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rr?il?MT7T T 


3 1924 096 693 233 


K p p "^ Cornell University 

^v si J/J Library 


The original of tiiis book is in 
tine Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 

Kippn w ISIS 









Hebrew Publishing Co. 


Printed in U. S. A- 

Copyright, 1914, by 


In producing this work it has been the object of the com- 
piler to give in siinplifled form a scientific dictionary of Hebrew 
and Cbaldee for the use of those engaged in the study of the 
original text of the Old Testament. 

This dictionary is worked out on the lines of the well- 
known lexicons of Gesenius and Fuerst and includes the best 
results of those great labors. Much has been drawn also from 
other works, particularly from the Hebrew and Chaldee Ety- 
mological Dictionary (Russian) by J. Steinberg, the eminent 
Hebraist of Vilna; that excellent work follows the lexicog- 
raphers just named, but contains many striking original con- 

Being chiefly intended as a medium of studying the origi- 
nal text of the Bible, this dictionary gives copious citations and 
explanations of difficult passages. In difficult cases old in- 
terpreters are quoted in this work more frequently, perhaps, 
than in other lexicons. Some striking interpretations by old ex- 
egetes are given here, which other lexicographers seem to have 
disregarded (see, for instance, the interpretation of 1n''*ini Is.n,3 
under U'^'^^Hiph.l andofijnp|> Cant.6, 12 under D12> 7). Renderings 
of the English authorized version, which follows the old Jew- 
ish commentators, are frequently quoted. In a few instances the 
compiler has ventured his own conjectures as to interpretation 
or etymology (see 15 ^pp Ps.2,12 under 13 I., CVVD? Jod.5,11 
under {*Sn pi, and the stem-words fDE* , e^S^). 

Following Gesenius and Fuerst, artificial (invented) stem- 
words have been introduced for words whose roots are not 
found in the Hebrew or Chaldee text of the Bible, but are 
manifest from the etymology of these languages. Such stem- 
words are given here without vowel-points to distinguish them 

Copyright, 1914, by 


In producing this work it has been the object of the com- 
piler to give in simplified form a scientific dictionary of Hebrew 
and Cbaldee for the use of those engaged in the study of the 
original text of the Old Testament. 

This dictionary is worked out on the lines of the well- 
known lexicons of Gesenius and Fuerst and includes the best 
results of those great labors. Much has been drawn also from 
other works, particularly from the Hebrew and Chaldee Ety- 
mological Dictionary (Russian^ by J. Steinberg, the eminent 
Hebraist of Vilna; that excellent work follows the lexicog- 
raphers just named, but contains many striking original con- 

Being chiefly intended as a medium of studying the origi- 
nal text of the Bible, this dictionary gives copious citations and 
explanations of difficult passages. In difficult cases old in- 
terpret«'.rs are quoted in this work more frequently, perhaps, 
than in other lexicons. Some striking interpretations by old ex- 
egetes are given here, which other lexicographers seem to have 
disregarded (see, for instance, the interpretation of ^n'^'inj Is. 11,3 
under n'^Hiph.l andofijiica* Cant,6,12 under nV2> r). Renderings 
of the English authorized version, which follows the old Jew- 
ish commentators, are frequently quoted. In a few instances the 
compiler has ventured his own conjectures as to interpretation 
or etymology (see 13 W^ Ps.2,12 under "13 1., n^VVDi? Jud.5,11 
under f Vn pi., and the stem-words fD2^ , eiSB*). 

Following Gesenius and Fuerst, artificial (invented) stem- 
words have been introduced for words whose roots are not 
found in the Hebrew or Chaldee text of the Bible, but are 
manifest from the etymology of these languages. Such stem- 
words are given here without vowel-points to distinguish them 


from existing root-woids. Some lexicographers consider these 
artificial words superfluous, but they are very useful as giving 
students an insight into Semitic etymology. 

The system of the alphabetic order of words, and not of 
roots, has been followed in this work. This system, which has been 
adopted by moft lexicographers since the time of Gesenius, is 
the most practical one. Words beginning both with tj» (Sin) and 
tl> (Sbin) are given here under one head, though Gesenius and 
many other lexicographers treat them as separate letters. 

In point of arrangement there are some deviations here 
from that of other lexicons. Some words which appear in them 
as two stem-words I. and II. are in this dictionary reduced to one, 
and some given there as one are here separated (compare, for 
instance, the arrangement here of the words B*i3 , nb'i , nsi , 
V^v with their disposition in the dictionaries of Gesenius and 

As in most dictionaries of Hebrew and Chaldee, vei'bs in 
this work are introduced in the form of the third person pret- 
erite (past tense), which is regarded as the stem-form. Some 
verbs, namely those with quiescent Vav (as b^n , Dllt , DIB'), are 
given in the iniinitive, in which case the preterite, as well as 
the other tenses, is given in parentheses. To assist students in 
the study of Hebrew and Chaldee grammar, declinable words 
of these languages are given in this dictionary with their in- 

At the end of this dictionary is given an analytical index 
of all words and unusual inflections whose roots some students 
may have difficulty in finding. 

New York, December, 1913. 














lihpa'el c'-rsnN) 








local, i. e. signifying motion 


Aph el (':>yS«). 

to a place 


apocopated, i. e. abridged 










Niph'al {hv^y) 








Pa'el (.'l^yS) 




paragogic, i. e. additional 


common (gender) 


patronymic,!, e. derived fron 



the name of a father 








Pi'el {''PB) 






denominative, i. e. 



Po'el (bris) 

from a noun 






preterite (past) 



pr. n. 

proper name 










gentile, i. e. derived from the 



name of a n 

ation or 




pt p. 

passive participle 




Pu'al ('^r?) 




Hiphil (h''VZU) 
Hithpa'el Oi^nrX) 




Rophal t^y?ri) 




Hothpa'el ("PJJSipn) 




ibidem (.in that same place) 









verb. n. 

verbal noun 












Ist book of Chronicles 


1st book of Kings 


2nd book of Chronicles 


2nd book of Kings 









































Ho 8. 







1st book of Samuel 




2nd book of Samuel 












Eri O^fJ) masoretic reading. 

Kttb (i^^?) form written in the text. 

1, 2, 3 before a verb indicates the person (1st, 2nd, 3rd). 

^ before a word indicates its form in a pause. 

A vertical line (,) under a letter marks the accent of a word 
when it is in the penult ("^^ypD). Words without this mark have the 
accent in the last syllable (J^^yD). In quotations of more than one 
■word the accent is not indicated. 

" indicates the form of a word before a makkeph. 


K the first letter of the alphabet, 
called Aleph f]?^ , from f^,i< ox, 
because of its original similarity 
to the form of a bull's head; as 
a numeral ^'^1, i<^l,COO.— N re- 
presents a very gentle guttural 
sound audible only with a vowel, 
as: S'==a, f'^e, if^i, etc.; when 
vowelless it is silent: N'SD matza, 
"IDN^ yomar. 

tlX (from 33^ ; c ""iS , cnce JH Gen. 
l?, 5; sf. ^ax , TI''iN , 1"'iK or ^H'^JK , 
etc.;jpL ni-;s',c. riUK) m. father In 
the widest sense, hence: 1) father, 
male parent m vh tlS K^n '•J^' m 
^as* she is the daughter of my 
father, but not the daughter of my 
mother Gen.20,12.— .2; grand-father; 
speaking to Jacob God says; ^''. ''ji< 
Tl'^iX Oni JN* 'Ti'^K I am the Lord, the 
God of Abraham thy father (i. e. 
grand-father) Gen.28,13.— 3) pro- 
geniror, ancestor or head of a 
people nSr-V.?-''! ''^^. the father 
(i. e. ancestor) of all the children 
of Bber Gen. 10, 21; Dili: I'OD ^'^ 
the father (i. e. prrgenitor) of a 
multitude of nations 17,4.— 4) cre- 
ator ^^I^TiUK «in nSq i&he(6to.d) J 

not tay father (i. e. creator) who 
hath created thee? Deut.32, 6.— 

5) originator or first cf a class 
:iT\V\ "lii5 B'Sin-'?! ^;iN the father 
(i.e. the first) of all such as handle 
the harp and guitar Gen. 4, 21. 

6) counsellor nv^^ ixS "'JD''b>.''1 
and be hath made me a father 
(i. e. a counsellor) to Pharaoh Gen 
45,8.— /) guardian, protector,bene 
factor DiJi''a^S ipjs iK a father 
(i. e. a guarJian, a protector) I 
am 1 1 the needy Jb.29,16. — 8) pre- 
ceptor, ruler, chief, head vTl^HI, 
I(1D;^ 5^7 and become unto me a 
father (i. e. preceptor or ruler) 
and a priest Jud.17,10. — 9) poet. 
nearest kin nns' ''JX TlXn W^h 

TT 'T • TT 

I call t.) the grave. Thou art my 
father (i. e. my nearest kin) 
Jb. 17, 4. — The construct forms 
"'■5^., il!? occur in many compound 
proper names, as: T]20''.3i<, D^'''?^- 1 
Di^'tl'aK, etc. 

:iX Ch. (sf. ■'JS', ^^i«., 'HUst. ; pi. 
|ni«, sf. •'OnaS^ m. father, fore- 

ax (from ias ; sf. i3.>J ; pi. c. ''5^') 
M. freshness, greenness, verdure 


i2S;? IjT'J' it is yet in its greenness 

Jb. 8, 12; '7njn ''2^ the verdure of 

the valley Cant. 6, 11. 

SS Ch. {sf. ngjK for na«) m. fruit. 

3;3X to blossom, to bear fruit, 
whence 3X , i« , DOX . 

[<njiX V^- **• S' Persian eunuch 
T : — : 

Est 1,10. 

Jj to be lost, to vanish, to fail, 
to bo void; with '7 to be lost to 
1 Sam. 9, 20; with ]!? to vanish 
from CniD ni;N DilD the means of 
escape shall vanish from them Jb. 

11, 20; irisD lixn niin the law 

shall vanish from the priest Fz. 
7. 26; ri^sn dS niNi the heart of 
ll-.e king shall fail Jer. 4, 9; ''iil 
n"'lty n^N a nation (that is) void 
of counsel Deut.32,28.— 3) to go 
astray, to v/ander about lii^ '1^ 
a stray sheep Ps. 119, 176; "'SIS 
nilX an Aramean, wandering about 
Deut.26,5.- 5;toperish 1j^3 IJliS 
1J";3N we perish, we all perish 
Niim. 17, 27; HDNi D'^ti'l the 
wicked shall perish Ps. 37, 2C; 
Nnn •'by nak riQia the blessing of 
bim t. at was ready to perish came 
upon me Jb. 29, 13; niX-- IDty-i;]! 
give strong drink to him that is 
ready to Pr.31,6. 

Pt. 12i< (fut. 12^]) 1) to waste 

fig. to cLrrupt Hjoa 2,,-m nax^. 

presents (bribery) corrupt the 
heart Ec.7,7.— 2) to lead astray 

the shepherds that lead astrai' and 

scatter the flocks of my pasture 
Jer.23,1. — 3) to make to perish, 
to destroy icS I.?'."''! 13^'^.] and 
Ih u hast made to parish every 
memorial of (hem Is. 26, U; j'lnS 
IJaX. 1 to kill and to destroy Est. 
3, 13; T172X1 (=TI'1|KS:;) and I de- 
stroyed thee Ez. 28, 16. 

Hiph. Tiaxri todcstrcy ''^|■]5^<.^) 
^''r\'P: t^?Jri-rif? and I will destroy 
that person Lev.23,30; ti'^JK DJi^il 
ri"Jt<n thou destroyest the hope of 
manJb 14,19;with|Ctobanishfrom: 

]^w Sip Dnp ■'riniNni and i win 

banish from them the voice of glad- 
ness Jer. 25, 10; HTiN (=nT3SN:' 
I will destroy Jer.46,8. 
Tax Ch. (fut. nax;.) to perish. — 

Aph. njln to destroy.— Ho'ph. 15^n 

to be destroyed, 
Tax »*■ perishing, ruin Num.24,20. 
n"TaX (.<-. i^lSS) f- loss, somethinf^ 

lost Lev.5,22. 
niiX Stib Pr.27,20 for ITnaW . 

ll'^iX «*• destruction Jb. 31, 12; also 

place of destruction Pr.15,11. 
nilX *«. destruction Est.9,5. 

nix (c- 115^) *». destruction, ruin 

naX (M. n5N'') to desire, to be will- 
ing Cg'j^'j nax vh he would not 
let them go Bx.10,27; D''in5N\T 
?|'|I.5?J will the forest-ox be willing 
to serve thee? Jb.39,9; with h of the 
person to obey I'j HDX nS Sn-IB*;^ 
andlsraeldidnot obeymePs.81,12. 

naX 1*. only Jb.9,26 nax n1\JX the 

meaning of which is according 

t.T the context: swift ships; ace. 
some: ships of reed like those 
which were in use in Egypt and 
which were very swift (in .\\ . 
t<it< reed). Some manuscripts have 
been found which resd H.D''!;. c - 
mity) and accordingly some i^,e,•- 
preters render the phrase: pirate 
ships (prop, ships of enemies). 

"•liX »*• woe. 

D'JX »». crib 

niX Ar, to threaten. 

nn.!pX f- threatening, terror; only 

c.'innnnis' ez. 21, 20. 

rT'tflllX (from ntii I.) TO. melon; j;Z. 

□''n''Ei5*<. ^um. n, 5. 

i^X 'fr m nns') inter j. ah! that! 

I wish! Jb. 34, 36. 
^^Upr n Abi, the mother of Eze]<inh 
• 2"k.-18, 2 (=n;5«. 2 Chr. 29, 1). 
7X"'3X p*'- w- w- 
flDN''iX p^- w. m. 
3'iX (from ^^H) m. prop, blossom, 

• T 

hence; ear i^^l^ 'I'liJ^B'n the barley 
was in the ear Ex. 9, 31;i''iNn tl^'nn 
the month of ears 13, 4 (the first 
month of spring, later called |D''j). 

7''J''iX pr- w. f. 1) sister of David 
lChr.2,16a.l7.— ^j wife of Nabal, 
afterwards of David 1 S. 25, 3 a. 42. 

^J^nX see '?;ji?t^. . 

]*T'iX pf- n. m. 

V7T.2X pr. n. m. 

.TUX pr.nlm. 1) grandson of Ben- 


jamin lChr.7,8. — 2) son of Samuel 
IS.8,2.— 5) Icing of Judah, son of 
Rehjboam 2 Chr. 12, 16 =-»aN. 1 K. 
15,1. — 4) son of Jeroboam IK. 14,1. 
5) a person mentioned in Nch. 10, 
8.— 6) & person mentioned in IChr. 
24, 10. 
(TiX i""- »• /'• ^=^5S , which see. 

T • -; 

^M'iS vr. n m. same as n'.3N' . 

X^rT'lX pr. n. m. 

T^n'.nX pr. n. m. 

yn'iXjJ''- n. f. 1) wife of Rehoboam 
2Chr 11,18. — 2) another woman 
1 Chr. 2, 29. 

]T^X (from nJN) TO. prop, one who 
wants something, hence: poor, 
needy, destitute. 

nJl'::X (ftomnaX) /■.only Ec. 12,5 
nji>;iNn Ignithe meaning of which 
. is accoiding to the context; and 
the desire shallfail; ace. several 
ancient interpreters nji>2Xdenotes 
the caper-berry which is used as 
appetizer, whence metonymically: 
desire, appetite. 

TlT.^X i""- >*• *«• 1) a person men^ 
tioned in Num.3,35.^ 2) a perso* 
mentitned in 'lChr.5,14. — 3) Iha 
father of Esther Est. 2, 15. 

'pa'^nx pr. n. f. 

a»nX see n>iN 3. 

'rXCriX pr. n. m. descendant ol 

Jolttan Gen. 10, 28. 
'tt'PC.SX pr. n. 1) name of several 

Jviv • -; 

kings of Philistia Gen. 20, 2; 26, 
1; Ps.34,1.— 2) son of Gideon Jud. 
^^J'DX !»■• »*• ™- V son of Jesse 1 S. 
16,8.— 2) son of Saul IS.31,2.— 

3) person mentioned in IS.7,1. — 

4) person mentioned in IK.4,11. 

_ , . -. 
ir^X see "IJaK. 
flD'2X see flDS''iK. 
*1TS?''^X pr- n. 1) son of Gilead, of 

the tribe of Manasseh Jos. 17, 2; 

gent, ■'ntrn '':3k jud. a, ii; =ljf{.^« , 

""•liyiK ' kum.26,30. — 3) one of 
David's warriors 2 S 28, 27. 

|l3t>!? ''IX i»-. n- m. 2 S. 23, 31 
=7«''aN!. 1 Chr. 11, 32. 

1'^X (c- "l''T'i!) "*■ mighty warrior, 
hero; only (.f God ip?;.l T'^X the 
mighty v/arrior of Jacob Gen. 49, 24. 

"I^^S "f^i- a- »*• -'/' miglity- stout ''T3K 
i.7 stout-hearted Ps.76,6.— ^jhead, 
chief n''V"in n^3ti the chief of the 
herdsmen IS.28,8.— 3) great lord 
D''1.''^?5 ^Dv '^'^s bread of great lords 
(i. e. the choicest food) Ps. 78, 25 
(others: angels' bread). — 4) poet. 
a) stud-horse in''2N nlDIS mV\^ 
the stamping of the hoofs of his 
stui' horses Jer. 47, 3. h) bull ''TaN 
It^a the bulls of Bashan Ps. 22, 13. 

It X ' 

qTi^X pr. n. m. 1) person mentioned 

T - -; 

in Num.16,1.— 2) another person 

1 K 16, 34. 
5B'"'3« pr. n. f. 
J^^.ti'^iX pr. n. 1) grandson of Ben- 

jamin lChr.8,4.— 2) son of Phi- 
nehas, the high-priesl Bzr. 7, 5. 

H-lSS'^iX pr. n. m. 

>^*inX pr. n. m. 1 S. 26, 6 =''g'5« 

10, io. 

Dl'?5J>''aN pr. n. son of David 1 K. 

15, 2 =ni'?^aK 2 S. 8, 3. 
^n^^X pr. n. m. 

T T : V 

TIDX only Hithp. ^^m'O to roll, to 
wind itself I^'l? nWJ laasn^J and 
they wind themselves upward like 
the lilting of the smoke Is. 9, 17. 

7';5^ l-/^"*- •■3.^-'!) to lament, to mourn 
^^m vh^ iU.*BJ his soul will 
mourn for him' Jb. 14, 22; iSaN) 
D"'ynn ^|i^<J and then shall mourn 
tlie pastures of the shepherds Am. 
1, 2. 

Hiph. '^USjt.n (fut. S:3K:) to cause 
to mourn ''n^aSD n^Ntr iniT Di''3 
on the day when it went down to 
(he grave I caused a mourning 
Ez.31,15; nn'ni Sn-'raN>1 and he 
caused the rampart and the wall 
to mourn Lam. 2,8. 

Hithp. hz^m to mourn nsap;! 
n^aNn^J and I wept and mourned 
Neil. 1,4. 

biX (c. '^as, -Saw; c.pi. \'?aK)a(y. 

mourning DN"'75SI as one mourn- 
ing for his mother Ps.35,14; ''^as. 
|i*V tliB mourners of Zion Is 61,3; 
ni^aN ]i'V ''ail the ways of Zion 
are mourning Lam. 1,4. 
7iX (Ar. h^a fresh grass) f. 1) mea- 
dow r\'vnin SaN nu unto the great 
meadow IS.6,18. — 2)pr. n. of a city 

... ,.. 

73*? occurs in several compound 
geographical names: a) ri''3 75« 
n^gD 28.20,14, sometimes U'^p SiN 
2Chr.l6,14 ='?n« 2. b) D''5St5>n '7aK 
a city in Moab Num 33,49 =^2112* 
Mic.6,5. c) D''!?5| SjX a village in 
Moab J ud. 11,33.' d) nSini? SaX a 
city in Issachar Jud.7,22. e) ^2ii 
D.^tlVP a place not far from the 
Jordan Gen. 50,11. 
7iX (sf- n.i?? 1 ^T^'v ^ "*■ mourning 
7iJ< i^ ait), certainly.— 3) but. 
^3X see 'jaiK. 

(sf. U^K ; jpZ. Q"'JiK , c. V.5K) f. 

"i) stone, rock j^kS n|5^n Do^ vnnj 

and the briclc served them for 
stone Gen. 11, 3; "ItJ^.^n C J^S inf?.>1 
-J and they took stones and made 
a'^heap 31, 46; SVi;iD \;5« hewn 
stones 2 K. 12, 13; of the hail: |5^J 
nia hail-stone Is. 30, 30; of pre- 
cious stones: p.^ !WPp setting of 
stones Ex. 28, 7;' jn-||ltj Pr. 17, 8, 
•T^iT. ^i?^ ^2 27, 22 precious stone; 
{'Sn"''JDS precious stones Is 54, 12; 
fig. h^^1if\ |5^ the rock (i. e. de- 
fence) of Israel Gen.49,24; |5H ^b. 
a heart of stone fi.e. a hard heart) 
Kz. 11, 19: |5nS !Tin he became as 
a stone (i. e. was stupefied with 
grief) IS. 25,37—2) weight -\J^K 
D^? the -weights in the bag (i. e. 
the weights kept by merchants in 
a bag) Pr. 16, 11; ^h^SU |5S^ by 
the king's weight 28.14,26;' "«'? 
]5«1 ]$^ ^P''?? ^^ ^J'T. thou Shalt 
not have in thy bag divers 


weights Deut. 25, 13; b''1|n IS^Zch. 
4,10 a. rrijlij^n \^^ 5,8' weight of 
lead or plummet; jjoei. lUi \JiK the 
weights of desolation Is. 34, 11. — 
\5^ occurs in several compound 
geographical names; a) v.N.n ]5|S 
a place between Rama and Nob 
1 8. 20, 19. b) iria 1^^ in Benja- 
min Jos.15,6. c) nipnin ]ig to the 
east of Jerusalem 1 K. 1, 9. d) ]JN 
"i^Jl near Mizpah IS.4,1. 

]iX Ch. {def. W^K) f. stone "^^l 15S 
a heavy stone Ezr.5,8. 

nSnX Ktib 2K.5,12 for HJiSX , which 

^.J3i< (from taJ3) m. girdle. 

D'iiS ''■"• f. 1) potter's wheels (con" 
•r : T 
sisting of two stones) Jer.18,3.— 

2) birth-stools (others: bathing- 

tuD for new-born children) Ex. 

*133X pr. n. uncle and general of 

Saul IS.14,51 =i;.''aS 50. 
D:]X to fatten; only pt p. DliK iSV 

fattened ox Is.l5,17;D^Q1iS OnaiJ 

fatted fowls IK 5,3. 
n!?3!?3X (from V5}) f- blain, boil 

ni'VVy^^ ]V^ an inflammation 

producing boils Bx.9,10. 
P^X pr- w. of a city in Issachar 

y^^a pr- n. a judge of Israel Jud. 
p2X (akin to pip to embrace) JVijifc. 

p3KJ (/•Mi.p5N':;m/". p3«n) to wrestle 

lav S*''!!^ PS^.*.! *"d ^ ™^° wrestlerf 



with him Gen.32,25; inf. sf. IpJ^na 
in his wrestling 32,26. 
p3« (c. p3«. ; sf- DJi^S) »». dust. 

'"Ii55'^ (<'• ^Rt'^)/'- powder "jDi-l npjl^ 
the spicy powder of the merchant 

*1iX I- {den. from lit? wing) only 

Eiph. I^JK.n to fly up, to soar; fut. 

{TI^XlTlOJ^ann doth the hawk 

fly by thy wisdom? Jb.39,26. 
'liX n. to be strong, whence "l^^K 

a. T3K. 
')^ii m. wing, quill. 

V I" 

f. wing, feather. 
dni2X ?»•• «• ancestor of the Hebrews 

T T : - 

'TT'l^SK Gen. 41,43 ace. some: young 

ruler (from 3K and tj^); others: 
bend the knees (from ?I13 Hiph.). 
Some derive this word from the 
Egyptian ape-rek, bend the head! 
D13Xi'»'- n. previous name of Dmagt 

^^'ix see ^^•'aN. 
Dl'pWaN see Di^E*^aK. 
XJK pr. n. m. 

3JKi»-- ». title of Amalekite princes; 

gent. ''JJN Est 3,1. 
njX to bind, to unite. 

n.'^JX (c. ni^K.;j,i. nin.?x.)/-. i) bundle, 

bunch JitK m^Kabunch of hyssop 
Ex.12,22. — 2) band, company, body 
fins rriJ^.!? 1\'n>j and they formed 
one band (or body) 2S.2,25.— 
5) band, ' fetter naiO D^JN the 
■ bands of the yokels 58,6.— 4) vault 
'■^3?': H-S '^i? in^JS he hath found- 

ed his [celestial] vault over the 
earth Am.9,6. 

TlJX m. nut. 

I^jX pr. n. author of the 30tb chap- 
ter of Proverbs. 

mux (c. niiJK) f little coin. 

'?_JX (c. pi. "i|^:K) m. drop. 

D'tJjSf i""- n. of a city in Moab Is. 

DJX tP?. D'^^JS, c. ■'aJb') w. i) pool 
d'^D-DJK a pool of water Is.41,18.— 
2) reed, bulrush Jer.51,32. 

QJX a^?- sad, grieved B*Sj"'DJN 
grieved in soul Is. 19,10. 

]1aJX m. -Z/ reed, bulrush |inJN5 cibSn 
it^NI to bend his head as a bul- 
rush Is.58,5; fig. of a low condition 
]iDJK' ns? palm-branch and rush 
(i. e. high and low) 9,13. — 3) rope 
of reeds i£N3 ]iajN' n^?>nn canst 
thou put a reed-rope through his 
nose? Jb.40,26.— 3) caldron nn? 
]iJDJS<1 niSJ as a seething pot or 
caldron 41,12. 

]3X (c. Ub* ;p?. niJJK) TO. bowl, basin. 

tljX i# C?^^) »»■ troops, army 

(prop. wing). 
1JX (fut I'JN.:'; to gather, to collect. 
X"IJX Ch. (def m^l<A) f. letter, 

flllJX (from f\'2i) m. fist. 

'PtaiJX (pJ- c. ''hcidt>.^ «. dish, basin, 

niilX Cp?. nil^X) f. letter, edict. 

^X (from nix) f. vapor, mist. 

- T 

aiX only Hvph. inf. i^wS IS.2,23 
for J^l^nS to cause to languish, 
to trouble. 

c. \:nN., sf. Vjn!<., dhvis, etc.) 

m master, lord, possessor 'JOB' 
insS D^rl'7S God made me lord 
Gen.45,9; of God: f :3Kn Ss ]nK.the 
Lord Gf all the earth Ps.97,5. ^JnK 
is used instead of the second per- 
son of tue pronoun in addressing 
superiors: inny-riiS '?«!i' ■'jlK my 
lord asked his servants (.i. e. y. u 
asked your servants') Gen. 44, 19. 
ThepZ. is sometimes used as asm.9 , 
in which case it agrees with a verb 
or adjective in the singular num- 
ber: i'?"]^'' 1''jnS his master should 
givehimBx.21,4; n^'f3.a''JnK.a cruel 
lord Is. 19,4.— ijhS (.my Lord1 for 
'jnK , exclusively of God Gen, 18, 
30; Ps.35,23; see also nv\\^. 

Q^ini^ pr n of a city in Judah 

ainX see DTJIS- 

nnX see niniS- 

r"IX Ch. adv. then, at that time. 

•^ilX l) adj mighty, glorious, noble 
■fib" '"I'S. a mighty cedar Bz.17,23, 
whence' Dn;-!« Zch.11,2 mighty 
cedars; ^^1 DilSS "l^"1?? the Lord is 
mighty "on high Ps.93,4; Q^?^t? 
D^y!^ mighty kings 136,18; see 
also nilN 3.— a) m. leader, com- 

T T 

mander liSD ili^N n;ni. and their 
leader shall be of themselves Jer. 
30,21; |K';fn n^^N leaders of the 
flocks 25,34. 

t: — : 

niX to be red D'':''JSD aTJ «■]« 

redder than corals were they in 
body Lam.4i7. 

Pit. DIS to he made red; only 
pt. nnsp kah.2,4 for D'!!*? made 
red; pi bmra died led Ex.25,5. 
Hiph. n-'l^h'ifut. nns::) to be 
red, to grow' red rt^WD ionNrCN 
though they should be red like 
crimson Is. 1,18. 

Hithp. DIKrin to become red ])}. 
DINn^ ^5 the wine when it is red 

nhx 1) adj. {f nanK; pi. m. n''!3ns.) 
red, ruddy DilKI PIX ^TT my friend 
is white and ruddy Cant.5,10; HIS 
nans a red cow Num. 19,2; CISIK 
053' red as blood 2K.3,22.— 2) m. 
something red Hin DHKn DIKH 
that red thing (i. e. red pottage) 
Gen. 25,30; abstractly: redness JJ^D 
Tlt?u'?7 DIS why is redness on thy 
garment? Is 63,2. 

Q*7X ™ ruby (precious stone) 

QTX (without inflection) m 1) man 
DlN"n-nX .. '"'' "IX'"'1 and the Lord... 

TT T •.• T: 

formed the man Gen.2,7; ]''4D Ons 
man of understanding Pr.28,2. - 
S) mankind, men CJ^'H int<3 like 
any of mankind Jud.16,7, ]KS 
ms* flocks of men Bz. 36, .38. — 
.3) somebody, anybody niD^^"''? DnK 
when a man (i. e. somebody) dietb 




Nuin.l9,U; n55S ^'^ 05¥"''|? I will 
give no flattering titles to any- 
body Jb.32,21.— 4) man, as oppos- 
ite to woman Ec.7,28.— 5) pr. n. 
a) Adam, the first man Gen. 5,3. 
6) a city near the Jordan Jos.3,16. 
CnX pr. n. 1) son of Isaac, first 
named 1B>V.Qen.36,l.— .S) Edomite 
tribe Num.20,20.— 5) land of the 
Edomitea IK.9,26; gent. ^d'-ii<,,pl. 

TO. D''pins , n""DnK , pi. f. n^'iSi^. . 

Q-qa^J^ (/■. nDlOlK) adj. reddish. 
T : - -; ■ ' * • 

riDHN pr. n. of a place. 

ncnX ic. n01« ; sf. ''niyw f. l) land, 
earth, soil.— 2) C3untry; pi. fltonN 
Ps.49,12. — 3) pr. n. ct a city in 
Naphtali Jos.19,36. 

^JIDIX see ''iDl« . 

'blX see I31N 5. 

*D"1X pr. n. of a city in Naphtali, 
called ai5,|.n "'D'lK Jos.19,33. 

Q^|2"IN (red-brown) ^r. n. of a ridge 
of hills between Judah and Benja- 
min Jos.15,7. 

^JJSnX adj. reddish, red-haired. 

NriOnX pr. n. of a Persian. 

n^i pr n. of a place in Babylonia. 

"PJA ipl. n'':'1K., c. V.l.^) »»■ founda- 
tion, threshold. 
"•nS see ]i1K . 

^5T^~^J^X2»■ w-of aPhenician king. 

I viv • I -; 

rrJlS pr. n. 1) son of David IK.1,5 
a. 8. — 2) a person mentioned In 
2Chr.l7,8. — 5) a person mentioned 

in Neh.10,17 =ni:''J1K. Kzr.2,18. 

irrynx see .Ths . 

p'^^~'J^^j{l"■ w- of a Pheniclan king, 

nD'iia see n^m 3. 

It ■ -; ^ • 

DTJ^Xi"■•™• tax-gatherer of David 
and Solomon IK.4,6. =D'i.^^? 2K. 
20,24 a. Cinn 2Chr.lO,18. 

'I'TX to be great, to be splendid; 
only Niph. Tlls'A to show oneself 
glorious; pt. B^'ipS l^f'.J glorious 
in holiness Ex.15 11; witn parag. '' : 
n'33 ^"inw glorious in strength 15,6. 
Hiph. "l^Kri (Z'wt.T'l^:) to glorify 
T'l^^lll n''^i'l.lJl he will magnify 
the law and glorify it Is.42,21. 

T7X »*• dress, mantle. 

TTX rn. thrt 12th month of the Hebrew 


year (corresponding to March) 

T^X pr. n. 1) a place in the south 

of Judah Jos.15,3 =1'nK "iVn Num 

34,4.— 2) =1"1K,, which see, 
TIX Ch. (def. si-jS' ; pi. c. ■'IIN) m. 

ITjIIX Ch, {pi. def. K'niJ-nX) m. 

dignitary, supreme judge. 
Xin'IX Ch. adv. quickly (others: 

p^lX <pl. D''Ji31.nNl m Persian coin. 

Tl7D'llX pr- n. 1) Assyrian deity 
2K.17,31— 2) Assyrian king Is. 

y-inX Ch. f=Heb yl-lp f. arm; fig. 

''S^'lIX pr. n. 1) capital of Bashan 




Deut.1,4.— 2) a city in NapMali 

fTl.;^.^? (^f- '^^'P-^^ ^?15^) f- 1) glory 

Qflll^ iTVitt* wasted is their glory,3. — 2) cloak, mantle, gar- 
ment "li'jK' ^^1^ mantle of SMnear 
(i. e. Babylonish garment) Jos.7, 
21; irt? rrn^ a hairy cloak Gen. 
25,25.— 3) adj. f. of inK glorious, 
elegant ni^.K ]S.^. elegant vine 
Ez. 17,8. 
!!'*'1X (=!J'n) to thresh; only once 
inf. 1JB>n\trnK he will ever be 
threshing it Is.2S,28. 

nnx , ^ ans {fut. inx;, i jhn a. ins, 
2; j3i. ank, f. n jdn; imp. jnx; 

Mr&. M. ins, sf. D^p.^, also nin.f:'i 
c. ninX) 1) to love, to like, to be 
fond of eipii-ns iDN he loved 
Joseph Gen. 37,3; with h : niHNI 
T|l('l'? thou Shalt love thy neigh 
bor Lev.19,18; with i: ]inri| iPIN 
he that loveth abundance Bc.5,9; 
B*n5 (n,3nx=) iriJjl^X that loveth 

to tread out,ll; DJ??-? ^''' 
cording to their loving (i. e. as they 
love) 9,10; ^l n^T)^ nansS to love 
the name of God Is.56,6J ;i njnxj 
SnII!*'' '>J3-n« even as the Lord 
loveth the children of Israel 3,1. — 
2) to be glad -n« ^\ Vm\ 'I ^Ti^D'f 
''7ip I am glad that the Lord heareth 
my voice P8.116,l.— For DH IjqK 
Hos.4,18 see under iHV 

Niph. an.KJ to be beloved; only 
pt. n''?nwn' the beloved 2S.1,23. 

Pi. .nriN to love passionately; 
only pt ''5n*?P my lovers Hos.2,7, 

^ISnHD thy lovers Jer.22,20, etc. 

ins »*• loveliness, love; only jjZ. 
D''?nK. n.^.JN a lovely gazelle Pr. 
5,19; nuns; IJinn they have be- 
stowed love Hos.8,9. 

2ilH w. love, love-affair; only pi. 
D'<'an«3 no'pyriJ let us indulge in 
love Pr.7,18. ' 

nirii< /• love; also verh. n., see iHi** 

T -; - ''' 

nnX int&ii. ah! woe! 

NinX pr. n. a river in Media 

Ezr. 8, 15. 
"l^nX pr. M. a judge of Israel Jud. 

\'1X (.=il.*.«) fflt^y. where? Hos.13,14. 

t^nX I. (M- ^^^.V to pitch tents 
dnp-n?? hr\^J,} and he pitched Ms 
tents till close to Sodom Gen. 13, 12. 
Pi. same as Kal; (bnN^=) hui'ii'^ 
''5"1i? D2> nor shall the Arabian 
pitch there his tent Is. 13,20. 

i^,-lX II. {.=^'2p) to give light, to 
shine; only Hiph. fut. ^h\ Di; Ti \r\ 
''■'Htil behold even to the moon, 
and it shineth not Jb.25,5. 

^nX isf. ^'?n«, irQ^; with n he. 
n^IlN ; pi. D''bnN , D"''?™ , c. ■'Shn) 
i) tent, tabernacle, habitation iC?' 
'rnx who dwelleth in a tent Gen. 
4,20; ri"!??n 'JHN tabernacle of the 
testimony Num.17,22; nSJIK) "/nit 
tabernacle of the congragation Ex. 
30,18.— 2) fig. household, family 

Lord will save the tents (1. e. 




households) of Judah Zch.12,7.— 
3) pr. n. m. lChr.3^0. 

bnX ■>»■. (only pi. D'l'rnK a. ni'^HN) 
aloe-wood, aloe-tree V?J D i5S?5 
^•l as aloe-trees which the Lord 
hath planted Num.24,6; niSntJliD 
myrrh and aloes Cant.4,14. 

ntriX J""- w. symbolic name of Sa- 

tt: ■■* 

maria Ez. 23,4. 

i^?'''7^H pr. n. m. 

rti' ^nX pr- ^- symbolic name of 

Jerusalem Bz,23,4. 
nOl'^nS pr. n. 1) wife of Esau.— 

T T • T: T 

2) Edomite tribe. 
yVliipr.n. Aaron, brother of Moses 

IK Ktib Pr.31,4 for ''N where? ace. 

some verb, n, IN (from HIN) desire: 

IDE' IN n'':ihiSi iii-intr d'^d^sS "7^ 

T : : I'T ; ' T : - - 

not tor kings to drink wine, nor 

for princes to desire strong drink. 

'({^ (prop. inf. of T1T.N to 4esire, to 
choose)co»!j. 1)ot: 2Q1 IN ^BS silver 
or gold Gen.44,8; IN--. iN either... 
or n5 i'* |5 ^'^ either a son or a 
daughter Ex.21,Sl — 2) if, if but, 
if perhaps, or if perhaps tN'iX 
n:i:2b j;j3Mf then their heart shall 
be humbled Lev.26,4J; p.'.Ql iN 
"■■IVDa if he but take hold of my 
strength Is. 27,5; T]jl5?rna IN or if 
perhaps he answereth thee IS. 

7X*X pr. n. m. 

mS (akin to iiJ") to be hollow, 
whence yni. 

mx (pi. n'aio m. 1) bottis nin!<| 

D"'?'7n like new bottles (i. e. like 
skins filled with new wine that 
easily burst) Jb.32,19.— 3) the 
hoUowbelly of conjurers, in which 
the conjuring spirit resides, hence; 
a) conjuring spirit iiN3 ''7 NJ '' D D p 
divine, I pray thee, unte me by 
the conjuring spirit IS 28,8; iTHI 

^hip n??? ^^'^? ^""^ '^y voi''^ 
shall be like one of a conjuring 
spirit out of the earth ls.29,4; VC'I.T 
niii<n"7is' inquire of the conjuring 
spirits 8,19. 6) conjurer of the dead, 
necromancer CJJ^'l/.l.iiN HB'lfl and 
he appointed necromancers and 
wizards 2K.21,6; ni:iNn-n^ l^pO 
he removed the necromancers IS. 
28,3; ii« nSs?5 a woman skilled 
in necromancy IS.28,7. 

nlilNi"'-"- a station of the Israelites 
in the Arabian desert Num.21, 10. 

'^''STX pr. w. m. 

'7.2Wt^5'^ (^751'') m. river, stream. 


"TlX i) to turn, to surround, whence 

niN, T-N' , nniN .— 2) to be strong, 
whence 1J<I? . 

11X ipl. DH^'^) «• flre-brand. 

nmX (from IIK 1) pi. turns, cir- 
cumstances, causes; always con- 
nected with 7^, with which it has 
the meaning tf the prepositions: 
because of, concerning niniK 'rr 
iJ3 beciuse of his son Gen.21,11; 
ISan nnx 75? concerning the wel? 
26,32 ni1N-'?3-'?SJ because of all 
this Jer,3,8; with sf. iflilN Sy con- 

T T 


cerning me, T]"iipni< b'^ concerning 
thee JosJ4,6; without h'J t nly in 
the difficult passage nr'in nniN-?« 

''iD?^? ''^V there is no cause for 
this wrong, to send me away, 
which is greater than the other 
which thou hast done with me 
n\S' Pi. HT.^ to long for, to desire 
7\^:)'^]^ "'t'SJ in my soul have I 
lorigod for Ihee Is.26,9; iB^lD!? WK 

,) TIT" 

l7 he hath desired it as a habita- 
tion for himself Ps.132,13. 

HUhp. niynn (/wt. ap. ign^) i) to 

long for VntoDaS 'lNnri-'7N dn 
not long for his savoury meats 
Pr.23,3; I^^X Tj^^n "iXip^.l the king 
will long fur thy beauty Ps,45,l2; 
nj^tO njb'OT to have a lustful long- 
ing Num.1 1,4. — 2) to mark off 
np"lT SiajS U^h D;5''li<nri1. ye shall 
mark off to yourselves the eastern 
border Num.34,10. 
ina (e. nvA; sf. ^nm desire. 


7T^X pr. n. 1) son of Joktan Gen. 10, 

T ' 

2. — 2) name of a place in 
Arabia Bz.27,19; see also vtx Pu. 

^"IX J""- w. m. 

>^X interj. woe! alas! 

2''1K see 3:.J< . 

n''1S see ■''ii^ . 


^^1X adj. a. n. foilish, fool ':''')!<. ''3 
■ilSSJ because my people is foolish 
Jer.4,22; n\rm h^% a fool in his 

speaking Pr.10,8; ?1110 n''^''1K 
D3?B*§ fools because of their trans- 
gression Ps.107,17. 

•ip^lX adj. foolish ''^m, Hp a foolish 
shepherd Zch.11,15. 

Tlilp ti'lX J"-- w- of a Chaldean 
king 2K.25,27. 

^ilX ^y to be in front, to be the first. 
whence TX ram (as leader of a 
flock), TX hart (because of liis 
swiftness), etc.— 2) to be strong, 
whence 7N power, H^S or \'h'^ 
terebinth (because of its strength), 
etc. — 3) to be foolish, whence 

7!|X in. I) strength; only with sf, 
dSih N'''1i1 their strength is firo 
Ps.73,4. — .3^ mighty person; pi. w 
n^n '>SlK the might V of the Ian 1 
2K;24,15 (Ktib for ^S^!) . 

''/'IX 1) adv. may be, perhaps "'Hu 
ri|^D n^3!< It may be that I may 
obtain children by her Gen. 16,2; 
nSXn'K'? ''tW perhaps- she wilj 
not be willing 24,5.— 2) ii '^h^U 
nv^:?: nnMIS*:?: if it should yield 
(fruit), strangers will swallow i,; 
up Hos.8,7; also negatively. ''7IW 

• :-T t: - T- • -T- T-.V 

if she had not turned aside from 

me, I would surely nr.w have slair 

thee Num.22,33- 
D'PVS' , Q'j'X 1) m. {pi. DVi^S , c. •'ffi^K'v 

vestibule, hall. — 2) adv. a. conj. 

but, however, yet. — .3) pr. n. m. 

nt'^X (.sf. "';?Hn' /•. foolishness, folly. 

V|V* • 


PX 1) to breathe, to blow, f.g. to be 
empty or vain; hence ^l^ij and 
P«.— 2) to pant, f,g. to labor, 
to make effort; hence ]iK strength, 

11X (sf. Hi'^^ ' ^t'^^ ™- ^>' nothlng- 
"ness, vanity 11«l'?l?V D3r];! their 
greatness is trouble and vanity 
(vain effort) Ps.90,10.— Z) false- 
hood nOIDI |1.S Vj?"'''!?! the words 
of his moutli are falsehood and 
deceit Ps 36,4; -fig. idolatry. ]1[< 
n''5nri'l idolatry and image-worship 
IS.15,23; |li< ^l^P he blesseth an 
idol Is. 66,3, — 5) wickedness, 
injustice T]Jii< D^itynOtbethoughts 
of thy wickedness Jer.4:,l4; ^^'^J 
DJiN"nt< DT^??. and he will bring 
back on them their own injustice 
Ps,94,28.— 4i opprobrious name 
of On, a city in Lower Egypt (see 
|iK 4 below), 

lIX ^p'- D^J''><) m. 1) strength, power 
D^'^'"^."^«< ^'^ UiK? in his 
strength he strove with an angel 
Hos.12,4, ijiN ■'1^.'^ his powerful 
steps Jb.18,7; D''j1K ]''« the power- 
less Is. 40,29, of the generative 
power: ^J^X '"I'^U'NT the beginning 
of my strength (i. e. my first-born 
son) Gen, 49,2; poei. a child J^n \'l^ 
ij^W his child will suffer hujger 
JD.18,12.— 2) wealth, substance 
"h li« ■'nxm ^Pr\}2\ I am become 
rich, I have acquired substance 
Hos.12,9. — S) affliction, pain "|3 
''jiN the son of my affliction Gen. 
35,18; □''JiK hrh, the bread of af- 


fliotion (i. e. the bread of mourn- 
ers) Hos.9,4.— 4; \y^ a. ]^< jpr. w. 
On, a city in Lower Egypt Gen. 
41,50 =trp'i? n''3 (.Temple of the 
Sun) Jer.43,13, called by the Greeks 
Heliopolis (City of the Sun). 

131X i""- w. a cil.y in Benjamin Bar. 

nl'JlX Ktib for rii»pN,i)Z.of /TJW.. 


ijix w- '"'■ "*■ 

TS^X i""- w- of a gold-country Jer. 
^^10,9; Dan. 10,5. 

TSlX W- '"■■ V son of Joktan Gen. 
10,29.— S) a country in south 
Arabia (ace. some: in India, others; 
in Africa), reputed to be rich in 
gold IK.9,28; hence 1''?>i« a name 
for gold Jb.22,24. 

ISIX (c- 1?^>' ; P^- Q^^S^K) wheel. 

PX (.pt- r?i P^- °''V?) *o press, to 

Hiph. fiijn (fut. pK;) to press, 
to urge. 

n^lX (c. ixiN;2)2. n^1X^^', c. ni'ivi^*) «■ 
1) treasure, store, provision.— 2) 
store-house, treasury. 

ITX {fut. litO) to become light or 
clear, to dawn "liN 'Ij^'sn the morn- 
ing was light Gen. 44,3; D57 liNI 
U.7!l and when ye have light, go 
away IS.29,10; ^^''i ^"iK my eyes 
are become clear 14,29; fig. to 
cheer up "i^iX ''Dip arise, cheer up 
Niph. liW {fut "|1«I; inf. 1i«S for 




1^«D^) to dawn, to shine 1i«>.J 
]i*l2p3 DHJ and it dawned upon 
them at Hebron 2S.2,32; I'iKa "lixS 
C^nn to shine in the light of life 
Jb.33,30; pt. nm niKJ thou art 
brilliant Ps.76,5. 

Hiph. TiKn (fut. "^''»:^;pt. T'KO) 1) 
to give light, to shine hv liKn^ 
fn^p to give light upon the earth 
Gen.1,15; .TTTKn f;3Kn the earth 
gave light Bz.43,2;' T'K; Di»3 nS^S 
the night will shine like the day 
Ps. 139,12; with accus. to give light, 
to cause to shine, to enlighten 

^llD'nS on^ T'^nS to give light 

unto them on the way Neh. 
9,12; ^''!2S 1''JS ;■; T'K; the Lord 
make his face shine unto thee 
Num.6,25; 3''flJ 'fS; VT}^ behind 
him he causeth his pathway to 
shine Jb.41,24; 1li« liK^-x'? n;];! 
and the moon shall not let shine 
her light Ez 32,7; ^')?. T-Kfl nriK 
thou wilt cause my light to shine 
Ps.18,29; ''y^V. n'1''«n enlighten my 
eyes Ps.13,4; pt. f. c. nyr nT^'P 
enlightening the eyes 19,9.— 2) 
tn light up, to set on fire ITi^n iih 
Djfl TiatD ye shall not light up 
my altar for nought Mal.1,10; 
nili« ni-l>'pniX| □■'C'J women win 
come and set it on fire Is.27,11. 
"iTX m. 1) light (.in the widest sense); 
pi. D'''li{< lights, luminaries.— 2) 
fresh verdure, green herbs DPIS 
*^^^< ''^S? nt as clear heat on fresh 
verdure Is.18,4; pi. WniK '?£3 the 
dew of herbs 26,19; rilJ* ^'07 to 
gather herbs 2K.4,39. 

1!|X {pi. Q-ilW, CIW rn,. 1) light- 
country ;•: nai D"'']^! glorify the 
Lord in the countries of light (i. e. 
countries of the East) Is.24,15. — 
2) fire, flame T'V^i? 1^t«| thou 
shalt burn with Are Ez.5,2. — S) 
enlightenment, revelation D''']1K 
CSJ^II revelations and truth Ex. 
28,30 (the oracle worn by the high- 
priest in his breast-plate). 

I'lXi"'- n- 1) a person mentioned in 
lChr.11,35.— 2) a Chaldean city 
(Dirj2>| ^■>(^-)^ the birth place of 
Abraham Gen. 11,28. 

iTllN f. 1) light =liK 1.- 2) pi. 
riniN a. ri"l>< herbs =-iiN 2. 

nni}< see mi.i^. 

n'''lW i""- ^- 1) husband of Bath- 

T • 

sheba 2S.11,3. — 2) a priest men- 
tioned in ls.8,2. — .y a person 
mentioned in Neh. 3,4. 

^(T^^X J""- '"'■ a prophet mentioned 
in Jer.26,20. 

n'nlN see lix 2. 

J^•^lX see W^. 

n^X (perhaps akin to HIS") Nipli. 
niKJ (fid. rw.),) to consent, to agree 
W^l niW nxra in this we will con- 
sent unto you Gen. 34,15. 

nix {pi ti\r\% ririN) com. l) sign, 
mark, token ?|T Ti niK7 as a sign 
on thy hand Ex.13,19; Jlinx': ^\l'; 
and they shall be for signs Gen. 
1,14— 2) proof "lajN •'3 niNH 
'T'ODz?' the proof that I have sent 




thee Ex 3,12.— S) ensign 'hv B*^K 
nnbX iT'iS nriN;i i'^JT every man 
by his own stacdaid, by the en- 
signs of their family division 
Num.2,2.— ■'iTliX, T|n"N*, etc., see D^J. 

nWlX Is.41,23 a. iij pt of Nn«, 

nriK , whicli see. 
T^ adv. then, at that time; !XD> tX \Q 

from that time, of old, since. 
NTX, nTS' Ch. (mf. Ktp) to heat, to 

kindle; tnf sf. T\^,\12h to heat it 


ntX Ch. to go forth NltS ''^D nn^D 
the word is gone from me Dan. 2,5. 
^ITX '»■ hyssop (plant). 
TiTS iii. girdle, belt. 
•"tS «(!». then =r« . 
m3TX f- offering of remembrance, 

TT ;- 

')TX 1) to go away hh^^T\\ tX "h 'rPNI 
when he goeth away, then he 
boasteth Pr.20,U, 1KI? '^[n-no 
how far thou hast gone away! 
Jer.2,36 (=''St^IJI); others; why 
makest thou thyself so very low 
(from 7^1, which see). — 2) to be 
gone, to be spent, to fail □'I 
^J\73p 7jS* the bread is spent out 
of our vessels IS 9,7; d^D l'?m 

7 3 .- .^ 

D^"^j!3 the waters are g me from 
the sea Jb.14,1 1; T Thv^ the power 
faileth Deut.32,36. 

Ph. only pt. SpNO Bz.27,19 ace. 
Stb.: something current (giods, 
money ■; ace. Ges.: something spun, 

textile (from Talm, ^V<, to weave); 
others: SnjfD from Usal 'see ':nN). 

tiTX Ch to go away, 

ITX I. (Ar. ]t1) to weigh, whence 
D^Jt.ND scales, balance; only Pi. 
].?.N to weigh carefully, to probe 
"l/P.Ol l.t'!> he probed and searched 
out Ec.12,9. 

|TX II. (c?ew. of jm ear); only Hiph. 
IV.J^Dto give ear, to listen, to heark- 
en yX ptN'n give ear unto me Ps. 
77,2; \'?'1PS' r\mr\ hearken unto 
my speech Gen. 4,23; "1^ l^^ 
D5^riiJUri I gave an ear to your 
reasonings Jb.32,11 (=]\tNK); "l^.^ 
f\\r\ p2>'j-':?? |\rp falsehood giveth 
ear to a mischievous tongue Pr. 
17,4 (='[\tt<.a). 

]TK {sf. •'Jm;'rZtt. n:JJN) f. ear. 

]TN (from | P ; sf. T] Jt.^?) to. girdle 

for weapons. 
"II^jI rilJTX py- n. a city in Naph- 

tali Jos.19,34. 
n'ltAZ' ]T!s' pr. n. of a village IChr. 

^3TN JJr. n. m. 

n^JTX pi' n. TO. 
t: — : 

pTS; see p.t. 

1TX ifut. 1t«:.; s/-. ^Jp.r.x:) tj bind, 
to gird T]''J.op itN^ gird up thy 
loins Jer.1,17; Tvil l:3J3 XriTS 
do gird up like a mighly man thy 
loins Jb.38,3; '^^n ntf< ni^a>?J those 
who stumbled girded [themselves] 
with strength IS.2,4; pt. p. lltK 




Niph. I^^.j. to be girded. 

Pi. IIN to gird, to arm with 
nnp?' ''J'lT.b'J;!: and thou has girded 
=''Jlt^'pV— ''tlJ.b'P ls.50,'ll perhaps 
■■=''!]i.P, from rr^f. to spread. 

mthp. 1;t^!nn to gird or arm one- 
self VNOD 'V he girded himself 
with strength Ps,93,l. 
S;'i"lTJ< (=?^i'1t) f. arm Jer 32,21. 

rriTK (c. nnj^') m. i^ a native tree 
]^4H n^TK? like a green native tree 
(\. e. like a green tree in its native 
soil) Ps. 37,35.— 3) native, home- 
born, indig,enous "IJIHI mWH a 
native or a stranger Lev. 16,29. 

"TTlTX pair, of 'iri''N Ps.89,1 and of 
|!3''n 88,1 who descended from PI l.t 

na I. (c. '•riN ; sf. •'CIN' , Tj^pK , T'riN 
or in^pN , etc.; pi. CnX , c. W) m. 
1) brother, relation. — 2) preceded 
by ^''N the word Pit? denotes: the 
other '1''I1N"7X tJ>^K one to another 
Gen.42,28;1''nK"nN tJ>''« one another 
Ex.10,23; T'tlN-':>j;n tt'''« one from 
the other Qen. 13,11; Vri^ ^''^ Zch. 
7,10 one against the other.— 
3) num. ^inw one, some one nB>SJl 
n^ND nnxp nX and he doeth some 
one. of these things Ez. 8,10. 

nX Ch. (pi. sf. ri''n«) TO. brother. 

nX 11. /■- flre-pot, chaflng-dish. 


nX mferj. ah! alas! woe! 


nS III- ™- meadow; only pi K'''1Sn 


D''inS 1^5 though he grow luxuri- 

antly between meadows I-Ios.18,15 
nj< (only jiZ. D^riN) m. owl, 

iN^^< pr. n. 1) a king of Israel IK. 
T : - 

16,28.- 2) a false prophet Jer.29, 
21 =OnN V.22. 

T V 

anX see axnN 2. 

TV "^ • 

nnj^ a. nnX (.c. nnN ; once ^Hj p2. 

TV - " 

C'lnN ; /■. nnN , ^ nnsj) mtro. l) one; 
"usually following the noun 12?37 
in^ one flesh Qen.2,2i, rarely pre- 
ceding it tl'SJ iriK one person Num. 

31,28, but ■iK'/'ins , f. ■n.'wv nnN 

(eleven) always preceding. — 2) the 
repetition of^n^' without a conjunc- 
tion has a distributive meaning: 

ntaao nnx n^'B'j nnx s'2>j one 

V - • TV • T T %• • T 

prince each from every tribe Num. 
34,18, nn« "insS one by one Is.27, 
12; nnx'? nnN (adding) one to one 
Ec.7,27. — 3) of a person; one, 
someone, somebody ""?< nn»^ ^'S.'^ 
nfl'O and one went out into the 
field 2K.4,39; nV7\ nns* one of the 
people Gen.26,10, !i>ng nn.S a holy 
one Dan.8,13; Hri'^.Tl?! ... n'ni< one 
another: ^^^'^■n^: "in:;? iSM and 
one smote the other 2S.14-,6; 1511 
nnXTiN; in and one will speak to 
the other Bz.33,30.— 4) only one 
niJI nOb* n^T an evll, an only evil 
Ez.7,5.— 3) alone l\n«ip nns< i? 
I called himalonels.51,2.—'bVnnK| 
arfy a) together ini<? '^njjn '73 the 
whole congregation together Bzr. 
2,64. b) alike D^aiQ nn[<| Dn\:?> 
both of them are good alike Ec. 



11,6.— 7) nns ai». a) but one 

iT'Dn'? iriT rinx there is but one 
law for Mm, to put Mm to death 
Est 4,11. h) once DinB* vh\ nnx xS 
not once nor twice 2K.6,10; with 
3:atonce, alike l"???;! Iiyni. T\my\ 
they are at once brutish and foolish 
Jer 10,8, 

n. n'''inx i) the same nnx n2ti> 

Cnnj, C'l^"!' one language and 
the same words Gen. 11,1; with h: 
as one TjTa D'^nnxS 1\ni and they 
shall become one in thy hand Ez. 
37,17.— 2) a few DnnK D''lp^ a few 
days Gen.27,44. 
IIIX ('(iera. from ing) to unite; only 
once mt'h'p ''inNnn Ez.21,21 unite 
thyself, gather strength (.of the 

VPti^ to adhere {in the Mishnah Fi. 
nn^X to unite, to sew together). 

t|nX m. -(^ meadow Gen.41,2.— Z) bul- 
rush, reed-grass Jb.8,11. 

l^nX i»-. «. w. lChr.8,6 =''nK Gen. 

'■^JO^ (from nin ; sf. ''0;D«) f. dec- 
laration Jb.13,17. 

ninX (from nnx) f. brotherhood Zch. 

IlinX i)*-. w. w. J.Chr.8,4 =iTnK v. 7. 

n^inX Ch. (c. n:in.N) /■. solution, ex- 

TT -; - ^ ■ 

planalion I'T.''0^. ^lllflK solving of 
riddles Dan.5,12. 

IIPIK 1) m. (pi. c. I'linS; sf. ''linx, 
t^iTli'lti) back-side, rear ^linx 

||2*i2n the back-side of the taber- 
nacle Ex.26,12. — 2) adv. a) back- 
ward, back linx 1'litJ they are de- 
parted backward Is. 1,4; "1111X3 
mri3K?) he huldeth it back Pr.29, 
11; of time (with Sj: in the future, 
hereafter llnx'? ni»0^? '^^ events 
that are to come hereafter Is.41, 
23. 6) on the outside, without Hiinj 
linxi D''03 written within and with- 
out Bz.2,10. 

ninx (_sf. loins;, T]oinx., etc.; pi. 
nr^m , «/". rn^ox) f. i) sister nx^ 

ninx^l on a brother or on a sister 
Ez.44,25.— 2) female relation Jb. 
42,11. — 5^ companion, mate ''Oinx 
''Oi^l niy sister (i, e. my compan- 
ion), my beloved Cant.5,2. — 4) 
preceded by n|>X the word Dinx 
denotes: the other ■':'X T]f^ rilin 
nninx coupled together one to 
another Ex.26,3. 

THX (M- tnx'' , \n:^^\ 2 hm, t.nxn ; 

once 3 f. tnnj) 1) to lay hold of, to 
seize, to grasp iniX 1triX''J and 
they laid hold of him jud.12,6; 
. D''Sy^ IjS ltn§ seize for us the 
foxesCant.2,i5; f^fn ijrnx a mort- 
al tremor hath seized on me 2S. 
1,9.— 2) to hold, to handle r0i 
Gen.25,26 holding on to; nO"l tnx 
who could handle a spear 2Chr. 
25,5, with |0: to take out THX inx 
D''2>arin"|p one taken out of every 
fifty Num.31,30.— 3) to fasten, to 
gird pa \'73n| )\m fastened with 
cords of fine linen Bst.1,6; "i.nnx 
^"30 girded with the sword Cant' 

T T 


3,Bi ifnt^jl.flin^lD 1B''J; let them 
shut the doors, and do ye fasten 
[i. e. bar) them Neh.7,3. 

Niph. tntj;. , miii (fut im^) i) to 

be caught, to be held fast tQ^'.J. 
?|3p3 was caught In a thicket Gen. 
22,13. — 2) to take possession of, 
to settle in n$-1tqNJ 1^« whereof 
they had taken possession Jos. 
22,9; nn 1tn«.*J and they settled 
there Gen.47,27. 

Fi. pt. tnSD to cover, to close 
«B3-''JS tD^P'lie oovereth the face 
of his throne Jb.26,9. 

Hoph. pt. t^^(D to be fastened 
CtTOO NDii? fastened to the throne 
TnS pr. n. 1) a king of Judah 2K. 

T T 

18,1. — 2) a person mentioned in 

n-THK {c. WriK; sf. iriTClbl) f. posses- , 

■"friX P'''- »■ "*• 
^irftriN pr- n. 1) king of Israel IK. 

22,40.— 3) king of Judah 2K.8,24, 

for which 2Chr.21,17 tHNin^. and 

22,6 in;-!!??. 

QTnS pr. «. "*• 

T ■• -; 

fl-tnX j?>-. n. m. Gen.26,26. 

TlX i""- '»■ "*• ^) * person mentioned 
in lChr.5,15.— 2) another person 

TIX pr- **• "*■ ="'^'^^ 1 which see. 

DS'nX pr- n. m 
ST • -; 

^T'HS Ch. ipl. \ym f- riddle. 

rrnX !»■• w. rn. of several persons. 

in'nX pr. n. m. =nTlS lK.n,29. 
IT- -; 

n^rrrix pr. n. m. 

ITlN pr- n. m. of several persons. 

n^rrnx pr. «. ■>«. 

i^lU'iflN Z"". »■ rn,. of several persons. 
IITHX pr- n. m. of two persons, 

n1D^^x pr- «. »». 

TT^DTIX pr. n. 1) priest of ij IS. 

|viv ■ -; 

21,2.— 2) another person 2S.8,17. 
'IDTlX pr- n. m. 
{'VCnX pr- n. 1) father-in-law of 

Saul "lS.14,50.— 2) son of the 

priest Zadok 28.15,27. 
ITIX pr- n. m. 

It; — 

i'lynx pr- n. m. 

TT • -; 

nrrnx pr. n. >. 

TlCCnX pr. n. m 

ITS^TlX pr. n. m. 

DpTlX pr- n. m- 
iT ' -: 

□THN pr. n. m. 
yiTlN pr- n. m- 
"in5S'"nX pr- n. m. 
"ItJ^TlX i""- ri. m. 

T • -; 

^ShNIX pr- n. an ally of Absalom 

^triX pr- rt- of a city in Asher 

^^nX, \'^nS inter j. Oh that! would 

that! K''n|n \:sh ■'ing \':nt( oh that 

my lord were before the prophet ) 




2K.5,3; •'J'll lh\ ^S^.^« Oh that my 
ways were flriiily directed! Ps. 

"'pnx 2"" J*- "*. 

nCtTiN f- amethyst ("precious stone) 

Ex 28,19. 
NPcTriX F'- n. Egbatana, capital of 

Media Ezr.6,2. 
'2DriN pr. n. m. 

^^N (fut. inX'') to remain long, to 
Stay IV^'Sn ]P "inTJ he remained 
out longer than the set time 2S. 

20,5 (=inx'i), nriy-ny ins^i and i 

stayed until nowGen.32,5(=^^f^*^;p. 

Pi ins< (fut. in^^) ;) to lag, to 

tarry, to delay, to be )atei?nD 
VnuS-lD 'py? n.p^ why lag the 
wheels of his chariots? Jud,5,28; 
IdSe'S inNri nh thou shalt not 
delay to pay it Deut.23,22, inS'. nh 
iNj2>^ he will nut delay | repay- 
ing] to him that hateth him Deut. 
7,10; pt. DTC' ■'HnN't? ye who are 
late in sitting 'Ps.l27,2, nnt!P 
P|tt*il5 that are late in the twi- 
light Is 5,11.— 3) to detain ''« 
■'niN linNJI do not detain me Gen. 

"inx if. n-}n^; pi. D'^im, f. nnnw 

adj. 1) other, second, following.— 
2) foreign, strange. 

*in^S (c. ins ; pi c nnK , sf. nnt? i 
^'^nx , vnnx, onnns) /) m. Wnd- 

part, back-part.— 2) adv. a, prep. 
behind, after; ''inND from behind; 
]?. "ID«< , 13 ■'!inf< after that. 

]nnX if- HJinnK; pi. m. D''Ji"iqy) adj. 
hinder, later, last; njiinKS at last, 
subsequently; ^Ji^^'^5 ^^ '^^ ^^^' 

mnX pr. n. in. 

nnX Heb. see IHN , 

''nriS'Ch. (s/-. |1nnn.K) jprep. after. 

V"inX Ch. adj. last, latest. 

I ■•t;t 

n''~inX /' i) utterm st part nnnKS 
PJ in the uttermost parts of the 
sea Ps. 139,9— 2) end HJf D'ln.K 
end of the year Dout.11,12; T*:? 
JT'IDN ^^l^'^*'^D declaring frcm the 
beginning tlie end Is. 46, 10; Hj'!'' .nt' 
n"1D her end is bitter Pr.5,4.— 
5) last period of time, future 
D''P^n fT'l.nxa in the last days, in 
the future Gen.49,1; ls.2,2; nfl^ 
rPpril iT'^nx 05.^ to give you a 
future arid hope Jer.29,11.— ■ i) 
posterity ri''"l?riS innnN ^r\\ let 
his posterity be [doomed] to cutting 
off Ps,109,13. 

nnnS Ch {. end. 

]inX Ch. ad), other, strange. 
ri'JinX adv. backwards. 
iB'nJJ^nX (only -d. ■C.^'j^'yWXm m 

It--: — ; - . : : 

satrap, Persian governor of a pro v 
E-'^lt^'riX pr. n, of several Persian 

kings (in Dan.9,1 Cyaxeres, in Ezr. 
4,6 Kambyses, in Est. Xerxes). 
^"ipnH Ktib Est. 10,1 for E>\Wns, 

nri&'nx pr- n. m. 

• T : — ; 




pPpnii I only pi. CJ'iriB'nS) m. 

royal c.urier. 
nnX f- of ^^^i! , which see. 

i^a (sf- ^tax) m. whisper, stillness, 
slowness, softness, gentleness, con- 
venience; with S. softly, gently ''D 
DK'? DV'/HH riSa^n the waters of 
Shi'loah that flow softly Is.8,6; 
"I5?l.'2 '"r ^i^i gently [deal] fur my 
sake with the young man 2S.18,5; 
''mh n'^n.J.riK l win lead on at my 
convenience Gen. 33,14; £2kS "lill 
1\12'V and the word softly (in a 
whisper) spoken to thee Jb. 15,11. 
PI. D''t2K whisperers, enchanters 

'7J3S '«• thorn-bush. 

T T 

p.tSX "i- yarn. 

Dtax fpt Dt?iK ; pf. p. niDK , pi. a■'f^^m^ 

to close, to slop up. — Hiph. (fut 

DDS^) to close. 
I^N (/wf. 1?2l!'.l) prop, to bind, hence: 

to close. 
1C2X (from 1QN) adj. bound, tied, 

lamed iJ"!?; HI "IBK lamed in his 

right hand (\ e. left-handed) Jud. 


■•S (c. of .TKi where? sf. HS*.^ where 
art thou? i*b' where Is he? D>S 
•where are they? etc. ilT ''^^. which 
one? who? njO ''« whcrefrom? ■">< 
mi^ how then? 

"X I- (P^- Q".^ ' om=e ]■':!!! Ez.26,18; 
c. ''*i}) »»• coast-land, island. 

•"K 11- (only pi. D^.K) m. jackal. 

\»< ill. adv. no, not, un- ''TJ'V^ un- 
clean (guilty) Jb.22,30; "1^3 "'X no 
giory 13 4.21. 

'X IV. mierj woe! oh! f IN if^'^^ woe 
to thee, land! Kc 10,16. 

3''X (pt. yt() to be an enemy ''MINI 
7|''5\X"ns and I will be an enemy 
unto thine enemies Ex 23,22; Tip 
nrriN 31N hlH^ and Saul was 

•TV " T 

David's enemy IS 18,29. 

•"l^X) in. enemy. 
n^^X (c '"13\'?) « enmity, hatred. 


n^'N («/■- 'ri?l*<) /• enemy. 

TX (4/. iT'?? , QST.'^) '»■ misery, 

misfortune, distress. 
n'X /'• ■') vulture— 2) pr a. m. 

n*X «dy- where? =■'« ; ^j'^lDn TN 
where are thy kindnesses? Ps.89, 
50; n'N Dn'7'2 Sin nTJ he wan- 
dereth for bread [saying |, Where 
is It? Jb.15,23. 

m'X P^- "• "*• Job. 

^2T^X P^- »• wife of king Ahab IK. 

nT''X — >"'.l \^ - see "i^. . 

7t''X udv. how? 

nD\s adv D how? T]3 n^e*; n$iN 

how doth (the city) sit solitary? 
Lam.1,1.— 2^ where? nyin HD^I 
where thou feedest Cant. 1,7 
(-jjiX 2K.6,13 (Kri ir\!<) rtrfw. where? 
=13''N 2. 




n:3D\S* (irom "'«. a. nD|1 adv. how? 
%"l^«-'1 bsiX nn3''S' how can I en- 

• • t; - T T •• 

dure to see? Kst.S,6. 
^'X w. power, Strang; h P3.SS,5. 

^\S (c. '^'N ; t)J. □''S''X , c. ''7>') m. 

IJ ram. — i) lintel, pilaster. — 3) 

iiiigb y one, grandee Ez. 17,13. — 

4 1 srong tree, oak, terebinth. 

"P'S Sdo '?:«. 

t)\>* ipi. n\".;:i<1 m. Stag, hart Is.3J,6. 

n7\S a. m:« (c. n'r^N ; pi. ni'?'^' , c 

ni'?':K) /•. hind, gazelle ng-c* n^;.K 

a fleet hirxj Gen. 49,21 la<.i;. Sept. 
= -':;^B> nS-N'a stietihedoak; see 
'^,K')iJer-14.J;Ps.29,9;Cant.2 7;^j. 
ofa char .ning woman: D"2~« nl^.JK 
a loving hind Pr.5,l9; of the rising 
sun: *lWn nSjK the hinj cf the 

dawn p8.21,l (name of a poem to 

the measure of which the psalm 

was sung). 
"I'TN Ec.4,10 = 1^Nif; ace. Fuerst = 

iS •'tj woe to him ! (see \S' IV.). 
])Ti^ V'- »»• 1) a city in Dan. — 2) a 

/iiy in Zebulun. 
]1'7\Nt pr. n. 1) aHittite.— 2; a judge 

of Zebulun.— 3) a place in Dan. 
nl^^X J""- w. sea-port of Edom. 
ni'7%*< f- strength, power. 
a^'7\s' see n'7\(< . 

nfn (pi- D"'si:"'s , D''?S^: a. nis^N) 

«i, cornice. 
D^'SP''. n. a station of the Israelites 

in the desert. 
]7'S Ch. TO. tree. 

n'7'X see ni'7\N'. 

n^'N see njpix. 

D'S (/■. na:K) afZj. terrible. 

f. terror, fear. 

D''D''X 1) terrors, idols Jer.50,, 
38. — 2) pr. n. the original inhab- 
itants of Moab Deut2,ll. 

1\S* I. adv. where ? T/! I? whence ? 

rX II. 1) pron. nothing, naught |)Ni 
as naught; ]JK7 to naught; ],"'N5? 
of nothing. — 2) adv. (c. j^X) there- 
is not, there is no, not, no, with- 
out ]JN n^l there is no strength 
Is.37,3; X'.i nsi and if not Gen. 
80,1; "iSCa |''t< without number 
Gen.41,49; lOT ]\N* nothing Ex 5,1 1; 
"r'a 1\J>I nothing at all Num.11,6; 
'^ 1\S:' there is not ti me, i. e. I 
have not Lev.11,10.— ]\:<3 there 
not being: ni^^nri |»3 when there 
were yet no depths Pr.8,24. — 
iV^'? almost, nearly: n?St^ |;b'? 
■'Ttl'X my steps had nearly slip- 
ped Ps.73,2.— |\sS a) to him to 
whom is not (for ]\« '^.t^N^) Is. 
40,29. h) until there is not: \'vh 
K31D until there was no cure 
2Clir.21,18.— ]•';;» a) forasmuch 
as not: T]iD3 ]\N'P forasmuch as 
there is none like thee Jcr.10,6. 
h) because th re is nrt, for v/ant 
of: DipD \\':^_ for want cf room 
Jerl9,ll.— 4/. ''3A\N I am not, 
I am no more, TlJ\fit, ?]:\S thou. 
art not, l^..^.'^, D5';>!, etc.; "'jJ\^ 
|niJ I do not give'Ex5,10; Tirsrt 
nx"i soest thou not ? Jer 7,17; ibrx 
Ps,73.5 for D^N ihey are not. 

]\v{ adv. (=.]'N) not riiS t:'; !"'}>' is noi 
here? IS.29,9. 




nS''X (c- riB''>5) f. measure of grain. 

riS''J< odu. where ? 

NiS'N a<^w- now, then, consequently. 

B'^X (p?. ni?>a«, c. •>5i'^« from t^*^JK■. 

rarely D''^''^) m. i; man, male 
T\W\ t^^ man and woman Ex. 
35,29; ine'N'l B*"iN male and his 
female (of animals) Gen.7,2; J^H 
D"'?'j«. male child IS.1,11; used in 
apposition with other nouns to 
indicate the gender; D'''1D t!*''X a 
eunuch Jer.38,7; K''pJ t2>''N a proph- 
et Jud.6,8.— 2) husband ''a'''« 
nj? my husband is dead 2K.4,1; 
r]i:i5.>lt2>n ?]??''!< b|<1 and for thy hus- 
hand shall be thy desire Qen.3, 
16. — 3) man, human being l^^^ol 
nnna *I3J1 against man or beast,7; □"?-*;?< DVl n''ll':« DS? with 
God and wiLli men Gen,32,29.— 
4) member nf a race, inhabitant 
of a place 'tN^E') B>^N a man of 
Israel, i. e. an Israelite Num.25,8 
(in IS. 17, 19 used collectively for 
Israelites); "^vhi \C'J(< men of Gile- 
ad, Gileadites Jud.12,5.— 5) used 
in construction with other nouns 
to denote the qualifications of men: 
lis !1'''K man of wickedness, i. e. 
wicked man Pr.6,12;D''P'5 tr''K man 
of blood, i, e. bloodthirsty man 
Ps.5,7; nnri/i? tr'^X man of war, 
i. e. warlike person, warrior Ex. 
i5.3; T^f^'^^T} ^''^ man of the soil, 
:. e. husbandman Gen.9,20, — 6) 
any man, any one, anybody, some 

one, somebody B*''^ \F\\ DK if a 
man (some one, somebody) were 
to give Cant.8,7; negatively: no 
man, no one, nobody t2>''^ ]^[< there 
is no man, i. e. noDody Gen.31, 
50. — 7) every one 13DD £*''« every 
oneofusGen.23,6;i3'in tl*''K every 
one his sword 34,25; tJ>''« 13''SE'iJ 
^naO and they cast down every 
man his stafi'Ex.7,12; in this sense 
!l*''^* is sometimes repeated: '^''i} 
inps'^SO ^'^^ every one from his 
own work Bx.36,4; tr''N1 t!>''N |1yi3 
according to the pleasure of every 
manKst.1,8.— 8) with PN, UT' 
n''»y : one another Tins ^^» rani 

. T • T . - t: 

the evil of one against the other 

Zch.7,10; in.v^^ ^m B^^'a a>''%t 

man against man and one against 
the other Is.3,5; "n^ ^''» IJln vh 
^r\'^'CiV. ye shall not overreach one 
another Lev.25,17; also of objects: 
in.V:] nxnpS inn? 2>\^ each piece 
one opposite the other Gen. 15,10. — 
9) used impersonally; "IDK ri3 
U>''Nn thus a man (una, people, 
they) used to say IS. 9,9. 
nK*3-5J?iX pr. n. a son of Saul 2S.2.8. 

Tjn2'''i< pr. n. m. 

]%"'Vi (dim. of B>^[<) m. 1) pupil (of 
the eye). — 2) middle, darkness 
n^^S iiE-'iK? in the middle of the 
night Pr.7,'9. 

1IJ.'''S» ^r. m. m. lChr.2,13 =:^f^.. 
]1n^X »»• entrance. 




in''N Ch. (=Heb. tl';.) is, tlwre is ''n'^N 
13il there is a man DaT.5,11; S'^ 
Vi'iVs there is ik t 2,10.- s/' r]r!''N 
thou art, XJiTX we are, ]^yrj^i< 
ye are, etc.; '7n3 T|riiN'n art th ju 
]''n7S we are n t serving 3,18; 
yynV. l '^WX ye are ready 3,15 — 
7 ''r!''is' some one has: TQ ''H^i} thou 
liast Ezr.4,16. 

"'iT'X pr. n. see ^rjX . 

^STTN pr. n. m 

Qri\^J pr- n. m. ^=DnN , which see. 

li^n'S P''- «■ a son of Aaron. 

T T • 

]ri\S' sf. 1jr|iK ; pi. D''jn''K) n. a. adj. 
1) firmness, strength jri^N'i -tt'rij 
intl'l^and his bow abode in strength 
Ge'n.49,24.— .3) poet. Tvck D''Jri''t<i;! 
f!!^ ^TtP^O ye roclies, foundations 
of the eaith Mic.6,2 — 5) of waters: 
height, overflowing D'H iti"1 
^jQ''?!'? and the sea returned to its 
height (cr overflowing! Ex. 14,27; 
D''Jn\'>'n m^ the month of the ovcr- 
flowing of rivers (=na*n) IK.8,2; 
adjectively: ever flowing ]r)\^ '^flJ 
an ever flowing brock Am. 4,35; 
\~!^^ r^inj ever flowing rive "s Ps. 
74.15. — 4) violent, mighty .3''11 
jiTN VD^y and the strife of his 
bones is violent Jb.33,19; ]n\!< ''i:i 
a mighty people Jer.o,15 (others: 
ancient people). — 5) pr. n. m.; see 

nX adv. 1) surely ciSb ei'lD ?1N surely 
he hath been torn in pieces Gen. 

44,28,— 2) only, but DySH r]« only 
this one time Ex.10,17; N\n ■'^N n3 
"^m na k'? ■?lf< she is the daughter 
of my father, but not the daughter 
of my mother Gen 20,12. 

ISX P»'. n. t.f a city in Babylonia 

2T.3X 'from iT|) HI. failing brook, 
deceptive spring N7 D^D JOS' IDS 
IjDSJ as a deceptive spring, as 
waters that are not reliable Jer. 

.3''TiX pr- n. 1) a city In Asher. — 
2) a city in Judah. 

1T.3N adj. 1) hold Jb.41,2.— 2} cruel, 
merciless.— 3\ destructive E'XIl 
"lOiS D^jnS and the destructive 
venom of asps Deut.32,33. 

''^TOX adj. cruel, merciless. 

n^npN f cruelty. 

n'p'DN f- eating, food. 

JJ^i^X pr. n. liing of Gath in PM- 
listia IS. 21, 11. 

"PiS" (M- '^JKV -^ '?.?«'• ; pi. iSdK'', 
^ I'rSX'' ; inf. SiDK , c. hili< , "'^JS) 
1) to eat DpS 'tdK xS he had not 
eaten any bread IS. 28,20; with 3 
or |P; to eat of 7\t2r\'::2 '72N hH 
I will not eat of thy bread Jud. 

13,16; h^ni ijn yj nsa of the 

fruit of the trees ■ f the garden 
we may eat Gen. 3,2; with 3 some- 
times: to enjoy n3iB5 'tDX kH he 
hath never enjoyed any happi- 
ness Jb.21,25;i}«. '^'D'iN he that eats, 
eater: '^DSa KV^ 73iKna out of the 




eater came forth food Jud. 14,14; 
O'ilV.p'? D'^?iNn those that used 
to eat dainty food Lam.4,5; tnf. sf. 
^il^P TlbD^| Dii| on the day that 
thou eatest thereof Gen 2,17.— 
2) fig. to devour, to consume S'sn'? 
di)Jj| to devour the poor Pr.30, 4; 
Wii nS?N inin^ his young men 
the fire devoured Ps.78,63; flN 
,T5^*i'« n.^3ix a land that coii- 
sumeth its inhabitants Num. 13,32; 
•^'nn "'^iJS the heat consumed me 
Gen.31,40; ''jn^^t! 7\ri''2 mip, the 
zeal for thy h use hath devoured 
me Ps.69,10.— 3) to swallow, to 
seize greedily D.':?«l. Tlil^T ISVPJ 
when thy words were found I 
greedily seized them Jer. 15,16. — 
4) to swallow up, to take away 
space ninD D'«i:3'<r)N l*??!^ •'3 for the 
corner-pillars took awaj' part of the 
space from them E/.42,5 (.=l^?N"i). 

Niph. h^g: (fut. hD^,)) to be eaten, 
consumed, devoured t2>''"1| 73{<i'l 
and stacks of corn be consumed 
Ex.22,5; i"lB>n iVn "^SK'! and halt 
of its flesh is consumed Num.12, 
12; l'73«\ ?i:!??i« S| all they that 
devour thee shall be devoured 

Pi. '?3l< to consume W in.:; ■ -"i 
nSi'XS a flre not urged by blow- 
ing will consume him Jb.20.26 

Pu "^SX to he devoured, con- 
sumed' I'^SSJI 2'yn ye shall be de- 
voured by the sword Is,l,20; pt. 
h5H 1JJ1N noom but the thorn- 
Qush was not consumed Ex 3,2. 

Siph. ^■'pMH (fut. S'tJNl) 1) to 
make eat, to give to eat in7.''3tiO 
2.D.7 give him bread to eat Pr. 
25,21. — 3) to cause to enjoy 
TJ^'iK ipv_: rhni ^''Clb^Sni and 1 
will cause thee to enjoy the in- 
heritance of Jacob thy father Is. 
58,14.- Si?n^ Ez.21,33 for '?'<3Nni7 
to cause to devour or destroy. 
^JK Ch. (fut. hl^Hl) to eat; see 

al'so pp. 
^DX {.sf. i'7?!<)m. 1) eating.— .2; food. 

b^ii ) ■ 3X pr. n. m. 
^ ': '' '' 

rfiia f. eating, food; with 7 it is 
t: T : 

also a verb: n^5N7 for food, for 

eating, to eat Jer. 12,9. 

"jDN o,dv. 1) surely, certainly. — 

i) but, however. 
f]iX prop, to burden, hence : to 

urge in''£i T^^ t\:y^ his mouth 
urgpth it on Pr. 16,26. 
t]2S {sf. ■'S?K) m. burden Jb.33,7. 

'l.SX (= >"1^|) to dig, whence the 

next word. 
13X {pl- Dni^jni. ploughman Is.61,5. 

fits'* JX ?»■•«• acity in Asher Jos.12,20. 

^X 1) w- nothing, nought '■^S DB'^'l 
■'11715 and make as nought my 
woid Jb 24,25 — 2) adv. not; yet 
not mrr^^ do not Gen.22,12; 
n^'1.^ '^^ I will not see 21,16; ""^X 
inn'Nilet there not be 13,8; h^ 
■^riN yet not my brother! 28.13,12.— 
3) no ri1S"7N no death, immortal- 
ity Pr.i2,28; D^p^X (=Dlp-'7N) no 
withstanding, no resistance 30,31, 

bX I. {sf. -iSs ; pl. Dib«) m I) hero 




mighty being D^Jl 7X the mighty 
one of the nations Bz.31,11; 'I^N 
C'liSJ the mightiest of the mighty 
32,21.— 2) power n; hti'p tJ*;. it is 
in the power of my hand (i. e. I 
am able) Gen.31,29.— 3) God hii 
D'h» God of gods Dan.11,36; hl< 
■'•W God, the Almighty Gen.48,3; 
C'PN \;3 the sons of God (i. e. 
angels) Ps.29,1.— 4) adjectively; 
mighty, lofty Sx ^HIH lofty moun- 
tains Ps.36,7; % UIK tall cedars 
^{< II. (def.h^n'\'^^ these. 

b^ ipoet \'?.S ; sf ^^N , V^N , Qi;;i\'?«.' 
poet. iC'.^K) prep 1) to, unto "IDNII 
n:i3J-'7N nniDK and Abraham said 
to his servant Gen.24:,l; n^i3n"|D 
nSiin ^^ from end to end Ex.26, 
28; nipi'n-Sg W| reacheth unto 
heaven Jer.51,9; "'Sk NJ'DDg take 
them unto me Gen. 48,9.— 2) for 
nrja Sikb'"'?^? weep for Saul 2S. 
1,24 ''rhhBm hp "iSJin '?l< for this 
lad did 1 pray IS. 1,27.— 3J near, 
at •'niDK-Sh' ''niN lIJi? bury me 
near my 'fathers Gen 49,29; D'5B»Ti 
]n'?2>n-'7!< sitting at the table IK. 
13,2b— 4) with, together with 
htf'W'', \J.3''7« npiSB*n made peace 
with the children of Israel Jos. 

11,19; niin-K"? nnins-'rx nm) and 

a woman together with her sister 
shalt thou not talce Lev. 18,18.— 
5) in, into '\:ih-h^ 35fS?n;i and he 
was grieved in his heart Gen 6,6; 
^"i^1?B>-Sk into thy gates Deut. 

zi,l— 6) among D'-S^n-S^ sara 

he hath hid himself among the 
vessels IS. 10,22. — 7) against 
'75n-'7t< p.jini^^and Cain arose 
against Abel Gen.4,8. — 7N is often 
connected with other prepositions, 
as: ]''5-'7Nbetween Ez.31,10; finn-Sg! 
under IS. 21,5; nfj"7tj! over against 
Num.8,2.— With*?^ have also been 
formed some adverbs, as: DJ^"'7^J 
in vain Bz.6,10; p3J"7^ for certain 

K?X P^- w. m. 

E-'^iJlbX (from tt>'iil with Ar. def. 
art. "^K) m. ice, crystal. 

Q''015'?X see n^iip'rx . 

Tn'rX pr. n. m. Num. 11,26. 
T : V 

^S?'i'7^^ pr. n. m. 

— T ; V 

,"l9X I- to swear, to conflrrp by oath 

tJ.'n3l n-N to swear and lie Hos.4,2; 

n^%' rixi nnd thou sworestJud. 17,2. 

Biyh. n^N- {fut. ay. '?^*J from 

n^N^ ; m/'^nibsn, sf. iri'^so^) to 

cause to swear, to confirm, to 
swear IS.14,24; IK 8,31. 
n'pX II- (= ''^Si ' ''5^) to lament; 
only imj). f. '^^N Jo. 1,8. 

nhm [sf. \-:^« ; 'pi. ni^K) f. oath, 

.curse Gen.26,28; Num.5,27. 
n'i'X f- oak Jo8.24,26. 

T — 

n'7X 1) f- oak.— 2) pr. n. m. 

T " 

n^S [def. n.f Kn) dem. pron. pi. these. 

VI" ■•■I'"' 

n'7« see niS.K . 

n'7X Ch. {def. «n^K) to. God. 
Tv: •''■•• / 

n\i':N see nibN. 
"Ubii Ch. awfer/. behold t 

^biji conj. if. 

rt1'7N (mth pref. hi i)i}b., with 
pref. h and sf. iri'^K^J) m. God, a 
god ni'Pt<. njHNt ^"if^l^ from my 
body 1 shall iDehold God Jb. 19,26; 
IDJ.niSK strange god Dan.11,39; 
iri'?t<5 ^na it this is Ms power unto 
his god Hab.1,11. — 

PI. □^ri'?K (c, i^'7.55 ; sf. IJ-irt^K , 
etc.) i; God, the only God 

nB>|-SD^ nim-in irt":).^ the God 

of the spirits of all flesh Num. 
16,22; Kin n''!?>nj5 D^ri':.^. he is a 
holy God Jos.24,19. — 2) gods, 
godlike beings, angels ''rnOX 'JX 
DJJt< D'Tl^i? I have said, Ye are 
gods Ps.82;6; D'^Sij; •'^''N'T. D"'ll'7.« 
fTl^iJ"!'? I have seen godlike be- 
ings ascending from the earth IS. 
28,13.— 3) gods, divinity \rt'7N-S3 
D''Si'?«. d''Brn all the gods of'the 
nations are idols Ps.96,5;axia \'l'7.t? 
the gods (divinity) of Moab IK. 
11,33; I'^in^V "d'^.?. l^ir^Wi Ashto- 
reth the divinity of the Sidonians 
IK.11,33.— 4; judges ]irt?T.1?'S 
C'd''.'!? whom the judges will con- 
demn Bx.22,8.— 5) adjectively: 
high, lofty, great J^'I'ID D'll'^N-ID 
a lofty moiintain is the mountain 
of Bashan Ps.68,17; D''?''?.?!. nn[l 
great terror Gen.35,5. 
h'Vii w. 1) the sixth month of the 
Hebrew Year (corresponding to 
September) Neh.6,15.— 8) Ktib 
Jer.U,14 for '?"''?.«. 

25 "rrrbx 

i) oak, terebinth. — 2) pr. n. m.; 
pair. ^!h^ . 

p'?}< (=xh^) m. 1) oak, terebinth.— 

2) pr, n. TO. 

fj^'j'X (sf "'?l'?!< ; pi. D^SI^N , c. •'BI^N) 
TO. jy tame beast, lamb, ox, cow 
(seetl^K). — 2^ friend, companion, — 

3) head of a family or tribe, 
ty^l^X pr. n. a station of the Israel- 

ites in the desert Num.33,13. 
nl^X see ni'7\l< . 

T T ; V 

n^K iVzp/i. n2S3 to be corrupt, to 
get spoiled. 

"■pX see "^Ij* . 
3X vN P^- n. m. 

T • v: 

'^X^'PX pr. n. m. 

nrS''9N pr. n. m 
T IT • v: 

IT'^X py. n. TO. 
T • v; 

VT'^X pr. n. TO. 

'^ tt; V 

n"7X f- tail (of sheep). 

T : - 
n'9j< pi'- »''■ of the prophet Elijah 
and of other persons. 

iT- • 

•IiT'^X pr. n. m. 

X^n'''7X pr. n. TO. 1) ancestor of the 

prophet Samuel. — 2) a friend cl 

''TS^IiT'^X pr n. m. 
"'J^l?1"''Pi< pr- «. TO. 

T : - : V 

^■"•^X (pi- D'''?''b.5?) «*■ V false god, 
idol '^''^.i^n ni2'?pp idolatrous 
kingdoins"ls.lO,l6;' W^^i} n^':"'^.!< 
dumb idols Hab.2,18.— 5) useless- 
ress, worth' essness -'''7.^. ''N'SI 
useless pliysioians Jb.13,4, 

TI'^Ct'N pr. n. m. 

"f^S Cb. dem pron. pi. these 
►1D''9X pt"- n. m. 
1Ty9X i""- "■ ™- 

T • v; 

T2*'7S pi~ n. 1) a son of Esau. — 
2) a friend of Job. 

T'S'''rx p''- "■ ™- 

T • V; 

1-li't'X I"'- w. m. 
IS^'^X !"'■ "• w- 
Xp^t'X pi"- n. m. 

It • ■■•; 

Q''D''^X P*"- >»• of a king of Judah 

I • T : V 

(^□''p^'in^) and of other persons. 
,"IJJ?^^X P^- «• son of Javan. 

T • v; 

1?^!2'"'^X pr- n m. 

3''ti"''?X pr- n. m. 
* T : V 

ytt!2''^'7X pr. n. m. 

- T T • v: 

yiT'^X pj". «■ of the prophet Elisha, 
'■seiple of Elijah. 

26 p??? 

!D£JJ'''9X p»". M. w». 

I (T* v: ' 

Tt'^X Ch. ietn. pron. pZ. these Xpil 

T|f .X these men Dan 3,12. 
y^'ti^ (= 7T) to lament, whence th« 

next word 
''^^N inter j. woe! Mic.7,1. 

a'^X Niph. Dis.4 (/■■«<• d!:«\) to be 
tongue-tied, to be dumb ''^?^.^!3 
■iSTiriES X7 I was dumb, I opened 
not my mouth Ps.39,l0; njpS«D 
ip.^* ^tm let the lying lips be 
made dumb 31,19. 

Ft. pi- D.^:p to bind C''D'?_P 
C? ??. binding sh aves Gen 37,7. 

Q'PX «»■ This word is of doubtful 
signification; the best Hebrew 
lexicographers take it tn mean; 
dumbness, silence pl^ □._.[< DjP^lI 
I^IS'^O do ye really speak the 
silence of justice? Ps.5S,2; ^^. n_.i^ 
b'^fi'm. the d ve of silence in re- 
moteness 56,1 (.this is supposed 
to be an allusion to Israel who 
is symb Used by a dove). 

Q'!'X (pi- Cl''!?'?^?) aAj- dumb, mute. 

n'7X see dHs . 

r \ ^ 

a'pX see □^■'N. 

■*■ " . 
CJl'S'r'X m. pi- red, san<i^l- wood. 

ne^x («/■. "'0?'?^. ; pi- ^''ft,^. , n'is':^.) 

f. bundle, sheaf. 
nlO'rX pr. n. m. 
'n*?^'5X P^- Yi' of a city in Asber. 
ID^X adj- widowed, forsaken. 
]b?X m. 1) widowhood.— 2) =XfO'\^ 

T T : - 

27 T^lPlbN 

palaco (pi. niJOS^) D'".'< ilJi'l 
Vnijl?':!*? and Ja^ckals shall howl 
In their [desolat ] palaces Is. 13,22. 
nip'pX (pi. ni:D':K) f. widow. 

n^ijD'^S /'.wiijowhocd nniJo'-K nja 

T ; " T : . ■ ; • 

the garments of her wid whood 
Gen.38,U; ni>n niJD'?« in widow 
ho. d during their entire life 2S. 

''j!D'^t< "*• a certain one, some ons, 
one not named,' always preceded 
by ^i^f . as: iJd'^X ''ihsi DlpD in 
such and such place 2K.6,8. 

■jl^X Ch. see j^!?S . 

D17J'!'X pr. n. m. 

It t : V 

'ID^S >""■ w. of an Asayro-Babylc- 

't T V 

nian country*. 

T ; V 

nni?'7X pr. n. m. 

TT : V 

X'^r'^N , nhV^a pr. n. of a ciiy in 

ntJ'y'^S pr. n. m. 

fh'ii, [fnt. "^ -«..;) to learn fl'2>?ri"13 
Vn'rTlX lest-thou learn his 'ways 

Ft. rp,^ (fut ei^.X; ; pt. ^l^b'!?) to 
teach; riOpn r\Si'^m I will teach 
thee wisdom Jb.33,33;nil2n.5D1iS^O 
fix wh ) teacheth us more than 
the beasts of the earth Jb.35,11 

Hiph pt. fl''^ttt? to bring fortn 
thousand sniS'^'^t'D IjJiNVour snecp 
bringing forth thousands Ps. 144,13 

F|bXC^ «1^«; sf. •'S^N; du. n's\^;pl. 
D"'?^X, c. \S7K) TO. ij family. vriDPi 
Cl5\9?«bl i3?''t?-?'.-'b according i" 
your tribes and families 18.10,19; 
n^JD3 Hn ■'sSs- my family is the 
weakest in Moiiusseh Jud.6,15.— 
2) a thousaud: du. two Ih.usanfts; 
pi th lusands CiTJB f^S' a thou- 
sand times Do ut. 1,11, 't^inj? nicn.-3 
f]^S' the cattle u;ion a thousand 
hills Ps 50,10; tl'\N' D^S'yb' two 
thousand men Ju(i.20 45, ntl'DH 
D''3;t< five thousand 20,45; ''S'.K 
n^^T thousands of myriads Gen. 
24,60.— 5y only f)Z. cattle, cows, 
oxen □''3'!^;1 Hj'S sheep and oxen 
Ps 8,8; T|^|ii« •i:^' the increase of 
thy cattle D'eu!.7,13. 

tl7X Ch. (.def. NS.^') m. thou-sand, 

t2^3>S* see D.,^;^.^. 

f*9X -P2 r*?.^ If* press, to urg:, tu 

]S"i^X ;»• M. ™. =]?"r'~^- Num. 3,30. 

□'Ip'^X (from -X and Cip) m. no 
rising iSl) Dp . S* Tj^.D a king against ' 
wh .m there is no rising (i. e. an 
irresistible king) Pr.30,31. 

nJp'^X pr. n. m. 

''^'p^X gei^- cf the prophet Nahum 

after his Lirth-place t2>p^N' . 
T'Pln'r'X pr. n. a town in KJmeoD. 




npri'T-'N pr- n. Levitical city in Dan. 

fpn'^X i""- "- a town in Judah. 

ON {sf. ''?X ; pi. niJSl;!) f. 1) mother, 
ancestress. — 2) princess, leader 
'^ST^^;? DS a mother (i. e. a lead- 
er or princess") in Israel Jud.5,7. — 
:i) chief city, mother-city Di^l Tiy 
a city and a mother (i. e. a mother- 
city) 28.20,19.- 4i head, com- 
mencement Tinn DX the head of 
the road (cmss-road or parting- 
way) Ez.26,26. 

QX ainj. if, when DX... dX whether.. 
cr; Ui}"\V until; xb'Dis' unless; 
ns* or DNT is not? QS" ''0^3 ex- 
cept; DS' ^3 only. 

nsx Csf ■'Oi?^: ; pi- ninoK, c. ninp«) 

/'. niaid-serv8,nt, liand-maid. 

HDX (c. nsx ; dM. Q.^nas' ; ^L niss) /■. 
1) cubit, ell, elbow, arm £"'ls' n!3«3 
after the measure of a man's arm 
Deiit.3,ll;~3;V3 nasthe full mea- 
sure (if thy selfish roubery Jer. 
51,13; nininit^b' V^16 four cubits 
its bieadtli 3,11; IBI.S ''VH; CinSS 
two cubits and a half its length 
Ex.25,10.— 2) post, foundation 
Cepn nil3Sthe posts of the thresh- 
oldsls.6,i.— 5)mother-city,metrop- 
olis ^[■^^n i.riQ the bridle (i. e. 
the rule) of the metropolis 2S. 
8,1. (ace. some ns>?n JjlO is the 
proper name of a city). 

nSN Ch. {pi. ]''I2K) f. cubit. 

MSN (pl- *"iiSi:1 , D'^ipS) f. tribe, race, 

nm Ch. {pl. pi?^, de/. t<;ai<_) f. 

tribe, race, people. 

ninrjX pi. of HDN , which see. 

]1tDX w- 1) builder, architect. — 2) 
crowd, multitude (^|iDn Jer.52, 
15) — 3) pr. n. of an Egyptian 
deity at Thrbes, which city is 
therefore called ]iD^ NJNeh.3,8.— 
4) a person mentioned in Neh.7, 
59 =''K)^( Ezr. 2,57. 

ilOX, p.^' m. fidelity, faith 'iib D''J| 
D3 ]IpS children in whom there 
is no 'faith Deut.32,20. - pl. CJID.W 
(c. \410.^!) faith; adjectively. faith- 
ful D^jV^iS: V'^ii a man of faith Pr. 
20,6; hii'i^l \.5Wt? faithful ones in 
Israel 2S.'20,19. 

n31J2K C". rillSN ; sf. ''riJlD^ ; pl. 
nIaiCK) f, ;; truth, faith njIDN Sn 
God of truth Deut.32,4| DH njOKS 
CK'ly they acted in faith (hon- 
estly) 2K.12,16; niJIDK 'C'^if man of 
faith Pr.28,20; as adv. ]DN nJ1D« 
very faithfully Is.25,1.— .2J trust', 
office lChr.9,22. — 3) steadiness, 
stability 7\-r)i! nyDN the stability 
of thy times Is.83,6!' as adj. '^'n^;^ 
nJIDX VT and hid hands were 
steady Ex.17,12. 

pox P*"- «. father of the prophet 

^DX pr- n. see |il3^? 4. 

QifiX see DVS • 

jlrpX pr. n. diminutive of |i3i2N 1, 

which see. 
pQX arf,/. firm, strong. 

I'DK , «, 

T'pX »»■ 1) top of a tree. — 2) sum- 
mit of a mountain. 

'7DX in /M only pt. p. n^DK HD 
Tlfia") how hath thine heart lan- 
guished Ez. 16,30. 

Pu. S^DK {pt. S;ns* for 'J^PKI?) 
to fade, to wither, to languish 
•>:« SSds; I am withered Ps.6,3; 
'inV''. ■'IP!;! the oil is withered 
Jo.i,10; Y% '^Vt'?'? t^6 land lan- 
guisheth )s.33,9. 

'j^DS a^i- only jpJ. n''SSttt! weak, 

T •■ -; ^ • 


DDX V"- «• a city in Judah. 

jOX to be firm, to support, to rear 
up; pi. \^j^ he who rears up, a 
fosterer; f. fljISN she who rears 
up, a foster-mother, a nurse; pt. 
p. ]1DX reared up ll^Sin ''^5? CJ^O.^H 
they that were reared up on scar- 
let Lam.4,5. 

Niph. |a_S.; [fut. IDNV 1) to be 
firm IJpwni '<'' ''? for ye are not 
firm Is.7,9; pt. ID.K^, pi CJOtf^ Arm, 
secure, faithful jO.^i Q'p?? in a 
firm place Is.22,25; ' D'^JD^j.' I'^a^O 
his waters shall be secure 33,16; 
O'l"' 1?!.S^ one faithful in spirit 
Pr.11,13.- 2) to be fostered mpNn 
will be fostered Is.60,4.— 3) to be 
true D3''liT 1JP^!^ your words 
shall prove true Gen. 42,20. 

Siph. pj:S/3 {fvi. I^DSl, ap. 
]Stil} 1) to trust, to believe. — 
2) 'to stand still Jb.39, 24. — 
^J"'pt?0 18.30,21 for IJyS, see 


]DS Ch. Ap/». |D''n to trust, to be- 
lieve nnSt<3 jD'^n he believed in 
hisGodDan.6,24;jpi.i). ]D\nj: true, 

IKK w. faithfulness |l3i< HJIDN very 

]CN i) TO. truth ]aK ''rl'?^: God of 
truth Is.65,16. — 2) adv. truly, 

ICX m- artificer, artist. 

nJDK i) /■. bringing up nJDW in 

T ; T • . * . 

bringing up, under guardianship 
Bst.2,20.— 2) adv. (=DjPK) truly, 

indeed ^0«^n ''^^^ '^i^k^ ''""'y ^ 
have sinned Jos.7,20. 

nJON f -'l covenant.— 2) pr. n. of 
a ridge of the Antilibanus.— 3) 
pr. n. of a river (Ktib nj^K) 2K. 

nJDN /■- only^pZ. nijpN pillars, col- 
umns 2K.18,16. 

llJHX i"*- «• i) the eldest son of 
David 2S.13,1.— 2) another person 

QJOX, DJl?** adv. truly, verily. 

nJGX f- foster-mother, nurse (see 

Y^a <M- f&^v^ -° "^8 strong, cou- 
rageous fDSl i^in be strong and 
courageous" Deut 31,7; ''ilSD 1V!?N 
they were stronger than I Ps.l8,lS. 
Pi. (■*£« (fut. f SK^) to strengthen, 
to fasten, to harden ''S'ia? DJV^titl 
I will strengthen you with my 
mouth Jb.6,5; h'JQ^ D^pnf iV)?N? 
when he fastened the skies above 




Pr.8,28; Ti:3i':-nK f^Nil i<h thou 
slialt not harden thy heart Deut. 

Hiph. fid. f DK^ tj show courage 
T|37 {'D!i2 let thy heart show cou- 
rage 1 .-,.27,14. 

Hithp. f'axnn to show oneself 
strong, to strengthen oneself, to 
make speed, to persist fSK'On 
ri'l'^i!!? he made speed to get up 
IK. 12, 18; nttl ^'''^ '"iJ'^^'Oi? she 
was persisting togoR l,18,1VaKri'1 
D573n"1 ,i? and they strengthened 
themselves against Rehoboam 

f^J^X adj only pi. Q^VP><. deep-red 
(of a horse). 

f*CX »»■ strength, boldness. 

Hi'fJS' f- strength '-au^'' ■'S HTOSI 
nT.n^3 D.T^'Ti! the inhabitants of 
Jerusalem are a strength (i. e. a 
strong support) to me through the 
Lord Zch 12,5 

''^^X i"". n. m. 

n^^DX pr- n. of a king of Judah 
and of other persons. 

IDN {M- 1 s. inx , 2 s. laxn , 3 s. 

1DX'' ; 2 pZ, npxn , also llph 2S. 
19,14, with 1 conversive 'IDN'J ; 
uerfe. n. liDX. , s/" "IDN , with prcf. 
^b^l , Ib^i ; mf. with '7 iDN'S) 
■0 ''5^' 10>< he said to me Gen.31, 
29; r)"^aN1. 131 speak and say Ez. 
29,3 — "lOSj^ signifies-, saying, as 
follows, thus ibs'S Dn\'^« -|3Tj 
and he spoke to them saying (1. e 
as follows) Jos.9,22; ibis'^ ipxni 

and she said thus 28.20,18; once 
(Jer,3,l) 1DX5 signifies: so to say, 
for example. — 2) to think ^D^<''J 
niSnS and he thought to slay 2S. 
21,16"— 3) to command N'^in": 1P« 
he commanded to bring Est. 1,17. — 

4) to appoint 17 1DK Ctrfp, he ap- 
pointed him victuals lK,fl,18. — 

5) to call, to bear the name of 
niStO: 7\^1& they call thee (or: 
they bear thy name) for an evil 
purpose Ps. 139,20. 

Niph. ID!?! (fut. 1DX1) to be saio, 
to be told, to be called 10K?. |5"'^?? 
therefore it is said Gen. 10,9; ID X>J 
in''"!': "^i?'? and It was told to the 
kingof Jericho Jos.2,2; IDS';. ti>il[7 
17 he shall be called holy Is, 4, 3. 

Hijili. "l^psn to make say to, to 
promise ril.DSn nlHITlS' thou hast 
made say to God (i. e. thou hast 
promised God) Deut.26,17; njnn 
t]'!^?.':'.'!] and God hath promised 
thee 26,18. 

Hithp. 1J?f<rin to boast, to brag 

n.^ ''hys ^2 n'sK'n^ all the workers 

of wickedness are boasting Ps. 94.4. 

laX Ch. (inf. in«a , IttD) 1) to 

say. — 2J to command. 

*10X isf- n!?i< ; pi nnnK , c. npist) 

m. 1) saying, utterance, word ^IDK 
ngX words of truth Pr,22,21; na^r 
*1ga* beautiful words Gen. 49,21 
(ace. Sept. = "ISB* n;Di< beautiful 
boughs; see H^^K).— S) appoint- 
ment ilOK ^^D.J the heritage of 
his appointment (i. e. appointed 
unto him) Jb.20,29. 
"nSX Ch. (pZ. ]^1t?N] w lamb Bzr.6,9. 




'lt2H P'>'- **• w- 

^J2X »*• word, urterance, declaration. 

mCN (c- rilOK ; sf. iniD« ;i)i:. niios, 

c. nilDh!) f. word, utterance. 
'''1DX gent. Amorlte (name of a 
Canaanite tribe). 

iT'lDX a. in^"lOS i^r. w. w. 

7£^SX P"- '*■ s, liing of Sliinear. 

Z'!2i^ m. 1) last night, preceding 
day, yesterday tl'ptj ''n??"^ I lay 
last night Gen. 19,34,— ',9) niglit, 
darlcness nKb*!?! HS'iti* ti'D^! dark- 
ness, ruin and desolation Jb.30,3. 

nOX isf. inpW) f. firmness, truth, 
faithfulness, integrity. 

rnn^N (.pi- c ninripb') f. bag, sacJi. 

TlGX P^- **■ f".tiitr bf i n.phet Jonaho 
Mr.DN Cli. adj. /. LctoLg, powerful; 

oihers: dn i;dfiil D: u. ;. 7. 
^S adv. whither? |^^"^?? until when? 

how long? 1^'?? whence?— With n 
loc. n^« whither tjH^ HjN* whiiher 
shair'l go? Ps.139,7; njKT.n;N 
hither and thither IK.2,42. 

IX pr- n. see ]ii< 4. 

XJN , i^i^. Ch. i^ron. I nJK ''JO from 
myself Ezr.7,21. 

X3X inter j. I pray! 


niJS Ch , see iS . 
niX fl'^w-. see ]i< . 


nj{< I- to sigh, to lament, to mourn. 

nm II. Pi. nJt< to cause to come, 

^^ ^ ' ■ L 

to cause to meet 11^^. n|*>' t'll'TN'n 

God let it come into his hand Kx. 


Pu. n|!< to be brought tn, to 

befall, to happen Tl^^N n|ts;o f*"" 

ni'T no evil shall befall thee Ps. 


Hithp. niNriri to sock occasion 

(for a quarrel) ''': S'lH ni«OP he 

seeketh occasion f. r a quarrel 

with me 2K.5,7. 

^J.S* see i:njx.. 

]13X Ch. (/■. 1\jK) pron. they. 

5J.''13X TO. 1) ma.i, mankind tl'ij.« nnKI 
^31JJ3 it is thru, a man mine equal 
Ps.55,U; IJTlStn ■'3 ti'ijf;-^.^') what 
is man, that thou reincmberest 
him? 8,5. — 3) coll. nicri, <: mmon 
people n}2r\ Di:^. n"'.i.1 rJTJei na- 
tions know that they ars but men 
Ps.9,21; W^i:^. t^Tina wild the style 
of the common people (i. e. in 
common writing'' Is.8,1.— Q^ti'jNi 
the pi. cf ti"^* , was formed of 
ti'iJi! . 

tifMii P^- n. a grandson of Adam. 

njX only Ni2A. njiS'.; to sigh, t( 

-T ' ■" 


nnjx (sf. ''iTiniXipL nin>:, 9f. M'm;^ i f 

T T -; ^ • 

sigh, lament. 
Xjn^X , njnjK Ch. prow. we. 
^jnJX pron. we; abbreviated ^jPIJ' 

once IjN* Ktib Jer.42,6. 
mnjX pr. n. of a town in Issachai 

^JX pron. cono. I sometimes used 
for emphasis after nouns and 
verbs with the pronominal suf- 
fix''"; "'JN ''n'lPN I said, even I Ex. 
2,1; "'JN'DJ ''3^ my heart, even 
mine Ps.33,15, ''JK-DJ ^J5"]|l bless 
me, even me also Gen.27,34; DlfH 
''JX \Jrip? did ye fast for me, even 
for me? Zch.7,5, 

■''JX m. coll. ships, fleet. 

iT'JS {pl ni>JK) f- ship. 

T- r; 

rfJX f lamentation. 

flyjX pi', n. m. 

T\iii w- pliiniiuMt, plumb-line DDin 


TjJX a wall made by a plumb-line 
^^JX pron. com. I. 


pX only Hithp. pxriH to cjmplain, 

to murmur. 
D3I^ tj'*- DJX) to urge, to compel. 
03X Ch. 1) to compel.— 2] to trouble 

TI^ DJS' S'^ tl'S^I and no seciet 

(x "T T T r: 

troubleth thee Dan. 4,6. 
PiJX (fut. '\j^.''..^ to breathe heavily, 

to be angry.— Hithp. f]A^'rin to 

be angry. 
fl]X Ch. m. only pl. ]''S:b' (sf. \'liE^J<) 

n£JX /'■ parrot, heron. 

T T -; 

p3X (M- p'J.^'v) to groan, to sigh. 
Ntph. pJKJ to sigh, to mourn; 
imp DT p.J^D mourn, be silent 
(i. c. mourn in silence) Ez.24,17; 
■;-. n^'pJNljM' Cn^.^jr] those who 
sigh and who mourn 9,4. 

52 e]PN 

nj::JX ici^pM) f- 1'> sigWng, cry P8.79, 
II. — 2) spdcies of reptile, lizard 
Lev 11, 30. 

^•JX to be fatal; only iJf.i?. l^U^ -t<3 
dangerous pain Is. 17,1 Ij C'1j'*< D1^ 
fatal day Jer. 17, ]6, - Niph.fut. 
tt'jN"'. to be danger^-usly ill. 

55' JX, ti' i.!? Ch.(,d«/'. ^^j^<.;i3^. CB'JW.) m. 
man tl'^K 13 son o man Dan. 7, 13. 

nriJS Oh. pron. m. thou, 

IWJX Ch. pron. m. pl. you. 

XDX pr. n. of a Idng of Judah and 

T T 

of another psrson. 

•n^DX m. vessel, flask |5E* H^DN' oil- 
flask 2K4,2. 

jlDX "*■ hurt, mischance. 

'l^DX (P^ D''TlDM) w. bond, fetter 
TlDS'n iT'S Jer.37,15 or DillDXH ni3 
Jud. 16,21 fetter-house, i e. house 
of imprisonment; once D^TIDH n''5 
Ec.4,14. See also "IDS'. 

f1''pX ni. ingathering time, harvest 
eiwn Jn feast of harvest Ex.23,16. 

T'DX {2^?- D''"l'?>!') m. prisoner. 

TES "f. 1) prisoner. — 2) pr. n. m, 

QDX m. tonly pl. CiDDKl store- 
liouse, granary. 

^JD^> pr. n. m. 

123DX pr. n. of an Assyrian king 
or dignitary. 

nJpX pr- n. wife of Joseph. 

fjpX ify-t 'p^.\, sometimes f\DH'' or 
contracted f]D'' ; fwi. 1 s. a. j)f. f|gX ,• 




sf. "^Spw: , ;^?pi<) /; to gather, to 
collect nyn-nx fp^_ gather the 
people together Num 21,16, nSDKI 

^^4": ^"'^ '''^01' 'wil'^ gather in thy 
corn Deut.11,14; with h»: to re- 
ceive into, to take in ""^X inSD«J 
'1C''3 4^^^ and thou shalt receive 
him into thy house Deut.22,2; with 
7X or 7j? before ni^Ni : to gather 
to, to cause to come to "SjJ T]SpN 
^'Di^^. I shall gather thee to thy 
fathers (i. e. I shall cause thee 
to diol 2K 22,20; before nriV or 
j;"T.ilfa : to recover, to heal inEDNj 
inyiVD that thou mayest recover 
him of his leprosy 2K.5,6; fjDXI 
J^liVaT and he will recover the 
leper 5,11.— 2) to withdraw f'DN 
V(V withdraw thine hand IS. 14, 
19; QH-IJ 12DN Cjis the stars with- 
draw their hrightness Jo. 2, 10. — 
3) to take away, to snatch away 
■'OflG''"!?? D'd''.?. ^D« God hath 
taken away my reproach Gen 30, 
23; ]\V)^\ nnn fpp^ thou takest 
away their hreath, they die Ps 
104,29; ^T} ''SpN snatched away 
by hunger Ez. 34,29. — 4) to he 
deprived of, to lose T]tyS3 nriSpNI 
and thou wilt lose thy life Jud. 
18,25. — 6) to close up a march, 
to hring up the rear rPiT; li.D3 
;]5P«^ the glory of God shall be 
thy rear-guard ls.58,8. 

Niph. ^pNJ 1) to assemble, to 
be gathered n^ipsn s^DXT nr the 
time that the cattle should be 
gathered together Gen.29,7; «1DX.^ 

VniiN"?!!? he was gathered to his 
fathers (i. e. he died) Jud. 2,10.— 
2) to be withdrawn, to withdraw 
e]pN;, xS ?inT thy moon shall not 
withdraw Is, 60,20; Tl'l.irn-'^^: iSDNrt 
withdraw thyself into thy scab- 
bard Jer.-17,6; n^nsn-btj n^Dcips.'i 
and Moses withdrew (retired) into 
the camp Num.11, -SO. — 8) t) be 
taken away, to pc'rish lpn"^K?jt< 
D^BDKJ the merciful men perish 
Is. 57,1. 

Pi. IpN (pt. e]PMIi2) 1) to gather, 
to collect in^ON'' V?pKp they that 
have gathered it shall eat it Is. 
62,9.— 2] to receive tlpSO tyi>!"]\« 
nri^Sn ^riiS there is no man that 
receiveLh me into his house Jud. 
19,18.— cipN'O rear-guard Num.10, 
25; Is.52,12. ' 

Fu. fJON' to be gathered. 

Hith'p. f|p>(rin to be gathered 
together, to assemble. 

flDX P'"- 1- of a singer and poet in 
David's lime and of another person 

*]DN (only pi. □''SpXi m. store, pro- 

flpN (V^- c- ''Spl^' ™' ingathering, 
harvest Y)[i ^SP^' harvest of the 
summer fruits Mic.7,1. 

nSDX f- assembly, heap, 

T " -; 

n3DX (only pi. DiSpN') f. assembly 
(of wise men) n'SpN ^"^3 men of 
the assemblies. 

flpSpK ™- rabble, mob; flpSDSH 
'Num',11,4 for eiPPDKT, 



i^nSDX Ch. adv. speedily, quickly 
12il.r)] W"?SD« let it be done with 
speed Ezr.6,12. 

XjISDS i""- «• of a son of Haman. 

1DX (M. "iD^iV -iDN,:, sf. 'in^r.ipx^i; 

pt. p. '^ffi^^ ; inf. a. imp. 1DJ!) 1) 
to bind, to fetter; "lIDS prisoner 
Is i9,9.— 3) to harness ciQl"' n'DN.p 
iM31D and Joseph harnessed up 
his chariot Gen.46,29; TV IDS 
harness up [thy chariot] and come 
down IK.18,44 — 3) to begin, to 
ioin nanSen 'iDS"'-"'D who shall 
begin the battle? IK.20,14-.— 4) to 
hind by 'it2fpyhv IpK ibs^ to bind 
himself by a vow Num. 30,3. 

Niph. fut. "IDS)', to be bound, fet- 

Pu. 1DX to be taken captive 
TIDS' riE>(?.P they were taken cap- 
tives by the bow Is. 22,3. 
IBX (c. IDS') m. vow, obligation. 

T • 

IDX (sf- i^5x-"^ "*• '^''^i obligation. 
"IDX Ch (c. ID5? , def. NpD^:) w. pro- 
nrr^pX pr. n. a king of Assyria. 

iriCX J""- "■• f- Esther, a Jewess 
who became the wife, of the Per- 
sian kingXerxes (trnv^nv) Est.2,7. 

J?X Oh. {def. av^) m. wood t^Heb. 

nX i- Ifor ^Jf< from ?):(< ; sf ■>£!« , 
TjSN, iSN) TO. J; nose flN'n "'DtJ 
nose-ringsls 3,21; I'lG f]Na swine's 
snout Pr.11,22; iSN niJ? accord- 

ing to the pride of his nose, i. a 
his haughtiness Ps.10,4.— 2^ anger, 
wrath f|K . ys a man given to angei 
Pr. 22,24; i£t< 'I^Q his wrath was 
kindled Jb.32,2; 7\m 'l^'Vl doth thy 
anger smoke Ps.74,1; fjS' tjlh* slow- 
ness to anger, i. e. long-suffering, 
patience; TjSK tllS;S according to 
thy long-suffering Jer.15,15. 

Dm. D:SN (c. W, sf ^''Bi<) i) 
nostrils l''£b'3 ns'l and he blew 
into his nostrils Gen 2,7. — 2) face, 
countenance n^1« □"'SN with the 
face to the ground Gen. 19,1; ''Sb'7 
nn before the face of David IS. 


25,23; TlSy nvn in the sweat ol 
thy face Gen. 3, 19.— 3) two persons 
CBK nnt? nJO a portion of two 
persons, i. e. a double portion IS. 
1,5.— 4) anger, wrath DlSXi vh] 
not in anger Dan. 11,20; D^sx' T]^« 
slow to anger, i. e. long-suffering, 
patient Bx.34,6; D^SX l^.;:; quick to 
anger, irascible Pr. 14,17. 

fix II. cowj. ij also, too. — 2) even 
13 fis* even if, the more;nNt ]\S f|S'n 
is it not even thus? Am. 2, 11. 

F]X Ch. conj. also. 

"ISX {fut. ISK';) to bind about, to 

- X • * 

i£X see niSK. 

rr^SX (c. niDXI f. i; binding about, 
girding iiTlSK Jtl'n his belt for 
girdingEx.28,s.— ^'j covering jTlSX 
T]5ni 0355 the covering of thy 
molten images of gold Is.30,22. 

ilBX is/. iJ"!£b'1 ™. palace. 


T T 



nrX (fnt. nSN"i) to bake; with sf. 

T T _ 

insru and she baked thereof IS. 

28,24; pt. HEX baker Q''St<n "^SJ* 

chief baker Gen.40,1, 
j\"ij3/(. /■«<. n^N^. to be baked. 
l£N , N''2f< see ^'iS>: . 
TJSX m. 1) ephod, upper garment 

worn by priests. — 2) pr. n. m. 

'p>£X adj. only f. pi. ni'?''B«. late- 

■ T 

ripening Ex. 9,32. 
D'SX see ^Ib* . 

m. 1) source D^D ^|TSJ<. the sources 
of water Jo. 1,20. — 2} bed, bottom 
D''^n3 piSfc! the bed of river.s Jb. 
6,15;'n^ip.'ii3N. the beds of the sea 
28.22,16.— .^/torrent,brookn''|-^SS:3 
iJ53 like brooks in arid land Ps. 
126,4.— 4) depth, hollow Q''|5''SN.'2 
niN"'J1.5l to the depths and to the 
valleys Ez.6,3 — 5) pipe, tube 
ntt'inJ ■'[^.''SK pipes of brass Jb.40, 
IS.— 6) adj. mighty, strong ''p.''9b'. 
D''^JD thi strong of shields, i. c. 
flrm^'shields Jb.41,7; D^p''?^. nitp 
the belt of the mighty 12,21. 

p'i£)X pr. n. m. see pSX . 

"rSX afij- dark, gloomy. 

t)£X m. 1) darkness SgN ]2^ the 
stone concealed in darkness Jb. 
28,3.~ 2) fig. misfortune. 

n^SX (sf. T^rhm.] pi- J^i'^s^:) f- 



pr. n. m. 

]£i< (only pi. sf. T'JSNj m. turn liT 
TiJSN ':SJ 1?n a word spoken ac- 
cording 10 its [proper] turns Pr. 
25,11 ( others: in its due time). 

|£:X see JSiK. 

D£N to fail, to end, to cease DSN 

f|5| the money faileth, i. e. it is 

all gone Gen.47,15. 

D£X (pi. c. ''pSX) m. 1) end, extrem- 
ity 'fllfj ''DSb' the end of the earth 
Ps.2,8.— 2JnothingD?«31 ]>'D VH) 
they shall be as naught and as 
nothing Is 41,12 — .3) adv. a. not, 
no one, no more: ^T^'^ C^'^ there 
is no one except me )s.45,6; DEHH 
tl'^K ~\^V is there nj one any more? 
2S 9,3; sf. ''DSy nothing beside me 
Is.47,8. h) only: H^s'-in nXp^ D?.f^. 
only a portion of them wilt thou 
see Num.23,13.— DSt<3 for nothing, 
without rp^ri CSKI! wilflouc hope 
Jb.7,6; "'3 D3S' only that, however. 

Dii. D'^pSN steps, ankles D^pEN ip. 
water to the ankles Ez.47,3. 

D'S"! DSXi"" n. of a town in Judah 
IS.17,1 =DV2l!!CS lChr.11,13. 

J?SX ("^ 3^3X1 TO. breath, nothing- 
ness V2t?D D3?1?S1 ];«g triK ye are 
less than nothing, and your work 
less than a breath Is 41,24. 

ni?£X "*• a. f. hissing reptile, ad 

der, viper. 
SSX to surround C^D V^SSt? the 

waters surrounded me Jon. 2,6. 




pSX only Rithp. pSNnn to restrain 
oneself, to subdue oneself. 

pSX pr. n. 1) a town in Aster Jos. 
13,4 =p''SK Jud.1,31.— 2) a town 
ea?t of the sea of Galilee.— 3) a 
towE in Issachar. 

npSX i"". n. of a town in Judah. 

1SX w*. ashes, dust; fig. nothing- 
ness "12><1 ISy i^jS 1 am dust and 
ashes Gen. 18,27, n?S' \7t»'p prov- 
erbs of dust, 1. e. worthless prov- 
erbs Jb.13,12, njK r})^'\ he pur- 
sueth dust, 1, e. he grasps at 
nothingness Is. 44,20. 

"ISX TO head-covering, head-dress. 

n'"l£N (pl- DTl'lS^) m. young bird, 

fflSX »!• sedan, litter. 

Q^^SX J"". «■ 1) the youngest son 
of Joseph who became the head 
of a powerful and numerous tribe. 
After the separation of the Israel- 
itic kingdom this tribe, with its 
capital Samaria, formed the center 
of Israel and Ephraim then be- 
came the name of the entire king- 
dom.— 2) a city 28.13,23 =Dns?? 
2Chr.l3,19 (see also mSt^). 

S^'mSN Ch. pr. n. pi. the name of 

"T ; — ; 

a tribe which was subject to As- 
syria Ezr.4,9; ace. to Rashi^K''D"lS 

S''JD1SX Ch. pr. n. pi. name of an 
Assyrian tribe Ezr.5,6. 

PTlSa pr. n. 1) territory of Ephraini 

Ps.i32,6.— 2) wife of Caleb IChr. 
2,19. — 5) a city in Judah, also 
called Dvh ri\3 , wherefore once 
nniDX C0 iT'S Mic.5,1. 

TllSX (pi. n^nis^) gent, l) an 
Ephraimite. — 2) a Bethlehemite. 

Qn£K Ch. income, revenue D'nSNI 
pjpnri D^^'fD and the royal reve- 
nues will suffer loss Bzr.4.13. 

11'3XX pr. n. m. 

nlj^^V^') f finger, forefinger, toe. 

ya^N Ch. f. finger. 

b'''m ipl- c. "''^^VK) m. 1) extremity, 
end n''„''V^??l and from its ends 
Is.41,9.— 2) noble pers:;n ''^''^ft' 
':N';ti>^ ''J3 the nobles of the chil- 
dren of Israel Ex.24,11. 

^'■'5? « (pl- D^'?''V« ' tih^'i^) m. 1) arm- 
ioint, knuckle, elbow D^T" ''^''':fi< 
arms, wrists, arm-pits. — 2) wing 
of a building; with n loc, rh^'i^ 
to the wing Ez 41,8 (Buxtorf). 

rb'^ti^ ipi. i^'h^'m f. ='?"^K 1. 

7'SX to put aside, to abstract, to 
take away; to refuse "|p ''/n. ^>?1 
nnn and I will take away some 
of the spirit Num.11,17 y^. h'^ 
Dn!2 '<rh-iii nS •'^'J ^"^S'B* wliatso- 
ever my eyes desired I refuse(3 
them not Ec.2,10. 

Niph. 7VN:j to be taken away. 

Htph. fid. "^.XKM (for h'^.^Zl) and 
he took away Num. 11,25, 



^yi^ {«/". ''!?vt?) w. 1) side :i^.|,n bv^a 

from the south side IS.20,41. — 
2) prep, hnside. near "i^VS!? from 
him IK.20,36.- 3)pr. n. '"^'SKri n"'5 
name of a place Mlc.1,11. 

t; — ; 

D^i< pr- n. m. 

mUXN / ankle-ornament, arm- 

IXX {.pt- l-f.^') to store up, to trea- 

sure up. 
Nipli. fut. 1VN.''. to be stored up. 
Hiph. to appoint one treasurer 

nnVlN-':!? mXlNiandlmade trea- 

surers over the treasuries Neh. 

I^X see 1Xi«. 


fllDH m. a glowing or sparkling 
precious stone, carbuncle \J?!< 
mj^S carbuncle-stones ls.54,12 
(from nnj^ to burn). 

IpX «■ roe, roe-buck. 

IK see 1i«. 

t'X'li^ (prob =':i«i1«., which see) 
w. valiant one, hsro, angel; oc- 
curs only In D^h'lb' their heroes 
ls,33,7. (D^S'ls; is the singular with 
sf. D ; it is given a plural mean- 
ing because it stands in the text 
with a plural verb. Some manu- 
scripts read this word D'^^S^S .) 

37 nB^J? 

2"1X (/m*. ^"^^H) to weave plots, to 
lie jn wait, to lurk ir!pt?3 ilj!.?. 
he lieth in wait in a secret place 
Ps.10,9; DT^^.^. lying in wait for 
blood Pr 12,6; ngt? b'J Unt<»1 and 
they lay in wait against Shechem 
Jud.9,34; pi. 31^ • ^1^^ lying !» 
wait, lier in wait, lurker (also 
collectively: those lying in waltj 
1tl>''nn Jtl^ni and those lying in 
wait hastened Jud.20,37. 

Pi. pt. ansa only pi. n"'5i«G 

liers in wait, lurkers. 
Hiph only avj for aiX.'J. to 

form an ambush. 
anX see i!!S . 
i"nX «• 1) lying in wait, lurking.- 

2) place of lying in wait. 
i'lK {sf. i3"iN) m. ambush, fig. plot 

ilX pr. n. of a city in Judah. 

^XlIX see b^y% ri\3 . 

r\y\ii (only pi. c. niiT?) f. plot, 

T : T 

intiigue (see ^IK) VT^^'^I^ the 
plots of his hands Is.25,11 (ace. 
Stb.: the flapping or swinging o'! 
his hands). 

nSnX w- locust. 

nSIX (pi. nblN) f. latticed open, 
ing, chimney, window ri3'1KD ]'^'1'2 
as smoke out of a chimney Hos 

13,3; nr;7^^ia'^.S b^. n''Ji"'3 like dovei 

to theii windWs ls.60,8; riia'^l,* 
D^Da>n the windows (i. a. flood 
gates) of hoaven Gen. 7,11. 
j^'13'lX pr. n. of a place in Judah. 




''3"l^< gent, inhabitant of i'lK . 

J>:31X num. f., m. ny|1.b' , c. ni'^IX 
four n^'P: ^^ai.X four women; n!?31Nl 
Cj^ four sons; sometlm:s used 
as ordlnar. J?31N fljC'? in the 
fourth year Zch./^l; t^•i^.^'^y|1^b'3 
on the fourth [day] of the month 

7,1.— sf. nny^ix , f. jriysis aii 

fourofthemEz 10,10.— du.h^nV^'^H 
fourfold.— pi d'ySI.J com. f,ur 
tens, forty. 
y3TS pr. n. of an Anakite giant, 
founder of the city V^'}i< Dllp af- 
terwards named ]i"llin Jos. 14,15. 

J'lN ifut. J'nx: , JIO to plait, to 
weave; pt. J^.K weaver D''J1.^' T'j!?? 
like a weaver's beam IS 17,7. 

j|"|K m. -?^ weaving, texture .3'lkS'n ir^ 
the weaver's pin Jud 16,14 — 2) 
weaver's shuttle jlS'^ilD X7p ''C 

vr • • I- -T 

my days rush away more swiftly 
than a weaver's shuttle Jb.7,6. 

ijl"li< pr. n. of a region in Bashan. 
T\^~]ii Ch. m. purple, purple cloth. 

(This word occurs also in later 

Hebrew for |D|1N') . 

Tint? TO- box, chest. 

IDiilN w. purple, purple cloth; see 

I T T ; - 

IIN pr. M. m. (=in« lChr.8,3). 
]1^1X J"", n. m. 
''T1X S'enl of n.lK Num.26,40. 
m« I. to pull, to pluck "'liO WIX 
I have plucked my myrrh Cant. 

0,1; n'll '''n?V''7| ni1^!1 and all 
who pass by the way pluck it (i. e, 
pluck the fruit from it) Ps 80,13. 

m?^ II. see I^J . 

^nX Ch. interj. behold! (=^biji,) . 

11~lX pr. n. m. 

'71";H pi', n. a Phenician island and 
a city of the same name. 

nnX gent, of nil« . 

''IIIX (/eraf. of nils* , 

n^llX (only pi. nns^, c. miK, ni^.^S ^ 

2Cbr.32,28 nil.lN.)'/- crib, manger, 
ni^i'lX f. restoration, recovery, heal- 

ing "ti'^ti'ri niDhS nonx nn'-i; 

there came restoration to the walls 
of Jerusalem (i. e. ihey were re- 
and the wcrk was restored 2Chr. 
24,13; nnVJl iTina ^in^lXj and thy 
healing shall speedily spring 
forth Is.58,8. 

nOPX pr. n. of a town near She- 

a''p11X Ktib for Q^tDinK 2K.16,6. 

]nX (.c. li"!^') m. chest, coffin, ark 
linN'3 n|>\''1 and he was put in a 
coffin Gen.50,26; nn.^iri ]n« ark 
of the covenant Jos.3,6; iinyn ]i"i,^. 
ark of the testimony Ex 25,25; ]ilX 
D"'ri7« the ark of God (containing 
the tables of the law) IS. 3,3. 

nJTlX pr. n. in. Ktib ruilX 2S.24, 
16 and ^;^^<. 24,18; identical with 
]J1.« lChr'.2l',15 a. 2Chr.3,l. 

T^^} to be firm; only pt. p. pi. DiJ"iK 
flrraly bound, packed Ez.27,24. ' 

nX C^n.X; pi. a'<m^ c. V-IKI m. 
cedar, cedar-wood. 

nnX /■. cedar-paneling, cedar-work. 

ITIN to -wander; ^f. np.K (pi. cniiO 
wanderer, traveller. 

h'lti pr. n. m. 

J)/, rinnx, c. nin-i^, ninis) com. 

path, way, manner ~\pTi WiA the 
path of righteousness Pr.'8,20i HIK 
CPI^l the manner of women Gen 
18,11; DSI.l nin-jN the paths of 
their way' Jb.6,i8; ^IiJ^niN rjlll 
the way of thy paths Is.3,12. 
n"l{< Ch, TO. way, manner; sf. njnniK 
pT his ways are justice Dan,4, 
34; nS ?;nn'lN-'73 all thy ways are 
his 5,23. 
nrriX (.pi. riirrii*) f. travelling com- 
pany, caravan lD''':S<ri2ti'''. nniN a 
company of Ishmaelites Gen, 37,25. 
(IITIN /". allowance pij. nniK allow- 
ance of herbs Pr.15,17; "Vm nniN 
constant allowance Jer 52,34. 
'"If? {pi. ni^5S, D'^nK) TO. lion n^s? 

fiinK or ni'i'lK 1U young lion. 
^ijCIN (from "'':« and "?«) to 1) the 
lion 'of God, hero 28.23,20 (ab- 
breviated .f?'!^, which see). — 
2) hearth of God, altar Kz.43,16 
(identical with 'PN'l.n Bz.43,15).— 
5) poetic name of Jerusalem as 
principal place of the sacred 
hearth Is.29,1 a. 2. — 4) pr. n. m. 



''1"''1X ^r. n. a son of iiaman. 
NriT'^N fir. 11. a son of Haman. 

T T • -; 

TV^ii^ »*■ lion Gen 49, 9 (identical 
with ilX, a later abbreviation), 

rT'lN only pi. nin^ , see nns . 

"nl^nX pr n. of an Assyrian King 
of 1p^^ Gen.11,1 and of another 

''p'''1{< pr. n. a son of Haman. 

?|1N ifut. tjix;., pi. 131.«1) tu be 
long, to extend l^n'lXS rijpixri.* 
and his branches Locame long, 
Ez.31,5; D^p>n D|* 1*7 tolN 13 wher 
the days there v/ere long to him, 
i. e. when he had been there a 
long time Gen.26,8. 

Hiph ri^ixn (fut. tl^Nl) I) cr. 
to lengthen, to prolong, to stretch, 
to aelay ri:in^p ''Jns.n lengthen, 
thy cords Is.54,2; T]^0;'nb' 'J^P^^.D] 
then will I lengthen thy days 
lK.3,14;litl*; lyim ...•'p bagainst 
whom... will ye stretch your 
tongue? Is.57,4; W^^ ?;n.!<n to 
delay one's feeling, i. e. to pro- 
long one's patience Jb.6,11; t]'''1Kn 
fjX to delay anger, i. e. to be 
long-suffering. — 2) intr. to be 
long, to extend; to tarry, to re- 
main long; to be prolonged 1 3 '' 1. (<^ J 
C'nan and the staves were long 
lK.8,8i |j;yri ?li1.tin| so long as 
the cloud tarried 'Num. 9,22; rinb!? 
ini?13 tliat remaineth long in his 
wickedness Ec.7,15; ib t]'''1«D1 and 
he remaineth long, i. e, he pro- 




longeth Ms life 8,12, p3"'']Kl ISJO"? 
t1\?]! that thy days may be pro- 
longed Ex 20,12; wilh D''D^ as accus. 
to prolong D''!?; ^"'IKn |5rD^ that 
thou mayest prolong thy days 

n'lN Ch. to be long; pi. ^li^X. be- 
coming, proper KID.?; ^J ' ^''"^S ^ ' 
it is not becoming to us to see 

Ij'IN (e. tlt?«J adj. long ISxri TJ^S' 
long of wings, i. e. long-winged 
Ez 17,3; est! T]^^* or f\^ ti;]S* long 
In anger, i. e. patient, forbearing 
(see also r|b'); HIT tl^X enduring, 
patient Ec.7,8. 

'j'lX (/"■ i^I'lS) adj- long, enduring. 

tj'nX I. TO. length. 

Tj'^X II. pr. n. 1) a city in Baby- 
lonia Gen. 10,10, according to some 
Afecca, on the boundary between 
Babylonia and Persia.— 2) a re- 
gion and city on the boundary 
of Ephraim. 

TT'IX (sf. i^l^'l m. length, duration 
iSlNTN T D^j and he measured 
its'length Ez. 41,4; CD; TT^X length 
of days Ps,21,5; DJSN' r\-)i< long- 
Animity, forbearance Pr.25,15 (see 

XilS', ngii* Ch. f. time, duration. 

^«n3'^X Ch. /•. l^nee. 

ni^X see HDIIK . 

X^13"lt< geni- inhabitants of tllK a 

••T : ; - *' • 

city in Babylonia, i 

^31X gent, inhabitant of ?])]X, a city 
in Ephraim. 

Q"1X (c. Dlt! ; highland, mountain- 
land) pr. n. 1) Aramea, Syria; DIX 
p^^l district of Aramea with its 
capital Damascus £S.8,5; n''3 Dl« 

iinn , N'ivjf Dii< , n^yio ois (see 

the last words)A DJinj Dlt?" Ara- 
mea of the two rivers, Mesopo- 
tamia Gen. 24,10, elsewhere call:d 
052? HP 25,20, also separately 
|3S'48,7 or nn^! Num.23,7.— 2) the 
people inhabiting Aramea, the 
Arameans D^S IDIj^land the Ara- 
means fled IK.20,20.— 3) Aram, 
son of Sliem, ancestor of the Ara- 
means Gen. 10,22. — 4) grandson 
of Nahor Gen.22,2L— 5) a person 
mentioned in lChr.7,34. 

jlO'lX {pi. c. nijDI.X) m. palace, 
castle (see also poSs*,), 

''BIX gent. m. Aramean, Syrian, 
Mesopitamian; pi. D''a'1ti>; once 
with the art. DV.2in 2Chr'.22,5 for 

D"'!?l^:^ ; f. n^siK . 

n^OIX ofZi?. in Aramean, i. e. in the 

Syrian or Chaldee language. 

''J^IX P'>'- n. m. 

I'lX J)*", n. m. 

p^ m. 1) cedar or pine. — 2)pr. n. m. 

nnJIX f. a hare. 
V IV :- 

pJ'lX i""- n. of a river which once 
formed the northern border of 

ny]X a. •(J']^* pr. n. m. — HJl^s; . 




j;']^ Ch. i; m. idef. K^")^) the earth 
(=Heb. {*5«).— S; atJv. low; with 
]Q lower than, inferior t]ja j;iN 
inferior to thee Dan.2,39. Proni 
this word has be?n derived the 
grammatical term J^l^O (=1^!]^;^?) 
which signifles: below, at the last, 
i. e. accented on tbe last syllable- 

''J;"1X Ch. /. bottom; e. tH^ niyisS 
to the bottom of the den Dan.6,25. 

IS'IX pr- n. of a city and a prov- 
ince in Syria near Hamath. 

^5^'J^B'^X P^"- «■ a son of Shem, an- 
cestor of the Chaldeans. 

J'>^ C" n^; with art. f-)«n; 
sf- ''Vl^ i pl- riiX'JS , c. ni'!f>s) f. 
1) the earth (opposed to heaven) 
&''aB''l ft)tj earth and heaven Gen. 
2,4. — .Sj land, country, ter- 
ritory DIl^D f'^lK the land of 
Egypt Gen.i3,10; T1V1N HD what 
is thy country? Jon. 1,8. — 5Pland, 
ground i''"|i'21 f '^.^ he gave him 
land IK.11,18.— with H loc. np« 
a) to the land jyJ? nV'lS to the 
land of Canaan Gen. 11, 31. I) to 
the ground nVIX inri'C*.':! and he 
bowed himself to the ground 18,2. 
c) against the ground nVT,i< t]n 
strike against the ground 2K.13,18. 

pIkS Ch. (same as > 1«. ; def. Np^lN) 

m. the earth. 
TIN! 6»'e*- 1 "Tl^l^i M- ^K^ 1 *• 

iIjN ; imp. li< , '"^fniS , pi. 'nX , 

^liK ; pt ItlH , ^i. ^. inK ; mf. 
'lilXI tO curse, to execrate TlllNI 
n5^^1^'^3 nx and I win curse (i. e. 
turn into a curse) your blessings 
Mal.2,2; nJ<K '^^^P-^'^ ^nd him that 
curseth thee I will curse Gen. 12, 
3; np Dyn-rifit ■'^"niX curse me 
this people Num.22,6; tilD ^N 
curse ye Meroz Jud.5,23; □i'' ''IIK 
those who curse the day Jb,3,8. 

Niph. pt. 1KJ to be cursed Mai. 

Pt. lit? 1) to curse iT^.I^. 1^'fct 
nin; which the Lord hath cursed 
Gen.5,29. — 2) to cause or bring 
on a curse D''^■!^'a^ dViT the 
waters that bring the curse Nam. 

Soph. fut. "IKI'' to be cursed 
INI'' "ixri "It'N.l and he whom thou 
cursest is cursed Num 22,6. 

tS'mX pr. ». mountainous district 
T T-: 

in Armenia, all Armenia. On the 
mountains of that region, accord- 
ing to Gen.8,4, rested the ark of 
Noah. The Persians call Ararat 
Kuh NiA, i. e, Noah's Mountain, 

11"1J«TO-. n. m. 28.23,33 =''1in in 

the same verse. 

{J>^S* Pi. B-'IN to betroth nm a>1K 

hath betrothed a wife Deut.20,7; 
ti>:iNjp nm a wife wilt thou be- 
troth 28,30; p'l'i2 ^'p TiT^^nKl I 
will betroth thee unto me in righ- 
teousness Hos.2,21. 

Pu. tJ»DN, pt. f. HE'INP to De 
engaged, to be betrothed nSlD? 

nB>5N-x'7 1^*^|. a virgin that is 

not betrothed' Ex.22,15. 
ri^'"lX f desire, request, prayer 

i\nsV nf"}^. the request of his 

lips "Ps 21,3.' 
n"lX see "liN 2. 

xric2'*nj;^'ix (also mt'-, pf ^") 

pr. n. Artaxerxes, the name of 
two Persian kings; a) Pseudo- 
Smerdis who, after the death of 
Cambyes (about 522 B. C), usurp- 
ed the Persian throne Ezr.4,7 a. 
23. 6) Artaxerxes Longimanus 
Ezr,l,l;8,l a. elsewhere 

{J-*X isf. WH, D;^^) m. a. f. Are 
Gen. 15,17; figuratively, a) heat 
of the sun Jo. 1,19. b) lightning 
Ex,9,23 a. Hi. 18,38. c) flame of 
wrath "£Ni nnn,-p t^N; a fire is 
kindled in my anger Deut.32,22, 
d/ fUme of war liatl'nD HNS'' tl'N' 
a fire, i. e. a flame of war went 
forth from lieshbon Num 28,28. 
e) glitter, shining t'N' ^JJNI stones 
cf Are, i. e. glittering stones Ez 

Ei'X Ch. {def. mi}) f. fire. 

{J*X adv. there is 28.14,19; Mic.6,10 
(=ti?.) . 

{J.\S Ch. [pi. ]''fi<^ m. foundation. 

"''732''X gent, of S3E>«. 
^r^tS'X F". M a son of Saul. 

42 nis'x 

^^'X "«. running down, descent (of 
water) D^SniH 1^'X the descent of 
the brooks Num.21, 15. 

T\TZ% (pi- riiiB*^., c. ni-ia'X) f. i) 

foot of a mountain, base. — 3) 
declivity, slope HJOSn rilti'X the 
declivities of Pisgah Deut.3,17. 

^1"^^'X pr. 11. Ashdod, one of the 
five principal cities in Philistia 
(=Azotus, now a village called 

"'II'^EJ'X gent, inhabitant of Ashdod; 
f. rini1t!>X a) female inhabitant 
of Ashdod. b) speech of Ashdod, 

rnSJ'X Deut.33,2 =m:'N* ^see mti'X) 
or =nT tl>« the torch or light of 
the law. 

riiS'kS (c. ntl*^; sf. \7lE*X, Tin'^>' or 
}\:^f^; pi. a^^:, c. ''S*J; once pi 
ni'iK Ez.23,44) f. 1} w'oman, wife, 
female nai? nnJ Iti'N na'NH the 

■ T • r -T V -; T • T 

woman whom thou gavest to me 
Gen. 3,12; na>K '71?3 the husband 
of a woman (i. e. a married man) 
Ex.21,3; :iX nm wife of the father, 
stepmother Lev.18,11; |n ng'X a 
woman of grace, a lovely woman 
Pr.11,16; '7:n n:?>: a woman of 
virtue, a virtuous woman 31,10. — 
3) with ninx or nWI it signi- 
fies: a) the one .. the other ntl'S 
nj^S N? nrili^"] one shall not miss 

the other is.34',i6;na* ? niin T^nn 

RgnN'^b' Ihcy shall be coupled 
t gether, one to another Ex. 26,3. 
b) every one nnJDS^D nm ^'■NL^'1 
and every shall ask of 




her neighbor Ex.3,22; H JK^P D"' V"??^ 
n^J^ rfe'K ye shall go out through 
breaches, every one through that 
before her Am. 4,3. 

ntS>X (c. r^m ; pi- c ''f N) «. burnt- 

ofFering, sacrifice. 
n''^!i*N Jer.50,15 Ktib for H W , 

T -; T . T 

■which see. 
]^^*X (only c. ]1ti*K ; same as ]iti>^K^, 
middle, depth ^^*n |1ti*.K3 in the 
depth' of darkness Pr.20,20. 

step, gait '''?.?T nm« ii.^'X3 on his 
steps my foot hath held fast Jb. 
23,11: ilg. moral path, conduct 
^^^'S'2 X'^l understandeth his step, 
i. e. his conduct Pr.14,15.— 2) a 
kind of cedar (^llt'^ip , which 
see) D"'1tl'N."n3 |t? ivory of cedar 
or ivory inlaid in cedar Ez.27,6. 

"i^.^X (sf. ''If K, iJp.Vii>«) m. =y\m 1, 

which see. 

■^tj^'X pr. n. 1) second son of Shem 
Qen.10,22. — 2) ancestor of the 
Assyrians and the Assj^ian people 
themselves.— 5) Assyria (also 
including Syria, Babylonia, and 
Persia).— 4) a city and district 
in the south of Palestine, the In- 
habitants of which were the n'\y^'i<i 
an Arabian tribe Gen.25,3. 

n^52^X pr- n. a province in the ter- 
ritory of Israel; sometimes taken 
for a district in the city ^'^^ , and 
sometimes, according to the Tar- 
gum, f jr a circuit of Asher(.Fuerst). 

nit^N gent, an inhabitanl of y\W. , 
which see. 

"n^pntJ-'N p^- w. w. 

n^a'X {pi. sf. n'^pi^E'N) f. support, 
prop, pillar. 

XD''5i''X i""- n. an idol worshipped 
by the inhabitants of Hamath. 

riT^^kS see nia*S. 

tJ*i5J,\»< (only;;;, c. ^P^'<^^) m. raisin- 
cake (or =TalmuJ;c N'i:"'?'i< flag- 
on) n''njy ''S'''t'S. the r cakes 
(or wine-fiagons) Hus 8,1 ''tt"!i'S 
^??1G "iM the raisin-cakes (.or 
wine-flagons) of Kir-Haressetb Is. 
16,7 (ace. to others ''tt^tJ'.:* in this 
verse denotes foundations or 

^(t^•^t^'{< (pi. nitJ^i^'S) f. cake, pan- 
cake \=^^f^). 

'ni2'*S (f" ^f^) m. testicle i\m nnp 

one whose testicles are bruised 

'^b&'X (pl niVatJ^b' , c. niSat??* and 
HiSaK-'S) m. 1) cluster, bunch (.ol 
grapes) D^ij^. VsC.'K bunch of 
grapes Numyi.3,23; 'f?An r\'h^m 
the clusters of the vine Gant.7,9.— 
2) pr. n. a) a valley near Hebron 
Num. 13,23. b) a Canaanite ally of 
Abraham Gen. 14,13. 

f JSt^'X pr. n. 1) a Japhetite, the so? 
ofGomer Gen. 10,3.— 2) a trib^ 
that derived its descent from tj~i;'f? 
and that lived at a later perloi! 
with the Armenians. .According 
to latest research and Jewish tra- 




ditinn that tribe subsequently 
forced its way from Asia to Eu- 
rope, settling in Scandinavian and 
Germanic countries (Puerst). 

'13£i'N in. barter; wares; gift, present. 

T ; V 

"jjJi'N m. tamarisk (tree), grove, wood. 

i3^*X , D^'« (fut. Dtt'N': , Dtyx^) 1) to 
be desolate, to lie waste IDS'iS,''.! 
□^^rin^tp that your altars may 
become desolate Ez.6,6. — 2) to 
trespass, to offend, to incur guilt 
niTib DtJ-'N he hath trespassed 
against the Lord Lev 5,19; Dtt'S"! 
b'J^Z and he offended thrjugh 
Baal Hos.13,1; n^ND nnsS Dti*N'1 
and he hath incurred guilt by any 
one of these Lev 5,4; vSsN '?3 
^DE'S<^_. all that devour him shall 
incur guilt Jer,2,3. 

Kiph. Ctt'S'J to suffer for, to be 
punished ^6m?. IXSn '11^-13^ yea, 
the floclis of sheep suffer for it 

Hiph. imp. D^tl'Nn to destroy, to 
punish (others: to condemn, to ■ 
confuse) D^i ??. DD''!i'!<ri destroy 
them, God Ps 5,11. 
aC^\S (pi D''pE'N) adj. guilty D''ptJ.*X 
^JTlX'Sy IJrijN we are guilty con- 
cerning our brother Gen, 42,21; 

Dnnti'N-Sy in^-S^'x a^^m\ and ' 

the guilty [offered] a ram for their 
trespass Kzr. 10,19. 

'a^'a (sf. ioti*« . c. nDti**< ; pi. niaiTN, \ 

XT "^ ' • '' • I 

c. niD'^'K) TO. 1) guilt, transgres- 
sion btt'N 1j"'b.?j 5«3n5 and thou j 
wouldst have brought guilt upon ■ 

us Gen.26,10; VDtt'Na tl-^nniO who 
walketh in his transgressions Ps. 
68,22.— 2) a thing by which guilt 

i is incurred, trespass "n^ ^''^'D! 

1 iD|'t< and he shall restitute his 
trespass Num.5,7. — 3) trespass- 
offering ntt'Sn ^53 the sheep of 
the trespass-offering Lev. 14,24. 

njDJi'X (c. n??*f< ; pi. niaiiyis! , c. niati^N') 

f 1) guilt, trespass norit* n^'T'''^ 
IJ^ for great is the guilt [resting] 
on us 2Chr.28,13; ]iip{l' npti't<3 
by the guilt of Samaria Am.S,14; 
^jnat>K-'?yi IJilNEn-':!? to our sins 
and to our' guilt 2Chr.28,13.— 2) 
verb. n. a) trespassing Hi HOti'S^ 
to trespass thereby Lev. 5,26. l) 
bringing on guilt Dl?n DDtl'N'^ to 
bring guilt upon the people 4,3. 
c) incurrence of condemnation 
^J „^ ^^". i^i?ti'^. to incur the con- 
demnation of God upon us 2Chr. 
28,13. d) the bringing of a tros- 
pass-;;ffering inDt:*« ni''^ on the 
day when he bringeth his tres- 
pass-offering Lev. 5,24. 

□ ■"jp'^^'i^ "»■ Sl darkness; others ; 
fac places Is. 59, 10. 

nipa'''K, niiDti^b' a. n-imx ipl. 
ni"iptt*«) f. watch, 
(one of the three parts into which 
the night wasdivided)n""ipt:'{< ti'NI 
the beginning of the watches Lam. 
2,19; njiaw n-^ptl'K the middle 
watch Jud.7,19i 1f:3n nipti'Ka in 
the morning watch Ex. 14,24; IDnp 
^li^pa'N '^y^V my eyes are awake. 




before the night-watches Ps.llO, 


iy^'X (sf. ''^i^m m. lattice, lattice- 

nJK''i< P^- n. of two cities in Judah. 

^rti-'X pr- 1^- 3. city in Judah. 

fpH Heb. a. Ch. (pi. n''?f N , Ch. 
]''?tI*K) m. magician, enchanter. 

n£3&'X f. 1) quiver inSt^'H \:3 the 
children of his quiver, i e arrows 
Lam.3,13.— 2) oiA^pl.nSsW dung- 
hill, dung, rubbish nSE>t<n lyB* 
the dung-gate Neh.2,13; DB^Sa 
]iiaK nn; from the dung-hill he 
lifteth up the needy IS.2,8; DiSE'n 
.Veh.3,13 =niEE'b'n — The sing. 
nsa'N is preserved in the Mishna, 
ThejpZ. ninStt'K Lam.4,5 is believed 
by some lexicographers to have 
come from another form — nSll'N i 
which see. 

TJS^'N P>' «■ chief of the eunuchs 
of Jiing Nebuchadnezzar. 

^S^'S m. portion (others: measure 
for fluids, cup). 

nSS^'S f only pi. nWSti'N dung- 
hill, rubbish DiDBtJ'N ipjpn em- 
brace dung-hills Lam. 4,5. 

ll^p^'X i""- n. Askalon, one of the 
five principal cities of the Philis- 

"iJ1''pp2!'5< gent, inhabitant of Aska- 

y^^ to walk straight, to go onward 

— T 

nj'>3 t]^n3 llt/'NI and go onward 

on the way of understanding 

Pi. ^m 1) to go, to walk h»\ 
D''??T TTnn? "iB'Sn walk not in the 
way of the bad Pr.4,14.— 2) to 
direct, to guide T^S tl^ns -\f^) 
and guide thy heart in the right 
way Pr.28,19; fiCP r\m guide 
(others: relieve) the oppressed Is. 
l,17;;jf. ItS^N'Pguide, leaderTI'':iB'b*I? 
CyriD thy leaders cause thee to 
err Is.3,12.— 3) to make happy, 
to proniiunce happy H^DB' ]?.K 
^^^.^^J?1J the ear that heard mt 
pronounced me happy Jb.29,11; 
nii3 iJllsyN the daughters called 
me happy Gen. 30,13. 

Pu. If K 1) to be guided, to be 
led Cy^^P "''^f l^'PI and they that 
are led are destroyed Is.9,15.— 
2) to be made happy f;iK3 -\'^^\ 
he shall be made happy on the 
earth Ps.41,3; pt. IfNO made 
happy "itys'P n^Dipni and those 
who grasp her will be made happy 

^5^'X m. only pi. c. "'T.B'K happiness 
t!>''Sn '''lE'b happiness of the man, 
i e. happy is the man Ps.l,I; 
with sf. ri'^^P^ , f. ri^ltf*K happy 
art thou. 

Tt'X isf. ■'"Iti'N) m. happiness "''Itt'N^ 
to my happiness Gen.30,13. 

-|J^'X pr. n. T) a son of Jacob.— 
2) a city east of Shechem. 

ItS-'X , If*? see i^m , mf « . 

^,2''S -') *'^^- i'»'''«. (without distinc- 




tion of number or gender) who, 
which, that, he who, that which 
ri:3n-'7r I^N who was [sell ■\-r 
the house iK.16,9; y^'ii D''i;^^^^ 
''riX uSn the men who went wjtii 
me,24-; ;i(<1N Itt'N \"\)m 
the land that 1 will show thee 
Gen. 12,1; W^'Sy r^ii^Z. ISN'J 
and he said to him who was 
[set] over his house Gen.43,16; 

nnyjn ])nm\ np.D n^'jtt'i and 

drink of that which the young 
men may draw Ruth 2.9. — This 
pronoun being indeclinable its 
cases are indicated by pronom- 
inal suffixes of words following 
It: iTiVp T^N' whose harvest Jb. 
5,5, iS^3 "it^'K whom he shut up 

Jer.32,3; "^'t^' ^^"i "^W- o" '"^^'^^ 
hath ridden list,.6,8; i^ 1U>iS in 
which Gen.1,29 — 2) adv. where 
i;\'^n ~ia*s:51 -^pbB "iti*^! ^^ wlnther 
thou goest.., and where thou 
lodgest R.1,16; nE»-i;^'K. where; 
DB'P ^VH whence; 'i^^p. from 
where. — 3) conj. a) if, when Itys 
i^'^.n.'. ^^^^ if a ruler should sin 
Lev4,22; D.ri\SN *1D« I^S when he 
said unto them ls.28,12, b) that 
"l^M ^'.) it was (happened) that 
Num.9,20; I^K 2^}:, because that 
Gen.26,5; 1^V|yp? in order that. 
— lE'Saopb because; It^NSas. 
■^NIl i\ p n. m. 1 Chr. i, 16. 

n5»\'iLi> )-'•. n. m. 1 Chr. 25,2. 

=n^!it'1E'i. V. 14. 
m5^'N , T^ym f. D Ashera, a Phe- 

nician goddess of fortune (^Syri- 

an ntinb^y Astarta); pi. nn^^N a. 

OnE'.S idols of Ashera. 
XJni2'X Ch. m. wall, building. 
JJ'K'X only ai%. ti'B'N'nn to show 

oneself strong, firm. 
DJJ'N f a woman (same as ni2>N) 

ntJ>K hsi the untimely birth of 

a woman Ps.5S,9. 
t'XnK-'X i"' "■ a city in Dan. 
■'^Xria-'K gent, of '?Nnti>« . 
l^'irii&'K Ch. TO rebellion Ezr.4,lQ 

(Irora nity , which see). 
jlnji-'N p>' n. TO. 

nQnSI''N pr. H. a city in Judah. 
ricri^'X pr n. =ncr\'C'i} . 

nx Ch. (pi po« , clef. i<;:nx ; sf. 

''■T'^0^') "*■ sigu, wonder. 
nS see riilN . 

riX C^ JjlN') pron. f thou. See also 

nK I. (sf. iriN ; ;)«. D^nN a. D^nN) m 
plough-share, mattock, hoe. 

nX II iTliJ) particle used: 1) as a 
personal pronoun accusative, with 
sf. ^nx or-'/liK me, Tj^lK, a rinx thee, 
inx him, nriN her, ijnN us, D3nN*, 
rarely DDniN you, D.niN, rarely 
DnjpiX a. bnn^ them; once DDriN 
in the nominative case; D3nK"]''N 
Vt? ye are not to me (i. e. ye do 
not turn to me) Hag.2,17; Dm 
Ez.34,2 themselves — .8) as a sign 
of the accusative case: 'DK HJa? 
T'i'n and he will build the cicy 




Jos.6,26; eipi'>-nN' ■ltD^B>S11_ and they 
stript Joseph Gen. 37,23; "ip DN 
whjin ? "ia>M"D!< the person whom 
or that which; sometimes with a 
noun in the nominative case to 
give 1t prominence; fl^'^'ni^ \B^ 
let this land be ^iven Num. 32,5; 
D''.?L!"''t5 ''SJ Snan-nis! this axe 
fell into the water 2K.6,5.— 5) as 
a demonstrative pronoun: DipCTlN 

•"SJinisa Dpo-n^i •'nds this is 

the place of my throne, and this 
is the place of the soles of my 
feel Ez.43,7.— 4) as a preposi- 
tion: with, near; with sf. TIN' , 
r\m, ^m, ^^m, DjriK, onx (rarely 

iris, Tini«, etc.) nix-ic? |>:"'n"n|>' 

•with whom are there not (i. e. 
■who possesseth not) things like 
these? Jb.12,3; 'P^ i^?P^P '"^^ 
they made war with Gen. 14,2; 
ni'rNTli< -\fi< which is near Eloth 
IK.9,25; ^riK b^H they went with 
me Gen.U,24i Vl^lK pSn-xb there 
5/;all n. t abide with thee Lev. 
ie,!3; TJpiK D"'p^nn who go with 
thee Jer.19,10; 'im 1|1 he had 
spoken with him Gen.35,13| iiliK ti>;. 
there is with him 2K.3,12.— nKD 
from, away from. 
nX (only before sf. "ON , TJijiN , etc.) 
see rv. II. 

xns see nnt? . 

i^riS Ch. (tnf. Snp) to come. 

Aph. ''ilVT {.inf. n;np) to bring. 

Hoph. \n^n (/•. n^o^n ; y,. I'^pn) 
to »>" broue'V't 

7r3nX i"'. »• a king of Sidon. 

nnK,HnN(fMtnrisi, sn;., t«mi, 
ri«ij for riNM; jpi. rn>:.j or 

l^^'^.l??.'! ; 1Tl^^) to come, to 
come to pass T]S IJ^TlN we have 
come unto thee Jer.3,22; 71''ir 
nriN'jT unto thf'e shall crme Mio. 

4,8; sf '>J.\gt<.r_.i innns nns the 

thing 1 feared is come upon me 
Jb.3,25.- pt. ni'riNI the coming 
events Is 44,7. 

Htph. n;iri (for nnsn) to bring; 
imp. pi. I^rn Is. 21, 14. 

nrix , rib' c^ ^^5'- ^' i^?^'' J"""™. «• 

thou, thyself; sometimes used for 
emphasis after nouns with the 
pronominal suffix T]": nriN'D^ T]P'^l 
thy blood, yes thine also IK. 21, 
19.— f riN . 

llrX (c. |iriN; ; i^?. JliiriX) f. she-ass 

pnX Ch. m. oven, furnace. 

pinX see p^riK . 

TlX Ktib for riN, occurring in sev- 
en places. 

Tin W. n. m. 1) 28.15,19 a. 23,29.— 
2) =WN lChr.11,31. 

p'riX a. p^m {pi. D'^p'^iiN ; sf Nn\;3:nN 

Ez.41,15 for n •> p.; n K) TO. gallery, 
QriX (/■- IP^? a. mpN) pron. pi. you, 

yourselves; sometimes used fof 
emphasis after nouns with the 
pronominal suffix D?" : DS'^l^pl 
DQK as for you. •"■""t carcasses 




UDH pr n. a place on the border of 

the Arabian desert Bx.13,20. 
^IDHN , ''^On^ , 'jiDJpis' adv. 1) long 

since, of old IS.10,11; Is.30,33.— 
2) yesterday 1S4,7; Ps.90,4. 

r\im see urn . 

ni"li< / reward Hos.2,14. 
"'JPiX pr. n. m. lChr.6,26. 

jinx a. |J0« (s/. "•IJ^*?, n|JO«; 

pi. CJinK) TO. gift, present pON 
mir a harlot's gift Deut.23,19. ' 

inX Ch. TO. i; trace Dan.2,35.— 
2) place, spot Ezr 6,7; ''T, irit?. th& 
place where 6,3. 

D''nriX !"■■ w. a place in the south 
of Palestine Num. 21,1. 

^ the second leiterofthe alphabet, 
called Beth n^3 = n)3 house, tent, 
from its original similarity to the 
form of a tent; as a numeral i 

= 2, a = 2,000. 
"3 (combined with the def. art. 3 , 

3, 3; sf. ^3; T]?. ^ and /•. T13 j 
13, nS; 1J3i 053,/; |33; 0^3 or 
03 , /. ]n3) pre/ expressing: ij 
midst: in, within, among riJ33 in 
a house; Tjp^2*3 within thy gates 
Bx. 20, 10; D't^33 among women 
Cant.5,9. — 2) closeness: at, by, 
on, upon, to 1V|^3 at the gate; 
ll^l by the well IS.29,1; :inh3 on 
Horeb IK.8,9; D''D1D3 upon horses 
13.66,20; D''JM n''JS face to face 
Deut.5,4; in relation to time:ri'B*Kt!3 
in the beginning; Di''3 on the day; 
with inf. : when TJilix SsjS when 
thy enemy falleth Pr.24,i7.— 3) 
attachment: to "3 pS^ to cleave 
to, "3 nsnpn to be joined to, etc. — 
d) encounter: against "3 Umi to 
fight against, "3 rTin to be kindled 
against (of anger), etc — d) ac- 
companiment: with ionSa YV. the 

tree with its fruit Jer.11,19. — 6) 
instrumentality: with, by i^.nS 
with the sword Jos. 10,11; H^S 't3 
by the hand of Moses Num.15,23. — 
T) exchange: for ^D3.3 for money 
Deut,2,6; Tin33 for thy daughter 
Gen. 29,18.— ' 8) manner: ]i!Sn3 
with haste, hastily Ex.l2,ll! ''^^3 
quietly 28.3,27.— fi>> cause: be- 
cause of, for DD iXJjns he died 
because of his sin Num. 27,3-, 
K0*^3 for thirst Is.50,2. 

"^ Ch.prep. IIIT'S in Judea Ezr.5,1; 

i^T3 with the hands Dan.2,34. 

nX3 /• entrance Ez.8,5. 

2^*^X3 Ch. adj. bad Ezr.4,12. 

1X3 Pi. *1K3 (imp. 1^$3) 1) to en- 

grave Hab.2,2.— 2) to explain 

nX3 ipi. riii«|, c. rfnN^i a. niiK|) 

f.'l) pit Gen.14,10.— 2J well Gen. 
26,19. — 3 J pr. n. a) a place between 
Jerusalem and Shechem. i) a 
station of the I&raelites in the 
desert, c) cSk 1s;3 prob. = "1X3 b. 
d) ^^-i ■'nS INa a well in the des- 

ert, e) J^JB* 1H3 a place on the 
southern border of Palestine. 

1X3 (from -1J<5 =113) f. well, cis- 
tern; pi. nilN3 . 

X*1N2 P'>'. n. m. 

nllKS W- '*■ 1) a city in Benjamin; 

gentl ionN3 , •'nna .— 2) ni-iK? 

ii^y.l'V.? a station of the Israelites 
in the desert; also |i5??l \J3 • 
^'IXS i""- w. i) father of the prophet 
Hosea. — 2) another person men- 
tioned in Gen.26,34. 

JSrXa {.M- ^^T^ to stink, to be 

— T 

loathsome Bx.7,18; Is.50,2. 
Niph. K'tiiJ to make oneself 

loathsome or repugnant (with 3 , 

nX) 2S.10,6; 16,21. 
Hiph B'^KS^! {fut ^^^y[) to cause 

to stink Bc.l6,l ■,fig. ".n''TnN ti'"'«?n 

to make one loathed or hated 

Bx.5,21.— W^S^ Pr.i3,5 — t''^\ 

Eiph. I. of B^l3' I. 
Hithp. W'2n^ to become odious 

or repugnant (Vfith CiV), 
45>X3 Ch. to be evil or bad m^ 

^ni'757 it was bad to him, i. e. he 

was distressed Dan. 6,15. 
t^'S3 (sf- iti'f<2 , DU>!<3) m. bad odor, 

tJ.*X3 «• only pi. D''ti'!?| bad grapes. 
n^*X3 f. foul plant, a stink-weed. 
inXS Ch. prep, after sri inK3 

- T, ' 

aftpr this Dan.7,6. 
n33 (c- ri33) /". prop, cavity, bence: 

49 nj3 

P?? ri33 pupil of the eye Z;ch.2, 
12; shortened j;?? ns Ps.17,8 a, 

''33 i""' w. «. 

'P33 i)*"- «■ .Z) city of Babylon. — 

V T 

2) Babylonia, i. e. the whole Ba- 
bylonian-Chaldean empire, — 3) 
Persia including Babylonia; hence 
753 "^/O with reference to Cyrus 
Bzr.5,13 and Artaxerxes Neh.13,6. 

''t'33 Ch.g'eni. Babylonian; i52. S':S33 . 

:i3 Ez.25,7 Ktib for tS booty (others: 

123 (fMi. i.J3^ n^3V) prop, to cover, 
from which nJ3 a garment; fig. 
to deceive, to betray, to act secret- 
ly, to deal treacherously, to be 
treacherciTJS or faithless ]1X "'f.JS 
those who are wickedly treacher- 
ous Ps.59,6 (ace. Stb.: those who 
cover themselves with impiety); 
Sn3 iD3 nJI •'ON my brothers are 
treacherous as a brook Jb.6,15; 

nyn!2 nm mJ3 ps even as a 
■J-.... T t:t !•• T 

woman faithlessly departeth from 
her husband Jer.3,20; with 3 to- 
wards, against: n3 n^3 HiSJV'?! 
all her friends have dealt treach- 
erously toward her Lam. 4, 2; 
VnNS V^ii nJ13J yno why shall 
we deal treacherously every man 
against his brother? Mal.2,10. 
See also IjlS 2. 

123 '«/"■ ''1J? . withour, Dagesh in 1; 
V?. DnJ3, once rmJ3, c. n.J3) m. 
I) covering, garment, dress, rube. — 
2") deceit, treachery, faithlessness; 




with 1 J I to deal treacherously 
nja MJ^-"?! all those who deal 
treacherously Jer.12,1; CTli^ HW^ 
nJ3 and the faithless deal treach- 
erously (ace. Stb.: they put ca a 
tiaitorus garment). 

ri1"TJ3 Zph.3,4 f. pi deceit, treach- 
ery, faithlessness. 

TiJ3 aty. only /■. rriija treacherous, 

''1JI3 i""- "• *>*• 

^''JS i^rfp. for the sake of; see 77JI. 
Nnj3 P>'- "• a. Persian eunuch. 
inj3. ^'jrU3p". n. a Persian eunuch. 
13 I. (from nna ; jjI. n''-]3, c. ''^3) to. 

1) separable part 15? 13 part by 
part, at equal parts Ex.30,34.— 

2) part of the body, limb Tlij; ''13 
the limbs of his body Jb. 18,13.— 
5) Lrmb of a tree, bough ncSBD 
y^T!3 out of the branch of her 
boughs Kz.19,14.— 4) bar, staff 
inx D'-ia^ for the staves 
to bear it Ex.37,27. — 5) compart- 
ment, chamber 7t<^ ''IS to thi 
compartments of the nether world 
Jb.l7,16(Stb.).— 6) arfv. ISS sepa- 
rately,apart,besides, except, alone; 

sf. ''■33':; T115S ^ n^.s'?; i"i3^, nnn^;' 
D5"]5'?;" Qlif, f. sometimes HJIi^, 
somp-times i^l^J? ([ alone, by 
myself; thou alone, by thysslf, 
etc.1; li^D except, besides Hj; p« 
n^/P theie is none besides him 
T3 ! I. (i)Z;D''iaiTO.linen,linen -clothes. 

13 III. TO. only pZ. □'''13 invention, 
lie, idle talk, brag; liar ]5 K*? 
V13 but his lies shall not be so 
Is. 16,6. 

K"T3 to invent, to devise falsely 

T X 

i3fp Nl| y0. which he falsely 
devised of his own heart IK. 12,33; 
pt. sf. DNlia Neh.6,8 for DNIU . 

113 to be sepa'iited; onlj pt. I^.l3 
lonely, solitary irb'i Ilia liSS? 
like a solitary bird on a house- 
top Ps.102,8; Viyias lli:: ]\N and 
none shall be solitary in bis 
meeting-places fs.14,31 (ace. Stb.; 
there is not a single one etc.). 

"1*13 adv. separately, alone; also 

Tx ; 

113 pi'- n. in. 
''73 see ■'1. 
n''T3 pi"- n- in. 

X : •• 

^1^2 w. prop, something separated 
(from 7l3), hence: slag, lead-alloy, 
tin Ti:S''l|-'?3 HTCb'l and I shall 
remove all thy tin Is. 1,25; JJN' 
'^"'lan Zch.4,10 tin-weight, plum- 

'i)'73 Niph. "^nnj ifut. Sna--, to be 

-X • "X* 

separated, excluded, set apart 
n^iJin '-njpp h-\l\ shall be sepa- 
rated (cxcludedl from the con- 
gregati.m of the exile Ezr.10,8; 
ilJ.V? H'^'IP ^^^lil separate your 
selves from the midst of the con- 
gregation Num 16,21; I'^nn: ''1|'1]I3 
"1^"'^^' of the Gadites there tepa 
rated themselves unto David IChr. 



12,9; ^t!'n[?n'^ pHN Hl'land Aaron 
was set apart to .'nake him holy 

Hiph. "^nsn ifut. '^■'■la:, h^::l^ ; 

pt. '^nJD) to sever, to separate, 
to divide; to distinguish ^''^JIO ''H''! 
CD^ D^.D ["la and let it separate 
(.divide) betvi^een waters and waters 

Gen. 1,6; ?is*nn |''5niKn ]\3 "^nnnb 

to divide between the light and 
the darkness 1,18; ty'1pn]''3 Sn^nb 
"^nn 1^31 t 1 disiinguish between 
the holy and the unholy Lev. 10,10. 

7l3 w. only c. part, flap |I.N 713 
tip of the ear Ani.3,12. 

n'PlIl »*• j'j bdellium (an aromatic 
resin).— 2) pearl. 

n3 (for |^"|51 i"-- M. Jj one of the 
judges of Israel IS.12,11.— 2) 
another person. 

pn3 prop, to break through, hence: 
to search into, to examine for 
mending (others', to repair, to re- 
build) n)|n p.tnSl pi'l^b to exam- 
ine and repair the house 2Chr. 

p'la i.^ p!!f^ ; ^f- ^i?.1?) »"■ breach, 
rent, gap, leak. 

T73 Gh. Pm. 1!!3 to spread, to 

^ii3 «■ emptiness, chaos. 
^n3 »»• white marble, alabaster. 
ti^n^ Ch. f. eagerness, haste. 
'^^'^;S o.<>-i- shining, bright. 

Sna iVTtp/j. hri^i (Jut. ^Ti2]] 1) to be 
perplexed, dismayed, terrified 
niN^D ^/n'r~3J I am dismayed ta 
see Ps.21,3; "'D'tfl! shn:i\ my bones 
are terrified 6,3.— 2) to be hasty, 
to be eager jinS -J^J he that is 
eager for wealth Pr.28,22. 

Pi. hn^ (inf. hn^ , fut. hny^;) i) 

to confound, to alarm, to terrify 
Dit<n$ nnS TlSnail and sudden 
dread terrifleth thee Jb.22,10. — 
2) to make haste, to be rash 
>y riri"! • • • ''[3511 and he made 
haste... to give her Est.2,9; '7^ 
DiJ^?'^ Tini13 Snari be not rash in 
thy spirit to be angry Bc.7,9. | 
Pu. hr\2 (pt. h'n^'D} to be has- 
tened d'''7rt3p IN'VJ they went out, 
heing hastened Est.8,14; ri^nbia 
Ktib Pr.20,21 for ni^rjiJ? hastily- 

Hiph. '?^■^3^ {fut. h^ri::^) i) to 

hasten, to hurry away I/TI^JIJ 
tit-^5?'? a-nd they hastened to bring 
E&t.6,'l4; Ca'P im'?''ni*J! and they 
hurried him away from there 2Chr. 
26,20.— 2) to confound, to terrify 
'j^'n:jiri ins'l and the Almighty 
hath confounded me Jb.23,16. 

7/13 Ch Pa. to confound, to terrify. 

Ithp. .n3rn to hasten, to hurry; 
verb. n. n3jl2ri7}2 in haste. 

Itpa. to be confounded, alarmed; 
pt. SnanD alarmed, terrified Dan. 
n':n2 ipl m'^na) f. D fright, ter- 
ror, surprise. — 2) sudden de- 




!icr\2 (c- nnna ; sf. \"?pp3 , ?inpn3 , 
intpb?, etc.; pi. niona, c. niDna) 

f. beast, animal, cattle. — niDH? 
as a smjf. hippopotamus (only Jb. 
]ri3 (pi- nijlTS)/'. thumb, big toe. 

]ri3 i"'- '»• »■ son of Reuben, from 

whom a place JliS |5K , which see. 

prf3 "*• whitish eruption on the skin. 

rrin^ ^P^ '"■'''^55) f- white spot on 
the skin. 

Nia (.pret. a. pt. K'| ; m/". N3 a, Ni3 ; 
«m;j. Ki3 a. N3 , f. ''X3 , pi. 1X3 ; 

/'ill 3 s. no; a. N'1::; , f. xi^ri) i) 

to go, to enter, to come, to arrive 
XD \jS KpX whither shall 1 go 
Gen.37',30; nTl?n Xi3^ to come into 
the city 28.17,17; inrt' 1X3 enter i 
ye his gates Ps. 100,4; TJ^' iX| \ 
those wlio enter the gates Gen. ; 
23,10; iTXI those who have en- j 
tered it Pr.2,19; n^X3 Dip; days 
are coming Is.39,6; nixan Is.41, ' 
22 the things that are to come, 
i. e. future events; D^Xan Is. 27,6 
for D'Xan Dipi? in the future days, 
in the future; figurative expres- i 
sions: a) n|'X"7X Xi3 to come to 
a woman, 1. e. to cohabit her Gen. 
16,2. h) liniax-'-^^ Xi3 to go to his 
fathers, i. e. to die Gen. 15,15. c) 
D^a^JXa Xi3 to reach old age IS. 
17,12;'d''D;3 Xi3 to come intodays, 
i.e. to be old 1K.1,1. d) DWa Xi3 
to go into blood, 1. e. to become 
guilty of bloodshed IS.25,26. e) 
X'J'' 727 to every one who is to i 

come, i. e. to be born Ps.71,18 
fj Vp^ri X3 the sun went down, 
i. e. the sun set Gen. 28,11. — verb, 
n. Xi3 signifies direction: XU'7 TJ 
non. to the entrance, i. e, in the 
direction of Haraath Jud.3,3; nDX3 
n'TT.J as thou comest to Gerar, i. e. 
in the direction of Gerar Gen. 10, 
19.— 2) to come to pass IC'X Sb 
xn; Xi3 13T all that he'saith 
will surely come to pass IS.9,6; 
□5ins X32 when your fright 
Cometh Pr.1,26; with h'4 to come 
upon: ni^ D^i^.l! X33 when there 
come upon you distress 1,27; with 
sf. accus. IjXD'; ^p^ want shall 
come upon him 28,22; 1JnX3 nxr ^^ 
all this is come over us Ps.44,18. 

Hiph. x^in (1 ij>'3n, 2 rixan , 

before sf. also ''niX"'3n ; mf. XJT 

a. x^an ; imp. x^an , /■; ixian ; fut. 

X^a; , X3;: ; pt. X^jpi IJ to "cause 
to come in, 10 lead in, to put in. 
to bring narin"'-^' Xijn thou shalt 
cause to come (or shalt lead) into 
the ark Gen.6,19; Qnan-nx nxjni 
niJ^IQJ and thou shalt put the 
staves into the rings Ex.25,14; 

r\b.f^r\ v;r^i< s^pn^ to bring 

into the king's treasuries Est. 
3,9; of the sun: to cause to 

set nnn'|3 t:v52?n ^rixani and I 

will cause the sun to set at noon 
Am.8,9.— 2) to bring on (with hv), 
to bring to pass n^'T. DHi^y X^JX 
I will bring upon them evil Jer. 
23,12; ni^iJX. fjX in^aT I have 
spoken it, I will also bring it to 
pass Is.46,n.— 5) to obtain X^iJI 

n??n 3i? that we may obtain a 
heart endowed with wisdom Pa. 

Hoph. N'iin (/•. riN^in ; ^t. njid) 

to be led or carried, to be brought, 
to be put in INJIi n^33 unto Ba- 
bylon shall they bo carried Jer. 
27,22; «31'' n^M it shall be put 
into water Lev. 11,32. 

T13 I. (pret. a. pt. 13 ; fwt. TU^) to 
despise, to treat with contempt. 

°13 II. 1) m. contempt, scorn.— 2) 
pr. n. a) son of Nahor and ances- 
tor of an Arabian tribe; geni. ''Ha . 
b) another person. 

HT^S f- object of contempt. 

''■13 pr. n. TO. 

"n^3 only Mph. tjiiJ to be confused, 
perplexed; to go astray; pt. T]iJ 
(pi. 0''221) perplexed, he who goes 

t^l^TO. 1) produce, fruit,— 2) block, 
log fy h^2 a block of wood Is. 
44,19 (others: branch, twig). — 
.:;) eighth month of the Hebrew 
year, afterwards called ]1!?'n'nO , 

]13 see p3. 

ilj-l^ f"*- W. TO. 


'J'O f"*- »*• "*• =''sl? • 

D13 (A«f. Dia; ; i)J. j3i. D^DiS Zch.10,5 
for Cp^) to tread under foot, 
to crush ''SN3 Cisy D^IK I will 
tread down (or crush) nations in 
my anger ls.63,6; DOn n'jyj? tl'5.^ 
ngJ the satisfied soul treadeath 
under foot (i. e. degpiseth) the 
fine honey Pr.27^7. 

53 ^1'2 

Pz.DtJia to tread down, to trample 

Soph, to be trodden under foot, 
to be crushed D^lID "IJSS as a 
carcass trodden under footis. 14,19, 
Hithp. to be trampled on nCDiari!? 
T]tpi^ trampled (ace. Stb,: roliing) 
in thine own blood Ez 16,6. 
p3 TO. byssus (a fine linen tex- 
Y'i'\2 pr. n. of a rock near Gibeah. 

Hp'',^ f. emptiness, desolation. 

^pl3 w- herdsman, shepherd (see 

"1^3 prop, to bore, to dig, hence 
liaij Ec.9,1 to search out, to 

113 ipl- nini3) TO. 1) pit.— 2) cistern, 
well (="lK3j.— 51 grave Ti3 "'-.I'i'' 
those that go down into the grave 
Ps.28,1.— 4) dungeon, prison; in 
'this signification also lisn ri''3 
Ex 12,29; Jer.37,16.— "^i^ Jb 9,30 
=13 , which see. 
E-i'B I (pret. ti'3, tyi3; mf. a. imp 
1^13 , t:'3 ; fut. tri3;. , tJ'i3S< ; 2)t. C*13 ■ 
to be ashamed, confounded, embar- 
rassed or disapointed ti' 3.''. nriy'x'? 
^PSI not now shall Jacob be 
ashamed Is.29,22; -^^0 i£'3ri N7 
Tl^nlSiSi; thou shallt not be a- 
shamed of all thy doings Zpli.3, 
11; fig. u£ the sun: nsnn ntl'^31 
I and the sun will be ashamed (i. e. 
I obscured) ls.24,23; 1tl*3nnn they 
'■ were dismayed and confounded 
' 37,27; 1tr3''.1^0i^ when they ; rise 
let them be embarrassi'd Is. 109. 

^"]2 54 

28,— E^U;. Hos.13,15 = &^^\ from 
^y , which see. 

mph. I. B>i5n {fut. ts^n:) ij to 

put to dhame, to confound ^JV ri'iV 
W^2n the counsel of the poor ye 
put to shamo Pr. 14, 6j U''N#a 
rjity^Iin those that hate us thou 
puttest to shame 44,8. — 2) intr. 
to bring shame, to act shame- 
fully I'SOll E>'!<3: il/'ii'T a wicked 
man acteth shamefully and dis- 
gracefully Pr. 13,5 (=tl'"'?^); pt. 
£'''50, f. riB'^^p one acting shame- 
fully Pr.10,5; 'l9.26; 12,4. 

Hiph. II. u'J'n to be ashamed, 
confoundod Jer. IO,U; 46,21; Jo.l, 
11 (see also a'.;:; fliph. 2). 

Hithp. tJ'^iaj-ji.l to be ashamed 
tVl3 n. io tarry long, to ba tardy 
tJ'ia-ISlS^ITland they waited very 
long Jud.3,25. 

Pi. »S*3 same as Kal W2 SJI'ip 
H'aS 1351 why tarriethhis chariot 
so long in coming? Jud.5,28. 
nr^l^ f- shame,, disgrace. 

n^J3 Ch. prop. to stay in aplace.lienco: 
to pass the night fllD nil and he 
passed the night fasting Din 3,19. 

t2 »• robbery, prey, booty. 

NT-^ (only 3pZ. VS'.t|) to cut through 
iV"jN D'^in; 1SD r0_ whose land 
rivers cut through (i. e. flow | 
through) Is. 18,2 a. 7. S 

nn fut. nn:, t^ii; pt. nn^, ^z. «/•. 

n3 ; _;jf. iirS) i) to despise, to jeer, 
to mock n|Sa 'h Dni and she 
despised him in her heart 2S.6,16; { 

1J''Sy na^l and they jeered al 

us Neil. 2,19 — 2) to disregard 

T'3'1"] nna who dlsregardeth his 
ways Pr.19,16. 

Niph. nop {pt. nnj , jii Q"'f;ij) 

to be despised. 

Hipli. inf. riiflin to make con- 

rlT3 «f?y- (only c. rir?) bgJ rirj de- 
spised by every person Is. 49.7. 

nn /"■ booty, prey. 

T • 

TT| (1 pi. i:!i| a. i:it3: ftrf. rb;; mf. 

f3, P3) to rob, to plunder. 

Niph. tbj (mf. tun) to be rob- 
Pit. Ti^ to be plundered. 
p'O "«• contempt. 
n\"'iTT2 pr. 11. a place in Judah. 
pn '«■ lightning, flash of lightning, 
PT3 pj". n. a city in the north of 
I Issachar. 
IT J (^113 ; M nil^:) to scatter.— 

Pi. "113 to scatter. 
KriT3 pr. n. m. 
]1n2l TO, festerof metals (from 103). 

'l^Til (.pi. sf Vjin3) ira. tower, watch- 

1Ti2 {pl. Dnin3 , c. n.inS) j«. young ( 
man; young warrior, 

rin^ni pl- see □■'nin? . 

D''^>in3 TO. jJi. youth, age of youth. 

yn^ Ktib Is.23,13 for |in3, which 




yVi2, (c. T'ri?) adj. chosen, elect. 
btlZ to foci abhorr'^nco n'"n2 CC'33 

- T T-: . T ; - 

■*;! their soul abhorred rao Zeh.U,8 
Pu. pt. n.^ilbp Ir.20,21 dis- 
gusted (Kri n^U-'?, from '?n3). 

ins (.A'*- ]U?); imp- 103 1 t^ try, to 
prove, to test, to examine. 

Niph. jn^j {flit. 2 pi. i:n3Pij to 

be tried.— |na Ez 21,18 is usually 
regarded as Pu. and is rendered: 
it was tried, proved, etc ; ace. to 
some it is the noun |n3, which se;-. 

in3 '«■ trial, proof ]n2 ]J:i!( stone 
of trial, i. e. tried stone (corner- 
stone) ls.28,16; ]n:i "3 fur it is a 
trial Ez,21,18 (see also ]n3). 

"inj3 (/wt "inj?; ; imp. 103) 1) to try, 
to prove ij'y 1133 Tj^ninS J have 
tried t.hee in the crucible of af- 
fliction Is. 48,10. — 2) to choose, 
tu select 1- "in3;i and he chose 
to himself IS. 17,40; nnN ^ "1113 
CHD choose for thyself one of 
them 28.24,12.— 5; to like, to de- 
sire ■'^y in3ri ip '?3 all that 
thou wilt desire of me 28.19,39.— 
pt. nn3 (c. pi. ''11113) a) chosen 
INIIJJ*^. ■'13113 chosen men of Israel 
18.26,2. T}) excellent DniK3 1in3 
excellent like the cedars Cant.5, 

Niph in3J to be chosen ^155 
in3J choice silver Pr.10,20; with 
ja to be better than, to be pre- 
ferred n'';nD nia in3J1 and death 
shall be preferred to life Jer.8,3. 
Pu. in3 to be chosen, selected. 

Q^ina see Cl"'1ln3, 

Q'''irill pf- n. a. place- in Benjamin 
1 il. 2,8; genl. ipnn3 1 Chr, 11, 33, 
for which Tri"? kS. 23, 31, 

N^3, 'I93 10 taik;j)<. nDl3 Idle talk- 
Ir'pr. 12, 18. — Pi- NE33 (fut. !>;C33^.) 
to talk, to pronounce Lev. 5, 4. 

ni£3 I. to extend, to be thick (Ar. 
TlNtSi thick), whence r:''B3K. 

nt23 II. (/'«*■ HM^i im-p. nc3 ; pt. 
npa, /■. nniai) to trust, to confide, 
to rely (wlLh 3, '7iJ, ^N), to feel 
secure; pt.p. ni£33 secure.— jff«pA. 
0^3:1 (/m(. nD3:: yt. n'^.3P) to 
make secure, to cause to rely. 

nt03 1) m. security, safety; nD3'^ 

- J V I ■ "^ 

a. nt?3 ndv. securely, safely. — 2) 
pr. n. a Syrian city situated in 

N3iY D1S . 

nni23 f- security, repose. 
]1nC23 ™ confidence, hope. 
rilntS^/'.i'^. security, place of safety. 

See also nin^ . 
y^3 to be idle. 

— T 

"PtOS Ch. to cease from work, to bo 
id'le.— Pa. htS)^ (3 pi. l'?''E3 ; inf. 
^'t^3) to cause to cease, to hin- 

]!23 {^ 1?)| ; sf. ^il?3) f. 1) belly 
stomach. — 2) womb, the inmost.— 
3) protuberance on pillars. 

nJI03 (^nly pi. i3''jtp3) m. plstaci 

Q'"JtQ3 pr. n. a place in '?■'•■' 



1^ interj. pray! ''JnN ''2 pray, my 

Lord! Gen.44,18. 
]^2 iprd. ]|, 1 ''niJ''?, 2 m^2 a. 

n;2; /•,rf. r^; a. I'ln, f. l^nj; 

z'liy; ]"'^ , pi. 1J''2) i) to understand, 
to comprehend l^iS' nSi. ^nva2> I 
kearci, but did not uiiderstandDan. 
12,8-; nxt W 1J^3 understand but 
this Ps.50,22; with h (also '??< , 
,y) to give heed, to turn atten- 
tion to; pt. II , pi. D''J3 Jor.49,7 
wisa, prurient. — 2) to perceive, 
to feel iS l^nX'K'^l cj?n.l were he 
to pass by, I should not perceive 
him Jb.9,M; D^^^i•'''D IJ'^n; D'^I.^J 
ntOK before your pots can feel the 
[burning] thorn Ps. 58,10. 

Niph. y2^ (.1 s. ^n'JIJi to be in- 
telligent, to have intelligence; pt 
c. 131 ]iD3 intelligent in speech 

Pi. ]Ji3 to watch over, to guard 
inJ3i;i^. inJ5iDt he encircled him 
and watched over him Deut.32,10. 

Biph, l''5n [inf. |"'5n , ]2r\ ; fut. 

'\^y a. ]^X--> ^^ 'i' -^"^' ^"'i'- 1"T ' 
pi. IjUH) i) to give understanding, 
to make understand, to instruct, 
to explain C^HE P^P. he giveth 
understanding to the simple Ps. 
119,130; D'';''3a Neh.8,7 they in- 
struct; ''jJ.''3n'Ps.ll9,27 make me 
understand; ]55 Dan.8,16 explain. 
— 2) to understand, to comprehend 
(as in Kah, to know, to distinguish 
T\j'2 nCfJ yy^^ fo comprehend 
the words of understanding Pr.i, 
?, V'p. i''t2 ]"'3 ]''?n': to distinguish 

between good and evil IK.3,9; pt. 
pip intelligent, skilled. 

Hithp. ]p.i3nn to consider, to 
give heed, to understand N7 ''Slf 
|Ji3rin my people doth not con- 
sider Is. 1,3; ]Ji3n\ ^^''l 11^ f^lIJ 
when he seeth wickedness, doth 
he not heed it? Jb.ll,li; D''Ji?;TD 
]ji2nN' Ps.119,100 more than the 
aged I do understand (ace. Stb : 
from the aged I acquire experi- 

1^3 1) m. (c. ]''3 ; du. DiJiJS ; pi. 01^3) 
interval, space between, midst 
1^33, l\3-'''>:, 'liJ^5"'!!<. in the midst; 
j''3n, ? niJ'^ap from the midst, 
from between; \'^^~h'i Ez.19,11 
above the middle, high between; 
n:J\3n ty-iX IS.17,4 go-between, 
mediator (umpire between two 
fighters).- 2) prep. (sf. ^^^^,7(i^2 , 

/^ ^j.^5, i:i\2, ir.ra, D9\r3, n.n^.i\3 ; 

IJiniJ^a, DriiJ"'5) between, among 
D^.a^D^,P]''3 between waters and 
waters Gen 1,6; ni''"lK ]''a among 
lions Bz.l9,? 
T^ Gh. prep, between. 

nra (c. n^^a ; p?. nlr?) f. under- 
standing, insight, prudence. 
nj'3 Ch. Z'. same as Heb. 

T ' 

nra (omy pi. d^v''5) f- egg. 

T'a (Kri for 113 J3r.6,7) =1N3, 
■I- •• . 

which see. 
n'T'S f. -?j castle, fortress, palace. — 

2) temple lChr.29,1. 
nT| Ch. (def. «riT3) /■. fortreep 




n'':T2(pi.'"li''JT?)/'- <'astle 2Chr.27,4. 

r,"'j iG.:\''2:; with nzoc nri^2 ,c.nn''i3 ; 

pi. CP\2 , c. ^^|) m. 1) house, tent 
Geii.33,17i as residence of a king: 
castle, palace,2; IK.4,6; Est. 
l,9;asplace of worshlp-.temple IK. 
6,5a.37! Mic.3,12; irfDH n^2 prison 
Gen 39,20j nia^n^ iTS place of the 
paths, i. e. cross-road Pr.8,2; SVZ 
nilJp place of graves, burial 

ground Neh.2,3! d'^^V n''a house of 
eternity, i.e. the grave Ec.l2,5i n''3 
^D"''^^ "ly^O house of assembly for 
all the living, i. e. the grave Jb.30, 
23; lis'n ''f]| houses of clay, i. e. 
mortal bodies 4,19; B^i^S!? r\^2 spi- 
der's web 8.14. — 2) receptacle, ca- 
pacity □''^3^ C!^2 receptacles for 
the staves Ex. 37,14; B>§^n "'ri| 
scent-cases, smelling bottles Is.3, 
20; D\1!KD n''3 capacity of iwo seahs 
IK.18,32.— 3) household, family, 
race, people ^O"? .3\nri^thou and 
a.11 thy household Gen.7,1; r\)2 nJ| 
Deut.25,9 and in\2 Hf^ 2S.7,11 to 
found a family; iX n^5 Num. 1,4 
household of the father, family; 
'?«';!?>''. n''3R 4,11 the people of Is- 
rael.— 4J interior, the inside, with- 
in n;3D from within IK.6,16; with 
n loc. nn^a inward Ex.28,26. 

r\''2 c. of nj3 , occurs in many 
compound names of places, the 
most important of which are: !V2 
]J« in Benj. Jos.7,2.- h^T\'^^. on 
the border of Benj. and Bphr. Gen. 
28,19; gent, ^"r.^n ilia IK.16,34.— '3 
■^X':;? see h'f.^.S.— ^^Aip '3 in Ga- 
liiee'^ Hos. 10, 14.- ]'tVr^ hV2 '3 in 
Reuben Jos. 13,17.— ''N'i? '3 in Si- 
Tieon IChr. 4,31.— ITji '3 on the 

eastern bank of Jordan tiud.7,24.~ 
1-1^ '3in Judah lGhr.2,51 (=nT:i.| 

Jos. 15, 36).— hih^ '3 see hri .— '2 

h^ti in Moab Jer.48,23.— 0'<h'7^1 '2 

Jer. 48,22— ]W '3 two cities,' one 

in Judah Jos. 15,41, the other in 
Asher 19,27 — niD^'E'^r! "2 in Reu- 
ben Jos. 13,20.— nn^ri '3 in Judah 
Jer.6,1. — '3 a village near 
Jerusalem 2S' 15,17.— nl3|"ll|ri '; 

acity in Simeon Jos. 19,5.— pDV.5 '-■ 
acityinAsherJos.19,27.— nairn'^ 

a city on the border of Judah and 
Benjamin Jos.15,6; 18,22.— Onn '2 

in Gad Jos.13,27 {=]1^ '2 Num 32, 
36).— na^n '2 in Manasseh Jud.7, 
22.— n":Jn '3 in Benjamin Jos.lF., 
19— ]jn '3 in Judah or Dan IK.4, 
9. — • ]i^n '2 two cities in Bphraim 
Jos.16,5; 21,22.— 13 '3 in Judah IS. 
7,11.— niwS '3 see rfS'^S.- '2 
n'lSlj'? see nisy .— On^,; ^i a lowr/ 
in Judah IS. 16,4; Jud.17,7, anothei 
in Zebulun Jos. 19, 15; gent. n\' 
■'Dn^niS.lS,!.- Ki-)!? '3seeNi^D.— 
liyb '3 see ]'iVP .— n3??.0 '3 ses 
nzip . - nnpj '3' in Gad Num.32,36 
(see irnDj).- ]ny '3 on mount Leb- 
anon Am. 1,5. — niDtSJ '3 see 
A)»!??-— niJS? '3 in Judah Jos.15, 
59.-^nJy '3 in Naphtali Jos. 1 9,38.— 
^'"'^I'yQ liX?? '3 near Samaria 2K.10, 
12 (.see nipy).— n^l '3 in Judah Jos. 
15,27; gerit. iD^S 28.23,26.- "lij'S '3 
in Moab Deut'.4,46 (see "liyfi).— '3 
f 5(1 in Issachar Jos. 19,21.— 11V '2 
in Judah Jos 15,58- — iin"! '3 in 
Issachar 28.10,6.- |«?' '3 'in Ma- 
nasseh Jos.l7,ll (=]^ '3 18 31,10; 
28.21,12).— ti'Dj^ '3 aj a city in Ju- 




dah Jos.15,10; gent. ''?>pa'n n"'3 IS. 
6,14. 6}aplaceinNaphtali Jos 19, 
38. c^ a city in Issachar Jos. 19,22, 
dj = ]iN, which see,— mijn '3 in 

Judah Jos. 15,34. 
n''^ Ch. {def. Knii , nn;3) m. house. 

]ri"3 ^c. |n''a) «. palace Bst.1,5. 

<,<22 ipl- C^^^a) m. i; species of bal- 

samtree 2S 5,23. — 2 J pr.n. Baca 
ND3n DDa the valley of Baca Ps. 
81,7 (others: valley of weeping 
from n33). 
nil (fui. n^D] , ap. tl?:. !l!*. JJ. ni33 ; 

T T • • • • • 

mf. ii33, 133, ni33) to weep, to 
weep for Num. 11,13; Jer. 22, 10; 
Gen.37,35; Lam 1,16. 

Pi. n33 {pt. n|312 , f. n33!:) to 
weep for (with 717} Jer.31,15; with 
aecus. Ez.8,14. 
nD3 w. weeping Bzr.10,1. 

1'\^2 ">■ flrst-born, firstling; fig. first, 
foremost njflij "","33 I will appoint 
him as my foremost son Ps. 89,28; 
njO ni33 first child of death, i. o. 
most terrible disease Jb. 18, 13: 
Q'f 1 ■'I'i^? first of the poor, i. e. the 
poorest Is. 14,30. 

1!|33 m. onlyi)J.Dn^33 first-fruits. 

mi33 , ■'T3'!33 f. early fruit \JXn 

nnSSD the early figs Jer.24,2, 
n"i1ii see n-f33 . 

mi.D3 p*'- «• w. is.9,1. 

r,^53 y weeping m33 ]i^K the oak 

of weeping Gen. 35,8. 
'33 ("^ V|3 ; sf. "?3) M. weeping; 

^fli. trickling B>3n Dlinj ''33D he 
restraincfh the streams from trick- 
ling Jb.28,U (Puerst). 
G'',?3 P*"- «■ a place near Gilgal. 

mOS odj. f. first-born ( daughter). 

ri''33 (=''^2)f. weeping, mourniug, 

123 Pi- 13| (M- 135':) iJ to pro- 
duce anew 133''. 1"'f in'; inS it 
shall produce its fruit every 
month Bz.47,12.— 2) 133S Deut. 
21,16 to make as first born, i. e. 
to give the birth-right. 
Ptt.')33to be born first Lev.27,2&. 
Hiph. T'San to bear a first child; 
pt. n'T.''33D Jer 4, 31 a woman in 
her first travail. 

"133 (p2- "■ '"?.??) *»*■ young male 
camel Is.60,6. 

"133 i"*- '*• i^ son of Benjamin Gen. 

V 1 V 

46,21.— a; son of Bphraim Num 26, 

35; gent. ^"133 ib. 
ni33 /'.young female camel Jer.l!, 22. 
m53 ipl- riilbai f. first- birth, pri- 

mogeniture; birthright Gen. 43,33, 
Deut.21,17; lChr.5,1. 

^"13'3 pr. ;i m. lGhr.8,38. 

'''}i)3 ?»•- ™- »*■ 2S.20,1. 

73 <Ji^'^- not, that not, not yet, hardly 
!|'jiyii ^a they cannot profit Is.44, 
9; IDIpJ. "^S that they may not rise 
14,21; rJ\^: h2 f|lilhpy wpre hardly 
(net yet) planted 40, 24; T1''H*"':| 
Ps 16,2 ace, Puerst: not beyond 
tliee(Stb : t.hexels none above thee: 
see the rendering of the whole 
verse under n3"ti). 

'P3 m. mind, care; with D12' : to take 


care cf Dan.6,15. 
^2 (from hv3 = hv2) Bol, the chiei 

gnd of the Babyloniars Is 46,1. 
XI3 Ch only Pa. N'^3 to .v-ex. tc 
atfliet Dan.7,25. 



17^^73 P^' **• a Babylonian king. 

W'X'pS see IVK^Sa. 

jh^ Hiph. J''S:in (fut. J^'Sai ; pt 


J'' .3D) 11 to cause to break forth 
VJ-iv TtJ» J^'?:?13n who causeth de- 
struction to break forth on the 
strong Am.5,9. — 2) to strengthen 
oneself, to recover strength r!^,''75t< 
tSj?D that I may recover my 
strength a little Jb. 10,20. — verb, 
n. n''J^73!3 cheering up ^ri''J''75'5 
]ij^ ''/.y I cheer myself up against 
sorrow Jer.8,18. 
nilt'3 V- n. m. =''A'?3 Neh.10,9. 

n'72 (M- ^b.?); verb. n. rh^)l) to rot, 

T T 

to decay, to wear out, to wax old 
n!??l ■^i^'T.? decayeth like a rotten 
ihing Jb'^i3,28; nri':^ nS TJ^t:!?!?* 
thy garment did not wear out 
Deut.8,4:; ''ijh:: nnK after I am 
waxed old Gen.l8,l2. 

Pt. n^3 (fid. n^DV, inf. ni^a) 

1) to cause to wear out ''1.^3 H?? 
he caused my flesh to wear out 
Lam.3,4.— 2) to use, to enjoy 
fe\ Dn"'T nB>l!0 the work of their 
hands they shall enjoy Is.65,22.— 
3) to pass, to spend (.time) 175; 
Dn''D^ JiCsa they spend their days 
in happiness Jb.21,13. 

r\b2 (pi- a% ; f- 'l^l , pi. n'hs) adj. 

worn out, old. 
n^3 i)r. M. of a city =Thv2 , which 

V T ' 


n^3 only Ktib pt. pi. n^r\':3Q Bzr 
4,4 (for D''^n,59 , see hnS) . 

nnVa (pi mn^? , c. nin^S) /•. ter- 
ror, fright nin^5 Hv? ^^i"s °^ '•''■■ 

rors, i. e. death Jb.18,14. 
^^"72 pr. n. f. 

1^3 Ch. m. tax. 

''173 (only c. .p?. "'^i'^a or ''NiSa) »i 
worn out clothes, rags. 

"liXti*^ /3 i"". »• surname of Dan 
lei at the Babylonian court. 

I73 I- ™- perdition, annihilation 
•''73 nWl? from the pit of perdi- 
tion Is.38,17. 

'h'Z II- o,dv. not, no, un-, without 
D1p5 '''ra it does not hold Jb.41, 
18; nap^ n^r.l i':a it yields no 
meal Hos.8,7; nDISH "''^a unturned 
7,8j t]p.5""''?a without money Jb. 
31,39; DB* '''1? without a name 30, 
8; ?]f n '''?a Is.14,6 without inter- 
mission (prop, he has not ceased); 
with prepositions'. r\V'\ "i^aa with- 
out knowledge Deut.4,42 a. Jb.35, 
16; pn ^"737 without measure li 
5,14; nn ^'jai: fearless Jb.41,25; 
'h'Z'Q because there Is not, f^ r 
want of; with another negativ". 
]^f< ''7'aDn. is it because there is 
not Bx.14,11; KSDi. nS ip. 'h^q 
that he may not find out Ec.3, 
11; "'':? Til till not, till without: 
''Sa -J? because not. 

7173 m. farrago, mixed fodder. 




nO'^a f- nothing (from ""bz a. nS; 
T • : L ■ 

Others: band, from D_|). 

'^j;''^^ m. worthlessness, lowness, 
wickedness; with |3 or ti^K worth- 
!;;« fellow, wicked man;73J2;3 131 
a worthless thing Ps 41,9; some- 
timss with omission of the noun 
modiiied; 75?1'731 and the wicked 
2S.23,6.— 2) destruction Sri'7^''!:nJ 
the torrents of destruction Fs.I8,5. 

bbl {.M- b'y'^ 1) to mix nnpn': h^i), 

and he mixed [fodder] for the 
asses Jud.l9,2i; pt. p. JDfa nhh^ 
mixed with oil Lev.2,5. — 2) to 
confound i2nsti> nB> n'jJJI and let 
us confound there their speech 
Gen. 11,7.— 5' to be moistened "'p'^a 
145?.'? i?^? I am moistened (i. e. 
anointed) with frei^h oil Ps 92,11. 
Hithp. fut. hyizn) to mix one- 
self, to mingle with 
D'53 (."'/■ '^''''rJ to bind, Lu hiL^^K 

- T 

to muzzle Ps. 32, 9. 
D'7;2 ipt- D5i3> to cultivate figs 
D'^t^':p CyiZ a cuUivator of syca- 
more-figs Am. 7, 14. 
^"72 (/M«- ^5^:; inf- ?J''7I) to swal- 
low, t3 devour, to absorb Vj^ b^U 
the wealth which he hath swal- 
lowed Jb,20,i5; ''ij'] ■'i^^a-iy '7,9 
till I swallow my ' spittle, i. e. 
for a moment (see 3^233 below). 
Ntph. VZ^i to be destroyed or 
overcome J^'ll |J? 1V??J they are 
overcome by wine Is 28,7. 

Pi. Vb? (fut. Vb:^]; inf. Jib) 1) 
U) fewallow up greedily; fig. ''S 

n.« Vby'. CV?*! the mouth of the 
wicked is greedy for mischief Pr. 
19,28.— 2) to cover nis'l^ ^^^^ ^^i 
tylpD'HS yl3? and they shall 
not come to see when the holy 
things are covered Num. i, 20 
(Stb. renders y!75?:vi'hen put away; 
Puerst a. Gesenius: like the du- 
ration of a swallowing, i. e. for 
a moment, there being a similar 
expression in Arabic). — 3) to de- 
stroy D?^75! ^S^? in his wrath he 
will destroy them Ps.21,10. 

Pu. Vb^ (fut. :i???p to be de- 
stroyed, ruined □•'^f.?!? I^ft^pi 
and those that are led by them 
are destroyed Is. 9,15; with 7 to 
be ruinous for ^^^^ Vz^. ]§ lest 
it be ruinous for the king 2S,17. 

Hithp. fut. vb^Ol to destroy 
oneself, to vanish, 
J?^3 (^ V'lS; sf ■^V)2, ■V':^) m. I\ 
swallowing, thing swallowed. — 
2) destruction (Stb.: cunning) ^'^y\ 
yl29 words of destruction (or cun- 

V^ri P^- '*■ -^^ ^ ^'"S of Edom. — 
2) a son of Benjamin.— 3) a 
person mentioned in lChr.5,8. — 
4) a t<iwn, later called "isiv . 

''"737'T'2 (a compound of h2a..'['J)prep 
without, except; always with 12: 
t]B?^S n.y.'ja?? except thy husband 
Num.5,2();"''n'''?a; mni ''1??.'?3pn h a ve 
I come up without the Lord's 
will? 2K.18,25; sf •'l^Sai? ex^Jept 
me, besides me Is.43.)i- 




''7U^3 (same as nvSa ; sf. Tj"'!?'?? , 

^iki^ , '^ ''IV'??) prep- without, 
except ntn(< '''ny73 except what I 
see myself (1. e. what I soe not 
myself) Jb.34,32; T]"','].?':? except 
thee Gen.41,44; "'Tjiz' Qert.U,2i 
excepting myself, without my be- 
ing concerned; "'T,^ .? 41,16 not I. 

DS?'?3 pr. n. 1) a heathen Syrian 
T : • 

prophet. — 2^ a place in Manasseh 

(=Qy'?;i: Jud 1,27). 
pt'S (pt- ph^3) to waste, to destroy 

ni:3.'?iai]s.24,l and layeth it waste. f.'^'^^^p wasted Neh.2,11. 
D^3 on n. king of Moab. 

I T T 

^iXSrba a. 1?B*nS3 pr. n. liing of 

IB-' 73 i""- J*- *>*• 

^Th'^ ifrom 73j 1) adv. not, un- 
I'inD ■'flSa unclean IS.20,26; \ll^3 
n^D incessantly Is.14,6; "'H^? TJ 
untn there is not Jb.l4,12-,''n53^ 
not to; ''ri'rsp from not, because 
not. — 2) prep. a. conj. except ''riy^ 
Di'n except this day Gen.21,26; 
DK "iplba unless Am.3,4; with sf. 
wSa except me, ^O.!?? except thee. 

^nO.3; sf. ''niO|) f. 1) height, eleva- 
tion.— 2) heathenish altar or 
temple on an elevated place.— 
3) grave-mound, tomb-hill. 

Taa see iD. 

Dies i""- »*■ * city in Moab Num. 

21,19; ="7^3 nlD3 22,41. 
1^ (c. ]| a. |3, i)oet. iJ? Gen.49,lL 
iJ3 Num.23,18 ; «/■. iJ3 , TJJa ; ^jJ. 
CJa, c. \J3) ''I- son, child, descend- 
ant, pupil n5"it< ...|5"iK whether a 
son... or a daughter Ex.21,31; '\2_ 
tlSn son of a king Ps.71,1; ID? 15 
a male child Jer.20,15; Q''J| '?JJ D« 
the mother with the children Gen. 
82,12; D''33 ''J3 children's children 
(grandchildren) Ex.34,7; li?? \J| 
the descendants of Eber Gen. 10, 
21; N^aJ"]3 a pupil or disciple of 
a prophet Ara.7,14; Dii<''33n \J| 
the disciples of the prophets 2K. 
2,3; poet. D''li'-N \JJ Jb.1,6 or \4? 
n''S; Ps.29,1 descendants of God 
or g-^ds, i. e. angels; rilj'j?. ]5 son 
of the bow, i. e. an arrow Jb.41,20; 
nStJ'b' \j3 children of the quiver, 
i. e! arrows Lam.3,13; intt'-ja hh-^n 
morning-star, son of the dawn 
Is.l4,I2; tlS''n \:3 sons of the flame, 
i. e. sparks Jb.5,7. — Before the 
names of animals JS denotes their 
young: D''nKT|5 foal of the unicorn 
Ps.29,6; "li^3"]5 young heifer Lev. 
4,3; nji^-]5 young dove 12,6; -\:3 
"1!?*.J J'oung eagles Pr.30,17; also 
of plants: nS£3"]3 a fruitful young 
bough Gen.49,22. — ]3 also denotes 
close relation to place, time, qual- 
ity and condition: ri^3"|5 son of 
a house, i.e. one born in a house 
Gen.15,3; D'n|"?."\^3 sons of the East, 
i. e. easterners 29,lj T\y2 |3 son 
of one year, i. e. one year old 
Lev.12,6 (before all numerals in- 


dicating age ]3 signifies: old); "]3 
n"?^!? 0*^ tli6 duration of a night, in 
a night Jos.4,10! 7^n"j3 valorous 
man IS.14,52; nSl5?"|3 wicked man 
',S. 20,31; rilD-JI one deserving 
death 20,31; niSQ |3 one deserv- 
ing to be beaten Deut. 25, 2; ''iZ 
nniDri those doomed to death Ps. 
19,11; ]0'^"|5 fat, fertile l8.5,l. 

13 Ch. m. only pi. ]''J3 sons, chil- 

12 pr. n. m. Ps.9,1. 

13 c. of ]3 , occurs in several proper 
names, which follow. 3nj"'3N"]5 
IK.4,12.— ''3iK"].5 (son of my dis- 
tress) name given by Rachel to 
her son Benjamin Gen. 35,18. — 
13|-]| lK.4,13.-~ 1]3^"15 IK.4,9.— 
^!^^"|3 name of three Syrian 
kings.— njn-|5 Jer 7,3, etc.— "]| 
Sip 2Chr.l7,7.— lJn-|5 lChr.4, 
20.— nDn']3 lK.4,lo.— I^Pni 
gent. "'J''Pri| IS.9,21 or '':''i?P'13 
Jud.3,15; 2S.'l6,ll;jjJ. ''ro; 1J|' Jud. 
19,16.— ■'Syil Gen.19,38 (after- 
wards jisy). 

XJ3 Ch. see nJ3 . 

T : "^ • 

nj| (/■«(. nj?:, ]^;:;pt. has; pi.^). 

•'1J3, f. nyj3; mf. rii3, niJ3) 1) to 
build, to form, to erect, to raise, 
to establish, to restore. — 2) to 
build on, to cover with buildings 
"inn n« 15 n and he built on the 
hill IK.16,24. 
Ntph. nJ3J (fut. nJ3; ; inf. niJ3n) 

62 xra 

J^ to be built, to be established, 
to be restored. — 2j to get chil- 
dren nigp nJ3N I may get chil- 
dren by her Gen.16,2. (in this 
sense nJ3J is a denom, from |3). 

,133 Ch. {inf. Kp39- also n;j39; 
;)f. ^2. 1^13) to build. 
Ithp. sisriK to be built. 

•"Ilj^ i>j-. n. m. (=''J3 Ez.2,10). 

1333 (comp. Germ, a. Eng. band) to 
bind, to gird, whence tS|13K. 

" T 

'33 J"*- w. m. 

p"l3 ''33 i"". w. a place in Dan. 

m:i f. building. 

'n^i^ pr. n. m. 


Q'>33' =n,''J''3 , see ]'<2 . 

rC.Iia i""- ™- •^z' Benjamin, youngest 
I • t: ■ 

son of Jacob. — 2) tribe of Ben- 
jamin and its territory; gent. ]3 
''J''!?^ , also ''J''D) . 
1''33 »»■ building. 

It: • 

•13'33 pr. **■ ™- 

D33 Ch. to be angry. 

nr33 i»-- «■ »». =Ky;3 ichr.9,43. 

n''1lD3 i""- w. m. 

'D3 !"'• w. m. 

"1D31 («/"• i'1p3) »!. unripe or sour 

103 same as 'IDS . 

V I •'" 

XrS a. ny? Ch. i) to search, pL 
pi. ];??3.— ^j to ask, to pray. 




IVl a. 1^3 (sf. ^'&.2 a. •'Jnra , 

^i??5, "^^H-SS; '''^V.2, ijny.3 a. 
1J''pr3, DsisJa) p-ep. i; for, for 
the sake of 'iE*BJ "ly? for his soul 
Jh.2,4; Tin.S?3 S'f SO; 'he will pray 
for thee Gen.20,7;' i:in?J.3 Am.9,10 
for our sake; iliiyi? nr:? n;n have 
been for dens (i. e, are become 
denst Is.32,14.— 2) through l??! 
p?nn through the window Gen. 
26,8. — 3) about, around, behind 
''15?3 IIJl he hath placed a fence 
around me Lam.3,7; ''1S?3 p.'J a 
shield around me Ps.3,4; li^ip^j 
inys and he closed it behind him 
Gen.7,16; with D : from behind 
rjjnBvS n5J3D from behind thy veil 
nrS (/«*• ns?31 ; imp. pi. T'^S) I) to 

T T 

boil, to make bubble up n^jn CD 

tJ*K as fire maketh water boil Is. 

64,1.— 2) to desire, to inquire DN 

W3 ]V^^Fl if ye desire, desire Is. 

Niph. n?J3J. to be laid open, to 

be searched out TiJ^Sy? ^V^i his 

hidden things were laid open Ob.6. 
1|j;3 Ch. (def. KinirS) f. request, 

11l?3jP'"- >*■ a place in Reuben =]''J'P , 

see pj;i? "^J^l IT'S (under n''3). 
^1J?3 i'»'- «• 1) father of DW^I . — 

2) another person. 
DTl^^'a ™- P^- (only ". "'O^J'? and 

sf. T^O^V^) terrors, 
jjf^ pr. n. Boaz i) kinsman and 

second husband of Ruth.— 2) name 

of a pillar of Solomcin's temple. 
12173 (M- 225??'.) to trample, to kick 

Deut.32,15; IS.2,29. 
tj^l (=iy3) TO. prayer -rh^\ ''VS'^h 

SJW IpS ^n'S3-D« T no prayer 
availeth when he stretchethout his 
hand, nor a cry for help when he 
sendeth them his calamity Jb.30, 
24; Vulgate: not for their ruln(.'V^) 
thou stretchest forth thy hand, and 
when they fallthou wiltbriugthero 
help (S?1B> = nvW)). 
yVl m. coll. cattle Qen.45,17. 

7r3 (/M*. ^1^'.) 1) to rule, to pos- 
sess. — 2) to marry, to espouse; 
pt. '^5?i3 spouse, husbandj pt. p. f 
nh'^V'z espoused, married woman 
b^3 nSvi a man's wife Gen. 20,3. 

Niph. 'fut. hv2:^ to be espoused, 
to be taken to wife Pr.30,23. 

bV2 (.^'■>^; sf. >'?S3, n^p; pi 
Di'jys . c. "''r.ys , sf. v^y? , n'Sy| ; 

pi. sometimes used as sing.) m. 1) 
possessor, owner, master, lord 
riisn ^^^ possessor of the house 
Jud. 19,22; WH bs?3 owner of the 
ox Bx.21,28; D^iJ ^hv^ lords of 
nations Is.16,8; £33^ '''5i!3 posses- 
sors (i. e. inhabitants) ofShechem 
Jud.9,2; D^^n ^'pV2 the masters oi 
arrows (i. e. archers) Gen.49,23; 
nid'^nn '7^3 master of the dreams 
(i. e. dreamer) 37,13; pi. as sing. 
T''?M nj^'jl and its owner shall 
taYe Bx.22,10; ni|?y? Bc.7,12 its 
possessor.— 2) one who has 7^5 
"li?ty he who has hair, i. e. a hairy 
man 2K.1,8; nn.J'l hv2 one whf> 
has a cause Bx.24,14; n^? '''P.^.? 




they who have a covenant with, 
i. e. confederates Gen.14,13; 7^3 
niEJS) one who has cunning, i. e. 
a tricky fellow Pr.24,8; ]wh hvz 
one who has a tongue, i, e. a 
talker Ec.10,11; "'DSC^p h'J2 he 
who hath a dispute with me Is. 
50,8; also of animals and inanimate 
objects: f]J3 hV2 that which has 
wings, i. e. a winged creature, a 
bird Pr.1,17; ni'?''"! h'J^ ..OliD a 
threshing-instrument... having 
edges Is 41,15.- 3) one who is 
given to *]« 7^3 a man given to 
anger Pr.22,24; H'^fim b'J2 one 
given to destruction, i. e. a de- 
stroyer 28,9.— 4) husband, spouse 
r\f^ Sya the husband of a wo- 
man, a married man Ex.21,3. — 
5) pr. n. supreme god of the Syro- 
Phenician peoples, namei under 
its different aspects: ^1^^3 hV2 
(Baal of the Covenant!, JUf h'JS 
(Baal of the Flies, i e. the keeper 
off of vermin), ni^^S 'rSJa (Baal of 
the Shame-uncovering1, etc.; pi. 

7S?3 occurs in many compound 
names of places, the more im- 
portant of which am: "M b'42 at 
the foot of Hermon. — JiDH '3 where 
king Solomon had a vineyard 
Cant.8,11.— Ilvn '3 in Benjamin.— 
poin '3 near Mount Harmon.— 
jlri? '3 in Reuben =pyD bV2[V2.- 
D^yiS '3 where David defeated 
the Philistines. — JiBX '3 in Egypt 
(=IIeropolis).— r\^^^ '3 near 

Mount Ephraim. — IDri '3 not far 
from Gibeah=nSsJ3 lChr.13,16.— 
m^rV' ^bv2 2S.6,2 =n'?y3 Jos. 15,9. 

7J?3 Ch. m. same as Heb. 7y3; pos- 
sessor, owner, etc. DWD TJ2 lord 
of the council, i. e. chancellor 

nbV2 f- mistress ni^n n'?y3 the 

T -; - • 

jnistress of the house IK.17,17; 
D''BB'3 ri7S?3 mistress of sorcery, 
i. e. enchantress Nah.3,4. 
nT:S?3 pr. n. 1) a city in the north 
of" Judah='7y3 nnpa.Di'ir'' n"'"ip . 
— 3) a city in the south of Judah 

=n^3 jos.19,3 a. nnSs ichr.4,29. 

nl'TSTS pr. n. a place In the south 
of Judah. 

]3n ^)i2 pr- n. king of Edom. 

V''\''bV2pr. n. son of David =J?n"''7N . 

/T^l?3 pr- n. m. 

0^^173 pr. n. king of the Ammon- 

n'^rS pr- n. a city in Dan. 

T -; - 

N3X73 pr. n. m. 

T -; - 

nJJ721 pr. n. m, 

ira I. {fut. ir^^ ; pt. 1S3, f. nny's, 

nn3J3, nnJJa) to be on Are, to 
burn, to consume. 

Pi. nr J. (fut. i??3i ; tnf. *iya) i) 

to kindle, to burn 'ira ^T^K is 
not sufficient for burning 18.40, 
16.— 2J to destroy, to root out, 
to remove D'^.^.D Dr)*1U3 ye have 
destroyed the vineyard Is.3,14; 
yj? 51???^ and ye shall root out 




(or remove) the evil Deut.13,6; 
"1?!| Dll^l and with a spirit of 
destruction ls.4,4. 
Pu. "1U2 {pt. lahD) to be kindled. 

Hiph. T^r^n {fut. "ijjaiJ!, pt. 

1^jJ5'3) to kindle, to burn, to de- 

11?3 11. (fut. IV^); pt. iraj to he- 
come hrutish, to be stupid 115?,^! 
I'7p3^1 they shall become brutish 
and' foolish Jer.l0,8i pt. pi. Diia's 
Ez.21,36 brutish men. 
Niph. ly^J to become stupid. 

^rS m. stupidity "IJJa B>''« a stupid 

man Ps.92,7. 

J<")J?2 pr. n, m. 
T-; - 

mi?3 f- fire, hurning. 

T" : 

iWV^ pi'- »■ king of Israel. 
mn!J'l?3 -^^ n. a city in Manasseh 

=ninr!t?y ichr.6,56. 

n!?3 Niph. ril?aj to be frightened. 
Pi. ni'3 (3 «. f. with sf. •'vOplja , 

inpy?; i?J. /■. with «/■. Tjnvip)" to 

frighten, to trouble, 
nnra f. fright, terror. 

T T : 

Y^ m. mud, mire. 

TVi2, f. swamp; V^N^f? Bz.57,11 for 

Ti^B or niV2 a<y. Ktib Zch.11,2 for 

TiVI .8, which see. 
11X3 Jb.22,24 ace. Puerst a. Stb. 

same as "1^5 gold-ore. but from 
^ the context it is evident that it 

is from "m stone: 1Sy-':'r-n"'ti'1_ 

na* n;ni : T'Sik di^hj mvai n^i 

.t.T]'''1V3 throw the gold into thu 
dust and the [gold of] Ophir to tlio 
stones of the brooks, and the Al- 
mighty will he thy gold (thy 
treasure\.. Jb.22,24 a. 25, 

^^3 ^r. n. m. 

^1^3 1) m. (c. 11V3) time of cutting 
grapes, vintage.— 2) adj. =niV| 
cut off, inaccessible T'V|n "ly: 
the inaccessible (impregnable) 
wood Zch.11,2. 

7X3 (only i)!, DvS?) "»• onion. 

T T ' 

7N'7"i3 i""- «• Bezaleel, the artificer 
who executed the works of art 
on the Tabernacle Ex. 31,2. 

!;X3 (/■«<■ VVa: ; i)t. rp ; inf. 2;V3) 

'^ — T • ' ' • 

i; to cut off nrxa Am.9,1 for 

Dl'Va cut thsm off.'— 2) to be 
broten apart IJ^Vil K7 they shall 
not break Jo.2,8.— 3) to get gain 
(unrighteously), to rob Vf^ 5JV3 
to get gain Ez.22,27. 

Pi. Ti^ (.fut. V'i^)) 1) to cut off 
''jyVi"' n'7'lD from the thrum he 
will cut me off (i. e. he will cut 
off the thread of my life) Is.38, 

12.— 2) to rob pf j;3 ■r\\v^ "'vvifn 

and thou didst rob thy neighbors 
by extortion Ez 22,12. — 3) to com- 
plete, to accomplish njr.V5Jil ri^ 
his hands shall complete it Zcb. 
4,9; in"JI?X V'i^ he hath accom- 
plished his word Lam.2,17. 
!/X3 (s/'- ^J'V?) »«• unjust gain, 

' -IV 

profit, lucre ^^3 «Ai2* he that 
hateth unjust gain Pr.28,16; "HD 
Vt^. what profit is there Ps.30,10. 

p^3 I. to swell up HiTXa n"? vl^n 
thy foot did not swell Deut.8,4. 

p^l II. (»/■ ipV^l) m. dough. 

np'SS ;»■. w. a place in the plain 
of Judah. 

^S3 (./■»<• I'Sf^t) prop- to cut off, 
hence: i) to gather grapes; pt. 
1Vi3 vintager.— 2) to diminish, 
to lessen D''n"'JJ nn I'vn; he di- 
minisheth (i. e. restraineth) the 
spirit of the powerful Ps.76,13. — 
3) to fortify, to malfe inacces- 
sible ni1S3 T'y a fortified city 
ls.27,10; fig'. nilV? Jer.33,3 inac- 
cessible, incomprehensible things. 
Niph. fut. 1X1^ to be cut off; 
only fig. to be withheld 1X|1 i<'^ 
nstp T]PQ no design can be with- 
held from thee Jb.42,2. 

Pi. inf. 1.V3 to make inacces- 
sible, to fortify. 

1^:^ ipl- C'l^?) m. 1) gold-ore Jb. 
22.24. — 2) pr. n. a) a city in 
Reuben. 6) a person mentioned 
in lChr7,37. 

ilTil f- 1) fence, fold.— 2) pr. n. 
fortified city of the Edomites. 

m^J3 Ps.9,10 a. 10,1 like TTfi^ is 
regarded by some as a derivative 
from "|V3 to cut off, to deprive, 
and is rendered: privation, want. 

ini3 »». stronghold. 

66 J^ 

njil (pi- 'liip) f- want, lack of 

rain, drought. 
p^3p3 i) '»• bottle.— 2) pr. n. m, 

iTp3p3 pr- n. m. 

1p3p3 pr. n. m. 

*p3 pr. n. a) prince of the trihe of 

Dan. 6) a high-priest. 
■liTpS pr. ». »». 
vii^' {ov\y pi. □''Vp?, c. '<r''p3) m. 

- It'T 

cleft, rent, breach. 

j;p2 (/«*■ VPJ?) ; pt- 5?i?.3) i) to split, 

to divide, to rip up; with 3 to 
break through, to invade. — 2) to 
split eggs in brooding, hence: 
to hatch. 

Niph. ypji: (fut. VpS)) to be split, 
to be broken, to be shattered, to 
burst forth; to be hatched. 

Pi. ^[33 (3 pi. ^Vil?} ; fvt. Vpy"? 
1\ to cleave, to split, to tear; to 
hatch. — 2) to cause to break 
forth ninyp nn ''rirp31 and I will 
cause storms to break forth Ez. 

pu. vp? (/wt. Up.?". ; pt. vpyq) 1) 

to be rent, to be burst open. — 
2) to be stormed ni*f33D T'l? a city 
that is stormed Ez. 26,10. 

Hiph. i?''p3n 1) to break through, 
to force one's way '^'Q'''}^ Tp^^b 
Dnx to force the way to the king 
of Edom 2Iv.3,26.— 2) to force to 
surrender 1J\.K n|?J''p3j1 and we 
shall force her (the city) to sur- 
render to us Is.7,6. 

Soph. 3^il3n to be forced to sur- 




Hithp J^(?3i^n to be cleft, to be 

J?p3 "*. prop, half (from yj3.| to 
divide), hence; half-shekel. 

Nrp3 Ch. f. valley. 

nrp3 (c. nypa i pi. rfiVp2) f. valley, 
low plain. 

ppS I. ipt- pp.^) 1) to empty, to 
make waste, to plunder pf3i3 ilin^. 
J''ixn the Lord maketh the land 
waste Is.24,1; D''f2i?l3 Qlpp^p plun- 
derers have plundered them Nah. 
2,3.— .3j iig. to make void ''npai 
r\'V,T\\ n'Sy-n« and I win make 
void the counsel of Judah Jer. 

Niph. pSJ {fut. p\2\; inf. plan) 
to be emptied, to become void. 

Pi. ppia to lay waste (same as 

pDI n. (only pt. ppia Hos.10,1) ace. 
Puerst: to grow luxuriantly(Ar. p^ 
to bloom out); the rendering 'to be 
empty' does not suit the context. 

*1D3 I. Pi. 1i?3 (fv-t. "li^a: ; inf. 1p3) 


to search, to examine, to look 
after, to consider Ijiii'? ^'^'X\\ "lO^ 
to search (or to look) after vows 
Pr.20,25; fi^. 'h r^':f\\ shall be for 
me to consider 2K.16,15; with^to 
meditate (Stb.) i'^D'^n:? 113.5'? to me- 
ditate on his temple Ps.27,4; with 
]''5 to distinguish iito J''? 1|?.5'. ^^ 
y'h he shall make no distinction 
between good and bad Lev.27,33; 
with S to search, to seek ..."^liii; ^^ 
13JB>V shall not seek the hair Lev. 


13,36; with accus. to inspect, to 
review iJKVnt? 1|?5S I will re- 
view my sheep Kz.34,12. 

1p3 Ch. Pa. to search into, to 
examine. — Itp. to be searched. 

"Ip3 II. (''en. from 1g3 , which see) 
to be a herd; only j)<. Ip.iS a herds- 
man, a shepherd. 

")p3 \\\.(den. from1|?3, which see) 
only Pi. inf. "Ip.5'? Ps.27,4 to ap- 
pear or visit every morning; but 
see 1[13 I. 

*1D3 (c- ii2.?; «/"• 1^!]p?) cow- cM. 
horned cattle, oxen, cows H^pn 
ipa five oxen Bx.21,37; n'hv ipi 

fTT ' ^ T ITT 

sucking cows; jjZ. D^1|"j? Am.6,12. 
li^l |5 calf. 

np'S (JP^- °''1P?) »»• -'^ morning 31.3 
Ifjil evening and morning Ps.55, 
18;"lp32 "ljJ33 Ex.30,7 every morn- 
ing; 'nniTi^ Is,33,2 and D-'li^.iS 
Jb.7,18 every morning. — 2) to- 
morrow morning "Ip.SD 1?? till next 
morning Jud.5,31, — 3) fig. early, 
soon TJIpn np25 1Ji?3a> satisfy us 
early with thy mercy Ps.90,14. 

n^P2l (c- rilpl) verb. n. f. searching, 
reviewing il"!?? n??"! nij35? as a 
shepherd searcheth (or revieweth) 
his flock Ez.34,12. 

mbS f- inquiry, punishment fllpi 
n.''njjl there shall be punishment 
Lev. 19,20. 

tyna Pi. typa (fut tTMi ; pt. B'pra:' 

l-T • • 

i) to seek, to search, to strive, 
to desire. — 2) to require, to de- 




mand tpiA^. ^T^ iOT I will de- 
mand his blood from thy hand 
Ea.3,18. — 3) to ask, to pray, to 
beseech iti'SJ hv V^^h to ask for 
his life Est. 7, 7; Wdtp n^ip^iJ! 
and we besought our God Bzr.8,23. 
Pu. ti>i?j3 {fwt.'Jf^J}]) to be sought 
Ez 26,21. '■ 
nCJ'pS f- request, desire Est.5,7. 

13 i, Ch. (sf. na , nna ; pi. yi2) m. 

son B'JH. 13 son of man Dan.7,13, 
Y'?^^. 11 son of the gods, i. e. an 
angel 3,25; like the Heb. ]3 it ex- 
presses relation to age: ]^Jt? 13 
\''F\y sixty years old Dan.6,1. — 
In Heb. ^3 occurs only in poetry 
Pr.31,2. In "ll'lp?*! Ps.2,12 the 
word is of doubtful signification. 
This phrase has received various 
tnlerpretations, as: 'kiss the son', 
i. e. do homage to him (Aben Ezra), 
'arm yourselves with purity' (Ra- 
shi, see pB'J II. and13), 'receive in- 
struction' (Targum),ftc. The inter- 
pretation 'kiss the son' is not at all 
suitable, it being plain from the 
context that the words refer to God 
himself, and not to the king whom 
God calls his son (v. 7); the other 
interpretations are obviously 
strained- The word 13 here is per- 
haps an early scribe's error for 13, 
arising from the similarity (since 
the times of Ezra) of the letters 1 
and T , so that the phrase probably 
was ^3-ip^3 signifying 'attach 
to him' (see p^^ L and "3 3), 
whicii v¥..Ui.a admirably suit tbt 

context: l^ijl nNT3 l\-n^. H^V 

• • • ni^.ni ^^'^^ 13"''P?'l ' 'I??!? 

12 "'Din-'7| iTk^X serve the Lord 
with fear, and rejoice with trem- 
bling; attach to him, lest he be 
angry... Blessed are all they that 
put their trust in him Ps.2,11 a. 12. 

"13 II. m. corn I3n-n8 15G^"np 

whath hath the straw to do with 
the corn? Jer. 23,28. 

13 III. Heb. a. Oh. (Ch. def. NIS) 
m. field, open country DiTj3 ID'^iT 
133 131J their children become 
strong and grow up in the field 
Jb.39,4; N13 nvn the beasts of the 
field Dan.2,38. 

13 IV. (f. ni3 , pi. m. c. 113) adj. 

1) pure, clear, bright 331 13 pure 
of heart. Ps.24,4, HOnS ,113 bright 
as the sun Cant 6,10. — 5i chosen, 
select nniSi'''? «"'n ni3 she is the 
chosen of her that bore her Cant. 
6,10.— 5; clean, empty n''sS« ]iN'3 

13 D13X without oxen the crib is 
empty Pr. 14, 4 (others : without 
oxen there is no granary of corn; 
see 13 II.). 

13,113 m.i^purity,cleanness il'' 13 
the purity of my hands Ps. 18,21.— 

2) lye (=i1"'13) ifiS 133 ^nisri I 
cleanse my hands with lye Jb. 9, 30. 

K13 I. (/"«<■ f<1?: \pt. K13 ; imp. N13 j 
inf.c X1|) prop, to cut out, hence, 
to form, to make, to create Gen.l,lj 
Is 65,18; Ps 51,12. 

Niph. «1?3 {inf. «13n) to bo 
created, to be made DH13ri3 when 
they were created Gen. 2,4. 

Pi. N13 1) to cut down iri.Sl3'l 
and thou shalt cut it down Jos 



17,18; nnli^n^: |;nOi« «1| cut them 
down with their swords Ez.23,47,— 
2) to cut out N;13 T1 and cut out 
a guide-mark Bz.21,24 (others: and 
select a place; see ITlS I. 
Nia II- Hiph. inf. N''^3^ to fatten, 

T T 

to be well-fed (akin to ITja II., 
which see). 

1j^^^'^3 see ;iiki!?. 

T T ; 

-l^-^a (only i)J. nnS'ia) m. fat bird 

(capon or goose) 1 K. 5, 3. 
"na 10 hail Is, 32, 19. 


*T13 m. hail Ex. 9, 13. 

T T 

113 (pL C^'1'13 adj'. prop, hall-like, 

hence: sprinkled, spotted, grisled 

Gen. 31, 10; Zch. 6, 3. 
nil's (from 1D|) f. hail Is. 32, 19 

(according to others inf. of TT^)- 
T13 jjr n. 1) IChr. 7, 20.— 2; place 

in the desert of Shur Gen. 16, 14. 
n'lS I. (,imp. pi, ^12) to select, to 

T T 

choose 1 S. 17, 8. 

ma II. {fut nna:) to eat 2s. 13, e. 

TT " • 

Riph. nnan (fut. nn?:; inf. m"i?n) 

to give to eat Dn.*? ''P!l?05 and 
give me to eat 28.13,5. 

Dl13 (onlyiJi. D''Di'13) m. colored 

cloth, damask. 
£^1*13 (i'^- C^'il?) »»»• •') cypress, 

pine.— 2) spear of cypress wood, 
nna (only i)«. D''Cii1|) »». =^'11? . 
nn3 1 '^^"'1 /"• ^°°*^' nourishment 

lOna? in my food P8.69,22; ni13; 
Lam.4,10 is regarded by some as 

Pi. inf of nna ii. 

nrinS J"*- »*• a city in Syria. 


nlT13 Ktib lChr.7,31 jpr. ». f. 
n'TII Kri for nin? , which see. 
7^12 »»■ 1) iron. — .3) iron-tool, 

axe.— 3) fetter. 
'''?T"13 i"*. n. m. 

ma (M- niai ; imp. n"]3 ; m/". nnr) 

i) to flee, to run away, to escape.— 
2) to go through, to pass through 

D''e>ni3n rjin? nn^S to pass ihrougii 

the midst of the boards Ex.30,33. 
mph. W}.^^ (pi. H'y^l^) 1) to 
put to flight; with "^SD to drive 
away.— 2\ to pass through n''13%! 
nyi5n"'r8< nVisn-jP passing from 
end to end Ex.26,28. 
n"l3 see nn.| . 

- I'T ' ^ 

'ttrria (for '•anna) gent, a native 

of D^ina , which see. 
''13 i"'- w. m, 
n3 Jb.37,11 see n . 

^<''^3 (/■- nN"'n3 , Ez.34,20 nna ; pL 

m! D>'n.|, /■. nixna) ofZj. fat, 
fattened N^S tr'>N a fat man Jud. 
3,17; nE>| niNin? fat in flesh Gen. 
41,2; of ears of grain: full D-iSaB^n 
niwnan the fuU ears 7; of food: 
nourishing nN''']3 TOKD his food 
is nourishing Hab.1,16. 

nt<''"13 /"• a thing created; a new 
T * : 

phenomenon, a novelty. 




nna -o f. food.— 5) o^y-. =nKn? 

(see N'''13). 

n'13 {pi. cnna, c. ''n''*i3) w. i) 

- I- : ■ • , = 

bar, bolt n^l^l ^V^^'l gates and 

bar Deut.3,5; of the earth: H'^nna 
Jon.2,7 its bars (which barricade 
an entrance into its bosom). — 2) 
bar for fastening togethert..D^n'''13 
]|?'?D V% ^^yb. bars .. for the 
boards of the side of the taber- 
nacle Ex.26,27.— H'^rji'ia Is.15,5 
ace. old commentators: its fugi- 
tives; Stb.: Its fortified borders. 

n♦^3 1) adj. fleeting, flying ni3 mi 
the flying serpent Is.27,1; also of 
the serpent as the northern con- 
stellation, the northern dragon Jb. 
26,13.— 2) D''n''"l3 Is.43,14 ace. an- 
cient interpreters: in ships; Puerst 
a. Stb.: bolts, bars (=D''nn3). 

|T*13 pr. n. m. 
— ex 

ir")3 i""' ^- of a place. 

ni^*"l3 pr- n. son of Asher, 
X • : 

17 and of other persons; pair. 

••rna . 

tV^jl f- covenant, league; virith 013 
to make a covenant. 

Ti| (M- Tl^l^ V to kneel, to bow 
npr\49': n?n3J let us kneel be- 
fore the Lord Ps.95,6; hv T)1J>J 
VS")? and he bowed upon his knees 
2Chr.6,13.— S) to bless, to praise; 
]at. p. T]113 blessed, praised. 
Niph. ?]^?J to be blessed. 
Pi. ?in3 "a. ^113 (fut. ?113^. ; pt. 
:itl3D ; inf. ?11|) 1) to bless, to 

praise, to greet. — 2) to curse, to 

blaspheme ^^SJ D'^^li'^N ri5^3 thou 

hast blasphemed God and the king 

Pu. r\i2 {pt. tj^bl?) to be blessed, 

to be praised. 
Siph. t]"''13i1' to make kneel down 

D''^O^n-ng tl!ia.''j and he made the 

camels kneel down Gen.24,11. 
Hithp. ?ltl3rin to bless oneself, 

to praise oneself. 
T|*1^ Ch. 1) to bow, to kneel; pt. TJIS 

he bowed Dan.6,11. — 2) to praise; 

pt. p. Tjn? praised 3,28. 
T|"n3 {du. D:31.3, c. "13^3 a. "'D'l?) 

f. knee, lap. 
■nla Ch. f. knee. 
'7Xil3 pr. n. m. 

nD13 (c. n3i3, pi. niaia , c.ni3n3) 

f. 1) blessing. — 2) object of 
blessing. --3^ present. — 4J peace 
2K. 1\3 1. — 5) pr. n, a) a person 
lGhr.12,3. b) a place 2Chr. 20, 26. 

n^ia (c. n3n|,|)?.ni3:i?) f. pond, 
pool Is.7,3!Nah.2,9;Gant.7,5. 

n^^ia a. in;?."13 ^r. n. i; father of 
the prophet Zechariah Zch.1,1.— 
2) son of Zerubbabel 1 Chr.3,20. 

Q"1S Ch. conj. however, yet. 

3?II"]3 pr. n. a place near Kadesh. 

yi? i""- w. king of Sodom. 

n^"!! lChr.7,23 ace. Fuerst: a gift 

(Ar. J^13 to give). 
pnS {imp. pil^) to shine, to lighten 


p'53 pi13 send forth, a lightning 
Ps. 144,6! 

pna 1. (c. pi?; pi nv.:i?) m. 1) 
flash, lightning p"1| Kz.1,13 light- 
ning-flash; DiplJI rbp thunders 
and lightnings 'Ex.19,16.— 8) 
brightness, glitter ''310 pia the 
glitter of my sword Deut 32,41. — 
3) pr.n. commander, who together 
with Deborah defeated the Cana- 

Ip'ia (only pi. CJg.'ia) TO. thorn. 
nD*13 *• '^P''5 /"• emerald (a pre- 


cious stone), 
113 (pi- P- ^^13 ; inf. 13) 1) to sep- 
arate, to choose, to select ''O'''^?^ 
Cllisn D3ID and I will separate 
from you the rebellious Ez.20,38; 
nillia \^'£ select (i. e. choice) 
sheep Neh5,18.— 5) to cleanse, 
to polish, to purify; pt.p. 1113 f n 
a polished arrow 18.49,2; fig. of 
speech: njlli nEB> a pure lan- 
guage Zph.3,9; as adv. "^Ill clearly 
Jb.33.— 3) ace. Stb.: to examine 
(see 113); with «f. Q^■1'7.N Dl^b Ec. 
3,18 that God may examine them. 

Niph. 133 {fut. 131 ; «»ip. IISH) 
to keep oneself pure; pt. 13J he 
who is pure. 

Pi. 113 {inf. 113 with h Xi^^) 
to purify. 

Hiph. 13n (mf. 13n) ij to cleanse 
(grain) 131^ »'h\ nil?': Si'' not to 
winnow, nor to cleanse Jer.4,11.— 
2) to polish, to point D''vnn njn 

71 orn 

polish the arrows 51,11. 

Hithp. I"i3rin (/■«*. ii2n^) to 

show oneself pure 113nJ1 13J DSf 
with one who is pure show thy- 
self pure Ps. 18,27; in 28.22,27 

I3riri for iisnn. 

ySJf*")3 i""- »• king of Gomorrah. 

\n"i3 see nnii3. 

I'ltJ'S i""- w. a brook near Gaza. 

niltJ'a see niE>3. 

752^3 jy wij". to boil, to seethe. — 
2) to ripen, to be ripe 1''V|"3 7&3 
the harvest is ripe Jo. 4,13. 

Pi. hm {fut. hf.y'^ tr. to boil, 
to cook, to roast. 
Pm. h^^ {pt. "jf 3P) to be boiled. 
Hiph. ^^?*3j7I to make ripe, to 

%'2, if- n^ti*3) adj. boiled, cooked. 

Q7{^3 pr. n. m. 

Ui!1 (sf. ''I?tl'3) TO. balsam-plant. 

atJ'3 a. i:b'3 (pi. n''Dfe>3) TO. aromat- 
icodor, fragrance, spice D2>.5]DJj5 
cinnamon of spice (fragrant cin- 
namon), Di2>3 rijp spicy reed Ex. 
30,23; cab?? ''tyNI the chief of 
spices Cant.4,14. 

nnt:'3 i"-. «■ f. 

— : T 

1^*3 pr. n. Bashan, a country on 
the eastern side of the Jordan. 

(1^2*3 /• shame. 

DtJ.'3 (only once Pi. for DDl3, from 
D13) to tread upon SvSsJ 030^13 
your treading upon the poor Am. 




"\^2 Pi- 1^? i) to announce, to 

— T 

bring glad tidings; jjt. "IE'5'? {/"• 
n^^iP)messengerof good news. — 
2) to relate, to tell, to declare. 

Hithp. "ife'Snn to be told good 

*ia'3 (c. "1^1 i 2)2. D'''1|>3J w. i) flesh, 
meat l^inTlg ^^?^] and they 
shall eat the flesh Ex.12,8.— 8) ' 
flesh, body IB'3 'I^^J^ weariness 
of the body Ec.12,12; ' □•'1.^5 \>n i 
the life of the body (bodily'life) j 
Pr.14,30.— 3) living creature (in- 
cluding man) 1^3 73 1 very living 
creature Gen.6,12. — 4) blood-re- 
lation, kin Nin iJlB^i ^:''I1!< he is 
our brother, our kin; iththis sense 
especially with HNB* (which see): 
i'lB'S "lt<2> hie nearest of kin Lev. 

lE'S Ch. w. 1) flesh.— 2) living 

n'pl a. nnw? f. 1) glad tidings, 
message ri'T,2'3 !!*''(< a message- 
bearer 28.18,20.— 2) reward for 
a message ITTE^a i'7"'';^ri'7 l^'K who 
[thought] that I should give him 
a reward for the message 2S.4,10. 

ne-'a {sf. nw|, nntfi, etc) f. 

shame, disgrace; /rj. of an idol: 
ri^aS ninatD altars to the shame- 
ful idol (in allusion to the '^^3) 

ra I- (=i^?l, from|3; »f. ''i?3;_pj. 
niJ3, c. niJ|) /•. i; daughter, fe- 
male descendant, woman,maiden IK 
n5 ^W "•••13 whether a son... or a 

daughter Ex.21,31; apl3 niSN? as 
the mother is, so is her daughter 
Ez.I6,44; niJ31 D''J3 sons and 
daughters Gen,5,5; DT,ljri niJ3 the 
daughters of man, prop, female 
descendants of Adam Gen.6,2; 
''J*!l?5 riiJ3p iJ^S nf « a wife foi 
my son from the daughters, i. e, 
maidens, of the Canaanite Gen. 
24,3; of female inhabitants of a 
city or country: niir^'TT; ni:3 the 
daughters, i e female inhabi- 
tants, of Jerusalem Cant.1,5; ri1J3 
f l^'iT the women or female inhab- 
itants of the land Gen. 34,1; poet. 
of a country or nation: ]i'V ^5 
the daughter of Zion, i. e. Zion 
IsJ,8; h'.\^ r!3 the daughter of 
Babel, i. s. Babylonia Ps.137,8; 
^Bi?"n3 (he daughter of my people, 
i. e. my people Ji^r. 14,17; in con- 
nection with cities; environs, vil- 
lage (small places dependent on 
larger being considered as their 
daughters): n'"f]iJ31 ni Gath and 
its villages lChr.18,1; with Hir^ 
it expresses the feminane of the 
animahnJSJ.innSthe female ostrich 
Lev.11,16, 'pi. njy.l niJ3 Is.l3,21; 
f,g. ]^l?"n3 the pupil of the eye 
Ps.17,8 (but see n331; of young 
boughs or shoots (like |3): niJ3 
"lltt* 1^.5? nnrv shoots running over 
the fence Gen 49,22.— 2) ns also 
expresses relation to age or con- 
dition: Q^JJtl'n ns ninety years old 
Gen. 17,17 (comp. ]3) ; 'I'^m nii3 
daughters of song, i. e. singers 
Ec.\2,4.— 3) in proper names: 




CaTna a place near Heshbon.— 
V5^'r)2 wife of Uriah, afterwards 
of DavitI,— yitl'Tia a person men- 
tioned in lChr.3,5. 

n3 n. (pi. D^ri3) m. a measure for 

liquids (of the same capacity as 
n|"'i< for dry goods). 

nri3 {pi- riinS) f. prop, something 
cut off or separated, hence: a 
waste, a desert nr}2 inr)''B>S] and 
I will ccnvert it into a waste Is. 
5,6; ninrn ■'^nj the valleys of the 
wastes 7.19. 

t^S^n^ i""- «■ flix' father of Laban 
and Rebecca, h) a city in Simeon 
=Sin3 Jos. 19,4. 

nbina (c n^ina-, pi. ni'rina) /". 

virgin, maiden, bride n^iri3...'iy.iini 

nyT nS e'"'K1and the damsel... was 
T T : • : 

a virgin whom no man had known 
Gen.24-,16; n|»nK K7 "^fS nhns a 
maiden that is not betrothed Ex. 

22,15; ni-j^yj Vsja-'ry ...nhn?? 

like a bride [lamenting] for the 
betrothed of her youth Jo. 1,8; 
poet, of the Jewish nation: nSiri? 

tS'12>) the virgin of Israel Am. 

5,2; '■'12^ n3 nhn? the virgin of 

my people Jer.14,17. 
CbinS (c. V^"I3) m. pi. virginity. 

maidenhood, signs of virginity. 
n\121 i""- *»■ daughter of Pharaoh. 

nina see nna. 

Q'<P\2 see n^a. 

Q-iriB see na II. 

pn3 Pi- to cut asunder tllpHil 

□rii3"!n2 and they shall cut thee 

asunder with their swords Ez. 

"1713 Pi. fut. ina^ to cut into pieces, 

to divide. 
iril Ch. prep, after (from 10^2 

- T '" 

=10t?.3 after the place). 
ins »*• -(J what is cut off, a piece, 

a part;*/. 1"in3 Gen. 15,10; pi. nnn? 

Jer.34,18 a. 19. — 2) a place cut 

through, a cleft "l{p? "^1? deft 

mountains Cant.2,17 (others: the 

mountains of Bether). 
inns "Pr. n. a ravine on the eastern 

bank of the Jordan. 

3 the third letter of the alphabet, 
called ^D.? =''?| camel, from its 
original similarity to the form of 
a camel's neck; as a numeral 
J=8, j=3,000. 

X2 (='^^.■3) f^j- proud, haughty. 

to swell, to increase, to grow WJ 
U\tS!l the waters rose (or swelled) 
Bz47,5; K^rnsrn can the bul- 
rush grow Jb.8,lV, fig. to be great, 
exalted, glorious nw HNJ he 
gloriously triumphed Ex 15,1, 

nX3 f- pride, haughtiness. 


n^a (i'Z.D''«.'?) odJ- 1) high- exalted.— 
2) proud, haughty. 

JTlNi (c. riW|) /■. i) elevation, maj- 
esty. — 2) pride, haughtiness, 

CVwa »»■ iJ^- (after the form COnp) 
^2^xi nJE> the year of my redemp- 
tion Js.63,4 (see also h»i I. 2). 

11X5 (c- P^<^) "»• i) rising, swelling 
D\^J ]iNil the swelling of the waves 
Jb.38,11; ]mn ]iK^ the swelling 
of the Jordan Jer.12,5.— 2) high- 
ness, excellence, majesty, glory, 
splendor iJiS'il 110 the glory of 
his majesty Is.2,10;'JiN| Sipj? with 
his majestic voice Jb.S?,!; ji^J^ 
D'^NSriH for excellence and for 
glory Is.4,2,— 3) pride, haugh- 
tiness |iX| "iSty ^JS'7 before mis- 
fortune [goeth] pride Pr.16,18. 

n^Xil?- 1) swelling, rising, mount- 
ing up D'n ms.^ the swelling of 
the sea Ps.89,10; ]1S)3 nlN^ the 
mounting (or rolling) up of 
smoke Is. 9,17,— 2) great thing, 
excellent deed H^^ mNJ he hath 
wrought an excellent thing Is. 
12,5.— 3) excellence, majesty niW 
E'J"' he is clothed with majesty 
Ps.93,1. — 4) pride, haughtiness 
WKJi 1131 they speak haughtily 
Ps.17,10. ' 

]VX| CL&J- proud, haughty; pi. W'^Hl 
Ps.l23,4(KtihD''Jii iN|) the haughty 

74 ^xa 

ri1\*<3 i>'. of »^^ , which see. 

T •• 

^Xil I. (/■■«*• ''^Jl i imp. h»i ; pt. hKi, 
^NiJ! , pi. D'^^NiJ ; pt. p. b'^a^ pi. 

n-'hm , c. \'?iw , sf. ^hm) 1) to 

redeem, to repurchase riX 7KJI 
Ti|lK "ISPP and he may redeem 
'what his brother hath sold Lev, 
25,25. — 2) to redeem, to deliver, 
to save nX'TD chp, he hath re.: 
deemed them from the hand of 
the adversary Ps.107,2; qJ?«^^ niar;i 
from death will I deliver (save) 
them Hos.18,14; hii'if]. h^J the 
redoemer of Israel Is.49,7; isb?) 
D''':iXJ there shall walk the re- 
deemed 35,9; m\ ''h'\»\ the Lord's 
redeemed Ps.107,2; iS'l«^ l8.63,4 
my redeemed (Ges. a. Fuerst: 
my redemption, taking Dv^i^il in 
this passage for an abstract 
noun").— 3) to avenge D'jn h^i 
the avenger of the blood Deut. 
19,6, whence vXiil a kinsman, a 
blood-relative B.3,10 a. 12.— 4) to 
redeem a widowed kinswoman (i.e. 
to marry her when her husband 
died childless) "jK^: 3112 tirX^^DK 
if he will redeem (marry) thee, 
well, let him redeem R.3,13. 

Mph. '^K^J {fut. h^)) to be re- 
deemed, to redeem oneself. 
bm 11- (M- ht<:)) to defile, to pol- 
lute niO^yi r\^n in'rS'Ji: let dark- 
ness and the shadow of death 
defile it Jb.3,5. 

Niph. '^b'JJ (fut. Sk|I) to be pol- 
luted, to he stained (1'7KJJ=) iSnJJ 
D'iJ.5 are polluted with blood Is.59,3. 

V I 

Pi. 7KJ. to pollute, to profane 
i]^^7^A i^®5 wherein have we pol- 
luted thee ? Mal.1,7. 

Pu. h^S, {pt. hpp) to be pol- 
Jated, to be profaned, to be reject- 
ed as unfit n|r;i3n-]a \h^Xl and 

they were rejected as unfit from 
the priesthood Ezr.2,62. 

Biph. TNJn to pollute, to soil, 
to stain I'fl^NJK iB>ia'?a-'r31 

• ; T : V ■ ; - T : 

(^ri5Kjn:=) and 1 have stained all 
my raiments Is.63,3. 
mthp. -K|nri to pollute oneself. 

7X]l »«• defilement, pollution, pro- 
fanation; only pi. c. rtSn^n ^.7X| 
the defilements of the priesthood 

rbV^l (c. rh^}) f. 1) redemption, 
repurchase in|i<J HS [meansj suf- 
ficient for his redemption Lev.25, 
26; n^!<Jin tSSB*!? the right of re- 
demption Jer.32,7 (for which v. 8 
only n?K^n'). — 2) thing to be re- 
deemed ^n^s'Ji-nK nnw Ti'^-Sxii re- 

deem thou what I should redeem 
R.4,6.— 5) kindred, relationship 
^O^N^ ^tS>JN the men of thy Isin- 
35 C^ ^ ; sf. •'3^ ; pi. D''?J a. niJ3^) 
m. 1) bacif, hunch, hump ''?^"7SJ 
D''B>in 1B>'in upon my bacli have 
ploughmen ploughed Ps.l29,3i of 
inanimate objects: upper part, up- 
per surface narsn i^ the upper 
surface of the altar Bz.43,13 — 
2) hillock, heap, eminence lign ''35 
heaps of clay Jb.13,12; TjS iJ^jrVl 
3J thou buildedst unto thyself an 

75 n:!j 

— T 

eminence Bz.16,24 (others: vault, 
booth of harlots); of a shield : 
knob, boss V|JD \aj the bosses of 
his bucklers Jb.15,26. — 3) rim 
of a wheel; pi. sf. Qn''35 their 
rims IK.7,33.— 4) brow, on\y pi. 
VJ'iy rii3| his eyebrows Lev. 14,9 
(see also HS^). 

n^ Ch. (sf. n''35 for nSJ) m. back- 

21 Ktib 2K.25,12 for 3U , which see. 


iji m. i)a board, a shingle IK.6,9.—^ 

2) pit, cistern, well Jer.14,3.— 

3) only pi. D''3J locust Is.33,4. 
21 Ch. {def. N3^) m. pit, den. 
2li pr. n. see 3iji . 
X!15 "*• pit, cistern, well, lake. 
nSii f- only pi. j"l^35 eyebrows (see 

also 3^ 4). 

r\2i (.fut n3J^.; pi. f. once nrn3Jn 

Ez.16,50: inf. nb-I , verb, n. nnOJI) 
ij to be high, elevated, exalted, 
lifted up Crn h^'D n3J.': and h« 
was higher than any of the people 
IS.10,23; inoip n3^J:i:! and her sta- 
ture was (grew up) high Ez.19,11; 
tSStl'^S n1«3'!? nt\\ nSJtl and the 
Lord of hosts shall be exalted in 
justice ls.0,16;nin''. ''J.IIS isS nsj'j 
and his heart was lifted up in 
the ways of the Lord 2Chr.l7,6.— 
2) to be proud, haughty riiJ3 n3^ 
]i*V the daughters of Zion are 
proud Is,3,16, ''SS n3J n'? my heart 
was not haughty Ps. 131,1; rf3J3 
fl^'?"'^ Cfi^* as high as heaven 
is above the earth Ps.103,11; 'iih'. 




IV nnijS ''BDin and thou shalt 

T :t: " • 

nevpr more be haughty again 
Zph.3,11. , ■ ,- 

Hlph. n''3J'l (fut. :j^2::,;pt. ri^2i12, 
poet. ''n"'3JD) to make high, to raise 
'rg^ f y ■'rinajn I have made high 
tlie lowly 'tree Ez.17,24; n''2^D 
inriB he that maketh high his 
door Pr. 17,19.— Before other verbs 
Hiph. supplies the place of an 
adverb: n^vh ''ri''3Ja who dwelleth 
on high Ps.113,5; 'i]VJ I.T'Sji: they 
fly high upward Jb.5,7; also with- 
out cjij; , as IK*} \5^2i^ the eagle 
mounteth upward 39,27. 
nUil (on]yc.r\2i,)adj. proud, haughty 

T T 

DJJ''jJ n5^ he who hath proud eyes 
Ps. 101,5; nil n^.? proud in spirit 

n^'il (sf. in;i| ; ^!. c. ''na|) m. height 
inJ34 D-inx n3J3 la's whose height 
is like the height of cedars Am. 
2,9; fig. highness, greatness ]iXJ 
HDJI excellence and greatness Jb. 
40,11; also: haughtiness, pride Hiil 
ni"l haughtiness of spirit Pr.l6, 
18; i2X n^il the pride of his wrath- 
fulness Ps.10,1; n'-nU' \1^| the 
hpights of heaven Jb.11,8. 

r\2^ (c. nbil also nail , but see ni| ; 

/-.'"nilJJi ; pi. cniaJi , f. hiriaji) adj. 

high, tall r\2i "IH a high mountain 
Jer.3,6; fig. proud, haughty ''JW 
G^T}2i the eyes of the haughty 
Is.5,15.— This adjective is also 
used in the sense of a noun: nbil 
IniOip the height of his stature 
IS.16,7;^^. nrt^il arrogance 13in'?N 

nn'Jil Tl?nri talk no more arro 
gance, i. e. speak no more arro- 
gantly IS.2,3. 

riin.iJl f- haughtiness, pride. 

/^iil (P^- Q'''?^^^) «»• border, boun- 
dary, edge, extemity, territory. 

nbUJi (=''i:i|; pi- r\'h)2^ , ni?^|) f. 

border, territory. 

*ll5jl cdj- a- «• mighty, hero, chief 
liiiin ...'^Nn the mighty...God Deut. 
10,17; 113^ ifrt^. a mighty king 
Dan.11,3; h\U ii^il a mighty war- 
rior Jud.ll,]; n^V liaj a mighty 
hunter Gen. 10,9; n^i]^2 -|i3J E>:i: 
the lion, the mightiest among 
beasts Pr.30,30; COH "lia^ an up- 
right mighty man 28.22,26; Dni^il 
]^^nin2>7 heroes to drink wine 
Is.5,22; bnyityn n.i^J the chief 
gate-keepers lClir.9,26. 

n'li:iJI (pi nnnp f. strength, 
might, mighty deed, victory ni13il 
non'ri?': strength for war 18.36,5; 
niUJ? 7\12p bn| great is thy name 
in might jer.10,6; nm ne^X inni3il 
the mighty deed that he achieved 
IK. 16,27; r[p\ niin| the mighty 
deeds of the Lord Ps.106,2; h'^p 
n"lU| nijv the voice of a shout 
of victory Kx.32,18.— ITIUJ? Be. 
10,17 for strenthening (1^3K"i 
•'Of 5 t^h] ni13jl3 they eat" for 
strengthening and not for druken- 
ness1; nilU.Jl Ps.90,10 great vigor 

of life (Hja* h'^'jy^ QDi irjniJB>-''p> 
,„n:& D''jiD?* riin^a nt<i the days 

of our years are seventy years. 




and if by great vigor of life they 
be eighty...). 

nn^iail Ch. f. might, valor. 

ri32 o^j- bald (on the fore part of 

the head.) 
nnSJl f. baldness (on the fore part 

of the head) ipinajn In' innnp^i 

on his bald head or on his bald 
forehead Lev.13,42; fig a bare 
place of cloth on the outer side 

innsja in innnf^a ^•^ri, nwQ it is 

a decay on its inside or on its 
outside V.55. 

C^S pr. n. a place to the north of 

ny^il , i"'^?'? f- prop, curdled milk, 

hence: cheese. 
V^^l (c. y^il ; 1>2. Di5J"'n^) TO. cup; 

also: cup of a flower, calix. 
"1^32 m. master, lord, prince. 

n'T'35 (c. n.'^,3il ; »/• '•Tl^iD f- mis- 
tress, lady, queen. 

{y>^5 m. ice, hail, crystal (see 

b2l (M- ^'^?'.) i) to ^^^^ ^ boundary, 
to set a landmark h>2i_ J"'pO ^^ 
D''Jlr«T \h^i "I^K T]5?.n thou Shalt 
not remove the landmark of thy 
neighbor, which they of old time 
have set Deut.19,14.— 8) lo bound 
irii<"';!lJ': pyH ^^^ Jordan bound- 
ed it Jos.l8,'20; with a to border 
on na-'^aJiil nan Hamath shall 
border thereon Zch.9,2. 

Hiph. '7''3Jn to eonflne, to set 
bounds to OynTlN ri^3jni and thou 
shalt set bounds' to the people 
(confine them) Bx.19,12. 

T'iil i""- ™. Phenician oity;i^iew*; "75^. 
735 i"". '*. 3- mountainous country 

T : 

inhabited by Edomites, south of 
the Dead Sea. 

^35 see h)2\. 

ni'73]l , t^b,^^ f- twisted work ri^l^ 

r\J2i twisted chains Ex.28,22. 
]3j| adj. gibbous, hump-backed. 

P35 (only pi. D''il.J3^) m. 1) summit, 
peak D''il^a|"iri a mountain of 
[many] peaks P8.6S.16.— 2) adj. 
hilly, peaked D^^j^J Clp peaked 
mountains Ps. 68,17. 

J^35 i""- »*• ^ city in Benjamin =V^ii 
f'D;23; =]iy5il 2S.5,25; in Jud.20, 
10 a". 33 J?5.^ 'and l'p;^3 J?5^. stand 

for ny?^ . 

T : • 

hill, height.— ^) pr. n. Gibeah: a) 

a city in Benjamin 1S.13,2— n??3.5 
Jos.18,28, birth-place of Saul IS. 
10,26, wherefore it is also called 
h\^V ni?3.; 11,4 h) a place in 
Judah Jo's 15,57. c) Dm''§ nrjJ a 
place in Ephraim. 

Ily35 J"". '*• * city in Benjamin; 
:gent. ^iV^h 

'7^33 *"' flower-cupi ball, capsule; 
occurs only once and in an ad- 
verbial sense '^jra.J nnt?'§n th( 
flax was in its flower Ex.9,31. 

n!?^5 pr. n. see r\V^i 2 a. 

•nljl C^ 1i^; M- 13J'') i; to be 
-T ■^ • 

strong, mighty ^jn T\2i they grow 
strong in wealth Jb.21.7; 1J\'?|; nJ^ 
ilpn mighty is his Ifindness over 
us Ps. 117,2; with |P to be strong- 
er, mightier. — 2) to prevail, to 
overpower., to conquer '7K'12>^. "I3J] 
and Israel prevailed Ex.17,11; 
1J''7^ np| they overpowered us 
28,11,23; with 3 to predominate 
Vnsa "l^l nnin; Judah predomin- 
ated over his brothers lChr.5,2.— 
3) to increase, to swell 113 J'J 
DJSn and the waters increased 

Pi. n3J (fut. 12Jp to make 
strong, to strengthen, to exert 
strength ;';3 D''fnj;i1 and I will 
strengthen them in the Lord Zch. 
10,12; ■15J\D''h;ni_he should exert 
more strength Ec. 10,10. 

Hiph. Tirx {fut. TI3JJ:) to exert 
strength, to strengthen IJjE*?? 
Ti^^J with our tongue will we 
exert strength Ps.12,5; nn? T'ajrn. 
and he will strengthen the cove- 
nant Dan.9,27 (Puerst: will make 
the covenant difficult). 

JK%. lainn t,fut. "la^n^.) i) to 

strengthen oneself; with h'J to 
get the victory over "l^in) V^^^H hv 
he will get the victory over his 
enemies Is.42,13; with '7X to show 
oneself strong "f^^O) ^i^'hii he 
showeth him&elf strong against 
the Almighty Jb.15,25.— 2) to 
Increase greatly, to exceedDri''j)E'B1 

78 IS 

^"1|llOI "'? and their sins that they 
have exceeded Jb.36,9. 

in| C^ "13^ ; c. 1i^ ; pi. D'^'i^p w,. 

1) man, male person, husband.— 

2) mighty man, warrior KJ'I {.N 

^^?5" "^vv? Si""*^ ^P ^^^^ ^ mighty 
man thy loins Jb.38,3. — 3) every 
one (like E*^N) paS;. in^plD^ 13.^ 
every one in his course they go 

^2S (archaic form for 15.|) »»■ man 
□'•'pn 15^ an upright man Ps. 18,26. 

1^2 Ch. (pi. |n^|) m. man. 

135 pr. n. a place =|iJ/3J Neh.7,25. 

135 Ch. m. strong man, mighty 

7X^31 i)^. «• one of the seven arch- 
angels Dan.8,16. 

n"n3 5 (sf. nniiJlj f. mistress, sover- 
eign lady (=n-Vii.3). 

tJ'35 to become dense, to thicken. 

]ln35 pf- n. a city in Dan. 

55 (c. il ; sf. iil| ; pi. D'iSX) m. top, 
roof; with n loc. HJiin to the roof 

*75 »». 1) coriander.— 2) pr. n. Ba- 
bylonian god of fortune (Jupiter). 

*T5 I- »»*• fortune, good luck (see 
1^ 2); nJ3 Gen.30,1 1 Ktib for 8<| 
1i good luck hath come (others: 
tXi adv. fortunately). 

15 IF. pr. n. 1) son of Jacob, also 
the tribe and its territory named 

T t: 

after him; gent. ''"JJI . — S) a proph- 
et at the time of David. 

1^*75 Ch. {pi. def. «V151|) »»• trea- 
surer fcomp. 13tJl). 

*7JI'T5 a* 'I'i'l'? !>»■• «• a station of the 
Israelites in the desert; with n 
loc. niJnJl . 

Tia l.(/M*.i'!. I'lJy prop. to cut,hence 
(ace. Puerst): to decide E'gA Sr n"j; 
p''1.V they decide upon the life of 
the righteous Ps.94, 22 (others: 
they band themselves together 
against etc., from IIJ II., which 

Hithp. to cut (or scratch) one- 
self ninnqa ... m.iJlJltl and they 
cut themselves... with swords IK. 

Tra 11- to bind together; on]j Hithp. 
IT'^OD to hand themselves to- 
gether, to assemble themselves 
by troops niiJri''. HJit niai they 
have assembled themselves by 
troops in a harlot's house Jer.5,7. 

ma Ch. to cut down Kj'j"'« n':i cut 

down the tree Dan,4,ll. 
n'la 'only pi. c. nin^) f. bank of a 


rr^a see nnj i^n . 


ina (p'- cn^"''? , c. nn^) M. i; cut, 

furrow, ridge rT'inJl nry smooth- 
ing down her ridges Ps.65,11.— 
2) band, troop (of soldiers or 
plunderers) Tn^H \43 the men of 
the band 2Chr.25,13; N3S ''NVi'' 
inob that went out to the host 

79 fpi 

by troops 2Chr.26,ll ; nn.ll^-i:!^ 
leaders of troops 2S.4,2; poet. TIJ 
'^V^i daughter of troops, i. e. wan- 
dering crowd Mic.i,!!; fig. mis- 
fortune, disaster vvit^ iNa; nn^ 

together come on his troops, i. e. 
misfortunes Jb. 19,12. 
mna f- only pi. niTJ.? incisions 
or scratches Jer.48,37. 

^na, ''■^| (c. b'^i -bii; f. nSn.3; 

pi n''Sin| . f. ni'jinil) adj. great, 
large "^iniO D*n the great sea r\um. 
34,6; nSinj T'V great (or large) 
city Gen.l6,12; of time: long Dl'n 
b™ the day is long 29,7; of the 
voice: loud 7in| 7'p a great (loud) 
voice Deut.5,19; of age: elder iJ3 
"^iniD his elder son Gen. 27, 1; 
D|!?pp5:"l. t:'?n|n from the greatest 
(oldest) of them to the least 
(youngest) of them Jon.3,5; of 
condition: high, notable, eminent 
Sinjn jrisn the high priest Hag. 
1,1; n^nj na?N a great (i. e. nota- 
ble) woman 2K.4,8; c. fW''^1^. 
great in kindness Ps.145,8; h'li 
n^yn great in counsel Jer.32,19.— 
The feminine form is often used 
as an abstract noun signifying a 
great or proud thing: Hitap niB>K2 
nbilJ IN to do a small or a great 
thing Num.22,18; niSin^ ng'ij; who 
doeth great things Jb.5,9; |iB*S 
nibn^ ^'nini? the tongue that 
speaketh proud things Ps.12,4. 

n^na, n^"^see n^^^ 

flina (only pi. n'lflTnj a. Disn^) w. 
reviling, scorn. 




nS^lJl f- reviling, scorn. 

I'll {pi. n'^nj , c. V.n;!) w. kid, little 

''15 P^- "• "*• 
7X'''n5 i""- "i^- '"• 
nnJI (only # sf. ?i:pn.^) /•. Md, 

little goat. 
^^5 (only pi. C'hl^j TO. _z; twisted 

threads, tassel, fringe Dcut.22,12. 

— 2) festoon tan ornament on the 

capitals of pillars^ IK. 7, 17. 
{Jfi'jJl m. 1) pile of corn, heap of 

• T 

sheaves Ex.22,5.— 2) tomb-hill 

hll , ''ni (M. h^^) ; pt. ^^y) 1) to 

be great Drip^??.V H^ll the cry of 
them was great Gen. 19, 13; PQI^ 
HNID thou art very great Ps 104, 
1. — 2) to become great, to grow 
up 1„.*l! -'ni'J and the child grew 
up Gen.21,8; i^D ^ihl}. he grew 
up with me as witx'i a father Jb. 
31,18 (Stb.).— 3) to be important, 
to be highly valued ...Tlt^?J nH| 
''J\y3 thy life was highly valued... 
in my eyes IS.26,24. 

Pi. 73^ (^ h-^.i ; inf. b^S) 1) to 
cause to become great, to make 
great, to magnify, to extol in7'1J.''J 
i^^V$'?and hecaused him to become 
exceedingly great 2Chr. 1, 1 ; ib'll 
"i;is* niTT'S magnify (or extol) the 
Lord with me Ps.34,4. — 2) to 
cause to grow, to let grow DW 
7'iIJl the rain causeth to grow Is. 
44,14; ^w^ ^^m rii b'^^l to let 

grow the locks of the hair of his 
head Num. 6,5; of children: to bring 
up nn''A3Tl|N* 'h'^^\ they bring up 
their children Hos.9,12. 

Pvi. pt. /'IJP to be brought up. 

Hiph. Si^Jn (^fut. 'rnj:) to in- 
crease, to magnify, to do great 
or proud things ■p>'Vr\^r\ ^^^N I 
will increase the burning pile Bz. 
24,9; nay Tllpn '?^.5nj and thou 
hast magnified thy kindness with 
meGen.19,19; ''|>y.a ''n'ri^n 1 made 
great works Ec.2',4 ; Witry.^ SnjH 
he hath done great things Jo.2, 
20; DSEy '7"1J,n-nu*N DK 1N"1 see 
what great things he hath done 
with you IS. 12,24; ''^^ ^^^VBl 
Q5''£3 and ye acted proudly a- 
gainst inB-,wir,h your mouth Bz. 
35,13; S'^lJn ii?y ''NJI2>0 he that 
hateth me hath acted proudly (in- 
solentlj) against me Ps. 55, 13; 
^P.^ ^5:^ b^l^X} he hath lifted up 
his heel against me 41,10. 

Hithp. v'nirin to magnify one- 
self above, to show oneself great, 
to boast oneself '' i? '? T ^0 H 1 
''^5J'li2.0i7! I will magnify myself 
and sanctify myself Ez.38,23; "DK 
iSVP"'?!? "liB^ai Snjn^. shall the 
saw magnify itself against him 
that shaketh it? Is.10,15, 

pIJI adj. becoming great or strong; 

pi. c. 1|>5 '''tiJ strong of flesh Kz. 

7^9 pr. n. m. 

h'i» (.sf. iS"]! a. i'?n.|) m. greateness, 




talness; fig. might, majesty, exal- 
tation, pride, haughtiness. 

h'l^ see "rini . 

n^'TI f- 1) greatness, majesty; 2) 

great achievement. 
nv"!]) a. ''H^^ll'? i'*'- «• ■a/.vice-roy 

of Nebuchadnezzar in Judea. 

i) name of several other persons. 

!?na (A**- yiJ! ; p*. p- 3Jnji , »«. o'^unji) 

^ -T • I"* 'I 

to cut off, to hew down, to break, 
to destroy. 

Niph. jriJJ to be cut off, to be 
hewn down, to be broken, to be 

Pi. •$1^ (A rn^ ; /Mi. yri^_ , a yrjjp 

to cut asunder, to break to pieces. 
Pm J^lJl to be cut down. 
lTy]5 pr. n. a judge of Israel Jud. 

6,il (also named "^yaip . 
QJ?75 pr. n. a place in Benjamin. 

fjlS only Pi. fjllil to revile, to blas- 
"I'T^ (/«<• TlJ^.) 1) to hedge in, to 

— T • 

enclose. — 2) to repair fig TXil 
repairer of the breach Is. 58,12; 
D'^TIJI 2K.12,13 masons. 

TTH (c. in,5 ; sf. iin^ ; jjZ. Di-jn^) i) 

enclosure, fence. — 2) walled 
"mil pi", n. a city in Palestine. 


"i^ii 1 '^^"'■3 i"*- **• "t^ ^ person, b) a 
place on the mount of Judah. 

nTlJi (pi niinii a. niSiJi, c. niTiJ) /•. 

-Zj wall, hedge, fence.— 3) hurdle, 
fold INV niTIJ sheep-folds Num. 
32,16.— 3)pr.n. a place in Judah 
^"IIJ n''3 , which see; gent. ''O'^l'? 

a. nnj. 

r>n"TJl i)?". w. a place in Judah. 

D^ri1l7.S pr. n. a place in Judah. 

"■^(l^ see nni| 5. 

ni"!;! /■ enclosure, wall. 

,15 only Bz 47,13 for W valley, 

plain .ace. ancient interpreters 
miswritten for Ht). 

nnjl (fwi. nnj^) to remove illness, 
to heal lira D5D nnr. xS he will 
not remove from you your bandage 

nni f- healing, health ^''D''.': ni22> i^ 
nnil a merry heart causeth good 
health Pr.17,22 (ace. some ancient 
interpreters ^=^^?. body, a merry 
heait doeth good to the body). 

ins (fut. "injjt to prostrate one- 

15 W- n, r\U, n^il m. back •'riNi 
^ 5,1 ''^inx npSa'n and me hast thou 
cast behind thy back IK.14,9. 

1| Ch, (c. iJ a. NiJl ; sf. HIJ, M) m. 

inside, midst niJ^ ^''il? ^^17) and 
thus was it written therein Bzr. 
5,7; t«51i XiJI IP out of the midst 
of the Are Dan.3,26. 
15(=1J Heb.; sf. ^).l r]]i) m. 1) back 

"iNDn.-'r3 Til J itiny P!?'2^n thou 

hast cast behind thy back all 




my sins Is.38,17. — 2^middle, midst 
WTJ^. V."]P they are driven out 
of the midst (of men) Jb.30,5. 

KTa see 1^ Ch. 

i!|3 to dig, to plough; only pt. pi. 

il'ji , nijl (=i^ 3) coll. locusts iiJ? 
''^U as locusts upon locusts (.1. e. 
swarms of locusts) Nah.3,17. 

yii pr. n. a) prince of Magog, b) de- 
scendant of Reuben lChr.5,4. 

press upon, to attack M'^^i\ HHJ 
a warlike troop will press upon 
him Gen.49,19; 3py n^^S'lHI but 
he shall attack the rear ib. 
niji f- V lifting up, elevation "^3 
''m;!. -|DXnn'?''3C'n when they are 
cast down, thou shalt say. There 
is lifting up Jb.22,29.— 2) pride 
npn: I^IP nrn and that he may 
hide pride from man 33,17. — 3) 
body iTilD K^'land it (the weapon) 
oometh out of the body Jb.20,25. 

mil Ch. f. haughtiness. 


TJ^Ijl Ktib Ez.36 for Tl^^liJl from ''iJ, 
which see. 

Ttlill. ipret. U; fut. tJ,n) 1) to fly 
away, to hasten off ty^O '^ it soon 
hasteneth off Ps,90,10.— 2) tr. to 
drive up D''1;K> t J>J and it drove 
up, 31. — Acc.Puerst 
NijA. fiJJ to be gone, to disappear 
njyi. IfiJJ they shall disappear j 
and pass away Nah.1,12 (others i 
regard tiJ3 as Niph. of ^l^, T/hich 

T^ia II. («/". \fi^) m. refuge (from tl-l I., 
but see also n.t|). 

^TlH (i)'- D''/'P^) »«■ young bird, 
young dove. 

]Tlil pr. n. a place in Mesopotamia. 

n^il, n^|3 [imp. ''njl) l) to issue forth 
^^V1 npiD iniJ| in issuing forth 
it came out of the womb (of the 
earth) Jb.38,8.— 2) to bring forth, 
to beget TlJJ. ^in be in pain and 
bring forth Mic.4:,10; |D5D •'m nm 
thou art he who brought me forth 
from the womb Ps 22,10. 

Hiph. n''jn (inf. nijH; fut. n>r , 

flJriJ) to issue forth, to rush forth 
'T'^iin^S njril and thou issuedst 
forth with thy rivers Jb.32,2; n''J^ 
IiT'S-Sn ]mi Jordan will rush to 
his mouth 40,23; iSipnO n'^JD he 
rushed forth from his place Jud, 

n^i Ch. Aph. njK (pt. f. pi. ]n''ja) 

to break through. 

''15 («/". :iJ, ^;i^; # nv^, c. iiij; s/; 

n.^jil Ez.36,i3 for r\)^ji) m. prop, 

body, hence: nation, tribe, people; 

pi. heathens, non-Jews, gentiles. 
(Tlil tc- ri1^;»ip/'. body, corpse. 
^^5 see '^•'^ . 
nt'li! /■. -Z) exile, banishment.— 5) 

coZZ. exiled people, exiles. 
|715 i""- «■ a city In Manasseh. 
f*D15 »»• pit. 

"2^3 1) pr. n. son of Naphtali.— 2] 
pair. lChr.5,15. 


j;ia (/■"<• Vlf. ; pt. V)? ; inf. ^\i a. 

yU.) to expire, to die, to pine 

away, to perish. 
P]!15 only Hiph. e)iJin to shut ISS^^ 

niri7'in they will shut the doors 

nSli f- body, corpse. 

'I^^ I- (i»-rf. 1J ; fut IIJl^ , I^J n ; pt 

m. nj , i)?. c":!! , c. n| ; pt. f. n^i, 

c. n^^ ; imp. "llil") i^ to dwell, to 
sojourn, to abide, to remain 1J1 
^5^'CV iSt and the wolf shall 
dwell with the sheep Is. 11,6; 'OV 
''l^')^ |i^ with Laban have I so- 
journed Gen.32,5; Tj^nN? lU; ''D 
who may dwell in thy tent? Ps. 
15,1; ni>J« 1^^ should tarry tor 
remain) in ships Jud.5,17; "l^^j 
"|1J3 and he sojourned in Gerar 
Gen 20,1; 17"1 r\yii\ tih evil cannot 
abide with thee'Ps.5,5; i35?in4l "l^D 
that sojourneth among you Lev. 
16,30; ''ri''5 \'!!^ yc tbat sojourn in 
my house Jb.19,15; nn''5 ni^DI 
and of her that sojourneth in her 
house Bx.3,22.— 2) to assemble, 
to gather together oni? ''hv ^Ij; 
the mighty gather together against 
me Ps.59,4; niDn'pD nu; they 
gather together for war Ps.U0,8; 
TjriK ■|J"'D whosoever assemble 
together against thee Is.54,15. — 
^Jiin Bz.21,17 from 'IJO , which 

Hithp. Tl.iilOT J'/' to sojourn, to 
dwell nay liiJlO'? \J^ 1?'^. with 
-whom I snjourn IK.17,20.— 2) to 
assemble themselves, to gather 

83 U 

together U llffl; niiJI];!: they as- 
semble themselves and they re- 
bel against me Hos.7,14.— Tl.iiinD 
Jer.30,23 from 15| , which see.' 
"1^2 II. ifut. "lU;; imp. 11J1) 1) to 
fear, to be afraid mj; 1'^p let 
them be atraid of him Ps.38,8; 
Jin V.fP D?^ 111^ be ye afraid of 
the sword Jb.19,29.— 2} to be con- 
cerned, to be anxious n\2 r\r?y^7 
]iipB*|3E'nij;]1K about the calves 
of Beth-aven are auxious the in- 
habitants of Samaria Hos.10,5. 

"113 , ii;i (pi. n^yii , d^i , oniii , 

^^^iJI) m. young animal, a whelp 
(particularly of lions) n.''.'1N llil 
a lion's whelp Gen.49,9; jjZ. c. ''IJI 
ni''1ti5 the whelps of lions Jer.51, 
38;'jdn.1Jl ^p^yu ...]''Jn nj even the 
jackals... give su^k to their young 
ones Lam.4,8. 

bV2 11J1 pf- w. a city in Arabia. 

^Ilj (c. ''I'iJ ; i^i. ni'j'T.i:!) «. i; die, 

lot h'Tii 1'7''S: they cast a lot Ps. 
22,19.— 2) a portion that falls to 
one by lot ■'S'liJ? ''ri« n'?y. come 
up with me into my portion (of 
territory) Jud.1,3. — 3) fig. lot, 
destiny Tl^D nJD TjHiJ Ht this is 
thy lot, the portion of thy meas- 
ures Jer. 13,25. 

]-)T2 Ktib Jer.2,25 for |il| , which 

tJ'!])! m. clo.'l. lump (of earth). 

TjI w. -Zj shearing, clipping T]JKV tJ 

the shearing of thy sheep Deut. 
18,4. — 2) mowing, mown grass 




U'.'i 1^5? like rain upon mown 

grass pl72,6; pi. c. rflt^r[ \\i the 

king's mowings Am. 7,1. 
'ISTS Heb. a. Ch. treasurer; pi. Ch. 

p^i^ Fzr.7,21 (comp, I^T.^). 
(175 to cut, to hew; fig. to form; pt, 


sf. ''PJ n^b' thou art he who hath 
formed me Ps.71,6 (Stb.). 
riTS (c- iliil) f- shearing, fleece. 

T • 

in (fut.b;,iii:;pt.\n,pi.a^lii, 

c.^lU; imp. f.'^U, -^ \n ; inf. 
it.3 a. TJl) to cut off, to shear. 

Niph. TiJJ to be cut off, to be 
extirpated (but see tijl I.). 
TTil P'''- w- "*• 


ri''TJI (from nf|) /■. cutting, hewing; 
with ]5^* hewn stone, squared 
stone n\fJ V.^?:! hewn stones IK. 
5,31; also without |3^. in a con- 
crete sense: iTitJ \^| houses of 
hewn stone Am.5,ll;|Dnt< n;.;iri-N'7 
n\t| thou Shalt not build it of 
hewn stone Ex 20,25. 

^T| (Arf. '^b: ; pt. ^i^ ; pt p. h^^^) 
prop, to cut off, to tear off, hence: 
1) to strip off, to flay CpV 
DniJ^yiD who strip off their skin 
from them Mic.3,2 — 2) to take 
away, to snatch, to rob "DH "rtJ^ 
niD n^jnn and he snatched the 
spear out of the hand 28.23,21; 
''^■'^.JJn-SN rob not the poor Pr. 
22,22;' fig. ^0p '?iU to rob, i. e. 
to deny right or justice; of heat: 
to consume "lOiD l'?JJ> Drrn^ H'V 

L - * * ^ 

J7l!> drought and heat consume 
the snow-waters Jb.24,19. 

Niph. bui to be robbed; fig. of 
sleep: DnJB* M^?JJ their sleep is 
robbed Pr,i,16. 

/Til (c. -.'.lA) »»• robbery, robbing 
^.T| l7tJ1 and they practice rob- 
bery Ez.22,29; fig. !2S;?D ^U rob- 
bing of right or judgment Ec.5,7. 

nhn (c- !^b.W f- that which has 

T" : 

been robbed, plunder "nx J'tt'n'i 
i^T-'-'?!^ ^""J li6 shall restore that 
which he hath robbed Lev.5,23i 
''v^D !VJ.^. the plunder of the poor 
DT5 «»• a kind of locust. 



'JT]1 S^t of an unknown place n?]l 
' or ]b lChr.11,34. 
yT5 (sf. iJ^P. , nv\i) m. trunk, stock, 
stem (of a tree). 

1T5 ( M. iii) ; i)t. i.t) ; mjj. nr^) i; 

to cut, to divide eiffl-Dl "injl he 
who divided the Red Sea Ps 13'), 
13; of trees: to cut down, to fell 
n^TJn ntJ'n ana they cut down 
the trees 2k.6,4.—litJ»^ Is.9,19 and 
he consumeth (others: he snatch- 
eth). — 3) to be cut off, destroyed 
|NV n^5l30 ir| the flock shall be 
cut off from the fold Hab.3,17.— 
3) to decide, to decree "lDi< "TtJOl 
and if thou decide a thing Jb.22,28! 
Niph. ly.J 1) to be cutt off, ta- 
ken away, separated, excluded 
D\*D fn?.!? "^ip. he was cut off 
(taken away) from the land of 
the living Is.53,8; nyj ^ITD they 
are cut off from thy hand Ps.88, 




6; ni.ri''. rvyO lyj he was separat- 
ed (excluded) from the house of 
,the Lord 2Chr.26,21.— 2) to be 
undone, to be lost "TlltJJ TllDK 

' • :t: • • ; - T 

I said, I am lost Lam.3,54; IJiy.J 
1J7 we are undone Bz.37,11.— 3) 
to be decreed, to be determined 
r\^Ti 'ly.J "^'0. i~i?5 what had been 
decreed concerning her Est.2,1. 

"nTjl C'l. to decide, to determine; pt 

pi. def. Kplil the determiuers of 

fates Dan 4,4. 
Itp. "It.iriS to tear itself away, 

to be separated. 
Iifl I. (pi. D''^^?) m. piece, part. 
1T5 11. pr. n. a Phenician city, 

afterwards in tlie hands of the 

n"1t5 I- adj. f. separated, solitary 

nSy f IN a solitary land Lev.16,22. 

mTJl 11- Ch. (c. niU) f. decree, sen- 
T": , 

tence n!<|V ^IW '^e decree of the 
Most High Dan".4,21. 

~")Til f 1) put of the body, outline, 
figure, form.— 2) separate or se- 
cluded place (of the temple build- 

^115 (Ktib '':.'lJl)j)r. n. apeoplein the 
south of Palestine (ace. Stb. gent. 
probably of "l.J.J. II., which see). 

p'na m. (c. I'ni) belly. 

jina see |in'';i . 

^Tn5 J"*- «• servant of the prophet 

^na (pl- D"'':!?.^ «• ''/.n^) f- burning 

coals tTN iSnJ coals of flre Is. 

10,2; itj'ST'^r'no'n nns c'rm. thou 

rakest coals on his head Pr.25,22. 
ri/nH (.sf. ^r^hni) f. same as '^n^ ; 
proverbially: ''ri?nJ DN 1331 they 
will extinguish my coals (i. e. 
they will destroy my last off- 
spring) 2S.14,7. 

DHjI pr. n. m. 

"injl py. n. m. 

"•jl, \^, i^.'i, «'.■?, «\^ (0. v., K\J; i^l. 

niiO..? Ktib Ez.6,3, Kri niW; «f. 

T]\nii<\J)com.jt) valley, lowland. — 

2) with the article N''|n j)j-. «. of 

a pi ace in Moab.— 3) \^ , N V. occu r 

in several compound names of 

i places: a) hiri \i or DJri (\j^) -J5 \J 

j a valley south of Jerusalem, where 

1 children were sacrificed to Moloch 

i (called simply N''|n). 6) D''E*-inn \3 

in Benjamin, c) -NTinS^ \J in 

Zebulun, d) Clii'.n V. a valley 

i of mount Abarim. e) Crnvn \^ 

'. in Benjamin, f) TVI^ N\J a valley 

near the Dead Sea. 

*7^jl (^J. D'^T'JI) m. prop, band, hence; 
i vein, sinew nt?iin T'^l the vein of 
the heap-sinew Qen.32,33; CTJ. 
*1B'31 sinews and flesh Ez 37,8: 
fig.^ T^f^yj hnz Ti) and lllie an 
iron sinew is thy neck Is.48,4. 

IT'S see m . 

n^JI »»■ n. a place near DBN n'J^i . 

]1n'5 1 l^^l i""- ■**■ ■') one of the four 
principal rivers of Eden.— 2) a 
fountain west of Jerusalem. — 

nn*5 86 

3) ace. Septuagint a name of 
the Nile Jer.2,18 (Fuerst). 

^^TVl see nn.J . 

'?ia I. (pret. 1 s. ''r)4; fiif. S^^, ':'.^;, 
"^ J ' j ; imp. Til , ^^ 17^ J) prop, to 
turn oneself round, to dance in 
a circle, hence: to exult, to rejoice 
pi-TY-'isSij;'?^^ the father of the 
just will greatly rejoice Pr. 23,24; 
D''.'?e*n"'? "'n'rJI and I will rejoice 
over Jerusalem Is.65,19; T'lDDI 
'^'^X Tilry and its priests that once 
rejoiced over it Hos.10,5. 

7^5 II. TO. 1) exultation, gladness nnDb> 

^Vl joy and gladness Is. 16,10; 
"iS''J nnp?-' the joy of my glad- 
ness Ps.43,4; '?''J h^ ,„r\mr^ b^ 

rejoice not.. .for gladness Hos.9,1. — 
2) revolution of time, hence: age 
03^'' J| T^'H n^l^'.n the lads who 
are of your age Dan. 1,10 (in later 
Hebrew ''''i'"]? a person of the 
same age). 

Tiy^l f- exultation. 

ri'?'': see rh^ . 

^f>''l see rh^ . 

rij''ji 7"". «. wi. 

°T'5, 1J TO. lime, chalk. 
n'il Ch. {def. K'H''^) m. lime. 
^'^l Ktib Jb.7,5 for E*U . 

% C^ '^'^ ; P^. Q\^J , c. \^i) -0 heap, 
hill D''j5^ 7^ a heap of stones 
Jo5.7,26; %h yari m'p tbou hast 
made of a city a heap (of ruins) 


Is.25,2.— .2) wave, billow D^H i.^JJ 
lilie the waves of the sea 18.48,18. — 
3) .J Cant.4,12 a spring, a foun- 
% see h]^i. 

'Pji m. round vessel for oil; sf. H^Jl 
Zoh.4,2 its oil-vessel. 

«'?•! see nh^ . 

T : ^ • 

i^H m. barber D''.3i'Jn "1570 a bar- 
ber's razor Ez.5,1. 

S?^'!'^ i"*' **■ a mauntain-ridge in 

7Jlt'| (pl- Q''i''3'?J) »». prop, that which 
rolls (from '7^^), hence: 1) wheel 
(of a chariot, of a cistern). — 2) 
rolling, whirling, whirlwind bip 
^tik^ 7\^'i1 the voice of thy thun- 
der was in the whirlwind Ps.77, 
19.— S) whirling dust or chafl' 
HBID ''p.?'? %%:? like whirling chaff 
before the wind Is.17,13. 

hibl Ch. wheel; pi. sf. "'nib^'?^ hii 
wheels Dan.7,9. 

b^hi 1) m. wheel; c. 'irhyj h:hi th«, 

T : • T : -. - ; • 

wheel of his wagon Is,28,28.— 3) 
pr. n. a) a city near Jericho, one* 
%b_r[ rr-a Neh.12,29. &; name Gf 
three other places (Puersti. 
Tb'lhl f- bead, skull in'^ilSrnH flRt 

... I ;.. :x: \ -.• 1 .T- 

and she crushed his skull Juci.g. 
53; fig. head, person ri'jilS^^ J/j^."^ 
a bekah for every head Ex. 38,26; 
DriS|':J_^ Onspp their number for 
eaci person lChr.23,3. 

1^5 (sf- ''l^il) m. skin. hide. 




Tt>i I- (At*. nSj^., op. Sji>V, m/'.a6s. 
rC^J , c. nWii) prop, to make bare, 
hence: ta lay open, to disclose, 
to reveal IHiD TVi he disclosed 
his secret Am 3, 7; ll.NTlK nSj 
7N1D2> he revealed to the ear of 
Samuel (i. e. he communicated to 
him) IS.9,15; imsS DJjK 'rjy and 
he openeth their ear to correction 
Jb.36,10; pt. p. ''V7i made known, 
published D'^arn-'^n^ i^'7J pub- 
lished to all the nations Est.3,14; 
also: open, unveiled DNI Dinnn riK 
"•l -4- "'SR ^^^ sealed and the open 
deed (document) Jer. 32,14; ■'lS| 
D.^yi? with open (unveiled) eyes 

Niph. nSjj ifut. n5jv, mf. ri'p.jJ: 

ni'^JlH) to be laid open, to be re- 
vealed, to show oneself, to appear 
tj^S^B* ^hii thy skirts are laid open 
Jer.13,22'; Dn''SN ly'jJJI and we will 
show ourselves to them IS. 14,8; 
ninri51 "I''5H ^b^l Q'HPl nor yet 
was the word of God revealed to 

him 8,7; i'7|n ti^ns imh ..."iowS 

to say... unto those that are in 
darkness. Show yourselves ls.49,9. 

Pi. n^J (fut. n^J] , ap. hi] ; imp. 
ap. hh to uncover, to open nviy 
n^il inriK the nakedness of his 
sister hath he uncovered Lev.20, 
17; QVh2 V.''y DK nini SjII and the 
Lord opened the eyes of Bileam 
Num.22,31; with hv to lay open, 
to show tj^nNSn-Sy n^JI he layeth 
open thy sins Lam.4,22. 

Pu. ny to be bared, to be un- 

covered, to be open T^twi Nah.2,8 
she was bared or stripped (others: 
exiled, see n^| II.); pt. f. nnDin 
n?^!? open reproof Pr.27,5. 

Hithp. n^inn (fut. ap. hir\)) to 

uncover oneself 7jri*j Gen.9,21 and 
he uncovered himself; fig. to re- 
veal or show oneself 13? ni'^IOH? 
in revealing his heart Pr.18,2. 

nb^ II. (fut. nhy, ap. hi]]; inf. aha. 

TT •• •' 

rl'7J , c. ni7Jl) 1) to be carried away 

into exile, to wander awaj', to 

emigrate ''3?? 7\hi my people goeth 

into exile ls.5,13; •hv'D h^-i^] h.i^ 

iriOlN and Israel was carried 
T :~ 

away into exile from his own land 
2K.17,23; H^r. ri'jJ hh^r] Gllgal 
will go away into exile Am.5,5; 
D.?^n^. rt'1'7^ n until the carrying 
away of Jerusalem into exile Jer. 

1,3; pt. n!?ii (/■. nSiji , pi. TO. D"'i?Ji) 

an exile, an emigrant nOX H^jl 
T]DipP7 thou art an exile from 
fhy place 28.15,19; rTIIDI nSil an 
exile and outeast Is.49,21; trK13 
D''''il at the head of exiles Am. 6, 
7. — 2) to depart, to vanish, to 
disappear '^N'T.if'.D lUD n4 glory 
is departed from Israel IS. 4,21; 
Y'y^n ti>iB>n n^| departed (gone) 
is the mirth of the land Is. 24,11; 
in^ia "rU^ hiH the product of his 
house will vanish Jb.20,28. 

Niph. nSjJ {fut. ap. h^l, but see 
':'7J) to depart, to be removed 
1 /i '50X3 150 n^JJl and it is re- 
moved from me as a shepherd's 
tent Is.38,l2. 




siph. r\hn, n^^jri (fut. nj^Ji, ap. 

'.?!'.) to lead away, to drive (into 

Koph. nhn if. nrhn , n^jn) to 

be carried aw;iy or driven into 
eiiilo;pt.2)l. D''':;:; (for n''''-,il2) Jer. 
40,1 who were carried awaj'. 

to disclose, to reveal. 
rihl see nHj . 


ri^5 !>»■■ w- a city in Judati; gent. 

n"?]: (c- n^il) f. 1) well, spring ri^Jl 
DJD springs of water Jos.15,19. — 
2) oil-versel; with art. Hjiin Zch. 
4,3 (^'.3 , which see); -fig. of the 
alimentary canal in the human 
organism: .DHJO Tw the golden 
vessel Eo 12,6.— 5jiH architecture: 
niriSn n^JI the rounded parts of 
the capital's (of pillars) IK. 7,41. 

h'hl (pi. D''5l'?J, n^hh}) m. idol, 
statue (ace. some interpreters 
= '^1 dung). 

D1?JI (from DrJ)m. covering, mantle. 

n^>5 (from n^l II.) f. 1) exile, cap- 
tivity. — 3) exiled people, exiles. 

r\'t>l Ch. f. exile nmSj •':3 exiles 

n'rj to be bare, to be naked, hence: 
Pi. T\j\ to make bare, to shear, 
to shave. 

Pm. to be shorn, to be shaved; 
pi- I ii-I ^D^j"^ "wiih shaven beards 
Hitlip. TT2ir\T\ to shave oneself. 

11^?jl «*• 1) plate, tablet (for writ- 
intri.— In later Hebrew: margin 
uf a page, a roll. — S) polished 
plate, mirror. 

1) turning-board (of a folding- 
door) IK.6,34.— 3) ring Cant.5, 
14 a Kst.1,6.— 5) circuit, district, 
whence: pr. n. D^iJin ^''^i district 
of the nations ls.8,32 and def. 
?'''^l\\ a district in Naphtali, in- 
habited by many heathenish 
peoples Jos.20,7; later 7\7J (Gali- 
lee), between Samaria and Sidon. 

rh''hl {pi- ni'7\'?Ji) f. circuit, district, 

Uhl pr- n. a place in Benjamin. 

n"'?]! pr. n. Goliath, a Philistine 
giant killed by David IS.17,4. 

'7^1 (1 s- 'rt'^i , 3 pi. lS4 ; pt. bii ; 
inf.&.imp.lii, '^iJl; imp. also "7^) 
to turn, to roll ]5h*n n^. l'?bJ1 and 
they rolled the stone Gen,29,3; 
H '^'''^m ;r'^« ^^ roll upon (i. e. 
commit to) the Lord thy deeds 
Pr.16,3; T]?';!'!! ;''.-'-S; '7iJl roll upon 
(commit to) the Lord thy way 
Ps,37,5; intS^S''. V^"?}* Sjl let him 
roll upon (i. e. rely upon) the 
Lord and he will deliver him 

22,9: h'^'hvp. nnvp nsi.n-n^' •'ni^j 

I have rolled away (i. e. removed) 
the reproach of Egypt from you 
Jos. 5,9. 

Niph. biJJ {fut. hi,\) to be rolled 
together, to roll forward iVjJi 
D)a2>n 1gD3and the heavens will 


be rolled together like a book- 
roll Is.34,4; t3|)B*p D^B? hll) and 
justice will roll forward like 
water Am. 5,24. 
Pi. redupl. b!ni to roll. 
Pu. bS^Jl to be rolled; pt. nhm) 
D''l3n3 n77iJip and a garment rol- 
led in blood Is.9,4. 

Eiph. hyn (fut. ap. h .^^.J) to roll 
away l^*5'n"n^ '? ?. \.l and he rol- 
led away the stone 29,10. 

Hithp. 'j.'r'jlO^l a. redvpl. ^Aip^nn 
to roll oneself, to throw oneself 
'J'^^V ''•'?'^''^nb to throw himself (to 
fall) upon lis Gen.43,18; HNB* nnn 
V'l^jrin amidst a roaring noise 
they rolled themselves along Jb. 

b^ii I. TO. dung, excrement (see 
also SSj). 

yjl Ch. m. heaviness (prop, rolling, 
^^Jl la's a big, heavy stone Ezr.5,8. 

^^5 II. (c. hhi) m. prop, turn, hence: 
cause, sake; only with 3: "^^^^ 
'IDl'' for the sake of Joseph Gen. 
39,5; ^ Tl^^^a 30,27 a. f. Tj^^^^ 
12,13 for thy sake; Q3'?5J3 Deut. 
1,37 for your sake. 

^tSjl m. dung, excrement; sf. i^pj 
'jh20,7.j pi. D'''?^^., c. "•b.'r.l Ez.4,12 
a. 15. (Ace. Puerst the sing, is .J 
after the form of 7^ which has 
the same reduplication in the pi: 

n^'^'^-i , c. •'S^.v). 

D'^il (M- °''^^.^ to wrap, to cover. 

89 xa^ 

T T 

Wi^ {sf- ''IP/^) w. prop, something 
wrapped together, hence: shape- 
less mass, undeveloped form ^p7| 
T]\^''jJ INT my undeveloped form 
(i. e. my embryol did thy eyes 
see Ps. 139,16; in later Hebrew: 
an idiot, a fool. 

nV2b^ (/■. n^l^iJ adj. solitary, 
desolate; of a woman: barren, 

j;'?5 Hithp. V'210^ to move with 
violence; of a quarrel: to be en- 
kindled c*iDJ an? y^JOC ''?.P'?1 
before the quarrel is enkindled, 
leave it ofl'Pr.17.14; of a person: 
to enrage oneself v'7in\ '^''IN"'??! 
and every fool enrageth himself 

"]X?';3j|p".M.jy grandson of Manasseh 
and another person, ^atr; ''"liJ/J. — 
2) Gilead, a province east of the 
Jordan; originally Tjh^ Gt'n.31,48 
(Puerst a. Stb.). 

ivblipr. n. see nrSj 2. 

2?7j| ace. Stb.: to glide down (Puerst: 

- T 

to stretch oneself, to lie down) 
nrSjl inp ^tyS^^ that glide down 
(descend) from mount Gilead 

Qji 1) conj. also, too, even; D^ ...D| 
as well... as; negatively: neither... 
nor; QK D^ , ''? DJ even when, 
although — 2) adv. yet, however 
•'S-1'72; nS DJ yet they have not 
prevailed against me Ps. 129,2. 

XOJl P^- ^^^ to drink in, to swallow; 




poet, of a war-horse: {'"IN KQJ^ he 
swalloweth the ground Jb.39,24. 
Hiph. N"'l?Jn to give to drink 
W ''J"N''ipjn give me to drink Gen. 

Xp'jl ni. papyrus-plant, bulrush, 

1t2i "». prop, fist, hence: span (a 

"IBS ™- ace. Stb. probably flst- 
fighter (Rashi; dwarf, pigmy); 
only pi. Cnaj Ez.27,11. 

?V2i »i. 1) a weaned child (see 
7PJ), — 2) pr. n, m. — '71tD| r\^2 see 
under n''3 . 

'^^.DJt «■ 1) desert, benefit, recom- 
pense, reward i"? rt'm\ VT SlD^ 
the desert of his hands shall be 
given him ls.3,li; vh''afh^ all 
his benefits Ps.103,2; with Ott'n 
or chV: to give a reward, to rec- 
ompense Pr.l2,U a. 19 17. 

r!7l0il {pl- ni'^ID^) /. recompense. 

T : 

iTfiil ^w"- w- a place in Judah. 

tlOJI I. (/■«(. Vo^: i pt. hdi) prop, to 
bring to an end or limit, hence: 
1) inir. to ripen, to become ripe 
7DJ! 153 the sour grape is ripen- 
ing Is.18,5; tr. to yield ripe fruits 
D''"]i".ti' 7DJ*J and it yielded ripe 
almonds Num. 17, 23. — 2) to wean 
(from the breast); inf. sf. T]7DJI"1JJ 
inx until thou have weaned him 
IS. 1,23; pt. p. SiDI weaned 1S1DJ 
'^'~r}1?. those that are weaned from 
■ milk 

Ntph. h^ii (fut. hn}\) to be 
weaned 'joitl n^?n h-lij} and the 
child grew and was weaned Gen. 
21,8; rJhri hp.^) ny so soon as the 
child shall be weaned IS. 1,22. 
ht2i 11. (fut. "Pior.; pt- "^OJl) to give 
according to desert, to reward, to 
recompense, to benefit niiT; ''J„pJ''. 
^"5"1V? Ihe Lord rewarded me ac- 
cording to my righteousness Ps. 
18,21; Vi. ''P'?it2^ ''n'??! DN if I have 
recompensed him that was at 
peace with me with evil 7,5; bcs 
nm t:>iX itrSJ a man of kindness 
benefits his own soul Pr. 11,17; 
with hi: to deal beneficently with: 
-'h-J SOJ ^3 for he dealt benefi- 
cently with me Ps.13,6 (ace. Stb. 
=iSl? 1D| 57,3 he bestoweth his 
care on me). 

7fi| (pl- C'h'O^ , c. i^DJ) com. camel. 

7X vpl pr. n. a prince of the tribe 
of Manasseh. 

IOj (.fut. '1D^: ; pt. ipjl) i; to end., 
to cease to be H^Dn ia| the pions 
have ceased to be Ps.12,2.— 2) to 
accomplish ''1V2 ifij^. n^ni the 
Lord will accomplish for me Ps. 
138,8; ■^h'J IDJl Ss:'] unto God that 
accomplisheth [his goodness! on 
mo 57,3 (Stb.: that bestoweth his 
care on me). 

"IDS Ch. to perfect; pt. p. liDii the 

perfect Ezr.7,12. 
1011 pr. n. 1) son of Japheth.— 2) 


people descended from Qomer.— 
3) wife of the prophet Hosea. 
(T'IDjI pr. n. m. Jer.29,3. 

irflOjl pr. n. m. Jer.36,10. 

IT :- : 

|a {pi. D'^JJ) m. garden ]'ri}-]i the 
garden of Eden Gen. 2,15. 

:ija {fut ±^) ; pt. ai-I ; pt. p. 2^ , 
pi. D''31Jil) to purloin, to steal; 
fig. of the wind: to carry off fbs 
n^lD ^Fi^ii as chaff which the 
storm carrieth off Jb.21,18; with 
accus. of a person : to deceive 
■"iTlN .3JJri1 and thou hast deceived 
me Gen.31,27; with yp: to steal 
Into one's heart, to deceive Gen. 
31,26; pt. p. f. c. ''05W (for najj) 
that which hath been stolen Gen. 
Niph. ajJi (fwi. ajJ;) to be stolen. 
Fi. iA^ (M- ■3Ar.) ta steal; ^li. 

i"liT ''JiJD that steal ffly words 
-T : ■•:-: •' 

Jer.23,30; with iv : to deceive. 

Pu. aJJi (M. inyv, m/". &|) to 
be stolen ''Jliiii iii I was stolen 
away Gen.4-0,1'5; with 7g : to be 
imparted secretly ^i^. "IJT ''bti] 
and to me a word was imparted 
secretly Jb.4,12. 

Hithp. .aAlOr? to steal through, 
CO repair to a place by stealth. 

n^Jil /'■ something stolen, theft. 
T" : 

n35'(=]|;iJ«. nii:J) /•. garden, 
naa (=n^i) f. garden tUS ^J^ nut' 
garden Cant.6,11. 

91 '^r| 

TJJ to gather in, to hide. 

T35 (only j??. c. V.JJl) m. 1) treasury 


^vSD M^'? the king's treasuries Est. 

3,9.'— 2) chest D'^Dna V.J^. chests 

of colored cloth Ez.27,24. 
TJ5 Ch. m. treasure Nnjirn''3 the 

treasure-house Ezr.5,17. 
TITJJI "*■ treasure-chamber; pJ. sf. 

VStJI lChr.28,11. 
]3JI (^«/'- ]^j|) to cover, to protect, 

to shield twith h^,, h'i). 

Hiph. |Jri {fut. ]j;-) to be a 

shield (with "71? over, 1173 around). 

nVl (inf. iW; M- nyj^J to cry, to 

T T *^ 

low (of oxen). 
nS?Jl JJ*". n. a place near Jerusalem. 


7S?ll (A**' '??■?."') to reject, to abhor., 
to detest (with the accus. or 2) . 

Mph. 7J?J3 to be rejected, to be 
cast away. 

Biph. S''rjn (Jut. h'^'Jil) to cast 
away '^^^yJl'^Sl 13V ili'ti* his bull 
engendereth and casteth not away 
(i. e. he does not waste his seed) 
Jb. 21,10. 

^S?]| m. loathing, aversion. 
- I 

1J?3 {fut. "irJl i mj3. "iVii ; mf- c- "iJ'l . 
""ll?J) to rebulte, to scold, to threat- 
en ; with accus. t D^.iil ^"^M^ thou 
hast rebuked nations Ps.9,6i or 
with 3: 13 nyjl but he will re- 
buke it Is.17,13; bss D?^ ''ri'iyJl 
and I will rebuke for you the dc- 




vourer ti e. the destroyer) Mai. 

3,ii;yiTn"n^. o^h nyj '';jnMai.2,3 

1 will rebuke unto you the seed 
(Ges.; I will deny ynu your har- 

mrjl (c iTliJiis/'TiriliJJ)/' rebuke, 
scolding,' threatening. 

S/'Vi ifut ^"4T) to shake, to tremble. 
Pit. tl>y;i ifut tl'y'jp to be shaken. 
Hithp a) £'y|rin to be in com- 
motion, to be shaken, h) ^'Hirn 
to totter, to reel. 

5^'i;j| pr. n a mountain in Ephraim 

^V.^'bni valleys at the base of 
this mountain 2S 23,30. 

fljl {sf. iSJ! , pi. c '^Si.)m. prop, back, 
hence: 1) high point, top ''piip "'SJ 
n^jT, the tops of the height of 
the town Pr.9,8.— 2) fig. body, 
person S'V''. iSJ3 he shall go out 
with his body, i. e. by himself 

F]j| Ch. {pi ps|) «i, wing. 

]£5 («/". i:|3i, pi. W^tij) f., rarely m. 

vine, vine-stock. 
*l£Jl m. a kind of strong tree (ace. 

some: cypress; others: cedar). 
n''"i£)l f- brimstone. 
15 pt- of 11J1 , which see. 


stranger, foreigner, guest. 

"15 see T^J . 

in see Tiji, nli. 

!^13 i""- w. w. 

i*l5 m. itch, scurvy. 


315 1) pr. n. m.— 2) i.lJ ni?i^ a 

hill near Jerusalem, 
■1315 (i'Z- Cl''1|1^) TO. berry. 

I ^"^pl (o"^y i'^' '^' ^^"^^1^) f- neck, 
i throat. 

I ''t^'Jl"^il i"*- «■ one of the Ganaanitic 
nil only HXhp. l^jJAf to scratch 

ni5 Pi- ni:i (fut. mJ^) to kindle, 
to provoke, to stir up. 

Hithp. n^4nn (fut n^|n\ op. 

1|ri^.) to be enraged, to stir one- 
self up rrarh^h T[')^r\\ he win stir 

himself up for war Dan. 11,25; 
with 3 : to provoke, to excite, to 
stir up nn.inn lia •'3 for thou 
hast provoked the Lord Je"- 50,24; 

nyi3 n;]|nn na^ why shouidest 

thou excite (meddle with) evil? 

2K.i4,iO; non':n n3 i|nri '?« do 

not stir up a war with them Deut. 
mil f- 1) cud nnJin i^ra those that 

T" T 

chew the cud Lev.ll,4.~ 2) grain 
(weight =20th part of a shekel). 
jllJl {sf. ^Jilil) m. throat, neck. 

ri^lJl f- shelter, inn. 

PJl (=1'^) Niph. nJJ to be cut eff. 

-T ^ 

"'?15 (.Ktib \nj) jpr. ft. a people in 
the south of Palestine IS. 27, 8, 
whence ace. some D^n^ in . 

D^nil i"" »»• a mountainin Ephraim 
(ace. some from ^II'S 1 wKch see). 


93 >iia 

m. axe. 

'pin ace. Stb. to rummage, to seek 
gropingly, -whence: 7pijl a lot or 
voling-stone (which is drawn by 
groping in the urn). 

-'^"[^ Ktib Pr.19,19 for -h'O^ . (Stb,, 
like Ges., derives this word from 
the assumed stem Sl^ and he 
renders it: seeking for.) 

n|]3 C^ DTlJ, i)J. sf. V1y^i^ m. 1) bone; 
■fig. strength Cl^ "^^OD. a strong- 
boned ass Gen. 49,14.— 2) essence 
of a thing, self ni^Sn D^.A"'^^* 
on the steps themselves 2K.9,13 
(comp. D^l? which signifies 'bone' 
and also 'self). 

Q^ljl (den. from DT.?.) to strip off 
bones; fig. Zph.3,3 of judges who 
are compared to evening-wolves: 
IpiS lanJ vh they do not strip 
off the bones in the morning, i. e. 
in their avidity they complete 
their preying in the night (others: 
they let nothing remain for the 

Pi!, nn.,3 (fut. nnj:) to strip off, 

to gnaw DIJ^. DO'^niOVy he will 
strip off their bones Num.24, 8 
(others: break their bones); TiKl 
iDn.jn Tp^'p. and thou shalt gnaw 
Its sherds Ez.23,34 (Stb. : thou 
shalt lick clean ; others : thou 
shalt break to pieces). 
D15 Ch. ipl. sf. ]^n''P^J) m. bone. 

\il\sf. ^n|;pJ. m^h c- ^iJ^^J f: 

1) open place (before the gate of 
a city). — 2) threshing-floor; fig. 
of the oppression of Israel: "]5 
''3'1| the son of my threshing- 
floor, i. e. the one trodden like 
grain Is 21,10, 
D"1J| to be crushed n^Nn'? ''ti'BJ n^M, 

-r T -;-:■:- T ;t 

my soul is crushed from longing 

Blph. On.Jn (fut D^J^) to crush, 
to break. 

yi| (fut. :/1f.; pt.p. $;i|i inf ri,|) 
1) to withdraw, to diniinish vh 
rrSJ p-iT^D j;nr he withdraweth 
not his eyes from the righteous 
Jb.36 7; S?'-|^S ps' li^D from it there 
is nothing to be diminished Ec. 
3,14. — 2) ace. Ges. to attract, to 
draw (with h^) nD?n Tj^'-K Vli^] 
and thou drawest unto thee wis- 
dom? Jb.15,8 (Eng, Bibie: and dost 
thou restrain wisdom to thy- 
self?). — 3) of a beard: to shear 
nS?"!^ ISV t'' ^^^ every beard is 
shorn Jer.48,37. 

Niph. 3?nJJ {fut. V^W , f^ V^i\) 
to be diminished, to be deducted 
TlliyO VIJJI and it shall be re- 
moved (deducted) from thy esti- 
mation Lev.27,18; -DB* )}^t\ na!^ 
?J^5X why should the name of 
our father be removed Num.27,4. 
PL yn.3 {fut. J^IJ^) to attract, to 
draw up Difi'iBW Vl^. he draweth 
up drops of water Jb. 36,28. 

tl")j| sweep away; sf. DB'1^ Jud.5,21 
he swept them away. 

T\l I, {fut. nJ'') to draw, to drag 




up iD'in? ^n^lJ^. he draggeth it up 
in his net Hab.1,15. 

Niph. I^i to he drawn, to flow 
away iSS Di^3 riil|J drawn (flow- 
ing) away on the day of his 
wrath Jb.20,28. 
113 II. C/Vi. 141) to cut, to saw, to 

grind, to chew lir**-" ^^.i he 
cheweth not the cud Lev.11,7. 

Pu. Tlil to he cut off, to be 
sawed; pt. npJSS niTlJp sawed 
with a saw IK. 7,9. 

Eithp. "l^iiinn to tear, to rage 
IlilJI!? "lyD a raging storm Jer. 
30,23 (others render ll'^inO 'con- 
tinuing', 'abiding', from IIJ I.). 

115 F'- '*• ^ city in Philistia. 

2J-)5I. (from 2*1:1 1.; sf.nK?"!:!) m. prop. 

vi-.- ^ • 

something ground, hence: grits. 
a^13 II. m. fruit, produce □''0^ ti'':i| 

fruit of the moons (months) Deut. 

{J^'IJ I. to be crushed, to be ground 


tyi5 11. M- ti'iJl ; pt- ^i}) to thrust, 
to^ drive, to expel Tl^AflO tt'lJ ''J^H 
'''IDNinTlN 1 will drive out before 
thee the Emorite Ex.34,11; ^f. ^. f. 
timii divorced Lev.21,7; of the 
sea: to cast up tt*Sl VD'^D 1tJ>1.JM 
tD''Dl and its waters cast up mire 
and dirt Is.57,20; verb. n. tJ*1J0 
driving out D^ H^I^D ]V1zh_ in 
order to drive it out that it may 
be for a prey Bz.36,5. 

Niph. V^liUpt. irnJJ) to be driven 
or cast oiit Tl\;''?[ \^JD ''rit?*nJJ I 

am driven out from before thy 
eyes Jon.2,5; of the sea: to be 
troubled C*1JJ D^5 like the troubled 
sea Is.57,20. 

Pi. ^"^J. (fut. ty.TJV, inf. a tmp. 
tyiJ) to drive out, to cast out 
n;JD Djns ^':\i\ tJ*!!! he shall surely 
drive you out from here Ex.11, 1; 
nwn niOXn K>1|cast out this bond- 
woman Gen.21,10; with sf. ifin^hJl 
and thou shalt drive them out 

Pu. ti'lJI to be driven forth 
nilV?? wiJ they were driven 
forth from Egypt Ex.12,39. 
^15 III. same as C* V to take hold 

-T ^ 

of, to seize upon, whence ri&li 
nan5 (from ^^i III.) f. extortion, 
robbery (Ges.: expulsion, from 

ts^l II.) wh'J'D B^^^i^")} iDn.n 

remove your extortions from my 

people Ez.45,9. 
]12'''15 pr. n. TO. Gen.46,11 =Db>lJ 

lChr.6,1; gent, ''i^n^ Num.3,23. 
Q55''15 pr. n. 1) son of Moses Bx.2, 

22. — 2) another person mentioned 

in Ezr.8,2. 
11!^*5 J"*- w. 1) northern district of 

Manasseh. — 2) a kingdom in 

Syria. — 3) a district in the south 

of Palestine. 

hti I. c^ ngfr, pi. D''nu>J, c. '<DB*ii) m. 

rain D!?'|. D''?rn ^^''t?! Df if the 
clouds be full of rain Ec.11,3; 
nionp D^^ rain of beneficence Ps. 
68,10; nji.? 115^.5 rains of blessing 




Ez. 34,26; sometimes -oupled with 
its synonym 1^13 to emphasize 
its meaning: Da>.ii"1tDp abundant 
rain Zch.10,1; ilV nilDI? ni^i the 
pouring rains of" his strength Jb. 

D^*5 II. pr. n. m. Neh.2,19 =1Dip^ 

WS/'St (.den. from QB^A I.) to rain (Kal 
not used), 

Pu. D^JI to be rained upon; only 
Ez.22,24: hw; Hb ...pN' a land... 
that is not rained upon. (Because 
of the dageshed He some lexicog- 
raphers assume that npte^il is a 
noun with the suffix iT^i its form 
being D&'Jl =02'.^. rain). 

Hiph. D^B'Jn to cause to rain, 
to give rain; pt. pi. D^DE'JD Jer. 
14,22 those that give rain. 

U^'a Ch. («/■. HDB*^ , |inpB>p m. body. 

^05^1 see am II. 

Vi/Si l"". "• -^ a district in north- 
eastern Egypt.— i!j a city in Judah. 

NStl'il P^. »*. ''*• 

St'S'S Pe. tl*'^^ {fut. my) to grope 
T'P Dn\V3 ria'?>j; we grope like 
the blind on the wall Is. 59, 10. 

rijl I. ipl. riin.3) f- wine-press. 

TM II. pi". «■ a city in Philistia; 
with n loc. nry ; gent. ''Pii . 

Wi']^ pr. n. a city in Benjamin. 

nTlJl ace. Ges. g'eraf. /". a musical 
instrument of D^ (Puerst; a music- 
al body of Levites, who had their 
chiei seat in the Levitical city 

"iri3 i"". w. son of Aram Gen. 10,23 
(Puerst: an Aramean people and 

T the fourth letter of the alphabet, 
called nJ?T =riST door, from its 
original similarity to the trian- 
gualar door of a tent; as a nu- 
meral n=4, 'i=4,000. 

XT Ch. dem. pron. f. this KTW^j^? 
in this horn Dan.7,8; iir']'Q «T one 
from the other 7,3; Kn"" «^ one 
against the other 5,6. 

2XT (-''^erh. n. H^S!!) to faint, to 
languish, to pine away H^sn e*SJ 
soul that languisbeth Jer.31,24: 
"•jV ^yo nnST "'^V. my eye lan- 

guisheth from affliction Ps. 88, 10; 

^i3' nasi'? IS-'Dii-N'?] and they 

shall not languish any more Jer. 

n.SX'^ f- languish, fear. 
llDi^'l /"• pining, faintness. 
JSn see J5 . 


2tH*^ {M' ^'^11) to be troubled; with 
accus. or jD : to fear rijt<T ^!?"nS> 
whom dost thou fear? Is. 57,11; 
i;iNDnp JSn^J 1 fear because of 
my sins Ps. 38,19; with h'- to be 




anxious ^jS JNT,! and he will be 

anxious about us IS. 9,5, 
iiil pr. n. an Edomite lS.21,8=j;il 

Ktib 22,18. 
fljX^ f- anxiety, fear "1.2'ip nJK"1I2 

for fear of tlie thing Jos.22,24. 
nXl (M nXT., ap. Ni;.) to fly, 

tn flit, to soar nn "'SJr'??; N* 1>J 

and be flitted on the wings of the 

wind Ps.18,11. 
nS"l f- bird of prey, vulture. 

T T 

"INI see "liT pr. n. 

y^ , yn (pi. D^S'l) com. bear, she- 

i"n Ch. same as Heb. 

Xi'l (from N3T =j: to flow) m. 
affluence; oceurs only Deut. 33,25 
with sf. ^^'^T ^"'Pt?'' ^s ''liy days, 
so shall thy affludnce be (others: 
as thy young age, so shall thy 
old age be). 

i^'^ Po. ^yn to cause to speak, 
to make talkative D'':ii:\in£B> JilT 
making talkative the lips of those 
that are asleep Cant.7,10. 

n.3'^ f- talk, evil report, slander 

T • 

ny n3T a talk of the people Ez, 
36,3; flKH r\T\ iN'^rj and they 
brought up an evil report of the 
land Num.13,32; DMTnN ...KOM 

' ' T T • V "T- 

n^T and he brought... an evil re- 
port of them Gen.37,2. 
mini ipl- Q^iai) f. bee. 

n"l1i'n i"*- n. 1) nurse of Rebecca. — 
T : 

2) prophetess and judge of Israel 

nyi, Ch. to sacrifice; pt. pi. iriN 
|''nJ'l"''T the place where they 
were sacrificing Ezr.6,3. 

fli'l (pi- pni'l) m. sacrifice. 

Il'^'^ (only pi. n'^Ji^^l) m. dung, 
excrements of doves (ace. Puerst 
from r}T\ after the form \'<"h)i ■, 
pilK ; older Jewish interpreters: 
=D''jii JIT the flux of doves). 

~]^y^ I. m. innermost part of the 
temple, the holy of holies. 

T'n II. ^r. n. 1) a Phenician king. — 
2) a Phenician city, formerly 
called 1?D-n:ip Jud.1.11 cr-niip 
n|D Jos.15,49; ' see also n::i . 

r6y^ (c. nSa-] ; pi: n'^'ril.) /■. cake 
of figs, a lump nS^T nSs a piece 
of a cake of figs IS.30,12; rh,T\ 
nijS'i'p a lump of flgs 2K.20,7. ' 

nt'2'n f- a city on the northern 
border of Palestine Ez.6,14 (prob- 
ably =nSi"l Jer.52,9). 

Q^'P^I pr. n. m. 
•I- : • 

Q''P'7Jn pr. n. a city in MoaL. 
■i-T : • 

1p?n, -^^piV, fut. p2y,; inf. 
nji?^) with 2 , S or '?« : to cleave, 
to stick, to cling, to adhere, to 
be attached; with '''inx : to fol- 
low close after; with accus.: to 
overtake, to caich H^'in ''J|l|"in ]H . 
lest some evil overtake me Gen^ 

Fu. p2^ (fut. p3T) to be strong- 
ly attached. 




mph. p^ai.ri {fut. psT) with ■?« -. 

to cause to cleave, to make ad- 
here; with ''"inN : to pursue, to 
follow close after; with accus.: to 
overtake innp''3nn HDnban the 
battle overtook him Jud. 20,42. 

Hoph. pyvi to be attached, to 
cleave; pt "'Hip'rD pSID ^mh ray 
tongue cleaveth to my'palate Ps. 

p— T Ch. to cleave, to stick. 

pD'l (f. ni^a^ ; pi. m. n^pi'l) adj. 

cleaving, attached to (with S or 2). 
pi"^. "*• welding, soldering, union; 

pi. a^py] IK.22,34 joints of a coat 

of mail. 

"i:i"n I- ipt- i;?T , pi. cii^ , /•. ni-iin , 

- T ■ • 

pt. p. 13^) same as PL: to speak 
Tl'i'^N "lii ''JK "tm that I speak unto 
thee Ex.6,29; "'3' linn T;!<Ssn the 
angel that spoke with me Zch.l, 
9; ■'ti'Sl '75? yi n^'i.^lU those that 
speak evil against my soul Ps. 
109,20; nri''V'\, Dl? DiS^ nil who 
speak peace with their neighbors 
28,3: VJSK"'??; "155 1|15 a word 
spoken in a proper manner Pr. 
25,1.1; once verb. n. with sf. and prep. 
T115'13 Ps.51,6 in thy-speaking. 

Niph. 13"]J to speak to one 
another, to converse. 

Pi. -I3T (/■««. 121) ; ;)*. 1211?, f. 
n.pana ; emp. a. inf. 135 , "131) to 
speak; with Sn : to speak to Pl121) 
V^K and thou shalt speak to him 
Ex.4,1 5; with b'i ; tn speak concern- 
ing in^inS''?i? i^"1.?5^ to speak to 

him concerning Adoniah IK. 2,19; 
with 3; to speak concerning cr 
against ''2^-htA, T]3 -|31« 1 will 
speak concerning thee to my 
father IS.19,3; 12^ i''3 IJISI v,e 
spoke against the Lord and against 
thee Num.27,7; with , 3.'?"'7i? ; 
to speak kindly or persuasively 
nii!Jn iS-'^y I^T^ and he spoke 
kindly unto the maiden Gen. 34,3; 
with 2h2, 2h-n'J, aS-^K.: to think 
Ec.2,15; 1,16; Gen.24,45; with ^liBtip-. 
to call to account Jer.39,5; Mith 
l^ti' : to utter, to sing a song 
Jud 5,10. 

Pit. 121 (fw*. I^T.; pt. 12112) 
to be spoken; to be wooed CV2 
12 121''^_ on the day when, she 
will be spoken for (weed) Cant. 
8,8; T|| 12in nn|i?J glorious 
things are spoken of thee Ps.87,3. 

Hithp. to oonverse,to speak; only 
pt. 12112 (for 12ir\12) Ez.2,2 (j;n^'f<1 
>h» 133D nS and 1 heard him 
that conversed with mel. 

li"! II. to drive (herds), to drive 
along (rafts\ to lead (comp. Talm, 
131 , [s'J131l2 leader): fig. to drive 
away, to snatch away, to destroy, 

Pi. 131 to exterminate 13101 
nn^OSn :;it b2-r\» anl she ex- 

XT : '^ -V T 

terminated all the royal seed 

Hiph. l-iSin {fut. ap. ISI.I) to 
subdue •'nnn D''J?y 131.1J! and he 
subdueth nations under me 
Ps. 18,48. 




'12'n (c. 131 ; pi- d^l^l , c. ^51) m. 
i/word, speech 1JTn3''SpNV.\N'7 
a word shall not proceed out of 
your mouth Jos.6,10; Cinx D''1$1 
the same words (language) Gen. 
11,1; ''?■>* nnan E*''N' »h I am not 
a man of words Ex.4,10; 1$n |in^ 
Intelligent in speech IS. 16,18.— 
2) report, news "ip IJIH .TH n&N 
'TODtJ* true was the report that 
I heard IK.10,6.— 3) answer i''E'D 
l.n'l he who returneth an answer 
Pr. 18,13.- 4) order, command, 
commandment ni^^D 15"! ^'.V,l let 
there go forth a royal order Est. 
1,19; nnaiO ni.^y the ten com- 
mandments Deut.4,13.— 5) thing, 
something, anything "l^i?. IJt" t 
tyNJ t<2^ anything that conieth 
into the Are Num.31,23; n^T nil?? 
something shameful (literally : 
shame of something) Deut.24:,l; 
anil rh^h'i Deut.22,14 charge of 
the commission of something, i. e. 
accusation (see n!7'''p5J); nD'liT 
Num. 23,3 anything which; with a 
negative particle: ^^'^ ]''X it is 
nothing Mum.20,19i 131 "i^V.lU'h^ 
do nothing Qen.19,18; 131 N"? Am. 
6,13 thing of naught, insignificant 
thing. — 6) matter, affair ''7 13T 
Tj^.Sn I have a matter for thee 
l£2,14; niJinN.n nni the matter 
of the asses IS.10,2. — 7) cause, 
law-suit DniT T42 one who hath 
a cause Ex.24-,14:. — 8) event, oc- 
currence nDn7Sn naT the events 
of the war 28.11,18; CO^H nai 
the events of the days (1. e. chron- 

icles) IK. 15,7.— 9) course, or- 
der (before words denoting time) 
nJC^a nje'-"l5'l the course of every 
year, i. e. yearly 2Chr.9,24; "I5I 
iDi^3 Di^ the order of every day, 
i. e. daily Ex.5,13- — 10) joined 
to 1??: because of, on account of, 
for the sake of 1IB' 15T''?? be- 
cause of Sarai Gen. 12,17;D9''13T'?:a 
for your sakes Deut.4,21; before 
a verb with additon of 1tt*N : be- 
cause ngrrsS if « liT*?!' be- 
cause she cried not Deut. 22,24. 

1.2'^ (from 13T II.) m. destruction, 
pestilence, plague; j)Z.sf.7|n31 ''ilS 
nia where are thy plagues, 
death! Hos.13,14. 

'^i'^ m. prop, a place to which 
herds are driven (see liT II.), 
whence: pasture or sheep-fold 
(1131=) il3'ir! tlin3 11.V3 a sa flock 
in the midst of its pasture (or 
fold) Mic.2,12; 01313 D''B>33 liini 

'' t;t; 't;^t: 

(□13133=) and the sheep shall 
feed as on their pasture (others: 
after their manner). 

1^'^ see l''^^ II. 2i only with n loc. 
ni31 Jos.15,6. 

'ISI Jer.5,13 ace. Puerst: the speak- 
er, i. e. the spirit of God speak- 
ing through the prophets (others: 
the word). 

ni3T f- utterance; only pi. with 
sf. a. pref. TJiOISID t<f) shall 
receive of thy utterancesDeut.33,3. 

nTi"! (c. ill^l; sf. \ni?1) f. 1) 
cause (Stb.: speech) D"'rlSl5("'?N 



T T 

"'O'n^l C3T«< unto God would I 
commit my cause (or : would I 
address my speech) Jb.5,8.— 3) 
manner, order plX^'il'^D ''O^I^T'^y 
after the order of Melchizedek 
Ps. 110,4 CO^OI is an ancient form 
for c. ri'151)- — 3) ground, reason; 
with hv : because of, on account 
of, in regard of nrUU' n!l5T h'J 
C^''d -.^. in regard of the oath of 
God Eo.8,2; with the addition of 
^ to the next word: in order that 
nnxn K^?^. iihp rii:?T^'i in order 
that man should not And 7,14. 

nil'1 Ch. (c. jTlil) f. cause -h'J 
^T ^1?1 in order that Dan.2,30. 

nii'l (only pi. nnil) f. prop, 
driving (from n^J !'•), hence: a 

mb'^ see nnu"!. 

T ; ■ 

nnii see n-i^'-i . 

mH'^ i'^- **■ ^ city in Issachar (ace. 
Puerst =ri''3'in Jos.19,20). 

^21 to be slimy, to be fleshy 

JJ^^T] (sf. ''E'5'1) m. honey (prop, 
something slimy) ty^TeilV honey- 
comb Pr.16,24. 

n5J?31 1) prop, a lump of flesh, 
hence: hump (of a camel).— 2) 
pr. n. a place in Zebulun. 

y^ (once JKT Neh.13,16; pi. D^JT , 
c. ''JT) jw. fish. 


nj'^ to grow, to increase, to mul- 

T T 

tiply (whence JT , r\Xl fish, be- 
cause of its great power of mul- 
tiplication) 3"l7 '^i'W) and let them 
grow into a multitude Gen.48,16. 

]1JI'^ J""- «• god of the Philistines 
(in the form of a flsh with head 
and hands of a man). 

7jn (den. from vJI banner; Atf. Vill^) 

to set up a banner 1J''i1-!i!. D??? 
bi'lj in the name of our God will 
we set up a banner Ps.20,6; pt. p. 
71JIT celebrated, distinguished '7UT 
nD^ID distinguished among a 
myriad Cant.5,10. 

Niph. '7^"]? to be equipped witn 
banners ni'7.n^3 na|« terrible as 
bannered hcs.s Caiit. 6, i; ace. 
some ni'JillJ female warriors, 

'pJI (sf. ''SjT; pi. niSji , c. •'Sjl) *n, 
banner, standard, flag. 

\ir\ (c. 1^1 ; sf- ^J^"^) w. corn, grain, 
bread (from nJT to grow). 

"IJI to gather, to hatch eggs Nip 
I"?"! ^hl (IJn^) "IJT as a cuckoo 
that hatcheth eggs which he hath 
not laid Jer.17,11; H^V? nn^T and 
it shall gather its eggs under its 
shadow Is. 34,15. 

T^ (dM. DnT , c. ■'n'n ; sf. n^T , Tinn) 

m. breast, teat. 
HTn (ace. Stb. akin to I^J) only 

ffi%. fut. 1 n'n^b' (for niiriK) to 

move, to walk, to wander iTHlb' 
''QiJU'"'?3 I shall wander all my 




years Is.38,15; with sf. to wander 

with D\':'?N rria-nr onnx i would 

walk with them to the house of 
God Ps.42,5. 
1 7"^ pr. n 1) grandson of Cush, 
head of a tribe which settled in 
eastern Arabia at the Persian 
gulf, and carried on commerce 
from that gulf to Tyre; =nJT.'n Bz. 
25,13— 2) a descendant of Abra- 
ham by Keturah and founder of a 
tribe in northern Arabia. 

)'5*J"1'^ P'- '*• ^ Greek tribe descend- 
ed from Javan Gen. 10,4; =D''jnil 

DHT Ch. (def. Naqn) m. gold. 

J^ini Ktib l'Z-.4,9 for ii^rn pr. n. 
of a people. 

arr^ (ace. Stb. aWn to Di"n a. Dm) 
Ni2)h. Dnnj (pt. Dn"!j) to grow dumb, 
to be stupefied, to be perplexed. 

"jTl'l (only pt. iril) to run, to gal- 

nyi'n (only pi. c. niiq^) f. gallop. 

JN11 see m. 

i^n Hiph. y]r\ to cause anguish; 
only pt. tJ>§J ni^inp that cause 
anguish of the soul Lev.26,16. 

yH"^ a. J"!"! {den. from JT) to fish 
D1J''"11 and they shall fish them 
(catch them like fish) Jer 16,16. 

jn Ktib Jer.16,16 for Jn , which 

nj*"! f- fishing, fishery nm nH^D 
Ashing vessels Am. 4,2. 

"Ill ace. Ges. ij=S.yriao Tn, Heb. 

nif to agitate, to boil, whence 
in a /pot, a kettle.— .s; =1T to 
love, whence H^T, .CNin, etc. 

TT'^ , ni («/■. nin , pi. di-ih) «. i; 

relation, uncle; 'il']2 nephew 

3) one beloved, friend Cant.6,3. — 

3) pi. D'^niniove nnn jie*!? couch 

of love Bz.23,17 Cil niij let us 
enjoy love Pr.7,18, 

in m. 1) pot, kettle nfSJ nil a 
seething pot;^Z. DHT.'!.— 2) basket; 
pi. Onn 2K.10,7 or CNlfl Jer. 

Tl'l, "■''in i"" »■ king of Israel and 
■ Psalmist 1 S. 16, 18; Am. 9, 11. 

D'STI'n m. pi. 1) mandrakes Gen. 

• T 

30,14; Cant. 7,14 (lexicographerf 
assume "''Vn as the sing.).— 2)onb 
of the pi. forms of nil 2: \s"in 
CJKfl baskets of figs Jer. 24, 1. 
n'jl'n f- (fromw. injauntEx.6,20. 

nn vr.n. m. 1,12=Ktib ^IH 

i: ti 13, 9. 
^nmi ;;»•. w. 2 Chr. 20, 37. 


mi (Ges.=:3S'T to languish, Stb. 

T T *^ O » 

=N$T lo flow) to be ill, to be 
sick (of a woman during her 
mensefa); verb. n. sf. nmn riJ the 

separation during her illness Lev. 
12,2 (non-suffixed form nil). 

nil (/■. nn) adj. sick, ill IJsS HH 
our heart is sick Lam.5,17; of a 
woman during her menses: niT 
nnnJ5 who is ill in her separa- 
tion Lev.15,33. 

nil fakin to nnn , nnj) Bip^. nnri 

(fut. nn.;) i) to expel, to drive 




out 'Jn'''in he drove me out Jer. 
51,34: — 2) to wash off, to cleanse, 
to purge n^Vn'nfc* inn; DE? where 
they washed off the burnt-offer- 
ings Ez.40.38; PiT ch^^'\\ ^^1, 
na'njJt? and he shall purge the 
blood ol Jerusalem from her midst 

''B • ^ ^11 (''■ '''•"!) *"■ ^^ sickness, 
i'UnesF ''ri B^nU bed of illness Ps. 
41,4.. — 2) putridity, rottenness 
(Puerst) ''pn.S Wl? Jb.6,6 as pu- 
tridity in my food (i. e. loath- 
some to me), 

■•n adj. sick, ill ''Vl 13^1 and my 
heart is sick Lam.1,22. 

JJIT see JNT . 

Til see nil. 

'n'.'n (akin to riDT ; pret. T]^) to crush, 
to beat, to pound HSHSS IST pound- 
ed in a mortar Nura.11,8. See 
also T]'l . 

nS''3^"n f an unclean bird men- 
tioned in Lev.11,19: hoopoe or 

a^-q (=D»5) to be silent. 

ilD^'^ f- silence, stillness; pod. 


realm of silence nttlT '^'Tl'i'' those 
who go down into the realm of 
silence (i. e. death) Ps.115,17. 
nOn pr. n. 1) son of Ishmael and 


an Arabian tribe named after 
him — 2) a city in Judah. 
n'DI'^ , '"'*0'!' a^j- f- prop- silent, 
hence: trusting, in silence, hop- 
ing, waiting ''B*SJ ni^SH £:''rl'?N-SN. 

in God my soul is trusting Ps. 
62,2; n^rii-p n>Dl Tl"^ for thee praise 
is waiting 6o,2;' as adv. in silence 
n^Dn ''ripSsJ I was damb in sil- 
ence (i. e resignedly) 39,3. 
aaVl «*■. silent, dumbDDn pK the 
dumb stone Hab.2,19; as adv.: in 
silence DDIT "^2^ sit thou in si- 
lence Is.47,5; DD'ni. hv\\ ^iD it is 
good that one should wait in si- 
lence Lam.3,26. 

p^ari see pm-1. 

I^l-q ipret. jT , pZ. W ;/•««. ]iT , pT ; 
pt. ]^) 1) to rule, to govern nriN 
irii3-n^ I'^nn thou shalt rule 
my bouse Zch.3,7. — 2) to 
judge |ip^l ''Jl? ]''T 15 he judged 
the cause of the poor and needy 
Jer.22,16! jT llii?: "lE'N •'iJlH DJI 
"'3jS and also that nation whom 
' they shall serve will I judge 
(punish) Gen.15,14; D^.iJI3 l^^ he 
will judge among the nations Ps. 
110,6.— 3) with ny or 3: to con- 
tend or strive with ]''lh ^21'' tih 
IJigp ei'^i^n^ DSJ he is not able to 
contend with one who is mightier 
than he Ec.6,10; OnM ■'Pn jiT k"? 
D'^iyS my spirit shall not always 
strive with man Gen.6,3. 
Niph. ]inj to contend "Sj \'1M 

Sn'-ib'^ 't??u> "jaa jinj nan Md ail 

the people in all the tribes of 
Israel were contending 28.19,10. 

m Ch. to judge; pjNT for 
for |ir.5 Bzr.7,25. 

jJTn "*• wax. 




P"^ (/■mi. fn;) to leap, to jump 
n2^1, fnn rjs'^l and before him 
leapeth terror Jb.41,14. 

pil"n Oh. to be fine, to be beaten 
small, to be ground; pret. pi. ^pT 
were ground (or fell to small 
pieces) Dan. 2, 35 (=Heb. p^T , 
which see). 

*1'|'^ I. prop, to turn, to circle, hence: 
to move oneself about a place, 
to dwell V'^'':i \':ns'3 in to dwell 
In the tents of wickedness Ps.84, 
11.— Ch. to dwell; pt. pi. ]'''n a. 
PT.5 Dan.2,38. 

*in II. m. 1) circle, ball 1115 Wjm 

n^TT ^^^ ^ ^^^^ encamp against 

thee in a circle Is.29,3; 1113 nSJV 
1 J - T": 

rolling together like a ball Is.22, 

18.— 2) pile of wood (=nnna) 

CDVyn "in the pile of wood for 
the bones Ez.24,5 (others take in 
in this passage as a verb and 
render it 'burn the bones', 'make 
a Are for the bones'). 

"\V\ , IT {pl- J^ilT , rarely D'^'l'l) m. 
prop, circle of time (from in I.), 
hence: 1) generation 111. il^ from 
generation to generation Ps.77,9; 
U'^'yn liT for all generations 72, 
5; DS'irmp for your generations 
Lev.3,17.— 2) dwelling ...JfgJ n.ll 
^jD Is.38,12 my dwelling... is re- 
moved from me (Stb. : my life, 
being, existence), 

11'n, "IXT pr. n. a sea-town near 
Tabor, also called lil nSJ and 

in niBJ . 

X'l^'^ Ch. pr. n. a place in Baby- 
lonia Dan. 3,1. 

^)'^ , tj*n , tj'n (^^ref. tj>n ; /'itf. trn; ; 

^f. tJ>1) i^ to tread or stamp down 
□VJl tt'lin C]b'3in anger thoutread- 
est down nations Hab.3,12; JTn 
^^^^0 nTfn the beast of the 
fields may stamp them down Jb. 
39,15; 01^*5=) NB>T[ n^jy J3r,50, 
11 a stamping heifer (Eng. Bible: 
a heifer at grass =NtJ*1). — 2) to 
beat by treading, to thresh |J"nN5 
Ctsn t^T and Oman was threshing 
wheat lChr.21,20; lia* DDnn N^ 
l!:*'''1| thou Shalt not muzzle the 
ox when he thresheth Deut.25,4. 
Niph. ti*ilJ (inf. trnri) to be 
trodden down iSiD B*nj1 and Mo- 

T t: 

ab will be trodden down Is.25,10. 
Hoph. 'iJ>in {fut. trill) to be 
threshed nV|T t^l^^ flinj; kS not 
with a threshing instrument is 
fennel threshed Is.28,27. 

tJ?^"! Ch. to tread down, to crush 
^^i^lp] njtynni and win tread it 
down and grind it up Dan.7,23. 

nri"! {inf. rini, verb. n. n1n"l ; pt. 
nni) to push, to thrust "'JnTIl ,1nT 
73^7 thou hast thrust violently 
at me that I may fall Ps.l 18,13; 
pt. p. f. iTin-in in^ a tottering 
fence Ps.62,4.' 

Niph. nn-jj (fut. nmi) to be 
thrust down j^ah nnT inwia 

through his own evil is the wicked 
thrust down Pr.14,32. (pt. p. nii 
belongs to niJ, which see.) 
Pu. nni i3 pi. ini) to be thrust 


down Dip iSa; ^*Sl ini they are 
thrust down and shall not be 
able to rise Ps. 34,13. 

nin^ Ch. Cenly pi. \p3. Dan.e.lQ) f. 
a word of doubtful signification, 
generally taken to mean: con- 
cubine or dancing girl (acc.Rashi: 
table, banquet). 

nrrn (=nn-i) Niph. {fut. m^) to be 

pushed forward Hi'l^SJI in^^. they 
shall be pushed forward and fall 
thereon Jer.23,12. 

TT'l , ^ ""nT m. downfall, destruction. 

^rT'l Ch. to be afraid, to tremble. 
'Pa. SriT to terrify. 

^m ace. Fuerst =]y^ to grow. 

in"! m- millet (trom mi)- 

tini to drive on, to impel; pt. p. 
f\'\n'l dispatched in haste Q^V5? 
D''Bin'l INV^ the runners went out 
in haste Est. 3, 15, 

Niph. «]n"lJ to hasten 'hii eim.J 
1n^3 hastened to his house Est. 

pn'^ (fut. poll ; pt prin) to press, 
to^oppress ]\pm\ H^ "^V^ ^'^ they 
do not press one another Jo. 2,8; 
DHipnil Dn'tXri':' those that afflicted 
them and oppressed them Jud.2,18. 

n (c. ■*?.) V measure, sufficiency, 
enough, sufficient ''l"';^ "!?? to 
measurelessness, i. e. more than 
enough Mai. 3, 10; n''JV :3hn ^H 
enough of goats' milk Pr.27,27; 
na? \'l enough for a sheep Lev. 

as jinn 

5,7; nSij; "IT |^« is not sufficient for 
burnt-offering Is.40,16; IliDnD n 
enough for his need Deut.15,8; 
l\5ij ''13 enough for his whelps 
Nah.2,13; with sf. ^Jl bbx eat 
thy fill Pr.25,16; DJ.! Ex.36,7 suf- 
ficient for them.— 2) with j, 3 
as prep.: H'K ^1.3 for the fire Jer. 
51,58; pn ns in' vain ib.;1|W ''n? 
at the sound of the cornet Jb.39, 
25; inrty*! n.? according to his 
fault Deut.25,'2; 1:3 i^l according 
to our abiliiy Neh.5,8. — 3) with 
a as acJu..- as often as, every time 
when, whenever 131^ ''ID as often 
as I speak Jer.20,8; ;i''^3'l i^D 
whenever thou spokest (prop, at 
every word of thine) 48,27; ''^.D 
ni^sn;;^ every yearlS.7,16; ''ID 
itJ^nnS t!*in every new moon Is. 
•■^ Ch. 1) rel. pron. com. who, which, 
that '''1D3 •''7 Kn'l''3 the castle that 
is in Media Ezr.6,2; before a noun 
with sf.: whose pnTIJJ >'l , whose 
dwelling Dan.2,11.— 2) prep, of 
the genitive: "IIJ'^'I "iHj stream of 
fire,— 5) conj. that ''i'NjK V1.J I 
know that... Dan.2,8; ]Dt ''■n'...Nr31 
n.7"|riJ^. and he requested... that 
he would give him time 2,16. — 
i) dem. adv. here "13^ nn3tt'n-'''T 
here, a man hath been found 
Dan.2,25.— '''13 n) as, even as Dan. 
2,43. 6) when 3,7. 

;3nT ^"^ pf- "■ a place near Mount 


Pi^"! J""- n. I) a. city in Moab Num. 




32,34 =|ian. Is.15,2; once taken 
by the tribe of Gad and named 
n^]bn 33,45.— 2) a place In 
Judah Neh. 11,25 =njin''1 Jos. 

y^^ see jn . 

J'^ (pi. C^p) m. fisher. 

rri (pi. nin) f. kind of a bird of 

[jrey, a vulture. 
VT TO. ink. 
•jV^'''^ see li3''1. i. 
r:31i2'''1 see ]U''n 2. 
■|''n (verbj see in . 

j'T w. X* judgment, justice jn Np3 
throne of justice Pr.20,8.— 2) 
cause, law-suit, contention PTP'? 
Y'n between cause and cause 
Deut.17,8; ''jy jn. ;■>. nt^Sj: the Lord 
will conduct the cause of the poor 
Ps.140,13.— 3) sentence n^mti 
P"! ni>Dtt>ri from heaven hast thou 
caused sentence to be heard Ps. 
76,9.— 4) law l^l. m "^V'V those 
who knew institute and law Est. 
1,13.— See also |nB> . 

y^ Ch. (def. ^''1) m. 1) tribunal 
^n) K^''T a tribunal was set Dan. 
7,10.— 2) justice yi ncniN his 
ways are justice Dan 4,34. — 3) 
judgment, sentence Kinb XJ'^T 
nilD 155?np let judgment be exe- 
cuted upon him Ezr.7,26. 

I""! m. judge. ' 

]iT Ch. CpZ- r^T-!) "*• Ji<lge' 

ny^ ?"■■ «• daughter of Jacob. 

T • 

X^yn pr. n. an Assyrian , people 

••T • 

which settled in Samaria Ezr.4,9. 

nS^I pr. n. see riD^"] . 

pi^ TO. watch-tower, bulwark. 

I "T 

5^'''■^ see U>tt . 

5J>'''^ TO. threshing-time. 


]'jj^"'"l TO. 1) antelope, mountain- 
goat. — 2) pr. n. a) son of Seir 
Gen. 36,21. b) grandson of Seir 
Gen.36,25 =]%'''l v. 26. 

"in, '^ ^J (pt. of r|n) adj. crushed, 
oppressed TlHI. Din^^ CStt'^ to judge 
the fatherless and the oppressed' 
Ps.10,18; pi. sf. VSl WK>': ip.f "|itrS 
a lying tongue hateth those that 
are crushed by it Pr.26,28. 

'^'^ Ch. (f. t]n) dem. pron. this. 

x:2"n (=n3T , tin) Mpk sanj to be 

crushed, to be dejected or humbled; 
pt. pi. D\S|1J humble Is.57,15. 

Pi. «|1 (fut. ^yV ; verh. n. sf. 
iX3T) to crush, to cast down, to 

Pu. NS'^I (pt. K|n^ , pi. Q^t}y\p) 
to be crushed, to be humbled. 

B"?%2). only fut. pi. 1K3i; Jb.5,4; 
a 35,24 for 1N'33n^ (comp. Hithp. 
of 155 I.). 
iOT 1) TO. crushing, contrition 
N|rn?? E>iJt< 3^ri thou tumest 
man to contrition Ps.90,3.— 2) adj. 
crushed, contrite nil '•KST those 
that arfe^bf a contrite spirit Ps. 

T T 


nil {ftit. i"l5"!^.) to be bowed, cast 

Niph. nsnj (1 ''O^aiJ) to be 
crushed, to be cast down; pt. nS^J 
Pi. nST (2 JT'S'I) to crush. 

131 f- bruising, crushing (particu- 
larly of the testicles) n|l IJIXf 
he that is mutilated by bruising 

■•il m. prop, crushing, breaking 

■ t: 

(from TjW), hence: breaker, wave 

n^Dn niinj INti'i the rivers lift up 
their waves Ps.93,3. 
131 Ch. (=t]^) dem. pron. this. 

I^-^ Ch. (=Heb. laj ; akin to Ij^'l) 
1) to stick into, to press into. — 
3) fig. to impress, hence: to re- 

'-\2'^ Ch. (=Heb. 1 2J ; pi. 1^1.?1)»m. 
male of sheep, a ram. 

P'131 Ch. (from 13T to i-emember) 
TO. record. 

p31 Ch. m. same as ]i1?T ; pJ. def. 
K'JlST 1BD book of records Ezr. 

T-T ; T - : 


^1, '^'^T (from '7S5; j)«. D"'h; f- 
n^T , # rii^!!) 1) adj. weak, poor, 
humble.— 2) m. poor man. 

'51 (=n!:^) m. prop, door, valve, 
hence fig. of th" lips: ''nS'lp St the 
valve of my lips P8.141,3. 

3^1 (i)*- ■^h^'^) '0 l-6*Pi '° jump. 
Pi. J.^T (/ut. J.^!!!) to leap; with 
accus.: to leap over ■Tlt2>"j^lS I 
leap over the wall Ps.lfi.30. 

n'71 (akin to S^3; fut. nhy,; inf. 

T T ' 

ri'75) prop, to hang down, hence: 
to draw, to draw out (particularly 
water, by hanging aown a bucket) 
1J^ hSt ri'^T he drew water for us 

Ex.2,19; fig^. n|^.i^ n:un tr*''N'i but 

the man of understanding will 
draw it out Pr.20,5. 

Pi. n^l to draw up, to lift up 
'<jri''^T ''3 for thou hast lifted me 
up Ps.30,2. 

1'''?^ Pr.26,7 ace. Ges. belongs 
to "^S^ , which see. 
n'i'l I. (from Si?5) f. prop, something 
hanging, hence: 1) thread-work, 
thrum; fig. of lifp: 'm?: n^5P 
from the thrum will he cut me 
off (the thread of my life) ls.38, 
12 (ace. ancient interpreters: he 
will cut me off with sickness).— 
2) locks of hair, hair-braids ph'l 
tlt?^«■| the locks of thy head Cant. 
(iVl II. (from hj) f. prop, poverty, 

T — 

hence: coll. the poor or common 
people, the rabble f^xr °- - - 
the poor of the people of the 
land 2K.24,14; nVT] ni'?T the poor 
of the people Jer.52,15; ^SH ni^T 
the poor people of the land v. 16. 

n^l (/Mi. nhy.) to make turbid or 
muddy T^b^l^ n)^ n:"iri:! and 
thou madest turbid the water with 
thy feet Ez.32,2. 

'^1 Cb^) '^- bucket, pail ''^'njp na? 
as a drop out of the bucket Is- 
.40,15; du. D :,!/'■?; .«A i;!?3 his 
'buckets Num.24.'j 




iT'^'l a- in^Sl. pr. n. of several 

Ti^^h'^ pi"- ™- a Philistine -woman, 

the paramour of Samson Jud. 16,4. 
ri"'t''^ (from hSt) /". branch, bough; 

pCsf. V-ni'b? ''Xl in the shadow 

of its branches Ez.17,23. 
t)^^ (^i. iiSSn a. ^h>3, once 1''^3 ; 2 s. 

''C^^^, iJ'- IJ^v'l") prop, to wave, 
to swing, to move in any direc- 
tion, hence: 1) to be lifted up 
Dina^ ijiy 1^3 my eyes are lifted 
up on high Is 38,14 (Bng. Bible; 
mine eyes fail with looking up- 
ward; see definition 4), — 2) to 
hang, to swing (of miners letting 
themselves down into a shaft) 

lyj E^iJ^D 1'7T aco. Qes., Puerst a. 
Stb.: they break a shaft far away 
from the inhabitants, forgotten 
by the foot (i. e, visited by no one), 
they hang, they swing far from 
man Jb.28,4 (the Bng. Bible takes 
7nJ in the sense of 'flood' and 
renders the verse: the flood 
breaketh out from the inhabitant; 
even the waters forgotten of the 
foot: they are dried up, they are 
gone away from men); 0)12.151* ^vT 
QiS'^iD? ''S3 "rtt'DI npsp ace. Ges. 
hanging as a useless weight are 
the legs of a lame man; so is a 
parable in the mouth of fools Pr. 
26,7 (others make this verse refer 
to the preceding one and render 
it: they are weaker in the legs 
than the lame and are a by-word in 

the mouth of fools). — 5) to be 
drained, to be emptied (comp. H^^) 
liVD \"1N) la'nni ^hhl emptied and 
dried up shall become the rivers 
of Egypt Is.19,6.— 4) to be brought 
low, to fail, to be weak, to be 
poor or wretched IND Tyh'^l 1 am 
brought very low Ps.147,7. 

Niph. hi: (fut. hri) to be re- 
duced, to be impoverished hi*) 
IXP vNnt?; and Israel was greatly 
impoverished Jud. 6,6; niJ? 7T 
^pV.l the glory of Jacob shall be 
reduced (Bng. Bible: made thin) 
\ii^^ W- "• ^ city in Judah. 

f]^"! (M ^''T.) to trickle, to drop 
rillD ^7"]^. the house droppeth 
through Ec. 10,18; of the eyes: to 
shed tears irw HsS'T, mSK-'^S' unto 
God my eye sheddeth tears Jb. 

tl^'ll m. dripping, dropping Tip t]b.T 
a continual dropping Pr.19,13. 

IIS'p'^ W- "■ one of tlj - sons of 

p^-^ {fui. pST ; pi. p^T ; mf. f^iy 

1) to burn, to set on Are IpSni 
Dl''?f?.l DD? and they shall set 
them on fire and devour them Ob. 
18; fig. D''pV'n D':riS?> burning (i. e. 
passionate) lips p'r.26,23.— 2) to 
pursue hotly IJpSl. Qinnn Sr upon 
the mountains they hotly pursued 
us Lam.4,19; nn^' RplzT thou hast 
hotly pursued after me Gen.31,36. 
Hiph p^Sp [fut p'^'jT) to kindle, 



to inflame t!*sn p'^.nn kindling the 
Are Ez.24,10i Di?;'5il ]11 till wine 
inflame them Is.5,11. 

p^"! Ch. (pt. p'2'1) to burn. 
nih/[ f. hot fever. 

inli ; pi nin^i , c. ninST ; <£«. 
D.'p^T , c. ''oSt ', s/: '<n'jii f. 1) 

door, "gate iTj'"?-'??? 3dJ? nS^ri as 
a door turneth upon its hinges 
Pr.26,U; jQf" "'X^ J^^n^3 doors of 
oleaster-wood llCe.Sl; "n"'i^';i 3''2fri 
he set up its gates 16,34; fig. 
D''Dl'n ninSn the gates of the 
peoples (i, e Jerusalem, which 
was a great center of intercourse) 
Ez.26,2; "i:!?? ^rh^ the doors of 
my [mother's] womb Jb.3,10; of 
the jaws of the crocodile : ''Th'l 
VJS the doors of his face Jb.41, 
6. — 2) page, column (of a book! 
nin^T tJ>rj' nini Klips when Ye- 
hudi had read three pages Jer. 

ai (c. DT ; sf. ^pi , IDT , DJOn ; pi. 
□■"OT , c. iDI) w. i; blood DT tlgtJ* 
DlS'n whoso sheddeth man's blood 
Gen.9,6; iS^Nn nS iOT its blood 
ye shall not eat 9,4; poet. D"'5JS? DT 
the blood of grapes (1. e, red wine) 
Gen.49,11.— 2) blood-guiltiness 
(responsibility for shedding of 

blood) Sinn u>^s^ iti'n''. 05 as 

blood-guiltiness it shall be im- 
puted unto that man Lev. 17,4; 
^!2>N13 IDT his blood shall be upon 
his head (i. e. he shall be re- 

sponsible for his blood) Jos.2,19; 
13 VDT his blood shall be upon 
him Lev,20,9; D'95 2*^1* a man of 
bloody deeds Ps.5,7; 1*7 D'^DI blood- 
guiltiness shall be imputed to him 
Ex.22,2.— ?ian? Ez.19,10 =T101D']3 
in thy likeness, i. e. like thee 
(others: in thy juice, freshness 
or youth). 

no'^ 1. (/ ut. n'g-]\ ; pt. nnn j «*np. nnnj 

Stb, prop, to make even, smooth, 
hence: to be like vSk HOT n"? 

T" T T 

llgVj .^yag „QJ; li]jg ^jjjjQ JJ jjj jjg 

beauty Ez.31,8; lOn'? n;i)?T is like 
a palm-tree Cant.7,8;' ^VJ T]"? HDI 
be thou like a roebuck 8,14. 

Niph. nD"lJ to be like, to deem 
oneself like iniJ niDHai they are 
like the beasts Ps.49,i3 DJiJl T'B? 
r)''D"1J thou didst deem thyself 
like a lion's whelp Ex.32,2. 

Pi. nST (fitf. n^n;) j; to liken, 
to compare ?K ]1"'9'nri ^D 7K to 
whom will ye liken God ? ls.40, 
18.— 2) to speak in similitudes 
n^ltj n'^N-'Op T? through the 
prophets have I spoken in simili- 
tudes Hos. 12,11. — 5) to imagine, 
to think, to reflect, to intend " ,N 
Ji.'rsn'? "^^^1^ ''Sin imagine not 
in thy soul to be able to escape 
Est.4,13; TJipn n''ri'?N irai. we have 
reflected on thy kindness, God 
Ps.48,10 JnnS lai iJ1t< me they 
Intended to slay Jud.20,5. 

mthp. for n^rr<r\(fut.nm'') 

to be or make oneself like nsil;! 
jiiS^S I will be like to the Mosi-. 
High Is. 14,14. 

T T 



riDT II. (=CDn; fut. npT) 1) to 
cease, to rest "Dnn ^'71 HIJIJ i^y 
my eye trickleth down acd ceaseth 
not Lam. 3, 49. — 2) to destroy 
r\12^ "'^■'01] I will destroy thy 
mother Hos. 4, 5. 

Niph HDIj to be destroyed, to 
be lost "'ri''Pi: •'? •''? ■'IN woe is 
me! for I am lost Is. 6,5. 

nOT Ch. to be like, to resemble; 
pt m. np5, f. nw Dan.3,25;7,5. 

ilDI f- a place of stillness "lip ip 
D;;i rjini niai? who, like Tyre, is 
like a place of stillness in the 
midst of the sea Ez.27,32. 

iT'!y^ f- likeness, resemblance, form 
iD.^V? iniD-ia in his likeness, after 
his image Gen.5,8; IDnrn niD1-nD 
i*^ what likeness will ye compare 
unto him ? Is.40,18; K.p3 niDT the 
likeness (form) of a throne Ez. 
1,26; man? like Ps.58,5. 

••pT, ''91 (from npn II. or DDn) TO. 
prop, cutting off, ceasing, stand- 
ing still, hence: 1) rest IJljiri "^X 
■17 ""DT give him no rest Is 62,7. — 
2) lr£iiiquillity,prcsperily %"' "L'~\2 
in the tranquillity cf n;y clajs Is. 
38,10 (ace. some: in the cutting 
off of my days; others: in the 
midst of my days). 

]1''P'n m. likeness, resemblance iji''12'l'l he is like a lion Ps.17,12. 

a?'^ (3 pi. IST , ^ 105 ; fut. D'l: , pi. 
\'Cr\\ ; inf. a. imp. D1 , Dil) i) to 
stand still, to be still, to be silent 

t?D|>n n""i;i and the sun stood still 
still (wait) until we come to you 
IS.14,9; yay, Y-\^h 1JB*i_ they sit 
upon the ground, they are silent 
Lam.2,10; DT p.jNn sigh in silence 
Ez.2l,17— 2) to wait or watcn 
in silence, to trust calmly 1D1J 
\7lVy. ID7 they watched in silence 
for my counsel Jb.29,21; ""^h nil 
trust calmly to the Lord Ps.sV,?.- - 
5) to rest, to cease n'?1 inn"] ''^J? 
IbT my bowels are agitated 'and 

rest not Jb.30,27 tij^y-ns nnri"':!< 

let not the pupil of thy eye cease 
[weeping] Lam.2,18. 

Niph. onj (fut. n^:, pi. lan^, 

^ ISJ^J to be cut down, to be 
destroyed (=nDT II.) niXJ laiJl 
Di7^n and the peaceable habita- 
tions (or pastures) are cut down 
Jer.25,37; ySs-V n^*n3 D^V!?1 the 
wicked shall be destroyed (shall 
perish) in darkness IS. 2,9, 
Po. nan to put to silence, to 

quiet ^t!>?)j ''riaaini •'ry^p i have 

calmed and quieted my soul Ps. 

Hiph. to put to silence ^^. 

IJanq U'^ri'PK the Lord our God 

haih put us to silence Jer.8,14. 
iirjO"^ f. stillness, silence, whisper, 
pi aec. Puerst: to heap up dung 

(by analogy with the Arabic Sm). 

whence: j^T a. HJanO . 

|0'^ m. dung, .dung.-lieap. 
rUp"! pr. n. a city in Zebuluu 




yD"! (M. VT^T. , A I'D!;? i inf. SJbT.) 
to shed tears, to weep. 

J?Cl »«■ prop, tear, hence: juice, 
liquor Tjy.rfn.l.TinsSp thy full (ripe) 
fruits and thy liquors Ex.22,28. 

nran (,c. nyo-l -, pi. ni:;;^^) /■. tear, 

ptI'B'l P'^- w. Damascus, a city in 
Syria; also p^aW 2K.16,10 and i 
p|>j9'T3 lChr.18,5. 

ptl'D'^ "»• damask, a silk stuff. 

V^ pr. n. 1) a son of Jacob and the 
tribe and territory named after 
him; gent. ''JT . — S) a city in the 
north of Palestine, formerly DtyS 
or V^h .— 3) ] y^l 15 a place in 
the north of Palestine. — 4) =|'51 

n , rijT Ch. pron. com. this njn? as 
this, like this Jer.10,11; nil? H^D 
a thing like this, such a thing 
Dan.2,lJ; n:T '75? therefore 3,16; 
nJT nnK aftor this 2,29; nJT h^^ 
all this 5,22. 

3JT aec. Puerst: to be pliant, i. e. 
soft, whence Jjil. 

n31 i""- >*• a city in Judah. 

n.Dn31 i"*- w. a city in Bdom. 

T T ; • 

b^'J^ !»■■ '»• -^>' 3, famous Hebrew 
prophet and sage at the Baby- 
lonian court Dan.1,6 =7X^5 .Bz. 
14,14.— 2) a son of David iChr. 

y^I (pi. D''S7^) m^_ knowledge, wis- 
dom ''Jl* IS ■'V?. njOS I also will 

show forth my knowledge Jb.32, 

10; D"'rT D^i?n niN'7S9 the won- 
drous works of him who is per- 
fect in knowledge 37,16. 

nV^_ {pi- ni:?l) f. knowledge ^p-n|J 
n^T. niji'' whom shall he tcacb 
knowledge? Is.28,9; ni^^T S.s; a God 
of knowledge IS. 2,3; as verb. n. 
^ITl^f ni'T the knowledge (prop, 
the knowing) of God Is. 11,9. 

^S*J?'^ pr. n. m. Num.1, 14 ='7t<^S-l 

'nri (fut. TlUT.) to be extinguished, 
fig. to be destroyed ^V'\.\ O'^Vfl IJ 
the lamp of the wicked will be 
extinguished Pr.13,9. 

Niph. '^V.l.i to become extinct, 
to dry up (of water) ^ isria 
DDipSD when it is hot they be- 
come extinct out of their place 

Pu. 1\V1 to become extinct, to 
be extinguished CVip t^S? 13VT 
they are extinguished as the flro 
of thorns Ps.l 18,12. 

r\V1 f- knowledge n??3 ?Jli> he that 
hath know) edge Pr 17,27; TOT '''ras 
without knowledge Jb.35,16; as 
verb. n. DTl^N D^T the knowledge 
(prop, knowing) of God Hos.4,1; 
ri5?l ''753 without knowing, un- 
wittingly Deut.19,4; with sf. Di'D' 
□50^ '•nvi from the day of my 
knowing (i. e. that I have known) 
you Deut.9,24. 

nST to push, to strike against 




■"SI , ^ ^?T «*• prop, striking against, 

• t: ' 

hence: insult, scorn ']!i\t^ ^'Dti |53 
''SI against thy own mother's son 
thou utterest insult Ps. 50,20. 
pST (.pt- pSi'l) 1) to strike, to beat, 
to knock ''nn h^.p it is the 
voice of my beloved who knock- 
eth Cant.5,2. — 2) to press upon, 
to drive hard IDO; inK ni'' Dipfill 
]N5fn"7| and if men should drive 
them hard one day, all the flock 
will die Gen.33,13. 

mthp. pSliin to beat, to knock, 
to press hard b^S^np ...T'^n ityjK 
l^b%\^'^V. the men' of the city'... 
knocked at (or: pressed against) 
the door Jud.19,22. 

riDS^ i""- **• ^ station of the Is- 

It : T 

raelites in the desert. 
p"n (from PP5; f. r^\^1,pl. nip^) adj. 
1) pounded fine, fine, small JTJtDp 
nj^lD'^SDincense of spices pounded 
fine Lev.16,12; pT p^K fine (or 
small) dust Is.29,5.— 2) thin 1^^ 
pn... a thin... hair Lev.13,30.— 3) 
lean, slender 1B*2 nipT lean in 
flesh Gen.41,3; nipT n''b|l?' slender 
ears (of corn) v. 6. — 4) soft (of 
a voice) njJT. HODT 7ip the sound 
of a soft whisper 'lK.19,12. 

p'^ m. fine dust. 

p"! m. fine texture, thin cloth riDjn 
DJDtt* p'lD who stretcheth out the 
heavens as a thin cloth (English 
Bible: as a curtain; the traditional 
Jewish rendering of pi is 'pellicle', 
prob. because in Talmudic lan- 

guage this word denotes a cata- 
ract of the eye). 

^^7D'^ P'''- n. of an Arabian tribe 

tI: ■ 

and a district of Arabia, 
pj^"! {prd. pi; /Mt. pT) tr. to 
crush, to beat to small pieces; 
irdr. to be cri'shed, to be reduced 
to powder p'lni D'^in ti*nn thou 
Shalt thresh mountains and beat 
them small Is.41,15; ^tT. n'^ he 
will not crush it Is.28,2's; ' nipin:! 
D131 n'^Sy and thou shalt beat 
In pieces many peoples Mic.4,13; 
pi-1|>K-1i; ]D£Dtl and he ground 
it until it was reduced to powder 
Ex.32,20; inf. as adv. Hjlga npntt*! 
pyn and thou shalt pound some 
of it fine (or dustlike) Ex.30,36. 

Hiph. pX}, {fut p1^, p V; inf. 
pig) to crush, to grind ISW'? p^n 
he ground it to dust 2K. 23,15; 
(D|ny.=) Dp.!l^ niYin lO^DI I crush 
them as the mire of the streets 

Hoph. pnin (fut. pill) to be 
crushed, to be ground. 

ppT Ch. (pret. pi. ^pi Dan.2,35 for 
1p1) to be crushed, to be beaten 
to small pieces. 

Apii. p-^n (3 f ni?in , 3 pi. ipirt ; 
fut. pT , 2 pin ; iJi.'pini?, /■. np^ia) 

to beat small, to grind. 
1p"1 (M- l"pT.) to pierce, to stab. 

Niph. lp_lJ {fut. IpT) to be 
pierced, to be stabbed. 

Fu. IpJ (pt. 1p;i??) to be stab- 
bed, to perish. 



T^ (from TlT) w. pearl, mother- 
Tl Ch. (=Heb. li'n). m. generation, 


i'^ see I^T. 

i<T7 in Ar. to reject (Fuerst). 

p'N"]^ (from «m ; c. ]iN"]'1) prop. 

rejection, hence: aversion, object 

of aversion. 
^*n (akin to '\'2^) to pluck, to 

tear, to pierce, to prick. 
py], 1515 ipl- nii^n^) m. prick, 

J^*7 (akin to tjl^) to advance, 

whence HJ'I.ID , which see. 
y^Tn i"*- '*• ^ ^ise man at the 

time of Solomon IK.5,11 =V'l'l 

*TTT1 ffrom mn 5) m. thorn, thistle. 

all":! (from Dm.) i;south.— ^jsouth- 

wind Jb.37,17. 
TJIT (from "im .2) jti 1) freedom, 

release h^\ H-?? '^''"'I °C^5f?'' 
n^5t^^ and ys shall proclaim free- 
dom throughout the land unto all 
the inhabitants thereof Lev.25,10; 
-lilin nJ'i? TJ to the year of re- 
lease Ez.46,17.— 2) swallow liT^I 
f\Syh as the swallow to fly Pr. 
26,2.— 3) spontaneous fluxlilTI? 
myrrh of spontaneous flowing, i. e. 
pure myrrh Ex.30,23. 
tji'^t'T^ «r. n. of three Perso-Median 

VIT : T 

kings: a) Darius of Media or Cy- 
axeres II., son of Astyages Dan. 
6,1; 9,1. b) Darius I. of Persia, son 

of Hystaspes Heig.1,1; Zch.1,1; Bzr. 
4,4. c) Darius II. Nothus of Persia 
Neh. 12,22. 

tJ'ln.'^ see ^yi Pi. 

"T^y] ifut. tfiT. ; pt. i\ii r pt. p. tjnn , 

f. HDITl) to tread, to step, to 
walk; with accus. to tread firmly, 
to tread down, tn trample on t]TJ 
ip.,"'.. '^i to tread a wine-press Jb. 
24Jl; Neh.13,15; ''J|K? nD^ti) and 
I will tread them down in my 
anger Is.63,3; with 3 : to go into, 
to come into 1j'?.Uji ^IT i? if he 
should come into our borders 
Mic.5,5; with |I3 : to step forth 
ip5?!D 3i3 ^15 there sieppeth 
forth a star out of Jacob Num. 
24,17; of a bow: to bend in^'ilTjin 
he bent his bow Lam.2,4 (some- 
times with fn for nfg. Ps.58,8i 

64,4); intJ»p_ rji^n tj'iT. H'^T."''? 

ijnD3 h'4.n'':hi<) Ktlb Jer.'51,3 
against him that bendeth let the 
archer bend his bow and against 
him that lifteth himself up in his 
armour face. Kri: '^H'^U ^jTir't? 
ijn.Ds 'jyn^'^si in^Jil let not the 
archer bend his bow and let Mm 
not lift himself up with his ar- 

Hiph. ?i''in.n ifut Tin-]: , i\y:i • 

pt. T]''*1'1P) 1) to cause to tread or 
walk, to lead n'T.a". Tjin^l Dp.n^Il 
and he led them en the right way 
Ps.107,7; TIJlDi<5 '',3''"I.1D lead me 
in thy truth 25,5.— 8) with accus. 
of a path: tp tread inian^l^ ikh 
Yr\^"'::iy/hich the ravenous beasts 




have never trodden Jb.28,8j of a 
person: to reach, to overtake nniJD 
ini3''"nn they ovortook them at 
their places of rest Jud. 20, 43 
(Eng. Bible: trode them down with 
ease; ace. Puerst: they made them 
go as far as .nniJD , a plaeeiden- 
tical with nnjD lChr.8,6 a. ilinJO 
2,52; others: they gave them no 
rest).— 3) to tread HDnnn n;? |1J3 
like a threshing-floor at the time 
of treading (threshing) it Jer.51, 
33.— 4) to bend (12i1T1_=) ^lOn.Tl 
•l[ Qritri2 D3it2>'?-n.S' and they bend 
their tongues, their bow of lies 

^ ^;P,5 {sf. •'51!! , 1311 ; pi. 
D^?'11 , c. '51'!!) com. 1) way, path, 
road T|i2^n 1\'y^ the king's road 
(i. e. the king's highway) Num. 
20,17; as prep. HJiSV TlIT towards 

the south Ez.8,5; nb.^n in rii'n 

towards the mountain of the 
Amorites Deut. 1,19. — 2) way, 
journey Q''0; Pi^h^ ■T\'Vi three 
days' journey Gen.30,86; nitr??'] 
iSTn to pursue his journey Jud. 
17,8. — 3) fig. a) way, manner, 
custom, course, conduct "bS ^n? 
fl^p after the manner of all the 
to go the way of all the earth 
(i. e. to dje) IK.2,2; CB*: Tl'H'n the 
manner of women (i. e. the men- 
ses) Gen.31,35; HD'^SJS 15J rj'^l'n the 
manner (i. e, intercourse) of a 
young man with a young Woman 
Pr.30,19; S^IK tl^H the conduct of 


a fool 12,15; ViK T'l.T 131T[| 
he walked in the ways (i. e. he 
followed the mode of life) of Da- 
vid his father 2Chr. 17, 3; DSIT 
•inDJ Dt^NIS I will bring their 
course upon their own head Ez. 
9,10; nsin nsj? iSiX^Vand they 
shall eat of the fruit of their own 
conduct Pr.l,Bl. h) action, work 
'?.!;! \3'1T the works of God Jb.40, 
19; 1311 n'^W^ ''J:j^ ;•; the Lord 
created me at the beginning of 
his creation-work Pr.8,22. c) wor- 
ship V3B>""1N| nil the [idolatrous] 
worship of Beer-Sheba Aiii.8,13. 
d) lot, fate TlSIl ;: '^JJ '?iJl commit 
thy lot unto the Lord Ps.37,5,— 
dii. D;3'11 Pr.28,6 ace. Fuerst a. 
Stb.: double way, duplicity, dou ble- 
dealing (P'^V.'O. iari3 ?l^.in trViitD 
T'tyy sm. n\yr\_ better is the^poor 
that walketh in his righteousness 
than he that is perverse in his 
duplicity, though he be rich). 

p'aSI'n (only pi. D^Jiasi.l) m. 

=]i31is; , which see. 

DT7 in Ar. to shine, to lighten, 
whence Dill, 


p'^'Om see pB'ST . 

y-jT Ch. {pi. pa';-], sf. vni^l-]) f. 

]jy\ pr. n. =V1']1 . 

]1pT^ P>'- w. m. 

TlT 1) to shine, to glitter, whence 
13 pearl.— S) to flit, to fly, to 
move about freely, whence lilT 
1 a. 8; to flow freely, whence 




liTn 3. — 3) aoc. Ges. to luxuri- 
ate, whence ini. 

- T ■ ^ 

jy to inquire into, to examine, to 
investigate riliSCI ^^^T-l a^nd thou 
Shalt inquire and make search 
Deut.13,15.— 2) to search, to seek, 
to inquire after, to look for (with 
yrep. "inS , ? or / N , also with 

accus.) E>nn^ P^T''? "^^^ ^^^^^ 
every green thing doth he search 
Jb.39,8; E>Tiri "'nsanS'l and 
searchest after my sin 10,6; \f1'7N*2 
a'"n VaS after the God of his 

T T • T 

father did he seek 2Chr. 17, 4; 
WTliT iJ??>bye shall look for his 
habi'tatio'n Deut.l2,5;1tyTi:niiil V^K 
after it shall nations inquire Is. 

11,10; BHT B'lT ns^nn i''Vtt> nsi 

ntyji and the goat of the sin- 
oftering Moses sought diligently 
Lev.10,16; NTCO hz IJ^^n.-tyTjn 
thou wilt seek out his wicked- 
ness until thou find none Ps.lO, 
15; ft. with sf. ;'.Tl''tt'"]T '^o^e tli^t 
seek thee, Lord Ps".9,ll.— 3) to 
inquire, to ask l^.'l'n^ ti^T]^ to 
inquire of the Lord Gen.25,22; 
T]l3ya "1^5 tS^TlSto inquire a word 
of thee lK.U,5i sometimes with 3: 
11J B^nTN'fl and he hath not in- 
quired of the Lord IChr. 10,4; 
n3TIB*niN*1 that I may inquire of 
her IS.28,7.— 4) to require, to 
demand nTP'"'iXX-n^: ''W1'\] and 

I I will require my flock from 
their hand Ez.34,10; B>in V:"'""?^ 

V ^isa and what the Lord doth re- 

quire of thee MIc.6,8; 0^95 ts^nil 
he that demandeth blood (i. e. 
calls to account for shed blood) 
Pr.9,13; ini< 7^'r\^ t!>Tn Ti until 
thy brother demand it Deul.22,2. — 
5^ to care, to be concerned ]\K 
i2>SJ'? ^'yn there is no one that 
careth for (is concerned about) 
my soul Ps. 142,5. — 6) to seek, 
to desire, to wish for iltO C'lT 
ia5?7 seeking the good of his 
peojple Est.10,3; DiS^S {J>1T 1ii>; 
mn Wiy> he seeketh not the wel- 

V- TT 

fare of this people Jer.38,4; K'T 

onabi ndbti* tymn thou shait net 

seek (desirel their peace and theii 
welfare Deut.23,7; \ny'; •'5?"1T they 
that seek (wish for) my hurt Ps. 
38,13; D,T.VSn-'73'? D^ti>ni sought - 
(wished) for by all them that 
have pleasure therein 111,2, 

Niph. '^inj (fut. tin.'i:, 1 tri^N ; 
inf. \S-ri^ Ez.14,3 for tyVTA 1) to 
be searched, to be examined 
nni N5f22»1 Itthn:! they were exam- 
ined and there were found among 
them lChr.26,31.— 2) to allow 
oneself to be sought or inquired 
\hm nS"? ■'riB^mJ I allowed iny- 
self to be sought by those that 
asked not Is.65,1; ti'l'lN' ChnNH 
DH^ shall I at all let myself be 
inquired of by them? Bz.14,3.— 
3) to be required tfl) njn iDT 
behold, his blood is now required 

Pi. only in the farm tsini Ezr. 
10,16 ace. Stb. for B^IT (Ges.' E'nn) • 
to examine, to investigate. 


T T 

XB''^ to become green, to be covered 
with verdure la"]!? niN^ 1K?*5 the 
pastures of the wilderness have 
become green Jo. 2,22. 

Hiph. K''ann {fut N'tt^T) to cause 
to sprout, to bring forth N'tJ'iri 
t^fl n?? '^^^ t'^s ^'irth bring 
forth vendure (or grass) Gen, 1,11. 

XSJ^'n m. green herbage, fresh grass. 
W1 to become fat. 

Pi. ]m {fut. ]m) a. n0y_) ij 

to make fat, to regard as fat 

nxi»-]f'nn naiD n-j^op a good 

report maketh the bone fat Pr. 
15,30; "'a'N'l ]9f 5 ^?W1 thou makest 
my head fat (i. e. anointest my 
head) with oil Ps.23,5; of sacrifices: 
to regard as fat, i. e. to accept 
in favor H.^a*!: Tjn^iV may he 
accept in favor thy burnt sacrifice 
Ps.20,4 (others regard the verb 
here as a den. from Jtyi and 
render this sentence: may he con- 
vert thy sacrifice into ashes as 
a sign of favor). — SJ den. from 
ItJJT : to cleanse from ashes, to 
remove the ashes QajanTlN UB*!! 
and they shall cleanse the altar 
from the ashes Num.4,13. 

Pu. \tl {fut. ]fy.) to be made 
fat, to be well fed iijnp Dnsyi 
]f'V and their dust be made fat 
with fatness Is.34-,7; C^'iin B'S;! 
\^'\Pi but the soul of the diligent 
will be well fed (i. e. gratified) 



Sothp, ]^'V1 to become fat, to 
be sated 3^00 ni^'TTl ..O'nn the 
sword is sated with fat Is. 34,6. 

]5J'1 ipl- C^!?!, c. ^?P'V adj fat; 
of persons: strong, mighty. 

]^1 , -^ I^*"J («/". 'j/f 1) m. 1) fatness, 
sap, oil. — 2) ashes {specifically 
the fat ashes of sacrificial ani- 
mals; different from '^£^< ashes of 

n'^ {pl.n^ri'J , c. ''D^) f. statute, law, 
order, custom pll m ''I?"i^ who 
knew statute and law Est. 1,13; 
D^'n nna according to the law of 
this day 9,1 3; '7\ht^ri W the orders 
of the king Ezr.8,36; iTig n^nVfr} 
the drinking was according to the 
custom (or order) Est. 1,8. 

n'^ Ch. {def Nnn : sf |i3riT ; pi. >rn) 
f. law, sentence t]n^!< "'HI the 
laws of thy God Ezr.7,25; "nin 
]i3ri1 ^^'7 there is but one sen- 
tence for you Dan. 2,9. 

Xn"! Ch. {def vSK^n) m. fresh grass, 
verdure (=Heb. Ntrh). 

I^m Ch. m. one skilled in law, 
jurist, judge. 

])ri1 pr- n. (occurs only with n loc. 
nJ^ni) a place in Samaria Qea. 
37,17 =|m 2K.6,13. 

irr^ pr. n. m. 

]n''l see \)p^. 



n the fifth letter of the alphabet, 
called He KH ; as a numeral n 
:=5, n^5,000.— n at the end of 
■words mostly occurs as a mute 
orthographic sign indicating that 
they terminate In vowels, as: nSj 
gala, n'^h'O malka, nriK atta, rT'N 
ayyi, riT zi, 113 feo, etc.; in but few 
cases it stands at the end of 
words as a consonant, retaining 
its aspirated sound which, in 
punctuated texts, is indicated by 
a point in it (n) called p''B'Q , as: 
n5.3 gahah\ HDri tamah'. The read- 
ing af a final n is determined by 
this rule: it is mute when it 
forms an addition to the root or 
a changeable part of a root, 
as: nnjK abeda (root 15^?), ns^n 
halcha (root '^'7^) , il^V asa (_pl. 
1B>r), nbi gala (pi. ^hi), etc.; it is 
aspirated when it is added to a 
noun or verb as a pronominal 
suffix, or forms an unchangable 
part of a root, as: nri''3 heithah' 
(her house), mDt!> shemarah' (he 
kept herl, ni| gabah' {pi. IH?^), 
nion tamnh' {pi. ^HDri', etc. 

pl~ a particle suffixed to nouns to 


denote direction towards a place, 
as: nyiK to the land, to the earth, 
from fit* ; HIOlp.. to the east, from 
nnp.. ; n^3| to Babylon, from 
SJ3,'etc.;'=n: in n^T.1. Ez.25,13 
a. naj IS.21,2. 

"H (before a Sheva and before 
gutturals n i before gutturals with 
Kametz rj) interrogative prefix: 
is it? whether I*? DiSB'n is he well? 
Gen.29,6: l^rns QWlp do ye 

know Laban? v.'b; ■'^■ni;5ri nnxn 

nJ3 wilt thou indeed build me a 
house?2S.7,5;nK D3^ TJ/H whether 
ye have yet another brother Gen. 
43,6; ngin Kin pmn whether they 
be strong or weak Num.13,18. — 
•'DQ , n"?;! see ''3 , nS . 

"H (before gutturals, particularly 
before S , n , J^ , "I — H ; before 
n , also before H , i; without ac- 
cent — H) Jj def. art. the (inde- 
clinable) nysn the lad, nnyin the 
lass, Q''jan the sons, D^DfD the 
heavens; "l^l?^?^ the top, inn the 
mountain, 3Vn the cloud, V^'Jt^ 
the wicked; 03?" ^^^ viise man, 
DnnD the mountains, D''3an the 
clouds, "IS^D the dust.— After 
the prepositions 3,3,'? this n 
falls away and transfers its points 
to the preposition: D^DI*! , Di'3 , 

Dvh for CDB^ns, m>n3, avnh 

which occur only rarely. — 8) dem. 
pron. this Di*n this day, to-day 
Gen.24,12, DrBn this time 29,34.— 
3) rel. pron. who, which, that, 
used instead of "^W. before parti- 
ciples: ^^inn !l'''!s'n the man that 
walketh Gen.24,65; O^^^nU DS?n 
?lt?n3 the people that walk in 

xn lie 


darkness Is.9,1; rarely in the in- 
dicative mood: VTJV] Tj^ign MZ^'TTIU 
wiiich the king and his counsel- 
lors have offered Ezr.8,25. 
Xn Ch. interj. behold! Dan.3,25. 


xn inferj. lo! behold there! DjS XH 
O lo, here is seed for you Gen. 
47,'23; "'nnJ trX"13 ?131.1 KH ipM DJ1 
behold, therefore I also will bring 
thy course upon thy head Ez.l6,i3. 

xn Ch. same as Hub. ^3 N'H Dan. 

2,43 lo as, whereaF. 
nXn interj. exclamation tf joy or 

niuckery: aha! Is.44,16. 

.in jn tfrom 3::; ; only pi. sf. ^2n:in 

.11 -s8,13jm. gift, offjring, sacrifice, 
lin Hos.4,18 see under 3n^. 

b^'\ \fut ^ii^.J) prop, to breathe 
(:— Talm. bjn to evaporate), hence: 
to be empty, to be vain, to be 
foolish l'7|n»1_'73ar! nns 13S;i and 
they walkeQ after vanity and 
became vain (or foolish) Jer.2,5; 
iSaijIp-'^N h}^^ be not [rendered! 
vain through robbery Ps.62, 11; 
with accus. /JH: to act foolishly 
"hzr^B h^r} npnaS why do ye act 
foolishly Jb.27, 12 (Stb. : speak 

Hiph. pt. h^Sr^^ to befool, to 
lead astray DSnN nan D'^Si^nD 
they lead you astray Jer.23,16. 

tiin , ^ h^n (from Sin ; c. bin. ; sf. 

'Hi^n ; pi. n-'S^n , c. iSan) m. i) 

breath fj^J S^H a fleeting breath 

Pr.21,6; h^n lipi nn m^ ah^-rni 

all of them will the wind carry _ 


away, a breath will take them 
off Is.57,13. — 2) emptiness, vanity, 
nothingness niT niJ^l.T v^D vanity 
and desire of wind Ec 2,26; '?an 
D i^Q vanity of vanities 1,2; in 
reference to idols : liJ ^^.55 the 
vanities of the stranger Jer.8,19; 
nr^ \'??n false vanities Jon.2,9. 

bin pf. n, Ahel, son of Adam. 

]dn (only pi. D''::?n Bz. 27,15) m- 

n^n to divide off; only once pt. 
n->2p2 D''fnn D^DB* n..3h those 
that divide off the heavens, that 
observe the stars Is. 47, 13. 

Xjn pr' n. Persian eunuch Est,2,3 

=''^n v. 8. 
Jjn same as HJn 1., which see. 

nan I. (M. n^n.: ; inf. run) i) to 

utter sounds, to murmur, to moan, 
to growl DJl"IJ3 1 Jini nS they do 
not utter any sounds with their 
throat Ps.115,7; Hji'S mn^i I did 
moan (coo) like a dove Is. 38,14; 

nn.«n nj;^; i^tja as the lion 

growleth 31,4; of man: io utter, 
to speak np?n nir\\ pi'iv ^S tl\ie 
mouthiaf the righteous uttereth 
wisdom-Ps.-37,30; TJi^.lV H^nn ijiB*S 
my tongue shall speak thy righ- 
teousness 35,28.— 2) to think, to 
reflect, to meditate H.Sn'; p'^'IV ijj 
niJl?2 the heart of the righteous 
reflecteth to answer Pr.15,28; T]3S 
"?''>< n;.D.: thy heart shall medi- 
tate on terror Is.33,18; p''^ IJin.'i 
_^,,they meditate a vain thing Ps. 

T T 



2,1; with 3 : to reflect on ''n^JH 
^b^.^~^^? 1 will reflect on all 
thy work 77,13. 

Po. njh (inf. Uh) to utter, to 
speak (ace, Puerst: to excogitate) 
Ij?.^ n.^l :ihjD ijn uttering from 
the heart words of falsehood Is. 

Hiph. to murmur, to mutter; 

on]ypt pi. n''iinani n^EVS^an that 

whisper and that mutter Is. 8, 19. 
TMTl 11. to separate, to remove, to 

T T 

take away ^5.59 ^''PQ ^■^p to sepa- 
rate (or remove) the dross from 
the silver Pr.25,4; r]f\TI inn? njH 
D''"1|"3. Di''3 he removed [theml with 
a violent storm on the day of 
the east wind [s 27,8; Vs"? V»1 i^H 

. T T T 

Tp'O to take away the wicked 
from before the king Pr.25,5. 

Hoph. to he removed "|D HJri 
n^DDH he was removed out of 
the highway 28.20,13 (ace. Stb. 
nin for njnn , which is difficult 
to he pronounced), 
nin m. 1) sound, roar ^'V^T'£lD nJ.n 
a roar that goeth out of his jnouth 

jb 87,2.— 2) sighing \n;nAii;D''3;i:2 

lamentations, and sighing, and wo 
Ez.2,10.— 3) thought ir Jf ir^3 
njn iD3 we have spent our years 
as a thought Ps.90,9 (others: as 
a word, a breath, a sound). 
nijn /"■ meditation. 


T2tT\ in. meditation, musing; only 

■ T 

With «/■. ■''J''Jin nj''3,cpnsider my 
meditation Ps!5,2i tyN"iy^O ''.JiJqa 
in my musing there burneth a 

flre (ace. Ges. : out of my fervor 
there breaketh forth a fire) 39,4. 

"iViin (c- P''.?p)»«. 1) gentle murmur, 
solemn sound "li.323 l^''^i7 the sol- 
emn sound of the harp Ps 92,4 
(prop, meditative playing on the. 
harp; see definition 2). — 2) mu- 
sing, meditation ''SS jVjn the med- 
itation of my heart Ps.19,15.— - 
3) device, plot DJi''Jni lap \n£5?> 
■i.y the lips of those that rise up 
against me , and their device 
against me Lam.3,62. 

pn (=Talm. ]1Jri) adj. straight, 
commodioris; only f. T\'^i'r\. n'l.lJ 
Ez 42,12 straight wall; ace. Rashi; 
inclosure for the Levitic choir - 
(HJ^jn from ]JJ); others', defensive 
wall (from |4). See also ]Jn. 

]jn to suit, to fit; ace, Puerst by 
analogy from Ar. to bend to, to 
direct to, whence : nJ''jn Ez.42.12 
directed (n^JQ nil/n VS3 ^l^n 
the way directed to the face of 
the wall, i. e. the way toward 
the wall). 

'IJil pf- «• Hagar, hand-maid of 

T T 

Sarah and mother of Ishmael 

Gen. 16,1. 
'•'l^n gent. lChr.27,31; pi. nn^T Ps. 

83,7, n"it<'''1Jn lChr.5,10 a. n"'K''"!Jn 

v. 20 name of an Arabian tribe. 
*in "*. shout, call, echo. 
IS'^n Ch. (i)Z. c. "'tlOnn) m. cour- 

tier (others: counselor). 
Tin to shout, to call, whence in 

a. mn . 




^^^ pr. «. l) name of Edomlte kings 

Ge'n.36,35 a. IK.11,11.— 3) name 

of a Syrian god. 
"ITriin pr. n. king of t^3iX DIK 

28.8,3' =njij.lin 10,16. 
^1H"1^^^ pr. «. a place in the plain 

of |ilJD Zch.12,11. 
mn to stretch out [the hand] Is. 

T T 

'"in i""- w. India. 

inn ifrom nnn ; only pi. Qiinn.) 

m. hill, eminence. 

''■^n i)n n. 28.23,30 =iTin lChr.11,32. 

t]*7n (akin to KDT) to tread down; 
imp. Drinri D''j?^T t]in tread down 
the wicked in their place Jb.40,12. 

mn to tread, whence mn . 

ann («■ diqi »»• foot-stooi. 


D'qn Ch. m. a piece inasjnn pDnn 

ye shall be cut in pieces Dan. 
3in (i^i- CplQ) TO. myrtle. 

^B^^ i»'- ■». former name of Esther 

T — ; 

fpn (akin to nSTa.fllJ; fut. fl'lHJ; 

m/; f\in , s/". n^nnj to push, to 

thrust, to repulse. 
ITn [fut. Iiri^:) 1) to elevate, to 

lift up; pt. p. pi. onnn is.45,2 

elevated places, eminences, hills. 
— 2) fig. to adorn, to respect, to 
honor ]f3.t. \j.S H'lini honor the 
face of the old man Lev.19,32; 

Sin: •'js nnnn ^h) and thou shait 

not respect (i. e. give preference 
to) the person of the great v. 15; 
iana inng n"? '^ni neither shalt 
thou respect (countenance) a poor 
man in his cause Ex.23,3; pt. p. 
inn Is. 63,1 majestic, glorious. 

Niph. nnnj to be esteemed, to 
be honored, to be respected \jB 
innOi xS n'^Jf;.? the fuces of eiders 
were not respected Lam,5,12. 

Hithp nnnrin to glorify one- 
self ?i^D. •'jeS' nnnnn '?s do not 

glorify thyself in the presence 
of the king Pr.25,6. 
Trn Ch. Pa. "inn to esteem highly, 
to glorify. 

nn (c. nnn ; sf. nnn ; pi. c. '^'iT^) 

m. pride, glory, ornament, beauty 
n|l''B> CJp.t nnn the glory of old 
men is gray hair Pr.20,29; fS? nc 
"i^il fruit of the elegant tree (ac- 
cording to tradition the JinriS) 
Lev.23,40; nnn?. ;•-. Hp the voice 
of the Lord [resoundeth] with 
glory P8.29,4; tl"np nn.D^ in the 
beauties of holiness 110,3. 

Tin TO. respect, glory n"!!! tfj': 

m37D exactor of respect to the 

royal dignity Dan. 11, 20 (Eng. 

Bible: raiser of taxes in the glorj 

of the kingdom). 

rrnn f. splendor, glory. 

rir\ C=nnt<.) interj. ah! alas! woe! 
In (=''in) interj. alas! woe! 
Kin see nin I, a. II. 




Nin see nin. 

Xin prop. pt. of Kin, being, one 
who is, henoe: 1) pers. pron. he 
(anciently also f. she, espeolally 
In the Pentateuch where Kin al- 
ways stands for H'^ri) i^ "IDK Kin 
he said to me Gen. 20,5; some- 
times used besides the noun for 
emphasis: Nin DJ N''in "rani and 
Abel, he also brought 4,4; |dS 
DiN Djb Xin ''jhN |ri^. therefore 
will the Lord himself give you 
a sign Is.7,14.— S) as copula for 
all three persons sing. Xin ''^X 
"^Sipn I am the one speaking 
(or: it is I who speak) Is. 52,6; 
15 .0 ton nnx thou art my king 
Ps'.44,5; D^h'^^n Kin ;^ the Lord 
is God IK.18,39; nt sri ''13 who is 
this? Est. 7, 5; sometimes with 
nouns pi. N'ln h^T) DiSSJn nipri the 
customs of the people are vain 
Jer.10,3; ID^nj Nin ,..;^. >m the 
flre-offerings of the Lord... are 
their inheritance Jos.1.3,14. — 3) 
dem. pron. that Nin nTj3 on that 
flight Gen. 19,33; in this sense 
generally with the def. art. W'^H^ 
Ninn that man Jb. 1,1. — pi. Dn a. 
nsn , which see. 

Hin Ch. pron. he (tlie same as Heb.). 

^ln , in m. ace. Ges. from Ar. inj 
to protuberate, to be eminent, 
hence:majesty. splendor, elegance, 
beauty riB'2'7 Tini "lin with majes- 
ty and glory art thou clothed 
Ps.104,1; Inin nU3 his beauty is 
like that of the olive-tree Hos. 

14,7; inin did his elegant horse 
Zch.10,3; iSip lin the majesty of 
his voice Is.30,39; ^im lin the 
majesty of his snort Jb.39,20. 

Tin pr. n. m. 

n^nirii""- n. m. Ezr.2,40 a. lChr.5,24; 
in lChr.9,7 for nnin, which see. 

in^nin pr. n. m. lGhr.3,24. 

n'nin p^. n. m. 

nnin pr. n. m. Neh.7,43 =n;nin 

mn 1. 1) ace. Puerst: to blow, to 

TT ■ ' 

breathe, hence: to live, to exist, 
to be. — 2) ace. some: to be thrown 
down, to fall. 

njn n. (from nin i ; =n;n ; pt. njn ; 

imp. m. N.l.ri, f. ^30) to be, to 
become cnx^ njn'nig what is to 
man (i. e. what hath man)? Ec. 

2,22; rfroi nri^ nin nriN thou be- 

comest a king unto them Neh, 
6,6; TJ^D^?''. I''^^ ni,^ be a lord over 
thy brethren Gen.27,29; IDN'' i^,^b 
Y'^^'^lp. he saith to the snow, 
Be thou on earth Jb.37,6 (ace. 
some: fall upon the earth; see 

nin I. 2); Nin^ ec.i],3 for nin^ 

shall be, shall remain. 

nin a. N;n Ch. (i n\in, 2 n^.i.n a. 
n\in; fut. KinS for n i.n.j , f. Ninn •. 
pi- m. |in.^,A ]l]>}'2;'pt. Nin)" to 

be, io become; with a pt. it forms 
a descriptive tense: n'.in n?n ) 
was seeing, i. e. I «aw Dan. 4, 7; 
T]na Nin he was (prop, is) kneel- 
ing, i. e. he kneeled 6,11. 




r\Ti (from nin 1.2; c. nvi , sf. 

''Op ; P^- ^^^'!!) f- -'J eagerness, 
desire, lust WSJ nV] the desire 
the desires of the wicked will he 
cast away Pr.10,3. — 2) mischief, 
destruction nilH 'i2V.l TJ until the 
mischief be passed away Ps 57,2; 
niin "3'n pestilence of destruction 
91,3; nm ]itl''? a tongue that 
bringeth destruction (or: mis- 
chievous tongue) Pr.17,4, 

nin (^nin 2^ f. mishap, misfortune 
n7T73J nvi mishap shall come 
upon mishap Ez.7,26, 

Uiyiilpr. n. liing of Hebron. 


'''in interj. alas ! woe ! 

T|!|n Ch. {fut r\ny, inf. r]nt?; for 

pret. a different verb ,1X. is used) 

to go. 
nit'j'h a. trhhp f. folly, madness 

nsJI ril77in evil-bringlng madness 

Ec. 10,13. 
n'pin Is.41,7 for D.Sin , see th^^ . 

Q!|n (al£in to npn, DDH, DHJ; pret. 
DPI , g/". DDH) to perplex, to con- 
found nSiij noino npni and he 

will confound thorn with a mighty 
confusion Deut.7,23. 

Niph. DinJ (fut. ni,T) to he 
agitated, to be set in conimotion 
nngn Dnni and the city hath 
been set in commotion IK.1,45. 

Hipli. fut. D\T 1) to be noisy 
Q^^'Q i^|'5''Cri they shall be noisy 
by reason of [the multitude ofj 
men Mic.2,12.— 2) to moan "inx 

riDNlNI "'n''!?3 I mourn in my griel 

and moan Ps.55,3. 
DOln pr. n. m. lChr.1,39 =nO\'n 

Gen. 36,22. 
■^yi I. (=piS*) 1) to be empty, to 

vanish.— 2) to gain by labor, to 

get by effertj hence ]in 11. a. ]in . 

]Iin II- Hiph. fut. ]\T to exert one- 
self, to malie efforts n'lhvh ^^''nni 
I'lpv'il ye exerted yourselves to 
go up into the mountain Deut.1,4 
(Bng. Bible: ye were ready). 

P'n (from jn I. 3) 1) m. wealth, 
riches ]1n tih^ Ps 44,13 for noth- 
ing.— 2) adv. enough "x'j B^N 
pn iTIDX the Are which never 
saith, Enough Pr.30,16. 

^"Iln Gen. 49,26 usually : my pro- 
genitors iyt.sf. of rriri), but ace. 
Sept.: mountains O?? ''Tin = 
nw ancient mountains, parallel 
D^iJ? n^V^^. ; corap. Deut.33,15 and 
Hab 3,6). ' 

j;tt^*1n pr. n. m. lGhr.3,18. 

ri^ln pr. n. 1) former name of 

Joshua.— 2) the last king of 
Israel. — 3) the prophet Rosea. 

n^y^ln Vr- n. m. 1) Jer.42,1 — 2) 

nin (ace. some old interpreters akin 

to mn).— Pi. nnin {fut. nnin^) to 

devise mischief liininn njN'HS? 
B'\S-'5y how long will ye devise 
mischief against a man ? Ps.62,4 
(others: storm against, rush upon). 
T'riin Pf- n. m. lGhr.25,4 a. 28. 

ntn (ace. Ges. a. Puerst akin to 

T T 

n]n) to dream; only pt. pi. DMh 
Is.56,10 dreaming. 




•in (:= ^nj) m. lamentation Bz.2,10. 

^Tl Heb. a. Cn. jjers. pron. she fits 
aplications are the same as those 
of Nin , which see); pi. ]n , H^T 

IT^n m. shout of .ioy (pariicularly 
of vintagers) Jer.25,30; 48,33. 

JIITn Neh. 12,8 songs of praise (ace. 
Puerst: choir). 

n^n (same as nvj II.; fvi. il'^p) , ap. 

f- '^Ip. . Vl' I'D. i m/".^fi'n and i^n ; 
in/". 'ni\^! , once n^H Bz. 21, 15, 
with pref. rii''n3) i) to be, to exist 
iriDD n^n K? there hath not been 
the like of it Bx.9,18; ?]l?y H^n^ 
I will be with thee Gen.26,8; 0% 
Y"^^^ ^■■P''' 'here was (existed) not 
yet on t'ne earth 2,5; n^lH ^^'l^ 
T|jpp3 the hand of the Lord is 
upon' thy cattle Bx.9,3; aiJO-xS ' 

'I'^ih Dnsn ni\q it is not good 

that the man should be (exist, 
live) alone Gen. 2,18; with a, pt. 
of other verbs n^in (like Ch. niQ) 
forms a descriptive tense: ''H^J 
"Tiy nJ3 and he built (prop, was 
building) a city Gen.4,17; DX \n.J?J 
7.^Sn01 and I was fasting and 
praying Neh. 1,4; '^i'^hil ^"'J riinpj? 
our feet stood (were standing) Ps. 
122,2.— With prepositions n^n 
has the following peculiarities: 
a) with h it denotes : to have 
(prop, to belong to), to be given 
up to |KS .TH T'ti'y'j the rich man 
had sheep 28.12,2; nrni;! n''-|.TJ.S 

they shall be given up to the 
flocks Is. 17,2; of a woman TH 
2*^X7 to belong to or become the 
wife of a man: B>''t<S. ii.nn ^b) and 
thou shalt not belong to any man 
Hos.3,3; ^^^) ni\':D lijajj; I am 
too old to become the wife of a 
man R.1,12. hj with D : to move 
from, to be separated, to depart 

hr)ii-h^ hr\M^ n^ng; and i have 

been moving from tent to tent 
lChr.17,5; VH :]»!? those that were 
separated from thee Zph.3,18; X7 
D"'a;Siy liy Df D r:y}> there shall 
no more thence depart (i. e. die) 
an infant of a few days Is.65,20. 

c) with DV : to be with, to side 
with ^n'ilK Dl? 1\n Kb they were 
not (i. e. did not side) with Ado- 
niah IK. 1,8; of a woman: to be 
with, to have iniercourse with 

nav ni\nS n'jv« ase^S to lie by 

her, to have intercourse with her 
Gen.39,10; Dl? H^n sometimes de- 
notes: to be or to have in mind 

i\^v nwrnnin ib'n |5r forasmuch 

as this is in thy mind IK. 11,11.' 

d) with ''AW? : to appear, to seem 

to one SJnrnbs Vy^H^ ■'ni''n'l and 
....... T " : • "T : 

I shall seem to him as a deceivei- 
Gen.27,12.— Followed by the inf. 
with 7 , n^n denotes: a) to be about 
NaS tTDB^n ■'H^.l and the sun was 
about going down Gen. 15,12; \Tj 
lljlp'j "iS^B'n when it was about 
[time] to shut the gate Jos.5,2. 
6^ to be bound, must ^^■^^l NJ1 
rpanS and No must be broken 
into Bz 30,16. c) to he inclined 



D''ri'?S m'f) ''n.ij and he was in- 
clined to seek God 2Chr.26,5.— 
3) to arise, to appear, to come 
on "I'N 'HM and there was (i. e. 
appeared) light Gen. 1, 3; ni''n3 
"Ipan when it was morning (when 
the morning came on) Kx.19,16.— 
3) to become n'^l?. 3''VJ innj and 
slie became a pillar of salt Gen. 
19,26; frequently with h: tlSD3 
n''JD7 rpn thy silver is become 
dross Is.1,22; D''a'JK.S m) and be 
(become) men 18.4,9. — 4) to hap- 
pen, to come to pass V rTH riD 
wbat happened to him? Ex.32,1; 
n^'a n'iD nn« \T:! and it came 
to pass after the death of Moses 

Niph. iTHJ 1) to be brought 
about, to be accomplished ''riN'D 
-lann n;nj) by me hath this thing 
been brought about IK.12,24; n;«.ri 
t!*£J7 ^IV.H}. n^i^J a desire accom- 
plished is pleasant to the soul 
Pr.13,19.— 2) to become Uvh n^n; 
thou art become a people Deut.27, 
9.— 3) ace. Stb.: to be troubled, 
disturbed "'n''SD.i1 \-jVnJ I was 
troubled and was sick Dan.8,27; 
V^a nn^nJ inJC'l and his sleep 
was disturued 2,1 (Buxtorf ren- 
ders iT'nj confici 'was grieved'). 

H'n Ktib Jb.6,2 a. 30,31 for nin 

T- ^ 

ruin, calamity. 

Dl'n see Qi''. 

^D\n (c. '73\n J i)?. a^hy<r\ a. niS§in , 

"• V.3''D) »"■ palace, temple. 

?Tn w. prop, brightness, hence: 
morning-star, Lucifer Is.14,12. 

V2T\ i"". «. 1) a wise man of Solo- 
mon's time. — 2) a, chief singer 

ITl m. a measure for liquids (=:6tb 
part of a ri3 or 12 37). 

"nin ace. Stb. =^35 to dig; only 
once in 1"l3nr) Jb.19,3 ye dig un- 
der me, i. e. ye seek my hurt 
(Eng. Bible: ye make yourselves 
strange, from "IDj). 

n'-\2r\ (from 15J ; c. nilO) f. ap- 
pearance DH^Jfl nisn the appear- 
ance of their face Is.3,9 (Eng. 
Bible: the shew of their counte- 

X^n to remove ; only Mph. pt f. 
ns'Snj Mic. 4,7 removed far off 
(Eng. Bible: cast far off). 

nxSl (from vhn) adv. away, far- 
ther, beyond, forward nK^ri'tt'.^ 
stand away (i. e. stand back) 
Gen. 19,9; p^l?lS n^^^^ beyond 
Damascus Am.5,27; Hs'TnT. TjaD 
beyond thee (literally: from thee 
and farther) IS. 20,22 (opposite 
mni T||?p V.21 on this side of 
thee); ri»^^l Df D forward from 
there (literally: from thence and 
farther) 10,3; also of time: for- 
ward, onward ns'rnT. Kinn ni>riD 

from that day and forward IS. 
18,9 a. Lev.22,27; nN':n; Nin-]!? 
since their being and onward (i e. 


from their beginning hitlierto) Is. 

'•:^bn (from SSrj; only pi. DiS4n 

Lev. 19,24 a. Jud.9,24) m. prop, 
praise, rejoicing, hence: harvest- 

□I^n see oSq. 

t?ri pron. m. a. f. this, that; other 
forms: nt,^r! m., It^H f 

Ti^'^'n (from- tlSn) TO. step; only pi. 
' sf. "'D'l'rn Jb.29,6 my steps. 

nyhn (only pi. riiD''':n) /■. walk, 
march DnS^^H? Nah.2,6 in their 
■walk; fig. way, manner, conduct 
nrii3 ni3'''?n- the ways of her 
household Pr.31,27; 1'7 CiSir ni^^Sn 
ihe ways of the world are his 

1\bn ifut. 1\h:, , rarely f^ril ; pt. Tj^H ; 
tmp. T\2 ; mf. Tjl^n ; verb. n. DO" , 
sf. ■'ri?.;) i> to go, to walk (in 
the wi'd'est sense) im.'h-i ?lHn ■<:«, 
ri^in ''jS I go whither I may 2S. 
15,20; ih^S^ ^!2? he went to his 
house IS.10,'26; nC?.*D iT'S '^b' ^5^ 
to go to the house of feasting 
Ec.7,2; with accus.: to go through 
nanan-'^a rs n^21 and we went 
through all the wilderness Deut. 
1,19; poet. nipnV i?.*'^ he that 

' walketh in righteousness Is.33,15; 
iT"! n^^^'"" ''h^' goeth after wind 
Mic.2, 11.— TlSn sometimes ex- 
presses the continuance nf an 

action: lioni. ^^h:^ vn D^an tiie 

waters decreased continually Gen. 
8.5; '7141 rjMn ..."ll'in the lad... 

was continually growing IS.2,26. — 

a) to flow, to melt n^DSri nij^ajn 

3!7n the hills shall flow with milk 
Jo.4,18; D:? nJsSn D':3"13 "^S all 
knees shall meU, into water (i.e. 
become weak) Ez 21,1^.— The imp. 
often has the meaning of an tnterj , 
as: Tjn^a'NI n^S come, I will send 
thee! Gen.37,13; n^hi\ liS come, 
let us go! IS.9,9. 

NijA. T]'2n3 to be gone, to vanish 
''PlS^i^.J. inirijS '7x3 like the shadow 
when it declineth I vanish Ps. 

Pi. -bri [fut. ri^n^) to go or walk 
about ij-W'iiri D"''?i?W foxts walk 
about on it Lam. 5,18; pt. ?]?ni? 
Pr.6,11 a rover, a wanderer. 

Hiph. TjiSln (imp. f. ''?''S''n Ex. 
2,9 for "'?;.Sin; pt. 1\'h'\'0) 1) to 
cause to go, to lead, to carry 
T]'n'13 T]5'''?iD he was leading thee 
on the way Jer.2,17; "DK T'?^'* '^4? 
''flS'in whither should I carry my 
shime 2 28.13,13; tpSi'' D'Cfn t\rj 
'jipHTlX a bird of the sky (iiri 
can carry the sound Ec.10,2.— 
2) to cause to flow ]pp nniiqj 
tjiSiS I will cause their rivers 
. to flow like oil Bz 32,14. 

Hithp. Tl^nnn to go about, to 
walk ]J13 Tl^DO? walking in the 
garden Gen. 3,8; poet. '•Hp^nOI^ 
TjriDKJ I have walked in I'uy 
truth' Ps.26,3. 
rj'pn Ch. Pa. ?l>!n to go along. Aph. 
10r\^ (only pt pi. |''?'rD5) to '.valk 



^'^n ™. i^ wanderer, traveller. — 
2) course, stream \Sy\ ipT\ a 
stream of honey IS. 14,26. 

Tl^n Ch. m. tax, toll. 

7'7r' I. (fut. Sh"! , i??. 'iVn'' ; verb. n. 
■^n , sf. i^n) prop, to be bright, 
bence: 1) to shine i"IJ l^ns when 
bis lamp shone Jb.29,3 — 2) to 
boast, to be proud 'i^hri'TN ye 
sball not boast Ps.75,5 (Eng. 
Bible: deal not foolishly; see 

^St II.). 
Pi. bhn {fut. h^ni ; imp. hhn, f. 

'"T-Til , pi" ^7.1 0) 1) to commend, to 
praise ri^T'^S-'PSi nriN iy?n)l and 
they commended her tn Pharaoh 
Gen.12,15; n:;ri'l'?D praise the Lord 
Ps.117,2; with ^•. to give praise 
r,2 ^y.U) and to give (or sing) 
praise to the Lord lChr.25,3. — 
2) to boast IjS^n D'^rih»2 of God 
we boast Ps.44:,9. 

Pu. hbr^ (fut. h'^f^i; pi. hhr^m 

to be praised, to be renowned 
nXD '7^np1 ;\ h'tl^ great is the 
Lord and highly praised Ps.48,2; 
nhhr^n liSfn O the renowned city ! 
Ez.26,17; 1^|V1 nS VgiSinal Ps. 
78,63 ace. Ges.; his maidens were 
not celebrated in nuptial songs 
(comp. Ch. N|71^n nuptial song). 
Hiph. fut. ^ri^ to shine brightly, 
to diffuse light "pn; ''3 liN the 
light when it shone brightly Jb. 

31,26; DpiK i-»ri; kS .„a\mr\ ■'jia 

the stars of the heavens... shall 
not diffuse their light Is.13,10. 
Hrthp. '^.^nnn l) to be praised 

b^non N'\'l ;rri«'l''. nf ^ a woman 
that feareth the Lord she shall 
be praised Pr.3I,80.— 2) to boast 
oneself ''B'Si 'j-JHOn ;''.3 my soul 
shall boast herself in the Lor'i 

P3.34,3 nnsM lin '?.^nni-':K let 

not bim that girdeth on the armour 
boast himself as he that putteth 

it off iK.20,11; nyn^i S^nnn-nD 

why boastest thou thyself in 
mischief? Ps.52,3. 

p'^tl II. (ace. Puerst identical with 
Ar. hr\-i to err) Po. "^SiH (fut. h'^.m 
1} to be foolish, to be mad;pi.jpZ. 
D''^2^n Pt!.75,5 fools, madmen 
(otherwise: boasters; see hhr\ I.). — 
2) to befool, to make mad pVV^ 
0^5 './ill" oppression maketh a 
wise man mad Ec.7,7. 

Poal SSin (pt. S^inip) to be mad, 
to rave ''^^^ni? they that are mad 
against me Ps. 102,9. 

Mithpo. yyOTVi T) to be mad 
I^Hnn; D''1?"'H3 they are mad upon 
their horrid idols Jer. 50,38. — 
2) to feign oneself mad "ntj iJi^M 
''.'?nO?1 "•iOV^ and he changed 
his behavior and feigned himself 
mad IS.21,14.— 5) to rush madly 
^5pi!' 1 vinnj the chariots rush 
madly along Nah.2,5. 

nSn (fut. D'?n: , «/■. ■^^phr^i; pt. oSin: 

pt, p. Dl'^n ; inf. dSn) 1) to strike. 

to beat iB>N"i npnb K~iD''D noSni 

she struck Sissera, she crushed 
his head Jud.5,26j lob? D^.iJ 'bX^ 
n'i^31|> the lords of nations have 
beaten down its vines Is 16.8; 



DUB D^in he that striketh on the 
anvil is.41,7 (=nSin).— 2) ace. 
Ges.: to be beaten to pieces, to 
be scattered d'^l!!^^*! and [the 
multitudel was continually scat- 
tered IS. 14,16 (others: ran hither 
and thither; see D7n below). — 
3) fig. to overcome i;^. ^?1''l! those 
who are overcome by wine Is,28,l. 

OSn adv. hither, here 6'??. 3npn-';« 
draw not nigh hither Bx.3,5; 31tJ>^ 
n^n lay his people return hither 

P8.73,io; •'Nn "'ins ''T}^iii dSh DJn 

have I also here looked after 
him that seeth me? Gen. 16,13. 

W2hr\ (from n^n) f. prop, striking, 

hence: hammer T\TO^!^ ID^- '"^^t 
D'^SdU niDSnS nrn^l she put her 
hand to the nail, and her right 
hand to the hammer of the work- 
men Jud.5,26. 

on pf- n. a place where the □"'Pt 

dwelt Gen. 14,5. 
nn (from Ty'O^') m. bustle, noisy 

multitude; only with sf. DllDna 

on a. tlQ^lpron. m. pi of Win : they, 

themselves; with def. art. those 

Dnn n''»^>3 in those days Jud.21,25. 

Nmsn P*"- »»• father of Haman. 

T IT : - 

il!:iT^ (akin to DDH a. nm ; /■«<. npnj., 
1 n^™ a. n;on^ ; i?*. ni§n , f. nan 
a. ri^D n , pj. nian a. ni'a'n) prop. 

to hum, hence: to be noisy, to 
rage, to growl, to howl, to coo, 


to moan, to roar (according as 
it is applied to human beings, 
beasts, elements of nature, etc.) 
D'^.iJ lan nations rage Ps. 46, 7 ; 
D''3'15 nanj we growl like bears 
18.59" 11) i'532 lan:. they will howl 
(or gnarl) like dogs Ps.59,7; "'Ji'S 
man Q^l ni^N^in like the doves 
of the valleys all of them cooing 
(moaning) Ez.7,16;V^JianUhough 
its waves be roaring (tossing) 
Jer.5,22; fig. of strong drink: f S 
'I^C^ nisn ].''2n wine is a mocker, 
strong drink is noisy Pr.20,1 ; of 
the agitation of the heart or soul: 
■iS riQin '^^b my heart maketh a 
noise in me Jer.4,19; '^7^ "lannTia 
why art thou (my soul) disquieted 
within me? Ps.42,12; of the in- 
ward disturbance of the soul 
compared to the sound of the 
harp: lanj. 1iJ3| iKiaS ■'ra my 
bowels shall sound like an harp 
fur Moab Is. 16, 11; pt. f. rTa'PI noisy, 
tumultuous n^in ni'7"iD5 n^*K the 
woman of folly is noisy Pr,9,13; 
nN?in VV tumultuous city Is.22, 
2; also substantively: noisy place 
or street ni'Bh mi2 at the head 
of the noisy streets Pr.1,21. 

nai see on. 

T I" 

Tan see lian . 
n'^^on see n^an . 

]lDn (c. l^»D. ; pi Q''Jbn.) m. 1) noise, 
tumult, commotion .T'lp ]iari the 
noise of a town Jb.39,7; CSy'lian 
C^a^ the tumult of many peopia 



Is.17,12; r\'')}12 jiDn the commotion 
of thy bowels 63,15 (Eng. Bible: 
the yearning). — 2) multitude Jisn 
D*iJ multitude of nations Gen. 17, 
i; JiDj jiDnri the multitude was 
dissolved (became scattered) IS. 
14,16.— 3) abundance JlDn Sip 
Dfi'ilT the noise of tiie abundance 
of rain IK. 18,41 iPuerst: splash 
of rain); D^ jiDn the abundance 
of the sea Is.60,5; with sf. DJJOQ 
your raging Ez.5,7 (some regard 
this word as a verb. «.; see ]0n), 

]lQri a. 'ili:^^ Ch. pron. m. they, also 
accus. them Dan.2,34 a. Ezr.4,10. 

nJICn pr. n. symbolic name of the 
place for the overthrow of JiJO 

n''On f- sound, noise; only c. HlOn 
T|^53J the noise of thy harps Is. 
14,1 L 

'P.^n to roar, whence TlvQiJ.- 

n'T'Cri f- noise, tumult. 

□Cii (=nin : sf. •'JOOn, DODn, l once 

"'Obn ; /'tii. nn; , ap. on;, «/. nan? ; 
inf. ah , «/■. nan) i) to put into 

strong motion, to drive hibi, DOHI 
in^J?/ and though he drive over 
it the wheel of his wagon Is.28, 
28 — 2) to bring into confusion, 
to confound, to disturb "nX "'iiSHI 
D|'5"-| 3-nd I will bring into con- 
fusion all the people Ex.23,27; 
Danril Tl'''^n n?^' send thy arrows 
and'cnnfound them Ps.l44,6;DOOn 
n^V 723 he confounded them with 
all kind of distress 2Chr.l5,6. 

ion to rage; only verb. n. sf. \'J^ 
□^.ijin ]D DDJDn because ye rage 
[against God] more than the 
heathens Ez 5.7 (see also JiDH;. 

]0n pr. n. Haman, a Persian cour- 
j tier, enemy of the Jews Est.3,1. 

Tj^Jpn Ch. (.def. K3'';pnj m. bracelen. 
collar Dan.5,7. 

D''DOn ™. p^- brushwood Is. 64,1. 

in I. pron. f. pi. from N"!?! : they, 
themselves; with prep. ]n3 a. jjia 
in them, ]n3 like them, |nS to 
themorforthem; JHO from them. — 
|nS R.1,13 for w. Dpb , as it oc- 
curs in reference to male persons 
(ace. Stb. this ]nS is related to 
n^n 11. aud is an adverb denoting: 
till then). 

■jH II. (=n.3n) 1) intmj. lo ! behold ! 
•"nx ntpi;. \r\ behold, thou hast 
driven me out Gen. 4, 14. — 2) 
whether, if m)'2 nn''n \r\ ^ayi and 
see if any thing like this hath 
happened Jer.2,10. 

]n Ch, 1) interj. lo ! behold ! ''r)''N ]rt 

^'IOt-?. l^ehnld, there is our God 
Dan,347.— 2) it 3b i^^^^'hv ]n 
if it se!5m good to the king Ezr. 
5,17; in ...]n whether... or niD.S ]n 
''a*n^'5 \n whether it be unto death 
or to banishment 7,26. 
ri|n I. (.=][} I.) pron. fpl. fromK''n: 
they, themselves; with def. art. 
n|nn those; with prep. 3: like 
these, such n|ri3 "ijl^n-xS I never 
saw any like these Gen. 41, 19; 




n|ri2'!nJn32S.12,8 is an expression 
denoting: many more like these 
things, as much more. 

nil II. adv. hither, here HilH ItTJI 
approach hither Jos. 3,9; n^ityr^ 
nsn ».''7 swear unto me... here 
Gen.21,,23i nsn.T. nSH IVq.^;! and 
they parted hither and thither 
2K.2,14; nir\l TIt?D fiom thee hither 
18.20,21; nsn rilT on the way 
hitherward Jer.50,5,- T]iT] ^l? thus 
far Num. 4,19 or of time: till now 
Gen 15,16. 

n^ri 1) tnterj. behol.d J lo ! ''nn: HiH 
DJv behold, I have given unto 
you &en.l,P9; Q^X3 n''!?^n;in be- 
hold, days are coming Is.39,6; 
IV.^'' i^.^D behold, he was forming 
Am.7,1; ;rrit< 0!l3 n^n lo, bless 
ye the Lord! Ps!l34,l.— 3) here, 
there (in this sense nijl is con- 
nected with the notion of being) 
7D^<5 '"'.■?'!' there [she is] in the 
tent Gen. 18,9; withsf. '':jn, '^ •'n:^ 
a. ij;n here I am; Ti;n,''^;iJn , f. 
r\in here thou art; iiri , IHJin , IJiH 
there he is; pi. ^JJil , ^ IJJin here 
we are; DO^n here you are; D|n 
there they are.— With a pi, Hiin 
frequently indicates the future 
tense: hasn-DS K'^JJ? ''JJn I will 
bring a fload Gen. 6,17; 'nO Tjjn 
thou shalt die 20,3; sometimes it 
indicates the present tense: D|n 
O'iCiVb* they stretch forth Ez.8,17. 

nnjn f- permission of rest, release 

of 'taxes nm fiij^a!? nn:n. he 

made a release of taxes to the 
provinces Bst.2,18. 

Qjin V"- '»• "*• see ■'^ . 

J?jn i""- w. a city in Mesopotamia. 

nSJn inf. of nii , which see. 

Dn mierj. hist! hush! silence (prop. 
imp. of HDn , which see). 

nOn to hiss. — Siph. only /wt. DUl 
to still, to silence "H^ iS| DHM 
Di?ri and Caleb stilled the people 
Num. 13,30. — Pi. only imp. DH 
Am.6,10, i)J. IDT Neh.8,11 be silent! 
be still! 

nj'Sn (from JIB) f- cessation, in- 
termission Lam.3,49. 

TjSn (fut. ri'sq: ; pt risn ; pt.p. ^isn ; 

mf. t]iBn ; verb. n. ?]Sl! , sf. ''OSH) 
ij ir. to turn, to turn over ^SJ^. 
n\JB"7?? and turning it upon its 
face (upside down) 2K.21,13; with 
f^)l : to turn one's back, to flee 
Jos 7,8; with "V^ : to wheel about 
IK.22,34, also to direct one's hand 
ii;TlSni3^*;i3 tlN surely against 
me doth he again and again di- 
rect his hand Lam.3,3; pt. p. T}T4 
n213n ^73 a cake not turned over 
Hos.7,8. — 2) intr. to turn about, 
to turn back r]I?ril ^3nrij and she 
turned about and went away 
2Chr.9, 12; ^n,'? DVJ? a|)n they 
turned back in the day of battle 
Ps.78,9.— 3) to change V^^ T]Bn 
iJW'^i? the plague hath changed 
its color Lev.13,55; also intr. to 
be turned ]y^ tlBH was turned 



white 13,3; with "7 : to turn into, 
to change into rif2;^ d; tjen he 
changed the sea into dry land 
Ps. 66,6; with omission of h- 
D^D DJf? Ilvfri lasnn who changeth 
the rock into a pool of water 114, 
8. — 4) to overthrow 'ni< Ti'bH'I 
7S;n D^lSJ^and he overthrew these 
ciiies Gen. 19,25; -jIN iDSH '<n':^aS 
T'yn that I will not overthrow 
this city 19,21; D3J ''ripsn I have 
made an overthrow among you 
Am.4,11.— 5) to pervert Qri^Srij 
n\»n □•'riStjt •'IJITiN but ye per- 
vert the words of the living God 
Jer.23,36; D53Sn Is.29,16 your 
perverseness! (ace. Sth. from the 
verb. n. ?isn ; ace. Puerst from ^SH , 
which see). 

NipU. "lanj [fut. rjsn:. ; pt. ?isn;. ; 

inf. Tjianj) 1) to turn oneself; with 
,^: to turn about or back on 
«ini1? "^^ n^7i"'°?? the people... 
turned back upon the pursuers 
Jos.8,20; with "^JJ : to be turned to, 
to come upon D^ ]lDn T]^.!?^ ?]SiT 
unto thee shi.,11 be turned the 
abundance of the sea Is. 60, 5; 
?'''nV 0''!?^ ^^?Cv ^^"^ pa-ins came 
upon lier IS. 4,19; with a: to be 
turned against ^.?"^3SnJ they were 
turned against me Jb.19,19. — 2) 
to be changed, to be turned into, 
with h : inx ti'''«S n^BHAI and thou 
Shalt be changed into another 
man IS.10,6; ]'^'f] yjjn t]Qnj the 
plague was turned into white 

Lev.13,17; ]^n i^ffi ''S riDsm :;•'« 

n^^pJ how art thou changed unto 

me into the wild shoots of a 
strange vine? Jer.2,21; fig. to be 
perverse 1^1^73 ^SHJ he that is 
perverse of the tongue (prop, that 
is changed with the tongue) Pr. 
17,20. — 3) to be changed or turned 
to the contrary ^<^ TjiBnjI it be- 
ing, however, turned to the con- 
trary Est.9,1.— 4^to be overturned, 
to be overthrown T]Snj n''nnOJ 
E'N'"iD3 and under its surface it 
is overturned as it were with Are 
Jb.28,5: nSS^J n.l.i^J Nineveh shall 
be overthrown Jon. 3, 4. 

Soph. t]Snn to be turned ?lSnn 
nin?3 "i^y terrors are turned upon 
me Jb.3G,15. 

mthp. risnnn (pt. nsnnt?) i) to 

turn oneself, to revolve 3105 
ri.?^nO?n the sword which turnotk 
itself 'Gen.3,24.— 2) to roll one- 
self Tisnnn ni-iVt? onS S'-'pv a 

baked cake of barley bread was 
rolling round Jud.7,13.— 3) to be 
changed Dpin "Ig'nS ?isnnri she is 
changed as the sealing-clay Jb. 

■nSn , n^iH »«• tlie reverse, the con- 

TjSn m. perverseness (ace. Puerst 
the stem for QSSSn Is.29,16 your 

rO£n f. overthrow, destruction. 

TJSifin adj. turned, crooked, per- 
r\^'ir[ f. deliverance. 
Tin w,. battle-axe. 



in (.def. -inn ; pi. nnn , def. n-'-ign ; 

but D":n Ps.75,5 belongs to nn 
B«p/i., which see^ m. mountain, 
mount Deut.33,19; 4,11; ''^p in 
Mount Sinai Ex. 19, 11 j ]iTlL! 
Mount Zion Is. 24,23j occurs in 
many names of mountainous re- 
gions, as : n^EK IH , nn^H'. in , 
wr nn , n'SJB> nn , etc.; wlth'n loc 
nnn Gen. 14,10, c?ef. nnnn 12,8.— 

TIV ' ' ' T|TT ' 

See also nnn, n^n. 

in (an old form for nQj pf. n. i^ 
a mountain in the south-east of 
Palestine, where Aaron died Num. 
20,22. — 2) a north-eastern branch 
of Lebanon Num. 34, 7. In both 
instances it is joined to the word 

nnn (nnn nn the mount Hor'). 

TT TT ^ 

Kin pf- «• a mountainous district 


in Assyria lChr.5,26. 
?i<in »i- the hearth of God, the 

altar Bz.43,15='?N''nt<, , which see. 

Jin [fut. inni;^t. jjn"; pt. p. jnn) 

to kill, to murder, to slay. 

Niph. jnn;. {fut. jnnv, inf. with 
prep. jnnaBz. 26,6 for Jnnns) to 
be killed. 
Pu. jnh to be slain. 
Jin w. killing, slaughter. 
nj'Sn /■- kil:ing,slaughternjnnn )^<S 

T " -; 

the flocks destined for the slaugh- 
ter Zch.11,4. 

nin (.fut. ap.nriin; inf. nnn, inn) n to 

TT ' "*" **" 

conceive, lo be pregnant n^ilinnril 
and sheconceived and bore Gen4,l; 
nnnn ^3 snm and when she saw 

T TT - V- 

that she had conceived 16,4; fig. 
to conceive in mind ITI. -DS? nnn 
'Ij?.^ he conceiveth mischief and 

bringeth fortn falsehood Ps.7,15: 
pt. f. nijinCs/'. ^onin) parent, mother 
Cant.3,4; pt. pi. m. D''nin parents, 
progenitors, sf. "inin (jen.49,26. 

-fw. nn'n ^o ^^ conceived n^^fn 

^ T ■*■ • 

nJ3J nnn ngX the night when it was 
said, There hath been a male child 
conceiveL' Jb.3.3j inf. 'r,h Is- 59,13. 

nnn (c. nnq ;i)?. ninri) ady. f preg- 
nant, with child flvS nnn [she 
was]with child, near tc be deliverd 
IS.4,19; n^i^i nnn pregnant by 
whoredom Gen.38,24; dH^; nnn 
perpetually pregnant Jer.20,17; 

pi. sf nininn 2k.8,i2 a. n\ninn 

■^ ' T V T ' T V • T 

Hos.14,1 their pregnant women. 

ihin Ch. (,pi. pnnnn) ». thought, 

fancy, revery (ace. Stb. a redupl. 

of nnn to conceive in mind), 
llin »»■ conception, pregnancy; sf 

r]Jinn Gen.3,16. 
p'lin m. same as ]'i1i} . 
nD''in f. ruin. 
ri^D"**!)! f' destruction. 
Q^n P^' w. a king of Canaan. 


]lbiri (=1^^"!^) »»• tower, castle. 
1in P*'- n. 1) brother of Abraham, 

father of Lot Gen.11,26.— 2) IChr. 

23,9.— 3) |nn n"!?. a place In Gad 

=Dnn n''3 Jos. 13,27. 

Din (f'u.t. Dnn^, Dhni.; j3f. Dlh; pt. 

p. Dinn ; mjj. "onn , sf. nonn) to 

pull down, to destroy ti?1 Dnn^ 
nJ3^ he pulleth down and the^' 



can be no rebuilding Jb. 12, U; 
TJOnn?. ^"lOySD from tby post shall 
he pull thee down Is.22,19; of the 
teeth: to break il3"'S3 ii2\4B>m'l. 
break out their teeth in their 
mouih Ps.58,7; with 7.^ : to break 
through ;':-'7^5 IDin.;: ■§ lest they 
break through unto the Lord Ex. 

Niph. Dim (M. Dnn.i.) to be 
pulled down, to be destroyed. 

Pi. Din- (fuu Dig': ; pt- Dino) to 

destroy, to pull down. 
D"iri Mi- destruction; only once I'V 

Dili city of destruction Is. 19,18 

(ace. some ^DIJIH l^y city of the 

Sun, i. e, Heliopolis). 
Tnn (= 11) m. mountain; only 


once sf. ■'I'Tl. my mountain ! (in 
allusion to Judah) Jer 17,3. 
~)"in t^ "ID) »*• mountain; sf. ''^IH 
Ps.30,8, rrpj} Gen. 14,6; pZ. c. nnn , 
sf- ""'3!! Daut 8,9. 

^nn a. nnn oeni. Hararite 28.23,11 

and 33. 
Utn pr. n. m. lChr.11,34 =1B''' 2S. 

n^J;CJ^^■^ (from y'O^) f. & causing to 

hear, an announcement Ez. 24,26. 

n''irin2''n /". bowing, prostration; 
TT-: - : • 

only once ■'ilTinritl'ns in prostrat- 
ing myself 2K.5,18. ' 

'n^nn Urom tinj) m. melting (of 

nn^nnn A association ni"12nnn |D1 
V^X and from the time of his 
associating with Dan.11,23 

Tinn P'T. n. Persian courtier. 
9nn (akin to SSri) to trick. 

Pi. hpri (fut. hm)) to mock, to 

D Viin m. pi. mockery, derisioii. 

nnn see nn 


1 the sixth letter of the alphabet, 
called Vav ='i^ nail or hook, from 
its similarity to that form; as a 
numeral i =6, V =6,000.— The 
consonantal sound of 1 (v) some- 
times dissolves into ii or o, as in 
in dud, '^^'^ shor. At the begin- 
ning of roots 1 is changed into '' 
and only rarely asserts itself in 
the inflections and derivatives, 
as; n2; (for HTIl, Niph. fut. n^V ; 

nS; (for ib^), Niph. fut. "iSv and 
n. -\h). 


T (before 2, 1, D, S and before 

,'=;heva 1 : t<ai , ini , itsoi , rstrsi 

l^'l'l ; before a distinctive accent 
V.Di;Ez.5,17,n3-n Gen.46,21; be- 
fore a vowelless ^ it is punctated 
1: Tljl'^p^l, np;i; before a Chafeoph 
its vowel assimilates with that 
of the Chatoph : dSqI, ibxi) conj. 




1) and ^yr\ |5|'i di'iVb'i n-'Dn 

wheat, and barley, and oil. and 
honey Jer.41,8; D^H njna lin^l and 
they shall have dominion over 
the flsh of the sea Gen. 1,26. — 

2) then nJ''P"iN1 hiitfn DK if thou 
wilt go to the left, then. I will 
go to the right Qen.13,9.— S) that 
^Vp\) ^Wy^\ \^^ ^^. ia"3 speak to 
the children of Israel, that they 
go forward Ex,14,15.' — i) con- 
sidering that, seeing that vno 
''nN DC)«.# D^b'l ■'^N Di>*| where- 
fore come ye to me, seeing that 
ye do hate me Geu. 26,27. — Join- 
ed to verbs in the indicative 
mood, 1 in addition to its being 
a conjunction has the function of 
converting the past tense into 
the future and the future into the 
past (in the latter case punctated 
J), thus: "IDN he said, 'IDNI and 
he will say; 1DN'' he will say, 
IDK'J (A lOK'J) and he said. 

VT\ pr. n. a place in Arabia. 

Sm !"■■ n. a place on the border 
between the Amorites and the 
Moabites; occurs in the fragment 
of an old war song nSffi3 injTlK 
Vaheb in a tempest Num.21, It. 

Il TO. hook, peg, nail; pi. D^ll^ Ex. 
38,28; c. \1.\. 27,10; sf. Dn''.11. 38,19. 

^T1 ace. Ges. (by analogy with Ar. 


"Itl) burdened with guilt tjS^Sn 
"l|T.ti'''N' Tj'l.'l perverse is the way 
of a man burdened with guilt 
Pr.21,8; old interpreters class 1J1 
with "It , which see. 

NriT''1 pr. n. son of Haman. 

"1^1 m. child. 

T T 

Tlpi Ktib 2S.6,23 for l!?:. child. 

TVy\ pr. n. m. 
t: — 

^D£1 pr. n. m. 
''JtJ'"! pr. n. m. 
•ij'riJJ,*'! pr. n. wife of Artaxerxes. 


T the seventh letter of the alphabet, 
called Zayin, from | ^^1 a weapon, 
because of its simllaTity to a 
pointed weapon (sword or daggerl, 
as numeral t=7, ■f=7,000. 

^XT (pi O^^til , c. UNf) 1) TO. wolf — 
s) pr. n. TO. Jud.7,25. 

nST pron. dem. f. 1) this, that (from 
TO. nt ) ; it either incl udes the 
person in itself and stands alone. 

as r\f^ N^|3'', rmh this one shall 
be called Woman Gen.2,23, or is 
put after the noun, in which case 
both have the def. art., as 1^?rr 
nXTH this well 21,30; preceding 
a noun DNt signifies: this is, as 

nn.|n nix nxr this is the sign of 

the covenant 9,12.— nXT ...nJr 
the one,., the other IK.3,23.- 2) 
this, this thing S^V flKl this do 
ye Gen.45,17. 




i^T to hover about, whence 3Dt . 
HiT to present with, to endow with 

— T 

D^'^''S. ■'^t!^! God hath endowed 
me with Gen.30,20. 

*TJ3T "*• present, gift. 

TiT pr. n. m. lChr.2,36 etc. =13^^ 

(perh. njn^) 2K.12,22. 

^■^^T i""- ■». w. Jos.7,1 ='''!Dt lChr.2,6. 

nn^T , ^i^^l^l P'''- w. m. of several 

^iflT {pi. c. '•51^!) «. fly, gad-fly 
riD ''5^3? death-bringing (poison- 
ous) flies Ec. 10, 1. — JI^I ^V^ 
Beelzebub 2K. 1, 2, a Philistine 
deity at Bliron, the destroyer of 
pernicious insects. 


TDT (Ktib) i)r. ?i. m. Ezr.8,U. 

mUT (Kri for HTDp pr. n. f. 2K. 

'^^IT, "7^1 (from 'jOt) m. dwelling, 
habitation nS^t. nos? nT B'^tt* the 
sun and the moon stood still in 
their dwelling Hab.3,11; D'H^X^ 
ib '75tD '7iNB' ni-'i'? and their form 
shall waste away because of the 
grave having become their dwell- 
ing Ps. 4^9, 15; of the heavens'. 
T]^1(: 7DTp from the habitation 
of' thy holiness Is.63,15. 

rt^iJiT i""- «■• Zebulun, son of Jacob, 
also tribe and territory named 
after him. 

n:iT (/Mi. n5!!j pt. nit, pi. Qina*; 

imp. n5t ; ^wf. nat) to slaughter, 
to ifill, to sacrifice. 

Pi. nat {fwt. nap ; pt. narj? -, m/: 

D5L) to sacrifice frequently. 

nnr, ^ na] («/■. ^05!; ^j^- n^nat, c. 

''naT) m. ij slaughter, sacrifice. — 
2) pr. n. a king of Midian. 

m-lT see nnut . 

'^yt to surround, to cover, whence 

— T 

"^laj ; ;?si. to dwell or lie with 
''^''<ii ^J'73r my husband will dwell 
with me Gen. 30,20. 
^;iT see Siar . 

]t>2\ see ]h^2l . 

]— T Ch. to acquire, to gain ^'J^?? 

]''jat. pnJK ye wish to gain time 

JT *». shell, husk (of fruits). 


TT (from IV, pi. Cf.t) (idj- proud, 
impudent, wicked. 

p'lT (from nn ; c. ]nt j sf. Tlht) m. 
pride, haughtiness, impudence. 

(IT 1) dem. pron. m. this; it either 
includes the person in itself and 
stands alone, as lail? Ht this one 
is speaking Jb.1,17, or is put after 
the noun, in which case both have 
the def. art., as nTH la'in this 
thing Gen. 20,10; preceding a noun 
nj. signifies: this Is, as la'nn HJ 
this is the thing Lev.8,5, but 
sometimes it has the same signi- 




flcation as when following the 
noun: rijan nf this house Bzr.3,12 
(same as T^'jjl n^JH); it also stands 
after a noun as genitive, as TTlD 
nj. the value of this IK.21,2; with 
prep, njl as this,38; n|.3 
thus, in such a manner Est.2,13, 
nt ...nj this... that, the one... the 
other rlD3 ini< Htl rtoa HJ IDN'I 
and one said, In this manner, and 
another said, In that manner IK. 
22,20; nj;'7g H.J one to the other 
Ex.14,20. — S) demonstrative par- 
ticle emphasizing a question: 

nj. r\mr\ is it thou? Gen.27,21; ■'p 

win nrNI n.t Nin who is he and 
where is' he? Bst,7,5; ''S nms'? 
of what profit then is to me? Gen. 
25,82; ''5iN n?. nffiS ]3-ni>t if it be 
80, why am I thus? v. 22. — 3) adv. 
of place : 2?i2 HJ 171? go ye up 
this way southward Num.13,17; 
HD H: iaK> tarry here 22,19; l^pJ 
nj.9 they are departed hence Gen. 
37,17; DN^ njD "'S whence comest 
thou? 16,8; ritni njD on the one 
side and on the other Bx.32,15. — 
4) adv. of ti;ne: nj. nril? just now 
!K.17,24; DIDrS HJ now twice Gen. 
37,36; D''3T n"'t?; HI these many 
days Jos.22,3; D''JE* n^3 HJ these 
many years Zch.7,3 (in these 
phrases Ht has the signification 
of the German schon). — 5) poet. 
as a rel. pron. DH^ m.DJ HJ. Dipl? 7t< 
unto the place which thou hadst 
founded for them P8.104,8; J/D?* 
?nbi nr ^I'iJkS hearken unto thy 

father that hath begotten thee 
riT a. il (=nxr) iem. prora. f. this 
I'lyn rirx'?? neither is this the 
city 2K.6,i'9i ntDI rttS thus and 
thus Jud. 18,4; nns^M it \':in5?1 and 
this my testimony [which] I teacb 
them Ps.132,12. 

iHT (=3nV) to b» yellow, whence 


anj (c. inp TO. gold;^flr. light: psSD 

ilO.^*.! ■^Llf from the north cometh 
the golden light Jb 37,22; of oil: 
anp nrfh'JI^ n''pnsn which empty 
out of themselves the gold-eoloresi 
oil Zch.4, 12.— 2) gold-shekel 
oSp^^'t? in; rTia^'i ten gold-shekela 
in weight Gen.24,22. 

nriT (Ar. NHt to shine) a stem as- 
sumed for IT , 1''{ , ri M . 

DUT to be rancid or stinking, hence; 
to be loathsome. 
Pi. DHJ to make loathsome; with 

sf. on'; in;n incrij^ and his life 

maketh food loathsome to him 

Dm i"". »• w. 

"IMT to shine, to enlighten. 

Niph. -injJ (inf. imri) to be ad- 
monished or warned, to take heed 
W^ 1?!^ ^1??^ thy servant is 
admonished by them Ps.19,12; N7 
liJ' "IDp"? V1\^^o knoweth not 
how to take heed any more Ec. 

Siph. '^^■^Ji^ l) to spread light, 

to shine y-'fj^n nrtt? n"'niin'''7''5pn 




the intelligent shall shine like the 
brilliance of the sky Dan.12,3. — 
2) to enlighten, to teach, to ad- 
monish Ci^gn-n^ Dpn^: n-nnni 

and thou shalt teach them the 
statutes Bx.18,20; 1Dt*J1 .ll'-nini 
D*^ and he warned him and he 
took care of himself there 2K.6, 

10; r\'J^^^r^ is'inp yan T'njn^ to 

warn the wicked from his wicked 

way Ez.3,18. 
*inTCh. to warn, to give heed;jpf.jj. 

"VTJ.) warned Bz.4,22. 
"iriT m. brightness, brilliance. 

"IT (from nnt) w. prop, brightness, 
hence: blossom It tJ*in month of 
flowers (May) IK.6,1. 

"il see ilT . 

!tT dem. a. rel. pron, com. It "li^n this 
generation Ps.12,8; riSiJJ Wh'i the 
people that thou hast redeemed 
lix.15,13; IJDtO irnf;: this net 
which they had laid in secret Ps. 
9,16; ^aB*n n niatpa through the 
plans that those have devised 

S^T '.pret ij ; pt it , f. H^lJ ; fut 31t;) 
1) to flow D^.D laiPland waters 
flowed out Ps.78,20; pt. f. c. flN 
r^n.1 a^n mt.a land flowing with 
milk and honey Ex. 3, 8; of the 
monthly courses in women: to 
have a flux riDT :)if Jir''-i3 HB'N'I 
and if a woman have a flux of 
herbloud Lev.15,25; of the seminal 
flux in men: Ot npl ''3 tJ>iN ^^^ 
n^3D when any man have a 
flux [of semen] from his body 

15,2.— 2) -fig. to melt, to pine 
away TjpPV 2) Jer.49,4 thy valley 
melteth (i. e. its inhabitants van- 

isW; iia> nijiariD onsna liif nn2> 

for these pine away stricken 
through for want of the fruits of 
the field Lam.4,9. 

^TT ™- flux of semen or blood. 

n^T to seethe, to cook, whence n\'J. 
Hiph. to act haughtily, to deal 
presumptuously DH^^y H^tn they 
had dealt presumptuously against 
them Neb. 9,10; ^nyn-Sy t^K T^f-i^l 
and if a man act presumptuously 
against his neighbor Ex,21,14. 

l^lT Cb. same as Heb. Aph. inf. 

^1X^.2 to deal presumptuously 

Dan 5,20. 
niT to project, to stick forth, whence 

n"'it, mta. 

•T ' vt; 

TIT (redupl. of mt) 1) to bo promi- 
nent, to project forward, whence 
nytl? .— 2) to bring forth, whence 
ft fulness.— 3) to move, to stir, 
whence ft an animal. 

Q^nt pr- n. (prop, giants, from titi) 

a primitive people of Palestine 
Gen. 14,15. 
^\}^^ (from nifj f. 1) corner natO ri> It 
the corners of the altar Zch.9, 

15.— 2; corner-pillar niatanani'ita 

^5'''" ^''■St'S like corner-pillars, 
sculptured in the model of a 
palace Ps. 144,12. 

DPllT l"". n. m. 

'pn (akin to bm, bn, hhy, pt. % 

1) to pour out, tu lavish D'^'jtn 




D''30 ant those that lavish gold 
out of the bag Is.46,6; "•'ptri Jer. 
2,35 is from "^m .— 2) to separate, 
to remove, wheuce Tv>\\ , 

Hiph. 7''n to esteem lightly, to 
hold in contempt niS^n n'^najD "^l 
all that honored her held her in 
contempt Lam. 1,18. 

Jl'PlT f- separation, removal; only 
c. nSit and sf. ''nSll , TlO^lt as prep, 
besides, except; sometimes with '' 
parag. ''OJ'" for nSlt . 

W to nourish, to feed; only Hoph. 

• \XV\ to be well fed, to be strong; 
pt. pi. D''j|112 D'^pffi well fed horses 
Jer.5,8 (Kri DVJJ'IP, from ]P to 
be weiglity, heavy). 

«T Ch. to feed. Itp. ptrilSt {fut. |\tn''.) 
to be well fed Dan. 4,9. 

nJlT , nir {pi. nlJit) f. harlot, pros- 
titute; see nJt. 

J^^lT {pret. J/t ; fwt. j?T^) to move 
oneself, to tremble Vr^h\ G^'vh 
IJISD who did not rise nor move 
out of the way for him Est.5,9; 

rijan 'nats* i:^rn^ Qi'3 on the day 

when the watchmen of the house 

will tremble Ec.12,3. 

Pi. redupl. m\ (pt- VIVIP^ to 

agitate, to plague r\^^.mi? 'iVf^l 

and those that plague thee will 

awake Hab.2,7. 
S?^T Ch. to tremble; pt. pi. ^Wl '^V. 

were tremblingDan.5,19 (Kri |''V^^). 
n!?1T f- terror. 
.t)"^; (=n^t) to flow, whence nS.J. 

"l^T I- ipret. *1^ , ^?. 1 "l^p to turn 
away, to depart, to be estranged 
or strange "'iSD 1*1^ they turned 
away from me Jb. 19,13; lirH'? 
0'P^t?.ini3 they were not estranged 
from' their longing Ps.78,30; "'Oil 
''riB'X? n^t my spirit is become 
strange to my wife Jb. 19,17; pt. 
i; (/". nn^, pi. Dn^) strange, 

Niph. 1TJ to turn away, to de- 
part, to be departed or estranged 
lipK lltJ they turned (departed) 
backward Is.1,4; ''5:^0 HtJ "ip. 
who were separated from me Ez. 
14,5; n'f Ps58,4 ace. some =1l"ti 
are estranged, but ace. Stb. it 
belongs to HpJ, which see. 

Hoph. nyn {pt. nnO) to become 
a stranger ''n^h "'^''^H ina a 
stranger am I become unto my 
brothers Ps.69,9. 

I^IT II. {pret. pi. ^ , fut. *1«; , ai). n.t; ; 
^f. jj.rTl^t) ij<r. to squeeze, to crush 
nuriTlX ^J'J and he squeezed the 
fleece Jud, 6,38; niltn '7J'1 a foot 
may crush it Jb. 39,15.— 2) intr. to 
be crushed, pressed out ^-ft x'^ they 
have not been pressed cut (of 
wounds) 18.1,6) nSJEK j;i2|i? Hlinj 
and if one (egg of a viper) be 
crushed, a viper will break forth 
Is 59,5. 

XTT P»"- « »»• lChr.2,33. 

nriT Niph. njJ (fnf. nr.) to be removed 

nissn hv'a j^nn nr-K"?! and that 

the breast-plate be not removsi 

(loosed) from the ephod Bx.28,23 

^nt 1) '0 creep, to crawl; ft. yl. a 




"13^ ^Sni that crawl in the dust 
Deut,32',24.— 2) td be timid '•nSnj 
KTKI I was timid and feared Jb. 

fl'phT I""- «• of a stone IK.1,9. 

TT see nir 

|1'T'T (from nir) flf^j. seething, ra- 
ging D''JiT'.Tn n^an the raging wa- 
ters Ps 124,5 (Eng. Bible: proud 

VT Ch. (=Heb. ir.) m. brightness, 
color; pi. sf. \"li''T his color Dan. 

^'^f 1) m. abundance, fulness (from 
nt 3) n:iii5 ftp from the abun- 
dance of her glory [s. 66,11.— 

2) what moves and lives, i. e. an 
animal (from tit 5) nai? nB* fP 
and whatever moveth in the fields 
is with me Ps. 50,11. 

JtT'T pr. n. m. 

T ■ 

nrT pr. n. TO. lChr.28,11 =KJ''T v.lO. 

Nrt see ntn . 

3?^T ^r. n. TO. 

tl^T F"- "• -'^ a city in Judah; gent. 
"i?^! . — 2) a desert near that city. — 

3) a person mentioned in IGhr. 

ns"'T i""- w. TO. 

T ■ 

Dlp'T # f. fiery darts, sparks; see 
also p.T. 

njT (c. n'.!; iJJ. D^nn) olive, olive- 
tree nn_]n'^ olive-oil Ex.27,20: r\\\ 
]0^ Deut.8,8, "igV!! ri^.r 2K.18,32 

oil-olive (trees); D"'i^\1'n "IH the 
Mount of Olives Zch.14,4; nhvn 
Q''0\'.D the ascent of [the mount 
of] Olives 28.15,80. 

liT'T pf- n. m. 

TjT , '^ m (f- nSJ) adj. clear, pure. 

n^T (M- n|P.) ij to be clear, pure, 
innocent J^E*! V.tNDa nirtJD can 1 
be pure with wicked balance? 
Mic.6,11.— 2) to be right n^rri 
Tj^St'O that thou mightst be right 
when thou judgest Ps.51,6. 

Pi. nat (flit. njP) to cleanse, 
to purify ''a^p'O''?.' I have cleansed 
my heart Ps.73,13; lyj H^P HM 
irriXTItJ wherewith shall a youth 
keep his way pure? 119,9. 

mthp. nsin (for natnn) to 

cleanse oneself Is.1,16. 
^liT Ch. f. purity, innocence Dan. 

nO^:)? (from nS])/"- glass, crystal. 
IliT {.sf. ^"^Op TO. co!?. males (of 

men and beasts) Bx.23,17. 
'I'lST pf- n. TO. 
"'3T i"". w. TO. 
T|DT (pret. pi. 131) to be bright, pure, 

transparent JbB*!? H"''!''!; ISt her 

crowned princes were purer than 

snow Lam. 4,7. 
Hiph. Tirn to make clean "lOiStO 

iS| 113? if I make my hands' 

clean with lye Jb.9,30. 
liT^ I. (=Ch. "iD-j , akin to 1|3T ; fut. 

"iap; ewp. isf; ««/■. 'io_r) prop, to 

pierce, to impress, hence: 1) to 

"lUT 137 

- T 

remember, to recollect D^ivS "IDt 
^iT'^a he remembereth his cove- 
nant for ever Ps. 105,8; with h as 
prep, of the accusative: "^jh^fSp 
IJv "l3f.who hath in our low con- 
dition remembered us Ps. 136,23; 
with 7 as prep, of the dative: 
nails': ^nh^, "'^■n'l.St remember 
me, my God', for good Neh,5,19.— 
2) to think, to consider '';il1?l DK 
W^n^J] yea, when I think of it, 
I am terriefled Jb.21,6; nnpj; iih 
^Q'^in^ she thought not of her 
later end Lam. 1,9; ^:^i} ''jnnDr DN 
if thou thinkest on me Gen.40, 
14; •'^n nn •'3 ni| consider that 
my life is but a breath Jb.7,7. 

Niph. 13tJ (fut. nar.) to be re- 
membered, to be mentioned 1DB> 
lij^ "lap. X7 that his name may 
not be mentioned any more Jer. 
11,19; ;■; '':§S DJ^lip] and ye shall 
be remembered bofore the Lord 
Num. 10,9; Dn|)|J n^sn Q^D^n these 
days are remembered Est.9,28. 

Hiph. T'STn ifut. T'^tl ; inf. 
Instil) 1) to make to be remem- 
bered, to call to remembrance, 
to make mention of ^l??'"nS 'T'?J« 
I shall make my name to be re- 
membered :ex.20,24; 'hii. ■'jri']3!ni 

.lyiS and make mention of me 
unto Pharaoh Gen.40,14; ITiip 
D^JlS make ye mention of it to 
the nations Jer.4,16. — 2) to offer 
as a memorial nJii? T'Stfi he 
that burneth incense as a me- 
morial Is. 66,3. 
Pt. 'l^^ID a) in the sense of a 

verb: lijia ''JN. iNKin n!< my faults 
1 call to remembrance Gen.41,9. 
h) as a noun: recorder, historiog- 
rapher IK.4,3. 

liT 11. {den. from IDt) JVzpTi. 13?! 
to be born a male n^JTl ^IJpD "^DT 
and all thy cattle that is born 
male Ex.34,19. See also under "l^ig.. 

lit (pl D''13!) m. male. 

TT T, 

TiT a, ID.T. w. J^ remembrance, 
memory nD^JjS p''1V -|3.t the 
memory of the just is blessed 
Pr.l0,7.— .S^memorial, name,fame 
IT il) n.??. nn and this is my 
memorial to all generations Ex. 
3,15; iE*1g ISJ.^ nin praise his 
holy name Ps.30,5; jijaS JV.? il?! 
the fame thereof shall be as [that 
of] the wine of Lebanon Hos.14,8 
(the Bng. Bible renders ilDt 'the 
scent thereof). 

"l^Ti"". w. w. lChr.8,31, for which 

.T'lar. 9,37. 
jnat (c. lii?!-,!)?. c^ii?! a. nijin?:) 

m. remembrance, recollection, 
memorial CJ'B'X'lS lilJt ]iX there 
is no remembrance of former 
things Eel, 11; ]il|t V.^N sto-ips 
of] remembrance, memorial stones 
Bx.28,12; |n3f nnJD memorifil 
sacrifice Num.5,15.— .3) rer i-.l, 
account *lgD3 pi|J DXt in^ wi i e 
this for a record in a book Is. 
17,14; inar IgD Mal.3,16 a. I^D 
niJi1?inE3t.6,l book of reff^rds. - 
3) celebration, day of niemonaJ 




'"12? J""- w. of several persons. 

nniT a. inngt i"-. n. i; king of 
Israel, son of Jeroboam. — 2) 
prophet at the time of Joash.— 
5^ prophet at the time of Uzziah. — 
i) prophet whose writings form 
part of the sacred canon, con- 
temporary of Ezra. 

J7t ace, Ges. probably the same as 
Ar. J vT to draw up, whence J.^JDi 

T^\ f- baseness, vileness (from 
"^-l 2) DnK VaS nM n*!? when 
vileness is exalted among men 

hpl (only pi. n'h'br) m. shoot, twig 
(of a vine). 

7^7 1) to squander, to be a elutton; 
pt. ^h'l] squanderer, glutton Deut. 
21,20; -lE?^ ^^."^it squanderers of 
flesh Pr 23,20 '(Ges. a. Puerst: 
squanderers of the body, i. e. de- 
bauchees).— 2} to- be lew, mean, 
vile, despised; pt. bbjit Jer.15,19, 
f. rt^^it Lam.1,11 vile, despised. 
J^iph. Vn to be shaken, to quake 
(Stb.: to sink) l^tJ Onn T]''JSO at 
thy presence the mountains 
quaked Is.64,2; )^]: Jud.5,5 =lVn . 
Hiph. 'rnn to esteem lightly, to 
despise (same as Riph. of h^t i 
which see). 

^Jl'tiT to glow, to burn, whence: 

nsy'-i a nsi*'?! {pi. nisrSt, c. 

rfiS'J!?!) f. glow, flame, heat nn 
nisy'^t glowing wind Ps. 11,6; 
TJ1 nisy'-i the heat of famine 

Lam.5,10; ntV^\ Ps.119,53 heat of 
anger (Eng, Bible: horror). 

ns'PT pr. n. f. 

nST (from DDT ; c. m\) f- 1) thought, 
purpose IpriJ \Sst my thoughts 
(or purposes) are broken Jb 17, 
11. — 2) shameful deed, lewdness, 
incest, apostasy H^J^I naj IB'S? 
they committed lewdness and 
folly Jud 20,6.— 3) pr. n. m. 

nilOT (c. rilDt) f. vine- branch, 
shoot, twig D''aJ?)'. biatt'^V niiDt 
a branch with a cluster of grapes 

Num.13,23; niiDTn-nt< Dinblr Din 

DSK"7g they put the branch to 
their nose Ez.8.17 (an allusion 
to the custom of the Persians 
who worshipped the rising sun, 
holding a bundle of twigs called 
rilST («/". ''O^i) '<'erb. n. f. thinking, 
thought, purpose ''B lilf.r'^^ ''ril2! 
Ps.17,3 my purpose doth not pass 
beyond my mouth (Ges.: my 
mouth doth not go beyond my, 
thoughts). — See also DOT. 

Q''DTpT p: n. primitive gigantic 
people in the territory of the Am- 

TDT (c. T'Dt) m. song, hymn T'lDT 
n"'V''"iy the song of the terrible 
ones Is.25,5; T-ajH nv the time 
of the singing of birds, i. e, 
spring-time Cant.2,12 (ace. Ges.: 
pruning-time, vine-cutting). 

MTpT f- 1) song, hymn, psalm 
!■? rn.: niTipta let us joyfully 




shout to him with psalms P8.95,2; 
bsnt?! nn''DT. n^rj the sweet sing- 
er of Israel 2S.23,1; ninot. |ilJ 
nT?3 who giveth songs in the 
night Jb 35,10.— 2) pr. n. m. 

UCT (1 s- ''09PJ a. \'5ai ; fvi. o'P , 
p?! iar;_ Gen. 11,6 for ISP; jji. DDt) 
to purpose, to think, to devise, 
to plot, to consider D4 ^^\ DDT DJ 
nB*y the Lord hath both devised 
and' done Jer.51,12i nT| HDl?^ 
inni^ril she considereth a field 
and^'buyeth it Pr.31,16; l^B*""! DDif 
p^lY^ the wicked plotteth against 
the just Ps.37,12; "'S'l^S?! "73 ^thl 
1 am purposed that mj' mouth 
shall not transgress 17,3 (see also 


DDT (sf- ^D^n ™- plan, device, pur- 
pose psri"':K iapi further not his 
device Ps.l4:0,9. 

]DT -Pw. pt. ]l2|p to be appointed, 
determined nijffita Cri? appointed 
limes Neh. 13,31. 

1CT Ch. to appoint, to determine. 
Ithp. ]??3!n to determine mutual- 
ly, to agree together. 

IDT (sA '34PI) ''*■ appointed time, 
season ]Ct V3'7. to everything there 
is a season Ec.3,1. 

p\ a. ;Dt Ch. (def. KJl?t , pi. ]''i!?tl 
appointed time Njpt n3 at that 
time Dan-3,7; \T^\ iPt Ti even to 
a season and time'7,12; nn^^ pJ!?! 
three times 6,11. 

*1DT I f/'M*- "'''^P..' to cut off, to prune 

TlD"l| IDjri thou shalt prune thy 
vineyard Lev.25,3. 

Niph. IDtJ {^fut. "ipr) to be cut, 
to be pruned Is.5,6. 

ICT !!• Pi- "ID' i2»A «■• 2™i'- "iSi; 

/■Mt. ISP) to play, to sing nnSTM 
*liilD3 ?)^ I will play unto thee 
on the harp Ps.71,22; i;3^p'? ni?J 
sing unto our king 47,7; with 
accus.: to praise, to celebrate in 
song iCP' 1~St praise his name 
65,5; withs/'.ni33 Tini^P .jycS that 
my glory (i. e. my soul) may 
sing praise to thee 30,13. 

*1D? Ch. (def. Knot) m. sound ot 

T : T T , 

musical instruments, music ^2) 
fs^Dt "lit and all kinds of music 

T t: ••: 


"IHT Ch. m. singer. 

1,*0T "*. wild goat or antelope. 

mJ2T (c. '"itlPD f- J-) song, music 
nipj^'pip the voice of song I.'!.51,4; 
TJ-i^b: nnpr the- playing of thy 
harps Am.5,23.— 2) celebrating, 
praise mpt WB> take up praise 
(i. e. songs of praise) Ps.83,3; fig. 
n«i^ niP! the praise (i, e. the 
choice fruits) of the land Gen. 

"•"IDT V"- '"'■ ^^ a king of Israel IK. 1 
16,9.— 2) a prince of the tribe' 
of Simeon, who was killed by, 
Phinehas Num.25,14:.— 5) a per-] 
son mentioned in lChr.2,6 ='''1^1: 
Jes.7,1. — 4) a person mentioned^ 
in lOhr.9,42— 5) name of an 
Arabian ti:bo Jer.2.5,25. 




ppT pf- n. a son of Abraham by 
Keturah Gen. 25,2 and founder of 
an Arabian tribe lChr.1,32. 

nipT (=n5P!) f. song n;nnipr: n^ 

Jehovah is my glory and song 

]T »• sort, kind ]r^^ IIP from sort 

to sort, i. e. of every sort Ps. 

144,13; pi. nV! divers kinds of 

spices 2Chr.l6,'l4. 
|T Ch. {pi. c. V.t) same as Heb. 

,3JT (sf. iJJf, J^i^Jf, c. niajt) tail 

ijp^' ^^U?--^^"'^ ^^ turned tail 
to tail Jud.15,4; i3:t3 fn^.l and 
grasp it by the tail Ex.4,4; fig. 
end, stump D''ni«n nUJl V.?* these 
two stumps of flre-brands Is.7,4.— 
This word is also used to denote 
something small or mean, as: 
JJtJ? N71 trxi^ ;•: TIJnJI and the 
Lord will make thee the head, 
and not the tail Deut.28,13. 
3JT {den. from ^Jh Pi. ijt to beat 
the hindmost, to cut off or destroy 
the rear TinnNni'^tJ'mnS3T13ai?''1 
and he beat the hindmost of thee, 
all that were feeble behind thee 
Deut.25,18ni;p?in DSUiiN nnN IB"]"] 
DriiN pursue after your enemies 
and beat the hindmost of them 
(i.e. destroy their rear) Jos.10,19. 

nJT (M njr , ap. ]r; pt. n^r, f. ni; 

mf. riJJ , niop i; to play the har- 
lot, to commit adultery; with 
acciis,: C^T D^yi n\Jt thou hast 
played the harlot with many 
companions Jer 3,1; with y. "'JjriJ 

□5 and thou didst play the har- 
lot with them Ez.16,17; with "^tj ; 
iKiD niJ3-'7^ niJjS to commit 
adultery with the daughters of 
Moab Num. 25,1; with '71? or nno : 
to become faithless vhv njjni 
itS'JTS and his concubine became 
faithless to him Jud.19,2; It PI 
''rinn ^!^^^ and Aholah became 
faithless to me Bz.23,5; ^i. f. mr, 
nJif harlot, prostitute.— 3) fig. 
to stray away from, to apostatise, 
to commit Idolatry ^I3D HirSs 
every one that strayeth away 
from thee Ps.73,27; TI\l'7« '?!?» jT'jr 
thou has gone astray from thy 
God Hos.9,1; QiTrtSN nnnp 1JPJ 
and they are gone astray from 
their God 4,12; with ''tinK; to go 
astray after D''^S;ar! ■"inK IJjn 
and they went astray after the 
Bealim Jud.8,33; fig. to have inter- 
course; f ^KH niDSDD-SrriK nrun 

I .T T : ; - T V t;t: 

and she will have intercourse with 
all kingdoms of the world Is.23, 17. 
Pu. n|1t whoredom to be com- 
mitted n|n nS tj^.-iriK after thee 
whoredom was not committed (i e. 
none foUoweth thee to commit 
whoredom) Ez. 16,34. 

Hiph. mr.n {fut. njp, ap. i.r;. ; 

inf. sf. nnijr.n^) l) to cause to 'be 
a prostitute, to seduce to whore- 
dom nnijt.n^ ^ipsTitj h'pnri Sn do 

not profane thy daughter to cause 
her to be a prostitute Lev.19,29; 
fig. to make go astray TIN IJrni 
ID'd'^X •'•n.D.b* r\\^^ they make thy 
sons go astray after their gods 



Ex.34,16.— 2) to commit forni- 
cation, to carry on whoredoms 
Hos.4,10 a. 18. 

ni3T pi", n. of two places in Judah. 

- IT 

D'JIJT Cfrom rtlf) m. pi. 1) whore- 
dom, prostitution nSl^. Q^m n0 
□■•jIJ! a wife of prostitution and 
children of prostitution Hos.1,2; 
rv:SO rv:^j\ ICn^ and let her put 
away her prostitution from her 
face 2,4. — 2) fig. a) idolatry, 
apostasy 2K.9,22. b) intercourse 
with foreign nations Nah.3,4. 

n>l3T (.pl- D''01Jp f- whoredom Hos. 
4,1 1; fig. idolatry Jer.3,2. 

njT iM- nJP) 1) to reject r\hip. HJ^t 
]i-|ptr be rejecteth thy calf (i. e. 
thy idol) OSmaria! Hos.8,5.— 2) 
to remove ''B'SJ U'hfl^ mtW and 
thou hast removed my soul from 
peace Lam. 3,17. 

Hiph. mm , nijtijp (M- WfTJ 

1) to reject', to cast off n^'j T|n.j'!l 
he will cast thee off for ever IChr. 
28,9; jnSO Dn''Jn he cast them 
off from executing the priest's 
office 2Chr.ll,14.— 2) to dese- 
crate, to cast aside ng*N c'p.iri 
'nt? ni^iSn n''jn the vessels which 
king Ahaz had desecrated (or 
cast aside) 2Chr.29,19.— 3) to 
cause or emit a stench, to stink 
niinj iniJTKni and the rivers stink 
Is.19,6 (.Eng. Bible: and they shall 
turn the rivers far away). 

53T Pi- pA! (/«<• p.Up to leap forth 
with violence 11? pjl.r. n^N "IW 

|B>3n a lion's whelp that leapeth 
from Bashan Deut.33,22. 

nrr {=vi:.; c. r^m f. sweat. 

mrT (— nuit) /". terror, agitation. 

Ti^T «• a little, a trifle DC? Tg? 
Dtt* T'Wt there a little, here a 
little Is.28,10; as adv. a little while 
T^rr •'S ins wait for me a little 
while Jb.36,2. 

y'^X Ch. ffltZj. little, small (=Heb. 

7ji7T (='n??5) ^'^ extinguish.— Niph. 
ri5?n to be extinct ID^rj ''5^ my 
days are extinct Jb.17,1. 

nrT (M- DVr. a. nrp.; pt. nrt) i; 


to be enraged, to be angry, to be 
indignant; with accus.: "Dg DSJH 
Vi^.X and he will be indignant 
toward his enemies Is.66,14; "'"ir 
nnarntSK :^1V:^ the cities of Judah 
against which thou hast been 
indignant Zch.l,12j with 7^ Dan. 
11,30.— 2) to curse vh □>.(§ HOI 
" D5?t and how shall I curse, 

t; -t ' 

whom the Lord hath not cursed 
Num 23,8; imp. h»'i^\ nDSJt curse 

Israel v. 7 (=nprn;' pt. p.' ;; mv! 

he that is cursed by the Lord 

Pr. 22,14i HDi:^! ]in nE•'^< the scant 

measure that is abominable Mic.6,10. 
Nifh DrjJ to be provoked to 

anger, to be angry or fretful 

D''lll?.li D''jS an angry countenance, 

a fretful face Pr. 25, 28. 

D1?T C^Di"! s/'^yj) rn. anger, 
-I- '• 

wrath, rage Is. 10, 5; Ez. 22, 24. 

Fl^t (A'*- ^^P.) to rage, to be angry, 
Irritated, excited 13^ f\V\) >^\-h'J 
against the Lord will his heart 
rage Pr.19,3; QiSi/r Gen.40,6 
a. Dan. 1,10 gloomy, sad, sad- 

tjX^T o'^J- angry, irritated. 

^3?T {sf, iSiy) m. rage, raging fjyia 
p|X with the rage of anger Is.30, 
30; ifirra n^n 1ay>l and the sea 
ceased from its raging Jon. 1,15. 

prr (fut. p'4r. -, imp. pvi -, mf. pVl) 
1) to cry, to lament; with Ss* or 
'^ : to; with accus. or hv : of, for 
' DOn T1\^K pyr.N I cry out unto 
thee of violence Hab, 1,2; HD 
tji:?!? Si? pUtn why criest thou 
for thine sffliction Jer.30,15; with 
iJS^D : because of ^.S^P -Drip??'! 
DJS'^D and ye shall cry out be- 
cause of your king IS. 8,18.— 2) 
to call 09*^? P'-Wt ^"'^ when I 
called you' Jud.12,2; sf. TJlpyr.!! 
and they called thee Neh.9,28. 

mph. pyt.J (fut. pilV) to be called 
together, to assemble. 

3iph. p^Vl'!' {fut- pVAl; imp. 
pvp; inf. p^VlD) i) to' cry, to 
■ call. — S) to cause to call to- 
gether 28.20,4 a. 5. 

pri Ch. to cry. 

pl?T_ m. outcry, cry; sf. r\pVl Sip 
the voice of thy cry Is. 30,19. 

nprT (c. npyn /■. cry n^nj nput 

rriDI a loud and bitter cry Est. 
4,1; DilD np.r.t_ the cry of Sodom 


Gen. 18, 20 ; nnJS n"il??n ''713T 

D^Sipsa "rtyiD npvro n^'J6&i the 

words of wise men are heard in 
quiet more than the cry of him 
that ruleth among fools Ec.9,17. 

"lyt t="l??V) to be small, to be little, 
whence 'l^ill a. n^tD . 

P*1£T V- w. a city in northern Pal- 

nST /". pitch. 

p_T (only pi. Cf^t) m. 1) chaip, fet- 
ter nii^ta Dr!''3'7a nbgtS to bind 

their kings with fetters Ps. 149,8; 
with prosthetioal s : D^'ipTN Jer. 
40,1 &. i — 2) burning dart, flerj 
arrow C^f nii^n who casteth flery 
darts Pr.26,l'8 (Eng. Bible: fire- 
brands); comp. riip''!. 

IpT (c. ]p2. ; sf. SipA) TO. beard riNB 
Tjij^t. the corner of thy beard Lev. 
19,27; ]PXVh}}^_ having theiv 
beards shaven Jer.41,5. 

]pt (fut. Ipp.) to be or grow old. 
Hiph. I'^ptn (/-M*. ]ipn) to grow 

]pT (c. \pd ; pi. D''i|7T. , c. "'jpt) i; ad!/. 

old, aged.— 2) m. old man, elder. 
1 p T "»• old age. 
njpT («/•- nnjpn /•. old age. 
Q'JpT m. pi. old age CJiPr]? a son 

born in one's old age Gen.37,3. 
S]pT (pt. ^ph to lift up, to raise 

D^S^B? f\p} SI. the Lord raiseth up 

those who are bowed down Ps 


fjl^\ Ch. (pt. p. ciipp to raise up, 
to hang up Ezr.6,11, 

ppT 1) ace. Puerst: to trickle 
through; inxS I^D pV they 
trickle through as rain with its 
mist Jb.36,27 (Eng. Bible: they 
pour down rain according to the 
vapor thereof).— S) to strain, to 
filter, to purity, to refine QipDI 
^P'i -5J2 and a place for the gold 
which men refine Jb.28,1. 

Pi. pp.! (Stb. Pi?!) to purify, to 

Pu. ppj to be Durifled Cnai?* 
D''pi5.!P lees well refined Is.25,6; 
□Ip^JB* p|5Ta purified seven times 

^T (prop. pt. of lit; f. n3]) adj. a.«. 
1) stranger, alien, foreign T]^.^n^ 
T1''9"N71 "Tt let a stranger (i. e. 
another man) praise thee, and 
not thine own mouth Pr.27,2; "'tDI 
13 '^DNi-n'? It but there shall no 
stranger eat thereof Lev. 22,13; 
npt ^!}PP the lips of a strange 
(i. e. adulterous) woman Pr 5,3; 
C'lt.DVI strange (i. e. illegitimate) 
children Hos.5,7.— On] Is.1,7 
ace. Aben Ezra and others =D.'!l.t 
flood, inundation, but it is better 
to take it as the pi. of "Tt . — S) 
strange, singular V^^V.P \' his 
singular work Is.28,21. 

*1T (from Tit. II.) m. ring, border, 
edge, crown. 

t^lf f. something loathsome rTHI 
N*"lt7 DD7 and it become loathsome 

tt; vt 

unto you Num.11,20 



211 (akin to i'lV) Pu. ant to be 

-t ^ ~ 

warmed, to be flowing laif. nwa 

at the time they are warmed (or 

when they are flowing) Jb.6,17 

t'i^ITi"'. n. a descendant of David 

V T •. ; 

in Babylonia, who led back the 
first Jewish colony to Palestine. 

IT T ("^ T VI T^ i""- "• "*• brook or val- 
ley in Moab. 

nlT (fut. TTliV. , ap. "I.P; i)<. nit; imp. 
nnj; mf. ninp l) to strew, to 
scatter about, to disperse.— 2) to 

Mph. nip. ifut. n^f.) to be scat- 
tered niSltJ.a n? >j and they were 
scattered through the countries 
Ez 36,19; verb. n. D3''riinjn3 in your 
scattering (i. e. when ye shall be 
scattered) 6,8. 

Pi. n n.t (fut. n :i p ; inf. nint) i) 

to disperse, to scatter about; pt. 
nitl? Jer.31,10; pt. pi. D^tp Jb. 
37,9.— 2) to spread nil?2n '"iriBb> 
n??T IIP the lips of the wise spread 
knowledge Pr.15,7. — 3) to en- 
compass, to hedge abjut^yanVniN 
'P''T.'. roy walking and my lying 
down hast thou hedged about Ps. 

Pu. nSf (fut. nip. ; pt. nit for 

nptlp) to be strewed, to be spread 
out;'jpt. /•. nb*nn nntl? the net is 
spread out Pr.1,17 — ' nt Ps.58,4 
see lit I. 

rllT, i?1,! (withprostheticalx-.JJim 
Jb.31,22; sf V'"l!;# D"'V'l! a. nij?'-|t, 
c. ''yip com. i) arm Is.40,11; of 
animals: shoulder Num.6.19. — 2) 

- ,.. 

■fig. a) strength, power, might "J'W, 
12>3 the arm of flesh (i. e. human 
might) 2Chr.32,8; VT '')S^] the 
powers of his hands Gen.4:9,24; 
N3-[^ D^ain; niynp and the arms 
(i. e. strength) of the fatherless 
have been crushed Jb.22,9; ^n^lJI 

TI0''3| ]^\ I will 'cut 'oir' thine 
arm, and the arm of thy father's 
house (i. e. thy strength etc.), 
that there shall not be an old 
man in thine house IS.2,31; hence 
also: military force, an army Dan. 
11,15,22 a. 31. &) help, support 
tSiS-V.^'? ??i1J 1"'? they have been 
a help to the children of Lot Ps. 
83,9; in; 1^3 m) and he maketh 
flesh his support Jer.17,5. c) vio- 
lence yilT V^t} a violent man Jb. 

seed, thing sown, garden herbs 
5?^"!.'. V^l any seed which is to be 
sown Lev. 11,37; pi. sf. Tpp'^X the 
things that are sown in it Is.61, 
11; Cri.T Dan. 1,12 garden herbs, 
for which D'':>1t. 1,16. 

fl^T^T {redupl. of fjlt) m. watering, 
besprinkling flK ein*)! D"'3''3n3 as 
showers for the watering of the 
earth Ps.72,6 (comp. Talm. N'Smt 

"l^T^T {redupl. of 1 1^) m. girded 
DJJnD Tint, one girded about the 
loins (of a war-horse) Pr.30,31. 

ny ifut. mV, ; inf. D'l,r) 1) of light; 



to rise, to shine forth B'DB'n nit^ 
the sun riseth Ps.104,22; fig. HUbl 
n^Vni^V V- a^'d the glory of God 
is risen upon thee Is.60,1. — 2) of 
an eruption of the skin: to rise 

up, to bloom invpa nrn.t. nvT^n 

the leprosy rose up in his fore- 
head 2Chr.26,19. 

n^T ™- rising; sf. T]n*if.njJ7 to the 
brightness of thy rising Is.60,3. 

n'HT pr. n. 1) a son of Judah by 
Tamar Gen.38,30; gent. ''fllL Num. 
26,13 a. 20.— 2) a son of Reuel 
Gen.36,13 a. 17.— 3) a person 
mentioned in Num. 26,13 ^'irix 
Gen,46,10. — 4^ a person mentioned 
in lChr.6,6 a. 26.— 5) a king of 
the Ethiopians 2Chr.l4,8. 

n^mT pr. n. 1) a person mentioned 
in lChr.5,32 =n;nit; 7,3.— 2) 
another person Ezr.8,4. 

Q")T to wash away, to carry away 
as with a flood; with sf. DriDIt 
\''T\\ nJt^ thou carriest them away 
as with a flood; they are as a 
sleep Ps.90,5. 

Fo. nn) to pour out CD IDSi 
nuy the clouds poured out water 

D^T m. storm, flood, violent shower 
1DSD1 D^J.D from storm and from 
rain Is.4,6; "I^| D'ln as a storm 
of hail 28,2; nn^SS 'dID D":?.? as 
a flood of mighty waters ib.; 
"Ip. QIJ? as a storm against a 
wall 25,4 




riDlT (c. nD"!!) f. emission, efflux 
(of semen) Bz.23,20. 

imp. yit ; ^'w/". y'"!!"! 1) to scatter 
seed, to sow CISI^ IJ^It they have 
sown -wheat Jer.12,13; nS ^n|> 
Dl^i'?? yitO thou Shalt not sow 
thy field with mixed seed Lev. 
19,19; Vri^JJl! yp.V. herbs bearing 
seed Gen. 1,29; nrnj vh {''HSaland 
not sown Jer.2,2; of a tree: to 
plant lilV.'ltFl i; nian and thou 
shalt plant it with strange shoots 
is.i7,ioi fig. ni5,nv i??} he that 
soweth righteousness Pr. 11,18; 
iniVpi bar •'Vn? those who sow 
wickedness, reap the same Jb.4,8; 
p''l?'2 yif. liK light (happiness) 
Is sown for the righteous Ps.97, 
11.— 2) to scatter n^B??| D??^!^] 
when I will scatter them among 
the people Zch.10,9. 

Niph. V^A ifut. J/5f.) to be sown 
SnV. "IK'S '•••yt!r''| any seed... 
which is to be sown Lev.11,37; 
of a woman: to be impregnated, 
to conceive J/3T. nyitjl and she 
shall conceive seed Num.5, 28; 
nij; T]D^O V'Di) i<^ that no more 
of thy name be sown (i. e. propa- 
gated} Nah.1,14. 

Pu. J^St to be sown ^Vy'h^ they 
were not yet sown Is.40,24. 

Hiph. yntr;! {fut. v^y.i-pt j;n|D) 

to yield seed yiUnib ^i^V. herb 
yielding seed Gen. 1,11; of a wo- 
man: to conceive seed "i? HI'K 
*13t rt'h'^'i mtn if a. woman have 

TT t:t: -■ ■:- 

conceived seed, and born a mal* 
child Lev.12,2. 

V'Jh^'if D,l (c- V 5,1. a. VV, ; sf. 'n't: 
pi. sf. D5''V.1L) m. 1) sowing, seed- 
time T'Vf^l. J'lT. seed-time and 
harvest Gen.8,22,— 2) seed r'"'!?!? 
I'll, yielding seea Gen 1,11; rsdn 
^V.IL the produce of thy seed 
Deut.14,22; of the seed of animals'. 
Vl^ri33t? the seed of copulation 
Lev.lo,lC; -fig. offspring, children, 
posterity, family, race 7(2^1 ''SD 
"^i^l y% ^W^ out of the 'mouth 
of thy seed (children) and out of 
the mouth of thy seed's seed 
(children's children) Is.59,21; 13% 
nD7Df|ri the royal seed (offspring),l; DiyiD V% seed of evil- 
doers Is.1,4; n''2'iNI. yit, male off- 
spring (i. e, male child) IS. 1,11. 

yiT Ch. m. seed, posterity N2>Jt<. V'^\ 

the seed of men Dan. 2,43. 

riT see iJilt . 
- |.. - I" 

]T;?nt (pi. C^j'!'.) m. garden herb, 

tl*lT (akin to Dip to flow, to pour, 

whence ^"'p.L • 
p^T (fvi- P"1t^.) to scatter, to sprinkle; 

fig. 13 nj^lt na''^ gray hairs are 

sprinkled about on him Hos.7,9. 
Pu. pi? to be sprinkled ^D "i? 

1^^^ pi? ^' n^^ because the water 

of separation was not sprinkled 

upon him Num. 19,13. 

TIT I. Po. ini' (M Ili'P to sneezo 




T T 

"1*1T II. to gird, to encircle, whence 

v., "I ■• n L • 

5J^ T T j)r. n. wife of Haman Est.5,10. 
r\11 (from nif to spread) f. span 

{<5,fit pr. n. m. Bzr.2,8. 

QHT 2"*- «• »»• lChr.23,8. 

^n? pr. M. »». a Persian eunuch 
Est. 1,10. 

n the eighth letter of the Alpha- 
bet, called Setli D""!} lence, be- 
cause in ancient Hebrew writing 
it presented the rude shape of a 
fence; as a numeral n^8, n=8,000. 

3n (from S'Jn ; sf. ^2n) m. prop, 
hiding-place, whence: bosom ]i)0£?7 
''jiy ^3n3 by hiding in my bosom 
my iniquity Jb.31,33. 

Xan to hide, to conceal {Kal not 

T T 


Mph. N|7.J (2 ns'^m, 3 pi. i«3n.:i 

f^ 1N|n.^ ; fid. KOm ; 'inf. Sinn) 'to 
hide oneself, to conceal oneself, 
to be hidden n'-bsn % N'3n;. he 
hath hidden himself among the 
vessels IS.10,22; lK3mi Dnuj '<J1N"I 
young men saw me and hid them- 
selves Jb.29,8; nnran 1«3n»l and 
they hid themselves in the cave 

Jos.10,16; N3nnS mna inn xin 

Lhou shalt go into an inner 
chamber to hide thyself 2Chr.l8, 
24; Kjnna ln-13!l and they fled 
while concealing themselves Dan. 
10,8; with the inf. ^'3nj has the 
meaning of an adverb; nK2nj nab 
0137 wherefore didst thou flee 
away secretly? Gen.37,27; fig. taitra 
t<3nFI ]it?^ against the scourge 

of the tongue shal'u thou be hid- 
den (i. e. protected) Jb,5,21; 7ip 
W3m nn^JJ the voice of the 
nobles was hidden (i. e. hushed, 
silenced) Jb 29,10. 

Pu. N|r;i to hide oneself IKaonn:; 
they hide themselves together 

Hiph. K''3nn (f. nX''4inn, once 

nns'snn jos.6,i7; fut. n^3-1) to 

hide,' 'to conceal ''J«^2nn IT Svs 
in the shadow of his hand hath 
he hidden me Is. 49, 2. 

Hoph. Kann to be .hidden ''Jn331 
IN'im D>'5b and they are hid- 
den in prison houses Is.42,22. 

iTithp. Nsnnn {pt. s'snnn) to 

hide oneself, to conceal oneself 
int?!:!: DnNH Nanipn and Adam and 
his wife hid themselves Gen. 3,8; 

nhypa nyn i«|nn;iand the people 

hid themselves in the caves IS. 

nSn ipt- 35n) to love D''Sr 33n he 

— T . — .. 

lovethrhe people Deut.33,3 (comp. 

Talm. 32n to cherish, n|n love), 
inn pr. n. father-in-law of Moses, 

Num. 10,29, same as inn^. 
n^n (=^'$n ; imp. f. •'in.) to hide 




oneself ViT^'i^^ lan hide thy- 
self but for a little moment Is. 

Niph. nsriJ (inf. Hinn) same as 
Kal: "ror ]iii n|OJl and he shall 
not he able to hide himself Jar. 
49,10 (n|li;ij here for inf. nann); 
n."]|'5 HjSnn'p to hide themselves 
inlhe field '2K,7,12. 

n^'ijri Ch. f. evil deed, crime. 

")l3n 2>r. n. a river in Mesopotamia 


which flows into the Euphrates. 

ni^Sn a. n-JIJq (from 15? II.) f 
stripe, wound. 

a^n (fut. tiJan: ; i>t. tsin) to strike, 
to beat off, to thresh Tljpn.MHn i? 
when thou beatest thy olive tree 
Deut.24-,20; Ctn t^h threshing 
wheat Jud.6.1 1; f;j. i f iho gather- 
ing of I .rael: ^1 tD20^ 

Dnva hn-TJ ~\nir[ n^ati'a the 

Lord shall beat [you] off from 
the chanrrpl of the river unto the 
stream of egypt Is.27,12 (Stb.). 

Niph. tarnj (fut. lajn;. , jsan^) to 

be beaten out nVjJ Djn.i. nm^ fen- 
nel is beaten out with a staff Is. 

iT'in pr. n. m. Neh.7,36, for which 
"niin Ezr.2,61. 

]?Dn (from n|in) m. hiding, cover- 
ing ™ 1^''?P *^^ hiding of his 
power Hab.3,4. 

^nn I. (fM*. ''"^n.^ a. bbni) i) to 

- T • • ; . 

wind together, to V\nd,; D''75n 
binders, bards Zch.11.7 a. 14.— 

2) to pledge, to hind by pledge, 
to take a pledge Tl''p« Vai^in "i? 
for thou hast taken a pledge 
from thy brothers Jb.22,6; 'hzVy 
™o'?« I't? they take the widow's 
ox for a pledge 24,3; iSitll 'J^"':|?! 
and they take a pledge of the 
poor24,3;iJ«.i).n'''?5n.n''n;4! pledged 
garments Am.2,8. 

Niph. San J (fut. '^am.) ace 
Puersl: to be pledged 1^^? t3 
iS 'r'^n;. Pr.l3,13 whoso despi'seth 
a thing shall [hereafter] he 
pledged to it (Stb. a. others: shall 
fall in debt to it); ace. to some 
from .an 11., which see. 

^in H. (inf. Vari) to wound, to 
damage, to deal corruptly 730 
T]^ 1J'?an we have dealt very cor- 
ruptly again.'st thee Neh.1,7. 

Niph. "-am. (fut. 'ram.) to be 

wo'.mded, injured, destroyed T| 
iS h2V\\ "IJ'P whoso despiseth the 
word shall be destroyed Pr.l:3,13. 

Pi. San (fut. San^) i) to damage, 
to spoil, tc destroy vanS D^nB'D 
a waster to destroy Is.54,16; pt. 
D''Dna QiSanD that spoil the vine- 
yards Cant 2, 15. — 2) to be in 
pain, hence: to travail, to bring 
forth TjaX TjO^an r\m there thy 
mother brought thee forth Cant. 
8,5) fig- n.^"''5n^ be travaileth 
with iniquity Ps.7,15. 

Pu. San to be destroyed or 
broken ]19^ \JSa hv San the yoke 
shall be broken because of fat- 
ness Is.10,27; n';an "inn my spirit 




is destroyed Jb.17,1 (Eng. Bible: 
my breath is corrupt), 

^in Ch. Pa. h^n (inf. rh^n) to de- 
stroy, to overthrow.— Itlip. - SnriK 
to be destroyed, overthrown. 

^^n Ch. (def. N'S^q) rn. hurt, dam- 

t'in ic. pi. "'.yVj m. pain, sorrow 

iT^..^'' '''P.^U the pains of a travail- 
ing woman Hos.13,13; ace. Stb. 
metonymically of the young as 
the cause of the pains of birth: 
n^n^Ll'ip °0'-'^?C t'ley cast out 
their sorrows 'jb.39,3; niD I'^JPI 
the sorrows of death Ps.18,5; 
biN'C* ■'S^p the sorrows of hell v. 

6.—' D^Saq jb.21,17 ;)2. of "ran , 

which see. 

b2t^ (pi ^^i^U , e- '''P.^O) m. if. only 
Zph.2,6) 1) cord, rope ':'an5 Dll.irn 
and she let them down by a cord 
Jos.2,15; of the rigging of ships: 
T|;^^n ^trpj thy cords (i. e. tack- 
lings) are loosed Is. 33,23; fig. 
D5t!^p!< DIK •'h?n3 1 will draw 
them with the cords of man (i. e. 
guide them with beneflcent reins) 
Hos.11,4. — 5) measure-cord, mea- 
suring-line h^T^i rj^^C'D that shall 
throw out a measuring-line (1. e. 
to divide off a piece of ground) 
Mic.2,5; in full form nil? h^U 
Zch.2,5. — 3) fig. what is assigned 
by measure, portion of land, lot, 
district nniH^. \:3 San the portion 
ot the children of Judah Jos. 19,9; 
a'jn.N h:2r\-h3 all the district of 

Argob Deut.3,4; Q^n Ssp ''Jli" the 
inhabitants by the districts of 
the sea Zph.2,5; poet, 'jjn ipi?^ 
in^n^ Jacob is his portion of in- 
heritanCB Ps.78,55; '''^"I'^SJ D'l^Jn 
D''P''S?i)5 portions (possessions) 
are fallen to me in pleasant 
places Ps.16,6. — 4) snare, toil 
i^G p«|i ]10D the snare is laid 
for him in the ground Jb. 18,10; 
fig- ''jV"'''r.^n| jn?^: they will be 
caught in the toils of affliction 
36,8. — 5^ band, troop, company 
D'^X.DJ 7jn a company of proph- 
ets IS. 10,5 a. 10. 

b^n (pi. c. ^73n) TO. sailor, ship- 
man (ace. Stb. prop, rigger, from 
750 eord. taclile); '?3'nn JT prin- 
cipal sailor, shipmaster Jon.1,6. 

^3n TO. mast h^n B'Nna upoh the 

top of a mast Pr.23,34 (others: 
tackling, from Sgn). 

'pan TO. 1) pledge San Vh hhn, hath 
not withholden the pledge Ez.18, 
16. — 2) perverseness, corruption 
Neh.1,7 (ace. some Sbn in this 
passage is inf.; see S^n II.). 

n^hn f. pledge j''B>; ain inSbn he 

restoreth his pledge for a debt 

n^S^D f- ^^^y °'' meadow-saffron. 

pnn (i)*. pah , /•. npan ; mf. pan) 

to embrace ]a ngan riK thou shalt 
embrace a son 2K.4,l'6; with DM'* 
to fold the hands, i. e. to sit idlp. 




Pi. pan {fut. pan^.) to embrace 
(with or without "?) i'j'pany and 
he embraced him Gen.29,13; iri?''1 
■•jpanri and his right hand em- 
brace th me Cant.2,6; fig. npnD iSsD 
"HX ^p;n for want of shelter they 
embraced a rocJi Jb.24,8, 

pSn »«. folding of the hands Pr.6, 
io (with D''.,!;). 

pippin pr- "■ B, prophet whose wri- 
tings are preserved in the sacred 

"l^ni. ipt. l3n) prop, to bind, hence: 

— T 

1) to join together, to be coupled, 
to be united pT$V.'% 1"l?n n^N-Ss 
D'''12>n all these joined together 
(came together) in the valley of 
Siddim Gen.4,3; niin J^:^!n nV^.p 
nninK-'^K rt^a the curtains shall 
be coupled together one to another 
Ex.26,3; pt. p. CaXS?, man joined 
to (allied with) idols Hos.4,17.— 

2) to bind by magic spells, to 
conjure "iJn 15^ one who con- 
jures with charms, a charmer 

Deut 18,11; n|oa onan. nan the 

wisest charmer Ps.58,6. 

Pi. lan (fut. lan^. ; inf. lan) to 

bind, to join, to couple together 
'rnxn-riN; lanb to couple the tent 
together Ex.36,18; iSV inn|n;iand 
he joined himself with him 2Chr. 
20,36.— Tl'ian': Ps.94,20 ace. Puerst 
Piel form as if a were a guttural; 
ace. Ges. a. Stb. it belongs to 
Pual, which see. 

Pu. 130 iM- "i5D: ; sf. ^^5n>; 

to be joined, to be bound to^ether, 

to be associated nS-nniCIE? Iiir? 
inni as a city joined together 
Ps!l22,4 (Eng. Bible: that is com- 
pact together); h^ iai;i\ I^N ''12 
D\>nn" .3 he that is joined to all 
the living Bc.9,4 O^D} Kri for 

■in^pi with sf. niin nJss 'ri'ianin 

shall the throne of wickedness 
be associated with thee ? Ps. 94,20 


Hiph. T'Snn to string together 
to join together n5\'?i? niiJariK 
D''7i?| I would join words to- 
gether against you Jb.16,4 (Eng. 
Bible: I could heap up words). 

Hithp. "lannn (once Chaldaic 
form "lanni^ 2Chr.20,35) to join 
oneself, to unite oneself Tiann^ 
they shall join themselves to- 
gether Dan. 11,6; inf. with sf. 
'115D0''!'-? because of thy joining 
thyself (i. e because thou hadst 
joined thyself) 2Chr.20,37. 
lin II. to make a band around, to 

- T 

mark with stripes, ivhence niian 

(nnun) and nn^nan. 

"l^n ipl. D^'l^Q , c. '''nan) m. asso- 
ciate, companion i^'K"^a7 "iJN nan 
?|1^<'^.'; I am a companion of all 
them that fear thee Ps.119,63; 

inan-n^' D''p; nn>jn the one win 

lift 'up his fellow Ex.4,10; t^'''^!^ 
C'lan infj joined together as one 
man Jud. 20,11; T]''|ianD above thy 
companions (i. e. other kings) 
Ps.45,8; D^a|J '"'lan companions of 
thieves Is.1,23. 
*l2in (^InH) TO. associate, com- 




panion; only once pi. vhv V^y, 
W')2r\ do the companions (the 
fishermen in company) dig pits 
for him? Jb.40,30. 

^^n Ch. [sf. Tinjri) m. CO. .panion. 

151 ^^^- '^''"'t^) **• ^) society, com- 
pany^ band D''J|13 15^ company 
of priests Hos.6,9; lOD ^'3 a com- 
mon house Pr29,9.— 2) spell, 
enchantment, charm "li^J "^3^ one 
who conjures with a charm, a 
charmer Deut 18.11; pi. onan lih 
one who conjures with charms, 
a charmer Ps.58,6; sf. riDSr? 
^15jn for the great abundance 
of thy enchantments Is. 47, 9 — 
3) pr. n. a) Gen 46,17 =15n Num. 
26,45; pair. n.^H ib. b; 'jud.4,11 
and of other persons 

ni^nSn (from lag H.-, only pi, 

nil^l^D) stripe, streak. 
(Tllin Ch. f. associate, companion, 
mnn f. society, company Jb.34,8. 

]n.3n pr. n. 1) city ir Judah, pre- 
viously called V3"1X n^lp Gen. 
23,2. — 2) name of several male 
persons; patr. ■'J'l^n Num 3,27. 

jm.3n f. companion; only sf. 
tijy companion (wife) iMal.2,14. 

r^in f. joining, junction. 

tyan [fut. B'ini a. t:'2nj;^i. trin ; pt. 

J), tyiiri; imp. a.inf.fSyVi 1) to bind 
on or around niySJia Dh'^ r\^2rV\ 
and thou shall bind the turbans 
on them Ex.29,9; Vf2 ntirn^!.! I 

bound thee around with fine linen 
Bz.16,10; ^m'h m2n C]^D the sea- 
weed was bound around my head 
Jon.2,6; D'ltt'Un D"'i?Jn3 bound with 
cords Ez.27,24; HB'iri? h'^m oS&h 
to put a bandage to bind it up 
30,21.— 2) to bind up, to dresa 
wounds, to heal tl'^n^;. 3''N?1 N'^H 
he maketh sore and biiideth up 

Jb.5,18; ir::? I5f Tit)' V- ^'^^- °^''? 

in the day that the Lord bindelh 
up the breach of his people Is. 
30,26.— 5; to saddle "n^^' C'irT;l 
inisn and he saddled his ass Gen. 
22,3;'D^B>Un. D''1.iDn n^^ two asses 
saddled Jud. 19,10. — 4^ to enclose, 
to shut up p»Ei5 tJ'i^n Dn\.?f shut 
up their face in secret Jb.40,13. — 
5^ to bridle, to rule, to govern flN'H 
B>3ni DSB'D W.i'a> shall even he 
that hateth right govern? Jb.34, 
17; a*in Is.3,7 ruler (Eng. Bible: 

Pi. tyan to bind up ti'anp 

nniajfS?'? he bindeth up their 
wounds (i. e. he calmeth their 
sorrows) Ps.147,3. — 2) to slop, 
to restrain trsn Diinj ''33D he re- 
straineth the streams from trick- 
ling Jb.28,11. 

Pu. to be bound up kSi IiVn'? 
1ty|I7 they have not been pressed 
out nor bound up Is. 1,6. 

nin to cook, to bake, whence n.iH 

a. nanD. 

nan (only pi. a^r^^q lChr.9,3P m. 
anything baked, pastry (ace. Stb.: 
a pan). 




jn (c. Jn ; sf. VO; p?. n''iin, c. \3n) w. 

i; festival, feast JH n''B>3;i and 
thou shalt keep a feast Deut.16, 
10; TI|.n| rii;iD2>1 and thou shalt 
rejoice in thy feast; IBpJ^ D^JH 
let the festivals run their circle 
Is.29,1.— 2; festival sacrifice -ilpX 
1^^^3i!3 jQ bind the festival sac- 
rifice " with cords Ps.118,27; a^n 
"'^n the fat of my festival sacri- 
fice Ma 1.2,3. 

Njn m. terror, trembling Is. 19, 17. 

ijn (pi. iai^jn) m. 1) locust, grass- 
hopper Lev. 11,22.— .2>j)r.n.Ezr.2,46 

riijn pr. w. M. Ezr. 2, 45; = NJJn 

Neh. 7, 48. 

^}ri {2 pi. DpJin ; fut. inj , i??. ^Jin;i ; 

pt. J j"n ; z'nip. f. ^Jn ; m/'. jPI) prop, 
to turn in a circle, hence: 1) to 
reel, to be giddy 1l3?>3 13;i:;i IJin; 
they reel and stagger lilce a 
drunken man Ps.107,27.— 2) to 
dance CJJrn. D^nlt*1 D"''73K they 
were eating and drinking and 
dancing IS.30,16.— 3) to move 
in a procession, to keep a festival, 
to celebrate JJin ]iDn a multitude 
moving in a procession (or: festive 

multitude) Ps,42,5; jn inJ< nrj:ir\) 

and ye shall keep (celebrate) it 

a feast Lev.23,41; ri)in ^"p^] ''■SQ 

celebrate thy feasts, Judah! 


n^Ti ace. Fuerst: to cut in, to split, 

to bore into a rock. 
Ijn (only pi. c. Vi^O) *»• cleft, ravine 

j/^g-iun the clefia of the rock 

'^b. 3!'Cant. ? " 

lUn adj. girded; c. pi. llTK n.i^Q 
girded with girdles Bz,23,15. 

"iljn (sf. ^liJn) m. girdle i'^D liJ[> 
a girdle with a sword 28.20,8. 

mijn (l>t. n'ljq) Z'. girdle, apron. 

'Jin pr. n. a prophet whose wri- 
tings form part of the sacred 

'iin F'. n. m Oen.46,16 a. Num.26 
15 (in the latter passage also a» 

(Tiin pr. n. m. 

T^IU p". w. "Wife of David. 

'jjn (M "I'-^O- ; i^*- i.J'n ; v^' p- tiJII; 

«)»p. *lijin , i^i. 'n^H; m/'. I'jl!) i^ 
to bind about, to gird DriN r)"!Jn) 
£2j3tJ and thou shalt girdle them 
wiih girdles Ex.29,9; T];^^ IJO 
gird thy sword Ps.45,4; nB*nn lUg 
girded with a new [sword] 2S.21, 
16; proverbially: I.Jn 'r.^nni. SiJ 
nnsp? let not him that girdeth 
on I the armour] boast himself 
as he that putteth it off IK.20,11; 
with pp to put on sackcloth as 
a sign of mourning Is. 15,3, etc.; 
fig. n'-jnp iV} she girdeth 
her ioins with strength Pr.B1.17; 
r\yy.r}B n^V^^ ^'''^ the hiUs are 
girded with joy Ps.65,13.— 2J 
=yT\ to tremble, to quake ^IJinil 
Dnin|p2p and they shall trem'lilu 
(fear) out of their close places 
28.22,46 i=DD''Di"i^pa!? ^J"1D13 Ps. 




TH I. (from Itin ; f. njO) adj. sharp 
iT^D ■3'nD a sharp sword Bz.5,1. 

nn II. same as Ch. in, Heb. nns 
one Ez.33,30. 

^^ Ch. (/'. Nin, nnn) «««. one ''t 

]in4P nn 'PK'JT of whom Daniel 
was one Dan. 6,3; before another 
cardinal number: a time ny^D' in 
seven times (sevenfold) Dan. 3,19; 
sometimes used as indefinite ar- 
ticle: N^Jtt' in ch'i a great image 
Dan.2,31; Kin N'lJii! a letter Ezr. 
4,8; also as ordinal number: rijC'S 
iS'T^'r nnn in the first year 'of 
Cyrus Ezr. 5, 13 ; nins (=Heb. 
insi?) at once Dan.2,35. 
nin {Spl nn 1) to be sharp (see 
Hiph.-).— 2) to be fierce •'5«ta nn 
311J they are more fierce than 
the evening wolves Hab.1,8. 

Hiph. nnn (f%t. nn^i, -^nn^;) 
to sharpen tJ'''Ki in; '^Hsa "^pa 

insjl \3B in^ iron sharpeneth iron: 
80 a man sharpeneth the coun- 
tenance of his friend Pr.27,17. 

Soph, inin to be sharpened J^ri 
ninin a sword is sharpened Bz. 
*T7n pr. TO. m. 

mn C/ttt aj). 'inM to be glad, to 
Pi. nin (fwi. n'nn'.) to make glad 

Ti''JB-nK nnp2>? 'in-inn thou hast 

made him glad with joy by thy 
presence Ps.21,7. 

Tl'^n rn. sharp point; pi. c. n.nn 

tihn sharp-pointed potsherds (of 
the scales of the crocodile) Jb. 

nrin (from nnn) Ch. a. Heb. /. joy. 

i'tnCh.(Heb.n}n;s/'.\7inn) m. breast. 

inn pr. n. a city in Benjamin. 


'^'in a. '?in (/Mt. ':'3n;, jji. I'^IOI; 
imp. hm., pi. "hin; inf. ^iq) 1) 
to cease, to leave off "l^^Q 7in 
the rain ceased Ex. 9,34; rii\'l'? "7 "H 
it ceased to be Gen. 18,11; 1*7111 
TJl they cease from troubling 
Jb.3,17; laipS liSin we left off to 
burn incense Jer.44,18; ^in^, N7 
ft!¥? ^^i?.P r^l.?* the poor 'shall 
never cease out of the land Deut. 
15,11; laiS Sin^J! she left speak- 
ing R.1,18; J?in I*?!!! cease to do, 
evil Is.1,16.— 2) with », 10: to 
let alone, to desist from, to for- 
bear, to withdraw ''JSID Sin let 
me alone Jb.7,16; "jD ''?« '"Jiaj 
nijilXil let my father desist from 
caring for the asses IS. 9,5; JlSini 
T> ity.D and wouldest forbear to 
help him Ex.23,5; r\Wvb. Sin he 
forbeareth to keep [the passoverl 
Num.9,13; DIXH ]p DgS iSin witli- 
draw yourselves from man Is ,2, 
22. — 3) to forbear, to leave un- 
done, not to do SiriK DN ...riSsn 

shall I go... or shall I forbear 
(i. e. not go)? IK.22,6; i:;i?B>;-Dl< 
^Sin^."DK1 whether they will hear, 
or whether they will forbear (i. e. 
not hear) Ez.2,5. 
t'Tn (c. Sin) adj. 1) forsaken, re- 




jected CE^ifJ '7in forsaken by men 
Is.53,3.— 2) frail •>:« "rnn HD. how 
frail I am Ps.39,5.— 3) forbear- 
ing Sin\ Snnm jtdb*'' v^Wn he 

that heareth, let him hear; and i 
he who is forbearing, let him 
forbear Ez.3,27. 

biri , ^ '?nn i= n'?n) »». world ■'its*!-' 

...|v IT .!■ ••: 

■Jin the inhabitants of the world 
Is.38,11 (Qes. andPuerst: grave). 
''bin pr- n. m. 2Chr.28,12. 

p'rn to be prickly or sharp, whence 

the next word. 
p"|n , pJiH »»• prickly thorn Mic.7,4; 

hT>lT\ p- n. the river Tigris Gen. 2,14. 

T7n to enclose, to surround; n"!!inn 
Dri'7 Ez.21,19 aco. Ges.: the sword 
which besiegeth them (Bug. Bible' 
which entereth into their privy 

Iin (c. inn ; sf. iTjg -, pi. n''^^^ , c. 

"I'iin) 1) chamber, room3|^an nnq 
bedchamber 2S.4,7; TVipm "liq 
cool-chamber fsummer chamber) 
Jud.3,24; with H loc. niinn X jn 
and he entered into the chamber 
Gen.43,30; inn? THD a chamber 
within a chamber, i. e. an anner 
chamber 2K.9,2; fig. jDi nnO the 
chambers of the belly, i. e. the 
Innermost breast Pr.18,8; nil? ■'IID 
the chambers of death, i. e. the 
grave 7,27; ]p''n ''^"IG the cham- 
bers of the south, i. e. its remo- 
test recesses Jb.9,9. 
TTTin pr. n. an unknown country 
mentioned in Zch.9,1; ace. some: 

tJ'*"!!! to be fresh, new, young (_Kcd 
not used). 

Pi. E'^n (fut. B':in^.; imp. ^yv 
to renew, to restore \JS tt'.lDril 
HDIX and thou renewest the face 
ot\he earth Ps.l04,30i ...tJ'nmi 
n31'?Sn and let us renew... the 
kingdom IS.11,14. 

Hithp. cnnrin to be renewed, 
to renew oneself, to make one- 
self young again Tt?'!? tyinnJJl 
^Jl^iyJ thy youth is renewed like 
the eagle's Ps.103,5. 

JJ.'"in adj. new tJ>nn D)2 a new house 

T T "^^ . 

Deut.22,8; U>nn t]'25 a new king 
:Ex.1,8; HB'nn nf « a new wife 
Deut.24,5; CB'^D. Cll"?.?? new gods 
Jud.5,8; substantively: something 
new or fresh 1K''ViPl trnn \J2I? ]^;3 
and ye shall bring forth the old 
because of the new (of grain) 
Lev.26,10; f. HB'nn a new thing 
Is.43,19; pi. nitrnq new things 

syln {.sf. iB^niii pi. c^f^n, c. "i^in)' 

m. 1) new moon, day of the new 
moon tyin "iniO to-morrow is the 
newmoomlS.20,18;itJ*^n3 B'in''n!? 
from one new moon to another 
Is.66,23.— 2) month D'^DJ ly'nn a 
month's time Gon.29,14; ^"p tTKT 
the beginning (i. e. the first day) 
of a month; D3''B'"in ^C^Nn^l and 
in the beginning of your months 
B-'in pr. n. f. lChr.8,9; gent, ""^in 
2 S .24,6. 

T T": 



Hw "in pr. n. a city in Judah. 

T T -; 

JTin Ch, (=Heb. trip ; def. Nrnp) 

adj. new. 
S*in Ch. see H^q. 

2TI prop to be bound, to be in- 
debted (morally), hence Pi. yjl 
to make guilty, to endanger Dri^ini 
rf?!^'': ^tt'NTnS and ye would en- 
danger my head with the king 
Dan. 1,10. 

itn m. debt i"'U'; Jin in';bn he 

restoreth his pledge for a debt 
Bz, 18,7. 
n^Sln iJ*"- n. a place north of Da- 



Jl|n (akin to JJn ; pret. jn) to de- 
scribe a circle, to enclose, to en- 
compass; D^D'^jB",!? Jn ph ace. 
Fuerst: be drew a circle about the 
waters (Eng. Bible: he bath encom- 
passed the waters with bounds). 

J^n ™- circle, circuit, compass Jin 
Yl^i^ the circle of the earth Is. 
40,22; D'D^* Jin the circuit of 
heaven Jb.22,14; \J3-'?i? Jin ipn3 
DiniT when he set a compass 
(bounds) upon the face of the 
depth rr.8,27. 

Tin {pret. nn ; fut. Hin^ ; ''mp ITi) 
1) to knot, whence HTh riddle, 
parable. — 2) joined with HTn 
to propose a riddle Jud. 14,12 or 
lo propose a parable Ez.17,2. 

nin I. to live. — Pi. to animate, 
whence pr. n. T\T\ , which Gen. 3, 
20 explains by''n"'?3 DN the mother 
of all living, 

nin II. Pi. nin {fid. nin^- verb. n. 
pip) to shew, to declare "Hin^ 
riS?T he declaret.h knowledge Ps. 
19,3; Djn.^ ''Vl riinn KTNI and I 
was afraid to shew you mine 
opinion Jb.32,6; with sf. Tjinx I 
will shew thee 15,17. 

mn a. N^n Ch. Pa. N'ln (fut. Kin^.; 
sf. ''JJin^) to shev/, to declare 
«.1D'^. i^^i^i ^'5!?'?^ and I will shew 
unto the king the interpretation 
Dan.2,24; ^:m\ nirsi and he 
will shew me the interpretation 
thereof 5,7. 

Aj}h. KlQil ifi^t illDilV, i™'P- pi 
iinn ; inf n^inn) to sh-^'w, to de- 
clare n''inn^ ''?2v xs'-d n'^o si 

TT-;- : - T ; - - • 

that can shew the king's matter 
Dan.2,10; |in.nn nTC'31 N'O'^n |ni 
but if ye shew the dreaui and the 
interpretation thereof v. 6, 

njn {pi. nini f l) vlUage, hamlet.— 
2) pr. n. of the first woman Gen. 
3,20 (see nin I.). 

''Tin pr. n. m. 

ni'n {pi. □''Din a. Cmn) m. i) thorn.— 
2) hook.— n^lin2 2Chr.33,ll ace. 
Stb. in fetters; others: among the 

t2in Ch. to bind, to join (Ar. £2Nn 
to sew).— Aph. tans (fut. Dm) to 
strengthen, to repair 1£2*m KJ^'S'l 
and they strengthened the foun- 
dations Ezr.4,12. 

tOin w. thread, cord tSinS as a thread 
Jud. 16,12; ijf n tSin njf^n the line 
of scarlet thread Jo8.2,18; am 



^h'pjpn a threefold cord Ec.4,12. 
'!|n pr. n. Hivitee, a Canaanitic 

ilTin l"*- w. name of an unknown 

country; ace. some: a district in 

Arabia; others; India. 

^^n a. "^^n {pret. Sg ; fut. Sin; , bh; , 
"^^n; , h ^5.1 ; imp. 'nn , f. ''':in , pi. 

^S'^n; inf.h^n) 1) to turn in a 
circle, to dance nivnas 71117 to 
dance in dances Jud. 21, 21.— 2) to 
twist, to writhe, to be pained 
''3'7 rfi^''p. nS^nN l am pained at 
my very heart J''r.4,19 (=n';"nK); 
]^^V. ill/l^'S they shall be in pain 
as a woman that travaileth Is. 
13,8.— 3) to tremble '^"'n; ''^h 
"ija^i^a my heart is trembling 
within me Ps. 55, 4; fn^ '''Tin 
tremble, thou earth Ps.114,7. — 
4) to fall or be hurled' upon, to 
> be;laid, to stay, to abide C>Nl'7r 
'rim O'lytrn it shall fail upon the 
head of the wicked Jer. 23, 19; 
VlWa 3in nijn; and the sword 
shall abide on his cities Hos.11,6; 
D''T' n3 iSn nSi and no hands 

•TT T T : 

were laid on her Lam.4,6. — 5) 
to be strong, firm, stable ti''n;^ 
Va'^l his ways are flrm (i. e, his 
affairs prosper), ,Ps,10,5V 'j^-nS 
iiltD his good shall not be stable 
Jb.20,21.— 6) to wait, to hope 
(=':n^, which see) TV ''D^J and 
I he wlited yet Gen.8,10; iv ibv^l 
&'t3 and they waited till they 
were late Jud.3,25, DOm. S^li;'!. iiD 
U is good that one should wait 

(hope) in silence Lam.3,26. 

Pi- ^bl^^ (fut hh^n)) 1) to turn 
in a circle, to dance; pt. f. pi 
niS'piriD those that danced Jud. 
21,23.— 2) to bear a child, tc 
bring f orthDjSHnri n'lV b^ ...•crn 
look... unto Sarah that bare you 

is,5i,2; v':o ''bv.i nil AV ^vy^ 

il^pn ni'^^b* '■Sin knowest thou the 
time when the wild goats of the 
rock give birth? or canst thou 
mark when the hinds bring fortli? 
Jb.39,1; hence also: to form, to 
create m2 mi iT n^Sin his hand 
hath formed the flying serpent 

jb.26,13; h;ir!\ fiK SS^nnj thou 

hadst formed the earth and the 
world Ps.90,2; ^!j'?'ni? Sn God that 
created thee Deut.32,19; of the 
wind: to bring forth SSin^ ]iBV nn 
CVi the north wind bringeth forth 
rain Pr.25,23; rt'^'n? Is.51,9 be- 
longs to-7_n.— 3) to cause to 
start, to terrify niSjS SSim. '';. Sip 
the voice of the Lord cause; h 
the hinds to start Ps.29,9 (Eng 
Bible: causeth the hinds to calve, 
i. e. to bring forth; comp. SS'n 
niS^N Jb.39,1 quoted above).— 4) 
to wait, to hope iS S.'^inril and dn 
thou wait for hjm Jh.35,14, 

Pm. T^in 1) to be born, to be 
brought forth "'Jl^Sin p^? in 
iniquity was I brought forth Ps. 
51,7. — 2) to be started, terrified 
Jb.26,5; SSinr? Is 53,5 l.'rom SSn . 

Hiph. S'liin" (fMi. Sifi;) to cause 
to tremble, to shak& S''inj.V:''P 
1310 the voice of the Lord 

shaketh the wilderness Ps.29,8- 

Hoph. 7nn to be brought forth, 
created 'I^^^ Qi''? fl^ "^nrq shall 
a land be created in one day ? 
(Eng. Bible: shall the earth be 
made to bring forth in one day?)- 

mthp. I. SSinnn (pt. hh'inn'D) i) 

to whirl oneself '7.'?inriD "ll'D a 
whirling storm Jer.23,19.— 2) to 
writhe with pain NIH :;;^5 ''^]-h2 
77.inril? the wicked man writheth 
with pain all his days Jb. 15,20,— 
3) to hope, to wait '?f:innni ■>^h Dil 
be silent before the Lord, and 
wait patiently before him Ps. 37. 7. 
mthp. II. redupl. '70. nriH to be 
terrified im nsh^T] "^n^nnni and 
the queen was exceedingly ter- 
rified Est.4,4. 

?in pr. n. m. 

Pl'n m. sand. 

Din to be burnt, blackened, whence 
pr. n. Dn and adj. Din . 

Qin adj. brown, swarthy. 

?lOTn (c. DDin; pi. niain) f. en- 
closure, wall riQin T^y a walled 
city Lev.25,29 HDin I^Sn' nvns T'S? 
^, city that is broken down, with- 
out a wall Pr.25,28; fig. defence 
1J\':i? 1^^ HDin they were a wall 
(i. e. a defence) unto us 1S.25, 
16; of a chaste maiden difficult 
of access Oant.8,9; dii. n,''|riiDin of 
the two walls of Jerusalem on 
the south side 2K.25,4. 

S'n {pret. ncn , 2 npn ; fut. Din; , 

Onj , ap. Dny, pt. on ; tmp. HDin) | 

156 yvi 

to commiserate, to pity, to spare 
Q.niK-N'71 DinN-N'71 nor will I 
spare, nor have mercy Jer.13,14; 
ri^''i?0"'?y npn thou hast had pitj 
on the gourd Jon.4,10; '71"'??? DHJ 
he shall spare the poor Ps.72,13; 
usually with ]^.JJ: nri'' /.V. ''J"'?? Dnni 
and mine eye spared them Ea, 
20,17; nr!\'?5? ^yV. Dinn iih thine 
eye shall have no pity on them 
Deut,7,16; once with the omission 
of 1':^: ^\^^ [\J''?J1 Dnnj but [mine 
eye] had pity on thee IS. 24,11. 

flTn (from S]Sn) m. coast, shore; 

QS^in pr. n. son of Benjamin Num. 
26,39 =n''Sn Gen.46,21; pair. ''DSin, 

pn (=r^n) to cut off, to part off, 
to separate, to divide; whencd 

pn (pi. ni^in , nivg) m. prop, wall 
of separation, hence: 1) street 
D'lSNn fin the bakers' street Jer 
37,21.— 2) place out of a city; 
country, field fit? Hfy x'?'!?/ 
nlYin^ while as yet he had not 

' made the earth, nor the fields 
Pr,8,26; with n loc. nvin , also 
def. n^inn abroad; pnn Jud.l9, 
25 =nvinn.— 3) adv. without, 
abroad {*in nn^lD born abroad 
Lev.18,9; finpi'ri:;3p within and 
without Gen.6,14; n"'!?-' finO with- 
out the city 19,16; r\?mh fini? 
out of the camp Deut.23,11; with 
tt: besides, except ''JlBD pn be- 
sides me Ec.2,25 (Eng. Bible: mora 
than 1 1. 

pin 157 

pTi to enclose, to embrace, hence 

p!|n Ps.74,11 Ktib for p'^Pl, which 


Tin I. to be white , hence *1in ; fig. 
to be shining, noble, whence Hn I. 
a. iin I. 

'lin II. to hollow out, hence lin II. 
a. 1in IJ. 

^TI (fut. liri.J) to be white, to grow 
pale nin^.VJE his face shall grow 
pale 18.29,22. 

"iln I. in (only pi. nnh a. nnin . 

c. ''nn) m. free-born person, noble- 
man nnnn-S^.i D"i:pfn-'7tj to the 

elders and to the nobles IS. 21,8; 
D''"lin"|5 the son of nobles Be. 

•ninn.incijLDnin, c. n.nsf.inn, 

Vtl^nn) «*. 1) hole, opening. — 2) 
den of wild beasts Nab.2,13.— 3) 
socket of the eye njpSFI 11^''^ 
]n''^n3 their eyes shall consume 
in their sockets Zch. 14,12. 

*1!in I- m. white linen, white cloth. 

liin II. in (=*lin II. ; pi. Qilin) m. 
hole iqi ig hv on the hole of 
the asp L.ll's; D^? Dnins they 
are all of them in holes (i. e. 
prisons) Is.42,22. 

^!|n pr. n. 1) husband of Miriam, 
sister of Moses. — 2) & king of 
Midian and other persons. 

i-lfn (=1in I.) m. white cloth, 
white linen clothes. 

"''yan pr. n. m. lChr.11,32, for which 
iin 28,23,30. 

niTi , D^'D a. ni"in pr. n. 1) a king 
of Tyre, contemporary of Solo- 
mon.— 2) a Tyrian artificer who 
was a Danite on his mother's 
side; ^''^N Dlin 2Chr.2,12 a. D^in 
ViS 4,16. — 3) another person 
mentioned in lChr.8,5. 

ITin pr. n. Hauran, a region south 
of Damascus, west of jSlJ and 

'^'!\n (pret. ipn , 1 '';iE>n ; fvjt. B'ln; , 

ap. ^npl ; imp. n^iri) to flee, to 
make haste, to speed tPPl "lg*.53 
73Si2 as the eagle that hasteth 
to eat Hab.1,8; IdS niTiJia B*n the 
future speedeth along for them 

Deut.32,35; ^rinDriDon vh\ ^r^tm 

I made haste and delayed not 
Ps.119,60; ''Sj'inDiD-'::? wtr\ or 
if my foot hath hasted to deceit 
Jb.31,5; ''7 nB>in make haste unto 
me Ps.70,6; rT^'Tl Ps.71,12 Ktib for 
ntt'^n ; pt. p. pi. D''tt'n ready for 
battle Num.32,17; fig.' a) of inter- 
nal haste, emotion or impulse; 
13 ''E-'in liayj because of my 
hasting within me (i. e. my emo- 
tion) Jb.20,2. h) of the appetites 
or enjoyments: trin; ^121 ^3N'' ''D 
who can eat, or who is hasty 
(i. e. eager to enjoy) Ec. 2, 25 
(Stb. and others: who can feel). 

Hiph. ty'Tin (fut. tt>"'Itl) to haste, 
to make haste 1t2>''0n 3nNri] and 
the liers in wait hasted Jud. 
20,37; B*"i|:i; ^^ X'^W2 be that 




believeth shall not make haste 
Is. 28, 16 (Stb.: shall not be trou- 
bled); tr. to hasten ^nti'l/'G nrip"' 

let him hasten bis work Is. 5, IS; 
■^'p £:?|p nB'''nN l would hasten my 
escape Ps. 55, 9 (Fuerst: 1 hasten 
to a place of refuge}; HI^'TK r\r.V2 
1 will hasten it in its time Is. 60,22. 
^5^'^^ ^r.n.m. lChr.4,4=-m!y 4,11; 

pair. T'jg 2 S. 21, 18 a. ''r^^n 

1 Chr. 20, i. 
''P'^n pr. n. m. ^ S. 15, 32. 

D''12'^n pr. n. TO. Gen.46,23 =nnitr 

□ 'i-'lil pr. n. an Edomite king IChr. 

1.45 ==D^r;i Gen,36,34. 

mn see nnn. 

Onln m. 1) seal, signet-ring Onin 
"IV a Arm seal Jb.41,7; Dnin loh 
seal-clay 38,14. — 2) pr. n. m. 

7XTn pr. n. a Syrian king IK.19,15 

='?.s'n]n 2K.8,8. 

NTH Ch. see ntn. 

run (from nn; /•«! ntm., op. tn^:: 
1 rns, '^rns; 3^)?. pno;; «top. ; inf. nirn ; ^t. nfn , 'j^z. Qifn) 

ij to penetrate, to pass through 
nj.n.|'.,.n''Jii<. n''2 it passeth through 
the place of stones Jb.8,17. — 
3) to comprehend, to see, to be- 
hold ni'rN njnK ^'ifSp m my flesh 
shall I 'see ' God Jb. 19, 26; irQ 
D\'l':'t<l. ni?i[?0 behold the works' 
of God Ps 46,9; with "^y or '? : to 
see prophetically, to prophesy 
iTJin^. h'i nm he saw (prophesied) 

concerning Judah Is. 1,1; ^''.f*''?^ 
'^Sni HW rfl m thy prophets have' 
seen (prophesied) vain and fool-, 
ish things for thee Lam.2,14; with 
J : to look upon, to gaze upon, 
to observe T]3 ntnJ] th-at we may 
look upon thee Cant 7,1; Cinn 
D''33i33 those who gaze upon or 
observe the stars, stargazers Is. 
47,13.— 3) to select nnn T thou 
hast selected a place 57,8; 

nyn~73p ntnn nmi and thou 

shalt select (Eng. Bible: provide) 
out of all the people Ex.18,21, 

nm a. Nrn Ch. {pt. n»n, pi. inn; 

pt. p. ntn ; inf. SltnO) to see, to 

behold ntn •'T h'j ri-jh^'in ...Nri3> 

to heat it... seven times more 
than seen (i. e. than It was wont 
to be heated) Dan.3,19. 

HTn (c. ntq ; pi. nifn) m. breast of 

(ITn (from nm) m. i; seer, prophet 
(c. ntn).— 2) covenant, agreement 
nj.n WiB>r "^Ix^ DV we have made 
a covenant with hell Is.28,15. 

ftn pr. n. m. 

1m Ch. (sf. no.itq) f look, sight,' 
visibility Nyi.\?-'?3S nnifni and 
the sight thereof to the end of 
all the earth Dan.4,17. 

*Tn Ch. idef KW; sf. '^im, nit.D; 
c. pi. \)]J1) m. 1) vision i^'^'h Wn 
night visions Dan.7,7.— k) look, 
form, appearance "]P 31 mrn*. 
i'^D^'t'C! and its form was greater 


than that of its companions Dan. 

]lTn (c. ]i'n) m. vision, prophecy, 
revelation "'2^ ^^IJ ]^in a vision 
appeared unto me Dan. 8,1; ptn 
^ID a vision from the Lord Lam. 
2,9; f^S: ]itn ]''« prophecy was 
not extended IS.3,1 (Eng. Bible; 
there was no open vision). 

JTiTH (c. nifn) f. vision, revelation 

n^TH/'.-?^ vision, revelation Is.21,2.— 
2) appearance, sight Hitn ]nf3. a 
sightly horn Dan.a,5; jr^nN mtn 
four sightly [horns] v. 8. — 3) 
covenant ':iH!i'-r,^ D^nvni and 
your covenant with hell ls.28,18; 
comp. ntn above . 

Tin to separate, to cut asunder; 
whence n r n , fjq. 

iT'Tri pr. n. m. 


w. vision, revelation ]"i\in D'i7P3 
n''^^ in a dream, in a vision of 
th'e night Jb.33,15 D"'l!?i?|n ^vyi 
ij^tnD t^"^! the prophets shall be 
ashamed every one of his vision 
Zch.13,4; ]iMn N\.5 the valley of 
vision (.the lower part of Jeru- 
salem) Is.22,1 a. 5. 
ftn (from »tn; c. fjn) w. bolt, flash 
of lightning r\'hp rVD lightning 
of thunders, thunder-'flash Jb.28, 
27; pi D^nn Zch.lO,L 

159 pTH 

T'TM p^' I"'- "*. 

T'tn (from itn) »i. swine, boar "l^.d 

ir^D the boar out of the wood 


pm f/M*. piD.;, pLn.j; imp. pid, pl 

ipiD ; inf. jitq a. Hp^tn) i; to be 
made tight DSn.piO iptOJ. ]g lest 
your bands be made tight Is.28, 
22.— 2) to hold fast, to adhere 
firmly n'jNa Itl'KT pipM and his 
head caught hold of the terebinth 
2S.18,9; iig. to hold fast ]iLD^ 
il niin? iprp.: that they might 
hold fast to the law of the Lord 
20hr.31,4 (Eng. Bible: that they 
might be encouraged in the law 
of the Lord). — 3) to be strong, 
to be strengthened (^p.^ be 
strong and of good courage Deut. 
31,7; pp.1 pin be strong, yea, bs 
strong Dan. 10,19; Tjn.; n^pLM 
thy hands shall be strengthened 
Jud.7,11; hence of health: to re- 
cover, to strengthen pjD..'I H^n 
he had been sick and was re- 
covered Is.39,1; np;n': ...niK?"! rijnS 
to apply remedies. . to make it 
strong Ez.80,21; with ]!?: to be 
stronger than, to prevail over 
''i7^;Sn-]!? nn pin.'J and David 
prevailed over the Philistine IS. 
17,50; with '7SJ: to be strong above 
yhv pjn."'.! and he shall be strong 
above him Dan. 11,5; also with 
accus.: 'rSinj ''JriRin thou art 
stronger than I and hast pre- 
vailed Jer20,7.— 4) to be hard 
a^in Dil\'?5? pip the famine was 




hard on them Gen.47,20 (Eng. 
Bible: the famine prevailed over 
them); DD/^i"? ''!?V ''P-"5 your words 
have been hard against me Mai. 
3,13.— 5) to be firm "151 pLp.^J! 
JNii-Sx tj^^n and the king'-s word 
was firm against Joab 28.24,4: 
(Eng. Bible: prevailed against). 

Pi. pjn {fut. pmp 1) to make 
strong, to strengthen D^JTlD pj.n 
to make [thyl loins strong Nah. 
2,2; M^)m. ^£?.;^^1 and I will 
strengthen him with thy girdle 
Is.22,21; of a city: to fortify ^pn 
Tjnv:?!? fortify thy strongholds 
Nah. 3,14; of a building: to repair 
^::ID Pl|. n^ pin"? to repair the 
breaches of (he house 2K.22,5; 
withT: to strengthen one's power, 
to enconrage VT'DN 1p-tn Ig'K 
"l^n^'ilf? i-\ih who had strength- 
ened his hands (i. e. encouraged 
him) to slay his brothers Jud.9, 
24; niia^ Dnn.l \p'(rv^ and they 
strengthened their |^own| hands 
{i. e, they took courage) for the 
good work Neh.2,18; with T3 : to 
help, to assist ■''':33 Dn^l''3^p|n 
f|95. they aided them with vessels 
of silver Ezr.1,6.— 2) to harden, ; 
to make obstinate 137"^^< pjnx 
I shall harden his heart Ex.4,21; 
y!?gp Dn\JS IpID they have made 
their faces harder than a rock 
Jer.5,3; ^^1 I^T iot^'IpJD: ace. Ges. 
they are obstinate in wickedness 
P8,64,6 (Eng. Bible; they encourage 
themselves in an evil matter). 

Hiph. pirnrj (fut. p\tm \pt. pnnn ; 

««/■. pMQD , PJ.QO) 1) to hold fast, 
to fasten 13 "r^^Xn^, •'pVOD fasten 
thine hand upon him (i. e. hold 
him in thine hand) Gen. 21, 18. — 

2) to seize, to take hold of ?]p.''t.nD 
rU pangs have seized thee Mlc. 
4,9; np;tnn tstj^ trembling hath 
taken hold on her Jer.49,24; nSB* 
''jriii.\tnri astonishment hath taken 
hold of me 8,21; with 3 : to catob 
by, to hold fast iJ(^t3 "'niriQni 1 
caught him by his beard 18.17,35; 
n'-ai.ria IpnOD they hold fast de- 
ceit Jer.8,5; with h : to lay hold 
of "h pE*:i. iS pnnn] he laid hold 
of him, and kissed him 28.15,5. — 

3) to make strong, to strengthen 

'?5| T]5;g ninrn{< ^npmni but i 

will strengthen the arms of Ba- 
bylon Ez.30,25; of a building: to 
repair T]pn3 \Ttn5 those who re- 
pair thy rents 27,9 (Eng. Bible: 
thy ealkers); m<r. to become strong, 
fobe strengthened nSyaS ir p\t.nn 
he became exceedingly strong 
2Chr.26,8.— 4) to relieve, to help, 
to sustain (with 3) ...;]^nN' T11D^"''5i 
is fi^ipni and if thy brother is 
become poor... thou shalt relieve 
him Lev. 25, 35; HDinn n3«Spa 
■'Jili^lGi'l riWn I have sustained the 
work of this wall Neh.5,16 (Eng. 
Bible: I continued in the work of 
this wall); i": tij^o'^l p\™^ as a 
helper and a defence to him Dan. 
11,1.— 5) to hold, to keep nnxi 
rhfr\ npipS and the other held* 
a weapon Neh.4,11; also with i : 
D'^nO'll D^pvqa D;VD1, and half ol 




them held the spears v. 15; of 
anger: to retain iSN Tjh^'? 
he retalneth not his anger for 
ever i\lic.7,18; of measure: to hold, 
to contain n^St? Ci^ia pijnD 
T5^ D'S?S it held and contained 
three thousand baths 2Chr,4,5. 

Hithp. pjniirii) to be strengthen- 
ed, to strengthen oneself pTnri » J 
1n«'?D-'?5?'^t? and Solomon 
was strengthened in his kingdom 
2Chr.l,l; '^'K'T.if''. pl.nn'.l and Israel 
strengthened himself Gen. 48, 2; 
with 3: to encourage oneself 
^15 lITpfflnJlliutDavia encouraged 
himself in the Lord IS.30,6; with 
^3J3 : to show oneself valiant 
IJsij nra pjnnJI and let us show 
ourselves valiant for our people 
2S. 10, 12; with DM to hold with, 
to help Dan. 10, 21. 

pm (pi m. D^-?|n, c. ''pin; f. np^t.n) 
adj 1) strong, firm, powerful; of 
the wind: violent; in the sense of 
a noun: p'na with might Is. 40,10. — 
2) stiff, obdurate, bold iS "'ptp 
stiffhearted, obdurate of heart Bz. 
2,4; nvp"''|7Tri bold of forehead (i. e. 
impudent) 3,7. 

pjn adj. strong, powerful, vaxing 
s'trong Ex 19,10 a. 2S.3,1. 

pTn («/". ^"!0) f- strength, might 

pTh (sf. ^Ji?.J.n) m. strength, might 
11 pin? by strength of hand Kx. 
13,16. ' 

npTH (prop. verb, n.; c. Jljltn) f. the 

being or becoming strong, strength 
^3/ n3| ^rifJtnS in his becoming 
strong (when he became strong) 
his heart was lifted up 2Chr.26, 
16; n2>r3 inj^tn? in his being 
strong in his wealth (by his 
strength through his riches) Dan. 
11,2) TH nptnain the being strong 
of his hand (i.e. with the strength 
of his spirit) Is.8,11. 

npTM f- 1) strengthening, repair- 
ing (of a building) 2K. 12,13.— 2) 
force, might, violence; nj^triS Jon. 
3,8 with might, Ez.34,4 violently, 
Jud.8,1 vehemently. 

n*PTH pr. n. 1) king of Judah 2K. 
^chapters 18 a. 20 =:in>pT.n 2K.16, 

20, in;ptn:_ is.1,1 a. n^pin^ Hos. 

1,1.— 2"i ancestor of the prophet 

Zephaniah,— S) name of several 

"other persons. 

")tn ace. Fuerst to be strong (aco. 

Stb. prob. to be bristle-like), hence 

nn (=nin; sf. ''rn\pi. nTin, c. "inn) 

m. hook, ring.— D"!!'!! Ez.29,4 Ktib 
for DTin . 

pi. Q^ifm ; pt. f. nn^n ; inf. KtSQ , 
once itsn. ; verb. n. sf inXIDIl) 1) to 
miss, to' fail Ktsin Dl'^^'n? 'fN he 
that hasteneth with his feet miss- 
eth [the right path] Pr.19,2; iN^n 
ia'W DDn whosoever misseth me 
harmeth his own soul 8,36 (Eng. 
Bible: he that siraneth against mo 




etc.); NBpn nSi r\\: nipsi thou 

shalt visit thy habitation, and 
shalt miss nothing Jb.5,24. -- 2) 
to sin ^li ^■^^'^^ I have sinned 
against the Lord 28.12,13; with 
NiiQ or nsan : to commit a sin 
Lam.1,8 a. Lev.4:,3. — 3) to bear 
blanis DiD'n-':3 TiS \-;N'am then 

•T- T 1; • T T ; 

will I bear the blame all my life 
Gen.+S.O. — 4) to commit XUHI 
NDn ip ilO|' he shall bring 
[as a sacrifice for] his trespass, 
which he hath committed Lev. 5,7 
(comp. v. 11). — 5) to take away 
sinfu lly !:'1pn-]is K^n -i^'Nt ns; what 
he hath talfen away sinfully of 
the holy things Lev 5,15 lEng. 
Bible: for the harm he hath done 
in the holy thing).— 6) to forfeit, 
to endanger IB'SJ ^'l?^n he for- 
feiteth his soul Pr.20,2. 

Pi. Xan (fut. tiBr\\ , l with sf. 
ni^m for nJKEriK) h to bear the 
loss of Gen. 31,39— 2) to purge 
nnt?i<1 aiTK? 'JKBrTn purge me 
with hyssop and 1 shall be clean 

Ps.5i,9i with hv : narsH h'j nsani 

and thou shalt cleanse the altar 
Ex 29,36.— 3) to offer as a sin- 
offering Lev.6,19 a. 9,15. 

Hiph. ii'^'anr^ (fut. «''an: -, pt. 

W^DCIP) 1) to 'miss, to fail' nr.-':| 

every one could sling stones at 
a hair, and would not miss Jud. 
16,20. — 2) to cause or lead to 

siL '^s'lB^vn^ ^''^.D.n ig'ti ins^inii 

and in his sin, which he caused 
Israel to sin IK.15,26; TIO'N 1N''i;?n^ 

^^ they cause thee to sin against 
me Ex.23,33. — 3) to maJte guilty, 
to condemn lOns DIN ''N'^DnD 
they make one guilty of a word 
Is.29,21 tEng. Bible: that make 
man an offender for a word). 

Hithp. NEnrin l) to miss one's 
way, to lose oneself (from fright) 

^Ntsnn"' dnaa'D di'^'S nu'' iris'D 

at his lifting himself up the 
mighty are afraid: the waves 
miss their way Jb 41,17.— 2) to 
purify oneself Kannj nnj ips it 
shall be purified with the water 
of separation Num.31, 23. 

N*^n («/■. iN't?ri; i??. CfJ^n, c. •'Kap, 

sf. D5\'i'l^Q) in. 1) sin, transgres- 
sion, fault s'tan T]? n;ni it win be 

I sin unto thee Deut.15,9; niD Nisn 
] sin worthy of death 22,26. — 2) 
j guilt or punishment of sin iNDn 
i<'^\ he shall bear his guilt Num. 
9,13; VN'EJD hv 15| a man [com- 
plaineth] for the punishment of 
his sins Lam. 3,39. 
H^n \,pl. n''S'Ein) adj. sinful Gen. 
13,13 a. Num.32,U; f. nSBn Am, 
9,8; as a substantive: sinner, of- 
fender Ps.1,1 a. IK.1,21. 
nXtSHi)/". sin, guilt, punishment.- 

2) adj. f. of KDn , which see. 
nN*^n Ch. f. sin-offering Ezr.6,17 
(Ktib K';Bn). 

nxtan f. sin Gen.20,9.— 2) sm- 

T T -; 

offering Ps.40,7. 

nx^n ( c. riKiT , sf. \'iNffin -, j?/ rmm , 
c. niNEn a. nxDn fur nisan, «/■ 




TjilJNtan , ^yotiian) f. (m. only Gen. 
4,7) 1) sin, transgression Jer.17,1; 
sometimes: punishment for sin 
Zcli.14,19. — 2) sin-offering, sacri- 
fice for sin Lev.4,8. — 5) purifi- 
cation from sin nKEQ ^D waters 
of purification Num.8,7 
3t3n (akin to 3Vn; fut. yani; pt. 
3;in , pi. c. latjin) l) to cut, to hew 
(wood) D«ut.l9,5 a. 29,10— 2) to 
stripe, to variegate; pt. p. pi, 
niittn striped, party-colored tex- 
ture's Pr.7,16 (see also n^tpn). 
Pu. 3E)n {pt. aariD) to be 'hewn, 

sculptured hyri H"'Jnri n^^ETO 

sculptured in the model of a pal- 
ace Ps.144,12. 

n^^n {pt. p. f. of aDQ) prop, what 
is striped, hence: party-colored 
texture, tapestry; only pi. ni^PCj 
ninV? ]1t2«. tapestry of Egyptian 
yarn Pr.7,16 (Eng. Bible; with 
carved works, with fine linen of 

niSn (pi- Ct?!?, once ym Ez.4,9, 
c. ^Dri) f. wheat, grain of wheat; 
n^n 2^n fat of wheat Ps.81,17 a. 
nJSin ni"'?3 3^n kidney-fat of wheat 
Deut..S2,14 dentoe the flour and 
sugar contained therein (.also 
called n-'tsn a^n Ps. 47, 14); ''C3D 
n''ilD the wheat of the Ammonite 
city Minnith Ez.27,17. 

'an Ch. isf. TinoQ) m. sin. 

K'ISn Ch. Ktib for n«Dn, which 

t'^tSn pr. n. m. 

Q12n (akin to DDH, 000; /wt. 1 s. 
DIO.n.Ki to withhold, to restrain; 
only ls.48,9 n'?'°^Q.? T^nOl and 
for my praise will I restrain [my 
anger] for thee. (Stb., with Kimchi, 
takes DDn as den. from DCn 'nose' 
and renders it: to restrain one's 
nose, i. e. to withhold one's anger; 
accordingly DtiriK is equivalent 
to ""SX ^''"l.S^ in the parallelism). 

tlion (=^'!!in; M- ^"^D.) to snatch 
to catch D.?^ DriBtani and snatch 
youJud.21,21; •'Jy t^anS ilK.J he 
lieth in wait to catch the poor 

^ariw. shoot, twig, rod ""t), W^D '-.Dn 
a shoot out of the stem Of -Jesse. Is. 
11, 1; riT,Sl ncsh a rod of pride 
Pr. 14, 3.' 

ntSn Num. 15, 24=nNDn. 

^n 1- c^'Q. «• ^ci; f''- ^"c-i ". WO; 
f. riTi, pi. ni'n) o^j. Jj living, 

alive T- D5''ai!<. nij?n is your father 
yet alive ? Gen,43,7! TJ"'?! CN the 
mother of all the living 3, 20; "'D . 
?S living is God, i.e. God liveth 
J ij.27,2i ''j^ ''D as 1 am living Num. 
14, 21; ''^^^ ^[]5 1?*3 the well oi 
the living one (God) wno seetb 
me Gen. 16, 14; D^iJ^? "'D? by 
the living (i. e. by him who 
liveth) for ever Dan. 12.?; D'';n f "IN 
the land of the living Ez. 26.20; 



DVD nitrsri take (catch) them 
alive 1k!20,18; ''11 t!>iK 28.23,20 
Ktib for h^:^ E'lK valiant man; 
f. nr\ {ySJ a living soul.— 3) 
living again, reviving; fig. n*n ny| 
with the reviving time, i. e. at 
the same time next year Gen. 18, 
10 (Stb.: about this living time). — 
3) live, raw ''D 1K?3 raw flesh 
Lev.l3,U; see also IS.2,15.— 4) 
fresh D\*n DJD fresh (i. e. run- 
ning) water Lev. 14,15. — ''0 Gen. 
3,22 and 5,5, etc. belongs to ''^n , 
which see. 

'n II. i'^ ''n ; c. V.) m. life, health 
tj^y Tl^O? ''G the life of thy brother 
is wit,h thee Lev. 25,36 (Eng. 
Bible: that thy brother may live 
with thee); "'n': IS.25,6 for life! 
(a form of salutation); as an oath: 
,1:?1S "'n by the life of Pharaoh 
Qen.42,15; Tltl*B2 ''n by the life of 
thy soul (i. e. by thy life) 18.1, 
26; ;•: '•n by the life of the Lord 
(i. e. as the Lord liveth) 20,3. 

PI. n\>n (once i^.n Jb.24,22 ; c. 

V.Q) n"n nn the spirit of life 
Gen.6,17; ni'nn fy the tree of life 
2,9; D'';n niN the way of life Ps. 
16,11; "^jn \>n the life of vanity 
(vain life) Ec.6,12; uh^T} V.D the 
life of eternity (everlasting life) 
Dan. 12,2; •'VIO SniD aitS better is 
my death than my life (it is 
better for me to die than to live) 

Tl Ch. (def. N;n; vl- j'S. c. NJiD) 

1) adj. alive, living. — 2) m. pi. 
]i;n life. 

i^^n Ch. see n»n. 

T-; ■ 

t'NTl pr. n. m. 

yn see am. 


mTl (pi nlTin) f. riddle, parable, 

T • 

saying Csee also lin) • 
rrri ipra. 3 s. also V ; fut. r\[r^] , 

''■'0^ '^''0|V' ^^f- ^^9' ^'i?' ^^V 

i/to live Tl^^n ^0! long Jive the 
king! IS.10,24; with ':?? : to live 
hy n\nil Tl^l'ir?-'?:? by thy sword 
Shalt thou live Gen.27,40.— 2) to 
remain or be preserved alive nriini 
?]7'7J3 ''tt'SJ and my soul shall live 
(i. e. I shall remain alive) because 
of thee Gen.12,13.— 3) to revive 
ipjJ! mi •'nm and the spirit of 
Jacob revived Gen.45,27; of a sick 
person: to recover i'''rnp ''Pi'H and 
he was recovered of his sickness 
Is. 38,9; of a dead person: to live 
again, to arise from the dead DN 
nr.Diri liJ. nip; if a man die, shall 
he live again Jb. 14,14. 

Pi. HTI {fut. npl : pt. n?nD ; imp. 
n*n; inf. ni'D) l) to make alive, 
to give life, to keep alive, to 
animate, to quicken iTnri nD?nn 
5^>5?? wisdom giveth life to them 
that have it Ec.7,12; O. n1»nS to 
keep seed alive (to preserve seed) 
Gen.7,3; iJjTn Tjnni?.-:! thy word 
hath quickened me Ps. 119,50.— 

2) to make alive, to restore to 
life, to revive n>nKl DipN 'iJN I 
kill, and I make alive Deut.32;39. 


14'5 ^'0^ ''^^y shall revive the corn 
Hos.14,'8 (Bng. Bible : they shall 
revive as the corn); TIN Vn^H 
C^ilNn will they revive the stones 
Neh.3,34; IH^.^n U^iV ^'Ij^a Tj'^ys 
revive thy work in the midst of 
years Hab.3,2.— 3) to let live DN 
nj.n;i 1J?n^ if they will let us live, 
we shall live 2K.7,4. 

-ffip/i. rvnr^ [inf. n.'inn , niT-L!) 

1) to let or preserve alive Num. 
31, 18.— 2; to restore to life !VrV) 

ngn r\ii 2 k. s, 5; fig. n-n nvrinb 

d'l^SB' to revive the spirit of the 
humble Is. 57, 15. 

n''n a. . ^n («»»p. \^p) ch. to iive 

Van. 2, 4. — Aph. am (pt. NnS) 
to keep alive Dan. 5, 19. 
n^n af^- (ouly^jZ. f. ni''n) lively, vig- 
orous n|n n'lNT "3 for they are 
lively Ex. 1, 19; Rashl: expert as 
midwives, the Targum rendering 
nn*?!!? (midwives) Nn^^O. 

rrn (c. nin a in^n, sf. wn-, pZ. 


ni'D) f. 1) living being, animal, 
beast nan rrn an evil (wild) 
beast Gen.37,20; n^j: n.'D the 
•wild beast of the reeds (the 
crocodile, fig. of Egypt) Ps.68,81; 
frequently in a collective sense: 
nvin"'?! every living thing, i. e. 
aU animals Qen,7,U; HW H n^n"'?! 
all beasts of the field 2,19; "Ss 
*lS?;-in^n all heasts of the field 
Ps.50,10; '«ij"in;'n-b| all the beasts 
of the nations 'Zph.2,14.— 2) life, 
soul Dri>n D^»n3 ISV) though their 
soul were yet alive Ez.7,13; fig. 


Strength: riKVD r]T niD thou hast 
found the strength of thine hand 
Is.47,10. — 3) sustenance, food 

N'-3»n nn;s? njin thou suppUest 

the food for the young lions Jb. 

38,39.— 4) band, troop 28,23,11; 

Tjlin t*?i ninS ]riri-h^ deliver not 

the soul of tliy turtle-dove to the 

troop [of enemies] Ps.74,19. 
NVn Ch. (c. nvn, def. NnVD) f. 

beast; coll. N13 riVn the beasts of 

the field Dan.2,38. 
n^*n f. life, life-time ni'D ni:D^K 

widowhood of their entire life 


"n (=n;n ■,pret. ■'Q) ■ie'n din '•ar''? 

••n all the days of Adam, vrhich 
he lived Gen.5,5; ch'iV) ''D; h^M 
lest he eat and live for ever 3,22. 

a'»ri see ''G II. pi. 

7'n (verb) see hvi, 

7*n «». pain, pang, trembling T]p.Mnri 

^^l^^'S ^''D pangs have taken thee 
as a woman in travail Mic.4,9. 
b'^n , ^ '^."'n (from '^in 5; c. ':''n , sf. 
i'^'^ri; J)?. n''i?;n, c. \'?"'n) m. i; 

valor, strength, power "^^D ''E^JN 
men of valor, valiant men Jud. 
3,29; likewise h)r\ \J? 28.2,7; *li3^ 
7^n mighty man of power IS.9,1; 
7jn n|>S? to display valor, to do 
valiently Num.24,19; jSJl. mN^ 
D4"'n ^^0^ the flg tree and the vine 
yield their strength Jo.2,22.— 8) 
military force, army, host *18> 
T.QH the captain of the host 28. 
24,2; riyiS S^n the host of Pharaok 




Ex. 14,28; H^'^n n^5 nSHI and he 
will smite her force in the sea 
Zch.9,4.— 3) ability, virtue, hones- 
ty '?tn ^t:^ men of ability, able 
men Gen.'47,6, etc., "^^.n ntl'S a 
woman of virtue, a virtuous wo- 
man Pr,31,10; "^^n"!! an honest 
man IK.1,52.— 4) wealth, riches 
•r^n n^y to acquire wealth, to 
^et riches Deut.8,17; D^.'J ':''n ihe 
wealth of nations Is.61,9; iSin 35 
my wealth is great Jh.31,25; i:)tyi 
D^in CiriK';; and they leave their 
wealth to others Ps.49,11. 
^T^ Ch. (sf. nf:)!!) m. 1) valor, strength, 
power, force '7)n ^^ail mighty men 
of power Dan.3,20; '7'r\2 Nlp^ he 
cried with force, i. e. aloud 3,4,— 
2) army, host N^O^ '^''n the army 
of heaven 4,32. 

i''T\ m. 1) army, host (=':';n) h^'n'Z 
n5| with a great host 2K.18,17; 
Is.36,2.— 2) fortiiication, rampart, 
wall npim. "^in the rampart and 
the wall Lam.2,8; Ql '^'''H-ltt'K 
whose rampart was the sea Nah. 
3,8;rih\n| Di':'^'''n^ peace be within 
thy wall? Ps.122,7. See "rn and 


l9in(=b"'n) /'.pain Jb.6,10 (seenSc). 
n'^Ti f. fortification, fort Ps.48,14. 
Q'^TI W- "• ^ city in Syria 2S. 10, 

16 = DX . n I which see. 
I'p'n V'- »*• ^ city in Judah lChr.6,48. 

|\1 m. grace, comeliness iSllJ ]''n the 
grace of kis proportion Jb.41,4. 

f'Tl m. partition-wall, v/all Ez.13,10. 

\"WT] (from fin ; f. HJiVi^) adj. outer, 
outward |iY''nn ani^ai the out- 
ward sanctuary Ez 44,1; nSNTQ 
nJiVrin the outward business (i. e. 
civil business, opposite to sacred) 
Neh.U,16;liV''tl'21K.6,29 a. njiVr] 
2K.16,18 without, outside. 

pTl , pn (.from pin) m. 1) bosom, 
lap Num.11, 12; hence of a spouse: 
'Ift.^n '"iti'K the wife of thy bosom 
Deut 13,7 or ;ii?\n ng.^tJ* she that 
lieth in thy bosom Mic.7,5; p3n 
pn Pr.5,20 to embrace the bosom 
of a woman, i. e. to love her; 072* 

p'-n-'rt? jer.32,18 or ^^rrb^ y^^r\ 

Ps. 79,12 to requite, to recompense 
(prop, to repay or restore into 
one's bosom); Jli^n ''p"'n-'?y Ti^Sn 
my prayer returnelh into mine 
own bosom {i. e. cometh from the 
heart Ps.35,13.— 2) bosom of a 
garment Ex.4,6, etc. TN h^Y pi|l| 
-■jiiin the lot is cast into the 
bosom Pr.16,33; p''n3 nntJ* a pres- 
ent In the bosom, i. e. given 
secretly Pr. 21,14.— 3) hollow, 
cavity Ez 43,13 a. 14; ipnn piP] 
the hollow or frame of the chariot 
IK.22,35 (Eng. Bible: midst of the 
m^n pr. n. m. 

dTn a. □^■'n see Dim. 

tJ."!)! (verl) same as ti*in', which see. 

^^T} adv. hastily, soon tripl tJ-iS 

ns^ll for it is soon cut off, and 

we 'fly away ps.90,10. 




Tin (from ion ; sf. >^n , q5o , nan 

etc.) m. palate, mouth D^IS^. t]ni 
7DK2 as the palate tasteth food 
Jb.34,3; fig. nilH pa^xS ''3n-DN 
cannot my palate understand (i. e. 
taste) perverse things ? 6,30; nJi.K 
''50 n.^nj my mouth shall speak 
truth Pr.8,7 etc.; sf. ^iEH \)^^ Tisn 
thy palace is like the best wine 

nin (ace. Stb. akin to t[3n , prop, 
to fix one's attention on some- 
thing) to hope, to wait; in Kal 
only pt. r? ''jin they that wait 
for him Is 30,18. 

Pi. n|n (fut nso: -, pt. nsna; to 

wait, to tarry, to hope, to expect 
1[J3n niN-ny iran] if we tarry 
till the morning light 2K.7,9; 
with h : to wait for Hn^H ^JB*|!J 
■"^.7 our soul waiteth for the Lord 
Ps. 33,20; with accus.: to wait upon 

D'<'ian3 ai'KTi^ nan in\';.i5>; and 

Blihu waited upon Job with words 
(i. e. he had waited till Job had 
spoken) Jb.32,4; onni tJ>''N' MG? 
as troops [of robbersl lie in wait 
for a man Hos.6,9 (ace. Oos. ^2n 
Is inf. in the Chald. manner). 

nSn (from "nn) f hook, angle (for 

("I^i^n F'- w- a liill n^ar the desert 
of Ziph. 

ffSn Ch. m. adj. a. n. wise, wise 
man Dan.2,21; magician v. 12. 

"Tjjn to lay hold of, to hang by, 
whence tJIH a. HSf]. 

7^)1 (=7ri|) to be dark or of a 

dark red. 
nvDni"*. n. the father of Nehemiah. 

t: — ; 

'r^^in {redupl. from /DPI) at?/, red, 
dark-red; c. jV^D DU''y ''S''';'?n with 
eyes red from wine Gen. 49, 12 
(Ges. : his eyes darkly flashing 
from wine). 

n^'?''^.pn /. redness c\:yj Hi'^'^'ran 

redness of eyes Pr. 23,29. 
Qin (A«i. 13?n.J ; imp. DSQ , '^ 030^ 
to be or become wise T|37 DDn DN 
if thine heart be wise Pr.23,15; 
IND nD3n ''5 though she be very 
wise Zeh.9,2; DSn'' D''D3n-n« "S'.-i 
he that walketh with wise men 
shall be wise Pr.13,20; n^snT HNI 
D5n! consider her ways and be 
wise 6,6; with accus. Tl'^CUtl' 17DjJ 
^ripsntyi the toil wherein I have 
toiled and wherein I shave shown 
nnysrlf wise Ec.2,19. 

Pl HSn (ftti. D2n^) to make wise, 
to leach wisdom D^CB^n f]^V'Q^ 
IJDSn^. and maketh us wiser than 
the fowls of heaven Jb. 35,11, 
SSG^. ''''^pJ.^ and to teach his an- 
cients wisdom Ps. 105,2. 

Pu. D|n {pt. D3nD) to be cun- 
ning, clever D|np D'^'l^Q liiPI 
a cunning charmer Ps.58,6; HSni 
CCSnO D^'Oan but they are ex- 
ceediijgly cunning Pr. 30,24. 

Hiph. D''3nn. (pt. D''3nD) to make 
wise; pt. f. \"15 nO''3nD making 
wise the simple Ps 19,8. 

Sithp. DSnnn to think oneself 

T T 



t^s.. ! .- 

wise, to make oneself wise /is' i 
nrii^ DSnnri make not thyself 
over wise Ec.7,16; with ^ : to out- 
wit, to outdo 17 HDanriJ let us 
outdo him Ex.1, 10 (Eng. Bible: 
let us act wisely with him). 

'^^n (c. DQn ; vi. n''p:n , c. •'e?n ; 
f. nasQ , c. no?n ; pi. nitson , c. 

niO?n) 1) adj. wise, intelligent, 
experienced, skilled |iJJ1 D2n"Dl? 
a wise and understanding people 
Deut.4,6; i7"D3n the wise hearted 
Ex.28,3; n5K^p''793 D^n skilled 
in every work lChr.22,14; r\W 
riDDn a wise woman 28.20,16.— 
2) m. wise man, skilful man t]7in 
D^Ip2n"n« he that walketh with 
wise men Pr.13,20; VODH Sb nDN'J 
then said the wise men unto him 
Est.6,13; CDDn n^SJp the work 
of skilful men (i, e. skilled arti- 
sans) Jer.10,9; il'DSn 9,16 women 
skilled in mourning for the dead. — 
mOpn Pr.H,! is taken for an 
abstract noun: wisdom. 

W^n Ch. i^pi. |''i?''?n, def. N>o''5n, 

c. ''P''?n) m. wise man, magician. 

no jn (c. na?n ; pi. niD?n) f. wis- 
dom, intelligence, knowledge, ex- 
perience nprn lyiT'' Qijty in the 
multitude of years should teach 
wisdom Jb.32,7; tl6h^ np?n the 
wisdom of Solomon IK.5,14; ifi 
niCDn "131^ my mouth shall speak 
wisdom Ps.49,4.— fliDSn Pr.9,1 
is taken by Ges. and Fuerst as a 

.t:in Ch. idef. Knp?n , c. nnan) f 

"•JlaiH pr. n. m. lChr.11,11. 
rilDin f- wisdom Pr.14,1. 
niDin f. wisdom Pr.9,i (see naaPI). 
■pn m. outer fortification, bulwark, 

wall, rumpart (^ '\n 2, which see). 
7'n m. something profane, unholy, 

common 'rhn ]^2^ ^"ipn ]''3 b'^i^n': 

that you may distinguish between 
the holy and the unholy Lev.lO, 
10; '?n DnS common bread IS.21,5. 
Xtri 1) to rust, hence n^hv] . — 2) 
to wear awa}', hence: to be sick 


nx'^n f. 1) rust.— 2) pr. n. f. 

T : V 

Wabn see I'jn, 

QKt'n same as D^'in ; occurs only 
with n Zoc: HDnSh (Kri nD*?n) 2S. 

T )T— "^ TIT" ' 

^bn to be fat (Stb.: to be sticky, 
juicy), hence D'jin a. 3|jn . 

:i^n (c. ahn , «/•. •'^'rn.) w. milk Gen. 

T T • • ■ 

18,8; with 2*5T: fig. aj superabun- 
dance fyr\ iH nat {'"n^? a land 
flowing with milk and honey (1. e. 
a land where everything is in 
superabundance) Ex. 3,8. h) sweet- 
ness, mildness nnn i'ril 2*31 
T]j;tl'7 honey and milk are under 
thy tongue Cant.4,11. 
n^n (s/. ia'pn, D3':ria.i>oet.i03':in; 
pZ. Ci'^D., c. ■'3':g) TO. i) fat Lev. 
3,16; fig. the best, the best part. 




the marrow Y'W^ ^7.U 'I10 marrow 
of the land (i. e. the best fruits) 
Gen.45,18i n^n i^H the marrow 
of wheat Ps.81,17 ' or n^'^h^ J^n 
n|in the fat of the kidneys of 
wheat Deut.32,14: (i. e. the nu- 
tritious substances of wheat). — 
2) pr. n. m. 28.23,29, lor which 
"hp. lChr.11,30 a. ''i'tG 27,15. 

3'?n m. fat {=:hn) Is.34,6. 
... |... .1 

nS'^n pr. n. a city in Asher. 

pr. n. a Syrian city, famous 

for its wine Bz.27,18. 
nJS'^'n (from shn) f- galbanum (a 

strong-smelling gum of Syria) 

*7fn to dig through, to root up, to 

ibn , ^ T'n m. 1) the world D'OPI? 

v IV • '■^ 

"i5DP. from men of the world Ps, 
17,14; n^.n •'5B''' inhabitants of the 
world 49,2.— 2) earthly existence, 
age, lifdtime ihn Dip; 0^?^!? 
brighter than noonday will thy 
earthly existence arise Jb. 11,17; 
^V.k r.^? ''I'^P ™*°® *8® (lifetime) 
is as nothing before thee P8.39,6; 
l^nTlD ''JS"13? remember how 
short my lifetime is 89,48 (Stb.: 
how perishable I am). See Jb.11,17. 
*7^"n m. mole (others: weasel). 

V I 

•^'jn pr.n. m. lChr.11,30 = •'l'?p27, 

Vl" ; 

15; see also i!^n. 2. 
n'n'^n pr. n. a prophetess 2K.22,14. 
i-Tj^n pr n. 1) a person mentioned in 

lChr.27,15 =l^n 11,30.— 2) a. 
person mentioned in Zch. 6, 10 
=DJ?n V. 14. 

ntri I. {M- n.fe, ap. hni; pt. 

nfn , f. n^'n ; inf. ni'^n) to be sick 
or diseased, to fall sick, to be 
sore, to be grieved i'';n"riK 11711 
he was fallen sick of his sickness 
2K.13,14; V'^J'ITIS n^Q he was 
diseased in his feet IK. 15,23; 
\"1'''?n"'75 ''■JIS'? they have stricken 
me, and I was not sick Pr.23,35; 

^hn-tih^ Dn« nianthouhaststrick- 

T : T T • ■ 

en them, but they have not 
grieved Jer.5,3i ':'n^'L...nnnt5 Vs.'J 
and Ahaziah fell... and was sick 
2K.1,2; with h'i: to be sorry for 
"•hv DIP nl^h-ps there is none of 
you that is sorry for me IS. 22,8: 
n^in nan Bc.5,12 ace. Puerst: in- 
curable evil (Eng. Bible: sore 
evil); niQK D^in Cant 2,5 sick 
with love, love-sick. 

Niph. nSp.^ {3 pi l'?n:.) l) to be. 
come sick, to be grieved, to be 
pained ''ri\'?.nJ. I was sick Dan.8, 
27; with '7V : to be grieved for X7 
flDi"! -|itJ>-'?y ^hr\i they are not 
grieved (sorry) f-^r the affliction 
of Josenh Am.6,6; ^h^V'i^ t<h I'^m 
they have put themselves to pain, 
but shall not profit Jer.12,13; pt. 

f. n^m fatal, grievous ^■:^o nhoi 

my wound is fatal Jer.10,19; HSD 
nto ilSnJ a very grievous blow 

Pi. nhn {fut. n^n^) to make ill 
or sick; with ...a D''tJH'5n0 to lay 




sickness upon Deut.29,21. — TV^bU 
?s.77,ll verb. n. sf. ace. some: my 
illnes, infirmity; otiiers: my en- 
treaty (from n^n II.). 

Pii. nVn to become weak or sick 
IVvn nnx DJI art thou also be- 
coma weak? Is. 14,10. 

Htph. n';nn ipt. f. n'jnp) to 

make sick, to put to grief "O^I^.nn 
T]0i3n I have made thee sick in 
smiting thee Mic.6,13i nn.i^ iSlin 
\]}p non they made the princes 
sick with the glow of wine Hos. 
7,5 (Ges. a. Fuerst take 1'?nri ir. 
an intransitive sense: they shew 
sickness, they make themselves 
sick); •'bnn Is.53,10 for nhUQ (or 
for t<''^.nd from N7n) he hath put 
him to grief; pt. f. nDflpD nSjinh 
■2?. nSnD hope deferred maketh 
the heart sick Pr.13,12. 

Hoph. Hi'nn to become sick 
"'0\.p.? I have become sick 2Chr. 
35,23 (Eng. Bible: I am wounded). 

Hithp. nburiT] (fut. ap. 'pnn^. ; 
imp. ap. 'jnrin i inf. rii^nnH) to 

make oneself sick, to feign one- 
self sick 2S.13,2. 

ntri II. to stuke, to flatter (Z'a! 
not used).— Pi. nhu (fut. r\hn) , 
ap. 70^ ; imp. ap. '?n ; inf. Ti^ri) to 
beseech, to implore, to pray, to 
entreat (always with 0^2) hr\]^ 
1\ \i^ n^ ntt'O and Moses besought 
the Lord Ex.32, II; ''T^V. ^hw. TJf 
Dl? the rich among the people 
shall entreat thy favor Ps.45,13; 
verb. n. sf. ^<^^ ''riipQ this is my 

entreaty Ps.77,11 (see also Pt. of 

n^n I.). 
rhn (c. n^n ; pi. rhu) f. cake. 

T ~ 

ai'^in ipl. nid'-ri) m. dream ni':n3 
i^5'!?L' in a dream by night Gen. 
20,3; CjIV; Dl'^'na he shall fly away 
as a dream Jb.20,8; ni^Snn bi}2 
the dreamer Gen. 37, 19. 

]l'?ri(from'7!?ni.; pi. D'^Jl-'na.niJi^n, 
c. ^Ji^O) com. hole, window n??3 
pVnn through the window Gen. 
26,8; •'Ji^n iS V2p^ he cutteth him 
out windows Jer.22,14: ('jiv'n is 
regarded as a plural; ace. Puerst 
one manuscript reads T'j'i'n) . 

p'tin pr. n. 1) a city in Moab Jer. 
4S.21, perhans same as p"in . — 
2) a Levitic city in Judah Josh. 

15,21 =i':;n. 

tlTtin m. passing away, departure, 
decease e]i'?n. \J3 children of de-^ 
cease, i. e. mortals Pr.31,8 (Eng. 
Bible; such as are appointed to 

T\'Z"t>r\^ (from tr^H) f. overcoming, 
defeat n2>l'?n ni:a Sip the outcry 
of defeat Ex.32,18. 

n^n pr. n. an Assyrian province 
to which the ten tribes were car-( 
ried by Shalmaneser (prob. Cala-^ 
chene on the borders of Armenia). 

binpn pr. n. a place in Judah. 

n ^npn U'e^JapJ. from Sinj/". trembling, 

terror, pain, 
ta^ll only ffi>/i. to ascertain: ItS^HM 

li^an and they ascertained wheth 




er it was from him IK. 20, 33 

Oa'rnnfor itD'','?nil, as ipaTT. is. 

14,22 for Ip'silJ). 

Vt! ^P^- ^'''t^^n) w. 1) ornament, 
trinket. — 2) pr. n. a city in 

'bn C^ ■''?"ri, sf. 'i'^n; pi. n\^^n, sf. 

1J,).!jn) TO. J^ sickness, illness 
Deut.7,15; ls.1,5.— 2) grief, afflic- 
tion Is.55,3 a. 4.— ■i"'^n Ec.5,16 

iT^n f. ornament Hos.2,15 (=^^0). 

T ; V 

b'^'^n Ifrom "^Sn 1.; pi. cbbm prop, 
sometiiing hollowed or perforated, 
hence: pipe, flute ''''^n^ ^i^ the 
tabret and pipe 18.5,12; C.^QD 
D^bbnil they piped with pipes IK. 
1,40. ' 

n^tTl (from hhr} II.) interj. profane 
be il! far be it. God forbid! IS. 
14,45; 20,2; usually with h of the 
person and with D before inf. or 
noun following: nitTJJ.D "i^ nS'^'rn 
nXf God forbid that I should do 
this thing Gen.44,7; hiih nS^Sn 
Vtthn far be it from God, that 
he should do wickedness Jb.34,10; 
also with tt of the person by whom 
something is forbidden: n^''7n 
nxr ni2>yO "'Ijbsp ''b my God for- 
bid it me (literally: it is forbid- 
den to me by my God), that I 
should do this thing iChr. 11,19; 
1^3 ina'? IJ^l? IJ"; riS'^'rn far be it 
from us (literally: it is forbidden 
to us by him), that we- should 
robel against the Lord Jos.22,29: 

with DN and fut. it expresses a 
solemn promise r ' to do a thing: 

riTitt'N Qtf\ j;^as: CK "> : nSibn far 

be it from me, that I should 
swallow or destroy 28.20,20. 

ns'''?n ipi nis'^'^n, rit^hU) f- i) 

change 1D^ mS^T'n ]^S\' they have 
no changes Ps. 55,20 (Stb.: there 
are no changes in them for the 
better). — 2) alternation, relief; 

Ha. '•nz'hn Kiriy ':n''K isn^f ''Di h% 

to • T • -; ~ ■■ — ; -; T : ■• : t 

all the days of my war-service 
will I wait till my relief come 
Jb.l4,14;''i21?'<9?^liS''bn hosts al- 
ternately relievingone another are 
against me 10,17 (Stb.: alternate 
hosts of misfortunes are against 
me).— 5) change of garments, 
suit of clothes Onj? nis'rn. -|B>^ 
ten changes (i. e. suits) of gar- 
ments Jud. 14,-12; also without 
Cnja V. 19.— 4) 'adv. by courses, 
alternately IK.5,25. 

n^'''?n, i^?'?n (# nlv'pn) f. armor 
(others: spoil), 

"hn to be dark; fig. to be wretched. 

Jl^bt^, ^ i^2";n adj. poor wretched, 
unfortunate Ps.10,8; pi. n''N|bn 
V. 10 (Kri D'N'I ':n host of the 

^btl I. to be pierced, perforated; 
fig. wounded ''^'p,^ '^'zn ''3^ my 
heart is wounded within me Ps. 

Po. bh'n to pierce, to wound; 
pt. f. ]^45 ri7Vni3 who hath wounded 
the dragon (i. e. Egypt) Is.51,9. 




Pi. bjn 1) to pierce, to wound 
^hW 123 in the hand of him 
that woundeth (.Eng. Bible: slay- 
eth) thee Kz,28,9.— 2) to play on 
a pipe or flute D'^S^nO Q^t^- 
Q''v'?D3 and the people played 
on the flutes IK.1,40. 

fli'p/i. to sorrow, to grieve li'n^J 
nnb' T]^? mSQ tarp they shall 
sorrow a little through the burden 
f the king of princes Hos.8,10. 

Pu. 77in to be pierced, wound- 
<jd, slain; pt. p. 7HnJp wounded 
Is.50,5 and h\n}^^ pi c. 'h^r\^ 
pierced (or slain) Ez.32,26. 

^^n II. Niph. hny (fut. 'jn.': , A "rm , 

2 bnri ; inf. 7nn) to profane, to 
defile tPJ ''3 ^ti'ipD my sanctuary, 
when it was profaned Ez.25,3; 
DDina .n.KJ and 1 was profaned 
among them 22,26; hm ''nSiS 
D^^D ■'A''??'? that it should not" be 
defiled before the nations 20,9; 
inf. with sf. i^nnS to profane 
himself Lev.21,i. 

Pi. '^'jin (fut. h'pn) ; pt. '7^na -, 

inf. 770, sf. 1770) to profane, to 
defile, to violate, to break 7^n 
in'''!? he hath broken his cove- 
nant' Ps.55,2i; nS^n \nnaG' thou 

hast violated my sabbaths Kz.22,8; 
"'ris: r,'7^n t^' then defiledst thou 
my couch Gen. 49, 4j TJO.V?.'' 1'?ni 
they shall defile thy brightness 
Ez. 28,7; D^.g ^.f n to begin to use 
a vineyard (after the three years ! 
of its consecration) Deut. 20, 6. 
Hiph. ^nn to break, to profane; 

fut. iiai "701 K^ he shall not break 
his word Num 30, 3 ; 'r\i< '7nN-N'? 
"iB^nj^ CtJ> I shall cot let them 
profane my holy name Bz. 39,7. 

•^^n HI. Hiph. 'rnn (i ■'O^nn, 3 pi. 
i^nn; fut.hni, a Sn^^i; inf. hur^^ 
sf.' D^nn) to begin Dinj i^nn vrv 

his eyes began [to grow] dim 

1 s. 3, 2; "^riN njn dth this 

day will I begin Deut. 2, 5; 

^m^"^ V^» n: "^n^l and Noah 

T T -; T • - ••• T- 

began [to be] an husbandman 
Gen. 9, 20 J n.^DI hu^} beginning 
and finishing ( i. e. from be- 
ginning to end) IS. 3, 12; imp. "7^0 
tt'T begin to possess Deut.2,24. j 
Hoph. hnn to be begun bniH tX 
l\ am KipS then it was begun 
(i. e. men began) to call upon 
the name of the Lord Gen.4,26. 

hbn {c. '7'7n; pi. Qi^Sn, c. iSSn) 

adj. a n. 1) pierced, wounded, 
slain SSn S'V.S':"''? if one be found 
slain Deut 21,1; JSin'S^Q one that 
is slain with a sword Num. 19,16; 
^"41 ''5'?n those slain by hunger 
Lam.4,9.— 2) profane, polluted 
%'\^\ ^'^m V^"). "^^n profane 
wicked prince of Israel Ez 21,30; 
f. n^|n a profane woman, a pros- 
titute Lev 21,14. 

D^n {fut. n'in^ ; pt. oSh) i) to be 

strong nn''J5 ID'jrVl their children 
becmoe strong Jb.39,4.— 2) to 
dream Di'^n ''riD^n T have dreamed 
a dream Gen.37,9. 

Hiph. n"''7nD (fut. D'''?m) 1) to 
make sound or strong, to recover 




■^r.^DDl ''JO''?nni so thou wilt re- 
cover me, and make me to live 
Is.38,16.— 2) to cause to dream; 
pt. pi. D^D'^nD DON* ye cause to 
be dreamed Jer.29,8 (ace. Stb. in 
the Chaldaic manner forD"'D''^nD). 

a'pn pr. n. m. Zch.6,14 =''1?ri v. 10. 

nhn ch. (def. Na'rn , sf. ''i?'?p ; pi 

]''t3'7ri) m. dream. 

r^'V'^r} f. yolk (comp. Talm. poSin) 
niDfn -|in the sllme of a yolk, 
i. e, the white of an egg Jb.6,6. 

2'''D'?n m. hard stone, flint IVU'D 

• T- 

E*iP|Ol! out of the rock of flint 
Deut.8,15; c. *11V ty''D^n flinty rock 
ph pr. «. m. 

fii^n ifwt. ti'^^n:) j; to pass rip'zm 

nw'^ni D15>D thou shalfc pass on 

T ; T T T • ^ 

forward from there IS. 10,3; fig. 
pn 1S'?n they have transgressed 
the ordinance Is.24,5; with accus. 
and 3 : to pass through HB'j'n^ 
ini^T and she had passed (i. e. 
pierced) through his temples Jud. 
5,26; n^im n!2;'i5. insbnn the bow 
of copper shall pass (pierce) him 
through Jb.20,24; nniH''? f^im and 
he shall pass through Judah Is 
8,8; of the rain: to be over D'f^.H 
'\h Tji^n ^l^n the rain is over and 
gone Oant.2,11.— 2) to vanish, 
to disappear PJ"7n.l "^^^l n'''?"''?^?] 
and the idols shall utterly dis- 
appear (Bng Bible: he will utter- 
ly abolish).— 3) to change "lijaa 

'i'^D.l'T'Vn? in the morning [they 
gro w]like the grass whichchangeth 

Ps.90,5; cm^ nisj'i mi n^n tK 

then shall his spirit change and 
he shall pass over and offend 
Hab.1,11 (Ges.: then his spirit be- 
comes proud and he transgresses 
and is guilty), 

Pi. ei^n (fut. fj-Jn^ to change 
(garments) Gen.41,14. 

Hiph. f\''hm (fut ei'''?n:, e\hjip} 

1) to change, to change into, to 
substitute U^^nhm lS''':nni and 
change your garments Gen. 35,2; 

DiiD niii'y ''rin3?>D~i-i^' ejiSmi 

and he changed my wages ten 
times; Gen.31,7; D^JIt!! ^V^| D''l?i?B> 
1^/05 sycamores are cut down, 
but we will change them into 
cedars Is.9,9. — 2) to renew D^asp? 
n3 1B''^n2. and let the people re- 
new their strength Is. 41,1; fig. of 
the bow: fl''So.ri iT3 ''n?'j3. and my 
bow is renewed in my hand Jb. 
29,20.— 3) to sprout ^^V] ni3\ ON 
*! . ni if it be cut down, it will 
sprout again Jb.14,7. 

th'n Ch. {fut. pi. ]1E^ni) to change, 
to pass (of time) Dan.4,13. 

prop, exchange, hence: prep. 
for their service 

"for nniar 


SpT] pr. n. a city in Naphtali. 

f>5n I. {fut fhni\pt p. ^\hn) 1) to 

loose, to put off, to draw outT]7l7J1 
"^.il '^??.9 f'^D.D and put off thy 
shoe from thy foot Is.20,2; |''J/? DJ 





Itl' IV'^n . even the jackals draw 
uut the breast Lam. 4, 3: iP3 
hvijl Y^hu the house of him that 
hath his shoe loosed Deut. 25,10. — 
2) intr. to withdraw DHD J*^n he 
hath withdrawn himself from them 

Niph. ybB^ {flit {'.'^m) to be 
loosed, to be drawn out, to be 
delivered fbpi HT^D pnV the 
righteous is delivered out of 
trouble Pr.l 1,8; TJiTn: ps'rn:. |$?ob 
that thy beloved may be delivered 

Pi. f.^n {fut. y'p.U]) 1) to draw 
out, to take away n'^J^Nn n!< IV^ni 
they shall draw out (take away) 
the stones Lev. 14,10. — 2) to de- 
liver n.ISp •'tt'Sa ^V^n thou hast 
delivered my soul from death Ps. 
116,8; imp. ^tt>^ HX^n deliver my 
soul 6,6. — 3) to rob, to take from 
C)p;i ''I.Tif nx^ns^lif I have taken 
aught from my enemy without 
cause Ps.7,5 (Eng. Bible: yea, I 
have delivered him that without 
cause is mine enemy). 

n IL (fut. fhrp. ; pt. p. p'^ri) to 

equip, to arm, to make ready for 
battle S^V f^^n man armed for 
war Num,32,27; p'?n principally 
signifies the front warriors, the 
vanguard Dq^.?'? "/.H p'^PD ^^^ 
vanguard went before them Jos. 
6,13 (opposite fjDKD rear-guard). 
Ntph. {'Snj (/m«. f.'-n;.) to be 
equipped, to arm oneself IvSnn 
kll'Sh CB^JS DDnKp arm some of 

yourselves unto the war Num 

Hiph YiW ''0 make strong, 
vigorous p'^ni T]^ri^OV?? he will 
make thy bones vigorous (Eng. 
Bible: fat) Is.58,11. 

ybn f- only du. Dis'?n loins (prop, 
strength, vigor; see f ^n IL) niiJHJ 
C.^^n hv and gird [sackciothl 
upon the loins Is. 32,11; fig <«1}^. 
Tl'^^ifD gird up... thy loins (i. e. 
prepare thyself for the encoun- 
ter) Jb.38,3; IN??."'. ^"'^'jnO Q"'?^l?1 
and kings shall come out of thy 
loins (i. e. be begotten by thee) 
35,11; Tl^V^na NX'n ^i? thy son 
that shall come forth out of thy 
loins U- e. that shall be begotten 
by thee) IK.8,19. 

yhn pr. n. m. lChr.11,27 ={'Sg 2S. 

f*^n pr. n. m. lChr.2,39, but in 2S. 
23,26 for ^bp ■ 

ffX^n see I'^n . 

p^n I. (fut phn:,spi. ^p)^:) i) to 

divide, to part flNH-nN ip'^ITJ 
and they divided the land Jos. 
14,5; \fhrv r\rv they shall part 
alike 18.30,24; 'd9"'31N hhv ip'jn 
divide the spoil of your enemies 
Jos.22,8; with DJJ: to divide with, to 
be partner with i^|"D5J pi:jin whoso 
is partner with a thief Pr.29,24; 
with 7 : to divide out, to impart 
m^33 rS p|?n nSi nor hath he 
imparted to her understanding 
Jb.39,17; tr. to be divided ^bn 


la|7 their heart is divided Hos. 
I5^i3 (Fuerst a Stb.: their heart 
is hypocritical; see phn II.) . — 
2) to distribute p'^Q I^K DJlSn 
;•; n^a ':i5J TiJT the Lovites] whom 
David had distributed in the 
house of the Lord 2Chr.23,18. 

Niph. p'2r\i ifut. p5:n';) to be 

divided, to be parted p^HH n^K*? 
Xl^'Q i^nt^o i\i&S6 the land shall 
be divided Num. 26,53; p'pn.i. m 
, "'Vn? '^$<1'?*! Cirn then were the 
\ people of Israel divided into two 
, parts IK.16,21; pSn;. ^'H^.D H.PK 
"lis by what way is the light 
parted Jb.38,24; with "^i? : to at- 
tack one with divided forces 
n^''.? Dn\'?J? p5n'l and he divided 
himself (i. e. his forces) against 
them by night Gen. 14,15.— Dp.'^m 
lGhr.23,6 a. 24,3 ace. Stb. =Pi. 

fut Dp.'pn^.i. 

-?«• p§P (M- p.^np 1) to divide 
'^^f p5n^. I will divide the spoil 
Ex.15,9; with *? : to divide among, 
to distribute, to assign a portion^ On^ Ipfnn and they di- 
vided (distributed) the land among 
them IK.16,6; □''S'l^ i^-p.^Dg I will 
assign him a portion among the 
great Is.53,12; 1p^3 QH^ nflilf n iT 
his hand hath divided (distributed) 
it among them by line 34,17.— 
2) to disperse DV-iDt?! ip??l| Dp.f D>^. 
?Nli2>"'3 I will disperse them In 
Jacob and scatter them ip Israel 

p> pkn (fut. pICI^) to be ''ivj'Jea 

175 p^n 

SSb*"!?? P^CI '« then is the prey 
of a spoil dWided Is.33,23i TinDlKI 
p|nri ''305 and thy land shall be 
divided by line Am.7,17. 

Eiph. to obtain one's share; 
only inf. D'^O (pi'7nn'?=) p'^'po^ 
to obtain his share thence Jer.37, 
12 (Bng. Bible: to separate him- 
self thence; others: to slip away, 
from p5n II,). 

Hithp. p.^nnn to divide among 

themselves ri'^:ifb nriiK ipfnnrn. 

Q^P5" and they shall divide it 
among themselves into seven 
parts Jos. 18,5. 

phn II. to be smooth niNDHD ipSrj 
VB the words of his mouth were 
smoother than butter Ps. 55,22; 
fig. to be flattering, hypocritical 
ti^b phn Hos.10,2 (but see inter- 
pretation of this passage under 
p'lQ I.). 

niph. p''Snri ' {fut. p'''?n: ; pt. 

p'')W) 1) to "make pmootli- i^SriD 
tyiffiS he that smootheth with the 
hammer Is.47,7; fig. to be smooth 
with the tongue, to flatter p'';!!]? 
\V^h he that flattereth with the 

tongue Pr.28,23; n,':;i'-nn n^DK 

who flattereth with her words 2, 
16; with bg : VJiSra V^K p'^bW. 
he flattered him in his eyes Ps. 
36,3; with hV: PlfT b'i p^'^VlQ *15| 
a man that flattereth his neighbor 
Pr.29,5. — S) ace. some: to pass 
smoothly, to slip away D^a pSQ^ 
to slip away thence Jer.37;i2 (see 
also Hiph. of pbn I.). 

ptiri adj- 1) smooth, bald, bare t!*^K 

I T T 

p'^n a smooth (i. e. hairless) man 
Gen.27,11; pSnq nnn the bare (1. e. 
woodless) mountain Jos. 11, 17; pi. 
/■. nipl^nslipperyplacesPs.73,18.— 
2) fig. smootn, flattering p^n Hg 
a flattering mouth Pr. 26,28; pi. f. 
nip^n smooth things Is.30,10; nSB> 
nip^n flattering lips Ps.12,3. 

pyn {s'f. ^p'?n; pi. n^p^q, c. ^p.^p) 

m. 1) part, portion, share, lot 
t2"iB|JMn pSn the portion of the 
men Gen. 14,24; p^n3 p^n portion 
as portion, i. e. like parts Deut. 
18,8; nip';n. na^trS into seven 
parts Jos.l.'^,5; of one's part in a 
conversation: '"pSil ''JK f]K nJ^N' 
I will answer also my part, i. e. 
have my say Jb.32,17; with J : 
something to do with p^n 1j7 ]^X 
1113 we have no part in David, 
i. e. we have nothing to do with 
him 2S.20,1; poet, ip'il p^H the 
portion of Jacob, i. e. Jehovah 
Jer.10,16 a. ni,n^ p^n the portion 
of Jehovah, i. e. the people of 
Israel Deut.32,9; ni'7« p^n Jb.31,2 
lot appointed of God.— 2) portion 
of land, field 2K. 9, 10, 36 a. 37 
(=ni^.n); poet, land (as opposite 
to the sea) Am.7,4:.— 3) smooth- 
ness, flattery rVQ^W p.^D? with 
the flattery of her lips Pr.7,21; 
CVl T^^l pSriS he that speakcth 
flattery to his friends Jb. 17,5. 
p^n m. prop, smooth stone, hence: 
an idol formed of smooth stone; 

only pi. c. on DH rjpbo ''Qj ■'p.^na 



with the smooth stones (i. e. 
idols) of the valley is thy portion; 
they, they are thy lot Is.57,6. 

p?n adj. smooth; only pi. c. ''p?n 
b''j3X smooth stones (prop, the 
smooth ones of stones) IS.17,40. 

phn Ch. (s/". np.'^n) m. portion, lot. 
np'^n (c. np^n) f. l) portion, piece 

(of land) R.2,3.— 2) the smooth, 
smoothness V^S^V npbn the smooth 
of his neck Gen.27,16.— 3) flat- 
tery litrS ripj:!! the flattery of 
the tongue Pr.6,24.— 4) bareness 
(of rocks), hence: pr.m. Dn^H np^H 
a place in Gibeon 2S.2,16. 

riDtTl , npSn f. smooth thing, flat- 

"■• ■ L • L 

tery; only pZ. 'Tip^D , nip_ri smooth 

things Is.30,10; ni'p'jn •'nsB* flat- 

tering lipsPs.12,4 (see also under 

pSn); nip^na ei"ijm nn;i \y''B>nL!^ 

and such as do wickedly against 
the covenant shall he corrupt by 
flatteries Dan. 11,32. 

np7'^ f- partition, division. 

■"p*?)! pf. n. m. 

iTp^n , '^\^.^i}bO pr. n. 1) high priest 
at the time of Josiah 2K.22,8. — 
2) father of the prophet Jere- 
miah. — 3) name of other persons. 

n1p2i?r'n i.'redupl. from p";!!) 1) slip- 
pery places Ps.35,6; Jer.23,12.— 
2) flattering speech, flattery Dan. 
11,21 a. 34. 

np*?)! , '~iil?'l i""- n. Levitical city 
in Asher Jos.19,25; 21,31 =ppin 




lChr.6,60, with H loc. n|5pn Jos. 

jy'^n 1) fut. intr. to be weak, power- 
less !i*^njl n^D; 15:^ but man dieth 
and becoraeth powerless Jb.14,10 
(Eng. Bible: and wastetb away).— 
2) fut. tr. to weaken, to discom- 
fit, to conquer "n« SJmT trSoiJ 
p7fii> and Joshua discomfited Ama- 
ek Ex. 17,13; pt. tJ>Sn conqueror, 
/uler Is.14,12. 

CS'^n adj. weak, feeble. 

T " 

nn I. (from ncn 1.; sf. Tj'^an, n'«pn) 

on II. adj. warm, hot Jos.9,12. 


on in. (from Din) pr. n. son of 


Noah Gen. 10,6, ancestor of Af- 
rican peoples: Egyptians, Ethio- 
pians, etc. 

on «■ warmth, heat On txf). hot 
bread IS.21,7. 

Qn (=Dn II.) adj. warm, warming; 
inly pi. D''an Tl''nJ3 thy garments 
are warm Jb.37,17. 

i<fin Ar. to become thick, to co- 
agulate, whence nXDH • See also 

non . 

XOn (=nDn) f. wrath, fury. 
XDH , ^<12n Ch. /". anger, wrath. 
nXCn (from NDri) /". i) curds, cream 

Geii 18;8; Is.7,22.— 2) butter Pr. 

30,33; pi. niNDn , see niKOna . 

Ton (f«<. TfiO.! , 1 Vl- "i»™) -'^ to 

— T 

desire, to covet, to delight in 
^JVIXTM e'lN iDnrx^l and no 
giie' shall desire thy land Ex.34, 

24; ^^1 iTia "iOnri K"? thou shalt 
not covet thy neighbor's house 
Bx.20,17; Dn*? ^DH pv^ D''V'71 
and the scorners delight in their 
scorning Pr.1,22; pt. p. "WCiQ de- 
sired, desirable, hence: a) as adj.: 
precious, goodly Dni| nillDp. 
precious as gold Ezr. 8,27; '''1J3 
riinpnn m.1|>1? thegoodlygarmenls 
of Esau Gen. 27, 17. h) as a n.: 
beauty, delight iniDQ ti*i?3 dpflj 
thou makest his beauty to con- 
sume away like a moth Ps.39,12; 
H9il?ii-'73 DD''110ni and their de- 
lightful things shall not profit 

Niph. only pt. Ifinj desirable, 
pleasant, precious IDi.O f'?'.'''! 
nX'IDp every tree that is pleasant 
to'the'sight Gen.2,9; 3ntD nnonin 
more desirable ypr precious) than 
gold Ps.19,11. 

Pi. nsn to wish ardently I^VS 
''J^'l^n under his shadow do I ar- 
dently wish to be Cant.2,3. 

"TCn m. desirableness, pleasantness, 
loveliness; as adj.: "On ^^ina de- 
sirable(lovely)young men Ez. 23,6; 
"II9Q ''nf pleasant fields Is.32,12. 

rrnpn (c nian) f. 1) desire T] ^ » J 
iT^Pn ^^? he departed without 
being desired (i. e. regretted by 
none) 2Chr.21,20.— 2) something 
desirable, object of delight ''fiS 
^vr^\ nipn % to whom belong- 
eth all that is desirable in Israel? 
IS.9,20 (Eng. Bible: on whom is 
all the desire of Israel?); Dipin 




D''2'J the delight of women Dan. 
11,37 (In reference to an idol 
worshipped by Syrian women).— 
3) pleasantness, excellence; as 
adj.: rriDn {'^^ a pleasant land 
Ez.26,12; nncn ■*!?? precious ves- 
sels 2Clir.32,27j with sf. n[hr} 
''rnan my pleasant portion Jer, 

nnon, ri""iSi;npZ. f. precious things 
Dari.'ll,38;' as adj.: nnpn nJS 
goodly raiment Gen. 27,15; ''53 
ninpn precious vessels (or jew- 
els) '■2Cbr.20,25i nnpn urh pleas- 
ant bread (savory food) Dan. 10,3; 
ninpn ti*''N one greatly beloved 
v. li; with omission of ti^X : ^3 
nriN nillDQ thou art greatly be- 
loved 9,23.' 

\'^^T\ pr. n. m. Gen. 36, 26 ='['11?n 

nOn 1) = S'Cn to unite; fig. to be 
allied in affinity, whence Dn I. a. 
risn . — 2) to enclose, to fasten, 
whence HDin. — 3) =Din to glow, 
to burn, whence Dn II., DO, DPI , 

nan, nion, Don. 

nsn^lfrom nan S; sf. inSD) f. 1) 

warmth, heat Ps.l9,7.— 2) poet. 
the sun fB.24,23 a. Cant.6,10;.N'?3 
nsn without the sun Jb 30,28(Stb.': 
without sun-light). 

T\'an (from nan 3; c. ncq, sf. •'nan ; 

pi. Dion , ncn) f. l) heat, anger, 
wrath, fury nDn31 e]S'2 in anger 
and in wrath Deu't.29,28; nan t:*iK 
man of wrath (i. e. an angry 

man) Pr.15,18; 1n3 DDnj with the 
fury of his povrer Dan.8,6; riSn 
1^*!? fury of wine Hos.7,5 (Eng. 
Bible: bottles of wine, taking nOQ 
to be identical with non) ; poet. 
^0\ ■'32' nonp he shall drink of 
the wrath of the Almighty; ]\K\ D^3 

nonn jer.25,15 a. nDnnDi3is.5i,i7 

the cup of wrath (of which God 
causes the nations to drink). — 2) 
poison tl'nj"ril2n the poison of a 
serpenc Ps.58,5; "iS^ \Sn; non the 
poison of serpents that crawl in 
the dust Deut.32,24.— nan Jb.29,6 
=nN'ari butter. 

tiNIDIl pr. n. m. 

bp^On pr. n. f. wife of king Josiah. 

t'^X^n pr. n. m. Gen.46,12; gent. i7lDn 

psn pr. n. 1) a city in Asher Jos. 
19,28.— 2) a city in Naphtali 

piDH (from fan 3)m. violent man, 
oppressor (=f an); f ian na>X set 
right the oppressor Is. 1,17 (others: 
relieve the oppressed , taking 
pan in a passive sense). 

ppn (c. f laq) adj. deep red, purple; 
prop. pt. p. of fan 3, which see 

J!3^SrfCfrom pah) m. circuit, round- 
ing ^)5y. M'liSD the roundings 
(Eng. Bible: joints) of thy thighs 

lion, laq (c. ?i^an, iian; pi. 

Dnan , sf W'tliaq) m. l) ass (ace, 
Ges. a. Stb. prop, red-skinned 




animal, from "iQn 2) Gen. 12,16; 
24,35, etc.; 014 '^^^ * ^0"y (i- ^■ 
strong) ass Gen.49,14; l^Dn HlUfJ 
the burial of an ass (i, e. an 
ignominious burial) Jer.32,19.— 
2) ^"ipn a heap; hence the play 
of words Ju(i.l5,6: TOan ipl^? 
QV^'J'^" with the jaw-bone of an 
ass, a heap, two heaps [have I 
slain]; Stb., taking *lil2n in its 
first meaning and DJfl^Dn as du. f. 
of lion , renders the phrase; a 
multitude of asses (in derision 
of the Philistines).— 3) ace. Fuerst: 
="ip'n homer (a dry measure) 
CnJ? "I'Cn a homer of bread, i. e. 
as man5'^ loaves as can be baked 
out of a homiT (Eng. Bible: an 
ass laden with bread; prop.: an 
ass's load of bread). — 4) pr. n. m. 

nlGH (sf. ^n^iSD) /"• mother-in-law, 

^Dn to wind, to cringe. 

^fi'n (from DDH) m. lizard. 

nC^n pr n. a place in Judah. 

i»iian adj. salted, seasoned pon T?! 
salted provender Is. 30,24. 

ijy'pri see ''B'Dn. 

bDf] ifut Vcro to pity, to have 
pity, to spare (with h'l) ''J^^Oni 
ij^-Ss? B>"'« '^bnl "iB'hlS tiTpb.?. 'and' 
1 will spare them as a man spareth 
his own son Mal.3,17; VdiI: ''D 
dSe'^"'. '^'H^ who shall have pity 
upon thee, Jerusalem Jer.15,5; 
rarely with b^ for h'q : iSspljirr'^K 

fn",K spare no arrow Jer.50,14; 
verb. n. 1\i^V H^DnS to have pity 
upon thee Ez.l6,o. 
n^DH (c. nSan) f. pity, compassion. 

T : V 

DCn {.pret. on, 1 s. \"iian; fut. iinj, 

■^ Dn^l; inf. DPI, sf. isn, once 
DDn =CDn Is.47,5) 1) to be or 
become warm DH^J DPII it is warm 
to them, i. e. they are made warm 

Ec.4,11 \r'^i2n mr\ ionm m^-^^ 

"flu ^ri^^'J yea, he warmeth him- 
self and saith, Aha, I am warm, 
I have seen the lire Is.44,16; of 
the sun: to wax hot t^DBi'n Qni 
DDJ1 when the sun waxed hot, it 
melted Ex.16,2.1.— In/', dn , with 
prefixes: Qi'D Dlfl? in the heat of 
the day Gen.]8,l;'i'-^ Dn':-|''H1 and 
there is none ivi rm Hag. 1,6; with 
prefix and sf : DSna in their heat 
Jer.51,39; once inf. DOn , with '? '. 
DOnS n'-nri\S there shall not be 
a coal-to .warm at Is. 47,14. 

Mph. nnj (fut. an> &. nw., pi 

lanj, 1Dn>J) to become warm 
ib nn\ n'?1 but he could not be- 
come warm IK.1,1; fig. of the glow 
of feeling or passion: □ v?:'| CPpAD 
enflaming themselves with idols 
Is.57,5; "ilJnD 1120.1 tliey are hot 
as an oven Hos.7,7; Ul'? Dm i? 
while his heart is hot r)eut.l9,6; 
of cattle: to be in heat, to con- 
ceive ]N':fn ip.n'l and the flocks 
conceived Gen.30,39 (=1!3nn); 
once pi. f. nAOn*l_ they should 
concel-« 30,38 (=nJl?nnj) 

m ^ ^_ 

Pi. DSn (ftd. am)) to make 
warm; fig. to hatch Jb.39,14. 

Hithp. DSnrin to warm oneself 
DSQO: iB>a? UiDI and if he were 
[not] warmed with the fleece of 
my sheep Jb. 31,20. 

tDM (from nan sun; only pi. Dijan , 
sf. DSVan) m. sun-pillar, sun- 
image (idol of Baal). 

Don 1) to do violence, to violate 
1Dbnri"7N' lin"7X oppress not, do 
no violence Jer.22,3; rilin IDDn 
they have violated the law Zph. 
3,4.— 3) to wrong, to hurt ''N'tini 
itypj DDli he that sinneth against 
me wrongeth his own soul Pr.8, 
36;abon i^r niStl?Und the plans 
which ye wrongfully devise a- 
gainst me Jb.21,27 (Stb.: with 
crafty devices ye attack me). — 
3) to tear off, to tear down, to over- 
throw np3 |$.^3 Dbm he shall 
tear off (.shake off) his unripe 
grapes as the vine Jb. 15,33; DbrPl 
tl3t?> ]3T he hath torn down (over- 
thrown) his tabernacle, as if it 
were of a garden Lam.2,6. 

Niph. DDnJ to be stripped or 
made bare TjUpS;. ffiOHj thy heels 
are made bare Jer.13,22. 

DCn (c. DDQ ; pi. COan) m. 1) vio- 
lenoe, oppression, wrong, cruelty, 
injury Htyi DDn violence and roh- 
bery Am.3,10; DOn tJ*^' Pr.3,31 or 
□''DOn. t:*"'X Ps. 140,2 an oppressor, 
a violent man; DDn IV a wrong- 
ful (false) witness Ex.23,li nWB* 
DOn cruel hatred Ps.25,19; "'DDn 



'T'5? iny wrong be upon thee 
(i. e, experiences) injury Pr.26,6. — 
2) what is gotten by wrong or 
violence DDn D''^VNn who store 
up violence (i. e. ill-gotten wealth) 

f*pn I. (fut. f Dn.; ; pt. f Oin ; pt. p. 
fllOn ; verb. n. nVDH) i) prop, to 
be sharp, sour, hence: to be leav- 
ened, to ferment -\V pV3 t^^bn 
inVpn from kneading the dough, 
until it be leavened Hos.7,4.— 
2) to be red D^lJa fion dyed red 
in his garments Is.63,1 — 3) ^DDn 
to be violent; pt. f*Din violent 
man Ps.71,4; ficn Is. 1,17 ace. 
some = pt. p. flion oppressed. 

Hithp. fsnnn to become vio- 
lent, embittered, excited fsnn^ 
■"337 my heart is embittered Ps. 

f*Cn II. adj. 1) leavened fan DnS 
leavened bread Lev.7,13. — 2) 
as n.: leaven niin fDnO "IB|'2,1 
and burn of leaven a sacrifice 
of thanksgiving Am. 4,5 (ace. some 
fana of ill-gotten wealth; see 
rop I- 3). 

J*pn in. vinegar. 

pOn to turn about, to go away 
"Ijy pan >-\T\ my friend turned 
around and was gone Cant.5,6. 

HUkp. panori prop, to turn 
about oneself, hence: to go a^bout, 

to rove about ppannn Tia-ni; 
nanwn nan how long wilt thgu 




go about, vhoii backsliding 
daughter? Jer.31,21. 

*1»n ifut. laap 1) to seethe, to 
foam, to boil up "iDn I'll! and the 
wine is foaming Ps.75,9; IDHJ 
VD''P lien! the waters thereof 
roar and seethe Ps.46,4. — 2) to 
be red, whence 1i3n , liDn , "llUn^ 
a. ion 4, because of their asso- 
ciation with the red color; yi^) 
IDPl Ps.75,9 ace. some interpve- 
ters: and the wine is red.^ 3) to 
collect, to heap together, whence 
IDn heap. — 4) den, from IDri: to 
pitch over ICn^ iTipnfl] and she 
pitched it over with asphalt Ex- 

Pu. redupl. 'nD"l?n 1) to be vio- 
lently moved, to be troubled 
15JD liainn my bowels are 
troubled 'Lam.2,11.— 2) to burn, 
to become red ''?5"'A'? ^Il^l^n "'iS 
my face is burned (or red) with 
weeping Jb.16,16. 

*ian (from lan P «?, bitumen, 
asphalt (which boils k.d in the 
manner of boiling pitch). 

"iCn (from ICn i) m. red wine Q'iS 
lan a vineyard of red wine k. 

*ian Ch. (^ef. NnpD) m. wine. 

*10n w. j; boiling, foaming (from 
"inn 1); Cai D;» ion the boiling 
of the great waters Hah. 3, 15 
(others render l^'ri 'heap', from 
inn 5).— 2) heap; only pi. Dlpn 
cnDn heaps upon heaps Ex. 8, 

10. — 3) homer (a dry measure 

= 10 n3); ns-'N n.^i!i ion o 

the seed of an homer shall 
yield an ephah Is. 5,10; CWV. 
ion D"'r)3n ten baths are an ho- 
mer Ez.45,14.— 4) clay, loam, 
mortar (from IDp 2, because of 
the red color of clay) n^n lOnn 
IDnS DD!j the asphalt served 
them as mortar Gen. 11,3; 1I?.n 
Cnin sealing clay (i. e. sealing 
wax) Jb.38,14; niXin Itjh the loam 
(i. e. mire) of the streets Is. 10,6. 

mbn (only du. Dlpiaqi f. heap 
(-^ion 2); D\jiDn. linn a heap, 
two heaps Jud. 15,16 (ace. Stb. 
nion she-ass; see under liOn). 

Vi^n pr. n. m. lChr.1,41 =|ipp 
(jen. 36,26. 

^'Cn I. prop, to be thick, strong, 
hence: tr. to equip, to arm for 
war; only pt.p. D^B'pn armed Ex. 
13,18; Jos 4,12, etc. (interchanged 
with DiV^n Jos.4,13). 

SJ-'Cn II. (den. from tron) only Pi. 

- T 

B'gn to take a fifth part as a tax 
U*'S2n (c. tl'nni nwm. f., m. ntt'Dn , 
c. ntt*p.n. Ave, nl2>r-tJ>pn /^. flfteen, 

m. ii>'y riK^pn 2S.9,'io a. 1^^ nfw. 

19,18.— PJ. n^B'pn. com. fifty; 1B> 

T'^pni CB'On a captain of fifty 

with 'his fifty '2K. 1,9. 
^*dn I. (from tJ^DTI) »». fifth part 

(as a tax) Gen.47,26. 
5i*bn II. (from tl'On I.J «i. abdomen, 

paunch 28.2,23 (Eng. Bible: the 
fifth rib; Stb.: the ilia). 

^tS'ttn , ''t?''Dn num. m. the fifth Gen. 
1,23; f. n''^l?n, n''B>^J2n the fifth 
Neh.6,5; also the fifth part of 
something Gen.47,24r. 

a'«i2^pn see under bDH . 

Don (c. riOn , perhaps also nfin 
Hos.7,5) f. skin-bottle Geii.21,15. 

nCn pr. n. a city in Syria Num. 
34,8, more fully n|l non Am.6,2 
or n^iX DDn 2Chr.8,3; later the 
name of ths entire district, to 
which this city belonged, called 
in full npn f^^' Jer.39,5; gent. 
"inon Qen.l6.18.' ' 

nfin pr. n. a place in Naphtali 
Jos.19,35 =1KT nbn Jos.^1,32 a. 
]ian lChr.6,61. 

jn (from ]jn ; s/'. ''jR) rn. favor, kind- 
ness ]n KVp to find favor Gen. 
30,27; ]n mi to obtain favor Est. 
2,15; ]n lOJ to give favor, to 
procure favor for one Ex. 12,36. — 
8) grace, beauty, loveliness ]n 
VriSB* the grace of his lips Pr. 
22,11; inn 1,7.U> grace is deceitful 
31,30; edjectively: ]nna>K a gra- 
cious woman Pr.11,16; DJili nJil 
|n a well-favored harlot Nah.3,4; 
IDTl^yjl a graceful roe 5,19; ji^ 
]n a precious stone 17,18. — 3) 
pr. n. TO. Zch.6,14. 

njn i""- w. m. 

T T ■• 

njn {fwt. n;n:; , ap. ] n n ; pt. nin , 
pi. n^jn , f. nin ; imp. npn , inf. 

182 l^Jr,' 

mjn) 1) to Incline, to hend nin 
Di*n nijn lo! the inclining of the 
day Jud.19,9 (identical with n'O; 
□i'n 19,8). — S) to encamp, to pitch 
one's tent, to settle, to dwell, 
'l"|j:"'?nj3 |n?1 and he encamped 
(or pitched his tent) in the valley 
of Gerar Gen 26,17; nispD irP.'J 
□nK^l IJn^l they took their jour- 
ney from Succoth, and encamped 
in Etham Ex.l3,20; htl-i^\ V.^ IJn] 
injnO-Sy ^^» and the' chi'ldreii 
of Israel shall encamp (pitch 
their tents), every man by his 
own camp Num.1,52; |3?'l3n nijn3 
when the tabernacle is to be 
pitched V. 51; with YJ : to encamp 
against, to besiege "1^5?n"7S; njn 
nnp'jl encamp against the city 
and take it 28.12,28; pt. sf. nifi 
tjih niDSy he hath scattered the 
bones of him that encampeth a- 
gainst thee Ps.53,6; with '?: to 
encamp round (for defence) njn 
VS'tS :i^20 ;: tjX^D the angel 'of 
the Lord encampeth round about 
them that fear him 34,8; ''ri''jnT 
nj'IP ''0''5? and I will encamp 
about mine house because of the 
army Zch.9,8. 

illtl pr. n. the mother of the proph- 
et Samuel 18,1,2. 

TJljn pr. n. 1) the eldest son of 
Cain Gen.4,17.— 2) son of Jared 
Gen.5,18,— 3) son of Reuben Gen- 
46,9; pntr. "ifjin Num.26,5. 

pjn pr. n. m. 




\>3f1 adj. gracious, mercifnl.- 
TilSn ''firft. n. (from ]j~i) being gra- 
cious *:)« nijn naE'n hath God 

forgotten to be gracious Ps.77,10.— 
2) caressing, entreaty n^I. ^nil 
ia?)5 \;aS lOiiini ''fia's'? my b^reath 
is strange to my wife, and my 
caressing to the children of mine 
own body Jb 19,17. 

n*ljn (from njn) f. vault, cell, 

prison; only pi. rfi^iO. Jer.37,16. 
ttjn ifut. ti'jn^; inf. D:n) I) to 


spice, to All with juice nJKfin 
iT'^.S riDjn the fig tree spiceth its 
green figs Cant.2,13 (Eng. Bible: 
the flgtree Di'tteth forth).— 2) 
to siiiualm ini< ItSJnil and they 
embalmed, him Gen.50,26; pt p. 
ff'tijn those which are embalmed 
50,3' ' 
Xtajn Oh. (=Heb. nan) wheat; pi. 

, ]^i?;Tii Bzr.7,22. 

^X'jn pr. n. 1) prince of the tribe 
of Manasseh Num.34:,23.— 2) a 
person mentioned in lChr.7,39. 

"n^Jh m. initiated person, trained 
man; only pi. sf. 'i'^^jU n^ p'^.^J! 
he armed his trained men Gen. 

nyjn (from ]in) f. mercy, favor 

ri''jn (from nsn l;^pl. nwiq a.. 
D''b''ffl) f- spear, lance. 

TTjn (M- n^n^. «»>»P- i^n) -'.^ to ini- 
tiate, to teach, to train "irii: Tjiq 

iSIT ''S"'^?? train up a child in 
the way he should go Pr.22,6. — 
2) to dedicate, to consecrate "1|*^\ 

i3jn N'7'1 tynn-n'':: nj3 that hath 

T-; ; TT •— TT 

built a new house, and hath not 
dedicated it Deut.20,5, 'm ^3;a*l 
^1 iT'S and they dedicated (conse- 
crated) the house of the Lord 

NSin Ch. (c. rSJn) f. dedication 
«?f ^?."ri''3 nSJnV 1i1i?ni and they 
offered at the dedication of the 
house of God Bzr.6,16. 

nSin (c. n|:n) /■. dedication ri^vh 
nnpB>] nSjn to celebrate the de- 
dication with joy Neh.12,27; nS^H 
n';3n the dedication of the house 

D3n (from ]n grace) adv. 1) grata- 

T • 

itously, free (prop, by grace) D|n 
t]D3 |''K free without money Ex. 
21,11.— 2) in vain, for naught, 

without cause ''rnai Din:':^ «''. 

I have not sfiid in vain Ez.6,10; 
DJn ''natO IT'Mn xbl neither do' 
ye light up my altar for naught 
Mal.1,10; ^0''T4 C|n nS I have not 
done without cause Ez. 14,23; rihhp. 
Din causeless curse Pr.26,2; "iDT 

T • 17..; 

Djn blood Ishedl without cause 
lK.2,81(Eng.Bible:innocent blood). 

'PXDJn pr. n. m. 

^DJn (^ ''OJQ) m. coll. hail-stones, 

-T-; "^"^ • 

hail Ps.78,47 (others: a sort of 

]jn (1 ''tflDs /■«<• in;, op. inn,»/'. 




A ^if^l ; pt. JJ^n ; mp. sf. ^JJin ; inf. 
jijn , sf. nJJn , and niJQ) prop, to 
be inclined (comp. Hjn), hence: 
i^ to favor, to be kind or graci- 
ous, to pity, to have or shew 
mercy IJjII N"? D^Jpt they favored 
not the elders Lam 4,16; ^''. |n^1 
DDK and the Lord was gracious 
■unto them2K.13,23; n^'N.TlS '"n^U) 
]n^ and I will be gracious to 
whom I will be gracious Ex.33, 

19; V- ''i^'^\ ^'^^'^ ^? wl^o knoweth 
whether God will be gracious to 
me 28.12,22; )nijl. ]m p^^V the 
righteous sheweth mercy and 

givethPs.37,21; VDin^i? ^^^.'7^<^ 

neither let there be any to favor 
ms fatherless children 109, 12; 
\7l|Sri J?0tJ>1 "ij^n have mercy upon 
me, and xiear my prayor Ps.4,2 
(Ps.9,14 •'JlJjn for V^n); D;;ib' ■'J^n 
■lyT have pity on me, my friends 
Jb. 19,21j ajffl'? rir the time to 
favor her Ps.I02,14. — 2) to give 
graciously, to bestow, to grant 
iwith aceus.) Q-'IiSk ]in Ig^N; DnS^H 
^IP??"'"!^' the children which God 
hath graciously given thy ser- 
vant Gen. 33,5; Cnx IJUH grant 
thein to us Jud.21,22 (Eng. Bible: 
be favorable unto them for our 
Bakes); ■'Jin TJO'^^ni and grant me 
thy law graciously Ps. 119,29. 

Niph. ]n3 to be pitied flJn.^TID 
how thou art to be pitied Jer.22, 
23 (Eng. Bible: how gracious 
Fhalt thou be). 

Fi. I. ]m {fvt. p.inv, pt. p.inD) 
to favor, to have mercy upon, to 

pity Upn"; nn£i5?-n!<1 and they shall 
favor the dust thereof Ps.102,15: 
vntt'b' D''m. lAinOI but he that 
hath mercy on the poor, happy 
is he Pr.14,21. 

Pi. II. |An (fut. \in\) to make 
graceful, lovely b^ i'^ip |Jin^ 15 
i3"|Dt$ri though he make his voice 
graceful, believe him not Pr.26, 
25 (Eng. Bible: when he speaketh 
fair, etc.). 

Hoph. ]nrj {fut. ]n.^) to be fa- 
vored, to ifnd favor "■'?3 V^"]. \r\' 
pyi 1107 let favor be shown to 
the wicked, yet will he not learn 
righteousness Is.26,10; Vra^ \r\\ xS 
\T\yr\ his neighbor flndeth no fa- 
vor in nls eyes Pr.21,10. 

Hitlip. lAnnn to implore, to be- 
seech, to make supplication (with 
h^., h , v.?"?) i'l"'^^ linw;! and I 
besought the Lord Deut. 3, 23; 
l|nO«. ''t?$fc*!?'? I would make sup- 
plication to my judge Jb.9,15; 
T1\4S^ ^J|nr,nj and they shall make 
supplication before thee 2Chr.6,24. 
]jn Ch. (=Heb. \T\; inf jnD) to 
shew mercy ];3?? |np3 by shewing 
mercy to the poor Dan.4,24. 

Itp. ]AD^!? to implore, to make 

supplication nnSx Dip pnnDi n'iiz 

i i ■•TV; tIt;I'"~ ; ■ '"t 

praying and making supplication 
before his God Dan.6,12. 

]3ri pr. n. m. of several persons.— 

Jin n''3 see under n''3 . 
7X^Jn pr- n. m. the builder of a 

tower in Jerusalem Jer.31,38. 





'Jjn pr. n. 1) a prophet 2Chr.l6,7.— 
2; brother of Nehemiah Neh.1,2.— 
3) name of several other persons. 

n''3jn , irjVlJn pr, n. 1) false proph- 
et at the time of Jeremiah Jer. 
28,1. — 2) companion of Daniel 
Dan. 1,7. — 3) name of several 
other persons, 

D3n pr. n. a city of middle Egypt 

" T 

Is.30,4 (called by the Greeks He- 
P]3n I. (M- niP-P ^} '0 flatter, to 
be hypocritical ]ri3"n^ «"'JrD^ 
^Sp.n both prophet and priest are 
hypocrites Jer.23,11. — 2) to de- 
file, to pollute nnn npjg f !!N'ni 

n^5w>i'' the earth is defiled under 
the inhabitants thereof Is. 24,5; 
f!lt'?"ri.b' fliQOl she defiled the 
land Jer.3,9. 

ffip/i.. ei'^jgrj (fut ci'^^qi) i) to 

seduce nip?n.3 ^''iUl he shall se- 
duce (Eng. Bible: corrupt) by flat- 
teries Dan. 11,32.— 2) to defile, to 

pollute tivniita f"i!^ •'S'^jnei thou 

hast polluted the land with thy 
whoredoms Jer.3,2. 

Sljn 11. m. impious person, hypo- 
crite Jb.l 3,16; 17,8; Is.9,16;jj?. D''S;.n 
!s.33,14; pi. c. 3b \E^n the hipo- 
crites in heart Jb.36,i3;\J??!2 ''P.^D? 
liJ^O with hypocritical cake-mock- 
ers Ps.35,16 (see this phrase also 

! under Jij?D). 

Fljn m. impiety, hypocrisy Is.32,6. 

nSJn /. iuiplety, profaneness Jer. 

pjH to choke. — Mph. pjUi {fut. 
pjn.^) to strangle oneself 2S.17, 
23.— Pi. pin to strangle (of lions) 

in^n pr. n. a city in Zebulun. 

*7Dn I. to he kind; only Hithp. 
ngnrin to show oneself kind, merci- 
ful nDnnn T^On D1? with the mercl- 
ful thou wilt show thyself merci- 
ful 28.22,26; Ps.18,26. 

Ton II. Pi. nisri (fut. nont) to dis- 

— T 

grace, to insult, to put to shame 
SJC'e^ TI"1Dn\-|S]esthe that heareth 
it put thee to shame Pr.25,10. 

*7Dn c^ ncn , sf. ''•icn ; pi. oncn . 

... |... .IT ■. -T . ■ 

c. '"Hpn, sf T'npn) m. l) (from 
^D^ 1.) kindness, goodness, favor, 
grace, mercy ClTi^N npp the kind- 
ness of God 2S.9,3;'ngn ^C*:N men 
of mercy (i. e, merciful men) Is, 
57,1; \nTO?1 I'lpO my goodness 
and my fortress (of God) Ps. 144,2; 
13tl!l Dlpn they forsake their own 
mercy Jon. 2,9; D'''1Dnn '^31? '^Fiiti^ 
I am unworthy of all the favors 
Gen.32,11; ...Dr npD Wr to do or 
show kindness with or to any 
one... Gen.21,23; 2S.9.3; ,„h non niDJ 
to show kindness (mercy) to... 
Gen.29,21; Ezr.7,28; ,„h npp r\m 
to extend kindness (mercy) to... 
Ps.36,11; 109,12; ,,,'^ish nOH mi 
to obtain favor Bst.2,17.— 2) (from 
*lpn II.) disgrace, shame, reproach 
Lev.20,17; DKaQ CIS^S npg the 
disgrace of nations is' sin Pr.14.. 
34.— 3) pr. n. m. lK.4,iO. 




non (3 f. .TDn , 3 pz. ffin a. ron ; 
/■«*. nep.l, a. nen; , 3 pi. p''Dn;^. ; ^i. 
ngn , pZ. D^pn ; mp. ion ; mf. niDQ) 
ij to seek protection, to take ref- 
uge ''tl'S^ n^Dn T]3 in thee my 
soul seeketh protection Ps.57,2; 
non^' TI''W? ''X? in the shadow of 
thy wings will I take refuge ib.; 
"Vi^ IDn take refuge in my shadow 
Jud'.9,15; nnXJ? h^ niOn^ to take 
refuge in the shadow of Egypt 
Is.30,2.— 2) to trust ill HDni and 
he shall trust in him Ps.64,11: 
p''"!^ IniDi non the righteous in 
his death trusteth [in God] Pr. 
14,32; n"'Dn S;''B>il2 thou that savest 
those who trust Ps.17,7; -'?3 ^^m 
13 ''pin blessed are all they who 
trust in him 2,12. 

ncn i»"- n. m. 


]lDn adj. strong, mighty. , 
niDM (from HDn) f. refuge, trust 
D11VP'''X3 rimnn the refuge (or 
trust) in the shadow of Egypt 

Tpn («f. ^Ti?n; pi. nnipn, sf. 

1''5''PD.) adj- 1) kind, benevolent, 
gracious, merciful Ps.12,2; 18,26; 
145,17; Jer.3,12.— 2) as n.: pious 
worshipper, godly man, saint Ps. 
4,4; 30,5; 31,24; 37,28. 

m^DH f. stork. 

7''Dn »». a species of locust (from 

■ppn to eat off), 
rOn ^from ]Dn) adj. mighty. 

TiSn Ch. (from Pa. IBH) ni;. want- 
ing, deficient (in weight) Daii.5,7. 

^^n (fut. hbrri) to eat off, to con- 
sume (Targ. '"Dn to make an end, 
to destroy) naiNH M^pVi}. the L-- 
cust shall consume it Deut.28,3S 

Qpn (M- DOn^) 1) to muzzle "N'''- 

itrna litr Dbnn thou shait not 

muzzle the ox when he treadeth 
out [the corn! Deut.25,4.— 2) to 

bar, to stop DnoVnTi^ ^!^^ ngDP- 

and it shall bar [the way of] tho 
passengers Bz. 39,11. 

■jDn to be strong; only Niph. to be 
made secure, to be laid up Kb 
Ipn:. n"?! ^XN^ it shall not be 
treasured nor laid up Is. 23, 18. 

ion Ch. to be strong; fig. to be 

Aph. jonn (3 pi. iJpnn; ipi. fut. 

pjpn^) to j)o.ssess Dan.7,18 a. 22. 
]pn , Ch.' (def. «:Dn , sf. . •'JDn) m. 

strength, might. 
■jSn adj. see ]iDn . 
■jpn m. strength, might; fig. riches, 

wealth T'iJn IDh-bs all the strength 
(or wealth) of the city Jer.20,5; 
■ "^il''.'^pT^ W^ "tiiey ^av« taken the, 
wealth and splendor Bz. 22,"25 ' 
(Eng. Bible: the treasure and 
precious things); nij^ltl*'; jDh the 
strength (Stb.; abundance) of sal- 
vation Is.33,6. 
t]pri (=fl2>n) to peel off, to scale 
off; on-ly Pu. redupl. pt. DSDni? p-j 
something small scaled off (or 




scaly) Ex.16, 14 (others: something 
fine and grainlike). 

nOn (fid. IDnj , pi. l-ipn: ; inf. liDH) 
to want, to lack "IDHN vh I shall 
not want Ps.23,1 ^JB^NtSs; l^g* 
"l^DHr'^t? let oil not be wanting 
on thy head Ec.9,8; with accus.: 
"I$'5 ri"]Dn k"? thou hast lacked 
nothing Deut.2,7; with '"> of the 
person: iS "IDQ^ "la'tj which he 
■wanteth 15,8.— 2) to decrease, 
to be diminished, to fail ITpn^j 
D^.Sn and the waters decreased 
Gen.8,3;1iDni ^[1711 decreasing con- 
tinually V. 5. 

Pi. "Ipn (fxd. IDDI) 1) to deprive, 
to bereave (prop, to cause to 
want) naiCSD ''B'Ei HK IDnJ? ''JK. 
I bereave my soul of good Ec. 
4,8.-- 2) to make less iniDnW 
'T'l;iSl<n £35?!? thou hast made him 
a little less than the angels 

Eiph. T'pnn i) to cause to fail 
"|ipiX t<??V*D1 and he will 
cause the drink of the thirsty to 
fail Is.32,6.— 2) to suffer want, 
to have a lack 1''pDn ^^ ^''V^^'n 
he that gathered little had no 
lack Ex.16,18. 

IDH (c. IPD) adj. deficient, wanting, 
.. -J- 

lacking, void "iffiV Ipn nnN nO what 
art thou lacking with me ? IK. 
11,22: ■<:« b^V^PP IBn am I lack- 
ing madmen ? IS.21,16; Dp^ "'^Q 
lacking bread 2S.3,29; niJI^Jp "IPD. 
void of understanding Pr.28,16; 

^.'P'lPD. lacking sense 6,32 (see 
also "IPH)- 
"Wn m. want, proverty Pr.28,22; 
Jb.30,3; once c. iv'^pn want of 
understanding Pr. 10,21 (Puerst). 

nOn »»*. wan,t D[]7. 'IDH want of bread 
Am.4,6; h's iph? for want of all 
things Deut.28,57, 

mpn pr. n. m. 2Chr.34,22 =00^ 

IIIDH w. want, deficiency, defect. 

fin (from flSn) o£?;. pure, innocent 

tin see t]in . 

{<Sn (=nDn) to cover.— Pi. «sn 
(fut. HBW.) to do secretly; Stb.: 
to impose, fig. to impute •••IKSn."'! 
ir'^l? P"^'' "If ^. °''1?1 and they 
did secretly things that were not 
right against the Lord (ace. Stb.: 
and they imputed to the Lord 
things etc.). 

nsn liJ*. p. '*1£n , c. ""IBD.) to cover, 
to veil DtyNI isn they covered 
their heads Jer.14,3 a. 4; iS 11^X11. 
•"isn and he had his head covered 
28.15,30; E*X1 ''ISn. with his head 
covered Kst.6,12. 

Mph. nsriJ to be covered ''SJ3 
t]p55 nsnj Hji'' the wings of a 
dove covered with silver Ps.68,14. 

Pi. nen (/"»«. op. fin^_ , sf. inen^i) 

to cover, to overlay 2Chr.3,5, 7, 
nsn (from fjEn; sf. insr]) f. i) cov 
ering nSil nin|-'72i"by over all 




the glory there shall be a cov- 
ering (1. e. protection) Is.4,5. — 
2) canopy, chamber of a bride 
or groom Jo. 2,16; Ps.19,6. 

nsn p>: 11 m. lChr.21,13. 

T£3n {fut. tan: ; inf. tsn , sf. nsri) i) 

to make haste, to haste X7^^J ptl^J?^ 
ItSn^ the river sweepeth violently, 
but he hasteth not Jb.40,23; SKIDS' 
VSna I said in my haste Ps.31,23; 
DU^ n|?n3 as she made haste to 
flee 2S.4:,'4:. — 2) to tremble '?« 
Itgnn SnI IS'l'^n fear not, and 
tremble not Deut.20,3. 

Niph. isnj (fut. tsn;.; pt. tsnj) 

1) to hasre, to make haste ^n."'J 
fl?!?^ ISHA 115 ^"'l David made 
haste to get away IS.23,26; Q;snri3 
2K.7,15 Ktib for D;?n3 in'^their 
haste.— 2) to be confounded 'i^njj 
ItSnj they were terrified, they 
were confounaed P8.48,6.— 3) to 
flee away in terror T|pyT 7i|T]t3 
JitSn.l at the voice of thy thunder 
they flee away Ps. 104,7 (Kng. 
Bible: they hasted away), 

jiTSn TO- haste, hasty flight Ex.] 2,11. 

Q'Sn pr. n. m. 1) a son of Benjamin 
Gei).46,21=;D3in Num 26,39.— 2) 
another person mentioned in IChr. 

]Sn to be bent, whence ign . 

|£n m. hollow of the hand: only 
du. D''|4Sn the hollows of both 
hands, tho two fists; sf. Tl''j.3n Ez. 

10.2, np'ijsn Ex. 9,8, v^sn L'e^', 

12 a. Pr.30,4; D:i?n N'7p handful 

'JSn pr. n. one of the sons of Bli 

f]Sn I. (pt. r|3n) '0 cover, to pro- 
tect, to shield Di'D"''! 1''^?^ ^Sn 
he will shield him all the day 

f|Sn II. ace. Ges, to rub off, to 
wipe off, to wash off; hence r|in , 

Y^n (fut. fsn: , f^sn; ; inf. fan) i) 

to bend, to curve iOJI fSIT he 
bendeth his tail Jb.40,i7.— '2; to 
be favorably inclined to some- 
thing, to desire, to like ''riVSn Ipn 
I desired mercy Hos.6,6; "'PlXJin N^ 

'l^'^K- ^ ^^^^ "o' ''° '^^^8 'i^*" 13eut. 
2o,8; with i : to have delight in, 
to have affection for :ipyini3 f gn 
he had delight in Jacob's daughter 

|*£n (pi. cvsn, c. ''vsn; /■. nvsQ) 

aty. delighting in, desiring, will- 
ing nriN V^'":}, fsn '^N* nS thou art 
not a God delignting in wicked- 
ness Ps.5,5; nm psn DN if thnu 
art willing (i.e. if it please thee) 
IK 2 1,6; nvsq C*§j3 with a willing 
mind lChr.28,9; •''[JIV ''X.Sn those 
that desire my righteousness Ps 

35,27; nn''X9p Ps.111,2 =nq''V|3n 

those that desire them, 

fSn (sf •'Vfri; pi. D^-isn, c. •')fs[t, 

sf ^''VSq) m. 1) desire, wish 2S. 
23,5; IK 10,13; Jb.31,16; pleasure, 
delight Ps.1,2; Kc.5,3; with D^S-) : 




willingness of the hands, indus- 
triousnesRPr.31,13.— 2^ something 
desirable, precious; pi. D^VBn'bSI 
n3"nt2>^. X7 and all desirable (pre- 
cious) things are not to be com- 
pared to it Pr.8,11; as adj.: \JI1S 
f*?n precious stones Is 54,12; tinp 
DVBD their desired havi^n Ps.lG7, 
30.— 3) use, value f?)n ''nnn use- 
ful words Ec.22,10; 13 Y$^'V^ '''?5 
as a vessel without any value 
(a useless vessel) Hos.8,8 — 4) 
business, pursuit, matter 3''ffri DN 

••tynp Qi^3 Tivsn riti>y n'^Ji nWo 

if thou turn away thy foot from 
the sabbath, from doing thy bu- 
siness on my holy day Is.58,13i 
{'Sn'73'7 ny there is a time for 
every pursuit Bc.3,1; 7?? nO'^O' -t? 
{'Snn marvel not at the matter 
ni"''^flri (my delight is in her) 
pr. n. 1) the mother of the king 
Manasseh 2K.21,1.— 2) symbolic 
name of Zion Is. 62,4. 

*J£n (fut. ISn^ ; inf. isn) 1) to dig 
"iKSn-DN "'VTiSr^ I have digged 
the' well 'Gen.21,30; '7E^. 13 fM ish 
he that diggeth a pit shall fall 
into it Ec.I0,8; fig. of enemies: 
^B*Bj^ 1"isn they have digged for 
my soul Ps.35,7; of a horse; to 
dig into, to paw ^'QV.^ ^^SH.^ they 
paw in the valley Jb.39,21.— 2) 
fig. to dig for, to search out, to 
3spy D"'Jin;?Ep I.TlSnil they dig 
for it more than for hidden treas- 
ures Jb.3,21; SSN ISn D;^D from 

there he espieth his food 39,29; 
ftl^'J'^H "ISD^ to search out the 
country Jos.2,2; 33irn nt23S niSm 
Jb.11,18 ace. Stb.: and having 
searched out a place for thyself, 
thou wilt lie in safety (.Eng. 
Bible: thou shall dig about thee, 
and thoia shalt take thy rest in 
safety; see also underlfiPlbelow). — 
nils i2n'2Is.4,20=nilg1Sn|?; see 

1£n {fut. isn; , pi. nsn; , -^ nsn:.) 

prop, to become red, hence: to 
blush, to be ashamed, to be put 
to shame ''t:>p31D nsn-^3 1B>3-''3 
^inyT for they are confounded, for 
they are brought unto shame, 
that seek my hurt Ps 71,24; IN'S 
nsn.^l ?''7.^ they came thither, 
and were ashamed Jb.6,20i Dn\jB^ 
1"l£n^_." . K and their faces were not 
ashamad Ps 34,6; poet. T\:d^n nnsni 
nann n^ill then the moon shall 
be ashamed, and the sun con- 
founded; with ]P: because of 
DfllD? ip i-iJIinp nsnni and ye 
shall be ashamed because of the 
gardens that ye have chosen Is. 
1,29; 33^'n nD5^ Pism Jb 11,18 
ace. Ges : now thou art ashamed, 
then shalt thou lie down in quiet 
(see also under 1£n above). 

Bipli 1"isnn (fut. T'sm) 1) to 
bring to shame, to cause dis- 
grace T'snii t:^iN3ij;u*:;i but the 

wicked bringeth shame and 
causeth disgrace Pr.13,5; a'''3a ]3 
l^BtlDI a son that bringeth shame 




and causeth disgrace Pr.19,26. — 

2) to be put to shame, to be 
ashamed •'■:''Snn vh \3 ''D^3r|-'7K 
thou shalt not be confounded, 
for thou shalt not be put to 
shame Is. 54, 4; fig. fJN n^'^»!< 
]iJ^b T'Snrithe earth languisbeth, 
Lebanon is ashamed 33,9. 

ISn pr. n. 1) a city in Judah, once 
a Canaanitlsh capital Jos.12,17.— 

3) "IrDD ^^ a city in Zebulun, 
the birth-place of the prophet 
Jonah 2K.14,25; with H loc. Hn^ 
ISn Jos.19,18.— 3) son of Gilead 
Num. 27,1; gent. "I'ISn lb.— i) one 
a" David's warriors lChr.11,36. — 
5) a person mentioned in IChr. 

Q''1Sn JB»". n. a place in Issachar. 

PISn pif- n. an Egyptian king, 
contemporary of Nebuchadnezzar 

mSISn {redupl. from ISn) prop, 
digging animal, hence: mole, rat; 
onJy in niQ nsnS Is.2,20, for 
which there should be miSIBnS 
to the moles, 

{J,*£n (=Targ. DSn ; fut. trsm , pt. 
a>£n) prop, to dig, hence: to seek, 
to search, n3^3nn n''iD;pi331 and 
searchest for her as for hidden 
treasures Pr.2,4; nl'?iy ia>Sm they 
search out iniquities Ps. 64, 7j 
Iji^'p, HB'Snj let us search our 
ways 'Lam.3,40; |^^""'?!in-'?3 tJ>Sn 
searching all the inward parts 
of the body Pr.20.27. 

Niph. t!>Snj to be searched out 
v^isvD iv^i'wy 1{J>snj Tl''^' how 
are'Lthe treasures] of Esau search- 
ed out! how are his hidden things 
laid open ' Ob. 6. 

Pi. B>£n (fut ti'En';) l) to search, 
to examine, to search out Itysni 
T]ri''5~i"l^ they shall search (exam- 
ine) thy house IK.20,6; ^Fi^^n) 
iriN and I will search him out 
IS.23,23.— 3) fig. to make search, 
to inquire ''nn B'.Sn'O and my spir- 
it maketh search Ps.77,7. 

Pu. trsn (fut. mn\ ■ pt. vBnc) 

1) to be hidden (prop, to let one- 
self be sought) a>si;i: n''Vttn mpa 

D^^it when the wicked rise, a man 
is hidden Pr.28,12 (comp. v. 28).— 
3) to be searched out, to be de- 
vised B>Snp B>,5n devised plan Ps. 
64,7 (Bng. i3ible: a diligent search). 
Hitlip. tysnrin to disguise one- 
self, to be changed (prop, to let 
oneself be sought; comp. Pu) 

cin^ Dinj5 c'3':>i h^nf s^snm 

and Saul disguised himself, and 
put on other garments IS. 28,8; 
Ty^'J-^): 1SS3 tysnn.'^ and ho dis- 
guised himself with a head-cover- 
ing over his eyes IK.20,38; nVaT.3 
^m:h_ B>finn^. by the great force 
[of disease] my garment (i. e. 
skin) is changed Jb.30,18. 

yj'fin (from b'Sn) TO. device, plan 
(prop, something searched out) 
Ps.64r,7 (see 2>Sn Pu. 3). 

ti'Sn 1) Ges. a. Puerst: to stretch 
out, to spread out, whence tygPI .— 

V I 


2) to be free; only Pu. rirj to be 
set free, to be freed nB*£n Hh she 
was not freed Lev.19,20. 
B'Sn (from trsn 1; sf ''tJ'Bn) m. 1) 
a spreading out ^^^u tl'?n '''1^3 
outspread coverings for riding 
Ez. 27,20 (Eng. Bible: precious 
clothes for chariots). — 2) couch 
(prop, spreading out) ''Mn D^HQ? 
my couch is among the dead (Eng. 
Bible: free among the dead). 

HB-'Sn f- freedom, release Lev.19,20. 

niS^'Sn , iT'B^Bn f. prop, stretching, 
prostration, hence: n''tl'Bnn r''3 
a sick-house, a hospital 2K.15,5i 

itJ'Sn ipl. D''t?Sn) adj. 1) free from 
service T'hS?? ''tj'?? 15:^. the serv- 
ant is free from his master Jb. 
3,19; ''tJ'ED nW or ''?>Bni? vh^ to 
let go free Deut.15.12; Ex. 21,26; 
iK'Sn NV or ''B'Sn'^ S'Y' to go out 
free, to be set free Ex.21,2 a. 5.— 
2) exempt from taxes IS. 17,25. 

J>n (from f Vn ; sf. ""in , T\^n ; pi. 
ni?n , c. ^XD , sf. Tl"i|^n , once Tj^'Sf.VD) 
TO. i^ arro\v Lam. 3,12; with HV : 
to shoot an arrow 2K. 19,23; '''P.ya 
G^'iT} masters of arrows, i. e. arch- 
ers Gen. 49.23; fig. of lightning: 
ryin "l 'S the light of thy arrows 
Hab3,ll; ID^HO: ^^V.^D ^b' thine 
a.-rows (i. e. lightnings) also went 
abroad Ps.77,]S; also poet evil, 
calamity, infliction, disease ""^n 
D''SJ"in aSJin the evil arrows (ca- 

■■ TT T TT 

lamities) of famine Ez.5.16i ""/.II 

"^"^^ the arrows (inflictions) of the 
Almighty Jb 6,4; •'Vn E*1JK ace. 
Puerst: my disease is deadly Jb. 
34,6 (Eng. Bible: my wound is 
incurable); DTD "I'in TStf'S" I will 
make mine arrows drunk with 
blood Deut.32,42; {'ni?: V'iU), and 
he shall pierce them through with 
his arrows Num. 24,8 (Ges.: he 
doth shake his arrows in blood; 
see f no .3).— ^V.G IS.20,36 forfQ .- 
2) nVD fn IS 17,7 ace. Ges.: the 
point of a spear; but ace. Kri and 
in parallel passages 2S.21,I9 and 
lChr.20,5, the reading is f y 'wood', 
i. e. staff or handle of a spear. 

I'Sn-, iVn (/Mi. itni; pt 3Vn and 

j^in , pi. D'5vn ; pt. p. 2m , pi. 

U^^ViC.) 1) to cut, to hew, to cleave 
J^\'J \Wb' Ji^nS to hew squared 
stones ■lChr.22,2; nn.1S?J nsyn 
nUiB* she hath hewn her seven 
pillars Pr.9,1; '?5? ]nin ISEOiq 
13 DV'nn shall the ax boast itself 
against him that heweth there- 
with? Is. 10,15; of wells, pits or 
mines: to dig l^'^ D^3«.n ri"i31 
nilYirNS and wells digged, which 
thou diggedst not Deut. 6, 11; 

nB*nj ivnn ■Tl'inoi and of its 

hills thou mayest dig brass F,9; 

poet, of lightning: mq';: ixn ;•>. Sip 

K'tjt the voice of the Lord cleav- 
eth the flames of Are (i. e. ace. Ges.: 
sends forked lightnings) Ps.29.7.— 
2) fig. to cut off, to kill \'iasn 
D''S"'3il3 I cut them off by proph- 
ets (i. e. ace. Ges.: I announce to 

X T 

them death and destruction) Hos. 

Niph. ytni to be cut, to be gra- 
ven ]i::Vn.l''il5f3 Tib that they be 
graven in the rock for ever Jb. 

Pu. yin to be hewn out; fig. 

nriyio nis h^ its^an look unto the 

rock whence ye are hewn Is. 51,1. 
Hiph. i'^Vpn to cut, to slay; pt. 
f. rinn n^^bsD that hath cut 
Rahab (Egypt) ls.51,9. 

(Tin {flit. n^Ol, ap- r Gil) 1) to di- 
vide D^jy.J3 ]^?. inivp.^, shall they 
divide him among merchants? Jb. 
40,30; D^a'Nn n00 QX.n*! and 
he divided them into three com- 
panies Jud.9,43. — 3) to halve, to 
divide into two parts TlK fn^J 
i^iJ^D •^wh ...niJn and he divided 
the people into two bands Gen. 
32,S; nipSan ns; rV'-^n) and divide 
the prey into two parts Num.31, 
27; DiTO^. I^fp.l i<b they shall not 
halve their days (i. e. they shall 
not live out half their lives) Ps. 
55,24; n^.n^. lari Ti [the stream! 
shall divide him even to the neck. 
1. e. rise to the neck and there 
divide him as it were into two 
parts ls.30,28 (Eng. Bible: shall 
reach to the midst of the neck); 
,„ |n mnp n-in to divide off a 
half from.!. Num 31,42. 

Niph. nynj (fut nxn^, ap. fni) 
to be divided ninn ^sikS fnni 

DlfifD and it shall be divided 
toward the four winds (directions) 

192 y^n' 

' T 

of heaven Dan.11,4; T^^ 1OT n"?] 
ni^^po ■'riE'b neither shall they 
be divided into two kingdoms 
any more Ez 37,22; n|nT.nfn 1 Vn.'.l 
and they were divided hither and 
thither 2K.2,8. 
Tj^jn pr. n. 1) a Canaanitish city 


which later came in possession 
of the tribe of Naphtali Jos.11,1, 
etc. — 2) a city in Benjamin Neh. 
11,33. — 3) two cities in Judah 
Jos. 15,23 a. 2o; one is called also 
piVD V. 25.— 4) a region of 
Arabia on the other side of the 
Euphrates Jer.49,28. 
nmn 'll^n (New Hazor) pr. n. a 

T — ; T 

city in Juda Jos. 15,25, so called 
to distinguish it from "livn 15,23. 

mil^n see niv'vn.. 

nl:in (c. nivn) f. half, middle niXQI 
Tl'^yl about the middle of the 
night (midnight) Ex.n,4. 

'"in , -^ •'Vn («/•. i^VD , ij.lVn) m. half, 
middle, midst n^sn ''Vn half a 
cubit IK.7,35; ''Vninp'a cubit 
and a half Ex.25,10; n^ilU 70.3 
in the middle of the night (at 
midnight) 12,29; T'D;iYn.3 in the 
midst of his days Jer.l7,lli IJ.^Vn 
half of us 2S.18,3.— ■'Xn 18.20^ 
36 = f n , which see. 

mnjJpn '^n pr. n. a place in 
Judah lChr.2,52; (ace. some a 
flame of a person); gent. ■'JTinjan 'VC! 
V. 25. 

TSn w. 1) grass, herbage Jb.8,12; 
hay 40,15; leek, coll. leeks NuTn* 



11,5; c. rtJl^ I'^Vn the grass on the 
house-tops Is. 37, 27; Ps. 129, 6.— 
5) = 'lS'5 enclosure, court Hri^ni 

njy.! ni3:?S n^vn n'^^o n.i^ it shaii 

be an habitation for dragons, and 
a court for owls Is.34,13; nij3 

Kpj; r\iph T'vn nvoT n'^in in the 

habitation of dragons, where each 
lay, shall be a court for reeds 
and rushes 35,7. 

I^n (sf. iJVH) m. bosom, lap (others: 

'arm) 121:D iiVdl "iX^P i£3 k'tP f<H* 
■wherewith the mower fiUeth 
not his hand; nor he that bindeth 
sheaves his bosom Ps. 129,7 

'][^J^ i^\)Sr\)m, arm, bosom, lap IN'^^HI 

IS'n? tj^Ja they shall bring thy 

sons in their arms ls.49,22; sf. 

irriyJ ^5Vn"D5 also I shook my 

lap Neh.5,13. 
Fjin Ch. to be severe.— Aph. pt. 

KBVnna a. NEVnO severe, strict, 

urgent Dan.2,15; 3,22. 
^>^fn (akin to nvn; pt. fin) to 

divide, to form divisions or bands 

locusts have no king, yet they go 
forth all of them in bands (di- 
visions) Pr.30,27. 

Pi. Y^ri to divide; pt. pi. D'^VVD? 
those who divide the flocks Jud. 
5,15 (.Puersf. those marching in 
bands, comp. fVh above; older 
interpreters; archers, as den. from 
fri).— Perhaps D"'VVQ'? is for 
QinVVni? 'trumpeters', which 
would suit the context vo».y well; 

thus: D2> CSNE'D ]''3 D'^VVOO "^^l? 
;■'. nipIV 1^0':' louder than the 
voice of the trumpeters in the 
places of drawing water, there 
shall they rehearse the righteous 
acts of the Lord. 

Pu. fVn to be cut off, to be 
shortened 'iXtifn V^in "ISDDI when 

T ; T tt; " I ' 

the number of his months are cut 
off Jb.21,21 (Ges.: divided out, al- 

P'Sn ni. 1) fragmeiit, gravel-stone 
\4 f^ng DIJll he hath broken 
my teeth with gravel-stones Lam. 
8.16; f^n >in"'S vhB\ his mouth - 
shall be filled wit'i gravel Pr.20, 
17. — 5^=1^0 arrow; only pi. sf. 
T]''V.'!fn thy arrows (poef. for light- 
nings) Ps.77,18. 

^CFl~l'^in pr. 1'- a city on the 

T T : — 

western shore of the noad Sea, 

famous for its palm-trees Gen. 

14,7; afterwards ''1fl,l''V. 2Chr.20,2. 

'n^'Sn radx' from ivn , which see, 

n"ii'in tfrom nvn 2; pi niT^vq) f. 

trumpet Num. 10,2; Hos 5,8. 
"I^n 1) to surround, to enclose, 
whence IVn a. ■|"'¥n 2.— 2) to be 
green, whence "l^Vp 1. — 3) to 
sound, whence redupl. n^VXn. . 

PL ISn (den. from nnvvd) to 
blow the trumpet; only pt. O^t^n^ 
(Ktib D''1XVnp) the trumpeters 

Hiph. I^VnD same as Pi.; only 
pt. nnvoe (Ktib n"'1VVDP) IChr, 
15,24 and in other passages. 

ISn 194 

Xin (from ivn 1; c. ivn ; pi. onvn , 

c." "I'nvn a. nilXn , c. nnVD) com. 
i^ court, yard, enclosure !V3 "ISQ 
I'^SlI the court of the king's 
^ouse Est. 5,1; n^ffiSH *1^n the 
court of the prison Jer.32,8;ni"lVD3 
''i?"!pTin the courts of my holiness 
ls.62,9.— 2) village, town SdI 

rt'^i^n nnrn nia'':)D itj>K nni-ixri 

VT 'TV ■ ; V -; V ":- 

and all their villages that were 
round about these cities IChr.l, 

33; atyn nnxn visri lann iNti>'' 

inp. let the wilderness and the 
cities thereof lift up their voices, 
also the villages which Kedar 
inhabiteth Is. 42, 11; nri''lVn4i 
DpI^Dil by their towns, and by 
their castles Gen. 25,16. — 3) in 
geographical names: ]iD''rin IVn 
(the middle village), a place on 
the borders of Hauran Ez.47,16. — 
'"■J- "^-^ ^ '^^^y i" Judah Jos. 15, 
27,- I'-JK IVn a village on the 
border of Judah Num.34,4:.— "IVn 
nom Jos.10,5 a. Cl''pB IVn IChr! 
4,31, a village in Simoon. — IVQ 
]1'''J Num.34,9; Ez.48,1 = ]ij''y lYn 
Ez.47,17, a village on the north- 
ern border of Palestine. — 'iVn 
"^y^tl* a place in Simeon Jos. 15, 
28 etc. 

Ill'in pr. n. 1) son of Reuben Gen. 
46,9; patr. i^'lVH Num.16,6.— 2) 
son of Perez Gen.46,12.— 3) a 
city in Judah Jos. 15,3 = li^n 
V. 25. 

rilTSn pr. n. a station of the Is- 
raelites in the desert Num. 11.35. 


'''yiitl pft n, m. 

mO'liri (court of death) pr. n. son 

••■IT :--; 

of the Arabian progenitor Joktan 
Gen. 10,26. A district in Arabia 
situated on the Indian Ocean and 
noted for the insalubrity of its 
climate still bears the name 

pri see p''n. 

pn (from ppn; yn , sf. ij^g, D5f?n; 
pi. D''|?n , c. ''(^n) m. 1) decree, stat- 
ute, law, custom "lb??! K^l |DJ"pn 
he hath made a decree which 
shall not pass Ps.148,6; •'illsS •?{''ii;f\ 
teach me thy statutes 119,64; of 
the laws of nature: I^^S in£J>i?3 
pn when he made a law for the 
rain Jb.28,26; '^Xn'E'^l pn-\nnj and 
it was a custom in Israel Jud. 
11,39.— 2) limit, bound D^S iDltfi 
ipn when he gave to the sea its 
bounds Pr.8,29; ph ''SaS H^S my£51 

1 'I • : * T ■ t-;t 

and she opened her mouth with- 
out bound Is. 5,14.— 3) appointed 
share, task •'j^q DG'?. ''J3''1.t?n let 
me eat the share of bread ap- 
pointed unto me Pr.30,8; xS i'lID 
D5pn □0''?? wherefore have ye 
not fulfilled your task? Ex,5,14. 

^'^ f~ PI-t' ''° "U' int-Oi to carve, 
to engrave {Kal not used). 

Pm. npn {pt. n^jyq) to be en- 
graved, to be carved 'h)l HpniD 
"Tipn engraved (Eng. Bible: por- 
trayed) upon the wall Ez.8,10; 
^PBIp'^'i 1^']? ^?l ^fi) and he 
covered Ithenil with gold fitted 




upon the carved work IK.6,35. 

Hithp. nj^nnn (fut. n^nri\) to 

set a mark or limit "iSjl lE^'ltr h'J 
^^UO^ around the roots (soles) 
of my feet thou settest a mark 

npn (= pn , c. r\pr[ ; pi. nfry) f. 

ordinance, statute, law, custom 

f?!^? nirfctj?^ ijSi ngb t\':t\\ nnx npn 

ye shall have one ordinance, both 
for the stranger, and for him that 
was born in the land Num.9,11; 
DijiJ? njsn a perpetual statute Lev. 
3,17; of the laws of nature: nipPI 
{'"INT. DID^ the ordinances (laws) 
of heaven and earth Jer.83,25; of 
moral laws: tiSt n"nn nipi;!? if 
he walk in the statutes of life 
XS^Dn i"". «• »*■ Ezr.2,51. 

T 1 -; 

pi^n (= np^n; 2 nipn, sf. n^r>n; 

^t. pp'n ; pt. p. pipn i imp. sf. npj] ; 
inf. pn , sf. ipCI) 1) to cut, to en- 
grave, to inscribe, to draw, to 
mark Sh HE'D ySg^ ippn who cut- 
teth out in the rock a habitation 
for himself 13.22,16; ^pn 150. ht] 
and inscribe it in a book 30,8; 

ninn v.?""?!? i\n ipna when he 

drew a circle over the face of 
the deep Pr.8,27.— 2) to pre- 
scribe, to decree |1X "'p.pD D''ppnn 
those that decree decrees of un- 
righteousness Is. 10, 1; hence pt. 
ppn judge, ruler Jud.5,9. 

Pi. pfh {fut. pp.n;') to inscribe 
laws, to decree p^'S ^ppnj niJp] 
and princes decree justice Pr.8, 

15; pt. ppJlD a) lawgiver Is.33,22; 
Ps.60,9, hence; governor, ruler 
Jud.5,14. 6^ scepter Gen.49,10;Num. 
21,18; DnJJJE^pa ppnP? with the 
scepter, with their staves. 

Pu. p(?n prop, to be engraved, 
hence: to be decreed, ordained; 
pt. pi^np what is ordained, i. e, 
a law Pr.31,5. 

Hoph. pnin {flit, pn^) to be en- 
graved, inscribed ipn^l 1203 ]F\''."'T? 
oh that they were inscribed (Bng. 
Bible: printed) in a book! Jb, 
ppn (only c. pi. '' p.p n) m. decree 

\1^ ''p.pT' decrees of unrigh- 
teousness Is. 10,1; fig. 3 v " '' p.p 
decrees of the heart Jud.5,15 (Eng. 
Bible: thoughts of heart). 

ppn , ppin pr. n. a city on the 
border between Asher and Naph- 
tali Jos.19,34; lChr.5,60 = njT.'pp 
Jos.21,31 a. njj'pp 19,25. 

npn {fut. I'pp:; imp. sf ''J^i?!?; inf 
"I p n) to make search, to search 
out, to explore, to examine, to 

sound ita'^n pihii^i mpm ntyini 

then shalt thou inquire, and make 
search, and ask diligently Deut. 

13,15; ipin Kin jT'Ssn-SaS he 

searcheth out all perfection Jb. 
28,3; IJn 'Ipn n^a^r? nnsthe hon- 
or of kings is to search out a 
matter Pr. 25, 2; f^??"'^^' '^^^^ 
nnpnSi to spy out the land and 
to search it Jud.18,2; TiliJ Ipn^."'? 
*iiS' when I have sounded my 
father IS.20,12; B*\S IW;? Djn 




l^^pni Y^O h•^^l T*?*!? the rich man 
is wise In his own eyes; but the 
poor man that hath understand- 
ing searcheth him out (i. e. de- 
tects him) Pr.21,11. 

Niph. to be searched out, 
to be ascertained -i7t!>D "Ipnj N7 
nE'njn the weight of the copper 
was not ascertained (found out) 
IK.7,47; fl^ np'a npn:.1 and if 
the foundations of the earth can 
be searched out Jer.31,36. 

Pi. Ijjn to find out, to seek out 
"^Wi V-H) hs gave good heed, and 
sought out Ec.12,9. 

npn (pl- c. ^tlpn) TO. searching out, 
examination □'liiaipn the search- 
ing out of their honor Pr.25,27 
(see also under nii|); ipn ]iK 
no searching out, i. e. unsearch- 
able 25,3; ipn-xSl V'jV ISpa the 
number of his years are unsearch- 
able Jb.36,26; ^h ''X<U the search- 
ings (deliberations) of the heart 
Jucl.5,16.— 2) object of searching, 
depth, secret Dinfl "ipn the depth 
of the abyss Jb.38,16; fig. Ipn 
ni"?.^ the secret about God 11,7. 

in see Tn I. a. II. 
in see Tin II. a. lin II. 

HTl to clean from dirt, whence 

v|-.- ' T-;- 

Xnn m. excrement, dungj only pi. 
sf. D.TNin = Dinvsnn their own 
dung Is.36,12, for which D.TSn 
= DDnn 2K.18,27. The Krl has 
euphemistically DnXiV whose 

vowels (^^') are put to the words 
in the text, 
i'ln (At*. aiGl; imp. f. ^arin) 1) 
intr. to dry up, to be dried up, 
to be wasted f^KH hvn D^^D U'lfl 
the waters were dried up off the 
earth Gen. 8, 13; E*;?;'! :iiq.\.1?41 and 
the river shall be wasted and 
dried up Is.19,j; of a country: to 
be waste or desolate inS inp 
^"^D.^ from generation to gene- 
ration it shall lie waste 18.34,10; 
of a nation: to be destroyed D'.iJin 
Uin^. Jin the nations shall be 
utterly destroyed ls.60,12.— 2) tr. 
to waste, to destroy D^inni 3"in 
OD^tin^ waste and utterly destroy 
after them Jer.50,21; nns '^2 IJin 
destroy (slay) all her bullocks 
v. 27. 

Niph. ^'DUi V to be laid waste 
^5.p.G.^ "I''V a desolate city Ez.26, 
19, pi. n^'in.i nnr desolate cities 
30,7.— 2) to destroy one another, 
to fight together Cp^SH Uinj 
the kings destroyed one another 

Pu. 3ln to be dried D-in!? Cnn; 
IJ'in'N? IB'N moist cords which 
have not been dried Jud.16,7 a. 8. 

Hiph. i''inr! 1) to dry up innx 
D^ I dry up the sea Is.50,2.— 2) 
to lay waste, to destroy DH'^^SJI 
■^''"^nD ^"'^ he laid waste their 
cities Ez.19,7; 1iV"iX J^nD the 
destroyer of our country Jud.l6, 
24; n^iiin-ntj ...U''inn they have 
destroyed... the nations 2K.19,17. 




Hoph. 35nn 1) to be laid waste 

nannn hn'pbn i wiu be fliied, 

now she is laid waste Ez.26,2; 
fli^^nD Cl''^y cities that are laid 
waste Ez. 29,12.— 2) to destroy 
one another CsSsn UlPi i^ipn 
the kings have surely destroyed 
one another 2K.3,23. 

2nn {= Heb. nin) Ch. to lay 
waste. — Hoph. S^n^ to be laid 
waste, destroyed. 

inn adj. 1) dry Lev.7,10; f. ni^.J^I 
a dry morsel Pr.17,1.— 2) waste, 
desolate Ons* |''^!D S<in ilQ it is 
desolate without man Jer.33,10; 

nann "iniK niiap n''3 the place 

of my fathers' tombs is desolate 

Nch.2,3; pi. f. ni:innn n''i.VO *ii« 

desolate cities Ez. 36,35. 

yy^ {pi. nu'nn. , c. nin^n) /■. j; 

= ain drought, dryness Deut.28, 
22; 17 (Stb.).— 
2) sword (prop, destruction) t]..'t^ 
ann drawing a sword Jud.8,10; 
ann "i^S with the edge of the 
sword "2K.15,14.— 3) any sharp 
instrument: razor Ez.5,1; knife 
(of stone) Jos 5,2; ax Ez.26,9. 

2"in, Olin^r. M. Horeb, a peak of 
Mount Sinai Bx.3,1; also general 
name for the whole mountain, 
where the law was given to Moses 
Deut. 1,6 a. 4,10. 

i"fri m. 1) drynese, drought Jud. 
6,37; heat l3.25,4.— 2) desolation, 
waste ann ''l^ cities of desola- 
tion (i. e. waste cities) 18.61,4; Dnn 

riDDE' a waste of desolation liz. 

V^^^n (pi. niann , c. niann) f. i) 

desert, waste {''nKH nj^J? n|^nS 
the land shall bo a waste Jer.7, 
34; D^iy niDnn the waste places 
of old Is.58,12; H^O?* yfp ni^in 
deserts of desolation Ez.29,10. — 
2) desolation, ruin nr;.|Pl ni^^nn] 
and the ruins shall be rebuilt 

Ez.36,10; idS ni^nn cian who 

build up ruins (i. e. places soon 
to be ruined) for themselves Jb. 
3,14; \hyiA-' □'<"IJ □''TO nunm and 
the ruins of the fat ones shall 
strangers eat Is. 5,17. 
,"Ii"in /"• dryness, dry land Gen. 7, 

T tt; 

22.— na^nn Ez.26,2 belongs to 

y\V\ , which see. 
Iliin tn. heat, drought; pi. c. \Ji3*]n 

fjp. the drought (or heat) of 

summer Ps.32,4. 
XJUin pr, n. Persian eunuch Est. 

Jin (M- iini) to tremble unrv 

Dn"'ni1J:pl2D they shall tremble 
out of their close places Ps.l8, 
46 (in the parallel passage 2S. 
22,46 1'liinil; see IJn). 

y^iri m. species of locust. 

mn (flit. T!l.n.^.) i) to tremble, to 
be afraid n^inj^ nniQ pn^. T!!.aLl 
and Isaac trembled very exceed- 
ingly Gen.27,33; ^2h inn^. DWb 
at this my heart trembleth Jb, 

37,1; TOkS "^V^'b^ 2*"!^ ^"'"JQy 
and they trembled, saj'ing one 



to another Gen.42,28. — 2) to start, 

to hasten onvap nijsv? 

they shall hasten as birds out 
of Egypt Hos.ll.U;; CJ^l ITID.! 
l]^P the children shall hasten 
from the west v, 10: mn QVn Soi 

:t TT t; 

1'''5Qfi and all the people followed 
him" hastily IS.13,17; \i^>] m.q.Jj 
iriN'lp'? Tiyn and the 'elders of 
the town came hastily to meet 
him 16,4:; with 7N; : to be anxious, 

to care for h^-r.i< ij-'^K nnin nJin 

PNin nn'inn thou hast cared for 
us with all this care 2K.4,13. 

Siph. Ii^pn {pt. to ter- 
rify, to make afraid iriN ''iFl'innni 
and I will terrify him 2S.17,2; 
'I^'IQP ]^^. none shall make you 
afraid Lev.26,6. 
Tin (pi. D^iq) adj. 1) trembling 
1!ipi i^'."!!'' ''P whosoever is fear- 
ful and afraid Jud.7,3.- 2) to be 
anxious (with hv) niH 13^ .TH ''3 
DTi'^M P»< '^2? for his heart was 
anxious for the ark of God IS. 4, 
13. — 3) revering, reverent (with 
h'i , h^ or 3) n3T h-i Tin who 
is revering my word Is.66,2 (with 

Sk v. 5); iJiri'7K nivna onrinn 

those who are revering the com- 
mandment of our God Ezr.10,3. 
"inn , liin pr. TO. a place in Gilboa 
with a fountain 1in pa Jud.7,1; 
g'eni. liin 28.23,25. 

TriT\ (c. rii"in ; 2??. niTiQ) /■. i; 

XT-; • ■ ^ • 

terror, fear, consternation ni'V] 
D">? the fear of man Pr 29,2'5; 
with nin : to tremble pnVl ^1^*.I 

nSilJI nnin and Isaac trembled 
greatly Gen.27,33; D\l'?.X nTB 
a terror of God, i. e. great con- 
sternation IS.14,15. — 2) anxiety, 
care (see lin 2). — 3) pr. n. a 
station of the Israelites in the 
desert Nuni.38,24. 

mn (fut. nim, ap. in\; inf. rtlH, 
niin) to burn, to glow, to be 
kind'led, to be wrath .Tin Onn^in. 
^1 was the Lord wroth against 
the rivers? Hab.3,8: 1J3 DSK Diira 
when their wrath was kindled 
against us Ps.124,3; nnn Qiy-in-Ss? 
■"SN mine anger was kindled 
against the shepherds Zch.10,3. — 
2) to be wroth, to be angry ns? 
Hx '"'JP '^'^y ^'"'' thou wroth? Gen. 
4,6; npAJ/yS in'';'?X be not angry 
with yourselves 45,5. 

Niph. ninj to be angry, to be 
incensed ''3""^in.J ^I3N ''J3 my 
mother's children were angry 
with me Cant. 1,6; pt. pi. D''"]njn 
t]| they that were incensed against 
thee Is. 41,11. 

Pi- i^^nri (fut. rTinn)) to rival, 
to contend HKi mnnb nm •'s 

VT r V- ; - ; X - 

because thou rivallest with cedar 
buildings Jer.22,15;"nKn'nnnn tj^K 
CpIDH how canst thou contend 
with horses? 12,5. 

Hiph. n^Op (fut. n'^Ul , ap. iqi) 
1) to kindle, to stir up (anger) 
m ■'52^ inil he hath kindled his 
wrath against me Jb. 19,11.— 2) 
to act with ardor, to be zealous 
^1"1| P''inn ninn. I't'^qt* after him 




Baruch zealously repaired Neh. 

mthp. n^nnn [fut. ap. inn^j to 

fret oneself, to be angry "innn"'?K 
3?':?': Hb' fret not thyself in any 
wise to do evil Ps.37,8; with 3 : 
D''yni?3 nnipn h» fret not thyself 
because of evil-doers v. 1 
n\Tin pr. n. m. 

T-; ; - 

nl^n see 1in. 

T^"in (only pi. DVI"!!]) m. string of 

pearls or corals Cant. 1,10. 
^i|in ipl. n'^h'^n) m. thorn, nettle 

C'^'ilQ '1''^? '"^I nettles had covered 
its face Pr.24,31. 
flD^'in pr. n. m. Neh.3,10. 

p"-in (from /Tin ; c. pin ; pi. D"'^iin.) 
m. 1) heat, glow, burning; usually 
of anger: ^^!"|iin the glow of 
anger, i. e. fierce wrath Lam.4, 
11; also without f]ii: 'h^J pn 
St<1B>^ wrath upon Israel Neh.iS, 
IS;"" pi. sf. 7\'J}'V'. 11?V "h-'i thy 
fierce wrath goeth over me Ps. 
88,17. — 2) something burning 
M'\Vf^\ ]i"in-ia3 ''n-iD? he shall 
sweep them away, both the green 
and the burning (wood) Ps.58,10 
(others: while yet raw, hardly 
warmed, shall they be swept 

lll'n V'- n. a place in Bphraim; 
gent. ^Jlh Neh.2,10. 

a"'31"in see npjn. 

•I- ' 

p-in I- (from fDH) a&3l) decided, 

decreed, determined pin ]i''?5 

destruction decreed Is. 10,22; O'Vlin 
Vg^ his days are determined Jb. 
14,5; as n.: decision, judgment 
fnnn p^y the valley of judg- 
ment (i. e. of punishment) Jo. 4, 
14.— 2; sharp, pointed pin JIlD a 
sharp threshing instrument Is. 41, 
15; hence pin a threshing in- 
strument 28,27; pi. n'^vin 
threshing instruments of iron Am. 
1,3 (comp. "pin 2).— 3) ace. Stb. 
shining tD''i2-''by piq 1Si;. he lieth 
shining in the mire Jb.41,22 (Eng. 
Bible: he spreadeth sharp pointed 
things upon the mil e); poet, shin 
ing gold, fine gold Pr.3,14 etc. — 
4) eager, industrious, diligent 
pin 1(^; D1N'"Iin: the substance 
of a diligent man is precious Pr. 

i2,27j iniDS-?ix f iin niatrriD the 

thoughts of the diligent tend only 
to plenteousness 21,5;i)Z.D''V1in 111 
1''B>i?n but the hand of the dili- 
gent maketh rich 10,4.— 5^ maimed 
(of animals) Lev.22,22. 

YT~ ^'^- '■' moat, ditch Dan. 9,25. 

pin 111. pr. n m. 2 K. 21, 19. 

Tin to arrange, hence D^.^IC). 

limn pr. n. m. 

Dnin pr. n. 2K.22,14 — nlpP! 2Chr 

'inin {redupl. from 1in) m. inflara 
mation, fever. 

t2in (akin to ilin) to dig into, to 
engrave, to inscribe, whence tSin 1 

nbin . 

^in prop, graving-tool , chisel, 




style, hence: manner of writing, 
characters tt'iJN 121^3 with a man's 
writing (i. e. in common charac- 
ters) Is.8,1. 

Ob'nn (from tain; pi. n'^SDIO, c. 
^SQI.n) m. sacred scribe, sage, 
interpreter of the law in Egypt 
Gen.4:l,8 and Babylonia Dan. 2,2 
a. 2,10. 

''in (from nin) m. heat of anger 

't; j 

1^"'^71t ^'^^ "^® fierce anger Is.1,4. 
''in TO. 1) white broad (from IIP! 3) 

^i,n vD baskets with white bread | 

Gen.40,16, I 

''in pr. n. 1) a people who anciently 1 

inhabited Mount Seir Gen. 14,6 

and were afterwards conquered 

by the Edomites Deut.2,12.— 3) 

name of two persons mentioned 

in Gen.36,2 a. Num.13,5. 
D'3T '''in (from ^!'^^) m. pi. doves' 

dung 2k.6,25; in Krl n'^pTi , which 

t3"'"in (from Din to dig into; pi. 

D^t3''1.n> m. pocket, bag, purse 2K. 

5,23; 18.3,22. 
n»in pr.n.m. Neh.7,24 = Hli'' Ezr. 

2,18; gent. ■'S^l.q IK.12,5. 
P'ln "*• 1) cutting, slice, piece; only 

pi. c. aSnn ''X"'in n-wv. the ten 

cuttings of milk-curds, i. e. cheses 
IS. 17,18.— 2) ={'Vnn pointed 
threshing instrument 2K.12;31. 
tJ^'in m. ploughing IS.8,12; time of 


ploughing Ex.34,21. 
'B^'in adj. sultry, hot (prop, silent, 

still); f. n''B'"'in Dn|T. nil a hot east 
wind Jon.4,8. 

Tj'in I. to wind, to twist, whehce 



TTin II- ifvi- n"ini) to catch; others: tc 
roast (=Ch. ^10); n^OT tjini-NS 
iTX sloth (i. e. the slothful man) 
catcheth (or: roasteth) not his 
game Pr.12,27. 

?]in (from ?l"in 1.) m. lattice, win- 
dow-lattice; only pi. D'~in Cant. 

'Tl'in Ch. to singe, to burn. — Ithp. 
Tpnni} to be singed (of the hair) 
Dan 3,27. 

"pin aco. Stb, to be entangled, to 
grow wild, hence b'^'in . 

Shn see ':'nn . 

Q'ln 1) to shut up, to shut in, to 
draw in, hence Din 1 a. Din . — 
2) to shut up from common' use, 
hence Din 2.— 3) = ^in to de- 

Hiph. Ci^iw (fut. Dnni, Dimj ; 
inf. Diqn , D^iqn) i) = aiinn to 

dry up, to destroy iin"^?"? oHnn 
he destroyed with the edge of the 
sword IS. 15,8; DniN Dinji and 
we destroyed them Deut.3,6; imp. 
01QD\ iin waste and destroy 
Jer.50,21; of water: to dry up 
DMVD-Dl |it?^ HK ;i D''ipni and 
the Lord shall destroy (i. e. dry 
up) the tongue of the Egyptian 
Sea Is.11,15.— 2) to devote, to 
consecrate £>''!< Dim 1B>K 0*30 h^ 




^ll any devoted thing, that a man 

shall devote unto the Lord Lev. 
27,28; n^V? V.^ ''"IlDinpl I will 
consecrate their gain unto the 
Lord Mic.4,13. 

Eoph. D'lnn , ifut. Dnnp to be 
devoted or forfeited, to be con- 
demned W^31-^3 Dnn'' all his 

: T ~t;t 

substance should be forfeited Ezr. 

10,8; n^in;^ n'^rih^^i nit he that 

sacriflcfith unto otber Gods, shall 
be condemned Bx.22,19; DT"':? 
D'J^n-ia D^n^^lg'K any one cun- 
denined, who shall be condemned 
[to death] among men Lev. 27,29. 
mn pr. n. a city in Naphtali. 


Q-in, once t^p (sf. ■^tiir} , iDl.p; 
pi. Q'D'in) 1) curse, destruction 

Din rnK'n-n« \n3m i win smite 

the earth with a curse Mal.3,24; 
''Pin V^i< the man I have doomed 
to destruction 1K,20,4:2; ''Oiri DU 
the people I have doomed to de- 
struction Is. 34,5. — 2) of property. 
something devoted or forfeited 
1''': C*''N mn'' Itl'N Din-'?3 any de- 
voted thing that a man shall de- 
vote unto the Lord Lev.27,28; 
Din 1''??? ^Q\'Q1 and the city shall 
be devoted (forfeited) Jos,6,17.— 
3) net innJ) they shall 
catch them in their net Hab.1,15; 
Vn^ D^Din'7 niDU'D they shall be 
a place to spread forth nets Ez. 
47,10; fig. DniVI? X>n I^S Hf NH 
CpiQl the woman, whose heart 
is snares and nets Ec.7,26. 

D^n , cnn (prop. pt. p. of onn i) 

adj. flat-nosed Lev.21,18. 

nj^^n pr. n. a Canaanitish city, 
anciently called nSV Jud.1,17; it 
belonged to the tribe of Judah 
Jos. 15,30, then to the tribe of Si 
nieon 19,4. 

Ilfiin pr. n. highest ridge of the 
Antilibanus in the north-east of 
l^altstine Jos. 11, 17 and the ex- 
treme boundary of Israel east of 
Jordan 12,1; Deut.3,*; there were 
several such ridges, wherefore the 
pi. D-'jiD'ir! Ps.42,7. 

£J7J~in m. a sickle Deut.16,9. 

pn pr. n. 1) a city in ttie north- 
west of Mesopotamia Gen.11,31, 
etc. — 2) name of a person IChr. 

ffJin pr- «• a city in Moab to the 
sout-east of the Dead Sea Is.15,5; 
gent, ''jhn Neh.2,10. 

ISJ^n pr. n. m. 

D"in , 15**^ 1) to shine, to glitter. — 
2) to be rough, scabby. — 3) to 
be tough, viscous (of clay). 

Din I. (from Din 1) m. 1) the sun 
Jb.9,7.— 2) (from Din 2) scab, 
itch Deut.28,27. 

D"in II. pr. n, a place east of Jor- 
dan Jud.8,13;see also D^n nipn. — 
Some interpreters read in Is.l9, 
18 D^n for D^n; see the latter 

nD""n (= Din I.) w. the sun Jud. 

n^Din (Kri niDID) f. pottery (fWim 


Din 51 niD^nn IVW the gate of 
potters Jer.19,2 (Eng. Bible: the 
east gate, taking niD^.n to mean 
the shining of the sun, from Din 1). 

tj-nn ifut. tinm -, pt. f\in ; inf. tj-in.) 

IJ to pull, to pluck (leaves, fruit), 
hence fj'nn antumn. — 2) to re- 
proach, to insult IJT ■'Sin naiii'Ni 

that I may answer him that re- 
proacheth me Pr.27,11; ^lin^.'^'^ 
■"D^P ''337 my heart shall not re- 
proach me as long as I live Jb- 
27,6. — 3) den. from fllPI to pass 
the autumn or winter, to winter 
^"^UB T'^^ ^l^? iiPD.I ^31 and all 
the beasts of the field shall win- 
ter upon it Is. 18,6. 

Niph. fjinj to be betrothed ngipj 
^''^7 betrothed to a husband Lev. 

Pi- inn {fut. finn'; ; pt. fpm ; 

inf. fltin) 1) to reproach, to rail, 

to defy ine*:; fpn v-fi yJh he 

who mocketh the poor reproach- 
eth his maker Pr.17,5; J^.i^-nS 
''jD'in^ it was not an enemy that 
reproached me Ps. 55,13; with 7 : 
^>)'y?) M'^.^: l^h l^n"? to rail on 
the Lord God of Israel 2Chr.32, 
17; with 2 : n''riti*';'S3 nS"in4l when 
they defied the Philistines 2S.23, 
9. — 2) to despise danger, to jeop- 
ard nioS i'll'SJ C]in D'i a people 
that jeoparded their lives unto 
the death Jud.5,18. 
*lin pr. n. m. 

t]']n (sf. ''S"in) m. harvest-time. 



autumn, winterf|ini f'^p and sum- 
mer and winter Gen. 8,22; n^3 
Sj'inn the winter house Am.3,15. — 
2) prop, autumnal sowing, early 
germination, hence : -^g. youth 
''S'ln ''P''3 in the days of my youth 
nS^n (c- riBl.ri) f. 1) reproach, shame 
1J^ K''n nsitl-''? for that were a 
reproach unto us Gen.34,14; ^J^^ 
•'nS^n-nS! 'r\'h^ii whither shal^I 
cause my shame to go? 28.13,13; 
TllSin "itt'K nnann the reproach, 
wherewith they have reproached 
thee Ps.79,12; HSin m: to 
take up a reproach againsi... Ps. 
15,3; ns'in'p ]riJ to give up to re- 
proach Jo.'2,17; nsnn fjOS* to take 
away reproach Is.4,1; nS'inS rt^n 
to be an object of reproach Jer. 

6,10; pi. nis'iq Ps.69,11, c. nlBin 

V. 10.— ^j/i^r. the female pudenda 
13.47,3, where nsiri is a parallel 

to m-iy . 

f*'nn {f%d. fin;.) 1) to cut, to sharpen, 
whence pin 1; fig. to deoeide p. 

nyin nns ^i^s^'p so shall thy 

judgment be; thou thyself hast 
deceided it lK.20,40(see p"in.2).— 
2) to be sharp of color, to glitter, 
whence flin 5.— 3) intr. to bestir 
oneself, to be on the alert, whence 
pin 4; Y'^m t« then thou shalt 
bestir thyself 28.5,24; tr. to stir, 

to move "f ^^^ kS b^^^) •'ja '3dS 

ijia*'? ij;'! against all the children 
of Israel shall not a dog move 




his tongue Ex.11,7 (others: sharp- 
en his tonguel. 

Niph. {*lp.j to be decided, de- 
creed; only pt. f. nVp.OJ , c. H^^pi 
something decided, i. e. decision, 
decree: nXTn J 1 n?! destruction 
and decree,23;nil2i3ia' n V.ID.J 
decree of desolation Dan.9,26. 

yrt Ch. (_def. «vin , sf. nsin ; pi. 

rVIO) m. loin Dan.5,6 (=Heb. f'Sn). 

2^in (ace. Ges. = Ar. ilVP) to 
bind fast, whence n2V"in. 

nSVII (^^- '""^^VID) f. tight band, 
fetter V^^. niaVlD nns to loose 
the bands of wickedness Is.58,6; 
fig. pang, pain DniD^ niSVIO ]•<« 
*ihere are no pangs in their death 
Ps.73,4 (see also under ril^)- 

l^in (from fin 4; pi. D^^S'in) m. 
grape-kernel Jf 1V\ Ci'i'T}^ from 
the kernels to the husk Num.6,4. 

pin ifut. pnn:; j^i. pin) to gnash, 
to grind pIQlVIE* he shall gnash 
with his teeth Ps. 112,10; also 

i^iia'a Jb.16,9. 
-inn (akin to nin ; f. Hin , pi nn) 

to burn, to glow ^T "'il? nin-ipvy 
my bones are burned with heat 
Jb.80,30; flW ^^W'' ^^5 the inhabi- 
tants of the earth are burned 
(destroyed) ls.24,6; nig: Dnri ]yO^ 
nnti>nJ that the brass of it may 
be hot, and may glow Bz.24,11. 

Niph. "inj a. inj (fut. in^.) to 
be heated, burnt, scorched, dried 

ntisV nn ts'Xi?. niso in^ the bellows 

are burned, the lead is consumed 

of the fire Jer.6,29; ^0^3^ tPN 

"in*! fire hath devoured it, and 

it is burned Ez.15.5; ''jilJ! 1D^ my 

throat is dried Ps.69,4. 
Pi. redupl. in"in to kindle; inf. 

i^TIDlD^ to kindle strife Pr. 

*l"iri TO. only pi. C'l'Ti sunburnt 

places, parched lands, deserts 

Jer 17,6. 
tj-nn same as mn , which see. 
fcnn(p«. D''B>'in, c. ^'^•\n) m. sherd, 

viv ■ '^ ■ 

potsherd, earthenware, pottery 
Jb.2,8: a>5n IV.i'' a potter Jer.19,1; 
^5D V? an earthen vessel Lev. 
6,21; tyin-ibiJ earthen pitchers 
Lam.4,2; as a figure of inferiority; 

woe unto him that striveth with 
the one who formed him — a 
potsherd among the potsherds of 
the earth Is.45,9.— B^jn Tip , lip 
nS^pn pr. TO. see l^p. . 
tJ?'^n (akin to nin , tain ; /■«<. t^lQl; 
pt. tyln ; j3i. p. t^'nn; ew/'. cnpi) jf; 
to cut, to engrave ni; 7?? n^lin 
□37 graven upon the table of 
their heart Jer.17,1. — 2) to plough 
Deut.22,10; pt. Vil plougher Is. 
28,24, also cutting instrument Gen. 
4,22; fig. □''B'in Itihn ''2r'?ir the 
ploughers ploughed upon my 
back, i. e. they maltreated me 
Ps. 129,3. — 3) to execute, to work 
ntl'nj tJ>in a worker in brass IK. 
1^i\fig. to devise V^T^BP'i^. ye 
have devised wickedness Hos.lO, 

13; ns?5 "^iT^'i t^**l^n % devise 




not evil against thy neighbor Pr. 
3,29; yT'y'l'n they that devise 
evil Pr. 14,22; niD ''tin'n they that 
devise good ib. 

Nipli. tihnj. (fid. ^"ni) to be 
ploughed Dl.nn nn|> ]i"? Zion 
shall be ploughed like a field 
Jer. 26,18 a. Mic.3,12. 

Hiph. tt"inn to work, to devise 

nyin ti'nna '^istr v'^y Saui de- 

TTT ■":" T TT 

viseth mischief against him IS. 
thn {fut. tinm ) to be silent, to be 
unheeding tingn.-'rS ''JiyipT'^'^' be 
not silent (unheeding) to ray tears 
Ps.39,13; with ]a : to turn away 
in silence from ''a|P ti'^n^"'^^' 
turn not away in silence (unheed- 
ingly) from me 28,1; of the ears, 
to be deaf njcnp.l? DD''A!^ their 
ears shall be deaf Mic.7,16. 

Hiph. V^'V.r} (fvt. B'nni; pt. 
2'''inD) 1) to put to silence, to 
make one hold his peace T|'''13 
1tl'''1.Ql crip should thy inventions 
put men to silence? Jb. 11,3. — .8^ to 
keep silence, to be silent, to hold 
one's peace inN M'J i<h\ Itrnnn 
lyi they held their peace, and 
answered him not a word Is.36,21; 
atl'n'' DDn {yi-ino SilX a fool that 
keepeth silence is counted wise Pr. 
17,28; with 7: to be silent towards, 
Bot to gainsay n'^nx nS ^''lUJl) 
and if her father be silent to- 
wards her (or: if he do not gain- 
say) Num.30,5; with 7N* or |P : 
to keep silence before ^2^, ItT^'jnn 

CJK keep silence before me, 
islands! Is.41,1; nn:|l!<l''AI2.P '^^Tp 
^JX keep silence before me, that 
I may speak Jl;>. 13,13; with accus.: 
to pass over in silence, to 
conceal in? triinx nS I will not 
conceal his parts Jb.41,4.— 3) to 
be inactive, to do nothing ^'''iW 
CX3 15? ipy^ Jacob held his peace 
(i. e. did nothing) until they were 
come Qen.34,5; ptl>"inn DflNl and 
ye shall hold your peace (i. b. 
do nothing) Ex.14,14; am HS^ 
n'2'?D'n^' ^''C'n? n''tinnn why are 
ye silent (i. e. doing nothing) 
about bringing the king back 2S. 
19,1 1 ; with ]P : to withdraw quietly 
from, to leave one alone, to cease 
1i'5P W"3n>l_ they were silent from 
him (i. e. they left him alone) 

Jo. 38,27; ;i h^ pVtp ijap t!>nnri h^ 

^J\i!!'7t? cease not to cry unto the 
Lord our God for us IS.7,8. 

Hithp. ti'^nrn to keep oneself 
quiet n'j^.^n-'jb 1t:>nnn."'J and they 
kept themselves quiet all the 
nighi, Jud.16,2. 

ti>"in (c. ti'in ; pi. niE'ln a. D"it!>~in , 
c. ''??^n.) in. 1) engraver, cutter 
15t| ^i'Q n^5?.p the work of an 
engraver in stone Ex. 28,11.— 2) 
workman, artificer, craftman tJ^^n 
'?t13 a blacksmith Is.44,12; tTin 

• : ^ ' -T 

CVS? a carpenter, a joiner v. 13; 
coll. "lAPpni K'nnni and the crafts- 
men and the locksmiths 2K.24,16; 
fig. n''nt^a •'K^^n artificers of de- 
struction, i. e. skilful to destroy 



Ez.21,36.— 3) pr. n. C^'Ti ii\i 
lChr.4,14 a. D''a^nnn •'J Neh."ll,35 
the valley of craftsmen. 

tJ'*"!!! m. 1) Stb.: secret; only pJ. 
□''tS'^n D5n one skilled in secrets 
(i. e. magic art) Is 3,3. — 2) as adv.: 
secretly, silently Jos. 2,1. — 3)'pr. 
n. m. lChr.9,15, 

E-'in (pi. n^^f}) adj. deaf |{pgi iD3 
tPnn like the deaf adder Ps.58,5; 
fig. of inobedient persons: D''2'nnn 
i:?Dti* hear, ye deaf Is.42,18. 

E'ln pt. of tJ^'in , which see. 

ti,"in w. thicket, fr.i ^ trinn nn^tu.s 

as a forsaken forest Is. 17,9; tJ^'^n 
SvD a shadowing thicket Ez.31,3; 
with n loc. n^"in3 in the wood 
IS.23,18; pi. DiK>nn 2Chr.27,4. 

J^E^'in pr. n. 1) a person mentioned 
in Ezr. 2,52 a, Neh.7,54.— 2) in 
KU^'in 'rri a Jewish colony Ezr. 
2,59 a. Neh.7,61; see also ^T\ . 

r,tr"in f- cutting, carvinfe |5« ^^hn. 

VI"; ' * '. ' 

cutting of stone (masonny), DS'in. 
yv carving of wood (joinery) Ex. 
■31,5.— 2) DJiJin ng*nn pr. n. a 
place in the north of Palestine 
Jud.4,2, situated in h'htT\ y\]^ IK. 
9,11, wherefore it is called also 
Dli^n ^''hh Is.8,23. 

rnn (p*. p. rinn) to cut, to en- 
grave nin^D"'??? nnn graven upon 
the tables Ex.32, 16. 

mn pr. n. a forest on the moun- 
tain of Judah IS.22,5. 

^Jn (fid. ilrn:, 3B*n:- pt. 2m; 

- T 

mf. airn, iti'n) i; to bind, to 
knot, to weave i'^Tl nt?l?.D a 
weaver's work Fx.26,1 a. 28,6. — 
2) to devise niatt'QD 2'Wrh to 
devise cunning works Ex. 31, 4; 
hence ft.: artiflcor; n.5^*nD niibtt^n 
yisr\ engines invented by arti- 
ficers 2Ghr 21,15.— 5) to think, 
to imagine Dfe* IT ]5"N'7 i.D^71 neither 
doth his heart think so Is. 10,7; 
HDip IJtt'n they imagined a mis- 
chievous device Ps.21,12. - 4) to 
intend, to purpose (with 71' , ,(<) 
nri i^j? Dnaa>n Ons'l but ye in- 
tended evil against, me Gen. 50, 

20; ''y^'^-hi^. aajg nrx rnine^nDi 

lO'in and his purposes that he 
hath purposed against the inhabi- 
tants of Teman Jer.49,20i n''3B>n 
nilpi? they think (intend) to re- 
bel Neh,6,6. — 5\ to count for, 
to esteem or regard as; with 7 : 
h aiisS ''55E*IT he counteth me 
as his enemy Jb 33,10; with accus.: 
i?1JJ inji2>n we esteemed him 
stricken 'ls.53,4; npTi iS n^C'nil 
and he counted it to him for 
righteousness Gen. 15,6. 

Niph. ac'nj (fwt jB'm; pt.::m;) 

1) to be reckoned, counted, ac- 
counted eiDSn DniJ atl'n.rKS there 
was no reckoning made with them 
of the money 2K.22,7; with S : 
a) to be counted to att'nn ""iV^lh 
• which is couI^ted to the Canaanite 
Jos. 13,3; in this sense also with 
hv : ]''t?;;3''^5J 3??™ was reckoned 
to Benjamin 2S.4,2. 6^ to be reck- 
oned as, to be considered SE'ry) 




D^O?'!"^ ^^4 and y-^ur heave 
offering shall be reckoned unto 
you Num. 18,27. c) to be imputed 

Nnn iy\si7 atym nn blood shall 

be imputed unto that man Lev. 
17,4.— 2) to be counted, consid- 
ered, esteemed 3t^'^.''. D3n is con- 
sidered wise Pr 17,28; with D : 
ncn25 IJlJB'n^ we are counted 
(considered) as beasts Jb.18,3; 
with h : B'ln i^.5;S 13t?m they 
arp esteemed as earthen pitchers 
Lam.4,2; with UV i -QV "innE'm 
n w ''"Iji^ I am counted with them 
(i. e, considered as those) that go 
down into the pit Ps.88,5. — 3) to 
be of account, to be valued px 

none (of the vessels) were of sil- 
ver, it was not valued in the days 
of Solomon IIC.10,21; y^m n^5 
Nin wherein is he to be valued 

P2. J^n ifut. i;i'ny i) to count, 

to reckon ilSOn "'Ay'"'1.'< ^tD) and 
let him count the years of the 
sale thereof Lev.25,27; til'n-nKI 

and if there remain but few years 
unto the year of Jubilee, then he 
shall reckon with him v. 52; with 
Di?, riK : to reckon, to have an 
account'Dyi^ni andhe shall 
reckon with him that bought him 
V. 50; D''E*JMn-n>5 1it2^ni N'71 they 
reckoned not with the men 2K. 
12,16, — 2) to consider, to deliber- 
ate ■'^'I'l ''il^'^n I have consid- 
ered my ways Ps. 119,59. — 3) to 

think, to reflect DXt DSJl'? nja>nN 
I reflect to know this Ps.73,16.— " 
4) to devise ^VUB^DJ i^« they 
devise mischief against me Hos. 
7,15; ynn'? 3tJ>np he deviseth to 
do evil Pr.24,8; of an inanimate 
object: to be Inclined HDK'n n'JS'ni 
IJ'f n? and the ship was inclined 
to be broken Jon. 1,4. — 5) to make 
account of, to value DIX'TIO 

iniB^nm ^^2^:]^ inynnj! what is 

man that thou takest knowledge 
of him, or the son of man that 
thou makest account of him! Ps. 

mthp. i^nrin to reckon one- 
self, to count oneself (with ^) 
:imr}\ xb OMni and he shall 
not be reckoned among the nations 

^^'tl Ch. to count, to regard Dan. 

it^'n m. girdle, belt Lev.8,7, 

nj'^355'n pr. n. m. Neh.8,4. 

TIT- : - 

niJJ-'n pr. n. m. 

T ". -; 

]l3^'n 1) m. computation, account, 
reasoning. — 2) pr. n. ancient 
capital of the Moabites, after- 
wards conquered by the Amorites 
Num.21, 26; when conquered by 
Israel it was allotted to the tribe 
of Reuben, then to that of Gad. 

]1aa'n (p?. niiatfO) TO. 1) device, 
engine H^'n nzfm nijbtt'n de- 
vices (engines) invented by cun- 
ning men 2Chr.26,15.— 5) reason- 
ing, invention nijbB>n 1B>i5i nisni 

rrnari 207 


CJt! but they have sought out 
many inventions Ec.7,29. 

rT'lJJ'n, liT^ltt'n pr. n. of several 

Levites lChr.6,30; Ezr.8,24; Neh. 
3,17 etc. 

nj^K-'n pr. n. m. 
T : - -; 

rfJi^'H pr. n. of two persons Neh. 

3,io a. 9,5. 
ntJ^n (M- '1g>n). ; mf. nwn.) to keep 

silence, to hold one's peace, to be 

still 131'? nri. nitrq!? nr a time 

to keep silence, and a time to 
speak Ec.3,7: DiT.^J ia*n»l and the 
waves thereof are still Ps.I07,29; 
fig. n^m tih ]i>V ]'i'Q^ for Zion's 
sake I will not hold my peace 
Is.62,1; with |l?: to turn away in 
silence from ''iSQ nf.pP ]^ lest 
thou turn away in silence from 
me Ps.2S,l (= ^iWD ^"^UB ib.). 

Hiph. nE'p.D (.pt- n'^np , pi. 

D''B*nD) 1) to silence, to put to 
sileiice (with h) -h'^h_ Q^mp D;i'?n 
DS?n the Levites silenced all the 
people Neh. 8,11.— 2) to observe 
silence, to hold one's peace, to 
he still; imp. pi. 1B>m. 2K.2,3; with 
]t>: to be still, inactive ''ri''tt'nn 
iitap 1 was still from Ispeakingl 
good Ps.39,3; nOj^p d'^q^ UHiS 
nniK we remain still (inactive), 
without taking it out IK.22,3; 
sometimes in this sense without 

IP: nshb t>^!r)-h^ ctJ'np nr)i<] 

and ye are still (inactive), be not 
slothful to go Jud.18,9. 
y0r\ pr. n. m. 

IpW Ch. {def. «3it!'n) m. dark- 
ness Dan.2,22. 
XS^JI'n pr. n. m. 
p!|^ri see p?*n . 
pllt«?n see p?*n. 
y0n see l^n . 

ntJ'n Ch. {pt. pi. m. X'Twn , f. ]nm) 

to have need, to want P0^D"><| 
S<^nJS we have no need (we do 
not think it necessary) Dan. 3,16; 
]nCTi nDI and that which they 
have need of (what is necessary) 

Tipri Ch. /■. need; c. nmm Bzr. 

ny^ifn see natrn. 

S^^'tl see QiU'in. 

tl''!2'ri (from f\WJJ) m. division, littla 

flock; only pi. e. D''JV \S?>n little 

flocks of goats IK.20,27. 

Tityn , ^ '^^n (,f%t. t;2>nj: ; pt. r\^r\ ; 

imp. Tjii'n) 1) to hold back, to 
keep back, to withhold, to restrain 
Drn-n^ 5Ni^ ?l^n Joab held back 
Che people 28.18,16; ''JSp r\m nS] 
nD^N'P neither hath he kept back 
anything from me Gen. 39,9; Nv 
•"i^P ...TlJ3-n?< 5?'^n thou hast 
not withheld thy son... from me 
22,12; pn ^3if n-xS iJBpi and from 
my face they withhold not their 
spittle Jb.30,10; "'^p iB>|)J Ipni 
nn^* he keepeth back his soul 
from the pit 33,18; ''S ?]B>Q« n"? 
I will not restrain my mouth 7, 



11; Ipn::. iDSB> TiJI the moving of 
my lips should restrain [your 
grief] 16,5 (comp. v. 6); ^^3 t]"!"!.!? 
Tj^n persecuted witliout restraint 
Is. 14,6.— 2) to spare, to forbear 
ij^ «jia' itiav Tjtl'n lie that spareth 
his rod liateth his son Pr. 13,29; 
IJjiat: nap'? ri?B>r thou hast for- 
borne below our sins (i. e. pun- 
ished us less than our sins de- 
serve) Ezr.9,13. — 3) to spare, to 
reserve (with '?) nvh W2>n Ifii, 
"IX which I have reserved against 
the time of trouble Jb.38,23. 

Niph. ^mi {fut. TlJi^n;.) l) to re- 
strain ''JN'3 Tl5t>n;.-i<7 my grief is 
not restrained Jb.16,6.— 2) to be 
reserved ^"5 T]^!!;. liN Dii': the 
wicked is reserved for the day 
of calamity Jb.21,30. 

fljj.'n w. restraint, intermission \3 
T|B>n without restraint or inter- 
mission, ceaselessly Is. 14,6 (gen- 
erally taken as the pause-form 
of T]2>n , which see). 

■ri2?n (fut. 'qB'np to grow dark, to 
be darkened or obscured Dl*n Tltt'll 
the day shall be darkened Bz. 
30,18; C*pE>n T]C'n the sun shall 
be obscured Is.13,10; '•5?3 13^Q1 
iBtt'J let the stars of the twilight 
thereof be dark Jb.3,9; of color: 
Disn "i"ntl*a ritr'n their visage is 

Tt:T ; • I- t <^ 

darker (blacker) than black Lam. 
4,8; of the eyes: nixnn WUJni 
ni3'1M3 and the lookers out of 
the windows (i. e. the eyes) will 
be darkened (grow dim) Ec.12,3; 

impersonally: DJ? nSB'ni and it 
shall be dark unto you Mic.3,6. 
Hiph. n^tl'm (fut. Tl"'tt*nJ!) to 
make dark, to darken n^^5 ^^''3 
T]''E'nr! he maketh the day dark 
with night Am.5,8; ^"li^ "'n^E^qDJ 
1 will da^-ken tne earth 8,9; fig. 

nvi-^hs r^D3 riTJ riiti'na that 

- T • : 1 ■ • : T" I . -; - 

darkeneth (confuses) counsel by 
words without knowledge Jb.38,2. 

'Xi'Z'n adj. d-dTk, obscure, low, mean; 
only pi. U"'3i^n. Pr. 22, 29; Jb.38,2. 

TTL^'n isf •'S^n) m. 1) darkness, 
obscurity lis' N.I T]^n darkness, 
and not light Am' 5,18; '3^n ni|: 
he will lighten my darkness Ps. 
18,29.— 2) fig. wretchedness, ig- 
norance, secrecy, etc. t]t?n Di'" 
day of darkness (i. e, of mis- 
fortune) Jb, 15,23; r\h^n ti'^na h'^o'sn 

the fool walketh in darkness (i. e, 
in ignorance) Ec.2,14; Tj^'n nnSN 
the treasures of darkness (i. e. 
hidden treasures) Is.45,3;^^'n ''2'^'' 
those who sit in darkness (i. e. 
in the prison) ls.42,7. 

nD5yri,oncenDI2*n (c. nysr\) f. dark- 
. ness nSilJ nOwH great darkness 
Gen.l5,12;'DDi|p'n5!^ nDE>m and 
darkness shall be unto you, that 
ye shall not divine Mic.3,6 (Eng. 
Bible: it shall be dark, etc., tak- 
ing nD^*n as f. of Tltt^n in an im- 
personal sense; the lexicograph- 
ers take this word as a w., be- 
cause it parallels with H^^l^l; 
Dja Dili'n darkness of waters 
(i. e. dark waters) Ps 18,12.— 


2) fig. misfortune Is.8,22; ignorance 

□■"JS^'n pi- m,. darkness; only once 
fig. D''?B*n ^5?? he walked in dark- 
ness (i. e. he lived in misfortune) 

"iK'n to be weak, feeble (Kal not 
used). — Niph. '7^*0.^ to be en- 
feehled TjnnW D\'^|*'n4n that were 
enfeebled behind thee Deut.25,18. 

75t'ri Ch. to beat fine, to crush 


Q^'n in Ar. to shine, to glitter, 
whence bct^Q , |atS*n. 

Q&'n p'T- n. m. 

\ T 

at&'n see d2>in. 

IIXDti'n pf- n. a place in Judah Jos. 

nJlJ32'n pr. n. a station of the 
Israelites In the desert Num.33,29. 

^S3i2'*n (from DtJ*n) m. shining met- 
al, electrum Ez.1,4 a. 27; once 

n'^Dtt^n 8,2. 

P^'n (from Dtl*n) m. prop, shining, 
hence: noble, prince, magnate; 
only pi. □"'^iOE'D Ps.68,32. 

Wn to shine, to gllther (=Dt?n). 

]K'n (from ]C'n) TO. the breast-plate 
of the high-priest, set with twelve 
gems arranged in four rows and 
hollow within, where was depos- 
ited the oracle called D'''11K 
earn, (see under 11N'); more fully 
called tiStJ'sn ]fn Bx.28,29, as it 

209 pB*ri 

was consulted for decisions in 
difficult questions. 
nt^•^ (M. r\^ryi. ; pt p. f\S1i>n ; imp. 
f.'wn; inf fpn, fprh) prop, 
to take off, hence: 1) to draw 
(liquids) Na|l? D^a ^'^rh to draw 
water from a pit ls.30,'l4; f^fi>rh 
rrilS D''12'i?[1 to draw fifty [vessels] 
out of the wine-press Hag.2,16 — 
2) to strip off, to make bare fpV} 
nSS'n he had stripped it clean Jo. 
1,7; hny': fpn^X and he maketh 
the forests bare Ps.29,9.— 3) tu 
uncover, to lift up "r^tr-^sa'D lift 
up the train ls.47,2; pt. p. f. r\Vl\ 
nS1tJ>n. with thy arm uncovered 
Ez.4,7; pi. m. c. (\Sltrn=) ''SWm 
nty with their buttocks uncovered 

Is 20,5; fig. wifD riirnx ' ;^ tj^'n 

the Loid hath uncovered (i. e. 
manifested) his holy arm Is.52,10, 
—For •'StJ'n 1 K. 20, 27 see sT'B'n 

.. . -. 1 I ■ T . 

pSJ^'n to be attached, to love, to 
have a desire, to desire nf3t£*n 
njn?? ia'SJ his soul hath a de- 
sire for your daughter Gen 34,8; 
niJ?S prn l^'K. which he desired 
to build lK.9.'l9: nmi2 ''tl'SJ DpC'n 
''72 ls.38,17 thou hast loved my 
soul from the pit of perdition (a 
peculiar turn of speech meaning: 
in loving my soul thou hast de- 
livered it from the pit of perdi- 

Fi. ptyn to fasten together, to 
fillet nr)!< pm) and he filleted 
them Ex.3S,28. 

Pu. pW {pt. pi'np) to be bounc 




together, to be filleted ^''^'fOa 
f\Q5 filleted with silver Ex.27,i7 
a. 38,17. 

ptJ<*n w. desire, delight, pleasure 
"'p^D fl|*j the night of my pleas- 
ure Is. 21,4. 

piJ'n a. piti'n TO. fillet, junction- 
rod; only pi. Cl'ip^'n Ex.27,10, etc. 

p^'n TO. spoke (of a wheel); only 
pZ. «/■. Dn''f3a>Il their spokes IK. 

I^tl to gather, to unite, whence 

•• • ' T : - 

"lE>n TO. nave (of a wheel); only 
pi. sf. Dn'''T,B>n their naves IK. 

iTlB-'n /". gathering, denseness; only 
c. D^.0"ni2'n gathering of waters 
28.22,12 (some interpreters render 
this phrase 'dark waters', reading 
nSti'n after Ps.18,12). 

{J.'SJ-'n to be dried up, withered. 

tJ>Ji'n TO. dry grass, hay, stubble 
Is 5,24. 

nn 1) adj. broken; only pi. nc?p. 
D^rin Cisjl the bows of the mighty 
men are broken IS. 2,4; fig. dis- 
mayed, terrified n^n ''n^N'l SJttD 
D^rin wherefore have I seen them 
dismayed Jer.46,5. — 2) to. ^^ TT\ 
fear, dread nn-i'?:!^ iljj>yn who 
is made to be without dread Jb. 
41,25; sf. Djrin the dread of you 

riH W. n. Heth, son of Canaan Gen. 
10,15, ancestor of rn \J3 23,3, a 

tribe dwelling in the vicinity of 
Hebron; gent. ''Pin descendant of 
Heth, coiZ. Hittites Jos.ll,3,iJi. D"'nn 

the Hittites (= nn \.5|); f. n>m 

Bz.16,3, pi. H'Pin,l. 

nnn (fut. nnn:, sf. 7\mi;mf. ninnS) 

1) to take, to seiiie ^nD^] TlPirjIJ! ho 
shall take (seize) thee and pluck 
thee out Ps.52,7. — 2) to gather, 
to rake nip^'D 'C'ii ninnS to rake 
fire from the hearth Is. 30, 14; 
ip\n3 m B>iN npnin can a man 
gather fire in his bosom ? Pr.6, 

27; isj'xi-Sy nrin nnx n^^m thou 

' - V T - • TV 

gatherest coals of fire on his 
head Pr.25,22. 

Mfin (from ririn) f. fear, terror; c. 

i3^ti7^! '151? the terror of God Gen. 
35,5. ' 
t'^nn (from 7rin) m. bandage. 

nnnn {reHupl. from rinn.) TO. terror; 

only pi. D\nnnn Ec.12,5. 

^'jin, /". iTTin jeni. of nn , which see 
iT'Jjin /. terror iT'nn Ijnj -i^N which 

caused terror Ez.32,23; sf. Dn''rin 

Tirin to cut, in Ch. to decide (KaX 
not used).— Mph. t]rinj to be de- 
termined, decreed n'''l?3ty □''yatJ' 

1 • : ■ •IT 

T|S?? IV t]rin^ seventy weeks are 
determined upon thy people Dan. 

^rin to wrap, to swaddle (Kal not 

used).— Pu. Snn a. Soph, "^nnn 

{inf hp\ryQ) to be swaddled n'Tm 

rf:m x*? bnnni rin^on ^^7 thou 




wast not salted at all, nor swaddled 
at all Ez.16,4. 

Tiyf)^ f- swaddling cloth, bandage. 
pnn pr. n. a place in Syria, 

onn ifut. nnn:) i) to seal nno.^j 

n'<n?J n?JKJ and I sealed it, and 
took witnesses Jer. 32,10; onnnjl 
iDnna and she sealed them with 
bis seal IK.21,8; ?l^f;n ri?2D2 lOnni 
and seal it with the liing's ring 
Bst.8,8; pt. p. Cinn a) that which 
is sealed, a sealed document "nx 
Dinnn that which was sealed Jer. 
32,11; DinnD h'J) and on the sealed 
document Neh.10,1. b) a person 
undersignd, one whose seal is 
affixed n^'pinnn h'J] and those 
whose seal was affixed Neh.10,2. — 

2) to seal up, to close □''"l^^i^ ^''"1? 
"igjpn Dnni shut up the words and 
seal (close) the book Dan. 12,4; 

•"nsSa niin n'nn seal up the law 

aniong the disciples Js.8,16; "T3 

he sealeth up (i. e. he binds) ihe 
hand of every man, that all men 
of his creation may know [him] 
Jb.37,7; DIDOni C^JN! ]])< n":.]! rx 
dnn^ then he openeth the ears 
of men and sealeth (closes) it 
with their warning 33,16; HI?? 
dnn^ D^ODS he sealeth up around 
the'scars Jb.9,7; Dinn ]1^'D a seal- 
ed (closed) fountain Cant.4,12.— 

3) to complete H^?^} pn dnilS 
to complete the vision and proph- 
ficy Dan.9,24; n'^i^n Dijn nm thou 

art complete in perfection Ez. 
Niph. Drinj to be sealed 3fl?5 

?l!?sn ny^tsa ami) it was written 

and sealed with the king's ring 
Est.3,12; inf. QFini 8.8. 

Pi. Driin to close, to shut up, 
to hide iD^ VCnO Q12V by day 
they shut themselves up Jb. 24,16. 

Hiph. D''rinn to close, to stop 

iaiip iiu>a o'lnnn is or he stop 

his flesh from the issue Lev.15,8. 
onn see Dnin . 
onn Ch. to seal. 
nanh f. seal (= Cnin). 
inn to bind, to make an alliance, 

whence |rri, |nn , n.^nn, n|nn. 

Hithp. ]nnrin to contract af- 
finity by marriage /' lOnriM 
riV"lS"J^b' and Solomon made af- 
finity with Pharaoh IK.3,1; ]rinm 
axriNp and he joined affinity with 
Ahab' 2Chr.]8,l; Q2 ]r,r\i?n lih) 
neither shalt thou contract mar- 
riages with them Deut.7,3. 

]nn (c. lOn ; pi. C^:srp,) m. l) bride- 
groom Ps.19,6; -fig. D^DT iriQ a 
bridegroom of blood, i. e. a child 
allied to God by the blood of 
circumcision Ex. 4,25.— 2) son- 
in-law "'jpnn inn I'tl'??' Samson, 
the son-in-law of the Timnite 

Jud.15,6; pi. sf. vni:3 ^np': v:m 

his son's-in-law, who married his 
daughters Gen. 19, 14.— 5j a relative 
by marriage 2K.8,27. 




inn (prop. pt. of inn) m. father- 
in-law Ex.18,1; sf. T]Jiin V. 6, 
ijnh V. 7. 

rijDn f. nuptials, espousals; sf. 
iri|On Cant.3,11. 

njnn (prop.^t/'. of inn') /■. mother- 
in-law; sf. injrin Deut.27,23. 

tinn (= lan ; fut flhm) to take 
away, to catch, to seize Jb.9,12. 

tirin in. robbery; concretely: rob- 
ber in>5.ri ^DH? she lieth in wait 
like a robber 'Pr.23,28. 

inn (fut. inn:) l) to dig, to break 
into (with :i) Ez.8,8;'?it<tl'n nriniDK 
though they dig into hell Am. 

9,2; with aecus.: n''n| r]t;'n3 nnn 

in the dark they dig through 
(break into) houses Jb. 24,16. - 
2) to row (with oars) Jon. 1,13. 

nrin (pret. nn, /•. nnn, a nnn;pi. 
inn , 1^ inn; pt. nn , pi. D^nn; mjp. 

j)i. inn) to be confounded, amazed 
nij^ 1jjJ"X7 inn they were amazed, 
they answered no more Jb. 32,15. 

yiph. nnj (fut. nn;; , pi. inn.i) i; 

to be broken, crushed D.^DPS' nn.'. 
DVO Ephraim shall be broken, 
that it be not a people Is.7,8j 

nnn tib ''Oi^l'? my righteousness 
shall not be crushed (abolished) 
Is.51,6.~ 3) to be dismayed, con- 
founded, afraid Dn\JSD nnn bi< 
be not dismayed before them 
Jer. 1, 17; nn;. i<h oSipp he will 
not be afraid of their voice 
Is.34,4; Xin nnj ^W ^JSp he was 
afraid before my name Mal.2,5.-— 

Niph. nn; jer. 21,13, inn;, jb.21, 

13, nnn Pr.l7,10, mm Ps.38,3 be- 
long to nnp , which see. 

Fi. nnn to be crushed, broken 
Dninti'p. nnnn every one of their 
bows is broken Jer. 51,56. — 2) to 
scare, to terrify nid'^Q.D "'i^DW 
thou scarest me with dreams Jb. 

mph. nnn {fut. nn;) i) to break 
ninnn „^'7^i? h'v'n^ the yoke of 

his burden... thou hast broken 
Is.9,3. — 2) to cause to be dis- 
mayed, to confound, to terrify 
C3^''?^''"1^' ''i?nnni I win cause Elam 
to be dismayed Jer. 49, 37; TinriN ]S 
D;!''--'-?'? l^s*^ I confound thee be- 
fore them 1,17; |n^n^ Hab.2,17 for 
|nn^. will terrify them, 
nrin m. l) terror Jb.6,12.— 2) pr. 
n. m. lChr.4,13. 


Q the ninth letter of the alphabet, 
called Teth M'^tS , from mtS to 
twist, because in ancient Hebrew 
and Phenician writing it re- 
presents the outline-form of a 

basket. As a numeral £2^9, 
ti = 9,000; the numbers 15 and 16 
are written IE) (9-1-6), tJS (9-1-7) 
for n^ and V , which enter into 
the composition of nin"', the most 

:iN^ 213 

sacred name of God. 

iXp Ch. (= Heb. iitD) to be joy- 
ful, with hv over Dan.6,24. 

t^taX^ see S'lD . 

its Ch. (= Heb. ito) adj. good, 

bXlta , '^ "^b'^lti pr. n. m. Is 7,6; 

7^itD m. head-band, turban, tiara; 

only pi. D''Slip Ez.23,15. 
n^StS m. prop, navel (comp. Talm. 

'113'D), hence: height, summit 

n?? ^"^^'^ ^?'5 ^'^'^y ^'^sy ''°™<' 
down from the height of the land 
Jud.9,37; f '^i^n 113Q '71? •'Dti*"' who 
dwell on the height of the earth 

nilD {inf a. imp. GDtp) to slaughter, 
to kill; pt. p. ni^D Deut.28,31. 

nStD (p'- D''n2t3) m. I) cook (prop, 
slaughterer) IS.9,24.— 5) execu- 
tioner, body-guard (.who in theEast 
acts as an execulioner1D"'n|Dni2' 
Gen.37,36 or D^n|t2 ^T Jer.39,9 
chief executioner, captain of the 

n^'Q Ch. same as Heb.; '2'2 
K*n2rD captain of the body-guard 

nnti , ^ nn^ (sf. nn^t?) m. l) slaugh- 
ter, killing of cattle Is.53,7; hence: 
slaughtered cattle, meat Hi^ nrpl 
and slaughter cattle for meat 
Gen.43,16; fig. massacre Is.34,2.— 
2) pr. n. son of Nahor Gen.22,24. 


nnStO f. female cook; only ^Z. riinaD 

nnita (= n^D ; sf. \nn5t2) f. slaugh- 
ternnatj ]«V3 as sheep for the 
slaughter Ps. 44,23; hence: killed 

flesh ''rin^a itj'x ''on;i;3 ns the 

flesh that I have killed IS. 25,11. 
nn^i3 pr. n. a city in Syria IChr. 
18,8, for which in 2S.8 8 rc^ . 

h^^ (.M- — ?); pt- ^iP) to dip, to 
immerse, to bathe fCna ?|riS flb^DI 
and dip thy morsel in the vine- 
gar R.2,14; i'?n l^f 3 "^ita: and he 
shall bathe his foot in oil Deut. 
32,24; intr. to dip oneself '73^*1 
cor? Vy^ ]1"]12 and dipped 
himself in the Jordan seven times 

Nipli. '7=£?^ to be dipped. Im- 
mersed Joo.3,15. 

^n''73tD pr. n. in. 
it: - : 

ynta (M- v?p\, 1 iii?!^^ Ps.69,15) 

prop, to press in, to impress, 
hence: to sink I2"'!23 I.TDI''. V^^)! 
and Jeremiah sank into the mire 
Jer.38,6; <V'y0 f'nsa ^J?3D her 
gates are sunk into the ground 
Lam 2,9; inVI?| 15^'? VZ'aP^l and 
the stone sank into his forehead 

Pu. J?3D to be sunk, immersed, 
drowned Ex. 15,4. 

Eoph. v^an to be sunk i^^araH 

^''ijJT f-^ thy feet are sunk" in 
the mire Jer.38,22; of foundations: 
to be settled, fastened Cnn niaa 

'T VV V 




li?3tpn bpfore the mountains were 
settled Pr.8,25; i:;3pn n\^'JK HJ"'??; 
whereupon are its foundations 
fastened? Jb.38,6. 

nV3IJ) f. prop, what presses in 
(from y^^), hence: ij signet-ring 
TI^Sl! nraaa dnnil and sealed it 
with the iiing's signet-ring Est. 
8,10.— 2) ring nnan-D^ Kin 
myr'ja and he put in ttie staves 
into the rings Ex.37,5. 

1.StD to project, whence "11312 . 

llD^^fiS i"*- w. father of Benhadad 
king of Syria 1K.15,:9. 

n3tO i"". n. a city in Ephraim Jud. 

ri.313 ». the tenth month of the 

Hebrew year (corresponding to 
December-January) Est.2,16. 

Ilnto, "i'l^ (c. I'nt?, nntp; pi. 
nnhtp ; f. niinio , pi. niiints) ady. 

clean, not soiled Zch.3,5; of gold; 
pure, unalloyed Ex.25,11; in a 
religious sense: not profane, not 
polluted Lev. 7, 19, etc.; hence of 
animals permitted for food Deut. 
14,11; in a moral sense: pure, 
clean, honest lintS ^'l a pure 
heart Ps.51,12; Dn''-inja he that 
is clean of hands Jb.l7,9i linD 
n^ra pure of eyes Hab.1,13; ClinL) 
or J ''TlP^' pleasant words are 
pure Pr.15,26 (Eng. Bible; [the 
words of] the pure are pleasant 

words); as a n.: ij^'in^ pureness 
of heart Pr.22,11. 
into (.akin to IHY ; fut. "IH^; ; imp. 
into) prop, to shine, hence: to be 
clean "inpi fni wash and be 
clean 2K.5,13;in amoral sense;to be 
pure, sinless "'i'jSDnD ■'ni.ntO I am 
pure from my sin Pr.20,9; "'JXEinn 
inps'lJit.s'i purge me with hyssop, 
and I shall be clean Ps.51,9, 

Pi. nno, IDD ifut. inta); pt. 

iriDD) 1) io make clean, to cleanse 
ni3B*^n nnta^l and they cleansed 
the chambers Neh.13,9; of metals: 
to purify Mai. 3,3; of the sky; to 
clear nnnoni nnay nn the wind 
passeth and cleareth them up 
Jb.37,21. — 2) to pronounce clean 
J?J|n"riK inJSI he shall pronounce 
the plague (i. e. him that has 
the plague) clean Lev. 13,13,' in 
a moral sense; ^JinD TlXtsnD 
cleanse me from my sin (pro- 
nounce me clean from sin) Ps. 

Pu. Iliti to be cleansed; pt. f. 
nnriDp vh f l^ a land that is not 
cleansed Ez.22,24. 

mthp. '\7\'^'r. , ^ryB':^ (fut. inci^. , 

pi. Iina^) to purify oneself (in a 
religious or moral sense) Lev. 
14,4; Jos.22,17; pret. pi. '^^r}::l^r] Ezr. 
6,20, f^ Tinm 2Chr.30,18;ii. "inaD 
Lev.14,7, pi. D^inap ls.66,17; imp. 

pi. nqan Gen.3o,2 c^ i"]nan). 

irit2 m. 1) purity, clearness DX?J3 
igaS D^pa^n as the heaven itself 
in olearoess Ex.24,I0,— 2) puri- 




flcation n^HB ifi'; the days of her 
purification Lev. 12,4 a. 6. 

"nnjD m. brightness, glory OSl^n 
iinEip thou hast made him to 
cease from his glory Ps.89,45. 
Ace. Aben Ezra and Kimchi the D 
is formative and the Dagesh in 
the ta is euphonic, iiriBlO being 
for iintaia from "intOD ; the Eng. 
Bible renders the above passage 
accordingly: thou hast made his 
glory to cease. 

n'lntD (c. iTintO) f, purification 
ninBH n'ni?B>9 the charge of puri- 
fication Neh.12,45; tr-JpH n^nD 
purification of the sanctuary 2Chr. 
30,19; ^"ip-h^"? n^nti the puri- 
fication of all holy things IChr. 
23,28; ^ripn.D Dl'' the day of his 
purification Lev. 14,2.— n^HiS Lev. 
12,4 a. 5 ace. some = HintO from 


ii'!\'Q ace. Puerst: to drive.— Pi. 
rediipl. N'DKD to sweep away 

nation •'psap? n'^nxDW??? and i 

will sweep ir, with the besom of 
destruction Is. 14,23. 
S1^ 1. (3 pi. Uit2 ; for fut. is used 
the form ^D'') from i^;) to be 
good, well ;i\^n>< ^d^-np how 
good are thy tents Num.24,5; of 
the heart; to be merry "^7 2.'i^^ 
]."3 n^??D when the heart of the 
king was merry with wine Est. 
1,10; with h : to be well C^S :il£D5 
that it may be well with you 
Deut.5,30i before D : better than 
psp Tj^.^T 13^""nD how much 

better is thy love than wine! 
Cant.4,10; nnrD tK '''? it) then 
it was better with me than now 
Hos.2,9; with h^ ; to be pleasing, 
to please :iiD r\ht^rTi-h'J-Qi< if it 
please the king Est.3,9; with ''A''?^?! 
to seem good VJ'^V? JitS ng>N| as 
it seemeth good in his eyes 2S. 

Hiph. y^n (fut. aiD^) 1) to do 
well, to do good T]^ 1J?t?ni and 
we will do thee good Num. 10,29. — 
2) to make good, beautiful li'^Lin 
niO^D they have made goodly 
statues Hos.10,1; as adv.: ''J''^^'^ 
]i2 play sweetly Is.23,16 (Bng. 
Bible: make sweet melody); ''5^130 
npS that go well Pr.30,29; n'^'^Dn 
nitJ>i>5z thou hast done well 2k! 

ills II. (pi- D^?i£3, Qiiti; f. nalD, 
c. niitD, pi. niaita, niic) adj 

good (in various senses, accord- 
ing to the nature of the object): 
JiD nnJ a good piece Bz.24,4; an^ 
i^£3 good (pure) gold Gen.2,12: 
iita riKID good (fair) countenance 
Dan. 1,15; ^D^IdS JitO good (tasty) 
for food Gen.2,9; njiti n^ii2>3 good 
tidings 28.18,27; aitif'^JS'' good 
sense Pr.13,15; 3iD dV a merry 
heart Ee.9,7; iit2 Tl'^T good (moral, 
virtuous) way Jer.6,16; JitS Di^ a 
good (joyful) day Est.8,17 (hence 
in later Hebrew: holiday, festival); 
naitS na"'!? good (advanced) old 
age Gen. 25,8; this adj. frequently 
occurs in the construct state with 




the object modified: |)y JiD he 
that hath a good (benevolent) 
eye Pr. 22, 9; n.^"ip n^iES of good 
(fair) appearance Est. 2,3; Htyx 
75B>"n5ii2 a woman of good sense 
(a sensible woman) IS. 25,3; with 
\rr3 or ^:sh: pleasing :jiD DN 
K2^ ^\|\V-? if it be pleasing unto 
thee (if it please thee) to come 
Jer.10,3; D^'1'?Nn \jp? 0113 whoso 
is pleasing before (i. e. whoso 
pleaseth) God Ec.7,26; with D: 
Detter than nitO l^f D DtT JiD a 
[good] name is better than precious 
ointment Eo.7,1; ...lij?? IjS ilD 
IJnBD better for us to serve... 
than to die Ex. 14,12; sometimes 
in the comparative sense before 
^3 : tlSan-''? aiD '»'? ]\^ there is 
nothing better for ine than that 
I should escape IS. 27,1; as adv : 
well "r^J.^ iiD Ti[:K^\ CK if he will 
redeem thee, well, let him redeem 
nl^ llf. w. 1) good, the right (in 
a moral sense) J^|1T,3iD good and 
evil Gen.3,5; 3iD nm to do good 
Ps.34:,15,— 2) good, good thing, 
benefit iiD ':N'nB>; n:j[ Israel hath 
rejected the good Hos.8,3; ncn: i<h 
Oit0"'73 they shall not want any 
good (benefit) Ps.34, 11 ;Dn''riai<.^I? 
Jita he filled their houses with 
good things Jb.22,18i HfX NTO 
JiD KVD whoso findeth a wife, 
findeth a good thing Pr.18,22; in 
an extended sense: happiness, 
prosperity, joy |vri iitOJ it!*SJ 
his soul shall abide in good 

(prosperity) Ps.25,13; JiEi '^3^' to 
eat of the good (i. e. to enjoy 
happiness) Pr.13,2; OiD HN^ Ps. 
4,7 or iian ns'1 Ec.2,1 to see good 
(i. e. to prosper); Ij'j iil3^ for our 
good (happiness) Deut.6,24; Di^3 
alM run naio in the day of 
prosperity be joyful Ec.7,14.— 
3) pr. n. a region beyond the 
Jordan Jud.11,3; 2S.10,6. 

y^Q m. 1) goodness D^IS 31£2 good- 
ness of taste (good judgment) 
Ps.119,66; of the benignity of 
God: TI^^D jyoS for the sake of 
thy goodness 57,7; concretely: 
flNH ilta the goodness of the 
land (I. e. its best products) Is. 
1,19.— .S)fairness, beauty, elegance 
n'5«)'i iiti the fairness of her 
neck (her beautiful neck) Hos. 
10,11; i^9^-npi iaia-HQ how great 
is his elegance, and how great 
is his beauty Zch.9,17.— 3) joy 
i? J1I3 joy of the heart, glad- 
ness Is 65,14.— 4) good, fortune, 
well-being iilD '^''^ nS his good 
(his fortune) shall not be stable 
Jb.20,21; Daia nnu vh their fortune 
is not in their hand 21,16; y/t^'Z 
nnfJ fhvp n^^^^-i in the well- 
being of the righteous (when it 
. goes well with them), the city 
rejoiceth Pr.11,10. 

(TJITX :i1SD pn n, m. 2Chr.l7,8. 

nnita (c niia ; sf. ■'nait: , TjnaiiD ; 

pi. niiia , niiJS) f. l) material 
good, prosperity, bounty niOia 
ni75X \y^ naian when prosperity 




increaseth, they are increased 
that enjoy it Ec.5,10; nnitD Di'' day 
of prosperity 7,14; TID^itl t'^lP the 
year of thy bounty Ps. 65,12; ns'lj 
n^'tO to see good, i. e. to enjoy 
prosperity Jb.9,25, etc.; njitsa h^t^ 
to eat in prosperity, to enjoy 
prosperity 21,25.— 2) happiness, 
beatitude \~iail3 HFIK ''jnK ''i'? mON 

J T T T T -.' t:— : :- t 

T'^V'- '^ou [my soul] hast said 
unto the Lord, thou art my Lord: 
my happiness is not without thee 
Ps.16,2 (ace. Stb. \nai£D is here a 
poetical appellation of the soul, 
and he renders the verse: thou, 
my happiness, sayest unto the 
Lord, thou art my Lord, there is 
none above thee).— 3J good, good- 
ness, kindness n^iti n^y to do 
good Ex. 18,9; niiI3 a''2'n to re- 

' quite good IS.25^21; HrT "'JID^'tt'; 

' r13i'D nnn they rewarded me evil 
fo'r good Ps.35,12; tlO^ili? |''?r! 
''J^- ^^ovl hast prepared of thy 
goodness for the poor Ps.68,1]; 
' n^lita'? \l'?.^. \^"T15T remember for 
me, my God, for good Neh.5,19; 
nijili 13"i to speak fair words, 
to speak kindly Jer.12,6; 52,32. 

n'3lC2 , in^^ic: pr. n. of several 
persons Zch.6,14; Neh.4,1, etc. 

(Tffi (3 pi- 11t3) to twist together, 
to spin, to weave DMyHTl^ TlD 
they spun goats' hair Bx.35,26. 

niJa [pret. na , n;?) to cover, to 
smear, to daub, to plaster n^] 
fljariTlN and he shall plaster the 

house Lev.14,42; D0nB-1E>s: 1'|?n 
7gri the wall that ye have daubed 
with plaster Bz.l3,U; fig. niNlP ntS 
^D'^A''?^ be hath daubed over (shut) 
their eyes, that they cannot see 

nfStDla (from tlltD) f. pi. bands, 
fillets (ornaments for the fore- 
head or arm; comp. Talm. and 
Targ. n9bl£2) Ex.13,16; Deut.6,8 
a. 11,18; later: prayer-fillets, phy- 
lacteries (amulets worn by Jews 
on the forehead and the left hand 
at the morning prayers, now 
called l^vtFi , from n?Sri 'prayer'). 

'7!|t3 to move forward (comp. Ch. 
7*13 to walk, to march), 

Hiph. 'r^tjri (fut. h^^i, ap. ''d;) 

to throw, to cast forth h^Hf h^^;\ 
n^^nnTlijl and Saul threw the 
spear IS.18,11; h'i^ D50iJ ''^I'TDni 
nxtn ft!^? and 1 will cast you 
out of this land Jer.16,13; "'JS"'??? 
Tl^''t3t< nntt^n I win cast thee forth 
upon the field Ez.32,4; -'7^< ^it^^q} 
DTI and cast me forth into the 
sea Jon. 1,12; fig. of the wind: to 
send out n'^nrnn S^DH ;^1 and 
the Lord sent out a great wind 1,4. 
Hoph. 'riain (fut hti)\ once h& \ 
to be cast, to be cast down pria 
'j'jijin-nK h^^'' the lot is cast into 
the lap 'Pr.16,33; 'tDI'^-n'? Vs''.-';) 
though he fall, he shall not be 
utterly cast down Ps.37,24; V^'^O 
iynn «in iSain wherefore are they 
cast down, he and his seed? Jer 

Pi. redupl. "tD^D {pt. hy^hjiQ) to 
fling forward, to throw or thrust 
about 15| H^dSd rpph^) ;: the 
Lord will thrust thee about with 
a mighty throwing Is.22,17. 

t]123 in Ar. to cover around, to bind 
about, whence by redupl. niSDlIS . 

T\t^ 1) to turn around, to surround, 

to enclose around. — 2) to arrange, 

to put in a row. 
1112 (J5?. D^ltD a. Ont?, c. i^lltS) m. 

1) wall, enclosure Ez.46,23.— ^; 

row Ex.28,17 (of gems); IK.6,36 

(of beams); 7,12 (of hewn stones), 

l^ltO Ch. m, mountain, height Dan. 

tJ^itO (M- ^'^1^^) to fly swiftly, to 

dash bjN-i?!? B'lts; Ig^j? as the 

eagle that dasheth upon his food 

(prey) Jb.9,26. 
rntO Ch. adv. fasting, without food 

rntl nil and he passed the night 

fasting Dan.6,19. 
nniO to stretch, to extend (Kal not 

T T 


Pi. nin.D (with addition of 1 as in 
ninna^n 'from r\m) to stretch; 
only pt. pi. c. nc'p. \in.l2p3 as those 
stretching the bow, i. a. bowmen, 
who keep at a certain distance 
from the mark Gen. 21, 16 ^Eng. 
Bibl'!: as it were a bowshot, i. «. 
the distance of a bowshot). 
Ilnp (from ]ni3) m. mill, hand-mill 
Mif: ]^m Cnina the young men 
bare the mill Lam. 5, 13 (Eng. 



Bible: they took the young men 
to grind, as if liniS were inf.). 

imp see inD . 

m'niO (from ni£3 to cover) f. pi. 
reins, kidneys; poet, the inward 
parts nintsa nVSn na^ thou de- 
sirest truth in the inward parts 

Ps.5i,8; nD3n Diniaa m-'<Vi who 

hath put wisdom in the inward 
parts ? Jb.38,36. 

]nti3 (/■«<• IWi?) ; pt- inits ; imp. f. 

''jnD ; inf. |in^) to grind, to crush 
D^n^.O Ijn^ they ground in the 
mills Num.11,8; p^-'^m IV jO^M 
and he ground it until it was 
powdered Ex.32,20; fig. iriNS ]nm 
''Ppi} let my wife grind for an- 
other, i. e, be another man's slave 
Jb.3,10 (comp. Is.47,2); 'to grind 
one's face' means to oppress one; 
Ijn^n n\»J3?. ■'j? ye grind the faces 
of the poor, i. e. ye oppress the 
poor Is.3,15; pt. f. pi. nijnb the 
grinders, i. e. the teeth Bc.12,3. 
njntO f. mill, hand-mill. 

nntO ace. Fuerst: to burn; Ges.: to 
breathe hard (as in Syr.). 

*)ntD (from "inti) m. only pi. □''"inip, 
c. ^ITO ulcers, boils (others: swel- 
lings caused by straining one- 
self at stool, piles) IS.6,11 a. 17; 
^n neut.28,27; IS.5,9; 6,4 a. 5 it 
occurs in Kri for Ktib D'''?S3J (see 
^P 2). 

n''i3 (from ni£3) m. plaster on a 
wall Bz.13,12. 




I2"'ta m. loam, clay Is. 41,25; Nah. 
3,14.— S) mud, mire niVin t3''tt3 
as the mire of the streets Zoh.9,3. 

rta Ch. m. loam, clay; def. KJ"'t2 

HTta (c. n5''t? ; jjJ- niTD) /•. wall 

T • 

round a place, enclosure (same 
as lltD i) Ez.46,23.— 2; fortress, 
castle Cant.8,9; habitation Ps.69, 
26. — 3) encampment, hamlet Gen. 
25,16; Num.31,] 0. 

bt^, ^^^ (from b'2'!iL;sf. T]'?,^) m. 
dew 7D"\7JX the drops of dew Jb. 
38,28; nini< Sa the dew of herbs 
Is.26,19; as a iigure of fertility: 
D1PB>n bm of the dew of heaven 
Gen.27,28i hm n)'Qf IK^I the 
'aeaven is stayed from dew Hag. 
1,10; as a figure of freshness and 
vigor: Tli^l'?! ''li the dew (i. e. 
vigor) of thy youth Ps 110,3; as 
a figure of something vanishing: 
ri^ln D"'3ti'D SdS as the early dew 
it goeth away Hos.6,4. 

■)^ Ch. M. same as Heb. 

K'^tD to patch, to cover with spots; 

T T 

pt.p. SrD patched, spotted Gen.30, 
32; Ez.16,16. 
Ph. K^£D to be patched, clouted: 

pt. niN'^tsairii'^iniS^J old, clouted 

shoes Jos.9,5. 
D*5<t'tO i"'- '"'■ a city in Judah IS. 

15^4= Oh^ Jos.15,24. 
nh'Q to be young, whence nho 

and ^h^. 
ilhl^ (c. nhi?) m. young lamb Is. 

65,25; aSn n^.t? a suckling lamb 

n^ta'^ta (by redupl. from '7S£2) f. 

throwing, harling Is.22,17. 
'^tp (= n^^) w. only pi. Ciflij?! 

young lambp Is.40,11. 
t)?^ I. to drop, whence , D . 
7)7tD 11- to OTershade, to covbl 

(akin to ^2% II.).— Pi. h'^Q to 

cover lil.^^a''! im^. Mn he built it 

and covered It N'eh.3,15. 
^^P Ch. to overfihade.- Aph. bhl!jt^ 

to enjoy shade, to have shadow 

Nna nvn S^^n '\nirin;p the beasts 

of the field had .shadow under it. 

Q7J2 2"". «• see D^N7£3 . 
•••I-.- "t: 

XDtD (M NOip^.; per6. n. HNplS) to 
be unclean (in a religious sense) 
Lev.12,2; with 2: to be defiled' 

with :^^ t^tt?) i:fN inxatp VjS 

whatsoever uncleannessman shall 
be defiled with 5,3; in a moral 
sense: np''t?yDa 1Nt?£?>.l they were 
defiled with their own works Ps. 
106,39; na-ns'l?^^ to deflle [thy- 
self] with her Lev.18,20. 

Niph. NatOJ (1 pi. U''0£?3 fo-. 
1JKDt?^Jb.l8,3; 2i>Z. DONO^i, onee 
DODtij Lev. 11,43) to'defl'le one- 
self, to be unclean (in a moral 
and religious sense) Num.5,13j; 
Hcs.5,3; Oy:''}!? U''!??); we are 
unclean (i. e. wicked) in yoM 
eyes Jb.18,3. 




Pi. NI3D {fut. t<m) ; inf. KS^) 1) 
to defile Ez.5,11; of a woman: to 
dishonor, to violate her Gen. 34,5.- 
8) to pronounce unclean (in a 
religious sense) Lev. 13,8. 

Pii. S'Sp to be defiled Bz.4:,14. 

mthp. x'ban {fut. am), pi. )i<m\) 

to naaife oneself unclean Lev. 

Bothp. KSErj to be defiled Deut. 

SJDQ (c. N'tita ; pi. CNOtS; f. HKIita, c. 
nSDtp) oty. unclean (in a religious 
or moral sense) Lev.5,2; 13,45; 
Jb.14,4; n;nst?> S'DD f •'N a man of 
unclean lips 'ls.6,5; mr\ nNOD of 
an unclean name (i. e. of ill 
repute) Ez.22,5. 

nXD^ f- uncleanness Mic.2,10. 

T ; T 

nXOta (c.,i:i«fiD; pi. nxap) f. un- 
cleanness, Impurity Lev. 5,3; of a 
menstruating woman: nri^J nNlpD? 
as the uncleanness of her sepa- 
ration 15,26; in a moral sense: 
ns'pisn nn the unclean spirit 
Zcli.13,2; '7h"lB'''. \ja nXDID the un- 
cleanness (the sins) of the children 
of Israel Lev.16,19; concretely: 
unclean thing nN;pE|-S| i^DXri '7X1 
neither eat any andean thing 

nOD = NDD.— Niph. nm: (i pi. 

IJ^pipj, 2 pi. n;;iD^J) to be unclean, 
to be defiled; but see Niph. of 

JO^ (M- 15^:; pt. p. pD;3, pj. 

D''j1Dt? ; inf. JifiD) to hide, to con- 

ceal, to bury nnV^a IT SVSJ |aD 
the sluggard hideth his hand in 
his bosom Pr.19,24; "^ina in;.I?^»J 
and he hid (buried) him in the 
sand Bx,2,12; ]1DD h^i a hidden 
untimely birth Jb.3,16; ''3ri| p^h 
^Jiy to hide mine iniquity in my 
bosom 31,33; of a snare or net; 
to lay secretly "^h PIS IjD^ they 
concealed (secretly laid) a snare 
for mo Ps.142,4; IJDtS It n'^tj? in 
the net which they hid (laid 
secretly) 9,16. 

Niph. |DI2J {inf. JpEH) to hide 
oneself Is.2,10. 

Hiph. ]"ippn (fut. ]''Dp:) to hide, 
to preserve 2K.7,8. 

XJtD to Jinot, to twist. 

WE? m. basiiet Deut.26,2; sf Tj^JD 

f1Jt2 to be dirty, soiled (Kal not 
used).— Pi. f]ip (fut. fjitO^.) to 
soil, to defile Cant.5,3. 

ni?t2 (= ^^Q) to wander about, 
to go astray; only Hiph. nrJSH 
to lead astray Ez 13,10. 

arta (fut CV^) ; imp. pi. IDlja ; inf. 
dV^) to taste, to try tiVD '•npSJa 
1^51 1 tasted a little honey IS. 
14,29; iD^h Cri?^, Tin the palate 
tasteth food Jb.34,3; fig. Vs")l IDr.D 
;■•. iit2-'5 taste and see that 
the Lord is good Ps.34,9. 

□S?P Ch. to taste.— Pa. D3;tO to 
make to eat tl'? PlinD N3ti>ri 
jIDS^tO^ and they shall make thee 
to eat grass as oxen Dan. 4,2? 




ar^ {sf. lD?fD) m. i; taste Num. 

11,8.— .3j/iSf. understanding, reason 
DS?;2 n!!D n^K a woman without 
understanding Pr,ll,22i D^D n|E> 
to change one's understanding, 
i. e. to feign oneself mad Ps.34,1; 
DSJ^ ^5"'?*9 that render a reason 
Pr.26,16. — 3) judgment, decree 
'l''y^J'^ '^^WD D??^*? by the decree 
of the king and his nobles Jon. 

□r*^ Ch. TO. 1) taste NnpD brps 

in the taste of (i. e. while drink- 
ing) wine Dan. 5,2. — 2) . reason 
DJJD1 N^y .S^rin he rendered coun- 
sel and reason Dan.2,14:. — 3) 
regard 757 DWD D1tJ> to regard one 
Dan. 3,12.— 4) decree, command 
Dlfjp QV^ to give command Ezr. 
4,19; niJip-'7r3 the lord of decrees 
(Bng, Bible: the chancellor) Ezr. 

UV^ Ch. TO. decree, command "jD 
DSJD according to the decree or 
command Bzr.6,14. 

■jra I- to load, to burden Tib' IJi!^ 
DDTV? load your beasts Gen. 
45,17. ' 

Wia n. to pierce.— Pu. |5?b (,pt. 
jybp) to be pierced J^n ^Sip^ 
pierced with a sword Is.14,19. 

tp (from fp'a ■ sf. IJStD, D5?a, DS^) 
TO. CO??, children, little ones |P4 
e]D1 nSinni lina old and young, 
maids and little children Ez.9,6; 
e]C3D nab DniJn men, beside chil- 

dren Ex.l2,37i «!! n ^th according 
to the number of children Gen. 

nSID to spread out (ZaZ not nsed). — 

- T 

Pi. nstp to spread out, to stretch 
out njDK* nnsp ^rS'^l and my 
right hand hath spread the heavens 
18.48,13. — 2) fig. to grow, to nurse 
^il^a^l ^iiinSIS I have nursed and 
reared up Lam.2,22. 

n£I2 (from HSti ; pi. ninSffl) m. 1) 

-|V ■^ ■^ • 

palm, hand-breadth (as a measure) 
nSIJ i'^.D^I and his thickness was 
a hand-breadth lK.7,26;^5f. ninSI? 

''P^ 5^* ''"'^ '^^^'^ made my days 
as hand-hreadths (i. e. of short 
duration) Ps.39,6.— 2) coping, 
corbel ninsisn-nr nOBO from the 
foundation unto the coping IK.7,9. 

nsb 1= nSD) TO. hand-breadth Ez. 

nStt (from nSD) to. tender murs- 
ing; only j>J. D^nSD ''|?'7J^ the babes 
tenderly nursed Lam.2,20. 

^313 CM- ''SPD prop, to fasten, to 

- T 

smear over (plaster), hence; to 
impute, to devise, to forge, with 
hv of the person: y.^ '''^^ i'tSD 
d '' T.T the proud have forged 
falsehood against me Ps. 119,69; 
y^->b£^ forgers of lies Jb.18,4; 
with ^if of the object: to add (by 
device) ^i'^T^^ '^'SPW and thou 
addedst to my iniquity Jb. 14,17. 

"1DS2 ip^- Q''^P?P) ™- commander, 
leader Jer.51,27; Nah.3,17. 


tlSti (inf. f]i£C) to trip as a child, 
whence tjD ; of the coquettish 
gait of women: to mince tjiST 
njsiin ^liS^I walking and mincing 
as they go Is.3,16. 

^S^ Ch. m. nail (of men) Dan. 4, 
30; claw (of animals) 7,19. 

&'St3 prop, to become fat, hence 
fig. to be dull, stupid iljn.l t?BD 
D37 their heart is as fat as grease 
Ps.119,70 (in Ch. tS^glS fool). 

nSt2 pr. n. f. 

— T 

TltD (P*- 1!]J2) to drive, press or 
push continually Tib ']7'1 con- 
tinual dripping Pr.l9,13a. 27,15. 

Tip Ch. to drive forth (with |P); K^3N-|D ]^T1£3 ^S they shall 

drive thee from men Dan.4,22; 

pt. p. nnn K^JK"]!?^ and he was 

driven from men 4,30. 
m^ to be fresh, juicy, whence 

Dllta Km R.3,14 for D;pD . 

mtD to weary oneself {Kal not 
used).— Hiph. n^tpn (fwi. HipBl) 
to load, to burden il? n^.tDl "lia 
with moisture he loadeth the 
cloud Jb.37,U (Eng. Bible: by 
watering he wearieth the thick 

tl'ltS (from n^tS) m. burden, en- 
cumbrance, trouble niI2? ''2^ VH 
are become a burden unto me Is. 
1,14; sf. D5CntJ your encumbrance 



''1J3 if- il^l^) "-^i- fresh, new, juicy, 
moist iT^P lion ^rh a new (fresh) 
jaw bone of an ass Jud.l5,15i 
iTI.p n|5 a moist (i. e. suppurat- 
ing) sore Is. 1,6. 

D"lt3 in Ar. to cut off, whence D^ES. 

DItO (from D"l£i ; prop, non-exis- 
tence) adv. a. conj. before, not ye4 
V3\ D^t? he did not yet know la 
3,7; y'OP'\. DT!?? before it was leaven- 
ed Ex. 12,34; frequently with 3 : 
NSfJ D1t33 before thou oomest 
forth Jer.i,5; iy|Dri Onn D^.p 
before the mountains were settled 
Pr.8,25; once strengthened by the 
negative nS ; DDiSiJ Na^'N'? nnpa 
^V^'^ Qi'' before the day of tho 
Lord's anger come upon you Zph. 
2,2; D"^!? when not yet, before 
ISS'-'?^' jaN-n^ir n'n^D when there 
was not yet laid a stone upon 
a stone Hag.2,15. 

f)"nD (/Mt ^'"1^1, once f\'ya\ Gen. 
39,27; 2)4. Cjit:; m/^. P|1!3 , fjnB) J?) 
to tear, to pluck otT.— 2) to tear 
to pieces T'ni'j ^3 tinb n.\1K the 
lion tore in pieces enough for 
his whelps Nah.2,13; fig. f^^ i£3« 
^jpp^'l he teareth me in his 
wrath and persecuteth me Jb. 
16,9; iSt? ni;S ejnp»T_and his anger 
did tear perpetually Am. 1,11. 

NiTpk. Pl5p; to be torn in pieces 

Pm. f^h , "^ f\'p to be torn in 
pieces Gen. 37, 33. 

Biph. tl'^lipn to give to eat, to 
feed (prop, to tear up food in 


small pieces) ''|3i;i DD^ ''^P/ltiH 
feed me with the bread appointed 
unto me Pr.30,8. 

tl"lJ2 adj. newly plucked off, fresh 
(leaf) Gen.8,11. 

en]^ (sf. iSI.D) TO. green leaf ''glD 
nnipv the leaves of its growing 
(its growing leaves) Ez.17,9.— 
2) prey iWn ei'n^"K^D:i and he 
filled his holes with prey Nah. 
2,13; «l^$"^^.in the mountains of 
prey (i. e. habitations of robbers) 

223 ^K" 

Ps.76,5. — 3) food, provision ]J3J^^ 
nri''^? ^113 and she giveth pri^- 
vision to her household Pr.31,15. 

nSlIO f- animal torn by wild beasts 
T|\^i< •'riNSn ^b netlD that which 
was torn by beasts I brought 
not unto thee Gen. 31, 39; r\h2\ 
75X'' X7 ^S^I21 a carcass or that 
which is torn by beasts, he shall 
not eat Lev.22,8. 

X^'PS'ltQ pr. n. a people sent by 
the Assyrian kings as colonists 
to Samaria Ezr.4,9. 

' the tenth letter of the alphabet, 
called Yod T, because in an- 
cient writing it is said to present 
the form of a hand; as a numeral 
'^ = 10, V = 10,000. 

2N'' (akin to n3K) to long for, to 

desire (with *?) in?S'; TI''DiVpb 1 
longed for thy commandments 

n<^^ to be becoming, to be suitable 
Iwith h) nnN^riS "i? for thee doth 
it become (.Eng. Bible: for to thee 
doth it appertain). 

TiK'' see "li<]. 

n^JTN'' pr. n. TO. 1) a person men- 
tioned in Jer.35,3.— 2) another 
person Ez.11,1. 

iin^JTS' pr- n. TO. 1) a person men- 
fioned in 2K.2!>,23 = ^^^^iV. Jer. 

40,8 and n;^r. 42,1.— 2) another 
person Ez.8,11. 

1^X''2)r. M. 1) son of Manasseh Num. 
32,41; gent. n^lSt; 28.20,26.— 2) a 
judge of Israel Jud. 10,3.— 3) 
father of Mordecai Est.2,5. 

^K'' I. (akin to biK 1) prop, to be 

- T 

the first, to be forward, hence: 
to be willing (Kal not used). 

mp. hvm , :pi. iSifjin) i) to be 

willing, to be pleased, to be con- 
tent iv-nnK ?ii7n '^''Xin ■'3 for he 

willingly walked after the com- 
mandment Lof false gods] Hos. 

5,11; K*''i<n"nK' n3fS n^a "^^i'l 

and Moses was content to dwell 
with the man Bx.2,21; n'?M Sn''? 
■"^HIT!! tliat i' may please God 




and he destroy me Jb.6,9; l'p''Nin 
''i 1J3 be pleased to turn your- 
selves toward me Jb.6,28.— 2) to 
begin, te undertake nt^D TXin 
nTfin"nt< ixa Moses began to 
declare the Law Deut.1,5; NJTI.^n 
iinN:-7N: "lai^ ^71:^"i^ l have under- 
;aken to speak unto the Lord Gen. 
18,27.— '?Nn 1S.U,24 belongs to 
n7l< Hiph., which see. 

^t^Ml. (akin to SiS' 5) to be foolish {Kal 
not used). — Niph. 7b(ij to bf.come 
foolish jav n.B> I'l'NiJ the princes 
of Zoan are become fools Is. 19,13. 

^j<; (with 3: ^^<''3 a. 1N'3, once 

nks Am 8,8; j9i. Q^^M] , c. •'IN^) i; 
river Ex.8,1; Is.33,21. - 2) the river 
of Egypt, the Nile Gen. 41,1, etc.; 
more fully QJ5VP ^K^ the river 
of Egypt Am.8,8; channel or arm 
of the Nile, whence of Pharaoh: 
inx^. tlin? f inn who lieth in the 
midst of his channels Ez.29,3. 
jyX'* to give up hope (Kal not 


used). — Mph.^^'iito be deprived 
of hope, to despair (with D) tJ>N1J1 
blN^ ''^^P and Saul shall despair 
of me IS. 27,1; pt desperate '''IDK 
WiJ the speeches of one that 
is desperate Jb.6,26; pt as adv.: 
there is no hope tS'Kij IIDKI and 
they said, there is no hope Jer. 

Pi. -m\ (inf. ■^^^) to cause to 
despair ''3/niJ t!|itj:7 to- cause my 
heart to despair Bc.2,20. 

^'j2'■t<^ ^^X^i<] pr. n. 1) king of 

Judah Jer.1,3.— 2) another person 

iinX^ pr. n. m. lChr.6,6 = •'JilK 

^y to call, to cry {Kal not used). — 

- T 

Pi. J33^ to cry painfully, to wail 
Jud 5,28. 

'?0; («/■. n'jU:, n'jU^) m. fruit, 
increase, produce D''jEJI|1 7^3^ ps 
neither shall fruit be in the vines 
Hab.3,17; in^3 h^y^, hi^, the in- 
crease of his house shall depart 
Jb 20,28; nSl3.i nJHJ f^Si the earth 
yieldeth her produce (products) 

Q!|^i pr. n. old name of Jerusalem 
Jud. 19,10; -gent. ''013; Gen. 10,16; 
sometimes of Jerusalem ■'DU^H'T'y 
Jud.19,11 or simply "'pUld Jos. 
15,8, poet. "'013^ Zch.9,7. 

1'ny pr. n. son of David 28.5,15. 
11^1 p^ ^ name of two Phenician 

I • T 

kings who resided at Hazor Jos. 
11,1; Jud.4,21 a. Ps.83,10. 
^''<y pr. n. see ty3'' . 

7y I. to be strong, whence '^13 

block, log a. ^d^ . 
'^y II. to be fresh, to shoot forth, 

to grow, whence ^^2] . 
^2'' in« to flow, to stream, whence 

■73;, S3i\ hnm, Sbd, ^31. 

Hiph. ':ii3in (/Mt. buJ'') to lead, 

to carry, to bring D.'5''3iN I will 

leaci them Jer.31,8; iT'Sj'n mh^V 

riJ7 pnnp her own feet shall 




carry her afar off to sojourn Is. 

27,7; NniaS i^ iS-iai"! let them 
bring presents unto him that 
ought to be feared P8.76,12. 

Eoph. h:^^n ifut "^^r) to be 
carried, led, brought DnVP"? l^f 
'75I'' oil is carried into Egypt Hos. 
12,2; bav n^ffiS n'fS he Is led as 
a lamb to the slaughter Is.53,7; 
'^VininD^a nj^ain with gladness 
and rejoicing shall they be brought 

^5^ Ch. Aph. h:2''r[ to bring, to lead 

by m. 1) strcr.r-, course (from 

T T 

'7y^\,);'pl. c. W'^'^'~,^\ water courses 
Is. 44,4. — 2) pr. n. son of Lamech 
and father of nomadic life Gen. 
by i rom '75'' I.) adj. flowing, i. e. 
suppuration, having sores or ul- 
cers; only f. rt.yi Lev.22,22. 

by see h;iv . 

dS?t'3'' P^- w. a city in Manasseh 
Jos.17,11, etc.= av^2 lChr.6,55. 

Qy to be allied, to be joined in 

^y («f- ^95^) '"■ brother-in-law, 
who by the Mosaic law was bound 
to marry the widow of his brother 
that had died childless Deut. 
25,5, etc. 

an"! (^„. from Da;) only Pi. US] 
{mf. D3J!) to fulfil the duty of a 
brother-in-law, to marry the widow 
of a brother that had died child- 

less; inf. sf. ■'D3'' n^N ^H he will 

not perform on me the duty of 

a husband's brother Deut.25,7. 
TpV f- sister-in-law; sf. inp5^ 

i)eut.25,7 a. 9; tjriMl R.l,ld. 
'?t<32^ pr. n. 1) a city in Judah 

J(is,]5,ll. — 2) a city in Naphtall 

T^}y pr. n. a city in Philistia 2Chr 

ri''J.1'' pr. n. m. lChr.9,8. 

n^'Ji'" pr. n. m. iChr.9,8. 

pS^jir. M. a tributary of the Jordan 
Num.21, 24, etc.; at present it is 
called M^ady Zerka (i. e. blue 

^^o^n' P^- w. m. 

IT ; V|v : 

QSJ-'ii pr. n. m. 

T : • 

tvy (f'ut. ^y") ; inf. ti>ia; , c. tra: , 

n^'ai') to be dried up, withered, 
to become dry ''113 i5>in| tva'' my 
strength is dried up like a pot- 
sherd Ps.22,16; !J'a''ri 2*13; iynt hie 
arm shall be utterly dried up 
Zch. 11,17; ii;. B'3'<ni and his hand 
tiried up IK.13,4; HT^fp e»3"i3 w htn 
its boughs are withered l.s.27,11; 
D''.l2n nf ai'llJ until the .waters 
were dried up Gen.8,7.— tSia.' Hus. 
13,15 for 2*3^. 

Pi. vy; (fut. 12*31]) to make dry, 
to dry up IHE'^ll.n^S "iyi;i he re- 
buketh the sea, and maketh it 
dry Nah.1,4 (= IHUj^VJ); inpr 
n3n^^ 2*31^ the flame shall dry 
up his branches Jb. 15,30, 




Hiph. t!*"iiin (/wt. E*iaii) 1) to 

make dry, to dry up P^ytn riDX 
iri''N niinj thou driedst up mighty 
rivers Ps.74,15; hS f 2; ''fltt'iin I 
have dried up the green tree Ez. 
17,24; fig. to shame Di>n m^n 
^''I^V.'^i \J?)-nNthou hast shamed 
this day the faces of all thy 
servants 2S. 19,6; triTiJ:! "C'Uin 
the new wine is dried up Jo. 1,10; 
n^^jin ]S^n the vine is dried up 
V. 12.— 2) to become dry lti*''ini 
^H\ nib'lVa h'2 and all the deeps 
of the river shall dry up Zch. 
10,11; fig. to be ashamed, con- 
founded D'-D^n 1B'''in the wise 
men are ashamed Jer.8,9; t?''3h 
a«iD Moab is confounded 48,20; 

!|'5''ri''-t<'7 Dr-'rsj a>'>in hh they all 

are ashamed because of a people 
that cannot profit them Is. 30,5 
(Ktib t:*''N3n, comp. E*N| Siph.); 
^I^llp 'TJ?'?^ n^^an Kiriathaim 
is confounded and taken 48,1; 
imp. D'^'ISK ItP^Ilin be ye ashamed, 
ye husbandmen Jo. 1,11. — 3) 

to do shamefully nniin n|*inin 

she that conceived them hath done 
shamefully Hos.2,7. 

ty ipi. CB's;; f. n^^i], pi. r\^1^f;i)) 

adj. dry, parched ; fig. HE^i^, ^J???J 
our soul is dried away Num.1 1,6. 

^'y' pr. n. 1) a male person men- 
tioned in 2K.15,10.— 2) a city in 
Gilead, fully n^Sjl ^y^ Jud.21,8 
or ni'bj C*\5; IS.11,1 on a river 
Ji^^V"^!^^^' '■^^^ present day Wady 

Tabes, which flows into the Jor- 

r\&*y f- dry land Gen.1,9; Ex.14, 
16, etc. 

T^^yi C^ n2>3:) f. same as ne*31 Ex. 
4,9; Ps.95,5, 

7X3'' V'- w. m. name of several 

^J"! (akin to iU) to dig, to plough; 
pt. pi. D^JJ'' ploughmen, husband- 
men Jer.52,16. 

^y m. arable land, field; pi. D''3j^ 


rinSJl'' P'T. n. a city in Gad Jud. 

T : : T 


it: -; • 

nj^ to grieve, to afflict (^Kal not 

Niph. nj^j (.for n Jij ; pt. n.^ij , /'. 

njlJ) to be grieved, afn.icted;j3i.jprc. 
iJ^lpDX nriSD \J1J I will gather 
those that are afflicted for the 
solemn assembly Zph.3,18;pt.p?. f. 
fliJU n''0i7in3 her virgins are 
afflicted Lam. 1,4. 

Pi. r\^1 ifut. n^ip to afflict, to 
grieve tJ'''N-\J3 n'sh [nor] did he 
grieve the children of menLam.3,33 


Hiph. njin (sf. r\i'n ; fut. n;;'' , 
2 pi. ijin ; ^1 nj.iD) i; to afflict, 

to grieve tl'^V.^Q iTSr HJiH ;: the 
Lord hath afflicted her for the 
multitude of her transgressions 
Lam.1,5; r^*|)J I^^in n^^'TJ how 
long will ye afflict my scul ? Jb. 

•jir 227 

19,2 (= IJin); pt. pi. sf. t]:^J^D 
those that afflict thee, thy tor- 
mentors Is.51,23.— njin 28.20,13 
Hoph. of njn n., which see. 

IfJ'' (from nj^) m. affliction, grief, 

'^13'' (prop. pt. of IjJ!) adj. fearing, 

fearful Jer.22,25. 
'l^JI'' !"■• «• 3' place in Judah Jos. 

'S''T <^dj- exhausted; onlyjii. c. ''VC'^'l 

— |- T 

IJ2 the exhausted of strength, 
i. e. the weary Jb.3,17. 

VT (c. 'i!''}'' , sf. ;ny''j: ; pi. sf. '<r''J^) 

m. labor, toil ''S3 5;iJ'; the labor 
of my hands Gen. 31,42; of the 
product of labor: S3Nn''3Tl^§3 5?^J^. 
when thou eatest the labor of 
thy hands Ps.128,2. 

ilTT see nyj). 

:;?J\S* bnn nrnaS why then do I 
labor in vain ? Jb.9,29; Vl^Prh^ 
T'tJ'yn'p labor not to be rich Pr. 
23,4;'with 3: to labor for tltinT";? 
is nrJJ. nC'«. the wine for which 
thoii hast labored Is.62,8.— 2) to 
be weary, exhausted T\^^^ ''3 ny 
It* until his hand was weary 
28.23,10; with 3: to be weary with, 
of: ''OnjN? ^PiVl\ 1 am weary with 
my groaning Ps.6,7;'?Kntf: "'3 mr 
thou hast been weary of me, 
Israel Is.43,22. 


Pi. Vl\ {fut Vk''!) to weary 'h^ 
D2Jn-'73-n« naa* ::;rn do not weary 
all the people [to go] thither Jos. 
7,3; IJiy^in n^^''C3n '^DS? the labor 
of the foolish wearieth every one 
of them Kc. 10,15. 

Hiph. J?Jin , yjin to weary, to 
importune ls,43,23i Mal.2,17. 
yj^ m. whac is got by labor, gain 
y^i"; vh\ Vi\y'^"'0 he shall restore 
the gain and not swallow it Jb. 

"ST (P^- ^^?'A^) adj ^) weary, exhausted 
28.17,2.— 2) wearying nnsin '7| 
DU'A^. all things are wearying 


nyr f- toll, weariness; c. 1W^ nVJ^ 

T ■ : T T . 

the weariness of flesh Ec. 12,12. 
"IJ' (akin to "IJiJ) to heap up, whence 

•^J^ Ch. m. heap NnnnE^ 1J) the 
heap of testimonyGen.3l,4:7(equiv- 
alent to "l.V/i in the same verse, 
b^ signifying 'heap', TJ 'witness')- 

"iji (= nu II.) to fear, to be afraid; 
with accus. ^h N3; "'nij; "VS^, the 
thing which I feared is come 
upon me Jb.3,25; with \j£!? : to 
be afraid of HDnni. f\^n V.fP ^^^i}^ 
I was afraid of the anger and 
wrath Deut.9,19; pt t};^ Jer.22, 
25 (considered by the lexicograph- 
ers as adj.; see this word above). 

T (c. T; sf. >T, VQ), DJT; du. 

Dan.:, etc.;pJ.niT, c. nnp i; hand 


iJ"iD';-T his right haii'J Gen.48,7: | 
'i'7NDB>-T his left hand Jud,3,21) ; 
Sm •''ni nnjn the hands are the 
hands 'of Esau Gen.27,22; of the 
legs of a spider: DHi? iT'DDtt* 
2*3riri the spider taketh hold with 
her hands Pr.30,28; of a hand- 
weapon; "I^l^v ^ hand-stone Num. 
35,17; ^^"t'y '''P? a hand-weapon 
of wood 3&,I8; 't^^'D hand-staff 
Bz,39,9; as a more specific ex- 
planation of a noun: T nD^^^ri 
the deposit of the hand (trust) 
Lev. 5,21; l^n^np merchandise of 
the hand E2;.17,15; tS n^Pr.11,21 
ace. Puerst: the hand upon it, in 
truth (V) ni?r-Nb T^ T in truth, 
the wicked shall not go un- 
punished); fig. ngj? n^ hand to the 
mouth, i. e. be silent Pr. 30,32. 
According to the context T' has 
also the following significations: 
a) aid, assistance T]1SSJ ''']'' MSn 
behold, my hand shall be with 
thee (i. e. thou wilt have my 
aid) 2S.3,12; hence ng^D-Ta under 
the hand of (i. e. through) Moses 
Num.33,1; of the divine help: "TS 
Vbv n^itan vn'7K according to the 
good hand (.help, aid) of his God 
upon him Ezr 7,9. b) state, con- 
dition ^!J!^l! "11? according to the 
state of the king Est. 1,7; hence 
of a poor person: in^HDOl and 
if his hand waver (i. e. if he be 
not able) Lev.25,35; 5;''Jin N'^-DISt 

iT 5,7 or in; :i^'^n n'j-qx v. ii if 

his hand reach not (i. e. if he be 
not able), c) power, strength n!2t>' 

T the power is gone Deut.32,36; 
of a weak person: T"1Vp of small 
power (prop, short-handed) ls.37, 
27; ]Vii'^ T3 Q^jni HID death and 
life ar<) in the power of the 
tongue Pr,18,21; 3'5a"''T."'^y by 
the power of the sword Jer.18,21; 
11 nnri under the power Gen.41, 
35; ...TX^p to fill one's hand..., 
i. e. to empower one Ex,29,9; of the 
power of divine inspiration: nn^H 
T.""!! _ V 'Ik' hand (i. e. power) 
of the Lord was upon me Bz.37,1; 
1^1 'Ijiin? with a strong hand 
(i. e. with the power of God's 
might) Is. 8,11; of the avenging 
power of God: D?3 ;rT nnjni 
the hand of the Lord shall be 
against you IS.12,15; "T ''J nSTl 
^1 the hand of the Lora Is gone 
out against me R.1,13. d) guidance, 
direction iT ]K'i the sheep of his 
guidance Ps.95,7; ''1''."'^?? under the 
guidance lChr.25,3 or direction 
2Chr.23,18;"l''C>-''T-'?3; for the direc- 
tion of the singing lChr.6,16; T |Dj 
to submit oneself Jer.50,15, with '^ 
2Ghr.36,l, with nnn lGhr.29,24. 
e) mediation, hence T3 by means 
of, by, through Num.15,23; IK. 
12,15, etc. — T3 sometimes also 
denotes: with oneself njD T]"]''3 np 
n^P^ a'^uhp take from hence 
thirty men with thee Jer.38,10; 
iT3 ilitr* tyi|s' every man his ox 
with him IS. 14,34.— 2) place 
i^.ll T1 and select a place Bz. 
21,24 I see also under X"T,3 I.);^: pns 7\^ n;nn ti an"thcj-^. 




shalt have a place without the 
camp Deut.23,13-, p31 "jnj ni"'?! 
any place of the river Jabok 
2,37; ir-ngt ^''^ 13;T they shall 
feed every one in his place Jor. 
6,3; in^^-'?l? t^'K every one on his 
place Num.2,17; D"'T Cn3 ninxV 
D1J7 they had no place to flee to 
Jos.8,20 (Eng. Bible: they had 
no power to flee); hence DH^^'^OT 
wide-ext,ended: ani.l '^VIJ D^n nj 
DIlTt'iis great and wide-extended 
sea Ps.104,25; D"'.T >2ni nnx^ 
wide-extended rivers is.33,31. — 
5^ monument, mark T i'7 ^'''iO he 
set himself up a monument IS. 
15,12; DiSa^aN ni Absalom's monu- 
ment IS. 18, 18; T Kz.21,24 ace. 
some: way-mark. — 4) only pi. 
nin^ o^ arms, hand-rails, handles 
nj.DI nip nin^l and there were 
arms on either side IK.10,19; of 
wheels: axle-trees CilSiXn n^^^. 
the axle-trees of the wheels 7,32; 
hence also: tenon t:'']p.!z ni^; "'^I'f 
nni<n two tenons shall there be 
in one board Bx.26,17. h) paris 

n.ini niTH Wi^l ^Vi^b nTPO 

DD*? the fifth part unto Pharaoh, 
and four parts shall be unto you 
Gen.47,24; D5| DiTH in'il* the two 
parts of you 2K.11,7; hence; times 

nlT' and Benjamin's portion was 
five times so much as any of 
theirs Gen.43,34; -hybv Din; 1|>« 
D\?a'inn ten times above (.i. e. 
better than) all the magicians 
Dan. 1,20. 

T Ch. f. hand; def. NT Dan.5,5; 
sf. 1\1\ Bzr.7,14, n'nij 5,8; du. »h 
|n''5 without hands' Dan.2,34. 

ii1\ Ch. (= Heb. n n;) to thank; 
only Aph. [pt. snino , also 
contracted NH^D) natl'Ol N7iinp ...T|S 
KjX I thank and praise thee Dan. 
2,^23; nn^.^. nnf: xniDI and he gave 
thanks before his God 6,11. 

H/'XT' i""- n. a place in Zebulun 

Si'^'l^ pr. n. m. 

TT fll) to cast (lots; Jo.4,3} 

Nah.3,10. See also nn;i. 
nnT see nlT""!: . 
nT" I. (= ni'Li imp. pi. IT) to throw 


to shoot Yvrb^. ^bpnrj-h^ .tSn vi\ 

shoot at her, spare no arrow J<)r. 

Pi. nv (fut pi. nifor nil s «w^. 

mi) to cast, to throw i? ]3N IIM 
andthey cast astoneupon me Lam. 

3,53; D:iJin nijn[2."nN niTS to cast 

down the horns (i. e. the power) of 
the nations Zch 2,4. See also '\'V' . 

nT* II. C=Ch. NT) to confess (Kd 

TT ^• 

uot used). 

Hiph. nTn (fut. nii'> ; i)t. nTD ■, 

imp. pi. nin ; inf. nniH) 1) to give 
thanks, to praise 3*1 .Hj^^ T]"liN 
! will give thee thanks in the 
great congregation Ps. 35,18; miH^, 
^•■DN 7]nii nriN Judah, thou art 
he whom thy brethren shall praise 




Gen.49,8; "^^h rinim. 1in.nB*;i and 
they worshipped, and praised the 
Lord 20hr.7,3.— S) to confess 
"S lytl'S '''71? miN I win confess 
my transgressions unto the Lord 
Ps.32,5 Dn-!':a.T>l n^iai whoso 
confesseth and forsaketh [hie 
sins] shall have mercy Pr.28,13. 

sithp. niinn {fut. n-jw, i n^jn^; 
pt. niinp , pi. DniriD ; inf. niiinn) 

to confess, to malie confession of 
sins Lev.26,4:0; with hv Neh.9,2; 
with h Neh.9,3. 

1'^^ pr. n. m. 1) a person mentioned 
in lChr.27,21.— 2) Ktib Ezr.10,43 

for •''31. 

3?^T i""- n. m. 1) a person men- 
tioned in N6h.l0,22.— 2) another 
person Neh. 12,11. 

V\T\\T (l^^T. a. Ktib ]in''n:) pr. m. 
Jeduthun, one of tho Levites ap- 
pointed by David as chorister in 
the temple lChr.9,16; 16,42; also 
the name of a musical choir 
founded by Jeduthun, which con- 
tinued to exist long after him 
Neh.11,17. This name is mentioned 
in the titles of Psalms 39,62 a. 77. 

^Ti pr. n. m. Bzr.10,43 {Kri for H^.). 

TT (c. T'T , pl- D^^T ; f- HT'I^ , 
pl. riiT'n)) adj. beloved, lovely, 
pleasant ^''. T'H^ the beloved of 
the Lord'^'Deut.33,12; niT'l^-nD 
Tj''niJ3tJ*i3 how lovely are thy 
tabernacles Ps.84,2; pl. f. some- 

times in an abstract sense: love, 
delight niT'Tl 'V^ a song of 
love Ps.45,1. 

nn^T' pi"- «• mother of king Josiah 

nnn\ nnnV- loveliness, delight 

■'B'?j'nnn^ the delight of my 

soul Jer.12,7. 

rT'T'T' i""- n. the name given to 
Solomon at his birth by the 
prophet Nathan 28.12,25. 

n^T' pi"- n, m. 

I^inn) Ktih for jinn'' , which see., 
fn'V pr. n. m. 

:;il ifut. yr-, pt vi% yni\ f. nri-i; 

pt. p. ?jn!^; imp. yi, oncenS?"1Pr. 
24,14: inf. yTi; verh. n. H^T, nr'l) 
to know in the widest sense, 
hence; 1) to see Dp^.^ ''X'V. ^'^^%P!l 
on nipyv •'S IJ^Tland the eyes'of 
them both were opened, and they 
saw that they were naked Gen. 
3,7; -liK WiX ^^ tiiey saw not the 
light Jb.24,16.— 2) to understand 
-IblDI np?n nrnS to understand 
wisdom and instruction Pr.1,2; 
j;ipits ^V^i^ understanding good 
and &vil Gen.3,5.— 3) to ascer- 
tain nnps; nSb^-r^ n'iib to ascer- 
tain the well-being of Esther 
Est.2,11.-- i) to know, to have 
knowledge ''TOT vh I know not, 
Gen.4,10; IgD H^ one that hath 
knowledKe of writing (one that 



i3 learned) 18.29,11; n|.3K ''J?S?3;nS 
I know not to give flattering 
names Jb.32,22: D'H i^T'' ni>JN iE*3K 
shipmen that had knowledge (ex- 
perience) of the sea IK.9,27; DJI 
]n Q'^'J-i^h iih nor yet favor to 
men of knowledge Bc.9,11; n^T 
^I'nifJ knowing (knowledge of) the 
Lord Is.11,9; D'^ri'rK. n?Jl pS there 
is no knowledge of God Hos.4,i. — 
5) to know, to have acquaintance 
with CVT) D'<pDn n^ti'JS wise 
men, and linown Deut.1,15; ^'^f) 
■"ilJSD IT'Tl^ and those that have 
acquaintance with me are verily 
estranged from me Jb. 19,13; V^'^) 
''hh acquainted with grief (or 
sickness) Is.53,3. — 6) to perceive, 

to feel naipni n^ac'a yv nh) and 

he perceived not when she lay 
down, nor when she arose Gen. 
19,33; WyT;-'?? ''J1D';n they have 
beaten me, I felt it not Pr.23,35; 

Vi 13n yTi n'? mXfi 1DiU> whoso 

' T T r '^ — • t: ■ 

keepeth the commandment shall 
feel no evil thing Ec.8,5.— 7) to 
know carnally, to cohabit D'1^55 
inW np-nK J^T and Adam knew 
(cohabited) his wife Eva Gen.4,1. 

Niph. J^TJ (fut yV.), '^ I'i'.X'- '' 
pt. J^liJ) 1) to be known, discover- 
ed, p'erceived I^^TJ ^h TJ^IpiJi^V 
thy footsteps are not known Ps. 
77,20; 11.5 J^liJ David was dis- 
covered 'lS.22,6; Wi-^3 Vr^ x'?] 
njanp-':'^ and it could not be 
known (perceived) that they had 
come into their bodies Gen.41,21; 
with '^ or h^.: to make oneself 


known to B^iJ^S '<yniri b» make 
not thyself known unto the man 
R.3,3; D.t't.K ''riV-Vi I made my- 
self known unto them Ez.20,9. — 
2) to be instructed ''V'iTl ''nnNI 
ri-f-'^r ■'npSD and after I was 
instructed, I smote upon mj' thigh 
Jer.31,18.— 5) to be punished 
riT" TiDin trjjyiO^ and he that 
perverteth his ways shall be 
punished Pr.10,9. 

Pi. VT. to appoint, to assign 
(prop, to cause to know) t^'^T. 
icipp "^UW bast thou assigned 
the m.orning dawn its place ? Jb. 
38,12; once y'li'' in the same sense; 

■'jb'^X I have appointed the serv- 
ants to such and such a place 

Pu. y3'! to be known, to be 
familiar; only pt. J/'T.IP an ac- 
quaintance Ps.55,14. 

Riph. vnin (fut s?nii , j^iip ; 

imp. J^nin , pi. 1I^''p*n) l) to cause 
to know, to let know ^l ''jjJ''Tn' 
''Yp Lord, make me to know mine 
end Ps.39,5; n^th V^'p. yn/P he 
made known his ways unto Moses 
103,7; TlJppr'?>? TT'' D''^?': ^^ the 
father to the children shall make 
known thy truth Is,38,19; naniJ? 
"liT DjriJJ and we will let you 
know a thing 1S.U,12.— 2) to 
chastise, to punish DS Dn3 pni'J 
niSp ■'ti'JS and he chastised with 
them the men of Succoth Jud. 8, 
16.— K pi m. D'^py^ 2 Chr. 23, 16, 




Soph. J/'TiH (for ^IH) to be- 
come known inN'DO V^JK Jllin-ix 
or if his sin become known to 
him Lev. 4,23; pt. f. TO^ID known 
Is.12,5 (ffW). 

Hitlip. J^BTli? to make oneself 
known, to reveal oneself J^'illOO? 
VnK"'?K ^Di'' while Joseph made 
himself known unto his brethren 
Gen.45,1; V^IO^ T'^?< n^1S3 1 will 
reveal myself unto him in a 
vision Num. 12,6. 
yT Ch. t^fut. VI?)) to know; pt. ]}'\^ 

knowing (i. e. he knoweth) Dan. 
2,22; pt. p. T"!) known: NIH^] V^l) 
N'3707 be it known unto the king 

Aph. ynin ifut. riin:) to make 
to know vJVlin] i^^hu 1t?S and 
he made me know the interpreta- 
tion of the things Dan. 7,16. 
t?T' pr. n. m. 

n''S?T' pf. n. m. 

T : 

Jy'^'' (.pl- Q''^V'?I) wi wizard, sor- 
cerer, magician ''jj/'ll 1K JiK a 
familiar spirit or a wizard Lev. 
20,27; Deut.18,11. 

n"' (abridged from liT, an apoco- 
pated form of Hin^) Jah, Lord 
iDB> n\3 Jah is his name Pr.68,5; 
n^ mpjl 7^ Jah is my glory and 
my song Ex.15 2; .TlS'pn Ps.l04, 
35; 105,45, etc. = r\\)i'2U praise 
ye the Lord; before another name 
of God for greater emphasis: Hjl 

d-'iISn Lord God Ps.68,19; nri'; n;3 

D'^Dbiy "IIV in Lord Jehovah is 
everlasting strength ls.26,4; an- 

nexed to nouns to denote un- 
usual power, greatness, etc., as 
n' r^nytl' a vehement flame Cant. 
8,6; iT" 3niP great enlargement 
Ps. 118,5; n^ ]''pn one great in 
power (of God 'himself) 89,9.— 
rP is used at the end of many 
compound proper names, as H^'ps , 
n''a'T , n'^Uti"' , etc. (it is to be 

t; : • ' t: - ; ^ '• 

noted that in such cases the H 
is without Mappik). In many of 
such names H^ is interchanged 

with in'' , as in''?N , niusyi , etc. 

IT ' IT' •• ' it; - : ^ 

in^ (only imp. :in , H^n , f. ''jn , 

pi. UH) 1) to give Jn 3n give, 
give Pr.30,15; ''nC'S-n^ H^H give 
me my wife Gen.29,21; finSIjlBD ^2r^ 
give the cloak R.3, 15 (Eng. Bible: 
bring the vail, taking ^.?n for 
''SUn); nVl? D3^ Un give counsel 
among you 28.16,20.— 2) to set, 
to appoint D''C>:k nB''?C' DjS UH 
^5^2 set ye for yourselves three 
men for each tribe Jos. 18,4. — 
3) as interj.: come on ! go to ! 
1''V IJ^'H^^J njn come on, let us 
build a city Gen. 11,4. — liH Hos. 
4,18 taken by most interpreters 
as coming from jn^Di* (redupl. of 
aOK , which see): ]^'?p^ Un lans 
n''3''jp her rulers dearly love 
shame(^i e. shameful deeds);others, 
with Kimchi, take 1311 as imp. of 
DH^ and render the passage: her 
rulers with shame love, 'Give ye' 
(i. e. gifts). 

nri^_, aw. ipt: liui, pi. p^n;) to 

give Dan.2,29; Ezr.5,14. 



Ithp. in^Tlii* to be delivered 
Dan. 7,25. 

5/1'' (from iSn^) prop, what is given, 
allotted, hence; lot, fate ^^.^U 
'I??'! ""''i? cast thy lot upon the 
Lord (i. e. put thy reliance upon 
him) Ps.55,23. 

nn'' {den. from only SUhp. 

- T 

IDiriiT' to become a Jew D''211 
D'^IQinO •f'nNn Vi^D and many of 
the people of the land became 
Jews Est.8,17. 
'7)1'' J""' n. a city in Dan Jos. 19,45. 

l|n''~ abridged from nT\\; occurs 
in compound proper names, as 

innn« , n^»T' , etc. 

it:--; ' it: :" ^ 

~'in^ same as in^^, but occurs only 
at the beginning of names, as 
tnKirr; , nJin^ , etc.; sometimes 
abridged into '"ii as: tnsii ^ i-,ji\ 

X^rf J3»"- "• i) a liing of Israel 2K. 
9,2.— U) a prophet IK. 16, 1.— 
3) name of several other persons 
lChr.2,38 etc. 

THXin'' pr- n. 1) king of Israel 2K. 
""13,1.— 2) king of Judah 2K.23, 

31 = tnsji^ 2Chr.36,2 = n;t.n«. , 
in''-nN 2¥9,i6;2Chr.22,i =inniy. 

it;--; ' ' IT . . 

V. 6. 
JJ-'Xln^ '5*^^'' W- '"■• V liing of Judah 

2K.l'2,l; 11,2.- 2) king of Israel 

2K.13,9 a. 10. 
•Jljn' Ch. i)*"- «• Judea^D§,n.2j25. •• 

m^n'' P^- «• -Z) son of Jacob by 

T ; 

Leah Gen 29,35; also the tribe 
descended from him, T\'VlT\\ HEO 
Num. 1,27, and the territory of 
that tribe described in Jos 15. 
After the division of the king- 
dom, the name of Judah was 
given to ths entire kingdom com- 
prising the tribes of Judah and 
Benjamin with a portion of Simeon 
and Dan; the other kingdom was 
called 'rt^'li?'^ Israel, and also 
Ephraim. After the exile the name 
min^. was given to the whole 
country of the Hebrews Hag,l,H. 
Where rTllH^ signifies the land, 
Judea, it is f. Is. 7,6; where it 
signifies the people, the Jews, it 
is TO. 3,8. — 2) name of several 
persons Neh.11,9; Ezr.3,9, etc. 

''T.n'' (.P^- Ctl^n^ a. ninin'j l) gent. 

Judean, Jew 2K.16,6;25,25; f. T^lirf, 

Jewess lChr.4:,18.— 2) pr. n. of 

a person Jer. 36,14. 
•'I^n' Ch. (pi. \''^'p.\) gent Judean; 

pi. 'def. N.nin^ Dan. 3,8. 

nn^n* 1) gent. f. from ''^1^^ used 
as adv.: in Jewish IJSl? "ISiri" ,X 
n''"]ini talk not with us in the 
Jewish language 2K.18,26.— 2) 
pr. n. wife of Esau Gen.26,34. 

nin'' (prop. "^J^l ever-being, from 
mn with the vowels of "'int?.) 


Jehovah, i)r. n. the supreme being 

of the Hebrews. Regarding this 

name as too sacred to be uttered, 

' the' Hebrews substitute for it in 

■TnTin"' 234 

reading the word "'JIK ; occurring 
together with ''Jlt< it is read 
n^'1'''.5S, whose vowels it then 
assumes (nin;.) 28.7,18 a. 19; Is. 
50,4, etc. 
T.nTln'' P»"- n. m. of three persons. 

T T ; 

IJnin' pr. n. 1) a high priest Bzr. 

10,6 = I J n i 1 Neh. 12, 22 = jriJi^ 

Neh.12,11 — 2) name of several 

other persons. 
J?n^1n'_ pr. n. 1) high priest at the 

time of Joash 2K.11,4.— 2) other 


\y'V]\ pr. n. king of Judah 2K. 
24,8,'for which J''?;ii Ez.1,2, ^H^^^a; 
Jer.24,1, iTJJl Jer.28,4, and in'iji 

^ ' T;t : ' ' |T;t 


ffp^ln"' i"*- n. king of Judah Jer. 
1,3; previously CR^^iK , which see. 

.Dn'InV''- '»• a liigh priest in Jeru- 
salem lChr.9,10 = anM"! , which 

^^ypi) pr. n. m. Jer.37,3 = Sd^ 38,1. 

.njln) a. Jlii^ pr. n. 1) ancestor 
of the nomadic Rechabites Jer. 
35,6.— 2) son of David's brother 

]njTn^_ a. jnji'' pr. n. 1) son of Saul 
18.13,31. — 2) son of the priest 
Abiathar 28.15,27.— 3) a person 
mentioned in Jud. 18,30 and several 
other persons. See also JDJV . 

r]Din; Ps.81,6 for fpy' , which see. 

''^VyVpr. n. TO. lChr.8,36=n'11>.! 
U 1". ' 

I'^rin;' (stib i^'^yinp pr. n. f. 2k. 

plXlri'' pr. n. father of Joshua the 

I T T ; 

high priest Hag.1,1 = piVl^ Bzr. 

min'' a. WXi^pr. n. 1) king of Judah 
IK.22,51.— 2) king of Israel 2K. 
3,1.— 5) another person 2Chr.l7,8. 

J^i&'l/T' pr. n. sister of Ahaz, king 
of Judah and wife of the high 
priest Jehoiada 2K.ll,2=n5;j:B'in^ 

ritrln'; , ??2*in^ pr. n. l) son of Nun, 
disciple of Moses Ex.17,9, previ- 
ously called iJB'in Num. 13, 8; 
= i?1tli^. Neh.8,17.— 2) governor 
of Jerusalem at the time of king 
Josiah 2K.23,8.— 3) a high priest 
contemporary of Zerubabel Hag. 
l,l = i;ity;.Bzr.2,2.— 4) another 
person lS.6,14a. 18. 

tDSa-'ln'; pr. ». l) king of Judah 
IK.15,24, from whom the valley 
between Jerusalem and the Mount 
of Olives has received the name 
tiffin^, pna Jo.4,2.— 2) a recorder 
of David 2S.8,16.— 3) an officer 
of Solomon IK.4,17.— 4) father 
of Jehn king of Israel 2K.9,2 a. 14. 

1\'l' adj. proud, arrogant Pr.21,24. 

tlX^f n'' pr. n. m. 

^^'Hl "*• ^ precious stone Ex.28,18 
(according some: onyx; others; 

pTa. n Ynjli''". n. a city in Reuben 




*in'' (akin to l^n) to be high; fig. 
to be high-minded, proud, whence 


"T'' contracted from 'in^ , which see. 

^t<'j''p*-. n. 1) a general of David 
lS.26,6.— 2) name of two other 
persons lChr.4,14; Ezr.2,6. 

■DKl^ pr. n. 1) son sf Asaph, the 

recorder of Hezekiah 2Kl8,18.— 
2) recorder of king Josiah 2Chr. 
34,8. — 3) name of two other 
persons lChr.6,6; 26,4. 

triNT' see rnsin'' a. nnnN. 

t'Kl'' Pf- n. 1) a prophet Jo. 1,1. — 
2) the eldest son of Samuel IS. 
8,2. — 5) name of several other 

Z'HT pr- n. father of Gideon Jud. 


6,11; see also E'Kini . 
;2l'' pr. n. son of Issachar Gen. 46, 

13 =:i31tr; Num. 26,24; lChr.7,1. 
3i1^ pr. n. 1) son of Joktan Gen. 


10,29.— 2) king of Edom Qen.36, 
33.— 3) king of Canaan Jos.11,1.— 
4) other person lChr.8,9 a. 18- 
t'lV a. Sa'i ipl. D'^SaV) m. 1) ram 
(ace. Puerst from Si^ I.; so named 
trom its strength like h ) K) t]B>l?3 
'^ii'D pp.? when they make a 
long blast with a ram's horn 
Jos.6,5; D"'^3i'' nnsiC> trumpets 
of rams' horns 6,6; with omission 
of pij!, or 1SiE> Ex.19,13. (Ace. 
Oes. ^51'' is onomatopoeic and is 
the same as Lat. jubilum and 
Germ. Jubel, signifying: shout 

of joy). — 5) sound of the trumpet, 
wherefore Lev. 25, 13, etc.: nJB^ 
Sji'H the year of jubilee an- 
nounced by trumpets on the 10th 
day of the 7th month of every 
50th year, in which lands reverted 
to their original possessors, slaves 
were set free, and fields lay un- 
tilled; also with omission of HJC* , 
in which case ^yf^ is sometimes f. 
D3S nj^in '731^ it shall be a jubilee 
unto you Lev.25,10. (The word 
'jubilee' in English is of Hebrew 

^y^ pr. n. son of Lamech, inventor 
of musical instruments Gen.4,21. 

b2V (=''i1N, from b:2). III.) m. 
river Jer.17,8. 

^iT1'' J""- "■ »*. of several persons. 


liTl'' pr- n. m. 2K.12,22 = na» 2Chr. 

NHl'' W- **• "*• of several persons. 
IjnV JM". w. m. of two persons. 
VT^I^ i""- **• »*• of two persons. 

pi^ see p5;i^^ ' 

Cp^l^jw- "■ *"■ high priest Neh.l2,10i 
3^1^1^ i""- w- ***• Neh.11,5. 


Tiil'' P^- »• mother of Moses Ex. 

b^V P^- »^- see b2V\) . 

UV {sf. ■'laii , Tjpi'' , iDV ; dM. DJpi' ; 
pi. D"'!?;, c. ''0!, j)oe(. niDli sf. id;, 
;1''D; , □3''D:) m. day DNtJ^S Nipn 
DV nixS and God called the light 
Day Gen.1,5; of day-light: OI^-kS 




nSv xSl neither day, nor night 
(i. e. twilight) Zch.14,7; D'''^ in 
the day-time (as opposed to n^;?2) 
Gen. 31,40. According to the con- 
text Di^ has different significa- 
tions: a) with the definite article 
("H) sometimes: this day, to-day 
"iriDI Di'n to-day and to-morrow 
Ex. 19,10. h) 'the day of one' sig- 
nifies; day of binh iDT'-nh' '^.^P-U 
and he cursed his day [of birth] 
Jb.3,1; festival day IJS'tD Qii the 
day of our king, i. e. his birth- 
day or day of inauguration Hos, 
7,5; illluck, mlsf.rtune Tj^'riS Qii 
the day (i o. misfortune) of thy 
brother Ob. 12; lot, life Dii na'j? 
whose lot is hard, who lialh hard 
lucli; Jb.30,25; 1\^ DT' the day of 
the Lord, i. c. the day of judgment 
and punishment is. 2,12. c) in a 
wider sense; time iDl^ S'3 lE'X 
whose time has come Ez.21,30; 
iDV ^^1 before his time Jb.l5,32i 
Di'ns is.9,13 or Hjn ni'ns Gen. 
89,11 about this time; hence as 
tiAv.: when f<TN Di^ when I am 
afraid Ps.56,4: Xpp^; Di''3 when 
I cry V. 10. a.) ni'D-"^! daily, at 
all times, continually Ps.4-2,4; 
all the. day long 44,23. e) Di'' Di'' 
every day, daily Gen. 39,10; Di*p 
di^ 7X from day to day, daily 
Num.30,15i iDi''! Di'' 151 every 
day its due portion Ex.5,13. 

Dm. coil two days CDi'' uh 
the bread of two days Ex.16,29; 
ID?}.! □^Di'' IN' ni'' DNif he continue 

a day or two 21,21; D^Di'D ir?n.; 
after two days will he revive us 

j;i. Din^days D''p:;na;iC' seven 
days Gon.8,10; D'^nnN D"'!?!. some 
days 27,44; in a wider sense; 
a) time D''D^ fj^.p after the ex- 
piration of some time Gon.4,3; 
D'P^T rinnxa in the last days 
i. e. in the future time 49,1; 
Q^Pp 'Tl^l events of the times 
(chronicles) IK.15,7; D''p; ti'ln a 
month of time Num.11,20; DTlja^ 
CCMwo years of time Gen. 41,1. 
h) a definite space of time, a 
year Ctthn nir3"1K1 Cp; a year 
and four months 1S.'27,7; D''!D>n nJ» 
the yearly sacrifice 2,19; D^p*p 
np^P^ from year to year, every 
year Ex.13,10; n^DI Q'P;p D^O;'? 
n;ja> nip^b f jjn Tm_ in process of 
time, after the end of two years 
2Chr.21,19 c) time of life, age 
D''P^3 N3 far gone in days, i. e. 
advanced in age Gen. 24,1; Ti^l 
Cp^ great of age, i. e. very aged 
Jb.15,10; n^PpYi? short of age, 
short-lived 14,1; poei. n3T DiDi 
let age speak, i. e. the aged 
32,7; D^p; -^^A the length of days, 
i. e. of life 11,12. 

QV Ch. (&/•. N'Oi''; p?. I'-pi^ def. K^DI'', 
c. ip^. , "ipi> , DDi-' i «/•. p^pi'') m. 
same as Heb. Di^ in all its variety 
of meanings Dan.6,11; Ezr.6,15; 
«;pi'' ni^qK? in the future time 
DaD.2,28i Qi''? Qi'' every day Ezr. 




DDT'' adv. by day nS'^Sinni'' day 

X T, T T 

and night, always Jos. 1,8; once; 
every day, daily Ps.1.3,3. 

IV to be in a ferment, whence | V 
and i:,:. 

IV^""- M- 1) son of Japhet Gen. 
10,2.— 2) name applied to Greece 
(prop. Ionia) Is. 66,19; pair. '' : V. 
an Ipnian, a Greek d''J1.''n \J3 
the fauns of the Greeks Jo.4,6.— 
3) city in Yemen (Arabia) Bz.27,19. 

]V (c- ]].)) m. mud, mire jVn t2''ta 
the clay of mire (miry clay) Ps. 
40,3; nhvp 1 1.; mire of the depth 
(deep mire) 69,8. 

n-jj? see,:injin;. 

nj? (c. riJi'' ; pi D'^Ji'') f. dove Gen. 
8,8; Is 38,14, etc.; nJi'< V.? young 
doves Lev. 5,7; as a term of endear- 
ment: ■'Oji'' Wp my love, my 
dove Cant.5,2; 'n"'Ji'' Hli''?? tliine 
eyes are dove-like (i. e. like 
doves' eyes) Cant.4,l;poe<. of Israel 
in exile: D'' n'7.t< nJi'' the dove 
of silence in remoteness Ps.5S,l.— 
3) pt. f. of ni\, which see.— 
3) pr. n. of a prophet Jon. 1,1. 

ijv see i;;. 

p3T"> (from pr ; pJ. n''pJ.i'') m,. 1) suck- 
ing child Lam.2,11; more fully 
D^HB* 'pJi'' those that suck the 
breasts Jo.2,I6.— .8) young twig, 
shoot I^JS'? pji'l h'iH he shall 
grow up before him as a young 
twig (Bng. Bible: as a tender 
plant) ls.53,2. 

branch KVn inpii^ in|i '72?V and 
his branch shooteth forth in his 
garden Jb.8,16; pi. sf. Vjnip^i'' 13^.1 
his branches shall spread Hos. 

\r\2T pr. n. 1) same as '[riJin^ , 
which see. — 2) name of several 
other persons. 

tip? pr. n. 1) son of Jacob by 
Rachel Qen.42,6; FlQii \J? Jos.14,4 
or«lDi'' n^3 17,17 of the two tribes, 
Bphraim and Manasseh, descended 
from Joseph; sometimes of the 
whole nation of Israel fpi"' n''1t!|' 
the remnant of Joseph Am.5,15; 
once fl??in^. Ps.81,6.- 2) name of 
several other persons. 

n"'£Dl* pr- w. w. 

t; • 

nt'ss?? pr. w. «*. 


ITS?? !"■■ **• "*• 

tJ.*!?? ^r. M. m. of two persons. 


pn^? see pnvin; . 
"i;£? , ir (prop. pi. of "iv; ; sf. 1^v^. 
i^nT) # o"'"lVi\ e. nvv) w. 

i) potter D"'p-DDT. "^T'' i°?^ and 
as the potter treadeth clay Is. 
41,25) CIV^^ ''5.^ potters' vessel 
30,14.— 3) maker, former ^pg'^nV'' 
the makers of a graven image Is. 
44,9.— 5) creator «in ':3n IXi'' ho 
is the creator of all things Jer.lO, 
- 16.— 1}{VZch.ll,13acc. Fuerstfor 
TilK.— • See also under W. 

n-pl* 238 

W'pV !"■• **• "*• 
nr see HT. 


nil"* (from nV) iji. i) early rain 
(In autumn) tSiplDI ITji'' the early 
rain and the latter rain Deut.ll, 
14.— 2) pt. of np^, which see. 

QTJ^ pr. n. 1) same as Dllplj , which 

see. — 2) another person 2Chr. 

8,10 = D^;i^L1 lChr.l8,10. 
ion 3^V (grace is returned) pr. n. 

symbolic name of a son af Zeru- 

babel lChr.3,20. 

n'32'1' pr. n. m. 
nti'1' pr- n. m. 


t2S{J''1'''2)r.«.i)name of two persons. — 

V) see t:SB*1n: . 
Dnl'' l"". ». .y youngest sow of 


Gideon Jud.9,5. — 2) king of Judah 

IJnl'' see in'' . 

nnn? see n^nv 
TV ?.^ see nn. 

7NT J""- w. m. 
YV pr. n. m. 


n^vT'' pr. n. m. 
or see DDt. 

ip (akin to JtK I.) to be weighty, 

Pu. pt. pi. n'^ivn weighty, 
i, e. well-fed Jer.5,'8* (Kri); but 
see pt . 

(Tir a. ^n^H^ see in;^iKl. 

yr to drop, to triskle, whence 

nsj.t a. vj,::. ■ 

W t ' »«■ sweat Bz.4:4,18 

' -IV 

niT'' l"". >». same as irntij (which 

see) lChr.27,8. 
^V^T ^- **■ *"■ ■'■^ Neh. 12,4:2.— 

2; ichr.7,B = n;i;ii| 5,32. 

^r. n. 1) a city in Issachar Jos. 
19,18, in the north of Palestine, 
favorite place of king Ahab IK. 
18,45, and capital of Jehu 2K,9, 
21; 10,1, whence b«S?1.P. "iDl Hos. 
1,4 the blood of Jezreel, i. e. the 
blood there shed by Ahab and 
Jehu; not far from this city was 
the Valley of Jezreel "^NyT. P9?? 
Jos.17,16; gent. '•'jKV.'T.l 'lK.2ljl, 
f. n\'?N2Jn!: IS. 27,3 a. iT'Soi 
30,5. — 2) a city in Judah Jos. 
15,56. — 3) a person mentioned 
in lChr.4,3. 
^^^ (akin to nn«; fut. TD.':) to be 
united, to become one "7tiS DJtP? 
''"11^3 "inn unto their assembly 
mine honor (i. e. my spirit) shall 
not be united Gen.49,6. 

Pi. in^ to unite; imp. ^^^7 Iffi 
TI^B* r^^yh unite my heart to 
fear thy name Ps.86,11. 




IJyi {^ lq^) m. 1) oneness 'h. .T?^ 
"in;^ a^S n3\'5y. I win have to- 
wards you a heart for oneness 
(i. e. I will have one heart with 
you) lChr.12,18.— 2) as adv. a) to- 
gether, jointly, in union nn2"]n3 
Igp ■'55^3 when the morning stars 
sang together Jh.38,7; D'-nK ni2> 
"in''"Dil when brethren dwell close- 
ly together (in union) Ps.133,1-, 
in: nril>5?' "^^fl and they fell 
all seven together 2S.21,9. h) al- 
together, wholly i:j.y«"i?? ''?J« in;: 
until that I wholly pass over 
Ps.141,10 (Eng. Bible: whilst that 
I weithal escape); 3^30 '\T\1 whol- 
ly round about Jb.10,8. 

"l'^n\ 1'''5n! ai«. 1) togelhei, with 
one another l^ni DH'':^ ^'??i and 
the went both of them together 
Gen.22,6; TVV TXpXi let us take 
counsel together Neh.6,7.— 2)alike 
IfJ'^n;: nry they shall part alike 
IS.30,24;" ni»^^ iO^ 1R3 TID: for 
the morcing is to all of them 
alike as the shadow of death Jb. 

I'^n' pr. n. m. 

^{^'in' pr. n. m. 

liT'^n^ pn n. m. of two persons. 

^Kin' Ktib. for 7«"'D; . which see. 

n'tri' 2"*- w- «*• 

t: : — 

^ap^n'^pr.n.l) the prophet Ezekiel 

Ez!l,3.— -8) another person IChr. 

n*DTn'' . in^pfn^ pr. n. m. 1) same 

tI' : ' : ■ iTi : - , 

as n*f3in , which see. — 2) two 
other persons B2r.2,16; 2Chr.28,12. 

mTni?)*-. n. m. lChr.9,12 = nOR 

^X^IT' pr. n. m. of several persons 
Bzr.8,9; 2Chr.29,U (Kttb h^p^X etc. 

TH'' (f- HTin^.) at^.i; only one r\^^'t)^. 
^ITOrnX thy son, thine only one 
Gen.22,2; f. nTH] Jud.11,34; fig. 
of the soul Ps.22,'21. - 3) alone, 
solitary "liX iJS?1 TilTl I am solitary 
and afflicted Ps.25,16; pi. ^V'lQ 
nn)2 n''Tmhesetteththe solitary 
in families 68,7. 

ri'n' pr. n. m. lChr.15,24 = ''H"'D! 

Ti'Tl'' Lam.3,26 ace. Ges. a. Fuerst: 
adj. waiting, hoping; others: fut. 

of hr\ (see ':"in 6). 

t'n"' (akin to "^in) to wait {Kal not 

Niph. hnS^ (fut. 7.rP^.) to wait, 

to stay nrnpn nn?« n^qU ''? k'^pq 

when she saw that she had waited, 
and her hope was lost Ez.19,5) 
D''ins Dip; ny^E* tv '^n^'.land hd 
stayed yet other seven days Gen. 
8,12 (comp. IS.13,8). 

Fi- '^'.n.i (pi. i'^'Q:, '^I'^ni; fut. 
'jrr.i) 1) to wait ini^ n^Dn ''jty 

but I will wait continually Ps. 
71,14; with h: to hope for N'71. 
^1^ V.?b "^nr. nor doth he hope' 
for the sons of men Mic.5,e; with 
bVi', to rely upon, to trust '7X1 
l^^Q". ''V^ll and on mine arm 




shall they trust Is.51,5. — 2) to 
make one hope ^3^ DJjT? I/H^.l 
and they have made [others] to 
hope for the fulfilment of the 
word Ez.13,6; with accus.: 1^« hv 
''}!IPU) upon which thou hast 
caused me to hope Ps.l 19,49. 

Hiph. S'^nin (fut. Si|ii% ap. Spip , 
I bipliN, 2 ^nin) l) to wait, to tarry 

ti^!:n iN3-ni? "^nin niD;nyati* seven 

days shalt thou tarry, till I come to 
thee IS.10,8; with h: to wait for 
Djn.:?'!'? •'n^nin l waited for your 
words Jb.32,11. 3) to hope ''S^nin 
d''ll':KS hope thou in God Ps.42, 
12.— nS-illiN Jer.4,19 fut. of h^U , 
which see. 

?X7)T' pr. n. son of Zebulun Gen. 
46,14; 'patr. ''SNSm Num.26,26. 

anUsame as DDn; /Mi.Dn;., nJOm); 

-T "^ T . •• 

only Pi. nn) (j)J. ^anifor IDnj, as 
ngK for nON) to be in heat, to 
be in the rut, to conceive'' JO D.n.^. 
''SN my mother conceived me Ps. 
51,7; lK5fn nni ny? at the time 
that the cattle conceived Gen. 
lion'' m. a species of deer, buck. 

^Dn'' jP^. w. m. 

tin^ to make bare, naked. 

nn'' at^i- barefoot, unshod fp^^, niir 
naked and barefoot Is. 20,2; some- 
times as a n: bareness T]jJ1''lJjp 
t]n^D withhold thy foot from bare- 
ness, i. e. from being unshod 
J9r.2 25. 

^K^n>»-- n. m. Gen.46,24 = '?N''VQ! 

lChr.7,13; patr. ''h^^n^ Num.26,48. 
'in'' (same as "IPIN' , which see) to 

delay, to stay, to tarry; only 

Hiph. fut. ap. im nyian-]n ipi'J! 

'\'\V] and he tarried longer than 
the set time which he had ap- 
pointed him 28.20,5 (Z'n). 

tJ'Tl"' to sprout, to shoot forth, 
whence IJ'ni. 

JITT" m. descent, family, genealogj 

ii*DlD""l9.B register of the geneal- 
ogy Neh.7,5. 

^n'' {den. from ti^DJ!) only Stthp. 

— T 

K'niiin to be enrolled in a family 
register, to be recorded genealogic- 
ally lE'ninn D^? all these were 
recorded by their genealogies IChr. 
5,17; nninShS D|>n:nni and their 
genealogical registration by their 
generations 7,y; D''i2'nVian jri| 
genealogical register Bzr.2,62 a. 

nn^ pr. n m. 

ia'' (M- ■2£5"'l , y^l , once f. ''J^iJl; 
for pret. is used iitD I., which see) 
1) to be good; with JD to be better 
than |iD« KJD ''pp^nn art thou 
better than No-Amon Nah.3,8; 
impersonally: "''^'^a". |5;dS that 
it may be well with me Gen. 12, 
13; with \J\y3 , \;sS or S ; to seem 
good, to please' nri''r!^'! I^PVJ 
lien \J''i?3 and their words pleased 
Hanior Gen.34,18; tl'7.§n-\JS'? ipi;j 
and it pleased the king Neh.2,6; 





J.'lS i^''^] and it shall plHase the 
Lord Ps.'69,32.— 2) of the heart: 
to be merry iaS iD^JJ and his 
heart was merry R.3,7; T|5'? i^^l 
and let thy heart be merry Jud. 

Kiph. niD'^n (fwt. i''^V. > ^tDV.' 
i.?).V-l, once i''D;.^ Jb.24,21i mf. 

pt. a''l2''P) ij to do well n^D'^n 
liaT Ig'S"':! they have done well 
all that they have spoken (i. e. 
they have well and rightly spoken) 
Deut.5,28; as adv.: nlKl'? n:ita''n 
thou hast well seen Jer.1,12; U''t^^■^ 
\U play skilfully Ps.33.3; inf. 
i'£3''n , 3tS\T as adv.: well, right, 
diligently, very Jp^^ flE'5"l!l and 
thou hast enquired diligently Deut. 
17,4; iD''n ^'^^ "•5^D?5 and thou 
shalt write... very plainly 27,8; 
^5 '^'5? ^!?''nD art thou very 
wroth''? Jon. 4, 4; d:S|i V1^''->1 
aiD\lS Mic.7,3 ace. Ges.: for evil 
are iheir hands diligently, i, e. 
they do evil diligently (Eng. 
Bible: that they may do evil with 
both hands earnestly). — 2) to do 
wp.ll, to do right .D''I3''ri IIdS learn 
to do well ls.1,17; i:;n; N*^ i^l3''n'j' 
to do good they have no knowl- 
edge Jer.4,22. — 3) to do good 
to one, with h: D?^ a''£3''n he 
hath done you good Jos.24,20; 
with nif: t]i3y \3''12''N a^Sin 1 will 
surely do thee good Gen, 32,13; 
with aceus.: p'Vnis: ^I^iV^a n|!i|3^n 
do good in thy good pleasure 
unto Zion Ps.51,20.— 4) to make 

good, to amend ng^ai.l 13''tJ\'n 
D5''!;7'yO^ amend your ways and 
your doings Jer.7,3. — 5) to tire, 
to ornament nB*N1Tit« i^'^m and 
she tired her head 2K.9,30.— 
6) to please, to seem good ''3 

^\^V '"'^l?"'"'^ ^^^'^^ ^''^1! but if 
it please my father [to doj thee 
evil IS.20,13.— 7) with ^7.: to 
make merry CaS-nS ni::"'taiO HSH 
as they were making their hearts 
merry Jud.19,22. 

2,'^\ Ch. (fut. i^i.^j to seem good, 
with h'i Ezr.7,18. 

n.DtD'' i"*. n. a city in Judah 2K. 

nriilS'' pr. n. a station of the 

TIT : T 

Israelites in the desert Deut.7,10, 
nJ2''_ a. nDI"! pr. n. a city in Judah 

Jos.15,55; 21,16. 
'l^lta'' pr. n. son of Ishmael Gen.25, 

15 and the name of one of the 

Ishmaelite races lChr.5,19. 

'"'' later abbreviation of nin"' ; it is 
t: _ T : 

read ^ilN. 

]';l(.c. IV.;*/-. VV., iJi:) «. wine 
(from jV to ferment; identical 
with Lat. t;m-um, Greek om-os, 
Germ. Ween) 13iV1 ])l wine and 
strong drink Lev.9,iO;|!l"INJ wine- 
bottle IS. 16,20; I.'ITn''^ the' house 
of wine, the banqueting-house 
Cant.2,4; also in the sense ot 
drunkenness, intoxication: YP--^^ 
ij^.P D'J and Noah awoke from 
his wine, i, e. from his drunken- 


ness Gen.9,24; h^^ti ])tU riNV? 
when the wine was gone out from 
Nabal, i. e. when he sobered up, 
when he recovered from his ia- 
toxication lS.25,37. 
T Ktib IS.4,13 for 11. 

V see nSJ . 

ny (akin to n3J) to be right (/M 
not used). 

Niph. HDIJ (pt. f. nnDiJ) 1) to 
dispute, to reason, to argue Dtl* 
iDV naij 1^; there the righteous 
might dispute with him Jb- 23, 7; 
nnDJJI W 137 come now let us 
reason together (dispute witn one 
another) Is.1,18. — 3J ace. Puerst: 
to be set to rights, to be righted 

1[^*^| bb) niry niDS tjS-Kin njri 

nODJI. Ss DKl !;n« behold, this is 
for thee a covering of the eyes 
to all that are with thee; and 
with regard to all thou art righted 
(ace. Bng. Bible nnfjl thus she 
was reproved; see Siph. 3 ) . — 
For the phrase D'',i''y fllDS see 
under niD3 . 

Hiph. n'<3in {fut n'p^^ , ap. ngii) 

I) to judge, to decide llE*']?? n^pini 
J''??"^^^?? / '^i'''* righteousness shall 
he judge the poor Is. 11,4; 'i<b) 
n''?!'' T'J'.N yot?!?'? nor after the 
hearing of his ears shall he decide 
V. 3; ir^;?* |\3 'inipiil that they 
may judge (or decide) between 

242 n^' 

us both Gen.31,37;^i. rrpia jucige, 
mediator Jb.9,33; with Dl? : to 
plead ni'7N-nV "l^jS noi"i1 that one 
might plead for a man with God 

16,21.— 2) to appoint rinsin nnt^ 

T|"1I15J7 her thou hast appointed 
for thy servant Gen. 24,14. — 3J to 
reprove, to rebuke "ilt? O'l^in QJin 
T|0"'py thou Shalt indeed rebuke 
thy neighbor Lev.19,17; nDin-'?^ 
3¥^^1. I§ w- reprove not a scorner, 
lest he hate thee Pr.9,8; "'??? iih 
T]p''5iN ^"'D^.' I will not reprove 
thee for thy sacrifices Ps.50,8 
Tip^?'' ^ONT.Isn will he reprove 
thee for fear of thee ? Jb.22,4-, 
with h or :i of the person: njirt 
^55^.^..\ D9O? rebuke a wise man, 
and he will love thee Pr.9,8; ]© 
P!?n^l r\^ n''3i'' lest he reprove 
thee and thou be found a liar 
30,6; with 3 of the object: D'^pini 
^^'1''.^| ^^ 3^02* "l^K. Dniia 'and 
will reprove the words whick 
the Lord thy God hath heard Is. 
37,4; inf. nsin reproving, censure 
D.IP n.?in n''?i»-na what doth your 
reproving (censure) prove ? Jb. 
6,25.— 4) to prove "'tN i^lT ?]« 
n''?i« VJS only I will prove my 
ways before him (i. e. will show 
that they are right) Jb. 13,15; 
^^S^^! i^y in^Dinj and ye win 
prove against me my disgrace 
19,5.— 5) to chastiso, to punisl 
Q^B*JK. JOiti'41 VflODin^ I will chastise 
him with the rod of men 28.7,14. 
Soph, nain to be chastised, 
punished (others: admonished) 




aiKpa? n3in he is chastised with 
pain Jb.33,19. 

Rifhp. nsinn to dispute, to 
argue, to plead (with UV) n'J) 
n|lipl ^^'(^\ and with Israel will 
he plead Mic.6,2. 

tl''h''2'' see n^S3\ 

t: • ; ^i"^: 

yy' pr. n. 1) son of Simeon Gen. 
46,10 = 5'' V lChr.4,24.— 2) an- 
other person Neh.11,10. — 3) name 
of one of the two pillars before 
Solomon's temple IK.7,21 (the 
other pillar was called JWa). 

3 pi. \hy, "^ \hbi\ fut. Sgv, i Sdin 
2 Sain ,'^1 pi. b'ya ; inf. ^b; , bia; -, 

verb. n. iX^^'l) 1) to be able, I can 
'7''?nS bb; nS was not able to 
receive 2Chr.7,7; iDSj n^3;i then 
thou shalt be able to endure Ex. 
18,23; with finite verb for inf. 
''0''^''51 ''3'l« HDD'iK how shall I be 
able to see Bst.8,6; with a noun 
for inf irji; "hyi"" k'? •'tlO-nS? how 
long will they yet not be able 
to cleanse themselves? Hos.8,5; 
^Din bb ''? ^mr I know that thou 
canst do every thing Jb.42,2. — 
2) to have a right, may '73VN7 
nnSa' he may not send her away 
Deut.22, 29.— 3) to prevail, to 
overcome; with accus.: 1DX'' ]§ 
VJJ^ai. iJl^iN lest mine enemy say, 
I have prevailed against him Ps. 
13,5; with h: iS hy\i np by what 
means we may prevail against 
him Jud.16,5; fig. to attain mental- 

ly, to master n^ '?31«-n'7 na#^ 
it is high, I cannot attain unto 
it (master it, comprehend it) Ps. 
139,6.— 4) to bear, to suffer iDK 
"^OIK nS him will I not suffer Ps. 
101,5; nnVStI ]1« "riaiN vh l cannot 
bear iniquity with festive gather- 
ing Is.l,13i more fully: hy\r\ ^h 

nKB> Pr.30,21 and '^''^n'? ...'^ain j6 

Am.7,10 it cannot bear. 
7i^ Ch, to be able, I can Dan.2, 
47; fut. bl^. 3,29; with h : to pre- 
vail against 7,21. 
42?^. "7151.0 to be able Dan.6,21. 

rivS'' a. 1^179' J""" **■ ™ot^^' of 
king Uzziah 2Chr.26,3 {Ktib n;'?i3;); 

hb.F},-i!^pl;pt. n.S*i, ■i.'7^\ f. nnSii ^ 
rin^.ii ^ p-i^ii ; ^t. p. niiri , c. n^^i .; 
««/•.' iSj," niS, nn^, s/'. ipn."?, 
once n55 for ril'z^'= nn^S is. 

4,19) 1) to bring forth, to bear, 
to beget "hUal 1051 and she con- 
ceived, and bare Gen.4,1; ("TliaK 
^1^1 thy father... that begat thee 
Pr.2'3,22; of birds: to lay eggs «np 
T^i n"?"! IJT as a cuckoo that 

TT ; TT 

hatchelh eggs which he hath not 
laid Jer.17,11; pt. f a) OlSii a 
travailing woman Hos. 13, 13. 
b) n^/.i'' as a finite verb: T\'^V 
]2 TI? nn'P.i'' ^!^^^ Sarah thy wife 
shall bear thee a son Gen.17,19; 
as a substantive: she that hath 
born, one giving birth, a mother 
nifn iTl^'l ^f<' this is the law 
for her that hath born Lev.12,7; 




with «/■. T]ri'l'2'' she that bare thee, 
thy mother Pr.23,25; pt. p. -\& 
one born, a child IK. 3,26; poet. 
nt'ii I'h'' one born of a woman, 
i. e. a frail mortal Jb.14,1 etc. — 
3) to create, to produce D)DB> IS?^ 
'1'\h'< ""D and the hoar-frost of the 
heavens, who hath begotten 
(created) it?— 3) fig. to bring 
ni'' n^rnO V1D ^'^ thou knowest 
net what a day may bring l^r. 

Niph. ni:ij (j)I. nSij , for which 
n^lJ lChr.3,5; 20,8; fut ihV; pt. 
iS'iJ . pi. □•'■iSij ; inf nbp) to be 
born nTV"n?< ^Wh "l.'?VJ and 
unto Enoch was born Irad Gen. 
4,18; pt. lh): QV a people to be 
born Ps.22.32. 

Pi. n^: {inf. l'?:) to help to 
bear; pt.' f. r)T7_'^J2 a midwife Gen. 

35,17, pi. nn^ir? Ex.1.15. 

Pu. n^.; a. n^l'' to be born nj?.; 
^J^'HT a child is born unto us 
Is. 9,5;' '^K'lb'^.S ihv ip who was 
born unto Israel Jud.18,29; Q')P2 
Vt7) D^in before the mountains 
were born (brought forth) Ps.90,2. 

siph n^Sin , Ti^n (fut. T^'ji^ , 
"i^ji^li ;>*■ tSid; mf. ■i\'?in, n^Sin) 

i/ to beget ■'niNTl^ T''?in IP,! 
and Hur begat Uri lChr.2,20; 
niJJI CJa l^i*J! and he begat sons 
and daughters Gen. 5, 4 etc. — 
2) fig. of the earth: to fructify 
nn'^pyni nT.Sini and it fructlfleth 
it and maketh it bud I&.55,10; of 
natural phenomena; to create 

''t2-iSjt< TiSin-"'D who hath be- 
gotten (created) the drops of 
dew Jb, 38,28; in a moral sense: 
P.^' "f^.^i^l '^?? ^'1'^ tliey conceive 
mischief, and bring forth iniquity 

Hoph. ^^^ to be born; only 
verb. n. Hl'p.n (or riH^in) being 
born riJ/'IS-ri'H n-hr^ Qi'' the birth- 
day of Pharaoh Gen.40,20; di''| 
TiniX ni^n in the day thou wast 
born Ez.16,4. 

Hitlip. "Ij.Vli^ to declare one's 
birth or pedigree, to cause one- 
self to be enrolled in a family 
register Dnhspp h-J n^inW and 
they declared their pedigrees 
after their families Num. 1, 18 (for 
which later {yn\nn , see ''^W'X 

child, male child; of young ani- 
mals Is.11,7; D11.3.J. •'l'?: the chil- 
dren of strangers (i. e. foreigners) 
2,6; J?a*S-''l'7: children of trans- 
gression (1. e. transgressors) 57,4. 

n^T prop, female child, hence: 
maiden, girl Gen. 34,4; Zch.8,5. 

T\Tb''_ f- childhood, youth Ec.11,9; 

uT (.P^- 2^T^I) w- one born. 

T''^'' (c. Tipj) m. one born, child 

^."'i 1 i! a homeborn child (i. e. 
a domestic) Jer.2,14; pj^H ^^h) 
the children of Anak Num. 18,22, 




^2^ to wail, to lament (Kal not 
Hiph. S-'S^n (fut. S^^.V. for h^h\) ; 

imp. h':;n , pi. ^h^'^'':^) i) to waii 

''•'b'::«. i^iD-^y I wm wan for 
MoabJer.48,31; iS'^'pini nsp lament 
and wail 4,2 — 2) to howl, to 
sliout triumphantly ^'7'''7\n^. vStt'D 
their rulers howl Is. 52,5 [=i'7i^'isj. 
Hoph. '7^VT aoo. Stb. to be be- 
wailed i'7|in iih i"'rn'7inai and 

their maidens were not bewailed 
Ps.78,63 (but see under hhr^ 1.). 

^^"1 m- howling |it3''B>^. hb) howling 
of the wilderness Deut. 32, 10 
(poet, for the desert where wild 
beasts, howl). 

n'^t'l (c. nr'PD /"• wailing, lamenta- 
tion Zph.1,10; Zch.11,3, etc. 

py (same as VV?) prop, to swallow, 
to devour, hence: to utter rashly 

ip:iS cmj inNi trip ySi ms tJ^niD 

St is a snare to a man who 
swalloweth (i. e. speaks rashly) 
that which Is holy, and to lool£ 
after vows Pr.20,25. 

Fiy to stick, to cleave. 

nsy itching scab Lev.21,20. 

pt)^ to lick up, to eat off. 

py (prop, licker) a kind of locust 
1DD pJ.IS as the rough (hairy) 
locusts Jer.51,27 efy^l mB p.^.J the 
locust spreadeth itself out and 
fTieth away Nah.3,16. 

JOlp^'' (from tSjiP m. shepherd's 
bag IS.17,40. 

Q'' (c. n^ , before Makkeph Q^ ; sf. 

naj; ; pi. n^'?:) m. i; sea ap "jin 

the sand of the sea Gen.32,13; 
D^TO towards the sea IK.18,43; 
'7n|n nVl the great sea (the 
Mediterranean) Num.34,6, other- 
wise called jiinsn D^H the hinder 
(western) sea r)eut.ll,24; P|1D-D^ 
the sea of reeds (the Red Sea) 
Ex.15,4, otherwise called □''.'1V'?"D,!I 
Sea of Egypt Is.11,15; also of 
great lakes: D.pJS D^ the sea of 
Chinneroth (the sea of Galilee, 
or lake of Tiberias) Num.34,11; 
nj^an ty; the salt sea (the Dead 
Sea) Gen. 14,3, otherwise called 
nJiyn n; the_ sea of the desert 
Deut,3,17 or ''iai|?!l ff! the eastern 
sea Jo. 2,20; of a large river, as 
sf the Nile Is.18,2 audits branches 
Ez.32,2; of the Euphrates Is.27,1; 
by hyperbole of a large vase, 
hence: rig>njn Ct^ the sea of brass, 
i. e. the great laver in the court 
before Solomon's temple 2K.25, 
13.— PI. nV^: Gen.l,22i Lev.] 1,9, 
etc.; poet, often for the sing. C : 
Cai^in the sand of the sea Jb. 
6,3 (for DV! Sin); n^l?ie|in the 
coast of the sea Gen. 49,13 (f\'n 
dViy, D''!3iaS the heart (midst) 
of the sea Ps. 46, 3 (D^^-iS).— 
2) the west (the Mediterranean ly- 
ing west from Palestine) W ni"i 
the west wind Ex.10,19; D''"nXS 
the wesfside Ex.27,12; with n loc. 
n&! westward Gen.28,14, which 
means also to the sea Num.34,5. 



C Ch. sea N31 N*S2 the great sea 

C" m. only once pi. D^D^ Gen.36,24 

ace. the Vulgate: warm springs 
(from DV 2); ace. the Targ. and 
Samaritan code = D^D''^! , which 
see; others: mules. 

t'N'lD^ i""- «• son of Simeon Gen. 

46,10 =^ SkIDJ Num.26,12. 

nO'O^ pr- w. daughter of Job Jb. 

T ■ : 


i) the right, right side IK pD^ 
'jNm the right or the left Num. 
20,17 etc.; ppjO n;3n Plpl Sa on 
the side of the house from the 
right (i. e. on the right side of 
the house) IK.7,39; Tiyn |ia^. the 
right side of the city 2S.24,5; as 
adj. TP;]"';? the right eye IS.11,2; 
"PJ T or simply ]''P^ the right 
hand Jer.22,24; Cant.2,6; fig. might, 
strength irp; i^-ns;''a'in his right 
hand (i. e. his might) hath gotten 
him the victory Ps.98,1; hence Oi 
strengthening one: "'nplD.n'I^W 
ij''P''3 whose right hand I have 
holden Is.45,1; taiajj:-'?^ ''rO"'? i? 
because he is at my right hand, 
I shall not be moved Ps.16,8. — 
Y'D'^ seems also to signify: right 
place, proper place iJ''?''? DSn 37 
the heart of the wise man is at 
his right hand, i. e. in its proper 
place Ec.10,2.— 2) the south (it 
being to the right of the Semite 
whose face is turned to the east): 

I''P;i jiS^ north and south Ps.89, 
13; iil2''^in ]''P''a on the south of 
the desert 1S.23,19.— 3) pr. n. m. 

''J^D'' 1) g^nt. same as "'J''tJ''."I5 , see 
]''a;j3.— 2) Ktib Bz.4,6 a. 2Chr. 
3,17" for ■'JD'', which see. 

N7p^ pr. n. m. 2Chr.]8,7 a. 8. 

rbty' pr. n. m. IK.22,8 = K^p^l . 

'^bt2'' pr. n. TO. 

IC (akin to |DX) to be firm, whence 
PP^ (KcH not used). 

Siph. i^denom. from pp^) ]''P^^ a. 
]''pri 1) to turn to the right hand 
njDiKI '^'NDtS^n-DK if thou turn to 
the left hand, I will go to the 
right Gen. 13,9; S^p^nSl ^Qrh to 
turn to the right hand or to the 
left 2S.14,19; see also under |PK' .— 
2) to use the right hand; pt. pi. 
D"'J''P''D able to use the right 
hand lChr.12,2. 

p" Ch. see |PN . 

nJD' pr. n. 1) son of Asher Gen. 
46,17. — 2) another person 2Chr. 

^JO''. (f- rpJOp adj. right (not left) 
iJO'iri "Vmn the right pillar IK. 
7,2i; r\''yq'<^ n; jria the thumb 
of his right hand Lev.8,23; some- 
times T is understood: iy^Vi* 
n'^JD'^n his right finger, i. e. the 
finger of his right hand Lev.14,16. 

J?3D' pr. n. m. 




'Vy to alter {^Kal not used). 

Siph. *T'0''n 10 change Jer.2,11 
(=-- 'l''pn from *11D , which see). 

Hithp. "iSlnn to change oneself 
■with any one, to take one's place 
lisy^i? D'T.iJD? in their glory ye 
shall take their place Is. 61, 6 
(Bng. Bible: in their glory shall 
ye boast yourselves, taking, with 
many interpreters, "iBlOi? for 
"ItSKrin , from 1DN , which see). 

51>a'' (same as W'D) to touch (KcU 

not used). 
Hiph. 2'''P^n to let feel; imp. 

with sf. ''JB'P^n Ktib Jud. 16,26 let 

me feel, for which Kri '^i^'^pU , 

as if from B'la . 
*/Nr Bc.12,5 = {'.y , from Y^i , which 


nr (/■««• Hi^: , 2 pi. sf. dj^; ; pt. f. 

TT ■ 

nil'') to oppress, to destroy C^i 
nry let us destroy them together 
.■Ps.74,8; nJi'n "fV? the oppressing 
city Zph.3,1; nji»n i'1.0 the op- 
pressing (or destroying) sword 
Jer.46,16i also without 3"ir] : ]nn 
nii»n the wrath of the oppressing 
sword 25,38. 

Hiph. Hjin (3 pi IJin ; fut n.^i'' , 
3 pi. i:i'' ; i>i. pi. -M. D^ia ; wf- 
niin , «/■. Dipjin'?) to oppress, to 
maltreat VnKTltj' t:'\^ MStrh^ ye 
shall not oppress one another 
Lev.25,14; "DS t^:3iO"^^i: ■'fibSSp] 
Dnf3 and I will feed thy op- 
pressors with their own flesh Is. 

49,26; with |a : to force out by 
oppression DninKD DnijinV to 
force them out by oppressioE 
from their possession Ez,46,18. 
niy pr. n. a city on the borders of 
Ephraim and Manasseh 2K.15,29; 
with n he. nriV Jos, 16,6. 

TIT ' 

Q']T (Ktib D\J^) pr. n. a place in 
Judah Jos. 15,53. 

r^p'T f- sucker, sprout Ez. 17.4 
(=■ pjli 2 a. n g. J. i ■• , which see). 

p}'' ifv-t. pr! ; pt^ P.;i'') to suck the 
mother's breast Jb.3,12; Cant.8,1; 
hence: to drink Jb.20,16i fig. to 
receive ipr: B''D1 ySf ''? for they 
shall suck (i. e. receive) the 
abundance of the seas Deut.33,19. 
Biph. ^^y^n {fut. piy.! or p^V. , 

f. p''j''n or prri, ap. prw) to 

give suck, to nurse "HX t]| pj'^ril 
1./t? that she may nurse the child 
for thee Ex.2,7; H^S-nN pj^ni and 
she gave her son suck IS.1,23; 
■fig. J^SgO ^y\ ^np^and he made 
him to suck honey out of the 
rock Deut.32,13; pt. f. ni^.J/ig 
nurse Gen.35,8; sf. inpra,2; 
pi. n1p"';''t? Is.49,23; of milch ani- 
mals Gen.32,16. 

tlilK-'r a. tl^r m. kind of a bird 
(ace. Targ. and Kimchi: night- 
owl, from fj^J ; ace. Septuagint 
and Vulgate: ibis) Deut.14,16; Is. 

IC (fut. ns: for ID".; inf. •^D^ 
with h: niD'>'? 2Chr.31,7) 1) to 
establish, to found, to set 'IDJ 




n'';i31?-'?y ^1^ who hath founded 
the earth upon her bases Ps. 
104,5; niD''. {'^N hv mm he hath 
founded his Lcelestiall vault over 
the earth Am.9,6; Dn^SDa ^''Fl•VQ^^ 
and I will set thee with sapphires 
Is.54,11. — 2) to appoint, to assign 
DD'J ?1D; nj DipD-Sx unto the 
place that thou hast appointed 
for them Ps.l04,8i D"V'7 mo^ lltS'K 
Assyria appointed it for dwellers 
tn the desert ■ Is. 23, 13 (Ges.); 
^^151 D''?^n7 for chastisement ha^t 
thou appointed him Hab.1,12. 

Niph. noiJ {fut. IDVl ; inf. IDp) 
1) to be founded, established; inf. 
with sf. nipp its being founded 
Ex.9,18; imp. IDIfl thou shalt be 
founded Is.44,28.— 2) to sit in 
counsel, to take counsel D'^Jtill 
nn^"ni?i-J and the rulers take 
counsel together Ps.2,2; D1Dl~3 
'!2^ 101 while they took counsel 
together against me 31,14. 

Fi. IB) {fut. IQl) ; inf 10^) 1) to 
found, to lay a foundation ''Jjn 
|5.S' ]1»y? ID'' I lay in Zion for' a 
foundation a stone Is. 28,16; "l&h 
n^.3n to lay the foundation of 
the house IK.5,3; ninpll il"^?^ 
with his flrst-born shall he lay 
its foundation Jos. 6,26.— 2) to 
appoint, to ordain TlSjsn '^Q\ |5-\^ 
for so the king had appointed 

Bst.1,8; nxin '?Niott>i •iimD\ii3n 

□nJIDi^a they were those whom 
David and Samuel the seer did 
ordain in their trust lChr.9,22. 

Pu. 1D;i (pt. ne^P) to be founded 
;i n''3 ng.^ the foundation of the 
house of the Lord was laid IK. 
6,37; niip;. D^JiN nD^l?1 and the 
foundation was of costly stones 
7,10; with hv ; tfi-iJlN-SiJ nnD'-D 
founded (set) upon sockets of 
fine gold Cant.5,15. 

Hoph. ID^n (pi IpID ; verb. n. 
IDH) to be founded, established 

D^Ci''.^ this is the foundation of 
Solomon for the building of the 
house of God 2Chr.3,3 (Bug. Bible: 
these are the things wherein 
Solomon was instructed for the 
building etc.); ;i n''a IDin hv be- 
cause of the laying of the founda- 
tion of the house of the Ldra 
Bzr.3,11; IDID IDia a foundation 
founded, i. e. a sure foundation 
Is.28,16 (the 1st is a nnun, the 
2nd is a pt with an irregular 

^Ci\ m. prop, foundation, hence: 
beginning, commencement tp) 
''51'? 'lijy^n the commencement 
of the expedition from Babylon 

TiD''. isf iiio; , oniD: ; pi. Dnio: ; 
sf. nn;D^;iJi. aisonilD:,s/'.n'-oilD:) 

m. ground, foundation Lev.4,7; 
Mic.1,6; Lam.4,11; fig. liDI p-i^V 
DJij; the righteous is an everlast- 
ing fouodation Pr.10,25.— "|1;B> 
liD^n tbe name of a gate of the 
Palace 2Chr.23,5 = 11D IWB* 2K. 

m^D' 249 

ill^^\ f. foundation; only with sf. 
irrilD^. Ps.87,1. 

"l^D'' w. one who departs; only pi. 
sf. Ktib Jer.17,13 iniD^ they who 
depart from me {Kri ''^IDI). 

^'iQ\ m. reprover, blamer Dl? 4"in 
'\'\Q\ ^'^B* shall the reprover con- 
tend with the Almighty? Jb.40,2. 

?|D^ (= ^5^ ; M- ^5'':) to pour, to 
be poured t]D''J nS it shall not 
be poured Ex.30,32. 

n^Dlpr. n. sister of Lot Gen.11,29. 
i|n''iDD'' pr. n. m. 

it; - : • 

tpl {^ le;-, pt. eiDii Is.29,14 a. 38,5; 
for fut. the Siph. form f)''Di'' is 
used) 1) to add (with hv) ep^) 
vhv ijT'U'an and he shall add 
the fifth part thereof unto it Lev. 
22,14; '?1^9;-':'y flC?i'' ''WD I will 
add unto thy days Is.38,5; mean • 
ing sometimes intensified by lij/! 

cny B*'?'^ nij; 7\h risp;i then shait 

thou add for thee three cities more 
Deut.19,9; '\0. r\^>mn-hv MCP 
inJJBU* thou exceedest (i. e. hast 
added to) the fame that I heard 
2Chr.9,6; ^'fp ...nsp;] and [the 
remnant of Judah] shall add... 
roots Is.37,31 (but see 5).— 2) to 
add to do anything 7ip ../''. "1|T 
egi iib) b'lli the Lord spoke... with 
a great voice, and he added no 
more Deut.5,19; IBD; kS) 1«|J0M 
they prop'iesied, but they did so 
no more Num.11,25 (Eng. Bible: 
and did not cease).— 3) before 


other verbs as adv.: more, again 
3W nSp^^'N'? she returned not 
again Gen. 8,12; with omission of 
a verb: E*nti* ...nSpM and [the 
remnant of Judah] shall again 
take root Is.37,31 (= fli^nS nSD''1 

Nipb. eiDiJ (pt. ^101 J) to be 
added, to be increased f]DiJ llj/l 
CiD ;.?(I and there were added be- 
sides unto them Jer.36,32; B*^ 
f'tV n?"!^! IjfSp there is a man that 
scattereth, and yet [his wealth] 
is increased Pr.11,24; pt. f. pi. 
riiSDij additions (i. e. new calami- 
ties) ls.15,9. 

Hiph. fj-'Din , ej'ipn (fut. fjipii , 
ei''p\ eiDi\ ap. eiDi\ tlpip, flp'J ; 
2 tl''pin , «!''??) , fpFt , a;), f] Q-n , 
eipinj, tipm, once flpin Pr.30,6; 
2'pl. once jlSpNnEx.5',7' for JlS^pin) 
i; to add, to give more inB'''Dn-n{<5 
T'^y eipV and he shall add the 
fifth part of it thereto Lev.5,16; 

ij^D j;5J0 »h) Yhv fp'n-tih thou 

Shalt neither aUd thereto nor 
diminish therefrom Deut.13,1; "HD 

nn?"! ]itr^ tjS e|ipi-na^ rj^ |n; ace. 

Ges.: what giveth to thee and 
what giveth more to thee thy 
false tongue? (i. e. what doth 
thy false tongue profit thee ?) 
Ps.120,3 (others; what will he, 
i. e. God, give unto thee? or what 
will he add unto thee, thou tongue 
of deceit?). — 2) to increase, to 
multiply f\h.^. D.p| Dp'^Sy. tlpi'' ...;: 
D'^C^S the Lord .. make you a 
thousand times so many as ye 




are Deut.1,11; ip."':'|"riH V. ^151':! 
r\:ptih Oi'«S and 'the Lord in- 
creased twofold all that Job had 
jb.42,10;n\:piJtn-'7X fflDirn and she 
increased her whoredoms Ez.23, 
14; D'^'n nW r\h 1S''i?i'' the years 
of thy life shall be increased 
unto thee Pr.9,11; D5^ ei''pin^ 
int<13ri that It may increase unto 
you its productiveness Lev.l9, 
25. — 3) to continue, to do more, 
to do again, to do further (with 
another verb) Nlton^ f|D*J and he 
continued to sin (he sinned yet 
more) Ex.9,34i vhp f]B'J and again 
he sent forth Gen.8,10; r|''Dii<n 
mnhlS'Z n^.^^ shall I go up again 
to"^ battle jud.20,23; DipS e]''pi''-NS 
he shall rise up no more Ps.4:0,9; 
sometimes with omission of the ; 
other verb: ei''Dh xSl NJn rtS IV ^ 
[i<2b] hitherto shalt thou come, I 
but no further [shalt thou comel 

jb.38,11; riji D'^riTS ^b'np! lis I 

fj^pi'' may God do to thee thus, i 
and continue to do so IS. 3,17; > 
sometimes with a finite verb : 
instead of inf.: nnni:! ni^ ei^piN Hh 
I will no more have mercy upon 
Hos.1,6; ?l^"1«'li^''. "'S''Din Hi thou 
shalt no more be called (or: men 
shall never more call thee) Is. 

SID'' Ch. to add— Hoph. f\D)r\ to be 
added Dan.4,33. 

ID'' (akin to IDK ; fut. iDJ , 1 s. sf. 

-T , 

D|1DK ; pt. ID'') prop, to bind, to 
restrain, hence: to chastise, to 

reprove, to correct D.'IDXI ^01^? 
in my desire I chastise them 
Hos.10,10; php^'th npi'P ^h 1& he 
that reproveth a scorner getteth 
to himself shame Pr.9,17; Ipin 
n^^i'' iihri nV^ he that chastiseth 
nations, shall he not correct? 

Niph. IDiJ (fut "Ipl^. ; inf IplH) 
to be chastised, instructed, cor- 
rected njy 1^l\-^h Dnjna a serv- 
ant will not be corrected by words 

Pr.29,19; ''fpi ypn ]s n'?^!"!''. npn 

Tjap be thou instructed, Jeru- 
salem, lest my soul depart from 
thee Jer.6,8. 

Pi. IQ) {fut. npi: ; pt. I&J?) 1) 
to bind, to strengthen ^riplCl ^ni.p'. 
DriJ^i"); I have bound and strength- 
ened their arms Hos.7,15. — 2) to 
chastise, to punish, to correct, 
to instruct, to warn DDilK HpJ ''^IN 

n'li'ipiJa □^i■^^J igit* "ijni n''Kji{2^3 

my father hath chastised you with 
whips, but I will chastise you 
with thorns IK.12,11; £S-3ti*12S inEM 
1-1511 liribK his God doth instruct 
him according to the right, and 
doth teach him Is.28,26; ni':''.'?-eiK 
ini"!^? Wpl also by night ray 
reins instruct (warn) me Ps.16,7. 

mph. nipin (fut. I^p.-^) to chas- 
tise, to correct DnnsjS vbs*?DTP!!d 
I will chastise (correct) them, 
as it hath been anounced to their 
congregation Hos.7,12. 

Mthp. IpiJ to be warned, in- 
structed n''!2^|n-'?3 npi:! and all 
women may be warned Ez. 28,48. 




y m. = ny , which se°. 

Y^l'D^ pr. M. a person mentioned in 
lChr.4,9.— 2) r city in Judah 

nr'" {fut. IT)) 1) to appoint, to 
fix inr; y^^, nwiffin the set time 
which he had appointed him 2S. 
20,5; nnr"'. □£' there hath he ap- 
pointed it Jer.47,7. — 2) to fix 
upon as a wife, to betroth DX] 
mny" iJ^S and if he have be- 
trothed her to his son Ex. 21, 9. 

Niph. nyij (fut. ^)lf, ; pt. 'la'.J) 
1) to agree, to make an appoint- 
ment Ki^ l^rV! n 1? VJ thev had 
made an appointment together 
to come Jb.2,11. — 2) to come to- 
gether, to gather together nsjiJI 
nn.Vn"'?! "T^h^, all the congrega- 
tion shall gather themselves unto 
thee Num.10,3; vSlT DnuUn that 
were gathered unto him IK.8,5. — 
3) to conspire, with hv against 
Num.14,35; 27,3. 

Hiph. T'lrin (fut. T'!?^'') to ap- 
point a place or time, to cite 
before a court, to arraign "DN] 
''jn;:?!'' id tSSa'pS and if justice, 
who will cite him for me to ap- 
pear? Jb.9i.I.9; ^5-!.\y'' ^a^ ViM 'P '? 
who is like me ? and who will 
arraign me? Jer.4:9,19 a. 50,44. 

Bop/i. Ti\r\ ipt. nriD) to be 
fixed, set, directed CJSIO ''?<?^ 
V ^13 ijaS D''ll?1D baskets of flgs 
set before the temple of the Lord 
.Ier.24,1; rinrt^ r\)?^ nJS witherso- 

ever thy face is set (directed) 
111?^ {S:ttb "'n;?.':) pr. «. see IIW . 

ilJ?^ to snatch or sweep away Hi'ill 
3t3 nona n"i:i and the hail shall 
sweep away the refuge of lies 

ni?' (.frpm nV) m. shovel for the 
removing of ashes; only pi. CIT 
Ex.38,3; Num.4,14; IK.7,40, etc.; 
sf. VIJ; Ex.27,3. 

^Xiy a. hi<^V) P^- '»• -f ^ prince 
of the Reubenites lChr.5,7. - 2} 
the founder of Gibeoii lChr.9,35.— 
3) a military officer of David 
lChr.11,44.— i) a scribe of king 
Uzziah 2Chr. 26, II and othei 

t*i)y^ pr. M. m. 

•niiy mO) for y<T^ , which see. 

anlj?' -S'fe'6 Bz.34,25 for D''ny^ woods, 

tyW'' pr. n. a son of Esau Gen. 36, 
18, for which KtJh. tl*''!?^. in verses 
5 a. 14. 

^2?^ (=.ny) to be hard, impudent 
(Kal not used).— Niph. pt. t^iJ CV 
a fle-ce (impudent) people Is. 33, 
19 (ace. Rashi = t.yi':' O'i Ps.ll4,] 
a people of a strange language, 
a foreign people). 

bii'^lV pr. n. m. lChr.l5,18 = '^N'^IP 
V. 20. 

IT- -; - 

TiTI?'' a. 1.!S^ pr. n. a city of th« 
Amorites Num.32,1, which was 




allotted to the tribe of Gad v. 35, 
and later belonged to Moab Is. 
BS?'' (= n^r) to cover, to clothe 
ipy'< r\pi^ h^HD he hath clothed 

" T T ; ITT : " ; 

me with the robe of righteous- 
ness Is.61,10. 

122?''_ Ch. (= Heb. YV^) to counsel; 
pi. i:?;; counsellor, pi. sf. \nits.i?^ 
Ezr.7,14 a. 15.— Ithp. M^W to 
consult together Dan.6,8. 

b^'"S\ see h^r:}\ . 

Tr' pr. n. m. lChr.20,5 (Ktib ll!!^^), 
in the parallel passage 28.21,19 
n''J1> ^5?: (ace. Qes. D^JIX is 
probably repeatedfroni the follow- 
ing D''J1i< TiJD by an error of 

^S?> (= nh-J) 1) to ascend.— 2) to 
be high, to have worth, to be of 
value (Kal not used). 

Siph. '^''Vin (fnt. '?"'ri"i) 1) to be 
of value, to be of use, to profit, 
to help, to assist nnViX l'?7i^-NS 
J'^'T treasures of wickedness profit 
nothing Pr.10,2; iSiJ?'' wS they 
help forward my downfall Jb.30, 

13; loSn ■h)iy^-vh nn« they go 

atter those that profit nothing 
(i. e. after idols) Jer.2,8; with sf. 
'r\^^)SV' Is.57,12.— 2) to have or 
receive profit ''ONDna b'^m HD ■ 
what More profit shall I have, 
than if I had sinned? Jb.35,3 
(Eng Bible: what profit shall I 

have, if I be cleansed from my 
sin?); '\TVm ^5 '7''5Jii)-nD1 and 
what profit should we have, if 
we pray unto him? 21,15. 

^r' I. ipl. ^"^T. , c. \'7S?:) m. wild 


goat, ibex, chamois Ps.104,18; Jb. 
39,1; Dibrjn "^^yi the rocks of the 
wild goats 18.24.,?. 

7S?'' II- W- »*■■ i) a judge in Israel 
before the age of Deborah Jud. 
5,6.— 2) the wife of Heber the 
Keuite Jud.4,17. 

i>hV see n^l?: 2. 

n^?l (/■- cf ^'Si I-) 1) a wild she- 
goat, female ibex; fig. of a lovely 
woman ]n n7ir the graceful 
ibex Pr.5,i9.— 2)pr. n. m. Ezr.3,56 
= «^5?: Neh.7,58. 

u?V^ pr. n. a son of Esau Gen. 36,5. 

T-; — 

jy (= njp 1) to raise a cry, to 
howl, hence \ Ti^V.l-— 2) to 
call back, to answer, to respond, 
whence | JJ^ . 

]1?^ 1) prep, because of, on account 
0' (with a noun) TlJnijyin-Sl ]2l 
because of all thine abominations 
Ez.5,9; ^i1\3 |S?1 ...nig ]??: because 
of what?... because of mine housa 
Hag.1,9.— 2) conj. because Ig» 
•iriiK ^n5B> because thou hast 
forgotten me Bz.23,35; ?]nD3 ♦SJl 
^!?5?9? because thou hast trusted 
(prop, because of thy trusting) 
in thy works Jer.48,7; I^K ]V1 
because that, because Gen.22,16 
etc.; ''5 JIT becaue Is.3,16; some- 



times doubled for emphasis; \V^ 
]U:3 Bz.36,3 or ]??:ai |JJ2 Lev.26, 
43 because, even because. 

W'' m. prop, howler, hence: ostrich; 
only pi. n^iP.) Jer.4,3. 

mS* f- prop, howl, hence: njgl D2 
female ostrich Lev.11,16; pi. riiJ3 
r\iV.l Mic.1,8. 

'<yi}^ pr. n. m. 

t]S;i I. (fut. f\T. a. f\t') , 3 i)Z. 1S|?1, 
^ ISj^i a. lEi^y^l) i^ to weary one- 
self, to be faint, to exert oneself 
lyJi: Q^":!?^ ISy.l even the youths 
shall be faint and be weary Is. 
40,30; IBVi. p''T''t!? they shall 
weary themselves in vain Hab. 
2,13; \fT'\ kS n''e*Q5P h^ all they 
that seek her will not weary 
themselves Jer.2,24. 

p]j;> II. (= tjiy) to fly; only Hoph. 
pt. «l^a being caused to fly Dan. 
9,21. See also under ^1^^ . 

6]!?'' m. flight flU^3 e]^p being caused 
to fly swiftly Dan.9,21. 

eir'' (from eisr I.; pi. Q-ifirp adj. 
wearied, faint 28.16,2; Jud,8,15. 

yvi (= pv ; M- n''. ; i'*- f ^'.^^ ^ fr - 

|)I. D''V??.i'' ; pt- P- f^lJ^) -^^ to make 
firm, "to fasten V'?^ ^'.;V '■'?5?''i< 
I will fasten mine eyes upon thee 
Ps.32,8 (Bng. Bible: I will guide 
thee with mine eye).— 2) to 
counsel, to advise HVSJ W ?lX?iK 
let me give thee counsel IK.1,12; 
iJVjJ"; "iW, who hath given me 
CouDsei Ps.16,7; pt. ^Vy coun- 


seller 2K.15,12; l5.9,5; f. nV.^I'' , 
sf. inV??^'' his counsellor, adviser 
2Chr.22,3.— 3) to take counsel, 
to decide, with hv or h^,: fy; 
nV'J niK Tl\'jy Syria hath taken 
evil counsel against thee (or; hath 
decided evil against thee) Is. 7,5; 
Qiir'^S Y'U\ 11^*K ^I'riVSf the coun- 
sel of the Lord, that he hath 
taken against Edom J6r.49,20. — 
4) to devise {'y^niST NIH he de viseth 
wicked devices Is.32,7. 

Niph. {'yij ifut. fyr ; pt. f rij) 
1) to consult with one another, 
to take counsel {*5?iJ ''DTlS with 
whom took he counsel ? Is.40,14; 
in^ DV Y^-P- ^^ tooli counsel 
with his princes 3Chr.32,3; npii 
TirP let us take counsel together 
Neh.6,7. — 2) to advise, to con- 
sult together D''V^^J tiM TS liow 
do ye advise IK. 12,6; ijOliSlXgiJ 
they have consulted together with 
one heart Ps.83,6. 

mthp. {*r;nn (/%*. j*;?;;!:) to 

consult together T]''J^SV-'73; '^'iV.)/)\) 
they have consulted against those 
thou protectest Ps.83,4. 

3pl?'' pr. n. son of Isaac, after- 
wards named h»'W\ Gen.25,26; 
32,29, founder of the Israelitish 

nibr^.i"'- '«'■ m. lChr.4,36. 

Ip!?'' i""- w. an Bdomite chief IChr. 
U2 = ;gy. Gen.36,27; \ p^a 1 V.l 
a place in the wilderness Num. 



1'Dl v li^i; sf. ii2^:; pi. nnrp i) 

forest, wood ISJ^'^X?? trees of the 
wood Ps.96,12; "llJ^'irT'n beasts of 
the forest (wild beasts) 50, 10; 
with n he. n "1.57.111 to the wood 
Jer.17,15.— 2) honey-comb ^n'p2^ 
'tl'^TSl? ns?: I have eaten 'my 
hoiiey-comb with my honey 
Cant.5,1 (comp. Tiy.I).— 3) nilf^ 
□t>ij;^pj._ „_ ^^ gjjy on the boundary 
of Judah and Benjamin Jos. 9, 17 
= D'' ".y iT-ip Ezr.2,25 = nhl}2 , 
which see. 

'"T]??! ^'^- ^'^4- ' P^- '""^"^VP V forest, 
wood riny; 'pU!! and maketh 
bare forests Ps.29,9.— 8) comb 
ti'^l riiyi honey-comb IS.14,27 

mr'' ;»■• n. m. ichr.9,42 = mrin"" 

'"12?'' W- **■ see I^IJ'' . 

'B-*!?;^ (Ktih i t5> I!.2j ^r. n. Bzr.10,36. 

n'''i£'' i'>'. w. w. 

ns.j (2 f. n''?; ; fut. ng'-: , op. f\^^:) 

prop, to shine, hence; to be fair, 

beautiful nprrnDi ni£?j-na how 

fair and how pleasant ait thou 

Cant.7,7; iS^J^ fj^Aand it was 

beautiful in its greatness Ez.31,7. 

Pi. ns^. to beautify, to deck 

(with ij ingi': ^n^?^ n?9? ''isy 

deck it with silver and with 
gold Jer.10,4. 

Pm. rediipl. ilS^S^ to be very 
fair, beautiful DIK ■'JSK i5''S;s; 
thou art much fairer than the 
children of men Ps.45,3. 

Hithp. ngirin to make oneself 
fair, to adorn oneself ''S^rin ^'^ti'^ 
in vain shalt thou make thyself 
fair Jer.4,30. 

c. niSt a. ri£l) adj. fair, hand- 
some, 'beautiful ri-!r[-ik'-> nlb^asDi 
IND 'j^nS b.snti*^ h^2 nD*"'i"'N'an'a 
like Absalom there was no man 
so exceedingly handsome in all 
Israel 28.14,25; Tl^WT ns> ih^ithoM 
art all fair, my love Catit.4,7; 
HNni? nsn. "If^n-nS^ of handsome 
form and hajidsome appearance 
Gen.29,17; n)^'^, ns; having hand- 
some eyes IS.16,12; '^ip HS^ one 
that hath a pleasant voice Kz. 
83,32.— 2) good, suitable, fitting 
iny^ n.S^ good In its proper time 
Ec.3,11; StoKS. ng; lU'N that it is 
fitting to eat 5,17. 

(TSTIfil (prop. n^SS^ , redupl. of 
ns^) adj. f. very beautiful Jer. 

1S^ pr. n. Joppa, a maritime city 
on the Mediterranean, now called 
Yafa Jos.19,46 = NiS^^ Ezr.3,7. 

nS'' (akin to nSj) to breathe heavily; 
only mthp. ns^nn to pant, to 
sigh Jer.4,31. 

nS' (c. D?.^) ad;', breathing DSn nsn 
and such as are breathing vio- 
lence Ps.27,l2. 



'r'^\ ('^ ''?'l ' "• ''91 . «/• ^1?;, ''"'S;) w- 

beauty splendor ^O^PH ''B^. the 
beauty of thy wisdom Bz.28,7; 
^:.?; ^^?D 'i^!?\] the king shall 
greatly desire thy beauty Ps.45, 
12; i^?;? Tj'r.Ci the king in his 
splendor Is.33,17. 

S;"'S'' pr. n. 1) a son of David 2S. 

- I*T 

5,15.— 2) a king mentioned in 
Jos. 10,3. — 3) a place in Zebulun 

i37£' pr. n. m. 

nilS'' pr. n. 1) father of Caleb Num. 
13,6.— 2) another person IChr. 

yS'" I. to shine, to glitter {Kal not 

Hiph. r^Bin {fid. Tf-"' , ap. ^B"'') 
1) tr. to cause to shine, to shed 
light iJJl? 1i« SJ^Bini and he caused 
the light of his cloud tu shine 

jb.37,15; ni?Bin Q^'j^i n'iv-hv^ 

and that thou shouldst shed light 
upon the counsel of the wicked 
10,3.- 2) Mr. to shine J^B^fl '7S?1 
nnnj vSr neither let the light 
shine upon it Jb.3,4; f,g. of God: 
|1N2 nnp yiJin he shone forth 
from mount Paran Deut.33,2. 
J^S'' II. ace. Fuerst: to envelop, to 
veil (Kal not used). 

Hiph. T'p'in. (fut. ap. ^B'') to 
veil bgN-i03 VSm and it veils 
like darkness Jb.10,22. 
nyS'' /"• brightness, splendor Ez. 


r\Si1pr. n. Japheth, son of Noah 
Gen. 6,10 (from flriS , which see). 
In the genealogical table Gen. 10, 
2 — 5 rig.^ appears as the pro- 
genitor of the peoples north and 
west of Palestine. Others regard 
the above derivation of the name 
merely as an assonance and de- 
rive A§lJ from riB^ denoting the 
white-colored race (the Arians) 
distinguished for its beauty. 

nn£^_ pr. n. 1) judge of Israel Jud. 
11,1. — 2) a place in Judah Jos. 

^X~nriS'' pr. n. a valley on the 
borders of Asher and Zebulun 

NX'' {fut. KV.t; pt. NViV K5t\ vl. 

□"iKVi^ c. ''S'Vi\ /"• 'li^Si', pi- 
niiSVi^ ; imp. vk. , ^ nxS Jud. 9,29, 
pi. ^NV; f. •'XV, fl. nj'',^?; inf Xr , 
nXV ,'«/"• ''O**!?) to go out, to go 
forth (with ]P from a place) INV^ 
'"I^iilQ"]!? they went forth out of 
the ark Gen 8,19; with accus.: IXV^ 
T'SJn'n^ the were gone out of 
the city 44,4, sf. •'JXr '':| my 
children are gone forth of me 
Jer. 10,20; 1''??? W' those going 
out of the city Gen 32,20; D''V?B1 
niJA nf X n:N^n ye shall go out 
through beaches, every one 
through that before her Am. 4,3; 
of the celestial luminaries: to 
appear, to rise H-^'T'^?? ^'^^^^P.f 
the sun was risen upon the earth 
Gen.19,23; D''a93n nX.V ly till 
the stars appeared Neh. 4. lb; 


25fi N^i" 


f.g. to come forth, to escape Nl^ 

o'^rriN N'V^ D''rfSK he that feareth 
T '. v •••• ' v: 

God shall come forth (escape) 

from them all Ec.7,18; ]T\T<'> n^^JJ 

IKX^ ns?ni h\m^ Saul and Jonathan 
TT T T : T : 

were taken, but the people escaped 
IS.14,41; of a decision: NV; ^i.D 
l^^n the thing proceedeth from 
thVLord Gen.24,50; DO"?? ^y^ K.V;. 
let there go forth a royal order 
Est. 1,19; of a lot: ''JS'n "^niJin KVn 
pj^DB*7 and the second lot came 
forth to Simeon Jos. 19,1; of plants: 
£,0 grow, t.o spring forth iiTN'H 
'ri53 NVii IB'N. the hyssop that 
upringeth out of the wall 1K.5, 
13; of money: to be laid out 

(with '7??) n^an-'^sj xr i^k VdS^ 

Hi^tn? and for all that was laid 
out for the house to repair it 
2K.12,13; of time: to expire, to 
Dome to an end T\yWT\ nN5f3 at 
the expiring (i. e. at the end) of 
the year Ex.23,16; hence of the 
destruction of a state: ^/H'?'?] 
Jjn.N^fD .,.D"i;«n the isles... shall 
be troubled at thy end Bz. 26,18; 
fig. of the heart or soul: to fail 
D3^ i< V n and their heart failed 
them Gen.42,28i il^l^ HS'V; "'tt'?J 
my soul failed when he spoke 

pi. «'>ViD, once NViD Ps.135,7; 
imp. «Xin, once N^iViH Is.43,8) 
prop, to cause to go out or go 
forth, hence. 1) to bring forth 
nymn inw «Xi'_1 and he brought 
him forth abroad Gen. 15, 5. — 

2) of things: to carry forth "X7I 

T : V "T • T — • 

neither carry forth a burden out 
of your houses on the Sabbath 
day Jer,17,22. — 3) to take out 
riNVi"! ip''n? in; « 5;i and he put 
his hand into his bosom and he 
took it out Bx.4,7. — 4) to bring 
out (from prison), to set free 
"TipX IJpSD S'^VinS to bring out 
the prisoner from the prison Is^ 
42,7; "'^•'.iND \SiViO that bringeth 
me forth, i. e. delivereth me, 
from mine enemies 28.22,49, — 
5) to put away, to send away 
nit'J h^ N'^Vin^ to pat away all 
the wives Ezr.10,3.— 6) to utter, 
to report "h D''K'<ViD 1VT n^T they 
reported my words to him Neh. 
6,19; hence: to spread D'lT »'''i\n 
J^'l he hath spread an evil name 
Deut.22,19.— 7) to bring forth, 
to let grow H-??"!'? ^^h '^"'Vi^b 
that they may bring forth bread 
out of the earth Ps.104,14 S'V'J 
nig and brought forth buds Num. 
17,23; of mechanical production: 
^n'^5?D^'''7?K''Vi01and that bringeth 
forth an instrument for his work 
Is.54,16. — 8) to exact, hence with 
7?? to impose as a tribute t<X''J 
''^i'l^r'^?? ^QIOTliJ DnjD and Men- 
ahem exacted the money of 
Israel (i. e. imposed a tribute 
on them) 2K.15,20. 

Eoiph. NYn to be brought forth, 
to be led out nNW n''S?>D S'%ni 
it is brought forth out of the 
nations Ez.38,8; pt. f. flKX^O K\'J 




she was brought forth Gen.38,25. 
HT Ch. to go out {Eal not used).— 

Shaphel HV^ to bring to an end, 

to finish HJ"! nn^3 t<^Vyf) and he 

finished this house Bzr.6,15. 
2JT to set, to put, to place =iXJ, 

from which Niph., Hiph. and Hoph. 

are formed. 
HUhp. a?flon (fut ajfin^ , f. once 

avnn for iljfion Ex. '2, 4; zmp. 

1^ naVlOO) i; to' place oneself, to 

stand nnn tTiinna min;i and 

they stood at the nether part of 
the mount Ex. 19,7; with \4?7 or 
7?? ; to stand before, to present 
oneself ajflfll D^?'?!? V.sS he shall 
stand before kings Pr. 22, 29; 
l\-h'4 aSlOri'? to present them- 
«elves before the Lord Jb.1,6.— 
S) to take a stand, to stand firm, 
Dli D''y|1K nTJ?)! and he took his 
stand (for combat) forty days 
IS.17,16; with 057 : to withstand, 
to stand up against 7\'QV \''ii] 
i-?lOT'? none is able to withstand 
thee'2Chr.20,6i \SyS-Qlf '''p yilO\ ''^ 
]1.N who will stand for me against 
the workers of iniquity Ps.94,16. 
3^5' to stand (Kal not used). 

'^ Hiph. J!''2fn (fut. rr , Jssfii; pt. 

i'^SD; imp. pi. ^''^Vn i inf. J5fn) 
1) to put, to place (a person or 
a thing) Jud.7,5; 6,37; with \J?^ : 
to present before Gen 47,2.— 5; to 
set down as, to make h^^l^h "'JJ''Vn) 
D''Sy he hath made me a byword 
of the people Jb.17,6; '''?| ''jX^'irf 
pn he hath set me down as an 

empty vessel J»r.51,34. — 3) to 
establish DSti'D 1'4^2 U^Sni and 
establish judgment in the gate 

Soph. J^n to be left, to remain 
J?.) D.?'?p'?'l QSJNV pi only your 
flocks and your herds shall re- 
main Ex. 10,24. 

inV (from inV) m. 1) oil Jo.1,10; 
"inV. ^ijG the best of the oil Num. 
18,i2; inv: n\r. oil olive 2K.18,32; 
poet. "inV!0 v.? those anointed with 
oil Zch!4,]4.- 2) pr. n. father of 
Korah Num.l6,li pair. '''iriV: 3,27. 

ri'S'' (from jrV ; sf. "iriV'; «i c. i^lXi , 
-IT '^ • ■■ : 

sf. ''y^V^J w. ij prop, a spreading, 
hence: bed, couch Gen.49,4; fig. 
of the grave Jb.17,13.— 2) Ktib 
IK.6,5 for JJ''r! , which see. 

'nfi'i'' pr. n. Isaac, son of Abraham 
I T : • 

by Sarah Gen.21,3 etc.; = pnB>'. 
Ps.105,9; Jer.33,26; Am.7,9 a. i6 
(in Amos it stands for the whole 
nation of Israel). 

K''^'' {pl- c. ^»'^T^ m. one who is 
come forth, descended Vra \NiV!: 
they that came forth of his own 
bowels (i. e. his descendants) 
2Chr.32,21. j 

^1^2 Ch. (def. ^y^T- ; f- ^y"il) adji 
true, faithful Kn^D iiy"r the thing 
is true Dan. 6,13; as a n.: truth' 
nSO nv.?^. N5''2f!l I asked him the 
truth 7,16; as adv.: N^'iP certainly, 
surely 3,24 = ^^^friP 2,8. 

i}''V (from J^Vn m. (/". iK.6,6) prop 




spreading, hence: floor, story IK. 
6,6 a. 10. 
y^^ to spread (Kal not used). 

Siph. y^.Vi? to spread out, to 
make as a bed ^|n SiKa> ri'i'"ii<) 
if I make my bed in hell, be- 
hold, thou art there Ps.139,8. 

Hoph. Vir^ {fut. V'iT) to be spread 
out, to become a bed V^) Tj''r]nr! 
nST the worm is spread under 
thee Is.14,11; n''3lS V'^pgKI pb> 
sackcloth with ashes became the 
bed of many Est.4,3. 

p^; {fut. pk: , pi. \pT. ; M- H- P^: , 
ap. pv. >;;,(. p. pir;,i)i. u'^^n\pi.f. 

nipX; i imp. pv: , pV ; inf. ' ]Ti\ , 
■H 1^. V) ij to pour, to pour out 
Ez.24,3; 2K 4,41; fig. Sri*:^ liT 
13 piS^ a wicked deed is poured 
out upon him (i. e. aco. Ges.: the 
wrath of God is poured upon him 
on account of his wickedness); 
intr. to be poured out, to run 
out nasn-Dl p^S'.l and the blood 
of the wound ran out IK.22.35.— 
2) to melt, to cast (metal) pS*1 
ant riyita VVi^ "h and he cast 
for it four rings of gold Ex.37, 3; 
intr. to be molten, to flow to- 
gether, to thicken, to harden 
PV113'7 "lESlf npV3 when the dust 
thickens into a hard mass Jb. 
38,38; pt. pir hard, firm pw; 13^ 
|3^^"^D^ his heart is as firm as 
a stone 41,16. 

Pi p5f^ to pour out;i)t./'.np.yi!? 
2K.4,5 (Ktib). 

'Riph. p^Vri to pour out; only 

pt. f. np.'^iD N''ni and she poured 
out 2K.4,5 (JfW).' 

Roph. p^^n (flit, pvr , pt. pVIO) 
1) to be poured out -'^'i p^^''n^N 
nnB'an jpt? iCXT upon whose 
head the anointing oil is poured 
Lev.21,10; fig. 'q\pinSB>41 ]n p^T 
grace is poured upon thy lips 
Ps.45,3. — 2) to be molten or cast 
pV^D n^Ti■ll!5 't^^t). and he made 
a molien sea IK.7,23. — 3) to be 
thickened, hardened; whence fig. 
to be firm or steadfast p'iXi ri"n) 
KTn ^h\ thou Shalt be 'stead- 
fast, and Shalt not fear Jb.11,15. 

pi^ II. (= JV;) only Kiph. p''?n 
(fut. p''5fl) to place, to set Jos. 
7,23; 28.15,24. 

n-pT_ (from pr !.; sf. inp^V;) /". a 
casting (of metal) inp;f"'3 DipV! 
cast in its casting (i. e. cast when 
it was cast) IK.7,24. 

-yV I. (akin to IIV II.; fut. II.; W., 

^'i^., only with s/; Tjisx, innv^ ; 
fwi. n. "i^\'' , iv: , op. Sx;."' , "l.V,^ ; 

iir, niv\ ijnv"') prop, to cut, 

hence: i; to fashion IHTr nilj^Dai 
and fashioneth it with hammers 
Is.42,12.— 2) to form, to make, 
to create 1SSJ DlKn-DK .,.''> nV't 

TT T- T .- t: V — 

nD1>?n-]p and God... formed man 
of ihe dust of the ground Gen. 
2,7; |a|3 TI-IYX Dlta? before I 
formed thee in the womb Jer,l,5; 
^"4 *1^1?i? ^PC^!<1 TJT^N I have 
formed and set thee for a cove- 
nant with the people Is.42,6 9. 




49,8 (others render rilS^ in this 
passage; 'I will keep thee', from 
"IVJ, which see); ^^ ''iinv; 1?-ni? 
this people have I formed for 
myself Is.43,21; fig. to purpose, 
to devise Tlh^.M l^ "''71^; I have 
purposed it, I will also do it 46, 
11.— Ft. IX^'' a) as a verb: form- 
ing, devising tO'iJ?: xSn ]\^ 1V'i-DK 
he that formed the eye, shall he 
not see ? Ps.94,9; Kni:i1 liN 1^1'' 
'^'^n forming the light, and creat- 
ing darkness ls.45,7;D3\':r IS-.'' '?3N 
nrn I devise (Bng. Bible: I frame) 
evil against you Jer.8,11; sf. '^, 
]a5D r\')T\ "^W the Lord who 
made thee, and formed thee from 
the womb Is.44,2. h) as a noun; 
forme'r, creator, etc.; see under 

Niph. ISiJ to be formed, created 
'tK IXirxS ''JSS before me there 
was no God formed Is.43,10. 

Pu. 11^ to be formed ^'^'i\ D'^DJ 
the days that were formed Ps. 
139,16 (others: the days ordained, 

Hoph. IVin ifut. *1VV) to be 
made, formed Tj^Sv l^iV i^r'7| 
"hv iih no weapon that is formed 
against thee sh^U prosper Is. 
■•l>ji I. (= 11V a. '\^t I.J fut. TV;. , 

ap. '^?,.^ f. i?n, pi- «• IT v.":) 

1) to be straitened, to be narrow 
^nyv W-n"? thy' step shall not 
be straitened Pr.4,12 (comp. Jb. 

18,7); Jl??i«K5 '"iVfl np '? it Cyie 

land) shall now be too narrow 
by reason of the inhabitants Is, 
49,19.— 2) to be in straits PN'paa 
'h "lV^.ip?i?> in the fulness of his 
sufficiency he shall be in straits 
Jb.20,22.— 3) to be distressed, 
grieved (impersonally) DJ]!? TV*J 
1i<P and they were greatly dis- 
tressed Jud. 2, 15; jijas'^ T^?J 
rii7nriri7 and Amnon was so 
grieved," that he fell sick 2S.13,2 
(so also f. ..."? *i^51Jud.lO,9; IS. 

l;iMfrom ix;!.; sf. iny^) TO. 1) for- 
mation, frame, workilVi"'^ 1?« 1S.13 
pjn 8<7 shall the frame say of 
him that made it, he hath no 

. understanding Is.29,16; J/T K'ln"'? 

' IJHV^ for li6 knoweth our frame 

Ps.io3,i4; vhv iivi "^t n^l ''3 

that the maker of his work (others: 
idol, image) trusteth therein Hab. 
2,18. — 3) imagination, thought, 
mind D^^n 3.7 yV^ the imagina- 
tion of man's heart Gen. 8,21; 
niDK'D.P "iX.I the Imaginations of 
the thoughts lChr.28,9; ?]iaD 1S1 
staid (i, e. confiding) mind Is. 
26.3.— 3) pr. n. son of Naphtall 
Gen.46,24; pair. '''Ti'l Num.26,49. 

"1^'' (only pi. O^y^l) TO. prop, form, 
hence: member, limb 75f3 ''TS'J 
D73 and all my limbs are as a 
shadow Jb.17,7. 

''1'i'' pr- n. TO. 1) a person nentioned 
in lChr.25,11 = ''')•? v. 3.~ 3) pair. 
of 1 V;. Num.26,49. 




'ri^' (/Mi. n^:, pi. W^:) to klnaie, 


to set on Are, to burn ^3?p3 nVOI 
"Win and it shall kindle in the 
thickets of the forest Is. 9, 17; 
\r\T, tl*N:| ...iT'n^B'l and her gates... 
shall be burned with Are Jer.51, 
58; njn'^n m^ niriJi^ and her 
daughters (villages) shall be 
burned with fire Jer.49,2. 

Niph. mj 1) to be kindled, 
burned "I3"i(35 HriW burned up 
like a wilderness Jer.9,11: rfiyU'l 

' ' T VT : 

tPKi inyj and her gates are burned 
with Are Neh.],3i fig. of anger: 

yj nnvj K"'n"'nfN ;■'. nan the 

wrath of the Lord that is kindled 
against us 2K.22,13. 

Hiph. n''?n ifut. n^¥J! , ap. r\^2 ; 

pt. r^V5) to kindle, to set on fire, 
to burn Jer.11,16 a. Jud.9,49. 

)3p' to hollow out, to excavate. 

3 j^^; (from ap^ ; sf. Tl?[?l ; pi. D''5,':; , 

c. "'JjPt 5 «/"• 'l'|?iV--' "*• " wine-vat 
(receptacle into which the new 
wine flowed from the press) Jo. 
2,24.— 5'; wine-press Jb.24,11.— 
3) iXt DjJJ.. pr. n. place where 
Zeeb, the king of Midian, was 
defeated Jud.7,25. 
tlN^^p) pr. n. a city in Judah,25 «='7«V41i2 Jos.15,21 and 

Ip; (fut. npj: , T pj. ; pt. f. n 1 i?; ; 

pt. p. Tlp^; inf. I'lp)) to glow, to 
burn, to blaze Deut.32,22 a. Is.lO, 
16; pt. p. as noun, see Hp^ . 
Hoph. npjn (fid.. np.V) to be 

kindled or burned Lev.6,2j fig. of 
anger Jer.15,14. 
^p^ Ch. to burn, to flame; vt. f. 
XnTp; burning Dan.3,6. 

NTp^ Ch. (c. nnp.^) f. burning, con- 
flagration Dan. 7, 11. 
DS^'ID^ i""- '*■ ^ city in Judah Jos. 

T :I:t 


np^ 1) to be firm, to attach to one, 
to obey. — 2) to collect, to gather 


np'' i"*. w. m. in the superscription 
of the 30th chapter of Proverbs. 
This superscription np."'"|3 "11JK 
may have a symbolic meaning: 
'collector of preachings concern- 
ing obedience', a title alluding to 
npil^. in V. 17 (Stb.). 

nnp) f- obedience D'^QV nni?''. iSl 
and [until] to him shall be the 
obedience of the people Gen.49,10 
(Bng. Bible ; the gathering of the 
people); nK"nri^"'S ruril and de- 
spiseth to obey his mother Pr.30,17. 

TUp'^ m. hearth Is.30,14. 

Tjp^ ; "ipl m. a burning Ipi. T g.' 
STN nip'S he shall kindle a burn- 
ing like the burning of a fire Is. 

Dlp^ (from Dip) m. whatever exists, 
living thing Gen.7,4; Deut.11,6. 

tyip^ a. trip; (pi. CB'p:) w. en- 
snarer, fowler Ps.91,3; Pr.6,5; 
^^mp\ t]^! IIB^;; they spy crouch- 
ing as fowlers Jar. 5,26 (Eng, 

Ot-TVp^ 261- 

Bible: they lay wait, as he that 
setteth snares). 

^K''ri^p1 pr. n. m. lChr.4,18. 

]t2p'' P'>- n. Joktan, son of Eber and 
descendant of Shem Gen. 10,25 a. 
26 , the progenitor of several 
tribes in southern Arabia (in 
Arabian he is called Kahtan). 

QW pr. n. TO. of two persons. 

y^l adj. dear, beloved Jer.31,20. 

T'lPl ^^' "^^^ ^) weighty, important 
Dan. 2,1 1.— 2) noble, distinguished 

(T'iip'' i'*'- >*• "*■ ot two persons. 
T : I-: 

DS^Dp'' i""' w. a Levitical city in 


Ephraim IK.4,12 

Divan Jos.21, 

OrOD' W- «• ■»■*• lChr.23,19. 

T : I-; 

DS?JP' i""- '*■ a Levitical city in 
Zebulun Jos.12,22. 

V\>\ I. (= V^-\; M- V p.!'.) prop, to 
remove oneself, hence: to be out 
of joint, to be dislocated V il^DJ 
ipy.l ^"nriS and the hollow of 
Jacob's thigh was out of joint 
Gen. 32,26; fig. to be alienated, to 
turn away ^5?? ''?*?3 ypJH'l? lest 
my soul be alienated from thee 
Jer.6,8; with hv^, Bz.23,18. 

j;p^ II. to fix to, to fasten (_Kal not 

Hiph. yipin (fut. y^fjiii; imp. J^pjn) 
to hang up (on a stake or cross), 
to impale Num.25.4: 2S.21.6 a. 9. 

Soph, ypn ipt. y|"yO) to he 
hanged, impaled 28.21,13. 

ejp'^see f\p_:. 

PpUM. rp-t a. Ypl, once ^P-. IK. 
3,15, ap. Yp;^,) to awake {*i2';i 
iriJB'D and he awoke out of his 
sleep Jud.16,14; iJV.D lij {'jJ.VJ and 
Noah awoke from his wine Gen. 

ID'' (/«<• "^py. , Ipj;. a. 1 p.!) to be 
heavy, weighty, hence: to be 
precious, esteemed, prized riTjS.^ 
••J^rj thou wast precious in my 
sight Is.43,4; nXD iD^* ipVJ! his 
name was highly prized 1S.18, 
30; r\''V.'?. 11i?V'""5 ■';! how precioua 
also are thy thoughts unto me 
Ps.l39,17j with hvp/. to be prized 
at by Dn''Ss?.D ''rilp^'^E^N which 
I am prized at by them Zch.11,13. 
Eiph. Tipin (Jut. T'pi''; imp. IgiH) 
to make precious TBO trijX lip.iK 
I will make a man more pre- 
cious than fine gold Is. 13,12; fig. 
to make rare or scarce T] ; Jl IpiH 
'^V'l n^a.D make thy foot scarce In 
the house of thy neighbor Pr.25, 
17 (Bng. Bible: withdraw thy 
foot etc.). 

Ip^^ (c. 1p_; , with 3 : ip^? ; pi. nnj3^.; 

"n'lp;., c. mp:, pi. niij^;) adj. 

prop, weighty, hence: 1) heavy, 
large riilj^.l D^i^^?. heavy stones 
(for building) lK.5,31.— 2) great, 
considerable "Ip^^jin great wealth 
Pr. 1, 13. — 3) costly, precious, 
valuable ri^j5''_ ]3S coU. precious 




stones IK.10,2 "J?!?!? nj^i^.N^Vin D« 
if thou take forth the valuable 
from the vile Jer.15,19; fig. 'i'P^lT^'Q 
Cd 'il ^IPn how precious is thy 
loving-kindness, God! Ps.36,8.— 
4) honorable, noble nnj?^ B>3J 
noble soul Pr.6,26; n''?^t?' Dlji 
t1''P^"1|'?''? kings' daughters are 
among tliy honorable women Ps. 
45,10 (= Tl''0inp:3, Dagesh irregu- 
lar); nil 1,2:1 Pr.'l7,27 Kn for Ij^l 
nn (see under Ij?). — 5) splendid, 
beautiful, clear, bright; as adv.: 
"^y^ 1 i^-i D!li "^^ moon walking 
in splendor Jb. 31,26; as a noun: 
D"'']? "li?? as the beauty of the 
pastures (i. e. the grass) Ps.37, 
20 (Eng. Bible: as the fat of the 
lambs); f. pi. as n. riilj^^. clear- 
ness, brightness: nilj?^. liK'n^n^. vh 
jiNEpI there shall be no light of 
brightness (1. e. bright light), nor 
congelation (Bng. Bible: the light 
shall not be clear, nor dark; 
Vulgate: there shall be no light, 
but cold and frost, deriving iTilp^ 
from Itlj^to be cold).— 6) rare, 
scarce Dnn DiD^S li^V^^T? V- '^51'' 
and the word of the Lord was 
rare in those days IS.3,1. 
*1p' (*A ^"^i?!^ »*• 1) preciousness, 
precious thing TlNI . . . T'JJn ]Dn 
'"l^lT- ''I ''^^ strength of the city 
and all the precious things thereof 
Jer.20,5; iJiJJ nriNT -f^ h^) and 
his eye seeth every precious thing 
Jb.28,10; 1(7.''. ''75 precious vessel 
(Bng. Bible: precious jewel) Pr. 

20,15. — 2) honor, dignity, respect 
lO'i^^^.^^ 1(^1 1JJ!l! d'^mri hy\ and 
all the wives will give honor 
(show respect) to their husbands 

Bst.1,20; in^nj ni_(<sri -ii-ri. the 

honor of his excellent majesty 
v. 4; xhX^^ Ifl'S Ons^ but man 
being in honor abideth not Ps. 

1p^ Ch. m. 1) honor Dan.2,6 (others: 
riches, treasures). — 2) glory, 
splendor Dan. 7,14.— 5) respect 
Dan. 5,20 (others? authority). 

J5>p^ (= ^p-X') to ensnare, to lay 
snares ?]S "'ilC'p^ I have laid a 
snare for thee Jer.50,24; more 
fully ''^ 1K>f5^ nS the snare which 
they laid for me Ps.141,9; HipisSl 
]^tp\ "irB'3 and they lay a snare 
for him that reproveth in the 
gate 29,21; pt. typii ensnarer, net- 
setter, fowler Ps.124,7. 

Niph. t^ilij (fut. ti>|-?4^) to be 
snared, to be caught "''lOSa riB^jliJ 
T]''? thou art snared with the 
words of thy mouth Pr.6,2; ]S 
13 tJ>p.|ri lest thou be snared 
therein Deut.7,25. 
Pm. to be snared; i3''U>pV 

]^'p^ pr. n. son of Abraham by Ke- 
turah Gen. 25,2 a. 3. 

"^^K^^Ip^- "■ V a city in Judah 
Jos.15,38.-- 2) name given by 
king Amaziah to the city of J?Sd 




KT" (2 Ml. DHKI^ Deut.5,5 a. DTO1'' 
Jos.4,24; fut. N'T''., Nni , p?. 1N1''t , 
Wn^. ; imp. KT , ^?. IXT; for WT. ; 
inf. N-|^. , with h : Nl^. for NT^ 
— KT'S'; uerfc. w. nKT. , with *? : 
n^T.i) to be afraid, to fear, to 
reverence; with accus. InS N'Vri"7K 
fear him notNum,21,34;ni:jN'1.': Jig 
ye have feared the sword Ez,ll,8; 
?]'7a; ^i2 ;rn^-«'T.1 my son, fear 
thou the Lord and the king Pr. 
24,21; with D : T1''5'7?<J2 ns'i;!. and 
fear thy God Lev.19,32; with ]t? , 
''pSl? Deut.1,29; Is. 37, 6; before 
inf. with D or S : £S''3nn K"1^ he 
was afraid to look Bx.3,6; Nl^ 
I'DkS he feared to say Gen.26,7; 
with S of the object: KTjysS 
j'jiya r\n''^'-> she is not afraid 
of the snow for her household 
Pr.31.2I; 1J''nityBi'? INI? NT31 
DS^JSD we feared greatly for our 
lives because of you Jos.9,24. 
Niph. K'liJ (fut. Nl^: ; pt. S'liJ , 

f. r\^yii J pi. niN-iiJ) i) to be 

feared, to be fearful or dreadful, 
to be reverenced NlVl I^dS that 
thou mayest be feared (reverenced) 
Ps.130,4; Nin y.'V:) niiK he is ter- 
rible and dreadful Hab.1,7; fl^ 
r^^-fi a terrible land Is.21,1; «T.iJ 
ni^nn reverenced in praises Ex. 
15,11.— 2) to be wonderful, stu- 
pendous Tl''t?l!P N^irnp how won- 
derful art thou in thy works Ps. 
66,3; Dnx V.r'??? nS'^ba «^ 'J won- 
derful in his doing toward the chil- 
dren of men v. b;pt.'7\']'in) 

TJi''?': nlKT.'iJ and thy right hand 
shall teach thee wonders Ps.45,5; 
as adv. ^!y2Sii niXliJ I am won- 
derfully distinguished Ps.139,14 
(Eng. Bible: I am fearfully and 
wonderfully made). 

Pi. N^:. (fut. N i;': ; pt. NTP ; inf. 
N^p to make afraid, to terrify 
□rn "'JN']! the people have made 
mV afraid 28.14,15; UniK DiNTl? 
they made us afraid Neh. 6, 9; 
nbnaSi m'Vh to terrify them, and 
to trouble them 2Chr.32,18, 
ST" (c. NT. ; pl- I3''I?T. , c. '•N'l: ; f. 


ilNT. , c. Diiyj) adj. 1) fearing, reve- 
rencing (prop, a pt.) inx ""JiX NTJ 
I am fearing (i. e. I fear) him 
Gen.32,12; ;';-n?< NT. fearing the 
Lord 2K.4,1;' D"'^':.''. ...IJDJN we... 
are fearing(we fear, we are afraid) 
IS.23,3; n"'T':S KHl one fearing 
(one that feareth) God Jb.1,1; H^N 
^''."nN'1^. a woman fearing (that 
feareth) the Lord Pr.31,30; •>«*]! 
D''ri'?N those fearing (they that 
fear) God Ps.15,4.— if) 1 earful, 
timid 2dr>r\ Till Nn;n that is fear- 
ful and faint-hearted Deut.20,8. 

HNT (cnKT.i sf ^riNi;, DnNi:) f. 

prop. inf. of the verb NT to fear, 
to reverence T|??E'"riN riNTlp to 
reverence thy name Neh. 1, 11; 
hence substantively; 1) fear, ter- 
ror nSinj HKll D"'l?'4Nn 1NT*1 the 
men were afraid with great fear 
Jon.1,10; in^« iriNlJD because of 
his fear of him 28.3,11; DD^ HKi; 
terror was to them (i. e. they 

were dreadful) Ez.l.lS; I^Sf n^y. 
niE*! the fear of briars and thorns 
Is.7,25 (ace. Stb. Tl^y. in these 
two passages means; dreadful 
appearance). — 2) holy fear, rev- 
erence, awe ^1 n^y the fear of 
the Lord (i. e. reverence towards 
God, piety, religion) Pr.1,7; riNI.^ 
'1^ the fear of the Almighty Jb. 
6,14; D3|l>3 jnW \n«'i:-n« I will 
put my fear (i. e. the fear of me) 
in their hearts Jer.32,40; Dn«1"i 
\7l^ their fear of me (or; their 
reverence towards me) Is. 29,13. 
llN*!^ pr. n. a city in Naphtali Jos, 
19,38, now Jarun. 

3*1^ (fighter, adversary) symbolic 

name of the king of Assyria Hos. 
5,13 a. 10,6. 
^l?^']' (fighter of Baal) pr. n. sur- 
name of Gideon, the judge of 
Israel Jud.6,32 = n'^*3T 28.11,21 
(n^3 = ne>3 , which is'identical 

with' ''?;;).' 

DJ^iT' pr. n. name of two kings 

T ; TT 

of Israel; a) son of Nebat IK. 12, 

14. i) son of Joash 2K.14,23 etc. 

ty (pret. once 11 Jud.19,21; fut. 

i:i.'., ap- T5,.'., '^T^.:; pt nni'' 

; a. ly , pi. D'^Tii'' , c. n.ii', f. nipii ; 

imp. nn , niT ,■ A nin , ' f. ni ',' 'pi. 

n-] ; inf i-V ,' nip, nil , with sf. 
'Jp"]"l) lu go down, to come down, 
to descend inn-]D nf^ T T >J and 
Moses went down from the mount 
Ex.19,14; napV? D'5?« T l.'.J and 

264 IT 

Abram went down into Egypt 
Gen.12,10; D>n \-]1i'' those that 
go down to the sea Is. 42,10; of 
a brook: to flow down Deut.9,21; 
of tears: to run down ''^V nj"11JJ3 
n^IDT mine eyes run down with 
tears Jer.14,17; ''222 ly running 
down with weeping Is. 15,3; of the 
hail: to fall down Ex, 9, 19; of a 
boundary going downward; T T^3 
nJTTin Su^n and the border 
shall go down to Jordan Nnm. 
3i,12; 11?;n nn^a in the descent 
(i. e. declivity) of the forest Is. 
32,19 (Bug. Bible: coming down 
on the forest); of the day as 
declining; ni<D 11 Di'H the day 
was far spent Jud. 19,11; of bul- 
warks: to fall, to be subdued 
Deut. 20,20; of a cut down forest 
Zch.11,2; of cattle: to fall, to die 
ls.34,7i fig. of those who are re- 
duced to a low condition Deut. 

Hiph. Tyn {fut. ■|'''li\ ap. Ili^J ; 
pt. Til.iD ; imp. Ti;n ; inf. T' 
to bring down, to lead down, to 
let down, to send down inilln 
''■'n; bring him down unto me 
Gen.41,21; '7it<f T'lia he bringeth 
down to the grave iS.2,6; QlTril 
70Q2 and she let them down by 
a cord Jos.2,15; ifl'^'Q niS Tnhj 
and she let down her pitcher 
from her [shoulder] Gen. 24,46; 
D.^.^ DjS ^^y^>^ and he has caused 
to come down (he has sent down) 
for you the rain Jo.2,23; fig. of 
power or fame; ?] J. 1? r\ip;a Ti"iin\ 



and he shall bring down thy 
strenght from thee Ain.3,1]; of 
the head: to hang down IT'^lin 
ll'N"! f ^^5 '^^y liang down their 
heads to the ground Lam.2,10- 

Hoph. yyi^ to be led down Gen. 
39,1; to be taken down Num. 10,17; 
to be cast down Is.l4,l5. 
T T ). P*"- »»• 1) the sixth in the series 
of descendants from Adam Gen. 
5,15. — 2) another person IChr. 

\^'y P""- "■ Jordan, the chief river 
of Palestine, rising at the foot of 
Anti-Lebanon and flowing into the 
Dead Sea (.usually JII'llD with the 
article) |l'1in *13| the plain of 
the Jordan Gen.13,10; poet, f^tj 
ini the land of Jordan (i. e. 
Palestine) Ps.42,7; in Jb.40,23 pT 
is put for any large river. 

MT I- (M ht:, ipl. sf. ay'i'L; pt. 
ny ; imp. n:]^. ; inf. n'T , nn^) i) 

to cast D*5 i^1\ he has cast into 
the sea Ex,15,4; "jniJl DSS TinM 
that I may cast lots for you Jos. 
18,6.— 2) to shoot ''Vnn HT he 
shot an arrow IS.20,36; nnVl we 
have shot at them Num. 21,30; 

■^gN-iDa nil'''? lor'^i? d?0 ^JJis 

they make ready their arrow upon 
the string that they may shout 
secretly Ps.11.2; pt. O^l^^n-]^ Smjl 
and he was wounded of the shoot- 
ers (i. e. archers) iChr.10,3. — 5) to 
throw water, to besprinkle, to ir- 
, rigatefpN nni'' ^'^php2 as the latter 
rain that besprinkleth the earth 

Hos.6,3 (Bng. Bible: as the latter 
and former rain unto the earth; 
see n'ji'').— 4) to throw up stones, 
hence: to lay, to found, to erect # 
nniB 19^ n^J.-'D who laid the 
corner stone thereof? Jb. 38, 6; 
■'Clr "If S n^mi the pillar, which 
I have erected Gen.31,51. 

Niph. nniJ (/Mi. ni^V to be 
shot Ex.19,13. 

Hiph. iTlin (fut. niV , ap. 11'' ; 
pt. niiO , pi. nniD) 'd to throw, 
to cast l^hS "iJlin he hath cast 
me ihto the mire Jb.30,19.— 2) to 
shoot f n DB> n^i't-Nbl nor shall 
he shoot an arrow there 2K.19, 
32;pt. shooter, archerD^NI.iJSri INI'I 
and the shooters shot 28.11,24 

{Kt& for niiian m).— s) to 

throw water, to sprinkle; hence 
pt. n^lD shower Jo. 2, 23 (Bng. 
Bible: former rain ;= il'li'') . 

HT II. (akin to "liK) to shine, to 
light, hence: to see (Kal not used). 

Hiph. niin {fut. nil' , n^ ; pt. 

nilD , pi. sf. I'lia J imp. niin ; inf. 
min) 1) to cause to see, to show, 
to point out yv >>_ in^iV! and the 
Lord showed him a tree Bx.15,25-, 
nj^il VJB^ rhrh, to point (to direct) 
before him [the way] to Goshen 
Gen.46,28; rriV^V|<| H^.D pointing 
with his fingers Pr.6,i3,— 2) to 
teach, to instruct HUT rrii^ ''D'MS 
whom shall he teach knowledge? 
Is.28,9;TIii5D tj^T ;•; >Jlin teach me, 
Lord, the way of thy statutes 
Ps.n9,33i with ^N or 3 of the 

HT 266 

thing: n^iDn nnn*''? DT'"1 i3 
when thou hast taught tnem (prop 
directed them to) tne good waj' 
2Chr.6,27; Tj^li D''Nan H'n;'' he will 
teach sinners the [right] way Ps. 
25,8; pt. ITliD he that teacheth, 
teacher, instructor "ITliD K'I'JI 
"ISl? and the prophet that teach- 
eth lies Is.9,U; '?ip3 ^mD^-x'?!. 
'''VO and I have not obeyed the 
voice of my teachers Pr.5,13. 

^yi (=^ K^p to fear, to be afraid; 

only fut. pi. innn-'7Ni nn3fi-'?« 

fear ye not, neither be afraid Is. 

7X1T i""- w- a desert to the south- 
east of S?ipn 2Chr.20,16. 

- IT 

p'i'n^ m. green herb Jb.39,8. 

t^^^'^T J""- ™ mother of king Jotham 

2K 15,33 = n^'n': 2Chr.27,l. 
D^ty^T (prevailing form for Dt'zB'n^ 

•(-■ r : IT. 

which is of a later period and oc- 
curs only five times) pr. n. Jeru- 
salem, originally a royal city of 
the Canaanites under the name 
tho Gen. 14,18, then of the Jebu- 
sites under the name DID^ (which 
see) Jud.9,10; since the time of 
David, the chief city of the Is- 
raelite kingdom; with H loc. 
T\ahvr\'< IK.10,2 or fully nD'^Sti'n^ 

t:i-t ; ' ^ t:i-t ; 

0^^*^")^ a. n^a*!"!: Ch. pr. n. Jeru- 
salem Dan.5,2; Ezr.4,§. 


n*^"' (^= n^K) to go about, to wan- 
der, whence Dp.^. 

n^' m. moon Gen.37,9; as a figure 
of duration DSi^; p2\ nT|) it shall 
be established for ever as the 
moon Ps.89,38; hence nn;V.?b in 
the sight of the moon, i. e. so 
long as the moon shall give her 
light Ps.72,5 or Hi; ■'hz TJ till 
the moon shall be no more (i. e. 
(for ever) v. 7. 

r\1\(pl- CnT , c. '' n IJI) m. 1) lunar 
month, a month D''P^ H T.^ a month 
of time Deut.21,13i UVy. ti*!)^ 
fruit of months 33,14; poet. ''U'll 
Dip. months of the past (i. e ear- 
lier days) Jb.29,2.— Hl.^ is re- 
lated to n p_^ as Eng. month to 
moon or Germ. Monat to Mond. — 
2) pr. n. a son of Joktan Gen. 10, 
26 and a tribe descended from 
him, inhabiting the Moon Moun- 
tains in the neighborhood nf 
Hadramaut (Arabia). 

riT Ch. ipl. ] "I n nj) m. month Ez^. 
6,15; Dan.4,26. 

1m^ , in'''!^ pr. n. Jericho, a city of 
Palestine near the Jordan and 
the Dead Sea, in Benjamin Jos. 
18.21, famous for its abundancb 
in palms, wherefore it was also 
called nnnnn T^y Deut.34,3; once 


nrnl pr. «. m. of several persons. 

T'XDD'l'' pr. ». m. of several 

J?ri"T' pr. n. m. 




t^'y (akin to T 1^) prop, to descend, 
to go down, hence; to be pre- 
cipitous, rash, perverse ^5?!n tS'l^ 
''^■3i/ the way is perverse before 
me kuni.22,32. 
Pi. iiyi to precipitate, to cast 

down •'jan^. niyE?"! ^y.'h): he cast 

me down into the hands of the 
wicked Jb.16,1. 

^N^T* pr. n. m. 

^^")^ m. one who contends, adver- 
sary n''^N ^?3K ^5''i;"nS] I will 

contend with him that eontendeth 
with thee (i. e. with thy adver- 
sary) ls.49,25, 
i""*!' 'pr. n. 1) a person mentioned 


in lChr.4.24= 'j'?; 1.— 2) another 
person Ezr.8,16. 

''^''"1'' W- **■ ■"*• 

n''")'' a. ^n*^^ pr. 11. m. 

'irv'y see inn;. 

T\'\'b''''t P'T-'n. m. lChr.7,8. 

nlD''T see niDi:. 

nS?''T (pi' J^iJ^''^^ '"iV''1^) /"■ curtain 
(of a tabernacle or lent) "H^ 
rij'"'T. "I???? J^^'yQ ll^*?? thou 
Shalt make the tabernacle with 
ten curtains Ex.26,1; ''DKH nV'l] 
the curtains of the tent v. 12; 
also a tabernacle n^np tjin? J^^' 
dwelleth within the tabernacle 
2S.7,2 (Eng. Bible: within cur- 
tainsl; fig. of the celestial vault 
nuil/a 0)12^ nDij who stretcheth 
out the heavens like a curtain 

P8.104,2; poet. f^.X l^^V'!!': ]'^^^y. 
Ipfi the tents (i. e. the nomads) 
of the land of Midian did tremble 

nlVII i""- «• f- lChr.2,18. 

'yy (= t]51) to be soft, whence 

D ^.,5 T :> /■. J; thigh, hip n:insa 

I3."'3T.""'?^1 from the loins even 
unto the thighs Ex. 28,42; T] T ;n e]? 
the bollow (socket) of the thigh 
Gen. 32,33. Peculiar phrases: a^nSH 
^.1^'^?? pi!i* to smite leg and thigh 
(i. e. to smite violently) Jud.15,8. 

violently on the ihigh (a gesture 
of vexation) Jer.31,19; Ez.21,17. 
cj 'o^'X. ^'?T^o come out from the 
thigh of... (i. e. to be descended 
from) Gen.46,26. — 2) in animals: 
haunch, ham Ez.24,4.— 3) in in- 
animate things: a) side (^ n D T2) 
132*125 TlXi-'^e side of the taber- 
nacle Ez.25,31; nar.Dn nT.**^'' si'"" 

of the altar Lev. 1,11. b) shaft or 
shank of the sacred candlestick 

nil* \-f- i'l^l''; du. D:n31V c.\-i31'>) 
jf^ side, hinder side, rear DV^S'll? 
ns^ for the two sides westward 
e"26,27; ]|a*J3n \n3T the sides 
of the tabernacle 36,27; "in 51,' 
1^)2^ the sides of the house IKf 
6,16; \TT^V in^li; and his 
hinder side (i. e. border) shalj 
be unto ZidonGen.49,13.— .8) in 




ner part, recess, depth "T^J Tl^ 
WSDH ''ri?'^! he was gone down 
into the inner part (i. e. hold) 
of the ship Jon.1,5; In-\n3"]lth6 
depth of the pit Ez.'62,23.—' 3) ut- 
termost part, extremity JiSV \n?'1^ 
the uttermost parts of the north 
18.14,13; f >5"\nni the extremities 
of the earth Jer.6,22. 

n^y ch. (sf. n n 3 1:) /■. thigh, 

side Dan.2,32. 
n^D"!'' i""- »• -^ a city in the plain 
of Judah, formerly a royal city 
of the Canaanites Jos. 10,3 etc. — 
2) a Levitical city in Issachar 
Jos.21,29 = npT 19,21 a. nlDN^ 

nlfiT i""- «■ ■»»• of several persons; 

= nion;. ichr.24,30; 25,4. 

''DT' !»-. n. TO. Ezr. 10,33. 

(T'p'l^. a. '^n^J?y. pr. n. 1) the proph- 
et Jeremiah Jer.1,1. — 2) father- 
in-law of king Jehoahaz 2K.23, 
31. — 3) several other persons 
Jer. 35,3 etc. 

j;")^ to tremble, to be afraid iB>SJ 
1? ns^'ll^his soul trembleth within 
him Is.15,4 (Eng. Bible: his life 
shall be grievous unto him).— 
The fut. V 'J.', belongs to VV"^ II. 

^NBT" pr. n. a place in Benjamin 

py {inf. pT) 1) to spit, with iJS3 

in the face of one Num. 12, 14; 

Dput.25-Q.— 2) to sprout, to grow, 

to be fresh or green, whence 

pT («■ pll) ■»• green herbage, 
greens, herbs \>'yi^ \i garden of 
herbs Deut. 11, 10; pT.^ '"IQIS a 
portion of herbs (vegetables) Pr 
15,17; N*a?l pT. green herb Is.37,27. 

p "n '' m. greenness Og>y pir"3 all 
greenness of herbs (i. e. every 
green herb) Gen. 1,30; of the ver- 
dure of trees Ex. 10,15. 

Vipy (from pT 2) prop, greenness, 
hence: paleness □''j£3"'?3 13Bnj1 
rp^.y and all faces are turned 
into paleness Jer. 30,6; of grain: 
withering Deut.28,22 (Eng. Bible: 

Pp'l^ m. greenness, see Jip'Tin ""D 
under ''D , D^fi . 

QrpT' pi: n. a city in Judah IChr. 

p'IpT {redup. from p"}^^; pi. f. 

^^p!]!?!;) o^j- greenish, yellowish 
Lev.13,49; 14,37; as a n.: yellow- 
ness f nn p!!pT3 with a yellow- 
ness of gold Ps.68,14. 
'^•^^ (also E'T , 2 m^\ Deut.6,18, 
but sf. nn^-l^ 30,5, niE>T , 2 pi. 
^WT.) fvi. ^1''\ , ^ pi. itt*1.i^ , 
1tr'"i>l ; pt. trnv ; imp. t^n , ti>1 , 
B>1\ with n parag. nB^n^ ; if„/". 
^g'T , sf. Tl/p^T , rarely ''irh;: — 
only sf ^JajT) i; to seize, to take 
possession of, to possess D3'iniN'7 
{'■1N-"m>T they took not posses- 
sion of the land by their own 
sword Ps.44,3; in poetry f IN ^y 


ZB9 . 


frequently means to enjoy the 
greatest prosperity and happiness 
Ps. 25, 13; 37, 22; "ns; TWl KH 
Dn^h'<1 ...n^KH DliJin'he will de- 
stroy these nations... and thou 
Shalt possess them Deut. 31, 3; 
IJ^TO nriNI and shouldest thou 
possess it? Jud. 11,23; ^t B>li'' Mic. 
1,15 a. Jer.8,10 possessor, con- 
queror; "1V1J tS*"^!^ the possessor of 
dominion Jud.18,7 (others: heredi- 
tary ruler).— 2) to dispossess, 
to take away, to rob, to impov- 
erish, with accus.: vyi^"^2 nnDtJ>1 
nWl^il and when a handmaid dls- 
possesseth her mistress Pr.30,24; 
IjS nD^5i? 'IJS'I!;.'?? have ye called 
us to rob (or: impoverish) us? 
Jud. 14,15. — 3) to inherit, to re- 
ceive an inheritance, to succeed, 
with accus.: nriN E'l^l and he 
sJiall inherit it Num.27,11; HJinj 
"•riK B^'n.i"' "'^''i?'!? and, lo, one born 
in my house is mine heir (i. e. 
will succeed me) Gen. 15,3. 

Niph. tt'liJ (fut. t!>'ir.) prop, to 
be dispossessed, hence: to become 

poor u'lir) |g njK? in«o-':b' love 

not sleep, lest thou come to pover- 
ty Pr.20,13 (comp. ^T\). 

to possess; only fig. of the locust: 

all thy trees and fruit of thy land 
shall the locust seize Deut.28,42 
(Eng. Bible: shall the locust con- 
Eiph. B> (fut. ti*''T\ o,p. 

^li,.!!; pt- t!'''1i»; inf. fe'nin, 

t!'''nin) 1) with a double accus.: 
to make possess, to give to possess, 
to give in possession "ItJ'N HN' 
;ii|j'??j'. B'ia? TJtt'n.i'' that which 
Chemosh thy god giveth thee to 
possess Jud.11,24; fig. '']' 
^IIJ^J nijiy and makest me possess 
(i. e. imputest to me) the iniqui- 
ties of my youth Jb:13,26; with j 
of the person: to leave for an 
inheritance D3\Ji'7 D^B'tlini and 
that ye may leave it for an in- 
heritance to your children Ezr. 
9,12. — 2) to take possession of, 
to seize upon Tirn m D^^tinini 
and ye shall seize upon the city 
Jos.8,7. — 3) to dispossess, to drive 
out, to cast out TJ^AED D^iJI {yi1.iN 
I will drive out the nations be- 
fore thee Bx.34,24; fig. of ill- 
gotten wealth: *?« Ut^n.ii iJtaaD 
God shall drive (cast) it out of 
his belly Jb.20,lo. — 4) to carry 
away, to destroy 1JB>'li^\1 1^?!^ 1i|tf 
I will smite them with the pesti- 
lence, and destroy (Eng. Bible; 
"il^^my hand shall destroy them 
Ex. 15,9. 

^t^''T' f- possession Num. 24, 18 

T^'^y f- 1) possession Smh my, 
T^r?^ -|n-n^ ^nnJ I have given 
mount Seir unto Esau for a 
possession Deut.2,5; f ^^'S DfliB*] 
D^n^ll then ye shall retnrn unto 
the land of your possession Jos. 




1,15.— 2) inheritance tOSU^O r\h 
ntS'Tn the right of inheritance 
is thine Jer.32,8. 
^'' ("t^.l) prop, being, existence 
(from 'Tii*''), hence: 1) as a n.: 
substance, estential possession 
^\ ''inx '^"'mnS to cause those 
that love me to inherit substance 
Pr.8, 21. — 2) as adv.: there is 
(opposite to p.N there is not) 
]iK-DS' YV. '^3-ty;.n whether there 
be wood therein, or not Num.13, 
20; in a strengthened form: V] 
ty.g it certainly is 2K. 10, 15; 
pleonastically »! p« Ps.135,17 
and t:*;. N? Jb 9,33 for ]^K there 
is not; with 1!i'X : some, others 
□nDK I^S CV. there were who 
said, i. e. some said Neh.5,2. 6) 
sometimes ]iVr] H^ni.l^N {!*;. some- 
times the cloud was Num.9,20. — 
3) as a verb in the 3rd person: 
is, it is ^jay ;^. tJ*;;. and the Lord 
is with us Jud.6,i3; 'n^ ty^DN 
DDB'SJ if it is in your miijd (if 
it be your mind) Gen. 23,8; with 
sf. T]!::: thou art, iiti'.J he is, DSB*; 
a. n?!:': you are: Hs iJ2>^_. IB'i^. 
who is here Deut. 29,14; some- 
times with sf. in the sense of an 
adv. nriK ny IjE*.^. there is a certain 
people Est.3,8; suffixed form some- 
times used with participles to 
emphasize the action: D5tt*.''."DN 
ion Q^tJ'J^ if ye really are deal- 
ing kindly Gen.24,49;nijnx Q5^)r]_ 
J.1"'"l^ whether ye really love the 
Lord Deut.13,4.— 4) with b: there 

is to any one, to have ITlpO V t^.I 
there is to me hope, i. e. I have hope 
R.1,12; ] p.| 3S 1jS-ty_; we have an 
Old father Gen.44,20; ■2':..1t;'N;':'| 
lb all that he had Gen.39,5; b)rj 
n^aD bi< n';"l|l'? ace. Ges.: hast 
thou to speak to the king? 2K. 
4,13 (Bng. Bible: wouldest thou 
be spoken for to the king?). 

2ti/''' (fut. j: ;^^^ ap. i 1*^.': ; pt 2^v , 

ae*"' , poet. ''5B>"i Ps. 123, 1. pi. 
D^aU'ii ^ c. ^2^>, ■ /■. nityii Neh.3,8, 

nJt^i'' , n^ej''', '^ ni^'' ', ri^it?'' Jer. 

22,23 Etib' ^F\:2V> ", j)i.' hiiB>ii , 
niau>'' ; imp. its* , naB> ; mf. :ii'B>; ; 

vej-6.' M. ns^; , sf. '>j:iaV) j; to sit, 

to take a seat, to be seated; with 

hv on, upon Ex.17,12; with ]''a''i' 

to sit at one's right hand Ps. 110,1; 

of judges: niND3 132*'' HStr i3 
J.o :' :ttt • 

lafiB'D? for there they sat on 
thrones of justice Ps. 122,5 (others: 
for there are set thrones for judg- 
ment); of God as ruler of the 
world: pi'^ t2Sia> «DdS Pf^t^. thou 
satestin the throne as a righteous 
judge Ps.9,5; hence of God also 
Dn?,^i<"' he that sitteth enthroned 
of old Ps.55,20.— 2) to tarry, to 
wait Ti:3V^ TJ iE*W i5jS 1 will 
tarry (wait) until thou come 
again Jud.6,18; with h : for 'Ua' 
nn 1J7 tarry ye here for us Ex, 
24,14; '''7 •'^E'FI n^21 a^p\ thou 
shalt wait for me many days 
Hos.3,3; DhS nOB*; n^311 hv in the 
ways hast thou sat (waited) for 
them .Jer.3.2.— -9) to stay, to abide. 




to dwell nav HiK* abide with me 
Gen.29,19i 1T,ni 6^m U2>.i.-''3 if 
brethren dwell together Deut.25,5; 
pt. i^'' dweller, inhabitant Gen. 
25,27; Is.5,3.— 4) to be inhabited 
a^n nSi. nnSt? f^.^ a ealt land 
and not inhabited Jer.l7,6; HID'M 
Uh'^vb n^*'? T'yn and this city 
shall be inhabited for ever v. 25; 
m^h :i^:n-Hh it shall not be in- 
habited for ever Is.13,20. 

Niph. i^iJ (pt. aB>ij , f. nnujiJ , 
f^ riwti'iJ) to be inhabited ^'iU'lJI 
CI^D ^^^ ^^^ cities shall be in- 
habited Ez.36,l0; r\2Z''\:' aland 
inhabited Ex. 16,35. 

Pi. aty^. to set D^^^^^'l''I? Uti>;i 
?]3 and they shall set their pal 
aces in thee Bz.25,4. 

Hiph. 3"'E'in (/«<. :J^e>i^; jol 
yp'iD; inf. i''B>in) ij to set, to 
cause to sit, to make to well, to 
make to be inhabited h'i '':5''t?'i''J 
HIT KD3 and he set me on the 
throne of David lK.2,24; CSa^DD? 
"'ja^tl'in he hath set me in dark 
places Lam,8,6iD''^nN;91 TJ^TlN 1^ 
I will yet make thee to dwell in 
tabernaolesHos.l2,10;niaC'; nnr5 
ii''B'i"' and they shall make the 
desolate cities inhabited Is. 54,3. — 
3) to take, to marry ia''tt'in yfi<. 
ni'i'lSJ D''E>J that had taken (prop, 
settled) strange wives Bzr. 10,18. 

Hoph. 3K>in 1) to be placed or 
settled f INn ^'^fja D215'? Dt!^^*ini. 
so that ye may be placed alone 
(others: that ve may be left alone) 

in the midst of the land Is.5,8.— 
a) to be inhabited D.SB'n'''? 1!?^<^l 
il^in who saith to Jerusalem, 
Thou shalt be inhabited Is. 44,26. 
iX3^'' pf- n. m. 

ri.^SS'S iK*^ V'' w. a warrior of 
bavid 28.23,8 = DS;aE>; lGhr.11,11. 

:3'.32 \7\V\ {Sri ''yf)) pr. n. 2S. 

n.StJ'*^ pr. n. m, 

dnb ''22'*'' pr. n. m. lChr.4,22. 

viv • r.. T 

QJ?3^'i pr. n. TO. 1) a person men- 

tionedin IChr. 11,1 1=^^*2 3B>\— 
2) another person lChr.27,2. 

P32'"' pr- n. son of Abraham by 
Keturah Qen.25,2. 

TWO'^'Z'^ pr. n. m. lChr.25,4. 

T It ; : T 

HB'"' (= T\W) to be strong, firm, 
hence: to be, to exist; derivatives: 
E^i and n^B^in . 


i^lt^'^ pr. n. 1) son of Ip^achar Num. 

26,24 = ii^ Gen.46,13 a. y^^ IChr. 

7,1.-2) another person Ezr. 10,29. 
m^''' pr. n. son of Asher Gen. 46,17. 

t; • 

iTHltJ'"' pr. n. m. 
TT : 

^yZ^^ pr. n. 1) son of Asher Gen.46, 

17.— 2) son of Saul IS. 14,49. 
S?ll{^*'' pr. n. 1) = 'if}r\\ the son of 

Nun, successor of Moses Neh.8, 
17. ■ — 2) high priest mentioned 
in Ezr. 2,2 and several other per- 
sons. — 3) a place in Judah Neh. 




j-lj?!|{l>i) f_ help, deliverance, sal- 
vation, welfare nyitt'';n "^^h salva- 
tion belongeth unto the Lord Ps. 
3,9; Sm DiDh n^^l r\V)^) [Ms] 
help will he set as walls and 
bulwarks Is.26,li ^l n^^V) the 
salvation of the Lord Bx.l4:,13; 
voet. nrwj Tl\p3|'lD [upon] thy 
chariots of salvation Hab. 3, 8; 
iny^i. nn^^ ay?1 and my welfare 
passeth away as a cloud Jb.30, 
15; f^tj nf-Jrh^ nyW) we have 
not wrought any deliverance in 
the land Is.26,18. 
nti'' ace. Stb. to bend, to shrink 
(akin to nitp); others: to be empty, 
whence nmt!* . 

n^^ m. shrinking (from hunger); sf. 
TIIIP? Tjn^:.!. and thy shrinking 
(Bng. Bible: casting down) shall 
be in the midst of thee Mic.6,U. 

utl^;) see pn-i) . 

12^'' to be stretched {Kcd not used). 
H^h. tS'li^in ifut. £D''2>i'' , ap. 

aa>i>l) to stretch, to extend Est. 

4,il; 5,2. 
i^?^ pr. n. father of David IS.16,1 

= ''2>''K lChr.2,13. 
n'jy'i see aitl>» , 
,TJJ>'' pr, n. m. 
?XO^ti''' pr. n. TO. 

pD''I2'1 (from na^) m. desert, wil- 
derness \^'Ci^\ hh^ the howling of 
the wilderness Deut. 32,10. 

my^'' Ktib Ps.55,16 for DID H'^W^ 

VIT • - VT • - 

(see K B* J fl«i)/i.); ace. others 
= niD''C?^ desolation, destruction. 

nlD^K'''' f- pl- desolation, destruc- 
tion; only in pr. n. niD'K>^ri n^3 , 
which see under ri''3. 

{J?^55.*^ TO. old man, aged man 3E* D^ 
1J| tJ'i?'; DJ both the greyheaded 
and very aged are among us Jb. 
15,10; p«. □''?>■'£>: 12,12. 

na^' (= nDB> ; /«<. DB>it a. DB*1 , /^ 
DrO) to be waste, desolate, de- 
serted DB*ri n"? npnxni and that 
the land be not desolate Qen.47, 

19; r\im''Pi niD3ni njaDQC c^l^D 

the cities shall be laid in ruins, 
and the high places shall be 
desolate Bz.6,6. 

Hiph. n^^n {fut. n^fl) to make 
waste (generally refered to DDtJ*. 
which see).— n''B>Jl Num.21,30 ace. 
some from n2>^ or DD^' (we have 
laid them waste); ace. others 
from n|>J, which see. 
Q^-' (same as ni2> ; fut. D2>''; , ap. 

Q^"^ to put, to place; imperson- 
ally: |i-|N3 D2>"':i and they put 
him (he was put) in a coffin Gen. 
50,26.— Q^i;i Etib Gen.24,33, for 
which the Kri has dB>1>l {Hoph. 

of nib'). 

XDti'' pr. n. TO. 

^XrOt?-'^. pr. n. 1) son of Abraham 
by Hagar, the ancestor of many 
Arabian tribes Gen.25,l2; gent. pi. 
Q^SNyp^'^, , an Arabian people 

.T'raa''' 273 

whose territory extended from 
Egypt to Assyria Gen.25,18 etc. — 
2) the slayer of Gedaliah Jer.41, 
2. — S) several other persons 
lChr.8,38 etc. 
rfi^OSS''' pr- n. m. lChr.12,4. 

IIT'rOSJ''' V- ri,. m. lChr.27,19. 

it; - : • 

^")j;5J>'' pr. n. m. 

to sleep, to be asleep, to fall 
asleep ]B>''t<) na|)?>[^ I will lay 
me down nnd sleep Ps.4,9; fig. to 
be inactive, hence of God: ITllJ^ 
'^. \^^^ ns^ awake, why sleepest 
thou, Lord? Ps 44,24; poet, of 
death: '''? nij; tK i;iJB>; I should 
have slept (i. e. been dead): then 
had I been at rest Jb.3,13j more 
fully: n^ij^-nit? 1J|l>n that they 
may sleep a perpetual sleep Jer. 
51,39; riian l^'^-Jg lest I sleep 
the sleep of death Ps.13,4.— 2) to 
linger, to tarry, to remain long 
in the same condition, whence 

Niph. ]2>ij {pt. ]mi , f. nj^iJ) 

1) to be old, dry ll'U ]t^\ DD'F^-'fJ 
and ye shall eat very old store 
(of grain of a former year) Lev. 
26,10; «"'? ni^^J rmt it is an old 
leprosy 13,11.— .3^ to remain long 
fn^l DflJ^iJl and ye shall have 
remained long in the land Deut. 
Pi. ]f,1 (fwt.]tV^ to make sleep, 

to lull" to sieei) ryTC^'hv inp.fipj 

and she made him sleep upon her 
knees Jud.16.19. 


]£'*'' (f- n;f ;) adj. old; of grain: \^l] 

''iN'^Vin ti>nn \;?iD and ye shall 

bring forth the old because of 

the new Lev.26,10; nJB>p nation 

the old pool Is.22,11. 

ItJ^'' {f- nJ2?^) adj. sleeping (prop, 
a pt.) Kin IK*^ he is sleeping (i. o. 
he sleeps) IK.18,27; r\-0.\ TjTOIfJ! 
while thy handmaid was sleep- 
ing (slept) 3,30; niJlJ*; \-:9'B> JiH 
causing the lips of those that 
are asleep to speak Cant.7,10: 

fig. of the dead: "isr nmN ^p' 
Iff TT — : - ••■■ : 

those that are sleeping! that sleep) 

in the dust of the earth Dan. 12,2- 

ilJB''' pr. n. a city in Judah 2Ghr. 

T T : 


ytl*"' (Ar. J^tri) prop, to be wide, 
hence: to be free, fortunate (Kal 
not used). 

Niph. VP'^i ifut V^f. ; pt- J'^'iJ ; 
imp. pi. IJ^B^p) 1) to be delivered, 
saved, with ]P : D5\3:iKP DpSJE'iJI 
and ye shall be saved from your 
enemies Num.10,9; iltt^V Hi^D he 
shall be saved out of it Jer.30,7; 
with 3 : by ;';3 J^B^ij ni? people 
saved by the Lord Deut 33,29; pt. 
victorious Kin yfii) pnv he is 
righteous and victorious Zch.9,9 
(Bng. Bible: he is just, and having 

Hiph. riji^in (fid. yB'ii , r^B'in^ , 

ap. J?B*i) i pt r''t?iD ; imp. j;E*in , 
riTp'tn) to save, to deliver "n*?) 
ytS'in ''J57 DU and the afflicted 
people thou wilt save 28.22,28; 



- T 

■'jy^'n DDHD thou savest me from 
violence 22,3; with h : to help, to 
give aid li'^JN; \;:?S rijyi"! he shall 
give help to the children of the 
needy Ps.72,4; nS S;'<K>iD J^K] and 
there was none to aid her Deut. 
22,27; a peculiar expression: ''T| 
''i' ni?''a>in mine own hand hath 
saved me, i. e. I have conquered 
without anybody's aid Jud.7,2; in 
the same sense also with J''p'' or 
l?1-]t (comp. Ps.98,1 a. ls.63,5);pt. 
as n.: saviour, with sf. ''S?B>D 2S. 

safety ll^B*^. i:iJ2> and those 
which mourn may be exalted in 
safety Jb. 5, 11 tPuerst: and the 
gloomy are strong in freedom); 

'h jvpi j^av.a n'^m i win set him 

in safety (Fuerst: at liberty) from 
him that puffeth at him Ps.12,6. — 
8) salvation, prosperity n X V 
^P yB>:.'? thou wentest forth for 
the salvation of thy people Hab. 
3,13; ^Vf'l V^^. the God of my 
salvation Ps.18,47.. 

'•J^JJ,"' pr. n. m. 

ir!^l?2'"' f". n. 1) the famous proph- 
et Isaiah 2K.19,20; Is.1,1.— 2) 
name of several other persons 
lChr.25,3; Ezr.8,7 {n;r^:), etc. 

tlty to be hard, to be iirm. 
nSjy or n5B*J m. jasper (a very 
hard precious stone) Ex.28,20. 

ISJJJ^'' pr. n. m. 

•^U/'' (fut. IB*''; , once 1B*^ IS.6,12) 
1) to go straight nnSH nn^'^ 
nill? and the cows went straight 
on the way IS.6,12 (nj*]K^;i for 
nJ1B>fl_1).— .2) to be'^morally 
straight, upright, right n^B'^"*^? 
13 iCJ'SJ his soul is not upright 
in him Hab.2,4; with W? ; to 
seem good, to please well S\'l 
^JWtI i^'5?T she pleaseth me well 
Jud.'l4,3; impersonally: 1tr\i i''2^n 
d^r;i'7Kn ''.ySJ^peradventure it will 
please God "Num.23,27. 

Pi. 1^] , IB*; (fut. IB*:: , once 
"iWll 2Chr.32,30 for IBf^p: pt IBf^D) 
1) to make straight, to make even 
n^i?P naniril nB*: make straight 
in the desert a highway Is.40,3; 
"^Wlt^. d^nn: and I will make the 
uneven places straight Is.45,2; of 
moral conduct: 'q''jDn"lN IB*!'; N^IHI 
and he shall make straight thy 
paths Pr.3,6; as adv.: HJUn &''i} 
l^il'^fl) a man of understanding 
walketh straight (i. e. uprightly) 
Pr.15,21.— S) to direct or lead, 
as an aqueduct 2Chr.32,30; poet. 
of the thunder: D^Of n-':'|-nnn 
''i^Hv! he directeth it under the 
whole heaven Jb. 37, 3. — 3) to 
esteem right, to approve h^ JS"'??? 
''Jrif 1 ''2 "'l^pS therefore do I es- 
teem all thy precepts in all things 
as right Ps.119,128. 

Pu. 1W\ (pt. If :i?) to be made 
even, to ^e fitted "■"IB'-'D ant nSXI 

■ T ■; : TT T - ; 

'^[?.n?D">'y and covered them witl; 

T T 



gold fitted upon the carved work 

Hiph. T'S'iri a. T'B'in (fut I'lB':: ; 
«»»p. I^in) i^ to make straight or 
even T1311 ''JS^ -|B*^n make thy 
way straight before my face Ps. 
5,9. — 2) to keep a straight di- 
rection Ti'^ersyi itD''3i ndjS q'^ry 

'^?.ik iT'?^''.! ^®' *^^i°® ^y^^ ^°°^ 

right forward, and let thine eye- 
lids keep a straight direction be- 
fore thee Pr.4,25. 
^^"^ (c. T^l ; pi. D^.B*^. , c. n?*^. ; f. 

'nna''; , jjL niia*p adj. i) straight, 

even" r\'\^\ Sj.l bn/J^Jll and their 
feet were straight Ez.1,7; D1I!''2^S 

nnins<"'7f< na'K niiE*'' their, wings 

straight, the one toward the other 
V. 23; "1^^; T1^^3 ... □5''^iN I will 
cause them to walk in a straight 
way Jer.31; f.g. prosperous tJ>i?.57 
H'la'l Till I^SD to request from 
liim (God) a prosperous journey 
Bzr.8,21.— 2) right, upright, just, 
righteous Itj; ^^5^"'"l« ^^D. is 
thy heart right?,15; IVn'^itS 
''^. good and upright is the Lord 

Ps.25,8i nf ; Dl^n-n^ ^''i^^'il "2?? 

God hath made man upright Ec. 
7,29; TM^^ 1^1'^ thou hast been up- 
right {hone7t1 IS.29,6; '!\'y:f(t\ 
one that is upright in the way 
Pr.29,26; as a n.: that which is 

right '' \''. ??. ^7 "Ifr ^ ^^^® P®""' 
verted that which was right Jb. 
33,27; pi. C^a?': as n.: upright 
men nXI-Ss? Dn.f; iat!>; upright 
men shall be astonished at this 

Jb.17,8; n^ri isr D''1|'''] and up- 
right ones with him; thus shall 
he do Dan. 11, 17 (others: he shall 
make peace with him, taking 
nnty'' in the sense of DHf ?3 , 
which see)i c. i'7"''1B>'. the upright 
in heart Ps. 7, 11.— 2) right, 
good, pleasing (particularly with 

V.''??3) ^I'^rra ~if >3i aiiaa as it 

seemcth good and right in thine 
eyes (unto thee) Jo8.9,25; asaw.; 
that which is right or pleasing 
nt2>r'' I'^jiya 1B>'n !i>\*<' every man 
did that which was right (pleas- 
ing) in his own eyes Jud.17,6.— 
The word "Iw^ in "IBJ^H IgD Jos. 
10,13 a. 2S.1,18 is difficult; accord- 
ing to Syriac and Arabic ver- 
sions = y'fT\ ngp the book of 
■^fj,"! pr. n. m. 

!'&''' («A ^1''''') ««■ 1) straightness, 

... I . T 

uprightness, righteousness nilTIN 
HBf'' Ihe paths of irprightne^s Pr. 
2,13; T^"'"''in« words of righte- 
ousness' Jb.6,25; ntf;D']N'^ Ti^in^ 
to show unto man his upright- 
ness 33,23 (Stb.: his duly to be 
honest).— 8) that which is proper, 
due, necessary T]b* "i;"'"!? T]tl'ni 
"iDnD? and there is one that 
withholdeth more than is proper, 
and still cometh only to want Pr. 

11,24.— 3) as adv.; nai n^i;'' 3in:5 

rilOK and that which was written 
down uprightly, even words cf 
truth Ec;12,10. 
'TNISJ'^ i""- '"'■ Israel, the' name given 



to the patriarch Jacob Gen.32,29; 
'^*J"]^1 \j? tlie children of Israel, 
1. 6. the Israelite people Ex. 1,1, 
for which sometimes simply '^N^iJ'^. 
5,2; 'jsnifl nS 'be land of Israel, 
i. e. Palestine 18,13,19, for which 
simply ':iN'1ti': Is.l9,24;g'ent. ''hsit?! 
an Israelit'e' 28.17,25, f. r\'h^yiy?\ 
fI<X12'*"' pr. n. m. 1 Chr. 25, 14 = 
n'?S'1trN V.2. 

Ti" : — ; 

mty^ (c. n'lB')) f. uprightness, hon- 
esty OjS rrVi^l uprightness of 
heart IK.3,6. 

^!|'l^*^ m. poetical name for the 
people of Israel Deut.33,5. 

Jt'ti'"' ace. Stb. to shrink, to be 
wrinkled, hence {£'"'2'^ . 

B'Sy"' (= ^''^'^ ) m. old man, one 
greyheaded 2Chr.36,17. 

IDtt'tS''' (contracted from "I3f m'', 
and read ISS'!) i"". n. Issachar, 
the fifth son of Jacob by Leah 
Gen. 30,18, ancestor of the tribe 
of that name Jos.19,17. 

n* Ch. isf. ]inn;) sign of the ac- 
cusative case (== Heb. n^); "'T 
jinr^ ri'^JD whom thou hast set 
Dan 3,12. 

an; Ch. (= Heb. ae*; -, pt. pi. m. 

f^n^) 1) to sit Dan.7,9.— 2) to 

dwell Ezr.4,17. 
Aph. 3nin to set, to cause to 

dwell )i;zr.4,10. 
in' to pierce into, to stick in, 

whence in' . 

nn^ (c. nn^ ; pi. nino: , c. ninn;) m. 
i^ peg, nail, pin n^ipriH njTjrr 
pKJ. DipDa the nail that is fast- 
ened in the sure place Is.22,25j 
^nxn nn^ the nail (pin) of the 
tent Jud.4,21.— 2) shovel, spade 

^j.L'^r'^JZ ^. n.jnn nn;i and thou 

Shalt have a spade upon thy weapon 
Deut. 23, 14. — 3) fig. a fastening, a 

hold itinp^nipaa nn; 1J^ nn^i and 

to give us a nail (1. e. to fasten 
us) in his holy place Bzr. 9, 8; 
poet, as a figure of a ruler: 1JJ?!? 

I^T ''■2'?'? '""I? °"'' °^ ^^^ Cometh 
forth the pillar, out of him the 
nail Zch.10,4. 

DW (from on''; pi. D''Din^) m. 


prop, to be forsaken, hence: or- 
phan, one without a father or pro- 
tector Ex.22,21; Ps.10,18; Jb.6,27, 

"n^in'' m. what is espied, sought out 

(from iin) n5?-ip onn iin^ what 

is espied by him on the moun- 
tains is his pasture Jb.39,8 (Eng. 
Bible: the range of the moun- 
tains ib his pasture). 

nn'' Ar. nni to beat with a club, 
whence nnin . 


T'n^jpj-. n. a city in the moun- 
tains of Judah south of Hebron 
Jos. 15,46 etc , now called Attir. 

y?\l Ch. {def. f^lW) adj. exceed- 
ing, extraordinary Dan.2,31; 5,14; 
f. SlS adv.: very, exceedingly n^^n"? 
n^W exceedingly dreadful Dan, 




ri7r\\ pr. n. a place in Dan Jos. 

on'' to be alone, forsaken, whence 

□in;.— Dn>; Ps.19,14 belongs to 


nXSn'' pr, n. m. 

Ifl^ Ar. |m to be constant, to en- 
dure, whence ]r!^"- 

]3n) pr. n. a city in Judah Jos. 


'nri'' 1) to Jinot, to bind.— 2) to 

stretch, to extend {Kal not used). 
Niph. inii (/•«(. *inV,, ap. IW ; 

pi. inij,!??. Dnr!ij,V. n^nii'jjj. 

niinij) to remain, to be left; of 
persons: DB> ''rTlDiJ ''Ji<I and I re- 
mained there Dan.10,13; apyiinVJ 
iliS and Jacob was left alone 
Gen.32,25; of things: Ss iniJ-N'?] 
p'l.^and there remained not any 
green thing Bx.10,15; with D of 
the thing of which a part re- 
mains: □"'N^sn -i^sa inr ns if 

ought of the "flesh of the consecra- 
tions remain Ex. 29,34; with ^inN : 
to be left after, i, e. after death 
QD'''!in!< ^"li?iJ l^-'S DOV.? their 
children that were left after them 
IK.9,21; pt. nnij , f. n"l.giJ used 
as n.: remainder, remnant, rest 
Ex.29,84; Lev.2,3, etc.; pi. D''^niJ , 
f. niiniJ remaining, those which 
remain, rest Gen.30,36; Ex.28,10. 

Eiph. l\nin (fvi. I'^^i'' , iDi'' ; 
imp. linin ; inf. T^cin , "irii'"') 1) 

io let remain, to leave, to spare. 

to preserve T'inin 1g*S f'rn nS-S| 
T13n all the fruit of the trees 


which the hail had left Bx.10,15; 

nn.B* ^ib yrm ... ;i. ■'i?^'? unless 

the Lord... had left unto us a 
remnant Is.1,9; D3^ ni^H? '';?nnini. 
D\iJI3 anq ''t?''!?? yet will I leave 
a remnant that ye may have 
some that shall escape the sword 
among the nations Bz.6,8; "iniri 
nniDn ''J3 preserve thou those 
that are appointed to die Ps.79, 
11.— 2) to have more than enough, 
to leave in abundance yij'B'l "712^ 
lOi'll there hath been enough to 
eat, and to leave in abundance 
2Chr.31,10; tr. to give abundance 

^X n5i>yi5 '733 ^^d'^^. ;''. ^TCii'11 

and the Lord thy God shall give 
thee abundance in every work of 
thy hand Deut. 30, 9. — 5; to be 
more than another, to excel, to 
have preference over iniri'^K 
thou shalt not excel Gen. 49,4. — 
For "in;Pr. 12, 26 see lin. 

"IfT" a. Ifli'" prop. pt. of in; , hence: 
1) m. rest, remainder "Ijni'H'ngil 
''jPID.H and the rest we have de- 
stroyed IS. 15, 15; also: pre-em- 
inence, advantage, gain irii''"nD 
7''p3n"|P D3n7. what advantage 
hath the wise over the fool? Be. 
6,8 (Bng. Bible: what hath the 
wise more than the fool). — 2) 
adv. over, too much, more 'b^ 
nni^ D.inriri make not thyself over 
wise Bc.7,16; tS ''^K ''Jll?3n Hsh 
IfJ'' and why was 1 then more 




wise? 2,15; HfinD inil and more 
than these 12,12. 

in\ I. (from nn; i; sf. nn: , nnn^. -, 

pj. D'''iri^) m. 1) rope, cord, thread 
Jud.16,7; fig. Q2 Q-^r\\ VOi their 
thread of life is torn in them Jb. 
4,21.— 3) string of a bow Uji3 
"'0?."''?? D5fn they make ready their 
arrow upon the string Ps.11,2. — 
3) rein nri3 nn^. he hath 1st loose 
my rein (others: my cord) Jb. 30,11. 
in"' II. (from nn'' 2; once T n ■> Is. 

viv ^ ■' ■ 

56, 12; sf. nnn^.) 1) remainder, 
remnant, rest ^nijB* '^O!'. *ihe 
remainder of my years Is. 38, 
10; n6h^? 1151 IK <^he rest of the 
acts of' Soioraon IK.11,41; "IQl 
naiKH that which is left by the 
locust Jo. 1,4; m hSdn Dinil but 
the remnant of them the fire con- 
sumeth Jb. 22, 20; D'ln': inijm 
QD\'i . ^J'? and they leave the rest 
of their substance to their babes 
Ps.17,14. — 2) preference, excel- 
lence t^ lii:;. nm IK the excel- 
lence of dignity, and the excel- 
lence of power Gen 49,3; HINrxS 
"in"' nS2> '7aj'7 excellent speech 
becomelh not a fool Pr.17,7; as 
aeZu .• exceedingly, very "irii'^lJril 
which became exceedingly great 


Dan.8,9; IGJ"''?? plentifully, abun- 
dantly Ps.3i,24j nxp ipi '^ini 

much more abundant Is.56,12. 
ill. pr. n. 1) = '\'^r\\ , which 

see. — 2) son of Gideon Jud.8,20. — 
5) a person mentioned in IK.2,5 
= Kini 28.17,25.— i) a person 
mentioned in lGhr.7,38 (= \^^\) 
V. 37) and others. 
Xin"' see in.': III. 3. 

T ; • 

Tnty f- abundance, riches Is. 15,7; 

c.'mn: Jer.48,36. 
IliT' pf. n, father-in-law of Moses 

Bx.1,3 = "Iffl 4,18. 
]1in^_ m. 1) preference, advantage 

ni':?Dri ]p n^^nS ]n^: wisdom 

hath the advantage over folly 
Bc.2,13.— 2) profit, gain |iinrn)3 
DIxS what profit hath a man ? 

n^ri' (from T n^) /■. prop, what is 
redundant, hence: lobe of the 
liver; fully n3|n-7?J nigi Lev. 

3,4, n?3n-]D niri'"' 9,io, also nin'' 
n^ari Ex.29,22. ' ' 

nri^ pr. n. Edomite prince Gen. 

,"3 , final form "] , the eleventh letter 
of the alphabet, called Kaph t]3 
hollow or palm of the hand, be- 
cause of its original similarity 

to that form; as a numeral 3=20, 
1 = 500. 
■3 (before Sheva 3, as 1313, tDWa? 
etc.: combined with the def. art. 




3 , as "13^3=1^^113 , Di>3 = Di'n3 
etc.; before monsyllables ,3, as 
n.{3 , n't3 , nNt3 , only once nXtS 
Gen.45,23 and in SsJS Ps.119,14; 
so also before the personal suf- 
fixes CgS, Dri3, njnS; with the 
particle Id either 3 as iD3, DOiDS , 
DniD3 , or 3 . when that particle 
is accented , as "'jitpS , 'T''03 , inill23 
etc.) adv. a. prep 1) as, like rTia 
nans clear as the sun Cant.6,10j 
3353 •'n^ r^'l'hyi and in the night 
he is as a' thief Jb.24,14; |in:?3 
'3nTn"riX as gold is tried Zch. 
13,^9; lij.n '711411 1313 like this 
great thing Deut.4,32; nt3 N'VJpjq 
t5'''IJt can we find a man like this 
man ? Gen.41,3S; hence nt3 , n^^'2 
such n^H3 HKl •'D nx»3 j;»f' "'P 
who hath heard such a thing? 
who hath seen such things? Is, 
66,8; also nj3, HNrS thus, so Jud. 
18,4; 28.17,15; 5 ...| as... so, as 
well... as (where two things are 
compared) DB>N3 nK|n3 as the 
sin-offering so the trespass-of- 
fering Lev. 7,7; r\)<V>. 1.^3 D33 as 
ye are, so shall the stranger be 
Num.l5,15;n™ TO^^ t« ''n3| as 
my strength was then, so is my 
strength now Jos. 14, 11; some- 
times inverted; so... as ?liD3 
riyiES so thou, as Pharaoh Gen. 
44,1*8;' (Bng. Bible: thou art even 
as Pharaoh); ni|^? "I.AI as well 
the stranger, as the native Lev. 
24,16; more fully ]?. "'5 Ps.127,4.— \ 
2) according to, after i33'?3 K'^K 
a man after his own heart IS. 

13,14; ■'piy? v. ■'j1:I?J: the Lord 
rewarded me according to my 
righteousness Ps.18,21; ]3 D31_3 
'''7''"l!<tan according as they were 
increased, they sinned against 
me Hos.4,7. — 3) about, nearly 
E>^N niK» ^^SIKI about four hun- 
dred men lK.22',6i ni'' Tl'ni? about 
a day's journey Num. 11,31; rivil.3 
rh-hr\ about midnight Ex.11,4; 
inb nSJ3 about this time to- 
morrow Bx.9,is; 35^ nn^D ri.i;|) 

about the time of the evening 
oblation Dan. 9,21; hence J^Jl.3 in 
a moment Num.l6,2l; taSJipj but 
a little Ps 2,12; also: almost 13^133 
^'7.'1 I'M my steps had almost 
slipped Ps 73,2. — Before a verb. n. 
3 signifies: a) as ^T'^Tl ??iJ| as 
the trees of the wood are moved 

is.7,2. 1) as if vana-ns; ^^•^. ei^jns 

as if the rod should swing about 
those who lift it up Is. 10,15. 
c) as, when \>n)l ">'^'^V. ^D?*? 
when Esau heard... he cried Gen. 
27,34; sometimes in this sense 
with a pt. ii; 3''B'P|i \1^.I and it 
came to pass as (when) he drew 
back his hand Gen. 38,29.— Joined 
to 1K?X , 3 gives that word the 
following significations: a) as one 
who nnr Whyti, l^*b*3 as one that 
comfortcth the mourners Jb. 29,25. 
I) according as ''Sx lipsn IfKJ 
according as ye shall say to me 
Gen.34,12. c) as, like as n|.V If N.3 
D''ri'?N* inJ< as God had commanded 
him Gen. 7,9; HJb'KlS If t?.3 as at 
the first Jos.8,16. d) as if, as 



though n;|ni< "irii;n nb i^ns i 

should be as though I had never 
been Jb. 10,19. e) for, because 
i§ nO''']1? If S5 for ye rebelled 
against my commandment Num. 
27,14. f) as soon as 'h^ ^ni: 1B'N3 
i^AD^D as soon as be came nigh 
unto the camp Ex.S2,19. g) when, 
if ■'niON •'P113N ■)B'N| when I 
perish,' I perish Est.4,16. |3 ...If «3 
as... so Num.2,17: ls.31,4, etc. 

"3 Ch. adv. (same as Heb.) 1) as, 
like Dan.7,9i HJIJ such thing Dan. 
2,10 (=r Heb. nNt3).— 2) about, 
nearly Dan.6,1. — '"IS see "'I 

iN3 (M- i«?! ; p*. ixis, jp^- Crisis) 
to have pain, to be sore, to suffer 
ax?: Vhv 11^:? his flesh upon him 
shall have pain Jb. 14,22; ijr ^JNJ 
iXi3J but I am poor and suffer- 
ing Ps.69,30; ni3N.i3 Drii''n3 when 
they were sore Gen.34,25. 

Hiph. ^''N^n (fut. 3"'l<?: , pi. 2 
lasari ; pt. i3^S^n ; ew/". 3^X30) to 
cause pain, to wound, to make 
sad trarjiy JiND: ><^n he woundeth 
and binde'th up Jb.5,18; ^h iJN 
VMNSn I have not made him sad 
Bz.i3,22; Ols'pD f ip a painful thorn 
28,24; fig. to spoil, to mar, to de- 
stroy UNDO niijsn npjpnn h'2) 

D^J3K3 and ye shall mar every 
good field with stones 2K.3,19. 
3N3 (sf. ""^H?) «*• pain, suffering, 
sorrow iS iNS sorrow of heart 
Is.65,l4i &^:^ iN3 desperate sor- 
row 17,11. 

nK3 (akin to nnS) prop, to be weak, 
hence: to be bowd down {Kcd not 

Niph. nN3j (pt. ns?J , c. n«3;i) 

to be bowed down, broken, grieved 
Dan. 11,30) 33^. nN^J the broken 
in heart Ps.l09,l6. 

Hiph. n^^n (inf. niN3n) to break, 
to grieve Bz.13,22. 
nX3 adj- only pi. D''^3 troubled, 
wretched Ps. 10,10 Kri (acc. Etib 
D"'K3':n ; see n3^n). 

*1X3 to pierce; only pret. pi. i^t}! 

Ps.22,17 for nN3 (= 113). 
ISS'XS see under "5. 

T^l (3 f.^ nn33; once 133 Is.24, 
20; fid. n35I; m/l 133) prop, to 
become thick, hence: 1) to be 
heavy, weighty 133''. CDl "^iriD 
it would be heavier than the sand 
of the sea Jb.6,3; with hv : a) to 
be heavy upon Ps.32,4; Is.24,20. 
h) to be burdensome Neh.5,l8; 2S. 
13,25; with "^K: to be heavy against 
IS.31,3.— 2) to be dull m33 xb 
SJDtS'p iJtg neither is his ear too 
heavy (i. e. dull) for hearing Is. 
59,1; of the eyes: to become dim 
]pjt? 1133 S«ni?l '>j;y the eyes of 
Israel were dim for age Qen.48, 
10; of the heart: to be hardened 
ilJ'IB 3S n3p;j and the heart of 
Pharaoh was hardened Bx.9,7.— 
5) to be important, honored, glo- 
rified ^T ^h\ 11JJ 11331 his sons 
come to honor, but he knov;eth 
it not Jb.14,21; ;^. 133; let the 



Lord be glorified Is.66,5; ''n??^:! 
CI?! ^2^ 1J<I? and thou wast very 
glorious in the midst of the seas 
Ez.27,25 (others: and thou wast 
very rich etc.; see def. 4). — 4) to 
be heavy (in the sense of abun- 
dance), to be rich Mip n^S DnjK] 
anOI f]B55 njpaa and Abram was 
very rich in cattle, in silver, and 
in gold Gen.13,2. 

Niph. n35J (fut. -i5^)]pt. 122^ , 
pi. Dn|54 ,' c. ■'lapj , V- ?''P?^ a. 
once Da''n|?i Ps. l49,8, 'pi. f. 
ni^|?^; mf. "n33n) i) to be hon- 
ored, esteemed, glorified, to en- 
joy honor rni?? "'J''??? ^IpV ^l^oi 
hast been precious in my sight, 
thou hast been esteemed Is,43,4; 
riJ?"lS3 nn3|Kl and I will be hon- 
ored upon Pharaoh Ex.14,4; "7SJ 
n5|S nim-bs \JS before all the 
people I will be glorified Lev.10,3; 
Tirji^? atJ>1 naari enjoy the honor 
and abide at home 2K.14,10 (Stb.: 
act honorably, decorously) ; pt. 
-i22i honorable Gen.34,19; pi. f. 
nlnaaJ glorious things Ps.87,3.— 
2) To" 'abound "^3?^ m^V'Q ?«? 
D'D when there were no foun- 
tains abounding in water Pr.8,24. 

Fi. nai {,fut. 122) ; inf. a. imp. 
-133) 1) to honor '^'?«"rit| HSI 
honor thy father Ex.20, 12; T]^n3p 
''Jfl'133 lih neither hast thou hon- 
ored me with thy sacrifices Is. 
43,23; with h : 'Tl'Qfh n?3''l and 
they shall honor thy name Ps. 
m,9—2) to harden naDH nsS 

D335^"nN wherefore doye harden 
your hearts IS.6,6. 

Pu. "lai {fut. na?^) to be honor- 
ed, esteemed "la?'! nnain '-\t^) 
and he that regardeth reproof 
shall be honored Pr.13,18. 

Siph. n^aan (fut. T'aa:, ap. 
n a a: ; jjt n'aan ; imp. naan ; inf 

laan , cTaan).— i; to make heavy 

(with hv) iND ^hv ^laan ] p.r'72: 

for the aged hast thou made tiiy 
yoke very heavy Is.47,6; IT'aan 
Crn',?; they have made very 
heavy for the people Neh.5,15; 
of the ears: to make dull l^^t^l 
Taan and make [ye] his ears dull 
Is.6,10; of the heart: to harden 
ia'? TaaMand he hardened his 
heart Bx.9,34. — 2) to make nu- 
merous n^v: nh] cfinaanj and 

I will make them numerous, and 
they shall not be made few in 
number Jer.30,19 (Eng. Bible: I 
will also glorify them, and they 
shall not be small). — 3) to ac- 
quire renown or glory 7\IA^i^ 
TiaanS TJI'? and thy heart hath 
lifted thee up to acquire renown 
2Chr.25,19 (Eng. Bible: thine heart 
lifteth thee up to boast). 

mthp. laann (pt. naaoa) i) to 

make oneself many, to be nu- 
merous nnxa naann pSja laann 
make thyself many as the canker- 
worm, make thyself many as the 
locusts Nah.3,15. — 2} to honorone- 
self, to strive after honor nl^pj a'D 

QnS"iDDi laanisia 'h nas?i better 

Is he that is lightly esteeiiied 




who hath a servant, than he that 
striveth after honor, and lacketh 
bread Pr.12,9. 

122 11. (c- 151 a. njg ; pi. Q''']5? , 

•■X • * ' * 

c. ^1.33) adj. 1) heavy, weighty 
■'ilSD 'n^D'' nan «a>D3 as a heavy 
burden they are too heavy for 
me Ps.38,5; hence also: heavy, 
hard, difficult "iaT.n TlJpp 133 this 
thing is too heavy for thee Ex. 
18,18.— 2) burdened, laden DjJ 
]iy n53 a people laden with ini- 
quity Is. 1,4. — 3) great, numerous 
133 7\n a great army Is. 36,2. — 
4) heavy, diffloult n3?1 Hg 13? 
litl'"; heavy (i. e. dull) of speech, 
and heavy of tongue Ex. 4,10; 
\wh ^33 ... ny a people of a 
heavy (difficult) tongue Ez.3,5. 

122 in. (sf. ^133) m. the livei Lev. 
3,4; lig. ''n33 J'In';: TlE'f J my liver 
is poured upon the earth (an ex- 
pression for great mental suffer- 
ing) Lam. 2,11. 

'^22 {= 1^33) m. abundance 133 
mno ''73 '7313 an abundance of 
all precious vessels Nah.2,10. 

122 i^' 1) heaviness, weight 133 
|3i< a stone hath heaviness Pr. 

27,3 2) multitude, heap "iJg 15*3 

a heap of carcasses Nah. 3, 3. — 
3) violence nDn;D 133 violence 
of war Is. 21, 15. — 4) thickening 
nNB'P 133 the thickening of ris- 
ing smoke Is. 30,27. 

s\22 (fi*t. n33^) to go out, to be 

T T 

quenched (of fire or light) Lev. 

6,6; Pr.31,18; fig. of wrath 2K.22, 
17; ^33 nnC'ES they are quenched 
as a wick Is.43,17. 

Pi. ,133 i^fut. n?y i inf. ni3|) tt' 
quench, to extinguish (a light) 
2Chr.29,7; Is.42,3; fig. of love Cant. 
8,7; of life: TjniS?? when I shall 
put thee out Ez.32,7; of hope: iih] 

hHi^\ iJ-n^ n|3n that thou 

quench not the light of Israel 2S, 
21,17; proverbially: •'i^Sm nJ< 133? 
they will extinguish my coais 
(i. e. they will destroy my last 
offspring, 2S.14,7. 

1)22 (c. 1135 a. 13? ; sf. ■'Ii33 a, 
''ipS, Dli33) m. 1) honor, glory, 
splendor l'i33 D^ Iti'J^ riches and 
honor IK.3,13; rua* B>"inS 1131 
3''lt? it is honor for a man to 
cease from strife Pr.20,3; ^1 1133 
the glory of God, Bz.3,12;' Tj^lj 
11331 the king of glory Ps.24,7; 
|iJ3|n 113? the glory (splendor) 
of Lebanon Is. 35,2; fig. of the soul 
Gen.49,6i Ps.l6,9.— 2) abundance, 
wealth il^'l? 1133 the abundance 
of his riches Est.5,11; .1311""!^ 
1ni3 li3|i when the wealth of his 
house is increased Ps.49,l7. 

n^liS 1) aclj f. ;5lorious, splendid, 
stately ni133 l^D a stately bed 
Ez.23,41; ID^:^ n1?"'15,n5133-^| 
the king's daughter is all glorious 
within Ps.45,14.— .3; as a n.: pre- 
cious things, wealth Jud. 18,21 
(=: li33 2). 

y>[22 pr. n. 1) a city in Asher Jos. 
19,27.— 2) a district of GalUed 



comprising twenty cities IK.9,13. 

Jl53 pr- «• a city in Judah Jos. 
15,40 = «J35a lChr.2,49. 

T'aa {pi. n''"]"'33) adj. great, mighty, 
strong 1''3| ':« God is mighty Jb. 
36,5; Tiai nn a strong wind 8,2; 
D^T'33 DID mighty waters Is. 17, 
12; D^p; Tl'-aXD T'SS greater than 
thy father in age Jb. 15,10; as 
adv.: much iT HKVD T'SD "lai and 
because my hand had gotten 
much Jb.31,25; 1''33 «i'' incon- 
siderable Is.16,14; once 1''3N3 Is. 
10,13 (ace. some fo 1''3K3 , see 

'I''i2 w. quilt, mattress (others: 
pillow) D''TiJn "l^i| the mattress 
of goat's hair IS. 19,13. 

733 to bind, to wind around. 

^33 m. bond, fetter; i??. c. "^I.ia ""ij?! 
fetters of iron Ps.U9,8. 

D33 (only 2)t. D3i3) prop, to tread, 

- T 

to trample, hence: to wash, to 
full Daia nna* the fuller's field 
2K.18,17 a. Is.7,3. 

Pi. D3?, D55 (At*. Dio;; ^i. 
035?) to wash, to full, to cleanse 
(clothes) Ex.19,10, Lev.11,25, etc.; 
pet., ityjS i;i3 D35 he washed his 
garments in wine- (a figure of 
fullness) Gen.49,11; lig. to purify 
(in a moral sense) '^^W. '':D|3 T\J] 
wash (purify) me thoroughly from 
mine iniquity Ps.51,4; nV'T.D ''p4l3 
?]aS wash (purify) thy heart from 
wickedness Jer.4,14. 


Pm. D35 to be washed h)mi D3?^ 
and it shall be washed with watev 

Hothp. D3|n (for D33nn) to be 
washed, purified D3|n ''Ti.n.t? after 
that it is washed Lev. 13,55. 

J?33 tt3 be high, to be hill-shaped- 
hence J?3i3 a belmet. 

^33 1) to stretch, hence T'ai , T'33 . 
m33 . — 2) to bind together, to 
plait, hence n|133 (B/rf not used). 
Hiph. li^DH (fwt. 113?:: ; ^jt 
1''33D) to make many, to multi- 
ply "l''331]^i'Dhe multipUelh words 

*133 I- (from "133 1) prop, length, 
extent, hence: adv. long ago, al- 
ready D^pSi:?'? r\in 133 it hath 
been already of old time Ec.1,10, 

133 ll- i"". '«■ a river in Mesopo- 

T : 

tamia Bz.1,3 = "lUn , which see, 
ni33 (from 133 2) f. a sieve Am. 

m33 (from 133 1; c. Dl??) f. 

length, extent ""VA ni33 extent 

of land, i. e. dist<j.nce Gen.35,16r 

a*33 I. (ftit. ti>i33^ ; pt. ^'£2 ; inf. 

- T 

B'iJJ) prop, to tread down, tc 
trample Uipon, hence: 1) to sub- 
due, to subject, to oppress, to 
suppress n?*^?? ri-^?"'"'? ''^'i''? 
fill the earth and subdue it Gen, 

1,28; 02h nvnS nnK 11^33^1^ 

ninSB^Sl CnSSj'z'and ye have sub- 
jected them to be unto you for 
servants and handmaids jAr.34. 




16; :^^p:''A?« 1ti*?31 and they shall 
subdue the sling-stones (a figure 
of the heathen) Zch.9,15; tl'3?^. 
lynijiy he win suppress (disre- 
gard) our iniquities Mic.7,19. — 
2) to force, to do violence tt'iaa'p 
naSan'n^ to do violence to the 
queen Est.7,8. 

Niph. tJ>35J 1) to be conquered, 
subdued, with ''ith Num.32,22.— 
2) to be brought into bondage HV.I 
nia*|?J 1J''nij3D and some of our 
daughters are brought into bond- 
age Neh.5,5. 

Pi. t!>35 to subdue 2S.8,11. 

Hiph. ty''3?;i (fut. ^''221) to sub- 
due Jer.34,11 (Ktib). 
^iJ II. to burn, to be hot, whence 

^22 (from ^22 1) m. footstool 

ty^^ to be tame, meek. 

t^iS (pl- ^''^22) m. young sheep, 
lamb inJf"|3 ^^8■ti'55 iamb of 
iKe first year Num. 7,15; D'^B'^J 
nJ^ \J3 lambs of the first year 
7,17 (by transposition sometimes 

ni2>a5 a. nE>.?3 (c. m^2 ; pi. T\^22, 
c. n{J*5?) f- ewe lamb, young 
female sheep Num.6,U; 28.12,3; 
\A'in m2,2 ewe lambs of the 
flock Gen.21,28 (by transposition 
sometimes ri3B>3). 

(51*32 (from tt*3D II.) m. oven, 
furnace Gen.19,28. 

13 (sf- n^.5 ■) pl- 0^15) w. vessel, 

pitcher Gen.24,H; IK.17,14, etc. 
3^2 Ch. to lie, to tell falsehoods 

(= Heb. 212). 
a"l3 Ch. {def. K^l? ; f. Han?) adj 

lying na"]? n^D lying wordi 

"ni 1) to deepen, to hollow, whence 

1|. — 2) to sparkle, whence iSISi 
na see 1!! . 
''13 Ch. see "'T . 

"iSlS »»• a sparkling gem (prob. 
carbuncle) HlDti'??' isni iri!p2>1 
I will make of carbuncles thy 
battlements Is.54,12 (Bng. Bible; 
1 will make thy windows of 

l^nS m. circle, ball Is.22,18 (3 gen- 
erally regarded as prefix, the 
word being "IH; see IH II.). 

T72 1) to circle, to make a round 
motion, whence "1113.— 2) to be 
disturbed, troubled, whence "|i1^5 . 

lO'l^/TTS pr. n. king of Elam Gen. 

(13 adv. so, thus TIJJI.L n)T\\ ri3 so 
shall thy seed be Gen.15,5; 92 
T. 10X thus saith the Lord Jer. 
2,2; rl3? ... ri33 in this manner... 
in that manner IK.22,20.— 2) here, 
there ri3"iy to that place, yonder 
Gen.22,5; ri3 ... 113 here... there, 
this side ... the other side Num. 
11,31; ,131 ns hither and thither 
Ex.2,12.— 3) now ri3"iy hitherto, 
until now Bx.7,16; flS'llJI ri3-nJJ 

il^ 285 

in the mean time, meanwhile 
(prop, till now and till then) IK. 

nS Ch. f=Heb. riS) adv. here nS'lSJ 
Nn^p-"'! NSiD hitherto is the end 
of the matter Dan.7,28. 

nns (fut. nr\y. \ inf. rins) i) to be 

faint, dim, feeble, of the eyes: 
r\ir\J^ Vrr ^rgPini and his eyes 
were dim, so that he could not 
see Gen.27,1; ^^"5? B>y3l? nDnimine 
eye is dim by reason of sorrow 
Jb.17,7.— 2) to be dispirited, to 
despond pi; nSi. nns^ ^^ he shall 
not despond, nor be discouraged 

Pi. nna p ins -Z) to be pale, dim 
yji.n nn3 ^e plage is pale Lev. 

i3,'6.- ,' to be faint 'h^ nnna^ 

nil ar every spirit shall be 
faint e2i.21,12.— 5) tr. to rebuke 
n| inp nSi and he rebuked (Bug. 
Bible: restrained) them not IS. 

r\n?_ if. r^n"?. , pi- nins) adj. dim, 

faint, pale (of light, color and 
eyesight) nn3 nn^'g a dimly 
burning wick Is.42,3; nins nnn| 
nija^ spots, pale and white Lev. 
13,39; nin? ibnn Vry his eyes 
began to be dim IS.3,2; fig. nn 
nna a faint spirit Is.6I,3. 

nnS /■- alleviation, healing i^^lrp^; 
T|'ia2>7 there is no healing for 
thy breach (wound) Nah.3,19. 

]n3 (from |13 to stand) to stand 


by, to assist, to minister {Kdl 
not used). 

Pi. in? (fut. ]T\2\ ; mf. |n3 , sf. 
^^ni) .y to minister, to act as a 
priest Bx.81,10; Deut.10,6.— 2)iig. 
to deck, to adorn "INS \r\T, ]nn| 
as a bridegroom decketh himself 
with ornaments 18.61,10. 
)rl3 (prop. i)« of |n|; ^I. DiJd3, 
c. 1JG3; sf. pJ. TjiiaS, V^rjS, 
Dn^Jiji) m. i^ minister, priest 
^l ]fJ3 the priest of the Lord 
IS. 14,3; X^'hV. ^^) ]ti'2 the priest 
to the most high God. 14,18; '',3l!3 
niD2n the priests of the high 
places IK. 13,2) among the Hebrews 
the priests were of the tribe of 
Levi, wherefore Djljll D'^^flSn the 
priests the Levites Kz.44,15; the 
Hebrew High Priest was called 

Sin^o ]ii3L!Lev.2],io, niB'sn ]f73n 

the anointed priest 4,3, or jJiS 
B>Nin the chief priest 2Ghr.l9,ll; 
the next in dignity was called 
np.!?*)?!! |(i3 the second priest Jer, 
52,24.— 2) chief, ruler ''7-n\n3 
|iiD7l DnS and be unto me a father 
and a ruler Jud.17,10 (ace. Kim- 
chi: a counsellor); CJda nn V.^l 
V'Q and David's sons were chiefs 
2S.8,18, for which in the parallel', 
passage in lChr.18,17: Tir^Jn^ 
n^^n ll'? QiJitTKin and the soiii? 
of David were the first at th;; 
side of the king. 

ins Ch. r=Heb. |ri3 ; def. N^n3) w.. 
priest Ezr.7,12; pi. def. X^jns Bzi- 
6,9 etc. 

ni~2 286 

nin2 (c. njri? ; pi. niS^I?) f- priest- 
hood, priest's office Num. 3, 10; 

^2 Ch. (p?. l''ll) m. window Daii.6,11. 

^"13 dn n. a country near Egypt 
and Ethiopia (ace. some = J1J 
Nubia) Ez.30,5. 

> Il3 , ^ V§i3 (from yJD ; c. J^5i3 ; 

jjZ. ' n^V^liS) w. helmet IS.17,5; Jer. 
ri"12) to burn (^a? not used).;: (futm'') to bo burned, 
scorched ri.1|0 ^^' ty^!"iC3 Tji^ri ''3 
when thou walkest through the 
Are thou shalt not be burned Is. 
43,2; Pr.6,28. 

mi (=Syr. n3) to puff, to pant; 
fig. to exert oneself, whence n3 . 

"'^12 (from nj|) f. burning, burn, 
scar Ex.21,25. 

1^13 (c. 53i3; pi. 013313, c. ''a?i3) 
i; star a)mn ^a^iS the stars of 
the heaven Gen.22,17; Iga i33i3 
the morning stars Jb.38,7; U3i3 
f]]?} the stars of the twilight 
(evening stars) 3,9; fig. of a great 
prince OpyiD 3313 TlIT there shall 
come a star out of Jacob Num. 
24,17.— 2) ace. Stb.: pr. n. of a 
godhead Am. 5,26. 

7^3 (i)ret. "^I) to measure, to hold, 
to comprise f'lKH ^ZV ^"hf^ ^31 
and comprised in a measure the 
dust of the earth Is.40,12. 

Pi. redupl. ''S'tS (fut. h^hy ■ pt. 
'73^30; inf. bsfs) 1) to hold, to 


contain, to comprise tO DiD|*n 
?]l7373i the heavens cannot con- 
tain thee IK.8,27. — S) to main- 
tain t3|:|>p? 1''^3'7 h;i?y he will 
maintain his cause with justice 
Ps.112,5 (Eng. Bible: he will guide 
his affairs with discretion). — 5^ to 
sustain, to bear, to endure nn 
in^no ^2hy ^^i} the spirit of a 
mail will sustain (bear) his in- 
firmity Pr.18,14: '73'-3 irivs;'?: I 
was weary with enduring Jer.20, 
9. — 4) to sustain, to support, to 
provide, with accus. CVh ch^hy^ 
DJDI and. he provided them with 
bread and water IK.18,4. 

Pu. 7373 to be furnished with 
provisions lli.20,27. 

Hiph. '?''3n I fut. h'^y ; inf. h'^^T}) 
1). to hold, to contain n3 U\^^ 
713^ it contained two thousand 
baths IK. 7,26; '7''3np |i£D|T too 
little to hold 8,64.— 2) to bear, 
to endure, to abide h^yi "'0\s'7J 

I am weary with enduring Jer. 6, 

II (comp. Jer.20,9); ^^^y iDI and 
who is able to abide it? Jo 2,11; 
T3n'7 nsi.i; more than one can 
endure Bz.23,32 (others: contain- 
ing much). 

Tp^3 (from t»3) m. prop, globule, 
hence: head, a string of beads, 
a neck-lace Bx.35,22; Num.31,50 
(Eng Bible: tablets). 

|13 I. to stand upright or firm, 
whence |3, ]13i3 (Zfrf not used). 
Niph. \^(,fut. X^y;pt. \^^,pl. 
QiJi3^ . f nji3; , imp. jiSH) 1) to 



be firm, established TNO T]«p3 pj 
thy throne is established of old 
P8.93,2; misj naSpani and the 
kingdom was established IK. 2,46; 
Di»n parns? until the day be 
established, fixed (i. e. unto per- 
fect day-light) Pr.4,18; DigK ntV 
ivh |i3J:i the lip of truth will be 
established (firm) for ever Pr. 
12,19.— 2) to be determined ]iOJ 
D-ri'^tiin DSJD in'in the thing is 
determined (Eng. Bible; estab- 
lished) by God Gen 41,32.— 3) to 
be ready, prepared IPS'? ]''2i njn 
be ready in the morning Ex. 34,2; 
iS li:a mh niJD inStyi and send 
portions unto them for whom 
nothing is prepared Neh. 8, 10; 
D''P2a> n''V^'z 1Ji3Jjudgments(pun- 
ishments) are prepared for the 
scorners Pr, 19, 29; 'ni^J^f: pSH 
T|^^-.i<. be prepared to meet thy 
God Am.4,12.— 4) right, faith- 
ful p3J on a right spirit Ps51, 
12 (others; a firm spirit); 037 
IDV ]i3J"K'' their heart was not 
right (faithful) with him Ps.78, 
37; pt. f. nji3J as n.: faithfulness 
Ps.5,10.— 5) proper niB^y.b ]i3J nS 
|3 it is not proper to do so Ex. 

Pi. p;3 {fut |Ji3: i imp. nj;i3) 
1) to set, to establish, to make 
firm iNpS tDBt?*!?!? ]p;3 he hath set 
(established) his throne for judg- 
ment Ps.9,8; n?'N: p.iS he made 
my steps firm 40,3 (Eng. Bible: 
he established my goings); PljiiS 


102{ri1 Y'i^. thou hast established 
the earth, audit abideth 119,90. — 
2) to form, to fashion U^O.'J 
nnx Q0^3 and he fashioned us 
in the same womb Jb. 31, 15 
(=>lJJ..5i3^.1).— 3) to make 
ready, to prepare, to direct, to 
aim n iJ i 3 1 1 TlTT. 'imp_ he hath 
bent his bow, and made it ready 
Ps.7,13; n'<rit?n'? p.iS I^NI as he 
aimeth to destroy Is.51,13;T|^ir)^p3 
QD''if' ''y P.i3ip when thou shal't 
direct [thy arrows] upon thy 
strings against their face Ps.21, 
13; fig. to apply one's mind, with 
h : Dr)i3S "Ij^n^ ]j;31. and apply 
thyself to the search of their 
fathers Jb.8,8. 

Pw. ]Ji3 1) to be made firm, 
established 1JJi3 13J-''ni;va "0 

T w •— ; : • t: •• 

by the Lord are the steps of a 
[good] man established Ps.37,23.- - 
2) to be formed, prepared Ez.28,13. 
Siph. ]''3n (fut. ]''y, ap. IS^n; 
imp. ]3n; inf. pH , p^H) 1) to set 
up, to establish '^iEJiD pSN 3in"l3 
when in the street I establish my 
seat Jb.29,7; nnjJD'?^ nniK ]>2Qb 
to establish it and to support it 
(of a kingdom) Is.9,6; ntt'^D psns 
D^3n'1 when Rehoboam estab- 
lished the kingdom 2Chr. 12, 1; 
hence also: to constitute, to ap- 
point ri^ab ;■: i^''3n the Lord had 
constituted him king 2S.5,12; inf. 
]3n as adv.: firm ... Q''Jd3D ^IPJ^I 
|3n and the priests stood... firm 
Jos.3,17.— 2) to set, to fix nHjiSHJ 




n''^f< ^'AfilS and set thy face 
against it Ez.4,3; with iS "• to set 
or apply one's heart nrit^ DN 
7\3h nij""?:! if thou set (apply) 
thy heart Jb.11,13; iJ^!? PJH K^tS? 
Ezra had applied his heart Bzr. 
7,10.— 3) to prepare nil V- V^^- 
the Lord hath prepared a sacri- 
fice Zph.1,7; n&O^ f:i5a pDR she 
prepareth (provideth) her meat 
in the summer Pr.6,8; \^p!l Sb) 
A]?"''/.! he hath also prepared 
for him the instruments of death 
Ps.7,14; TlS l^ni. avion stand fast 
and prepare thee Jer. 46,14. 

Eoph. pin {pt. I^ID) 1) to be 
established MB? ngns ]aim. and 
in mercy shall the throne be 
established Is. 16,5. — 2) to be 
prepared ]3in ^^t2^ for the king 
it is prepared Is.30,33; pin DID 
npnjjp Di^b the horse is prepared 
for the day of battle Pr.21,31. 

sahp. lAisnn, |p;3n (/«<. p.isn; , 

\X'^]) 1) to be established nj|in 
]SrVVi Tiy p;305 let the city of 
Sihon be built and established 

Num.2i,27;njijn3i rT'S nj^i nDsna 

]Ji3n'' through wisdom is a house 
built, and by understanding it is 
established Pr.24,3.— 2) to pre- 
pare oneself IJiiaH p'ST \yf^h^ 
without fault [of mine] they run 
and prepare themselves Ps.59,5. 

1^3 n. pr. n. a city in Syria IChr. 

18,8 = •'Hna 2S.8,8. 

j!l3 (from \\'2 , Pi. ] J.3 , Ch. ] 3.3 to 

prepare; pi. D''ll13) m. cake, 
wafer (for offerings) Jer.7,18. 
Dli (akin to nD3) to roll up, to be 

Dl3 1, (pi- riiD3) f. cup n\s'^D niy^3J 

riiobl I."!! goblets full of wine and 
cups' Jer.35,5; KffJ DiJ^IU': Di3 the 
cup of [thanksgiving for his] 
salvation will I lift up Ps.ll6, 
13; iig. portion, lot "l3y.,3 t]''.Sa D^ 
Di3 also unto thee shall the cup 
pass (i. e. also thou shalt re- 
ceive thy portion) Lam.2l,5; nni 
0013 njr? nlsySj and a glowing 
wind is the portion of their cup 
Ps. 11,6; ;■: ]''?': 013 rjiij^ Jion the 
cup (i. e. the doom) of the Lord's 
right hand shall be turned unto 
thee Hab.5^,16; of a happy lot: 
i^^J"! ''piSmy cuprunnethover23, 
5; of divine punishment: iiinn 013 
the cup of his (God's) fury is. 
51,17; n';^."ir!n Di3 the cup of 
trembling ((jr confusion) Is. ib.; 
npp?>1 ns^ 013 the cup of astonish- 
ment and desolation Bz. 23,33. unclean bird, the cormorant 
or pelican Lev.11,17, go called 
from the pouch under his throat 
(conip. D''3). 

y\2 (= ni3) to dig out, to hollow, 
hence ni>3, 113. 

"n^lS m. furnace, crucible fjDS r]1fir!3 
113 nin^ as silver is melted in 
a furnace Ez.22,22; fig. T]''ri"in3 
"'iV 'IID? I have tried thee in the 
crucible of affliction Is.48,10) of 
Egypt as the place of bondage- 




"^.niD 1^3 the iron furnace Deufc. 

nl3 see i^. 
|K*S?"113 i'»'. w. a city in Simeon 

IS.30,30; elsewhere |B?S;, which 

52^113 see ti*53. 

g?!|3 pr. n. 1) son of Ham Gen. 10,6, 
ancestor of the Ethiopians. — 
a) Ethiopia Is.18,1.— 5) a Ben- 
jaraite at the court of Saul Ps.7,1. 

^B-'Ha m. 1) gent, from tri3 2, an 
Ethiopian; f. n''B*13 Num. 12,1; ^jJ.m. 
D^;ti'13, D''a>13 Am.9,7; 2Chr.21, 
16.— 2)pr. n. father of the prophet 
Zephaniah Zph.1,1. 

^aj^3 = ti'^S pr. n. Ethiopia Hab.3,7. 

QTiya*'! W^2 pr- n. king of Meso- 
potamia Jud.3,8. 
mSi'lS (only pi. ni-||-i3) f. pros- 


perity, happiness D''"l''pK N'^SID 
nina'isa he bringeth out those 
who are bound unto happiness Ps. 
68,7 (Eng. Bible: he bringeth out 
those whichare bound withchains). 

ri^3 a. nm3 pr. n. a district of 
Assyria, whose inhabitants were 
brought by Shalmaneser into 
Samaria where they amalgamated 
with the ancient inhabitants and 
formed the Samaritan people 2K. 
17,24 a. 30; whence the latter are 
called by the Talmudists D'';i13 . 

mnl'S see ni03. 

yt2 to lie, to speak falsehood; Km 
only pt. its Ps.ll6,ll. 

Niph. 3]3J to be proved false, 
to be deceivea n|lt?J ^ph^\^^^\ his 
hope is proved false (is vain) Jb, 
41,1; of a man: to be found a 
liar n^pjl 7)3 ni?ii-|g lest he re- 
prove thee, and thou be found a 
liar Pr.30,6. 

Pi. in (fut in) ; inf. ij.3) to 
lie, to deceive, to be false 11? 
ini iih CJlDK a faithful witness 
will not lie Pr.14,5; -Uni D:itr'pi1 
'h and they lied unto him (de- 
ceive him) with their tongues Ps. 
78,36; fig. of waters which dry up, 
thus deceiving the hope ot the 
traveller: U?3r«'7 "if^. dl? NV'Oil 
VD'^D and ifke a spring of water, 
whose waters never deceive (i. e. 
never fail) Is.58,11 (comp. inX). 

Hiph, inan (fut. i-'n:) to make 
or prove one d liar ^Ji\t51 ''P 
in^a ^ah W'Sfl who win make 

• T • - : • t: 

me a liar, and render as nought 
my word Jb. 24,25. 

3T3 (pi. ci''in , c. liji , sf onnr?:' 

JM. lie, falsehood, deceit i|3 1i1 
to speak lies Dan.ll,27;n''i;3 JV^T", 
to utter lies Pr.6,19; in"'ni1 words 
of deceit, lying words 30.8; DDj?!! 
an lying divination Ez.13,7; trV 
it| a nan of deceit, a liar Pr.l9, 
22; nntl ng'7 food of deceit, de- 
ceitful food 29,3; fig. of idols Am, 
{^^T3 pr- n. a place in Judah iChr. 
4,22 =i''r3 a, 3''l?«, which see 




''212 pr. n. f. Num.2o,15. 
2''12 pr. n. a place in Judah Gen. 
38,5 = Naf3 a. aniiK , which see. 
no to be hard, cruel, whence ^j?^? . 

n*3 , ni-, (sf. "ri^ , ^ins) m. l) strength, 

- I I 

might, power Jb.6,lli Jud.16,6; 
ris n^y to retain (i. e. to have) 
strength Dan. 10,8; n3"N'7 power- 
less, he that is without strength 
Jb.26,2; fig. of the produce of the 
earth.-Gen.4,12.- ^; ability QS l-i^l 
fina niDi?7 and we are not able 
to stand without Ezr. 10, 13. — 
3) wealth, riches Dnf. ^J^SK^r]? 
TjnS lest strangers be filled with 
thy wealth Pr.5,l0. 
ins to efface, to destroy (Kal not 

Niph. nn^j (fwt. nn|v, pt. f. 

n^n?3 , fl. i-iiinaJ) l) to'^hlde one- 
self,' to be hid, with |P : IjT SdI 
Tl.^T^n ]D inarN^ no matter is hid 
from the king 28.18,13; nD?rN'7 
"l'|a ''?V^ my substance was not 
hid from thee Ps.139,15.— 2) to 
disappear, to be destroyed, cut 
off f 'n¥?"lP ^.n3rn and thou Shalt 
be cut off from the earth Ex.9,15; 
inari ninjin she that is to be 
destroyed, let her be destroyed,9. 

Pi. nn? (fut. nnap i) to hide, 

to conceal ia'T.''3ai:'nn5n '7Khide 
nothing from me Jer.38,14.— 2) to 
deny, to disown ''^m ifinn? vh 
K>'1[P I have not denied the words 
of the holy one Jb.6,10. 

inf. n^nSH) 1) to hide, to conceal 

ijltr^ nnn niTnp^ he will conceal 

it under his tongue Jb.20,12. - 

2) to cut off, to destroy TTlDnS 

T'Dtt'llT"! to cut off and to destroy 

IK. 13, k; "'Up DTIIDJ let us cut 

them off from being a nation 

Pa. 83, 5. 

<7n3 (='70n) to paint Tl.TS ^iOI 

thou paintedst thine eyes Ez.23,40. 

^T\2 to lie J fig. to fail, . to waste 

away IPf D B^na n.B>3 my flesh 

falleth of fatness Ps. 109, 24. 

Niyh. fut. m^l to feign, to flat- 
ter ril 7['yi< Wn|^ thine enemies 
shall flatter thee Deut. 33,29. 

Pi. trns (fut. ti'na) ; inf. 2>n5) 
i; to deny, with 3: IIDN"! ^''3 1B>n3 
^t1^"N^7 they have denied the Lord 
and said. It is not he Jer.5,12; 
pl^S? iiT'DSJ.a C'n31_ and he deny 
to his neighbor as to a deposit 
Lev. 5,21. — 2) to lie, to deceive 
iS 2>n5 he lied unto him IK.13,18; 

^.05 'Vjd7 1^^ niiK iiraS: nSi 

neither shall they wear a hairy 
garment in order to deceive Zch, 
13,4; fig. nrnB>l?I2 tl'n|) the labor 
of the olive deceiveth (i. e. fail- 
eth)Hab.3,17; n| ^r\y triTJ:)! and 
the new wine shall deceive her 
Hos.9,2.— 3) to submit oneself, 
to flatter '''?"1tl>nD^ 1$.A"\-3? the 
strangers shall submit themselves 
(utter flattery) unto me Ps. 18,45. 

mthp. B>n3ori {fut. tJ^njn;) same 

as Niph a. Ft. 5, to submit one- 



self, to flatter ''h IC'nSn"' 13i ''J3 
the strangers shall submit them- 
selves unto me 28.22,45 (corap, 

27113 {sf. •'tJ'ni ; pi n''pti^ , c. ■'ceni) 
1) lying, deceit DH?? ^U5^ ''P^P 
Bphraim encompasseth me about 
with lying Ho8.12,l; "ns D^^^S 
^0? ye have eaten the fruit of 
deceit 10,13; pi. sf. nn\t?n3| 7,3.- 
.s; leanness D p^^.n^nSy"? "'JDapni 
n;i?.i''iEa lu'na ^.j thou hastfl'iied 

me with wrinkles, which is a wit- 
ness against me; my loamess ris- 
eth up in me and testifleth to my 
face Jb.16,8 (Vulgate: my wrinkles 
testify against me, and he that 
speaketh lies riseth against me, 
contradicting me to my face). 

tynS adj- lying, false; only pi. D''j3 
QTn| lying children Is.30,9. 

""S I. (for ''13 , from rn|) m. mark 
burnt in, burning, burn DDD ''3 
"i^i^ burning instead of beauty 

'3 II. com/. 1) for, because KTN'nS 
"iniBV nri«-''3 yn I win fear no 
evil, for thou art with me Ps. 
23,4; ntJt D^¥'V ''? because thou 
hast done this Gen.3,14; T\Q^\ 7\i ''5 
for to thee doth it appertain Jer. 
10,7.— 2) that aitD-''? O'^i^hii. K "^ n 
and God saw that it .was good 

Gen.1,10; rij;ir''§ ri?.^. ^? ^?J« •'9 

who am I, that I should go unto 
Pharaoh? Bx.3,11.— 3) but Hh 

n\';;i':Kn ''3 ...DriN not you..., but 

God Qen.45,8; JTi?!?? ''? «'' nay, 
but thou didst laugh 18, 15. — 
4) as ...NDS-'??; DlD--p^b' '3 
^?1.r':'y "'nn pVs as I pour water 
upon the thirsty..., [so] will I pour 
my spirit upon thy seed Is.44,3; 

n'':3 'ni'75?3'' nhn3 mna brri-'-'S 

t'TT It;" t : T - ; • 

as a young man marrieth a virgin, 
[so] shall thy sons marry thee 
62,5; it sometimes corresponds 
with 1 or |3 : 3i-|3 DiSnn K| ^3 
D'<^3■^ aia biD3 ' h'lp) j;JV as a 
dream cometk through the mul- 
titude of business, so a fool's 
voice is known by the multitude 
of words Ec.5,2; n\m in3ri3 
Q2''31.1D "'3-;n. in3^ |3 ^'n«a as the 
heavens are higher than the 
earth, so are my ways higher 
than your ways Is.55,9.— S) when, 

if nn c]ph KVnoT.«n n^ "j35;n ""s 

717 nns when thou tillest the 

It t 

ground, it shall not henceforth 
yield unto thee its strength Gen. 
4,12; ifiVy ^'73 ''^ilf Ip.Q '3 when I 
kept silence, my bones wasted 
away Ps.32,3. — 6) even when, 
even if, though, although X'?! 

anj: 13 n^;?!!'':? ^1^. tiit n\'ib« nni 

Kin God led them not the way of 
the land of the Philistines, al- 
though that was near Ex. 13,17; 
in this sense also in Gen.48,14.— 
With the interrogative particle 
, ''3 emphasises the interroga- 
tion: ■'{TICK ■'30 is it that I said ? 
(did I say?) Jb.6,22; niy-B*J ''jn 
in'ij IK'S is there yet any that 
is left? 28.9,1; sometimes negative 

DN ''3 

292 t]5"'3 

ly, where an affirmative answer is 

expected:apyiiDB> Nni^''?nis nothe 
rightly named Jacob? G6n.27,36. — 
■'Sis frequently subjoined to othre 
particles, thus: i3 ]!?:, 15 "71? on 
this account that, because,' ''3"1SJ 
until that, until: i3 :3pi? , ^^ nnn 
for the reason that, because. For 
DN ''5 see in its order below; ''3 
|3 h'J see under || ; ''5 ^N , ''5 DfK 
see under f]N , DSN' . 

DS '3 a compound particle ex- 
pressing the following meanings: 
1) but ^3 TlDB* nij? IDN''. ipSJl N*? 
'rN";2>;-DK tliy name shall" be 
called no more Jacob, but Israel 
Gen.32,29; L^Sr r\)r}\ ^^S"^^ •'? tih 
nay, but we will have a king 
over us IS.8.19; ;■: iTlina-QN 1? 
iVSn but his delight is in the 
law of the Lord Ps.1,2.— 2) ex- 
cept, unless -DN ''3 ^nhm n"? 
ijriD'IS I will not let thee go, 
except thou bless me Gen. 32,27. — 
3) that Vinx •'riVl'DS* ^3 ;i ^D as 
the Lord liveth, [that] I will run 
after him 2K.5,20; so also in Jer. 
5,14.— 4) if tl'Of n Ni3 V.s'p-QN "i3 
nD1«l?-'-3 IN Dp? D^m if I taste 
bread, or ought else, till the sun 
set 28.3,35.— Where D« belongs 
to adependentclause, each particle 
retains its own meaning, as in 
the following passages: "DK "i? 

n^^ni ni5 mm r\V2 i?>'''in.Pi B*nnn 
ini< bipsi? niTn^5 iDv: for, "if 

thou hold thy. peace at this time, 
enlargemenf and delivery shall 

arise to the Jews from another 
place Est.4,14i "0^! ^3 IJ^^W ^^; 

Dps' ''pj Dr''3 ''nx Dfis*n''npp 

n?''?!? D''Jnj know ye that, if ye 
put me to death, ye shall bring 
innocent blood upon yourselves 
Jer.26,15; nn"!! HJiH DK ''3 but if 
(though) he cause grief, yet will 
he have compassion Lam. 3,32. 
y^ m. destruction Jb.21,20. 

TIT'S w. spark tJ*X ''HiT'S sparks 
of flre Jb.41,11. 

P'"I"'3 m. 1) spear, javelin Jer.6,23; 
50,42.— 2) IT'S I j.3 pr. n. a place 
between Jerusalem and D^'1^'; nnp 
lChr.13,9 = |bj in'JI 28,6,6.'^' 

*TJT5 m. warlike tumult, war Jb. 

n^2 pf- «• name of a heathen deity 

(ace, some the planet 8aturn) 


11'3, 1'3 {pi. D^"'?, ni1>3) m. 
1) basin, wash-basin, laver Ex. 
31,9; W 1i»3 flre-pan Zch. 12, 6 
(Eng. Bible: torch of flre).— 2) plat- 
form, scaffold (in the temple) 

v''3 a. ^?3 m. churl, niggard, 
miser S?itr nDft;. nS 'b^dl^ and the 
niggard shall not be said to be 
bountiful Is,32,5; D^i-I li'73 ''Ssi 
the instruments of the niggard 
(others: deceiver) are evil v. 7. 

t]^''3 (from t]'?3) only ^J. nisSiS 
sledge-hammers, axes Ps.74,6. 




nCS (from DIO) prop, a heap, 
hence: the Pleiades, a group of 
seven large stars closely clustered 
with smaller ones Am.5,8; Jb.9,9 
a. 38,31. 

^3 m. purse, bag for money 18.46, 
6; Pr.1,14; also a bag used by 
merchants to curry their weights 
Deut.25,13, whence D''? \4?K Pr. 

^i^ »*• only du. DH''? hearth, cook- 
ing-furnace Lev. 11,85. 

Ti5J,*''3 m. distaff (others: spindle) 

"33 (= il3) adv. so, thus Bx.12.11; 



1,33 (from niD ; c. 133 ; du. QJIIS ; 
^pl. D^"!|3, c. "il?? a. nil|i5, c. 
^^^^^) «. prop, a circle, hence: 
ij circuit, district, surroundings 
]'7!TjJ "I5? the surroundings (Bng. 
Bible: the plain) of the Jordan 
Gen. 14,10. — 3) round loaf, cake 
DnS 1|5 a round loaf of bread 
Ex.29,23.— 3) round weight, tal- 
ent (=3,000 shekels) ^103 133 a 
talent of silver 2K.5,22; nigV 133 
a talent of lead Zch.5,7. 

^3 (from "^b; "'73; sf. ^, 1J^ , 
D3^3, n^l a. once Dn^|i'2S.23,5, 

/•.'ll? , njii , once mnfi iK.7,37) 

prop, a n. the whole, totality, 
hence: 1) adj. all, whole ^before s 
noun with def. art., or a noun 
in the construct state, or a noun 
with sf., or a proper name) Di?v"'73 
all the people Gen. 19, 4; ns?"^| 

f IKH all the people of the land 
2K.11,18; ia??-'?! all his people 
Ex.1,22; '7N'li?>^. hs all Israel Deut. 
31,12; with 'sf. i-!? he is alto- 
gether 5,16; n^l it 'is all Gen.l3, 
10; ?1^5 thou art all Cant.4,7, etc.; 
n^Jin ^^ i^5 thou Shalt not see 
the whole of it Num.23,13; some- 
times wilh sf. after a noun i?? DJjn 
Is. 9, 8; DD^I ^4?> r^"'? '^?^-5? 'he 
wicked are all of them as thorns 
thrust away 2 S. 23,6; D:iJ "'3'?0-'?|> 
D?3 all the kings of the nations Is. 
14, 18; concretely: all '7b-"''?-B>:. I 
have all Gen. 33, U-, "72 ]''» B>i?' 
but the poor man had nothing 2S 
12, 3; with def. art. ^3.1 aj all 
everything Ex.29,24; "Jan '730 allU 
vanity Be. 3, 11; after a negative 
nothing isn nif. inin? N5 when 
he dieth ho shall carry nothing 
away Ps. 49, 18. 6) all, every one 
"535 il^ his hand against every one 
Gen. 16,12.— ^^ each, every, any ''?3 
fS? every tree Gen. 2, 9; l^^.'*?! ev- 
ery thing R. 4, 7; with a negative 
predicate: none, no N'' n3K|P"^3 
nt2>U'; no work shall be done Ex. 
12,36 — 3) adv. wholly, altogether 
D1K"'73 73n"'?3 every man is al- 

TT T . V T " 

together vanity Ps.39,6;-^ni3V"'?3 
wholly as, wholly like as Ec.5,l5; 
lij?"73 wholly so long as, all the 
while that Jb.27,3. 
^13 Ch. (same as Heb.; ' '73 ; def. 

kV-), sf. linb, f. ]nb) j;aii, 

whole XrilS'??"?! the whole king- 
dom Dan. 6,4; ^<^DP5? T'S all people 




5,19; Jin^l they all 2,38; con- 
cretely: N'lD^ for all 4,9.— 2) 
every tJ'JN!'?!! every man 3,10. — 
3) adv. wholly, altogether "7| 
NJT'^Sp wholly for this cause 
Dan. 2, 12; •'T h^p'h^ wholly so, 
as 6,11 (see in -3i?)- 
{<'p3 (akin to ':13 a. Si| ; pret. sf. 

^in':? ; fut. n;?: , n.'??'' ^t. j?. s'i'7| , 

S<^3:'«mp. N^3 ," sf. Dn'??; mf. Nib?) 
prop, to contain, hence: 1) to re- 
tain, to stay, to prevent fil^n 
nSu''. nN'^3 the earth hath stayed 
her fruit' Hag.1,10; with JD : to 
he stayed fr(jm h^l? D^DB^ >In4 
the heaven is stayed from dew ib.; 
with ]P before a verb; to prevent 

from Ni3p n|n ni'n ijn'?3 "ip. 

D"'D13 who hast prevented me 
this day from coming into blood- 
guiltiness IS.25,33; with ]P of 
the person: to withhold from iib 
■'Jt?P ?l^pni xSpil withhold not 
thou ihy tender mercies from me 
Ps.40,12; Si'??'? 0113 tO"'i>^ DIN ^N 
rrnriT.X there is no man that 
hath power over the spirit to 
retain the spirit Ec.8,8. — 2) to 
restrain, to prohibit Dt<'j3 pro- 
hibit them Num.11,28.— 3) to 
close, to shut up I^Q? H^h2 rTH 
niEan he was shut up in the court 
of the prison Jer.23,3; xSl n'?3 
ts'V.'? I am shut up, and I cannot 
come forth Ps. 88,9. (This verb 
takes also forms irom H^S , as: 
W^3 Ps.n9,101, nS?^ Gen.23,6, 

^jn'73 IS.25,33 (for •'jIkSs, N^?) , 

Niph. N^pj (fut. n|73^) to be re- 
strained D'jpa'n-jp n^ip n^I^.^ 
and the rain from heaven was 
restrained Gen.8,2i a'JQ n!?.|*J 
N''?ni3 and the people were re- 
strained from bringing Ex.36,6. 
N.'?3 (from sb; sf, "li^h^^ , pi. QW?) 

1) shuttingup, confinement, prison 
N^l rriS prison house 2K.17,4; pi. 
D'-ls'^? ■'n? prison houses Is.42,22; 
iN\^3 "inj? his prison garments 
Jer.52,33. — 3) separation, whence 
QIi^7? , which see. 

^iihz pr. n, son of David 2S.3,3 

= ^^';5 ichr.3,1. 

Q^NpS du. prop, two different things, 
two kinds, hence specifically: 
diverse or mingled seeds Lev. 19, 
19; Deut.22,9. 

2^72 1) to clap, to trap, whence 
yh'^.— 2) to strike, to bark, 
whence 3.73 . 

a^5 (-^ 3^3 ; pi. C?^? , 0. ^3'?3) m. 
dog Bx.11,7; of dogs watching 
flocks: ■'^iN^ ''3^3 the dogs of my 
flock Jb.30,1; as a word of re- 
proach: 3^1 e*.ST a dog's heart 
2K.3,8; np 3i^| a dead dog 9,8; 
of a male prostitute Deut.23,19: 
of enemies Ps.22,17. 

i^3 pr. n, 1) companion of Joshua 
Num. 13,6; pair. 13^3 IS.25,3.— 

2) a person mentioned in iChr. 
2,18 = 131^? V. 9.- 3) a place 
in Judah lS-30.14. 

nmSN it's pr. n. an unknown 

T T ; V •■ T 

place lChr.2,24. 
n^l (akin to kS|, "jSa, "513; fut 

'■'.??) , ajJ- '^31 ; tnf. niS?) i; to be 
completed, finished niir-Ss S^rn 
nyil3 bnti |5?>p and all the'^work 
of the tabernacle of the tent of 
the congregation was finished 
Ex.39,32; of time: to be ended, 
past Y)^ ?^^| the summer is ended 
Jer.8,20; of prophecy: to be ac- 
complished, fulfilled j.ri^T n'h^h 
that the word of the Lord' might 
be fulfilled Bzr.1,1; of an im- 
pending evil: to be prepared, to 
be determined ''SX H^S mine anger 
is prepared (1. e. ready to be 
poured out) Ez.5,13; li^K r\rh^ 
i:m riKD ny-in the evll was 
determined against him by the 
king Est.7,7.— 2) to be spent, 
consumed (as food) lib npipn ^3 
nri^3 the vessel of meal was not 

consumed ix.i7,ie; "JD D;an ^hy) 

'^PDl! and the water was spent 
in the bottle Gen.21,15.— 3) to 
oe consumed, destroyed, to perish 
in'-^D ^;^? ']r n^l^pp I am con- 
sumed by the blow of thy hand 
Ps.39,11; T1|K^ ^i'^h^ we are con- 
sumed by thine anger 90,7; iina 
^b:?\ arnni they shall be con- 
sumed (destroyed) by the sword 
and by the famine Jer.16,4; hence: 
to waste, to pine away, to fail 
■•Nip i1K>3 by, his flesh is wasted 
away, that it cannot be seen Jb. 

295 nb 

33,21 ; ••rr r)'\V^-]? "h^ mine eyes do 
fail with tears Lam.2,n; ''113 ri''3? 
when my strength faileth Ps.71,'9; 
•'^^iTlOmrp, nn'ri my soul pineth 
away for thy salvation Ps.ll9,8I. 
Pi n^? (fitt. n^31, ap. b2\ 
1 sf. 7\b2M Ex. 33, 3;" imp. n^i ■ 
inf. Hi'.a , once N^3 Dan. 4, 24, 
ni^3, n"^3) 1) to complete, to 

finish, to end ciapn nni^3 lib s?np 

wherefore have ye not finished 
your task? R.3,18; nxs n^ifl Ub 
I'^i?^ ^If thou Shalt not' finish 
reaping (i. e. 5halt not wholly 
reap) the corners of thy field 
Lev.l9,9i □5''B>r.a lb complete 
your works Bx.5,13: n^31 'rnn 
beginning and finishing IS.3,12.— 

2) to leave off, to cease btlT] Vnjia 
n^3 fisj^ai he began at the eldest 
and left off at the youngest Gen. 
44,12; -I3l|? n^3 tm,2 as soon as 
he had left off speaking 18,33; 
in a causative sense: □rij^'rn '?3ni 
and thou shalt make their mur- 
muring to cease Num. 17,25.— 

3) to consume, to spend "H^DN ^^f;! 
D3 I will spend my arrows upon 
them Deut.32,23i of anger Lam. 
4,11; of strength Is.49,4; of the 
eyes: to cause to fail HJp'pN ''jiyi 
n.y3N or have caused the eyes of 
the widow to fail Jb. 3I,I6.— 

4) to destroy D|P ""^^N mine enemy 
hath destroyed them Lam.2,22; 
ppiK Dpi^3"nj; unto the destroy- 
ing pf them (until they ))e de- 
stroyed) ]S.15,18; n^ny unto 




destroying (till thou hadst de- 
stroyed us) 2K. 13,19; Ezr.9,14:. 

Pu. n^l (fut. n^?:) to be com- 
pleted, finished Gen. 2,1. 

Jit's adj. pining, failing with long- 
ing (of the eye); only f. pi. ni'73 

nba f- 1) determination IS.20,33.— 
2) utter destruction hSd T^m to 
make an utter destruction (to 
destroy utterly) Jer.4:,27 etc.; with 
nx Jer.5,18 and J? 30,11.— 3) as 
adv.: utterly, wholly, altogether 

nm DDriN trnj'' m^ n'^s he shaii 

thrust you out hence altogether 
Ex.1 1,1; in the same sense also 
n^9S 2Chr.l7,12. 

n'?3 (sf. in^3; i)i. nib, nb) /■. i) 

bride, spouse (prop, the crowned 
one, from bh^) Is.62,5.— 2) daugh- 
ter-in-law R.1,7. 
X^73 (from K73; same as nSs) to. 
prison SPSn n^3 the prison house 
Jer.37,4 (Kttb N'^Sj). 

3^'P3 (from iSs) «*. i; cage (for 
birds) Jer.5,27 — 2) basket il'?? 
f*;f3. a basket of summer fruit 
Am.8,1. — 3) pr. n. to. of two 
persons lChr.4,11; 27,26. 

I^^'PS see 3i?| 2. 

''n'72pr.n.m. Ezr.10,35 {Eri^mh^). 

nl7^^3 (from bbS) _pJ. f. bridal 
state, espousals Jer.2,2. 

h?^ to be complete, full, ripe. 

Pit's I- ™- full age, old age Xif) 
15i?.'"'i?i n^5? thou Shalt come to 

thy grave in a full age Jb.5,26; 
n!?3 n?^ iO\'?5? to them old age 
perisheth (i. e. over them old 
age passeth fruitlessly) 80,2. 
n73 11- pr. n. a city in Assyria 

-IV , 

Gen. 10,1, prob. = TVU, which see. 
''t'3 , ^ •''r,! (f-'-om '?13 , hh^ to con- 
tain; sf. r\:h^ ; pi. D''ip5 , c. \'?3 , 
sf. ''!?5, ■l^'^a, Dn\'75) i) vessel, 

^ L ' ' 

utensil VT]"''y2 earthen vessel 
Lev.6,21; !.r"i"T'.i \'?3 the vessels 
of the house of the Lord Ezr.1,7. 
ntJitJ* DiSsa ni^ the vessels be- 
ing diverse one from the other 
Bst.1,7; in; \'?? vessels of gold, 
ib.; sometimes pleonastically, as: 
D\'7^iin \73 the vessels of flagons, 
i. e. flagons Is. 22,24.— 2) vessel 
for sailing, a boat NtpJ"''";? ves- 
sels (boats) of bulrushes Is. 18,2.— 
3) implement, instrument, tool 
1i2*""^7| instruments of music 
2Chr.34,'l2; pleonastically. b^pb^ 
a harp-instrument Ps.71,22; fig. of 
the divine wrath iiorr ''ijDI ;^ the 
Lord and the instruments of 
his indignation Is. 13, 5; of the 
means and devices of evil- 
doers: DiVT 'f'^g i!r3 the instru- 
ments of the deceiver are evil 
Is.32,7. — 4) weapons, arms ^^3 
non^D weapons of war Jud.lS,!!; 
poet. n)P"\'r5 implements of death, 
i. e. deadly weapons Ps.7,14; Nl?J 
Dvl? armor-bearer, aide-de-camp 
18.16,21; Q^i?3 fl''^ house of arms, 
armory (arsenal) Is, 39,2.- 5) 
equipment, dress, garments "^^3 




15.^ a man's garment Deut.22,5; 
?\^.? ^3VB n^ll as a bride adorn- 
eth herself with her bridal gar- 
ments Is, 61, 10; hence cbp_ the 
baggage of a person IS. 17,22; 
cSsn 1Diti> the Jieeper of the 
baggage, the baggage master ib. 
"''?3 see '<S^3. 

X''^3 Ktib for Nl'75 , which see. 

n'b2 (only pJ. ni^^a , c. ni''S?) /■. 
rein, kidney n''^55 ''f]?' the two 
kidneys Ex.29,13; b^b"'«'rii''b?i il^n 
the fat of the kidneys of rams 
l8.34,6; fig. HDn ni'''?3 a'?.n the fat 
of the kidneys of wheat Deut. 
32,14; frequeiitly of the inward 
of man, the mind, soul, as the 
seat of affections and passions: 
ib.l ^'^''^5 ids he (God) trieth the 
reins (i. e. the inward) and the 
heart Jer. 11,20; ''ni''^? ^^^V^H my 
reins shall rejoice Pr.23,16; 1'?3 
"•niiS? my reins U- e. my soul) 
pine away Jb.l9,27i ''niil"? ^JIIK 
my reins admonish me Ps.16,7. 

P>^3 (from n^3; c. p"??) w. 1) 
destruction npri_ fl^U* pin ]1^^3 
destruction is decreed, it shall 
overflow with righteousness Is. 
10,22.— 2) pining, failing li'''?? 
W^V a pining of the eyes Deut. 

lV73 P^- w. »». R.1,2. 

^1^3 (c. S''^3) adj. i; complete, 
perfect nnnS «in '?''^| it was 
perfect through my splendor Ez. 
16,14; ''?'' ''"'!?3 perfect in beauty 

28,12.— 2) whole, entire 'V.s 
rb::ri ^•''75 a cloth wholly of blue 
of the city Jud.20,40 (Eng. Bible: 
the flame of the city); S'S| nSij; 
an entire burnt offering 18.7,9; 
as a n. '^''721 n'jij? burnt-offering 
and whole burnt-offering Ps.5l, 
21; as adv. wholly, utterly hV2 
"iQp.ri it shall be wholly burnt 
Lev.6,15; ejSai 'ji'?! D"''7''[:'Nnj and 
the idols he shall utterly abolish 

pr. n. a wise man before the 
age of Solomon IK.5,11; lChr.2,6. 
^2| (akin to «^| , nS|) prop, to 
comprise, to complete, hence: to 
make perfect T]\S^ ^hy^ they have 
perfected thy beauty Ez.27,4 a. 11. 

b'73 Ch. to complete.— -S»op;i.':'.'?3B> 
{inf. n^^JB*) to complete, to finish 
Ezr.5,11.— Ishtaph. h'2?W^ to be 
finished, completed Ezr.4,13. 

^t'3 i)*"- »• »»»• Bzr.10,30. 

Q^3 (Ar. th^ to wound; Kal not 



Niph. DbjJ ifut. d|?3; ; pt. ch^: ; 
inf. DJiSn) to be ashamed, to be ' 
confounded 1D^|:j "lin« Ub: iet 
them be driven backward and be 
confounded Ps.40,15; ID^niJiria 
DD^STll? be confounded and a- 
shamed of your own ways Ez. 

36,32; n''a^?^n nrn i3^o; "^m^ 

as people being ashamed steal 
away 28.19,4; hence also: to hide 




for shame n''D; nv^& oSsn ^h^l. 

should she not be in conceal- 
ment for shame seven days? 

Hiph. D"'S?n a. D'''?3g (fut. n''Hy ; 
pt D'^SjO ; inf. D^hifl) 1) to re- 
proach, to revile, to insult IS. 
20,34; Jb.19,3.— 2) to hurt, to 
injure Di:o'?55 kS we hurt them 
not IS.25,7; ijl Q'''??D-pN there 
was none that might injure them 
in any thing Juc|.18,7. — 3) to 
shame, to put to shame ny"ll 
V^N Wh^l Qi|?'?it he that is' a 
companion of gluttons shameth 
his father Pr.25,7; IJO'^'^anT, n n J^ 
thou hast cast us off, and put us 
to shame Ps.44,10; U^.2t^ pNI JijSnj! 
when tho u mockest, no one shameth 

thee Jb.ii,3i ^^rn TiniN n'''??n3 

when thy neighbor hath put thee 
to shame Pr.25,8. 

Hoph D^?n 1) to be hurt, in- 
jured Txqmy unj^s-KSi upSpri vh) 

we were not hurt, neither missed 
we anything lS.25,15.— 2) to be 
ashamed, disappointed 1073111 ItJ'a 
they were confounded and ashamed 

'TO'73 ?»"• w. an unknown city which 
traded with Tyre Ez.27,23. 

n^^3 (from Q^|; c. nsS5 , sf. 
\ns?| ; pi. me':?) f. reproach, 
shame Jer 51,51; Is.30,3 a. 50,6; 
Jb.20,3; poet. HB^S ^±) to be 
clothed with shame, i. e- to be 
wholly covered with it Ps.109,29. 

nilSt'S (= '"1^73) f. reproach, shams 

n3'?5 pi"- n. a city in Babylonia 
Gen.10,10 = nj.^3 Am.6,2 a. iJ^| 
Is.10,9 (ace. some of the older 
interpreters Ctesiphon, situated 
on the eastern bank of the Tigris). 

tp'2 to clap, to strike, whence 

nJ33 to pine, to long for ^7 np3 
■'"IB^Il my flesh longetK for thee 

nS3 see under HD . 

Dnpi pr. n. m. 28.19,38; Jer.41,17 
(i-fe-6 DniD?) = inpi 28.19,41. 

1X33 (particle ID with prefix 3 ; 
also with personal t. affixes, in 
which case iD| before light suf- 
fixes: ''^'ilpl as 1 am, T]iD3 as thou 
art, iniDI as he is, HiM , UifiS , 

IT 'T|t' it' 

05103 , Dnin3) adv. a. prep, thus, 
so, as, like" 103 ni2D« I will 
speak thus Ps.73,15; i^N 103 as 
a stone Ex. 15,5; n^it; 103 'like 
these Jb.12,3; SgN-IOS nnSi; Y% 
a land of darkness like darkness 
itself Jb.10,22; when repeated: 
as... so Dni03 ?1103 as thou, so 
they Jud.8,18; also inverted: se- 
as TjlOS ''JiOS so I, as thou IK. 

12^1'J33 pr. n. Chemosh, national deity 
of the Moabites IK.11,7, hence 
tJ'lOl Di? people of Chemosh, i. e. 
the Moabites Num.21,29. 

TDi to conglobiilate, whence t0^3 . 




]D2 1) to lay up, to hide away, 
whence |DDO treasure.— 2) to 
season, to proserve (In Syr.). 

]b3 (from pD 2) m. cumin Is.28,25. 

D03 to lay up, to hide away; only 
pt p. DJ?| laid up Deut.32,34:. 

1Q2 I- to grow warm, to burn iKal 
not used). 

Mph. "11333 prop, to be warmed, 
hence: 1) fig. to be moved, kindled 
IIIIN-Stj VDni np53 his aflfection 
toward his brother was kindled 
Gen.43,30; with 'jy IK.3,26,— 2) to 
be burnt, to be black llJn? IjniS? 
1"lD3i our skin was black like an 
oven Lam.5,10. 

"nOi II. to plait, tb interweave, 
whence n^D3I3 net. 

IDS or IDS lonly pi. onas, sf. 
I'^iaS) m. priest, idol-priest (prop, 
one who goes about in black, 
froiii. "103 I.) 2K.23,5; Hos.10,5. 

D'''1'''ia3 (from 1?| I.) pl- m. black- 
ness, obscuration; only once c. 
ni^ ■'TIP? inoyi^ let the black- 
ness of the day terrify it Jb.3,5. 
(Some interpreters take this word 
to be D''T1.D 'bitterness' with the 
prefix 3). 

D L ("II ; akin to "3 , 113) adv. so, 
thus |3 ^■^.''J! end it was so Gen. 

1,7; r!x>:? i^-?^ ^?l'f ? 13 s° is ^^y 

judgment, thou hast thyself de- 
cided IK.20,40; p. liqx "lay my 
people love it thus (i. e. love to 
havb it so) Jer.5,31; "'3JN p-N"? 

^"TQV it is not so with me Jb.9,35; 
in reference to quality: such X'7 
n^yqilA ^Xa 13 «3 there came no 
sucli almug-trees IK. 10, 12; in 
reference to number: so much, so 
many ]3 U^h INyO iih) but they 
found not for them so many Jud. 
21,14; 13 ...? , ]3 ... I^t^l as..., so; 
]>^'^')\ ]3 CtS'^B? as horsemen, so 
shall they run 'jo.2,4; "iriS "IC'KI 

n^n 1'^ ^ T *® ^® interpreted to 
us, so it was Gen.41,l3; as soon 
as..., so soon: |3 Tiyn 03X33 
iriN ]1NVP^ as soon as ye be come 
into the city, so soon ye shall 
find him IS.9,13; sometimes 3 is 
omitted: ^lOn 13 INI nan as they 
saw, so they were astonished (i. e. 
as soon as they saw) Ps.48,6. — 
Connected with prepositions: 
aj |33 so, in this manner j331 
^^sin-':^ KUK and so will 1 go 
unto the king Est.4,16. 6) pS 
therefore ])^ iiH'hs ph therefore 
whosoever slayeth Cain Gen.4,i5. 

c) I.S"*??? (same as p.^) therefore 
Gen,2,24; 10,9, etc.; ace. Ges. in 
some passages: because Ps.45,3. 

d) p '\m , p. n.QN after that, 
thereafter, afterwards, e) J3"ns? 
hitherto, until now Neh.2, 16. 
f) |3 1D3 in like manner (others; 
like gnats, see p IV.) Is. 51,6. 

|3 II. (from 113 ; pl. D^J3) adj. right, 
upright, honest UnJN D''J3 we are 
upright men Gen.42,11; with neg- 
ative p Xv not right, wrong 2K. 
17,9; hence: empty, vain p iih 



V^S his lies are vain Is.l6,6j "N7 
|5 Pr.15,7 ace. Stb.: untruth; as 
adv. rightly, well ri"131 IS thou 
hast spoken rightly Num. 27, 7; 
Q''2'V ^JI?J« p"N^ we do not well 

15 III. (sf. ''il) w. foot, base, ped- 
estal iimi!<1. "li'Sn-nS! the laver 
and its foot 'Bx.30,28; p."ntKS?D 
the worli of a base, like a ped- 
estal iK.7,31; nJin"]5 \>jni ^^ 

they cannot strengthen the base 
(i. e, the socket) of their mast 
Is.33,23 (Eng. Bible: they could 
not well strengthen their mast, 
taking ]3 as adv.). — 2) place, 
station, office TIJI-Sj; ^2^m^ and 
he will restore thee unto thy 
place Gen.40,13; 'iyhv ll^V) and 
there shall rise up in his place 
(i. e. in his steadj Dan.] 1,20; IDSJI 
iiS ni^lB* nVip and out of '^a! 
branch of her shoots shall [one] 
stand up [in] his pl«,ce v. 7. 

]3 IV. an assumed singular to D''^?, 
but see nJ3. 

|3 Ch. (same as Heb.) adv. so, thus 

'■■ Dan. 2, 24. 

(133 (from |J|) /".plant, shootPs.80,16. 

nj3 to distinguish by name (Kal 


not used). 

Pi. n|3 {fut. nSOp 1) to name 
with honor, to surname D2>J1 
iliJ2\ hi^'W) and he will surname 
himself by the name of Israel Is. 
i4,5; •'Jnyn;. tib\ TI^DK l have sur- 
oamed thee, though thou hast not 
known me 45,4. — 2) to give flat- 

tering titles, to flatter Qni<"'7K 
ni5S ^^ to no man will I give 
flattering titles Jb.32,2l; "'^1?!!^'^'' 
n.^?^. I know not to flatter v. 22. 

n_33 pr- n. a city, probably the 
same as Hj'pS (which see) Ez. 27,23. 

T\'l'^ f- gnat, stinging fly (ace. 
Jewish interpreters: louse); only 
pi. D''J3 Bx.8,14; Ps.105,31. 

m33 see nJS. 

tt: * * 

11J13 ipl- CliJ?, ni1i:i3) m. harp 

Gen.4,21; Kz.26,13; Ps.137,2. 
!in''J3 i»-. »• see I'lD-'ini . 

it: T ' ■ T ; 

D33 (= n|3) /'. coM. gnats (or lice) 

NJ233 Ch. adu. so, thus, after this 

manner nnS Wipt! KDJ3 we said 

unto them after this manner 

Ezr 5,4. 
]3i (= |13) to set, to place. 
''JJ3 W- '"'■ "»• Nah.9,4. 
n''j:!3 see ^n;jJ3 . 
ir''3J3 JP*-- w. w. IChr. 15,22 = n''iJ3 

it:-: ' t:-: 

V. 27. 

in^JJS J""- »»• »^- 2Chr.31,12 (ii«7) 


it:- '• 

D3| (i^t Dia ; inf. Dii|) i; to col- 
lect, to heap up (stones, trea- 
surers) Bc.3,5; 2,8.— 2) to gather 
together, to assemble (persons) 

Pi. DJ3 (/Mi. D;)5p to collect, to 
gather together Dnnnx-'jN n'';^pJ51 
but I will orather them unto their 


own land Ez.39,28; D^3^ hi^'p\ '^n']) 
he gathereth together the out- 
casts of Israel Ps.147,2. 

Hithp. Di.Snn to hide oneself, 
to wrap oneself Dil.5nn3 H^X nDDDn 
the covering is narrower than 
that he can wrap himself in it 
WJ2 to bend, to bend down, to be 
low (Kal not used). 

Niph. J^J?J ifut. Vl^) i inf. Vj3n) 
prop, to be bent, hence: 1) to be 
humbled, subdued, subjected (with 

T nno or v.sp) on; rnn i y ; | n 

and they were subdued under 
their hand Ps.106,42; \J5 1 j; 4 ? 'J 
hn'i^'' ^:2 ■'iSn fCS? and' the chil- 
dren of Ammon were subdued 
before the children of Israel Jud. 
11,33.— 2) to humble oneself, to 

submit bni?^ na^i!? ifO|Mx-iN if 

then their uncircumcised heart 
be humbled Lev.26,41i with \jpb 
2Chr.34,27i \;?!? IK.21,29. 

Hiph. V''pn (/Mi. V];^! , ap. v:^!) 
to bow down, to humble, to sub- 
due y''a?b Dp"'5^.^^ ^???5 in a 
little while would 1 subdue their 
enemies Ps. 81, 15; m'^? HK"! 
n.VJPO look on every proud one, 
and bow him down Jb. 40, 12; 
03^? ''5^.? W?lland he humbled 
with trouble their heart Ps,107, 
12- V'ipB U^y ]^^P thou shalt 
subdue" (suppress) the tumult of 
the strangers Is.25,5. 
nr;3 (from W| to bend; sf. TIOV^I) 
prop, something bound or folded, 



hence: bundle, travelling-bundle 
tinSJja Y"^^^ ''?5'? ta^e up thy 
bundle from the ground, i. e. to 
go into captivity Jer.10,17 (Bng. 
Bible: gather up thy wares out 
of the land). 

11?J3 pi'- n. 1) Canaan, son of Ham 
and progenitor of the Canaanites 
Gen.9,18.— 2) the land of the 
Canaanites Bx.15,12, fully flK. 
]1;j5 Gen. 13,12 etc. (prop, 'low- 
land', from 3^33, as opposed to DJM 
which signifies 'highland'). In a 
more confined sense: Phenicia, a 
part of the Palestinian coast to 
which Tyre and Sidon belonged 
Is.23,11; 1^33 was also the name 
of Philistia'!^ph.2,5; |yi| nBi?> the 
language of Canaan, designation 
of the Hebrew tongue which was 
spoken by the Canaanites and 
Hebrews Is. 19,18. — S) a Cana. 
anite, a Phenician (^''JWa , which 
see below) in the sense of mer 
chant: nana \JtND r;? ]W| like 
a merchant, in whose hands are 
the balances of deceit Hos.12,8; 
|S?J5 Cy Zph.1,11 the merchant 
people; pi. sf. H'JjyjS her mer- 
chants ls.23,8. 

pI^j^JS pr. n. m. of two persons 
^lChr.7,10; IK.22,11. 

iji;j3 {pi. nijyjl) gent. m. 1) a Ca- 
naanite, a Phenician Gen. 38,2; 
Ob.20; ''J1!3?D frequently as a col- 
lective: the Canaanites Gen. 24,3; 
Jud.1,1, etc.; f. n^JSJJS Gen.46,105 




Ex.6,15, — 2) merchant, trafficker 
Pr.31,24; Jb.40,30. 

tlJ3 to cover, to protect. — Mph. 
f|J5J to cover or hide oneself "N7l 
?l''iiD lij? f\};2) no longer shall 
thy teachers hide themselves Is. 

f|J3 (c. ^^!2, sf. ''B^l ; (Zm., also as 
^^1 D:S|| , c. •'SJI , sf. TJlgJ? , 1''S^3 , 

Dri\sJ3; pi. n'isJi, c. 'riisJS) '/■. 

(rarely m.) i^ wing (dit. D''SJ?) 
141 I^J' '^i'''^ of ^ wing,- winged 
animal Gen. 1,21; 143"73 every 
winged animal Gen.7,14; jnsn f\j$ 
the wing of the Cherub IK. 6,27; 
nJi^ ''SJI the wings of a dove Ps. 
68,14; jjoei. ^IIS "^S?? Pr.1,17 or hv2 
D^.Sj| Ec.10,20 the possessor of 
wings, i. e. a bird; fig. bv X l.M 
niT''SJ3 he flittpd by upon . the 
wings of the wind Ps. 18, 11; "''SJ| 
"Tip the wings of the morning 
Ps 139,9; frequently as figure of 
protection: '•JTripn 7\''^:^ bxs hide 
me under the shadow of thy 
wings Ps.17,8; T1\?)J| 105? ^p.^^« 
let me shelter under the covert 
of thy wings 61,5; of the defiled 
temple: CV^pE^ ^l^S the shelter of 
abominations Dan. 9,27; poet, wing 
of an army "K":!? VSJ? nitSD .THI 
TJV"!** ini and the stretching out 
of his wings, i. e. armies, shall 
fill the breadth of thy land Is.8, 
8; in this sense also ace. Ges. Is. 
18,1: n^3;5 '7V'^V fn^ the land of 
the whirring of wings, 1. e. of the 
clangor of armies (see also un- 

der ht'l'?) ■— 2) skirt, corner of 
an upper garment /''aJffin f|J2 the 
skirt of the robe IS.24,4; V^ii^'^^ 
T]ri1D3 niSJ3 upon the four cor- 
ners of thy Vesture Deut.22,12. — 

3) upper garment, covering 1p''fnn5 
•^l^n) trVS riJ?3 they shall take" 
hold of the upper garment of a 
Jew Zch.8,23; fig, of sexual con- 
nection: hv t]j3 iJ^IS to spread 
one's covering over, i. e. to re- 
ceive a woman to one's bed Ez. 
16,8; R.3,9; .•.^1^3 H^J to remove 
the covering of one, i. e. to vio- 
late one's bed Deut.23,1; 27,20.— 

4) of the earth or of a land: bor- 
der, corner, end fl.^n ^4? the 
border of the earth Is.24,16; j;31K 
fl^? ^"^^2^5 the four corners of 
the earth is.11,12. 

1J3 to hollow out, whence 11^3. 

niaa Deut.3,17 c^nni^ jos.19,35; 

also nniiS Jos. 11, 2 a. ni1J3 IK. 
15,20) pr. n. Chinnereth, Chin- 
neruth a city in Naphtali, situ- 
ated on the lake of Gailee, which 
is thence called n "1 Jl 3 C Num. 
34,11, or nil^S n; Jos.12,3, later 
"l?.-j| , 1DlJj_ Un the Targ. and 
Mishna), from which in the New 
Testament Gennesaret. The Gali- 
lean Sea is named in the Talmud 
n;-!3ip hf m: ^Sea of Tiberiasj; 
its present name is esh-Shuweir. 
B-'JS Ch, to gather together, to as- 
semble Dan.3,2 (= Heb. DJ3). 

Ithp. ^j3ns to be gathered to- 
gether, assembled Dan 3,3. 




T T 

nja (from :^i^; pi. niJ? , comp. 
m(5 a. niVf?) /•. prop, title, office, 
fellowship in office, whence con- 
cretely: fellow-officer, companion, 
associate; only j)?. sf.)Q^i^ Bzr.i,?. 

nj5 Ch. (same as Heb.l f. com- 
panion, associate; pi. sf. jinriUS 

02 (= KD?) m. throne DS-Sy l;"'? 
n^ for the hand is upon the throne 
of the Lord (i. e. the Lord hath 
sworn by his throne) Ex.17, 16; 
Ges. and others suggest the read- 
ing D.i (standard, banner), which 
suits the context very well in 
vie^ of the altar-name ^D^ ^^. in 
the preceding verse. 

XD J 1) (= np3) to cover.— 2) to 
appoint, to fix. 

ND3 , i^.P5 w- full moon (ace. Aben 
Ezra: new moon), festival DT' 
tN*D3n the day of the full moon 
Pr.7,20 (Ab. Ezra: feast-day of 
the new moon; Eng. Bible: the 
day appointed); IJiin Oil'? np.^2 
at the full moon, on our solemn 
feast-day Ps.81,4. 

HQ:2 (Jb.26,9 a. IK.10,19 nt?5; sf. 
i!<!p3 for ''N'PI , TISP? for TltipS , 
etc.; pi. ni«p3 for ni>s'l?5 ," sf. 
Dnit<p3) m. seat, chair, stool 
J<D51 ']n'7tJ> a table and a chair 
2Kl4,10; of the seat of the high 
priest IS.1,9; of the tribunal of 
a judge: tDSa'a'? niNDS the seats 
of judgment Ps.122,5; in connec- 
tion with kings or kingaoms: 

throne in?!?DD ND3 the throne of 
his kingdom' 28.7,13; Du'? DiNip? 
HIT thrones of the house of David 
Ps.122,5; fig. the throne of God 
Jer.3,17, Ps.11,4, etc., also called 
nU3 KD5 the throne of glory Jer. 

"•■^pS Ch. a Chaldean Ezr. 5, 12 
(~ np , which see). 

1D3 (only pt. nols a., pt. p. ""IDS, 
c. MD?) to cover, to conceal d^K 
ri^T n,53 Ony a prudent man 
concealeth knowledge Pr. 12, 23; 
ns'ton 'ID? whose sin is covered 
Ps.32,1. ' 

Niph. nD3J {inf DiDin) to be 
covered Jer.51,42; Bz.24,8. 

Pi. np5 ifut. ne?: , op. D3^ ; pt. 
npDI? ; wf. niD3) ij to cover, with 
aceus. n^JS nnpp she had covered 
her face .Gen.38,15; D; IDD? the 
sea covered them Ex. 15,10; fig. of 
shame Jer.51,51; of horror Ez.7,18; 
with hv : I'lJNrt DiT.'pJ? D^ni the 
earth covered them Num.16,33; 
DO^b.y f^55T nani and the worms 
shall cover them; with .V : for 
Dinri-nK 1''^y \7i>D3 I covered the 
deep for him Ez.31,15; with 3 of 
the covering: n3''P^3 inM^l she 
covered him with a mantle Jud. 
4,18; "iBVS inpDI and he shall 
cover it with earth Lev.17,13; 
ninb^3iy!7yD5;pl and thou hast 
covered us with the shadow of 
death Ps.44,20; sometimes with 
the omission of 2 : nJ| Hp? DilVI 
and hath covered the naked with 


T T 



a garment Bz.18,16; la^g TjMS:! 
and I covered the with silk 16,10; 
iniD3 2>U^3 ninn thou coveredst 
it with the deep as with a gar- 
ment Ps. 104,6.— 2) to cover, to 
hide, to conceal DT HM to con- 
ceal the blood of one killed Gen. 
37,2b; ^■^^l^? N':' "^y'l mine iniquity 
have I not hid Ps.'32,5i with Ssf : 
nia« n^QI? i3''?JB'£3"'7| ''1? love 
covereth all sins Pr.10,12; 's/h] 
Vhv HMip-NSj hbnn neither shalt 
thou spare, nor shalt thou con- 
ceal him Deut.13,9; with J3 : to 
hide from, to keep secret Gen. 
18,17.— 3) to cover, to veil ^JS 
n?3? n'^^Sa* he veileth the faces 
of their judges, i. e. he makes 
them blind Jb.9,24 (Stb.: ...\JS HD? 
to forgive). — 4) to cover, to en- 
close, to surround^SDR D^iO'nysa* 
the abundance of water which 
covereth (surroundeth) thee Jb. 
22,11; similarly. ^GQFi □'•SdJI r\'iW 
the multitude of camels shall 
cover thee Is.60,6. — 5) fig. to 
cover, to overwhelm (of shame, 
terror) ^J\JS 1127? '"'5'?? shame 
hath covered our faces Jer.51,51 
(comp.Ps.44,16);nlX^S DniN nODDI 
and terror shall cover them Ez. 
7,18. — 8) intr. to cover oneself, 
with 3 : f]''r^3 DSril and she cov- 
ered herself with a veil Gen. 38, 
14; r\^ ngDn im wherewith thou 
coverest thyself Deut.22,12; with 
aceus.: ptt* D5"'.l he covered him- 
self with sackcloth Jon. 8,6; with 
7N: to seek cover wiih \n''D5 ^ „S 

with thee do I seek cover Pa 
143,9 (Eng. Bible: I flee unto thee 
to hide me). 

Pu. riB^ a. nD| (fut. np?^ ; pt 
riDDD) to he covered, wrapt 1D3^1 
^''^pD ^^^ '^^ mountains were 
covered Gen.7,20; with 2 of the 
covering: D''('5^3 CD?!? wrapt in 
sackcloth lChr.21,16;'' 'iD2> ri?*n3 
n^y his name shall be covered 
with darkness Ec.6,4; also with 
(iccMS.;n>'V D''*in 1D3 the hills were 

T " * T T 

covered with the shadow of it 

mthp. ngsjpri (fut. nt^sn , ap. 

DSri; ; pt. n@3ril5) to cover or 
clothe oneself, with 3 of the 
covering: na^nh nttSB>3 nDSriD 
he had clad himself wiih a new 
garment IK.11,29; pf3 DSnjl and 
he covered himself with sack- 
cloth 2K.19,1; with accus.: IDSnjI 
D''('5a> and let them be covered 
with sackcloth Jon.3,8. 
np3 see t<p3 . 

nQ3 see ND3. 

''^D3 (c. '^D?) m,. covering Num.4,6. 

n^D3 f- covering, raiment nffiS pN 
npija without any covering in 
the cold Jb 24,7; nri1D3 her rai- 
ment Ex.2i,i0i nffl3 tib-Nin njrt 

?1P1K 1ir«. h'2) D^^i; bihold thi's 
(the thousand pieces of silver) is 
for thee acoveringof the eye8(i. e. 
an indemnity; others: a protection 
from calumny) before all that 
are ^ith thee Qen.20,16. See ngi . 




hps (pt. niD| , pi cpiiD? , f. nniD?) 

to cut off Is.33,12. Ps.80,17. 

h''Q2 (from "JDI ; pi. D''S''p3) w. ij 
prop, thick one, hence; fool Ps. 
92,7; Pr.10,1, etc.; ?lSin ^^nz ^''iDSn 
the fool walketh in darkness Be. 
2,14.— 2) prop, strong one, giant, 
hence:the constellation Orion (con- 
ceived of by the ancients as a 
giant bound upon the sky) Am. 
5,8; Jb.9,9, etc.; nnS^ h'^Q^ ni3?*iD 
canst thou loose the bands of 
the Orion ? Jb. 38,31; pi. constella- 
tions generally: D^D^H ^3313 
Dri''S''p51 the stars of heaven and 
the constellations thereof Is. 13, 
10. — 3) pr. n. a place in Judah 
Jos. 15,30. 

nt>''G2 f- folly niSi|?| n^'« a fool- 
ish woman Pr.9,13. 

';D3 (M- ''B?^ i) to be fleshy, 
thick, whence '?93. 1, bo^ 3 and 
'^''03 1.— 2) to be strong, firm, 
whence hp^. 2, '7''p?2and H^pSi— 
3) to be stupid, fooiishni!^? "nnK^I 
1^03^.1 they are altogether brutish 
and foolish Jer.10,8. 

^D3 m. 1) loin, flank ''?3"''^y. t\&^ 
fatness upon the loins Jb. 15,27; 
pi. n\Sp3 Lev.3,4; sf. t^^ Ps.38,8.- 
.g/hope, confidence 3nt i;i?g>-nN* 
^'?p3 if I have made gold my 
hope Jb.3 1,24; D^p3 D^i:i'7«3 «^B>;) 
that they may place in God their 
hope Pjs.78,7i,Tl!705? ^^jV- V: ''^^ 
Lord shall be thy confidence Pr. 
3.26.— 3) folly %'?. Vt':\ the 

wickedness of folly Ec.7,25i H] 

1D7 7p| D|Tl this their way is 

their folly Ps. 49,14. 
ri'?p3 (sf. ^J?^P5) f- 1) confidence, 

hope Jb.4,6.— 2) folly Ps.85,9. 
17D3 the ninth month of the Hebrew 

year (December-January) Zch.7,1: 

11703 W- **■ * place in Judah Jos. 

'jlT'pS Vf. n. m. Num.34,21. 

nl7D3 i"". w. a place in Issachar 

Jos.19,18; prob. == liari-ni'^p? , 

which see. 
lliriTll^DS pr. n. a city in Zeb- 

ulun at mount Tabor Jos.19,12; 

merely 1130 lChr.6,62; see also 

ni^p3 . 
QTlt'DS l""- «• a people sprung 

from the Egyptians Gen.10,14. 
QD3 iM- QD?J ) inf- ^01") to shear, 

to crop Da''tr«1 nn 1Dp?1 Dibs 

they shall only crop their heads 

Pi. Db"!? (= DD? with inserted >, 

fvt. CD"!?;) to cut off, to gnaw 

ISJ^'p IVn'nspp'IS^ the boar out 

of the wood doth gnaw at it Ps. 

DDDS f- a species of grain, spelt 

e'x.9,32; pi. Q''ap? Bz.4,9. 

DD5 (M- D3t' 3^'- '"^'?T^ *° °'^™" 
ber, to reckon IM^J i'?5« ''5^ K^i^ 
|^!?'D"'^?? every man according to 
his eating shall ye reckon for 
the lamb Ex.12,4. 




fiD5 (fwt S]iD3;) to long after, to 
have a desire, to be eager n.\1N5 
tjl^S fjiDDt as a lion is eager to 
tear his prey Ps.17,12; ^''T''t?5?ab 
fJDpPl thou wilt have a desire to 
the vfork of thy hands Jb.l4,l5.^ 
8) to be languishing, to be pale 
{Eal not used in this sense). 

Niph. fp2i (pt. riD3J ; inf. eib?J) 
1) to turn palp, lo be ashamed 
fjDDJ iih ^ijn nation not ashamed 
Zph.2,1 (Eiig. Bible: nation not 
desired). — S) to long for, to de- 
sire, with h : n'';?? nflEDDJ ep^: 
Tl"'pN thou greatly longedst for 
thy father's house Gen. 31, 30; 
l\ i^ilVoS ...■'?*SJ nSD^J my soul 
longeth... for the courts of the 
Lord rs,84,3. 

:f]D3 , ^ ^D3 («f- ''§P3 , ^SP5) rn. 

1) silver (so called from its pale 
ccior, see ^103 2) Num. 22, 18; 
f|DJ"''.73 articles of silver Gen. 
24,58; ^5.3 '?i?.|* shekel of silver 
23,15; often with the word h^}S 
omitted, as f]D3 t];K a thousand 
[shekels] of silver Gen.20,16.— 

2) money Ps.i5,5; pi. sf. nhnV 
Dn''Ep3 the bundles of their money 
Gen .42,85. 

C]D3 Ch. (same as Heb.) 1) silver 
Dan.2,85.— 2) money Bzr.7,17. 

J^i£C3 pr. n. a place on the way 
between Babylonia and Jerusalem 

nD3 (from nD|) f. pillow, cushion; 

only pi. niriD? Kz. 13, 18; sf 

r\:yn^nc2 v. 26. 

TV" : • 

bra Is.59,18 see under hv . 

W3 Ch. adv. now, at this time Dan. 
2,23; l??3"nj; until now, to this 
time Ezr.5,16. 

riJS?3 Ch. adv. so, thus ilJ^?^ and 
so forth Ezr.4,10; 7,12; contracted 
Api 4,17. 

DrS IM- OiJ5V, m/^. Dij;?) to be 
angry Ez.16,42; Neh.3,33; with *:!< 
to be angry with 2Chr.l6,10. 

Fi DjJS to provoke, to irrjtat-j 
Deut.32,21; IS.1,6. 

Hiph. D^'J^n {fut. Diy?:, ap. 
D.V?:; pt D^rbO; mf. D''VDh) 1) lo 
excite, to provoke Di7\;PS3 ''jIDSJ^n 
they have provoked me with their 
graven images Jer.8,19;poei. D^V?D 
D''"1'npri to provoke bitterly Hos. 
12,15.— 2) to vex, to grieve Ez. 
32,9; D5J| D^V3n to cause vexa- 
tion IK. 15,30; 21,22. 

Cya m. 1) vexation, grief IS.1,16; 

Eel, 18. — 2) wrath, anger, pro- 
vocation Pr.27,3; Peut.32,27; Dl?j) 
D^I'lp, their provoking sacrifice 
Ez.20,28; OrDI Dirip nS'N a quar- 
relsome and angry woman Pr. 
21,19; 2)^. Qipra provocations 2K 
'^'V2 m. the same as DS?3 Jb.5,2; 6,2. 

— J— ' ""I"" 1 J 1 

S]3 (from tlS| ; . sf .ipl , iS3 ; dv,. 
D.';23, c. iSI, sf ifil, TI"ii5; pj, 
niS|) f 1) the hollow of the hand, 
the palm, wrist Lev. 14,15: hence; 




a handful nog-ns xSd a handful 
of meal IK.17,12; sometimes ^=T' 
hand: nSSTlN rjiifpj. and thou 
shalt out off her hand Deut.25,12; 

with nan. sno, j/jjri to ciap 

the hands (see under these verbs); 
peculiar expressions: S]3p S^H to 
rescue from one's hand, i. e. 
from one's power IS.4,3; f]3 D"'2> 
7?? to lay the hand upon one, i. e. 
to attack him Jb 40,32; hv r^ r\^^ 
to put the hand over one, i. e. to 
protect him Ps.139,5 (comp. Ex. 
33,22); nt'2 ei3 Q^'^' to lay the 
hand upon the mouth, i, e. to be 
silent Jli.29,9; ']22 tl'gj D''B> to 
put the life in the hand, i. e, to 
expose oneself to great danger 
Jud.12,3; expressions with dual 
form: D^BS V''}'! the labor of the 
hands Hag 1,11; D)B$ ns the fruit 
(products) of one's hands Pr31, 
16j CB:) ''p.J clean of hands (in- 
nocent) Ps.'24.4; n:S3 h'J NB>J to 
bear upon the hands, i. e. to 
cherish Ps.91,12; "7^' IJan'? NfJ 
D^mz 'tn'-'-k n^SS let us lift up 
our heart with our hands unto 
God in the heavens Lam.3,41; 
pj. n"E3 coupled with D^T : the 
palms of the hands Dan.10,10; 
twice 0)1]. riiSS of hands cut off 
2S.5,4; 2K.9,35.— 2) conpled with 
bj'H: the sole of the foot, plant 
DVut.2,5i trxn TJ) hn ^SP from 
the sole of the foot even to the 
head, i. e. the whole body Is.1,6; 
?li?n 13^ D^^? a rest for the sole 
of thy foot, i. e a quiet habitation | 

Deut.28,65; also of the foot of a 
bird Gen 8,9;^Z. rlE| coupled with 

du. of hi^. : n'-^aan i^r.n nis3 the 

soles of the feet of the priestn 
Jos.3,13; fig. t^Sn riiSI"'??? to the 
soles of thy feet, i. e. in the dust 
Is.60,14; of the ark as the font- 
stool of God: ^hil niES Dipi? i-he 
place of the soles of my feet Ezr. 
43,7; once coupled with D1?S (step) 
2K.19,24. — 3) hollow vessel, hence; 
spoon, dish Num.7,14;f)?. ni£3 Ex. 
25,29; nence vb^Jl ^5 the dfsh 
(hollow) of the sling IS.25,29; 
^y^^ ^1 the hollow (socket) of 
the thigh Gen 32,26.— 4) handle 
■jiyjan n1S3 the handles of the 
look Cant.5,5.— 5) branch niS3 
D'^lfiri branches of palm trees 

S]3 m. rock, cliff; only pi. D'SS Jer. 
4,29; Jb.30,6. 

nS3 (akin to qS3; fut. nS3^) prop. 

T T ^ 

to bend, hence: to tame, to sub- 
due ei^'"n§3; nODS |na a gift in 
secret tameth (Eng. Bible: paci- 
fleth) anger Pr.21,14. 
nSS («f- ''^1?) f- palm-branch, 
branch ]iOjK1 nB3 palm-branch 
and rush (proverbially for the 
high and the low) ls.9,13i 19,15; 
nJjri N*? inSDI and his branch 

TT-;- T • : 

shall not be green Jb. 15,32. 
1l£3 I- (from "123 to cover) m. 1) 

hoar-frost (which covers the 

ground) Ex.l6,14; Ps.l47,16. 
1lS5 II- »*• cup, goblet Ezr 1,10; 





1!123 see Qnf?. 

D^£3 (from DS3) m. beam, cross- 

beam (holding together a build- 
ding) Hab.2,11. 

*TS3 (j)Z. D''T'S5) OT. 1) young lion 
Jud.14.,5; Is.5,29; fig. of enemies 
Jer.2,15; Ps.58,7; of young heroes 
Ez.38,t3.— 2)= n|| village Neh. 

nT'S3 pr. n. a city in Benjamin, 
which formerly belonged to the 
Hivites Jos.9,17; Ezr.2,25; Neh.7, 
29 (now called Keflr, east of Ni- 

f £3 (akin to h22) to fold, to double 
Ex.26,9; pt.p. Sl£!| doubled, double 
Ex 28,16. 

Niph. SSDJ (fut SS|;) to be 
doubled, repeated ilPI Ssani 
T]Q^"ib& and let the sword be re- 
peated the third time Ez.21,19. 

7S3 m. a doubling ijp"l. 733 the 
doubling of his bit, i. e. his jaws 
Jb.41,5; du. D.^i'ZS? prop, two folds, 

double -^22 n''''?S3 " TD nnph 

T ; — ; • t: -• tI:t 

n''OX!Sn she hath received of the 
Lord's hand double for all her 
sins ls.40,2i .T^'in'? D\'?£)? ">? for 
double fclds hath wisdom (i. e. 
wisdom is manifold) Jb.11,6. 

|£3 i) to bend nJM mm ]g|n 
n''^n^ this vine did bend its 
roots Bz.17,7.— 2) to hunger, to 
pine after, 

1£3 m. hunger Jb.30,3. 

f)£3 ipt p. fl^3| ««/■. fp) to bend, 

to bow down "'B'gJ F|B| they bowed 
down my soul Ps.57,7 (= 1S3|) ; 
i2*N"i Jiiajb'l ibSn is it to bow 
down his head as a bulrush? Is. 
58,5; pt. p. pi. D''?1S| f\p) l\ the 
Lord raiseth fchem that are borved 
down Ps.146,8. 

Mph. ei5J (/Mi. 1 s. fjIN) to bow 
oneself Di-lO ''Tihiih e]3« shall I 
bow myself before the God on 
high Mio.6,6. 

1£3 1) to cover. — 2) to overlay, 

— T 

to besmear Gen. 6,14. — 3) fig. to 
cover sin, to forgive. 

Pi. IM {fut "IS5> ; inf. IS?) 1) 
to forgive, with acciis.: |iy 1B3^ 
he forgave the iniquity Ps. 78,38: 
with hv Jer. 18,23; Ps.79,9; with 
h Bz.16,63; with IVZ 2Chr.30,18.— 
2) to make expiation or atone 
ment for, with hV: |rj3n vh^ -|g?1 
IriKBnD and the priest shall make 
an atonement for him concerning 
his sin Lev.4,26; 5,18; with 1S?3 : 
irriS ny31 nyi 1§31 and he shall 
make an atonement for himself 
and for his house Ex.32,S0; Lev. 
16,6.— 3) to appease, to pacify 

nmaa vjs nn^ax, i win appease 

him with the present Qen.32,21; 
ny^^y, nan tr''J<5 but a wise man 
will pacify it (wrath) Pr. 16,14; 
hence also: to avert, to put off 
nnpl •''??in nS nv\ misfortune, 
which thou shalt not be able to 
avert Is.47,11. 

Pu. 1§| {fut. ns?)) 1) to be for- 
given, to be atoned for T|riK!3D 

T T 


1|?ill thy sin is forgiven Is.6,7; 
0113 1S5 "IlifSwherewith the atone- 
ment was made Ex.29,33; flwS 
S'T.2 12?^."N7 no atonement is to 
be made unto the land for the 
blood Num.85,33.— 2) to be an- 
nulled nia-n^ Djnn? isdj and 

your covenant with death' shall 
be annulled Is.28,18, 

Rithp. ISSnn {fut. nB3n^) to be 
forgiven, atoned for IS. 3,14. 

Nithp. 1334 to be forgiven ISSJI 
Q^l! DQ!? and the blood shall be 
forgiven them Deut.2l,8. 

1S3 (from 1B| 1; c, 1S3, »?. DnS3) 

XT ^ : ■■*■ • 

m. prop, a covered place or an 
enclosure, hence: hamlet, village 
Cant.7,12; lChr.27,25.— njiaSJn IS? 
^r. M, a place in Benjamin Jos. 

1S5 «. i; ="1S| village iS.6,18.— 
2) pitch (from '1B| .2) 19>3 "ISI 
to overlay (besmear) with pitch 
Gen.6,14. — 5) cypress-flower "TS'^tJ 
"Igan a cluster of the cyppress- 
bush Cant.1,14; pi. CnS| 4,13.— 
4) ransom (prop, covering of sin, 
from "IM 3) iti'SJ "igS a ransom 
of his soul Ex.'30,l'2; T11M thy 
ransom Is.43,3. 

£l''1S3 (from 1B| 2) m. pi. atone- 
ment, forgiveness D''1p3n nNBH QT 
the blood of the sin offering of 
atonement Ex,30,l0; Onpsn Dii 
the day of atonement Lev.23,27. 

m£3 (from nS3 1) f. cover of the 
■ ... I - ■^ 

ark of the covenant Ex. 25.17 


(Vulgate: propitiatory; Eng. Bible: 
mercy seat, as if from ^B.^ Pi.) j 
hence of the most holy place in 
the temple: rllBSn iT'S the house 
of the cover of the ark lChr.28, 
11 (Eng. Bible: the place of the 
mercy seat). 

^S3 (= tJ'J?) to tread, to press 
{Kal not used). 

Hiph. ti> 1 B 3 n to press down 
IgXS ''JU^''B3n he pressed me down 
in ashes Lam.3,16 (Eng. Bible: he 
covered me with ashes). 

n£3 Ch. to bind, to fetter; pt. p. 
DBS bound Dan.3,21. 

Pa. nS3 {inf. nri|3) to bind Uan. 
3,20; pt. p. nB3p bound v. 23. 

~i*nS3 !■, Iifl?3 {pi. nnriB3) m. li 
pillar-top, chapiter Am.9,1; Zph. 
2,14.— 2) knob, crown (ornament 
of the candelabrum) Ex.25,33. 

"inSS n. pr. n. the island Crete 
Jer.47,4; gent. pi. Di"iriE3 Gen. 10, 
14; Deut.2,23; Am. 9,7. 

13 (from ■|13 2;pJ.n"''l3)™-^)lamb, 
sheep Deut.32,14; Ez.39,18; Am.6, 
4; coll. Is.16,1 f'5^< h'^S'O IQ-in^E* 
send ye lambs to the Lord of the 
land, i. e. as a tribute (comp. 2K. 
3,4).— 2) fig. battering-ram (an 
instrument of war) Ez.4,2; 21,27. — 
5) fat pasture OPI'lJ 13 a large 
pasture Js.30,23; |N2fn D^S ItTiS 
the pastures are clothed with 
flocks Ps.65,14.— 4)saddle-cushion 
Gen.31,34 (in the Talm. 13 pillow, 



15 see "'"11 . 

13 m. a measure for dry goods 
and liquids IK.5,25 (= 10 HSiN 
er 10 na Bz.45,14). 

X13 Ch. to be pained, to grieve; 
only Ithp. ''ISn^i to be grieved 
''llll miSri!* my spirit was grieved 

bl'12 (Pi- of Saa with inserted 1) to 
bind around, to gird, to clothe; only 
Pu. pt. '7|*1?l? girded, clothed 
IChr. 15,27 (in the parallel passage 
2S.6,14 lljg). 

r;73l3 Ch. /■. mantle Dan.3,21. 
m3 I. (.fut. nn?;) 1) to dig (a well, 

T T 

a pit or grave) Gen. 26,25; 50,5; 
fig. of plots or devices against 
any one: VVSjS? nn'IB* n| ttey 
have digged a pit for my soul 
Jer.18,20; C3y\"1"'?r n?n ye dig 
[& pit] for your friend Jb.6,27; 
hence: to devise TTp hv'>h^ tV^N 
nyT a wicked man deviseth evil 
Pr.16,27; ,„h W^i} niS to open 
one's ears Ps.40,7 (comp. ]\)< finS 
Is.50,5 a. i:.X n4 IS.20,2).'— On 
Jb.40,30 see under nns II. 

Niph. niDJ (fut. n-iy.) to be 
digged Ps.9'4,13. 
mS 51. to buy, to acquire rn^.^y 

TT T • . . T 

^f and I bought her to me Hos. 
3,2; eiS52 nmO 1130 D\D ye shall 
buy water of them for money 
Deut.2,6; ^h >n>-i'2 IfX nip the 
grave which I have bought for 
me Gen.50,5 (others refer ^'^''^| 

to ni| I. to dig); with ^U ace 
Puerst: to conclude a bargain for 

Diian )^h'J ns'' shall the com- 

• T - TT 

panions conclude a bargain for 
him? Jb.40,30 (Eng. Bible: shall 
the companions make a banquet 
of him? see HIS III.). 

m3 III (den. from HIS; fut, niS^) 

TT ^ 

to give or prepare a banquet 2K. 

mS I- (from ni|I.)f.pit,well;only 

pi c. riia Zph.2,6. 
n"13 II- (from 153) prop, a com- 

T" "*" 

pany sitting iu a circle, hence: 
feast, banquet 2K.6,23. 

2T\2 (pl- Q^ill? , C?"!?) m. in the 
theology of the Hebrews, a ce- 
lestial creature uniting the forms 
of a man, a lion, an ox, and an 
eagle. The Cherubim are men- 
tioned as guards of the approach 
to paradise (Gen. 3,4) and as bear- 
ers of the chariot of God (Ez. 
chap. 1 a. 10). In the holy of 
holies two images of the Cherubim 
overlaid with gold, with expanded 
wings, stood upon the cover of 
the ark (Ex.25,18— 20); hence of 
God: n''a'n?n JU>i who sitteth 
upon the Cherubim IS.4,4; Ps. 
80,2; fig. of the king of Tyre: 
t|5Dn 3115 covering Cherub Ez. 
28,16.— The etymology of in? 
is obscure; some think the D''51"l5 
to be identical with the griffins 
(in Greek grypes), fabulous eagle- 
shaped and lion-shaped animals 




which were supposed to guard 
the gold mountains in India and 

i1"l3 II- P''- n. a place in Baby- 
lonia Ezr.2,59. 

tna Gil. (def. HVtlS) m. herald, 
crier Dan. 3,4. 

T13 Ch. to cry out, to proclaim. — 
Aph. flDN to announce, to make 
known Dan.5,29. 

^")3 fl'ewt. a Carian, coll. the Carians, 

• T 

warriors from Caria (in the south 
west of Asia Minor), who served 
as body-guards of the Hebrew 
kings: n'V"liTl ^1|D the guards and 
the runners 2K.11,4: a. 19; in 2S. 
20,30 ''ni KU^ for lOH? • 
ri'''^5 P*'' w. a torrent near the Jor- 
dan IK.17,3. 

n^nna , i^'T^? ^^'■°™ "^?^ i"'°i'- 

a cutting ofi", hence: separation, 
divorce nn^l? 1§D bill of divorce 
Deut.24,1; pi. sf. 'n''Dri^'!| 1?B her 
bill of divorce Jer.3,'8 e= 1 g D 


^Hi to clothe, to cover, to wrap, 
whence T|''"15ri . 

2315 (sf. i23"l|) m. margin, bor- 
der Ex. 27,5; 38,4. 

D312 *»• saffron, crocus Cant.4,14 
(the word is of Indian origin!. 

5J?t|22'-)3 (= tl' iD3 t]^! city of Che- 
mosh) pr. n. a city on the Eu- 
phrates ls.10,9 (=CircesIum). 

DS^3 i""- "■ ^ Persian eunuch Est, 

m3"l3 (from 111) f. swift camel, 

TT : ■ ^ 

dromedary; only pi. nill"!? Is. 
ffnj to cultivate, to make fruitful, 

whence nn| , nis , '?a'!5. 
Q"i3 , '^ D."?|| Csf ''?"3 ; p^. D"'fi'5? , 0. 

1D1.3) m. (f. Is.27,2 a. 3) 1\ garden 
n)tD"l3 (ilive-garden, olive-yard 
Jud.l5,5| more frequently: vine- 
yard Ex 22,4; fully 190 0^.3 a 
wine-garden Is.27,2, for which the 
Sepluagint readslCn D13 a pleas- 
ant vineyard (after Am.5,11). 

Q13 (pi- C^IS) w*. vine-dresser Is. 
61,5; Jo.1,11. 

^£313 i""- ". -?) a BOH of Reuben Gen. 
46,9; Ex.6,14; also as pair, (for 
I'DIJ) Num.26,6.— 5) another 
person Jo8.7,l. 

7''D^3 »*. carmine, crimson color, 

crimson stuffs 2Chr.2,6 (ace. Ges. 

the word is of Persian origin). 

^J?*13 (from n'2'2 with formative h , 
.. ._ 

like '7;;;:?^ , TE'iy. ; sf. V 
i) garden, garden-land, fruitful 
field as opposed to the desert Is. 
10,18 and to a wild forest 29,17; 
''P150 pK the land of gardens 
Jer!2,7; i'^pia "IVI its garden-like 
forest (i. e, its fruitful soil) 2K. 
19,23.— 2) garden-grain bl^)^ tt*^! 
grits of garden-grain Lev. 2,14 
(Eng. Bible: green ears).— 3)pr. n. 
Carmel: a) a promontory jutting 
out into the Mediterranean on 
the southern border of Asher, 
celebrated for its fertility and 




the beauty of its forests and 
flowers; commonly with the article 
'^Pian the Carmel Am.l,2i 9,3; 
.ier.'4,26, etc.; fully h^'l^U nn the 
the Carmel-mountain IK. 18, 19; 
without article Jos. 19,26; Is.39,9 
lSFah.1,4; S^IS Cant.7,6 = 'jipiS 
crimson-color. I) a mountain-city 
in Judah west of the Dead Sea 
gent. ''ippnS IS.30,5 a. 28.23,35, 
f. iT''71?"]'3'lS.27,3. 

Jt : 

WpIS Ch. (= Heb. KB5) m. throne 

Dan.5,20; sf. n'»p1| 7,9; pi. ]'0'\2 ib. 

. . 

DD13 Pi- of DD3 , which see. 

V12 (fut. j?n?:, 1 nr^DHii't- ??,?>, 

;)j! D^Vi^ , /'. pi- rii:;i3 ; mf. y-]?) 
to stoop down, to bow down, to 
kneel down D^S'!?-'??? Vl"^ to bow 
down on one's knees Jud.7, 6; 
^in^'? r5"^r J''l| he stooped down, 
he couched as a lion Ger).49,9; 
with ''JS'? or S : before iy"13'< VJE"? 
D';V they that dwell in the wilder- 
ness shall bow before him Ps, 
V2,9; Tl^l'Sa :i?n?n -iS before me 
o.very knee shall bow Is.45,23; of 
those who bow down with the 
whole person: HVIK D^SK 1J^1?!J 
they bowed themselves with their 
faces to the ground 2Chr.7,3; of 
those whose strength fails: ^Vl^ 
1,SJ1 they bow down and fall 
?s.2b,9; hence niy"13 D^IIS bow- 
ing (i. e. feeble) knees Jb.4,4; of 
i man's intercourse with a wo- 

man: I'l'rintl pypp; n\i?571.and others 
shall bow down upon her Jb. 

Siph. 5?''p?n (fut. rn?:; inf. 
^i?15Q) 1) to bow down, to pros- 
trate, to subdue ■'nnn iDj^ yiDri 
thou hast subdued under me those 
that rose up against me Ps. 
18,40.— 2) to bring low, to af- 
flict ''J^;''i3n rnan thou hast 

brought me very low Jud. 11,35. 

^13 (.from J/l|) f- lower part ox 
the thigh, leg; only au. D ^ S? 1 3 
Lev.1,13; Am.3,12; of the legs of 
leaping insects Lev.ii,i2; sf. VS?^? 

D£^3 m. fine white cotton, cotton- 
stuff Est.1,6 (the word is of Per- 
sian origin). 

^^3 1) to move round, to turn in a 
circle.— 2) to be thick, fat, whence 
*15 {Kal not used). 

Pi. redupl. IS"!? to turn about, 
to dance; pt. ISIDI? 28.6,14, for 
which in the parallel passage 
lChr.15,29 np.lKJ . 

tJ'I.S to be curved, arched. 

JI'^S m. belly, paunch; only sf. 
ia?::? Jer.51,34. 

Q"J2 pr- n. Cyrus, celebrated Per- 
sian king, deliverer of the Hebrew 
exiles Is.44,28; Dan.1,21; Ezr.1,1, 
2Chr. 86,22. 

NJSjnS pr. n. a dignitary at the 
Court of Xerxes Est.1,14. 

nns (i''fi,i|, 2ni3; fnt. ni?: , 

-n^p; ; pt. ni3 ; pt. p. nn| , f. pi. 




riim_5 ; imp. n'is , -n;!3 , nn-ii 
2S.3,'i2; inf. jii|' n'i3,"-n5?i^ 
"n'l?!?, s/^. ^rn.|) i) to 'cut, to 'cut 

off: part of a garment IS.24,5; 
branch of a tree Num.13,24; a 
tree Jer.10,3, whence CV.V? "Tll'S 
the wood-cutters 2Chr. 2,9; the 
head and other parts of the body 
IS.5,4; the foreskin Ex.4,25; ni| 
Q'.l?''? to cut in two parts Jer.34, 
18; pt. p. n^nS one whose privy 
member is cut off Lev. 22,24, fully 
nD?tt' nn? Deut.23,2; fig. of per- 
sons : to destroy, to root out 
C'.n f:jN!? 1iliP"l?J let us cut him 
off (i. e. root out) from the land 
of the living Jer.11,19.— 2) nn3 
n''"13 to make a covenant or league 
(in allusion to the custom of cut- 
ting an animal on the occasion 
of making a covenant Gen. 15,10) 
with riN C!^^) Gen. 15,18; Bx.34,27, 
or ay Ex.24,8; IK.8,9; also with 
7 of the person, in which case 
the phrase has the meaning of 
giving a solemn promise or mak- 
ing a vow: M'^rpiih nil^Tl'ip^ nPiV) 
Q'^m-b^ «''VlnS let us now make 
a covenant with our God (i. e. 
solemnly promise him) to put 
away all our wives Ezr.10,3) poet. 
■'J'^yS ''niS nna I made a cove- 
nant with (i. e. a vow to) mine 
eyes Jb.31,1; with hv of the per- 
son: to make a league against 
Ps.83,6; sometimes ri''13 is omit- 
ted: •'^'<,-I5-d:; ■'^a'nn^i that my 

son hath made a league with the 

son of Jesse lS.22,8; ^S-np?n; 
Dl^ffl and hast made thee a cove 
nant with them Is.57,8; insteatj 
of rT'lS once HJOt! covenant Neh 
10,1 and once 10T , word, proraisp 

Niph. n!!?5 ifut. ni|t ; inf. ni|r) 
1) to be cut down: of a tree Jb 
14,7; fig. of persons; to be cut oC; 
destroyed, to perish Gen.9,ll;Pr. 
2,22; in the same sense: nri'15'51 
n'>pD N'\nn a>g|n andthatpers'oJ 
shall be cut off from his people 
Lev.7,20.— 2) to exile nns''. nS 
"IW^ID shall not be cut off(i. e, 
exiled) from the city Zch 14,2.— 

3) to take away nnD.5 ''3 D-'DS?"'??; 
D.3''£P because of the new wine, 
that it is taken away from your 
mouth Is.1,5; D^SJ b^i< the food 
is cut off, i. e., taken away v. 16. — 

4) to be cut asunder, to be di- 
vided linil": I'nTJl V. ^he waters 
of Jordan shall be cut asunder 
Jos.3,13) of food: to be chewed 
(others: to be consumed) "I2>3n 
ntlll D-l.^ nD\32> ]^3 l^niJ^ while 
the flesh was yet between their 
teeth, ere it was chewed Num. 
11,33.— S) to be cut off, to be 
interrupted, to cease D3!3 n^.3^. X7 
131? there shall not cease to be 
of you servants Jos.9,23 (Bng. 
Bible: there shall none of you 
be freed from being bondmen); 
also of the interruption of issue 
IK.2,4; R.4,10; of hope: to be cut 
off, to be lost Pr.24,14. 




Pu. ni3 a. n"!!! 1.0 be cut down, 
to be cut off Jud.6,28; Ez.16,4. 

Hiph. nn5ri (i •';:in.?n; fwt 
nnpi , n").?!) i) to cutt off, to cut 

down, to destroy, to root out 

Q5\jan-nx •';?i?n^ and i win cut 

down (destroy) your sun-images 
Lev 26,30; of persons: nni< ^ri!!?ni 
HHl? P^lj?.!? and I will cut him off 
(root him out) from among his 
people 17,10. — 2) to cut off, to ■ 
take away, to withdraw ri^"!2ri k'7 

nSij/'isj i;:ii3 DVD ;Tipn-nK'' thou 

wilt not withdraw thy kindness 
from my house for ever IS. 20,15. 
Hopti. ril?n to be cut off, with- 
drawn '■^0.1,9. 

nm3 f- hev/ed beam; only pi, 
nihil IK.6,36. 

''n'13 gent, a Cretan, pi. Dinns IS. 

30,'i4-. Ez.25,16; coll. ''nSsni \nnsn 

the Cretans and the Philistines 
2S.S,18 (these were warriors who 
served as body-guards of David; 
comp. ''13). 

^K'S {= '^5;?. i pl- D'?|*|) m,. lamb 

Gen. 30,32. 
nati'S (= nb^aS) f. lamb Lev.5,6. 

"7^3 pr. n. son of Nahor, the 
brother of Abraham Gen.22,22. 

'■^ffi.'S m. 1) gent only pL' bi'lB>5 
the Chaldeans; p^ip^ fni^ the 
land of the Chaldeans, Chaldea 
Jer. 25,5; also D^lti>3 ^omitting 
r.)^) 50,10, with n' loc. nDnt?3 
Bz.23,16. In a wider sense O^^jth^ 
Gomprlsed also Mesopotamia, 

whence D''W| {*ll!j of a regioL 
by the river Chebor Bz.1,3; alsc 
DnB>| 11X a city of upper Meso- 
potamia Gen.11,28.— 3) by meto- 
nymy: astrologer, magician Dan. 
2, 2 a. 4 (the Chaldean priests 
were much occupied with astro- 
nomical observations). 

i'qi2^3 Ch. 1) Chaldean; ij2.]>'5ip3, 
def. K^.'jii'S Dan.3,8.— • 2) astrol- 
oger, magician Dan.2,10; 4,4. 

il^2 (akin to noS) to be covered 
wi'lh fat, to grow fat n"'?S? Bi^f 
JT'tl'S thou art waxen fat, thou 
art grown thick, thou art covered 
with fatness Deul.32,15. 

^'^3 (from '?B>|) m. axe (as a 
felling instrument) Ps,74,6. 

b\i/'2 (.M- b'^'^\ only Ktib Pr.4,16; 
pt. '?E'i3, f. jjJ. nibt|>3; inf. h^Z'^) 
1) prop, to totter; hence: to stumble, 
with a : "hm Vi>3 onyj the chil- 
dren stumbled under the wood 
Lam.5,13; VnS'^ V^ii 'i'tMI and 
they shall stumble one over the 
other Lev.26,37; -fig. TJAilJa 0^2*3 
thou bast stumbled through thine 
iniquity Hos.14,2; n5.« 3in°in ri'^p^ 
truth stumbled in the street Is. 
59,14.— 2) to f^ll "linK ^hviy\ that 
they might fall backward Is. 28 
13; of the fall of a kingdom 
Is.3,8. — 5) to become weak, feeble 
Di2fD \hf^ •'n;; my knees are 
weak through fasting Ps. 109,24; 
niS^'a 0)313 feeble (prop, totter- 
ing) knees Is.35,3; in general: to 
fail '?3Dn 03 "jE*! the strength 




of the bearers faileth Neh.4,4; 
■inb '<^1U3 hp5 my strength failetl 
because of mine iniquity Ps.31,11. 

Niph. '7B^3J (fut. h^^\;pt. Sb*3J) 
1) to stumble, to fall Pr.4,12i in 
a moral sense: DJil?.3 iSti'S'; they 
shall fall in their iniquity Hos. 
5,5. — 2) to be stumbled, to be weak 
h)!l nm □\'?B'?3: and they that 
are stumbled (or weak) are girded 
with strength IS. 2,4. 

Pi. '^\^;> (fut. h^y) to cause to 
fall; only Ez.36,14' Ktib ■'ht^5!? 
{but Kri ^h^W^^ , from h^^ , is to 
be preferred). 

Hiph. h''^2:^ [fut b^^2!l; inf. 
biB'pn) IJ to cause to stumble, 
to cause to fall 2Chr.25,8; in a 
moral sense Jer.8,15; Mal.2,8. — 
8) to make to fail, to weaken 

Soph. b^;ir^ {pt hf^p) to be 

made to fall," to be overthrown 

jl^^Jp w. stumbling, fall, ruin Pr. 

t]tJ>3 to mutter, to murmur (Kal 
not used). 

Fi. f]^^ to mutter incantations, 
to practice magic, to use witch- 
craft 2ChT.33fi; pt. f\^21^ sorcerer, 
magician Bx.7,11; /. nsaJDI? 22,17. 

«'j&'3 «• only pi. n^Sf^ sorcery, 
witchcraft Is. 47,9; D''E^| rhv.5 
mistress of witchcraft, i. e. a 
sorceress Nah.3.4. 

P]tJ^3 m. magician, sorcerer Jer. 

l&'Z (M. ItJ^D'') 1) to be right. 

■■'■ ■ L 

proper, pleasing ''iSv "l^'Jil "l???! 

T]78n and the thing be right be- 
fore the king (1. e. if it please 
him) Est.8,5.— 2) to prosper, to 
succeed Ec.11,6. 

Biph. I^^Sn (inf. 'T'2*5n) to 
make prosper, succeed (.others: to 
make proper, fit) nD?n T>fi?5n ]iin^. 
wisdom is the advantage of mak- 
ing a thing prosper (or fit) Be. 
]1"]2'3 «• 1) fitness, ability Ec.2, 
21. — 2) prosperity, success JintJ*! 
n.^l?BO success in work Ec.4,4 
(others: ability for work). — 3) 
profit, advantage | i "I B' 3 " H 1 
n^^yj? and what profit is there 
to the owners thereof? Ec.5,10. 

ins (fut. in?: ; pt. ans ; pt. p. 

aina ; inf. :iin| , Oh^) l) to write, 
with accus. of the thing written 
and '7^J or 1 of the person to 
whom the writing is addressed 
28.11,14; Deut.24,1; h^ in3 also 
means: to write of or concerning 
Jer.51,60; with '7^ of the person: 
to write for, concerning Est. 8,8, 
against Ezr. 4,6, or to (= '7is') 
2Chr 30,1; Ezr.4,7; with hv or 2 
of the material or book: to write 
upon, to write in r\'rh'!T'Ti Jri| 
to write upon the tablets Ex.34,li 
1Bp"73J iri| to write in a book 

Jos,io,i3; ^^yaf n^T hv Qijin? 

written in tbs chronicles of Samu- 




el IChr. 29 ,29; niiPl I9D4) a>n|n 
niyS that is written in the hock 
of the law of Moses Jos. 23,6; fig. 
Xr'^'^ 3ri| to write upon the 
heart Jer.31,33; with 3 of the in- 
strument: to write with Is. 8,1; Ex, 
31,18; with omission of 3: 5n5^ 
Xb- ^"1^ ^s ^ill write with his' 
hand: To the Lord (i. e. he will 
inscribe himself unto the Lord) 
Is.44,5; nsp iri| to write from 
one's mouth, i. e. after the oral 
dictation of a person Jer. 36,17. — 
2) to write down, to inscribe 
Num. 33,2; D'^^qS iinSn "^l every 
one who is Inscribed unto life 
(1. e. destined for life) Is. 4, 3; 
□iQl? 3in?3 at the writing down 
(i. e. at the registering) of the 
peoples , Ps.87,6. — 3) to write 
about, to describe, as a land Jos. 
18,4.— 4:) to prescribe, with 71? : 
ir!?^ iinsn Sb? according to all 
that Is prescribed unto us 2K.22, 
13 (Eng. Bible: which is writen 
about us); also with '7^' Bst.9,23 
or S 2K 17,37, Pr.22,20.— 5) to 
subscribe (of witnesses) Jer.32,12. 

Niph. an5J (fut. 2r\'2\) l) to be 
written Est.8.8. — 2) to be writ- 
ten down, inscribed Ps.69,29; Jb. 

Pi. an? (vt. iriDD) to write, to 
write down lin? "^pr CJ^iaDI and 
the writers who write down 
wrongful things Is. 10, 1 (Eng. 
Bible: and that write griveoua- 
aiss which thpy have prescribed). 

jnS Ch. to write Bzr.4,8; fut. ^rjT. 

5,i0; pt. f. KJO| Dan.5,5; pt. p. 

i''C? Bzr.5,7. 
ins iTii- 1) mode of wrting Est.l 

T : 

22.— 2) writing, document '^^'^ 
iTin the writing of the decree 
Bst.4,8.— 5; regi ster Q''i2>niO)?n in^ 
genealogical register Bzr.2,62.— 
4; book np.N ari23 DIE'T noted ir 
the book of truth Dan.10,21.— 5,' 
writing, letter i^?? •••"IQ'*'!] and 
he answered... in writing (by let- 
ter) 2Chr.2,10. 

3n3 Ch. m. 1) writing, inscription 
Dan.5,7. — 2) written document, 
edict Dan.6,9.— 3) prescript ''^ 
iri3 X|J without prescription Ezr. 

nans f- a writing rpyfi ng'ns 

etched-in writing Lev.19,28. 

Q'"jri3 a. D''*n3 gent. pi. the Chittim 
or inhabitants of Citium, an an- 
cient city of Cyprus; in a wider 
acceptation: the Cyprians Gen.lO, 
4; Is.23,12{ D'';?? f"ni< land of the 
Chittim, i. e. Cyprus Is.23,1; V.« 
C'riD Islands of the Chittim, i. e. 
islands and coast-lands of Ihe 
Mediterranean Jer. 2,10; Ez.27,6; 
Qin? n'';V ships of Chittim Dan. 
11,30 is supposed to refer to Ro- 
man snips; D^ri3 TO D'l'S ships of 
the coast of Chittim Num.24,24- 
is understood to refer to a fleet 
which came from Greece. 

n^nS (from nri|) adj. beaten \^^ 
n^ri3 beaten oil, i. e. fine oil 




from pounded olives (not pressed) 

Lev 24,2. 
7rii3 Ges.: to enclose; Puerst: to 

bfi3 m. wall, sf. 1J^.n3 Cant.2,9. 

7n3 Ch. TO. wall Dan.5,5; pi. def. 

«;'zri| Ezr.5,8. 
^ vri3 P*". «. a place in Judah Jos. 

DnS 1) to glitter, whence 00,5 (^oJ 

not used). — 2) to engrave, to 

write (= 303), whence DMl? . 

Niph. on^j (jpt. nnaj) to be 

written ?lJiy. oriS^ thine iniquity 

Is written (ace. oihers: marked) 

ana »». ane goW Pr.25,12; Cant. 

Ifli in Bthiopic p3 to cover, to 

nfnS a. nin? (from pa ; comp. also 

Greek Chiton) f. shirt, tunic (Bng. 

Bible: coat, garment) Gen.37,3; 

28.13,18; sf. injri| Cant.5,3; pi 

nTjri5 Ex.29,8; c. n1JCi| Gen.3,21; 

sf. Dnijns Lev. 10,5. 

fins (c. ^iq?; ^M- d:so|,s/'-i'?o|; 
pi. niso3 or nsna, c. nisip?) /". 

i; shoulder eiDS-'^y ^n^H'fi they 
bear him upon the shoulder Is. 

46, 7; D'^n^y. ^Cl"''- "P°° *'^® 
shoulder of young asses 80,6; 
fig. ntl'liD f\n^ lir).*! and they 
showed' a rebellious shoulder, 
i. 6. refused to obey Zch.7,11; 
Ti|)n3 ]''3 between his shoulders. 

i. e. upon his back IS. 17,6.— 
2) side, border IK.6,8 (of a house); 

Jos.15,8 (of a city); nn|n nisn? 

sides of the door Ez.41,2; IBV] 
Dii(jl0S e]ri3^ they shall fly (rush) 
upon the border of the Philis- 
tines Is. 11,14. — 3) undersetter, 
support IK. 7,30 a. 34.— 4) pi. 
nisri? shoulder-parts (of the 
ephod) Ex.28,7. 

^ri3 to surround, whence *in5, 
n^o'^ (-KoZ not used). 

Pi. iris 1) to surround, to be- 
siege Jud.20,43; Ps.22,13.— 2) to 
wait (prop, to go round and round) 
•l\!Jr ''^■"ini wait for me a little 

Hiph. T'nDO (fut. T"??:) 1) to 
surround, to encompass about; 
in a hostile sense; TlX "I^HSM V^'^ 
p'^'l^n the wicked encompasseth 
about the righteous Hab.1,4; also 
in a good sense, with 3; 1"lfl3^ '3 
D''p^1^ the righteous shall en- 
compass me about Ps. 142,8 (others; 
shall crown, i. e. glorify, them- 
selves with me). — 2) intr. to 
crown oneself, to be crowned 
n^T. T\P\y D''pnj;. the prudent are 
crowned with knowledge Pr.14,18. 

^^3 (.from iri3) m. crown, diadem 

riirib (p2- iTilHS) f- crown of a 
column, capital IK.7,16. 

ti'rS (akin to nri3 ; fut. M?;) f.o 
pound, to bruise Pr.27,22. 




nri3 (1 "'O-ns ; M- i^31 ; pt nina ; 
?"OTp. ji3 , pi. ins ; mf. nins) i) to 

»eat, with v; to beat into, to 
forge nin5n!2 ^y^i< ins beat your 
ploughshares into swords Jo, 4, 
10. — 2) to stamp, to pound riSNI 
inx and I stamped it Deut.9,21. — 
5) to beat or break in pieces 
ninS D'^'IV^"' ^5?. a potters' vessel 
broken in pieces Is.30,14. — 4) to 
beat down, to rout ViSIS \~lin31 
Vfi I will beat down his enemies 
before his face Ps.89,24.— 5) to 
crush, to maim; pt. p. nin3 one 
crushed, i. e. maimed by crush- 
ing the testicles Lev. 22,4. 

Pi. nn? 1) to beat, to forge, 
with h : DiflK^ nnia'in inn?1 and 
they shall beat their swords into 
ploughshares Is. 2,4; Mic. 4,3.— 
2) to beat in pieces, to pound 

2Chr.34,7.— 3) to strike, to de- 
stroy (of a land) Zch.11,6. 

Pu. nni to be dashed together 
(of civil war): "iiJ3-iiJ inn?1 and 
nation was dashed against na- 
tion 2Chr.l5,6. 

Siph. njjn (fut. n3^) to smite, 
to discomfit, to rout DSriK in|M 
and they smote you Deut.1,44; 
with sf. DinS^I and they discom- 
fited them Num.14,45. 

Hopfi. mrj (/■««. m; , pi. inij) 

1) to be beaten in pieces, to be 
broken inS'; n''7.''pQ her graven 
images shall be beaten in pieces 
Mic. 1,7.— 2) to be beaten down, 
to be smitten in3^_ Dp''!l.''3^ their 
mighty ones are beaten down 
Jer.46,5; 15?K>-n|; ,TNB*1 and the 
gate is smitten with destruction 
Is. 24,1 2. 


7 the twelfth letter of the alpha- 
bet, called Lamed Ifib ox-goad 
(== "lO??), because of its original 
similarity to the figure of that 
instrument; as a numeral = 30, 

~^ (immediately before the accent 
usually -h : in^ , nvjb ; combined 
with the def. art. 5 , ^ , !? , as: 

,-.7 T"T t*t:' 

0^52 = Danp? ; before a vowel- 
less "I it is punctated S , as D"''1t!>i'j ; 
with*/. '•S; ?1^, HD^", A a. f.\hi 

i'',/. nS; Mb- 051. /"-P^and 
^J5^i D^,nanS,poenD|;/-.|0S, 

in^, n^iHl) prep- 1) to, towards 
"f IDJ to give to Gen. 1,39; "S "131 
to speak to 28,15; "S TjSn to go 
to IS. 10,26; -\ Nia to come to Is. 
59,20; -b_ yyp^ to come near to Jb. 
33,22; DSij^r D^O|>S !lNi2> lift up 
your eyes towards the heavens 
Is.51,6.- 2) for -) n|*« ni2^ to 
take a wife for Gen.24,4; |itD 
ni'jij V;iN^ food for his father. 




for the journey 45,25; D'IK'? JiD 
good for man Bc.6,12; 'h cnhi to 
fight for Ex.14,14; 'h ^i^ to 'con- 
tend for Jud.6,31; ''h 1i;irD to 
entreat for Ex 10,17.— .?; into (of 
a change) »'V^'i.U riX □''ll'^X ;;. ]5»J 
Uf^i and the Lord God made the 
rib... into a woman Gen. 2, 22; 
hence ~^ TjSn to turn into Ps.66, 



^^ to be turned into, to 

become Lam.1,2; B'S:'? DlNn \T'1 
rvn and the man became a living 
soul Gen. 2,7; sometimes 'h n\T 
to become as: ]^^1 riTI Kini and 
he became as a stone IS.25,37; 
with n;n implied: ITDSS i|?S? n3 
the daughter of my people is [be- 
come! cruel Lam.4,3; ''hnh tTNl S| 
the whole head is [become] sick 
Is. 1,5; after a verb of division: 
into D^.iE''? ni| to cut into two 
[parts] Jer.34,18; ...Dlfn-n^ •('nj'J 
mm ^:^h and he divided the 
people... into two bands Gen. 32, 
8.— 4) at ■'SS nnm.^^''? at this 
my heart trembleth'jb.37',1; ym"? 
^h IJ^Pf ''. |rN at the hearing of the 
ear they obey me Ps.l8,45. — 5) 
by, of D.?S nfy.''. inaS Kin this only 
may be prepared by you Bx.l2,16; 
tO^^Jo'? y^^i If t«5 when it was 
heard by Sanballat Neh.6,1; Hin 
"7 to conceive by one Gen. 38,18; 
nin ''3J« iS n^N *ip E'''n'p by the 
man, whose these are, I am with 
child V. 25; Unh 10;?^ he is en- 
treated of (by) them, i. e. he 
listens to their prayers Is.19,22; 

nin'? ibt.a psalm of (or by) David 

P8,3,l etc.; na'a.':' n^Sfl a prayer 

of Moses 90,1;' ''i'ra^ D'^D'H nan 
. ''■•:-: -T- •■: • 

^??'5'?'I the book of the chronicles 
of the kings of Israel IK. 15,31; 

Q51 HNJ 'r|-':iy ...;';|5 ni'' 13 for the 

day of the Lord... shall be upon 
every one that is proud and lofty 
Is.2,12i rfj V.n'? of Noah's life Gen. 
7,11; V-iph 1™? on the first day 
of the month '8!l3; "I'lB'SjS yjB^n 

' ' ■ T V " T T - 

the abundance of the rich man 
Be. 5, 11; p'l'l^!? t02?C aits bet- 
ter is the little of the righteous 
man (i. e. a little that the right- 
eous man hath is better) Ps.37, 
16.— 6) by, with (instrumental) 
y)l4 nWT to see with the eye Bz. 
12,12; -\^2il WJ.ili'SS with (by) our 
tongue will we prevail Ps.12,6.— 
7) within, in, at (of time) DB^'^B''? 
D''D^^ within three days Ezr.10,85 
QijB* ^hfh nnw once in three 
years lK.l6,22; n^iB* "liJT Qia;*? 
in yet seven days Gen. 7,4.— 8) 
distributively: each, every, by 
-\p2b Jer.21,12, pi. n^'lp^h Jb.7,18 
overy morning; D''E7K51 riispl? 
by hundreds and by thousands 
2S.18,4; im nnxS one by one, 
singly Is, 27,12.— 9) after (of time) 
a'^l^in^hfh after three days Am. 
4,4; D"'J3J. Ci\r}:^h after two years 
28.13,23.- 10) to, until T'Vg'z to 
the harvest Am.4,7; ip.iS until 
the morning Deut.16,4.— II) to, 
even to, until pTI ''7J7 even to no 
measure, i. e. without measure- 




Is.5,14; nnwif ]''«'? even to no 
remnant, i. e. until there would 
be no remnant Ezr.9,14j D"'jrj3 
D'''1tl'?i1 ns'P7 priests to [the num- 
ber ofj a hundred and twenty 
2Chr.5,12; of degree: even iih 
IJ-J h'^i V^r ibr: there shall not 
be imposed upon him even any- 
thing, i. e. he shall not be charged 
with any business whatsoever 
Dei:t.24,5. — 11) concerning, of, 

about yjA h:2b niinn nxr this is 

the law concerning every man- 
ner of plague Lev. U, 54:; 120^ 
li^i? ''P^^ it shall be related of 
the Lord to the [future] generation 
Ps.22,31; ...nibB'S "tN^ to ask con- 
cerning the well-being of... 2S. 

11,7.— i^; in nD2n'7i -ipb ...''W 

and he became greater... in riches 
and in wisdom lK.10,23; n'':p.t 
D''!?;'? older in days Jb.32,4. — 
13) inf. with 7 has the meaning 
of the English inf. with 'to', 'in 
order to': n'K"!/ K3 he came to 
see Ps.4l,7; nrisS '<:« ''ni?j3. 1 rose 
up in order to open Cant.5,5; DPI^ 
hb^b bread to eat Gen.28,20i nr 
^15^ a time to bring forth Ec. 
3,2; in the negative the 7 of the 
inf. is joined to the negative par- 
ticle ^rh2 . as: n^S^ to go, -^s:)h2h 

r\^2 not to go R.3,10; preceded by 
nTI inf. with 7 expresses action 
about to take place or necessary 
to take place: H^h tTQf Q irr.-'J! and 
the sun was about to go down 
Gen.15,12; iioh I'Jm ^'r\^^ and the 
gate was to be shut (i. e. it was 

about time to shut it) Jos. 2, 5; 

^i?.|'"]^ '■'^.n^D XJJ and No shall be 
to be (i. e, must be) rent asun- 
der Ez. 30, 16; sometimes with 
omission of r\^^ in the same 
sense: iDyS ±3 Di»ri lij^ yet this 
day he must remain at Nob Is. 
10,32.— U) h is often added after 
verbs to signify action for one's 
own advantage, for oneself: T]'7"T]7 
get thee out (prop, go for thyself) 
Gen.12,1; rfS Q^h Ut? abide ye 
here 22,5; io'^ 1ia>'' x'^ DTia house.? 
which none inhabit [for them- 
selves] Jb, 15,28; "la^? nil ^"r'ncT 
my beloved, be tbou [for thyself] 
like a roe Cant.2,17; r\h riti'^^ri 
which is full Am.2,13.— 15)' "7 
frequently lorms adverbs and 
prepositions of words of other 
parts of speech: nD|37 securely, 
Vi^b to satiety, ESkS gently, pHV^" 
rightly, r\h^h completely, fully, 
*~l^5p^ to meet, etc. — IS) h as 
sign of the accusative case (af- 
ter the manner of the Chaldee): 
IJ^K'ji IJnn they slew Abner 2S. 

3,30 (= ijDN n|<:); so also ^n^ri^h 
for in;Di\-nj< jer.40,2. 

'p Ch. 1) prep, signifying: a) the 
dative case ''b ''IDX tell me Dan. 
2,9; bv^. nnjn'? he" went to his 
house 2,17.6; the genitive case ?]Sp 
''S^f.'? a king of Israel Ezr.5,11, 
15.« niiS nn^fl Di' the third day 
of the month of Adar 6,15. c) the 
accusative case ^3T Sk^JiS SOSd 
the king made Daniel great Dan. 




2,48— 2) joined to the fut. of 
^^l! (to be) it forms the sub- 
junctive mood: ?I!!3D Nin^ blessed 
be Dan.2',20; K.IdV n "np what 
should be v. 29. 

tih (35 times «i'? , 3 times iS) adv. 

1) not XVD K'7 he found not Gen. 
2,20; Ij^a h^m vh thou Shalt 
not eat of it v. 17; sometimes 
interrogatively (like X'^n , which 
see below) Jer.49,9; Jb. 2, 10.— 

2) no, nay ^^IX nS nay, my lord 
Gen.23,1 1. — 3) coupled with nouns 
and adjectives vh negatives their 
meanings: 7X'N'7 no-god, i. e. an 
idol Deut.32,21; Dy-xS no-people, 
i. e. an unworthy people ib,; 
D3n"N'7 not -wise, i. e. foolish Deut. 
32,6; T'pn"^'? not pious, i. e. un- 
godly Ps.43,1. — 4) rarely as a 
noun: nothing x"? DOVH nns?"''? 
for now ye are nothing Jb.6,21.— 
S) with n interrogative N7 ex- 
presses a question in a negative 
form: r\m y'\!i''F\ DX XiSq if thou 
doest well, shalt thou not be 
accepted? Gen.4,7iiS"|DX XIH xSq 
said he not unto me ? 20,5; XvQ 
sometimes signifies: lo ! behold ! 

(like mn , ]n) nx'pni. ^m "iVDn xSq 

lo ! the arrow is beyond thee 
28.15,35; "IgD hv ff'ain| DH-x'^lI 
D''P*r! '"'n^l behold J they are writ- 
ten in the book of the chronicles 
2K.15,36.— 6) with prepositions: 
a) Vh^ without ^199 xS^ without 
money Is.55,1; iinM xS| without 
[doing] as it was written 2Chr. 

30,18; iDi'' xSa without his day, 
i. e. before his time Jb.15,32; with 
omission of 3 : D''33 X? without 
children lChr.2,30; HITN':' with- 
out a way Jb.12,24. h) \h^ with- 
out n'lin x"?^ without law 2Chr. 
15,3; h is joined to X7 also as 
a sign of the dative: nb >XT) to 
him that is without power Jb. 
26,2 (see also Is.65,1). 

N^ 28.18,12 Kri for \h . 

Xb , rh Ch. (= Heb. vh) adv. 1) not 
Dan.2,5; xSn is it not? behold ! 
(=Heb. xSn) Dan.3,24;4,27.— 2) as 
a noun: n|3 as nothing ]")an.4,32. 

yso {= ■Sn^) to burn, whence 

nnixSn . 

'liT X7 J3J-. M. a place in Gilead 

^28.17,27 = lil Sh 9,4. 

nx'P (M- '"'^'?1 , op- « .^|.^) to be 
wearied, exhausted X'SD? IX 7.* J 
nrisn they were wearied to find 
the'^door Gen.19,11; ^\^X 13T nBjq 
i^^.O if we assay to address a 
word to thee, wilt thou be wea- 
ried? Jb.4,2; Tii^x xin nns? 13 

^b.Bl but now it is come upon 
thee, thou art wearied v. 6. 

Niph. nxSj 1) to tire oneself, to 
be tired, weary, exhausted DB>;. 

nx'jji T^nhnx u'^rp^, f[^n nun^ 

nriJi'ia nriX a rain of beneficence 
didst thou send down, God. 
whereby thou didst strengthen 
thy heritage, when it was weary 
Ps.68,10; X{5>J ''CH'p^ I am weary 




to bear Is. 1,14- (comp. Jer.20,9); 
with 3: 1\\n^V il| iTiK^.; thou 
art wearied with the multitude 
of thy counsels Is. 47,13; n^S 

ik!?; niyn "ii?.^"i3i niie'S they 

have taught their tongue to speak 
lies, and weary themselves to 
commit iniquity Jer.9,4. — 2) to 
have an aversion, to loathe IN7JI 
INrn-'jP n:D niriB*^ OnV? and the 
Egyptians shall loathe to drink 
of the water of the river Ex, 7, 18. 
Hiph. nx'pn (f. r\»hu Bz.24,12 
for nnsSn ; inf. niN^H) to make 
weary, to exhaust, to make im- 
patient ^i^i'T nOU now he hath 
made meweary Jb.l6,7;T]''ril5^ri HDI 
and wherein have I wearied thee? 
Mic.6,3; 7^^t<h^l and they have 
wearied thee Jer.12,5; D3I0 IsyDH 

T v: V - : - ■ • T-; : - 

is it too little for you to weary 

men, that ye will weary also 

my God? Is.7,13. 
nX'Piw'.w. Leah, the elder daughter 

of Laban and wife of Jacob Gen. 

IDS? (.= J2I7) 1) to wrap around, 

to cover, to muffle n^ mh ^hm 

T'jS the king covered his face 2S. 

19,5; for tSNbjb.15,6 see under J2K . 
^Xt* adv. softly, gently (see latj). 

tDX? = tS7 , which see. 

"lis? to perform, to make, to minister, 

whence t]NSi5 , nOsbD . 
7N'? pr. n. m. Num.3,24. 

DX^ in Ar. tc unite, to gather to- 

"d^b {«/"■ ''1?^''? a. ''IS!-!N> Is.51,4; pi. 
Q^SS;) prop, union, hence: a 
people, a nation Gen. 25,23; Is. 
17,12, etc. 

D'HN'P V"- w. an Arabian tribe Gen. 

3^ (from :13b ; ':h , sf. ''JpS , T]?^ ; 
pi. niaS) and 33^7 (c. Jib , sf. 

lChr.28,9. with sf. once I'laat 
Neh.2,8 as if from pi. Ci^"^) m. 
J) heart in the widest sense, 
hence: a) the heart as organ of 
the body 28.18,14; Ps.45,6; of the 
soul: ■'iabl ^im n^3 my flesh 
and my heart (i. e. suul) faileth 
Ps.73,26; hence: 7\2h '?« upon thy 
heart, i. e. upon thee Bx.9,14. 
6) the heart as the seat of the 
feelings and of vital strength; 
a3S-'?33 3n« to love with all the 
heart Deut.6,5; ^JJIK ]i« TjaS thy 
heart is not with me (i. e. thou 
lovest me not) Jud.16,15; i'^S W2> 
to hate in the heart Lev.19,17; 
''3; JSM his heart fainted Gen 
45,26; naS XX. IJ their heart 
failed 42,28; ^J3|5; ''Sh my heart 
(i. e. courage) hath forsaken me 
Ps.40,13; 35^n 7]^ faint-hearted, 
i. e. having no courage, timid 
Deut 20,8. c) in reference to char- 
acter and moral conduct: 37 
lin^ a clean heart Ps.51,12; "Dn 
33S integiity of hear .IK.g 4; 33^ 




l?,>;'rf a faithful heart Neh.9,8-, ia?. 
{J^j^i? a perverse heart Ps. 101, 4; 
^5) ^5? with a double heart, i. e. 
insincerely Ps. 12,3 and its con- 
trary a5) a?. ^''^3 without a 
double heart, i. e. sincerely IChr. 
12,33; an unfeeling heart is called 
]5^. 3?. a heart of stone Ez.ll,i9 
or '?yj i5 uncircumcised heart 
Lev.26,4:l; further: 2^5 "Plil stout- 
ness of heart Is. 9,8 and ^5 ^D"! 
largeness of heart Pr.21,4 signify 
haughtiness or pride; the latter 
also denotes joy. ^5?''? ^D'i) and 
thy heart will be enlarged, i. e. 
from joy Is.60,5. d) as the seat 
of will, desire, determination: 
T153?3 ■lB'hr'73 nm do all that 
is in thy'heart lS.U,T;Tmri'7 "'5 
i33'?3 but to destroy is [the de- 
termination] in his heart Is. 10,7; 
n:3 nijp^"? Tl33'?-Dr n\n it was in 
thy heart (i. e. it was in thy 
determination) to build a house 
IK.8,18; i33'73 t!*•'^^ a man after 
his own heart (desire) IS. 13,14. 
e) as the seat of knowledge, think- 
ing, understanding: "DiJ n^"T|.lJ 
i3'7"'73 he told her all his heart 


(i. e. all that he knew) Jud. 16,17; 
^i?? ni^""??? D3i7l3 write them upon 
the table of thy heart (i. e. pre- 
serve them in thy memory) Pr. 
3,3; 353 1DK to say in one's 
heart (i. e. to think) Bc.2,li 3''a>n 
i5"'^« to lay to heart, i. e. to 
recall to mind Lam.3,21; accord- 
ingly 35 denotes understanding: 

D3iD| 33S 1? m I have under- 
standing as well as you Jb.12,3; 
hence 33l? D^D wise of heart Jb. 
9,4; 3.*? Ipn void of understand- 
ing Pr.7,7; 33'? ''a>J« men of heart, 
i. e. of understanding Jb.34,10; 
3.'? na Tiaa he is mighty in 
strength of understanding (of 
intellect) Jb.36,5i sometimes in 
the signiiication of conscience: 
•'33? ^in;.>''7 my heart (con- 
science) shall not reproach [me] 
Jb.27,6; inj< nirj"? tjlland David's 
heart (conscience) smote him 2S. 
24,10; ,..(33'?} 3.'? 3JJ to steal one's 
heart, i. e. to deceive Gen.31,20 
a. 26. — 2) fig. heart, center, 
midst Cl^"353 in the heart (i. e. 
depth) of the sea Ex.15,8; i.'jny 
C.^l^n unto the midst of heaven 
Deut.4,11; n^KH 35? in the midst 
of the terebinth 2s!l8,14; 3^ 131?' 
''Dj^that dwell in the midst of 
them that rise up against me 

^'7 a. 337 Ch. m. heart (as in Heb.), 
sf. •'a? Dan.7,28, n33'? 4,13. 

^27 a. 1137 to low, to roar, whence 
K'^S.h , U^ , K^?*? lion, lioness. 

nlX^'? P'"' n. a city in Simeon Jos. 

15,32; more fully ni«35 n''^ 19,6. 
ii'Pto envelop, to cover (^=Chf\Z'2), 

whence n3''55 a. 35 , 335 • (-KaJ 

not used.) 
Niph. 3^5.5 (den. from 335 ; fut. 

33T) to be Intelligent, wise 

(others: to be haughtvV; :iUJ 2*iN1 



"i^il onw Ni§ iiri 35^^ Jb.11,12 

ace. Bng. Bible: for vain man 
would be wise, though man be 
born like a wild ass's colt; Vul- 
gate: the vain man lifteth him- 
self in haughtiness, and thinketh 
himself born free as a wild ass's 
colt; Stb.: and a vain man still 
has the audacity, this wild ass's 
colt is born again into a man. 

Pi. na? (/•««. aa5p 1) den. from 
ia5 to ravish the heart, to charm 
r\\¥V.^. nnK3 "'Jn^l?? thou hast 
ravished my heart with one of 
thine eyes Cant.4,9. — 2) den. from 
nau^ to make cakes Ty"? JS^ni 
niO^'? ^riB* and let her make be- 
fore mine eyes a couple of cakes 
22b see a5 . 

nnn7 see niiJ? . 

T^2h (= nan*?) f. flame; only c. 

E'M n35 the flame of Are Ex.3,2. 
n^b (= 3?) f- heart; sf. rjni'? Ez. 

16,30; pi. nia"? Ps.7,10. 

nJla'? see nja-? . 

2?^:}':) a. E*^*? («/■. 'B'ln'?, itru'?; 
pi. □''^'U?) m. ij garment, cloth- 
ing, attire Jb.24,10j E8t.6,9; poet, 
m^f ID? ^yf_^^)) and they (all 
things on the earth as illumined 
by the morning sun) stand forth 
as in attire Jb 38,14; fig. of the 
scales of the crocodile Jb.41-5. — 
2) fig. spousals, marriage Nj2> ''5 

ic?'a'7-'?JJ DDn nD3i ...i'' laN nW 


for he hateth putting away, saith 
the Lord, ... and him that cov- 
ereth his garment (i. e. his mar- 
riage) with violence Mal.2,16. 
5y^i7 Ch. TO. garment Dan.7,9. 

tOit' to throw down {Kal not used). 
Niph. tsa*?: (fut. Di^H) to bo 

thrown down, to fall Hos.4,14; 

Pr.l0,8 a. IC 
^^b >»■ lion, only pi. DN'a^ Ps.57,5; 

/. rixa^ lionesses, sf. 'l"'riNa'? 

K''i'? TO. lion Qen.49,9; Num.24,9; 

• T 

f. lioness Jb.4,11. 

H*2b (from •'a'? for .Ta"?) f. lion- 
ess Ez.19,2, 

ni'Ilp f- cake, pancake; only pZ. 

niaa^ 2S.i3,6. 

p? -Z^ to be white, whence ]a^, 
nja"? a. nja"? (SaZ not used).- 
2) den. from HJa? {/Mi. Ipl. nJ3'7J ; 
tJi/'. with ^ : fa*?*?) to make bricks 
Gen.11,.3; Ex.5,7. 
Hiph. pa'pn (fut. ]^a?: ; m/^. with 

"7 : ia'?5 for I'a*?? = ]''a'?n'?) j; 

to make white, hence fig. to pu- 
rify from sin Dan. 11,35.— 2) Mr. 
to be or become white Is.l,18i Ps. 
51,9; Jo.1,7. 

Hifhp. ]a5nn fut. 155^!) to clear 
oneself, to purify oneself from 
sin Dan. 12,10. 
]5/i I.(/'. nja'?)adj. white Gen.30,35; pi 

D^ja'? Ec.9,8; f nUa^ nina palish 

white Lev.13,39. 
]!':) II. ;p*-. M. 1) Laban, the father- 



in-Law of Jacob Qen.24,29.— 3) 
a place in Arabia Deut.1,1 (per- 
haps = nJi'? Num.33,20). 

p? (= 1$? I-) adj. white; only c. 
a^,ip-\^'7 white in his teeth Gen. 

njit' f- 1) the moon (prop, the 
white, the pale, from p^) Is. 24, 
23; Cant.6,10.— 2) pr. n. m. Ezr. 
2,45; Neh.7,48. 

nJi^ {pl- '=''^5'?) f- brick, tile 
(from ]57 , so called from the 
white clay of which bricks were 
made) Gen.11,3; Bz.4,1. 

nji'? I. f. whiteness, clearness, 
brightness; only c. nJS^ n2>5JD5 
I^SDn as the work of bright 
Sapphire Ex.24,10 (Bng. Bible: as 
it were the paved work of sap- 
phire stone, evidently taking nJi^ 
fa,s the c. of nJSb). 

nj^^ II. pr. n. 1) a station of the 
Israelites in the desert Num.33, 
20 (see ]3S II. 2).— 2) a city in 
the plain of Judah Jos.10,29; 2K. 

flj^'? '»■ white poplar Gen.30,37; 

nja'? a. mi^b /■- jy frankincense, 
a sweet-smelling resin particular- 
ly of a white color (from p7) 
Ex.30,34;Cant.4,6; sf. nrijbp Lev.2,2. 

'i\1'2h pr- «• (in prose always with 
the art. ]iJi^n ; with H Zoc. njija^) 
the great mountain between Pal- 
estine and Syria, consisting of 


two ridges running parallel from 
north to south (Lebanon and 
Anti-Lebanon) Deut.1,7; Jos.9,1; 
IK.5,20. It is covered with per- 
petual snow Jer.18,14, whence its 
najne (pij? prop, white moun- 
tain, from ]37); it abounded in 
cedars and cypresses, wherefore 
the forests of these trees, to 
which B*n|, innn and nWK^ 
belonged, were poetically called 
]ijaf n niap (the glory of Lebanon) 
Is.35,2i 60,'l3. 
''11^ pr '»■ *»■ Ex.6,17; also as pair. 
Num.3,21; 26,58. 

nja'r see nja'? "inia^ . 

T ; • ■ 

jj'nt) a. B>aS (fut. mil -, pt. p. ti'uS j 

imp. tra'?, f. ''^^b; inf. E^ioS, ti*^^) 
1) to wrap, to cover, to put on, 
to dress, to clothe oneself S'ivl 
Vnja"'"!!!? and he shall put on his 
garments Lev.16,24 'ni} ''flEB'a 

nja'a'^N n^ya Tuns i have 'put 

T V T ; V TT "'IT*. ^ 

off my coat; how shall 1 put it 
on? Cant.5,3; pt. p. D^y^ ^i? 
clothed with scarlet Pr. 31, 21; 
with 3 : to clothe oneself with, 
to wear i3-tJ*3'? "I^'S?. r\^±0 E>US 
T]^an royal apparel (dress) which 
the king hath worn Est.6,8; tVUS 
Qi'ia clothed with linen Bz.9,2; 
D'^XiS O'l'lJ? tl'U^ clothed with 
filthy garments Zch.3,3.— 2) fig. 
to be covered wtth, with accvis.: 
ns"! "i"!^? V^b my flesh is clothed 
with worms Jb.7,5; rif:?h ;j n51 
lijrnrntj the spirit of the 'Lord 




clothed (came upon) Gideon Jud. 

6,34; m^h -nni nin thou art 

clothed with splendor and majesty 
Ps.104,1; ^Jti^a^n ^Pif5l p7X I put 
on righteousness, and it clothed 
me Jb.29,U; 1X5:5 CID W^b the 
pastures are clothed with flocks 
Ps.65,14; nDS H^^^p tl*;'7>.land he 
clothed himself with cursing as 
with his garment Ps.l09,l8; N''b>J1 
ntlOty ^'2b) and the prince shall 
be clothed with desolation Ez.7, 
27; pt. p, CJ^n ti'iS covered with 
those that are slain Is,14,19 (Bng. 
Bible: as the raiment of those 
that are slain, taking ^y7 as a 

Pit. ^2)ipt. E^l'^D) to be clothed, 
•with accus.: n''nJ3'D''K^|'pp clothed 
in their garments IK.22,10; 2Chr. 

Hiph. tS'"'3'7ri (/Mi. li>^3^: , mh:^ ; 
pt. 1^''2,h'0; inf. ^zhri) to clothe, 

with accus.: ni5f^na Tiri!< tygSni 

and I clothe thee with festive 
garments Zch.3,4; B>^3'?n D^'V^i? 
ilDU sleepiness clotheth a man 
in rags Pr.23,21; with accus. of 
garment and vS? of the member: 

to put upon Dijrn \n^ nVy nw!i 

T T— i-:v -: TT — T • : ' 
and the skins of the kids she put 
upon his hands and upon the 
smooth of his neck Gen.27,16; fig. 
y^l-nJ3 ''ja'iaSri he hath clothed 
me with the garments of salva- 
tion Is.61,10; nn-lj: Qi.DE* E*''3'^« 
I clothe (cover) the heavens with 

blackness50,3; nDa.lil«^S ^''Siw. 

hast thou clothed his neck with 

a rolling mane? Jb. 39,19 (Bng. 

Bible: with thunder; Vulgater with 

&'37 Ch. to put on (a garment) 

Aph. mhn to clothe, with b ol 

the person Dan 5,29. 
jt" (from JJ7) m. a measure for 

liquids Lev.4,10 (12th part of a 

i^p in Ar. to be deep, whence ib ■ 
"it) pr. n. Lod, a town in Benjamin 

Bz.2,33; lChr.8,12 (= Lydda). 
Ijn? pr. n. a place in Gilead Jos. 

I3',26; perhaps =*iaTN'? 28.17,27. 
rvh.rrh. see -b>. 

T" •'■ '^ 

n'? Ch. = K^ , which see. 

T * 

rtt" Deut.3,11 for ^, which see. 

^n^ (= ^'^b) to burn. 

2,Tb (.pi. Q''3ri^ , c. "i^nb m. 1) flame 
Jud.13,20; E*« Snb. flame of Are 
Jo.2,5; W ^yrt. flames of fire Is. 
66,15; fig. UrVi^ n'^JSriS IJIS faces 
of flames (i. e. flushed) are their 
faces 13,8.— 2) brightness, glitter 
of a weapon ri^Jn. Snb glitter of 
a spear Jb.39,23; hence: blade of 
a sword Jud.3,22. 

n^n^ f- flame Is.4,5; pi. nviH^ m, 
flre of flames Ps.105,32; c. niJO^ 
B>« flames of flre {fig. of light- 
ning) 29,7. 

W^TO a people descended 



from Mizraim Gen.10,13 (= Q^'^h 
nnp^ f. 1) flame Ez.21,3.— 2) glit- 

tering point or blade of a spear 

^TD Ar. to study diligently, hence: 

to think, to meditate (Ges. and 

jn? w. study, thinking, meditation 

^^2 r\Ti\ na"in ynh much study 

is a ■weariness of the flesh Be. 
12,12 (ace. Stb. J.l'? is abridged 
from nijnb , supine of HJn 

nn? pf- n. m. lChr.4,2. 

rVI^ (/m*. nn"?; , op. nS.l) to be ex- 
hausted, to faint; only op. f. TQBI 
a!7in 1JSD ...dn'Sa {'n« and the 
land of Egypt... fainted by reason 
of the famine Gen.47,l3. 

nn^ to be foolish or mad {Kal not 

- T 


Hithp. redwpl. 37.n7ri!l to be- 
have foolishly, to play the mad- 
man; onlyjjt. D|/.i7'20'?5 as one 
who plays the madman Pr.26,18. 
^n^ I (.pt- ^^^,pl- ^V^^) to burn, 
to flame tsrtb W flaming flre Ps. 
104,4; fig- of men: □"'ipfl'? na??*K 
OIH \i2 I lie among those that 
send out flames, even among men, 
whose etc. Ps.57,5. 

Pi. ton^ (fut. DnSp 1) to make 
burn, to set on fire, to kindle 
Cnn^n nin^S as the flame 
setteth the mountains on flro Ps. 
83,15; 3^5pp inan^jjlland it hath 
set him on fire round about Is. 

T : 

42,25. — 2) to burn up, to con- 
sume nnf a ''V.r'73 HDn'? nan^ 

the flame hath burned all the 
trees of the field Jo.1,19; Hin^ 
n''Vm tsnSn the flame burned 
up the wicked Ps.106,18. 

an^ II. (= £3lb) to wrap, to cover, 
to hide, whence Ctpn'? II. 

^nt) (from tanS I.) m. flame, glitter 
y^DU ^U2 tlie flaming sword Gen. 

Q^tOn'? (from tsn'? II.) m, pi. secret 
or magic arts, enchantments, with 

sf. oriitsn!?? Ex.7,u. 

on? ace. Puerst in Ar. to speak 


softly, to whisper (Kal not used) 

sahp. nnSnn {pt. pi. Qippina) 

to be gently spoken ]^13 ^tl?*^ 
Cpn^^O?? tlic words of a slan- 
derer appear gentle Pr.18,8 a. 26,22 
(Vulgate: appear artless; Ges.: 
are as dainty morsels; Eng. Bible: 
are as wounds, following Rashi 
according to whom DH? is trans- 
posed from D^n to strike). 

in^ adv. therefore R.1,13 (see also 
under p I.). 

rnh Ch. adv. 1) therefore Dan.2,6.— 
2) but Bzr.5,12i Dan.2,30.— 3) ex- 
cept Dan.2,11; 3,28; 6,8. 

npn^ (prob. a transposition from 


n^np) f. assembly, company; only 
c. D'^K'^iin npnS the company of 
the prophets is.19,20. 
liT 1^ see nai Xb . 



^ a. ii'h eonj. if, if yet PD^.OH ^^ 
CariK •'pJ-in ah OnlK if ye had 
saved them alive, I would not 
slay you Jud,8,19; h^^p ''?jK 'h) 
...N'7 ripl ej^N ''S3 '75? even if I 
should have weighed out on my 
hands a thousand shekels, yet 
would I not... 28.18,12; ''^SJDB' ^h 
if thou wouldst only hear me 
Gen.23,13; eiDi'' ^i^m) ^b if yot 
Joseph should hate us Gen.50,15, — 
S) Oh if! Oh that! would that! 
•<h ya'E* V5y lS Oh that my people 
had hearkened unto me ' Ps.81, 
14; DtDf mn|T.l'' Oh that thou 
wouldst rend the heavens ! Is. 
63,19; '5na iS would that we had 
died ! Num. 14,2; sometimes as 
merely concessive; T||13"13 ''^) V7 
let it be according to thy word 

Kl"? see iih . 

Kilt) see ^b . 

W'^V (= C^?'?) gent. pi. Lybyans 
2Chr.l2,3; Nah.3,9; also d'^sb Dan. 

^^7' pr. n. 1) an African people 
sprung from the Egyptians Bz, 
27,10, pi. Dni? Gen. 10,13.— 2) a 
people descended from Shem Gen. 
10,22. — 3) a Japhetic land and 
primitive people, mentioned with 
^5in , 1 U' ^""^yH and b^Si Is. 

" 66,19, by which is meant the ter- 
ritory of Asia Minor, called 
Lydia, as well as the Lydiaos 

Tlh (M- 'Tl'''' ; pt. nl.b) J) to bind 
around, to wreathe, whence iTI/. — 
2) to join oneself, to cleave, tc 
adhere, to accompany ^il?; Nin^ 
i70y5 for that shall adhere to 
him in his toil Ec.8,15. — 3) prop. 
to bind oneself, to come under 
obligation, hence; F|D3 IJ''!^ we 
have borrowed money Neh.5,4; 
niSn tkh nnt?] and thou shalt not 
borrow Deut.28,12; pt. Tip ooe 
who borrowpth, a borrov/er Is.24, 
2; Pr 22,7; th,^\ t<b\ ym Tl)^ the 
wicked borroweth, and repayetb 
not Ps.33,21. 

Mph. nv?} {fid. HIT) to be Joined, 
to attach oneself, with '7K , Si? , 
bv : iSk lEJiN ni^l oyfin this time 
will my husband be Joined unto 
me Gen.29,S4i D31? r\f7i "^WK Qi 
Assur also is joined with them 
Ps.83,9; TJ-'^y Ii'tJI. and they shall 
be joined unto thee Num.18,4. 

Hiph. nibr\ ifut. ni.^: ; pt. r\)h'Q) 

to lend, with accus. DliJi iT'l^H) 
CaT and thou shalt lend unto 
many nations Deut.28,12; e]D.5 DN 
''12'J m n;'?n if thou lend money 
to my people Bx.22,24; pt. ni.^D 
one who lendeth, a lender Is.24J2; 
n?^D E'^n'? r\f7 15?? the borrower 
is servant to the lender Pr.22,7. 
Tl*? I. (fut. t^;) to bend, to turn 
away r\''}:'?ii v'^l'b^ let them not 
turn away from thine eyes Pr, 

Mph. fibi ipt. i'hi, c. i'hi, pL 

^''}^^i') prop, to be turned away. 




hence: to be perverted, perverse, 
wicked T'J^I ti'?^ perverse in his 
ways Pr. 14,2; '□nl'^IVO? DV.iSj 
pervei-se in their ways 2,15; pt. 
as a noun: Jl7Ji p^J/ oppression 
and perverseness Is.30,12. 

Eiph. V'jn {fut. f"?:) to turn 
away, to depart ^I'^i'^rp IJi^.'' h^ 
let them not depart from thine 
eyes Pr.4,21. 

XjP J I. m. hazel (others: almond- 
tree) Gen.30,37, 

X^ III. pr. n. 1) ancient city of the 
Canaanites, later called vK n''3 
Gen.28,19; Jud.1,23; with H he. 
rmh Gen. 35,6.— 2) another city 
founded by an inhabitant of the 
former Jud.1,26. 

0*17 Ar, to shine, to glitter, hence: 
to be polished, smooth (an as- 
sumed root for ri'7). 

ni^ (^■pi. nini'? , nin'7) m. i) table, 

- I 
tablet, plate of stone or metal 

Ex.24,12; IK.7,36; of the tables of 

the decalogue: JT'ian nhlS the 

tables of the covenant Deut.9,9 

or ninrn nInS the tables of the 

testimony Ex.31,18; fig. 'hv Diipl 

?]3S n^'"' write them upon the table 

of thy hftfirt Pr.3,3.— 2) wooden 

plate, plank, board nin'7 i^3^ 

hollow with boards Bx.27,8' .i. 38, 

7; du, D^.riin^ the boards of a ship 

(1. e. the deck) Bz.27,5. 

riTl'!^ W- w. a city in Moab Is.5,15. 

^Tib (with art. E^ni^D) pr. n. m. 

Q^^ (pret. El^; pt. tOiS ; pt. p. Dlb, 
f. nDl7) 1) to cover, to wrap, 
with 3 : njp^i ^pn wrapped in 
a cloth IS. 2 1,10; with SSJ: Dl^Q 
CSyrr^S"?!? which covereth all 

■ - T T - 

the people Is. 25,7.— 3) to con- 
ceal, to act secretly; hence pt. pi. 
D^D7 secret arts, enchantments, 
sorcery Bx.7,22. 

Hiph. tD''bn [fid. D"!^^, ap. dS;) 
to cover, to wrap, with 3: tS^M 
ifl^5b'3 1V^ he wrapped his face 
in his mantle IK.19,13. 

tDltJ I. w. covering, veil JSi^n-Di^il 
n''QVrrb^-h'V the veil, which cov- 
ereth all the people Is.25,7. 

JDlt' II- pr. n. Lot, the son of Haran, 
Abraham's brother Gen. 12,5, the 
ancestor of the Ammonites and 
Moabites 19,37 a. 38, who are there- 
fore called ^r? v.? (the children 
of Lot) Deut.2,9; Ps.83,9. 

ItDl'^ pr. n. a son of Seir Gen.36,20. 

''I'? pr. n. Levi, a son of Jacob by 
Leah Gen.29,34:, the head of the 
tribe of that name, which was 
set apart for the sacred service 
Num. chap. 3; pair. ''']h, pi. DJI^ 
(for "'^'h , QiJlS) Levite, Leviles. ' 

'')h Ch. patr. Levite, p?. N.\;S, Kzr. 

/T'lt' (from iTS 1) wreath, garland 
]n ^11? a garland of grace Pr.1,9 

in^P (from rpS) m. prop, an ani- winding itself, hence; 1) ser- 
pent Is 27,1: -Tb.3.«— 9> crocodile 

Jb.40,25; as a symbol of Egypt 
Ps. 74,14. — 3) sea-monster Ps, 

7 V i^edupl. from ITlS) m. winding 
stairs, only pi. ni'?l'7 IK.6,8. 

libt> . \'?l'' (= ^b a. iih) conj. if not 
were it not, unless; coupled with 
pret. ^h n^n ..."'JS M':K ''h'\h unless 
the God of my father... had been 
with me Gen.31,42; with ftd. '''rh 
"IIJIN a^i« DS;3 were it not that 1 
feared the wrath of the enemy 
Deut.32,27; with pt. -''J$ \Sl'? 
N'B'J iJt5 ...DEtyin'' were it not that 
1 regard the presence of Jeho- 
shaphat 2K.3,14; the apodosis usu- 
ally taljes ti< "I? surely then, ''3 
nnr surely now. w 15 ni^i ah^h 

D5?n nSyj ip'anD unless thou 
hadst spoken, surely then in the 
Tiorning the people had gone up 

2S.2,27; nnsj ''I ijnDnann kSiS 

DlOgsnj. yj^if we'ha'd not lin- 
gered, surely now we had returned 
the second time Gen.43,10. 

n'iiibti see ^h^b. 
"hti see xblb. 

''y'17 f- knot, loop, noose; only pi. 
rfinhh Ex.26,5; c. n'luhi v. 4. 

]tll. a'. ]i'? (frommS; 'pret. ]h, f. 
T]pb for ruS Zch.5,4, 1 pi. Mb for 
IJ^S Jud.19,13; fut yb^, ap. jS^ , 

]V;, A or 2)oet. ]!?;, r. finsuA. 

19,20, Jb.17,2; jit. ]7. , pi. n''i2 Neh. 
13,215 imp. Xh , ^Z. ir^^ ; inf. ]ti , 
Yi, with b: yhb, ]^'?S) prop, to 

330 ]t> 

adhere, to abide, hence: 1) to re- 
main over night, to pass the 
night, to lodge DipD ?l''3«-n"'3 a>;.n 
|V? ^^4 *® there room in thy 
father's house for us to lodge in? 
Gen.24,23; r[b\br] rtS IJ"'^ lodge 
here this night Num.22,8; 'iiSj 
and let us remain over night 
Jud.19,13; of a thing kept over 

night: if^a-ir ■'^n-j^n yb^^tib] 

neither shall the fat of my sac- 
rifice remain until the morning 
Bx.23,l8; so also nb^Si p'?n-NS 
1j?.3-iy TIflK T'?i> the" wages of 
the hireling shall not remain 
with thee all night until the morn- 
ing Lev.19,13; fig. ''35 ]'''?; 31?3 
n^] 1i^^2l at evening weeping 
may come in to lodge, but in the 
morning there is joy Ps. 30,6; 
poet, of the dew: ^''Vp? l''^^ b^ 
the dew lay all night upon my 
branch Jb.29,19.— 2) to abide, to 
dwell, to remain, to continue 
]i'jn ato? iB>|3J his soul shall 
abide in good Ps 25,13; fig. i"l«lV3 
'V \''X i° J^is (the crocodile's) 
neck abideth strength Jb.41,14; 
i^l Y7i pl-f righteousness dwelled 
therein Is. 1,21; inJIB*!? j^Sri iplN 
mine error remaineth with my- 
self Jb.19,4. 

Siph. pSn {fut, same as Kal 
yb^) to let remain ]''Sri "iriD-nr 
TiiiN ni3t?>i;io tis'ipa how long 

wilt thou let thy wicked thoughts 
remain with thee? Jer.4,14, 

mthp. ijiSipn {fut. ]i!hn)) to 


331 'IT'7 

abide, to stay ^Jibn''. ^"V^ b)!.^ he 
shall abide under the shadow of 
the Almighty Ps.91,1; p^) yho 
]p^)) he dwelleth and abideth on 
the rock Jb.39,28. 

W'? 11. ace. Puerst: to hum, to mur- 
mur {Kal not used). 

Mph. ]'hi {fut ji^i) to mutter, 
to murmur, to complain, with 71? : 
against Ex.16,2; Num.14,2; 17,6. 

Biph. '[•''ja a. X'ir: (fut. ]i'?; a. 
Xvl', pt. YJC) same as Mph.: to 
murmur, to complain, with "7^ : 
against ^hv DipiJiSn ng>« ye who 
have murmured against me Num. 
14,29; 1J\'?y IJ^^n ip na UOi) and 
what are we, that ye murmur 
against us? Kx.l6,7;-1?>N. D3''n3'5_Jp 
vbv '2i'h^ DflN your murmurings 
which ye murmur against him 
V. 8. 

r^^(=j;S;; 3 pi. ^Vb; fut. r!?;) 

1) to swallow, to gulp down 
ST)b\ in^l they shall drink, and 
they shall swallow down Ob.l6.— 

2) fig. to speak rashly DIN C-'piD 
Etip "jjh^ it is a snare to a man 
who speaketh rashly cf that 
which is holy Pr.20,25; intr. to 
be rash ^vh na"! my words are 
rash Jb.6,3 (Bng. Bible: my words 
are swallowed up). 

P^ ipret. r"?, 2 mS; fut. r^^^, 
pt- X^.-, P^- ^"'Vfe *° mock, to deride, 
to scorn «^0 ^1^1 PVi^l. ripsg-DN 
if thou scornest, thou alone shalt 
bear it Pr.9.12; Pt '->^-'^f "^V. 

JDBK*Dan ungodly witness scorneth 
(Stb.: perverteth) justice 19,28; 
pt. f 7 scorner, mocker np7 f*.? ID'' 
JiSp iS he that reproveth a scorner 
getteth to himself shame Pr.9,7; 
fig- llin f*.'? ^in^ i® ^ mocker 20,1. 
P2. fVi"? (pt. f vS) to mock; only 
pt. pi. D^VV'i'' mockers Hos.7,5. 

SUhp. fVITnil to be a mocker 
lVVi'7nri"'7N be ye not mockers 

Hiph. p^n (3 pi. ^vhr\_; fut. 
p"?; ; pt. p^D) 1) to mock, to 
scorn, to hold in derision D "i T.f 
lUp-rJ ''}VbD. the proud have 
held me greatly in derision Ps. 
119,51; am pir! n^'?1^? fools mock 
at sin Pr.14,9; with ^': NIH D^V.^^ 
f\.^ he scorneth the scorners Pr. 

^t> I- (M. ^^'^^^ ap- t^'^i^; «»»p. /■- 
''t^'h; pt. f. pi. nitJ^^) to knead 
inVDI.T ns? pV| ty^^a after knead- 
ing the dough until it be leavened 
Hos.7,4i niJV ''B'l|1 itt*lS knead it 
and make cakes Gen. 18,6; TlprO 
tpSffl nap. and she took flour, and 
kneaded it IS.28,24. 

Jl^!|'? II. pr. n. Ktib 28.3,15 for B^.-'S. 
which see. 

nf Ch. j>rep. by, with t]p1^ ]Q 
from with thee Ezr.4,12. 

ih see r^n . 

HT'i) (== nS) to bend, whence m^ . 
HT^, with art. nt^n, see t^H . 

VT ' 

5|t^, With art. Miin, seet^n. 




n^T'7 (c. rilP) f. perverseness ffln 

T ' * 

QV1!??' perverse of lips Pr 4,24. 
n^ ipl CHt) adj. moist, fresh, 
green TV fS? ''riB-'iin I have dried 
up the green tree Bz.17,24; CJJS? 
Diy?.J?\1 D^nS moist (fresh) grapes', 
or dried Num. 6,3; D^nS Qiin'' 
fresh (i. e. new) cords Jud.16,7. 

n'? ™. freshness, vigor; only sf. 

rini? (for inS) Deut.34,7. 

nnt' to be moist, whence nS , P17 , 
and ace. Stb. also ^JT? chin, 
jaw-bone, as receptacle of the 

Qfinb m. 1) food, meat ia'^bs "^mi) 
iDinSa and he shall rain upon 
them with his food (i. e. with 
what shall be the food of the 
wicked, fire and brimstone) Jb. 
20,23.— 2) flesh, body Zph.1,17, 
where DDfl? for DfiinS . 

T ■. ; T : 

JirO (= i^n?) to be moist, fresh. 

^nb ('^■'nS; sf. i''n'2; du. D:|in'7, 
c'. \xh , sf. i^;nS , nn^nS) /•. j; 

jaw-bone Jud.15,15; Is.30,'28.— 2) 
cheek Cant.5,13; Lam,l,2; 'hv n|n 
''ll? or ^117 n3ri to smite one upon 
the cheek, to give a box on the 
ear (frequently in a figurative 
sense) lK.22,24i Mic.9,l4| Ps.3,8.— 
3) pr. n. a place on the borders 
of Philistia and Judah Jud.15,9, 

fully •'n^ nni v. i7. 

TTi^ {inf. Tfh) to lick, to lick up, 

to eat off ni^n p'nj. riK liB^n r" ' 

as the ox licketh up the grass 
of the field Num.22,4. 

Pi. i\rh (fut. ':\rh\) i) to lick 

tJ*ra3 Ifilf ^Dn'?'' they shall lick 
the dust like a serpent Mic.7,17i 
fig. "lEjy tin'? to lick the dust, i. e. 
to prostrate oneself as a sup- 
pliant Ps.72,9; so also 133? t]nS 
♦"\"3'3^ to lick the dust of one's 
feet'ls.49,23.— 2) to lick up, to 
devour, to consume 13021 i^?- 

U''na"'aD-S3"nK '^nijn now' shall 

this company lick up (i. e. con- 
sume) all that is round about us 
Num. 22, 4; of fire consuming 

water: nan': nS^M-i^N □;an-nNi 

and it licked up the water that 
was in the trench IK. 18,38. 

Wrh I- (/■«<• DD^; ; pt. Ufh ; pt. p. 

DinS , pi. c. ^^rf; ; inf. n'n^) i) to 

eat, to consume V^"}, Dn^ IDn'? 
they eat the food of wickedness 
Pr. 4,17; "^BjiD-n^ oh'?'? 2^n I? 
when thou sittest to eat with a 
ruler 23,1; VI dH^'H^ DD'^ri Sn 
l^y eat not the bread of him that 
hath an evil eye 23,6; with 3 ; 
of nn''lQy^n3 Dn':^' '?31 and let me 
not eat of their dainties Ps.141,4; 
•iDni^ laqS I3S come eat -of my 
bre'ad Pr.9',5; fig. ciB>'n ■'CnSl and 
devoured with burning heat Deut. 

Dn^ II. (fut. anil ; pt. on'? , pi. 

D"'Pq'7 ; tmp. Dvh ; inf oh'? , with 
7 : D'n^'p) prop, to consume (= 
OnS I.), hence: to destroy, to 
fight, to make war (wiih accus. 


or h) i»nb-ns nnh flght against 
them that flght against me Ps. 
35,1; ''7 CariS U''2'2 they are many 
that flght against me 56,3. 

Niph. nn^j (/Mi. D.n^^. , on^^ ; 

imp, Dnvn ; inf. DflSj , Dn^H) to 
flght, to make war in'' niSn'PJ let 
US flght together 18.17,10,- with 
DV , 3 , n« (-JjIN) : to flght with 
or against IS.17,32; Bx.1,10; Jer. 
21,5; with 7^ Jer.1,19; once with 
sf. '' J. 1 a q Vm and they fought 
against me Ps. 109,3; with 7, -i? : 
to flght for C^h drh] ;^_ the Lord 
shall flght for you Ex.l4,U; 'im, 
D5'^.y ^i« Onii in that my father 
fought for you Jud.9,17; IDn^ni 
DJV.HK n"'3-br and flght for yonr 
master's house 2K. 10, 3; DnSj 
non'pi? to flght a battle 18.8,20; 
of a place also with 7i? : against 
rijJ? hv DnvJ warring against 
Llbnah 2K.9,8; ls.7,li Jer.34,22. 
ar6 (from DnS I.; a QnS ; sf. ''mh , 
T]!?n^, iD0!2) »»■ 1) bread, food, 
provision, victuals ""737 Cn^ ]riij 
nB>3 he giveth food to all flesh 
Ps.136,25; T\6h^ Drh. Solomon's 
provision IK.5,2; '6 -ip« nrh he 
appointed him victuals 5,18; nB>y 
Dil? to make a feast Bc.10,19; 
''DnS h^'rn who eateth my bread 
Ps!41,10; pod. Ob. 7 T]!?!:!? for 
T|i3nS "itl'JK they that eat thy bread, 
i. "e. thy friends; Jer.11,19 f*S? 
iOniia the tree with its food, i. e. 
its fruit (ace. Fuerst: the tree in 
its sap = nh fV.)— ^) baked 



bread Djnn 007 bread and water 
lK.18,4i D'jenDllS the bread of 
the presence (Eng. Bible: shew- 
bread), i. e. the twelve loaves 
set out by the priests every sab- 
bath in two rows upon a table 
in the sanctuary Bx.25,30; later 
called ri.5.pi?Sri 0117 row-bread 
Neh.10,34;' bq5 133 a'loaf of bread 
29,23; Dps n^Q cake of bread ib.; 
with omission of 133 , as: DO^ ''f)?* 
two loaves of bread 1S.10;4. — 
3) bread-corn, grain p11^ Dn7 
bread-corn is crushed Is. 28,28; 
Q.p.i f1^! a land of bread-corn 
2K.18,32 a. Is.36,17. 

on'? (from nnl^ II., c. CnS) «. war, 
siege D^l^^ DO^ tN then was war 
of the gates (i. e. war in the 
gates) Jud.5,8. 

Drt7 Ch. m. food, feast Dan.5,1. 

'on? pr. n. m. lChr.20,5, for which 

28.21,19 •'prii'n ri'ig , gent, of nu 

DDnt' P'"'- *• a place in Judah Jos. 

nTh Ch. (sf. T\r\\nh, r[nTb) f. 

concubine Dan.5,2. 

|*n^ (/wi. f D/^ ; vt. fn'7 , pi. Divci'?) 

to crush, to press, to force .••{*n7ri1 
1^(5n 7^. and she crushed... against 
the wail Num.22,25; ''iCifr\ IVnS'J 
'^'^^ n'\'53"rit? and the Amorites 
forced the children of Dan into 
the mountain Jud.1,34; with 3: 
to press with n7^3 inx D^VoSl 
and press him (Eng. Bible: hold 




him fast) with the door 2K.6,32; 
fig. to oppress f H ;0 J<7 "IJ^ and 
a stranger shalt thou not op- 
press Bx,23,9. 

Niph. f nSj {fuU f n^)) to press 
or force oneself T'i^n-StJ fPl^nj 
and she forced herself against 
the wall Num.22,25. 

yrb C^ rn'? ; sf. IJVniz) »». oppres- 
sion, affliction Ex.3,9; Jb. 36,15; 
with genitive of the object: f*n'2 
^.'?^^! 'he oppression of Israel, 
i. e. which Israel suffers 2K.13,4; 
with genitive of the subject: fn'2 
ijis* tho oppression of the enemy, 
i. e. which the enemy causes Ps. 
42,10; frh DgS bread of afflic- 
tion, i. e. scanty food, as in time 
of distress IK.22,27; in the same 
sense also fn^ DJfi water of af- 
fliction Is.30,20. 

JS'nt' to hiss, to hum {Kal not used), 

Pi. ^rh (pt. mhl?) to whisper, 

to mutter incantations, to charm 

D^^'n^P 'ip the voice of charmers 


mthp. trnSnn {fut. irnSn;; pt. 

tS>n7rip) to whisper among them- 
selves 28.12,19; with hv : ''h^, Ip^ 
1^D.!20I they whisper together 
against me Ps.41,8. 
Syn^ ("^ t9nS ; pi. n^mh) m. prop, 
whisper, hence: 1) enchantment, 
charm, spell -Ni'?3 B'mn ^'a>^.-DK 
Vrh if a serpent bite without en- 
chantment Ec.l0,ll.—2j whispered 
prayer IdS TI1D10 mh pp^ they 
poured out a whispered prayer 

when thy chastening was upon 
them Is.26,16.— 3) only j)/. Q^E'n^ 
prop, charms, hence: amulets 
(worn by women as ornaments) 
Is. 3,20. 
t07 m. (prop. pt. of J2l7) secrecy 
ia^3 secretly lS.18,22; R.3,7; pi 
□^127 secret arts, enchantments, 
sf. Dn'iD'j Bx.8,3 (= QiTBO^ 7,11). 

ti'? m. ladanum (a fragrant resin) 

KI27 to stick, to adhere. 

nXtSt' f. a species of lizard climb- 
ing on walls Lev.11,30. 

Cj^-'^lia^ pr. n. pi. an Arabian tribe 
descended from Dedan G6n.25,3. 

tJ'^t' (M B'ta^; ; pt. ^ph ; inf. ^'\vh) 
1) to hammer, to forge; pt. arti- 
ficer h)y\y\ r!2?nj tt'in-'?! a*??'? a 

forger of every tool of copper 
and iron Gen.4,22.— 2) to sharpen, 
to whet S'iis':^. i2^n he will whet 
his sword Ps.7,13; fig. y^^'J tytoS; 
■"^ he sharpeneth his eyes (i. e. 
sendeth threatening looks) at me 

Pu. E>E)'? (_pt. B'B'pa) to be sharp- 
ened, whetted tJ'^^t? irr)3 as a 
sharpened razor Ps.52,4. 
n^^ (only pi. ni''b) /■. wreath, gar- 
land (in architecture) T^^V^ r\yh 
TliD wreaths of hanging work, 
festoons IX.7,29. 

b'b, h-^ha.. rh^h (c. h>h; pi. nib^S) 

m. night Is.16,3; 15,1; W^^m h'')', 
a night of observance Ex.12,42; 




Jn-ti*5j2ipn '^''i:: the night of the 
celebration of a festival Is.30,29; 
^^t5 ^':}'p^ in one night Gen.40,5; 
nibiS HB''?!?* three nights IS.30,12; 
n^liz Q'V|i« forty nights Gen.7, 
4; nSj^n ■'Vq midnight R.3,8; ]^2*iK 
^51? the darliness of the night 
Pr.7,9; n^;"?"!? Jon.4,10 see under 
]3j as adv.: by night Dll/Sy. pijn.'.j 
'I^Ji and he divided himself (his 
men) against them by night Gen. 
14,15; n^:i?; DD^> by day and night 
Kx.l3.21;'Di"'1 nS^S Is.27,3 or rh'^h 
DfiiiJ 34,10 night and day; r\b^ir\ 
this night Gen.19,5; R.8,13; 'fig. 
misfortune ]1tni3 EjgS nS]S night 
shall be unto you, that ye shall 
not have a vision Mio.3,6. 
N"'^'''? Ch. m. night Dan.2,l9. 

n'''p't' f- prop, the nightly one 
(from ^J5), hence: owl Is. 34,14. — 
In later Jewish demonology T'''?^'? 
denotes a night-spectre in the 
form of a female who lies in 
wait for children by night. 

'|i^ see ]'h . 

55*1^ I. m. lion Is.30,6; Jb.4,11. 


tJ''''? II. pr. n. a place on the north- 
ern boundary of Palestine Jud.18, 

7, identical with n.^^'^ Jos.19,47; 

it was destroyed by the Danites 

and named ]5 Jud.18,29. 

i:h iM- f^b!; p*- "^f); imp. sf. 

nnpS ; inf. 13^ , 13^) 1) to catch, 
to take, to seize, to capture, to 
take captiva Jud.15,4; lS.14,47j 

Jer.4,32; lChr.18,4; f,g. n'^DSn. ^ih 
DOI^S he taketh the wise in 
their own craftiness Jb. 5, 13; 

J'f 55 ris iJiaS; iinijiiy his own 

iniquities shall take the wicked 
Pr.5,22.— 2) to take, to choose 
by lot ;■; 12'1|S>.-1^K tS5^n the 
tribe which the Lord shall take 
(i. e. choose) Jos.7,14. 

Niph. m^a (/Mi. n3^: ; pt. nsSj) 

1) to be caught, taken, captured 
Lam.4,20; Jer.51,56; IK.16,18; fig. 
to snare Tl^S-n.9!J| rillb thou 
art taken (snared) with the words 
of thy mouth Pr.6,2.— 3) to be 
taken by lot IS. 14,42. 

Hithp. i3'2on {fut. naSo!) to 

hold together, to be interlocked 
njBO^. vh] n?!?;p; they (the scales 
of the crocodile) are interlocked, 
that they cannot be severed Jb. 
41,9; of freezing water: Dinri \JS 
nsSriJ the surface of the deep 
holdeth together (i. e. is frozen) 
*7i7 in. capture Pr.3,26. 


nj7 I. iinp. of Tjzn (which see), 
used as interj. of. encouragement: 
come!n"''l3 Hfl^pJ rpScome, let us 
make a covenant Gen. 31,44; HD? 
]:i 1J''3K--i-lS! ni^.ay come, let us 
make our father drink wine 19, 
32; sometimes without H : T|7 Num. 
23,13; Jud.19,13; 2Chr. 25,17; pi. 
na'^Jl ^aS come, let us go IS.9,9. 

n^^ II. for T]b to thee Gen.27,37. 




ni7 i""- w- a place in Judah IChr. 

^"'J? i""- w. a city in the plain of 

• T 

Judah Jos.10,3. 
1^7 see under ]5 . 

nl«'7^ see I'z^S. 

l^h (f-ut in'?: , pJ. "»'?; ; i)*- i*. 
toS i inf. ninS , id'? , sf. ''iph) 

to learn, to study ilDDn Tno'? N'5 
I learned not wisdom Pr.30,3; 
^''i?.P 15'?^. lyn"? that I might learn 
thy "statutes Ps.119,71; it3^^ HDS 
learn ye to do well Is. 1,17; pt. p. 
learned, trained, skilled nitt^ 
non?? trained in war lChr.5,18; 
followed by inf. or 7K : to ac- 
custom oneself MKIt? ''^'oh\ ]s;oS 
^I'nK that he may learn {\. e. 
accustom himself) to fear the 
Lord Deut.17,19; "'^t? Clliiin Tl'll-'ri!* 
^in.O learn not (i. e. accustom 
not yourselves to) the way of the 
heathen Jer.10,2. 

Ft. nab a. lab (/«*. laS; , -^^h) ; 

pt. 1&2T?; imp. a. inf. ID?) prop, 
to cause to learn, hence; to teach, 
to instruct, to accustom, to train; 

with accus.: ny^-n^5 m3"ia!p he 

taught the people knowledge Be. 

12,9; cs^K Ti'h^ dnx pnaS nx 

U*^"l7 thou hast taught (accus- 
tomed) them to be leaders over 
thee Jer. 13,21; with h of the per- 
son; nyvi^S: hi6r] shall he 

teach God knowledge? Jb.21,22; 
with h of the object: ^''yinS ^"laba 
who teacheth thee that which is 

useful Is.48,17 (Bng. Bible: who 
teacheth thee to profit); ''1^ lail? 
rianva? he teacheth my hands 
to war 28.22,35; with 5 of the 
object: to instruct in ITIXS 'inisS'll 
tDSB^a and he instructed him in 
the path of judgment Is. 40,14; pt. 
iai;!p teacher, instructor Pr.5,13. 
Pu. na"? ipt. na^P) to be taught, 
instructed, trained, expert "''137!? 
I''?' instructed in singing IChr. 
25,7; nan'^a •'l^^l? expert in war 
Cant.3,8; la"? N^ '^pV an untrained 
(i. e. untamed) bullock Jer.31,17; 
nna^!? n^^?? a well trained heif- 
er Hos. 10,11, of that in which 
one is instructed: D''2'JM fllVD 
nna'?!? the precept of men ac- 
quired by instruction is.29,13. 

na? , naS , na^ , see na . 

ID*? poet, for ), as ia| for 3 , IDS 

for 2 , see la . 

IS'P poet, fo r Dnb , see under "b. 
IT ' ^ : 

/'XlD'p ?*■■ n. name of an unknown 
king Pr.31,4, for which 31,1 bsiaS . 

I^Qb a. naS {pi. Dn.iaS , c. iiia'^) 

adj. taught, accustomed, trained, 
learned 13ia i:$b N^§ a wild ass 
accustomed to the wilderness Jer. 
2,24; V-\n ini^S that are accus- 
tomed to do ■ evil 13,23; ] i E> '> 
Diniab the tongue of the learned 
Is. 50,4; as a noun: one learned, 
a disciple ^1 n.iaS disciples of. 
the Lord Is. 54, 13; iTlin DinH 
''"T.a73 seal the law among my 
disciples 8,16. 



' pr. n. 1) a son of Methusaei, 
a descendant of Cain Gen.4,18 — 
24. — 2) a descendant of Seth, 
father of Noah Gen.5,25— 31. 

Ma} see ]p. 

]?0 see ]yp . 

r9 (from JJlb to swallow) w. gul- 
let, throat Pr.23,2. 

iS^'P to jest {Kd, not used). 

Hifh. 3''V':n (i)i. ^''V'pe) to mock 
at, with 3 •."''5!<'?D3 D''3V':5 1''n»^ 
C? '.iS? ^""^ t'ley mocked at the 
messengers of God 2Chr.36,16. 

^Vb {fut. Jy"?: ; iJt. J^iS) to laugh, 
to mock iD? ^jySj they laugh 
among themselves Ps.80,7; tv7'2_ 
■""p yjh every one mocketh me Jer. 

NiTph. JI5??J to stammer; pt, c. 
]1tt>S i,vb\ of a stammering tongue 

Eiph. y^V^r] (fut. i'^v): ; pt. 
T^hV) same as Kal: to laugh, to 
mock Jb.2 1,3; with ''y, ^ or |: to 
laugh at Neh.3,33; Ps.22,8; 2Ghr. 

JiVh adj. mocking, deriding ''iVj 
Jijra cake-mockers, i. e. parasites 
who earn their bread hy jesting 

jrt' («/"■ QJyb w. 1) stammering 
nSB> ''jySa in stammering speech 
Is.28,11.— 2) scorn, mockery Ps. 
79,4; fig. n^.l33 Jl'ij'nfl^; he drink- 
eth scorning like water Jb,34,7. 

•7S?^ see 1?. 

rr^rt) pr. n. m. lChr.4,21. 

V^ab pr. n, 1) a person mentioned 

in lGhr.7,26. — 2) another person 


nir'? see Sri'p . 

W7 (P*- 'K'') prop, to stammer, to 
speak unintelligibly, hence; to 
speak a foreign language ti'^ SJ? 
a people of a strange language 

n^J/^P Is.50,4 see nij? . 

^i}'^ to eat eagerly, to swallow 

{Kal not used). 
Hiph. tS'^if'^n to give to eat; only 

once S'J ''jp^S?7n give me to eat, 

I pray Gen.25,30. 
11?^ in Ar. to curse, whence the 

next word. 
njl?t' A a bitter herb, wormwood 

T -; - 

Jer.9,14; Pr.5,4; ^fir. of a hard lot 
or misfortune Jer.9,14; Lam.3-15- 

'TS'7 to flame, to shine. 

TBb ipl. CT'glz a. C'l&h , c ''TSV) m. 
torch, flame Gen. 15, 17; Jud 15,4 
a. 5; of lightning .Ex.20,18; for 
T'S^ Jb.12,5 see T'S . 

nlT'St' iJ^. «• husband of Deborah 
the prophetess Jud.4,4. 

iJSt) see CiB. 

^JSt) lK.6,17 see ''iSi . 

DSh {fut. r\B'^'[) to wind around, to 

embrace Jud. 16,29. 
Niph. nshi (fut. nsh)) l) to be 

turned aside DSIl nip-JK ^nsh"! 



the paths of their way are turned 
aside Jb.6,18.— 2) to step back 
from fear nS^?1 ^''^p inp.?.! and 
the man was afraid and stepped 
back R.3,8. 

ll'St' ™- mocking, scorn Pr. 1,22; 
\*,-ih "'K'JX scornful men Is.28,14:; 

^"i^ see Y^^ • 

Qlp'P !"■• w. a place in Naphtali 
Jos. 19,33. 

mb (once niT.Bz.17,5 for n^h and 
once sf. nnji Hos.11,3 for nnpjji ; 
fut. n|?1 ; p<. np.^ , pi. DTIp'? ; «mp. 
HflS , /". Tip^ , more frequently 
nil', nnp , /'.'inp ; mf. np^ , verb. n. 

nnfj., orioe ■nnj? 2K.i2,9, sf. •'nop , 

TjPini;,) 1) to take, with accMs. Ex. 
7,9; Is. 23,16; with mcus. of person 
and 3 of member, to take by 
"ilVXT nVVS ■'JDi^M and he took 
me by a forelock of my head 
Ez.8,3; I'O nph to take into one's 
hand, frequently in the meaning 
of to take along with, as food 
for a journey Jos. 9, 11, or men 
Jer,38,10; nntJ> npS to take a gift 
(bribe) Ex.23,8; nm nph to take 
a wife, to marry a woman Num. 
12,1; sometimes np7 merely serves 
to present another action more 
vividly. iS-iSH np'? QiS^aX Ab- 
salom had taken and reared up 
for himself 2S.18,18;njiti*^ DTipi^D 
DNJ 1DWJ1 who take their tongues 
and pronounce oracles Jer.23,31. — 
SJ to receive, to accept IPIpS ^ 


DnSrU they have received their 
inheritance Num.34,14; TD nnjj^ 
Q;Sp5 ''1 she hath received of the 
Lord's 'hand double Is.40,2; I] 
rp^ \n^Sri the Lord will accept 
my prayer Ps.6,10; "IDID npS to 
receive instruction Pr. 24,32; fig. 
to perceive IHJ^ YW "'^l? ^P-^^ 
and mine ear perceived a little 
thereof Jb.4,12.— 5j to take away, 
to take possession of, t9 capture 
O'lri'^K inK np.S God had taken 
him away Gen. 5,24; TI091?n(^)1 
and he hath taken away thy 
blessing 27,35; 'm hnif: npS 
■iVI^ Israel took away (i e. took 
possession of) my land 2S.4,6; 
fig. to captivate, to win nitl'S.? npl?! 
D3n and he that winneth souls 
is^wise Pr.11,30; n'<|l?9S?| TIDi^n-'rt! 
let her not take (captivate) thee 
with her eyelids 6,25.— 4) to 
procure, to buy innf^TIl rTJ2> nCDj 
she thinketh of a field and buy- 
eth it Pr.31,16; Tjin-ni? 1X3 n|ni 
niian rip'? n\2r\ and they came 
thither into the interior of thp 
house, as buyers of wheat 2S. 
4,6 (Bng. Bible: as though they 
would have fetched wheat).— 
5) to fetch, to bring QfT? '/'npl 
and fetch me from thence Gen. 
27,9; ^ir^ inx np_1. n^ia* send and 
fetch him unto ine IS.20,31: "inp 
]Jljp ''h bring me a minstrel 2K. 

Mph. npV^ ifut np^\ ■ inf. np^n) 

1) to be taken or seized, to be taken 
away ni5.Si n''^i'?« ]inXJ! and the 




ark of God was taken away IS.4,11; 
np^?} ''iiyS he is taken away (re- 
moved by death) in his iniquity 

Ez.33,6; injjijn ni''? dn art hot 

bread in the day when it was 
taken away (from the table) IS. 
21,7.— 2) to bring, with h^ : njl^nj 
^^?D ilT'^H ini?^ and Esther was 
brought unto the king's house 

Pu. n^'? (for fut. see Hoph.) 1) 
to be taken Df 13 nj?'? "ip. whence 
he was taken Gen,8,23. — 2) to be 
taken away, to be snatched away 

i]nNt: nfh_ ">nN ^^?"!n-DK if thou 

see me when I am taken (snatched) 
away from thee 2K.3,10 ; "IX'^S 
;n[57 tDSK'DDI through oppression 
and through judicial punishment 
was he taken away Is.53,8 (Stb.: 
he was deprived of defence and 
■of judgment). — 4:) to be carried 
.away Uf 3 T^'^Ji inf?'? thy sons 
are carried away into captivity 
Jer.48,46; Q|n ■'I3SJ Hi?'?"''? that my 
people is carried away for nought 

Hoph. n(2.n (only fut. PlgJ , also 
•considered as fut. of Pu.) i) to be 
taken npl IS^? "'HS iron is taken 
■out of the earth Jb.28,2.- 2) to 
be taken away Qip^D liaJD n|5p. 
shall prey be taken away from 
the mighty? Is.49,24.— 3) to be 
brought, fetched tyQ'^V'Q NrniS^ 
let a little water, 1 pray, be 
fetched Gen. 18,4. 

suhp. Di^.Son {pt.f. nni5S_oo) 

to take hold on itself; fig. of 

lightning: nDi220'? '^.'J^ and a Are 
taking hold on itself, i, e. continu- 
ally flashing Ex. 9, 24; Ez 1,4 
(other renderings: a whirling Are, 
a flaming fire; Eng. Bible in Ex.: 
and fire was mingled [with the 
hail]; in Bz.: and a fire infolding 

np7 {sf. "'OiJ?) m. prop, receivinf!, 
hence: 1) learning, instruction, 
doctrine Pr.4,2; Deut.32,2.— 2) 
captivating speech Pr.7,21. 

"Tip? J""- «• »»• lChr.7.19. 

^■p^ {fut. tap'j'^ ; inf. tsp^) to gather, 

to collect, to glean Gen. 31,46 
(stones); Gant.6,2 (flowers); R.2,8 
(ears of grain). 

Pi. iSp.'r {fut. tOjiiizl ; pt. ISfpSp ; 
inf. tO|37) same as Kal Gen.47,i4; 
R.2,2 a. 19. 

Pu. tDjs'? {fut. JSi^'?;.) to be gath- 
ered ^^^? '^mh \^tfPi ye shall be 
gathered one by one Is.27,12. 

Hithp. tai^Jinn (fut. £Di?.^n^) to 

gather themselves together, with 
7K: to any one Jud.11,3. 

ap^_ m. gleaning T^Vj^. ^^b. the 
gleanings of harvest Lev.19,9. 

pj5^ {fut. ■ph>, pi. \p)l) to lick, to 

lap IK.21,19; Jud.7,5. 

Pi- P^A (.pt- Pi?.!l'?) same as Kal 

2^n'? to be late, whence tJ'ip'^D lat- 


ter rain, t^p.jj. after-grass {Kal not 
Pi. ^i^h, {fut. ^^h)) to gather 




the late fruits W0\ yan Dl? 
they gather the vintage of the 
wicked Jb.24,6. 

2^r)7 m. after-grass, after-math Am. 


1^*7 in Ar. to lick, to suck. 

ISJ'^ TO. i^ juice, sap (of life), vigor 
■'W7 t|3n j my life-juice is changed 
(i. e. dried up") Ps.32,4.— S) fat 
cake ]mr\ 1th a fat cake of oil 

]%'b (from E^lS ; c. '[it?'? , sf. ''Jitl>'? ; 

pi nijtj>'? , sf. Dnjtr'?) f. (to. ps. 

22,16 a. 'Pr.26,28) 1) the tongue, 
as a member of the body Jud.7,5; 
as an instrument of speech Ps. 
39,4; here belong the expressions: 
IjJ.S' |iK>'? a lying tongue Pr. 12,19; 
n^DT jlK'l a deceitful tongue Ps. 
120,2; n1:)?nr3 ]it?'? a perverse 
tongue Pr.i6,30; ]'iifh ^^^ a man 
of an [evil] tongue Ps.l40,12; hv2 
]ia^S Ec.10,11 ace. Vulgate: slan- 
derer ; jWlj n3| of a slow, i. e. 
stammering tongue Ex.4, 10; ivhi 
]Wh of a stammering tongue Is. 
33,19. — 2) tongue, language, 
speech D'''n2>3 plifh the language 
of the Chaldeans' Dan.1,4; JitJ^S 
niOK another (i. e. foreign) lan- 
guage Is.28,ll; IJiB'Ss Dy|nl?-'7^< 
to every people after their lan- 
guage E8t.l,22; hence as a syno- 
nym with liJ (people): QIUT"?! 
fUtt'^pni all nations and tongues 
Is.66,18. — 5) of things resembling 
a tongue, as: B'K Jit!>^ a tongue 


of fire, i. 8. a flame Is.5,24; \Slifh 
3nt a tongue of gold, 1. e. a bar 
of gold Jos.7,21; D; liE**? a tongue 
of the sea, i. e. a bay Is. 11,15, or 
simply \'i^h Jos. 15,2. 

to abide, to dwell (Puerst). 
n3tt''P f- cell, room, chamber Bz. 
40,38; Neh.13,5 (= nS^J , which 
see); c. r\^'^h 2K.23,ll;'iJi. DiJB*^ 
Ez.40,17, c.'niDE'^ Neh.10,38; with 

n loc. r\ri0h is.9,22. 

U^'b m. 1) a species of gem Bx.28, 
19; 39, 12; ace. some: jacinth, 
others: opal. — 2) pr. n. a city, 
elsewhere called ^)h and ]1 , 
which see. 

rti/i (dtn. from |iB>S) to use the 
tongue (Kal not used). 

Pi. ]Wh to slander; pt. ''i^ha 
who slandereth Ps. 101,5 (for 
"'Jf'Sl? = I^Sp ; Ktib "r^i'^P). 

Hiph. |ia>7n ifut ]V?^{ pt. 

pa*'??) to slander, to calumniate 
(with b^ : before) Pr.30,10. 
]I2>^ Ch. {def. «Jf S ; def. pi N^jf 'j) 
TO. tongue, language Dan. 3,4; 7,14. 

V^^ ' ^ ^^v* P''- "• ^ ''i'y e3,st of 

the Dead Sea Gen.10,19; ace. Targ. 

and others Callirhoe, which was 

celebrated for its warm springs. 
nb IS.4,19 for niS, see l!?;. 
nn? ace. Stb. prob. to contain, to 

comprise, whence nnri"??.. 
P TO. measure for grain (= half 

of a is or Igh) Hos.3,2. 
J?ri7 ace. Ges. to bite, whence nijri^a. 




J3, final form D , the thirteenth let- 
ter of the alphabet, called Mem 
D^t? = D^g water, because of its 
original similarity to the form 
of a wave; as a numeral fi = 40, 
D = 600. 

~D , "^ pref. for HD , nO , see 
under HD . 

"0 1 "5? i"'ef' for ]D , which see. 

WQCh. (.=:Heb.nn)proM. what, some- 
thing ''Ti<p that which Bzr.6,8. 

D^^^(0 (tromD5f()M. granary, store- 
house, only j9?. sf. Ll'5nL<5 Jer.50,26 

IXD V^- might,power, strength "733 
Tjnxa with all thy might Deut.6,5; 
2K.23,25.—2^ad«. exceedingly, very 
liAP aits very good Gen. 1,31; r\2in 
^i<P exceedingly great 15,1; ngV^? 
liitp tjID^Q with the very great 
abundance of thy enchantments Is. 
47,9.-3; quiclily, readily IND TiPl 
come down quickly IS. 20,19; H^D2, 
Ti<P he is readily found Ps. 46, 2: 
Itony, nto*? TJ exceedingly 
Gen. 27,33; 2Chr.l6,14; nXD 1X03 
very exceedingly Gen. 17,2. 

hundred njB> nxD or HJB* nNI? a 
hundred years Gen. 17,17; 25,7; 
du. D^iHKa two hundred 11,23; as 
adv : a hundred tirties '7''p3 riisno 
nSO than to strike a fool a hun- 
dred times Pr.17,10; Xgn ip. 
nb'D Vl T^W though a sinner do 

evil a hundred times Bc.8,12.— 
8) the hundredth part, per centum 
ISSD n^P the hundredth part of 
the money Neh.5,11.— 3) '75JP 
nxp jjr. n. of a tower in Jeru- 
salem Neh.3,1; 12,39. 

nXD Ch. a hundred Dan.6,12; dv 
]\nKD two hundred Ezr.6,17. 

bmr2 see -^m . 

'IKtD (from n^^{) w. desire, only ^Z. 
c. \'.1SP Ps.140,9. 

DWp »*• 1) = 0^0 spot, blemish, 
defect Dan. 1, i. — 2) = HlOWp 
whatever, something, anything 
Jb.31,7 (comp. Deut.13,18). 

ndNp (prob. a compound of "HP 
HDI) pron. whatever, something, 
anylhing niD1S<P 13T to speak 
anything Num.22,38; iDNp ''J:inj2|' 
uDIXp and I will take something 
from 'him 2K.5,20; ^5?.13 r\fn 15 
nPINp DKtt'P wnen thou dost lend 
thy brother anything as a loan 
(literally: a loan of anything) 
]')eut.24,10; with a negative par- 
ticle: not anything, nothing N^l 
nPIKp TIT? p3T. there shall not 
cleave anything (cleave nothing) 
to thy hand Deut.13,18; 'mr\-% 
nPINP ''7 do him nothing (i. e. no 
harm) Jer.39,12inP1«p VT:'7H B*'»N 

"l^T-'^^v ■^®*' "" man'khow any- 
thing of the business IS.21,3; ^''K 
nPINP there is nothing IK.18,43; 




iT| !"•« naiKt?1 and he had noth- 
ing in his hand Jud.14,6; 1^ ]\K 

the keeper of the prison looked 
not to anything at all that was 
under his hand Gen. 39,23, 

DiND (from Df?D) m. refuse, any- 
thing contemptible Lam. 3,45. 

*liXD (c. 1iKI?i pi. onxi?, nilNa; 
m. j; light, lighting liNS? lOB* 
oil for the light Ex.25,6; niijD 
"liNDn the candlestick of the light 
Num. 4,9; fig. brightness, cheerful- 
ness n^iy "lisp the light of the 
eyes, i. e. bright eyes Pr. 15,30; 
D'lJS liSl? the light of the coun- 
tenance, i. e. cheerful counte- 
nance Ps.90,8.— .3; light, luminary 
Ps.74,16; of the sun and moon: 
Q^fn^n ni"lf<Sn \:if the two great 
lights Gen. 1,16; of the other celes- 
tial lights: 0102 -liK n>*a the 
bright lights of heaven Kz.32,8. 

mWO (c. rillKO) f. hole, cave Is. 
U,8 (prop, place of light, open- 
ing, from "li«). 

D^JTXD (from |m I.; c. \irt<a) /•. cZm. 
pair of scales, balance Jer.32,10; 
more fully '^^^m \JtN)2 balances 
for weighing Ez. 5, 1; p'lV V.tND 
just balances Lev. 19, 36; ^:JM^ 
no"]?? false balance Pr.11,1. 

j)JTXD Ch. f. du. balance Dan.5,27. 

^iXp (from '72i< ; c. "75X0 , sf. 
i'7Dttn , ng^DNO) w. (once f. Hab. 
1,16) eatable, food Gen.6,21; Jud. 

14,14; '?Db:D Y'J a tree for food 
(i. e. a tree bearing edible fruit) 
Lev.19,23; '73N.5 [K^ sheep for food 
(i. e. sheep appointed for slangh- 
ter) Ps.44,12. 

nyDkSa (from ^5^) f. food n^bt?a? 
H'jj'as food (fuel) for the Are Is. 

n^iXD (from "^DK to devour) f. 
knife Gen. 22, 10; fig. D i "7 3 N D 
T'rij^Vnp its teeth are as knives 

f*DNO (from ^fiS) m. power, ex- 
ertion; only pi. c. nb"\V?^5 ex- 
ertions of strength, efforts Jb. 

IGNO (from 10K ; c. lOKD) w. com- 

T -; - ^ " . 

mandment, decree Bst.1,15; 2,20; 

*1J2ND Ch. m. decree, command- 
ment Dan. 4,14. 

]Sp (only pt. ]ND) to refuse, to be 
unwilling n^a'S nPiN |N0 DN if 
thou refuse to let [them] go Ex. 

Pi. ]SP (Jut. INlOp same as Kal: 
D^n nW^ ]i<p he refuseth to let 
the people go Ex.7,14; n^2r\ riJ«p 
thou refusedst to be ashamed 
Jer.3,3; n"i?K ]s'0^. |N$"Q« if her 
father utterly refuse Ex.22,16. 

]X0 {pl. D"'Ji<.P.) aij. unwilling, re- 
fusing •''i^Ti"!^ ??it2ti'': cjsan who 

are unwilling to bear my words 

]Xp Ch. (pi. pjKD, c. •';SD, 64 




^T^**!?^ w. vessel, utensil Dan.6,3; 

DXO (/■«*. B^O"' i Pt. DKia ; inf. DiND 
or Di<D , sf. DJDi^D) to despise, to 
contemn, to reject, to refuse DSfiX 
"•T! I would despise my life Jb. 
9,21; ''nanji DKDX la-"??; therefore 
I despise [myself], and repent 42, 
6; nnr DKa he hath despised the 
cities Is.33,8; fj'^pi? T'OPSP I have 
rejected him from reigning IS. 
16,1; with 2 : Dn| ;) DKD i? be- 
cause the Lord hath rejected them 
Jer.6,30; J^^l DiXD to refuse the 
evil I8.7,l5; pt. f. ng^D D3E* the 
rod that contemneth (i. e. the ir- 
resistible rod) Ez.2l,18. 

Niph. DNOJ {fut. Um\ ■ pt. D«1?J) 
1) to be despised, rejected HD^ 
DXaj T'J''??5 in his eyes a despic- 
able person is despised Ps.15,4; 
0«13n ■'3 Qillil^J ntl'NI and a wife 
of youth, that was rejected Is.54. 
6.— 2) to be loathsome VII '''^''^ 
DNS.11 my skin is broken, and be- 
come loathsome Jb.7,5. — IDtja^. 
Ps.58,8 = 1DI2^ , from DDfi . 

nfiXD (from nSS) m. something 
baked Lav.2,4. 

^fiND (from '?£«) m. darkness Jos. 

(T't'SKG (=^; ''SKD , comp.n;n5n^B>) 

f. darkness of God, 1. e. utter 
darkness Jer.2,31. 
■^NO ace. Puerst: to sting, to wound 

- T 

{Kal not used). 
mph. "T-KDn (pt 1 1 « 9 D , f. 

'^.fSPa) to prick, to cause pain 

TiKDa li^D a pricking thorn Ez.28, 

24; hlNpa nr^V a painful (others; 

corroding) leprosy Lev. 13,51. 
^INO (from OIS; c. ansp) w, 

ambush P8.10,8; also troops in 

ambush 2Chr, 13,13. 
mXp (from TIX) f. curse Mal.3,9; 

c. hlKO Pr.3,33; i)J. nilKp 28,27. 

7'niD (from 753) adj. separate 
ni^Jian C'^^n the separate cities 

NllO (from «13 ; c. Ni3D , sf. lN3D , 


T]X3D ; pi. c. ''H^3D) m. ij coming 
in, entering -nN5'TlJ|ViD-r?J nvil 
T]Xi3a to know thy going out and 
thy coming in 28.3,25 (Zrj has 
Tj?<3ia, see K3iC); T^V \«i31?3 
ns?|53D like the entering into a 
city that is broken in Ez.26,10, 
DS?"Ni3J53 as the coming of a mul- 
titude, as the streaming of a 
mass 33,31. — 8) entrance, place 
of entering D^nriS NiJD the en- 
trance of the gates Pr.8,3; Ki3D 
rijsn the entrance of the house 
Ez.45,5 (opposite NViD egress); 
C niN3a the entrances of the 
sea, 1. e. harbors 27,3. — 3) coupled 
with E'SE' : the setting or going 
down of the sun, the west Deut. 
11,30; Jos.1,4; "iV) tl>12^ Hltsa 
iNiiD from the rising of the sun 
even to his going down (i. e 
from east to west) Mal.1,11. 

n^np (from ^1^3) f. perplexity, 
consternation Is.22,5; Mic.7,4. 




^130 (from '75;iII.)»w. flood, deluge 
Gen.6,17; Ps.29,l0. 

nC^iD (i'rom D13) /■. a treading 
down, a trampling down Is.22,5. 

S?130 (from 3^3 J) m. fountain, 
spring S?13an-'?r 13 l^f ni and 
the pitcher shall be broken at 
the fountain Be. 12,6; pi. c. \V^3D 
DVD springs of water Is.35,7;49,l0. 

nplip (from pi3) f. emptiness, 
desolation Nah.2,11. 

^lln^DD (from in3) m. choice, the 
choicest, best 2K.19,23. 

"in^p (.from ina ; c. ini?) w. i; 

choice, the choicest, the best 
|!<2fri in^p the choice of the 
flock Bzi4,5; ]i:3'?-3it3l in^p the 
choice and best of Lebanon 31, l6; 
pi, sf. VTn^O DjJ the people of his 
choice (his chosen people) Dan. 
11,15.— 2) pr. n. m. lChr.11,38. 

1230 (from IS3J) m. expectation, 
hope (nB|iD =) n^|5 tJ>''3in her 
expectation shall be ashamed 
Zch.9,5; also of the object of hope: 
D^|D E'lap of Ethiopia their hope 
(i. e. of Ethiopia upon whom 
they rely) Is.20,5; ^JD|D rtS such 
is our hope v. 6. 

Nti^D (from K^l) m. utterance 
.n^JlBE? N'Dap the utterance of her 
lips Num.30,7. 

njDia (from ntaa •, c. n^ii? , «/■. 
iribio, •'naap; p?. D''n^5P) w. 

ij confidence, trust ^''.3 Hi'^nS 
?lpja3p that thy trust may be in 

the Lord Pr.22,l9; IJia HC^D con- 
fidence in a treacherous man 25, 
19; also of the object of trust: 
inianiO " Dti>— IB'K that maketh the 

- : • t; t V -; 

Lord his trust Ps 40,5; Jb.8,14; 

31,24. — 2) security, safety, ease 

int33D i'^HN'O pnr his security 

shall be torn from his tent Jb. 

18,14; pi. CriMD nijaE*? secure 

abodes Is.82,18. 
ri''J'''7.3fi "erft. n. of J73 , which see. 
ilJiO (from nj3) m. building, house 

1330 pr. n. m. 28.23,27 = ^230 2t,, 

Til^ (from "1V3 S; c. 1^35 ; pi. 

nns^p a. niiv^a, c. '''nv;'!?) «». 

i^ fortiflcatjon, fortress Is.25,12; 
IV;?? T'l; a fortified city Jer.1,18, 
pi. 'lS5P "'ny Num.32,36.— .2; aoc. 
some: gold-ore (:= "I5f3 i) Jin3 
1SJ?p i|3S?3 Tl'^nnj I have set thee 
among my people as an assayer 
of gold-ore Jer.6,27 (Bng. Bible: 
I have set thee for a tower and 
a fortress). — 3) pr. n~ an Edo- 
mite prince Gen. 36,42. 

m^p (from rT13) to. prop, flight, 
hence: fugitive Bz. 17,21. 

Wp^D (from l'-'i3 I.) m. pi. the 
privy parts, pudenda; only sf. 

m^^ Deut.25,11. 

n^l2fnp (from ''1*3) f. cooking- 
hearth, boiling-placej only pi. 
r\'hW2^ Ez 46,23. 

QJI?30 pr- n. 1) a son of Ishmael 




2) another person 

Gen. 25, 13.- 

)|J3 m. magus, Persian priest JO'il 

chief of the magi Jer.39,3, 
J2'''2Ju3 pr. n. an unknown place 

n^ajD (from h:2i; only pi. fliSlJI?) 

f. twisted work, cord Bx.28jl4: 
nrajp (from V^^ to be high; pi. 

nij^l^I?) m. head-dress, bonnet, 

cap (of priests) Ex.29,9. 
"IJO in -A^r. to be noble, celebrated, 


^JS^ (.P^- Cl^lS) tn. preclousness, 
... |... 

precious things U)'0^ 1^.!D the pre- 
cious things of the heavens Deut. 
33,13; ^l^f DNUri n;.9. the preci- 
ous products of the sun v. 14j 
D^lJip ''^3 precious fruits Cant.4, 
13; with omission of ''IB: 'b^ 
D'l'nJp all precious fruits 7,14-. 

I'^^O pr. n. Megiddo, a fortified city 
of Manasseh at the foot of Car- 
mel, in the valley of Jezreel 
nja-nvpl the plain of Megiddo 
3Chr.35,22; i'lJI?"''!? waters of Me- 
giddo Jud.5,19: =|nj!? Zch.12,11. 

^f^^O a. V'lJD pr. n. a city in the 
northern limits of Egypt Ex.14,2; 
Jer.44,li Bz.30,6. 

p-^jp see i'lJ?) . 

^S^'^JO J""- «■ an Edomite prince 

b'^2iD (c. ^VP ■> pi- ^'hv^ , nib-jJD) 

T ; ■ 

m. 1) tower, watch-tower, turret 

Gen.ll,4;Jo.5,3; '\V-hl?a a tower of 
strength, i. e. a fortified tower 
Jud.9,51; 1ig. )^. m fy'^'n^P the 
name of the Lord is a tower of 
strength Pr.18,10; of beds in a 
garden: CnPip m^'lJIS turrets of 
aromatic herbs Cant. 5, 13. — 2) 
elevated stage, pulpit Neh.8,4. — 
3) in compound names of places: 
a) '^^■''1^1? (.tower of God), a for- 
tified city in Naphtali Jos. 19,38, 
now Mejdal on the western coast 
of the sea of Galilee. I) 'Mrh'^:,'Q 
(tower of Gad), a city in Judah 
Jos.15,37. c) 'T3i'."'?3JD (tower of 
the flock), a village near Beth- 
lehem Gen.35,21. d) dnucin '?'3JD 

(tower of the ovens), a tower 
near the walls of Jerusalem Neh. 
3,11, and in other names. 

"i'^Jp /• precious thing, only pi. 
nii'J.^D Gen.24,53; 2Chr.21,3. 

jI'JO pr. n. Magog, a son of Japheth 
Gen. 10,2 and a people in the 
north east of Europe, by whom 
Josephus and others understand 
the Scythians Ez.38,2. The king 
of the land of Magog is called 
Jiil (which see). Among the Jews 
are current various fables about 
a people jiJDI Jiil , as well as 
among the Arabs about Jagug 
and Mfigug. 

IIJO (from 11JI II.) m. fear, terror 


3''5D!3 "liJD terror round about 
Jer.6,25; pi. sf. ''tl^JD my terrors 
lija (f-om "IIJI I.; pL D^^lJp. c. 




■"lUlp) m. 1) sojourning, temporary 
abode 1UK n.^jp fl^ the land of 
his father's sojourning Gen.37,1; 
?I''1J1? f^? the land of thy so- 
journing 17,8; fig. of earthly life: 
inijp \je> ia'. the days of the 
years of my sojournlngs (Eng. 
Bible: pilgrimage) Gen.47,9; fT'S 
''^UD the house of my sojourn- 
lngs (i. e. my temporary abode 
on earth) Ps.l 19,54.— 2) place of 
sojourning, dwelling T''l|* ]''t<i 
V^1JI?3 nor any remaining in his 
Jweliings Jb.l8,19;D'51J'?3 ^\^Vf''^2 
for evils are in their dwelling 
Ps.55,16.— Porn.Oa Ez.21,17 see 


nilJp (from 1U II.; c. ri^iJip) f. 

ita.T Pr.10,24. 
nnijp I. (from 11^ I.) f. barn, 

granary Hag.2,19. 
r\'^jCl 11. (from l^il IJ.) f. fear, 

object of fear Is.66,4; Ps.34,5. 
n-lTJD (from 1t|; ^j?. nil.^D) f. 

axe, hatchet; only j)J, c. riilfJIS 

'PJIO TO. sickle Jer.50,16; Jo.4,13. 

n^jp (from b% ; c. D^JP) f. roll, 
volume Jer.36,6; ngp-n^jp roll of 
a book V. 2; also Ch. Bzr.6,2. 

HiSJO (ace. Stb. for HKaJD from 
Xi2| ; c. riB^P) f. striving, desire 
HDinp^ DHVi najp the striving 
(1. e. direction) of their faces is 
forwards Hab.1,9. 

Xyt^ to give {Kal not used). 

Pi. ]Aa {fut pp^J j; to deliver 
over T]TJ3 TJ-ilV IJp I^N who hath 
delivered thine enemies into thy 
hand Gen. 14,20; hence: to deliver 
up, to surrender DM^N ^4Qb' ^''H 
h^'W) Tlf^pb: how shall 'l give 
thee up, Bphraim? how shall I 
surrender thee, Israel ? Hos.11,8. — 

2) to bestow ^nypp) r.i^isri nip 

a crown of glory shail she be- 
stow on thee Pr.4,9. 

]JD (from \l\; sf. "-iJIO ; pi. □''Jja , 
jiiilJD, c. \4JD) m. shield Jud.5,8; 
28.5,21; IK.10,175 14,25; 2Chr 23,9; 
]JD tJ>''K an armed man Pr.6,11; 
24,34; iig. of God: ''Wl W)- ''^^? 
my shield and the horn of my 
salvation Ps.18,3; poet, of princes: 
f^^ \.ijp the shields ti- e. pro- 
tectors) of the earth Ps.47,10: 
n"'|ja her shields (i. e. rulers) 
Hos.4,18; of the crocodile's scales: 
Q'^jlJD ip^SN. r\\^ what pride is 
there in his strong shields (i. e, 
scales)? Jb.4I,7. 

ni^Ct (from ]4i c. MJ^l?) f. a cover- 
ing, a blinding dStijJD a blind- 
ing of the heart Lam.3,65 (Eng. 
Bible: sorrow of heart, evidently 
taking n|Jlp as a derivative of 


riir:p (from IJJ^) f. rebuke, curse 

(1550 (from ^14; c. nB.5P; jjj. niS.^D) f. 

1) plague, pestilence Ex. 9, 14; 

Nuni.14,37.— 2) defeat, slaughter 

(in battle) IS.4,17; 2S.17.9. i 




WVSiiD pr. n. m, Neh.iO,21. 

1JJ3 prop, to cast, hence: to give 
up, to abandon; only pt. p. ''lUH 
•ST-D"'^ abandoned to the sword 
Bz.21,17 (Bng. Bible: terrors by- 
reason of the sword, taking ^f.^'^i? 
as a noun derived from IIJI II). 
Pi. liO to cast down \SM1 
nri^^5 f^xS and thou hast cast 
his throne down to the ground 

'IJD Ch. to throw {Peal not used). 
Pa. "liliS (fut. "liD^) to overthrow, 
to destroy Bzr.6,12. 

m:p (from '^'^i II.; pi. nilJ!?) f. 

a saw 28.12,31; IK.7,9; lChr.20,3. 
\njS3 ?»"• w. a place in Benjamin 

near Gibeah 1S.U,2; Is.10,28. 
rWliD (from j;n| ; pi. DiJ^IJI?) f. 

jT-ero 'lapwing in of the wall 

nSljp (from e\l^) f. clod of earth 

rTnii.^":^ nnp niTis war the 

g'-ains of seed are rotten under 
their clods Jo. 1,17. 

jyiJD (c. ts>!!.'ip;p^. D'nJD, niB^^Jt?, 

c. \!?'].?P) m. 1) pasture, a place 
whither cattle are driven to graze 
(from ^5^ to drive).— 2) suburb, 
outskirt nni;!! ''¥^"1J!? the suburbs 
of the cities Num!35,4; npA'.l'^P^ 
nlB^I.JD la'^.T'. tl^^^'n at the sound 
of the cry of thy pilots the sub- 
urbs will shake Ez.27,28;— 3) pre- 
cinct Dn''K>1.JD ny the cities of 
their precincts lChr.13,2. 

no (from nii3; sf. ^^D, na a. iip, nnp; 

pi. D''1D, CI? , «/■. 1""1D) M. i; mea- 
sure mi2 {'tli!'.?? i^ll^i! the measure 
thereof is longer than the earth Jb. 
n,<i; ■fig.1\'''li:i n^p i]i& portion of 
thy measure Jer. 13,25- — 2) vest- 
ment, garment ^5 "^9 jd^D tS'^jl 
and the priest shall put on his 
linen garment Lev. 6,3; 28.20,8; 
D^ytlp 1'''55^ with his garments 
rent'is.i,i2;T'TO'? '7l?D upon his 
garments 17,39; 'fig. nSSf? ti>3^n 
i'lDI and he clothed himself with 
cursing as with a garment Ps. 
109,18-— 3) covering, carpet ''5?^'' 
I'''!?"'??? that sit on carpets, i. e. 
the wealthy Jud.5,10 (Eng. Bible: 
ye that sit in judgment). 

naiD Ch. (def. Kna"]® m. altar 

inS2 I (from liT I.) m. mouth, 
speech HlNJ T]'13']!3 thy speech is 
comely Cant.4,3. 

13"]JD II- (from 15^ II-; with H loc. 

nianD; e, ■i3no,withn he mann 

Jos.18,12 a. 1X.19,]5; sf. nna^O) TO. 
iy' steppe, pasture land "l|"19 '"l^^^. 
the pastures of the steppe Jer. 
9,9; Ps. 65, 13; r\'V\n\ ^Sip the 
steppe (i. e. plain) of Judah Jud. 
1,16; Jos. 15,61.— 2) desert, wil- 
derness Is.14,17; nana' l^np des- 
olate wilderness Jo.2, 3; de/". nSlBH 
generally signifying the great 
Arabian desert (Gen. 14,6; Ex.3,1), 
of which the different parts are 
distinguished by separate names 
(see YD , Ti? , n^? ' IV , lit?)- 




MTO (1 WD, 3 pi. l-iriO; M. in;, 

"-T . 

ftp- T ?,;, pl- 1'^^V' ^"Z" "^'^^ prop. 
to stretch, hence: to measure Bz. 
40,5; B.3,15; Is.40,12; fig. ''mDI 
Di^"'n ^^ »>nrhvp and 1 will mea- 
sure out their " work... into their 
bosom (i. e. reward them ac- 
cording to their deserts) Is. 65,7. 

Niph. naj {fut. 1& , pi. ni3^) to 

be meted out Jer.31,37; 33,22. 

Pi. IIP (/Mi. "I^Dp a. nniD (fut. 
Tl.iD^j to stretch out, to extend, 
to measure it!?? "Ilp^ and the 
night be extended, i. e. long Jb 
7,4 (Eng. Bible: and the night be 
gone); nnD>j niSQ pp^l. and 1 will 
mete out (i. e. divide) the valley 
of Succoth Ps.60,8; '^^03 O'lim 
and he measured them with a 
line2S.8,2jf'nf< nlO)l IM he stood 
and measured the earth Hab 3,6. 

mthp. niDnn (fut. Tipn)) to 

stretch oneself, with 7?? : TlDn.'!] 
IZlD'-y and he stretched him- 
self upon the child liv.17,21. 

*nO (from Ti: ; c. TnD) m. the 
passing away Jb.7,4 (but see TID 

niD {= "IIP) to spread out, to 

TT * 

extend, hence lip a. ]na 2. 
rr^a (from nia ; c. iTip ; ^jZ. n^p , 
sf. Vni'ip, gipiip) /•. i; exten- 
sion, hence: tallness, largeness 
iTlD U>''l< a man of great stature, 
i. e. tall man lChr.11,23, pi. ''tJ'JK 
nTO Is.45,14 or nnp •'E'JK Num. 
13 32 men of great stature; ri''5 

fli'ip a wide house Jer. 22, 14. — 
2) measure iTIp ^^l or JTip 7^0 a 
measuring line Jer.3l,38; 21ch.2,5; 
rripn njp a measuring reed Bz. 
40,5; fig. ^D^ iTlD the measure (i. e. 
extent) of my days Ps.39,5. — 3) 
garment {=112 2) "'?-''?? ^IT 
T'pi'ip which runneth down to the 
siiirts of his garments Ps.133,2. — 
4) tribute (= Ch. nj^P) D ID i 
'^^WD for the king's tribute Neh. 

rr^P Ch. f. tribute Bzr.4.20 (=r\1i'Q 
V. 13). 

flinip (from On. in^ gold) f. ace. 
Kimchi; exactress of gold Is. 14,4 
(Eng. Bible- golden city, evidently 
taking the formative D to imply 
place, as in njp"ip ; ace. Targ. 
and others: n^nip insolence, from 

np (from niD) ?K. gaiineiii,; ^„. sf. 

DDM1P their garments 28. lO,*; 

nna Cfrom m -, c. -r.i.y ; ^ .. c. 
\T,"1P) m. sickness, disease jjeut. 
7,15; 28,60. 

n^'np (from nni) m. seductiop 

n-'ni'ip^ N1E* nis'ij'p ?]S vn?i but 

they foresaw for thee prophecies 
of falsehood and seduction Lam, 


]nO 1. (from JW) m. quarrel, con- 
tention, strife m\ ]iiai ii"! i;7_ij 
and there is strife, and conten- 
tion riseth up Hab. 1,3; jinO B>''« 
a man of contention (a quarrel- 


349 pID 

some man) Jer.15,10; ]inp i:Q''B'n 
1J''^5ti>7 thou makest us a strife 
(i. e. an object of strife) unto 
our neighbors Ps.80,7. 

illO II- (from mO) m, extension, 
length ]inD B'''^ a man of great 
stature 2Chr.21,20 (Ktib ]n.n). j 

"iflt^ III- pr. n. a city in the north , 
of Palestine,l. 

J?1ia {contracted fromm'-nD what 
is known?) adv. why? for what 
reason? Gen.26,27; Bx.3,3. 

inp Ch, see niD . 

mnp (= "l^T II- ^) /■- pile of wood 
Bz.24,9; sf. nnl^l? ls.30,33. 

njS'ntt see ntpnD'. 

nrnt3 .'from nn^) m. fall, over- 
throw Pr.26,28. 

nfirnp (from fin^) f. overthrow, 
downfall; only pi. J/T DDH ti>^« 
n^EmoS IS^IV^. may evil hunt 
down the violent man to his down- 
fall Ps.140,12. 

"■^O i""- n. Media, a country of Asia 

— T 

lying south of the Caspian sea 
and settled by the descendants 
of Madal, the son of Japheth Gen. 
10,2; it also stands for the people 
of Media (the Medes) Is.13,17; gent. 
inD the Median Dan. 11,1. 

t*70 Ch. pr. n. Media Ezr.6,2; gent. 
HNHD the Median Dan.6,1 iKtib 

T TT ' 



''^tl (from iTna) adv. sufficiently 
i^P^ IHnprirTf*'? C^LJ^Dtlie priests 

had not sanctified themselves suf- 
ficiently 2Chr.30,3. 
\'1p see 11. 

]'''^P I. Vl of ID 3, which see. 

"j'''^P II- W- **- ^ city in Judah Jos. 

I'lp I. (from ]n ; only pi. CJ;!!? , 

c. ""JMC) m. contention, quarrel 

(= ]i-iD) hy\in n'^^^i Dijnp the 

lot causeth contentions to cease 
Pr.18,18; Hf K ijnp T:ib t^^) the 
quarrels of a wife are a conti- 
nual dropping 19,13; frequently 
Ktib CJina , see ]inD . 

VT'p II- V^- n. son of Abraham by 
Keturah Gen, 25,2, ancestor of the 
Arabian tribe of Midianites who 
lived east of the Jordan, of Sinai 
and in Arabia Petraea Ex,2,15; 
IK.11,18; sometimes identical with 
the Ishmaelites Gen. 37,28; gent. 
"ij;"!!? Midianite Num. 10, 29, /. 
n''jna 25,15; pi. m. D'^jno Gen. 
37,28, for which once D^jnp v. 36. 

nTID (from 1^ ; pi. nijnip)V prop, 
jurisdiction, hence: province, re- 
gion, country lK.20,14; Bst.l,3'j 
Dan. 11,24. 

nrio Ch. (c. n^na , def. xnjnD) 

T ■ : ■ T : • ; 

province, country Dan.2,48; Ezr. 

5,8; pi. jjnp Bzr.4,15, d^f. s'n^na 

ri-Dhp (from ?]M) f. mortar Num. 

]P'IP i'»'« «• a city in Moa'« rier, 





nJCllD I (from lan) 1) a place of 
dung, a dunghill Is. 25, 10. — 
2) pr. n. a city in Benjamin, near 
Jerusalem Is. 10,31. 

nSOlD P*"- **• 3. city in Judah Jos. 

\1D (from ]11) »M. ij contention, 
strife; only pL D^jniO Pr.6,19; 10, 
12. — 2) pr. n. son of Abraham 
by Keturah, the brother of Midian 
Gen.25,2; pi. D^jnp = Cr"]? Mi- 
dianates Gen.27,26 (see |Wa). 

J^'ID (from J?V) TO. j^ knowledge, 
intelligence Dan. 1,4; 2Chr.l,10. — 
2) consciousness, thought Be. 

J?'1a see VjiO . 

n^p.lO (from Ij^^) f. a piercing, 

wounding; i)Z. c. niipio? n^jis ty;. 

D^.n there is that speaketh like 
the piercings of a sword Pr.12,18. 

ilp Ch. (from nn ; sf. 1\'p1?, 
jirrinp) m. dwelling Dan. 2, 11; 

njnO (from Jm) f. stair-like 
height, steep mountain Cant.2,14; 

"n^lD Cfrom t]55 ; c. ?Iinp) to. a 
treading, a space trodden upon 
''JtJ'^r^l'li? the treading of the 
sole of a foot, i. e. a foot-breadth 

JJ^Trp (from tJ>1^) m. inquiry, com- 
mentary D''p7Dn IgD ^y^P a com- 
mentary on the book of the Kings 

n^lD (from ti*n) /". something 
threshed, trodden down; fig. of 
the oppression of Judea ''i^^'TO 
''0'1|"|5^ my down-trodden, arid 
the son of my threshing-floor Is. 

KmO see Nwan. 

T IT : Ti r , 

no (sometimes HO , especially be- 


fore gutturals with Kametz; be- 
fore Makkeph ni3) 1) pron. in- 
definite: whatever, something ''H^l 
n^lK nD whatever there is, let 
me "'run 28.18,22; HD ^hv lbr"'1 
and let come upon me whatever 
will Jb.13,13; HS "iDT whatsoever 
Num.23,3; with a negative, noth- 
ing nS"nS?T"751 and she knoweth 
nothingPr.'9,13;...|'"ni3 that which, 
what n^n^'TIg that which was 
Bel, 9; also with omission of the 
rel. pron. •'O''?*^ Di^ls'T HO what 
ye saw that I did (what ye saw 
me do) Jud.9,48. — 2) pron. inter- 
rogative; what? tJ'iSariTID what 
seekest thou ? Gen.37,15; 'ID^< Htt 
what shall I say? Bx.3,13; H^ 
p''te>5; what hast thou done ? Gen. 
4,10; also without apparent inter- 
rogation: i"? n|>y\-nD nvi? to 

know what shall be done to him 
Bx.2,4; by way of depreciation 
and humiliation; J^V^TID what 
profit Gen. 37,26; ''r:i2-ril$ what ie 
my strength Jb.6,ll;njn DiSnn niS 
what is this dream J Gen.37,10i 
a>ilN-niO what is man? Ps.8,5i 
sometimss interrogative nD pre- 
supposes negation; i[hT\^_ ^JD'HS 




what departeth frDm me? (i. e. 
nothing departeth from me) Jb. 
16,6; T]!?T. 4"n» what have I to 
do with thee (i. e. I have nothing 
to do with thee) Jud.ll,12i Tj^-nD 
di7E*7^ what hast thou to do with 
peace ? (i, e. thou hast nothing 
to do with peace) 2K.9,18i "niO 
13n"n^ |502 what hath the straw 
to do with the corn ? Jer.23,28.— 
3) in reference to quality: what, 
what kind of ? il|<n"n5 what form 
is he of? IS.28,14; tl*''Nn'l? HD 
what manner of man ? 2K.1,7; 
n^«n Dnrn n^ what cities are 
these ? IK.9,13; in this sense some- 
times preceded by noun c ; TlDDn 
GHtb no what wisdom have they? 
Jer.8,9. — 4) adv. of cause: why, 
wherefore? ''Ss prvri'^P why 
criest thou to me ? Bx.l4:,15; ~T\D 
''1'^S pDJfl wherefore do ye tempt 
the Lord? 17,2.— 5) adv. of man- 
ner: a) how, how much N^iJITID 
^in Q'ip^D how dreadful is this 
place! Gen.28,17; Tjpa* inS-HD 
how glorious is thy name ! Ps. 
8,2; ^"'i^nJ* U!2"nD how beautiful 
are thy tents! Num.24,5; nSJl« 
"'pK 7in"nt? that I may know how 
frail I am Ps.39,5; in^HN HD 
Tjri^in how love I thy law ! Ps. 
119,97; rb'Vhh rUl^ nig how hast 
thou helped him that is without 
power' Jb.26,2. h) how, in what 
way p1DV4"n5 how shall we 
justify ourselves ? Gen. 44, 16. — 
Joined to prepositions: a) HD'iy 
till when? how long? Ps.74,9. 

I) HD"'??? upon what? Is.1,5; Jb. 
38,6; wherefore, why? Jer.9,11; 
Jb.10,2.— With prefixes 3,3, h : 
a) ni33, ng3 in what, at what, 
whereby ? '^iHJ TO na3 wherein 
his strength is great Jud.l6,5f 
«in 32*0^. n|)3 at what shall he 
be esteemed Is.2,22i IDXn MSS 
wherewith thou mayest be bound 
Jud. 16,13; yiN na3 whereby shall 
1 know Gen. 15,8; rarely adv. of 
cause: why ? n33 ^l HB'y na3 why 
hath the Lord done thus? 2Chr. 
7,21. h) nS3, n^l how great? how 
much? how many? "'Jty ''D'' ni33 
Tl\*n how many are the days of 
the years of thy life ? (i. e. how 
old art thou ?) Gen.47,8; n3m-nJ33 
nil.K na31 how great is her 
breadth, and how great is her 
length Zch.2,6; as adv. of time:, 
how long? how often? 'ifh nsS 
"'^^1? n^tl'n how long wilt thou 
not depart from me ? Jb.7,19; 
'\y]^l mnpinas how often did 
they provoke him in the wilder- 
ness? Ps. 78,40; cars ni33"nr 

how many times? IK.22,16; n.t 
D''JB^ n^l these so many years 
Zch.7,3. c) nsS , nnS (three times 
HD^ IS. 1,8) why? wherefore? 
'^^.'2 i^SD i^iS^ 'wherefore smitest 
thou thy fellow? Ex.2,13; nfnaS 
^3JX why then am 1 ? (i. e. why do 
I exist,) Gen. 25,22; in a wider 
sense: of what good, of what 
profit D^.n "h T\UJ what good shall 
my life do me ? 27,46: 'h n-T\nh- 
nT33 what profit- then, shall the 




birthright be to to me ? 25,32; 
with rel. tl* : noW for why ? Cant. 
1,7 (= nizh "im Dan. 1, 10).— 
Sometimes ni? unites with the 
following word into one, as: HID 
Bx.4:,2 for nrna; D5^a what 
mean ye? Is. 3,15 for D3|"nD ; 
nxSoD what a weariness ! Mai. 
1,3 for nK'?n-nD ; nnn Bz.8,6 for 
on HD . With such contractions 
are generally classed also ''JQ/ 
sufficiently 2Chr. 30,3 (=''Tno'?) 
and njti'Kllo'? at first IChr.15,13 

(= n:ty«n|-ntt'?); ace. Buxtorf 

the prefixes in these words stand 
for h and ]D ("»). 

ilD Ch. (once KID , which sec) pron. 
what? Dan. 4,32; without interrog- 
ation KDitynn no ri'' he knoweth 
what is in the darkness Dan. 2,22; 
■il na what, that which 2,28; with 
prefixes: a) ni23 how! how much! 
]''D"131 na? \n1riX how great are 
his signs! Dan 3,33. b) HoS why? 
wherefore? H^JQ Wi2>; HdS why 
should damage grow? Bzr.4:,22; ''T 
nnS for why? 7,23. 

nnj3 or ngnp in Ar. to hold back 

— T 

(Kal not used). 

Hithp. ^^Tl^r}^ to delay, to 
tarry, to stay "'nnanonn x"?! "';:iB'n 
I made haste, and delayed not 

Ps. 119,60; i^—nan nenanrDx 

though it tarry, wait for it Hab. 
2, 3 ; inoni irranaTT stav- and 
wonder Is.29,9. 
nOinO (from Qin ; c. DDint?) f. 1) 

tumult, noise .IDinfi Di'H the day 

of tumult Ez.7,7;'nmni?n n^n 

great in tumult, full of noise 22, 
5; pi, ni^T niDina great tumults 
Am.8,9.— 2) disturbance Deut.28, 
20; Pr.15,16. — 3) confusion, con- 
sternation Deut. 7, 23 ; Is. 22, 5 ; 
n.ip'npinp a deadly consternation 

]J3^np pi", n. a Persian euDuch Est. 

tiXl^V^P 1) pr. n. m. Neh.6,10.— 
2) pr. n. f. Gen.36,39. 

yr\12 (from IHD I.) adj. quick, dili- 
gent, ready, skilled inns'zP? I'^na 
diligent in his work Pr.22,29i '1r?^D 
1\"1ID a ready scribe Ezr. 7, 6; c. 
pi? "I?? quick in righteousness 
Is. 16,5. " 

tTlD [pt. p. hMTD) to mix, to adul- 
terate (a drink) D\122 "^^a TjXaD 
thy wine is mixed with water Is. 

Tj^no (from rfiQ; c. r|Sn.a, sf. 

^?7'"-^ "*• ^) walking, way, jour- 
ney'Neh.2,6; n''a; nfSa> ri^LOD 
three days' journey Jon.3,3.— 2) 
walk, space for walking T]^n!3 
3n-| niSN im a walk of ten cu- 
bits breadth Ez.42,4. 
T]7nD (from Tj^n) m. way, a place 
to walk (others: companion, guide) 

only pi. ys D''5'?r3a T]'? i;?nji 

n^xn Dna3;n and f wm glVe thee 
places to walk among these that 
stand by (i. e. thou shalt have 
access to them) Zch.g,7 




^Sna (from "^^n) m. praise tt'^'X] 
^^^DP ^9? and a man [is proved] 
according to his praise Pr. 27,21. 

bX'P'^nD P*"- n. m. 1) a patriarcti 
descended from Seth Gen. 5, 12. — 
2) another person Neh.ll,l4. 

naS'lD (from hhr\) f. blow, stroke; 

oiily pi. niffi':D» blows Pr.19,29. 

mbriD (from IDn) f. stream, 
... I -. _ 

whirlpool, abyss (others: deep 
pit); only pi. miDnn Ps.l40,ll. 

nssna (from ?isn •, c. Kum f- 

overthrow, destruction naSHD 
iTJOyininp the overthrow of So- 
dom and Gomorrah Deut. 29,22; 
also in the sense of a verb. n. 

with accm.: "DS Di^i'^x nssna? 

Dllp lii£e God's overthrowing So- 
dom Is.13,19. 

DDSnO (from t]Bn) prop, torsion, 
Lence: stocks (an Instrument of 
punishment, a kind of a pillory) 
Jer.20,2; riasnan n^a the house 
of the stocks, i. e. the prison 
f^Chr 16,10. 

nnO I- 1) t" hasten; in Kcd once: 

— T 

=l"ini3 "inK that hasten after an- 
other [God] Ps.16,4 (others render 
linD 'that give presents', refer- 
ring it to IQD II., which see). — 
2) to be quick, ready, skilled, 
whence 1''nD. 

Niph, inrj (pi. "ini?J.) 1) to be 
hurried, to be hasty, headlong 
ninpj D''^flS;i riVy the counsel of 
the perverse is carried on head- 

long Jb.5,13; ini??ni lan •'ijin that 

bitter and hasty (impetnouslj 
people Hab.l,6i ]^a; D'^ini?;! iS^I 
nS?^S the heart also of the hasty 
(rash) shall understand knowledge 
Is.32,4.— 2) to be fearfu), timid 
^13 ''T'.D'?^ they that are timid by 
heart Is.35,4. 

Pi. inp (fut. ina^. ; pt. inapji 

1) to hasten ^rim'Q 'nE>'n; 1D5! 

let him hasten, let him speed his 
work Is.5,19; l^n'ntj liq? haster 
hither Haman (i. e. bring him 
quickly) Bst.5,5; so also IK.22,9.— 

2) to hasten, to make haste inD.iJ 
n^.p**^ C^n^^N and Abraham has- 
tened into the tent Gen. 18,6; inQ 
ns^' tS^jari haste thee, escape 
thither 19,22; frequently before 
other verbs as adv.: T\ys linC) 
they quickly (soon) forgot Ps. 
106,13; before inf. with h : rpjya 
NXD7 thou hast found it quicly 
Gen.27,20; without h : N2 |ri1.nD 
ye are come soon Ex.2, 18 — 5) 
to be hasty, rash nniSi-'^b' Tja^l 
"IJT. K'')fin7 and let not thy heart 
be hasty to utter anything Ee.5, 
1.— 4) to be skilled, ready Jiti'S^ 

ninx -lanS inan CJ^v and the 

tongue of the stammerers shall 
be ready to speak plainly Is.32,4. 

^nO II- (akin to 1112) prop, to 
barter, hence: to pay a mariage- 
price, to endow i? nil!?'?! inn 
ntt'K? he shall surely endow her 
to ".e his wife Ex.22,l5. 

*inO 1) cdi- swift, quick Zph.1,14.— 




2) adv. hastily, quickly Ex.32,8; 


*iriD (from 'iriD II.) m. marriage- 
- I 
price, dowry Gen.34,12; lS.18,25; 

niSinan in'D the dowry of vir- 
gins Ex.22, 16. 

niMD f- haste, speed nina? in 
haste, i. e. soon Ec.4,l2; frequent- 
ly as adv.: quickly, speedily, 
swiftly 2K.1,11; also .Tinp-ny Ps, 
147,15; nnnp h^ or hjl .Tina very 
swiftly Jo.4',4; Is.5,26. 

^*inJ3 p)"' n. one of David's war- 
riors 28.23,28. 

t3 \i/n bb^ InQ (speedy booty, 

— T T T " - 

hasty spoil) symbolic name of 
one of Isaiah's sons Is.8,1 a. 3. 

n'j'nno (from hm ■, onijpi. n^^nno) 

T — -; — 

f. mockery, jest, delusion Is.30,I0. 
10 {== riD) particle used in com- 
bination with the prepositions 
2 , 5 and 7 to strengthen their 
meanings (ace. Stb. it signifies; 
substance): 1) iD3 in, with, etc. 
{l'N"iD3 in fire Is. 43, 2 (prop, in 
the substance of fire); "'tt'NI 103 
with my head Jb.iC,4.— 2) iD*? to, 
for, etc. ''S'iD^ to, upon my mouth 
Jb.40,4; ilD'i^"? for the sword 
27,14.— 5;"^D?'as, like l^^'iD? 
as a stone Ex.15,5; with sf. '^iD| , 
'DiT.aS (it is to be observed that 
before the light suffixes lB3 is 
changed into ia3); as adv.: a) so, 
thus ia? n^SDN I will speak thus 
Ps.73,15 6;assoon asnSsJinB'n^B? 

as the morning dawn arose Gen. 
19,15. — ^as and ia? occur only 
in poetry. — The particle treated 
under this head should not be 
confounded with ia^ , iD" , the 
poetical suffix for the prosaic plu- 
ral D, as in iaD3 (— DD3) Ex.15, 
10 and 1aK3^ (= DN''3^) v. 17. 
iXlO pf- n. Moab, son of Lot Gen. 


19,37, ancestor of the Moabites 
who lived on the east of the 
Dead Sea and Jordan Deut.1,5; 
2,11; also the land of Moab Num. 
21,13, fully 3KiB f"1^ Deut.1,5 or 
3«ia nni?> R.1,1 etc. (which region 
is now called Kerak); gent. ''3Xla 
Deut.23,4, f. n5.3t|ia or n''3Kia\ 
1,22; 2Chr.24,26; k f. ni'^Kia IK. 

^N13 see h\0. 

N.D1J3 »». in-coming, entrance 2S.3, 
25 {Kri); Bz.43,11 (irregular form 
for ^<i3a, which see; it is used 
merely on account of its corres- 
pondence to NVia). 

y>n (M- J^o; , J '»;) i) to meit, to 

dissolve; fig. to tremble, to faint 
from fear fl« Jian the earth 
melteth away Ps.46,7; J^aS ]mh 
37. that their heart may melt 
(faint) Ez.21,20.— 2) tr. to cause 
to melt away (i. e. to cause to 
faint) ^i'^i^vpiz UJiani and hast 
let vs melt away (faint) because 
of our iniquities Is.64,6. 

Niph. jiaj (pi. ubi : pt. pi. Qijaj) 

1) to melt away, to dissolve, to 
go asunder 1\hxi Jiaj ]1ann the 




multitude melted away (i. e. went 
asunder) and went on 18.1^,16; 
of destruction by water: hyr\'r\ 
i'l^i the palace shall be dissolved 
(1. e. washed away) Nah. 2, 7. — 
2) to tremble, to be afraid or 
dismayed ]Vi3 ''iB'ii h'2 Ubi all 
the inhabitants of Canaan shall 
melt away (.i. e. be dismayed) 

Pi. JJiD ifut. JJ^D^) 1) to cause 
to dissolve, to make soft (of the 
soil) riip^~B ^''y^'}? thou makest 
it soft with showers Ps.65,11. — 
2) to dissolve, to make as nought 
n>B*in ■'X'i^iDi'jl thou makest my 
understanding as nought Jb.30,22 
(Bng. Bible: thou dissolvest my 

Eithp. JJiaiin (fut JJiao^) to 

dissolve, to perish ns?"l3 DtJ'SJ 
JJiDriJI their soul dissolveth be- 
cause of trouble Ps.107,26; fig. to 
quake, to tremble mjJlDipfl nil^^^H 
the hills shall tremble Am.9,13 
(Ges.: the hills shall flow down, 
as if into wine and oil; but comp. 
*7!lX2 same as 1112, which see. 

J^niD , Vp a. yniO (from V 1^) m. 
acquaintance, friend R. 2,1; fig, 
aipn njiaS 3;-iD'! and call under- 
Standing thy friend Pr.7,4. 

nS?1la , J^??,!!^ (= J'T^) f- acquaint- 
ance; concretely: friend, kinsman 
^JflJJiO tys Boaz is our kinsman 

t2^D ipret tDD; fvt. DIIT ; pt IDD; 
inf. DilO) to waver, to totter, to 
move, to fall ''^JT HDO my foot 
wavereth (Kng. Bible: slippeth) 
P8.94,18; nloSOD IDD kingdoms 
move (or fall) Ps.46.7; nij;i|a 
nj''K5lDri the hills shall move away 
Is^54,10;j;^r\J?)'? EO p^-^t a righ- 
teous man falling down berore 
ths wicked Pr.25,26; iT H^OI and 
his hand be fallen, i. e. if he 
become poor Lev.25,35. 

Niph. talDi (fut Dial) l) to totter, 
to slip, to move, to fall -'7| llSiSl 
H-? ■'HOiK) all the foundations of 
the earth are moved Ps. 82, 5; 
iDrS ltiiDr'73 my footsteps slip 

not 17,5; Isisij-'^a i^ajja -15^ he 

said in his heart, I shall not be 
moved 10,2.— 2) to be cast IDlS^ 
D'^tPIJ Dn''7?J let burning coals be 
cast upon them Ps. 140,11 {Etib 

Hiph. con {fut. 10^!?^) to cast upon 
(with "7^) ]?K "''zy IIS"'?;-''? for they 
cast iniquity upon me Ps.55,4; 
140,11 Ktib. 

Sithp. tS^iDrin to be moved, 
shaken {^IN ITDJaiann tOiD the 
earth is moved violently Is.24,19,. 

lalQ (sf- ^n{3b) m. 1) tottering, 
stumbling 1J\'?J1 tsis!? \r\^'^b he 
suffered not our feet to stumble 
Ps.66,9; 121,3.— 2) pole, staff 
£DiM inK|>;i they carried it upon 
a staff ■ Num. 13, 23.— 3) yoke 
ri^'jrD intaD ^2W I win break 
his yoke from off thee Nah.1,13. 




ni2ia (pi- niaiO) f. l) pole, staff 
lChr.15,15.— 2) yoke Jer.28,10, 
more fully h]) DiDD bars of the 
yoke Lev.26,13; hence also: op- 
pression Is.58,9. 

WD (/■-*<■ ^lo; ; P*. n») to De re- 
duced, to become poor tjlfi^"''? 
T]''nN' if thy brother become poor 
Lev.25,25; pt. poor: KH tja'DKI 
TJI'I^D but if he be poorer than 
thy estimation Lev.27,8. 

^ ?,tJ ; i**- iJ- ^^'^) to cut off, to 

circumcise DpSnir lb>3-ni< "^ fi^.l 
and he circumcised the flesh of 
their foreskin Gen. 17,23; -fig. to 
put away the moral impurities, 
considering them as unclean 
growths (H^l^) of the heart: 
05^5^ rh-)^ 'nx Dfl'pai and ye 
shall circumcise the foreskin of 
your heart Deut.10,16; ^•'riSN ^^.SdI 
T]i^'j'-nX and the Lord ihy God 
will circumcise thy heart Deut. 

30,6; nSnr? h'so-hTh-i ^rinpsi and 

I will punish all the circumcised 
of the prepuce (i. e. those whose 
flesh is circumcised, but not^iheir 
hearts) Jer.9,24; pf. p. pi. D''?D 

Niph. Hl2i for htD^ {pi. iSbj ; fut. 
h'\'Q\ , pi. \i:Z) ; imp. a. inf. '7ian) 
to be circumcised n3T"73 DdS 'plan 

TT T VT • 

every male among you shall be 
circumcised Gen.17,10; ISt. Snai 

"^rhy^ -i^Tm hs&rvh ig^x and 

the uncircumcised male whose 
flesh of his foreskin is sot cir- 

cumcised V. 14; .M'in''5 ■'B'^K-':'?) 
ins 6bj and all the men of his 
house... were circumcised with 
him V. 27; 2 pi. ^B%\ v. 11 for 
DOiblDJ ; pt. pi. D''fai Gen.34,22 
for n''':iDJ; iig. I^lpni \^h ^VdH 
D5457 ni'7*l^ circumcise your- 
selves to the Lord, and remove 
the foreskins of your heart Jer. 
4,1. See also under 720 . 

mph. '?'<?n (fut, 'p-'D;) to cut 
off, to destroy; with sf. pi. DTDN 
I will destroy thes: Ps.l 18,10 

h\'a (once ^ia Deut. 1,1, "jSiD .Neh. 
12,38 Ktib; sf. "i^l?) prep. a. adv. 
before, over against, opposite "^ID 
nM'?.5tn before God Ex.18,19; '?ia 
]iBy \i2 over against the chil- 
dren of Ammon Deut.2,19; ,12^ '?ia 
before Japho Jos. 19,46; HTna h\'a 
n/.ria'^X window over against 
window IK.7,5.— United to pre- 
positions; a) 7lBa ower against 
2S.5,23; with sf. "hipo over against 
me Num.22,5. fc/Sia"'?^ before, 
near Bx.34,3; "'iS h^iyb^. toward 
the front Lev.8,9; Niim.8,2. 

m^lD pr. n. a city in the south 


of Judah, afterwards ceded to 
Simeon Jos. 15,26. 
nn^la (from i^^ ■ sf ^n'7'2ia) f. 
birth, nativity, descent Est,2,10; 

pi. sf ij^j^n fii^o ri^mVa thy 

nativity is of the land of Cana- 
an Ez.l6,3j ni^n Di''3 Tjirfnbiai 
TiQ'S and as for thy nativity, in 
the day thou wast born v. 4.- 




hence mb^'O Y'M ^^^ ^'^^^ °^ 
one's birt.h, native country Gen. 
31,13. — 3) family, kindred, race 

Vjrii'jiaDi ^iP.iio r^h-ifi get thee 

out of thy country, and from thy 
kindred Gen.]2,l;Est.8,6.— 3) one 

born {'in ni's^D i« n^a nnSia 

whether born at home, or born 
abroad Lev.18,9.— 4) offspring, 

issue Dri''in« rnSiiTig'K Tjnnipioi 

and thy issue, which thou be- 
gettest after them Qen.48,6. 

nl7^3 (from 710) pi. f. circumcision 
fhW2 D''I?5 1^^ * bridegroom of 
Mood, because of the circumcision 
(i. e. a child allied to God by 
the blood of circumcision) Ex. 

•ji'pTO pr. n. m. lChi'.2,29. 

Q>D (sf. tolD, QOia) m. defect, 
blemish Deut.15,21; Cant.4,7; in 
a moral sense: '^\it HfFi IN ''3 
D1SD tor then shale thou lift up 
thy face free from blemish Jb.ll, 

15; J^2^pS n''?i»i ]'hp^ 'h Pjib f^. id'' 

lO^D he that correcteth a scorner 
getteth to himself shame; and he 
that reproveth a wicked man get- 
teth to himself a blemishPr 9,7 (so 
this verse is usually rendered; it 
seems, however, better to render it 
thus: he that reproveth a scorner 
gettethetc.:sodothhe thatproveth 
to a wicked man his fault) ; V5 nnB> 
■rhbnSI ^p)P. 1lT DDID ViZ »b they 
have dealt corruptly with him, 
they are not his children, it is 
their blemish: they are a per- 

verse and crooked generation 
Deut 32,5 (Vulgate: it is they who 
sinned against him, and not his 
sons, by filthy deeds: that bad 
and perverse generation!). 

pO to form, whence ]'» , HJiajjl . 

iWC '(fro™ 33d) m. circuit, en- 
compassing nj3n 3p1D the en- 
compassing of the house Ez 41,7. 

n^D^a (from 330 : only pi. c. nl3D1t2) 
}. fold of a door niSDID D^.Qtt^ 
rfn^l two folds of doors Ez.41,24 
(prop. pt. Hoph. of 33D, which see). 

Ida (from np;; pi. nilDiD, c. 
•inpiD , ninOiD) m. foundation 
Yi?. ''!IP^13 the foundations of the 
earth Jer.31,37; n^mn DinpiD the 
foundations of heaven 2S.22,8; oi 
the remaining foundations of de- 
stroyed buildings: lininn npii: 
ppipri thou shalt raise up the 
foundations of many generations 

TD1D (c. "IPIO) m. 1) founding, 
"erection ;rn"'3 npia t^firr'iV unto 
the day of the erection of the 
house of the Lord 2Chr.8,16.— 2) 
foundation IBID HWD a founda- 
tion founded, i. e. a sure faunda- 
tion ls.28,16 (nSID is vt. Soph., 
with a Dagesh to distinguish it 
from the preceding word). 

mO^a Cfrom nP_^) TO. 1) foundation, 
only pi. niJ^'jVn nilpia the foun- 
dations of the side chambers Ez. 
41,8 {Kri). — 2) appointment, de- 
cree nnPID ncio the staff of ap- 


pointment, i.e. the staff appointed 
of God Is.30,32. 

ITD^D (from T]5D ; c. t]D10) m. cov- 
ered passage D2Wil T]D1D the cov- 
ered passage for the sabbath 2K. 
16,18 (-ffn, for which Ktib ^0''^). 

IpiD I. (for IDND from 1DX ; pi. 
D'^lpia, c. "inpla and nilDID, c. 
ninpiD) TO. fetter, bond Ps.2,3; 

"IDiD n. pr. n. a station of the 
Israelites in the desert, wit H he. 
niDiD Deut.10,6 and pi. nllDiD 

"ID^a I- (from id;-, c. IDIQ ; sf. 
^"IDIO , TjIDID) TO. I) correction, 
chastisement, punishment 'h^ 
IpID ny4.a ll^jpn withhold not cor- 
rection from the child Pr.23,13; 
IDIO tS.^B* the rod of correction 
22,15; •'W IDID the chastisement 
of the Almighty Jb.5,17.— 3) dis- 
cipline, warning, reproof Ipia 
ya^N ^0?'?? reproof of my shame 
must I hear Jb.20,3; •'O'lSn nmh 
ing'^n'? 1D1I3 t]3V3-nS in vain 
have J smitten your children; 
they received no warning Jer.2, 
20.- 3) instruction nO^n nSJnS 
1D1121 to know wisdom and in- 
struction Pr.1,2; SSB'O "ID10 in- 
struction of intelligence v. 3. 
"ID^O n. (= IDlD from IDN; c. 10113) 
TO. fetter, bond DOS Di?^p 1D1D 
lie looseth the bond of kings Jb. 

iriiS , rJb (from ns;; ; sf. ns?ia ; 

358 mria 

pi. Onyia, c. nyia) m. l) ap- 
pointed time, season, term, festival 
Gen.1,14; 2S.20,5; n;|'3 n-TH nylsi 
nintjin at this appointed time in 
the next year Gen. 17,21; of the 
time of the migration of birds; 

n''ns;iD nvT cntra nT^Dn dji yea. 

TV-; t:t ."t"* T'-; — " . 

the stork in the heaven knoweth 
her appointed times Jer.8,7; M^iO 
!^''. the festivals of the Lord Lev. 
23,2; in later prophetic language: 
a year "-Vn; nns/o 'iV.'Ch after a 
year, years, and a half Dan. 12,7 
(comp. Ch. 111?)- — 2) congrega- 
tion, gathering, meeting, assem- 
bly nSJID boii the tabernacle of 
the congregation Lev. 1,1; n^3 
"'D b^b IJ^ia the place of assembly 
for ail the living Jb.30,23; •'Nip 
1J?iD those called to the assembly 
Num.] 6,2; lyiD in the mountain 
of assembly (the seat of the Ba- 
bylonian gods) Is.14,13; IJJiD Di'' 
day of gathering, i. e. solemn 
day, festival Hos.9,5.— 3) ap- 
pointed place, place of assembly 
IS.20,35; Lam.2,6; 'rX-I^JID ap- 
pointed place of God, i. e. sacred 
place of assembly Ps. 74, 8.— 
4) appointed sign, signal Jos. 

irlD (= 1??ia) TO. place of as- 
sembly Viria? Ilia pN5 and none 
shall be solitary in his places 
of assembly Is.14,31 (Eng. Bible: 
in his appointed times). 

rrirla (from ly;) /■. solemn feast, 



festival; only pi. nilSjia 2Chr. 

nfyiD (from W) f. appointed 

place, refuge, asylum niSJIDn i^y 

the cities of refuge Jos.29,9. 
mr^D see 15JD Pu. 

viv ■^ 

fir^D (from f|1J/) »M. gloom, dark- 
ness n^ pVia I^kS ei^lD K*? ■'5 for 
there shall be no gloom for her 
that was in anguish Is, 8,23 (comp. 
np^lS f]\Vl? V. 22). 

n^riO (from {'SJ; ; only pi. niSWiO , 
sf. Cn''riiS3^iD) f. counsel, device 
Jer.7,'24; Ps.5,11; Pr.1,31, etc. 

ilpViQ (from plj^) f. pressure, bur- 
den Ps.66,11. 

Tfi^O IK.10,18 see ttB Soph, (ace. 
some: tSINK) , see tSIK). 

nSlD (from n|;;pi. D^Of^tt a. D^0?*3, 
c. ''riEiD) w. wonder, miracle Ex. 
7,9; jo.3,3.— 2) sign, token Is. 
20,3; 2Chr.32,24.— 3) example 
nsiobl nixb for a sign and for 
an example Deut.28,46; DH^ n^^H] 
riSiO'^ and thou shalt be an ex- 
ample unto them Bz.24,27i ^^«. 
DDnSiD I am your example Ez. 
12, ii.— 4) distinction n.fiiD ''^iii 
men of distinction, distinguished 
men Zch.3,8. 

Y'!\t2 to press out, only pt. fO op- 
pressor Is.16,4. 

P'a, usually f6 (from flfi) w- 
chaff jn'JlD IVb: f»|) as the chaff 
that is driven with the whirl- 
wind out of the floor Hos.13,3; 


nn-V.sS ffo? as chaff before the 
wind Ps.35,5. 
K^la (from t^V; sf. Tl>?ViD , 1«^lD; 

"pi. c. iNVio , sf. TiNViD , Dn;N^ia) 

m. 1) going out, going forth 2S. 
3,25; Num.33,2; hSu ■'NViDI as 
the going forth into exile Ez. 
12,4j of the rising of the sun: 
iXViD D^Df n nVjpa Ms going forth 
(rising) is from the end of the 
heaven Ps.19,7; of plants: spring- 
ing forth, growth Nfl N^b H^DVO^^ 
and to cause the growth of the 
tender grass Jb. 38,27; of goods 
brought from another place: XViD^ 

D^isst? ri»'?E''? "ia;'x n^pffir and 

the horses which vSolomon had 
were brought (exported) from 
Egypt IK.10,28.— 2) that which 
proceeds or goes forth, hence 
ntnSB> «^iD that which proceedeth 
from 'the lips Num.30,13; Hg NViO 
that which proceedeth from the 
mouth Deut.8,3. — 5) place of go- 
ing forth VS'ito IWiD its places 
of going out and coming in Ez. 
43,1 1; of a place whence water 
springs forth: D''D KXiD fountain 
of waters, spring-head Is. 41, 18; 
of a place where silver is found: 
t]pD NXiD a source (vein or mine) of 
silver Jb.28,1; of the place where 
the sun rises or sets: 'Ip.^ ''N'ViO 
]''i'iri itl.^l the outgoings of the 
morning and of the evening (i- e. 
the east and the west) thou makest 
to rejoice Ps,65,9; hence NViSlJ 
JlSJffiD^ from the east ' ind from 




4) pir, n. m. 

the west 75,7. 
nSltla (from NX;; jpL nlNViD) f. 

1) prop, going forth, hence: origin, 
descent xhSV ^P"'!? QHilP VniNViS 
his origin is from former times, 
from days of oldMic.l,5.—2jsewer, 
ffater-closet (comp. HXV) 2K.10, 
27 (Z«, for which Ktih has nX^HD). 

p^1J3 I- (from pr) m. j; a casting 
in^ P?1I3 one casting IK.7,37.— 

2) solid mass ^'y?~\iS\ '??<"n&?'4!? 
pVIDI D^a ::n'-ll by the breath of 
God ice is given, and the broad 
waters become a solid mass Jb.37, 
10; pViaS -m DjJ.'S? when the dust 
thickens into a solid mass 38,38. 

p^lD 11-, pV» (from pIS) to. strait- 
ness, distress nftiS ^\t> nS ''3 
7\? pV^O there shall be no gloom 
to her that was in distress Is. 

8,23; -)h aoi nr''BD Tjn^Dn f^\ 

n'lrinr! pVID he would even have 

incited thee away out of distress 

into a broad place, where there 

is no straitness Jb.36,16. 
np^iO tfrom pr; yl. nipVID) f. 

tube, pipe (of the candelabrum, 

for the oil) Zch.4,2. 
PP^',S2 (from pr) f. a casting 

(Stb.: casting mould) inpvpi D''pV! 

oast in its casting 2Chr.4,3. 
0^10 in Ar. to be light, foolish 

(KaX not used). 
Sigh. p"'Dn (fvi. piaj) prop, to 

make light of, .hence: to mock, 

to scoff pi?*!? I^l? liaTI ip'-KPthey 

mock, and in wickedness utter 
oppression Ps.78,8. 
TpIO (from T ^^> to. 1) burning, 
conflagration; ^Z. c. D7ly ''HpiD 
everlasting burnings Is.33,14. — 
2) firebrand nm np:»| ''niDV?;! 
and my bones are burned as a 
firebrand Ps. 102,4 (Eng. Bible: as 
an hearth). 

rriplD (from n is;) /•. hearth Lev. 

tJ*p10 (from ti* i?; ; 'pl. D'^B'p.iD , c. 
•"typiO, also nitspia) to. snare, 
noose (for beasts and birds) ]^1313^ 
D''^'plD to lay snares privily Ps. 

64,6;" ^fif. ti'pia'? ^jS nr. njn; ■'nany 

how long shall this man be a 
snare unto us (i. e. threaten us 
with ruin) Ex.10,7; »h D"iB*piD n''^ 
to lay snares for one, i. e. to 
plot against him Ps.140,6; fllB'pb 
\ X^ ^i?5?.iB the snares (i. e. plots) 
of the workers of iniquity 141,9; 
nia ''l?(?iD the snarss (i. e. fata] 
dangers) of death Ps.18,6. 

TtS3 see ID. 

"nilO (akin to IDJ.5 ace. Stb. •grei. ID) 
to change, to alter ''^-"la Di'^B'S 
"la ace. Stb.; he hath turned my 
grief into consolation Is. 38, 17 
(Eng. Bible: for peace I had great 
bitterness, taking *ia as a noun). 
Nvph. laj (^ laj) to be changed 
laj Vh ini"1.5 and his scent is not 
changed Jer.48,11. 

mph. -m\ (fut. iiip; ; mf. iian) 

1) to change into, with 3 : DlilS, 




"|ia« ]'hp2 I will change their 
glory into shame Hos. 4, 7. — 2) 
tntr. to change, to alter oneself 
"■Xi^ikhx np^ y2:?*j he that swear- 
eth to his own hurt, and changeth 
not Ps.15,4. — 3) to be transformed 
fl^ 1'''?5| though the earth be 
transformed Ps.46,3 (Eng. Bible: 
be removed). 

K11D (from «i;; sf. ''«nia , D9s:!ii2 ; 
pi. D''8<5^D) m. 1) fear, reverence 
Gen.9,2; Is.8,12; DD^ X'jiO V. nni?^ 
put, Lord, fear over them Ps. 
9,21 {Km niiO); "iNlia n*K where 
is the fear of me? (or: reverence 
towards me) Mai. 1,6; also object 
of fear or reverence: DDNI^O ^^H 
he is your fear (i. e. he is the one 
to be reverenced by you) Is.8, 
i3.— 2) terror, fearful deed, mir- 
acle biTJ N'T.laDI and by great 
terror Deut.26,8;' D'''?!!^ n"'N'lto 
by great terrors (or miracles) 4,34. 

ailD ipl- D''^10 and QiJniD) m. 
threshing-sledge 28.24,22; IChr. 
21,23; fnn Jlia a sharp thresh- 
ing-sledge Is.4l,15. 

TllD (from 151 J c. ni^D) to. 1) de- 
scent, declivity, slope Jos, 10,11", 
Jer.48,5.— 2) festoon Tlia nC?S?15 
hanging work, festoons lK.7,29. 

»1"l1X3 (from H^D) to. razor ■«'? n";ia 
iB*X*l"bS7 n^yi no razor shall come 
on his head Jud.13,5. 

rrilD I- (from HT I.; pi. nni») to. 
i) shooter, archer lS.31,3.— 5) 
early rain Jo.2,23 (= ^"P)- 

rr\p 11. (from nn; II.; s,".!)?. ^'p, 

Tl''|^.iD) TO. teacher, guide Is.9,14; 

30,20; Pr 5,13. 
(TllO ni. (from T1D) aij. bitter "ijy 

it(p niD '7K'ia>^ the affliction of 

Israel, which was very bitter 

nilO IV. pr. n. Moreh nniD |i'?« or 

fl'jiD \r'?N the oaks of Moreh Gen. 

12,6; Deut.11,30; iTjISn-nJJJJ. the 

hill of Moreh in the valley o^" 

Jezreel Jud.7,1. 
tDlla Is.] 8,2 a. 7 for tDID!?, from 

DID , which see. 

nnia see npb . 

{^**l10 (from t^"^^ ; c. B>niD; pJ. e. 
''C^'T.iD , «/". Dn''!l''niD) w. possession 
Is.14,23; Ob'.i7; fig. "'3^^ ^^liD 
the possessions of my heart (i. e. 
my purposes) Jb.l7,ll. 

ntJ'lla (from E'V) /". possession 

njl nJJ''^1D pr. «. a city near Bleu- 

theropolis, the birth - place of 

Micah the prophet Mic.1,14; gent. 

■'nti'liD Mic.1,1; Jer.26,18. 

Q'^Q I- (.pret. m ; fut ^^D^) 1) to 
remove, to depart ^^.j^P 12'D"N7 
il.J.n^D they departed not out of 
the camp Num. 14,44; WT\ NJ'Sx 
n.tD depart not hence Jud. 6, 18; 
aiso of things: HJiSV inn ivq E*D1 
and half of the mountain shall 
remove toward the north Zch.14, 

4; Ti"aD njn nninn -igc b*id;-k'? 

this book of the law shall not 




depart out of thy mouth Jos.1,8; 

the nail that is fastened in the 
sure place shall be removed Is. 

Hiph. tr'^an (fit*. tr'>a;) l) to re- 
move Q3N"5nN5S nfp^^^^pn ah 

from which ye shall not remove 
your necks Mic.2,3. — 2) to cease 
fj^tO t2>^D'' N7 the preying never 
ceaseth Vah.3,8; nwp tr"iO; «"? 
^"Ig and he doth not cease from 
yielding fruit Jer.17,8.— 3) to 
depart "jriNn ?l1nD tt>''9; n"? he 
departed not out of the tabernacle 

to touch, to feel ^^^i^l «rn^^ 
come near, I pray, that I may 
feel thee Gen.27,21. 

Hoph. '^lOn (fut. tS>iD;i 1} to 
let touch, feel ^Jty^Oq let me 
feel Jud. 16,26 {Kri).— 2) intr. to 
touch, to feel ]^t''D1 t(h) Dqn: 
they have hands, but they touch 
not Ps.115,7. 
2^"iQ (from 2^^; c. aB>ia, sf. iaE*iO; 

])i. D''3a*io , c. nbB'iD a. n"i5B*iD , 

c. iJB'iD) m. i; seat IS.20,25.— 
2) sitting, session Ps.1,1.— 3) 
dwelling-place, habitation Lev. 
13,46; iE'iD-n''5 a dwelling-house 
Lev.25,29; JE^iD T'l? a city of 
dwelling, i. e. to dwell in Ps. 
107,4.— 4) site, situation aU'ia 
JitD 1''S?n the site of the city is 
good 2K.2,19.— 5) time of abode, 
stay, sojourning Ex.12,40. — 6) 

concretely: dwellers of a place, 
inmates «i''5f-n''3 a»iD bb) and 
all the inmates of Ziba's house 
(i. e. his household) 28.9,12. 
i5J*!|a pr. n. m. Ex.6,19. 

niB/'lD (from tjE^D; only pi. c. 
ni3E>iD) f. band, fetter ni3?*iD IK 
nrisri '^''pa or [canst thou] loose 
the bands of Orion ? Jb.38,3I. 

nri^'IO (from j;2>;) /■. only pi. 
n(v?'iO salvation Ps.68,21. 

n^e c^e*. na, /■. nna, 2 nna, 
1 ■'no , 3 pi. inp. , 1 pi. ^:np ; fut. 
mo;' a. no; , op. no;,- pt. na , 

pZ. D''0?3 , /"• i^5!? ; ^^wp. no ; inf. 
nia, wa, with h : n^h] to die 
Jb. 14,14; with 3 of the instrument 
or cause: ^y^S Hian X7 thou 
shalt not die by the sword Jer. 
34,4; Nap niB« shall I die of 
thirst Jud.15,18; also with V.?? 
of cause: arnn VSB ...najland he 
is like to die for hunger Jer.38,9; 
fig. of a plant: 'iVU nia; 19.^51 
and [though] its stock die (i. e. 
decay, wither) in the ground Jb. 
14,8; of WHste land: ...maj HS^ 
Unans DJ 1jnjN~D| wherefore' 
shall we die, both we and our 
land ? (i. e. wherefore shall wo^ 
starve and our land lie waste ?) 
Gen.47,19; of the fall of a nation 
Am.2,2; in the sense of disappear- 
ance: napn man D^as? wisdom 

will die (i. e. die out, disappear) 
with you Jb.12,2.- Pt. na dying 
Gen.48,21; one about to die 20,3j 



one dead Jud.3,25-, a dead beast 
Ex.21.34; a dead person without 
distinction of gender Deut.25,5; 
Gen.23,4; pt. pi. CJlD the dead 
Ps.115,17; c. ■'np Ps.U3,3 a. Lam. 
3,6; fig. of idols: n^r^'Q ''n^t sacri- 
fices of the dead, i. e. sacrifices 
offered to idols Ps,106,28.— Inf. 
rtD before the finite verb ex- 
presses positiveness; WDJ. niD he 
shall surely die Gen. 2,17, etc.; 
with fut. Hoph. ri'aV niD he shall 
surely be put to death Bx.21,l2; 
inf. with 7 (n^Dp is joined to 
other verbs to give greater force 
to their meanings, as: Wfiv nSn 
to be sick unto death (i. e. fatal- 
ly) 2K.20,1; niD7 it^eJ "iVpni and 
his soul became impatient unto 
death (i. e. extremely) Jud.16,16. 

Pi. nniD (1 ''npin ; fut. noio! ; 

pt. nniDfi ; inf njnlQ) to kill, to 
slay 2S.i,l6; Jer.20,17; 1S.14,13; 
imp. with sf. ''JpniD 2S.1,9. 

Hiph. jTipn (1 ■'njsn , sf n'ripq , 
2 pi. DfjDn ; fut. fi'ip; , op. n B,; ; 

i ^t. ri^DD ; imp. with sf. '•Jp/Dn ; 
s inf. non , n^DH) l) to cause to 
I die, to put to death, to kill, to 
slay Deut.32,39; Jud.16,30; 2S.3, 
30. — 2) to annihilate, to destroy 
28.20,19; Is. 14,30; O^r^np 
destroyers, angels of death Jb. 

Hoph. noin {fut. nnr ; pt. td^d) 

to be put to death Num.35,16; 
ri'lD (ancient form nniD Ps.117,15; 

36Ji n3T8; 

c. niD, af. '•oiia, ^n^i2, Qijio) «*. 

death Deut.30,19) Al? \'3I deadly 
weapons Ps.7,14) ri.jan ]tt*^ to sleep 
the sleep of death Ps.13,4; Nipn 
niJ3 sin worthy of death (capital 
crime) Deut.22,26; more fully Ntsn 
flip asB>D sin worthy of a sen- 
tence of death 19,6; fl.l^ 15 or 
nip E*''^ one condemnd to death 
IS.20,31; lK.2,26;poe«. of the grave: 
nj? ^ny^ the gates of death Ps. 
9,14; rilD ^IID the chambers of 
death Pr.7,27; flia-^N no death, 
immortality Pr.l2,28; pi. c. i^.iD 
deaths Ez.28,10, sf VnlD his death 
Is.53,9.— DniaS Ps.73,4 ace. some 

= laS and nn' (iaS niapn ps 

D7IK N^iai DP) there are no pangs 
for them, their strength is per- 
fect and firm).— 2) deadly dis- 
ease, plague rilD V.IQ killed by 
a deadly disease Jer.18,21 (Eng. 
Bible: put to death); niD IbS the 

first child of death, i. e. the dead- 
liest disease Jb. 18,13; of poisonous 
herbs: T'M JI.JD there Is death 
(i. e. poison) in the pot 2E.4,40. 

n^lD »»• death (see niD-"???)! |3S niD 
a musical instrument Ps.9,1. 

nip Ch. m. death Bzr.7,26. 

IlilQ (from iriM m. 1) abundancB, 

plenteousness -r\^ fnn rfaE'llO 
nniD'? the thoughts of the dili- 
gent tend only to plenteousness 
Pr.21,5- — 8) excellence, preemin- 
ence ]:« nDnan-]!? Dnsn iQiai 

the preeminence of man above 
the beast is nought Ec.3,19. 
nsTS (from nai ; c. n3tD , sf •'ri^.tl? , 




^D.3|I? ; pi. ninap) m. altar n3Ta 
^. the altar of the Lord Lev.17,6; 
n|ij?n natD the altar of burnt- 
offering Ex.30,28, or nB*njn nata 

the brazen altar Ex. 39,39, which 
stood in the vestibule of the 
temple; iTlbipH n3tD the altar of 
incense Ex. 30,^7, or inp Pia'D 
the golden altar 39,38, in the 
outer sanctuary of the temple; 
also of idolatrous altars 2K.21,3. 
y^Q to mix, to mingle (wine), 

whence the word below. 
JTp rn. mixed wine, spiced wine 

(Eng. Bible: liquor) Cant.7,3. 
ilfD to consume, to exhaust, whence 

the next word. 
riTii adj- consumed, exhausted; only 
pi. c. iVT VP consumed with 
hunger Deut.32,24. 
riTJp P^- w- »»• Gen.36,13- 
niTO (from nit) garner; only^i. sf. 
'ir'?« 111? QifJiBt: QiN^p ^:\)y2 may 
our garners be full, affording 
every sort of store Ps. 144,13. 
HTITp (from ni 1; e. nntlS ; pi. 
nititp) f. door-post Deut.6,9; Pt. 
8,34; 'Ez.46,2. . 

]1TD (from ]m m. food Gen.45,23 

also Ch. Dan.4,9. 
IITD I. (from ITT II.) m. binding 
up of a wound, bandage; fig. of 
the remedies for the wounds of 
a state: lifaS ^irT |T ]"!« there 
is none to plead thy cause, to 
bind thee up Jer.30,13; lifD nnj 

to remove the bandage, i. e. to 
heal Hos.5,13; by metonymy: a 

wound nninn. i■'S^-n^J onsN n'TI 

ilitDTX when Ephraim saw his 
sickness, and Judah his wound ib. 

"llTJS II- »»*• net, snare (from Hit to 
spread; comp. Pr.1,17) Tjan? [''a'JK] 
TJi^OD lif? ia''i?'^ [they that eat] 
thy bread have laid a snare under 
thee Ob.7. 

HTp (etymology obscure) m. girdle 
Ps. 109,19; ^fif. a bridle of dominion 
Is.23,10 (Eng. Bible: strength). 

nnO (= nta ; c. mp) m, girdle, 
fig. strength HST D^p"'S« nVDI and 
he weakeneth the strength of the 
mighty Jb.12,21. 

T'STD pi- of 13] mpti., which see. 

7T0 (from 'jf^ to go, to wander) f. 

only pi. rii7|.0 wandering stars, 

planets 2K.23,5. See also niltD . 
J^TO (from j'?t) m. fork, flesh-hook 

is.2,14; D.iJB'n tJ^ba^ J.'ptO a fork 

of three teeth v. 13. 

nj^TP (= t>M f. fork, only pi 

nWrO Ex.27,3. 

nSTp (from cat; c. nsti?; pZ. niajp) 
/■. i; thought rniarp-Sa Q\'i^K ]>« 

there is no God ! such are all his 
thoughts.— 2) purpose 1V|''.-N'73 
nsflp Tipa no purpose is with- 
holden from thee Jb. 42,2; ly 
l^b niari?!>y until he have 
executed... the purptraes of his 
heart Jer.23,20.— 3) machination, 
evil purpose or device T\^V B'''K 




fliBia a man who executeth evil 
devices Ps.37,7; ngtoS TJIID'' *1^K 
■who call thee for an evil pur- 
pose P8.139,20 (Bng. Bible: they 
speak against thee wickedly). 

^iDTp (from IDt. II.) m. song, poem, 
psalm Ps.3,1; 5,1, etc. (it is dif- 
ferent from '\'^p , wherefore they 
both occur in conjunction ^ifitD 
Tp a psalm and song Ps.30,1, or 
inverted liDtD TiE* 48,1). 

mpTtt (from lOr. I.; only ^J?. ninsp 
f. pruning-hookIs.2,4;s/'. D3^0."l?!9 

rOJPlQ (from IDT 1.) f. only pi. 
rilSr? snuffers, forceps (for lamps) 
22.7,50; Jer.52,18. 
I irtp (froin "lin) m. littleness, few- 
Mss l^tD 2>iJ« INB'JI and few 
men are left Is.24,6; "irii? tSS?^ 
a very little (of time) Is. 10,25. 

1TX2 to be corrupt, foul, whence 

•^TH (= Sp f. only p?- fli'l'D the 
constellations of the Zodiac Jb. 

rriTp (from n'lV) m. winnowing 
shovel Jer.15,7. 

n^Tp see Dntp. 

niTO (from n^lt; c. n^JI?) m. sun- 
t: • 

rise, the east Ps. 107,3; more fully 
^W. fTITO the rising of the suij 
Deut.4,47; jmiD nijl?^ on the 
east sida of Jordan lChr.6,63; 
with n loc. nnija eastward Ex. 

27,13, c. tl>19^ nnnjD toward the 
sun-rising (eastward) Deut.4,41. 

D'''1TD »»• pi- northern winds or 
constellations (= nillD), the njortK 
Jb.37,9 (Vulgate: Arcturus). 

J?1Tp (from :;n;; c. J^IJI?) m. sown 
field Is.19,7. 

pITp (from pnt; jpZ. D^i^nja and 
nip^JD , c. '' m. sprinkling 
vessel, bowl Num.7,13; Zch.14,20; 
Bx.38,3i a wine-bowl Am.6,6. 

no m. failing D^nO ni'?V burnt 

sacriiioes of fallings Ps. 66, 15; 
fig. rich, wealthy nn| D^np niiin 
I'^DN^ the ruins of the fallings 
(i. 6. of the wealthy) shall stran- 
gers eat l3.5,17. 

nC (fromnnO) m. marrow Jb. 22,24. 
- I 

HnD {.M- ><nD"' ; inf. sf. TlK.nD) to 

strike, to clap P|D NQD to clap 

the hands (for joy) Is.55,12; Ps, 

98,8; "i; ^jXriD ]?;2 because thou 

hast clapped thy hands Bz.25,6. 

J^nO Ch. to strike, to smite Dan. 

T ; 

2,34 (cut N'n? Dan.5,19 is pt. Aph. 
from n^n , which see). 

Pa. Knp to strike, with HI? 
upon one's hand, i. e. to restrain 

ithp. Knianw (fut. Nnpn^) to be 

fastened (with hv) "Ip'^N nwn; 
''rf>-S. «npo: T'ijp nO'ia let timber 
be pulled down from his house, 
and being set up, let him bo 
fastened (hanged) thereon Ezr. 




J<3riD (from Kin) m. hiding-place 
DIVKin^ a hiding-place from the 
wind Is.32,2. 

^iHD (.= ^'Sni?) w. hiding-place, 
den; only pi. D'^WnD IS.23,23. 

ni^no (from lin ; sf. imana) f. 

juncture, seam iT'^g'n iT13nS3 in 
the second juncture Ex.26,4; ilSV? 
ifl'nariO over against its juncture 
(close by its seam) 28,27. 

fTiarip (from lan i only pi. nii^intt) 
f. -Z^connecting beam 2Chr.34,ll. — 
2) cramp, hooks (for joining) 

n^O? (from Din) f. pan, frying- 
pan Lev.2,5. 

fT?.Jn^ ^^^^^ "'^5^ f- girding, girdle 

nnO I. (akin to HPID ; fut. nna^. ; 
pt. nnD ; imp. HnD ; inf. iTHD , 
riinj?) 1) to touch on, to adjoin 

(with h'j) ni|.3-D; f\r}T^v nnpi 

and it shall touch upon the coast 
of the sea of Chinnereth Num.34, 
11.— 2) to wipe off Is.25.-8 (tears); 
Pr.30,20 (the mouth); 2K.21,13 (a 
dish).— 3) to blot out Tl^ 5031 
D'>1BT iD-'?N nnDI "ISD3 ..'.ri^XH 

•T - •• V T T V"- TT 

and he shall write the curses ... 
in a book, and he shall blot them 
out with the bitter water Num. 
5,23; '•'I^B'Q lig^K I will blot him 
out of iny book Bx.32,33; fig. to 
efface from the memory, to for- 
get nifi ch^vh ri'ipD ddb* thou 

hast effaced their name for ever 
and ever Ps.9,6; ''rB*S nn» blot 

out (forget) my sins 51,3. — 3) to 
wipe or blot out of existence, to 
destroy Dip!n-'/3"n.^ ''OV^^ and 
I will blot out (destroy) every 
living substance Gen.7,4; ^'^''0$^ 

nn^^n-n« nnpi-T^'Ka D^E>ni-ns 

.TJS-^y nE'^inn? i will wipe '(de- 
stroy) Jerusalem as one wipeth 
a dish, wiping it and turning it 
upside down 2K.21,13. 

Niph. nnDJ (fut. nm) , ap. m)) 

1) to be blotted out, effaced, de- 
stroyed DS'^'yO inDJI and your 
works may be blotted out Bz.6,6; 
DDt* ns^ let their name be blotted 

out' Ps.109,13; najj-bx \m nNEnj 

and let not the sin of his mother 
be blotted out (forgotten) v. 14; 
D1p^n'73"ng na;i and every living 
substanbe was destroyed Gen.7,23. 
Siph, nnan {fut. ap. ngfl, for 
which Jer.l'8,23 ''ripri ; inf. with 

7 : ninoS for riinon'^) i) to wipe 

out, to blot out ''IDn nDPi"'?^ wipe 
not out (forget not) my good 
deeds Neh.13,14.— 2) to destroy 
\'^iyq rmtl TI'-DII^ nor [give] thy 
ways to that which destroyeth 
kings (1. e. to adultery) Pr.31,3. 

TT\t2 II. (= nnO) tc be marrowy 
(Kal not used). 

Pm. nni? only pt. pi. Q^iW 
D^npip fat things full of marrow 
Is.25,6 (= □■'npp). 

nj^np (from Jin) f. compasses Is. 

TlHD (from tfn ; c. tini?) m. prop, 
border, coast,hence; haven, harbor 




DV^O tint? the haven of their de- 
sire Ps. 107,30. 

TN'^iriD a. 7S''>inD pr.n. a descend- 
ant of Cain Gen.4,18. 

d'^'inO (for "tllS) gent, of an un- 
known place lChr.11,46. 

^in» (from Sin ; c. bin^) m, 1) 
dance, dancing CiJC!^!? hSV!Q the 
dances of those that make merry 
Jer.31,B.— 2) pr. n. m. IK.5,11. 

n^inp, n^np (=SinD; pi nVn!?) 

f. uance Bx.15,20; QJinSD flVn? 

the dance of a double company 

^n^lnp gent of nSini? '75K , see 

under SsK. 
riTHD (from n^n ; c. njnO') w. vision, 

apparition Num.24,4; Ez.13,7. 
Tl'^nQ (from ntn) m. a place to see 

through, a window IK.7,4. 
fllK^HD J»-- w. m. lChr.25,4. 
nnj3 to make soft, marrowy, fat, 

whenec O'ti a. Op. 
•^np (from np5 i) w. stroke, blow 

iip ""np blow of the battering- 
ram Ez!26,9. 
{^TTiO pr. n. m. Ezr.2,52. 

(T'nD (from n^n) f. 1) preservation 
of life Gen.45,5; hence: means of 
life, sustenance Jud.6,4.— 2) raw 
spot, the quick ""D 1f| niDDI 
n.N^I and if there be a spot of 
raw flesh in the swelling Lev. 

TK^'HO see hViWa. 

Tna (from ina D m. 1) price, 
value nt. ^^l^i^ t]?! the money, the 
value of this IK.21,2; HTIll? f\p.^, 
the silver for the price thereof 
Jb.28,15; pl.sf. Qq''l"'ni?3 piJ3T«''l 
and hast not increased [thy 
wealth] by their price Ps.44,13.— 
5) wages, hire ini'' "T'D?? n\;ri3 
her priests teach for hire Mic. 
3,11; *1^D1?5 ^^ without pay, gra- 
tuitously ls.45,13. — 3) pr. n. m. 

n^nO (from nSn) m. sickness, dis- 
ease Pr.18,14. 

nbnO f- sickness, disease Ex.15,26. 

T -; — 

n^HD pr- w. f. of two persons Num. 
26,33; lChr.7,18. 

nVno see nSini?. 

ilyt^iQ (from bSn) f. hole, cave; 

only pi. "isy ni?!!)? the eaves of 

the earth Is.2,19. 
117110 i""- w. the first husband of 

Ruth R.1,2. 
'hUD 2""- w. m. of two persons Ex. 

6,19; lChr.23,23. 
^^triD (from nSn) m, disease, only 

pi. n"i:'?qD 2Chr.24,25, 
fl'^np (from t]^n ; comp. Rabb. ffxi) 

m. knife, only pi. D^S7QD Bzr.1,9. 
na^HD (from ffiri; pL nlsSQa, c 

niS^D^) /"• braid, plait of hair 

n'ShriD (from {'bn II.; only jjI, 

niS^nD) /". festive garment Is. 

3,22; Zch.3,4. 




ilthtiD (from p^D) Ch. f. division, 

Its : - * 

Class Ezr.6,18. 

np.^np isf. lni^'?n.D ; pi nip^DD) f. 

1) division, class, course (of serv- 
ants of the state) lChr.27,1 a. 2.— 

2) in the j)r. n. n'p'?gsn yj^Q (the 
rock of divisions), a place in the 
wilderness of Maon IS. 23,28. 

ri'mSJ f- name of a musical instru- 
ment Ps.53,1 a. 88,1 (Puerst: a 
musical choir that dwelt in 73X 

n7np ; comp. ri^ri^), 

n'^nOi"'. n. 1) daughter of Ishmael, 

— ; T 

Wife of Esau Gen,28,9.— 2) wife 
of king Rehoboam 2Chr.ll,18. 

''riynp gent, of n^ina b^^^ , which 
see under 72^ , 

nsano (from mn-, onij pi.n'n^mp) 

T T -; - ^ ■ 

f. prop, something smooth as 
butter, hence; smooth words, flat- 
tery VB ni«anD ipSn the flat- 
teries of his mouth are smooth 
Ps.55,22 (other interpreters: his 
mouth is smoother than butter, 
taking here the for \0). 

IDriD (from nan; c. iw^-, pi. 
D^nanD , c. nana , sf. n"'nana) m. 

1) desire, delight ?j\J''?; nana the 
desire of thine eyes IK. 20,6; 
n|t?a "inana the delights of their 
( womb (i. e. their dearest off- 
spring) Hos.9,16. — 2) pleasant 
thing, something precious, costly 
Jo.4,5; Lam.1,11; n'''5ana 'h'S her 
costly vessels 2Chr.3'6,19.— 3) 
loveliness D^ana '7| he is al- 
together lovely Cant'5,16. 

*lJ3nD (= lana) m. something 
pleasant, precious; only pi. sf, 
iT'iana her pleasant things Lam. 

1,7.' "■ ' 

^ero (from "jan; c. Saipa) m. 

prop, object of pity or.;syinpa,thy, 
hence: dfesire, delight D3M1 vana 
the delight of your soul Ez.24,21. 

n^SipnO (from f*ar!) f. something 
leavened Bx.12,19. 

njnacfromnjg: c. njn.ia, sf \r\mp; 
'pi. n''jna Num.i3,i9, sf Tj^ , 

D5\jna , Dn^pna ; more frequently 
pi. rfjnafdM.'D.IJna Cant.7,l) m. 
if only Gen.32,9'a. Deut.23,10) 

1) camp, encampment Deut.29,10; 
Jos.6,11; Bx.16,13; Num.13,19.— 

2) host, troop of warriors Deut 
23,10; Bz. 1,24; of non-warriors 
Gen. 50,9; poet, of locusts Jo.2,1' 
hence also a company, a rov. 

Gen.32,8; DJinan nSinas as the 

dance of a double row Cant.7,1. 
p~njriO i""- «• a place near finj5 
D'^'ir;' in Judah Jud.13,25. 

D''3nD P^- «■ a city on the confines 
of Gad and Manasseh 2S.2,8. 

PID^ (from pjg; c. pT^) m. a 
strangling, death Jb.7,15. 

npno, nciga (fromnon; c. noga, 

sf. ^pna) TO. protection, shelter, 
refuge D^ia HDna a protection 
from the storm "is. 25, 4; D^^p 
n^j^pb ngna the rocks are a 
refuge for the rabbits Ps.104,18; 
fig. of God Jo.4,16; Ps.14,6. 

aiono 365* 

DlCn^ (from DDH) m. bridle, muzzle; 
fig' Dtoqn i?"? n^l^p^ I wUl guard 
my mouth with a muzzle (i. e. 
I will refrain from speaking) Ps. 

"lI'DriD, "ibci» (from IDH) m. de- 
flcienoy, want, need, poverty ]''« 
li'T'73 I'DtnO there is no want 
of any thing Jud.l9,l9; T]iDna-'7| 
yW let all thy wants lie upon 
me V. 20; ^licntt ■'T sufficient for 
his need Deut.15,18; "liona U*^^ 
nni?li> anx he that loveth plea- 
sure will be a man of want (i. e. 
a poor man) Pr.21,17. 

(T'DnO pr. n. m. Jer.32,12. 

ytlD (M f>nip;; imp. YW) prop, 
to split or divide (akin to nvn , 
f^p), hence; J^ to pierce, to crush, 

to wound tnsn nsSm nvno she 

pierced and struck through his 
temples Jud.5,26i ti^NI Y^^) ^''^^^, 
■"'S^.K God shall wound the head 
of his enemies Ps.68,22.— 2) to 
dip, to shake rf??"! fO?^ Ti^) 
012 that thou mayest dip thy 
foot in blood Ps.68,24; with omis- 
sion of DT- fni?: Vm and he 
shall shake his arrows [in their 
blood] Num.24,8 (Bng. Bible; and 
pierce them through with his 

YDD »«• bruise, cut, wound fDS 
KSTi inSD he healeth the bruise 
of their wound Is.30,26. 

rrSna (from n^n) f. the half Ni r" 


iT'Sna , n¥n» (from nsn ; sf. in'vqo, 

nn^no, Dp^VD.O) f. 1) the half 

li:x.30,13.— 2) the middle Neh.8,3. 
pnO (= f^^^ *■" pierce, to cut 

through Jud.5,26. 
IpriD (from liin) w. prop, object 

of searching, hence: inmost depth; 

only pi. c. flK ''tip"? the inmost 

depths (Eng. Bible: deep places) 

of the earth Ps.95,4. 
inj3 1) to exchange, to barter, 

whence Tfl!? .— 2) ace. Stb. to 

be changed, renewed, whence tho 

next word. 
'^ntt »»• a. adv. 1) the next morn- 

T T 

ing, the morrow, to-morrow 'IpD 
tl"jn to-morrow is the new-moon 
IS.20,18; more fully IpD Dl"' Pr. 
27,1.— 2) to-morrow Jud.20,28; 
"inO rij?! to-morrow about this 
time.lK.19,ii; more fully n?J| IPD 

nxTrt jts.11,6'; n''i?'ri?>n -inn r\v\ 

about this time io-morrow or of 
the third day lU. 20,12.— 3) in 
time to come, hereafter Gen.30,33; 
nXinO (from Knn) f. privy, sink, 

T T-; - 

a place of refuse; only ^J.niK^nD 
2K. 10,27 {Ktib, for which Kri has 

na'nno (from^in; sf. ^n^iaa; 

j)Z. riitS*'ina) f. mattock, spade 
(different from n^pnft, with 
which this word occurs in the 
same verse) 1S.]3,20 a. 21. 
ntJ^iriO {sf. in^nqn) f. ploughshare 
IS. 13,20. 





mnO (= "IDS ; c. nnn:; ; adverbial 
sf. nri^niS) /; a. okJu. the next day, 

to-morr()w ninisS ID^D rii'?i?3 

when the morning rose the next 
day Jon.4,75 more fully r^nsn Di' 
the next day Num.11,32; tryQ&O 
naS'n on the morrow after the 
sabbath Lev. 23, 11; aiyn-TJJ 
DriinD7 unto the evening of the 
next day lS.30,17 (DpinD is an 
adverb, the sf, D being adverbial 

as in nai'' , Dp^n). 

T\yST\0 a. n3?fna (from iE>n ; ■pi. 

niia^na , c. nia^iitt) f. i) device, 

plan, intention, thought 3^11 
n^^np to devise a device, to 
conceive a purpose Jer.18,11; 49, 

30; Dn.^n'n-'^s? ^m ie'x ina2?nn 

his device that he had devised 
against the Jews Est. 8,3; *isn 
niD 'I''N3 nWnD purposes (or 
plans) are frustrated without 
counsel Pr.15,22; is'? niatJ^niD I.V.: 
the imagination of the thoughts 
of his heart Gen.6,5.— 2 J slcill, 
invention, art, work of art riS^^P 
fl5??na work of art Ex. 85, 33; 

ag'in ' n 5 ^ n a rfihfii engines 

[which were] the invention of 
artificers 2Chr. 26, 15 ; a i ti* D. I2 
ni^C'na to devise works of art 

Xi^nQ (from r\m ; pi. n^3tt*na , c. 

\3a:'ria) m. l) darkness, the dark 

lixf DH/isS rjwa D''U>K I will 

make darkness light before them 

13.42,16; DiTk'yD rja'naa n;ni and 

their works are in the dark Is. 

29,15; as adv. ;jB>na ""yTa my 
acquaintances are in darkness Ps. 
88,19.— 2) dark place D''32>na3 
'';55^?*'ii'' lie hath set me in dark 
places Lam.3,6; n^.'"'5B'!:]a the 
dark places of the earth Ps.74,20. 

f]t^*^D (from fj^n) m. a peeling off, 
a laying bare (in an adverbial 
sense) JD^H ^^Q laying bare the 
white Gen.30,37. 

nnD pr. n. TO. lChr.6,20. 

nnno (from nng ; sf. ST\^tya ; pi. 
nifina , rinna) f. j^coal-pan, fire- 
pan, incense bowl, censer Bx.27, 
3; 2K.25,15; Lev.l6,12.— 2) snuff- 
dish, tray Bx.25,38; 37,23- 

nrinp (from nog ; c nTm) f- -o 

crushing, destruction, ruin Ps.89, 
41 f Pr.18,7.— 2) terror, conster- 
nation Is.54,14; Jer.17,17. 

iTirinD (from nnn) f. breaking in, 
burglary Ex.22,1; Jer.2,34. 

Niap a. r\m Ch t) to come, to 
reach (with "^ or "(2) Dan.4,8; 7, 
13.— 2) to come, to arrive WOJ 
nap the time came Dan.7,22; with 
72? : to come upon, to happen to 

KaxrpO (from Nia)w. broom, bes- 
om;' iig. naE'n Naxaa? n^naKai 

and I will sweep it with the bes- 
om of destruction Is. 14,23. 
nStpp (from naa) m. slaughter, 
massacre Is.14,21. 

nisa (from nai; c naa , sf. tied, 
inaa ; pi. niaa , sf. vniaa , once 




V^tt Hab.3,14 as if from D"i?ip) m. 
1) stick, rod, staff Ex. 4,2; Num. 
20,9; 18.14,43; D'''75 n^a rod of 
branches (i. e. the rod holding 
the branches together) Ez. 19,14; 
tV n^D strong rod Bz.19,11, else- 
where staff of power Jer.48,17, 
ruler's staff, sceptre Ps. 110, 2; 
DQ^'HEiO the staff of bread, 1. e. 
means of subsistence Lev.26,26; 
Bz.5,i6; Dl?l nan staff of wrath, 
i. e. instrument of punishment 

is.10,5 (= e^s BSBj); HEjab np^Donn 

y^l violence is risen up into 
a rod of wickedness, i. e. as a 
rod to chastise it Ez.7,11; nC3D 
mpltS the staff of appointment, 
i. e. the staff of punishment ap- 
pointed of God Is.30,32: iD?E> HEQ 
the staff of his shoulder, i. e. the 
rod by which he is beaten 9,3; 
mSJ'' ■'Dl niSD 1J^Dt2? hear ye the 
rod (of punishment) and who 
hath appointed it Mic.6,9; rtEQ 
Ez.7,10 ace. Ibn Ganach same as 
ngl? injustice, wrong (Puerst).— 
a') stem, tribe (= D^W): '''k '"ISe 
the tribe of Levi Num.1,49; ntaiS 
nnn^ the tribe of Judah 13,5; 
Xfp'Q^ ''A3 ntsa the tribe of the 
children of Simeon 34,20; ""J^K^ 
flirsan the heads of the tribes 

IK. 8, 1; nitsan nias ^w'^ the 

heads of the fathers (families) 
of the tribes Jos.l4,l;nteD uSV^'f? 
*ipj< according to the oaths to 
the tribes, even thy word Hab. 
3,9 (Ges.: cworn are the rods of 

his word, i. e. the promised chas- 

ntSD , ^ Hf (from HDJ) adv. down, 
downwards, beneath, below, under>. 
neath Pr.15,24; HfO HBD very 
low D6ut.28,43; with prepositions: 
a) with h : =^a?7 downward Be. 
3,21; of quantity:' under G^'if'i ]|D 
ntaDjI njU> from twenty years 
old and under lChr.27,23; with 
]»: below, less tnan ir.J.ii?.? HEpb 
below our sins, i. e. less than 
our sins deserve Bzr.9,13. 6^ HElD^D 
from below, underneath Bx.27,5. 

(1130 (from HBi; c. D^D, sf. ''Of Pi 
])l. rfm?) f. 1) bed, couch 2S.4,7; 
IS. 28,23; Bz.23,41.— 2) litter, 
palanquin Cant.3,7.~ 3) bier (for 
dead bodies) 28-3,31. 

nS3D (from HDi only pi. DiDD) /l 
spreading out, expansion nitsl? 
VSJ3 the spreading out of his 
wings {fig. of the rising of a 
river) Is.8,8. 

niSp (from naj) /'. perverseness, 
injustice (prop, a bending of 
right) nap n«SD n^rni and the 
city is full of perverseness Ez.9,9. 

r!W2 (from niB) wt. a spinning, 
soro«tning spun Bx. 35,25. 

t'''E5l2 (from "^tOD ; c. 't'PP) to. bar 
(of metal) Jb.40,18. 

^aJ3 in Ar. to hammer, to forge, 
whence TpO. 

]lDtpa, PPP (from ]913 ; pi. Q'^Jfipp, 
c. \0PPP) TO. 1) hidden place. 




underground Jer.41,8. — 2) hid- 
den store, treasure Gen. 43, 23; 
DnripD V.9P9 treasures of secret 
places Is.45,3. 
ytSO (from J?W ; c. J^ElD , sf. nr^fi ; 

pi. c. ^?JBO)w. planting, plantation 
nrag nij"^!; the beds of her 
plantation Ez. 17,7; '•raa IX^ the 
branch of my planting Is.60,21; 
Q?5 \V|i5 the plantings of a 
vineyard Mic.1,6. 

03720 (from DS?^; j)L n''BrBO a. 
jliasjpa) m, savory food, dainty 
•ininN Ti'NS D^'Syaa savory food, 
such as I iovfl Qen.27,4; INnPl'bw 
VriiaiJCa? be not desirous of his 
dainties Pr.23,3. 

nnStap (from nSD ; pi. ninSDD) f. 
covering, mantle (others: shawl) 
R.3,15; Is.8,22. 

*1£DD (akin to mD) prop, to be 
moist, hence: to rain (_K<d not 

Niph. n^pj ifut. im]) to bo 
rained upon "tL?Bfl nns np7in one 
piece of land was rained upon 

Hiph. T'lapri (fut. T"?!!?:, ap. 
*lDp: ; pt. n^ppD ; inf. T'DpH) to 
send rain, to cause to rain Am. 
4,7; ls.5,6; fig, of other things sent 
down from above in the manner 
of rain, as hail Bx.9,23, lightning 
Ps.11,6, Are and brimstone Gen. 
19,24, etc. 
lQt2 (from IDD ; c. laP; pi. ninPO , 
tt nilB^) m. rain IK.17,1; IP!?, 

^V'1l the rain of thy seed Is.30 
23; sometimes coupled with its 
synonym Q2*^. to strengthen its 
meaning: D^.^ *ipP abundant rain 
Zch.10,1; it^ riiipp Dg*| the pour- 
ing rains of his strength Jb.37,6. 
TTQD pr- n. f. Gen.36,89. 

KItSD see H^ap 2. 

TT - ^^ 

mCSO (from ipj) f. 1) prop, place 

TT - 

of guard, hence: prison, dungeon 
nnaan ivn the court of the pris- 
un Jer. 39,15. — 2) aim, mark IS. 
20,20; Jb.16,12; fo!? nnffiPI as a 
mark for the arrow Lam. 3. 12 
{Ktib NnfP). 

^*ipa W- n. m. IS.10,21. 

^D (only du. 0% , (^ DJP , c. ''P and 
•'P'^a , sf, ri2^D ; with H Zoc. nS'iffiH) 
m. 1) water D^n D^D living (.i. e. 
running) water Gen.26,19; some- 
times with predicate in the sin- 
gular: V'?'5P D!P"''r. water runneth 
out of his buckets Num.24,7 (for 
^'?r.); r\mn ''P water of purifica- 
tion Num.P,7; rTlJ ^P water of se- 
paration 19,13; D^.DSX ^P water to 
the ankles Ez.47,3i \n^ ''P waters 
of swimming v. 5; sometimes the 
absolute form is used instead of 
the construct, as: fn'2 D^Q water 
of affliction IK.22,27 a. Is.30,20; 
D^.|"13 DIP water to the knees Bz. 
47, 4 ; peculiar expressions : ''Ig 
tS*J^T water of poppies, i. e. a 
poisonous drink Jer. 8, 14; ''P''D 
^"tl?! water of the feet, i. e. urine 

-2KJ5,a7 \Srz by euphemism for 



V5? or ]n?*); n-1int_ lao from the 
waters of Judah, i. e. from the 
seed of Judah Is. 48,1 (but it is 
probable that the word V^D stands 
here for ''VBI^ , comp. Qen.15,1; 
2S.7,12 a. 16,11V, poet, of tears: 
Q^n-l'^f. irsySi?! and our eyelids 
may drop down water Jer.9,17; 
as a figure of abundance and 
multitude Is. 11, 9; Ps. 88,18; of 
great overwhelming danger: 1X3 
^py"]V U'l'Q the waters are come 
in unto my soul Ps.69,2; of pre- 
cipitation: 0151 tns unstable as 
water Gen.49,4; of terror; 337 D2Q 
DJ?i'? ''D^.l D?? and the hearts of 
the people melted, and became 
as water (i. e. it quailed) Jo8.7, 
5. — 2) in the composition of 
proper names: a) 3n| ''D (the 
water of gold) Gen.36,39. b) ^D 
iipnin a city in Dan Jos. 19, 46. 
c) ninSJ ''D a fountain in Judah, 
near Jerusalem Jos. 15,19. 
""0 pron. interrogative; who ? (of 
persona without distinction of 
gender and number) Ht. ^D who is 
this? Ps.24,8; nj KIH '•0 who is he? 
Bst,7,5; nj.^n ll>i(jn-"i|2 who is this 
man? Gen. 24,65; riK iD who art 
thou? R.3,9; DHI ^p who is she? 
Cant.6,10: pi. n^!< iD who are 
these? Gen.33,5i doubled for the 
sake of emphasis: Q''37nn ''D1 ^D 
who are they that shall go? Ex. 
^10,8; also in reference .to. things, 
when the idea of person is in- 
cluded, as: njn niqan-'?! ^) ''i? 

who to thee Is this whole band(com- 
pany of people)? Gen.33,8; 7\pp ''13 
what is thy name? (prop, who 
art thou by name?) Jud. 13,17; ''D 
^in •'D1 ■'ijK who am I and what 
is my life? IS.18,18.— The oblique 
cases of ^^ : after a noun in 
the construct state it is put in 
the genitive case, as: ''D flS whose 
daughter? Gen.24,23;"'!? IIDq whose 
ass? IS. 12,3; ''J?"13T whose" word? 
Jer. 44,28; the other cases a.n 
marked by prefixes: ''tt^ to whom? 
Gen.32,18; ''i?!? from whom? Ez.32, 
19; ^D? by whom? IK.20,14; iDTlS 
whom? IS. 12,3; sometimes with 
h in the genitive, as: iins ''t?7 
whose art thou? Gen. 32, 18. — 
Sometimffs ''? presupposes nega- 
tion: JJT.i'' ''D who knoweth? (i. e. 
no one) Bc.3,21; 1DN'' ''D who will 
say? (no one) Jb.9,12; -.. '^^D ''P 
ni2> D''J3 r\p>i'<n who would have 

TT • T It • " 

said..., that etc. (no one would 
have said) Gen.21,7. — ^D some- 
times serves merely as a sign of 
interrogatioi/. ip''il Dp^ ''i? shall 
Jacob be able to endure? Am. 
7,2 a. 5; l^oni^. ''P can I comfort 
thee? Is. 51, 19 (comp. Talm. 
interrog. particle 'D).— With 
fut. ''1? often expresses a wish; 
tSBiB* i;D2>''. ■'D who will make me 
judge? i. e. Oh that I were made 
judge! 2S.15,4; a usual formula: 
]r\) ^D who shall give, i. e. Oh 
that LJud.9,29; HJi'Si "13« '''?']Dr''? 
Oh that! had wings like a dove! 
Ps.55,8: DniJ-'HT? ''UBI ''a Oh 




that I were as in months past! 
Jb.29,2.— 2) indeflnite; whoever, 
any man, every one C^.^l 7lJ3 ^0 
on^Ss t!>|.l whoever hath any 
cause, let him come unto them 

Ex.24, 14; i'^; TnOI. ><!]V'?' "^^^ i^ 
timid and fearful, let him return 
Jud.7,3; "1S?|5 ''i? ^1P?* take care 
of the young man every one of 
you 2S.18,1^ (Eng. Bible: beware 
that none touch the young man). 

J^iT'SJ j)r. n. a city in Reuben Jos. 
13,9, afterwards in the possession 
of Moab Is.15,2. 

TT"iO jpr. n. m. Num. 11,26. 

y^i'D (from 3EP ; c. iffiip) m. the 
best, the choicest \r\y^ D^iD the 
best of his own field Bx.22,4; 
fl^O ^^''0 the best of the land 

^yt2 see njiD a. H^?''!?. 

^t^^iQ pr. n. Michael: 1) one of the 
seven archangels, the advocate 
of Israel with God Dan.10,21.— 
2) son of king Jehoshaphat 2Chr. 
21,2 and various other persons 
Num.13,13; lChr.5,13; 27,18; Ezr. 

n^''D i""« n. Micah; 1) one of the 
minor prophets, surnamed "'iiltt'isn 
Mlc.1,1 (In Jer.26,18 Ktib. n;3^'D).— 
2) person mentioned in lChr.8,34 
(= N^'^p 2S.9,12) 

n''D''0 i""- w. m. name of several 

'^persons 2X.22,12 (= ns''!? 2Chr. 

34,20); Neh.12,35 (= N^''? Neh. 

11,17); Neh.I2,Al. See also n3''D 1. 

in''i''D pi^- n. 1) commander under 

ITT • 

king Jehoshaphat 2Chr. 17,7. — 
2) wife of king Rehoboam 2Chr. 
^ri''i''D !>*■• *»• "*• 1) ^ Levite who 

; T • 

set up idol-worship in Dan Jud. 

7,l = no''D V. 5 etc.— 2) a proph- 
et in the times of Ahab IK.22,8, 
for which also nS^D 2Chr. 18,24 
and V.y'a V. 8 iKtib).— 3) an- 
other person Jer. 26,11. 

byp I- (from Sd^ = "7^3 to con- 
tain) TO. prop, water-holder, hence; 
brook D^an 7Di!? the brook of 
water 28.17,20. 

hyt2 n. pr- n. wife of David IS. 
14,49; 28.6,16. 

W^ see •'D 

pr. n. m. 1) a person men- 
tioned in Bzr.10,25 a. Neh.12,5, 
for which 12,17 has pi?;^!? .— 
2) another person lChr.24,9. 
VP (from ]1t3) m. prop, division, 
hence: species, kind; only with sf. 
U"'!?'? , •nX'^h after its kiiid Gen. 
l,ll'a. 12; ny'p'j l,24;i)J. sf. DH^J^a^ 
Gen. 1,21. 

nj^rp see p^a-^p/i. 

'rTD''0 Ktib for TjWO , which see. 

nS?2''D , *~i??S{? P^- w. a Levitical 
city in Reuben Jos.13,18; 21,37, 
afterwards belonging to Moab 
Jer.48,21, where Ktib flJJBiD . 

pp (from pD) m. pressing, squeez- 
ing out 3|7n pp the pressing 




(i. e. churning) of milk Pr.30,3; 
fig. a''T K''V^'' n:SK fil? the press- 
ing (i. e. forcing) of wrath bring- 
eth forth strife ib. 
H^^'Q pr. n. m. lChr.8,9. 

TNEyO i"'- w- w- 1) a persn men- 
tioned in Ex,6,22. — 2) companion 
of Daniel Dan. 1,6, afterwards 
called ?1'^"'0. — 3) another per- 
son Neh.8,4. 

1W''D, lii*'''? (from l^^) m. prop, 
evenness, hence: level land, plain 
*liB*'>l?^ iprO n;ni the uneven 
shall be made level Is.4;0,4; ''Jn^Q 
IW"!!? f 5v5 guide me on a level 
land Ps.i43,10; with aH, ■|iB>''!3n 
the plain in the territory of 
Reuben Deut.4,43, whose cities 
are called *lltt"'l?n i;!!? 3,10.- 
2) fig. righteousness, equity Is. 
Vx,i; Mai. 2,6; as adv. righteously 
"lit!*'')? i3''DSJ tDSE>0 "'? for thou 
Shalt judge the people righteous- 
ly Ps.S7,5. 

T[2'*''P pr. n. m. Dan.1,7 = ''KB'iD 2, 
which see. 

r{J^'»J2 pr. n. Mejha, a king of Moab 
2K 3,4. 

J?5y^P ?»■- »• a son of Caleb IChr. 

yZ^'D (from *ltt>; ; only pi. D^^''??) 
m. 1) straightness, uprightness, 
equity Dn?*''?? p''1^!? n^** the way 
of the just is uprightness Is.26,7; 
n.V"iri D^ll*''?? thou hast pleasure 
ir 'uprightness lChr.29,17; p'J^ 

C'lti'DI £2S?*12 justice, judgment, 
andequity Pr.l,3;nnB'"'D| C^r I'-T; 
he shall judge the people with 
equity Ps.96,l0; fig, agreement, 
concord, peace C")!^^?? riWiJ? to 
make an agreement Dan. 11,6. — 
2) as adv. righteously, uprightly, 
sincerely ?]1iniji d''T^''l3 they love 
thee sincerely Cant. 1,4; C'l^^D 
ItaSB'iJ do ye judge uprightly ? 
Ps!58,2;n''l|'''a'^, D''1f''a2 smooth- 
ly, sweetly Pr.23,31; Cant.7,10. 

IJT'P tfrom in; ; pi. Dnnifi , sf. 
''15"'» , TI''1p''13) m. 1) cord of a 
tent IpriJ ^iri''P"73 all my cords 
are broken Jer.10,20. — 2) string 
of a bow Ps.21,13 (see the quo- 
tation under ]13 Pii 

r\p see rj^a. 

3X^30 , ^i«?5 (from 3 N | ; i'Z. 
C'^N^D a. niai<5n) «». pain, dis- 
ease Jb. 33,19; fig. mental suffering, 
sorrow, grief Lam.1,12; Eel, 18. 

T'iiO (from 15|) in. fulness, abun- 
dance "l^3DD7 ^'^\^ food in abun- 
dance Jb.36,3t. 

X33.DD P*"- »»■ a city in Judah 
lChr.2,49 (= ]i3| Jos.15,40). 

'3330 l""- «■ «*• lChr.12,13. 

1330 Cfrom 15|) »!. prop, some- 
thing woven, hence: cloth, cover- 
ing 2K,8,15. 

'1330 (from 15|) w*. prop, some- 
thing twisted, hence: grate "13DD 
n^'5 ni!>S?0 a grate of net-work 
Bx.27,4. ' 




; 120 (from HDJ ; c. flSD ; pi. ni3D) 
f. (three times pi. m. C^^ 2K.8, 
29; 9,15; 2Chr.22,6) 1) beating, 
smiting, blow, stroke Ha"! HSD 
many strokes Deut.25,3; 310 ^19 
with the stroke of the sword Est. 
9,5; ri|D T\^T^ to impart blows Is. 
14,6.— 2) wound, sore naan-DT 
the blood of the wound IK. 22,35; 
np.tS riM moist (suppurating) sore 
Is. 1,6; D''35 i1|i7 to give wounds 
2K.8,29.— 3) defeat in war HSri 
nSO to smite with slaughter, 
to defeat Jos. 10, 10. — D''^n 
niaa 2Chr.2,9 = nS'SD cm wheat 
for food lK.5,25. 

np,p (from n;!|; c. ni?0) f. a burn, 
a burnt spot Lev.13,24. 

]1iO (from ]13 ; c. ]iDI? , sf. iji^a ; 
jj?. D^Jiai?) m. place, dwelling- 
place ri'j'yfi TlJp;iK>S |iDa in the 
place which thou hast made for 
thee to dwell in Ex. 15,17; fig-pl^X 
^Np? p? t2|t?>91 justice and judg- 
ment are the dwelling-place of 
thy throne Ps.89,15; ''^i^M nB''3N 
I will look down on my dwelling- 
place Is.18,4.- 2) basis, founda- 
tion n''Ji31?-'7y f 1^ no; who hath 
founded the earth upon her bases 
Ps.lC4,5; iJiDJ?-"?!? ^T'DSrn'? to set 
it up on its foundation Ezr.2,68. 

nJlip, niDi? (= liDD; sf. nnj?i?, 
Qri|?P; pi. nii^t?, «/•. rnjiDpi /•. 

1) place Zch.5,11.— .S; stool, sup- 
port, basis Ezr.3,3. 

mlDO, n'T.Op/'. origin, birth HNDlbp 
riiriiSDl thy birth and thy na- 
tivity Ez.16,3; Dniap f!!« the 
land of their origin, their native 
country 29,14 (prop, the place of 
their digging out, from 'Tl3^ni3 
to dig; comp. Is.51,1). 

'y^'2 jpr. n. 1) a son of Manasseh 

• T 

Gen. 50,23, whence poet, for Ma- 
nasseh Jud.5,l4; gent. "'1.''?0 Num. 
26,29.— 2) another person 2S-0,4. 
TT^fi (akin to TjlD , J10 ; fwt. tfo; . 
\ 3 Ip^) to be brought low, to 
sink, to perish DJiy.3 130*1 and 
they were brought low for their 
iniquity Ps.106,43. 

Niph. tlDJ ifut. rjaj) to sink, to 
go to ruin n^pSH ?]»■; Din':Vi?3 
by slothfulness the frame-work 
will sink Ec. 10,18. 

Hopli. T]!3n to be brought low, 

pi. IDipri Jb.24,24 (for 13Bri). 

HN^ip (from vH) f. fold, only 

pi. c. |KX niNS?!? sheep-folds Ps. 


n^OD I- (= nN^pD) /•. sheep-fold 

n^ip II. (from nSs) f. comple- 
tion, perfection; only once pi 
in|. ni73p perfections of gold, i. e. 
perfect gold 2Chr4,21. 
hv^D (from hh^) m. perfection, 
splendor h'h^'O ''B'iS clothed in 
perfection, i. e. splendidly, gor- 
geously Ez.23,12. 

7^'75fi , ^759 w, something perfect, 




costly thing; only pi, Dv"??!? 
costly wares (especially splendid 
garments) Ez.27,24. 

^^iD 1= ''^''?9 ; c. "^S?!?) m. per- 
fection "ifi^ ^55? perfection of 
beauty Ps.50,2. 

nVaiD (contracted from tfi^^py f. 

•food irriaV nVsa food for his 

household lK.5,25. 
'jOiD (from p3) m. treasure, only 

pi DiiO?0 Dan. 11,43. 
DDiD !"■• »»■ a place in Benjamin 

Ezr.2,27 = 2*D?» lfi-13,5. 
*1DD0 (from °1D|) «i. net, hunter's 

net Is.51,20. 
iD30 (= I???) »»• net, only pi. 

d'"' "fa 313 Ps.141,10. 
niOiD a. n-JIppp (from 103) f. 

net,' flsh-net Hab.1,15; Is,19,8. 
JJ^J2iJ2 pr, n. a place in Benjamin, 

east of IJ.^Tl''? iS.13,2 a. 5, for 

which also E*D?D Neh.11,31 and 

01230 Bzr.2,27. ' 
nrJ33D i»'- ''■■ ^ place on the con- 

fines of Bphraim and Manasseh 

Jos. 16,16. 
'OUiO P^- '"■• "*■ Ezr. 10,40. 
a^D^DO (from Di| ; c. ''D|?D) m. du. 

breeches, drawers (of the priests) 

n3-''DJ3a linen breoches Bx.28,42. 
Dip (irom DD3) m. prop, deter- 
minate numbtr, hence: census, 

tax, tribute Num 31,28. 
riDDD (from DD3 ; c. rip?n) f. num- 

ber, amount Ex.12.4. 

nD3D (from nD3 ; c. nD3ID) m. cov- 
ering, roof '^nN7 11539 a cover- 
ing foi th3 tent Kx.26,14; HD?? 
n3rin the covering of the ark 

nS^p (P'-op. pt. Ft. of nDS) m. 

1) covering, cover H^l J'y^ ^^JJ'^^ 
nySin T]53D^ the worm is spread 
under thee, and thy cover is 
vermin Is. 14,11; of the covering 
of a ship Ez.27.7.— 2) clothing 
p^Jiy ng3p7 for durable clothing 
)s.23,]8. — 3) covering of the in- 
testines Lev. 9, 19; fully iSnn 
3!5i^D'riN: ne3pn the fat that cov- 
ereth thf) inwards Ex.29,13. 
n^SJD W' w. Machpelah, a tract 
near Hebron, where the patriarchs 
and their wives were buried Gen. 
23,17 a. 19; 49,?0; H^pSn nn^^ 
the cave of Machpelah Gei..23,9; 

~i:)D (A**- 13P! ; pi- i3iD i imp. 139 , 
nnsp; inf. S^a, ibp, «/". nnpia, 

01313) to sell, to deliver up, 
with h of the person to whom 
Gen.25,33; with 3 of the price Jo, 
4,3; Ps.44,13; with |a: to sell of 
(partitively) Ez.48,14; with T3 : 
to give over into the hand of 

Niph. ISOJ (fwi. 13SV, m/'. 13an , 
sf. i"l3an) to be sold Lev.25,48; 
with h for what Ps.105,17, or of 
the person to whom Neh.5,8; f,g. 
to be given over Est.7,4. 

Ilithp. ISDnn {fut. 13Dj;il; inf.sf. 
TjISDrin) to sell oneself, to be 




sold Deut.28,68; iig. ISiOnn 1^'N 
ynn nw??i who sold Mmself to 
do what is evil IK.21,25. 

^iO (»/"■ nnpa, nn?!?) m. i; thing 

for sale, ware Neh.13,16.— 2) 

price, value Nuin.20,19; Pr.31,10. 

lap (from "131 i sf. i13D ; pt. sf. 

D5''n?i3) "• acquaintance, friend 

niOp Ifrom H'll ; c. HH?!?) m. pit, 

mine n^lJTl^inD a salt-pit Zph.2,9. 

Dp'''ri'l3!? B?n "i!;! weapons of 
violence are their swords Gen. 
49,5; ace. Aben Ezra: pact, cove- 
nant (from "15^ to sell, to nego- 
tiate); others: habitation (= miDtp 
nativity: thus Eng. Bible: instru- 
ments of cruelty are in their 

■"IDp W- »• »«■ lChr.9,8. 

'mip gent, of an unknown place 

r^•^do ichr.ii,36. 

m. stumbling, stumbling block 

"^bbi? ]m nh i.iy '';s':i nor put a 

stumbling block before the blind 
Lev.l9,U; "'£3^ rjlia SWOD lO'^'in 
take up (remove) the stumbling 
block out of the waj' of my 
people Is.57,U; Sity^D 1« a stone 
of stumbling Is.8,H; fig. entice- 
ment ]i3J h'imth DsS n^n'' vh^ 

that iniquity may not entice you 
Ez.18,30: J:^. 'jiK'SS reproach of 
heart, scruple of conscience IS. 

n^^'jp (from '?a'| ; i^i!. rf'?^?!?) A 
i; fall, ruin Is.3,6.— 2) entice- 
ment D''V^^^°n^J nl^E'osn the 

enticements wivh the wicked Zph. 

irijp (from in|) m. 1) writing, 
written characters Is. 32,16. — 2) 
something written, letter 2Chr. 
21,12; a written production, a 
composition Is. 38,9. 

nri;!P (from nD|; sf. ^nf)?!?) f. 
breaking, fracture Is. 30,14. 

Dn.iJ3 (from DnS) m. a written 
composition, a poem (= ^031? 5), 
only in the inscriptions of Ps.l6 
and Ps.56— 60. 

tJ'rijp (from t!>n3) m. 1) mortar Pr. 
27,22.— 2) hollow, socket of a 
tooth (prob. from its likeness to 
a mortar) Jud. 15,19.— 3) pr. n. 
a valley near Jerusalem Zph.1,11. 

iiba (1 ''0!<).O , once ^C.^.D Jb.32,18; 
3 pi. once I'^D Ez.2S,16 for 1x'7i3 ; 

/■Mt. H^^:, J,?. i«'^p; ; ^i. k':d,'^l 

D'^^Sn ; mjj. pi. i'k'^D ; inf. nx'?!?) 
i) to be full, to become full ]^Tn 
Vn™.-'?|-'71?s!-'D the Jordan was 
full to all its banks Jos. 3, 15; 
with accus. of the thing: tc be 
full of D'^DID t<i?a inn the moun- 
tain was full of horses 2K.6,17; 
V] 1«'t13 ^'Vtl the wicked are 
full of evil Pr.12,2; \>*Sa vi jI^q 
I am full of the fury of the Lord 
Jer.6,11; D''^P 'n'7,^ I am full of 
words Jb.32,18; of desire: to be 
satisfied ''B'SJ ia^^Oi? my desir" 




shall be satisfied upon them Ex. 
15,9; with 37 : to presume, to 
dare ]3 fllB^gS iaS Ik'tD "^m 
whose heart was full to do this 
(i. 6. who presumed, dared to do 
it) Est.7,5 ccomp. Ec.8,11); of time: 
to be fulfilled, accomplished, com- 
pleted riK^V ns'pD her time 6f 
sorrow is accomplished Is.40,2; 
■"D^ 1X70 my days are fulfilled 
Gen. 29,21; of the time of preg- 
nancy: rnSS nils'' IXSO'I and her 
days were fulfilled to bring forth 
Gen.25,24; CiaiJOH ^'Q\ 1«'^l?^ ]3 so 
were completed the days of em- 
balming Gen.50,3 — 3) tr. to fill 
^l n\3T,K K^TD ]:vr\ the cloud 
filled the house of the Lord IK. 
8,10; DDin fl^n'n^J IkS:; they have 
filled the land with violence Bz. 
gj7. — 3) to consecrate, to make 
ready ''^jl Di'Ll D?!!!. 1^''?'? conse- 
crate yourselves to-day to the 
Lord Bx.32,29; D'^^St^'n Mi^U get 
the shields ready Jer.51,11. 

Niph. n'jOJ. Cfut. xSa^.) to be 
ailed, to become full (with accus.: 
with) h^ K^PJ iB^Xl.tJ* for my 
head is filled with dew Cant.5,2; 
nan ion k'^H"! and Haman was 
full of wrath Est.3:,5; with inf. as 
noun:;i ni^rnx WnS {''IKHK^Sn 
the earth shall be filled with 
the knowledge of the glory of 
God Hab.2,U; of time: to be ful- 
filled, accomplished nSJ^t? «^.S>^ 
WP"^ and seven days were ful- 
filled Ex.7,25; of premature ter- 

mination of life: K^.^;? iDP n'?| 
it shall be accomplished before 
his time Jb. 15,32. 

Pi. «!9t? (once K^D Jer.51,34i 
fut. ahl^l, once n^a: Jb.8,21; pt 
«!?i5J: , pi. □"'N'^aD ; imp, K^D , inf. 
K5d,' niN^t?) i) to make full, to 

fill «^ax bp%nnv>< i win flii their 

treasures Pr.8,21; with two accus.: 
to fill one with: 3!?Tia?n Dnt^ N^D 
he hath filled them with wisdom 
ofmindEx.35,35; ^JriN^D Q^ thou 
hast filled me with indignation 
Jer. 15,17; rarely with '{Q of thing: 
linUD W1D k'pD he hath filled 
his belly with my delicacies Jer. 
51,34; of desire or appetite: to 
fulfil, to satisfy "'73 ;*'. kJ??' 
Tl''rii'7N.?'» may the Lord fulfil all 
thy wishes Ps.20,6; ''3 ia*9J n'?D^ 
31?']'; to satisfy his soul when he 
is hungry Pr.6,30;offood: to supply 

ahn:? n''T§'? n?n thou supplies;. 

the food of young lions Jb.38,39; 
of urink-oflferings: to pour out 
tlQDD '^ith Q^^bO!?? that pour out 
libations to fortune Is. 65,11; of 
time: to fulfil, to complete TliJ 
t«^PS ^"'55. ISP'? the number of 
thy days I will fulfil (complete) 
Ex.23,26; HXt 5?3^ «^0 fulfil (com- 
plete) the week of this Gen.29,27; 
hence: to give in full Dl^i^piJ 
1^2^^ and they gave them (the 
foreskins) in full number to the 
king IS.18,27; of words: to con- 
firm ?l!53'lTlt< ■'W^ai and I will 
confirm thy words lK.1,14 (Ges.: 
I will complete thy words); of a 




river; to flU up, to overflow KHI 
1imr'7||-by N^DD and it (Jordan) 
filled up to (overflowed) all its 
banks lChr.12,15; of gems: to fill 
in, to set |5'5 riS^I? U nnhm and 
thou Shalt set in ii settings of 
stones Bx.2S,17; mh^b ]5^ n^lO.^I 
and in cutting of stones to set 
them 31,5; ll-flg N^D to fill the 
power of one, to empower, to 
consecrate in the priesthood Num. 
3,3;Ex. 28,41.— Joined with another 
verb as adv.: fully, wholly IN'lp 
IK^a cry fully, i. e. aloud Jer. 
4,5 (Eng. Bible renders Ix'tO 
'gather together'): r\f^, "'0^.^? ace. 
Ges. elliptically for 'rf^lh ^nubn 
r\0n I fully bent the bow Zch. 
9,13; so also 1\ nn.K n'pD for N^O 
W "'tlD.^ riD^J^ he wholly followed 
the Lord Jo8.14,14. 

Fu. uhl? {pt. N^ap) to be filled 
in, to be set (of gems) int. '<h''hi 
V''\^'\m D"'i<^P? gold cylinders 
set with the chrysolite Cant.5,14. 
Hithp. K T.Orin to gather or crowd 
themselves IIN^On; ^h'4 'iDl they 
have gathered themselves to- 
gether against me Jb. 16,10. 

K^JD Ch. (3 f. DnSd) to fill Dan. 
Ithp. ■'Spnn to be filled Dan.3,19. 

i6t2 (c. «!7I? , pi. D^'K^l? ; f. Hn!?!? , 
c. poet. ■'O^^.P , pi. riiK^D) adj. 1) 
filling (in this sense it is a pt.) 

»m I not filling (do I not fill) 

heaven and earth? Jer.23,24; vh'\'^ 
^9\"?D"'"lfc' C^i^l? his train was 
filling (filled) the temple Is.6,1.— 
2) full, filled N^a ^151 the ful] 
money, i. e. full price Gen 23,9; 
^1?P D^"l a full (strong) wind Jer. 
4,12; with accus. -h'2 n>'hp D''n| 
i1!D houses filled with all good 
things Deut.6,11; D'^pj.N^!? full of 
days, i. e. advanced in age Jer. 
6,11; tOS?*!? "iOK!?!? full of judg- 
ment Is. 1,2]. — 3) as adv.: fully 
KJjp tyo; U>i2. stubble fully dry 
Nah.1,10.— 4) as n.: fulness, 
abundance, multitude « ^ 12 ''D 
waters of fulness, i. e. abundant 
Ps 73,10; «^1$ ^^"V^ ^^Tt tliey 
have called a multitude after thee 
Jer.12,6 (others: they have called 
aloud; comp. IN7Q ^^'Ip under 
K^TD PL). 

t^tip a. Ni'^p (once iSp Bz.41,8; sf. 
^^h^ , ni^Sl?) m. 1) fulness, what 
fills up In'^PI D^n the sea and its 
fulness Ps.96,11; n^^ai H^ the 
earth and its fulness Ps24,l; in 
c. eiD| ini5 nSd the fulness of 
his house of silver, i. e. his house 
full of silver Num.22,18; "^3 n"?!? 
ni35 V^NH the fulness o^f the 
whole earth is his glory, i. e. 
the whole earth is full of his 
glory Is.6,3; Cl3\^fn vhl^ the ful- 
ness of your hands, i. e. your hands 
full Ex.9,8; iXlpi^ N'71? his handful 
Lev.5,12; loVn "kSi?' a full omer 
Ex.16,33; n^.i^H "h^ the fulness of 
a rsed, i. e. a full reed Bz.41,8^ 




TiyiW anrxb^ over the full breadth 
of thy land is.8,8; ^IDip-K'?? the 
fulness of his stature, i. e. at his 
full length IS.28,20.— 2) mul- 
titude C^ijn'Kbn a multitude of 
nations Gen.48,'l9; D^p *^% a 
multitude of shepherds Is. 31,4. 

HN^tt («/■. ^i7«!?I?) f. 1) full fruit, 
full ears (of grain) ?^S^r\ TinNi^D 
thy full (ripe) fruits and thy 
liquors Ex.22,2S; ii^^n-j?? nxbpi 
as the ripe fruit (others: fulness) 
of the wine-press Num.18,27. 

nxVp (c. n'i'?!? ; pi. sf. DniC,^!?) f. 
a"' filling in, setting i^^ n«'?ia 
setting of stones Ex.28,17. 

Q'N|?P (.c. ''KjiD) m. pi. 1) filling in, 
setting (same as HK^D) n''K^n "'A?^« 
stones for setting Ex.25,7.— 2) in- 
stallation, consecration (of priests 
In office) Q3"'N'?I3 ''^\ m% Dii ni? 
until the days of your conse- 
cration be at an end Lev.8,33; 
hence also: consecration-offering 

TIN'pI? (from ^xS; c. Tli</13;sf. ''?«^a, 
iSK^D , nDD^Sa Nah. 2, 14 for 
tlDN^D; pi! ■0^2^%, c. ■'Sif'^O, sf. 
?]pN'^P, VDnSD) m. messenger, 
herald IS.23,27; uSh'^ ''3t|'?a mes- 
sengers of peace Is.33,7; poet. n'g*J^ 
nini"l vax"?? he maketh the winds 
his messengers Ps. 104,4. — 2) angel 
Gen.24,7; more fully ;''. ?1K^0 an 
angel (prop, a messenger) of the 
Lord een.16,7. 

niNtia (from IK? ; c. nSK^l? ; sf. 

•'nnN^p, TinsK^D, insKSo; ^i. 
niiH7?, 0. pi. nb^.'^D)' f. 'work, 
business ri?«^«? nfc»y «; to do 

work Ex.20,10; 36,8. h) to do busi- 
ness Dan.8,27; nniir nSK^TP work 
of labor Lev. 23,7; of artistic work: 
B^in ngsl^a the work of an en- 
graver Ex.*35,35; n^'^IlD n5Ni^P 
work cf art v. 33; n\jinn ni^N^D 
works after a pattern lChr.28,19. — 

2) work, manufacture, thing made 
lij^ riJfi.^P work of leather, i. e. 
anything made of skinLev.13,48.— 

3) something acquired by work 
or business, goods, property Ex. 
22,7 a 10; henco also: cattle Gen. 
33,14; IS.15,19 (in the latter pas- 
sage the Eng. Bible renders n^K^D 

n^JK^O (c. mDN.^D) f. message 

^iN'7J3i'»'- w. one of the later proph- 
ets Mal.1,1. 

mh^ (from Kho) f- filling in, set- 
ting nx^a-'??; niae*'' fitted in 

their settings (of the eyes) Cant. 

^^3^0 (from ^^h ; pi. D''£'l3'pP) m. 

garment, clothes Zph.1,8; Ez. 16,1.8. 
]370 (.^n. from flJi? brick) m. 

brick-kiln 28.12,31 {Ktib ^S*??) ; 

Nah.3,14; in Jer.43,9 ace. some: 

Tht2 (from '-ha ; sf. ijl^p ; pi. W'^li 

a. ]^?p , c. ''pO) f. word, speech 

(onlypoef.) ijia'S-^jJ in^p his word 

was upon my tongue 28.23,2; T^^ 




C'^a I am full of words Jb.32,18; 
^55^2>q ]''^p ty.-'.-DK if thou hast 
words, answer me 33,32; hence: 
by-word, proverb n?I37 Crh \'1X1 
and I am their by-word Jb.30,9. 
n'?p Ch. (c. n^O , def. «ri^D ; pi. 
r!9 > c. •'^D, def. N^^O) /•. i; word, 
speech Dan. 7,28. — 2) command 
Dan.2,10. — 3) thing, matter Dan. 

T'pp see a'hp. 

i<1?jp (filling up, mound) pr, n. 1) 
a fortress in Jerusalem 2S.5,9.— 
2) a fortress in Sechem Jud.9,6. 

niTD (from n?^ salt) m. a salt- 
plant, sea-purslain (mentioned as 
food of poor people) Jb.30,4. 

?]1?D pf- »»• »*• i^ a person men- 
tioned in lChr.b,29.-- 2) another 
person Neh.10,5, for which t3''Sp 
12,14 {Km ■'Sl^a). 

n^l^'^a , nj"^!? (from ?1^D) /". king- 
dom', state r\2h}Sr\ 1322*0 the sta- 
tutes of the kingdomlS. 10,25 ;asa(J/. 
nyh^n 1^2; the royal city 2S.12, 
26; ^^'^^^'i^ K.p? the royal throne 
lK.1,46; T\^h^r\ 5^1t.the royal seed 
(i. e. royal line) Jer.4-l,li ^'^'^ 
n3l7P to administer the kingdom, 
to reign 1K.21,7. 

'i^'j'D Vr. n. see ^l-iQ 2. 

p't'D (from \h ; c. ji'jp) w. night- 
quarters, lodgings, inn, shelter 
Bx.4,24, more fully W' ]i'7p an 
inn of wayfaring men Jer. 9, 1; 
poet. fl2fp ]i7l3 the lodgings of its 

limit (i. e. the summit of Leba- 
non) aK.19,23, for which Is.37,24: 
l5fj? Diip the height of its sum- 

r\^12 (from \\b) f. 1) a lodge, hut 
Is.1,8. — 2) hanging-bed, hammock 
(used as a protection against wild 
beasts) Is.24,24. 

ri7j3 I- to rub small, to reduce to 
dust (Kal not used). 

Niph, rh^\ prop, to be rubbed 
small, to be pulverised, hence: 
to vanish in^pi ]|>^| D^DK* ''J for 
the heavens like smoke shall 
vanish away Is.51,6. 

php 11- {den. from n'7j9 ; fut. rHi\) 
to salt, to season Pl^ipn n^BS 
thou shalt season with salt Lev. 

Pu. n^ip (pt. n^t?P) to be salted, 
dpiced Ex.30,35. 

Hoph. n^an {inf. n"?.)??) to be 
rubbed with' salt finSorf nS n^Dn 
thou wast not salted at all Ez 

fb^ m. salt n'raa n^a to season 

- IV . - - T 

with salt Lev.2,13. The tasting 
of salt formed part of the cere- 
mony at the conclusion of an 
alliance, hence: PITD n^"!2 a cove- 
nant of salt (i. e. a sacred and 
Inviolable league) Num. 18, 19; 
nb? V^X to sow with salt, i. e. to 
make barren (like a salt steppe) 
Jud.9,4!); rho i^Vi a pillar of 
salt (into which Lot's wife was 
turned) Gen. 19,26; VtyQ niap salt- 




pit, salt-mine Zph.2,9. — n^l9 
occurs in several compound geo- 
graphical names; see \i , D^ , T^ 
and hp} . 

Pl^P Ch. m. salt Bzr.4-,U; 6,9. 

f]^J2 Ch. to eat salt {coupled with 
the noun nSi?) nSo""'! '^Sfj"''! 
J^jrivD t<^?''n because we have 
eaten the salt of the palace (i. e. 
eaten the king's bread) Bzr.4,14. 

ntiO (from n5?a 1.; only pi. D''IiSd) 
m. prop, something rubbed to 
pieces, hence: rag, tatter Jer.88, 
11 a. 72. 

D^O (ace. Ges. den. from nbp. in 
the signification: sea-salt, sea) m. 
seaman, mariner Jon.}.,5; pi. sf. 

oq\n^p Ez.27,9. 

nnt'ii f- a salt steppe Jb.39,6; 

coupled with fix a salt land, 

i. e. a barren land Jer.17,6; Ps. 

nDnt>p (from nnS II. ; c. t\Qrf7P , 

If.'inrirhn ; pi. nton^p , c. niDq^i?) 

f. war, fight, battle Is.2,4; poet. 
weapon of war Ps.76,4; more fully 
nnnSD ■'S? instruments or weap- 
ons of war Jud. 18,11; HDn^a ti'''N 
warrior lS.16,18. also enemy Is. 
41,12) with the genitive of the 
enemy: n^r^ '•yn Mi DC]'? 9 ^''i} 
11?J11D. Hadadezer was the man 
of the wars of Toi, i. e. he had 
been engaged in wars with him 
28.8,10; ^^l?D/'9 ^''5 the house of 
my war, i. e. with which I wage 

war 2Chr. 35,21; nSU^ nittn'pD 
battles of shaking (i. e. battles 
in which the arms are swung for 
the purpose of striking) Is 30,32; 

rri^) DV nanba tjis? ,r\m to 

make war with Gen. 14,2 a. 8- 
u2^ to smooth, to be smooth, slip- 
pery (Kal not used). 

Niph. dSi?^ {fwt. D.'jffi; ; pt. bSoJ ; 
inf. £D.7an) to slip away, to escape 
(with "^S) 18.27,1; hence: to de- 
liver oneself ib., or save oneself 
(with ]I5) Bc.7,26; sometimes also: 
to get away, to hasten away IS. 

Pi. B.^a (fut tD.^a; ; pt tD^DD ; 
imp. HByD; inf. tO.^O) 1) to deliver, 
to save 28.19,10; ti.^D itl'y he 
would have delivered his soul 
Ez.33,5.— S) to lay (eggs) Is. 
34,15 (comp. Eiph.2). 

niph. ta^^pri l) to deliver Is. 
31,5.— 2) to be delivered of, to 
bear Is.66,7, 

Hithp. D^Dnri {fvt. D^pn;) i) to 

escape "^i^ "tV^ HB^an^l' and 1 
am escaped with the skin of my 
teeth (i. e. I have barely saved 
my life) Jb.19,20.- 2) to escape, 
to leap out (of sparks) W ''TT'? 
1D?O0I sparks of Are leap out 

tD70 (prop, smoothing over) »». 

mortar, cement Jer.43,9. 
'n''\d:>12 pr. n. m. Neh.3,7. 

^ybt^ see ?]1^0 2. 




nh'bQ (from b^D) f. an ear (of 

grain) Deut.23,26. 
r'pP (prop. i)f. Hiph,. of {'I'j ; 2>?, 

Q^vb.1? , c. "'X'''?!?) m. 1) interpreter 
Gen.42,23. — 2) messenger, ambas- 
sador 2Clir.32,31.— 3) one who 
intercedes, an advocate f'Ss? ^jX^S 
an interceding angel Jb.33,23. 

nr'Pp (from p^) f. 1) riddle, prov- 
erb Pr.1,6.— 2) satirical song, 
taunt Hab.2,6. 

Tl^D I. (akin to ?jK7 to minister; 
fut i\h^\ ; 'pt. rjSb ; iwp. ^"ja ; inf. 
^'Sd, ii%, sf. ia^D) prop, to ad- 
minister, hence; 1) to be king 2S. 
15,10.— 2) to reign, to rule (with 
h'i : over) Qen.37,8; IS.8,7. 
Hiph. Tji'jpri {fut. ':\'ht>l, ap. 

i2.Pl ; pt. T*?'?? ; inf r[''%d) to 
make king, to constitute as king 

Soph. tl2!?n to be made king 

Tj^p II. (= Ch. !I^.9) to counsel 
(Kal not used). 

Niph. r\ht?i (fut. ?]Sffl^) to take 
counsel, to consult ''^Sf la*? Tl'^B"! 
and my heart took counsel with 
me, i. e. I determined Neh.5,7. 

I^n (sf. ''3'?a, 13^5, D.??^?; pi. 
n'«?Sa, Pr.31, 3 p?Sp, 28. 11,1 
B''?N^P; c. la^a, sf ir^ip, D3\3'?P , 
0.??'5fQ, ?',9^l?) w. i; king,'ruier, 
prince Geii.14,2; ?iSd*|3 the son 
of a king, i. e. a king descended 
from kings Ps.72,1; ?I^.9n-J| the 
son of the king, i. e. a prince 

2S.13,4; of the king of Assyria; 
h'l'iri nhf^'n the great king 2K. 
18,19; of the king of Babylon: 
n'^php ri'319 the king of icings Ez, 
26,7^, 'of God: HiNi? ;■; 1\hl^rt the 
king, the Lord of hosts Is. 6,5, or 
niiSn 1\bp, the king of glory Ps. 
24,7.— 2) false god, idol (comp. 
tj^b) Am.5,26.— 3)pr. n. m. IChr. 
8/35; 9,41; also with art. ?]Sa3 

Tl^a Ch. (def K|^a ; pi. ]''?^a , Bzr. 
4,'l3 CS^a, def «»5Sa) m. king 
Dan.2,8;"7,l; of the king of Baby- 
lon: N^*3!?a T]'7.p king of kings Dan. 
2,37, and of Persia Bzr.7,12; of 
God: K^a?* tj^p the king of heaven 
Dan.4,34,'or'p'?a Nia Lord of 
kings 2,47. 

TT^O Ch. m. counsel, sf. ^ihtl Dan. 
4,24 (see 1\7^ II.). 

"n^D pr. n. Moloch, an idol of the 
Phenicians and Ammonites, to 
whom infants were sacrificed Lev. 
18,21; 2li.23,10. (Comp. also DS^p 
a. DsSa . ) 

nia'^D (from IdS) f. net, snare; 

sf. ^rT]|^a Jb.18,10. 
(15^(2 (pl- 'li^^if) T> queen Est.7,6; 

ni^Q Ch. (ie/-. Np|Sa) f. queeo 

Dan 5,10. 
nS'pp pr. H. f. Gen.11,29. 

Il^tip Ch. (c. ntt^a; <fc/-. NriiaSoj 
pi n;5'?a , (Ze/-. «ni;3^a) f i) kjag- 

dom, realm Dan. 2, 89 a. 44; aa 



adj.: royal IsSd fi^a the royal 
residence Dani,27; NHO'pa hyT} 
the royal palace v. 26.— 5^ reign, 
dominion 15^.141.% rilS^a the reign 
of Darius Ezr.4,24; Dan. 6,1; of 
the dominion of God Dan. 3,33. 

rP{:hD (from tlSfi) f. kingdom, 
kinghood, royal dignity lChr.29, 
25; Bst.4,14; as adj. D^Sd nri3 
royal crown Est.l,il; m5SD nan 
royal command v. 19; with omis- 
sion of the noun modifled: ^2hpn 
niaSD iriDtJ and Esther put on 
her royal apparel 5,1 (Stb.: and 
Esther attired herself in royal 
fashion, taking rilSyi? as adv.).^ 
2) kingdom, realm, state 2Chr.ll, 
17; pi. ni'?"?? Dan.8,22. 

7X''3t'0 !»■• «• "*. Gen.46,17) gent. 
■<'?K''37Ci Num.26,45. 

rT3^0 a. in>3'?D pr. n. m. of dif- 
ferent persons Jer.38,6; Ezr.10,25; 

0li~'3t'D i>»*- '*• "*• Melohizedek, 
king of Salem (Jerusalem) Gen. 

C^'S^O i»-- «• «*• lChr.3,18. 

3?^CJ^'3t'J3 K- ■»'■ son of Saul iS. 

DSt'Q P*"- *»• "*• ■^) a person men- 
tioned in lChr.8,9.— 2) an idol 
of the Ammonites (=^^9 ^' ^'^^^^ 

fib^D i"". M- an idol of the Am- 
monites (=r\i'q a. n|^D2) IK. 

Di^P C=n3^D) Z'. queen naSt? 
D^.D^n the queen of heaven 
(Phenician godhead, prob. As- 
tarte, i. e. the planet Venus) Jer. 

r\dyh , with art. nsSbiT pr, n. f. 

t't'O I. to speak, to talk (mostly 
poet; Kal not used). 

Pi. S^O (/Mf. 'j^.D|) to speak, to 
say n^.K-'?|en ]N-iy how long 
wilt thou speak these things? Jb. 
8,2; 39,3; D'i^ r^p^i'U .» ''^? ^9 
rrnl* who would have said . . ., 
Sarah shall give children suck? 

Po, '77.10 fig. to give a sign 
T'^J']? "r^iO vrva flip he wink- 
eth with his eyes, he speaketh 
(i. e, giveth a sign) with his feet 

hho II- (=''1'2) to circumcise, in 

- T 

Kal only imp. 'jjj Jos.5,2. 

Niph. h^i (fwt. hQ> , pi. ^h^l) i) 
to be cut off (others: to wither) 
i":^yp '7S\ hvQ12 from above his 
branch shall he cut off Jb.lJ,l6; 
iSa; nnnD T<Vn5 they shall soon 
be cut down like grass Ps.37,2.— 
2) to be circumcised, to circum- 
cise nsrhyj 1^2 ntj OB^'Qi} and 

ye shall circumcise the flesh of 

your forskin Gen.17,11 (=C 

Pu. SbiO (fid. ''.'p^tip to be cut 
off or down Ps.90,6. 

Hithp. hb^c^ri ifwt. hh'in:p to 
be cut i':>^'anV'io| v^n t;nT. 'when 

he bendeth his bow to shoot his 
arrows, let them (the wicked) be 
as cut in pieces Ps.58,8. 

hh^ Ch. onLy Pa. 'j.^O to speak, to 
say Dan.7,8 etc.; Dlf 770 to speak 
with, to say to Dan.6,22, 

'^i'P •P''- "• ™- Neh. 12,36. 

lC'?n (from laS) m. goad (an 
instrument for guiding oxen r'hile 
ploughing) 1[5.3n IdSd an ox- 
goad Jud.3,31. 

I'^O (= taSa) to be smooth (Kcd 
not used). 

Nifh. '('iPJ to be smooth, pleas- 
ant ^^p'lax ''3nS iv^prng how 

pleasant are thy words to my 
palate! Ps.119,103. 
'^^J'^iQ m. overseer (others: chief 

butler) at the Babylonian court 

Dan.1,11 a. 16. 
p7J2 (= Ch. jSp to piuck) to break 

ofT, to nip ofl" (the head of an 

animal; Lev.1,15-, 5,8. 
nIp'pD (from ni2^) m. 1) prey, booty 

the captives, and the prey, and 
the spoils Num. 3 1,1 2. — 2) du. 
D''iOp; 5 the two seizors, i. e. the 
jaws; only sf. ''nip^D pSlP "'Jiti'h 
and my tongue cleaveth to my 
jaws Ps.22,16. 
tt^lpt'D (from B'jjS) m. the latter or 
vernal T:ain Jwhlch /allci in Pal- 
«stin'3 in the month of ISisan be- 
fore the harvest) I)eut.]l,14; Jo. 
2,23; oftfin coupled with H'i^ the 



early or autumnal rain Deut.ll, 

14; Jer.5,24; poet, of eloquent 

speech Jb.29,23. 
D)nppD (from njjS) m. du. tongs, 

snuffers Is.6,6-, sf. Hinj:'?!? Num. 

nnn^tD (from nnS) f. wardrobe, 

dress-chamber 2K.10,22. 
Tl^iD pr. n. m. lChr.25,4. 

nirri^D (from yrh) f. prop, biter, 
grinder, hence: tooth; only pi. c. 
nij;'j;i'?0 Ps.SS,?; also with letters 
transposed nij^pnp (see nrpri?). 

ni^lSO (from 1U 1.; pi. n'i1.5Jpa) f. 
store-house, garnej Jo. 1,17. 

TDD (from TTD) m. measure, ex- 
tent; only pi. sf. ri'^^DD its mea- 
sures Jb.38,5. 

p^DD pr. n. one of the seven court- 
iers of Xerxes Est.1,14; v. 16 Ktib 

niDD (from DIO) m. death (others 
also: dead body, corpse); only 

pi. c. h^n \niDi? no; thou shait 

die the deaths of them that are 
slain Ez.28,8 (Puerst: anc" thou 
liest dead there like the corpse 
of one slain); SnP!^ D''K'7nri '•niaO 
they shall die deaths through 
diseases Jer.16,4.— n%'1^Dp 2K. 
11,2 Ktib for CinSID the slain. 
ITDD 'from ItD) m. 1) mongrel, 
a bastard I)eut.23,3.— 2) an alien 
liT^'^l "Itlpp J'i*;i and aliens shall 
dv/ell in Ashdoa Zch.9,6. 




13pa (from 130; c. ISDI? , «f. 

i-i3pi2)m.i;saiei"i|i?a njJT dn ny 

till the end of the year of his 
sale Lev.25,29; i"l|!?l? fjM the 
money (i. e. price) of his sale 
V. bO;pl, D'l^SpD that which comes 
of a sale n^it<n-Sy 1113IDQ liS 

TT - TT : • -: 

besides that which cometh of the 
sale of his patrimony Deut.18,8. — 
2) something for sale, thing sold, 
ware 1|Da llSpn ''?1 and if ye 
sell anything ' Lev.25,14:; ISiSH 
iW; iih '^^lpa^-'7^{ the seller shall 
not return to that which is sold 
Bz.7,,13; 1|P?"':'5 ''liai and sel- 
lers of all kind of ware Neh.13,20. 

niSpD f- sale 1S^ illSPP 1"l?|i: X'' 
they shall not be sold as the 
sale of a bondman (i. e. they 
shall not be sold as bondmen) 
Lev, 25,42. 

nibpe (from tl'zD; c. njSipa, sf. 

^nd^po ; ' pi. ninSpa , c. nia'rpp) 

f. 1) kingdom, reign lK.2,46; in 
the genitive case as adj.: T*?? 
n^^pffln the royal city Jos. 10,2; 
riD'^pp n^3 royal house, palace 
Am.7,13; i"'?'^'?'? *<!?? royal seat, 
throne Deut. 17, 18; HDSpp VIJ 
royal children 2K.11,1.— 2) king- 
dom, realm hvr\V^\ nsljPP the 
kingdom of Israel lS.24,29; A?^?? 
D''Jrt3 a kingdom of priests Ex. 
nO^PP (from ?l^a) f. kingdom, 
only c. niD^pD Jos.13,12; lS.15, 
28? J&i.26,l. 

^SDp, ■'la.O, ^?5 see |0. 

T[Dpp (from tjoa to mix) w. 1) 
mixed wine, spiced wine Pr.23, 
30.— 2) drink-offering, libation 
Is.65,11 (=nB,.^). 

lOO (from IID) m. bitterness, sot- 
row Pr. 17,25. 

KIDD !"■• «. Mamro, an Amorite 
who made a league with Abra- 
ham Gen. 14,13; NIPP ^^Ji'^'K the 
oaks of Mamre 13,18 or simply 
KtlPP Mamre 23,17, the name of 
a grove of oaks near Hebron. 

T1J2J3 (from TlD) m. bitterness, 
sorrow, only pi. D''i"ipp Jb.9,18. 

^{^*DU (from n2*D) m. anointing 
rjdiDn na^pp an? the anointed 
cherub that covereth Bz. 28, 14 
(Vulgate: extended and protect- 
ing cherub, taking here HE'D in 
the sense of nriO). 

7&*DD (from 7^*0) m. dominion, 

rule Dan.11,3; pi. D'''?B>pp con- 
cretly: princes, lords, rulers iChr. 
n'^^'DD (from 'jtJ'P; c. nSlJ^tia, sf. 
in'p^PP) f. 1) dominion, rule, 
reign Mic.4,8; of the sun: Tr^tith 
Di*n for the rule of the day (Jen. 
1,16; in^irpp {♦^K the land of his 
dominion lK.9,I9; pi. sf. VniVPt? 
his dominion Ps.114,2. — 2) con- 
cretely: princes, chief officers 
(accompanying the king on bis 
expeditions) 2Chr.32,9i pl.,r\'hvi^'(i 
rulers (of ■■the'tmoon and stars) 



Ps 136,9— 3) dominion, kingdom 
2K 20,13 
pB'Dip (from pty'D) m. possession; 
c.'Jnn ptt'PP possession of thorns, 
i. e. a place overgrown with thorns 
Zph.2,9 (comp. niB|-) tTlia 18,14,23). 

D'^jpflpD (from pQD) m. ^Z. sweets, 
sweet things i^Jl Ci^QlDD iSH 
2^10np his palate is full of 
sweets and every thing in him 
is lovely Cant.5,16i CMt^P l''?« 
D''i?ripn in^'1 eat fat things, and 
drink sweet things (i. e. sweet 
drinks) Neh,8,10. 

?0 m. manna (the wonderful nour- 
ishment of the Israelites in the 
desert),15 a. Num. 11,7; sf. 
?1JD Neh. 9,20. (The manna is 
probably the sweet resin, which 
in Arabia and other oriental re- 
gions exudes in the hot summer 
months, before sunrise, from the 
leaves of certain trees.) 

1S2 1 '15 Ch. 1) pron. interrogative: 
who? what? Dan 3,15; without in- 
terrogation Bzr.5,4. — 2) pron. in- 
definite : ^T]!? every one who , 
whosoever Dan.3,6. 

jD I. (from njQ ; sf. ^30) m. part, 
portion inSD D-'a^iND T|''5S5 ]wb 
that the tongue of thy dogs may 
have its portion from the ene- 
mies Ps.68,24. 

]P n. (=Syr. K|a hair) m. string; 
pi. O'i'a , also ^49 strings, stringed 
instrument Ps.l50,4) 45,9. 

JD (poet. "'.Jp, \4P; combined with 


other words "D , before gutturals 
-p; sf. ''ipp, poet. •'jP a. ^ 'JD ; 
TIPP , ;]pp", nsp , IJPP, poet. m6 ; 

DIP , IIP , nnp , poet. DHsp , |np , 

njnp) prep, which expresses: 
1) taking of a part out of a 
whole (partitive preposition), 
hence: of, some of 'i''n?p nj^ril 
and she took of the fruit thereof 
Qen.3,6; T'Vn iJi?tP of the eldeni- 
of the city R.4,2; Mn ]p hh;. 
and there fell some of the 
people 25.11,17; Drn-|p IK^ 
there went out some of the people 
Ex. 16,27; in^S riipiB*jp ^;p.f^ let 
him kiss me with some of the 
kisses of his mouth Cant. 1, 2; 
sometimes denoting possession: 
DTOI ''Jpp mp; ip "yyi whose word 
shall stand, of me or of them (i. e. 
mine or theirs)? Jer.45,28 — 2) 
removal from a place or things 
hence: out of, from nipan-|P N'Vni 
and she went forth out of the 
place R.1,7; ^"JVAP ^'I^D get you 
out of the way is.30,11; D^HS? D^P 
from sea to sea Ps 72,8; HK'jm Tjap 
from thee and farther (beyond 
thee) lS.20.22; often prefixed to ad- 
verbs of place and prepositions, as: 
D^P from there, thence; ]]t<p from 
where? whence? nip. risp from here, 
hence; i^5?? from about, round 
about; nSyp^P from above; HElO^p 
from below; "lAS^P , Sisp , nji.p 
from before; ''inKD from after. 
nyap from amid, from within; 
riKp , nrp from with; "jyp from 



above; rinflD from beneath; |^3!3 
from between; frequently after 
verbs implying cessation, ap- 
prehension, deprivation, etc.; nj^ 
.V'^P to cease from war Pr.20,3; 
a'^anp Xn;; he was afraid to look 
Ex.3,6; ''11? ^Vf look away from 
me Is.22,4; f|Sn.l ija-nO what will 
go away from me ? Jb.16,6; hence 
]I3 often gives an inf. a nega- 
tive meaning: that not ''ijllfsa'^ 
?]3"lS;jn^ Ti:!?^ tiV||D I have sworn 
not to be wroth with thee, noi* 
rebuke thee Is.54,9; in this sense 
a noun often occurs instead of 
the inf.: lf?M? Tp^^)! he hath re- 
jected thee, that thou shalt not 
be king IS. 15,23 (.= i\hl?'Q or 
?]^D nv^l?); 'T'VO 1D1D is deprived 
of being a city Is.17,1 (= ni\'^a 
"Tiy); once in a negative sense 
with a finite verb: |1Dlp^"|a that 
they rise not again Deut.33,llj 
D^ap Jb.11,15 without a blemish.— 
2) in relation to time it expresses: 
a) the initial point from which 
a thing takes place: from, since 
N"inn nrn ]a from that time forth 
Neh.13,21; tX"]a from that time 
forth, since then Jer.44,18; nPlWD 
from now, henceforth; "'113^49 from 
my childhood IS.12,2; ''S^? ]^30 
from my mother's womb, i. e. 
from my birth Jud.l6,17; VfiV? 
since his days, i. e. since the be- 
ginning of hie life IK.1,6; riJlftt 
'j^i'n from the beginning of the 
year of jubilee Lev.27,17, opposite 


of 'p.^i'n in« v. 18. h) the point 
at which anything takes place 
or from which it is continued. 
n^nED on the following day Gen. 
19,34; oSiJ/a from of old, i. e. a 
long time ago 18.42,14. c) closing 
point of time whence a thing 
sets out: after f pHJ? Di'^OI as a 
dream after one awaketh P8.73, 
20; n;Di*p after two days Hos. 
6,2; fiJ).!D after (at) the end of 
Gen.41,1; D''p*P after some days, 
i. e. in process of time Jud.11,4; 
D''2T Cfi^p after many days Jos. 

23,1; DT3P: ^'^^ ^*'^'' '^'■^^ 
months Gen. 38,' 24; D''!?; inD 
after many days Is. 24, 22.— 

3) ]P also expresses cause or 
ground, hence: because of, for 
030^ ;\ MDNa because the Lord 
lov'eth you' Deut.7,8; ''}.? DfinD 
rrjint for the violence against 
the children of Judah Is. 4, 19; 

Dni« inwts>Di ...nVD'' ^hsti be- 

cause of his inability... and be- 
cause of his hatred Deut.9,28; 
^iJVlP because I knew Is.48,4. — 

4) |tt is used to mark the com- 
parative and superlative degrees 
of adjectives: p^sp ii!D better 
than Balak^25; triip jplnn 
sweeter than honey 14,18; D^n 
"^iKj^P wiser than Daniel Ez.28,3: 
DS?n-'7|P n'a^ taller than any of 
the people lS.9,2; also with a 
verb Implying quality MISO '7'lil 
he shall be greater than he Gen. 
48,19; DniiSP in"'nt2*n they did 
worse than their fathers Jud.2, 




19; T^yfjl ^^P '"ISI! the journey 
is too long for thee Deut. 14,24. — 
5) in emphatic language ]D is 
preceded by *? (]P7 , "D? , "D7) : 
Qi>n"|57 since the day Jer.7,25; 
ShrnsJI ]b|?D'? from the small to 
the great 2K.23,2; p^nnO'? froin 
afar Jb.39,29. 

]p Ch. isf.'i^, ?i|D, nio, a|p, 

]injD) jjrep. from Dan.2,5; Bzr.4, 
21; on account of, because Dan. 
3,22; 5,19; D??^'|I? according to 
the order Ezr.6,14; 7,23; ^^p']^ 
of a truth, i. e. truly Dan.2,47; 
3''5fl"]D of certainty, i. e. certain- 
ly V. 8; ^i^'^Q from the side of 
one Bzr.4,12i D^i5-"1P from before 
Dan.2,18; lll^."]? from that time 
Ezr. i), 16; ^Tl? irom the time 
which Dan. 3,22; also used to 
mark the degrees of comparison: 

K"n-'7r]D ''3 ■'n''K-'«'i nasna in 

T— tI' • — ■ ■ t:t; 

wisdom that I have more than 
any living Dan.2,30; in a partitive 
sense: portion, part /HB iT pnilp 
15n "'1 pn??' a part of them was 
iron and a part of them clay 
^<3D Ch. see HJD. 

niNJD see WD. 

nySti^ (from pJ) /". song, satire 

rr^JO Ch. /•. tribute {=Ch. ^12). 

t; • '^' 

y;?:!? (=Heb. J/'ia, from j;np TO. 
j) knowledge Dan.2,21.— -3) un- 
derstanding Dan.4,81. 

nJO (akin to pD; /wt. nJDV, j)t. 
njiD ; iTOjj. ripD ; m/". riiJI?) prop, 
to divide, to separate, hence: 1) 
to appoint, to allot to (with ? ) 
i'ln'z DSriX ■'O''^?^ and I will ap- 
point you to the sword Is.65,12. — 
3) to number, to count Gen. 13,16; 
of the numbering of people 2S. 

Niph. n JDJ (/•«<. n^^i ; inf. nUen) 

to be numbered, reckoned Gen.13, 
16; Is.53,12. 

Pi. n|D (fid nJD^ , ap. |D^ ; imp. 
]D) 1) to appoint, to ordain, to 
allot (with h) Jb.7,3; Dan.1,5 a. 11; 
imvr. |D nD^l lep ordain that 
kindness and truth may guard 
him Ps.61,8. — 2) to prepare Jon. 

Pu. n|D (pt. nJDD) to be ap- 
pointed, to be set over (with bV) 
njp a. «jr? ^pt. p. WD) Ch. to 

number Dan.5,26i ^pPi NJl? W.!? 
]''pTB1 numbered, numbered, 
weighed and divided Dan.5,25. 

Pa. ''i'D to appoint, to set over 
(with Ss?) Ezr.7,25; Dan,2,49. 

nJO (from niD ; c. DJ? ; pi. niJD) 
Z'. part, portion, present Ex.29,26; 
especially of food lS.1,5; vhf 
niJD to send portions (from a 
feast) Neh.8,10; Est.9,19; fig. nJI? 
Tin? the portion of thy measure 
(i. e. the lot apportioned to thee) 

nJD (from nJD ; pi. D'^JD) m. maneh, 


39 i 


a weight of 60 sacred shekels 
Bz.45,I2 or 100 common shekels 
IK.10,17 a. 2Chr.9,16. 

rUD (from nJD) m. unit of numher: 
time; only pi. O^iQ rq^V. ten 
times Gen.SU a. 41. 

jnJD (from Jnj ; c. jnjD) m. driv- 
ing (of achariof) 2K9,20; in mod- 
ern Hebrew Jn;i? ipl. d''Jnj_D) ^gr. 
conduct, custom, usage. 

mn^b (ace. Puerst from "IHJ to 
shine; only pi. nilHjp) f. prop, 
light-hole, hence: cleft, hole, re- 
cess, den Jud.6,2. 

113D (from TIJ ; c. liJI?) m. a nod- 
ding, shaking Q''l3t<^3 tJ^NI niil? 
a shaking of the head (i. e. an 
object of derision) among the 
people Ps.44,15. 

nl30 (from m) m. 1) rest, repose 

-IT I 

nija WVD to find rest Is.34,14; Lam. 
1,3; "? D^J? ^p.ri to seek rest for 
one, i. e. to provide for R.3,1; pi. 
sf. ■'Jin^Jl? Ps. 116,7; concretely. 
a place of rest Gen.8,9; hence 
also: settlement, installation nijl3I2 
]ilKn after the ark had been 
settled lChv.&.,\f,.—2)pr.n. Manoah, 
the father of Samson Jud.13,2. 

nniip , nn^i? (sf. "'ogiap ; pi. nhiji?) 

f. 1) rest, repose lK8,56: hence: 
means of giving repose 2S.14,7.— 

2) quiet, stillness, peace t5'''K 
nnijp a peaceful man lChr.22,9; 
niniia ■'D still waters Ps.23,2.— 

3) resting-place, refuge ninijt? 
Pii^SS' quiet resting-places Is 32, 

18; nniitp "1^ master of quarters 
for rest, quartermaster Jer.5],59 
(Bng. Bible: a quiet prince). 
)1J0 (ace. older Jewish interpreters 
= ]''} , from ]U) m. offspring, child 

;ij$ r\^\ ^nnnb'i "nys ^v'sa pisa 

if any one delicately bringeth up 
his servant from childhood, he 
will at length become as his 
child Pr.29,21 (Vulgate: he will 
be refractory; ace. Stb. ]ijD is 
from nJD 'present' with sf. ]i" and 
signifies: beggar, parasite). 

DUO (from WJ; sf. ^pUP) m. 1) 
flight, escape DIjD DIJ to take 
flight Jer.46,5; "jisa^Dija n^N? es- 
cape shall vanish even from the 
swift Am.2,14. — 2) way of escape, 
means of escape Jer.25,35; Jb. 
11,20.— 3) place of flight, refuge 
Ps.142,5; fig. of God 2S.22;3; Jer. 

HDIJO (c. nOJO) f. flight Is.52,12; 

T ; 

■S^D'riDJD as fleeing from the 
sword liev. 26,36. 

TiJO (from -\M II.; c. liJO) m. prop. 


plough-share, hence; beam liJO 
Q''}'}'\ii a weaver's beam IS. 17,7. 

niljp , nn:p (from lu i.; c. nnjp; 

p?. nilJO) f. candlestick Bx.35,14. 
"ITiQ (comp. 1.!.?) »n. one crowned, 

t: ■ "' ' 

a prince; only pi. sf. ^13^9 thy 
crowned ones Nah.3,17. 

njD in Ar. to give, to bestow, 
whence the next word. 

nnja (.<>. nwn, sf. ^onjo,- pz. rtma. 




c. ninJI?) f. 1) present, gift Gen. 
33,10.— 2) offering to God, sacri- 
fice Gen.4,3; Is. 1,8; applied es- 
pecially to bread and drink of- 
ferings Lev.2,l;6,7, different from 
n a.J Ps.40,7; Tiann nnjO the con- 
tinual (i. e. morning and evening) 
offering Neh.10,34; n'lS? nnjO the 
evening sacrifice Dan.9,21i Bzr. 
9,4.— 3) tribute 2K.17,4. 

nnjD Ch. f. present, offering Dan. 
2,46; Ezr.7,17. 

Dnjp pr. n. king of Israel 2K.15,17. 

nnJD 1) pr- n. m. Gen. 36,23.— 2) a 


place in Benjamin lChr.8,6 = ^VD 
ninJBn , which see. 

^JD (from nJO to allot, to destine) 
f. destiny, fate (designation of a 
Babylonian deity, prob. Venus, 
which the Babylonians consider- 
ed the goddess of fortune) Is. 

^50 i""- «• a province of Armenia 

"•JP 1) = C?? , see ]» II. — 2) iJD 
a. \jip poet, for ])3 from Jud.5,14; 

nrJO see n3!? . 

Cin see npa. 

a'«3p see |D II. 

n''iO see nJD . 

mia see ]^»>n I 

]*JP Ch. (from NJD ; c. ]y.B) w. 

number Ezr.6,17. 
IT'3D !"■• **• ^1 Ammonite city Jud. 

11,33, whence wheat was brought 
to Tyre Ez.27,17. 

n^JP (from r\hi; sf. D^^D) ace. 
Stb. upper extremity, top (of a 
tree) D^JP f^^^ Hf : nS their top 
sinketh not to the earth (because 
of the abundance of fruit) Jb. 

pD (akin to njD) to divide, to 
separate, whence |tt , ]P , D''|p. 


J?ja (/■«*. j;Jt?: ; pt. 'Sp i emp. yjl?) 
1) to withhold, to hold back, to 
refrain (usually with jD of the 
person or thing) DSD J^jDN'X? 
"liT I will not withhold a word 
from you Jer.42,4; Tjina n|^J13^1 
ian and he will hold it back 
within his palate Jb.20,13; ^V^Q 
■ipIP ?l7ip refrain thy voice from 
weeping Jer.31,15; of the flow 
of a river: to restrain, to bar 

^^!5'^DJ V^^\ I restrained its 
rivers Ez.31,15.— 2) to withdraw, 
to prevent (with |tt) ''^WD "1B*N. 
TjriK yina who hath withdrawn 
me from injuring thee IS.25,34; 
DJp lain yjb who withdraweth 
his sword from blood Jer.48,10.— 
3) to keep back, to refuse DKJIS 
CLVJP"''^ VriS^ the request of his' 
lips thou hast not refused Ps. 
21,3; D3p ilDD ^J?J» they have 
kept back (refused) what is good 
from you Jer.5,25; ^ap "'^rjpj nS 
he will not keep me back from 
thee (i. e. net refuse to give me 

to thee) 28.13,13; seldom with b 
of the person: W'phhh ilD J?Jt?7N'^ 
D"'l?n3 he will not refuse any 
good to those that walk with 

Mph. yi1?i (fut. P:B''J 1) to be 
withtield, restrained C^l'i^T 1j;j|.'j! 
the showers have been with- 
holden Jer.3,3; with ^ of the 
person. DniK n''V^10 V^''^. and 
from the wicked their light is 
withholden Jb.38,15.— 2) to keep 
oneself back, to be prevented 
from (with -jl?) ^"^QD J^JBn SrSx 
V?S pray, do not keep thyself 
back (or: do not suffer thyself 
to be prevented) from coming 
unto me Num.22,16. 

b\]jyQ (from hvr) m. bolt, bar, 
lock Neh.3,3; h^y^m niS3 the 
handles of the lock Cant.5,5. 

bV^Dm. bolt, bar t='?irJO; others: 
shoe) Deut. 33,25. 

arp (from nrj) w. only pi. D''13WD 
delicacies, dainties Ps.141,4. 

□"•rirJO (from yijl) pi. m. sistrum, 
rattle (musical instrument) 2S.6,5. 

n''j3jp (from np^l; only^pJ. W|?Jt?, 
sf. Vn^'iiiJl?) f. bowl for Libation, 
sprinkling-vessel Ex.25,29; Jer. 

npjp (=ni?4''P) see pj;-ffiA 

n^JO pr> n, 1) son of Joseph, 
adopted by Jacob Gen.48,5; also 
name of the tribe descended from 
him Num.2,20, whose territory 
was partly beyond and partly 



on this side the Jordan Jos. 
17,5; pair. ^^Xi Deut.4,43.— 2) a 
king of Judah, son of Hezekiah, 
and notorious for his idolatry 
2K.21,l. — 3) name of several 
other persons Jud.l8,30;Bzr.lO,30 
a. 33. 
njp (from m» ; pi. ni^^p , niXJI?) f. 

part, portion 2Chr.31,4:; Neb.l2,47j 
(Tlinn riiWi? the portions accord- 
ing to the law v. 44; fig. DJIS 
Dv^f^ the portion (prey) of foxes 
P8.63,"ll; DDia riJD the portion of 
their cup (1. e. the lot assigned 
to them) Ps.11,6. 

DD (from DD^) m. one pining, one 
afflicted non inUID DsS to him 
who is afflicted kindness is due 
from his friend Jb.6,14. 

Da (from DDO ; pi. DiDD) m. tribute, 
tax Bst.10,1; usually: a tributary, 
bond-servant DD^ rPH to become 
tributary Lam.l,l•,^iJ^ DD a serv- 
ant unto tribute Gen.49,15; ^^^ 
CDD service-masters, task-mas- 
ters Bx.1,11. 

:3Dp (from 530 ; sf. i3l?!3) m. 1) 
circle, company (the divan of 
the orientals) i^pD^ tl'?.l|n the 
king in his circle Cant.1,12 (Eng. 
Bible: at his table). — 2) pi. en- 
virons D7^'11V-?P? the environs 
of Jerusalem 2K.23,5; hence as 
adv.: round about IK.6,29. 

n3D0 (= ^'Q'Q •2; only pi. ni3DD) 
adv. round about t]SnriO ni3DD 
VnSianr)? it is turned round 
about by his guidance Jb.37.12. 




"TSDO (from "IJD) m. 1) locksmith 
2k.24,14; Jer.24,1 (in both pas- 
sages in a collective sense: lock- 
smiths). — 2) prison (prop, en- 
closing) Is.24,22; Ps.142,8. 

n^Spa (from *1JD ; sf. WniplS ; pi. 
n1"i5pD) f. stronghold, fortress 
28.22,46; Mic.7,17.— 2) margin, 
border, ledge (around a table) 
Ex.22,25.— 5) enclosed panel IK. 

*TDD (from TD^) m. foundation, 
ground IK.7,9. 

llT^pS (from IID) m. row of col- 
umns, colonnade, portico Jud.3,23. 

nOD (akin to DDD) to melt, to flow 
{Kcd not used). 

I mph. noon (^pi. vppn for »i?n 

Jos.14,8; M. nep^l, sf. DD9>, kp. 
D Q \) to cause to melt, to cause 
to flow, to dissolve (snow, ice) 
Ps.147,18; HBDN •'2>n^ WPIJS with 
my tears I make my couch to 
flow 6,7; fig. with 3"; to cause the 
heart to melt, i. e. to make it 
timid Jos.14,8. 

nOO (from npJ ; c. flDD ; pi. rf&O) 
f. 1) trial, temptation, testing 
Deut.6,10; 7,19; P8.95,8.— 2) trial, 
suffering Jb.9,23. — 3) pr. n. a 
place in the desert Bx.17,7. 

nap (= DO ; e. nDQ) f. tribute, gift 
T]T naiJ riD!? with a tribute of 
a freewill offering of thy hand 
Deut.16,10 (ace. Ges. riDQ is con- 
tracted from nD3D , c. flBD signi- 

fying: according to the number, 

i. e. according as). 
mpD (from njD) m. covering, veil 

T\ya2 (for njlE^a from ?I^B>) /l 

thorn-hedge Mic.7,4. 
HDD (from flDJ to remove) »t. prop. 

a removing, hence: relieving 

non n;an nnsti>D-n« npiaa^i and 

ye shall keep over the house a 
relieving watch 2K. 11, 6 (Eng. 
Bible,, with Eimchi : keep the 
watch of the house, that it be 
not broken down, reading riDDIJ), 

inca (from inO; c. inDO) m. 
trade, traffic lK.10,15. 

"HDO (akin to JL^ ; inf. ?]bD) to 
mix, to mingle Ps. 102,10; parti- 
cularly of the mixing of wine 
with spices Is.5,22: Pr.9,2; fig. of 

Egypt: niviv nn nanp? rjoa ;^ 

the Lord had mixed in the midst 
of her a spirit of perverseness 

TIDO »»• mixture, mixed wine Ps. 

TTDO (from ?]3D ; c. TlDD) m. cover- 
ing, curtain, hanging nn^S ?]Da 
7pj<n a hanging for the door of 
the tent Ex.26,86; tlgsn ns'ns the 
vail of the covering 35,12; fig. 
nnn^. tlDD n« 'jJJI and he laid 
open the covering of Judah [i. e. 
exposed him to reproach) ls.22,8. 

niSD I. (from ^w 1; c. naoa ; pi. 

niDDD) f. 1) melting, fusion of 




metals ilSgD liV & molten calf 
Ex.32,4; HDDD ''^'7^ molten gods 
34,17) also alone: a molten image 
Deut.9,12. — 2) pouring out, hence 
ace. Ges.: covenant, league (made 
with libations) ^h\ nogD 1\Dih) 
"'TVil and that make a leg,gue, but 
not of my spirit Is.30,l (Eng, 
Bible: and that cover with a 
covering, etc.). 

riDBD H- (from t]DJ II.) f. covering, 
vail nsiDJn nSDSn the vail that 
Is spread Is. 25,7; nri HSBSn 
DJSrii?? the covering is too nar- 
row to wrap himself in 28,20. 

n3pO (from ri5D) f. covering 'h^ 
JlJiSpCj npi^.'; I^K. every precious 
stone was thy covering Bz.28,13. 

]3pP (from }5b II.) m. poor, needy 

mSpQ (from pD II.) f. poverty, 
neediness Deut.£,9. 

n33pP (from PD I.; only j)?. 
"nij3p!2) ; f.' 1) storing, laying up 
n1J5pl? "iiy cities for storing pro- 
visions Ex.1,11 (Eng. Bible: trea- 
sure cities"!.— 2) store - house, 
magazine 2Chr.32,28- 

n^BD (from rjOi II.) f. the warp of 
a web Jud.16,14. 

n'j'PP (from "^^D : c. n^pJJ ; pi. 
ni'?pO) f. 1) road, way, highway 
lS.6,i2; Is.40,3; of the paths of 
the stars Jud.5,20; fig. of the way 
of life Pr.16,17.— 2) staircase, 
stairs, (= D^P) 2Chr.9,ll. 

b'^UI^ (from hho) m. road, way, 

highway l8.35,8. 
1DDD (from IDD) m. nail; only^Z. 

nh?PO Is.41,7, ni1!?pO Jer.10,4 
(Be. 12,11 niinifD), also n"'^ppD 
lChr.22,3 a. nin^pD 2Chr.3,9 

ODD (Mf- PP?) to melt, to dissolve, 
to perish DQU D0&3 as the sick 
man perisheth (pineth away) Is. 
10, 18 (Eng. Bible: as when a 
standard-bearer fainteth ; ace. 
others = DDJ PBI?? as eaten by 

Nijph. DD3 (once D13| Ez.2M2, 
-^ D0| , 3 pi. ffipj ; /■«*.'' Dffi^. , also 
DKDYjb.7,5, P?.^B,Q:, also IDSSJ 
Ps.58,8; inf. PSH) to melt, to dis- 
solve, to perish 1PCJ JJi'lS D''"in 
the hills melted like wax Ps.97,5; 
Is.34,3; fig. of bonds: to be loos- 
ened Jud.15,14; of the heart: to 
melt, to become timid Jos.7,5, or 
to despond, Ps.22,15M)*. DDi weak, 
light lS.15,9. 

Biph. DDH to make faint, to 
discourage Deut.1,28. 

J^Ej, Vm (from V^i; pi. CVBO, 
c. "'i'.P5) *>*■ jC departure, journey 
Gen.13,3; Num.33,1.— 2) the set- 
ting forward niJD.Sn'n^: ^PS"? 
for the setting forward of the 
camps jSlum.10,2. — 3) the break- 
ing loose, quarrying Txdl^ ]3(? 
J^DD stones whole from the quarry 
lK.b,7 (comp. 5,31).— 4:} dart, 
arrow Jb.41,18. 

lS?pD (from ngD) m. support, bill- 

"Tfipa 396 

listrade lK.10,12, lor which the 
parallel passage 2Chr.9,ll has 

TSDO (from 1ED; c. lEpD; af. 
'nspp) m. mourning, lamentation 
Gen.50,10; Mic.1,11; Ps.30,12. 

NiSDO (fromNSD) m. fodder, prov- 
ender Gen.24,32. 

nnepp (from nSC) /■. j; scurf, 

scab Lev. 13,8.— 5^ kerchief, cape; 
others: cushion; pi. DlPliSp!? Bz. 
*lSpp (from ISp; c. IBDO ; sf. 
D5"]Spa , D13Da ; j)i. c. •'ISpO) TO. 
i; number Ex. 16, 16; Num. 1,2; 
sometimes ploonastically with 
numerals, as ISpa J/31N'1 D^B^r 
twenty-four in number 28.21,20; 
ISpO ]''« without number, in- 
numerable Qen.41,49; contrarily 
'iSpp signifies: what can be num 
bared, countable, i. e. few Is 
10,19; 13pp Dip; a few days Num, 
9,20; "iSpb inp few men Gen.34, 
30; Deut.4,27;' in Deut.33,6 ^nil 
nspp T'np a negative is implied 
and it is to be rendered: let not 
his men be few; lepOl Num.23, 
10 ace. sofflp = ISD ^Dl . — 3) 
telling, narration Jud.7,15 (comp. 
ISp P?.).— 3) pr. n. TO. Bzr.2,2 
= n.tjgpp Neh.7,7. 

mSDD !"■. «■ TO. see 1BD0 5. 
viv : • T : • 

Ipjp (2«/' "IpP) to give, to commit 

^15 ^yD'lpa? to commit trespass 

against the Lord Num.31,16 (in 

Rabbinical literature IDtt to de- 


TT : " 

liver, to hand, to give up, to 
betray; JTIDD tradition; pt. *1p.D 
traitor, denunciator) 

Niph. IDOJ (fut. Ipaj) to be de- 
livered, given (of recruits for 
military service) Num.31, 5. 

"1D0 (from 'IDJ!) to. admonition, in- 
struction Jb.33,16. 

ri'lfaO(=n;jfaK.P, from 1p«) /: a 
bond n''':i|n niDD the bond of the 
covenant Ez.20,37. 

"llriDD (from "irip) to. hiding-pls^e 
covert Is. 4,6. 

li^pp (from inD ; pi. OnripP) m. 
hidden place, hiding-place Is. 
45,3; Ps.10,9. 

naro (from 15? ; pi. sf. Drinava) 

TO. work, doing Jb.34,25; also Ch. 

n::ro (from nyj- c. n^yp) m. 

density, compactness n5SfP3 
il^l^? in the compactness of the 
earth (1. e. in the compact, clayey 
soil) IK.7,46. 
lira (from liV ; c. "Ijyp) m. 1) a 
passing over, passage 15??.P S'S 
nipID nap at every passage of 
the appointed staff Is.30,32.— 2) 
place of passing, hence: a) a ford 
p31 -las^p the ford Jabbok Gen. 
32,23. I) a mountain-pass "lilfa 
K'Dpp the pass of Michmash IS. 

niira (= i?y.p ; pi. riiiasjp and 

niiav? , e. nn?ya) Z'. passage, 
ford, pass Jud.l2,5; lS.14.4; Is. 
10,29; 16,2. 


^|rO (from biy ; c. bm ; i^?. c. 
■•^.I^O i sf. Tlib|V? , more fre- 
quently 'r|''|liS^V?) tn. 1) circle, 
ring, round camp lS.26,5.— 2) 
path, way; fig. pi:^"''!^^V« the 
paths of righteousness Ps. 23,3; 
17,5; Pr.5,21. 

"irO (At*. 1S?J?1 ; pt. nyitS) to wa- 
ver, to totter, to slip Ps.26,1; 
7^.1 ''lylD whose feet waver Jb. 

Pu. 1JJ0 to be made to waver; 
only ft. f. ril5?1D hy\ a wavering 
foot Pr.25,19 C= n^iyiDl? ; ace. 

Ges. niriD is for finyia vt- of 


Hiph. 1^ri?n {imp. ii?pn) to 
cause to waver or slip, with 
nijna Ps.69,24; <5155?.D1 Ba.29,7 
ace. Puerst for J5"!??9D3 • 

nS^D !"■• w. iM. Bzr. 10,34. 

.T'TrO i)*". «. «*• Neh.12,5 = nprlD 
V. 17. 

]lpQ (from ]13J ; only pi. CJ^l!? , 
""o'^liaO, c. ''Aiya and DiJI^) m. 
1) delicacy, dainty Gen.49,20; Jer. 
51,34; Lam. 4,5.— 2) delight, 
pleasure ?r.29,17; as adv. niJiy.D 
with delight, cheerfully lS.15,32. 

n3Tl^l2 (by transposition == nn JSja . 
^from tiV) f. fetter, band miVJi 
HD''? the fetters of the Pleiades 
Jb. 38, 31 (parallel to ni3?*iD). 
Ace. Kimchi here belongs the 
adv. r\'ti1VJi IS. 15,32, which is to 
be rendered: in fetters; but see 
under \1V.^- 

397 Tl>'^ 

T^S?0 (from IISJ) m. weeding-hook, 
hoe Is.7,25. 

nrp (from nVD; only pi. D''V??, c. 
"iJJD , sf. Tl'^rO , DD''????) m. 1) the 
bowels, intestines 28.20,10; 2Chr. 
21,15; Jon.2,1; in a wider sense: 
a) the body, the womb ''aX ''iJI?'? 
from the bowels, i. e, the womb, 
of my mother Is.49,1; ...\yi?!? NV; 
to come forth out of the bowels 
of.., i. e. to be begotten of...; 
•lyaa nV5 ''!? nij^n are there yet 
any more sons in my womb ? 
R,l,ll. b) the belly (externally) 
Gant.5,14. c) the inmost part of the 
body, as the seat of the emotions: 
in/lT ''5?D my bowels, i. e. my 
inmost parts, boiled Jb. 30, 27; 
17 ^5?D ^DH my bowels are troubled 
for him Jer.31,19. d) the heart, 
as the seat of understanding: 
lyffl Tjina Tjnnin thy law is within 
my heart P8.40,9.— 2) pi. D'lyp, 
(c. D'^VP) fig. of the bosom of the 
sea: TiniJ^D? TT'2;D ''KYfJVI ace. 
Ges.: and the offspring of thy 
bowels like the oflspring of its 
bowles, i. e. numerous as the 
offspring of the sea (the fishes) 
Is.48,19 (Bng. Bible ace. ancient 
interpreters: like the gravel there- 
of; the Targ. renders TiniJ^DS 
'particles' ClTnS), meaning grains 
of sand). 

3'ij;f3 (= mV) m- cake IK.17,12; 
Jiya •'JSJ'? Ps.35,16 see under ivb . 

I'iVO , »V? (from W , tl? ; sf. •'MJ/D 
a.^MVO; pl- CJ??- c- W^; once 


pi sf. n^.;tvo is.23,11 for nnvo) 

m. prop, strength, force, hence; 
fortified place, fortress Jud.6,26; 
(ij?0 nr fortified cities Is.17,9; 
of Tyre: D^H tJ^O the fortress of 
the sea 23^4; fig. of God: ri?.S?a 11X 
the rock of thy strength Is.17,10; 
CJVip d'^.^. the God of forces (a 
Syrian deity) Dan. 11,38. 

IjlJ/D pr- n. see n21?D .8. 

|1:;a I- (from ]^V;c. ]'<Vi^, sf. ijij^p) 
TO. dwelling, habitation Zph.3,7; 
of the habitations of wild beasts; 
a lair Jer.9,10; Nah.2,12; of the 
heavens as the dwelling-place of 
God: n:D|'n-]D ?1^7g |1::;i3p from 
thy holy habitation, from heaven 
Deut.26,15i fig. of God: refuge Ps. 
71,3; 90,1. 

]1J?S3 II. pr. n, 1) a male person 
mentioned in lChr.2,45. — 2) a 
city in Judah, near Carmel Jos. 
1S,55; in its vicinity was the 
desert ]^V^ 1310 IS.23,24.- 3) 
]i^D Jud.10,12, pi. CJiya 2Chr. 
26,7 (= Ktib n^rrO lChr!4,41), a 
tribe in Arabia Petraea, where 
yet at the present day there 
exists a town Maan, to the south 
of the Dead Sea. 

]1J?P (= PJ"?) «*. habitation of 
heaven; occurs in the pr. n. 7^3 
)yp (a place in Reuben) Num. 
32,38, which is abridged from 
\Syq hv^ n\3 Jos.13,17, abridged 
again into |^VD rT'a Jer.48,23, and 
contracted into |iJ/3 Num.32,3. 



ml^/'P , njVl? (= jiJ^D I.) f. habita- 
tion Jer.21,13; of the habitations 
of wild beasts: lair, den Cant. 
4,8; of the dwelling-place of God 
Ps.76,3; fig. of God: refuge nlyq 
QtlR. ''d'^^ the eternal God is thy 
refuge Deut.33:2T. 

D''J^J?P pr. n. 1) male person men- 
tioned in Bzr.2,50 a. Neh.7,f)2.— 
2) see l'')}^ II. S. 

■•rilJlVP pr. n. TO. lChr.4,14. 

tl!|j;0 (from f\^y II. ; c. f\\V^) to. 
darkness, gloom T\p\'i ^V^ dark- 
ness of oppression Is.8,22. 

*11;?0 (from -i\V II. = .Tir) TO. na- 
kedness; only pi. sf. DH^'liJ^D 
their nakedness Hab.2,15. 

nnro, inns; a pr. %. m. Neh.10,9; 

tDI^O if-ut. tD5?0>. ; inf IsVD) In Ar. 
to scrape off, hence: 1) to be pol- 
ished, sharpened, see tSJ^D . — 2} 
to be lessened, diminished Ps.107, 
39; Pr.l3,U; hence: to be or be- 
come little, few n\2r\ Drc^.-QKI 
n^D nivno and if the house be 
too little for the lamb Ex.12,4; 
QiJf n taVa ••fjS according to the 
fewness of years Lev. 25,16. 
Pi. W'a to become few Ec.12,3. 

Hiph. ja-iyDn (fut. D"'Sfi5: ; pt. 

tO''SJ;?Q) 1) to diminish Lev.26,22.— 
2) to make few, to bring to nought 
Jer.10,24.— 3) to do anything in 
a slight degree (the action being 
imulied by the context) t]S-'''?K.B* 




't; - 

^tJ''SJ!?n b^ ...C^S borrow thee 
vessels... do not borrow few 2K. 
4,3; C^^n nip. tlDK D''VI?§n he 
who did (i. e. gathered) little 
gathered ten homers Num. 11,32; 

ta-'Viiani ng^sn iapb.ii and they 

gathered, some more, some less 
Ex.16,17; T'p.nO «':' ^^VQJ^U) and 
he that gathered little had no 
lack V. 18. — 4) to give little 
t2''SJDl »h bin the poor shall not 
give less Bx.80,15i tS^SJian Woh) 
In'^n^ and to few thou shalt give 
the less inheritence Num. 26,54. 
^1?P , ^ t2J?P (from tDS?13) m. prop. 
a scraping, hence: 1) fewness, a 

little 7\h n;n *^e*^| tis?? it was 

little that thou hadst Gfen.80,30i 
in connection with another noun, 
tDJJD either precedes it in the 
construct state, as 73N £31?p a 
little food Gen,48,2, or is put in 
the genitive, as: tDSJD ^HD men of 
fewness, i. e . few men Deut.26,5. — 3) 
as adv. a little, not much nri.??* nj 
tsyp n.^an she tarried in the 
house but little R.2,7; £Di?l? nij; 
yet a little while, i. e. soon Ex. 
17,4; in a strengthened sense liy 
lyrp DS?0 yet a very little while 
Is!io,25i '£3S?1? t25?9 little by little, 
i. e. by degrees Ex.23,30; with |p 
of the person D5P t35?pn is it 
little for you? (is it not enough?) 
Num.16,9; tllW^IQ? BiJpn did you 
have little of thy whoredoms? 
(were thy whoredoms not enough?) 
Ez.lC,20; ayps nearly, almost: 

•"Sp VD^ tD??03 my feet were al- 
most moved' Ps. 73,2; l^JTaypj 
but for a little moment Is. 26,20; 
Bzr.9,8; ...^ tora? but little that, 
scarcely Cant.3,4. — 5jas adj. small, 
few Num.26,54; pi Qiisya Ps.l09, 
8; Bc.5,1. 
tarO (from arD 1) adj. whetted, 
sharp; only f. narp Ez.21,20. 

ni3l?B (from nar ;' c. narp) »». 

garment, covering Is.61,3. 
nSaS^O (from fpV ; only pi. niStSlJD) 

f. cloak, mantle Is 3,32. 
^JfQ pr. n. m, Neh.12,36. 

~ T 

■"S^P (from nir , same as li?) m. 
heap njSp ''VP heap of ruins Is. 

b'^V'Q (from S^D ; s/". '''?''IJp , I'^iyp ; 
^?. D''7^VP) m. upper garment, 
cloak, robe TiS^n rV'O the robe 
of the ephod(a sleeveless garment 
worn by the high-priest under 
the ephod) Bx.28,31; of the robes 
of kings' daughters 2^.13,18; iig. 
^yav\ np;iV S^VP he hath covered 
me with the robe of righteous- 
ness is.61,10; nwp. '?''i;a3 tosji^ 

and he wrapped himself with zeal 
as with a cloak 59,17; so also 
of shame Ps. 109,29. 
Qil^P or du. DISJO see n^D. 

]''.yp Ch. du. belly; only p?. sf. iniSJD 

]''S?0 (ace. Ges. den. from |;r ; c. 
'^iiyp, jjoef. Ir.VP Ps.114,8; pi. 

n"irVP,c. '•r.i^p and nij;ve, & 




nij^.Sjp) TO. 1) fountain, spring, 

well Hos.l3,!5; IHIiTE*; |;V» they 

make it a well (i. e. watered) Ps. 

84,7; tg. n^ltyp ir.3;D the springs 

(sources) cf salvation Is. 12, 3; 

Dinn ll^p a sealed fountain (flg- 

Tire of virginity) Cant.4,12; "'J^?'? 

Ps 87,7 my springs, i. e. sources 

of delight: iri?D-'73 D'^SShS Qiltyi 
° -t;-t •;: "t: 

T]3 as well the singers as the 
players on pipes shall be there: 
all my springs of delight are in 
thee (some take "'J^VP to mean 
'my looks', from pv, rendering 
?]| ■'^yP"''? all my looks are 
directed toward thee; Stb. takes 
it to be identical with the Chal- I 
dee NJ^V? 'bowels', 'inmost parts', 
rendering the whole verse: and 
all my inmost parts are sound- 
ing of thee as if with pipes). 

D^rVP -S'fol' for ti'^^^V^, see Ji^D 
II. 5.' 

TIl?D to press, to bruise; only pt. p. 
?|1VD one that is bruised (of an 
animal emasculated by bruising 
the testicles) Lev. 22,24; irT'Jn 
fl?? i"'?1I'P his spear was pressed 
(i. e. stuck) into the ground IS. 

Pit. T]?JD to be pressed (of the 
breasts of a dissolute woman) 

nil?J2 !'»■• «• 1) son of Nahor Gen. 

T -; — 

22,24.— 2) father of the Philis- 
tine king Achish lK.2,39 = ?]ij/l$ 
lS.27,2. — 3) wife of Rehoboam 
lK.I5,2;2Chr.ll,20,for which 13,2 

^n^3''D.— 4) a wife of David 

ITT • ' 

2S.3,3. — S) a city and region at 
the foot of Hermon, not far from 
"llB'JI 28.10,6, whence the adjacent 
portion of Syria is called DIN 
nD5?.D lChr.19,6 (comp. fl''^ Sjfji 
n^yb under '7J«). 

'pra (M. ht^\ a. bj;^; ; inf. Si^D , 
•pyp a. Syi? Bz.20,27) 1) to cover, 
to veil, whence 7^yn . — 2) to act 
covertly, treacherously, faith- 
lessly Pr.16,10; hv^ SyD to com- 
mit a trespass Lev.5,15; with 3 
of the person: to deal treacherously 
with, to sin against Num.5,27i 
with 3 of a thing: to commit a 
trespass on, to take by stealth 

hVQ I. (from h'^'O 2; sf. i'?i?D , ch^S] 
m. 1) treachery, sin, trespass 
Num.5,6; Jos.22,16. — 2) false- 
hood, deception "1X2*4 D3in312>ri5l 
7l?D and of your answers there 
remaineth deception Jb.21,34. 

'pro 11. (from n^l?) m. what is 
-I- ^^ 

above, upper part, height; com- 
monly with prefix D : bv'SQ from 
above Is.45,8, or simply above 
Am.2,9; "^ hvm upon: QiV??b '7^1313 
upon the wood Gen.22,9; SSJISD 
1^)D '''fy'Ph upon the waters of 
the river Dan. 12,6; with H loc. 
n^fP upwards Jud. 7,13; H^yD 
niV? higher and higher Deut. 
28,43; nSl?aT. .„|a from... and up- 
ward: nS?;D; ia^B^p from Ms 
shoulders and upward 18.9,2; ]2a 
n^VOI nja* D>n^y from twenty 

T " 

years old and upward Nuin.1,20; 
in reference to time: ii^Tin Di*D!? 
nS??D1 from that day forward IS. 
16,13; with prefix h : H^VS!? on 
high, upward lChr.14,2; n|irD) h'n^ 
to let grow upwards, i. e. to 
greatly magnify 2Chr.l,6; TIBH 
njyD^ to turn bottom upward, 
to overturn Jud.7,13; p nSsjaS 
over and above IChr. 29, 3; 
ti*K1 nS^aS over the head Bzr- 
9,6; n^V^b"!?? exceedingly 2Chr. 
17,12; riSvD^D from above Gen. 
7,20, or simply: above Ex.25,21. 

bVl^ (from bi^S? to go down) Ch. m. 
going down, setting; pi. c. '^hva 
NE*PB* the setting of the sun Dan. 

hvh (from nh^) m. the lifting up 

c;D; ''ifO the lifting up of hands 
n!?rO (c. n^aO ; sf. V^S?D) m, 1) 
going up, ascent, place of ascent 
nainS n^yaa at the ascent to the 
wall Neh'. 12, 37; .IJiDB^ ni'^yo^ 
'V-S ^i"l *'he ascent to it had 
eight steps Bz. 40,31. — 2) elevated 
place, platform (for the Levltes) 
Neh.9,4.— 3) eminence, hill nSsJDa 
Tiyn up the hill to the city IS. 
9,11; hence the proper names of 
hills: nil?1K. nSga (the hill of the 
between Jerusalem and Jericho; 
Q^nnn njrs?.!? (the mount of Olives), 
east of Jerusalem 28.15,30, called 
by the Arabs Jebel-ez-Zeitun; 
Diaips? nSyO (Wll of the scor- 



pions), south of the Dead Sea 

n^rD (from nSa ; pi. ni^D) f. i) 

going up, ascent (from a lower 
to a higher region) ii;zr.7,9; fig. 
QSC!'''! ni'?i!D the risings of your 
mind, i. e. the thoughts that arise 
in your mind Bz.11,5 (comp. the 
phrase 2h hv H^y Bz.38,10.)— 
2) step, stair Ex.20,26; IK.10,19; 
fig. high degree nSjJan QlNn "ilM 
in the manner of a man of high 
degree IChr. 17,17. ni' *T'B> 
in the inscription of 15 psalms 
(120—134) is rendered by some: 
Song of Degrees or Steps, as 
referring to the elevated place in 
the temple where they were sung; 
by others: Song of the Ascents, 
in reference to the annual pil- 
grimage of the people to the 
temple or in allusion to the return 
from the Babylonish exile (nSyan 
•7511? Ezr.7,9).— 3) pi. n'hV'D de- 
grees, stairs, scale of a dial 2K. 
20,9. — 4) upper chamber, upper 
story Am.9,6 (= ,tS?J). 
h''hpa Zch.1,4 Ettb for bhvp ■ 
bhV^ (from hhV; onV^ pi. D"i'?^rO, 

Vi5'?rD, sf. lySSrD, Ti'^^iJa, 

work, deed, action Zch.1,6; Jer. 
35,15; '7«"''.'?b3?0 the works of God 
IDrO (from nDS?; c. ID^a) w. 

T -; - '^ 

station, post, position 1K.10,5; Is 
22,19. ^ 

T t:t 


T T"; - 

*!i32?t3 (from HfiS?) m. standing- 
place, footing ^fi^.5 PS there is 
no standing Ps.69,3. 

nDDl?D (from DDS?) f. burden pK 
rtDDiJD a burdensome stone Zch. 

p01?0 (from pal? ; only pi. n^^mn, 
c- ■'ipOy?) m. depth Ps.69,3 a. 15. 

]rD (abridged from njy?, from 
rijy L) w. Tirop. corresponding, 
hence with 7 : 1) for the sake of 
n^r nn ]??dS for the sake of my 
servant David 2K. 19,34; with sf. 
VP^ for my sake, TjpiJtt!? for 
thy sake, iJl?D7 for tis sake, 
DJjyD'? for your sake, etc. — 2) 
that, in order that 1J''0K: ]5?dS 
that they may believe Ex.4:,5; 
nitrx? ]Vn^ in order to do Jer. 
7,10; aS JiaS jyo'? that their heart 
may faint Bz. 21,20; sometimes 
coupled with If N , as: ip I^dS 
njV^ that he will command Gen. 
18,l'9; Num. 17,5. 

iiySiO (from Hj^ I.) m. 1) answer, 
reply H'l'njS? a soft answer Pr. 
15,1; Jb.32,3.— 2) destined end, 
purpose injSJS^. "i^ 7SJS h'2 every 
thing the Lord hath made for 
itsdestined endPr.l6,4(acc. others 
= ijllfi"? for his sake, for him- 

nJ!?D (from HiW II.) f. furrow 
nil* IDS nJUD iyn33 in about 
half the furrow of a yoke of land 

n'Jiro (= njya) f. furrow ^an.Kn 

Dri''JlS?07 they have drawn long 
their furrow Ps.129,3 (ace. Ktib 

DniiyoS , pi. of niya). 
nij;p see mij^i? . 
f*!?J3 i""- w. «■ lChr.2,27. 

nnXl^O (from yt'%) f- pain, sorrow 

^irO (from l^fj?) m. axe Is.44,12; 

11^1?0 (from lyy) m. restraint, 

hindrance IS. 14,6. 

lira (= n1VS?D) m. restraint Pr. 
T : — 


nprO (from npj?) m. battlement, 
parapet, ledge (about a flat roof) 

Ji'|^S?P (from tyj^y ; onlyjjZ. n''B>|'5S?.a) 
m. crooked way or place Is.42,16. 

1'212 (from HIV) jw. 1) nakedness, 
pudenda ?i:i??D Di.ij ''i:i''^'3D5 and I 
will shew the nations thy naked- 
ness Nah.3,5.— 2) naked space, 
empty room 2>^N lyDS according 
to the room of every one lK.7,36. 

nnra i. (from y^ i.; sf. rg^vs) 

m. barter, commerce IDJ / ^"iVti J-'IU 

■2^l!5 to carry on commerce Ez. 

^7,9 a. 13. 
n'nrO 11. (from iir II.) m. place 

where the sun goes down, the 

west Is.43,5; Ps.75,7. 
nnirO (= i^aa id f. the west 





rrirD (from (TT,^ ; c. n^.SJD) m. naked 
place, treeless plain, meadow 

mrD (from 1^!!; III.; c. niiJ?J ; pi. 

TT ; * • 

nil^D) f. 1) cave, cavern Gen.23, 
9.-- 2) den CV''"?! ^1^1? a den 
of robbers Jer.7,11. 

P'1J;J3 m. object of dread Is.8,13 
(see fiy Hiph.). 

tl'lS^O (from T'i'iy) w. disposition,