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College of ^t. So^n tl^e €hm^tli^U 

iLonUcn: C. J. CLAY AND SONS, 

Ave Makia Lane. 

(ffamlittligt : DEIGHTON, BELL, AND CO. 
ILeipjta: F. A. BEOCKHAUS. 



College ot ^t. Siot)n tlje €))anaeUst, 









1^ - " . 


Bishop Fishku's Statutes of St. John's College (151^), c. 4'?. 


TN Thomas Baker's preface to The funeral Sermon of 
Margaret, Countess of Richmond and Derby, Lond. 
1708, pp. Iv, Ivi, we read : ' Having open'd the Foundation, 
I shall reserve the Account of its Growth and Progress to 
a larger Design, which possibly may one day see the 
Light, or if it should not (as there are some Arcana 
Collegii in every Society, not so proper to be made 
publick) I will either leave it to the Society, or in such 
hands, as being above mean and little Ends, 1 am well 
assured, will never prostitute it to Mercenary Designs. 
From thence will appear, how from such small Begin- 
nings, in a few Years, by good Conduct and prudent 
Management of a faithful Executor and liberal Bene- 
factor, as well as of a careful, active Master, I do not 
mean Mr. Percy, it grew, or rather run up, almost to 
the present height wherein it stands; and it will afford 
a different View of Things, from what we have hitherto 
had. And either I am much deceiv'd, or from the short 
Specimen I have already given in this one Society, it 
will appear, that our common Accounts are full of Mis- 
take ; and so, no doubt, they are in other Societies, in 
those that have held an Intercourse with the old House, 
and particularly at Peter House, that was originally found- 
ed upon it, I can be pretty positive ; and this I mention 


to excite those of other Houses to look into their Foun- 
dations, and not to sit down under common Mistakes and 
vulgar Opinions.' 

The history of St John's, now first printed, is MS. 
Harl. 1039, the 12th of the 23 volumes of Baker MSS. now 
deposited in the British Museum. I have corrected by 
the original the transcript given to St. John's by Dr. 
Newcome (see below, pp. 555, 556, 1050, 1051), which 
the college liberally allowed me to use as copy for the 
printer. A comparison of hands proves that the ' Italian ' 
transcriber was the Neapolitan convert Antonio Ferrari, 
who was seen at St, John's by Uffenbach in 1713, and 
who shewed his gratitude to the college for its hospitality 
by bequeathing to it in 1744 the unique collection of 
early tracts relating to the French and Italian reforma- 
tions, some of which came from Bullinger's library (MSS. 
class O). It is to be regretted that so capable an editor 
as Zach. Grey could not obtain leave to publish the 
history (below p. 1051 1. 20 seq., where we are told that 
in 1782 the design was not yet abandoned). 

Geo. Dyer's Privileges of the univ. of Cambridge. Lond. 
1824, 8vo. II. 73 : 'I have somewhere hinted (and I 
spoke from authority) that a fellow of St. John's was 
preparing to print Mr. Baker's History... The gentleman 
[Thos. Smart Hughes] who undertook this oifice after- 
wards went abroad, and... being now very usefully and 
assiduously engaged as tutor in another college. Trinity 
hall, he has of course relinquished the design.' 

The compilers of the Index to the Baker MSS. Cambr. 
1847, 8vo. pref. vii, say that ' the publication of this 
highly interesting volume was advertised more than 
twelve years since.' 

The reader is indebted to the liberality of the syndics 
of the Pitt press for the fulfilment of so long deferred 


hopes ; indeed tlie book might have appeared six years 
ago, but for the additions which have been made to the 
original text. 

In order to supply a test of the accuracy of at least a 
portion of Baker's statements, I have given a calendar of 
some of the principal documents in the treasury. The 
lists of fellows after 1545 and all other catalogues and 
notices respecting scholarships and college offices have 
been taken directly from the registers. 

No apology is needed for printing Wm. Cole's notes 
and continuation. My own supplements, which take up 
more than half of the volume, are drawn with few ex- 
ceptions from biographical collections formed during the 
last 15 years. The two names to which I have devoted 
special research, those of bishops Marsh and Samuel 
Butler, seemed to justify the exceptional space allotted 
to them : for the one rescued the richest professorship in 
the university from the suspicious company of 'valuable 
sinecures ' (see below p. 1030 n.) and introduced critical 
theology into England ; the other was one of those re- 
formers of our public schools, whose merits have been 
unjustly obscured by the name of Arnold. 

I have not printed the commemoration book, dated 
1683, which Baker 'transcribed with all its faults,' partly 
because the greater part of its contents is given in a 
more authentic form in the calendar, partly because I 
have not seen the original. 

The publication of this volume, following hard upon 
Mr. Searle's elaborate history of Queens', and soon to be 
followed by Prof. Willis's architectural history of the uni- 
versity, may, it is hoped, direct the attention of other col- 
leges to their hidden treasures ; e. g. it is a reproach to 
Caius that the founder's Annals, to Sidney that Dr. "Ward's 
diary, to Trinity that its early statutes, still lurk in manu- 


script oblivion. Those who cannot give their labour in 
return for the benefactions which they enjoy, may per- 
haps compound by supplying the Cambridge Antiquarian 
Society with means to do the work for them. The sin- 
gular activity of the Early English Text Society proves 
that Cambridge has many sons who do not shrink from 
unpaid toil. 

I have to thank the Rev. Henry Russell of St. John's 
college for one quotation, and the Rev. H, R. Luard, regis- 
trary of the university, for three. Mr. Norris Deck has 
added greatly to the value of the book by the careful in- 
dexes and tables of contents ; Mr. Bielefeld, of the uni- 
versity library, by transcribing into mj interleaved Gra- 
duati notices from the Cambridge Chronicle, 

With a view to future labours in this field I venture 
to invite the cooperation of members of the college and 
of all others who are possessed of information relating to 
any names which have been inscribed, on our boards. It 
is possible that the missing register of admissions [from 
28 June 1755 to 8 July 1767] may still be recovered 
from the family of some former master or bursar. 

Relatives may render cheap and solid service to letters 
by depositing complete sets of the works, particularly of 
the pamphlets, of a deceased author, in the librar}'^ of his 
Alma Mater. 


St. John's College, 
19 July 1869. 


Title from the author's MS. . 


' Fundatrici Vota" . . . ... 


' To my founder upon his picture" 


Inscription to Dr Ashion from St Leonard's hospital, York 


" Upon myself and to my God" 


The author's preface ..... 


St John's house or hospital, preceded St John's college 


Nigellus, bishop of Ely, its reputed founder . 


Reasons for doubting this .... 


Evidence in favour of its foundation by Henry Frost anc 

the burgesses . . . . 


The burgesses' complaints of the encroachments of the 

bishops of Ely ..... 


Bishop Norwold alienates the presentation from the bur 

gesses . . . . . 


And that of St Mary Magdalene at Steresbridge 


Further reasons against its foundation by bishop Nigellus 


Archbishop Parker's mistakes on this point . 


The bulls of pope Julius of no weight . 


The original endowment inconsiderable 


Benefactions of bishop Eustachius . . . 


The bishops of Ely become patrons 


Bishop Kilkenny's benefaction to the university 


Bishop Balsham adds secular scholars to the foundation 


Uncertainty as to the date of this . . . . 


Mistakes of Dr Caius and Mr Wharton 


The scholars governed by the statutes of Merton 


Disagreements between the brethren and the scholars 


Division of their property . . . . . 


Resulted in the ultimate foundation of two colleges . 


Twylet's chantry in St Sepulchre's church 


The Jews in Cambridge ..... 


The district called the Jewry ..... 


St Sepulchre's church probably built by the templars 


Bishop Balsham's grant of privileges to the university 




Tlie office of Magister Glomerise 

Not the same as sacellanus or chaplain 

Derivation of the word . . . • • 

The university decrees annual exequies to bishop Balsham 

Bishop Hotham's statute for the election of the prior. 

Bishop Montacute arbitrates between Peterhouse and St 

John's ...... 

The earliest masters of Peterhouse 

Bishop Montacute gives statutes to St Peter's college 

And confirms the foundation of King's hall . 

Mortality from the plague in St John's hospital 

Qualifications requisite in a master 

Bishop Lisle a benefactor to St Peter's college 

Dedicates the church of St Mary extra Trumpington gates 

His other good works in the university 

St John's house increasing .... 

Its friendly relations with King's hall 

Account of King's hall ..... 

Commission of bishop Arundell to visit it 

Richard the second's parliament at Cambridge 

John Morice founds a chantry at St Botolph's church 

Bishop Fordham's benefactions to Peterhouse 

Licence granted for Peterhouse chapel 

Cavendish and Botkelsham, forgotten masters of Peterhouse 

Eudo la Zouch, chancellor, excused his oath of obedience 

to the bishop ...... 

Papal bull obtained exempting the chancellor from future 

obedience .... . . 

Archbishop Arundell's visitation of the university 
Dr Fuller mistakes Gonvil hall for Benet college 
The site of the church or chapel of St John's hospital 
The site of the cemetery .... 

Exemption of the university from episcopal jurisdiction 
The king (Hen. 6) acquires St Cross' hostel for his new col 

St John Baptist's parish united to St Edward's 

Houses and hostels pulled down for the site of King's col 

St John's house receives additional endowments 
Is admitted to the privileges of the university 
Doubts as to the brethren being men of learning 
The original endowments very small . 
Comparison between it and Barnwell and Anglesey 
William Tomlyn admitted master 
He dilapidates the goods of the house 
Only three brethren left 
The estate involved and the brethren dispersed 

























This occasions the foundation of St John's college here 
And soon after of Wolsey's college at Oxford . 
Catalogue of the masters or priors of St John's house or 
hostel ....... 

Carmen phalsecium hendecasyllabum .... 




St John's College. 

Account of the Foundress ..... 55 
Institutes public lectures in divinity at Cambridge and 

Oxford ,,..... ib. 

Founds a public preacher at Cambridge ... 56 

John Fawn, S.T.B., appointed . . . . . ib. 

Meaning of his title, president of the university . . ib. 

A "public preacher" peculiar to Cambridge . . . 57 

Lady Margaret founds Christ's college . . . ib. 

Grant of exemption from the bishop of Ely ... 58 
The members of God's house continued as members of the 

new college . . . . , . ib. 

Her intended benefactions at Westminster . . . ib. 

Bishop Fisher suggests schools of learning instead . . ib. 

Lady Margaret alters her purpose .... 59 

Obtains the king's consent for this .... ib. 
The bishop turns her thoughts from Oxford to St John's 

house, Cambridge .... .60 

Its melancholy condition . . . . . ib. 

The bishop's and king's licence obtained for its dissolution 61 

Death of Lady Margaret . . . . . ib. 

Her funeral sermon by bishop Fisher .... ib. 

An omission in this . . . . . .62 

Informality in the codicil to her will . . . ■ . ib. 

Opposition of Hen. 8 and the bishop of Ely . . . ib. 
A bull obtained from the pope dissolving St John's house 

and erecting a new college .... 63 

The king's licence to the same effect . . . . 64 

The power of naming one fellow reserved to the bishops of Ely 65 
The bishop of Ely grants the jewels and goods of St John's 

house ....... ib. 

Then the site and all the other property . . . ib. 

Lastly, full and peaceable possession . . . . 66 

Bishop Fisher the principal agent in all this . . . ib. 
The small revenues of the old house . . . .67 

The revenues left by the Foundress .... ib. 

The executors proceed vdth the foundation . . . ib. 

The charter of the foundation . . . . 68 

The master and first fellows appointed . . . ib. 

Wisdom of the executors in pursuing the Foundress' intention 69 




The fabric commenced . . . 


The chapel first undertaken 


Expense and charge of this 


Ability of Robert Shorton, the first master . 


Fellows at this period .... 


The old brethren still maintained 


Resignation of William Tomlyn 


The bishop of Ely's last grant . 


The will of the Foundress proved 


The executors forced to give up the lands 


They obtain the hospital at Ospring . 


A short account of this .... 


Its value to the college 


The estates of the college at its opening 


The alienated manors .... 


Bishop Fisher delegated to give the statutes . 


Error of Burnet and Wharton in sending him to E 

LiOme at 

this time ..... 

ib. - 

The college solemnly opened . 


Alan Percy elected master 


The names of the first fellows . 


Oaths taken to observe the statutes 


Death of Dr Hornby .... 


His preferments and character 


Account of Robert Shorton 


Appointed to mastership of Pembroke, and other 


ments ..... 


His benefactions 


The earliest statutes those of Bishop Fisher . 


The probable date of these 


Their enactments .... 


Alan Percy resigns the mastership 


His preferments and death . . . . 


Nicholas Metcalfe succeeds as third master . 


His account of the revenues of the college at that time 

3 . ib. 

Gets the estate at Ospring legally assured to the coUe 

ge . 87 

Clears off the building debt . . . . 


Urges bishop Fisher to obtain increased revenues 


The nunneries of Higham and Bromehall obtained fi 

ora the 

king ..... 


The bishop's proceedings herein 


The disposal of the nuns 


The king's and Wolsey's zeal in this matter . 


Their views difierent from the bishop's 


The king will do no more for the college 


The college statutes enlarged . 


Bishop Fisher's private chapel begun . 





Dr Thompson and his chapel . 


Dr Keyton and his chapel . . . . . 


Mr Hugh Ashton's chapel 


His preferments, etc. ..... 

ib. note. 

His death, and the inscription on his tomb 


Doubts as to the place of his iaterment 


Increase of private foundations 


Their proportion to the origi: ai foundation . 


Sir Marmaduke Constable's benefaction 


Annual exequies decreed to bishop Fisher as to a founder . 


He desires to be placed after Lady Margaret 


The objections of Richard Ci'oke . . . . 


Bishop Fisher gives a complete body of statutes 


A brief account of these 


The college sympathy with the bishop upon his fall . 


The king seizes his furniture, etc. belonging to the college 


The bishop's benefactions to other societies . 


His death ...... 


Dr Metcalfe grows old and is neglected 


Is worried into resigning the mastership 


Retribution on those who caused this . . . . 


His death, monumental inscription and will . 


His services to the college .... 


His character ....... 


His preferments, etc. . . . 


The king recommends Dr Day for the mastership 


Dr Wylson obtains the majority of votes 


Dr Wylson refuses the mastership and Day is elected 

Ill . 

The college make their peace at court 


Dr Day made provost of King's 


His ability and learning .... 


His preferments ..... 


His will and death ..... 


Dr Tayler of Queens' elected master . . , 


Disputes between him and the fellows . ^ , 


They appeal to the visitor .... 


Visitation held before the bishop's chancellor , 


They refer the whole matter to the bishop 


Bishop Goodrich's award .... 


The dissensions continue . . . , 


Application to the king to alter the statutes . 


The king gives revised statutes 


The most material corrections in these 


They provoke new divisions . . . 


Dr Tayler resigns in consequence . 


His preferments . . = . . ■• • 


His character as master . . . . 

. . 123^ 



■William Bill chosen master . . 


Warm religious controversies in the college 


The master joins the reformers 


The king's commissioners visit the university . 


Eeligious questions discussed before them 


They visit St John's and reform the statutes 


Dr Bill made master of Trinity 


Ejected under queen Mary 


Restored by Elizabeth 


His subsequent preferments, and death 


His epitaph, character, etc. 


Dr Madew his sure friend 


Madew's unhappy end . 


Dr Bill's benefactions . 


Honest character of Thomas Leaver . 


Admitted seventh master 


Extracts from his sermons on the state of the university 


„ on the cost of the rectory of Burwell 


„ on the alienation of Sedberg and other schools 


Remarks on this cost of Burwell rectory 


The college flourishes under Mr Leaver 


He retires to Switzerland at the death of king Edward 


Returns under queen Elizabeth 


His Genevan doctrines unqualify him for the mastership 


Made master of Sherburn hospital 


His death, epitaph, and character as a preacher 


Advised the queen against the title of supreme head 


His marriage a bar to his regaining the mastership . 


His writings and publications 


Thomas Watson succeeds Leaver as eighth master . 


His county and family .... 


Retained the confidence of the popish party 


Bishop Fisher's statutes revived under him , 


Promoted to the deanery of Durham . 


. A man of learning and a restoi'er of learning 


Consecrated bishop of Lincoln . 


Deprived under Elizabeth 


Dies a prisoner in Wisbech castle 


George Bullock elected ninth master . 


Great changes made amongst the fellows 


Account of Dr Young the vicechancellor 


The university under Gardiner and Pole as chancellors 


Cardinal Pole appoints a visitation of the university . 


Bucer's body condemned and burnt for heresy 


The bishop of Ely's last visitation under the old statutes 


Dr 'Bullock ejected under Elizabeth . 


Pilkington's hard account of Bullock and others 





Bullock removes to Antwerp and dies there 


His character and Bale's account of him 


His preferments, etc. 


Similarity of his life to Dr Young's 


Change in the college at queen Mary's death . 


Visitation of the university .... 


James Pilkington admitted tenth master 


New statutes given to the university . 


Pilkington's university degree and professorship 


His character for learning .... 


His dislike of ceremonies and favour of puritanism , 


Becomes bishop of Durham .... 


His gifts to the college and imiversity libraries 


His various writings ...... 


Founds a school at Rivington .... 


His family and epitaph . . 


Leonard Pilkington succeeds his brother as master . 


Twice admitted fellow of the college . 


Lancashire predominance in the college 


The reforming zeal of the two brothers 


Desecration of the Fisher and Ashton chapels 


SeiTice books, vestments, etc., turned out, and GenevE 

psalters brought in . 


Leon. Pilkington sometime regius professor of divinity 


Resigns the mastership .... 


The reason of this ..... 


Admitted to a doctor's degree 


Collated to a prebend of Durham . . . . 


His legacy of books to the college 


The college left in great disorder . . . . 


He and his brother John made overseers of Rivington schoo! 


Richard Longeworth succeeds as twelfth master 


Sir Wm. Cecill's instructions on the queen's visit to Cam 

bridge ...... 


His reception at St John's college , . . . 


The queen arrives the next day 


Ceremonies attending her entrance 


The pubUc orator's oration in King's chapel . 


Dr Perne preaches before her there . 


The Aidularia of Plautus acted before her there on Sundaj 

evening ..... 


Acts and disputations held before her 


Manner of her reception at the congregations . 


Her visit to St John's college .... 


Character and preferments of Dr Longeworth 


The Geneva psalters continued in his time 


The university cross and vestments sold 



Dr Longeworth expelled by the visitor . . 162 
The college in great disorder .... 
Expulsion of Mr Fulke, and his subsequent career . 
Death of Dr Longeworth .... 
Nicholas Shepherd succeeds as thirteenth master 
New university statutes given . 
Mr Cartwright deprived and silenced . 
Opposition to the new statutes from the puritan party 
The objections overruled .... 
Mr Shepherd does not appear in this proceeding 
Less said of him than of any previous master 
The Geneva psalters discontinued and bishops' bible used 
Mr Shepherd's dishonesty and consequent expulsion . 
His preferments and death .... ii- and 
"Was ^ected as fellow under Mary and restored under Eliza- 

His patronage of men of learning 

John Still elected fourteenth master . 

Delay in his admission ..... 

His activity against puritanism 

Opposition to him on this ground 

The division between north and south in the college . 

Dr Still's prudence and activity as master 

Sir John Harrington's character of him . 

Carries out the rent-corn act with the college estates 

Its operation on the first estate thus rented . 

Dr Still made master of Trinity and bishop of "Worcester 

His other preferments ..... 

His patronage of Mr Bois and John Overall . 
Dies bishop of Bath and Wells . , 

Richard Howland, master of Magdalene, admitted fifteenth 
master ..... 

Succeeded at Magdalene by Mr Copinger of St John's 

His zeal in preparing new statutes with lord Burghley'; 

assistance . . , . 

Benefactions from lord Burghiey and others . 
The new statutes sent down to the college 
How they enlarge the master's power and limit the visitor's 
Dr Howland made bishop of Peterborough 
Attends the queen as vicechancellor, at Walden 
Proceedings before her majesty there . 
Dr Howland's university and other preferments 
His death ...... 

Dr Whitaker admitted sixteenth master 

Opposition to his electiqn .... 

He is somewhat leavened with puritaniana 

His opinion of Cartwright , , . . 































Connives at a puritan synod in the college 



The authority of the Fathers disdained against Calvin or 



Dr Whitaker's lenity gains all parties . 


His impartial government . . , , 


The college flourishes and is enlarged . 


Increases in learning and reputation . 


Dr Fuller's story about Dr Whitaker contradicted 


Mr John AUenson or Mr A. Ashton, the author of his life ih. 


His death and funeral at the college expense 



His marriages and family 


Injunction of Elizabeth against wives in college 


Occasion of the Lambeth articles 


The archbishop of Canterbury consulted as visitor, 


Eliensi vacante . . . . . 



The crown nominating the bp. of Ely's fellow 


Date of Dr Whitaker's D.D. degree 


His other preferments, etc. .... 


Dr Clayton, master of Magdalene, elected seventeenth master 


Mr Bois on the increase of buildings and decline of learning 

in the college ..... 


The second court begun and finished . 


The cost and difl5culties attending this 


The countess of Shrewsbury's share in it 


Her misfortunes ..... 


The second court divided out .... 


Dr Clayton elected vicechancellor 


The plague disperses the university . 


Dr Morton's D.D. act . 


Death of Dr Playfere . 


Order for the observance of 5th November 


The king's grant of privileges and benefactions to the university 


Order against tobacco smoking 


Dr Clayton's preferments, and conduct as master 


Decree for the increase of the mastership 


Its liability to abuse ..... 


Dr Clayton's sudden death, intestate . 



Puritanism rooted out under him . . . 


His character ...... 


The college gets only £30 from his estate 


His very sumptuous funeral .... 

ib. and note 

Great men thought of for the mastership 


Owen Gwyn elected by interest and intrigue . 


The choice better in the hands of the crown . 


Mr Gwyn and the seniors abuse the revenues . 


Mr Downhall takes proceedings against them 


The master and seniors driven to call in the visitor . 


The bishop of Ely as visitor mediates . , 



The bishop (Williams) of Lincoln applied to . 

The abuse finally corrected .... 

The prince of Wales and the elector palatine visit Cam- 
bridge ... . . 

The ceremonies and entertainment on the occasion . 

Mr GwjTi is made D.D. ' without trouble, and at the college 
expense' ...... 

The king's two visits to Cambridge 

He is entertained by the college . 

Abuse in conferring degrees .... 

Dr Gwyn chosen vicechancellor 

The town petitions for the title and privileges of a city 

The king sends ' a slurring answer ' . 

Dr Gwyn supports the duke of Buckingham for the chan- 
cellorship ...... 

Receives a threatening letter from the visitor 

Dies soon after ...... 

His preferments ..... 

His scanty legacy to the college 

Bishop Williams' benefactions at this time 

Dr Gwyn's neglect of Mr Whittington's benefaction . 

His relations, college ofBces, etc. 

Lords Strafford, Fairfax, and Falkland, members of the col- 
lege during his mastership 

Dr Richardson's character of a sermon of his . 

The abuses at Trinity college at this time 

Owen's epigrams on bp. Williams and Dr Gwyn 

Account of the new library and bp. Williams' benefactions 
to it 

Bp. Williams' other foundations 

Their insufficiency for their purpose 

Dr Gwyn's conduct in this matter 

Account of lord Maynard's logic lecture 

Other benefactions 'lost by the iniquity of the times' 

The seniors favour Dr Lane for master, on the death of 
Dr Gwyn ...... 

Dr Ambrose sent to court to procure the king's letters for 
Lane's election ..... 

The king's letters procured and Lane chosen by the seniors 

The juniors choose Mr Holdsworth 

The vicechancellor refuses to admit either 

Irregularities on both sides .... 

Aspersions on Dr Lane .... 

Both parties submit themselves to the king . 

He selects Dr Beale, who is admitted nineteenth master 

Dr Lane's death, character, etc. 

Mr Holdsworth's subsequent preferments 




























The vast charge of these dissensions to the college . 

. • 216 M 

The ability of the new master .... 

ib. ^ 

Is chosen vicechancellor .... 


Takes an oath from the sheriff to observe the privileges o 


the university ..... 


Opposes the archbishop's claim to be visitor of the university 


Receives the king on his way to York . 


His loyalty to the monarchy and church 


Adorns and beautifies the chapel 


And Mr Ashton's and bishop Fisher's chantries 


Sufferings presaged from a book found inside a fish . 


Troublous times succeed . . . . . 


The college sends money and plate to the king 


Oliver Cromwell attempts to intercept it 


He carries oflF Dr Beale and others 


They are insulted, imprisoned, etc. . . . . 


The master and twenty-nine fellows deprived 


Rioting and violence at the college 


Dr Beale joins the king at Oxford 


Escapes to Spain and dies there ... 


His last communion ...... 


Singular disposal of his body . . . 


His preferments, benefactions, etc. 


Prynne's charge against him .... 


His few literary remains .... 


Lord Clarendon's character of him . ... 


John Arrowsmith thrust in as twentieth master 


The manner in which this was done 


Arrowsmith's oath on admission 


The oath required of the fellows 


Several of them ejected .... 


The so called oath of discovery . . 


The changes made in the chapel and college . 


Arrowsmith removed to Trinity and dies there 


His birth, degrees, and preferments . 


His literary works ..... 


Dr Anthony Tuckney, master of Emmanuel, chosen twenty 

first master 


His birth, degrees, etc. .... 


Made vicechancellor ..... 


Installs the earl of Manchester as chancellor . 


Elected regius professor of divinity . . . . 


Resigns his preferments at the restoration 


Lives in retirement till his death 

. ib. 

His literary works ..... 


Good government of him, and other intruding masters 


Dr Peter Gunning chosen twenty-second master » 




Jp Elected from mastership of Benet, and made king's professor 

of divinity . 


Better principles take firm root in the college 


Dr Gunning's account of his early years 


Enters and becomes a fellow of Clare hall 


Expelled from the university for preaching against the co 

venant ...... 


His life during the usurpation 


His preferments at the restoration 


Made successively bp. of Chichester and Ely . 


His government of the college 


His support of the interests of the church 


Would have been a nonjuror had he lived 


His death ...... 

ih. ' 

Leaves his books to St John's .... 


His treatise entitled Certain disquisitions, etc. 


Leaves numerous papers in MS. 


The character of his preaching 


Archbishop Tillotson not his successor at Clare hall . 


Did succeed him in his prebend of Canterbury 


The archbishop's success should teach contentment in God's 

providence . . . . 


Bishop Gunning's friendship vrith Dr Cosin 


Their warm controversy on the ' Canon of Scripture ' 


Catalogus Episcoporum qui e Collegio Divi J oannis Evan- 

gelists PRODIERUNT .... 


Robert Holgate, bp. Llandaflf, abp. York 


George Day, bp. Chichester 


John Tayler, bp. Lincoln .... 


Ralph Bayns, bp. Coventry and Lichfield 


Thomas Watson, bp. Lincoln . 


John Cristoforson, bp. Chichester • . 


Thomas Boucher, bp. Gloucester 


Edwin Sandys, bp. Worcester, London, abp. York 


Robert Home, bp. Winchester .... 


James Pilkington, bp. Durham 


Thomas Davyes, bp. St Asaph ..... 


Richard Curtes, bp. Chichester 


John Young, bp. Rochester 


Richard Howland, bp. Peterborough . 


Hugh Bellot, bp. Bangor ..... 


John Coldwell, bp. Salisbury ..... 


John Still, bp. Bath and Wells .... 


William Morgan or Morgayne, bp. Llandaflf, St Asaph 


Richard Vaughan, bp. Bangor, Chester, London 


John Jegon, bp. Norwich ..... 


William Barlow,, bp. Rochester, Lincoln . . 





Richard Neile, bp. Rochester, Coventry and Lichfield, Lin- 
coln, Durham, Winchester, abp. York . . . 257 
John Overall, bp. Coventry and Lichfield, Norwich . . 258 
Thomas Morton, bp. Chester, Coventry and Lichfield, Durham 260 
John Williams, bp. Lincoln, abp, York . . .261 
"Valentine Carey, bp. Exeter . . . . . ib. 
Richard Senhouse, bp. Carlisle . . . . 263 
Robert Dawson, bp. Clonfert and Kilmacduagh . . ib. 
David Dolben, bp. Bangor ..... 264 
Francis Dee, bp. Peterborough .... 265 
Richard Holdsworth, bp. designate of Bristol . . ib. 
John Gauden, bp. Exeter, Worcester .... 266 
Edward WoUey, bp. Clonfert and Kilmacduagh . . 267 
Robert Morgan, bp. Bangor . . . . . 268 
Peter Gunning, bp. Chichester, Ely .... 269 
William Lloyd, bp. Llandafl", Peterborough, Norwich . . 270 
William Gouldston, bp. Bristol . . . .271 
John Lake, bp. Sodor, Bristol, Chichester . . . 272 
Capel Wiseman, bp. Dromore . . . . . ib. 
Francis Turner, bp. Rochester, Ely .... 273 
Thomas White, bp. Peterborough . . . . 274 
Thomas Watson, bp. St David's . . . . 275 
Edward Stillingfleet, bp. Worcester .... 276 
Robert Grove, bp. Chichester ..... 277 
Wm. Beveridge, bp. St. Asaph . . . .278 
Philip Howard, designated by the pope, abp, Canterbury . 279 
Thomas Bowers, bp. Chichester .... 2S0 

QUE AD Annum 1546, desumptus ex archivis Collegii 281 — 2S4 
Sources from whence the above admissions are taken . 284 

Admissiones Sociorum, Michaelmas 1545 to Apr. 1612 285 — 293 
Leon. Pilkington restored to a senior fellowship, on the death 

of his wife, by the royal visitors, 27 Dec. 1559 . . 287 

Admissiones Sociorum, 1613 to 1711 . . . 293—302 

Order from the earl of Manchester to eject certain fellows, 

and admit others ...... 295 

Orders from the committee for the reformation of the uni- 
versities to the like purpose . . . .297 

Orders from the earl of Manchester and the king to re- 
store the ejected fellows ..... 298 

Admissiones Sociorum, 1712 to Mar. 1733 . . 302—305 

Elections in place of the nonjuring fellows removed . . 803 

The bishop of Ely's decree on a dispute about a Beresford 

fellowship . . . . • • 804 

Admissiones Sociorum, May 1733 to April 1775 . 305—309 

The bishop of Ely's decree in a dispute about a Keyton fel- 
lowship ....... 807 



Admissiones SociORUM, Oct. 1775-1823. . . 309—313 

Bishop of Ely's decree relative to a Hallitreholme fellowship. 310 
A decree from the same relative to a "Rokeby fellowship . 811 
Admissiones Sociorum, 1824— 1S59 . . . 313—317 

Admissiones Sociorum, 1860 — 66 .... 318 
Nomina Magistrorum, 1612—1857 . . . 323, 324 

Admissiones Seniorum, 1545 — 1611 . . . 325,326 

Do. Do. 1624—1859 . . . 327—832 

Admissiones Concionatorum, 1547—1765 . . 833—337 

Benefactors to the Library 'B libro memoriali in Biblio- 
theca reposito': — 

John Williams, bishop of Lincoln ; sir Ralph Hare . . 338 

Thomas Morton, bp. of Durham ; Henry Wriothesley earl of 
Southampton; William, lord Howard of Naworth; Va- 
lentine Carey, bp. Exeter; David Dolben, bp. Bangor; 
John, lord Gary of Hunsdon ; John Hackett, bp. Coven- 
try and Lichfield ; Peter Gunning, bp. Ely ■ . . 339 

Thomas Wentworth ; sir Robert Heath ; Edward Benlowes, 

esq ; Robert Mason, LL.D. .... 340 

Robert Metcalfe, S.T.D.; Joseph Thurston, S.T.B.; Griffith 
Bodurda, esq. ; Allen Henman,esq.; Tobias Rustatt, esq.; 
Cadwallader Jones, M.A. ; Samuel Howlett, M.A.; Lam- 
brochius Thomas, D.D. . . . . . 841 

Richard Hill, esq. ...... 342 

Calendar of Documents relatingto St John's College. 

I. From the thin red book in the college treasury, begin- 
ning with the foundation of the college and containing 
some entries in Mary's reign . . . 342 — S61 

Nos. 1, 2, 4 to 7. Early inventories of plate and jewels be- 
longing to the college .... 342 

8. A Latin statute to foster scholastic disputation . 343 

9. A Latin statute appointing a second lecturer . . if), 
10. A Latin letter of thanks to bp. Fisher for his private 

chapel ...... ^'^^ 

11 — 13. Copies of leases granted by the college . . i^y^ 

15. Letter (Lat.) to Thomas Goodrich, bp. of Ely, 1542 . ih, 

16. Names of books (Lat.) received by Dr Shorton for the 

college library •••... ^■&. 

17. Deed appointing the college proctors . . . {jj^ 
18 — 33. Copies of leases ..... 344, 

34. Deed of sale of a tenement at Melbourne . . ^-j^ 

35. Account of the difficulties overcome by bp. Fisher in 

the foundation of the college .... i&. 




Lease (Danthorp in Holdernes) 




Vestments and chapel furniture received by the master 
and fellows of Christ's college at the command of 

bp. Fisher ...... 



Certain ornamentes belongynge to the chapell of Saynt 

Johns of the olde fundacon .... 



Letter from Hen. 7. to Lady Margaret concerning the 


appointment of Fisher to a bishopric 




A letter from the college to the queen thanking her for 

giving them a" ' ryght faire cowcher ' 



A protestation of chastity by Lady Margaret * 



Lease of Northstoke parsonage .... 



Certificate (Lat.) from Geo. BuUocke, B.D., master, to 

the bp. of Ely 



Latin letter from bp. Fisher to Rd. Croke 



Bond of £600 from the college to bp. Fisher 



Bond of £400 from the college to Thos. Lynacre, M.D., 

Cuthbert bp. of London, and others . 



Letter (Lat.) to bp. Fox of Winchester, asking some 

benefaction for the college .... 



List of bonds to Dr Thomson .... 



Letter (Lat.) to some powerful patron on their poverty . 



Letter (Lat.) to Ri. Nykke, bp. of Norwich ; thanks for 

his promise of books for the choir, &c. 



Latin testimonials of Hen. Richerdson, B.A. 



Latin proxy to John Hart, LL.B. . . 

' ib. 


Indenture by Christ's college concerning money given 

them by bp. Fisher ..... 



Lease (Little Markham, Notts.) .... 



56. Registers of books, deeds, college eflfects, etc. 



Bp. Fisher's gifts in money, plate, vestments, etc. 



Acquittance (Lat.) to the college receiver 



Indenture between the college and bp. Fisher respecting 

his fellowships and scholarships 



Bond to the abbess of Denny respecting tithes . 



Letters testimonial on the master and fellows visiting 

Hugh Ash ton's tomb ..... 



Letter (Lat.) from the university to bp. Fisher . 



Appointment of the steward of the manors of Ospringe 

and Hygham ..... 



Letter (Lat.) from bp. Fisher to the university . 



-74. Copies of leases ..... 



Petition to the king against lord Cobham 



Bond to lord Cobham to submit to an award 



Testimonial for Jo. Blande, M.A. 



Indenture between the college and Rd. Lawrence 



Four receipts to Rd. and Wm. Lawrence 




80. Will of Rog. Grantofte of Hilton . . . .348 

81. Letter (Lat.) to Dr Chamber, asking his influence with 

the king, 1531 . . . .349 
. 82. To Dr Keyton reminding him of his promise to found fel- 
lowships and scholarships .... ib. 
83. To bp. Fisher, hoping he will excuse the payment due 

to him this year . . . . . ib. 

. 84. Note (Lat.) about land at Westwickham . . . ib. 

85. Lease (land at Osprynge) . . . . ib 

86. Grant to chaplain for the performance of service at 

= Higham . . . . . . ib. 

87. The wardship and marriage of Jo. Geblon . . ib. 

88. 89. Letters (Latin) praying for access to bp. Fisher in the 

Tower ...... ib. 

90. Receipt to Anne Brett for rent .... 350 

91. Grant to the chaplain of Higham . . . ib. 

92. Receipts to Wm. Lawrence .... ib. 

93. 94. Discharges to Dr Metcalfe and others from the col- 

lege ...... ib. 

95. Acquittances to the college manciple and receiver . ib. 

^Q. Testimonial to Wm. Leper, M.A. . . . ih. 

97 — 100. Documents relative to the foundation of the Symson 

fellowship . . . . . , ib. 

101. Deed of feoffment of a messuage in St Mary's without 

' Trumpington gates .... . ib. 

102. Receipt to Dr Keyton for money to found fellowships 

and scholarships . . . . . ib. 

103. Power of attorney to R. and J. Hall . . .351 

104. Grant with stipend of the chaplain and curacy of Horn- 

ingsey ....... ib. 

105, 106. Bonds to Lord Cobham to abide by an arbitration ib. 

107, 108. Documents relating to Dr Fell's benefactions . ib. 

109 — 112. Copies of leases .... ib. 

113. Patent for the stewardship of the manors of Ramerwyk 

and Blonham ...... 352 

114. Covenant for Dr Shorton's obit . . . . ib, 

115. Patent for the office of auditor .... ib, 

116. 117. Testimonials to Jo. Tomson B.A. and Brian Lunne 

B.A ^5. 

118,119. Letters of attorney .... ib, 

120. Indenture relative to Dr Thymylbe's benefaction . ib. 

121. Arbitrement between lord Cobham and the college . ib. 

122. Bond to stand to the above .... ib. 
123—125. Documents relating to Dr Lupton's benefactions . ib. 
126, 127. Indentures for Hugh Ashton's foundations and 

his solemn obit ..... 353 

128, 129. Testimonials to Hen. Sanderson, M.A. . . ib. 





131. Concerning Dr Bowman's scholars . . 



Testimonial for Geo. Smith, B.A. . . . 

, ih. 


134, Copies of leases ..... 



Letter (Lat.) to lord Cromwell .... 



Presentatio magistri (Drs Day and Bill) 



Letter (Lat.) to lord Cromwell .... 



Letter (Lat.) to bishop Fox of Hereford 



Letter to Dr Lupton's executors for the money be- 

queathed by him ..... 



Lease of Millington manor .... 



Grant of the chaplaincy of Ospringe 



3. Deeds for the sale of ground to Christr. Franke 



Lease of Horningsey parsonage 



Acquittance to Thos. Grene for certain plate . 



Patent for the receiver for the lands of Bromehall 



-155. Copies of leases ..... 



Indenture for obits in Christ's college for Dr Thomson 

and Sir Thos. Lovell ..... 



Presentation to vicarage of Higham 



159. Copies of leases ..... 



Patent for stewardship «f various manors 



Testimonial for Wm. Turner, B.A. 



Imperfect copy of 160 . 



Proxy to certain lavryers to appear for the college in 

all causes ...... 



Lease (tenement in Wood street, London) 



Proxy to various persons to appear for the college as 

rectors of Aldeworth ..... 



-173. Letters, etc., relating to the removal of the nuns 

from Higham and Bromehall 



Letter (Lat.) to queen Katherine asking leave to pur- 

chase lands held of her in Essex 



176. Leases of cottages in St Andrew's parish . 



Letter (Lat.) to Dr Lupton to borrow .£100 

' ib. 


Lease of tenement and land in Marflet 



Letter on the first fruits of W. Bill's fellowship 



-183. Copies of leases ..... 



Patent for stewardship of college manors in Berks 



Patent for the college bailiff for Kent . 



Lease of a pond yard in St Peter's parish, Cambridge. 

Rent 305. and 2 pike of 18 in. ' clean fish,' and 1 of 16 in. 


187. ] 

L88. Leases (Cottenham and Cambridge) 



Three bonds to Jo. Dowman for performance of cove- 

nant ...... 



Patent appointmg the receiver for Bromhall . 



Bond from the above receiver . . . ■ 



Bond to lord Cobham to stand to an award 







Patent to the college bailiff for Yorkshire 



Bond to Pet. Freeh well, esq., to stand by an award 



Letter of attorney relative to lands in Notts. . 



Grant with stipend of a weekly service at Ospryng 



Bond from Ro. Hamond and Jo. Partriche for £20 to 

Edw. Sponer ...... 



From bishop Fisher. Grant to master Wakfeld of the 
coll. emoluments for two years, during his absence 
' by yonde the sea thatt he may be the more expo- 

lite and perfite in the tonge of hebrew' 



Covenant for the dirge of Wm. Fell, D.D. 



Receipt for money paid by Tho. Linacre, M.D., for the 

foundation of a physic lecture 



Grant of an annuity to the prioress of St Sepulchre's, 

Canterbury ...... 



Grant, vnth. stipend, of the chaplaincy of St Mary 

Ospryngestrete ..... 



Grant, with stipend, of the chaplaincy of Higham 



Presentation to Ospring vicarage 



Letters of attorney relative to lands in co. York and 

Derby ....... 



Presentation to Higham vicarage. . . 



Ditto of the chaplain to Rockeland vicarage 



Ditto to Thoryngton rectory 



Ditto to Rokeland vicarage 



Ditto to Ospryng vicarage 



Proxy to the master and 2 fellows to act for the col- 

lege at the visitation of the royal commissioners 



Presentation to Ospryng vicarage 



Ditto to Higham vicarage 



Ditto to Thorington rectory 



Bond to lord Cobham to stand by an award 



Letter of attorney to Dr Metcalfe in the negotiation 

with lord Cobham ..... 



-219. Three general acquittances (Lat.) 



Bond to pay £60 to Dr Thymylby 



Presentation to Higham vicarage 



Bond to lord Cobham to stand to an award 



Presentation to Higham vicarage 



Bond to lord Cobham to stand to an award 



226. Presentations to Aldesworth vicarage 



-229. Three more bonds to lord Cobham as above 



Bond from Wm. Claxton to Nic. Metcalfe 



Acquittance to Joan, relict of Sir Ri. Rokeby, for money 

for the foundation of a fellowship 



Letter of attorney relative to lands in Yorkshire and 

Derbyshire ..... 




233. Presentation to Higham vicarage . 
Description of the " Thin Red Book " 




II. Documents in the 'Thick Black Book' in St John's 
Tkeasuey, from 33 Hen. 8 to 11 Bliz. 


Description of the book . . . . .361 

1 — 4. Copies of leases . . , . . ih. 

5. Bond to Dr Lupton's executors to stand to an award 

respecting his legacies to the college . . ih. 

6. 7. Bond and lease to sir Tho. Eliott . . . ib. 

8. Letters of proxy (Lat.) regarding Horningsey rectory . ih. 

9. Sale (Lat.) of messuage in the parish of St Mary's the 

Virgin, near the market, Cambridge . . 362 

10. Indenture relative to Dr Reston's obit . . . ih. 

11. General acquittance (Lat.) to executor of Wm. Roberts ih. 

12. Letters of proxy (Lat.) to certain persons in respect of 

Aldesworth rectory . . . . . ih. 

13. General acquittance (Lat.) to the college receiver . ih. 

14. Testimonial (Lat.) to Wm. Gokman, B.A. . ih. 

15. Presentation of a priest to Dr Dowlman's chantry in 

St Paul's ih. 

16. Acquittance to Wm. Laurence .... ih. 

17. Acquittance [erased] ..... ih. 
18 — 22. Copies of leases . . . . .363 

23. 23*. Testimonials (Lat.) to Rob. Hebilthwayte, M.A. and 

Leon. Watson, B.A. . . . . . ih. 

24. Appointment (Lat.) with stipend of chaplain and 

schoolmaster to Ospringe .... ih. 

25. Lease (Asshewell, Herts.) . . . . ih. 

26. Sale to the king of Knoll grove, Bggam . . ih. 
27 — 31. Copies of leases . . . . . ih. 

32. Appointment (Lat.) with stipend of chaplain and 

schoolmaster to Osprynge .... 364 

33. Lease (parsonage and lordship of Hedcorne) . . ih. 

34. Letters of attorney regarding Knoll grove . . ih. 

35. To a judge asking him to stand their friend at Bedford 

assizes ....... ih. 

36. Presentation (Lat.) to Higham vicarage . . . ih. 
37 a. 37 b. 38. Deeds relative to lands in Much and Little 

Bradley and Little Thurlow .... ih. 

39. To bishop Holgate of Llandaflf relative to a threatened 

attempt on the endowment of Sedbergh : collated 

with the copy printed in Aschami Epistolae . ih. 

40. To the Sedbergh trustees, on the same subject . ib. 



41. Testimonial (Lat.) to Rob. Roch or Roke, B.A. . 

42. Copy of lease of the 'ferme of the great barne nigh 

unto the stone crosse in Huntingdon waie and the 
chalke pittes there' . . . • • 

43. 44. Copies of leases (tenements in Cambridge) . 

45. Letters of attorney (Lat.) to two persons to appear at 

the court of Buckcrosstone . . . • 

46. Appointment, with stipend, of chaplain and curate to 

Horningseye ...••• 

47. Presentation to Aldesworth vicarage 

48 a. 48 b. Documents relative to Dr Lupton's foundation 

of scholarships for Sedbergh . 
49.50. Copies of leases 

51. Testimonial to Jo. Rawlinsou, M.A. 

52. 53. Letters of attorney (Lat.) to certain persons to ap- 

pear at the Staveley and Scaresdale manor courts 

54. General acquittance (Lat.) to the coll. receiver 

55. 56. Copies of leases 
57. Appointment (Lat.) of a general receiver 
58 — 62. Copies of leases 
63. Bond from the general receiver to discharge his oflBce 

faithfully .... 

64 — 68. Copies of leases 
69. Appointment (Lat.) of steward of coll. manors in Hunts, 

Beds., and Herts. 
^0. Copy of lease of 'the farm of the great barn,' same as 

no. 42 above .... 
71. Presentation to Aldesworth vicarage 
72 — 74. Copies of leases 

75. Receipt from Wm. Lawrence 

76. Do. from Hen. Comberford 

77. Letters of attorney to two persons to appear for the 

coll. in the Yorkshire courts . 

78. Copy of lease (Steple Morden), 

79. Bond to Randall Hall to stand to an award 
80 — 83. Copies of leases 

84. Letter (Lat.) from the president and fellows to the 

duke of Somerset on admitting Wm. Bill, master 

85. Letters of attorney to two persons to maintain the coll 

title to certain lands . 

86. Receipt from Wm. Lawrence 

87. Copy of lease (Higham manor, &c.) 

88. Letter (Lat.) from the coll. to protector Somerset writ 

ten by Ascham; here collated with the printed copy 
in Aschami Epistolae 

89. A shorter letter (Lat.) to the same, to the same effect 

90. Letter (Lat.) to Wm. Cicell master of requests . 


























91 . Letter (Lat.) to Jo. Cheke, collated with copy printed in 
Aschami Epistolae 
Sale of timber and underwood to Tho. Bellyald 
Appointment of a collector general 
Do. of steward of the manors in Kent 
Do. of steward of the manors in Essex . 
Copy of lease (Higham as 87 with addition) 
Receipt and general acquittance to Dr Jo. Tailer and 

bp. Pilkington masters 
Promise from Dr Tailer to pay for any missing property 
100. Presentation (Lat.) to vicarages of Higham and 
Ospring .... 

Covenant with the vicar of North Stock to rebuild the 

vicar's mansion 
General acquittance (Lat.) to coll. receiver 
Indenture relative to Bayley fellowship 
104 — 110. Copies of leases 

No. 107 is of the ' stone howse ' in S. Sepulchre's parish ; 
part of the rent of 109 is 2 capons at Christmas. 
Letter (Lat.) to sir Ant. Denney ; thanks for his services 

regarding Sedbergh school 
Letter (Lat.) to the duke of Somerset praying for his 

assistance in behalf of Sedbergh school 
Letter (Lat.) to sir Ant. Denney by Ascham, collated 

with the printed copy in his Epistolae 
Letter (Lat.) to the duke of Somerset by Ascham 
Reasons against selling the Sedbergh estates 
115. 116. Deeds relative to the sale of land at Milton and 

Chesterton ..... 
117 — 120. Copies of leases .... 

121. Patent for appointing the college bailiff in Kent 

122. 123. Copies of leases .... 

124. Letter (Lat.) to the marquis of Northampton by As 

cham, collated as above 
125 — 129. Testimonials (Lat.) to five fellows . 

130. Lease of a garden in ' S. Sepulchre's commonly called 

the Round parish ' . 

131. Proxy (Lat.) to certain persons in regard to Horning- 

sey parsonage ..... 
1.32 — 134. Copies of leases .... 

The rent of 134 is 20 'tidie' carcasses of fat wethers or 
.£3. Gs. 8d. instead. 
Royal letters patent for 'the erection of the kinge's 

schole at Sedbergh ' . 
Testimonial (Lat.) to Chas. Wright, B.A. 
Same as 134, but more at large . . • • 

Copy of lease 4 Nov. 5 Edw. 6. rent ns. 4d. and 2 





















quarters of wheat or 16s. The first mention of a 
corn-rent ; a memorandum adds ' this covenant of 
wheat was released.' 

139. Presentation (Lat.) to Thorington rectory 

140. Testimonial (Lat.) to Leon. Pilkington . 

141. Copy of lease (Cottenham) 

142. Letter to Dr Tayler, dean of Lincoln, sometime master. 

on the reversion of Ramwrick farm . 
143 — 147. Copies of leases , . . • 

148. Wm. Colman's bond of .£200 to raise a sea wall 
149 a. General acquittance (Lat.) to Dr Byll, late master 
149 b. Dr. Byll's undertaking to make good any missing pro 
perty of the college which may have been in his 
possession ... 
150 — 153. Copies of leases .... 

154. 155. Deed of sale (Lat.) of Blunham mills 

156 — 158. Copies of leases .... 

The tenant in the last covenants to serve the coll. with 
good and suflBcient ' moton' at Ss. 8d. the carcase of 34 lb, 
159. Patent appointing steward of the manors in Hunts., 
Beds, and Herts. .... 

160 — 163. Copies of leases , . . , 

164. Testimonial (Lat.) to Jo. Lakyne, B.A. . 

Permission to alienate the lease of Ospringe parsonage 
Copy of lease (Horningsey parsonage) . 
Testimonial (Lat.) to Alex. Smythe, B.A. 
168. 169. Presentations to Thorington and Northstoke 
170. Licence for the alienation of the lease of Ramerwick 
manor ...... 

Copy of lease (land at Comberton) 

Receipt to Wm. Laurence 

Patent constituting a receiver of Bromehall manor 

Receipt to Tho. Mynors .... 

Patent appointing college auditor 
Presentation to Ospringe vicarage 
184. Copies of leases .... 

Letter (Lat.) to qu. Mary on the wi-ongs sustained by 
the coll. by the loss of the foundress' estates, etc.— 
the consequent inadequacy of the endowments — if 
the queen will aid them, they will pray for her as a 
second foundress • . . , . 
Bond to Jo. Blythe, M.D. to stand by an award 
Presentation to Ospringe vicarage 
1 88—1 90. Letters (Lat.) to bps. Watson of Lichfield, Thirlby 
of Ely, and abp. Heath of York, pleading the coll. 
poverty and losses, and asking their influence with 
tlie queen and cardinal to relieve them . 378 380 























Presentation (Lat.) to Aldesworth vicarage 



Testimonial (Lat.) to Christ". Tatem, M.A. 



Licence for the alienation of a lease in Romney Marsh 



Testimonial (Lat.) to Tho. Shelito, B.A. 



Licence for the sale of a lease .... 



Copy of lease (Marflete) ..... 



-199. Testimonials (Lat.) to three fellows 



Letter (Lat.) to serjeant Dyer, on the suit brought 

against them by one Snagg .... 



Letter (Lat.) to bp. Thirlby of Ely on the reference to 

him of the dispute about Hilton 



Copy of lease (Merflett) ..... 



Appointment of coll. receiver for Bromehall and North- 

stoke ....... 



13 Dec. 3 and 4 Ph. and Mary, Lease of Hedcorn par- 
sonage, at a rent of 33s. 4(?. and 10 quarters of wheat 
'good swet sufficient well dressed and able stuff 
after 65. 8d. a quarter or elles and in the stede of 
the same 10 quarters of wheat £3. 6s. 8d. at the 

election of the coll.' ..... 


From this time corn-rents become general, the college 

reserving to itself the option of taking 6s. 8d. instead 

of a quarter of wheat. The entry below no. 209 shews 

this system worked favorably for the coll. 


Copy of lease (tenement at Tuxforth) . 



Prosy to certain persons to appear in the v.c.'s court 

in the suit against Dr Blyth .... 



Appointment of coll. receiver for Bromhall, Oxon, and 

Berks. ...... 



209. Copies of leases. The rent of 209 is 54*. or 40s. 8d. 
and 2 quarters of wheat, as the coll. shall choose. 
There is a ' Mdum.' to this that in the 3rd Eliz. the 
tenant at 'his great suete' obtained exemption 
from the 2 qrs. of wheat, on condition of paying 205. 

over and besides his accustomed rent 



211. Presentations to Ospringe vicarage and to that of 

Sounnynge Hyll ..... 



-218. Copies of leases ; (all at corn rents) 



Receipt to Wm. Lawrence .... 



-222. Copies of leases (corn rents) 



224. Testimonials (Lat.) to Wm. Atkynson, B.A., and 

Tho. Croft, M.A 



Presentation (Lat.) to card. Pole of the vicar of Head- 
corne ; the name afterwards altered to abp. Parker 

and the vicarage to Ospringe, etc. 



9 July, 1558. Licence to alienate the lease of North- 

stoke parsonage ..... 





227.229. Receipts to Wm. Lawrence . ■ ■ 382 

A note adds that 227 was cancelled and 229 written, on 
account of the death of queen Mary in the interim. 
228. Appointment of a receiver for Ramerwyke manor . 383 

230. Same as 226 altered to 1 Eliz. . . . . ih. 

231. 232, Copies of leases . . . . ih. 

233. Appointment of a steward of various manors . . tt>. 

234. Receipt to the executors of Tho. Merell of ' a flat pece 

or bole of sylver parcell gylt,' also 'an Elyote's dic- 
tionary to be cheyned in the lybrary ' . . ih. 

235. Conveyance to the college from Rob. Raye of Cam- 

bridge 'aylbruer' of a debt due to him from Tho. 
. Barnes .... ■ . ib. 

236 — 241. Copies of leases . . . . . ih. 

242 Letters of attorney (Lat.) to Tho. Cobbe and Godfr. 

Swane ...... 384 

243. Letter (Lat.) to W. Cecil hoping for a continuance of the 

favour he has always shewn the college . . ih. 

244 — 2,54. Copies of leases . . . . . ih. 

No. 246—248 have to deliver to the college in addition 
to the rent, the former 2 'gudd and well brawned boores,' 
the latter ' a good sownd and well fedd brawne ;' 253 has 
to find 'iiij faire pyckes ij of xviij ynches and ij. of xvj 
of cleane fyshe betwyxe the heade and the tayle at too 
seuerall tymes in the yeare,' two on May 6, two on Whit- 
255. Testimonial to Gilb. Holme, B.A. . . . 385 

256 — 271. Copies of leases .... 385 386 

272. Copy of lease to the college cook of ' the newe howsse 

afoure the college gates ' and the farm of the great 

barn mentioned above, page xxviii. no. 42, 70 . 387 

273. Copy of lease of the manor and lands at Thriplowe, re- 

serving to the society the right to the hall, &c. ' for 
to he and be in tyme of sickenes and all other tymes 

attherplesure' . . . . . ih 

274. Copy of lease. Land in Tofte ■ . . . ih 

275. Appointment of two persons as receivers for Yorkshire ih. 

276. Copy of lease (moiety of Rorethe manor) , . {f,^ 

277. Letters of attorney to take possession of Rydgwell manor ih. 

278. Appointment of a receiver for Kent, &c. . ij)_ 

279. Receipt to Wm. Laurence . . . . ih 
280.281. Copies of leases .... ^^ 
282. Acquittance (Lat.) to bp. Pilkington, late master . 388 
283 — 289. Copies of leases • • ■ . . ih 

No. 287 ' must glue euerie Ashewensday to y^ companie 
one pike being xxti Inches in cleane fishe, the bringer 
therof to have for his paynes xijd.' 



290. Commission to certain parties to survey various college 

manors ...... 389 

291 — 298. Copies of leases . . . . . ib. 

299. Letters of attorney (Lat.) to Godfrey Swane and Geo. 

Boulton ...... 390 

300—307. Copies of leases . . . . . ib. 

305 has the stipulation, ' the tenants shall find the M' 
of the saied CoUedge or anye of the Fellowes and their 
seruauntes Lodgings and horse meate for ij dales or ij 
nightes whensoeuer they come to vewe the Lands there, 
so that they excede not the numbre of iiij persons, or 
make this their vewe or surueye above once in iiij 

308. Testimonial (Lat.) for Chr. Fowill, B.A., altered into Jo. 

Berriman, M.A. ..... ih. 

309. Copy of lease, tenements and lands, Steeple Morden . ih. 

The tenant to ' delyver for 6 y^ars space every yere a 

310. Copy of lease, tenements and lands in Howlbeache, etc. 391 

Contains a stipulation for ' mannes meate and horse 
meate,' similar to No. 305 above. 
311 — 328. Copies of various leases . . . 391,392 

324. Receipts to Wm. Laurence .... 392 
325 — 329. Letters (Lat.) respecting one Snagg to Sir Wm. 
Cecill and others ; he is again invading their posses- 
sions ; his wealth devours their indigence, etc. . ib. 
See no. 200 above and 335 below. 
330 a. b. Deeds relating to the lease of Douncorte manor . 393 

331. Agreement for the partition of the manor of Holbyche . ib. 

332. Appointment (Lat.) of a receiver for Kent, etc. . ib. 

333. Presentation (Lat.) to Thorington rectory . . ib. 

334. Copy of lease ('Prieste's more,' etc. at Sunninghill) . ib. 

335. Bond to Tho. Snagge to abide by the award of Sir W. 

Cecill . . ..... ^■&, 

(See 325—329 above). 
336 — 339. Copies of leases . . . . . ib. 

In 337 the tenant 'must paye yerelie, over and besides 
his rent, a bore or 20s. to the College.' 

340. Full acquittance (Lat.) to Leon. Pilkyngton, late master 394 

341. Licence to alienate a close of the 'graunge' farm at 

Cambridge ..... ib. 

343 — 345. Copies of leases . '. . . . ib. 

346. Presentation to Higham vicarage . . . ib. 
348. 349. Licences for the alienation of leases, etc. . ib. 

347. 350—352. Copies of leases .... ib. 



III. From the 'Thin Black Book' in St. John's 

Treasury. 13 Eliz.— 35 Eliz. . . S95- 


Description of the book . . . • • 



Letter (Lat.) to Dr Humfrey, pres. Magd. coll. Oxon. 
Written by Jo. Beacon, thanking him for his support 

in their poverty . . . ■ • 



Fragments of letters about Bromhall, &c. 



Letter (Lat.) to lord Burghley, written by Jo, Beacon. 

Thanks for procuring sir Ambr. Cave's donation, etc. 



Letter (Lat.) to the earl of Leicester on ' steps to better 

the state of the scholars' .... 



Letter (Lat.) to lord Burghley. Thanks for preventing 

the further intermission of the fellowship election, etc. 



Letter (Lat.) to the earl of Huntingdon. Attribute their 
success in the Sedbergh case to his lordship's zeal 

for their interest , . . . • 



Letter (Lat.) to bp. Parkhurst of Norwich. Thanks for 
the bishop's goodwill, beg him to complete what he 

has begun ...... 



Letter (Lat.) to dean Goodman of "Westminster. Thanks 

for the foundation of scholarships 



Letter (Greek) written by Andr. Downes. Thanks to a 

lady who and her husband were benefactors 



Letter (Lat.) to lord Burghley asking for a licence in 

mortmain ...... 



Copy of lease (tenement and lands at Tuxforthe) 



Letter (Lat.) of attorney relative to Downecourt manor 



Presentation (Lat.) to Northestoke vicarage to the 

bishop of Lincoln ..... 


14 — 16. Copies of leases ..... 



Alteration of no. 13 to abp. Parker 



-22. Copies of leases ..... 
No. 19 is for the same property as 287 above p. xxxii, 
the tenant to find one good pike of 22 in. ' from the 
eie to the crotche of the tayle,' to be delivered 
to the college on Ash-Wednesday morning, the ' 
bearer to receive 12c?. for his pains. 



Sale of wood on the farm at Great Bradley 



Imperfect lease of Horningsey parsonage 



Receipt for £90. to Jo. Thurlestone for the mainte- 

nance of a scholar ..... 



Copy of lease of Hedcorne parsonage 



Covenant for the foundation of Thurlestone's scholarship 



Receipt to Wm. Lawrence .... 



Letter (Lat.) of attorney to three fellows for the ma- 

nagement of the coll. estates 





Copy of lease of Thriplowe manor. 
Contains the same stipulation as no. 273, p. xxsii; of the 
society's right 'there for to lie and be in tyme of 
sicknes,' etc. 



Letter (Lat.) of attorney relative to sir Ambr. Cave's 

benefactions ..... 



Licence for the alienation of a lease at Ospringe 



Letter of attorney (Lat.) to take possession of 'Le 

Swanne ' in St Clement's parish 



Presentation to Higham vicarage 



Receipts to Wm. Lavsrence .... 



Copy of lease of Hornyngsey rectory 
The tenant to find 2 good and well brawned boars on 
1 Dec"^ or 33*. A.d. ; to supply bread, wine, and other 
necessaries for the sacrament, also every quarter of 
a year to deal to the poorest of the parish 1 qu. of 
wheat, ' also he shall provide an honest competent 
dynner or drinkinge for any preacher that shall 
come thither and preache at his owne propre costes 
and charges, or else paie I2d. to the preacher.' 



-51. Copies of leases .... 399 



Presentation (Lat.) to Jo. Whitgift, v. c, of Jo. Still, 
B.D. , elected master by a majority of the fellows, 

for admission ...... 



Appointment (Lat.) to the stewardship of the manors in 

Kent and Berks ..... 



Copy of lease (Kirkbies manor) 



56. Presentations (Lat.) to Higham and Northstoke vica- 

rages ....... 



Letter of attorney (Lat.) to the bursar regarding the 

coll. estates ...... 



Licence to underlet Brumhall and other estates 



Copy of lease of tenement and land at Danthorp at a 
rent of 44s. 2d. 3 qrs. of wheat and 4 bushels of 
malt (or the value of the wheat and malt in the 

Cambridge market) ..... 


A note remarks ' here corne money begann,' but see 

nos. 204, 209, p. xxxi above. 


Copy of lease (land at Uppaule in Holderness) . 



Receipt to Wm. Laurence .... 



Licence to alienate the lease of Rawerithe manor 



-77. Copies of leases . . . . 401- 



Licence to alienate the lease of Brumhall 



Letter of attorney to recover debts due to the coll. 



Presentation to Ospringe vicarage 



Copy of lease (Hedcorne, Upchurch, &c.) 



Receipt to Dr Beacon for 100 marks 








97 a. 


Copy of lease (Woodhowse, York) . . .403 

Letter of attorney (Lat.) to take possession of a tene- 
ment in London . . . . . ib. 

Copy of lease of the above tenement . . . 404 

Licence of alienation of a messuage etc. . . . ib. 

Bond to Mildred lady Burghley of ^40 for keeping 

up fires in hall . . . . . ib. 

88. Licence for alienation of a lease .... ib. 

89.90. Copies of leases . . . . . ib. 

91. Licence for alienation of a lease .... ib. 

Copy of lease (Sonningehill) . . . . ib. 

Appointment (Lat.) of auditor . . . . ib. 

Licence for alienation of a lease .... ib. 

a, b, c. Documents relating to the foundation of dean 

Goodman's scholarships .... 405 

Letter of attorney to take possession of Hedcome par- 
sonage . . . . . . ib. 

Tripartite indenture relative to Shrewsbury school 
between the bp. of Lichfield, the corporation of 
Shrewsbury, and the college and the late and pre- 
sent masters ^ . . . . 405 — 407 

Specifies the benefactions and conditions of Bdw. 6th, 
the benefactions of qu. Eliz., the payments of the 
town, etc., states that statutes have been made by 
the town vdth the advice of the bp. for the govern- 
ment of the school, and that Tho. Asheton, late head 
master, has devised orders for the employment Of 
the revenues for the maintenance of the school, etc., 
which rides the bishop, the town, the colL and the 
masters, pi'omise obedience to. 
'97 b. Twenty-one ordinances made by Tho. Aston or Asheton 
mentioned in the above indenture for the employ- 
ment of the revenues for the maintenance of the 
school and other charges on the fund . 407 — 409 
97 c. Ordinances made by the bailifis and burgesses of 
Shrewsbury, with the consent of the bp. of Lich- 
field, 'concerninge the rule and governement of the 
schoolemasters and schollers' . . 409 413 

98. Appointment of two fellows to re-enter the coll. lands, 

recover rents, &c. . . . . .413 

99. Presentation (Lat.) to Aldesworth vicai-age . . ^j. 
100 a — 101. Copies of leases . . . . , {^ 

102. Appointment of coll. auditor . . . . . 414 

103. Certificate of the death of Jas. Sraithe, late fellow . {]!), 

104. Copy of lease (erased) Little Paxton . . . .^-j 

105. Presentation to Higham vicarage . . . ^-j 

106. 107. Copies of leases • < ■ . . ib. 



108. Letter (Lat.) to lord Burghley, thanks for his late 

benefit ...... 414 

109. Mildred lady Burghley having bestovred on the coll. 

one great large bible in eight volumes, the coll. 
: covenants it shall be ' well and safelie kept cheyned 
in the library' . . . . . ib. 

110. Appointment (Lat.) of the steward of the manors in 

Yorkshire . . . . . . ib. 

111. Indenture relative to lord Burghley's benefaction and 

the annual sermons at Stamford and Cheshunt . 415 

112. Letter (Lat.) to lord Burghley. Notice for his lord- 

ship to nominate two scholars at the coming election 416 

113. Copy of lease, Hedcorne parsonage . . . ib. 

114. Leave to the bailiffs and schoolmaster of Shrewsbury 

to take funds for the school and for the repair of 
the chapel in St Mary's church . . . ib. 

115—122. Copies of leases .... 416,417 

122*. Licence for the alienation of a lease . . . 417 

123. 124. Copies of leases . . . . . ib. 

125. Presentation to springe vicarage . .■ . ib- 

126 — 128. Licences for the alienation of leases . . ib. 

129 a, b, c. Documents regarding the foundation of Mrs. 

Jermin's scholarship . . . 417, 418 

130. Letters of attorney to enter the coll. estates in Berks, etc. 418 
131—134. Copies of leases . . . « 418,419 

135. 1 Aug. 1583. 'A copie of a lettre from the bailiffs of 

Shrewsburye' announcing the resignation of Mr. 
Lawrence the head master and that Mr Baker the 
second master refuses ' to supplie the rowme,' and 
desiring the college to elect a suflBcient person who 
for his ' learninge, grauitie, audacitie, invention, wis- 
dome, and discretion' may be for the good example 
of posterity . . . . . .419 

136. Answer to the above. The college commend the bearer 

Jo. Mehen, M.A., as very sufficiently qualified for 
the mastership . . . . . ib. 

137 — 145. Copies of leases ..... 420 
146 a, b. Documents regarding Mr. D. Gwin's foundation 420 — 422 

147. Lease of Northstocke parsonage, the tenant to dis- 

charge the coll. of 5 marks due yearly to Walling- 
ford college, and of 17^. 8d. for synods and procura- 
tions due to the archd. of Oxford . . , 422 

148. Copy of lease (Westmarkham) .... ib. 

149. Bond of ^160 to Alice Graunt, of Wakefeilde, widow, 

for the foundation of a fellowship . . . ib. 

150 a, b, c, d. Indenture and other deeds between deans 
Newell and Goodman and the college regarding the 



sermons and charities at Cheshunt founded by lady 

Burghley 422 



152. Copies of leases ..... 



Presentation (Lat.) to Thurrington rectory 



^157. Copies of leases ..... 



Presentation (Lat.) to Thurrington rectory 



-161. Testimonials for orders to Gualter Mershe, Jas. 

Brooke, M.A., and Tho. Corbridge, B.A. 



163. Copies of leases ..... 



Letter from Dr Goodman recommending, on behalf of 

lady Burghley, Jo. Ogle to one of her scholarships 



Copy of lease (Little Marcham, &c.) 



Indentures with lady Burghley regarding her benefac- 

tions to Romford and other places . 



Letter from the visitors altering a clause relative to 

medical fellows ..... 



Testimonial for orders to Jo. Conyers, B.A. 



-172. Copies for leases .... 425 



Licence of aUenation of a lease .... 



Copy of lease to Rob. Streinsham ' of all such housinge 
and rooms and garden heretofore reserved for the 

chantry priest of Ospringe ' . 



Copy of lease to Bdw. earl of Rutland . 



Letter (Lat.) to lord Burghley. Beg his assistance in 
procuring satisfaction from the widow of one master 
Greenstrete, who had cut down part of Ospringe 
wood. Hearing that Mrs Francke, a widow, intends 
to give property to some college, beg his lordship to 
bend the widow's wavering and straying thoughts 

to St John's ...... 



Testimonial for orders to Edw. Bindles, M.A. . 



-192. Copies of leases .... 426, 


In No. 183, the pond-yard in St Clement's, the tenant has 

to find 4 pikes, 2 of 8 in., 2 of 16 ; 2 on 6 May, 2 on 

Whit- Wednesday, as before, see No. 253, p. xxxii. 


Licence for alienation of a lease .... 



Copy of lease (Horningseye) .... 



' Copie of a lettre sent from Pocklington schoole ', relat- 

ing to a vacant Dowman scholarship 



-198. Copies of leases • • . . . 


197 for Thriplowe manor, has the same stipulation for 

the use of the hall in time of sickness, as in no. 273, 

p. xxxii, and no. 30, p. xxxv, as above. 


Letter of attorney to two fellows to solicit and receive 

gifts and legacies for the coll. 



Letter from the baiUflfs of Shrewsbury. The third 

mastership is vacant, they recommend Wm.Baily,B.A. 




201. The coll. in reply. Have chosen Baily . . .429 

202. The bailiflfs to the coll. Great sums needed for re- 

pairs, and for building a library and gallery ; request 

the coll. consent . . . . , ib. 

203. The college consent to the taking from the stock re- 

manent so much as shall suffice for the above . ih. 

204. Letter from the queen, nominating Humfr. Hammon, 

M.A., to bp. of Ely's fellowship, sede vacante . ih. 

205. Letter from Sir Francis Walsingham regarding Harri- 

son retaining his fellowship while absent, Sir Wm. 
Fitzwilliams, lord deputy of Ireland, having chosen 
him to be with him ..... ^&. 

205.* Licence for alienation of a lease . . . . ih. 

206. Letter of attorney to Fras. Snell, B.D., fellow, to solicit 

gifts and bequests . . . . . ih. 

207.208. Copies of leases . . . . . ih. 

209. Licence for alienation of a lease . . . ih. 

210. Presentation (Lat.) to Thorrington rectory . . ib. 

211. Terms of the foundation of Thos. Conye . . 430 
212 — 215. Copies of leases . . . . . ih. 

216. Licence for alienation of a lease . . . . 431 

217. 218. Presentation (Lat.) of Bryan Tayler to Thurring- 

ton rectory and his testimonial for orders . . ih. 

219. To 'the Feoffyes and Superuisors' of Rivington, re- 

questing them to admit Zach. Saunders master . ih. 

220. Copy of lease (garden in St Clement's) . . . ib. 

221. Indenture for ' the foundation of a Fellowshippe and 

twoe Schollerships by Henrie Heblethwayte citizen 

of London ' . . . . . , ih. 

222. Licence for alienation of 220 above . . . 432 

223. Letter of attorney to the bursars to recover all debts 

due to the college ..... ^&. 

224. Licence for alienation of a lease .... ib. 
225 — 228. Copies of leases . . . . . ih. 

No. 228, fish-ponds at Barway, repeats the stipulation 
mentioned above, no. 287, p. xxxii; no. 19, p. xxxiv, 
of 2 good pikes of 22 in. ' to be moten according to 
the vsuaU meating of pikes ' etc. 

229. Licence to alienate 225 above . , . . ib, 

230. Do. Do. for 227 and 228 . . .433 
231 — 237. Copies of leases . . . . . ib, 
238. Licence of alienation of a lease . . ' . ih, 
239. 240. Copies of leases . . . ■ . ib, 

240 is to the vicar of Ospringe 'from year to year for 19 
years, if he live so long and is not otherwise pro- 
vided for ', under certain conditions. 



241. Letter of attorney to receive seisin of 2 tenements of 

aid. Henr. Billingsley . . . . • 434 

242. Copy ' of lease of the graunge or S. John's barns ' . ih. 

243. Terms in regard to ' Mr Billingsley his foundation of 

three schollerships ' . . . . . ih. 

244 — 246. Copies of leases ..... t&. 

247. 248. Licences to alienate leases .... 435 

249 — 251. Copies of leases . . . ' . ih. 

260 of Horningsey rectory includes '2 good and well 

brawned bores (or 40*.),' and the same stipulation 

mentioned above, no. 36, p. xxxv. 

252. Presentation (Lat.) to Higham vicarage . . ih. 

253. Licence to alienate a lease . . . . ih. 

254. Presentation (Lat.) to Higham vicarage . . ih. 
255—270. Copies of leases . . . . 435, 436 

270 is to Jo. Dobson of Marflett, minister and preacher of 
the word of God, ' towards the mantenance of his 
house, his wife and children' 

271. Presentation (Lat.) to Higham vicarage . . 436 

272. Letter of attorney to the president and senior bursar 

to recover debts . . . . .437 

273. 274. Copies of leases . . . . . ih. 
Memoranda on the fly-leaf of the ' thin black book ' relat- 
ing to the ' Hennes at Shrovetide ' and the fellows' 

and scholars' dividends .... ih. 

IV. From the White Vellum Book in the College 

Teeasijry. 35 Eliz.— 7 Jac. I. . 437—461 

Description of the book . . . . . 437 

1 to 6. Copies of leases • . . . . ih. 

No. 6 is for the pond-yard in St Peter's parish, the tenant 

finding 3 pikes, each of 16 in. clean fish between the 

head and tail, one at Lady-day, one at Mich., one on 

the first Friday ' in cleane Lente.' See no. 1S6, p. xxv. 

7. Letter of attorney to take the 'forfeyture ' of a lease at 

Thriplowe • . . , , 438 

8. Licence to alienate a lease .... ih. 
9 — 12. Copies of leases ■ • . . . ih. 

13. From the queen, requiring the admission of Wm. Cra- 

shawe, B.A., to the vacant bp. of Ely's fellowship, 

sede vacante ••■.., ih 

14. Licence to alienate a lease . . . . ih 
15 — 19. Copies of leases . . . , 433 ^gg 

No. 15 includes in the rent 2 fat capons; no. 18, 6 good 
capons, or 126?. for each ; they occur very frequently 
in subsequent leases. 




20. Presentation to Sunninghill vicarage 


21. Letter of attorney for the forfeiture of a lease at Ram- 

merwick ...... 


22. Deed of sale to the college of a lease of a watermill at 

Hinton ...... 


23—25. Copies of leases . . , , ' . 



2b*. Licence to alienate a lease .... 



27, 28. Copies of leases ..... 


29. Licence of alienation ..... 


30. From the bailiflfs of Shrewsbury. The third master's 

place is void. Name Ra. Gyttins as qualified for it . 



31. Reply to the above ; have elected Gyttins, having had 

experience of his good conversation . 


32. Licence to alienate a lease .... 


33 — 36. Copies of leases ..... 


Each of these includes 2 hens or 16c?. on the Saturday be- 

fore Shrove Sunday. 

37. Licence to alienate a lease 


38 — 45. Copies of leases .... . . 


44 has to find 4 hens, or lOd. for each; 45, 2 good and 


well-brawned boars, or 405. (altered into £3.) 

46. Licence of alienation of the lease ' aforegoinge ' .. 


47 — 52. Copies of leases ..... 


51 is for 'the pondeyard with 13 ponds in St Peter's 

parish ' to find 1 pike (18 in. clean fish) every Sunday 

morning in Lent and 1 on the morning of Easter eve. 

See no. 6 above, p. xl. 

53. Licence of alienation of the lease ' nexte before goinge '. 


54 — 58. Copies of leases . . . . . 


59. Letter of attorney 'to cutte our woodes that are cuttable 

on Carter's hill '..... 


60. Copy of lease (watermill in Faversham) 


61,62. Licencesof alienation of nos. 54 and 55 


63, 64. Copies of leases ..... 


65 a. A letter of attorney to Laur. Perkinson to recover cer- 

tain lands ...... 


65 b. Bond of Laur. Perkinson to endeavour to recover the 

above ...... 


66. Copy of lease (tenement, St Clem, parish) 


67. Licence to alienate the lease of the great barn at the 

town's end ...... 


68. Letter of attorney to sue persons detaining college lands 

or rents ...... 


69 — 71. Copies of leases ..... 


72. ' A lycence of alienation of the lease aforesayde ' 


73 — 86. Copies of leases ..... 


Each of the above, in addition to the rent, has to find 




wheat, malt, and capons, the latter calculated at 12d. 

for each. 
87. Appointment of four syndics for the college in the v. c.'s 

court in a law suit ..... 445 
88 a. b. Copy of lease and licence of alienation of the same . ib. 

89 — 91a. Copies of leases ..... ^&. 

91 b. Licence of alienation for lease ' nexte before goinge ' . ib. 
92—98. Copies of leases ..... ib. 

No. 96, the graunge, or St John's barns, has to find ' a 

goode cleane and well-brawned bore, or 30.?. at 

Christmas ;' no. 98, Hilton manor, the hall, parlour, 

kitchen, and chambers, to be reserved for occupation 

by the college in times of sickness, or whenever they 

shall think good to resort thither. 
99 — 102. Licences of alienation of leases . . . 446 

103 — 106. Copies of leases , . . . . ib. 

107. Letter of attorney to get possession of 106 . . ib. 

108,109. Licences of alienation of leases . . . ib. 

110 a. Copy of lease of Higham, except the parsonage . ib. 

110 b. Copy of lease of Higham parsonage to Pet. Man wood 

during the lives of the longest liver of his sons Tho. 

and Jo., and his wife Frances. . . . ib. 

110 c. and 112. Licences to alienate the above . . ib. 

111. Presentation (Lat.) of Ja. Nelson, M. A., fellow, to the 

mastership at Pocklington .... 447 

113. Indenture with regard to Catherine duchess of Sufi"olk's 

exhibition for 4 poor scholars . . , ib. 

114. Licencesof alienation of 110 a. b. . . . 448 

1 15. Copy of lease of a farm at Steple Morden ; in addition 

to money, wheat and malt, the tenant to find two fat 
sheep or 6*. 8d. for each .... ib. 

116. Letter from the earl of Essex, chancellor . . ib. 
Has chosen Gouldman a fellow to be one of the preachers 

to the army in Ireland ; requests he may retain his 

fellowship in his absence. 
117,118 a. Copies of leases .... ib. 

118b. Licence of alienation for the lease 'nexte before 

goinge' ii,^ 

119,120. Licences of alienation of leases . . . ib. 

121 a. b. Copy of lease to Geo. Day, sen. and jun., with 

licence for alienation of the same . . , ib. 

122—129 b. Copies of leases and licences of alienation , ib. 

No. 126 has to find 6 capons within 20 days of Christmas ; 

no. 127, one good and well-brawned boar, or 30*. on 

St Andrew's day. 
130. Presentation (Lat.) of Mart. Briggs, M.A., fellow, to the 

mastership of Pocklington .... 449 

CONTENTS. xliii 


131, 132. Licences to alienate leases .... 449 

133 — 139. Copies of leases and licences of alienation . ih. 

140. Presentation (Lat.) to Higham vicarage . . 450 

141. Licence of alienation of lease no. 136. . . . ib. 

142. Copy of lease, Ospringe . ... . ib. 

143. Indenture in regard to Mr Spalding's foundation . ih. 

144. Presentation (Lat.) to Higham vicarage . . 451 
145 — 147. Copies of leases and licences of alienation . . ib. 
148. Letter of attorney to recover debts . . . ib. 
149 a. b. Lease and licence of alienation of a messuage in 

Woodstreet, London ..... ^&. 

The principal and largest chamber, or instead thereof 
some other convenient chamber, to be reserved to 
the master, fellows, and scholars ' beinge vpon oc- 
casion of busines in London or theraboute.' 

150. Grant to sir Rob. Cecil to nominate Dr Goodman's 

scholars " . . . . . . ib. 

151. Grant to Eras. Kelsham, gent., of the wardship and 

marriage of the heir of the late Ste. Peend, alias 
Delapeend, he to find some lands to be holden by 
knight's service of the college, etc. etc. . . 452 

152 — 162. Copies of leases and licences for their alienation . ib. 

163. Letter of attorney to recover arrears . . . 453 

164. Letter of attorney regarding Raphe Simmons, Gilbert 

Wigge, and others, on a bond of ^200 (relative to 
the building of the second court) . . . ib. 

165 — 173. ■ Copies of leases and licences for their alienation . ib. 

No. 167 is of a 'new house right ouer against the sayde 
college gates, commonly called by the name of the 

174. General acquittance to Wm. Nicholson, alderman . 454 

175. Presentation to Higham vicarage . . . ib. 
176 a. — 185. Copies of leases and licences for their alienation ib. 

186. Letter of attorney to recover arrears . . • 455 

187. Do. to appear in the v. c.'s court against Wigge and 

Atkinson ...... i'^- 

188 a. —200 b. Copies of leases and licences for their alien- 
ation ...... 'i'b- 

201,203. Patent appointing an auditor . . ■ 457 

202. Leave to Jo. Collins ' to travaile (3 years) beyond the 

seas for his increase in learning ' . . . ib. 

204. General acquittance to aid. Wm. Nicholson . . ib. 

205 a. — 209. Copies of leases and licences of alienation . ib. 

207 and 209 include 'a good cleane and well-brawned 

210. Letter of attorney to enter upon lands at Coton . ib. 

211 — 214. Copies of leases and licences for their alienation . ib. 




No. 212 has a stipulation for a great and good Essex 
cheese betwixt Mich, and Christmas, weighing 4 
stone, (or else 10s.) 

215. Lease to Jo. Drake of Cambridge, gent., of lands in 

Coton and Cambridge fields . . . 458 

' The intent of this is but onelie for the triall of the righte 
of the sayde landes by action to be brought in the 
name of the sayde John Drake.' 

215 b. -Letter of attorney to enter and deliver possession of 

the above lands . . . , . ib. 

216 — 226. Copies of leases with licences for their alienation ib. 

No. 223 is of 'a parcell of grounde at the Castle Eude per- 
tayninge to a Chappell sometimes standinge there, 
called the Chappel of St Johns of Jerusalem.' 

227. Presentation to Northstoke vicarage . . . 459 

228—242. Copies of leases and licences for their alienation ib. 

229, lease of Horningsey, has the same covenants as before, 
2 good and well-brawned boars, or £4, at the choice 
of the college, the tenant if he keep not hospitality 
and dwell there, to give quarterly to the poor a qu. 
of wheat, and to provide a dinner or 12c?. for the 
preacher. See no. 36, p. xxxv. 250, p. xl. above. 
230 a. to pay 40^. on 1 Aug. to buy a well-brawned 

V. Register of Letters in the College Treasury, 
Description of the book ..... 461 

1. Memorandum of the book having been used in some 

legal enquiry about Shrewsbury . . . ih. 

2. Licence (Lat.) of the corporation to the coll. to set up 

gates at the east end of a lane north of the coll. . 462 

3. Letter (Lat.) from coll. to Hen. 8 on the election of Dr 

Tayler as master • ■ ■ . . ib. 

4 and 5. The Id. Crumwell to the coll. on the lease of 

Higham priory ..... ib. 

6. To Mr Langdale at Hilton, to sign 2 leases . . ib. 

1. Nic. Metcalfe to the president, on college business, the 

reformation of the statutes, etc. . . . ib. 

8. The same to the same, about lord Cobhamb's matter 

with regard to the "mannours of Ramericke and 

Blounham" ••.... ib 
9—27. Copies of various letters from the 'thin red book' 

(described pp. 343—347, 353, 354) . 

28. To Hen. 8 on the aggressions of lord Cobham , ^ 464 

29. Letter from bp. Fisher, described above, p. 358 . . ib, 

30. The college to bp Fisher (Lat.) requiring some passages 

in the statutes to be explained, altered, or abolished ib. 




-38. Copies of various letters from the 'thin red book' 


described above, pp. 355, 356 .. . 



To the abbot of Ramsey (Lat.) beggiug him to sell them 

some timber ...... 



To bp Fisher (Lat.) condoling with his sufferings, etc. . 



To Dr Keyton (Lat.) thanks for his liberality . 



Thos. Crumwell to the college, urging them regarding 

the Higham lease ..... 



To secretary Crumwell, answer to the above 



To the bp. of Hereford (see above, p. 354) 



To Crumwell (Lat.) on the lease of Higham 



To Dr Thymblybe (Lat.), begging the loan of his J40 

for a year ...... 



To the lord chancellor (Lat.) relative to their estates at 

Bradley ...... 



49. ' To the masters of Pawles,' presenting priests to 

chantries of Ih- Dowlman's foundation 



-76. Copies of various letters from the ' thin red book ' 

and ' thick black book ' described above 



To sir W. Cecil (Lat.). By his favour the controversy 

with Snagg is ended ..... 



To . Latin letter respecting the estates of Sed- 

bergh school .... 



To the earl of Sussex (Lat.), requesting licence for fell- 

ing trees in Tetenhurst wood 



-103. Copies of letters from the 'thin black book' and 

' white vellum book ' described above 



From the bailiffs of Shrewsbury, soliciting the college 
consent to take money from the school funds to 

build a school house in the countiy . 



Reply to the above, asking further particulars and 

requiring security ..... 



From the bailiffs ; confident of their consent, had made 
preparations for the building; give particulars of the 

school funds ; deny the college right to ask security 



Answer to the above ; their doubtful writing gives 
suspicion ; the college is unsatisfied in any one 

point, desire further particulars, etc. . 



To the bp. of Lichfield on the above demands for 

Shrewsbury school ..... 



To the executors of Mr Geo. Palyn ; have found lands 
for the investment of the J300 left them by the 

testator, and ask for payment of the same . 



To the same ; the extent of their mortmain reaches the 

purchase of the above lands 



To the same, upon the receipt of the legacy, and Mr 

Nelson's poor scholar ..... 




112. To Mr Bends, sending him a letter of attorney to re- 

ceive Sir W. Gee's legacy to the college . . 474 

113. To the townsmen of Pocklinton, on their complaint of 

disorders in the school .... *&• 

114. To Mr Briggs, schoolmaster of Pocklinton, requiring 

his presence to answer the above complaint . . 475 

115. From sir Rog. Wilbraham, master of requests, recom- 

mending from the king Wm. Nesfeild as master of 
Pocklinton .....•«&• 

116. Answer to the above; the election is respited certain 

days, trust to give the king content . . . ih. 

117. From the baiUffs of Shrewsbury, recommending An- 

drew Studly to be second master . . . ih. 

118. From the same, desiring the college to commend an 

able man to be second master . . . 476 

119. Answer to the above, on electing And. Studley . ih. 

120. To sir Rog. Wilbraham. Have elected Ri. Elcock to 

the mastership of Pocklinton . . . . ih. 

121. To Mr Serjeant Hutton, requesting his aid in obtaining 

sir Wm. Gee's legacy . . . . . ih. 

122. To the abp. of York, asking him to join with them in 

procuring from the king power to make laws for 
Pocklinton school . . . . . ih. 

123. From sir Rog. Wilbraham; begs that Elcock may re- 

sign his fellowship in favour of sir Piggott . . 477 

124. Answer to the above; trusts he will not in treat them 

to elect sir Piggott; cannot enforce Elcock's re- 
signation ...... ih. 

125. From sir Tho. Lake; writes on behalf of the king to 

recommend Mr Legge for a fellowship . . ih. 

126. Answer to the above ; would have complied if the letter 

had come in time • ■ . . . ih. 

127. From Ri. Cony; asks for a receipt for his 5 marks . ih. 

128. 129. From sir Tho. Lake ; Legge again recommended 

by the king for a fellowship .... 478 

130. The college reply ; no place actually void . . ih. 

131. To sir Tho. Parry, chancellor of the duchy; ask him to 

consult the statutes of Rivington school and pre- 
vent threatened mischiefs .... ih. 

132. The university to Hen. earl of Northampton, chancel- 

lor, on the disturbances between the proctors and 

the father of the act ... ■ . ih. 

133. From the bailiffs of Shrewsbury asking the college 

consent for the taking of money to build a country 
school house and furnish the library . . . ^-jr,^ 

134. From the same ; owing the doubtfulness of the ground 

for the foundations they need £100 more . . 479 





Answer to the above, consenting to their request 



From the earl of Sujafolk, recommending Jos. Thurston 

to Dr Gwyn for a fellowship .... 



Answer to above, can make no promise 



From the king, requires them to elect Thurston at the 

next election . . . . . . 



From Ohas. Markham and Bridget his wife, relative to 
Mr Booth's legacy for building a conduit in the 

second court ...... 



Answer to the above ..... 



To Mr Aynsworth schoolmaster of Rivington; learn 
he has been removed by the chanc. of the duchy, if 
he has any plea to urge they require his attendance 

at the college ...... 



To the countess of Shrewsbury, asking her consent to 

build a new library adjoining her court 



To Mr Thomas Cooke, upon his bestowing a silver bowl 

on the college ...... 



From the countess of Shrewsbury; recommends one 
Bonnington to succeed his brother, he being dead, 

into a fellowshij) ..... 



From the 'Lo. of Buckingham,' recommending the 

same . . . . . 



Answer to the above ; unable without violence to the 
foundation to elect Bonnington; but grant him .£10 

out of the fine money .... 



To the earl of Southampton, upon his being made privy 

councillor ...... 



From Nic. Felton, bp. of Ely, nominating Jo. Allot, B.A. 

to his fellowship ..... 



From the townsmen of Sevenock, about sending a 
scholar from their school for one of Dokett's scho- 

larships ,....• 



' From our Tennants in Tuxfovd,' about the coll. lands 

presented for the maintenance of Meriall bridge . 



From the town of Colchester, nominating Thomas 

Newcomen to the Lewes scholarship 



From Ri. Neile, bp. of Lichfield, on matters relating to 
Shrewsbury school, especially the election to the 

second mastership^ ..... 



To sir Wm. Lenthall, keeper of the rolls (Lat.), upon 

the dispute relative to their manor at Sedberg 



To sir Francis Thorpe, one of the barons of the Exche- 
quer (Lat.), pray that the cause now brought into his 

court may be finally determined 



To Griffith Bodurda (Lat.), thanks for Walton's poly- 

glot, presented to the library 


xlviii CONTENTS. 


156. The king's mandate for Geo. Seaton, M.A., to be fellow. • 484 

157. To the bp. of Durham, have elected Seaton as a super- 

numerary . r , . . . ib. 

158, To the king (Lat.), have made their statutes wink to 

fulfil his bidding . . . . . ib. 

159, 160. To sir Fras. Bacon (Lat.), about letting Headcorn 

manor to Dr Collins ..... 485 

161. From the bailiflfs of Shrewsbury about founding fellow- 

ships for the school ... . . ib. 

162. Answer to the above . . . . . ib. 

163. To sir Ra. Hare (Lat.), thanks for half year's instal- 

ment for support of students .... ib. 

164. To Dr Williams, congratulating him on being made 

couacillor and lord keeper (Lat.) . . . ib. 

165. Dr Williams's answer (Lat.) .... ib. 

166. From the bailiffs of Shrewsbury; can't find lands in 

soccage tenure for the foundation of scholarships, 
request the coll. consent to a rent charge on lands 
in knight service . , . , . 486 

167. Answer to the above, declining any other tenure but 

soccage . . . . . . ib. 

168. Sir Ea. Hare to Dr Gwyn ; the society should press the 

attorney general about the settlement of his gift . ib. 

169. To the attorney general, begging advice as to the 

settlement of sir Ra. Hare's gift . . . ib. 

170. From the privy council to the university, ordering 

Parens' books to be burnt .... ?'&. 

171. 172. From the baili0"s of Shrewsbury to Dr Gwyn, on 

the foundation of scholarsliips for Shropshire ; can- 
not agree to the college proposal . . . ^■J. 

173. Answer to the above; have sent Mr Andrew Wood 

with instructions to treat . . , .487 

174. From W. Bedell, on the nomination to the first Lewes 

scholarship •••... ib 

175. 176. From the bailiffs of Shrewsbury; send a draught 

of the bargain relative to the rent-charge and ask 

for leave to take £320 from the school chest . ib. 

177. Answer to the above; would have given leave if secu- 
rity had been sent ■ • . . , ih 

J78. From Id. keeper Williams requesting leave of absence 

for his chaplain Downhalt for three years . . ib, 

179. To lord keeper Williams about pontage money charged 

on Histon manor . . . _ ^gg 

180. From the king, commanding them to choose the most 

worthy to a fellowship • ■ . . ib 

181. To sir Ra. Hare; send a rough draught of his gift, re- 

quest him to revise it . . . . , .^-^ 





To the feoffees of Sedberg ; have elected Gilbert 

Nelson master, request information etc. 



To sir Hen. Spelman (Lat.); thanks for his advice to 

sir Ra. Hare . 



To Dr Carey, bp. of Exeter (Lat.), on the new library . 



To lord keeper Williams (Lat.), on the same subject . 



To the bailiffs of Shrewsbury, on the annuity for two 

scholarships . .... 



From the bailiffs on the same subject . 



College answer to the above . , 



From the brewers' company on the mastership of 

Aldenham school ..... 



From the bailiffs of Shrewsbury relative to the money 

for the country school and the scholarships . 



From the president and seniors in reply to the above . 



From the brewers' company, requesting them to nomi- 

nate three persons for the mastership at Audenham. 



From the brewers' company ; request a new nomina- 

tion as only one of the three remained (Greenwood) 



Answer to the above ; they abide by their nomination 

of Greenwood ...... 



To the brewers' company, thanks for Greenwood's 

election ...... 



197. To the Id. keeper Williams (Lat.), thanks for all 

his benefactions to the college 



From Nic. Felton, bp. of Ely, on being requested by some 

of the fellows to interpret certain clauses in the statutes 



Answer of the president and seniors to the above 



From secretary Conway, leave of absence to be granted 

to Rob. Mason ..... 



From the earl of Southampton for leave of absence for 

Lane his chaplain ..... 



From Jo. Jacob and Thos. Wilmer to Dr Gwyn, on Jas. 
Chamber's benefaction for a sermon in Royston 

church ....... 



Answer to the above ..... 



To visct. Dunbar on the abatement of arrears on a col- 

lege farm at Holderness .... 



To sir Ra. Crewe, congratulations on his advancement 

to be lord chief justice .... 



From the duke of Buckingham, on leave of absence for 

Rob. Mason ...... 



Answer to the above ..... 



From Chas. I. to the earl of Suffolk, chancellor, on the 

restoration of discipline .... 



From the earl of Suffolk to the heads of houses, on the 

same subject ...... 






To the feoffees of Rivington school, appointing Hy, 

Bodurda to the mastership . , . • 



The king to the university, on the election of Bucking- 

ham as chancellor ..... 



The duke of Buckingham to the same, on his 

election ...... 



From Buckingham ; Dan. Ambrose M.A. fellow, to have 


leave of absence ..... 



The countess of Southampton to Dr Gwyn, sends books 


given to the library by her husband . 


* ■ 215. 

From the president and seniors, letter of thanks for 

the above ...... 



To Jo. Williams, bp. of Lincoln, in praise of the library. 


Send their account book. .... 


I 217. 

From the earl of Barkshyre, to those who voted for 

him as chancellor ..... 


^ • 218. 

To the commission of sewers in Yorkshire, on the re- 

paration of sea banks ..... 



From the king, exempting John Tompsou M.A. from 


proceeding to orders ..... 



From the bailiffs of Shrewsbury, the abp. of Canterbury 
has asked for an allowance for a preacher at Cher- 
bury; their school in great decay, the second and 


third masters have resigned, pray their special care 

in the choice of their successors 



From the same, enclosing a copy of the abp.'s letter . 



Copy of the abp.'s letter ..... 



From the president and seniors, recommending them 

to yield to the abp.'s request .... 



From the king, Rt. Mason to have all profits during his 

absence ...... 




From the bailiffs of Shrewsbury, notifying the actual 
avoidance of the 2d and 3d masterships, and other 


school matters ...... 



Answer to the above, nominating the two masters, etc. 



From the king, dispensation to Rt. Mason to keep his 


fellowship ...... 



To Thos. Morton, bp. Lichfield (Lat.), thanks for his gift 

to the library ...... 



To sir R. Hutton, justice of common pleas, about col- 
lege lands indicted for the repairs of Merryall 

bridge . . 


1 230. 

Sir R. Hutton's reply— the matter has not been before 


him — will befriend the college. 


\> 231. 

From bp. Morton (Lat.), sends more books with some 


of his own works ..... 



The college reply (Lat.) ..... 






The king to the university, recommending the earl of 

Holland for chancellor .... 



The vice-chancellor's letter to the king, laments Buck- 

ingham's murder — hopes to content the king 



Buckingham to the university, has commended them to 

the king, etc. during his absence 



From the earl of Holland, Wm. Norwich B.A. named 

for a Cambridge fellowship ; leaves the college free 



From the earl of Salisbury, nominating Ernest Carey to 

a scholarship in his gift .... 



To the marq. of Hamilton, on Geo. Seaton still keeping 

his supernumerary fellowship 



To bp. (Eeile) of Winchester, on the same subject, beg 

him to intercede with the king 



The king's letters for sir Bulckley to be elected to a 

fellowship, dispensing with conditions, etc. . 



From the earl of Holland, urging obedience to the 

above ....... 



Answer to lord Holland, have no precedent for elect- 
ing sir Bulcklye as required, but have provided for 

him otherwise to his full content 



To the same, thanks for his pains relative to Mr Sea- 

ton's fellowship ..... 



To lord Dorchester, thanks on the same matter 

ib. ■ 


To Ri. Neile, bp. of Winchester, on the same . 



To the earl of Arundell and Surrey (Lat.), on the want 

of books for the library .... 



To Jo. Williams, bp. of Lincoln, begging his intercession 

in respect of a law suit .... 



To the same, asking for the bearer to hear his lordship's 

advice relative to a chancery suit 



The king's letter for leave of absence for Eob. Mason 

for three years ..... 



To lord keeper Coventry (Lat.), thanks for his recovery 

of college property ..... 



To sir Rob. Heath (Lat.), thanks for gift of books, re- 

joice in his success ..... 



The king's injunctions for the better government of the 

university ...... 



Earl of Holland to v. c. and heads, will speedily cure 

their charters, etc. ..... 



From the bailiffs of Shrewsbury, the place of second 
master like to be void, the school in great de- 

cay, etc. ....... 



Answer to the above, had hoped to hear no more com- 

plaints, etc. ...... 



The king's letter for Ri. Wortley to be a fellow 




257. From the earl of Holland on Mr Downhale's claims to 

a lease of Northstock rectory. Begs the college to 

delay the sealing ..... 498 

258. Answer to the above, have sent two of the seniors to 

explain the matter . . . . . ib. 

259. The master and 4 seniors to bp. Williams, on Down- 

hale's claim to the above lease . . . ib. 

260. The Master and 5 seniors to Buckeridge bp. of Ely 

(Lat.) as visitor, on Downhale's claim . . 499 

261. Fromj bp. Buckeridge, his decision on the above . ih. 

262. To vise. Rochford (Lat.) thanks for his gifts to the 

library ....... 500 

263. From the king, Jo. Gent M.A. to be elected into a 

fellowship ...... ib. 

264. From the bailiffs of Shrewsbury commending Mr 

Raphe Gittens to be 2d master . . . ib. 

265. Answer to the above, have made choice of Mr Ra. 

Gittins . . . . . . . ib. 

266. From the earl of Holland ; Dan. Ambrose in his 

absence to retain his fellowship . . . ib, 

267. From the king appointing to bp. of Ely's fellowship 

(sede vacmite) which Jo. Allott must avoid . , ib. 

268. From the earl of Holland to the same effect . . ib. 

269. To the earl of Holland; AUott's time not yet expired ; 

cannot at present comply .... ib. 

270. From the bailiffs and master of Shrewsbm-y, nominate 

Peers to a scholarship. In a p.s. complain their 
scholars get hardly half so mu,ch as is paid for them 501 

271. Answer to the above. The scholarship filled up ; 

reply to the 'clamorous postscript ' . . . ib. 

272. From the earl of Holland. Dan. Ambrose to have the 

profits of his fellowship while abroad . . 502 

273. From Wm. earl of Salisbury fixing the Sundays for the 

yearly sermons at Hatfield and Quixwood . . ih. 

274. From the king recommending Rob. Balam M.A. to a 

Gregson fellowship • • . . . ib. 

275. From Fras. White bp. of Ely urging obedience to the 

above ..... . . ib. 

276. 277. To lord keeper Coventry and abp. Neile of York 

thanking them for their favour in the proceedings 

about Shrewsbury . , . . . ib. 

278. From the earl of Holland about Dr Ambrose ; same as 

266 and 272 . . . , . . {^^ 

279. From the king recommending Dr Lane to the vacant 

mastership ••••.. ift. 

280. The king's letter on the charges against Dr Lane, 

appointing Wm. Beale master . . . 503 





To the earl of Holland, on the heavy fees of Tabor and 

Bucke in the above case .... 



From the king, Jo. Hay M.A. Bdinb. to be elected 

fellow ; dispensation granted 



From the same enlarging their liberty of election to 

enable them to elect John Rogers into a fellowship , 



From the same, commending Jo. Digby B.A. Chr. to 

be chosen a fellow ..... 



To the earl of Holland in reply to the above relative to 

sir Digbey of Christ's ..... 



From Ri. Laughlin 'out of Suffolk' on lands bequeathed 

to the coll. by Mr Litherland .... 



Presentation by bp. White (Lat.) of Wm. Choune to a 

fellowship ...... 



To the governors of Rivington school. The college 

elect Duckworth from the two nominated 



From the earl of Holland. The college must pay the 
bill, (281) the heads of colleges bringing it to as easy 

a sum as may be .... . 



The master and six seniors (Lat.) to the 2 abps. and bp. 
of Ely on the king committing the eare of the col- 

lege to their lordships .... 



The master and 7 seniors to Wm. Wynn esq. thanks 

for his gifts to the library .... 



The master and 8 seniors (Lat.) to bp. Morton thanks 

for his second gift of £100 for books . 



The king to Dr Beale master. Hen. Masterson to be 

admitted to Dr Lane's fellowship 



To a donor of books to the library 



From the brewers' company; request the college to 
nominate 3 persons for the mastership of Aldenham 

school, the company to choose one . 



The president and 7 seniors in reply ; when the master 

returns will nominate 3 candidates . 



Jo. Stoddart to Rob. Gray of Chr. coll. on the legacy of 

Mr Geo. White to St John's college 



From the king, Jo. Jude B.A. to be forthwith chosen 

into a fellowship ..... 



From the marq. of Hamilton ; the above granted at 

his request ...... 



From bp. Morton (Lat.) on their thanks for his gift to 

the library ...... 



From Hen. earl of Dover ; seconds the king's request 

for Jo. Jude's fellowship .... 



To the bailiffs of Shrewsbury, suggesting arrangements 
for the retirement of the head master, and remind- 

ing them of arrears etc. due to the coll. 






To lord Darcy (Lat.) begging for books 



The master and 6 seniors to bp. Morton (Lat.) ; reply to 
the above (no. 300) ; promises regarding his young 

friend Loe ...... 



306. From the governors of Rivington school. I^omi- 
nate two scholars of whom the coll. is to choose one 

as master ...... 



Reply to the above, electing John Crooke 



Propositions from the bailiflfs, etc. of Shrewsbury for 


settling a retiring pension on the head master 



To the countess of Southampton, thanks for MSS. pre- 

sented to the library ..... 



The master and 8 seniors to the earl of Southampton, 

on the same subject . . . . • 



From bp. Morton (Lat.), reply to 304. Is sure they 

will perform their promise. .... 



From the bailiffs of- Shrewsbury, on the retirement of 

the head master and election of his successor 



The master and 8 seniors to the above ; upon notice of 
the master's resignation will choose a successor, em- 

power them to grant the proposed pension . 




Reply to the above, the master has resigned ; ear- 
nestly intreat especial care in the appointment of a 

successor ...... 



From the same, recommending Mr Poole for the mas- 

tership ....... 



From the king, Tho. Chowne, M.A. Pemb., to be ad- 

mitted fellow ...... 



From the same, Ri. Wrench, M.A. to be chosen into 

the next foundress' fellowship 



To bishop Dee of Peterborough. Thanks for procuring 

benefactions ...... 




To Bdm. Mountstephen, esq., (Lat.) thanks for his mu- 


nificence ...... 



Certificate in behalf of Barwicke for Knewstub's 

exhibition ...... 



Another for the same exhibition for one Hugh Ches- 

bourne ...... 



From the bailiffs of Slxrewsbury, desiring assistance to 
find out a fit man for head master, and urging the 

forgetting of former divisions 



From Simon Weston, one of the aforesaid bailiffs, on 

the same matters ..... 



From the bailiffs of Shrewsbury on the law charges 
between their town and the college; desire to satisfy 
the college in every way, especially for appointing so 

able a master .,...-. 




325. From the earl of Salisbury nominating Francis Crawley 

to the next scholarship in his gift . . .517 

326. To abp. Neile of York; on the reparation of the chan- 

cel of Paul or Pagula upon Humber, by the tenants 
ofMarfleet ...... ib. 

327. To the same (Lat.) on the poverty of the chapel, etc. . ib. 

328. Epistola Gratulatoria ad Bpisc. Dunelm. qui in Biblio- 

thecam nostram saepius fuit beneficus ; (by Clieve- 

land, here collated with the printed copy in his works) 518 

329. 330. Latin letters requesting subscriptions for the 

chapel, and books for the library. No. 329 collated 

as above ...... ib. 

331. To Dr Newell, prebendary of Westminster, on the same 

subjects, (by Clieveland ; collated) . . . ib. 

332. To bishop Morton (Lat.) on his gifts which outstrip 

their thanks, (by Clieveland ; collated) . . ib. 

333. To Dr Newell. Letter of thanks (Lat.) for his gifts to 

the library and chapel . . , .519 

334. From the earl of Holland. Wm. Inglott to retain the 

profits of his fellowship .... ib. 

335. To Mr Wandesforth (Lat.). Congratulations on his 

advancement, (by Clieveland; collated) . . ib. 

336. To abp. Laud (Lat.). Thanks for his patronage and sup- 

port, (by Clieveland ; collated) . . . ib. 

337. To lord keeper Coventry (Lat.). Thanks for securing 

some donation to the college .... ib. 

338. From the bailiffs of Shrewsbury. The second master 

being aged wishes to retire, propose a pension and 

ask the college consent .... ib. 

339. A gratulatory epistle to Dr Wren upon his being chosen 

bishop of Ely ...... 520 

340. A gratulatory epistle to sir John Lambe . . ib. 

341. From the bailiffs of Shrewsbury. The second master 

has accepted their proposals, and the third master is 
settled in his place ; wholly remit to them the choice 
of a new third master ; think his stipend should be 
increased . ..... ^6. 

342. To lord keeper Coventry (Lat.) on the Piatt foun- 

dation ,....- 521 

343. From the earl of Exeter, bestowing the next scholarship 

in his gift on Jo. Wildebore . 

344. From bishop Morton of Durham, recommending Rob, 

Waydson for a fellowship 

345. From the salters' company to Dr Beale on Mr Wm 

Robson's benefaction . . . • 

346. A gratulatory letter to lady Bowes for books given to 

the college . . • • • .523 






From the earl of Holland. Jo. Ambrose, B.D., to 

receive the profits of his fellowship in his absence . 



From the earl of Salisbury. Commends Fras. Jacob 

for the next scholarship in his gift . 


f 349. 

From the king, dispensing with statutes hindering the 


election of Rob. Waidson to a fellowship 


I ' 350. 

From bp. Morton of Durham ; thanks for the admit- 

tance of Mr Waidson ..... 



From Tym. Tournnir; on increasing the stipends of 
the clergy of Shrewsbury from the tithes held by 

the school ...... 



From Rob. Wynne or Wyn; nominates Rob. Lloyd to 

the vacant Gwyn scholarship .... 


i 353. 

To the earl of Strafford (Lat.); pray that he may long 


continue to prosper, etc. .... 


I 354. 

To lord keeper Finch; congTatulations on his pro- 

motion ....... 



From the earl of Strafford ; very heartily thanks them 

for the above civility (353) .... 



From the earl of Holland ; John Ambrose to retain the 

profits of his fellowship (as 347) 



Bp. Williams to Dr Beale, recommending John Wil- 
liams for one of his own scholarships and Thomas 

Tylden for a fellowship .... 



From Rob. Wynne; nominates GriflBth Bodurda to a 

Gwynne scholarship . , . . . 



From Gilb. Nelson master of Sedberg; thanks for 
electing sir Otway fellow; recommends five of his 

pupils for scholarships .... 



To bp. Williams (Lat.), signed by the master and 8 
seniors; congratulations on his deliverance from 

prison ; (by Cleiveland, collated with printed copy) . 



To sir Edward Littleton (Lat.); congratulations on 

being made lord keeper ; (by Cleiveland, collated) . 



To sir Jo. Bankes ; congratulations on being appointed 

chief justice ...... 



To bp. Williams (Lat.), on the seizure and filching of 

his books at Bugden ..... 



From lord Strange to Dr Beale; recommends Jo. 

Croston for a fellowship 


365, 367. From the earl of Holland ; recommends Edward 

Watts for a fellowship ... 



From the earl of Newcastle; recommends the bearer 

Ri. Pye of Trin. for a northern fellowship . 



From the earl of Arundell and Surrey; recommends 
Fra. Withington, B.A., for a vacant Southwell fel- 

lowship ...... 





To bp. Williams; letter of compliment in answer to 


one sent to the master and the society 



To the earl of Arundell ; in reply to 368 ; cannot answer 

his request ...... 



To the earl of Holland ; reply to 367 ; forced to defer 
the election of "Watts, so many waiting, as he is but 

young ....... 



To the earl of Newcastle; reply to 366; cannot elect 

a stranger ...... 



To Edward lord Herbert of Cherbury (Lat.) ; thanks 
for books for library; (by Cleiveland, collated with 

printed copy) ....,, 



To the earl of Essex (Lat.); congratulations on his ap- 

pointment as lord chamberlain 



To lord keeper Lyttleton (Lat.) ; requesting his patron- 

age etc. ....... 



From Ri. Gibbon or Gibbons, mayor of Shrewsbury, no- 

minating Jo. Lloyd to a scholarship . 



From Ant. Scattergood, asking in the name of bp. Wil- 

liams for the catalogue of his books 



To sir Rob. Heath (Lat.) ; thanks for his favours 



To Dr Williams (Lat.); congratulations on his pro- 
motion to York ; (by Cleiveland, collated with the 

printed copy) ...... 



From bp. Morton; acknowledging their kindness to 

'yong Frevile' . ..... 



To the earl of Southampton on being made privy coun- 

cillor ....... 



To lord Falkland on being made councillor and secre- 

tary ....... 



From lord Falkland, in reply to the above 



From the earl of Exeter, recommending sir Stoyte for 

a fellowship ...... 



The coll. in reply (Lat.); sorry not to have contented 

him . . . 



From the earl of Holland ; seconding the following re- 

quest for a fellowship for sir Tubbe . 



From earls of Essex and Warwick, in behalf of the 

above sir Tubbe ..... 



-390. The coll. replies to the above 



From abp. Williams ; recommending Rob. Jesup to a 

scholarship ...... 



From the king to the v.c. ; requesting contributions . 



The same to the same, asking for the college plate 



From the earl of Exeter ; nominating Ri. Mason for a 

scholarship ...... 



1 Iviii 




From Mr Mountstephen's exors, nominating Jo. Hard- 


ware to a Mountstephen fellowship . 



From the king ; a dispensation for Wm. Morgan to 


enjoy his fellowship, etc. while with the army 



From the same, for Is. Worrall to be elected a fellow . 


; 398. 

From the same, recommending Jo. Boteler for a fel- 

lowship ...... 



From the same, very peremptory, on the same subject 



From the same, for Humphr. Neale to be chosen 

fellow ....... 



From the earl of Southampton to the same effect as 

no. 400 



From the king, for Edw. Watts to be elected fellow . 



From the same, for Sam. Drake to be admitted fellow . 



From the same, for Hen. Hatton to be admitted fellow 



From bp. Morton, recommending sir Barwick for a 

fellowship ...... 



The coll. answer to the above (Lat.); the king had 

assigned away all the fellowships 



From lady Spencer, in recommendation of Henry Tubbe 

(see 386, etc.) ...... 



The coll. answer to the above .... 



To the earl of Salisbury (Lat.); ' e reliquiis coUegii S. 
Jo. Bvang.' on their deplorable condition ; the college • 

being converted into a prison 



From the king ; for Hierome Potkin to be admitted to 

a fellowship ...... 



From the same, for Ant. Walker to be admitted to a 

fellowship ...... 



From the same; urgent repetition of 410 



First order of the committee for the association 



Second order of the above committee . 



To the bailiffs of Shrewsbury, on not choosing Ezra 
Price to a scholarship, and on the arrears due to 

the college ...... 



From the mayor of Shrewsbury concerning the above 

arrears ...... 



il8. From the committee for the reformation of the 

universities on a new cycle of proctors 



From the king, requiring Martin Lister to be pre- 

elected a fellow ..... 



From the same, nominating Wm. Kings for a fellow- 

ship ....... 



From the same for Ra. Wetherly 



To the earl of Southampton (Lat.); on his advancement 

as lord high treasurer 






From the king, for three fellows who had been re- 

moved, to be elected into the next vacancies 



From the same, for Jo. Lucas to be elected to a fellow- 

ship ....... 



From the same, on the statute concerning the master's 

election, Dr. Tuckney's resignation, etc. 



From the same, for Tho. Cook to be re-elected a fellow 



From the same, for Hen. Paman, M.D. to retain the 

advantages of his fellowship while abroad 



From the same, with similar dispensation for Brian 

Turner in attendance on the ambassador to Russia 



From abp. Sheldon, declaring the king's will for all 
candidates for fellowships to submit to a competi- 

tive examination . . . . . 



From the governors of Rivington school nominating 
two persons for the mastership, the college to 

choose one ...... 



Extract from the statutes of Rivington school, respect- 

ing the election of master .... 



To the lord Gerard ; on his claim to lands in Kentish 

town ....... 



From the earl of Rutland, enclosing a contribution to 

the new building ..... 


VI. FiEST Register of Officers, Fellows, etc. 



OflBciarii elect! Jan. 16, 1654 . . 



Admissiones Seniorum a festo S. Michaelis a.d. 1545 



Admissiones Dechanorum a festo S. Michaelis a.d. 1545 



Admissiones Thesaurariorum a festo S. Michaelis a.d. 

1545 ....... 



Admissiones Sacristarum a festo S. Michaelis a.d. 1545 



Admissiones Lectorum cuiuscunque generis a festo S. 

Michaelis a.d. 1546 ..... 



Admissiones Sociorum a festo S. Michaelis a.d. 1545 . 



, b. Admissiones Discipulorum a festo S. Michaelis A.D. 

1545 . . . . . • • 



Admissiones Concionatorum a festo S. Michaelis a.d. 

1545 . . . . • • • 



Admissiones Subsacristarum a festo S. Michaelis a.d. 

1545 .....■• 



Change of time and place for the sermons to be 

preached before lord Sahsbury 



Potestas hujus coUegii in liberam scholam de Pock- 

lington ....•• 




13. Potestas hujus coUegii in liberam scholara grammatica- 

lem de Sedbergh ..... 545 

14. Bispensatio regia pro praelectore logices domini May- 

nard ..... . ib. 

15. List of the fellowships and scholarships . . . 546 

16. Note of Edward Gregson's scholarship . . . ib. 

17. Note of the sermons to be yearly performed by the 

college ...... ib. 

18. List of the various foundations . . . 546 — 548 

19. Various admissions ; fellow-commoners, pensioners, etc. 548 

20. Variousdecreesofthemaster, or president and seniors 548 — 551 

21. Various admissions ; subsizars and sizars . . 551 

22. The names of such as be appointed to catechise in 

order ....... 652 

VIL Book of Oaths of Qualification. 

Description of the book, etc. .... 552 
1. The oaths of Eob. Jenkin, master, 17 Jan. 17 If . ib. 

9. of Bzek. Rouse, of Ampthill, elk., at Bedford, 

11 Jan. 171| ...... 553 

21. of Matthew Prior esq., of S. Giles in the fields, 12 

Jan. I7lf ...... ib. 

34. of Tho. Bradfield, fellow, at Grantham, 11 Apr. 

1716 ib. 

54. of Ste. Grigman, in the court of King's bench, 8 

May, 1717 ib. 

55. of "Wm. Smith, fellow, curate of Medbourn, at Lei- 
cester castle, 30 Apr. 1717 . . . . ib. 

82. of Mich. Nickins of Stafford, gent, at Stafford, 

16 July, 1723 . . . . ib. 

219 a. of Geo. Kenyon, jun. at Salford, 20 Apr. 1725 ib. 

224. of Tho. Robinson, 19 Dec. 1725 . . . ib. 









An. 1707. 

^ A piece cut off. 


Accij^e, fundatrix, grati jpia vota nepotis ; 

^qua tuts meritis sors inimica negat. 

si, quas cupio, vires miJii fata dedissent! 

Clarior elogiis foemina nulla foret. 

At tua progenies vivet, nascentur alumni, 

Hi tibi plaudentes carmina digna ferent. 

A^ril 9, 1511, anno seculari. 



Accept this offering from the unenvied store 
Of him that wants the poioer, hut wishes more. 
Had I improved the hours that thou dost give, 
Vain were faint colours, thou in verse shouldst live. 
Had thy large bounty been deservdly mine. 
Thy name should flourish bright in every line. 
Ah ! how thy seed lies waste in barren soil 
That wants true vigour, though it wants not oil. 
Ah ! how unequal are my best returns, 
And yet my breast with zeal and flaming burns. 

For if my heart is known, a grateful mind 
I bear, with strong desires and unconftned. 
To thee I dare appeal, if thou dost Tcnow, 
Or now concern st thyself with things below. 


Oft had I sent my fervent vows to heaven, 
Were this the time, or aught were now forgiven. 
Oft had I pray'' d for thee, as thou desires, 
Could I helieve thee hurt hy purging fires. 
Thy past desires they were, nor are they so, 
^ Twas thy mistaken wish, whilst here helow. 
Thy joys completed, useless prayers may cease, 
And end in praise to Him that gives thee peace. 

And yet thy bounty may I ever sing. 
Or may the fountain stop, lohence it should spring. 

Januar. quarto, die fundatori meo sacro eique 
commemorando destinato. 




Orate pro anima Magistri Hugonis de Asheton, quon- xrt 
dam Canonici residentiarii Eccl. Cathedralis Ehor. cuius 
devotione hec Fenestra vitriatafuit A. Bom. millesimo quin- 
gentesimo . . . 


My God! and what am I? a thing of naughty 
Hid from myself, and yet composed of thought. 
How vain these thoughts, how oft without effect! 
And yet I please myself that I reflect. 
5 Proud of a phantom, that can only sheio. 
That I more surely think, than surely hnow, 
Muffled with passions, with affections hlind, 
Involved in clouds, nor rest, nor light I find, 
Till he that breathed the spark, does reinspire my mind. 

lo Thou that hreatlist life into tli unthinking clod, 
Be Thou my Light, as Thou hast been my God. 
Thou took^sf me from the vjomb, since me upheld, 
Be Thou my strength, as Thou hast been my shield. 
And surely so Thou art; from deaths, from tears,^ 

15 Thou oft preservdst me, oft renew' dst my years, \ 
Dispelled my sorroivs, banished all my fears. J 
To dangers of exposed. Thy help implored, 
By follies lost, as oft Tve been restored. 

When duty called me forth to risk my all, 

20 Just was my lot, but easy was my fall. 

The griefs and sufferings that mean souls annoy, 
Thou mak^st them light to me, and turnst to joy. 
So light, that if in aught I bear Thy cross, 
It grieves that naught I merit by the loss. 

25 My sins more justly scourges might demand. 
Should Justice strike, as Mercy holds Thy hand. 
In that my refuge, there I place my rest, 
Not hurt by frowns, in spite of fortune blest. 

For all these mercies, just returns from me 
Are due, and yet my best returns I owe to Thee. 
My prayers, my vows, and all that should he mine, 
Even these are due to Thee, and truly Thine. 

were I Thine myself! The offering'' s mode, 
Were it as worthy Thee, as freely paid. 

But worth I forhid the word, my sins forhid, 
Pardon 's my plea, and sins hy mercy hid. 
Fixed there I stand, in hope of crimes forgiven 

1 trample earth, and antedate my heaven. 

In brighter mansions may I have my share, "j 
And follow thoughts, that are already there, > 

But low therein, for lowly is my prayer. J 

Febr. 12°. die meo natali. 


When I first entered upon these inquiries, 
I had Httle thoughts of giving an account of the 
foundation of the college. A worthy friend of 
mine, who designed a view of Yorkshire, having 
5 sent to me above twenty years ago, to desire an 
account of our Yorkshire benefactors, I complied 
with his request not very unwillingly, thinking 
I had nothing more to do than to transcribe the 
commemoration book, or at most to consult the 

lo bursar's books. After I had done this, I was 
not satisfied, finding (as I thought) that they were 
both defective, and not well agreeing with one 
another. This put me upon a further search, and 
being desirous not to deceive my friend, I sought 

15 for access to the treasury, that was then not very 
easy for me to come at, but having made my 
way to it with some difficulty, I found my sus- 
picions were not groundless ; I could then easily 
discover several mistakes, and particularly that 

20 Bishop Fisher and some other private founders 
had not been duly regarded ; and observing this, 
I begun to suspect that since there were such 
mistakes in these, the rest of our accounts might 
be equally authentic. 


And so indeed I found them : I first thouglifc 
that nothing was more unquestionable than that 
Alan Percy was our first master, and that Bobert 
Shorton, thouo^h he were sometimes named as mas; 
ter, yet had been some inconsiderable man, and had 5 
had little share in the affairs of the house ; I was 
amazed to find him not only named as master 
in the charter of the foundation, but in audit- 
rolls, college books, in the several computuses for 
building the college, in several public instru- 10 
ments and in the public register of the uni- 
versity, and in all these, before Alan Percy had 
any thing to do with the affairs of the house ; and 
that Mr Percy, who had made so great a noise, 
had left us little more than the reputation 15 
of his name, which, bating his family, was not 

My first thoughts were that the College was 
opened about the year 1508, It was very sur- 
prising to me to find it was not founded till the 20 
year 151 1 and was not opened till the year 
1 516; and I could hardly have believed it, had 
I not viewed the original charter of the founda- 
tion, as well as the original instrument of opening 
the college, and could almost have suspected the 25 
latter, it being so negligently preserved, had I 
not found it entered upon the college register 
in the treasury and attested by a public notary. 
This still led me to further inquiries, and these 
inquiries usually ended in further discoveries, so 30 
many, that I at last persuaded myself to think 
of giving a more authentic, though yet very im- 
perfect account of these matters. 


When I liad made some progress therein, I 
had intimation given me of a complete history 
of St John's college, wrote by Dr M., suppressed 
for some time for no very weighty reasons, but 

5 intended to be delivered to the society at a cer- 
tain period. This, as it gave me a curiosity to 
see it, so it raised an expectation of somewhat 
very complete and perfect, and such as might super- 
sede all my small endeavours, Dr M. having had 

I o better opportunities and much greater abilities, 
than I can pretend to. At length I procured a 
sight of it by the assistance of a very worthy 
friend, but was as much disappointed as before. 
I found he had gone little further than his own 

15 office (for he was a bursar), that he had delivered 
nothing but common things, and had swallowed 
down all the common mistakes. It was strange to 
me, that a man that had such free access to the 
treasury should never have seen the original 

20 charter of the foundation, the act or instrument 
of opening the college, the several compositions 
with the bishop of Ely and other public instru- 
ments and scattered papers, v/ithout which a man 
must eternally wander and can deliver little where- 

25 on we can depend. And yet so it was ; he had 
either seen nothing of this kind, or if he had seen 
it, had never perused it, or what would be much 
more unaccountable, after perusal has deserted 
his only sure guides, to follow a cloud. And yet 

30 having done this, and confirmed so many common 
mistakes by a fresh authority, it was the more neces- 
sary to discover his errors, lest they should gather 
new strength by the reputation of his name. 


Upon these motives and occasions I under- 
took this design, and went through with it in the 
year 1707, as low as Dr Tuckney. Since that 
I have met with Mr Strype's papers and several 
other considerable helps, and some others I have 5 
in view, that would help to perfect such a design : 
nor do I want inclination to prosecute it, were 
my health less uncertain, had I such opportunities 
as I could wish for, or were not the expense such, 
to do it to purpose, as suits ill with my circum- 10 
stances. For which reasons I am very doubtful 
whether I shall ever review and enlarge it, as I 
once intended, though I am much more capable 
of doing it now than I was some years ago. 
If I should not, I shall leave room for future 15 
endeavours, and to those that come after ; if every 
one will add somewhat to what I have done, it 
may be a complete work in time. As it is, I 
am sensible enough it is very imperfect, and yet 
with all its defects, I think I may say without 20 
vanity, I could have wrote a history of England 
with as little trouble, I am sure with less difficulty, 
than I have wrote this imperfect essay'. In such 
a work there is little more to be done, than to 
copy from others ; whereas in this, I have copied 25 
from none, but have corrected many, and some- 
times where I have not named them. 

Should I ever go further, as I have already 
done some right to the bishop of Rochester, so 
I owe the like to my lord Burghley, who, as 30 
he was a true friend to the university, so par- 
ticularly he was a constant patron and protector 

^ without... essay, struck out in MS. 


to this college during the long and happy reign 
of queen Elizabeth, often united the fellows 
when they were broken by their own divisions, 
kept them within tolerable bounds when by their 
5 indiscreet zeal they were running into confusion, and 
by preserving good order and discipline among 
them rescued them from being a nest of zealous 
Puritans, which w^ithout him they must probably 
have been. To say nothing of his private bene- 

^o factions, which I have accounted for, the many 
letters and papers I have seen express abundantly 
his aifection to the house, which he usually styled 
his beloved college, and that when they had done 
enough to forfeit his esteem. In one word, he 

15 was another bishop Fisher to this society, and 
when I have said this, I have said everything 
that can be expected from the bounty or indul- 
gence of a patron. And yet notwithstanding his 
great and signal services, little of this kind can 

20 be gathered from our own stores. Some few 
letters of compliment have been preserved, whilst 
things of greater moment have been neglected, 
and must have utterly perished, had not the 
originals been preserved by Mr Hicks his lord- 

25 ship's secretary, now in the custody of my worthy 
friend Mr Strype, and are of much more value 
in the affairs of that reign than any thing that 
is to be met with at Cambridge ^ 

The best helps might have been had from the 

30 Paper Office, to which I had access by the interest 

1 Mem™., this and the following scripts were first opened at the 
Leaf [containing the title] were Museum. C. Morton, Jan. 4, 
found cut when the Harleian Manu- 1761. 


of the late worthy bishop of Ely. But I met 
with such entertainment from Monsieur De La 
Faye, as I was soon weary of a fruitless attend- 
ance there. And yet I gratified his clerk pretty 
liberally, who seemed willing to serve me, had he 5 
not been limited by his haughty master. From 
that moment I threw aside my papers, being un- 
willing to trouble the world with an imperfect 




St John's college having been founded upon St John's 
hospital or house, before I enter upon the college, it will 
not be improper to say somewhat of the house; which 
though a dry employment, yet as it was not unpleasant 
5 to me to trace out the beginnings and progress of this 
ancient foundation, so I hope, it will not be disagreeable 
to any member of the society to see its foundations 
laid open, which are yet buried in some obscurity and 
lo One thing is well known, that it was a house of 
canons regular, and Nigellus second bishop of Ely is 
generally received as its original founder ; if so, its found- 
ations were laid in gratitude and loyalty (the seeds whereof 
being sown deep, have not since been easily rooted out). 
15 For this Nigellus having been promoted by Henry the 
First towards the conclusion of his reign, did afterwards 
adhere firmly to the true interest of his daughter and 
grandson, the empress Maud and Henry the Second, 
against the usurpation of king Stephen ; and having owed 
20 his advancement to that learned prince (who, if we believe 
Kudburn^ was not only a student at Cambridge, but 
took a degree of master of arts there), he might possibly 
have regard to his learned patron in fixing his foundation 
here at Cambridge. 

^ Hist, major, p. 273. 

14 ST John's house or hospital. 

When that was done, is not so well agreed on, nor are 
its original endowments so easily discovered. Most that have 
treated on this subject seem to place its foundation about 
the latter end of king Henry the Fii'st, or under the reign 
of king Stephen ; but Nigellus could have little time 5 
under the first reign \ and less opportunity under the latter, 
having been a confessor under Stephen, once banished in 
his person, confiscated in estate twice or thrice, and himself 
reduced to that extreme degree of necessity and want, that 
he was forced not only to part with all that was his own, lo 
but to pawn the relics of his church^ to the Jews at 
Cambridge, to redeem his peace. 

The next was a more auspicious reign to our bishop, 
but even then too he was under continual difficulties : for 
as before he had been pursued and ruined by the king, 15 
so in this reign he was embroiled with the pope, who 
(though his own countryman, for Adrian the Fourth then 
reigned) suspended him for some pretended injuries offered 
to his monks, nor could he be assoiled but at the instance 
of the king and bishops after restitution made and right 20 
done to the monks at Ely for these pretended injuries^. 
There was one. other bar to our bishop's charity, that he 
had a son who was a constant drain to him, and cost him 
immense sums in advancing him, till at last (at a vast 
expense) he brought him to succeed his father, our bishop, 25 
in the treasury of England. 

All this considered, there will be little time or room 
left for charity : and to speak the truth, though I will not 
deny our bishop the honour of a founder against so full 
a consent, yet I am of opinion that he had no great 3° 
share in this foundation ; and that rather by granting 
licence, and perhaps some privileges and immunities, as 
bishop of the diocese, than by any great charities of 
his own. 

For in an ancient inquisition* taken upon oath at 35 
Cambridge, now lodged in the Tower of London, it is 

^ Hist. Elien. p. 620. ^ Inquisit. an. 3"°. Edv. i"^. in 

2 Ibid. p. 625. Tur. Lond. apud Hare Collect. Vol. 

3 Ibid. p. 627. Jo. Sarisbur. ep. I. fol. 30, &c. 

14- 30- 

ST John's house or hospital. 15 

set forth (and this upon oath) that the master and brethren 

of the hospital of St John the evangelist at Cambridge 

held a certain plat of ground in fee of the king, whereon 

the said hospital with the chapel was founded ; which said 

5 plat of ground a certain burgess of Cambridge, named 

Hemy Frost \ gave to the village of Cambridge, to build 

a hospital for the use of the poor and infirm; that the 

presentation of the master there used and of right ought 

to belong to the said burgesses, who held the said village 

10 in fee of the king: notwithstanding, the presentation of 

the said master had been unjustly alienated from the said 

burgesses by Hugh Norwold, formerly bishop of Ely, and 

his successors^, who had made masters of the hospital at 

their will and discretion, in exheredation of the king and 

15 to the grievous damage of the burgesses of Cambridge. 

That this had been often complained of to king Henry, 

father of the present king, and his counsel, as likewise 

to the justices itinerant and the inquisitors at Cambridge 

of the present king, viz. king Edward now reigning, and 

20 yet they had met with no redress. And further, that it 

was to be remembered that the presentation to the said 

mastership had been alienated from the burgesses within 

the space of thirty years; which falls in the reign of 

Henry the Third, and the foundation may be supposed to 

25 have been under Henry the Second. So that if we will 

believe an ancient judicial testimony, and this upon oath 

(which ought to be of much more weight than any modern 

flying evidence that is opposed), Henry Frost and the 

burgesses of Cambridge have the best title to this foun- 

30 dation. 

One other complaint was then made by the burgesses 

of Cambridge against the encroachments of the bishops of 

. Ely, which, because it gives light to a very remarkable 

period and shews another vast growth from a small be- 

35 ginning, I will here take notice of. The burgesses of 

1 It seems, the Frosts were an an- shop of Ely, one Eobert Frost gave 
cient as well as charitable family in a messuage of his in Cambridge to 
Cambridge, for not long after this, that priory. See an ancient car- 
at or before the time of Hugh prior, tulary of the priory of Ely, p. 213. 
contemporary with Eustachius, bi- ^ Inquisit. ib. an. 3°. Edv. I. 



Cambridge (I suppose) as founders, had the presentation 
to the hospital of lepers^ at Steresbridge near Barnwell, 
where there was, and is yet, a small chapel (then endowed) 
dedicated to St Mary Magdalene^; this, they complain, 
had been likewise alienated from them by Hugh Norwold 5 
and his successors, who had collated chaplains at their 
pleasure. But what is most remarkable, they find upon 
inquisition that there was a certain fair belonging to the 
said hospital at the feast of the exaltation of the holy 
cross within the precincts of the hospital, which was held lo 
by grant from king John for the use and maintenance of 
the lepers; which falling in September, within the pre- 
sent compass allotted for that purpose, did doubtless give 
birth and original to Sturbridge fair. This is certain, 
that in Henry the Fourth's time the chaplain^, John 15 
Arondell, of the free chapel of Steresbrigge claimed a 
right of stallage within the precincts of that chapel from 
all persons merchandizing in that fair, and upon a hearing 
in the Exchequer the same privilege was adjudged to him 
upon this plea, that the same right had been enjoyed there 20 
by his predecessors. This perhaps is too large a digression, 
but will not, I hope, be unacceptable to scholars, being 
only a ramble from Cambridge to Stm'bridge fair. 

To return to the house ; I should not have ventured to 
have opposed so received an opinion upon less evidence 25 
than I have produced, though I have much further evi- 
dence to confirm me in my opinion. I never could meet 
with any ancient history that says any thing of such a 
foundation by Nigellus bishop of Ely, nor have our 
modern antiquaries vouched any such authorities, which 30 
to me shews they either wanted them, or were very much 
wanting to themselves. The Historia EUensis, which is 
more large upon this bishop than any of the rest, though 
it says much of his losses and expenses, yet of his charities 
it is perfectly silent. Among all the grants, confirmations, 35 
rules or institutions that were given to the old house by 
his successors the bishops of Ely, there is not any (that 
ever I could meet with, and I believe I have seen them 
all) wherein mention is made of Nigellus bishop of Ely, 

1 Inqiiisit. ibid. ^ Kegrum Elien. ^ Eegrum Fordham. fol. 129. 

ST John's house or hospital. 17 

and yet it is usual with bishops in such instances to re- 
cite the grants and privileges of their predecessors. The 
same may be said of the bulls of confirmation of Gregory ^ and 
Innocent the Fourth; wherein though Innocent descends 
5 to very minute particulars, yet nothing is said of this 
founder. Amongst all the grants and charters of the old 
house, which are pretty numerous, some of very ancient 
date, and some so ancient as to want a date, I never could 
hit upon any by Nigellus, after the strictest inquiry, 

lo though the monuments of the old house are yet tolerably 
complete. And because ancient charters are little things, 
the more ancient, still the less, and consequently might 
easily be lost, there is an ancient cartulary^, older than 
King's college (for therein is mention of our tenement in 

15 St John Baptist's parish, then St Cross' hostel, since 
part of the site of that college, by exchange with Henry 
the Sixth for the fish ponds near St John's). In that 
cartulary, which contains copies of the grants and charters 
of our benefactors, there is the same silence as amongst 

20 the charters. To say no more upon this head, there is a 
catalogue^ of such founders and benefactors, as were to be 
prayed for by the religious brethren; Eustacliius bishop 
of Ely stands in the front of that catalogue, as he well 
deserves, (the family of the Mortimers stand next, who 

25 gave endowments in the reign of Henry the Third) and no 
more mention of our supposed founder, than if he had 
never been; which had been an unpardonable omission, 
had he been really a founder, and had conferred such en- 
dowments, as he is supposed to have done. 

30 For they that have made him so great a founder, have 
likewise discovered large endowments ; archbishop Parker *, 
and after him Richard Parker ^ two very learned anti- 
quaries, suppose him to have endowed it with revenues 
to the value of £140 per annum. For this the archbishop 

35 seems to refer to the bull of Julius the Second, the bull, 
I suppose, of dissolution, which is none of the best autho- 
rities for the original foundation. I have an extract of 


' Ex instrumento Simonis Epi. ^ Inter arcliiva. 

Elien. dat. an. 1344. * Antiq. Brit, in append. 

2 Inter archiva coll. " 2/ceA. Cantabr. 


18 ST John's house or hospital. 

that "bull, wherein are the words that seem to be referred^ 
to : in mj copy no more is said, but that the revenues of 
the house, within ten years, had been reduced to £30 from 
£76 of annual revenue, which pope Julius supposes it to 
have been endowed with ten years before, but says nothing 5 
of its original endowment ; nor can I easily guess out the 
mistake, unless seventy be mistaken for sevenscore. 

There were indeed two bulls of dissolution obtained 
from that pope, for the first having mistakes (and this 
might be one of them) they were forced to send to Rome lo 
the second time for new bulls in better form. The originals 
of these bulls are lost; for bulls of privilege were sent up 
to Cromwell at his visitation under Henry the Eighth, 
and were not thaught fit to be restored, the pope's power 
being then vested in the king, who by virtue of his supre- 15 
macy could then give as large privileges, as popes had 
done before. Which of these bulls, or what copy, the 
archbishop had seen, I do not know, but I will suppose 
it to be the true one, and truly represented, being un- 
willing to question any thing that is said by so excellent 20 
a person ; and allowing it to be so, it is yet of no great 
weight with me : for the pope could say nothing but by 
information from hence, and it is plain from other par- 
ticulars that his holiness had been ill informed. The 
pope in that bulP sets forth, that the house had for some 25 
years and did then want a prior, whereas William Tomlyn 
had been prior several years, and did not resign his claim 
till some years after ; he says, there were only two brothers 
then remaining in the house, whereas there were three 
brothers after the dissolution that received pension from 30 
the college, Sir Christopher Wright, Sir John Kensham, 
and Sir William Chandler. And whereas he says, the 
revenues of the house were then reduced to £30 per annum, 
it is very certain, the annual revenues of the house were 
£80. Is. lOt?.^ oh. after some charges and encumbrances 35 
were cleared by the executors out of the foundress' estate. 

1 Ut ex i4oannui census libris, ipsa — ne lOO libris refici possit. 

quibus ab Epo. quondam Elien. do- ^ Ex archivis. 

nati essent, uno decennio triginta ^ Ex archivis. 
tantum reliqua fuerint, turn domns 

ST John's house or hospital. 19 

But though the state of its affairs was bad enough, yet 
I doubt not but it was made somewhat worse than it reall}'- 
was ; for the house being to be condemned, they were to 
load the indictment : this likewise might be some reason 
5 for setting the original endowment so high, to make the 
brethren more criminal and the waste the greater. 

The truth of it is, its original endowments were very 
inconsiderable, as appears both by its small beginnings, as 
likewise by its continual growth, by the additional grants 

lo at different times of different benefactors, who were so 
numerous that the cartulary of the old house does make 
a volume. 

But these grants were little things, houses in the town 
of Cambridge, or little tenements in the county. For in 

15 Innocent^ the Fourth's time, who recites its endowments 
when they were pretty considerably augmented, it had 
then spread no further than the county of Cambridge, 
whereas at the dissolution they had some lands both in 
Hertfordshire, Suffolk and Essex. And therefore Dr 

20 Caius in this matter seems to be in the right, who sup- 
poses it to have been a poor house (and to have wanted 
augmentation in its beginnings), as it really was and is 
said to have been by the bishops of Ely^ (who knew it 
best) and particularly by Simon Montacute^, who sets out 

25 its wants with some tenderness and compassion, 

I know, it had been more for the honour of the foun- 
dation to have given it a greater patron and larger endow- 
ments ; but I must prefer truth to the glory of the house, 
and Henry Frost ought never to be forgot, who gave birth 

30 first to so noted a seat of religion, and afterwards to one of 
the most renowned seats of learning now in Europe. 

From Mgellus our supposed founder I meet with 
nothing concerning the hospital till Eustachius fifth 
bishop of Ely; he indeed was a considerable benefactor, 
35 whose bounty to- the house did justly entitle him to the 
first place in that catalogue. He appropriated the rectory* 
of Horningsey to the hospital, reserving an endowment 

1 Ex Bulla Innocentii dat. Lug- '' Archiva coll. 

dun. S^^Id. Octobr. an. 050. * Ex charta originali inter ar- 

2 Kegr. Elien. chiva. 

. 2—2 

20 ST John's house or hospital. 

of £5 per annum for a constant vicar, which he left to 
the patronage of his successors the bishops of Ely. He 
likewise appropriated St Peter's church in Cambridge^ 
(now Little St Mary's) to the religious brethren at St 
John's: and that they miglit not want firing, he gave 5 
them two ships or boats, to carry wood or turf from 
Ely marshes to keep them warm. He likewise granted to 
the hospital and the brethren there liberam cantariam 
et sepulturam, ubi voluerint et elegerint^, or free sepulture, 
where they would or should choose, which privilege was lo 
afterwards confirmed by Innocent the Fourth, and was in- 
deed purchased by them by agreement, upon a valuable 
consideration, of Leticia prioress and the nuns of St 
Mary and St Eadegund patronesses of All Saints' church, 
being the parish wherein the house was situated, which 15 
as it was confirmed by Eustachius bishop of Ely, so he 
was likewise witness to the same agreement, as appears 
very fully from the original instruments amongst ths 
monuments^ of the old house; where he does not only 
grant as bishop, but signs as witness. 20 

It was probably upon this ground and these encourage- 
ments, that his successors, the bishops of Ely, set up for 
founders and patrons : for this worthy prelate having 
granted privileges as well as endowments (though he him- 
self, who best deserved it, assumes no such title in his 25 
grants), yet it was a plausible ground to his successors to 
claim some share in this foundation, and possibly no un- 
acceptable occasion to the brethren to shake off (what might 
seem to them) a servile dependance, and put themselves 
under a greater and safer protection. It seems Hugh 30 
Norwold struck in with their inclinations against the 
clamours of the townsmen, and having been once himself 
a monk (and consequently more acceptable to the religious) 
and afterwards a very wealthy and potent prelate, they 
could not have chose a safer patronage : though I do not 35 
find he did them any signal service, unless by confirming 
the grants of his predecessor, and by agreeing the differ- 

1 See an Inspeximus of Hugh and ^ Charta orig. inter archiva. 

John bishops of Ely. ^ Inter archiva coUegii. 

ST John's house or hospital. 21 

ences\ that had again broke out hetwixt them and the 
nuns ; as well as by procuring for them an exemption 
from taxing, at his instance with Hugo de Hottun, chan- 
cellor of the university of Cambridge an. 1246, for two 
5 of their houses near St Peter's church, now part of the 
site of St Peter's college ; which I do not mention as 
any remarkable favour, but as an ancient precedent of the 
university's power and privilege of taxing houses, and as 
the first instance of a chancellor^ of Cambridge, that yet 

I o appears from any authentic account. 

Bishop Norwold's immediate successor was William de 
Kilkenny, who continued his patronage to the hospital, 
and though he had not time to shew any particular in- 
stances of his affection to it, having sat only one year in 

15 that see, yet deserves to be remembered for his benefaction 
to the university of Cambridge. He left 200 marks to the 
priory of Bern well, for the maintenance of two chaplains^ 
students in divinity in that university, who were to pray 
for his soul, and to receive annually ten marks from the 

20 priory : but because the annual charge was rather more 
than the gift or bequest would allow, the prior there, 
lolanus de- Thorley, begged the church of All Saints near 
the castle in Cambridge of the succeeding bishop, to be 
appropriated to the priory, which he obtained upon the 

25 resignation of Adam de Buden, the last rector of that 

church ; and so the annual pension of ten marks was to be 

paid to the two clerks students at Cambridge out of the 

revenue of that church, with some other security for the 

•payment: which benefaction was one of the first endow- 

-^o ments or exhibitions granted to this university, and that 
at large, there being no particular endowed college then 
founded; for the which our good bishop was anciently 
prayed for, in the ancient formulary of prayer or mass for 
our benefactors*. • 

1 Ex archivis. and copied out a great part of this 

^ And yet this last particular is ancient and very valuable Barnwell 

taken from a transcript, for I never book, now in possession of the 

could meet with the original. Haggars of Bourne. 

3 Eegrum Bernwell., apud Hare ^ Ex formula prec. seu missa pro 

Collect. Vol. I. I have since seen benefactoribus. 

22 ST John's house or hospital. 

I have insisted the more upon this particular, because 
though it may be somewhat foreign to the business 1 am 
upon, yet it probably led to that which follows. 

The next in order was Hugh Balsham, a name well 
known, and as well deserving of the university of Cam- 5 
bridge. His predecessor having given a hint to the 
bringing learning and religion together by endowing 
students upon the canons of Bernwell, it was pretty 
natural to improve the design by bringing them yet nearer 
and closer together in the same place; and being now lo 
patron here and acting with a fundatorial power, it was 
easy for him to effect his design. 

However he proceeded in a regular manner, and having 
first obtained the king's licence^ and the consent of the 
brethren, he brought in and engrafted secular scholars ^5 
upon the old stock, endowing them in common with the 
religious brethren, as well with the revenues of the old 
house, as with additional revenues, granted with regard 
to, and in contemplation of his new foundation : and so 
the regular canons and secular scholars became unum 20 
corjpus et unum collegium^, and were the first endowed 
college in this university, and possibly in any other uni- 
versity whatsoever. 

The precise time when this was done, or how long 
they continued together, does not so clearly appear; for 25 
though the licence^ to this purj)ose was obtained from 
Edward the First an. regn. nono, Decembr. 27, and there 
might be no full and thorough settlement till this time, 
yet I am apt to believe they were placed here (though 
not fully settled) much sooner, and my reason is this, 30 
because they are said by Simon Montacute^ (who knew 
very well) to have continued here per longa tempora, 
which in no construction of words can be understood 
otherwise, than that they were placed here very early, 

1 Ex charta orig. sive licentia lares dat. apud Dunham prid. Cal. 

regia inter munimenta veteris hos- Apr. 1284. 

pitii. ^ Licentia original, inter muni- 

- Eegrum Montacut. fol. 17. V. menta veteris hospitii. 

instrument, orig. de divisione facta ^ Eegrum Montacut. fol. 17. 
per Hug. Epum. inter fratres et scho- 

ST John's house or hospital. 23 

and towards the beginning of Hugh Balsham's prelacy 
at Ely : for that they were here before he was bishop, I 
can hardly imagine, he having nothing to do with the 
government of the house before he was bishop. 
5 If this be not allowed, I have nothing more to say, for 
it is evident from the king's licence, the original whereof 
is amongst our archives, that their first legal settlement 
here was no ancienter than the ninth of Edward the First, 
an. 1280", Decembr. 27. Dr Caius and Mr Wharton' (I 

lo suppose from Caius, with some little correction in the 

date) have found a grant to these scholars, an. 1273 Mail 

15, according to the first, an. 1274, according to the latter: 

if any such were, it must have been made to them whilst 

.they were yet in the old house; for it is very certain, 

1 5 both from the original instrument of partition by Hugh 
Balsham, as well as from the instruments of submission to 
his arbitrement both by the brethren and scholars, that 
they were not removed to Peterhouse till the year 1284. 
But I cannot but suspect there is some mistake, for that 

2o which Dr Caius speaks of was for annexing the house 
of the brethren de ]^oe-nitentia Jesu to these scholars an. 
1273, in the second year of Edward the First. It is true, 
there were such friars, situated against the Gilbertines, or 
White Canons, and St Edmund's chapel, at or near 

25 the place where St Peter's college now stands; where 
having built themselves apartments and erected a chapel, 
this made it very convenient for founding a college. But 
then I meet with these friars here in the third year of 
Edward the First; nor were they suppressed till an. 1274, 

30 at the second council of Lyons ^ (the first session whereof 
was held in May, and was not up, nor anything concluded, 
till a long time after) which limited the number of friars 
to the four great established orders of Dominicans, Fran- 
ciscans, Augustins and Carmelites, and suppressed all the 

3^ other strolling sects. And yet these brethren seem to 

1 Angl. Sacr. Vol. I. p. 637. In a Mali 15 Reg. Edw. I. secundo, quod 

MS. of bishop Wren sometime mas- incidit in annum 1273. This is great 

ter of Peterhouse are these words : authority, if there be no mistake. 
Sane chartam regiam vidi datam cus- ^ Y. Concil. Lugd. apud Labbe. 

todi, ct scholaribus domus Sti. Petri Tom. xi. [p. 990]. 

24 ST John's house or hospital. 

liave held their ground some time longer, which makes 
me suspect they were not taken into the college^ till some 
time after the foundation, wherein I am the more con- 
firmed, hecause Hugh Balsham in his settlement takes no 
notice of any such place, only of the two hostels belonging 5 
to St John's, (unless we will say they were tenants to 
that house). This will correct another mistake in Dr 
Caius^, who has discovered an hostel of secular brethren 
of St John, whereto he allots a share in the site of this 
college; whereas it could be no distinct hostel from these lo 
two belonging to the regulars, who in our old deeds and 
instruments are frequently styled fratres et clerici secu- 
lares, and seem to have been so in their original foun- 
dation, and might have continued so, had not Innocent the 
Fourth given them (what he indeed says they had before) 15 
the more honourable style and title of canons according to 
the order of St Austin. 

Hugh Balsham most probably (for it might be Hugh 
Norwold, there being no date) gave them an additional 
rule to the rule of St Austin. But the scholars were 20 
left by the king to be governed by another rule^, secundum 
regulam scholariitm, qui de Merton cognommantur, as the 
words are in the king's original licence. For that the 
statutes of Merton were older than the king's licence to 
Hugh Balsham will sufficiently appear from very im- 25 
partial evidence, that will not lie, the register at Durham*, 
there being a copy of them (possibly as old as the original, 
it being entered upon the oldest book in that church) bear- 
ing elate an. 1274. 

I shall only add upon this partition, that the division 30 
was made upon the disagreement and heats of the two 
difierent parties, which though sometimes composed, yet 
always broke out into new flames upon fresh occasions 
(the scholars being too wise, and the brethren possibly 

^ This is since confirmed by a John de Herwardstok and Robert 

very authentic evidence ; the site of de Lirling. Rymer, Acta pub. Tom. 

the house de pcenitentia Jesu came 3. p. 137. ad an. 1309. 
not to Peterhouse till an. 1309, * Hist. Cant. p. 51. 

an. 2^°. Edw. 1'^^, when it was given ^ Licentia regia original, 

them (with that king's licence) by * Regr. prioris et cap, Dunelra. 

ST John's house or hospital. 25 

over good) whicli grew at last to that height, that after 
neither the good offices nor the authority of their patron 
could allay them, he was forced at last to give way to a 
division, and place them at a greater distance : wherein, as 

5 the students seem to have been more to blame, so the 
brethren were the more eager of the two to part, and out 
of this eagerness they seem to have had the worse share 
in the division or exchange, whereof they afterwards com- 
plained. For as they gave up the impropriation of St 

lo Peter's church (now Little St Mary's) with the two 
adjoining hostels, so they received only as a compensation 
from the bishop out of the students' revenues an hostel 
over against the Dominicans (now Emmanuel college), 
afterwards styled Rudd's hostel, with an annual rent 

1 5 charge bought of Isabella Wombe, the value whereof being 
not specified, I will suppose to have been very small, with 
some old houses formerly belonging to the rector of 
Ey worth and to Robert Aunger adjoining to the hospital. 
Yet they had the less reason to complain, the bishop hav- 

20 ing formerly been a benefactor by conferring on them the 
vicarage^ of Horningsey in the tenth year of his pontificate, 
and so that living became a curacy, and was after served 
by any member of their body : though it cost them much 
trouble and expense, for notwithstanding this grant, the 

25 archbishop in his metropolitical visitation instituted a per- 
petual vicar, one Reginald de Lenma, who could not be 
ejected without appealing to the pope, then Nicholas the 
Third; who upon a hearing by a delegation to the prior 
of Huntingdon, adjudged the vicarage to the house. 

30 And thus I have done with this noted transaction, 
wherein we may see and admire the providence of God, 
in bringing so much good out of discord and division, and 
in making the scattering of these Levites to become a 

^ Ex Instrumento Simonis Epi. dated an. 1267. 
Elien. dat. an. 1 344. Ex charta origi- From the taxation in the Codex 
iiali. Bishop Alcock's register places BernwelL, p. 66, 67, under Walter 
this under Hugh Norwold, but this bishop of Norwich, who died the same 
must be a mistake, for both John year that Hugh Balsham was conse- 
Balsham archdeacon of Ely signs crated bishop, it appears that Horn- 
as a witness, and the confirmation ingsey was yet a vicarage, 
cf the prior and convent of Ely is 

26 ST John's house or hospital. 

blessing. No doubt our good bishop was much grieved 
with these divisions ; but could he have foreseen, that this 
broken and imperfect society was to give birth to two 
great and lasting foundations, and that two colleges were 
to be built upon one, he would have had much joj in his 5 

In his time or Hugh Norwold's (for it was done with 
the consent of Hugh bishop of Ely) William Twylet 
founded a cliantry in St Mary's chapel, in St Sepul- 
chre's church, the duty whereof was to be discharged 10 
by a brother of St John's, for the which he gave lands 
to the house in the town and fields of Cambridge : the 
charter being without date was probably given in Hugh 
Norwold's time ; for most of the grants or charters under 
Hugh Balsham are dated, whereas the older charters are [5 
often without date. Wherever we place it, St Sepul- 
chre's was then a parish church, and this falling in the 
period of time before the Jews were banished Cambridge 
(for in a transcript of a grant to William Twylet from the 
hospital there is mention of a house then in possession of 20 
a Jew, and about the same time there is an original^ con- 
cerning the sale of a house in that parish belonging to 
Molley a Jew) gives good ground to believe that it was 
not a Jewish synagogue, as Dr Caius and others have 
supposed it to have been. The Jews were banished Eng- 25 
land, as well as Cambridge, after Hugh Balsham's death, 
in the eighteenth of Edward the First ; in the nineteenth 
of his reign we find him disposing of some of their houses 
in the Jewry in Cambridge to E,oger Maniaunt and others. 
But it is certain from an inquisition ^ taken in the third 30 
year of this king's reign, that St Sepulchre's in the 
Jewry was then a church belonging to the prior and con- 
vent of Bern well /n 'proprios usus: and yet higher, in the 
last year of Henry the Third, there is an original^ grant 
of a house in St Sepulchre's parish to Galfridus de 35 
Alderhethe perpetual vicar of St Sepulchre's church ; so 
that it was then a vicarage, and was no doubt a par- 
sonage many years before, and in the oldest accounts that 
I have met with it is always a church. 

1 Inter archiva coll. " In Tur. Lond. ^ Inter archiva. 

ST John's house or hospital. 27 

There is no doubt, the Jews were very numerous in 
that part of the town of Cambridge ; we often meet with 
St Sepulchre's and St John's hospital in the Jewry; nay 
the Jewry reached yet further, for in our old deeds we 

5 meet with All Saints' church in the Jewry, as opposed to 
All Saints' near the castle : in an old taxation^ of the 
several churches in the diocese of Ely, made by the bishops 
of Winton and Lincoln by the authority (as is there said) 
of Nicholas the Fourth an. 1291, the year after the Jews 

lo were banished, we both meet with St Sepulchre's and 
with All Saints' in Judaismo. And therefore it is very 
probable they had a synagogue, and from all the marks of 
antiquity and religion yet remaining, I am apt to suspect 
the stone ^ hostel near adjoining was the place. In all 

15 appearance it must have been a place either of learning or 
religion, it was no seat of learning to us (though it has 
borne the name of Bede's house, who never^ came south 
of Humber) having formerly belonged to one Joceus a 
Jew, for so he is styled in an original grant of Roger 

2oManiaunt; afterwards it came to the priory of Bern well, 
and now belongs to St John's college : and possibly 
the canons of Bern well, as they were patrons of the 
church, so might have an ambition to be masters of the 

25 What then shall we say to this church? I suppose it 
was built pretty early, in the age of the crusades, in honour 
and memory of the holy sepulchre, when devotion ran 
much that way, and probably the Templars were the 
builders thereof. For that they had a temple at Cam- 

30 bridge we are well assured from very good authority*, 
which unless it were here, I do not know where to find 
it. And whoever looks upon the temple of the sepulchre 
at Jerusalem, or rather that part of it, that is styled the 
temple^ of the Eesurrection, or the Rotunda at Jerusalem, 

^ Eegrum Elien. pro contributione taxanda in villa 

2 At the comer of the street, since Cantebr. mention is made of domus 

demolished and rebuilt with brick. Templi, and the money collected is 

^ Y. Bed. Hist. Eccl. p. 492. ordered to be deposited in that house. 

Edit. Cant. V. Bedse Vit. ibid. In Turri Lond. an. f Hen. 3. 

■* Stow's Survey, [ed. 1633]. p<439. ^ Sandys' Travels, [ed. 1670]. p. 

In a writ of Hen. 3<* an. reg. VII". 128, 9. The form of this church [viz. 

28 ST John's house or hospital. 

will have so full and clear an idea of the Round church at 
Cambridge (and the Temple church^ at London is or was 
of the same figure) as easily to imagine, the model of this 
church might be brought from thence. Though the shape 
and figure of this church might be otherwise accounted 5 
for from its situation, which is so confined, that there is 
almost a necessity of having it round, there being hardly 
room left to stretch it out in length. But if the Templars 
were founders, being canons regular by their institution, 
they might part with their interest in it to the canons of lo 
Bernwell, being of near affinity, and all this possibly, as 
well the founding as disposing, with ' some regard to the 
conversion or humiliation of the neighbouring Jews. 

To return to our learned bishop ; as he was a benefactor 
to the college and house, so he likewise was to the uni- 15 
versity, as well by his good ofiices in composing differences 
arising among them, as by granting real privileges, which was 
then in the power of a bishop of Ely to do, before the pope's 
exemptions had freed them from his ordinary episcopal ju- 
risdiction. And therefore he ordained^ that there should lie 20 
no immediate appeal from the chancellor of the university 
to the bishop of Ely, without having the cause first ad- 
judged by an appeal to the body. And there being then 
another body of grammarians in the university, under the 
government of the archdeacon of Ely and the magister 25 
Glomerise, he limited the power of the archdeacon and of 
that master over these grammarians. 

This magister Glomerise has puzzled all our antiqua- 
ries, some making him the same with the senior regent, 
others, the orator; one man makes him register, and an- 30 
other, the sacellanus or university chaplain. He might 

ofthe sepulchre] was anciently round, The old temple was of the same 

as appears from Adamnanus de locis form, as appeared when part of the 

Sanctis apud Acta Sanctorum ord. ruins of the old temple were seen to 

Sti Benedicti sebc. hi. par. 2^^. praef. remain huilded of Caen stone, round 

p. 505, where we have a map or cut in form as the new temple by Temple 

of the old church at Jerusalem, £ar, &c. See Stow's Survey, edit. 

1 Stow, ibid. Quaere Stow, or i. p. 361. 

Buck of the universities in Eng- ^ Ex antique regro apud Hare 

land? [Annales, ed, 1631]. p. 1070. Collect. Vol. i. 

ST John's house or hospital. 29 

happen accidentally to be any of these, for he was usually 
chose out of the principal regents, and commonly, some 
noted humanist or orator : but that he was distinct from 
them all is pretty evident, because he continued an officer 
5 after all these offices were in being. 

Bishop Wren^ is the most unhappy in his conjecture, 
who makes him to be the same with the sacellanus or 
chaplain; whereas this officer was much more modern in 
his institution, and his duty very different, being to com- 

lo meraorate and pray for the benefactors to the university, 
and do the other duties of a chaplain. This office con- 
tinued some time after part of the duty ceased, and part 
of its endowment (being a house in Shoemakers' Eow) 
was not alienated till an. 1599, when Dr Jegon being 

^5 vice-chancellor, it was sold^ by a grace of the house, though 
(as is there said) it had been given in pios usus. An- 
other part of his salary was upon degrees, which was con- 
tinued to the chaplain, or to the university under his 
name, till an. 1611^, about which time, or somewhat 

2o sooner, the public library keeper and orator's salary being 
augmented from degrees, this payment to the chaplain 
ceases. From this time I hear no more of this officer. 

But the magister Glomerise is not heard of so late, and 
was an officer very different from the chaplain. He was 

2,5 originally a sort of rector of the grammarians, as the 
chancellor was of the masters and other scholars ; he had 
a power of examining and approving such as took degrees 
in grammar, both to their learning and manners, and in 
lesser causes had a jurisdiction over these grammarians : 
30 and as the chancellor took an oath to the bishop of Ely at 
his confirmation, till an exemption was obtained from* 
Boniface the Ninth, so the magister Glomerias took an 
oath (at his admission) to the archdeacon, even after this ex- 
emption, for the due observance and performance of his office: 
35 the last instance whereof, that I meet with, was by John 
Newton^, M. A., admitted magister Glomerige by the arch- 

^ De custod. Pemb. in vita Nich. * V. Bullam Bonifacii Noni dat. 

Ridley. an. 12° pontificatus. 

^ Ex regro acad. ad an. 1599. ^ Ex MS. Col. Corp. Clir. Tit. 

^ Ex regro acad. Statut. Cantabr. 

30 ST John's house or hospital. 

deacon's official November 6 an. 1452, upon his taking 
the usual oath. The power of the magister Glomeri^ was 
afterwards more limited, and the last that bore that office 
(as far as my observation yet reaches) was Mr Cheeke 
(afterwards Sir John Cheeke) an. 1539, 40, though it is 5 
very true there is later mention of the office \ 

This was the nature of his office ; as to the reason of 
the name, I am yet to seek, though I am apt to think it 
was derived a glomerando'^^ from his congregating or 
gathering his scholars together, either for exercise, disci- lo 
pline, or jurisdiction : for he had his bedel to this purpose. 
We meet with Glomer Lane upon the books'' in St Mary's 
parish, near King's college, where there was anciently an 
hostel for students in grammar, and probably the place of 
their assembly might be thereabouts : but whether the 15 
master gave the name to the lane, or the lane to the master, 
I will not pretend to determine. These grammarians at 
King's being afterwards removed to God's house, and 
that house being suppressed upon the founding of Christ's 
college, we meet with few degrees in grammar after that 20 

I shall enlarge no further upon the services done the 
university by this worthy prelate, which were so consider- 
able as justly to entitle him to annual exequies, which 
were solemnly decreed him by the university* upon the 25 
15th of June, being the day of his decease, as well as upon 
the vigil, the evening before : but the hospital seems not 
to have been so well satisfied, for he has no place among 
their benefactors. And therefore to repair their losses, or 
make good their wants, after his death they apply unto the 30 
king then Edward the First, who gave them^ a grant of the 
forfeitures of victuals of forestallers and regraters towards 
the maintenance of poor scholars and other infirm people 
there : the like grant having been formerly made to St 
John's hospital at Oxford, of the king's own foundation, 35 
might possibly lead to this, or make the grant more easy ; 

1 Regrum acad. an. 1539, 1540. ^ V. Libr. Barnwell MS. p. 107. 

^ Glomerare in our old synodals V. MS. Aul. Clar. 

is used for congregare. V. Concil. * Statuta vetera acad. fol. 50. 

Becanceld, &c. ^ An.reg. 21. Hare Collect. Vol. i. 

ST John's house oe hospital. 31 

and this grant (as far as it concerns Cambridge) was con- 
firmed by the three following kings. 

The succeeding bishops did not concern themselves much 
in the affairs of the house, till John Hothum, who was 
5 an active prelate and concerned himself in everything that 
fell within the compass of his jurisdiction. Hugh Balsham 
had given them a rule, but the manner of electing and 
confirming their prior had not yet been sufficiently ad- 
justed : for though they had the power of electing pretty 

I o early, by the bull of Innocent the Fourth, yet the bishops 
of Ely seem to have interposed, perhaps not without the 
consent of the brethren, who to shake off their former 
patrons were willing to give more than was his share to 
the bishop of the diocese. This bishop adjusted that mat- 

15 ter by his statute or ordinance bearing date^ an. 1332, 
whereby he leaves to the brethren the choice of a fit person, 
being one of their own body, or in default of such, one 
out of the hospital of St John's at Ely, the confirma- 
tion always to be in him and his successors. This must 

20 have been agreeable enough, for there was an entire union 
and agreement betwixt these two hospitals, which shewed 
itself in a very solemn compact, wherein by indenture^ 
under the common seal of both houses they oblige them- 
selves and their successors for ever, and as far as in them 

25 lay, confirm this engagement with a corporal oath, that 
whenever any brother of either house should depart out of 
this life, every brother of the other house, then surviving, 
if a priest, should celebrate three masses, and every other 
member should repeat thirty paternosters, for the soul of 

30 the party deceased, within twenty days after his decease. 
These amicabiles concordice, for maintaining friendship and 
good understanding betwixt houses of the same order or 
foundation, are not unusual amongst the religious, but I 
believe there are few instances of a concord entered into 

35 and covenanted in so solemn and lasting a manner as this 
was: and therefore having a common interest, it could 
never be improper that they should have a common head. 

^ Dat. apud Somersham Jan. 4. ^ Ex indentur. original, dat. an. 

an. consecrat. 17. an. Dni. 1332. i343- inter archiva coll. 

33 ST John's house or hospital. 

Simon Montacute was yet deeper in their affairs, by 
perfecting the designs of Hugh Balsham both at Peter- 
house and St John's. I have already intimated, that 
the regular brethren had the worse in the exchange, and 
had no equal compensation allowed for the loss of St 5 
Peter's church near Trumpington gate, which was given 
from them to the college. This they afterward complained 
of, and great variance arising thereupon to the continual 
disquiet and equal prejudice of both those societies, both 
parties were at last prevailed with to submit themselves to 10 
the award and arbitrement of this prelate their common 

The original submission^ of Roger de la Goter master, 
and fourteen fellows of St Peter's college who are all 
there named, is yet extant amongst our archives under 15 
the common seal of that college, together with an ancient 
copy of the submission of Alexander de Ixnynge master 
and five brethren of that house of the same date: and 
both of them oblige themselves to abide by his determi- 
nation under the penalty of suspension, excommunication, 20 
and of fulminating an interdict, as is there said. Being 
thus armed as well by his own authority as with consent 
of parties, he proceeded to a hearing (the whole process 
whereof is entered upon that bishop's register 2) and after 
very mature deliberation and weighing the reasons and 25 
arguments of both sides he at last awarded and decreed^, 
that the church should continue in the possession of the 
college, but with equitable consideration and as a compen- 
sation to the brethren he ordered, that the college should 
pay them annually for ever 205. at two equal payments, at 30 
the two terms or feasts of the purification of the blessed 
Virgin and St John the Baptist : and that if this pay- 
ment should be a retro by the space of twenty days, they 
should nomine poence pay 205. more, and in case of failure 
(without some just impediment) after other twenty days 35 
they were ipso facto to incur the sentence of excommuni- 
cation, and the bishop of Ely is to pronounce and retain 
them bound under that sentence, till they have effectually 

1 Dat. 10 Calend. Mali an. 1339. ^ Jul. 10. an. 1340. 

2 Regr. Montacut. fol. 17, i8. 

ST John's house oe hospital. 33 

paid obedience to this decree, which both parties submit 
to and again ratify by their consent, under the like 
penalty of excommunication ; and the brethren relax and 
quit their claim under the same penalty, that the college 
5 is bound to make their payment. This 1 have the rather 
mentioned, because this payment is yet continued, (though 
it will never be exacted under such direful penalties) not 
for the site of their college, as has been imagined, but for 
the site and endowments of their church. 

lo I shall only observe further, that this Roger de la 
Goter de S*". Botulpho is the first master of Peterhouse 
that has yet appeared : I shall add one more ancient to that 
catalogue, Robert de MildenhalP sacrse paging professor, 
who as master of Peterhouse is constituted a penitentiary 

15 by this bishop an. 1342 ; and to a master to add a founder, 
to the eternal honour of this bishop he presented Edmund 
de Gun vile ^ to the church of Tyryngton in the diocese of 
Norwich an. 1342 ; to which church he again presented^ 
October 15 an, 1351, being then void by the death of 

,20 Edmund Gunvile, the worthy founder of Gunvile hall. 

He likewise gave a complete body of statutes to St 
Peter's college ; and whereas before the disposal of fellow- 
ships there was solely in the bishops of Ely as founders, 
by these statutes he left them free and full power of elect- 

25 ing fellows : for which particular favour, as well as for 
privileges granted by him to the university, he was com- 
memorated in the ancient formulary* of commemorating 
and praying for our benefactors. 

One other thing, because it is remarkable, and so I 

,30 shall take leave of this excellent bishop. The King's 
hall at Cambridge was founded about this time by king 
Edward the Third^ an. reg. 11""°. Octob. 7, which being 
a royal foundation and likewise authorised by bulls of 
the pope, one would have thought nothing more should 

35 have been necessary ; and yet such then was the episcopal 
authority, that it was not thought safely or regularly 
founded, till they had the confirmation of the bishop of the 

^ Regrum Montacut. fol. 95. * Ex missa pro benefactoiibus. 

^ Regr, Montac. an. 1342. ° Ex cliarta originali inter arch. 

^ Regr. Monfac. 1351, coll. Trin. Cant. 


34 ■ ST John's house or hospital. 

diocese, which was granted by this bishop^ an. 1343 ; 
and therefore Dr Caius must be widely mistaken, who 
places this foundation an. 1376. But this shews that the 
bishop's licence or confirmation was always requisite, and 
therefore Nigellus must needs have done thus much to- 5 
wards the foundation of St John's house, which, having 
been a poor thing in its beginnings, might be the best 
ground (for aught I know) to entitle him to the foundation. 

The affairs of the house being now pretty well settled, 
there was less occasion for the bishops of Ely to interpose; lo 
accordingly the registers of Ely are more silent in their 
affairs. In Lisle's time, the succeeding bishop, there was a 
plague at Cambridge an. 1349, so very mortal and raging, 
especially in St John's in Miln street, and All Saints' 
parishes, that the parishioners being swept away in heaps, i^ 
the oblations^ of the people Avere not sufficient to maintain 
and supply the vicars there with necessaries of life, as 
is there complained of. This mortality in the parish, it 
seems, reached the house, for in this year, within the 
compass of three months, I meet with three masters or 20 
priors buried out of the house ^, Alex, de Ixnynge, E.ob. 
Sprouston, and Roger de Broom, and in the choice of the 
next prior Will. Beer, who continued not a year, there 
were only two brothers left to make the election ; though 
to speak the truth, they were not very numerous when 25 
they had their complement, nor have I ever observed 
above five or six brethren at the most when they were 
a full chapter. Not but their revenues were sufficient for 
a greater number, but a good part of these was to be 
allotted for the maintenance of sick and infirm people, who 30 
were brought hither, and whom by their rule and order 
they were obliged to maintain. 

There having been frequent vacancies about this time, 
there are several presentations of masters upon the books, 
from whence will appear the qualifications requisite in a. 33 
master, which I shall put down, and the rather because the 
college statutes, especially the first, had some regard to the 
customs of the old house, where they were found to be good, 

1 Eegr. Montacut. fol. ig. ^ Regr. Elien. ad an. 1349. 

» Eeg. Elien. ibid. 


The master tlien was to be^ vir providus et honesfus, 
o^eligiosus et discrefus, Uterarum scientia, vita et morilms 
commendandus, in cetate legitima et ordine sacerdotali con- 
stitutus — which are much the same that are required in 
5 a master by the present statutes, as any one may see 
that will take the pains to compare them. 

This unfortunate prelate, though he might do nothing 
for the hospital, yet was a benefactor to St Peter's 
college, and therefore Mr Wharton^ is mistaken, who 

^o corrects bishop Godwin for saying that he was. He was 
a benefactor, and a very considerable one, to which pur- 
pose the ancient formulary before cited is an undeniable 
evidence, where he stands commemorated next after Hugh 
Balsham, and before Simon Montacute, though he was 

^5 after the latter in order of time. 

In the year 1352, on the Saturday after the feast of All 
Saints, he dedicated the church extra Trumpington gates 
to the honour of the Blessed Virgin Mary ; from which 
period of time, I suppose, St Peter's church, as well as 

20 the college, did assume the new name and title of St 
Mary (which has continued to the church, though not to 
the college). For in the same register^, in March an. 1352, 
they are styled St Peter's church and St Peter's house, 
where the bishop grants licence to his scholars at St Peter's 

25 house, that they might celebrate divine service upon a 
portable altar in the chancel of St Peter's church (which 
shews it was then their place of worship), but an. 1353 we 
meet with St Mary's house extra Trumpington gates, and 
an. 1355 with the hall Beatee Marine de gratia. 

30 To conclude his good works, he granted licence or con- 
firmation of the foundation of three colleges in Cambridge, 
Pembroke, Gunvile hall, and Benet college. The first he 
confirmed Novembr. 23* an. 1349; the second January 1 
an. 1351, under the title of the hall of the Annunciation 

35 of the Blessed Virgin, at the desire of William bishop of 
Norwich. And he granted his licence or faculty^ to found 

^ Begr. Elien. Arch. coll. ' Ad fundand. et ordinand. do- 

' Angl. Sacr. i. p. 652. mum praedictam concedimus facul- 

Regr. Elien. an. 135-2, 1353. tatem. 

* Regr. Elien. an. 1349, 1351. 


36' ST John's house or hospital. 

Corpus Christi college Febr. 3 an. 1352, consecrat siise 
octavo. So that either our accounts from Benet college, 
or this register^ is mistaken. The register cannot easily 
mistake, having fixed both the year of our Lord, as well 
as the year of the consecration. 5 

The house was yet growing and its revenues increased 
in this long reign and under the succeeding bishops, for 
they had two mortmains granted by king Edward the 
Third in the 21st and 36th years of his reign, and began 
to spread into the neighbouring counties by the bounty lo 
and charity of good men, having lands granted them in 
Clavering and Langley in Essex. They held a friendly 
correspondence and very good understanding with their 
new neighbours at King's hall, and being resolved to 
redeem their credit for the ill treatment of their brethren at 15 
Peterhouse, they treated their neighbours here with much 
greater humanity. Many good offices passed between 
them ; they gave leave to the students of that hall to 
pull down an old wall and to build upon their ground, 
and for the conveniency of that hall they parted with 20' 
some ground upon very small and unequal considerations. 

This hall confined upon St John's from the street to 
the river, being situated on the north side of the present 
college of the Holy Trinity. It was then much the 
greatest foundation in Cambridge, consisting of a warden^ 25 
and thirty-two clerks or students, for so many they were at 
the foundation', and they were so many at the dissolution, 
as appears by a survey taken of the state of that college* 
by Matthew Parker then vice-chancellor, John Redman 
afterwards master of Trinity college, and William Mey 30 
master of Queens', commissionated by the king the same 
year it was dissolved. These thirty-two were all fellows* 
it does not appear they had any scholars, but being a 
society of grave and learned men, they were usually taken 
from other colleges. And in an old draught of bishop 35 
Fisher's^ statutes given to St John's every fellow there 

1 EegrumElien.adan. 1349, 135:. Trinit. 

1352. _ * Ex MS. Colleg. Corp. Chr. Cant. 

2 Eegr. Montacut. ad an. T343. Titulo Stat. Coll. 

3 Chart, fundat. nter archlvacoU. ^ Statuta Vetera dat, an. 15'24. 

ST John's house or hospital. 37 

upon liis election obliges himself not to accept of a fellow- 
ship in any other college, unless he should happen to he 
elected to King's hall. 

But these large endowments, as generally supposed 
5 (though the original foundation was not very opulent), had 
no happy consequences in their beginnings ; for in the very 
next reign complaints being made, the king, then Eichard 
the Second, as hereditary patron, in the seventh year of 
his reign issued out his commission to Thomas Arundell^ 

lo bishop of Ely to visit the college. The commission sets 
forth that the king had been informed of many defects, as 
well in the buildings as government of the college, by 
neglect of the present warden, that the number of students 
had been diminished and their rights infringed by the 

15 warden, and several lands, rents and possessions granted 
them by king Edward the Third had been wasted and 
destroyed, their charters, books, jewels and other monu- 
ments, goods and chattels had been alienated and sold by 
the warden and his ministers or servants, whereby divers 

20 debates, dissensions and discords did arise betwixt the 
master and students, so that the students led a desolate 
life, and could by no means attend to learning and study, 
to the danger of the subversion and final destruction of the 
college^, as well as of the scholars and students there. 

25 There is no further account of this visitation or commis- 
sion : no doubt it was executed, but proceeding herein by 
the king's authority (for the bishop was limited by his 
commission to do nothing by his ordinary power) it might 
not be thought so proper to be entered upon his register. 

30 One other service was done this hall by the bishops of Ely, 
by appropriating to the college^ St Mary's church, then 
in the patronage of the king their founder, an. 1343. 

John Fordham was translated from Durham to Ely in 
the twelfth year of Eichard the Second*, and had the 

35 temporalities of that see restored him Septembr. 27 by 
the king at Barnwell, where the king hg^d taken up his 
lodgings during the parliament at Cambridge: a parliament 

1 Eegrum Arundell. fol. ip6. ^ Eegr. Montacut. ap. 1343. 

2 He^. Arund. * Eegrum Fordham, ad an. 

38 ST John's house or hospital. 

which the printed books have placed at Canterbury, herein 
sufficiently confuted by MSS. collections, particularly by a 
very ancient one at St John's college, which concluding 
in this reign with the parliament at Cambridge, may be 
supposed to have been taken about this time. This par- 5 
liament was held at the house of the Carmelites, situated 
on the ground betwixt the present King's and Queens' 
colleges, next the river ^; the convocation by the summons 
was to be at St Mary's church or elsewhere ; the place of 
entertainment was at King's hall, which proved an advan- 10 
tage to that hall by improving their buildings, as it did to 
the university and town by cleansing their streets, by the 
king's particular order to the chancellor of Cambridge to 
that purpose. 

This John Fordham did some little things for the 15 
house ; ' being no lasting services, they need not be men- 
tioned; but under him the hospital revenues were still 
improving, and it was about this time they received 
another mortmain from king Richard the Second in the 
sixteenth year of his reign. This was for a chantry at St 20 
Botolph's church, founded by John Morice (who in the 
catalogue^ of benefactors is styled Sir John Morice knight) , 
and was to be discharged by a brother of the house, for 
the which, that is, for praying and celebrating daily at 
St Botolph's church for the soul of Sir John Morice and 25 
some of his relations, they had lands granted them in 
Cambridge, Coton and Chesterton. This chantry (with 
the other at St Sepulchre's) was kept up after the disso- 
lution under the new foundation, and one of these chantries 
was usually in the hands of the college sacrist. These 30 
chantries Avere little things, and not subsisting separately 
by themselves, were usually annexed to some church or 
religious house, Avho maintained a priest to pray for the 
souls of the particular founder, his family, or relations: 
and so these two already mentioned were annexed to and 35 
planted upon the hospital, though the duties were to be 

1 Hare Collect, ad an. 12 Eici. pro quorum aniraabus magistri et 
secundi. confratres hujus domus in perpe- 

2 Catalogus fundatorum et alio- tuum specialiter orare tenentur. 
rum benefactorum hujus domus, Inter archiv. coll. 

ST John's house or hospital. 39 

discliarged at tlie two several churches, having been the 
parochial churches of the two particular benefactors, and 
probably the place where they were interred. 

To Peterhouse this bishop was a more considerable 
S benefactor by appropriating to the college the church of 
Hinton^ Mar. 20 an. 1395, which had been granted 
them before by Simon Langham ; but he being removed to 
Canterbury before the church became vacant, upon the 
death of the incumbent John Barnet, his successor at Ely, 

JO nulled his grant, and a new incumbent was invested in 
that living. But the scholars there setting forth anew their 
great wants to this bishop, and that though their college 
had been founded by Hugh Balsham, yet it was not yet 
sufficiently endowed, nor their buildings finished, nor suf- 

15 ficiently furnished with other necessary offices, and that 
the revenues were so very lean and small as not to be 
sufficient to maintain and support a master and fourteen 
fellows according to the ordinances of his predecessors : he 
having compassion of their case^ and a tender regard to 

20 their notorious indigence, as likewise with regard to their 
celebrated virtues, as well as continued and unwearied 
exercise in discipline and study, and as an inexpugnable 
bulwark against the perverse and sacrilegious doctrines 
then prevailing, did effectually invest them with this 

25 church (whereof they had been patrons before), which by 
his grant they have ever since enjoyed, and for that reason 
I have here put down the uses. 

Whatever other offices they wanted, it seems their 
celebrated virtues had put them upon building a chapeP; 

30 for an. 1388 Octobr. 12 the bishop grants licence to the 
master and fellows of St Peter's house to hear divine ser- 
vice and exercise other divine offices in their chapel 
within the same house, which I suppose were performed 
before in St Mary's church, 

35 And because two of the masters of this house under 
this bishop seem to be forgot, and one of them ought never 
to be forgot, I will put them down in this place. The 

1 Kegi-um Fordham. fol._2i5. ^ Regr. Fordham. ibid, 

3 Kegr. Fordham. an. 1388. 


first was William Cavendish A.M., who (upon the resig- 
nation of John de Newton) being nominated and presented 
by the college with Stephen Shyppewyth, the bishop 
elected and admitted William Cavendish April 11 an. 1397\ 
And he holding that preferment a very short time, the 5 
bishop elected and admitted John Botkelsham August 27 
the same year, being nominated and presented by the col- 
lege together with William Irby, upon the resignation or 
cession of William Cavendish. This is that John de Bot- 
lisham eximice scientice vt'r, who upon his promotion makes lo 
way for Thomas de Castro Bernardi rector of Cotenham, 
who was presented by the college (and afterward admitted) 
with William Irby June 7th an. 1400 2, upon John de 
Botlisham's being elected and confirmed in the see of 
Rochester. And this is that John de Botkisham, who in 15 
the missa pro henefactorihus stands thus recorded ; Iteyn 
pro anima magistri Johannis de BotMsliam Episcopi Rof- 
fensis, qui dedit co7nmuni cistce universitatis 20 lib., 
dedit insuper cuilihet collegio 20 lib. et pr(Bter licec contidit 
coUegio sancti Petri omnes libros suos juris canonici et 20 
civilis, et midta alia bona fecit et fieri procuravit. 

Having been so large upon a particular college, I shall 
say the less of the affairs of the university. I have already 
said the exemption of the chancellor from the confirmation 
of the bishop and the oath of canonical obedience there- 25 
upon was now obtained. From the conduct of that affair 
it is obvious to observe, how dangerous a thing it is to 
make any compliments where privilege is concerned ; one 
would almost suspect the university had laid a train for 
this bishop. It had been usual to choose their chancellor 30 
out of the heads or some noted members of any society 
and it suited very well with such persons to pay all defer- 
ence and submission to the bishop of Ely 3. In the year 
1396 they chose one Eudo la Zouch, a man of great pre- 
ferments and greater quality, and so a compliment being 35 
made at Ely, the bishop was willing with regard to his 
state and degree and noble birth to excuse his oath of obe- 

^ Kegrum Fordham. an. 1397. 2 jj^gr, Fordham. an. 1400. 

3 Regi um Fordham. passim. 

ST John's house or hospital. 41 

dience and confirms him witliout it, only with some salvo 
to his right. Two years after they chose the same great 
man again, and then that which before was only compli- 
ment was almost necessary and coidd not decently be 
5 refused, and so he was confirmed again without exacting 
an oath. But this compliment cost the bishop dear, this 
Eudo la Zouch being the last chancellor (excepting one) 
that sought any confirmation from that see. For now the 
university having a favourable conjuncture under an impe- 

10 rious pope and a yielding bishop, apply to Rome, expect- 
ing to meet with little opposition, and obtain a bulP from 
Boniface the Ninth in the twelfth year of his pontificate, 
whereby, only to prevent the trouble and expense of a 
journey to Ely, he ordains that the chancellor's election 

15 should be his confirmation, and so another man of quality 
being chosen chancellor, the better to grace and back the de- 
sign, here was an end of that branch of the bishop's power. 
I know the pope in that bull pretends that all this was 
done without solicitation and ex mero motu; but we know 

20 the meaning of that form both in regal and papal grants. 

The bishop under a succeeding pope prefers^ a very 

humble and submissive petition against the exemptions 

granted by Boniface the Ninth (for there had been likewise 

an exemption granted to Michaelhouse, with privileges to 

25 St John's, etc.). But it was then too late; rights that are 
once lost are not easily recovered, and one pope usually 
confirms what has been done by another. 

The same year with this bull, September after', an. 
1401, archbishop Arundell visited the university and this 

30 house. This visitation has been placed before the bull, 
probably lest it should be thought to hurt our privileges : 
but there could be no danger of that, for the great and full 
exemption from ordinary jurisdiction was not granted till 
some years after, by the Processus Barnwellensis, and this 

35 exemption concerned only the confirmation of the chan- 
cellor. Together with the body, the archbishop visited 
every particular college, excej)t Benet and King's hall- 

^ Hare Collect. Vol. I. ^ Hare CoU. Vol. II. an. 1401, ex 

2 Kegrum Fordhara. fol. 2 12. regro Arundell. 

42 ST John's house oe hospital. 

Dr Fuller^ starts a wonder why Gonvil hall was not 
then visited ; it was visited under the title of the college 
of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin (mistaken hy 
him for Benet college), the style or title given it by bishop 
Bateman at its second foundation, being its usual style upon 5 
the registers of Ely, nor is it ever styled Gonvile hall upon 
that register till an. 1397 ^ when the true founder begun 
to recover his right to the name. And as to Benet col- 
lege, it might be excused either in compliment to the chan- 
cellor who was head of that house, or with regard to the io 
house of Lancaster of which family the king then was. 
To the Dr's other wonder at King's hall, we have seen 
before it was of royal visitation. 

What was done at St John's hospital does not appear, 
further than that it was visited by commission (for the i5 
archbishop visited only the body in person) on the 19th 
day of September in the church of that hospital ; for so it 
is there styled, whereas the several colleges were visited in 
their respective chapels. This seems to shew it had some 
parochial rights ; and so undoubtedly it had, by the grants 20 
of Innocent the Fourth and the confirmation of bishops, 
upon a compensation given by the brethren to the nuns 
of St E-adegund. 

The site of this church or chapel has been hitherto 
doubtful, and therefore it may be worth the while to trace 25 
out its situation. A certain person^ who has taken some 
pains in this inquiry seems to place it about the old build- 
ings betwixt the college and the stone hostel in St Se- 
pulchre's parish. This is a wide mistake, for it is very 
certain it was situated in All Saints' parish, from the con- 30 
troversy about parochial rights betwixt the brethren and 
the nuns, nothing of which was ever heard of from St 
Sepulchre's parish or from their patrons the canons of 
Barnwell. There is one sure way of fixing its situation, 
by comparing the college books with Dr Caius*. The 35 
Dr says (with reproach to the college), it was situated 
wh^re the college stables then stood : it appears from 

. 1 Hist. Cambr. p. 63. 3 MS. D. M. 

^ Eegrum Elien. an. 1397. * De Antiq. Cant. p. 106. 

ST John's house or hospital. 4:3 

several passages in tlie books ^ that the college or master's 
stables in Dr Caius's time were situated at the west 
end of the old buildings, behind the present chapel, near 
bishop Fisher's chapel : so that these old buildings have 
5 been the old chapel, the marks whereof yet shew them- 
selves, both bj the remaining cloister, usually adjoining to 
the church or chapel of religious houses, as Avell as by the 
figure or shape of the building, as likewise by the shape of 
the doors, the traces whereof are yet remaining, one of 

10 which, wide and round, had opened to the back lane 
towards the town, for the conveniency of the townsmen 
and for the sake of perquisites to the brethren. 

About the year 1586^ these old buildings were repaired, 
altered and turned into tenements and rented out to 

15 scholars, and then the college stables were removed to the 
place where they now stand, and other buildings raised 
thereabouts, by the name of the new hostel. 

I once thought the old chapel had been situated 
where the present stables now stand, on the other side of 

20 the street, opposite to the old buildings : and my reason 
was this, because the old brethren had" a cemetery or 
churchyard thereabouts, as is evident from an old grant, 
where there is mention of a house standing betwixt the 
cemetery of All Saints' and the cemetery of St John's 

25 hospital, so that they were only parted by a house ; and 
the many bones and skulls dug up under the neighbouring 
houses sujfficiently evince that a cemetery has been there. 
But this cemetery might have been for the poor and infirm 
thst resorted thither, there might have been another ceme- 

30 tery for the brethren or benefactors within the precincts 
of the house, or they might have been buried in the 
chapel : however this be, the situation of the old chapel 
can be no longer doubted. 

As John Fordham did little for the hospital, so his 

35 immediate successor Philip Morgan' did less, nor indeed 
can I meet with any service or any notice taken by him 
of this hospital. These two bishops had some reason to 
be out of humour with the religious, as well as with the 

1 Liber tliesaurar. sub regn. EUz. ^ Liber thesaurar. an. 1 586, &c. 

44 ST John's house or hospital. 

university, who seem to have conspired and joined in the 
same design of procuring exemptions from episcopal 
jurisdiction. For it was under this bishop that the great 
blow was given to the see of Ely by the university, by 
obtaining from Martin^ the Fifth an. 1430 his bulls to 5 
this purpose, directed to the prior of Barnwell and John 
Deping canon of Lincoln : John Deping being a secular 
was not fond of such employment, but the prior of Barn- 
well was a man for the purpose, who sat and heard the 
process alone, and the bulls of Honorius and Sergius the 10 
First being produced (who had no more authority in 
England than they had at Japan) he very learnedly gave 
sentence for the university upon two as rank forgeries as 
ever were ; for the whole stress of the controversy turned 
upon these bulls. But the present pope was willing to 15 
believe there had been such a power exercised in England 
by his predecessors so many hundred years ago, and the 
honest prior was to follow his instructions. And so there 
was an end of ordinary jurisdiction. 

The following bishop being only a commendatory pre- 20 
late and governing his diocese by an administrator, as it 
gave a fair opportunity to the university of enjoying 
peaceably their new exemptions, so it afforded none for 
good works ; nor was it to be expected, that he that had 
never seen his own monks, should be much concerned for 25 
the religious of other orders. But he presided under a 
prince of greater virtues, who ought always thankfully 
to be commemorated for the encouragements afforded by 
him to piety and learning. 

It was under him the house ^ was yet flourishing; he 30 
gave them a further mortmain, and they having exceeded 
the bounds limited by the king's licence, he granted them 
a pardon for having purchased lands without a mortmain 
and having occasion for a tenement of theirs (then St 
Cross' hostel in St John Baptist's parish) for his new 35 
foundation of King's college, he gave them (by a very 
advantageous exchange) lands in Over with the fish ponds 

1 V. Processum Barnwellens. apud Hare Collect. Vol. II. an. 14^0. 
^ Ex archivis passim. 

ST John's house or hospital. 45 

near the house formerly belonging to Merton college, 
granted hy them to King's college with a parliamentary 
confirmation, and by that college granted to the king. 
This was in pm-suance of his second^ and great de- 
5 sign, when he had such occasion for room that he demo- 
lished several hostels, as well as the church of St John 
Baptist. His first design was for a rector and twelve 
fellows, and for that the present old buildings, as they were 
intended, so were capacious enough. But that St John 

lo Baptist's church was part of these buildings (as has been 
supposed) is surely a mistake : for there is neither any 
mention of that church in the first foundation, and it was 
certainly standing two years after, an. 1443, when the 
king undertook his second design; and two years after 

15 that it was yet standing, for an. 1445 May 16 the 
prior and convent of Barnwell^ presented Nicholas Cloos 
D. D. fellow of King's (then master of the king's works 
there, and afterwards successively bishop of Carlisle and 
Lichfield) to the perpetual vicarage of St John in 

20 Milne street. And after it was demolished, it was rebuilt 
and endowed in another place near the college" by the 
piety of that prince ; but a great part of the parish being 
levelled to make room for the new college, by the common 
ruin of so many houses and want of inhabitants* the 

25 parish sunk of itself, and so was united to St Edward's 
parish, as is set forth in the registers of Ely. Both these 
churches were granted to the king by the convent of 
Barnwell (for which they had the church of Quy appro- 
priated to them as a compensation), and both of them came 

30 from that king to Trinity hall, upon other reasons than 
has been supposed; for that hall never held St John's 
church or parish before the foundation of King's college. 

So many exchanges were made towards this foundation®, 
so many rights were to be made good, so many houses and 

35 hostels were to go down^ at least six or seven, and such 

^ Ex MSS. coll. Regal. Cant. ^ Hostels demolished upon the 

® Eegr. Bourgchier. ad an. 1445. erection of King's coll. — Grod's house, 

3 Regr. Bourgchier. fol. 43. St Edward's hostel, St Edmund's 

4 Regr. G-ray, fol. 103. hostel, St Nicholas' hostel, Hospi- 
" MS. D. C. coll. Regal. Cant. tium vocat. Le Boreshede, St Au- 

46 ST John's house or hospital. 

alterations were to be made in the site of the town by 
demolishing almost a whole street with the lanes adjacent, 
leading from the High street to Miln street and from thence 
to the river, that nothing less than an act of parliament 
could have been sufficient to effect so great a design by 5 
making good and confirming these grants and exchanges. 
Great complaints had been made formerly by the bur- 
gesses and townsmen of Cambridge against the desolation 
of houses by the foundation of the four religious houses of 
friars ; but nothing like this had yet been attempted. And lo 
therefore, though the design was formed and begun sooner, 
yet I believe little was done towards it till this act of 
parliament was obtained for confirming and advancing 
this royal foundation : and after all, though this good king 
had been nicely exact in satisfying claims and very scru- 15 
pulous in answering objections, yet did he not at last think 
lie had been over good ? were not his last thoughts that lie 
had done over much? 

After this brief account of this magnificent foundation, 
the affairs of the house will look very small, and yet they ^° 
were still growing in the latter end of this reign (for I 
have now done with the bishops of Ely) as well as in the 
following reigns of Edward the Fourth and Eichard the 
Third, when they received additional endowments at Ash- 
well in Hertfordshire and Bradley in Suffolk, under two 25 
careful masters, John Dunham and Robert Dunham. 

It was under the former of these masters that the 
house was admitted to the privileges of the university, 
Thomas Eotheram, bishop of Lincoln and keeper of the 
privy seal, being then chancellor of the university. This 30 
letter of privilege is entered (by way of appendix) upon 
the old cartulary \ and deserves to be preserved. It sets 
forth, that whereas grievous complaints had been made to 
the university, that the master and company of St John's 
house together with their servants had been much dis- 35 
quieted and disturbed by laical or secular power, not having 
formerly been reputed or received as members of the uni- 

gustin's hostel, St John's hostel near ^ Cartular. vet. inter archiva 

St John Bapt. church, &c, coll. 

ST John's house or hospital. 47 

versity, the chancellor and body of regents, at the request 
of the house, thinking it unreasonable that they who were 
under the privileges of religion should be longer sub- 
ject to secular disturbances, do therefore receive the master 

5 and company into the society, liberties and number of 
their members, and make them and their servants partakers 
of the privileges of the university. 

I have forborne saying much of the learning of the 
brethren till I came to this privilege, from which we may 

lo with modesty enough infer that they Were not very learned. 
I know they have usually been esteemed learned, but had 
they been really so they would have been received sooner 
into the privileges of that body, and when they are admit- 
ted it is with regard to the merits of their religion, and not 

15 one word said of their learning, which is so usual in diplo- 
matic forms, that it could not have been omitted had there 
been any ground for it. I never could meet wnth any 
great instances of their learning further than their breviary, 
for so much being clerks they certainly had, but that they 

20 usually advanced further, I should be glad to be informed. 

The religious of other orders have made a considerable 

figure in the affairs of the university, particularly the four 

orders of friars, the Dominicans, Franciscans, Austins and 

Carmelites, who had all their houses here at Cambridge ; 

25 the Gilbertines or White canons at St Edmund's chapel 
near Peterhouse are often mentioned, but the Austin 
canons are rarely to be met with beyond the precincts of 
their house : notwithstanding their unavoidable intercourse 
with other houses, by giving site to so many colleges and 

30 other religious foundations ; for the Austin friars, if not 
the Carmelites, were their tenants. 

All the other orders take degrees \ are in employments, 
stand in capite (for by our ancient constitution a religious 
doctor was to be one of the caput), have places assigned 

35 them by our ancient formulary or ceremonial', both at pro- 
cessions and other assemblies of the university; but the 
Austin canons give little or no trouble upon these occasions., 

^ Eegrum acad. 
' Cambridge orders inter MSS. Jo. Gosin. Epi. Dunelm. 

48 ST John's house or hospital. 

It is true, "by tliis letter of privilege they are dispensed with 
from attending at processions, and by a bull of Boniface 
the Ninth they are exempted from contributing to some 
ordinary charges of the university; but why they should 
not appear upon other occasions is very unaccountable, had 5 
they been men of learning. 

This mistake may have taken its rise from Hugh Bal- 
sham's scholars having been planted upon them, but their 
ill agreement with scholars is no good argument of their 
learning : had they continued together it might have given 10 
them that reputation. The soil was not yet ripe for such 
purposes till it was better maturated; it will then produce 
a larger crop. 

To come to the last period of the house under Henry 
the Seventh; some small immunities were granted by 15 
that prince, and some little accessions were made to it in 
the beginning of his reign. 

I have not named tl)e tenth part of the particulars as 
I have gone along, which being commonly very small 
things were too many to be enumerated, and would have 20 
made this account unreasonably tedious : but from what 
has been said, and much more from what might have been 
said, it is very plain the house was still growing from the 
first date of its foundation to the last period of its ruin, 
from Henry Frost to Henry the Seventh. And there- 25 
fore in its beginnings it must have been a very small 
thing, and could have had no such large original endow- 
ments as have been assigned it. 

One hundred and forty pounds per annum was a vast 
sum in those days when it is supposed to have been 30 
founded, and must have made it very considerable. There 
were two neighbouring houses of the same order, Barnwell 
and Anglesey; the former of these, by a middle computa- 
tion\ might be valued at £300 per annum at the dissolu- 
tion, and what that would amount to at the foundation 35 
might easily be computed ; the latter (Anglesey) at about 
£100 per annum. And yet Barnwell priory was some- 
time able to maintain thirty canons, whereas St John's 

^ Dugdal. Speed. 

ST John's house or hospital. 49 

never maintained above five or six ; and both of these pri- 
ories, Barnwell and Augiesey, were so considerable as to 
send. members to convocation^ whereas St John's as it 
never attained to, so I dare be confident it never dreamt of 
5 that honour, or if it did, it was very vain. 

The house thus far having been under a constant 
growth and improvement, its decay and fall must have been 
very sudden. I do not meet with any very irregular pro- 
ceedings till towards the middle of this reign, when Wil- 

lo liam Tomlyn was admitted master^, though there must 
have been some connivance under the former prior Robert 
Dunham in his declining years, which gave occasion to 
some new and strict injunctions from the bishop upon the 
admission of this master. 

^^ Amongst other things the bishop requires of him^ — 
quod caste, contmenter et honeste vivet ; quod nullas niu- 
lierculas suspectas in consortium suum admittet ; et quod 
non sit honorum dilapidator dicti Jiospitii — which with 
other injunctions William Tomlyn promises very religi- 

20 ously and under his hand to observe. But these promises 
were easily forgot, nor was he sooner entered upon his 
charge than he begun to dilapidate the goods of the house, 
and to be guilty of those excesses that usually occasion 
such dilapidations, which gives further ground to suspect 

25 that he had been guilty of the same looseness when he was 
a brother. 

I'he year after he was admitted, he with the brethren 
let a long lease* for ninety-nine years of an estate in 
Langley in Essex, and their estate at Bradley in Suftblk 

30 was mortgaged for a sum of moneys, which being at a 
distance would be less observed. The college accounts 
set forth that their lands had been sold; nothing of this 
kind could have been done without the consent of the 
bishop of Ely, who, whatever he was himself, can hardly 
35 be supposed to be consenting to such sacrilegious bargains: 
but long leases and mortgages might be looked upon as 

^ Eegr. Elien. passim. ^ Regrum Alcok ad an. 149S. 

2 Admissus magister Nov. 19 an. ^ Ex archivis coll. 

1498. RegT. Alcok. 

50 ST John's house ok hospital. 

The moveables of the house might be alienated with 
the consent of the brethren, who being then only three in 
number, Sir Christopher Wright, Sir John Kensham, and 
Sir William Chandler, and these probably little men (for 
these sirs were priests or brethren, either of no degrees, or 5 
such as had not yet commenced masters) these men of no 
degrees, and no deserts, would easily consent to mean 
designs, and so their plate and other moveables (amongst 
which I have found little mention made of books) were 
alienated or pawned for sums of money. 10 

As their excesses increased, so did their wants ; these 
put them upon engaging deeper, till their estate at last 
was so involved, that the master of the house was forced 
to hide his head and the brethren were dispersed; and so 
hospitality being neglected, divine offices intermitted, and 15 
the house in a manner abandoned, this gave a fair ground 
and pretence for a dissolution ; which as it was begun 
under this prince, so it was not finished till the following 
reign; the manner .whereof shall be the subject of another 
treatise. 20 

I shall only observe upon this occasion, that without 
this opportunity offered by dissolute men, and permitted 
by providence to be used, there could have been no such 
thing as a college here. For there were not wanting men 
of note of the other university, then in the foundress' 25 
court and of her family, persuading and inciting her to the 
same charitable offices at Oxford as she had shewn at 
Cambridge^ ; that having already founded a college here, 
there wanted only the like foundation to be placed at 
Oxford to immortalize her name in both universities, and 30 
pointed out to her St Frideswide's priory as an easy 
way and large field for such a foundation. This argument 
was not to be answered but by pointing out the like or 
equal advantages, which the bishop of Rochester, who was 
her deserved confessor and could influence her devotion 35 
more than any one, suggested to her, and inculcated so 
effectually as at last to determine her charity and devotion 
to this place. 

This, as it gave the finishing stroke to the ruin of the 

•■• Ex libro rub. 

ST John's house or hospital. 51 

house, so was the first step towards the foundation of the 
college, to the great honour and advantage of this uni- 
versity, and with no prejudice or injury to our neighbours. 
St Frideswide was reserved for the like or greater j)ur- 
5 poses, which soon after were undertaken by cardinal 
Wolsey upon the ruins of that priory ; and the foundress 
of St John's by her conduct or example may be said to 
have founded, at least to have occasioned the foundation 
of, both colleges. 



(quotquot mihi occubrunt) 

Frater Antonius erat magister sive custos regno 
Hen. 3*" exeunte aut ineunte regno Edvardi primi. 

Plures pariter occurrunt nudo nomine, loco patrio aut 
cognomine non designatis. [Willmus magister anno 27°. 
Edv. 1""'.] _ 5 

Galfridus de Altherheth custos tempore Hugonis Epi 
Elien. et Willmi Twylet fmidatoris cantarise in ecclesia 
sancti Sepulchri, ' uti patet ex charta originali sine dat. 
inter arcliiva. 

Robtus de Huntindone magister, ex cbarta sine dat. k 

Ricus Cheverel magister sive custos an. 1284, ex charta 
dat. 1284. _ 

An. 1321. Johes de Colonia clericus secularis occurrit 
magister, uti patet per chartam original. Johis Epi Eliens. 
inter munimenta veteris hospital. j 

Willmus de Gosfield custos ante annum 1332, quo 
anno resignat locum sive officium. Ex instrumento orig. 

Alexander de Ixnynge succedit custos 8 Cal. Mar. 
an. 1332 : obiit an. 1349. vid. instrumentum original, inter 
arcliiva. 2 

Robtus de Sprouston succedit custos Maii 3. 1349 

Gul. Burie magister an. 1352. Ex Historiola Coll C 

Willmus Beere occurrit magister an. 1362-3. et an. 2 
1369. vSuspicor non fuisse alteram a Gul. Burie. 

Henr. Brown occurrit magister Aug. 12. an. 1377 

Johes de Stanton custos ante annum 1400, quo anno 
resignat locum sive magistratum. 

ST John's house or hospital. 


Willmus Killum admissus custos Jan. 17 an. 1400. 
resignat locum an. 1403. 

Johes Burton succedit custos mense Mai. an. 1403. 

Johes Dunham * occurrit custos an. 1426 : adliuc ma- 
5 gister anno 1471, ut patet per chart. 

Bobtus Dunham^ OQCurrit magister an. 1474. Obiit 
an. 1498^ Regi\ Alcok. 

Willmus Thomljn, frater domus, admissus magister 
Nov. 19. an. 1498, quo anno erant prgeterea duo tantum 
lo fratres, sc. Christoph. Wright et Johannes Kensham. Eegr. 

Idem Thomlyn resignat, remittit, relaxat etc. Feb. 27. 
anno quinto Hen. 8", ut patet ex instrumento originali 
inter archiva collegii. 

^ Bini erant magistri eodem gau- 
dentes nomine, sc. Johannes Dun- 
ham uterque, uti patet ex forma 
prjesentationis Jo. Dunham juni- 
oris. EeV^". etc. Dno. Willmo. Elien. 
Epo. etc. Vacante clomo nostra seu 
hosp. per mortem naturalem Bo. Me. 
Dni. Johannis Dunham ultimi ma- 
gistri seu custodis — vestn humiles et 
devoti in Christo filii — Johes Sharp, 
Tho. Rawfote, Rohtus Dunham, et 
Johes Hohyngton — capilulariter con- 
gregati — dilectum nobis in Christo 
Dnum. Johannem Dunham preshy- 
terum confratrem nostrum — in ma- 
gistrum seu custodem pierpet. ejusdem 
domus — vestrce rev. p)nternitati — te- 
nore presentium — unanimiter nomi- 

namus et presentamus etc. dat. Fehr. 
17 an. D. 1457. 

Idem Johes Dunham admissus 
fuit magister etc. per Epum Elien. 
Feb. -22 an. Dni. 1457. — Ex Eegro 
Willmi Gray Epl. Ehen. 

^ Anno 1474 vacante eodem offi- 
cio per mortem naturalem Johis 
Dunham — confratres domus nomi- 
narunt et presentarunt Epo Elien. 
— Eobertum Dunham confratrem 
literarum scientia vita et moribus 
commendandum — in ordine sacerdo- 
tal! constitutum &c. Idemque Ro- 
bertus Dunham admissus est magis- 
ter per eundem Epum. Jan. 7 an. 
1474. Regr, Elien. 


Hie ilia est sita Margareta gnato 
Henrico inclyta Septimo, nejpote 

iComitissa Riclimondce ; 
Comes alta Richmondce ; 
Richmondiana rectrix ; 5 

Censum contulit annuuni duohus, 

Qui docti sopliiam sacram explicare^it, 
Ille Oxonibus, ille Cantahrigis : 
His collegia hina struxit, ambo 

Quce^ centum foveant decemque alumnos. i 

Doctwem instituit rudi popello 

Qui Christum sine fine buccinetur. 

Roynborfii cere suo novam tenellce 

Pubi grammatices scholam paravit. 

Demum Mc^ tres- monachos alit benigna. i, 

Jlis at talibus ilia viva factis 

Fortunam superavit eminentem. 

These verses, composed as I presume hj a monk of 
Westminster, having been thought worthy to he lodged in 
the foundress' chest, I have put them down as I there 2( 
found them. 

^ Sixty at Christ's college and fifty at St John's. 
^ At Westminster. 


Founded an. 1511, April 9th. 

The foundress of tlie college is so well known, that 
were it not in compliance with custom upon such occasions, 
I need say nothing of so great a name : she was daughter 
of John Beaufort duke of Somerset, grandson of John of 
5 Gaunt, and so descended from Edward the Third ; consort 
of Edmund Tudor earl of Richmond, son of Catharine of 
France, and so allied to the crown of France ; and mother 
of Henry the Seventh king of England, from whom all 
our kings of England, as from his elder daughter Margaret, 

lo who bore her name, all the kings of Scotland are ever 
since descended. And though she herself was never a 
queen, yet her son, if he had any lineal title to the crown, 
as he derived it from her, so at her death she had thirty^ 
kings and queens allied to her within the fourth degree 

15 either of blood or affinity, and since her death she has 
been allied in her posterity to thirty more. 

But titles, as they were things she did not value, so 
I shall make them no part of her character ; I shall confine 
myself to her private virtues and public charities, which 

20 were the only crowns she affected to wear. 

Her first design was of a perpetual public lecture in 
divinity ; this she instituted^ in the 18th year of her son's 
reign on the feast of the nativity of the Blessed Virgin, 
and by the original foundation appointed John Fisher 

^ Funeral sermon by bishop Fisher. 

^ Ex charta fundationis inter archiva collegii. 

56 ST John's college. 

S.T.P. her first reader, who was succeeded therein hy 
Dr Cosin master of Benet\ as he was by William 
Bm'goign afterwards master of Peterhouse, and he by 
Erasmus about the year 1512. She likewise gave rules 
and statutes for the choice of her reader and for the 5 
discharge and performance of the duties of his place, and 
endowed her lecture with twenty marks per annum 
payable by the abbot and convent of Westminster, which 
house she had endowed with revenues to the value of 
£87 per annum. 10 

The same day and year^ she instituted the like reader 
at Oxford with allowance of the same salary and almost 
under the same rules with that of Cambridge, and nomi- 
nated and appointed one John Roper S.T.P. to be her first 
reader there. 15 

In the 20th year of the same reign^ October 30th, she 
founded a perpetual public preacher at Cambridge, with 
stipend of £10 per annum payable by the abbot and 
convent of Westminster, whose duty was to preach at least 
six sermons every year at several churches (specified in the 20 
foundation) in the dioceses of London, Ely and Lincoln ; 
and one John Fawn S.T.B. is appointed her first preacher 
by the original foundation. 

This is that John Fawn, who has been styled presi- 
dent* of the university, a title that has been wondered at, 25 
but not explained. The meaning I suppose was this, 
John Fawn was vice-chancellor an. 1514® (for Fuller 
and the tables he follows are mistaken); the same year 
bishop Fisher resigned the chancellorship, and at the 
bishop's desire and with his advice Wolsey .bishop of 30 
Lincoln was chosen chancellor: during the vacancy and 
till Wolsey should accept, Fawn did rather preside, than 
properly could be styled vice-chancellor of the university, 
and therefore in their letters '^ to Wolsey, as a greater com- 
pliment to that great man. Fawn styles himself only presi- 35 
dent of the university, till tlie chancellor elect should give 

^ Eegrum acad. electione cancellarii, etc. de prtesi- 

2 Ex charta fundationis. dente veljacecanc. 

3 Ex charta fundat. ^ Regrum acad. an. 15 14. 
■ ■* V. Statuta Vetera acad. Tit. de ® Liber oratoris publici. 


lum leave to be liis deputy. But these compliments were 
lost, for Wolsey, notwitlistanding the great and almost 
mean application that was made to him, refused to accept, 
hj a letter, which under some show of humility sufficiently 
5 discovers a secret latent pride, though he had not yet 
arrived near the height of his greatness : and so the uni- 
versity the same year, with indignation as well as grati- 
tude, chose bishop Fisher^ their perpetual chancellor, or 
for term of his life, and Dr Fawn might resume his title of 
lo vice-chancellor, if he continued so long, for he did not 
continue out the whole year, having been in office some 
part of the last. 

This foundation of a public preacher was peculiar to 
Cambridge, for though Mr Wood^ seems to suspect she 
15 had done somewhat of the same kind at Oxford, yet there 
could be no ground for that suspicion : for neither in her 
will (where she enumerates all her charities) does she say 
anything of such a preacher, nor in the original founda- 
tions, which were all lodged by bishop Fisher amongst 
20 the archives of St John's college together with the king's 
several licences for the several foundations, is there any 
mention of a preacher at Oxford. 

It is probable she might have had such intentions, but 
was prevented by a greater design, undertaken about this 
25 time, in the foundation of Christ's college by the advice 
and persuasion of bishop Fisher, who after the foundress 
by her statutes was appointed visitor for his life. This 
foundation has been placed in the year 1505. The statutes 
were not given, nor the foundation perfected, till the year 
30 following. The original obligation^ of John Syclyng (last 
master of God's house and first master of Christ's college) 
is yet extant under his hand and seal, for the observing 
of the foundress' statutes, by not procuring or causing 
to be procured, or not using being procured, any dis- 
35 pensation from the apostolic see, or (as much as in him 
was) not suffering his fellows to make use of them, bear- 
ing date Septembr. 5 an. 22 Hen. 7™', from which 
day and year, I suppose, and not sooner, the government 

1 Liber oratoris publici. ^ Antiq. Oxon. Lib. it. p. 33. 

^ Inter archiva coll. Joh. 

58 ST John's college. 

and statutes of that college took place and begun to be 
in force. 

And because the bishops of Elj had yet kept up some 
claim or show of power, there was a grant ^ obtained from 
James bishop of Ely, whereby he gives leave to the 5 
master, fellows and scholars, to celebrate divine offices, etc. 
in their college chapel which had been already consecrated, 
and to change the parish feast from St Andrew's day to 
the day of the feast of the resurrection of our Lord : and 
by another grant of the same date^, at the instance of the lo 
foundress, he exempts the college from episcopal and ordi- 
nary visitation, for himself and successors for ever. 

The endowments of this _ college need not be related, 
being all specified in the foundress' will, and though it 
appears from thence that she herself was very liberal, 15 
having bestowed good lands and manors of her own, yet 
the abbey of Creyke which was given her by Henry the 
Seventh, and God's house which was the foundation of 
Henry the Sixth, did go a good way and pretty deep in 
this foundation : and therefore the master and three fellows 20 
of the old foundation (for there were no more) John Scot, 
Edward Fowke, and Thomas Nunne were continued mem- 
bers of the new college ; and Henry the Sixth is, I suppose, 
yet commemorated as a founder or benefactor in that 
society ; as William Bingham, first founder of God's house, 25 
near the place where King's college old buildings now 
stand, either is or ought to be. 

Having done thus much for the schools of learning, 
she had some reason to think she had done enough, and 
therefore her other charities were intended at the religious 30 
house at Westminster^ where her son had projected a 
sumptuous chapel for his own interment, and where she 
herself intended to lie. This according to the humour of 
the age was intended for the health and good of her soul 
by having masses and dirges said there for its rest and 35 
happiness. But having communicated her design to bishop 
Fisher the great director of her charity, he sugp-ested to 
her (what indeed had been suggested by him before the 

1 Dat. Decemb. 12 an. 1506^ 2 Regrum Stanley, an, 1506. 

^ Ex regro coll. Lib. rub. 


foundation of Christ's college) that the religious house at 
Westminster was already wealthy enough (as it was the 
richest in England) and did not want support or main- 
tenance ; that the schools of learning were meanly endow- 
5 ed, that the provisions for scholars were very few and 
small, and that colleges^ were yet wanting towards their 
maintenance ; that by such foundations she might have 
two ends and designs at once, that she might thereby 
double her charity and double her reward, by affording 

lo as well supports to learning as encouragements to virtue; 

The good lady, who had all reverence for her confessor 
and was all obedience to her guide, was easily prevailed 
with to alter her purpose, but being under some ties and 
engagements to her son in their common designs at West- 

15 minster, nothing could be done without his consent, which 
she was nice in asking. The same person that gave the 
advice, undertook this nice and invidious employment, and 
being armed with the princess' letters, he applied to the 
king with so much prudence and dexterity, that he ob- 

20 tained his consent for altering her design. 

The king's letter is yet extant to that purpose'"^, and it 
is a very tender and affectionate letter, dated Greenwich 
July 17th; the year is not mentioned, but it must have 
been towards the conclusion of his reign, for he was then 

25 declining and his sight so much appayrd, or he so unfit for 
such business, that he protests on his faith, he had been 
three clays, or he could make an end of Ms letter ; and yet 
it is not over long. This as it gave occasion to Christ's 
college, so it was the first step towards the foundation of 

30 St John's. 

I have already said, she had been solicited by some 
men of character of the other university to place her re- 
maining charities upon Oxford ; who these men were does 
not appear, further than they were of her family or in her 

35 service, and therefore, though they be not named, I will 
suppose Dr Wilford to have been one, who having been 
her last confessor, might be ambitious to do as much for 
his own body, as bishop Fisher had done at Cambridge. 

1 Liber rub. " Inter arcliiva. 

GO ST John's college. 

This is certain, they had gone so far with their constant 
importunity and unwearied persuasions that she had been 
determined to that place, had not the same good bishop 
who influenced her counsels most intervened, and by more 
powerful arguments, and particularly by pointing out the 5 
melancholy state of the old house, had turned her thoughts 
back upon Cambridge \ 

Surely the brethren of this house must have been under 
some fatal blindness or given up by providence to infatua- 
tion for their sins, otherwise they could not have rushed ^o 
thus blindly upon their own ruin. Could they have seen, 
they had the fate of a religious house brought home to 
their own doors in the nuns of St Eadegund, who for 
the like crimes that they were now guilty of were sup- 
pressed and dissolved, and a college erected upon their fall. i5 
This was yet of recent memory and an instance almost 
glaring before their eyes ; these loose votaries or their 
children might be yet living, and could have told them 
what had befallen that house for their dissolute living ; 
to be guilty of such loosneess after so late a caution was 20 
to provoke or defy their own ruin, and was certainly the 
utmost height of infatuation. 

And yet so it was ; great excesses were charged upon 
them, whereof they were too guilty, and though I cannot 
doubt but their guilt was aggravated, yet they were cer- 25 
tainly very dissolute in their lives and prodigal in their 
expenses, not in charity or hospitality which they were 
obliged to by their rule and order, but in excess and riot 
and in gratifying their own sinful lusts ^. When these 
expenses could not be maintained by their ordinary reve- 30 
nues and annual income, the moveables of their house were 
sold or pawned, nor were their sacred vessels spared, or 
indeed longer sacred, but were sold and prostituted with 
their other furniture : and when these would not satisfy 
(as nothing is enough for lust and riot), their lands and 35 
settled estates were at last alienated or engaged for large 
sums of money, as the college account^ says, for more 
than all their lands being sold were really worth, which 

1 Liber rub. _ ^ Charta fundat. Liber rub. 

^ Ex resfro coll. Lib. rub. 


for a good reason I cannot believe, because they had not 
then been worth their taking. 

So far they had gone and so deep they were involved, 
that they seem to have been at a stand and did not well 
5 know how to go further ; but their last stores and funds 
being exhausted and their credit sunk, the master and 
brethren were dispersed, hospitality and the service of God 
(the two great ends of their institution) were equally neg- 
lected, and in effect the house was abandoned. 

lo This being the condition of the old house, in a manner 
dissolved already by its own crimes, the best thing that 
could be done for it was to dissolve it by authority, and to 
engraft a college upon the old stock, that might bring 
forth better fruit. The first thing to be had towards this 

15 was the consent of the bishop of Ely, both as founder and 
diocesan; the present bishop was James Stanley, son of the 
late earl of Derby, who being son-in-law to the foundress, 
and probably promoted by her interest to that see (the 
worst thing she ever did), his consent was easily had. 

20 The next thing to be procured was the king's licence, 
and this from her own son was as easily obtained: but 
before these could be had in due and legal form, the 
king dies, and ere much more could be done to purpose, 
the foundi-ess (if she may be so styled before the founda- 

25 tion) likewise dies, and had she not lodged this trust in 
faithful hands, this great and good design must have died 
with her. 

She died, where she was bm'ied, at Westminster, on 
the 29th of June, as noted in the college register and in 

3° her epitaph composed by Erasmus, for the which he had 
a reward of twenty shillings, as it is entered in a computus 
or old book of accounts. Her funeral sermon was preached 
by bishop Fisher, containing a large character of that ex- 
cellent person with a full nan-ative of her charities and 

35 virtues : that sermon is printed, though it be as scarce as 
MSS.; if ever it should be printed again (as it well de- 
serves), there is a more perfect copy upon an old register 
amongst the archives of the college; for that which is 
lodged amongst our MSS. is more faulty than the printed 

40 copy, as it must needs be, being only a transcript from the 

G2 ST John's college. 

print. To that sermon I shall refer for her character and 
virtues ; or let her own works praise her in the gates. 

One instance of her piety has heen omitted hy that 
worthy prelate; she was admitted into the fraternity of 
five several religious houses (if not more), Westminster, 5 
Crowland\ Durham^, Winburn, and the Charter house at 
London; which in the strain of that age, as it entitled 
her to the prayers, so it gave her a share in the merits 
and good works of all these societies. And for her chastity, 
as it was unspotted in her marriage, so some years lo 
before her death she took upon her the vow of celibacy 
from bishop Fisher's hands, in a form yet extant upon our 
registers ; the reason, I suppose, that her portraiture is 
usually taken and depicted with a veil and in the habit 
of a nun. ij 

But she is gone, and we are now to turn our eyes and 
hopes upon her executors. She did indeed leave a will 
and lands in feoffment for the performance thereof ^ and 
these very sufficient, had they been sufficiently secured 
against the next heir-at-law, the king her grandson: and 20 
though her will (as far as appears) was undoubtedly good 
and duly attested, yet that part of it which concerned her 
foundation of a new college having been done by way of 
codicil, before that could be sealed, the good lady departed 
this life, and here was some ground for cavil. 25 

This might have been more easily borne with, had they 
been sure of the old house, but that (as I said) was yet 
standing undissolved ; so that all that had been done 
towards it was to begin anew with less power and under 
greater disadvantages. King Henry the Seventh was now 30 
wanting ; the king reigning, as he had not the same ties of 
duty and affection, so he was under no obligation to make 
good his father's promises; and having an eye upon the 
estate, he had no very strong inclination to favour a design 
that must swallow up a part of his inheritance. The 35 
bishop of Ely, who was easy and complying enough whilst 
the foundress was living, she being gone, begun to shew 

^ Hist, Croyland continnat. pag. sororitatis dat. an. 1502 in regro 
519, 540, &c. Dunelm. 

^ Extat litera fraternitatis slve ^ Liber ruh. 


Ills nature, and was full of difficulties and witliheld his 
consent for half a year, for reasons that are not to be 

The truth of it is, his first business ought to have been 

5 to have visited and reformed the house, and to have pre- 
vented those enormities that occasioned its dissolution ; 
not having done this, but having rather countenanced their 
looseness by his ill example, it is no wonder if he had 
some tenderness and feeling of the infirmities of his bre- 

lo thren, or were unwilling to consent to a thing that so 
plainly reproached him with his own great neglect or with 
his worse example. 

Great application was to be made both at court and at 
Ely, and (because the pope's bulls were thought necessary) 

15 at Eome likewise, where delays are usual, and where 
Julius the Second being then pope, nothing was to be 
done without address and management and without all 
the other requisites to expedite such an afiair. The ex- 
penses^ of the bulls are put down upon the executor's 

20 accounts (signed and allowed by Polydore Yergil), which 
are very high for a thing so much in course, and of no 
greater consequence than the dissolving of an old ruinous 
house, that might have been done without asking his leave, 
had it been thought expedient: and yet when the bull 

25 came, it was found defective and was to be renewed at a 
new expense and with no less trouble ; though this expense 
was not lost, for when the decretory bull was sent^, it was 
a very powerful one (for this pope was a son of thunder) ; 
it struck the old house at one blow, did both dissolve and 

30 build alone, without consent either of the king or of the 
bishop of Ely. 

For after he had set forth the desolation of the house 
in a manner more dismal and melancholy than it really 
was, he dissolves^ and extinguisheth the old house, and 

35 erects and institutes a new college ^ro magistro et quin- 
quaginta clericis, and annexes and unites to the college so 

1 Computus expeditionis bullae £13. 12s. Item pro duobus Brevi- 

pro erectione coll. S*^ Job. Cant. bus Apostol. etc. 
in toto £148. 12s. 4d. Item pro ^ Dat. 8°. Cal. Jul. an. 15 10. 

bulla rescnpta de novo bis emendata ^ Ex archivis. 

64 ST John's college. 

erected all the lands, etc. of the house, diocesani loci et 
cujusvis alterius Ucentia super hoc minime requisita; and 
he empowers the bishops of Lincoln and Norwich, or either 
of them, to execute his decree and to coerce with censures 
all such as should contradict it, invocato etiam, si opus 5 
fuerit, hracJdo seculari; and he grants his new college the 
same privileges with any other college, and reserves a con- 
venient pension to two brethren of the house ; for by his 
account there was no master, and only two brethren left. 

Whatever other faults this pope or his bull might be lo 
guilty of, it was certainly of great use to the affairs of the 
college ; for the king's licence having been granted before 
(though the pope takes no notice of it, nor thought it ne- 
cessary), the bishop of Ely, who as yet only had given his 
consent by halves, if he opposed or contradicted in any- ^5 
thing, was subjected to the censures of the bishops of 
Lincoln and Norwich by the pope's authority. 

The king's licence^ was granted Aug. 7 an. regn. 1"°. 
It likewise sets forth the desolate state and condition of 
the house, though not in so dismal a manner, — gives leave 20 
to the executors upon its suppression to convert it into a 
college unius magistri ac sociorum et scholarium ad nume- 
rum 50 vel circa, in scientiis liheralihus, jure civili et 
canonico et tlieologia studentium — to be called St John's 
college; to unite, incorporate and annex all the lands of 25 
the old house to the college so erected ; and further grants 
leave to the college, when erected, to hold £50 per annum 
over and above the lands of the house, the statute of mort- 
main notwithstanding. 

To do all right to the foundress, this licence was 30 
granted at her request (though now deceased) as well as 
of her executors, for there is^ an old draft or original of the 
king's licence signed Henry, but not sealed, whereto is 
prefixed the petition of his humble graunt dame, in a form 
there put down: so it seems her petition was either pre- 35 
ferred, or left to be preferred after her death ; and the 
king's licence under seal refers to her petition. 

The king's licence having passed, the bishop of Ely 
had some reason to be more complying : there are three 

1 Inter archiva collegii. ^ Inter archiva. 


grants of that bisliop at three ditFerent times, which, had 
he been well inclined to the design, might I suppose have 
been done in one. And therefore, what might have been 
done by him, I shall so far take leave to do for him as to 
5 lay two of them together. His first grant ^ is dated March 
7, 1509 (after the king's licence, and before the papal 
bull came), whereby he first makes conditions for himself 
and successors, by reserving to himself a power of naming 
three persons during his life, and to his successors a power 

lo of naming one, to be elected fellows of the college^, sihahiles 
et idonei sint, a clog that yet remains upon the society : and 
then gTants that the college when erected shall enjoy the 
jewels, goods, etc. belonging to the house, and obliges him- 
self that, the papal bull being first had, he would give leave 

15 and allow the house, etc. to be incorporated to the college. 
This was confirmed by the prior and convent March 12th. 
And he empowered Eichard Wiot S.T.P. master of Christ's 
college, John Fotehede B.D. and William Thornborough 
to take a full and perfect inventory of all the jewels, muni- 

20 ments and other moveables of the house, and to have them 
in safe custody, till the college should be erected. 

We see nothing could be done effectually without the 
pope's bulls ; when these came, the bishop of Ely passes 
another grant* dat. Decembr. ult. an. reg. H. 8"^'. 2*^°, (con- 

25 firmed by the prior and convent Jan. 5 an. 1510) whereby he 
conveys over to the executors all the site and mansion, and 
all the houses, churches, chapels and edifices belonging to 
the house, together with all manors, lands, rents, tenements 
and other possessions appertaining thereunto, and all his 

30 right as founder in the same : which house, being suppres- 
sed, dissolved and extinguished by apostolical authority, 
by the king's licence and by his consent, devolving to him 
as founder, being of the foundation of him and his prede- 
cessors, he grants to them to the end and intention that 

35 they might change, found, create and erect it into a college 
of secular students, to endure for ever : ordinary jurisdiction 
always reserved to him and his successors. And he ap- 
points and constitutes Eichard Henrison, clerk, and others 

^ Inter archiva. ^ Instrum. original. 

^ Ex instrumento originali. 

66 ST John's college. 

Lis proctors or attorneys, to enter and take seisin and 
possession of the house, and being seized, to deliver full, 
plenary and peaceable possession thereof to the foundress' 

By virtue of this grant on the 20th day of January the 5 
same year (as it is entered in the college register^) full and 
peaceable possession of the house, etc. was delivered by 
Richard Henrison, the bishop's commissary, no man contra- 
dicting, to Henry Hornby S.T.P. one of the executors, in 
the name and stead of the rest, in the presence of William lo 
Woderove S.T.P. master of Clare hall and deputy vice- 
chancellor, William Burgoign S.T.P., JohnFotehede S.T.B. 
master of Michaelhouse, Oliver Scalis public notary, and 
many other students of the university and burgesses of the 
town. 15 

And so the old house, after much solicitation and much 
delay, after a long and tedious process at Bome, at court 
and at Ely, under an imperious pope, a forbidding prince, 
and a mercenary prelate, with great application, industry 
and pains, and with equal expense, was at last dissolved 20 
and utterly extinguished on the 20th day of January an. 
1510, and falls a lasting monument to all future ages and 
to all charitable and religious foundations, not to neglect 
the rules or abuse the institutions of their founders, lest 
they fall under the same fate. 2 ^ 

Though all this was transacted and carried on in the 
name of the executors, yet it ought never to be forgot that 
the bishop of Rochester, bishop Fisher, was the sole or 
principal agent. The men of quality amongst the executors, 
as they had little concern for foundations of learning, so I 
scarce meet with any footsteps of their agency herein. 
Bishop Fox, who had a great interest in the last reign, be- 
gun to decline in this, and besides he begun now to have de- 
signs of his own, and to turn his thoughts towards Oxford and 
his foundation there. The two other executors of the clergy 
Dr Hornby and Mr Hugh Ashton, as they had a true zeal 
for the design, so they wanted power, and though they were 
very useful instruments, yet what they did was chiefly in 
subordination to bishop Fisher. Almost the whole weight 

^ Inter archiva. 



of this affair leaned upon tliis good bishop, whose interest 
was yet good, deservedly esteemed at Eome, valued by the 
king and reverenced by all good men. 

He was never guilty of assuming more to himself than 
5 was justly his due, and yet he has left such an account^ 
of his agency herein upon the college registers, as who- 
ever reads must needs be convinced that as this design was 
first projected and undertaken by his advice, so the execu- 
tion of it was wholly owing to his activity and endeavours ; 

10 and therefore, though I have not always named him, yet in 
whatever I have said or shall say hereafter I desire he may 
be always understood. 

The house- being thus dissolved, the next thing the 
executors were to think of was to set about their new 

15 foundation, which having the king's licence, the pope's 
bulls and the consent of the bishop of Ely, they were em- 
powered to do by a full authority. Somewhat they were 
now sure of, and we have a college now in view, but as yet 
a very poor one ; for the revenues of the old house were 

2o small, according to an authentic account amounting only to 
£80. Is. lOd. per annum, or according to another more 
accurate account to £80. Is. lOd. oh. And it is pretty 
plain from the king's licence of mortmain, he did not. in- 
tend the foundation should be over large, it being there- 

25 by limited to £50 per annum, besides the revenues of the 
old house. 

It is true the foundress had done her part, having left 
the issues^, profits and revenues of her estate and lands, to 
the value of £400 per annum and upward, to that purpose 

30 and for the uses of her will ; but sure the king, when he 
granted such a mortmain, did not intend the executors 
should enjoy them long. However, being unwilling to 
understand his meaning, or being willing to push tilings 
as far as they would go, or presaging already the future 

35 growth of the college, though from unhopeful beginnings, 
they went on with good assurance, and having cleared the 
debts of the old house according to the direction of the 
foundress in her will, as well as the rubbish of the old 
buildings, which in great part were very ruinous, they pro- 

1 R^r. coU. Liber rub. ^ Codicil to her will. 


68 ST John's college. 

ceeded to the foundation both of the fabric and body politic 
of the college. 

The charter^ o£ the foundation was given April the 9th 
an. 1511, in the name and by the authority of all the 
executors, viz. Eichard bishop of Winchester, John bishop 5 
of Rochester, Charles Somerset lord Herbert, Thomas 
Lovell, Henry Marney and John St John knights, and 
Henry Hornby and Hugh Ashton clerks; whereby (the 
desolate state of the old house first premised) is set forth 
the grant or consent of the king, the pope and the bishop lo 
and convent of Ely, together with the intention of the 
foundress for dissolving the house ^nd annexing it to the 
college to be erected. By virtue of which grants they being 
lawfully seized and possessed of the lands etc. of the house, 
did convert the said house with the possessions thereof into 15 
a college, and did thereby erect, ordain and establish a 
perpetual college unius magistri, sociorum et scholarmm 
ad numerum, quinquaginta secularium personarum vel circa, 
in scientiis liheralibus et sacra theologia studentium et 
oraturorum : and ordain that the college so erected should 20 
be styled and called St John's college for ever, should be a 
body corporate, should have a common seal, might plead 
and be impleaded, and purchase or receive lands etc. by 
the same name. And they appoint and constitute Robert 
Shorten first master, and James Spooner, John West and 25 
Thomas Barker, nominated by the bishop of Ely and taken 
and elected by them, to be fellows and scholars of the said 
college: and that they [the executors] or the surviver of 
them might ordain and constitute other scholars to the 
number abovesaid, or if that number were not completed ,q 
during their lives, the master and fellows or major part of 
them might fill up that number ; and they give and ordain 
statutes for the government of the college, some part where- 
of is there recited. The charter is dated April the 9th 
1511, and the seals of all the executors are affixed to the 35 
charter on pendent labels. 

In all this charter, and it is a very long one, there is no 
mention made of the large revenues left by the foundress 
for the uses of her will ; but the king's licence of mortmain 

^ Inter archiva colkgii. 


Is there recited, whereby the college is limited to £50 per 
annum, besides the lands and revenues of the house. The 
executors might be censured for having settled a foundation 
of fifty fellows and scholars without any sure prospect of 
5 maintenance for half that number : but they were certainly 
wise, as well as true to the trust and confidence that was 
reposed in them, in doing their part by pursuing the 
foundress' intention, the rest was to be left to providence 
and the bounty of the king. Had they gone lower, they 

lo might have pleased the king better, but he never would 
have been prevailed with to have advanced the number by 
augmenting the foundation : but having placed it upon its 
true bottom and at its just height, he was bound in honour 
to make good his grandmother's foundation, either out of 

15 her revenues which he begun to look upon as his own, or 
by compensating that loss or failure some other way. 

The fabric of the college was undertaken about the same 
time, which was made equal to the design and capacious 
enough to receive the number intended, and was another 

20 trial upon the king or invitation to him to make it good. 
The first payment towards it was made at Christmas in the 
second year of* Henry the Eighth, (though it could not 
well be begun till the spring following, which falls in 
with the date of the foundation), and the last payment 

25 towards it was made in the seventh year of the same 

The chapel I suppose was first undertaken, both with 
regard to the sacred use and religion of the thing, and be- 
cause the rest of the building was to adjoin upon it. That 

30 was leaded, the stalls finished and the vestry built in the 
fifth year of that reign. For that it was the old chapel is 
surely a great mistake^, nor can there be any reason for it 
that I know of, unless some old marbles and brazen monu- 
ments which seem to be older than the present chapel. 

35 But wherever the old chapel was situated, these- stones 

^ Upon further enquiry, only the into chambers, at the north-east 

antechapel with the chambers above corner of the present chapel, was St 

it seem to have been new built ; the John Baptist's, whereof mention is 

rest oM ; and yet the lead, stalls, made both in Bishop Alcock's regis- 

glass, vestiy, etc. were all certainly ter and Caius. I have not room to 

new. That old chapel Dow^ converted shew my reasons. 

70 ST John's college, 

would be removed upon the building of the new one. And 
whoever considers the state of the old house will hardly 
imagine that such a chapel was intended for a master and 
four or five brethren, for they were usually no more. The 
expense and charge of the whole building shews that the 5 
chapel is to be taken into account, for it amounted in all 
(some deductions made for other uses) to betwixt four and 
five thousand pounds (a round sum in that age). For so 
much was paid by the executors towards the building to 
Robert Shorton^ master of the college, and so much was lo 
paid by him to Oliver Scalis^ clerk of the works at sevetal 
payments, as appears by their several accounts. 

This Robert Shorton was a man of business as well as 
learning, and indeed a very extraordinary person and after- 
wards deservedly advanced to wealthy preferments. For 15 
his mastership here was not considerable, only £20 per 
annum ^, which he earned very dearly. It was under his 
care and conduct that the building rose and the college 
revenues were advanced and improved, and it is very 
strange that a man who built the college should be so 20 
much forgot, or placed after another master who was no 
way concerned in its afiairs till the ISuildings were 

Indeed the structure of the house and management of 
its revenues was his only province; and we are not to 25 
imagine, as some have dreamt, that there was any settled 
society or school of learning under this period, whilst the 
building was going up and whilst the noise of axes and 
hammers banished more peaceable studies. During this 
period* there were only four or five fellows maintained by 30 
the college (and no scholars) Spooner, Edmund, West and 
Greynwode, for Barker® went ofi" the second year ; and these 
as they were lodged abroad and had pensions allowed them 
for their chambers, so they kept up no exercise or disci- 
pline in the college, nor were further obliged than to attend 35 

1 Computus Eoberti Shorton, 5 Barker had the chantry at St 

2 Computus Ohveri Scalis. Sepulchre's church, and West said 

3 Comput. coll. mass in the old chapel for some 
^ Computus Eob, Shorton m'^. months, whilst it stood, an. 2*", 

coll. H. 8", 


the public exercise of the universitj. Part of the two 
latter years of this master another fellow, one Kyffin, was 
added to the number, and the master having occasion to be 
absent, one Kichard Sharpe chaplain to the bishop of 
5 Rochester was appointed president, and received salary £5 
per annum. In the latter year one Mr Smith received 
stipend as fellow instead of Kyffin. 

The old brethren were likewise maintained and had 
their pensions duly paid them ; but two of them either did 
lo not live long, or were otherwise provided for. (In a letter ■ 
to the bishop of Rochester they are said to be removed to 
Ely, probably to their old friends at St John's hospital 
there). Sir Christopher Wright survived the other two, 
and had not only his pension, but likewise the curacy of 
15 Horningsey, which he enjoyed several years and main- 
tained a good port upon his curacy. 

William Toralyn the old master seems to have been an 
obstinate man, and did not quit his claim till February 27'^ 
in the fifth year of Henry the Eighth ; when being pinch- 
20 ed, or seeing the thing would be done without him, he 
was prevailed with to resign, and received ten marks from 
Robert Shorton master of the college, in regardo restgna- 
tionis o^fficn sui, as it is entered in the computus. This 
was a poor reward, and yet it does not appear he ever 
25 received more, whether his heart were broken and he 
might not live much longer, or whether his former obsti- 
nacy had not deserved a more ample reward, or whether 
he might be thought to have sufficiently rewarded him- 
self already by pawning and devouring the revenues of his 
30 convent, I will not say. 

There seems to have been a good understanding be- 
twixt this last master and the bishop of Ely; for William 
Tomlyn's resignation and the bishop's last grant or con- 
firmation are dated the same month and year. The bishop 
35 had expressed a tenderness for the master and the house 
by not reflecting upon their dissolute lives, as the pope, the 
king and the executors had all done pretty freely: and 
when it was to be dissolved, though he had the fullest 
right both as founder and diocesan, and ought to have had 
40 the greatest interest in that affair, yet he rather consents 

72 ST John's college. 

to the thing as done already, than dissolves it by his own 
authority. When his last grant was made (which was 
now done), though it he a very large one^ containing three 
large sheets of parchment, yet he does little more than 
recite his two former grants together with the charter of 5 
the foundation, which he there confirms, and in conclusion 
reserves to himself and successors ordinary jurisdiction, 
and 20^. for every visitation, tam pro procuratione quam 
jpro esculentis et poculentis quihuscunque. This was dated 
Febr. 1. an. 5'". Hen. 8"^, and was confirmed by the prior lo 
and convent of Ely Febr. the 20th, and by William 
Tomlyn's resignation Febr. 27th the same year^: and so 
we have done with this bishop of Ely. 

All this while the executors had to do with a greater 
man, the king, as heir at law to the foundress' estate: 15 
all due care had been taken to secure their interest therein, 
by proving her will both in the prerogative and in the 
court of chancery, by advice of the judges, wherein arch- 
bishop Warham was very useful and favourable, both as 
archbishop and as chancellor of England, who after a long, 20 
tedious and expensive hearing, witnesses examined, the 
king's counsel heard, judges consulted, (all which was 
necessary to guard him against the king) at last approved 
and allowed the will as good. 

Upon this ground the profits of her lands were re- 25 
ceived for some years, first by bishop Fisher, and after- 
wards by Dr Hornby^; but this was not to continue long, 
for what by the clamours of my lady's officers and servants, 
who because they could not have all themselves, were 
willing to give all to the king, what by the advice of 30 
some potent courtiers*, of which number Wolsey is said 
to be one, and what by the fresh suit of the king's au- 
ditors and counsel, who are usually ready to second the 
courtiers in such designs, the executors were so hard 
pressed and so straitly handled that they were forced to 35 

^ Inter archiva collegii, resignation not being in form it 

2 -\ffTa. Tomlyn did indeed resign seems he retracted his consent. V, 

an. 1505, and so early the brethren Coinput. vetoris domus, 1505. 

were treating with my lady's grace, 3 Computus D. Hornby. 

the bishops of Cant, and Ely, but th® * Liber rUb. 



let go the lands, notwithstanding all the claim they had to 

The lands being gone, they were to look out and sue 
for a compensation, otherwise all was at a stand : some- 

5 what of that kind was easily obtained, but that at first 
granted, as it was small in itself, so it was soon defeated 
by unexpected accidents and by an untimely death. Some- 
what more durable was to be had, and tliere being an old 
decayed Maison Dieu or hospital at Ospring in Kent, 

lo worth having, this, falling under the bishop of Eochester's 
view, was quickly thought of, and being by devolution 
in the king, by the bishop's application at court, with the 
mediation of the queen, Wolsey and other courtiers, it was 
at last obtained. 

15 Since this house fell before the general dissolution and 
is not much known, it will not be improper to give some 
short account of it\ It was founded by king Henry the 
Third, and consisted of a master and three regular brethren 
professed according to the order of the holy cross, and of 

20 two secular clerks, to celebrate for the good estate of "the 
king their founder. Upon the death of a master the 
brethren were to choose one of their own body, who was 
to be presented to the king for his consent, and afterwards 
to be instituted by the archbishop. In process of time one 

,25 Robert Darrell was chose master, two of the brethren die, 
afterwards Robert Darrell the master dies on the 20th of 
May in the 20th year of Edward the Fourth, and the 
third brother likewise dying soon after and the two seculars 
departing from the house, it became desolate and dissolved 

30 on the 6th of June in the twenty-second of that king (and 
so continued to the seventh of Henry the Eighth) and the 
several kings in succession by their letters patent com- 
mitted the custody of it to secular persons. 

King Henry the Eighth in the sixth year of his reign, 

35 Febr. 16th, committed the custody of it to John Underbill 
clerk for term of his life : but in the seventh year of his 
reign. Mar. 10th, that king having been prevailed with 
to make a grant of it to St John's college for ever, the 
same day and year John Underbill resigns all his claim to 
1 Ex archivis collegii. 

74 ST John's college. 

the master, fellows and scholars of that college, receiving 
in hand £40 and a jearlj pension of £30 for his life. 
This grant was afterwards renewed by the king in the 
eleventh year of his reign, and confirmed by the arch- 
bishop, the prior and convent and archdeacon of Canter- 5 
bury, for their several parts and interests; and having 
brought with it several good estates in Kent to the value 
of £70 per an., was a good addition to the college, without 
which it could not have subsisted according to the found- 
ation, as was deposed upon oath^ before the archbishop by lo 
Nicholas Metcalfe D.D. and Eichard Sharpe B.D., and 
their allegation allowed; and upon this the college mort- 
main was enlarged. 

This with the lands of the old house, together with 
the foundress' estate at Fordham which was charged 15 
with debts by her will and came so charged to the 
college, with some other little things purchased with her 
moneys at Steukley, Bradley, Isleham and Foxton (the 
two last alienated or lost) was the original foundation upon 
which the college was first opened ; and whoever dreams 20 
of vast revenues or larger endowments, will be mightily 
mistaken. Her lands put in feoffment for the performance 
of her wilP lay in the counties of Devon, Somerset and 
Northampton, and though I should be very glad to meet 
with lands of the foundation in any of these three counties, 25 
yet I despair much of such a discovery. But whoever 
now enjoys the manors of Maxey and Torpell in the 
county of Northampton, or the manors of Martock, Currey 
Keyvell, Kynsbury and Queen Camell, with the hundreds 
of Bulston, Abdike and Horethorn in the county of 30 
Somerset, or the manor of Sandford Peverell with the 
hundred of Allerton in the county of Devon, though they 
may have a very good title to them, which I will not 
question, yet whenever they shall be piously and charitably 
disposed, they cannot bestow them more equitably than by 31; 
leaving them to St John's. 

1 Ex archivis. « Inter archiva. 


Jul. 29 Anno 1516. 

The college thus built and thus endowed, the executors' 
next care was to give rules and statutes to their new 
foundation, to stock it with fellows and scholars as far as 
the endowments would reach, and to make it as intended a 
5 seat of learning. This requiring attendance and more skill 
than most of them were masters of, they delegate their 
authority to the bishop of Rochester by a commission^ 
dated March 20th an. 1515; only if any of their number 
happened to be present with him, they were to have equal 

lo power. 

It was happy for the college that bishop Fisher was 
then in England, for he had been ordered by the king 
to repair to the general council at Rome (for so it is styled, 
though it had nothing general but the name). But though 

15 bishop Burnet^ and Mr Wharton'', who differ in other things, 
have agreed to send him thither, and the university had 
recommended their affairs to him as ready to go by a 
letter* dated February 1514, and though he had drawn up 
and sealed procuratorial powers to William Fresel prior of 

20 Rochester and Richard Chetthm prior of Leeds during his 
absence dated March 10th the same year, yet he never 
went ; he says himself his journey was stopped, and these 

I procuratorial powers, together with other letters recom- 
mending him to some men of note at Rome, are yet lodged 

25 amongst the archives^, and shew they were never delivered. 
Had he gone, as our hopes of Ospring must needs have 
miscarried, which was procured wholly by his interest and 

1 Inter archiva apud statuta vet. EoflFens. 

2 Histor. Reform, [i.] p. 19. _ * Liber oratoris. 

3 Angl. Sacr. [i. 382] inter Epos ^ Regr. colleg. Liber rub. 

76 ST John's college. 

endeavours, so the affairs of the college might have been 
at a stand till his return, for without him nothing was 

In the year 1516 he came to Cambridge to the opening 
of the college, which was performed with all due solemnity 5 
and suitably to so great an occasion. I cannot fix the day 
when the chapel was consecrated, but the bishop of Ely's ^ 
licence to that purpose to the bishop of Rochester is dated 
July 26, 1516, empowering him to perform that sacred 
office and everything thereunto necessary in St John's lo 
chapel, as if he himself were there present, which proba- 
bly was done a day or two after the date ; for I will not 
suppose the college to be opened till that sacred office was 
first performed. 

This done, the bishop of Rochester (then chancellor of 15 
the university) made his solemn entrance, accompanied by 
Dr Hornby, who being master of Peterhouse, was present 
at Cambridge. After the usual ceremonies^ a public notary 
and other witnesses being called in, first the king's licence 
was produced in the presence of them all, sealed with green ^° 
wax, then the charter of the foundation was laid open and 
read in part, together with the bull of Julius the Second 
sealed after the manner of the court of Rome, and lastly 
the bishop of Rochester's procuratorial powers or letters from 
the rest of the executors, empowering him, or such other 25 
of them as should be present, to act in the name of the 

By virtue of these powers the bishop and Dr Hornby 
named, elected, ordained and constituted the venerable 
person Mr Alan Percy master or governor of the college 30 
(Robert Shorton having before receded) and thirty-one 
other persons fellows of the same college, whose names 
are there rehearsed, and because they are the first, I shall 
put them down, viz. 

John Edmunds, James Spooner, John West, William 35 
Paye, Thomas Grenewode, Clement Eryngton, Richard 
Packer, Roger Ashe, Nicholas Daryngton, John Smith 

1 Regrum Elien. an. 1516. And yet only tlie antechapel, which was 
undoubtedly new, wanted * consecration. 

2 Ex archivis. 

* Wanted] only vanted MS. 


and Thomas Werisdale, masters of arts; and Eoger 
Herman, Kichard Leigh, William Collier, Eobert Shaw, 
John Shaw, John Eamsey, Henry Gold, Eichard Smith, 
William Longforth, Ninian Shafto, John Benet, John 
5 Stringer, Thomas Grove, William Whittinge, John Bri- 
ganden, Simon Gjggis, Nicholas Glynton, John Bradbery, 
Henry Ogill and Eobert Dent, bachelors of arts. 

Then the master took an oath for the observation of 
the statutes, and twenty-four of the fellows took an oath 

lo of obedience to the master and for the observing of the 
statutes, and the other seven absent fellows were required 
to do the like before the master, whenever they should 
enter upon their fellowships. And three of these fellows, 
viz. William Paye, Clement Eryngton and Nicholas 

15 Daryngton, being principals of hostels in the, university, 
seniority was-reserved to them, notwithstanding the former 
oaths. Of all this an act^ was made attested by a public 
notary, and being engrossed on parchment is yet preserved 
(though somewhat torn) amongst the archives. 

20 This was the last service done the college by Dr 
Hornby, who died the year after, succeeded in his pre- 
ferment by William Burgoign S.T.P., who was invested 
in that mastership by the bishop of Ely^ Febr. 19, 1517, 
being then void by the death of Henry Hornby. Dr 

25 Burgoign dying an. 1522, was succeeded therein by John 
Edmunds, probably the same that stands first in the cata- 
logue of our fellows, though he must have been removed 
from hence to Jesus, which might easily happen, whilst 
the fellowships here were so small and so uncertain. This 

30 is that Dr Edmunds whom bishop Burnet^ mistakes for 
Edmund Bonner. 

Dr Hornby was likewise rector of Over and Orwell in 
the diocese of Ely, which became void the same year by 
his death*, and the latter of these having been in the gift 

35 and patronage of Michaelhouse, we may probably supr 
pose him to have been a member of that house. He was 
chancellor in the foundress' court or family, and seems 

1 Dat^ Jul. 29 an. 1516. ^ Hist Ref. [i.] p. 86. 

2 Regr- Elien. an. 151 7. * Eegr. Elien. 

78 ST John's college. 

to have been mucli in her confidence, for the fourth day 
before her decease she appointed bishop Fox and him 
supervisors of her will, to alter, add and diminish such 
articles, as in their sadness and good discretions they 
thought most convenient and according to her will. 5 

When the bishop of Rochester was to have gone to 
Rome, the main business of the college was to have de- 
volved upon Dr Hornby, who was very equal to the 
business, had his power and interest been equal to his 
conduct. The trust of executor he discharged very faith- lo 
fully, and both by his accounts exactly stated as well as 
by several letters^ of his it appears that he was very useful 
and serviceable to the college ; to the which he was a be- 
nefactor by giving £10 towards the glazing of the chapel 
windows and some copes or vestments to the chapel; ^5 
though having been master of another house, it was to be 
expected that the course of his charity should run most 
another way^. 

Nor can Robert Shorten be pardonably omitted, having 
been the first master, to whom so much is owing for the 20 
structure of the house, which was so much his employ- 
ment that the year after he was master, an. 1512, com- 
mencing D.D., he was dispensed with by grace ^ from 
certain duties incident to his degree for the great and 
various trouble he had in the business of his college. And 25 
the year after, 1513*, he is dispensed with from his attend- 
ance at masses, exequies and congregations, till he 
should have executed the foundress' will in perfecting 
her foundation: which being finished in 1515, he has an- 
other dispensation^ granted him, having occasion to be 30 
absent. The same year his accounts were -finished, which 
alone shew the trouble he had and how much is owing to 
his care. 

The precise time of his resignation I cannot fix, but 
most of this year and part of the next the college was 35 
under the inspection of a president (as I have said before) 

1 Inter archiva. negotla, quae habet circa coll. S'^ 

2 Ex archivis. Jo. Evang. 

^ Eegr. acad. an. ii,ii. Propter * Regrum ib. an. 1513. 

ejus labores multiplices et diversa ^ lb. an. 1515. 


and Alan Percy is named as master, some sliort time before 
lie was solemnly invested. 

He was found so well qualified for such business, that 
upon quitting his interest here he was (upon bishop Fox's 
5 resignation of his charge at Pembroke) preferred to be 
master of that house, where how well he acquitted himself, 
may be seen at large in bishop Wrenn's account ^ of those 
masters. Whilst he was master here, he held his fellow- 
ship at Pembroke hall (at least some part of the time), 

lo which was no new thing; for John Sickling, last master 
of God's house and first of Christ's college^, held that 
preferment with a fellowship of Benet. When cardinal 
Wolsey was projecting his great design at Oxford, he was 
employed by that great man in cultivating and stocking 

15 his new foundation, and was so much valued by that car- 
dinal as to be appointed dean of his chapel ^ 

He was archdeacon of Bath* and master of the hospital 
at Newport ; and held besides the rectory''' of Sedgfield in 
the county of Durham, a prebend of Windsor and the 

20 deanery of Stoke near Clare in Suffolk, which three pre- 
ferments upon his death became void the same year. He 
died^ October 17 an. 1535, and was buried at Stoke, to 
which church he had been a considerable benefactor, was 
promoted thereunto by queen Katharine whose almoner he 

25 was, and to whose interest he adhered, having been one 

of those few in convocation that opposed her divorce, with 

Nich. Metcalfe and Nich. Wilson two other dependants of 

bishop Fisher, names well known in St John's college. 

To Pembroke hall he Avas a considerable benefactor, 

30 the particidars may be seen in bishop Wren^ Somewhat 
he did for Peterhouse and Catharine hall for dirges to be 
observed in these houses. The same year' and month he 
died, foreseeing his dissolution, he left 100 marks to St 

1 De custodibus Pembroch, Hen. 8, proved Nov. 8, 1535. He 

2 Historiola col.. Corp. Chr. leaves to his poor parishioners of 

3 De custodibus Pembr. Segefeld £4, to the poor at Newport 
* MS. col. Corp. Chr. £3, to his poor tenants at Wells 40s. 
^ Eegr. Dunelm. Preb. of Lowth, etc. Vid. test, in curia preerog. 

in the church of Lincoln. ^ De custod. Pemb. 

6 MS. col. Corp. Chr. miscellan. « Octob, i an. 1535. Lib. rub. 

O, His will is dated Oct. 8 an. 27 


John's college for an obit to be observed on such a day as 
it should fortune the said Eobert Shorton to depart out of 
this transitory world, or within two days before or after : 
that dirge is yet observed, but the day^ of his death hav- 
ing been forgot, I have put it down, that if it be afterwards 5 
neglected, this may not happen for want of knowing the 
day. Whilst he was yet master and the house in building, 
he gave £10 towards paving the halP. .» 

The laws of every society are so essential a part of the 
body that they cannot be passed over, and at this time^ lo 
statutes having been given to this society, this will be a 
proper place to take notice of them. In the procuratorial 
letters of the other executors to the bishop of Rochester 
they set forth that they had caused a college to be erected 
and endowed, but since it were better that colleges should ^5 
never be erected, than not justly and wisely governed, 
therefore they empower him to give statutes for the go- 
vernment thereof: which surely implies that statutes were 
yet wanting. 

I know there is reference made to statutes in the 20 
charter of the foundation, from whence an argument has 
been drawn for a body of statutes more ancient ; but this 
was only for form, for either there were then no statutes, 
or if there were any, they must have been given to the 
walls, or to Oliver Scabs and the governors of the works. 25 
For to what purpose statutes? whilst there was yet no 
college, no scholars to be governed by them, and only four 
or five fellows, who lodging abroad, could not fall under 
any regular discipline. Whenever statutes are given (as 
they were given here pretty often) you may trace them by 30 
the books. I find no mention there of any till about the 
seventh* of Henry the Eighth, when 13s. 4d is paid to a 
scrivener at London for writing the statutes in vellum ; a 
fair copy whereof, almost as ancient as the original, after 
various turns and many different owners is now in my 35 
custody and shall after me return to the college. 

These were the statutes that were now given, which 
the master and fellows were sworn to observe, wherein 

1 Octob. 17, 1535. 3 An. 1516. 

^ Ex archivis. * Comput. vet. an. 7 Hen, 8. 


Alan Percy is named as master (the occasion perhaps that 
he has been thought the first), Nicholas West is named as 
bishop of EI7, which he was not till Oct. 7 an. 1515, and 
Wolsej is named as cardinal and chancellor of England, 
5 which latter dignity he did not attain to till towards the 
beginning of the year 1516^ So that though the date be 
lost, yet it may be fixed pretty near from the body of the 
statutes, and probably was the same with the opening of 
the college, for they could be of no use sooner : the private 

lo foundations might be added afterwards, both in the body 
and at the end of the statutes. 

These statutes having been vacated by bishop Fisher;, 
I shall say the less of them, and I need say the less, 
because they are in substance the same with those at 

15 Christ's and have been taken from thence, as will appear 
to any one that shall compare them. These two colleges 
having had the same common foundress and common law- 
giver (bishop Fisher) were likewise to agree in their rules 
of government, as far as their constitution was the same. 

20 By these statutes there were to be twenty-eight fellows of 
the foundation (whereof seven seniors), and at least one' 
moiety of that number were always to be of the nine 
northern counties, according to the intention and direction 
of the foundress. The like rule was to be observed, as to 

25 the distribution of counties, in the choice of scholars, but 
the number of those is not determined, which was to be 
enlarged or limited according as the revenues and endow-^ 
ments would bear. And as none were named at the great 
call or election of fellows, so the first two years very few 

30 appear to have been maintained. 

It will, no doubt, be thought strange, how so great a 
number of fellows and scholars could be maintained out of 
so small a revenue ; but the maintenance, we may imagine, 
was suited to the revenue, only \2d. per week was allowed 

35 in commons to a fellow, and only Id. to a scholar. These 
were times when £120 was sufficient to found a fellowship 
(for the private foundations^ usually run thereabouts), and 
when £6 per an. was enough to maintain a fellow, for who- 

1 See Selden and Spelman's Cata- ^ Tit. de socior. qualitate, , : 

logue of Chancellors. ^ Inter arcLiva. . - 

82 ST John's college. 

ever offered so much in lands towards a fellowsliip, (by 
bishop Fisher's second statutes) such a benefactor could 
not be refused. 

The customs, institutions and duties of the old house 
were to be kept up by tliese statutes, as far as they were 5 
consistent with the present settlement : the two chantries 
at the Round church and St Botolph's were to be served 
and discharged by two of the fellows, the benefactors to the 
old house, as well as at Ospring, were ordered to be prayed 
for, and in pursuance of an ancient custom the bell was to lo 
be rung at four in the morning, to awake such scholars 
through the university as were willing to leave their beds 
to follow their studies. In conclusion the bishop of Ely, 
as agreed and formerly practised, was left to enjoy his 
power as visitor, but he seems then to have been limited as 15 
far as possible, for the first resolution of doubts was to be 
in the chancellor or vice-chancellor with the two senior 
doctors, as it was at Christ's. 

These were some of the rules that Mr Alan Percy was 
bound to observe and to require the observance of from his 20 
fellows. How he acquitted himself of that trust, I will not 
say ; but the second year of his prefecture (which is some- 
what early) I meet with a visitation, upon what grounds, 
or for what reasons, I cannot certainly determine. This is 
certain, Mr Percy was either too big or too unequal to the 25 
business, and being either pressed and overburdened with 
the load of our affairs, or pinclied with the narrow circum- 
stances of the college, or vexed with the divisions then 
arising therein, he was weary of his employment, and on 
All Saints' day' an. 1518 resigned it into better and abler 30 

His resignation is yet extant, made to bishop Fisher as 
executor to the foundress, with regard to which, by bond^ 
from the college dated Nov. 21. an. 10 Hen. 8''^ he was to 
enjoy the low parlour in the college belonging to the mas- 35 
ter, with the two inner chambers there, together with his 
commons as a fellow during life, at all such times as it 

1 V. Comput. finit. ad fest. omnium sanct. ; ad quod fest. an. to Hen. 8 
resignavit officium magistratus coll. 

2 Ex archivis. 


should please liim to resort to and abide in tlie college, 
without paying any thing for the same, and was besides to 
receive an annuity or yearly pension of £10, till such time 
as he should be otherwise preferred : — which annuity was 
5 duly paid till Febr. 4*'' an. 12 Hen. 8'' ; when he releases 
the college of all the room, profit, etc, that he had or ought 
to have therein, under his hand and seal. 

It seems he was then preferred, and doubtless his 
preferment came very seasonably, his circumstances before 

10 having been too strait and narrow for a man of honour ; for 
in a letter^ from Nicolas Daryngton, one of the fellows, to 
Dr Metcalf the succeeding master, he signifies that he liad 
contented Mr Percy with £5 (his half year's pension), which 
he had sent for divers times because of his need. 

15 He was rector of St Ann's Aldersgate London, which 
cure he resigned, when we may presume him to have had 
a prospect of somewhat better. In 1521, Oct. 25^, he was 
admitted rector of St Mary Hill, and held that preferment 
to his dying day, almost forty years, for that living was not 

20 filled again till an. 1560, when it was presented to, as void 
by the death of Mr Alan Percy. To the mastership of St 
John's he was not solemnly admitted till July 29, 1516, 
but seems to have borne that title and to have acted as mas- 
ter a month sooner. For Richard Sharpe the president's 

25 computus concludes the last day of June, from which day 
Mr Percy's computus commences, and in other business I 
find him acting as master the same month. Of his prefer- 
ments I find no more. His quality is well known, being 
son and brother to two earls of Northumberland. 

30 The manor of Dunmows in Fulborn in the county of 
Cambridge came to him in the 20th of Henry the Eighth 
by mean conveyance ^ as there said; the house of which 
manor yet bears his name, though he held it a short time, 
for he seems to have been an ill husband of his own estate, 

1 Inter archiva. Dec. 12, an. E. 36, an. 1545. v. 

2 Kegn Lond. from Mr New- Kymer, Tom. xv. p. 68. 

court. He was master or keeper ^ Munimenta de Dunmows. He 

of Trinity college at Arundel com. presents (as patron) to Fulburn 

Sussex, which college he and his St_Vigor's Oct. 26 an. 15 14. See 

fellows surrendered to Hen. 8th, Eegr. induct. 


84: ST John's college. 

and parted with it three years after to the Docwras. Could 
we suppose him to have reserved any interest in that 
estate, or to have died in the house that bears his name, 
I could easily believe him to have been buried in the 
college chapel, as is said by Mr Parker^, or rather in an 5 
addition made to that MS. by another hand, which reports 
him to be buried in the chapel under a fair marble covered 
with brass. Wherever he is buried, I shall leave him in 
his grave. 

I have since met with the occasion of his quitting his 10 
annuity, not by preferment, as I did imagine, but by a 
small estate given him by the king: for an. 11""°. Henr. 8^'. 
April. 2"^°. rex concessit^ Alano Percy clerico, fratri pree- 
cariss. Henrici comitis Northumbr,, quoddam messuagium 
et unum gardinum cum pertinen. in Stepenheth in com. i^ 
Middlesex, habend. prsefato Alano et hered. in perpetuum, 
tenend. de rege per fidelitatem et reditum unius rosge rubeas. 
Privata Sigilla. p. 333. 

1 S/ceX. Cant. ^ From Mr Hare, Richm. herald. 


Anno 1518, at or near the 3rd of December, as appears 
BY HIS Computus.' 

Upon Mr Percy's resignation Dr Metcalfe succeeded, 
a man of equal industry and conduct, skilful in business 
and fitted for government, qualifications then most neces- 
sary, under an imperfect settlement and broken revenue. 
5 He has left an account of the state of the college when 
lie entered upon it, too long and particular to be inserted 
at large, but because it is authentic and a clear evidence of 
the state of the college so near the foundation, and will 
shew as well the reasons Mr Percy had to be weary of his 

lo charge, as be a standing evidence of his successor's con- 
duct, I will give a short extract of it here. 

It bears date the tenth of Henry the Eighth, the last 
year of Mr Percy's and the first of Dr Metcalf 's prefecture, 
and is as follows. 

£ s. d. 

15 The yearly revenues that the col- 
lege had the year aforesaid, within the 
town of Cambridge and Newnham, as 
appears by the last audit of Mr Percy 
and the first account of Dr Metcalf . 43 18 03 

^ Computus Nich. Metcalfe, D.D. duo nobilia in auro. Bac. Theol. au. 

ab an. lo Hen. S'". Solut. pro com- 1504, S. T. P. an. 1507. Nich. Met- 

munis magistri et 26 sociorum a calf Ebor. dioc. ordinatus acolithus 

tertio die Decembris 10 Hen. 8% an. 1493, subdiaconus an. 1494, 

deduct, pro absentibus. Mar. 14, ad Tit. Mon. B. Marise da- 

2 Nicholaus Metcalfe, quaestion- Joreval Ebor. dioc. Apr. j8, 1495- 

ista Cant. an. 1494, cautio ejus Kegr. Elien. 

86 ST John's collegk. 




The yearly revenue of the said 

college in the shire of Cambridge and 

other shires thereabout, as well of the 

old house lands as other land pur- 

chased before the said year .... 




oh. 5 

The revenues of all the lands be- 

longing to the late Mesondiew of 

Ospring, which were enjoyed, but not 

fully and legally assured till after Dr 

Metcalf was master 





The sum of the whole revenues 
abovesaid amounts to 





Of the which must be deducted 

the yearly value of £48 for the 

foundations of bishop Fisher, Dr 


Riplingham, Sir Marm. Constable, 

Mr Ediall, and Mr Docket; so that 

deduction is 




And that deducted remains towards 

the foundation the yearly value of . . 




oh. 20 

The ordinary charges incident to 

these revenues in outrents, pensions, 

fall or vacation of rents, wages of 

curates, chaplains, repairs, fees, costs 

in law and other expenses (there 


specified) will be at least, one year 

with another 





And so there remains to the sus- 

tentation etc. of all such as be to be 

found of the said lands, i. e. for 


their only commons, stipend and 

livery yearly 





The charges of these, viz, of the 

master, twenty-eight fellows, six scho- 

lars and of several servants, is yearly 





And so the yearly charges of these 

lands, after this rate charged, exceeds 

"the receipts 




This was the infant state of the h( 

Duse as Dr Metcalf 


found it, the revenues small, and those burdened with 
annual charges of £100 above the receipts ; and yet by his 
prudent management and happy endeavours, under the 
countenance and protection of his excellent patron, it grew 
5 up to so full a stature under his prefecture, that to look 
upon it after he had done with it, it seems to be a new 
foundation. The estate at Ospring was not yet legally 
assured ; this was his first care, which was at last effect- 
ually secured to the college in the year 1519, after much 

I o pains and many journeys undertaken by his patron and 
him, much solicitation both at court and with the arch- 
bishop, and the expense of £200 and upwards paid out of 
the foundress' chest. 

And though the structure or building was finished before 

15 the opening of the college, yet either it was not complete in 
all its offices and outworks, or a discharge had not been taken 
care of till the year after this, an. 1520 ; for then it is that 
Oliver Scalis signs a fall release to Dr Metcalf as master, 
attested by Alan Percy and Robert Shorten ; for so Dr 

20 Shorten writes his name, which I mention, not as material 
in itself, but because the several different ways of writing 
his name has been made a matter of observation by bishop 
Wren^ in his accurate account of the masters of Pembroke 

?5 It would be expected after such an account of the 
revenue, that Dr Metcalf should have been for retrenching 
the number of fellows, or at least the scholars who were 
not limited by statute : so far from that, that the very next 
year after this account commences^ the number of the scho- 

30 lars is enlarged from six to twenty-three, and are main- 
tained so some years after. But this being a greater 
charge than with all his care and frugality could be 
tolerably borne, at his instance and suggestion the bishop 
of Rochester begun to cast about for some further augmen- 
35 tation. No other way could be thought of but by applying 
to the king for a further compensation for the college losses 
by the grant of some nunnery or religious house : nothing 
could be hoped for immediately from the crown, but the 

^ De custod. Pembr. 
^ Computus Nich. Metcalf inter archiva coll. 

88 ST John's college. 

king, who had been always sparing of his own revenue to 
such uses, had never shewn any great aversion to give up 
religious houses. 

There was a house of nuns at Higham near Rochester, 
which had stood since king Stephen's reign, who was their 5 
founder, and might have stood some time longer, had they 
preserved their innocence : this with another nunnery at 
•Bromehall in Berkshire by the cardinal's interest with 
the king were begged and obtained \ The king's grant is 
dated Oct. 21 in the fourteenth of his reign, the bishop of lo 
Rochester's confirmation was not granted till Mar. 28 
an. 1524, and that confirmed by the prior and chapter and 
the archdeacon of Eochester, Dr Metcalf, the year after. 

The bishop's proceedings herein w^ere very regular, by 
a solemn process against the nuns ; an act^ whereof w"as ^5 
made and is yet preserved, and will justify the bishop in 
his proceedings to all the world. It sets forth that the 
priory by its original foundation had maintained sixteen 
nuns, that their number for several years had been reduced 
to three or four by waste of their endowments, by resort 20 
of loose and lascivious persons to the house, and the incon- 
tinence of the nuns, who had been noted for their incon- 
tinent lives^; that two of the nuns, Elizabeth Penney and 
Godline Laurence, by their own confession had been 
debauched and impregnated by Edward Sterope vicar of 25 
Higham, that Elizabeth Penney had borne a child to him, 
whereof proof was made by the midwife, nurse and other 
persons. The resignation of the three nuns is there recited, 
Agnes Swayne, Elizabeth Penney and Godline Laurence, 
.(for the last prioress Anchoreta Ungothorpe was either 30 
dead or gone) in the presence of a public notary, whereby 
freely and not compelled hy fear or dread, nor circumvented 
hy guile or deceit, hut of their own free ivill,for certain just 
and lawful causes, they renounce and resign all their right 
title, interest and possession that they had to the monastery 35 

1 The pope Clement the Seventh of them by the king, which seems 

confirms the dissolution and sup- to have been an early stretch of 

pression of these two houses by his regal authority. 
bull dat. 4*0 kal. Oct. anno ^^i 1524, 2 inter archiva coll. 

pont. I'"", together with the grant ^ Ex archivis. 


of Higham, into the holy hands of the reverend father in 
God John hishop of Rochester for ever. The king's grant 
is likewise recited, which was made before and without- 
these solemnities^: but the bishop's sentence does not pass 
5 till proof duly made of all these particulars, and till every- 
thing besides had been regularly observed ; then he proceeds 
to sentence and empowers the college to enter and take 
possession of the priory of Higham. 

The nuns were disposed of to other houses ; Agnes 

lo Swayn to Swafham Bulbeck in the county of Cambridge, 
and Elizabeth Penney to St Sepulchre's priory at Canter- 
bury, where they were maintained poorly by the college : 
but Elizabeth Penney, as she was the greater sinner, so 
she received the smaller pension ; Godline Lawrence was 

i5 provided for another way. 

Whether the like regular steps were made and the 
same order taken with the nuns at Bromehall by the bishop 
of Sarum, or whether it was thought necessary, I cannot 
say; for the prioress there Jane Rawlins^ resigned volun- 

'20 tarily and had a pension assigned her, and the other two 
sisters^ abandoned the house, which, being of royal patron- 
age, is said (in an inquisition taken) to have escheated 
to the crown. 

The king's zeal and the cardinal's is very remarkable 

'25 in the whole proceediijg, their letters are yet preserved 
upon our books ^, expressing it in so vehement a manner 
as if it were their own concern ; the two bishops were too 
slow for them, and these letters are designed to quicken them 
in their paces ; and lest the ordinary power should not be 

^o sufficient, the cardinal interposes his legatine authority, 
and the king descends so low as to send his especial and 
hearty thanhs to the bishop of Sarura for his effectual 
diligence taken at his desire ; and to the bishop of Roches- 
ter, he wills and eftesone desires and nevertheless commands 

35 him with celerity and diligence, all delays utterly set apart, 
to proceed in the work. 

It can hardly be doubted* but the king and cardinal 

1 Sept. 12 an. reg. Hen. S"*' 13"°, ^ Liber rub. 

or rather Aug. 9 an. 152 1, * The kmg's design further ap- 

2 Decern. 5'" reg. 13*'°. pears by the pope's bull, compared 

90 ST John's college. 

had different views from our bishop, otherwise their zeal 
and diligence can hardly be accounted for : the cardinal's 
great design was now brooding, which ended in the disso- 
lution of a crowd of houses at once, which he was willing 
to make way for by a reputable and leading example ; and 5 
though the king might not yet have a general dissolution 
in view, yet as this led to the cardinal's design, so the 
cardinal's paved the way and led to the king's. And 
might not the same views, that quickened them in their 
proceedings, retard the bishop in his good design and lo 
make him slow in prosecuting what he at first desired? for 
could he have foreseen the consequences that probably 
attended his undertaking, he would never have entered 
into these measures. But men and providence have dif- 
ferent ends, and God is wise in effecting his own good 15 
purposes by our blindness. 

Here now is the full state of the foundation ; for though 
upon the cardinal's fall the college addressed^ the king for 
some further compensation out of the religious houses sup- 
pressed by him, and charge the blame of intercepting the 20 
foundress' revenues upon that unhappy minister, yet the 
king lent a deaf ear to their entreaties ; he had now other 
designs, was out of humour with bishop Fisher, and nothing 
could be done. It is well so much was done and so season- 
ably, for the bishop's interest was now in the decline, and 25 
no favour was to be shown afterwards to a person so much 
disaffected to tlie king's proceedings. 

Upon the accession of these two nunneries and bishop 
Fisher's new and accessional foundations, the college 
statutes, as they seem to have been altered before in some 3^ 
few particulars, so they received now a considerable en- 
largement, and as the former statutes were taken from those 
at Christ's, so these enlargements seem to be principally 
borrowed from Corpus Christi statutes at Oxford, a copy 
whereof interlined and altered (with bishop Fisher's own 35 
hand, or one like it, when he grew old^, for his first 

■with the first draught here in Eng- by regal authority, 

land (copies whereof I leave) ; by ^ Liter. D. Chambero. 

comparing whereof it will appear 2 Qucere, for he wrote a fair hand 

pretty evidently that the king was to the last, 
then paving his way to a dissolution 


draughts are very fair) is yet lodged amongst our archives, 
and may be of some use in explaining such expressions 
in the statutes as are doubtful or obscure. 

These second statutes were dated July 24 an. 1524, 
5 wherein provision is made for the souls of the benefactors 
at Bromehall and Higham ; a copy whereof is likewise 
preserved in the college treasury, which by the thread ye t 
remaining should seem to have had a pendent seal : for 
that statutes were wrote and sealed this year or the last 

10 appears from the books \ where so much is twice placed to 
account for a riband for sealing the statutes and for 
writing the statutes twice or thrice over in different hands. 
But these statutes are interlined and noted in the margin 
in order to a further correction, which having happened 

15 soon after, I shall reserve the further account of them to 
that place: only observing here, that by these statutes^ 
a register being required to be kept of elections and ad- 
missions, there is a register (though imperfect) of admissions 
of fellows from the year 1523 brokenly continued till the 

20 year 1545, when Henry the Eighth's statutes took place ; 
from which time or two years after, an. 1547, there is a 
register continued of admissions both of fellows and scholars 
of the foundation. 

In bishop Fisher's private statutes^, given at the same 

25 time with these upon his additional foundations, there 
being mention of exequies to be had for him and of his 
monument, where his body was to lie, I suppose it was 
about this time that his private chapel was undertaken, 
and part of the profits of his estates at Holbeche, Kidgwell, 

30 Eamrick and Weston were for some years allotted to this 
purpose. This was situated on the north side of the college 
chapel near the altar, where the arms of the see of Roch- 
ester are yet remaining and had been quartered with the 
paternal arms of the bishop's family, now erased : in the 

35 old books*, an. 32 Hen. 8^', there is 3d. placed to account 
for talcing down Dr Fisher s arms, whether it was for 
erasing these arms or taking them down somewhere else 
I cannot say; but it was an expense that might very 

1 Liber thesaurarii. ^ In append. 

2 Tit. de custod. * * Liber thesaurar. 

92 ST John's college. 

well have been spared : or had they taken down his arms, 
they might have left him his titles : the best apology that 
can be made for them is that there is 12d. upon account 
the same year for entertaining the king's servant; so we 
will suppose it to have been done by intimation from court 5 
and to help to mend the servant's entertainment ; his 
deserved monument was likewise removed, some venerable 
fragments whereof are yet lodged near his chapel and pre- 
serve his memory in their ruins. 

Opposite hereto on the south side, though built sooner, lo 
was Dr Thompson's chapel (that I may lay them together), 
a short inventory of the furniture whereof is amongst our 
archives; he founded two chaplains to officiate therein, 
now two poor preachers in the college. He was (as I 
gather from some passages^) originally of the county or 15 
diocese of Durham and of Pembroke hall, though he does 
^lot, that I remember, occur in the catalogue of their fel- 
lows: he was vicechancellor of the university two years 
successively and master of Christ's college, which prefer- 
ment though he quitted before his death, yet he was a 20 
benefactor to the society^ by leaving them the Brazen 
.George with lands in Malton and Orwell for a perpetual 
dirge or obit to be kept for him in that chapel. He must 
have been very old, if he lived to the thirty-second of 
Henry the Eighth, when some expenses are placed to ac- 25 
■count^ for his grave and funeral, whether in his own chapel 
;or under some marble near it I cannot say, but there are 
no footsteps of any stone or monument now remaining in 
,his chapel. 

There was a third chapel (with as many chaplains) for 30 
Dr Keyton, which, though now demolished, is mentioned 
-with its altar upon the books*. It was probably situated 
on the same side with Dr Thompson's^, adjoining to that 
part of the college chapel where there is a door^ or passage, 

^ Eegr. Dunelm. Fox. opposite to Mr Ashton's chapel. 

^ Ex archivis coll. Jo. Lib. rub. ^ His chapel was more towards 

3 Liber thesaurarii. the west. 

* Liber thesaur. et alibi inter ^ The door somewhat to the east 

archiva. It was situated on the of the vestry I take to have been 

south side, adjoining to the vestry, the door of the old chapel, 
where there is a ring yet remaining 


now indeed walled up and plastered over, but whenever 
the plaster is removed, it will mark out its situation. 
Dr Keyton was canon of Salisbmy, archdeacon of Lei- 
cester, and should have had some relation either to the 
5 church or town of Southwell by tlie affection he expresses 
in his foundation to that place. He was an early member 
of this house. 

The last chapel was Mr Hugh Ashton's, well known 
by his monument and his rebus upon it, a thing then 

lo much in fashion, and must be forgiven to the humour of 
the age. It has long since lost the face of religion. Many 
years after its desecration, in Dr Beal's time\ it was re- 
stored to sacred use, but the times coming on when little 
regard was had to sacred things and less to sacred places, 

15 it was again desecrated, and has not since been restored to 
such uses, as the other two chapels yet standing have been. 
It may, 'tis hoped, one day recover that right, and might 
I choose my place of sepulture, I would lay my body there; 
that as I owe the few comforts I enjoy to Mr Ashton's 

20 bounty, so I might not be separated from him in my death : 
wherever his body lies, may his ashes rest peaceably ! and 
may I wish him that happiness, which I dare not to pray 
for, but which my hopes are he now enjoys! I daily bless 
God for him and thankfully commemorate him, and could 

25 I think he now desired of me what his foundation re- 
quires, I would follow him with my prayers and pursue 
him on my knees. 

He was born of an ancient family in Lancashire^, where 

' It was then hung round with his life by pope JuUus an. 1504, 

red and green hangings, with white x. cal. Decembr. From Mr Ry- 

and green lace, etc. Bp Fisher's mer's papers MSS. copied by the 

chapel in like manner. See an in- rev. Dr Kennett bishop of Peter- 

ventory of the chapel furniture an. borough. He held the prebend of 

1542. Strensall in the church of York, of 

s Mr Ashton was presented by the £105 reserved rent, to which he 

king to a canonry in St Stephen's, was collated by car(l_ Wolsey ult 

Westminster, an. primo Hen. 8", Mail 15 15. v. Regr. Ebor. an 

Mali 28. Priv. Sigil. He was canon 1515. Archdiac. Cornub. Sept. 28. 

of Stafford in the church of Lich- 1515, et (ut videtur) Archidiac. Win 

field, and rector of Bamake in the ton., both which he resigned. ] 

diocese of Lincoln, which rectory find this grace upon our register 

■fras united to his prebend during " Conceditur Hugoni Ashton ut stu- 

94 ST John's college. 

the Ladj Margaret then countess of Derby having met 
with him, she took him into her family, made him comp- 
troller of her household^ and afterwards one of the execu- 
tors of her will ; a trust he very faithfully discharged, 
having been very serviceable in the college business whilst 5 
he was at Cambridge^; but being often absent, that trust 
and employment devolved principally upon one man. 

What was wanting in that more public capacity, he 
made up and supplied in his private station, by founding 
four fellows (who were his chaplains) and as many scholars, lo 
together with an annual dirge to be observed for him on 
the day of his interment. He died on the twenty-third of 
Novem. an. 1522, and was buried in the cathedral church 
of York, where he Vt^as archdeacon, on the fourth of 
January following, the day fixed for his annual dirge both 15 
by deed and by the inscription of his monument. In 
queen Mary's reign George Bullock then master with some 
of the fellows and scholars did solemnly repair to his 
tomb at York, viewed and took out the following inscrip- 
tion, and afterwards entered it upon the books ^. 20 

Hie situs est Hugo Ashton archidiaconus Ebor., qui ad 
Christians religionis augmentum socios 2 ex Lancastria 
totidemque scholares, sociumque et scholarem Eboracensis, 
sociumque et scholarem Dunelmensis diocesis oriundos, 
suis impensis pie instituit, atque singulis a se institutis 25 
sociis consuetum sociorum stipendium solidis 40 adauxit. 
Obiit nono cal. Decerab. an. Dni 1522. 

The same inscription being cut in brass* upon his 

dium et f :rnia unius anni et dimidii ^ I find one Hugh Ashton em- 

in artibus et studium hie et alibi in ployed in college business at Peter- 

jure canonico stet sibi pro completa house with W™, Burgoyn, Sim. Ris- 

forma ad intrandum in eodem jure, ley, etc., fellows, and might probably 

sic quod sua admissio stet pro in- live there in fellows' commons under 

troitu, etc." an. 1507, 8. If this Dr Hornby, 

grace passed after the foundress' ^ Liber rub. 

will was drawn (as probably it might ^ Ex lamina serea marmori obduc- 
in June 1508), it explains the title ta. There must be a mistake in the 
given him in the will, being then not inscription, for his will is dated De- 
graduate ;, and yet one Hugh Ash- cember 7 an. 1522, and proved 
ton is said to commence M.A. at March 9. There can be no mistake 
Oxford an. 1507. in the will, for the codicil to it is 
^ See the foundress' will. dated the same day, viz. Dec. 7. 


monument in the chapel (with this only alteration,, that 
the propriety is there given to the county of York, instead 
of the diocese), and so long a distance of time intervening 
betwixt his death and interment, I should be inclined to 
5 think he were interred in the college chapel, were there any 
traces of his funeral left upon the books, and did not the 
master's, fellows' etc. repairing to his tomb at York in so 
solemn a manner rather imply him to be buried there. 
The propriety there limited to the county of Lancaster was 

lo afterwards enlarged by his executors to the diocese of 
Chester, which being then the same with the diocese of 
Coventry and Lichfield, in all equitable construction will 
reach as far as that diocese then did : and this equity of 
construction will hold in some other old foundations. 

15 I take no notice of private foundations, further than 
they fall in my way, these being common things and in 
every one's hands; but about this time private founders 
were crowding in, and coming in principally with regard 
to bishop Fisher and Dr Metcalf, who were of the same 

20 northern county where their credit and interest were de- 
servedly great, most of these foundations were from that 
quarter. Lands w^ere given by these founders or purchases 
were faithfully made with their moneys, the particulars 
whereof might be easily recounted. 

25 It has been a mistake, as commonly received as it is 
ill-grounded, that the foundation was swallowed up and 
devoured by private founders ; somewhat of that kind may 
have happened in later years, but there was nothing of it 
now. For besides that the original foundation was very 

30 inconsiderable, as we have seen already, there is an account 
entered upon an old register^ of the several estates that 
were purchased ever since the foundation till after the 
period we are now under ; and there is besides an accurate^ 
account of the value of the lands purchased towards the 

35 respective foundations till towards the conclusion of this 
prefecture ; whence it will appear, that though these pri- 
vate foundations were small enough, yet as they were 

The ■will was drawn at York, as St John's college, Cambridge, 
appears by the witnesses, and yet ^ Inter archiva. 

he orders his body to be buried in ® Ibid. 

96 ST John's college. 

well enough suited to the then value of lands and price 
of things, so they bore proportion to the rest of the founda- 
tion, and have been since equally improved. 

To explain this by a particular instance in Sir Marma- 
duke Constable's foundation, not the most largely endowed; 5 
he founded one fellowship and four scholarships, for the 
which he gave the manor of Millington, then valued at - 
£8 or £8 10s per an. and £200 besides in moneys, where- 
with were bought lands (in common with others) to the 
value of £10 per an. The manor of Millington with these 10 
other lands of greater value, as now improved in their 
rents and fines, with the common advantages from the 
college, will maintain a fellow and four of the poorest 
scholars well enough at this day. 

I have rather instanced in this particular, because Dr 15 
Constable dean of Lincoln has been commemorated as 
founder of the four scholarships, which he ^ was no other- 
wise concerned in, than as he was executor to Sir Marma- 
duke Constable. 

To return to bishop Fisher, whose chapel has led me 20 
into this digression ; there was now further occasion for 
it. For the great services done the university, as well in 
these private foundations and in private colleges as in his 
more public character as their chancellor, drew from them 
a very grateful and solemn acknowledgement, by decreeing 25 
him annual exequies to be perpetually observed for him by 
the university on the day of his death in St John's college, 
in the same manner as they were observed for other found- 
ers of colleges and principal benefactors, and as they were 
observed at Christ's college for the lady Margaret their 30 
foundress. This decree passed the senate and took place as 
a statute of the university January the 30th an. 1528, and 
is entered as such in the proctors' book^: and a letter was 
directed to him from the university full of acknowledge- 
ments of his many favours, and particularly mention [ing] 35 
the two colleges Christ's and St John's, as owing to his 
advice, persuasion and interest with the foundress. 

This though it were infinitely agreeable and acceptable 
to him (as he owns in his answer), yet he so far declined 

1 Ex fundat. origin, inter archiva, ^ Liber procur. p. 83, 140. ] 


the welcome offer, as to desire the foundress might have 
the first place in their prayers, as just and due, that as she 
was already commemorated at Christ's college, so she might 
have the same office performed for her at St John's, and 
5 that it would be enough for him to be placed next her and 
to be joined in partnership with their common patroness. 
That anything further was done for tlie foundress does not 
appear ; the decree runs in the bishop's name only, but this 
was an instance of his singular virtue and moderation in 

lo denying himself thus far in a thing he so much desired, 
and which (in his mistaken opinion) was of such use to the 
health of his soul by freeing it from the flames of purga- 
tory, unless it could be had consistently with another's 
title to the like advantages with himself, and is an answer 

15 to the objections of one Richard Croke^ an ambitious, 
envious and discontented wretch, who had been preferred 
by him and had eat his bread, and yet had the impudence 
to charge him with setting up for founder in diminution of 
the right and honour of the foundress and with other such 

20 calumnies as his malice could invent. His objections are 
best answered by the bishop himself in a letter^ he vouch- 
safed to write to* that wretch, and is very well worth read- 
ing to any one that has an honour for the bishop's memory, 
or that can take pleasure in seeing right done to innocence 

25 against calumny and detraction. 

The good bishop had been many years reviewing, alter- 
ing and enlarging his statutes : being now (as we may im- 
agine) pretty perfect, and he now absolute in power, most 
or all the executors being dead, at least those that inter- 

30 posed in the college business, he this year^ gave a complete 
body of statutes, which being under seal and undoubtedly 
authentic, I shall give some short account of them, and that 
principally historical ; for the rest referring to the original 
volume now in very worthy hands. 

35 As the former statutes were partly borrowed from 
Christ's college and Corpus Christi college statutes at Ox- 
ford, so from intimations upon the books the cardinal's 

^ Crocus primus orator, primus ^ Epist. Eoffens. Croco apud re- 

qui inve-Yit literas Graecas acad. gistrum coll. 
Cant. Lib. orator, pub. ^ an. 1530. 


98 ST John's college. 

statutes were made use of in this new digest ; not having 
met with them (unless Eton college statutes were the car- 
dinal's, an ancient copy whereof interlined and altered is 
yet lodged in the treasury) I can say nothing to explain 
their use. It is certain the cardinal's foundation was in 5 
nature and kind very different from this. 

By these statutes^ there was to be a master and seven 
seniors, the major part whereof was to he of the nine 
northern counties favoured by the foundress; the whole 
number of fellows of the foundation was to be twenty-eight, 10 
and at least one half of these was always to be of the nine 
northern counties according to the foundress' intention : 
which that it may be better known, or being a thing of 
old date, that it may not be forgot, I will put down the 
words of the statute^: Nam 6b inoinam—fundatrix quos- 15 
dam liujus regni comitatus duxit ^rceferendos, nemjge Du- 
nelmice, Nortliumhrioe, Westmerice, Gomhrice, Ehoy^aci, Rich- 
mondioR, Lancastrice, Derhice, Notingliamiai ; e guibus ad 
7nin%mum medietatem sociorum semper assumendam jussit 
tarn in collegio isto quam in collegia Christi per earn ante 20 
fundato, cvjus ordinationem nos nequaquaon decet infringers. 
Here then is a plain direction at Christ college where the 
foundress' old statutes drawn up by bishop Fisher are 
yet in force ; and it is a direction at St John's, as far as 
her intention is consistent with the present statutes; so far 25 
her intention or ordinance is yet religiously to be observed, 
and I pretend not to carry it any further. 

The same rule and the like division was to be observed 
in the choice of scholars, whose number was to be twenty- 
two, if it could conveniently be had; so that with twenty- 30 
eight fellows here was the full number of fifty fellows and 
scholars originally intended. Private foundations did not 
come into the account, nor were they to fill any county, 
which was to be still open for the foundation, as if there 
had been no private founder for that county: and such 35 
regard was had to private foundations, that if by any 
calamity the college revenues should be so far reduced as 
not to be sufficient to maintain the establishment in its 
full complement, after all other retrenchments made and 

' Stat. Jo. Eoffens. epi. an. 1530. ^ rpj^_ ^g sociorum qualitate. 


jewels and other ornaments sold, the scholars first, and 
afterwards the fellowships of the foundation were to be 
sunk, before they broke in upon private founders ; and this 
for very good reasons there mentioned, though had there 
5 been none, the bishop had an equitable ground and right 
to dispose in this manner, so great a part of the foundation 
having been of his own procurement, and the foundress' 
power being lodged solely in his hands. 

The fellows at their admission were to take a strict 

10 oath for the observance of the statutes, and withal to give 
bond of £100 not to obtain or cause to be obtained, 
directly or indirectly from the pope, the court of Rome, or 
any other place, any licence or dispensation contrary to 
their oath, or to accept or use it so obtained. Many of 

15 which bonds are yet extant^ only the pope was soon after 
altered for the king, or else the bonds run in general 
expressions ; and were a proper and reasonable security, 
and such as it were to be wished had been continued. No 
such security was needful from the scholars yet under awe 

20 and discipline ; but it was part of the oath both of fellows 
and scholars not to provoke or sow divisions in the college 
by comparing birth with birth, county with county, or 
north with south : then likewise a due caution, when 
divisions run high upon that account both in college and 

25 university. 

The allowance for commons was the same as formerly, 
and £6 per annum was yet enough to found a fellowship, 
as £3 per annum was enough to found a scholar ; whence it 
may be observed that the college profited more by those 

30 that gave scholarships, than it did by those that founded 

A limited power was left to the bishop of Ely of 
visiting the society, and because those bishops might 
think their power too much confined and might be un- 

35 willing to submit to such limitations, it was added that 
these statutes were given by authority from the apostolic 
see, whereby was meant the bull of Julius the Second for 
dissolving the old house and erecting a college^ and 

^ Inter avchiva. ^ Ex bulla Julii secundi, 


100 ST John's college. 

empowering the executors to ordain statutes for their new 

The bishop's private statutes and private foundations 
are added at the close of this volume, an account whereof 
I have reserved to this place. He first gave £500, where- 5 
with were purchased lands to the yearly value of £25^; 
afterwards he gave lands with the others lying in Hol- 
beche, Kamrick, Eidgwell, Weston, &c., to the value of 
£60 per annum, in all £85 per annum, equal to or exceeding 
the revenues of the old house : besides his jewels and all his lo 
other furniture, whereof he made a deed of gift which with 
a large inventory is yet lodged in the treasury, though 
the things themselves never came there for reasons too 
well known to need to be related: but we lost a great 
treasure by the loss of his books. 15 

Out of these estates he founded four fellowships and 
two scholarships. Three of his fellows and the two scholars 
were to be chose out of the county of York, the other 
fellow out of the diocese of Kochester^: all his fellows, if 
priests, to receive a mark per quarter beyond the usual 20 
stipend. He founded besides four examinators, with two 
lecturers for the Greek and Hebrew tongue; his exami- 
nators to receive 40s., the Greek lecturer £3 and the Hebrew 
reader £5 per annum ; with £12 per annum for trentals, 
usually enjoyed by six of the fellows, to each one 405. ; 25 
and moneys to be annually distributed at his exequies to 
the master, fellows and scholars upon the day of his death, 
varying in the sum according to the number then present. 
How these were disposed of will afterwards appear. 

These are the last statutes of bishop Fisher that I have 30 
met with, and being yet under seal were possibly the last 
that he gave, for his troubles were now coming thick 
upon him. There is a letter^ from the college to Cromwell 
or some other great man at court, not named, signifying 
that when the archbishop of Canterbury took an account 35 
of the state of the house, he found several things in the 
statutes either obscure, defective or redundant, which bishop 
Fisher at the instance of the society did not refuse to re- 

1 Statut. vet. Archiv. coll. ' Ibid, ^ Ex re^. coll. Lib. rub. 


view and amend, that the statutes with these amendments 
were veiy entire and perfect, and beg leave that they 
might have access to him in the Tower, that he might 
ratify and confirm them thus amended bj setting to his 
5 hand, being the onfy executor then surviving. 

That the master and afterwards three of the most 
considerable fellows, Brandisbe, Seton and Eedmain, at- 
tended him from the society, and that statutes were written 
and copied fair over this year, is very certain, but that 
10 they were sealed does not appear from the books, as it 
does very plainly upon the two last occasions. The truth 
of it is, though these amendments as coming from the 
archbishop were undoubtedly good, yet they were probably 
such, as though the bishop did not (and perhaps could not 
15 safely) refuse, yet such as upon his principles he could 
not heartily comply with, and to which he might think 
fit to suspend his consent. 

If anything were altered, the first thing that was to be 
amended was the fellows' bond not to accept licence or 
20 dispensation to their oath or statutes, which implying in 
it the pope's supremacy, could not safely stand any longer, 
or not without ofience, when the supremacy was disowned. 
But this, I believe, was not done; for had it been altered 
by statute, there had been one uniform rule for the fellows 
25 to go by in giving their bonds, whereas the following 
bonds^ vary in form ; first the pope is left out, then both 
pope and court of Eome, afterwards the king is substituted 
instead of the pope, then the king is left out and the 
bonds run only in general terms, from any place or person. 
30 There is this further to be said, that in queen Mary's 
reign, when the same statutes were again revived that 
were left in force by bishop Fisher, the bonds then run 
in one uniform manner and in the same form that was 
required by the statutes we are now speaking of. The best 
35 way of judging of these statutes is by comparing them 
with the books and other instruments in this reign, where- 
with they agree ; whereas in Henry the Eighth's reign, 
from the bishop's fall till the king himself gave statutes, as 

1 Inter archiva. 

102 ST John's college, 

there was confusion in the college, so it appears upon the 
books ; and indeed part of the bishop's revenues (however 
otherwise settled) having for some time been paid in to the 
king, there must needs have been a dependance in stipends 
etc. upon his majesty's bounty. These, as the bishop says, 5 
were his last will, and as such I shall leave them. 

I shall not enter into the history of his fall, being 
foreign to my purpose. It niust be said for the honour of 
the society, that they were not wanting to him on this last 
occasion: for as he was several times attended by the lo 
master and some of the fellows during his imprisonment, 
so there are several things entered upon the books ^ for his 
use and service. Above all there is a noble letter from 
them, penned in such a strain, that whoever was the com- 
poser must surely have been very sensibly and feelingly 15 
affected with the bishop's suiferings, as well as with the 
obligations of the college. It is there that as they profess 
to owe everything to his bounty, all that they enjoy and all 
that they know, so they offer and devote themselves and all 
they are masters of to his service, and beg of him to use it 20 
as his own. And so it really was, nor could they compli- 
ment him with his own. The college was first undertaken 
by his advice, was endowed by his bounty or interest, pre- 
served from ruin by his prudence and care, grew up and 
flourished under his countenance and protection, and was 25 
at last perfected by his conduct. In one word he was the 
best friend since the foundress and greatest patron the 
college ever had to this day. 

His full character I do not meddle with, I must be no 
advocate for his private opinions, and his private virtues do 30 
not want one : he is allowed by all to have been a good 
man ; for matters of opinion, I must leave him to stand or 
fall to God Almighty. That he never rose higher than 
Eochester will not seem strange, since he never sought 
that, which was thrown, upon him pm-ely by the favour of 35 
the king, without the intercession or interest of any friend 
or patron or of the foundress his patroness 2, as he says 
himself. Being placed there, he was content with his 

1 Liber thesaurar. 2 gtatut. privat. in prEefat. 


charge, which with less revenue had smaller cure, and 
heing married to his bishopric he would not be di- 

Upon his fall the king seized his furniture and other 
5 moveables, which by a deed of gift belonged to the college, 
and seems to have gone yet further ; for a year or two after 
payments are made to the king pro episcopo Koffensi^ 
which, I suppose, must be meant of the issues of his estates 
lately mentioned. Some of the foundress' furniture in his 

lo custody is said to have been then likewise seized, which he 
might have reserved for his own use during life ; I do not 
find nor can it be supposed it was considerable, though it 
helped to swell the account whenever the college dis- 
patched their missive letters to court to beg or complain. 

15 But whatever right the society might have to them, 
though they were begged of the then reigning king and 
the two succeeding princes, yet neither his other moveables 
nor his books, that were of best use and most valued, 
could ever be recovered. 

20 It must be with regard to this blow that the society 
has been said to lose by the bishop, for it could be no 
otherwise (his lands remaining to them being some of 
the best they enjoy at this day) that is, they lost some- 
what he had before given them, together with some of 

25 the foundress' furniture, which, had he pleased, he might 
have disposed of to some other use of her will, and par- 
ticularly to her servants, who were always complaining 
that the intention of her will had not been satisfied with 
regard to them. Her will was left imperfect, and where 

30 things are left so, it is hard for executors to satisfy all de- 
mands, where every pretender interprets the will in favour 
of himself, and will think himself wronged, if he is not 
gratified in his unreasonable demands. 

Besides his benefactions to this society, he gave £100 

35 to Michael hall, of which house he originally was, and 

£43 to Christ's college^ for a perpetual dirge or obit to 

be observed for him there; whether he did anything for 

Queens', where he had been master, I cannot say. His 

1 Liber thesaurar. ^ Ex archivis coll. Jo. 

104 ST John's college, 

obit at Christ's is dated February 22 an. 1525, John 
Watson then master, and runs in very honourable terms, 
that whereas the bishop of Rochester, with a pious mind 
Olid paternal affection, or ratJier hy divine instinct, had 
■procured their college to he erected hy his advice and per- 5 
suasion with the foundress, and had hy all means that were 
in his power taken care that it should he hrought to per- 
fection, hoth hy giving them statutes and laws and hy pro- 
curing them endowments, so that next to the foundress they 
and their posterity were indebted to him for the comforts lo 
and conveniences of life they had or should enjoy ; they 
therefore promise^ a perpetual dirge to he observed for him 
annually on the Srd of Fehmary hy the master, fellows 
and scholars, amongst whom distribution was to be then 
made; for the performance whereof they oblige themselves 15 
to the bishop and to the master of St John's college. 

These were his benefactions, which would afford matter 
of wonder, how they should spring out of his narrow 
fortunes and scanty preferments, did we not consider, that 
as he lived frugally, so he reserved nothing to himself or 20 
heirs ; everything was disposed of during his life, only 
some small pensions were charged upon the college to his 
relations and servants, which nature and religion obliged 
him to provide for. He died (as noted upon his statutes) 
on the 10th of the cal. of July an. 1535. 25 

The bishop thus taken off, the master, Dr Metcalf, had 
lost his surest patron and best support. He was now 
grown old, and a new set of fellows growing up addicted to 
a new and politer sort of learning, was undeservedly neg- 
lected by them ; and though he had gone along with the 30 
changes that were made about the time of bishop Fisher's 
death, for he with Mr George Day^ and Mr John Cheke 
were appointed the college proxies to appear before the 
king's commissioners in the matter of the oaths of the succes- 
sion and supremacy in 1536, yet he had formerly in convo- 35 
cation opposed the king's proceedings in the case of the 
divorce, and had still so much left of the old leaven and of 
bishop Fisher as rendered him unacceptable at court. 

1 Ex indentura original. 2 jjx archivis. Lib. rub. 


It was by intimation from tlience (and intimations 
then were to be complied with, whilst they lay so much at 
the king's mercy and had the case of cardinal Wolsey's 
foundation before their eyes) and by inclination in some of 
5 the fellows, men of greater learning than gratitude and 
duty, that the good old man, wearied and neglected by 
these men of learning, being rather tired out and intimi- 
dated than formally compelled \ on the 4th of July an. 
1537 by his own act ahdicated the government ; an act 

10 which, though it speaks freedom, yet is seldom voluntary. 
For however the thing may be mollified upon the books by 
the softer term of an abdication, it was in effect an expul- 
sion, and so Dr Caius ^ styles it, who further observes, that 
all those that had a hand in this ungrateful action were 

15 afterwards unfortunate and rewarded in the same manner 
as they had served Dr Metcalf. He names none, nor shall 
I name many, or search too deep into the sscrets of provi- 
dence. But it is very observable that Dr Day, who suc- 
ceeded him in the mastership here and was removed from 

20 hence to King's college, was afterwards obliged to abdicate 
his provostship^ to make room for Cheek, and that Sir John 
Cheek after a few years' enjoyment did abdicate* (i.e. un- 
willingly resigned) that preferment in the same manner 
that Day had done before him, and that under bishop 

25 Day's own roof, to make way for a third person. And yet 
these two great men, who thus jostled out one another, had 
been very dear and entire in their friendship whilst they 
lived under Dr Metcalf, to whom they both owed their 
rise and beginning; which was mean enough, especially 

30 Cheke's, whose mother sold wine in St Mary's parish in 
Cambridge, in which quality she may be met with upon 
the college books^ 

Dr Metcalf thus dismissed contentedly retired, having 
a full discharge granted him by the college^ August 1 

35 the same year, wherein he is said to have made a true, 

^ Ex regro coll. Lib. rub, piring might be some motive to him 

2 Hist. Cant. p. 75. to resign. Rymer, Tom. XV. [p. i] 

^ Day had a commendam to hold * Regr. col. Regal, ex MS. D. C. 

his provostship with his bishopric ' Liber thesaurar. 

for six years, which being near ex- ^ Liber rub. 

106 ST John's college. 

faithful and lawful computus from his first entrance upon 
his mastership to that day, which having Ibeen almost 
twenty years, in such multiplicity of business, amongst so 
many enemies ready enough to catch advantages, must 
be allowed as some proof of his integrity, if it could be 5 

I meet with no more mention of him till the thirty- 
first of Henry the Eighth ; when 6s. 8d. is placed to ac- 
count expended upon a dirge for Dr Metcalfe, so much for 
links, so much for wax and other requisites of a funeral. lo 
There is besides placed to account so much for setting up 
a table in the wall for Dr Metcalf, whereby is probably 
meant the little monument of brass in the outer chapel with 
tbis inscription, as far as it can be read, for it has been 
much defaced in evil times : 1 5 

Nicliolaus Metcalfus liujus collegii magister viginti annos, 
quarto die Julii magistratu excessit, et vestras ad Deumpreces 
vehementer expetit an. Dom. MCCCCCXXXVii^. It might have 
been prepared sooner, and not fixed there till this year. 
Dr Day might not care to be upbraided with such a monu- 20 
ment in passing to his lodge ; it would not reproach his 
successor, who had no hand in this ungrateful business. 

But whenever it was placed there, or whoever bestowed 
it, he certainly deserved a larger monument; for besides 
the services he did the college from its first foundation, 25 
having been his patron's constant agent from Rochester to 
Cambridge, when he himself could not attend the founda- 
tion, and that after he was master, his services were such 
and the accessional endowments under him so many, as 
a hundred years after can hardly produce. He was him- 30 
self a benefactor by giving in ready moneys £80, besides 

1 Liber thesaurar. buried in the cburcli of Wodham 

^ His will is dated an. 1539, ^'^^ Feris; appoints executors Mr Te- 

proved October 16 an. 1539; by nand and Mr Cuth. Metcalfe his 

■which he leaves 40s. to St John's nephew, etc. Ex regro test, in 

college for a dirige and a mass ; los. cur. prserog. He is said to be 

to Michaelhouse, some small legacies buried in Woodham Feris church 

to his sisters Elizabeth, Alice and Sept. 9, 1540, according to an old 

Jane, etc. ; the residue not disposed register of that church. There must 

of, to the maintenance of poor scho- be a mistake in the date, 
lars in Cambridge. His body to be 


£40 towards some additional buildings since . demolished 
upon building tlie second court, a sum then large enough 
to have founded a fellowship, had his ambition prompted 
him to that design. 
5 It were no hard matter, were it not too tedious, to 
recount the particular foundations settled under him. About 
seven or eight years after his prefecture, an. 1545\ an account 
being taken of the state of this and other colleges by order 
from court by Matthew Parker then vice-chancellor, John 

lo Kedman then master of King's hall, and William May mas- 
ter of Queens', commissionated by the king^, the revenues 
of this college were found to amount to £625. Is. 4c?. per 
annum, r&prisis non deductis, and these deductions made, to 
£536. 2s. 2 c?. And yet the account was given in as low as 

15 possible, to prevent the designs of hungry courtiers, who, 
having swallowed up and devoured the houses of religion, 
were for breaking in upon the seats of learning, had not 
they been prevented by the king, who was so well satisfied 
with the account and with the number that was main- 

20 tained with these revenues (which was likewise given in), 
that he hid them hold their own, for though he could not for- 
bear writing for his courtiers, yet he would leave it to their 
choice, lohether they would gratify them or not: with which 
words (says Dr Parker^) we were well armed, and so de- 

25 parted. 

To conclude with Dr Metcalf; he was a man, if not 
very learned, yet of sufiicient abilities and tolerable acquire- 
ments in most sorts of learning ; I am sure he is compli- 
mented upon that account by learned men : whatever was 

30 wanting in his own stock, was made up by encouraging it 
in others, which no man could do more readily or more 
impartially than he did. Of all those men that had a 
hand in turning him out, I may positively affirm, that as 
they owed their preferment, so there was hardly one of 

35 them that did not in a great measure owe his learning 
to his encouragement. It was his entertainment amongst 

1 MSS. coll. Corp. Chr. miscel. 0. ^ mSS. coll. Corp. Chr. miacellan. 

2 Idem status oollegii extat inter 0, 
archiva coll. Jo. 

108 ST John's college. 

his fellows to have the scholars dispute before them, who 
were called np to the master's lodgings to recreate him 
and the seniors after their business was over, and they 
that did the best, as they wanted not open encourage- 
ment, so if indigent, thej had moneys conveyed to them 5 
into their studies^ from unknown hands, but undoubtedly 
from his; of which Sir John Cheke was, I suppose, an 
instance. And whatever party or persuasion they were of, 
whether of the new learning or of the old, which begun 
then to divide the college, or of whatever country, north lo 
or south, if they were hopeful and deserving and not over 
turbulent, they were undoubtedly preferred. 

It has been objected to him that he favoured his own 
country too much ; Mr Ascham^, who knew him well, will 
absolve him of that charge, nor could there be any need 15 
or occasion for such favour. The north was so much 
favoured by the statutes and private founders, that nothing 
more was wanting than to do right to the constitution ; but 
if doing right to that will make a man partial, he was then 
confessedly guilty of partiality, and yet had he done other- 20 
wise, he had been unjust. 

He was every way an excellent master, for though he 
were not possessed of all that learning that might have 
been desired, but could not be expected from a man in con- 
tinual business, yet he had that which was more desirable 25 
and more necessary in a governor, prudence and conduct, 
which he shewed in the long and continued course of his 
government, and would have held the reins longer, had not 
the current of the times run against him. 

He was vicar of Kemsyng and Hoo in Kent and rector 30 
of Southfleet in the same county, afterwards rector of 
Wodeham Ferrers in Essex ^, to which preferment he was 
admitted July 13 an. 1517 upon the resignation of John 
Longland*. He was chaplain to John bishop of Rochester, 
and was his archdeacon at least twenty-four years, if not 35 

^ Ascham's Schoolmaster, fol. 54. * He was presented to the church 

s Ibid. fol. 54. of Stiirmouth by the bishop of Ro- 

3 Regr. London, from Mr New- Chester, which he resigned an. 15 10. 

court. Regr. Cant. 


more; in one letter* directed to him lie is styled chan- 
cellor of Rochester ; having met nothing of this anywhere 
else, it may have been a mistake for archdeacon. 

He was of an ancient and numerous family in Rich- 
5 mondshire, and had some paternal estate at Askryg or 
Asbryg in that county, where his mother Agnes Metcalf 
was living Aug. 2 an. 13 Hen. 8. ; who writes to him 
from thence^, to come down and set in order such lands 
as ajppertained to Ms inheritance — after her decease, — 
lo for that she was crazy and aged andj had no surety of 
long life. He was constituted master by the bishop of 
Rochester and the rest of the executors^ upon the resig- 
nation of Mr Percy. How he went off, we have seen 

^ Inter archiva. He was preb. ^ Ex archivis. 

sexaginta solid, in the church of ^ Nov. i an. lo H. 8^'. 

Lincoln. B. W. 


Admitted July 27th an. 1537, alias Geokge Deye, for so 


Dr Metcalf being laid aside by a forced resignation, the 
society were very full of themselves and their own happi- 
ness in a new choice, which they had not had since they 
were a college. The men of great learning had such con- 
fidence in their own strength and wisdom^, that they did 5 
not doubt of bringing in a man of their own party, if they 
miglit be left to a free election: to this end they supplicate 
Cromwell, then their chancellor and the king's vicegerent 
and visitor here, that he would indulge them this happi- 
ness, and give him strong hopes that all should be trans- ^o 
acted to his satisfaction ; and having obtained leave and 
Cromwell having by intimation from the king pointed out 
Dr Day to their choice, a man acceptable to them and 
gracious at court (for the late service he had done in the 
case of the supremacy, having then as public orator^ penned ^5 
the university decree or determination, so well done, that 
it shews the genius of a great man) they proceed to an 
election, and to their great surprise Dr Wylson was brought 
in against them by a majority of votes ; Dr Nicholas 
Wilson*, I suppose, of Christ's college, a friend of bishop 20 

1 George Day was third son of chaelbouse, bishop Fisher's own 
Eich. Day of Newport in com. college, which made the thing more 
Salop, gent, and of Agnes Osborne. provoking. V. regr. col. Trin. in the 
Ex officio armorum. masters of Michaelhouse, an. 1533. 

2 Ex regro et liter, coll. He was of the county of York, born 

3 MS. coll. Corp. Chr. Cant. in Holderness near Beverley, and as 

4 In 1533 he was master of Mi- such was bishop Fisher's country- 


Fisher and Dr Metcalf, and then under the frowns of the 
court. This indeed was a false step and might have en- 
dangered the society, but it was very just upon those men 
who had brought it upon themselves and could not be 

5 content under an equal government. 

Dr Wylson was so wise as not to provoke the court, 
and refused to accept, and so being at liberty they pro- 
ceeded to a second choice, and Day was elected, when there 
was none to oppose him, by a majority of votes. For 

I o though in their letter to Cromwell they tell him it was 
done by an unanimous consent, and the same is said in his 
presentation to the vice-chancellor, yet in the original^ in- 
strument of his admission by the vice-chancellor Dr Mallet 
master of Michael hall, it is only said that he was chose 

1 5 (as they asserted) 'per majorem et saniorem jiartem omnium 
sociorum, undoubtedly meant as a twit to the dissenting 

However this did not satisfy the court, which had been 
affronted in the election by slurring the king's recom- 

2omendation; and therefore letters^ were dispatched to Fox 
bishop of Hereford (then provost of King's college) in a 
very melancholy strain, wherein they beg of him to have 
compassion on the college then in danger of ruin by the 
king's displeasure conceived against them, unless they 

25 could be set right at court by his advice, interest and 
good offices, in mitigating and appeasing the indignation of 
the king. Cromwell was likewise addressed to in another 
letter, wherein they confess their own folly, but lay the 
blame upon the rude and more unskilful part of the fellows, 

30 who being too full of the thoughts of a free election, did 
not consider and duly attend to the king's intention, and 
so blundered upon the wrong man; but this error had 
been corrected by the more skilful members of their society, 
and hope he will not impute the faults and folly of some 

35 rash men to the whole body. And that nothing might 
be wanting to complete their application and address, Day 

man, and no less acceptable to the ^ Dat. July 27, 1537. Inter ar- 

GoUege, consisting then chiefly of chiva. 

northern men. V. Fox's Mart. edit. ^ Ex Uteris coll. 

I, p. 1317. 

112 ST John's college. 

himself was sent up to charm Cromwell and the court with 
his eloquence. The thing ended well, and it was happy 
for the society that the election went in this manner, for 
otherwise it might have given them an irrecoverable blow, 
and probably nothing less than bishop Fisher's large 5 
endowments could have atoned for their rashness. 

Dr Day's prefecture here that cost him so much trouble 
was very short, having been removed within the year to 
King's college, upon the death of Fox bishop of Hereford 
their provost. They had no inclination to a stranger, and lo 
petitioned^ Cromwell to use his interest with the king for 
leave to choose one of their own body, but the king's 
answer being in favour of his chaplain Dr Deye, a man 
for Ms qualities apt and able for that function, and there 
being no other bar but their statutes, tlie hing did dis- 15 
pense therewith hy virtue of his supreme authority, and hy 
the same made him able to all intents and purposes ; and 
being thus qualified, he was elected by the society with 
much readiness and by an unanimous consent. The king's 
letter^ to them is dated June 2nd 1538, and the college 20 
answer signifying their choice, and that made lihenter, 
lihere, concorditer, uno omnium consensu et assensu, is 
dated the 6th of the same month, from which day, or 
rather from the date of his admission some days after, the 
mastership of St John's did again become vacant. 25 

'Tis pity he did not continue longer; being fitted for 
government and very learned, the college might have 
flourished under him much more than it did under his 
successor, who had not the art of governing a college; 
especially divided, as the society then was. In his younger 30 
years he had studied physic and was the first ^ that held 
the Linacre lecture ; he is complimented by Dr Caius* in 
an epistle dedicatory upon his skill in that faculty, as well 
as in oratory and other liberal arts: it was in these he 

^ Ex regro coll. Eegal. Cant. MS. multis annis medicinEe studiosum 

D. C. fuisse, et medicinse prseceptis seqne 

* Ex regro coll. Regal. delectari novi atque oratorise artis 
3 An. 16, 17, etc. Hen. 8^'. (quam tuna profitebaris) aut aliarum 

* Galeni Opuscula Latine versa, scientiarum liberalium, in quibus es 
S'H. 1555- Quern Cantabrigiae ex egregius. 


excelled most, for it does not appear that he was any great 
divine, wherein he was exceeded by Redmain, Madew and 
others, that were fellows about the same time. 

He did not appear at court till after he was master ; 
5 upon his first appearance there he pleased, was presently 
advanced to be the king's chaplain^ and almoner^ to the 
queen ; soon after to the see^ of Chichester, and was the 
first member of this society that wore a mitre, unless arch- 
bishop Holgate* be made an exception. 

10 By a common mistake he has been generally supposed 
to have been fellow of King's college, which he never was ; 
he was admitted fellow of St John's Septem. 19 an. 1522', 
tliere is no mention there of his county, but when he was 
admitted master®, he is said to be of the diocese of Lich- 

15 field and Coventry ; he was born in Shropshire, at or near 
Newport in that county. He did not live to be old, nor 
did he die so young as Dr Fuller has made him, as will 
partly appear from the date of his admission, and from the 
date of his degrees in the University, and from his own 

20 depositions an. 1551^, when he was aged forty-nine. 

Whilst bishop Fisher lived (whose capellanus he was 
in college, and before one of whose books® he has two 
copies of verses that shew him to have been no ill poet), 
he had opposed the king's proceedings in the case of his 

25 divorce. He repaired that fault by striking in warmly 
with his supremacy, but after the king's death he turned 
against it, and died a zealous catholic in queen Mary's 

In the university he was elected second orator^ about 

30 the year 1528, when he succeeded Richard Croke, and was 
a much greater man than he, though the other made the 
louder noise. In the year 1537 being chose master, he 
quitted that post to make way for Dr Redmain, then fellow 

^ He waa preferred by the king to xv. pag. i. 
the rectory of Allhallows the Great, ^ MS. Tenison. 

London, Sept. i8 an. 1537. ' Ex archivia coll. 

2 ^juj almoner to queen Mary. " Ex instrumento original!. 

3 An. 1543, when he had the ^ V. Fox's Mart. edit, i, p. 854. 
king's dispenaation to hold the pro- ^ Assert. Luther, confut. Antverp, 
vostship of King's college in com- an. 1523. 

mendam for six years. Eymer, Tom. ^ Ex libro oratoris publici. 

114 ST John's college. 

of the same college, and equally fit to be a master : the 
same year he and Redmain commenced D.D,, and the 
following year he was elected vice-chancellor. In 1533^ 
he supplied that place, with a non obstante to the statute, 
in making a speech or sermon at St Mary's on Corpus 5 
Christi day, and the same year commencing B,D. he kept 
the public act. 

By his will^ dated July 28, 1556, he leaves the Coni- 
plutensian bibles in several languages to the college, which, 
though not the same that are now in the library, yet were 10 
undoubtedly received, for in an old register^ these bibles 
are put down as his gift to the library, together with a 
rich cope or vestment to the chapel. To King's college 
he leaves St Chrysostom and Clemens Alexandrinus in 
Greek, and to his successors in the see of Chichester his 15 
crosier and mitre garnished and set with pearl, with some 
plate, vestments and moneys to that church. Most of the 
rest of his estate was disposed of to his relations and 
servants; only his sapphire ring, the gift of Henry the 
Eighth, he leaves to the archbishop of York, who had 20 
been known to him at Cambridge, having been chaplain 
to the university* till the year 1531-2, when that office 
is disposed of to Mr Rydley of Pembroke, as void by 
the departure of Master Nicholas Hethe late fellow of 
Clare-hall. 25 

When the king had a design of founding some new 
collegiate churches, Dr Day was designed for the deanery of 

He died at London Aug. 2nd, and was buried at 
Chichester in his own cathedral, 1556. 30 

De Georgio Daio Epo Cicestr. 
Daiiis est musis commendatisslmus ipsis, 

Nee calamo felix indiget ille meo. 
Attamen hie cupio veteris meminisse sodalis, 

Ingenuum juveni quem mihi Granta dedit. 35 

Leland. Encomia. 

1 Regr. acad. an. 1533. ^ Inter archiva. 

2 From Sir R. Raines, judge of * Ex regro acad. an. 1531-2. 
the Prerog. 

Elected July 4th an. 1535. 

The king seems to have removed Dr Day with some 
design to try the college obedience, for whereas they had 
petitioned him before to have a member of their own, and 
had signified the large choice they had amongst themselves, 
5 and he had gratified them in their desires by recommending 
a deserving member of their own body, and yet they had 
been refractory; he now passed them all by, and picked 

, out a man that had been of another house, now absent 
from the university. This was Dr John Tayler, sometime 

lo fellow of Queens' college and proctor of the university, 
who, however deserving he might otherwise be or fitted for 
another station, yet being a stranger to the society, where 
there were so many other men of equal worth, it was a 
little hard upon them and some trial of their obedience to 

15 bring him over them. However they were too much 
alarmed with the last election to venture to offend the king 
the second time, and therefore he was unanimously elected 
and a return made to court of their choice ' on the fourth of 
July this year. 

20 But forced elections are seldom happy, as appeared in 
this ; for, bating the two first years which were pretty easy, 
when Mr Ascham^, having a pupil to prefer, compliments 
him upon the happiness of his government, in all the suc- 
ceeding years he had continual uneasiness with his fellows. 

25 The divisions and heats, that had been pretty well allayed, 

1 An. 1538. Exregro coll. ^ Lib. 1, epist. 11. 


116 ST John's college. 

broke out under him into open flames, and after great 
struggles and long contending betwixt him and his fellows 
(wherein the master with the less part will usually have the 
better), the other part thinking themselves aggrieved, two or 
three of their party being actually expelled in the heat of 5 
their opposition and in defence (as they supposed) of their 
common rights, and others whom they had chose being 
not admitted, after no other remedy could be had, they at 
last brought in the bishop of Ely their visitor upon him. 

The visitation was opened April 5th an. 1542^ before lo 
William Mey LL.D. the bishop's chancellor at Queens' 
college, where Mr Henry Cumberford and Mr Henry San- 
derson as proxies appeared in the name of the rest of their 
brethren the appellants, viz, John Seton, Thomas Crosley, 
Thomas Watson, Albain Langdale, Thomas Peacocke, 15 
Richard Becke, Eichard Faucet, John Young, William 
Blaxton, George Bullocke, Christopher Brown, William 
Manley, Thomas Canterell, Robert Hebletwhaite, William 
Leper, Ralph Canterell, George Wheatley and John Raw- 
linson, the greater and sounder part of all the fellows then 20 
present ; and having alledged their grievances and offered 
to make proof of them against the master, he was cited to 
appear before the bishop within a certain day. 

This was May the 2nd, when the bishop himself re- 
pairing to the college and having taken his place in the 25 
chapel, the master with the fellows his adherents, as well 
as the other fellows the appellants, being all called did 
make their appearance before him. The bishop then was 
Goodrich, a man of a sweet temper and a lover of peace, 
who after a passionate exhortation to concord and agreement 30 
advised them to withdraw and confer amongst themselves ; 
which having done, in order to come at some expedient, 
and having weighed the matter more calmly with regard to 
themselves and their own danger, as well as in confidence 
of the bishop's impartiality, they resolved by compromise 35 
to refer the whole matter to him, and all of them stipulated 
to stand to his determination. 

Thus doubly empowered, after some days' deliberation 

^ Ex regro Goodrich. 


the bishop appeared again in person, and by virtue of this 
compromise of the master and fellows, as well as by his 
visitatorial power, came to this short determination : that the 
three deprived fellows, viz. Mr Saunders, Becke and Faucet, 
5 submitting themselves to the master and promising obedi- 
ence for the future, should be restored to their former state 
in every thing and receive the emoluments of their fellow- 
ships ; that all the fellows that were chosen in the last 
election should be admitted by the master and received as 

lo fellows, one Leaver only excepted, whom they all promised 
to choose the next election, if no such objection were 
brought against him as might repel or hinder him from 
being chosen. And lest the college might suffer prejudice 
by none being admitted to one of Mr Ashton's fellowships, 

15 it was ordered^ that Sir Christopherson, who had been 
chosen into a foundress' fellowship last election, should be 
removed to a fellowship of Mr Ashton's foundation, with 
this provision, that such translation should not be drawn 
into example, being of ill consequence if occasionally made 

20 use of. And lastly he ordained, that all the fellows appel- 
lants should humbly submit themselves to the master and 
should pay him all due obedience in licitis et honestis, as 
became them ; and so adjourned his visitation, which was 
continued by prorogations a great part of the following year, 

25 till every thing as ordered and decreed was made good and 

This Leaver, who is here excepted, was Thomas Leaver 
of the same county with Christopherson, and had the same 
title to that fellowship ; who, though he could not now be 

30 admitted fellow, was nine years after admitted master of the 
college, being then just B.D. and very young. What the 
reasons were for stopping his admission I cannot be positive, 
whether it were to make room for Mr Saunders, who does 
not appear amongst the appellants, or whether he had been 

35 too warm against the master, having much warmth and 
zeal in his temper, that afterwards shewed itself when re- 
straints were removed ; but he came in the next election. 
Christopherson did not continue here long, for as he came 

^ ReoT. Goodrich. 

118 ST John's college. 

hither from Pembroke hall, so upon the foundation of 
Trinity college he with John Young and some others of the 
most flourishing parts were removed thither and admitted 
into that society, where he was afterwards master, as his 
two predecessors, Redmain and Bill the two first masters 5 
of that house, had been likewise fellows with him of the 
same society. 

I have put down the names of all the appellants, that 
some judgement may be made of the controversies then de- 
pending ; for it may easily be observed, that as most of these lo 
appellants were northern men, or in northern foundations, 
and most of them men of the old learning, as the distinc- 
tion then went, so most of the other party were otherwise 
in their persons and opinions. And though the bishop of 
Ely did his part to heal these divisions, for which he had 15 
the college thanks^ by a letter dispatched to him by Mr 
Cheke^ and Mr Comberford, two leading men of the dif- 
ferent parties, and though they promised fairly to improve 
his good offices and ordinances to a mutual agreement, yet 
the divisions were kept up and could not be healed in 20 
several succeeding years. 

In this letter to the bishop of Ely there is mention of 
some obscure and intricate passages in their statutes, which 
they desire him to explain as visitor : these obscurities or 
ambiguities gave the first rise or pretence to the alteration 25 
of these statutes, which was undertaken soon after by 
application to the king. Who was at the bottom of this 
design will be easily imagined; the king's statutes were 
given in 1545 : Dr Day was then bishop of Chichester and 
in favour at com-t, Mr Cheke was sent for to court July 30 
10, 1544, to be preceptor to the prince, and Dr Tayler had 
interest there : his fellows had been uneasy to him mider 
the original constitution, and were to be curbed with new 

They were probably penned or revised by Mr Cheke, 35 
than whom no man could have done them better, though 
they are in a great measure borrowed from bishop Fisher's 

1 Ex regro coll. contra magistrum statutaque. [Also 

2 Cheke, in a letter to bishop in Havercamp, Script, de Ling. Gr. 
Gardiner then chancellor, [ed. Bas. ii. 369.] 

1555.] p. 2285 styles this lumultum 


statutes iu such particulars where they are not intended to 
contradict them : they are ushered in with a preface, shew- 
ing the reasons for altering these statutes, that they were 
found ohscure and ambiguous in several particulars, which 
5 had given occasion to discord and disturbances in the col- 
lege, and that there were some things in them iniquiora et 
quce de justa rerum descriptione paululum deflexerant^, and 
these things were to be reduced to a more moderate form. 
What these obscurities and ambiguities were is hard to say, 

I o for all men do not see alike ; and therefore I shall endea- 
vour to trace out those particulars that were thought to be 
unjust or unequal, by pointing out some of the most mate- 
rial corrections, and leave the judgement of them to be made 
by others. 

15 By these statutes^ there was to be a master and twelve 
seniors (the master's stipend was almost doubled with some 
new advantages) and only one mediety of the seniors and 
no more were to be of the nine northern counties: and 
whereas by the original establishment these nine counties 

20 were to have at least one half of all the fellows and scho- 
lars of the foundation according to the foundress' inten- 
tion, by these statutes they could only have so many at 
most and it was scarce possible for them to have so many : 
for whereas before private foundations were no bar to any 

25 county, it was now otherwise, these private foundations 
were to come into account, so that where there were two 
fellows or scholars in for private founders in any county, 
that county was full and could have no advantage from the 

30 And whereas by the original establishment'' there were 
to be twenty-eight fellows and twenty-two scholars for the 
foundress and four fellows and two scholars for bishop Fisher, 
being of his own private foundation; by this new esta- 
blishment^ there were to be thirty-two fellows and twenty- 

35 four scholars (besides three for other uses) for the foundress 
and none for bishop Fisher. The mark per quarter formerly 
allowed to his four fellows was now placed to account to 
the four seniors of the foundation, and the £12 per annum 

1 Statuta Hen. 8". in prsefat. ^ Tit. de socioruni et discip. qua- 

* Stat. Hen. 8". an. 1545. litat. 

120 ST John's college. 

usually allowed to six of the fellows, 405. each, for his 
trentals, was now to be divided amongst six or more of 
the fellows who were to pray for the foundress, without 
any mention of bishop Fisher. 

And whereas he had founded four examinators and two 5 
readers of the Greek and Hebrew tongue, all these were 
retained upon the new establishment, and 40s. allowed to 
each examinator, and £4 per annum to each reader, with a 
profound silence of the bishop. In the last place, whereas 
by his private statutes so much moneys was to be distri- lo 
buted amongst the master, fellows and scholars at his 
dirge or exequies, the like distribution' was to be made 
and the same proportion to be observed, the bishop being 
left out and this placed to the account of the foundress. 

Thus these statutes ordain. How they were executed 15 
will appear from the books, where the same year these 
statutes were given, the same four fellows that were capel- 
lani for bishop Fisher, viz. Dr Seton the noted logician, Mr 
Horn afterwards bishop of Winchester, Mr FaWden and 
Mr Thompson, receive stipend the first quarter jpro epis- 20 
copo Boffensi, and the three following quarters receive the 
like stipend of a mark pro fundatrice. And so of the rest, 
the dirge, lectures, etc. 

This indeed was doing right to the foundress in an 
abundant manner ; which, since it was done by the king, 25 
I will not question : he might possibly look upon all 
bishop Fisher's good estates settled upon the college as es- 
cheated or confiscated to the crown, and being so his own, 
might be willing in this easy way to make a further com- 
pensation to the college for their losses sustained from that 30 
quarter. Whatever other reasons he had, I pretend not to 
know them (for if the bishop died possessed of any of the 
foundress' plate or jewels, they came to the king). But 
princes have often secret reasons that are not to be pene- 
trated by other men, and these being too deep for me, I 35 
shall leave them to God Almighty. 

This I may say, that the king's statutes and the 
bishop's are flatly contrary in these particulars, so there 

1 Tit. de cultu Dei. 


must "be hardship on the one hand or the other : and if it 
lies on the bishop's side, the king surely has not said 
enough, for then the bishop's statutes did not only de justa 
rerum descriptione jjaululum dejiectere. 

5 One thing was omitted in these statutes mentioned in 
the former ; the bond was left out, given by the fellows at 
their admission, not to accept dispensation with their oath 
or statutes, which might usefully have been retained, might 
it not have been thought a limiting the king's supremacy, 

I o though it was no more than what had been formerly done 
for the pope's. And one other thing is added, that might 
have been omitted, for it c»mes in Y&rj oddly ^; there was 
to be every year a lord at Christmas, whose duty is there 
prescribed at large, which gave occasion to such an abuse 

15 as could never be regulated, till it was at last wholly laid 

aside. The bishop of E-ly was continued visitor, under 

such limitations as the king by his supreme power could 

more unquestionably and more effectually put upon him. 

But I have enlarged too much upon these statutes,' 

20 which are now of no force, and indeed of no use in dis- 
covering the foundress' intention, which may be had 
better from the old statutes. At the close of these statutes 
is added the name of P. or W. Lylly, which has given 
occasion to a certain person^ to suppose them' to have been 

25 penned by W. Lylly the famous grammarian, who had 
been dead twenty years before, and this W. Lilly, who- 
ever he was, had probably no other hand in them than as 
a scribe in copying them over. 

' It might have been expected that these statutes would 

30 have given peace to the college, as was intended, and pro- 
bably so they might, had they observed somewhat more of 
temper, and had not turned the bias too much the other 

■ way : but whilst the men were the same, and the statutes 
so very opposite to the temper of those that were to be 

35 governed by them, they rather provoked new heats than 
any ways allayed the old ones, and the divisions broke out 
again so outrageously, that Dr Tayler the very next year 
was obliged to abdicate the government. Mr Parker^ says 

1 Tit. de hid. venat. et aucup. - MS, D. M. 

3 SkeX. Cantabr. 

122 ST John's college. 

lie was ejected, but, as he mistakes the time, so, I suppose, 
he is mistaken in the thing. It was only an involuntary 
resignation, or abdication. For the same form of words, 
that was made use of^ upon the books for Dr Metcalf, does 
afterwards serve for Dr Tayler, the date and names being 5 
only altered. 

There is a letter^ from him some years before to Dr 
Butts, wherein he offers, that if the king would please to 
bestow on him some prebend^ towards the maintenance of 
his house at Lincoln (being then dean), he would imme- lo 
diately resign his mastership to be disposed of by the king, 
(which was no large compliment, if the king had known 
how weary he was of that preferment), and adds some 
other reasons, which for his honour and with regard to his 
memory I shall conceal: he did not resign till under the 15 
succeeding king, though very early in that reign; and 
though the court had then another man in view, yet that 
he had any compensation then made him*, I cannot say; 
for he was not promoted to the see of Lincoln till the 
latter end of that reign. 20 

He was of Queens' college^, where he was elected 
fellow about the year 1524, having commenced B.A. the 
year before®, together with Matthew Parker afterwards 
archbishop of Canterbury and one of the Ridleys, pro- 
bably he that was afterwards bishop of London, two very 25 
bright and shining ornaments of the university. Li the 
year 1532-3 he was chose one of the proctors, which being 
a year of action and business gave him opportunities of 
making himself known. By the king's favour he became 
rector of St Peter's^ Cornhill London, and dean® of 30 

1 Liber rub. by Dr William Butts the king's phy- 

2 Archiv. coll. sician and favourite ; instituted there 

3 Prebend, of Coringham 1548. Apr. 14, 1536. 

B. W. ® Dean of Lincoln an. 1538, not, 

^ He had the prebend of Coring- as has been commonly supposed, 

ham, in the church of Lincoln, in 1 54^ j collated to the prebend of 

which he was installed Mar. 16, 1548, Bedford Min. Feb. 3, 1539; which, 

upon the resignation of Thomas Mag- I presume, he resigned, if he were 

nus. the same John Tayler; I know of 

^ MS. Tenison. no other of both his names, that was 

^ Eegr. acad. then S.T.P., as he is then styled. 

'' He was presented to St Peter's 


Lincoln, and held a small prebend as dean of that clmrch, 
as he says in his letter to Dr Butts, where he OAvns all his 
preferments to the king's bounty, and says, he looked for 
nothing of the gift of any of the bishops. But he was after- 
5 wards bishop of Lincoln, and was scarce warm in that see, 
when by queen Mary's accession to the throne he suffered a 
second ejectment, and prevented further sufferings by a 
timely death. Somewhat he left the college by will, the 
particular sum does not very clearly appear^; more than 

lo that £6. 135. 4:d. was received as the bequest of Dr Tayler 
bishop of Lincoln, but as the sum was small, so it was 
slowly paid; for it was not received till the year 1566. 

He was esteemed a good man and a good divine, but 
was not the best master ; for either through his too much 

15 indulgence to his servants and relations or through his too 
eager pursuit of preferment having ventured upon some irre- 
gular steps, he has not left the most unspotted character^ in 
the college. I have often wondered how his private letters^ 
came into the college treasury, whether they were trumped 

20 up against him at the visitation, or whether being well 
wrote he had kept copies, or what other way, I shall not 
determine ; but it had been better for him they had been 

1 Liber thesanrar. ^ Black Book, fol. 204, 5, 8. 

3 Letters inter arclaiva. 

Admitted Mar. IOxh an. 1546. 

The man in view at court to succeed Dr Tayler was 
William Bill, a friend of Mr Cheke preceptor and Thomas 
Bill Esq. physician to the king, so that having two such 
powerful advocates he could not want the recommendation 
of the court. The protector's letters were sent down in his- 5 
favour, and though Mr Bill were then a very young man, 
not full two years standing bachelor of divinity, yet he 
was unanimously chose and admitted master^ March 10th 
an. 1546, and the college choice signified to the protector* 
in a letter dated the same day. 10 

He came in at a very nice juncture, at the same period 
with the reformation which he heartily favoured, which 
though a happy period for the nation, yet was not so easy 
for those that were concerned in it, especially if young and 
imexperienced in business. The state of things was va- 15 
riously perplexed ; two sorts of men chiefly and two sorts 
of difficulties he had to contend with, blindness on the one 
hand and overmuch zeal on the other : the warm reformers, 
and Mr Thomas Leaver at the head of them, were so full 
of the goodness of the design, that they could bear no 20 
delays, but were for running before authority ; Dr Madew 
the vice-chancellor, a very prudent man (for he is styled 
vir discretus upon the register of his admission as fellow) 
and very hearty for the reformation, was too slow for their 
zeal, and the master, not being able or willing to keep 25 
pace with them, kept out of the way ; they were imme- 

^ Regr. coll. ^ Black Book; fol. 174. 


diately for having tlie controversies of religion disputed 
openly in the chapel, and if the vice-chancellor would have 
given way,- they would have brought them into the public 
schools : after they had overthrown the mass in their dis- 
5 putations, because the host was not removed, the pix that 
hung over the altar was cut down by a private hand, which 
cost them some apology with the archbishop, to whom Mr 
Leaver was sent up to excuse the thing. A full account 
whereof may be had in some of Mr Ascham's epistles, 

lo particularly in one lately published in Mr Strype^, only 
there is a mistake in the date : for bishop Day being men- 
tioned in that epistle as then provost of King's college, and 
Dr Madew as vice-chancellor, which neither of them were 
in any part of the year 1548, it must be placed a year 

1 5 sooner and before October 2nd that year, when bishop Day 
resigned his provostship. And probably the same con- 
troversy was one reason of his resignation^, which was 
carried on with equal warmth in that college by the fel- 
lows there against his consent. 

20 From one of Mr Ascham's epistles^ (who was engaged 
in the same controversy with these warm men, though not 
with the same zeal, for he was no zealot in religion, as he 
shewed in the following reign), it appears that the master 
was very weary of these contentions and shewed an incli- 

25 nation to resign his mastership. But the reformation getting 
ground, having then obtained the countenance and protec- 
tion of the government, he struck in with the reforming 
party, when the thing was become regular as well as good, 
and in 1548 being chose vice-chancellor, was very forward 

30 in promoting the reformation. 

In 1549, being yet vice-chancellor, the university was 
visited by the king's commissioners, the bishops of Ely and 
Eochester, Sir William Paget and Sir Thomas Smith 
knights, John Cheke the king's preceptor, William Mey 

35 LL.D. dean of Paul's, and Tho. Wendey M.D. the king's 
physician ; and then those controversies, that had been so 
eagerly debated by private men, were openly disputed by 
the king's authority, and Dr Madew, who as vice-chancellor 

1 Memorial. [Cranm. Append.] N. 37. 
2 Haddon, Epist. Geo. Deio, p. 169. ^ Magistro col. D. Jo, 

126 ST John's college. 

had forbid these questions to be brought into the schools, 
did now maintain them publicly when he was called upon 
by authority, being then the king's professor, as the king 
himself styles him in one of his letters^ to the university, 
recommending Bucer to succeed him. 5 

The questions then maintained by him were : 

Transuhstantiatio non potest probari scri])tw(B verbis 
neqiie inde necessario colligi neque veterum ante tnille an- 
nos orthodoxorum consensu confirmari. 

In ccena nulla est alia Christi ablatio, nisi mortis ejus lo 
commemoratio et gratiarum actio. 

The opponents^ were Dr Glyn, Mr Langdail, Segiswick, 
Young and Parker of Trinity college, who opposed in their 
silk hoods. Dr Madew answered in his cope, and as it is 
said. My lord of Rochester helped Br Madew, and as he saw ^5 
cause, so he made answer unto every one of the repUers, and 
soluted their arguments, shewing very much learning, to the 
great comfort of the auditors: and lastly the said lord of 
Rochester determined the questions scholastico more. 

The same questions were afterwards maintained in the 20 
affirmative by Dr Glyn, opposed by Mr Perne, Grindall, 
Guest and Pilkington ; and again in the negative by Mr 
Perne. The particulars are too many to be related; the 
whole was concluded by my lord of Rochester, appointed by 
the rest of the visitors and the noblemen to determine the truth 25 
of the said questions, every man of them standing bareheaded 
all the time of the determination, which was an whole hour ; 
which the foresaid lord did by manifest scriptures and con- 
ference of the same with the authority of the most ancient 
doctors, both loise, learnedly and godly concluding, that there 30 
was not transubstantiation to be proved nor gathered by 
scripture or ancient doctors and in the sacrament, as touching 
the first; nor yet that there was any other oblation in the 
sacrament of the supper of our Lord, but a commemoration 
of his death and a thanksgiving, as touching the second. 35 

The visitation was held in every particular college, 
beginning with St John's, whereof the vice-chancellor was 
master ; where the visitors having been entertained at the 

1 MS. coll. Corp. Chr. miscel. P. 2 ^g. coll. Corp. Ghr. 


public charge, the next day, May 7th, they- visited the 
house\ and went through with their business before night, 
whence it should seem they met with no great disorders 
therein : nor does it appear they did much there, besides 
5 placing several fellows and scholars, and besides giving 
new statutes, or rather by adding regulations and correc- 
tions to those of Henry the Eighth, though the additions 
are not many, the rasures^ are more, and those chiefly by 
taking out the venom of popery and superstition. The 

10 same was done in most of the other houses, if not in all. 
The colleges that took them up most time were Peterhouse, 
Jesus and Clare hall, in the last whereof they expelled 
the master Eowland Swinburn and Mr Pulley one of the 
fellows, and brought in Dr Madew master of that house. 

15 These proceedings were of good use to Dr Bill, by 
making his government easy during his short stay at St 
John's : for Dr Hedmayn master of Trinity, a great orna- 
ment of the university as well as of the two colleges to 
which he bore a relation, dying in November 1551, he 

20 was by the same interest with the protector removed to 
that house, where he continued till the beginning of queen 
Mary's reign, when he was ejected*, two of his own fellows 
Mr Boys and Mr Gray removing him from his stall in the 
chapel in a rude and insolent manner, to make way for 

25 Mr Christopherson. 

During that reign he lived in retirement at Sandey not 
far from Ashwell, where I find him consulted and a civil 
answer returned by him to the master and fellows, and 
having outlived the queen, was restored by queen Eliza- 

30 beth. By her, whose almoner* he was, he was promoted 
to the provostship of Eaton and the deanery of Westmin- 
ster, where he died July 15 an. 1561, was a benefactor to 
that church, and lies interred therein with this epitaph^: 

' MS. coll. Corp. Chr. seems to have been the first man 

2 These rasures and alterations preferred by the queen, being con- 
having subjected the statutes to stituted almoner presently after her 
great uncertainties, gave occasion to accession to the crown, an. 1558, 
new statutes under queen Elizabeth, Eymer, Tom. xv. p. 494. 

3 RegrT coll. Trin. ^ Keepe, Monument. Westm. p. 

4 Parker, S^eX. Cantab. He 226. 

128 ST John's college. 

Hie jacet Qui. Bill T.D. decanus Westm. jprimarms, 
coll. u.'Eton. et coll. Trinitatis apud GantahrigiaTn jprcefectus, 
et serem'ss. regtnce, Eliz. summus eleemosynarius. Ohiit 15 
Jid. anno solutis 1561. 

He was of the family of the Bills of Ashwell in Hert- 5 
fordshire, no veiy opulent family, for he was very poor, 
and coming in fellow whilst fellowships were liable by a 
late act to the payment of the first fruits (soon after remit- 
ted), he could not enter upon his preferment for some time 
for want of moneys to satisfy the king. And yet the sum lo 
was not great, for John Bill of Ashwell Hertfordshire was 
afterwards bound for the payment of the moneys only in 
the sum of five marks. He does not seem to have been 
rich when he was chose master, for being then Linacer 
lecturer \ he held that lecture two years after he was master, 15 
which no man would have done that did not want it. 

As he was pressed with his own wants, so it is very 
suspicious that he was under difficulties from his friends, 
for his two patrons John Cheek and Thomas Bill Esq", had 
two college leases^ granted them very early, Bidgwell and 20 
Higham, two of the best the college had, and that many 
years before they were expired. In Mr Cheke's lease of . 
Ridgwell a consideration is mentioned, the great services 
he had done the college, but that Thomas Bill Esq. did 
ever do any service to the society, I have not heard ; or if 25 
he had, it should have been rewarded another way. 

At Trinity^ he has deserved a place amongst their best 
masters, especially for his prudence and temper, both which 
he had occasion to use whilst he presided over that society : 
and if he has shewn any frailties or failings here, allow- 30 
ances must be made for difficult times and potent courtiers 
that are not easily resisted. 

In all his difficulties he had a sure friend of Dr Madew, 
and a constant correspondent, when that doctor as vice- 
chancellor solicited the business of the university at court 35 
and at London; some of whose letters* are yet preserved 

^ Liber thesaurar. in-law. 

2 Besides the parsonage of Horn- ^ E.egr. coll. Trin. 

ingsey, which was granted to John * Inter archiva. 
Blithe M.D. Mr Cheke's brother- 


in Latin and English ; in one whereof he sends his duty to 
Bill as master, and in the same letter gives him directions 
as vice-chancellor. That unhappy man (who had been 
esteemed in the university as few men ever were) was like- 
5 wise ejected under queen Mary, and might doubtless have 
attained to great preferments, had he kept his integrity and 
survived his misfortunes ; but he died in that reign in 
Buckingham college in a very forlorn condition, and must 
have been denied christian burial, had not the bishop of 

lo Lincoln (where he had been a prebendary) sent his letters 
testimoniaP signifying that he was reconciled in St Ive's 
church April the 13th an. 1555. 

This master by his wilP dated Mail 6 an. 1561 and 
proved Decern. 17 the same year leaves to Trinity college 

1^ ad cedijicationem novi templi 100 marcas, jpauperihus studi- 
osis ibid. 10 l%b.^ joauperihus studiosis coll. Joh. Cant. 
20 lih.^ 'pauperihus de Ashwell com. Hert. 3 lib. etc. and 
appoints Sir William Cecill and Sir Eobert Catlin knights 
his executors. To the college of Westminster he is a con- 

2o siderable benefactor, as likewise to Eton. 

^ Dat. August. i8, 1555. MS. coll. Corp. Chr. miscellan. P. 
2 Eegr. curiae prterog. Cantuar. 

Admitted December 10th, 1551, Regiis Litems. 

The person tliat succeeded Dr Bill was a man of as 
much natural probity and blunt native lionestj as the 
college ever bred, a man without guile and artifice, that 
never made court to any patron or for any preferment, one 
that had the spirit of Hugh Latimer ; no one can read his 5 
sermons without imagining he has somewhat before him of 
Latimer or Luther. And yet though his sermons be bold 
and daring and full of rebuke, it was his preaching that 
helped him to his preferment, the men at court being either 
afraid of him, or his rebuking the courtiers having pro- lo 
cured him reverence with the king. 

He was admitted master December'"^ 10th, 1551 ; the year 
before he preached two sermons, the one at Paul's Cross, 
the other before the king, that would have spoiled any 
man's preferment at this day : and because what he says 1 5 
may be depended upon as true, and there are several 
passages in these sermons illustrating the history of the 
university by shewing the state of learning in that age, 
their way of living and the course of their studies, as 
well as the manner of preaching in those days, I shall 20 
put down one or two passages from these sermons, that 
may likewise serve to describe the author in his address 
and temper. 

Having spoke of the late king's bounty in giving £200 

^ Ordained deacon by Eidley bishop of London June 24, and priest by 
the same bishop Aug. 10, 1550, 
^ Eegr. coll. 


yearly towards the exhibition of five learned men to read 
and teach divinity, law, physic, Greek and Hebrew, and 
of his munificence in founding Trinity college and other 
bounties, he goes on^: 
5 " Howbeit all they that haue knowen the vniuersitye 
" of Cambryge sence that tyme that it dyd fyrst begynne 
" to receiue these greate and manyefolde benefytes from the 
"kynges maiestye, at. youre handes, haue iuste occasion 
" to suspecte that you haue deceyued boeth the kynge 

lo " and vniuersitie, to enryche youre seines. For before that 
" you dyd begynne to be the disposers of the kynges 
"lyberalitye towardes learnyng and pouerty, ther was in 
" houses belongynge vnto the vniuersitye of Cambryge, 
"two hundred studentes of dyuynytye, many verye well 

15 "learned: whyche bee nowe all clene gone, house and 
" manne, young towarde scholers, and old fatherlye Doc- 
"tors, not one of them lefte: one hundred also of an 
" other sorte, that hauynge rich frendes or beying benefyced 
" men dyd lyue of theym selues in Ostles and Innes, be 

20 "eyther gon awaye, or elles fayne to crepe into Colleges, 
" and put poore men from bare lyuynges. Those bothe 
" be all gone, and a small number of poore godly dyly- 
" gent studentes nowe remaynynge only in Colleges be not 
" able to tary and contynue their study e in y^ vniuersitye 

25 " for lacke of exibicion and healpe. There be dyuers 
" ther which ryse daily betwixt foure and fyue of the 
" clocke in the mornynge, and from fyue until syxe of the 
" clocke, vse commen prayer wyth an exhortacion of gods 
" worde in a common chappell, and from sixe vnto ten of 

30 " the clocke vse euer eyther priuate study or commune 
" lectures. At ten of the clocke they go to dynner, where 
"as they be contente wyth a penye pyece of biefe a- 
"mongest .iiii. hauynge a fewe porage made of the 
"brothe of the same byefe, wythe salte and otemel, and 
35 "nothynge els. 

"After thys slender dinner they be either teachinge 
" or learnynge vntyll v. of the clocke in the euening, 
" when as they haue a supper not much better then theyr 

1 A Sermon | preached at Pauls | Crosse, the .xiiii. day 1 of December, 
by I Thomas Le = luer| Anno ,M.D. | L. | [fol. E i v°.] 


132 ST John's college. 

" diner. Immedyatelye after tlie wliyclie, tliey goo eyther 
'■ to reasonyng in probleraes or vnto some other studye, 
" untyl it be nyne or tenne of the clocke, and there beyng 
" wy thout fyre, are fayne to walk or runne up and downe 
" halfe an lioure, to gette a heate on their feete whan they 5 
" go to bed." 

Ill another place^ he has this passage: 

" The Kynges Magestye that deade is, dyd gyue a 
" Benefyce to be appropriate vnto the vniuersitye of Cam- 
abridge, in liheram et pur am eliemosinam : as free and lo 
" pure ahnes. Howe be it, hys hands were so vnpure, 
" which shoukl haue deliuered it, that he receiued .vi. hun- 
" dreth ponndes of the vniuersitye for it. Whether that 
" thys .vi. C. poundes were conueied to the kings behoofe 
" priuelye for that Almes, whyche by playne wrytynge 15 
" was giuen frely, or els put into some Judas pouch, I 
" would it were knowen. For nowe, by such charitable 
" Almes, the king is slaundered, the parishe vndone, and 
" the vniuersitye in worse case then it was afore. 

"Pleaseth it your Magestye — heare what hath bene 20 
" done in your tyme " — and then goes on to acquaint the 
king with the abuses and alienations, in colleges, grammar 
schools, etc., and particularly in Sedberg schooP, then and 
now in the patronage of St John's college. 

I have the rather mentioned tliis passage, because the 25 
life of this man of unpure hands has been lately wrote by 
one of his family and lodged in the public library, with 
design, I suppose, to preserve the memory of a benefactor, 
for herein the donation of this benefice seems to be at- 
tributed to him. The patronage of Burwell rectory was his 30 
inheritance and appropriated to the university of Cambridge 
hy his solicitation and favour with the hing, and {as we 

- ^ A Sermon | preached the thyrd ] G. Bill prEeTecto. 
Sor.d-iyeinLente be Ifore the Kyngs This sermon might probably for- 

Ma=!iestie, ... by Thomas Leauer. ward a compensation, for an. ism 

an. dni. 1550. [fol. D 8 v°.] in April a grant is made from the 

2 This alienation at Sedberg was crown to Sedberg school to the va- 

made in Dr Bill's time upon promise lue of £10. per annum and upwards, 

of a compensation by a potent cour- See Strype's Eccles. Mem. Vol 11 

tier. [Bk. 2. c. 33.] p. 536. 

Ex litter, coll. dat. Cal. Octobr. 


firmly believe) at his own charge^. I have no doubt of 
the belief of this honourable person, though at the same 
time my own belief must rest upon Mr Leaver, as well from 
the integrity of the man, as because what he says of £600 
5 is sufficiently confirmed from the archives of the university ^ 
That living cost us dear, and the moneys not being to be 
raised otherwise, it was the first occasion^ of draining the 
chests, which have been since almost empty, and nothing 
now to shew for them but auditors and keys. 

J° Notwithstanding the pressures this and other colleges 
were under in point of maintenance, which Mr Leaver com- 
plains of in his sermons, occasioned by the courtiers' invad- 
ing church preferments (that were intended as rewards of 
learning) by racking their tenants, formerly accustomed to 

15 easy rents whilst a great part of the lands of the nation 
were in the hands of the church, by their neglect of hospi- 
tality which ought to have been kept up, and by their want 
of charity which had formerly been maintained, yet the 
college flourished in learning, and what usually attends it, 

20 in the true religion. The reformation nowhere gained 
more ground Or was more zealously maintained, than it did 
here under this master's example and the influence of his 
government : as appeared best in the day of trial, when he 
with twenty-four of his fellows quitted their preferments to 

25 preserve their innocence. 

For upon king Edward's death and the return of 
popery and superstition, to the which he bore a perfect 
abhorrence, he with two brothers of his name fled to 
Arow in Switzerland, where he was preacher to a congre- 

30 gation, and held a friendship and correspondence with 
Bullinger and Calvin and received from them a tincture 
very prejudicial to his future preferment. It was really 
well he would condescend to fly, for he seemed to be made 
for martyrdom ; his testimonials are entered upon the 

35 books* in rubric characters, whether from some inward 
bodings or with what other intent was best known to him- 

1 MS. p. 51. Since printed with ^ MS. coll. Corp. Clir, 
other things, 8vo. ^ Black Book, 

2 Apud Hare Collect. Vol. III. 

134 ST John's college. 

self, but they are the only testimonials that stand there 
in red. 

Under queen Elizabeth he returned to England, but 
never to his mastership, having brought with him that un- 
happy tincture that unqualified him for greater preferments. 5 
James Pilkington, who had been fellow under him and 
succeeded him as master (though not immediately) being 
promoted to the see of Durham, he accepted the hospital of 
Sherburn near Durham \ to which he was collated January 
28th, 1562, then void by the death of Ralph Skinner ; and lo 
the year after ^ was collated to a prebend in that church, 
both which preferments he held, as I suppose, by some 
connivance from the bishop. 

He was deprived of his prebend an. 1567^, but held his 
hospital to his dying day, when he was succeeded by one 15 
of his name, Ralph Levir M.A., his brother, as I sup- 
pose, and fellow of St John's, who was collated to Sher- 
burn hospital July 16 an. 1577, as then void by the death 
of Thomas Levir B.D. He is said to have died^ at Ware 
in his journey from London to Durham ; he lies buried (or 20 
has a cenotaph) in the chapel at Sherburn under a fair 
marble with this epitaph : 

Thomas Leaver preacher to king Edward if Sixth, he dyed 
in July, 1577. 

Preaching indeed was his talent (though in a very dif- 25 
ferent strain from Dr Bill) which, as it was thought fit to 
be made the only ingredient in his character, so he con- 
tinued to the last, after he was deprived. Thus much may 
be gathered from the printed Register®, that will give a very 
authentic character of the man. The passage is too long to 3° 
be transcribed at large, but thus much may justly be in- 
ferred from it in his commendation ; first, that he was so 
useful a person that he was permitted to preach after his 
deprivation ; and secondly, that he was so inoffensive in his 

1 Regr. Dunelm. mistakes or has given occasion to 

2 Febr. 2. an. 1563. Eegr. ut su- Fuller to mistake the time of his 
pra. death. 

3 Eegr. Dunelm. ^ Part of a register, p. 27, etc. 
* Parker 2/ce\. Cant, who either 


temper, that no sufferings could provoke him to strike in 
and join himself with violent men. And yet in king- 
Edward's reign, when preferment was in view, no man 
had been more vehement or more galling in his sermons 
J against the waste of the church revenues and other prevail- 
ing corruptions of the court, which has given occasion to 
bishop Ridley^ to rank him for his zeal with Latimer 
and Knox. 

The thing that gave the first and great offence, his 

1° advising the queen not to accept the title of supreme 

head, though it was borrowed from Calvin^, yet seems to 

have been done with temper and with regard to bring the 

bishops into the church and government'. Calvin wrote 

that comment in queen Mary's reign, when the dangers 

^5 were visible of lodging such a power in the queen, and 

Mr Leaver was so honest as to apply the doctrine home to 

queen Elizabeth, though possibly it was the title that most 

offended him. But this was no reign for such doctrines, 

nor indeed for such preaching as Mr Leaver's, who had 

2o been well heard by king Edward's courtiers, though they 

would not amend ; under queen Elizabeth they were so far 

from mending, that they would not hear: so it was in vain 

for the charmer to charm any longer. 

He was a married man, entered into that state upon his 
25 return from exile and sooner than he could very safely do 
it : some of his name and family are yet or were lately 
living in the diocese of Durham. And might not that be 
some bar to his return to his mastership ? for the queen at 
first only connived at the marriage of the clergy, and after- 
30 wards by her injunction* there was no room for mistresses 
within the walls of a college. 

He gave Ludovic. Coelius E-hod.^ as his predecessor 

Dr Bill did Suidas, to the library. Books of his own 

composing were, his Sermons in a small volume, that used 

35 to be lodged timongst our MSS., since tossed out of place 

^ Lamentation of bishop Eidleyin ^ Dat. Aug. 9 an. reg. 3*^°. Hare 

Fox,Mart.Vol.iii.p.5i7.[ed.i63r.] Collect. Vol. iir. 

2 In Amos. Cap. 7, v. 13. ^ Ex archivis coll. That which 

3 Hist. Refor. Vol. 11. Collect. is now in the library was not his 
[Bk. 3. no. 2.] p. 332. gift. 

136 ST John's college. 

by somebody that did not understand it : he has likewise 
published The Right Way from danger of Sin and Ven- 
geance unto godly Wealth, and Mr Strype^ has published 
for him a letter of his to Mr Fox, shewing his style in 
Latin not to have been bad. Amongst his works a com- 5 
ment on the Lord's Prayer is mentioned by Bale^ with a 
fair character of the author, as he well deserves, having 
been one of the best masters as well as one of the best men 
the college ever bred, 

1 Memor. [Cranm. Bk. 3, c. 15.] p. 360. = Cent, 9. num. 86. 


Admitted September 28, 1553. 

Upon king Edward's death and queen Mary's accession 
to the throne, the nation having been too warm for a man 
of Mr Leaver's zeal, who quitted the college in September 
1553, Thomas Watson B.D. (though absent) was elected 
5 master, and admitted (in the person of Christopher Brown 
his proxy) by John Young vice-chancellor, then fellow of 
Trinity college, at his chamber there, B-oger Ascham 
M.A. being present as president of St John's, with several 
other fellows of that society. The instrument^ of his 

lo admission is dated September 28, 1553, wherein he is 
said to be of the diocese of Durham, which cannot be 
meant of his being dean there, for he was not dean of 
Durham^ till ISTovem^ber 18 the same year. 

His diocese is likewise fixed by his admission as fellow, 

15 for he was capellanus for Mr Ashton at the same time 
with Christopherson, Leaver and Langdail ; the two former 
of these were of Lancashire, as Mr Langdale was of York, 
so that Mr Watson by his propriety, which was then nicely 
observed, must have been of Durham. 

20 I haves often enquired after him, there is a very old 
man of the name and family of Watson yet living in that 
county; of Watson bishop of Chichester (his near kins- 
man) he gives a good account, that he was born at Nun 
Stainton in that county with other particulars ; of our 

25 Thomas Watson he knows little more, than that he sup- 
poses him to have brought the bishop's father thither, 

^ Inter archiva. ^ Kegr. Tunstal. fol. 45. 

138 ST John's college. 

when he was dean of Durham, and that both he and the 
bishop were related to the Rockingham family, which is 
confirmed by the arms they bore. 

He was elected fellow in 1533, having commenced 
A.B. the same year^ with two other persons of equal 5 
note, John Ponett and John Kees (for so he is wrote 
upon the register), the worthy founder of Caius college. 
He continued in the house most part of Henry the Eighth's 
reign, held such offices as were then most valued, was 
dean and college preacher several years, and commenced lo 
B.D. an. 1543. 

Where he lived or how in king Edward's time is not 
so very certain. He left his fellowship about the second 
year of that reign, and though he is said to have sub- 
scribed^, yet he always kept up an interest with bishop 15 
Gardiner, that afterwards turned to good account. It is 
plain from another instance that he was much in the con- 
fidence of that party, which was likewise of some use to 
him ; for an original of bishop Fisher's statutes being left 
with him in trust, as he brought them along with him, so 20 
it is probable they helped to bring him to the college. 

Under him these statutes revived, fellows were chose 
and bonds^ were given in the usual manner to him as 
master in pursuance of these statutes. There were like- 
wise fellows for bishop Fisher, though it must be con- 25 
fessed they were never more than three in this reign*, 
probably because the college had received no compensation 
for the loss of his furniture seized by the crown and never 
made good by the queen, though she had been applied to 
and addressed to that purpose ; wherein she was wanting 30 
to the memory of a faithful servant, who in some sense 
died her martyr. 

His lectures etc. were likewise placed to his account 
and three fellows the first year were allowed for trentals 

1 Regr. acad. chaplain to the bishop five years 

2 Bucer,ScriptaAiigl. p.933. Fox, and held two benefices of the pa- " 
■Vol.Ili. p. 772. [ed.1631]. An. 1551 tronage of the said bishop, -whereof 
he was in the family and chaplain Wike in Dorset was one. 

to Gardiner bishop of Winchester. ^ Inter archiva. 

V. Fox, Mart. Edit. t. p. 809. Ibid. ^ j>e~_ ,,q||_ ^jj^g^, t^^ggg^yj.^ 

P- 837* Watson had then been 


thougli after the cardinal's visitation tliey were advanced 
to four\ and probably his fellowships would have been 
completed, had things continued longer in that state, which 
for greater reasons we cannot wish. 
5 Dr Watson's prefecture here was very short, for he 
went off within the year, having been promoted to the 
deanery of Durham, a very good preferment, had it not 
been his misfortune to succeed upon a bad title to Mr Horn 
at Durham, as he did Mr Leaver here, both of them his 

lo old friends and both of them fellows of the same house. 

He was a man of polite learning, well skilled in poetry 
and oratory and so nice in his compositions, that having 
composed a tragedy entitled Absalom^ approved by the 
severest critics in the university, yet he would never suffer 

15 it to be published, only because in locis paribus an ana- 
pa3stus was twice or thrice used instead of an iambus. He 
was not only learned himself, but an encourager of that 
sort of learning : Mr Ascham, who was about the same 
standing in the college, usually ranks him with Cheek, 

20 Smith and Redmain, the three great restorers of that sort 
of learning in the university, and styles him one of the 
best scholars that college ever bred. 

How he happens to be noted for his skill in school 
divinity by bishop Burnet^ and others, I do not know ; he 

25 did not learn it in the college, nor was it very agreeable 

" with his other studies either of poetry or eloquence, and it 
appears as little from what he has published, being only 
sermons*. It is true, he was employed in some conferences 
and disputations, but so others were that were not much 

30 read in school divinity. 

He commenced D.D. in 1554^, being then likewise 
absent, was consecrated bishop of Lincoln 1557, the same 

^ Liber thesaur. of liini that the estimation he had in 
^ Ascham's Schoolmaster passim. the pope's church was such, that 
3 He seems to be mistaken for Dr whatever was known to be of his do- 
John Watson, who was a noted ing, was of that sort thought to be 
school divine and is styled Scotist by so learnedly done, that none could be 
Erasmus, Epist. pp. i6i, i66, 1882, found amongst us able to answer. V. 
Edit. Lugd. [1703.] Crowley's letter to Thomas Watson, 

* Two of his sermons were an- D.D. [fol. A. 3.] 
swered by Kobert Crowley, who says I Regr. acad. 

140 ST John's college. 

year that he was employed with others In visiting the 
university by cardinal Pole, and was deprived an. 1559 
for refusing the oath of supremacy, a thing the more 
strange, because in several instruments that passed the 
seals whilst he was master of the college the queen is 5 
styled supreme head. 

He is said to have threatened queen Elizabeth with 
an excommunication ; if he did, he altered his temper or 
opinion, for in 1570 being interrogated with Fecknam, 
Cole and Harpsfield, concerning the pope's bull of excom- lo 
munication then sent over against the queen \ his answers 
(given under his hand) were very temperate and with due 
regard to his allegiance to the queen. However it were, 
he was usually under confinement in the Fleet or Mar- 
shalsea, and at last prisoner at Wisbech castle, where he 15 
died and was buried in Wisbech church an. 1584, aged 
sixty-six or sixty-seven, for at bishop Gardiner his patron's 
trial he was 33 or 34. 

The same year^ that he was confined^ at Wisbech, 
Dr Fulke was deputed by the bishop of Ely by order from 20 
court to confer with him and Fecknam and the rest of the 
prisoners, but either out of distrust of themselves or of their 
cause, or out of some disdain of his youth, as Dr Fulk 
says (though he were then above 42 years of age), or from 
the little fruit they had seen of conferences in the begin- 2,5 
ning of the queen's reign, they refused disputation, though 
it was then offered. However the conference was printed 
the next year in a stolen edition, for which the Dr was 
obliged to make some apology. 

1 Goldast. Monarch. Tom. in. p. over of Parsons and Campion Jesuits, 
66. See Important Considerations were committed to Wisbech, where 
printed by the secular priests, p. 14, they Hved in a collegiate and friendly 
where Watson is said greatly to dis- manner, no one assuming authority 
like the violent proceedings of the over the rest, till after the Jesuits 
Jesuits. came among them. See a true rela- 

2 An. 1580. tion of the faction began at Wisbech, 

3 He with Dr Fecknam, Dr Young, pr. an. 1601. 
etc.upon the alarm given by the coming 


Admitted May 12th an. 1554. 

Dr Watson having resigned about the beginning of 
May, George Bullock B.D. was elected by a very una- 
nimous consent, as is expressed in the instrument of his 
admission ; and indeed Dr Watson having made so great 
5 a purge of fellows, it was not strange that the remaining 
members should be all of a mind: though either all the 
fellowships were not voided under him, or they were not 
all filled up, for in the two first great elections under him 
and Bullock there were two and thirty fellows chosen, 

10 being about two parts of the three of the whole number. 

Mr Bullock was admitted master^ May 12th, 1554, by 
the same vice-chancellor, viz. Dr John Young; and be- 
cause this Dr Young, or Yonge (for so he writes himself), 
who was so great an ornament to the college and univer- 

15 sity, has been doubted of or mistaken for another man, I 
will set that matter right in few words. 

He was originally of St John's college, where he was 
admitted fellow an. 1536^ was removed to Trinity upon 
the foundation of that house, was there in king Edward's 

2 3 time, when he so learnedly opposed Martin Bucer, and 
was the most acute and able adversary that learned man 
ever met with in the university : the account of his dispu- 
tations, even as they are printed in Bucer's works ^, give a 
sufficient specimen of his abilities. Upon queen Mary's 

:5 coming to the crown and upon Dr Sandes' recess or eject- 

1 Ex instrumento originali inter ^ Bucer, Scripta Anglic. [732, 
archiva. 191> 8<35- 

2 Ex archivis. 

142 ST John's college. 

ment, lie was immediately chose vice-chancellor (though 
then a private fellow) for his activity and great services 
he had done the popish party in his disputations, and was 
master of Pembroke hall when Mr Bullock was admitted 
master of this house. Bishop Wren^ seems to have mis- 5 
taken the time both of his being master and vice-chancellor, 
as others have done ^ that have said anything of the man. 
I could give a much larger account of him, were it not too 
large a digression. 

As to Mr Bullock, little was done in his time by his 10 
ordinary power ; Gardiner, who was chancellor, interposed 
too much, the frequency of mandates was complained of in 
this reign, with the decay of learning, and the men of 
power were so much guided and influenced by a blind 
religion, that the ends of learning were less regarded. 15 
After Gardiner's death cardinal Pole being chosen chan- 
cellor (which choice he accepted after four months' delibe- 
ration^ April 1, 1556), though he were of a disposition very 
different from that of Gardiner, yet being under the jealou- 
sies of the pope, this did oblige him to pursue Gardiner's 20 
methods and to use some severities very disagreeable to 
the sweetness of his temper. He had accepted of this pre- 
ferment with great unwillingness ; being importuned to it, 
he could use severities with a better grace, and they that 
chose him had less reason to complain. 25 

But though he were chancellor, yet he acted with a 
higher power and under a higher character. He appointed 
a visitation* by his legatine authority January 1556-7, 
wherein men of noted severity being appointed delegates, 
there was no lenity to be expected from them, though I do 30 
not meet with any great severities in St John's college, 
the visitation having been chiefly general ; and two of the 
visitors ^ Watson and Christopherson, having been mem- 

1 De custod. Pembroch. St Mary's parish an. 1582, Oct. 20. 

2 Pits places his death under the v. Regr. 

year 1579. He survived that year, ^ Lit. MS. card. Pole acad. 

for he was with the other prisoners Cant, in custod. D. Gale, 

at Wisbech an. 1580, in which con- ^ Bucer, Scripta Anglic. [915.] 

finement he died. MS. coll. Corp. Chr. 

One John Yonge was buried in ^ The master was likewise em- 


bers of the society, it may be presumed to have met with 
all reasonable favour. 

It was not for the honour of the master of the college 
(though possibly for the advantage of the society) that in 

5 that most ridiculous, if not inhuman part of the visitation, 
where Bucer's body was to be tried and condemned and 
burnt for heresy, he appeared as an evidence against the 
body. For though having been in office, viz. proctor^ 
an. 1550, when Bucer acted as professor here at Cambridge, 

lo he was a very proper person to depose to such heresies as 
were committed in the chair, yet that ought to have put 
him in mind of the lenity of the former reign, when he and 
his associates were not only tolerated in the university, but 
were likewise suffered to act in posts of trust and honour. 

15 An account of this visitation having been printed in Bucer's 
works ^, and there being a MS. English account of it in 
Benet college library, as it was taken by John Meres, 
(from whence the Latin account has been partly borrowed) , 
I need say the less of this matter. 

20 As this visitation was held by the pope's or cardinal's 
authority, so there was another visitation® by that of the 
bishop of Ely, which though it happened two years before, 
yet I mention it here, as having been of a more private 
nature and less solemn, and seems to have had no other 

25 intention than to assert the bishop's authority according to 
the foundress' statutes and the original institution, upon 
which foot this visitation was held, and was the last that 
was ever held upon this foot. 

The truth of it is, this master's government was almost 

30 under continual visitations (for that of the cardinal was 
continued by adjournments), and after he had spent four or 
five years in unquiet times under great uneasiness, he was 
at last obliged to quit his mastership by a visitation under 
queen Elizabeth of a different nature from them both. To 

35 add affliction to his sufferings, the January* before I find 
him languishing under a fit of sickness, whgn a grace 

ployed in tMs visitation, for the ^ Script. Anglic. [915 seq.] 

cardinal's citation was brought down ^ Eegr. coll. 

by Mr Bullock. * Jan. 20. Kegr. acad. 
^ Eegr- acad. 

144 ST John's college. 

passed the house to dispense with his exercise as doctor 
till the next year. The ejected fellows begun to return 
upon him, which much disquieted him ; however he kept 
his ground till the visitation, and after his ejectment he 
with the fellows that suffered with him were civilly enter- 5 
tained^ by the college, a respect that had not been shewn 
by these men, when it was in their power to shew such 
favours as they had now occasion for. 

It is probable he and Young and some others might 
have been won, had it been endeavoured, but either the 10 
severities under the last reign had set the government 
against them, or their conduct under king Edward had 
made them be thought less worth the gaining. It is a hard 
account Dr Bullock's successor^ gives of these men in 
king Henry's and king Edward's time — all the time 0/15 
hlessed hinge Edwarde they taught, they preached, they 
subscribed, they sware and beleued all thys, that they now 
deny. As oft as they had anye lining e in anye College of 
the vniversities, as oft as they tooJce degree in the scholes, 
as oft as they toohe any benefice, and whan they were made 20 
Priests or Bysho])pes, so ofie they sweare and for swear e all 
that nowe they denye. And indeed, had they come in upon 
these principles, they were not worth the having. But I 
have a better opinion of some of them than bishop Pilking- 
ton's charity will allow them, who, having been exasperated 25 
by his sufferings or whetted with zeal, instead of fair treat- 
ment can hardly afford them decent language, as any one 
will allow that reads his book. 

From Cambridge Dr Bullock crossed the seas, and 
after some removes at last fixed at Antwerp, where he 30 
composed a large concordance printed^ at Antwerp 
an. 1572, and where after twenty years spent in devotion 
and study* he died about the year 1580, and was buried 
in the monastery of St Michael there ; having left behin 
him amongst his own party the character of a pious and 35 
learned man ; a character which I find no reason to contra- 

1 Liber thesaur. ^ By Plantin, and dedicated to 

2 Bishop Pilkington of the causes Gregory the Thirteenth. 

of burning Paul's church, &c. Lond. * Pits ad an. 1580. Awed sQ ' 

an. 1563. 8vo. [fol. H. iiii. v°.] Fox, Mart. edit. i"'*. p. 846. 


diet, though John Bale^ who seldom agrees with Pits in 
characters of men, has left a different account of him. 
That writer, who in the conclusion of the large catalogue of 
his own works says he had wiote^ facetias acjocos sine certo 
5 numero, has been facetious upon this master. They that 
delight in such sort of wit may consult the author, where 
they will find three masters facetiously described in three 
distichs under the emblem of so many animals. But 
Dr Bullock, or the bull, is principally aimed at. 

10 He was chose fellow of this college an. 29 Hen. 8'*''. 
George Day an encourager of learning being then master ; 
he was proctor of the university^ an. 1549 and 1550, 
and commenced D.D. an. 1557. Pits says he was regius 
professor; that is a mistake, but he was Margaret pro- 

15 fessor (though he has not yet been entered in that cata- 
logue) for which he received* the usual stipend the last 
year of this reign. He succeeded Dr Sedgwick in that 
preferment, who has also been ranked amongst the regius 
professors, which I shall not contradict, though it is very 

20 certain that he likewise was Margaret professor'^ in this 
reign. What preferments Dr Bullock had besides is to 
me unknown, except a prebend of Durham, to which he 
was presented by queen Mary tlie true^ and undoiibted 
patroness thereof Maii 9 an. 1554. 

25 He and Young seem to have been born and bred under 
the same stars and influences, they were admitted scholars 
and elected fellows and masters about the same year, and 
as both of them came in upon a deprivation, so they were 
both of them deprived under queen Elizabeth, though under 

30 king Edward they had complied. As they run a parallel 
in their lives, so they died about the same time, the one in 
imprisonment, the other in exile. 

^ Bale cent. 9. n. 78. instituted vicar of St Sepulchre, 

^ lb. cent. 8. n. loo, p. 705. London, then void by the depriva- 

3 Eegr. acad. tion of John Eogers. V. ISTewcourt, 

^ Comput. acad. [i. 534.] Erat rector de Munden 

5 Comput. acad. an. 1556. magna dioc. Line, deprivatus an. 

6 Eegr. Tunstal.' fol. 47, The 1559. Regr. Cant. Parker, 
same year Feb, 11, 1554, he was 


Admitted Jul. 20th, 1559. 

We are now come to a new state of tilings and a period 
very different from tlie last. Upon queen Mary's death 
the old frame was irrecoverably overturned, bishop Fisher's 
statutes were again abrogated and the king's statutes re- 
vived and came in force. Whilst Dr Bullock held his post 5 
in college in the new reign, things were in some confusion, 
and there seems to have been a mixture of the old and new 
constitution, according as parties or interests declined or 
prevailed; after the visitation came on, all matters were 
soon adjusted. lo 

A citation^ was issued out for this visitation June 21 
an. reg. 1°, by William Cecil and Anthony Coke knights, 
Matthew Parker and William Bill B.D., Walter Haddon 
and William Maye LL.D., Thomas Wendey M.D., and 
Robert Home and James Pilkington S.T.P., her majesty's 15 
commissioners to that purpose, whereby the day was fixed 
on the 7th of July following. All ordinary jurisdiction, 
all elections and other business was inhibited, so that James 
Pilkington having been admitted master July 20th, 1559, 
it must have been done by the act or with the consent of 20 
the visitors, and having been one of the visitors himself 
and so well and duly qualified for the mastership, it was 
no hard thing to make him master. 

^ James Pilkinton was son of sented by the king to the vicarage 

Richard P. and Alice Hassall, whieh of Kendal Westmoreland, which he 

said Richard died an. i°. reg. Ma- resigned the following year. 
rise, leaving George P. his heir. Ex ^ Qitatio pro visitatione insti- 

officio armorum. tnenda 7'' Jul. 1559. MS. Dris 

In December 1550 he was pre- Gale. 


At this visitation, as several regulations were made in 
particular colleges, so tliere were statutes given to tlie uni- 
versity, wliicli continued in force till the year 1570 Sept. 24, 
when they were altered and enlarged into the form they 
5 now stand in : and such regard was had to the master in 
the visitation, who was one of their number, that the elec- 
tions were left to him ; for the same month, after the visi- 
tation was over, he held an election by permission of the 
visitors \ and Richard Longworth the master's countryman 

10 was one of the first fellows that was chose. 

This Mr Pilkinton was then only B.D., for so he is 
styled^ in several public instruments, and yet in other in- 
struments being styled S. Th. professor, either a bachelor 
of divinity was capable of that title, or he was a professor 

15 of divinity in the university. And so, I suppose, he was, 
for though he has not a place amongst our professors, yet 
in his epitaph he is styled in academia 8. T. ]?i^ofessor 
disertissimus, and in Bucer's Scripta Anglicana^ he is said 
to be in theologia professor regius. 

20 He was very well qualified for that employment, for 
besides that he bore a part in the disputation at the visita- 
tion at Cambridge under king Edward, whilst Bucer was 
at Cambridge, he did voluntarily read in public upon the 
Acts of the Apostles, wherein by the testimony of that 

25 learned man^ he acquitted himself both learnedly and 
piously: and Young himself, who does not agree with 
Bucer in many things, yet falls in with him in his testi- 
mony of Pilkington's learning, who was then president of 
the college and commenced B.D. an. 1551*. It does not 

30 appear to me, nor are there any traces of it upon our public 
register, that he was ever doctor of divinity; for though 
in one of Joscelin's catalogues in the British Antiquities 
he has the title of Th. D., yet in the other catalogue, re- 
printed in the second edition of that work, he is degraded . 

^ Regr. coll. cer, printed an. 1562, Mr James 

^ Particularly in the queen's sane- Pilkinton is said to be the queen's 

tion of Tiinity college statutes dat. reader of the divinity lecture. And 

Mar, 29 an. reg. 2^°. He is there so in Fox's Martyr., edit. 1™*. p. 

styled B.D. i5S5- 

3 P. 940. In Arthur Goldyng's ^ Euceri Script. Angl. [p. 8c8.] 

translation of the burning of M. Bu- ^ Eegr. acad. 


148 ST John's college. 

to bachelor of divinity, a correction that would not easily 
have been made without a reason. And to speak the truth, 
there seems to have been too much of ceremony in this 
degree to have been agreeable to our learned professor after 
his return from exile, where he was a companion and of 5 
the same congregation with John Bale, who never cared to 
return to his bishopric, though he returned to England, no 
more than bishop Coverdale^ would do, who was out of 
love with the habits, as appeared very plainly at the con- 
secration of archbishop Parker. ^° 

It can never be forgot that it was under this master 
and his brother that Thomas Cartwright, William Fulke, 
Percival Wiburn, Leaver the younger, etc. sprung up, who 
were all fellows under them and infected the college with 
an almost incurable disaffection, and laid the seeds of our 15 
succeeding divisions. If his letter^ to the earl of Leices- 
ter, wrote after he was bishop of Durham, were really his, 
a man would have as hard an opinion of him, as he seems 
there to have of the ceremonies: or if the letter to the bre- 
thren published in the Register^ 'under his name, were of 20 
his composing, where the habits or vestments are styled 
popish rags, and the roundness of a man's head is made an 
objection to the squaring of his cap, one would yet have 
harder thoughts of him ; but as the former letter has been 
quoted by the puritans, so I have always suspected that 25 
the Register was published by the papists, though it con- 
tains a collection of puritanical pamphlets, and therefore 
I am slow in believing every thing that is heaped up in 
that collection. It is plain the print is foreign, and the 
design looks as if it were contrived by an enemy ; and yet 30 
so far we may suppose the charge to be true, that he was 
a favourer of the party, otherwise there could be no ground 
or pretence to fasten such letters upon him. 

There is one thing said of him in the British Anti- 
quities, which I do not very well understand; in Joscelin's 35 
Catalogue, of both editions, the degree or order of the 
several bishops is put down, and all of them are said to 

1 Milo vero Coverdallus non nisi ^ D^t, Octobr. -25 an. 1564. 

toga lanea talari utebatur. Ordo con- ^ Parte of a Register containing 

seer. Matthei ai'chiepi. Cant. sundrie memorable matters, p. 19. 


have been presbyters, either secular or regular, only Pil- 
kington (and with him Bullingham) is said to be, min. 
secu., which unless it means a minister \ I do not know 
what to make of it. He was a friend of Bale and Bul- 
5 linger^, and that possibly may explain some particulars of 
his life and conduct. 

He continued master here after he was bishop of Dur- 
ham seven or eight months. What he did in that see is 
foreign to my purpose ; he died at his castle at Auckland 

lo Jan. 23, 1575, aged 55 years, and was buried in the 
cathedral church of Durham the 24tli of ]\Iay following, 
after he had sat in that see fourteen years, ten months and 
twenty-three days. Robert Swift, his chancellor at Dur- 
ham and scholar in the college, gave him a monument 

15 with an epitaph yet extant. 

He left several books to the college library in number 
forty-five, a catalogue whereof is at the end of Vatablus' 
Bible, and if we may guess at his studies from his books, 
he was most versed in our modern Protestant divines, such 

20 as Musculus, Brentius, Bucer, Bullinger, etc. Other books 
he gave to the public library'' an. 1574 in number only 
■ twenty, but to do him right, they were much the more 
valuable collection. 

Books of his own composing were, A Commentary 

25 upon Aggeus and Abdias, Lond. 1562. After his death 
came out an Exposition" upon certain chapters of Nehe- 
miah, with a preface by John Fox® and an appendix by 
Bob. Some D.D., two men of known inclinations. John 
Bale'' says, he had expounded both the Epistles of St 

^ Minister is a word the bishop de- ^ Simler. vit. Bullinger. [Tigur. 

lights in. The seven angels in the 15 75- P- '28.] 

Revelation are with him the seven ^ Eegr. acad. ad an. 1574. 

ministers of the seven congregations * Cambridge an. 1585. 

or churches ; and so in other places ^ Jo. Fox, A.M. ac sacri veibi 

in his Exposition of Aggeus, chap, i, Dei professor admissus erat ad pr^- 

w. 12, 13, etc. [fol. 8 v°.] bendam Dunehn. an. 1572. Eegr. 

"In the late dayes of popery, our Dunehn. 

holy Byshops called before them aU ^ Catalog. Append, p. 113. [Bale's 

suche as were made Ministers wjrth- words are : " Salomonis Ecclesiasten, 

outesuchegreasyng, and blessed them utramque D. Petri Epistolam, et 

with the Popes blessing, anoynted PaulumadGalatas...piissime ac doc- 

them, and then all was perfit." Chap. tissime exposuit."] 
2, V. ic, etc. [fol. Aa. iii.] 

150 ST John's college, 

Peter and had then Solomon's Ecclesiastes under his 
hands, but these, I suppose, were never published. He 
has likewise published a tract of the causes of the burning^ 
of Paul's church, etc. ; but had he outlived the plumber 
that burnt that church by his carelessness, he would have 5 
known the true cause by the poor man's own confession. 
Papist and Protestant had been charging that judgement 
upon one another, and did not know it was the effect of 
accident. I can never turn that book without thinking 
I have somewhat before me of John Bale, it is so full of lo 
warmth and zeal : Young himself his fellow collegian has 
not escaped the furious strokes and lashes of his pen, under 
the character of one of their pertest lusty e yongeprincockes^ . . . 
and this lusty yonher, who would haue turned Bishop Gran- 
mers hoTce into latin, yea and maried to {as was nedefull) 15 
if the good hinge had lined a while longer ; which, I believe, 
was more than the good bishop could be well assured of. 
There is likewise printed amongst Bucer's Scripta Angli- 
cana^ a sermon of his in Latin at tlie restitution of Bucer 
and Fagius. Of the two letters which have been charged 20 
upon him I have spoke already. 

Such were his works of learning. His work of charity 
was a school founded^ at E.ivington in Lancashire, the 
seat of his family, and so far he left the patronage to the 
college, that the governors should present* two to the 25 
society, lionest men and good scholars — that have profited 
well in logic and philosophy and in the knowledge of the 
Greek and Latin tongues — such as love pure religion and 
be haters of popery and superstition — out of whom the 
master and seniors shall choose one, as upon examination 30 
they shall think fit. And if the governors do not choose 

1 Lond. 1563, then supposed to of the college where they have con- 
have been burnt by lightning, [fol. tinued. 

E. v.] Statutes of Tiivington school inter 

^ P._940. archiva ; which statutes are grounded 

3 Eegr. liter, fol. 431, 432. ;«pon queen Elizabeth's letters pa- 

^ That have continued at their tent dat. an. reg. 8°. and upon an 

studies four years diligently in one act of parliament of the same date 

of the universities, of the age of 24 and were enrolled in the chancery 

years at least, that have taken degree of the duchy of Lancaster an. Eliz. 

in the schools, and have good testi- 38.[Printed,withalife of Pilkino-ton 

mony of their learning and honesty by J. Whitaker. Lond. 1S37. 8vo.] 


two such men within six weeks after a vacancy, the master 
and seniors may put in a master, whom they wilh 

He had by his wife Alice of the family of the Kings- 
mills at Sigmanton in Hampshire two sons and two 
5 daughters, Joshua, Isaac, Deborah and Ruth, whom had he 
less provided for, he had left a greater name at Durham. 

His epitaph ^ containing this and other particulars of his 
life, and being nowhere published, that I know of, I shall 
put down at large, 
lo D. Jacobo Pilkingtono epo Dunelm. dioc. 

(Cui per annos xiv. menses x. et dies xxiii maxima 
Fide prasfuit) Lancastrensi, ex equestri 
Pilkingtonorum familia Rivingtonige oriundo, 
Et scholse ibi grammaticalis, sub nomine et auspiciis 
15 Elizabethge reginse, fundatori piissimo : 

Cantabrigise in coll. D. Johan. primum alumno, post 
Magistro, ac tandem in acad. ipsa professori disertissimo. 
In Aggseum et Abdiam et in Nehemise partem 
Anglice interpreti vere ecclesiastico. 
20 Mariana tempestate religionis ergo inter alios 
Pios exuli christiano. 

Eruditione, judicio, pietate, disputatione, concione, 
Justitia et hospitalitate, viro sui seculi clarissimo, 
Alicige, ex equestri Kingsmillorum Sigmantoni^ in com. 
25 Hampton, marito, ac Josu83, Isaaci, Dehors et Ruthaa 
Liberorum parent! sanctissimo. 

Aucklandige^ epi xxiii Januar. 1575, Eliz.reginaa xviii. 
Morienti et ibi condito: posthac Dunelmi xxiiii Maii 
Sepulto, anno setatis su£e LV. 
30 Dni Jesu servo posuit Robertus Swlftus, suus in 
Ecclesiasticis cancellarius et alumnus. 
As an encouragement to gratitude it may deserve to be 
remembered, that this Robert Swift's own epitaph (who 
has preserved the memory of his benefactor) stands yet 
3S undefaced in the church of Durham, when most of the 
ancient monuments there are utterly demolished. 

1 From the worthy Mr Jo. Eowell, 1576, Aucklandise conditus, post Du- 
regr. to the dean and chapter of nelmi 24° die Maii resepultus. 
Durham. [Whitaker, u. s., p. 119.] Ita notatur ad calcem statutorum 

2 Ja. Pilkingtonus Dunelm. epus. scholse de Rivington inter archiva, 
obiit 23 die mensis Januar. an. Dni. 

Admitted Octob, 19, 1561. 

The bishop of Durham being settled in his preferment, 
and a sure interest formed to bring in his brother, resigned 
his mastership about the beginning of October, and his 
brother Leonard Pilkinton succeeded him Octob. 19, 156P. 
He could not be master sooner, for he was not bachelor of 5 
divinity when his brother was consecrated bishop of Dur- 
ham; taking his degree this year^, he had then all the 
qualifications required by statute, and it was probably for 
this reason that the bishop held his mastership so long, 
and in point of decency some time longer than perhaps was i o 

This Leonard Pilkinton who now succeeded master 
had been twice fellow of the college ; for he was first 
admitted fellow* March 24th an. 36 Hen. 8^. and after- 
wards being ejected under queen Mary and having married 15 
a wife in exile, he subscribes thus the second time^: ^go 
Leonardus Pilkingtonus a morte uxoris mece restitutus 
eram socius senior et concionator hujus collegii per reqios 
- visitatores Dec. 27 an. 1559. His brother could have 
chose him fellow, but he made use of the visitor's power 20 
to entitle him to his standing and other privileges which 
could not otherwise be had. These, it seems, were that of 
senior fellow and college preacher, to which being restored, 
he had before enjoyed them; as appears otherwise from the 
books, where, though a very young man, yet he is admitted 25 

^ So he wiites himself at his ad- -^ Regr. acad. 

mission, and Pilkington at his resti- * Ex archivis coll. 

tiition, ' Regr. coll. 

^ Regr. coll. 


senior fellow^ in 1551, and college preacher the year fol- 

. lowing, being then only deacon, as his brother the bishop 

had been when admitted to that trust or charge in college. 

But that which was most unreasonable in the thing 

5 was this, that he and his brother were senior fellows at the 

same time, and that he continued senior whilst his brother 

was master, a thing liable to such inconveniences as might 

probably occasion it to be otherwise provided for in the 

new statutes. For it was at this time that the college 

lo favour run too much towards one quarter, when we had a 
set of Lancashire masters, four of them (the two intruders 
being excepted) immediately succeeding one another, when 
Ealph Leaver the master's countryman had the lease ^ of 
Basingburn, though he were then fellow of the college, and 

15 when Lancashire stuff was so much in fashion, that for 
some years after some of the college utensils were brought 
from Lancashire. 

These were little things; the principal care of these two 
brothers was employed in rooting out the superstition of 

20 the last reign^: the altar in the chapel was pulled down, 
as were those in the other private chapels ; particularly 
bishop Fisher's and Mr Ashton's chapels were reformed, 
which was so far well, but then Mr Ashton's chapel should 
not have been converted to profane uses*, nor should the 

25 upper part of bishop Fisher's chapel have been turned into 
a room or apartment for the advantage of the master : nor 
should the chapel of the old house have been turned into a 
stable for the master's horses, nor the east part of it into a 
store-house for the college. For though bishop Fisher in 

30 his statutes had allowed the master room for his stable 

1 Eegr. coll. that god is not pleased, but oneli 

^ Octob. 3. an, 4*°. Eliz. with a pure hart, they are content 

^ Archiv. coll. lib. thesaur, wyth an honest place appoynted, to 

* " It is popishe to beleue that resorte together in, though it were 

which the bishops do teach that neuer halowed by byshop at all, but 

place to be more holy then the rest, haue only a pulpit, a preacher to the 

whyche they haue halowed as they people, a Deacon for the poore, a 

say, wyth washyng it wyth their table for the communion, wyth bare 

coniured water, crossinges, &c." Bp. waUes or els wrytten wyth scrip- 

Pilkington upon Aggeus, chap, r, tures." Ibid. chap. 1, vv. 2, 3. [fol. 

vv. 7, 8. [fol. I. iiii.] "Where the S. iii.] 

Gospel is preached, they knowyng 

154 ST John's college. 

within tlie precincts of the college, yet he did not mean 
that the old chapel should be the place, there being then 
room enough where the hospital stables had stood, in the 
old buildings near the river. 

It was likewise very well that the missals and brevia- 5 
ries were turned out of chapel, but then so many Geneva 
psalters should not have been brought in their stead, as 
stand yet charged in great numbers upon the college books : 
we had an excellent liturgy of our own, nor was there any 
need, when we left Eome, of running to Geneva. In one lo 
word, though the copes and some other ornaments might 
have been sold, yet the chapel plate should have been re- 
served for sacred uses, especially the gilt plate, that gave 
the best price, would have been of most honour to God 
Almighty. And yet I do not question the sincerity of these 15 
men's intentions ; it is some argument of their sincerity . 
that they have avowed what they did, by leaving lasting 
monuments upon the books. 

Particularly our Leonard Pilkington was a zealous good 
man, and so learned as to be thought fit to bear the charac- 20 
ter of regius professor in the university, a character^he did 
not sustain long, being either weary of the charge, or not 
so equal to the business, or rather for another reason. For 
if he surrendered that post, as has been generally supposed, 
the same year^ that Mr Beaumont master of Trinity quitted 25 
the lady Margaret's chair, we may imagine there was some- 
what of the same reason at the bottom: Mr Beaumont, 
who had been in exile in queen Mary's time, was noted for 
his disaffection and the disorders and divisions he had oc- 
casioned in that college, which could hardly be remedied 30 
by his successor Dr Whitgift. 

But Mr Hutton, fellow of the same college^, having 
succeeded Mr Beaumont as Margaret professor this year, 
can hardly be supposed to succeed Mr Pilkington as regius 
professor the same year, for he succeeded both of them, and 35 
therefore I should rather place Pilkington's recess some- 
what later. And were a man left to reason upon it, he 
would suppose him not to have parted with his professor- 

^ An. 1562. 2 Comput. acad. 


sliip whilst he held his mastership, for the same reasons 
will generally hold for both. He parted with his master- 
ship at a very remarkable juncture, some short time before 
the queen's coming to Cambridge; for the queen came 
5 hither in the beginning of August, and he quitted his 
mastership in the beginning of May. Her progress^ had 
been fixed and notified here by our chancellor on the 12th 
of July, who mentions it as a thing much known and spoke 
of; so that, allowing it to be known some time sooner (as 

lo such things are usually spoke of long before they happen), 
we need not be at a loss to find the true reason of his going 
off, which I leave to every one to gather from what has 
been said. It is well known how the queen treated Dx 
Humphreys at Oxford, and the laying aside two such pro- 

15 fessors here as Pilkington and Beaumont, and bringing in 
two such others as Hutton and Whitgift (for Whitgift^ was 
Margaret professor, this year) , looks as if it were intended 
to pave the way to her coming hither. 

However, Pilkington had the degree of doctor conferred 

20 on him this year, but it was done some time before, for he 
was admitted with the vice-chancellor Dr Hawford, and in 
a public instrument dated March the 4th he is styled D.D. 
This may be said to his honour, that as he was a college- 
preacher, so he was likewise preacher for the university, 

25 and was the first man that received^ licence from the uni- 
versity in this reign. And indeed preaching seems to have 
been his chief talent, and if a character were to be given of 
him, he seems rather to have been a good preacher than a 
great divine. 

30 A certain person^ is much at a loss to know what be- 
came of him after he left his mastership, and whether he 
went off by death or cession. But had he consulted his 
own books (for he was a bursar), he might have resolved 
this doubt ; or he might have done it from the registers of 

35 Durham, where the master's brother being bishop, we may 
very reasonably expect to find him. He was collated to a 
prebend of Durham^ August 1 an. 1567, where there can 

^ MS. Jo. Cosinepi Dunelm. MS. ^ Jun. 6 an. 1561. 

D. Gale. ^ MS^D. M. 

2 Comp. acad. an. 1564. ^ Eegr. Dunelm. 

156* ST John's college. 

be no mistake, for he is there styled Leonardus PilJdngton 
S.T.P. frater episcopi Dunelmensis. And manj years 
after this\ an. 158|, he was at St John's, where he was 
twice entertained at the expense of the college, and where 
one of his name, and I suppose of his family, was ad-: 5 
mitted fellow the year hefore. Children he had, one of 
them [viz. Grace] was married to Eohert Hutton prebend- 
ary of Durham. 

He gave or left the college seventeen books, which not ■ 
coming in till the year 1594^, I suppose he died about that lo 
year. These were much of the same stamp with those of 
his brother, or rather of a lower form, such as Aretius, 
Hyperius, Sadeel, etc., and shew wherein his reading lay 
most, as well as what he was willing should be read by 
others. The encomium of the donor entered upon these ^5 
books is that of vtV gravissimus ; nothing is there said of 
his learning, though such encomiums are usually pretty 
large, and the character of learning would have cost the 
college no more than that of gravity, had it been as true. 
But that encomium was given him in Dr Whitaker's time, 20 
when learning was at a much higher pitch, and when the 
character of that great man had drowned the fame of his 

That he left the college in great disorder is too evident 
from a letter of Dr Beaumont to archbishop Parker^ dated 25 
the same year, where, after having given an account of the 
good order the several other colleges were in, he owns that 
St John's was in such disorder, that several would very 
hardly be brought to wear a surplice. 

He and his younger brother John Pilkington* were 30 
appointed overseers of Rivington school after bishop Pilk- 
ington's death ; as George Pilkington Esq., I suppose 
their eldest brother, had been appointed a governor^ by the 
letters patent of queen Elizabeth. 

^ Liber thesaur. an. 158 J. I find Chr. 

him a party in an instrument dat. * Statut. of Eivington school. 

Aug. 28, 1585. John Pilkington was archdeacon 

2 Lib. thesaiu:. and prebendary of Durham. 

=* Feb. 24, 1564. MS. coll. Corp. ^ lj^. Pat. an. Eliz. 8''°, 


Admitted May 11th an. 1564. 

At this juncture it was (of the queen's progress) that 
Richard Longworth succeeded Dr Pilkington, May 11th, 
1564. The queen's coming was notified (as I said) to the 
university the 12th of July by a letter^ from Sir William 
5 Cecill their chancellor, wherein he desired that care might 
be taken about lodgings for her majesty, and what exer- 
cises in learning were to be presented to her ; — that special 
regard might be had to two things, order and learning, 
and that both in religion and civil behaviour ;— as to him- 

10 self, that he meant to lodge with his old nurse in St John's 
college, and desired the vice-chancellor to acquaint the 
master Mr Longworth therewith ; where preparations were 
accordingly made for his reception, but the queen was to 
be received and the court was to be at King's college. 

15 The chancellor came to Cambridge on the 4th of Au- 
gust (the day before the queen made her entrance) in a 
couch or litter, having a sore leg, accompanied with his 
lady, a person noted for her learning and therefore more 
acceptable to the queen and the university '^ The heads 

20 offered to have gone out to him, but he was either so mo- 
dest or so wise as to refuse such public honours, which 
with greater wisdom were reserved for the queen. He 
came privately to St John's college in the afternoon, where 
he was received at the gate by the master and the society, 

25 and Mr Curties, then senior proctor and afterwards bishop 

1 Liter. MS. D. Gale. 
2 Bishop Cosin's MS. account. M&. D. Evans. 

158 ST John's college. 

of Chichester, made him an eloquent oration, wherein, as 
he complimented the chancellor very handsomely, so the 
learning and piety of his lady were not forgot. After that, 
being presented by Mr Lewknore another of the fellows 
with a gratulatory poem, he was conducted to his apart- 5 
ment in the master's lodgings : where he sent for the vice- 
chancellor and the heads, to whom he repeated his former 
instructions, requiring that order should he diligently kept 
of all sorts, and that uniformity should he shewed in apjya- 
rel and religion, and especially in the setting of the comtnu- ro 
nion table, etc. which implied that there had been some 
want or neglect in these particulars. 

The queen made her entrance on the 5th of August by 
Queens' college, where a large gate was hung cross the 
street from that college to the opposite house (now the 15 
printing-house) guarded by the queen's servants : the two 
lanes near King's college were likewise barred up and 
guarded to keep out the crov<^d. All the passage from 
Queens' college to the west end of King's college chapel 
was lined with scholars ; the doctors stood nearest the 20 
chapel, tlie vice-chancellor with the senior doctor and 
orator upon the lowest step. Within the chapel (the inner 
part whereof was hung with tapestry and arras of the 
queen's) were tlie provost with his fellows in their copes, 
making a lane where she was to pass towards the choir. 25 

Her majesty entered tlie town on horseback in a gown 
of black velvet pinked, a caul upon her head set with 
pearls and precious stones, with a hat spanged with gold 
and a bush of feathers, attended by Garter king at arms 
with the other great officers of the crown, with other lords 00 
and ladies very numerous, the chancellor riding near her, 
describing the order and degree and quality of the scholars ; 
and as she passed, the scholars loudly proclaimed Vivat 
Begina, to which she often replied Gratias ago. 

As soon as she came to the west end of the chapel, ^r 
every one alighted from their horses, except the queen, and 
there the chancellor delivered up the staves, and the public 
.orator Mr Master kneeling down made an oration \ where- 

^ MS. bisLop Cosiu. 


in whilst he enlarged upon her majesty's praises, she often 
shook her head and bit lier lips, and sometimes broke out 
in these expressions, non est Veritas and utinam; but wlien 
he praised virginit}^, she commended the orator and bid 
5 him continue there. In conclusion she gave him a just 
encomium, particularly admiring his memory, as he well 
deserved that could go on half an hour without pause or 
hesitating, whilst the queen's horse was curvetting under 
her, and she herself making remarks upon the different 

lo periods of his speech. Then she alighted and advanced 
towards the chapel under a rich canopy supported by four 
of the principal doctors, when after Te Deum begun by 
the provost and sung with the organ, and after evening 
song solemnly had, etc. she departed to her lodging, as 

15 she went thanking God that had sent her to this university^ 
where she loas so received, as she thought she coidd not be 

The next day being Sunday, Dr Perne in his cope 
preached a Latin sermon before h&r majesty in King's 

20 chapel upon this text, Omnis anima subdita sit, etc.; 
about the midst of his sermon, she sent the lord Hunsden 
to will him to put on his cap, which he did unto the end, 
and after the sermon was over, ere he could get out of tlie 
pulpit, she signified to him by the lord cliamberlain, that it 

25 was the first that ever she heard in Latin, and she thought 
she never shoidd hear a better. 

In the evening she heard prayers again in the chapel, 
and this day had been well spent, had not the conclusion 
been very different from the rest of the day. For the same 

30 day late and in the same place one of Plautus' comedies 
(his Aulularia) was acted before her by torches upon a 
stage erected in the chapel to that purpose, which she 
stayed out, though it held in acting till twelve o'clock at 
night. And yet this, which was innocent in queen Eliza- 

35 beth, when it came to be acted over again in a succeeding 
reign in a more inoffensive manner, was looked upon as so 
profane and scandalous as to alarm the nation. 

It would be very tedious to give a narrative of the pro- 
ceedings of the following days and of the several acts and 

40 disputations held before her majesty. It was philosophy 

160 ST John's college. 

and divinity that she attended to most, and was best 
pleased with these performances. Mr Bing the respondent 
in philosophy acquitted himself well, and it was then ob- 
served^ that as Mr Cartwright one of his opponents ex- 
pressed more heat, so Mr Preston shewed better manners, 5 
whom the queen took particular notice of and dubbed him 
her scholar. But no man acquitted himself so well as Mr 
liutton the respondent in divinity, to the satisfaction and 
admiration of all his auditors, and it was to that day that 
he owed his future preferments. The queen favoured him lo 
in her looks, her words and actions, and though Dr Perne 
one of his opponents disputed upon him very warmly 
and very learnedly, yet he, that had given such content 
whilst he preached upon Omnis anima, etc., lost himself 
in the opinion of the queen for having touched too freely 15 
upon the power of excommunicating princes, though it 
were only by way of argument : so nice a thing it is to 
approach majesty upon any pretence or at any distance ; 
especially where majesty is at its full height, as it 
then was ! 20 

For however it may have been since, it was then in 
this manner her majesty was received in our congrega- 
tions or assemblies. At her entrance all men were upon 
the knee, nor did any one presume to rise till leave was 
given, and after they were up, no one presumed to sit 25 
till leave was given the second time by an express allow- 
ance. The greatest peer, the duke of Norfolk, and the 
greatest favourite, Kobert Dudley, addressed her majesty 
upon the knee, as they then did, when they desired her 
to dismiss the university with an oration. 30 

I pass over private colleges, all which her majesty 
visited in one morning (except Magdalene and Jesus), 
there being little done at these houses except orations 
or verses, either spoke or delivered in. Amongst the 
rest she visited St John's college and rode into the hall, 35 
where she was received with an oration by Mr Bohun • 
wherein, though she was put in mind of her relation to 
the foundress and intimation given of the college losses 

1 MS. bishop Cosin; MS. D. Evans. 


in a manner that was to he very nicely handled, yet, 
I suppose, the queen did not think herself bound to take 
notice of these losses, which with more reason should 
have been done by her sister. And this, I believe, was 
5 the last time that the society ever offered at a reparation, 
and what was now done was undoubtedly by intimation 
from their chancellor, who had been a member of the 

Verses were likewise hung round the court upon the 

lo occasion, and Mr Lewknore a blooming wit presented the 
queen with a gratulatory poem : and that nothing might 
be wanting to engage her favour, the lord Robert (as he is 
there styled) her great favourite, had been invited before to 
the college by the chancellor and received with an oration 

15 spoken by Mr Becon afterwards public orator, being more 
than was done for the earls of Oxford and Rutland, though 
both of them lodged at the college with the chancellor. 

This is the sum of what passed here on this great occa- 
sion, in all which Mr Curteis did the college most honour, 

20 and thereby gained such reputation as laid the grounds 
of his rising fortunes. The master was then a very young 
man, and not having attained to the degree of doctor of 
divinity, could have no share in the public exercise: but 
though he had no opportunities of shewing his learning, 

^5 yet in these proceedings he has the character given him 
of a pious, prudent man, a fit character for a governor. 

He appears to have been a man of business and a 
noted preacher, a thing much valued in those days ; he 
was chose college preacher an, 1561, and the same year 

30 preacher for the university. He commenced D.D. in the 
year 1567, and the year after was vicechancellor ; when 
he cautioned for his exercise^ pro]Dter multa et magna 
turn publica turn 23'i''ivata negotia, which caution he for- 
feited, and went off from his mastership the year folio w- 

35 ing. What these great affairs were I cannot say, but 
he had good preferments, being prebendary of Worcester^, 
dean of Chester, and November 9, 1567 he was collated 

^ Regr. acad. He was admitted ham tlie year before, 1567. 
prebendary of Worcester that year, ^ The prebendary of Worcester 

viz. an. 1568; prebendary of Dur- was Dr John Longworth. 


162 ST John's college. 

to a prelbend of Durham^ then void by the deprivation 
of Thomas Leaver; which last preferment he resigned 
and was succeeded therein Iby Francis Bunny Maii 9 
an. 1572. 

Nor can I say anything of his principles, farther than 5 
that the Geneva psalters were continued in his time, that 
paxes and other stuff was sold out of the vestry, and 
one cope to Dr Pilkington, which I dare say he never 
wore. In his time likewise the university cross was sold, 
which having been purchased by contributions from the lo 
several colleges, each college received back their due pro- 
portion, and St John's college had its share ^. This was 
done under Dr Beaumont's vice-chancellorship, when the 
university copes and vestments of silk and velvet, the 
surplice, the altar-cloths, mass and dirige book, the 15 
chalice with the patine, etc. were likewise sold^. 

The reasons why he left the college do not evidently 
appear* (for he survived his mastership) ; his great and 
arduous affairs, before spoken of, might call him some- 
where else : this is certain, he had reason to be weary, 20 
the college being then in great disorder; Mr Cartwright 
now of Trinity had infected his friends of St John's col- 
lege, particularly Mr Fulke, and it was under this master 
that I should suspect Fulk was expelled the college for 
his disaffection to the church's discipline (for he was chose 25 
fellow® an. 1564, and afterwards chose the second time 
an. 1567), were it not that the master's inclinations seem 
to have lain against it, and that bishop Wren^ says this 
happened after Fulk was bachelor of divinity. Fulke 
took his degree of B.D, an. 1568, the same year with 30 
Nich. Shepheard who succeeded Dr Longeworth; and 
having commenced the same year, they might seem to 
have had the same views. Fulk going off within the year 

^ Eegr. Dunelm. it appears that Dr L. was expelled 

^ Eegr. coll. by the visitor, and that Mr Fulke 

^ Coraput. acad. prevented expulsion by a voluntary 

4 I have since seen the whole pro- resignation. See the articles, letters 

ceeding against Dr Longwortb, the etc. taken from the Paper Office, and 

articles brought in charge against Mr Strype's MSS. 

him and his defence, with the bishop ^ Regr. coll. 

of Ely the visitor's letters, whence ^ De custodibus Pembr. 


tliat Shepheard was admitted master, his expulsion must 
have happened at that time, when there being likewise 
a visitation of the college by the bishop of Ely, the 
visitor's power might be taken in. In 1569^ I find his 
5 business in agitation before the chancellor, which probably 
determined in a visitation. And might there not be some- 
what of discontent at the bottom, which sometimes steals 
in insensibly upon good men, that whilst Mr Fulke was 
unquestionably the much greater man, yet Mr Shepheard 

lo was preferred? For see whither men may be transported 
by their passions! Mr Fulk, being expelled the college, 
erects an academy in the town at the Falcon inn and 
there reads lectures to his pupils ; in one thing more 
happy than his friend Mr Cartwright, that he was either 

15 soon brought off or came' to a better temper; for in 1572 
Maii 25^ I find him admitted doctor in a very honour- 
able manner, being presented (in the queen's chapel at 
her palace of St James) by Dr Wm. Latimer to the bishop 
of Rochester Dr Freak, and admitted by him to the degree 

20 of doctor of divinity, and his admission signified by letters 
from that bishop to the university. 

Dr Longeworth died an. 1579, which year his deanery 
of Chester, a prebend of Worcester and his rectory of Cock- 
field became void by his death. In the last he was suc- 

25 ceeded by Jo. Knewstub B.D., who, as he was fellow of 
the same college, so was of the same persuasion with the 

^ Comput. dris Young procan. an. years since that earl had vindicated 

1569. This is confirmed by Fulke's him from the calumnies of his ene- 

epistle dedicatory to the earl of Lei- mies, and had taken him into his 

cester before his preelectiones in Apo- service. _ 
calypsin, dated Dec. 31 an. 1573, ^ Eegr. acad, an. 1572. 

■wherein he says it was then four 


Admitted December 17 an. 1569. 

NoTWiTHSTANDiNa Dr Fulk's great worth that after- 
wards brought him to the mastership of Pembroke hall, 
Kicholas Shepherd B.D. succeeded as master here Decern. 
17 an. 1569^. He was born in Westmoreland, originally 
fellow of St John's college, but was now vice-master of 5 
Trinity, where he had served as proctor in the college 
course. What good fortune brought him hither is to me 
uncertain, only having come in over Dr Fulke and against 
such a preponderancy of merit, it is probable he had better 
principles to recommend him^: and yet even these might lo 
be suspected from his having been brought into Trinity 
about the same time with Mr Cartwright under Dr Beau- 
mont, did not some respects she^vn him afterwards by Dr 
Whitgift speak in his favour. 

Whatever he was, there was now great need of men of 1 5 
principles, a design being formed of regulating and reform- 
ing the growing disorders of the university, to which pur- 
pose amongst others a new body of statutes was given an. 
1570. And these statutes having been drawn up by the 
advice* of Dr Whitgift and others of the leading heads 20 
under the direction of the chancellor, a great power was 
thereby lodged in the heads, and the power of the body, 
particularly of the regents who had formerly a large share 
in the government, was now much abridged and limited. 

Most of the confessors, who had gained such a reputa- 25 
tion by their sufferings as not to be touched, were now 
gone off or dead. Mr Cartwright the head of the remain- 

1 Or Shepperd. bishop Grindall, p. 152, chap. xv. 

2 Eegr. coll. [bk. i.] 

3 See Mr Strype's Life of arch- * MS. D. Whitgift; MS. D. Gale. 


ing party, who had got into the lady Margaret's chair ^ and 
had there impugned the discipline and government of the 
church, was now called upon to answer for his opinions, 
and being unwilling to retract them, having been before 
5 censured by Dr May by substraction of his stipend, being 
admonished the second time and persisting in his refusal, 
he was deprived of his lecture by Dr Whitgift vice-chan- 
cellor with the consent of his assessors, and prohibited to 
preach any more in the university; and Dr Still a very 

lo active man was brought into that lecture, and the like care 
was taken in other particulars. 

There can hardly be a clearer argument of the great 
disorder the university was then in, than from the objec- 
tions that were made to these new statutes in a petition or 

15 remonstrance^ presented to the chancellor, signed by a great 
many hands, especially of the regents. It might have been 
expected that the great power given the heads in nominat- 
ing two to the university's choice and their negative in all 
grants and elections in private colleges should be made an 

20 objection; but th.a,ttlie habits and vestments should bethought 
to countenance popery , or that the liberty of the gospel should 
seem to be restrained by these statutes, tvhen men cannot speak 
openly against the religion received or the communio7i-booh, 
or against any office, degree, state or dignity within the realm, 

^^by expressing the name or person that doth offend^, this in- 
deed is very surprising; and yet so it was, and this petition 
and these objections, signed by the hands of such men as 
Richard Fletcher, Humphrey Tyndall, Richard Cosin, Ro- 
bert Bennet, Osmund Lake, Edmund Barwell, Godfrey 

30 Goldisburgh, John Hanson, Richard Bancrofte and many 
others, afterwards men of considerable note and character 
in the church; particularly Mr Beacon of St John's college, 
then public orator and proctor^ was an active leading man, 
whereby he incurred the displeasure of the chancellor, for- 

35 merly his patron and great admirer. Notwithstanding 
which opposition, these objections being answered by those 
heads that had compiled the statutes, and the objections 
and answers being referred to the archbishops of Canter- 

1 Eegr. acad. ® Dat. Maii 6, 1572. 

3 MS. coll, Corp. Chr. Tit. statut. acad. 

166 ST John's college, 

Tbnry and York and the bishops of London and Ely, they 
were of opinion that the statutes as drawn might stand, and 
no great cause to make any alteration, and blamed the 
younger men for seeking their pretended reformation by 
disordered means; and a letter^ was sent down from the 5 
chancellor to that purpose. 

That Nicholas Shepherd was one of the leading heads 
in this matter I cannot say, his name does not appear in 
that proceeding; nor does he appear to have had a hand in 
the censure of Mr Cartwright, who having been fellow with lo 
him in two several colleges, in point of decency he might 
keep "away. But it is probable he was brought in with 
regard to the present juncture and to second the designs 
then on foot, wherein how he performed or what he was 
able to perform in a distempered society I am not able to Jf5 
determine, there having been less said of this master than 
of any other since the foundation of the college. This I 
can only say, that the Greneva psalters were discontinued 
in his time, and the bishops' bible ^ introduced as soon as 
it was printed an. 1572. As to any other further opinion 20 
of him, he seems not to have been a man of great abilities, 
and from his never having been vice-chancellor, nor having 
commenced doctor when by his standing he might have 
done it, he seems not to have been much considered in the 
university. 25 

There is a tradition in the college^ very disadvantageous 
to om^ master's character, that having got the keys of the 
several ofBcers into his hands, he put the seal to some 
grants or leases for his own emolument, whereupon he was 
expelled the college. I am unwilling to credit this account, 30 
but from a visitation held by the bishop of Ely in Mr 
Shepherd's last year, as well as from a grant signed by 
him and all the fellows in 'the same year, it seems there 
was some disorder in the college, and that more than usual 
care was made use of to prevent it. 35 

He was archdeacon of Northampton, to which dignity 
he was admitted about the year 1571*, and one Nicholas 

1 Dated June 15 an. 1572, MS. ^ ]y[g_ j) jyj^ 

coll. Corp. Chr. ■* Athen. Oxon. p. 688. [Fasti 

2 Liber tliesaur, Oxon. ed. Bliss, [i. 102.] ^He was 


Shepheard, D.D. (an easy mistake for B.D.) having been 
a prebendary in the same church, viz. of Peterborough, 
about the same time, it is probable he might be the same 
man, though Mr Gunton's ^ account makes it doubtful. 
5 Higher preferment, I suppose, he never attained to, especi- 
ally if he left the college in so disgraceful a manner. 

In the college he was admitted scholar for Sir Marma- 
duke Constable by the king's visitors July 4 an. 1549, was 
chose fellow an. 1553 and ejected the same year, and 

lo therefore did not commence M.A. till the first year of queen 
Elizabeth, and was then one of the first preachers^ that 
was sent out for the university in that reign. That he or 
Richard Longworth were in exile is more than I know, 
though Dr M. says it of the latter. But if Mr Longworth 

^5 were one of that number, he does not appear in either^ 
catalogue of these confessors, though the Leavers, the Pil- 
kingtons, etc. are ranked in that list. The truth of it is, 
he does not seem to have stirred beyond the walls of the 
house; for one of his name commences M.A. in queen Mary's 

2o reign*, and the same Mr Longworth commences B.D. an. 
1563, which he could not have done, had he not been 
master under queen Mary. 

It may be said to Mr Shepperd's honour that he prefer- 
red men of learning, as appeared in his first choice of Hugh 

25 Broughton® the famous Hebrician, by his next election of 
Andrew Downes the noted Grecian, and after them of Eve- 
rard Digby, John Palmer, etc. But Broughton, who did not 
use to stay long in a place, removed to Christ's, notwith- 
standing the kind and advantageous offers made him by 

30 Mr Shepperd. 

succeeded in his archdeaconry by pard) was rector of Hartlebury co. 

James Howland M.A. Nov. 12 Worcester, where he was probably 

an. 1587, and in his prebend by buried 1587. See Mr Willis' Archd. 

William Hills M.A. July 29, 1587, of Northampton, [p. 514.] 

both preferments being then void ^ Hist. Peterb. p. 91. 

by the death of Nicholas Shepard, ^ Nov. 14, 1561. Regr. acad. 

So he died that year. Eegr. How- ^ Bale de Script, p. 741, 2. 

land. In 1580 I find him concerned Cranm. de Sacram. prsef. 

in an exercise at Stamford, not much * "Regr. acad. 

to his honour, and is there distin- ^ Eegr. coll. Broughton' s Works, 

gtiished by the title of archdeacon of p. (360). 

Northampton. He (Nicholas Shep- 

Admitted July 21 an. 1574. 

If Mr Slieplierd were a slug, his successor will com- 
pensate for his inactivity. This was John Still B.D. fellow 
of Christ's college, Margaret preacher in the year 1570^ 
and Margaret professor the year after, and elected master 
of this college Jul. 14'", 1574. In the instrument^ of his 5 
presentation to the vice-chancellor Dr Whitgift he is said 
to have been elected unanimi assensu et consensu majoris 
partis prcBsentium, that is in true English, he was not chose 
unanimously, having been chose only by a majority of 
those present, the rest being either absent or absenting lo 

It should seem somewhat was not right, as well from 
the form of presentation as from the delay in his admission, 
usually the same day; whereas his presentation is not 
dated till two days after, nor was he admitted till a full 15 
week after he was chosen master: unless this delay might 
proceed from the absence of the vice-chancellor, for the pre- 
sentation is directed to him or his deputy: in the vice-chan- 
cellor himself there could be no stop, who must needs re- 
joice in having a sure friend brought in and a firm assistant 20 
in all his proceedings. 

However the election was made, it was certainly a very 
good one, and they that were concerned in it could not 
have done better for the interest of the college. For this 
Mr Still, as he was an active man, so he was of unshaken 25 

1 Eegr. acad. ^ Thin Black Book, fol. 65. 


affection to the churcli, and being a bitter enemy to the 
nonconformists both upon principle and interest (for he had 
succeeded one Mr Aldridge deprived of a prebend of West- 
minster for nonconformity, as he had succeeded Mr Cart- 
5 Wright in the professorship here) seems to have been raised 
up to root out puritanism in St John's college, as some of 
his predecessors had been wholly employed in extirpating 
popery; which he would have effectually done, had his 
continuance been long enough amongst us. And this was 

1° the true reason of the opposition he met with (not any such 
little partialities as have been generally imagined) for the 
which he was aspersed by the party, who having endea- 
voured to gain him by court and compliance, when he was 
not to be won that way, turned upon him by reproaches 

15 and calumnies to his disadvantage. 

I will not deny but that there might be somewhat of 
north and south in this division, and that the master might 
favour the warmer clime, which was his own ; but it was 
conformity and nonconformity that was at the bottom, and 

20 the rest was chiefly noise and clamour. They that have 
grounded the controversy upon this other bottom have been 
doubly mistaken, first in supposing queen Elizabeth's sta- 
tutes to have been given under this master, and secondly 
that it was these statutes that gave the mighty preference 

25 to the south: whereas these statutes were not given till after 
he left the college, and the diminution of the northern privi- 
leges and the greater favour towards the south was brought 
in by the statutes^ of Henry the Eighth. North and south 
were much the same as they were under that king, and the 

30 great alteration that was made in these new statutes was 
by giving greater power to the master etc. in order to sup- 
press the factious party. It was in the college as it had 
been in the university, where the body by abusing their 
privileges lost that liberty they had before enjoyed, and 

35 occasioned the power to determine in the heads ; and it 
was faction and nonconformity that was the like occasion 
in them both. 

Notwithstanding these factions and the limitations this 

* Inter arclnva. 

170 ST John's college. 

master was under by the statutes of Henry the Eighth, yet 
he governed the college with constancy and resolution and 
with a steady hand, having prudence equal to his activity 
and a reputation for learning that set him above the ca- 
lumnies of his enemies. Sir John Harrington^ (who does 5 
not use to compliment in his characters) says of him that 
he was so great a disputer, that the learned'' st were even 
affraid to dispute with him; and that finding his owne 
strength he could not stick to warne them in their Arguments 
to take heed to their answers; and likewise says that when lo 
the great Dyet or meeting should have heene in Germany 
for composing matters in Religion, Doctor Still was chosen 
for Cambridge, and Doctor Humphrey /or Oxford, to oppose 
all commers for the defence of the English church, than which 
nothing greater could be said. About the year 1581, when 15 
Campian's book was published and made such a noise at 
its first appearing, and fit men were sought out by the 
bishop of London^, etc. to draw up an answer, Dr Still and 
Dr Fulke were two of the first men that were thought of. 

In the economics of the college he was frugal and pro- 20 
vident and a good manager of the revenues of the house, 
particularly the rent-corn, which in his time passed into 
an act'' in the 18th of queen Eliz., an. 1575. He put 
that act into a course and method and improved it to the 
best advantage. From a memorandum entered upon the 25 
books I will just say enough to explain that act, of so 
much advantage to the university and in a manner a second 
additional endowment to every college. 

Danthorpe in Holderness was the first estate that was 
thus rented out in corn in this college, Novembr. 3 an. Eliz. 30 
18, and this memorandum entered upon the book^: Me- 
morand.: That the old rent of this lease ivas £3. 6s. 8d. , the 
which rent is now altered hy reason of a statute made an. 18 
Miz., hy virtue lohereofthe third part of the rent at the least 
is to he paid in corn, after the rate of 6s. 8d. for a quarter 35 
of wheat and 5s. for a quarter of malt, as hy the said statute 

^ Supply to Dr. Goodwin's Cata- ^ Stat. Eliz. 18, cap. 6. 

logue, p. 118. * Black Book, fol. 73. 

2 Life of Bp. Aylmer, p. 50. 


more at large appears. The rent of Danthorpe as then fixed 
was £2. 45. 2d. in moneys, and three quarters of wheat and 
four bushels of malt in corn, and the rent of that estate is 
the very same in moneys and corn at this day, only so far 
5 improved as the price of corn is now higher than when it 
was sold at 6s. 8c?. or 56'. for a quarter of wheat or malt, 
and is such an improvement as usually makes the third 
part more than the whole. 

Of this he took care by seconding and advancing the 

10 intention of the act, as he afterwards did at Trinity college 
to that degree, as to have it entered upon their ^ register as 
a part of his character. He was removed to that house 
May 30th an. 1577^ upon the promotion of Dr Whitgift 
to the see of Worcester, and left 'St John's very reputably, 

15 not carried out in a chair, according to a foolish tradition, 
which coidd be no otherwise true than if it were made use 
of to do him honour. It is enough to confute such a fable, 
were it worth confuting, that he had the queen's letters for 
that remove, which were a sufficient protection to guard 

20 him from affronts. How he acquitted himself in that new 
charge is well known from their registers, which are better 
vouchers for his prudence, integrity and learning than any 
thing that I can say. 

As to his other preferments, besides these two master- 

25 ships which he enjoyed successively, he was rector of Had- 
ley in Suffolk, where he hit upon Mr Bois then a young 
scholar of pregnant parts and growing hopes, and brought 
him hither to be a future ornament to the college, especially 
in the Greek tongue, then so rarely known that for part of 

30 Mr Bois' time there w^ere only two^ in college that under- 
stood it, Mr Downs and himself. And here, I suppose, it 
was he hit upon a yet greater ornament of the house, John 
Overall (born^ and bred in the town of Hadley), and brought 
him with him to his own lodgings, and upon his removal 

35 transplanted him to Trinity college, where he became fel- 
low, and was elected regius professor an. 1595, being then 
a very young man: for by an inscription he has left upon 

1 Eegr. coll. Trin. Cant. * MS. Life of Mr Jo. Bois, 

2 Regr. ibid. * Parker, SxeX. Cant. 

172 ST John's college. 

the leads* of St John's chapel dated 1577, lie was then 
eighteen years of age. 

Dr Still was likewise archdeacon ^ of Sudbury in the 
same county, which gave him a place in convocation, where 
he appeared in the year 1588: preached the sermon ad cle- 5 
rum^ at the opening thereof and was chose* prolocutor in 
the same convocation, being recommended to the choice of 
the lower house by archbishop Whitgift then his patron, 
as he had formerly been his friend. He was born in Lin- 
colnshire, as such was countryman to the archbishop^ which to 
probably might be some ground or introduction to his 
favour and friendship. 

He was promoted to the see of Bath and Wells an. 1592, 
where he grew rich, purchased an estate and raised a family. 
He died Feb. 26, 1607, and was buried in his own cathe- 15 
dral. His epitaph was composed by Mr Cambden, and 
being printed with that learned man's epistles^ may be 
there met with. 

^ In tectis capellae coll. Jo. * Uno ore, sine mora, concord- 

^ An. 1576. iter, unanimi consensu, nemine con- 

3 Doctam liabuit ac edidit con- tradicente. Ibid. 

cionem in sermone Romano. V. Acta ^ Cambden, Epist. [ii.] p. 105. 

convocationis an. T588. 

Admitted July 20th an. 1577. 

Although Dr Still went ofFMay the 30tll^ yet Eichard 
Howland B.D. was not admitted master till July the 20th 
(a distance of time beyond the statutable allowance, and 
could not have been dispensed with, had not the college 
5 been then in the hands of the queen's commissioners, who 
dispensed in this and other particulars) ; and this Mr How- 
land, a dependent of my lord Burleigh's the principal com- 
missioner, was brought hither from the mastership of Mag- 
dalene college : a preferment he could not but be very wil- 

lo ling to part with, his predecessor^ Dr Roger Kelke some 
time fellow of St John's college having in a manner ruined 
that foundation by an unreasonable grant of an estate in 
St Botulph's parish without Aldgate to the queen, etc., 
which could never afterwards be retrieved. 

15 There was one thing that made his coming hither more 
agi'eeable, that as he had succeeded a St John's man at 
Magdalene college, so another of the fellows one Mr Henry 
Copinger^ was designed to succeed him there, and so it was 
only an unequal exchange; and indeed very unequal to 

20 Mr Copinger, for, though he came in there by the queen's 
authority, yet he was so much discountenanced by the 

^ The account of Dr Still's admis- be regularly admitted at St John's 
sion at Trinity college, May 30th, I within the statutable time. V. Caus. 
had from their leiger book ; that, I pub. acad. Cant. an. 1577. 
find since, is a mistake ; bp. Whit- ^ Coke's Reports, unz. part. Mag- 
gift did not quit his mastership there dal. col. case. [Pasch. 13 Jac. ed. 
till towards the middle of June an. 1697. fol. 66.] 
1577, and so Mr Howland might 3 MS. Life of Mr Jo. Bois. 

174 ST John's college. 

hereditary patron of that house that he was forced to quit 
his mastership ; and by accepting that having parted with 
his fellowship, to the which there was no return, was there- 
by turned out of all: a very hard fate upon so deserving 
a man, and might with more justice have fallen upon 5 
Dr Kelke. 

There could not have been a fitter man than a master 
of Magdalene for the designs now on foot of giving new 
statutes and enlarging the master's power, yet too much 
limited to keep the college in tolerable order. This design lo 
had been thought of in Dr Still's time, but was now under- 
taken in earnest : I find^ Dr Ithell master of Jesus and the 
bishop of Ely's chancellor much employed in the design, 
but he dying before it was effected, the affair on the college 
part devolved much upon the present master, who solicited 15 
it with much zeal, and meeting with an inclination in the 
chancellor the lord Burghley, if there were any difficulties, 
they were easily overcome by so powerful an assistance. 
And to make them of more easy digestion, my lord Burgh- 
ley gilded the bill by enlarging the commons of the scho- 20 
lars of the foundation, as yet too small to afford a tolerable 
subsistence, in a manner expressed in the body of the sta- 
tutes, and towards this use gave an annual rent" of £30 
payable for ever out of his estates in ISTorthampton and 
Hertfordshire, for the which he was to be paid only in 25 
honours, by verses from the scholars and sermons from the 
fellows at Stamford and Cheshunt or Theobald's, since 
altered for Hatfield and Quixwood, and these honours to 
be perpetual to his family, as his benefaction was to be : 
the nomination of two scholars of the foundation was like- 30 
wise left to him and his family. 

His lady the lady Mildred was also a benefactress ; and 
about this time^ Dr Goodman dean of Westminster, who 
had been raised by this lord, founded two scholarships in 
the college, and afterwards left the nomination to a younger 35 
branch of this family; and Sir Ambrose Cave's benefaction, 
no less considerable, was determined to the college by the 
same hand : besides many other favours by the interest of 

1 Archiv. coll. Liber thesaurar. ^ Settlement, an. regn. Eliz. 2 3. 

etc. ^ An. regn. Eliz. 21, Febr. 20. 


this great lord both to tlie body in common and to particu- 
lar members of the college. 

Ill this disposition and mider these obligations nothing 
was to be refused to my lord Burghley that he could reason- 
5 ably desire, and he having thought it for the interest of 
the society to have new statutes, they were thankfully to 
be received, and to be numbered amongst his benefactions. 
They were at least three years in forming and preparing^; 
the master had two or three j ourneys to London and Berk- 

lo shire to attend the chancellor about them ; after they were 
completely formed^ they were sent down to the college an. 
1580 by the queen's authority, signed by her commis- 
sioners^, William Burghley chancellor of the university, 
Richard Cox bishop of Ely, Andrew Perne master of Peter 

15 house, Edward Hawford master of Christ's and Henry Her- 
vey master of Trinity hall. Some little alterations were 
afterwards made, but they were inconsiderable. 

These being the statutes^ now in force are in every one's 
hands, and so well known as not to need to be explained. 

20 Two alterations are pretty visible, that the master's power 
is much enlarged and that of the visitor is equally limited : 
there might be somewhat of the same reason for both, for 
as the masters had formerly been able to do little without 
having recourse to visitations, so it miglit reasonably be 

25 supposed, that their power being now enlarged, the govern- 
ment of the college would be more regular and uniform, 
and that there would be less occasion for a visitor. And 
yet it seems an odd part in the bishop of Ely to part with 
such a share of his power, to which he was so fully and 

30 variously entitled, and which, being one of the queen's 
commissioners, could hardly be taken from him without 
his consent. 

In all the former statutes the bishop of Ely's power 
had been always preserved pretty entire, at least in a just 

35 height, even by Henry the Eighth's statutes ; he had not 

1 Archiv. coll. Liber thesaur. ^ Dr Whitgift, Ithell and Binge 

The commission ad visitand. coll. were named in the commission ; but 

S. Jo. Evang. bears date Jul. 13 Whitgift was removed to Worcester 

an. r. Eliz. 18, 1576. Eymer, an. and Ithell died within the period. 

1576. [Tom. XV. pp. 762, 763-] ^ -A-n- 1580. 

176 ST John's college. 

only power of visiting when called in, but once every th-ree 
years without a call. Whereas hy these statutes he has no 
power of visiting till called in, and that call is rendered so 
difficult as to leave him little more than a shadow of power. 
Privileges are such desirable things that they do not use to 5 
be parted with without a reason ; I can see only two rea- 
sons for this, expense to the college and trouble to the 
bishop. The expenses on the college side were usually 
high, for the bishop had vastly exceeded his appointments, 
and the good bishop had had so many uneasy journeys of 10 
late from Ely to Cambridge, that he had reason to wish 
there might be fewer occasions for his coming hither. There 
was indeed one other reason, that the queen's power of 
visiting was then so constant that there was less need of a 
bishop of Ely. 15 

Without this the visitor's power (I mean his power 
of coming in) is really too much limited, and in case of 
grievances there is scarce any possibility left of redress. 
For grievances (when any such are) will usually happen 
from the governors of the society, the inferior members 20 
being subject to their government and punishable for any 
such irregularities as they shall be guilty of; but if the 
power of calling in the visitor be lodged in the same 
hands, they will hardly call in a visitor to redress such 
grievances as have been occasioned by themselves. Ac- 25 
cordingly though it be now above a hundred years since 
these statutes were given, yet I know only of one visita- 
tion that has happened within the time, and that in a very 
singular instance and in a manner forced ; where the mas- 
ter and seniors being complained of at court, they were 30 
forced by a desperate remedy to take shelter under their 
visitor, to protect themselves from the complaints of the 

The year after these statutes were given ^, the master, 
in pursuance of a settlement made about the same time, 35 
waited on my lord Burghley with the respects of the 
society and to preach the first course at Stamford (ever 
since continued by a fellow of the college), and made so 

1 An. 23 Eliz. 


good a court there that in two or three years after he 
was brought into my lord's neighbourhood and nearer ac- 
quaintance by being promoted to the see of Peterborough S 
wherein he succeeded Dr Scambler, a man that will never 
5 be forgot in that see ; and because the revenues of his 
church were much impaired, he was allowed to hold his 
mastership two years with his new preferment. My lord 
Burghley had made so free with that church that he had 
reason to wish to have a friend there that would give 

lo him no uneasiness : how this man acquitted himself is be- 
yond my purpose, but he continued in this church in the 
neighbourhood of Burghley all his days, being never re- 
moved to any higher station. 

He was twice vice-chancellor of the university^, w^hich 

1 5 shews him to have been a man of business. In his first 
year, an. 1578, he had an occasion offered him of ad- 
vancing himself; for the queen in her progress this year 
having taken Walden in her way, a house belonging to 
the second son of the late duke of Norfolk, the vice- 

20 chancellor 3 with the heads and some of the body (by in- 
timation from the chancellor)' attended her majesty, and 
that in so extraordinary a manner as to make Walden 
a sort of university. The orator made a speech in the 
name of the body, and an act in philosophy was held 

25 before her upon these questions: 

dementia magis in principe laudanda quam severitas. 
Astra non imponunt necessitatem. 

One Mr Fleming a noted disputant of King's college 

kept the act, and one Mr Palmsr a known man of St 

30 John's was one of his opponents, wherein he acquitted 

i Dr Goodman, dean of West- dean had done before him, for which 
minster, my lord Burghley's parti- as he was blamed by some zealots, 
cular friend, was then, viz. an. 1584, so he was commended by men of 
thought of for this bishopric. He more discretion. [The latter part 
refused the ofFer, I suppose because of this note, from Whilst bishop to 
he did not like the conditions. V. discretion is erased. Baker adds, 
Lit. B. and W. Whilst bishop This was done by the bishop of Lin- 
there, he preached the funeral ser- coin.] _ 
mon of the queen of Scots, wherein ^ Regr. acad. 
he used more moderation than his ^ Regr. acad. MS. Tenison. 


178 ST John's collkge. 

himself so well before the patron of Magdalene college, 
that he afterwards came to be master of that house. Dr 
Bing master of Clare hall, who had kept the philosophy 
act when the queen was at Cambridge, determined the 
whole. 5 

A comedj was afterwards exhibited before her majesty 
in a very solemn manner, the queen's music playing and 
the trumpets sounding between the acts. In every thing 
my lord Burghley appeared and acted as chancellor of 
the university. The queen being presented with a Greek lo 
Testament bound in vellum, the chancellor and several 
of the nobility with gloves, together with Mr Skinner 
instructor to Mr Cecil, and the music and trumpets being 
liberally rewarded (for there is £14. 9^. 2d. entered in 
Dr Howland's computus to that purpose), the vice-chan- 15 
cellor and heads etc. returned to Cambridge, and the 
queen having ended her progress went on her way to 

Of his second year's^ vice-chancellorship I find nothing 
memorable, but that he was made bishop^ the same year, 20 
the rewards of his first year's services being reserved for 
the second, and the chancellor being rewarded in his 

He was born at Newport Ponds in Essex ^ September 
an. 1540, was fellow of Peterhouse*, thence removed to 25 
Magdalene college an. 1575, and from thence to St John's 
an. 1577. That he had any other preferments is to me 
unknown, except the rectory of Statherne^, whereunto he 
was presented by the master and fellows of Peterhouse 
upon the death of Ealph Aynsworth an. 1569. 00 

He commenced D.D. an. 1578 whilst vice-chancellor, 
when by his office being obliged to moderate at the 
vespers of the commencement, a grace*' passed the house 
to enable him to wear a red cape and other doctoral 

1 An. 1584. in locum magistri Geo. Ac worth, 

2 Elected bishop Jan. 22, con- Nov. ti an. 1562. Eegr. coll. Petr. 
firmed Febr. 6, consecrated Febr. 7 5 jjg ^^g rector of Sibston com. 
at Lambeth. Eegr. V/hitgift. Leicest. which he held in commen- 

^ Parker, S«^eX. Cant. dam. 

4 Admissus socius coD. D. Petri ^ xjt utatm- capa rubea et aliis 


ornaments whilst he moderated, notwithstanding the 

He died June 23 an. 1600, as appears from his own 
register \ 

ornamentis doctoralibus non obstan- 1578. 

te statuto. Ecgr. acad. Jun. 18, ^ Regv. Howlaiid. Dr Kennet. 



Admitted Febe. 25th an. 1586. 

We now come to one wlio, though he never were a 
bishop, yet was one of the greatest men the college ever 
had. Dr Whitaker was (elected I cannot saj, for the 
fellows chose another) but admitted at Trinity college^ by 
Dr Copcot vice-chancellor Febr. 25, 1586, or on St Mat- 5 
thias' day, according to a manuscript note of Mr Bois, who 
gave his vote against him. 

I never yet could learn who it was that opposed this 
great man in this election : I should suspect it to have been 
Mr Palmer, had he then been eligible by his standing, lo 
being said in an authentic MS.^ to have been chosen 
master of St John's college; but he having not then been 
bachelor of divinity, it may perhaps with more probability 
be said to have been Andrew Downs, and the rather be- 
cause Mr Bois gave his vote for him, which he would 15 
hardly have done against Mr Whitaker for any one but 
him, that had been his constant assistant in his studies 
and instructor in the Greek tongue^, then almost lost and 
forgot in this society, had it not been restored by Mr Downs: 
who leaving the house the same year that Dr Whitaker 20 
came hither, and going to Trinity, and being chose Greek 
professor about the same time, this looks like some com- 
pensation made him for his disappointment, or as if there 
were somewhat that made him uneasy in his old college. 

^ Admitted fellow of Trinity «ol- ^ ]y[g_ Tenison. 

lege Sept. 6, 1569. 3 ms. Life of Mr Jo. Bois. 


Whoever was chose \ it was certainly a rasli thing in the 
college and the falsest step they ever made, since the pro- 
vocation given the king in the opposition made to Dr Day, 
to reject such a man as Dr Whitaker; especially when he 
5 came armed with the queen's authority, then more unques- 
tionable, she having promoted the last master to the see of 

It must be confessed he had somewhat of the old 
leaven. His marriage into the families of the Culvervells 

lo and Fenners, his acquaintance with Mr Cartwright, Fulk, 
Chaderton and Dod, might give him an insensible bias 
that way. And yet the meetings he held with Fulk, 
Chaderton and Dod were not to introduce a new discipline, 
but to expound the scripture: and his letter^ (in concert 

15 with others) to Mr Cartwright, persuading him to under- 
take an answer to the Rhemish testament, might admit of 
a fair answer, had it been done in better company; allow- 
ing it to have been wrote with design to turn the edge of 
that fierce and angry spirit against our adversaries of the 

20 church of Rome, which had been exercised too keenly 
against Dr Whitgift : though it be very- true that bishop 
Whitgift afterwards forbid Cartwright to meddle in that 

If some expressions of his in his controversies with 

25 Home have been made use of in favour of another sort of 

' men, it is no more than has happened to some of the 

fathers of the church, who in the heat of argument have 

dropt expressions that have been turned upon them by 

their adversaries of another kind. It is certain Dr Whitaker 

30 altered his opinion of Mr Cartwright, where he gives this 
character of his second reply, being his most perfect work^: 
Ne vivam, si quid unquam viderim dissolutius ac pene 

But it is harder to cover him from connivance than 

35 from countenance given to these men ; for that a new race 
should grow up in his time, whereof Mr Henry Alvey 

1 Of Whitaker's election to be ^ Cartwright's answer to the 

master, see Strype's Annals, Vol, in. Ehem. Test, pref . 

1. 2, cap. 7 [p. 166'], where Watson ^ Bancroft's Survay, p. 379. [ed. 

and Stanton are said to have been i593]- 
Lis competitors. 

182 ST John's college. 

(afterwards master of Trinity college in Dublin) was the 
liead, though it might not altogether be prevented, yet 
that a general meeting or synod of the brethren should 
be held in St John's college an. 1589, Cartwright and 
others present, wherein^ the hook of discipline was cor- 5 
reeled and perfected, and wherein it loas agreed, that so 
many as would, should subscrihe the said hook, could hardly 
have happened without the master's knowledge. And 
though information or complaint being made hereof at that 
time, it was denied in a letter^ subscribed by the major lo 
part of the fellows that any presbytery was erected in the 
college, yet such an assembly might, and I suppose was, 
held at that time, nor is it disowned in that letter. 

About the same time it was that bishop Bancroft^ de- 
scribes a college in Cambridge, where (as credibly reported) 15 
when it happened that in their disputations the authority 
either of Saint Augustine, or of Saint Ambrose, or of 
Saint lerome, or of any other of the antient Fathers: nay 
the whole consent of them alltogether was alledged, it was 
reiected with very great disdaine .... Whereas at other 20 
time, when ... a man of an other humor doth aunswere .... 
heinge pressed with the authority either of Caluin or Beza, 
shall chance to deny it : you shall see some heginne to smile, 
in commiseration of such the poor mans simplicity : some 
grow to he angry in regard of such presumption : and some 25 
will depart away, accounting such a kinde of fellowe not 
worthy the hearing. I am far from thinking the master 
could be guilty of such indiscretions, his works answer 
such objections, but I am afraid it will be thought that 
nothing of this kind could happen in a society where he 30 
did preside without some blot upon his conduct*. 

This, were it no otherwise to be excused, might be 
forgiven to the lenity of his temper, and he might be more 

1 Survay, cap. 4, p. 67. Davn- society dated Ma. 6, 1612, styles it 
gerovs Positions, 1.3, c. 7 [ed. 1593, Alvey's government in Dr Whit- 
p. 92.] aker's time, and says the college 

2 Dat. 20 Oct. 1590. had not then recovered of that pre- 
'•^ Bancroft, ibid. [Survay, c. 4, judice that Alvey's government had 

P- 64-] brought upon it. Ex archivis. 

* Bishop Neile, in a letter to the 


willing to be easy with these men whilst his hands were 
full with his other adversaries of the church of Rome, 
who were so impetuous against him as not to treat him 
with common decency or tolerable humanity, especially 
5 Stapleton, who was more outrageous than the rest. It 
was by this lenity that he won upon a divided society, 
the majority whereof had been against his coming in, who 
were not otherwise to be gained but by temper and for- 
bearance. By this way they were so effectually gained, 

lo that notwithstanding the opposition that had been made 
by the same men that would have given him the exclu- 
sion, they were all at last united in their affection to their 
master, and he had no enemies to overcome. 

Among these was Mr Bois, who received particular 

15 marks of his condescension, when notwithstanding the 
greater affairs of the house and his unintermitted studies 
in writing books and preparing himself for the business 
of the chair, he found time to be at his lectures in his 
chamber on Friday nights to hear his pupils declaim : 

20 and others, no doubt, met with the like encouragement, 
where they were equally deserving. The rewards of learn- 
ing were impartially distributed under him\ all indirect 
courses, especially of bribery (it seems it had been formerly 
practised), were utterly discouraged, there was only one 

25 way of coming at preferment, and that the true one, which 
was open to all and every one might pursue. This made 
the college flourish in learning and swarm in numbers. 
The author of Mr Bois' Life says there were thirty-eight 
fellow-commoners here at the same time, if not of the same 

30 year, which, to take it at the more moderate computa- 
tion, is more than had ever been since the foundation, 
or have ever been since, and I think I may say, more 
than probably can ever be again. 

One would wonder how room could be found for so 

35 many with other scholars proportionably numerous. But 
besides pretty large buildings behind the kitchen, the work 
and gift of Dr Metcalf when the college was then crowded, 
which with the master's gallery on the north side did 

1 Vit. Whitaker. inter Opera, Genevae. [i. 7o^-] 

184 ST John's college. 

then go by the name of the other court, the Tbuildings 
of the old house formerly made use of for a stable and 
other offices were now fitted up and rented out in tene- 
ments. This is evident from the old books \ where 
amongst the other tenements in the town of Cambridge 5 
the rents of the new tenement or hospitium novum intra 
pr(jecinctum coUegii, uhi olim erat hospitale D. Johannis, etc. 
are placed to account, as likewise the other tenement or 
hospitium novum prope collegium ex adverso collegii, where 
the pensionary and college stables now stand. lo 

This may be said further for Dr Whitaker, that in his 
time the books were more regularly digested and brought 
into better method than they were before; which though 
it might be the business of a bursar, yet the alteration 
having happened in his first year, may reasonably be 15 
thought to have been done by his direction. 

These were things of business ; of his learning I need 
say nothing, whereof he has left so many specimens to 
the world, nor is his principal commendation to be sought 
from thence ; I should hardly praise him for his learning, 20 
had it been confined to his own person; it was diffusive 
and spread itself over the whole society, where by his 
example, instruction and encouragement he raised such an 
emulation amongst his fellows as to make others learned 
as well as himself; to that degree, that the society in 25 
his time was looked upon as somewhat more than a pri- 
vate college. He himself, who was no boaster, used to 
style it an university, for which expression he is quoted 
by bishop Morton^, who was chose fellow under him 
purely for his learning and worth against eight competi- 30 
tors most of them well recommended and better befriended 
than he was. 

Dr Fuller has picked up a pretty story (as he has 
done many) concerning this master's preferring men of 
reputed religion, though otherwise dunces, to men of learn- 35 
ing in the elections he made; but this story has been 
told of so many masters, that I much doubt whether it 
be true of any of them. The doctor was certainly un- 

1 Liber tliesaurar. an. 1587, 1588. 2 j^p Morton's Life, p. 64. 


happy in his choice, for he could hardly have thought 
of a master, had he sought for him, with whom his story 
would have .agreed and suited less. But stories are such 
pretty things and such embellishments of the doctor's 
5 history, that it is hard for him to pass them by, and the 
doctor has always faith enough to believe the strangest 
stories, which are the best till they are contradicted. The 
author of Dr Whitaker's Life gives a very different ac- 
count of his conduct in elections and more agreeable to 

lo his usual prudence, for he was no easy man nor to be 
imposed upon by sanctimonious dunces. 

To that author^ I shall refer for his general character, 
as well as for other particulars of his life. But because 
that author, who has done right to Dr Whitaker, has 

15 said nothing of himself, and by suppressing his own name 
deserves so much better to be remembered, I shall just 
reflect so much light upon him as to say it was Mr John 
Allenson^, a Durham man of a good family in that county 
and fellow of the same college^, the same man that pub- 

20 lished some of Dr Whitaker's posthumous works from 
his lectures taken in short hand as they were read in 
the schools, and shews the usage of those times, when 
these lectures, now so much neglected, were not only con- 
stantly read, but diligently heard by most, and copied out 

25 by some. 

I have heard Mr A. Ashton the doctor's countryman 
named for the author of this Life, but I suppose he wrote 
no more than some verses upon the occasion of Dr Whit- 
aker's decease, printed with the rest by way of appendix 

30 to the Life of that learned man. 

He died December 4th 1595 of a fever contracted by 
his journey to London upon occasion of the Lambeth 
Articles, and is buried in the chapel under no very costly 
monument of white marble with his epitaph at large. 

35 The college gave him a public funeral* the manner of 

1 Vit. Whitaker. inter Opera, Ge- Ashton, so there must be a mistake 
nevae. [i. 701.] in the MS. 

2 MS. Tenison. But in the first ^ Jq. AUenson Dunelm. admissus 
edition of this Life printed at Cam- socius 1583. Eegr. coll. Jo. 
bridge, it is said to be wrote by Ab. * ^he college hall, the lower part 

186 ST John's college. 

which is described in his Life, as the expense of it, to 
the honour of the society, does yet stand upon their books \ 
where so much is put down for Dr Whitaker's funeral 
feast according to the mode of these times, so much for 
his tomb and so much for other charges. Mr Bois^ made 5 
the funeral oration in the name of the college, as the 
vice-chancellor and public orator or his deputy did at St 
Mary's. It seems his library was very choice and valu- 
able, for by a letter'' from archbishop Whitgift it ap- 
pears the queen had a design upon it for herself, as the ro 
archbishop had upon his written books and papers, and 
the rather, I suppose, because the Lambeth Articles were 
among them, that for good reasons were not then thought 
fit to be divulged. 

He died young, aged 47 years, was chosen regius pro- 15 
fessor when he was about one and thirty, and master of 
St John's before he was forty. He left a wife and eight 
children, so that he must have married pretty early, for he 
was twice married, and two years intervened betwixt his 
marriages. He and Dr Chaderton master of Emmanuel 20 
married two sisters. He was reproached with his marriage 
by Stapleton ; whatever such men thought of it, I am sure 
it could be no objection to the society, for he kept his wife 
in town, according to a laudable injunction* of queen Eliza- 
beth generally observed till towards the times of usurpation, 25 
when all things run into confusion and wives with their 
dependances were brought in to the disturbance of scholars. 

It has generally been thought that the controversy with 
Dr Baro occasioned the Lambeth Articles, and consequently 
his death which ensued upon that journey. That is a mis- 30 
take; it was Barrett's case that occasioned these articles'^ 
and Dr Baro's controversy came not on till after these 
articles were sent down, occasioned by his opposing them 

of the chapel where he was buried, ^ Liber thesaur. an. 1595. 

the old court and St Mary's church ^ ]y[g_ Ljfg of j^jj. Jq_ g^jg^ 

were hung with blacks, besides es- ^ Dat. Decern. 8 an. 159'^. MS. 

cutcheons and many papers of verses. Whitgift. 

The heads and other doctors attended ^ Hare, Collect, ad an. 3 Eliz. 

in their copes and robes with the printed in Weaver, [ed. 1631. p. 

regents and non-regents in their pro- 1 84.] 

per habits, etc. MS. « MS. Whitgift, coll. Trin. Cant. 


and preacliing against them in his sermon^ ad clerum. 
For thoagh he had been a secret abettor of Mr Barrett, yet 
it was that sermon (preached after Dr Whitaker's death) 
that cost him so much trouble and at last obliged him to 

5 quit his post in the university. 

I shall only take notice of one other thing under this 
master, because it is of use towards explaining the consti- 
tution of the college in a case that seldom happens. Though 
there was no visitation under this master, for which there 

lo could be no occasion, yet there was an instance^ wherein 
the visitor was to be consulted, and the see of Ely being 
then vacant, recourse was had to the archbishop of Canter- 
bury (then bishop Whitgift^), who is there said to be 
visitor sede vacaiite. But a fellowship being void about 

1 5 the same time in the nomination of the bishop of Ely, the 
archbishop did not interpose, but the queen presented to it 
one Mr William Crashaw^, a Yorkshire man and as such 
not eligible upon the'foundation, who was admitted fellow 
Jan. -19, 1593, and lived to do honour to the society by his 

2o name and writings ; not by leaving them books as has been 
imagined^. One Richard Cox of the county of Cambridge, - 
nearly related to the bishop of Ely of that name, had been 
presented upon the same right and title an. 1585. So it 
seems the right of visiting sede vacante is in the archbishop, 

25 but the right of nominating fellows is in the crown, which 
I rather mention, because it is otherwise at Peterhouse (as 
likewise at Jesus), where the archbishop during the va- 
cancy of the see of Ely admits the master as well as the 
fellows, and (as my author^ has it, which I will not answer 

30 for) disposes of a vacant fellowship to whom he pleases. 

1 jg^„_ j2 an. 1595. ^ ^^S' ^- ^- The books that 

2 Liber thesaur. an. 1592, 3. bear MrCrashaw's name were given 

3 He had been one of the visitors hy the earls of Southampton, Henry 
authoritate regia some years before ; and Thomas, being purchased of Mr 
whether he were now so, I cannot Crashaw ; about 200 MS. volumes 
say. The archbishop's power of vi- and 2000 printed books. See Mr 
siting (seek Eliensi vacante) was judi- Crashaw's letters inter archiva coll. ; 
daily determined by the archbishop only 162 MSS. came to the college 
and assistants, and submitted to by from T. S. 

the college; the original whereof I ^ Antiqu. Brit. pp. 29, 35. [ed. 

have seCTi. 1572- Only the last reference is to 

4 Eegr. coll. tlie point.] 

188 ST John's college. 

This master was only B.D. when he came to St John's; 
he commenced D.D. an. 1587, when one of his questions^ 
was, JPa^a est insignis ille antichristus. And to do him 
some right against the disciplinarians, one of his questions 
when he commenced B.D. was, Disciplina ecclesiastica non 5 
est e sacris fontihus eruenda. There is a treatise without 
a title amongst our MSS. upon this subject; whether it 
might not be composed by him I leave to others to inquire, 
but it has been wrote about this time and by no common 
pen. If it leans towards Erastianism, that to me is no ob- lo 
jection, for so did several of the heads (and other divines) 
at that time. 

He has been said to commence D.D. an. 1582 ; that 
mistake might proceed from a letter^ sent by the senate 
to the lord Burghley chancellor, for a dispensation for i5 
Mr Whitaker's degree of doctor, which never took effect. 
It is certain he was only B.D. when he came to St 

The same year he died he was admitted to a prebend 
of Canterbury, where he subscribes Mail 6 an. 1595, and 20 
was succeeded therein by Adrian de Saravia in December 
the same year: one of his names was fellow^ of Eton. I 
meet with him sometimes at Blunsham, whether he were 
rector there I cannot say ; this I can say, that he deserved 
that and greater preferments, and indeed wanted them*, 25 
for he died poor considering the charge and family he left 
behind him. It was some reproach to the nation that the 
two greatest professors that ever filled the chair should 
have been no better provided for, I mean this professor and 
Martin Bucer, who was forced^ to borrow moneys with his 30 
last breath. 

One Dr Whitthaker an Englishman and then a warm 

1 MS. Tenison. 3 MS. Tenison. I find by Dr 

2 Upon the public orator's book, Ward's papers the provostship of 
dat. f non. Febr.; the year is want- Eton was intended for him, but that 
ing ; but by the series and order it fell too late. 

stands in it should be 1580, for the * He was prebendary of Norwich, 

two letters preceding and following and resigned a prebend of Paul's 

are dated that year, 1580. He was upon taking other preferments, 

then B.D. and regius professor, ^ ]y];g_ ^oll. Corp. Chr. 


maintainer of tlie discipline took that degree with Zanchy ^ 
at Heidelbergh an. 1568, and for aught I know may have 
been sometimes confounded with our doctor, and may have 
occasioned some mistakes amongst such as did not make 
5 or know this distinction. 

^ V. Zanchii Epist. lib. i. p, 40O, etc. [ed. Hanov. 1609. p. 539 is not 
etc. ; lib. 2, pp. 338, 339, 553, 554, to the point, but rather 556.] 


Admitted December 22 an. 1595 ; admitted Pensioner in 
THIS College an. 1572, Scholar of the House an. 1574, 
AND Fellow 1577; son of John Clayton of Crook com. 
Lanc. Gent. 

De Whitaker being dead and his exequies performed 
with all due solemnitj, the next thing the college was to 
think of was a new master. They had then several learned 
men^ among them, amongst the rest Dr Playfere, who 
though he were of greatest fame for learning, as appeared ,5 
by the choice of him next year to be Margaret professor, 
yet Dr Clayton having been fellow of the college and very 
acceptable to the society, being a man of business and very 
sociable, and he^ with Mr Stanton being recommended by 
the chancellor to their choice with the queen's mandate to lo 
choose one of the two, though he were then master of 
Magdalene, he was brought hither from that college, elected 
and admitted master Decem. 22, 1595 ; whereby as the 
business of the college might be advanced, so it was no 
advancement of learning. i ,^ 

It was Mr Bois' observation'' that about this time, as 
the college begun to rise in buildings, so it declined in 
learning; which was certainly very true, for the master 
not long after his coming hither having brought them the 
agreeable news of a new court, they were so overjoyed or 20 

^ Mr Alvey had a majority of the afterwards dean of Lincohi, ab an. 

fellows, but being disaffected to the 1601 ad an. 1613. 

discipline of the church, was not ap- ^ MS. Life. Novimus collegium 

proved at court. illud crevisae in sedificiis et decre- 

^ MS. Whitgift. Laur. Stanton, visse in Uteris. 


SO overbusied with arcliitecture, that their other studies 
were intermitted and the noise of axes and hammers dis- 
turbed them in their proper business. The same person 
observes that under Dr Whitaker the society flourished 

5 most in learning, insomuch that they were then so crowded 
that one court was hardly able to contain the crowd, and 
therefore it was a very laudable design to provide more 
room, had they, whilst the second court was going up, 
taken equal care to preserve their numbers ; the fault was 

lo that whilst they provided for room they did not want it. 

The s.econd court \ the great work of this master, was 
begun by his persuasion through the unwearied agency of 
Mr R. Booth ^ our best solicitor in 1598, being put into 
the hands of two undertakers Wigge and Symons (a way 

15 of building not so allowable in works intended for pos- 
terity) who for the sum of £3400 obliged themselves in 
four years to erect a court in the same (or better) manner 
than it now stands, to be completely finished in 1602. 
The materials of the old building were thrown in to mend 

20 their bargain, and this first sum of £3400 the foundress 
obliged herself to make good. By a second contract the 
nndertakers were to -receive further £205 for some addi- 
tional buildings and ornaments, viz. for making the build- 
ings half story etc. ; and this it was hoped the foundress 

25 would allow. The foundation was laid Octobr. 2*^, 1598 ; 
the north side of the court was finished an. 1599, that side 
being first undertaken, either because it was designed for 
accommodating the master, or because the old buildings on 
the other side were to stand till more room was made. The 

30 rest of the building rose more slowly, though, bating some 
small particulars, the whole was finished in the year 1602, 
in a manner ruinous to the undertakers and not over- 
advantageous to the college. The undertakers were un- 
done (for soon after I meet with Wigge in prison petition- 

35 ing the society) and the college had a slight and crazy 
building left them, which can never live up to the age of 

^ Ex archivis. ham. admissus sociua Apr. 7, 1587. 

2 Eobert Boothe Cestren. admis- Ibid. [E.. B. of Cheshire was "our 

sus socius Mar. 12, 1572-3. Eegr. best soUcitor."] 
coll, Jo. Eobert Boothe Netting- 

192 ST John's college. 

the first court, though that court he older by almost 100 
years : and yet the contract was punctually performed on 
their side hy the payment of £3605 v/itli somewhat over, 
the whole charge amounting to £3665, a good part whereof 
was never received by them, by the foundress' misfortunes 5 
coming on soon after, which disabled her to make good 
what she so well intended. Only £2760 appears to have 
been received of her, the rest is placed to account as due, 
and was either made good by the college, or does not ap- 
pear to have been paid by the foundress. In 1620 she 10 
was in arrears \ and being then in some disorder, there 
could be little hopes left of payment. Part of Mr Rob. 
Booth's legacy seems to have been applied to that use. 
However she is justly entitled to the foundation of the 
whole, what she did being wholly owing to her favour, and 15 
what she left undone being owing to her misfortunes. 

The payments that were made by her or her order 
were made sometimes to the master at London or Lincoln, 
and sometimes to him or the several bursars in college, 
and though the countess of Shrewsbury be never named 20 
otherwise than as foundress, yet the payments being made 
by so many different hands, to so many several persons, 
at different times and in different places, there could be no 
such mystery or secrecy in the thing as has been imagined. 
It is certain the secret was out before the building was up, 25 
and that both she and the lord her husband were known 
to be at the bottom of the design, though from a clause in 
the contract it seems to have been at first a secret, where 
the undertakers oblige themselves to leave room over the 
gate for such arms as the college should afterwards set up 30 
there, which are now the arms of Talbot and Cavendish. 
Her statue was given by the late duke of Newcastle out 
of respect to the society as well as with regard to his name 
and family. 

Thus the court was finished by this excellent lady with 35 
the consent, countenance and assistance of the earl her 
husband : her faults or misfortunes are foreign to my pur- 
pose, occasioned by her intriguing in the match betwixt 

^ Liter, coll. 


her kinswoman the lady Arabella and Sir William Seymor, 
and afterwards reporting that that lady had borne him a 
son, for the which she was first imprisoned and afterwards, 
refusing to answer, was fined very heavily, viz. £20,000, 
5 and again imprisoned during the king's pleasure. 

That she had ever any thoughts of endowing her 

court (as has been said^) is more than I know, and much 

more than I believe. In all the papers^ there is nothing 

said of such a design, but there is enough said to con- 

lo tradict it. 

The court being finished was to be divided out, and 
the proportions adjusted betwixt the master and the fel- 
lows, wherein the master had a large share, as reasonable, 
most of it having been built upon his ground, either 
15 where his garden or his old gallery stood, and all of it 
under his conduct and by his and Mr Booth's persuasion, 
and there being now room enough, several of the scholars 
that were willing to keep in them^ had likewise chambers, 
somewhat whereof continued till of late years, and some- 
20 what (though very little) till the building of the last 
court ; when (as one would imagine) the scholars lost their 
shares for want of room. 

The master having got over this arduous affair, so 
very difficult and troublesome to him (being grounded 
25 upon deficient funds and managed by unequal under- 
takers, who did neither satisfy nor were satisfied them- 
selves, so that the whole ended in a suit at law) was now 
at liberty to attend more public business ; and being very 
considerable by having brought new ornament to the 
3° university as yet low in buildings, was chose vice-chan- 
cellor an. 1605, an office he would have discharged with 
greater lustre but that the plague^ broke out that year, 
occasioning a recess of the heads, a dispersion of the 
scholars and an intermission of exercise for some time. 

^ MS. D. M. and enjoy them ; not that they had 

2 Inter archiva. ^'11 distinct chambers, only paid no- 

3 College orders Feb. 23, 1608. thing for their chambers, nor did 
The scholars of the house in seni- the proper sizars, as appears from 
ority, such as would keep in them, an order_to that purpose. Archiv. 
otherwise the next seniors to take * Eegr. acad. 


194 ST John's college. 

However in 1606 exercise was resumed, and it was some 
lionom' to his year, as well as to the society, that Dr Morton 
afterwards bishop of Durham commenced D.D. and kept 
his act under him,. to the satisfaction of all that heard that 
performance, particularly of the two professors, Dr Overall 5 
and Dr Playfere, the latter whereof opposed him, though 
he were then Margaret professor ; the last time, I believe, 
he acted in that capacity, for soon after he fell into 
disorder, and the year following^ Dr Branthwaite acted as 
his deputy; in the succeeding year he died^ Feb. 1 an. lo 
1608, aged 46 years, agreeably to the inscription on his 
picture in the gallery ^ 

Nothing memorable besides happened under Dr Clay- 
ton's vice-chancellorship, except an order* for the observ- 
ance of the fifth of November in a very solemn manner 15 
in the university, and that with regard to their duty and 
gratitude to the king who had been heaping privileges 
upon them ; having given them a power of sending bur- 
gesses to parliament in the first year of his reign, and in 
his second year having granted them a very ample charter®, 20 
confirming their ancient privileges and adding new ones, 
and in this year, which w^as his third, having empowered 
them to nominate and present to the livings of popish 
recusants, having first given them the two wealthy rec- 
tories of Somersham and Terrington as an augmentation 25 
to the two professorships. 

The next year an order passed rather fawning than 
dutiful; for the king having expressed his dislike of 
tobacco by his Counterblast fulminated against it, the 
university, to shew how entirely they were in his majesty's 30 
sentiments, passed an order against excessive drinking 
and taking tobacco. But notwithstanding the learning 
both of the king and the university that evil custom has 
prevailed, when the king's book as well as the university's 
order is almost forgot. 35 

1 Regr. acad, register, the more authentic account, 

2 Life of Bp. Williams, [i.] p. 18. he died an. 1608, and was buried 

3 Dr Playfare according to hia Tebr. 3. V. regr. eccl. S*i Botulph. 
epitaph died 4*° non. Febr. an. 1609, * Dat. Oct. 20, 1606. 

eetatis sua3 47. According to the ® Ex archivis acad. 


Although Dr Clayton survived his vice-chancellorship 
some years, yet he does not afterwards appear much in 
business, a good part of his time being employed at Lin- 
coln and Peterborough, where his preferments lay, being 
5 dean^ of Peterborough and archdeacon and prebendary of 
Lincoln: and whilst he was in college, no small share of 
his time was devoted to the seniors, either in college 
business or entertainments, which in his time^ begun to 
run high ; whereby being become very acceptable, new 

lo advantages were added to the mastership. For besides 
the vast addition from the new buildings, the monthly 
dividend amongst the present fellows^ being now estab- 
lished, the master was to receive a double share, and 
being often absent was to be allowed in his absence, a 

15 privilege not extending to any of the fellows. 

But however reasonable this might be thought, another 
advantage was allowed more exceptionable; for towards 
the increase of the mastership it was decreed* that the 
master might make choice of any leas© belonging to the 

20 college to be for ever annexed to the mastership, and to 
enjoy the profits thereof, the rent of corn and money being 
only reserved ; the consequences whereof might have been 
very fatal, for though the present master did not choose 
the best, yet his successor Dr Gwyn chose a better, and 

25 afterwards the fellows in course begun to choose, which 
might have ended very ill and have reduced the junior fel- 
lows to beggary, had it not received a check first by com- 
plaints at court, and afterwards by a visitation or appeal to 
the visitor at Ely, which the master and seniors were forced 

30 to submit to, to screen themselves from a higher power. 

By such means this master, as well as by his other 
preferments, heaped up great riches, but did not know who 
should gather them, for dying suddenly of an apoplexy ° 

* Installed dean Jul. 28, 1607; ^ Regr. decret. an. 1601, Febr. 

archdeacon Aug. 30, 1595 ; prebend- ■* Ibid. an. 1598, Mar. 6. 

ary of Lincoln Jan. 10, 1595. Some ^ MS. D. M. ; MS. Bp. Neile, 

few years before his death, an. 1609, who was employed to provide him a 

Apr. 19, he was admitted warden chariot sometime before his death, 

of a hospital in the city of Lin- being disabled by a sciatica or some 

coin. such distemper. Dr Clayton's in- 

^ Lib. thesaur. ventory at Lincoln amounted to 


196 ST John's college. 

May 2**, 1612 without a will, his next relations not agree- 
ing about the division, his wealth became a rich booty 
to the men of the law. It has been said he intended 
to make the college his heir, I cannot contradict that 
report, but I have often observed that thej that have 5 
profited most by the college have done the least for it 
when they come to die, being willing, it seems, to make a 
gift of what they leave, rather than bestow it where it may 
be thought a debt. 

One thing was owing to his government, that puritan- 10 
ism, that had taken such deep root, was now in great mea- 
sure rooted out of the college; as may partly be gathered 
from bishop Williams \ who was a young fellow under 
him and has left a youthful character of this master, part 
whereof is that names of distinction were banished under 15 
him and that papist and puritan were no longer terms of 
distinction. The rest of the character is such as young 
men usually give their masters to whom they owe their 
preferment, or on whom they hold a dependance. His 
temper in this matter appeared further in the controversy 20 
and censure of Barret and Baro^, wherein he shewed him- 
self no such favourer of the Calvinist opinions as were the 
rest of the heads ; which procured him some respects from 
archbishop Whitgift, who wanted either light or zeal to 
keep pace and go along with the rigours of the zealous 25 
heads of those times, and was forced to make use of Dr Clay- 
ton to qualify and abate their heat. 

He was (as has been said) a man of business, and had 
as much learning as his successor, somewhat whereof ap- 
peared in his having been pitched upon at the commence- 30 
ment in 1587 to keep the act of B.D., when the questions^ 
he held were well enough chose, if they were as well de- 
fended. But it was not to his advantage that Dr Whitaker 
kept the act the same commencement. 

near £2000. Administration was ^ Lifeof Bp. Vaughan, MS. p. 30 : 

first granted to Richard Smith of Nee enim nunc (ut non ita dudum) 

Lincoln ; but these letters were re- nomina sortiuntur ut, si non (si diis 

vokedandafterwardsgrantedto Jane placet) Catharistse, ab illis continue 

Ashton widow, sister and nearest Papistte ceuseantur. 
relation to the deceased E. C. Eegr. ^ ]^g_ w^iitgjft^ coll. Trin. Cant. 

Line. [MS,Baker,xxxviii.3i2,3i3.] 3 ]\,/[g_ Tenison. 


He has not (that I ever could meet with) left so much 
as one book to the libraiy to preserve his memory, a usual 
respect even from those masters that have done least for 
the college. His predecessor has left that mark of respect, 
5 though he had both less reason and much less abilities. 
After much solicitation £30 was recovered from his rela- 
tions, his best bason' and ewer is said to have been pro- 
mised, but it was carried off with the other rich booty, and 
such things, after they are once gone, do not usually return. 

so Bishop Neile, who was employed in preventing a man- 
date for his successor, as well as in giving directions for his 
funeral^, ordered that it should be very sumptuous'', and 
having heard that Dr Richardson was thought of to preach 
his funeral sermon, is so much concerned thereat, that 

15 rather than any but a St John's man should preach the 
sermon, undertakes that he himself (though indisposed) or 
Dr Barlow bishop of Lincoln should perform that office. 
But Dr Carey at the instance of the bishop was sent down 
by the king to do that duty, a fair intimation (without a 

20 mandate) that he was designed to succeed him: a banquet 
was to be provided for all strangers and the whole house to 
exceed that night in some extraordinary manner. 

^ Liter, inter arch. coll. gents in their habits, etc. Dr Carey 

^ Bp. Neile's letter, dat. May preached the sennon at St Mary's ; 

6th, 16 1 2. Mr Nethersole public orator made 

3 It was indeed sumptuous; the the oration, as Mr Cecil did at the 

old court, gate-house and street as college. All the college servants and 

far as the rails do reach, the lower some others had cloaks, and six poor 

chapel, the hall, the gallery were all men and as many women gowns, etc. 

hung with blacks, as was likewise All concluded with a costly banquet 

St Mary's church with blacks, escut- in the gallery. MS. [Printed in 

cheons and verses. The heads and ' Communications made to Cambr, 

other doctors attended in their copes Ant. Soc' ii. 139, 140.] 
or robes, with regents and non-re- 

Admitted May 16th an. 1612. 

De Clayton having left the college in no very flourish- 
ing state of learning, they had no large choice amongst 
themselves ; and yet Mr Senhouse was then memher of the 
society, who though he was not thought of for master, in 
a few years after was esteemed worthy to he a bishop, and 5 
the other competitors that were rejected came all of them 
afterwards to great preferments. The three great men most 
in view (for he that was chosen was not great) were Dx Mor- 
ton dean of Winchester, Dr Carey master of Christ's and 
Dr Meriton then or lately fellow of Queens'. They were lo 
all of them originally of St John's (Dr Carey ^ had been 
twice chosen fellow in an unusual manner), hut being then 
no gremials, nor very solicitous for a preferment they did 
not want, they were easily supplanted by a man of less 
worth, but of more intrigue and greater ambition. 15 

This was Owen Gwyn (a name that adds no lustre to 
our annals), who by his interest in the seniors and his own 
and pupil's intrigues (who needs not be named ^) with the 
rest of the fellows was brought in master and admitted May 
16th, 1612, to the great grief and with much reluctance of 20 
most of the better sort of men, who would have consulted 
the honour and interest of the society in a nobler choice. 

^ An. 1591, Mar. 26; an. 1599, wsls only admissus socius. 

Mar. 14. From that year the form ^ [See below, p. 201. 1. 17 ; Hack- 

of admission upon the register is in et's Life of Williams, i. 22.] 
perjpetuum socium, whereas before it 


When I reflect upon this and the two former elections, 
I cannot but sometimes wish that the choice of masters 
were in other hands, I mean the crown's. For to saj 
nothing of the factions and divisions that might be avoided 
5 by such a course, it is but too evident that the crown 
usually makes better masters than colleges choose: the one 
sends governors, the others choose such as will be governed, 
at least such with whom they can be easy, or that will not 
sit too hard upon them. And whoever impartially views 

lo most of our elections, will I believe observe that good 
nature and a sociable temper are generally made the first 
ingredients in a master. 

This was the case of Mr Gwyn, who being an easy man 
and owing his preferment to men of ease, he gave himself 

f5 up to be governed by his electors, who were neither the 
best nor the wisest men of that society. Being head of his 
house, his ambition did not reach much further, he sits 
down and reposes himself amongst his seniors, and is much 
more concerned for the revenues than the government of 

20 the college. The last master had a lease given him, this 
was continued and afterwards a better lease ^ bestowed upon 
this master, who by a due acknowledgement gives the 
seniors an option in their turns, so that in some years a 
good part of the fines and leases were cantoned out amongst 

25 the seniors. 

This was growing up several years, till becoming very 
scandalous and it being impossible to gratify the preten- 
sions and expectations of all the fellows, complaints at last 
broke out and a petition was preferred to the chancellor 

30 against this and other irregularities by one Mr Downehale, 
who thought himself neglected or injured in his claim. 
The master and seniors screen themselves under the sta- 
tutes^ protecting them from a visitor unless they should 
call him in, which under so much guilt they never intended 

35 to do. Mr Downhale was therefore put upon another 
course, of petitioning the chancellor and through him en- 
deavouring to open his way to the king, and being a man 

1 Eegr. decret. ; liter, coll. ; Dr. s Rgjr. liter. ; liter, inter arcliiva 

Clayton had Clavering; Dr Gwyn coll. 
chose Ridgwell Febr. 16, 1625. 

200 ST John's college. 

of character and interest, having been chaplain to bishop 
Williams and particularly known to the chancellor the 
earl of Holland, he pushed the thing so home that the 
master and seniors were driven to their last refuge, to 
have recourse to the bishop of Ely their visitor, which of 5 
all things they would not otherwise have thought of. 

They had shewn ^ how they were inclined five or six 
years ago, when upon complaints from some of the fellows 
the bishop of Ely offering to interpose as visitor, they 
refused to admit him or to send a copy of their statutes, iq 
though they were demanded. But being now struck by 
a higher power, they were all obedience to their visitor ; 
and it was certainly their wisdom to submit themselves 
to a visitation by their own act, rather than appear where 
they were prosecuted as criminals at the suit of others. 15 

It was their good fortune that the bishop of Ely Dr 
Buckridge was a quiet good man, then broken with age 
and infirmities, and more inclinable to restore peace to 
the college than to shew severity; who being satisfied 
with their submission, which was very humble, and with 20 
doing right to the station he held, put a quiet end to 
that affair, rather by advice to the master and seniors to 
redress their irregularities, by suggesting the dangerous 
consequences, than by using his authority in doing it 
himself. 25 

The bishop of Lincoln^ seems to have been concerned 
in the affair by giving countenance to his chaplain, though 
we do not hear of him till the master and seniors were 
in their great distress ; then (as nothing is more cowardly 
and creeping than guilt) they apply to him in a very 30 
submissive manner, and make large apologies that they 
did not address him sooner upon their entrance upon that 
unfortunate business, as they softly style it. But that pre- 
late knew how to distinguish betwixt a forced submission 
and a voluntary respect. oe 

All this did not happen at the same time, nor was 

^ An. 1625, when they were pro- niors by advising them to bring the 

tected by the lord Iceeper. matter into chancery, where he as 

2 He had formerly, an. 1625, keeper was to appoint delegates, 
countenanced the master and se- 


an end put to it till the year 1630, but T have laid it 
together, as being the most remarkable transaction under 
this prefecture, and as a useful caution to posterity not 
to venture upon irregular things by presuming too much 

5 upon impunity. It probably had this good effect that the 
alarm of it put the governors upon making a dividend 
of the fines amongst the fellows, a course and method 
that had not been practised till about this time, when they 
were alarmed with danger. 

r° To return back from this unfortunate business; the 
master, as he had been fortunate in his election, so he 
was no less successful upon his first entering upon his 
preferment; the same year that he was chose, in March 
following, the prince of Wales and the prince elector 

15 palatine with a numerous train of nobility etc. came to 
Cambridge \ A public act was kept before them, wherein 
Mr Williams^ (formerly the master's pupil) being con- 
cerned, he came down upon that great occasion, and being 
an active man and already in the eye of the court, part 

20 of the stream of its favours were turned upon his college. 

A very particular account^ of their entertainment is 
yet extant upon the books, furnished out with great mag- 
nificence in the master's gallery, the trumpets sounding 
upon the tower, and verses being composed and presented 

25 upon the occasion ; and it was then that the king's and 
queen's pictures were sent down that have since hung 
in the gallery. The earl of Southampton (who had for- 
merly been a worthy member of the society) assisted at 
the solemnity, and the master being unacquainted with 

30 such ceremonies, Mr Williams bore the greater share, 
wherein he found his account. The master was rewarded 
with the degree of doctor of divinity* conferred upon him 
at that act without the uneasiness of performing exercise, 
which we may suppose to have been no unacceptable 

35 favour, being without trouble and at the college expense. 

Two years after his majesty honoured the university 
with his presence, March 1614-5, and was so well satis- 
fied with his entertainment that he came again the May 

1 Eegr. acad. ^ Life of Ep. Williams, [i. 24 seq.] 

3 .Amounting in all to £131. 6s. 2d. * Kegr. acad. 

202 ST John's college, 

following. He too was entertained by the college \ for 
which £500 is placed to account, besides their propor- 
tion to the public charge. At his departure degrees were 
vilely prostituted to mean persons, such as apothecaries and 
barbers, and that in so scandalous a manner that some 5 
of them were afterwards degraded by a grace of the house^ ; 
though, to soften the matter, it was pretended that some 
of these degrees were surreptitiously obtained. Dr Harsnet 
master of Pembroke and bishop of Chichester was then 
vice-chancellor, who received all the marks of his majesty's lo 
bounty and favour ; that any great notice was taken of 
Dr Gwyn, I have not read: but he made his court so 
well to the vice-chancellor that he was employed by him 
in his absence, wherein he acquitted himself to that ad- 
vantage, that he was chosen vice-chancellor the year after. 15 

That year is not very memorable in our annals ; that 
he made a true and legal computus'' I am well assured, 
a business he was sufficiently qualified for, having been 
bursar of the college four years successively; he paid the 
moneys that were due upon account, and so was dis- 20 

. An afiair indeed of great weight and consequence was 
started under his* vice-chancellorship, which, though it was 
dashed in the following year, yet was the subject of dis- 
course and made a noise long after. The town of Cam- 25 
bridge having an ambition to be dignified with the title 
and privileges of a city, preferred a petition to his majesty 
to that purpose 1616. This being no where preserved, I 
shall give the contents of it as a curiosity worth remark. 
It sets forth : That whereas they were a very ancient cor- 30 
poration and held the town in fee farm of his majesty with 
divers franchises, liberties and jurisdictions granted by his 
majesty and divers of his noble progenitors, and whereas 
in ancient time Cambridge was one of the twenty-eight 
principal cities in England, and lately had been exceedingly 3^ 
graced by his highness' access thereunto; that it might 
please his majesty, for more dignifying the university and 

1 Computus fin. summam solvit in manus procancel- 

^ Eegr. acad. larii et sic quietus est. 

3 Oomp. acad. an. 1616: Qnam * Octob. 1616, ex archivis. 


the corporation or town, that the university and town of 
CamlDridge might he ranked and settled in equal degree 
with the nniversity of Oxford and the city of Oxford, and 
that the town might he incorporated to be a city, by the 

5 name of the mayor, aldermen and citizens of the city of 
Cambridge, with such officers, privileges, jurisdictions, etc. 
as the chancellor of England then high steward of the 
town and the lord treasurer of England then chancellor of 
the university and the attorney-general should think meet; 

lo saving to the university of Cambridge all their liberties, 
jurisdictions, pre-eminences and immunities whatsoever; 
and the petitioners should be bound to pray. 

This was first offered to the chancellor of Cambridge^, 
and by him to the university for their approbation or dis- 

15 sent, and though it might not deserve success, yet did not 
merit such a slurring answer as was sent by his majesty in 
his letter^ to the university, whereby the poor townsmen 
were made a song and scorn, and wanting moneys more 
than honour, the jest upon them was next commencement : 

^° cives, cives, quserenda pecimia primum est, 

Moenia post nummos. 

But this mortification was given them under the next 
vicechancellor, Dr Hills. 

As to Dr Gwyn, he does not appear much afterwards 
25 in public business ; only when the duke of Buckingham 
appeared for chancellor, having received intimation from 
court from bishop'Neile^ (formerly a member of the society), 
he shewed himself very zealous for the duke's interest, for 
which he received his grace's particular thanks*, and might 
30 reasonably have had some further expectations, had that 
great minister lived long enough to reward his friends. 

But these expectations, if any sucli were, sunk with 
the duke, and whether he had not taken equal care to 
oblige his successor I do not know; but the earl of Holland 
was not his friend, as we have seen already. The good 
old bishop of Ely was now likewise dead, and another man 

1 See the Earl of Suffolk the libro procurat. 

chancellor's letter, dat. Oct. 12 an, ^ [See Neile's letter in 'Notes and 

1616, inter archiva. Queries', 2nd Ser, viii. 287.] 

2 Dat. 4*0 cal. Mar. an. 1616; in * Lit. inter archiva. 

204 ST John's college. 

of greater activity and of a warmer temper sat in his place; 
from him the master received a threatening letter \ admon- 
ishing him of the disorders and irregularities that had been 
too long connived at ; and though he had no reason to 
apprehend any danger from a visitor whilst he was in per- 5 
feet good understanding with his seniors, yet that letter 
being backed from court, there was no defence to be made 
against two such powers if they should fall upon him at 
the same time. Whether that letter (or there might be 
more of the same kind, that I have not seen) made any im- lo 
pression upon his mind or broke his heart I must not pre- 
tend to determine, but he died the year after, not much 
lamented, unless by those that were involved in the same 
guilt : he was buried^ in the chapel June 20th an. 1633. 
That I suppose must be understood of the solemnity, for 15 
his will^ is dated June 3, and proved June 8th the same 

His character may be taken from what has been said ; 
as to his preferments they were not many: he was arch- 
deacon of Huntington*, a preferment that was in the 20 
patronage of his pupil bishop Williams as bishop of Lin- 
coln. He had the offer of the archdeaconry' of Shrewsbury 
soon after his accession to the mastership from Dr Neile 
bishop of Coventry and Lichfield ; I never meet with him 
under that title, possibly he might refuse it upon the same 25 
reason that Dr Carey master of Christ's had before re- 
signed it'^, that it was hardly worth the keeping and that 
the official went away with most of the profits. He must 
have been rector of Luffenham ; for Mr Abr. Johnson, in a 
letter'' concerning his father archdeacon Johnson's founda- 30 

1 Dat. Jun. 20, 1632, inter archiva ^ Bp. Neile's letter, dat. Nov. 29, 
coll. . 161 3, inter archiva. 

2 Eegr. eccl. Omn. Sanct. ® Liter, ibid. 

3 Eegr. testam. ^.Dat. Oct. 3, 1630. South Luf- 
* He was likewise prebendary of fenham is or was in the gift of the 

Buckden in the church of Lincoln, Burghley family, to which he was 

to which he was presented by the presented about the year 16 11. He 

king, installed April 26, 1623, and was chaplain and kinsman to E. 

had the honour to succeed Dr Wil- Vaughan bishop of London, who 

liam Laud. He was instituted to died before he had preferred hira, 

the rectory of Honington, dioc. and was tutor to that bishop's son 

Norv. 10 April, 1600. in college. Ex archivis. That bi- 


tion, dated from Soutli LufFenham, styles himself his loving 
parishioner, and by his will he leaves £5 to the poor of 
Luftenham in the county of Rutland. 

It might have been expected that a man, that left no 
5 monuments of his learning, should have left greater monu- 
ments of his charity, but therein he has equalled his pre- 
decessor, having done nothing of that kind either in moneys 
or books ^ He has indeed by will left the college a piece 
of plate valued at £30. (given him by the earl of North- 

lo umberland a late member of the house) afterwards sent to 
the king, and bestowed another piece of plate valued at 
£6. 13s. 4.d., which Mr Holland'^ gave unto the college. 
He left legacies to his two nephews William and Henry 
Bodurda, both of them fellows of the house, and rings and 

15 legacies amongst the seniors. But he constituted his ser- 
vant Gr. Grwin his sole executor, who went off with all 
that was undisposed of, and has not left a monument to his 

He has besides left a vast heap of letters to the treasury, 

20 larger than all those of his predecessors, which have been 
of some use to me in writing his history, but if these were 
intended for the treasury, whatever memorials they may be 
to the college, they are not over advantageous to his own 
memory. He might perhaps think that bishop Williams 

25 had done enough, whose benefactions to the house fell 
within his time : that prelate's bounty ought never to be 
forgot ; the library will be his lasting monument, and the 
livings he bestowed were a considerable benefaction ; his 
fellowships and scholarships might be equally well intended, 

30 but being settled upon deficient funds, they could not (as 
they were for some time) be always maintained at the col- 
lege charge, and therefore his fellowships are very justly 
sunk, for whoever know anything of the estate ^ allotted to 

shop gave him the vicarage of East Probably Dr Gwyn added 20s. in a 

Ham, Essex. piece of plate and made it their 

^ Except a Welsh bible, which common gift, 

coming in after his death, I suppose ^ Eavely Parv. com. Hunt., with 

was given by his executor. about £7 per annum addition. How 

2 This clause of the will I do not the estate of Eavely sunk so low 

well understand ; but Mr W. Hoi- may be worth inquiry ; for sir Miles 

land left the college £5. 13s. ^d. Sandys, of whom it was purchased, 



that purpose, understand very well that it will hardly main- 
tain four scholars. But all these, as they are very consi- 
derable (to say nothing of the advantages reaped from his 
reputation and interest), so they were the pure effect of his 
free and undeserved bounty, and are no ways owing to Dr 5 
Gwyn. He had nothing to do but to take care to preserve 
their memory, which he has not done for one of the most 
considerable benefactions that fell within his time. 

For an excellent good man, one Mr Richard Whitting- 
ton, rector of Wheldrake in the county of York, having by lo 
will^ left £1100 for the purchase of an impropriation or im- 
propriations to be settled upon St John's college, his execu- 
tors Dr Phin. Hodgson and Mr Henry Wickham purchased 
of Sir Marmaduke Langdale the rectory of Holme in Spald- 
ing Moor together with the right of patronage to the vica- 15 
rage (at the expense of £1400), and by deed^ vested them 
in the college, and yet by the neglect of these times the 
good man has not only been utterly forgot, but another 
person entitled to his donation. 

To do some right to Dr Gwyn, though he was neither 20 
a great scholar nor benefactor himself, yet he was well born 
and related to benefactors, having been nephew to Dr John 
Gwyn* and cousin to bishop Williams, the two great and 
(I think) the only benefactors we have had from Wales. 
He was of Denbighshire, and was admitted fellow for the 25 
same Dr John Gwyn March 20, 1589*, as he was admitted 
his scholar an. 1584. He was, as I said, bursar four years 
successively^. It does not appear that he ever was either 
lecturer or dean, offices that then usually fell upon men of 
learning, as the others fall upon men of business. But it 30 
may be said for him, that under his prefecture and about 
the same time flourished three of the greatest men that 
have at one time adorned one society, Thomas Went worth ^ 

offered to take a lease for twenty- ® He was president the same year 

one years at the rent it was let for he was elected master. 

when purchased. Ex archivis. ^ Mr Wentworth was admitted 

1 Dat. an. 1628. under Dr Clayton; I am not sure 

2 Dat. Decern. 20 an. Caroli 4*°. he continued till Dr Gwyn. Lucius 

3 Joannes Gwynnus ex com. Car- and Lorenso Carey appear as mem- 
narv. admissus socius Mar. 21, 15 47- ^^^s of the college an. 1621. Lib. 

* Begr. coll. ad an. 1588-9. thesaur. 


afterwards earl of Strafford, Thomas Fairfax after lord Fair- 
fax and Lucius afterwards lord viscount Falkland, three 
persons so well known in story that they need only be 
named, and it were a vain thing to attempt their character. 

5 In divines of his time he was not so fortunate, nor do I 
know of any admitted under his long prefecture that was 
very eminent. 

One thing further I will say for him, that Dr Richard- 
son, a very able judge, in a familiar^ letter to him gives a 

lo very advantageous character of a performance of his at St 
Mary's, that it was close and learned and to his honour. 
That learned man was then master of Trinity, where (if it 
will be any apology for Dr Gwyn) as great and crying 
abuses had crept in as were practised at St John's, by 

15 scandalous pre-elections, and what was yet worse, by turn- 
ing elections into particular nominations, the master and 
seniors nominating in their turns ; a practice so liable to 
corruption as might have ruined that society, had not king 
James given a check to it by his letters^ to the master and 

20 seniors, ordered by him to remain upon record. 

Owen the epigrammatist has bestowed two epigrams 
upon this master and his greater pupil. That upon the 
pupil is large enough and peculiar to the person described 
in it ; the other is common and will suit any man as well 

25 as Dr Gwyn, whom, no doubt, our poet (who pleases him- 
self with pretty allusions) did value the more for the name 
of Owen. 

• Dat. Mar. 24, 1615. ^ Dat. Sept. 7 an. regn. •20. 



A NEW library seems to have been intended as early as 
the year 1616, for then the old case was cantoned out into 
tenements, and the books removed into one of the great 
chambers near the hall. In 1617, July 9th, a letter^ was 
addressed to the countess of Shrewsbury for her leave to 5 
build a library adjoining to her ladyship's court : the situa- 
tion, as then intended, was to be from the gate to the river 
(with loss of one or more chambers in the second court), the 
building to be erected upon and supported by pillars: but 
funds were yet wanting, to which purpose several persons 10 
were applied to without meeting with sufficient encourage- _ 
ment to lay the foundation ; when unexpectedly a letter^ 
came from Dr Carey bishop of Exeter, signifying that an 
unknown person had promised £1200 to that use, if it were 
sufficient, but would neither advance higher, nor yet was 15 
willing to admit a partner. By this and other letters an 
estimate was desired to be made of the expense, and a com- 
putation was taken from the two wings of Dr Nevill's court 
at Trinity, each of which cost in building about £1500; 
and the allowance being found to be short, the same un- 20 
known person was at last prevailed with to advance further 
£200, provided room could be made for two fellows and 
four scholars that were likewise designed by him to be 
founded. What further advances were made does not ap- 

1 Liter, inter archiva, ^ Dat. Apr. 26 an. 1623. 


pear from these letters, excepting £200 or £250 (afterwards 
promised towards perfecting the work^). But the first site 
and model was disliked, the present plan and situation was 
agreed on, the lord keeper bishop Williams (hitherto very 

5 artfully concealed) owned and declared himself to be the 

founder by another letter^ from the bishop of Exeter, and 

the case of the building was finished by Michaelmas 1624. 

Thus far the success was happy, but whilst the work 

was carrying on, the bishop made new proposals^ for his 

lo other foundation, offered £60 per annum rack rent for two 
fellows and four scholars, and sent down by bishop Carey, 
who though he owned it was not enough, yet advised the 
college not to refuse the oficr, lest a stop should be put to 
further bounty : the bishop of Durham Dr Neile was like- 

15 wise employed in the same design, who gave the like ad- 
vice and much more pressingly. But this, as reasonable, 
met with no ready compliance, and both the master by 
letter*, (after conference with the seniors) and Mr Lane in 
person gave a very resolute answer to the keeper, that 

20 it could not be accepted consistently with their statutes. 
Hereat the keeper took fire, was out of humour and inacces- 
sible for some time, and the work had like to have been at 
a stand, had not the two other bishops mediated the aff'air 
by appeasing the keeper, and by giving greater expectations 

25 disposed the college to an ungrateful compliance, which 
was at last given in a confused manner, hodge podge as is 
there said, or as the bishop of Durham says, by throwing 
the expense of the library into the additional foundation. 
And indeed that good bishop by his too much zeal for the 

3° service of the house seems to have exceeded his commission, 
for he owned to bishop Carey that he rather collected the 
college sense and consent, than directly had it; wherein I 
am the more confirmed, because Dr Gwyn, in defence (as 

^ The whole expense is said to Marham, then in the college, to- 

amount to £2991. is. locZ. oh., wards perfecting the work ; thereat 

whereof the bishop of Lincoln paid by the society. The bishop was to 

£2011. 13s. 4^., according to Mr have no other partner. ['Communi- 

Bodurda's account, his lordship's cationstoCambr. Ant. Soc.'ii. 54,55]. 

chaplain, who may be presumed to ^ Dat. Octobr. 10 an. 1623. 

have done his patron right; £192 ' Liter, inter archiva. 

out of Sir Ralph Hare's estate at ^ Liter, inter archiva. 


210 ST John's college. 

it should seem) and vindication of himself in this affair, 
has left a copj of his own first resolute answer inclosed in 
the bishop of Durham's letter. However the thing was 
done, but was too unequal a contract to be of long continu- 
ance, the £60 per annum rack rent being soon sunk to half 5 
the value. 

I am unwilling to believe that the master was swayed 
by indirect motives, or that the keeper used any finesse 
to compass his design ; but whilst this matter was trans- 
acting, an expectation of preferment was given the master lo 
by promising to recommend him with Dr Price^ to the 
bishopric of St Asaph, and that expectation failing, a 
deanery was proposed. An option was likewise given him 
in the four livings then settled, two of them Welsh sine- 
cures, and Mr Lane his prime minister was then likewise .15 
thought of for a good preferment; whatever it was that 
disposed them to a compliance (I will charitably suppose 
motives of gratitude to have been at the bottom), the.keeper 
at last was so well pleased with them, that he told bishop 
Carey ^ in merriment that the college were become perfect 20 
courtiers: though honest Dr Gwyn understood so little 
of a court, that upon news of the bishopric he was for 
posting up to London, had not that bishop by an un- 
usual but necessary bluntness put a stop to his career. 

But in this sort of courtship the work was finished. 25 

^ This was Oct. lo an. 1623, when ' succeeding 1622. 
that bishopric was void; so there ^ Let. dat. Jan. 23, 1623. Inter 

must be a mistake in Dr Hanmer's archiva. 



Anothee foundation happened about the same time, 
which, though it were of a more public nature, yet being 
granted by and determined to a member of this house, that 
it may not altogether be forgot, I will speak one word of it. 
5 This was of a logic lecture by the lord Maynard, of £50 
per annum. The first mention I find made of it was Oc- 
tobr. 12 an. 1618 \ when it was intended by Sir William 
Maynard in conjunction with one Mr Argall an Essex 
man (as it should seem by the place of his abode). But 

lo Mr Argall failing, my lord proceeded in his own name 
and at his own expense, and the king's letters patent 
passed to this purpose an. 1620, when or the following 
year his lecture was to commence^, and my lord gives 
assurance of payment to the university from that year. 

15 It does not appear from the public computus that pay- 
ments were made so early, the first payment there made 
was an. 1628-9^, when £75 was received and so much was 
paid to Mr Thornton fellow of St John's, his lordship's 
reader, for a year and a half's duty in reading that lec- 

20 ture. From that year payments were continued till the 
year 1640, when the troubles coming on, and Mr Thorn- 
ton his reader being soon after ejected for his loyalty, they 
were discontinued, the foundation dropt, and so we lost 

1 Letter to Dr Gwyn, inter archiva. ^ Letters, ibid. 

3 Comput. acad. an. 1629. 


212 maynakd's logic lecture. 

a benefactor. And indeed we seem to have lost more by 
these times, for the same .year 1640^ a commemoration 
of benefactors being drawn up by public order, in that 
form (besides my lord Maynard for £50 per annum for a 
logic lecture) stand commemorated my lord Brook for £100 5 
per annum for a history lecture, Sir Henry Spelman for 
a Saxon lecture, whereunto he annexed the impropriated 
rectory of Middleton in the county of Norfolk, and Sir 
Edwin Sandys for £1000 left by will for a lecture in 
metaphysics; all which seem to have been lost by the lo 
iniquity of the times, and being gone, no more is needful 
to be said of them, than to preserve their remembrance. 

^ MS. Dr Jo. Cosin, who was vice-chancellor that year. 


Admitted Febe. 20th an. 1633, or rathek Febr. 19th, 1633, 
BEING Ash Wednesday, 

As Dr Gwyn was unfortunate in his government, so 
his misfortunes did not die with him, having laid the 
seeds of future divisions that broke out presently after his 
death ; these were easily suppressed during his prefecture 
by his own power in concurrence with his seniors ; he 
being gone, the fellows were now upon an equal foot in 
the choice of a new master. Dr Lane was then president 
of the college, a man of no mean abilities and favoured 
by the seniors, but his party not being strong, enough 
amongst the fellows, a way was thought of to strengthen 
his interest by dispatching Dr Ambrose to court upon pre- 
tence of giving notice of the master's death, but in reality 
to procure his majesty's letters. 

Dr Ambrose was the fittest person that could be 
thought of to this purpose, being a man of some charac- 
^ ter and yet not actually one of the number of seniors, 
though he was favoured by them, as appeared by a pretty 
noted instance, when being to commence B.D., an. 1627 \ 
he laid down as caution a college pot, etc., which could 
not have been done without the consent of the master and 
^° seniors. Forty pounds was allowed him for his journey, 
and his negotiation was successful, for he procured his 
majesty's letters^ dated from Barwick, June 11, 1633, in 
pursuance whereof the seniors with some of their friends 
chose Dr Lane their master. 

^ Comput. acad. ad an. 1627. 2 Archiv. coll. regr. liter. 


Mr Holds worth, a man of much greater worth and 
some time fellow of the same society, was put up by the 
younger set of men and was undoubtedly^ chose by a 
clear majority, but being then suspected as puritanically 
inclined (though he approved himself otherwise in the 5 
time of trial), he met with less favour in the university. 
Both parties presented their master elect to the vice- 
chancellor Dr Laney in order to admission ; but the case 
being doubtful or he unwilling to do anything that 
should look like opposing the court, which he must have lo 
done by allowing the better plea, he refused to meddle 
or to admit either of them : upon which refusal both 
parties returned to the college, gave the oath and a sort 
of admission to their pretended heads, and so the house 
enjoyed two masters. 15 

Irregular things passed on both sides, the lapse of 
time, and that the seniors wanted numbers to make an 
election; vacancies were made in order thereunto, and 
both Mr Skelton's^ and Mr Wright's^ fellowships were 
declared void, either upon reasons that were insuiiicient, 20 
or upon such as were not thought of till the present 
juncture: and though this sentence ought to have been 
submitted to (having passed by the president and seniors) 
till redress could have been had, yet both Mr Wright and 
Mr Skelton seem to have voted, and, what was more 25 
irregular*, Mr Wright admitted Mr Holds worth master, 
being senior (as I suppose) of that party. 

Thus matters continued for some time, till his majesty 
was pleased to vouchsafe a hearing^ ; where such heinous 
crimes and aspersions were cast upon Dr Lane, as he 30 
thought it necessary to grant a commission to the heads of 
the houses to inquire into the truth of them. Inquiry 
was made upon that commission, but neither then did 
truth clearly appear, oaths being returned almost directly 
against oaths, as well in defence of as against Dr Lane. 35 
So the matter continuing yet perplexed and the commis- 
sioners divided, his majesty took the matter back again 

1 MS. Tenison. Vit. E. H. prs- ^ Jun. xg. 

fixa lectionibus. 4 MS. Tenison. 

3 Jun. 1 8. 5 Litep_ j^^^j. aj^jj^j^j^^ 


into his own hands, and partly upon colour of a devo- 
lution, as well as upon the right he had from both parties 
having submitted themselves to his determination, to pre- 
vent divisions and lest either of the parties should be ex- 
5 asperated if the other were preferred, he pitched upon a 
third man, and sent his letters^ mandatory for Dr Beale; 
who, after a long struggle of eight or nine months be- 
twixt the contending parties, was admitted master February 
20th by the greater part of the fellows. 

10 Dr Lane survived not long; stung and grieved with 
the aspersions that were cast upon him by his enemies, he 
died suddenly in June following, 1634; and was buried 
privately in the chapel, leaving some debt to the college 
and his reputation tainted, that might otherwise have fol- 

15 lowed him unstained to the grave; and may teach his 
successors not to pursue preferment too eagerly, unless 
they be such as are themselves without sin. He had been 
chaplain to Henry earl of Southampton, and had been 
abroad with him in Holland in some relation to public 

20 business, which, notwithstanding some offence then given, 
gave him an interest and reputation at court, which he 
unhappily survived. By his will^ all his goods were to 
be sold, and if there was any overplus, to be disposed 
of according to a secret trust. He was rector of Ashton 

25 com. Northampton ^ 

Mr Holdsworth, to shew he had more gratitude than 
resentment, the year after presented the college with 
books*, was afterwards master of Emmanuel, whither he 
was attended by this society April 26, 1637 in order to 

30 his admission, lived to be preferred by the king and to 
suffer for him, and has left to posterity the reputation of 
his sufferings as well as of his learning. He succeeded 
Dr Gwyn in his archdeaconry and prebend of Buckden 
in the church of Lincoln, though not in his mastership, 

35 was nominated to the deanery of Worcester, and had the 
offer of a mitre, though he never wore it. 

The breach was thus closed and healed, but the scars 

1 Archiva coll. regr. liter, dat. Jun. 6, 1634. [Sic In orig.] 
Febr. 14, 1633-4. ^ [Baker's Northants. ii. 128.] 

2 Dat. Jun. 8, 1634. He died ^ Liber thesaur. 

216 ST John's college. 

remained : for a vast charge and deljt being contracted in 
executing the commission^ with fees to actuaries and. other 
officers, all this (after long and great solicitation to de- 
cline it) fell upon the college, whereof they could not rea- 
sonably complain, having given occasion to the division 5 
as well as enjoying the fruit of tranquillity and peace. 
The best of it was, they could not buy their new mast-er 
too dear, who was an extraordinary man, and one that 
wanted only opportunity and time to have made the so- 
ciety flourish under him : but his time, as it was short, so lo 
was it very unquiet, interrupted with various troubles and 
frequent avocations, which denied him the occasions of 
being serviceable where he most desired it. 

The same year he came to St John's^ he was chosen 
vice-chancellor of the university, an office he discharged 15 
to the height and to the honour and advantage of that 
body : to pass by many instances, one thing was observed 
under him, which how often it has been practised since 
I cannot say, but seems now to be almost forgot. In his 
year an oath was given to the sheriff of the county to 20 
observe the privileges of the university, and so much is 
placed to account^ to the six clerh for seeing the sheriff 
take his oath ; a thing of late years so much neglected, 
that we have little more to shew for it than the form of the 
oath and the grant or privilege for tendering it. 25 

Another privilege was then likewise warmly debated, 
the archbishop's power of visiting or the university's ex- 
emption from his visitation ; and though Dr Beal was as 
much devoted to the archbishop as any clergyman in Eng- 
land, yet in this he shewed no compliance nor departed 00 
from the rights of his post and station, nor was any 
advantage gained by the archbishop against the university 
till the following year*. I have that case^ in MS. as it 
was drawn up about that time in favour and right of the 
university, which may be of some use, if ever that contro- 01- 
versy should happen to come again into debate. Had the 
university continued Dr Beale in that station a year longer, 

1 'Regr. acad. liter, coll. s Ex MSS. D. Gale. [Printed 

2 An. 1634. from Baker in Laud's Works, v. 

3 Comput. acad. 555 — 580.] 
^ An. 1636. 


it might have been for their advantage, he having been 
acceptable at court, having had the honour within his year 
to wait on his majesty, to present him and to be graciously 
received by him ; whereas his successor did not bear an 
5 equal character. In 1641, when his majesty took Cam- 
bridge in his way to York, notwithstanding the shortness 
of his stay, he did Dr Beale the further honour to accept of 
an entertainment^ from him in the college, being harangued 
by Mr Clievland a fellow of the house. 

10 Indeed his majesty had reason to favour him for the 
right he did his prerogative, so zealously maintained by 
him, and that in a sermon preached this same year ; 
wherein having dropt some expressions in seeming dimi- 
nution of the power and privileges of parliament, it gave 

15 so much offence as to be taken notice of some years after in 
parliament, in a warm speech^ by a zealous member of 
the house of commons. It was against the parliament and 
its seeming encroachments that he defended the monarchy, 
for he was as high in his principles for the church ; this 

20 was likewise objected to him by the same zealous member, 
his having a hand in compiling the canons in 1640, which 
though they passed the convocation by a powder allowed 
by most of the judges, yet were condemned by the house 
of commons as arbitrary and illegal. 

25 His zeal herein appeared further in his private college 
in the solemn offices of religion and in the ornaments of 
the chapel, which having been left very naked by some of 
his predecessors was adorned and beautified by him^. The 
east end of the chapel was faced with a decent wainscot, 

30 the rest hung with sixteen pieces of hangings containing 
the story of our Saviour, the roof painted at no small ex- 
pense ; the bare charges of painting and pictures amounted 
to £100 and upwards. A decent table was placed for 
the communion with rails and tapers and plate as well 

35 plain as gilded for that service (part thereof given by 
bishop Dee) with rich coverings of velvet and cloth of 
silver, besides the cost that was bestowed about the organ, 

^ Lib. thesaur. 3 Liber thesaur. ; inventory of the 

" Nalson, Collect, an. 1640. [i. pp. chapel furniture. 
-'367, 6733. 

218 ST John's college. 

cherubims and otlier furniture; thus far pretty unexcep- 
tionable, had not the dove^ and glory been added to the 
account, that furnished Mr Prjnn^ with an objection, and 
might as well have been let alone. Mr Ashton's chapel 
(formerly used as a chamber) with bishop Fisher's, were 5 
now likewise adorned and beautified at a considerable 
expense, the particulars too minute to be insisted on. But 
that the chapel furniture might be placed in a better light, 
a new window was struck out towards the east, the large 
window at the east end being somewhat obscured by lo 
painted glass then added for its greater beauty. 

It was this zeal for the church and loyalty to the king- 
that brought his troubles upon him soon after, as well as 
upon the college and university : troubles that seem to 
have been foretold by a presage or accident, that I- should 15 
hardly have mentioned, had it not been thought worth 
notice by two such great men as bishop Usher ^ and 
Dr Ward. A fish being brought from sea to Cambridge 
market*, being cut up, a book was found in the bowels of 
the fish, which being a new way of sending books to 20 
Cambridge, gave some men a curiosity of looking into the 
contents : and being examined by Mr Mead, it was found 
to contain a preparation to the cross, having been wi'ote by 
Richard Tracy in Henry the Eighth's time, as was supposed. 
This alarmed good men, and several accounts were sent of 25 
it, particularly by Dr Ward and Mr Mead in two letters to 
bishop Usher, who looked upon it as an admonition of 
providence to prepare for sufferings. 

However this was or whatever it did mean, it is certain 
troubles succeeded over the whole nation. At Cambridge 30 
his majesty's letters^ being directed to the vice-chancellor 
Dr Holds worth for a supply from the university, the 
several colleges contributed their respective proportions: 
from St John's was sent £150 in moneys*', and 2065 ounces 

1 Lib. thesaur. under the title of Vox Piscis, -with 

2 Canterb. Doome, p. 74. a preface giving an account of the 

3 Usher, Letter 100, loi. whole matter. 

4 23 Jun. 1626. This book with 5 Dat. Jun. 29, 1642. 

two other treatises found with it 8 August 8, 1642. Ex archivis. 

were reprinted at London, an. 1627, 


and a half of plate, for Iboth which a receipt was given by 
the messenger John Polej, wherein was specified that the 
plate was deposited in his majesty's hands for the security 
thereof and for his service, according to the tenor of his 
5 majesty's letters. This, under the guard of Mr B. Oley of 
Clare Hall, Mr Jo. Barwick^ of St John's and others, was 
sent to the king at York or Nottingham, not without some 
difficulty, having been conveyed through by-paths and 
secret passages ; whereby they escaped the designs of 

10 Oliver Cromwell, who with a party of townsmen and 
rustics lay in wait near Lowler hedges to intercept it ; 
and being vexed with a disappointment, he returns to 
Cambridge soon after with a greater force, surrounds 
St John's college whilst they were at their devotions in the 

15 chapel, carries off Dr Beale, whom, with Dr Martin master 
of Queens' and Dr Sterne master of Jesus, (three of the 
most active men in the business of the plate) he conducts 
prisoners with him to London^, leading them through 
Bartholomew fair and a great part of the city to be ex- 

20 posed to and insulted by the rabble; where after much rude 
and insolent treatment they had the favour to be made 
prisoners in the Tower. But this being too honourable or 
too expensive an imprisonment, after a vast expense they 
were put on board a ship and clapped under deck, and (if 

25 we may believe good authority) were intended to be sent 
or sold to some of our plantations^. 

Whilst these things were acting at London, the master 
with twenty-nine of his fellows were deprived of their pre- 
ferments at Cambridge (whose names being already printed* 

30 I need not mention), the college was insulted, guns were 
frequently discharged in at the windows, the gates at last 
broke open by the soldiers together with the bursar's 
chamber and study door, and a good round sum carried off 
by violence by one captain Mason in presence of several 

35 fellows^; and after the fortress was taken, the walls for 

1 Life of Dr Jo. Barwick. MS. as mentioned in the Querela, are 

2 MS. Barwick. either left out or crossed. The re- 

3 MS. ibid. gister is imperfect. 

* Querela Cant. ; lib. thesaur., ^ April 8, 1643. Lib. thesaur. 

where the same number and names, 


some months were turned into a prison. And whereas it 
had been made a complaint and crime that their plate was 
sent to the king, their ancient coins and medals to a great 
value were now seized, and the communion plate ^ (that 
had been always esteemed sacred) was now made lawful 5 
plunder ; an action so very sacrilegious as to admit of no 
excuse, unless communion plate might be thought useless, 
when communions were going out of use. But to do them 
all right, I find by the books ^ that this was afterwards 
recovered by Mr Barwick, and yet he having had a hand lo 
in drawing up the Querela, a man would suspect that some- 
what were yet behind. 

Though I have done with Dr Beal as master, yet out 
of a veneration for his memory I will accompany him to 
his grave. Banished from Cambridge, he was with the 15 
king some short time at Oxford ; I meet with him after 
only once more in England, when lie was named by his 
Majesty^ as one (amongst other great and eminent divines) 
to attend him at Holmby for the direction of his conscience 
and clearing of his judgement about the present differences 20 
in religion. Being weary of England he made his escape, 
was received into my lord Cottington's family, and at- 
tended him and Sir Edward Hide as chaplain in their em- 
bassy to Spain, where at Madrid he sickened and died*. 
From Sir Edward Hide we may expect the best account 25 
of his death, whose son the present lord Clarendon (in 
whose custody his as well as some of Dr Beal's papers are) 
gives this account®. 

That the doctor not long after his coming to Madrid 
was taken ill, and being apprehensive of danger and that 30 
he had not long to live, desired Sir Edward Hide and some 
others of the family to receive the holy sacrament with 
him, which he in perfect good understanding, though weak 
in body, being supported in his bed, consecrated and 
administered to himself and to the other few communicants 35 
and died some few hours after he had performed that last 

^ 1 Querela Cant. [p. i8.] ® By a letter from Dr Thomas 

2 Lib. thesaur. Smith, intimately known to his lord- 

3 Feb. 17, 1646. ship. 
* An. 1650, 


office. He was very solicitous in his last sickness lest his 
body should fall into the hands of the inquisitors ; for the 
prevention whereof this expedient was made use of, that 
the doctor dying in a ground chamber, the boards were 
5 taken up, and a grave being dug, the body covered with a 
shroud was deposited therein very deep, and four or five 
bushels of quick lime thrown upon it in order to con- 
sume it the sooner. Everything in the room was re- 
stored to the same order it was in before, and the whole 

lo affair being committed only to a few trusty persons, was 
kept so secret as to escape the knowledge or suspicion 
of the Spaniards, and may remain so undiscovered till the 

If he wants a monument at Madrid (where his only 

15 wish and happiness was to be buried in obscurity), he cer- 
tainly deserves one at Cambridge, having been one of the 
best governors the university or college ever had ; and had 
he lived ten years longer, he had undoubtedly received the 
rewards of his loyalty from the king. He had the grant 

20 of the deanery of Ely upon Dr Fuller's being nominated 
to the deanery of Durham, but never reaped any advantage 
from that preferment : he had the rectories of Cottingham^ 
and Paul's Perry, both of them, I think, in the diocese of 
Peterborough and in the county of Northampton, and held 

25 besides the rectory of Aberdaron without cure, whereunto 
he was presented ^, or had it otherwise (being a donative) 
of the college gift. He was originally scholar of Trinity 
college, fellow and master of Jesus ^, where after he had 
sat one year, he was removed to St John's. To that society 

30 he was a benefactor for some books, both printed and MS., 
that bear his name ; and the two pictures of the king and 
queen (king Charles and queen Mary) were his proper 
goods, and were demanded* of his successor, but not being 

^ Dr Sherman, Hist. coll. Jes. MS. naiuralem ultimi incumbentis, Jul. 

^ Febr. 24 an. 1639. The next 23, 1651. 
presentation was granted him, but ^ He gave £30 towards the new 
quaere whether it ever took place. building at Jesus college. 
Mr William Bodurda is presented ^ jjx archivis. By Stephen Bear- 
by the college to the rectory of croft upon Mr John Earwick's cer- 
Aberdaron vacaniem per mortem tificate dat. May 23, 1653. 

223 ST John's college. 

restored (at a time when the king and queen were less 
valued than their pictures), thej hang yet in the gallery 
and ought to be looked upon as his gift. His greatest 
benefactions were the services he did and the example he 
has left to those that succeeded him. Whilst " he was 5 
master he had three of the Howards^ of the Norfolk family 
under his care, the youngest whereof (which ought not to 
be forgot) was Philip Howard, afterwards cardinal of that 

He (Dr Beal) was brother to another Dr Beale mas- to 
ter of Pembroke, who was a Worcestershire man; our 
doctor is said to have been of the same county, but by 
the most authentic account^ he was born in the county 
of Oxford. 

He was charged by Mr Prynn with having been a 15 
creature of bishop Laud; that crime was his honour, as 
well as the popery^ and Arminianism that was charged 
upon him, the true meaning whereof was that he was firm 
to the principles of the church of England. Such vile 
aspersions and odious calumnies were sufficiently confuted 20 
by the life and death and sufferings both of him and his 

Having been always in business or involved in troubles, 
and his last years having been spent in exile, he had less 
time for works of learning, of which kind he has left 25 
nothing except some sermons now in my lord Clarendon's 
library at Cornbury, whereof his lordship has been pleased 
to give an expectation to the college, the most proper repo- 
sitory for such papers. Amongst these perhaps may be 
found his sermon that gave so much offence in preaching, 30 
and may possibly offend at this day, and yet the sermon 
may be never the worse. Sir Edward Hide afterwards 
lord Clarendon gives him a very advantageous character in 

1 Philippus Howard filius tertius quarto die Julii 1640. Ex reo^o coll. 

, Henrici baronis Mowbray et Matra- Jo. Thomas Howard filius natu 

vers, nepos prEenobilis Thomse co- maximus et Henricus Howard filius 

mitis Arundel et Surr. comitis ma- secundus admissi ut supra, 
reschalli AngliEe, admissus est pen- ^ Hist. coU. Jes. MS. 

sionarius major sub mro collegii, ^ Qant. Doome, p. 73, etc, 


some of his MSS. papers^ wliere he styles him his worthy 
and learned chaplain, commemorates the blessings he had 
enjoyed from him and bemoans his loss : nor can I put 
a better period to his life and character than from the tes- 
5 timony of so great a man. 

^ Contemplations and Eeflections, epist. dedicat. Feb. ^, an, 1670- 1. 


Admitted April 11, 1644. 

De Beal being most injuriously ejected \ one John 
Arrowsmith B.D. was thrust into his place hj the earl of 
Manchester in the following manner. 

April 11, 1644^, the right honourable Edward earl of 
Manchester in pursuit of an ordinance of parliament for 5 
regulating and reforming the university of Cambridge came 
in person into the chapel of St John's college, and did in 
the presence of all the fellows then resident declare and 
publish Mr John Arrowsmith to be constituted master of 
the said college in room of Dr Beale now justly and law- 10 
fully ejected, requiring him then present to take upon him 
the said place, and did put him into the master's seat or 
stall within the said chapel, and did likewise straitly charge 
all and every the fellows, etc. to acknowledge him to be 
actually master of the college and sufficiently authorized to 15 
execute the said office, notwithstanding he be not elected 
nor admitted according to the ordinary course prescribed by 
the statutes ; in this time of distraction there being a neces- 
sity of reforming as well the statutes themselves as the 
members of the college ; and commanded this declaration 20 
and act of his lordship to be entered in the leiger books of 
acts of the said college, to remain of record for perpetual 

1 By the earl of Manchester, in pursuance of an ordinance of parliament. 
^ Regr. coll. Jo. . 


Accordingly it is entered in the leiger book of acts of 
the said college and stands recorded to perpetual memory. 
That lord has all the right done him he desired, and has 
taken effectual care that he shall be always remembered, 
5 though he lived to do right in a different manner, by 
restoring^ some fellows (being then chancellor) that had 
been unlawfully ejected. 

Upon his admission Mr Arrowsmith being required to 
take an oath or make a solemn declaration, did there 

lo solemnly promise^ "in the presence of Almighty God the . 
" searcher of all hearts, that being called and constituted 
" by the earl of Manchester in pursuance of an ordinance 
" of parliament, with the approbation of the assembly of 
" divines at Westminster, to be master of the college, he 

15 "would during the time of his continuance in that charge 
" faithfully labour to promote piety and learning in liim- 
"self, the fellows, scholars and students belonging to the 
" college, agreeably to the late solemn national league and 
" covenant by him sworn and subscribed, with respect to 

20 "all the good and wholesome statutes of the said college 
" and of the university, correspondent to the covenant; and 
"by all means would procure the good, welfare and perfect 
"reformation both of the college and university, so far as 
"to him appertained."' And having done this he took his 

25 place in chapel and lodgings in the college, without observ- 
ing the usual forms required by statute, then thought fit to 
be regulated and reformed. 

The same oath or promise mutatis mutandis seems to 
have been required of the present fellows (for it was taken 

30 by their successors), and seems to have been what was 
meant by the oath of discovery ; for by the general clause 
of procuring reformation hy all means they might oblige 
them to make such discoveries as were necessary thereunto: 
which with the covenant not being of easy digestion, several 

35 of the fellows were ejected, beginning with the seniors 
Mr Thornton, Bodurda, Tirwhit and Blechenden, men 
of good worth ; and others of less name and character were 
brought into their places, such as could digest the covenant 

1 An. 1660, Jul. 10. Ee^. coll. . ^ Eegr. coll. 


226 ST John's college. 

and would promote such a reformation as was intended. 
Either this was the oath of discovery, or I believe none 
such was tendered ; for Mr Ash my lord of Manchester's 
chaplain, who was deepest in these designs, being wrote to 
about it, disowns any such oath in termmis^, and I know 5 
of none other like it in either university. But hard things 
are usually marked and branded with harder expressions, 
and the sufferers might give it a name that was not meant 
by the imposers. 

Before this reformation in the members of the society, lo 
the walls and house ^ itself was regulated and reformed as 
a preparation to that which followed. All the decent fur- 
niture in the chapel was now removed, organs and pictures, 
etc. were taken down, and so much is placed to account on 
the books for whited walls, and so much for closing up 15 
Fisher's and Ashton's sepulchres, now again, one or both 
of them, turned into apartments, and the dead and living 
were lodged together. The cross upon the tower was like- 
wise removed, and the statue or image over the gate 
towards the street was taken down^, and St John was 20 
banished once more to Patmos ; with good providence, as 
it happened, for had it not been timely and seasonably dis- 
placed from its niche, it might probably have been thrown 
down afterwards in a ruder manner, to prevent idolatry, 
that was then the only sin we were afraid of. But most of 25 
this, as I said, happened some time before the master's 
accession to the government, and is not to be placed to his 
account. For some time the sequestrators had possession 
of the lodge, and having polluted it (as they had done the 
chapel), so much is placed to account* for sweeping and 30 
washing it after it had been quitted by that sort of vermin. 

As to Dr Arrowsmith, his government having been 
almost a continued usurpation, the greatest right I can do 
him is to pass it over. He was removed to Trinity about 
May an. 1653, where he died on Tuesday before Lent an. 35 
1658-9, and was buried in their chapeP Febr. 24 the same 

1 Fuller, [Hist. Cambr.] p. i68. * Lib. thesaur. an. 1643-4. 

2 Lib. thesaurar. b ]^ggj.._ ^^^^^ q^^^^ Sanct. 
■^ Lib. thesaur. 


He was born at Gateshead^ (near Newcastle-upon-TIne) 
in the county of Durham, on the same day and year with 
Dr Lightfoot^, being March 29 an. 1602; was originally 
of St John's, admitted scholar of the foundation^ of 
5 Mr Ashton Nov. 3, 1618, afterwards fellow of Catharine 
hall, preacher at Linn and at St Martin's Ironmonger lane, 
and one of the assembly of divines at Westminster: he 
commenced B.D. an. 1633, D.D. an. 1647-8, Jan. 13, 
being vice-chancellor the same year, and a grace ^ then 

I o passed the house for deferring his exercise till the year 
after his vice-chancellorship was over. October 4, 1651 he 
was elected regius professor in divinity upon the death of 
Dr Collins, who had held that post^ during his life for 
want of a man of equal worth to fill his room, and Oct. 6**^ 

15 he was presented to the rectory^ of Somersham according to 
the purport of the letter patent of king James of blessed 
memory, as they are pleased to style him, a respect that 
might have been better expressed in their gratitude to 
his son. 

20 He has left two books ^ in print, his Tactica Sacra and 
Chain of Princi^ples, books that I have often seen, but 
never read, and therefore must not pretend to make a 
judgement of them : but of the Chain the editors, two 
heads of houses, give this account, that " Sublimity of 

25 ^'■Notion with sobriety of spirit; Variety of reading with 
'' accurateness of composure ; Sweetness of ivit with sa- 
" vouriness of heart, do seem to be linked together in so 
" rare, and happy a conjunction, as which makes this 
" Chain of Principles to be a chain of Pearls T If this 

30 character will recommend it to the ;;eader, I am not 

1 MS. D. M. ^ I have the original order for his 

2 Dr Lightf Oct's Life [p. i.] ejectment. 

^ Ego Jo. Arrowsmith Dunel- ^ Eegr. acad. 

mensis admissus discipulus pro doc- 7 With three or four sermons, the 

tore Ashton Nov. 3 an. i6i 8. Eegr. first before the house of commons 

coll. Art. Bac, coll. Jo. an. i6ic. at a fast, Jan. 25, 1643, under this 

An. 1630 John Arrowsmith elected title, The Covenant- avenging Sword 

one of the university preachers does Jrawfe/icc?, being then preacher of the 

(ex animo) subscribe the three arti- gospel at Lynn, Norfolk. Also an ex- 

cles as required. Eegr. acad. position upon the first eighteen verses 

4 Eegr. acad. of the first chapter of St John. 


'228 ST John's college. 

unwilling it should be read. His Tactica Sacra published 
by himself he has left to the college, which is all I know 
of his benefactions ; nor were they to be expected from a 
married man and father of children, that was neither long 
preferred nor long lived. t; 

Allowing for the iniquity of the times and excepting 
the matter of Korah, he was a good man, and died under 
that opinion with the men of those times and of his own 



Admitted Jun. 3 an. 1653. 

Anthony Tucknet D.D. had a greater appearance of 
right than his predecessor, having come in after Dr Beal's 
death and upon an election of the fellows, though not 
altogether regular: and this too was rather his good 
5 fortune than his virtue or choice, for he was brought in at 
Emmanuel upon the deprivation of Dr Holds worth ^ at the 
general ejectment. He was admitted master here June 3, 
an. 1653 2 upon the choice of a majority of the present 

lo To pass bj his title which cannot be defended, he was 
himself a good man, very learned for these times, and as 
much esteemed and reverenced as any master ever was. 
He was born at Kirkton in Lincolnshire, was beneficed at 
Boston in the same county, and was afterwards no incon- 

15 siderable member of the assembly of divines at West- 
minster. He was educated in Emmanuel college, where ' 
he was fellow and master successively, from whence he was 
removed to St John's upon the promotion of Dr Arrow- 
smith to Trinity. 

20 He commenced M.A. an. 1620^, D.D. an. 1649, being 
twenty- two years after he was bachelor of divinity, accord- 

1 At Emmanuel college Dr Tuck- epistle of his to the earl of Man- 

ney is placed next to Dr Holds- Chester and by his funeral sermon 

worth, by mistake, I suppose ; for by Dr Tuckney. 
Dr Thomas Hill was sometime mas- ^ Regr. coll. 

ter there, as appears both by an ^ A.B. 1616. Eegr. acad. 

230 ST John's college, 

ing to the form of his grace. The same year he was vice- 
chancellor, when by another grace his exercise was deferred 
till his vice-chancellorship was over, which he performed 
the following year much to his own honour and the satis- 
faction of those that heard him. Whilst he was vice-chan^ 5 
cellor he was very zealous for the conversion of the Indians 
and propagating the gospel in America \ and promoted 
that design very vigorously with the assistance of the 

The earl of Holland the chancellor being taken off in lo 
a manner well known, and the earl of Manchester being 
chosen in his place March 15, 1648-9, Dr Tuckney with 
some others waited on him on Good Friday at his castle at 
Kinbolton, being the house of his family, and installed 
him there, after he had addressed him in an eloquent i5 
speech^; an honour that earl enjoyed not long, being soon 
after ejected for not subscribing the engagement, and Oli- 
ver St John lord chief justice of the common pleas being 
brought in by order from the committee for reformation^ 
Nov. 27, 1651. 2o 

In 1653 Dr Minshul the vice-chancellor at the com- 
mencement being seized with a strange sort of deafness, 
Dr Tuckney moderated for him, after which the vice-chan- 
cellor was happily restored to the use of his ears; and 1655 
Dr Arrowsmith being visited with a sickness more real, he 25 
acted for him as professor*, and the same year Febr. 1 
(upon that doctor's resignation^) was chosen regius profes- 
sor in divinity (whilst we had no king) by the unanimous 
consent of the electors, as it is entered upon the Black Book^ 
with the names of the electors, viz. Dr Thomas Dillingham 30 
vice-chancellor, Dr Whichcot provost of King's, Dr Cud- 
worth master of Christ's, James Duport vice-master of Tri- 
nity, with the two senior fellows of that college, his own 
consent as seventh being implied in accepting of their 

^ He was a schoolfellow to Mr ^ Eegr. acad. 

Samuel Whiting at Boston, his * MS. Dr D. 

chamberfellow at Emmanuel col- ^ Dr Arrowsmith's resignation is 

lege, and afterwards corresponded dated Jan. x°, 1655. Ex orifinali 

with him when that good man went sub sigillo. 

to America. ^ Black Book, p. 119. 

2 MS. Tenison. 


choice: nor had they then any man more fit to fill the 
chair than he. 

In this post he continued till the restoration, when a set 
of young men (for the old ejected members seem to have 
5 been content with their commons) were so intoxicated with 
the return of the king and flushed with warmer expecta- 
tions, as to forget all reverence and gratitude that was due 
to a venerable old man and to turn upon their benefactor, 
to whom most of them owed encouragement, and some of 

lo them their preferment. The same person that had been so 
much reverenced by them was now neglected ; complaints 
were brought by them and preferred at court against him ; 
where meeting with countenance, the good old man, partly 
awed with the terrors of the higher powers and partly 

15 grieved and vexed with the ingratitude of his fellows, or 
possibly foreseeing a consequent necessity upon his non- 
compliance, was easily prevailed with^ to resign his prefer- 
ments ; a pension of a hundred pounds per annum being 
reserved to him out of the emoluments of his professorship, 

20 which was duly paid him to his dying day. 

The rest of his time he spent in retirement, most part 
at London, where he had been pastor ^ of St Michael le 
Querne, and where he had been commissioner at the con- 
ference at the Savoy : but either through diffidence of him- 

25 self or for other reasons, though he had filled the chair at 
Cambridge so many years with reputation by acquitting 
himself extremely well, yet never could be prevailed with 
to appear and act in that conference: whilst Mr Baxter, 
who knew nothing of an university nor was acquainted 

30 with any other chair save that of the pulpit, only in the 

strength of natural logic ventured to engage in mood and 

figure with some of our best and most experienced divines, 

with such success as usually attends rash undertakings. 

He died in a- good old age^ and in good esteem, and 

35 was buried in St Andrew's church Under-Shaft in the 
same city. Some little things he published himself whilst 

^ His resignation of his master- ^ MS. Dr M, 

ship and professorship is dated June ^ He died in Spittle-yard in Febr. 

22 anno Dai 1661. Eegr. acad. an. 1669-70, in the 71st year of his 

ex origin. age. V. Calamy, [Account] p. 81. 

232 ST John's college. 

living; after his death were published a pretty large volume 
of his sermons in English, Lond. an. 1676, and his lectures 
and theses in Latin in another pretty large volume in quarto 
at Amsterdam an. 1679, with a short account of his life 
prefixed, as I suppose, hy Dr William Dillingham his sue- 5 
cessor at Emmanuel college. 

One thing may be said in favour of him and his prede- 
cessor, or rather is a right owing to their memory, that 
though they were not perhaps so learned as some of those 
that have before and since filled that post and station, yet lo 
their government was so good and the discipline under 
them so strict and regular, that learning then flourished, 
and it was under them that some of those great men had 
their education that were afterwards the ornaments of the ' 
following age. I need not name them; Stillingfleet, Beve- 15 
ridge, Cave, etc. are names well known, names that will 
live in future ages, when their first instructors may perhaps 
be forgot. This observation might be carried through other 
colleges : Dr Worthington was the pattern of a wise and 
prudent master, and was a better governor, though not so 20 
great a man (and yet he was every way great), as he that 
succeeded him at Jesus college ; and it had been happy for 
that society had he been continued there under a better 
title, as he desired^, with the same even temper wherewith 
he contentedly receded. Nor was this the only loss we 25 
sustained through the heat and forwardness of those times. 

Dr Tuckney died towards the latter end of February^ 
and was buried as aforesaid on the first of March 1669-70. 
The distemper of which he died was a jaundice attended 
with the scurvy. 30 

1 Dr W.'s letters. MSS. [Diary and Correspondence, i. 38, 39.] 

2 MS. Worthington, 

Admitted June the 25th an. 1661. 

Could any tiling have atoned and expiated for tlie 
ingratitude of the society towards Dr Tuckney, it was 
their choice of so worthy a man as Dr Gunning ; one who 
had suffered an ejectment at Clare hall under the nsurpa- 
5 tion, and had shewed as much zeal and activity in the 
service of the king and church as any one in his station 
had done. Him the college thought of, and to make the 
election more easy, the king's letters were sent down\ not 
mandatory (which there was no need of, for the fellows 

I o already began to be strangely possessed with loyalty to 
the king and affection to the church), but dispensing with 
some irregularities or difficulties in the manner of the 
choice, and recommending Dr Gunning as a man of worth, 
chaplain in ordinary and one that would be acceptable to 

15 the court. No more was needful to be done, the doctor was 
chose and admitted master June 25 an. 1661. 

He had been master of Benet, where he was admitted 
Feb. 3 an. 1660 in pursuance of the king's mandate upon 
the death of Dr Love. That was too confined a station 

2o for him ; he was to be placed upon an eminency where he 
might give light to the university ; and this society having 
been miserably tainted and infected with factious and 
pernicious principles, it was necessary to bring in such a 
man as would effectually rout out the old leaven and 

25 restore it to its former lustre. This, no doubt, was the 
intention of placing Dr Gunning here, for he was made 

^ Dat. Jun. 18 an. reg. 13. 

234: ST John's college. 

king's professor about the same time, and succeeded 
Dr Tuckney in both his preferments. And how well he 
answered the end of his coming hither appeared in the 
consequences, when the old taint and leaven being removed 
and better principles planted in their place, they quickly 5 
took such firm and deep root as not to shrink, though they 
were not long after called upon trial. That matter I shall 
not meddle with here, and being now come within the 
memory of man, I am sensible I must be more tender of 
what I deliver ; I shall therefore give a short account ofio 
this great man from his own papers ; they will answer for 

"I was born (you now hear bishop Gunning^) in the 
year of our Lord according to the style of the church of 
England 1613, Jan. 11, on Tuesday at five of the clock in 15 
the afternoon, and was baptized by the mercy of God 
Jan. 16, being Sunday, as appears by the register of the 
parish of Hoo in Kent near Rochester. When I was two 
years old, it pleased God to call my father out of this 
world. 20 

"At thirteen years of age an. 1626 I was by the dean 
of Canterbury Dr Bargrave called out of a private school 
in Lenham in Kent to the king's free school in Christ's 
church in Canterbury, where I was made king's scholar. 
In the year 1628 I was chosen upper victor of that 25 

"In the year 1629, being then fifteen years of age and 
four months, I went to Cambridge and was admitted in 
Clare hall, where I soon had a double scholarship, one 
of the foundation and another of my lord of Exeter's. In 30 
the year of our Lord 1632 I commenced bachelor of arts 
and was made senior brother. In the year of our Lord 
1632 ending on new year's day January 1 I was chosen 
fellow of the college, when I was nineteen years old. At 
the same year, ending at the latter act I was made tripus. 35 
In the year 1633 ending in February I came into profit. 
In the year 1634 I was at Michaelmas term chosen mode- 
rator of the bachelors, and so continued two terms one 

1 From bp. Gunning's papers MSS. 


before and another after Christmas. In the year 1635 
in July I commenced master of arts and was sworn prse- 
varicator. In the year 1642 I should have commenced 
bachelor of divinity ; but the heads of the university be- 
5 ing carried away by Cromwell, I refused it. 

" In the year 1643, May 1, I was expelled the univer- 
sity of Cambridge for preaching a sermon in St Mary's 
against the covenant, as well as for the refusing the cove- 
nant. In the same year I went with my friend Mr Isaac 

lo Barrow to Oxford, where I continued to the year 1646, 
in which year I commenced bachelor of divinity in Ox- 
ford ; where I had continued (only going out on Sundays 
to Cassington for two years of that time) unto that time . 
when the town of Oxford was surrendered ; whence I 

15 came out with articles (for freedom of my conscience) 
which I have still by me. In the same year 1646 after 
the surrendering I was sent for to live wath the right 
honourable viscountess Falkland, where after a month's 
stay and an earnest invitation from my lord Hatton to 

20 come to be tutor to his son the now lord Hatton and to 
Sir Francis Compton, where there was the use of a large 
library offered me, I was by the advice of the lady Falk- 
land 'lierself in her kindness to me advised to embrace 
that other condition. 

25 "From the year 1646 unto the year 1650 I continued 
at Kirby house with the lady Hatton and her son. In 
the year 1650 I was invited from Kirby to be tutor to 
the earl of Sunderland with double salary offered me, 
which I refused, being unwilling to leave the place where 

30 I was. 

"In the year 1656 Sir Robert Shirley my honoured 
patron was pleased to settle on me the annuity of a hun- 
dred pounds a year during my natural life (at which 
time also my lord Scudamore offered me the annuity of 

35 forty pounds per annum during [life] to have lived with 
him and read philosophy to him). In Sir Eobert Shir- 
ley's house I continued officiating that whole year until 
his death in the Tower. 

" In the years 1657, 1658, 1659 and part of 1660, 

40 through the mercy of God I continued publicly officiat- 

236 ST John's college. 

ing for the churcli of England with my assistant Mr 
William Chamberlaine till his majesty's happy restora- 

" In the year 1660 his gracious majesty being returned, 
I was made his majesty's chaplain, doctor of divinity at 5 
Cambridge and prebend of Christ's Church in Canterbury. 
In the same year 1660 ending, I was about Christmas 
time inducted into two parsonages, Stoke Bruerne in North- 
amptonshire by the presentation of the lord Hatton and 
Cotesmore in Rutlandshire by the presentation of Sir ro 
Edward Heath. 

*" In the year of oar Lord 1661 I was made by his ma- 
jesty's command master of Benet college in Cambridge 
and the lady Margaret professor, and within a quarter 
of a year after about the commencement time chosen by 15 
the university regius professor of divinity, and by an 
unanimous consent of the fellows of St John's college, 
master of St John's college. 

" In the year of our Lord 1669 on the day of king 
Charles the First's martyrdom I was by his gracious ma- 20 
jesty Charles the Second nominated and March the 6th 
consecrated by eight ^ [bishops] bishop of Chichester, and 
resigned up freely the mastership of St John's, ouly re- 
taining by his majesty's gracious favour my regius pro- 
fessor's place in divinity at Cambridge^ for four years 3^ 
coming, if it please God I should live so long, which 
time his majesty by his special favour had granted me 
for the paying of my first fruits." 

The account reaches no further, being taken, as is 
implied, when he was made bishop of Chichester. He 30 
was afterwards removed to Ely an. 1674-5. What he 
says of his resignation is true, he did resign the master- 
ship freely^ March 25, 1670, and yet not without an eye 
to his worthy successor, whose interest being secured, 

1 [Gunning was consecrated at His resignation is dated Mar. 26 

Lambeth Mar. 6, i6||, by eight 1674. Dr Beaumont was admitted 

bishops. Stubbs, Eegistr. Sacr. An- by virtue of the king's mandate 

glic. Oxf. 1858, p. 102.] (dated Jun. 20, 1670). V. Vol. xxv. 

^ He held the place of regius pro- MS. p. 303-4. 

fessor four years after he was bishop. ^ i-{,egr. coll. 


he more freely resigned. His government was generally 
good, regular liimself and expecting it from others, strict 
in discipline and awful in his looks as well as his con- 
duct ; and yet as good men have their failings, so he was 
5 not without some imperfection, especially in elections, 
that were not always the best. I have heard one of 
his fellows, that could neither write Latin nor pro- 
nounce it and was not over reputable in his life and 
morals, who continued a scab upon the society (as such 

lo vermin usually do) till he was taken off late to a college 
living, where he died a sordid miser in the utmost con- 
tempt and execration of his people. 

And yet this good master, who could consent to such 
a choice, being probably blinded with a mistaken zeal and 

15 too much concern for a loyal family, when a case was 
proposed to him wherein the interest of. the church v/as 
more directly concerned, refused his consent, though he 
was pressed thereto by a much greater man and the king 
himself solicited the affair by his letters under seal and 

20 offered such an expedient as might have satisfied most 
other men that would have had less regard for the church's 
interest, for the which this good man would most un- 
doubtedly have died a martyr: though there was no 
need of it in this case, being of another nature and the 

25 thing being dropt upon his representation of the incon- 
veniences and hurt that might attend it. 

It is pity he did not live some few years longer, that 
he might have been brought upon a further trial of his 
constancy, for I can have no doubt but he would have 

30 acquitted himself like a primitive prelate, like his suc- 
cessor at Ely and others that had been taught by him, 
and that he would have acted up to those principles that 
he had so long, so openly and so undauntedly professed. 
But it pleased God to remove him from the evil day, and 

35 not to suffer his righteous soul to be grieved and ex- 
ercised with such trials as he might have resisted, but 
could not have overcome. He died July 6th, 1684, as 
much beloved, as justly admired, reverenced and deserv- 
edly lamented, as ever any bishop was there. 

40 It were presumption in me to offer at his character, 

238 ST John's college, 

after it has been done by two of the succeeding masters, 
the one in Latin, the other in English ; to whom I refer 
much rather than to a certain prelate or Mr Baxter, who 
have been slurring enough in their account of him. He 
had been of three several colleges, this was his Benjamin, 5 
his most beloved, and accordingly tasted most of his 
benefactions, so well known that they need not be men- 
tioned. His books alone were a considerable gift\ left 
entire to the library, where they yet and always will bear 
his name. He has not wrote many of his own, and more lo 
is published for him than he intended, a catalogue whereof 
may be had in Mr Wood, who has claimed him as an 
Oxford author, with as much reason as he has done seve- 
ral others. The book or treatise entituled Certain Dis- 
quisitions etc. against the covenant was digested by him i5 
from materials collected by him and others, but he and 
his assistants, viz. Mr Barwick^ and Lacy of St John's, 
Mr Barrow of Peterliouse, Mr Ward of Sidney and Mr 
Baldro and Qaarles of Pembroke hall, having been then 
young men, I suspect it was not wrote with the same 20 
strength with that at Oxford. It is said to have been 
printed^; I never could see it, though I looked for it 
very carefully when his books and scattered papers were 
sent into the library, nor did I ever meet with any one 
that did. Had it been a perfect work, it would have 25 
been more taken notice of and would probably have been 
reprinted upon the return of the king. The two con- 
ferences or disputations were published by his adversa- 
ries*; and though I have heard that he used to complain 
of unfair dealing in the publication, yet he thought not- 30 
withstanding the plausible glosses and false colours thrown 
upon them there was enough to inform and convince an 
impartial reader on which side the truth lay, and that 

^ See more in his last will. nant etc. published by command at 

2 MS. Life of Dr Barwick. Oxford an. 1644. 4'°. The preface 

3 I am much mistaken if it were and postscript (as well as internal 
not reprinted at Oxford under this arguments) seem to shew it. 

title, Certain Disquisitions and Con- * In an answer to Denne, publish- 

siderations representing to the Con- edtheyearafter the conference 1659. 

science the Unlawfulness of the Oath Denn's account is then said to be 

entituled A Solemn League and Cove- contradicted by numerous auditors. 


being secured, he was the less solicitous to do himself 

Papers in MSS. he has left in heaps, many of which I 
have seen, and have perused some of them, and if the rest 
5 be like these, I will venture to absolve his trustees that 
nothing has been published since his death. Had he 
been as good at methodizing as he was in collecting, we 
might have had fewer papers and more in print. For 
this reason he was not the most popular preacher, being 

10 too digressive and immethodical ; but what was wanting 
in his method, was made up hj his looks, the most grace- 
ful and venerable I ever saw : so that though his dis- 
courses were generally long, yet to me they were never 
tedious, and I could cheerfully attend him through all 

15 his rambles, having somewhat in them extremely charm- 
ing and apostolical, either from the gracefulness of his 
person or the strength and authority wherewith they were 
delivered. He has often put me in mind of Gislebert 
the monk of Crowland, who being sent by his convent 

20 to preach at Cambridge, though he were^ rude of the 
English tongue (for he was a Frenchman) and was only 
master of Latin and French^ yet he edified extremely and 
wrought strange comjpunction in his hearers. But whilst 
I speak against digressions, I must not digress. 

25 It has commonly been said, and Mr Wood seems to 
have believed it, that Mr Tillotson afterwards archbishop 
of Canterbury succeeded him^ immediately in his fellow- 
ship at Clare hall, upon his ejectment: that is sufficiently 
confuted by the archbishop's standing, and could not pos- 

30 sibly be, unless we will suppose him to be elected fellow 
before he was admitted scholar in that house. He did not 
commence bachelor of arts till the year 1650^ at Midsum- 
mer (being probably in no very opulent condition), and 

^ Kudis in Anglicana lingua, sed 1645, by warrant from the earl of 

expeditus et profundus in Latina et Manchester. 

Gallicana sua Increduli com- ^ J>egr. acad. an. 1650. John 

puncti accurrerunt. Petr. Blesens. Tillotson was admitted pensioner in 

p. 114, edit. Oxon. Clare hall under Mr Clarkson Apr. 

2 Mr Clarkson was immediate 78, 1647; admitted fellow circa Nov. 

successor to Mr Gunning, May 5, 27, 165 1. 

240 ST John's college. 

without that degree he was not qualified to be a fellow. 
But though he was not his immediate successor at Clare 
hall, he did immediately succeed him in his prebend of 
Canterbury not many years after ; which could Mr Gun- 
ning have foreseen, he would hardly have turned him out 5 
of his fellowship 1, when he had no longer occasion for it 
himself. Nor did Mr Tillotson then foresee what heaven 
had in store for him, when by a good providence being sent 
forth to seek his fortune, he improved his talent of preach- 
ing so well, which he had never exercised at Cambridge, lo 
that he became the greatest clergyman in England. Where- 
as had he kept in, having then no better prospect than to 
hold his ground, he might probably have sat down con- 
tented with such a subsistence, might have gone through 
college offices till he was senior of his house, and might i5 
perhaps at last have died master of Clare hall, if Dr Blithe's 
better interest would have given him leave. This (with 
innumerable instances of the like nature) might teach men 
contentment under the dispensations of providence, at least 
never to repine or murmur at seeming evils ; for no man ^o 
knows what is good for him, only this is certain, that what 
God in his providence orders is always the best. And this 
might teach us never to insult a falling man, for little do 
we know what shall be next, and how soon he that is now 
down may rise above us. 25 

Another great man our bishop was concerned with (Mr 
Gunning) was Dr Cosin afterwards bishop of Durham, in 
the way of friendship as may be supposed, though it was 
not cultivated and conducted in the most courtly manner^. 
It was Mr Gunning that had put the doctor upon compiling 30 
his Scholastic History of the Canon of Scrijjture, and at his 
instance and for the service of the church the doctor had been 
prevailed with to undertake that work"; and being finished 
it was sent over from Paris, and the doctor received the ap- 
probation of his friend (as he well deserved) in very lofty 35 

^ This I have heard since question- and acted as fellow several months, 
ed, and again confirmed from the ori- ^ j^j. Cosin's letters, MSS. [printed 

ginal instrument and other papers from Baker's copy in Cosin's Works 

at Clare hall. Mr Tillotson was iv. 410 — 450.] 
ejected and Mr Gunning restored ^ MSS. Letters. 


expressions. But before tlie book was printed off, Mr Gun- 
ning (who had the ushering of it to the press) had smelt 
out some odd objections, and as he was not at all retentive, 
sent them over freely to Paris, in the doctor's opinion at an 
5 unseasonable time and in no very friendly manner. This 
occasioned some expostulations, answers and replies, and 
as both of them were naturally vehement in their temper, 
the controversy was managed with warmth enough. The 
objections cannot be stated in a narrow compass, and the 

lo truth of it is, I do not very well understand them ; but as 
far as I apprehend, the doctor had the advantage in the 
argument and Mr Gunning's objections (if they had been 
printed) would not have shaken the authority of that excel- 
lent book. I have been told that Mr Gunning when bishop 

15 of Chichester and Ely always had the same objections, 
perhaps improved and grown up to greater strength : it 
seems he did not think fit to make them public, and so 
that controversy being happily buried, I shall let it rest 
with the authors of it, who are now in peace and both now 

20 see clearly what one of them at least did not then com- 

Other adversaries he had to some of his notions and 
opinions, which though they might be true, yet were not 
all of them so commonly received. But he was so fair as 

25 to suffer his private opinions to be disputed whilst he 
moderated in the chair, where they lost nothing by his 
way of maintaining them, where he met every argument in 
its full forc€j and never dismissed any without an answer^ 





EoBEETUS HoLGATE^ S.T.P. prior S. Marige Watte 
ordinis Gilbertini consecratur episcopus Landavensis 
Mar. 25 an. 1537, dein provectus ad arcliiepiscopatum 
Eboracensem an. 1544. Joannensem fuisse perhibet MS. 
Tenisonianum^, sed valde dubito. Quidam Robertus Hoi- 5 
gate Eboracensis admissus fuit socius pro domina funda- 
trice^ Mar. 21 an. 1561, qui si filius fuerit arcliiepiscopi, 
argumento est patrem prodiisse ex eodem collegio. 

Geo. Day* filius natu tertius Eicardi Day de Newport 
in com. Salop, gen., admissus socius coll. Jo. pro episcopo lo 
Roffensi Sept. 19, 1522, S.T.P. 1537, admissus prajfectus 
coll. Jo. Jul. 27 eodem anno, propositus coll. Regal. Jun. 5 
an. 1588, ubi resignavit (abdicavit potius) officium Oct. 2, 
1547. Orator academise primus a primo, procancellarius 
an. 1538. Decretum sive sententia academiaj Cantabrigi- 15 
ensis de potestate Eomani pontificis* an. 1534 scripta est 
ab CO, tunc oratore publico et strenuo suprematus regii 
assertore, quo viam munivit ad episcopatum Cicestren- 
sem, primus (ni fallor) inter Joannenses qui mitra fulsit 
episcopali. Exauctoratus ab Edvardo Sexto, restitutus 20 
sub Maria regina. Obiit Aug. 2, 1556. Testamento^ suo 

1 An. 1537. 5 Excus. in Speciniine Ant. Har- 

2 MS^Tenison. mer, p. 163. MS. in libro oratoria 
^ Eegr. coll. Jo. publici. 

4 An. 1543, mense Maia. 6 J^ ^uria prserog. 


clat. Jul. 28, 1556, legat collegio D. Jo. Biblia Com- 
plutensia (ornamenta nonnuUa contulerat prius capellse) 
ac Chrysostomum et Clementem Alexanclr. Grasc. coll. 

5 Joannes Tayler^ artium bac. an. 1523; admissus so- 
cius collegii Eegin. circa annum 1524; procurator acade- 
miee an. 1532-3'^; instit^tus rector ecclesi^ Sti. Petri Corn- 
liill April 14, 1536 ; S.T.P. an. 1538 ; eteodem anno Jul. 4 
electus magister collegii Jo. ; decanus prius, dein episcopus 

10 Lincoln., consecratus Jun. 26, 1552: detrusus inde (cum 
integrum annum nondum consederat) sub Maria regina, 
ob nullitatem consecrationis ejus et defectum tituli, uti per- 
liibet registrum^ Cantuar. Obiit brevi postea Ankerwici 
in dome Thomas Smith militis, amici sui et olim consocii 

15 in collegio Reginali. 

Eadulphus Bayns* Eboracensis, artium bac. an. 1517- 
8®, incipit in artibus an. 1521 ; admissus socius coll. Jo. 
circa eundem annum pro episcopo Eoffensi. Rebus collegii 
fluctuantibus recessit, fitque Hebraicarum literarum profes- 

20 sor regius Lutetias regnante Francisco primo insigni lite- 
rarum patrono, ibique floruit usque ad annum 1554. Circa 
id tempus rediit in Angliam regnante Maria, fitque episco- 
pus Cov. et Lich.^ Mar. 3, 1554-5 ; S.T.P. eodem anno 
per gratiam: conceditur'' enim Mro. Bane, ut possit admitti 

25 extra academiam, vel a summo nostro cancellario Wintoni- 
ensi episcopo, Dunelmensi vel Cicestrensi. Sub regina 
Elizabetha exauctoratus (in causa suprematus) Jun. 21, 
1559, brevi postea calculo extinctus est Londini eodem 
anno, Januario exeunte, sepultus in ecclesia Sti. Dunstani 

30 occidentali. 

Scripsit commentarios eruditos in Proverbia Salomonis, 

1 An. 1552. ^ Electus episcopus Licli. an. 

2 Eegr. acad. I554j regina assensum suum adhi- 

3 V. Specimen, p. 133. buit Nov. 10 an. 1554, temporalia 
* An. 1554-5. restituit Decemb. 6, 1554, primi- 
^ Bad. Bayne, A.B. Ebor. dioc. tias et decimas remisit eodem anno. 

admissus erat presbyter ad tit. coll. Eymer [sv. 407, 408, 410]. 

S. Jo. Cant. Apiil. 23 an. 1519. ^ Begr. acad. 

Eegr. Ellen. 



excuses Parisiis an. 1553, et inscriptos Henrico 2do Gal- 
liarura regi, recuses an. 1660 inter Criticos Sacros, uti 
optime merentur. 

Thomas Watson' dioc. Dunelmensis, artium bac. an. 
1532-3, admissus socius collegii Jo. circa annum 1533 pro 5 
Mro. Ashton ; incipit in artibus an. 1535-6, admissus pra3- 
fectus coll. Jo. per procuratorem suum Chr. Brown Sept. 28, 
an. 1553^; decanus Dunelmensis Nov. 18 eodem anno; 
S.T.P. an. 1554; designatus a card. Polo inter alios ad 
visitandam academiam Cant, anno 1556 exeunte, tunc elec- lo 
tus episcopus Lincoln., consecratus postea an. 1557, amotus 
inde sub Elizabetha regina, et subinde turbis jactatus, tan- 
dem compingitur in arcem Wisbicensem^, ubi moritur circa 
annum 1584, serumnis et annis gravis. 

Juvenis adhuc contexuit tragoediam (Absalon) tam ac- 15 
curate scriptam, ut reliquis omnibus placeret; sibi tam en 
non satisfecit, ac proinde noluit esse publici juris. Provec- 
tior setate et jam episcopus Line, edidit conciones de sacra- 
mentis*, pro ea setate satis comptas et ornatas, editis prius 
duabus concionibus quadragesimalibus in 8vo. Transtulit 20 
in sermonem Angl.^ Cjprianum (Pseudocyprianum) de 
cena Domini, et forsitan alia quse mihi videre non contigit. 
Erat sane vir doctissimus (teste Aschamo, qui optime norat) 
et politioris literaturse restaurator egregius, una cum Red- 
manno, Checo aliisque consociis suis in collegio Jo., tunc 25 
temporis florentissimo. 

Joannes Ceistofobson* Lancastriensis, natus in villa 
de Ulverston, se teste in testamento'^ suo. Alumnus aulse 
Pemb. Cant, prius, dein collegii D. Jo. sub tutela Joannis 
Redman; artium bac. an. 1540-1, admissus socius coll. Jo. 
pro Mro. Ashton Maii 9, 1542, auctoritate episcopi Elien- 
sis visitatoris collegii^. 

Incipit in artibus an. 1542-3, nominatus socius collegii 

1 An. 1557. 5 ]yig ppjjgg jj^g_ 

S Archiva coll. 6 An. 1557. 

3 An. 1580 una cum Joa. Yonge 7 Dat. Oct. 6 an. 1556, probat. 
S.T.P. olim consocio et aliis. Feb. 9, 1562. 

4 Lond. 1558. 4'°. 8 Rg— _ j^i;g^_ 



Trlnitatls an. 1546 in ipsa charta fundationis. Post exteras 
regiones peragratas quinque annorum curriculo sumptibus 
coUegii, reversus constituitur magister ejusdem collegii, 
sufFectus a Maria regina in locum doctoris Bill a prasfectura 
5 detrusi an. 1553. Eeginse Marias a confessionibus et a 
sacris, decanus Norvicensis, admissus ibi April. 18, 1554, 
ac tandem episcopus Cicestrensis an. 1557. Obiit an. 1558, 
sepultus 28 die mensis Decembris ejusdem anni. 

Transtulit vir doctissimus ac linguae Graecae peritissi- 

lo mus in sermonem Latinum Philonis Judaei libros quatuor, 
excuses Antv. an. 1553, 4to, necnon Historise Ecclesiasticae 
Scriptores, prius editos ab Edv. Godsalvo coll. Trin. socio^ 
dein recognitos et illustrates a SufFrido Petro, et excuses 
Coloniaa Agripp. an. 1581 fol. Scripsit Anglice An Exhor- 

15 tation against Rebellion, etc., rebellionem nempe Tho. Wy- 
ati militis (filii Tho. Wyat senioris, poetae celeberrimi ac 
tarn gentis quam collegii hujus ornamenti) excus. Londini 
an. 1554, 12mo. Habetur MS. Plutarchi Chajronfjei phi- 
losophi libellus de futili loquacitate, e Graeco in Latinum a 

20 Jo. Christophersono conversus, una cum textu Graeco. 
Autographon auctoris extat inter MSS. A. Selleri. 

Thomas Boucher^ alumnus collegii D. Jo., primo ab- 
bas* Leicestrensis, dein episcopus Glocestrensis, designatus 
a regina Maria, electus est an. 1558 anno exeunte in locum 

25 (ut videtur) Jacobi Brookes defuncti. Fallitur enim God- 
winus, qui Jacobum Brookes obiisse perhibet an. 1559. 
Vacavit enim sedes Glocestr. per mortem naturalem Jacobi 
Brookes Sept. 7, 1558. Begina vero brevi postea extincta, 
electus iste (non consecratus) a sede sua detrusus est, una 

30 cum duobus aliis episcopis electis ac etiam tertio aut electo 
aut saltern nominate^. 

Edwinus Sandys* natus in Furness Fells^ in comitatu 
Lancastr., ex familia antiqua in agro Cumbr. apud villam 

1 An. 1558. •* An._i5S9. 

2 Potius prior. ® Eegr. aul. Cath. In villa de 

3 Vit. Jo. Roffen. MS. ; Rymer, Haukeshead, ubi scholam literariam 
Acta Publica, Tom. xiv. p. 639, instituit. 

Joan. Bourchier ; Tom. xv. p. 489. 


S. Begse, Grindallo archiepiscopo natalem, eique ex vicinio 
notus et ex morum ac studiorum cognatione amicus ; per 
cetera fere gemelli, uterque enim incepit in artibus eodem 
anno 1540-1, ac in theologia an. 1549; uterque procurator 
academise, collegiorum quoque prsefecti uterque, uterque 5 
episcopus eodem anno, ac postea ejusdem sedis arcliiepi- 

Vixit noster in collegio Jo. pensionarius per septennium 
aut eo amplius^. Inter socios aulge Catli. non occurrit; ad- 
missus ibi prsefectus circa annum 1547; procan. an. 1553. lo 
Sub eodem tempore duce Nortliumbr. adveniente Canta- 
brigiam, et procancellario jussu ducis concionante de re du- 
bia et ancipiti, incurrit in offensam reginas ac compingitur 
in Turrim Londinensem; ubi diu detentus, tandem amico- 
rum ope et reginge gratia evasit ac fugit in Germaniam. 15 
■Reversus inde an. 1559 designatur episcopus Wigorn., sa- 
cratus Dec. 21 ejusdem anni, ac Grindallo translate primo 
a sede Londinensi deinde a sede Eboracensi, ei utrobique 
successit, tam Londini quam Eboraci. Obiit Jul. 10, 1588, 
Southwellite tumulatus cum splendido epitaphio : qualis 20 
fuerit, inde discas. 

Cujus Mc reconditum cadaver jacet, genere oion JiumiUs 
vixit, dignitate locoque magmis, exemplo major, dupUci func- 
tus episcopatu, arcMepiscopali tandem amplitudine illus'tris, 
honores hosce mercatus grandi pretio, meritis virtutihiisque. 25 

Magnanimus, apertus et tantum nescius adulari, summe 

liber alls atque onisericors, hospitalissime optimus, facilis et in 
sola vitia superhus, sc. liaud minora quam locutus est, vixit 
et fait. In Evangelii prcedicandi laborihus assiduus, facun- 
dus nolehat esse, et videhatur . . .honas liter as auxit...ecclesice ^o 
patrimonium intactum defendit etc. 

De sobole nihil. Suspicor scriptum fuisse a filio ; erat 
enim prole felicissimus. Prodierunt conciones ejus numero 
22, pro ea setate sane admodum elegantes, excusse an. 1585 
recusse 1616, 4to, cum prgefatione rev. prcesulis. 35 

EOBEETUS HoRNE^ Duuelmeusis secundum Godwinum 

Canonicus ecclesi^ cath. Petri- sentationem reglse majestatis Sept. 

burg, ad prsesentationeni regiee ma- an. 1552. 

jestatis Dec. as an. 1549, ejectus 2 ^jj_ i^gg. 
inde. Canonicus Carliolensis ad prae- 


juxta M. Parkerum et verius Cumlirlensls, filius Joan. 
Home, nepos Gul. Home de Cletor in Copland in eodem 
comitatu. Quod eo magis notanduin, quia tempore Mariffi 
reginte oLjectum ei fuit extraneum fuisse et Scotum, qiiam 
5 calumniam strenue diluit in Apologia sua excusa 1553. 
Admissus socius coUegii Jo. Mar. 25, 1536, artinm bac. 
eodem anno; incipit in artibus 1539-40; thesam'arius sen. 
an. 36 Hen. 8; lector Hebr. an. 37 et 38 Hen. 8; S.T.B. 
an. 1545-6 ; vicarius de Matching com. Essex Oct. 3, 1546; 

10 rector Omn. Sanctorum Bread Street Lond. Maii 8, 1550; 
decanus Dunelra.^ ISTov. 20 an. 1551; nominatus ad episco- 
patum Dunelm. an. 1552 (si recte calculum institnit notus 
auctor, sed valde dubito. Credo intelligi debere de admi- 
nistratione potestatis episcopalis in ista diocesi, quam sibi 

^5 oblatam respnit^). Decanatu ejectus sub Maria regina fugit 
in Germaniam, vixitque exul usque ad tempora Elizabetlise, 
ab eadem restitutus 1559: S.T.P. eodem anno ; designatus 
episcopus Winton. an. 1560, consecratus Jan. 16, ubi post- 
quam sedisset 19 annos vita excessit Jun. 1, 1579; sepul- 

2o tus in ecclesia sua cathedrali prope pulpitum, sicut decre- 
verat testamento^ suo. Reliquit quatuor filias, Annam et 
Mariam nuptas Joanni Darell et Joa. Hales, ac Margare- 
tam et Rebeccam nuptas Dairell et Heyman, quas consti- 
tuit lieredes. Superstes adhuc dedit libros nonnuUos bib- 

25 liothecEC publico academic Cant., atque Biblia Hebrsea ac 
Rab. Salomonis commentaries collegio. Erat vir doctus, 
ingenio sagax, sed moribus asperis, rexitque ecclesiam 
summa severitate, unde apud nonnullos conflavit invidiam 
et apud pontificios odium. 

30 Scripsit exul Apologiam prafixam duabus homiliis Jo. 

Calvini ab eo in sermonem Anglicum versis, excusam Romse 

ad insigne Sancti Petri (sed ementito titulo) an. 1553. 

- Prsesul Wintoniensis scripsit librum contra Joannem 

Fecknam de juramento suprematus, excusum Londini an. 

35 1566, 4to. 

Promisit quidem librum, idque satis minaciter, de lise- 
resi, blasphemia et idolatria missse ; num autem minas istas 

1 Kegr. Dunelm. 3 Dat. Mar. 29, 1579, probat. 

2 V. Apolog. [f°. Dili. v°.] Jun. 27, 1579. 


prffistitit, nondum comperi. Baleus citat librum de raissse 
abominationibus, sed ita tarn en citat, quasi nunquam prO' 
diisset in lucem. 

Jacobus Pilkington^ filius Eicardi P. armigeri, ex 
equestri Pilkingtonorum familia de Eivington in agro Lan- 5 
castriensi oriundus, admissus est in collegio D. Jo. sub 
tutela (uti pluribus indiciis conjicio) Joannis Redmayn; 
art. bac. an. ISSQ'^; admissus socius Mar. 26 eodem anno; 
incipit in artibus an. 1542 ; bac. theol. an. 1550, quo gradu 
contentus superiorem gradum vel neglexit vel sprevit. 10 
Circa id tempus theologiam legebat in scholis publicis 
sponte et gratis; sub Elizabetlia professus est stipendiis 
regiis. Sed brevi (ut videtur) constitutus episcopus Dunel- 
mensis an. 1561, consecratus vel confirmatus Mar. 2, ubi 
quam bene se gesserit, loquuntur posteri. Fervidus erat et 15 
superstitioni inimicus acerrimus, vir sane bonus, preesul 
non optimus, papismi osor, in puritanos pronior, quos dum 
nimium fovebat aut laxando habenas indulsit, disciplinam 
ecclesise suae labefactavit aut infregit. 

Conjugatus erat; uxorem duxit Aliciam ex equestri 20 
KingsmilloruHi Sigmantonise in agro Hamptoniensi familia 
oriundara, ex qua genuit filios duos Josuam et Isaacum, 
ac duas filias Deboram et Rutham, satis opulenter dotatas, 
uti perhibetur. Discessit Aucklandise Jan. 23 an. 1575, 
ibique conditus ; translatus inde tumulatus est in ecclesia 25 
sua cathedrali Dunelmensi 24 Mali ejusdem anni. Monu- 
mentum ei posuit Robertus Swift, cancellarius ejus ac col- 
legii D. Jo. socius dignissimus. Epitaphium ssepius vidi, 
ubi licet prseclara multa jure merito recenseri videantur, 
non tamen dicitur (Edwino pene peculiare erat) patrimo- 30 
nium ecclesise intactum reliquisse. 

Vivus adhuc edidit duos libros, unum de causis confla- 
grationis ecclesise Paulinse Lond. an. 1561, excusum an. 
1563, Anglice dvcovvfji(o<i, alteram commentarium in Ag- 
geum et Abdiam, Lond. 1562. Prodiit commentarius in 35 
aliquot capita Nehemige an. 1585, 4to, opus postumum, 
editore Joanne Fox martjrologo et ecclesise Dunelmensis 

1 An. 1561. * Regr. acad. 


quandoque canonico. Extant binge literge in parte Re- 
gistri^ ab eo (uti ibi perhibetur) scriptse, quod valde nolim. 
Extat etiam (inter Buceri Scripta Anglic.) concio ejus La- 
tina habita in restitutione Buceri et Fagii. 

5 Thomas Davyes'^ Wallus inter Joannenses comparet 
quamvis ad nos migravit ab Oxonio ; miror eum fugisse 
Antonium Wood, qui Cantabrigienses non paucos Oxonio 
asseruit non tequo jure. Theologia doctor Cantabr. secun- 
dum Parkerum, LL.D. juxta registrum an. 1548. Episco- 

lo pus Asaphensis consecratus Maii 26 an. 1561, setatis suae 
49. Excessit e vivis an. 1573 mense Septembri exeunte 
vel ineunte Octobri. 

E.ICAEDUS CuETES^ in agro Lincolniensi natus, admissus 
est discipulus pro fundatrice Nov. 6, 1550. Idem Lincol- 

15 niensis admissus socius pro domina fundatrice Mar. 25, 
1553 ; incipit in artibus an. 1555-6 ; sub regina Maria non 
ejectus; S.T.P. an. 1569, et socius senior eodem anno*; 
procurator academise an. 1564, quo anno Aug. 4 Gul. Ce- 
cilio academise cancellario, prsecursore regina, adveniente 

20 Cantabrigiam et ad collegium suum (dilectum suum colle- 
gium seepius compellat) divertente, excepit eum procurator 
intra moenia collegii et conjugem eruditam Mildredam 
oratione^ diserta, personis apta et apposita occasioni. Pos- 
tero die adveniente regina, ei non defuit, discurrebat sedulo 

25 (dum moram traxit apud nos) eique officiose adstitit et 
gnaviter inserviit, ac in comitiis et exercitiis scholasticis 
habitis coram ea partes egit moderatoris, non sine plausu, 
quo (nisi fallor) viam munivit ad dignitatem ecclesiasticam, 
constitutus primo sacellanus reg., dein decanus Cicestrensis, 

30 ac postea episcopus ejusdem ecclesi^ an. 1570, consecratus 
in festo Trinitatis Cantuariaa ex veteri more atque jure a 
Matthoeo Archiepiscopo (cujus sacellanus fuerat) gratis 
sine debita et consueta remuneratione, testante Matthseo®: 

1 Parte of a Eegister [p. 19]. rum CaDtabrigise cum regina Eliza- 

2 An. 1561. betha illuc venerat, 1564, scriptoa a 

3 An. 1 5 70. Nic. Robinson postea episcopo Bang. 
* Regr. coll. et acad^ ® Antiq. Britan. in vita Matthsei. 
5 V. Commentarios rerum gesta- [p. 14. 1. 30.] 


habita nimirum ratlone ad condiclonem, quse opulenta non 
erat. Circa idem tempus sede Eboracensi vacante, fuerat 
i^^lter alios reginse nominatus, sed regina maluit Grin- 

Obiit (ut videtur) anno 1584^ exeunte, vel anno 1585 5 
ineunte, non sine gravi ecclesise incommodo, fuerat enim 
tam in academia ordinis assertor, quam in ecclesia disci- 
plinge ecclesiasticse strenuus vindex. 

Edidit opuscula sive conciones nonnullas quarum cata- 
logus exhibetur apud Mansellum, P. 38, 98. lo 

Transtulit e sermone Latino in Anglicum tractatum 
Hugonis de operibus trium dierum, atque alterum tracta- 
tum scripsit de corpore Cliristi naturali contra transubstan- 
tiationem prtefixo satis amplo testimonio tam eruditionis 
quam virtutis exhibito a clero diocesis Cicestrensis, utrum- 15 
que excusum an. 1577, 8vo. (penes me). 

Joan. Young ^ Londinensis," consecratus episcopus 
(nempe KofFensis) Mar. 16, 1577. Et liunc quoque Joan- 
nensem fuisse perhibent nonnuUi, sed errore, ni fallor. 
Fuit alter Joan. Young Eboracensis coll. Jo. socius ; iste 20 
vero Young Londinensis erat, socius aul^e Pembr. ; uterque 
successive custos ejusdem aulse, sed noster Young, quamvis 
mitra dignus et honori par, episcopus tamen nunquam erat. 
Pembrochianus iste socius erat episcopus, sed Joannensem 
fuisse nondum comperi. JSTeminem autem deleo e nostro 25 
catalogo, nisi certis indiciis convictus. 

Obiit Apr. 10, 1605. Epitaphium ejus habetur ad 
calcem Annalium Jacobi*, ubi dicitur Londini natus et 
Cantabrigije Uteris innutritus. Adscriptus erat in nume- 
rum sociorum aulse Pembr. an. 1533 a Eidleio episcopo 30 
Londinensi tunc ejusdem aulse prasfecto. 

EiCAEDUS HowLAND* natus in villa de Newport-ponds 
in agro Essex.; Londinensem mavult Ant. Wood, ibique 
natum an. 1540; credo subesse errorem, quamvis getas 
satis convenit, admissus enim est in album sive matriculam or; 
academic Mar. 18 an. 1557, tunc designatus alumnus col- 

1 Obiit Febr. 27, 1584. 3 p^ j^^ 

' An. 1577. 4 An, ,g8^_ 


legii Cliristi; admissus socius coUegii D. Petri in locum 
Mri. Geo. Ackworth (noti viri) Nov. 11, 1562'; prjBsenta- 
tus a coUegio ad rectoriam de Statherne vacantem per 
mortem naturalem Eadulplii Ajnsworth an. 1569, quam 
5 tenuit usque ad annum 32 reg. Eliz., quando locum dedit 
successori Rogero Eudd ; designatus magister coll. Magd. 
Cant. an. 1575; admissus pr«fectus coll. Jo. Jul. 20, 
1577 ; S.T.P. 1578, tunc academige procancellarius ; pro- 
vectus ad sedem Petroburg. an 1584, quam tenuit una cum 
TO prffifectura collegii fere per biennium usque ad an. 32 reg. 

Fuit sacellanus Gul. Cecil baronis Burgliley, cujus prse- 
cipue ope et favore evectus est ad sedem illam, olim satis 
opulentam, sed dum patrono nimis gratus esse velit, una 
15 cum Scamlero antecessore, fuit fundi hujus calamitas. Acri- 
ter eum perstringit Gul. Laud 6 fj.aKaplT7]<i in epistola 
(cujus apographum^ vidi) scripta comiti StrafFordige pro- 
regi Hiberni^, crimenque impactum diluere comes si potuit, 
certe non fecit. Obiit Jun. 23, 1600. De eo vero plura 
20 alibi retulimus. 


Hugo Bellot^ Wallus. Joannensem fuisse satis constat, 
non autem socium, uti R. Parkerus vult, neque ex funda- 
tione, uti Godwinus innuere videtur. NuUibi socius*, quan- 
tum ego colligere potui, quamvis enim alumnus quandoque 

35 fuerat tam collegii Christi quam collegii Regin., in neutro 
tamen socius occurrit. Admissus in matriculam academias 
an. 1561 ; artium bac. 1563-4 ; ineipit in artibus an. 1566-7 ; 
procurator academise 1570, 1 ; ineipit in tlieologia an. 1579. 
Erat (ni fallor) vel a sacris vel a scrip tisRicardo episcopo 

30 Eliensi/ubi mature occurrit an. 1569. Dominus episcopus 
contulit ei rectoriam de Tydd Sti. Egidii Mar. 22, 1571, 
quam resignat Aug. 9, 1579, tunc S. Th. D. Idem epi- 
scopus contulit ei ecclesiam parocliialem de Donyngton cum 
Marche Mar. 15, 1572 ^, vacantem per mortem naturalem 

^ Eegr. acad. ; regr. coll. Petr. ginal. forte nunquam. Invenio eum 

^ [Laud's Works, vi. 357, 374.] inter socio-commensales coUegii Jo. 

3 An. 1585. et forte non alio titulo noster an. 

4 Erat socius coll. Jes. admissus 1584. 

1567. Coll. Chr. alumnus prius,Ee- ^ Eegr. Elien. 


Chrlstoplieri Tye muslces doctoris ultimi incumbentis ibid. 
An. 1585 constituitur prsesul Bangorensis, consecratus Jan. 
25, 1585 ; vacante decanatu Bangor, an. 1588, assumpsit 
tenuitque decanatum istum in commendam (uti vulgo lo- 
quuntur) usque ad annum 1593, quando dimisit eum Hen- 5 
rico Rowland bac. th., postea episcopo Bangor. An. 1595 
translatus est ad sedem Cestriensem, ubi sequenti anno 
1596 e vivis excessit circa festum Pentecostes, sepultus in 
ecclesia de Wrexham juxta altar e. 

Qui proxime sequitur mallem nostrum non fuisse, mal- lo 
let ecclesia Sarisburiensis non fuisse suum. Is est Joannes 
CoLDWELL^ Cantianus, natus in villa de Feversham, admis- 
sus discipulus collegii Jo. pro domina fundatrice (tum de- 
signatus Cantianus) Nov. 6, 1551; idem admissus socius 
sub Maria regina an. 1558. Eegistrum deficit hoc anno 15 
et priori, admissio vero ejus occurrit inter archiva collegii ^ 
sub hac verborum formula Jo. ColdweU,A.B. natus in villa 
de Feversham com. Cantii, admissus socius ^ro domina fun' 
datrice Mar. an. 1558. Sed moram non traxit apud nos ; 
brevi post recessit (non religionis causa, ut opinor) atque 20 
ad Fevershamiam remigravit, fitque collegii villicus apud 
Ospring (quas fuerat nimium vicina Cremonse) eique elocan- 
tur (nescio quo jure) domus, hortus et prsedia olim canta- 
rige, postea scholee sustentandte destinata ; spoliaque eccle- 
sise aut literarum tunc degustavit tantum, postea plenius et 25 
avidius hausit. An. 15 reg. Eliz. Jo. Coldwell de Fevers- 
ham com. Cant, generosus et M.D. agit in negotiis collegii, 
quibus satis par erat. Quando ordinibus sacris initiatus 
fuerit non comperio', sed provectus est ad decanatum Rof- 
fensem anno 1585, installatus ibi Januar. 7, provectus ad 30 
episcopatum Sarisburiensem an. 1591* opera et auxilio 
Gualteri Raleigh, qui tulit laboris prsemium castrum de 
Sherborn una cum prsediis opulentis adjacentibus, notis 
postea in historia. Sed neutri successit, miles enim perdu- 

1 An. 1591. 4 Temporalia restituta sunt (ex- 

2 Archiva collegii. ceptis omnibus maneriis etc.) an. 34 
* Erat sacellanus Matthsei archi- Eliz. Jan. 14. V. Eymer Acta 

episcopi Cant, et rector de Aiding- publ. Tom. xvi. p. 153. Consecra- 
ton dioc. Cant. Jun. i an. 1572. tus 26 Dec. 1591. 


ellionis reus misere periit, prassul vero noster non multis 
interjectis annis (an. 1596 mense OctolDr.) miser obiit, ita 
paupertate et inopia oppressus, ut pene furtim elatus, sine 
pompa, sine strepitu sub nocte silente tumularetur prope 
5 Wy vellum et Jewellum. Indignus certe (qui jura ecclesiae 
su8e prodidit), cujus cadaver duos tantos pra3sules attinge- 
ret, qui jura ejusdem ecclesiee strenue prius asseruerant. 

Joannes Still^ Lincolniensis, electus socius collegii 
Christi Cant. an. 1560 ; professor pro domina Margareta 

lo an. 1570, cum annum setatis tricesimum vix attigerat; de- 
canus de Bocking Nov. 4, 1572; canonicus Westm. 1573; 
rector de Hadleigh com. Suff. et archidiaconus Sudbur. 
anno 1576; admissus prgefectus coll. Jo. Jul. 21, 1574; et 
Joanne Whitgift evecto ad episcopatum Wigorn. ac rece- 

15 dente a coUegio Trinitatis, constitutus est ibi magister auc- 
toritate regia an. 1577 mense Junio, a collegio .hoc elogio 

Religionis, doctrince, gravitatis, prudentim nomine con- 
spicuus ^romotus est ad guhernationem coll, D. Jo., uhi et in 

20 ^lacido et turhato cequore guhernatorem egit scitum et cor da- 
tum.... In collegium lioc assuin]}tus an. \^11, 'per annos plus 
minus sexdecim patremfamilias se ferehat jprovidum, ar^a- 
60V KovpoTp6(f>ov, nee collegio onerosum nee suis gravem / ex 
sollicitudine et frugalitate magis guam sumptu et austeritate 

2^prcefectum dignosceres. 

Provectus est inde ad episcopatum^ Bath, et Wellen. 
an. 1592, ubi obiit Feb. 26, 1607 ; epitaphio ornatus a 
Gr. Camdeno, excuse ad calcem Annalium regis Jacobi*. 
Duxit uxorem Annam flliam Thomse Alabaster de Had- 

30 leigh in agro SuiF., ex qua genuit duos filios et quatuor 
filias ; dein Janam flliam Joannis Horner de Clover in agro 
Somerset, militis, ex qua suscepit filium unum, Thomam^. 

GuLiELMUS MouaAN^ vel MoRGAYNE Wallus, natus 
apudGwibernant inparochiadePenmachno diocesis Bangor. 

1 An, 1592. consecratus die Dominico sequente. 

2 Regr. coll. Trlnit. 4 [gd. Smith, p. 105.] 

3 Temporalia restituta sunt Mart. 5 ]\^g_ j^ collegio arm. 
23 an. 1593. v. Rymer, Tom. xvr. 6 An. 1595. 

[p. 200], confirmatus Feb. 10, 1592, 


et com. Carnarvon, filius Joannis Morgan ex antiqua familia 
ibidem, notus in patriam animo paterno. Quo anno admis- 
sus fuerit in collegium non satis liquet, admissus vero fuit 
sizator ex fundatione doctoris Dowman pro Mro. Dakjns 
socio coll. Jun. 9 an. 1565^; admissus in album sive ma- 5 
.triculam acad. Joannensis et quadrantarius Febr. 26 an. 
1564; artium bac. an. 1567-8. Incipit in artibus (una 
cum Gul. Whitacre etc.) an. 1570-1 ^ designatus Joannen- 
sis in registro academiee. (Minutias sector, quia nostrum 
esse valde velim.) Theo. bac. an. 1578; preedicator emis- lo 
sus ab academia eodem anno ; incipit in theologia anno ; 
1583 ; provectus ad sedera Landavensem an. 1595, conse- 
cratus Julii 20 ; et post sexennium translatus ad episcopa- 
tum Asaph. Sept. 17, 1601 ; ubi cum per triennium sedis- 
set, ad vitam meliorem et feliciorem statum translatus est 15 
Sept. 10, 1604, non sine luctu suorum. : 

Convertebat vir optimus et pientissimus sacra Biblia in 
linguam Britannicam sive Wallicam (opus istud patroci- 
nante Joanne arcliiepiscopo Cantuariensi, atque ope et 
consilio promovente doctore Goodman decano Westm. et 20 
aliis) ediditque an. 1588, inscripta reginse, tulitque merce- . 
dem tanto labore non nimis dignam, prajsulatum Landa- 
vensem, dein Asapliensem. Novum quidem Testamentum 
versum erat et editum prius a E-icardo Menevensi episcopo 
(adjuvante Gul. Salisbury), sed et istud recognovit, a men- 25 
dis et erroribus repurgavit atque accuratius edidit Morga- 
nus. Plura scripsisse non comperi, nee pluribus opus erat, 
uno opere dedit omnia. 

RiCAEDUS Vaugh AN ^ Wallus, natus in ea regione, quam 
dim Canganum, hodie Lheynam vocant indigena3. Ma- 30 
trem habuit e Griffinorum stirpe, familia illustrissima ori- 
undam, patrem ab antiquissimo illo Vaughano Ordovicum 
principe ortum ducentem. Admissus in collegio D. Jo- 
annis an. 1569 sub Joanne Becon tutore, viro erudito et 
academias oratore ; admissus in album sive matriculam aca- 35 
demise Joannensis et quadrantarius Nov. 16, 1569; disci- 
pulus pro domiua fundatrice Nov. 6 an. 1573; artium bac. 


' Kegr. coll. Jo. ^ Regr. acad. 

3 An. 1593. V. Vitam MS. 


an. 1573-4, designatus Joannensis in registro; incipit in 

artibus 1576-7, designatus denuo Joannensis ; S.T.P. 1589. 

Post felices apud nos bonarum literarum et studiorum 

progressus venit in familiam Jo. Aylmer episcopi Lond., 

.5 ei vel affinitate vel sanguine conjunctus, donatus ab eodem 
canonicatu in ecclesia Paulina Nov. 18, 1583; fit deinde 
archidiaconus Middlesex, tenuitque sacerdotia nonnuUa in 
eadem diocesi : tarn bene provisus, ut episcopatum Bangor. 
non admodum desiderasset, nisi dulcedo natalis soli affectu 

10 nescio quo traxisset. Migravit istnc non multo opulentior 
an. 1595, sacratus Jan. 25; post biennimn Cestriam trans- 
latus, indeque Londinum an. 1604; ubi paulo pinguior, 
letliargicus discessit Mar. 30, 1607, magno sui desiderio 
apud Londiiienses relicto. 

15 Conjugatus erat ac liberos reliquit, tres filios et. filias 
sex. Patronos habuit et fortunce fautores, preeter episco- 
pum Londinensem, Jo. Puckering et Tho. Egerton succes- 
sive magni sigilli custodes. Joannes Williams, postea epi- 
scopns Line, virtutum ejus admirator major, quam prseco 

20 melior, vitam ejus (quam pras manibus habeo) conscripsit, 
sed ita floribus conspersam, ut frugi aliquid vix invenias ; 
daturus utique exemplum proprias vitffi scriptori, qui per 
omnia sequax a prsestituto scopo non aberravit. 

Joannes Jegon^ Essexiensis, natus apud Cogeshall 
25 obscuris parentibus Dec. 10, 1550. Et hie quoque inter 
nostros recensetur, quod mihi baud corapertum est. Pro 
fundatrice nullibi occurrit, nee pro privato aliquo fundatore. 
Admissus est in album sive matriculam^ acaderaise, desig- 
natus Eeginalis ac quadrantarius, Oct. 25, 1567 ; art. bac. 
30 an. 1571-2, designatus denuo Reginalis, ubi fuerat antea 
bibliotista; admissus socius coll. Regin. an. 1572, designa- 
tus ibi Essexiensis''; electus in custodem coll. Corp. Chr. 
Jul, 23, admissus Aug. 10 an. 1590, Eliz. 32do. Provectus 
ad episcopatum Norvic. an. 1602, resignavit officium custo- 
35 dis Januario exeunte eodem anno, in favorem (uti videri 
voluit) Benj. Carier socii collegii a cancellario Bob. Cecill 
et arcliiepiscopo Cant. Jo. Whitgift designati ad istud o5- 

1 An. 1602. * Regr. acad, ^ ]y[g_ Tenison. 


ficium^, sed utrum bona fide nescio. Nam Tho. Jegon ■ 
S.T.P. episcopi frater electus est, consensu non admodum 
unanimi sociorum, protestantibus Ben. Carier ac aliis et 
archiepiscopo indignante. Longa lis erat (arcliiepiscopo 
obtendente preerogativam regiam, et alium atque alium no- 5 
minante), tandem sopita, et Tho. Jegon confirmatus erat 

Obiit prgesul iste Jo. Jegon Mar. 13 anno 1617, tumu- 
latus Ayleshamias in agro Norfolciensi, cum epitaphio bene 
longo, unde plura de eo peti possint. i° 

GULIELMUS Barlow^, quamvisin registro non occurrat 
neque pro fundatrice neque pro privato ullo fundatore, Jo- 
annensem tamen fuisse mihi satis compertum est ex archi- 
vis coUegii, literisque scriptis a E-icardo Neale successore 
ejus in sede Lincolniensi, ubi Joannensem fuisse aperte tes- 15 
tatur. Certior testis de se ipse Barlous, qui in ultimo suo 
testamento' se indignum membrum collegii Joannis fuisse 
commemorat, eo dignior, quod de meritis suis modeste sen- 
tiret. Art. bac. an. 1583-4, designatus Joannensis in re- 
gistro academise*; incipit in artibus an. 1586-7, designatus 20 
denuo Joannensis ; incipit in theologia an. 1599, tunc sa- 
cellanus Joannis archiepiscopi Cant.; rector Sti. Dunstani 
orientalis Lond. ex collatione ejusdem arcbiepiscopi Maii 
26 anno 1597; canonicus Westm. an. 1601, canonicus ec- 
clesiae Paulina Lond. eodem anno; decanus Cestr. an. 25 
1603; episcopus Eoffensis an. 1605, consecratus Jun. 30; 
translatus inde ad sedem Lincoln. Jun. 27, 1608; sublatus 
e vivis morte quidem pene repentina, sed non improvisa 
Sept. 7 an. 1613. 

Reliquit duas filias Aliciam et Janam, eisque in dotem 00 
libras bis mille testamento legavit, sub condicione tamen, 
quod si innuptae obirent, dos ilia et pecunia collegio cederet 
sustentandis sociis sub nomine et titulo sodalitiorum Lon- 
dinensium ex fuudatione Barloi episcopi. Sed filias istge 
Alicia et Jana non abhorruerunt a matrimonio, nobisque 35 
vice sociorum forte reliquerunt liberos. Utcunque hoc sit, 
-constat certe nihil inde nobis accrevisse; quamvis enim tes- 

1 Ex chartophylacio regio. ^ j^ (;^,j,-g^ prserog. 

. 8 An. 1605. * Rejr. acad. 


tamento suo vasa qiioque argentea legavit collegio, ista ta- 
men quoque sub condicione incerta. Collegio sive aulas 
S. Trinitatis (ubi socius^ fuerat) libros nonnullos et vasa 
argentea legavit, nulla ■ interposita condicione, quas proinde 
5 ad istud collegium derivata fuisse censenda sunt. Ex isto 
testament©^ colligo eum Londinensem fuisse, natum tamen 
ex familia antiqua in agro Lancastriensi. 

Scripsit libros nonnullos, Anglice plerosque, quorum 
tituli exhibentur in catalogo Bodleiano. Yitam Ricardi 
10 Cosini latine conscripsit, sed nimis eleganter. Yidetur inde 
patere eum fuisse aliquando membrum coll. Trin. sub tutore 
Cosino, saltern in ejus familia aut sub ejus cura et tutela 
quandoque vixisse. 

RiCARDUS Neile^ natus Westmonasterii an, 1562, Uteris 

15 institutus ibidem sub Mro. Grant, Cantabrigiam missus a 
domina Mildreda Burglilej circa annum 1580, admissus est 
discipulus pro doctore Goodman decano Westm. eodem 
anno sub hac verborum formula. Ego Ricardus Nealus 
Westmonasteriensis admissus sum discipulus jgro domino 

20 doctore Goodman decano Westm. an. 1580 April, xxil., 
nominatus ab eodem decano Apr. 16, 1580, litera collegio 
scripta inter arcliiva coUegii ; admissus in matriculam aca- 
demise^ Mali 18 eodem anno; art. bac. an. 1583-4; incipit 
in artibus an. 1586-7. Recessit a collegio aliquanto matu- 

25 rius, nam anno 1585 Dr. Goodman novum discipulum nomi- 
nat in locum Ricardi Neale. In chartis nostris Neale sem- 
per scriptum invenio ; quando nomen mutavit, non inveni. 
Recedens a nobis, non multo post venit in famulitium 
Gul. Cecill domini Burghley^, fitque ei ac postea filio ejus 

30 Roberto comiti Sarisburiensi sacellanus domesticus, quo- 
rum ope aut patrocinio provectus est ad sacerdotia de Chest- 
hunt et Tuddington atque ad preefecturam hospitii Sabau- 
diani. An. 1600 incepit in theologia ac respondit in pub- 
licis comitiis. An. 1605 constituitur decanus Westm,, in- 

35 stallatus ibi die memorabili quinto Novembris an. 1605, uti 
sua manu scriptum reliquit, fuitque scholse Westm. tarn 

* Admissus socius aulse Tiinit, ^ An. 1608. 

Oct. 16 an. 1590. Eegr. ibid. ^ Eegr. acad. 

2 Probat. Oct. 13 anno 1613. ^ Djarium MS. 



ope quam auxilio egregius patronus, ubi olim fuerat alum- 
nus. An. 1608, Oct. 9, consecratus erat episcopus Koffen- 
sis, tenuitque decanatum Westm. jure commendaticio ; an. 
1610, Dec. 6, confirmatus episcopus Gov. et Licli. (sequor 
ipsius calculum). An. 1612, cum corpus Marise Scotorum 5 
reginse transferendum esset a Petroburgo ad Westmonaste- 
rium, quo decenter et justa sollemnitate transigerentur om- 
nia, ejus opera usus est rex. An. 1613-4^ Feb. 18 confir- 
matus est episcopus Lincoln., postea Dunelmensis, Winto- 
niensis dein, ac tandem an. 1631 arcliiepiscopus Eboracen- lo 
sis; ubi an. 1640 furentibus Scotis et comitiis Anglicanis 
instantibus, quee ei infausta omnia ominabantur, in vigilia 
Omnium Sanctorum, pridie aut paucis saltem diebus ante- 
quam convenirent, tempestiva morte decessit, tumulatus 
sub piano marmore in ecclesia sua catbedrali, non Westmo- 15 
nasterii, ut perliibent nonnulli. 

Erat regibus Jacobo et Carolo a sacris, a conclavi, a 
consiliis, earns utrique non magis quod sana consilia daret, 
quam quod sancitis obediret, fide et obsequio notus utrique, 
disciplinse assertor in ecclesia et ordinis in republica, invi- 20 
sus proinde iis qui utrumque turbarent, gravibus ab iis 
calumniis oneratus, fama Isesus, habitus tantum non papista. 

Contra istos liomunciones scripsit defensionem sui, quam 
MS. reliquit. Eeliquit etiam MS. orationem habitam in 
causa divortii (sive nullitatis) comitis et comitissse Essex., 25 
atque alia nonnulla. 

Edidit Spalatos Shif tings in Meligion Anglice, 1624, 
4to, et eundem fere librum Latine sub hoc titulo, Alter 
Ecebolius M. Ant. de Dominis Archiepiscopi Spalat. plurihus 
dominis inservire doctus, 1624. Reliquit diarium^ quod- 30 
dam propria manu conscriptum, unde desumpta sunt fere 
omnia quge de eo narrantur. Plura inde peti possint, si 
per instituti rationem liceret. 

Joannes Overall', natus in villa de Hadleigh com. 
Suffolc. an. 1559*, admissus fuit in album sive matriculam 35 
academise^, designatus Joannensis, Jun. 15 an. 1575, ad- 

1 [15 rf MS. by mistake.] ^ Joan. Overall filiug Georgii 

^ In custodia Carol! Neile nepotis baptizatug erat apud Hadleigh Mar. 

sui. a, 1559^ 

* An. 161.^. • ^ Regr. acad. 


missus in collegio Divi Joannis eodem anno, missus hue 
(ut videtur) a Joanne Still rectore de Hadleigh coUegii pras- 
fecto, vixitque forte in ejus familia prope sacellum ; nomen 
enim adliuc^ legitur plumbo inscriptum in tectis capellse 
5 sub hac verborum formula ' John Overall 1577, cetatis 18.' 
Eodem anno 1577 Joanne Still provecto ad prsefecturam 
collegii Trinitatis, una cum eo migravit istuc, annoque 
1578-9 Jo. Overall designatur in registro artium bac. col- 
legii Trinitatis; an. 1581-2 incipit in artibus; admissus 

lo socius minor collegii Trinitatis Oct. 2, 1581, socius major 
Mar. 30, 1582; substitutus orator 1583; theol. bac. an. 
1591. An. 1595, Dec. 4, extincto clarissimo illo academies 
lumine Gul. Wliitaker professore regio, electus est dignis- 
simus successor eodem anno exeunte. An. 1596 incipit in 

15 tlieologia, quam profitebatur prius. An. 1598 admissus 
est prsefectus aulas Catharinse in festo pasch^e, ita perhi- 
bente registro^. 

Hactenus de gradibus et honoribus in academia. In ec- 
clesia tenuit vicariam de Epping com. Essex, et opulenta 

20 sacerdotia de Tharfield et Clothall com. Hertford ; canoni- 
cus ecclesige Paulinas Lond. ; decanus ibidem Mail 29, 1602; 
prolocutor in convocatione an. 1603 etc., ac tandem episco- 
pus Gov. et Lich., consecratus Apr. 3, 1614; translatus 
inde ad sedem Norvic. an. 1618, ubi obiit Mali 12, 1619. 

25 An. 1669 Jo. Cosin tunc episcopus Dunelmensis, olim se- 
cretarius ejus domesticus, monumentum ei posuit cum brevi 
encomio, viri omni encomio majoris. Erat certe vir unde- 
quaque magnus, ingenio vivido, memoria tenaci, judicio 
solido, mira inventione, nee facundia minori; quascunque 

30 animo versasset, nemo expediebat felicius aut exprimebat 
promptius. Scliolis innutritus, eas optime et soUertissime 
moderabatur ; protractus inde in lucem et in medias res, 
(quod rarum est) non minus perite moderabatur ecclesiam. 
Mirum erat scbolastico ingenio natum etiam ad ritus et 

35 minutias descendere potuisse. Nemo rituum ecclesige erat 
eo peritior aut disciplinge servantior : quocumque se com- 
parabat, eo inelinatum et natum putares. Juvenis admo- 
dum venit in amicitiam Petri Baronis, indeque didicit de 

^ An. 1 7 10; deletum forte posthac, cran resavcirentur tecta capellse. 
^ Regr. aulse Cath. 



decretis divinls modeste sentire et caute loqui : mediam 
iuiit viam, progressurus forte ulterius, nisi Baronis vestigia 
deterruissent. Quod si controversiam istam non plene 
dilucidavit aut penitus exhausit, (quis enim sufficit istis ?) 
viara certe stravit posteris. 5 

Sententia ejus de prtedestinatione etc. brevis quidem ilia, 
sed dilucida et explicata, excusa extat an. 1651, una cum 
articulis Lambethanis. 

An. 1690^ Gul. Sancroft arcliiepiscopus Cant, edidit 
prEeclarum librum^ de regimine ecclesise et reipublica^ sive lo 
regni, exaratum a Joanne Overall prolocutore in convoca- 
tione an. 1606, et ab utraque domo approbatum, rege vero 
assensum suum cohibente (aut non adhibente) non ante 

Huic quoque debemus (seternumque debebunt omnes 15 
chronologi) PtolomEei canonem Grsecum, a Sculteto ad Se- 
thum Calvisium transmissum ab eoque publici juris factum ; 
uterque vero Overallura bujus thesauri possessorem magnis 
ac meritis laudibus cumularunt^. 

Thomas Moeton*, natus Eboraci bonestis parentibus 20 
Mar. 20 an. 1564, Uteris institutus ibidem et Halifaxige per 
decennium aut eo amplius, missus inde Cantabrigiam, ad- 
missus in collegio D. Jo. sub Ant. Higgin tutore postea 
decano E-ippon. an. 1582; admissus discipulus pro magistro 
Constable an. 1584; socius pro doctore Keyton Mar. 17, 25 
1592 ; postea rector Marstoniensis, Alesfordiensis et Stop- 
fordiensis, ' ac Eboracensis canonicus ; decanus Glocestr. 
prius, dein Winton., tandem episcopus Cestriensis, conse- 
cratus Jul. 7 an. 1616, translatus inde ad episcopatum 
Gov. et Lich. an.. 1618, ac a sede Lichfeld. ad Dunelm. 30 
an. 1632 ; ubi sedit cum honore usque ad annum 1641, 
quando flagrante rebellione, eversaque ac profligata tam 
monarchia quam ecclesia, exutus omnibus, secessit ad 
Easton Mauduit, domum amici sui integerrimi domini 
Henrici Yelverton, ubi post varios pro rege exhaustos 35 
labores et pro ecclesia elucubrata volumina satur dierum 

^ [MS. 1590, by mistake.] p. lor, 102. 

2 Convocation Booke. * An. 16 16. 

3 S. Calvisii Isagog. Chronolog. 


ac C£elo maturus tandem placlde in Domino olbdormivit 
an. 1659 in crastino S. Matthsei, sepultus ibi festo Sti. 

Joan. Barwick, sacellamis ejus ac ejusdem collegii 
5 quandoque socius (et ipse quoque designatus episcopus 
Sodorensis, sed decanatum Dunelm. prudens maluit) vitam 
ejus conscripsit, unde plura petenda sunt. Extat ibi cata- 
logus omnium librorum, tam excusorum quam ineditorum, 
ampins quidem et satis accuratus. Catalogus librorum 
lo quos dedit collegio, et iste quidem adhuc multo amplior, 
peti potest e bibliotheca collegii. 

Jo. Williams \ filius Edmundi W. armigeri, natus 
apud Aberconway in Wallia septentrionali Martii 25, 1582, 
Uteris institutus in scbola publica de Eeuthen, admissus 

15 est in collegio Jo. Cant, sub Oeno Gwin tutore (postea 
ope et auxilio ejus collegii pr^fecto) an. 1598 ; admissus 
socius (designatus Bangoriensis) Apr. 14, 1603 ; procu- 
rator acad. an. 1611-12 ; sacellanus primo Tho. Eger- 
ton cancellarii Angliee, dein regis Jacobi primi, quorum 

20 gratia et beneficio tot sacerdotia et dignitates tenuit in 
ecclesia, quot vel enumerare longum esset. Rector erat 
cum cura et sine cura; canonicus Lincoln., Hereford., Pe- 
troburg. et Meneven. ; decanus Sarisb., postea Westm. ; 
tandem episcopus Lincoln, an. 1621, tenuitque simul jure 

25 commendaticio decanatum istum etrectoriam de Wal grave. 
Post varias fortunas vices tandem archiepiscopus Eboracen- 
sis ; sed istud tantum degustavit imperium : extincto enim 
vel cadente una cum imperio sacerdotio, recessit in Wal- 
liam, ubi quam bene vel quam male se gessit dicant alii, 

30 in re enim tam incerta et ancipiti ego nihil statuo. 

De hoc preesule qui plura desiderat, adeat vitam ejus 
conscriptam a Joanne Hacket, ei quandoque a sacris, ubi 
plura fortasse inveniet, quam velit. Obiit Mar. 25, 16|f. 
Epitaphium scripsit idem Joannes Hacket, postea episco- 

35 pus Lich., praesul sane dignissimus, historicus non optimus. 

ValentinusCaeey'^ ex nobili familia de Carey baronum 
de Hunsdon oriundas, natus fuit Barvici in confiniis Sco- 

^ An. 1621, 2 j^^ 1621, 


tlse*, admlssus in album sive matriculam academiss, tunc 
quadrantarius tantum collegii Christi, Dec. 11, 1585 ; art. 
bac. ex eodera collegio an. 1588-9; admissus socius col- 
legii Jo. pro fundatrice (designatus Northumbriensis) 
Mar. 26 an. 1591, socius dein collegii Christi an. 1595, et 5 
socius denuo perpetuus collegii Jo. Mar. 14, 1599 pro doc- 
tore Fell ; B. theol. an. 1599, S. Th. P. an. 1610. Ad- 
missus prsefectus'^ coll. Christi an. 1609 juxta verum cal- 
culum, non anno 1610 juxta calculum vulgarem. Nam 
decessor ejus Mr. Edm. Barwell obiit anno 1609, mense lo 
Octobri ineunte, et eodem mense successorem invenio ma- 
gistrum Carey. 

Aulicus erat, iisque artibus preefecturam invasit, de spe 
sua detruso Mro. Pemberton, cui potior pars sociorum fave- 
bat. An. 1612 idem ille qui a nobis bis migraverat ad i5 
collegium Christi, ad nos denuo redire cupiebat, magistratu 
tunc vacante; et forte successisset, nisi ars arti opposita 
fuisset, et senior pars sociorum preevaluisset saniori. Cal- 
vino et novatoribus neutiquam favebat, et proinde neutri 
collegio admodum gratus, provinciam tamen strenue admi- 20 
nistrabat, ac collegium Christi mutavit in melius, etiam 
invitis sociis ac reluctantibus. 

Sacerdotia interim tenuit non pauca, sed non admodum 
opulenta. Erat rector Tilburiensis occidentalis an. 1603; 
rector de Parndon magna in agro Essex, an. 1606 ; vica- 25 
rius de Epping 1607; rector de Orsett com. Essex, et de 
Toft com. Cant. an. 1610 ; canonicus Lincoln, et Londin., 
archidiaconus Salop., et decanus Londinensis electus Apr. 8, 
1614; ac tandem episcopus Exon., consecratus Nov. 18, 
1621, evehendus altius nisi mors intervenisset. Obiit 30 
Londini Jun. 10, 1626, tumulatus in ecclesia Paulina cum 
brevi epitaphio. Monumentum postea ei positum erat 
Exonise-in ecclesia sua cathedrali. Libros nonnullos con- 
scripsit, quos ego novi, agendo quam scribendo paratior: 
dedit collegio volumina juridica ad valorem quinquaginta 35 
minarum, inter benefactores recensendus. 

1 Parker, SnTeX. Cantabr. nam Mr Pemberton (socius collegii) 

^ Successit hie artibus et auxilio videtur fuisse rite electus. MS. D. 

archiepiscopi Cant, ac favore regie, Ward coll Sid. 

sine satis certo sociorum consensu; 


RiCAEDUS Benhouse\ natus ex honesta familia in agio 
Cumbr., filius Ricardi Senhouse de Alnborough hall in 
eodem com., admissus erat socius collegii Jo. (designatus 
Cumbriensis) Apr. 7 an. 1.598; bac. theol. an. 1606^; vica- 
5 rius de Bumsted in agro Essex, eodem vel sequente anno ; 
electus concionator (dominabatur in concionibus) anno 1608 ; 
rector de Cheam in agro Surriensi ; decanus Glocestr. an. 
1621; S. Th. P. an. 1622; episcopus Carleolensis anno 

lo Sacellanus erat Caroli principis Walliaa, cujus ope prae- 
cipue ascendebat ad gradmn istum in ecclesia, alias non 
multo qugesitum, certe nullo ambitu prensatum. Dignitates 
enim in ecclesia ambivit nunquam, oblatas admisit aut non 
rejecit, contemptor mundi ac divitiarum. Sorte sua con- 

15 tentus vixit intra collegii moenia conclusus, neque exire 
inde sollicitus videbatur (ubi satis genialiter vixisse fertur) , 
nisi accersitus ab aliis et invitatus. Obiit anno 1626 non 
admodum (ut videtur) opulentus ; collegio reliquit famam 
nominis et eruditionis ; quod qui fecerit, nee collegio inutilis 

20 nee ingratus censendus est. 

Concionem habuit in inauguratione regis Caroli satis 
floridam, tbernate tamen rei quam tractabat non satis ap- 
posito, nee omnibus probatam. 

RoBEETUS Dawson^ natus Kendgilse in agro West- 
25 morland.. Uteris grammaticis institutus in schola vicina de 
Sedbergh ; admissus est socius coll. Jo. pro doctore Lupton 
Apr. 6 an. 1609*; bach, theol. an. 1620; non diu moram 
traxit apud nos, admissus in familiam Henrici vicecomitis 
Falkland Hiberniae proregis, factus illius sacellanus, eique 
30 (ni fallor) debemus quod Lucius Gary filius primogenitus 
vicecomitis Falkland admissus est in collegium an. 1621 
(una cum fratre suo Lorenso Gary) in honorem collegii. 

Ope patroni sui factus est decanus Dunensis in Hiber- 

nia ; provectus inde ad episcopatum Clonfertensem et Dua- 

35 censem^, consecratus Maii4 an. 1627, seditque ibi usque ad 

annum 1640, quando flagrante rebellione, vastata Hibernia 

1 An. 1624. 4 Regr. coll. 

^ Regr. coll. et acad. 5 Warseus de prsesul. Hibern. 

3 An. 1627. 


csedeque ac sanguine cmentata, eripuit sese flammis, fu- 
gitque in Angliam, atque ad natale solum et oppidura sese 
contulit, non diu superstes; hoc saltern felix, quod obiit 
ubi natus fuerat Kendalse an. 1643, sepultus in ecclesia 
parochiali cum hoc epitaphio, quod (breve cum sit) ad- 5 
ponere non gravabor : 

Hie jacet reverendus in Christo pater Robertus Dawson 
episcopus Clonfertensis et Duacensis Hihernicus, qui obiit die 
decima tertia Aprilis 1643. 

Vixit moribus antiquis et prasule dignis, opera ejus lo 
sequuntur eum, impendit enim grandem pecuniam in asdibus 
sais episcopalibus restituendis, quas egregie reiecit vel 
potius de novo construxit; quamvis conjugatus esset, li- 
berosque reliquit non bene (ut videtur) provisos, nam de 
iis quserendo nihil inveni, extincta fortean familia diutur 
niori fato dima. 


David Dolben^ Wallus, natus apud Gegroet vel Se- 
groet (utroque modo scriptum inveni) in agro Denbiensi, 
filius Roberti Winn Dolben in eodem com., admissus erat 
in coll. Jo. circa an. 1602, admissus in album sive ma- 20 
triculam academige (designatus Joannensis) eodem anno, 
Jun. 30; admissus discipulus pro doctore Gwinne (desig- 
natus Denbighiensis) Nov. 7, 1603 ; adhuc apud nos anno 
1606, quando scripsit carmina in obitum Ed. LcAvknor 
militis olim coll. socii ; A.M. an. 1609^; admissus ad 25 
vicariam de Hackney in agro Middlesex. Jan. 18, 1618 ; 
S. Th. P. an. 1627 ; provectus ad episcopatum Bangor, 
anno 1632 exeunte aut ineunte anno 1633. Obiit an. 1633 
Nov. 27 ; tumulatus in ecclesia sua de Hackney, cum 
effigie et insignibus suis atque cum hac inscriptione 30 

P. M. S. 

Hie jacet justorum resurrectionem expectans rev. in 
Christo pater David Doulhen 88. theol. D. episcopus Ban- 
gorensis, Oegrotti in agro Denbiensi natus, penatibus non 
obscuris. Qui cum in pastorali hvjus ecclesicB cura tria 35 
annorum lustra transegisset, episcopus Bangorensis factus 
est, unde in beatorum numerum adscitus est 27 die Novem- 
bris anno Domini 1633, cetatis suce 53. 

1 An. 1632. 2 'RegT. coll. et acad. 


Dedlt parochianis suis de Hackney lib. 30 resarciendis 

miiniendisque aggeribus et viis quas ducunt ad Londinum ; 

atque collegio suo coemendis libris viginti minas, quibus 

conquisita erant volumina Hebraica plus minus triginta, 

5 non sine donantis encomio. 

Feanciscus Dee^ Londini natus, filius Davidis Dee 
Salopiensis ex antiqua et nobili familia in Wallia oriundi. 
rectoris Sti. Bartliolomaei M. et canonici Paulini, admissus 
fuit in coll. Jo. circa annum 1595, admissus discipulus 

10 pro magistro Billingsley an. 1596, designatus Londinensis; 
A.M. an. 1603; bac. theol. 1610; S.T.P. an. 1617'. 

Gradibus ascendebat ad culmen episcopale, primo rector 
S. Trinitatis Lond. an. 1606 ; dein Omnium Sanctorum 
Lombard street an. 1615; postea cancellarius in ecclesia 

15 cath. Sarisbur. 1618; et decanus Cicestren. an. 1630; 
tandem episcopus Petroburg. an. 1634, consecratus Mail 
18 ; obiit Octobr. 8 an. 1638, tumulatus in ecclesia sua 

Dedit collegio post mortem uxoris suse Eliz., quee postea 

20 nupsit Orme', rectoriam de Pagham in com. Sussex, sus- 
tentandis duobus sociis et totidem discipulis, quibus cum 
non suffecerit, alit nunc unum socium et duos discipulos. 
Testamento* suo legavit eidem collegio tales omnes libros 
Hebraicos, Grtecos, Latinos etc. quales bibliothecse adhuc 

25 deessent, et sacello singula ornamenta privatee suse capellse, 
non modici valoris ; quae omnia a vidua sua grati acce- 
pimus et accepta agnovimus Decem. 15, 1638. 

Plactenus de operibus ; de viro ipso non opus est ut 
boni aliquid dicam, de quo nemo (quod scio) mali aliquid 

30 dixerit. 

Legavit ecclesias Petroburg. centum libras reficiendse 
ecclesise cathedrali. Reliquit filiam unicam nuptam Guli- 
elmo Greenhill S.T.P., filio suo Briano Dee canonico Ci- 
cestrensi prius defuncto. 

35 Eic. HoLDSWORTH grassante rebeDione nominatus epi- 

■^ An. 1634. ^'* Joannis Winter canonici Can- 

^ Regr. coll. et acad. tuar. 

3 Elizabetha uxor superstes erat * Dat. Maii 28 an. 1638. 


Scopus Bristol., sed ruente episcopatu noluit episcopari; 
designatus etiam erat decanus Wigornensis. Natus is erat 
Novicastri ad Tjnam an. 1590, admissus in coll. Jo. circa 
annum 1606-7 ; admissus in matriculam acad. designatus 
Joannensis Jul. 9, 1607 ; admissus discipulus pro magistro 5 
Ashton (designatus Northumbr.) Nov. 2, 1607; socius pro 
domina fundatrice Mar. 26, 1613 \ Electus magister ejus- 
dem collegii an. 1633 ; isto tamen honore injuria quorun- 
dam excidit. Electus magister collegii Emman. Apr. 25, 
1637; S.T.P. eodem anno; procan. an. 1640 etc. ; professor lo 
pro domina Margareta an. 1643, quo munere et officio 
fruebatur usque ad obitum, at non item stipendio et emo- 

Erat etiam theologi^ in collegio Greshamiensi lector 
sive professor, et rector ecclesise Sti. Petri Le Poor in civi- 15 
tate Londinensi. Ejectus inde et exutus omnibus, post- 
quam multa pro rege et ecclesia fecisset tulissetque, e vivis 
excessit Aug. 22, 1649 ; sepultus in ecclesia Sti. Petri. 
Ric. Pearson S. T. D. vitam ejus conscripsit, excusam 
an. 1661, prsefixam lectionibus habitis ab eo in collegio 20 
Greshamiensi, excusis eodem anno, unde plura petenda 

Joannes Gauden^ Essexiensis, filius Joannis Gauden 
Dorcestriensis socii coll. Jo., dein vicarii de Mayland in 
agro Essex., Uteris institutus Burgi Sti. Edmundi, admis- 25 
BUS erat in collegio Jo. circa annum 1618-9; Artium 
Bac. an. 1622-3, A.M. an. 1625-6^, utrobique designa- 
tus Joannensis. Non multo post venit in familiam (for- 
tean et affinitatem) domini Gulielmi Russell de Chippen- 
ham, cujus duobus filiis Francisco et Gulielmo ejus curse 30 
ac fidei traditis Oxoniura commigravit, inque collegio 
Wadhamensi tutoris munere fungebatur, fitque S.T.B., 
dein S.T.P. in ista academia; anno 1640 Mar. 11 (tunc 
S.T.P.) admissus est vicarius de Chippenham dioc. Norvic. 
ad prsesentationem Francisci Russell militis*; anno 1642 35 
Apr. 1, interveniente comite Warvicensi (cujus sacel- 
lanus tunc erat) admissus est decanus de Bocking com. 

^ Regr. coll. et acad. ^ Regr. acad. 

2 An. 1660. ^ Rsi;r. Norvic. 


Essex., atque rector ibidem a Gulielmo archiepiscopo Cant, 
non nolente, nee admodam volente, utpote non plane libero 
et in arce Londinensi concluso, 

Quas partes egit ab eo anno usque ad annum 1660 ; 
5 num Sollemnis Foederis reus fuerit an immunis ? presby- 
teris an episcopis asquior? dicant alii, baud facile est ali- 
quid certi statuere de homine versuto et mutabilis ingenii ; 
coustantiam certe nemo laudabit. Utcunque fuerit, con- 
stat sane designatum fuisse ad sedem Exoniensem, et con- 

lo secratum an. 1660 in primo Dominico Adventus, una cum 
Joanne Dunelmensi, Gul. Menevensi, Benjamino Petro- 
burgensi, Hugone Landavensi, Ricardo Carleolensi ac 
Briano Cestrensi episcopis, concionante Gulielmo Bancroft 
Joannis Dunelmensis episcopi tunc sacellano, postea archi- 

15 episcopo Cantuariensi. Anno 1662 translatus est inde ad 
sedem Wigorn., ubi obiit^ 20 die Sept. eodem anno, setatis 
sua3 57. 

Erat concionator Celebris pro more et genio istius sse- 
culi ; edidit plures condones, funebrem unam in dominum 

20 Rich heredem comitis Warvicensis, alteram in Bad. Brown- 
rig episcopum Exoniensem, habitam Decembr. 17 an. 1659, 
cui successit apud Templum Londin. Edidit quoque libros 
non paucos, eo saltem utiles, quod luculenter ostendunt 
eum elKovof; ^a(Tc\iKrj<i non fuisse auctorem. Et tamen 

25 ventosus homo videri voluit, quamvis vero auctori nee 
similis nee secundus, laudisque ac famse aliense cupidus, 
perdidit suam. 

Conjugatus erat, uxorem duxit^ Elizabetham, viduam 
Edvardi Leuknor armigeri ejus nominis (in com. SufFolc.) 

30 ultimi. Filius ejus natu maximus Leuknor Gauden fit 
artium magister Cantabrigise inter nobiles an. 1663-4. 

Edvaedus Wolley^ Salopiensis, Uteris institutus in 

schola regia Salopiensi ; natus videtur ex familia non ob- 

scura, saltem condicione satis opulenta, nam ubi Canta- 

35 briglam sese contulit et ad collegium Joannense, vixit ibi 

propriis expensis, neque emolumenta aliqua percepit a col- 

1 Epitaph, apud Antiq. Oxon. L. n. p. 328. 
2 An. 1641. Eegr. Chiph. » An. 1665. 


leglo, sive pro fimdatrice, sive pro privato aliquo fundatore, 
Admissus^ est in album sive matriculam academige pensio- 
narius ac Joannensis Apr. 13, 1622. 

Post completum cursum in philosophia et susceptos 
gradus in artibus recessit a nobis, nee raultis postliac inter- 5 
jeetis annis flagrante rebellione, regiis partibus adheerens 
contulit se Oxonium, ubi a rege commendatus fit doctor 
theologise an. 1642, admitteudus posthac ad eundem 
gradum Cantabrigise ; nee immerito sane, multa enim fecit 
tulitque pro rege, pro ecclesia, pro libertate et legibus, 10 
patriamque oppressam tarn lingua quam calamo, nescio 
etiam an gladio, strenue defendit. 

Kedeunte pace ac restaurata ecclesia, promotus est a 
rege ad rectoriam de Toppesfield in agro Essex, an. 1660; 
translatus inde ad episcopatum Clonfertensem et Duacen- 15 
sem in Hibernia^, consecratus Tuamge Apr. 16 an. 1665. 

KOBERTUSMOEGAN^ (filius natu tertius Eicardi Morgan 
in comitiis Britannicis burgensis) natus erat an. 1608 apud 
Bronfraith in parochia de Llandyssil in agro Montgom. 
Post prima literarum rudimenta domi bene posita Canta- 20 
brigiam missus est, admissus in collegium Jesu circa annum 
1624, et in matriculam academise^ Jul. 8 eodem anno. 
Post susceptos gradus in artibus factus est sacellanus Da- 
vidis Dolben episcopi Bangor. ; ab eoque promotus primo 
ad vicariam de Llanwnoe in com. Montgom. an. 1632, dein 25 
ad rectoriam Llangynhafal. Defuncto vero episcopo, an. 
1633 Cantabrigiam rediit, memorque amicitise cum doc- 
tore Beal contractse, collegii Jesu prius, tunc vero collegii 
S. Jo. prajfecto, contulit se ad hoc collegium atque ad 
veterem amicum, admissus ibi bach, theologiee anno 1638. 30 

Fuit postea sacellanus Gul. Roberts episcopi Bangor., 
auctus ab eo sacerdotio uno vel altero non admodum opu- 
lento. Anno 1642, Nov. 19, institutus erat ad rectoriam 
de Llanddyfnan® tunc valentem 38 lib. per annum, elocatis 
decimis a decessore aliquo familige de Bulklej pro termino 35 
99 annorum, quale onus, grave quidem, redemit soluto 

1 Regr. acad. * Eegr. acad. 

2 Warseus. ® MSS. rev. pr^sulis Wh. Ken- 

3 [An. 1666.] , net, cui plura debeo. 


pretio 300 librarum, atqiie restituit ecclesise fecitque ex 
paupere sacerdotio opulentissimum, saltern in ea diocesi : 
vi cujiis pacti tenuit decimas liujus ecclesige, reliquis bene- 
liciis ejectus, sab gravi tyrannide et diuturna. 
5 Extincta tyrannide et rege reduce, restitutus et ille est, 
admissusque insuper ad archidiaconatura de Merioneth et 
portlonem ecclesise de Llanddinam Jul. 23, 1660. Anno 
1666 electus erat episcopus Bangor., consecratus Jul. 1 
eodem anno ; atque archidiaconatum de Bangor, postea 
lo vacantem una tenuit jure commendaticio. 

Obiit Sept. 1 anno 1673, sepultus sexto die ejusdem 
raensis eodem tumulo cum decessore suo Nic. Robinson ad 
australem plagam ecclesiee suse catliedralis prope altare, 
cum hac inscriptione £eri incisa\ 
15 Roherti Morgan 8.T.P. Episcopi 

Bangoriensis quod mortale 
fuit Tiic depositum est in 
Spem heatce Resurrectionis et 
Immortalitatis MDCLXXIII. anno 
20 Gonsecrationis ejus VIII°. 

^tatis autem LXV. 
Anno 1661 creatus erat theologige doctor Cantabrlgige, 
designatus Joannensis^, collegii nee immemor nee amico- 
rum. Scripta quaedam rellquit, sed imperfecta, et proinde 
25 non edita, concionator autem erat egregius atque assiduus, 
quo labore prope exhaustus, fatum suum maturasse cre- 

Petrus Gunning* natus Jan. 11, 1613 apud Hoo in 
agro Cantiano, prima literarum rudimenta percepit Lem- 

30 hamffi, vel in schola regia Cantuarias, missus inde Canta- 
brigiam et ad collegium sive aulam Clar. an. 1629 ; ad- 
missus in matriculam academise Dec. 15 eodem anno ; 
translatus posthac ad collegium Corporis Christi, dein ad 
collegium D. Jo. ; utrobique preefectus ; theologige pro 

35 domina Margareta professor an. 1661 ; ejusdem facultatis 
professor regius eodem anno; episcopus Cicestrensis an. 

^ Auctius vide apud Le Neve Mon. ^ E.egr. acad. 

Angl. an. 1673. ^ An. 1669. 


1669, consecratus Mar. 6 ; translatus ad sedem Eliensem 

an. 1674-5, ubi e vivis excessit Jul. 6, 1684, tumulatus 

in ecclesia sua catliedrali cum hoc epitapliio. 

M. S. 

Eeverendi admodum in Christo Patris et Domini Petri 5 

Gunning Cantiani e Scliola Cantuariensi, Aul« Claren- 

sis apud Cantabr. j ^ .. l 
et k5ocii;J 

j Coll. Corporis Christi ) p . . f Domini Margarets | 
[et S*'. Joannis Evang.J^^^^^^*^' | et Eegii Professoris; J to 

Cantuariensis Canonici ; 

Ecclesige <Cicestriensis] -n, • 

^,. . )■ Episcopi. 
. et Ehensis j ^ 

Juxta hoc Marraor quiescit 

Cum Deus et Rex redux nobis 

Exemplar Sanctitatis, Doctri- 

otium fecisset, 15 

1188 Abyssus, 

hie tamen indefessus studiis, 

Episcopus, si quis olim, Apo- 

vigil iis. 

stolicus ; 

precibus, jejuniis, totus in- 

Exulans ab Academia, Eccle- 

cubuit ; 

siam Anglicanam 

Ficlelibus erudiendis, refutan- 20 

inter Scliismaticorum furias, 

dis Hsereticis, 

coram ipso Cromwello, 

vitam egit Ccelibem, Angeli- 

Concionibus, Disputationibus, 

cam ; 

publice asseruit, 

bonis Ecclesise legatis Chi-is- 

tantiim non solus sustinuit, 

tum Heredem scripsit ; 25 


et Virtutibus diu optatum 

rapiiit Cselum. 

Jul. 6. 

A. D. 1684. 

iEtatis su£e 71. 

GuLiELMUS Lloyd^ Wallus, filius Edvardi Llojd de 30 

Bala in agro Merioneth, clerici, Uteris grammaticis insti- 

tutus in schola de Ruthin, annos natus 18 admissus est in 

collegium D. Jo. Cantabr. Febr. 23, 1654. Admissus in 

matriculam academise Apr. 7, 1655 ^ Post susceptos gra- 

dus in artibus recessit a nobis futurus fortunse suse faber, 35 

brevique post commigravit in Lusitaniam societati merca- 

torum a sacris, carus ibi omnibus tarn extraneis quam 

1 An. 1675. ^ Regr. coll. et acad. 


suis ; atque reversus inde regi^ commendatus ob insignem 
prudentiam ac in rebus agendis dexteritatem, provectus est 
ad episcopatum Landavensem an. 1675, consecratus Apr. 18; 
translatus ad sedem Petroburg. Mali 17, 1679 ; indeque ad 
5 sedem JSForvic, electus Mali 21, 1685, exauctoratus et ejec- 
tus inde an, 1689, non ob crimen aliquod sed ob notas 

Kelicta igitiir provincia quam diutius administrare non 
potuit, secessit Londinum, vixitque annos aliquot in vicinio 

lo urbis sibi fere soli Deoque suo, regi quoque ac patrice quan- 
tum per iniquitatem temporum licebat. Latuit certe, non 
tamen obscure, notior forte quam aut cupiebat esse aut 
vellet, amicis vero obvius semper et familiaris, quos lauta 
satis mensa etiam ejectus et depressus excipiebat, pristine 

15 dignitatis memor: vir mihi semper memorandus ob insig- 
nem humanitatem exhibitam mihi pignoribusque binis 
mese fidei commissis. Utinam memorise eorum nunquam 
excidat, qualia documenta, quam salubria prascepta sanaque 
principia ibi imbiberint; mihi certe nunquam excidet. 

20 Obiit vir optimus^ bonis omnibus deflendus Jan. 1 anno 
1709-10, sepultus in ecclesia parochiali de Hammersmith 
sub campanili, una cum dilecta conjuge, a qua ne mor- 
tuus quidem divelli voluit. 

Sic, sic juncti tumulo maneatis in uno, 
25 Quos semper vivos junxerat mius amor. 

GuLTELMUS GouLDSTON^ Leycestrensis, filius Natha- 
nielis Gouldston de Winnandham T.D., Uteris gramma- 
ticis institutus in schola publica infra Grantham in agro 
Lincoln. ; admissus est subsizator in collegium Divi Jo 

30 Oct. 4, 1653 ; artium bac. an. 1657-8*. Post susceptum 
gradum in artibus unum aut alteram venit in familiam 
ducissse Somerset., prgesentatus vel donatus ab ea sacer- 
dotio sive rectoria de Simondsbury in agro Dorset.^; pro- 
motus inde ad episcopatum Bristol, an. 1678, consecratus 

35 Febr. 9; S.T.P. eodem anno. Obiit Apr. 4, 1684; sepul- 
tus in ecclesia de Simondsbury, nullo sui apud nos relicto 

1 S. T. P. an. 1670, Uteris regiis. ^ ^j,. 1678. 

2 Dedit libros collegio non minimi * Regr. coll. et acad. 
valoris, tarn MSS'°^. quam excuses. ' Athen. Oxon. [iv. 867]. 


monumento, neque episcopatum Bristol, (spem licet dede- 
rat) auctiorem reliquit, quam invenit. Hoc tantum inveni, 
sepultum esse juxta altare, nullo posito ei marmore aut 
inscriptione, ne quidem ab lis quos maxime demeruerat. 

Joannes Lake^ Eboracensis, filius Thomffi Lake de 5 
Halifax, natus atque Uteris institutus in schola publica 
Halifaxite per triennium, annos natus 13 admissus est in 
collegium D. Jo. sub tutore magistro Cleivland Dec. 4, 
1637^, ibique per alterum triennium artium et philosophiee 
prima rudimenta percepit. lo 

Post susceptum gradum in artibus Musas cum Marte 
mutavit, in collegio suo (tunc autem carcere) ob fidera regi 
preestitam conclusus, unde eripiens sese atque aufugiens 
in regia castra se recepit (loca tutiora quam moenia col- 
legii) ibique militavit non sine gloria. Oppressa causa ij 
regia sacris initiatus est, Deoque et ecclesise quantum per 
difficilia et iniqua tempora licuit vacabat : donee redeunte 
rege ac cum eo pace, admissus est primo vicarius de Leeds 
in patrio solo, dein rector ecclesias Sti. Botulphi juxta por- 
tam Episcop. Londin. ; canonicus Londinensis ac Ebor- 20 
acensis ; archidiaconus Clievland. ; nee non rector ecclesise 
de Prestwicli in agro Lancastr., ubi ex vicinio notus comiti 
Derbiensi patrono episcopatus Sodor, provectus est ad 
sedem istam 1682 anno exeunte; translatus ad sedem Bris- 
tol, an. 1684, atque inde ad Cicestreusem an. 1685. Unus 25 
ex septemviris illis, qui in causa religionis rege dura quaa- 
dam si non iniqua imperanti precibus et petitionibus resti- 

Obiit Aug. 30 an. 1689, duramque sententiam oppor- 
tuna morte preevenit, atque extreme fere halitu edidit prae- 30 
claram illam confessionem tarn fidei in principem quam 
constantise in ecclesiam Anglicanam testem perennem ex- 
cusam posthac atque ab ignota manu sed imbecilli oppug- 
natam, a notiori defensam. Sepultus in ecclesia Sancti 
Botulpbi juxta Portam Londiui. 35 

Capel Wiseman^, filius Gul. Wiseman de Canfield in 

1 An. 1682. 3 Eegr. coll. 3 ^n, 1683. 


agro Essex, "bar., prima literarum rudimenta percepit in 
schola Winton. ; translatus inde ad collegium Jo. Cant, 
ibique admissus pensionarius Nov. 10, 1654 : sed non diu 
eo fruimur, brevi enim post migrayit a nobis ad academiam 
5 Oxon.^, admissus prius in collegium Begin., socius dein 
collegii Omnium Animarum. Sacerdotium aliquod aut 
dignitatem in ecclesia Anglicana tenuisse non comperio ; 
erat autem decanus Rapotensis in Hibernia, ac postea epis- 
copus Dromorensis, consecratus Dec. 10, 1683. An. 1695, 
lo ineunte anno locum dedit successori. 

Feanciscus Tuener^ filius natu maximus Thomse 
Turner S. T. P. decani Cantuariensis, scholse Wintoniensis 
alumnus prius, dein collegii Novi Oxon. socius ; artium bac. 
an. 1659, A.M. 1662 ; quo gradu suscepto commigravit ad 

15 nos, admissus ad eundem gradum in academia Cantabr., ac 
pensionarius major in collegio D. Jo. Maii 8, 1666, sub 
doctore Gunning magistro collegii^, usus eo tam amico 
quam institutore, ductus liuc atque attractus ejus praecipue 
amore ac forte spe aliqua succedendi. 

20 Et certe successit, nam post triennium, doctore Gun- 
ning provecto ad episcopatum Cicestr. ac magistratum 
sponte resignante, Franciscus Turner (tunc S.T.P.) electus 
est et admissus prsefectus Apr. 11, 1670. Commode id ei 
accidit et opportune. Erat enim eodem tempore rector 

25 opulentse ecclesiee de Tharfield* fere in vicinio collegii, 
unde tempora sua gratis vicibus divisit inter ruris amoeni- 
tates et academige studia. Procan. an 1678. 

Verum non diu post eo fruimur, duce enim Ebora- 
censi (cui erat a sacris) in Scotiam proficiscente, (dimisso 

30 prius magistratu, successoris securus) ei fidus adhsesit, 
remunerandus brevi decanatu Windesorensi et episcopatu 
EofFensi, auctus utroque eodem anno 1683 ; translatus ad 
sedem Eliensem anno sequente, non sine interventu ducis 
Eboracensis ; qui succedens Carolo fratri, spes erat (nee 

35 vana quidem) altius eveliendum fore, nisi tempora ecclesise 

1 Cap ell Wiseman art. m agister ^ Regr. coll. 

Oxon. incorporatur Cantabrigise anno ^ Admissus ad rector, de Ther- 

1662. Regr. acad. fielde 1664, Dec, 20. 

2 An. 1683. 



parum propitia et male sana consilia res nostras inter- 
vertissent. Sensit ille Jesuitarum dolos ac, quatenus fas 
erat, restitit, carcerem passus in causa ecclesiee, dein a sede 
sua detrusus in causa regia, fidus utrique. Obiit preesul 
optimus Londini Nov. 2. an. 1700, nuUo condito testa- 5 
mento ; unde bona omnia cesserunt filige satis aliunde 
dotatse, quod nobis sane inauspicato accidit, quamvis enim 
nonnuUa collegio vivens valensque dedisset, plura tamen 
destinaverat dedissetque, nisi mors, inopina fere, preever- 
tisset. Corpus ejus Tharfeldiam deportatum Novem. 5, lo 
tumulatur juxta conjugem, quam tenero affectu semper 
dilexit, eique extinctse monumentum posuit cum splendido 
epitaphio. An tantundem prsestiterit nlia patri nondum 
mihi compertum est ; illud certe compertissimum, tantun- 
dem mereri. 15 

Edidit condones nonnullas, plerasque aulee habitas, una 
cum tractatu contra auctorem Nudce Veritatis, atque epis- 
tola hortatoria clero suo Eliensi scripta, genio et spiritu 
plane apostolico. Tractatus alios imperfectos reliquit. 

Qui proxime sequitur, juxta seriem prior ^, Thomas 20 
White^ Cantianus, -tilius Petri White de Allington in 
comitatu prsedicto plebeii nuper defuncti, natus ibidem, 
educatus in schola publica de Wye in com. prsedicto, 
annos natus quatuordecim admissus est subsizator in coll. 
Jo. Oct. 29, 1642 ^ Plebeius cum fuerit, (post moram apud 25 
nos non admodum diuturnam) in rus commigravit, ubi per 
tempora iniqua atque Uteris et literatis parum propitia 
aliquandiu delituit, neque enim queerendo de eo quicquam 
inaudivi ante annum 1666, quando preesentatus fuit ab 
archiepiscopo Cantuariensi ad curam ecclesiarum Omnium 30 
Sanctorum Majoris et Minoris Londini, institutus ibi Junii 
12 eodem anno. Qua cura dimissa admissus est ad vica- 
riam de Novo Opere (vulgo Newark) an. 1679 ; rector 
etiam de Bottesford in agro Leicestrensi non longe dissito, 
ad prffisentationem comitis de Rutland ; tandem archidia- 35 
conus Nottinghamiensis, installatus Aug. 13, 1683. 

1 [Baker by mistake put White ^ ^jj_ 1685. 

after Beveridge, and Morgan after =* Regr. coll. Artium bac. an. 

White. The order is here restored.] 1646. 


Fiierat sacellanus comitis Exon., domesticus an titularis, 
serius an citius, quove emolumento non comperio. Istud 
certius et fructuosius, fuisse sacellanum Jacobi ducis Ebo- 
racensis, quo patrocinante provectns est ad sedem Petro- 
5 burg. an. 1685, consecratus Oct. 25, iuthronizatus per pro- 
curatorem Nov. 9 ejusdem anni. Eidem tamen Jacobo, 
tunc regi Anglise, iniquum jubenti filialiter non obedivit, 
immo dbedienter contradixit et rebellavit^. At cum idem rex 
iniquam sortem tulisset (prout episcopo nostro visum est) 

lo eidem filialiter et obedienter adli^sit, ob constantiam et 
fidelitatem eidem prgestitani a sede sua detrusus. 

Exutus omnibus et ad pristinum fere statum redactus 
Serena mente recessit, atque procul a curis, si non a ful- 
mine, quod reliquum erat vitas tranquille agens, dierum 

15 plenus ac vitse satur animam Deo inspiranti reddidit anno 
1698^, sepultus in templo Sti. Gregorii Londini Jun. 4*°. 

Post tot casus et rerum discrimina opulentum fuisse 
suspicabitur nemo ; libros quos habuit plurimos legavit 
ecclesise de Newark. Collegio^, uti non multum debuit, 

20 ita non admodum favebat, in alteram academiam fere 
propensior. Inter auctores non occurrit, rebus agendis 
quam scribendis aptior; concionator tamen satis Celebris, 
quam Spartam pr^cipue ornavit. 

Thomas Watson*, filius Joannis Watson nautse, natus 
25 apud Kingston juxta fluvium Hull atque Uteris gram- 

maticis ibidem institutus, admissus est in collegium Jo. 

Maii 25, 1655 ; admissus socius pro magistro Ashton Apr. 

10, 1660^ ; S. T. P. an. 1675, quando respondit in vesperiis 

comitiorum non sine plausu; rector de Burgh in agro 
30 Cantabr.; designatus episcopus Menevensis a rege Jacobo, 

consecratus sexto cal. Jul. an. 1687. 

De eo plura commemoranda essent, nisi quod vivit 

adhuc, et quidem quod dicendum hie siet, perparce ni- 

mium. At sibi tantum durus et illiberalis, beneficus aliis ; 

1 Verba Roberti Grostet episcopi clesia S'' Pauli Lond. 
Lincoln, in parili instantia. [Roberti ^ Dedit (nondum episcopus) quin- 

GrossetesteEpist.,ed.Luard, p.436]. que aureos. 

2 Obiit Maii 31, 1698, juxta cal- ^ An. 1687. 

culum D. Kennett, sepultus in Ec- ^ liegr. coll. 



nam prteter ingentem pecunige vim afflictis ant egenis ero- 
gatam dedit collegio perpetuam advocationem trium rec- 
toriarum in agro Cautabr. aut Ebor. jacentium ; quo 
posteriori, in oppido suo natali, ptochotrophium brevi 
casm'um egregie refecit aut potius de novo construxit, 5 
atque ut omnibus innotesceret quo patrono usus fuerit, 
banc epigraplien gratitudinis TeK/jitjpiov adjecit. 

In D. 0. M. gloriam, Seremss. Jacohi 2*^'. Regis et 
Patroni honorem et pauperum suhsidtum, Tho. Watson, 
88. T. P. consecratus Epus. Menev. &°. Col. Julii 1687, 10 
tecta tunc casura in hanc fahricam instauravit A. D. 

Plura meditatur et molitur vir magnanimus, atque per- 
ficiet sedulo, nisi consilia sua bene posita sinistrum aliquid 
intervertat. 1 5 

Intervertit autem morbus letalis ; obiit enim Junii 
tertio anno 1717 ex pleuritide, nullo condito testamento^. 

Edvardus Stillingfleet^ ex familia non ignobili . 
in agro Eboracensi oriundus, filius Samuelis St. de Cran- 
burne in agro Dorset.; anno setatis suae 15 admissus erat 20 
in collegium Jo. Sept. 29, 1648 ; admissus discipulus ex 
nominatione comitis Sarum, vicecomitis Cranburne Nov. 8 
eodem anno ; atque dein socius pro domina fundatrice 
Mar. 31, 1653. Rector de Sutton in agro Bedford, (ex 
preesentatione Eogeri Burgoygn bar.) an. 1657, ubi pene 25 
juvenis, annos natus 24, edidit Irenicum, prseclarum ingenii 
et eruditionis specimen, opus quidem quod pauci lauda- 
bunt, nemo contemnet. 

Crescente fama nominis ac eruditionis provectus est a 
comite Southampt. ad opulentum sacerdotium Sti. Andrea 30 
de Holborne an. 1664—5 ; canonicus dein, arcliidiaconus ac 
decanus Londinensis, canonicus Cantuar.; ac demum epis- 
copus Wigorniensis, consecratus Oct. 13 anno 1689 ; ubi 
cum per decennium plus minus sedisset, post multos pro 
ecclesia ac religione exantlatos labores, tandem laboribus 35 
fractus obiit Westm. Mar. 27, 1699, earns suis, omnibus 
venerabilis. Tumulatur Wigornise in ecclesia sua catlie- 

1 Ex autographo. some years after the rest.] 

2 [This last sentence was added ^ ^jj_ 1689. 


drali sub monumento sane eleganti. Monumentum tamen 
perenniiis ipse sibi vivens posuit. 

Parcius ego de isto viro, quoniam vita ejus conscripta 
est, atque turn seorsum edita, turn pra^fixa operibus excusis 
5 an. 1707 sex spissis voluminibus in folio, unde peteudus 
est catalogus librorum quos scripsit. Tantum moneo mis- 
sum ibi esse tractatum quendam, reliquis parem aut superi- 
orem, cui titulus. The Case of an Oath of Ahjuratwn 
considered, Lond. 1702, 4to. shewing that an Oath of Ah- 
10 juration is altogether new. 2. that it is altogether needless, 
3. that it is altogether impossible to he he])t. 

KoBERTUS Grove\ filius Gul. Grove de Moorden in 
comitatu Dorset., natus Londini, Uteris grammaticis in- 
15 stitutus in schola publica Wintoniensi, admissus erat pen- 
sionarius in coll. Jo. sub D. Stillingfleet tutore Oct. 18, 
1652; admissus discipulus an. 1653, socius pro fundatrice 
Mar, 23, 1658; admissus artium bac. anno priori, inter 
graduatos ejusdem anni ordine primus ; proximi nee longo 

20 intervallo erant Gulielmus Beveridge, Gulielmus Cave, 
Tho. Tenison, etc. Quanti et quales viri ! 

Post insumptos et bene collocatos aliquot annos in 
erudienda juventute collegii, vocatus est ad curam in ec- 
clesia, promotus ab episcopo Londinensi (cui erat a sacris) 

25 primo ad ecclesiam de Winnington an. 1667, dein ad 
rectoriam de Langham atque vicariam de Aldham in agro 
Essex, an. 1669 ; quibus dimissis constitutus est rector 
Sti. Andreee Undershaft in civitate Lond. an. 1670; cano- 
nicus ecclesige Paulines an. 1679 ; atque archidiaconus 

30 Middlesex an. 1690; demum episcopus Cicestrensis an. 

Pascebat ibi gregem sibi commissum paterno affectu ac 
prudentia singulari, moribus suavissimis earns omnibus, jura 
dabat per populos volentes, donee morte dura ac prsepro- 

35 pera nimis (nisi aliter visum fuisset supremo rerum omnium 
Moderatori) ereptus, triste sui desiderium reliquit. Obiit 
7. cal. Octobris an. 1696, tumulatus Cicestrise in ecclesia 
sua catbedrali cum hoc epitapliio. 

1 An. 1601. 


Boh. Grove S. T. P. Coll. Winton. prius Scholaris, deinde 
D. Jo. in Acad. Cant. Socius, Ecclesice Cicestrensis demum 
JEpiscoj>us. Londini natus, Londini claruit, latendi licet non 
j)arum appetens, Ecclesice Clerique Anglicani eximia turn 
Roniani turn vernaculi sermonis elegantia celeherrimus 5 
defensor ; In redarguendis et conciliandis Adversariis feli- 
citer exercitatus. Vir midii acuminis, subacti [judicii) fa- 
cetiisque simul misti et verecundia ; omnibus in altiori sua 
■dignitate facilis et suavis, in pauperes semper misericors et 
henignus. Fato tamen occuhuit immaturo, quod bonis ceque lo 
ac mails accidit. 8ed ita visum est Deo, ut inter cruris 
fracti summos cruciatus novum patientice proponeret ex- 
emplar. Obiit septimo Gal. Octobr. cetat. 62, 1696. 

Scripsit Latine Responsionem ad libellum qui inscribi- 
tur Celeusma etc. excusam an. 1680. 4to., atque Defensi- i5 
onem suse Eesponsionis an. 1682, cui adjecta sunt Pa- 
rallela imparia 4to. Transtulit e sermone Anglico in Lati- 
num Papismum Regice Potestatis Eversorem, scriptum a Tho. 
Barlow episcopo Lincolniensi, atque alia quasdam adjici 
curavit an. 1681. 8vo. Scripsit quoque Anglice nonnulla, 20 
qu£e notiora sunt quam ut recenseri debeant. 

GuLiELMUs Beveridgf/ de Barrow in agro Leicestrensi, 
Uteris grammaticis institutus in schola publica de Okeliam, 
annos natus sexdecim admissus erat subsizator in collegium 
Jo. Mali 24, 1653^. Discipulus nmiquam ex fundatione, 25 
quantum ego memini, teimit autem exhibitionem unam 
aut alteram, socius procul dubio futurus, si per statuta 
(habita ratione coraitatuum) licuisset. At si mereri sat 
erat, abunde meruit, nam artiuin bac, primi aut secundi 
anni composuit Grrammaticam Syriacam, eamque edidit 30 
anno 1658 dicatam Ant. Tucknej prsefecto collegii atque 
Joanni Majnard patrono suo, in cujus sedibus tunc hospita- 
batur, humaniter ab eo et benigne habitus. 

Qualis fuerit sub isto patrono, raihi incompertum est; 
juvenis certe ac in iniquissima tempora reservatus, si ali- 35 
quantulum a recto tramite declinaverit, condonandum id ei 
esset rerum adhuc inexperto. Redeunte rege ac restituta 

' An. 1704. ' Ilegr. coll. 


ecclesia, totus noster erat, prime vlcarius de Yealing com. 
Middl. an. 1660; rector ecclesisa Sti. Petri Cornhill an. 
1672 ; canonicus Londin. an. 1674 ; archidiaconus Colcestrise 
an. 1681 ; canonicus Cantuarien. ac (ni fallor) Cicestren., 
5 nee pluribus impar. 

An. 1691 nominatus erat episcopus Bath-Wellen., sed 
noluit dWoTpLoeTTLCTKoiTelv, eumque titulum majori animo 
atque lionore oblatum rejecit, quam alter accepit, alieni non 
appetens, suis contentus. An. 1704 episcopatum Asaph., 
loquamvis non adeo opulentum, canonice tamen vacantera 
non respuit, atque onini titulo major, sub minori consedit. 

Quantus et qualis vir fuerit, enarrabit ille, qui vitam 
ejus scripturus est, quam brevi prodituram speramus, ar- 
gumento saltern parem, certe non superiorem : neque enim 
1 5 verendum est, ne materiam superet opus. Obiit Londini 
anno 1707-8 ; sepultus Mar. 5 in templo D. Pauli, ex 
oriental! parte ecclesia?-. Requiescat in pace. 

Ultimus ille, quo decedente defecit honor iste apud 
nos, quod vix contigit ante. 

2o Philippus Howard, filius tertius Henrici baronis 
Mowbray et Matravers etc., admissus erat pensionarius 
major sub magistro collegii quarto die Julii 1640 \ Sed 
ingruente bello et custode in custodiam tradito, mature 
recessit, solum et animura vertit ac trans mare currit, postea 

25 cardinalis ejusdem nominis. 

Si qua fides liomini vano mendaci et perjuro^, designa- 
tus erat a pontifice Romano archiepiscopus Cantuariensis ; 
sed fides sit penes autorem. lUud certius est, percepisse 
pensionem unam aut alteram e reditibus episcopalibus (sed 

30 transmarinis) ex donatione pontificis Eomani, eoque nomine 
et cardinalicio quoque inter pr^sules recenseri potest. Sed 
extraneus cum fuerit, nominasse sat est. Claudatque cata- 
logum celebre nomen, 

1 Regr. coll. ^ T[itus] 0[ates], Narrative [1679. ^°^- V- 5°d 


Thomas Bowees^ Salopiensis, natus in villa Salopi- 
ensi et in schola regia ibidem Uteris grammaticis instructus 
sub magistro Taylour, filius Ricardi B. pannarii defuncti, 
setatis suas 17 admissus subsizator pro magistro Verdon, 
tntore et fidejussore ejus magistro Eoper Jun. 14, 1677 ^ 5 
Thomas Bowers quadrantarius coll. Jo. census quinto 
Julii 1677'. 

^ [Consecrated bishop of Chiches- ^ Eegr. coll. Jo. 

ter 7 Oct. 1722. Stubbs, Regis- Eegr. acad. Cant, 

trum Sacr. Anglic, p. 112.] 

CATALOGUS SOCIORUM. 1511 — 1519. ' 281 




9 Apr. 1511. Jas. Spooner, Jo. Weste and Thos. Barker 'nominati 
socii in charta fimdationis ex vi pacti ciim Jacobo episcopo Eliensi.' 

1 Feb. 1513. 'Davenport A.B., Gilb. Latham A.B. et Standish 
A.B. nominati socii ab episcopo Eliensi in compositione quadam inter 
5 executores et episcopum ; an vero admissi fuerint, nondum comperi. 
Non occurrunt inter socios an. 1516, nee in rationario coUegii, quan- 
tum ego memini. Quaere,' 

An. 6. Hen. 8.-^ Ric. Sharpe (chaplain to bp. Fisher) named presi- 
dent of the college. Kyffyn named fellow, 
lo 29 Jul. 1516. 'In encseniis collegii' 31 fellows chosen. Jo. Ed- 
munds, Jas. Sponer, Jo. West, Wm. Paye, Thos. Grenewode, Clem. 
Eryngton, Rd. Packer, Rog. Ashe, Nic. Daryngton, Jo. Smith ^ and 
Thos. Werisdale, masters of arts. 

Rog. Herman, Rd. Leigh, Wm. Collier, Rob. Shaw, Jo. Shawe, 

15 Jo. Ramsey, Hen. Golde^, Rd. Smith, Wm. Longforthe^, Ninian 

Shaftoo, Jo. Benet, Jo. Stringer, Thos. Grove, Wm. Whittinge, Jo, 

Briganden, Sim. Giggis, Nic, Glynton, Jo. Bradbery, Hen. Ogill and 

Rob. Dent, bachelors of arts. 

An. 8. Hen. 8^. [22 Apr. 1516—21 Apr. 1517-] Rob. Calton'socius, 
20 ci:yus nomen apponitur fundationi H. Edyal.' 

An. 11 Hen. 8".* 'Dr Watson^ (alibi Jo. Watson) designatur so- 
cius, electus postea in sodalitium aulse Regise, quod una cum sodalitio 

^ [22 Apr. 1 5 14 — 21 Apr. 15 15.] ^ Uterque vicariua de Osprynge ex 

^ Jo. Smith S.T.B. admissus erat prassentatione collegii. 

ad rectoriam de Thurrington Febr. * [22 Apr. 1519 — ^i Apr. 1520.] 

19, 15 2 1, prsesentatu.? a Jo. EofFensi ^ Jo. Watson S.T.B. inductus erat 

episcopo et Hugone Ashton dominis ad ecclesiam de Elsworth dioc. Elien. 

sive proprietariis manerii, ea ratione Nov. 30 an. 1516; sed erat Petren- 

patronis. sis. 


coll. Jo. tenuisse perhibetur, non invitis statutist. Dr. Roston de- 
signatur socius (Rayston incipit in theol. 1520). Mri. Burgon, Hale, 
Arthur^, Gyles, (Rob.) Wakefield^ Rob. Trustloo designatl socii. Dni. 
Fletcher A.B. et Thornham A.B. socii eodem anno.' Admitted. Geo. 
Cowper (A.B. 151|) and Rob. Thomlyn. 5 

An. 1521. Ra. Bayne 'dioc. Ebor. admissus socius pro episcopo 
Roffensi circa annum 1521. A.B. an. 151|^. Incipit in artibus an. 

An. 1522-3. 'Jo. Bruer* socius pro epo. Roff. circa an. 1522-3.' 

Admitted 19 Sept. an. 14 Hen. 8"'.^ Geo. Dey, 'dioc. Gov. et lo 
Lich., incipit in artibus 1524".' 

Admitted an. 1523. Rog. Dalyson^; Jas. Urmeston ; Rd. Lache. 
Admitted 1 Apr. an. 14 Hen. 8"'. Rd. Brandisbe. Admitted an. 14 
Hen. 8"'. Thos. Askham. 

Adm.8 15 Hen. 8^ [22 Apr. 1523—21 Apr. 1524]. Leon. 15 
Stevynson. Admitted an. 15 Hen. 8"''. Thos. Ashton ; Edm. Metcalfe; 
Rob. Truslowe. (Rd. Croke ' erat socius, ut videtur, circa hunc an. et 
lector Greec. pro episcopo Roffen.') 

Admitted 15- Mar. 152f . Wm. Shirwood, A.B., Durh. ; Rob. 
Babthorpe. Admitted 29 Mar. 1524. Rd. Hylyard A.M., Line; "Wm. 20 
Fultrope A.B., Richm. Admitted 1524. Rob. Thornaml Admitted 
26 Jul. 1524. Rob. Pember'', dioc. Heref. Admitted 11 Nov. 1524. 
Rob. Nevell A.B., Derb. 

Admitted 3 Apr. 1525. Christopher Jackson A.B., Richm. 

Admitted 31 Mar. 1528. Rd. Wade. Admitted 3 Mar. 1528. 25 
Paul Rutland A.M.^" Admitted an. 1528. Thos. Durham, dioc. Durh. ; 
Thos. Selyard, Kent; Hugh Fitzherbert"; Leon. Barton ^^; Thos. 
Thomlinson ; Edm. Whalley. 

Admitted cir. an. 1529. Jo. Seton, Fisher'^^. Admitted 25 Jul. 
1529. Reginald Aspres, Lane, F. 30 

Admitted 26 Mar. an. 21 Hen. 8^'. [22 Apr. 1529—21 Apr. 
1530.] Jo. Cheke, Cambr. Admitted an. 21 Hen. 8". Jo. Kekwyk, 

Admitted 5 Apr. 1530. "Wm. Colman A.B., Ess.; Jo. Madewe^* 
'discretus vir' A.B., Lane. Admitted 1530. Christopher Browne. 35 

Admitted 3 Not. an. 22. Hen. 8". [22 Apr. 1530—21 Apr. 1531] 
Jo. Redmayn^^ 

1 Archiva collegii. B[rowne] W[illis], Survey, inter prse- 

^ Tho. Arthur A.M. institutus centores, p. 86. 

socius a Nich. episcopo Elien. Febr. ^ Dedit Hieronymi opera. 

5 an. 15 1 7. V. Eegr. Ellen, f. 19. » Postea socius coll. Trin., ubi 

^ Postea lector Hebr. pro episcopo obiit an. 1560. 

Koffensi. '^^ Obiit an. 1532. 

4 Obiit an. 1535. " Obiit an. 1537. 

5 [22 Apr. 1522— 21 Apr. T523.] 12 Qbiit an. 1531, 

6 [Above, p. 113. 1. 12.] i« M.A. 1532. 

7 Decanus de Thornton com. Line. , ^* Prebend Leighton Bosard, Line. 
preecentor eccl. Lincol. V. Epitaph. ^^ A.B. i$2%. 

A.D. 1520—1541. 283 

Admitted 16 Mar. an. 2.3. Hen. 8". [22 Apr. 1531—21 Apr. 1532] 
Christopher Bayly. 

Admitted an. 1532. Wm. Jackson A.B., dice. Gov. and Lich. ; 
Thos. Crosley A.B., dioc. Yk., Boksby. 
5 Admitted an. 24 Hen. 8". [22 Apn 1532—21 Apr. 1533.] Jo. 

Blande ; Rymers ; Hen. Aylonde^ ; Thos. Stanlow^ ; Hen. Sander- 
son, dioc. Ylf., 'cir. an. 24. H. 8.' Admitted 31 Mar. 1533. Wm. 
Colyer, Derb., Berisford; Jo. Hatcher, Surr. : Hen. Comberforth 
A.B., Staff. Admitted 5 Apr. 1533. Rob. Hobson. Admitted 'cir. 
lo an. 1533? Thos. Watson, dioc. Dm-h., Ashton. 

Admitted 26 Mar. an. 25 Hen. 8". [22 Apr. 1533-21 Apr. 1534.] 
Rog. Ascham ; Alban Langdayle^, Yk., Ashton. Admitted an. 
25 Hen. 8". Thos. Peacocke ; Rog. Brugh. 

Admitted 25 Mar. 1534. Wm. Devenish, Suss. Admitted 8 Apr. 
151.534. Wm. Cobbe,Yk. Admitted 20 Jul. 1534. Rd. Comberford*, 
born at Comberford Staff. ; Rd. Swayn A.B., born at Chesterton 
Cambr. Admitted ' cir. an. 1534.' Rog. Tongue, Ashton. 

Admitted an. 26 Hen. 8". [22 Apr. 1534—21 Apr. 1535]. Rd. 
20 Admitted 7 Nov. an. 27 Hen. 8^'. [22 Apr. 1535—21 Apr. 1536]. 
Wm. ByIl^ 

Admitted 25 Mar. 1536. Rob. Home'', Fisher. Admitted 1536. 
Rob. Banks''; Rd. Faucet^; Jo. Yonge^. Admitted cir. an. 1536. 
Rd. Becke. 
25 Admitted ' cir. an. 1537.' Wm. Blaxton ; Wm. Porter" ; D. Gorme. 

Admitted an. 1537 or 1538. ' sub Geo. Day prsefecto.' Rd. Alvey". 
Admitted an. 29 Hen. 8". [22 Apr. 1537—21 Apr. 1538]. Geo. Bul- 
lock 'sub Geo. Day prsef.' ; Rd. Faudinge^^, Fisher. 

Admitted 21 Jun. 1538. Jo. Dawling ' sub Geo. Day prsefecto.! 
30 Admitted an. 30 Hen. 8^'. [22 Apr. 1538—21 Apr. 1539.] Wm. 
Tayler ; Hen. Bailey ; Rob. Hebylthwate. Admitted 26 Mar. 1539. 
Wm. Barker; Wm. Manley ; Jas. Pilkynton " ; Christopher Hales. 

Admitted 17 Mar. 15f§. Andr. Pernei*, Norf., Gregson ; Jo, 
Tomson, Yk., Fisher. Admitted 'cir. an. 1540.' Wm. Leper; Ra. 
35 Canterell. 

Admitted 'cir. an. 1541.' Geo. Wheatley : Jo. Rawlinson. 

1 Obiit an. 1551. V. Regr. test. aul^ Pembr. custos. V. ibid. 

2 Obiit an. 1539. Alias Stanley. ^^ Obiit 1545. 

3 Archid. Cicestr., rector deBux- " Canonicus Westmon., magister 
sted com. Sussex, exauctoratus an. Templi Lond. etc. See Hooker's 
1559- Life, pp. 33, 34. [ed. 1670.] 

* A.B. i53f. ^^ Eic. Fauding prsesentat. ad rec- 

^ A.B. 15 3f. toriam de Buxted co. Sussex Oct. 

^ A.B. an. 153^. A.M. 1540. Epi- 1569. Obiit an. 1573, sepultus ibid. 

Scopus Winton. A.D. 1573, Mar. 19. Regr. ibid. 

^ ^dis Christi Oxon. canonicus. ^^ A.B. 1539. 

V. Antiq. Oxon. pp. 252., 260, 261. '^ Prsef. coll. S. Petri, decanua 

^ Preb. Line. Elien, etc. 

^ A.M. 1539. Coll. Trin. socius. 

284 CATALOGUS SOCIORUM. 1542 — 1546. 

Admitted 9 May 1542. Jo. Christoforsoni. 

Admitted 14 Mar. an. 34 Hen. 8". [22 Apr. 1542—21 Apr. 1543]. 
Rog. Hutchinson. Admitted ' eodem anno.' Reginald Middleton ; 
Nic. Smith ; Thos. Dobbe ; Wm. Grindall ; Miles "Wylson. Admitted 
14 Mar. 154|. Rd. Mitch. 

Admitted an. 1543. Thos. Lever. 

Admitted 2 Apr. 1544. Ant. Hoggen A.B., born at Framlingham 
Suflf. ; Simon Clarke A.B., born at Bramiston Rutl. 

Admitted 24 Mar. an. 36 Hen. 8". [22 Apr. 1544—21 Apr. 154.5]. 
Leon. Pilkintonl Admitted 'cir. an. 1545.' Rog. Kelke^ ; Leyte. 

Admitted 'cir. an. 154|-.' Jo. Dee"*. 

' Socii incert8e setatis.' Rod. Sherwode ; Rd, Patrick ; Rd. Had- 
feld. Sawnders 'socius ante annum 1542."^ 

Most of these admissions are taken from bonds, required by statute 
to be given at admission in the reigns of Hen. 8 and queen Mary, 15 
some from a broken, imperfect register in the treasury, a very fevF col- 
lected from the series of names, as they stand upon some old college- 
books, or other papers. 

The first fellows are taken from the original charter of the foun- 
dation, or from the act or instrument of opening the college, both 20 
which I have often perused ; there is a copy of the latter upon an old 

^ A.B, J54x. ^ [Here follow in Baker the fellows 

^ A.B. iS4f , of the years 1557 and 1558, who are 

^ A.B, 154! • given below m their order.] 
* Dein socius coll. Trin. 

ADMISSIONES SOCIORUM. 1547 — 1550. 285 





Elected and admitted 28 Mar. 1547. Wm, Gokeman^, Cunstdble; 
Jo. Grenewod, Halatri Home; Jo. Pyndar, Berisforthe; Lancelot 
Thexton^ Fell; Wm. Ireland, F.; Jo. Saltt, F. ; Rd. Hyde, Asheton ; 
Edward Raven ^, F. ; Jo. Bee, F. ; Edward Sqwyer, F. 

5 Admitted 21 Mar. 154|. Thos. Wilson^, Westmor.jA'^^/^ow; Tlios, 

Lakyn, Themhelhe; Jo. Gwynn^, Carnarv., F. 

'Anno Dni 1549 4 Julij. RR. Edw. 6 tertio. Socij admissi per 
Regies Visitatores, Tho. Eliens., Nicliolaum Roffensem, episcopos ; 
Joan. Chekum, Guliel. Mai, Tho. Wendei.' Pet. Perusinus'^, 'ex Ita- 

lo lia oriundus,' Aschton 'per regios visitatores;' Gylb. Langley, Lane, 
F. 1)2). Ely's fellow; Christopher Tatam, Richm., i^., 'per regios assig- 
natus visitatores ;' Rodolph Lever, Lane, Gregson ' per regios visita- 
tores;' Wm. Denman'', Notts, F. 'per regios visitatores;' Thos. 
Kechen, Yk., Halatryehome ' per reg. vis. ;' Hen. May, Cambr., F. 

15 'per reg. vis.' 

Admitted 27 Mar. 1550. TIios. Fowle, Kent, F. Admitted 5 Aug. 

1 Obiit an. 1558. Parker, L. 3. c. 18. p. 255, and 

^ Natus apud Bawtry com. Rich- Annals, Vol. iii. p. 44S. V. Petr. 

iBond. Bizar. de Bello Cyprio, pag. jDenult. 

^ Obiit an. 1558. 282, 3. An. 1549 conceditur Petro 

4 Postea decanus Vigorn. Obiit 10 Perusino Italo, viro docto et per 
Jul. 1586. V. [Abingdon's] Autiq. regiae maj.. visitatores assignato ad so- 
()f Wore. p. 84. cietatem incollegio Joannis, ut sithlc 

5 Jo. Gwynn LL.D. an. 1560. apud vos in eodem gradu quo fue^at 
Fundavit socios et discipulos, sed, in partibus transmarinis etc. Eegr. 
quod dicendum est, praeparce nimis. acad. Cant. 

Scripsit camiina in fratres SufFol- '' [Matriculated as pensioner of 

cienses. St John's Nov. 1544; B.A. i54a j 

V. Strype's Life of archbp, M.A. 15.51.] 


1550. Hen. Wryght^, Yk., F. 'per episcopum Eliensem et ex dis- 
pensatione episcopi eiusdem, quatenus fuerit visitator regius.' 

Elected and admitted 20 Mar. 1551 1 Fras. Babyngton, Leic, F. ; 
Wm. Owen, Anglesea, F. ; Edward Webbe, Staff., Bayley. Admitted 
same day. Rd. Asteley, Norf., Ashton 'per regies visitatores.' Ad- 5 
mitted 16 Dec. 1551. Rob. Eyre, Yk., Rokyshe, 'per reg. vis.' 

Elected and admitted 8 Apr. 1552. Edward Watkynson, Yk., 
Assheton; Pet. Foster, 'ex dioc. J)\mQ\m.,' Asheton ; Clias. Grise, 
Norf., F. ; Bart. Dodington, Midds, F.; Persival Wiburne, Kent, F.; 
Miles Bulkeley^, Salop, F.; Ant. Asshawe, Lane, Asshtofi. lo 

Admitted 25 Mar. 1653. Rob. Dakins, Derb., Berisforde; Rob. 
Swyfte, Yk., F. ; Nic. Shepperd, Westmor., Fell; Jo. Lakyn, Warw., 
F. ; Thos. Hartley*, Lane, Lupton; Rd. Curtes^, Line, F. 

Admitted 1554". Geo. Hunter'', Yk., Halytrehome ; Jo. Viner, 
Norf., Gregson; Jo. Ryddall, Yk., Fisher; Chas. Wright, Yk., Fisher; 15 
Wm. Kyrbye, Kent, Fisher; Jo. Stevinson, Derb., Baley; Barnard 
Mason, Yk., Roukeshye; Tlios. Hartley^, Lane, Asheton; Pet. Car- 
ter", Lane, Asheton; Thos. Caldcot^°, Cambr., Keyton; Jo. Hopper, 
Beds, Fell; Thos. Crost, 'exschola Setbur.,' Luplon; Yal. Tailer, 
Durh., F.; Thos. Willan, Westmor., F.; Rd. Armested", Yk., F.\20 
Hen. Warren, Notts, F. ; Rog. Hone, Lane, F. ; Jo. Raines, Nor- 
thumb., F. ; Wm. Cliidro^^ Yk., F. ; Geo. Storie, Durh., F. ; Edw. Pol- 
lard, Notts, F.. ' electus in concionatorem et socium per seniores.' 

Admitted 1555. Alex. Smythe^^, Yk., Fisher; Hen. Howeman, 
Norf., Fell; Ant. Ellyson, Northumb., Symson ; Rd. Godfrey, Norf., 25 
Oregson ; Thos. Louthbery, Herts, Keyton; Christopher Hauxhurst '"*, 
Notts, F.; Ste. White, Hants, hp. Ely'' s fellow; Rob. Drad, Hunts, 
F. ; Jo. Hudson, Yk., F. ; Thos. Merell, Ruth, F. ' concionator ;' Rob. 
Hartburne, Durh., F. ' concionator.' 

Admitted 1556. Thos. Colyer^^, Staff., Keyton; Wm. Barnesdale, 30 
Gloue, P. hp. Ely's fellow ; Thos. Raines, Northumb., Symson; Hugh 
Hill, Staff., Balye; Thos. Shelito, Yk., Fisher; Rog. Otwey, West- 
mor. ' ex schola Setbur.,' Lupton ; Wm. Atkinson, Yk., F. 

[Baker has added upon the register: "Desunt admissiones an. 

' Scripsit carmina in fratres Suf- Jul. 1549.] 
folcienses. " Petrus Carter scripsit annotat. 

2 [i. e. I55x) in which year elec- in Jo. Setoni Dlalectlcam. 

tion Monday fell 16 March.] i" [Caldekot, foundation scholar 

3 Obiit. an. 1559. ^^ 'S.o^. 1547.] 

4 Obiit 1557. " [One Wm. Amiytstead, Yk., 
^ [Foundation scholar 6 Nov. Fell scholar 6 Nov. 1550.] 

1550.] 12 [Clidero, Ducket scholar 11 

6 Nomina sociorum admiss. sub Nov. 1546.] 

Maria reg. apponuntur eadem manu ^^ [Dowman scholar 6Nov. 1550.] 

eaque scabrosa et satis deformi. 1* [Hauxurst, Keyton scholar 6 

^ [One Geo. Hunt was admitted Nov. 155 1.] 

Dolman sizar 4 Jul. 1547.] '^^ [Morton scholar 11 Nov. 1547.] 

8 [Hartlay, Lupton scholar 4 

A.D. 1550—1562. 287 

1557, 1558, quae petendee sunt ex archivis collegii." He has given 
the admissions of tliese years with those previous to the commence- 
ment of the register. They are here inserted in order. Cf. supr. 

p. 284.] 
5 Admitted 8 Apr. 1557 \ Rd. Stackhouse, Yk., F. ; Humfr. Bohun, 

Norw., Gregson; Hugh Hill, Lichf., Berisford; Thos. Yaro, Line, F. ; 

Nic. Cobbe, Lond., Keyton; Wm. Dowse, Line, Thimhlehy; Wni. 

Harington, Yk., Keyton; Rd. Smyth, Glouc, F. 

Admitted Mar. 1558^ Jo. Coldwell^ A.B., Feversham Kent, F. ; 
lo Wm. Smith, Lowth Line., Sympson; Hen. Coclicroft, A.B., Halifax 

Yk., Fisher; Geoffrey Downs, Shigley Chesh., Ashton ; Phil. Shirwood, 

"Walkington Yk., Bookbye; Jo. Linsay, Dent Yk., Lupton; Jo. 

Beerman, Wylton Yk., F.; Jo. Winter A.B., Holy Island -Northumb. 

Admitted 27 Jul. 1559 'post visitationem.' Rd. Longeworth^, 

1 5 Lane, F. ; Rd. Sherman, Norf., F. ; Thos. Locke, Suff., Baile ' per 

dispensationem visitatorum.' 27 Dec. 1559. Leon. Pilkington, 'a 

morte uxoris mese restitutus eram socius senior et concionator hujus 

collegii per regies visitatores.' 

Admitted 6 Apr. 1560. Thos. Jefferay, Richm., Ashelon; Thos. 
20 Cartv\nright, Herts, i*'. ; Jo. Winter, Northumb., ^s7itow; Dan. Wythi- 

poU, Ess., Keyton; Geoffrey Johnson, Line, Keyton; Geo. Bond, 

Line, Fell; Jo. Dakins, Derb., Balie; Edward Bukley^, Staff., F.; 

Gilb. liio\me,Yk., Rokshye ; Cristofer Smith, Hunts, JF". ; Jo. Andrews, 

Suff., F. ; Jo. Richardes, Denb. ex dioc. Bang., F. ; Jo. Dowke, Yk., 
25 Halytreholme ; Rog. Foster, Norf., F.; Wm. Palmer, Notts, F. 

Admitted 27 Mar. 1561. Roland Burrell, Northumb., F.; Jo. 

Bacon", Suff., Basford; Edward Lewkenor'', Suss., Cunstable; Thos. 

Randall, Hunts, F.; Jas. Thwates^, Westmor., F. ; Edward Hansbye, 

Yk., F. ; Wm. Gylberd, Ess., Simpson ; Thos. Drant, Line, Thymhle- 
30 %^/ Jo. Dime, Staff., Basford; Jo. Gi'undie^, Lane, F.; Ste. Cardi- 

nall, Ess., F. ; Wm. Lunt, Suff., Bookeshe ; Rob. Holgait, Yk., F. ' se- 

nioritate reservata.' 

Admitted 18 Mar. 15621". 01. Carter, Richm., Roiikshe; Gilb. 

Holme, Yk., Lupton ^ et pro schola Sedhurgensi ;' Jo. Byrriman, Yk., 
35 Halitree Holme. Admitted 19 Dec. 1562. Jo. Twidall, Line, F. 

' soe et concionator per injunctionem domini visitatoris ;' Jo. Daub- 

ney". Line, 'soe etc' [as Twidall], 

^ [This year the diocese is named ^ Jo. Becon admissus cancellarius„ 

in each case instead of the county.] Norvic. an. 1575. 

^ [This year the form runs : ' natus 7 Postea equestri dignitate or- 

in villa de Feversham com. Cantii.'] natus. V. epitaph. 

3 [Foundation scholar 6 Nov. ^ [Lupton scholar 10 Nov. 1557.] 

1551.] ^ 9 Mali 1582 inductus ad rec- 

^ [Keyton scholar 6 Nov. 1550.] toriam de Cressingham Mag. in dioc. 

^ Vir doctus, si idem sit qui scrip- Norvic. 

sit epistolam Geo. Buchanano, an. ^^ [Must he 156^; for in that year 

1580. [Bulkeleus when admitted election Monday fell on 16 March.] 

scholar for card. Morton 1555.] " [Proctor 1567.] 



Admitted 31 Mar. 1563. Thos. Smythe, Hunts, F. ; Laur. Riley, 
•Lane, F. ; Jo. Quarles, Midds, F. ; Nic. Robinson, Notts, F. ; Wm. 
Clark, JSTorthants, F. ; Mich. Henneage, Midds, F. ; Rob. Rhodes, Yk., 
Cunstable; Thos. Wrothe, Ess., F. ; Ant. Woodward, Midds, F. ; 
Cristofer Kyrkland, Westmor., F. ; Gabr. Ducket, Wesfcmor., F. ; Edm. 5 
Lewkenor, Suss., F.; Eras. Gartside, Cambr., Gregso?i; Christofer 
Fowll, Yk., Halytreholme ; Rob. Holland, Yk., F.; Jo. Lawson, 
Richm., F. 

Admitted 26 Mar. 1564. Wm. Eulce, Lond., F. 'soc. et conciona- 
tor;' Edward Grenewodd, Yk., ^5Ato7^; Rd. Fawcet, Beds, Z^y9^(9^^ lo 

Admitted 11 Apr. 1565. Geo. Joye, Cauterb., F.; Thos. Procter, 
Staff., F.; Jo. Sone, Kent, F. ; Thos. Barbar, Midds, Kayton; Alex. 
Kay^, Lane, F.; Laur. Wassliiugtone, Lane, Ashton; Ambr. Copin- 
ger, Suff., F?' 

Admitted 4 Apr. 1566. Lewis WiUiams, Anglesey, F.; Thos. 15 
Leache, ll\mi&,Fell; Wm. Lakin3,Warw.,i^.; Walt. Barker 4, Midds, 
F. ; Thos. Wyllinson, Lane, Keyton; Andr. Brednam alias Lacy, Norf., 
F. ; Wm. Halt, Kent, F. ; Jas. Taylere, Yk., F. 

Admitted 21 Mar. 1567'. Abell Smythe, Hunts, F. ; Wm. Ham- 
beus**. Line, Keyton; Matt. Hulme, Midds, F.; Jo. Knewstub'', 20 
Westmor., F.; Geo. Caius, Richm., Ashton; Edward Ellis, Line, F.; 
Jo. Wolfendeu, Lc;nc., Ashton; Hen. Hiccroste, Hants ^, F. ; Wm. 
Wright, Herts, F.; Thos. Laurence, Salop, Bayley ; Rob. Bolton, 
Lane, Ashton; Edm. Francklin, Norf., Gragston; Wm. Eulco, Midds, 
F. 'soc. et concionator.' 25 

Admitted 10 Apr. 1568. Morril Faukner, Lond., Tliimblebe; 
Christopher Webbe, Kent, F. hp. Ely's felloio; Jo. Waters, Cambr., 
F.; Wm. Crosthwat, Northurab., AsJteton; Jo. Langworth, Wore, 
F.; Geo. Still", Line, F.; Phil. Stringer 1°, Bucks, F.; Rob. Smith, 
Yk., Halytriholme ; Thos. Beuuet, Chesh., F.; Elias Mode, Heref., 30 

Admitted 16 Mar. 15y§. Eras. Garthsyd, Lane, 'soeet conciona- 
tor,' Gregson; Jo. Lawson, Richm., 'soc. et concionator,' F.; Laur. 
Wasshington, Lane, F. ; Rd. Faucet, Beds, ' soc. et concionator,' Luj)- 
ton; Edm. Robinson, Richm., F.; Wm. Coell, Suff., F.\ Rob. Joy, 35 
Kent, Keyton; Edward Mawde, Yk., F.; Hen. Grenwood, Yk., F. ; 

^ Cfficus natus. Regr. acad. 1564. i Nov. 1561.] 
'Caecus et tamen concionator. ^ Notug vir, rector de Cockfield 

^ [Here follow in the register the com. Suffolc, institutus ibidem Ang. 

list of lecturers and examiners ap- 17 an. 1579. Obiit Maii 29, 1624, 

pointed 5 Sept. 1562.] sepultus Maii 31. Natus apud 

3 [Proctor, 1579.] Kirkby-Stephen. 

* Obiit anno 1576. ^ [Originally wi-itten Wintonien- 

■ 5 [i. e. 156^, when election Mon- sis.] 
day fell on 17 Mar.] ^ Geo. Still frater Jo. Still postea 

^ [Baker reads Hambans ; but see preefecti. Obiit an. 1585. 

his admission a^ foundation scholar ' 1° Ph. Str. postea bedellus. 

A.D. 1563—1577. 


Edward Alvey, Notts, F.; Edm. Price, Asaph, R; Hen. Copinger^ 
Suflf., F.; Hugh Broughton^ Salop, F. 

Admitted 6 Apr. 1571. Jo. Coct, Midds, Berisford; Hen. Hick- 
man », Midds, F. ; Jo. Fawcet, Yk., Rookeshe; Rd. Some, Norf., Grig- 
5 son; Andr. Downes, Salop, Baylye. 

Admitted 28 Mar. 1572. Dan. Munsey^, Cambr., F. [Vixit soc. 

■ usque ad an. 1619. Note in old hmid.'] Jo. Duffeyld^, Loud., F. ; Jo. 

MajTe, Chesh., F. ; Jo. Pratt, Herts, F. ; Jas. Hyll, Lane, F. ; Laur. 

Staynton^, Westmor., Symson; Sam. Tod J, Herts, F] 

lo Admitted 12 Mar. 157§. Thos. Atkinson, Yk., Lwpton; Fras. 

Holt, Lane, Grigson; Pet. Magson, Yk., Ashton; Rob. Boothe, 

Chesh., F.; Everard Digbye^, Rutl., F.; Jas. Wylford, Kent, Keton; 

Jo. Palmer^, Kent, F.; Andr. Bordman, Lane, F.; Dan. Lindsell, 

Heref., F.; Wm. Harrison, Norf., F.; Laur. Deyose^", Salop, F.; Jo. 

15 Lange, Richra., F. Admitted 1573". Jas. Smithe^^, Notts, Keyton; 

Wm. Winfold, Derb., Berisforde; Simon Robson, Durh., Ashton. 

Admitted 25 Mar. 1574". Ant. Higgin", Lane, Ashton; Edm. 
Robertes, Kent, F. ; Hen. Dickenson, Lane, Ashton. 

Admitted 1577. Jo. Robinson, Cambr., F.; Wm. Flemyng, Fell; 
20 Rd. Foxcroft, Yk., F.; Edward Smyth, Yk., Halytreholme; Edward 
Sedgwick, Hunts, F. ; Fras. Snel, Yk., F. ; Wm. Wilkinson, Yk., Ash- 
ton; Sam. Hodgeson, Lend., F.; Geo. Higgin, Lane, Grigson; Wm. 
Bayly, Lond., ThimUebye ; Hen. Alvey ^^, Notts, F.; Rd. Webster, 
Salop, F. ; Rob. Redmayne, Richm., F. ; Rd. Claiton, Lane, F. ; Jas. 
25 Howland, Lond., i^. ; Nathanael Knox^*^, Richm., i^.; Hen. Nelson^", 
Yk., Lupton. 

^ Postea coll. Ma-rd. praefectus, 
quo tamen honore exf idit. 

2 Translatus hinc ad collegium 
Christi; canon. Dunelm., notus vir. 

3 Vicarius generalis episcopi Pe- 
troburg. 2 Oct. 1587. 

* Obiit rector de Torington. 

^ [See the admissions of scholars 
8 Nov. 1566, where he calls himself 
Duffeyldus; Baker reads Duffents, 
which is certainly wrong. Jo. Duf- 
field B.D. occurs preb. Lond. ult. 
Feb. i57|. Hardy's Le Neve, 11. 

^ Decanus Lincoln. 

7 [Here Wm. Bradley, Yk., began 
to sign ; but the name has been rub- 
bed out.] 

8 E. Dygbye pater Ev. Digby mi- 
litis ; scripsit libros nonnuUos quo- 
rum catalogus alibi exhibetur. 

^ Decanus Petroburg. an. 1598. 

■^° Laur. Deyos, auctor concio- 
num, conjugatus, septem liberorum 
pater, egenus vixit anno 1607. 

" [1574 should be 1575, for in 
that year election Monday fell on 
■21 March; whereas in 1574 it fell 
on the 29th. Possibly the admis- 
sions of Smythe, "Winfold and Eob- 
son fell in 1574.] 

^2 Jac. Smith rector de Crumwell 
dioc. Ebor. Obiit socius CantabrigiEe 
Mali 5*° anno 1580. 

^^ Decanus Rippon, 

^^ Hen. A. obiit Jan. 25 an. 
1626 Cantabrigiae. V. Usher's Let- 
ter 117. 

^^ Nath. Knox filius (ni fallor) natu 
major Joan. Knox; bini enim ejus 
filii admissi erant CantabrigiEe. 

^^ Rector de Hougham, com. Line, 



Admitted ult. Feb. 157|. Otwell Hill, Lane, F. 'regia authori- 
tate.' Admitted 1579. Theodore Becon, Norf., F. 

Admitted 22 Mar. 15|^. Edward Wollaston, Staff, F. [mortuus 
28 Septembris 1591, sepultus in collegio Divi Jo.]; Eleazer Knox\ 
Richm., Keyton [mortuus in vigilia Pentecostes, 1591, in sacello se- 5 
j)ultus]; Edward Chapman, Kent, F. [mari submersus Januarii 4, 

Admitted 158^ Rd. Mote^, Yk., Fell; Rog. Morrell, Lond., 
Keyton; Arth. Jhonson, Westmor., F.; Hen. Bowes, Richm., F.; 
Jo. Boise, Suffi, F. ; Thos. Pylkyngton, Derb., F. ; Edward Seamier, i o 
Northants, F. ; Abr. Franse, Salop, F. ; Thos. Smith, JSTorthants, F. ; 
Thos. Beech, Lane, Ashton; Rd. Harris, Salop, Berisford; Jo. 
Herrison, Yk., Lupton; Jo. Sowthouse, Norf., Grigson. 

Admitted 20 Mar. 158§. Brian Tailor, JSTotts, i^. ; Jo. AUenson, 
Durh., i^. ; Rodulph Furnes, Yk., i?ooA;e56^■^. i5 

Admitted 10 Apr. 1584. Wm. Holland, Asaph, ex com. Denb., 
Dr Gwyn; Thos. Playfere^, Lond., F.; Jo. Gwyn, Asaph, com. 
Denb., Dr Gwyn ; Wm. Belett, Cornw., F. ; Christopher Powell, 
Heref., F. ; Thos. Bendes, Yk., Halytreholme. 

Admitted 30 Mar. 1585. Sam. Goodere, Ess., F. Admitted 13 20 
June 1585. Rd. Cox^, Cambr., F. 'authoritate regia, sede vacante 
episcopi Eliensis.' 

Admitted 23 Mar. 158|. Wm. Billingsley, Midds, F. ; Geo. Ben- 
sor, Westmor., F.\ Thos. Coke, Derb., F. "Admissio M" Grant 16° 
Maii 1586. [repeated in the same terms 1 Ajjr. 1587. Both struck 25 
through with a pen.] Ego Paulus Grantus Eboracensis admis- 
sus sum socius huius Collegii pro magistro Johanne Thurlestono 
et Alicia Grant, hac conditione, ut ius socii mihi perpetuum maneat, 
si modo intra anni huius spatium, videlicet ab hoc ipso die suppu- 
tando ante eundem revolutum, tum hsec eorum fundatio (conditio- 30 
nibus apud magistrum reservatis) fuerit absoluta, tum Collegium hoc 
pacatam possessionem habuerit terrarum fundorum et reddituum 
perpetuorum, quibus (ratione fundationis istius) et Collegii indem- 
nitati tuto consulatur et statutis nostris vere satisfiat. Aliter ut 
hoc omne ius mihi cum eodem hoc anno termmetur." 3 5 

1 Eleazar Knox, filius Jo. Knox designatnr de Braintree, Essex, 
Scoti. Vicaria de Clacton Magna ^ Postea professor pro doniina 
com. Essex vacavit per mortem EI. Margareta. Erat ei magnum in- 
Knox Jul. 23 an. 1591. genium, non sine mixtura dementise. 

2 [Beside the above notes there are Obiit non satis mentis sanus an. 
inserted in the register the following 1608, sepultus in ecclesia S^i Bo- 
in contemporary hands : 'HAVETE tulphi Eebr. 3, ubi habetur splen- 
E. K. et E. C — ' Vivite, quos multi didum epitaphium. V. in altero vol. 
lugebant morte peremptos.' — ' haue \Aih.Cant. ii. 514.] 

E. K. et tu E. C] « Filius secmidus Eic. Cox epi- 

3 R. Mote S. T. P. 1622. Tutor scopi Elien. See MS. Vol. xxxiv. 
Gul. Piatt arm., cujus testamento p. 353. 

A.D. 1578, 9—1596, 7. 291 

Admitted 7 Apr. 1587. Wm. Pratte, Herts, F.; Wm. Hall, 

Line, F. ; Thos. Bernlier, Warw., F. ; Rob. Boothe, Notts, F. ; Jo. 

Nevinsoii, Cumb., F. ; Rd. Wandesford, Riclim., F. ; Wm. Adamson, 

Staff., Baylye; Hen. Hudson, Cumb., Symson; Morgan Gauding, 

5 Dors., F. 

Admitted 29 Mar. 1588. Hen. Briggs, Yk., Assheton. 

158f .^ Humfr. Hamon, Kent, F. ' authoritate regia^ sedo 
vacante episcopi Eliensis ;' Wm. Nelson, Yk., Cunstable; Wm. Har- 
ries, Salop, i^. ; Rob. Hill ^, Derb., Berisforde; Owen Gwyn, Denb., 
^o X)r Gwyn. 20 Mar. 1589*. Abdias Assheton^, Lane., Grigson; 
Wm. Motterslied, Northants, F.; Jo. Cupper, Oxf., F.; Jo. Hook, 
Suss., F.; Geo. Buddie, Line., F. 

Admitted 10 Apr. 1590. Geo. Gowldman, Norf., Gregson; Greg. 
Newton, Lane, Ashton; Wm. Peachye*^, Ess., F.; Jas. Crowther, Yk., 
15 i^.; Rob. llQ\)\Qiyfhxdi,Y\., HeUethwait ; Edward Sparcke, Leic., i^. ; 
Ste. Thomson, Yk., F. ; Christopher Foster, Cambr., Thimhlebye. 

Admitted 26 Mar. 1591. Val. Carey, Northumb., F. 

Admitted 17 Mar. 159^. Thos. Morton, Yk,, Key ton; Edward 
Alvey, Leic., F. ; Jo. Dovie, Wore., F. ; Rob. Spalding'', Yk., Rooksbie; 
20 Hugh Baguley, Notts, F. 

Admitted 6 Apr. 1593. Pet. Bindles, Westmor., F.; Randulf 
Woodcocke, Chesh., F.; Val. Wood, Northumb., F.; Thos. Turner, 
Kent, F.; Rd. Hoorde, Salop, F.; Rob. Whithara, Lane., Ashton; 
Jo. Goodwyn, Staff., F. ; Reginald Brathwaite, Lane, Fell. 
25 Admitted 19 Jan. 159f^. Wm. Crashawe^ Yk., F. 'authoritate 
regia, sede vacante episcopi Eliensis.' Admitted 21 Mar. 159f. Jo. 
Gaudinge, Dors., F.; Hen. Herdson, Notts, Keiton; Jas. Nelson, 
Yk., Lupton; Nat. Wibarne^, Northants, F. 

Admitted 11 Apr. 1595. Wm. Bourne, Staff., Baly. 
30 Admitted 18 Mar. 159f. Clem. Heigham, Suff.,i^. ; Leon. Burton^\ 
Yk., Lupton; Thos. Horsmanden, Kent, F. ; Christopher Metcalf, 
Richm., F. 

' [The words 'Admissio sociorum' Lane, Roberto comiti Essex a sa- 

are wanting here and below.] cris, cujus vitam scripait, eique in 

2 V. literas regias in libro nigro, extremis fideliter assistebat. Scrip- 
f. 339. sit etiam vitam Gul. Whitaker. 

3 Archidiac. Gloces. 1602. Qu. ^ Vicarius de Okeham com. Rutl., 
Erat rector S*i Earth. Londin. ubi obiit 1643. 

•* [So, without 'admissio soci- '' Postea Hebraic, literarum pro- 

orum.' The year must be 158!, for feasor. Inter translatorea Bibl. oc- 

in that year the day of election currit. 

(Monday after fifth Sunday in Lent) ^ Notus autor. 

fell on 17 March, Probably all the ^ Pilius (ut opinor) Percivalli W., 

other elections of this year (except natus Whistonse com. North, 

perhaps Hamon's, by mandate) be- i" Rector de Cressingham Mag. 

long to the same 20 March.] dice. Norw. 20 Julii 1607. 

" Hector de Middleton in agro 



Admitted 7 Apr. 1598. Rd. Senhouse', Cumb., Simson; Rd. 
Hutchinson, Durh., Ashton; Wm. Woorship, Leic, F. ; Jo. Collins^, 
Surr., F. ; Rob. Lane, Norf., F. 

Admitted 30 Mar. 1599. Mart.. Briggs, Yk., F. ; Rd. Taller, Yk., 
F; Rob. Allott^, Yk., i^. 5 

Admitted 14 Mar. ifgg-. Yal. Carey^, Nortlimnb., Fell. 

Admitted 3 Apr. 1601. Thos. CecUP, Wore, i^. ; Rob. Ne^n rear, 
Kent, F.; Rd. Sibbs, Suff., F.; Wm. Bralthwait, Lane, F.; Edm. 
Casse, Yk., F.; Hen. Taller, Line, F.; Phil. Kettle, Norf., Grigson; 
Lam-. Burnell, Notts, F. ; Rd. Carryer, Hunts, F. lo. 

Admitted 26 Mar. 1602. Thos. Walkington, Line, F.; Wm. 
Dodd, Chesh., F. ; Tim. Hlgginson, Lele, F. ; Mark Mott, Ess,, F. ; 
Jo. Grace, Notts, Keyton; Wm. Hansbie, Cumb., F.; Rob. Mayre, 
Yk., Lupton. 
• Admitted 14 Apr. 1603. Eras. Rollinson, Derb., F.; Jas. Asshe- 15 
ton. Lane, Asheton; Jo. Langley, Lane, Asheton; Jer. Holte, SufF., 
F. ; Ant. Tompson, Westmor., Hebltwhaite; Jo. Williams, Bang., F. 

Admitted 30 Mar. 1604. Rd. Chambers, Durh., Ashton. 

Admitted 22 Mar. 160f. Ambr. Clive, Chesh., F.; Thos. Spell, 
Rutl., F. ; Dap. Horsmanden, Kent, F. ; Geo. Snell, Dev., F. ; Pet. 20 
Bulkley«, Beds, F. 

Admitted 10 Mar. 160|. Thos. Swift, Line, Balye 'mandate 
regis.' Admitted 10 Ajir. 1606. Chas. Lawson, Yk., Ashton; Rob. 
Metcalfe'', Yk., Rookeslye; Edward Sutton, Norf., Grigson; Thos. 
Smith, Cambr., Lupton. 25 

Admitted 27 Mar. 1607. Jo. Snell, Yk., F.; Rob. Jenlson, North- 
umb., F. hp. Ely's fellow; Jas. Lively, Rlchm., F.; Ste. Haxbye, Yk., 

Admitted 15 Mar. 160|. Jo. Price, Denb., JDr Gwin; Thos. 
Henshawe, Midds, Keyton; Bmman. Vtie, Yk., Halitrehalme. 30 

Admitted 6 Apr. 1609. Jas. Cooper, Lane, Ashton: Thos. Lay- 
feild, Westmor., F.; Ra. Hansbye^, Cumb., F.; Wm. Olerenshawe, 
Derb., Berisford; Arth. Huttonn, Richm., F. ; Eras. Cooper, Sedberg, 
Hehlethwayte ; Rob. Dawsonn^, Westmor., Ltqjtonn. 

Admitted 30 Mar. 1610. Andr. Woodes, Salop, F. ; Thos. Buckley, 35 
Lane, Grigson; Wm. Beeston, Rutl., F.; Eras. Magson, Lane, Fell; 
Rob. Mason 1", Midds, F:; Wm. Wright, Derb., F. 

1 Decanus Glocest. an. 162 1 ; epi- ® V. Hist, of New Engl, by C[ot- 
scopus Carliol. an. 1624. ton] M[atlier], L. 3, p. 96 etc. Na- 

2 Professor medic. tus apiid Woodhill com'. Bedf. Jan. 

3 Medicinas professor longe expe- 31, 1582. 
rientissimus ac peritissimus (e notis ^ Professor Hebr. 

Joan. Bois [cf. Peck, Desid. Cur. ® V. Thoroton, Anfiq.Nott.p.500. 

lib. 8. p. 54 § 14]. 9 Postea episcopus Clonfertensis 

4 Preb. Lincoln. B[rowne] W[il- et Duacensis. 

lis]. ^"^ Obiit Bathoniae, sepultus ib. an. 

5 Prebend Lincoln. B[rowne]W[il- 1662, eetat. 73. V. Antiq. Bath, 
■lis]. [1719- PP- 242, 243]- 

A.D. 1598-1623, 4. 293 

Admitted 15 Mar. 161f Rd. Elcockei, Chesh., F.; Edward 
Young, Herts, F. ; AVm. Martiall, Notts, Keeton. 

Admitted 3 Apr. 1612. Rd. Hodgson, Lond., F.; Theoph. 
Vaughan, Ess., F. ; Geo. Bunnington, Derb., Bayly. 

Hactenus registrum vetus, quod terminatur in hoc anno. 

Ex registro alteroincipiente an. 1613. 

Admitted 26 Mar. 1613. Jo. Simonds, Suff., F.; Rd. Houlds- 

worth, Northumb., F.; Rob. Gwyan, Asaph, Dr Gwynne; Jo. 

Weekes, Dev., F. 
lo Admitted 12 Apr. 1614. Raphael! Renniger, Hants, F.; Sam, 

Whincop^, Beverley, Holitreholme ; Hen, Donhault, Northants, i^. ; 

Thos. Thometon, Lane., Ashion; Rob. Chambers, Durh,, Ashton; 

Thos. Blechinden, Kent, F. ; Rob. Bailes, Durh., F. 

Admitted 22 Mar. 161|. Wm. Bodurda, Caernarv., F.; Ra. 
15 Coates, Richm., F.; Amias Riddinge, Cambr., Thimblebee; Edm. 

Porter 3, Wore, F. ; Ant. Middleton, Suss., F. ; Rd. Hinde, Ess., F. ; 

Wm. Younge, Herts, F. 

Admitted 10 Apr. 1617. Jo. Thompson *, Ess., F. Admitted 30 

Sept. 1617. Jos. Thurston, Ess., F. 'vigore regiarum lit.' 
20 Admitted 27 Mar. 1618. Jo. Skelton, Cumb., F.; Dan. Ambros, 

Lane., i^e^; Thos. Fothergill, Westmor., F.; Mich. Henshawe, Staff,, 

Bayly e; Edward Lloyd, Denb., Dr Gioyn. 

Admitted 19 Mar. 161f. Jo. Allot, Yk., F. hp. Ely's fellow; 

Leon. Smelt, Rich,, F. 
25 Admitted 7 Apr. 1620. Geo. Seton, Scotl., 'mandate regie;' 

Edward Holmes, Yk., Ashton; Rutland Snoden, Notts, Kayton ; 

Sam. Peachie, Rutl,, F. ; Wm. Woode, Northumb., F. ; Clem. Woorts, 

Norf., Grigson. 

Admitted 23 Mar. 162f. Thos. Hurtt, Notts, Berisforde. 
30 Admitted 12 Apr. 1622. Tim. Hutton, Richm., Lupton ; Pet. 

Senhouse, Cmnb., Simpson; Thos. Tirwhitte', Line, F. ; Thos. 

Glover, Lane, Ashton. 

Admitted 1 Apr. 1623. Rob. Garland, Line, F.: Jo. Hanchett, 

Herts, F.; Jo. Johnson, Yk., Rookshy. 
35 Admitted 19 Mar. 162|. Geo. Harryes, Surr., F.; Ra. Carr, 

Northumb., F. ; Thos. Comyn, Durh., F. ; Thos. Displin, Norf., Grig- 
son ; Rob. Marshall, Derb., F. 

1 Obiit Jul. 21, 1630. diosus juris civilis; locum tenet socii 

2 Filius Tho. Whiacop conciona- per dispens. reg. an. reg. Car. 2'^°. 
toris ibidem. ^ Tho. Tirwhitt S.T.P. admissus 

^ Canon. Norv. auctor librorum. est ad rectoriam de Torington an. 

^ Electus burgensis Cantabr, in 1661; vacavit per mortem T. T. 

com. parliament. 37 Jan. 162^. Stu- Maii 10, 1666. 


Admitted 6 Apr. 1625. Jo. Barret, hp. of Lincoln^; Eras. Ble- 
chyiiden, F.; Wm. Mostyn, hp. of Lincoln^. 

Admitted 31 Mar. 1626. Jo. Garland, Line, F.; Sam. Coxe, 
Suff., F.; 01. Dand, Notts, Keyton; Jo. Robinson^ Richm., F. ; Edm. 
Lacock, Notts, Keiton; Pet. Clark, Yk., Hcditreholme ; Jo. Went- 5 
worth, Yk., Ashton; Cardel Goodman, Herts, Jo. hp. Line. 

Admitted 16 Mar. 162f. Tlio. Mason, Midds, F. ; Rob. Nicholson, 
Northumb., F.; Wm. Inglett, Dev., F.; Jo. Willmgton, Warw., 

Admitted 4 Apr. 1628. Ant. Coniers, Durh., i^. ; Arth. Herne,'^° 
Dev., F. ; Walt. Littleton, Staff., F. 

Admitted 25 Mar. 1629. Hen. Bodnrda, Caernarv., Dr Gwin; 
Allen Henman*, Kent, F. ; Hen. Younge, Herts, F. ; Rd. Bulkeley, 
Anglesea, F. ' regia autoritate admissus in locmn proximum vacatu- 
I'um ex parte australi.' 1 5 

Admitted 18 Mar. 16|§. Abr. Caley, Suff., F.; Jo. Ambrose, 
Lane, Griggson; Rd. Wyseman, Ess., F. ; Edward Peyton, Suff., F. 

Admitted 5 Feb. 163^. Rd. Wortley, Ess., F. hy royal mandate, 
' in locum proximo vacaturum ; ita tamen ut nihil inde emolument! 
recipiam, donee contigerit huiusmodi aliquem locum pro domina fun- 20 
datrice actu vacari.' Admitted 10 Apr. 1631. Tim. Hutton, Durh., 
Ashton; Wm. Broxolme, Staff., Basford. Admitted 13 Sejit. 1631. 
Wm. Becher, Beds, F., ' autlioritate regia, sede vacante ei^iscopi 

Admitted 23 Mar. 163|^. Jo. Grenehalgh, Lane, Ashton. 25 

Admitted 9 Apr. 1633. Hen. Fallowfeild, Westmor., F. ; Pet. 
Lane, Norf., Grigson; Rd. Cooper, Yk., F. 

Admitted 27 Mar. 1634. Jo. Rogers, Midds, F. 'designatus per 
regias literas ad com. Derbise^.' Jo. Hay, Scotl. F., 'designatus per 
reg. lit. ad com. Cumbrite ;' Wm. Choune, Suss., F. hp. Ely's fellow ,-30 
Jo. Petter, Midds, F.; Thos. Wombwell*, Yk., Constable; Edm. 
Thorold, Notts, Fell; Jo. Cleiveland, Leic, Hehlethwaite. Admitted 
6 Sfepfc. 1634. Hen. Maisterson, Chesh., F., 'ex regio mandate.' 

Admitted 19 Feb. 163f. Jo. Jude", Ess., F. (as Wortley above, 
163f). Admitted 19 Mar. 163^. Hugh Pryse, Asaph, Dr Gtcyn; 35 
Wm. Rogers, Flint, Jo. hp. Line. Admitted 27 Jun. 1635. Allen 
Henman and Jo. Wentworth ' legistse ' by the mr. and major part of 
the seniors. 

1 "Memorandum that this place * Ejected an. 1650 for not sub- 
is for ever hereafter to be succeeded scribing the engagement. 

out of one of the two schollers of the 5 "Non designatus ad ullum par- 
Lord Byshopp his foundation." ticularem com. per reg. lit., sed in 

2 "Memorandum that this place is genera ad com. unum e borealibus. 
for ever hereafter to be succeeded out Yide ipsas Ht. reg. in libro nigro lite- 
of one of the two schollers of Wales rarum, pag. 324." Note in register. 
for the Lo. Byshoppe of Lyncolne." 6 Jq j^(jg procurator an. 1643. 

3 Natus apud Rookby. Qbiit ante April. 12, 1644. 

A.D. 1625—1644. 295 

Admitted 5 Apr. 1636. Rd. Wrench, Cliesh., F., 'per reg. lit. ad 
com. Derbiae ^; Wm. Lacy, Yk., Haletreholme ; Jo. Barwick, Westmor., 

Admitted 27 Feb. 163f TIios. Choune, Suss., F. bp. Ely's fellow.- 

5 Admitted 29 Mar. 1637. Rob. Clarke^, Yk., Rookbij; Wm. Allot, 

Yk., F.; Jo. Bm-nell, Notts, Keyton; Fras. Bratliwaite, Westmor., 

F.; Wm. Richardson, Durh., F. Admitted 24 Jul. 1637. Jo. Top- 

pinge^. Line, F. hp. Ely's felloic. 

Admitted 13 Mar. 163|. Jo. Whittingham, Heref. F. 'ita tamen 
I o ut emohimenta percipiat miUa, priusquam actu vacaverit locus ;' 
Reginald Burdyn, Beds, F. ; Ant. Woods, Yk., AsTiton; Wm. Win- 
terburne, Yk., Ashton; Geo. Spooner, Richm., F. 

Admitted 2 Apr. 1639. Thos. Rigby, Lane, Lupton; Wm. 

Bullok, Derb., F. Admitted 12 Aug. 1639. Rob. Waideson, Richm., 

15 'in perpetuum soc. huius coll. pro dom. fundatrice quemcunque a 

prime proximum per lit. reg. :' admitted 'legista' bymr. and majority 

of seniors 13 Aug. 1639. 

Admitted 24 Mar. 16fg-. Jo. Otwaye, Yk., Lupton. Admitted 
2 Nov. 1640. Jo. Cleiveland as 'legista' imanimously. 
20 Admitted 15 Apr. 1641. Wm. Horbery, Notts, Keyton; Rog. 
Jones, Salop. F.\ Zach. Cawdrey, Leic, H-.; Wm. Barwicke, Suff., 
Lupton; Geo. Hutton, Durh., Ashton. 

Admitted 27[?] Mar. 1642. Wm. Morgan, Monm., Ip. Line. 
Admitted 9 Nov. 1642. Jo. Hard war, Norf., 'in exhibitionem primi 
25 socii ex fundatione Mri. Mount-Stephens, una cum iis privilegiis (et 
non aliis) quae in eadem fundatione habentur.' 

Admitted 17 Mar. 164|. Jo. Boteler^, Beds, F. Admitted 20 

Mar. 164|. Hen. Hatton, Northants, F.; Sam. Drake, Yk., F. 

Admitted 23 Mar. 164§. Humphr. Neale, Hants, F.; Rd. Beresford, 

30 StaflF., Beresford; Edward Watts, Herts, F. ; Edvrard Stoyte, Derb., 


Admitted 25 Mar. 1643. Isaac Worrall, Kent, F.., 'ita tamen ut 
emolumenta nulla percipiam, priusquam actu vacaverit locus.' Suc- 
cessit Mro. Coates. 
•^^ Admitted 19 June 1644, Jas. Mowbray •', Line, F. Admitted 20 
Sept. 1644. Jas. Creswick*', Yk., F.; Sam. Heron'', Lmc, F.; Jo. 
Houseman®, Lane, F. [The e. of Manchester, by order dated 11 Juno 
1644, directed that Thos. Hodges, M.A., Thos. Lawson, M.A., Jas. 

1 " Ad nuUum particularem com. Neale, Hatton, Beresford, Boteler, 

(nedum Derbise) designatus. Yide Watts, Stoyte, Drake.] 

ipsas lit. reg. lib. nig. literarum, p. ^ [Admitted in Tirwhit's place, 

348." Note, in register. who refused the covenant. Eegr. p. 

^ Ejected an. 1650 for not sub- 410, 411.] 

scribing the engagement. ® [In Mason's place, Eegr. 411, 

3 See Prynne's Canterb. Doome, 412.] 

p. 5^. '' [In Cooper's place. Ibid.] 

* [The order in the register is : ^ [In Spooner's place.] 


Mowbray, M.A., and Wm. Elliott, B.A., who liad been examined and 
approved by the assembly of divines should be admitted in place of 
Thornton, Bodurda, Tirwhit and Blechenden. This was done 19 
June 1644, though only Mowbray signs in the admission book. 
Again, by order dated 16 Sept. 1644 he directed that Mr (John) Bird, 5 
Mr (Jas.) Creswicke, Mr (Jer.) Collier, Sir (Rob.) Plume, Sir (Thos.) 
Goodwin, Sir (Sam.) Heron and Sir (Jo.) Houseman, having been 
examined and approved by the assembly of divines, should be ad- 
mitted in place of Redding, Mason, Buckley, Ambrose, Greenhalgh, 
Cooper and Spooner. The last 6 of the first list took the places of lo 
the last 6 of the second list 20 Sept. 1644. By order dated 2 Nov. 
1644 the e. directed John- Pawson, coll. Sidn. to be admitted in 
Petter's place. This was done 11 Nov. 1644. On 2 Dec. 1644 Bird 
was admitted in Bidding's place.] \ 

Admitted 164|. [6 Febr. Wm. Beecher in Whittingham's ]5lace. i5 
No order for this from the e. of Manchester is preserved in the regis- 
ter. By order dated 13 Feb. 164f the earl directed (Ant.) Houlden 
to be admitted in Cleiveland's place, which was done 17 Febr. ; and 
by order dated 21 Mar. 164| he directed (Geo.) Sykes (or Sikes) to 
be admitted in Wi'ench's place, which was done 22 Mar. Register, 20 
pp. 411—413. Baker gives the same dates of admission 'e rationa- 
rio coUegii in custodia thesaurarii coUegii.'] 

Admitted 7 Apr. 1647. Hen. Byre, Yk., Greffson; Hugh Burnby, 
Northants, Grigson; Sam. Pickerhig, Northants, F.; Christopher 
Hindley, Lane, Ashton; Jo. Smelt, Richm., F.; "Wm. Crompton, 25 
Lane, F. ; Sam. Brearecliflfe, Yk., Keyton; Jo. Frost, Suff., F.; Sam. 
Brinley, Midds, F. ; Hen. Johnson, Yk., Lupton; Thos. Beadon, Som., 
F.; Jo. Bowker^, Lane, Ashton; Jo. Maisterson, Chesh., F.; Hen. 
Paman^ Suff., F. 

Admitted 3 Apr. 1650. Rd. Holden, Line, Thiinblebey; Matt. 30 
Robinson 3, Burh., F.; Jo. Starkey, Kent, Symson; Thos. Tarrey, 
Kent, Beresford; Rd. Blayklinge, Yk., Lupton; Jonas "Waterhouse*, 
Surr., F.; Laur. Fogge^, Lane, Fell; Nie BuUingham, Notts, F.-, 
Jo. Martin, Norf., elected F. ' 1 Apr. 1650, antequam admissus fuerat 
obiit;' Jo. Leigh, Suff., Ashton; Hen. Johnson, Hants, F.; Benj. 35 
South wood, Midds, A'e^/iJow; Wm. Tvvyne, Surr., i^.; Is. Grandorge**, 

1 Dec. 3, 1644. Nominatus efc Note in register. ['Ego Mattheus 
praesentatus est Petrus Barwick, A.B. Kobinson Eiclimondiensis juratus et 
ad locum sive societatem in coll. S. admissus sum in discipulum hujus 
Jo. Evang. per matrimonium Jo. collegii pro doctore Lupton.' 4 Nov. 
Topping A.M. vacantem et ad dona- 1645.] 

tionem rev. Matthsei epi. Elien. pleno * V. Calamy [Account], p. 817. 

jure spectantem etc. Eegr. Elien. ^ Ibid. pp. 708, 9. Uterque su- 

2 Coll. Emm. perstes an. 1713. 

3 Vide admiss. scholar, an. 1645, ^ Ejectus an. 1662. V. Calamy 
ubi se Bichmondiensem jurat, Q. [Account], p. 91 [and 306.] 

A.D. 164:4, 5—1656. 297 

Yk., Halitreholme ; Rob. Pleasaunce, Durh., F. Admitted 26 Apr. 
1650. Jo. Heath 1, Midds., 'in sodalitimn Mri. Topping per visita- 
tores hujus Acad.' [The order for admission of Sir Heath by the 
visitors for the university, dated 25 Apr. 1650, states that the com- 
5 mittee for reformation by order dated 27 Feb. 16|§ recommended 
Heath to a fellowship in Topping's place. They therefore (Pet. 
Smith, Thos. Martin or Martyn, Jas. Berry, Nic. West, Owen Cam- 
bridge, Is. Disbrowe) direct that Heath should have the profits of 
the fellowship from 25 Mar., and have the same seniority in the coll. 

lo as in the univ. register. The next day the visitors (except Disbrowe) 
sent an order to explain the other.— Orders of the committee for 
reformation of the universities, 19 Dec. 1650, state that Henman, 
Clarke and Wombwell, fellows of St John's, by refusing the engage- 
ment, and neglecting to appear when summoned, had forfeited their 

15 places; the college is required to admit Jo. Dalton, B.A., John 
Broadgate, B.A., and Sam. Bendy, B.A. into them. A writ from the 
king's bench (25 June an. 12 Car. 2) orders the college to restore 
Henman. " This writ was received and executed by the mr. and 
seniors 29 Jime 1660. But Mr Henman was not removed from his 

20 fellowship by the mr. and fellowes, with which they are in this writ 
charged, but by the committee for the university."] 

Admitted 7 Mar. 165f Edward Stoyte as medical fellow. Ad- 
mitted 19 Mar. 165?-. Thos. Newman, Norf., jF. ; Thos. Baker, Norf., 
F.; Geo. Wright, Richm., Ashton; Rd. Bowker, Lane, Heble- 

25 thwayte. 

Admitted 6 Apr. 1652. Wm. Hughes, Anglesea, F., 'juxta com- 
positionem nuper factam inter coll. et mrum. Hugonem Gvpyn arm., 
ita tamen ut nulla emolumenta prius recipiam, quam dictus mr Gwyn 
solvent pecuniam coUegio debitam, et electioni mese jjer mrum. et 

30 seniores consensum praebuerit, eundemque per literas suas eidem 
mro. et senioribus significaverit ;' Jo. Stilliugfleete, Dors., F. ; Sam. 
Wainewright, Derb., F. ; Dav. Morton, Derb., F. 

Admitted 31 Mar. 1653. Thos. Wynne, Denb., F., 'juxta 

arm.' (see Wm. Hughes 1652); Edward Stilliugfleete, Dors., F.; 

35 Chas. Wilson, Yk., Ashton; Edward Kenyon, Lane, F. 

Admitted 15 Mar. 165|.^ Edward D'Oyly, Norf., F. ; Christopher 
Fulthorpe, Durh., F. ; Jas. PUkington, Lane, Ashton; Thos. Briggs, 
Leic, F. 

Admitted 4 Apr. 1655. Thos. Longland, Line, F.; Rd. Carr, 

40 Y'k., Keyton ; Brian Turner, Lane, Hehlethwaite ; Jas. Chamberlaine, 
Leic, F. ; Edward Webster, Ess., F. ; Thos. Carter, Dors., Thim- 
blebee; Jo. Garlick, Derb., Bayly. 

Admitted 25 Mar. 1656. Sam. Fuller, Ess., F.; Peirce Bracken- 

1 Being presented by the com- sented his county was full, 
mittee for reformation to that fellow- ^ [Originally written 1653; cor- 

shipofthebp. of Ely's nomination, rected 1654, and so Baker reads, 

notwithstanding the college repre- But the series requires 165!.] 


bury'^, Durh., F.; Laur. Rayne, Durh., Ashton ; Jon". Bridecake, 
Lane, Ashton; Sam. Walshall [or Walthall?], Salop, F.; Jo. Arm- 
strong, Rutl, F. 

Admitted 17 Mar. 165f. Thos. Thurlin, Norf., F.; Rob. Edwardes, 
Merion. ex dioc. As., F., ' juxta compositionem factam inter collegium 5 
et magistrmn Hugonem Gwyn armigerum, ita tamen ut nulla emolu- 
menta prius recipiam, quam dictus magister Gwjti solvent pecuniam 
collegio debitam;' Jon°. Tuckney^, lime, Simpson; Thos. Cooke, Yk., 
Halitreholme ; Hen. Morland, Westmor., F.; Jo. Tomlinson, Lane., 
Lupton. 10 

Admitted 30 Mar. 1658. Jo. Wood'', Derb., Beresford; Wm. 
Crouch, Kent, F. ; Jo. Boughton, Northants, F. ; Wm. Potter, Cumb., 
Lupton. Admitted 23 Oct." 1658. Thos. Wolsey, Norf., F., 'ex 
nominatione protectoris.' 

Admitted 23 Mar. 165f. Rob. Grove, Loud., F.; Mich. Adams, 15 
Derb., Keyton; Jo. Edwards, Herts, F.\ Sam. Leeke, Notts, F.; 
Humfr. Gower, Heref., F. ; Rob. Cory, Norf., Grigson. 

Admitted 10 Apr. 1660. Thos. Davison, Northumb., F.; Dan. 
Dickenson, Lane, Fell; Thos. Broughton, Cambr., ThymbleTjee; Thos. 
Watson, Yk., Ashton; Malin Sorsbie, Yk., Constable; Jo. Peck, 20 
Staff., Beresford ; Jer. Whitaker, Rutl., F. [Orders from the e. of 
Manchester, chanc, 10 Jul., for restoring Thos. Wombwell B.D. and 
Rob. Gierke B.D. to their fellowships, from which they had been 
ejected for not subscribing the engagement. A writ from the king's 
bench, 7 Jul. an. regn. 12, for restoring Amias Readinge to his fellow- 25 
ship; received and executed 1 Aug. 1660.] Admitted 6 Sept. 1660. 
Mart. Lister, Bucks, F., ' in locum proximo vacaturmn, ita tamen ut 
emolumenta nulla percipiam priusquam actu vacaverit locus. Man- 
date regio' [the same clause in the following admissions, to Lucas 
inclusive.] ' Successit mro. Heron ;' Wm. Kings, Midds, F., ' Mar. 19, 30 
166f, reservata sibi senioritate a mro. et senioribus juxta literas 
regias.' Admitted 31 Oct. 1660. Ra. Wetherley, Northumb., 'suc- 
cessit mro. Wombwell, Constable, 16 Nov. 1661 ;' Rob. Edwardes, 
Merion. ; Thos. Broughton, Cambr., ' successit mro. Ridding, Thini- 
hleby, 11 Mar. 166J'; Malin Sorsbie, Yk., 'successit mro. Wetherley, 3j 
17 Feb. 166| ;' Jo. Lucas, Surr., ' successit mro. Henman, 17 Feb. 166|.' 
[Writ from the king's bench, 3 Nov. an. regn. 12, for restoring Jo. 
Ambrose to his fellowship and paying arrears of his dividends. ' Mr 
Ambrose was received into his fellowship by the M'. and seniors by 
virtue of this writt, but was not by them or any college act removed 40 
from his fellowship.'] 

[A similar writ, dated 12 Feb. an. regn. 13, on behalf of Thos. 
Tyrwhitt B.D. senior fellow. ' This writt was received and executed 

1 [Medical fellow, 31 Jan. i66\.] Tuckney's name : 'nota bene.'] 

2 V. Calamy [Account], p. 90. ^ gcriptor. v. Calamy [Ibid.]. 
[An old hand has written against 

A.D. 1656, 7—1675, 6. 299 

by the M'. and seniors March 2*. 1660. But M'. Tyrwhitt was not re- 
moved from his fellowship by them, or by any college act.'] 

Admitted 8 May, 1661. Thos. Briggs, ' in legistam.' Adm. 3 Jul. 
1661. Thos. Cooke, Yk. [by.royal mandate as Lister, etc. See below.] 
5 Apr. 12. 1662. 'Mem", quod communi suflfragio mri. et seniorum Jo. 
Beresforde secundum tenorem regii mandati prseelectus eratin soda- 
litium proximo vacaturum ex fundatione mri. Beresford.' Successit 
Mro. Wood. 

Admitted 17 Feb. 166|. Malin Sorsby, Yk., Constable; Jo. Lucas, 
lo Surr., F. Admitted 3 Mar. 166-|. Thos. Cooke, Yk., Haletreholme. 
Admitted 6 Mar. 166|. Jo. Beresforde, Richm., Beresford. Ad- 
mitted 7 Apr. 1663. Wm. Birkbeck, Westmor., Simpson (adm. ' legista,' 
11 Apr. 1671). 

Admitted 21 Jan. 166|. Rob. Edwards, Merion., F. Admitted 
15 30 Mar. 1664. Rd. Raines, Leic, F. 'ex mandate regis, habita dis- 
pensatione regia de comitatuum statuto f Wm. Gould, Dors., F. 
Admitted 5 May 1664. Fras. Washington, Yk,, F., ' in locum proximo 
vacaturum, habita disp.' etc. ; Sam. Howlet, Ess., F., ' ex disp. regis ;' 
Thos. Smoult, Lane, Ashton. 
20 Admitted 2 Api\ 1666. Fras. Roper, Durh., Kayton; Arth. 
Oi'chard, Dev., F. ; Wm. Saywell, Dors., F. 

Admitted 10 Mar. 166|. Thos. Cox, Surr., F.; Wm. Nichols," 
Northants, F. ; Ra. Sanderson, Northumb., F. ; Thos. Leche, Chesh., 
F. Admitted 27 Mar. 1668. Lancelot Bulkeley, Anglesea dioc. 
25 Bang., F., 'vi disp. regise.' 

Admitted 30 Mar. 1669. Jos. Johnston, Yk., Halitreholme ; Rd. 
Berry, Cambr., F. ; Yarburg Reresby, Yk., Hebilthwayte ; Chas. 
Basire, Durh., Ashton; Jo. Master, Midds, ' ex mandate regie in 
j)roximum locum vacaturum pro dom. fundatrice ; ita tamen ut nulla 
30 emolumenta percipiam priusquam locus vacaverit.' (Successit Mro. 
Lister 30 Oct. 1669); Chas. Leek, Notts, Keyton. 

Admitted 22 Mar. leff. Jon". Davison, Northmnb., F.; Thos. 
Ashenden, Kent, F. ; Rd. Oldham, Notts, F. 

Admitted 11 Apr. 1671. Thos. Pugh, Caernarv. Bang., F., 'ex 
35 dispensatione regia;' Hen. Wastell, Herts, F.; Thos. Verdon, Suff., 
F. ; Jo. Billers, Leic, Beresford; Clifford Thirlby, Notts, F. ; Sam. 
Saywell, Dors., Keyton; Phil. Tm-ner, Staff., Berisford. 

Admitted 26 Mar. 1672. Jo. Burton, Yk., Lupton; Wm. Wilkin- 
son, Richm., F. ; Jas. Stretton, Kent, F. ; Fras. Fern, Derb., Baily. 
40 Admitted 30 Oct. 1672. Jo. Thamar, Northants, F. hp. Ely's fellow. 
Admitted 18 Mar. 167t. Hugh Askew, Cumb., F.; Jo. Wright, 
Hunts, Dee; Humfr. Sandforde, Salop, F. 

Admitted 7 Apr. 1674. Josh. Ireland, Salop, i^. ; Rob. Apleford, 
Hants, F.; Thos. Aleyn, Ess., Gregson. Admitted 'legista' 30 Oct. 
45 1674. Rd. Berry, 

Admitted 23 Mar. 167|-. Wm. Ashton, Lane, Ashton; Sam. 
Croxall, Cumb., F. ; Sam. Henderson, Cumb., F. 

Admitted 14 Mar. 167f. Thos. Thomkinson, Yk., Rookhy. 


Admitted 2 Apr. 1677. Jo. Hutching, Line, F. ; Chas. Otway, 
Hants 'et Sedbergensis,' Lupton; Jo. Naylor, Richm., F. 

Admitted 18 Mar. 167|. Thos. Wright, Hmits, F. ; Thos. Browne, 
Midds, F. 

Admitted 8 Apr. 1679. Thos. Coke, Derb., F.; Wm. Fenwicke, 5 
Korthumb., F. ; Thos. Johnson, Midds, F. ; Rd. Hill, Salop, Bayly. 

Admitted 30 Mar. 1680. Geo. Dawkins, Menevensis, F.; Matth. 
Mason, Notts, F.; Rob. Jenkin, Kent, F}; 'Ego Thomas Baker 
Dunelmensis juratus et admissus sum in perpetuum socium hujus 
CoUegii pro Doctore Ashton die supra dicto ;' Josh. Bowchier, Dev., i o 
F. ; Geoffrey Shaw, Westmor., F. 

Admitted 22 Mar. 168 J. Josh. Hobson, Yk., Marm. Constable. 

Admitted 28 Mar. 1683. Rd. Bourchier, Dev., F.; Sam. Dakeyn, 
Derb., F. ; Edward Stillmgfleet, Beds, F. ; Jos. Creffeild, Ess., F. 

Admitted 18 Mar. 168f. Hen. Harward, Surr., Platte; Benj. 15 
Churchman, Leic, Platte; Alex. Horton, Derb., Platte^. 

Admitted 8 Apr. 1685. Wm. Wotton, Suff., Beresford, dec. Tur- 
ner ; Jos. Spence, Cambr., Keyton, dec. Say wel ; Jo. Newton, Line. , 
Dee; Rd. Lloyd, Salop, F.; Arth. Heron, SufiF., F. ; Hilkiah Bedford, 
Midds, PtoW; Chas. Hotham, Lane, Zm^^ow; Edward Kenyon, Lane., 20 
Grig son. 

Admitted 23 Mar. 168|. Pet. Nourse, Midds, Halitreholme, dec. 
Johnston; Wm. Bendlowes, Richm. of Sedberg school, Lupton, dec. 

Admitted 15 Mar. 168f . Hen. Wigley, Chesh., F., dec. Wilkinson ; 25 
Rog. Kenyon, Lane, Ashton, dec. Ashton. 

Admitted 5 Apr. 1688. Jo. Peareth, Northumb., F., 4 [sic] Apr., 
dec. Davison; Rd. Headlam, Yk., Ashton, dec. Dr Watson; Thos. 
Gardiner, Glouc,, F., dec. Wright ; Wm. Lake, Midds, Lupton, dec. 
Ds. Benlows; Matth. Prior 3, Midds, Keyton, dec. Roper; Mich. Theo- 30 
bald, Durh., Heblethwaite, dec. Reresby; Matth. Pearson, Richm., 
F., dec. Fenwicke. 

Admitted 19 Mar. 168f. Thos.' Davison, Durh., Plat, dec. Hor- 
ton ; Jo. Hope, Derb., Plat, dec. Churchman ; Rog. Kay, Lane, G^rz>- 
5ore, (^0C. Edw. Kenyon. or 

Admitted 1 Apr. 1691. Benj. Conway, Surr., F., dec. Jenkyn; 
Jo. Harris, Leic, F., dec. Hutchin ; Thos. Scotson, Lane, Fell, dec. 
Dickenson ; Fras. Bobbins, Kent, F., dec. Gould. 

1 "Eob. Jenkiu Cantianus de heu ! longosed proximus intervallo." 

Tennet [Thanet], filius Thomte Jen- 2 j'jj.g^ admission for Wm. Piatt 

kin, annos natus 17, literis insti- esq. 

tutus in schola Cantuarise, admissus ^ "Matt. Prior was son of a re- 

subsizator pro dre. Turner coll. mrc, putable citizen in London, where he 

tutore ejus mro, Eoper Maii 12°, was born 21 Jul. 1664. See Mr 

1674." Baker adds after Jenkin's Prior's Posthum. Works, Vol. i. 

name: "Atque hie claudo catalo- p. 2. Died at Wimpole' 18 Dec. 

gum, nam qui sequitur, Preximus, 1721." Baker. 

A.D. 1677—1702, 3. 301 

Admitted 16 Mar. 169i. Jo. Frost, Suff., Piatt; Thos. Gibbon, 
Midds, Bayly, dec. Hill ; Christopher Boughton, Midds, Piatt; Jo. 
Alsop, Derb., F., dec. Johnson; Thos. Dwyer, 'Hybernus,' Constable, 
dec. Hobson; Edm. Brome, Suff., Grigson, dec. Bs. Kay; Thos. Bos- 
5 vile, Yk., Lupton, dec. Hotham; Thos. Langford, Notts, F., dec. Ma- 
son; Jo. Savage, Rutl., F., dec. Dakeyn; "Wm. Hawkins, Surr., F., 
dec. Armstrong ; Thos. Coo, Hants, F. dec. Floyd. 

Admitted law fellow 26 Mar. 1694. Arth. Heron. Elected 26, 
admitted 27 Mar. 1694. Justinian Aylmer, Ess., Piatt, dec. Davison ; 

^^ Jo. Bowtell, Ess., Simpson, dec. Birkbeck; Geo. Barne, Midds, P^a^fJ/ 
Rob. Grove, M\d.dis, Beresford, (5?ec. Wootton ; Jo. Rayne, Line., P., 
dec. Dr Brackenbury ; Rob. Leeke, Notts, Keyton, dec. Spence ; Thos. 
Bennett, Wilts, F., dec. Boughton; Geo. Smith, Westmor., F., dec. 
Dr Stillingfleet ; Jas. Allgood, Northumb., F., dec. Bowchier. 

^5 Elected 28 Febr. 169|. Rog. Kenyon to a medical fellowship, 
dec. Dr Stillingfleet. [Theobald elected in Kenyon's place 10 June 
1696; but gave way again to Kenyon 19 Apr. 1697.] 

Elected 30 Mar. admitted 1 Apr. 1696. Rd. Marsh, Kent, F., dec. 
Stretton ; Sam. Rogers, Line, Plat, dec. Bedford ; Edw. Lovell, Ire- 

20 land, Piatt, dec. Barnes; Jo. Foulkes, Asaph, F., dec. Oldham; Thos. 
Apperley, Heref., F., dec. Pearith. 

Elected 11, admitted 12 Apr. 1698. Rob. Read, Y\..,Ashton,dec. 
Headlam ; Rd. Wilmot, Derb., Bayly, dec. Gibbon ; Wm. Edmund- 
son, Yk., Hebletwhit, dec. Theobald; Pet. Needham^, Chesh., F., dec. 

25 Wigley; Thos. Dawson, Berks, F., dec. Creffeild. 

Elected 27, admitted 28 Mar. 1699. Rob. Lambert, Yk., Gregson, 
dec. Alleyn ; Jo. Christopherson, Lane, Fell, dec. Scotson ; Wm. Per- 
kins, Norf , F., dec. Heron ; Ambrose Phillips, Salop, F., dec. Apperly ; 
Pet. Chester, Herts, F., dec. Coke. Rob. Grove admitted law fellow 

30 7 Jul. 1699. 

Admitted 19 Mar. \-^%%. Jo. Hargreaves, Northants, Dee, 
dec. Newton ; Lancelot Smith, Westmor., F., dec. Shaw ; Ste. Frewen, 
Suss., F., dec. RajTie. Admitted by the pres*. 13 Aug. 1700, 
Wm. Sterne, Notts (M.A. of 3rd y. C.C.C.C), F. hp. Ely's, fellow, 

35 dec. Thamar. 

Elected 7, admitted 9 Apr. 1701. Ant. Twyman, Kent, F., dec. 
Conway ; Rog. Rennikers, Salop, F., dec. Hawkins ; Phil. Brooke, Chesh., 
Piatt, dec. Level ; Rd. Goodwin, Derb., Baily, dec. Wilmott ; Jon". 
Hall, Durh., F., dec. Marsh; Christopher Anstey, Berks, F., dec. 

40 Alsop ; Wm. Wigmore, Cambr., Piatt, dec. Hope ; Jo. Drake, Yk,, 
Keyton, dec. Leek. 

Elected 23, admitted 24 Mar. 170^. Eras. Smales, Richm., F., dec. 
Naylour ; Chas. Bowtell, Ess., F., dec. Appleton ; Ezekiel Rouse, Dev., 
F., dec. Harris. 

45 Elected 15, admitted 17 Mar. 170§. Pet. Clark, Yk., Halltree- 
Holme, dec. Dr Nourse. 

1 "Obiit Dec. 1731." Bakeb. 


Elected 3, admitted 4 Apr. 1704. Wm. Baker, Staff., F., dec. Sa- 
vage ; Thos. Mason, Rutl, F., dec. Frewen ; Thos. Feilde, Herts, F.^ 
dec. Dawson. 

Elected 26, admitted 27 Mar. 1705. Sam. Lowe, Chesh., Piatt, 
dec. Frost ; Pawlet St John, Midds, Piatt, dec. Rogers ; Edm. Waller, 5 
Bucks, F., dec. Bennett (Waller elected medical fellow 6 Apr. 1708, 
dec. Gardiner). 

Elected 31 Mar., admitted 1 Apr. 1707. Geo. Baxter, Midds, 
Plat, (^^c. Wigmore; Geo. Oldham, Derb., F., dec. Orchard; Sam, 
Saunders, Rutl., F., dec. Twyman; Sam. Baskett, Dors., Piatt, dec. lo 
Ayliiier ; Jo. Perkins, Yk., Asheton, dec. Read ; Jo. Newcome, Line, 
F., dec. Allgood. 

Elected 22, admitted 24 Mar. 170|. Jas. Reynolds, Cambr., Dee, 
dec. Hargreaves ; Rob. Turner, Yk., Plat, dec. Basket ; Sam. John- 
ston, Yk., Plat, dec. St John; Jo. White, Northants, F., dec. Gardi- 15 
ner ; Wm. Parker, Northants, F., dec. Dr Pearson ; Jas. Maxey, Hunts, 
F., dec. Rennikers; Hen. Wotton, Warw., F., dec. Phillips; Rob. 
Smales, Richm., F., dec. Smales ; Jo. Shaw, Lane, Ashton, dec. Dr 

Elected 27, admitted 29 Mar. 1710. Levitt Pearson, Hunts, F., 20 
dec. Browne; Jos. Roper, Yk., Constable, dec. Dwyer; Rob. Allott, 
Yk., Lupton, dec. Bosvile; Wm. Hatton, Cambr., Thimhleby, dec. 
Broughton ; Rowl. Simpson, Som., P., dec. Robins ; Sam. Drake, Yk., 
Lupton, dec. Lake ; Geo. Fenwick, Leic, P., dec. Saunders. 

Elected 19, admitted 21 Mar. I7.1f. Hugh Farington, Westmor., '^^ 
P., dec. Smith sen. ; Wm. Warburfon, Bucks, F., dec. Maxey ; Hen. 
Gunning, Cambr., Piatt, dec. Lowe. 


Elected 7, admitted 8 Apr. 1712. Rob. Palmer, Line, P., dec. 
Langford ; Jos. Trebell, Midds, Dee, dec. Reynolds. 30 

Elected 23, admitted 24 Mar. 17 If. Jo. Parke, Lane, Fell, dec. 
Christopherson ; Hen. Foche, Kent, P. bp. Ely's fellow, dec. Sterne. 

Elected 15, admitted 16 Mar. I7lf. Jo. Lloyd, Salop, P., dec. 
Coo ; Hen. Rishton, Lane, Asheton, dec. Kenyon. 

Admitted Apr. 5, 1 7 1 5. Thos. Mangey \ Yk., Piatt, dec. Gmming ; 3 5 
Jo. Johnson, Kent, Keyton, dec. Drake sen. ; Christopher Lantrow, 
Dev., P., dec. Warburton ; Jo. Rigden, Kent, P., dec. Dr Thurlin ; 
Chas. Richardson, Cumb., P., dec. Mason. 

Elected 19, admitted 20 Mar. 17l|-. Eras. Whitstons, Cambr., 
Piatt, dec. Boughton ; Rob. Allott, Yk., Piatt, dec. Turner ; Wm. Grove, 40 

1 Tho. Mangey, filiua Arthur! M. sus 16 admissus est subslzator pro 

defuncti, natus apud Leeds in com. mro. Hall -28 Jun. 1704, tutore et 

Ebor., ibidemque Uteris institutus in jBdejussore ejus mro. Bosvile, 
schola libera sub mro. Dwyer, setatia 

A.D. 1704—1723. S03 

Wilts, F., dec. Dr Perkins ; Tlios. Bradfeild, Line, ThimUeby, dec. 
Hatton ; Jo. Peake, Rutl., F., dec. Needham ; Lancelot Newton, Notts, 
F., dec. Bowtell ; Phil. Williams, Cambr., F., dec. Parker. 

Elected 21 Jan. 17 If. Jo. Parke, Lane, 'juratus, admissus et 
5 restitutus sum' etc., Fell; Lancelot Newton, Notts, 'juratus, admis- 
sus, et restitutus sum' etc. F} Elected 21 Jan., admitted 22 Jan. 
17lf. Leon. Cliappelow, Ebor., Rookshy, dec. Thompkinson; Ric. 
Wilkes, Staff, F., dec. Leche ; Whitley Heald, Yk., Ashton, dec. Ba- 
ker; Thos. Hill, Yk., Flatt, dec. Baxter; Edward Wilmot, Derb., 

I o Beresford, dec. Pillars ; Rd. Monins, Kent, Flatty dec. Brooke ; Ca- 
leb Parnham, Rutl., i^., dec. Verdon; Wm. Clarke, Salop, i^., dec. 
Dawkins; Hen. Fetherstonhaugh, Cumb., F., dec. Wooton ; Thos. 
Tatham, Lane, Ashton, dec. Rishton. Elected 8, admitted 9 Apr. 
1717. Rob. AUott^, Yk., ' admissus et restitutus,' Piatt; Sam. L'Isle, 

15 Durh., F., dec. Dr Anstey; Wm. Smith, Leic, F., dec. Pearson; Ste. 
Grigman, Midds, Dee, dec. Trebell. 

Elected 31 Mar., admitted 1 Apr. 1718. Wm. Barlow, Derb., 
Piatt, dec. Mangey ; Jo. Adcock, Rutl, Piatt, dec. Johnston ; Merritt 
Dean, Suss., F., dec. Field ; Jo. Symonds, Suff., F., dec. Farington ; 

20 Rob. Leeke, Notts, F., dec. Lloyd; Rob. Robinson, Yk., Lupton, dec. 
Allot; Rd. Lloyd, Staff., Bayley, dec. Goodwin. 

Elected and admitted 16 Mar. 171 1. Jo. Russell, Northants, F., 
dec. Foulkes; Jo. Bernard, Glouc, F., dec. Dr Chester. 

Elected 4, admitted 5 Apr. 1720. Herb. Taylor, Kent, Piatt, dec. 

25 Hill; Wm. Bugg, Leic, Piatt; Rob. Eyles, Hants, F., dec. White; 
Vere Foster, Bucks, F., dec. Smith. 

Elected 27, admitted 28 Mar. 1721. Thos. Harrison, Cambr., Plat, 
dec. Ds. Bugg ; Jos. Drake, Yk., Ashton, dec. Perkins ; Edward Yardley, 
Midds, Dee, dec. Grigman ; Thos. Jenkin, Norf., F., dec. Smales. 

30 Elected 12, admitted 13 Mar. 1721 Wm. Thomas, Leic, F., dec. 
Hall ; Rd. Cayley, Yk., Marm. Constable, dec. Roper ; Hen. Wrigley, 
Lane, Keyton, dec. Prior ; Marm. Downes, Hants, F., dec. Fenwick ; 
Alex. Edmundson, Lane, Piatt, dec. Adcock; Wm. Wilson, Cumb., 
Simpson, dec. Dr Bowtell ; Miles Archer, Lane ' de Furness Fells,' 

35 Fell, dec. Parke. 

Elected 1, admitted 3 Apr. 1723. Benj. Culm, Chester, F., dec. 
Palmer ; Wm. Callow, Suss,, F., dec. Eyles ; Geo. Deane, Hunts, F., 
dec. Deane; Geo. Husey, Dors., F., dec. Wilkes; Mich. Nickins, Staff., 
Bayley, dec. Floyd. 

^ [See tinder the years i7t|-, N.B. This election of fellows was 

1 7 if for Parke and Newton. Baker had in consequence of a removal of 

has preserved a note, the latter part several nonjuring fellows in virtue 

of which (after 'N.B.') is in the hand of an Act of Parliament. The or- 

of 'Demosthenes' Taylor :] "Seniors dinary election of fellows is always 

present at this election, Mr Bowtell, in Lent." 
Mr Foulkes, Dr Edmundson, Mr ^ See under 17 if. 

Chester and Mr Hall: in all five. 


Elected 23, admitted 24 Mar. 172|. Jo. Fogg, Chester, F., dec. 
Dr Berry ; Rd. Nairn, Kent, Keyton, dec. Johnson ; Fairfax Stilling- 
fleet, Line, TKymUebly, dec. Bradfield. 

Elected 15, admitted 16 Mar. 172|. Edward Wenyeve, Suff., F., 
dec. Smith ; Edward Beresford, Derb., Beresford, dec. Dr Willmot ; 5 
Geo. Kenyon, Lane., Gregson, dec. Brome ; Jo. Morgan, Menevensis, 
F., dec. Oldham ; Alex. Le-Hunt, Surr., F., dec. Clarke ; Geo. Davies, 
Yk., Piatt., dec. Barlow. 

Elected 28, admitted 29 Mar. 1726. Jas. Altham, Midds, Piatt, 
dec. Monins; Moses Lloyd, Salop, F., dec. Symonds; Jo. Taylor, lo 
Salop, F., dec. Jenkin. Admitted 7 June 1726. Jas. Bate, Kent,i^. 
tp. Ely'' s fellow, dec. Foche. 

Elected 20, admitted 21 Mar. I72f Jo. Holcombe, Pembr., Piatt, 
dec. Taylor; Thos. Rowe, Durh., F., dec. Callow; Sam. Pegge, Derb. 
' e Chesterfield,' ^eres/orcf, dec. Grove; Chappell Fowler, Notts 'e 15 
Southwell,' Keyton, dec. Nairn. Admitted 28 Sept. 1727. Mich. 
Bm-ton, Derb., Beresford, 'ex mandato speciali Thomse episcopi 
Eliensis,' dec. Grove^. 

Elected 8, admitted 9 Apr. 1728. Wm. Salisbury, Warw., F.,dec. 
Dr Newcome ; Hammond Turner, Norf., Grigson, dec. Dr Lambert. 20 

Elected 24 Mar. 172f, admitted 25 Mar. 1729. .Major Nourse, 
Hants, F., dec. Fetherstonhaugh ; Jas. Tunstall, Richm., F., dec. Lisle ; 
Jo. Taylor, Lane, Ashton, dec. Shaw. 

Elected 16, admitted 17 Mar. I7f§. Sam. Pegge, Derb., Piatt, 
dec. Allot; Hen. Goddard, Richm., F., dec. Grove; "Wm. Broxholme, 25 
Yk., Ashton, dec. Drake ; Rob. Waterhouse, Yk., Piatt, dec. "VVhit- 
stons ; 01. Reuse, Dev., Piatt, dec. Altham. 

Elected 5, admitted 6 Apr. 1731. Jo. Green, Beverley, RooJceby, 

^ Dr Wm. Edmundson president was in learning and manners qua- 
admits Burton under protest made lified; and therefore, by the advice 
6 Sept., and under threat of depriva- of Jas. Johnson, LL.D. his vicar- 
tion, saving the right of the crown. general and Thos. Tennison, LL.D. 
His Latin declaration (28 Sept.) is archd. of Carmarthen, he declared 
attested by Thos. Yorke notary pub- Pegg's election void and ordered 
lie, Jo"^. Yorke and Sam. Scaife. A Burton to be elected and to have aU 
long Latin decree of Thos. bp. of emoluments accruing from Mar. 20 • 
Ely (dated Ely 22 Sept. 1727) is also that his monition should be en- 
also entered on the register. After tered in the admission book, and a 
hearing Wm. Legard notary public, letter, sealed with the college seal, 
the college proctor, against Burton's to be sent within 10 days after Bur- 
appeal, he determined : that a Be- ton's admission, signifying that his 
resford fellowship was vacant by commands had been obeyed ; all un- 
Eob. Grove's death 23 Apr. 1726, der pain of deprivation. By a letter 
and that Burton claimed the place (dated 4 Oct.) Edmundson signifies 
as of kin to Beresford and a native that under threat of deprivation 
of Woorksworth, Derb., but the col- and saving the rights of the crown, 
lege chose Sam. Pegg who was not he has admitted Burton, 
of kin to Beresford; that Burton 

A.D. 1723, 4—1740, 1. 305 

dec. Chappelow ; Jo. Mall, Salop, Piatt, dec. Holcomb ; Wm. Heber- 
den, Surr., i^., dec. Simpson ; Farindon Reid, Line, ThimUeUy, dec. 
Stilling6eet; Jo. Wickins, Westmor., Simpson, dec. Wilson; JS^ath. 
Clayton, Northumb., Lupton, dec. Robinson. 
5 Elected 27, admitted 28 Mar. 1732. Jo. Cradock, Salop, F., dec. 
Lloyd; Bennet Combe, Dors., F., dec. Foster; Andr. Alvis, Suff., F., 
dec. Wenyeve; Jo. Wilson, Lane, Grigson, dec. Kenyon; Rob. 
Taylor, Durh., Ashton, dec. Heald. 

Elected 12, admitted 13 Mar. 173|. Theophilus Lowe, Staff., 
lo Baily, dec. Nickins; Thos. Rutherforth, Cambr., F., dec. Rigden; 
Humphr. Parry, Montg., Piatt, dec. Pegge ; Thos. Robinson, Line, 
Dee, dec. Yardely. 


Admitted 31 May 1 733. Edward Trimnell, Northants, F. hp. Ely's 
fellow, dec. Bate. 
15 Elected 1, admitted 2 Apr. 1734. Arth. Prime, Suff., F., dec. Dr 
Baker; Thos. Lipyeatt, Wilts., F., dec. Dr Peake; Hen. Marshall, 
Line, ThimUeby, dec. Reid ; Joh. Lynn, Northants, Piatt, dec. Ed- 

Elected 24 Mar. 173f, admitted 25 Mar. 1735. Mansfield Price, 
20 Som., F., dec. Richardson; Wm. Weston, Rutl, F., dec. Leeke; 
Christopher Anstey, Berks, F., dec. Dr. Newton ; Mich. Tyson, 
Westmor. of Sedbergh school, Lupton, dec. Dr Drake ; Jo. Lowndes, 
Bucks, F., dec. Dean; Wm. Rawstorne, Lane, Ashton, dec. Tatham ; 
Thos. Clerke, Berks, F., dec. Le Hunt ; Sam. Squire, Wilts, F., dec. 
25 Goddard. 

Admitted 11 Mar. 173f. Jo. Frankland, Som., F. hp. Ely's fel- 
low, dec. Trimnell. Elected 12, admitted 13 Apr. 1736. Jo. Holme, 
Y\.,' Halytreholme, dec. Clark; Wm. Burrow, Derb., Grigson, dec. 
Turner; Dan. Burnaby, Midds, F., dec. Combe; Thos. Milbourn, 
30 Northumb., F., dec. Lowndes. 

Elected 28, admitted 29 Mar. 1737. Thos. Rickard, Cambr., 
Piatt, dec. Mall ; Rob. Robinson, Richm., Heblethwayte, dec. Dr Ed- 
mundson ; Wynne Bateman, Richm., F., dec. Thomas ; Jos. Cardale, 
Warw., Bayley, dec. Lowe ; Pawlet St John, Beds, F., dec. Russell. 
35 Elected 20, admitted 21 Mar. 173|. Dan. Austin, Midds, F., dec. 

Elected 9, admitted 10 Apr. 1739. Wm. Loggon, Heref., F., dec. 
Kourse ; Zach. Brooke, Hunts, F., dec. Hussey ; Edw. Birbeck, Yk., 
Lupton, dec. Tyson ; Davis Lambe, Notts, F., dec. Parnham ; Hen. 
40 Harward Darby, Suff., Piatt, dec. Waterhouse. 

Elected 24 Mar. 17|§, admitted 25 Mar. 1740. Sam. Ogden, Lane 
Ashton, dec. Rawstorne ; Wm. Sara. Powell, Ess., F., dec. Bernard. 

Elected 16, admitted 17 Mar. 174Q. Thos. Balguy, Durh., Piatt, 
dec. Rouse ; Rd. Grove, Cambr., F., dec. Dr WiUiams ; Jo. Bugg, 
45 Leic, F., dec. Lantrow; Edm. Bentham, Cambr., Piatt, dec. Parry. 



Admitted 9 Jul. 1742. Jo, Sam. Hill, Cambr., F. hp. Ely' s fellow, 
dec. Frankland. 

Elected 21, admitted 22 Mar. n4|. Calvert Tennant, Richm., 
Lupton, dec. Clayton ; Algernon Frampton, Wilts, Piatt, dec. Lynn ; 
Thos. Barnard, Yk., As/iton, dec. Brosholme ; Jonatli. Lipyeatt, 5 
Wilts, Piatt, dec. Rickard ; Sam. Hutchinson, Line, ThitnUeby, dec. 
Marshall ; Rob. Laxton, Northants, Dee, dec. Robinson. 

Elected 12, admitted 13 Mar. 174f. Wm. Ludlam, Leic, F., dec. ■ 
Gierke ; Edward Barnard, Herts., F., dec. Milbourn ; Job. Rosse, 
Heref., F., dec. Squire; Tbos. Richardson, Cumb., Simpson, dec. lo 
Wickins ; Jo. Copley, Lane, Fell, dec. Archer ; Sam. Johnston, Yk., 
Marm. Constable, dec. Cayley. 

Elected and admitted 1 Apr. 1745. Rob. Bume, Durh., Ashton, 
dec. Ds. Taylor; Thos. T wells, Notts, Keyton, dec. Wrigley. Ad- 
mitted 11 June 1745. Stuart Gunning, Cambr., F. hp. Ely's fellow, 15 
dec. Hill. 

Elected 17, admitted 18 Mar. 174f. Osmond Beauvoir, Ess., F., 
dec. Dr Waller ; Jo. Taylor, Kent, F., dec. Dr Prime ; Edward Benson, 
Kent, F., dec. Burnaby. 

Elected 6, admitted 7 Apr. 1747. Wm. Cole, Bucks, F., dec. 20 
Culm; Kingsman Baskett, Dors., F., dec. Bateman; Theophilus 
Lindsey, Chesh., Keyton, dec. Fowler ; Rd. Scales, Lane, Fell, dec. 
Copley ; Jo. Skynner, Midds, F., dec. Rowe. 

Elected 28, admitted 29 Mar. 1748. Jos. Guest, Heref., Piatt, 
dec. Davis; Geo. Ashby, Midds, F., dec. Rouse; Wm. Totton, Midds, 25 
Piatt, dec. Balguy ; Pet. Murthwaite, Cumb., F., dec. Dr Tunstall ; 
Jo. Mainwaring, Staflf., F., dec. Austin. 

Elected 13, admitted 14 Mar. 174|. Phil. Allen, Richm., Lupton, 
dec. Birkbeck ; Thos. Langhorn, Westmor., F., dec. Dr Fogg ; Thos. 
Dockwray, Durh., F., dec. Lamb; Edward Beadon, Som., F., dec. St 30 

Elected 2, admitted 3 Apr. 1750, Wm. Burrow, Yk., Rokeby, 
dec. Dr Green. 

Elected 25, admitted 26 Mar. 1751. Jas. Stubbs, Richm., Simp- 
son, dec. Ds. Richardson; Thos. Frampton, Wilts, F., dec. Morgan; qg 
Wm. Massey, Chesh., F., dec. Beavoir ; Wm, Hazeland, Wilts, Piatt, 
dec. Darby, 

Elected 16, admitted 17 Mar. 1752. Chas. Newling, Salop, F., dec. 
Dr Taylor ; Fras. Ilderton, Northiunb., F., dec. Bugg ; Jo. Lee, Leic, 
F., dec. Dr Heberden ; Cecil Jaques Fairfax, Line, Thimbleby, dec. 40 
Hutchinson ; Wm. Robinson, Cambr,, Piatt, dec. Guest ; Thos. Met- 
calfe, Kent, F., dec. Taylor ; Jo. Image, Northants, F., dec. Dr Ruth- 

Elected 9, admitted 10 Apr. 1753. Thos. Gisborne, Derb., Beiges- 
ford, dec. Beresford ; Jo. Morris, Lane, Gregson, dec. Wilson ; Fras. 45 
Gunning, Cambr., Piatt, dec. Lypeatt jun.; Thos. Johnson, Suff., F., 
dec. Massey; Edward Clarke, Suss., F., dec. Langhorn; Wm. Ellis, 
Midds, Dee, dec. Laxton, 

A.D, 1742—1764. 307 

Elected 1, admitted 2 Apr. 1754. Jo. Chevallier, Rutl., F., dec. 

Salisbury; Wm. Jephson, Surr., F.,dec. Loggon; Mich. Bacon, Yk., 

Rookhy, dec. Burrow; Jo. Cam, Heref., F., dec. Anstey; Jo. Jolland, 

Derb., Beresford, dec. Dr Burton; Ra. Forster, Nortlmmb., Ashton, 

5 dec. Burne. 

Elected and admitted 17 Mar. 1755. Borlase Wingfield, Salop, 

F., dec. Basket ; Wm. CraYen, Yk., Keyton, dec. Lyndsey ^ ; Jonath. 

Downes, America, Piatt, dec. Hazleland ; Wm. Abbot, Kent, F., dec. 

Benson ; Rob. Jones, Denb.*, F., dec. ISTewling ; Ric. Monins, Kent, 

10 Piatt, dec. Totton. 

Elected 5, admitted 6 Apr. 1756. Hen. Jenkin, Norf., F., dec. 
Dr Cradock ; Wm. Stevens, Ess., F., dec. Dr Barnard ; Ant. Reynolds, 
Hunts, F., dec. Cole. 

Admitted 19 Mar. 1757. Thos. Todington, Leic, Keton, 'ex man- 
15 date speciali Matthise Episcopi Eliensis,' dec. Lindsey\ Elected and 
admitted 28 Mar. 1757. Jo. Horseman, Durh., F., dec. Lippyeat; 
Thos. Thompson, Yk., Hallytree Holme, dec. Holme; Salusbury Jones, 
Asaph, F., dec. Dockwray; Thos. Ashcroft, Line, Thimblehy, dec. 
20 Elected and admitted 13 Mar. 1758. Wm. Craven, Yk., Ashton, 
dec. Barnard ; Mich. Driver Mease, Norf., Gregson, dec. Burrow. 

Elected 2, admitted 3 Apr. 1759. Edward Beresford, Derb., Be- 
resford, dec. Jolland; Rob. Deane, Surr., F., dec. Lee; Wm. Fair- 
clough, Westmor., Lupton, dec. Tenant. 
25 Elected 24, admitted 25 Mar. 1760. Hen. Turner, Cambr., Plat, 
dec. Monins ; Rd. Beadon, Dev.,i^., dec. Beadon ; Ste. Fovargue, Cambr., 
Dee, dec. Ellis. 

Elected 9, admitted 10 Mar, 1761. Jo. Currey, Chesh., F., dec. 
Grove ; Reynald Brathwaite, Lane, Ashton, dec. Dr Tayler ; Wheler 
30 Bunco, Kent, Plat, dec. Gunning; Jo. Hosken, Qovim.,F.,dec. Hder- 
ton ; Phil. Rosenhagen, Midds, Piatt, dec. Robinson. 

Elected and admitted 29 Mar. 1762. Geo. Heath, Yk., Piatt, dec. 

• Elected 21, admitted 22 Mar. 1763. Millington Massey, Chesh., 
Z^ F., dec. Wingfield; Wm. Plucknett, Som., F., dec. Image ; Rd. Wade- 
son, Westmor., F., dec. Cam; Geo. Loggon, Heref., F., dec. Jones 
sen. ; Thos. Houldston, Salop, F., dec. Dr Powell. 

Elected 9, admitted 10 Apr. 1764. Wm. Hall, Northumb., F., dec. 
Alvis ; Hen. Shepherd, Line, F., dec. Johnson ; Thos. Ferris, Midds, 

1 Matthias, bp. of Ely, by decree interval were to be paid to Todington ; 
dated Ely House i6 Mar. 1757, de- and he was to take rank as if he had 
dared Craven's election void; To- been admitted when Craven was. 
dington having been a chorister of The original monition was to be de- 
Southwell, and being a resident ba- posited in the archives, and a copy to 
chelor when he offered himself as a be entered in the admission book, 
candidate for Lindsey'a fellowship. 2 gQ originally written. Corrected 
All profits of the fellowship in the into ' e dioc. Bang. ' 



F., dec. Skynner; Wm. Ironside, Durh., F., dec. Jones; Rd. Pritchett, 
Pemb., F., dec. Clarke ; Wm. Becher, Notts, Keyton, dec. Twells. 

Elected 25, admitted 26 Mar. 1765. Jo. Hutton, Westmor., Piatt, 
dec. Frampton. 

Admitted 6 Mar. 1766. Thos. D'Oyly, Suss., F. hp. Ely's fellow, 5 
dec. Gunning. Elected 17, admitted 18 Mar. 1766. Sam. Martin, 
Warw., F., dec. Dr Brooke; Jo. Youde, Denb. e dioc. Bang., Dr 
Gwynn's scholar, F., dec. Dr Price. 

Elected 6, admitted 7 Apr. 1767. Wm. Beresford, Derb., Beres- 
ford, dec. Beresford; Wm. Arnald, Leic, Keyton, dec. Ds. Becher; 10 
Wm. Sheepshanks, Yk., Piatt, dec. Bunce; Rd. Raikes, Glouc, F., 
dec. Hall ; Jo. Yale, Denb. e dioc. St As., F. ' ex compositione Dris 
Gwyn,' dec. Weston. 

Elected 21, admitted 22 Mar. 1768. Wm. Pearce, Comw., F., dec. 
Abbott; Jo. Carr, Derb., Gregson, dec. Mease; Jo. Byron, Line, 15 
Thimhleby, dec. Ashcroft ; Isaac Pennington, Lane, Ashton, dec. Dr 
Ogden; Jo. Wise, Berks, 'electus F., dum variolis laborabat, dec. 
Murthwaithe, antequam juratus et admissus fuerit, mortuus est.' 

Elected 13, admitted 14 Mar. 1769. Christopher Hull, Lane, 
Gregson, dec. Morris; Sam. Ryder Weston, Dev., F., dec. Ludlam; 20 
Hen. Hetley, Northants, F., dec. Reynolds; Thos. Kipling, Richm., 
Fell, dec. Scales; Thos. Drake, Yk., Bailey, dec. Cardale; Harry 
Grove, Wilts, F., dec. Martin ; Eras. Fitchatt, Ess., F., dec. Ironside ; 
Wm. Williams, Chesh., F., dec. Currey ; Edward Frewen, Suss., F., 
dec. Wise. 25 

Admitted 29 Jan, 1770. Rob. Russell, Lane, Fell, 'ex mandato 
speciali Matthiae Episcopi Eliensis,' dec. Scales. Elected 2, admitted 
3 Mar. 1770. Wm. Burslem, Salop, F., dec. Dr Ross; Sam. Prime, 
Midds, Piatt, dec. Heath. 

Elected 18, admitted 19 Mar. 1771. Thos. Kipling, Richm., Thim- 30 
hleby, dec. Byron; Nedham Dj-moke, Line, F., dec. Dr Frampton; 
Thos. Starkie, Lane, Ashton, dec. Braithwaite. 

Elected 6, admitted 7 Apr. 1772. Paul Jodrell, Midds, Piatt, 
dec. Bentham ; Wm. Smith, Beds, F., dec. Wadeson ; Geo. Belgrave, 
Rutl., F., dec. Massey; Thos. Radford, Yk., Piatt, dec. Rosenhagen; 35 
Rd. Blakeway, Salop, Piatt, dec. Ds. Prime. Admitted 8 Sept. 1772. 
Rob. Fiske, Ess., F. bp. Fly's fellow, dec. D'Oyly. 

Elected 29, admitted 30 Mar. 1773. Lewis Hughes, Bang., F., 
dec. Youde ; Jo. Fisher, Midds, Dee, dec. Fovargue ; Chas. Pet. Lay- 
ard, Midds, Piatt, dec. Turner ; Jer. Jackson, Northants, F, dec. 40 
Jephson; Jas. Wood, Notts, F, dec. Horseman; Jonath. Lipyeatt, 
Wilts, F, dec. Beadon ; Hilkiah Bedford, Durh., F., dec. Dymocke ; 
Thos. Cockshutt, Yk., Bookhy, dec. Dr Bacon ; Geo. Whitmore, Hants,' 
F., dec. Deane. 

Elected 21, admitted 22 Mar. 1774. Jas. Webster, Lane, Lupton, 45 
dec. Fairclough; Soulden Lawrence, Midds, Ashton, dec. Forster; 
Benj. Holmes, Yk., Lupton, dec. Allen ; Rd. Atlay, Yk., Piatt, dec. 

A.D. 1764—1784. 309 

Elected 3, admitted 4 Apr. 1775. Wm. Easton, Line, F., dec. 
Metcalf ; Rog. Jacson, Chesh., F., dec. Raikes ; Chambre Wm. Abson, 
Notts, Keyton, dec. Todington ; Tlios. Heberden, "Wore, F., dec. Che- 


5 Admitted 24 Oct. 1775. Wm. Wood, Notts, Keyton, 'ex man- 
dato speciali Edmondi Bpiscopi Eliensis,' <^«c. Todington. 'N.B. Mr 
Wood stands before Mr Easton in the order of seniority.' 

Elected 25, admitted 26 Mar. 1776. Wm. Cookson, Cumb., F., 
dec. Houlston ; Wm. Wright, Staff., F., dec. Ashby ; Sam. Forster, 

I o Suff., F., dec. Eitchett. 

Elected 17, admitted 18 Mar. 1777. Thos. Ellis, Caernarv., Piatt, 
dec. Jodrell; Jas. Eawcett, Yk., Constable, dec. Dr Johnston; Wm. 
Wilson, Lane, Fell, dec. Russell ; Rob. Cane, Line, F., dec. Jenkins ; 
Edward Powys, Salop, Piatt, dec. Blakeway ; Wm. Portal, Hants, F., 

15 dec. Stevens; Wm. Wade, Berks, .F., c?ec. Shepherd; Folliott Herbert 
Cornewall, Salop, F., dec. Ds. Jacson. 

Elected 6, admitted 7 Apr. 1778. Thos. Sheepshanks, Tk., Piatt, 
dec. Layard; Hen. Houson, Yk., Piatt, dec. Radford; Wm. Green- 
wood, Dev., F., dec. Jackson. 

20 Elected 22, admitted 23 Mar. 1779. Thos. Eras. Twigge, Derb., 
Piatt, dec. Ds. Powys; Wm. Sneyd, Midds, Piatt, dec. Sheepshanks; 
Herb. Marsh, Kent, F., dec. Loggon ; Chas. Lawrence, Midds, Beres- 
ford, dec. Beresford. 

Elected 13, admitted 14 Mar. 1780. Jo. Sparhauke, Herts, F., 

25 dec. Hosken; Edward Christian, Cmnb., F., dec. Bedford; Edm. Lat- 
ter, Kent, F., dec. Heberden. 

Elected 2, admitted 3 Apr. 1781. Rd. Littlehales, Salop, F., dec. 
Burslem ; Rob. Cary Barnard, Suff., F., dec. Dr Ferris ; Chas. Fowler, 
Notts, Keyton, dec. Amald ; Rob. Parry, Denb. ex dioc. St As., F. ex 

30 compositione Drs. Gwyn, dec. Yale. 

Elected 18, admitted 19 Mar. 1782. Wm. Mackworth Praed, 
Midds, Piatt, dec. Hutton ; Jas. Wood, Lane, Ashton, dec. Starkie. 
Admitted 27 Noy. 1782. Jas. Hitch, Cambr.,i^. hp. Ely's fellow, dec. 

35 Elected 7, admitted 8 Apr. 1783. Rd. Burne, Northants, F., dec. 
Littlehales; Josh. Smith, Norf., F., dec. Pritchett; Tindal Thompson 
Walmsley, Yk., Piatt, dec. Atley. 

Elected 29, admitted 30 Mar. 1784. Chas. Sutton, Norf., F., dec. 
Plucknett ; Thos. Jones Prichard, Bang., Gwynn, dec. Hughes ; Thos. 

40 Catten, Norf, Gregson, dec. Carr ; Rob. Pedley, Gloue, F., 6?ec. Weston ; 
Jas. Collinson, Lane, Gregson, dec. Hull ; Matt. Babington, Leie, F., 
dec. Forster ; Thos. Pet. Dod Salmon, Surr., F., dec. Cornewall ; Co- 
ryndon Luxmoore, Dev., F., dec. Hetley; Benj. Clay, Notts, Keyton, 
dec. Fowler. 


Elected 14, admitted 15 Mar. 1785. Jo. Romney, Westmor., F., 
dec. Cane ; Wm. Gregor, Cornw., Piatt, dec. Houson. 

Elected 3, admitted 4 Apr. 1786. Wm. Antrobus, Cumb., Piatt, 
dec. Ellis ; Geo. Gordon, Cambr., Thymhleby, dec. Dr Kipling. 

Elected 26, admitted 27 Mar. 1787. Jas. Bland, Yk., Hollytre- 5 
holme, dec. Thompson ; Rd. Riley, Staff, Bailey, dec. Dr Drake. 

Elected 10, admitted 11 Mar. 1788. Wm. Wilson, Derb., F., dec. 
Luxmoore; Rob. Boon, Northants, F., dec. Grove; Eras. Reed, 
Northumb., F, dec. Babington; Edm. Stanger, Cambr., Piatt, dec. 
Gregor ; Dan. Bayley, Hunts, F., dec. Dr Pearce ; Wm. Lambe, Heref., lo 
F., dec. Mainwaring; Edm. Outram, Derb., Dee, dec. Fisher; Wm. 
Heberden, Midds, Piatt. Admitted 31 Dec. 1788. Chas. Isaac 
Yorke, Midds, F. bp. Fly's fellow, dec. Hitch. 

Elected 30, admitted 31 Mar. 1789. Jo. Newling, Salop, F, dec. 
Williams; Jos. Littledale, Cumb., F, dec. Frewen; Algernon Framp- 15 
ton, Wilts, F., dec. Belgrave ; Edward Wigley, Leic, F, dec. Cook- 
son; Rd. Hargreaves, Lane, Gregson, dec. CoUinson; Rd. Tillard^, 
Yk., Halytrehohne, dec. Bland ; Zach. Brooke, Cambr., F., dec. Chris- 
tian; Jo. Docker, Westmor., Piatt, dec. Sueyd; Jo. Blunt, Warw., 
Piatt, dec. Praed. Admitted 18 Sept. 1789. Jo. Watson Bowman^, 20 
Yk., Hallitreliolme, dec. Bland, ' ex mandate speciali Jacobi Episcopi 

Elected 22, admitted 23 Mar. 1790. Rd. Tillard, Yk., AsMon, 
dec. Craven; Ste. Jo. Winthrop, Midds, Piatt, dec. Twigge; Nic. 
Bourne, Derb., Hn octavum socimn pro tnagistro Piatt! Admitted 25 
16 (? blotted) June 1790. Edward Porten Benezet, Midds, F. hp. 
Ely'' s fellow, dec. Yorke. 

Elected 11, admitted 12 Apr. 1791. Ant. Mainwaring, Warw., F., 
dec. Barnard ; Wm. Millers, Westmor., F., dec. Pedley ; Wm. Stevens, 
Cambr., Thiinhleby, dec. Gordon; Rob. Jones, Denb., Gwynne, dec. 30 

Elected 26, admitted 27 Mar. 1792. Wm. Walker, Derb., Beres- 
ford, dec. Chas. Lawrence; Montague Heblethwayte '^, Yk., Hebleth- 
wayte, dec. Robinson; Jo. Bradshaw, Leic, F., dec. Lipyeatt; Jas. 
Foster, Yk., Bokeby, dec. Cockshutt; Jos. Gill, Notts, Key ton, dec. 35 
Clay. Admitted 2 Aug. 1792. Phil. Yorke, Midds, F. hp. Ely's fel- 
low, dec. Benezet.' 

Elected 18, admitted 19 Mar. 1793. Laur. Panting, Salop, F., dec. 
Burne; Chas. Walker, Berks, F., dec. Greenwood; Thos. Holden 
Gawthrop, Yk., Lupton, dec. Webster ; Rd. Cockbone, Yk., Lupton, 40 
dec. Holmes. 

1 On an appeal, dated ig Apiil null and void, and ordered that 

1789, on behalf of J. W. Bowman, Bowman should be invested with 

clerk, born at Brantingham near all profits of the fellowship from 

Beverley, the bp. of Ely (by letter, 30 Mar. 

dated Ely house 31 Aug. 1789) de- 2 Samuel Freeman is added over 

clared Tillard's election to the fel- the line. He graduated M.A. as 

lowship vacated by Bland's death S. M. F. H. 

A.D. 1785—1804. 311 

Elected and admitted 7 Apr. 1794. - Thos. Sheild, Rutl., F., dec. 

Sutton ; Jo. Gould, Cornw., Piatt, dec. Blount ; Jo. Palmer, Cumb., 

F., dec. Smith ; Wm. Cooper, Hunts, F., dec. Lamb. 

Admitted 14 Mar. 1795. Chas. Heberden, Midds, F. hp. Ely's 
Z fellow, dec. Phil. Yorke. Elected 23, admitted 24 Mar. 1795. Wm. 

Brett Whitfeld, Suss., F., dec. Portal ; Thos. Holme Maude, Durh., 

Ashton, dec. judge Lawrence; Hen. Holland, Midds, F., dec. Spar- 

hawke; Chas. Rushworth, Yk., Halitreholme, dec. Bowman; Wm. 

Winthrop, Midds, Piatt, dec. Antrobus; Jo. Coates, Midds, Piatt, 
I o dec. Ds. Gould. 

Elected 14, admitted 15 Mar. 1796. Thos. Walker, Midds, Piatt, 

dec. Heberden ; Jo. Blakeney, Northumb., F., dec. Baston ; Jo. Kemp- 

thorne, Dev., F., dec. Dr Wood. Admitted 26 Mar. 1796. Wm. 

Cockburn, Midds, F. hp. Ely's fellow, dec. Ds. Chas. Heberden. 
15 Elected 3, admitted 4 Apr. 1797. Sam. Butler, Warw., Piatt, 

dec. Docker ; Gawen Brathwaite, Lane, Fell, dec. Wilson. 

Elected 26, admitted 27 Mar. 1798. Wm. Jones, Kent, Piatt, 

dee. Winthorp ; Thos. Jackson, Lane, Gregson, dec. Hargreaves ; 

Wm. Potchet, Yk., Ashton, dec. Tillard. 
20 Elected 11, admitted 12 Mar. 1799. Jas. Brown, Suff., F., dec. 

Dr Frampton; Thos. Waldron Hornbuckle, Beds, F.^ dec. Salmon; 

Jer. Jackson, Northants, F., dec. Wade; Jo. Dobson, Ess., F., dec. 

Panting ; Amos Hayton, Cumb., Piatt, dec. Ds. Butler. 

Elected 31 Mar., admitted 1 Apr. 1800. Jo. Thornton, Leic, 
25 Piatt, dec. Coates; Ptob. Hasell Newell, Ess., F., dec. Wilson; Eras. 

Seymour Larpent, Midds, Piatt; Thos. Mortlock, Cambr., ThimUeby, 

dec. Stevens. 

Elected 23, admitted 24 Mar. 1801. Wm. Whitear, Suss., F., dec. 

Brooke ; Lancelot Shadwell, Midds, Piatt, dec. T. Walker. 
30 Elected 5, admitted 6 Apr. 1802. Ra. Tatham, Northumb, Ash-* 

ton, dec. Maude ; Hen. Martyn, Cornw., F., dec. Wright ; Morgan 

Walt. Jones, Salop, F., dec. Dr Whitmore ; Reginald Bligh, Cornw., 

F., dec. Reed ; Jo. Foster, Rutl., F., dec. Jer. Jackson ; Rob. Rem- 

mett, Dev., Dee, dec. Outram. 
35 Elected 28, admitted 29 Mar. 1803. Geo. Cook, Yk., Constable, 

dec. Fawcett ; Jo. Davis, Wilts, F., dec. Kempthorne ; Thos. Barker, 

Beds, F., dec. Wigley. 

Elected 19, admitted 20 Mar. 1804. Thos. Jack, Cumb., Simpson, 

dec. Stubbs ; Arth. Gosli, Line, F., dec. Newling ; Sam. Birch, Midds, 
4° Piatt, dec. Wm. Jones. Admitted 6 Apr. 1804. Hen. Wm. Hunter^, 

^ On appeal from Septimus Court- after it ; that Courtney soon after 
ney the bp. of Ely (by letter dated his admission into college " was re- 
Ely house 4 Oct. 1804) states that proachfully guilty of a flagrant ex- 
both Hunter and Courtney were na- cess and indecorum," but had since 
lives of Beverley, Hunter ordained borne a good character ; on the other 
pi-iest six months before the elec- hand Hunter was not in college nor 
tion, Courtney within six months examined the week before the elec- 


Yk., RoJceby, dec. Foster, Admitted 22 Oct. 1804. Septimus Court- 
ney \ Yk., Rokeby, dec. Foster, 'ex mandate speciali Jacobi Bpiscopi 

Elected 1, admitted 2 Apr. 1805. Christopher Stannard, Norf., 
F., dec. Holland ; Jas. Inman, Yk., Piatt, dec. Shadwell ; Jo. Wm. 5 
Cunningham, Midds, F., dec. Smith; Rob. Fiske, Cambr., F., dec. 

Admitted 15 Jan. 1806. Hen. Fepys, Midds, F. hp. Ehfs fellow, 
dec. Ds. Wm. Cockburn. Elected 24, admitted 25 Mar. 1806. Wm. 
Harrison, Line, Beresford, dec. Dr. Gisborne; Thos. Cotterill, Staff., 10 
Bayley, dec. Riley ; Chas. Jas. Hoare, Midds, F., dec. Cunningham ; 
Jo. Moore, Cumb., Simpson, dec. Jack ; Hen. Pet. Standly, Hunts, 
Piatt, dec. Walmsley; Sam. Hall, Lane, Piatt, dec. Bom'ne; Hen. 
Walter, Line, F., dec. Bayley. 

Elected 16, admitted 17 Mar. 1807. Edward Simons, Kent, Piatt, 15 
dec. Thornton ; Chas. Blick, Warw., F., dec. Romney ; Wm. Longley, 
Kent, F., dec. Latter. 

Elected 4, admitted 5 Apr. 1808. Sherard Becher, Notts, Kerjton, 
dec. Wood ; Jo. Hen. Browne, Kent, F., dec. Davis ; Thos. Holmes, 
Yk., Rokeby, dec. Courtney; Rob. Towers, Cumb., Simson, dec. 20 
Moore ; Thos. Jephson, Surr., F., dec. Marsh ; Jo. Fiott, Herts, F., 
dec. Jones ; Hen. Atlay, Line, Piatt, dec. Inman ; Miles Bland, Yk., 
Ashton, dec. Potchett. 

Elected 20, admitted 21 Mar. 1809. Jas. Tobias Cook, Suff., F., 
dec. Millers; Wm. Ainger, Cambr., HeUethtcaite, dec. Heblethwaite ; 25 
Rob. Baynes Armstrong, Lane, Lupton, dec. Cockbone; Jo. Brew- 
sted Wilkinson, Suff., Piatt, dec. Larpent; Jos. Cotterill, Staff., 
Bayley, dec. Cotterill ; Gordon Wm. Kelly, Bucks, Piatt, dec. Birch. 

Elected 9, admitted 10 Apr. 1810. Rob. Watkin Lloyd, Asaph, 
'F., dec. Parry; Lawr. Palk Baker, Plerts, F., dec. Boon; Jo. Havi- 30 
land, Som., F., dec. Maiuwaring; Thos. Smart Hughes, Warw., F., 
dec. Cooper. 

Elected 1, admitted 2 Apr. 1811. Wm. Hen. Parry, Salop, P., 
dec. Foster ; Jas. Stamford Caldwell, Staff., Bayley, dec. Ds. Cotterill ; 
Rd. Duffield, Richm., Des, dec. Remmett; Wm. Jowett, Surr., F., dec. 35 
Bradshaw; Thos. Belgrave, Line, Piatt, dec. Hayton; Geo. Eras, 
Holcombe, Derb., Beresford, dec. Harrison. 

Elected 16, admitted 17 Mar. 1812. Wm. Tatham, Durh., Con- 
stable, dec. Cook ; Rd. Wager AUix, Wilts, F., dec. Shield ; Arch''. 
Montgomery Campbell, Midds, Piatt, dec. Simons; Jas. Commeline, 40 
Gloue, F., dec. T. Cooke ; Corn. Neal, Midds, F., dec. Hoare ; Thos. . 
Fuller, Midds, Piatt, dec. Standly ; Jo. Savery Tozer, Midds, F., dec. 
Lloyd ; Jos. Mayor, Salop, Bayley, dec. Caldwell. 

Elected 5, admitted 6 Apr. 1813. Thos. Pierce Williams, Jamaica, 

tion; and was disqualified by the declares that Courtney ought to 
possession of landed property. On have been elected, 
these two last grounds the bishop 1 See note on p. 311. 

A.D. 1804—1824. 313 

Piatt, dec. Ds. Belgrave; Jo. Fred. "Wm. Herschel, Bucks, F., dec. 
Jas. Brown ; Wm. Jones, Menevensis, F., dec. Martyn. 

Elected 28, admitted 29 Mar. 1814. Rd. Gwatkin, Heref., F., dec. 
Newell ; Hen. Wilkinson, Kent, F., dec. Browne ; Jo. Wm. Whittaker, 
5 Lane, Beresford, dec. Walker ; Geo. Pearson, Staff., Bayley, dec. Ds. 

Elected 13, admitted 14 Mar. 1815. Eras. Russel Hall, Lane, 

Ashton, dec. the master; Eearon Fallows, Cumb., Simpson, dec. 

Towers; Alf. Franklyn Williams, Kent, F., dec. Longley; Jo. BiiUen, 

TO Surr., Piatt, dec. Hall; Wm. Owen, 'matre Middlesexiensi natus,' 

Fell, dec. Brathwaite. 

Elected 1, admitted 2 Apr. 1816. Ed. Jeffreys, Cambr., Thim- 

hleby, dec. Mortlock; Jo. Smith, Suff., F, dec. Fiott; Thos. Watson^ 

Dev., F, dec. Hughes ; Hastings Robinson, Staff., F., dec. Jones ; Jas. 

15 Barrow, Notts, F, dec. Jowett; Thos. Wigzel Thirlwall, Midds, 

Piatt, dec. Ds. Williams ; Jo. Jas. Blunt, Staff., Keyton, dec. Gill. 

Elected 24, admitted 25 Mar. 1817. Thos. Salwey, ^dlo^, Lupton, 

dec. Gawthrop ; Wm. White, Lane, Ashton, dec. Is. Pennington kt. ; 

Rd. Twopeny, Rutl., F., dec. Fiske ; Wm. Lee, Hants, F, dec. Ds. 

20 Williams; Jo. Thos. Austen, Kent, F., dec. Neale; Hen. Hunter 

Hughes, Surr., Lupton, dec. Armstrong. 

Elected 9, admitted 10 Mar. 1818. Edward Bushby, Cumb., 
Piatt, dec. Kelly ; Jos. Hindle, Lane, Heblethwayte, dec. Ainger. 
Elected 29, admitted 30 Mar. 1819. Jo. Graham, Cumb., Piatt; 
25 Wm. Peach, Derb., Beresford, dec. Holcombe. 

Elected 20, admitted 21 Mar. 1820. Geo. Miles Cooper, Kent, F., 

dec. Dr Haviland ; Wm. Mackworth Praed, Midds., Piatt, dec. Fuller. 

Elected 9, admitted 10 Apr. 1821. Arth. Browne, Norf., F, dec. 

'Magistro Palmer, electo secundum statutum anni primi Georgii 

30 quarti in perpetuum socium hujus CoUegii pro Magistro Simpson, 

decessore Magistro Fallows ;' Alex. Malcolm Wale, Cambr., F, dec. 

Wilkinson ; Hen. Law, Herts, F., dec. Littledale. 

1822. No election. 

Elected 17, admitted 18 Mar. 1823. Watkin Maddy, Heref., F, 

35 dec. Lee; Thos. Spencer, Derb., Beresford, dec. Peach; Wm. Paken- 

ham Maxwell Spencer, Yk., F., dec. Barber; Hen. Howarth, Lane, 

Gregson, dec. Calvert. Admitted 18 Oct. 1823. Chas. Jenyns, 

Midds, F. hp. Ely's fellow, dec. Ds. Hen. Pepys. 


Elected 5, admitted 6 Apr. 1824. Thos. Tylecote, Warw., F., 
40 ' decessore Mro. Gulielmo Pakenham Maxwell Spencer electo secun- 
dum statutum artni primi Georgii quarti in perpetuura socium hujus 
CoUegii pro magistro Halitreholme decessore Mro. Rushworth;' 

1 Medical fellow 11 June 1824. 


Hen. Jo. Rose, Suss., F., dec. Whitfeld; Jo. Birkett, Cumb., F., dec. 
Smith; Chas. Edward Kennaway, Dev., F., dec. Barrow; Jos. Taylor, 
Yk., Ashton, dec. Bland ; Chas. Jeffreys, Surr., Fell, dec. Owen ; Jo. 
Cowling, Lane, Ashton, dec. White. 

Elected 21, admitted 22 Mar. 1825. Nic. Fiott, Herts, Piatt; 5 
Thos. Crick, Suffi, F., dec. Walter ; Jo. Fred. Isaacson, Suff., F., dec. 

Admitted 10 Mar. 1826. Edw. Bowyer Sparke, S^om., F. hp. Ely's 
fellow, dec. Jenyns. Elected 13, admitted 14 Mar. 1826. Laur. 
Stephenson, Yk., Bohebrj, dec. Holmes; Humphr. Jackson, Staff., lo 
Bailey, dec. Pearson ; Rd. Wilson, Westmor., Piatt, dec. Bullen ; Thos. 
Newton, Herts, F., dec. Dr Watson ; Edw. Wilson, Chesh., F., dec. 
Baker; Jo. Hen. Pooley, Ess., Beresford, dec. Whittaker. 

Elected 2, admitted 3 Apr. 1827. Jo. Hymers, Yk., F., dec. 
Tozer; Wm. Metcalfe, Cambr., F., dec. AUix; Jo. Howard Marsden, t5 
Lane, Ashton, dec. Hall. 

Elected 24, admitted 25 Mar. 1828. Geo. Ash Butterton, Salop, 
F; dec. Hornbuckle; Benj. Hall Kennedy, Warw., F., dec. Law. 

Elected 6, admitted 7 Apr. 1829. Wm. Hallows Miller ^ Caermar- 
then, F., dec. Robinson; Wm. Keeling, Ess., Halitreholme, dec. G. 20 
P. Spencer ; Fred. Edward Gretton, Bucks, Piatt, dec. Praed ; Chas. 
Yate, Salop, F., dec. A. Browne; Edw. Peacock, Yk., F., dec. C. 
Walker ; Wm. Selwyn, Midds, F., dec. Herschel. 

Admitted 26 Mar. 1830. Edw. Hayes Pickering, Midds, F. hp. 
Ely's fellow, dec. Sparke. Elected 29, admitted 30 Mar. 1830. Jo. 25 
Baily, Midds, F., dec. Parry; Jo. Harrison Evans, Derb., F., dec. 
Twopeny; Thos. Limd, Lane, Beresford, dec. Thos. Silencer; Jo. 
Chas. SnowbalP, Yk., F., dec. Birkett; Hen. Almack, Yk., Heb- 
hlethwaite, dec. Hindle ; Geo. Langshaw, Lane, Lupton, dec. Salwey. 

Elected 21, admitted 22 Mar. 1831. Thos. Overton, Yk., Piatt, 30 
dec. R. Wilson ; Lancelot Shadwell, Midds, F., dec. Kennaway ; Wm. 
Martin, Warw., F., dec. Dobson ; Chas. Thos. Whitley, Lane, F., dec. 

Elected 9, admitted 10 Apr. 1832. Chas. Pritchard, Surr., F., 
dec. Kennedy; Jo. Maur. Herbert, Heref., F., dec. Peacock. oe 

Elected 25, admitted 26 Mar. 1833. Hen. Thompson, Cumb., F., 
dec. Newton ; Halsted Blwin Cobden Cobden, Kent, Piatt, dec. J. B. 
Wilkinson; Sol. Smith, Lane, Piatt, dec. Thirlwall; Christopher 
Clarke, Leie, Dee, dec. Duffield; Chas. Merivale, Midds, F., dec. 
Bligh ; Wm. Hen. Hoare, Cornw., F., dec. Stannard ; Geo. Aug. 40 
Selwyn, Midds, F., dec. Selwyn. Admitted 19 Dee 1833. Percival 
Andree Pickering, Midds, F. hp. Ely's fellow, dec. Edw. Hayes 

Elected 17, admitted 18 Mar. 1834. Sam. Laing, Kent, F., dec. 
Carrighan ; Thos. Cotterill, Staff., F., dec. Gwatkin ; Jo. Edward 45 
Bromley, Yk., F., dec. E. Wilson ; Geo. Wray, Yk., F., dec, Austen ; 

1 Medical fellow 6 Nov. 1834. ^ Medical fellow 1835. 

A.D. 1824—1842. 315 

Jo. Hen. Hewlett, Midds, F., dec. Maddy ; Jo. Robinson Hutchinson, 

Lane, Fell, dec. C. Jeffreys. 

Elected 6, adm. T Apr. 1835. Thos. Paley, Yk., Constable, dec. 

Wm. Tatham; Hen. Ra. Francis, Midds, F., dec. Ds. Hoare; Geo. 
5 Bullock, Lane, Gregson, dec. Howarth ; Jas. Ind Welldon, Cambr., 

F., dec. Jones ; Geo. Jo. Kennedy, Warw., F., dec. Metcalfe ; Hen. 

Cotterill, Suff., F., dec. Ds. Pritchard; Gilb. Beresford, Wilts, Beres- 

ford, dec. Pooley. 

Elected 21, admitted 22 Mar. 1836. Wm. Pound, Midds, Keyton, 
lo dec. Blunt; Jas. Williams Inman, Hants, Piatt, dec. Fiott; Wm. Hey, 

Derb., F., dec. H. Cotterill. 

Elected 13, admitted 14 Mar. 1837. Wm. Hen. Trentham, Notts, 

Piatt, dec. Gretton; Wm. Edward Scudamore, Kent, Dee, dec. C. 

Clarke ; Wm.. Drake, Norf., Piatt, dec. S. Smith ; Jo. Wm. Colenso, 
15 Cornw., F., dec. Baily ; Geo. Hen. Marsh, Cambr., F., dec. Whitley ; 

Thos. Jas. Clark, Yk., Rokeby, dec. Stephenson ; Wm. Hen. Bateson, 

Lane, F., dec. Bromby; Wm. Nathaniel Griffin, Midds, F., dec. 

Welldon ; Thos. Whytehead, Yk., Ashton, dec. Taylor. 

Elected 2, admitted 3 Apr. 1838. Fred. Wm. Collison, Midds, 
20 F., dec. Butterton; Jo. Doudney Lane, Hants, F., dec. Rose; Jo. 

Chapman, Norf., Gregson, dec. Catton ; Edward Brumell, Northumb., 

F., dec. Tylecote ; Thos. Jo. Main, Kent, F., ' decessore M'^° Hymers 

electo secundum statutum anni primi Georgii Quarti in perpetuum 

socium hujus CoUegii pro D™ Lupton decessore M^° Hughes.' 
25 Elected 18, admitted 19 Mar. 1839. Rob. Patch Coates, Dev., 

Piatt, dec. Winthrop; Wm. Chatterley Bishop, Staff., Bailey, dec. 

Jackson; Fras. Whaley Harper, Yk., Piatt, dec. Cobden; Sam. 

Blackall, Som., F., dec. Shadwell; Geo. Currey, Midds, F., dec. 

Evans; Benj. Morgan Cowie, Surr., F., dec. Francis; Percival Frost, 
30 Yk., F., dec. Martin. 

Elected 6, admitted 7 Apr. 1840. Edward Docker, Wore, Piatt, 

dec. Drake ; Nic. Mortimer Manley, Hants, Piatt, dec. Trentham ; 

Wm. Parkinson, Notts, Piatt, dec. Inman ; Chas. Colson, Surr., F., 

dec. Hey ; Geo. Fearns Reyner, Lane, F., dec. Herbert ; Fred. Sam. 
3^ Bolton, Warw., Dee, dec. Scudamore; Jos. Woolley, Hants, F., dec. 

Selwyn ; Wm. Spicer Wood, Yk., Keyton, dec. Pound ; Fras, Llewelyn 

Lloyd, Staff., Bailey, dec. Bishop; Fras, France, Salop, Ashton, dec. 

Dr Tatham. 

Elected 29, admitted 30 Mar. 1841. Hen. Thompson^ Cumb., 
. Q Simpson, dec. Palmer ; Jo. Adams Coombe, Ess., F., dec. Isaacson ; 

Rob. Ellis, Surr., F., dec. Laing; Thos. Pownall Boultbee, Lane, 

Ashton, dec. Marsden. Admitted 18 Dec. 1841. Aug. Macdonald 

Hopper, F. hp. Ely's fellow, dec. P. A. Pickering. 

Elected 14, admitted 15 Mar. 1842. Hen. Bailey, Yk., F., dec. 
,H Cotterill; Basil Williams, Gloue, F., dec. Frost; Jas. Atlay, North- 
ants, F., dec. Yate ; Jo. Bather, Salop, Beresford, dec. Lund. 

* Medical fellow 12 Apr. 1845. 


Elected 3, adm. 4 Apr. 1843. Chas. Turner Simpson, Chesh., F., 
dec. Colson ; Geo. Hen. Ainger, Cumb., Lupton, dec. Langshaw ; Jo. 
Couch Adams, Cornw., F., dec. Main ; Wm. Brown, Cambr., Thym- 
Ueby, dec. Jeffreys ; Edwin Hamilton Gifford, Glouc, F., dec. Ken- 
nedy. 5 

Elected 25, admitted 26 Mar. 1844. Wm. Chas. Sharpe, Norf., 
Gregson, dec. Chapman; Geo. Bainbridge, Yk., Heblethwaite, dec. 
Dr Almack; Rob. Inchbald, Yk., Piatt, dec. Parkinson; Chas. Jo. 
Ellicott, Rutl., Piatt, dec. Coates ; Wm. Grieve Wilson, Chesh., F., 
dec. Cowie; Eras. Bashforth, Yk., Ashton, dec. Whytehead ; Geo. lo 
Wirgman Hemming, Midds, F, dec. Ds. Gifford. 

Elected 10, admitted 11 Mar. 1845. Rob. Bickersteth Mayor, 
Salop, F., dec. Dr Miller; Ste. Parkinson, Yk., F. 'decessore M'"° 
Bailey, electo secundum statutum Anni Primi Georgii Quarti in per- 
petuum Socium hujus Collegii pro domina J. Rokeby decessore M.^° i5 

Elected 30, admitted 31 Mar. 1846. Rob. Inchbald, Yk., Piatt, 
dec. Inchbald ; Christopher Bird, Northumb., F., dec. Howlett ; Fred. 
Jas. Gruggen, Suss., F., dec. Wray; Wm. Burbury, Warw., F. dec. 
Lane; Churchill Babington, Leic, F., dec. Colenso; Jo. Edward 20 
Cooper, Lane, Ashton, dec. Cowling. 

Admitted 17 Mar. 1847. Geo. Gorham Holmes, Cambr., F. bp. 
Ely's fellow, dec. A. M. Hopper. Elected 22, admitted 23 Mar. 1847. 
Arch. Samuels Campbell, Midds, Piatt, dec. Manley ; Edward Bentley 
Slater, Midds, Piatt, dec. Inchbald; Thos. Waddingham, Line, Piatt, 25 
dec. Harper ; Arth. Malortie Hoare, Dors., Keyton, dec. Wood ; Thos. 
Field, Northants, F., dec. WooUey ; Jo. Bradford Cherriman, Yk., F., 
dec. Bird ; Jo. Spicer Wood, Yk., Halytreholme, dec. Keeling ; Wm. 
Parkinson Wilson, Northants, F., dec. Coombe ; Wm. Leighton New- 
ham, Lane, Ashton, dec. Boultbee. 30 

Elected 10, admitted 11 Apr. 1848. Jas. Wilberforce Stephen, 
Midds, F., dec. Currey; Simeon Hiley, Yk., Constable, dec. Paley; 
Edward Headlam, Yk., F., dec. Blackall. Elected 10, admitted 15 
Apr. 1848. Jo. Wm. Pieters, Midds, Piatt, dec. Docker. 

Elected 26, admitted 27 Mar. 1849. Rob. Peirson, Midds, F., dec. 35 
Blick ; Hen. Russell, Berks, Piatt, dec. EUicott ; Jo. Jas. Beresford, 
Midds, Beresford, dec. Gil. Beresford ; Jas. Sam. Hoare, Surr., F., 
dec. Wm. G. Wilson ; Ant. Bower, Line, Piatt, dec. Waddingham ; 
Jo. Rigg, Cumb., F., ' decessore M"^" Bateson electo secundum statu- 
tum anni primi Georgii Quarti in perpetuum socium hujus Collegii ^q 
pro M"^" Gregson decessore M™ Bullock ;' Fred. Wm. Vinter, Midds, 
F., dec. Ci-ick ; Is. Todhunter, Suss., F., dec. Griffin ; Jo. Eyton Bicker- 
steth Mayor, Salop, F., dec. Merivale. 

Elected 18, admitted 19 Mar. 1850. Wm. Paley Anderson, Notts, 
Webster; Percival Frost, Yk., Piatt, dec. Slater ; Morris Birkbeck 45 
Pell, Surr., F., dec. Burbury. 

Elected 7, admitted 8 Apr. 1851. Arth. Dusautoy, Hants, Bee, 
dec. Bolton; Sampson Kingsford, Kent, Wdjster, dec. Anderson; 

A.D. 1843—1859. 317 

Wm. Hen. Besant, Hants, F., dec. Gruggen ; Jon"*. Johnson Cort, 
Rokeby, dec. Bailey ; Fras. Sharpe Powell, Lane, Lujyton, dec. Ainger ; 
Jo. Fitzherbert Bateman, Derb., Beresford, dec. Bather. Elected 7, 
admitted 9 Apr. 1851. Hen. Thos. Wroth, Herts, Piatt, dec. Ds. 
5 Frost. 

Elected 29, admitted 30 Mar. 1852. Jos. "Wolstenholme, Lane, 
F., dec. Ds. Pell ; Rob. Baldwin Hayward, F., dec. Vinter ; Jos. Bick- 
ersteth Mayor, Salop, F., dec. Stephen ; Wm. Chas. Evans, Midds, 
Keyton, dec. Becher. 
lo Elected 14, admitted 15 Mar. 1853. Geo. Downing Liveingi, Suff., 
F., dec. Marsh ; Hugh Callendar, Cumb., F., dec. Adams ; Christo- 
pher Blick Hutchinson, F., dec. Commeline ; Thos. Bond Sprague, F., 
dec. Ds. Wolstenholme ; Arth. Coles Haviland, Thimhlehy, dec. Brown. 
Elected 3, admitted 4 Apr. 1854. Pet. Hamnet Mason, Hants, F. 
1 5 ' decessore M" Reyner translato secundum Statutorum cap. xii. in 
perpetuum Socium hujus coUegii proM'^" Ashton decessore M''" Cooper ; 
Chas. Jo. Newbery, Beds, F., dec. Hemming ; Hen. Jo. Roby, Staff., 
F., dec. Callendar ; Sam. Hawksley Burbury, Warw., Keyton, dec. 
A. M. Hoare ; Hammond Roberson Bailey, Yk., Lupton, dec. Dr Hy- 
20 mers. 

Elected 26, admitted 27 Mar. 1855. Chas. Fryer Eastburn, Lane, 

Ashton, dec. Newham ; Edm. Hen. Woodward, Heref., Lupton, dec. 

F. S. Powell ; Jo. Rob. Lunn, Wore, F., dec. CoUison ; Arth. Calvert, 

Derb., F., dec. Brumell ; Benj. Worthy Home, Midds, jP., dec. Peir- 

25 son ; Hen. Geo. Day, Suss., F., dec. Cherriman. 

Elected 10, admitted 11 Mar. 1856. Wm. Jackson Brodribb, 
Wilts, F., dec. Dr Snowball ; Rd. Dunkley Beesley, Leie, Webster, 
dec. Kingsford ; Jos. Foxley, Bucks, Rokeby, dec. Cort ; Leon. Hen. 
Courtney, Cornw., F., dec. H. Thompson sen. ; Wm. Jennings Rees, 
30 Gloue, F., dec. Simpson ; Edward Grey Hancock, Leie, F., dec. C. B. 

Elected 30, admitted 31 Mar. 1857. Chas. Elsee, Oxf., F., dec. 
Blakeney ; Aug. Vaughton Hadley, Wore, F., dec. W. P. Wilson ; 
Jo. Eldon Gorst, Lane, Gregson, dec. Dr Bateson. 
35 Elected 22, admitted 23 Mar. 1858. Theophilus Barton Rowe, 
Surr., F., ' decessore W° Parkinson, translato secundum Statutorum 
Cap. XII. in perpetuum socium hujus coUegii pro D''^ Rokeby, deces- 
sore M'^" Foxley ;' Sam. Standidge Walton, Yk., Dee, dec. Dusautoy ; 
Herb. Snow, Midds, F., ' decessore M™ Headlam translato secundum 
40 Statutorum cap. xii. in perpetuum socium hujus coUegii pro M™ Ash- 
ton, decessore M™ Bashforth.' 

Elected 11, admitted 12 April, 1859. Thos. Geo. Bonney, Staff., 

Bayley, dec. Lloyd ; Rd. Horton Smith, Midds, F., ' decessore M™ 

Rigg translato secundum Statutorum cap. xii. in perpetuum socium 

45 hujus coUegii pro M™ Hebblethwaite decessore M™ Bainbridge ;' Alex. 

Wm. Potts, Warw., F., dec. Field. 

' Medical fellow 4 June 1859. 




Elected 26, admitted 27 Mar. 1860. Fred. Chas. Wace, Midds, F., 
dec. Dr Atlay ; Jas. Maurice Wilson, I. of Man, F., dec. Besant ; Rob. 
Bellamy Clifton, Line, dec. Hayward ; Arth. Holmes, Salop, F., dec. 

Elected 18, admitted 19 Mar. 1861. Jos. Hirst Lupton, Tk., 5 
Gregson, dec. Gorst ; Jas. Webster Longmire, Westmor., F., dec. 
Liveing; Walt. Baily, Midds, F., dec. Newbery; Geo. Richardson, 
Cumb., Keyton, dec. Burbury ; Jo. Vavasor Durell, Oxf., F., dec. 
Rees ; Jos. Merriman, Leic, F., dec. Hancock ; Rob. West Taylor, 
Yk., i^., (iec. Snow. lo 

Elected 9, admitted 10 May 1862. Edward Kennedy Green, Yk., 
Lupton, dec. Woodward ; Chas. Stanwell, Line, Beresford, dec. Bate- 
man ; (Chas. Jas. Eliseo Smith i, Teneriffe, F.,dec. Williams); Edward 
Woodley Bowling, born at Nice, F., dec. Arth. Holmes ; Wm. Hen. 
Hoar Hudson, Midds, F., dec. Roby ; Alex. Freeman, Surr., F., dec. 15 
Ds. Baily ; Hen. Josiah Sharpe, Warw., F., dec. Brodribb ; Wm. Done 
Bushell, Som., F., dec. Elsee ; Edwin Abbott Abbott, Midds, F., dec. 

^ Admitted 9 Aug. 1862. 

Elected 2, admitted 3 Nov. 1863. Hen. Ludlow, Herts, Gregson, 
dec. W. C. Sharpe ; Wm. Phil. Hiern, StaflF., Ashton, dec. Headlam; 20 
Jo. Geo. Laing, Canada, F.,.dec. Day; Alf. Freer Torry, Line, F., 
dec. Clifton; Jo. Sephton, Lane, Keyton, dec. Evans ; Thil. Thos. 
Main, Kent, Hchblethwaite, dec. Rigg ; Chas. Edw. Graves, Midds., 
F., dec. Abbott. 

Elected 7, admitted 8 Nov. 1864. Jo. Mee Fuller, Midds., ^sA^ioJi, 25 
dec. France ; Wm. Grylls Adams, Oornw., F., dec. R. B.. Mayor ; Fras. 
Drake Thomson, Devon., F., dec. Jephson; Tho. Jo. Nicholas, Salop., 
F., dec. Todhunter; Chas. Taylor, Midds., F., dec. Jos. B. Mayor; 
Alf. Rob. Catton, Line, F., dec. Lunn ; Tho. Gwatkiu, Leic, F., dec. 
Calvert; Chas. Hockin, Midds., Gregson, c?ec. Lupton; Henr. White- 30 
head Moss, Line, F., dec. C. J. E. Smith. 

Elected 6, admitted 7 Nov. 1865. Alf. Geo. Marten, Ess., Bayley, 
dec. Potts; Jos. Jas. Stuckey, Australia, F., dec. R. Horton Smith; 
Henr. Lee Warner, Norf , F.,dec. G. G. Holmes ; Josi. Brovm Pear- 
son, Herb., Beresford, dec. Beresford; Alf. Marshall, Surr., F., dec. 35 
Hadley ; Meyrick Henr. Legge Beebee, Northumb., F., dec. Graves. 

Elected 5, admitted 6 Nov. 1866. Jas. Snowdon, Yk., Keyton, 
dec. Sephton; Alex. Wood, Scotland, Bayley, dec. Marten. 

A.D. 1860- 





18. Admitted 16 May 1612. Owen Gwyii, 'per majorem partem 

19. Admitted 20 Feb. 163|. Wm. Beale, 'per majorem partem 
sociorum ex mandate regie.' 

5 20. Admitted 11 Apr. 1644. Jo. Arrowsmith, 'constitutus ma- 
gister per honoratissimmii domimim comitem Manchestrise ex au- 
thoritate ordinationis parliamentariae.' 

21. Admitted 3 Jun. 1653. Ant. Tuckney^, 'per majorem par- 
tem sociorum.' 
lo f§. Admitted 2.5 Jun. 1661. Pet. Gunning, 'per majorem par- 
tem sociorum.' 

If. Admitted 11 Apr. 1670. Fras. Turner, 'per majorem partem 

f#. Admitted 3 Dec. 1679. Humfr. Gower*, 'per majorem 
15 partem sociorum.' 

25. Elected 9, admitted 13 Apr. 1711. Rob. Jenkin'*, 'unanimi 
consensu omnium sociorum prsesentium.' 

26. Admitted 22 Apr. 1727. Rob. Lambert '', 'per majorem 
partem sociorum seniorum.' 

20 27. Admitted 6 Feb. I73f. Jo. Newcome, ' per majorem partem 
sociorum preesentium.' 

28. Elected and admitted 25 Jan. 1765. Wm. Sam. Powell, 'una- 
nimi consensu omnium sociorum prsesentium.' 

29. Elected and admitted 1 Feb. 1775. Jo. Chevallier, 'per ma- 
25 jorem partem sociorum prsesentium.' 

^ [As Baker remarks 'nomina who signs in the first person.] 
priorumprsefectorumscriptavidentur ^ Tuckney's name was cut out of 

non ante tempus Oeni Gwyn, de qui- the register, but the entry is made 

bu3 melius inquirendum," the earlier again in the margin, 
names (from the second volume) •* Obiit ^27 Mar. an. 171T circa 

are here omitted ; see a more ac- horam secundam postmeridianam. 
curate account under the several * Obiit 7 Apr. 1727, 

masters. Beale is the only master ^ Obiit 24 Jan. I73f. 



30. Elected and admitted 29 Mar. 1789. Wm. Craven, ' per ma- 
jorem partem seniomm sociorum.' 

31. Elected and admitted 11 Feb. 1815. Jas. Wood, 'unanimi 
consensu omnium sociorum prsesentium.' 

32. Elected and admitted 7 May 1839. ' Ra. Tatham B.D. 'una- 5 
nimi consensu omnium sociorum praesentium.' 

33. Elected and admitted 2 Febr. 1857. Wm. Hen. Bateson 
B.D. ' consensu majoris partis sociorum prsesentium.' 



25 Feb. 154f-. Christopher Browne;^ Hen. Ailand. 
28 Mar. 1547. Jo. Raulynson; Rog. Hutchinson. 

3 Jul. 1548. Jas. Pilkynton ; Thos. Lever. 

4 Jul. 1549. Rd. Patryck. 

5 5 Sept. 1550. Rob. Leet. 5 Aug. 1550. Jo. Salt. 

10 Jan. 155-0-. Miles Wilson. 4 Sept. 1551. Leon. Pilkington. 
5 Sept. 1551. Rd. Hide. 10 Sept. 1551. Edward Raven. 10 Dec. 
1551. Jo. Thomson. 

19 Oct. 1552. Rog. Kelk. 29 Oct. 1552. Thos. Wilson. 7 Nov. 
TO 1552. Thos. Lakyn. 

18 Jan. 155|. Jo. Gwin. 

20 Feb. 155f . Pet. Foster ; Thos. Willan. 
18 Nov. 1558. Bart. Dodington. 

22 Jul. 1559. Thos. Wilson ; Rd. Cortesse. 30 Jul. 1559. 
15 Ra. Lever. 9 Nov. 1559. Rog. Kelke. 
4 Jan. 15|-S. Thos. Fowle. 

15 Jan. 156f Nic. Shepard. 28 Feb. 156^. Rd. Longeworth 
'unanimi consensu.' 6 Apr. 1561. Persival Wiburne ' admissus per 
magistrum.' 12 Aug. 1561. Jo. Winter 'admissus per magistrum.' 
20 20 Oct. 1561. Jo. Linseye 'admissus per magistrum.' 

10 Jan. 156J. Wm. Baronsdale. 26 May 1562. Humphr. Bohun 
' per magistrum.' 24 Dec. 1562. Jo. Twidall. 
14 Apr. 1563. Thos. JeflFray. 

28 Apr. 1564. 01. Carter. 2 Jun, 1564. Jo. Dakins. 
25 19 Jun. 1566. Edward Hansbeus. 22 Oct. 1566. Jo. Daubnay. 
18 Apr. 1567. Wm. Fulke ; Jo. Becon. 8 Aug. 1567. 
Jo, Grundie. 

18 Mar. 156|. Thos. Smith. 

7 Jun. 1569- Laur. Riley. 5 Sept. 1569. Jo. Lawson. 29 Nov. 
30 1569. Wm. Gilberd; Thos. RandalP. 21 Dec. 1569. Wm. Gilberd. 
29 Dec. 1569. Wm. Clark. 

1 Obiit an. 1558. 
^ [Gilberd's and Randall's names are struck through,] 


17 Mar. 15^^. Christopher Kirkland ; Rob. Rhodes. 30 Apr.^ 
Jo. Lawson. 31 Jul.^ Ste. Cardinall. 

29 Jul. 1571. Jo. Lindseye. 

5 Apr. 1572. Jo. Knewstub. 6 Sept. 1572. Jas. Taylor. 

7 May 1573. Rd. Fawcet. 5 Oct. 1573. Ambr. Copinger. 5 

18 Mar. 157f. Edward Alvey; Thos. Leache. 

13 Sept. 1576. Jo. Pawcett. 

30jJan, 158-^. Hen. Hickman ; Christopher Webbs ; Andr. Downes. 
Mar. 1580. Abel Smith, i 

6 Feb. 158|. Dan. Munsey. lo 
26 Jan. 158|. Jas. Hill. 

IS Dec. 1583. Laur. Stanton. 
6 Apr. 1584. Rob. Bouth. 

10 Jul. 1585. Everarde Digbye. 

3 Feb. 158f-. Jo. Palmer. 3 Apr. 1587. Dan. Lindsel ; Simon i5 
Robson. 2 Jun. 1587. Ant. Higgin. 

3 Dec. 1588. Jo. Robinson. 19 Dec. 1588. Fras. Snell. 20 Dec. 
1588. Dan. Monsey; Ed. Mole^. ] 

11 Jan. 158|. Hen. Alvey. 

8 Apr. 1590. Rd. Claiton ; Hen. Nelson. 20 

2 Apr. 1593. Otthowell Hyll ; Rog. Morrell ; Arth. Johnson; 
Jo. Bois. 11 Jun. 1593. Rd. Harries. 

14 Feb. 159f-. Jo. Allenson. 

3 Apr. 1598. Wm. Holland. 6 Jun. 1598. Thos. Playfere. 

11 Apr. 1603 Thos. Bends. -5 

4 Jul. 1606. Wm. Billingsley. 
3 Nov. 1608. Wm. Nelson=*. 

15 Mar. 160|. Owen Gwyn*. 

12 8ei)t. 1611. Thos. Horsmanden. 


1 [No year named; most likely Wibarne.] 

1570.] ^ [Baker only gives the list thus 

2 [The names of Monsey and Mole far, as it is contained in the old 
are struck through.] register; the continuation is from 

^ Obiit 1633. Note in register. the later volumes.] 

* [In the margin. Foster; Hord; 

A.D. 1570—1662. 



12 Apr. 1624. Tlios. Smith. 
27 Mar. 1626. Jo. Pryse. 

15 May 1629. Fras. Cooper. 
19 Apr. 1631. Audr. Wooddes. 
5 21 Feb. 163f. Thos. Thornton ; Wm. Bodurda. 5 Jul. 1634. 
Ea. Coates. 

1 Mar. 16f |. Amyas Eidding. 23 Dec. 1640. Jos. Thurston. 
29 Apr. 1641. Thos. Fothergill. 

13 Sept. 1642. Sam. Peachie. 

lo 26 May 1643. Thos. Tyi'whitte. 21 Jul. 1643. Fras. Blechynden. 
' Admissiones seniorum Jan. 25. 164^.' 01. Dand ; Arth. Heron ^ ; 
Wm. Broxolme ; Wm. Allot. 18 Apr. 1645. Jo. Bird. 
15 Jan. 164f. Hen. Maisterson. 
7 Oct. 1648. Jas. Mowbray. 
15 13 Dec. 1649. Edward Stoyte ; Is. Worrall ; Jas. Creswick. 
24 Dec. 1649. Sam. Heron. 

1 May 1651. Wm. Winterbume. 

12 Jun. 1652. Ed. Beresford. 26 Oct. 1652. Jo. Houseman. 
30 Nov. 1654. Hen. Eyre. 
20 17 Jan. 165|. Hugh Burnby. 
21 Apr. 1657. Jo. Smelt. 

2 Feb. 165|. Hen. Paman. 

May 1660. Ni. BuUingham^. 7 May 1660. Wm. Twyne. 7 Nov. 
1660. Allen Henman. 13 Nov. 1660. Thos. Wombwell^ 
25 4 Nov. 1661. Jo. Ambrose^; Wm. Lacy; Eob. Clarke. 

26 Mar. 1662. Hen. Paman ; 'peregre profectus deposuit seniori- 
tatis munus et reversus successit in locum Mri. Carr demum vacan- 
tem.' 12 Apr. 1662. Ni. Bullingham ' readmissus.' 

1 By letter dated 24 Dec. 1649, Colledge reserving to my selfe my 

Heron resigns his seniority, retain- next right and capacity to he chosen 

ing his fellowship and stipulating againe according to statute ; upon 

that if he should again reside, he consideracon that M'^Wombwell was 

might be entitled to the next place receiued in to my place uppon noe 

vacant. Thos. Hodges (by 'letter dated other account than bis returne to 

Souldern 5 Dec. 1649) had resigned his Fellowship by order upon the 

his senioritj^, retaining his fellowship. change of the times. 

^ " Mr BulHnghams recession from Ni. Bullingham." 

his senior's place. Memorand. that November 13. 1660. 

J Nicholas Bullingham doe receede 3 Cessit Feb. %6. 167I. 
from the place of a senior in S* Johns 


16 Feb. 166f . Wm. Hughes ; Dav. Morton. 20 Oct. 1663. Tlios. 

9 Jan. 166|. Rd. Carre. 

21 Oct. 1670. Jas. Chamberlaine. 

10 Apr. 1671. Pierce Brackenbury. 5 
27 Jan. 167f. Jon". Brideoake 'electus in seniorem social, non 

juratus cessit Mar. 22. 167|.' Elected 13 Apr., admitted 31 May 
1675. Jo. Armstrong ; ' cessit Feb. 26, 167f .' 

1 Feb. 167|. Thos. Tlmrlin. 

31 Mar. 1677. Hen. Morland. 10 

26 Feb. 167|-. Jo. Boughton, 'in locum vacantem per volunta- 

riam cessionem Mri Ambrose ; Humfr. Gower, ' in locum vacantem 

per voluntariam cessionem Mri Armstrong.' 

25 Feb. 167f. 'Mr Dickenson.' 15 Jul. 1679. Tlios. Watson. 

26 Mar. ] 683. Thos. Broughton. 1 5 

3 Oct. 1684. Wm. Gould. 

6 Apr. 1685. Thos. Smoult. 

2 Apr. 1688. Arth. Orchard. 
30 Jul. 1689. Thos. Leche. 

11 Jul. 1690. Rd. Berry, dec. Gould. 20 
8 Jul. 1692. Rd. Oldham, dec. Dr Brackenbury. 

7 Dec. 1693. Thos. Verdon, dec. Boughton. 

Elected 25 Oct. 1695. Jo. Billers, 'in locum Mri Oldham de- 
functi,' admitted 11 Nov. 1695. 

4 Nov. 1706. Thos. Gardiner, 'electus in locum Mri Orchard de- 25 
functi, non juratus cessit. 

3 Nov. 1707. Matt. Prior, 'in locum vacantem per volimtariam 
cessionem Mri Gardiner ;' Fras. Robins, dec. Dr Smoult. 

8 Nov. 1708. Edm. Brome, dec. Broughton. 

14 Mar. 17^§. Thos. Langford, dec. Robins. 30 


1711. Jo. Bovrtell, dec. Langford. 

16 Aug. 1714. Rob. Grove, ^ dec. Dre Tlmrlin defuncto.' 

19 Mar. I7lf. Jo. Foulkes, dec. Verdon; Wm. Edmundson, dec. 

Elected 21 Jan., admitted 11 Feb. I7lf. Rob. Lambert, ^ dec. 35 
Mro Leche defuncto.' 

4 Jul. 1718. Lancelot Smith, dec. Foulkes. 

Elected 4, admitted 13 Apr. 1720. Jon". Hall, dec. Smith. 

7 Feb. 172^. Ezek. Rowse, dec. Dr Bowtell. 

13 Oct. 1721. Pet. Clarke, dec. Prior. 4° 

13 Feb. 1721. Wm. Baker, dec. Hall. 

4 Nov. 1723. Edm. Waller, dec. Dr Berrv. 

A.D. 1662—1760. 329 

2 Nov. 1724. Jo. Newcome, dec. Brome. 
29 Apr. 1726. Jo. Shaw, dec. Grove. 
26 Apr. 1727. Rol. Simpson, dec. Dr Lambert. 
Elected 22 Dec. 1727, adm. 19 Apr. 1728. Sam. Drake, dec. Dr 
5 Newcome. 

Elected 17 Dec. 1728, adm. 29 Jan. 172|. Jo. Rigden, dec. Shaw.' 
Elected 10, adm. 22 Jul. 1730. Chas. Richardson, dec. Simpson. 
Elected 5 Sept. adm. 6 Nov. 1732. Jo. Peake, dec. Rigden. 


19 May 1733. Lancelot Newton, 'dec. Dre Baker defuncto.' 
lo 21 Jan. 173f. Phil. Williams, f?ec. Dr Peake. 5 Jul. 1734. Ca- 
leb Parnham, dec. Dr Drake. 19 Dec. 1734. Jo. Russell, dec. Dr 

19 Mar. 1734. Jo. Bernard, c/ec. Richardson. 7 Jul. 1135. Wm. 
Thomas, dec. Clark. 
15 8 Oct. 1736. Rd. Cayley, dec. Dr Edmundson. 27 Nov. 1736. 
Hen. Wrigley, dec. Russell. 

Elected 22 Jun., adm. 15 Sept. 1737. Miles Archer, dec. Thomas. 
Elected 19 Feb. I73f, adm. 28 Apr. 1739. Benj. Culm, dec. 
Parnham. 6 Jul. 1739. Jo. Fogg, dec. Bernard. 
20 Elected 16 Mar. 174^, adm. 10 Sept. 1741. Edward Beresford, 
dec. Dr Williams. 

Elected 28 Sept., adm. 29 Dec. 1743. Jo. Morgan, dec. Cayley. 

21 Feb. 174f. Jo. Taylor, dec. Archer. 17 Nov. 1744. Mic. Bur- 
ton, dec. Wrigley. 

25 Elected 3, adm. 12 Nov. 1746. Wm. Salisbury, dec. Culm. 12 
Nov. 1746. Jas. Tunstall, 'dec. Mro Rowe, qui electus et non ad- 
missus decessit.' 

Elected 10, adm. 23 Jul. 1747. Jo. Taylor, dec. Rowse. 
19 Feb. 174^-. Jo. Green, dec. Dr Tunstall. 
30 Elected 11 Feb. 174-|, adm. 3 Jul. 1749. Wm. Heberden, dec. 
Dr Fogg. 6 Nov. 1749. Jo. Cradock, dec. Morgan. 

2 Apr. 1750. Andr. Alvis, dec. Dr Green. 

22 Oct. 1751. Jo. Wilson, dec. Dr Taylor. 

11 Apr. 1752. Mansfield Price, dec. Dr Heberden. 31 Oct. 1752. 
35 Jo. Holme, dec. Wilson. Elected 31 Oct. 1752, adm. 6 Feb. 1753. 
Wm. Weston, dec. Beresford. 

22 Jan. 1754. Thos. Lipyeatt, dec. Salisbury. 21 Mar. 1754. 
Wm. Burrow, dec. Dr Burton. 

9 Oct. 1756. Rob. Robinson, dec. Dr Craddock. 
40 Elected 28 Jan., adm. 15 Feb. 1757. Jos. Cardale, dec. Holme. 
25 Mar. 1757. Zach. Brooke, dec. Lipyeatt. 
22 Feb. 1758. Sam. Ogden, dec. Burrow. 

3 Nov. 1760. Wm. Sam. Powell, dec. Dr Taylor. 


15 Mar. 1763. Wm. Liidlam, dec. Dr Powell. Elected 31 Oct. 
1763, adm. 9 Feb. 1765. Jo. Ross, dec. Alvis. 

Elected 5 Jul. 1765, adm. 31 Jan. 1766. Sam. Johnston, dec. Dr 
Brooke. 15 Oct. 1765. Stuart Gunning, dec. Dr Price. 

Elected 10 Mar., adm. 16 Aug. 1766. Rd. Scales, dec. Gunning. 5 
12 Jul. 1766. Geo. Ashby, dec. VVeston. 

Elected 19 Oct. 1767, adm. 13 Jan. 1768. Pet. Murthwaite, dec. 
Dr Ogden. 

26 Feb. 1768. Jo. Mainwaring, dec. Murthwaite. Elected 25, 
adm. 31 May 1768. Thos. Frampton, fi?^c. Cardale. Elected 25 May 10 
1768, adm. 26 Jun. 1769. Thos. Metcalfe, dec. Ludlam. 

Elected 13 Mar., adm. 30 Jun. 1769. Thos. Gisborne, dec. 

30 Mar. 1770. Jo. Chevallier, dec. Dr Ross. Elected 28 May, 
adm. 5 Jun. 1770. Wm. Jephson, dec. Dr Frampton. 15 

12 Jun. 1772. Mic. Bacon. 

Elected 29 Mar., adm. 20 Apr. 1773. Ra. Forster, dec. Dr 

Elected 9 Mar., adm. 5 Apr. 1774. Thos. Todington, dec. Forster. 
Elected 31 May, adm. 20 Jun. 1774. Hen. Jenkin, dec. Metcalfe. 20 

Elected 24, adm. 28 Jan. 1775. "Wm. Stevens, dec. Todington. 
Elected 28 Feb., adm; 12 Jul. 1775. Thos. Thompson, dec. Chevallier. 
6 Nov, 1775. Wm. Craven, dec. Ashby. 


24 Apr. 1776. Jo. Hosken. 28 Jun. 1776. Wm. Plucknett. 
Elected 4 Nov. 1776, adm. 21 Mar. 1777. Geo. Loggon. 25 

27 Jan. 1779. Thos. Ferris. 

Elected 6 Dec. 1780, adm. 20 Mar. 1781. Wm. Pearce, dec. 

27 Jan. 1783. Jo. Carr, dec. Pritchett. 25 Jan. 1783. Is. Pen- 
nington, M.D., dec. Plucknett. oq 

Elected 22 Mar. 1784, adm. 14 Jun. 1784. Thos. Drake D.D., 
dec. Carr. 

3 Apr. 1786. Harry Grove. 

19 Mar. 1787. Wm. Williams. 4 Oct. 1787. Edward Frewen. 
1 Dec. 1787. Wm. Smith. 3^ 

7 Mar. 1788. Belgrave^. 30 Aug. 1788. Dr Wood, dec. Bel- 
grave. 25 Oct. 1788. Lipyeatt, dec. Williams. 

14 Mar. 1789. Cockshutt, dec. Frewen. 30 Mar. 1789. Whitmore 

dec. Craven. 

24 Sept. 1791. Webster, dec. Robinson. 

' 40 

■^ Married 6 August. 

A.D. 1763—1845. 331 

21 Feb. 1792. Lawrence, dec. Cockshutt. 28 Feb. 1792. Holmes 
dec. Lipyeatt. 26 Oct. 1792. Easton, dec. Webster. 17 Nov. 1792. 
Wright, dec. Holmes. 

29 Nov. 1793. Fawcett, dec. Wm. Smith. 
5 14 Mar. 179.3. Wilson sen. dec. judge Lawrence. 12 Sept. 1795. 
Wade, dec. Easton. 

25 Feb. 179G. Wm. Wood, dec. Dr. Wood. 
28 Mar. 1797. Marsh, dec. Wilson. 

1 Dec. 1798. Latter, dec. Wade. 

lo 28 Apr. 1801. Parry, (f^c. Wright. 22 Oct. 1801. Jas. Wood, 
dec. Dr Whitmore. 

26 Oct. 1802. Josh. Smith, dec. Fawcett. 

10 Oct. 1804. Catton, dec. Smith. 

11 Mar. 1806, Romney, dec. Dr Gisborne. 31 May 1806. Boon, 
1 5 dec. Latter. 3 Dec. 1806. Littledale, dec. Romney. 

21 May 1807. Mainwaring, dec. Wm. Wood. 3 Jul. 1807. Mil- 
lers, dec. Marsh. 

24 Oct. 1808. Walker, dec. Millers. 
6 Nov. 1809. Bradshaw, dec. Boon. 
20 27 Jan. 1810. Gill, dec. Mainwaring; Ch. Walker, dec. Parry. 
9 Sept. 1810. Gawthrop, dec. Bradshaw. 

2 Jun. 1813. Palmer, dec. Wm. Walker. 

4 Mar. 1815. Whitfeld, dec. Wood. 31 Jul. 1815. Rushworth. 
dec. Gill. 
25 4 Apr. 1816. Biakeney, dec. Gawthrop. 

12 Feb. 1817. Calvert (Jackson), dec. Dr Pennington, 
Feb. 1821. Hornbuckle, dec. Littledale. 

Mar. 1823. Dobson, dec. Calvert. May 1823. Tatham, dec, 
Whitfeld. Sept. 1823. Biigh, dec. Rushworth. 


30 4 Apr. 1827. Arth. Judd Carrighan B.D., F., dec. Hornbuckle. 

Aug. 1830. Chas. Blick B.D., F., dec. Dobson. 

Sept. 1832. Sherard Becher B.D., Keyton, dec. Bligh ; Jas. Com- 
meline B.D., F., dec. Stannard. 

Jul. 1833. Wm. Jones B.D., F., dec. Carrighan. 
35 10 May 1834. Rd. Jeffreys B.D., ThimUehy, dec. Wm. Jones. 

29 Jan. 1838. T. Tylecote B.D., F., dec. Catton. 

27 Mar. 1838. Jo. Cowling M.A., Ashton, dec. Tylecote. 

9 May 1839. Thos. Crick B.D., F., dec. Tatham. 

2 May 1840. Jo. Fred. Isaacson JB.D., F., dec. Palmer. 6 Jun. 
40 1840. Jo. Hymers B.D., Lupton, dec. Isaacson. 

22 Jun. 1842. Wm. Hallows Miller M.D., F., dec. Jeffreys. 

9 Nov. 1844. Wm. Keeling B.D., Halitreholme, dec. W. H. Mil- 
ler M.D. 

11 Oct. 1845. Jo. Chas. Snowball M.D., F., dec. Cowling. 


18 Jul. 1846. Hen. Thompson B.D., F., dec. Keeling. 

9 May 1848. Chas. Merivale B.D., F., dec. Blick. 

14 Oct. 1848. Jo. Robinson Hutchinson B.D., Fell, dec. Crick. 

16 Mar. 1849. Geo. Hen. Marsh B.D., F., dec. Merivale. 

20 Mar. 1852. Vv^m. Hen. Bateson B.D., Gregson, dec. Becher. 5 
24 Nov. 1852. Fred. Wm. Portlock CoUison B.D., F., dec. Marsh. 

4 Feb. 1853. Edward Brumell B.D., F., dec. Commeline. 13 Oct. 
1853. Geo. Fred. Reyner B.D., F., dec. Dr Hymers. 

18 Oct. 1854. Fras. Llewelyn Lloyd B.D., Bailey, dec. CoUison. 
11 Dec. 1854. Fras. France B.D., Ashton, dec. Brumell. lo 

6 June 1855. Hen. Thompson M.D., Simpson, dec. Hen. Thomp- 
son B.D. 10 Nov. 1855. Rob. Ellis, F., dec. Dr Snowball. 

7 May 1856. Basil Williams, F., dec. Blakeney. 
6 Feb. 1857. Jas. Atlay, i^., dec. Bateson. 

9 Mar. 1859. Wm. Chas. Sharpe, Gregson, dec. Lloyd. 22 Nov. i5 
1859. Rob. Bickersteth Mayor, F., dec. Dr Atlay. 

[By the new statutes there is no election to the seniority.] 



25 Apr. an. 1. Edw. 6. [28 Jan. 1547—27 Jan. 1548.] Thos. Faw- 
den ; Christopher Browne. 

25 Apr. 1548. Jas. Pilkynton 'diaconus.' 23 Sept. an. 2. Edw. 6. 
[28 Jan. 1548—27 Jan. 1549.] Jo. Tomson ; Thos. Lever, ' eodem die 
5 et anno, a.d. 1548.' 

Michaelmas 1550. Jo. Raulyn ; Rd. Hide. 

25 Apr. 1551. Lancelot Thexton. 

25 Apr. 1552. Rog. Kelk. Michaelmas 1552. Leon. Pilkyngton 
* diaconus.' 
lo Michaelmas 1560. Thos. JefiFerey 'minister.' 

Michaelmas 1561. Rd. Lougeworth 'diaconus.' 

24 Dec. 1562. Jo. Twidall. 

20 Dec. (1562 or 1563 1) Jo. Daubney. 

20 Mar. 156f. Wm. Fidke. 25 Apr. 1565. Rd. Coortesse; Ed- 
15 ward Bulkeley; 01. Carter. 29 Sept. 1565. Jo. Dakins. 

25 Apr. 1566. Edward Hansbeus ; Jo. Grmidye. Michaelmas 
1566. Jo. Lindsey. 

St Mark 1567. Lewis Williams. 

Michaelmas 1568. Thos. Smith ; Wm. Clerk ; Rob. Rhodes ; Chris- 
20 topher Kyrkland ; Eras. Garthsyd ; Jo. Lawson. 

16 Mar. 15fa. Rd. Faucet. Mark^ 1570. Ste. Cardinall ; Thos. 

Michaelmas 1572. Jas. Taylor ; Laur. Wasshington. 
Mark 1573. Jo. Wolfenden. 
25 Mark 1574. Christopher Webbs ; Geo. Still ; Edm. Price ; Maur. 

Jo. Bapt. 1577- Jo. Fawcett. 

(St) Mark 1578. Jas. Hyll ; Andr. Downes ; Laur. Stantonl Mi- 
chaelmas 1578. Dan. Munsey. 
30 St Mark 1579. Thos. Atkinson. 

1 [From Cardinall to Jas. Hyll (1580).] 
(1578) the 'Sancti' before the saint's ^ [Downes and Stanton erased.] 

name is omitted. So by Deiose 


Michaelmas 1580. Andr. Bordman ; Laur. Deiose. 

St Mark 1681. Simon Robson ; Ant. Pliggin. 

St Mark 1584. Wm. Bayly; Fras. Snell ; Jo. Robinson. 

Michaelmas 1585. Hen. Alvey. 

St Mark 1587. Rd. Claiton. Michaelmas [1587]. Eleazer Knox. 5 

St Mark 1588. Edward Wollaston. 

St Mark 1589. Rd. Mote ; Rog. Morrell ; Arth. Johnson ; Hen. 

St Mark 1590. Rd. Harries. 

Michaelmas 1591. Jo. Harrison ; Thos. Playfere. lo 

Michaelmas 1592. Jo. Allenson. 

St Mark 1593. Christopher Powell ; Thos. Bends ; Wm. BilJings- 
ley. Michaelmas 1593. V/rn. Pratt. 

St Mark 1596. Wm. Nelson. 

Michaelmas 1597. Rob. Hill. ^5 

St Mark 1598. Wm. Holland. 

St Mark 1601. Owen Gwyn. Michaelmas 1601. Abdias As- 

St Mark 1603. Val. Carey. 

Michaelmas 1606. Christopher Foster. 2o 

St Mark 1608. Nathaniel Wybarn ; Thos. Horsmanden ; Rd. Sen- 

St Mark 1609. Rob. Lane ; Rd. Sibbs. 

Michaelmas 1612. Laur. Burnell ; Mark Mott. 


Notandum quod nomina hie et alibi m registro apponuntur ab 25 
ipsis electis propriis ipsorum manibus, exceptis nonnullis^. 


Michaelmas 1612. Mark Mott. 
St Mark 1613. Jas. Assheton. 
St Mark 1614. Thos. Spell; Jo. SneH. 
St Mark 1616. Rob. Metcalfe. 
St Mark 1621. Andr. Woodes. 
Michaelmas 1622. Fras. Cooper; Edward Younge. 
St Mark 1625. Jo. Symonds. 
St Mark 1629. Thos. Thornton; Dan. Ambrose. 
St Mark 1630. Wm. Bodurda. 35 

Michaelmas 1631. Ra. Coates ; Amias Ridding. 
Michaelmas 1634. Thos. Huett ; Tim. Hutton sen'; Pet. Sen- 
house ; Sam. Peachie. 

St Mark 1636. Thos. Tirwhitt. 

1 [Here Baker terminates the catalogue.] 

A.D. 1580—1681. 335 

Michaelmas 1638. Rodolpli Carr, 
St Mark 1640. Fras. Blechynden ; 01. Dand. 
St Mark 1641. Artli. Heron. Michaelmas 1641. Rob. Nicholson. 
Michaelmas 1642. Thos. Wombwell. 
5 St Mark 1643. Thos. Mason. Michaelmas 1643. Wm. Broxolme. 
' eodem assignati ad catechizandum.' Thorold ; Masterson ; Jude ; 
Rogers ; Wrench ; Lacy. 

Michaelmas 1644. Cat} Clarke ; Lane ; Barwick se. ; Richard- 
son ; Topping ; Winterburne. 
lo St Mark 1645. Cat. Cawdry ; Hvitton ; Morgan; Hardware; 
Berisford; Watts. 29 Sept. 1645. Cat. Stoyt ; Worrall ; Bird; 
Beecher ; Hodges ; Lauson. 

Michaelmas 1646. Thos. Hodges. 29 Sept. 1646. Cat. Mow- 
bray ; Creswick ; Sikes : Pauson ; Collier ; Houlden. 
15 (No date) Hughes. 

St Mark 1662. Edw. Webster. Michaelmas 1662. Ambrose. 
3 Nov. 1662. Fulthorpe, Dunelmensis. 

6 Jul. 1663. Brian Turner*^ 'electus concionator in festo S'i Mi- 
chaelis ex tenore mandati regii.' 
20 St Mark 1664. Sam. Fuller. 10 Oct. 1664. Jo. Lucas for Mi- 

St Mark 1666. Rob. Cory. Michaelmas 1666. Rob. Clarke. 3 
Sept. 1666 for Michaelmas. Thos. Woolsey. 

4 May 1667. Thos. Smoult for St Mark. Michaelmas 1667. Da. 
25 Morton. Elected on St Mark's day 1667. Huraphr. Gower for St 

3 Apr. 1669. Wm. Potter for St Mark. ' 
St Mark 1673. Thos. Watson. 
24 Nov. 1674. Thos. Cox, for Michaelmas. 
30 St Mark 1676. Hen. Wastell. Michaelmas 1676. Clifford Thirlby. 
2 Oct. 1676. Malin Sorsby for St Mark. 

1 Sept. 1677. Ca?. Gould; Orchard; Oldham. 18 Sept. 1677. 
Cat. Broughton ; Ashton. Michaelmas. 1677. Jo. Boughton ; Chas. 
35 28 Feb. 167|. Cat. Fr. Roper. 2 Mar. 167f. Jos. Johnston. 
St Mark. Apr. 25, 1678. Thos. Broughton; Wm. Gould; Rd. 
Oldham ; Wm. Ashton. 

Michaelmas 1679. Arth. Orchard. 15 Dec. 1679. Cat. Davison ; 
40 St Mark. 25 Apr. 1680. Yarburg Reresby. 

16 Jul. 1681. Cat. Matt. Mason. Michaelmas 1681. Mktth. 

1 From this date there are many ^ From this time the preachers 

entries 'assignati ad catechizandum,' for Michaelmas and St Mark's day 

which are here denoted by Cat. All (see Stat. Eliz. 22) are often entered 

entries not specified as those of cate- as elected at some earlier date. 
chizers, are of preachers. 


St Mark. 25 Apr. 1682. Thos. Verdon. 15 Jul. 1682. Cat. Thos. 

St Mark. 25 Apr. 1683. Thos. Leche. Michaelmas 1683. Wm. 

21 Jul. 1687. Cat. Baker ; Dawkins. Michaelmas 1687. Geo. 5 

31 Jan. 168^. Thos. Baker for St Mark. 
St Mark. 25 Apr. 1690. Jo. Newton. 
St Mark. 25 Apr. 1691. Wigley. 

Michaelmas 1696. Pet. Nourse. 10 

Michaelmas 1697. Benj. Conway. 

26 Feb. 1702 Cat. Thos. Bennet. 12 Jun. 1701. Thos. Ben- 
net for Michaelmas. 

(No date) Cat. Jas. Allgood. 

Jul. 1704. Jas. Allgood for Michaelmas. 15 

22 Dec. 1705. Cat. Christopher Anstey. 
25 Apr. 1706. Christopher Anstey. 

St Mark. 5 Nov. Thos. Bosvile for St Mark 1705 [sic]. 

18 Mar. 170|. Jo. Drake for St Mark. 

8 Jul. 1709. Edmundson for Michaelmas. 20 

7 Jul. 1710. Christopher Anstey for Michaelmas. 

23 Apr. 1711. Bz. Rowse for St Mark. 20 May 1711. Cat. 
Feild. Michaelmas 1711. Feild. 


I Feb. 171§. Cat. Pearson. 10 Mar. Hlf. Pearson for St Mark. 

II May 1714. Cat. Perkins. 9 Jul. 1714. Perkins for Michael- 25 

26 May 1716. Cat. Goodwin. 6 Jul. 1716. Goodwin for Mi- 
chaelmas. 27 Sept. 1716. Farington for Michaelmas. 

25 Apr. 1718. Cat. Fenwick. 8 May 1718. Smith for St Mark. 
30 Jun. 1718. Fenwick for Michaelmas. ^o 

14 Jan. 17ff. Cat. L'Isle. 13 Apr. 1719. L'Isle for St Mark. ^ 
10 Jul. 1719. Cat. Shaw. 29 Aug. 1719. Shaw for Michaelmas 

22 May 1722. Cat. Grove jun. 17 Sept. 1722. Grove jun, for 

10 Apr. 1723. Cat. Drake sen. 3 Jul. 1723. Drake sen. for St 35 

6 Aug. 1725. Cat. Nairne. 28 Sept. 1725. Nairne for Michael- 

21 Aug. 1728. Cat. Drake. 4 Oct. 1728. Drake for Michaelmas. 
17 Dec. 1728. (7(2i(. Peake ; Downes. 40 



18 Jan. I72f. 

Cat. Cayley. 21 Apr. 1729. Cayley and Downes 

both for Michaelmas. 7 May 1729. Cat. Williams. 

4 Jul. 1729. 

Peake for Michaelmas. 27 Nov. 1729. 


for St Mark. 

5 11 Oct. 1729. 

Cat. Fogg. 

4 Mar. \1^. 

Fogg for St Mark. 10 Jul. 1730. Cat. Hussey. 

4 Sept. 1730. Hussey for Michaelmas. 

17 Jun. 1732. 

Cat. Beresford. 

1 Feb. 173f. 

Beresford for St Mark. 


TO 18 Dec. 1736. 

I THE FOURTH REGISTER, pp. 234, 235. 

Cat. Parnham. 

Jul. 1738. Cat. Lipyeatt^ 

15 Apr. 1740. 

Lipyeat for Michaelmas. 

8 JiU. 1742. 

Cradock for Michaelmas. 

22 Mar. 174|. 

Burnaby for Michaelmas. 

15 4 Mar. 1743. 

Weston for Michaelmas. 22 May 1744 


for Michaelmas. 

17 Aug. 1744. 

Culm for Michaelmas. 24 Aug. 1744. 

Prime for 


26 Feb. I74f. 

Alvis for Michaelmas. 15 Nov. 1746. Dr Tunstall 

20 for St Mark. 

26 Jan. I74f. 

Green for St Mark. 

23 Sept. 1749 

Laxton for Michaelmas. 

31 May 1750. 

Mainwaring for St Mark. 

5 Jul. 1751. 

Burne for Michaelmas. 31 Oct. 1751. 

Holme for 

25 St Mark. 

6 Feb. 1753. 

Lindsey for St Mark. 

10 Feb. 1759. 

Eeynolds for St Mark. 

21 Feb. 1760. 

Johnston for St Mark. 26 Sept. 1760. 

Dr Ross 

for Michaelmas. 

30 17 Jan. 1761. 

Ashcroft for St Mark. 

28 Jan. 1763. 

Dean for St Mark. 4 Jul. 1763. Frampton for 


15 Mar. 1765. 

Bacon for Michaelmas '^. 

1 The last mention of a catechizer. 

^ The last notice of a preacher in the register. 




Reverendus in Christo pater Ioanites episcopus LiisrcoLNiBiirsis, 
custos magni sigilli, et divi Petri Westmonasteriensis decanus, liuius 
collegii olim alumnus sociusque, necnon academise Cantabrigiensis 
procurator, hanc splendidam bibliothecam preeter duos socios et 
quatuor scholares fundauit. At non contenta liisce magnificis sedibus, 5 
tarn eflfusa honoratissimi prgesulis benignitas proi)ri8e bibiiotliecae 
libros (vti patet ex syngrapha) nobis dicavit. In cuius rei (0 quantum 
nostris Musis munus et munimen !) memoriam honestandam, societas 
loannensis hunc chartaceum parietem extruxit. 

RoDOLPHUs Hare Vir integcrrimus et spectatissimus, in comi- lo 
tatu Norfolciensi prudens et gravis irenarcha, et honoratissimi ordinis 
qui a Balneo insignitur mUes, trecentas libras ad extruendam hanc 
splendidiss. bibliothecam dedit. Sed et rectoriam de Marrham ac ius 
patronatus vicarise huic coUegio gratissima manu et modestiore con- 
scieutia^ in perpetuimi contulit. Quern ad benefaciendum permovit 15 
(0 sanctissima ambitio) nostra indigentia. Dignus profecto, quern 
nos et seri nepotes numquam intermorituris laudibus prosequamur. 

^["Mi':7;a6o-uj'oi'CollegijDiui Joan- where is a transcript by me from 

nis EuangelistaB in Academia Canta- the original book, lent to me in July 

brigiensi, Vniuersffi Societatis Sump- 1780 by the master Dr Chevallier, 

tibus exaratum exornatumque in where are depicted all the arms, as 

piam memoriam pientissimas He- in the original ; of which Mr Baker, 

roinse MARGAEET^ Comitiss^ as of things of no value, takes no 

de Richmondia et Derbia, Henrici kind of notice : though bp. Lloyd 

Septimi Matris, NobilissiniEe Fun- of Norwich his arms (and another) 

datricis huius Collegij : et Reuerendi is in the list ; though without any 

in Christo] Pi tris lOANNIS Epis- writing to say to whom they be- 

copi Lincolniensis, qui Magnificen- longed, which no doubt Mr Baker 

tiss. hanc bibliothecam fundauit, knew, as they were depicted while 

aliorumque Munificentiss. Benefac- he was in the college. Wm. Cole, 

torum, Deuotissimi OfiBcij simul et Sunday 30 July, 1780." "To Sir 

debitEe Gratitudinis Ergo. 1628." Crashaw of Pemb. [for] drawing the 

With a portrait of Lady Margaret, pictures in book of benefactors to 

one of Chas. I. and one of VVilharas the library, Jul. 11. 1635, 13?. 6s. 8d." 

(these two on canvas), and the arms Baker in MS. Harl. 7047 p. 255 cited 

of the several benefactors. MS. in the by Hartshorn e, JBooJc rarities 333 n.] 
library (K. 18). Cole (MS. 49, 391) ^ Given upon reading Sir H. Spel- 

says: "See my vol. 57, 341 — 359, man's book. 


Thomas Moeton sacree theologifs doctor, eccles. cathedral. Glo- 
cestrensis et Wintoniensis decanus, primum ad Cestrensem prsesula- 
tum euectus, mox ad Couentriam et Lichfeld. translatus, postea vero 
ad Dunelmum, vbi nunc floret magnum rei literarise sydus, huius 
5 Colleg'ij quondam soeius, exquisita librorum volumina ad tercentum 
valorem minarum (prseter trecentas minas libris postea impensas in 
usum bibliothecse) huic bibliothecse gratissimge mentis et memorise 
arrham dedit. Cujus dignissimi prsesulis, vel nobis tacentibuSj-^ 

Dijs pietas 
lo Et Musa cordi est. 

Henricus Wriothesley comes Soutliamptoniensis bare de 

Wriothesley et Ticlifeild, eques preecellentiss. ordinis periscelidis, 

capitaneus insulee Vectee, et serenissimsje maiestati ab arcanis con- 

silijs, trecentas et sexaginta libras ad instruendam bibliothecam 

15 desideratissimis libris munifice impendit. 

Integerrimus Gtjliblmus dominus Howard baro de Naworth, 

filius natu secundus Thomse Howard inclytiss. ducis Norfolcise, re- 

gise Maiestati a sanctioribus consilijs, equitis nobilissimi ordinis 

garteriorum, dedit libros exoptatiss. ad centum valorem librarum, 

20 deuotissimse mentis gratissimum testimonium. 

Valentikus Carey sacrse theologise doctor, ecclesise cathedralis 
divi Pauli Londini decanus, postea Exoniensis episcopus, huius collegii 
quondam soeius, nuper diuorum catalogo adscriptus, done dedit desi- 
deratissima voliunina juridica ad valorem quinquaginta minarum. 
25 Cuius mimificentise memor interpres est hoc chartaceum avrlSiapoy, 
neque deerit posteris mens gratissima. 

David Dolben vir plus et grauis, sacrosanctse theologise doctor, 
Bangorensis nuper episcopus, huic coUegio, cuius ipse olim meritissi- 
mus alumnus, grati animi ergo viginti legavit minas, quibus triginta 
30 et vnum volumina Hebraica conquisitissima empta sunt. 

Prsenobilis Ioannes dominus Carie de Hunsdon vicecomes Roch- 

ford, nobilissimi Henrici comitis Doner filius prhnogenitus, post- 

quam hie nobiscum bonarum literarum studiis operam aliquandiu 

nauasset, in fidelem rei memoriam dedit huic collegio libros ad cen- 

35 tum valorem minarum honoris et gratitudinis ergo. 

Reverendus in Christo pater ac dominus, D. Ioannes Hackett, 
episcopus Coventriensis et Lichfieldiensis, pro ea qua ubique prse- 
claruit munificentia ad nostram banc porro adornandam bibliothecam 
quinquaginta minas libris impendendas done dedit. 

40 Reverendus admodum in Christo pater ac dominus, D. Petrus 
Gunning hujus coUegij meritissimus nuper praefectus, ac S. S. theo- 



logiae professor regiiis, episcopus nunc Ciccstrensis, postquam trecen- 
tas libras ad extruendam juxta quam sita est bibliotheca aream 
effusissima liberalitate expenderat, ad bibliothecam ipsam usque 
instruendam pergens vir indefesse munificus, venerabilis viri doctoris 
Edmundi Castelli Lexicon Heptaglottum tanquam tilterioris benefi- 5 
centise arrhabonem dedit. 

Thomas Wbntworth abnepos et hseres Tliomae comitis Straf- 
fordii, ubi tantus progenitor maximarum virtutum rudimenta olim 
acceperat, accessit hue nuper suarum etiam ibi fundamenta positurus ; 
eoque et sibi et nobis felici eventu, ut incertum sit Musas nostras 10 
exemplo magis an munificentia exomavit ; primum bibliothecam hanc 
rhetorum poetarumque Latlnorum regia ilia, quae Delphino erudi- 
endo erat parata, auxit editione ; mox ad eandem evolvendam 
nobiliorum adolescentium animos appensa sui efEgie excitavit ; 
postea porro praefecto misit clarissimi aban imaginem ab exemplari 1 5 
apud Wentworth-woodhouse servato descriptam, inter ornamenta 
hujusce domus et illustriora nomina reponendam, imaginem in Bri- 
tannorum omnium animis ferendam perpetuo, ac a nostro ejus abne- 
pote aliquando exprimendam. Denique, ut ex amore erga nos suo 
accedat et in aula mensis nostris elegantia, duplice vase argenteo 20 
magni pretij, formee pulcherrimse, artificii summi, nos donavit ; 
quorum otiuni non tantum literatum, sed splendidum etiam ac plane 
magnificum esse voluit. MDCCXVIII. 

RoBERTUS Heath eques auratus, inclytissimo principi Carolo regi 
atturnatus generalis, huius coUegij quondam alumnus, dedit con- 25 
quisitissima conciliorum Yolumina ad valorem viginti minarum, gra- 
tissimse mentis non vulgare testimonium. 

Edovaedus Benlowes armiger, nuper ad mensam sociorum com- 
mensalis, postquam hie nobiscuni bonis Uteris operam feliciter nauas- 
set, in gratissimi animi testimonium hanc bibliothecam libris ad valo- 30 
rem quinquaginta minarum necnon duobus insignioribus globis men- 
sisque et ahis conquisitis ornamentis mirifice instruxit. Sed et illius 
in dies porrectior in sedes Johannenses mens et manus. Novissime 
autem pium poemation, proprise Minervee foetum, huius bibliothecfe 
gremio memori mente consecrant. 35 

Qusedam etiam in hoc librorum gazopliylacium gratitudinis suce 
sereola officiose immisit Robertus Mason LL. Doctor ^ huius coUegii 
D. Joannis Euangelistse Cantabr. olim alumnus et socius, et academic 
procurator unus, idemque reverendissimisjn Christo patribus Richar- 
do et Gualtero Winton. successive epis cancellarius. In insula 40 
Vectis et per oras maritimas totius agri Southamptoniensis vice- 
admiralitatis judex regia commissione constitutus, postea ab ipso 
Carolo rege in magistrum libcUorum supplicum accitus. 

[1 See above p. 292, 1. 37 with n. 10.] 


ItoBBRTUS Metcalfe S.T.D. linguse sanctije professor regius, 
hujus collegij quondam socius, gratitudinis ergo centum minas con- 
quirendis in usum bibliotliecse hujus libris testamento suo moriens 

5 losEpHTJS Thurston S.T.B., collegij nostri non ita pridem socius 
senior, ecclesies de Beckingham in agro Lincolniensi rector dignissi- 
nius, gratum animum etiam in ultimis testatus, quinquaginta libras 
ad bibliothecam banc auctius instruendam legavit. 

Griffith Bodurda armiger, ad promovendas bonas literas, quas 
T o olim in hoc coUegio satis feliciter coluit, Biblia sacra Polyglotta Wal- 
toniana voluminibus sex elegantissimis comprehensa (nobile sui p-vrjuo- 
(Tvvov) grato animo bibliothecse huic dicavit. 

Allenus Hbnman, hujus collegij nuper socius senior, vir gravis 

et prudens, noluit se asymbolum exuere sodalitio; sed, ut rei quam 

15 semper coluit literarise sequus existimator, decem minas libris coe- 

mendis dicatas in amoris juxta et gratitudinis tesseram sponte disce- 

dens liberaliter reliquit. 

Tobias Rustatt armiger, augustissimo regi Carolo 2do. a vesti- 
bus, vir effusissima undique et multiplici beneficentia insignis et de 
20 republica literaria optime meritus, bibliothecam etiam banc nostram 
suis decem librarum impensis auctiorem reddidit. 

Cadwallader Iones A.m. ecclesise parocliialis de Reresby in 

agro Leicestrensi rector, collegij olim nutritii non inmemor, decem 

minas sedificiis ibidem novissimis promovendis totidemque compa- 

25 randis in usum bibliothecae libris animo gratissimo lubentissimoque 

elargitus est. 

Samuel Howlett A.M. hujus coUegii nupen-ime socius, vir orna- 
tissimus, optimus, prseter quinquaginta libras surgentibus jam turn 
arefe tertise parietibus impensas, et prseter nonnuUos quos dum in 
30 vivis erat bibliothecse huic dicavit, libros omne genus (quotquot in 
museo babuit ad unum omnes) Italicos, Galileos, Hispanicos, forte 
et Teutonicos (octoginta plus minus volumina) suprema voluntate 

Reverendus vir D. Lambrochius Thomas S.T.D. ecclesiee cathe- 

35 clralis Cicestrensis decanus, pro singulari quo collegium hoc nostrum 

prosecutus est affectu, Bibliorum sacrorum yLokvykarrav editionis 

Waltonianee sex ingentia et vere regia volumina bibliothecse huic 

ultima cera conscripsit^ 

[1 Here follow the arms of Wm. Lloyd bp. of Norwich, witliout any 


EiOARDUS Hill Salopiensis, olim hujus coUegij socius, optimo 
regi Gulielmo 3''". ab epistolis Latinis, dein qusestor exercituum sub 
eodem principe Belgijs militantium, atque eodem tempore ablegatus 
extraordiuarius apud serenissimum principem Emanuelem Bavaria- 
rum electorem Belgarum prsefectum. Idem post pacem Resvicse 5 
stabilitam a rege sue ad serenissimos principes Lotharingise et Sa- 
baudise duces ablegatus extra ordinem missus, tandemque post no- 
vennium domum reversus, inter supremos serarii commissaries nume- 
ratus, hos libroSj viz*, thesauros Rom. et Grsec. Ant. collec. Gronov. 
et Grsev. vol. 23 comprehen. una cum Gatakeri oper., huic bibliothe- i<- 
cse gratitudinis et benevolentise suae pignus obtulit^. 



Thin Red Book in the College Treasury. 

1. ' Hec sunt Jocalia recepta a Magistro Henrico Horneby uno 
executorum excellentissime principisse Margarete rycbmundie et 
darbey ac fmidatricis nostre prima die ISTovembris anno regni Hen- 
rici octavi quarto.' [A cross, images of S. Margaret, S. Anne, S. Peter, 1 5 
S. Antony and S. George, a pax with an image of Our Lady, 2 can- 
dlesticks, a chalice with patine, to the value of £107. 9^. 4c?.] fol. 4 a 

2. ' Hec sunt Jocalia Inventa in CoUegio Sancti Johannis evan- 
geliste In prime adventu M" huius CoUegii.' Only 5 items, fol. 4 b 20 

3. An imperfect index of names, fol. 5 b. 

4. ' Hereafter ensueth certain plate and other Juels belongyng 
to the Colege of Saynt Johne in Cambrige and deliuerde to the cus- 
tody and charge of master Alan Percy master of the saide Colege to 25 
the vse of the saide Colege the xxvij*'' day of July the viij"" yer of 
kyng Henry the viij* that is to say : 

' Plate and Juels of the gift of the noble Princesse margarete 
late Countess of Richmond and Darby and fundatrice of the said 
Colege' (as in 1). fol. 6 a. ~q 

5. ' Plate belongyng to the said Colege of St Johns before the 
fundacon therof ' [and redemyd by our foundres goods. Bp. Fisher].^ 
fol. a b. 

6. ' Plate geAryn to the saide Colege by the Reuerend Fader in 
Gode John the bishope of Rochester.' fol. 6 b. ^ r 

1 This was drawn up and sent Eich.Hill [Another coat of arms fol- 
down to the College by himself; viz. lows Hill's, without any inscription.] 


7. 'Plate belongynge to the saide Colege which was leide in 
plegge to Doctor Robynson and now redeniyd out of thandes of 
thexecutors of the said doctor' [by our foundres goodes. Bp. Fisher f\, 
fol. 7 a. 
5 8. A latin statute, very incorrectly written. To foster scholastic 
disputations, then falling into disuse owing to the study of the 
classics, the students are directed to take one of their problems for 
disputation from the Antonianae [of Antonius Andreas] on Porphyry 
or Aristotle. One philosophical problem must be taken from Buridan, 

1 o unless the lecturer allows Tartarius [Petrus Tartaret ?] or Joannes 

de Magistris. The senior fellows are free to choose their questions 
from Aristotle or Plato ; the junior are required to select one from 
Scotus. fol. 8 b. 

9. A latin statute appointing a second lecturer, because of the 
IS increase of students. One lecturer to be junior dean. The questions 

of Antonius to supply the subjects of lectures and disputations, fol. 

9 ab. 

10. A latin letter of thanks [to Fisher] for his private chapel 
['sacellum speciosum et ftlenum dignitatis non fundasti solum sed 

2 exstruxisti atque ad iustam magnitudinem provexisti, vt et orna- 

mentum collegii nostri et nobilitatis tue esse possit. Quod cum inter 
duo intercollumina equabiliter situm omne illud occupet spacium, et 
pinnaculis perpolitis in altitudine adductum affabre in quadrum redi- 
gatur, incredibile est quantum dum oculis cernimus specie et situ 
25 dignitatis et gratie aflfert ad aspectum, amplitudine autem et emi- 
nentia sua doctoris Tomsoni sacellum mirum quantum anteeat']. fol. 

10 a b. 

11. Lease 20 Sept. an. 33 Hen. 8, to Wm. Tailer of Walton co. 
Berb. yeoman, of their parsonage of Northstoke Oxf. with mansion 

30 houses, tithes and 100 acres of arable land, also their tithes of corn 
and wood, excepting their tithes of wool and lambs, fol. 11. 

12. Lease 20 Sept. an. 33 Hen. 8, to Christ''. Sanderson yeoman 
of Beverley, of the manor of Millington co. Yk. fol. 12. 

13. Lease 20 Sept. an. 33 Hen. 8 to Lawrance Eresbie, gent, of 
35 tenements, rents, services, meadows, salt marshes, saltcotes, etc. in 

the parishes of Holbeche, Whaplode, and Gedney. fol. 13. 

14. ' Tabula totius libri.' fol. 14 a— 16 a. [The foliation is dif- 
ferent from the present.] 

15. ' 1542. Rev''", in Christo Patri ac Domino D. Thome Eliensi 
40 Bpiscopo.' [The letter mentioned above p. 118, 1. 16]. fol, 17 a. 

16. 'Hie sequuntur nomina librorum receptorum per me Ro- 
bertum Shorton pro libraria dicti collegii. . .' ult. Sept. an. reg. Hen. 8^' 
tertio.' 'Obligatio Joye.... Wynkyn.... Pynson.' fol. 18 a — 19 a. 

Printed by Hymers, Fisher's Fun. Serm. pp. 207 — 209. 

17. Deed dated 16 May 1541, constitutmg Rob. Johnson, Jo. 
45 Talkar, Jo. Herynge and Jo. Kidd, proctors of the Arches court, the 

college proctors, fol. 19. 



18 — 26. Leases dated 20 Aug. 32 Hen. 8 of tenements and small 
pieces of land in Marflete, Uppowle and Atwicke. fol. 20 — 29. ft". 20, 
21 are burnt in the margin. 

27. Lease dated 20 Oct. 32 Hen. 8. of tenement and land in 
Marflete. fol. 30. 5 

28. Lease dated 28 Aug. 32 Hen. 8. of a pasture in Marflete, 
called Saulthowke. fol. 31 a, 

29. Lease dated 20 Aug. 32 Hen. 8. of a tenement and land in 
Marflete. fol. 31 b. 32 a. 

30. Lease dated 20 Jan. 32 Hen. 8. to Phil. Heywarde, of their i o 
tenement, Westhall field, Currer's lands and certain other lands and 
pightells called Wastells at Moche Bradley co. Suff. fol. 33. 

31. Lease dated same day of 14 acres to Thos. Johnson of Drye 
Drayton, fol. 34 a, 

32. Lease dated same day to Ranulphe Hall gent, of Horningsey 1 5 
of lands etc. in Multon and Whaplode, Line. fol. 34 b. 35 a. 

33. Lease dated same day to Hugh Hare of Cambridge hus- 
bandman, of tenements, barns etc. in the parish of St Giles and St 
Peter, and " all the lands medows fedynges and pastures called mores 
lands which were lately purchased off Doctor Thomson conteyning by 20 
estimacon tenne score and seventeen acres be it more or lesse lyeng 
withm the feldes of Cambridge Gotten or JSTewnham." fol. 35 b. 36 a. 

34. Deed of sale (Latin) dated 8 Oct. 33 Hen. 8 to Thos. Gepson 
labourer of Melbourne, of a tenement with a close there for £6. 13s. 4.d. 
fol. 37. 25 

35. Account (in English) of the difficulties overcome by Bp. 
Fisher in the foundation of the college, fol. 38 — 40 a. 

Printed (from a copy supplied by Baker) in Vol. II. Append. No. 
xi. pp. 277 — 282 of Lewis' Life of Fisher (Lond. 1S55) ; by Hyniers 
in his edition of Fisher's Fun. Serm. on Lady Margaret, pp. 183 — 189 ; ^o 
in Cooper's Memorials of Cambridge. 

36. Lease dated 26 Jul. 34 Hen. 8 to Rauff Anthon (Auchon ?) 
of a tenement and land in Danthorp in Holdernes. fol. 40 b. 41 a. 

37. ' Vestimenta et alia ornamenta recepta a magistro et sociis 
Collegii Christi per mandatum et assignationem episcopi Roflfensis, 35 
anno regis Henrici octavi tertio primo die Julij.' fol. 42, 43. Com- 
prising vestments and chapel furniture. 

38. 'Certain ornamentes belongynge to the chapell of Saynt 
Johns in Cambrige of the olde fundacon,' fol. 44 — 45 a. 

39. A letter (English) from Hen. VII. to his mother Lady Mar- 40 
garet, concerning the appointment of her confessor Fisher to a 
bishopric, fol. 45 b. 

See Lewis, Life of Fisher, i. 13, 14. Printed in the appendix to 
Baker's edition of Fisher's Fun. Serm. on Lady Margaret, p. 41; ed. 
Hymers, p. 163. ^^ 

40. A letter (English) from some college (to Lady Margaret ?) 


thanking her for giving them a "ryght fayre cowcher' for their 
chapel, fol. 46 a. 

41. A protestation by Lady Margaret, in which before God and 
her confessor she vows the chastity of her body. fol. 47 a. 

5 See above, p. 62. 1. 2. Printed in Lewis Append. No. * iii. (II. 

258), in Communications to Camb. Ant. Soc. Vol. i. p. 72, and in Pen- 
nant's Journey from Chester to London (181 r) 540 n. 

42. Lease, dated 16 Mar. 1 Mary, to John Pynder gent, of the 
parsonage of Northstoke. fol. 47 b. 48 a. 

10 43. 2 Mar. 1554. Certificate (Latin) from Geo. Bullocke B.D. 
master of the college to the bp. of Ely. Has given notice to the pre- 
sident, fellows and scholars to appear before the bp. as visitor, fol. 48 b. 
See above, p. 143. 1. 21. 

44. Latin letter (Rochester without date) frombp. Fisher to Rd. 
15 Croke. fol. 49— 50 b. 

■ See above, p. 97. 1. 21. Printed by Hymers, pp. 2 to — 216. 

45. Bond of £600 dated 27 Jul. 16 Hen. 8 from the college to 
bp. Fisher for performance of covenant, fol. 51a. 

46. Bond of J400 dated 19 Aug. 16 Hon. 8 from the college to 
20 Thos. Lynacre M.D. king's physician, Cuthbert bp. of London, Thos. 

More kt. undertreasurer of England, Jo. Stokesley D.D. and Wm. 
Shelley Serjeant at law for performance of covenant, fol. 51b. 

47. Latin letter from the coll. (6 Cal. Oct.) to Rd. [Fox] bp. of 
Winchester, fol. 52. 53 a. 

2 5 Hopes that he vdll leave some memorial at Cambridge, as he has 
at Oxford. St John's college has a special claim on him ; if it were 
as well furnished with wealth as with learning and scholars, they 
need not importune any one. They are greatly in want of service 
books for their choir : they would also gladly receive scholarships of 

30 the bp's. foundation. His name occurring in all the college docu- 
ments naturally leads them to prefer their request to him. Hope 
that he will stand their friend with the bp. of Norwich (cf art. 50). 

48. List (cancelled) of bonds to Dr Thomson for payments for 
the stone house and the house at Thryplow between the years 1525 

35 and 1531. fol. 63b. 

49. Latin letter, dated 24 Jan., from the college to some power- 
ful patron, fol. 54. 

Fear that they will be forced to sell their estates and turn out 
their students to beg. Are without money; have sold almost all 
40 their plate, even that which was used on the altar. 

50. Cf. 47. Latin letter from the college to the bp. of Norwich. 
fol. 55 b— 56 b. 

Thanks for his reply to their petition, especially for the promise 
of books for the choir ; they urge dispatch ; for never has there been 
45 greater need than theirs, not even amongst Franciscans ; their only 
wealth is learning ; they have elected his student to a scholarship. 
Whatever gift — of fellowships, scholarships, or books, the bp. intends 
for the college, they pray him to bestow soon. 


51. Latin testimonials of Hen. Rieherdson B.A. scholar. 30 Mar. 
1541. fol. 57 a. 

52. Latin proxy to John Hart LL.B. to answer for the college, 
in Andr. Feme the vicechancellor's court, to articles given in against 
them by Jo. Blythe M.D. concerning Horningsey parsonage, fol. 57 b. 5 

See above p. 128 n. 1, Thick black book, pp. 54, 246, 422. 

53. Tripartite indenture (Latin) by Christ's college concerning 
money given them by bp. Fisher for the purchase of land to the 
yearly value of 40s., the profit to be distributed amongst the master, 
fellows and scholars, they undertaking to say mass and to pray for 1 
his soul. fol. 57 b — 59 a. 

Partly printed by Hymers, pp. 223 — 225. See above, p. 104. 

54. Lease, dated 20 Feb. 20 Hen. 8. to Edm. and Alex. Lyvesey 
of Little Markam Notts, of a manor house there and lands etc. lately 
bought of Rog. Lassellys esq. fol. 59 b. 60 a. 15 

55. List of 3 registers, of books, of deeds, of presentations and 
elections, fol. 60 b. 

56. * Registrum geaerale omnium bonorum collegii Divi Johan- 
iiis.' fol. 61—64 a. 

57. Bp. Fisher's gifts in money, plate, vestments etc. fol. 65 a. 20 
66 a, 

Printed by Lewis, pp. 296, 297 ; by Hymers, pp. 204—206 ; by 
Cooper, Memorials. 

58. General acquittance (Latin), dated 12 Jan. 33 Hen. 8, to 
Ranulph Hall, the college receiver, fol. 67 a. 25 

59. Tripartite indenture (English), dated 18 Apr. 16 Hen. 8, 
between the college and bp. Fisher, respecting his foundation of four 
fellowships and two scholarships, f. 68 — 72. 

Agrees in part with an indenture made 6 Mar. 12 Hen. 8 (printed 
in Early Statutes of St John's College. Cambr. 1859. pp. 346 — 348), 30 
but is much more full respecting the allowances to the bp's fellows, 
if priests, the stipends of the examiners, and of the Greek and 
Hebrew lecturers. At the end is an accomit of gifts received from 
the bp. 

60. Bond of J20, dated 30 Jul. 20 Hen. 8, to Eliz'" Throgge- 35 
merton abbess of St Clare (Denny abbey) ; the college engages to 
accept the award of Thos. Thirlebey clerk D.C.L. and J. Dakons 
B.C.L. respecting certain tithes claimed by the college on renewing 
the manor of Highe Hall in Horningsey. fol. 73. 

61. Letters testimonial : at the request of Sampson Wyvell gent. 40 
of Marsham co. Yk. the master, fellows etc. visited Hugh Ashton's 
tomb at York, 12 Jul. 3 and 4 Ph. and M. fol. 74 a. 

See above, p. 94 seq. Printed by Hymers, pp. 228, 229. 

62. Cf. 64. Latin letter dated prid. Kal. Feb. [1528], from the 
miiversity to bishop Fisher, fol. 75—76 a. 45 

See above, p. 96. 1. 33 seq. Printed by Hymers, pp. 217 — 220, 
Lewis Append. No. xxii. (11. 303—305) : cf. No. xxi. pp. 301 — 303. 

63. Appointment (Latin) of Edward Newell kt. steward of the 


manors of Osprynge and Hygham at a stipend of £3. 6s. 8d. 4 Sept. 
23 Hen. 8. fol. 76 b. 

64. Latin letter from bp. Fisher to the university (in reply to 62). 
Rochester 5 Kal. Mar. [1528]. fol. 77—78. 

5 See above p. 96. 1. 39 seq. Printed by Hymera pp. 220 — 223, 

Lewis Append. No. xxiii. pp.'^Jos — 307. 

65. Lease, dated 20 Feb. 20 Hen. 8. to Rob. Hoo sen. and jim. 
of 40 acres at Fendrayton lately bought of Thos. Wolf, gent. fol. 79. 

66. Lease, dated 20 Mar. 20 Hen. 8, to Thos. Lawe of Little 
I o Paxton of a manor there lately bought of Mr Hutton. fol. 79 b. 80 a. 

67. Lease, dated 20 Apr. 18 Hen. 8, to Pet. Bright stationer of 
Cambridge, of " a certen garden conteynynge in lenght viij poll and 
vj fete and in Brede in the Est ende xviij fote and in the vrest Bnde 
a poll and viij fote sett lying and beinge vfln the parysche of saynte 

1 5 Sepulcre in Cambridge aforsayde late in the tenor of William Rag 
Betwene a garden of the Maister and ifellowes of Benat College 
appon the North syde and a tenement of the priores of Barnwell 
appon the South side the Est hed abuttynge upon the kynges dyche 
and the vrest hede appon the tenement belongynge to the sayde Col- 

20 lage of Saynte John." fol. 80 b. 81 a. 

68. Lease, dated 20 Apr. 18 Hen. 8, to Wm. Ragge tailor of 
Cambridge of a tenement in St Sepulchre's parish "betwixt the 
Chyrche of St Sepulcer aforesaid apon the North side And a Tene- 
mente of the said Maister felowes and scolers in the tenour of Thomas 

25 Bret on the sowth side And the east hed abbutting apon a garden 
belonging to the said master felowes and scolers in the tenour of 
Peter Bright. The west hed abutting upon the kings liighe weye." 
fol. 81 a— 82 a. 

69. Lease, dated 1 Apr. 20 Hen. 8, to John Swan of Thriplowe 
30 yeoman, of the place there late in the holding of Dr. Thomson, fol. 

82 b. 83 a. 

70. Lease, dated 14 Mar. 20 Hen. 8, to Wm. Bullen of land at 
Fendrayton. fol. 83 b. 84 a. 

71. Lease, dated 8 Apr. 20 Hen. 8., to Thos. Wakefelde of 
35 Blonham Beds., of watermills. fol. 84 a — 85 a. 

72. Lease, dated 12 Apr. 20 Hen. 8, to Reynould Fyrthe of Gt. 
Bradley, of a tenement and also of a close called Chyltewyke etc. 
fol. 85 a.— 86 a. 

73. Lease, dated 20 Aug. 21 Hen. 8, to Wm. Roberts of Hol- 
40 beach gent, of lands in Holbeach etc. fol. 86 b — 87 b. 

74. Lease, dated 20 Dec. 21 Hen. 8, to Hen. Elman of Multon 
Line, yeoman, of lands and tenements which were lately Christ', Cran- 
well's. fol. 87 b. 88 a. 

75. ' To the kyng our souerayne lord.' fol. 88 b — 91 b. Cf. 81. 
45 'The same in the other thine redd booke fol. 15.' Note in old 

hand. A petition from Nic. Metcalfe and the college against lord 
Cobham who kept them out of their manor of Ramerwick. On the 9 
Aug. last past, when the college had held the manor 12 {corrected 


7) years, Thos. Peryh J. P. and Jo. Broket J, P. went to Ramerwick 
with a writ upon the statute of JSTorthampton directed to them by 
lord Cobham. Jo. Brekyndyne B.D. and Ste. Tenante B.A. asked 
them to search the house ; no disturbers of the peace were found, — 
On the refusal of Brekyndne and Tenante to surrender the manor 5 
house to the custody of Thos. Parys, a dependent of lord Cobham's, 
the justices gave order for their committal to Hertford gaol, and 
then broke open the house, seized 'the bowes and arrowes that were 
vsually wont to be shot with, and a chalis wherewith the said Master 
Brykandyne vsed to sing masse.' Since then lord Cobham's men have 10 
been in possession, and Brykandyne and other of his company kept 
in custody at Hitchin. The college prays that Lord Cobham and the 
justices may be ordered to appear before the star chamber. — Signed 
Edmund Knyghtley. 

76. Bond of 1000 marks to Lord Cobham to submit to the award 15 
of Jo. Fitzjames kt. ch. just, and Ant. Fitzherbert kt. just. com. pi. 
respecting the title of the manors of Ramerwick and Bloneham late 
the inheritance of Id. Sayntmondes. fol. 91b. 92 a. 

See fol. 123, 144, 216. 

77. Testimonial (Latin) for Jo. Blande M.A. fellow, dat 13 Mar. 20 
1537. fol. 92 b. 

78. Indenture, dated 2 Dec. 21 Hen. 8, between the college and 
Rd. Lawrence of Hertingforthbury yeoman, fol. 93 — 96 b. 

Lawrence had received of the college £218. 6s. 8d. for the sale of 
the manor of Bxcombes, and owed the college J204. 12^. as appeared 25 
by the records of the common pleas. He covenants to make over to 
certain trustees the said manor at the next feast of the Purification 
of our Lady, and afterwards yearly to pay at St Katherine's day in 
Ware church or churchyard £4 till the whole £204. 125. shall be paid 
off; in default of which payment the manor shall belong to St John's. 30 

79. Four receipts, each for £4, to Rd. and Wm. Lawrence, 
dated 20 Nov. 22 — 25 Hen. 8, and one to Wm. Lawrence 25 Nov. 
27 Hen. 8. ff. 96b. 97a. Ilia. 

80. Will (English) of Rog. Grantofte of Hilton dated 25 Feb. 
1527, proved before Rd. Bromhall 'in decretis bac' commissary for 35 
the Bp. of Line, in the archdeaconry of Huntingdon 30 Apr. 1528, in 

St Mary's Huntingdon, fol. 97 b— 101 b. 

His body to be buried in St Mary Magd. Hilton ' before the Rood 
in the myddell yle or alye.' To the high altar for tithes or oblations 
neglected Ss. 4d. ; to the church ' basyn and hewer of latten to occu- 40 
pie at the christening of children' ; to the mother church at Lincoln 
206?. ; to the brotherhood of St Mary Magd. Hilton 20s. and a ' tovel 
for the herce' ; towards the building and repairing of the church 
there 10s.; towards the charges of the bells Gs. 8d.; to the church- 
warden for his burial place 10s. ; for a stone to lie upon him 40s. ; a 45 
dirge and mass to be sung by 10 priests, each to have 12d. for their 
pains ; clerks also to be present, each to have 6(7, ; 20s. to be divided 


among the poor at his funeral ; a yearly obit to be held for his soul, 
and 6s. 8d. to be given for the purpose ; 6s. Sd. yearly to be given 
towards the headmoney of labourers in Hilton ; 2 tenements ' Cod- 
linges ' and ' Martyns' and ' Coupers grove ' left to the church to 
5 meet these charges; \2d. yearly left to each churchwarden for his 
pains ; to Fenny Stanton church ' a vestment of blewe with hosteredge 
fethers and an albe with other thinges therto belonging, and the 
said vestment to be occupyed at Saynt Nicholas aulter in the said 
churche. Item I gyve vnto Saynt Peters alter in the said churche a 

1 o corporace and a case of cloth of gold for the same ;' to Offord church 

a corporace and case; to his cousin Geo. Boowes of Helyngden 
Beds, clerk, his executor, 40s. The other bequests are to relations 
and servants. 

81. 'D. Chambero." 1551. fol. 102. 103 a. 

15 A Latin letter from the college. Chambre was one of the chief 
advisers of the foundress ; and now that she and her friends who en- 
deavoured to supply her place are dead, Chambre and bp. Fisher 
alone remain. They are threatened with a formidable suit by Lord 
Cobham who has invaded their estates. The cardinal had before 

20 robbed them of lands to the yearly value of ^400. Hope that Cham- 
bre will use his influence with the king to procure them some grant. 
On John Chambre, M.D., one of the founders of the coll. of physicians, 
see Calendar of State Papers, Hen. 8. 

82 (of. 102). ' Doctori Keytono.' 1531. fol. 103 b. 

2 5 Since his absence they feel how serviceable -his presence was to 

them. Hope that he will not long delay his promise of founding 
fellowships and scholarships. 

83. 'Domino Roffensi.' Camb. 1531. fol. 104. 

Bp. Fisher has been more than a father to the college. Pending 
30 the suit with lord Cobham, they hope he will excuse the payment 
due to him this year. 

84. Latin note about a piece of college land at Westwickham. 
fol. 104 b. 

85. Lease, dated 15 Jan. 18 Hen. 8, to Jas. Easton of land at 
35 Osprynge called BromhiU. fol. 105— 106 b. 

86 (cf. 91). Grant (Latin) dated 16 Jan. 24 Hen. 8, to Wm, 
Hogeson elk., of 10 marks a year for performing weekly service in 
Higham chapel, (twice copied), fol. 106 b, 107 a. 

See Early Statutes of St John's College, pp. 94, 95. 
40 87. The wardship and marriage of Jo. son and heir of Jo. Geblon 
of Thorington, who held of the college by knight service granted to 
Wm. Hekeford of Elmested 24 May 24 Hen. 8. (Latin), fol. 107 b. 108 a. 

88. Latin letter, 21 Oct., praying for access to bp. Fisher in the 
Tower, fol. 108 b. 109. 

AC See above, p. 100. 1. 33 seq. 

89. Latin letter, 11 kal. Nov., to a bp. to the same eflfect. fol. 110. 
Beg liim to secure for them bp. Fisher's library. 


90. Receipt to Anne Brett for 16s. 8c?. rent of a tenement in St 
Sepulchre's parish Cambridge, dated 24 Oct. 27 Hen. 8. fol. 111. 

91 (cf. 86). Grant, dated 24 Oct. 27 Hen. 8, to Jo. Cowper, chap- 
lain of Higliam, of 10 marks yearly, fol. 111b. 112 a. 

92 (cf. 79). Receipts for £4: to Wm. Lawrence dated Nov. an. 28, 5 
29, 30, 31, 33, 38. fol. 112. 

93. Full discharge to Dr Nic. Metcalfe from Geo. Day and the 
college, dated 1 Aug. 29 Hen. 8. (Latin), fol. 112 a. (the second 112). 

See above, p. 105. 1. 34 seq. 

94. Notes of like discharges dated 6 Nov. 34 Hen. 8, 16 Nov. 36 10 
Hen. 8 ; and another to Dr Watson 1 Ph. and M. (Latin), fol. 112 a. 
(the second.) 

95. General acquittances, 16 Oct. 31 Hen. 8 to Hen. Smyth late 
manciple (' mancipio sive pincernas'); to Randall Hall general re- 
ceiver for the college 12 Jan. 31 Hen. 8, and again 15 Jan. 32 Hen. 8. 15 
(Latin.) fol. 112 b. 113 a. 

96. Testimonial (Latin) to Wm. Leper M.A., fellow long resident, 
23 June 1543. fol. 113 b. 

97. Indenture, dated 26 Jul. 21 Hen. 8, between the college and 
Rob. Symson late parson of Layer Marney Essex for the foundation 20 
of one fellow (to be nominated by Symson during his life) from the 
natives of Cumberland, Northumberland, Westmoreland or Rich- 
mondshire, if any such could be found in Oxford or Cambridge, with 

a preference to Cumberland, Symson having paid £120 to the col- 
lege. (English.) fol. 114—116. 25 
See A2:)p. B. to Fifth Report of Committee onEducation (1818), p. 466. 
Ath. Cant. i. 48. 

98. Annuity of £5. granted to Rob. Symson until he have a fellow 
admitted or for his life, 8 Aug. 1529. (English), fol. 117. 

99. Bond, dated 26 Jul. 21 Hen. 8, of 200 marks to Rob. Symson 30 
for performance of covenant, fol. 118. 

100. Receipt (English) to Rob. Symson for £120, dated 12 Aug. 
21 Hen. 8. fol. 119 a. 

101. Deed of feoffment of a messuage in St Mary's without 
Trumpington gates Cambridge, sold to Thos. Goldsborough for £12, 35 
the college reserving a yearly rent of 6d., 15 Jun. 23 Hen. 8. (Latin). 
fol. 119 b. 120 a. 

Among the names joined to Goldsborough's is that of Mathias 
Watson B.A. fell, of the college 'Marie Valentine vocat. Penbroke 
hall.' The message lay between ' Sayiit Thomas hostell ex parte bo- 40 
reali et tenementum pertinens Cantarie beate Marie virginis in Cimi- 
terio Ecclesie beate Marie Virginis predicte ex parte australi vno 
capite inde abuttante super regiam viam versus occidentem alio vero 
capite inde abuttante super Campum vocatum Sayiit Thomas Layes 
versus orientem.' . - 

102 (cf. 82). Receipt (English), dated 1 Dec. 23 Hen. 8, to Dr 


Keyton for £170, in part payment of £400 given by him to found 
two fellowsliips and two scholarships, fol. 120 b. 121 a. 

See Aiypend. B. (a3 above) p. 464 ; Ath. Caiii. i. 48. 

103. Power of attorney (Latin), dated 17 Jan. 23 Hen. 8, to Ran- 
5 dal and Jas. Hall to take seisin of certain land in Gt. Bradley. foL 

121 b. 

104. Grant, dated 21 June 1532, to John Belwode of the chap- 
laincy and curacy of Horningseyat an annual stipend of <£6. (English). 
fol. 122. 

10 105. Bond of IGOO marks, dated 24 Jun. 24 Hen. 8, to lord Cob- 
ham, to abide by the arbitration of Fitzjames and Fitzherbert (see 
no. 76). fol. 123 a. 

106. Like bond, dated 6 Feb. 24 Hen. 8, for other arbiters, Jo. 
Baldwyne and Jo. Hynde Serjeants at law, and Wm. Conyngesbye 

15 and Rd. Ryche esqs. fol. 123 b. 

107. Indenture, dated 1 May 25 Hen. 8, between Alys widow of 
Edw. Stubbe exec'', of Wm. Fell D.D. late archd. of Nottingham and 
the college fol. 124—127 a. 

See Apx^ind. B. (as above), p. 467. One 'felow and scoler' and two 

20 disciples (scholars) of the foundation of Dr FeU to be nominated by 

A. Stubbe during her life ; the fellow and scholars to be chosen from 
natives of Fumess Fells, 'yif ony such persons able in Manors and 
lernyng can be found e in the Vniversitie of Camebryge,' otherwise 
■without restriction from the residents. The college had received to the 

25 value of £230 for the foundation, which had been invested in land. 

The college undertook to ' fynd ij comon Eeders in arte, called ij Sub- 
lectors, the whiche shalbe daly assystant to the principall lector both 
in Redyng of lectures to the young scolers in the haU of the said col- 
lyge, and also in herjaig of the Eehersyng of the same lectors with 

30 almaner of other lectors and excersices and Actes what so euer thabee 

which shall forton to be kepte in the hall aforsayd or in ony other place 

- of the sayd college,' each sublector to be paid 6s. 8c?. quarterly by the 

treasurers ; preference in the appointment to be given to natives of 

Fumess Fells. For endowment of the sublectors the college had re- 

35 ceived the value of £80. 

108. Bond of 20 marks dated 13 Mar. 25 Hen. 8 to Edw. Stubbe. 
fol. 127 b. 

Condition not stated. 

109. Lease, dated 6 Jun. 25 Hen. 8, of a meadow and a holte to 
40 Thos. Watton (or Walton) of Wevylhingham. fol. 128 a— 129 a. 

110. Lease, dated 20 May 26 Hen. 8, of the manor of Tryanston 
in Romney Marsh, and of a smith's forge and land in Sheldwiche and 
Throwlaye, to Thos. Grene of Mylton Kent. fol. 129 b— 131 a, 

111. Covenant, same date, excusing the payment of 7^. for the 
45 forge abovenamed, till the college recovers possession, fol. 131 b. 

132 a.' 

112. Lease, dated 12 Aug. 26 Hen. 8, to Rob. Wylson of Colbe, 
of Cranewell hall co. Line. fol. 132 b— 135 a. 


113. Patent, dated 27 Jun. 26 Hen. 8, to Jo. Gostwyk esq. of the 
stewardship of the manors of Ramerwyk and Blonham (Latin), fol. 
135 b. 

114. Covenant dated 1 Oct. 27 Hen. 8, for Dr Shorton's obijt or 
year's mind (English), fol. 136, 137. 5 

See above, p. 39. 1. 30 sq. Append. B. (as above) 486. 

115. Patent, dated 28 Oct. 29 Hen. 8, to Jo. Pykerell of the office 
of auditor at a salary of 40s. with allowances (Latin), fol. 138. 

116. Testimonial, dated 14 Dec. 1540, to Jo. Tomson B.A. fellow 
(Latin), fol. 139 a. 10 

117. Testimonial, dated 7 Oct. 1542, to Brian Lunne B.A. scholar 
(Latin), fol. 139 b. 

118. Letter of attorney, dated 30 Jul. 21 Hen. 8, to to do 

suit of court to Thos. earl of Rutland at Noneburne (Latin), fol. 140 a. 

119. The same, to Tho. Seller and Wm. Nawton to do suit of 15 
court to the king at Bocrosse Stone (Latin), fol. 140 b. 

120. Indenture, dated 24 Jun. 26 Hen. 8, between the college 
and Thos. Thymylbe Doctor of decrees (English), fol. 141 — 143. 

See Append. B. (as above) p. 465, Aili. Cant. i. 51. The foundation 
of one ' felow and scoler and on dyscyple'; the noDiination to be en- 20 
joyed by Sir Rob. Tyrwhytt and Dr Thymylbe for their lives ; after- 
wards a preference to be given to those of the doctor's name and kin ; 
or to choristers of Trinity College in Tattersall ; or to natives of Cam- 
bridgeshire ; in consideration of £180 received from the doctor. 
121 (cf. 76). The arbitrement made between Lord Cobham and the 25 
college 16 Feb. 26 Hen. 8. concerning Ramerwyk etc. fol. 144 — 147 a. 

Decision of Sir Rob. Norwiche and Sir Rd. Lister in respect of lands 
claimed by lord Cobham as heir of Rd. Beauchamp lord Sayntmond. 
The college to give up all claims for arrears ; Id. Cobham to give up 
possession of the lands; the college to pay Id. Cobham 500 marks. 30 

122. College bond of 1000 marks to Id. Cobham to stand to the 
above award, 12 Dec. 26 Hen. 8. fol. 147. 

123. Indenture for Dr Rog. Lupton's foundation of two fellows 
and two scholars 7 Jun. 27 Hen. 8. fol. 148 — 152 b. 

See Append. B. (as above), 468, 469, Ath. Cant. i. 7-2. Lupton had 35 
already founded six scholarships ; he retains the nomination to his fel- 
lowships and scholarships during his life ; afterwards the fellows to be 
always chosen from Lupton's scholars ; the fellows and scholars in 
every mass to offer a special collect for their founder. The college had 
received £400 from Lupton to be laid out in lands on account of this 40 

124. Bond of £600 from the college to Edw. Fox D.D. prov. Kg's, 
for fulfilment of covenant in a pair of indentures made between them 
and Lupton. fol. 152 b. 153 a. 

125. Like bond to Lupton, the vicar of Sedberg, Sir Hen. Blomer 45 
chaplain of the chantry there, and others, fol. 153. 

1 26. Indenture for four fellowships and four scholarships of Hugh 


Ashton's foundation, 14 May 28 Hen. 8. fol. 154 — 156 a ; a plainer 
copy, more complete, fol. 156 b— 157 b. 

See Append. B. (as above), 487, Ath. Cant. I. 26; Univ, and Coll. 
Documents, i. 172 ; above, p. 94. Bryan Hygdon dean of York and 
5 Eog. EUes clerk, executors to Ashton, bad paid £800 for the purchase 

of land. The four fellows to receive each 40s. yearly over and above 
the common stipend. Two fellows and two scholars to be chosen from 
natives of Lancashire (or, in default, from natives of the diocese of 
Chester) ; one fellow and one scholar from natives of the co. (or, in 
I O default, diocese) of York ; one fellow and one scholar from natives of 

the bishopric (or, in default, diocese) of Durham. 

127. Indenture respecting Ashton's dirge, 8 May 28 Hen. 8. fol. 

A solemn obit to be kept for the souls of Ashton and his friends, 
I ^ and of lady Margaret, on Jan. 4. every year, the day of Ashton's bu- 

rial ; the master or his deputy to receive 2S., each feUow is., each scho- 
lar 6d.; provided they remain during the whole service. The executors 
had paid £7. 12s. io\d. and 536I oz. of plate. [On this there is a mar- 
ginal note : quas piarcellas nidlus sociorum unquam vidit ; and in another 
20 hand : quia magister vendidit sitie consensu illorum,'] 

128. Testimonial for orders (Lat.), 5 Sept. 1537, to Hen. Sander- 
son M.A. dioc. York, fellow, fol. 161 a. 

129. General testimonial (Lat.) 13 Sept., 1536, to the same. fol. 

25 130. 'De novem scholasticis doctoris Bowman quos sisatores vo- 
camus.' Lat. fol. 162 a. 

See Append. B. (as above), 483, Ath. Cant. i. 33. Founded with 
£140, each to have ^d. a week, the remains from the fellows' table, 
teaching and rooms free. 

30 131. ' De quinque discipulis doctoris Dowman.' Lat. fol. 162 b. 
163 a. 

See Append. B. 482 seq. where the substance of this statute may be 
seen. Univ. and Coll. Documents, i. 171, 

132. Testimonial (Lat.) for Geo. Smith B.A. scholar, ult. Jan. 
35 1542. fol. 163 a. 

133. Lease 20 Sept. 28 Hen. 8 of Thorington manor to Wm. Col- 
man, gent. Engl. fol. 163 b— 167 a. 

Partly effaced, and another lease to the same, of same date, entered 
fol. 167 b — 169 b. 

40 134. Lease 20 Sept. 28 Hen. 8 of 'water mylnes' new built at 
Blounham Beds, to Wm. Ade of Eton Beds. fol. 169 b. 170. 

135. Latin letter to Lord Cromwell, fol. I7l. 

See above, p. 1 10. 1. 7 seq. [Possibly composed, and in part copied, 
by Ascham]. 

45 136. ' Presentatio Mri; Lat. fol. 172 a. 

Originally written for Dr Day (above, p. iii, 1. 10) and dated 27 Jul. 



1537. Afterwards mutatis mutandis einployed for Dr Bill (above, p. 124, 
1. 9), and dated 10 Mar. 1546. 

137. Latin letter to lord Cromwell, f. 172 b. 173. 
See above, p. iii, 1. 27 seq. 

138. Latin letter dated 5 cal. Aug. [1537] to [Fox] bp. of Here- ^ 
ford. fol. 174 a. 

See above, p. iii, 1. 20 seq. 

139. Englisli letter to Dr Lupton's executors, fol. 174 b. 

They request that the 100 marks bequeathed for buying lands for 
Lupton's obit may be paid to Mr Cowper their president. I O 

140. Lease 20 Mar. 18 Hen. 8 to Rob. Creyke esq. of Beverley of 
Millington manor. Imperfect, fol. 175 b. 

141. Grant (Lat.) 25 Mar. 29 Hen. 8 to Rd. Stykney of the chap- 
laincy of St Mary's Ospringe ' le Masendew,' at an annual stipend 

of 10 marks, fol. 176 a. ^5 

142. Indenture 26 Mar. 29 Hen. 8 for the sale to Chrisf Franke 
burgess and draper of Cambridge of void ground in the market-place 
there, fol. 176 b— 177 a. 

143. Deed of feoffment (Lat.) 7 Apr. 29 Hen. 8 to Franke of the 
above ground, fol. 177 b. 178 a. 20 

144. Lease 27 Mar. 29 Hen. 8. to Randall Hall of the parsonage 
of Horningsay. fol. 178 b. 

145. Acquittance (Engl.), 5 Sept. 30 Hen. 8 to Thos. Grene 
exec to Wm. Longforth late vicar of Gelyngham Kent, for certain 
plate, fol. 179 a. 25 

146. Patent (Engl.) 5 Sept. 30 Hen. 8, to 01. Lowth yeoman of 
the office of receiver for the lands lately belonging to Bromehall. 
fol. 179. [In Bullock's mastership altered for "Wm. Norryse.] 

147. Lease 20 Jan. 30 Hen. 8. to Jo. Essex of land at Cottenham. 
fol. 179 b. 180 a. 30 

148. Lease, same date, to Wm. Hilton of land at WilUngham. 
fol. 180 b. 181 a. 

149. Lease, same date, to Wm. Sherwood bedell, of Harlston 
lands in the fields of Cambridge or ' Cottun '. fol. 181. 

150. Lease, same date, to Ri. Adams of Eversdon of lands at 35 
Thriplowe bought of Dr Tomson and others called Towneshendes of 
Nic. Thurlowe ; the hall reserved to the use of the society in time of 
sickness, fol. 182. 183 a. 

151. Lease, same date, to Hen. Harte of lands in Milton and 
Chesterton, fol. 183. 40 

152. Lease, 27 Mar. 30 Hen. 8, to Thos. Stokes of lands at Mel- 
bourne, fol. 184 a. 

153. Lease, same date, to Wm. Stevens of Coton of land there 
fol. 184 b. 185 a. 

Part of the land lately occupied by Cath. hall. 45 


154. Lease, 27 Apr. 31 Hen. 8, to Hen. Stores of Cambridge, of 
manor and lands in Little Markham and Tuxforde. fol. 185. 

165. Lease, 2 May 31 Hen. 8, to Thos. Hawkynges of Bougton 
imder the Bleane, yeoman of the guard to the king, of the parsonage 
5 of Osprynge etc. fol. 186. 187 a. 

156. Indenture, 7th May 31 Hen. 8, for two obits in Christ's col- 
lege for the souls of Thos. Thomson D.D. and Sir Thos. Lovell kt. 
fol. 187 b— 189 a. 

See Append. B, (as above), 478, Atli. Cant. I. 76. 
10 Thomson gave the Brasen George in St Andr. parish Cambridge, 

having the church to the N. the lands of Thos. Brasebridge (al. Barbor) 
S. and E. and ' the commen ditche called the kynges ditche ' W., and 
lands at Malton and Orwell. 

157. Presentation (Lat.) 26 Jul. 1539 of Ste. Tenaunde M.A. to 
15 the vicarage of Higham, vacant by the death of Tho. Stanlowe. fol. 

189 a. 

158. Lease 12 Jan. 31 Hen. 8 to Rd. Goldesborowe of a tene- 
ment upon the N. corner of the W. side of the butcherye row Cam- 
bridge, fol. 189 b. 190 a. 

20 159. Lease, same date, to Rob. Rustat of Foxton of Jakes manor 
in Cottenham. fol. 190. 

160 (cf. 162). Patent (Lat.), same date, to Thos. Saunders of the 
stewardship of the manors of Hedcorne, Elverland, Downecourt and 
Higham etc. fol. 191 a. 
25 161. Testimonial (Lat.) 22 Feb. 1543 for Wm. Turner B.A. scho- 
lar, fol 191 b. 

162 (cf. 160), Patent (Lat.) imperfect, to Hen. Sawnders of the 
stewardship of lands in Kent. fol. 192 a. 

163. Proxy (Lat.) to Edm. Clifton LL.B., Thos, Leighe LL.B., 
30 Edm. Sawnderson and Rob. Palmer to appear for the college in all 

causes, 20 Apr. 1529. fol. 192 b. 193. 

164. Lease 1 Jan. 1 Mary to "Wm. Newman 'boyer' of a tene- 
ment in Wood Street St Mich. Hoogyn Lane London, fol. 194. 

165. Proxy (Lat.) 1 Apr. 1529 to Dav. Eyre and Thos. Brad- 
35 shaw clerks, Jo. Stone gent, and Tho. Caudell notary public, to ap- 
pear for them as rectors of Aldeworth before card. Campeggi. fol. 
195 b. 196. 

166. Letter (Eng.) of Hen. 8 to bp. Fisher for removing the pri- 
oress and nuns out of Higham to other places of their religion ; two 

40 to go to Swaffham. fol. 197 a. 

Printed by Hymers, Fun. Serm, etc. 189, 190. See above, p. 89, 
1. 34, Fiddes' Wolsey, 312. 

167. Letter (Engl.) of Hen. 8 to some person unknown, requiring 
him to assist the bp. in removing the nuns from Higham. Wynd- 

45 sor 26 Sept. fol. 197 b. 

Printed by Hymers, 191. 



168. Letter (Engl.) of Hen. 8 to the bp. of Sarum,. requiring him 
to deliver up evidences relating to the monastery of Bromehall. 
Richmonde 13 Dec. 13 Hen. 8. 

Above, p. 89, 1. 31. Printed by Hymers, 192; Fiddes, Collect. 123. 

169. Letter (Engl.) from Wolsey to the bp of Sarum, requiring 5 
him to remove the nuns from Bromehall. Calise 20 Oct. fol. 198 b. 

Above, p. 89, 1. 30. Printed by Hymers, 193, Fiddes, 124. 

170. A letter (Engl.) from Richard archeprieste. Bromhall 
4 Dec. fol. 199 a. 

With much ado the nuns are removed from Bromhall ; my lord will I o 
not give up the evidences until he can see the king's grant. 

171. Letter (Engl.) from the same to Dr (Metcalfe?). Remesbrie 
(Ramsbury) 6 Pebr. fol. 199 b. 

Has sent for the resignations of the ladies late of BromhaU. 

172. Letter (Engl.) from the same to archd. (Metcalfe 1). Re- i5 
mersbowre (Ramsbury) 9 Jan. fol. 199 b. 

'My lorde ys contentyd ye come or sende for the euydences of 
Bromhall at whate tyme ye well,' 

173. Acquittance (Engl.) by Randall Hall, servant to Dr Met- 
calfe, to the bp. of Sarum, on receipt of the evidences and seal of 20 
Bromhall. 16 Jan. 13 Hen. 8. fol. 199 b. 

174. Letter (Lat.) to Qu. Katherine, asking leave to purchase 
from Id. Burgeyny lands in Esses held of her. fol. 200 a. 

Own themselves indebted to her for cancelling a debt due to her from 
the college. 25 

175. Lease, 6 Jan. 23 Hen. 8, to Rd. Stronge slayter of Cam- 
bridge, of 2 cottages in St Andrew's parish, fol. 200 b. 201 a. 

176. Lease, same date, to same of 3 cottages in St Andrew's 
parish, fol. 201 b. 202. 

abutting on a tenement belonging to Ely rectory on the S., a garden oq 
lately belonging to Dr Lee to the N., the highway to the W. and a 
garden belonging to the coll. to the E. 

177. Latin letter, 1 Jul. 1.536, to Dr Lupton, to borrow £100 for 
one year. fol. 203. 204 a. 

178. Lease, 8 Nov. 31 Hen. 8, of a tenement and land in Mar- 35 
flet to (Marmaduke altered to) Leon. Lokwood. fol. 204 b. 205 a. 

179. Letter (Engl.) 12 Jan. 31 Hen. 8, to Jo. Gostwike esq. 
treasurer of tenths and first-fruits, fol. 205 b. 

Relates to the first fruits of Wm. Bill's fellowship. See above, 
p. 128, 1. 7 seq. 40 

180. Lease, same date, to Wm. Threwly of Ospringe of a water- 
mill etc. there, fol. 206. 

181. Lease, same date, to Jo. Andrew of lands in Steplemorden 
and Tadlowe. fol. 207. 


182. Lease, same date, to Wm. Badcocke of a tenement with a 
back-yard and garden in St Andrew's parish, Cambridge ' in the 
streate commonly called fryer prechers streate, buttyng on the est 
ende upon the forsaid streate, west upon a yarde called fayer 

5 (? fryer) yarde, north upon a tenemente of the kynges somtyme per- 
teynyng to the late Monasterye of Barnewell, and of the south parte 
vipon a lane called langer lane.' fol. 208. 

183. Lease, 1 Sept. 31 Hen. 8, to Rd. Warde clerk of the pul- 
trey to the king, of the manor of Chawredge with pastures and 

I o closes called Rockhilles in the parishes of Braye and Werfeld Berks, 
fol. 209. 

184. Patent to Jo. Carlton gent, of the stewardship of the 
manor of Bromehall, Wynsham and Wyukfeld, and all other college 
manors in Berks. (Lat.) fol. 210 a. 

1,5 Cf. Unw. and Coll. Bocv/ments I. i86. 

18.5. Patent 18 Mar. (31 Hen. 8 altered to) 2 Bdw. 6, to (Wra. 
altered to) Thos. Tritton to be the college bailiff for Kent. fol. 210 b. 

186. Lease, 18 Mar. 31 Hen. 8, to Thos. Tayler citizen and fish- 
monger of London and Dav. Clappam gent., of a pond-yard in St Pet. 

20 parish Cambridge, containing 13 ponds, together with the profits of 
the 'loppe' of the willows and all other trees growing in and about 
it. [Rent 30*. and 2 pike of 18 in. ' clean fish', 1 pike of 16 in.], fol. 211. 

187. Lease, same date, to Johane Heynes widow of Cambridge, 
of the manor called Jakes in Cottenham. fol. 212. 

25 188. Lease, same date, to Rd. Goldesborowe of a close in St Pet. 
parish Cambridge, abutting N. upon the messuage and tenement 
belonging to Clare Hall and called ' Marble Thorpes,' W. upon the 
commons lying beside St John's barns, S. upon the way that cometh 
from Martum hall, E. upon Huntingdon way betwixt the foresaid 

30 ground of the said college and Ratton row. fol. 212 b. 213 a. 

189. 3 bonds, of ^500 each, 1 Dec. 1525, to Jo. Dowman, for 
performance of covenant, fol. 213 b — 214 b. 

190. Patent (Engl), 24 Mar. 17 Hen. 8, to Thos. Warde 'gen- 
tilman herbiger' to the king, appointing him receiver for Bromhall. 

35 fol. 215 a. 

'Mortuus est 25 Julii 1539.' Note in old hand. 

191. Bond, 20 Mar. 17 Hen. 8, from Thos. Warde, for the true 
discharge of his office, fol. 215 b. 

192. Bond, 18 Jul. 21 Hen. 8, to Lord Cobham, to stand to the 
40 award of Jo. Fitzjames kt. chief justice and Thos. Inglesole kt. 

justice of the com. pleas. 

(Cf. nos. 76, lO'Z, 103, 119, i^o.) 

193. Patent (Lat.), 26 Jul. 34 Hen. 8, to Hugh Hungate to be 
college bailiff for Yorkshire, fol. 2 1 6 b. 

45 194. Bond, 7 Feb. 27 Hen. 8, to Pet. Frechwell esq. to stand by 


the award of Jo. Hynde and Edm. Mountigue Serjeants at law, and 
Ant. Newyl and Edm. Molyners esqs. respecting the title to certain 
messuages in Staley co. Derb., to a close and pasture called Fowler- 
feld in the parish of Wales co. York, and to a messuage with lands 
etc. in the parish of Aynsworth Woodhouse co. York. f. 217 a. 5 

195. Letter of attorney (Lat.) to Ri. Swayne and Randall Hall 
to take possession of lands etc. in Little Markam, Elkysley and 
Carlton Notts, 5 June 33 Hen. 8. f. 217 b. 

196. Grant (Lat.) at the suit of Wra. Longeforde vie. of Os- 
pryng, to Philip Metcalf clerk of a weekly service to be celebrated lo 
by him during his life in S. Mary's chapel (le Maseondue) in Os- 
prynge ; stipend 10 marks, a house and garden, with 6s. 8d. for wax, 
bread and wine, 8 Febr. 27 Hen. 8. f. 218. 

197. Bond (Lat.) whereby Ro. Hamond late of Feversham and 
Jo. Partriche of Ospringe covenant to pay £20 at Michaelmas then 15 
next following to Edw. Sponer clerk, 4 Aug. 15 Hen. 8. f. 219 a. 

198. 'After my ryght hartty Recomendations. Wher master 
"Wakfeld this berare ys myndid to goo by yonde the sea to thentent 
thatt he may be the more expolite and perfite in the tonge of he- 
brew I haue granted hyme the emolumentes of his Colleg duryng 20 
the space of two years next ensewyng trustyng that at his retourne 
he shall be more able to perfite other in the sayme learnyng and to 
do honour both to your Colleg and to the hoole reame. Thus fare 

ye weale at Rotchestre by your old assured frend. Jo. RofFen.' 
f. 219 a. 25 

199. 18 Sept. 16 Hen. 8. In consideration of 40 marks received 
from Wm. Fell, D.D. the college covenants to 'kepe a derge with a 
masse of requiem ons in euery yere solemly to be songen and said.' 
f. 219 b. 

See Ap2^- B. to ~,th Educ. Rep. (1818). pp. 467, 468. ■jq 

200. 18 Oct. 17 Hen. 8. Receipt (Lat.) for £221. 13.*. 4d. paid 
by Tho. Linacre, M.D. for the foundation of a physic lecture in the 
university, f. 220 a. 

201. 28 Nov. 16 Hen. 8. Grant (Lat.) to Joan, prioress of S. 
Sepulchre's without the walls of Canterbury, and to her successors 35 
of an annuity of 26^. Sd. during the life of Elizabeth Penny, f, 220 b'. 

See above, p. 89. 1. 11. 

202. 4 Apr, 1525, 16 Hen. 8. Grant (Lat.) to Adam Browne of 
a service in the chapel of S. Mary of Ospryngestrete (ly Mesyndew) ; 
he to celebrate mass thrice a week and matins and vespers on Sun- 40 
days and festivals during his life, at a yearly stipend of ^12. f. 221 a. 

203. 7 May 1525. Grant (Lat.) to Jo. Berper of the yearly ser- 
vice in Higham chapel, according to Bp. Fisher's order, at a yearly 
stipend of 10 marks, f. 221 b. 

See Early Statutes of St John's (Cambr. 1859), pp. 94, 95 ; above 4 c 
n. 86 and 91. "^ 


204. 11 June 1525. Presentation (Lat.) of Hen. Golde, M.A. to 
Ospring vicarage, f. 221 b. 

205 (cf. 232). 10 Dec. 17 Hen. 8. Letters of attorney (Lat.) to 
persons not named, to take seisin of lands in Kenythorpe, Bolly- 
5 thorp [Burythorpe], Langton, Bordesall, Levyng [Leavening] on York 
wolde, Hamesworth [Hemsworth], Wodehose, co. York, and Stave- 
ley CO. Derby, f. 222 a. 

203. 3 Jan. 1532. Presentation (Lat.) of Jo. Bruer M.A. to 
Higham vicarage vacant by death, f. 222 a and b. 
lo 207. 27 July 1531. Presentation (Lat.) of Thos. Rayleton chap- 
lain to Rockelande vicarage vacant by the death of Alex. Scarbrugh. 
f. 222 b. 

208. 3 Sept. 1531. Presentation (Lat.) of Geo. Couper M.A. to 
Thoryngton rectory, vacant by the resignation of Jo. Smyth, B.D. 

15 f. 223 a. 

209. 11 Sept. 1531. Presentation (Lat.) of Cuthb. Shirebroke to 
Rokeland vicarage vacant by the death of Alex. Skarburgh. f. 223 b. 

210. 23 July 1536. Presentation (Lat.) of Hugh Fitzherbert M.A. 
to Ospryng vicarage, vacant by the death of Wm. Longeford. 

20 f. 224 a. 

211. 3 Oct. 1536, 28 Hen. 8. Proxy (Lat.) to Nic. Metcalfe 
master, and Geo. Dey and Jo. Chek fellows, to act for the college at 
the visitation of the royal commissioners. [Damus potestatem] ' iura- 
mentum insuper fidelitatis et obedientiae dicto . . regi tanquam su- 

2 5 premo ecclesiae anglicanae capiti suisque successoribus ac de obser- 
vando statuta et ordinationes eiusdem in parlamento suo tam super 
successione sua regia quam extirpatione et extinctione auctoritatis 
potestatis et iurisdictionis rOmani episcopi in hoc regno nuper edita 
ac quodlibet aliud licitum [MS. lacitum] iuramentum in animas 

30 nostras praestandi subeundi ac iurandi' etc. f. 224 a. b. 

212. 10 Oct. 1537. Presentation (Lat.) of Jo. Blande M.A. 
to Ospryng vicarage, vacant by the death of Hugh Fytzherbert. 
f. 224 b. 

213. 14 Apr. 1538. Presentation (Lat.) of Tho. Stanlowe M.A. 
3rj to Higham vicarage, vacant by the death of Wm. Cobb. f. 225 a. 

214. 24 Febr. 15fa Presentation (Lat.) of Rd. Alvey M.A. to 
Thorington rectory, vacant by the resignation of Geo. Coper B.D. 
f. 225 a. 

215. (Cf. 76, 81, 83, 121, 122, 222, 224, 227—9). 20 Dec. 23 
40 Hen. 8. Bond for 1000 marks to Geo. Broke Id. Cobham to stand to 

the award of Sir Jo. Fetzjames ch. just, and Sir Ant. Fytzherbert 
justice of the common pleas in regard to the manors of Ramerwike 
and Bloneham. f. 225 b. 

216. 3 Febr. 24 Hen. 8. Letter of attorney (Lat.) to Dr Metcalfe 
45 in the negotiation with Id. Cobham. f 226 a. 


217. 218. 219. 15 Jan. 23 Hen. 8. General acquittances (Lat.) 
to Jo. Cole of Horningsey, Jo. Bray of Fordham, and Randall Hawle. 
f. 226 b. 

220. 19 Apr. 22 Hen. 8- Bond (Lat.) to pay ^60 to Dr Thymylby 
at the ensuing Michaelmas, f. 227 a. 5 

See App. B. to ^th Educ. Rep. p. 465. 

221 (of. 223). 26 Jul. 1539. Presentation (Lat.) of Ste. Ten- 
nande M.A. to Higham vicarage, vacant by the death of Tho. Stanlovs^. 
f. 227 b. 

222 (cf. 215). 18 June 21 Hen. 8. Bond to Lord Cobham of 10 
1000 marks to stand to the award of Sir Jo. Fitzjamys ch. just., 
Sir Tho. Ynglefelde just, of com. pleas and Christ. Halys att. gen. 

f. 228 a. 

223 (cf. 221). 22 June 1539. Presentation (Lat.) of Ste. Ten- 
nand to Higham vicarage vacant by the deprivation of Tho. Stanlow 1 5 
for non-residence and contumacy, f. 228 b. 

224 (cf. 215). 12 July 23 Hen. 8. Bond of 1000 marks to lord 
Cobham to stand by the award of Sir Jo. Fitzjamys and Sir Ant. 
Fytzharbert. f. 229 b. 

225. 7 Oct. 1540. Presentation (Lat.) of Hen. Baylye B.A. to 20 
Aldesworth vicarage vacant by the death of Dav. Byer. f. 230 a. 

' This Bayly had the profit of the parsonag, paying [annuatim ?] 3 li. 
per obligationem in the other redd book 35.' f. 230 a. 

226. 14 June 1542, Presentation (Lat.) of Pi. Becke M.A. to 
Aldesworth vicarage, vacant by the death of Hen. Bayley. f. 230 a. 25 

227. 228. 229 (cf. 215). Three bonds of 1000 marks to Id. Cob- 
ham 20 Dec. 23 [altered into 14 Mar. Jan. {sic) 24] Hen. 8, 7 Mar. 
25 {altered into 7 Dec. 26] Hen. 8, 21 Apr. [filtered into 7 Dec] 26 
Hen. 8, to stand by the award (1) of Sir Jo. Fitzjames and Sir Ant. 
Fitzherbert, (2) of Phi. Parys and — Roydon esquires arbitrators 30 
and Jo. Baker recorder of London umpire [altered into Sir Rob. 
Norwige ch. just, of com. pleas and Sir Ri. Lytster ch. baron of the 
exchequer], (3) of Jo. Hynde and Jo. Baldwyne Serjeants at law 
[altered as in (2)]. f. 230 b. 231 a. 232 a. 

230. 12 Mar. 23 Hen. 8. Bond of J40 from Wm. Claxton elk. 35 
lessee of Woodeham Ferrys parsonage to Wic. Metealf rector there. 
[Struck out : ' nihil ad collegium ']. f. 231 b. 

231. 11 April 17 Hen. 8. Acquittance to Joan relict of Sir Ri. 
Rokeby for £50 in full satisfaction of the sum of £170, for the founda- 
tion of a fellow, f. 232 b. 40 

See App. B. to ^th Educ. Rep. pp. 466, 467. 

232 (cf. 205). 2 Mar. 17 Hen. 8. Letter of attorney (Lut.) to 
Ro. Truslovv to take seisin of lands in Kenythorp, Bellythorp [Bury- 
thorpe], Langton, Burdsall and Levyng on York Wolde, Hamis- 
worthe and Woodhowse, Yorkshire, and of Stavely Derb. f 232 b 4^ 
233 a. 


233. 6 Febr. 1535. Presentation (Lat) of Wm. Cobb B.A. to 
Higham vicarage, vacant by death of Jo. Bruer M.A. f. 283 a. 

The thin kkd book is a paper book in folio now consisting of 
233 leaves ; folios one to three are wanting, and were probably blank. 
5 At the beginning is 'A table of such thinges as are contained in the 
lesser red booke ' on 18 folio pages in a hand of the beginning of the 
17th century. This catalogue is loose. The ' red book ' itself is in 
various hands, contemporary with the date of the several papers. 
Some additions and marginal summaries seem to be in Bp. Fisher's 
I o own hand. 

On a parchment leaf containing a fragment of Ovid etc., pasted 
inside the cover at the end, is the following note : 

'Anno regis Henrici VIII. xxix. et xxx. infra spatium unius anni 

fuere iiij magistri huius CoUegii: nempe Doctor MetcalfFe qui fuit 

15 dimissus etc. ; secundus Doctor Wylsson qui renuit accipere; tertius 

Doctor Deye qui infra annum fait praepositus collegii Regalis ; quartus 

Magister loannes Taylor qui et modo est et diu floreat.' 

II. The Thick Black -Book in St John's Treasury. 

A folio paper volume of pp. 332, and ff. 833 — 527, with G leaves of 
20 index and several leaves of blank paper at beginning and end. It 
has a label ' 33 Hen. 8 —10 Eliz.' 

1. Fragment of a lease to Rob. Coldwell alias Cole. p. 3. 

2. 20 Oct. 33 Hen. 8. Lease to Nic. Barker of Melborne hus- 
bandman of lands and tenements called Gemptings in Melrethe and 

25 Melborne etc. for 20 years at a rent of £4. pp. 4, 5. 

3. 20 Oct. 33 Hen. 8. Lease to Thomas Alen of Ospringe hus- 
bandman of the 'orteyarde or gardyne ... at the east end of Os- 
pringe streate' for 20 years at a rent of Qs. ]). 6. 

4. 20 Oct. 33 Hen. 8. Lease to Jo. Norton of Upchurche gent., 
30 of 18\ acres 34f- perches in Upchurche at a rent of 13s. Ad. pp. 7, 8. 

5. 20 Oct. 33 Hen. 8. Bond of ^100 to Jas. Blytlie of Wynde- 
sore and Thos. Blande of London gent., exors. of Dr Lupton's will, to 
stand to the award of Geo. Day queen's almoner and Jo. Chamber 
dean of St Stephen's Westm. respecting Dr Lupton's legacies to the 

35 college, p. 9. 

Pp. 10 — 12 erased, being the same as no. 7 below. 

6. 20 Oct. 33 Hen. 8. Bond of ^20 to Sir Tho. Bliott of Carl- 
ton Cambs. for fulfilment of covenant (as below), p. 13. 

7. 20 Oct. 33 Hen. 8. Lease to Sir Tho. Eliotte of Browncs 
40 farme in Weston Colvyll for 20 years at a rent of 40s. pp. 14, 15. 

8. 29 Apr. 1542, 34 Hen. 8. Letters of proxy (Lat.) to Ri. Com- 
berford M.A. and Edm. Clyfton [? Clyston] LL.B. and Nic. Williamson 
LL.B. in regard of Horningsey rectory, pp. 19, 20. 


9. 16 July 34 Hen. 8. Sale (Lat.) to Jo. Rust burgess of Cam- 
bridge, for 20 marks, of a messuage situate in the parish of S. Mary's 
the Virgin near the market, between tenements of Jo. Rust on the 
S. and of Phi. Parys esq. on the N., abutting on the market to the 
W. and part of Rust's tenement to the E. ; Jo. Hatcher M.A. attor- 5 
ney for the college, pp. 21, 22. 

10. 28 July 34 Hen. 8. Indenture tripartite between St John's 
and Jesus colleges and Jo. Reston D.D. Aug. 3 yearly to be kept in 
Jesus college ' an Obyte or Anniuersary with solempne dirige and 
masse of Requiem by note in the next morowe folio winge the day lo 
before apointed for the soules of Robert and Agnes his [Reston's] 
parents with this collecte Deus cui proprium And other orisons 
and prayers by the churche accustomed aswell for the soules of 
Roberto and Agnes Reston his parents' as for the soul of Jo. Reston 
when he shall die; 16.?. to be distributed yearly for the obit; 20<:/. 15 
for the master, if present ; to every fellow present Sd., or if a priest 
12f/.; to the grammar schoolmaster, if present,. 6(i.; to the usher of 
the school, 4f/. ; to every scholar and chorister of the college founda- 
tion 4.d. ; to the butler 4c/. ; to the master's [}. W] scholar, Ad. ; to the 
keeper of the 'revestrye' and bell ringer Ad.; to every 'messe' at 20 
dinner Ad. ; the remainder to the fellows in residence; the master of 

St John's or his deputy, if present, 12c?. If Jesus College break 
covenant, St John's may distrain to the amount of 20s. the first and 
second year, £IQ the third. The sums to be distributed may be 
diminished, if Jesus college increase in number, pp. 23 — 26. 25 

See Aili. Cant. i. 106. 

11. 8 Sept. 1542, 34 Hen. 8. General acquittance (Lat.) to Geo. 
TrafForde gent. exor. of Wm. Roberts, p. 27. 

12. 12 Oct. 1542, 34 Hen. 8. Letters of proxy (Lat.) to Ri. 
Becke M.A. vie. of Aldesworth, Jo. Korresse esq. of Wingfeld, Jo. 30 
Stoner (?) of Northstock gent, and Jo. Gates vie. of Wingfeld, in 
respect of Aldesworth rectory, pp. 28, 29. 

13. 18 Jan. 84 Hen. 8. General acquittance (Lat.) to Randall 
Hall, the college receiver, p. 29. 

14. 10 Mar. 154?j. Testimonial (Lat.) to Wm. Gokman B.A., 35 
scholar, p. 30. 

15. 11 Sept. Presentation (Engl.) of Ri. Carre B.A. priest to a 
chantry in St Paul's of Dr Dowlman's foundation. ' Vide the thinne 
red book fol. 7' [Not the book calendared above], p. 31. 

16. 12 Nov, 35 Hen. 8. Acquittance (Engl.) for ^4 to Wm. 40 
Laurence of Hertingfordburie Herts yeoman; this £4 due yearly 
out of the manor of Extombes until the sum of ^204. 125 be paid 

p. 32. 

17. 9 Jan. 35 Hen. 8. General acquittance (Lat.) to Randall 
Hall [erased], p. 32. . ^^ 


18. 20 Dec. 35 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Alice Herrys of New 
Windsor of a garden in Gutter's Lane Windsor, for 20 years, at a 
rent of 2s. pp. 33, 34. 

19. 20 Dec. 35 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Wm. Horstede of Wins- 
5 ham Berks of Redelake meadows and a parcel of land called Eytys 

and 8 acres of arable land called Wynters, for 20 years, at a rent of 
Ss Ad. pp. 34, 35. 

20. 10 Jan. 35 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Wm. Hinston of Ford- 
ham yeoman [struck out and ' Rauff Lever fellow of the said college' 

lb suhstituted'] of the manor called Bassingburne, for 20 years, [from 
Mich. 1564, inserted for Lever] at a rent of J 18, pp. 36—38. 

21. 10 Jan. 35 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to 01. Lowthe yeoman of 
the manor of Bromehall, with 30 acres of meadow in Egham, for 20 
years, at a rent of £1. <os. 8d. pp. 88 — 41. 

15 22. 10 Jan. 35 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Thos. Grene of Milton 
Kent gent., of the manor of Ti'ianston in Romney marsh, for 20 years, 
at a rent of £1. 4d. pp. 41 — 43. 

23. 23* 17 Jan. and 16 Mar. 154|. Testimonials (Lat.) to Rob. 
Hebilthwayte M.A. fellow, and Leon. Watson B.A. pp. 44, 45. " 

20 24. 26 Mar. 1544. Appointment (Lat.) of Wm. Tomlinson 
scholar to the service in S. Mary's chapel Ospringe (the Masendue), 
at a stipend of £6. 1 3s. Ad. ; he to be bound to keep a school as well 
as to perform service, p. 46. 

25. 10 Apr. 35 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Rob. Rustat of Hor- 
25 mussay Cambs. husbandman, of tenements lands and holts at Asshe- 
well Herts, for 20 years, at a rent of £8. pp. 47, 48. 

26 (see 84). 24 Mar. 35 Hen. 8. Sale (Engl.) to the king of 
Knoll grove (44a. 1 rood) in Eggam Surr. for ^41. 12d. pp. 49, 49*. 

27. 4 May 36 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Ri. Comberford of 
30 Cambridge gent., of a messuage and lands at Much Bradley Suff., 

for 20 years from Mich. 1549, at a rent of £18. pp. 50, 51. 

28. 4 May 36 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Jo. Comberford gent., 
of lands in Much Bradley, for 20 years from Mich. 1552, at a rent of 
£6. As. pp. 52, 63. 

35 29. 28 Apr. 36 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Jo. Blyth elk. of 
Hornyngsay parsonage, for 10 years from Lady-day 1547, at a rent of 
£21. pp. 54, 55. 

30. 4 May 36 Hen. 8, Lease (Engl.) to Wm. Rustat of Cam- 
bridge yeoman, of Ramerweke manor, for 20 years from Mich. 1555, 

40 at a rent of £6. 13s. Ad. pp. 56, 57- 

31. 4 May 36 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Wm. Payne, of a tene- 
ment and lands at Newnham, for 20 years from Mich. 1559, at a rent 
of4l5. p. 68. 

32. 4 May 36 Hen. 8. Appointment (Lat.) of Wm. Thomlynson 


elk. to perform service and keep school at Le Masendew Osprynge, 
at a stipend of 10 marks with house and garden, p. 59. 

33. 16 May 36 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Xtr. Nevanson elk. 
of the parsonage and lordship of Hedcorne, for 10 years, at a rent of 
£10. pp. 60— 62. 5 

34 (see 26). 18 June 36 Hen. 8. Letters of attorney fLat.) to 
Wm. Pulleyn and Wm. Smart to make over KnoUe grove to Win. 
Rustat, who shall make it over to the king. p. 63. 

35. 4 July. To a judge, asking him to stand their friend at 
Bedford assizes, their opponent Mr Snagge being 'well frended', as ^° 
dwelling in the neighbourhood, p. 64. 

[36. 9 July 2 Bliz. Presentation (Lat.) of Edm. Barker to 
Higham vicarage, vacant by death. Rough draught, p. 65]. 

37 a. 30 June 36 Hen. 8. Agreement (Engl.) with Bart. Brookes- 
bie of Much Bradley, from whose ancestors came parts of the col- ^ 5 
lege lands in Much and Little Bradley and Little Thurlowe ; he to 
resign all claim to the lands ; the college to pay him 2 capons yearly, 
or in default 12d,; and to do suit of court, or in default 6d.; and 
henceforth to pasture not more than 120 (in place of 300) sheep on 
the common, pp. 66 — 70. 2° 

37 b. Schedule (Engl.) containing a teiTiar of the college lands 
in Much and Little Bradley and Thurlowe the less 6 and 7 Apr. 35 
Hen. 8. pp. 71—86. 

38. 12 July 36 Hen. 8. Grant (Engl.) to Bart. Brokysbye of 
the 2 capons etc. as by agreement of 30 June. Above n. 37 a. p. 87. 25 

39. 12 Sept. To the bp. of Llandaff [Holgate ; see p. 242 
above]. Solicit his aid for Hebilthwait, master of Sedbergh. His 
endowment, a farm given by Rog. Lupton, is threatened by Bland 
and Couper. [Cf. p. 132 above], p. 88. 

Printed in Aschaini Epistolae, p. 72. Collation. Heading Epi5 3° 
Landauensi. 1. 25 up huiusmodi MS. 1. 24 up uniuersam rempubli- 
cara MS. 1. 23 up excitari MS. 1. 16 up donatam nostrae fidei et 
quasi gubernationi commisit atque MS. 1. 14 up Hebilthwatum MS. 
1. 10 up D. tuam MS. 1. 9 up autoritas MS. 1. 8 up reprimat & cm. 
MS. 1. 5 up literas, rempublicam MS. 1. 4 up multum tibi obligabis. 35 
Uniuersam causam MS. 1. 2 up. ' rogamus. Jesus Christus D. 
tuam diutissime servet incohimem. Cantabrigiae. E Colegio nostro 
duodecimo Septemb. _ 

Dnationis tuae studiosissimi 
magister et socii ac scholares 40 

colegij D. iolia Evangel.' 

40. [No date. To the trustees of Sedbergh school, as it seems]. 
Require them to seal the deed for Mr Hebilthwat. The college is 
resolved to secure him his rights. English, p. 89. .r 

41. 16 Sept. 1544. Testimonial (Lat.) to Rob. Roch [or Roke] 
B.A. p. 90. 


42. 10 Apr. 35 Hen. 8. Lease (Bng.) to Wm. Sherwood bedell 
of a farm called ' the ferme of the great barne ' at the N. end of 
Cambridge, ' nigh mito the stone crosse in Huntingdon waie and the 
chalke pittes there', for 20 years, at a rent of 46^. 8d. pp. 91 — 93 

5 [erased]. 

43. 14 Oct. 3"6 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Segar Nicolson of Cam- 
bridge bookbinder, of a tenement in St Mich, parish, situate between 
2 tenements of C.C.C.C. to S. and N., the east head, 24 ft. broad, 
abutting on High street, the west, 13^ ft. broad, upon a tenement in 

lo the tenure of Miles Prance [afterwards 2 Eliz., of Dr. Carre], for 20 
years, at a rent of lis. pp. 94, 95. 

44. 14 Oct. 36 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Rob. HolHngshead of 
Cambridge tailor, of a tenement called Morehouse in Trin. parish 
with tenements in Walles lane, for 20 years, at a rent of £3. [In 

15 later hand is superscribed : 'The grene dragon'], pp. 96, 97. 

45. 27 Oct. 36 Hen. 8. Letters of attorney (Lat.) to Hugh Hun- 
gate and Rob. Pikeringe, to appear at the court of Buckcrosstone 
wapentake E. Riding, p. 98. 

46. 31 Oct. 1544. Appointment (Engl.) of Ei. Wilkinson elk. to 
20 be chaplain and curate of Horningseye, at a stipend of £6, with the 

use of the vicarage mansion, pp. 98*, 99. 

47. 28 Oct. 1544. Presentation (Lat.) of Hen. Saimderson M.A., 
fellow, to Aldesworth vicarage, vaeant by the death of Ri. Becke. 
p. 100. 

25 48 a. 28 Oct. 36 Hen. 8. ' For 2 scholars of D. Lupton's 
latter foundation, there being 6 before founded by him, to be chosen 
owt of Setber schole'. Indenture (Eng.) with the vicar of Sedbergh, 
Rob. Heblethwaite chantry priest and schoolmaster of Sedbergh, Jas. 
Cowper, RoUand Bland and other feoffees of Sedbergh chantry 

30 founded by Rog. Lupton. Recites Lupton's foundation (6 May 19 
Hen. 8) of 6 scholars, and another [27 Hen. 8, ThinHed Book, n. 123. 
See abovcj p. 352] of 2 fellows and 2 scholars. None but such as 
have studied at least a year at Sedberg to be admitted scholars of 
either foundation. [Lupton had not expressly laid down this con- 

35 dition in his latter foundation], pp. 101 — 103. 

48 b. 28 Oct. 36 Hen. 8. Bond of 100 marks to the feoffees of 
Sedbergh for performance of the above covenant, p. 104. 

49. 6 Nov. 36 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Wm. Colman gent, of 
Thoryngton manor, some parts excepted, for 20 years from Mich. 1556, 

40 at a rent of £24. IQs. pp. 105—107. 

60. 1 Dec. 36 Hen 8. Lease (Engl.) to Jo. Bingley husbandman 
of Tofte, of lands in Tofte, Hardwicke, Comberton, for 20 years, at a 
rent of 18^. pp. 108, 109. " 

51. 13 Dec. 1544. Testimonial (Lat.) to Jo. Rawlinson M.A., 

45 fellow, p. 110. 


52. 53. 17 Dec. 36 Hen. 8. Letters of attorney (Lat.) to Nic. 
Walshe, Tho. Turner and Rog. Storer to appear at the courts of 
Staveley and Scaresdale manors, pp. Ill, 112. 

54. 12 Mar. '66 Hen. 8. General acquittance (Lat.) to Randall 
Hall, the college receiver, p. 113. 5 

55. 25 Febr. 36 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Jo. Bridgeman of 
Fennedraton, husbandman, of 40 acres there lately purchased of Tho. 
Wolfe gent., for 20 years, at a rent of 33^. 4d. pp. 114, 115. 

56. 24 Febr. 36 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Tho. WiUiams of 
Cotenhara, husbandman, of a tenement and laud there, for 20 years, lo 
at a rent of Gs. 8d. pp. 116, 117. 

57 (see 63). 31 Mar. 36 Hen. 8. Appointment (Lat.) of Jo. 
Smythe as general receiver at a stipend of 8 marks, pp. 118, 119. 

58. 21 Mar. 36 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Tho. Osborne of Horu- 
ingseie, mylner, [afterwards on the 4th Sept. 37 H. 8 to Jo. Blythe 15 
M.D., of Cambridge] of a tenement and stable with 11 acres of land 

at Horningseie, for 20 years, at a rent of 18s. Scl. pp. 120, 121. 

59. 7 Apr. 36 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Jo. Kinge of Stewcleie 
Hunts, yeoman, of the manor place and lands there, for 20 years from 
Mich. 1546, at a rent of £5. Ss. 8d. pp. 122—124. 20 

60. Same date. Lease (Engl.) to Tho. Austen of Stewcleie, hus- 
bandman, of a tenement with lands there, for 20 years from Mich. 
1546, at a rent of 67s. pp. 125—127. 

61. Same date. Lease (Engl.) to Jo. Dalton of Stewcleie, hus- 
bandman, of a tenement and lauds there, for 20 years from Mich. 25 
1546, at a rent of S9s. pp. 128—130. 

62. Same date. Lease (Engl.) to Jo. Tirralde, husbandman, of a 
tenement and lands at Stewecleie, for 20 years from Mich. 1546, at a 
rent of 47^. pp. 131—133. [Erased, and a note of a lease (dated 

3 Nov. 3 and 4 Ph. and M.) with reference to the red book f. 40, added]. 30 

63. 20 Mar. 36 Hen. 8. Bond of £100, by Jo. Smyth [n. 57] to 
discharge his office faithfully, pp. 134, 135. 

64. 12 Apr. 36 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Tho. Hawkins of Bough- 
ton under the Bleane, yeoman of the guard, of Ospringe parsonage, 
for 10 years from Mich. 1549, at a rent of X33. 16s. 8d. pp. 135 — 138. 35 

65. 16 Apr. 36 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Ad. Sangate of Os- 
pringe, yeoman, of the manor of Blverland there, for 20 years from 
Mich. 1551, at a rent of ^10. 6s. Sd. pp. 139—142. 

66. Same date. Lease (Engl.) to Wm. Gierke of Abbotslei, hus- 
bandman, of Little Paxton manor, for 20 years from Mich. 1548, at a 40 
rent of £5. 15s. 7d. pp. 143, 14i 

67. Same date. Lease to "Wm. Laing of Cambridge, of land in 
Trumpington, for 20 years, at a rent of 23s. 4d. pp. 145 146. 

68. Same date. Lease (Engl.) to Jo. Fauden sen. of Strowde 


Kent, yeoman, of Ridge well manor, for 20 years from Mich. 1563, 
at a rent of £16. 13*. M. pp. 147—149. 

69. 4 Sept. 37 Hen. 8. Appointment (Lat.) of Wm. Cooke gent., 
as steward of the college manors in Hunts., Beds, and Herts, at a 

5 salary of 13s. 4d p. 150. 

70. Same date. Lease to Jo. Munsey of Cambridge, husband- 
man, of the farm of the great barn at the n. end of Cambridge nigh 
to the stone cross in Huntingdon way, for 20 years, at a rent of 
43s. 4:d. [The same farm with ' the new howse afore the gates of 

lothe college' was let in 1565 to Roger, the college cook, for £b]. 
pp. 151, 152. 

71. 2 Oct. 1545. Presentation (Lat.) of Wm. Blaxton M.A., fel- 
low, to Aldesworth vicarage, vacant by the death of Hen. Saunder- 
son. p. 153. 

1 5 72. 20 Oct. 1545. Lease (Engl.) to Rob. Bryan, ploughwright, of 
a void plot ' where the coUedge house stood that was burnt ' close to 
the castle, 24 y. 1 ft. long x 4 y. 8 in. broad at the E., 8 y. at the W., 
for 30 years, at a rent of \Qd. pp. 154, 155. 

73. Same date. Lease (Engl.) to Hugh Blaxton of Cambridge, 
2o of a garden in S. Giles' parish Cambridge, between the tenement of 
Clare Hall to the N., the king's ditch and messuage of the late M' 
Blaxton to the S., the E. head abutting on the tenement of the late 
Mr Blaxton, and the W. upon the high Street, for 30 years, at a rent 
of 206?. pp. 155, 156. 
25 74. Same date. Lease (Engl.) to Myles Praunce of Cambridge, 
bruer, of a garden called Tassell's in S. Clement's parish, for 80 [altered 
into 50] years, at a rent of 5s. 4td. pp. 157, 158. 

75. 25 Nov. 37 Hen. 8. Receipt (Engl.) for M from Wm. 
Lawrence of Hertingforthbury. p. 159. 

2,0 76. 7 Jan. 37 Hen. 8. Receipt (Engl.) for 40s. from Hen. Com- 
berford, parson of Polstead, in part payment of ^20. p. 160. 

77. 10 Apr. 37 Hen. 8. Letters of attorney (Lat.) to Hugh Hun- 
gate and Reynold Beysley to appear for the college in the Yorkshire 
courts, p. 161. 
35 78. 18 Apr. 37 Hen. 8. Lease to Rob. Rustat of Ashwell, hus- 
bandman, of a tenement called Malvern's with land in Steple Mor- 
den, for 20 years, at a rent of 40s. pp. 162, 163. 

79. 10 Sept. 38 Hen. 8. Bond of J30 to Randall Hall, to stand 
to the award of Tho. Hutton and Wm. Cooke, p. 164. 
40 80. 24 Jan. 38 Hen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Geo. Beawne [or Beane] 
of Waterbeche, yeoman, of a messuage there at the end of the town 
towards Denney, called S. John's maise, with an osier holt &c., for 30 
years, at a rent of 10s. pp. 166,-167. 

81. 24 Jan. 38 Hen. 8 and 4 Jan. 1 Edw. Same as 76. p. 168. 


82. 24 Jan. 38 Plen. 8. Lease (Engl.) to Rob. Multon of S. Neot's, 
of lands in Much Paxton, for 20 years from Mich. 1548, at a rent of 
31s. pp. 169, 170. 

83. 23 Febr. 1 Edw. 6. Lease (Engl.) to Reinolde Moigne gent, 
and. Marg. his wife, of Rawreth Ess., of the college moiety of Raw- 5 
reth, with the hall, houses and lands, reserving the presentation to 
the church, for 20 years, at a rent of ^13. 12s. pp. 171 — 173. 

84. 10 Mar. [154f]. Letter (Lat.) from the president and 
fellows to the duke of Somerset, p. 174. 

They have admitted Wm. Bill master at his recommendation and lO 
pray for a continuance of his favour. See above, p. 124; Thin red book, 
ff. 172 — 174. 

85. 12 Nov. 1 Edw. 6. Letters of attorney (Lat.) to Ri. Rain- 
shaw gent, and Wm. Wood gent., to maintain the college title to 
Helbron's land at Langdon Hills Ess., and also to Benfylls at Horn- 1 5 
don on the Hill, as it is disputed by the tenants, p. 175. 

86. 25 Nov. 1 Edw. 6. Same as 75, with notes of same yearly 
to 1553. p. 176. 

87. 20 Sept. 1 Edw. 6. Lease (Engl.) to Tho. Bill esq. of St 
Earth. London, king's physician, of Higham manor and parsonage, 20 
with Lillichurch manor in Higham, with lands and rights in Higham, 
Cliff, Colling, Yalding, Hoo, Strode, Shorne, Cobham, Chalk, Dert- 
ford, and Horndon on the Hill, with lands called Hilbroad lands, for 

20 years beginning Mich. 1563, at a rent of £50. pp. 177 — 182, 

Erased. See above, p. 128, and below n. 96. 25 

88. 21 Nov. 1547. Latin letter from the college to protector 
Somerset, pp. 183—188. [cf. below f.360 a]. 

Written by Ascham, and printed in his Epistolce (Oxon. 1703) pp. 
291 — 296. The following collation supplies several corrections. Head- 
ing : Supplicatio ad D. Somers. Protectorem. 1547. p. 291 1. 5 up, 30 
restituas. 1. 3 up cU for 'cujus' by mistake. 

p. 292 1. I, certe om. MS. felicitas written foel. always in MS. 1. 20 
for instructos idoneos MS. 1. 29 adjuvant iuvant MS. 1. 30 vobis 
reliqua spes MS. 1. 32 ut quod fequum et nostrum est MS. 1. 33 
tuam om. MS. 1. 2 up benevole MS. and so p. 293 1. 5 benevolentia, 35 
1. 7 beneficium. p. 295 1. 9 up beneficii. 

p. 293 1. 4 quidam MS. 1. 12 diu nutu suo MS. 1. 13 propterea 
MS. 1. 14 D. [for Domina; not Diva as printed] MS. 19 homines, 
viros MS. last line auctores igitur MS. 

p. 294 1. 2 quifructum et fructum MS. 1. 3 eorum earum MS. 1. 14 aq 
Yomannorum MS. 1, 15 authores MS. om. enira MS. 1, 15 and 16 
(hii — concitarunt) in brackets. So 1. 9 up (Scripturse— utimur). 1. 20 
erat, so 1st hand, but corrected /mi«. 1. 23 vires reipublicee MS. 1. 24 
after omnem 2nd hand inserts fere. 

p. 295 1. 6 Beus Dominus MS. 1. 18 after aliorum MS. rightly in- 4 c 
serts ' qase quanta— intelligunt' and omits these words in 1. 19, 20. 
1. 20 fore om. MS. 1. 26 pellit MS. 1. 30 Cecillus MS. 1. 7 up 
instituit MS. 1. 6 up corpora plurima MS. last 1. consecutos MS. 


p. ■296 at the end after die. 2nd (but very early) hand adds ' diutis- 
sime seruet incolumem. Cantabrigise E Collegio D. Joannis Evange- 

xxio Nouembris 1547. 
5 Sublimitatis tue deditissimi 

Gulielmus Byllus magister, 
et omnia ccetus Sociorum ac 
Scholarium CoUegij D. J oa. Eva.' 
And then (erased) 'Eogerus Asehamus.' 

10 89. Same date. Shorter Latin letter to the same, to the same 
eflFect. pp. 18,9, 190. 

90. 28 Dec. 1547. Latin letter to "Wm. Cicell, master of 
requests, p. 19. 

Thanks for his past favours, congratulations on his advancement. 
15 [Probably by Ascham]. 

91. 28 Dec. 1547. Latin letter to Jo. Cheke. p. 192. 

Printed in Aschami Epistolce, pp. 336, 337. 

Collation. Heading. Pro Collegio om. MS. p. 336 lines 3 and 12 
and 25 up bene MS. 1. 24 up omnes enim MS. 1. 16 up consiliandos 
2 MS. by mistake. 1. 11 up quantum Collegii quod coUegij MS. 1. 8 up 

g'MaZecunque MS. 1. 7 up quamvis MS. 1. 6 up quicquam grave ali- 
quid magnum MS. 1. 5 up putat MS. 1. 3 up ingenui egregii MS. 
1. 2 up petimus iara MS. 
P. 337 at end. 
2C 'Cantab. E CoUegio D. Joannis. 

28 Decemb. 1547. 

Mr. et Coetus vniuersus CoUegij 
D. Joannis Evangelistae Cantabrig.' 

92. 1 Dec. 1 Edw. 6. Sale (Engl.^ to Tho. Bellyald (or Beliatt) 
30 of West Markham Notts yeoman, of the timber and underwood etc. 

in the woods etc. called the higher part of Highwood in Tuckeford 
(Tuxford) to 1 May 1550, together with 40 of the best ashes in Tux- 
ford and Markham woods, for £S. pp. 193—195. 

93. 22 Jan. 1 Edw. 6. Appointment (Lat.) of Jo. Ewcley as 
35 collector general, at a stipend of 8 marks, pp. 195, 196. 

94. 11 Febr. 2 Edw. 6. Appointment (Lat.) of Rob. Sayer to 
the stewardship of the manors of Hedcorn, Elverland, Downcourte 
and Higham etc. at a stipend of 265. 8d. p. 196. 

95. 20 Jan. 1 Edw. 6. Appointment (Lat.) of Geo. Frevyle as 
40 steward of the manors of Redgewell, Thoryngton and Rawrethe and 

others in Essex at a stipend of 26s. Sd. p. 197. 

96. 20 Sept. 1 Edw. 6. Same as n. 87 above, with the addition 
of a preamble reciting a former lease (24 Febr. 25 Hen. 8) of the 
same lands to Ri. and Gyles Raynshawe for 30 years beginning Mich. 

45 1533 at a rent of £50 ; Thos. Bylle's 20 years' lease is to begin Mich. 
1563, and the rent to be £50. 13^. M. pp. 199—204. 



97. 6 Mar. 2 Bdw. 6. Receipt (Lat.) for £10 and general ac- 
quittance to Dr Jo. Tailer, late master. [Altered afterwards to suit 
the case of Bp. Pilkington]. p. 204. 

98. Same day. Promise (Engl.) from Dr Tailer, notwithstand- 
ing the above acquittance, to discharge for ' a certayne Jerken of 5 
clothe of golde belonging to the said CoUedg', as also for any other 
missing property of the college, which had been last in his custody. 
p. 205. 

99. 100. 10 June 2 Edw. 6, Presentations (Lat.) of 'Sir' Hen. 
Wardnian to Higham vicarage, vacant by the resignation of Ste. lo 
Tennand ; and of Sim. Clark M.A. to Ospring vicarage, vacant by 
the resignation of Jo. Bland, pp. 206, 207. 

101. 16 June 2 Edw. 6. Covenant (Engl.) with Tho. Bradshaw 
elk., vie. of North Stock and Ippesden, and parson of Newnara, 
Oxon. The vicar's mansion in N. Stock being now ruined, a new ^5 
one to be built by him upon 'the safforne plott' within 3 years, he 

to resign to the college, for himself and successors, certain plots of 
ground ; the college to pay him 5 marks, to give him the tiles from 
the old vicarage, and a parcel of ground 'the wrastlynge ploot', con- 
taining 1 rood, next to Yppesdon church, with the trees thereupon. 20 
pp. 207—209. 

102. 10 July 2 Edw. 6. General acquittance (Lat.) to Randall 
Hall as college receiver and also as farmer of Horningsai rectory. 
p. 210. 

103. I May 2 Edw. 6. Indenture tripartite (Engl.) with Nic. 25 
Agarde gent, of Dunstall StaflF, exor. to Jo. Bayley of Serescote on 
the 2d, and the dean and chapter of Lichfield on the 3rd part. The 
stipend of the fellowship of Jo. Bayly of Syrescote and Rob. Baylye 

of Lond., founded 13 Sept. 18 Hen. 8, to be augmented (according to 
Jo. Bayly's will) to the sum of ISs. Ad. for which purpose Agarde 30 
had paid £VJ to the college ; in default of payment of such stiiDcnd, 
the college to forfeit monthly to Agarde and also to the dean and 
chapter 5^. pp. 211, 212. 

See Appendix B. to ^th Edue. Rep. 1818. p. 466. Leland, Itin. 
IV. 95- 35 

104. 6 Sept. 2 Edw. 6. Lease (Engl.) to Jo. Barnes the elder 
of Cambridge yeoman, of the Graunge or St John's barns with 
lands, for 20 years, at a rent of £9. \M. pp. 213, 214. 

105. 1 Oct. 2 Edw. 6. Lease (Engl.) to Jo. Eliat of Blonham 
fuller and diar, of 'water mylnes' there for 20 years, at a rent of £4. 40 
pp. 215—217. Heading: 'The good man Eliat's lease of Blonham' 
and (in later hand) ' sold by Mr Leaver and the fellowes.' 

106. 10 Sept. 2 Edw. 6. Lease (Engl.) to Rob. Wylson of Crayn- 
well Line, of the manor of Craynwell for a period of 20 years, to 
begin 20 years after the death of Katherine Craynwell [who died May, 45 
1542] at a rent of £Q. 13s, Ad. He had already a similar lease for 


the 20 years next after her death, dated 12 Aug. 26 Hen. 8, and had 
been active in maintaining the title of the college, pp. 218 — 223. 

107. 20 Sept. 2 Edw. 6. Lease (Engl.) to Wm. Paine, college 
cook, of 'the stone howse' in S. Sepulchre's parish upon the N. side 

5 of S. John's lane, with houses, stables and gardens belonging to it, 
for 20 years, at a rent of 45^. pp. 224, 225. 

108. 14 Oct. 2 Edw. 6. Lease (Eugl.) to Jo. Petit of Fendray- 
ton, of land there, for 20 years, at a rent of 35. Ad. pp. 226, 227. 

109. 6 Oct. 2 Edw. 6. Lease (Engl.) to Tho. Watfon of Wev- 
lo ylhingham'Cambs. yeoman, of a meadow and holt there, for 20 years, 

at a rent of Qs. 8d. and 2 capons at Christmas, pp. 228, 229. 

110. 20 Oct. 2 Edw. 6. Lease (Engl.) to Jo. Cheke esq. of the 
king's privy chamber, [' in consideratione that the said J. C. hath done 
great plesure and commodities... in their Colledge suets andbessynes, 

1 5 and also that he is contenually favoringe and profyttinge their said 
Colledge'], of Reddeswell [Ridgwell] manor for 20 years beginning 
Mich. 1563, at a rent of £16. ISs. 4d. pp. 230—232. 
See above, p. 128. 1. 10 sq. 
' The quitt rent is to be paid by the fartnor.' 
20 111. 4 Id. Mart. Il54f ?]. Lat. letter to Sir Ant. Denney. p. 233. 
Thanks for his services in regard to Sedberg School. It has sent 
excellent scholars to the university; and the master, always appointed 
from among the fellows, deserves his stipend. Their enemies are attempting 
to divert the estates, paying the master a small sum as an equivalent. 
25 Hope Denney will continue his vigilance. [No doubt by Ascham. See 
n. 113]. 

112 (cf. n. 39, 40). 10 Mar. [154f?]- Lat. letter to the Duke 
of Somerset, pp. 234, 235. 

Sedberg School is well built, full of scholars, at the extremity of the 

20 country, has lands for the master's maintenance, and sends up 6 or 8 scholars 
yearly to S. John's college, where they have foundations appropriated to 
them ; there is no other school within 40 or 50 miles. Certain men ' e 
fasce et sordibus pessimorum' fearing neither God nor man, are endeavour- 
ing to seize the school estates. If schools fall, the universities must fall 

2 C too, and the kingdom will be eyeless. Pray for his assistance. [No doubt 
by Ascham. Seen. 113]. 

113. 2.9 Mar. 1549. Lat. letter to Sir Ant. Denney. p. 236. 

Printed in Aschami ^pwtoZce (Oxon. 1703), 330, 331, and possibly 

in his autograph. See above n. 39, below n. 114. Collation. Heading: 
40 'Clarissimo Yiro D. Antonio Deneio Equiti aurato Pegis consiliario 

digniss"., et de litteris optime merito.' P. 330. last I. quosque...charitatem 

MS. P. 331. 1. I. antehcec, clarissime antehac, amplissime MS. 1. 8. 

fundorum istam fundorum MS. 1. 9. i^osthac MS. 1. i r. faveres faveas MS. 

1. 15. henificium nos magnum beneficium nos maximum MS. 1. 17, 18. 
45 habebimus hahemna MS. (over the line, persolvinius first written). 1. 18. 

solum solum nos. MS. 1. 24. ad Deum perpetuo pro te fundere facies MS. 

1. 25. ne dum nondum MS. 1. 26. emittentur postea emittentur MS. 1.- 28. 



assecuturi MS. ibid, beneficio astrlnges tuas dominationis precatores assiduos 
perpetuo fore (omitting in perpetuum...devinctissimos) MS. 1. 32. graviter 
promoveas gnauiter promouere MS. 1. 36 after singulari, ' tuis omnibus decori 
et glopJBB sanse permagnse. Cantabiig. e Collegio nostro Diui Joannis 29 
Martij. 1549. _ _ _ 5 

Dignitatis tuse studiosissimi 

Gulielmus Billus Collegij 

Joauis preefectus, et Vmuersus 

coetus Sociorum ac Scholarium 

ibidem studentium.' lO 

114. No date. Latin letter to the duke of Somerset and the 
council, pp. 237 — 240. [No doubt by Ascham.] 

Were rejoiced to hear that you had forbidden the sale of Sedberg estates. 
Sir Ant. Denney sends word that they are again in danger. Reasons against 
selling the land for a yearly stipend, i. Wills ought to be held sacred; ic 
Lupton bought these lands for the purpose of this endowment, 'ad Juventu- 
tem gratis instituendam.' 1. The master will profit more by retaining the 
lands, than by a yearly pension of £10; for on the death of a tenant, or 
the succession of a new master, a fine of double the rent is paid, which 
makes up the average rent to 20 marks or more. 3. No learned man will 20 
take the ofiSce on a vacancy; 'parum nimirum, parum sunt decern pondo 
ad doctum quemvis alendum ; hoc sibi soU satis non est, uxori et familise 
multo minus erit' ; no one will leave the society of the learned, and perhaps 
an equal salary, in college, to go amongst barbarians ; 4. AVho will 
pay the £10? The king? Then for perhaps £200, received from the buyer, 25 
the treasur}' may pay £2000 in yearly pensions. The buyers ? Not they ; 
else, what with the purchase money and the yearly payment, they would 
be no gainers. The master will be forced to London or York for his salary 
at great cost and risk. Soon the payment wiU cease, and the school be 
broken up. 5. The whole north country, robbed of the gratuitous educa- 30 
tion of its sons, will be disaffected. 6. Charity wdl wax cold, seeing that 
not even a time of reformation can repress plunder. 

115. 20 Febr. 3 Edw. 6. Deed of sale (Engl) to Wm. Cook serj. 
at law, for £'67, of lands at Milton, and 18 acres at Chesterton, pp. 
241—243. 35 

116. 20 Apr. 3 Edw. 6. Letter of attorney (Lat.) to Jo. Tebolde, 
to deliver possession of the above lands, pp. 244, 245. 

117. 2 Aug. 3 Edw. 6. Lease (Engl.) to Jo. Blithe M.D., of 
Horningsey parsonage, for 10 years beginning Ladyday 1557, at a 
rent of £21. pp. 246— 248. ' 40 

See above p. 346 [Thin red book n. 52.] 
118 Same date. Lease (Engl.) to Tho. Cowrthop elk. parson of 
Auckland Kent, of Aim (Amy) Croft in Luddenham for 20 years, at 
a rent of 10^. pp. 249, 250. 

119. Same date. Lease (Engl.) to Tho. Beliald of Little Mark- 45 
ham yeoman, of the nianor there, for 20 years beginning Mich. 1660, 

at a rent of ^10. 13s. 4d. pp. 251—254. 

120. Same date. Lease (Engl.) to Tho. Pares (Parys) of Chester- 



ton yeoman, of 47 acres there, for 20 years, at a rent of 45^. pp. 255, 

121. 8 Aug. 3 Edw. 6. Patent (Lat.) for Rob. Seir (Sayer) to be 
college bailiff in Kent, at a stipend of iOs. p. 257. 

5 'This patent ys now graunted to Robert Foule of Benedine in Kent 
by the surrender of the sayd Sayers patent [and since that to Mr Cobb'(?). 
Later hand}. 

122. 24 Nov. 3 Edw. 6. Lease (Engl.) to Ri. Walker of Marflete 
yeoman, of a tenement and land there, for 20 years, at a rent of 

TO 4,4:8. lid. Later note: 'lett this lease pai 2". vj" of the quit rent.' 
pp. 258, 259. 

123. 6 Dec. 3 Edw. 6. Lease (Eng.^ to Jo. Ward of Hilton 
Hunts yeoman, of the manor there, for 20 years; at a rent of £1. pp. 

15 124. 25 Mar. 1550. Lat. letter to the marq. of Northampton. 
pp. 263, 264. 

Printed in Aadhskmi Ejnstolce, pp. 311, 312. The copy seems to be 
in Aschain's autograph. Bee above n. iir, 113. Collation. Heading: 
'Clariss° Dno. G. Marchioni NorthamptoniensL' P. 311. 1. 24. up Mis 
20 his MS. 1. 17. up deducke ipsse deductse MS. 1. 13. up in etc. ad vineara 
Domini vel admiuistrationem MS. 1. 12 up assumi commode assumi MS. 
1. 4. up authoritate MS. studio voluntate MS. 1. 3. up totam tibi venerabilia 
vir Gulielmus BiRus nostri Collegii Prasfectus et Thomas Leuerus ex- 
plicabunt MS. P. 312. L 2. caussa MS. 1. 4. possunt. D. Jesus te Religioni 
25 Reipublicae et Litteris diutissime seruet incolumem. 
Cantab. E Coll. D. J, C. 1550. 25 Martij. 
Dignitatis tuse Cupidiss' 
Mag*"' et Socii ac Scho- 
lares Collegij Diui 
30 Joan. Evangelists. MS. 

125. 20 June [1550]. Testimonial (Lat.) to Tho. Lever M.A. 
fellow. [The only document in the book in red ink], p. 265. 

126. Same date [4 Edw. 6.] Same to Jas. Pilkynton M.A. fellow. 
p. 266. 

35 127. Same date. Same to Lane. Thcxton M.A. fellow, p. 267. 

128. Same date. Same to Jo. Bee M.A. fellow, p. 268. 

129. Same date. Same to Hen. May B.A. fellow, p. 269. 

130. 10 Jan. 4 Edw. 6. Lease (Engl.) to Rog. Slegge of Cam- 
bridge gent., of a garden in S. Sepulchre's commonly called the 

40 Round parish, in length 184 ft. in breadth 20 ft., abutting on the 
church to the W., on the king's ditch to the E., the college ground to 
the N., and C.C.O.C. ground to the S., for 20 years, at a rent of 3y. M. 
pp. 270, 271. 

131. 20 Jan. 4 Edw. 6. Proxy (Lat.) to Jo. Blithe M.D Ri. 
45 Partricke M.A. and Ro. Leet M.A. in regard of Horningsey parson- 
age, pp. 272, 273. 


132. Same date. Lease (Engl.) to Phil. Heiwarde of Much 
Bradley yeoman, of tenements, lands, 'pightells' etc. there situate, 
for 20 years, at a rent of £7. lOd. pp. 274, 275. 

133. Same date. Lease (Engl.) to Wm. Davyd of Holdbeche in 
Holland gent., of tenements, lands, salt marshes, etc. in Holbeche, 5 
Whaplode, Gedney, for 20 years, at a rent of 20 marks, pp. 276— 

134. 3 Nov. 5 Bdw. 6. Lease to 01. Warnar of Cambridge 
yeoman, of Triamston manor in Romney marsh, for 20 years beginning 
Mich. 1563, at a rent of 20 'tidie' carcasses of fat wethers, or lo 
£3. 6s. 8d. instead, pp. 280, 281. 

Imperfect; erased; a different lease, same date, n. 137 below. 

135. 'The erection of the kinge's schole at Sedbergh' (Lat.). 
pp. 281—283. 

Eoyal letters patent partly printed iu Ajip. B. to 5"' Edttc. Report 1 5 
(1818) p. 491. Eobt. Hebilthwayte elk. appointed master, with the profits 
of the estates and the right of appointing an undermaster ; the governors 
to have a common seal, to plead and be impleaded etc. Eog. Lupton gave 
£1000 to S. John's for 2 fellows and 8 scholars from Sedbergh school; 
this disposition to stand in force. 20 

Tiien follows what is printed I.e. with slight variations, and the 
omission of a clause granting the master the power of appointing an under- 

136. May 1554. Testimonial (Lat.) to Chas. Wright, B.A. fellow. 
[Erased], p. 284. 25 

137. Same as 134, but more at large, pp. 288—290. 

138. 4 Nov. 5 Edw. 6. Lease to R. Amye of Badburham yeo- 
man, of a messuage and land there lately bought of Phil. Pareys esq., 
for 20 years, at a rent of lis. 4d. and 2 quarters of wheat or 16*. 

' This covenant of wheat was released by consent of the Mr. and fel- 30 
low^es by reason of his hard rent and reparations to be doon here- 
after by Amy or his assigns, by me William Bill,' pp. 291 — 293. 

139. 5 Eebr. 155|. Presentation (Lat.) of Sim. Gierke M.A. to 
Thorington rectory, vacant by the resignation of Ri. Alvey M.A. p. 
294. .. 

See Thin red booh, f. 225 a. 

140. 20 Febr. 5 Edw. 6. Testimonial (Lat.) to Leon. Pilkilton 
[sic] M.A. fellow, p. 295. 

141. 19 Mar. 6 Edw. 6. Lease to Joane Anable of Cottenham 
widow, of a tenement with garden etc. there, for 20 years, at a rent 40 
of 5s. id. pp. 296, 297. 

' Learne what the quittrent herof ys, for the tenant dotlie not dis- 
burden the colledge.' 

142 (see 170). No date. Engl, letter to Dr Tayler dean of Lincoln, 
sometime master, p. 298. 


The reversion of Earn wrick farm was granted unadvisedly to Tayler's 
servant Eustet ; 'our honest fermer Godlington' will be ruined if Tayler 
do not prevail on Eustet to sell the reversion. 

143. 20 Aug. 6 Edw. 6. Lease to Marg. Rogers of Burne Cambs. 
5 widow, of a toft with lands there, for 20 years, at a rent of 105. pp. 

299, 300. 

144. Same date. Lease to Wm. Ailaiid yeoman, of Hedcorne 
parsonage and lordship, for 10 years beginning Mich. 1554, at a rent 
of £10. pp. 301—303. 

lo 145. Same date. Lease to Rog. [ciltered to Edw.] Sogate of 
Ospringe yeoman, of a piece of ground (18 acres) called Bromhill, a 
close called Brownjaig's (7 acres), 3 crofts called Cokeset (3 and 6 
and 2 acres), for 20 years, at a rent of 465. 8d. pp. 304, 305. 

146. 20 Oct. 6 Edw. 6. Lease to Jo. Hieron yeoman, of Hilton 

1 ^ manor Hunts, for 20 years, at a rent of £7. ' Frustrate by lawe.' pp. 


147. 17 Febr. 7 Edw. 6. Lease to "Wm. Colman of Thorington 
gent., of the manor there, for 30 years beginning Mich. 1576, at a 
rent of £28. 105. pp. 309—313. 

2o 148. Same date. "Wm. Colman's bond of ^200, to raise a sea 
wall within 2 years. [Erased], pp. 313, 314. 

149 a. 22 Apr. 7 Edw. 6. General acquittance (Lat.) to Dr. "Wm. 
By 11 late master, p. 315. 

149 b. Same date. English. Dr Byll undertakes, notvsdthstand- 

2 5 ing the above acquittance, to make good any missing property of the 

college, which may have been in his possession, p. 315. 

150. 2 May 7 Edw. 6. Lease to Jo. Dunkin of certain closes in 
'Bughton in Blayne' [Boughton under Bleane], for 20 years, at a 
rent of 85. pp. 316, 317. 

TO 151. 5 May 7 Edw. 6. Lease to "Wm. Stevens of Cotton hus- 
bandman, of a farm there, for 50 years, at a rent of 505. 4.d. pp. 318, 

152. 4 May 7 Edw. 6. Lease to Rob. Saier, of lands in Up- 
chirche and Baichiffild for 20 years, at a rent of 375. 4:d. pp. 320, 321. 

35 153. 10 May 7 Edw. 6. Lease to Nic. Sharpe of Elsley Notts, of 
a messuage and lands there, for 20 years, at a rent of 235. 4:d. pp. 
322, 323. 

154. 16 May 7 Edw. 6. Bond of ^100 to Sir Hen. Grey of Blun- 
ham, confirming the sale of two water mills with other property 

40 there to Sir Henry and dame Anne his wife. pp. 324, 325. 

155. Same date. Deed of sale (Lat.) of Blunham Mills etc. to 
Sir Hen. Grey for i;60. pp. 325—327. 

156. 20 June 7 Edw. 6. Lease to Geo. Hilles of London and 
"Wm. Raynes of Cambridge, fishmongers, of the pond yard with 13 


ponds and the lop of the willows, for 20 years beginning Mich. 1560, 
at a rent of 305. pp. 327—329. 

157. 1 Aug. [altered into 2 Apr.] 1 Mary [the words 'and in 
earth immediatly under Chryst the supreme head of the church of 
England and Ireland ' erased]. Lease to Tho. Harison of Cumber- 5 
ton weyver, of land there, for 30 [filtered into 50] years, at a rent of 
5s. 6(5?. pp. 329, 330. 

158. 20 Aug. 1 Mary [called 'in earth... supreme head']. Lease 
to Jo. Goldesboro of Cambridge bocher, of Jakys manor Cottenham, 
for 20 years, at a rent of 53*. Ad. J. G. covenants to serve the col- lo 
lege with 'good and sufficient moton' at 3^. Sd. the carcase of 34 lb. 

p. 331— f 333 a. 

159. Same date. Patent (Lat.) for Jo. Tebolde to be steward 
of the manors in Hunts, Beds, and Herts, ff. 333 b. 334 a. 

160. 20 Sept. 1 Mary. Lease to Jo. Pinder gent, of Northstoke 15 
rectory, for — years beginning Ladyday 1559, at a rent of £\5. 
[Erased]. ' This was alienated to Mr Henry Stoner.' ff. 334 b. 335. 

161. 13 Nov. 1 Mary. Lease to Geo. Osborne of London gold- 
smith, of a stable and hayloft, for 33 years, at \d. rent, if demanded. 

f. 336. 20 

162. 15 Nov. 1 Mary. Lease to the college by Geo. Osborne of 
2 chambers for 33 years at a rent of Id., if demanded, f. 337. 

163 (cf. 165). 16 Mar. 1 Mary. Lease to Jo. "Watson of London 
gent., of Ospringe parsonage, for 10 years beginning Mich. 1559, at a 
rent of ^33. 16s. Sd. ff. 338, 339 a. 25 

164. 7 Nov. 1555. Testimonial (Lat.) to Jo, Lakyne B.A. fellow. 
f, 339 b. 

165 (see 163). 2 & 3 Ph. and M. Permission to Jo. Watson to 
alienate the lease of Ospringe parsonage to Wm. Roper of Lincoln's 
Inn. f. 340 a. 30 

166. 2 Apr. 1 Mary. Lease to Randall Hall of Horningsey gent, 
of Horningsey parsonage, for 10 years beginning Ladyday 1557, at 
a rent of ^21. f. 340 b. 341. 

167. 11 May 1554. Testimonial (Lat.) to Alex. Smythe B.A. 
scholar, f. 342 b. 35 

168. 14 May 1 Mary [fidei defensoris erased]. Presentation 
(Lat.) of Pet. Reed to Thorington rectory, vacant by promotion, f. 
343 a. 

169. 22 May 1 Mary. Presentation (Lat.) of Jo. Thomson B.D. 
fellow, to the vicarage of Northstoke, vacant by the death of — 4° 
Bradshawe. f. 343 b. 

170. 28 June 1 Mary. Licence to Wm. Rustat to alienate his 
lease [n. 142] of Ramervvick manor to Rob. Godlyngton. f. 344 a. 


171. 20 Nov. 1 & 2 Ph. & M. Lease to Tho. Haryson of Cum- 
berton weaver, of land there for 50 {filtered into 20] years, at a rent 
of 5*. Qd. [in consideration of his building a dwelling-house, this is 
struck out and 23s. Sd. added in marg.] ff. 345 b. 346 a. 
5 172. 25 Nov. 1 & 2 Ph. & M. Receipt for £4 to Wm. Laurence 
of Hertyngforthburye. f. 346 a. 

173. 20 Nov. 1 «& 2 Ph. & M. Patent (Engl.) constituting Wm. 
Norryse receiver of Bromehall manor, ff. 346 b. 347 a. 

174. Same date. Receipt for J20 to Tho. Mynors of Hertin- 
lo fortheburye gent. f. 347 a. 

175. 14 Jan. 1 & 2 Ph. & M. Patent (Lat.) appointing Tho. 
Wrenne jun. gent, college auditor at a salary of 40s. f. 347 b. 

176. 18 Mar. 1 & 2 Ph. & M. Presentation (Lat.) to the dean 
and chapter of Canterbury {sede vacante) of Mai'tin Clipsham elk. to 

1 5 Ospringe vicarage, vacant by the legal deprival of the last incumbent. 
f. 348 a. 

177. 1 Ph. & M. Same as 181, but imperfect; erased, ff. 348, 
349 a. 

178. 2 Apr. 1 & 2 Ph. & M. Lease to Sir Jas. Dier serj. at law, 
20 of Broune's farm Weston Colvyll, for 20 years, at a rent of 40s. ff. 

349 b. 350 a. 

179 (see 183). 6 May 1 & 2 Ph. & M. Lease to Wm. Kendall 
yeoman, of a close at West Wicham Cambs., for 20 years, at a rent of 
5s. f. 350 b. 
25 ISO. 14 Oct. 2 & 3 Ph. and M. Lease to Edw. Raven of Cam- 
bridge gent., of lands in Multon and Whaplode Line, for 20 years 
from Mich. 1561, at a rent of £9. ff. 351. 352 a. 

181. 11 Oct. 2 & 3 Ph. & M. Lease to Ri. Marshall yeoman, of 
a tenement and land at Atweke in Holdernes, for 20 years from 

30 Mich. 1561, at a rent of £5. ff. 352 b.— 354 a. 

182. Same date. Lease to Wm. Roper of London gent., of 
Ospringe parsonage, for 10 years from Mich. 1559, at a rent of 
£33. 6s. Sd. ' This lease is x' to litell rent.' ff. 354 b.— 356. 

183. 6 Oct. 2 & 3 Ph. & M. Same as n. 179. I 357. 

35 184. 14 Oct. 2 & 3 Ph. & M. Lease to Tho. Gardener of Lend, 
gent., of tenements and lands in Steple Morden and Tadlowe, for 
20 years from Mich. 1559, at a rent of £8. ff. 358, 359. 

185 (see 188, 189). No date. Latin letter to Qu. Mary. 

After great troubles and confusions the queen has been sent to 
40 console them 'tanquam siquis e coslo delapsus Mercurius esset.' Their 
company is drawn from the whole kingdom. Lady Margaret founded the 
college and gave it laws. [Compare this passage with one in Aschami 
EinstolcB, pp. 292, 293]. Three great wrongs sustained by the college ; 
I. The alienation of the estates of the foundress; 2. 'Joannes Fisherus 
4c rofensis episcopua vir imprimis doctus, et singulari vitee morumque in- 


tegritate, cui ilia pientissima proavia vestra moriens omnia sua vasa aurea 
atque argentea nobis legata reliquosque thesauros in vita concessos com- 
mendauerat, est propter acerrimam suam catholicse fidei veraeque religionis 
defensionem in carcerem a quibusdam eius inimicis atque insectatoribus 
coniectus. Is cum in carcere inclusus atque abditus nihil tarn in animo ^ 
habuit homo pius, quam qua ratione commodissime superiorailla omamenta 
ad nos transmittere in vita possit, paucis post diebus securi cruenta per- 
cussus, instituto consilio fraudatus est, vitam Deo commendauit. Eius nos 
morte duplici commodo [^quomodo MS.] priuati sumus: vno quod saperiora 
ilia ornamenta vna cum ingentibus prseclarorum operum voluminibus lo 
penitus amisimus, altero quod eius optatissima vita perfruentes, spem 
magnam novi beneficij habebamus, quod non expectare, imprimis a tanto 
virtutis literarumque patrono, non potuimus. Quanquam est illud quidem 
non in postremo loco deplorandum, tam clarum esse hiis tarn periculosis 
temporibus catholicEe fidei lumen extinctum neque extare iam usque verse jt 
pietatis exemplar ; nos tamen in priuata causa priuatos dolores tantummodo 
significandos putauimus.' 3. 'Inopianos iamdiu amicorum, qui aliquam 
nobis sumptuum partem alleuare possint, vehementer perturbat: et ilia 
noua ac inaudita rerum omnium caritas qu^ vniuersam vndique circumfusam 
regionem pervasit, fere depellit a studiis: statuta nobis et decreta stipendia 20 
parua sunt, nobis ad victum et ad cultum parum conferunt. Quid enim 
est alios hebdomadatim tres denarios, alios septem accipere ; quibus autem 
maximum stipendium statuitur, duodecim tantum suraere? An est iUa 
tantula pecunise summa quse sequare tantam sumptuum magnitudinem 
possit?...An est ilia stipendij erogatio, cuius fructibus ali tantam Itantum 25 
MS.] undique concurrentiura multitudinem speremus? Esto potuisse 
aliquando, nimirum aureis illis seculis, cum diuitiis omnes affluerent, cum 
nulla re quisquam egeret : nostra tamen hac setate non potest : ferrea est, 
adamantina est, absque omni humanitatis sensu est. Quotus enim quisque 
reperietur qui non aliorum sibi bona quam minimo parare, sua alijs vendere 30 
quam maximo pretio velit ? Quotus quisque occurret qui cum suo commodo 
etiam alienum fructum sapit? Hac temporum [tempore MS.] iniquitate, 
Serenissima regina, eo nos inopes scolastici vestri deducti sumus, vt nee 
nobismetipsis studiorum nostrorum certum finem proponere, nee Eeipub. 
vestras debitos ei fructus promittere possimus. Ergo messem sparsa iam 35 
doctrinse et literarum semina non expectabunt '? Abdita in mortifero solo 
ita miserabiliter computrescent ? Eespice, qusesumus, Nobilis regina, 
squallorem scolasticum et deformibatem intuere, etiam atque etiam com- 
miserere ingravescentis calamitatis, occurrito prsecipiti et calamitosse ruinse.' 
If the queen will aid them, they will honour and pray for her as second 40 
fovmdress. if. 360. 361. 

186. 20 Apr. 3 & 4 Ph. & M. Bond of £200 to Jo. Blythe M.D. 
to stand by the award of Hen. Hervy D.C.L., Tho. Yale, D.C.L., Rol. 
Swinborne B.D. and Jo. Ruste alderman of Cambridge, f. 362 a. 

187. 10 Jan. 3 Eliz. Presentation (Lat.) of Tho. More to Os- 45 
springe vicarage, vacant by death, f. 363 b. 

188 (see 185). 17 Cal. Dee. [1557, or 1558]. Latin letter to the 
bp. of Lichfield [Watson], ' suo singnlari patrono.' f. 364. 



'Magna est rerum omnium pemiria, multitudo quam huius collegij 
nostri sumptus alunt non exigua, facilitates autem ita tenues vt vix ad 
minimam partem earum rerum quibus vita studiosorum indiget com- 
parandam sufEciant. Etenim sentimus, si non antea, at iain certe, 
5 colendissime pater, quid sit priuari fundis nostris e quibus annuatim 
quadringentiB librte nobis penderentur, si non ministri Regis Henrici octaui 
603 nobis subtraxisseut. Sentimus profecto quid sit carere ornatissima 
ilia bibliotheca quam vir nunquara satis laudandus Johannes Fisherus 
roffensis episcopus uiuens nobis dederat. Sentimus etiam quid sit destitui 

lO vniuersa ilia supellectile, illis vasis argenteis aliisque preciosis tarn sacrarum 
aedium quam familiarium ornamentis, quibus nobilissima foemina domina 
fundatrix nostra nos moriens donauit. Quorum quidem nulla hijs 
temporibiis nobis emenda forent, si non ministri apparitoresque regij hsec 
nostra dum essent in optimi illius episcopi roffensis aedibus diripuissent 

15 In eum statum res nostrse redactse sunt, vt certum nobis sit breui hoc 
collegium nostrum, vnde in omiies huius regni partes non parua literatorum 
multitudo exire solet et literas studiaque nostra in quibus hactenus vitam 
nostram omnem transegimus deserere, nisi tuo tuique similium auxilio 
maturius iuuemur.' Beg him to urge the queen and cardinal to relieve 

20 them, 'per eruditionem illam tuam qua literatos omnes prae ceteris iuuare 
et promouere soles ipse omnium literatissimus, per collegium hoc in quo 
ipse scolastici vitam degens tuje iiiueiitutis olim rudimenta imbibisti.' The 
master and others bearers of the letter, vs^ill state their case more at 

25 189, No date. Latin letter to the bp. of Ely [Tliirlby]. 

Set forth to him, their visitor, their troubles. The loss i of lady 
Margaret's estates, to the amount of £400 a year; 2 of bishop Fisher's 
furniture, books and plate. Hope that the queen will restore, in whole or 
part, what 'her most illustrious father' took away; and that Pole, G-ardiner 
■JO ^ii<i Thirlby will further their suit. 'Inopes sumus et misera hac rerum 
caritate fame et frigore psene enecti iacemus.' A quarter's stipend is in- 
sufficient for a month. Beg him to visit them 'beneficio prius quam 
gratissima prassentia corporis tui.' f. 365. 

190. 8 Cal. Febr. 155|-. Lat. letter [originally addressed to 
35 Gardiner, but the conclusion, vpith the date and address to abp. 
(Heath) of York were added later], f. 366. 

The college owes its existence to the liberality of the foundress and of 
bp. Fisher; it was designed to support 50 fellows and 50 scholars. King 
Henry deprived it of rents to the annual value of £400 ; bp. Fisher was 

40 constrained not only to reduce the number of fellows and scholars by one 
half, but to reduce their stipend and livery, so that the scholars now receive 
7cZ. weekly and expend i6d., the fellows receive i2d. and pay 6 'dragmas.' 
To relieve their poverty bp. Fisher bequeathed £12 to be divided yearly 
among the priests of the college at his trentals, assigned his four fellows 

4 c; a double stipend, and designed all his estate for the college. By his death 
'quce, proh dolor, instar proditoris habebatur,' we lost all his books, his 
furniture, his plate, his 'vestes populares ac sacras.' If some speedy help 
be not rendered, 'actum plane erit de nobis et studijs nostris propter banc 


intollerabilem charitatem rerum.' They specially request aid in a tedious 
chancery suit against one Slegge. 

191. 26 Oct. 4 & 5 Ph. & M. Presentation (Lat.) of Fras. Bab- 
yngton M.A. fellow to Aldesworth vicarage, vacant by the death of 
Wm. Blaxton. f. 367 b. 5 

192. 22 Apr. 155[6]. Testimonial (Lat.) to Christopher Tatem 
M.A. fellow, f. 368 a. 

193. 7 July 2 & 3 Ph. & M. Licence to 01. Wardner to alienate 
to Jo. Edwardes his lease of gi-ounds in Romney Marsh, dated 

3 Nov. 1 Ed. 6. f. 368 b. ^° 

194. 7 July 1556. Testimonial (Lat.) to Tho. Shelito B. A. fellow. 
ff. 368 b. 369 a. 

195. 18 Nov. 3 & 4 Ph. & M. Licence to Hen. Stores to sell his 
lease (dated 27 Apr. 31 Hen. 8) to Tho. Belliall of Little Marcham. 

f. 369 a. 15 

196. 20 Oct. 3 & 4 Ph. & M. Lease to Rob. Busby of Tylstorne 
in Holdernesse yeoman, of a tenement with land in Marflete, for 20 
years beginning Pentecost 1559, at a rent of £3. 12s. 8d. ' Let this 
lease pai 3s. Ad. of the quit rent.' flf. 369 b. 370 a. 

197. 7 Oct. 1556. Testimonial (Lat.) to Valentine Taler M.A. 20 
fellow, f. 370 b. 

198. 199. 21 Oct. Same to Rob. Dakins M.A. and Geo. Story 
M.A. fellows, ff. 370 b. 371. 

200. 12 Cal. Nov. Latin letter to serjeant Dyer. f. 372. 

He knows the trouble and expense in which the old suit respecting 25 
Hilton has involved them. Beg his assistance in their present tedious and 
costly suit, brought against them by one Snagg. Dyer has given the fee 
due to him from the college to be divided among poor scholars. 

201. Latin letter to [Thirlby] bp. of Ely. f. 373 a. 

Rejoiced the last summer to hear that the dispute about Hilton was oq 
referred to him and serj. Gawde. Have full confidence in his justice and 
good will. 

202. 4 Nov. 3 & 4. Ph. & M. Lease to Jas. Rowlye of London 
tailor, of a tenement and land in Merflett in Holdernesse, for 20 years 
beginning Mich. 1560, at a rent of 44s. \\d. ff. 377 b. 378. or 

'This covnterpayne is twyse Eegestered but never sealed : for this Ja. 
Rowley confessed vnto me, A" 1563. 26 Janvarij at London y* he hadd no 
lease, nor seale ofi'y'^ Colledge.' [Note in Leon. Pilkington's hand]. 

203 (see 207). 19 Nov. 3 & 4 Ph. & M. Appointment of 01. Lowth 
yeoman as college receiver for Bromehall and Northstoke, at a stipend 40 
of 26*. Sd. ff. 378 b. 379 a. 

204. 13 Dec. 3 & 4 Ph. & Mary. Lease to Jo. Spurnstone of Lon- 
don girdler, of Hedcorn parsonage, for 10 years beginning Mich, 
1564, at a rent of 33s. 4c?. and 10 quarters of wheat 'good swet suffi- 
cient well dressed and able stuff after Qs. Sd. a quarter, or elles and in 45 


the stede of the same 10 quarters of wheat ^3. 6s. 8d. at the election' 
of the coll., and £5 at Ladyday ; also £5 to the vicar, ff. 379 b.— 381 a. 

205. 25 Oct. 3 & 4 Ph. & M. Lease to Barbara widow to Peter 
Tayler of Tuxforth Notts, of a tenement and lands there, for 20 years, 

5 at a rent of 425. ff. 381. 382. 

206. 6 Mar. 155f. Proxy (Lat.) to Jo. Hart LL.B., Jo. Kyddall 
M.A. and Val. Tailer M.A., to appear in the v. c.'s court in the suit 
against Jo. Blyth M.D. f. 383. 

207 (see 203). 20 Apr. 3 & 4 Ph. & M. Appointment of 01. Lowth 
lo as college receiver for Broinhall, also for Oxfordshire and Berkshire, 

at a stipend of 265. 8d. ff. 383 b. 384 a. 

208. 3 June 3 & 4 Ph. & M. Lease to Jo. Goldsborowe butcher 

of Cambridge, of Jaks manor in Cottnam, for 16 years, at a rent of 

535. M. ff. 384 b. 385. 
15 209. 10 July 3 & 4 Ph. & M. Lease to Tho. Hasselby of Little 

(or West) Merkeham husbandman, of a tenement and lands there, for 

20 years, at a rent of 545. or 405. 8d. and 2 quarters of wheats as the 

college shall choose, ff. 3S6. 387 a. 

[Mdum. That this lease was demised to Thomas his sonne 3°. 
20 Eeginse Elizabethss with all the covenants above specified ... except for the 

two quarters of whsat, from the which at his great suete he obtained to be 

delyuered and for the same yerely to pay to the companie 'zos. ouer and 

besides his accustomed rent.' Leon. Pilkington's note]. 

210. 211, 14 July 1557. Presentation (Lat.) of Th. Feldyng to 
25 Ospringe vicarage, vacant by the resignation of Mart. Clepston, and 
of Tho. Ranerd elk. to that of Sounnynge Hyll, vacant by the depriva- 
tion of Jo. Gaites. ff. 387 b. 388 a. 

212. 21 Sept. 4 & 5 Ph. & M. Lease to Tho. Barnes of Cam- 
bridge husbandman [on his resigning a former lease which had still 1 1 

30 years to run], of the Grange (or S. John's barns), for 31 years, at a rent 
the first year of 245. Id. and 10 quarters of white or red wheat, or the 
best he has, ' sweate cleane and drye,' or instead of the wheat money 
at the rate of 65. 8d. the quarter, at the choice of the college ; at 
Ladyday the first year £4. 95. 8d. ; and for the remaining term 20 

3 c quarters of wheat and 485. 2d. ff. 388 b. 389. 

213. 20 Sept. 4 & 5 Ph. & M. Lease to Margery widow of Wm. 
Barnes of Cambridge, of a tenement in S. Giles' and St Peter's parish 
with ' More's lands ' bought of Dr Thomson (217 acres in Cambridge, 
Coton and Newnham), for 20 years, at a rent for the first year of 

40 465. 8d. and 5 quarters of white or red wheat at All Saints' (or 6s. 8d. 
a quarter) and £4 at Ladyday ; after the first year, of 12 quarters of 
wheat (or £4) at All Saints', and £4 at Ladyday. ff. 390. 391 a. 

214. Same date. Lease to Jo. King of Stewckley Hunts yeoman, 

1 In these com rents the college has the option of taking money, 6s. 8d. 
the quarter. 


of Stewckley manor, for 20 years, at a rent the first year of £4. I7s. 
and a quarter of wheat : afterwards of 54.?. lOd. and 5 quarters. 
e. 391 b.— 393 a. 

215. Same date. Lease to Tho. Austyiie of Stewckleye yeoman, 
of a tenement with land there, for 20 years, at a rent for the first 5 
year of 50s. 4d. and one quarter of wheat ; afterwards of 35s. id. 
and 4 quarters, ff. 393 b. 394. 

216. Same date. Lease to Tho. Kinge of Steuckhe husbandman, 
of a tenement and lands there, for 20 years, at a rent of 24s. and 

3 quarters of wheat, fi". 395. 396. 10 

217. Same date. Lease to Chr. Woodcocke of Stewckleye yeo- 
man, of a tenement and land, for 20 years, at a rent the first year of 
30s. 8d. and J quarter of wheat ; afterwards of 29s. 6d. and 3 quarters. 
ff. 397. 398. 

218. Same day. Lease to Jo. Brydgman of Fendraton hus- 15 
bandman, of land there, for 30 years [he having resigned a lease 
which had 10 years to run], at a rent of 20s. and 2 quarters of wheat. 

S. 399. 400 a. 

219. 23 Nov. 4 & 5 Ph. & M. [altered into 25 Nov. 1 Eliz.] 
Receipt to Wm. Lawrence of Hartingfurthburie for £4. t 400 a. 20 

220 (see 239). 18 Dec. 4 & 5 Ph. & M. Lease to Jo. Reedmayne 
of Cambridge gent, and Geo. and Ruben, sons of Wm., Shei'wood, of 
' Harlston landes ' in Cambridge and Coton, for 20 years, at a rent 
of 34s. and 3 quarters of wheat, ff. 400 b. 401 a. 

221. Same date. Lease to "Wm. Payn of Cambridge cook, of a 25 
tenement in Newnham with land in Cambridge, Grauncester and 
Newnham [on his resigning a lease which had 12 years to run], for 
32 years, at a rent of 29s. 8 J. and 2 quarters of wheat, ff. 401 b. 402. 

'[This Lease dotbe not the sayde William Payne acknowledge to be 
sealed or agreed upon by him: and therfore payethe no corne.' Leon. Pil- 70 
kington's note]. 

222. 20 Sept. 4 & 5 Ph. & M. Lease to Jo. Bingley of Toft 
[also a corn lease, but erased. 'Not sealed.'] f. 403. 

223. 224. 22 Jan. and 1 Mar. 155|-. Testimonials (Lat.) to Wm. 
Atkynson B.A. fellow, and Tho. Croft M.A. fellow, f. 404. 

225. 10 June 4 & 5 Ph. & M. Presentation (Lat.) to card Pole 35 
[altered into abp. Parker] of Ri. Buckhurste [altered into Tho. More] 
as vie. of Hedcorne [altered into Ospringe] vacant by the deprival 
[altered into death] of the last incumbent, f. 405 a. 

226 (see 229). 9 July 1558. Licence to Jo. Pynder coll. Magd. 
to alienate the lease of Northstocke parsonage to Hen. Stoner gent. 40 
of Northstocke [see lease 16 Mar. 1 Mary], f. 405 b. 

227. 229. 23 Nov. 5 & 6 Mary and 22 [altered into 25] Nov. 
1 Eliz. Receipt to Wm. Lawrence of Hartyngforthebury for £4. 
ff. 405 b. 406 b. 


After 227 is the note, ' Cancellatur propter mortem reginaj ante 
diem receptionis et nova acquittantia scripta est infra folio sequenti.' 
Notes of like receipts 2. 3. 4 Eliz. 

228. 4 Nov. 5 & 6 Ph. & Mar. Appointment of Rob. Paris gent. 
5 as receiver for Ramerwyke manor, at a stipend of 20s. f. 406 a. 

230. 22 Jan. 1 Eliz. Same as 226. f 407 a. 

231, 27 Jan. 1 Eliz. Lease to Wm. Snowdon yeoman, of Bas- 
singburne manor in Fordham, for 20 years beginning Mich. 1562, at 
a rent of £18. ff. 407 b. 408 a. 

10 ' Not graunted'. ' This Lease was neuer sealed that y^ fellowes can 

remembre '. 

• 232 (see 240). Same date. Lease to Jas. Rowley of London 
tailor, of Northstoke parsonage, for 10 years from Lady day 1569, at 
a rent of £15. fif. 408 b. 409 a. ' 

1 5 ' Not graunted.' ' This Lease was never sealed or graunted by the 

fellows that they remembre.' 'This James Rowley confessed to me at 
London A°. 1563. 26. Janvarij, that he hadd a gravut and lease of 
Northstokk in D. BuUokkes tyme, and that the lease whas loste at the 
Colledge at D. BuUokkes goyng awaye '. [L. Pilkington's note]. 

20 233. 27 Febr. 1 Eliz. Appointment (Lat.) of Geoffry Swane 
gent, as steward of Thorington, Ridgwell, Rammerwick and Blun- 
ham, at a stipend of 40^. f. 410 a. 

234. 7 Mar. 1 Eliz. Receipt to Tho. Baylye B.D. master of Clare 
Hall and Jo. Dalby exors. of Tho. Merell late fellow of S. John's for 

2 5 ' a flat pece or bole of sylver parcell gylt, having in the botom the 
Image of Sant Katheren weying xij unces and a half also an Elyote's 
dictionary to be cheyned in the lybrary.' f. 410 b, 

235. 22 Nov. 3 & 4 Ph. & M. Rob. Raye of Cambridge aylbruer 


conveys to the college a debt of £vi and iij quarters of wheat due to 
30 him from Tho. Barnes. S. 411. 412 a. 

236. 17 Mar. 1 Eliz. Lease to Jo. Prese of Willingham hus- 
bandman, of land in S. John's street there, for 20 years, at a rent of 
Is. ff. 412 b, 413 a. 

237. 14 Mar. 2 Eliz. Lease to Jo. Richmond of Horningsey, of a 
35 tenement and land there, for 20 years, at a rent of ISs. 8d. ff. 413 b. 

414 a. 

238. 30 Jan. 2 Eliz. Lease to Jo. Cooke of Cambridge cowper, 
of a tenement in S. Clement's parish, between a tenement of Tr. 
Hall to the N., and one of Clare Hall to the S., abutting on the 

40 street to the W., and a garden belonging to Tr. Hall to the E., for 
20 years, at a rent of 20*. ff. 414 b. 415 a. 

239. 12 Mar. 1 Eliz. Same as 220, except that the 20 years 
begin Mich. 1559. ff. 415 b. 416 a. 

Erased. ' This lease was contrari to the statutes endorsed, for hit 
45 wantes the clause off Non alienation'. [See Ea7-ly Statutes of St Johns 


College, p. 200, 1. 29 : ' Et apponatur haec clausula in omnibus huius- 
modi indenturis, quod huiusmodi tenentes terras, tenementa, beneficia, 
portiones aut quaecunque alia, ipsa vel aliquam partem eorundem non 

240 (see 232). 20 Mar. 1 Eliz. Lease to Jas. Rowley of London 5 
merchant tailor, of a tenement and land at Marflet, for 20 years 
beginning — , at a rent of 44s. \ld. f. 417. 

' Not graunted nor deliuered '. 'A°. 1563. Jan varij. 26. this James 
Rowley confessed vnto me, Leonard Pylkyngton, then Master off Saint 
Jone's College that he hadd no lease off the College off this Ferme. lO 
And yet he hadd sold all his interest off this Ferme to on Eychard 
Walker tenant vnto the same, which Walker whas then present bye 
and wold haue hadd my consent to haue hadd a new lease, which- 1 
wold not then gravnte hym. Nota supra 98°. An other Covnterpayne 
off this lease, and nayther of booth is trew.' ^5 

241. 28 Mar. 1 Eliz. Confirmation of a delivery by Wm. Layng 
of a lease of certain holts in Trumpington (dated 16 Apr. 36 Hen. 8) 
to Jo. Redmayn of Cambridge gent., on Redmayn's undertaking to 
pay the late Wm. Sherwood's debts to the college, f. 418 a. 

* This is not sealed.' 2 

242. 9 Apr. 1 Eliz. Letters of attorney (Lat.) to Tho. Cobbe 
and Godfr. Swane. f. 419 a. 

243. 12 Cal. Dec. 1559. Latin letter to W. Cecil, f. 419 b. 
Hope that he will continue the favour which he has always, and 

lately in their great straits, shewn to the college. 25 

244. 17 Jan. 2 Eliz. Lease to Tho. and Christ'. Rampton, of 
Hilton manor Hunts, for 20 years, at a rent of £7. flf. 420. 421 a. 

245. 20 Jan. 2 Eliz. Lease to Phil. Haiward of Moche Bradlai, 
of a tenement with land there, for 30 years, at a rent of ^8. 14^. 2d. 
and 4 quarters of wheat, ff. 421 b. 422 a. 3° 

246. 27 Mar. [altered into 31 May] 2 [altered into 8] Eliz. Lease 
to Alice Blithe widow, [altered into Pet. Osborne of London esq.] 
and Jas. and Edm. Blithe sons, of Jo. Blithe M.D., of Horningsea 
parsonage, for 10 years from Lady-day 1566 [altered into 1567], at a 
rent of £-2\ with two 'gudd and well brawned boores.' ff. 422 b. 35 

247. 27 Mar. 2 Eliz. Lease to Jo. Wydowes of Bversdayn 
Cambs. husbandman, of lands and tenements in Melreth and Mel- 
borne, for 20 years from Mich. 1562, at a rent of £4. ff. 423 b. 
424 a. 40 

' An AUenation gravnted to Eobert Prat now Tenant vnto the Col- 
ledge off this Fermold' (L. Pilkington's note?). 'M™. that the M'". 
and Seniors concluded to admit this Robert Pratt tenant, notwith- 
standing he had not the lease in his owne name for y* both my L. of 
Duresme and Mr Longworth being M''^ of the College had both 41; 
allowed him so by consent of the fellowes and agreed him and Widowes 
for y'^ interest of y® lease and so receyvid bond of him for performance 


of covenants and not of Widowes and lastly to avoide all scruple 
agreed with the M^ and Seniors the xxviij° of October 1576 to pay 
xxiiij^ to Mr Copinger burser for a braune at Christmas. In witnes 
whereof I have subscribed my name. Amb. Copinger Burser.' 

5 248. Same date. Lease to Jo. Warren of Moche Bradley, of a 
messuage and land, for 30 years, at a rent of £11. 6s. 8cl. and 5 
quarters of wheat. [Erased]. flF. 424 b. 425 a. 

249. Same as 248. flf. 425 b. 426 a. 

' The jyC and fellowes granted vnto y*^ within-named Warren to ali- 

1 o enate a peace of land for the which he must delyver within y® Colledge 

yerely during y*' yeares of this lease a good sownd and well fedd 
brawne. 1564'. 

250. Same date. Lease to Ri. Partyngton of Eversdayen hus- 
bandman, of a tenement called Malverns and land at Steplemorden, 

15 for 20 years from Mich. 1566, at a rent of 40s. ff. 426 b. 427 a. 

251. 4 Apr. 2 Eliz. Lease to Jo. Saunderson, of a messuage 
and land at Gt. Bradley, for 30 years, at a rent of £6. 4s. ff. 427 b. 
428 a. 

252. Same date. Lease to Rob. Godlyngton of Ramerwicke 
20 yeoman, of the manor there, for 34 years, at a rent of £6. 13s. 4(1. 

ff. 428 b. 429 a. 

253. 30 Mar. [altered into 23 June] 2 [altered info 4] Bliz. Lease 
to Edw. Wallis [altered into 01. Flynte], of the pond yards on the back 
side of S. Clement's, abutting W. on the common river, E. upon Jes. 

2 5 coll. close, N. upon J. coll. green, S. ' vpon the lane by Clements churche 

comenly called Harlestons lane', for 20 years from Mich. 1568, at a 
rent of 53s. and ' iiij faire pyckes ij of xviij ynches and ij of xvj of 
cleane fyshe betvryxe the heade and the tayle at too seuerall tymes 
in the yeare', two on May 6, two on Whitwednesday. ff. 429 b. 
30 430 a. 

' This Lease was alienated from Wallys to Oliuer Flint by the con- 
sent of y® M"" and fellowes & afterwards graunted the sayd Olyuer in 
his owne name 1562'. 

254. 4 Apr. 2 Eliz. Lease to Rob. Coldwell alias Cole of 

3 5 Feversham yeoman, of tenements and land at Ospringe Feversham 

and Luddingham, for 20 years from Mich. 1561, at a rent of £8. 3s. 4d. 
ff. 430 b. 431. • 

255. 5 July 1560. Testimonial (Lat.) to Gilb. Holme B.A. fellow. 
f. 432 a. 

40 256. 27 Aug. 2 BHz. Lease to Fras. Pilkington of Rivington 
Lane, of Millington manor Yorksh., for 20 years from Ladyday 1566, 
at a rent of ^8. 10s. ff. 432 b. 4.33 a. 

'An alienation hereof granted to the within named the 22 Novem. 
45 257. 20 Oct. 2 Eliz. Lease to Hen. Byrket of Marflete hus- 



bandman, of a tenement and land there, for 20 years, at a rent of 55s. 
[altered into ^3. Us.'] Sd. S. 433 b. 434 a. 

258. Same date. Lease to Ri. Hogge of Marflete husbandman, 
of a tenement and land there, at a rent of 13s. f. 434. 

259. Same date. Lease to Mylys Hogge of Marflete husband- 5 
man, of a tenement and land there, at a rent of 32s. i. 435. 

260. Same date. Lease to Tho. Marshe of Marflete husband- 
man, of a tenement and land there, for 20 years, at a rent of 41s. 
ff. 435 b. 436 a. 

261. Same date. Lease to Wm. Mershe of Marflete, of a tene- lo 
ment and land there, for 20 years, at a rent of 29*. Id. flf. 436 b. 
437 a. 

262. Same date. Lease to Nic. Stevinson of Marflete husband- 
man, of a tenement and land there, for 20 years, at a rent of 2&s. 3d. 

I 437. 15 

263. Same date. Lease to Jo. Giforson of Atwycke in Holdernes 
husbandman, of a tenement lately bought of Wm. Thorpe esq. and 
land, for 20 years, at a rent of 24*. f. 438. 

264. Same date. Lease to Fras. Gale of Atwycke husbandman, 

of a tenement and land there, for 20 years, at a rent of 35s. 2d. 20 
flf. 438 b. 439 a. 

265. Same date. Lease to Jo. and Tho. Adams of Uppaule in 
Holdernes yeomen, of land there, for 20 years, at a rent of £3. 16s. 8d. 
ff.439b. 440 a. 

266. Same date. Lease to Ra. Anthon of Danmithorpe in Hoi- 25 
dernes, of a tenement and land there, for 20 years, at a rent of 5 
marks, ff. 440 b. 441 a. 

267. Same date. Lease to Adam Wastell of Preston in Houl- 
dernes, husbandman, of a tenement and land there, for 20 years, at a 
rent of 5 marks, ff. 441 b. 442 a. 30 

268. Same date. Lease to Jo. Shepherde of Skeflinge in Hol- 
dernes, of a tenement and land there, for 20 years, at a rent of 55s. 6d. 
ff. 442 b. 443 a. 

269. Same date. Lease to Jo. Owrton of Esington in Holdernes, 

of land there, for 20 years, at a rent of 20*. ff. 443 b. 444 a. 35 

270. Same date. Lease to Leon. Lockewod of Marflete yeoman, 
of a tenement and land there, for 20 years, at a rent of ^3. 12s. 8d. 
ff. 444 b. 445 a. 

271. 5 Sept. 2 Eliz. Lease to Rob. Fowle of Benenden Kent 
yeoman, of Ospringe parsonage, for 10 years from Mich. 1569, at a 40 
rent of ^33. 6s. 8d. ff. 445 b— 447. 

' Nowe alienated... to Geo. Trensham of Feuershara, who hath it in 
his owne name'. Cf. n. 317. 


272. 12 Jan. 2 \_altered into 3] Eliz. Lease to Rog. Haryson, 
college cook, of ' the newe howsse afoure the colledge gates ' and the 
farm of the great barn at the castle end with one close walled with a 
mud wall and a great barn within it ' nyghe vnto the stone crosse in 
5 Huntington waye ' and the chalk pits and land, for 20 years from 
Mich. 1565, at a rent of £5. f. 448. 

273 (see 280). 8 Aug. 3 Eliz. Lease to Thos. [cdterecl to Edm.] 

Adams of Thriplowe, of the manor and lands (reserving to the society 

the right to the hall etc. 'for to he and be in tyme of sickenes and all 

lo other tymes at ther plesure',) for 20 years, at a rent of ^10. 13s. 4(i. 

[Erased], ff. 449. 

274. 12 Jan. 3 Eliz. Lease to Tho. Haryson of Cumberton hus- 
bandman, of land in Tofte, Hardwicke and Comberton, for 20 years, 
at a rent of 185. f. 450. 

1 5 ' Now alienated to Peck of Tofte by y® consent of y® M'^ fellowes & 

schollers y® .ii. of July 1564'. 

275. Same date. Appointment (Lat.) of Jo. Bee of Carleton 
gent, and Hen. Birkett of Marflete, as receivers for Yorksh., at a 
stipend of 26«. Sd. f. 451. 

20 Follows the fragment of a lease to E.a. Lever. See below f. 464. 

276 (see 316). 26 Jan. 3 Eliz. Lease to Hi. Coortes of Cambridge 
gent., of the moiety of Rorethe manor Ess., for 20 years from Mich. 
1567, at a rent of .£13. 12s, ff. 452. 453 a. 

' Cancelled '. * After granted to Renold Moone as foUoweth, [f . 490]. 
2 5 ' The rent off this is alotted to us from the king in his mortmain after 

xvj lib. rent clere yereli : and therfor the sealing was differred for a 
time, but is now sealed with the maisters consente '. 

277. 2 Aug. 3 Eliz. Letters of attorney to Tho. Cartwright 
and Jo. Willones to take possession of Rydgwell manor, f. 453 b. 

30 ' The lyke whas gravnted to Mr Bohon and Mr Dawbney, to entre at 

Stepyll Morden. A". 5. Elizab. 13". Aprilis. A°. 1563', 

278. 13 Sept. 3 Eliz. Appointment (Lat.) of Rob. Fowle of 
Benyngdon as receiver for Kent, for Northstoke parsonage and for 
Alsworth vicarage, at a stipend of 40s. f. 454 a. 



279. 25 Nov. 3 [altered into 4] Eliz. Receipt to Wm. Laurence 
of Hertingforthberye for £4,. 454 b. 

Note of like receipts 23 Nov. 5 and 6 Eliz. in L. Pilkington's hand. 

40 280. 20 Nov. 4 Eliz. Lease to Edm. Adames [same as 273]. 
f. 455. 

' This lease disburdeneth the colledge of the quitt rent y® w°'' y^' were 
wonte to pay to the bisshoppe of Ely for the Lands in Thriplowe 
beinge xxxij^ by y® yere.' 



281. 21 Nov. 4 Eliz. Lease to Jo. Hasselby of Little (or West) 
Marcham husbandman, of a tenement and land there and in Mylton 
and Uxforthe, for 20 years, at a rent of 54s. and 20s. towards the 
provision of 2 quarters of wheat, to go in dividend, flf. 456. 457 a. 

' This Lease payethe yerely to y^ companie xx^ ouer and besides his 5 
yerely rent vpon consideration of the releasse of corne that by his 
other lease he was bownde to pay.' 

282. 18 Jan. 4 Eliz. General acquittance (Lat.) to Jas. [Pilking- 
ton] bp. of Durham, late master, f. 457 a. 

283. 2 Apr. 4 Eliz. Lease to Ri. Moydye (or Modye) of Cam- 10 
bridge 'taylioure,' of a tenement in St Mich, parish, 100 ft. less 4 in. 

in length from N. to S. between a tenement of C. C. C. C. on the S., 
another tenement of C. C. C. C. on the N., the E. head 24 ft. broad 
abutting on the High Street, the W. ISJ ft. broad on a tenement in 
the tenure of Dr Carre, for 20 years from Mich. 1566, at a rent of lis. 15 
if. 457 b. 458 a. 

284. 1 June 4 Eliz. Lease to Mich. Lago of Eeversam miller, 
of a tenement, watennill and land there, for 20 years, at a rent 
of £4. f. 458. 

285. 8 June 4 Eliz. Lease to Jo. Essex of Cottenham husband- 20 
man, of a tenement and land there, for 20 years, at a rent of 8s., and 

a good boar or brawn (or else 20s.) at the ensuing Christmas, f. 459 a. 

286 (see 315). 19 June 4 Eliz. Lease to Jo. Coldwell gent, of 
Cambridge sometime fellow, of Elverlande manor and other land and 
tenements, for 20 years from Mich. 1571, at a rent of £10. 6s. 8d. 25 
ff. 459 b. 460 a. 

'Cancelled'. 'After graunted to Edw. Sowgate as foloweth.' 
[f. 488]. 

287. 31 July 4 Eliz. Lease to Christian Webster of Stretham 
Cambs. widow and her son Thos., of a cottage and land and fishing 30 
in Barrwaye, for 30 years, at a rent of 53s. 4d. ff. 460 b. 461 a. 

' This lease must giue euerie Ashewensday to y^ companie one pike 
being xx*' Inches in cleane fishe, the bringer therof to have for his 
paynes xi^^.' 

288. 19 Dec. 4 Eliz. Lease to Wm. Huntlay college mancyple, 35 
of a tenement in S. Sepulchre's parish, betwixt the round church to 
the N., and another tenement of the college to the S., abutting to the 

E. on a garden belonging to Benet coll., and to the W. on the king's 
highway; also of a garden 8 poles 6ft. long, 18ft. broad at the B., 
1 pole 8 ft. at the W., between a garden of Benet college to the N., a 40 
tenement sometime belonging to Barnewell priory to the S., the E. 
end abutting on the king's ditch, the W. on a tenement belonging to 
S. John's ; also of 15 acres in Cambridge and Hympington fields, for 
31 years from Mich. 1566, at a rent of 30s. Id. ff. 461 b. 462 a. 


' This Lease disburdenithe the colledge of the quitterents wdi it was 
wont to pay for the lands in Impington fields, beirge iij^ j^ by yere.' 

289. 8 Oct. 4 Eliz. Lease to Jo. Hopkins of Cambridge laborer, 
of 2 small tenements in Harelestones lane in St. Clem, parish, between 

5 a house of the same college in the tenure of Myles Prance to the W., 
and two other tenements of the same college ' of the same RoflFe and 
buildinge' to the E, also of 2 gardens together 72 ft. x 48 ft., for 30 
years, at a rent of 13s. 4:d. f. 462 b. 

290. Same date. Commission (Engl.) to Rog. Amis esq., Ri. 
lo Warde esq., Ri. Longvvorthe pres*. of the coll., Tho. Rampton gent., 

Rob. Ockam gent., Wm. Baronsdale sen. bursar, or 3 of them of 
whom the pres*. or bursar to be one, to survey the manors of Chaw- 
ridge, Bromehall and Windlesham. f. 463 a. 

'The like gravnted to M'^ RolfFe, M"" Baronsdale, and Robert 
I e Sayon (?) to survey in Kent A°. 1563. Aprilia x.' 

291. Same date. Lease to Jo. Goldsborrowe sen. of Cambridge 
butcher, of tenements in S. Bdw. parish in the N. corner of the W. 
side of butchery row, of one the N. end ' doeth vppon the market 
crosse', the S. joing another tenement of the coll., to E. and W. are the 

20 queen's high ways, for 30 years, at a rent of ^^3. Ss. id. flf. 463 b. 
464 a. 

292. 13 Oct. 4 Eliz. Lease to Ra. Lever fellow, of Bassingborne 
manor in Fordham, for 20 years from Mich. 1571, at a rent of ,£18. 
f. 464. 

25 293. 14 Oct. 4 Eliz. Lease to Ri. Walker of Marflete yeoman, 
of a tenement and land there, for 20 years from Mich. 1570, at a 
rent of Us. Ud. flF. 464 b. 465. 

Erased. ' This whas sealed, but no delyvered, and after cancelled 
by me bycause he wold not haue this onless he kept y** former lease 
-30 to' [L. Pilkington's note]. 

294. 13 Nov. 4 Eliz. Lease to Hen. Attlee and Ant. Batlie of 
Bromhall husbandmen, of the manor there, for 13 years, at a rent of 
£T. 6s. 8d. ff. 465 b— 467 a. 

295. 8 Nov. 4 Eliz. Lease to Thos. {altered into and sealed in 
35 the name o/Alex.] Johnson of Drydrayton husbandman, of lands 

there, for 20 years, at a rent of 4^. f. 467 a. 

296 (see 302). 8 Nov. 5 Eliz. Lease to Tho. Rogers of Burne 
Cambs. husbandman, of tofts and land there, for 30 years, at a rent 
of 105. f. 467 b. 

.Q Erased. ' This lease folowethe afterwardes ' [f. 472]. 

297. 8 Mar. 5 Eliz. Lease to Alyce Richardes of Cottenham 
widow, of a tenement and land there, for 20 years, at a rent of Qs. Sd- 
f. 468. 


298. 12 Mar. 5 Eliz. Lease to Edw. Wright of Ashewell car- 
penter, of a tenement and land there, for 20 years, at a rent of 
£3. 15s. [Imperfect], f. 468b. f. 469a a fragment. 'Sequitnr 

299. 21 Apr. 5 Eliz. Letters of attorney (Lat.) to Godfrey 5 
Swane and Geo. Boulton. f. 469b. 

300. 8 June 5 Eliz. Lease to Jas. Smythe of Dover butcher, 
of Trannston [or Tryanston] manor in Romney-marsh, for 21 years, 
at a rent of £7. Ad. f. 470. 

301. 13 July 5 Eliz. Lease to Jo. Goldsbrow sen. of Cambridge lo 
butcher, of ' the Greene dragon' in Trinity parish with adjoining 
tenements in Wall's lane, for 40 years, at a rent of £3. i. 471. 

302. 20 July 5 Eliz. Lease to Hen. Rogers of Harleston husband- 
man, as before n. 296 except that the rent is 6*. Sd. and 1 coumbe of 

wheat, f. 472. I5 

303. 10 Dec. 6 Eliz. Lease to Tho. Bromeleye of Little 
Marckham husbandman, of a cottage and land there and at Myddelton, 
for 20 years, at a rent of 5s. f. 473. 

304. Same date. Lease to Pet. Fretchwell of Staley esq., of 

a tenement and land there, for 30 years, at a rent of 10^. ff. 474. 20 

305. Same date. Lease to Rob. Savidge of Stayly Woodthorpe 
Derb. and Eliz*^ his wife, of a farm there, for 20 years, at a rent of 
26«. M. ff. 475b. 476. 

The tenants ' shall find the M'' of the saied Colledge or anye of the 2 5 
Fellowes and their seruauntes Lodgings and horse meate for ij dales or 
ij nightes whensoeuer they come to vewe the Lands there, so that they 
excede not the numbre of iiij persons, or make this their vewe or sur- 
ueye above once in iiij yeres.' A common stipulation. 

306. Same date. Lease to Tho. Baker of Ospringe husband- 30 
man, of land at Neunham Kent, for 20 years, at a rent of 10s. f. 477. 

307. Same date. Lease to Ri. Rey of Cambridge, of a tenement 
and land at Marfleet, for 20 years from Mich. 1570, at a rent of 
44s. llc^. ff. 478. 479a. 

'This Lease should haue payd -2'. 6*. of the quitt rent by my L. of 35 
Duresme his rating, so the rent would have bene xlvijs. \d. [so he dothe 
yf you reede it agayne and can see it.' Later hand. See f. 478b. ad fin.] 

308. 4 Mar. 6 Eliz. Testimonial (Lat.) for Chr. Fowill, B.A. 
fellow [altered into Jo. Berriman, M.A.] f 479b. 

309. 1 Mar. 6 Eliz. Lease to Tho. Thowrougood of Gilden 40 
Morden yeoman, of tenements and lands in Steple Morden and 
Tadlow, for 35 years, at a rent of £8. f. 480. 

' Throwgood must delyver for 6 yeres space every yere a brawne.' 


310. 12 Mar. 6 Eliz. Lease to Eustas Bouthe of Brocklesby 
Line, gent., of tenements and lands in Howlbeache, Whaploode, 
Gedneye, for 20 years from Mich. 1571, at a rent of 20 marks, flf. 
481—483 a. 

5 The tenant to 'fynd honeste and competent mannes meate and 

horse meate for the M"^ of the colledge or anye of the fellowes com- 
minge to view and survaye their lands or aboute anye other necessarye 

311. 20 Mar. 6 Eliz. Lease to Wm. Huntlay college mancyple, 
lo of Jakes manor Cottenham, for 40 years from Mich. 1572, at a rent 

of 535. 4d. ff. 483. 484. 

312. 12 Mar. 6 EUz. Lease to Tho. Rampton of Hilton Hunts, 
gent., of lands in Much Paxton, for 20 years from Mich. 1569, at a 
rent of 3 15. f. 485. 

15 313. 26 Mar. 6 EHz. Lease to Wm. Baronsdale of Cambridge 
gent., of Northstocke parsonage, for 20 years from Ladyday 1569 (or 
from the end of a lease to Jo. Pindar, 16 Mar. 6 Mary, aHenated by 
consent to Hen. Stoner), at a rent of ^16. ff. 486. 487. 


314 (see 286). 7 June 6 Ehz. Lease to Edw. Sowgate of Dud- 

dington Kent yeoman, of Elverland manor with the Sarasines head 

and other tenements at Ospringe, for 20 years from Mich. 1571, at a 

rent of ^10. 6s. 8d. ff. 488. 489 a. 

25 'This Lease disburdeneth the colledge of xljs vd by the yere for 

quittrents paid out of the sayd manor to y^ quene.' 

315. Same date. . Lease to Rob. Rusted of Ash well husbandman, 
of a tenement and lands there, for 20 years, at a rent of £3. 155. 
ff. 489 b. 490 a. 

30 316 (see 276). 11 July 6 Eliz. Lease to Reinolde Moone gent, of 
Rawreth Ess. and Marg. his wife, of the moiety of the manor there, 
for 40 years from Mich. 1567, at a rent of .£13. 12*. ff. 490 b. 491. 

'Mr Curtes had a lease granted herof afore for .20. yeres, the vi'^ 
he had license to alienate to Mr Mone, and y® sayd Mr Mone by great 
or' Bute dyd obtayne to have these .20. yeres and other .20. in his owne 

name for y' be should presently bestowe c"' etc' 'M''. that this lease 
was surrendered up to the colledge and also cancelled, and the like 
taken in Edmund Norreys name as hereafter appeareth in the register ; 
it beareth date .4. Junij, vndecimo reginae Elizabethae, 15^9'. 

40 317. 6 Sept. 6 Eliz. Lease to Geo. Straunsam [or Stransham] of 
Feversham bruer, of Ospringe parsonage, for 10 years from Mich. 
1569, at a rent of ^33. 16^. 8d. ff. 492. 493. 

'This lease was granted vnto Robert Fowle afore, who after dyd 
obtayne an alyenation thereof to Mr Transham [sic], who hath it in his 
aK owne name'. Cf. n. ayi. 


318. Same date. Lease to Jo. Coldwell M.D. of Feversham, 
of rooms reserved for the chantry priest at Ospringe with the garden 
in Ospringe Street belonging thereto, and of other lands there, for 
20 years from Mich. 1,572 (or from the end of a lease to Edw. Sow- 
gate, dated 20 Aug. 6 Edw. 6), at a rent of £3. ff. 494. 495 a. 5 

319. Same date. Lease to Jo. Redman of Cambr. gent, [the 
bedell], of part of the holts in Trumpington fields, for 20 years, at a 
rent of 13s. id. ff. 495 b. 496 a. 

320. Same date. Lease to Hen. Beaumounte of Cambridge 
harbour, of the other part of the Trumpington holts, for 20 years, at lo 
a rent of 10^. ffi 496 b. 497 a. 

321. Same date. Lease to Tho. Hutton of Cambridge goldsmith, 
of a garden plot in the 'Round parish' 184 ft. x 20 ft., abutting on the 
church to the W., on the king's ditch to the E., between ground of 

S. John's to the N., and of Benedicte coll. to the S., for 20 years 1 5 
from Mich. 1570 (or at the end of a lease to Rog. Slegge, 10 Jan. 
4 Edw. 6), at a rent of 3s. id. ff. 497 b. 49& a. 

322. Same date. Lease to Austine Collis of Melburne husband- 
man, of a farm there, for 20 years, at a rent of 53*'. id. ff. 498 b. 499. 

323. Same date. Lease to Wm. Payne of Cambridge cook 20 
(on his resigning a lease unexpired by 6 years), of a tenement in 
Newnham, and lands in Newnham, Cambridge and Granchester, 
and of the stone house in the Round parish on the corner of 

S. John's lane on the n. side, for 30 years, at a rent of 305. 9d. and 
2qu, of wheat at 6s. 8(^. ff. 499 b— 501 a. 25 

324. 25 Nov. 7 Eliz. Receipt for £4: from Wm. Laurence of 
Hertingforthburie ; with notes of the same 8, 9, 10 Eliz. f. 501 a. 

325. Nonis Nov. 1564. Latin letter to Sir "Wm. Cecill. f. 501b. 
Snagg is again invading their possessions, in spite of legal decisions 

in their favour. He has sent men by night to cut down and carry off 30 
40 of their trees. The bearer will give him further information. 

326. [Probably same date]. Latin letter to the earl [of Lei- 
cester], f. 502 a. 

Thanks for his care of the interests of the university. Snagg's in- 
vasion of their woods was in defiance of a legal decision at Bedford 35 
four years before. Pray for help. Cf. f. 64. 

327. 13 Cal. Febr. [156f]. Latin letter to Ant. Browne justice 
of the com. pleas, f. 502 b. 

Thanks for his support of their cause; already at Bedford be had 
checked Snagg, now they hope he will deliver them finally from his 40 

328. 15 Cal. Febr. [156|]. Latin letter to Sir W. Cecil. 503 a. 
Hope that an example may be made of Snagg. vphs dVacra SeiXbv 

6 irefTis. 


329. 13 Cal. Febr. [1564]. Latin letter to Rob. Catlin. ch. just, 
f. 503 b. 

Snagg's insolence forces them to be 'bene et gnauiter impudentes '. 
His wealth devours their indigence. Sir Robert aided them at Bed- 
5 ford and before 'the most noble senate of this realm.' Hope that he 

will continue his favours. 

330 a. 25 Mar. 7 Eliz. Lease to Jo. Stransham of Sittingeborne 
gent, and Tho. S. of Clem. Inn gent., of Douncorte manor, for 41 
years, at a rent of ^13. 6s. 8cl ff. 504. 505. 

lo 330 b. Same date. Letter of attorney to Geo. Stransham and 
Rob. Sawyer to exchange indentures with the tenants above named, 
and to give them possession, f. 506. 

331. 22 Sept. 1564. The college and Wm. Callowe of Holbyche 
gent, having held 'insimul et pro indiviso' the manor there, to avoid 

15 further contention they agree to a partition, ff. 507 — 510 a. 

332. 16 July 7 Eliz. Appointment (Lat.) of Geo. Bolton of the 
Inner Temple as receiver for Kent and Northstoke and Aldesworth, 
at a stipend of 40s. with the right of hunting, fowling and fishing, 
f. 510 b. 

20 333. 1 Sept. 1565. Presentation (Lat.) of Jo. Twydall B.D. to 
Thorington rectory, vacant by the resignation of Rd. Alwej. f. 511 a. 

334. Same date. Lease to Rob. Sherington elk. curate of Sun- 
ninghill, of 9 acres ('Prieste's more' and 'Priste's ground') with the 
* Priste's house' there, for 20 years, at a rent of 5s., and other 5s. for 

25 the curate, f. 511. 

'M*. that be not leased but to the vicar.' 

335. 8 Oct. 7 Eliz. Bond of J200 to Tho. Snagge of Lechworth 
Herts, to abide by the award of Sir Wm. Cecill, respecting the title 
to 16 acres of arable land in Shitlington Beds. f. 512 a. 

30 336. 7 N'ov. 7 Eliz. Lease to Rog. Askam of London gent., 
queen's Latin seer., of Brumhalle manor, for 40 years from Mich. 
1574, at a rent of £7. 6s. 8d. f. 512 b— 514. 

337. Same date. Lease to Wm. Clarke of Little Paxton Hunts 
husbandman, of the manor there, for 20 years from Mich. 1568, at a 

35 rent of £5. 15s. 8d. ff. 514 b. 515 a. 

'This man must paye yerelie, over and besides his rent, a bore or 
20s. to the College.' 

338. 20 Nov. 8 Eliz. Lease to Ales Browne, late wife of An- 
drewes, and to her sons Mark, Edm. and Edw. Andrewes of Ashwell, 

40 of Kirkbies manor there, for 21 years, at a rent of £6. ff. 515 b. 
516 a. 

339. 24 Oct. 1565, 7 Eliz. Lease to Hen. Hodson of Cambridge, 
of the farm in S. Giles' and S. Pet. parishes, with land in the fields 


of Cambridge, Cotton and JSTewiiham, for 26 years, at a rent of 
^6. 6s. 8d. and 5 qrs. of wheat the first year, and afterwards £4. 
and 12 qrs. flf. 516 b. 517 a. 

340. 5 Sept. 8 Bliz. Full acquittance (Lat.) to Leon. Pilkyng- 
ton, late master. £ 517 b. 5 

341. 7 June 8 Eliz. Licence to Tho. Barnes tenant of the 
'graunge' farm Cambridge to alienate one close to Hen. Hodson 
brewer for 19 years, f. 517 b. 

342. 2 Mar. 9 Eliz. Lease to Tho. Pares of Chesterton yeoman, 

of land there, for 20 years from Mich. 1569, at a rent of 45*. f 518. lo 

343. Same date. Lease to Ri. Smith of "Weston Colvile hus- 
bandman, of the farm called Brounes there, for 20 years from Mich. 
1574, at a rent of 40s. flf. 518 b. 519. 

344. Same date. Lease to Nic. Ockland of Cambridge shoe- 
maker, of two houses in Trin. parish, together 104 ft. x 30 ft. over 15 
against Trin. church on the N. side, now in the tenure of the said 
Nic. and father Caverlaie, for 20 years, at a rent of 265. 8d. with 2s. 

to the churchwardens, flf. 519 b. 520 a, 

345. Same date. Lease to Tho. Watton of Willingham yeoman, 

of a meadow and holt there, for 20 years from Mich. 1568, at a rent 20 
of es. 8d. flf. 520 b. 521 a. 

346. 13 May 9 Eliz. Presentation (Lat.) of Wm. Hayt B.A. 
fellow to Higham vicarage vacant by the departure of the last 
incumbent, f. 521 a. 

347. 13 Aug. 9 Eliz. Lease to Jo. Beacon Cambs. gent., of lands 25 
in Molton and Whapploade Line, for 20 years from Mich. 1581, at a 
rent of £9. flf. 521 b. 522 a. 

348. 4 Oct. 1567. Licence to "Wm. Barrnsdall of Cambridge to 
alienate the lease of Northstock parsonage to Hen. Stoner gent, of 
Northstock, for the term of the lease dated 26 Mar. 6 Eliz. f. 522 b. 30 

349. 14 Febr. 156|-. Licence to Fras. Pilkington of Rovington 
Lane, to alienate the lease of Millington manor for the term of the 
lease dated 27 Aug. 2 Eliz. f. 523 a. 

350. 4 June 11 Eliz. Lease to Edm. Norreys of Berks, gent., of 
the moiety of Rawreth manor, for 40 years, at a rent of £1S. 12s. 35 
flf. 523 b. 524. 

351. 16 Mar. 10 Eliz. Lease to Jas. Grundy of Norwych, of 
Hilton manor, for 21 years from Mich. 1580, at a rent of £1. flf. 
525. 526 a. 

'This lease is graunted one yeai' above statute.' aq 

352. 9 Apr. 10 EHz. Lease to Jo. Stransham of Eastchurche 
gent, and Tho. S. of Clem. Inn gent., of Triamston or Traunston or 
Trianston manor, for 21 years from Mich. 1583, at a rent of £7. Ad. 
flf. 526 b. 527. 

'This is one year more then statute wyll permitt.' 415 


III. The Thin Black Book in St John's Treasury. 

A large folio paper volume of one leaf, pp. 1* — 30*, and 445 pages, 

with a few references on fly leaves at beginning and end. 'The 

Black Booke. Called in some References The Thynne Black Book or 

5 Liber Magistri.' Note inside cover at 'beginning in hand o/18 cent. 

Label. ' The Thin Black Book. 13° Bliz.— 34 Bliz.' 

1. Prid. non. Mart. 157^. Latin letter, written by Jo. Beacon, 
to Dr Humfrey pres. Magd. Ox. f. 1*. 

Thanks for his support in their poverty. 

i-o 2. Fragments of letters (about Bromhall etc.). 

Two p. I* and j** to the earl of Leicester, the second written by 
Beacon in 1571; a third f. 1**, also written by Beacon, to Sir Nic. 
Bacon Id keeper. The greater part of this leaf was torn away before 
the Register of Letters was compiled. 

15 3. 5 cal. Apr. 1572. Latin letter, written by Jo. Beacon, to Id. 
Burghley. f. 1**. 

Thanks for his favour in procuring Sir Arabr. Cave's donation, and 
in excusing the fee for the privy seal. See above, p. 174 1. 36 and 
App. B. to 5«' Educ. Rep. (1818), pp. 485, 486. 

20 4 (see 82). 14 cal. Apr. Latin letter to the earl of Leicester. 
p. 2*. 

Becon, who owes to his lordship his late promotion, has taken some 
steps to better the state of the scholars. Entreat his lordship to urge 
both Becon and the bp. of Norwich to persevere in the business. 
21- Becon became canon of Norwich \i Jan. 157-I and chancellor of 

Norwich in 1575. Ath. Cant. n. 17. 

5. Same date. Latin letter to lord Burghley. p. 2**. 
Thanks for his interposing to prevent the further intermission of 

the fellowship election. [No fellows were admitted in 1575 or 1576. 

OQ See above, p. 289]. They selected the best candidates, and all passed 

off quietly. Sorry that they could not more fully comply with his 
recommendation. Two 'quorum in iuuenili specie senilis prudentia 
enituit,' they have elected, to shew the value they put on his counsel. 
For the rest, they hope he will excuse them for obeying the statutes 

2^ and their consciences. 

6. 10 cal. Mai. Latin letter to the earl of Huntingdon, p. 3*. 
Have learnt from 'Mayrus noster', [Jo. Mayre, above p. 289, 1. 8] 

whom they strongly recommend, his lordship's zeal for their interests 
in respect of Sedberg: his power has baffled the wrath and influence 
,Q of their adversary. Favour, not justice, for the most pprt prevails. 

Attribute the prosperous issue of their cause to his lordship's good 

7 (see 82). Same date. Latin letter to the bp. of Norwich [Park- 
hurst], p. 4*. 


Becon, cLanc. of jSTorwich, has assured them of the bp's good will, 
and paid loo marks for their relief. Have requested Cecil and Lei- 
cester to thank his lordship for them. Beg him to complete what he 
has begun. 

8. 3 Non. Mar. 157f. Latin letter to dean Goodman of West- 5 
minster, p. 4**. 

Thanks for the foundation of scholarships. Urge him to thank the 
unknown benefactor [Lady Burghley, see App. B. to 5*'' Educ. Rep. 
p. 479]. 

9. Greek letter written by Andr. Downes. p. 4***. 10 
A letter of thanks to a lady [KparicrTT] AecTTroLva], who and her hus- 
band were benefactors. No doubt Mildred lady Burghley, one of the 
learned daughters of Sir Ant. Cooke. See above p. 174, 1. 32. 

10. 1 Febr. 158|. Latin letter to lord Burghley. p. 5*. 

Ask for a licence in mortmain. The master, whom they owe to his 15 
lordship [above p. 173, 1. 7] and whose services in establishing peace 
and promoting learning and the college interests they commend, will 
state their future petitions. 
Follow five blank pp. and an index pp. 11, and 9 blank pp. 

11. 21 Mar. 13 Eliz. Lease to Ri. Goston of Tuxforthe yeoman, 20 
of a tenement and lands there, for 20 years from Mich. 1676, at a rent 

of 42^. pp. 1, 2. 

12. 16 Mar. 13 Eliz. Letter (Lat.) of attorney to Christ. Kirke- 
lande M.A. to enter upon the manor of Downecourte and the woods 
called le Blene, to recover arrears of rent, and to eject the tenants. 25 
pp. 2, 3. 

.13 (see 17). June 1571. Presentation (Lat.) to the bp. of Line, 
of Ste. Cardynall M.A. fellow, for institution into Northestoke vicar- 
age, vacant by the death of Jo. Thomson elk. p. 3. 

'This presentation shoidd haue beene made to the bushoppe of 30 
Canterburye, and so yt was afterward.' 'Verte 4 folia.' 

14. 4 July 13 Eliz. Lease to Wm. Drainner of Smarden Kent 
gent., of Hedcorne parsonage and lordship, for 10 years from Mich. 
1574, at a rent of .£10. pp. 3 — 5. 

15 (see 18). 1 July 13 EHz. Lease to Geo. Bolton of the Inner 35 
Temple, of tenements and land at Ospringe, Feversham and Lud- 
dingham, for 20 years from Mich. 1581, at a rent of £8. 3s. M. 
pp. 5-7. 

'M*. that this lease folio winge was voide and of no eifecte but an 
other thereof graunted as hereafter appeareth vnto the said Mr 40 

16. 6 July 13 Eliz. Lease to Tho. Bennett of Hackfeld Hants, 
yeoman, [on the surrender of the lease 7 Nov. 7 Eliz. to Rog. Askham, 
for 40 years from Mich. 1574, in consideration of charges to be in- 
curred in building, at a rent of £7. 6s. 8d.] of Brumhall manor, for 45 


the same term, at the same rent ; and of one barn and certain closes 
called Langhurste, for the same time, at a rent of 6s. Sd. pp. 7 — 11. 

17. 13 Sept. 1571, 13 Eliz. Presentation to abp. Parker as in 
n. 13. p. 11. 

5 18. 4 Nov. 13 Eliz. Same as 15, with certain additional land, 
to begin at once, at a rent of £10. id. pp. 12, 13. 

19. 18 Mar. 14 Eliz. Lease to Sir Rob. Chester of Royston, of a 
tenement with land and fishponds in Barrowey hamlet Soham, also 
of one load of fishing, and half the fishing of 2 ' weyors ' (called Marre 

lo and Twyssell) and of the fishing of the rivers belonging to the said 
' weyors,' lying between Stretham ' common water ' to the E., and the 
bp. of Ely's ' Estey weyor ' to the W., for 20 years, at a rent of 
53s. 4d., and one good pike of 22 in. ' frome the Bie to the crotche of 
the tayle ' to be delivered in the college on Ashwednesday morning, 

15 the bearer receiving 12d. for his pains, pp. 13 — 15. 

20. Same date. Lease to Marm. Blande of Cambridge brewer 
[on the surrender of a lease for 31 years granted 21 Sept. 4 & 5 Ph, 
& M. to Tho. Barnes], of the graunge or St John's barns, for 18 years, 
at a rent of 48s. 2d. and 20 qvs. of wheat (or 6s. 8d. a quarter instead). 

20 pp. 16—18. 

21. Same date. Lease to Wm. Hynson jun. of Fordham yeoman 
[on the surrender of a lease for 20 years granted to Ra. Leaver then 

• fellow 13 Oct. 4 Eliz.], of Bassingburne manor Fordham, for 20 years, 
at a i-ent of £18. pp. 18—20. 

25 22. Same date. Lease to Tho. Belialde of Little Marcham yeo- 
man, of a manor and land there and in Tuxford, for 20 years, at a 
rent of £8. Us. 4d. pp. 20—24. 

23. 8 Jan. 14 Eliz. Sale to Wm Purkeyse of Little Dunmowe 
yeoman, college tenant at Great Bradley, of wood on the farm there, 
30 to be taken within 4 years, on payment of 40 marks, pp. 23, 24, 

What followed has been concealed by a blank piece of paper. 
'Hervnder...y^ more part of the seniors sealed a lease [an erasure] for 
Mr [erased]. But without my consente, therefore I have pasted yt 
over. Nicholas Sheppard.' 

35 24 (see 36). 14 Eliz. An imperfect lease of Horningsey parson- 
age, pp 24—27. 

'M"* that this lease was cancelled and an other thereof afterwards 

graunted and sealed to Mr Blythe, as appeareth hereafter in this 


40 25 (see 27). 11 Sept. 1572, 14 Eliz. Receipt for £90 to Jo. 

Thurlestone elk. M.A. master of the hospital and free grammar school 

of Hymsworthe Yorksh., for the maintenance of a scholar, according 

to indentures dated 20 Aug. 1572. pp. 27, 28. 

'Mdiun. that this some was taken in hope that he would make the 


college heyre of his lands and goodea.' [Later, 'this some whas to 
much except']. See Ath. Cant. i. 311. Afp. B. to 5'* Educ. Rep. 
(1818), p. 479. 

26. 8 Sept. 14 Bliz. Lease to Jo. Culpepper of Wigsell Suss, esq., 
of Hedcorne parsonage and lordship, for 10 years from Mich. 1574, at 5 
a rent of £10. pp. 28—30. 

27 (see 25). 20 Aug. 14 Eliz. Foundation of Thurl«stone's scho- 
larship, pp. 30 — 33. 

Covenant to 'fynde and kepe as of the Fundacion of the said John 
Thurleston ■within the said colledge for ever, for the increase of learned 10 
men, to the settinge furthe of Gods glory in Christe Jesu, and that 
knowledge maie increase to the decaie of ignorance for the benefytt of 
this realme, one schoUer and disciple in the said colledge to contynue 

for ever, [such scholar to] haue yearlie for ever meat and drynke 

of the said Colledge suche and in suche sorte as other scholers of the 1 5 
said Colledge after their degree nowe haue or hereafter shall haue with 
all other commodities and profficts in the said College nowe vsed and 
hereafter to he vsed or hadd by any other Scholer [from Sedberg 

school: also to have his chamber in his seniority] his readinge in 

the Hall, launder and harbour as other scholers haue, and to be dis- 20 
charged of all Cookes wages and all other charges annually belonginge 
to the said colledge at the coste and charges of [the college : Thurleston 
to have the appointment and removal for his life; then Paul and Jo. 
Graunte, Jo. Crosland alias Crosley, Fras. Browne, Jo. Dune and Jo. 
Preston, or any of them who may be alive and present at the election ; 25 
otherwise the college shall elect a native of Wakefield, Felkirke or 
Hymsworthe, with preference to boys who have been 3 years at 
Hymsworthe school, and to Thurleston's kindred ; next preference to 
the neighbourhood of the three parishes, after that to Yorkshire ; the 
election to take place at the general election next following a vacancy ; 30 
the college at all times to seal any composition devised by Thurleston 
or his heirs for strengthening the foundation ; if at any time Thurles- 
ton should fall into poverty, blindness, lameness or other incapacity 
of getting his living, then the foundation to be suspended, and he 
to receive 12*. a week during the continuance of such poverty etc. 35 
* The scholar to be always duly qualified, and bound to obedience.] 

28. 11 Nov. 14 Bliz. Receipt to Wm. Lawrence of Hartingfurth- 
bury for £4. p. 33. 

29. 8 Nov. 1572, 14 Bliz. Letter (Lat.) of attorney to Tho. 
Smythe M.A., Christ. Kirkelande M.A., Jas. Taylor M.A., fellows, to 40 
enter all the college estates, to distrain for arrears and to determine 
fines etc. p. 34. 

30. 1 Dec. 15 Eliz. Lease to Edm. Adams of Thirplowe husband- 
man, of the manor there, ('the haule place with all the chambers and