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Full text of "The Cycle age and trade review"

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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 



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aOTBBHliKNT PBDiTIKO OFHOl 



The CfCLE Age 

And trade beview 



Vol. XXV— No. J 



CHICAGO, MAY 3. 1900 



New Series No. 128 



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Subsidy seekers claim that "Trade follows the flag.* ' 
Merchants know that trade follows the price. 



THAT'S WHY= 



TRADE HAS FOLLOWED THE 



IVER 



JOHNSON 



THIS YEAR AS NEVER BEFORE 





Medium Grade 

$25 


These are the prices that have 
"done the business" and are 
doing it for the IVER JOHNSON 


High Grade 

$35 


agents all over the country ..^'j' 
Never was better quality put 


Racer 

$45 


into any line of bicycles— any- 
where, at any time.*?' j^ J> .^ 


Cushion Frame 

Bicycles 

$50 




Chainless Models 
$60 



YOU CANO* PAY MORE 
AND GET YOUR MONEY'S 



WORTH.jt Jk Jk Jk J. ji 



YOU CANT PAY LESS AND 
GET SATISFACTION.,^ J^ J^ 



BRANCHES: New York 
Boston 
Worcester 



SEND FOR CATALOGUE 



IVER JOHNSON'S ARMS & CYCLE WORKS 

HTCHBURG, MASS. 




















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■vas 



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74«^fi 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 




-BY USING- 



THE BRECKENRIDGE 



A PERFECT GAS LAMP 

The Brightest of Them All! 



Do you want to handle an easy seller, Mr. Dealer? 
Do you want to make a living profit? 
If so this is the lamp. 

Sold by All Jobbers. Write for Catalog. 



Manufaeiurad 



Z-^ THE E. P. BRECKENRIDGE CO., Toledo, Ohio 




(f \i*.C,i;'* -'i:^'~«*«*»-:*» 




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Vol. XXV— No. 1. 



OHIOAGO, MAY 3, 1900. 



New Series No. 128. 



ANTIPATHY HAS AN EFFECT 



Branch Stores Drop A. B. C. Name From 

Advertising— 300 Trust Machines 

Sold at Half Price. 



Buffalo, April 30.— It is evident from 
the changed methods of advertising re- 
cently adopted by its local branch stores, 
that the A. B. C. has begun to feel the 
effect of the antipathy entertained by the 
labor organizations toward trust made 
goods. Until recehtly all of the advertis- 
ing that has been done by the Buffalo 
retail stores of the trust had appended 
prominently the name of the big com- 
pany, but within the past fortnight th.e 
name of the American Bicycle Co. has 
been conspicuous by its absence, while 
the original names are more prominently 
displayed than before. This is looked up- 
on by the trade as a belated effort to con- 
ceal the fact that the stores are identified 
with the combine and thereby capture 
some of the labor trade. 

Meat for the Independeuts. 

The dealers on the east side of the 
city — a section principally tenanted by 
the laboring classes — are making much 
capital out of the "Not Made by a Trust" 
slogan, while the small makers, of whom 
there are many, are using the union label 
and advertising the fact energetically. 

There is one make of bicycle, however, 
which, despite the fact that it is univer- 
sally known as a trust made machine, is 
having a heavy sale among the laboring 
classes — and, in fact, all classes of rid- 
ers — and its conspicuously colored name- 
plate is seen in large numbers in all parts 
of the city. This is the Niagara, made in 
the plant of the Buffalo Cycle Mfg. Co., 
which was last week shut down perma- 
nently. 

Threatened to Eujoin the Sale. 

The representative in charge of the A. 
B. C. manufacturing interests of Buffalo 
was much exercised last week as a result 
of the advertised sale by a big depart- 
ment store of a lot of these machines, 
th9,t are sold regularly at $35, for $16.50. 
The stock was bought prior to the change 
in the administration of the Buffalo Cycle 
Mfg. Co.'s affairs and the new incumbent 
sought to have the sale stopped through 
threats of Injunction proceedings, but the 
proprietors of the store are said to have 
informed the gentleman in language 
more forcible than polite that they had 
bought and paid for the goods and that 
they purposed to sell them as best pleased 
their fancy. No proceedings were insti- 
tuted and the sale continued. The big 
store reports having sold 300 of the ma- 
chines within the week. 

The repair business wa^ never known 
to have been as heavy as it is at present. 
For two weeks or more every shop in the 
city has been so crowded with work that 
ordinary jobs are not being promised in- 
side of a week. These conditions are 
mainly due to the phenomenally heavy 
call for attaching the coaster-brake ap- 
pliances to old mounts, which class of 
work Is reported to be increasing rapidly 
as the weather grows warmer. 



A fair illustration was offered last 
week of the make-up of the stock that is 
being put out by the cut-price concerns 
and the treatment accorded patrons after 
their money passes into the hands of the 
proprietors. A customer bought one of 
the advertised bargains for $17.50, and 
paid cash. Upon reaching the street the 
tires were found to need inflating and 
the man returned to the store and asked 
the salesman with whom he had dealt to 
inflate them. This man, who a moment 
before had been the acme of courtesy, 
pointed to a pump and said: "There is 
a pump; pump them up yourself." The 
patron became indignant at this retort 
and demanded the return of his money. 
This, of course, was refused, but the 
salesman inflated the tires and the buyer 
departed in anything but a pleasant 
frame of mind. He had not proceeded 
far, however, before his already ruffled 
feelings were further injured by one of 
the tires rolling out of the rim. This was 
the proverbial straw, and when last seen 
the man was struggling into a downtown 
cycle store with his "bargain," where it 
was found later for sale. 



BLIND TO ACTUAL DANGER 



GAYLOR'S HANDLEBAR SUIT 



Claim Uiider Which Damages are Sotight 
From Willis— A. B. C. May be Interested. 



New York, April 30. — The suit brought 
by Leonard B. Gaylor of Erie, Pa., for 
an injunction, accounting and damages 
against Ernest J. Willis, of the Park 
Row Bicycle Co., of this city, for selling 
Kelly handle bars alleged to infringe 
Gaylor's expander patent, which was 
briefly referred to in the last issue of the 
Cycle Age, was brought under the fol- 
lowing claim in Gaylor's patent: 

"The combination in a bicycle of a 
handle bar stem provided with slots, a 
steering tube, a series of clamping jaws 
located within and supported by the stem 
but separate from it and which engage 
through said slots directly against the 
inner wall of the tube and an expanding 
device for the jaws for the purposes set 
forth." 

Gaylor was president of the Eagle Bi- 
cycle Co. in its early days and until the 
formation of the trust was vice-president 
of the Black Mfg. Co. It is said that the 
handle bars now made by the A. B. C. are 
manufactured under license from Gaylor. 
Thus it now becomes an interesting ques- 
tion whether the A. B. C, may not, 
through the Black Mfg. Co., be interested 
in some way in the ownership of the 
Gaylor patent. 

Philip Abbott is counsel for Gaylor 
and Potter & Miner for Willis, all the at- 
torneys being of this city. 



Conditions are improving in the Toledo 
bicycle industry and it is now reported 
that all the members of the different un- 
ions in the city are employed. At the 
regular meeting of the Grinders' & Strap- 
pers' union last week favorable reports 
from every shop in the city were re- 
ceived. 



Trust Organ, Busy With Unfounded Rumors, 

Likely to Suffer in Weeding- 

Out Process. 



The intentions of the proprietors of 
some of the cycling journals have lately 
furnished material for a great deal of 
gossip. An obliging eastern paper has 
said, among other foolish things, that ne- 
gotiations have been in progress between 
the Cycling Gazette and the Cycle Age 
for the purpose of effecting a combina- 
tion, one of the purposes of which was to 
remove the former to New York. 

The Cycle Age has had no negotiations, 
directly or indirectly, with the Cycling 
Gazette or any one representing it, for 
any purpose whatsoever. 

To Move From Boston to Now York. 

But the trust organ is threatened with 
competition from another direction. The 
proprietors of Bicycling World have long 
had under discussion a removal from 
Boston to New York. They have con- 
sulted gentlemen in the trade who have, 
almost to a man, expressed the opinion 
that such a change would be welcomed 
by the trade and beneflcial to the paper. 

Most of the leading men in the trade 
entertain the fixed opinion that a reason- 
able number of trade journals is neces- 
sary, but they believe that about two are 
all the trade should be called upon to 
support, and regard the proposed move of 
Bicycling World as one of the necessary 
steps in the weeding out of superfluous 
journals now existing. 

The Cycle Age is informed, and has 
good reason to believe that the report is 
authentic, that these and other consider- 
ations have led the proprietors of Bicy- 
cling World to decide to change their lo- 
cation and that preparations are already 
in progress, so that the indications are 
that the removal will not be long de- 
layed. 



RECEIVER FOR STOCKTON 



Veteran Inventor Believed to Have I<ost 
Heavily in Stockton Mfg. Co. 



New York, May 2. — (Special Telegram.) 
— Doctor Stockton to-day applied for a 
receiver for the Stockton Mfg. Co., but 
on account of the fact that the successor 
to the late Chancellor McGill has not 
yet qualified no action has been taken on 
the application. No details of the com- 
pany's condition are obtainable. 

The action of Dr. Stockton has been 
expected for several days. The business 
was organized about six years ago as 
the Warwick & Stockton Co., George 
Warwick, founder of the Warwick Cycle 
Co., being the active partner. After a 
year or two the two failed to agree and 
Warwick left the concern. It is sup- 
posed that the doctor, who is well ad- 
vanced in years, has lost heavily in the 
venture. Being personally a man of • 
charming character, his misfortune will 
be generally deplored by the trade. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



FOR DEALERS' ASSOCIATION 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-I,AWS ADOPT- 
ED IN MINNBAPOI^IS 



With Few Changes Can be Used by Other 

Organizations— Defines Ofiicers' 

Duties Clearly. 



Below are published in full the consti- 
tution and by-laws adopted by the Minne- 
apolis Cycle Trade Association on April 
3. It is expected they will greatly help 
the progressive dealers who have formed 
similar associations in other cities to 
draft constitutions and by-laws for the 
better government of their own organiza- 
tions. The need of such formality may 
not be fully apparent and the phraseol- 
ogy and explicitness may seem to the 
small repairman little versed in such mat- 
ters to be a trifle awesome, but the rules 
are easily understood and their adoption 
really simplifies the work of the associa- 
tion and gives the body greater stability 
and prestige. 

Makes Oflacers' Work Simple. 

The definition of the duties of each of- 
ficer systematizes the work so that each 
may go ahead with his duties without 
hesitating for the others and without fear 
of legal complications, while the adoption 
of a constitution which clearly defines 
the purposes of the association gives it 
a certain amount of weight in the public 
eye. As the true effect of such organiza- 
tions is to create harmonious feelings 
among the dealers and repairers, and 
thereby eliminate if possible all of the 
despicable tricks resorted to to gain trade 
at the expense and ruin of competitors, 
as well as the unnecessary price cut- 
ting that is acknowledged to be the 
greatest evil of the trade, the objects can 
be stated in the constitution in such 
manner as to win the support of the 
townspeople rather than their opposition 
on the supposition that the association 
is merely a combination for the purpose 
of increasing prices on repair work and 
sundries. 

Such minor changes as are required or 
made desirable by local conditions should 
be made in drafting constitutions and by- 
laws for other associations from these 
here printed: 

CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS 

OF THE 

MINNEAPOLIS CYCLE TRADE ASS'N. 



ARTICLE I. 

This organization shall be known as the 
Minneapolis Cycle Trade Association, and 
its object is to establish and maintain uni- 
form prices on bicycle parts and bicycle re- 
pair work in this city, and to promote the 
interests of the bicycle industry in a gen- 
eral manner. 

ARTICLE IL 

Any male person, or number of persons, 
21 years of age, or over, engaged in the 
making, repairing, or storing of bicycles or 
dealing in bicycles or parts thereof, and 
occupying a room equipped expressly for 
the purpose referred to, and not engaged 
in any other business, may become a mem- 
ber; or in case he or they are engaged in 
some other business or occupation, he or 
they must have an employe regularly en- 
gaged in the bicycle department heretofore 
referred to; otherwise he or they shall not 
be eligible to membership in this Associa- 
tion. 

ARTICLE III. 

The officers of this Association shall con- 
sist of a President, a Vice-president, a 
Secretary and a Treasurer. Their duties 
shall be as is hereinafter specified in our 
by-laws, and they shall be elected at the 
first meeting in January each succeeding 
year. 

ARTICLE IV. 

This Association shall meet on the first 
and third Tuesday of each succeeding 



month, to act on any matter of interest 
to its welfare, and as often thereafter as 
a majority present may elect. 

ARTICLE V. 

To change, alter or amend this Consti- 
tution, or the following By-Laws, will re- 
quire notice in writing to be read In open 
meeting at least one meeting prior to vot- 
ing on the proposition, and a two-thirds 
vote of members present will be necessary 
to carry the motion and make such altera- 
tion, change or amendment. 

BY-LAWS. 

Section 1. It shall be the duty of the 
President to preside at all meetings of this 
Association and supervise its business in- 
terests in a general manner, and as may be 
hereinafter specified. 

Section 2. It shall be the duty of the Vice- 
President to preside at any meeting of this 
Association in the absence of the Presi- 
dent and to assist in the management of 
any business pertaining to the Association 
as may be hereinafter specified. 

The Secretary's Duties. 

Section 3. It shall be the duty of the Sec- 
retary to keep accurate minutes of alt the 
proceedings in all regular and special meet- 
ings of this Association. 

He shall read all bills, communications, 
and papers presented at such meetings ex- 
cepting reports of committees. 

He shall receive all moneys paid this Asso- 
ciation, and deliver to the proper parties 
a receipt for any moneys he may receive 
from them, and he shall retain stubs of the 
same, which shall be submitted to an audit- 
ing committee quarterly and be kept as a 
part of the records of this Association. 

On the day of the first meeting of each 
month he shall deliver to the Treiieurer oi 
this Association all moneys, or the equiv- 
alent thereof, received by him, and shall 
take a receipt from the Treasurer therefor. 
He shall issue and sign all vouchers drawn 
on the Treasurer and retain stubs of the 
same, and keep a correct record of all trans- 
actions between himself and the Treasurer. 
He shall prepare a statement of all mon- 
eys received by him, the source thereof, the 
receipts and expenditures of this Associa- 
tion, and read the same at the first quar- 
terly meeting thereafter. 

He shall, as soon as he has knowledge 
that any member has been suspended, cross 
out his name from our mailing list, and 
serve notice of such act to all dealers of 
bicycle parts and enamelers in this city, 
and St. Paul, Minnesota, who have a list 
of our members in good standing. 

He shall fill out blank statements on or 
before the first day of each month, and shall 
mail them to delinquent members. Each 
statement shall specify the amount due 
this Association by the party it is ad- 
dressed to. 

He shall mail a written or printed notice 
of the meetings of this Association to each 
and every member thereof, at least thirty- 
six hours before the meeting Is to be held. 
He shall be the custodian of all the rec- 
ords and other property of this Associa- 
tion excepting the records and moneys held 
by the Treasurer, and on demand shall is- 
sue to its members a copy of all price lists 
adopted by this Association, or any printed 
matter created for individual members dur- 
ing the year of his incumbency. 

He shall each year, between the first day 
of March and the last day of October, av 
the expense of this Association, and at Slicri 
time as he may select, call at the place of 
business of each member of this Associa- 
tion, to see that they have this Associa- 
tion's repair price list conspicuously dis- 
played and to gather any information that 
may be of interest and report the same at 
the following meeting of this Association. 

He shall not issue any order on the Treas- 
urer without having it countersigned by the 
President or Vice-President, as is herein- 
after provided. 

Office of Treasurer. 

Section 4. The Treasurer shall be the cus- 
todian of all the funds and moneys of this 
Association and shall receive tne same from 
the Secretary as is heretofore specified, and 
give him a receipt therefor. 

He shall designate some bank accepta- 
ble to and approved by the other officers of 
this Association, as a depository in which 
all the moneys of this Association shall be 
kept on deposit, upon such terms in regard 
to the interest to be paid thereon as the 
other officers may approve. 



Within twenty-four hours of the receipt 
of any moneys or funds belonging to this 
Association, the Treasurer shall deposit the 
same in the bank designated by him as 
hereinbefore provided, and he shall forth- 
with forward to the Secretary a certified 
duplicate deposit slip, and thereafter such 
moneys shall not be withdrawn therefrom 
save in the manner hereinafter provided. 

Section 5. All bills or claims of any char- 
acter against this Association shall be 
passed upon by an auditing board to con- 
sist of the President, Vice-President, and 
Secretary of this Association. It shall be 
the duty of this board to examine carefully 
all bills and determine whether they are 
rendered in accordance with contract and 
the rules, regulations and votes of the As- 
sociation. A majority of this board shall 
be competent to take action on any claims. 

Section 6. When any claim shall have 
been fully passed upon by the aforesaid 
auditing board and shall be ready for set- 
tlement, the Secretary shall draw an order 
on the Treasurer of this Association for 
the amount of the claim as approved by the 
auditing board, and when this order shall 
have been signed by the Secretary and 
countersigned by the President, it shall be 
paid by the Treasurer upon presentation 
and he shall require the parties receiving 
the funds to sign a receipt on the face of 
the said order. 

Maintaining Schedule of Prices. 

Section 7. A printed schedule of repair 
work prices shall be conspicuously displayed 
in each member's shop. 

Section 8. It shall be the duty of each and 
every member of this Association to act as 
follows, providing he believes any other 
member is price cutting: He shall secure 
the services of a non-member and direct 
him to leave a repair job with the member 
suspected, providing he agree to do it for 
less than the price quoted in this Asso- 
ciation price list, for the season of 1900. 

When the job is finished, the party who 
ordered the work done shall pay for it and 
take an itemized receipt for the amount 
paid and deliver it to the member who em- 
ployed him; said member shall deliver such 
receipt with his name signed on the hack 
thereof, to the Secretary of this Associa- 
tion. 

Section 9. It will be the duty of the Sec- 
retary to read the above described receipt 
at the next regular meeting of this Asso- 
ciation, and the member furnishing the evi- 
dence must be present and answer such 
questions as the Investigating committee 
may ask pertaining to the charge made. 

In case the Association is satisfied that the 
charges are true, it shall be the duty of the 
members present to impose a fine not to ex- 
ceed twice the value of the job as listed 
in our price list and the offending member, 
whoever he may be, hereby agrees to pay 
such fine or stand suspended from all privi- 
leges of this Association. 

It shall be the duty of the investigating 
committee to learn what the evidence ac- 
tually cost the complaining witness, and 
O. K. a bill for the amount, payable to the 
party furnishing the evidence; said bill shall 
come before the next meeting and be acted 
upon in the regular order of business. 

Section 10. On and after the first day of 
April, 1900, an initiation fee of Ten ($10.00) 
Dollars shall be charged all applicants for 
membership, who have not deposited with 
the Secretary prior to that daxe. 

Section 11. All members of this Associa- 
tion shall be liable to the said Association 
for dues at 50 cents per month until such 
time as they shall address the Secretary 
a written notification of their withdrawal 
from this Association. 

Section 12. Any member who is a debtor 
for three months' dues shall not be eligible 
to vote on any question brought before the 
meeting, and may be suspended by a two- 
thirds vote of the members present at any 
regular meeting of this Association. 

Any member so suspended may come be- 
fore the next regular meeting and be rein- 
stated, provided he secures a two-thirds 
vote of the members present in his favor. 

Section 13. Each member, when ordering 
bicycle goods delivered to a non-member, 
shall use the order book furnished at the 
expense of this Association and sign such 
order with the rubber stamp which this or- 
ganization will furnish to each member. at 

CO-!t. 

Section 14. Seven members shall consti- 
tute a quorum, and this Constitution and 
By-laws shall take effect and be in force 
from and after their adoption. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



AUSTRALIAN TRADE ACTIVE 



i,:bading agents introducing free 
wheei/s and chaini/ess cycles 



Harrison Rotherham on His Way to Repre- 
sent Stearns & Co.— Bennett & Wood 
Appointing: Sub-Agencies. 



Sydney, N. S. W., March 26.— When 
Harrison Rotherham arrives in Austraha 
there will be two representatives of the 
American Bicycle Co. out here — Goddard, 
representing H. A. Lozier & Co., and H. 
Rotherham, representing B. C. Stearns & 
Co. It is becoming the fashion now for 
the big manufacturing companies to be 
represented in Australia. Those at pres- 
ent represented are the Rover Cycle Co. 
(England), by R. Morton; Rudge-Whit- 
worth (England), by W. S. Knowles; 
H. A. Lozier & Co., by Mr. Goddard, and 
E. C. Stearns & Co., by H. Rotherham, 
who is now on his way out here. If any 
other American firms contemplate having 
a special representative in Australia the 
writer can thoroughly recommend 
Thomas D. Scott, who is at present in 
Sydney. Mr. Scott a few years ago was 
the possessor of the most flourishing cy- 
cle business in Melbourne, trading under 
the name of Scott & Morton, and sold 
thousands of Raleighs. This business is 
now owned by C. B. Kellow, Scott's late 
■partner R. Morton, being the Rover Cy- 
cle Co.'s special Australasian represen- 
tative. Letters in care of the Cycle Age 
addresssed to T. D. Scott will reach him. 

Preparing for Free Wheel Boom. 

Bennett & Wood, Ltd., have just land- 
ed a large shipment of English free 
wheels. The free wheel is very slow in 
catching on in New South Wales and one 
ia hardly ever met with in a day's ride. 
Most of the New South Wales dealers 
are preparing for a coming boom in free 
wheels by laying in large stocks. 

Bennett & Wood are establishing 
agencies in all the Sydney suburbs. The 
other local dealers must be aware of this 
fact, yet they are looking on indifferently 
instead of endeavoring to establish agen- 
cies in opposition. The placing of these 
agencies must mean an increase of busi- 
ness. The agent is simply paid a com- 
mission and Bennett & Wood are under 
absolutely no expense whatever in con- 
nection with them, the agent selling the 
machines and being paid his commission, 
whatever it is. 

Early Closing I,aw Hurts Trade. 

A bill was recently passed in the New 
South Wales assembly called "The Early 
Closing Bill." Under this new law all 
shopkeepers are compelled to close at 



6 p. m. Failure to comply with the terms 
of the law means a heavy fine. This is 
playing havoc with the trade of the small 
suburban cycle dealers. James Trahair, 
who has a comfortable business in a su- 
burb called Newtown, informed the writer 
a day or so ago that the passage of the 
early closing bill had caused his turnover 
to fall off to the extent of exactly one- 
third. These suburban agencies could do 
business at night prior to its passage, but 
now that they are closed at night it forces 
a lot of the trade into the city and the 
big agencies reap the benefit. 

Secures Agency for Pierce Cycles. 

Hebblewhite & Co., of George street, 
Sydney, have just secured the agency for 
New South Wales of the Pierce bicycles. 
This firm now holds the agency for the 
colony of three American makes — the 
Victor, Beebe and Pierce. It does not de- 
pend solely on bicycles tor a livelihood, 
but also handles sewing machines and 
hardware goods. 

The Davies-Franklin Cycle Co. of Vic- 
toria has recently landed a large ship- 
ment of the very latest American sun- 
dries, including Baldwin chains, mud 
guards, toe clips, etc., which it is now 
supplying the trade at exceptionally low 
prices. 

A. Martin, a Melbourne cycle agent, is 
now in New Zealand, where he contem- 
plates opening new agencies. 

Moses, Moss & Co., of Sydney, have just 
landed a small shipment of Columbia 
chainless bicycles. There is still very 
little demand in this colony for chainless 
machines. 

There is very little local building in 
New South Wales. This seems strange 
when one considers that the assemblers 
in our sister colony, Melbourne, control 
the situation there. 

Trying to Boom Rim Brakes. 

Bennett & Wood and the Austral Cycle 
Agency of Sydney are making prepara- 
tions for a boom in rim brakes. Machines 
are now to be noticed about the Sydney 
streets fitted with brakes of this pat- 
tern, only one make of which has so far 
appeared on the Sydney market; that is 
the Bowden rim brake of English man- 
ufacture. 

Mr. E. W. Rudd and his family left Mel- 
bourne on March 1 for England and the 
continent. Mr. Rudd has long been con- 
nected with the cycle trade in Victoria. 
He was last heard of as the manager of 
the Australian Motor & Cycle Co., which 
he opened here after his last English 
visit. This company lost money from 
the start and is now non est. It is said 
that Mr. Rudd's trip is for the object of 
securing Australasian agencies for motor 
cars, etc. 



VALUE OF TACT IN SELLING 



EXPORT OF BICYCLES AND PARTS. 



1899 

United Kingdom ..■ $176,654 

France 86,231 

Germany ! 156,452 

Other Europe 181,011 

British North America 96,389 

Central American States and British 

Honduras 680 

Mexico .! 3,337 

Santo Domingo 5 

Cuba 3,761 

Porto Rico 70 

Other West Indies and Bermudas 7,780 

Argentina 32,279 

Brazil 2,193 

Colombia 757 

Other South America 3,351 

China 1,258 

East Indies: British 9,112 

Hongkong 1,406 

Japan 4,166 

British Australasia 19,658 

Hawaiian Islands 3,666 

Philippine Islands 

Other Asia and Oceania 1,697 

Africa 19,283 

Other countries 



-March 



1900. 


1898. 


$ 52, /61 


$1,142,425 


25,077 


278,027 


52,884 


1,193,202 


97,459 


635,187 


75,861 


265,155 


94 


6,507 


764 


47,741 


21 


938 


9,385 


8,910 


173 


2,646 


4,498 


60,521 


6,862 


63,694 


1,942 


70,886 


69 


14,251 


5,844 


39,249 


4,280 


23,013 ■ 


8,332 


46,650 


620 


4,960 


31,561 


65,249 


15,103 


258,125 


11,451 




2,934 




2,012 


48,280 


2,459 


150,305 




545 



—Nine Months Ending March. — 

1899. 1900. 

$ 608,337 $ 294,048 

320,080 180,332 

792,290 322,959 

1,048,336 515,139 

338,412 205,308 



Totals $811,796 



$412,486 



$4,426,466 



4,684 

36,016 

226 

8,101 

1,951 

49,033 

149,731 

46,692 

5,719 

38,079 

20,340 

125,750 

6,330 

99,206 

207,91s 

27,708 

430 

25,662 

140,266 

o76 

$4,101,873 



2,335 

19,208 

237 

137,804 

1,969 

39,251 

135,940 

23,141 

5,950 

54,777 

22,957 

92,060 

6,075 

175,392 

175,489 

38,880 

14,773 

36.899 

50,0Z0 

8b 

$2,551,032 



SUCCESSFUI, SAI/ESMAN AVOIDS AN- 
TAGONIZING HIS CUSTOMERS 



Must Disarm Suspicion With Frankness and 

Not Offend by Under-Rating 

Buyer's Knowledge. 



To one of the leading dealers in Wash- 
ington a Cycle Age correspondent put 
this question: "What marks out the 
successful bicycle salesman?" The reply 
should furnish food for thought to every 
salesman who aspires to be successful in 
his field of labor: 

Customers in Combative Mood. 

"To my mind tact and knowledge of 
human nature, two things no one can 
learn in any other way than by contact, 
mark the successful salesman. The pros- 
pective customer comes in to fight, that is 
to say, he is in a state of mental com- 
bativeness, objecting to the price you ask 
him and wanting to see what you can 
say that will interest him and convince 
him that your price is the right price for 
the quality you offer him. Many times 
a salesman makes a great mistake in set- 
ting the intelligence of his customer too 
low. If the salesman is tactful and will 
let the customer talk, or get him to talk, 
he can always succeed in finding out 
where the customer has been, and adapt 
his arguments to correspond. The cus- 
tomer is often willing to be convinced, 
and if the tactful and knowing salesman 
observes what the customer wishes to 
really find out, he obtains the confidence 
of the prospective buyer, and that gener- 
ally means a sale. 

Induce tlie Buyer to Talk 

"Too often the salesman talks too 
much. He has his own story of his ma- 
chine, and he rattles it out glibly, re- 
gardless of whether the customer is pay- 
ing any attention or not, and often cre- 
ating a dislike for his methods in the 
mind of the buyer. Knowledge is cer- 
tainly power in the bicycle business, as 
in any other, and the more knowledge 
a sales*nan has the greater the chance 
that his intelligence will bring out some 
point that secures the buyer's confidence 
and closes the sale. 

Price Cutting Poor Salesmanship. 

"There is another important feature of 
bicycle selling that affects the question of 
salesmanship very largely. If, for exam- 
ple, the would-be buyer is halting be- 
tween two certain makes, and tells the 
salesman that if he will drop his price 
to that of his rival, it will decide the 
question in his favor, and the salesman, 
to make the sale, drops the price— that 
is not salesmanship. While the popular 
definition of a successful merchant is 
'one who sells goods,' it is better some- 
times to lose sales than to make them on 
such terms. The salesman should so 
fortify his argument by demonstrations 
of facts which he can prove about his 
own machine that the would-be purchaser 
will want to possess it, and the question 
of price will give way to what the buyer 
is convinced is better value. In conclu- 
sion, let me say that truth and sincerity 
are the most effective powers that one 
can display." 



Finds it a Necessity. 

"Enclosed find my subscription. I did 
not expect to remain in the business 
when I stopped my paper last year. 
When in the cycle trade the Cycle Age is 
a necessity." — Chas. C. Cassidy, Hudson, 
Iowa. 



The Co-Operative Bicycle & Merchan- 
dise Co. of I^ima, O., has been incorpo- 
rated with $1,000 capital stock. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



AT THE FRONT 




If Defective PartsAre Found In 

T^mNS ON BICYCLE 

tWiLL Replace fRE[ And PayAll Express Charges 
MANSON CYCLE CO. v.,...o 



A post of honor, whether 
in the field of war, or in 
the cycle trade. ^J^^^^ 
If you desire to be at the 
front in the selling of a 
good bicycle, sell ^^^^ 



THE 



MANSON 



A LEftDER OF LEftPERS 

In design a beauty. 

Material the hfsX.J-J-,^ 

Workmanship unexcelled. 

Finish the finest in the world. 



All supported by the broad- 
est guarantee ever given on 
a bicycle. ^^J^^^J-^^ 



WRITE NOW 



MANSON CYCLE COMPANY 



MANSON SQUARE, CHICAGO 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



'M&OMh 



Ent»r«d at Chlcaeo Post Office as Second-Class Matter 

Published every Thursday at 324 Dearborn St.. Chicago. 
Eastern Offlcjs. American Tract Soc'y Bldg.. New York. 

Subscription price in the United States. Canada and 
Mexico, $2 per year; In foreign countries. $6 per year. 

All remittances should be made to The Cycle Age 
Company. 

The Cycle Age is under 
ALLEGATIONS obligations to the 
trust's organ for three 
AND THE pages of excellent ad- 

FACTS vertising matter. It re- 

lates to this paper's at- 
titude toward the A. B. C. ana is, of 
course, abusive. The article contains 
statements which are absolutely untrue. 
I The Cycle Age will enter into no con- 
troversy on a subject concerning which 
its attitude is well defined. It will sim- 
ply prove the falsity of the statements 
made, in the order in which they are 
found. 

The charges and the facts concerning 
them are as follows: 

That the Cycle Age states that there is a 
string or two attached to a transfer of G. & 
J. property to the trust. 

In its issue of April 19, this paper 
stated that there were rumors that the 
transfer of G. & J. property had not been 
made in due form, but it was plainly 
stated that the rumors vsfere "too late 
for substantiation before going to press." 
As a matter of fact it has since been ad- 
mitted by the official organ that the ru- 
mor was well founded. 

That the Cycle Age never attacked the A. 
B. C. until it found out that it could not se- 
cure its advertising business. 

The Cycle Age attacked the trust, or 
the methods of the men who promoted it, 
as early as June last year, and consistent- 
ly thereafter to show a majority of the 
makers that they were not to be included,' 
to prevent such delay on their part as 
would have seriously injured them --in 
their preparations for the present sea- 
son, and to prove to them that abundant 
supplies would be forthcoming, a fact 
concerning which many of them were in 
doubt. 

That the Cycle Age has secretly endeav- 
ored to make an advertising contract with 
the trust. 

The Cycle Age hag endeavored, in the 
regular course of business, without se- 
crecy or any other unusual method, to 
secure a share of the trust's advertising 
business. It failed for two reasons: first, 
because it refused to pay commission to 
the trust's advertising department and, 
second, because of its attitude toward 
the trust. 

The Cycle Age is not responsible for 
that short-sightedness which prompts the 
trust to regulate its advertising patron- 
age by the amount of commission a jour- 
nal is willing to pay; nor is it able to 
understand why the A. B. C. is entitled to 
any lower rate than the independent 
manufacturer. 

The Cycle Age will be pleased, at any 



time, to receive the business of the A. B. 
C. and to make any efforts to secure it 
which do not involve the control of its 
editorial policy. 

In shaping that policy ihe trust's ad- 
vertising patronage has not been consid- 
ered. Indeed, reference to the files shows 
that criticism was most severe just at the 
time advertising contracts were being 
placed. Other difficulties could doubtless 
have been overcome had the Cycle Age 
chosen to toady to the trust and suppress 
facts which the trade had the right to 
learn — as all other papers, save one, did 
and continue to do. 

That the property of the Cycle Age was 
ac(iuircd by illegal methods. 

This claim is based on a quarrel be- 
tween the owner of the trust's organ and 
a gentleman formerly connected with this 
paper, over the property of Cycling Life, 
concerning the ownershii of which they 
bad deceived the trade. None of its 
property passed into the possession of 
this paper, except by purchase, for cash. 

That the American Bicycle Company is not 
a trust. 

A trust is a combination of any number 
of persons for any one of half a dozen 
acts performed by the A. B. C. For in- 
formation on this subject the trust's or- 
gan is referred to any competent attor- 
ney. 

That the Cycle Age carries an advertise- 
ment of a pedal manufacturer who never 
pays his bills. 

That the Cycle A$e has three pages of ad- 
vertising matter which are valueless from 
the credit standpoint. 

These two claims can be covered in one 
reply. No definite answer can be made 
unless the names of the offending adver- 
tisers are furnished. In the absence of 
detailed information the charge is a re- 
flection upon every advertiser in the Cy- 
cle Age and will be so construed by them. 

That Luthy & Co. of Peoria, whose name 
was printed in a recent list of independent 
makers, are not making bicycles. 

Luthy & Co. are engaged in the manu- 
facture of bicycles and furthermore are 
turning out a considerable number of 
very creditable machines. 

That an attempt has been made, within 
thirty days, to effect a combination between 
the Cycle Age and the Cycling Gazette and 
to remove the latter to New York. 

There have been no negotiations with- 
in thirty days or at any other time, be- 
tween the Cycling Gazette and the Cycle 
Age, or between any persons representing 
them, for any purpose whatsoever. 

That anything which injures or weakens 
the A. B. C. Injures and weakens the entire 
trade. 

About sixty manufacturers have band- 
ed together, largely for the purpose of de- 
feating the Smith bottom bracket patent. 
If they are successful the trust will have 
been weakened materially. The sixty 
manufacturers referred to do not consider 
that the trade, as a whole, will have been 
weakened thereby. This seems to be a 
sufficient answer to the charge. 

The trust's organ asks Cycle Age to 
state why it is opposed to the American 
Bicycle Co. An answer to the question 
was printed at considerable length some 



weeks ago, and would have been familiar 
to the person who asks the question had 
he taken the trouble to investigate the 
cour.se of this paper instead of launching 
into a tirade of unreasonable abuse. It 
may be answered in a few words by threa 
other questions: Would the trust's orgun 
feel pleased, or consider it fair competi- 
tion, if the Cycle Age, Cycling Gazette, 
Cycling West and Bicycling World were 
to combine as one journal, published in 
New York City? Would its pleasure be 
increased by a suit, whose object was 
either to drive it out of business or force 
it to pay tribute to its rival? Would the 
trade be likely to take kindly to a propo- 
sition which would eliminate competition 
in cycling journalism and enable one 
paper to secure extortionate rates? 

The Cycle Age has sufficient confidence 
in the statements of people associated 
with the defense of the bottom bracket 
cases, now pending, to believe that the 
patent cannot be sustained. When that 
is out of the way the trade will have little 
or nothing to fear from the trust, and 
some causes of complaint will doubtless 
be removed. In the meantime the trust s 
organ is referred for many reasons why 
Cycle Age, on behalf of makers anil 
dealers, is opposed to tl.e trust, to the 
files of the Cycle Age from June, 1899, to 
the present date. The facts therein con- 
tained were available to all of the papers 
had they exercised due diligence, but none 
save the Cycle Age thought fit to print 
Item. ,j,.. 

The Cycle Age has no more time to de- 
vote to hunting up details which its critic 
can find for itself. The matter ends here. 

Six months of trust 
SIX MONTHS management has re- 
OF THE suited in a material 

TRUST reduction in the num- 

ber of factories oper- 
ated by the trust. Nearly a dozen cities 
have been deprived of industries and 
two or three thousand men have been 
thrown out of employment. The man- 
agers and heads of departments of some 
of the factories have been discharged 
without an hour's notice and there are 
mutterings which cannot long continue 
without reaching the public ear. 

The following bicycle factories have 
ceased operations: 

Crawford Mfg. Co., Hagerstown, Md.; 
Syracuse Cycle Co. and Barnes Cycle Co., 
Syracuse, N. Y., plants removed to the 
Stearns factory; H. A. Lozier Mfg. Co., 
Thompsonville, Conn.; Indiana Bicycle 
Co., Indianapolis, Ind.; Columbus (O.) 
Cycle Co.; Buffalo Cycle Mfg. Co., Buf- 
falo, N. Y.; Stover Bicycle Mfg. Co., Free- 
port, 111.; yiking Mfg. Co. and Colton 
Cycle Co., Toledo, O.; Milwaukee Mfg. 
Co. and Milwaukee Engineering Co., Mil- 
waukee, Wis.; Nuttal Mfg. Co., Nyack, N. 
Y.; Fanning Cycle Mfg. Co., Chicago, & 
Peoria Rubber & Mfg. Co., Peoria, 111. 

In addition to these the Thompsonville 
plant of the Lozier company has been 
transferred to the Westville factory; the 
Hartford, Peoria and Indianapolis rubber 
plants have been sold; the Christy plant 
has been closed; the Indiana Novelty 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



Mfg. Co. and the Thompson Mfg. Co. 
plants are idle; C. J. Smith & Sons Co. 
are nearly so; the White Sewing Ma- 
chine Co.'s bicycle department has been 
abandoned, and it is reported that the 
stamping department of the Cleveland 
Machine Screw Co. is to be discontinued. 
* * * * 

There is a general feeling of unrest 
among the employes. A rumor is abroad 
to the effect that the maximum salary to 
be paid men not intimately associated 
with the New York office will not exceed 
$2,000 after this year. The uneasiness is 
shared even by those who imagine them- 
selves possessed of five-year contracts. 

The makers were invited by Mr. Spald- 
ing to submit propositions for the sale 
of their plants and the retention of their 
services for five years. When the deals 
were closed, however, most of the sellers 
were given what are now contemptuous- 
ly referred to as "pink contracts," which 
were nothing more than options on their 
services, given to Mr. Spalding and by 
him transferred to the trust. These op- 
tions were of no value to the men who 
had figured on five-year jobs at good sal- 
aries and have been treated accordingly 
by the trust. 

Nor, if report speaks correctly, has any 
better treatment been accorded those men 
who were sharp enough to insist on bona 
fide contracts. They, too, have been "re- 
lieved" at a moment's notice, and, as a 
result, the facts will come to the surface 
in the near future, unless the company 
acknowledges its obligations. No man 
knows how soon he may be advised that 
his services are no longer needed. 

"I cannot and will not stand the pres- 
ent conditions," said one of the best men 
now in the employ of the trust, "longer 
than is necessary to procure another suit- 
able position. The management is sel- 
fish, blundering and in every sense dis- 
agreeable. I have nominal authority in 
certain directions, but really may as well 
be an office boy." 

No man who entertains such senti- 
ments will do good work. Every such 
man will take advantage of the first 
opening presented. The cheaper men, for 
whose services there is no demand, »will 
remain, and, if the rumors quoted be 
true, will be the people on whom the 
trust relies to earn dividends on its forty 

millions! 

* * * * 

If reports furnished by the manage- 
ment from time to time were true, the 
aggregate capacity of the fifteen bicycle 
factories now closed exceeded 250,000 
machines, or about one-third of the num- 
ber the compilers of the prospectus "esti- 
mated" would be produced during the 
season of 1898-9. A majority of them 
produced machines of the lower order or 
conducted business on such a basis as to 
cause wonderment at their having been 
purchased. The indications are — and they 
are borne out by the general policy of the 
company — that the trust will devote near- 
ly all of its energy to the production of 
machines of the better class. 

The question for the financier to con- 
sider is why the now defunct concerns 



were purchased at all. No statement has 
ever been issued showing the real estate 
purchased, but it is no secret that some 
of the companies did not own the build- 
ings in "which their plants were operated 
or the ground on which the buildings 
stood. 

The closures were, of course, designed 
to eifect economies and clear the market 
of a class of goods which the trust con- 
sidered undesirable, but the effect has 
been to throw nearly all of the business 
formerly done by the factories into the 
hands of independent makers, to their 
great advantage and the trust's discomfi- 
ture. 

* * « « 

Less than a month has elapsed since 
the Cycle Age called attention to the dis- 
regard of the truth displayed by the 
people who prepare the trust's advertis- 
ing matter. Since that time there has 
been an improvement, but last week one 
of the cycle papers published, for the 
third or fourth time, an advertisement 
in which the American Bicycle Co. 
claimed to "make and sell more bicycles 
than all other factories in America com- 
bined." 

The statement is untrue. The factories 
of the trust do not produce one-half of 
the bicycles made in the United States 
and never did, despite the claim made 
by the promoter that they produce over 
60 per cent. 

Some time last summer there appeared 
in this paper a list of the outputs of all 
the leading factories of the country. It 
showed that the independent output 
largely outnumbered that of the trust. 
Since that time the product of the for- 
mer has increased while that of the lat- 
ter has decreased. 

It is high time therefore that the offi- 
cers, who do not seem to exercise proper 
supervision over some of their subordi- 
nates, were made aware of this willful 
misrepresentation. 

"I don't care to answer 
HELPING any of these ques- 

ONE tions," writes a dealer 

ANOTHER ^^ response to a circu- 

lar letter of inquiry 
sent him by the Cycle Age, "or give you" 
my ideas, good or bad, on this subject. 
We have worked hard to get what wood 
we are sawing and don't feel like furnish- 
ing any elbow grease for new comers." 

That dealer takes a wrong view of the 
matter, and, fearing that there are others 
entertaining similar opinions, the Cycle 
Age is disposed to point out its reasons 
for thinking so. 

The people of the United States pride 
themselves on being progressive and in 
giving to science and industry many 
great discoveries and improved methods 
of manufacture. It would be impossible, 
however, to maintain a foremost posi- 
tion in this direction it each inventor 
and each business man kept for himself 
for his individual use and benefit the dis- 
coveries he makes. Similarly, if all 
tradesmen refuse to divulge to others in 
similar lines their ideas for increasing 
business and improving their methods the 
retail trade will at once begin to stag- 



nate, customers will drop off and many 
failures will ensue. 

Each business man learns much more 
from the experience and ideas of others 
than from his own experience and orig- 
inal thoughts. 

If the bicycle dealer who wrote as above 
will compare the business methods of 
to-day in any line with those that ex- 
isted fifty years ago before the railroads, 
the telephone and telegraph made com- 
munication of ideas between the people 
of the country and of the nations so 
quick and easy, he will at once appreciate 
the marvelous progress that has been the 
result of the free interchange of ideas. 

It would be interesting to know whether 
this dealer reads his bicycle trade paper 
thoroughly. 

If he does he is every week gaining 
new and valuable ideas for the better and 
more profitable conduct of his business 
from other retailers all over the country 
who generously contribute them for the 
general welfare of the trade, and still 
he declines to return the favor, because, 
he says, he has worked hard to build up 
his business. But he would not find it 
any easier if, like himself, all the others 
who have worked equally hard kept to 
themselves all of their ideas. 

In this issue of Cycle Age is published 
in full the constitution and by-laws 
adopted by the Minneapolis Cycle Trade 
Association last month. That constitu- 
tion and those by-laws represent much 
careful mental labor and considerable ex- 
pense for composition, printing and prob- 
ably legal assistance. It costs something 
for the Cycle Age to place these before 
all the dealers in the country, to many 
of whom in other cities and towns it is 
expected and hoped they will be of great 
assistance. Yet the Minneapolis dealers 
did not say to Cycle Age that they did 
not care to give these other dealers their 
ideas, whether good or bad, because they 
had worked hard on them and did not 
feei like furnishing ideas for others. 

In this same issue are found new and 
original methods for shop work that are 
contributed by cycle repairmen and oth- 
ers and which will be of value to pei'sons 
engaged in the same work throughout the 
country. 

A dealer or repairer in Minneapolis 
furnishing these ideas knows that if they 
are adopted by another dealer or repairer 
in New Orleans, for instance, the latter 
gets the benefit, of course, but at no ex- 
pense to the former, as they are in no 
sense competitors. Moreover, the free 
interchange of ideas tends to the improve- 
ment of the whole trade, and, reacting 
on those who supply these ideas, bene- 
fits their business in equal measure, so 
that, instead of having lost anything by 
such generosity, they are actual gainers. 

Suppose there are twenty-five thousand 
dealers in this country; suppose each of 
these, through a medium like the Cycle 
Age, contributes to all of the others one 
original idea; there are then twenty-five 
thousand new ideas, of which each gains 
twenty-four thousand in exchange for his 
one. 

Is each a gainer or a loser? ^ ^ 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



ANTI-TRUST LAWS AND THE CYCLE TRADE 



WHAT CONSTITUTES A TRUST 



All Makers Appear to Transgress I^aws of 
Some States— The Stearns Case. 



The anti-trust laws of various states 
have been brought prominently before 
the trade by the recent decision in Iowa, 
in the case of Stearns vs. Freeman and by 
the announcement that the A. B. C. will 
hereafter decline to sell bicycles in Texas 
except for cash in advance. 

The popular conception of a trust is a 
mammoth institution possessed of vast 
wealth and aiming to control the industry 
in which it is engaged. The law, how- 
ever, holds that a trust is a combination 
of two or more persons for the purpose 
of regulating prices or production, or do- 
ing anything which is in restraint of 
trade. 

The Stearns case was fully reported in 
the Cycle Age of February 22. It was 
shown that Stearns sold bicycles t6 Free- 
man under an agreement not to sell to 
anyone else in the same territory, and 
binding him not to sell outside of that 
territory or at less than specified prices. 
Freeman disputed a portion of a bill ren- 
dered him. 

Prices Must Not be I,iniited. 

The case was heard in the District 
Court of Grundy County, Iowa, and Free- 
man claimed, among other things, that 
the contract was in violation of the anti- 
trust law of the state. This contention 
was upheld by the court, according to 
whose ruling it appears that a seller may 
not compel a dealer to maintain prices, 
may not give any dealer the exclusive 
right to sell in specified territory, and 
may not prevent a dealer from selling 
goods to anyone who will buy, regardless 
of his or their location.. 

The attorneys for E. C. Stearns & Co. 
gave notice of an appeal and it is reason- 
able to assume that, in view of the im- 
portance of the decision to the entire 
trade, it will be fought to the highest 
court, if necessary. 

All Makers are Bqually Bound. 

It should be understood that the con- 
nection of Stearns with the American Bi- 
cycle Company had no bearing on the 
case and that, so far as the actions com- 
plained of are concerned, the laws of 
Iowa and other states hereinafter men- 
tioned apply as fully to independent mak- 
ers as to the A. B. C, except that, in tne 
now famous American Glucose Co. case, 
an Illinois court has rendered a sweeping 
decision embracing points not covered by 
cases heard in other states, details of 
which will be found below. 

Distinction Between Agent and Dealer. 

It is also necessary to recognize the 
distinction between the words agent and 
dealer. It has long been the custom, in 
the bicycle business, to refer to retailers 
as agents. In the eyes of the law a man 
who buys bicycles and pays for them, or 
agrees to pay for them, is a dealer, not 
an agent. Having bought goods, they be- 
come his property absolutely, and no one 
has the right to dictate where, how or at 
what price he shall sell them. An agent 
is one who is a representative of another; 
who does not actually buy or assume re- 
sponsibility for the purchase price, but 
serves as the instrument through which 
his employer sells to a dealer or other 
customer. No restriction is placed upon 
the transactions between a bicycle maker 
and his agent, because they are, for busi- 
ness purposes, one and the same party. 

The Iowa statute relates to "cheating 



by false pretenses, gross frauds, and con- 
spiracy," and reads as follows: 

Section 5060. Any corporation, organized 
under the laws of this or any other 
state or country, for transacting or conduct- 
ing any kind of business in this state, or any 
partnership, association or individual creat- 
ing, entering into or becoming a member of, 
or a party to, any pool, trust, agreement, 
contract, combination, confederation, or un- 
derstanding with any other corporation, 
partnership, association, or individual, to 
regulate or fix prices of any articles of mer- 
chandise or commodity, or to fix or limit 
the amount, or quantity, of any article, 
commodity, or merchandise to be manufac- 
tured, mined, purchased, or sold in this 
state shall be guilty of conspiracy. 

Section 5063. All contracts or agreements 
in violation of any provisions of the three 
preceding actions shall be void. 

Section 5064. Any purchaser of any article 
or commodity from any individual, company 
or corporation transacting business contrary 
to any provisions of the four preceding sec- 
tions shall not be liable for the price or 
payment thereof, and may plead such pro- 
visions as a defense to any action for such 
price or payment. 

THE LAW OF ILLINOIS 

Similar to That of Texas -A Decision Con- 
cerning Class lyegislation. 



TEXAS LAW IN DETAIL 



Two Persons May Form a Trust- No I<egal 
Way to Collect Money. 



The Illinois statute is almost identical 
with that of Texas. It became a law on 
June 20, 1893. It contains a section which 
reads as follows: 

The provisions of this act shall not apply 
to agricultural products or live stock while 
in the hands of the producer or raiser. 

Judge Kohlsaat has asserted than on ac- 
count of the clause quoted the law is un- 
constitutional, because it is, to all in- 
tents and purposes, class legislation. The 
statute in question, however, does not re- 
peal the law of 1891, tested in the case of 
George F. Harding against the American 
Glucose Co., in which an opinion was 
filed in the Circuit Court of Peoria Coun- 
ty on October 19, 1899. 

This case may have an important bear- 
ing on the business of the A. B. C. with- 
out affecting the affairs of independent 
makers. The decision was to the effect 
that consolidation of corporations to cre- 
ate a monopoly constitutes a trust; that 
public policy in Illinois is against trusts 
and combinations creating monopolies; 
that an agreement to form an illegal trust 
may rest upon a verbal understanding 
and that the fact that prices may be re- 
duced does not relieve a trust of its ob- 
jectionable features. A trust is created 
where a majority of the stockholders in 
competing corporations consolidate their 
interests by conveying all their property 
to a corporation organized for the pur- 
pose of taking their property, when the 
necessary consequence of the combination 
is to control prices, limit production, or 
suppress competition and creating mon- 
opoly. 

The courts may or may not hold that 
the A. B. C. has done or attempted to do 
any of these things, or that such action is 
or ever was contemplated. The decision, 
too, may be used as a precedent in other 
states. 

A dealer has forwarded the following 
clipping from some unknown nev/spaner: 

".Jackson, Mich. — The senate, by vote of 
twenty-four to forty-two, recently passed 
the anti-trust bill, which is similar to 
that of Texas. It makes all trusts and 
combines illegal and all contracts with 
such null and void, and any agent is pun- 
ishable by a fine and imprisonment." 

His comment is brief, but expressive, 
consisting of a single word, "Amen." 



Texas has the most stringent anti-trust 
laws of any state. The latest, signed by 
the governor on May 25, 1899, and taking 
effect January 30, 1900, covers the ground 
more fully than those of 1889 and 1895, 
on which the state previously depended. 
It is described as "an act to prohibit 
pools, trusts, monopolies and conspiracies 
to control business and prices of articles; 
to prevent the formation or operation of 
pools, trusts, monopolies and combina- 
tions of charters of corporations that 
violate the terms of this act and to au- 
thorize the institution of prosecutions 
and suits therefor." 

Definition of a Trust. 

The first section provides that any cor- 
poration organized under the laws of 
Texas or any other state or country, and 
transacting or conducting any kind of 
business in the state; or any partnership, 
or individual, or other association of per- 
sons whatsoever, who shall create, enter 
into, become a member of or a party to 
any pool, trust, agreement, combination, 
confederation or understanding with any 
other corporation, partnership, individ- 
ual, or any person or association of per- 
sons, to regulate or fix the price of any 
article of manufacture, mechanism, mer- 
chandise, etc., etc., shall be deemed and 
adjudged guilty of a conspiracy to de- 
fraud and be subject to the penalty pro- 
vided by this act. 

What Constitutes a Monopoly. 

The second section defines a monopoly, 
which is declared to be any union, or 
combination, or consolidation, or affilia- 
tion of capital, credit, property, assets, 
etc., by or between persons, firms, or 
corporations, whereby any one of the pur- 
poses or objects mentioned in this act 
is accomplished, or sought to be accom- 
plished, or whereby the several results 
described herein are reasonably calcu- 
lated to be produced. Such a monopoly 
is declared unlawful. 

Section three provides that it shall be 
unlawful to sell goods at less than the 
cost of manufacture for the purpose of 
driving out competition or financially in- 
juring competitors. 

The Penalties Are Severe. 

The penalty is set forth in section five, 
and consists of a fine of not less than $200 
nor more than $5,000 for each offense, 
and each day the unlawful proceeding 
continues shall be considered a separate 
oftense. 

Section six provides against boycotting, 
or a refusal to buy from or sell to any 
person or corporation for the reason that 
such person or corporation is not a mem- 
ber of, or a party to, a pool or trust. 

It is provided in the next section that 
any corporation, organized under the 
laws of Texas, which violates any of the 
provisions of the preceding section, shall 
forfeit its franchise, and that any foreign 
corporation shall thereby forfeit its right 
to do business in the state. 

An Affidavit Required Annually. 

A form of affidavit is furnished which 
certifies that the signer is not a party to 
a trust, etc., and the officers of corpora- 
tions are required to file such an affidavit 
annually and at such other times as the 
Secretary of State shall determine. 

Section twelve provides that the pur- 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



chaser of any article from such an offen- 
der shall not be liable for the price or 
payment thereof and may plead this act 
as a defense, and further, that where the 
money or other thing of value has been 
paid the persons so paying may recover 
the amount. 

The remainder of the act provides the, 
means of procedure of the Attorney Gen- 
eral and other officers, and for the dispo- 
sition of such funds as may accrue. 

Trust Attorney's Opinion. 

This law went into effect on January 
30, at which time the bicycle trust de- 
clined to make further shipments to 
Texas, except the cash were paid in ad- 
vance. Replying to the questions of a 
Cycle Age man, Mr. Redding, one of the 
trust's attorneys, expressed doubt as to 
the constitutionality of the act. 

The laws previously in force, however, 
are not repealed. They have been fre- 
quently attacked without success and on 
March 19 the United States Supreme Court 
affirmed their constitutionality. 

The Old Statute. 

The first section of the act of 1895 reads 
as follows: 

A trust is a combination of capital, skill, 
or acts by two or more persons, firms, corpo- 
rations, or associations of persons, or either 
two or more of them, for either, any or all 
of the following purposes: 

First. To create or to carry out restric- 
tions in trade. 

Second. To limit or reduce the production 
or increase or reduce the price of merchan- 
dise or commodities. 

Third. To prevent competition in manu- 
facture, making, transportation, sale or pur- 
chase of merchandise, produce or commodi- 
ties. 

Fourth. To fix at any standard or figure, 
whereby its price to the public shall be in 
any manner controlled or established, any 
article or commodity of merchandise, pro- 
duce or commerce intended for sale, use or 
consumption in this state. 

Fifth. To make or enter into or execute 
or carry out any contract, obligation or 
agreement of any kind or description, by 
which they shall bind or have bound them- 
selves not to sell, dispose of or transport any 
article, or commodity, or article of trade, 
use, merchandise, commerce or consumption 
below a common standard figure; or by 
which they shall agree, in any manner, to 
keep the price of such article, commodity 
or transportation at a fixed or graduated 
figure; or by which they shall in any man- 
ner establish or settle the price of any 
article or commodity or transportation be- 
tween them, or themselves and others, to 
preclude a free and unrestricted competi- 
tion among themselves or others in the sale 
or transportation of any such article or 
commodity; or by which they shall agree to 
pool, combine or unite in any interest they 
fnay have in connection with the sale or 
transportation of any such article or com- 
modity, that its price might in any manner 
be affected. 

Money Cannot Be Collected. 

That law also permits a debtor 
to plead the provisions of this 
statute as a defense in any action brought 
against him, and no other defense is nec- 
essary. In other words, a manufacturer 
who has sold to a dealer and restricted 
his territory, or the price at which he 
may sell, has no legal means of collecting 
money due him. Between them they have 
formed a trust. 

The constitutionality of the act has 
been fully established in the Texas 
courts. 

Texas Supreme Court Decisions. 

The Supreme Court has declared void 
the lease of a saloon by the Texas & Pa- 
cific Coal Co. to Thomas Lawson, because 
the company agreed not to permit the 
sale of liquor by anyone else on its lands. 

It is apparent from the face of the con- 
tract, that the purposes of the parties in 
entering into the combination evidenced 
thereby was. as far as they might be able, 
to restrain any other person from entering 
into the business of selling liquors to the 
people during the lease. * * * We are of 
opinion that the purpose of the combination 



was to create and carry out a restriction in 
the sale of liquors in Thurber and also to 
prevent competition in the sale and purchase 
thereof. It results * * * that the contract 
created a trust within the meaning of the 
.statute and is therefore void and no action 
ur counter claim can be founded thereon. 

Beer Decision Applies to Bicycles. 

The Supreme Court decided, on Decem- 
ber 14, 1896, in the case of the Pabst 
Brewing Co., against Faqua and others, 
that a contract for the sale of beer, 
which provides that the purchaser shall 
handle only the beer named in the con- 
tract and that the manufacturer shall sell 
to no other dealer in that town or vicin- 
ity, creates a trust and conspiracy against 
trade. 

The case was based on a contract be- 
tween the brewing company and C. P. 
Kingsbury. The former agreed to allow 
Kingsbury a running credit to at least 
the amount of $1,000, not to sell or con- 
sign beer to any other party within the 
city of Amarillo, Tex., or its vicinity, and 
to erect a cold storage house and allow 
Kingsbury the free use of same during 
the continuation of the agreement. Kings- 
bury, on his part, agreed that he would 
neither sell nor be interested in the s«l'^ 
of any beer not manufactured bv the 
Pabst company. Fuqua and others being 
his bondsmen, were sued because Kings 
bury failed to settle an amount $1,164.48. 
Was He an Agent or a Dealer? 

One of the questions at Ismie was 
whether Kingsbury was a bona fide agent 
of the company, or a dealer, transactin-^ 
business on his account. This is one of 
the cases in which it is necessary to d's- 
tinguish between an agent who, in the 
eyeg of the law. is a representative of the 
house, and a dealer, who is an indepen- 
dent trader. 
The decision is here quoted: 
The contract declared upon wn« for the 
sale of beer by the company to Kingsbury 
and not the est.Tblishment of an agency. 
When any shipment thereunder was deliv- 
ered to Kingsbury the title to the beer vest- 
ed In him. * * * The contract contemplat- 
ed and provided for the union or association 
of the capital and acts of each party in 
furtherance of the business scheme outlined 
therein, during its continuance. * * * The 
tendency and purpose of such combination 
was clearly to create and carry out restric- 
tions in trade and to prevent competition in 
the sale or purchase of commodities in that 
it restricted the company's right to sell beer 
in Amirillo to such sales as it might be able 
to make to Kingsbury under the agreement, 
and prohibited him from selling any other 
beer, and therefore tended to prevent any 
other vendor of beer coming into competi- 
tion with plaintiff in selling to Kingsbury. 
This created a trust within the meaning of 
the statute. 

Another of the Same Sort. 

Another case in which the court was 
called upon to distinguish between an 
agent and a dealer was that of the Texas 
Brewing Co. against J. W. Anderson and 
others, decision in which was rendered by 
the Court of Civil Appeals of Texas, 
March 27, 1897. 

The conditions concerning the sale and 
purchase of beer were similar to those in 
the Pabst case, but the Andersons were 
carefully referred to in the contract as 
the agents of the brewery company. Ac- 
companying the agreement, however, was 
a bond, which recited that the parties had 
entered into a contract by which the de- 
fendants were liable to become indebted 
to the plaintiff for goods to be furnished 
them by the plaintiff. The court held that 
the contract was not of agency, but of 
.sale, and followed the ruling of the Su- 
preme Court in the preceding case. 

In the U. S. Supreme Court. 
The U. S. supreme court decision above 
referred to involved the right of the 
Waters-Pierce Oil Co. to do business in 
Texas. It was charged among other 
things that the Waters-Pierce company 
was a member of the Standard Oil trust, 
as organized in 1882, and various other 



allegations were made, but the court uid 
not enter upon a general discussion of 
the trusts, contenting itself with a dis- 
cussion of the Texas law as applicable to 
this case. The opinion sustains the de- 
cisions of the state couits to the extent 
of affirming them, and was thus opposed 
to the contentions of the oil company, 
but it did this upon the ground that the 
state laws imposed a condition which the 
oil company had accepted and hence was 
without ground of complaint. 

Justice McKenna said: "The transac- 
tions of local commerce which were held 
by the state courts to be violations of the 
statutes consisted in contracts with cer- 
tain merchants by which the plaintiff in 
error required them to buy exclu- 
sively from it and from no other source, 
or buy exclusively from plaintiff in error, 
and not to sell any person handling com- 
peting oils, or to lauy exclusively from 
plaintiff in error and to sell at a price 
fixed by it. The statutes," he continued, 
"must be considered in reference to these 
contracts. In any other aspect they are 
not subject to our review on this record 
except the power of the state court to 
restrict their regulation to local com- 
merce upon which a contention is 
raised." 

LEGISLATION ELSEWHERE 



An Old Massachusetts I/aw and its Bearing 
on Present Day Methods. 



Many other states, as, for example, 
Wisconsin, Arkansas, Missouri, Ohio, 
Kentucky, and Massachusetts, have laws 
bearing similar features, and decisions 
have been rendered by the score. Some 
of them date back many years. In one 
such, rendered by the Supreme Court of 
Massachusetts, the following is found: 

The unreasonableness of contracts in re- 
straint of trade and business is very appar- 
ent from several obvious considerations: 
(1) Such contracts * * * discourage in- 
dustry and enterprise and diminish the pro- 
ducts of ingenuity and skill for they prevent 
competition. They prevent competition and 
enhance prices. 'They expose the public to 
all of the evils of monopoly; and this espe- 
cially is applicable to wealthy companies 
and large corporations who have the means, 
unless restrained by law, to exclude rivalry, 
monopolize business and engross the market. 
Against evils like these wise laws protect 
individuals and the public by declaring all 
such contracts void. 

Ruinous Competition No Excuse. 

This opinion has been sustained in 
many subsequent cases, as, for example, 
by the Circuit Court of Appeals, Sixth 
Circuit, on February 8, 1898, in the case 
of the United States against the Addyston 
Pipe and Steel Co., in which decision 
there appears the following: 

"Where the sole object of both parties 
in making the contract as expressed 
therein, is merely to restrain competition 
and enhance or maintain prices, it would 
seem that there was nothing to justify or 
excuse the restraint, that it would neces- 
sarily have a tendency to monopoly and 
therefore would be void." 

The same decision holds that trusts and 
combinations are equally illegal, even 
though the competition may be ruinous 
and that contracts made with a view to 
check such ruinous competition and regu- 
late prices should not be upheld. 

Despite the dangers which exist, manu- 
facturers will doubtless continue to insist 
on the maintenance of prices. The Stearns 
people have issued positive notice to that 
effect. 

THE A. B. C. IN TEXAS 



Dealers Insulted and Say There is No 
Greater Danger Now Than Formerly. 



An attempt has been made hy the Cycle 
Age to ascertain just what led to the ac- 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



tion of the A. B. C. in relation to the 
Texas dealers, and in what way, if any, 
in the opinion of its attorneys, the cases 
of independent makers differed with that 
of the trust. It appears that the matter 
was passed upon by Messrs. Alexander & 
Green. No information, other than that 
given above, was obtainable. 

The Texas case has already become 
serious. That the decision of the A. B. C. 
will prove disastrous is evidenced by a 
number of communications received from 
dealers in that state. One of them, lo- 
cated at Houston, writes: 

"The anti-trust law evidentlv scared the 
A. B. C. for it wants cash with order and 
has cancelled contracts. I shall drop Its 
machine and push an independent line. I 
do not believe, however, the trust or others 
run any more risk than formerly, for no 
merchant with credit could afford to take 
the risk of being blacklisted, as he would 
be should he attempt to plead the statute 
as a defense." 

Another writes in this strain: 

"Laws now existing in our state offer no 
protection to trusts and for this reason the 
A. B. C. appears to have lost all confidence 
!n its customers. I "do not like the idea of 
ibeing compelled to remit with order. I do 
not believe there exists anybody in this 
state, who has formerly represented A. B. C. 
machines, who would take advantage of it 
under the existing law. I think the A. B. C. 
5tand is an Insult to all old customers." 



HOLDS ANTI-TRUST OPINIONS 



Colorado Dealer, to Mauagfe His Own Busi- 
ness, Adopts Independent I/ines. 



Editor Cycling Age:^In casting your 
opinions and taking chances against mo- 
nopoly you will come out a winner. You 
cannot get all the business at any rate 
and should above all things stand in with 
the trend of public opinion — which is 
against the formation of trusts — otherwise 
called and considered monopolies. 

The states which have already taken 
action and passed anti-trust laws will be 
followed as soon as legislative bodies 
meet by two-thirds of the western and 
southern states and then my opinion, put 
forth before the A. B. C. was organized, 
will be many times multinlied^ — that the 
trust figured very shrewdly and nobly 
on everything except agents and buyers. 

Only such people as have not the ambi- 
tion or ability to tumble out of one old 
rut and are afraid they can't sell anything 
on earth but a trust bicycle are hanging 
on to the trust lines and they are not able 
to see ahead to warn off the dull thud 
which will be heard when they drop out. 

A man in Colorado Springs has to buy 
trust meat because he can't get any other 
kind. He also pays 20 cents per gallon for 
oil which is produced forty-eight miles 
from here, while in St. Louis and Chicago 
he could get it for 11 or 12 cents. But 
he doe.sn't have to buy a trust bicycle 
and never will have to do so. for the rea- 
son that state laws will be on record 
running such concerns out of business be- 
fore they ever really get into business, 
provided the combine does not die a nat- 
ural death the first year. 

No business man will invest his money 
in a business which places him in a po- 
sition where his profits have no commer- 
cial basis and are simply at the mercy of 
a gang of dictators, whose policy in the 
past has been to squeeze those who han- 
dled their goods by at least 10 per cent 
over legitimate makers — principally by 
bluffing them into the notion that they 
could not run a business unless they sold 
their lines. 

I have hinted to you mv opinion on 
these subjects before. When a dealer 
throws such wheels as Crescents. Colum- 
bias. Featherstones, Crawfords, etc., out 
of his front door because the makers wi'sh 
to assume the management of his busi- 
ness to their own gain and has found out 
he has sold just as many of other makes 



by being independent and progressive he 
can speak with experience worthy of note. 
As soon as I could dispose of my trust 
lines on hand I plastered my window with 
anti-trust signs and with the Trinity, 
Outing, Elk, Elfin juveniles and a made- 
to-order wheel at $30 I am a hard "tack" 
for any trust outfit to run up against. 
Yours, etc., L. C. Wahl. 



PUBLIC AND TRUST GOODS 



■Workingmen Demand Independent I<?nes- 
Want Union Made Bicycles. 



Columbus, Ohio, April 30.— There is a 
division of opinion in this city regarding 
the demand for trust and anti-trust bi- 
cycles, as was revealed through inter- 
views with several of the dealers recently 
Those who handle anti-trust lines ex- 
clusively, or almost so, say they could 
not sell a trust machine at all. The work- 
ingmen. they say, are so opposed to trust 
goods that they could not be induced to 
buy a bicycle made by any company in 
the A. B. C. All those who have m^de 
a specialty of independent lines are do- 
ing a good business and have their full 
share of patronage. This can be seen 
from the number of persons about the 
stores and the machines that are taken 
out from time to time. Persons who do 
not belong to labor organizations do not 
seem to make any distinction in this re- 
snect between the dealers with whom 
thev trade. They buy what suits them 
without regard to whether it is made in 
the trust or not. 

Those dealers who handle A. B. C. 
lines principally claim that they have 
not noticed any difference in the number 
of customers they have had nor have they 
had any trouble in selling the trust ma- 
chines. They say that the question as 
to whether the goods were made in the 
trust or not is hardly ever asked them, 
and when it is the buyer generally con- 
cludes to take the machine that suits 
best, provided it is made by union men. 
Whether it is made by union men or not 
seems to be more important with them 
than whether it is made by a trust. 
There can be little doubt, however, that 
the majoritv of union laborers in this 
city go to the stores where they know 
that anti-trust goods are sold in nrefer- 
ence to those made by the A. B. C. 



POOR POLICY OF MAKERS 



Sales to Incompetent Persons Sacrifice 
Machines and Business. 



Ann Arbor, Mich., April 28.— Editor 
Cvcle Age: I think one of the worst mis- 
takes in the cycle trade is the placing 
of agencies in every shanty where a sales- 
man can get a man to sign a contract. 
Think of men trying to sell bicycles who 
don't even know how to ride a wheel, 
and who have no knowledge of what or 
how a wheel is constructed. Taker for ex- 
ample, the ieweler. He handles wat'^hes 
pnd can tell you just how they are made. 
Would you expect to get a good watch 
pt a erocery store? Would you go to 
a hardware store for a good watch? No 
of course not. because it is not In their 
line of business and thev cannot tell 
vou what is wrone with it if it stops 
or something breaks. 

Now go back to the bicycle business. 
Can vou expect to have a tailor tpli 
what to do. or how to do it, if anvthinp- 
goes wTons- with a wheel? He will tpll 
vou that it is well guaranteed bv the 
factorv to send it there and thev will 
mako it right. Ts that the wav to sell 
p bicvcle? Again, supuose these aiieeed 
dpalprs p-pf stuck for two or three 
wheels. If they have sold one or two and 



have made five or ten dollars, they will 
sell the remainder cheap and perhaps put 
out a placard announcing "A $50 wueci 
for $30," or something similar to that. 

Are they encouraging the bicycle busi- 
ness or are they trying to see how fast 
they can kill it off? The man that tries 
to sell them next year can't do any busi- 
ness, because the wheel was offered the 
fall before for ten dollars less than the 
next man could buy them from the fac- 
tory. 

That is the condition of affairs in this 
city — wheels in drug stores, dry goods 
stores, hardware stores, grocery stores 
and barber shops. When will the manu- 
facturers see that it is necessary to find 
competent men to handle their bicycles; 
men who can take them apart and put 
them together again; men who can talk 
about what they are selling, and, if any- 
thing goes wrong, not subject the cus- 
tomer to an enormous express bill to get 
an extra ball put in where one breaks. 
We need a reform in the placing of 
agents and the sooner it comes the better 
for the trade. Yours, etc., 

P. C. Meyer. 



DUBUQUE OUTLOOK BRIGHT 

Dealers Ordered I^arge Stocks Early and 
Expect Good Trade— I<inee Handled. 



The outlook for the bicycle trade this 
season among the retail dealers in Du- 
buque, la., is very favorable for a big 
business, says the Sporting Goods Dealer. 
Nearly all of the firms dealing in bicycles 
placed their orders early and have their 
stock completed, and are ready for busi- 
ness at the opening of the riding season. 

The following is a list of some of the 
firms and the lines they will handle: 

W. W. Whelan, 1135 Main street, the 
Cleveland, Columbia, Pierce, Fowler, 
Niagara, Rialto, Westfield, Pennant, Nox- 
all and Vedette. 

Walter B. Baumgartner, 962-972 Main 
street, the entire Featherstone line and 
others. 

F. M. Jaeger & Co.. 768 Main street. 
Imperial and others. 

Miller & Munsell, 1017 Main street. Na- 
tional. Phoenix, Monarch. Crosby, Peer- 
less, Andrae and Pathfinder. 

Charles A. Noyes, Sterling and Cres- 
cent. 

J. G. Becker & Co., 2181 Couler avenue. 
Rambler and Ideal. 

G. F. Kleih. 1333-1337 Clay street, the 
Manson, March-Davis, Dixy, Elk and 
Earl. 

Mr. Whelan and Munsell & Miller are 
exclusive bicycle dealers and repairers. 
Many new articles in bicycle sundries are 
being shown, especially in lamps and au- 
tomatic brakes. 



Threats by Trust Salesmen. 
The following item, relative to the 
methods employed by trust salesmen, is 
clipped from The Republican, of West 
Chester, Pa.: "Representatives of firms 
which have their wheels entered in the 
trust, have found it difl^icult to canvass in 
this locality. There is not the opposition 
to the trust wheels here as in some other 
places where by legislation the wheels are 
not permitted to be sold, but there is 
trouble for their agents nevertheless. One 
of them found it so when he threatened a 
dealer who refused to lay in his line of 
wheels. The agent said if he did not take 
the line he would place it with a man 
who was out of the business. The trust 
prides itself that it not only takes care 
of its agents, but it never makes a con- 
tract with curbstone dealers. When re- 
minded of this rule, the agent gathered 
his wheels and left town without placing 
his orders here." 



10 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



DEALERS^ WEEKLY CHRONICLE 



Assemblers Continue to Build for Local Market — Anti-Trust Senti- 
ment Strong — Promoting Sidepaths 



The Shugers Cycle Co. of Coldwater, 
Mich., has recently purchased additional 
bicycle machinery in Chicago and con- 
templates the erection of an addition to 
its present building. 

Nelson J. Baher of Mystic, R. I., has 
secured the agency for his town for 
Keating bicycles, of which he has re- 
ceived a shipment of fifty. 

J. A. Ceely of Attleboro, Mass., had a 
grand opening of his new cycle store on 
Saturday night, April 21, and the exhibi- 
tion of new models was attended by 
nearly all the riders of the town. 

Cross Bros', cycle factory in Vassar, 
Mich., has been fitted up with new ma- 
chinery and the force of workmen is now 
at work turning out bicycles and doing 
general repair work. Their equipment is 
complete and samples of their work on 
exhibition are said to indicate skilled 
workmanship. 

Almost "Sees the Finish". 

A maker of fittings and sundries has 
written as follows to John S. Newberry 
of Romeo, Mich.: "We have read with 
interest an article in the Cycle Age con- 
cerning your experience with the A. B. 
C. Such shortsighted policy cannot fail 
to be ruinous to them, and we are in- 
clined to think their finish is not very far 
off." --- 

Dealers Promoting Cycle Fath. 

J. T. Williams, San Francisco, Cal. — 
"The cycle dealers of San Francisco are 
making earnest efforts to promote the 
building of a cycle path from San Fran- 
cisco to San Mateo, a distance of twenty 
miles. The proposed route is to run quite 
close to the ocean beach, avoiding the 
heavy grades which the wheelmen must 
contend with if they use the present 
county roads in riding to San Mateo or 
San Jose. A committee has been ap- 
pointed by the dealers, who will take the 
initiative, and much good work is expect- 
ed from them. 

"Mr. Ezra Kirk of Toledo has been en- 
joying a four days' visit in San Fran- 
cisco. 

"H. A. Lozier, Sr., is enjoying daily 
rides on cycle path in Golden Gate park, 
declaring it the finest in the world. 

"Dealers report trade not as brisk in 
April as in the month of March." 

Changeable Bevel Gear Almost Ready. 

A. H. Jocelyn, Brooklyn, N. Y.— "We 
are about prepared to bring out the Joce- 
lyn changeable bevel gear, a description 
of which was published in the Cycle Age 
of March 23, 1899. We have made a few 
desirable changes and have other appli- 
cations on file. The weight will be less 
than that of other chainless machines, 
as the strain is equal on each side. 

"Enclosed please find subscription. I 
am much interested in your paper, as It 
keeps thoroughly up to date." 

Trade Circles Contracted. 

East Liverpool, Ohio, has not as many 
dealers this season as formerly. The 
druggists and furniture dealers have 
dropped bicycles. Rex & Dean, proprie- 
tors of the Novelty Machine Works, re- 
port that their principal business is ma- 
chine work and model making. Last 
year, however, they sold between forty 
and fifty machines. They express the 
opinion that the trust will be disap- 
pointed in the amount of business il will 



do in that town. The principal demand 
seems to be for the $50 machines. Rex 
& Dean have just replaced an old steam 
eugine with a gas engine. They carry, as 
side lines, incandescent gas burners and 
accessories. 

Anti-Trust Posters in Demand. 

The Charles Thatcher Co., Waterbury, 
Conn.— "We note the 'Not Made by a 
Trust' page in last issue of Cycle Age and 
would say we haven't a trust wheel in 
our place nor in our branches. We would 
thank you to send us about 100 and we 
will see that they are all used to good 
advantage. 

"We enclose herewith a little slip we 
got up and had circulated about the city. 
It will show you where we stand in the 
matter. We are pleased to see where you 
stand in the matter and to note that you 
are not afraid to let it be known." 

The pamphlet referred to is a four-page 
affair bearing the title, "Dangerous to 
Bicycle Riders," and containing an argu- 
ment against monopoly and the attempt 
of the trust to extort a royalty. 

"A Dandy Bunch" of I,ines. 

E. B. Sterne, Indianapolis, Ind. — "On 
page 826 of the April 19th issue you have 
an elegant good thing. Send me a stack, 
please. I have eight large windows, 12x8 
feet. As you well know I^am Anti-Trust 
^terne to the backbone. 

"I handle the National, Pierce, Dayton, 
Wolff-American, Adlake and my own 
make, the Tuxedo. It's a dandy bunch 
and up to the present time I am doing 
the business of the town. Saturday, 
March 31, I sold sixty-two bicycles; Sat- 
urday, April 7 (raining), twenty-three; 
Saturday, April 14 (raining), seventeen. 

"Down with the trust, I say. Keep up 
your good work." 

Makes Machine Work a Specialty. 
H. M. Gates is a repairman of repute at 
Houlton, Me., and practically keeps the 
whole of Aroostook county in i-epair. 
Alost of the small repairmen in adjoining 
towns send him their machine work. 
Owing to the shortness of the season, 
however, he does not find the business 
entirely satisfactory. Two hardware con- 
cerns sell most of the machines used in 
Houlton. 

Builds for I<ocal Market. 

The factory of Bittenbender & Co., of 
126 and 128 Franklin avenue, Scranton, 
Pa., occupies three floors of the building. 
The Scranton line, which is eulogized by 
the local press, consists of three chain 
machines at $30, $40 and $50 and a chain- 
less at $75. The guarantee is liberal. 
The regular finishes are a black frame 
with silver stripe and blue head and blue 
frame with black head. Rims enameled 
to match in same colors. 

Encouraged by Success. 

B. F. McLeod of Bakersfield, Cal., who 
claims to have the leading shop in his 
county, has assembled a few machines 
during the past two years. Last year he 
turned out twenty. To this shop he has 
recently made an addition, 15x40 feet. 
He is encouraged by the way his ma- 
chines have stood the test and expects a 
steady increase. His prices range from 
$35 to $75. The local paper recently de- 
voted a column to a description of Mr. 
McLeod's business. 

L. S. Johnson of St. Petersburg, Fla., 
made four machines last year as an ex- 



periment, but does not expect to continue, 
as he is handling other makes and doing 
repair work. 

George Roberson of Ames, la., is now 
in his fourth year as an assembler, and, 
although his output last year only totaled 
fifteen machines, he expects better things. 
One reason he gives for his belief that the 
assembling business will increase is that 
the public dislikes trusts. An extraordi- 
nary fact in connection with Roberson's 
business is that he sells his bicycles at 
$25, despite the fact that he claims to buy 
parts of the best make. The gentleman 
sold about seventy-five machines, all told, 
in 1899. 

Credit to Whom It is Due. 

C. J. Curtiss, Bridgeport, Conn. — "The 
credit of preparing the repair list in use 
in this city belongs to Messrs. Sammis, 
Brodigan and Manwaring, of the dealers' 
association. Mr. Sammis did great work 
in getting the repairmen to agree to the 
list. I wish, therefore, you would kindly 
correct the article which appeared in your 
issue of April 19, as I had nothing to do 
with preparing the list, and have no wish 
to sail under false colors." 

Trust lyines in Romeo. 

.lohn S. Newberry, Romeo, Mich. — "I do 
not think there is a town in Michigan 
that has hit the A. B. C. harder than Ro- 
meo. In 1899 there were eight lines, since 
absorbed by the trust, sold here — the Co- 
lumbia, Crescent, Waverley, Sterling, 
Monarch, Geneva, Tribune and White. Of 
the eight but two are left. 

"The Crescent agents have retired; like- 
wise the Columbia and Waverley. The 
Monarch man sold his stock to me and I 
shipped it to Detroit and put it in a sec- 
ond-hand !?tore to be sold at cost. The 
Sterling was discontinued by me and the 
White by G. W. Brabb & Co., and at this 
writing the agent has the first sale to 
make on Tribunes and has sold one Ge- 
neva. I have sold and delivered twenty- 
five machines to date and expect to sell 
over one hundred before the season is 
over. If I had received the right kind 
of treatment from the A. B. C. most of 
them would have been Tribunes. 

"All this in a town with less than 2,000 
population. 

"My article in your paper has caused 
considerable talk at home as well as out- 
side. My competitors, who handle Tri- 
bunes, do not subscribe for a trade jour- 
nal of any kind, but rely upon the pub- 
lisher to send them a few sample copies, 
and have sent up to borrow mine so they 
could see the article." 

Firearms a Profitable Sideline. 

There are only two dealers in Colum- 
bus, Miss. — T. J. Cody, who handles the 
Crescent, and James C. Broyles, who sells 
the Cleveland and other machines. The 
latter sold about fifty bicycles last year, 
but does not expect to sell quite so many 
this season, his repair department being 
the most important part of his business, 
besides which he handles guns, pistols 
and ammunition, finding them profitable 
lines. Mr. Broyles considers changes of 
models, except in cases of real improve- 
ment, the height of folly. 

Owensboro, Ky., has now five dealers of 
whom, it is claimed, James Lewis is the 
leader. He handles the Racycle and con- 
ducts a repair shop. W. J. Kern and W. 
A. Guenther & Sons also do repairing, the 
former handling the Patee, National and 
Thomas, and the latter the Stearns and 
Monarch. The Rambler and Crescent are 
handled by A. J. Steitler, while G. & O. 
Parrish have been handling the Victor. 

Assembles the Vincent. 

The Hill Cycle Works of Cleveland is 
an enterprising assembling concern which 
claims to use nothing but the best of ma- 
terial in its product. Its machine is the 
Vincent, sold at $35, and from the list of 
material and equipment furnished is ap- 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



11 




SOMETHING NEW 

The Perfection Chain Lubricator 50c. 

• 

A very convenient and effective tool 
for keeping the chain clean and well 
lubricated. Every Repairman should 
have them in stock. They are easy 
to attach and make the salesman a 
nice profit. Prices in dozen or hun- 
dred lots on application. Write today. 



PATEE BICYCLE CO., PEORIA, ILL. 



Patee Crest 



BICYCLES 



ARE NOT FREAKS, but good, common sense 
machines, built of the best material that money 
will buy, and constructed in the most simple man- 
ner. Good, strong, honest machines, as near 
" Fool Proof " as possible. 

We have no cranky ideas that we are trying 
to intimidate the public into buying. 

We make good, honest, straight stuff that's 
easy to sell because of the elegant finish, and that 
stays sold because of the excellent riding and wear- 
ing qualities, 

Full line— $25, $35, $40 and $50. Drop a 
line for catalogue and agents' prices. 

''Sell machines that sell easy and stay sold,** 

PATEE BICYCLE CO. 



in to US Main Street 



PEORIA, ILLS. 



BAKER & HAMILTON 
. Exclusive Agents Pacific Coast States, San Francisco, Cal, 



WHEN SIGNBOARDS LIE 



The Veeder Cyclometer 
Will Correct Them 
For You. 




• ACTUAL BIZE. 

REGULAR CYCLOMETER) 

Price, $1.00. 

10,000 miles and repeat. Dust-proof, 
water-proof, positive action. Parts 
cannot become disarranged. Cannot 
register falsely unless actually broken. 
No springs. No delicate parts. Made 
for 24, 26, 28 and 30-lnch wheels. 





ACTUAL SIZE. 

"TRIP" CYCLOMETER 

Price, $1.50. 

The small indicator can be set back to 
zero, like a stem setting watch, after 
each trip, without affecting grand 
total on tne large register. Same posl- 
tlTe action as the other famous model. 
Made for 24, 26, 28 and 80-incb wheels. 



Catalozue 
Free 



THE VEEDER MFG. CO., Hartford, Conn. 



Chicago jobbers can secure immediate deliveries from our Chicago Depot, 
T. H. Cranston & Co., 60 Wabash Ave. 



HAKERS OF CYCLOMETERS, ODOMETERS and COUNTING MACHINES. 

European Agents, MABET i CO., LtM., London, Parle, Hambure. 



12 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



parently what the makers claim for it. 
H. H. Hill, formerly of Buffalo, is the 
head of the concern. 

That prospects are good for an exten- 
sive sale of specially built machines is 
the opinion expressed by the Downer Spe- 
cial Wheel Co., of Monmouth, 111. Its 
models consist of thirty and twenty-eight 
inch wheels made up of Thor fittings. 

Buyers Asking for the Best. 

"My trade so far this year," says Geo. 
C. Detch of 210 N. Pennsylvania street, 
Indianapolis, "has increased over any 
year that is past covering the same pe- 
riod. I am going to sell more bicycles 
this year than ever because I have the 
goods and the prices to suit the public. 
It is encouraging to note the fact that 
the prospective customers are paying lit- 
tle attention to the low priced models, 
but are asking for the best grades and 
studying them. I notice that many deal- 
ers are arguing the question of the trust 
and the anti-trust goods. On this ques- 
tion the dealers give the impression that 
the goods made by the trust have ao- 
vanced, but as a matter of fact I am sell- 
ing bicycles made by the trust at from 
$5 to $10 dollars less than last year. 
There is little difference in the price in 
the best grades of trust and anti-trust 
machines. I handle both." 

His line comprises the Olive, Spalding, 
Imperial and Jewell. 

Mr. Detch says that there are few calls 
for chainless machines and that while he 
as well as other dealers carry them they 
will not cut a figure in the sales. He 
compliments the bicycle dealers of In- 
dianapolis in high terms. "Bicycle deal- 
ers of Indianapolis are the cleanest lot 
of men in the business to be found any- 
where," he says, "and this means a good 
deal. They stand shoulder to shoulder 
with one another and sell their goods on 
merits rather than to criticise their com- 
netitors' stock." Mr. Detch expects to 
have several racing men represent his 
line on the track this year and looks for- 
ward to a successful racing season. 

Equipped for AssembUnp-. 

An investment of about SOOO hqs pro- 
vided D. D. Cooper of St. .John, Mich., an 
excellent outfit for repairing and assem- 
bling purposes. He has been making ma- 
chines for the past three years. He made 
forty last season and looks for an im- 
provement this year. He reports that h«^ 
is able to sell his machines at lower nrice^ 
than others of eaual grade, and that they 
are better sellers. 

The Chapman & Sons Mfg. Co. of Rock- 
land, Mass.. manufactures about 1,500 ma- 
chines each season, largely of SpringfieM 
parts. It makes a specialty of what it de- 
scribes as the Chapman patent mud guard 
bracket. 

Will Hang: it in His Store. 

Chas. von Berg, of Le Mars, la., writes 
that a recent editorial on the subject of 
the American Bicycle Co.'s advertising 
strikes a popular chord, and that he in- 
tends to frame the article and hang it in 
his store. 

William Gilmore of Batavia, N. Y.. 
makes the Gilmore Special and does an 
extensive repairing business. He has been 
in Batavia less than a year, but is a 
machinist of twenty years' experience. 

Tiemens & Kooyman of Archer, la., find 
it desirable to buy stripped machines and 
place their own nameplates on them. 
They say that it obviates the necessity of 
carrying a large number of machines of 
various grades. 

For several years Weed & Co. of Buf- 
falo have made the Wolff-American their 
leader, and will continue to do so this 
year, as it has given their customers good 
satisfaction, but in order to be in line 
with the popular movement, have added 
the Spalding chainless and the Pierce 
cushion frame, while the Iver Johnson 



has been adopted to meet the demand for 
medium priced machines. For boys and 
girls they offer the Fay juveniles. The 
sundries department is very complete and 
is one of the most attractive in the store. 

D. L. Eberly, of Strasburg, Va., who 
handles bicycles and sundries, also con- 
ducts a repair shop and manufactures 
Hold-Fast lubricants. 

A report comes from the* North Cycle 
Supply Co. of Minneapolis that its bicy- 
cle business is increasing largely each 
year, and that the outlook for the pres- 
ent season is especially favorable. 



KEEP THE LOAFER OUT 



Scheme to Supply the Repair Shop Door 
With an Invisible I/Ock. 



That repair shop customer and loafer 
who brings with him to the shop an easy 
air of familiarity which passes with con- 
tempt "keep out" signs and warnings 
must be met with talKless strategy. 

Many repair shops have salesrooms in 
front for the reception of customers and 
the accommodation of workless loafers 
and friends. Between such front room 
and the shop it is common to place in the 
doorway a half-door or gate to insinuate 




against entrance, without shutting off en- 
tirely connection between the two rooms. 

But it is very easy for one so inclined 
to reach over a half-door and release the 
latch on the workshop side. Some re- 
pairers have sought to stop such famil- 
iarity on the part of visitors by fitting to 
the door latches with invisible push but- 
ton and false knob. However, such 
locks are now too well known to be ef- 
fective. They are no longer "trick" 
locks. 

In the accompanying illustration is 
shown a scheme which may keep "visit- 
ors" a-guessing for at least one season. 
Under the threshold of the doorway is 
fastened by means of a couple of bolts a 
flat steel spring B. To the free end of 
this is secured at right angles a plate C 
having at each end a short stud E3 adapt- 
ed to project slightly above the floor level 
through a hole cut for the purpose in the 
flooring. A central stud D with rounded 
top projects upward in the same manner 
and is adapted to engage a socket in the 
bottom of the door, this socket being 
protected by a slotted U-shaped strap iron 
A fastened to the door by screws. It is 
obvious that one of the studs F will pro- 
ject above the floor just outside of the 
door and that the other will project in- 
side the door or within the workshop. 
The way in which the curve on the top of 
D runs depends upon wh'ch way the door 
is made to swing. When the proprietor of 
the shop, or anyone else having a right 
to pass through the doorway, desires to 
open the door he steps on one or the 
other of the studs E. according as to from 
which way he is coming and so releases 
the latch just as he is ready to pass 
through. 

When such a lock is applied to a door 
it is well to fit also a regular thumb latch 
1o the upper part of the door — both to aid 
in mystifying visitors and to brace the 



door. A little practice will enable the 
shopman to step up to the door in such a 
manner that he can press with his foot 
upon one of the studs E without making 
the action apparent to onlookers. 



English Dealer's Clever Scheme. 

An ingenious method of enhancing the 
value of one's wares has been discovered 
by a cycle dealer in the city of London. 
His goodly row of machines marked at 
ten guineas each did not have the desired 
effect, owing, perhaps, to the proximity 
of Holborn Viaduct, where a perfect em- 
barras de richesse in this line exists, says 
The Cyclist. So, in order to draw atten- 
tion to his merchandise, he induced his 
neighbor, who was in a different line, to 
place in his window a shop-soiled ma- 
chine of another make. This machine, 
which apparently was not one whit better 
than those labeled next door at ten 
guineas, had attached to it a card bear- 
ing the legend, "Second-hand machine, 
original price twenty-two guineas; sacri- 
fice for thirteen guineas." Those who 
paused toy»view this cycle in its unaccus- 
tomed environment, could not avoid mak- 
ing a comparison between it and the 
smart mounts next door to the evident 
advantage of the latter. This was exact- 
ly what the astute cycle agent had bar- 
gained for, and we hone his ingenuity 
has been fittingly rewarded. 



'Frisco Dealers Elect Officers. 

The fourth annual meeting of the Cycle 
Bonrd of Trade of San Francisco was 
held recently and officers elected for the 
ensuing year. James M. Hamilton was 
re-elected secretary for the fourth term. 
The complete board of officers follows: 
President. W. J. Kenny; vice-president, 
.Tosep^h IJolle; treasurer. .T. W. Cowell; 
secretary James M. Hamilton. Directors: 
Leavitt & Bill, Dunham & Carrigan Co.. 
Fdwin Mohrlg. T. H. B. Varnev, G. W. 
Peyton, Albert Benton, .Tosenh HoPe. 
T. Fames. H. A. Lozier & Co. Pope Mfg. 
Co.. Morgan & Wright, I. P. Allen and C. 
E. Baker. 



Ladies are in the Lead. 
Out in Oregon the ladies are reported 
to have taken the lead in cycling this 
spring. Lee Smith of Dallas. Ore., re- 
ports that the proportion of machines 
sold is four to one in their favor. "Polk 
county," he says, "is all right in the bi- 
cycle business. I have already done al- 
most as much work as I did last sea- 
son. The latter was poor on account of 
an unusual amount of rain. The pros- 
pects are so good that I have moved into 
new quarters and increased my facilities. 
The sales of trust and independent ma- 
chines, so far, are about equal." 



Proud of the Elk Factory. 

A dispatch from Anderson, Ind., says: 
"Andersonians are taking much pride in 
the showing of the Arcade File Works 
Co. Last season this manufacturing cor- 
poration began the manufacture of bicy- 
cles on an extensive scale. It has reached 
out for foreign trade and the fruits of its 
efforts are now being realized. Recently 
a large order of cycles was shipped to 
Constantinople and will be followed this 
week by another to Tokio. Japan. An 
agency has been established at Sydney. 
New South Wales, Australia." 



"Won't Miss a Copy. 

W. L. Vinson, Lufkin, Tex.;— "Find 
enclosed the amount necessary to send 
me the Cycle Age six months longer. I 
have told you before not to let me lose 
a copy and don't you dare fail me. I 
can't do without it." 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



13 



MELANGE OF TRADE ITEMS 



Brevities of Interest to Manufacturers, Dealers, 

Jobbers and Exporters of Bicycles 

and Sundries. 



The importation of bicycles into Servia 
is steadily increasing, many cycle clubs 
having been established of late. I'he 
roads in the interior are very good for 
riding purposes. 

More bicycles are being sold in the in- 
ter-mountain country than ever before, 
according to George M. Scott, of the Wal- 
tham Mfg. Co., who has been on a busi- 
ness trip to Salt Lake City. 

The Elmore Bicycle Co. is building au- 
tomobiles and vapor launches at its fac- 
tory in Clyde, Ohio, and has turned out 
its first vehicle, which is a success. The 
works at Clyde merely assemble the parts. 

In Indianapolis 12,480 bicycle licenses 
had been issued up to April 10, 1,000 more 
than on the same date last year. In the 
face of a belated spring, the increase 
seems to be due to an enlarged interest 
in cycling. 

The four-story building in Chicago oc- 
cupied by Stattler, Bischoff & Co. for the 
manufacture of bicycles, was damaged by 
fire last Friday to the extent of $4,000. 
The heaviest loss was a $2,000 dynamo 
recently installed. 

The small bicycle parts factory of the 
Layton Park Mfg. Co., on Twenty-sixth 
avenue, near Harrison avenue, in Mil- 
waukee, wag closed by the sheriff last 
Thursday on executions in favor of C. L. 
Jacobson, aggregating more than $3,000. 



The Snow Cycle Chain Co. of Syracuse, 
has so many inquiries regarding the man- 
ufacture of chains for automobiles that 
it will look the situation over and in case 
the manufacture of these chains seems 
desirable a new departure will be made. 

John S. Blount, a bicycle dealer at 
Forty-third street and Cottage Grove ave- 
nue, Chicago, appeared in the Hyde Park 
police court charged with having received 
stolen bicycles from Garfield McDonald, 
the wholesale bicycle thief who was re- 
cently arrested. On the request of the 
prosecution the case was continued until 
May 2. 



Century Pathfinder Co. of New York 
city, has been incorporated to deal in 
rights of way, bicycle paths, merry-go- 
rounds, roller coasters, chutes, etc., with 
a capital of $25,000. Directors are Gush- 
ing Stetson, Louis G. Hassell, and H. A. 
Davis of New York city. 



The Superior Cycle Co. of Superior, 
Wis., is shipping its bicycles not only 
throughout the United States but to Eu- 
rope as well. Under the supervision of 
Manager Martin, who is a constant hust- 
ler, the comparatively new department 
of the factory, where machine work and 
pattern making is done, is being con- 
stantly improved. 

Clouse & Shepherd, bicycle dealers on 
E. Eighth street, Chattanooga, Tenn., 
have filed a bill of assignment, naming 
Morris L. Headrick as assignee. The as- 
sets and liabilities are small, being in 
the neighborhood of $700. This firm, com- 
posed of two well known young men, was 



started a year or so ago and did a splen- 
did business for a while. 



The city comptroller of Spokane, Wash., 
had issued 1,854 bicycle licenses this sea- 
son up to April 13. 

The Lozier Motor €o. of Toledo, or- 
ganized for the manufacture of gas en- 
gines and launches after the bicycle por- 
tion of the Lozier business was trans- 
ferred to the A. B. C, is in correspond- 
ence with the authorities of sevei-al towns 
in the neighborhood of New York city, 
with a view to establishing a large plant 
for the manufacture of gas engines, naph- 
tha launches and automobiles. 



NEW ENGLAND REMINISCENCE 



MADE NO MISTAKE 



Growth of Eclipse Cotnpatiy's Coaster Brake 
Business Since Dropping Bicycles. 



When the announcement was made last 
fall that the Eclipse Bicycle Co. had 
given up the building of bicycles, the 
general impression was that a serious 
mistake had been made on the part of the 
management, and that it would also be 
detrinj^ntal to the interests of Elmira, as 
the impression prevailed that a number 
of men would be thrown out of employ- 
ment, says the Elmira Advertiser. In 
both cases the wisdom of the officials of 
the bicycle company has been verified. 
At the time the announcement was made 
the capacity of the Eclipse factory for 
turning out coaster brake hubs was 
about 125 complete brakes per day, and 
in order to produce this number it re- 
quired all of the available machinery in 
the works. As the indications were for 
a very much greater demand than the 
capacity of the works, plans were put 
into operation for increasing the output, 
and as a result more than $20,000 worth 
of machinery has been placed in the fac- 
tory since November. Much of this ma- 
chinery was made especially for the 
Eclipse company and some of it is very 
heavy and expensive. 

Gradually the product has been in- 
creased from the small beginning up to 
the present output of 800 complete coast- 
er brake hubs per day. Notwithstand- 
ing this large output, the orders are con- 
stantly piling up beyond the ability of 
the Eclipse company to take care of them. 
As an evidence of this, on Monday morn- 
ing the company had orders for immedi- 
ate shipment for 9,800 coaster brakes. 

Additional new machinery is being in- 
stalled this week, and it is believed by 
the management that within ten days 
the capacity of the works will have ex- 
ceeded 1,000 per day. Few persons realize 
the great amount of work that has been 
performed to bring the capacity of the 
works to this large output. Not only had 
special machines to be built, but very 
many special tools. In fact, the company 
has been at work since last June working 
on special tools for turning out coaster 
brakes. The demand comes from all parts' 
of the world. 

Fred Fulton arrived in the city yester- 
day from a very extended trip west, go- 
ing as far as the Pacific coast and visit- 
ing all the large cities, while S. A. Camp- 
bell has returned from an extended trip 
south, visiting the principal cities in that 
direction, and both report a great de- 
mand for coaster brake hubs, and the 
prospect encouraging for a continuance 
right through the season. At the present 
time, and in fact for the past five months, 
the Eclipse Bicycle Co. has been working 
a double force of men twenty-two hours 
per day, and now has more employes 
than it did when in the bicycle business, 
except the first year, at which time it had 
COO employes. 



Honored Names of Overman and Love 11 
Now Historical — Trade Metamor- 
phosis Complete. 



Springfield, Mass., April 30. — A com- 
parison of the personnel of the New 
England trade of today with that at the 
beginning of the epoch which was ushered 
in three seasons, ago by the collapse in 
prices of chain-driven bicycles furnis-hes 
some interesting contrasts. The indivi- 
duality which once characterized the 
trade is gone, and such names as Over- 
man, Hendee, Pope, Spalding, Lovell and 
Very signify but little to the recent con- 
vert to cycling. 

Overman's Chapter in the History. 

The story of the varying fortunes of 
the big makers of five years ago consti- 
tutes an interesting chapter of bicycle 
lore. A. H. Overman, once third in rank 
among bicycle manufacturers, has turned 
to the automobile field to recoup the 
fortune which he made and lost as an 
exponent of cycling. Mr. Overman estab- 
lished a standard of workmanship and 
material in Victor bicycle construction 
which was so well known that less 
scrupulous makers hesitated to build in- 
ferior machines. Mr. Overman was also a 
stanch advocate of maintenance of prices, 
but when he realized that price-cutting 
was to prevail among even the foremost 
makers, he surprised his competitors by 
the vigor with which "lie applied the 
paring knife. 

Keating:, Warwick and Hendee. 

The Keating Wheel Co., which once 
flourished at Holyoke, is undergoing re- 
organization at Middletown, Conn. 
Messrs. Very and Russell, of the War- 
wick Cycle Mfg. Co., have refused to be 
downed by insolvency proceedings, and 
are entering upon a prosperous second 
season under the sign of the Warwick 
Cycle Co. 

George M. Hendee, the old-time racing 
favorite, has built on the ruins of the 
Hendee & Nelson Mfg. Co. a stanch con- 
cern known as the Hendee Mfg. Co., 
which for two seasons has done a thriv- 
ing business in Indian bicycles. 

A I/lfework I,ost. 

A touch of pathos surrounds the recent 
death of Colonel Benjamin Lovell, un- 
doubtedly hastened by the embarrassment 
of the John P. Lovell Arms Co., which 
represented his life work, and has lately 
been absorbed by the Iver Johnson Arms 
& Cycle Co. of Fitchburg. 

The metamorphosis in New England 
may be considered as about completed, 
and, while the days of enormous profits 
will never return, makers who have 
weathered the vicissitudes of the past few 
years apparently have before them a 
period of fair business prosperity. 



Fairbanks Leaves. 

A. C. Fairbanks, whose name has been 
prominent in the wood rim industry for 
many years, is at liberty, having recently 
resigned from the American Wood Rim 
Co., and is ready to negotiate with some- 
one in the same line of business. Mr. 
Fairbanks has something new in con- 
struction, has applied for several patents 
and has thought of forming a new com- 
pany. There are now so few progressive- 
makers in this line that there seems to 
be room for a man of such extensive ex- 
perience. Mr. Fairbanks' address is Brad- 
ford, Pa. 

Would Not Be Without It. 

James Lochrie, of Toronto, writes: 
"Enclosed find check covering subscrip- 
tion. We would not be without the Cy- 
cle Age for three times the amount." 



14 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



USEFUL IN THE FACTORY 



Regular Fund of Information That Is Sel- 
dom Put at Workmen's Disposal. 



Anent the suggestion that technical 
papers be placed in the factory where 
they will be readily accessible to the 
workmen during the noon hour, the Car- 
riage Monthly makes the following re- 
marks: 

"The suggestion is too valuable to al- 
low it to pass unnoticed and the sub- 
ject is worthy of careful consideration 
on the part of proprietors of establish- 
ments. They should remember that 
high-class work can only be had from 
high-class and intelligent workmen. 
Other things being equal, the better in- 
formed a man is the better he will b*> 
able to do his work. Few heads of con- 
cerns are skilled in the details of 
construction and fewer still have the 
time to attend to them if they under- 
stood them. That a superintendent 
should be informed is not enough. The 
best results will be gotten only when 
workmen are furnished with all infor- 
mation possible bearing upon their spe- 
cial departments. They should be given 
the advantage of all new ideas and in- 
ventions, for they are often the best 
judges of the practical value of these 
things. 

"The trade journal is the promoter 
of new ideas, not infrequently the orig- 
inator of them. It is supposed to em- 
ploy a force of mei; trained in their sev- 
eral departments and whose special busi- 
ness is to keep informed as to what is 
going on in their particular industry. 
This information they are supposed to 
make public through the pages of the 
trade journal. New inventions are there- 
in explained and new machinery illus- 
trated, often by the use of efaborat^and 
expensive cuts. New designs and work- 
ing drafts are being constantly furnished. 
These afford the workmen something to 
study over and prevent their getting 
into ruts in their ways of thinking and 
acting. The plea that workmen are fre- 
quently opposed to the introduction of 
anything new in the way of methods is 
undoubtedly due in large measure to the 
fact that they have never been con- 
sulted as to the practicability of the 
methods proposed until the hour when 
they are instructed to proceed with them. 
The better way by far would be to show 
them in advance of that time what spe- 
cial advantage might accrue if such and 
such methods were adopted. 

"Our contemporary says that its sug- 
gestion that trade journals be placed 
where the workmen can get at them 
easily has been adopted by a number of 
establishments, with good results." 



BICYCLES IN ROUMANIA 



Market I,imited by Natural and Social Con- 
ditions—American Machines Preferred. 



Not much can be said of Roumania as 
a market for bicycles. Although this lit- 
tle country, scarcely larger than England, 
exclusive of Wales, contains 5,500,000 pop- 
ulation, the poverty of the masses of its 
people precludes the purchase of many bi- 
cycles, in addition to which the country 
is little adapted topographically to cy- 
cling, large areas along the banks of the 
Danube being of a marshy nature, while 
the eastern section is mountainous and 
broken, the eastern boundary of the coun- 
try following the crests of the Carpathian 
range of mountains, rising to heights of 
more than a mile. 

Despite these untoward conditions, the 
importation of bicycles grew from about 
200 in 1890 to nearly 3,000 annually for 
1897 and 1898. The first bicycles were 
ridden in Roumania in 1888, and in 1890 



the capital. In 1894 and 1895 the impor- 
tations to the capital alone were about 
2,000 each, English machines being the 
favorites, while the French and German 
makes were also represented. Last year 
the importations fell from 3,000 during 
1898 to about 1,900, but most of these were 
of American manufacture and were of the 
medium grade, having gained ascendency 
because of their lower cost than the Eu- 
ropean makes. 

The demand in Roumania is for cheap 
bicycles of substantial construction. The 
natives greatly like bright colored fin- 
ishes and also demand high gears. De- 
tachable tires are solely preferred. La- 
dies' machines are very little used, only 
twenty-one being sold in Bukharest last 
year. Bicycles are used by the postal and 
telegraph departments, 250 having been 
purchased since 1894. The duty on com- 
plete machines is only $1.60 each. Owing 
to the present crisis extending through- 
out the country, it is thought the impor- 
tation of bicycles will not amount to more 
than 1,000 machines this year. 



GERMANS WILL WAIT 



OFFICERS VERY URBANE 



Propose to Sell ThompsonviUe A. B. C. Fac- 
tory to Citizens Whose Gift it .Was- 



Springfield, Mass., April 30. — The clos- 
ing week of April finds retail trade gen- 
erally in a satisfactory state. Favorable 
weather has undoubtedly swelled sales 
throughout the valley. Makers as a rule 
are proceeding cautiously and the pres- 
ent outlook is that comparatively few bi- 
cycles will be carried over for disposal 
at cut prices next season. 

A delegation of ThompsonviUe, Ct, 
citizens recently waited upon the officers 
of the A, B. C. in New York to learn the 
future status of the Lozier factory at 
ThompsonviUe. The delegation was re- 
ceived with extreme unction and returned 
to its native village with glowing de- 
scriptions of the urbanity of the office 
men of the A. B. C, which has offered to 
sell the inhabitants of ThompsonviUe 
the buildings which were given outright 
to the Loziers. 

The mania for cutting tires, disfiguring 
and otherwise damaging bicycles is un- 
precedentedly strong in Springfield this 
season. So many cases are reported to 
the police that examples are likely to be 
made before long of the first offenders 
caught. 



Phlegmatic Teutons Not Yet Ready to Try 
Free Wheel and Brake. 



Berlin, April 20. — Free wheels do not 
find favor in the eyes of the stolid, cau- 
tious German, who prefers watching oth- 
ers experiment with novelties to risking 
anything himself. A large cycle firm ex- 
hibited some very fine free wheels in the 
windows of its Berlin agency a few weeks 
ago, but they w^ere passed almost un- 
noticed by the great majority. One of 
the first free wheels brought into Berlin 
was a Dayton, the property of an Ameri- 
can, who has done considerable riding on 
the splendid roads of which Berlin and 
its vicinity can boast. 

Prince Herbert Bismarck, the mediocre 
son of a great father, is an enthusiastic 
cyclist and has repeatedly shown his 
good sense in the choice of his mount, 
naturally one of German make, although 
it is not so very long since the Humbers, 
Columbia and Cleveland were considered 
the only mounts worthy of carrying the 
members of the Berlin upper classes, but 
the sale of all three machines has de- 
creased considerably in Berlin. 

The slump in American machines may 
be placed at the door of some unscrupu- 
lous manufacturers in the United States, 
who seemed to consider Germany a fit- 
ting place to dump all their lead-piping 
and who have completely ruined trade for 
the better foreign makes. The German 
newspapers, too, commenced a violent 
tirade against the American machines, 
naturally singling out the very poorest 
makes to point their moral with, and 
these two powerful factors have led to 
the steady decrease in the demand for 
American bicycles. 

The manufacturers of Germany are 
keeping a jealous eye on the promised in- 
vasion of Hungary by American bicycle 
manufacturers afid will do their utmost 
to meet all foreign tactics. 

There are 472 cycle businesses in Ber- 
lin. Fifty-seven of this number are 
wholesale firms, only three are general 
agencies, and the others are ordinary re- 
tail stores. The number of cyclists Ber- 
lin possesses is estimated at 120,000. 

Trade is at a very low ebb in Germany 
at present. 



HAS GROWN RAPIDLY 



Manager's Side of Strike Story. 

The gentleman who formerly officiated 
as manager of the Brown & Smith fac- 
tory objects to some of the statements 
made by the firm in connection with the 
late strike. In a letter to the Cycle Age 
he says: 

Brown and Smith engaged the writer last 
October to secure necessary tools to equip 
a factory to manufacture the White Star 
lamp. I did the designing of the lamp, fit- 
ted up the -shop and took care of adver- 
tising and correspondence. In January I 
decided that the screw thread was a failure 
and devised the spring snap, which has been 
the success of the lamp. During February 
and March 2,135 lamps were completed and 
none were spoiled. If working from 7 a. m. 
to 11 p. m. and every Sunday was consid- 
ered not working in the interest of the firm, 
then am I guilty. The present manager 
had only been in the works two months. 
If ever there was a set of men that deserved 
to be complimented for their good work the 
ment at the factory do. 

There has not been one man or boy that 
has gone back to work and there will be 
none so far as I know. Mr. Brown has 
acknowledged before witnesses that he had 
nothing at all against the writer, who was 
the real president, vice-president, secretary, 
manager, superintendent, foreman and 
workman. I merely wish to publicly set 
myself right before my friends. 



Wheeler Mfg. Co.'s Output for First Year 
^ Estimated to Reach 50,000. 



One of the Detroit papers recently de- 
voted considerable space to a description 
of the plant and products of the Wheeler 
Mfg. Co., from which it is learned that, 
in the opinion of the writer, few manu- 
facturing institutions in that city have 
developed more rapidly. The company 
was incorporated last November and 
commenced the manufacture of its Regu- 
lation saddles at 12 and 14 Baltimore ave- 
nue. The factory gives employment to 
thirty men, and it is estimated that the 
output for the first year will be 50,000 
saddles. 

There is a branch in Toronto under the 
management of H. P. Davies. The officers 
of the company are as -follows: Stephen 
B. Hartnell, president; F. S. Wheeler, 
vice-president; W. C. Rands, treasurer, 
and T. J. Beaubien, secretary. 

Both Mr. Wheeler and Mr. Beaubien 
were formerly with the old Wheeler Sad- 
dle Co., now owned by the American Sad- 
dle Co. Both remained with that con- 
cern until the factory was removed 
from Detroit. Mr. Hartnell and Mr. 
Rands are also connected with the firm of 
W. C. Rands & Co., one of the representa- 
tive bicycle houses of Detroit. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



15 




SANGER EXTENSION BAR 

JUST OUT 



PLAIN OR EXPANDER 




it 



TRULY 



ADJUSTABLE" 



NOT 



S^Y REVERSIBLE 



NEEDN'T remove grip to change from up to down — 



SANGER HANDLE BAR CO. : MILWAUKEE, WIS. 



16 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



PROBLEM OF THE COASTER BRAKE 



Seventh Article in Series Upon the Mechanical Topic of the Hour 
— More American Devices Described 



The Nester coaster brake operates by 
means of brake levers instead of the pair 
of friction disks more common to Amer- 
ican brakes. Two roller clutches whose 
rollers are backed by springs control thj 
operation of the device. 

The sprocket A travels on a thick ring 
nut B used to lock the brake disk C to 
the hub barrel. Rollers D of the inner 
clutch run in the inclined grooves of the 
ring B screwed to the hub barrel and 
locked in place by a nut F, which also 
serves as a support for the outside edge 
of the sprocket A. Screwed to the inner 
side of the sprocket ring is the brake 
clutch ring G carrying rollers H. These 
rollers are adapted to engage the inner 
periphery of the brake ring J when the 
rider back pedals. In this ring J are a 
pair of incline notches K which engage 
lugs L on the extremities of the brake 
levers M M'. The outside faces of the ex- 
tremities of the brake levers M M' are ad- 
jacent to the brass lined inner periphery 
of the annular flange N of the brake 
disk C. 

When the rider back pedals the driving 
clutch is released and rollers H of the 
brake clutch run up their inclines and 
lock against the ring J. This ring is 




Txt (rut Aar^ 

Nester Coaster Brake Mechanism. 

thus carried in backward rotation with 
the sprocket and the lugs L on the brake 
levers M M' are forced outward on ac- 
count of their now moving engagement 
with the inclines K on the ring J. A 
spring between the brake levers ahead of 
their hinge acts to return their braking 
extremities to normal position when back 
pressure on the pedals has ceased. 

The brake includes several other minor 
parts such as cover rings, washers, etc. 

The especial points of advantage 
claimed for this coaster brake by its 
maker, the Nester Coaster & Brake Co., 
of Buffalo, N. Y., are: 

"There is no lost motion in forward 
pedaling nor back lash in applying the 
brake on account of instantaneous action 
of the spring backed roller clutches. 

"The brake disk being more than usu- 
ally large the strain on the spokes is re- 
duced. 

"In applying the brake the pressure is 
not brought against the hub bearings." 

Hinckley Band Brake. 

In the Hinckley brake the driving 
clutch is of the ball and incline variety 
while the brake clutch furnishes a posi- 
tive action through the medium of a 



hinged dog and operates a small band 
brake contained within the brake box or 
cover. 

The clutch ring B is screwed to the hub 
barrel and contains inclined grooves A 




7^£6>ir/c/}o£ 



Hinckley Brake and Clutcli. 
for the reception of the clutch balls C. 
The grooves A, instead of being straight 
inclines as usual in such clutches, are 
curved that the action of the balls may 
be quick and positive. In assembling the 
brake the balls C are inserted through 
radial holes into their respective inclines 
and these holes are then closed with small 
plugs E. There are no springs in the 
clutch. The sprocket travels directly over 
the clutch ring B and has no side flanges, 
being a simple toothed ring. 

The brake band, which is of flat spring 
steel lined with friction fiber, is secured 
at one end to the inner periphery of the 
annular flange of the cup shaped cover K. 
This cover is secured to the hub axle and 
is retained against revolution by a short 
clip engaging the rear fork tube. The 
free end of the brake band F is furnished 
with a cross dog G hinged near its center. 
The inner end of the dog projects over 
the line of travel of the sprocket teeth. 
The outer end engages a small depres- 
sion H in the wall of the cover K. 

When the rider is pedaling forward and 
driving the rear wheel through the en- 
gagement of the driving clutch B, the 
teeth of the sprocket slide past the 
obliquely curved edge of the dog G. Im- 
mediateiy, however, the rider begins to 
back pedal the straight transverse edge of 
G is caught by one of the sprocket teeth 
rnd carried backward. The outer point of 




Melvin Double Clutch. 
G resting in the notch or depression H 
acts as a fulcrum and the dog swings 
back sufficiently to pull the brake band 
F down upon the frictional surface J on 
the end of the hub barrel. 



The Jackson Automatic Coaster &, 
Brake Co. of Jackson, Mich., maker of 
the Hinckley brake, states as one of its 
distinctive points the absence of 
"squeaking" in the application of the 
brake band. It is also pointed aut that 
the band will set and release quickly 
and positively. As this brake releases 
itself it offers the convenience to riders of 
not sticking when a dismount is made 
with the pedal on the lower back quarter 
of its revolution. 

Melvin Lateral Brake. 

The Melvin automatic coaster brake 
relies upon a lateral ball clutch for its 
braking action. It is extremely simple 
and light in its construction. 

The drive clutch ring B screws onto 
the hub as would an ordinary plain 
sprocket. It is furnished with eight 
clutch inclines B and also with a flange 
at its inner side which acts as a lateral 
stop and guide for the sprocket A. In the 
outer face of the sprocket ring A are tour 
circumferentially curved grooves F. Each 
of these grooves is inclined and at the 
deep end of the incline cut through ra- 
dially to the central opening in the 
sprocket ring A. 

The drive clutch acts in the direction 
opposite to that of the ordinary ball and 
incline clutch. The clutch balls C do not 
wedge between the inclines B and the 
inner periphery of the sprocket ring. In- 
stead, they normally occi'.py the opening 
between the laterally inclined grooves F 
in the spi'ocket and the deep ends of four 
respective inclines E of the ring B. 

When the rider pedals forward the 
steep surface of each incline B engages 
its respective ball C and binds it against 




Melvin Coaster Brake Assembled. 

the radially situated end surface of the 
mouth of the groove F. On the other 
hand, when the rider ceases to pedal," as 
m coasting, the hub and its clutch ring 
B overrun the sprocket A and the gradu- 
ally tapered reverse surfaces of the in- 
clines E slide under the balls C, pushing 
them upward through the mouths of the 
respective grooves F. 

The brake portion of the device is 
comprised of a thin plate G and a lock 
nut J. The plate J encircles the hub end 
enclosing the outer face of the sprocket 
ring and lying adjacent to it. G is re- 
tained against rotation by means of an 
extension arm and the usual rear fork 
tube clip. The lock nut J, which acts to 
lock the ring B in position as well as to 
serve as a brake disk, is furnished with 
an annular flange adjacent to the outer 
face of the brake plate or ring G. 

When the rider back pedals balls C of 
the driving clutch are released and run 
up into the grooves F. Balls D, already 
lying in the deep ends of inclined 
grooves F, run up their respective in- 
clines and so force the plate G outward 
into friction engagement with inner face 
of the flange of the lock nut J. The balls 
D are equally spaced and held in position 
for uniform action by a ring ball re- 
tainer H. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



17 



No special hub is required for this 
))rake, as the clutch ring B and the lock- 
ing ring J are furnished to fit the right 
and left threads respectively on stand- 
ard hul)s. The additional weight of his 
brake over an ordinary rear hub is bui. 
two and three-fourths ounces. F. M. 
Smith & Bro., 325 Wabasha street, St. 
Paul, Minn., are the owners of the pat- 
ents and sales agents for the brake in 
the United States. 

New Departure Brake. 

The New Departure coaster brake made 
by the New Departure Bell Co. of Bristol, 
Conn., comprises a specially made hyb 
with the operating mechanism within the 
barrel. Different from all other rear hub 
coaster brakes the brake drum is on the 
left side of the wheel. 

The construction of the various parts 
and their collective arrangement is shown 
in the two accompanying illustrations, 
one of which presents a part sectional 
view of the entire hub and the other the 
arrangement of the brake shoe and oper- 
ating pieces in the brake drum at the left 
side of the hub. 

In operation, when pedaling forward, 
the chain pulls the sprocket G forward, 
carrying with it the threaded driver E 
upon which it is mounted. The end of 
this driver ig cut away at the right to 
show the method of mounting the sprock- 
et. Upon this driver is mounted the 
threaded sleeve D traveling upon the 
spiral threads, as shown. When the driver 
is rotated forward this sleeve travels to 
the right to the point indicated by dotted 




New Departure Brake Assembled. 

line, which brings it into frictional con- 
tact with clutch F, this clutch being 
fixed to hub. This causes the hub to ro- 
tate and the wheel to move forward. 

Wishing to coast, the rider holds his 
feet still on the pedals. Sprocket G and 
driver E then remain stationary, and 
sleeve D follows its spiral thread to the 
left until it is in position shown in the 
illustration. The wheel is now free to 
roast, and will do so while the feet are 
held still upon the pedals, or if feet are 
removed. 

Back pedaling to retard the motion of 
the machine forces the sleeve D into en- 
gagement with the clutch C, which tends 
to rotate backward and striking against 
the pawl L in brake drum opens the 
spring brake shoe until it touches the in- 
terior surface of the brake drum, thus 
causing frictional resistance and check- 
ing the speed of the bicycle. When the 
machine has been sufficiently checked 
and the backward pressure ceased the 
parts will resume the position shown in 
the illustration, and the wheel will coast 
again. As soon as the rider pedals for- 
ward again the sleeve D passes over once 
more to the right into engagement with 
clutch F and drives the wheel forward. 

The makers, when asked to state what 
they considered the most important dis- 
tinctive claims that might be made for 
the New Departure brake, said: 

"The sprocket is firmly seated and does 
not slide around the hub, which construc- 
tion naturally causes friction and wear. 
This affords a perfectly free wheel in 
either direction, and the wheel may be 
spun either forward or backward with 
the pedals absolutely at rest, and with all 
due respect to the claims of some manu- 



facturers that this does not count, we 
tliink it will be found that the average 
rider would like a machine with abso- 
lutely free wheel and one in which the 
Iiedals will remain at rest when the 
coaster mechanism is in operation either 
way. 

"There is an absolutely tight pedal un- 
der foot, that is, the pedals do not hang 




New Departure Brake Shoe and Drum. 

loosely with no connection, but are 
firmly in gear at every point, and can be 
stopped at any point of the revolution 
and will remain there. 

"Any size of sprocket from seven tooth 
up may be applied to this hub. 

"The machine can be trundled forward 
or backward, which cannot be done with 
most devices. This is due to the above 
mentioned point concerning the absolute- 
ly free wheel. A coaster which cannot be 
trundled backward and forward when it 
comes to putting the bicycle in a rack or 
taking it out will often prove very incon- 
venient." 



Where Will It End? 

Like all good things the extension han- 
dle bar is now being adopted by extrem- 
ists who hope to convert it into a novelty 
whose distinctiveness will serve the pur- 
pose of more logical talking points. The 
illustration herewith shows the latest cre- 
ation of the kind. It hails from England, 
allows all manner of adjustment and pro- 
vides tubes in which may be carried 
pump, repair outfit and matches. An um- 




brella attachment might be added with- 
out much damage to the appearance of 
this bar. 



Condensed Milk in Tires. 

To the Editor: — Recently while making 
a country run, when some fifty miles from 
home I experienced the untenable "joy" 
of a blown out tire. I trundled the ma- 
chine down the road a short distance 
to a smithy whose display card named 
a few hundred (more or less) different 



kinds of work which the proprietor was 
willing to undertake, including bicycle re- 
pairing. 

The "all around" genius put three or 
four plugs in the tire but was unable to 
stop the leak entirely. So he presently 
left the shop and me and sauntered into 
his nearby residence. He returned with 
a can of ordinary condensed milk, good 
for coffee, adults and children. He then 
took out the valve and injected the milk 
into the tire. 

After replacing the valve and inflating 
the tire it was found that the condensed 
milk had effectually stopped the leak. 
The milk has now been in the tire for 
a considerable time and seems to act as 
a small leak preventive about as well, 
if not quite, as the ready-made com- 
pounds used for the purpose. As far as 
I know there is nothing in condensed 
milk which will injure rubber and the 
temperature does not seem to affect its 
consistency to any great degree. 

G. L. Renneiskn. 



"What Fools These Mortals Be." 

It comes from England — that is, the 
idea does; the creator is not as yet ready 
to export the completed creation. The 
principal claim of the inventor of this cy- 
cle is that because it has nineteen sets of 
ball bearings it will run as much easier 
than the common bicycle with three sets 
in important revolving parts as nineteen 
is to three. He argues that if three ball 




bearings are a good thing nineteen are 
a lot better. Regardless of the over- 
whelming evidence of this "knock-out" 
proportion mere cursory scrutiny of the 
pictured machine leads one to ask in 
what manner its inventor expects it to 
run even in the slightest degree. The 
initial movement imparted to the rear 
wheel by the immense spur gear is evi- 
dently backward. It may be supposed 
that Mr. Inventor calculates that the 
small wheels on the rim of the main 
drive wheel would change this to forward 
revolution. Instead, however, the small 
rollers, unless they be governed by some 
mysterious Keeley-like motor, will afford 
a standstill home-trainer effect to the 
running of the cycle — that is, if the rider 
can manage to keep the affair on its feet. 
And yet inventors wonder why the pub- 
lic does not embrace their every effort. 



Recently Patented. 

Letters patent have been issued to R. 
E. Brown of Rochester, N. Y., for a fold- 
ing wall bracket which, used in pairs, 
will hold a bicycle securely on end with 
both wheels against the wall. It is in- 
tended for use in cycle storage rooms, 
baggage cars, etc., where economy of 
space is desirable. 



A patent has been allowed to J. B. 
Nichols of Washington, D. C, for a fold- 
ing mud guard frame adapted to receive 
a thin rubber or other flexible covering. 
The frame is of wire. 



The sale of bicycles Is said to have 
been lighter in St. Joseph, Mich., this 
spring than for a number of years, due 
largely to the fact that the streets are iu 
very bad condition for riding. 



18 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



PATENT OFFICE PICKINGS 



Questionable Puncture Locator — Latest Form of Thickened Tread 
Single Tube — Meritorious Crank Hanger 



Though there are plenty of inventors in 
the country who possess the nerve and 
the self-assurance to tackle complicated 
mechanical problems there is also a large 
assortment of aspiring embryo geniuses 
who confine their rambles into the land 
of improbable possibility to the narrow 
limits of such simple propositions as may 
be conceived mentally as a whole without 
the aid of even a drawing board. For in- 
stance, it is much easier on the mind to 
give birth to a freak bicycle tire than to 
bring into life a complicated chainless 
driving mechanism. 

Taking it for granted that both exam- 
ples prove equally worthless and absurd 
after the manner of ordinary invention, 
the man who, in the course of his strug- 
gles to become a successful inventor, 
dares to gamble the quiet of his days (and 
nights) against the working out of the 
more intricate abortion deserves the 
credit at least of not being a coward. 

Many bright men invent simple things. 
Such inventions are the result of spon- 
taneous thought. Such inventors are 
generally the successful inventors. 

He who sets out deliberately to invent 
and cautiously doles out second-class 
thought and study on some proposition 
which requires as a foundation neither 
•mechanical nor mathematical learning is 
in most cases the insipid creator of an 
insipid creation. To this class belong the 
hundreds who are constantly rushing to 
hia majesty the patent commissioner 
with "anatomical" saddles, cycle sup- 
ports, puncture-proof tires and cushion 
hubs. 

It is pretty nearly safe to guess, when 
a commercially successful invention of 
simple character is brought to notice, 
that it was not brought forth as the logi- 
cal result of forced thought; the idea 
just "struck" some one; it simply "came," 
and proved a good thing; it claimed none 
of the formalities of a long expected 
birth. 

The man who cannot shake the desire 
to invent and yet is not capable mentally 
to reach out for more than simple every- 




Roney's Puncture Locator. 

day absurdities is sometimes funny; he 
is also sad, as well, and deserving of pity. 
Pity is all the solace that can be offered 
him. Advice will ne'er avail. Criticism 
has no sting for him. Failure he will 
always excuse. Profit he will never get. 

Hails From Canada. 

The fact that Toronto, Canada, is the 
home of E. S. Roney is entirely irrelevant 



to the subject of his recently patented 
tire, but the writer can think of nothing 
kinder to say concerning the doings of 
said Mr. Roney. Personally he may be 
a gentleman and an honor to his commu- 
nity; as an inventor it is impossible to 
render just description without becoming 
libelous. 

His invention provides a tire with com- 
bined purposes; it affords what is sup- 




i^mumiumiiWMwmiiiDL 



Parks' Single Tube Tire. 

posed to be a convenient attachment to 
the rim and means for locating punctures. 

If Mr. Roney had quit when he had fin- 
ished the attachment part of his tire he 
would be safer in the hands of the crit- 
ics. The attachment (the tire is of the 
double tube detachable type) amounts 
simply to such outer casing structure 
that one flap may be securely cemented to 
the rim and the edge of the other hooked 
into it. This is not highly original, but it 
is in a measure practicable. 

The Roney puncture locator operates 
much the same as the time honored "put 
salt on his tail" bird catching scheme. If 
one knows where the puncture is he 
should have no difficulty in locating it. 

Between the inner tubo and the outer 
casing is placed a circumferential strip 
of thin black rubber. It may be cement- 
ed along one edge to the outer casing. 
The inner tube is made of white rubber. 
When the tire has been punctured and«all 
the air leaves and the rider has dismount- 
ed and loosened the detachable edge of 
the casing he proceeds to take the edge 
of the thin strip of rubber in his fingers 
that he may stretch it laterally. In so 
doing he will enlarge the hole which 
must necessarily have been made in this 
strip by the instrument, point or other 
thing which punctured the inner tube. 
When the hole has been enlarged suffi- 
ciently a white spot will show on account 
of the inner tube becoming visible 
through the hole. That's whei-e the punc- 
ture is. 

The reader is welcome to help Mr. 
Roney to figure out the chance this 
scheme has of working in actual practice. 

Single Tube Tire. 

F. B. Parks of Grand Rapids, Mich., has 
devised a single-tube tire with the double 
purpose of offering more than usual re- 
sistance to puncture and of being peculi- 
arly well adapted to hold in an effective 
manner any suitable rubber preservative. 

Along the tread side of the inner wall 
is placed a thickness of semi-vulcanized 
rubber, about one-fourth or three-quar- 
ters of an inch thick. This is serrated 
circumferentially in such a manner that 
when the tire is formed the lines of ser- 
ration will be practically radial in rela- 



tion to the cross section of the tire. The 
projecting ribs or laminations thus 
formed will be pressed close together and 
tend to hinder the passage of air out 
through holes that may be made in the 
tread portion of the tire. 

The inventor reasons that the pressure 
of the air within the tires will always 
tend to pack the rubber in this serrated 
strip and so fill small punctures made 
through it as well as lessen the chances 
of air escape through punctures in the 
upper portion of the tire wall. 

It is further pointed out by the inven- 
tor that with this construction any liquid 
or semi-liquid rubber preservative that 
may be introduced into the tire will read- 
ily incorporate itself with the lamina- 
tions of soft rubber in such a manner as 
to prevent decarbonization by atmospher- 
ic contact. It may at least be imagined 
that should this tire receive enough punc- 
ture to require plugging the repair would 
be a difficult performance. 

Ludlow's Crank Hanger. 

The crank hanger shown in ;;hc accom- 
panying illustration combines both safety 
and convenience. Many "two-piece" 
crank groups are in reality three-piece; 
to each crank is integrally formed a por- 
tion of the shaft; these shaft sections are 
locked more or less securely withm a 
sleeve. In this bracket, which is the in- 
vention of W. L. Ludlow of Cleveland, 
each crank is attached to a crank axle 
approximately full length. One of these 
shafts is made in the form of a sleeve 
and the other is a stud so that they are 
adapted to be drawn on to each other, the 
stud within the sleeve. The strains on 
the assembled shaft are thus received by 
both for substantially the entire width of 
the hanger. 

Near the base end of the stud shaft is 
formed a conical surface or taper. In 
this are milled, or otherwise cut, a plu- 
rality of longitudinal tapering grooves. 
The bottoms of these grooves do not con 
stitute as steep a taper as the couical s^r- 
■ face in which they are cut. 

The open end of the sleeve forming the 
other section of the shaft is f.apered to 




Ludlow's Two-piece Hanger. 

match the conical surface on the stud. 
Back of the taper its bore fits snugly 
over the parallel portion of the stud. In 
the free end of the sleeve are maje a sc- 
ries of indentions which form integral 
taper ridges on the inner tapermg suiiace 
of the sleeve wall. The ridges are ar- 
ranged in number, location and size to 
match the grooves in the conical surface 
of the stud and are accordingly of a less 
steep taper than the two matching cylin- 
drical taper surfaces of the axle parts. 

Thus when the two parts jf the axl3 
are drawn tightly together, by means oi 
the nut on the end of the stud, the ribs 
lock into the grooves but the nLernal ta- 
per on the sleeve does not bind against 
the external taper of the stud, except at 
the grooves .and ribs. The inventor's 
reason for providing against binding en- 



Supplement to THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW. 




MADE BN 

THE B. E. GOODRICH COMPANY, 

Akron Rubber Works, 
AKRON, OHIO, U.S.A. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



19 



gagement of the taper surfaces except at 
the ribs and grooves is that by so doing 
it becomes easier to separate the parts 
whenever necessary. 

By mal<;ing the engaging internal ribs 
of the sleeve in the form of integral dents 
bent in from the outside, a very liimple 
and cheap construction is provided. 
These dents may be simply swaged in 
with a die on a mandrel or inner die cor- 
responding in shape to the male member 
of the crank at this point, and it is un 
necessary to mill or otherwise finish their 
inner surfaces. The sleeve is simply first 
bored out conical and then tne dents 
swaged,, and the operation is finished. 

Mentioned Briefly. 

United States letters patent have been 
issued to Olaf Pihlfeldt of Birmingham, 
England, for the B. S. A. back pedaling 
rim brake now manufactured and mar- 
keted in England by the Birmingham 
Small Arms company. 

J. W. Owen of Ithaca, N. Y., is the in- 
ventor of a back pedaling tire brake 
whose brake shoe operating mechanism 
is arranged at the crank hanger. The 
free wheel clutch on the rear hub is of 
the pawl variety. 



PITCH OF BAR GRIPS 



Different Positions Require Different Angles 
—Two Cases Illustrated. 



To the Editor: — It is sometimes ad- 
vertised by those selling adjustable bars 
of the type which divide in the center and 
are adapted to be raised or lowered on 
each side, that this style of adjustable 
may be placed in any position from the 
lowest drop to the extreme upturn with- 
out affecting the pitch of the hand grips. 
This claim is made in contradistinction 
to the "one piece" adjustable whose ad- 
justment is made by turning the bar 
bodily in the head at the top of the 
stem. Is this claim correctly taken as 
an advantage? Should the grips remain 
altvays at the same angle regardless of 
the height of the bar? I think not. 

In Fig. 1 of the accompanying illus- 
trations is shown a bar of standard type 
placed both as a low drop and as a high 
upturn. When the rider has the bars 
away down for scorching, his shoulders 
are forward on the machine and his arms 
extend approximately vertically down- 
ward. With the bar shown in Fig. 1 he 




7^ Cyt^£' 



Fig. 1. 

is forced to bend his wrists upward to 
lieep his hands on the gnps. When one 
is sitting up on a machine with the bars 
raised his shoulders are considerably 
farther back, his hands higher and his 
arms extended obliquely ahead. With the 
grips at the same angle as before he must 



bend his wrists downward to keep his 
hands in place. Thus at neither the low 
nor the high position are his wrists 
straight in line with his hands — the cor- 
rect position for comfort, especially dur- 
ing long rides. 

Suppose that a bar were made as in 
Fig. 2 with the grips at such an angle 
that when the bar is at its low position 
they will be nearly horizontal. They 
then correspond with the line of the rid- 




,,.^'<r>«'^^^»^ 



f'ii?- 2. 



er's arms, so that his wrists do not have 
to be bent. When the bar ig reversed 
and the grips are in their high position 
they will have as much more downward 
rake as they had less in the other case 
and will, here too, accommodate the rid- 
er's arms, wrists and hands in the most 
comfortable fashion. The change from 
extreme to extreme through intermediate 
adjustments will regulate itself gradu- 
ally, the pitch of the grips changing in 
accordance with the height of the bar and 
the consequent line of the rider's arm. 

This subject may be a small one but 
the very fact that riders are constantly 
noticed shifting their hands to various 
points on the handle bars shows that the 
average bar does not afford a grip posi- 
tion which is comfortable for any length 
of time. L. G. A. 

Case Hardening Method. 

In the specifications forming part of 
letters patent granted him recently a 
German describes a method of case hard- 
ening steel which he claims to be very 
satisfactory. It differs from the usual 
cyanide of potassium method employed 
commonly when case hardening small 
pieces in that before the cyanide is ap- 
plied the part to be hardened is treated 
with a coating intended to render the ac- 
tion of the cyanide upon the steel as uni- 
form as possible. 

The coating consists of purified chalk 
and varnish; but the chalk may be re- 
placed by clay, oxide of zinc, and other 
substances that do not burn down in the 
fire. The oxide of zinc may be mixed 
with filings of lead, when a solid crust 
will be obtained, resulting from the melt- 
ing of the lead. 

When the steel to be hardened, after 
having been coated with the protecting 
mass, is heated, together with.this mass, 
the varnish, that merely forms a kind of 
a cementing medium, burns and a hard, 
porous cover remains. During the fur- 
ther heating of the steel with this hard 
porous cover the cyanide of potassium 
strewn upon that cover passes into and 
through the pores of the latter and dis- 
tributes its action uniformly upon the 
surface of the steel, because the pores are 
uniformly distributed over and through 
the hard cover formed by the protecting 
mass. 

With the process the cyanide is mixed 
with coarse salt, the mixture of the two 
being in about equal parts. 



ELFIN 
Bicycles 



The Best 
Selling of 
the Year 
I s N w 
Just Ahead 



— during the months 
of May and June 

Also the best months for 
good roads, green grass, fiow= 
ers, Spring tonic, and fresh air. 

Advertise and talk YOUR 
tonic and fresh air — a Juve- 
nile Bicycle. 

Put an Elfin or two in every 
home where the small boy or 
girl exists. They need the out 
door freedom a bike gives— 
and the exercise — it's better 
than Spring medicine — or 
toys. 

If you haven't the ELFIN 
you'll want to know WHY it's 
the Standard Juvenile of the 
World. Send for Art Catalog 
— tells all the story. And 
don't put it off any longer. 
Send tO'day. 

Frazer & Jones Co. 

250 Walton St. 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

Makers 



J 



20 



THE CYCLe AGE AND TfiADE REVIEW 



INFORMATION FOR BUYERS 

The purpose of this department Is to present information that wU be of interest and positive value to pnrchaser» of everything that is 
made In the bicycle and allied lines. It is especially desired to illustrate and describe new articles as soon as they are brouKht out; to explain 
improvements in machines and parts, fittings, shop appliances and supplies; to announce the lines of newcomers Into the trade, changes in 
policy of the well known houses, the opening of new selling agencies; to report from time to time the success which articles in the market are 
meeting, and to announce the issuance of catalogues, price lists and other useful trade publications. Manufacturers and jobbers are asked to 
help in making this department fulfill the purpose out Heed by sending promptly to the Cycle Age information of the character named, together 
with samples or illustrations of new articles. By forwarding matter that will be of real interest and value to possible customers, they can 
assist in making the Information for Buyers department a comprehensive medium between seller and buyer and a weekly review of these fea- 
tures of the cycle industry. 



Pifpetoal Pedal Robbers. 

The accompanying illustration shows the 
self-locking pedal rubber which has been 
recently brought out by the Edmonds, Met- 
zel & Cole Mfg. Co., 253 South Canal street. 
Chicago, maker of the well known Per- 
petual pedal. This rubber tread is exceed- 
ingly simple and can be attached to a pedal 
by anyone. One or both sides of a pedal 




^^5^Z^.^^ 



may be equipped with the rubber and when 
the plate has been once attached new rubber 
treads may be inserted in a moment at any 
time. The plate is always retained in posi- 
tion and the nut is locked against the plate 
so that one turn of a screwdriver secures the 
rubber tread. The company reports contin- 
ued sales of Perpetual pedals and asserts 
that the removable barrel Is a feature which 
is everywhere appreciated. 



Gaining Favor Rapidly. 

The Bishop & Babcock Co., Ill Klrtland 
street, Cleveland, states that it is meeting 
with gratifying success in the introduction 
of its Columbia automatic tire inflator, al- 
though the Inflator has been advertised and 
before the trade for but two weeks. In- 
quiries for this apparatus received at the 
Cleveland office alone for the week ending 
April 26 came, it isireported, from twelve 
different states. A machine in front of the 
cycle store of Collister & Sayle, Cleveland, 
took in over $3 the first week, three days of 
which were rainy. 



Iver Johnson and Kilpatrick. 

The New York Sunday World of April 15 
contained a very interesting story about 
Charles G. Kilpatrick's daring ride down a 
steep stairway or ladder at a circus. Many 
people in the cycle business are familiar 
with the dangerous riding constantly per- 
formed by the intrepid one-legged trick rid- 
er and also with the fact that for years he 
has ridden nothing but an Iver-Johnson bi- 
cycle made by Iver Johnson's Arms and Cy- 
cle Works of Fitchburg, Mass. 



Andrae Coaster Brake Tandems. 

Predicting a demand for bicycles equipped 
with coaster brakes, the Julius Andrae Sons 
Co. of Milwaukee made arrangements early 
last year to furnish the equipment on its 
entire line of models. This includes every 
style of Andrae tandem. J. C. Schmldtbauer, 
sales manager of the Andrae company, says: 
"As an experiment I rode an Andrae tandem 
equipped with a coaster brake during Sep- 
tember and October of last year and found 
It so very satisfactory and pleasing that we 
decided to offer it as a regular equipment 
for our big machines. As a consequence, 
late last fall we Issued literature to all of 



our agents announcing the fact, and if any- 
one will take the trouble to refer to our 
catalogue, he will find that the coaster and 
brake is included in our description of An- 
drae tandems. Our catalogue was issued 
early this season. I think we are the first 
to offer tandems so equipped. 

The Andrae company has made several 
shipments of tandems on which the coaster 
brake was specified, and in Milwaukee alone 
there are said to be no less than seven An- 
drae tandems thus equipped. From all re- 
ports it is serving its purpose exceptionally 
well. 



'•Private Push Cards." 

The Waltham Mfg. Co. of Waltham, Mass., 
has issued its Orient Bulletin nunvber 22 in 
the form of a folding postal card which is 
facetiously labeled on the outside "Private 
push card." Its contents are for the purpose 
of giving the recipient a tip on recent race 
winnings made on Orient bicycles and moto- 
cycles with frames of brass lined clincher 
tubing. The Orient people deserve com- 
mendation for their original and persistent 
methods of advertising Orient merit, me- 
chanically, commercially and "sportingly." 



Labor Saving Machines. 

The Garvin Machine Co., Spring and Va- 
rick streets, New York city, has issued a 
new catalogue of its large line of machine 
tools. The Garvin product includes univer- 
sal and plain milling machines, screw ma- 
chines, hand and chucking lathes, tapping 
machines, drill presses, cutter grinders, 
forming machines, gear cutters, profilers, 
etc. Several styles of the lathes and screw 
machines shown are especially adapted for 
bicycle work. 



Free to Cycle Age Readers. 

The High water Mfg. Co., 605 Thirty-first 
street, Chicago, maker of the Highwater 
pants-cuff, with which an ordinary pair of 
long trousers may be quickly converted into 
golf or bicycle pants, wishes it stated that 
every reader of Cycle Age who sends his 
name and address to the Highwater com- 
pany will be forwarded absolutely free of 
charge something worth having. The com- 
pany suggests that it will profit dealers to 
take advantage of this offer. 



Net Trade Price List. 

Robt. H. Ingersoll & Bro., 163 Washington 
street. New York city, well known to the 
trade as jobbers of cycle sundries and fit- 
tings, have recently published a complete 
net trade price list and catalogue of their 
line of specialties, novelties, sporting goods 
and cameras. Cycle dealers who now do or 
who are desirous to handle suitable side- 
lines will doubtless find much of Interest tn 
them in this list. 



RETAIL MISCELLANY 
. New Repair Shops. 

Altoona, Pa. Charles A. Beswick. 

Harper, la.— W. A. Cunning. 

Cromwell, Ind.— Dode Conner, Hussey 
building. 

Lakeville, Conn.— W. E. Cornell. 

Mandan, N. B.— George Noyes. 

Utica, N. Y.— C. Michels, 45 Warren street. 

Central City, la.— C. D. Perry. 

Albion, Mich.— Charles Hopkins. 

Terre Haute, Ind.— Ed. HoUingsworth, 127 
S. Seventh street. 

Blue Earth City, Minn.— W. P. Pike. 

Brodhead, Wis.- Wilbur Hill. 

Utica, N. Y.— Charles Rogers, 22 Pearl 
street. 



Erie, Pa.— A. Schadel, 362 W. Eigliih street. 

Grand Forks, N. D.— R. W. Unvall. 

Montague, Me. — James Laird, Enfield 
street. 

Fitchburg, Mass.— J. A. Joslin. 

Lennox, Mass. Clarence Curtis. 

Goshen, N. Y.— Will Vanderoef. 

Northfleld, Vt.— E. P. Harwood. 

Calumet, Mich.— C. W. Gale. 

South Lawrence, Mass. — Edgar L. Leake. 

Lincoln, Vt.— Wesley Brown. 

South Framingham, Mass, —John B. Gar- 
rity, Hollis street. , 

Winooski, Vt. — A. F. Lozo. 

East Grand Forks, N. D.— O. A. Miller. 

Utica, N. Y.— George L. Wilson, 85 South 
street. 

Green Bay, Wis. A. Konradson. 

Rochester, Mich. — D. A. Freebon. 

Perry, Mich.— Glen Blair. 

Richmond, Me.— Edward Warren. 

Palmer, Mass. — W. J. Knowlton. 

Mt. Clemens, Mich. — Riskert & Moross, 26 
Front street. - — 

West Franklin, Me.— P. W. DeBeck. 

Constantini, Mich. — G. A. Ewers. 

New Britain, Conn.— Doherty & Lavoy, 
Main street. 

TuUy, N. Y.— O. N. Hines, Payne building. 
Main street. 

Changes of Ownership. 

Dayton, O.— Ullrich Brothers to Wm. A. 
Ulrich. 

Lamar, Col. — Dave Downer to Mark 
Flinn. 

Avon, 111.— E. L. Colby to Warren McEl- 
vain. 

Everest, Kas.— B. J. Lyons & Co. to B. J. 
Lyons. 

Cheraw, S. C— Boltoms & Godfrey to E. H. 
Boltoms. 

Establishments Sold. 

Ft. Dodge, la.— Whitney & Son. 

San Francisco, Cal.— Liddle, Sanders & Co. 

Damaged by Fire. 

Greenfield, Ind.— Thomas & Son. 
Hudson, Mich.— Woods' bicycle store. 

Changes of Address. 

Utica, N. Y.— Arthur F. Ferriss & Co., 
moved from 50 Columbia street to 89 Wash- 
ington street. 

Miscellaneous. 

Hawleyville, Conn.— A. G. Baker & Son, 
A. G. Baker dead. 



A. D. Bowlby, Windsor, Ont.— "Please find 
$2 enclosed for one year's subscription to 
Cycle Age. Do not see how I could do with- 
out your paper." 



Row is 

Your Supply of 

Leases ? 



Subscribers to the Cycle 
Age may obtain a supply 
by forwarding stamps to 
cover postage. 

Cycle Hgc Company 
)VIoiion Bldg. 
Chicago 

V*/VVVVVVVVVVV\^VVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVV'' 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



21 




v-^. 



THE OLD NATIONAL RIDER BUYS 
A NEW NATIONAL BICYCLE NOT 
BECAUSE HE WANTS A BICYCLE BUT 
BECAUSE HE WANTS A NATIONAL 
BICYCLE. 



NOT IN A TRUST. 



NATIONAL CYCLE MFQ. CO. 



National Bicycles 

Arc a class by themselves — 
alone — and of their own kind 
not like other Bicycles 



The sprocket fits tight on the web which ia a 
part of the crank -shaft. In the face of the web 
are milled circular grooves which are continued 
on the face of the sprocket. Two steel rings 
fit into these grooves and are the fastening 
proper. The two tap-bolts serve merely to pre- 
vent the lings falling out. There is no strain 
of any kind on these bolts, and they will not 
jar loose. National riders do not know what it 
is to have a loose sprocket, nothwithstanding it 
is fastened with the simplest device on the 
market. 

THIS IS ONLY ONE OF 
THE NATIONAL 
FEATURES 

which make them easy innning bicycles. 
Dealers who sell Nationals sell specialties. 

■ - BAY CITY, MICH. 



kAAJ 



.m. -^»., .......... ^^ «.,... ^.,^.^.^... ^..,^,^^^. ^..^^^., 



HELLO! 



What! What!! What!!! 



Yes, get new QUOTATIONS on 



BRIDGEPORT PEDALS 



The Bridgeport Qun Implement Co. 

313 Broadway, NEW YORK 
■ ■■ n iii>f n iiii'Pi>iffP M f i fyfi i if HM i*i» Mn *i n iii m ii m if»i H P pm i n ipi mn p m ^ nn iiPi»i 



22 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



THE PASTIME AND SPORT 



Interested in Canadian Revolt. 

Canada's race control revolt is natur- 
ally attracting considerable attention in 
N. C. A. official headquarters. In fact, 
its direct connection with our own na- 
tional circuit and the reciprocal racing 
relations of Canada and the United States 
make it almost an affair of our own. It 
further marks the extension to other 
countries of the N. C. A. theory of most 
logical and efficient race control by those 
directly interested in it as distinguished 
from the effete L. A. W. proposition of 
outside, disinterested government. 

The N. C. A. is a direct sympathizer 
with the new Canadian Cyclists' Associa- 
tion and, in fact, an ally of it, having 
promised its inclusion in the national 
circuit, reciprocity in recognition of reg- 
istrations and penalties, and support in 
its application for membership in the new 
International Cyclists' Union. 

The old C. W. A. has itself to thank for 
the United States turning to the new as- 
sociation with its sympathy and allegi- 
ance. The C. W. A. not only failed to 
espouse the cause of the N. C. A. and do 
one thing to aid in its recognition at the 
Montreal so-called world's championships, 
but even after it had established its su- 
premacy in this country and the L. A. 
W. had abandoned racing, the C. W. A. 
international delegate sided with Secre- 
tary Sturmey in his unfriendly resolu- 
tions to the governing body in the United 
States. As a matter of fact, the C. W. A. 
seems to be but a shadow of a national 
organization so far as racing goes, and 
now many of its own frielids see the wis- 
dom of racing control by the new organ- 
ization under the new theory of govern- 
ment already proved by experience to be 
successfully effective. 

Renews Interest in Paced Racing. 

Jimmy Michael has always proved the 
pace following hero par excellence with 
the general race going public and his re- 
turn to the cycle path has created new in- 
terest in the middle distance game. As 
reported last week, he signed with James 
C. Kennedy and on Thursday left for 
Waltham to begin training. 

There have been many changes in the 
middle distance game and new cham- 
pions have arisen since he left it for the 
horses at the close of the 1898 season. 
Motor pace has been introduced and 
Harry Elkes has wiped Michael's record 
figures off the slate with a big margin to 
spare. There has also been a change in 
the construction of the pacing machines, 
so that now the overhanging backs give 
a far greater advantage to the pace fol- 
lower. In fact, Kennedy told the Cycle 
Age man that Jimmy declared to him 
that it was a "cinch' to follow the new 
overhanging machines. 

Michael will surely have the best pace 
that can be put up for him; but there are 
a dozen new aspirants for middle dis- 
tance honors fully as well equipped. If 
Jimmy "makes good," the return of Elkes 
and Ross from Paris in the autumn will 
give us some matches with the "midget" 
that will whet the public's appetite. Al- 
ready Charles Miller has gone to New 
York and camped out at Manhattan 
Beach, which is expected to be the great 
middle distance battle ground. He is 
eager for Michael's money and scalp. If 
other pace following aspirants, such as 
Bolting, Ryan, Hunter, Lawson, Caldwell, 
Duer and Nelson, fail to make the battle 
warm enough for Michael, there are 
sprinters like McFarland, Cooper, Kiser 



and Stevens, who will have pacing tan- 
dems of their own probably only too will- 
ing to take a flyer outside the sprints. 

Outside of the big matches between the 
top notchers it is probable that most of 
the middle distance motor paced racing 
will be for open purses just as the game 
is now run in France, the money being 
hung for any comer to take who can. 
With so many motor tandems in the 
game, pace can easily be secured on a 
t>rize money sharing basis. 

Plans for Milwaukee Meet. 

The executive committee in charge of 
the L. A. W. national meet is rapidly 
completing its plans. 

Martin C. Rotier, ex-chief consul of the 
Wisconsin division, has been appointed 
chairman of the committee on runs. The 
country in the vicinity of Milwaukee is 
well adapted to bicycle trips, particularly 
for tours of from twenty lo fifty miles. 

H. L. Marshall, recently chief consul 
of the division, is chairman of a commit- 
tee that will undertake to entertain the 
ladies who visit the meet. There will be 
entertainments especially for their bene- 
fit and the chairman of the committee 
will have an efficient corps of assistants. 
The races will be held in the Exposi- 
tion building, which covers an entire 
block, and is always cool and comfortable 
in the evenings. It is well lighted and 
beautifully decorated, as the decorations 
for the carnival, which will be previously 
held, will be left in place. A ten-lap 
modern board track will be constructed, 
the chairman of the committee on con- 
struction being Walter Sanger. G. G. 
Greenburg, of the N. C. A. board of con- 
trol, will assist in arranging the race pro- 
gram and promoting the meet. He has 
been authorized to plan spending $3,000 
for prizes. A special feature of the meet 
will be a series of motor-paced races. The 
present plan is to have a five-mile race 
between two stars the first day, a simi- 
lar ten-mile event on the second and the 
two winners will ride fifteen miles on the 
third. The Sanger-Zimmerman race is 
still on the card, though it will be more 
of a sentimental event for the old-timers 
than an exhibition of speed. 

The Pioneers' annual banquet will be 
beld at White Fish bay, three miles from 
the city limits, and to this point many of 
the shorter runs will lead. 

There will be a large attendance of 
members of the Century Road Club of 
America at the meet and among the plans 
is a century run over the Chicago-Mil- 
waukee course. In connection with the 
meet there will be a moonlight excursion 
upon the lake. 

The chairman of the national trans- 
portation committee of the L. A. W., F. 
P. Van Valkenburg of Milwaukee, is at 
work arranging for rates to the meet. He 
has every assurance that the best rates 
possible will be made and is sanguine 
that a material extension of time on the 
excursion tickets will be allowed, thus _ 
enabling visitors to spend some time in " 
Chicago, Minneapolis, St. Paul, the Dells 
of the Wisconsin and other places. 

Strong Middle Distance Team. 

Henshaw and Hedstrom will have a 
fine team for their middle distance paced 
contests of the season. They run two 
motor tandems, having two companions 
as steersmen. They have Everitt Ryan, 
the amateur of last season, who lowered 
the fifteen, sixteen, seventeen and eigh- 



teen-mile world's competition records at 
Berkeley Oval; Harry E. Caldwell, the 
"Manchester Giant," and Burns W. 
Pierce, the 100-mile and 24-hour cham- 
pion. Caldwell claims the champion- 
ship of America:, having met and defeated 
every middle distance rider but Elkes, 
whom he never met although in search 
of many a race with him last season. 
He defeated Charles Miller five times, 
and Pierce three times. He will ride any 
man at any distance within the hour. 
Ryan has a bright future before him, 
having shown professional form in the 
amateur ranks. Pierce is champion at 
any distance from 100 miles up and will 
stick to distances above the hour, meet- 
ing any one. Henshaw and Hedstrom 
will take on all comers in the motor 
races. The combination is one of the 
strongest of the year. 

Ex-Champion Loses Hope. 

E. C. Bald, writing from Louisville to 
his old chum, A. D. Kennedy, Jr., in 
Chicago, now says he has again changed 
his mind and will give up all plans for 
racing in this country to make another 
trip to Europe. In this letter Bald says 
he is convinced that he could not make 
^ a success at racing this year and that he 
could come out better financially by quit- 
ting the game and going to Europe again. 

In explaining why he went to Louis- 
ville to train Bald says that he was sin- 
cere in his intentions and that he was 
counting on a farewell year in an effort 
to show his admirers that he is not a 
back number. But a week or so of train- 
ing has not limbered him up as it should 
and Bald has lost hope. The old speed 
is not there, he thinks, and without that 
the Buffalo boy cannot hope to hold his 
own with the speed merchants of the 
present day. 



Racing Made Popular. 

F. E. Schefski, who so successfully 
managed the Salt Palace Cycle track last 
season, will again this year act in the 
same capacity. Notwithstanding the fact 
that during the greater part of the season, 
three meets per week were given, Schefski 
was able to so arrange the programmes 
that at each meet something new was 
given to interest the spectators, which 
kept the sport from growing stale. A 
popular feature of the season's work was 
that every racing man on the track made 
a good living, the events being arranged 
and special races given to the poorer class 
of riders so that all made money. In this 
way harmony was preserved among the 
racing men and when the season closed 
all went their ways content. Eight thou- 
sand dollars was given away in prizes 
last year and a clear gain of more than 
$10,000 was netted to the promoters and 
the owners of the track. The amateur 
prizes were full value and were probably 
the best that have ever been given to the 
racing men. 

Bulletin Contract Awarded. 

The contract for publishing the L. A. 
W. Bulletin has been awarded to Emil 
Grossman & Bro. of Clev^eland, O. The 
new Bulletin will be a little less than 
magazine size, contain not less than 
thirty-two pages, of which half shall be 
devoted to league affairs, and will be is- 
sued monthly. Secretary Abbott Bassett 
will be editor. The first issue will ap- 
pear about May 15. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



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24 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



LOUISVILLE OPENING MEET 



MOTOCYCI,E MATCH WAS THE EVENT 
OF THE DAY 



Stevens Wins Mile Open and Freeman Takes 

the Handicap— McFarland Palls 

to Show. 



Fountain Ferry, Louisville, April 29. — 
The opening meet of the season, given to- 
day under the auspices of the Fountain 
Ferry Cycle & Athletic Association, was 
a decided success in a competitive way 
and a partial success in the way of at- 
tendance. The meet had hardly been well 
advertised, but later meets will draw 
well. 

The Motocycle Race. 

Every event was fast, results were sur- 
prising, and the wind-up was the pretti- 
est motocycle contest evtr seen between 
two teams. In such a race a third team 
is not necesssary. Rutz and Hausman 
started with their new Orient tandem fit- 
ted with a 2 1-4-horse power Aster mo- 
tor. Maya and McFarland used the "I 
and Stevie" Orient tandem, fitted with 
a 1 3-4-horse power De Dion motor. The 
race was run in 3:15; the first mile in 
1:39, second in 1:36, and the last lap 
went in :30, a gait of 1:30 to the mile 
on a track constructed for 1:50. 

Won In the I,ast I<ap. 

The last lap was the race. The McFar- 
land team had the advantage of the pole. 
Striking the first bank at increased 
apeed, the Rutz team couid not hold the 
turn and lost a length. This was closed 
on the back stretch and as the teams 
rounded into the last bank they ran neck 
an^ neck. Rutz- and Hausman held to 
the headers this ' time , and past the 
twelfth into the stretch the teams were 
on even terms. Down the straight both 
teams threw on all power, gasoline and 
human, and as they shot across the tape 
amid the wildly enthusiastic cries of 2.- 
000 people Rutz and Hausman had the 
race by two feet. 

Coast Men in Best Shape. 

Condition told in the sprint races. The 
men from California, who had been rac- 
ing all winter, won both events of the 
professional class and Frank Denny of 
Buffalo gained all of the honors in the 
amateur class. 

Cooper failed to show to advantage. 
His hard training of the week past 
brought on a reaction. Stevens won the 
mile open in 2:05 3-5, and Freeman the 
mile handicap from scratch in 2:01. Free- 
man ran second to Stevens in the mile 
and Stevens gained fourth in the handi- 
cap. 

Newhouse was the best conditioned of 
the men who have trained here for the 
month, although A. B. Stone displayed 
some surprising speed in several heats 
and in the final of the handicap. McFar- 
land won nothing, but was satisfied. He 
made a hard run for his heat in the 
open, stealing from the back and leading 
for several lengths at the bell. Newkirk 
and Rutz overtook him on the back 
stretch and Freeman won the heat. 

Final of Mile Oyen. 

The final of the mile open had Stevens, 
Freeman, Cooper, Rutz, Hausman and 
Newhouse up — a championship field of 
the year. Proprietor Owen Kimble paced 
the event with Cooper in the position. 
Rutz took Hausman from the rear to the 
front, but on the last bank Stevens 
worked through to the lead. Freeman was 
shut off the rear of Stevens by Newhouse, 
who hung to the lowan but could not 
take second from Freeman, who came up 
outside. Cooper ran fourth, all out. 

Cooper started scratch in the handicap 



but failed to close with Stevens and 
Freeman, who closed with the field at the 
half and came forth at three-quarters 
post. Freeman won by good riding. 

Young Denny's win of the amateur half 
from scratch in the handicap in 1:01 1-5 
was close to record. 



HOW I. C U. WAS FORMED 



PARIS-ROUBAIX ROAD RACE 



Bouhonrs Wins Great Event Because of 
Repeated Accidents to Fisher. 



The fifth annual Paris Roubaix race 
was run on the fourteenth instant and 
proved highly interesting. There were 
only nineteen starters this year, against 
thirty-two last year. The distance is 
about 162 miles. 

At the start Bouhours took the lead, 
followed by Garin, and, going at a ter- 
rific pace, took a big lead. At Beauvais, 
only forty-three miles from the start, 
Bouhours had 1 hour and 1 minute lead 
over Fisher, the German, who was then 
second. But soon after the Frenchman 
met with a tire accident and at Breteuil, 
the 100-kilometer mark, Fisher had 
caught up, and passed his French rival. 
Fisher was now going at full speed, paced 
by one of the sons of the Prince of Sagan, 
and, at Doullens, 101 miles, had 15 min- 
utes lead over the others. It seemed now 
as if the race was his, but he, too, suf- 
fered from a tire explosion at Arras, and 
had but 3 minutes of his big lead left 
over Bouhours when the repair was com- 
pleted, and the Frenchman passed him 
soon after. About 30 miles further on 
the German had again caught Bouhours 
when another accident made him lose 
11 minutes and the race. It is certain 
that without accidents Fisher would have 
won the event easily. Maurice Garin was 
third. Bouhours' time was 7:10:30, break- 
ing the former record, which was 8:12:00. 
Fisher '9 time was 7:28:25, and Garin s 
7:49:00. 

At the finish one of the competitors 
lost control of his motocycle and dashed 
into the crowd, causing a stampede and 
injuring many people. 



REVISES ROAD RACING RULES 



American Century Wheelmen Makes Its 
Rules Conform With Action of N. C. A. 



Toledo, April 29. — A meeting of the na- 
tional board of control of the American 
Century Wheelmen with its road record • 
and sanctions committee, was held in tnis *» 
city today. The object of the meeting 
was primarily to ratify the action taken 
by the National Cycling Association with 
the A. C. W. officers at Buffalo a week 
ago, and to revise its road racing rules to 
conform with the agreements concluded 
with that organization. It will be remem- 
bered that the National Cycle Association 
board extended its racing rules to em- 
brace road races started or finished upon 
a track within an inclosure, to which an 
admission is charged, and one of the acts 
of the A. C. W. board today was to pass 
a resolution assigning to the N. C. A. as 
much of its road jurisdiction as is em- 
braced within that clause. 

The board also passed a resolution re- 
lating to co-operation with the N. C. A. 
rulings as follows: 

"That any rider disciplined by the N. 
C. A. for violation of its track rules shall 
not be eligible to participate in any road 
race held under the jurisdiction of the A. 
C. W. within the United States." 

Several amendments were adopted by 
the board perfecting its road racing rules, 
and the title of official handicapper was 
created; one to be appointed in each state 
by the member of the road records and 
sanctions committee, in whose section 
the various states are located. 



DETAII,S OF IVAST MEETING OF I. C. A. 
AND ITS CONSEQUENCES 



Five I>eadlne Countries Withdraw and 

Formulate New Rules— Will Run 

World's Championships. 



Details of the meeting of the Interna- 
tional Cyclists' Association in Paris on 
April 4, which resulted in the formation 
of a new body called the International 
Cyclists' Union, as briefly reported in the 
Cycle Age last week, have at last arrived 
by mail. The importance of that meeting 
will not be realized until the first regular 
meeting of the new international body in 
Paris next August. 

Sturmey Tries for Majority. 

Everything possible was done by Sec- 
retary Sturmey to insure a majority of 
votes for Great Britain at the meeting, 
when he found it was useless to longer 
oppose the calling of a meeting for the 
14th. Great Britain had about a dozen 
votes, Sturmey representing the Cape Cy- 
clists' Union of South Africa, Britten the 
National Cyclists' Union of England, 
Wheeler the Irish Cyclists' Association, 
Inglis the Scottish Cyclists' Union, Bur- 
man the Canadian Wheelmen's Associa- 
tion, and Collins the New Zealand Cy- 
clists' Union. Besides these was the U. V. 
F. of France, represented by Riguelle; the 
Union of French Athletic Sports, by de 
Villers; the N. C. A. of the United States, 
by Victor Brever; the Belgian Cycling 
League, by De Beukelaer; the Italian Cy- 
clists' Union, by Bruzzone; the Chris- 
tiania Bicycle Club of Norway, by Tillier; 
the Swiss Cyclists' Union, by Champion, 
and the Danish Bicycle Club of Denmark, 
by President Stall of the I. C. A. 

Fought for Six Hours. 

Immediately after coming to order the 
Frenchmen asked for a public meeting, 
but by vote of 7 to 5 it was decided to hold 
the meeting behind closed doors. The 
principal question to be settled at this 
meeting was that of allowing one coun- 
try to have no more than two votes, 
which was, as has been explained before, 
directed against Great Britain, with her 
six votes from the British Isles. As will 
be seen from the foregoing list, Sturmey 
managed to bring to the congress repre- 
sentatives from most of the British colo- 
nies, such as Cape Colony and New Zea- 
land. The discussion of this momentous 
question occupied the full three hours of 
the morning session and as many hours 
in the afternoon and for a time it seemed 
that no final resolution would be reached, 
but at 5 o'clock in the afternoon it was 
decided that the affiliated unions be di- 
vided into two categories, those forming 
the first series to have the right to three 
votes each, those forming the second se- 
ries having no vote but being in all other 
respects equal to the others. It was de- 
cided that Great Britain and Ireland and 
Australasia should be placed in the first 
category as collective groups each entit- 
led to register by either of its component 
unions the full voting power of the 
group. The following countries were in 
addition placed in the first series: The 
United States, Belgium, Canada, Den- 
mark, France, Holland, Italy and Swit- 
zerland, and in the first group with half 
voting power owing to their virtually 
controlling amateurism only, Germany, 
Denmark, Sweden and Cape Colony. In 
the second series Mexico, Natal and the 
Transvaal. 

A distinct understanding was arrived 
at that the above division was for voting 
purposes only, but that each union would 
be eligible to participate in the champion- 
ships on the same basis as at present. 

The proposal was then brought for- 



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THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



ward by the French Cyclists' Union to 
elect a new secretary in place of Stur- 
mey. but this motion was lost. 

The last motion was for a thorough in- 
vestigation of the I'acing situation in Hol- 
land, which is similar to that which ex- 
isted in the United States last year. This 
was adopted and M. de Beukelaer, the 
Belgian delegate, was nominated to make 
a report. 

The meeting then adjourned. 

Bvent of the Day. 

But the great event of the day occurred 
afterward, when a number of the dele- 
gates met and sent the following letter 
to President Stall of the I. C. A.: 

The representatives of the following asso- 
ciations believe that the results obtained at 
the meeting of this day do not satisfactor- 
ily serve the interests of international cyc- 
ling and declare their resignation from the 
International Cyclists' Association.— Signed 
by the two French delegates and the Bel- 
gian, Italian. Swiss and United States del- 
egates. 

New Federation Announced. 
This was followed by an announcement 
to the public as follows: 

The delegates of the following associa- 
tions, after having infornled Mr. President 
of the I. C. A. that they resign, declare the 
formation of a new federation whose name 
shall be: Unione Cycliste Internationale. 
The world's championships will be run Au- 
gust 12, 16 and 19, under its rules. The 
first meeting of the U. C. I. will take place 
August 11 at the Hotel de Russe, Paris. 
M. De Beukelear, the Belgian delegate, is 
elected president of the new union. M. 
Bruzzone, the Italian delegate, Is nomi- 
nated secretary-treasurer. — Signed same as 
above. 

It is considered almost certain that 
several other countries will join the new 
association, such as Holland and Ger- 
many, and that the I. C. A. will cease to 
exist in a short time as a race governing 
body, since racing men riding in France. 
Italy, Belgium, Switzerland and the 
United States must be suspended by the 
other countries, which, like the L. A. W., 
will soon have none to control. 

New Rules Adopted. 
Following are the rules and regula- 
tions adopted by the new International 
Cyclists' Union: 

The Unione Cycliste Internationale is es- 
tablished between those cycling unions of 
the nations which rule the professional and 
amateur sport, for the following purposes: 

1. Mutual respect between the unions for 
the official acts of each. 

2. The ruling of the races under two kinds 
of laws: (a) Personal statutes: (t>) real stat- 
utes. 

Personal Statutes. — The state and capacity 
(?) of all riders, professional or amateur, of 
the subscribing federations will be regulated 
or determined by the unions of their own 
countries. 

Real Statutes— The rules of the union gov- 
erning races in any country shall be appli- 
cable in that country to all riders, whatever 
their nationality. 

Sanctions. — The fines, suspensions, etc., im- 
posed by the competent authorities of one of 
the unions belonging to the federation upon 
a native or a foreign rider riding in its ter- 
ritory, shall be applied by all the unions sig- 
natory to the convention. 

The U. C. I. shall govern only racing cy- 
cling, and regulate the professional and 
amateur races. 

The World's Championships. 

The world's championships shall be pro- 
moted and organized by the union In whose 
country they are to be held and at its own 
risks. The profits, if there are any, shall 
be divided as follows: Half to the union 
which organizes the meet: the other half 
to be divided in equal parts among the un- 
ions which send riders to the meet: but be- 
fore this distribution Is made all annual 
expenses which the U. C. I. has incurred 
■''hall be deducted from the profits, as no 
assessment is asked from the unions in the 
federation 

Every year, at the time of the world's 
championshins meet, a convention of the 
IT. C. I. shall be held in the place where the 
meet is given, this congress to be open tn 
the public. 

Each Nation to Have Two Votes. 

Every nation represented shall have a 
right to two votes. It is understood that the 
word nation means the whole nation, includ- 
insT its colonies. 

Each nation may be represented by two 
dele.?ates or two unions, each having one 



voice and vote, if one is exclusively in con- 
trol of professional racing and the other 
of amateur racing. The union which rules 
both amateur and professional sport in a 
country will be entitled to two votes and 
may be represented by either one of two 
delegates. In case of a nation having one 
federation only which concerns itself with 
but one class of the sport, eitner amateur 
or professional, this union will have but one 
vote. 

Voting and Executive. 

Upon the demand of five nations, a special 
meeting of the U. C. I. may be held. 

All questions sent to the secretary up to 
one month before the meeting will be dis- 
cussed at the meeting. All modifications 
will also be discussed. 

In urgent matters a consultation may be 
made by correspondence between all the na- 
tions interested, which shall be invited to 
send their votes to the secretary, who will 
accept the decision resulting from such vote. 

The U. C. I. shall be directed by a com- 
mittee or executive composed of- a president, 
a vice-president and a secretary-treasurer. 

The headquarters of the U. C. I. shall 
be in the town in which the secretary-treas- 
urer lives. 

The world's championships shall be run 
every year between July 1 and October 
31. Four world's championships shall be 
run, as follows: (a) 2,000 meters scratch race 
for professionals; (b) 2,000 meters scratch 
race for amateurs; (c) 100 meter kilometers 
paced race for professionals; (d) 100 kilo- 
meters paced race for amateurs. The win- 
ners of the 2,000 meters events must meet 
in a final race for the title of "world's cham- 
pion." The union organizing the meet may, 
if it thinks it desirable or profitable as a 
decisive result, arrange a meeting between 
the winners of the long distance champion- 
ships. 

The secretary of the U. C. I. shall keep the 
official records. 

Suspensions and I/icenses. 

Any union having riders under suspension 
must advise the secretary, who will advise 
the other unions, which shall in turn not- 
ify the tracks in their respective countries. 

A professional license may be given to any 
rider who requests one, even in a foreign 
coimtry, provided this rider is not entered 
on the suspended list. 

No union may allow a rider to race under 
different names. 

It is understood that the measuring of 
tracks of the U. C. I. must be made at 
thirty centimeters from the inner edge. 

Any rider disqualified shall be considered 
ineligible to race from the moment of his 
disqualification and shall not be allowed to 
ride even in races which he had previously 
entered. 

World's Records to be Allowed. 

World's records at the following distances 
and times shall be recognized by the U. 0. I: 
500 meters and one kilometer, standing and 
flying start; from two to ten kilometers, 
standing start; from ten to fifteen kilome- 
ters, by five kilometer intermediate times; 
from fifty to 100 kilometers, by ten kilome- 
ters: from 100 to 1,000 kilometers, by fifty 
kilometers; eighty kilometers 465.75 meters or 
fifty miles, and 160 kilometers 931 meters or 
100 miles; also all the foregoing distances un- 
paced. Mile records, paced: One-quarter, 
one-half, three-quarters, one mile; standing 
and flying start from two to ten miles; from 
ten to fifty miles, by five miles for interme- 
diate times; from fifty to 100 miles, by ten 
miles: from 100 to 600 miles, by fifty miles; 
.31 miles 118 yards or fifty kilometers, and 62 
miles 28 yards or 100 kilometers. Also all 
these distances unpaced. Time records, 
paced: One and two hours and six. twelve, 
eighteen, twenty-four, thirty and thirty-six 
hours: also same unpaced: also the fore- 
going kilometer, mile and time records made 
with wind shields. 



The Berlin racing season will bring a 
great many foreign riders to the German 
metropolis. Elkes, Ross and George 
Banker, who is a great favorite here, will 
be among the number of those eager for 
the big cash prizes Germany has been ' 
steadily giving during the last five or six 
years. Zimmerman's memory is still 
green, although the track he rode on in 
Berlin is about to be leveled to the 
ground to make way for building lots. 



SITUATION IN GERMANY 



Radfahrer Bund May Relinquish Racing to 
Control by Tracks and Riders. 



Berlin, April 20. — It would be of interest 
to Americans to learn that the Deutscher 
Radfahrer Bund (German Cycle League), 
which hitherto superintended racing as 
well as touring in a fashion very much 
its own, will very probably withdraw as 
a corporation from the cycle racing 
arena. At a general meeting of the com- 
mittee held at Berlin recently it was 
voted to move at the next congress of 
the league that it withdraw from the I. 
C. A. and likewise in future neither pro- 
mote nor present prizes for path or road 
racing. The German Association of Cy- 
cling Tracks and the German Racing 
Men's Syndicate will control racing and 
remain the masters of the situation with 
a long and busy season in front of them. 



Elkes Chances in Paris. 

"Pop" Elkes, writing from Paris un- 
der recent date, comments as follows on 
the chances of Harry Elkes and Arthur 
Ross on the foreign tracks this season: 

There are no pacing machines ready yet 
for the boys to go in races with and we do 
not expect to be ready beiore the Berlin 
race. We were not able to enter for the 
Golden Wheel race because of the contract 
for the Berlin race on May 23, although the 
Golden Wheel manager offered $400 appear- 
ance money. 

There have been four paced races here. 
Bouhours won two that Taylor didn't start 
in, but Taylor won the two in which he 
started; rode 37% miles in the hour— very 
good riding. But tricycles, with doubly mo- 
tors, are much more protection to the rider 
than tandems. Forty miles in the hour will 
be done before the season is over. I think 
Harry can cover that distance with tricy- 
cles. Ross and Harry are in splendid 
health. 

I think the American public will be led 
to believe that Ross will accomplish more 
than lies In his power. I don't expect him 
to be able to beat the best men here, but he 
will ride well. But Bouhours, Taylor, Lin- 
ton and Walters are hard men to beat. 
Taylor is quite superior for the hour to 
all the others. American sprinters who keep 
away from Paris use splendid judgment. 
They would surely have a strong game to 
go up against. In regard to Harry, if he 
makes an even break I shall be satisfied. 
We have to depend on the honor of the 
native pacemakers, not that I doubt their 
honor, but I cannot instruct or coach them, 
not speaking their language, and that 
leaves us at a disadvantage. Of course all 
Paris expects Taylor to beat Harry when 
they meet, but I feel confident of Harry's 
ability to carry the stars anct stripes to 
victory if we get the pace. I will say that 
there are a larger number of first class 
riders here than I expected. I think it is 
a mistake that Ma.lor Taylor could defeav 
the best sprinters here. I don't think he 
can. 

Twin City Cyclists Will Rejoice. 

There is a likelihood of Minneanolis hav- 
ing the most beautiful fifty-mile circuitous 
run in the country before the end of the 
season. This will be out and around Lake 
Minnetonka. The present cycle path leads 
to Hotel St. Louis, a distance of twelve 
miles from Lake Calhoun. Last season the 
Superior avenue boulevard, which leads 
from another section of the citv to Way- 
zatta. on another shore of Lake" Minneton- 
ka, was opened. It is five miles shorter 
than the other road. There is now a road 
around the lake, but this is only an ordi- 
nary country road, and not the best. The 
work of dredging Lake Minnetonka has been 
commenced at various points, and a great 
quantity of granite rock is being taken out. 
This rock would naturally become waste. 
but now it is proposed to crush it and put 
it on the road. This meets with the approv- 
al of County Surveyor Abbot, and as people 
are commencing to appreciate the good 
roads movement there is little doubt but 
that this suggestion will be carried out. 
Both roads finally lead to the center of the 
city. Before many months there will be 
brick pavement to the Superior road. About 
one-third the distance of this run will be 
around beautiful Lake Minnetonka, while 
the rest is up and down easy slopes and 
through grovelands. 



To Make Cycle Paths Cheaply. 

To build sidepaths requires two men to 
work together, one armed with a hoe and 
the other with a shovel, savs a Hudson, 
Mich., enthusiast. The path should be made 
ten inches wide. The hoe is used to scuff 
off the old dead grass. Don't dig up the 
ground any, as rag weeds will grow up, 
arrd every Michigan wheelman knows what 
that means. Then again the grass roots 
hold the ground firmly together, and more 
especially on sand. The shovel fills up holes 
made in the ground by cattle, that years 
ago used to be turned in the roads in early 
spring when the ground was soft. WherV 
there are no holes to fill, the scuffing of the 
hoe will show the wheelman where the path 
runs, until worn down by the wheels. Then 
you have a path for all time. The writer 
firmly believes that two men can build one 
mile in one day. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



27 



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28 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



ITALIANS SURPRISE FRENCH 

Capture All Important Events at Great Annual 

Easter Meet— Eros Wins the 

Grand Prize. 



The annual Great Prize of Easter was 
run in Paris on April 15 and 16 before a 
very large crowd both days. The feature 
of the meeting was the splendid form of 
the Italian riders and their sensational 
success in winning every race of import- 
ance in which they had entered, and, 
what is more remarkable and really with- 
out precedent, capturing all three of the 
semi-finals, thus making the final a reg- 
ular Italian championship race in the 
heart of France. Their success was heart- 
ily applauded and is a good lesson to the 
French riders, who always wait to the 
last moment to begin training. 

Bros, who won the big race, was under 
the management of the late Choppy War- 
burton, who said in 1896 that he would 
be the coming man, but the Italian never 
proved dangerous. 

In the tandem race the Italian team, 
Bixio and Ferrari, proved by far superior 
to all the others. 

Heats and Seml-Finals. 

Thirty-nine men started in the heats, 
which were won by Bixio, Momo, Fer- 
rari (Italian), Jacquelin (French), Deleu 
(Belgian), and Meyers (Dutch). Banker, 
Tommaselli and Huber, the German, lost 
through waiting too long to start their 
final efforts. 

Eros won the first semi-final, passing 
Meyers and Jue in a sudden jump, by 
which he gained four lengths before 
either of the others were after him. 

In ^ the second semi-final Jacquelin 
made"Tiis usual jUtop at_the 200 meters 
mark, but Bixio was on his guard and 
started even more quickly, passing the 
Frenchman after a few meters. Jacque- 
lin came back at the Italian in fine stlye, 
yet was not fast enough to pass. Grogna 
also came up in a sudden sprint and 
passed the Frenchman, but not the Ital- 
ian. The three crossed the tape sep- 
arated by less than one-half a wheel, 
amid great exctiment on account of the 
defeat of the favorite. 

In the last semi-final, which was .ue 
prettiest as to finish, Ferrari took tue 
lead until the last turn, where Momo 
went ahead, followed by Deleu. At 200 
meters from the tape both were together 
and up to the last five meters fought a 
most gallant battle for the tape, which 
Momo finally crossed with less than a 
tire advance. 

Sros Defeats Bixio and Motuo. 

The Italians now started in the final. 
It was a slow race till the bell, wn n 
Momo took the lead. At 300 meters Eros 
suddenly jumped ahead and gained r.^v- 
eral meters, but both Bixio and Momo 
slowly closed the gap and at fifteen yards 
from the finish all three seemed on even 
terms; then Eros in a last effort jumped 
again and won by half a length 'rom 
Momo. 

In the 1500-meters handicap race the 
scratch men, with the exception of Jac- 
quelin, made almost no effort to winT 
It was' won by Domain (60), followed by 
Mathieu (50) and Brecy (90). 

Italians Win Tandem Race. 

Eleven teams took part in the tandem 
race. Banker and Tommaselli won the 
first heat by one length from iiourotte 
and Thau. The second was won by Do- 
main and Prevot. The third heat went 
to Bixio and Ferrari. In the final the 
last named team stayed in the rear until 
the bell, when they went ahead and with 
the greatest ease took two lengths from 
Domain and Prevot, who themselves de- 



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THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



29 



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30 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



feated Banker and Tommaselli by a 
length. 

Taillandler easily won the amateur 
scratch event. 

In the foreigners' prize Gougoltz, Fer- 
rari and Bixio won the heats and started 
in the final, with the seconds including 
Tommaselli, Grogna and Meyers. All six 
entered the last turn together, but Fer- 
rari on the outside gained the lead com- 
ing down the bank and resisted well to 
the efforts of Grogna, who came back in 
a fine jump. Gougoltz was third. 
Taylor Shows Superiority. 

Jacquelin, Bauge, Taylor, The, Gou- 
goltz and Fossier started in the ten- 
mile paced race. From the start the 
hour record holder, took the lead, which 
he increased at every lap. Jacquelin, 
who for a while made a fine defense, was 
finally lapped, and then the others, ex- 
cept Bauge. Taylor won by 600 meters 
from the latter and by two and one-half 
laps from Jacquelin. His time was 16:18, 
which is a new European record and also 
the competition record, but not the 
world's record, which belongs to Bikes. 



NEWS IN BRIEF. 

Charlie Church, Philadelpnia's premier un- 
paced rider, will permanently abandon the 
track, having left the Quaker City to ac- 
cept a position with an electric concern at 
Winnipeg. — 

Frank Kramer will make his debut as a 
professional at the opening of the Vailsburg 
races next Sunday. He will have Jay Eaton 
and "Bobbie" Thompson to push him to his 
best paces, even if the Louisville flyers 
resist the temptation to begin money chas- 
ing in the metropolitan district thus early. 
It is said that George Collett will not enter 
the "pro" brigade until after July 4, so 
that Warenburger, Lake, Schofield and Nye 
will not have the game to themselves in the 
metropolitan district quite so early. 

At Saturday's meeting of the executive 
committee of the Inter-Collegiate Bicycle 
Racing Association in New York, it was de- 
cided to run the University championships 
this year at Woodside Park, Philadelphia, 
on Decoration day. The points will count 
5, 3, 2 and 1, instead of 5, 2 and 1, as last 
year. Columbia will make a strong bid for 
the championship this year, with Allen, Rae 
and Hudson, of the old team, and Waters, 
Rose, Knoell and Wells as new comers. 
In Waters it is said that Columbia has 
discovered a gem of purest ray serene. 

Major Taylor is elated over the action 
taken by the board of control of the Na- 
tional Cycling Association at the recent 
meeting at Buffalo, when it reinstated him, 
subject to the rulings to be taken by the 
American Racing Cyclists' Union. Taylor 
says that he hardly expects that the A. R. 
C. U. will treat him as liberally at its meet- 
ing to be held some time this week at Louis- 
ville, but is in hopes that his life suspension 
will be lifted and a fine substituted instead, 
which he will pay if not too exorbitant. 
Should the Major be reinstated he will start 
in training at Newby Oval. 

Harry E. Caldwell, Manchester, will make 
an attempt to break the mile straightaway 
cycle record at Newbury port, Mass., some 
time between May 15 and 30. C. S. Henshaw, 
under whose management Caldwell will ride 
this year, has selected a course over which 
this record-breaking attempt will take place. 
He will have the course surveyed and will 
use an electrical apparatus for timing. Three 
motor tandems will be used in the trial and 
will be pushed to their extreme limit. Hen- 
shaw said that the new motor just' com- 
pleted by Oscar Hedstrom can go a mile in 
50 seconds, and he feels confident that Cald- 
well will be able to follow as fast as the 
tandem can go. Caldwell has been doing 
.gymnasium work all winter and has been 
training on the road for the last ten days, 
doing some excellent work. 

The original plans for a twenty-five-mile 
amateur road race on Belle Isle have been 
changed by the Detroit Cycle Board of 
"Trade to a twenty-mile road race for ama- 
teurs and a fifteen-mile road race for pro- 
fessionals, both to be run on the afternoon 
of May 30. Prizes are as follows: Profes- 
sional race, first time, $150 in gold; second 
time, $100 in gold; first position, $100 in gold; 
second position, $60 in gold; the next eleven 
men in will be given their choice of five 
racing singles and six other prizes, in the 
order in which they finish. Amateur race, 
first time prize, $100 diamond; second time. 
.$50 diamond; third time, $35 silver trophy; 
first place, $75 diamond; other finishers to 
choose from eight bicycles and other prizes 
in the order of their positions. Entry 
blanks can be secured from E. S. Anderson, 
Fort and Twentieth streets. 



MOTORA(iE 

The Automobile Authority of America 



Vol. 11. 



CHICAGO, MAY 3, J900 



No. 8. 



THE LEADING CONTENTS 



BRITISH 1,000-MILBS TRIAL.— An elab- 
orate account of the pilgrimage now be- 
ing made by motor-vehicles through all 
the large cities of Great Britain, with 
a map of the course. This trial is pro- 
moted by the Automobile Club of Great 
Britain and Ireland and is designed to 
serve as a perambulating advertisement 
of the motor-vehicle industry at large. 
Judging from the interest displayed 
along the route it is bound to be a great 
success and will mark an epoch in the 
history of the industry. Many of the 
nobility and other notables of the king- 
dom are participating in the run. The 
Motor Age account includes descrip- 
tions of the various vehicles, notable 
personages, and scenes along the route 
during the first week of the pilgrimage. 

FROM THE. FOUR WINDS.— News of 
automobilism from all parts of the 
world, including a laughable account 
of the "auto canal mule," an actual 
trial of a motor designed to tow canal 
boats, which on its first trial displayed 
some of the inherent perverseness of 
the old-fashioned mule and ended by 
plunging into the canal; automobilism 
in Germany, and many other items of 
interest from the various correspond- 
ents of the Motor Age. The paper has 
special representatives in all the lead- 
ing cities of the world where automo- 
bilism is a marked feature of modern 
life, and furnishes the only thoroughly 
accurate and readable news from all 
quarters of the globe on this new and 
most interesting subject. 

WEEKLY PATENT OFFICE BUDGET.— 
A resume of the various patents issued 
during the week by the office at Wash- 
ington, with numerous illustrations. 
This week's budget is a particularly in- 
teresting one and includes one elab- 
orate patent in which A. H. Overman, 
the old bicycle manufacturer, figures as 
patentee of a steam automobile. All 
technical verbiage is eliminated from 
the patent oflice department of the 
Motor Age, the accounts presented be- 
ing written in such a manner and so 
illustrated that they can be understood 
by anyone who will take the trouble 
to follow them. 

INDUCTION COIL CONSTRUCTION.— 
An illustrated treatise on the theory 
and practice of making this very im- 
portant part of a gasoline engine. In- 
quiries as to the manner of construct^ 
ing induction coils reached the Motor 
Age office and were answered in the 
department devoted to communica- 
tions. The result was that a number 



of readers desired further information 
on this intricate subject and the Motor 
Age, to satisfy them, has culled from 
authentic sources the best information 
on the subject and Las compiled it 
into a clear and instructive article of 
considerable length. This is only one 
illustration of the manner in which the 
paper looks after the interests of its 
readers. No question is too trivial or 
too complicated to receive an intelli-" 
gent answer. The subscribers are in- 
vited to make their wants known and 
are assured of the best answers to their 
questions that are obtainable. 

NEWS OF THE MOTOR INDUSTRY.— 
An illustrated history of the week 
among the makers of complete motor- 
vehicles and of parts and accessories, 
containing valuable information as to 
the best places to obtain parts and giv- 
ing descriptions of the same. By regu- 
larly reading this department of the 
Motor Age, those who are already be- 
ginning the construction of motor-ve- 
hicles or motocycles can keep abreast 
of the times and in constant touch with 
all the latest products of the supply 
houses. They can also gather infor- 
mation that will prove useful in their 
own work. The present week's depart- 
ment includes the plans of the Lozier 
Motor Co. for enlarging and going into 
the automobile business; an account, 
with illustrations, of the water-cooled 
Aster motor, a gasoline engine suitable 
for small delivery wagons where slow 
speed is desirable; an illustrated de- 
scription of a complete running gear: 
an account of a new company formed 
for the purpose of buying and market- 
ing patents in the automobile line; a 
new company with large capital or- 
ganized to build motocycles, and other 
items of interest and value. 

MOTOR RACING AND MOTOR PACING. 
— Accounts, by special correspondents 
of the Motor Age. of races at home and 
abroad, with notes of the pace follow- 
ers and motocycle racing men. This 
department includes, this week, an ac- 
count of the motocycle racing at th° 
opening of the Fountain Ferry trRck 
at Louisville: the results of the famous 
Paris-Roubaix race in France, with the 
deplorable accident in which two mo- 
tocyclists dashed, at railroad speed, 
into a crowd of spectators; and a fore- 
cast of the results of the forthcoming 
international contest for the Gordon- 
Bennett cup, telling of the improve- 
ments made in the various racing mo- 
tor-vehicles. 



It will be seen from the foregoing; that THE MOTOR 
AGE, in its new dress and increased number of pag-es, is a 
paper which no man interested in motor vehicles can afford 
to miss. Now is the time to subscribe. 



Vol. XXV— No. 2. 



CHICAGO, MAY 10, 1900. 



New Series No. 129. 



WOLFF WIRE FACTORY SOLD 



Bicycle Department '^ill Be Conducted as 

Heretofore and Manufacture of 

Automobiles Undertaken. 



The wire plant of R. H. Wolff & Co., 
Ltd., of New York City, has been ac- 
quired in the interests of the Washburn 
Wire Co., which will soon assume the 
management of the business. R. H. 
Wolff will continue with the new com- 
pany. C. E. Terry, for a long time asso- 
ciated with the Washburn & Moen Mfg. 
Co., and more recently with the American 
Steel & Wire Co., will have charge of the 
selling department. 

This is one of the best equipped plants 
in the country and has for years been 
favorably known for the fine quality of 
its product, which consists of high grade 
wires. 

The factories of R. H. Wolff & Co., 
Ltd., are located at the foot of Bast 116th, 
117th and 118th streets and Harlem river, 
and have wharf facilities directly con- 
nected with the factory buildings. 

The wire rods used will, for the time 
being, be bought either in this country 
or in Europe, but the Washburn Wire Co. 
expects within a few months to make 
steel and roll rods. 

To Make Popular Priced Motor Vehicles. 

The manufacture of Wolff-American 
bicycles, which has heretofore been very 
successfully conducted by R. H. Wolff & 
Co., Ltd., will be continued under that 
name, and it is also the intention of the 
company to manufacture a complete line 
of automobiles, embodying the newest 
and most practicable features to be found 
in this type of machine. They will be 
placed on the market at a popular price. 

The wire business will be transferred 
to the Washburn Wire Co., but in the 
interim will be conducted under the old 



STOCKTON MFG. CO. AFFAIRS 



Creditors to Appear in Chancery Monday— 
Possibility of a Combination. 



Newark, N. J., May 7. — On the day of 
his being sworn in, May 2, Chancellor 
Magie appointed Judge Frederick J. 
Guild, Prudential building, this city, tem- 
porary receiver of the Stockton Mfg. Co. 
The creditors will appear at chancery 
chambers, Newark, next Monday morn- 
ing. Until then no figures can be ob- 
tained and no information as to the fu- 
ture probabilities can be secured. 

It is understood, however, that the lia- 
bilities in round numbers amount to 
about $50,000. The machinery is said to 
have cost originally $42,000, and the com- 
pany's equity in the building is reported 
to be valued at $25,000. To these assets 
must be added the accounts, which prob- 
ably are not large, as collections had been 
good. The floating debt was only about 
$8,000. 

The introduction and manufacture of 
the new coaster and brake were a heavj' 
expense, which considerably impaired the 



company's capital. They met with large 
sales and orders, but the returns from 
these came too late to save the company. 
It is said that negotiations are pending 
looking to the possibility of merging 
with another business, and Secretary 
Dreyfus thinks that if this can be accom- 
plished the creditors will receive fifty 
cents on the dollar. 

Large orders for brakes and hubs con- 
tinue to come in. 

The Stockton Mfg. Co. was incorpo- 
rated in April, 1898. It began business as 
Warwick & Stockton in October, 1893, and 
continued as such for three years, after 
which it was run as C. S. Stockton up to 
the time of its incorporation. 



CANADIAN TARIFF INCREASE 



RACK AGENTS IN CHICAGO. 



Two Men Demanding Royalty Thought To 
Be Calkins' Representatives. 



Little has been heard for some months 
of the progress of the agents of Calkins, 
the bicycle rack inventor, in their efforts 
to collect royalty from owners of the 
common type of upright rack. It will 
be remembered they were particularly 
active in Rochester, the home of Calkins, 
and in Buffalo last fall, but, having can- 
vassed those cities rather thoroughly and 
arranged with the manufacturer of them 
in Buffalo for a royalty of, it is said, $2 
each, started for new fields. 

They are believed to have turned up 
again in Austin, a nearby suburb of Chi- 
cago, last week, where two men attempt- 
ed to collect $5 royalty from each of the 
business men and firms having such racks 
in front of their stores for the accommo- 
dation of customers. The merchants, be- 
lieving they were simply attempting to 
victimize them, became very indignant 
and talk of combining to make a test case 
of the matter in court if the agents con- 
tinue their efforts to collect. 



New Tube Company Formed. 

Detroit, May 7. — Senator McMillan to- 
day formally organized the Seamless Steel 
Tube Co., capital $100,000, which will oc- 
cupy the old plant of the Malleable Iron 
Works, to manufacture steel tubing for 
boilers, bicycles, etc. The works will 
employ about 700 men, and the value of 
the first year's output will exceed $1,- 
000,000. The principal stockholders are: 
Senator McMillan, W. C. McMillan, 
Thomas H. Simpson and William Thorn- 
brough, of Cleveland. The works will be 
opened for business about May 15. 



Delay Likely in Bracket Suit. 

New York, May 4. — Cross examination 
of the plaintiff's witnesses in the A. B. C.- 
Eagle bottom bracket suit has been com- 
pleted. Mr. Seymour, the defendant's 
counsel, has gone to California and tes- 
timony will not begin on his side until 
his return. Mr. Redding is to go with 
Mr. Spalding to the Paris exposition, the 
Cycle Age representative was told today. 
This does not look much like the pushing 
promised by the patent prosecutors when 
the suit was instituted. 



Preferential Duty To Be Raised to 33 J -3 

Per Cent— Import Figures Allay 

Apprehension. 



Canada proposes to increase the British 
preferential tariff of 25 per cent, which 
went into effect in the summer of 1898, 
to 33 1-3 per cent on July 1 next. This 
need not cause any apprehension on the 
part of the bicycle and parts makers of 
the United States, however, for, notwith- 
standing the lower duties in favor of 
England, Canada will still be obliged to 
look to this country as the cheapest mar- 
ket in these lines. 

Evidence of the small effect this pref- 
erential 25 per cent duty has had in di- 
verting Canadian trade from this country 
to England, can be found in the follow- 
ing table of comparative importations of 
all articles into- Canada from the two 
countries for the three years covering the 
period immediately before and after the 
preferential took effect: 

Gain over 
1897. 1898. 1899. 1897. 

Eng'd ..$29,412,188 $32,500,917 $37,647,000 $ 8,234,812 
U. S.... 61,649,(M1 78,705,590 93,007,000 31,357,9.59 

Expected Effect Not Evident. 

This shows that, instead of the prefer- 
ential tariff reducing the imports from 
the United States, our trade with Canada 
has never before developed so rapidly. 
The only two years that are worthy of 
comparison with 1898 and 1899 are 1873 
and 1874, when there was a growth in 
imports from the United States over the 
year 1872 of $30,685,608, the total in 1874 
being $54,283,072. As the total in 1897 
was $61,649,041, the growth in twenty- 
three years was less than $7,500,000. That 
a jump from $61,000,000 to $93,000,000 
should follow the enactment of a prefer- 
ential tariff, when just the opposite effect 
was looked for, is one of the anomalies 
of trade. 

I^ost Duty on English Trade. 

There is no attempt to conceal the fact 
that the results of the preferential tariff 
with England have not met expectations, 
and it is this undoubtedly that leads to 
an increase from 25 per cent to 33 1-3 
per cent in the preferential duties. The 
additional 8 1-3 per cent will probably 
add to the imports from England, but the 
same reasons that led to a disappoint- 
ment in the 25 per cent tariff still exist. 
A feature, too, that is commented on 
rather freely in Canadian papers is the 
fact that, while the imports from Great 
Britain have increased $8,234,812 in two 
years, the loss in tariff last year alone on 
British imports was nearly $2,000,000. 



Negotiating for Peoria Plant. 

Peoria, 111., May 9.— (Special telegram.) 
— It is reported here that Peoria people 
are negotiating with the rubber trust for 
the Seiberling plant, with the intention 
of operating it as a bicycle factory. Mar- 
tin Kingman, who was once prominent in 
the cycle trade here, is mentioned as one 
of the interested persons. 



32 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



COASTER BRAKE CASE TRIED 



ECI,IPSE-FARROW ROYAI/TY DISPUTE 
HEARD FOR THIRD TIME 



Inventor's Claims Relate to Morrow Tire 

Brake Only— The Patents Were 

Never Allowed. 



Washington, May 4. — The case of the 
Eclipse Bicycle Co., appellant, v. Wil- 
• lard M. Farrow, appellee, involving the 
question of payment of royalty on the 
Morrow brake and coaster device, was 
argued before the court of appeals for the 
District of Columbia on May 1. The case 
was heard twice before In the equity 
court, and each time a decision was given 
in favor of Farrow, whereupon the de- 
fendant company appealed to the higher 
court. It is contended on the part of 
Farrow, who is a resident of this city, 
that in November, 1895, he conceived an' 
invention of an automatic brake and 
coaster device for bicycles, described in 
an application for letters patent filed in 
the Patent Office July 24, 1896, and De- 
cember 1, 1896. He alleges that on June 
5, 1897, he entered into an agreement 
with the Eclipse Co., by the terms of 
which the company was to acquire the 
entire right, title, etc., in said invention 
upon the payment of the sum of $2,500 
by way of advance royalties, which was 
paid, and future royalties at fixed rates, 
on all devices made and sold embodying 
the Inventions above referred to, of 
which sales the company should at speci- 
fied times render accounts and make set- 
tlements with Farrow, and in default 
thereof the title to said inventions and 
all letters patent based thereon should 
revert to Farrow. A clause was inserted 
whereby the company agreed to defend 
the invention against piracy or infringe- 
ment, and to use due business diligence 
in the manufacture and sale of the de- 
vices embodied in the patent, otherwise 
the title to the invention reverted back 
to Farrow. 

Contract Provided for Release. 

Lastly, the contract provided that in 
case Farrow for any reason failed to pro- 
cure letters patent of the United States 
for the invention the company was to be 
relieved from the payment of all royal- 
ties from and after the date of final ad- 
verse action of the Patent Ofiice on the 
application or applications for patents for 
the improvements. 

It is then alleged that the defendant 
company undertook the performance of 
the contract and entered upon the manu- 
facture and sale of the brakes; that Su- 
perintendent Morrow (who is not a party 
to the suit), for the purpose of defeating 
the interests of the complainant, on July 
15, 1897, filed an application for letters 
patent on a device, which was a "mere 
mechanical equivalent" for that of the 
complainant; that Morrow assigned an 
interest in his invention to Mr. Fulton, 
president of the Eclipse Bicycle Co., and 
that the company thereafter began the 
manufacture and sale of the device desig- 
nated as the Morrow brake and coaster, 
in lieu of the Farrow device. 

It is further alleged that a large num- 
ber of the Farrow devices were sold and 
also a large number of the Morrow 
brakes, and the complainant asked for 
discovery as to the number. 

Farrow Claims Partnership Rights. 
It is then charged that under the agree- 
ment the defendant company became the 
agent and partner of the complainant for 
the purpose .of procuring and protecting 
said patents applied for and for manufac- 
turing and selling the said device, but 
that notwithstanding such relation it has 
sought to suppress the use of the com- 
plainant's device and has allowed his pat- 
ent rights to become invalidated, and 
that although some change, elaboration 



or improvement has been made by the 
company on the original invention, that 
any changes that have or may accrue 
therefrom inure to the benefit of both 
complainant and the defendant company 
according to the terms of the agreement 
they made. 

The complainant prays for an account- 
ing and for payment of the amount found 
to be due him, and that any Improvement 
of the original device may be declared to 
have been made by the company as the 
agent and partner of the complainant for 
the benefit of the partnership under their 
agreement. 

Claims Rejected by Patent Office. 

The Eclipse company denies that Far- 
row was the inventor of the device de- 
scribed in his application, and alleges 
that his claims were rejected by the pat- 
ent office; denies any indebtedness to 
Farrow and alleges that there was a total 
failure of consideration for the agree- 
ment. 

It further denies that Morrow made his 
application for the purpose of defeating 
the claims of Farrow, denies all allega- 
tions of any attempt to defraud Farrow; 
denies that the Morrow brake is a mere 
mechanical equivalent of the alleged Far- 
row device; denies all allegations of al- 
leged failure on its part to properly pros- 
ecute the Farrow applications; denies 
that it became the partner or agent of 
the complainant by the terms of said 
agreement; denies that it has done or 
failed to do anything to involve or im- 
pair Farrow's alleged rights, and lastly 
denies that Farrow has any interest in 
the Morrow brake. 

Difficult Question for Judge. '^ 

At the prior trials the equity court held 
that the Morrow brake was not a mere 
mechanical equivalent of the alleged Far- 
row brake nor an infringement thereof; 
that the allegations of fraud, and of fail- 
ure to prosecute the Farrow applications 
were not sustained, and that the contract 
did not create a partnership between the 
pai"ties thereto. But the court held that 
under the construction it had placed upon 
the contract, the company undertook to 
pay royalties on all the devices manufac- 
tured by the company embodying the In- 
ventions mentioned in Farrow's two ap- 
plications for patent, without regard to 
whether Farrow was allowed patents 
thereon or not, the trial judge stating 
that he considered the proper construc- 
tion of the contract a very close question, 
and did not feel at all sure that he was 
right in the conclusions at which he had 
arrived. 

Eclipse Co. Bought Prior Invention. 

The contract referred to was dated 
June 5, 1897. The application of Morrow 
for a patent was filed July 19, 1897. On 
November 3, 1897, the patent office de- 
clared the interference on the Farrow ap- 
plications. It appears from the proofs 
that while matters were in this condition, 
the defendant company, apprehending 
that Farrow's alleged inventions were an- 
ticipated, purchased a prior patent issued 
to Stover and Hance, and it would seem 
to be clear, from the proof, that the de- 
vice thereafter manufactured by the 
Eclipse company, was manufactured un- 
der authority and protection of the let- 
ters patent issued to Stover and Hance. 

It is expected that the Court of Ap- 
peals will render an early decision. 

[The Farrow brake referred to in this 
report was an entirely different article to 
that at present in use. It was a tire 
brake, perhaps similar in some of its de- 
tails to the Morrow brake originally 
made by the Eclipse company, but which 
was discarded in favor of the more ad- 
vanced design of today. No patent was 
granted to Farrow. — Ed.] 



The boom may now be said to be fairly 
on, says the Middletown (Conn.) Tribune. 
Not only are all of the reputable man- 
ufacturers overwhelmed with orders des- 
pite night work and their best efforts, but 
the great demand for the device has given 
work to almost every mechanic of ability 
who desires it. There was never a time 
when repair shops were busier. There 
are comparatively few orders for the an- 
nual overhauling that are not supple- 
mented by orders that the old machines 
be fitted with coaster-brakes. Although 
of slower growth, it is a fair assertion 
that since the pneumatic tire no inven- 
tion has so "caught" the trade and 
public. 

NEW ZEALAND ITEMS 



I^ate Trade Happenings of Interest — Im- 
port Figures for Three Years. 



H. J. Ranger of Christchurch is now 
manufacturing tires solely with Silver- 
town, N. Z., rubber. 

Two-thirds of the cycle makers in 
Christchurch now build machines from 
B. S. A. parts. 

The American steamship companies 
still refuse to carry carbide. Orders sent 
to America by Christchurch firms six or 
nine months ago remained unfulfilled up 
to the last of March. 

One of the largest shipments of tubing 
to reach New Zealand was landed April 
10 at Lyttelton to the order of Oates, 
Lowry & Co. The shipment comprises 
10,000 feet. One can better nsalize the 
magnitude of the quantity by calculating 
the distance the tubing would reach if 
placed end to end — viz., nearly three and 
a quarter miles. 

A traveler from the National Sewing 
Machine Co., makers of the Eldridge bi- 
cycles, was in Christchurch the first week 
of April. It is understood one of the 
large Christchurch drapery firms has 
taken the agency of the machines. 

A line of American bicycles was offered 
for sale in a Christchurch auction room 
on April 7. Bidding started at £5 and 
went up to £7 10s, when it ceased. The 
auctioneer would not sell at this price 
and the machines were withdrawn for 
private sale. 

Two Christchurch firms sent large or- 
ders for acetylene lamps to England in 
March. Oates, Lowry & Co. landed a 
shipment of 100 Phenomenon and Nord- 
licht (North Light) acetylene lamps dur- 
ing the same week. 

The importation of bicycles into New 
Zealand appears to be declining. There 
were imported into this colony 6,806 ma- 
chines of the value of $380,615 in 1898, 
and 11,496 machines valued at $642,465 
in 1897. Taking in materials and parts, 
the total value of the imports last year 
was $560,255, against $707,025 in 1898, and 
$923,535 in 1897. The import of material 
is fairly steady, and last year it amount- 
ed to $273,740, against $326,425 in 1898, 
and $291,070 in 1897. It would be inter- 
esting to have the figures of the number 
of unsalable machines reshipped from 
the colony in '97-'98. If these figures 
could be published the imports of cycles 
and cycle goods would probably show an 
increase instead of what appears to have 
been a decline. The proportion of mate- 
rials to complete machines shows a great 
change, that of 1897 being less than one- 
half, namely $291,070 against $642,465; 
while in 1899 the figures approach pretty 
closely, being $273,740 for materials 
against $286,515 for machines. It Is evi- 
dent, therefore, that the locally made or 
assembled article is supplanting the im- 
ported machine. 



New England Coaster Brake Boom. 

Evidence accumulates each week of the 
extraordinary demand for coaster brakes. 



Keep posted on the progress in the mo- 
tor vehicle industry by reading the Motor 
Age; published weekly by the Cycle Age 
Co.: subscription price, $2 a year. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



33 



HOW CUT PRICE SALES HURT 



DECEPTION OF PUBLIC SPOII,S SAI,BS 
OF HIGH GRADES. 



Customers Expect to Btty Standard Ma- 
chines at Bargain Store Prices- 
Cycle Thieves in Buffalo. 



Buffalo, May 7.— The evil effects of the 
bargain sales into which the legitimate 
Buffalo trade was involuntarily forced 
some weeks ago through the price cut- 
ting methods of several concerns that 
have recently taken up the cycle as a side 
issue to their regular business, are daily 
becoming more manifest in the almost 
complete demoralization of trade in the 
higher priced grades. 

Dealers declare that it is almost im- 
possible to interest customers in either 
the higher or medium priced machines. 

One Dealer's Comments. 

"The public has become possessed with 
the idea that the best of standard grades 
are selling at the ridiculously cheap 
prices at which the cut-price article is 
being offered," remarked a dealer Satur- 
day, "and in view of the stuff that is daily 
being served to the public in the form of 
advertisements in the daily papers, it is 
little wonder that such belief exists. 
These notices are found intermingled 
with the local news items and in quarter, 
half and frequently three-quarter-page 
display ads, and each and every one that 
appears tends to strengthen the now al- 
most universal belief here that the bot- 
tom has been knocked out of the cycle 
market and that the standard makes are 
to be had for the same money that these 
concerns are asking for the miserable 
specimens that are being put out in the 
guise of bicycles. 

Sample of the Trouble Makers. 

"As a sample of the wilfully mislead- 
ing methods in use by these concerns, 
this," said the speaker indicating an ad- 
vertisement in a morning paper, "is with- 
out question the most hurtful to the reg- 
ular trade of any of its class." The ad. 
referred to occupied a most conspicuous 
place among the local news items of 
every newspaper printed in Buffalo 
throughout last week and is unquestion- 
ably one of the causes of the present un- 
healthy state of the local market. It 
reads in part: 



BIG DROP IN BICYCLES 



NOW IS YOUR CHANCE TO 
SECURE A WHEEL CHEAP 

If you arc in the market for a wheel you can 
certainly get in on the ground floor this time 
for never in the history of the trade have the 
prices b^en so low as at the present writing. 



The promulgator of the above is a 
dealer in other wares who took up bicy- 
cles as a sideline last season. His stock 
embraces several high grade makes that 
are well and favorably known to the Buf- 
falo public, and the fact that these ma- 
chines are mentioned in the announce- 
ment of his $16.50 sale creates the nat- 
ural supposition that these makes are 
included in the sale and at the price 
named. 

Boak Enters the Retail Trade. 

W. C. Boak has retired from the retail 
sundry business and taken quarters in 
the Chapin block, Buffalo, where in fu- 
ture he will devote his attention to the 
wholesale business. F. R. Rick, who 
with Messrs. Boak and Graves comprised 
the firm of Rick & Co., but who retired 



from the firm last January, has taken the 
Main street store and will conduct a re- 
tail business. Mr. Graves is still asso- 
ciated with Mr. Boak. 

Cycle thieves are more active in Buf- 
falo this season than ever before and 
despite the unusually severe penalties 
inflicted upon those apprehended and the 
untiring efforts of the police department 
to break up the business, reports of stolen 
bicycles continue undiminished. The 
thieves now operating seem to have a 
preference for the chainless pattern, as 
an unproportionately large number have 
been reported stolen. 



NO "DOWN EAST" MONOPOLY 



RETURN OF CHEERFUL DAYS 



Quaker City Dealers Working Overtime- 
New Riders Buying Freely. 



Philadelphia, May 7.— That the bicycle 
business is experiencing a much-needed 
boom can be demonstrated any day by a 
walk along Arch street, where the estab- 
lishments collectively forming Cycle 
Row, although sadly diminished numer- 
ically, are busy from morn till nighty 

Mr. Hildebrand, of the Cleveland agen- 
cy, is enthusiastic over the outlook, and 
says the business he is doing far exceeds 
his most sanguine expectations. Costa & 
George, with the Eagle and Wolff-Amer- 
ican, are also "up to their eyes in busi- 
ness." The window of the latter concern 
attracts much attention with a miniature 
cycle path on which is a light model of 
the Wolff-American placarded "finest on 
earth." 

Charles S. Smith, Rambler man, finan- 
cially involved and foi'ced to the wall 
last year as a result of the slump, has 
established a new store on Tenth street, 
just below Arch, and is beginning- to feel 
the "tidal wave of trade," as he calls it, 
although the Rambler is now in other 
hands. 

Hart, the Columbia "pioneer," has 
found it necessary to keep open doors till 
10 o'clock at night three times a week. 
"The demands of business require it," 
says he. Manager Loomis, who succeeded 
Charles S. Smith at the Rambler stand, 
has surrounded himself with a staff of 
assistants composed of four former agen- 
cy managers, and on the day the Cycle 
Age correspondent managed to get a few 
minutes' conversation with him he assert- 
ed that "we haven't had an idle moment 
fof the past fortnight." 

And there is "Bob" Garden. Since the 
boom struck town "Bob" has been pa- 
tronizing the near-by light lunch cafes — 
"haven't time to journey all the way to 
the Walton, as is my usual custom." 

So it is all along the line. And the 
pleasant feature of this trade rejuvena- 
tion is the tendency of purchasers to get 
the "best the market affords." High- 
grade machines seem to have the call, an 
evidence that money is plentiful. Then it 
is noticeable that a large proportion of 
the sales are to new riders — and it's this 
feature of the boom that is fraught with 
more of future promise than any other of 
the numerous phases of the business out- 
look. 

These are certainly pleasant days for 
the Quaker city's cycle tradesmen. 



Layton Trouble Internal. 

As was duly noted at the time, the 
property of the Layton Mfg. Co., of Mil- 
waukee, was recently seized by the sher- 
iff on an execution issued in favor of C. 
L. Jacobson. It appears, however, that 
the action was the result of a family row 
and was settled the following day by the 
payment to Mr. Jacobson, by F. W. Huen- 
nekens, president of the company, of the 
full amount. The trouble was merely a 
disagreement between the stockholders 
and in no way affected or injured the 
company's financial standing or business, 
as is shown by the fact that the factory 
is running its full force overtime. 



FEW CONNECTICUT VAI<I,EY DEAI^ERS 
HANDI,E TRUST I,INES ONI,Y 



Rumors That Thompsonville Plant May Be 

Secured by Independent Makers 

—Repair I,ist Helps Trade. 



Springfield, Mass., May 7. — If current 
reports can be accepted as fact, the sched- 
ule of repair prices which recently went 
into effect in this city is not being lived 
up to by all of the repairmen. The union 
schedule, however, has accomplished 
much good in a general way, and the vio- 
lations reported have been on repairs on 
which there is a comfortable margin of 
profit. The Repairers' Union has had 
price schedules printed on large cards, 
which are tacked up in conspicuous 
places about the repair shops. The list is 
fairly complete, including repairs on 
tires, wheels, chains, forks and frames, 
and quoting prices on new tires, handle 
bars and saddles. 

Ho-w Prices Run. 

The general run of the schedule may 
be gathered from the following prices, 
which are representative: One plug in 
tire, 25 cents; each additional plug, 15 
cents; vulcanizing patch, $1; tire fluid 
put in, 50 cents; cleaning chains, 25 
cents; taking out one link, 25 cents; put- 
ting in one link, 25 cents; each additional 
link, 15 cents; cleaning bearings on chain 
driven wheel, $1.50; chainless, $2.50; 
brazing, 75 cents per hour; reflnishing 
wheel complete, $12. 

Several former dealers have abandoned 
the agency part of their business in or- 
der to give their entire attention to re- 
pairing. 

Finds Competition Everywhere. 

Evidence accumulates that the inde- 
pendent makers are getting their share 
of business. There are in fact few dealers 
in Springfield who handle the A. B. C. 
output exclusively. In the smaller towns 
the prejudice against the A. B. C. is not 
so deep rooted but the Cycle Age corre- 
spondent has yet to hear of a single town 
in the Connecticut valley in which the 
trust has the field to itself. 

Rumors have been current that the 
Thompsonville, Conn., plant of the A. B. 
C. ,which was formerly used as a parts 
factory by H. A. Lozier & Co., is under 
consideration as a bicycle factory by a 
maker not identified with the A. B. C. 
The Thompsonville board of trade dis- 
claims any such knowledge and the story 
which had been eagerly grasped at by 
Thompsonville citizens is apparently 
without foundation. 

Offer Not Gratefully Embraced. 

The machinery of the Thompsonville 
factory has been moved to Westfield, 
Mass. Previous to the removal notices 
were posted to the effect that the em- 
ployes could secure work by applying at 
Westfield, but conditions at the Thomp- 
sonville factory were not so excruciat- 
ingly agreeable that special trains were 
required to carry the applicants to West- 
field. If reports are true, scarcely a cor- 
poral's guard took advantage of the op- 
portunity. 

The situation in a nutshell, so far as 
Thompsonville is concerned, is that the 
hard-working citizens of that town con- 
tributed to the A. B. C. a fine set of 
buildings, which will be turned into cold 
cash by that sympathetic organization at 
its earliest opportunity. Thompsonville 
merchants who contributed- toward the 
factory for the trade it would create feel 
much like the man who has invested in 
a gold brick. 



Cycle Age repair book, $2; to subscrib- 
ers, $1. 



34 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



THE BEST OF 
FRIENDS 



are those bound together by 
fair and honorable treatment of 
each other. 

MANSON Agents are well 
treated and treat us well. 

We are fair to them as to 
quality, credits, guarantee. 

MANSON Quality is unex- 
celled; the 




MANSON GUARANTEE 



-IS UNAPPROACHED- 



If Defective PartsAre Found In 

r^^MANS ON BICYCLE 

tWiLLR[PLACE Frel And Pay All Express Charges 
MANSON CYCLE CO. v.....o. 



We shall be glad to add you to our list of friends if you are 
the right sort of man to become a typical Manson Agent. 



MANSON CYCLE CO. 



Manson Square, CHICAGO 



WHEN SIGNBOARDS LIE 



The Veeder Cyclometer 
Will Correct Them 
For You. 




ACTUAL SIZE. 

REGULAR CYCLOMETER 

Price, $1.00. 

10,000 miles and repeat. Dust-proof, 
water-proof, positive action. Parts 
cannot become disarranged. Cannot 
register falsely unless actually broken. 
No springs. No delicate parts. Made 
for 24, 26, 28 and 30-mch wheels. 





ACTUAL SIZE. 

"TRIP" CYCLOMETER 

Price, $1.50. 

The small Indicator can be set back to 
zero, like a stem setting watch, after 
each trip, without affecting grand 
total on the large register. Same posi- 
tive action as the other famous model. 
Made for 24, 26, 28 and 80-inch wheels. 



Catalozue 
Free 



THE VEEDER MFO. CO., Hartford, Conn. 



Chicago Jobbers can secure immediate deliveries from our Chicago Depot, 
T. H. Cranston & Co., 60 Wabash Ave. 



HAKERS OF CYCLOMETFRS, OOOMETERS and COUNTiNQ MACHINES. 

European Agents, MARKT Sl CO., LiM., London, Paris, Hamburg. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



35 




&aMM 



Entsrad »t Chicaeo Post Office as Second-Class Matter 

Published every Thursday at 324 Dearborn St., Chicago. 
Eastern Olfloss. American Tract Soc'y Bldg., New York. 

Subscription price in the United States, Canada and 
Mexico, $2 per year; in foreign countries, $6 per year 

All remittances should be made to Thb Cycle Age 
Company. 



No reasonable business 
PUTS man objects to legiti- 

DEALERS mate competition. Ev- 

ON GUARD ^^y °°® objects, with 

good reasons, to under- 
hand methods, and when they are prac- 
ticed by a trust their tendency is to in- 
tensify the feeling of antipathy already 
generally entertained. 

The bicycle trade at large can easily 
take care of its business interests in com- 
petition with the trust so long as the lat- 
ter conducts its affairs on a fair basis, 
but may be relied upon to retaliate when 
its big competitor shows a disposition to 
resort to trickery. Dealers have, from 
time to time, reported abuses to which 
they have been subjected by the trust, 
of which abuses one of the most serious 
is the practice of salesmen who, whether 
acting under instructions or not, are in 
the habit of reporting that certain inde- 
pendent houses of excellent standing are 
about to abandon the bicycle business. 
These reports have been circulated so 
persistently as to have caused much an- 
noyance to both maker and dealer and 
may have caused actual loss. 

One maker whose position is such as 
to prove without question the absurdity 
of the report, has concluded that it is 
time notice were given to dealers to be 
on their guard, and has intimated that 
when the time comes for the independent 
maker to strike — and the time is coming 
with giant strides, as will be shown by 
the events of the next few months — he 
will not hesitate to call for an accounting 
by the people who are responsible for the 
outrage. 

"We have read with considerable in- 
terest," he says, "the matter which has 
appeared in the Cycle Age and the Wheel 
concerning the respective policies of the 
two papers. In the last copy of the 
Wheel the writer noted that the publisher 
of that paper had highly endorsed the 
past policy and management of the trust, 
laying particular emphasis on the fact 
that it had helped the trade as a whole 
and had carried on its business in a very 
conservative and dignified manner. This 
may be true, but we have certain good 
and valid reasons for believing that it has 
also done or allowed to be done a great 
deal of underhand work. 

"To get direct to the point, this com- 
pany, for the past six weeks, has been in 
receipt of letter after letter from cus- 
tomers, and a large number of letters 
from our salesmen — some of them having 
written three or four times on the sub- 
ject — to the effect that some had per- 
sistently circulated rumors that we are 
going out of the bicycle business and 



that this will be our last year in the 
trade. 

"We cannot imagine who could inspire 
such rumors unless it would be the Amer- 
ican Bicycle Co. We have traced a num- 
ber of the rumors down, and we find that 
this information has been given by sales- 
men handling trust goods. In some 
cases the report had been started by 
agents^ buying of the trust and who were 
in competition with bicycle men who pur- 
chased their goods of us. 

"It is unlikely we would be considered 
of such importance in the business as to 
be the only firm such rumors would be 
started about. We do not suppose that 
any of our customers would care one way 
or the other about such reports, but of 
course some of them think it would not 
be worth their while to push our goods 
this year if their supply would be cut off 
another year. They want to know now 
what the outcome would be, and we have 
assured them that we have no idea 
of going out of the business, and neither 
have we. We have spent too much 
money in advertising our goods and have 
too many good agents on our books to 
consider for a moment such a thing." 

The rider and dealer will decide for 
himself whether such conduct can be 
called fair competition and whether he 
will lend his assistance to obtain a mo- 
nopoly of the business to an institut4on 
by which such methods are employed. 

The official organist will now favor us 
with a selection, during the course of 
which he will assure us that the trust 
indignantly repudiates the assertions 
above made and is not responsible for 
the fabrications of its travelers! 

When the organization 
TRUST'S of the American Bicy- 

MECHANICAL cle Co. was first consid- 
-p A c^ ered one of the impor- 

tant advantages urged 
for such a combination of interests was 
that of reduced manufacturing costs. The 
point was well taken. A successful man- 
ufacturing combination should be able to 
manufacture well and cheaply. It cannot 
confine its efforts in the matter of expense 
reduction to methods of marketing. A 
penny saved in manufacture is generally 
a larger penny than that saved in sale 
unless the merit of the product be less- 
ened in the saving process. 

It is still, doubtless, the purpose of the 
trust to economize in manufacture. But 
little has been done in that direction this 
season on account of lack of time. The 
principal efforts to effect such a purpose 
so far have been in the direction of clos- 
ing factories. 

What will the trust do next year to 
lessen the manufacturing cost of its bi- 
cycles? What can it do? 

Is it cheaper to build two distinct 
styles of bicycles in one shop, poorly ar- 
ranged for the doubling of work, than to 
build them in two distinct shops? 

Can three bicycles, all suppositioiisly 
equal in grade but of different lines, de- 
sign of parts and construction be erected 
economically in one shop whose equip- 
ment comprises a quickly assorted jungle 
of tools and appliances and men from 



three shops formerly conducted on dis- 
tinct methods? 

Can the trust build economically with- 
out a thorough reorganization of its man- 
ufacturing system with a view to equip- 
ping each shop in the best possible man- 
ner for the rapid and cheap production of 
some certain part of the company's out- 
put? 

Can such a reorganization take pl?c-? 
without the services of a man competent 
to handle the whole proposition and de- 
termine, from a strictly mechanical stand- 
point what each shop is best fitted to 
produce and how it shall produce that 
one branch in best harmony with the 
working of the other shops? 

Where is the man who can take the un- 
finished work of many men, of many 
minds and mechanical prejudces, and 
harmonize it into one smoothly operating 
whole? 

Where is there, in the A. B. C, concen- 
tration of purpose suflicient to permit 
such a reorganization at the sacrifice of 
pet ideas sustained by individuals? 

Where is the mechanical director or 
committee who will dare to set the de- 
sign of the various models to be made by 
the trust, regardless of the wishes of a 
few controlling individuals? 

Where is the will, ability, energy and 
money sufficient to reorganize the manu- 
facturing facilities of the A. B. C? 
• • • 

When a dealer earns the reputation of 
always having on hand, ready for deliv- 
ery, or of being able to produce on short 
notice, any article in his line that a cus- 
tomer may require it may be said that his 
business is well established. 

The ability to deliver without delay 
any item of merchandise in the list of a 
dealer's stock involveg the employment 
of more capital than some dealers have 
at command; but it requires only a trif- 
ling outlay to procure information that 
will place them in touch with the manu- 
facturers of, or wholesale dealers in, such 
articles as are occasionally called for but 
not ordinarily kept in a dealer's stock. 
Descriptive circulars, catalogues and 
prices may be obtained for the asking. 
They should be filed where they can be 
readily referred to when occasion re- 
quires. As the demand for goods of this 
character grows samples or a small stock 
should be kept on hand. This in itself 
will help to develop the trade. 

To be able to fill repair orders prompt- 
ly is another long stride toward the goal 
of success. Keep tab on repair orders 
and learn what is most called for. This 
known, aim to carry a small supply of 
the parts in greatest demand. Keep the 
manufacturer's telegraph code handy, so 
that orders may be wired intelligibly and 
without delay. Be prepared always to 
say when repairs of some "machine not 
handled in your town are needed: "I 
know where to get them and will have 
Ihem here in short order." 

The rider soon comes to depend upon 
a dealer who thus looks after his custo- 
mers' wants and, when needing anything 
in the bicycle line, naturally seeks It at 
that dealer's place of b\;slnes3. 



36 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



LATEST STEP IN BOTTOM-BRACKET LITIGATION 



If the trust's attorneys expected to 
learn, on Monday, from the Snyder cona- 
pany's answer, anything of the strength 
of the defense to be made by the Cycle 
Trades Protective Association in the suit 
for alleged infringement of the Smith 
bottom-bracket patent they were disap- 
pointed. The answer was due on that 
day, at Utica, N. Y., but with a purpose 
in view which will eventually have an 
important bearing on the case, the oppos- 
ing attorneys filed a document which was 
totally unexpected. It pleads that a large 
number of makers have banded together 
for many illegal purposes, that the pat- 
ent was acquired in pursuance of a con- 
spiracy to restrain trade, that an attempt 
has been made to establish a monopoly 
and that the suit is in pursuance of a 
conspiracy to prevent competition, etc., 
contrary to the common law, an act of 
congress "to protect trade and commerce 
against unlawful restrictions and monop- 
olies, and to the laws of New York state." 
The plea asks for a ruling of the court 
whether any further answer is necessary. 
The complete document follows: 

Circuit Court of the United States, in and for 
THE Northern District of New York. 

The American Bicycle Company, com- 
plainant, against the H. P. Snyder Manu- 
facturing: Company, Titus Sheard, as presi- 
dent and director thereof and individually, 
Frank Senior, as secretary and a director 
thereof and indtvidually, and Homer P. 
Snyder, as treasurer and director thereof 
and individually, defendants. In Equity. No. 
6,830. 

These defendants, respectively, by protes- 
tation not confessing or acknowledging all 
or any of the matters and things in the said 
complainant's bill of complaint mentioned 
and contained, to be true, as the same are 
therein set forth and alleged, for plea to the 
whole of the said bill, say: 

Upon information and belief that hereto- 
fore and prior to the 12th day of May, 1899, 
certain corporations and partnerships, which 
had been formed in various states of the 
United States, and which were rivals in bus- 
iness and engaged in the manufacture and 
sale of bicycles and the parts and accesso- 
ries thereof, to wit: Ames & Frost Com- 
pany, Chicago, 111.; Acme Manufacturing 
Company, Reading, Pa.; Barnes Cycle Co., 
Syracuse, N. Y. ; Black Manufacturing Co., 
Erie, Pa.; Buffalo Cycle Manufacturing Co., 
Buffalo, N. Y. ; Colton Cycle Co., Toledo, 
Ohio; Crawford Manufacturing Co., Hagers- 
town, Md. ; Columbus Cycle Co., Columbus, 
Ohio; Fay Manufacturing Co., Elyria, Ohio; 
Fanning Cycle Co., Chicago, 111.; A. Feather- 
stone & Company, Chicago, 111. ; Geneva Cy- 
cle Co., Geneva, Ohio; Grand Rapids Cycle 
Co., Grand Rapids, Mich.: Hartford Cycle 
Company, Hartford, Conn. ; Indian Cycle 
Company, Indianapolis, Ind. ; Lamb Manu- 
facturing Company, Chicopee Falls, Mass.; 
H. A. Lozier & Company, Cleveland, Ohio; 
A. Meiselbach & Companj', Milwaukee, Wis- 
consin; Milwaukee Engineering Company, 
Milwaukee, Wis.; Monarch Cycle Co., Chi- 
cago, 111.; North Buffalo Wheel Co., Buffalo, 
N. Y. ; Nutall Manufacturing Company. 
Nyack, N. Y. ; Peoria Rubber Manufacturing 
Co., Peoria, 111.; Pope Manufacturing Com- 
pany, Hartford, Conn. ; Shelby Cycle Manu- 
facturing Company, Shelby, Ohio; E. C. 
Stearns & Company, Syracuse, N. Y. ; Syra- 
cuse Cycle Co., Syracuse, N. Y. ; Sterling Cy- 
cle Works, Kenosha, Wis. ; Stover Bicycle 
Manufacturing Company, Freeport, 111. ; 
Viking Manufacturing' Company, Toledo, 
Ohio; White Serving Machine Company, 
Cleveland, Ohio; Western Wheel Works, 
Chicago, 111., and others, conspired together 
and entered into a contract with each other 
for the purpose of monopolizing and con- 
trolling the manufacture and sale of bicy- 
cles and bicycle accessories throughout the 
United States; for the purpose of fixing the 
minimum price thereof; and for the pur- 
pose of restraining and preventing competi- 
tion therein; and to effect the said purposes, 
each of the said corporations and partner- 
ships and others, agreed to sell its plant or 
a part thereof, to a new corporation to be 
organized under the laws of the State of 
New Jersey. 



That upon information and belief, each of 
the parties to the said agreement manufac- 
tured bicycles and bicycle accessories under 
patents, and that the patent in suit was 
conveyed to the complainant corporation in 
pursuance of the said conspiracy to restrain 
trade in the different states where the said 
corporations and partnerships were located, 
and throughout the whole of the United 
States. 

That this complainant is alleged to have 
been incorporated in the State of New Jer- 
sey on the 12th day of May, 1S99, and that 
the purposes for which it was organized as 
expressed in its articles of incorporation, 
are: 

"The manufacturing and selling of bicy- 
cles, and all parts and accessories thereof, 
and the carrying on of any trade or busi- 
ness incident thereto or connected therewith; 
the manufacturing and selling of automobile 
vehicles and electric and other motors, and 
the carrying on of any trade or business in-, 
cident thereto or connected therewith; the 
carrying on of any manufacturing or mer- 
cantile business lawful in the place where 
such business shall be carried on; the ap- 
plying for, purchasing, or otherwise acquir- 
ing, holding," owning, using-, operating, sell- 
ing, assigning and granting or taking li- 
censes in respect of any and all inventions, 
improvements, and processes used in con- 
nection with, or secured under Letters Pat- 
ent of the United States or elsewhere; the 
acquiring and undertaking of all or any part 
of the business, assets and liabilities of any 
person, firm, association, or corporation; the 
taking, acquiring, purchasing, holding, own- 
ing, renting, leasing, selling, exchanging, 
mortgaging, improving, cultivating, develop- 
ing and otherwise dealing in and disposing 
of any and all property, real and personal, 
of every description, incident to, or capable 
of being used in connection with the afore- 
said businesses, or any of them; the sub- 
scription for, purchasing, holding, selling, 
assigning, transferring, mortgaging, pledg- 
ing, exchanging, or otherwise disposing of 
shares of the capital stock of any other cor- 
poration, or corporations, created under the 
laws of this State, or any other State or 
county, and the exercising while owner of 
said stocks, of all the rights, powers and 
privileges, including the right to vote there- 
on, which natural persons being the owners 
of such stocks, might, could, or would exer- 
cise; the subscribing for, purchasing, hold- 
ing, owning, selling, assigning, transferring, 
mortgaging, pledging, exchanging or other- 
wise disposing of any mortgagee bonds, de- 
bentures, or other securities or evidences of 
indebtedness created by any other corpora- 
tion of this or any other State or country, in 
the same manner and to the same extent as 
natural persons being the owners thereof, 
might, could or would do: and generally, the 
doing of any and every act or acts, thing or 
things, incidental to, growing out of, or 
connected with the aforesaid businesses, or 
any part or parts thereof. 

"The corporation shall also have power to 
conduct its business in all its branches, 
have one or more offices and unlimitedly to 
hold, purchase, mortgage and convey real 
and personal property out of the State of 
New Jersey, and in any and all other States 
and foreign countries." 

Upon information and belief that from the 
date of its alleged organization, up to the 
present time, the complainant has attempt- 
ed to monopolize a part of the trade and 
commerce among the several states through- 
out the United States in the manufacturing, 
vending and supplying bicycles and bicycle 
accessories throughout the United States; 
and that the manner in which the complain- 
ant has atte^npted to monopolize the said 
trade and commerce is as follows: 

(a) The complainant has combined, con- 
spired, and contracted with its own stock- 
holders, with the said corporations and part- 
nerships, and with others; to buy various 
other establishments engaged in the manu- 
facture and sale of bicycles and bicycle ac- 
cessories; to control and monopolize the 
manufacture and trade in bicycles and bicy- 
cle accessories; to fix the prices at which the 
major portion of the bicycles and bicycle ac- 
cessories shall be. and are now sold through- 
out the United States; and to prevent and 
restrain competition in the manufacture and 
sale of bicycles and bicycle accessories. 

(b) The complainant has combined, con- 



spired, and contracted with the said cor- 
porations, partnerships and with others, to 
monopolize and obtain control of the patent 
in suit, and also the patents generally, which 
I'elate to bicycles, and the parts and acces- 
sories thereof. 

(c) That this suit is in pursuance of this 
complainant's conspiracy, and purpose to 
prevent competition, and to monopolize a 
part of' the trade and commerce of the 
United States, contrary to the Common Law, 
the Act of Congress of the United States, 
entitled "An Act to Protect Trade and Com- 
merce against Unlawful Restrictions and 
Monopolies," being chapter 647; and contrary 
to the Statutes of the State of New York, 
being chapter 384, sec. 7, of the laws of New 
York, of 1897, and chap. 690, sees. 1 & 2, of the 
laws of New York of 1899. 

All which matters and things these de- 
fendants do aver to be true, and they plead 
that the intent, purpose, and existence of 
the complainant corporation, is against pub- 
lic policy and in violation of the said Stat- 
utes, they pray the judgment of this Hon- 
orable Court whether they should be com- 
pelled to make any other or further answer 
to the said bill of complaint, and pray to be 
hence dismissed with their costs and charges 
in that behalf most wrongfully sustained. 
H. P. Snyder Mfg. Co. 
H. P. Snyder. Treas. 
James Harold Warner, 
Solicitor and of Counsel for Delendants. 
Dyrenforth & Dyrenforth, 
for C miBjl. 

This action on the part of the defend- 
ants may or may not seriously delay the 
final outcome of the suit. The prospects 
are that it will not, for, eager as are the 
trust people, as explained some time ago 
by Attorney Redding to a Cycle Age man, 
to hasten a decision, they are no more 
willing to expedite matters than are their 
opponents. 

A gentleman identified with the trust 
stated, on Tuesday, that, in his opinion, 
the plea would be of no advantage to the 
defendants, except, perhaps, to secure for 
them a little more time than they would 
otherwise have, to secure evidence. Simi- 
lar pleas, he said, had been filed in other 
cases, but without success. 

The attorneys and others associated 
with the defense prefer to say nothing for 
publication at present, except that they 
have absolute confidence that the trust 
will eventually be beaten and that they 
will do all in their power to hasten a de- 
cision. 

Buffalo Managers Are Anxioos. 

Buffalo, May 8. — A quiet but energetic 
conflict is said to be waging among the 
local branch stores of the trust, brought 
about, it is alleged, by an impression 
gained by the managers relative to the 
intentions of the powers that be, with 
reference to the future of the local stores. 
A hint is said to have been passed around 
that the local retail interests of the big 
company are to be amalgamated and 
that the head of the branch which closed 
the season with the highest average in 
point of sales would be selected to man- 
age the combined interests. It is gener- 
ally denied by the local managers that 
there is any contest between them and 
all plead ignorance of any contemplated 
changes in the methods of conducting 
their respective charges. There is never- 
theless a suspicion in the minds of all 
that some changes are to be made and it 
is known that much hustling is going on 
to increase sales. 



Announcement is made in the German 
trade papers that a German printing com- 
pany in Shanghai, which employs only 
Chin-ese as typesetters, offers to print 
catalogues in the Chinese language at 
very cheap prices. Thus the great com- 
mercial world of Germany can get cata- 
logues printed cheap by Chinese labor 
and enlighten the Chinamen of the na- 
ture of all things German. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



37 



Patee 6rest Tanderr) 





The Patee Crest Tandem has always 
been recognized by racing men as a 
most superior machine for pacing and 
track use. It is light, strong and rigid, 
and a wonderful speed machine. 

Hundreds of them are in constant 
use by club men for both road and track 
work and they give universal satisfac- 
tion. 
Made in Double Diamond and Drop Front; single and double steer. Will carry any weight rider safely over all kinds of roads. Cannot 
be sprung out of line. 



PATEE CREST, MODEL B, $25.00 ^^^^^^^^^^ 

lars in America. Dealers who get our agency are wise. Write for catalogue and prices .... 



BAKER & HAMILTON 

EXCLUSIVE AGENTS PACIFIC COAST STATES 

San Francisco, Cal. 



P2itec Bicycle Gornpairjy 

III to 115 nain 5t., P?oria, 111. 



GENUINE SNAP 

A HIGH GRADE 1900 MODEL BICYCLE AT LESS 
THAN MANUFACTURER'S ACTUAL COST^ ^ ^ 



Seamless tubing frame; 
full flush joints; one- 
piece hanger; large 
forged steel sprockets; 
diamond shape cranks; 
1900 Baldwin pattern 
3-16 inch chain; guar- 
anteed tires 



FULLY GUARANTEED. NO JOB 
LOT. PRICES GUARANTEED 
FOR THE SEASON. WILL BE 
SOLD EITHER STRIPPED OR 
COMPLETE Jt^jtji^jtjk^jk 



This machine is a thor- 
oughly reliable, well 
made and well known 
up-to-date bicycle. 
Having advanced a sum 
of money we were in a 
position to dictate pri- 
ces. You get the benefit. 



A $35.00 BICYCLE FOR ACTUALLY LESS THAN 
HALF THE REGULAR PRICE .^ .^ ^ v#« ^ .^ ^ .^ ^ 



W. D. HODSON 



30-3« LA SALLE STREET 



CHICAGO, ILL. 



S8 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



OPEN LETTERS FROM DEALERS 



News/ Experiences and Sentiments of the Men in Closest Touch 

With the Public 



p. Gitter, Columbus, O.— "Unlike the man 
whose letter you quoted recently, I find the 
dealer can learn a great deal from the ex- 
perience of others, who are not so selfish as 
to desire to suppress every improvement, 
but are willing to give details through the 
Cycle Age. I enclose a renewal of my sub- 
scription. If it should expire before I re- 
new again, please do not stop it. I learn a 
great deal from its columns." 

W. E. Norwood, Cortland, N. Y.— "Please 
send me some anti-trust stickers. They are 
the stuff the people of this place like to see, 
for it is a manufacturing city and the work- 
men do not like the A. B. C." 

Good Fellowship Prevails. 

Pritchard & Powers, Memphis, Tenn.— 
"Business has opened up in good style and 
everybody in the cycle trade is happy. H. A. 
White, one of the oldest and most enter- 
prising dealers, got married and is gone on 
his wedding trip. J. P. Parker has added a 
complete nickel plating plant to his already 
well equipped bicycle business. 

"There is no organization or formal asso- 
ciation among the dealers here, but the best 
of fellowship prevails and there is no at- 
tempt at ruinous competition. A few small 
shops have cut the price for punctures from 
thirty-five cents to a quarter. The reputable 
repair men are benefited rather than in- 
jured by this. The fellow that will run 
from shop to shop trying to save ten cents 
on a puncture is usually an individual with 
a worn out tire that will cause trouble, and 
the better class of shops are glad to let the 
cut price man have It. 

"I do not think a man who keeps a bicycle 
store should be called an agent. The time 
may have been when we were agents, but 
we are dealers now. It is true we have a 
kind of contract with makers of various 
bicycles, but these contracts are often vio- 
lated by either party, and do not form a 
compact sufficient to constitute "principal" 
and "agent" in their proper sense. I believe 
the time will come when a dealer can sell 
any make he can pay for, regardless of con- 
tracts the factories may have with other 
dealers in the same town. "When a man 
buys his goods and pays for them he is 
not an agent. 

"The coaster brake is making its way to 
the front. People who have given up bicy- 
cling are coming back and asking about 
coaster brakes and cushion frames. There 
is a greater demand for ladles' bicycles this 
season than last. The racing boys are be- 
ginning to talk about our annual road race, 
which will take place the last of May. It 
is a country affair, free for all, and is al- 
ways contested heavily." 
Better Business With Independent I,ines. 

Ira L.. Gardner, Middletown, Conn., is now 
agent for four independent machines. Last 
year he handled the Crawford, Barnes, Syr- 
acuse and Geneva, but dropped them all be- 
cause he found he could get better goods for 
less money and better treatment from Inde- 
pendent makers. 

He reports that he has not lost a sale 
through dropping his late lines, and that 
his business up to date Is considerably 
larger than up to the same time last year. 

Good Trade in Santa Ana. 

J. A. Hankey, Santa Ana, Cal.— "There are 
at present eight concerns engaged in the 
bicycle business here, but four of these do 
nearly all of the business. A. Y. Wright, 
who handled the Snell, has sold out his 
business. 

"We have an agrreement among the re- 
pairers, in consequence of which there has 
been little price cutting. Occasionally some 
one gets a little frisky and attempts to kick 
over the traces, but some of us reason with 
him and up to date we have no trouble 
either in standard sundries or repair work. 

"The trust proposition cuts practically no 
figure here. I handle mostly trust wheels 
and have no complaints to make. Last year 
I sold 414 new machines; this year, that is 
since January 1, 144 have been disposed of 



in spite of keen competition. My line is 
exclusively bicycles and sundries. I handle 
no sewing machines, cutlery, etc., as most 
of the dealers do. 

"The people generally like black enamel, 
and the higher priced and better makes of 
machines are In greater demand than the 
cheaper grades." 

Assembling Sid Kot Fay. 

The Oklahoma Cycle Co., Oklahoma City, 
O. T., reports that it does most of the cycle 
business there, conducts the only repair 
shop, and that the hardware stores are 
dropping out of business. If it were not for 
the repair department, the proprietors say, 
they could hardly exist, but they do all 
kinds of gun work and bicycle and general 
repairing. 

The people know so little about the forma- 
tion of the trust that they do not ask any- 
thing about the maker of the machine. 
Some time ago the company did a little in 
assembling machines, but found it did not 
pay. The company disposed of 156 machines 
last year. 

Only Dealer in Merrill. 

John Walking, Merrill, Mich.— "This is a 
small village twenty miles from Saginaw, 
fourteen miles from St. L.ouis, of 600 people. 
I am the only dealer. I handle the Feath- 
erstone, Calumet, Racycle and some cheaper 
grades. 

"We have very bad roads and my sales 
last year numbered only twenty-two. The 
trust is a detriment to me in the matter 
of price. A very small part of it is all I 
want. 

"For the purpose of making my window 
display attractive I use a half-round flower- 
stand covered with black cambrlt. I handle 
guns as a side-line and conduct a repair 
shop." 

Has a Desirable Sideline. 

Geo. W. Austin, Central Lake, Mich.— 
"The Patee Is my leader, but I also have 
the agency for the Eagle and Columbia. 
My sales last year numbered 54. I keep 
a repair department, consider it necessary, 
and can down any dealer who has none. 

"Makers should be more liberal with deal- 
ers, should reduce the cost of parts, be 
more careful In assembling and above all, 
cement tires on to stay. Purchasers don't 
ask whether machines are made by the 
trust or not. Durable goods will win in the 
end. 

"I don't want new agencies. In a small 
town a man can do better with the same 
make year after year. The selling of the 
bicyole does not end the deal, for It must 
be kept In order without expense to the 
purchaser, and you can't do that with too 
many different machines. 

"My side-line Is a salary from a bank and 
it is a -splendid line, too. 

"I don't approve of many changes every 
year. Machines should be as simply con- 
structed as possible, with two-inch drop of 
han-jer, medium sized sprockets and weight 
in the neighborhood of 25 or 26 pounds. The 
popular prices here are $25 and $35." 

^ A Well Satisfied Dealer. 

William H. Hart, Roanoke, Va.— "I am 
doing a splendid business. My sales last 
year numbered 100 and this season I ex- 
pect to sell more. The machines handled 
are the Racycle, Iver Johnson, Olive, Elk, 
Ariel, Stormer, Clipper and Hartford. I 
run a first-class machine shop in connection 
with my bicycle business and think I am 
doing the largest business in the city." 

Keep the Show Case in Order. 

Yerby & Pendleton, Leslie, Mich.— "We 
carry a line of sundries but make a spe- 
cialty of repairing and do not handle or 
assemble machines. The season has opened 
slowly owing to the rain and cold weather, 
but the prospects are good. 

"We find it pays to keep the showcase in 
order so that the customer may see what 
he wants. It sometimes results in a pur- 
chase of some article which he would other- 



wise have forgotten. Frequent change in 
the arrangement of sundries is desirable. 

"We find the Cycle Age a good thing, es- 
pecially those departments devoted to me- 
chanical topics and hints for workmen, 
which furnish excellent suggestions." 

Miller & Co.. Vancouver, B. C.— "Business 
has been good here for the la'st month. We 
are handling the Eagle and Gendron and 
sell two of the former to one of the latter. 
We enclose subscriptions to Cycle Age and 
Motor Age. Would not like to miss a copy 
of Cycle Age; we think too much of it as a 
help in our business. If the Motor Age is as 
good, the two will be a hard pair to beat." 

Become I^anded Proprietors. 

Prince Wells and Louis Haupt, dealers in 
Louisville, Ky., ihave recently purchased 
property on Fourth avenue for $38,000 and 
will build a four-story building, the first to 
be occupied by them as stores and the upper 
floors to be used for apartments. 

An Sxpert Machinist. 

Bicycle repairing and rifle making are two 
important branches of business with which 
Fred Goff, of Portland, Me., is thoroughly 
familiar. He has a place of business at 
40 Market street, and just at this season 
of the year is giving considerable attention 
to the renovating of the last year's bicy- 
cles. 

Complete wheels, built up with Morrow 
coaster and brake hubs, are being adver- 
tised as a catching novelty by the Bicycle 
Emporium at 22 Harlow street, Bangor, Me., 
which points out that these can be quickly 
substituted for the regular driving wheels, 
so that the rider will have practically two 
types of machine, either of which may be 
used at will. 

Edmond W. Joy, of Wapello, Iowa, renews 
his subscription to the Cycle Age and says, 
"I must have it in my business, as I had 
the Referee formerly." 

Makes :Fngines pnd Dynamos. 

The manufacture of steam engines and 
electric dynamos is the unusual but profita- 
ble side line with which James N. Boyce, 
398 State street. New Haven, Conn., occupies 
the spare moments not required by his bicy- 
cle renting and repair business. He has re- 
cently made a 24 horse power steam engine 
for use in the south and has also built sev- 
eral dynamos for lighting purposes, one of 
forty and another of twenty-light power. 

Do Not i;ike Sunday Work. 

Lyons & Co., Grand Forks, N. D.— "The 
only thing we find to kick about just now 
Is Sunday repair work. If we don't do it 
the jther fellow will. What are we to do 
about it?" 

Why Independents are Preferred. 

Hagan & Newland, El Paso, Tex.— "We 
are selling trust goods when we have to, 
but are pushing independents because of 
liberal policy and decent treatment by the 
makers and because we make $5 more on the 
machines." 

Bargain Corner Attracts Attention. 

Charles C. Notling & Co., Louisville, Ky.— 
"A new firm In the bicycle business here is 
the Ben Vogt Hardware Co. We handle 
the World and the Western Wheel Works 
line. 

"We find it good policy to have a bar- 
gain corner in our window, changing it 
weekly. We offer saddles, lamps and sun- 
dries at special prices, which calls atten- 
tion to our window and enables us to dis- 
pose of a lot of shopworn stock." 

Thirteen Years Old. 

Haight & Gardner, New York.— "This firn; 
has been in business thirteen years. fVb 
are doing a large repair business and build 
wheels to order, which seem to be popular 
in our section of the city. We do a general 
brokerage in standard machines, both new 
and second hand, and circulate printed 
price lists in all directions." 

Corp Bros., Providence, R. I. — "We sell 
Corp and Snell bicycles and can use a dozen 
anti-trust posters. There is a strong anti- 
trust sentiment here." 

E. C. Sterne, of Indianapolis, has issued a 
handbill headed, "Beware of Trusts," and 
containing the names of the principal ma- 
chines made by the A. B. C. 

J. H. Cross, of Owen Sound, Ont., handles 
nothing but Snell bicycles. He handled the 
Viking for two years, but writes that he 
dropped it when the trust got possession 
of it. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



39 



NORTHWEST TRADE HEAVY 



Twin City Jobbers Placing Second Orders- 
Manufacturers Ready for Them — 
Unusual Sandries Sales. 



Considerable activity is noted among 
jobbers of bicycles in the northwest and 
a general belief prevails among dealers 
that this season's sales will be much 
larger than those of a year ago. In the 
early part of the season many were led 
to believe that the season's trade would 
not be as large as that of 1899, owing to 
the considerable amount of talk as to the 
waning popularity of the bicycle, says the 
Hardware Trade (Minneapolis). This, 
however, has not proved to be true, as 
dealers in many instances are rushed 
with orders, and in most cases these or- 
ders are larger than in past seasons. 
Instead of ordering one or two machines, 
the dealer is calling for enough bicycles 
to make up a sales stock. These orders 
range all the way from a half dozen up- 
ward. 

Short on Mediutn Priced Models. 

The most popular models this season 
• are those that retail at from $20 to ?35, 
and on these lines the jobbers are short. 
A few local jobbers stated that they had 
thus far sold all the machines they had 
contracted for and are placing second 
orders of good proportion with the fac- 
tories. Manufacturers, as a rule, are in 
good position to fill these orders, as most 
jobbers placed their regular contracts 
early in the season. The bicycles ordered 
early have been manufactured and deliv- 
ered, giving the manufacturer plenty of 
opportunity to fill all second orders that 
may be turned in. It is generally ex- 
pected that the coming month will be a 
busy one among jobbers, at least such 
are the present indications. 

Unprecedented Demand for Sundries. 

A good trade is being done in bicycle 
sundries. Never in the history of the 
local trade has the business been so good 
as at present. There is a constantly 
growing demand for all articles in the 
sundries line, with saddles and tires pre- 
dominating. The increased business in 
this line is said by dealers to be due to 
the large number of old mounts that are 
being ridden, though in country sections 
it seems to be quite the fad to own a 
lamp and- bell, aside from the large num- 
ber of cyclometers, toe clips, and other 
lines being used. Coaster brakes have 
also forced their way to the front, and 
many who have purchased new machines 
this season have added this to their outfit. 



CUSHION FRAMES WELL LIKED 



Public Appreciates Comfort— Detroit Dealer 
Finds Them Ready Sellers. 



The cushion frame has come to take 
its place with those other two attach- 
ments for cycling luxury, the chainless 
gear and the coaster brake. Its growth 
has been gradual and on its own merits. 
Realizing its value as a feature, such con- 
cerns as the Geo. N. Pierce Co., E. C. 
Stearns & Co., Iver Johnson Arms & Cy- 
cle Works, Frontenac Mfg. Co., Olive 
Wheel Co., Kirk Mfg. Co., Reading Stand- 
ard Mfg. Co. and Outing Mfg. Co. have 
adopted it and it has been made one of 
their chief talking points. How supreme 
in value as a selling feature the Pierce 
people have regarded it is evidenced by 
the poster of the badly rattled man and 
the easy rider now known from one end 
of the country to the other. 

Hitherto the Hygienic Wheel Co., 220 
Broadway, New York, has been content 
to conduct a silent campaign of education 
up to the new idea of luxury in riding 
and has seen the cushion frame adopted 
by maker after maker. Now it purposes 



to enter on an aggressive campaign for 
the spread of the cushion frame idea with 
the rider and dealer, that in the end the 
demand on the manufacturer, to whom 
the right to attach it alone is given, may 
be universal. 

A widely known Detroit dealer has 
found the cushion frame so effective a 
selling feature that he has circularized 
his city with local testimonials and in- 
serted half-page advertisements of this 
feature in the dailies. 



RETAIL TRADE MISCELLANY 



X-Rays in Tire Suit, 

Roentgen X rays played an important 
part in a recently tried English tire suit 
brought by the Dunlop Pneumatic Tire 
Co. against the Wapshare Tube Co., Ltd., 
for alleged infringement of the Welch 
tire patents. The principal point of dis- 
pute between the litigants and the one 
on which the question of infringement 
was based, was as to whether the Wap- 



ANTI-TRUST 

STICKERS 



When applied to a bicycle 
frame they look like this : 




Supplied in various colors 

without charge..„ Your 

customers will use them 

freely Send stamp for 

postage. ::::::: 



THE CYCLE AGE 

MONON BUILDING,^ .^ ^CHICAGO 



share tire was held on the rim by com- 
pression of the wires to the bottom of 
the rim or by the mere fact of the wires 
being inextensible, as in the Welch pat- 
ent, the edges of the Wapshare tire be- 
ing made of a combination of wire and 
canvas. In the re-examination of wit- 
nesses, Dugald Clerk, a scientific expert 
on the Dunlop side, produced his Roent- 
gen ray apparatus, erected a screen on 
the bench and set the machinery in mo- 
tion. The judge looked through the shade 
at the Wapshire tire fitted to a wood rim, 
wood being transparent in the rays. The 
wires, the judge said, were certainly 
apart and not compressed in the bottom 
of the rim. Witnesses for the defense 
testified that whether the edges were at 
the bottom of the rim or not upon in- 
flation of the tires, the limit of extensi- 
bility of the edges was not reached when 
the tire was in position on the rim and 
that there were frictional and tensional 
forces in the edges of the tire. The ex- 
periments in court excited much interest. 



Condensed Report of New Stores and Repair 

Shops Opened, Changes of 

Ownership, Etc. 



New Repair Shops. 

Newton, N. H.— C. F. Carter. 

\Vayne, Mich.— Charles Culler, Wil.son 
block. 

Nephi, Utah.— John Belliston. 

Tully, N. Y.— O. N. Hines, Payne building, 
Main street. 

Brazil, Ind.— Sam Grimes. 

New Haven, Conn.- C. W. Green,- Lewis 
block. 

Utica, N. Y.— Cole Brothers, 915 Blocker 
street. 

Swanton, Vt.— Wiimot N. Mayhew. 

Winnebago. Minn.— W. W. Pike. 

Loogoote, III.— Albert Len. 

Crete, 111.— O. H. King. 

Constantino, Mich.— G. A. Ewers. 

Grand Marias, Mich.— N. C. Viou. 

Sulphur, ^V. Va.— C. L. Wiseman. 

Merrill, Mich.— Zuker & Brenner. 

Dewitt, Mich.— E. P. Chadwick. 

Rhinelander, Wis.— E. S. Anderson. 

Riegelsville, Pa.— Emanuel Druckenmiller. 

Utica, N. Y.— C. E. Moore, 68 Sunset ave. 

Changes of Ownership. 

Pomona, Cal— Reeves & Bell to Colie Bell. 

Tioga, 111.— Weiler & Ott to Weiler & Ha- 
neise. 

Naperville, 111.- Scherer & Ester to C. 
Scherer & Son. 

Cedar Springs, Mich.— S. A. Nickerson to 
Rose & Stag. 

Sheldon, la.— Dixon & Collins to G. W. 
Collins. 

Mound City, Ks.— Mantey Brothers to J. A. 
Mantey. 

Centreville, Md.— Wright & McKenny to 
W. McKenny & Lowe. 

Lampasas, Tenn.— J. A. & F. R. Ramsdell 
to F. R. Ramsdell. 

Establishments Sold. 

Elkton. Mich.— Davis E. Winer. 
Vernon Centre. Minn.— E. A. Cooper & Co. 
Stanford, Ky.— B. K. Wearen & Son. 
Florence, Ont.— Brown Brothers. 

Damaged by Fire. 

Montgomery, Ala.— Todd's Gun Store. 
Glasgow, Ky.— Wood & Mueller. 
Chelsea, Mass.— McLean Brothers, 427 
Broadway. 
Brownsville, Tenn.— T. B. King. 



Corrects Trust Organ Statement. 

It will be remembered that in an effort 
to discredit this paper the trust organ 
made the statement that Luthy & Co. of 
Peoria do not make bicycles. Under 
date of May 3 the firm wrote the offender 
as follows: "We cannot understand what 
prompted such an article. We certainly 
take it for granted that you know it was 
not true and is, therefore, malicious. 
While we have not built quite so many 
wheels this year as last, we have built 
wheels continuously since last October 
and are still doing so, making liberal 
shipments daily and have salesmen on 
the road. If your article was inspired 
because we do not advertise with you, we 
should regret it, as we did not think you 
would stoop to such methods." 



To send highly finished and expensive 
machines to China at this stage, and in 
the face of the cheap German competi- 
tion, will be a mistake, writes an Amer- 
ican consul, commenting on the sew- 
ing machine trade in China, whose re- 
marks may without inconsistence be 
taken as applying equally to bicycles. 
The wives and daughters of rich China- 
men may now and then demand an ex- 
pensive machine, but the masses will 
only accept a cheap and very simple ar- 
ticle, solid, easy moving and low priced. 



Ask your newsdealer for a copy of the 
Motor Age this week. 



40 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



CURRENT MECHANICAL TOPICS 



AIR TIGHT CASE FOR ENAMELS 



Basily Made Steering Head Reamer— Other 
Cycle Repair Shop Kinks. 



Port Clinton, 0. — Editor Cycle Age: 
^The accompanying sketches show a few 
shop schemes which I have found con- 
venient. 

Fig. 1 presents a section through one 
corner of a galvanized sheet iron case 
for holding cans of enamel. The case it- 
self can be made of any size that is 
deemed suitable to hold what enamel is 
kept on hand. The upper edge of the 
case, is surrounded by a narrow trough 
and the edges of the lid to the case are 
turned down so that they will lie within 
the trough. The trough is kept nearly 
full of water. It is evident that this con- 
struction affords an air tight fit and aiso 
allows the ready removal of the lid. En- 
amel in cans placed in this case may be 
kept indefinitely and it is not necessary 
to cover the cans as the case excludes 
the outside air entirely. It is an ex- 
tremely convenient addition to an enam- 
eling room. 

The tool shown in Fig. 2 is one that I 
made for reaming out steering heads for 
the reception of the ball cups. The end 
A of the arbor is adapted to be held in 
a drill chuck so that the work of reaming 
out heads can be done on an ordinary 
hand or power drill press. The cutter B 
was first turned to correct diameter from 
good tool steel and the sixteen teeth filed 
out by hand. The teeth were spaced oft 
in the lathe, using one of the change 
gears with sixteen teeth as an index. 
After the teeth were filled the cutter was 
hardened and tempered and fastened to 
the arbor by a nut. It works well. A 
similar tool might be made for reaming 
out fork stems. 

The double end screw driver shown in 
Fig. 3 was made by bending a round 
steel rod to a right angle and then forg- 
ing and filing the ends to shape. An as- 
sortment of such screw drivers, each of 
which has two sizes of blade, will be 
found useful for starting heavy screws 
that resist the ordinary straight screw 
driver. They are easy to make and inex- 




pensive. If desired some of them can be 
made of tool steel and tempered. 

Fig. 4 shows the method I have adopted 
for assembling chain links. The side 
plate B is placed against the face of a 
small block C having a hole S slightly 
larger than the reduced end of the pin or 
rivet A. By pressing the parts together 
in a medium size vise as shown in the 
sketch, the side plate B may be very eas- 
ily and neatly seated. When two rivets 
or pins are put in the same side links two 
blocks C must be used. These blocks are 
easily made. 

A very convenient way to hold a frame 
for enameling, and one which dispenses 
with a regular stand or jack, is shown in 
Fig. 5. A rod which will fit nicely within 
the seat mast of the bicycle frame is 



clamped horizontally between the jaws 
of a swivel vise. The frame when so 
supported can be turned to almost any 
position and is always secure against 
falling. This way of holding a frame is 
also convenient for assembling the bicy- 



USE FOR CLOTHES WRINGER 







7?r£ CfCLt 46C- 



cle and for rubbing down the frame with 
pumice stone or emery after a coating of 
enamel has been baked. 

To center or line up the rear end of a 
frame the method shown in Fig. 6 proves 
satisfactory. A long rod B perfectly 
straight, is used for a gauge. One end of 
the rod is cross drilled to receive a light 
pin snugly. By placing the long rod B 
in contact with the seat mast and the 
lower tube of the front frame and adjust- 
ing the cross rod to touch the rear fork 
end fitting and then placing B in a re- 
verse position on the other side of the 
frame, any error in alignment of the fork 
tubes may be readily discovered and cor- 
rected. It would not hurt the business of 
many repairmen who build bicycles if 
they would use more care in lining up 
their frames. — S. E. Frew. 



Much Invented Article. 

The growing popularity of the inserted 
cutter tool for lathes, planers and similar 
machine tools is resulting in widespread 
invention of such appliance. Patents for 
tool holders are coming through the pat- 
ent office with almost the same regularity 
as cycle supports. 

The latest product of the kind is shown 
in the accompanying illustration. It is 
the invention of D. B. Hyde of Spring- 
field, Mass. In the rectangular section 
shank of the tool is cut a longitudinal 
channel whose bottom extends obliquely 
upward from the lower side of the shank 
to the upper corner of the front end of 
the latter. A triangular piece inserted 
in the channel and riveted in position 
converts the channel into an oblique 
square hole to receive the square steel 
rod ground on the exposed end to act as 




//r^<^^/^ ^^z- 



cutting tool. A set screw threaded 
through the head of the holder is used to 
secure the adjustable cutter in place. The 
tool is at least simple, both in making 
and in using. 



How That Common Article May Be Made 
Into a Serviceable Tire Deflator. 



Leslie, Mich. — Editor Cycle Age: — The 
sketch herewith is of a tire or inner tube 
deflator which we made from an old 
clothes wringer. The wringer was cut 
down to about four inches wide, inside 
measurement, and a pair of wires or cords 
arranged with foot piece so that the upper 
roller might be drawn down against the 
pressure of the springs that tend to keep 
it away from the lower roller. It is best 
when using such a deflator to have a 
valve cap or pump connection drilled 
with an escape hole so that it may be 
screwed to the tire valve to allow the 
free escape of air and leave both hands 
free, one to turn the crank and the other 
to guide the tube through the rollers. 
The machine is also useful for setting 
patches on inner tubes. 

We find it pays to keep in the shop a 
well filled show case of sundries. The 
customer can then see what he wants 
without inquiring for it and is also liable 
to notice and purchase articles that he 
has wanted but has forgotten. A change 
in the arrangement of the sundries in 
the case now and then helps to attract 
attention. 

We find the Cycle Age a "good thing," 




:^f(rri-i-i/l'^£ 



especially the department, "Current me- 
chanical topics." — Yerby & Pendleton. 

Calcium Carbide in the Eye. 

Handling calcium carbide is such a 
common thing with cycle dealers and re- 
pairers as well as with riders, that prob- 
ably few ever think of the serious conse- 
quence that would follow if a small piece 
should accidentally fiy into the eye. The 
water constantly flowing over the eye- 
ball would instantly decompose the car- 
bide, creating painful heat and produc- 
ing slacked lime. Should an accident of 
this sort happen, probably the most effi- 
cient means of cleaning the eye is to use 
large quantities of tepid water. The suf- 
ferer should plunge his head into a pail 
of water and open his eye if necessary, 
and if the pain is so great that he can- 
not open it very well, it may be stretched 
open with the fingers. Absolute cleanli- 
ness is very important. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



41 



.... For ■ 

Quality and Price 



y- 




1900 ADMIRAL— $25.00 



^ 



WRITE US. 



March- Davis 
Cycle Mfg. 
Co.... 

— CHICAGO 



S^ 



riakers of 

Bicycles for the Jobbing Trade 

Exclusively 



Our Large Output Enables Us to Give the Best Value Obtainable for the Honey. 



SSK^S3aS?2r«3SS6®«^aSSS6S;?&SaS?aS3SSSSSS3?iS3aS§?iS3a<SSS23 




WOULDN'T IT ANNOY YOU? 

ir YOU HAD PERSUADED YOUR CUSTOMERS 
TO HAVE SOME OTHER ADJUSTABLE BAR 

ON THEIR WHEELS AND THEN THEY 

LEARNED that the 

rREDRICK ADJUSTABLE 
HANDLE BAP 

IS THE ONLY ONE which CANNOT 
EALL DOWN under any circumstances 
AND IS riTTED WITH INVISIBLE INTER- 
NAL EXPANDER, 

NOW, WOULDNT IT MAKE 
YOU MAD? 



HAKxERS: 

150 ^a;ffj0;mi; §ixtei. 





CONSTRUCTION 



$35 



PIONEER 

MODEL A 
Is Correct— A Profitable Seller 



$35 



HUNTINGTON MFG. CO. 

HUNTINGTON, IND. 



$25 



PIONEER 

MODEL B 
Generously Good — Terms Right 




42 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



RECENT CYCLE INVENTION 



Latest Self-Inflating Tire— Seat Post Binder— Crank Hanger to 
Evade the Smith-Owen-A. B. C. Patent 



Kneeling by a dusty road, his face 
wreathed in scowls, his ruddy complex- 
ion more than dew-moistened with 
sweat; his mouth ready to spout profane 
declarations; his tired right arm working 
methodically, laboriously up and down, up 
and down; his calloused palm holding 
with a dogged grip the heated cylinder of 
a 6-inch hand pump; the fingers of his left 
hand now and again unconsciously steal- 
ing to the tire before him to determine 
whether it might he inflated to the riding 
point, he swore solemnly that as soon as 
he reached Lome he would purchase 
drawing boiiid, ire^truments, paper, etc., 
and proceed without delay or interrup- 
tion to invent "an improvement in means 
for inflating pneumatic tires, one object 
of the invention being to provide means 
for inflating a tire which will be auto- 
matic in its operation and which will 
form a part of the tire itself." 

He is one of so many just like himself 
that he may not only be used as a typi- 
cal example but as a type itself, a type 
of inventor which has worked long and 
late and still failed to stop the sale and 
use of hand pumps. In this particular 
instance he is George William Mowry of 
Rochester, and his particular style of 
self-inflating tire is shown in the accom- 
panying illustrations much in the same 
manner as it is shown in the drawings 
forming a part of letters patent No. 648,- 
464, of which he is now sole owner and 
proprietor. 

George William does not want the 
earth. He does not claim that his infla- 
tor, like a certain brand of cathartic, will 
"work while you sleep." He merely 
claims that it will work while you pedal 
and he is in luck if it will. 

The invention, pump, inflator, or what- 
ever one cares to call it, is an air tight 




Mowry' s Tire Inflator. 

rubber tube crescent in section and ce- 
mented or otherwise secured to the tread 
of the tire. The tube air passage is not 
continuous, it being divided by a cross 
wall or partition. If desired the tube can 
be made as a butt end tube, the two ends 
forming the dividing wall. 

On one side of the partition are a pair 
of valve stems extending upward and in- 
ward to lie against the tire on each side 
respectively. These stems are fitted with 
valves which allow the entrance of air 
hut prevent its escape. On the other side 
of the partition is a valve into the tire. 
This valve, of course, operates reversely 
to the other. 



When the rider rides, this inflator tube 
is supposed to fill its lungs with fresh 
out-door air. As the rider continues rid- 
ing the weight will compress the tube 
against the tread of the tire and thus 




latter kind have been patented. Letters 
patent were last week granted to A. I. 
Jacobs of Hartford, Conn., for the clamp 
shown herewith. 

The expander piece comprises a short 
cylindrical sleeve to surround the seat 
post. At the lower end it is provided with 
an enlargement in the form of a bevel or 
taper whose largest diameter is at the 
bottom. The lower portion of the sleeve 
is longitudinally split that it may be 
expansible and contractible. In the inner 
wall of the seat cluster is provided an an- 
nular groove which forms a shoulder and 
a bevel matching the bevel on the split 
sleeve. By contracting the lower end of 
the split sleeve it may be inserted into 
the seat cluster. In pushing the sleeve 
into the cluster, when the enlarged bevel 
end of the former enters the annular 
groove in the latter the sleeve will ex- 
pand to its normal diameter and be re- 
tained in position in the cluster. 

The upper exposed end of the split 
sleeve is externally threaded to engage a 
binding ring or nut. It is evident that 
after the seat post has been inserted and 
the sleeve drawn upward by means of the 
binding nut, which presses against the 
upper end of the cluster, the contractible 
split end of the sleeve will be wedged 
tightly between the seat post and 4;he 
Stat cluster and thus lock the parts to- 
gether firmly. 



Jacob s Seat Post Clamp. 

drive the air around toward the other 
end of said tube where the valve into the 
tire allows it to escape and in escaping 
serve the long-sought purpose of keeping 
the tire full of breeze. 

The tube is thus supposed to keep con- 
stantly filling and deflating itself until 
the desired air pressure is attained with- 
in the tire. When there is a constant 
leak in the tire the pump will work con- 
stantly and thus furnish the tire as much 
air as it loses. Old object; old scheme; 
old method. When the pump itself is 
punctured — well, ask the inventor. 

Anderson's Pacing Machine. 

J. C. Anderson of Highland Park, 11! , 
notable chiefiy for having invented more 
military and other special-purpose cycles 
than any man in the country, is now pat- 
entee of a three-wheel pacing machine 
whose seating capacity is five. The ma- 
chine has three seats tandem fashion over 
the wheels and one seat at each side of the 
middle seat. Mr. Anderson's reason foi 
this arrangement of riders' seats is that 
by placing three riders abreast on the 
machine it makes a larger "hole in the 
air" for the benefit of the man following 
pace, than were all of the riders placed 
tandem fashion as on an ordinary quin- 
tuplet. The driving gear is chainiess and 
though it is of Mr. Anderson's own inven 
tion does not form an important part ot 
this pacing machine patent. 

Aside from mechanical disadvantages 
that might be pointed out against this in- 
tended record breaker and regardless of 
the fact that man-power pacing machines 
are no longer the vogue, the Anderson 
three-abreaster could not now be brought 
into practical service on race tracks be- 
cause of the recent ruling of the N. C. A. 
that no pacing machine shall be wider 
over all than 20 inches. 

Simple Clamp for Seat Post. 

As a marketable product for general 
use a seat post clamp or expander must 
be entirely independent of the bicycle 
frame. It must be self-contained. How- 
ever, if a bicycle maker desires to make 
the seat cluster of his bicycle frame espe- 
cially for the reception of some certain 
clamp, the clamping parts may be re- 
duced in number and the whole device 
much simplified. Within the past year 
several very meritorious clamps of this 



Another Anti-Trust Bracket. 

I etters patent were last week granted 
to C. S. Dikeman of the Eagle Bicycle 
Mfg. Co. of Torrington, Conn., for a crank 
banger bracket intended to evade the 
claims of the Smith patent controlled by 
the A. B. C. Though this Dikeman brack- 
et is the third for which patent rights 
have been allowed members of the Eagle 
company, it was the first to be invented 




MCmM 



Exterior of Dikeman Crank Bracket. 

by them for the purpose, as the original 
patent application was filed in September, 
1899. ' ii i 

Its mechanical construction is similar 
in principle (that of attaching the rear 
forks removably to the bracket) to the 
principle ut the bracket for which patent 
was recently granted to J. S. Dikeman 
and which was described in the Cycle 
Age two weeks ago. 

The invention provides a transverse 
tube or bracket to which the seat mast 
and the lower tube of the front frame are 
attached integrally. So far the construc- 
tion conflicts with the Smith patent. That 
latter patent, however, provides that the 
transverse tube forming the bracket be 
secured integrally to both the front and 
rear reaches of the frame. This Dikeman 
patent provides only for integral attach- 
ment of the front members of the frame. 
The rear frame reaches, in this instance 
the rear fork tubes, are secured remov- 
ably to the bracket by means of split 
rings on the ends of the fork tubes and 
adapted to slip over the respective ends 
of the bracket. These rings serve as 



Supplement to THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW. 




Made by... 

THE 

B. F. GOODRICH 

COMPANY, 

Akron Rubber Works. 

AKRON, OHIO, 
U. S. A. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



43 



clamps by the addition of suitable ears 
and binding screws or bolts. 

If desired, the transverse tube or brack- 
et may be shorter than commonly and the 
ball cups, instead of setting within its 
respective ends, be made to set against 
them and held in position by overlapping 
portions of the clamping rings on the 
ends of the rear fork tubes. This sug- 
gestion is evidently made as further pre- 



m 



o 



^ 



m 

rri I 



lic&ac/ii/c 

Section of Dikeman Crank Bracket. 

caution against infringement of the 
Smith patent, which specifies that the 
transverse tube is adapted to receive 
within its ends the crank shaft ball cups. 



DRILLING TANDEM SPROCKETS 



Jig for Insnring: Accurately Spaced Work- 
How the Work Is Done. 



The accompanying illustration shows a 
jig arranged for drilling in the bosses of 
a tandem sprocket ring, the screw holes 
for the reception of the screws intended 
to hold the sprocket adjacent to the face 
of the large driving sprocket on the same 
shaft. The same scheme is applicable to 
drilling holes for the attachment screws 
of front sprockets for single bicycles. 
The object of the jig is to drill the holes 
so that they will be located equidistant 
from each other and upon a true circle 
which is concentric with the pith line of 
the teeth. 

The construction and operation of this 



jig is described by a correspondent to the 
American Machinist. The illustration 
herewith shows a plan and a section oi 
the jig with the sprocket A in position. 
The jig consists of a base plate a, which is 
bored to receive a projection on plate b, 
which in turn is bored to receive flanged, 
bushing c, which is made of machinery 
steel, and pressed lightly into b. They 
are both a working fit in base plate a; 
b is counterbored to receive the plain 
flat disk d, which carries three lugs e e e, 
which fit into the tooth spaces, as shown 
in the illustration. 

It is obvious that the wheel A and disk 
d are capable of being revolved together 
independent of plate b, which admits of 
locating a boss centrally under drill 
bush f by pressing in on the fork plunger, 
where it is held with one hand while the 
crossbar h is clamped down tight on the 
sprocket by means of binding screw i, 
which binds b, c, d and A securely to- 
gether. They then all revolve as a unit 
when indexed by means of spring pawl j 
into the notches cut in the periphery of 
plato b. 

After the first boss is located fairly un- 
der the dri'i bush, the forked plunger g 
is thrown back by a spring, as shown, 
and held out of the way as the indexing 
and drilling proceed, k is a washer un- 
der the shoulder of i, which nearly covers 
the elongated hole in crossbar h; this 
hole is elongated to facilitate putting in 
and taking out of the sprockets, as by 
shifting crossbar endwise it is easy to 
put in and remove the wheels without re- 
moving the crossbar each time. This jig 
works very satisfactorily, but, of course, 
its success is dependent in a great meas- 
ure on the care that is taken to first cor- 
rect all the irregularities in the blanks, 
which otherwise might tend to throw the 
bosses out of position. 



Letters patent have now been issued ,to 
Edward Nester for the Nester coaster 
brake made by the Nester Coaster & 
Brake Co., 22 Superior street, Buffalo, and 
which was described in a recent install- 
ment of the series of articles, "Problem 
of the Coaster Brake," now appearing in 
the Cycle Age. 




You ought 
Not to be 
Too busy to 
Read this. 



7^£'Crc:'-£ /4<>£ 



Plan and Section of Jig for Drilling Screw Holes in Sprockets. 



The 

Reason 

We 

Advertise 



is because we desire to 
have bicycle men know 
that there IS a differ= 
ence in Juvenile wheels. 
There are precious few 
good Juveniles — and 
only ONE world's leader. 
The 



ELFIN 
Juvenile 



is that one. And talk 

won't make any other 

as good. 

Why? 

Get Catalog— postal 

brings it. 



Frazer & Jones Co. 

250 Walton St. 

Syracuse, N. Y. 



Makers 



44 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



PROBLEM OF THE COASTER BRAKE 



Eighth Article in Series Upon the 
— More American 



Mechanical Topic of the Hour 
Devices Described 



The ball clutch used in the Universal 
coaster brake, manufactured by the Uni- 
versal Coaster Brake Co., 63 Chandler 
street, Buffalo, is original. It comprises a 
set of compound cam ways in the sprocket 
and a ball for each cam. In saying that 
the cam ways are compound it is meant 
that they combine the free wheel and the 
brake clutches. 

The sprocket C is fitted loosely upon 
the flanged ring A which is screwed onto 
the hub. In each face of the sprocket 
are three cam-like circumferentially dis- 
posed grooves D. Each groove D on one 
face of the sprocket is united by an open- 
ing to an oppositely inclined cam groove 
on the other side. In other words, the 
cams are continuous inclines from one 
side to the other. 

The brake disk E is placed outside the 
sprocket and adjacent to it. The friction 
lining on the outer face of E is adjacent 
to the inner face of the disk F which is 
threaded onto the ring A. Lock nut G 
binds the parts against accidental loosen- 
ing. Disk E is held against rotation by 
the usual extension for attachment to the 
fork tube of the cycle frame. 




Universal Brake and Clutch. 

When the rider is coasting the balls B 
lie in their respective seats between the 
two connected but oppositely disposed 
cams forming each of the three pairs cut 
in the sprocket. If the rider pedals ahead 
the balls will run outward on the inclined 
cams which are adjacent to the flange of 
the ring A, and by wedging between this 
flange and the sprocket will cause the hub 
and sprocket to rotate in unison. 

If, on the other hand, the rider back 
pedals, the balls will run the other way 
through their seats and outward on the 
cams on the outside face of the sprocket 
ring. This action will bring them into 
pressure engagement against the inner 
face of the disk E, which will then con- 
sequently be pushed outward till its fric- 
tional surface comes into contact with 
the disk F. 

On flrst thought one is naturally in- 
clined to say that this brake would allow 
considerable free or ineffective move- 
ment of the pedals when changing from 
one clutch engagement to the other, on 
account of the balls having to run out of 
the cams on one side of the sprocket and 
up those on the other at each change. 
This is not true, however. In any ball or 
roller clutch coaster brake the balls in 
the drive clutch must run to their seats 
before the rider can coast, and those in 
the brake clutch must run out of then- 
seats before the brake will set. The ac- 
tion as far as time is concerned makes 
no difference. The fact that the same 
balls are used instead of another set does 
not affect the proposition. The distance 



from free-running seat to wedging posi- 
tion on the incline is the same. 

As far as ineffective pedaling or back 
lash is concerned in any such brake, it 
must be remembered that the ineffective 
rotation of the rear sprocket is never 
more than an inch and that this is reduced 
to about one-third or one-fourth inch at 
the front sprocket on account of the fact 
that the rear sprocket rotates three or 
four times as fast as the front, according 
to the gear. The action or change of 
action of such a brake is practically im- 
mediate. 

A circular wire spring is used to sepa- 
rate normally the non-rotating brake 
disk and the rotating member attached 
to the hub barrel. It is slightly dished 
to give two points of contact on each 
member. 

The Universal brake is adapted to be 
attached to any standard hub, the diame- 
ters and threads of the ring A and the 
lock nut G being suitable for such fitting. 

Roller Clutches in Wyoma Brake. 

Both the free wheel and brake clutch 
in the Wyoma coaster brake, manufac- 
tured by the Reading Automobile & Gear 
Co. of Reading, Pa., are actuated by short, 
thick rollers. 

The ring H, which is threaded onto the 
hub, has peripheral inclines forming 
clutches for rollers B. The sprocket ring 
A surrounds these rollers and their 
clutches. The action of these parts to 
drive the machine or for coasting is ob- 
vious. 

The non-rotating brake member is the 
disk or ring C with the extension G for 
attachment to the right rear fork tube of 
the bicycle frame. The ring C is pro- 
vided with flanges to form a circumfer- 
ential channel for the reception of later- 
ally disposed rollers D, which are held in 
a light cage or separating and spacing re- 
tainer and which run in suitable clutch 
inclines. 

The annular angle between the outside 
periphery of the flange K and the ring C 
is filled with a fiber ring E of triangular 
cross section. The outer inclined surface 



of E is adjacent to a similarly inclined 
surface F of the disk J, which is screwed 
to the hub in such a fashion as to also 
serve as a locking ring for the clutch 
ring H. 

When the rider back pedals the rear- 
ward rotation of the sprocket will force 
the balls D to run outward along their 
several clutch inclines and thus press the 
non-rotating disk C outward in accord- 
ance, causing the fiber ring E to wedge 
within the inclined braking surface F. 




Wyoma Coaster Brake Assembled. 

This brake is made to fit several of the 
standard hubs now on the market. 



R. & C. Coaster Brake. 

The R. & C. is another example of Am- 
erican coaster brake in which rollers are 
used in the clutches. The sprocket and 
drive clutch in this brake surround a 
flanged ring which screws onto the hub 
in the manner of an ordinary plain 
sprocket. Upon this ring, A in Fig. 3 of 
the accompanying double column illus- 
tration, is secured the clutch ring B, hav- 
ing five clutch inclines and as many roll- 
ers, C, each of which is backed by a light 
block and spring to insure their immedi- 
ate action. The sprocket ring D sur- 
rounds the clutch ring and its rollers. 

Fig. 1 shows the other or outside face 
of the sprocket. The sprocket ring is on 
this face supplied with four integral lat- 
erally disposed clutch inclines E which 
form a part of the brake clutch. The 
other member of the brake clutch, which 
is a cage containing four rollers, is indi- 
cated as H in Fig. 5 showing the inner or 
sprocket side of the non-rotating member 
F. The etxension for preventing F from 
turning is secured to the rear fork tube of 
the bicycle frame by means of two pins 




Views Showing the Construction of the Parts of the R. & C. Brake. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



45 



fastened by screw shanks and nuts to the 
plate G. As the holes in G through which 
the screw shanks of the pins pass are 
elongated the distance between the pins 
may be made to suit the size of the fork 
tube. 

The outer face of the member F is 
shown in Fig. R. This face is simply 
that of a flat annular disk lined with 
fiber. Its opposing brake surface is a flat 
disk shown in Fig. 2, whose inner face K 
is adjacent to the fiber surface on F. 

It is evident that when the rider back 
pedals and thus runs the sprocket back- 
ward the clutch inclines E will force roll- 
ers J outward and that they will carry 
with them their cage H and the non-ro- 
tating, fiber lined disk F, which will thus 
be brought into frictional contact with 
the disk K. The last mentioned member 
being threaded to the hub, the motion of 
the wheel and machine will consequently 
be retarded. 

The brake is adapted to b» fitted to 
standard hubs. It is made by the Reed 
& Curtis Machine Screw Co. of Worces- 
ter, Mass. 

The Reed & Curtis company, in telling 
why it has not made its brake so that a 
machine to which it is fitted can be trun- 
dled backward, says that it believes the 
slight advantage of such construction to 
be overbalanced by the dangerous liabil- 
ity of such a machine running backward 
without conti-ol, as for instance when 
dismounting during the ascent of a steep 
hill. The company also points out that a 
machine which cannot be rolled back- 
ward is safe against accidental fall, or 
movement of any kind, when left stand- 
ing against a curb or wall. 



AFTER TWELVE LONG YEARS 



Standards in Cycle Building Are Indefinite 
and Exceedingly Hazy. 



The safety bicycle as a commercial 
proposition in this country is about 
twelve years of age. This means that 
for twelve years American manufacturers 
have been working out the metamorpho- 
sis of the modern bicycle. And now, to 
quote from a superannuated "coon" song, 
the average buyer is truthful in saying: 
"All 'bikes' look alike to me." All bicy- 
cles do look alike. It is no longer an 
easy task to stand on the curb and name 
each cycle as it passes. Bicycle manu- 
facture has been reduced to the produc- 
tion of one general standard. There are 
no longer a multiplicity of types. There 
are but two types: chain and chainless; 
and these divisions would be more prop- 
erly named were they called styles of the 
same type. Yet — 

After twelve years of safety building, 
twelve years of trying to bring the manu- 
facture of bicycles to a point where econ- 
omy in production may keep apace if not 
ahead of the economy of consumers, the 
one chief element in the economical man- 
ufacture of any product — standardiza- 
tion of parts — has reached this goal; 
nearly all pedal pins used in tne United 
States are threaded % by 20. 

With bicycle manufacturers buying 
their material from those who make a 
specialty of supplying them; with all 
makers using practically the same goods, 
with a couple of score of parts on each 
bicycle which are substantially the same 
in all brands of machines and which 
might all be produced by the same tools, 
we still have, after twelve years in which 
to seek economy for maker and conven- 
ience for consumer, the picayune result 
of pedal pin threads % by 20. Marvel- 
ous, is it not, how bicycle makers have 
come to such a universal understanding? 

Handle bar stems: %, 25-32, 13-16, 
27-32, 7-8, 29-32-inch. What is the particu- 
lar advantage of a handle bar stem 29-32- 
inch in diameter over another 7-8-inch in 
diameter? 



Seat posts: %, 25-32, 13-16, 27-32, 7-8, 
29-32, 15-16, 31-32, 1-inch. Why must a 
seat post in one bicycle be 29-32-inch and 
in another 15-16-inch? 

Threads on 3-8-inch rear axles: 24, 26. 
28, 30, 32, 34, 36 to the inch, and perhaps 
others. Why? 

The question "Why?" when asked con- 
cerning the multiplicity of dimensions of 
bicycle small parts has never been an- 
swered. Why? 

After twelve years of safety building, 
pedals pins 1/2 by 20. What is the moral 
— and why? 



TOBLER'S DUPLEX BEARING 



Backed by a Company in the land of 
Aguinaldo— Inventor a Soldier. 



• The Manila Cycle Works, 5 Calle Lo- 
gaspi, Manila, Philippine Islands, has 
been organized to promote the duplex 
ball bearing shown in the accompanying 
illustration. The inventor of this bearing, 
F. A. Tobler, was originally a resident of 
Buffalo, N. Y., and has been experiment- 
ing with such forms of bearings for sev- 
eral years. He went to the Philippine 
Islands with the United States Army and 
has remained because he likes the cli- 
mate, commercial chances — and perhaps 
the gentler sex — of that vicinity. 

The construction of this bearing is 
clearly shown in the sectional view. The 
principle upon which it is based is the 
same as that recognized by other makers 
of similar bearings: that an intermediate 
sleeve between two rows of balls will 
overcome all tendency to sliding friction 
between balls and cones. Though the 
sliding friction theory has been some- 
what exploded recently it is no doubt a 
fact that a duplex bearing has at least the 
advantage of being proof against hard 
running on account of wedging of balls. 
Should one set of balls become clogged 
or in any other way hindered in their 
travel on the races, the other row will 
take the running load. Mr. Tobler per- 





sonally is an ardent believer in the the- 
ory that balls cannot run between cir- 
cular paths of different diameters without 
sliding friction. 



Recently Patented. 

Louis Baebler of St. Louis, Mo., is the 
inventor and patentee of a device intend- 
ed to render more efficacious than usually 
the task of inserting the inner tube of a 
double tube tire of the M. & W. type. 

A patent has been granted to E. B. Gib- 
ford of Adrian, Mich., for the Gibford 
chain cleaner, which comprises a light 
bracket to attach to the right rear fork 
tube and a pair of bristle brushes to rul) 
respectively on the top and bottom sidos 
of the chain along the lower run. 

W. M. Finn of Weatherford, Tex., after 
waiting since August, 1897, for the final 
enactment of the patent commissioner, is 
now holder of a patent for a bicycle at- 
tachment in the form of a frame which 
may be turned upward over the steering 
wheel to afford a child's seat or turned 
down under the wheel to serve as a cycle 
support. In all probability Mr. Finn will 
suffer the disappointment of seeing it 
turned down most of the time. 



WOULD YOU 
TAKE A CHECK 

Made by 

The Geo. N. Pierce Co. 

E. C. Stearns & Co. 

Barnes Cycle Co. 

Iver Johnson's Arms and 
Cycle Works 

Frontenac Mfg. Co. 

Olive Wheel Co. 

Kirk Mfg. Co. 

Reading Standard Mfg. Co. 

Outing Mfg. Co. 

IF SO WHY NOT 

PNEUMATIC 

CUSHION FRAME 

BICYCLES 



Made and Endorsed by the above 
Concerns ? 



There ]s iiior_e actual merit and more 
selling qualities 'm Cushion Frame 
Bicycles than any you have ever sold. 



Write to the above firms for infor- 
mation or to the 



HYGIENIC WHEEL CO. 

St. Paul Building, 220 Broadway 
NEW YORK CITY 



46 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



FAVOR UNIFORM CLASSIFICATION 



:Easterii Business Houses Workitig to Se- 
cure Squable Freight Rates. 



A strong movement has been started in 
the east by leading business houses to se- 
cure the passage of the Cullom amend- 
ment to the interstate commerce law. The 
feature that is especially commended by 
the organizers of the movement is the 
provision for a uniform classification of 
freight rates. The section of the bill cov- 
ering this point reads as follows: 

The Interstate Commerce Commission is 
hereby authorized to prepare aijd publisti 
within one year from the passage of this 
act a classification of freight articles, an'd 
rules, regulations and conditions for freight 
transportation, which shall be known as the 
National freight classification. 

The bill further provides that the clas- 
sification shall be distributed generally 
and posted in all receiving depots, and 
that any person may enter a complaint 
against the classification and have a 
hearing. There is to be a general revis- 
ion of the classification fifteen months 
after its adoption, and from time to time 
thereafter as the commission sees fit. Any 
carrier who refuses to observe this clas- 
sification is made liable to a fine of $5,000 
for each offense. It is provided that no 
complaint shall be dismissed because the 
complainant is not directly damaged. 

The passage of the bill would confer 
almost unlimited power upon the com- 
mission, but if the present high character 
of its membership is maintained shipping 
interests would undoubtedly be protected 
and many inconsistencies and inequali- 
ties now existing in various classifica- 
tions would be eliminated. 



Control of Trusts by Congress. 

Two measures directed against trusts 
have been determined upon by the spe- 
cial sub-committee on trusts of the house 
judiciary committee. As agreed upon the 
remedy is two-fold — namely, a constitu- 
tional amendment giving Congress full 
power to deal with trusts, and a new 
anti-trust law making the following ex- 
tensions to the Sherman act: 

1. Requiring the branding or marking 
of trust made goods shipped out of a 
state, so as to be easily identified as the 
product of a trust. 

2. Prohibiting the inter-state traffic of 
trust made goods not so branded, and 
making them subject to seizure and con- 
demnation. 

3. Requiring corporations having a 
capital over $1,000,000, or doing an an- 
nual business of $1,000,000, to file a re- 
port of their affairs with the secretary 
of state. 

4. Providing the process of injunction 
against combinations sending trust made 
goods from state to state, or to foreign 
countries. 

5. Prohibiting the use of the mails to 
concerns and their officials proven to be 
trusts. 



Retains Full Prestige in Northwest. 

Many eastern publications are arguing 
that the bicycle has outlived its useful- 
ness for pleasure only, and that it now 
occupies the position of a vehicle of util- 
ity. They say that the effeminate mil- 
lionaire has forsaken the two-wheeled 
mount for the four-wheeled automobile 
or mechanical vehicle by whatever name 
it may be known. This may be true of 
the eastern states, but Twin City retailers 
are inclined to be skeptical in taking a 
position on this question, says the Com- 
mercial Bulletin of Minneapolis. They 
point to the fact that the ordinary life 
of a bicycle is two or three seasons, with 
many of them in use a much longer per- 
iod. Then on top of this they say that 
every succeeding year more machines are 
sold than during the preceding season, 
and arguing from this they fail to see 



where the wheel has lost its prestige 
either as a vehicle of utility or pleasure 
in this section of the country. Minne- 
sota and the two Dakotas have so many 
points of interest, such as pleasure re- 
sorts, located within easy riding distance 
of the cities that dealers are inclined to 
question whether the bicycle will ever 
lose its prestige as a vehicle of pleasure 
in this part of the world — not until the 
automobile is much reduced in price un- 
der the figures at present charged for it 
by the manufacturers. 



AMERICAN EXHIBITION IN LONDON 



LAST INDIANAPOLIS SHIPMENT 



No More Waverley Bicycles To Be Made at 
Indiana Plant-Smith's Work Done. 



The last shipment of Waverley bicycles 
from the plant of the Indiana Bicycle Co. 
was made last week and no more of these 
machines will be made in Indianapolis. 
So long as there is a demand for it the 
Waverley bicycle will henceforth be made 
at the Monarch factory in Chicago. Chas. 
F. Smith, former president of the Indi- 
ana Bicycle Co., absorbed by the trust, 
still visits the factory daily and attends 
to such business of the old company as 
comes to it as a result of transactions oc- 
curring previous to the absorption. He 
says he is not connected in any way with 
his successor, the trust, and has bid 
good-by to the bicycle business forever, 
unless unforeseen things happen. 

"It will continue to be a good, staple 
industry," he says, "but at present it is 
overdone. There are too many at it; too 
much competition, too much price-cut- 
ting, too little profit. Many large manu- 
facturers made the same mistake I did. 
This factory was built to make 85,000 bi- 
cycles a year, but got no opportunity to 
make more than 25,000." 

Nearly all the bicycle machinery will 
be used in making automobiles. 



Increased Rates to Australia. 

The mail boats from England to Aus- 
tralia are rumored to be contemplating 
an advance in freight rates, writes an 
Australian correspondent to a contempo- 
rary, and this is not to be wondered at 
in face of the fact that about 220 steam- 
ers, with an aggregate tonnage of near 
1,250,000 are under charter to the British 
government in connection with the 
Transvaal war. It is perhaps hardly safe 
to say how this will affect American 
trade with Australia. No doubt New 
York steamers will participate in tlie 
rise, but since heavy goods hardly offer 
so freely there as from London, and the 
boats need them for ballast purposes, the 
rise in English freights may possibly act 
as a bonus to the export trade if the pres- 
ent American service of direct steamer^ 
is regularly maintained. 



Discussed Sunday Closing. 

The Minneapolis Cycle Trade associa- 
tion held a well attended meeting last 
week at which the time was largely spent 
in the discussion of local trade condi- 
tions. The report of the secretary showed 
the organization to be in a first class con- 
dition financially. The matter of even- 
ing and Sunday closing of bicycle stores 
was discussed at some length, but no final 
action was taken. The question will be 
finally settled at the next meeting. The 
secretary was instructed to make per- 
sonal calls upon each member of the as- 
sociation every month for the purpose 
of keeping in touch with the local trade 
conditions and submitting a report at 
the monthly meetings. 



Plans for Permanent Display of Our Manu- 
factures—Many Facilities OfiFered. 



It is proposed to establish in London a 
permanent exhibition of American manu- 
factures. There are hundreds of concerns 
abroad, which, if they could be made to 
realize the advantages of handling Amer- 
ican products, would be only too ready to 
open up business relations with manu- 
facturers in this country; but the difficul- 
ties of manufacturers in bringing their 
wares before the notice of the foreign 
consumer, and the like difficulty of the 
foreign consumer in discovering in Amer- 
ica the goods he needs, has up to now 
been one of the barriers which has hin- 
dered many American houses from plac- 
ing their goods in the foreign market, 
says the American Machinist. The rem- 
edy for this condition of things has been 
found by many of the larger manufac- 
turers in this country by opening their 
own houses in the principal foreign cit- 
ies, and by having their own representa- 
tives abroad, and by this means they have 
gradually brought themselves before the 
notice of foreign buyers, and have built 
up a foreign connection which in many 
cases has had the effect of doubling and 
trebling their business. 

There are, however, at least two draw- 
lacks 1o this step, which have deterred 
many from taking it: First, the expense 
of what many regard as being to some 
extent only a speculation, and, secondly, 
the responsibility of opening a foreign 
bi-anch 3,000 miles away, with all its at- 
tendant wori-ies and extra work. 

The London exhibition of American 
manufactures would have as its object the 
bringing of foreign consumers into actual 
contact with American producers, wliile 
relif!ving the latter of all responsibility 
and '-educing the expense to a merely 
noininal amount. The principal advan- 
tages offered to American exhibitors will 
be as follows: 

(1) A public exhibit of the goods they 
manufacture In a central position in Lon- 
don. The space allotted will practically 
amount to a branch office and depot in 
London, which they can advertise as their 
London address, and to which they can re- 
fer any foreign inquirers who wish to see 
samples of their goods. 

(2) The exhibition management will un- 
dertake to personally represent exhibitors, 
taking entire charge of their interests, keep- 
ing exhibit in good order, answering all in- 
quiries, distributing their price lists and 
printed matter, transmitting orders, des- 
patching circulars, and, in short, render- 
ing all or any service that would be given 
the exhibitor had his own representative 
on the spot. A staff of experienced em- 
ployes will be especially retained for this 
purpose. 

(3) A monthly bulletin will be published 
by the exhibition management, calling spe- 
cial attention to the exhibitors and their 
exhibits, which will be widely circulated 
among the principal importing houses and 
buyers of Europe, and special inducements 
will be offered to buyers to visit the depot 
and view the different classes of goods ex- 
hibited. 

it is proposed to place the whole of the 
above advantages at the disposal of par- 
ticipants, including space in the exhibi- 
tion, care of goods exhibited and storage 
of goods for sale, as well as any or all 
other services required, for a fixed nomi- 
nal sum per annum, which will vary ac- 
cording to the dimensions of space and 
the extent of the service which would be 
entailed. 



There will be money in the automobile 
trade later on. Prepare for entering it by 
reading the Motor Age. 



The most recent patent for a metal 
plug for stopping leaks in single tube 
tires was granted last week to P. J. Klein 
of New York city. The plug comprises a 
conical nut to be inserted into the tire 
and a flat head bolt to secure it in place. 
The upper face of the nut is provided 
with an annular bead to increase its grip 
upon the inner surface of the tire. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



47 



DROP FORGED FRAME SETS 




We are furnishing all the frame connections for a bicycle in machined drop 
forgings for 1_^ inch and 1}^ inch flush joint frames and for l}i inch and 
1 inch outside joint. The finest goods on the mark-pf - — 



Western Depot 

INDEPENDENT SUPPLY CO. 

154 Lakt St., Chicago. 

Eastern Depot 
INDEPENDENT SUPPLY CO. 

369 Broadway, New York. 



MAKERS : 

SPRINGFIELD DROP FORGING CO., - Brightwood, Mass. 

SOLE SELLING AGENTS: 

CROSBY & MAYER CO., Buffalo, N. Y. 



THE WEEK^S MELANGE OF TRADE ITEMS 



Bicycle thieves are infesting Milwaukee 
and hundreds of machines have been sto- 
len during the past fortnight. 

William M. Lewis, general manager of 
the Wisconsin Wheel Works of Racine, 
will attend the Paris exposition this sum- 
mer in the interests of that company. 

Ezra Kirk, president of the Yale fac- 
tory, after visiting San Diego and River- 
side, went north to San Francisco and 
will visit Portland and Washington cities 
before heading east. 

. Thomas P. Sheridan has withdrawn 
from the firm of Banning, Banning & 
Sheridan, patent attorneys, and will here- 
after conduct business alone at 531-532 
Marquette building, Chicago. 

It is stated that automobiles will be 
manufactured in connection with bicycles 
at the Crawford works, Hagerstown, re- 
cently absorbed by the trust. The works 
are now employing 400 and 500 hands. 

Reports of the Minneapolis police de- 
partment show that during the month of 
April more than fifty bicycles were stolen 
in that city, of which number thirty- 
seven were recovered and returned to 
their owners. 

The retail cycle trade in Grand Forks, 
N. D., is reported to be remarkably large 
this spring, and from the number of per- 
sons riding in the streets the local pa- 
pers predict that everybody in the city 
will be enthusiastic this season. 

The Lorain, Ohio, bicycle plant, which 
only recently resumed operations, will be 
closed by order of the A. B. C. as soon 
as the stock on hand has been worked up. 
The factory has just completed an order 
from Wanamaker for 2,500 bicycles. 

Sales in Springfield, Mo., are reported 
by John E. Atkinson and L. R. Anthony, 
local dealers, to be three times as heavy 
this year as they were last season. The 
sales began about the middle of March 
and continued without interruption, 
growing heavier each week as the season 
advances. 

The stimulating effect which a com- 
bination of fine weather and good road 
conditions has on the retail bicycle trade 
has been well shown in Missoula, Mont., 
this spring, where the number of bicycles 
sold has more than reached the total 
sales for all of last season. One dealer 
has already duplicated the order which 



he placed last winter for his season's 
stock. 

L. S. Manning of Oakland, Cal., is the 
patentee of a third wheel attachment for 
bicycles whereby a basket package car- 
rier suitable for delivery purposes may 
be conveniently secured to the machine. 



A crusade against delinquent install- 
ment purchasers has been started by the 
dealers of Alpena, Mich., where several 
deputy sheriffs are now kept busy bring- 
ing in bicycles on which the payments 
have not been kept up. 



An inventory filed in court by the 
Stockton Mfg. Co. of Newark, which ap- 
plied for a receiver last week Wednes- 
day, shows liabilities amounting to $67,- 
839 and assets aggregating $62,000 — evi- 
dently not a bad failure. 



A cycle agent in Seattle, Wash., is said 
to have sold this spring a score of bi- 
cycles to riders going to Dawson City. To 
make the trip awheel is looked upon as 
the most expeditious and speedy method 
of reaching the Klondike region. 



Arthur Moses of Kansas City, against 
whom a warrant was issued in Chicago, 
alleging that he, with two others, had de- 
frauded the Goodyear Tire Co. out of a 
large amount of money, has been dis- 
charged, it being clearly proven that he 
had nothing to do with the swindle. 



The property now occupied in Chicago 
by the Western Wheel Works department 
of the A. B. C, which has a 99-years' 
lease on the land, bounded by Schiller, 
Wells, Franklin and Sigel streets, was 
transferred by Levi P. Leiter to his wife 
last Friday. It is said the transaction 
will not affect the present lease. 



The New England Tricycle Co. of New 
Haven, Conn., has been reorganized, J. 
Willis Downs retiring and L. M. Whit- 
more taking in as a new partner Bernard 
Abelson. The business will be continued 
under the old name at 120 Commerce 
street. 

V. J. Torney of Wausau, Wis., has in- 
vented a new detachable tricycle and has 
applied for a patent thereon. It will 
never work loose when in use. He has 
submitted drawings and explanatory de- 
scriptions to various manufacturing firms 
and received an offer from the Grand 
Rapids Grip Co. to purchase the patent 



right. He is undecided yet as to what 
he will do with the same. 

Negotiations for the sale of the Colton 
cycle plant in Toledo, now owned by the 
A. B. C, to the Keasey Pulley Co., will 
be closed within a few days, according to 
the Toledo Blade. The buildings of the 
cycle company are to be remodeled and 
enlarged, giving the purchasing company 
facilities for trebling its capacity. 

The bicycle dealers in Toledo are still 
agitating the closing of their stores even- 
ings, at least during some of the evenings 
in the week. The trade has been so great 
that the salesmen are almost worn out 
and dealers are of the opinion that just 
as much business would be done if all 
the stores were closed at 6 o'clock p. m. 

The British war office has at last de- 
cided to raise a company of cyclist sol- 
diers. It will consist of about one hun- 
dred men, including five officers and the 
proper complement of non-commissioned 
officers. Already applications for more 
than the requisite number have been sent 
in, and the first members of the new com- 
pany have begun to drill. 

Cycle dealers of Dixon, 111., say that bi- 
cycles are now so cheap that working- 
men can see a good investment in them, 
as by this means they are enabled to go 
to and from their work with ease and can 
go home to eat a warm dinner, no matter 
in what part of the city they reside. In 
fact a new market, and one that promises 
to be profitable, has been opened. 

The cycle factory in Samarang. on the 
island of Java, recently referred to in 
our columns, is now entirely in German 
hands, and some manufacturers have sent 
out their foremen to manage the fac- 
tory on approved German lines. The 
capital invested in this concern is $200.- 
000. on which a good interest is earned, 
besides assuring the custom of the share- 
holders. 

The most marked feature of the stock 
of the average dealer in Grand Rapids, 
Mich., is reported to be the absence or 
very small proportion of racing models. 
This is attributed by the dealers to the 
decadence of racing interest in that city 
and to the suppression of scorching. 
"Look at that stock." said a well known 
dealer a few days ago. "I have had to 
raise all the adjustable bars in the estab- 
lishment to make those machines catch 
the eye of the average rider who comes 
to buy. They all want adjustable bars, 
but they want them adjusted in the raised 
position." 



48 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



INFORMATION FOR BUYERS 



In Business for Himself. 

Walter D. Hodson, until recently con- 
■nectecl with the Mead Cycle Co. of Chicago 
in the capacity of head of the purchasing 
department, has established at 36 La Salle 
street, Chicago, a general purchasing and 
sales agency for bicycles, bicycle material, 
sundries, sporting goods, cameras and spe- 
cialties. On one of the advertising pages of 
this issue is Mr. Hodson's advertisement 




/'i^iCi^^eWi^^ 



relating to bicycles which he says are ex- 
ceedingly good machines at exceedingly low 
prices. Mr. Hodson is sole agent for the 
Hodson detachable double tube tire which 
is shown in the illustration herewith and 
which can be fitted to an ordinary crescent 
shape rim. One edge of the casing is made 
to conform to the curvature of the rim. 
This edge is furnished with an inner tube 
protection flap, underneath which is a light 
steel band flanged to engage hooks secured 
to the opposite edge of the casing. It is 
stated that the task of hooking the remov- 
able side of the casing, into place may be 
very easily and quickly performed. The 
tire is fully guaranteed and Mr. Hodson 
says that it is high grade in every respect 
as well as light and resilient. 



Up-to-Date Cycle House. 

The Regas Vehicle Co. of Rochester, N. 
Y.. has shown commendable alacrity in 
placing itself in a position to handle its bi- 
cycle business in conjunctiou with a line of 
automobiles. The company has obtained the 
agency for the Woods electric and Winner 
gasoline runabouts and the Orient Autogo. 
These machines are supplementary to a line 
of bicycles for which the Regas company is 
Rochester agents, and to the Regas bicycle, 
which is made especially for the company 
and sold at retail and to the trade by it. 
The Regas bicycle is made in two patterns, 
for men and women respectively, and lists 
at $40. It contains such component parts as 
Thor hubs and hanger, Lefever chain. 
Tucker rims. Palmer tire«, Sager saddles 
and Arown pedals. It will be fitted with 
coaster brake, if desired. 



Dyer's Fork Spreader. 

The most recently introduced of the sev- 
eral front fork spreaders now on the market 
and for which a fairly wide demand has 




been awakened on account of the obvious 
utility and convenience of such tools when 
removing or replacing front wheels, is that 
shown in the accompanying illustration. It 
is manufactured by L. Dyer of Milbridge. 
Me. It consists of a metal bar with a cen- 
trally located finger or lug, and a yoke at 
one end carrying a hardwood spool. The 
spool is free to revolve on its spindle. In 
operation the lug midway of the spreader 
shank is placed against the inner side of 
one fork blade and the spool against that 
of the other. To do this the spreader must 
be held at an angle. The spreader is then 
brought toward a right angle with the fork 
blades and of course this operation spreads 
the blades so that the wheel may be readily 



removed. But one hand is needed to operate 
the spreader, leaving the other free to han- 
dle the wheel. On account of the free revo- 
lution of the wooden spool the enamel on 
the fork blade is not injured when the 
spreader is being operated. 



Snell Making Large Shipments. 

The Snell Cycle Company of Toledo, has 
been making large shipments, and reports 
1900 thus far a banner year and by all odds a 
great advance as regards both home and 
foreign trade over any of the previous 
five years. Shipments are made at inter- 
vals of from two to four weeks to Sweden, 
Germany, Japan and Italy. Of course the 
foreign trade is very small compared with 
that of the United States, but it is fast 
growing and the company attributes its suc- 
cess largely to the fact that it does not 
belong to the trust. The firm expects to 
add to the plant before long the industry of 
automobile construction. It is doing ma- 
chine work along this line now, but the 
plan is only in embryo as yet. 



Cole Flexible Toe Clip. 

The G. W. Cole Co., 141 Broadway. New 
York city, maker of the famous "3-in-l" 
cleaning, lubricating and polishing com- 
pound, is marketing the toe clip shown in 
the illustration herewith. The distinctive 
feature of this clip is that It is adjustable 
for both depth and width. The strip run- 




ning over the toe of the rider's shoe being 
flexible, it will fold up towards the pedal. 
This is a convenience for riders using ma- 
chines with long cranks and low hangers, as 
it insures against bent and broken toe clips 
on account of striking against ground, stones 
or curbs when the machine Is being trun- 
dled. The Cole Company also points out as 
an advantage of this clip that there is ab- 
solutely no pressure on the toes. 



Ball Retainers for Fauber Hangers. 

The Sartus Ball Bearing Co.. 618 Broad- 
way, New York city, wish it stated, because 
of constant inquiry with which it meets, 
that It keeps in stock Sartus ball retainers 
for use in Fauber crank hangers. Assem- 
blers, manufacturers and repairers may be 
saved much inconvenience and delay by 
keeping this in mind. 



Oldest Cycle Supply House. 

The E. H. Hall Co., 179 Elm street, Roch- 
ester, successor to the Hall-Shone Co., has 
just moved into larger quarters and now oc- 
cupies three large floors in the Laney build- 
ing. The seventh annual catalogue and net 
price Jist of bicycles, parts, fittings, acces- 
sories and tools for 1900 is ready for dis- 
tribution. It contains 900 illustrations and 
1.200 "bed rock" quotations. The Hall com- 
pany declares that its low prices defy com- 
petition, that its assortment is the largest, 
its terms the most liberal and its shipments 
the most prompt. Besides these trade in- 
viting claims, it guarantees satisfaction and 
good treatment of customers. 

This business, established in 1893 and in- 
corporated in '94. is asserted to be the oldest 
exclusive wholesale bicycle supply house in 
America. It wants to have the names of all 
dealers, repairmen and assemblers on its 
mailing lists. 



Ride Centuries for Search Lights. 

"Happy Days" Pitman surely upon a 
happy idea of incidentally advertising the 
Search I..ight lamps he booms along with 
himself when he thought of a big century 
run with lamps for souvenirs instead of the 



conventional badges and medals. Although 
this run occurred last Saturday in New 
York and most of these affairs are run on 
Sunday, more than 300 riders started. At 
the end of the century the lamps were dis- 
tributed and it is a notable fact that fully 
70 per cent of the riders chose the gas in 
lireference to the oil lamps. 



Combined Spanner and Wrench. 

The accompanying illustration shows the 
tool which has been produced by Frederick 
Schrader of Bridgeport, Conn., to fill the 




T^eC/z/.^ /fojS' 



much expressed need for a practical adjust- 
able spanner. This tool combines the ad-- 
justable spanner feature with a standard 
wrench, and so may be used to turn almost 
any nut or locking ring found on a bicycle. 
The whole length of the tool is five inches. 
The wrench opens to 1^4 inches and the 
spanner to 2 inches. The curved shank for 
the spanner projects in the proper direction 
so that whichever end of the tool is being 
used the manipulator will have a smooth 
surface against which to press with the 
palm of his hand. The bar is said to be a 
drop forged piece and the spanner pin of 
Stubbs steel. The finish is nickel plate. 



Penny-in-Slot Tire Inflator. 

Several weeks ago the Cycle Age illus- 
trated and described an automatic tire 
inflator manufactured by the Bishop & 
Babcock Co., Kirtland and Hamilton 
streets, Cleveland. That inflator is in- 
tended for use in repair shops and 
factories for inflating both bicycle and 
automobile tires. The illustration herewith 
shows the Columbia automatic tire infl.ator 
which is also manufactured by the Cleve- 
land company but which, though similar in 
general appearance to thj other inflator, 
is considerably different in construction and 
operation, it being providfeJ with a penny- 
in-the-slot feature that makes it especially 




applicable for use in front of stores and 
repair shops as a source of in,come and a 
convenience to riders. 
The inflating pressure of this machine is 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



49 




I HAVE JUST HAD A SPIN ON MY NEW 

NORWOOD 



-FITTED WITH- 



MORROW COASTER AND HUB BRAKE 



NORWOOD BICYCLE COMPANY . . . 62-68 Plum St., CINCINNATI, OHIO 



If you use a Coaster Brake 



TheS&G Combination Pedals 



are a Necessity. 



With them you can't loose 
your pedal, no matter how 
suddenly you stop. They 
won't injure the finest 
shoe. 

For Sale by All Leading Jobbers 
in United States and Canada. 




You probably know them, but our Catalogue will give you further in- 
formation. Write us and we will mail you one. 

SIDWAY MFG. CO. 240-244 W. Lake St., CHICAGO. 



» SAVE SSS BY ORDERING OF US ! g 

" Write TODAY for our 1900 (seventh an- J^ 

nual) catalogue and Net Trade Price List. JfJ 

BICYCLES, ACCESSORIES, PARTS, 
FITTINGS, TOOLS, Etc. 

Our low prices defy competition— assort- 
ment largest — terms most liberal— ship- 
ments most prompt— treatment right — 
satisfaction guaranteed. 

Is your name on our Mailing LI$I7 

THE E. H. HALL CO. § 

I 







EetabliBhed 1893. Incorporated 1894 

Formerly the HALL-SHONE CO. 

179 Elm St., ROCHESTER, N. Y., U.S. A 



900 Illustrations. 

1200 Bed Bock Quotations 



The oldest exclusive wholesale bicycle 
supply house in America. 






attained by steel tanks charged with carbon- 
ic acid gas. These tanks may be recharged 
at a nominal cost and the owner of a ma- 
chine may exchange empty tanks for 
charged ones at the company's Cleveland 
factory or at its Chicago or New York 
branch. Chargeid tanks may also be ob- 
tained of any distributor of soda water 
charging tanks in any city. It is thus very 
convenient for the dealer who is supplied 
with one of these machines to keep it in 
constant working order at low expense. 
The income from a machinb is obtained en- 
tirely without personal effort, as the ma- 
chine is its own advertiser and such a con- 
venience to riders that its patronage by 
them is liberal. Machines which are"now 
in use have taken in during the week as 
high as $5. The Bishop & Babcock Co. state 
that $3 a week is a conservative average 
of income for a machine placed in a good 
locality. The only work necessary on the 
part of the rider to inflate his tire is to 
place the valve stem of the tire upon the 
upwardly projecting discharge pipe of the 
machine, drop a cent in the slot and to then 
turn the handle and hold it till the desired 
degree of Inflation has been attained. 



Popular Brand of Spokes. 

The American Specialty Mfg. Co. of Hart- 
ford. Conn., states that the widespread pop- 
ularity which has been gained for both its 
"Sunbeam" and swaged bicycle spokes has 
led to the introduction of a full line of 
spokes and nipples for automobile and car- 
riage wheels. The company affirms that 
these spokes are manufactureid with the 
same regard for quality and finish as has al- 
ways characterized the production of its 
bicycle spokes. Particular attention ;s called 
by the company to the fact that it exerts 
every care that its nipples may fit perfectly 
the spokes for which they are intended. 



INFORMATION BREVITIES 

The BuUis gear people are bringing out a 
coaster brake for chainless bicycles. 

'Last week the Olive Wheel Co. put the 
new Trebert coaster brake on the market. 

Howell & Mechan, 24 Kingston street, Bos- 
ton, general sporting gooids dealers and New 
England agents for the Frontenac bicycle, 
have taken sales agency for the New Eng- 



land Motor Carriage Co. and are taking or- 
ders for immediate delivery. 

The Diamond Rubber Co. of Akron, O., 
has opened a Boston office, with Newton 
Gresser as eastern representative. 

John R. Keim of Buffalo will soon have 
out his line of 1901 samples and is making 
full frame sets. He has been having a 
great season. 

It looks as though the 1901 cycle de luxe 
would be a cushion frame chainless with 
coaster brake. The Geo. N. Pierce Co. of 
Buffalo is making the cushion frame the 
chief feature of its bicycle to be boomed. 

The Snow Cycle Chain Co. of Syracuse is 
busy on an order for several thousand bicy- 
cle chains for the Canada Motor & Cycle Co. 
puring the past month large orders have 
filso been received from factories throughout 
the United States, so that the plant is being 
pperated to its full capacity. 

Gray & Davis, of Amesbury, Mass., are en- 
tering into the bicycle lamp field, although 
they will still continue the manufacture of 
vehicle lamps. Their new motor carriage 
lamp is somewhat smaller than a vehicle 
lamp and guaranteed against any defect in 
material, workmanship or burning qualities. 

The Chapman & Sons Manufacturing Com- 
pany, of Rockland, Mass., makers of the 
Chapman ball-bearings and the Chapman 
mud guard bracket, have opened a Boston 
office at 170 Summer street, where a full line 
of bicycles is displayed. The feature of the 
bearings is the unique separator, which 
keeps apart the balls carrying the strains. 
Each arm of the separator carries a small 
ball, which eliminates the ball-to-ball fric- 
tion. 

The bicycle factories of Syracuse are being 
worked to their full capacity and they find 
it more difficult than ever before to fill the 
orders as promptly as demanded. Austin R. 
Dickinson of the Frontenac company says 
that he never knew a time when it was as 
difficult to get competent employes in the 
bicycle shop as at present. He said the firm 
was still running its plant day and night 
and that the prospects are favorable for a 
longer season than usual. Mr. Dickinson 
accounts partly for the big demand for bicy- 
cles by the fact that new improvements. 



such as coaster brakes and cushion frames, 
have been introduced this year. 

The Niagara Pedal Co. of Buffalo will 
build a one-story aiddition to its factory at 
297 Niagara street. 

The Seymour Mfg. Co. of Elmira, makers 
of the Eclipse bicycles, will have out its 1901 
models by July 15. 

The Morrow factory in Elmira is turning 
out SOO coaster brakes a day, and some parts 
reach the thousand mark. 

The Sager Mfg. Co. of Rochester has 
enjoyed both in gears and saddles the big- 
gest season in its history. 

When a motion for an injunction was 
made to restrain the New Departure Bell Co. 
from manufacturing a push-button bicycle 
bell with non-revolving gong, the latter 
company immediately issued a statement to 
the trade of its position, and offered a full 
guaranty of protection. By the action of 
counsel for the plaintiff in withdrawing the 
motion on May 10, the position of the New 
Departure Bell Co. is confirmed. 

The Indianapolis Drop Forging Co. reports 
that it was never busier. The factory has 
grown rapidly and is now one of the only 
three pretentious drop forging plants west 
of the Alleghanies. In forging the sprocket 
wheel of a bicycle a sheet of steel is heated 
to a white heat and put under huge drop 
hammers, that hammer the hot metal into a 
die of the necessary shape. Uniformity and 
accuracy is obtained, and pounding of the 
metal condenses its particles, correcting the 
flaws and making it immeasurably stronger 
than a mere casting. 

The bicycle department of the Bean-Cham- 
berlin factory is working night and day to 
keep up with orders, s.ays the Hudson 
(Mich.) Gazette. The business was never 
larger than it is this year, nor has the com- 
pany ever before been able to put as many 
machines on the market within a given 
time. Last week it made 377 bicycles, its 
monthly average being 1.200 machines. Dur- 
ing the month of May it expects to finish 
and ship l,.'i00 machines. One of the quick- 
est made wheels on record was turned out at 
the factory last week. Not quite one-half 
hour elapsed from the time the frame left 
the enameling oven before the bicycle was 
assembled and ready for use. 



50 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



THE PASTIME AND SPORT 



C. W. A. Offers to Rclinquisli Control. 

The Canadian Wheelmen's Association 
has practically decided to relinquish the 
control of racing in Canada, it is report- 
ed, to the recently formed Canadian Cy- 
clers' Association, which is supported by 
the N. C. A. A conference was held in 
Montreal last Friday night between 
President Gault and Secretary Donly of 
the C. W. A. and Mr. Dandurand of the 
Queens Park track and a member of the 
Montreal Wheelmen. The C. W. A. rep- 
resentatives offered to relinquish the con- 
trol of racing to the C. C. A., if that body 
would confine itself to racing matters. Mr. 
Dandurand expressed himself as perfect- 
ly satisfied and said he would support the 
offer. 

At the meeting in Toronto on April 24 
a majority of those present who organ- 
ized the new body were in favor of as- 
suming the control of all matters pertaiu- 
ing to cycling in the dominion, but, ow- 
ing to the influence of Mr. Dandurand, 
who, after his conference with Messrs. 
Gauld and Donly last Friday, said he 
would support the Canadian Cyclists' As- 
sociation only in case it decided at its 
next meeting, which was to be held on 
Monday of this week. Better counsel 
doubtless prevailed. Members of the by- 
laws committee of the C. C. A. are au- 
thority for the statement that the rules 
to be adopted at that meeting would have 
reference only to racing. Following the 
adoption of such laws by the new body, 
the C. W. A. will take a mail vote to con- 
firm the action of the executive and in 
two weeks' time the control of racing in 
Canada will be exclusively in the hands 
of the C. C. A. 

At the annual meeting of the C. W. A. 
the Dominion day meet was granted to 
Ottawa for July 1. Upon the consumma- 
tion of the new order of things Ottawa 
will apply to the C. C. A. for a sanction 
and will probably obtain it. As Manager 
Dandurand of the Queen's Park track in 
Montreal had booked Jimmy Michael for 
the same day, he will endeavor to ar- 
range for a change of dates with Ottawa. 
On May 24 Harry Gibson and John Nel- 
son will meet in Montreal in a twenty - 
five-mile paced race, the winner to con- 
tinue for the hour record. 

To Road Race Promoters. 

The road records and sanctions com- 
mittee of American Century Wheelmen 
has issued the following notice to road 
race promoters and road riders relative to 
the future conduct of all road events. As 
has been agreed between the A. C. W. 
and N. C. A., the government of all road 
events has been vested in the A. C. W., 
and each organization will support the 
rulings of the other. Promoters and con- 
testants are invited to promptly co-oper- 
ate with the two organizations in the up- 
building and purification of the sport. 

Following is the registration notice: 

Notice is hereby given to road race oro- 
moters and amateur road riders throng-hon^ 
the United States that the boolts of the road 
records and sanctions committee, American 
Century Wheelmen, will be opened on Mon- 
day. May 7, for the registration of amateur 
road racing men, and the consideration and 
issue of sanctions for races to be held upon 
the public highways. 

Those residing in section A— all states east 
of Ohio, including Virginia and "West Vir- 
ginia, and the city of Cleveland, will apply 
to Walter A. Hastings. 802 Central avenue. 
Cleveland; those in section B— all states 
west and south of section A. and east of the 
Mississippi river, except Illinois anVJ the city 
of Cleveland, to Charles O. Phelps, 530 
I^angdon street. Toledo, O. ; those in sections 
C, the state of Illinois and all territory west 



of the Mississippi river, to G. II. Alexander, 
203.3 Van Buren street, Chicago. 

In localities, however, represented by dis- 
trict centurions, application should be made 
direct to such officers, who will forward to 
the member of the R. R. and S. committee 
in whose section he resides. The registra- 
tion fee is but fifty cents, good for the en- 
tire year 1900. Applications for sanction 
must be filed with the R. R. and S. commit- 
tee at least five days before the date of a 
race, and not more than one sanction will 
be issued for races held upon the same day 
whose starting or finishing points are within 
ten miles of each other. Copies of road rac- 
ing rules will be furnished to promoters and 
contestants upon application to this com- 
mittee. 

Working for Good Roads Planks. 

The highway improvement committee 
of the League of American Wheelmen is 
down to work in its undertaking to se- 
cure good roads planks in the democratic 
and republican national platforms. It re- 
alizes the diflBculties of securing such rec- 
ognition from the political parties and its 
individual members know, from personal 
experience, the amount of work to be 
done and the methods necessary to a suc- 
cessful outcome. So it cannot be said 
the conventions will be approached by 
novices who know nothing of the status 
of their request or of the personality of 
the men they will have to approach. 
They are going at it in a systematic way 
and will be supported by the full strength 
of the organization. 

To make their work most effective, 
however, they earnestly request all 
wheelmen, farmers, automobilists and 
other friends of the good roads move- 
ment to write to the delegates of both 
conventions urging the adoption of the 
good roads planks. The evidence of local 
demand thus made apparent to the polit- 
ical representatives, if in sufficient vol- 
ume, will make an impression that will 
insure the adoption of the planks even if 
no other means are employed. Further, 
the league asks that all bicycle clubs, 
farmers' organizations, local improve- 
ment societies and similar organizations 
adopt resolutions favoring the insertion 
of the planks and send copies thereof to 
the chairman of the highway improve- 
ment committee, H. B. Fullerton, Long 
Island City, L. I. These organizations are 
also requested to urge their individual 
members to write to the delegates. 

In support of the planks the L. A. W. 
expects to show some of the results of its 
good roads agitation. A few years ago 
the opponents of the movement charged 
the league with selfish motives in want- 
ing better roads simply to improve cy- 
cling conditions. This was admitted to 
be true in a small way only, for the 
League maintained that good roads wert) 
an economic necessity for all classes. It 
has convinced numerous agricultural or- 
ganizations and thousands of farmers in 
all sections of the truth of the statement, 
and from these converts the league ex- 
pects to show its allied support. 

The Future of Cycle Pattis. 

Although bicycle paths have been 
looked upon more in the light of a tem- 
porary expedient that will disappear as 
the roads they parallel are improved than 
as a permanent institution, there is good 
reason for believing that many miles of 
the paths that are being constructed this 
year in widely separated sections of the 
country will exist perhaps for decades if 
not for centuries. Even though the bi- 
cycle should be wholly superseded in the 
years to come by motor vehicles or even 
by flying machines, people will still go 



about more or less on two feet, and resi- 
dents along the routes of these paths 
have quickly learned that the paths are 
as great a convenience to themselves as 
to the bicyclists. They are excellent foot- 
paths and are in good condition for walk- 
ing from house to house or for going to 
town when the roads are impassable 
either afoot or by wagon. They are also 
much used by the farmers' children in go- 
ing to school in winter. Moreover, farm- 
ers favor such paths because they serve 
to keep bicyclists out of the roads, where 
they will not make it necessary for teams 
to turn out to allow them to pass. The 
paths, instead of being injured by being 
walked upon, will be kept in better con- 
dition. 

It appears therefore that there is a long 
and useful life ahead in store for the cy- 
cle p?,th movement. 

No one thing has tended so much to 
keep alive or rather to revive in full force 
the interest in bicycling as this great 
movement. Realizing that their construc- 
tion means more bicycle riding and con- 
sequently more sales, the dealers in many 
parts of the country are taking an active 
part in promoting their construction. To 
such paths we must look for the solution 
of the sidewalk riding problem and per- 
haps in many places to the settlement of 
the lamp and bell agitation. 

Solution of Sidewalk Problem. 

The opening of the riding season has 
brought about the renewal of the agita- 
tion against sidewalk riding in a great 
many of our cities and towns, with the re- 
sult in many cases that new prohibitive 
ordinances have been passed or the old 
existing laws strictly enforced, to the in- 
convenience in either case of many riders 
who make daily use of their machines. 

Probably the friction over the matter 
will never be overcome wholly until the 
streets of all cities and towns are well 
paved and kept clean, or, what seems 
more likely to be realized, every commu- 
nity is provided with a complete system 
of bicycle paths. In this connection the 
following editorial from the Fresno 
(Cal.) Republican is very apropos: 

The arrest of sidewalk bicyclists contin- 
ues and will probably not cease until the 
law is either repealed or obeyed. But the 
question arises, why is this law, of all laws, 
so generally disregarded? People do not 
offend by riding their horses or running 
their wagons on the sidewalks, or by walk- 
ing habitually in the streets, to the obstruc- 
tion of traffic. No law is needed to keep 
pedestrians and horses to their own parts 
of the street, for in obeying the law they 
are consulting their own convenience. The 
trouble with the poor bicyclist is that there 
is no place where he belongs. The street 
is not fit for him and he in not fit for the 
sidewalk. 

Why not provide a place for the bicyclist 
where he will go because ."le likes as well 
as because he must? There is plenty of 
room. Our streets are broad and our side- 
walks are broad. Ample room for a bicycle 
path could be spared from either. The path 
can be cheaply made — at least as cheaply as 
a narrow sidewalk— and It will keep itself. 
All it needs is a curbing to keep steel-tired 
vehicles off it and the rubber tires will do 
the rest. 

The bicycle is as much an established fea- 
ture of modern street life as is the pedes- 
trian or the horse and wagon. It is the 
least expensive to provide for them all and 
is the only one not always provided for. 
There ought to be bicycle paths wherever 
there are sidewalks and along the more im- 
portant country roads as well. The whole 
world will soon be awheel and the demand 
for roads fit for a wheel will become impera- 
tive. The cheapest and best way to satisfy 
the demand is to give the wheelmen paths 
of their own. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



51 



THE FRENCH LOSE AT HOME 



Grogna Wins Scratch Race in Paris — Native 

Cracks Also Lose Other Events 

— Bauge's Records. 



The Sunday races on the Prince track 
in Paris on April 22 were attended by 
a very large crowd as the people expected 
to see some interesting events, all the 
sprinters who took part in the grand 
prize of Easter being entered in the 
scratch race. This was run in eight heats 
over a course of 1.334 meters or two laps. 
In the first heat Bourotte started his 
sprint at fifty yards from the tape and 
gradually passed Eros, winner of the 
Easter scratch race, and won by half a 
length from Louvet, Eros running third, 
having ceased his effort when passed by 
the winner. Jacquelin ran third in his 
heat a tire's width back of Vanoni, who 
was beaten for first by inches by Poch, 
who, taking the lead, run away from the 
others, who did not go after him until 
too late. The other heats were won by 
Tommaselli, Bixio, Grogna, Deleu, Thuau 
and Domain. 

Bourotte Not in the Finish. 

The first semi-finals was won by 
Grogna sitting up, and Verheyen defeated 
Momo by half a wheel length for sec- 
ond place. In the second semi-final Bixio 
won from Meyers by half a wheel. In 
the third Tommaselli crossed the tape 
fully three lengths ahead of Domain and 
Louvet, while the last semi-final was 
captured by Bourotte from Deleu and 
Huber. 

The four winners lined up at the start 
of the final. Grogna took the lead. In 
the middle of the last turn Tommaselli 
suddenly jumped ahead, but the Belgian 
kept him going on the outside. Bixio 
then came from behind, and, creeping 
along the fence, came up almost on even 
terms with Grogna. In the home stretch 
the fight was exciting, all three putting 
up a game fight. Grogna, however, came 
out victor a wheel length ahead of Bixio, 
who defeated his countryman, Tomma- 
selli by half a length. Bourotte was not 
in the finish. 

Tandem Race a Fluke. 

The final of the tandem race for which 
the teams qualified in four preliminary 
heats, was won on a fluke by Vanoni and 
Loubet. At the start Meyers and Tom- 
maselli took the lead and held it until 
surprised and passed by Domain and Pre- 
vot, whose chain broke a second later, 
leaving the former team to go ahead 
again. Meyers and Tommaselli appeared 
to be the winners until Vanoni and Lou- 
vet, who had remained two lengths in 
the rear throughout, suddenly jumped 
ahead and turned in so close to the pole, 
which was held by the German-Italian 
team, that the latter was forced to slow 
up and even lost second place to Jac- 
quelin and Mathieu. A protest was en- 
tered against the winners but was not 
allowed, the oflScials having failed to see 
the error. 

The long markers in the 1,500 meters 
handicap worked well together and won, 
Verheyen (35 meters) running third. Jac- 
quelin ran third in his heat, which was 
won by Gougoltz (40). 

Bauge Breaks Records. 

Bauge, paced by a motor tricycle, then 
made an attempt on the ten-kilometer 
record of 10:07 held by Bouhours, and 
succeeded in covering the distance in the 
remarkable time of 9:37 3-5, clipping al- 
most half a minute from the former fig- 
ures. 

On the following day, Monday, Bauge 
broke several other world's records. He 
first covered the kilometer with flying 
start in : 54 4-5 as against Champion's for- 
mer record of :56, then he did the third- 



kilometer in : 17 2-5 as against : 18 4-5, 
and two-thirds in :36 as against :37 2-5. 

Continuing his record breaking trials, 
Bauge went for the ten-mile record held 
by Elkes on April 26. Paced by a tri- 
cycle, he covered the distance in 15: 4G 
1-5, breaking Taylor's European record, 
made a few days before, by 31 4-5 sec- 
onds, but missing Bikes' world's record 
by 20 seconds. Bauge, however, broke all 
kilometer records from eleven to sixteen 
kilometers, covering fifteen kilometers in 
14:41 4-5. 

KRAMER WINS AT VAILSBURG 



NEWS FROM TRAINING CAMP 



Rain Prevents Sunday Races— How Methods 

Have Changed — Bald Working Out 

Hard and Riding Well, 



Bx-Amateur Champion Defeats Eaton, Free- 
man and Fisher by Speed and I,uck. 



Newark, N. J., May 6. — Frank Kramer, 
the amateur champion of 1899, made his 
professional debut today at Vailsburg be ■ 
fore 4,000 spectators, who cheered him 
heartily as he passed the half-mile post a 
winner of his first cash contest, with suci 
good men as Freeman, Eaton and Fisher 
at Lis heels in this order. 

His -victory was not as satisfactory to 
his friends as it might have been had the 
luck of the game been otherwise and had 
he not had the advantage of a swerve by 
Eaton as they entered the home stretch, 
which let him out of a pocket and utterly 
ruined the chances of Freeman, who 
seems to be keyed up now to the highest 
notch of his career. 

Then, too, though by changing pace 
with Eaton and Freeman, his fellow 
scratch men, in the ten-mile handicap, 
Kramer got up with the bunch two laps 
from home, he failed to push his way 
through the crowd for even a piece of the 
place money, so he has yet to prove his 
chance of bearing the same relation to 
the money chasers — a very speedy, lot 
this year — as he did to the amateurs last 
season. He certainly has a marvelous 
sprint equal to that of any of them. 
Whether he will be able to do the prelim- 
inary maneuvering in fast and clever 
company to make it available remains to 
be seen. He certainly displayed poor 
generalship today. 

The two-mile professional handicap 
was fast — 4 : 27 — for so early in the season 
and proved the swift going qualities of 
Freeman, who won it, though his success 
was largely due to a sleigh ride he had 
on Downing, who captured third money, 
the usually unlucky Hadfield taking sec- 
ond prize from the 120-yard mark. 

Two long mark men at 60 yards — C. G. 
Embleton and Edward Billington — put up 
a : 59 4-5 gait in the amateur half, which 
was a trifle too low a mark for Collett to 
surpass so early in the season, though he 
made a fine win of his heat. 

The three Nutmeg grinders — Jacobson 
(scratch), Cadwell (100) and Collett 
(scratch) — did the trick in the five-mile 
handicap in the order named, in 12:37 3-5. 



Sunday Racing for Cincinnati. 

Entry blanks just out for the Poorman 
road race from Hamilton to Cincinnati on 
Decoration day, show prizes as follows: 
First place, Dayton racer; second, Nor- 
wood bicycle; third, Crescent; first time, 
Dayton racer. The distance is 18% miles; 
entry fee, $1. The road race is to be fol- 
lowed in the afternoon by track races at 
Chester park. Commencing May 13, Sun- 
day racing is to be tried in Cincinnati, 
and on that date Charles Porter will meet 
John Nelson in a twenty-flve-mile paced 
race. 

Platt-Betts Breaks Standing Start Mile. 

The world's one-mile standing start 
paced record was broken by Platt-Betts 
on the Crystal Palace track in London on 
April 23. He did the trick in 1:39 2-5, 
clipping four-fifths of a second off the 
former record held by Jack Green. 



Fountain Ferry, May 6. — Rain prevent- 
ed the running of the second Sunday pro- 
gram here today, but the riders were in 
the best of shape arid ready for the fray. 
Two weeks of hard work has been done 
by the twenty champions in preparation 
for the season. Entirely without trainers 
eighteen of these men have worked quite 
as faithfully as they would have done 
with the best men of the country to di- 
rect them. The lack of trainers seems to 
have no appreciable bad effect upon 
them, and, realizing that success now de- 
pends entirely upon themselves, they 
work were conscientiously and consist- 
ently than in the more prosperous days 
of yore. They can no longer vent ill hu- 
mor due to restraint upon their trainers 
and even the rubbers enjoy a more agree- 
able existence. 

Training Rules less Stringent. 
No trainer living among the men could 
take exception to their habits of life or 
methods of work. The training rules set 
years ago by the prominent men now re- 
tired are being followed, because there 
are no better rules than these, but train- 
ing today is not what it used to be. The 
rules are far more liberal and yet the 
speed obtained is greater. The men do 
things today which five years ago would 
have brought censure for them from the 
firms employing them. This liberality 
makes training less of a task and the 
men work harder and break away less. 
The training rules of this country have 
been modified in fact to more nearly 
conform with the rules of Europe and the 
foreigners would find less opportunity to 
laugh at the Yankees for their close con- 
finement to the daily routine of training. 
The training table, for instance, is a 
myth. Smoking occasionally does not 
seem to hurt, and ale and a little beer 
does not slow the men. The man who 
takes the most liberties must work hard- 
er, that is all, but seemingly loses no 
speed. 

Ex-Champion Feels Encouraged. 

Despite his seemingly discouraged let- 
ter to Kennedy in Chicago and the un- 
founded item that has been going around 
the press of the country to the effect that 
he "cannot ride fast enough to keep 
warm," Eddie Bald is rounding nicely 
into condition, goes into the fastest bunch 
daily at the track and stays to the finish. 
The Bison follows his own line of work. 
He realizes that he has been out of the 
game for a year and goes about his train 
ing a little different from the others. He 
is confident he will return to his old-time 
form and is much encouraged by the 
progress made during the past week or 
ten days. 

Working Twice as Hard as Others. 

The ex-champion never worked harder 
than at present. For two weeks he has 
denied himself every pleasure, has 
worked unceasingly to get into condition, 
and has in fact done just twice as much 
work as any of the others. Without 
trainer or adviser he has followed the 
strictest rules of training. His work has 
been far more arduous than that of any 
of the other men and he has sought 
every opportunity to add to the work. 
Many a morning he has gone out heavily 
wrapped for a ten to twenty mile run 
afoot across fields, until on his return he 
was nearly ready to drop from exhaus- 
tion, and then in the afternoon has gone 
out for his ten-mile spin with the bunch 

Buffalo Wants Bald-Cooper Match. 

Throughout the country it seems to be 
the opinion that Bald will go to Europe 



52 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



He may, but it will not be until he de- 
cides, after long, hard work that it is use- 
less for him to persevere. His fellow 
riders look upon him as an active claim- 
ant for the championship this season, 
with a good chance at winning it. 

Buffalo wants to see Eddie Bald in 
shape and after Cooper once more. The 
Pan-American city is trying now to bring 
the pair together at an early date. Until 
Bald gains a reputation once more his 
meeting with Cooper would lack the sen- 
sational qualities shown in the remarka- 
ble race of '97, but a month from now or 
about July 4, providing the ex-champion 
continues to impi-ove, there should be a 
race with features about it which would 
attract universal attention. 

Teatu Races in Prospect. 

Jay Eaton and Frank Kramer, the 
Vailsburg pair whose challenge for a 
team race was lately issued, have a race 
on with Howard Freeman and Hardy 
Downing, the Californians, May 20. They 
will ride a team race in three heats, 
points to score at finish five, three, two 
and one, any style of legitimate team 
work to be allowed. McFarland and Ste- 
vens and Kiser and Cooper are also anx- 
ious to take up the challenge, and Rutz 
and Hausman will ask for a contest in 
June. 

There is some talk among the stars of 
going to Detroit for the fifteen-mile pro- 
fessional road race on the Belle Isle 
course, but they object to the limitation 
of one prize to a rider. The stars might 
take a chance from scratch for the first 
prizes and the time prizes. On the 
Fountain Ferry track they pace and pace 
about for fifteen miles at a 2:10 gait and 
think nothing of it. This time they be- 
lieve could be duplicated on Belle Isle 
with its long straightaways and, provid- 
ing the limitation is lifted, several may 
decide to take a flyer on the road. 



YALE DEFEATS COLUMBIA 



I/atter's Team Goes to Pieces In Fifth Mile 
of Team Race— Other Events. 



New York, May 5. — Although the formal 
opening of the cycle racing season will 
not occur until tomorrow at Vailsburg, 
there were some rattling good races with 
a lot of fast men in them incidental to 
the spring games of the College of the 
City of New York at Berkeley Oval this 
afternoon. 

The cycling feature of the afternoon 
was the five-mile five-men team race be- 
tween Columbia and Yale. It was even 
up for two miles and then the Columbia 
quintette gathered in a gain of thirty 
yards at the close of the third mile. At 
the fourth mile Yale, by well distributed 
team work, had pulled up even. In the 
last mile Columbia broke up badly and 
Welles tried to do the trick alone, but 
Yale in solid phalanx swept over the 
line a winner by 120 yards in 11:45 1-5. 
Columbia's time was 11:571-5. 

Big fields started in the mile and two- 
mile handicaps with Collett and Schofield 
in scratch and the best of the Yale and 
Columbia teams and some good local men 
on the short marks. Collett showed his 
old form. He not only won the mile in 
2:17 1-5, but pulled in two of his Yale 
men with him — M. Moore (60), second; 
and R. H. Gentry (100), third. 

The three back men had a spill early 
in the two-mile handicap, which had two 
Yale men for first and second and a Co- 
lumbia man for third. The prize winners 
were: E. Farley, R. H. Gentry and D. S. 
Hudson, in this order, all starting from 
the 90-yard mark. The time was 4:41 3-5. 

The closed two-mile handicap went to 
J. S. Rae (scratch) in 5:32 4-5, with F. 
Hollman (75), second, and R. W. "Wood 
(25), third. 

Cycle Age repair book, $2; to subscrib- 
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PATENTS ^ ^ 



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ELECTRICITY, GAS AND GASOLINE, 
STEAM AND OTHER POWERS 



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A general index will enable the subscriber to turn at once to any patent he desires. 

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54 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



QUAKER CITY UNION RUN 



More Than i,ooo Riders in I>ine Demon- 
strate That Cycling Interest Still Lives. 



Philadelphia, May 7. — Yesterday's com- 
bined run of the A. C. C. was a record 
breaker. At 9:30 a. m. sharp more than 
800 wheelmen left the city hall bound for 
the country home of the Century Wheel- 
men, at Liddonfield, on the banks of the 
Delaware river. The long line was led by 
fifty-four members of the Pennsylvania 
Bicycle Club, which was accorded the 
right of the line by virtue of being the 
oldest existing cycling organization in 
the city. Then followed Century, with 
the largest representation in line, eighty- 
seven men; Time Wheelmen, with fifty- 
five; Quaker City Wheelmen, forty-three; 
Penn Wheelmen, forty; League Cycling 
Club, eighty-four; Continental Wheel- 
men, nineteen; Northeast Wheelmen, 
thirty; Tannhauser Wheelmen, sixty; 
Waverley Wheelmen, forty-one; Castle 
Wheelmen, fifty-two; Philadelphia Wheel- 
men, forty-three. Then followed upwards 
of 200 riders belonging to smaller clubs 
not Identified with the A. C. C. Scattered 
along the line at intervals were half a 
dozen motor-tricycles and one loney loco- 
mobile. The Centurions turned out the 
latter and three of the "choo-choos." 

At Liddonfield were gathered fully 200 
wheelmen, who felt "too tired" to pedal 
there, and who preferred to use the rail- 
road. Three bands were scattered about 
the spacious grounds, and every room on 
the ground floor was pressed into service 
as dining rooms. 

The object of the outing— "to demon- 
strate that cycling was not dead yet," as 
one of the officials put it — was certainly 
attained. The demonstration on the re- 
turn trip down Broad street in the after- 
noon, when the sidewalks were crowded 
with strollers, was impressive. Every re- 
turning cyclist from an up-country trip 
tagged on to the rear of the four-abreast 
line, until fully 1,200 riders were in the 
procession. 

The A. C. C. officials are highly delight- 
ed with the success of the affair and will 
probably promote an inter-club competi- 
tive century run, to take place some time 
in Ju-ne over the historic Newark-Phila- 
delphia route. 



Connecticut Lantern Law Violated. 

Hartford, Conn., May 7. — Complaint is 
heard regarding violations of the state 
laws regulating the speed of bicycles and 
the use of lanterns. The violation of 
the latter law is said to be flagrant 
throughout the state. Automobiles are 
subject by special provision to the same 
laws which regulate bicycles. Wheelmen 
and (jwners of automobiles assert that if 
the lantern law is needed for them it is 
also desirable for vehicles of all descrip- 
tions and there is likelihood that legis- 
lation to this effect, as well as a strin- 
gent wide-tire bill, may be introduced at 
the next session of the general assembly 
by way of retaliation. 



Danish Champion Wins in Berlin. 

At the well attended meet given on the 
Friedenau track in Berlin on Sunday, 
April 22, Ellegaard. the Danish champion, 
showed his good form by winning the 
scratch with great ease by ten yards. 
Seven riders lined up for the fifty-kilo- 
meter paced race. Robl took the lead 
from the start and, having by far the 
best pace, had gained almost 100 meters 
at the end of the second lap. He won 
in 58:08 1-5. Koecher finished second 
three laps to the bad. 



Season Opens in Antwerp. 

The Zuremberg track in Antwerp was 
reopened with a race meet on April 22, 
but only a small crowd turned out, as 



MotorAoe 

The Automobile Authority of America 



Vol. n. 



CHICAGO, MAY JO, J900 



No. 9. 



THE LEADING CONTENTS 



FLINTS LATEST MOVE.— A detailed 
account of the great trust mak- 
er's advent in the motocycle business, 
telling his connection with the Ameri- 
can Bicycle Co. and drawing conclu- 
sions as to his being a large factor in 
the bicycle trust. The device which it 
is proposed to have made by the A. B. 
C. for Flint's new company is H. J. 
Lawson's "gyroscope" or motor wheel, 
a self-driving wheel intended to be at- 
tached to the front forks of any bicy- 
cle, converting it into a motocycle. A 
description of this wheel with the pat- 
ent claims is given in the Motor Ags's 
exhaustive article, as well as interviews 
with several persons interested. 

HErTMANN'S FORECARRIAGE.— A de- 
scription, with illustration, of a new 
device being marketed by a Frenchman, 
by the aid of which any horse-drawn 
vehicle can be converted into an auto- 
mobile by removing the front wheels 
and axle and substituting the new de- 
vice. 

TO AND FROM EDITOR AND READER. 
The regular question department of the 
Motor Age. This week a reader sends 
in -a letter telling how he purposes to 
use two Fauber hangers for steering 
knuckles for an automobile which he 
is building, and asking if his plain is 
feasible. The rough drawings which 
the correspondent sends have been fin- 
ished up and reproduced. The editor 
tells wherein the plan of the corres- 
pondent is not good and gives addi- 
tional drawings, showing how the lat- 
ter may utilize the Fauber hangers and 
still produce a running gear that meets 
all the requirements of a motor-vehicle. 
Another example of the value of this 
department. 

THE NEW YORK & OHIO CO.— An il- 
lustrated description of one of the first 
vehicles which a big manufacturing 
concern of Warren, Ohio is putting on 
the market, telling of the manner in 
which this vehicle is tested before be- 
ing sold and giving a great number of 
the important details of construction. 
A representative of the Motor Age had 
the opportunity of riding in this vehi- 
cle while it was being tested, and the 
account therefore bears the impress of 
personal experience. 

THE CENTURY MOTOR-VEHICLE CO. 
A description of the various kinds of 
motor-vehicles which are being manu- 
factured by this Syracuse concern, at 



the head of which are people who were 
recently in the bicycle business in con- 
nection with the Barnes Cycle Co. A 
detailed description of the steam vehi- 
cle of the company is given, with an 
illustration. _ 

WEEKLY PATENT OFFICE BUDGET. 
This is the regular department of the 
Motor Age, in which are given illustrat- 
ed descriptions of all of the motor-ve- 
hicle patents of the current week, de- 
scribed in such a manner that they can 
be understood by any one who will 
take the trouble to read the descrip- 
tions and look at the illustrations. 

BRITISH 1,000-MILES TRIAL.— A con- 
tinuation of the description of the won- 
derful pilgrimage, now in progress in 
Great Britain, of an immense caravan 
of motor-vehicles which are being 
driven over a 1,000-mile course, taking 
in all the larger cities of the country 
on their route, being placed on exhibi- 
tion in the most important ones. An 
instructive and interesting account of 
an event that is bound to make an era 
in the future history of the motor- 
vehicle's progress. 

FROM THE FOUR WINDS.— News of 
the motor-vehicle from all quarters of 
the world, including an account of the 
arrest of a great many chauffeurs in 
and near Paris for fast driving; the 
failure of Jean de Lamerre to reach 
Dawson City with his automobile 
equipment and the reasons therefor; 
Nat Goodwin's experience with an auto- 
mobile, telling how the popular come- 
dian kept an impatient audience wait- 
ing while he was enjoying the new 
style of locomotion; the introduction of 
motor-vehicles in Australia; together 
with a number of other items which are 
amusing, interesting or instructive. 

NEWS OF THE MOTOR INDUSTRY.— 
An Illustrated history of the past week 
among the makers of automobiles, au- 
tomobile parts and accessories, giving 
details of the methods of construction 
employed by successful firms, illustra- 
tions of useful parts and accessories, 
with the names and addresses of their 
makers and other items of general in- 
terest to all who are interested in the 
industry. Regular reading of this de- 
partment of the Motor Age will enable 
any person to keep well posted as to 
the condition of the industry and to 
become acquainted with the places 
where parts and accessories may be se- 
cured. 



It will be seen from the foregoing that THE MOTOR 
AGE, in its new dress and increased number of pages, is a 
paper which no man interested in motor vehicles can afford 
to miss. Now is the time to subscribe. 



Vol. XXV— No. 3. 



CHICAGO, MAY 17, 1900. 



New Series No. 13 ). 



MERELY A PLAY FOR TIME 



Trust Attorney Thinks the Answer of the 

Snyder Company Will Cause 

Only Short Delay. 



New York, May 12.— William A. Red- 
ding, counsel for the American Bicycle 
Co., in the Snyder bottom bracket suit, 
when seen to-day in reference to the 
plea of the defendants that the A. B. C. 
is an illegal combination of capital in 
restraint of trade and had no standing 
in the court, said: 

"I look upon the plea as merely a dila- 
tory one and think it will serve no other 
purpose than causing a delay of one or 
two months before the filing of an ans- 
wer to the subject matter of the com- 
plaint. I thought the defense wished to 
fight the case out on its merits at once 
and I consider this plea as a confession 
of weakness. Mr. Seymour and I ex- 
pect to push the Eagle case through to an 
argument early next year and if we get 
a decision I think it will go hard with 
the Snyder defendants unless they have 
a lot of new evidence." 

Will Take Evidence Abroad. 

Mr. Redding's attention was called to 
the delays in the Eagle suit, which was 
to have been pressed so quickly to a con- 
clusion, to Mr. Seymour's absence in 
California, and to his own and Mr. Sey- 
mour's projected trip to Europe on July 
11. 

"Mr. Seymour," said he, "will return 
from California by June 1 and he says 
he expects to take testimony on his trip 
abroad." 

Mr. Redding said the Snyder plea 
would have to be argued unless it was 
set aside by the court as frivolous or re- 
ferred for a trial of the facts alleged. 

James Harold Warner, counsel for the 
Cycle Trades Protective Association, re- 
fused to discuss the plea for publication. 



Colton Plant Formally Transferred. 

The report that the Keasey Pulley Co. 
of Toledo was negotiating for the pur- 
chase of the Colton bicycle plant in that 
city has been confirmed by the recording 
of papers last Friday transferring the 
plant from the American Bicycle Co. to 
the pulley concern for a consideration of 
$10,000. The sale, however, was consum- 
mated several days before, and includes 
the building, ground, boiler, engine and 
shafting. The machinery used for the 
manufacture of bicycles was not sold, but 
is now being taken out and distributed 
to the Lozier and other works owned by 
the trust. 

Suggestion to Exporters. 

It is suggested by Consul General Du- 
Bois at St. Gall in Switzerland, that if 
American firms having exhibits at Paris 
would send to the consular officers a few 
neatly printed cards, mentioning the 
character of their exhibits and extending 
a cordial invitation to the bearer to ex- 
amine them while visiting the exposi- 
tion, the consular officers of the United 



States would see that these cards are 
placed in the hands of merchants resid- 
ing in their districts who are likely to 
be interested in the exhibits to which 
they relate, and who will desire to exam- 
ine them should they visit the exposi- 
tion. 

He is in receipt of a letter from a 
large dealer in shoes who is going to 
Paris to examine the American exhibits 
to see if he can make arrangements to 
represent some good firms in Switzer- 
land, and who asks for the names of 
any such firms exhibiting there. This 
same spirit of inquiry exists, says the 
consul, among the Swiss dealers in hard- 
ware, automobiles, photographic sup- 
plies, machinery, food stuff and any 
other articles that can be exported from 
this country to Switzerland with success. 



COLUMBUS PLANT GOES NEXT 



GREATEST IN THE SOUTH 



Season of 1900 Opened Early and Sales 
Have Already Been Remarkable. 



Atlanta, Ga., May 14. — The business in 
this city for the season of 1900 will be di- 
vided among four houses only, of which 
three are handling "trust" wheels and 
one is a 'trust house" exclusively. W. 
D. Alexander & Co., the oldest dealers in 
the city, are handling a number of trust 
wheels and also a number that are not 
in the trust. Their trust machines are 
the Rambler, Columbia and Barnes and 
those not in the trust are the Dayton and 
a number of cheaper wheels. Q. F. Ran- 
dall has the Monarch and a cheaper line. 
F. G. Byrd is managing the "A. B. C. 
House," with the Sterling, Stearns and 
Crescent. 

The only house here that is strictly 
"not in the trust" is the H. A. Thornton 
Cycle Co. It has made this motto a dis- 
tinctive feature all the season in all its 
ads and has greatly benefited itself by so 
doing. Its line is the Orient, National, 
Eagle and Dixie, and up to date it has put 
out just twice as many bicycles as it 
did last season up to this time. 

The Atlanta police department for the 
year 1900 will be mounted on Eagles. 
Heretofore the mounted policemen have 
been riding Columbias. The chief of po- 
lice, W. P. Manly, in making the selection 
asked about all of the equipment, from 
tires down, to ascertain whether they 
were made by the trust, saying: "I want 
nothing that is connected with or con- 
trolled in any way by the trust furnished 
to the department." 

This season will be the greatest ever 
known in the south. It opened early; in 
fact, we had no winter at all, and sales 
have eclipsed anything ever known here- 
tofore. 



Some idea of the growth of the pneu- 
matic tire trade in Australia may be ob- 
tained from the statement made by an 
Antipodean contemporary that the bus- 
iness of the Dunlop company has in- 
creased from 100 pairs per week in 1894, 
when the branch was opened, to 3,000 
pairs per week at the present time. 



Trust Has Been Ou'«tly Removing the 

Machinery and Will Soon Stop 

Operations There. 



Columbus, O., May 15. — The formerly 
industrious and prosperous plant of the 
Columbus Bicycle Co. is being closed 
and the business here will be discontin- 
ued. Even now the plant is being dis- 
mantled and the machinery is either be- 
ing sold or removed to some of the other 
factories operated by the A. B. C. No 
more bicycles will be made here, and 
more than 300 persons are out of em- 
ployment as a consequence. It has been 
rumored from time to time that this ac- 
tion would be taken, but the work of 
closing the plant and removing the ma- 
chinery has been going on so quietly that 
few if any outside of the plant were aware 
of what was going on. The factory has 
made only a few machines this season, 
whereas the product heretofore has 
been between 25,000 and 30,000 annually, 
with work for the employes almost con- 
tinuously the year around. After the 
old officers and management retired some 
months ago, the business was placed in 
charge of a young man of good character 
and ability, but with little practical 
knowledge of the business. Trade 
dropped off from that time on and it be- 
came almost necessary to stop the manu- 
facture of the Columbus bicycles. The 
personality of the old management 
seemed to go a long way toward keeping 
up the business. 

Will Antagonize I<aboring^ Classes. 

When the fact that this plant is being 
dismantled becomes generally known in 
Columbus, there will doubtless be a great 
boom in anti-trust machines. The labor- 
ing men here are well organized and will 
be highly wrought up over the action of 
the A. B. C. in closing down the factory 
and throwing so many people out of em- 
ployment so suddenly. 



L. C. Boardman, the former well known 
cycle editor, now has a road house on 
the Coney Island cycle path, and has a 
fine chance to observe the extent of cy- 
cling from a comparative standpoint. 

"More riding is being done this spring 
than for several years," said he to a 
Cycle Age man. "I can tell this by the 
crowds on the path and the receipts at 
my house. The number of new riders is 
remarkable. Fully two-thirds of the 
riders now ride in long trousers. You 
see, they buy Iheir bicycles first and 
knickerbockers are an after considera- 
tion." 

In a letter signed by George Pope, vice 
president of the American Bicycle Co., 
that concern advises the Thompsonville 
board of trade that it is not at present 
in position to rent or sell the Thomp- 
sonville plant, from which it has just 
removed the machinery, but that it is 
hoped that later on it will be possible 
to make the city a favorable proposi- 
tion. 



56 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



LIVING METHODS DESCRIBED 



lyARGBST DBAI<SRS IN BAI^TIMORB 
GIVE SOME GOOD ADVICE 



Repairing Made Profitable by Businesslike 
Treatment-Moral Courage a Factor- 
Management of Installment Sales. 



Baltimore, Md., May 12. — Editor Cycle 
Age. — The independent machines are do- 
ing much the better business in this 
town, the sales being perceptibly larger 
among machines of this class than last 
year, while there is a proportionate de- 
cline in trust machines. The chainless 
type finds little sale and those who 
bought last season are offered but little 
inducement in trade for chain models. 

There have been few changes. N. T. 
Slee, who was the oldest exclusive bicycle 
dealer, is now in the employ of the trust. 
We are handling the Orient as our leader 
and the National as a new line, with me- 
dium and cheap grades as low as $18. We 
have had to add a large annex and now 
have the largest cycle establishment in 
Baltimore, comprising nearly 5,000 square 
feet of space. We also claim to have the 
best facilities for handling automobiles. 

We make a leading feature of our re- 
pair department, and receipts from this 
alone average about $500 per month; we 
have been in continuous business here 
for nine years and our repair trade is 
gradually growing. We carry only sala- 
ble lines of sundries, and always buy in 
quantities to get the lowest cash prices, 
as we find this department of our busi- 
ness barely worth speaking of as a source 
of profit, owing to the method employed 
by competitive dealers here. 

For Idlers and Kickers 

We think the nicest models are with the 
inch tubing, flush joints, and believe this 
will be popular. 

We have some trouble in keeping our re- 
pair department clear of idlers, for although 
it is conspicuously placarded, some people 
will paj' no attention. We, with other deal- 
ers no doubt, have chronic kickers, partic- 
ularly those who buy the closest, or who are 
plow in meeting their payments, and we 
have appropriate signs for their edification. 
For instance, one sign reads, "Sundries and 
repairs must be cash." Another reads: 

Things to remember— for absent-minded 
people only: 

1st. We are in business as a financial in- 
vestment, and not for health. 

2nd. Our profit on wheels is not sufficient 
to warrant us making free gifts for ever 
after. A true sportsman will bear this in 
mind. 

3rd. We employ the best help obtainable- 
pay them living wages; please bear this in 
mind, and when we make you a nominal 
charge for our services, pay it with good 
grace. 

4th. Try not to be absent minded. 

We find cards like this save a great deal 
of explanation, and sometimes other more 
serious complications. We have another 
sign reading: "Wheels left for repairs not 
called for in thirty days will be put on 
storage at $1.00 per month. All repairs not 
redeemed in four months will be sold for 
such storage and repair charges." 

Moral Courage Necessary. 

We consider that every dealer should 'have 
signs like these in his place, as a matter 
of protection to himself. It will save many 
an argument. The great reason why many 
dealers go down to defeat (and generally 
bring loss to too trusting manufacturers) is 
their lack of, we might say, moral courage 
in handling their customers. Because a man 
buys a bicycle is no reason why you should 
be continually doing free work for that 
man. It is these little charges which 
amount up and go a great way toward pay- 
ing your help. 

A man will ride his machme hard for two 
months, never look at it, and, possibly, the 
chain will jump the sprocket, or the tire 
come off. He comes back with fire in his 
eye, and right here the moral courage 
comes in. 

We have had just such people to deal 



with, and after investigating the matter, if 
we find it is purely a case of that man's 
carelessness, we tell him so in a firm and 
business-like manner, and insist upon pay- 
ment for our services, if it only be ten cents 
for the cement used in putting on his tire. 
If the trouble is any fault of our work or of 
the machine, then we a'dmit it and make the 
man feel at once that we are only too glad 
to correct this trouble. 

On the other hand, to allow a rider to 
brow-beat one not only puts a dealer in 
bad repute with that rider but that rider 
will spread uncomplimentary remarks and 
the dealer becomes an easy mark for every 
misiiap that comes along. Presently he 
wonders why he does not make a living— 
we say living advisedly, as we do not be- 
lieve there is a dealer in the business who 
can make a "good thing" selling bicycles. 

System in Installment Sales. 

Another grave mistake the cycle trad« 
makes is lack of attention to finances. A 
man will buy a bicycle for, say, $10 cash, 
and 11.50 per week, or $C per month. If that 
man pays his week's or month's install- 
ment, all well and good; but if he does not, 
the average dealer does not awaken to the 
fact until several weeks or a few months 
have flown by, and the result is either a 
lost bicycle or a badly beaten steed turned 
back on ihis hands. 

There is only one proper way, and that is 
to sell on installments by the week only, ex- 
cept in some very exceptional instances— 
and collect your money. We have a system 
of cards, and the bookkeeper each Monday 
lays on the writer's desk those card names 
who have not paid up that week. We im- 
mediately send after them and if the second 
week they do not come up, we warn them, 
in frequent letters, that their installments 
remain unpaid and urging them to come up. 
If at Jhe end of the third week they do 
not come to the front, we take steps to get 
back our property. 

We do not mean to give the impression 
that we are hard on those who cannot pay, 
or hasty, for we have out now several ac- 
counts over a year old among persons who 
for reasons beyon'd their control, are really 
needy. We do not press such, but there are 
so many who understand that the cycle 
dealer is a soft thing that he really 
is a much-imposed-upon individual, and it 
lies entirely with him whether he wishes to 
draw away from this. 

It is beyond all reason for the dealer in 
cycles to exist unless he gefs what is prom- 
ised him, with the small profits he makes 
on machines, and if he must sell on time, 
he should watch the returns of his install- 
ments just as zealously as he would the 
making of sales. It generally happens that 
during the three months he is rushed, he 
lets everything else go until the dull time 
comes, and it is just this time that the in- 
stallment buyer concludes that he is getting 
tired of riding. 

I,earned by Bitter Experience. 

Dealers, look after your accounts, and 
even if the "dead ones" put up a whin© 
and call you mean, insist on your rights or 
a good excuse. An honest and well meaning 
person. If he cannot pay up, will let you 
know,^ and not wait for you to be sending 
your collector every day. Such people are 
your friends; treat them right and assist 
them by giving them all the time they need 
to catch up. 

By living up to legitimate ways, charging 
and getting money for your services, and 
putting your price at a legitimate basis, you 
may carry on a successful cycle business. 
Once establish it on this ground and no 
one can long keep it from you. We have 
learned these things from bitter experience 
and losses, and our methods now offend no 
one, and our trade is better than ever be- 
fore. 

We always look forward to receipt of your 
paper with much interest, and every live 
cycle dealer should lend his aid by subscrib- 
ing to an organ which is doing so much for 
that trade. Frank I. Clark & Co. 



Relief From Details. 

The fact that the dealer holds the po- 
sition of head of a business presupposes 
the possession by him of abilities beyond 
the ordinary. The creation and main- 
tenance of a large business is not ac- 
complished by mediocre minds. To 
achieve success there must be force 



somewhere, says an exchange. In some 
men it is found in ability to plan; in 
others in a personality that forces others 
to do as the former wish; in a few 
instances ordinary mental power, coupled 
with unwearied diligence, has forced 
a successful result. But this fact is pat- 
ent: It is brain work, not manual labor, 
that counts. The merchant who stands 
around and thinks is a better business 
man than one who spends his every 
working hour in detail work. The profit- 
able business is made by successfully util- 
izing the labor of others. A man's pow- 
ers for personal effort are limited; he 
must depend upon others to help him. 
His task is to derive a profit from the 
labor of those he employs. To do this 
he must have leisure to plan, to watch, 
to oversee and direct. He must not oc- 
cupy his time so that he cannot do this. 
The minute that a business man permits 
the details of his business to master him 
he loses the mastery of his business. He 
ceases to progress. 



THE CHAINLESS IN ROME 



Sales of Both Sager and Bevel Gear Machines 
Reported Satisfactory. 



Rome, N. Y., May 14.— In an inter- 
view reported two weeks ago with one 
of the leading dealers here the Cycle 
Age man made an error in stating that 
A. S. Noonan had not found much de- 
mand for chainless bicycles. The in- 
terview as reported with Mr. Noonan 
was had with W. S. Birnie, who does 
not believe the chainless machine a suc- 
cess. While Mr. Birnie's experience 
with the chainless has not been entirely 
satisfactory, the other leading dealer 
has had a most satisfactory sale of this 
type of bicycle. Referring to the sale 
of the chainless, Mr. Noonan said: 

"One of the large makers whose lines 
I represent has asked me not to push 
his chainless, as the factory is unable to 
keep up with the demand. I am having 
a good sale on the Stearns and the 
Wolff-American Sager gear machines, 
and have now three or four sold that 
have not yet come in. I expect to sell 
at least twenty or twenty-five of this 
pattern during the season." 

The trade here is looking forward to 
a good midsummer business, not in sun- 
dries and supplies alone, but in bicycles 
as well. W. S. Birnie has recently made 
an extensive addition to his repair shop, 
extending it back about thirty-five feet, 
which gives him one of the most commo- 
dious cycle stores in this part of the 
state. 



A Word of Caution to Makers. 

L. O. Wahl, of Colorado Springs, Col., 
handles independent machines only and 
has sold thirty-eight so far this season. 
He has a word or two to say to manufac- 
turers. "Unless," he writes, "there is 
some radical change inaugurated by man- 
ufacturers in the present policy of mar- 
keting bicycles, it will be impossible for a 
live dealer to devote his time and capital 
to this class of business, and hardware 
and similar stores will be the only places 
where a few machines may find a market. 
Of course, repair shops will be main- 
tained, but only by a poor class of would- 
be mechanics who could not successfully 
sell bicycles. Each factory should take 
on only as many agents and such terri- 
tory as would enable it, by local advertis- 
ing and in other ways, to assist its agents 
to sell their lines in sufiicient numbers to 
make it a business proposition. A good 
make of bicycle can be pushed in any 
community, if it is properly advertised, 
and this must be done by the manufac- 
turer through his agent in local papers." 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



57 



TENDS TO INCREASE SALES 



Use of Anti-Trust Posters Helps Trade in 

Independent Lines— Weather the 

Only Drawback. 



Cleveland, May 14.— Bicycle dealers 
here state that without exception this 
is the most backward season they have 
ever experienced. There have been 
scai'cely a dozen warm days and these 
have slipped in between cold, wet or 
foggy weather, so that there has been 
scarcely an opportunity for the usual 
spring bicycle fever to assert itself ex- 
cept in the case of a few ardent wheel- 
men. Naturally, therefore, the trade has 
been very slow in opening. 

Sales during the few pleasant days of 
the past month have been brisk enough, 
however, to assure the dealers that it is 
simply the weather and not loss of inter- 
est which is holding back the trade. The 
more optimistic feel assured that a steady 
spell of warm weather will cause trade to 
assume its normal sti-ength, while there 
are a few who seem inclined to believe 
that this will be an off season. Most of 
the sales made thus far have been of a 
very satisfactory character, the better 
grades going best and the cash sales be- 
ing comparatively more numerous than 
usual. 

Trading Problem Solved. 

Another feature of the business which 
has been especially pleasing is that the 
practice of trading in old machines has 
been discouraged, without having a ma- 
terial effect upon the number of sales. 
With no concerted action in the matter 
but simply through force of circumstan- 
ces, nearly all of the best dealers have 
adopted the rule of declining to make an 
allowance for second-hand machines, ob- 
viating the difficulty, generally to the rid- 
er's satisfaction, by selling the old ma- 
chine for the rider upon a small commis- 
sion — although in some cases no commis- 
sion is charged. The rider is allowed to 
take the new machine at once, upon pay- 
ment of the approximate difference in 
price, the balance being paid when the 
sale of the old mount is made. 

Posters Decide Many Purchases. 

"Anti-trust" sentiment is unquestiona- 
bly growing in this city. In a recent visit 
to the various stores the correspondent 
noticed that no less than six prominent 
establishments are displaying the Cyc'.e 
Age poster announcing that "O'lir Bicy- 
cles Are Not Made By a Trust." One 
dealer, who- handles both independent and 
trust lines, stated that this announcement 
had clearly increased the sales of the 
former, many riders at once forming an 
opinion from the poster when undecided 
which machine to take. 

The Hoffman Bicycle Co. is one of the 
most noteworthy of the concerns dis- 
playing the announcement, and while 
course much of the business can be ac- 
counted for by the undeniable popularity 
of the machine in this section. Mr. Hoff- 
man states that by prominently display- 
ing the statement mentioned the sales of 
his machine have been increased about 
20 per cent over last year; this, too, in 
the face of the fact that several concerns 
handling trust lines admit that their sales 
are considerably below those of last year 
up to this time. 

Most Effective in Workingaieti's Districts. 

The anti-trust statement seems to be 
particularly valuable in sections of the 
city where the laboring classes reside. 
The Lamont Cycle Co., 1169 Pearl street, 
does a large trade with this class and 
does not hesitate to say that with a trust 
line it would be practically out of the 
business. This company handles the 
Pierce, heretofore almost unknown in 
Cleveland, and its sales thus far have 



been considerably in excess of its sales 
last year, when it handled a trust line. 

C. H. Merkle, 1894 Pearl street, is an- 
other dealer who believes he is following 
the right policy in pushing an anti-tinist 
make. He handles the Orient and reports 
that his sales have mcreased considerably 
since he has made it a point to call 
public attention to the fact that it is of 
independent parentage. 

Sundries Trade Cut Into. 

The sundries trade of the legitimate 
dealers is again suffering from the in- 
roads made by cut rate department 
stores. Last year there were several of 
this class of establishments in the field, 
but last fall with but one exception they 
withdrew their bicycle department, much 
to the delight of the dealers, who, feeling 
that they would be comparatively safe 
from this kind of competition, decided to 
pay more attention to the sundry business 
and laid in heavier stocks than usual. 
However, the one department store re- 
maining in the trade seems bent on mak- 
ing up for the others and is offering 
standard lines of sundries at prices which 
almost defy competition without a loss. 

Protest Against Proposed Ordinance. 

Retailers and jobbers, especially the 
latter, are making a vigorous protest 
against the passage of an ordinance re- 
cently brought before the city council to 
regulate the storing of calcium carbide. 
The proposed measure prohibits the keep- 
ing of carbide except in air tight cans and 
the storage of more than fifty pounds at 
a time. Especially averse to having the 
ordinance passed is one large concern 
which makes .a practice of buying carbide 
in the lump, crushing it, and refilling old 
cans for dealers at reduced prices. The 
ordinance, if passed, will spoil this busi- 
ness. 

The Cycle Plating Co. of Cleveland has 
been incorporated with a capital stock 
of $10,000, to manufacture and plate bi- 
cycles and bicycle parts. Max Goldham- 
raer and A. E. Goldhammer are the lead- 
ing stockholders of the company. Both 
were formerly in the American Cycle & 
Plating Works of this city, which did a 
considerable business for several years 
but which failed last fall. 



OMAHA SEASON STARTS WELL 



All Indications Point to Unprecedented Sales- 
Buying Is Delayed by Untoward 
Weather — Dealers' Views. 



LAMINATED TUBE CO. BEGINS 



Starts Manufacture of Brass I.ined I^atnin- 
ated Tubing in New Columbus Factory. 

Columbus, Ohio, May 14. — The factory 
of the Laminated Tube Co. was put in 
operation last week for a few days, but 
was later shut down to make some fur- 
ther adjustments of machinery. This 
week it will be put to work in earnest to 
fill orders which have already been re- 
ceived. The company will make laminat- 
ing tubing under its own patents. It is 
a brass lined tubing and differs in some 
important respects from anything 'that 
has been put on the market so far. The 
officers have had inquiries from such far 
away countries as Finland and from the 
European countries. Arrangements have 
been partially completed for representa- 
tions on the Pacific coast, where the pros- 
pects are good. 

As soon as the tube mills are in oper- 
ation and all orders have been taken care 
of, the company will install machinery for 
the manufacture of a type of wheels for 
automobiles upon which the company 
holds a patent. 



Makers are at "the beginning of the 
end" of the 1900 busy season. The mid- 
dle of June will see but little doing in 
the average factory. Manufacturers 
have tried to gauge the demand and 
claim that the number of bicycles car- 
ried over this season will be compara- 
tively small. 



Omaha bicycle dealers declare that 
those people who believe that interest 
and enthusiasm in cycling are on the 
wane are laboring under a misapprehen- 
sion. They cite, in proof of their state- 
ments, that the "fever" or "craze," or 
whatever one may term it, is as active 
as ever — in fact, that the demand for bi- 
cycles this season is far greater than 
ever before. 

In Omaha the fad has broken out 
afresh this season. The contagion is gen- 
eral, and no one appears to be exempt. 
The bank president brushes elbows with 
the day laborer as they meet in the 
wheeling establishments in quest of a 
new mount, or while getting last year's 
machine renovated for the coming sea- 
son. 

Spring Weather Discouraging. 

Early in the spring the outlook was 
rather discouraging. March 1 is gener- 
ally accepted as the opening of the bicy- 
cle season, but the weather in Omaha at 
that time was anything but propitious 
for cycling. April failed to improve the 
conditions materially, for rainy days 
were not conducive to the purchasing of 
new bicycles. May 1, however, ushered 
in a change, and the new season was in- 
augurated. 

As an indication of the interest al- 
ready in bicycling in Omaha the,, mana- 
ger of one cycle company reports the 
sale of 141 machines during the month 
of April. 

"Friday," said he, "we rented more 
bicycles than we did on any day during 
the entire season last year. Bicycle men 
are more than pleased with the pros- 
pects. Wheeling has certainly lost none of 
its popularity and continues to be recog- 
nized as the most enjoyable, exhilarat- 
ing and healthful outdoor sport that 
there is. 

"Chainless wheels are not going to be 
used to any great extent, owing to the 
fact that they are still high, $75 being 
the standard price for a chainless 
model." 

No Counter Attraction This 'Y'«ar. 

"I believe bicycling in Omaha will be 
more generally enjoyed this season than 
ever before," said another dealer. "Last 
year and the year before the expositions 
interfered with bicycling, owing to the 
attractiveness of features which took 
many people ' to the exposition to spend 
their evenings who would otherwise have 
been taking a ride. 

"The prices this year will do much to 
increase the sales of bicycles. It is very 
rare now for a purchaser to protest 
against the price of standard machines. 
If they make any comment at all they 
express surprise that the prices have de- 
creased so during the last few years." 

Active Demand for Women's Models. 

"I have noticed this season a more 
active demand for women's machines 
than ever before," observed another re- 
tailer. "As long as the women retain 
an interest in anything you may depend 
upon it that its popularity is undenia- 
ble." 

"Our business this year has exceeded 
that of any previous season at this time," 
said the manager of another company. 
"New riders are constantly appearing 
and former wheelmen who left their 
mounts untouched last year have suc- 
cumbed to the fever once more. Since 
February 1 we have sold 150 of our best 
make, and the season can only be con- 
sidered fairly started." 



58 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 




.•'==^!^.:^-'^^:^:^:^:^:^i^i^i:^;^:^^^^^^^ 



My Manson 
Bicycled 

WAS NOT MADE BY A TRUST. 

It is handsome, strong, of reasonable weight 
and never gives trouble. The Manson guarantee 
is the only one of its kind. 

The price is right. Don't help pay interest 
on excessive capital. Manson energy took the 
place of money and you are not required to pay 
a dividend on that. 




Samples, sent to dealers, cost 

them nothing for examination. 



If Defective Parts Are Found In 

rx^NS ON BICYCLE 

WeWillReplace Free And PayAll Express Charges 
MANSON CYCLE CO: -?:HicV^o; 



MANSON CYCLE CO. 



MANSON SQUARE, CHICAGO 










WHEN SIGNBOARDS LIE 



The Veeder Cyclometer 
Will Correct Them 
For You. 




ACTUAL SIZE. 

REGULAR CYCLOMETER 

Price, $1.00. 

10,000 miles and repeat. Dust-proof, 
water-proof, positive action. Parts 
cannot become disarranged. Cannot 
register falsely unless actually broken. 
No springs. No delicate parts. Made 
for 24, 26, 28 and 30-lnch wheels. 







- -S 




ACTUAL SIZE. 

"TRIP" CYCLOMETER 

Price, $1.60. 

The small indicator can be set back to 
zero, like a stem setting watch, after 
each trip, without affecting grand 
total on tne large register. Same posi- 
tive action as the other famous model. 
Made for 24, 26, 28 and 80-inch wheels. 



Catalogue 
Free 



THE VEEDER MFG. CO., Hartford, Conn. 



Chicago Jobbers can secure immediate deliveries from our Chicago Depot, 
T. H. Cranston & Co., 60 Wabash Ave. 



HAKERS OF CYCLOMETERS, ODOMETERS and COUNTING MACHINES. 

European Agents, MARKT & CO., LiM.. London, Paris, Hamburg. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



59 



TteQf€L[EA( 



Entsrad at Chlcaeo Post Office as Ssoond-Class Matter 

Published every Thursday at 324 Dearborn St.. Chicago. 
Eastern Offices. American Tract Soc'y Bldg., New York. 

Subscription price in the United States. Canada and 
Mexico. $2 per year; in foreign countries. $6 per year 

All remittances should be made to Thk Cyclb Age 
Company. 

Since the publication 
BICYCLES of his report on bi- 

IN cycles in Hong Kong, 

HONG KONG printed in Cycle Age 
last summer, Consul- 
General Rounsevelle Wildman has been 
deluged with letters from bicycle 
firms, claiming that they can sup- 
ply a high grade machine at a price 
which will suit this market. One 
firm sent a consignment to a member of 
the consular force, asking him to turn 
them over to some firm to test the mar- 
ket. The sixteen machines were laid 
down in Hong Kong, including freight 
and charges, at $57 Mexican (about $26 
gold) each. They were placed on exhibit 
with one of the leading firms, and were 
thoroughly inspected and tried by all 
classes of buyers. The manufacturer un- 
fortunately did not care to place his own 
nameplate on the machines, which cast 
suspicion upon the lot at once and de- 
stroyed the main fact that it was desired 
to bring forward— that they were Ameri- 
can goods. Being without parentage, 
their sale could not aid an introduction 
of future consignments. It would not 
have been necessary for the firm to have 
placed its own name on the machines; 
any name would have done, as long as 
they were good bicycles and the legend 
"made in America" appeared. 

The main fault found with them right 
away was that the handle bar was so low 
that the rider had to lean forward. Cy- 
clists in that clynate are not scorchers, 
and like a high handlebar and a comfort- 
able seat. The tool bags were not suffi- 
ciently complete; and, as it is difficult to 
obtain supplies there, this item was of 
more importance than it would have been 
had the buyers been nearer the factory. 
Another defect in a number of the ma- 
chines was that the tires were found 
punctured in places, owing to imperfect 
finish of their terminals. Some of the 
tires.^too, had a series of minute air holes, 
pronounced by experts to be due to flaws 
in manufacture. These tires admitted of 
being pumped up, but quickly went down. 
Three of the machines were finally sold 
at $90 Mexican ($42.57) each, and the bal- 
ance were turned over to an auction firm 
and netted $60 Mexican ($28.38) each; so 
it will be seen that the only thing that 
was realized from their sale at that end 
was — experience. 

It will be some years before the Manila 
market will consume many machines, as 
the country is practically destitute of 
reads. So far, however, nearly all the 
machines in use there have been pur- 



chased in Hong Kong. Bicycle firms 
might correspond with the following 
Hong Kong firms: Kruse & Co., William 
Schmidt & Co., the Dragon Cycle Co. and 
F. A. Blake & Son. However, nearly all 
firms in Hong Kong keep a few bicycles 
in stock. 

There is only one class of commercial 
traveler that can command the confidence 
of the big firms in Hong Kong, and that 
is a gentleman who can associate with 
gentlemen on equal terms, and who is 
either a member of the firm he represents 
or has letters to the leading banks there 
that will guarantee any statements he 
may make. 

The bicycle repair shop 
REPAIRERS is an institution which 

SHOULD DRESS is and must be patron- 
NEATLY '^®*^ ^y ladies as Veil 

as by men. Yet there 
are many shops, far too many, whose in- 
teriors do not present a very inviting ap- 
pearance to women customers. How often 
are noted shops littered with half-fin- 
ished work, walls covered with frames, 
parts and "junk," fioors deep with a 
week's or a month's gatherings of dirt 
and rubbish. 

Such shops doubtless lose trade in fa- 
vor of neater shops. 

Such shops are inexcusable, especially 
if unprovided with front business rooms. 
Yet the dirty shop of itself is not the 
only point concerning which many re- 
pairers are justly open to criticism. The 
personal appearance of a repair man 
may overbalance the evil of a necessar- 
ily crowded and ill looking shop or it 
may, on the other hand, offset the vir- 
tue of the neatest establishment. 

Every bicycle repairer, whether work- 
ing in a small and crowded one-room 
shop or in a more pretentious establish- 
ment with front room, should consider 
his own appearance just as important 
as that of his shop. 

To say that a repairer should be neat 
in dress does not mean that he must pre- 
sent the appearance of a department 
store dude. His hands may be black. 
People recognize this as the sign of 
labor. He may wear an apron. Cus- 
tomers credit him with being a me- 
chanic as well as a business man. In 
fact, it is well that he should show signs 
of being actively engaged in the work of 
his shop that he may stimulate confi- 
dence concerning the class of work ac- 
complished for patrons. 

But it is entirely unnecessary and out 
of keeping with good business principles 
to stalk around a shop trousered in a 
pair of dilapidated knickerbockers with 
one leg hitched up three or four inches 
higher than the other; stockinged in 
worn and greasy hose that were once 
a gaudy green, and shirted in a stretched, 
ill fitting maroon sweater which has lost 
its maroonness because of two years of 
constant wear without washing. Such a 
combination of clothes played as trump 
with a handful of loafers will win out 
every time— against lady patronage. 

"Keep your shop clean" is old advice 
to repairers. "Keep your clothes neat" 



should be a story repeated so often that 
none will dare lay himself open to the 
danger of having it told him. 
* ♦ * 
The riding of 38 miles 1,255 yards in 
the hour by Edouard Taylor at Paris in 
the 100-kilometer race on April 29 goes 
far toward confirming the predictions 
that have been made that with the aid 
of motor tricycle pacing the bicyclist 
will before the end of the present racing 
season have covered forty miles in 
sixty minutes. If in one month of a new 
season more than two miles can be 
added to the best hour figures made in 
the fall of the previous season it is not 
at all unreasonable to expect that a 
mile and a quarter more can be crowded 
into the hour during the remainder of 
the new season. Throughout the 100 
kilometers of the race the leaders, Tay- 
lor and then Bouhours, were continu- 
ously reeling off the kilometers at the 
rate of less than one to the minute, a 
performance never before accomplished 
in the history of cycling and one to 
which Frenchmen have long been look- 
ing forward with keen anticipation. Its 
final accomplishment has brought up 
reminiscences of some of the old time 
racing enthusiasts, who can recall the 
time only about fifteen years ago when 
in a "great international race," Civry, 
Dubois, Terront, or Duncan rode thirty 
kilometers (about 18 miles 1,080 yards) 
in the hour and the time keepers held 
their breaths and gazed in awe at ^ttie 
marvelous performance! ^ 

* * * 

The cycle mounted policemen of Paris 
are developing a new form of sport, 
which is nothing less than regulating the 
speed of motor vehicles. The myrmi- 
dons go in pairs and when an automo- 
bile passes going at greater speed than 
the law allows or the officers think com- 
patible with safety, they call out to the 
motorist to stop. Then the fun begins, 
for as a rule the latter prefers to go fas- 
ter rather than to obey. The police take 
after him on their bicycles, and although 
at a disadvantage in the matter of speed 
usually come out ahead, as the finish is 
brought on prematurely by the exigen- 
cies of traffic, when the driver has to 
slacken his speed and the bicyclists win 

in a fluke. 

* * * 

Much has been said concerning the de- 
sirability and eventual necessity of the 
universal adoption of standards by bi- 
cycle manufacturers. The point is now 
generally granted. What the trade 
needs is someone or something able to 
meet the question: "How can a standard- 
ization of dimensions be brought about 
quickly and without undue expense?" 

* « • 

"Blest be the tie that binds" quoted the 
agent as he signed the contract and pre- 
pared to boom the sale of bicycles. 

The following month he was notified by 
the Ashamed-of-its-name Bicycle Co., 
that he had better take his chances on 
another brand if he cared to stay in the 
cycle business. 



60 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



TELL OF ADVERTISING SCHEMES 



Dealers Write of Various Ways to Keep Goods Before Public- 
News Items and Trust Sentiment 



H. E. Sidels, Lincoln, Neb.— "This city is 
the home of the great anti-trust leader, W. 
J. Bryan, and seems to be a popular field 
for anti-trust bicycles. The machines pushed 
are the World, Halliday, Aetna, Orient, Na- 
tional, Manson, Iver Johnson, Wolff-Ameri- 
can, Fowler, Racycle, Andrae, Lozier-King, 
Thomas, Olive, Record, Acme, League, 
Keating, Simmons and Whitman. The trust 
machines pushed are the Rambler and Cres- 
cent, but there are agencies for the Trib- 
une, the three Syracuse machines. Sterling, 
Columbia, Imperial, Cleveland, Monarch and 
Featherstone. All of the agents are well 
pleased with the business i-o far this year." 

Bicycle Raffle Advertising Scheme. 

Crescent Cycle Co., Wakefield, R. I.— "We 
have adopted an advertising scheme that 
works nicely and that other dealers should 
try. Enclosed you will find a circular which 
tells all about it. A week ago we put twenty 
lines of local notices In our home paper 
as follows: 

"We are going to give it away. The Cres- 
cent Cycle Co., opposite Wakefield Depot.' " 
"This we inserted upside down and various 
other ways to attract notice. This week we 
inserted an advertisement like the one on 
the circular and distributed a large number 
of the circulars on the street. 

"Last year we gave away a Crescent and 
it gained a great many new customers wnom 
by fair dealing we have retained. When the 
wheel was given away we had a brass band 
in attendance and altogether made a big 
hit. This is not expensive advertising, as 
one might think, and every ticket that goes 
out serves as an advertisement. We should 
like to hear from any other dealer who 
has tried this plan, as to whether he con- 
siders it a good scheme or not." 

The circular referred to announces that on 
Wednesday, August 1, the company will 
give away an Iver Johnson bicycle, and that 
commencing Tuesday, May 1, a coupon will 
be given to every customer purchasing goods 
at the store to the amount of twenty-five 
cents or more. The coupons are numbered 
consecutively, but the circular does not 
state the method by which the fortunate 
customer is determined. 

Great Sales in Northwest. 
Fred T. Merrill Cycle Co., Portland, Me.: 
"We are still pushing away in our own pe- 
culiar style, and, of course, are doing the 
bulk of the business, although everyone 
seems to be doing well. It looks like a pros- 
perous year in this country and from 20,01)0 
to 30,000 machines will be sold in Oregon, 
Washington and Idaho. Or these, we shall 
sell fully one-third. This is not an exagge- 
ration, but is based upon our daily sales, 
machines shipped into this territory for 
other people, and last year's business. 

"We consider your paper the best in the 
cycle trade and read it with interest each 
week. We want it as long as we are in the 
cycle trade." 

Trade's Worst Enemies. 
A. H. Griswold, Rocky Ford, Colo.— "I sell 
Crescents, Sterlings, Snells and Columbias, 
and consider that the truest is doing good 
work. The mail order houses are the trade's 
worst enemies. Two years ago I assembled 
machines, but do not believe that it pays at 
this time. I do general repair work on bi- 
cycles, guns, sewing machines, etc., and am 
of opinion that repairmen should combine to 
regulate prices of repairs, sundries and ac- 
cessories. I disposed of forty new machines 
last year and expect to double the number 
this season." 

Makers Should Bear Express Charges. 
Herring Bros., Mansfield, O. — "A new house 
in the trade is the Wagner Hardware Co. 
We handle the Eagle, Thomas, Yale, Gen- 
dron, Crosby and Featherstone, and do the 
best part of the business. We are also 
equipped to do everything in the line of 
repairing. 

"We are of opinion that manufacturers 
should stand express charges on defective 



parts, and hereafter a clause to that effect 
will be inserted in all of the contracts we 
make. As matters now stand, the expense 
generally falls on the dealer. The trust does 
not seem to have made any difference with 
us. 

"We recently entered an order for a five- 
horsepower automobile. Believing there is 
money in them, w-e have accepted an agency 
for the Winner. Until this season we as- 
sembled from fifteen to twenty-five machines 
a year and think it paid us. We also ex- 
perimented on a motor tricycle last year 
and have it about completed. We believe 
they are a coming vehicle. 

"Our opinion on the subject of tube sizes 
is that those manufacturers who returned to 
one-inch will not be in It. Why go back- 
ward instead of forward? We have no re- 
pairmen's association here, but are of the 
opinion that such an institution is desirable. 
The popular price of machines in this vicin- 
ity is ?35." 

Trust Refuses Proper Territory. 

L. E. Stair, Mitchell. S. D.— Mr. Stair is 
pushing the Andrae, although he handles, 
also, six trust machines. Last year he 
pushed the Crescent vigorously, but has 
since discontinued that policy, complaining 
that the trust will not give proper territory. 
He disposed of 100 machines last year, but 
considers that his repair department is of 
greater value to him than his sales. He also 
assembles machines and finds it profitable. 
Mr. Stair is in favor of li.g-inch tubing. As 
a sideline he handles photographic goods. 

A Popular Advertising Scheme. 

John F. Donohue, Providence, R. I.— "I 
mail samples of my most popular advertis- 
ing. 'Wheeling Trips,' which I introduced 
about three years ago, is the best paying 
thing I have used so far, and many other 
dealers are using them this year. 

"The discount circular which I used this 
spring was fashioned after one which was 
published in the Cycle Age, and gave good 
results, as my shop was full of work during 
the bad weather. I am not assembling this 
year." 

"Wheeling Trips" referred to is a small 
folded card bearing on the outside the title 
and advertisement of Mr. Donohue. Inside 
is a list of the towns in the neighborhood of 
Providence and the distances between them. 
A reproduction of the card will be found on 
this page. 

Another circular offers a reduction of iO 
per cent on all repair work between Feb- 
ruary 1 and March 15 and attached to it Is 



an order blank for use by prospective cus- 
tomers. 

John T. Shannon Co., Baltimore, Md.— 
"A great many dealers here have dropped 
trust machines for independents. We handle 
the latter exclusively — the Manson, Snell and 
one which we bulM ourselves and find profit- 
able. Last year we sold 250 machines; this 
year we expect to beat that record. 

"Our repair department is an important 
part of our business and, as we get good 
prices, pays our annual expenses. But we 
do electric light and power constructing as 
a side issue and find It pays well. 

"In our opinion It Is advisable for the fac- 
tories to make prominent changes, as they 
stimulate owners of old machines to buy 
new ones. The medium and high grade 
machines are popular here." 

Succeeded by Uagee & Bro. 

W. G. Watz Co., El Paso. Tex.— "We have 
sold our business today, (May 10). There is 
not enough money in the business for the 
trouble. Our successors are Magee & Bro. 
We handled the Columbia and Crescent." 

Ottawa Cycle Co., Ottawa, 111.— "We have 
no trust machines in our store. We handle 
the Eldredge, Sherman and Andrae and 
make a machine which we call the Eme- 
rald." 

Good and Cheap Advertising Scheme. 

Pritchard & Powers, Memphis, Tenn. — 
"Some 'son of a gun' stole our Cycle Age 
last week, so we w^ere doubly anxious to re- 
ceive it this week. Mr. Pritchard came In 
four times during the week to ask if I had 
found it. He doesn't stay here— has other 
business— but reads the Cycle Age regularly. 

"We sold eighty-three bicycles up to the 
present time last season. This year we have 
sold 132. This is a good increase, consider- 
ing the fact that we require larger first pay- 
ments this year than last. 

"We sell any standard make that we can 
buy to the best advantage for cash, and do 
not tie to any special make. We have now 
stock. Orient, Patee, Iver Johnson, Feath- 
erstone and March Davis cycles. 

"We have made arrangements with quite 
a number of messenger boys to carry a sign 
In their bicj'cle frames advertising our busi- 
ness. We get tin signs painted in two col- 
ors, ten words on each side, no two alike, 
for fifty cents each. The. boys are glad to 
carry the signs in exchange for small re- 
pairs. We think this is the best advertising 
we could get for the same outlay. We be- 
lieve in newspaper advertising to a limited 
extent all the time." 

Forced to Close Out. 

Lufkin Cycle Co., Lufkin, Texas.— "This 
advises our friends and the trade generally 
that, owing vo a series of losses in various 
sources from which we expected gains, we 
are forced to close our business. No credi- 
tor, however, will lose by such a course." 

A. B. Seavey, Saco, Me* — "I have been a 
subscriber to the Cycle Age for some time 
and enjoy the" contents very much. It is a 
very welcome weekly." 



When you have a break, cii; ««• ^ ciH 
»»«?*•*»*»*»*» No matter where. 



Go right to DONOHUE ^ <«<« ^ «« 
*»*»«^UP*'*» *»*» FOR REPAIR. 



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8-5 


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13-2 


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117 


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197 


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12-4 


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137 


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14-^2 


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11-1 


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15-1 


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12-0 


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15-7 


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33 


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9-6 


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Left band liguie.-- desisnate miles. Rijibt l.an.l. eights sweet tl.e Printer, ll)-2 Gordon Avii, Provi,lenoe, R. I. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



6] 



Patee 6rest Tanderr) 





The Patee Crest Tandem has always 
'* been recognized by racing men as a 
most superior machine for pacing and 
track use. It is light, strong and rigid, 
and a wonderful speed machine. 

Hundreds of them are in constant 
use by club men for both road and track 
work and they give universal satisfac- 
tion. 
Made in Double Diamond and Drop Front; single and double steer. Will carry any weight rider safely over all kinds of roads. Cannot 
be sprung out of line. 



PATEE CREST, MODEL B, $25.00 iU^^rc%f&f^^« 

lars In America. Dealers who get our agency are wise. Write for catalogue and prices 



BAKER & HAMILTON 

EXCLUSIVE AGENTS PACIFIC COAST STATES 

San Francisco, Cat. 



Paitce Bicycle (ooropZityy 

111 to 115 A\ain 5t., Peoria, in. 



r 



Before Ordering Your New Tires for 



See What They Say About the 



1900 

MIL\A/AUKEE TIRES 



Hi 



Pneumatic 



Resilient 




Single Tube 



PRINT REGISTERED 1899, MILWAUKEE PATENT PUNCTURE-PROOF TIRE CO. 

PRESENTING NEW TESTIMONIALS EACH WEEK. 



Easy Riding 



Bremer's Cycle Mfg. Co. 
Manufacturers of Bicycles and Bicycle Materials 

Milwaukee, Wis., Oct. 26, 1899. 
Milwaukee Patent Puncture-Proof Tire Co., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Gentlemen :— We have sold to the larger part of the dealers your Mil- 
waukee Patent Puncture-Proof Tires the pasl season to the universal satis- 
faction of all concerned, and secondly, you may feel Justitied in the use of 
our name as to the recommendation of your tires. Yours truly, 

BRE.\iER CYCLE MFG. CO. 

W. A. Bremer, Mgr. 



Parwell, Ozmun, Kirk & Co. 
Wholesale Hardware 

Sr. Paul, Minn., Oct. 26, 1899 
Milwaukee Patent Puncture-Proof Tire Co., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Gentlemen :— We are pleased to advise that your Milwaukee Patent 
Puncture-Proof Tires have given entire fatlsfaclion to our trade, and we 
have no doubt that our sales on them for 1900 will be much larger than was 
the ca«e during the past season. Wo will be glad to have you mail us a set 
of electrotypes for catalogue use. Yours truly, 

FARWELL. OZMUN, KIRK & CO. 
A. J. Holmes, Mgr. Bicycle Dept. 



Representatives Wanted. 



Write for Prices and Other information. 



\h 



MILWAUKEE PATENT PUNCTURE-PROOF TIRE CO . MILWAUKEE. WIS. U.S.A. 



I 

J 



62 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



REVELATIONS BY THE DEALERS 



ORDERS BEING DISCOURAGED 



How One Sales Department Treats Custom- 
ers of Hated Former Rival Concern. 



A correspondent of the Cycle Age has 
just learned, through a friend whom he 
classes as thoroughly trustworthy, of an 
incident which throws some light on 
the methods of one hranch of the trust 
and will add to the helief that some of 
the present machines will be dropped. It 
is no secret that people about the Stearns 
plant have long detested the Barnes and 
that the feeling was not changed by the 
consolidation. 

An eastern man has been a long-time 
rider of the Barnes. This year he felt 
that, in order to keep up with the times, 
he must have a chainless. He looked 
them all over and, whether as a result of 
prejudice or owing to the fact that the 
machine merited the choice, he selected 
the Barnes chainless. That was two 
months seven weeks, to be exact, ago. 

The local Barnes people sent the order 
to Syracuse, and told the buyer the ma- 
chine would be on hand in less than a 
week. It wasn't. It wasn't there at the 
end of two weeks, or three, or four. 
Meanwhile our Barnes-rider friend was 
rapidly becoming hotter and hotter. The 
Barnes agent explained the delay by say- 
ing that the white machines (this chain- 
less is black, by the way) were shipped 
through the Stearns agency in Syracuse, 
and that the latter does everything in its 
power to delay shipments of anything 
that's not yellow. It was not until a 
very strong letter had been written that 
th^ chainless, dt the end of thirty-two 
days, was finally delivered. 

The Barnes agent asserted that there 
is a systematic delay by the Stearns peo- 
ple in the delivery of machines or parts 
that do not bear the Stearns name-plates 
or belong to their outfit, and that this 
delay is a part of a scheme whereby they 
hope to disgust those who order Barnes 
or Syracuse bicycles. 



LOSING COAST BUSINESS 



Arbitrary Action is Suicidal— Portland Dealer 
Believes Pacific Slope Factory Feasible. 



Some years ago Jos. L. Yost made a 
trip to the Pacific coast partly for rest, 
but partly for the purpose of ascertaining 
whether it would be desirable to establisi; 
a bicycle factory in that part of the coun- 
try. He interviewed prominent business 
men in Portland and other cities and met 
with considerable encouragement, but on 
his return east determined to continue in 
business in Toledo. 

A. J. Winters, who is connected with 
Honeyman, De Hart & Co., dealers in 
hardware and sporting goods, advises the 
Cycle Age that he is satisfied that a fac- 
tory could now be made a success. 

"There is a splendid opening," he says, 
"in Portland, or some other Pacific coast 
point, for a factory with a capacity of 
from 5,000 to 10,000 machines a year, or 
even 15,000, and the output could be dis 
posed of very nicely. Bicycles are sold 
on the coast about nine months in the 
year, and a factory could run all the year 
round. 

"Material could be procured at as low 
a figure by any manufacturer desiring to 
make bicycles here as by those in the 
east, and he would save about a dollar 
per machine in the way of freight rates, 
as the material in 'knock-down' form 
would come much cheaper. The minimum 
rate on bicycles, crated, from the middle 



west points is four dollars per hundred 
pounds. 

"We have had a great many calls for 
machines from the Japan trade, and there 
will doubtless be an increased demand for 
machines to be shipped to the Hawaiian 
and Philippine islands. The Japanese, 
particularly, have taken to the bicycle, 
and their demands are increasing every 
year." 

Mr. Winters believes that the prospects 
for trust goods are not bright. He writes: 

"While the house with which I am con- 
nected is handling one of the standard 
machines made by the trust, I cannot say 
that the business is entirely satisfactory. 
There is a very strong antipathy towards 
machines manufactured by the A. B. C. 
and I believe the independent makers will 
eventually crowd out trust machines, pro- 
vided, of course, the trust hangs together, 
which I very much doubt. 

"The trust is losing business on the 
coast through its peculiar methods of do- 
ing business, and should it persist in 
some of the arbitrary methods it has 
adopted its business will continue to de- 
crease." 

NOW SELLS INDEPENDENTS 



ACKNOWLEDGES INDIFFERENCE 



Trust Declines to Concern Itself With the 
Troubles of Its Agent. 



Oneida Community Wearied of Waiting for 
A. B. C. Shipments— Prefers New Goods. 



Another complaint comes to hand from 
the Oneida Community, Ltd., of Ken- 
wood, N. Y. "We began the season," 
they say, "with a line of A. B. C. ma- 
chines, furnished by the Stearns sales de- 
partment. After sending a nice batch of 
orders, and waiting a month for them to 
be filled, we began to grow impatient and, 
after telegraphing them at their expense 
received a letter saying that they had 
decided to cancel our contract and pre- 
ferred not to ship the machines, as they 
were informed we were offering cash dis- 
counts. 

"We insisted upon their shipping the 
orders which were on their books, and 
they sent us down a few 'culls.' Six 
weeks have now passed, and the orders 
have not all been filled yet. 

"We now sell Eagles, and get them the 
same week they are ordered. We think 
they are better machines for less money, 
and it is not necessary for the dealer to 
go around with a ring through his nose. 

"Oneida has over twenty-five cycle 
agents, few of whom will sell A. B. C. 
machines next year." 



Canada Blessed With Two Trtists. 

Canada is blessed with two bicycle 
trusts, but they have not yet succeeded 
in monopolizing the entire field. 

Jas. Lockrie, who manufactures the An- 
telope bicycle at Toronto, is one of their 
competitors. In a letter to the Cycle Age 
Mr. Lockrie says: 

"We are the only large concern outside 
of the trusts and our output for this year 
will be 2,500 machines. We expect to dis- 
pose of our output by the middle of June. 
We manufacture one grade only, which 
retails at $50, and allow the trusts to 
make the cheap machines. We find no 
diflBculty in securing agents for our line. 
The Antelope is the only union-labor- 
made bicycle in Canada, which is a 
strong point, all of the labor organiza 
tions being opposed to trusts. 

"We note with interest the stand you 
have taken in connection with trusts, and 
your remarks, as far as we can judge, are 
correct." 

Do you need bicycle catalogues? Write 
to the Cycle Age Co. for any you want. 



In a recent issue John S. Newberry 
of Romeo, Mich., told of his treatment 
by the trust and especially of having 
been deprived of the Tribune agency 
which he had long held. Mr. Newberry 
managed to secure possession of a few 
Tribunes and offered them at a reduced 
price. In a letter dated May 9 he says: 

"Here is a new one which shows very 
plainly the policy of the A. B. C. and how 
much protection they are trying to give 
their agents. When their agents here 
found I could get 1900 Tribunes, they 
wrote the Featherstone sales department 
and informed them of the fact. The de- 
partment replied that it did not make 
much difference — if they (the agents) 
could sell the wheels I could, and they 
would get the benefit anyway. This is 
the way one of the clerks of the store 
explains the situation: 

Any sort of treatment so long as we 
dispose of the goods seems to be the 
motto. 

"The fact is, I have three 1900 Tribunes 
on the floor marked at cost and have not 
sold one. I have been successful in 
changing buyers to other lines. The reg- 
ular authorized agents have sold one 
Tribune, Model 50, for $30, or about cost. 
I don't think the A. B. C. will get rich on 
the increase of business in Romeo." 



THE PREVAILING SENTIMENT 



Antagonism Generally Entertained But 
Dealers Are Biding Their Time. 



An enterprising dealer has been mak- 
ing good use of his time during the win- 
ter months by touring through several 
states in an automobile, calling on other 
dealers with whom he does business. 
"The main topic among them," he says, 
was the trust, and the prevailing senti- 
ment seemed to be that they would push 
the independent machines. These, the 
dealers think, would offer them protec- 
tion and would be handled with less red 
tape while if they pushed trust goods 
one year they would be likely to lose 
the agency the next, if the great 'I am' 
saw fit to make a change. As the sea- 
son advanced various dealers informed 
me that the trust was too independent 
and that they refused in some instances 
to ship wheels minus tires or to ship 
them with certain tires which were in 
demand in these sections. They would 
only furnish tires that they saw fit to 
push, or, as others would have it, tires 
made by the 'vice great I am.' The ma- 
jority of dealers seem to feel antago- 
nistic toward the trust but find it ad- 
visable to keep quiet and bide their time, 
hence employes of the trust cannot find 
out how dealers are feeling toward 
them." 

Letters patent have been granted G. T. 
Travis of Orange, N. J., for a combined 
reservoir and pump in which to keep 
anti-leak fluid and from which to inject 
the fluid directly into tires. The device 
is simple, and, in saving the annoyance 
and bother of filling ordinary pumps with 
this sort of liquid preparatory to inject- 
ing it into a tire, should prove a very 
convenient appliance for cycle repairers. 
Its construction is simple and allows eco- 
nomical manufacture. It is probably 
the first invention of the kind recorded 
in the patent office. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



63 



lliiiililii 



^^w^....^,^.^..^..-.^..^... -,^ .. 



You are in immediate proximity to 
the real thing now : 



THE WOLFF-AHERICAN 

SUNRISE ROAD RACER 



is the newest candidate, and election seems likely to be unanimous. 



$40 



— That's one reason. 



This latest product is a special wheel, built light and rigid, and 
the equal in every point of any |50 racer sold anywhere. 

SPECIFICATIONS: Weight, 22^^ pounds; frame, 22 inch; 
Shelby seamless tubing throughout; black, with brilliant 
red decoration at the he4.d; Wolflf-Goodrlch IJ^ tires; internal 
expanders and a Wolfl- American guarantee Options of 20 
and 24 Inch frames, Wolfif-Goodrich 1}4 and 1% tires. 

Here is something bright and new for the middle of the season. 

R. H. WOLFF & CO., Ltd., 116-117-1 18th Streets and Harlem River, New York 



AINDRAE CYCLES NEVER DISAPPOINT 



AT ONCE 



Prompt service is part of what we are offering our 
agents now. 

We commence to fill yonr order the minute it is re- 
ceived. 

Don't you see the value of this? Haven't you lost any 
sales because you couldn't get wheels quick enough? 

ANDRAE 

CYCLES 

will henceforth be shipped promptly. If yon haven't the 
models in stock your customers want you can promise them 
in the time it takes to ship them to you and fulfill your 
promise, too. 

That means a great deal to people who are buying 
wheels now. 

Write us about selling Andraes. 

JULIUS ANDRAE & SONS CO. 

MILWAUKEE, WIS. 

Geo. F. Kehew & Co., New England Distributers, Boston, Mass. 




The Pullman Cars 
of Cycling... 

You know what that means 
— bicycle luxury, automatic 
ankle motion, no pedal vi- 
bration, no "dead center," 
cycling- made 25 per cent 
easier. You g^et all this 
when you buy = 

RamseySwingingPedals 

Then if you are not satisfied you also get 
your money back. 

Pedals, 13.00. Toe Clips, 50 cents. Fit any bicycle. Cata- 
logue for the asking. Specify them on your new wheel. 




They 
Help You 
CLIMB HILLS. 



Ramsey Swinging Pedal Co. 

704 N. BROAD STREET 

PHILADELPHIA, PA. 



Avoid Cheap Iiuitatious. Get The Genuine. 



64 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



SEEKING AN EXPORT TRADE ._,, usually adopted by the inexperienced 
ijHjj American exporter, who imagines that 

TACTirt; RifoTiiREDiNOERMANVAKn'W^^'''^^'^ retailers or small wholesalers 
TACTICS REQUIRED IN GERMANY AND /||_ ^jji ^^^^^, j^jg g^^^j^ ^^ ^^.^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ 

OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES .;!:ty f. o. b. New York, and import them by 
'- •'■,0-^: small lots to Germany at their own ex- 
Three Methods of Introducing: Goods— j/ pense and trouble — is illusory and may 
Branch Houses Most Successful- SlgQ ' ^l^^.^^ ^^11 ^^ abandoned at the outset. 

Safe I,ong Credit System. j;,j:|y:j Returning to the three methods above in- 

U'!Jt{, (licated, the choice of any of them will de- 

"'''iPend upon various circumstauces: the nature 

The American exporter who seeks to Jffl of the merchandise itself, whether a novelty 

form connections in Germany should de-£'M;lor goods of standard utility and acceptance, 

'sHj whether it Is likely to appeal to a large 
I or only a small class of consumers, whether 
Jit is patented or not, and whether it can 
j be best imported there in a complete and 
finished state or "knocked down" and re- 
quiring to be set up and finished after ar- 
rival. 

The great successes have been made by 
exporters like the Singer Sewing Machine 
<'o., the makers of cash regis;erK, typewrit- 
ers, graphophones and phonographs, and 
jl certain bicycle firms which have established 
'^*in European countries their own branch 
houses and conducted their trade there by 
liractically the same methods as at home, 
•j Others have succeeded— and this is particu- 
larly true of machinery and patented arti- 
cles—by giving their trade exclusively to 
large, well known, and responsible foreign 
Sj importing firms, which sell to the jobbing 
and retail trade by traveling salesmen and 
sample and who have trade connections al- 
ready established throughout the country 
in which they are located. 

Good Faith Essential. 



cide in his own mind whether he really 
wants an export trade to Germany and is 
willing to undergo the expense and effort | 
of obtaining it and maintaining it when 
acquired, even in face of good prices 
and an active market at home. If he 
wants it only as a temporary dumping 
place for shopworn or surplus stock dur- 
ing a period of dull home markets, the 
experiment would better be left untried, 
writes Consul General Frank H. Mason 
from Berlin, who gives some good advice 
to exporters as follows, which is applica- 
ble to many other countries besides Ger-|f| 
many. 

The reputation of American bicycles in 
Germany, which was built up to the high- 
est standard by a few first-class makers, 
was ruined by the cheap, low-grade ma-pij, 
chines gathered from bankrupt stocks inli?^-'" 
the United States and exported by brokers '/ 
who never expected to place another or- |i 

11 



der in Germany. 

Competition is Sharp 

The first point having been settled, it 



When this plan is adopted, it is important 

that there should be between exporter and 

importer absolute faith and fidelity to agree- 

must be realized that Germany is in thelilli!"®"t^- ^^^^" American exporter contracts 

is manufactured and competition is ac- mM 
five and sharp. American exports of man- Sh^ 
ufactures have hitherto gone largely toip. 
countries which, like Central and South K,|l 
America, Australia and China, have no' 



important home industry, cr to Great 
Britain, where there is little or no import 
duty, the English language is spoken, 
and the trade, if possible at all, is com- 
paratively easy for Americans. 'The tac- 
tics learned in such trade will not answer 
in Germany, where wholly different con- 
ditions exist and where rivals are already 
in the field who know and will cater to 
the special ideas and requirements of the«. 
consumers. ]i 

Seller Seeks the Buyer. 

Secondly, the would-be exporter must 
remember that it is the seller, not theS 
buyer, who has to make the effort. Ev 



by that compact. Violations of such con- 
tracts have been not infrequent and have in- 
jured to some extent the reputation of our 
merchants. 

On the other hand, there have been cases 
wherein German importers have obtained 
the exclusive control of an American arti- 
cle and used it for no other purpose than to 
keep the article out of other hands while 
they supplied the market with a similar ar- 
ticle of home or other manufacture. 

Contracts of this kind should therefore 
be made with great discretion and only after 
I a capable partner or agent of the American 
ifirm has visited this country, studied the 
jS market and all competing goods of the same 
iJI class, and satisfied himself as to the charac- 
ter and responsibility of the German im- 
porter and the probable requirements of 
the ■ market. Having satisfied himself on 
these points, the American exporter owes 
to his German agent good faith, prompt 
and energetic co-operation, and the fullest, 
most explicit informatSoni concerning the 



ery mail brings to our consulates in Ger-pfi>| nature, weight, dimensions, qualities, and 

many letters from manufacturers or mer-|l«|(uses of the goods, whether they can b 

chants announcing that they have certain iffflsl'''PP*?'i '" parts, chief materials of con 

goods for sale. A catalogue of the usual lllfep^''"^''^""*^'^''^'"^*'"^' ^^ ^^^^' ^^^*- *=^" ^"^ 

Kia'the importer in passing them through the 



custom-house promptly and to the best ad- 
vantage and afterwards explaining them to 
purchasers. All this should be told at the 
outset, not left to be explained afterwards 
" in response to inquiries. 

Make Discounts Simple. 

If there is offered a discount from a print- 
ed price list, make the rate of discount 
direct and simple, so that there will be but 
one net percentage to be deducted. Costs 
I of packing would better be included in the 
P price of the merchandise. If the article is 
■patented, give dates and full particulars 
concerning the patents. If it has ever been 
!;1 previously sold in Germany, state where and 



A catalogue of the usua 
type is inclosed and the consul request- 
ed to see the firms in his district who 
deal in such goods and induce them to 
open negotiations with the author of the 

letter and catalogue. Having stated the 

superiority of his goods, he proposes thatiiL: 
the buyer shall come to him; and in this 
way he seeks to test the real efficiency of 
the consular service in promoting trade. 
Having learned by experience that most 
goods are now sold in foreign markets by 
agents who are either located there or go 
there for that purpose— that the seller 
seeks the buyer, and not conversely — thei 
next point would be to ascertain whether r 

ocean 
rmined 

able there, and, if so, by which of three ^jL. space which the freight occupies, and this 
methods the attempt shall be made to in- ||if J; should be condensed as much as possible. 
troduce it into that country; whether >vl| !• The failure to remove detachable parts from 
through the medium of (1) a general im-'a! a machine, wheels from a carriage, the top 
porting house, or (2) of a special agency ;||il^"'' ^'^^^ f''°'" ^ piece of furniture where 
exclusively organized for handling Ameri--l.*'^'s '^ possible, and to pack these parts 
can merchandise, or (3) a branch house jif''"^','^®' o^en increases the size of the box or 
r^f +1,.. ^„^^„i. . * li- 1 1 , ' 1°^ Ji9i, crate and thereby needlessly augments the 

of the exporter established abroad for(|||^cost of sea freight. Cases are frequent in 
tnat put pose. "V*!-' which this careless packing of goods to be 

Illusion to be Dispelled. ' '^ ^j .'•.l. liandled on a small profit has. through su- 
it ^...t 1 i * J ^ ii ^ X X, '. ^, ■ 'W; perfluous bulk and cost of freight, destroyed 
It must be stated at the outset that the ^t: the profit of the transaction to the importer, 
fourth method— the theoretical scheme Wit' Ocean freights are often the most variable 




element in foreign trade, and the rates from 
an American port to Hamburg, Bremen, or 
Rotterdam are far more easily ascertained 
in the United States than here. Whenever 
it is practicable, the American exporter 
should give the price of his goods, c. i. f. 
(costs, insurance and freight) to one of the 
above-named ports, instead of f. o. b. (free 
on board, at New York, Baltimore, or other 
American port. This eliminates from the 
importers' calculations the uncertain ele- 
ment of ocean freight (which the exporter 
will naturally add to the cost of the goods), 
and knowing the German duty and freight 
by rail, he can therefore estimate exactly 
what the merchandise will cost delivered 
at his store. 

Special Catalogues Required. 

Catalogues and descriptions of merchan- 
dise, to be of any value, must be in Ger- 
man; and, if possible, prices should be in 
marks and weights and measures in metric 
units. If these can not be supplied from 
home, cuts anfd photographs for illustrations 
should be furnished to the agent, with a fair 
allowance made to him for printing and ad- 
vertising. Some money must be invested to 
establish a new article in a market already 
so well supplied as Germany and dominated 
by native manufacturers who will make ev- 
ery reasonable concession to their customers. 
In correspondence, care should be taken 
to fully prepay all letters and printed mat- 
ter. Failure to do this entails the payment 
of penalty postage by the receiver, arud this 
has become such a burden that many Ger- 
man firms refuse to receive under-paid 
mail matter from the United States. 

Consular officers are not authorized, but, 
on the contrary, are expressly forbidden by 
regulations, to report to private inquirers 
concerning the financial standing or com- 
mercial repute of business men or houses 
in their districts. Such inquiries should be 
made through the leading mercantile agen- 
cies in the United States, which have recip- 
rocal working relations with similar agen- 
cies in Germany, through which a compre- 
hensive, trustworthy, special report can be 
obtained concerning any business man, firm, 
or company in Germany. 

Selling; Agrainst Acceptances. 

There remains to be repeated what has 
been written, said, and reiterated to the 
point of weariness about credits. This is 
the rock on which, more than all others, 
tentative, timid American export trade to 
European countries has been wrecked. Man- 
ufacturers in Germany, France, and Bel- 
gium sell their products to the local trade 
against thirty, sixty, or ninety days' ac- 
ceptances. In Russia, they give three, six, 
nine, or even twelve months' credit, the 
price of the goods being, of course, increased 
so as to include interest on market values 
for such deferred payments. By "accept- 
ance" in this sense is meant that the manu- 
facturer selling goods to a merchant makes 
out an!d sends with each shipment a draft 
on the buyer for thirty, sixty, or ninety 
days, payable at a prescribed bank, usually 
in or near the city or town in which the 
buyer is located. On arrival of the goods, if 
they are up to sample or according to agree- 
ment, the buyer signs the acceptance, which 
then becomes a hard and fast security, 
which the acceptor must pay or go into 
bankruptcy. These acceptances may be dis- 
counted by any bank or person of good 
credit and standing, and when so used have 
practically the character of cash payments. 
American firms having reliable connections 
abroad can therefore safely avail them- 
selves of such 'drafts against acceptances, 
which could be used by American banks in 
settlements with their European connec- 
tions. 

Berlin the Principal Market. 

Berlin is the principal market for manu- 
factured products. Mr. Robert Ganz, an 
American citizen, has at 21 Gansemarkt, 
Hamburg, a European bureau of American 
manufactures, where machinery, tools, and 
a large variety of other articles of Ameri- 
can manufacture are sold on commission. 

In many lines of trade there are practi- 
cally no jobbing houses in Germany, and 
retailers obtain their supplies directly from 
the manufacturers, who employ traveling 
salesmen and give to their customers lib- 
eral discounts and credits. There is among 
consumers little or no prejudice in favor of 
home made goods, so that the success of an 
importeld article depends directly upon its 
quality and the price and terms at which it 
is offered to the trade. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



NORWOOD BieveuES 



MORROW COASTER 

AND BRAKE 

ON ANY MODEL 



2^m^^^^^ 



PLEASE PURCHASERS. 
NORWOOD POLICY 
DELIGHTS DEALERS. 
NORWOOD PRICES 
SECURE SALES^ ^ ^ .^ 



MORROW COASTER 

AND BRAKE 

ON ANY MODEL 



^m^^^^m'^. 



NORWOOD BieveLE eo 



62.-68 PLUM ST. 

eiNeiNivari, ©. 



MELANGE OF TRADE ITEMS 



Brevities of Interest to Manufacturers, Dealers, 

Tobbers and Exporters of Bicycles 

and Sundries. 



The Traders' Cycle & Supply Co. of 
Chicago has certified to a change of 
name to the Western Golfer Co., with 
a corresponding change of objects. 

The Steel Ball Co., which is a Kenosha 
corporation but has its manufacturing 
plant and offices in Chicago, has filed an 
agreement increasing its capital stock 
from $300,000 to $400,000. 

The Co-Operative Wheel Co. of Toledo 
has been incorporated with $5,000 capi- 
tal stock to manufacture bicycles and 
parts and also vehicles to be propelled 
by steam, gasoline, electricity, or other 
motive power. 

Three special detectives in plain dress 
and mounted on bicycles have just been 
detailed by the Chicago police department 
to recover stolen bicycles and to put a 
stop to the stealing, which has been very 
frequent this spring. 

Horace Partridge & Co. of Boston, the 
large merchandising house which for- 
merly handled a great number of bicy- 
cles but made an assignment last win- 
ter, has been petitioned into bankruptcy 
by a number of creditors. 

The M. Hartley Co. of New York City 
has been incorporated with $500,000 cap- 
ital stock to manufacture sporting goods. 
The incorporators are M. Hartley of New 
York City, partner in the Hartley & Gra- 
ham Co.; G. W. Hebard of Brooklyn, and 
G. W. Jenkins of Morristown, N. J. 

O. P. Nelson, a bicycle dealer at Thir- 
ty-first street and Michigan avenue, Chi- 
cago, was arrested last Wednesday on 
the charge of receiving stolen property. 
Garfield McDonald, who confessed to 
having stolen 100 bicycles before he was 
captured, told the detectives that he sold 
one bicycle to Nelson. The detectives 
were unable to find the machine and the 
arrest followed. 

An English contemporary naively sug- 
gests that perhaps one reason why the 
British war -office has been so reluc- 
tant to recognize the utility of the bicy- 
cle for mounted infantry, in spite of the 
excellent showing mads by the few mil- 
itary cyclists in South Africa, is owing 
to the fact that in cases of necessity bi- 
cycles, unlike horses, cannot be trans- 
formed into rations. Although the bi- 



cycle is one of the most utilitarian of 
inventions, no one has over yet ventured 
to suggest that it is fit to eat. 

Jesse H. Bailey, the former assignee of 
the Spaulding & Pepper Co. of Chicopee 
Falls, tire makers, was indicted by the 
grand jury last week for the embezzle- 
ment of $5,500 of creditors' funds, not- 
withstanding his plea of not guilty. 

The suit of the First National bank of 
Toledo against the stockholders of the 
defunct Maumee Cycle Co. to compel 
them to pay a note of $10,000 endorsed by 
each for a loan from the bank to the com- 
pany, has been discharged by the court, 
which released the sureties from any lia- 
bility on the note. 

The Alert Mfg. Co. of New York City 
has been incorporated with $200,000 cap- 
ital stock for the purpose of manufactur- 
ing and selling the lever-hammock sad- 
dles recently illustrated in the Informa- 
tion for Buyers department. Incorpora- 
tors are C. Anderson and J. W. Utz, both 
of New York City. 

The case of the Dunlop Pneumatic 
Tire Co. against the Wapshire Tube Co. 
in England, in which the x-rays were 
used as evidence, was decided in favor 
of the defendants, the judge holding that 
the Wapshare tire is not an infringe- 
ment of the Welch patents, the former 
being held onto the rim not merely by 
the inelasticity of the wired edges, but 
by the resilient play ot counteracting 
pneumatic forces. 

E. Terah Hooley, the English company 
promoter, whose connection with the cy- 
cle trade is well known and whose sky- 
rocket career ended two years ago in the 
bankruptcy courts, bobbed up serenely 
again in London last week, when he 
spread broadcast through the press the 
report of a concession secured from the 
czar of Russia granting him the right to 
work 8,000 square miles of Russian gold 
fields. Subsequent reports from England, 
however, pronounce the story a canard of 
the weakest sort. 

Nickel plated rims are beginning to 
reappear in England, where the major- 
ity of rims are of steel. Plated rims 
fell into disuse a few years ago because 
of the difficulty of keeping them bright 
and free from rust, but since the rim 
brake has begun to be popular it has 
become necessary to finish them in such 
a way that the rollers will not injure the 
finish, as they do enamel. Probably, 
however, a combination of the two will 
be used, the center of the rims being 
enameled and the sides, where the roll- 
ers engage them, nickeled. 



ARE IMPORTING MOTOCYCLES 



Banker Bros. Secure Sale Agency in This 

Country for Werner Motor 

Driven Singles. 



The Banker Bros. Cycle Co. of High- 
land and Center Avenues, Pittsburg, com- 
posed of Arthur L. Banker and George A. 
Banker, both former cycle racing men of 
prominence, George having been the 
proud holder of the world's champion- 
ship, are now importing motocycles. The 
machine which they are handling is the 
Werner Moto Cyclette, manufactured by 
Werner Bros. & Co., engineers and con- 
structors of Paris, for which they have 
the sole United States agency. 

I>tke an Ordinary Safety. 

This machine is similar to an ordinary 
bicycle, having reinforced front forks. A 
1% -horsepower, air-cooled, upright gaso- 
line engine is carried in front of the head 
of the machine, being supported on the 
tops of the front forks and the handle- 
bar-stem and turning with the forks. 
Carried by the rim of the front wheel is a 
pulley, a few inches smaller in diameter 
than the wheel itself. From this pulley 
to a small one on the engine shaft runs a 
belt for transmitting the power. The gas- 
oline tank, spark coil and battery are car- 
ried in the frame of the machine and are 
compressed sufficiently not to interfere 
with the rider's legs. The rear wheel is, 
fitted with a coaster brake and the engine 
is put into operation by starting the bi- 
cycle in the usual manner. After the en- 
gine is started the pedals can be used for 
foot-rests or to assist the motor in pro- 
pelling the bicycle. The entire machine 
weighs only sixty-five pounds. 

Are Successful in Europe. 

The motocycles have been on the Euro- 
pean markets for the past four years and 
are well and favorably known there. 

George A. Banker, who is now in Paris, 
is attending to the buying and is testing 
each motocycle at the Werner factory be- 
fore it is shipped, so that there will be no 
chance of faultily constructed machines 
being sent to this country. The first ship- 
ment has already arrived and other ship- 
ments will follow regularly. Agents will 
be appointed throughout the country. 

In addition to the motocycles, the 
Bankers company will also carry a com- 
plete line of fittings, such as batteries, 
spark plugs, induction coils, valves, etc. 



T. S. Prouty, Wayne, Mich.— "We have 
taken the Cycle Age for almost two years 
and find it the best paper published. We 
have tried them all. 

"We make the Prouty special, which re- 
tails at $32.50 and $33.50. They embody all 
the popular ideas in construction." 



66 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



CURRENT MECHANICAL TOPICS 



IT AFFORDS TWO POSITIONS 



The Plat Top Handle Bar More Comfortable 
Thau Prevalent Types. 



Nearly all of the handle bars now used 
on American bicycles are bent in one 
continuous curve. Nearly all riders de- 
sire to change the positions of their 
hands occasionally when riding. Thus 
we have had a steady demand for the 
adjustable bar. All riders, however, do 
not care to have such bars on their ma- 
chines and it is a common sight to see 
a rider with his hands on the curved 
portions of a deep drop bar. Such a po- 
sition is uncomfortable. It is hard to 
hold onto a slippery curved surface but 
there is no way out of the difficulty 







when one wants to sit up and the grips 
on his bars are six or seven inches be- 
low the top of the stem. 

If a ram's horn handle bar is bent like 
that shown in the two accompanying 
illustrations, with a perfectly straight or 
flat top portion 17 or 18 inches wide and 
a curved portion at each side to lower 
the grips the desired distance, two very 
comfortable hand positions are at all 
times available. 




When the rider desires to scorch he 
can grasp the bar at or near the grips. 
When he is riding slowly and desires to 
sit up he can place his hands near the 
respective ends of the top flat or straight 
portion of the bar. In each case he has 
perfect control of the machine and in 
neither will his wrists become unduly 
tired. 



In appearance the flat top bar may not 
equal the curved bar but appearance in 
anything depends largely upon whether 
or not we are used to looking at it. The 



The ninth installment of the series 
of articles " Problem of the Coaster 
Brake " being omitted from this is- 
sue will appear in that of May 24. 



CLEANLY GRINDING ROOM 



flat top bar in different depths of grip 
drop is a likely chance for some handle 
bar maker who desires to put a little 
new life into the manufacture and sale 
of rigid bars. 



Was Forced to Draw the Line. 

The following communication from the 
manager of the Safety Handle Bar Co. 
of Chardon, O., is self-explanatory and 
as the expression of opinion of an old- 
timer in the adjustable handle bar busi- 
ness is interesting: 

Editor Cycle Age: Referring to your 
article in the issue of May 10 regarding 
multiplicity of sizes in bicycle parts I 
beg to say that you have not overdrawn 
the matter as to handle bar stem diam- 
eters. In 1897 while connected with the 
Kelly Handle Bar Co., I endeavored to 
fulfill my promise to "fit all bicycles," 
with the result that at the close of the 
season I had an assortment of forly- 
three different diameters and styles of 
stem. I finally drew the line and quii, 
in disgust the effort to please everybody 

when I was confronted with a 

bicycle which had a hexagonal hole in 
the steering head stem. I did not fit 
it and proceeded from then to talk 7-8- 
inch stems to manufacturers. This size 
should become universal and is now be- 
ing gradually adopted by makers as 
standard. Very respectfully. — W. E. 
Kelly. 

Couldn't Find the Nuts. 

A rider who is by no means stupid 
was complaining to a dealer that he had 
taken an ugly fall that was due to his 
bearings having run up tight and 
jammed. They did so, he said, because 
there was nothing in the catalogue of 
the maker that explained how to adjust 
the bearings and lock them, and he had 
failed to perceive the locking devices. 
The wheelman contended, says an ex- 
change, that the man who sold the bicy- 
cle should have been bound by contract 
to the maker to explain the working of 
every part to every buyer, or else the 
manufacturer should put in the tool bag 
of every machine a pamphlet giving full 
instructions concerning every detail of 
construction and adjustment of it, so 
that the rider could learn from it how 
to take it apart as comfortably as if un- 
der the • eye of an instructor without 
making a mistake. The rider added to 
his argument the statement that because 
he did not know a certain nut was set 
on with a left-hand thread, he had 
turned it to the right in trying to un- 
screw it and set it up so tight that he 
burred all the edges and ruined the nut 
in undoing it. 

Some riders need guardians rather 
than instructions. — Ed. 



Bxample 'Which Might Well be Followed 
by Bicycle Manufacturers. 



How many of the great many grinding 
rooms in bicycle and bicycle parts fac- 
tories are there in which any precau- 
tion is taken to keep the air free from 
grinding dusts? There are few such 
rooms in which provision has been made 
for taking away the dust. There are 
few grinding rooms into which shop vis- 
itors care to take more than a hurried 
glance. If a manufacturer is not inter- 
ested in the health and good nature of 
his employes he should at least be inter- 
ested in the way in which his work is 
manipulated. A cleanly grinding room 
will facilitate grinding. 

In the accompanying illustration is 
shown the interior part of the grinding 
room of an eastern manufactory of 
plumbers' supplies. The dust removal 
means here employed are reported by 
the American Machinist to be very ef- 
fective. 

The large horizontal sheet iron pipe, 
nearly one-half of which is shown in the 
picture, is connected at its middle with 
a large suction fan which discharges 
above the roof of the building. The up- 
right pipes come down behind each pair 
of emery wheels, and at each side of 
each pipe is a movable spout with its 




opening right under the wheel. A large 
opening is provided for between the 
spout and the upright pipe. The central 
bolt seen at the side of the spout gives 
friction enough to sustain the weight 
of the spout, so that it may be moved 
up or down according to the diameter of 
the wheel in use. In the progress of the 
work these are frequently changed. The 
dust is removed from the upright pipes 
at the slides near the bottom. When 
any wheel is not in use, a pad is dropped 
into the opening in the spout, so that the 
others may have the benefit of as much 
suction as possible. 

The wrought-iron straps fastened to 
the floor, extending upwards about 2 feet 
and then horizontally to the wall, are 
used as supports of the grinding frame 
which carries the wheels. This pair of 
wheels had caused an inconvenient jar- 
ring of the floor, which disappeared en- 
tirely when they were thus mounted. 



One idea from Modern Cycle Repairs 
may save you the price of the book. 



Substitute for Inner Tube Horn. 

The accompanying illustration shows 
an exceedingly simple device which is 
suggested by E. H. Marriott of La Moille, 
111., as a substitute for the metal "horn" 
which is often used to assist in insert- 
ing inner tubes into tires of the M. & W. 
style. It is merely a small wooden 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



67 



I Quality and Price 



i 



7^ 




WRITE US. 



March= Davis 
Cycle Mfg, 
Co.... 

CHICAGO 



1900 ADMIRAL— $25.00 



riakers of 

Bicycles for the Jobbing Trade 

Exclusively 



Our Large Output Enables Us to Give the Best Value Obtainable for the Honey. 



S?2^s3ss§?r<33as5^;igasas6sagas§«s3asasasa?^ssas?a^3ag;as23 




WOULDN'T IT ANNOY YOU? 

IP YOU H7\D PERSU7XDED YOUR CUSTOMERS 
TO HWE SOHE OTHER PSDJUSTT^BLE BSR 

ON THEIR WHEELS AND THEN THIlY 

LEARNED th?yt the 

PREDRICK ADJUSTABLE 
HANDLE BAR 

IS THE ONLY ONC which CHNNOT 
TALL DOWN under bnv ciRcunsTHNCcs 
HMD IS riTTCD WITH INVISIBLE INTER- 
'nAL EXPANDER, 

NOW, WOULDN'T IT MAKE 
YOU MAD? 



MAKERS: 

150 |<ra«^m* l^treet. 





CONSTRUCTION 



$35 



PIONEER 



MODEL A 
Is Correct— A Profitable Seller 



$35 



HUNTINGTON MFG. CO, 

HUNTINGTON, IND. 



$25 



PIONEER 

MODEL B 
Generously Good — Terms Right 




68 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



stick whittled down to form a reduced 
end portion and shoulder at each ex- 
tremity. The ends are placed in the 
second or third pair of lacing holes in 
the edges of the casing at the slit and 




}i7f6^^^^^'>£- 



the stick thus holds the opening in a 
stretched position which allows the con- 
venient feeding-in of the tube. 



METAL IN THE WRONG PLACE 



Many Cycle Makers Pay I^ittle Attention to 
Distribution of Weight. 



Editor Cycle Age: The question of 
weight is not now nearly as important 
in making and selling bicycles as it has 
been at one time. Twenty-flve pounds 
is generally conceded to be about the 
proper weight for a regular roadster ma- 
chine and when a buyer broaches the 
subject of light-weight machines upon 
the dealer he is told that such machines 
have been tried and dropped because 
they were too frail. Were they frail? 
Perhaps some of them might have been. 

Are the 25-pound bicycles of 1900 any 
stronger or safer than the 20-pound ma- 
chines of 1895, grade being equal? It 
seems to the writer that they are not, 
for the extra metal which gives the ma- 
chines of today the added weight is not 
placed genei-ally where it will raise the 
factor of safety of the machine. For in- 
stance, the writer recently weighed a 
pair oi up-to-date popular handle bars. 
They scored on the scale nearly to the 
2-pound mark. The bar which was re- 
movably secured to the head of the stem, 
was then detached. It weighed separ- 
ately 141/3 ounces. The stem alone 
weighed 15^4 ounces, or more than the 
bar. 

That bar was a pound heavier than it 
need be to be safe and strong. Its stem 
weighed a pound, not because its makers 
desired to be on the safe side of strength, 
but because it was easier and cheaper 
to make the part out of a solid forging 
or casting (the writer is not sure which 
it was) than to construct it so that it 
might possess the proper amount of 
strength with the least weight. On the 
outside that stem was up to the times 
in design. In cross section it was in 
keeping with the days when safety 
frames were made of malleable iron cast- 
ings in one piece or of gas pipe threaded 
into the connections. 

There is much weight thrown away on 
modern bicycles. Careful designing and 
building can produce a machine weigh- 
ing 20 pounds which will possess every 
bit of the strength and safety of the 25- 
pound bicycles now in vogue. 

The writer hails the proposed return 
to 1-inch tubing, not because of any par- 
ticular inherent advantage in that size, 
but because it is the forerunner of a 
general tendency to reduce weight. With 
a few light-weight trim looking bicycles 
on the market the bulk of the makers 
will be forced into line. To do this they 
will find it necessary to properly distri- 
bute the metal in their machines and in 
so doing they will be doing OHly what 



one has a right to expect of them. It 
is very bad engineering, indeed, which 
allows steel to go into a machine the 
easiest way and to put plenty in the 
doubtful places in order to be on the 
safe side. L. G. A. 



INTERESTING LATHE JOB 



How a Workman Rigged Up a Machine tor 
Grinding a Spherical Surface. 



Because of the fact that spherical 
grinding is not a commonly performed 
operation it is generally one for which 
the machinist is unprepared when he 
does find it necessary. A contributor to 
an eastern machine paper tells how he 
accomplished a job of the kind on a 
lathe: 

It was necessary to grind the face of a 
stamping press punch spherical, with a 
radius of 1 inch, with the shedder in 
place, and after the punch had been 
fitted to the plunger of the sub-press, and 
as there was no attachment in the shop 
for doing it I devised the method shown 
in the accompanying illustration. I had 
a bench lathe with a steady rest, and 
I placed therein the plunger as shown, 
ready for grinding. 

In looking over some fixtures that we 
had for special jobs I found a plate with 
two holes, one threaded and the other 
counterbored and with a screw in it. 
This plate I arranged to have swivel 
around screw A, which held it to the 
block B, which, in turn, was held to the 
lathe bed by two screws running up 
through the central slot in the same. I 
then made block C of sufficient height 
to bring the grinding attachment up to 
the center. This attachment, with block 
C, was held at an angle to plate D by 
screw E. This completed the fixture, 
which I then placed in its right posi- 
tion, or nearly so, by using a square 
placed on D and brought against the 



face of the punch at the center, moving 
D until the center of the screw A meas- 
ured 1.01 inches from the face to the 
punch. 

To locate screw A central to the plun- 
ger I used a straight-edge held against 
either side of the lathe bed, which had 
flatted sides, measuring therefrom and 
shifting plate B until the center of the 
screw A came to a central position. The 
two screws holding plate B to the lathe 
bed were considerably smaller than the 
slot, which allowed for shifting in lo- 
cating the attachment. 

The locating of the attachment as I 
have described it was not without error, 
but it was easily and accurately located 
under working conditions by noting the 
sparks from the wheel as it moved 
around the spherical surface, and shift- 
ing the fixture as required until the 
sparks were equal at the extreme points 
at either side of the center. Having as- 
sured myself in this way of the fixture's 
central position, I proceeded to grind to 
the required diameter by shifting the col- 
lar F on the grinding spindle for depth of 
cut until enough had been ground off to 
let the template G fit. 



Easily Made Tire Fluid. 

George W. Miller of Buffalo says that 
he has been very successful in the home 
manufacture of fluid for injecting into 
single tube tires to insure them against 
leakage through small punctures. The 
puncture closing tire fluid which he uses 
and recommends is composed simply of 
ordinary rubber solution or cement 
thinned with gasoline or benzine. This 
preparation does not injure the rubber 
and does not hinder vulcanization when 
a large cut or hole in the tire makes 
such an operation necessary. 



Cycle Age repair book, $2; to subscrib- 
ers, $1. 




Rig for Grinding Spherical Surface on Lathe. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



69 



WHY DO THEY INVENT ? 



There Is Apparently Little or No Excuse for the Production of a 
Great Share of Recent Cycle Inventions 



A large screen supported on the handle 
bars to deflect the wind from the rider 
and to protect him from insects; a "punc- 
tureless" tire full of wire springs; a 
"puncturelcss" tire full oi rubber; these 
are some of the inventions for which let- 
ters patent were granted last week. With 
the history of the cycle tiade as an open 
boolt before the public, what sort of a 
spirit can it be that induces the mind of 
man to perpetrate such utterly worthless 
creations? 

In nine cases out of tei the object of 
invention is money. An invention to 
yield money must have commercial value, 
or at least a bright possibility of the 
same. Are men such fools as to beUeve 
that insect screens and bed-spring tires 



the tastes of the public. They are to b.^ 
pitied. 

The voluble patent attorney'who seeks 
gain at the expense of his clientage is to 
be blamed. He it is who acts as the main 
motive power of the National Machine 
for the Promotion of Worthless Inven- 
tion. He it is who must rot into a mem- 
ory before patent reform becomes any- 
thing greater than a satire. And the best 
way to drum him out of camp is to leave 
him alone. Advice to inventors: If you 
must patent, seek the aid of an honest 
attorney. 

Practically the only feasible inventions 
on which patents were granted last week, 
with the exception of those for well 
known articles now on the market and 



r'A rtnr' A TTom£ v3 .= 

VIS irons WILL PL£AS£ L£Al/£ 
ThEIFt t10P£ on rt1£ JID£WALn 




can be sold to the cycle trade, and by it 
to the public? If they are not, why do 
they persist in foisting into the wind of 
public criticism such marvelously errat'.c 
conceptions? 

Many the bright hope that has been 
buried without even a death knell or a 
priest; many the well fondled idea that 
has been nursed but to perish unrequited; 
many the treasured hoard that has dwin- 
dled to an empty sock in a pitiful for- 
tune-chase at the coat tails of the glib 
patent attorney; many the ululant awak- 
ening from hope-scented dreams. Why 
do they invent? 

A man who is not smart enough to in- 
vent things for which the public has a 
use is not smart enough to fool the pub- 
lic. Yet such men invent. They do it 
either in the conceited illusion that their 
productions have practical utility, or in 
the still more conceited fancy that they 
are wise enough to promote frauds. The 
innocent character of most worthless in- 
ventions argues that their respective 
patentees have attempted no fraud, but 
have merely misjudged and underrated 



whose issuance is mentioned in the In- 
formation for Buyers department, are an 
English pattern gear case devised by H. 
W. Dover, of Northampton, England, and 
a detachable dress and mud guard invent- 
ed by P. A. Toomey of Chicago. 



A lady in Sacramento, Cal., claims 
proudly to be the authorized descendant 
of the original inventor of the pedal 
propelled bicycle. She has a machine 
which she claims was built by her father 
in France prior to 1840. How much 
prior is not stated. She is probably wait- 
ing to name the exact date until she 
learns what others have to claim. Then 
she can go them one better. 



The Cycle and Automobile Trade Jour- 
nal thinks that it would be more proper 
to refer to the cycle repairer as the cycle 
machinist and is of the opinion that 
much of the work turned out by him 
is a great deal in advance of the ordi- 
nary machinist's work. Yes, and some 
of it is several laps behind. 



ELFIN 
BICYCLE 



Others 
Behind 
The 
Times 



Because other makers 
continue to manufacture 
and push Juveniles that 
are hideous, clumsy, 
breakable, not 
practicable for the 
child's use— distinctly 
behind the times — is no 
reason why you should 
sell them. 



There have been great improvements 
in wheels for adults during the past 
few yea's. Except in the Elfin there 
have been practically no improvements 
in Juveniles. 



Sales of Juveniles will be 
largest in the Vacation 
months which are near 
at hand. Be ready for 
the little folks with a bi= 
cycle that will give thor= 
ough satisfaction. 

Send for Catalog of 
1900 Models. 



Frazer & Jones Co. 

250 Walton St. 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

Makers 



70 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



THE DEPARTMENT STORE SALESMAN 



He Is a Voluble Speaker But Manifests a Daring Disregard of 
Facts — A Few Typical Examples of His Methods 



While hunting for the church notice 
column in a Sunday paper recently, a 
member of the editorial staff of the Cycle 
Age noticed a full page advertisement 
which told of wondrous bargains to be 
had in bicycles and bicycle sundries at a 
down-town department store. The re- 
solve was made to visit that store in 
search of information, amusement and 
perhaps of material for a trade story. 
Monday noon saw the Cycle Age man 
pushing his way among the idlers and 
traders in the narrow aisles of that store. 

The first stop was at a booth where a 
well groomed young man was proclaiming 

the merits of coaster brakes. 

Simple as a Clothespin. 

"There are many kinds of coaster 
brakes on the market," the sleek sales- 
man assured his listeners, "but this is the 
only one which is really safe to use. 
Think of the disaster should you go a 
coasting down a long winding hill and 
your brake refused to work. Think of 
that, gentlemen, before you invest your 
hard earned cash in some contrivance 
built only to sell but not to use. This 
brake here is guaranteed to work. A 
little pressure on the pedals and there 
you are, stopped in the middle of the 
steepest hill, and no harm done. Simple 
as a clothespin, valuable as a mint and 
sold on a special sale today for four 
ninety-live with a spanner wrenqi^i 
^rown in." , - . , 

"^•How does it work?" asked the Cycll 
Age^man. 

Momentutn in the Hub. 

"Simplest thing on earth," the sales- 
man graciously replied, "you see this 
here hub has a loose sprocket. Inside 
the sprocket are balls. When you push 
on the pedals to make the bicycle go the 
balls catch and the sprocket turns the 
wheel. See? Well, when you want to 
coast you quit pushing on the pedals, 
just let your feet stop, sit there like you 
was in an easy chair reading and the bi- 
cycle keeps agoing as long as there is 



any momentum left in the hub. If it 
gets agoing too fast you press down on 
either pedal, or both of them for that 
matter, and the sprocket pushes some 
more balls there are in it out against 
the brake cam and the thing stops or 
slows up according to how hard you press 
down. Now isn't that simple? Why, I 
tell you it can't be beat, greatest thing 
on earth. Can I sell you one? Only four 
ninety-five today with a spanner 
wrench thrown in." 

The Cycle Age man declined to buy. 

At a nearby booth a tall young man 
with an ambitious but undisciplined mus- 
tache was making a noble effort to drown 
the confusing noise of the place with his 
own original style of eloquence. He 
spoke in the interests of a gas lamp. 
Spying the Cycle Age man as a new 
comer he beckoned him and inquired 
whether or no he had seen that particu- 
lar lamp as yet. Tiie Cycle Age man in- 
nocently lied: 

"No, I don't believe I ever have. Is it 
any good?" 

Marvelous Water Valve. 

"Others ain't in it," replied ye sales- 
man, "this yere lamp 'as more extrode- 
nary feechurs than any of 'em. Look at 
this yere needle valve. The water tank 
here are chuck full of water, running 
over, can't hold any more, full as a 
Irishman on St. Patrick's day and yet 
when I shuts that valve by simply turn- 
ing it with a single twist of th' thumb 
not another drop of water comes out, not 
a drop, not another drop. Now I opens 
the valve. See her fall, one drop, two 
drops, three drops, as many as you want. 
There's the finest valve in th' game." 

"But," protested the Cycle Age man, 
"what is there wonderful about water 
dropping when you open a hole in the 
bottom of the can?" 

"Gas pressure my boy, gas pressure. 
This lamp has the finer gas pressure as 
any in the business. Works just like 
your big gas tanks here in the city only 




those tanks cost millions, this lamp 
costs you today, 'cause of a spesul sale 
only one dollur and forty-five cents with 
a two-pound can o' carbide throwd in." 

"What is carbide anyway?" asked the 
Cycle Age man. 

"Carbide," said the knowing salesman, 
"is the product of a immense factury at 
Niagary Falls. Milluns of tons of water 
is used every hour and the chemical re- 
sult is this marvelous composishun 
which affords such convenyunce and 
pleasure to the thousands what use the 
lamps. It is a guaranteed com- 
posishun. It never fails. Will you take 
one of these lamps, sir? They go back to 
th' regular price tomorrow." 

Parabolic Plating;. 

"No, I don't think I want one today," 
said the Cycle Age man, "but I wish you 
would tell me why this lamp has no lens 
in front as some have, but a plain glass 
instead." 

"This lamp don't need no lens," as- 




"Works like your big gas tanks here In the city." 



^e&i^e /<te= 



"Give me a small roll of tire ta. e " 

serted the salesman, "It are the only 
lamp made with the right kind of re- 
flectur. The plating on this reflectur is 
what does the work. It's par-a-bol-ic. 
That's a long word, but it means a lot. 
Just remember that — par-a-bol-ic. When 
it's parabolic it don't need no lens as I 
jest explained. Go find another lamp 
with such an advantage if you can." 

"How's that parabolic plating put on?" 
meekly inquired the Cycle Age man. 

"It's a special scientific process and 
a full dissurtashun of the proposishun 
would be tiresum, but take my word on 
it, there ain't no scheme on earth so 
good for so little money." 

Regular Salesman Was at launch. 

The next demonstrator-salesman en- 
countered was a good-natured, honest 
sort of a chap. He was talking about a 
certain brand of cement for plugging sin- 
gle tube tires and was sandwiching be- 
tween his speeches practical demonstra- 
tions of how well it worked. He had a 
tire full of repaired punctures and was 
fast increasing their number. 

After he had punctured the tire and 
plugged it he would say this: 

"No trouble at all; be your own re- 
pairman and save money; a child can 
do it; works every time.' 

The Cycle Age man having noticed that 
the salesmajQ was rather red in the face 
and weak in the wind on account of con- 
stant exercise over a foot pump which 
formed a very necessary part of each 
trial with the cement, commented: 

"Sort of hard work when you do it 
regular, isn't it?" 

"Well, you see, I'm just up here while 
the other fellow has gone to lunch, and 
it strikes me he must have got into a 
pretty good place to eat, by the time he's 
taking to it. First time I ever saw the 
goo-goo; that's why I know I'm telling 
the truth when I say that a child can turn 
the trick." 

"How old are you?" queried the Cycle 
Age man, as he mixed with the crowd. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



71 



Chance or something else drew the in- 
quisitive newspaper man toward a coun- 
ter whose salesman was not a salesman at 
all, but a saleslady. She was selling small 
staple sundries. Before the Cycle Age 
man had time to plan out a proper and 
seeming method of attack with a possi- 
ble safe retreat in case of emergency, a 
very pleasant voice asked him what he 
would have. 

"Well," running his eye hurriedly over 
the counter, "I guess you may give me 
one of those small rolls of tire tape. How 
much is it?" 

"One cent," and the saleslady showed 
an inclination to smile; "do you think 
you have that much with yOu?" 

The Cycle Age man was brave against 
the titters that came from the crowd out- 
side the counter, and responding "I guess 
so" leisurely brought from his pocket a 
magnificent roll of "ones," around which 
was wrapped a single "twenty." Pulling 
the twenty off without disclosing the de- 
nomination of the other bills, he threw it 
down on the show-case. No comments 
came from the other side of the counter 
and the audience turned the laugh. 
ThA Illustrator Appears. 

Just then the extravagant buyer noticed 
that the mistress of the sundries counter 
was looking inquisitively at something 
back of him. Turning, he made the dis- 
covery tliat the Cycle Age illustrator had 
wandered, for some unknown purpose, in- 
to that department of the, store and was 
then busily at work fiQaking a sketch of 
the parties engaged in the tire tape trans- 
action. 

The illustrator's picture was endorsed 
on the spot for publication, and, after the 
cash girl had returned with the $19.99, he 
was shown the fluent speaker who urged 
the merits of parabolic plating for lamp 
reflectors and requested to produce a pen 
and ink likeness of said individual and 
the collection of typical department store 
buyers who listened eagerly and other- 
wise to his cheery words of salvation 
from lamp troubles. 



THREE-PART SEAT POST CLAMP 



Simple Device Suggested by Inventor Who 
Has No Des're to Patent. 



E. K. Baker of the Baker & Ruther- 
ford Cycle Works of Paris, Tex., writes 
that he has several times unsuccessful- 
ly tried to make money with inventions 
and patents but that he is now satisfied 
to humor his inventive desires by cre- 
ating new things for the fun of it and 
to earn his livelihood by working. 

The seat post expander shown in the 




T/t£. (Yai/)oEr 



accompanying illustration is of Mr. Bak- 
er's invention and he says that if any- 
one takes a fancy to it they are welcome 
to all the privileges of the invention for 
the mere expression of thanks. The ex- 
pander comprises but three parts. A 
cylindrical body is internally threaded 
at the upper end and formed with a 
taper bore below the threading. It is 
also split longitudinally from its lower 
MiS upward. Inside this piece fits a split 



sleeve with a correspondingly tapered 
outside surface and a straight inner wall 
to receive the seat post. The third part 
is the locking ring which is adapted to 
press against the upper end of the inner 
sleeve. The operation of the device is 
obvious. 

Simple as it is, this clamp has one 
serious fault. It would probably be hard 
to loosen such an expander after the in- 
ner sleeve had once been jammed down 
tightly within the outer. Mr. Baker rec- 
ognizes this fault and says that he thinks 
it would be possible to loosen the ex- 
pander by pulling upward on the saddle 
or seat post, directing the force at the 
same time in a twisting direction. 

If such an expander can be loosened 
after having once been set, it can be very 
readily reduced to an effective two-part 
affair by disposing of the outer sleeve, 
reaming the seat cluster out on a taper 
and supplying it with internal screw 
threads at the top. 



Tell-Tale for Truing Work. 

Having had experience with the truing 
of work of various descriptions in auto- 
matic screw machines, die work in the 




/fe Cy(1£/^(jC- 



lathe, also work in the milling machine, 
but especially work in the universal 
grinding machine, work that was hard- 
ened and that was warped out of stiaps 
and which required resetting in the ma- 
chine for reflnishing, I devised, says a 
writer to an exchange, the truing in- 
dicator shown in the sketch, and it 
has been used by myself in all the jobs 
mentioned, both for internal and outside 
indicating, or truing up. It has been 
borrowed by men everywhere that I have 
worked. It is always in use in prefer- 
ence to their more finely finished instru- 
ments for the same work, and is, like all 
useful tools, the simplest one that can 
be made. It consists of the usual sur- 
face gage for the planer, one with a 12- 
inch vertical rod preferred, of a straight 
piece of steel rod A, No. 55, forked at 
the end and the small wire feeler B 
jointed in. The rod A fits the surface 
gage, and the feeler is of small wire 
flatted at the end for the joint. As the 
short end of the feeler is but i/4-inch, 
while the other end is as long as you 
please, according to the line of work, 
it shows any variations very minutely. 
The feeler must work very freely in the 
fork so that its weight alone will bring 
it down. 



Surely Not a Marvel. 

A gentleman contributing what is cap- 
tioned mechanical and practical matter 
to an English cycling paper says with 
referenr.f, to the makers of a standard 
British bicycle: 

"I think the firm are not acting at all 
wisely in making a nine days' wonder of 
their ladies' safety of the featherweight 
type. When fitted with a gear case this 
very light machine weighs about 31 
pounds. I do not say that this is too 
heavy — far from it — but it is certainly not 
a featherweight." 

No, a 31-pound bicycle can hardly be 
called a featherweight. At least it is 
hard to consider such a machine in the 
light of a nine days' wonder. 



THE 
GEO. N.PIERCE CO. 



SAY THAT 

THERE IS MORE ACTUAL MERIT 

AND 

MORE SELLING QUALITIES 

IN THEIR 



CUSHION FRAME 
BICYCLES 



THAN IN ANY OTHER MODEL 
OF THEIR LINE. 



There must be a reason for it and If 
your competitor has the Pierce Agency 
you should 

SECURE THE 

STEARNS, 

BARNES, 

FRONTENAC, 

IVER JOHNSON, 

YALE, 

OLIVE, 

READING STANDARD, 

or OUTING. 



For detailed information of "Cushion Frame 

Goodness" write the above concemt 

or (he patentees 



THE 



Oscar Selbach, some time ago arrested 
on a charge of embezzling $2,500 from 
the Miami Cycle & Mfg. Co., and released 
on bail, was indicted by the grand jury 
at Hamilton, 0., last Saturday. 



HYGIENIC WHEEL CO. 

ST. PAUL BLDG., NEW YORK. 



72 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



INFORMATION FOR BUYERS 



Simple in Construction. 

The accompanying- illustration shows the 
interior of the gas generation chamber of 
the O. K. acetylene gas lamp manufactured 
by the Seal Lock Co. of Chicago. The con- 
struction of thi.s lamp is as simple as its 
exterior appearance suggests. The upper 
half of the generating chamber comprises 
the water tank which has a capacity of 2% 
ounces. Below this is an open space for 
the carbide. Any kind of commercial car- 




bide may be used and it is placed in a light 
cloth bag similar to a tobacco bag, before 
being inserted in the lamp. If care is taken 
when placing the carbide bag in the lamp 
to get it snugly jammed between the lower 
wall of the lamp body and the under side 
of the water reservoir, the distribution of 
water when the latter drips from the reser- 
voir will be straight through the bag into 
the carbide. This is an important point in 
the use of the lamp because should the bag 
be placed loosely in. the apartment the 
water in dripping would run all over the 
outside of the bag before reaching the car- 
bide and the generation of gas would then 
not be as effective and economical as when 
the bag is properly placed. The generated 
gag before reaching the combustion cham- 
ber passes through a felt pad which filters 
it and removes all dust which might other- 
wise act to clog the burner. The burner tip 
used in this lamp is of the fish tail pattern. 
P. J. Dasey has joined the forces of the 
Seal Lock Co. and will represent it in Chi- 
cago, where he will work among riders, job- 
bers and retail dealers. 



Of Credit to the Veeder. 

The Connecticut division of the League of 
American Wheelmen has decided to remeas- 
ure all roads and to remark or correct all 
road signboards in that state. The work, 
will be accomplished under the supervision 
of F. W. Starr, chief consul for Connecti- 
cut. Mr. Starr and his committee have de- 
cided to use for measuring purposes Veeder 
trip cyclometers. The fact that all work 
of this nature has In the past been done 
with surveyors' chains and that Mr. Starr 
has concluded that the Veeder cyclometer 
will furnish jusi as accurate results, speaks 
well for the construction and operation of 
the little Hartford-made indicator. 



A. & J. Two-Piece Hanger. 

The Avery & Jeness Co., 28 West Wash- 
ington street, Chicago, Is finding a ready 
sale among repair men for its A. & J. han- 
ger which, besides being a modern two-piece 




Tk£ ^■af^ne^ 



hanger for use In new bicycles, possesses 
the distinctive advantage of being so con- 
structed that it may be readily applied to 
old rnachines without change of bracket. 
Repairers have during the last two years 



done much work in the line of bicycles and 
since the universal adoption of one and two- 
piece hangers there has been a demand for 
a modern hanger which might be used as a 
substitute for the old fashion three-piece 
hanger with cotter pin crank attachment. 
The A. &. J. company when it first brought 
out its hanger sought to provide repairers 
with ready means for meeting this demand. 
The A. & J. hanger is of the two-piece va- 
riety and will be furnished complete in a 
set comprising cranks, sprocket, cups, cones, 
balls and retainers and for any bracket 
from 2 to 4 inches in length and from 1 7-16 
to 2 inches in diameter, inside measurement. 
When ordering the bracket to fit an old ma- 
chine the only specifications necessary to 
send the company are the measurements 
A and B as indicated on the accompanying 
illustration, and the desired sprocket size 
and crank length. The hanger as furnished 
can be put into a frame without trouble and 
with no other tools than a screw driver and 
wrench. 

Besides manufacturing these hangers the 
A. & J. company is offering the cycle thad'» 
such standard articles as the Bridges seaT 
post. Clarendon expander and the Nelson 
adjustable cone for replacing worn or brok- 
en hub cones of any make. 



Sunrise Racer. It is the Wolff-American 
Model 40, distinguished by a brilliant red 
decoration at the head, and lists at $40. 



"Giant" Pocket Foot Pump. 

The accompanying illustration shows the 
telescopic foot pump manufactured by the 
Mackie-Lovejoy Mfg. Co., 54 North Clinton 



C03 




F"^^ ' 



T/t£fyrifj4&e^ 



street, Chicago. This pump, which is called 
the Giant, has a two-piece plunger rod one 
section of which is adapted to telescope 
within the other. This allows the plunger 
to be contained entirely within the pump 
barrel and when it is in that position, and 
the nozzle and foot piece are folded up 
alongside the barrel, the pump is as com- 
pact as an ordinary hand pump and may be 
carried in the pocket or tool bag. When 
the plunger, is extended for use a patent 
snap at the upper enid of the lower and out- 
side half holds the top or handle section 
securely in place for operation. Every part 
of the pump is simple and substantial and 
the makers say that the pump gives entire 
satisfaction wherever used. The pump not 
only obviates the inconvenience of kneeling 
beside a bicycle to inflate the tire with a 
hand pump but it affords more rapid and 
effective inflation than the hand pump. The 
company states that the Giant pump is sell- 
ing well and that both dealers and riders 
find it a very de.sirable article. 



A $40 Wolff-American Special. 

The sale of the $35 Wolff-American models 
has been so satisfactory that a new de- 
velopment has appeared as a surprise for 
the middle of the season in the shape of a 
snappy little special machine called the 



Toggle Joint Foot Pump. 

The Long Toggle Bicycle Pump Co. of 
Cedar Rapids, la., is manufacturing the tog- 
gle joint foot pump shown in the illustra- 
tion herewith. The cylinder of this pump 
is 1% inches in diameter and provides a 7%- 
inch .stroke. After the foot treadle has been 




}ifit:^£^^ ^.s<? 



depressed a spring returns it 
stroke. The pump is compact 
to be a powerful inflator. The 
all is 32 inches and when not 
pump can be folded almost flat, 
is 3% pounds. The makers have 
toggle joint pump the "Rapid' 
that in operation it is entirely 
with its cognomen. 



for another 
and is said 
length over 
in use the 
The weight 
named this 
' and state 
in keeping 



Make Corp Bicycles. 

One of the most popular makes of bicycles 
in Providence, R. I., is the Corp, made by 
Corp Bros., in their little factory at Math- 
ewson and Sabin, streets in that city. This 
industry was establishe'd five years ago and 
the firm quickly gained a good reputation 
among local wheelmen, the brothers giving 
special attention to the manufacture of bi- 
cycles that would give their riders no trou- 
ble. These machines are attractive in de- 
sign and light, yet are strong and reliable. 
The firm also makes a specialty of fine re- 
pair work of every description. An idea of 
the growth of this concern can be gained 
from the statement that it now keeps con- 
stantly employed a force of thirty skilled 
workmen. 



Sidway Pedal Patent. 

Letters patent were last week granted to 
W. J. Grotenhuis of the Sidway Mfg. Co., 
240 West Lake street, Chicago, for the latest 
pattern of the S. & G. combination stirrup 
pedal and toe clip. This pedal, which is 
illustrated herewith, is well known to the 
trade and is meeting with a wide sale. The 
Grotenhuis patent is broad. Its claims are 
as follows: 

1. In a pedal of the class described, the 
combination of a base-plate, a flexible cover 
secured thereto so as to form a space in 
which the rider's foot may bs inserted, and 
a spring with one end secured to the base- 
plate and the other end pivotally secured to 
the cover to assist in maintaining it in its 
operative condition, substantially as de- 
scribed. 

2. In a pedal of the class described, the 




combination of a base-plate, a flexible cover 
formed of leather or similar material ad- 
justably secured to the base-plate and pro- 
viding between it and the base-p'.ate a space 
for the Insertion of the rider's foot, and a 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



Vi 



sustaining' spring with one end secured to 
tiie base-plate and ttie other end pivotally 
secured to the cover portion or the upper 
side thereof so as to assist in maintaining- 
such cover in operative condition, substan- 
tially as described. 



Automatic Chain Brush. 

The Automatic Chain Bru^ Co., 16 North 
Canal street, Chicago, has issued under the 
caption "The Book About the Brush" a very 
tastily compiled and printed booklet de- 




W/fi:>^€^c/^0£ 



scribing the Automatic chain brush and pre- 
senting numerous reproductions of testimo- 
nial letters recommending the chain brush. 
The brochure is a typical example of mod- 
ern "old style" typography and contains in- 
teresting matter concerning the care of 
chains. The chain brush which is thus ad- 
vertised is shown in the accompanying illus- 
tration. The method of attachment to the 
bicycle frame and the manner in which the 
brushes operate on the upper run of chain 
Is obvious. The testimonial letters printed 
are mainly from prominent road riders and 
C. R. C. members and officials. 



Tribute to Wolff-Americans. 

R. H. Wolff & Co., Ltd., of New York 
city, recently received the following unso- 
licited testimonial from A. G. Wiley, finan- 
cial secretary of the Flour City Cyclists of 
Minneapolis. The letter is self-explanatory 
and certainly speaks well for the goodness 
of Wolff- American bicycles: 

Gentlemen:— I presume that what you will 
find In this letter is an old story to you, 
but to me it is so new and unexpected tha 
I can't help telling you about it. 

My Wolff-American racer arrived about 
ten days ago, and without adjusting it or 
changing the equipment in any way except 
to put on road tires I sent it over all 
the roads around here and have 'given it the 
hardest road test that I ever gave a wheel. 
I have ridden it over all the rough roads, 
climbed every hill I have come across, par- 
ticipated in every "brush" on the road, and 
the machine has come through without the 
slightest mark, has needed neither ad.1ust- 
ment nor repairs and has run so easily, 
smoothly and with such small exertion that 
the "boys" have facetiously asked me if I 
had a motor inside the tubing. 

The bicycle is causing me some embarrass- 
ment, however, for no matter where I am, 
either Gown town or in the suburbs, when- 
ever I set it down a crowd collects which 
insists on knowing all about my mount; and 
as it generally takes from twenty to thirty 
minutes to explain all the good points of 
the machine to them I am beginning to have 
the voice and manner of an old-time stump 
orator. However, it is a very pleasant way 
of being annoyed, so I am doing all I can 
to accommodate my inquisitors. 

I have allowed many of the local expert 
riders, repairmen, manufacturers and deal- 
ers to ride my machine and some privately 
and some openly have said that it is the 
finest running, stiffest and handsomest bicy- 
cle on the market. The racing men all envy 
me, and where three weeks ago they would 
not have objected to giving me two or three 
minutes handicap in a fifteen-mile road race 
they now protest against my having more 
than one and one-half minutes. You can see 
from that what the riders' opinion of the 
bicycle is. 

I had the pleasure a week ago of taking 
apart one of your 1S96 models, and I found 
every cup and cone perfect, only a thread- 
like line to show that it hakJ not come direct 
from the factory. The frame also was in 
excellent condition. It was the best pre- 
served old bicycle I ever saw. When it was 



adjusted again everything ran perfectly. 

T could spend the rest of the afternoon 
telling you the good things which the rid- 
ing public here are saying about the ma- 
chine, but L will close, first congratulating 
you on securing such an enterprising and 
energetic agent as Mr. Haynes, whose name 
here is a guarantee of business integrity 
and whose popularity ;imong the cyclists 
is unexcelled. 



The Dwyer Folding Cycle. 

p. O. Dwyer of Danbury. Conn., originator 
of the wood handlebar and partner in the 
big Connecticut beef firm of Swift & Dwyer, 
is the inventor of a folding bicycle which, 
though little known in the United States, 
has been introduced in foreign countries for 
army use with considerable success and is 
now being employed to some extent in the 
military operations in South Africa. 

The Dwyer folding bicycle was invented 
and patented nearly three years ago. It is 
being manufactured in the United States in 
a small factory in Danbury, where the 
frames are made, but has been little ))ushed 
here because the inventor devotes most of 
his time to his meat business. The machine 
is not separable, but simp.y douliles up at 
the middle of the frame upon pressing two 
springs, thereby reducing its length by half, 
in which form it can be conveniently carried 
on the back. The springs in the frame oper- 
ate strong locking devices, so that when ex- 
tendesl for riding the machine is more rigid 
than most frames of the ordinary type. Com- 
plete it weighs only 25 pounds. The frames 
cost but $1 more to manufacture than the 
regular diamond frame. One of its special 
features is a simple device that controls the 
handlebar. By a twist of the wrist, without 
the aid of a wrench or tools of any kind, the 
bar is turned into almost any position. It is 
tightened and loosened at pleasure and does 
not get out of order. 

Mr. Dwyer has made two trips across the 
ocean in the interest of his invention, first 
to England and France, and again to Eng- 
land. He is going over to England again 
this summer. His machine has been intro- 
duced to the governments of England, 
France, Spain, Austria, Japan, India, Italy, 
Belgium and several South American coun- 
tries, and is now being tested by the United 
States government in Washington. Several 
foreign shipments have been made and the 
Invention is considered a success for its 
especial field of utility. In Germany It is 
being manufactured on a royalty by the 
toiggest manufacturing company in that 
country. 

It is said that the A. B. C. is negotiating 
with Mr. Dwyer to enter the trust, but he 
has declined with thanks. 

The demand for his machines is so large 
that the present factory can no longer sup- 
ply the demand. Mr. Dwyer says he is going 
to turn over the business to someone else 
and have the folder manufactured on an ex- 
tensive scale In a big plant. One foreign 
government has ordered 2,000 of the ma- 
chines. 



Crank Hanger Taps. 

Among other forms of special and stand- 
ard taps and screw cutting appliances made 
for cycle repairers by Holroyd & Co. of 
Waterford, N. Y., the company is now pre- 
pared to furnish in pairs of right and left 




threads, crank hanger taps such as here 
illustrated. The taps are cross bored through 
the stock for the reception of a rod to sup- 
ply sufficient turning leverage and control 
when being used. 



furnishing emi)loyment U) IKO men, who turn 
out an average of 150 bicycles every 24 hours. 
The machines are shipped to all sections of 
the country arfd some are made on foreign 
orders. Manager Rempi)is say.-; liis (■()mi>any 
has never in its history been as busy as now. 

Combined Stand and Pump. 

The accompanying illustration shows a 
combination article that will doubtless 
strike rider, dealer and repairer alike as be- 
ing extremely convenient. It is called Blen- 
ner's combination portable bicycle stand and 
pump, is made by the Knterprlse Machine 
Works, :{0S North Fifth street, Richmond. 
Va., and is exactly what its name signifies— 
a combination stand and pump. The stand 
will hold a bicycle by either front or rear 
wheel so that either tire may be inflated 
While the machine is held erect by the 
stand. The stand may be used wherever 
either cycle starid or pump is used and of- 
fers the same convenience in all places. 
Either a single or a double action pump will 
be furnished; the latter ha» the rubber tube 
connection at the top. The pump may be 




fastened to either side foot of the stand as 
desired by the user. The ,-ntire stand and 
pump occupy but little more space than does 
the ordinary plain floor stand. 



A Busy Bicycle Plant. 

One of the busiest bicycle plants in East- 
ern Pennsylvania is the Reading Standard, 
says a local paper. It is running double time. 



INFORMATION BREVITIES 

Letters patent have been granted to W, H. 
Fauber of Chicago for the well known Fau- 
ber eccentric crank bracket. 

The Canada Cycle & Motor Co.. Ltd.. of 
Toronto, Canada, is issuing every week a 
seven column sheet for agents and dealers. 
The paper is brightly gotten up and is called 
the Assistant Manager. 

The E. P. Breckenridge Co., of Toledo, is 
arranging to separate its bicycle lamp de- 
partment from the tin can factory, as each 
industry has grown to such an appreciable 
extent as to require more room. 

The HIighwater Mfg. Co., 605 Thirty-first 
street. Chicago, desires the addresses of 
bicycle dealers throughout the country that 
it may correspond with them regarding the 
handling of the Highwater pants cuff. 

The Armstrong Durst Machine Works of 
Three Rivers. Mich., expects to be in run- 
ning order this week and its six spoke swag- 
ing machines will enable it to turn out 20.000 
bicycle spokes a day. The company is far 
behind with its orders, and a night and day 
force will be employed. 

Last week letters patent were allowed 
C. H. Melvin of St. Paul for the coaster 
brake known in the trade as the Melvin 
and which is controlled by F. M. Smith & 
Bro., 325 Wabasha street. Si. Paul. This 
brake was described in a recent installment 
of the Cycle Age series of articles "Prob- 
lem of the Coaster Brake." 

Among the most recently issued cata- 
logues of bicycles and l)icy<le materials is 
that of Nathan Hanford of Ithaca. N. Y. 
This booklet contains a comidete line of 
cycle sundries and specialties, guns, fishing 
tackle and other sportsmen's goods and il- 
lustrated descriptions of the various models 
of Acadian and Rapidon bicycles handled by 
the house. 



74 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



THE PASTIME AND SPORT 



Elkes' Defeat of Edouard Taylor. 

A cablegram from Paris announces 
that Harry Elkes defeated Edouard Tay- 
lor in a one-hour match race on the 
Prince track last Sunday. This was his 
first race in France and coming as it 
does so soon after Taylor's wonderful 
ride of 38 miles 1,255 yards in the hour, 
as described in another column of this 
department, will undoubtedly raise the 
stock of the plucky young American high 
above par both at home and abroad. To 
defeat the best man at the hour in 
Europe in his initial race outside of his 
own country will surely greatly encour- 
age the man to whom we now look more 
than to any other to uphold the honor 
of our flag at the coming world's cham- 
pionship at the international exposition. 
His success goes a long way to prove the 
wisdom of a long course of careful train- 
ing at the place where the races are to 
occur before entering into competition. 

Full details of the race will not ar- 
rive by mail for about two weeks, but 
from the dispatches received it appears 
that Elkes led Taylor over the tape by 
fully 150 yards. A strong wind was blow- 
ing during the race and the pace was 
made by gasoline tandems instead of by 
the faster tricycles, so that Elkes covered 
only 34 miles 800 yards in the hour. 

Motor tandem pace was requested by 
Elkes because his new tricycle was not 
ready for use. 

Taylor led at the start but Elkes over- 
hauled and passed him at thirty kilome- 
at the start, but Elkes overhauled him 
and passed him & about -thk-ty kilome- 
ters and from then to the enf maintained 
his lead. Whether the victory is in any 
degree due to accidents to the French 
champion remains to be learned from 
mail advices. Great interest was mani- 
fested in the meeting of the hour cham- 
pions of the two hemispheres and a 
crowd variously estimated at from 10,000 
to 15,000 attended the race. The two are 
to meet in a return match next Sunday, 
May 20, and both will compete in the 
Berlin four days' race to be run May 
24 to 27 inclusive. 

Good Prizes Attract the Cracks. 

The unprecedented offer of cash, dia- 
monds, bicycles and other good prizes ag- 
gregating $2,500 by the Detroit Cycle 
Board of Trade for the professional and 
amateur road races over the Belle Isle 
course on Decoration day has attracted 
widespread attention in racing circles 
throughout the country. Inquiries for 
entry blanks have been received from 
points as far away as Massachusetts, 
Colorado and Texas. An unexpectedly 
large proportion of the entries so far re- 
ceived has been from professional rid- 
ers. The first place prize for the fifteen- 
mile professional handicap is $100 in gold 
and the first time prize $150 in gold, so 
that it may well be worth while for the 
crack racing men to journey to Detroit 
from Fountain Ferry, as some of them 
are considering doing, in the hope of 
winning one of these prizes. Altogether 
there is a total of $410 in gold put up for 
this race, in which the professionals will 
not be riding for any of their own money, 
as in a sweepstakes race, for with only 

. twenty-five entries required by the pro- 
moters and an entry fee of but $3 each, 
the aggregate thus brought in would be 
but $75. 

An even more valuable prize list is of- 
fered for the amateur twenty-mile handi- 
cap, the first time prize being a $100 dia- 
mond and first place prize a $75 diamond; 
after these leading prizes come two other 



diamonds, a silver trophy, eleven bicycles 
and thirty-one other minor prizes. 

The course has been surveyed by the 
city engineer's staff and the accuracy of 
the distance is guaranteed. The park 
authorities are working on the roads now 
and will have them in first-class condi- 
tion by May 30. The grades at the ap- 
proaches of the three bridges on the 
course will be changed so that the riders 
can take them at nearly or quite full 
speed. It is thought that the time of the 
professionals will be near the 30-minute 
mark, while the amateurs should make 
their twenty miles inside of 45 minutes. 

The referee will probably be a well 
known Chicago man. More than half of 
the judges, timers, handicappers and 
other officials will be from outside of 
Detroit, so that outside riders will not 
feel that there is any chance of local rid- 
ers being favored. Every precaution is 
being taken by the management to secure 
accuracy at the finish and justice to every 
rider. 

For entry blanks, prize lists and other 
information address Chas. F. U. Kelly, 
305 Woodward avenue, Detroit. 

The time for closing entries for both 
races has been extended to May 25. 

Drainage Canal Speedway Favored. 

Chicago wheelmen who, through the 
Associated Cycling Clubs, are earnestly 
endeavoring to secure the construction of 
a bicycle and automobile way along the 
new drainage canal, have sufficient cause 
for elation in the passage of resolutions 
favoring the project, first by the board of 
aldermen of the city on May 7 and a week 
later by the board of trustees of the san- 
itary district having charge of all canal 
affairs. As first proposed, the scheme con- 
templated merely a bicycle path along 
the bank of the canal from Chicago to 
Lockport, but the automobilists and car- 
riage owners came in for consideration 
and the plan was enlarged from various 
directions until it begins to look as if it 
will finally materialize in a fine boulevard 
or speedway over which bicycle and auto- 
mobile races may be run and which, like 
the Sheridan road, will become a popular 
pleasure driveway. As all the necessary 
materials for building and macadamizing 
such a highway are right at hand in the 
refuse from the excavating of the canal, 
the construction should be comparatively 
cheap. 

Such a speedway will form a good out- 
let from the city on the way southwest 
to points in the Illinois river valley and 
may some day be one of the links in the 
highway projected from the Atlantic 
westward to the Rocky mountains. 

To date no definite plan of construc- 
tion has been announced or suggested, 
but presumably it is contemplated to 
have the roadway located immediately on 
the bank of the big ditch between the 
mountainous rows of bare dirt on either 
side of the water course. A much more 
pleasing arrangement, although perhaps 
a more expensive one because of "the 
bridges it would necessitate, would be to 
build the speedway along the crest of one 
of these continuous rows of refuse. Then, 
instead of the users of the roadway rid- 
ing constantly in a small sized canyon, 
they could see for miles over attractive 
country from the elevation and be fanned 
by cooling breezes during the hot sum- 
mer months when the road would be 
most used. 



Jack Prince promises to have his New 
England Coliseum Circuit, embracing- New 
Haven, Hartford, Springfield and Worcester, 
completed for opening by May SO. 



Object to Indoor Races. 

The arrangements made by Frank Van 
Valkenburgh and T. J. Sullivan of Mil- 
waukee to hold the races at the national 
meet of the L. A. W. on an indoor track 
in the Exposition building, which has 
been leased for the purpose, has been 
strenuously objected to by other members 
of the Wisconsin division, who character- 
ize the plan to run a July race meet on a 
ten-lap board track in the stifling atmos- 
phere of a closed building as ridiculous 
in the extreme. In defense of the selec- 
tion of the Exposition building, however, 
it is asserted that owing to the failure of 
promoters who proposed building outdoor 
tracks to make a proposition in writing, 
the selection of the big downtown build- 
ing was deemed the best solution to the 
problem, which was in a measuie compli- 
cated by the fact that the Business Men's 
League is backing the L. A. W. financial- 
ly and has a powerful voice in the matter ' 
of arrangements. The building, it is fur- 
ther claimed, is well ventilated and can 
be kept cool even in July. 

The program of the races to be held in 
conjunction with the meet but under the 
auspices and rules of the National Cy- 
cling Association, has been completed by 
George Greenburg, of the board of control 
for this district, and is printed below. A 
big effort is to be made to get amateurs 
to compete in the first annual interna- 
tional championship contests which the 
International Cyclists' Union, formed last 
month in Paris, will hold during the week 
of August 12. Trials are to be held at 
Milwaukee, but prizes wiH not be paid to 
the riders unless they agree to represent 
the N. C. A. in the international cham- 
pionship races. The money won under 
such a pledge will be held in trust until 
the departure of the rider is assured. 

National Meet Program. 

Following is the complete program, the 
money prize in the amateur events repre- 
senting trophies of the value named: 
THURSDAY, July 12. 

Professional — National championship, third 
mile; prizes, $150, $75 and $25. Cream City 
haridlcap, two miles; prizes, $100, $50, $20 and 
$10. 

Amateur— I. C. U. trial, one mile; first 
prize, $150; the winner to be the rider scoring 
most points in the three I. C. U. trials, 
counting four for first, two for second and 
one for third; each trial to be limited to 
three starters; second prize to be given the 
rider with a total score next to' that of the 
winner, $35; third prize, to be won under 
similar conditions, $25. 

Two-thirds mile handicap; prizes, $35, $20 
and $10. 

FRIDAY, JULY 13. 

Professional — Circuit championship, one 
mile; prizes, $100, $60 and $40. 

Third-mile handicap; prizes, $100, $50, $20, 
and $10. 

Two-fifteen class; prizes. $50, $20, $10. 

Middle distance match, fifteen miles; 
prizes, first $150, second $100; winners Friday 
and Saturday nights to ride in the supple- 
mentary meet Sunday night. 

Amateur— I. C. U. trial, third-mile. Dorn- 
er handicap, two miles; prizes, $35, $20, $10. 
SATURDAY, JULY 14. 

Professional — National championship, two 
miles; prizes, $150, $75, $25. 

Sanger handicap, one mile; prizes, $100, 
$50, $20, $10. 

Professional middle distance match, fifteen 
miles; prize, first $150, second $100. 

Amateur— I. C. U. trial, two miles. Third- 
mile handicap;, prizes, $35, $20, $10. 

SUNDAY NIGHT. JULY 1.5. 

Professional— Third-mile dash; prizes, $100, 
$50. $25. Middle distance match, one hour; 
prizes, first $250, second $150. 

Amateur— One mile open; prizes, $35, $20, 
$10. 








CYCLE AGE OFFICE, MAY J7, t900 



Special 
Numbers 



The first issue of the Cycle 
Age in each month hereafter, 
commencing June 6, will con- 
stitute a Special Dealers' Trade 
Number of increased size and 
interest. 

Subscriptions for the . . . 

Twelve 
Numbers 

will be accepted at the rate of 

One Dollar. 



Information for Buyers will 
be one of the prominent fea- 
tures. 

Hints for repairmen, me- 
chanical topics, dealers' doings, 
profuse illustiations and a sum- 
mary of the previous month's 
events will form part of the 
contents. 

The circulation of the June 
6 number will cover 



Every 
Dealer in 
New England 



whose name appears on the 
Cycle Age's records, beside the 
regular list. 

■ For the fir-t of these Special 
Numbers there will be no in- 
crease in advertising rates. 



Monon BIdg. 



THE CYCLE AGE 

CHICAQO 



ADVERTISING ADVICE 

A prominent advertiser recently stated 
the case in this way: It is unquestion- 
ably the fact that judicious advertising 
will enable a manufacturer to charge a 
higher price for the goods he advertises 
than can be obtained for goods of like 
quality which have not been advertised. 
The effect of advertising, also, is to in- 
crease the amount of sales. If, then, a 
suflSciently increased price can be ob- 
tained to pay for the advertising, the 



money received from increased sales 
should be clear gain. 

Too many advertisers look upon their 
advertising as mere expense, and seem to 
think that the advertising can be in- 
creased or decreased at will without ma- 
terially affecting the sales or the prices of 
the goods. In this light the opinion re- 
cently expressed by a member of the Van 
Camp Packing Company is interesting. 
This gentleman says that his company re- 
gards advertising as much a part of the 
manufacturing cost of the goods as any 
other item; that they would just as soon 
think of leaving so many beans out of a 
can of their famous pork and beans as 
they would think of leaving off the ad- 
vertising necessary to dispose of the prod- 
uct. — Advertising Experience. 



CYaE AGE LEASES 

The Cycle Age lease has been adopted 
in all parts of the country and has never 
been successfully attacked. 

A sample will be forwarded on applica- 
tion. 

Annual subscribers to the Cycle Age are 
supplied with blank leases without 
charge. 

ENCOURAGING GOOD READING 

The following self-explanatory notice 
has been posted in the work rooms of H. 
W. Caldwell & Co.'s large factory in Chi- 
cago, and, as they report, the response 
to the offer has been highly satisfactory: 

"We believe that a number of our em- 
ployes would like to take regularly one 
or more of the technical papers published 
in the interests of the machinists' trade, 
and as we believe that an active and in- 
telligent interest by our own men should 
be encouraged and would result in quite 
as much benefit to ourselves as to them, 
we are willing to do our part in placing 
such trade papers in their hands. We 
are willing to pay half the cost of sub- 
scription to any trade paper that any of 
our employes may select, and in making 
this offer we do so, not in the nature of 
a gift, but believing that our share in 
the benefit will be fully equal to that re- 
ceived by the men. 

"In case the number of subscribers to 
any one paper is enough to secure the 
benefit of club rates, the amount of sub- 
scription paid by the men will be one- 
half of such club rate and not one-half 
of the full subscription rate. 

"Anyone wishing to take advantage of 
this offer will please notify Mr. Sisson or 
Mr. Wright." 



DISPLAY CARDS 

FOR YOUR STORE WINDOWS 



9 




:ffiiii^i9ni$e!imHHng^2S!isnKiiesi^nH)HHiS!»iis@ 



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Supplied Dealers witbotil charge. Send 
stamp to cover postage. 

Electros, single column width, for n.se 
in your local advertising, .50 cents. 



ANTI- TRUST STICKERS 

when applied to a bicycle frame they 
look like this : 




Supplied In various colors without 
charge. Your cu!^tomers will use 
them freely. Send stamp for postage 

THE CYCLE AGE, Monon BIdg., Chicago 



76 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



WORLD RECORDS WIPED OUT 



NJSARI/V THIRTY-NINE MII/ES CROWD- 
ED INTO THE HOUR 



Taylor and Bouhours Create New Titnes to 

loo Kilometers in Open Race 

in Paris. 



All world's records from ten to one 
hundred kilometers, Including the records 
by miles from ten to sixty and the world's 
hour record, were broken in the great 
100-kilometer paced race on the Prince 
track in Paris on April 29. Although the 
race was finally won by Bouhours, the 
hour record and all those below it belong 
to Edouard Taylor, by whose marvelous 
riding almost two miles was added to 
his best previous record of 36 miles 1,695 
yards, made April 8. 

Perfect weather combined with a fine 
entry list for the race, in which the prizes 
were $200, $120, $80, $50, $30 and $20, at- 
tracted a crowd of 10.000 spectators, who 
during the progress of the race became 
wildly enthusiastic. 

Taylor Leads From the Start. 

Edouard Taylor, Bouhours, Bauge, Wal- 
ters, The, Leonard, Andresse, Fossier, 
Doiia, Chatelain and Oliver started at the 
pistol shot. Taylor promptly took the 
lead and, being splendidly paced by Vas- 
seur on his powerful motor tricycle, had 
gained almost 200 meters advance at the 
end of the first lap. Bauge finished the 
first lap in second place, followed by Bou- 
hours. Walters, who did not start with 
such a rush as the others, began slowly 
gaining on the leaders, and soon, amid 
great applause, passed Bouhours and 
Bauge. Seeing this, Taylor increased his 
speed, and at the tenth kilometer had 
three-quarters of a lap advance over the 
Englishman. At this distance Bauge's 
ten-kilometer record was broken by four- 
fifths of a second, and when ten miles 
was completed the record for that dis- 
tance had been cut down by just one sec- 
ond. Continuing his remarkable riding, 
Taylor passed every one on the track 
and lapped Walters at the twentieth kilo- 
meter, not, however, before having been 
very hard pressed by the Englishman, 
who kept his French rival going on the 
outside of the track for almost two laps. 

His I^eadlng Rivals Have Accidents. 

At the twentieth mile Bauge was lapped 
for the second time, while Bouhours, hav- 
ing been delayed by an accident to his 
tire, was fourth. At forty kilometers 
Walters was also lapped for the second 
time, he, too, having sustained several 
accidents both to his own machine and 
his pacing tricycle. Just as Taylor lapped 
him his tricycle stopped, and before he 
could get going behind a fresh one he 
had lost more than a lap and had been 
passed by Bauge and even by Bouhours. 
After a moment of discouragement, but 
cheered by the crowd, he again leaned 
down over his bars and went ahead as 
fast as ever. 

Almost Thirty-Nine Miles in the Hour. 

Meantime Taylor continued to ride be- 
hind his speedy pacing machine as stead- 
ily as a high speed engine, showing no 
sign of fatigue and pounding away at the 
world's records. At the pistol shot mark- 
ing the end of the hour the crowd became 
silent and for a few moments nothing 
was heard but the noise of the tricycles 
and the commands of the trainers. But 
when the announcer made it know.n that 
Taylor had covered 62 kilometers 313 
meters, or 38 miles l,255i4 yards, in the 
sixty minutes, the crowd went frantic 
with enthusiasm. 

Discouraged by Troubles. 

But Taylor had to have his troubles, 
too. Just before the seventieth kilometer 
a rear tire of Vasseur's tricycle exploded; 



in less than fifteen seconds a motor tan- 
dem was substituted and was going as 
hard as possible, but this was not the sort 
of pacing the speedy Frenchman needed 
for breaking world's records and he fol- 
lowed it reluctantly. Bouhours, Bauge 
and Walters all were now going faster 
than Taylor and were gaining steadily on 
him, but, after being quickly repaired, 
Vasseur's tricycle was again brought out 
for Taylor and he began again to go like 
a locomotive. But his troubles were not 
ended. About the seventy-third kilometer 
one of the tires of his own machine ex- 
ploded and he had to change to another 
mount, which did not fit him and was not 
properly geared. This began to discour- 
age him and, after continuing until the 
fifty miles were completed, he sat up and 
on the following lap dismounted. Al- 
though the spectators clamored for him 
to go on, he did not respond. 

Bouhours W ns the Race. 

Bauge, owing to the puncturing of a 
tire, had lost a lap, and now Bouhours 
was in the lead, Walters having dropped 
far behind. During the last few kilo- 
meters there was a splendid fight be- 
tween Bauge and Bouhours, the former 
coming back quite strong in the last few 
laps. But Bouhours won the race, finish- 
ing the 100 kilometers in 1:39:13 3-5, 
breaking his own former world's record 
of 1:48:50 by ^Vz minutes. Bauge fin- 
ished second one lap behind, Walters was 
third at seven laps to the bad, and An- 
dresse was fourth at nineteen laps. 



TEAM WORK IN LOUISVILLE 



New Records Created. 

The new world's records made. 



by 



kilometers and miles, are given in the 
lollowing table: 



Kilom. Time. 


Holder. 


Former r'c'rd 


. Holder. 


10. 


. . 9:332/-,. . 


..E. Taylor. 


... 9:37%.. 


.Bauge 


20. 


.. 19:06%.. 


. .E. Taylor. 


... 19:52%.. 


.E. Taylor 


30. 


.. '^.8:43 .. 


. .E. Taylor. 


.. 29:38%.. 


E. Taylor 


40 


.. 38:19%.. 


. .E. Taylor. 


.. 40:35%... 


.E. Taylor 


50. 


.. 48:01%. • 


. .E. Taylor 


- 50:40%,. . 


.E. Taylor 


60. 


.. 57:47%.. 


..E.Taylor. 


..1:00:30%... 


. E. Taylor 


70. 


..1:08:46%.. 


. E. Taylor. 


.1:12:43%... 


.Bouhours 


80 


..1:19:21%.. 


..E.Taylor. 


.1:23:17 ... 


.Bouhours 


90 


. .1:29:33%. . 


. .Bouhours. 


...1:37:40 ... 


.Bouhours 


100. 


..1:39:13?^ . 


. .Bouhours. 


...1:48:50%... 


.Bouhours 


Miles 








10. 


.. 15:25%.. 


. .E. Taylor. 


.. 15:25%... 


H. Elkes 


20. 


.. 30:17%.. 


. E. Taylor. 


.. 31:55%.. 


.H. Elkes 


30. 


.. 46:24 .. 


. .E Taylor. 


.. 48:56%... 


.H. Elkes 


40. 


..1:00:59%.. 


..E. Ta.lor 






50. 


..1:19:27%.. 

NOW FC 


..E.Taylor. 


.1:23:45%... 


Bouhours 




)RMALLY ORGANIZED 



New Canadian Association Adopts Constitu- 
tion and Elects Officers. 



The new Canadian Cyclists' Association 
was formally organized in Montreal on 
May 7, at a meeting attended by dele- 
gates from eleven cycling clubs. The 
chair was occupied by George Tate, for- 
mer chief consul for the C. W. A., and 
Arthur Ware acted as secretary. Aftci- 
the adoption of a constitution the follow- 
ing officers were elected: 

President, George Tate, Montreal, vice- 
president, D. J. Kelly, Toronto; secre- 
tary, W. J. Guilbault, Voltigeurs; treas- 
urer, J. C. Gaisson, Montagnard. An ex- 
ecutive committee was also elected and a 
Dominion board of control selected to act 
until June 30, after which the annual 
meeting will be held at the same place as 
the Dominion meet, on July 1. The C. C. 
A. will take over the control of racing ex- 
clusively and will co-operate with the N. 
C. A. There will be a board of control 
for each province. 



Several of the champions of the cycle path 
liave become experts at golf and these rider.s 
spend hours daily at Fountain Ferry knoclt- 
ing the ball around in the green track cen- 
ter. Downing, Freeman. McFarland and 
Stevens became golfing enthusiasts this win- 
ter in ("alifornia and ha-,':- aroused tiie inter- 
est of the other riders in the game. Tem- 
Iiorary links are being arranged for the en- 
joyment of the sport. 



McPARI/AND HEI^FS STEVENS WIN 
BOTH PROPESSIONAIv EVENTS 



.Kimble Runs Second and Newhouse Third 

in Each— Frank Denny Wins 

Amateur Races. 



Louisville, May 14. — The "I and Stevie" 
combination was too strong for the other 
star professionals at Sunday's races at 
Fountain Ferry, which attracted about 
800 spectators. After being paced into 
the home stretch by McFarland in both 
of the professional events, Stevens 
jumped out and crossed the tape a win- 
ner, not, however, without a hard brush 
with Owen Kimble, who took second in 
each. Al Newhouse also made a good 
showing and ran third In each, while Mc- 
Farland, who had done the donkey work 
for his partner, "also ran" in both races. 
Bald and Kiser did not race, but Cooper 
rode in better form than the Sunday be- 
fore, j^ 

Cooper Wins His Heat. 

Cooper won the first heat of the mile 
open from McFarland, with Kimble third. 
The second heat was won by Stevens 
from Newhouse. These five qualified for 
the final, the first heat being the faster 
and thus allowing Kimble in. The final 
went to Stevens in 2:17 1-5. 

Stevens, who started from scratch in 
the half-mile handicap with McFarland, 
won in :59, while Kimble took second 
from thirty yards and Newhouse third 
from twenty. Cooper, Rutz, Maya, New- 
kirk and Stone also started. 

Denny's Fast Handicap Win. 

Frank Denny of Buffalo made a fine 
showing in the amateur ranks by win- 
ning the amateur third-mile handicap 
from scratch in the excellent time of :41, 
and the two-thirds mile open in 1:29 1-5. 
In the former race William Roberts, from 
fifteen yards, ran second, and Ped Hick- 
man, the southern champion, third from 
the same mark. The order was the same 
in the open event. 

The report that the racing men are to 
leave Louisville for Canada is unfounded. 

The stars will leave Louisville this 
week for other places. McFarland goes to 
Newark; Kiser, Cooper and Rutz will 
join Hausman and Nelson at Cincinnati, 
and Maya, Stone, Newhouse and Newkirk 
will remain for a time. Kimble, after his 
showing Sunday, will probably go east. 



Bizio Wins in Italy. 

Many prominent foreigners took part 
in the big scratch race at Turin, Italy, 
on the 29th of April. Tommaselli. Bixio, 
Momo, Ferrari, Meyers, Magli, Pisini and 
Eros qualified for the semi-finals, in 
which Meyers defeated Ferrari and Tom- 
maselli, and Bixio won from Eros and 
Momo. In the final Meyers took the lead 
and kept it until 200 meters from the 
tape, when Bixio rushed ahead and, sur- 
prising his companions, won by two 
lengths from Ferrari and Meyers. 

Otto Meyer, who last season was one of 
the best amateur riders in Germany, 
made his appearance as a professional at 
Cologne on the 29th of last month, and 
won his first race from Willy Arend and 
F. Verheyen by fully two lengths. 



Jack Prince in New England. 

Springfield, Mass., May 14. — Jack Prince 
is one of the promoters of an ambitious 
scheme to establish a night racing cir- 
cuit to include such New England cities 
as Worcester, Springfield, Hartford, New 
Haven and Bridgeport. Motor pacing 
would be used. The plan carries with it 
the building of a board track in Spring- 
field. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



77 



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CHICAGO 



78 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



VAILSBURG'S CAPACITY TAXED 



I^argfe Sunday Crowd Sees Fisher and Saton 
Win Handicaps— Collett a Winner. 



Newark, N. J., May 14. — Interest in cy- 
cle racing is increasing in this city ot 
bicycle speed enthusiasts. Manager Voigt 
says there were 500 more people in at- 
tendance at Vailsburg yesterday than 
there were a week ago Sunday, when it 
is reported that the figures were 4,400. If 
such crowds keep up, it is incumbent on 
the owner of the track to provide more 
liberal seating capacity and not compel 
several thousand persons to stand within 
the enclosure and sit on the edges of the 
track itself. 

The crowd saw some fast riding, by 
long markers and previous novices — a tri- 
fle too fast for the scratch men to more 
than nibble at the prizes. 

The final of the half-mile professional 
handicap, through the results of the 
trials, rather placed the scratch men at a 
disadvantage; for they left Freeman and 
Kramer at scratch, Fisher at fifteen yards 
and no one nearer to them than the fifty- 
yard mark, Freeman and Kramer having 
qualified by winning heats in 1:01 and 
1 : 03. Eaton did not appear to try, though 
his heat was won in one minute flat. At 
the pistol Fisher dug out for fair and by 
fine riding caught the bunch. Freeman 
hung fire an instant on the back stretch 
and Kramer jumped him. Last year's am- 
ateur champion rode unpaced like a fiend 
for a lap, but had to sit up baked before 
he could reach the bunch. Fisher (15) 
won in 1:01 2-5, with Dan Kreamer (65) 
second, S. D. Williams (60) third, and F. 
D. White (50) fourth. 

The scratch men — Kramer, Freemau 
and Eaton — ruined the five-mile handicap 
as a race by disputing or loafing over the 
pace until the 35Qry»rd limit, men— Saxon 
WtHiams, Joe Jndge and Dan -Rraemer — 
caught them. Judge could not hang on, 
and all the other two had to do was to 
hold on to the bunch and take first and 
second money. The bell was, of course, 
for Williams and Kraemer; but most of 
the bunch, including such wily racers as 
Freeman and Downing, set sail to make a 
finish at that lap. Of course the long- 
headed Eaton saw his chance, lay back, 
sprinted on the second bell and landed 
third money, with McEachern (150) 
fourth. Dan Kreamer (350) won in 11:20, 
with Saxon Williams (350) second. 

The amateur unlimited Australian pur- 
suit race, with seven starters, all good 
stayers and pluggers, of whom much was 
expected, panned out poorly. At two 
miles Blucker, King and Jacobson alone 
were left in. When King caught Blucker 
he sat up and allowed "Jake" to overtake 
him. The distance was 3 miles 2% laps, 
and the time 8:34. 

The half-mile amateur open fell to Col- 
lett in 1:14 2-5, with Jacobson second, 
Babb third and Lake fourth. A very 
speedy trio in Mont Rutter, C. G. Emble- 
ton and William Dobbins showed up in 
the 100-yard novice mark in the mile 
handicap. They finished in this order in 
the fast time of 1:59, even considering 
their 100-yard handicap. Billington (120) 
was fourth. All the newcomers seem to 
be a speedy lot; for Clarence Satchell 
won the quarter-mile novice in 32 2-5 sec- 
onds. 

The meeting of Collett and Denny, the 
new Buffalo amateur crack now at Louis- 
ville, is awaited here with much interest. 
Freeman and Eaton are matched to 
ride mile heats next Sunday for a purse 
of $100 and $25 a side. 



Call on Parliament for Help. 

Cyclists all over England are forming 
organizations for the purpose of urging 
upon the government legislation favora- 
ble to their interests. They complain 
chiefly of the manner in which they are 



treated by the railway companies in the 
matter of transportation of bicycles. On 
the vast majority of British lines no pro- 
vision whatever is made for the proper 
carrying of bicycles, while the companies 
charge exorbitant prices and refuse to be 
liable for any damage done. There are 
many notable persons among the wheel- 
men and wheelwomen of England, and it 
is anticipated that they will succeed in 
forcing parliament to act against what 
they term the tyranny and injustice of 
railway monopolies. 



IN AND AROUND NEW YORK 



Secretary Bull Resigns Office— Will Brown 
After looo-Mile Road Record. 



PORTER DEFEATS NELSON 



Chicago BzrAntateur Makes an Unfortunate 
Debnt in Paced Uatch at Cincinnati. 



John Nelson's debut into the profes- 
sional ranks last Sunday at Cincinnati, 
when he met Charles Porter in a twenty- 
five-mile paced match race, was far from 
being so successful as that of Frank Kra- 
mer at Vailsburg on the 6th. Porter won 
by five lengths in 56:50 2-5. Both were 
unfortunate in their pacing, Nelson's ma- 
chine going wrong at three miles and 
Porter's at four and a half. Impromptu 
tandem pacing was substituted. 

With this race was inaugurated Sunday 
racing in Cincinnati and as the notelty of 
motor pacing drew a fair attendance, the 
promoters are encouraged to make Cin- 
cinnati one of a number of cities in which 
regular race meets will be held through 
the coming summer. 



Tearing Committee's Good Work. 

Unusual, and for that reason, especially 
commendable, efforts are being made by 
the new touring committee of the L. A. 
W. to be ofservice to members. Besides 
furnishing replies to queries, the commit- 
tee will issue from t^e to time extended 
routes between cities. The first of these 
appears in the form of a route from New 
York to Milwaukee, by way of Elizabeth, 
Delaware Water Gap, Scranton, Towanda, 
Elmira, Buffalo, Fort Erie, Delhi, Port 
Huron, Imlay, Lyons, Grand Rapids and 
Grand Haven. The old plan of furnishing 
maps, which no one could understand, 
and which are always getting out of date, 
has been replaced by that of sending out 
printed on "galley slips" a straightfor- 
ward story of the ride with the turns to 
make. In the slips sent out the charac- 
ter of the country and the riding and the 
distance between all towns is given. 
Where the route is direct the names of 
the towns are given one after another in 
rapid order, but full details are put in 
where riders are apt to lose their way. 



Wheelmen Finally Victorious. 

Springfield, Mass., May 14. — The bill 
requiring Massachusetts railroads to 
carry bicycles as baggage when the fare 
exceeds ten cents, which was passed to 
be engrossed last week, is a memorable 
victory for wheelmen who have worked 
for four years for the end just accomp- 
lished. Another decisive victory scored 
last week was the passage to be en- 
grossed of the bill to repeal the law 
giving to park commissioners the right 
to make rules governing wheelmen. 
Under the law in question wheelmen 
claim that there was nothing to prevent 
the unjust and unnecessary abridgment 
of their rights, an instance being the 
peremptory lantern regulations adopted 
by the Boston park commissioners last 
summer. 

C. C. Holzel, the crack amateur who broke 
several records in Spokane last fall, expects 
to leave in a few weeks for a visit In his 
native land. Saxony. He will sail from New 
York in the early part of June and will be 
back in Spokane by the end of September. 
He has already begun training for some 
cycling events while abroad. He may be in 
conipetJtlon at the Parig exposition. 



New York, May 14. — Secretary William 
S. Bull, of the New York state division, 
L. A. W., has tendered his resignation of 
oflOice to take effect when his successor 
shall be appointed. It seems to have 
been a purely business move on his part, 
even though friction has been known to 
exist. Chief Consul W. J. Belding h-^s been 
looking for some enthusiast willing to 
work practically for the love he bears 
the league, and is said to have found such 
a one in J. F. Clarke, of this city, who is 
slated for the appointment. 

Will H. Brown, the long distance road 
record breaker of the Nassau Wheelmen, 
started Saturday on a 3,000-mile record 
ride over Long Island roads. He will be 
entirely leg paced by singles, tandems 
and multicycles, the original scheme of 
motor pace having been abandoned. His 
weight was 150 pounds at the start and 
he will adhere strictly to a vegeta]:ian 
diet. . •« 

At 3:11 this afternoon Will Brown fin- 
ished his 600th mile. He is now in good 
condition and very close to the record. 
His centuries were covered as follows: 
One hundred miles in 5:31:00, 200 miles 
in 12:57:00, 300 miles in 22:48:00, 400 
miles in 31:18:00, 500 miles in 39:10:00. 

Mrs. E. R. Bayne, a New York woman, 
started on a long ride yesterday at 12:30 
p. m. When Brown finished his sixth 
century at 3:11 p. m. today she had cov- 
ered 225 miles. 

No more successful club devoted ex- 
clusively to bicycle riding exists in the 
metropolitan district than the local Cen- 
tury Road Club. It has a club house 
and 300 members, all enthusiastic riders 
ready for a century at every chance. At 
club meetings the entire membership at- 
tends and has its say in the good, old- 
fashioned bicycle club way. More than 
200 of them rode a century Sunday. 

Decoration day hereabouts promises to 
be of the old sort in racing. The Irving- 
ton-Milburn will be run again this year 
under E. L. Blauvelt's management, and 
sanctions have already been granted for 
meets at Vailsburg, Asbury Park, Tren- 
ton, Bergen Point and Newburg, with 
probabilities of meets at Berkeley Oval 
and Red Bank as well. 



NEWS IN BRIEF. 

There is a prospect of a revival this year 
of the Denver 100-mile relay race for the 
Sterling trophy. 

James Levy is planning to take a bunch 
of half a dozen Chicago riders with him to 
Detroit to take part In the Belle Isle road 
races on May 30. 

Entry blanks are out for the Merchants' 
second annual ten-mile road race to be run 
in Danville, 111., on May 28. A Patee Crest 
bicycle is offered for first time prize. 

Weise Hammer, Philadelphia's crack 
rider, will sail for France aboard the Ocean- 
ic on May 16. During his sojourn on the 
other side he will try to win some money 
in the races. 

Entry blanks for the annual road race of 
the Chicago A. C. C. which will this year 
be held on July 4, will be out in a few days. 
The race will be run over the classic Pull- 
man coiirse. 

A five-mile road race, to be run July 3, 
In Coldwater. Mich., is being promoted by 
Fred Allen, who conducts a bicycle estab- 
lishment in Coldwater and who Is nimself 
putting up all of the $200 worth of prizes. 

The 100-mile relay race around San Fran- 
cisco bav for the Leavltt & Bill trophy, was 
scheduled to be run off last Saturday by 
three teams representing the Bay City and 
Olvmnic Club Wheelmen of San Francisco 
and the Garden City Wheelmen of San Jose. 

In replying to the challenge of Eddie Mc- 
DufCee to meet Jimmy Michael in a motor- 
paced race, the latter's manager states that 
the little Welshman will be ready to meet all 
comers, but under no circumstances will 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



79 



^d^&BU 




HE RED 
FLYER 



I 
L 



Successors to the 

TOLEDO CYCLE SUPPLY CO. 



Have you heard about it ? Tells you how to make a for 
tune without deceiving your customers. A postal card will 
bring you a sample copy. 

Subscriptions free during the month of May. We'll 
tell you more about Xbe Red Flyer in this space next 
week. 

J. G. SWINDEMAN & CO. 

JOBBERS and MANUFACTURERS' AGENTS 

Sales Office: 23J Superior St., TOLEIX), OHIO 



1 
I 



I 



,J 



VELOX 



VELOX MACHINE WORKS 



315 Dearborn Street 
CHICAQO 




VELOX 

PEDALS 

"GUARANTEED FOR LIFE" 



PATENTED 




1900 RIGID FRAME MODEL 

Weight — less than 12 oz. per pair. Also made In smaller 

size for women. 



FORSYTH 
PEDALS 

have interested many, and 
we believe will interest 

...YOU... 

They are made honestly 
and sell quickly. 

PRICE3 RIQHT. 

FORSYTH MFG. CO. ^TO!^"" 




Advance 
Drills... 



FOR 

BICYCLE 

RBPAIRBRS. 

Well made, 
Light draft, 
Continnoos auto- 
matic self feed. 

14 Sizes 
and Styles... 



NO. 12 
ADVANCE 
LIGHT 
POWER, 
125 LBS. 

$13.00 



$6.00 

to 

$85.00 

Special discounts 
to bicycle repair- 
men.... 

EVERY 
DRILL 
GUARANTEED. 



THE SILVER MFQ. CO., 



Salea, Ohio. 
325 Broadway. 




LELAND-FAULCONER GEARS 

FOR CHAINLESS BICYCLES 
THE GEARS 
that made 
the Bevel- 
Gear 

CHAINLESS 
A SUCCESS 

L A F Crank Gear and Pinion 

Bicycle Gears MUST be HARDENED or they 
would NOT be durable. 

They cannot be hardened without WARPING. 
This was the "Stone-wall" the Chainless wheel 
makers were up against. WE rolled the stone away 
when we GROUND the Gears to the CORRECT shape 
AFTER they had been hardened. 

What is the best way to drive a bicycle? Answer — 
The most MECHANICAL, most permanent, neatest 
and most PRACTIC\BLE way Is with the LELAND- 
FAULCONER BEVEL GEARS, which are CUT ab- 
solutely TRUE and correct AFTER being hardened. 

Be sure your NEW Chainless has the L & F Gears. 
Don't be dtceivcd. No others are RIGHT. 

L & F Gears will be on the highest grade $75.00 
Chainless Wheels (cheaper wheels do not have our 
Gears)— made by the following people this season: 

Grand Rapids Cycle Co. Warwick Cycle Co. 

The Geo. N. Pierce Co. Sterling Cycle Works 

E C. Stearns & Co. 

These are the ONLY PEOPLE who have L & F 
Gears on their wheels THIS season. 

Some iither dealers falsely claim to have L &F 
Gears. Don't be deceived. The firms and wheels 
named above are the ONLY ONES. 

LELAND & FAULCONER MFG. CO., Detroit, Mich. 



NEVERLEAK 

STOP LARQE PUNCTURES. 

This is the only fluid that can be legally used 
ill pneumatic tires. Suits now pending. 

BUFFALO SPECIALTY MFG. CO. 

BUFFALO. N. Y 



MODERN CYCLE REPAIRS 

Details of all forms of re- 
pairs with 100 illustrations 

To Cycle Age subscribers, $1.00 
To Others, $2 oo 

CYCLE AGE CO. 

MONON BLDG. CHICAGO 



White star 




SEE THE SNAP... 

Write for Samples. 

BROWN & SMITH 

NEWPORT, KY. 
MALCOLM L. DOIQ, Chief go Agtat, 27 W. Raodolpb St. 



80 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



he be matched for a paced race against a 
rider using such a machine as McDuffee's 
steam tandem, which gives its follower an 
undue advantage over any rival because of 
its great bulk. There are only two machines 
like McDuffee's in existtnce and a rider us- 
ing one of them would have his competitor 
heavily- handicapped. 

The racing men will make their home in 
Newark this season, securing quarters near 
the Vailsburg track. Probabl.v one hundred 
men will be quartered there. 

Charles Miller will take the place of Harry 
Caldwell in the paced middle distance race 
at Waltham on May 3(1 When Caldwell 
broke his collar bone while training May fi. 
Miller immediately secured his place In the 
contest. 

Grand Rapids dealers are taking a great 
deal of interest in the forthcoming Decora- 
tion day road race to be held in that city, 
and besides donating prizes liberally have 
been trying to induce the buyers of their 
machines to train for the event. 

Racing men are selecting their own bicy- 
cles now without regard to the makers and 
with regard to the qualities of the machines. 
The mounts this year will be quite different 
from those of any other season. Many well 
known makes will not be represented. 

Frank H. Denny is an ama'eur from Buf- 
falo. He is large and stockily built and a 
rider clear through. Denny is training with 
professionals at Fountain Ferry and in his 
work has excited wonder among these men. 
His stature is in his favor as is also the 
case with his fighting qualities, for Denny is 
a fighter clear through. It is his intention 
to remain an amateur for but a short time. 

Charles "Mile-a-Minute" Murphy has 
equipped his bicycle with a dec'ded novelty. 
It consists of an electric storage battery, 
which is attached to the upper frame tube 
of the wheel, the switch being fastened to 
the steering head and the wires covering the 
handlebars and connecting wi h a storage 
battery at the rear of the saddle post. By 
grasping the wires Murphj' claims a suffi- 
cient shock is given to his arms to penetrate 
his whole body and give him a sense of re- 
newed activity when needed in a sprint. He 
says he is using this device w-ith good re- 
suits. 



MISCELLANEOUS. 

Advertisements under this head 5 cents per 
word first Insertion; 3 cents per word each In- 
sertion thereafter. Cash with order. Express 
orders, postofElce orders or stamps received. 



"WANTED. 



■WANTED— Indefinite quantiiy of 5 arm. or sitnllar 
pattern sprockets machlDed for 3-16 and ^in. chain 
in the black stock or nickel-plated. Bored '^-in. 
blank hole or 5 8-iu x 18 left hand thread. Assorted 
sizes from 20 tootti up. Privilege of selection. State 
(juantity each size—tooth and chain, also finish and 
price. Address E. A. C, care Cycle Age. 



THE ONLY VISE 



on the market that is built 
for service. 



IT SELLS ON ITS 
MERITS ALONE.. . 



AGENTS WANTED AT ONCE 
IN LARGE CITIES 



CAPITOL ELECTRIC 

ENGINEERING 

COMPANY 



LANSING, 
MICH. 




Pat. Sept. 5, 1899 



ALLEN'S DIGEST 



OF 



AUTOMOBILE 
PATENTS ^ ^ 



Contains all the United States Patents granted on Caniages propelled by 

ELECTRICITY, GAS AND GASOLINE, 
STEAM AND OTHER POWERS 



from 1789 to July 1, 1899, including the Entire OfiSoial Class of Traction Engines for the 

same period. Compiled and arranged by James T. Allen, 

Examiner, U. S. Patent Office. 

IN ONE LARGE VOLUME, BOUND IN FULL SHEEP, 
PRICE $25.00. ^ <^ TO SUBSCRIBERS OF WEELLY 
ELECTRICAL AND AUTOMOBILE PATENTS, $20.00 



<^^HIS volume will contain the reproductions of all the drawings of all patents on Motor Vehicles up 
\^ to July 1, 1899, from which date the weekly U. S. Electrical and Automobile Patents Includes 
them. Not only will every drawing be given, but the nature of the invention, essentials of the 
specification, the claims in full and a complete index, giving the List of all References Cited » hen 
the Patents were pending as applications. Interferences, parties to them and Decisions, so that 
a complete knowledge of this rapidly developing art can be secured. 

A general iniex will enable the subscriber to turn at once to any patent he desires. 

The size of the piges will be the same as those of the Electrical Weekly or the weekly issues of 
United States Patents. It will be a digest of about 1,000 patents, including reissues, trade-marks and 
designs, and the whole will be a volume of about 800 pages. Those desiring the work should subscribe 
at once as the first copies ready will be sent to previous subscribers. 

V. S. Electrical and Automobile Patents.— Published weekly, compiled by James T. Allen, con. 
tains all patents for Electrical and Automobile devices as issued. SubEcriptions may be made to date 
from July 1, 1899, thus givin? the owner of Allen's Digest of Au'.omobile Patents every patent issued 
up to date, and kept up to date. Subscription 810 per year, in advance (twenty cents a week). 

The two make an absolutely complete patent history of the Motor Vehicle Industry. Together, $30. 



Remit by Check or Money-Order to 

. . . THE MOTOR AGE . . . 

324 DEARBORN ST., CHICAGO 



ATUNTIC TUBING 

FOR BICYCLES AND AUTOMOBILES 

ATLANTIC TUBE CO. 



CHICAGO: 36 La Salle St. 
ISEW YORK. 



1209 Park BIdg , PITTSBURG, PA. 



THE MOTOR AGE-$2 A YEAR-SEND FOR SAMPLE COPY. S.^%tct|^ 



Vol. XXV— No 4 



CHICAGO, MAY 24, 1900 



New Series No. 131. 



BARGAIN DAY IN BUFFALO 



Saturday Is So Recognized Now — Remark- 
able Sliding Scale of Prices of 
Cut-Price Houses. 



Buffalo, May 21. — Saturday has gener- 
ally become known in Buffalo as "bicycle 
bargain day" and each Friday for the 
past two months the newspapers have 
fairly teemed with advertisements of bar- 
gains in cycles, each concern being bent 
upon outdoing its neighbor in the mat- 
ter of low prices. As a resnU 
continued onslaught on prices, cycle 
values have undergone some remarkable 
changes. Bicycles that were offered for 
$27.50 at the beginning of the cut-price 
hostilities and which were widely pro- 
claimed as "the $50 high grade article — 
reduced in price because we are sell- 
ing bicycles as a side line to our regular 
business, are under no additional ex- 
pense for rent and help and are satis- 
fied with less profit than the regular 
dealers — " are now being offered at 
prices ranging variously from $17.50 down 
to $15, and in some quarters the price 
has been dropped to" $13. 

Szplaaatory Yarns Ridiculous. 

Every inducement known to such con- 
cerns, in addition to cheap prices, is be- 
ing held out to the populace in a vain 
hope of unloading some of the stock 
with which every one of them is heavily 
loaded and as the season grows apace 
and business does not come up to the 
anticipated volumes they becom" 
desperate in their efforts to unload, with 
the result that amusing and ludicrous 
yarns are printed as excuses lor ... 
ing scale of prices adopted. 

The very poor quality of most of the 
tires wich which these bargain cycles 
are equipped is causing much fault-find- 
ing among the purchasers of them. Ac- 
cording to the tales told by some of the 
unfortunates, the tires collapse after a 
week's use, completely worn through in 
spots. Although said to be guaranteed 
to Ifte purchaser to January n^v 
of the buyers that returned them for ful- 
fillment of the guarantee are said to 
have been turned away with the state- 
ment that the holes could be vulcanized 
for 50 cents. 



MANAGER PAGE RESIGNS 



Ponader of I<amb Mfg. Co. Retires Before 
Disintegration of Plant Begins. 



Springfield, Mass., May 21. — The retire- 
ment of T. C. Page as manager of the 
Lamb Mfg. Co. of Chicopee Falls is gen- 
erally believed to mean the consolidation 
of the Spalding bicycle interests with the 
Westfield Lozier factory. The move is 
also construed by keen observers as an 
indication that next season will see the 
entire productive energy of the A. B. C. 
in New England concentrated at Hart- 
ford and Westfield. Mr. Page's' retire- 
ment was announced today and will be- 
come operative June 4. 

Mr. Page established the Lamb com- 



pany in 1867 and at the time of the or- 
ganization of the A. B. C. the business of 
the house was divided between knitting 
machines, athletic goods and bicycles, 
the latter having been the chief product 
for ten years. The- concentration policy 
of the A. B. C. is the chief reason for 
Mr. Page's retirement, and although he 
had a contract for a term of years with 
the trust, he chose to resign rather than 
be at the helm during the disintegration 
of his life work. 



RUMORS OF NEW ENTERPRISE 



CANADIAN FACTORIES BURNED 



St. Catherines Plants of Canada Cycle & Mo- 
tor and Welland Vale Cos. Destroyed. 



The large plants of the Canada Cycle 
& Motor Co. and the Welland Vale Mfg. 
Co., in St. Catherines, Ontario, were de- 
stroyed by fire early last Wednesday 
morning at an aggregate loss of $500,000. 

The fire originated in the boiler room 
of the bicycle factory about 3 o'clock in 
the morning and, although the few tool- 
makers at work promptly turned in the 
alarm the flames quickly communicated 
to the rest of the building, and, driven by 
a strong wind, swept across the lane to 
the office and axe factory of the Welland 
Vale Mfg. Co. They made a clean sweep 
of these, but by a fortunate change of 
wind left the two large warehouses. 

The loss of the Canada Cycle & Motor 
Co. is estimated as practically total, 
while that of the Welland Vale company 
was 85 percent, or $200,000, with $85,000 
insurance. The bicycle company had $40,- 
000 insurance on its machinery and $65,- 
000 on stock. 

The Canada Cycle & Motor Co. is a 
consolidation of the Massey-Harris, Wel- 
land Vale and Brantford factories of 
Canada and the Canadian branch facto- 
ries of H. A. Lozier & Co. and the Gen- 
dron Wheel Co. of the United States. 



Will Make Tires in Milwaukee. 

A number of Milwaukee capitalists 
have organized under the name of the 
Milwaukee Rubber Co., with $200,000 cap- 
ital, and, it is reported, contemplate 
erecting a factory in the Cream City for 
the manufacture of rubber tires for bicy- 
cles, automobiles and other vehicles, un- 
der a process invented by an eastern man 
who is also a member of the new concern. 
It is hoped to have the plant in operation 
by the middle of September, and the or- 
ganizers believe the process of manufac- 
ture is one which Insures the success of 
the venture. The factory will furnish 
employment to from 200 to 250 hands at 
the start. The Milwaukeans interested in 
the project are William H. Starke, Ed- 
ward Niedecken and Charles A. Rohde. 



It is the general belief of the dealers in 
Canton, O., that fully twice as many bi- 
cycles have been sold in that city so far 
this season as during all of last season. 
With a population of 40,000, it is esti- 
mated that between 8,000 and 10,000 ma- 
chines are in use there. 



TalK of Manufacturing New Invention in 
Hackensack— Dealers Thrive De- 
spite Department Stores. 



Hackensack, N. J., May 21. — Within a 
short time there has been talk of starting 
a bicycle parts or specialty factory in this 
town, and, according to the statement of 
one or two parties in New York, an ex- 
amination has been made of the ground 
with reference to the establishment of 
such an enterprise. The promoters of 
the enterprise are one or two men in 
New York who have a new invention 
that is "guaranteed to revolutionize the 
bicycle business," according to reports. 
The men have interested capital in the 
production of the new part or parts, 
whatever they may be, and the gentle- 
men said they would begin operations 
here because this town presents numer- 
ous advantages for a manufacturing in- 
dustry. Whether the factory was to em- 
ploy one hand or one hundred was not 
stated, nor has any other definite infor- 
mation been given out regarding it. 

Trade Heavier Than I<ast Year. 

There are four local dealers in bicycles 
and sundries and so far they have all had 
their hands full this season to keep 
up with the unusual rush of trade. Sales 
have been heavier than last year, both 
because old riders have purchased new 
mounts and because of new riders buy- 
ing their first ones. In a- population of 
10,000 it is a safe estimate that one in 
every four rides, and according to the 
statements of dealers the number is in- 
creasing. 

Local dealers complain of the competi- 
tion of the New York department stores. 
The metropolis is only fourteen miles 
away and the delivery wagons from all 
the department stores come here daily. 
These houses advertise bicycles far be- 
low prices that the average dealer can 
afford to sell them for and there are very 
many persons more or less ignorant 
about bicycles who will buy of depart- 
ment stores rather than of reputable 
dealers who are always ready to adjust 
machines sold by them whenever neces- 
sary and to replace defective parts. The 
one redeeming feature is that, as one 
repairman said, the department store 
machines bring in the bulk of the repair 
work done. They will stand lOO miles or 
less, and then begin going to pieces. 
There is no stability to them and the 
additional expenses of repairs during a 
season would buy the purchaser a new 
machine of some standard make and 
capable of giving two or three seasons' 
use. 

The granting of the charter to the Car- 
ter Ball Bearing Chain Co., application 
for which will be made at Harrisburg, 
Pa., on May 24, is to be followed by the 
erection of an extensive plant for the 
manufacturing of ball-bearing chains. 
The new plant is to be built at Hays 
station, on the south of the Monongahela 
river and is to cost $100,000. 



82 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



TO MOVE SNOW CHAIN PLANT 



Crosby and Dana to Consolidate It With 
Springfield Plant This Summer. 



Syracuse, May 21.— The plant o'i the 
Snow Cycle Chain Co., which was pur- 
chased March 22 by William H. Crosby 
of Buffalo and Arthur D. Dana of Chi- 
cago, will be removed within the next 
few months to Springfield, Mass., where 
the business will be consolidated with 
that of of the Springfield Drop Forging 
Co., of which Mr. Cxosby and Mr. Dana 
are the proprietors. 

A rumor to this effect has been current 
in manufacturing circles for several days 
and was verified Saturday by the mana- 
ger of the company, W. D. Hawlay. The 
exact date for the removal of the factory 
has not been decided. 

Mr. Hawlay, who has been manager for 
four years, is given the privilege of re- 
maining with the company at Springfield, 
and the same is true of B. W. Snow, the 
superintendent. Mr. Snow will go to 
Springfield to install the plant. 

The Snow Cycle Chain Co. started in 
business at Fayetteville in 1892 and two 
years later removed to this city where 
the business steadily increased until the 
quarters became too small. About a year 
ago the company removed to the present 
quarters in the Cook building in West 
Onondaga street, formerly occupied by 
E. C. Stearns Hardware Co. There the 
capacity of the plant was increased by 
adding new machinery and increasing 
the number of workmen. Between thirty 
and forty men are employed. 



HARTLEY & GRAHAM REORGANIZED 



Death of One Partner l^eads to Formation of 
M. Hartley Co.— Plans Not Matured. 



The incorporation of the M. Hartley 
Co. in New York with $500,000 capital 
stock, as chronicled in last week's issue 
of Cycle Age, marked the transformation 
of the old and widely known firm of 
Hartley & Graham of 313 Broadway, 
which was organized half a century ago 
and is today one of the largest sporting 
goods firms in the east. It is exclusive 
agent for the Bridgeport Gun Implement 
Co., the Remington Arms Co., the Union 
Metallic Cartridge Co. and controls the 
output of several eastern manufactories 
of golf goods. 

Some change in the firm had been an- 
ticipated since the death of Mi-. Graham, 
fifteen months ago. The organization of 
a corporation with a capitalization of 
$500,000, though, was an eyeopener for 
the trade. The new corporation had not 
yet absorbed the firm when Manager 
Morse was seen a few days ago, and he 
said that no definite plans for so doing 
have yet been formulated. He stated that 
the new order of things would not be in 
effect before June. There is an under- 
current of anticipation through the es- 
tablishment that changes are impending, 
but no information bearing on this point 
is vouchsafed from headquarters. When 
asked if the stock subscription books 
would be opened to employes. Manager 
Morse said he was not prepared to dis- 
cuss that. 

Canada Branch Curtails Plans. 
Since the National Cycle & Automobile 
Co., the Canadian branch of the American 
Bicycle Co., abandoned the first set of 
plans for the proposed new factory to be 
built in Hamilton, owing to the excess of 
estimated cost over the amount sub- 
scribed by the citizens of that city, so lit- 
tle had been heard regarding the new 
works that Hamiltonians began to won- 
der whether they would be built at all or 



not. Some days ago, however, notices 
were sent out by J. J. Scott, who is in 
charge of affairs for the Hamilton sub- 
scribers to the building fund, announcing 
that work would be started last week, 
and asking for payment of a portion of 
the subscriptions. It is understood that 
the plans have been so amended that the 
cost of the works will be somewhere near 
the amount subscribed by the Hamilton 
men, the cycle company taking charge of 
all the building arrangements and oper- 
ating the factory from the Toronto office. 



NEW SELLING SYSTEM 



German Trade Decreasing. 

The cycle import and export trade of 
Germany forthe first quarter of this year 
shows a downward tendency all along the 
line, and augurs badly for the year's 
trade. The imports for the month of 
January, February, .and March are re- 
duced by 1,272 hundred-weights, valued 
at $75,000, the total for 1900 being 1,025 
h.w., valued at $212,500, against l,389h.w.. 
valued at $287,500 in 1899. Her export? 
have decreased during the same period 
by $200,000, or 14,000 h. w. In 1899 the 
total for January to March amounted to 
9,902 h. w., valued at $927,300, and this 
was reduced during 1900 to 8.510 h. w., 
valued at $743,750. The detailed state- 
ment below gives special significant ex- 
planation, and it appears that the exports 
to many countries have decreased, while 
they have increased to Belgium, Den- 
mark, France, Great Britain, Italy, Hol- 
land, Russia and the British East Indies. 

Jan. to March in h. w. 

1899. 1900. 

Belgium 386 582 

Denmark 790 1032 

Prance 238 280 

Great Britain 574 742 

Italy 238 434 

Holland 478 896 

Norway ,, 190 112 

Austria-Hungary . 2710 1646 

Russia 644 88S 

Sweden 1795 602 

Switzerland 928 712 

British East India 38 64 

Dutch East India 60 44 

Argentine 92 54 

Brazil 76 16 

United States 94 14 

British Australia 182 138 



Clipper Men Acquire New Interests. 

S. A. Marmon and L. T. Wilmarth, 
respectively president and secretary- 
manager of the Grand Rapids Cycle Co., 
now a component part of the trust, 
have become stock holders and officers 
in a new company just organized and in- 
corporated for $50,000 capital stock un- 
der the style of the Wilmarth & Marmon 
Co. Mr. Wilmarth is president, Mr. Mar- 
mon vice-president, Charles D. Fuller 
treasurer, and Charles E. Meech general 
manager of the new concern, which has 
taken over the business of the Fuller Mfg. 
Co. of Kalamazoo, which manufactures 
Yankee drill grinders, employing a force 
of thirty men in a shop occupying two 
floors. The plant will remain in Kala- 
mazoo for a few months at least, though 
it is probable that it will eventually go 
to Grand Rapids, as the heaviest stock- 
holders are residents of that city. Man- 
ager Wilmarth, of the Clipper factory, 
will become actively connected with the 
enterprise later on. 



E. C. Stearns Leaves A. B. C. 

E. C. Stearns has severed his connec- 
tion with the American Bicycle Co. as 
general manager of the Syracuse end of 
the business and will devote his time to 
the Anglo-American Automobile Co., 
which has opened a plant in the building 
formerly occupied by the Barnes Cycle 
Co., and with which concern Mr. Stearns 
is now prominently identified. The A. B. 
C. business in Syracuse will be managed 
by Herbert E. Maslin. 



Advantagreous to Buyer and Seller and Helps 
to Keep Market Steady. 



Manufacturers in certain lines of goods 
that are subject to market fiuctuations 
have adopted a policy which will com- 
mend itself to conservative buyers. 
When a fixed quantity of material or 
goods is ordered, with deliveries to be 
made during a given period, the prices on 
the goods are to be determined by the ac- 
tual market quotations on the day of 
shipment in each case. As an illustra- 
tion, if 10,000 feet of tubing is bought in 
one lot, and the buyer forwards specifi- 
cations at different dates within the con- 
tract period, he will be charged such 
prices as are in force when each ship- 
ment is made. 

This system of making contracts of 
sale has been employed in previous 
years and gave general satisfaction, says 
the Stoves and Hardware Reporter. It 
has the double advantage of affording 
protection to both buyer and seller at a 
time when the markets are erratic, and 
when conservatism is regarded as a 
more wise and safe policy than that 
which comes with speculation and its un- 
certainties. The total demand is thus 
made to govern the market, and the buy- 
er has an assurance that he is paying no 
more on his contract than is justified by 
present conditions. The seller is also 
protected, because he is able to dispose of 
his goods at prices which are made by 
the general condition of the market. 



Berger Resigns From Wheel Staff. 

L. J. Berger has resigned the editorship 
of the Wheel. The stories concerning the 
cause of the resignation are confiicting. 
G"n the one side there is a story which 
appears discreditable to the American 
Bicycle Company, and on the other side 
a complete denial that the acceptance of 
Berger's resignation was due to any ac- 
tion on the part of that body or anyone 
connected with it. Until further investi- 
gation has been made, the Cycle Age does 
not believe it would be just to give pul)- 
licity to the story of either side. 



Trust Organ 

In the not-in-the- 
trust list we find 
the name of Luthy 
& Co., Peoria. Who 
are Luthy & Co.? 
We understand that 
even Peoriaites do 
not know that Lu- 
thy & Co. are mak- 
ing bicycles. It 
must be pleasant to 
firms like I v e r 
Johnson, Pierce 
and a dozen other 
high class concerns 
to find themselves 
listed with such a 
concern a s Luthy 
& Co.— The Wheel, 
April 26. 



:> 



Needs Tuning. 

In a recent article 
in The Wheel, a 
statement was 
printed in which it 
was intended to say 
that Luthy & Co., 
while in the bicycle 
business, were not 
manufacturers in a 
very large wa^ No 
other reference to 
this firm was in- 
tended. It is a fact 
that Luthy & Co. 
have for a long 
time made bicycles, 
though they have 
never been in the 
field as even fairly 
big makers. The 
concern, however, 
is a very responsi- 
ble one, and none 
is more pleased to 
state that fact than 
The Wheel. Bicy- 
cles are a side issue 
with them, but they 
have made a spe- 
cial study of their 
cycle product, and 
what wheels they 
have offered have 
attained a very 
high reputation. — 
The Wheel, May 17. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



83 



FOR EXPORTERS TO MEXICO 



USEFUI< INFORMATION REGARDING 
DEVBI,OPMENT OF GOOD FIEI/D 



Credits Safer Than In United States- Atten- 
tion to Details of Packing and 
Shipping Essential. 



Mexico is every year becoming a more 
attractive field for American bicycle 
manufacturers, and in view of our large 
trade with our sister republic and the 
evident desire on the part of American 
manufacturers to get a still better foot- 
hold in Mexico, a few suggestions rela- 
tive to the course to be pursued may not 
be without interest. 

At the outset it may be well to state 
that port charge and regulations, to- 
gether with customs tariffs, have a great 
deal to do with the extension of Ameri- 
can commerce in foreign countries. The 
necessity for the proper packing of bicy- 
cles at the place of shipment has been 
emphasized many times in these columns. 
It has also been shown how necessary it 
is to comply with all orders, giving strict 
attention to details so as to satisfy the 
foreign buyer and his customer. 

Attends to Details for Exporters. 
In order to facilitate the handling of 
merchandise shipped at points in the 
United States and intended for markets 
in various parts of Mexico, the Mexican 
Central railway, terminating at Juarez, 
has a customs department which attends 
to all details of entry and ultimate con- 
signment. At a comparatively small cost 
a great deal of time and many fines are 
saved shippers in the United States. 
When goods are shipped in care of a cus- 
toms broker, it is necessary to indorse 
the following documents: Copy of the 
bill of lading, the original beitig sent to 
the consignee in order to secure delivery 
from railroad at the point of destination 
in Mexico; copy of the packing list, and 
copy of the commercial invoice signed by 
the shipper. 

Full Description Required. 

The description of all merchandise 
should be accurate to facilitate clearance. 
The material of which a package is com- 
posed should be mentioned, and the ob- 
ject, use and kind, together with the 
number of package, should be given; and 
whether it is a box, barrel, crate, or bale, 
and the gross, net and legal weight. 
Some articles pay duty on the net weight 
and others on the gross and legal weights 
and each should be packed accordingly. 
It is very necessary to be exact in giving 
the class and weight of merchandise. 
When importations are declared at less 
than the actual weight, or are found upon 
inspection to be subject to a higher rate 
Of duty than that declared, a fine is im- 
posed by the collector of customs. The 
fine is equivalent to double the duty on 
the amount of weight in excess of that 
declared, and double the duty on the 
whole weight of the articles wrongly de- 
clared. 

The name, initials, or mark of the con- 
signee should be carefully placed upon 
each package; the destination should be 
clearly indicated and the packages should 
be numbered in order. These numbers 
should be entered opposite to the package 
to which they correspond in the packing 
list, or pro forma consular invoice, and in 
the bills of lading. 

Travelers' I,icenses. 
Inquiries are frequently made regard- 
ing the license commercial travelers must 
pay to transact business in Mexico. In 
the first place, the commercial traveler 
must have papers to show that he is au- 
thorized to sell goods. When this is the 



case his principal, or his employer, will 
be considered as having complied with 
the law. When a commercial traveler ar- 
rives in a town of the republic he ascer- 
tains by application to the local authori- 
ties the fee he must pay to transact busi- 
ness. The fee varies, but he may con- 
sider his assessment unjust if it is more 
than he has paid at the places previously 
visited. In that case he has recourse in 
an appeal to the governor of the state. 

The metric system of weights and 
measures is in use in Mexico. 

The growing use of manufactured ar i- 
cles in Mexico, and the widening mar- 
kets, are due, not alone to better trans- 
portation facilities and the abolition of 
the provincial restrictions of earlier days, 
but in no small degree to better banking 
facilities and to the existence of commer- 
cial ratings. 

Failures Rare and Competition Easy. 

The commercial integrity of Mexico is 
recognized as first-class by all who have 
dealings there. It is higher on the aver- 
age than it is in the United States. There 
are comparatively few disastrous failures. 
The business man who sees misfortune 
coming upon him as a rule appeals to his 
creditors, and either makes a settlement 
with them or secures extensions. The 
business man who would defraud credit- 
ors gets no assistance or sympathy from 
the courts. Furthermore, there is not in 
Mexico the fierce competition that leads 
to unwise cutting of profits and expe- 
dients that are frequently attended with 
too great risk. 

An American exporter who has been 
doing business with Mexico for years 
says that in all his business there hs 
never lost a dollar in bad accounts. His 
business is one that covers a wide field 
and his orders are both large and small. 
The case is more remarkable from the 
fact that a very large proportion of them 
were mail orders from customers that 
were never known personally to the firm. 
This firm cannot give as clean a record of 
its United States business. 

I<ong Credits Expected. 

Longer credits are expected by pur- 
chasers in Mexico than in the United 
States. This applies both to the whole- 
sale and the retail merchants. American 
exporters must be prepared to give time 
on their orders if they would compete 
with European houses that do so without 
question, but, if their orders are placed 
with judgment and due caution, they can 
also count upon^ getting their money 
when the time expires. 



SITUATION IN NORTHWEST 



BEST MONTH OF YEAR SHOWS I,AROE- 
IvY INCREASED SAI,ES 



Peculations Will Be Made Good. 

Springfield, Mass., May 21. — Jesse H. 
Bailey, the former assignee of the Spauld- 
ing & Pepper Co. of Chicopee Falls, 
pleaded not guilty to the indictment of 
embezzlement of $5,500 of the creditors' 
funds Tuesday, but changed his mind 
Thursday and was sentenced to five years' 
imprisonment in the county jail. At the 
time of his arrest he m,aintained that he 
could explain everything to the entire 
satisfaction of all. Bailey's peculations 
will be made good by the fidelity com- 
pany in which he was bonded. Altogether 
there will be about $10,000 to distribute 
among the creditors. 



Want Merits "Expostulated" Upon. 

(From the Calumet (Mich.) News.) 
One of the biggest dealers informs the 
News reporter that the demand exceeds 
anything in the past. * * * other 
dealers report the same stories. Every 
evening their salesrooms are filled with 
prospective purchasers who are anxious 
to have the merits of the wheel expostu- 
lated (?) upon, and who are anxious to 
buy bicycles. 



Re-Orders Greatest in History of the Job- 
bing Business -Good Demand Ex- 
-. pected Until September. 



This is the month of greatest movement 
in bicycles with the Twin City jobbers, 
and so far as the month has advanced it 
has sustained its record as the lianner one 
for 1900. The sale of machines by all job- 
bers has been much larger than a year 
ago; some jobbers place the increase in 
volume at anywhere from 15 to 25 per 
cent as compared with the same period 
last season, and nearly all jobbers are 
working their shipping crews overtime in 
order to make prompt delivery to the re- 
tailers who are clamoring for more 
machines. 

The business now doing is on re-orders 
and jobbers report that these are the 
largest in the history of their business, 
notwithstanding the fact that many deal- 
ers started out with a more liberal sup- 
ply of sample models than they have had 
in previous years. 

Public in Good Position to Buy. 

Based on the present outlook, says 
Hardware Trade, dealers and jobbers an- 
ticipate there will be a good demand up 
to September. There are two reasons 
which will contribute to this and which 
are contributing to the large trade en- 
joyed now. The low prices of cycles is 
one strong contributing feature to the 
present big demand and the other is the 
ability of people to purchase more freely 
than for several years. Labor is at a pre- 
mium in the Twin Cities and in all the 
smaller towns and cities of the north- 
western states; wages are higher, and the 
average person has more means with 
which to purchase articles that may be a 
luxury as in the case of some persons 
purchasing bicycles, but which are almost 
a necessity as well. This is the strongest 
feature of the northwestern situation — 
the ability of the average person to pur- 
chase a bicycle if he desires it. 

I^essened Profits Stimulate Sel.'ers. 

From the standpoint of the jobber and 
the dealer more machines must be sold 
this year to make the same profit as i \ 
fp!rir,>!r season^ owing to theA'educed mar- 
gin of profit which accompanied the re- 
duction in the price of wheels. Both ends 
of the trade are making smaller profits 
and in order to make the balances at the 
end of the year show up as strongly as a 
year ago they are making greater efforts 
to secure business. This is contributing 
to the increased sales this season as well 
as the two other principal causes re- 
ferred to. 

Riders Buying Higher Class Sundries. 

In supplies, extras and parts the de- 
mand is of large proportions. Coaster 
brakes continue to be an important feat- 
ure of the situation and with lower prices 
than last year on some well recognized 
lines there is a much larger demand. With 
a greater purchasing power and great 
ability to buy, riders are more careful as 
to the parts and supplies. They are tak- 
ing a higher grade of saddles, handle- 
bars, crank hangers and chains than in 
previous years, and this is all contribut- 
ing to make the volume of business much 
larger than in 1899. 

But with lower prices prevailing on sup- 
plies, parts and on the machines them- 
selves the inquiries from the trade all In- 
dicate a strong desire to purchase at 
prices as low as it is possible to obtain 
them. 



84 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 







ontentment 



^\ 



Comes to them that find their wishes gratified 

If yoa wihb to sell a bicycle that will 
stay sold and will give satisfaction 
to your customers and profit to you ' 

sell the ^=^ 



HANSON 



We kuow it is right ; hence that guar- 
antee 8@° 



HANSON CYCLE CO. 



MANSON SQUARE, CHICAGO 



n3uaa3innaHllui9^lna^ininlSl 



r^mNS ON BICYCLE 

t WillR[place pREt And Pay All Express Charges 
MANSON CYCLE CO. ....... 









1 






%0 



Patee ©rest Tand^rn 





The I'atee Crest Tandem has always 
heen recognized by racing men as a 
most superior machine for pacing and 
track use. It is light, strong and rigid, 
and a wonderful speed machine. 

Hundreds of them are in constant 
use by club men for both road and track 
work and they give universal satisfac- 
tion. 
Made in Double Diamond and Drop Front; single and double steer. "Will carry any weight rider safely over all kinds of roads. Cannot 
be sprung out of line. 



PATEE CREST, MODEL B, $25.00 lU^.l^.^^ff/.r/rC 

lurs iu America. Dealers who get our ageni'y are wise. Write for catalogue and prices .... 



BAKER & HAMILTON 

EXCLUSIVE AGENTS PACIFIC COAST STATES 

San Francisco, Cal. 



Pa^tee Bicycle Gorr)pa^i?y 

111 to 115 A\»JO 5t., Peoria, III. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



85 



Tii(Oif€m/% 



Enlarad «t Chlcaeo Post Office as Sooond-CUss Matter 



Published every Thursday at 324 Dearborn St., Chicago. 
Eastern Olflees. American Tract Soc'y Bldg., New Yorlc. 



Subscription price in the United States. Canada and 
Mexico, $2 per year; in foreign countries. $6 per year 

All remittances should be made to Thb Cycle Age 
Company. 



Since the inception of 
COMING OF the safety bicycle in- 

THE CUSHION ventors of all classes 
FRAME ^^^ grades have striv- 

^^ en to produce ma- 

chines or attachments which would af- 
ford the rider a maximum amount of 
comfort. We have had spring frames, 
spring tires, spring hubs, spring forks, 
spring handle bars, spring seat posts, 
spring pedals, spring saddles, and even 
spring cranks, yet with an army of in- 
ventors whose corps and regiments have 
been distributed throughout the mechan- 
ical world and whose staff and line of- 
ficers, "non-coms." and privates have 
worked with that uncontrollable zest 
which comes only to the inventor, the 
only great achievement made in this 
line for a half-score years is the pneu- 
matic tire. 

The pneumatic tire came, we saw it, 
and it conquered our doubts. It is now 
the universal equipment of commercial 
bicycles, yet the pneumatic tire has not 
filled entirely the long expressed want 
to make bicycle riding more comfort- 
able than it is. 

Inventions of spring devises have in- 
creased rather than diminished since t,-e 
the introduction of the pneumatic tire. 

The pneumatic answers admirably the 
purpose of absorbing small irregularities 
in the roadway and of easing to a cer- 
tain degree the jolts caused by more 
prominent obstructions, but it does not 
rid the machine entirely of virbration. 

Vibration causes discomfort, discom- 
fort causes dissatisfaction, dissatisfac- 
tion causes invention, invention means 
evolution. 

The result of this evolution, which has 
been an expensive one, is the cushion 
fame now being adopted by several 
reputable manufacturers, endorsed by 
dealers as a commercial success, and 
commended by riders as a jracticai and 
efficient producer of comfort. 

That the cushion frame as now con- 
structed should be superior to the hun- 
dred and one spring devices which have 
been proposed is due simply to the fact 
that it accomplishes what other devices 
have aot accomplished — it produces com- 
fort without destroying speed. 

Though the more substantial element 
in the trade may laugh at the scorcher 
and may deride the racing man, the bi- 
cycles built for these are the machines 
which have set the pace during the 
rapid metamorphosis of the modern cy- 
cle. I ||*:| 

If a bicycle is speedy it runs easily, if 
it is not speedy it does not run easily. 



The same qualities in a bicycle which 
afford speed for the scorcher produce the 
ease of propulsion which charms the lazy 
rider, the pleasure rider, the business 
rider and the lady rider. 

To obtain speed certain running parts 
in a bicycle must retain their relative 
positions to each other under all condi- 
tions. The absolute failure of the great 
majority of spring devices may be justly 
laid to the fact that this law has been 
disregarded. 

The cushion frame of the modern 
type is constructed entirely in accord- 
ance with correct mechanical principles 
relating to the operation of the running 
parts of the bicycle, and with recog- 
.nized necessities concerning the co- 
operation of rider and machine. Thus 
in the cushion frame is attained a much 
desired object without destroying the 
efficacy of other and extremely import- 
ant features in cycle construction. 

Converts to the cushion frame have 
been made slowly and with difficulty. 
The evangelist for the cause has plead 
long and earnestly and unfolded his story 
in manifold ways, but suggestion, plea 
and argument have been minor forces 
in bringing makers, dealers and riders 
into the fold of cushion frame advocates. 
The great force has been trial and, ac- 
cording to their own tale, converts by 
trial have been converts indeed. 

The success this year of those retail 
dealers who are handling cushion frame 
machines proves unquestionably the 
merits of such bicycles in a commercial 
way. I . j I .,;] 

The testimony of the riders who have 
purchased and used these mounts is al- 
most conclusive evidence of the fact 
that the cushion frame has come to stay 
and to remain with us, not merely as a 
device for the benefit of aged riders and 
invalids, but for all classes of cyclists, 
young, old, male, female, fast, slow, en- 
ergetic, lazy. 

Despite the fact that 
DEPARTMENT the department store is 
STORES not as important nor as 

AMBITIOUS dangerous a factor in 

the bicycle trade as it 
was two years ago, it is still endeavoring 
to reach out into retail trade fields. 
Thosf department stores which have been 
successful in handling bicycles and bicy- 
cle sundries have in some instances 
grown so ambitious that they are now at- 
tempting to compete with the bicycle 
supply houses which sell exclusively to 
dealers and repairmen. 

In a prominent Chicago department 
store the bicycle section is not alone 
filled with a vast variety of sundries and 
specialties, but several show cases con- 
tain articles which have no legitimate 
right outside of the establishments of the 
manufacturer, the jobber, and the retail 
dealer or repairman. 

Handle bars and seat posts are sold at 
prices but a few cents higher than those 
which the dealer is forced to pay; tires 
are marked at prices which rob the re- 
tailer of all chance for legitimate profit 
on such goods; rims, spokes, and hubs 



are sold at rates which tempt riders to 
become their own repairmen. 

But the sale of bicycle parts and fit- 
tings is not limited to such articles. 
Crank hangers, brackets, and sprockets 
are sold to buyers ignorant of what they 
are purchasing. 

Recently in this store a man purchased 
a crank hanger set of a popular make. 
The purchase was doubtless due to the 
general popularity of the hanger. The 
purchaser wished to convert his old 
mount into a more stylish machine. 

He took the first hanger that was 
shown him without questioning regard- 
ing the number of teeth on sprocket, 
width of sprocket, chain line, or crank 
length. He was then told that he must 
have a bracket to go with the hanger 
parts and that the addition would cost 
him 38 cents. He agreed to the raise 
and selected a bracket from an assort- 
ment of eight or ten. 

Nothing was said on either side of the 
counter concerning angles, tube sizes, or 
form of rear forks The purchaser was 
informed, however, that the bracket 
would have to be brazed into the frame. 
He replied that he thought that would be 
easy enoug"h. 

In all probability the purchase of that 
hanger, attempts to fit it to the bicycle, 
and subsequent capitulation to the re- 
pairman, will net a far greater expend- 
iture of money and patience than had 
the repairer been sought in the first 
place. r,~. 

A man is foolish who buys goods with 
which he is unfamiliar. A store is deal- 
ing unfairly when it places a premium 
upon such foolishness by catering to the 
penny-wise, pound-foolish policy of the 
unsophisticated purchaser. 

The fact that it is easy to tamper with 
the gullible public does not make such 
tampering right. The fact that it is a 
simple task to do injury to a legitimate 
trade does not justify profit obtained in 
that manner. The department store 
weakens its own cause by fooling with the 
weakness of the people and by trying to 
weaken an energetic industry. 

* * * 

It is not offending to say that one's 
bicycles are not made by a trust. It 
simply identifies a dealer and credits him 
with knowing how he wants to run his 
business. Dealers w.th anti-trust senti- 
ments should not fear to use the Cycle 
Age stickers and posters. Persistent dis- 
play of them will more likely cause a pro- 
pagation of fear in the ranks of compet- 
ing dealers who are backed by a bottom 
bracket patent of doubtful legality. 

* * * 

Though the retailer is in the midst of 
his most active season the manufacturer 
will soon turn his thoughts from produc- 
tion to speculation and consider what 
changes shall be made in his 1901 models. 
Is there any other manufacturing in- 
dustry in the world in which, perforce of 
habit, a manufacturer must begin to 
change his entire manufacturing policy 
for good roads, cycle paths, and wheel- 
year is' six months old? 



S6 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



VOICE OF THE RETAILERS 



What Dealers Have to Say Regarding Trade Tendencies — Some 
Sample Announcements in Type 



B. E. Pudney, Sidney, N. Y.— "The writer 
started the season with nothing but A. B. C. 
machines but found out very soon that the 
trade in this section would compel him to 
handle independent factories' lines. We 
were compelled by our customers to handle 
bicycles outside of the trust. Some- of the 
sales departments of the A. B. C. show, in 
their correspondence and dealings generally, 
a spirit of importance which is not in har- 
mony with the present age. Those depart- 
ments which do not realize that harmony is 
necessary will suffer in consequence." 

Jaynes Electrical Co., Buffalo, N. T.— "We 
handle the Columbus, Yale and Explorer. 
Sold 1,300 machines last year, and expect to 
do the same this season. 

"We are looking for an agency for an 
automobile. Our sideline consists of elec- 
trical goods." 

Where Low Grades Are Popular. 

A. B. Stebbins, Canisteo. N. Y.— "I do a 
repair business only, and have my hands 
fall all the time. James Stuart, a music 
and sewing machine dealer, has lately taken 
the Eldredge agency. Popular prices here 
are from $20 to $25. 

"We have had hard work getting anything 
done in the matter of sidepaths. Riders 
make all kinds of excuses, and seem to think 
that they ought to be built free, but I am 
convinced that bicycles ought to be taxed 
for that purpose." 

Charles H. Hawkins, Schuylersville, N. Y.— 
Has opened a bicycle store and general re- 
pair shop, selling the Reading Standard, Ni- 
agara and Cleveland bicycles. Mr. Hawkins 
was for several years a Ynember of the firm 
of Hawkins Bros., bicycle repairers, at Sar- 
atoga. 



Allen's Individual Road Race. 

Fred Allen, a popular bicycle dealer and 
repair man in Coldwater, Mich., has for- 
warded a half-page advertisement from a 

Five Mile Road Race . . 
T $200 



HT xtjize:: 



$200 



Great Bicycle Handicap Road Race. 

Xuesdoy. July 3. I900. 

COT.,T~lT^7".^X'.b— R. -iv/r-ri-rT3-T(-v a -kt 



FRED ALLEN. 



n <nuca«o 9cr.M 



COLDWATEa Kioa 



local paper announcing a five-mile road race 
which he is individually promoting for July 
3. and for which he is personally providing 
the $200 worth of prizes offered. 



Repairing Pays Better Than Sales. 

E. H. Marriott. La Moille, 111.— "We find 
our repair department pays better than the 
sales, of which we made twenty-six last 
year. I have a queer combination, as I keep 
a meat market, sell the Crescent, Laclede 
anld Bird and do a good business in the re- 
pair line. We have better roads than any 
of our neighboring towns. We believe in 'V4- 
inch tubing, large sprockets, 214-inch drop, 
24-pounds' weight and black finish." 

L. C. Wade, Colorado Springs. Cal.— "T 
am next door to the Columbia agent, and 
Saturday night sold six machines while he 
was closing up and going home." 

High Grades Sell Best. 

Corp Bros., Providence. R. L— "The Wa- 
verley and several other machines have been 
dropped by the agents here. We handle 
our own machine and the Snell. Of the for- 
mer, we shall make about 300 this year. We 
moved January 1 Into a larger store in the 



new Fuller building. We handle no side- 
lines, and find our repair department a prin- 
cipal item of our business. As to prices and 
quality, we sell more $50 machines than 
those at $25 and $35 combined." 

Not One Trust Machine Sold. 

Latta Bros., Friendship, N. Y.— "H. F. 
Wells has dropped the bicycle business, and 
there are no new agencies. We sell our- own 
make only, and do not find It worth while 
to worry about repairs. We handle no side- 
lines, and make it a rule to change our 
models whenever we can better them. The 
demand is for 11-8-inch tubing; 214-inch 
drop; twenty-five to twenty-seven pounds 
weight; 15-8-inch tires; black enamel and 
spring saddles, such as the Sager flexible or 
the Kirkpatrick, instead of spring frames. 
Not one trust-made machine has been sold 
here this year." 

Cycle Paths Help Trade. 

Hewitt & Howe, Portland, Ore.— "The out- 
look for 1900 is very good, although some of 
the dealers do not expect quite as large a 
business as last season. About $10,000 has 
been expended on cycle paths in Multnomah 
county since the beginning of last season, 
and the effect has been a large increase in 
the number of orders. The repairmen's and 
dealers' association, known as the Portland 
Cycle Board of Trade, of which Mr. Howe 
is secretary, has been beneficial in stopping 
price-cutting, and there are now only three 
'scab' shops in the city, none of which Is 
regarded as first class." 

E. K. Baker, Paris, Texas.— "I am a strong 
indorser of the anti-trust laws, and thorough- 
ly appreciate the stand you have taken and 
the position you have so persistently held 
in regard to that matter." 

This Town Is All Right. 

Phillips & Stanford, Kalispell, Mont — 
"Phillips & Kriswell, machinists and dealers 
In bicycles, sundries and repairs, have been 
succeeded by this firm. We handle the 
Crescent. Our new store is 25x142 feet, half 
of which is occupied by the repair shop. 
For a town of 3,500 inhabitants, Kalispell is 
O. K., so far as bicycles are concerned. 
Good streets account, in a measure, for the 
800 machines in use in the town. We have 
done more business in the bicycle line this 
spring than was done by the old firm in the 
whole of last year. We carry no sidelines." 

Brosius & Brosius, Ft. Wayne, Ind.— "We 
handle the Manson, of which we sold more 
than 300 last year. So far this year we have 
disposed of 169. We handle a cheaper ma- 
chine of our own make also." 

Former Editor an Enterprising Dealer. 

Guarantee Cycle Store, Binghamton, N. 
Y.— Chas. H. Turner, proprietor, is best 
known to the Binghamton public as a news- 
paper man, perhaps. He was for a time 
managing editor of the Republican, and for 
four years half owner and editor of the 
Herald. He is just as enthusiastic over his 
bicycles as he ever was over his newspaper 
work. His line embraces ten of the leading 
high grade makes, among them the Pierce. 
Thistle, Wolff-American, Yale, Daycycle, 
Xander and Thomas. It is worthy of note 
that there is not a trust machine in the lot, 
and that every one is noted for some special 
feature. 

The installment terms are very liberal, 
and the cash discounts generous. There are 
more than 200 machines to choose from. 
The store is located at 148 State street. 

Mr. Turner is making a special drive in 
tires this season, having bought more than 
1,000 pairs of the well known makes. There 
are guaranteed Hartfords, Newton hand 
mades, Dunlop stock, Victors, Londons, 
Fisks, Goodriches, Diamonds and others 
from $2 up. Sundries were also bought in 
jobbers' lots, and are sold at low prices for 
standard goods. 

The .vorkshop is fitted to do any kind of 
bicycle repairing, and three expert men ats 



employed in it. A specialty Is made of re- 
placing broken parts of frames, cutting down 
high frames, enameling, repairing damaged 
tires, making cones and so on. There is 
also a livery attached where singles or tan- 
dems may be rented by the hour, day or for 
longer periods. 

A Michigan Pioneer. 

Perkins & Richmond, Grand Rapids, Mich. 
—A. B. Richmond, the pioneer rider and 
dealer of Grand Rapids, is entirely satisfied 
with ihe business thus far and predicts a 
big year in the cycle trade. Mr. Richmond 
has sold bicycles for twenty-one years and 
was the first Michigan man to distinguish 
himself as a long distance rider, having, in 
company with his wife, made the trip to 
Niagara Falls on an ordinaiy. In those 
days this was a feat of no small dimensions. 
Perkins & Richmond sell the Rambler, Clip- 
per and Eldridge. 

Fine Trade in Independents. 

C. B. Metzger, Grand Rapids, Mich.— "We 
have done the greatest business we ever had 
up to this date. Our experience in bicycle 
construction and the knowledge of superior 
points have been of great benefit to us iv 



Takes Hens, Eggs and Butter in Trade. 

.The curbstone agent is a familiar figure 
to all legitimate dealers, but It is doubted 
if many know of any cases in which bicycles 
are handled by the cross roads grocer and 




Weslland Market. 
We will pay cash or traile deliverpit at store. Hens 7'. CBDta Butte' 
11 cents. Eggs 10 c9Dt8 A cent IwH io country. Will cotne and get 
your atufl if prefered wh«n futnisbed io paying qnnnlilies. Prices 8Qb 
jeot to change ol market. ». A. CATT, Westlaril. 



traded off for the products of the farm, as 
in the remarkable case brough to notice 
through the medium of the small advertise- 
here reproduced. 



selecting lines. We handle standard inde- 
pendent makes only, viz.; The World, Snell 
and the Orient, the latter being sold exciu- 
•sively in our store, 6 Canal street. The 
World is proving a fast seller this year. 
This is the machine formerly handled by 
Adams and Hart as their crack wheel." 

Sideline of Acetylene Generators. 

Frank Bond, Port Jervis, N. Y.— As a 
promising side line Mr. Bond, who retails 
bicycles at 18 Hammond street, has taken 
the agency for a line of acetylene gas gener- 
ators and has installed a plant in his resi- 
dence, which has proved a good advertise- 
ment by reason of the interest it has at- 
tracted. 

Herings Bros., Mansfield, O.— A bicycle mo- 
tor tricycle which these bicycle dealers and 
repairers on East Fourth street have been 
building for some time, is practically finished 
and is to be given a trial soon. 

Frank C. Denman, Maryville, O.— A full 
line of Wolff-American, Cleveland, Stearns 
and Columbus bicycles and a stock of tires 
and other fittings has been put into his 
North Main street store by Mr. Denman, 
who does expert musical instrument repair- 
ing. He is now also prepared to do bicycle 
repair work. 

Completes His Shop Equipment. 

T. W. Gurley, Meyersdale, Pa.— Has re- 
cently enlarged his repair shop in the rear of 
his store, and added to the machinery he 
previously had a fine, large lathe, an Olds 
gas engine, brazer, emery wheel and a vul- 
canizer. The second floor is stocked with 
material for bicycle repairs, and a hundred 
or more new bicycles and repaired machines. 
His is a busy place and finely equipped for 
all purposes. 

C. L. Chambers & Co., Bangor, Me.— This 
firm of bicycle repairers and machinists at 
15 Central street, has recently completed the 
first bicycle invalid's chair seen in Bangor. 
The chair is handsomely caned and has a 
footrest attached. It has three pneumatic 
tired bicycle wheels and is fitted with ball 
bearings. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



8'.) 



THE LADY NORWOOD 



fitted with the Morrow 
Coaster and Hub Brake 
furnishes all that can be 
desired in a mount par 
excellence for women.^ 
Send for our catalogue. 



NORWOOD BICYCLE COMPANY 



62-68 PLUM STREET 



CINCINNATI, OHIO 




II 

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AGENTS AND DEALERS 



THEY ARE 

DETACHABLE 
AND NO PART OF 

THE PANTS 




.■,j>W»!Sv;it 



Patented Oct. 19, 1897. 



Read«^«ji^ 



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¥ 

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We have thoroughly advertised our Trouser 
CufTs (the only device for converting long trous- 
ers into Bicycl© Pants) for a number of years 
to the Bicycle Riders throughout the country with 
tremendous success, and now wish to place the 

sale of them with One Dealer or Agent in 

every city or town. 



Write for full particulars, 
terms, etc...... 



Highwater Mfg* Co* I 



605-607 3 J St St., CHICAGO, U. S. A. 



I ^r> jftp Mi>i^i> Af> Ml* <^t^ ^^ Mt* ^^ ^«* ^** ^«* ^'* ^«* ^** ^^ ^** ^'* ^«* ^«* ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ' 

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¥ 
¥ 




"J900 MODEL" 



WATERS WHITE SCORCHER 

RETAIL— $25^ 

Prompt deliveries on Gents' Models, 21, 22, 23 and 26-inch frames. 
Ladies' 21 and 22-inch frames 



We also have the most up-to-date JUVENILE on the market. 

Get our Catalogue and Trade Prices (they will interest you). 



F. S. WATERS CO 



■■■i 



165 WEST WASHINGTON ST., CHICAGO 



90 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



formed by the members C, D and E and 
the interposed balls. 

As above mentioned, the brake clutch, 
which is on the left side of the hanger, 
is identical in construction to the driving 
clutch with the exception that of neces- 
sity it is reversed. On the outer mem- 
ber of this clutch is tjae arm M which 
connects through the medium of the links 
N and O with the bell crank P. This bell 
crank is hung from the rear fork attach- 
ment Q in an obvious manner and car- 
ries at its lower end the brake spoon or 
shoe R. When the rider back pedals 
the brake clutch will set and carry the 
outer member backward in unison with 
the shaft. This forces the forward end 
of the bell crank P downward and hence 
throws the brake shoe R backward 
against the tire. 

The coaster lock previously mentioned 
comprises a threaded hole in the sprocket 
supporting ring G and a tap bolt L which 
passes through a suitable hole in the 
crank. This bolt L when in place of 
course locks the sprocket in rigid con- 
nection with the crank and shaft. But 
when the coasting mechanism is thus 
locked the brake can still be operated 
instantly against the rear tire in event 
of the breaking or throwing off of the 
chain. 

Facts About Trust Brakes Scarce. 

Two coaster brakes are manufactured 
by A. B. C. factories. One is the Colum- 
bia back-pedaling tire brake which op- 
erates by means of two clutches within 
the rear hub and an actuating rod run- 
ning to the brake spoon. The other is the 
Stearns hub brake which is distinctive in 
that it operates with braking force at 
both ends of the hub. It is the only type 
of compound hub brake now marketed 



in this country. The Stearns branch of 
the A. B. C. has not, however, advanced 
far enough in its manufacture to offer it 
for general use. 

Inquiry at the various Chicago head- 
quarters for A. B. C. bicycles failed to 
elicit any definite information concern- 
ing the exact interior construction of 
these brakes. None of the trust men 
whom a Cycle Age representative inter- 
viewed had ever seen the interior of 
either brake, nor cared to take it apart, 
nor was aware that anyone connected 
with the respective trust houses knew 
how the brakes operated, nor was the 
possessor of any drawings, illustrations 
or cuts showing the interior mechanism. 
The concensus of opinion as expressed 
naively by one trust representative was: 
"If the prospective customer is not sat- 
isfied to buy after looking at the outside 
I am not going to bother trying to tell 
him about the inside in order to make a 
sale. It works and that's all I care about 
it." 

Change in New Departure. 

Since the New Departure coaster brake 
was described in this series of articles 
the New Departure Bell Co. of Bristol, 
Conn., has announced that the brake hub 
is now constructed with flanges for regu- 
lar bent spokes instead of with radial 
lugs for straight spokes. Another change 
which has been made is that the brake 
cap is formed as an integral part of the 
hub shell. Removing the right hand 
ball cup permits the removal of the en- 
tire mechanism of the hub, while lifting 
off the arm and cover to the brake cap 
exposes the braking mechanism. It is 
thus not necessary to remove the brake 
cap when lacing up the wheel nor is any 
special spoke required. Regular length 



bent spokes are used and the whole meth- 
od of application of the brake to a wheel 
is much simplified. 




English Chain Rivet. 

Among recently granted English cycle 
patents is one for the chain riveting 
method shown in the accompanying illus- 
tration. The object of the method as 
stated by the inventor is to permit the 
use of rivets which are hardened thor- 
oughly throughout. The reduced end of 
each rivet is rounded slightly at the 
edge and is countersunk as shown. The 
diameter, however, of this reduced por- 
tion is slightly greater than the diameter 
of the hole in the soft steel side plate. 



M^y-'^'^^-^^^ 



Thus, the inventor figures, when the pin 
is driven into the side link it will wedge - 
itself with nearly sufficient security. 
Further wedging of the parts is provided 
by turning over the projecting edge of 
the rivet, thus being done by driving a 
punch into the countersink in the end 
of the pin. The patentee of this chain 
may be right in supposing that a hard- 
ened steel rivet can be spun over at the 
end more easily than it can be pounded 
down under an ordinary riveting ham- 
mer but he is certainly wrong in calcu- 
lating that a hardened pin can be driven 
into a hole smaller than itself without 
destroying the accuracy of the softer 
piece through which it is forced. 



Value of Broad Education. 

At the Technical Institute Engineering 
Society, Coventry, a lecture was recently 
given upon "The Value of Technical Ed- 
ucation," in which it was pointed out 
that every workman, if he wished to be 
thoroughly conversant with his labor, 
must know something more than how to 
mechanically and repeatedly do his own 
special work; he must acquaint himself 
thoroughly with the principles which un- 
derlie the industry. The fact that cycle 
engineers were not sufficiently well ac- 
quainted with pattern making, for in- 
stance, was commented upon, says an 
English exchange, and the lecturer 
pointed out instances where manufac- 
turers had rushed to the pattern maker 
with a job that "must be done to-mor- 
row," while the latter was well awaie 
that the work would necessitate at least 
three days to be properly done. Several 
models were utilized for the purposes of 
illustration, and a special appeal was 
made to the audience to take an intelli- 
gent interest in all they did. The lec- 
turer also spoke of the short-sighted 
policy of manufacturers in endeavoring 
to keep each man to his own special 
work. For instance, many employers 
stipulate that the draughtsman shall not 
be allowed in the works; that the lathe 
hand has no business outside the ma- 
chine shop; and the fitter must be at his 
vise. The speaker contended that each 
man would be better in his own special 
department by acquiring a general 
knowledge of the industry; and conse- 
quently of more value, as a productive 
being, to his employers. 



Views Showing Construction ol Doremus Automatic Tire Brake. 



Retail Methods Improved. 

The dealers of today are closer together 
in business usages than ever before, and 
the eastern dealer and western dealer are 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



91 



....For ■ 

Quality and Price 



I 



1900 ADMIRAL— $25.00 



WRITE US. 




March= Davis 
Cycle Mfg, 



Co.... 



^ 



-CHICAGO 



riakers of 

Bicycles for the Jobbing Trade 

Exclusively 



Our Large Output Enables Us to Give the Best Value Obtainable for the rioney. 



S3?a^33ss?^s3ss5s^asas5^^as8?i^3ssasase?^^3ss5a^3ssas23 




WOULDN'T IT ANNOY YOU? 

ir YOU HHD PERSUADED YOUR CUSTOMERS 
TO HAVE SOHE OTHER ADJUSTABLE BAR 

ON THEIR WHEEi^ AND THEN THEY 
LEARNED that the 

rPEDRicK adjustable 

HANDLE BAR 

IS THE ONLY ONE which CANNOT 
ESLL DOWN UNDER hny ciRCunsTHNces 
HND IS riTTCD WITH INVISIBLE INTER- 
NAL EXPANDER, 

NOW, wouldnt it make 

YOU MAD? 



MAKERS: 

150 |iira;sj0mit §kxxti.. 





CONSTRUCTION 



$35 



PIONEER 

MODEL A 
Is Correct— A Profitable Seller 



$35 



HUNTINGTON MFG. CO. 

HUNTINGTON, IND. 



$25 



PIONEER 

MODEL B 
Oenerously Good — Terms Right 



$25 



92 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



doing business nearer along the same 
lines than ever in the past, and the time 
is rapidly approaching when the business 
methods will be much the same in every 
section of the country, which if it does 
not mean more pleasure and profit for 
the dealer, will relieve the manufacturer 
and wholesaler of considerable office 
work, and is really a condition to be 
hoped for by all. 

It must not be supposed, says Farm Ma- 
chinery, that the time will ever be when 
all men engaged in business will follow 
the one pattern in store arrangement or 
the identical system of bookkeeping, or 
that all can hope to be alike successful, 
any more than that we may expect the 
future generation to all look alike and 
have the same likes and dislikes; but it 
is a fact that by reason of rapid transit, 
which has within the present century 
practically annihilated distance, brought 
the people closer together, and with the 
American this means to learn and hold 
on to the best. 

No other class of merchants in the 
country has made more rapid strides 
towards the higher business plane than 
the dealers, who at best only a few years 
ago were looked upon, generally speak- 
ing, not as business men, but as some- 
thing more of a mixture of blacksmith, 
farmer and would-be business man. Go 
into the dealer's store today and you find 
altogether a different place to what you 
found there a few years ago. He is a 
business man now. He knows how to 
keep his store, his books: he is a collect- 
or, too. and he appreciates the difference 
in buying and selling for casb. and buy- 
ing and selling on "long time." 



Best Way to Splice a Tufce. 

O. G. Pendill of Battle Creek, Mich., 
suggests the inner tube splicing method 




3hown in the accompanying illustration. 
The scheme is an old one but it is pre- 
sented because the majority of repair 
men are not familiar with the manner 
of folding an inner tube that the simplest 
of splicing devices — a short round stick 
— may be utilized, in fact the marketing 
of various two, three and even four part 
devices supposed to assist the repairer 
to accomplish such work shows that 
even many tire experts have yet to learn 
the simple kink here shown. 

The stick has preferably rounded ends 
as shown at A. The first thing to do in 
placing the tube on the stick is to fold 
one end backward over itself, or inside 
out, for a distance of about six inches 
and to then refold the extreme end to 
bring the outside surface to the outside 
again as shown at B. The length of this 
second fold is gauged by the length of 
overlap desired to make the splice. The 
tube end thus folded is then pulled over 
the end of the stick as at C. The other 
end of the tube is now given a single fold 
backward for the distance which is neces- 
sary to afford proper cementing space as 



shown at D. This end of the tube is now 
pulled over the stick as shown at E, leav- 
ing the two extremities of the tube ready 
to cement and overlap. When these op- 
erations have been completed the stick 
may be readily withdrawn. Of course 
the operation of splicing together two 
sections of a butt end tube are the same 
as when splicing together the ends of an 
annular tube, 

Gocd Window Advertising. 

A Chicago store dealing in men's fur- 
nishing goods recently originated an ad- 
vertising scheme which might be adopted 




by any bicycle dealer. The store referred 
to had a large west front and when 
suuuj- spring afternoons arrived it was 
found that the dazzling light of "old 
Sol" was detrimental to' the goods dis- 
played in the window, hence a large cur- 
tain was pulled over the window and on 
it painted a representation of the sun to- 
gether with the words, "The sun our 
only competitor." The accompanying 
illustration shows the way in which this 
rather cute combination of utility and 
advertising alertness may be adapted to 
the cycle store. 



Repairman's Cone Grinder. 

An English concern has designed the 
grinding machine shov.'n herewith. It 
is especially adapted for use in repair 
shops to accomplish such work as grind- 
ing hub and hanger cones both old and 
new. The makers assert that the work 
which it will turn out is as accurate as 
that which is accomplished on more ex- 
pensive and elaborate grinding machines. 
It is provided with a special counter- 
shaft having a broad, flat pulley whose 
belt drives the emery wheel spindle, and 
another grooved pulley or sheave which 
drives at the proper speed the work to 
be ground, the latter being held in its 
spindle, or any suitable arbor, placed be- 
tween the centers of the grinding ma- 
chine. A rest is also supplied for gen- 
eral light grinding. Such a machine if 




ably be advisable if the manufacture of 
such machines were undertaken here to 
provide one pattern arranged for foot 
power drive. 



Indianapolis Dealers to Race. 

One of the features of the Decoration 
day race meet at Newby Oval which will 
be appreciated by the bicycle riders of 
Indianapolis, will be a race arranged for 
the bicycle dealers of the city. A repre- 
sentative of every firm handling bicycles 
iu Indianapolis will be entered in the 
event, which will be a mile open. Under 
the conditions governing" the race, the 
first three men to cross the tape win, 
while those who finish in the ruck will 
get together and buy a supper tor the 
successful riders. The rivalry in the 
street between the several dealers is in- 
tense; and on the track it will be even 
more so, as the winners will immediate- 
ly claim that the superiority of their 
mounts was wholly responsible tor the 
outcome. 



Convenient Bicycle Rack. 

The accompanying illustration pre- 
sents the cycle shop or store rack which 
is suggested by A. E. Snow of Kewanee 
111. The rack is secured to the waU 
about four feet from the floor and 
comprises a platform or frame and 
pairs of oblique -strips or rods for re- 
taining the bicycle wheels. These pairs 
of rods are alternated in short and long 
lengths and are about eight inches apart. 
In placing bicycles in the rack the front 
wheel of one machine is set into a pair 
of the longer oblique rods and its rear 
wheel allowed to swing back until it 
touches the wall. In the next pair of 
rods, shorter ones, is placed the rear 




made in this country and supplied at 
reasonable rates might find a ready sale 
among our repairmen. It would prob- 



'm Cy^^^Ai'f 



wheel of a bicycle whose front wheel is 
hooked into a stout wire hook fastened 
for the purpose to the ceiling. It is very 
easy to remove or replace any bicycle in 
the rack without disturbing the others 
and on account of the alternate arrange- 
ment of the machines they may be placed 
very close together without interfering 
with each other in any way. The rack 
offers the additional advantage of clean- 
liness, it being possible to sweep the 
floor underneath without disturbing the 
bicycles. 

P. J. Scharbach of Woodburn, Ore., has 
invented a changeable gear chainless 
whose speed changing mechanism is at 
the rear wheel and comprises a face or 
crown gear and pinion, the face gear hav- 
ing two or more circumferential sets of 
teeth and the pinion being supplied with 
means whereby it may be shifted from 
one to another set of teeth. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



\!ii 



LATEST NON-INFRINGING BRACKET 



Patent Granted to Latta for Crank Hanger Which Evades Smith 
Patent Claims — Other Recent Inventions 



Letters patent last week granted to E. 
G. Latta, of Friendship, N. Y., constitute 
the latest addition to the independents' 
means for circumvention should the A. 
B. C. "millionaire" bottom bracket patent 
be by some hook or crook established In 
the courts as valid. Application for pat- 
ent for the Latta bracket was made in 
December, 1899. 

Mr. Latta in order to avoid a rigid 
transverse tube employs what is com- 
monly known as a three-lug construction 
at the bracket and secures the three tubes 
(front reach, seat mast and rear fork 
branch) to each other by means of a 
small three-branch socket, marked A in 
the accompanying illustration. This 
socket A has a transverse opening 
through its center for the passage of the 
crank shaft and the said opening extends 
through to the bottom of the socket 
piece. Between the lugs for the front 
x'each and seat mast, and seat mast and 
rear fork branch, respectively, are ribs 
BB. In each of these is a transverse hole. 
On the under side of the socket A are a 
pair of ribs CC. These are also provided 
with cross holes. 

The crank shaft ball cups are sup- 
ported in the respective outer ends of a 
pair of half-brackets or shells, DD, one 
section for each side. The inner ends of 
these half-bi-ackets are formed to fit 
snugly around the frame tubes. They 
are also formed with holes for the pass- 
age of bolts E and seats for suitable nuts 
and washers. 

It is evident that the two-part bracket 
may be slipped to place around the frame 
tube socket and securely fastened thereto 
by passing the bolts through the holes in 
the shell parts DD and through those in 
the webs B and C of the socket A. In 
this manner the crank bracket is secured 
removably to the frame and is hence free 
from the "great transgression." 

Any suitable form of crank or shaft 
construction may be used in connection 
with the bracket. 

In a modification of the above con- 
struction Mr. Latta shows the frame tube 



socket in the form of a hollow crescent 
shaped piece with flat sides, to which 
flanged barrel halves may be bolted di- 
rectly. In this instance the open under 
side of the crescent shaped socket is 
closed by a swinging piece hinged to one 
edge of the opening and adapted to lock 
with a spring catch at the other. 

Triple Frcmt Fork. 

In consideration of the great number 
of dangerous physical accidents due to 
broken front fork stems, it seems indeed 
a pity, that the strength and other ad- 
vantages of the triple steering head have 
not become more widely recognized. 

Many bicycle makers, dealers and rid- 
ers sustain a vague impression that the 
triple head is a strong sort of thing, but 
that its main usefulness is in multiplet 
or motocycle construction. Hence the 
almost universal manner of securing 
strength in front forks is to provide 
metal in proper bulk. 

As an engineering feat it is no nine- 
days wonder to put enough metal into a 
part to make it sufficiently strong for its 
purpose. First-class structural engineer- 
ing deals with distribution of material as 
well as with bulk and by proper distribu- 
tion seeks to reduce built to the' mini- 
mum. 

The triple steering head is the result of 
effort to so distribute the material in a 
front fork that it will serve in the best 
possible manner the purposes of strength, 
rigidity and speed. It is a logical engi- 
neering move and it is a common-sense 
move. 

In saying that the triple steering head 
serves other purposes than that of 
strength, the point is not mentioned care- 
lessly. The triple head yields rigidity of 
steering. Rigid, positive steering is safe 
and steady steering. For such riding as 
track racing on highly banked, short 
curved tracks rigid steering and steering 
parts which are rigid laterally afford a 
gain in mean efficiency, or, in other 
words, speed. 




In an ordinary front fork the strain 
thrown upward upon the head of the bi- 
cycle must be sustained by a single tube. 
To this tube are transferred the vibra- 
tions of two tubes, the fork blades. Thnt 
the single tube may be strong enough to 
take these wrecking vibrations safely, 
that th(! union between the one tube an<l 
the pair of tubes may be able to With- 
stand the centering of strains, bulk alone 
can be relied upon to insure against dis- 
aster. 

When the fork blades are run continu- 
ously from front axle to top of head, the 
strains and vibration to which thev are 




T^KTYiT/C /^/f: 



Latta's Recently Patented Non-Infringing Bottom Bracket, 



heir are evenly distributed. Side stresses 
come not upon one crown or bridge as in 
the single fork, but upon a solid structure 
within two bridges. 
' The triple head allows the fastening of 
the handle bars directly to the member to 
be turned by them — the fork blades. Such 
fastening insures against accident due to 
insecure fastening, a frequent occurence 
whei'e bars are fastened by a single tube 
within a single fork stem. Double fasten- 
ing of bars to fork blades also affords 
extremely rigid operation of bars. 

The trade is probably without any an- 
swer to the question of why it has not 
taken more general notice of the triple 
head other than that it has been diflli- 
dent in the matter. 

Letters patent were last week granted 
to C. F. Harrington of McKee & Harring- 
ton, manufacturers of the Lyndhurst bi- 
cycle at New York city, for the form of 
triple head now used on that bicycle. 
The illustrations herewith show clearly 
the essential elements of the invention. 

The handle bars, if it is desired to se- 
cure them directly to the fork blades, 
have at their center a cross arm drilled 
at each end. Through each of the holes 
passes the threaded split shank of a strap 
encircling the fork blade. Between the 
rear face of the cross arm and the front 
edge of the fork blade and surrounding 
the shank of the binding strap is a 
clamping block, and on the outer face of 
the cross arm is the nut which tightens 
the parts and secures that end of the 
handle bar cross arm firmly to the fork 
blade. The device is simple and positive 
and the bar may be reversed readily. 

Though the makers of the Lyndhurst 
are not the most widely known cycle 
manufacturers in the country, they de- 
serve considerable credit for having 
worked out the construction of the triple 
head in such a consistent manner. 

Result of Magnetism. 

J. E. O'Neill of Waupaca, Wis., is the 
patentee of a magnetic front fork regu- 
lator supposed to retain the front wheel 
normally in line with the frame so that 
when one stands his machine against a 
brick wall or hitching post it will not 



94 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



slip and skin its shins. It is probable, 
however, that the strongest magnetic 
force exerted in this case has to do with 
the hypnotic ability of the patent attor- 
ney who cajoled Mr. O'Neill to mortgage 
his finest heifer for the purpose of "rais- 
ing" the patent fees. 

The O'Neill Magnetic Bicycle Front 
Fork Regulator comprises a pair of plain 
permanent magnets, a pair of soft steel 
armatures and an abundance of faith. 
The faith is not specified in the patent 
claims, but is probably as important a 
factor in the Magnetic Regulator busi- 
ness as in the prayer-will-cure-your- 
every-pain industry. 

One magnet is secured to each side of 
the fork crown. Otie armature is secured 




vg'c'^r/^/fe 



to each side of the steering head. One 
armature touches one magnet. One rider 
exercises one large measure of faith. Re- 
sult: As long as one armature stays 
within the field of one magnet, one front 
fork will remain in approximate line 
with one frame, or in whatever position 
it was placed by one rider with one large 
measure of faith. 

Question to Mr. ONeill: Why not 
make the device of a pair of springs? 
Magnets strong enough to hold front 
wheel in position will exert the same 
amount of influence upon the steering of 
the machine as curved flat springs with 
sufficient friction pressure to afford the 
same control of the wheel. 

Answer by Mr. O'Neill: The magnet 
scheme is my pet idea. I deserve a pat- 
ent. 

Don't Do a Boy's Work. 

The wide awake merchant learns from 
his own experience, and from the experi- 
ence of others. From his successes he 
learns confldence. From the failures he 
learns the road to success. 

To be satisfled is to stop learning. To 
stop learning is to retrograde. There is 



no standing still. It's either push ahead 
or slide back, writes F. H. Hendryx in 
the Butcher's Advocate. 

The one thing made prominent in this 
day of great business enterprise is or- 
ganization. That is the lesson for the 
smaller merchants to learn today. Like 
the commander of an army, he knows 
what is going on at all times, and directs 
every move of his army. 

In the majority of stores, the proprie- 
tor, of necessity, must work behind the 
counter. In only a few of this class is the 
proper attention paid to the organizing of 
the business. Too many, it is feared, are 
like the grocery store where the mer- 
chant was rearranging the surplus stock 
and cleaning up the storeroom — doing 
work that a $4 per week boy out in the 
store ought to have been doing. The boy 
could do it just as well, while the mer- 
chant, inside the salesroom, could have 
made the boy's salary for the whole 
week during the same time. The propri- 
etor's time is too valuable to be devoted 
to jobs that any common apprentice can 
do. No merchant would think of paying 
a man $5 a day to clean cellar or store- 
room, yet many a merchant is doing that 
very thing when he takes hold of it him- 
self. 

Something inside is constantly demand- 
ing the attention of the manager, and un- 
less he is on hand a loss of some kind 
follows — if not of a direct proflt, then of 
the interest or attention of a clerk or the 
good will of a customer, or of their inter- 
est in your success. 

Have a distinct idea in your own mind 
of the way you want your business con- 
ducted. See that every clerk also has a 
clear understanding of it. Besides the 
mere waiting on customers, give each 
clerk some special duties that are his 
sole care and responsibility. Hold him 
strictly accountable for this proper atten- 
tion, and as he shows capability increase 
the responsibility. 

In unity is power. The unity of a mer- 
cantile business is in the one directing 
mind. This brings harmony of action, 
without which no merchant can hope for 
much success. 



The Use of Mirrors in Stores. 

The uses to which mirrors are put in 
the retail business in this country at the 
present time are unique if not wonderful. 
Much of the success of the modern meth- 
ods employed in the display of goods in 
all phases of the mercantile trade has 
been attained, says the Keystone, by the 
use of mirrors. The effect in showing ar- 
ticles of nearly every line has been great- 
ly augmented by the assistance of some 
one of the many styles of these reflectors. 

The time has passed when a conglom- 



eration of wares attracts attention. To- 
day such an exhibit does more harm than 
good. To make each article show to ad- 
vantage is the secret of the trimmer's 
art. He has no difficulty in carrying out 
his ideas with the aid of mirrors. The 
shapes and kinds are so varied that all 
sides of the goods can be seen to equal 
advantage. There is considerable saving 
in showing goods with the aid of re- 
flectors. Articles exposed to the rays of 
the sun in windows not only fade but are 
often ruined by dust and soiled by hand- 
ling. It is now possible with the use of 
mirrors to make a more complete show- 
ing with half the number of articles, or 
less. This minimizes in an appreciable 
degree what has always been an expen- 
sive, although a most excellent, feature 
for attracting attention. 

Mirrors also double the amount of light. 
The salesrooms and windows are made to 
show the goods clearer and brighter 
when strong lights are radiated. There 
is scarcely any effect in showing wares 
that cannot be produced by an artificial 
use of mirrors, and their comparative 
cheapness and aid in selling goods make 
them an indispensable adjunct to the re- 
tail store. They are profitable in almost 
every way. 



Ship as Directed. 

When a dealer specifies a certain route 
for shipment of machines or a certain 
means (mail, express or freight) for re- 
pairs it is to be assumed that he knows 
what he wants. The shipping forces of 
manufacturing and jobbing establish- 
ments have no option but to follow in- 
structions, notwithstanding it may be 
their opinion that another way is better 
for all concerned, says the Farm Imple- 
ment News. The naming of a certain 
route or means in itself signifies that the 
dealer has investigated the subject and 
made his choice with open eyes. Long 
delays and excessive charges may result 
from failure to follow the dealer's in- 
structions, giving him grounds for just 
claims against the shipper. 

A prominent Iowa dealer, speaking of 
this subject, said: "Failure to send goods 
aa ordered has been the cause of many 
delays, much annoyance and some ex- 
pense to me in the past. I know that the 
shippers aim to ship to best advantage 
and I, also, try to order to the best, as re- 
gards saving of time, expense, etc. If I 
make a mistake it is my loss, not theirs; 
if they will ship as ordered, no blame 
can attach to them. When I order a part 
sent by mail I don't expect it to come by 
express, and vice versa." 



Don't have your store look like every 
other store of its kind. 



Star Foot Power Lathes 



8 and 11-lnoh Swing. 

24, 86, 48 nnd 60 Inehts 

bttwttn eantart. 

Complete Screw Cutting, Bn- 
Klne I<athe8, with Automatic 
Cross Feed, with or without 
Compound Rest, Friction 
Countersbaft, etc., for Bicycle 
and Blectrlcal Work, Tool 
Makers and Gunsmiths, Tech- 
nical Schools and Fine Accu- 
rate Machine Shop Service. 

Send for Catalogue B. 

Seneca Falls Mfg. Co. 

' Ml Water St., SENECA PALLS, 
N. Y.. U. S. A. 




We Have the Best Proposition... 

in America for Dealers. We have made great preparations for 
1900 Business, and for THE FIRST TIME offer our line - 

...Direct from Our Factory to Dealers 

TE ISSUE THE FOIXOWING CATALOGS, COSTING US MANY THOUSAND DOLLARS TO 
PUBLISH, WHICH WE WILL BE PLEASED TO SEND TO ANY DEALER ON REQUEST: 



BICYCLES— A most complete line 
of the very highest grade bicyclcj 
made. . List from J35 to $&0. Our 
Clark model with guaranteed tires 
and Fauber pat. 1-piccc hanger Com- 
plete, for $12.45, 

5EWING MACHINE5-A big line, 
including our North American Ma- 
chine, in polished oak. with latest 
drop head cabmet. A $65.00 ma- 
chine in every detail for $15.00. 



AUTOMOBrLE AND AUTO PARTS 

— Ah interesting list— with the Amer- 
ican Pneumatic Tired Gasoline Run- 
About for $425.00. •Also complete 
parts, including running gear, motor, 
rims, spokes, hubs, tires, etc., etc., 
from which a beautiful Auto-Run- 
Aboul can be built for less than $350. 

Guns. Ammunition and Shooters' 
Accessories— A full and complete 
catalog of over 70 pages. 

Graphophones and Graphophone 
Record*— 125 pages. This line is 
very full and complete 



BICYCLE SUNDRIES— 100 pages. 

Illustrated, most complete, sundry 
catalog issued. Prices lower than 
any other concern on earth. Our 
American Special guaranteed tires a 
feature, at $2.95 per pair. 

SPORTING GOODS — Under this 
head we supply, in addition to a 
regular line of sporting goods, police, 
military, band, base ball and gym- 
nasium uniforms. We lead the world 
on this line. 



Wc have a most Complete Stock of Repairs and can supply nearly any 
part for every Bicycle and Sewing Machine ever manufactured. . . . 



BY PERMISStOV- \ '•'■' ''""" *«"f"> ■ ^•t' 



NORTH AMERICAN ARMS CO. 

North Am. Bldg., Oor. Harrison & Olark St.., Ohioago 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



95 



INFORMATION FOR BUYERS 



MAKE TONS OF TIRE TAPE. 



Growing Business of Michigan Cement and 
Sundry Co. Kecessitates I^arger Quarters. 



tion she had ever tried and that It was use- 
ful for far more than the stated three pur- 
poses, asked innocently if It might not be 
used for sticking patching rubber to inner 
tubes. 



THRIVING NORTHERN INDUSTRY 



Superior Cycle Co, Forging Ahead Along 
Original I<ines— Well Equipped Factory. 



Realizing the necessity for increased facil- 
ities the Michigan Cement & Sundry Co. has 
recently moved into the Reddick building 
on Front street, in Niles, Mich., where it is 
now settled with improved machinery at a 
great cost of labor and money. While it 
has been delayed in shipments of late, the 
increased capacity prepares it for the rush 
that is on now. Its entire output for IflOO 
is practically sold. 

For a period of four years the Tappan 
brothers (C. Q. and G. C.) have been push- 
ing their business in the manufacture of 
bicycle cement, tape and other cycle sun- 
dries. Both are educateki gentlemen, the 
former being a graduate of the Michigan 
State university and an educator of large 
experience, and the latter a registered phar- 
macist and chemist of much experience and 
rare ability. Together they are peculiarly 
gualified for the business they have entered. 

Their products, known as the Eagle bicy- 
cle sundries, have been introduced in every 
state in the union and a large export bus- 
iness has been developed. The amount of 
business on their books today is five times 
their total output for 1899. 

The cement department is the oldest in 
the industry, and their cements are recog- 
nized as having no superior in the market. 
The tape department is one of the largest 
of its kind in the United States, the capa- 
city being 1,400 pounds of bicycle or electric 
tape every twenty-four hours. The daily 
output now requires about 1,000 yards of a 
special grade of cloth. The orders at this 
time amounts to about seventy-five tons of 
this item, which requires a large number of 
hands to operate this department. They deal 
only with jobbers and the largest trade; 
hence, their shipments are no small portion 
of the railroad business of Niles. 

During their existence in Niles the Tap- 
pan brothers have paid out many thousands 
of dollars for labor and are continually in- 
creasing their capacity and demand for em- 
ployees. 

Good Words for the Morrow. 

The following self explanatory letter to 
the Eclipse Bicycle Co. of Elmira, N. YT, 
may help to clear in the minds of many 
whatever previously existing doubt there 
might have been regarding the efficacy of a 
reliable coaster brake fitted to a tandem: 

Northampton, Mass., May 18.— Gentlemen: 
—We wish to say a few words of praise for 
your coaster and brake hub. Mr. Duffy 
and myself recently took a ride on our 
tandem which was fitted with one of your 
hubs, and thought we would give it a thor- 
ough test. We went to Holyoke and came 
back over Mt. Tom, about six hundred feet 
high, and the brake held the entire length 
of the grade with no damage to the hub, 
with the exception of heating it quite hot, 
and we wish to say that we think you have 
the best and safest brake on the market. 
We ran a great risk by doing such an act, 
but we thought it was a good place to test 
the brake on a tandem, and we are perfect- 
ly satisfied. We are putting on quite a few 
of them and hope to put on more on ac- 
count of the test. Wishing you the very 
best success in the future, we remain. 
Yours respectfully, Purseglove & Duffy. 



Is a Widely Known Compound. 

So thoroughly have the manifold purposes 
of that ever useful compound "3-in-l" been 
preached to the public by the advertising 
and sales departments of G. W. Cole & Co. 
of New York city that the laity of the cycle 
trade is coming to believe it a sort of inex- 
pensive panacea for a multitude of bicycle 
ailments. This was impressed upon the 
mind of a Cycle Age man recently while 
standing near a sundries counter in a large 
Chicago store. A woman, among other pur- 
chasers, bought a bottle of "3-in-l" and 
after remarking to the salesman that it was 
the best cleaning and lubricating prepara- 



Cotnpliments Manson. 



In a recent issue the Rockford (111.) Re- 
public comments at length upon the fact 
that the bicycle trust is a trust the same as 
other large corporations which have long 
since earned the name, and calls to the at- 
tention of Rockford people that one indepen- 
dent bicycle manufacturer should deserve 
their patronage both because of his ener- 
getic pursuance of an honest independent 
policy and because he is an old Rockford 
man. The manufacturer to whom reference 
is thus made is Mr. Louis Manson, head of 
the Manson Cycle Co. of Chicago. The man- 
ner in which the Rockford paper speaks 
of his business is antithetical to the well 
known proverb telling that a prophet will 
get no bouquets in his own country. 



Perfection Gas Lamp. 

The accompanying illustration presents the 
interior construction of the Perfection acety- 
lene gas lamp manufactured by the Perfec- 
tion Gas Lamp Co. of New Haven, Conn. 
The lamp is compact in construction and 




-mc/^.if^^ 



stands G inches high. The makers state that 
it will burn six hours under proper manage- 
ment. The carbide is contained in a cup 
whose cover, though normally retained by a 
spring flange, will lift under the influence 
of the expansion of the slacking carbide and 
whose under side is lined with felt to filter 
the gas before it reaches the combustion 
chamber. The water drips through a care- 
fully made needle valve and passes out into 
the carbide through a central felt covered 
distributor. The carbide cup is held in posi- 
tion against the bottom screw cap of the 
lamp body by a spiral spring located within 
the central water distributing well. Both 
the water feed valve and the filling plug 
are within easy access at the top of the 
lamp. The bracket connection comprises a 
corrugated sphere allowing adjustment to 
any desired position. The burner tip fur- 
nishes a fish-tail flame and the light pro- 
jected is asserted to be fully up to the 
standard. 

Breckenridge Lamp Girf. 

The recently published poster or wall 
hanger now being distributed by the E. P. 
Breckenridge Co. of Toledo, portrays a pret- 
ty maiden standing in the dark and gra- 
ciously turning the rays of a Breckenridge 
gas lamp into her face that passers may not 
go on their way unpossessed of the knowl- 
edge of her beauty. The hanger is Brecken- 
ridge good. 

The drawing bench and the rolling depart- 
ments of the Atlantic Tube Co. works at 
Beaver Falls. Pa., were put on double turn 
early this month, giving employment to 
many extra workmen. 



The Superior Cycle Co. of West Superior, 
Wis., is doing a thriving little business in the 
manufacture of Superior bicycles in its fac- 
tory at Thirteenth and Banks streets. The 
factory was kept busy for ten hours a day 
all through the winter building frames for 
the fine models it is selling this season, prin- 
cipally through the new retail store at 1213 
Tower avenue, which the company has 
opened this spring for retail trade in its 
own bicycles and in sundries and for repair 
work, which, however, will be done at the 
factory. 

W. R. Martin, proprietor and manager, is 
an all-round mechanic and a lover of fine 
tools, as will be seen by an examination of 
the factory. He has the latest improved 
machine tools, comprising all the necessary 
machinery for the manufacture of bicycles, 
and in addition other tools that make a 
complete machine and pattern shop, of 
which he makes good use during the slack 
part of the bicycle season in bringing out 
new inventions. He now intends to turn 
his attention to getting up an automobile 
as soon as the spring ruslh is over for bicy- 
cles. It was with this object in viejv that 
he secured some new machines before the 
price of same had advanced, one of which 
is a massive engine lathe weighing about 
7,500 pounds. 

The Superior models comprise a light road 
racer, whose distinguishing feature is its 
narrow tread; a 28-inch wheel roadster for 
men and a 30-inch men's roadster with large 
tubing for big men; and two styles of wom- 
en's machines. The Superior cycles are es- 
pecially designed so as to distribute the 
weight of the rider almost between the two 
wheels, the saddle being almost directly over 
the pedals. 

Another feature which deserves special 
mention is the brazing, which is done in 
the most thorough manner. A coat of fire- 
proof paste is applied to the joint before 
going into the fire, an invention of Mr. Mar- 
tin's which prevents the tubing from scaling 
in heating to a brazing heat. After the 
frames are filed and polished, they are treat- 
ed to a coat of mineral anti-rust, then put 
into the oven and baked several hours at 
about 200 degrees. They are then rubbed 
down and are ready for enamel, it being 
Mr. Martin's experience that enamel does 
not adhere so well to steel as it does to the 
mineral coating. The cheaper machines are 
enameled in red, blue and green, but the 
more expensive ones are enameled only in a 
beautiful bronze green which gives a 
changeable effect from dark to brilliant 
green, as the light strikes it. 



"White Scorchers" at Low Prices. 

The F. S. Waters Co., 155 West Washing- 
ton street, Chicago, is sending out with its 
catalogue of complete and stripped bicycles 
a net trade price list on which are quoted 
some extremely low cash prices for all of 
the various patterns of Waters "White 
Scorcher" and juvenile bicycles. The com- 
pany in addition to making a specialty of 
reliable bicycles at close margin prices is 
prepared to furnish promptly tandems, 
triplets and carrier cycles as well as single, 
tandem and triplet frame and fittings. The 
Waters crank hanger which, it is reported, 
is meeting with a ready sale, is of the one- 
piece variety and is made under Fauber 
patents. 



Good Figures on Tires. 

The Cycle Supply Co. of Hartford, Conn., 
is quoting the trade, through the medium 
of a special postal card, uncommonly low 
prices on good tires. One of the brands in- 
cluded is a fully guaranteed tire and the 
others are said to be well made and well 
worth the money a.-^ked. Dealers are cau- 
tioned to order promptly if they desire to 
obtain any of the tires at the figures quoted 
as the prices are subject to change without 
notice. 



96 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



THE PASTIME AND SPORT 



Elkcs Loses Through a FaU. 

Harry Bikes' return match with Ed- 
ouard Taylor, the French hour champion, 
pulled off in Antwerp last Sunday, May 
20, resulted in an unfortunate defeat for 
the plucky American boy, who has yet to 
cast his first vote in his native land. The 
race was a fifty-mile match, motor tan- 
dem paced. After covering twenty-five 
miles, Elkes fell, but, remounting, re- 
gained so much of his lost ground that 
he began to push his worthy French 
rival hard enough to make the rest of the 
race very exciting and to finish only 300 
meters to the bad. 

Considering his mishap and the man- 
ner in which he recovered what he lost 
by the fall, there is every reason for be- 
lieving that had it not been for this he 
would certainly have won the contest, 
and that, despite the fall, he would have 
won if the race had been a mile or two 
longer. The American lad showed such 
fine form and good action in his training 
previous to the race that the best French 
critics, after carefully comparing him 
with Taylor in training, were unable to 
favor either rider, and, except for the 
natural prejudice of his nativity, Taylor 
was if anything less of a favorite than 
Bikes. The critics concede that, while 
Taylor is more graceful in appearance 
and smoother in action than Harry, 
Elkes. Of forty-four racing men training 
at the Prince track, whose opinions were 
asked, twenty favored Taylor and twenty- 
two favored Elkes, while two were unde- 
cided. The critics concede that, while 
more pluck and better staying qualities 
than Taylor. The Frenchman usually 
has a "bad spell" in his races at about 
twenty miles, and is then easily discour- 
aged and inclined to quit. Certainly both 
nations will await with keen interest the 
outcome of a third and decisive match, 
and meanwhile will see how each com- 
pares with others in the Berlin four-day, 
three-hours-a-day race, which begins this 
week. 

Road Race Generously Supported. 

Indianapolis dealers have come for- 
ward so generously with prizes for the 
annual Decoration day road race over 
the Broad Ripple course that the list is 
not only larger this year than ever be- 
fore but the individual prizes are re- 
ported to be more valuable. More than 
a dozen bicycles have been put up, which 
is three times as many as were ever of- 
fered before. Entry blanks have been 
scattered through Indiana, western 
Ohio, Illinois and Kentucky. Already 
numerous entries have been received, 
and every day for the last two weeks 
letters have been received asking for in- 
formation concerning the race. 

The course this year has been extend- 
ed, until it covers twenty-five miles of 
Marion county roads, and is one of the 
best racing courses in the country. Near- 
ly all of the old Broad Ripple course is 
covered, and in addition a long stretch 
of road along the east bank of White 
river, as far north as Dawson's bridge. 
It is one of the smoothest and best roads 
in the country. The race will start and 
finish on the track of the Business Men's 
Driving Club. 

Discussing Incorporation of the League. 

The committee on revision of the con- 
stitution of the League of American 
Wheelmen, appointed at the national as- 
sembly in February, was called to meet 



in Washington, D. C, on Thursday, May 
24. The executive committee of the 
league, composed of Conway Sams, presi- 
dent; A. B. Choate, vice-president, and 
R. T. Kingsbury, second vice-president, 
will meet on the same date. By far the 
most important subject to be discussed at 
both of these conferences is the bearing 
of the recent law, permitting the incor- 
poration of such bodies as the L. A. W., 
on the future policy of the league. Milo 
Belding, chief consul of the New York 
state division, says: "The league will be 
incorporated, and that within a year. 
There is not the slightest doubt about it. 
I do not believe that there will be any 
opposition to it. I understand that Pres- 
ident Sams is personally in favor of such 
a step, and recognizes the fact that this is 
feasible in New York state only." 

President Blaurock Succeeded by Cooke. 

John A. Blaurock, who was elected to 
the presidency of the National Cycling 
Association just previous to his sailing 
for Paris, wherS he represented the or- 
ganization before the executive of the 
French cycling union.resigned his official 
position in New York last Thursday. This 
action had been expected for some time, 
as Mr. Blaurock, though keenly interest- 
ed in cycle racing, is too busy a man to 
give the N. C. A. the time and attention 
he felt it should have, and had contem- 
plated stepping down to make room for 
another who can look after the growing 
details of the office. He is succeeded in 
office "by George Cooke, president of the 
Harlem Wheelmen, who was appointed 
to the place. 

Talked Cycle Paths to Toledo CounciL 

Bicycle paths were discussed last Thurs- 
day night at a meeting of a sub-commit- 
teee of the streets committee of the To- 
ledo common council, appointed to confer 
with the wheelmen of the city, who had 
begun to complain of the neglect of the 
authorities to sanction the building of 
paths proposed by cyclists out of 
the funds raised from the li- 
censing of bicycles. The mem- 
bers of the sub-committee were 
Messrs. Braunschweiger, Stark and Ga- 
rand, and the cause of the wheelmen was 
represented by Milton Gill, W. G. Alex- 
ander, Charles R. Clapp, Fred Ayling and 
other prominent cyclists. The different 
resolutions for paths in various parts of 
the city were discussed in a friendly 
manner, and the visitors gave the coun- 
cilmen the benefit of the wheelmen's 
point of view. No definite action was 
taken, but it seemed to be the sense of 
the committee that paths should be built 
on Cherry street, between the bridge and 
Summit street, and on Madison street, be- 
tween St. Clair and Summit. It is likely 
that legislation for these and perhaps 
some others will be introduced after a 
further investigation by the committee. 

To Consider Suspensions at Newark. 

The executive committee of the Ameri- 
can Racing Cyclists' Union will hold its 
meeting in a few days at Newark, when 
all the members can be present. The 
committee desires that the riders seeking 
a reconsideration of their suspensions 
will appear before them to plead their 
own cases. The delay in holding the 
meeting at Louisville was brought about 
by the absence of three important mem- 
bers. Nat Butler, Major Taylor and Tom 
Butler will be at Newark. 



Racing Men Changing Their Mounts. 

The anti-trust infection has spread to 
the racing men. Feeling a resentment, 
perhaps unjustified but nevertheless un- 
avoidable, toward the American Bicycle 
Co. for its refusal to employ any racing 
men this season, the American Cyclists' 
Racing Union, wfiich includes all the star 
ciixuit chasers and many middle distance 
riders, has decided that, since the trust 
will not support the racing men, its mem- 
bers will not assist in popularizing the 
trust's machines by riding them on the 
race track this season. No official action 
has as yet been taken, and probably none 
will be taken, as it will not be necessary, 
the men themselves voluntarily and in 
many cases from preference changing 
their old mounts for machines made by 
independent builders. 

The men now realize that the natural 
and consistent policy of the big combi- 
nation to curtail expenses in every possi- 
ble direction means that the riders need 
no longer look to it for employment, and_. 
now that they are free to make their own 
choice of mounts, their selections are 
likely to cause considerable surprise. And 
notwithstanding many prominent makers 
have held that track racing does not pay 
as an advertisement of bicycles, the se- 
lection of certain machines by the riders 
this year promises to be the making of 
several manufacturers and small builders 
who have never before occupied a promi- 
nent place in the trade. For example, 
several of the riders who have been train- 
ing at Louisville have taken a liking to 
the Nelson Special, which is built in Chi- 
cago by the Nelson brothers and is ridden 
on the track by John Nelson. It prom- 
ises to become popular for use in follow- 
ing pace. Again, Eddie Bald astonished 
himself and all his friends a few days ago 
at Louisville by going a mile back of pace 
in 1:35 on a Hedstrom Special, built down 
east by Oscar Hedstrom. His success so 
pleased the ex-champion that he imme- 
diately traded his jEormer mount for it 
and paid a large bonus. Hedstrom has 
also put out several motor tandems that 
are so well liked for pacing purposes that 
several prominent riders are anxious to 
secure other similar machines from him. 

May Prove If Racing Pays or Not. 

The great change in the racing game 
that has made it necessary for the riders 
to find their own mounts has had the 
effect of turning their attention in some 
cases to machines little ueard of before, 
and, finding these quite as fast and trusty 
as the better known makes, have decided 
to adopt them. Other independent ma- 
chines besides those mentioned that w.ll 
by ridden by the star riders on the cir- 
cuit and in big match races this season 
will be the always well liked Orient,^ the 
National and Yale and Dayton, all looked 
upon with much tavor; the Pierce, which 
is also popular, and probably also the 
Eagle, and several others, these being 
mentioned by way of example. Whether 
racing pays or not as conducted several 
years ago, the effect of th;s cannot but be 
beneficial to the makers of these ma- 
chines, who, in most cases, will not be 
paying high salaries to the riders of 
them. The injurious effect on the trust 
may be very slight, if it is felt at all, yet 
it is well known that it was the use on 
the track of the best known trust ma- 
chines today that did most to popularize 
them in the days gone by, and anything 
that tends to increase the popularity of, 
and consequently the demand for. inde- 
pendent machines cannot be deemed 
"good medicine" for the trust. 










\ 



123* \\ \Ji 



3^^^4J^(, 







CYCLE AGE OFFICE, MAY 24, J900 



Special 
Numbers 



The first issue of the Cycle 
Age in each month hereafter, 
commencing June 6, will con- 
stitute a Special Dealers' Trade 
Number of increased size and 
interest. 

Subscriptions for the . . . 

Twelve 
Numbers 

will be accepted at the rate of 

One Dollar. 



Information for Buyers will 
be one of the prominent fea- 
tures. 

Hints for repairmen, me- 
chanical topics, dealers' doings, 
profuse illustrations and a .sum- 
mary of the previous month's 
events will form part of the 
contents. 

The circulation of the June 
6 number will cover 



Every 
Dealer in 
New England 



whose name appears on the 
Cycle Age's records, beside the 
regular list. 

For the first of these Special 
Numbers there will be no in- 
crease in advertising rates. 



Monon Bldg. 



THE CYCLE AGE 

CHICAQO 



I^BREVIFY IS EFFECTIVE 

When you have something to say, say 
it and be done. Force is either com- 
pressed or lost in words. The fewer 
words the more force, as a rule. Same 
way with ads. Don't say too much. 
Get at the essential points of your goods 
— those points that will attract interest. 
Then study the briefest possible expres- 
sions for them. Sometimes you can ex- 
press whole volumes in a picture. Use a 
picture. Perhaps a few terse sentences 



will tell the whole story. Set them in 
white space where they will be seen. Suc- 
cessful advertising is frequently the re- 
sult of knowing what should remain un- 
said. A good thing will get out and make 
friends, if it is properly introduced. No 
verbosity or bluster is needed. — Advertis- 
ing Experience. 



EFFECT IS LIKE MOMENTUM 

The too general impression that adver- 
tising should always bring immediate 
profits is responsible for a great many ad- 
vertising failures. Advertising is, and 
should be, regarded as nothing more than 
investment. When a man invests money 
in an enterprise of any kind he doesn't 
expect to realize a profit in the day after 
he invests the money; he's content if he 
gets a profit six or twelve months after 
making the investment. 

Very few businesses pay from the be- 
ginning. Gold mining is usually consid- 
ered a profitable business, and yet the ex- 
pense incident to the opening of a gold 
mine is sometimes enormous. It matters 
not how rich the vein of gold may be, be- 
fore the money invested can bring a prof- 
it the first dollar's worth of gold taken 
from the mine will have cost many times 
its value. The expenditure of money in 
opening the mine brings no immediate 
profit, but the investor knows that this 
expense is necessary in order to derive 
future profits. It's a great deal like that 
in advertising. Money invested in ad- 
vertising new articles rarely brings im- 
mediate profits. Confidence must be es- 
tablished; the good will of the people 
must be developed. One's first advertis- 
ing merely prepares the soil and makes it 
possible for future advertising to pay. 

Success in any line is usually the re- 
sult of long-continued effort. It's the 
cumulative force of all past efforts acting 
upon present efforts that brings success. 
This cumulative force might be likened 
to momentum. . It requires the expendi- 
ture of much energy to start a heavy 
freight train, but when once fairly start- 
ed the energy expended in moving the 
train the fii'st foot will probably move it 
twenty feet. Likewise, when once fairly 
started, one's advertising will bring con- 
stantly increasing returns because of the 
cumulative force engendered by all past 
advertising. — Printer's Ink. 



There will be money in the automobile 
trade later on. Prepare for entering it by 
reading the Motor Age. 



DISPLAY CARDS 

FOR YOUR STORE WINDOWS 



iiiaiilHIJaiHSiS&UlfifHHHSiHIilKaaHHSllJi^HSJEMMl 




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Supplied Dealers witbottt charge. Send 
stamp to cover postage. 

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in your local advertising, .50 cents. 



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THE CYCLE AGE, Monon BIdg., Chicago 



98 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



FINE SPORT AT VAILSBURG 



Eaton Defeats Freeman and Kramer Wins 

Scratch Race — Dead Heats With 

McFarland in Handicap. 



New York, May 21. — Four thousand per- 
sons at Vailsburg yesterday saw a series 
of the fastest and most sensational races 
ever run at that track. The afternoon's 
sport was so replete with incidents 
worthy of extended comment that it is 
hardly possible to pick the pre-eminent 
feature of the racing. 

The Freemah-Eaton match at mile 
heats was billed as the leading event of 
the card. Eaton won it with so little ex- 
tra effort that if Freeman's riding be a 
line on the other professionals who have 
been racing in California and doing such 
fast sprinting at Louisville, it is evident 
that the "indoor king" should occupy as 
prominent a place this season in the open 
air as he has formerly held under cover, 
at least so far as match racing goes. Mer- 
tens paced and the men tossed for the 
place behind him. Freeman took it in 
the first heat. At the curve Eaton jumped 
by him and won by a length in 2:15 2-5, 
with his head turned and smiling. 

In the second heat the positions behind 
pace were reversed. When Mertens 
dropped out Eaton swung up on the curve 
as they entered the back stretch. Free- 
man thought he saw a chance for a jump 
and made the effort, but Jay overhauled 
him and beat him in the stretch by a foot 
or so, winning in 2:22 2-5. 

Kramer I^eaves Fast Bunch Anchored. 

Frank Kramer for the first time in his 
professional career showed the marvelous 
and unapproachable burst of speed his 
admirers have claimed for him. When- 
ever he unwinds such a sprint as he did 
in the final of the half-mile open. Cooper. 
Kiser, Bald and Stevens will have their 
hands full to keep in the running. Such 
speedy riders as Eaton. Freeman. Fisher 
and Downing, who were in the final with 
him, certainly could not hold him for a 
minute yesterday. At the pistol crack 
Downing took the lead, followed in order 
by Freeman, Kramer, Eaton and Fisher. 
At the bell Downing took the string, 
trailing along in this order. At the eighth 
pole, some twenty yards before they 
struck the last curve. Kramer suddenly 
pulled out of the line and set sail on his 
own hook. He fiashed by Downing and 
Freeman as though they were anchored, 
tore around the curve like a runaway 
horse and beat the field easily by fully 
two lengths. Fisher led the bunch, with 
Freeman and Eaton following him in or- 
der. It had been a loaf the first lap, so 
the time, 1:05 4-5, is no evidence of the 
character of the race. 

Scratch Men Pull Down I/Ong Markers. 

The unpaced plugging of Walthour, the 
grit of McFarland and the speed of Kra- 
mer saved the two-mile handicap from a 
runaway, brought about a sensational 
dead heat, and, considering the slow track 
as compared with other record breaking 
courses, produced probably the best two- 
mile scratch win ever made in a handicap 
race. The long markers, at 180 and 210 
yards, set out to change pace and make 
fast time from the jump. This, aided by 
some palpable holding back of the middle 
ruck, gave the leaders an open gap in 
their favor of fully 100 yards when the 
scratch quartette — Kramer, Eaton, Free- 
man and McFarland — caught the main 
bunch. It looked like a bad runaway for 
the long markers, when Walthour sudden- 
ly shot out as tow to the line. He took 
the string tearing along for two laps until 
the gap was reduced to fifty yards. 

Then good old, gritty McFarland, the 
handicap king, went out and pulled the 



bunch up twenty-five yards nearer. Next 
Kramer took his turn and McFarland 
hooked on for a well earned sleigh ride 
to the stretch. The blonde-haired ex-am- 
ateur pulled his tow past the limit men 
like a Sandy Hook fiyer passing a water 
lighter. In the home stretch McFarland 
made his effort, but could not quite get 
by Kramer. 

"As pretty a dead heat as I ever saw," 
remarked Batchelder, who was on the 
tape, to the one next him. The judges 
saw it the same way and their verdict 
confirmed the opinion they had not over- 
heard expressed. The time was 4:10 2-5, 
the fastest known previous handicap 
scratch time having been 4:08 4-5. Mer- 
tens (120) was third and Downing (60) 
fourth. 

Collett and Jacobson Take Amateur Events. 

The amateurs were in fast form also, 
for Collett won his heat in the half-mile 
handicap in one minute flat. There was 
no long marker left in the final and the 
field bunched early. Collett (scratch) won 
in 1:04 4-5, with Babb (30) second, C. G. 
Embleton (30) third, and Billington (40) 
fourth. 

The five-mile amateur handicap was 
run in three trial heats at two miles, with 
the final at five. Jacobson (scratch) won 
one of them in 4:27 4-5, and the other two 
were won in 4:27 and 4:32. Jacobson 
(scratch) won the final in 11:53, after a 
chase of three miles to catch the bunch. 
Adametz (200) was second. Schreiber 
(150) third, and Rutter (100) fourth. 



LOSE AND WIN BY ACCIDENT 



Riders in Paris Hour Motocycic Race Have 

Much Trouble — Osmont Wins— 

Louvet a Surprise. 



Bjrd<aux-Paris to Be Human Paced. 

The big annual Bordeaux-Paris road 
race, which was scheduled to be run on 
May 27 this year, has been postponed un- 
til the 9th of June, owing to the refusal 
of the French authorities to allow motor 
pacing in the race. Immediately after a 
serious accident in the recent Paris-Ro- 
baix automobile road race, in which a 
number of spectators were killed or in- 
jured, the authorities issued an order for- 
bidding automobile racing on the roads 
and limiting the speed to eight kilome- 
ters in town districts. When, therefore, 
one of the piomoters of the Bordeaux- 
Paris bicycle race called upon one of the 
highest officials of the French ministry 
to learn his attitude toward motor pacing 
in the race, the latter replied that such 
pacing would not be permitted, the pre- 
fect of police of the department of the 
Seine-et-Oise having specifically written 
to him regarding it. 

The feeling of the contestants in the 
race differs regarding this change in pac- 
ing arrangements. Rivierre, for instance, 
is much delighted and says: "Why, what 
has this race been during the last few 
years? It was more a race between the 
pacing machines than between the men 
who followed them on bicycles. The 
man who had the fastest pacing vehicle 
won the race; this is imjust, as very lit- 
tle effort is required and the only trick 
is to hang on. With human pace it is 
quite different. I shall certainly ride in 
the race again and feel confident of fig- 
uring in the right place," 

Joseph Fisher, the great German rider. 
is also well pleased with the change and 
will take part, having much confidecce of 
winning. On the other hand, Huret and 
Goodwin, the Englishman, will neither of 
them ride. Both they and their employ- 
ers are furious regarding the change. 



Dealers report that the racing model 
does not have the same vogue in the 
northwest this year as it liad in seasons 
past, buyers preferring to purchase heav- 
ier machines, which will l)e more dura- 
ble and from which longer service can 
be obtained. 



Louvet was the surprise of the meet in 
Paris on May 6, winning the 1,333-meter 
scratch race from Jacquelin by inches, 
with Vanoni third at two lengths, and 
also capturing the 1,500-meter handicap 
from 45 meters, with Bourotte (70) sec- 
ond and Collomb (70) third. 

The five heats of the scratch race were 
won by Vanoni. Louvet, Jacquelin, Bou- 
rotte and Brecy. In the final Jacquelin 
took the lead, but in the last turn Louvet 
went ahead and 150 meters from the tape 
began a jump that despite the best ef- 
forts of Jacquelin landed Louvet a win- 
ner. 

The handicap was also run in five 
heats, won by Brecy (90), Louvet (45). 
Thuau (85), Covin (145) and Vanoni (70). 
As the seconds also qualified, there were 
ten starters in the final. In this the limit 
men had the better of the back markers 
up to the last lap and seemed sure win- 
ners, but Bourotte in a fine sprint over- 
hauled them at 100 meters from the tape.. 
Then Louvet, who had been hanging on 
to "the Frog." as the Frenchman call 
Bourotte, made a jump and succeeded in 
winning by half a wheel. 

The Hour Motocycle Race. 

The last event on the program was the 
most important. It was an hour motocy- 
cle race in which the following riders 
started: Beconnais, Fossier, Jallu, Os- 
mont, Joyeux, Bathiat, Rigal, Vasseur, 
Berlin and Aries. Beconnais, who had a 
new motor, had to start slowly and pour 
oil on the engine until it got to running 
smoothly, when he went out after Joy- 
eux and took the lead from him, going at 
a speed of forty-five miles an hour. Vas- 
seur and Fossier followed closely, sepa- 
rated from each other by a small dis- 
tance. Something went wrong with Ri- 
gal's motor and Aries had a tire explode, 
so they both retired before the end of 
five kilometers. Fossier next lost a lap 
to Vasseur through a slight accident. 

Beconnais, with his motor smoking as 
if afire, continued to gain until in the 
tenth kilometer he had lapped all his 
competitors and it began to look as if he 
would break his own hour record, but at 
this juncture he broke some small part of 
his motor instead, and in stopping to re- 
place it lost his place to Osmont and 
Vasseur and had to resume the race in 
third place. 

A Back Wheel Comes Oflf. 

In the forty-first kilometer the left 
wheel of Vasseur's tricycle came off and 
rolled up the bank and off the track at a 
speed of thirty-five miles an hour. In 
some miraculous manner the rider suc- 
ceeded in escaping a fall, but of course 
was out of the race. The next accident 
befell Osmont, who was leading. His 
right hand tire exploded, and, not hav- 
ing another to replace it with, he put on 
another wheel that was larger than the 
left one. 

Fossier was now leading, while Becon- 
nais, continuing to have trouble, was 
again losing ground so that Joyeux 
passed him. Just a few laps before the 
finish and when Fossier seemed a cer- 
tain winner, with a good lead, his spark- 
ing device became blocked in some way 
and he had to dismount. This gave Os- 
mont first place, and when Fossier re- 
turned to the track it was too late for 
him to win. 

At the close of the hour Osmont had 
covered 61 kilometers 720 meters, or 38 
miles 615 yards. Fossier was second at 
one kilometer, Joyeux third and Becon- 
nais fourth. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



99 



WON ON TECHNICALITY 



Garden City Wheelmen of San Jose Awarded 
Trophy In 'Frisco Bay Relay. 



Although the Olympic Club Wheelmen 
finished first in the annual 100-mile relay 
road race around San Francisco bay on 
Sunday, May 15, the Leavitt & Bill silver 
trophy was awarded to the Garden City 
Wheelmen on a technicality. The Olym- 
pic Club Wheelmen, whose representa- 
tive, Edward F. Russ, crossed the tapa 
first only a few feet in advance of M. G. 
Francis of the Garden City Wheelmen, 
were disqualified because E. A. Bozio. 
who carried the packet for the Olympics 
in the eighth relay, dropped it in chang- 
ing from one hand to the other, and at 
the end of his relay passed his handker- 
chief to his waiting club mate, so that, 
contrary to the strict rules of the race, 
the packet was not carried across the 
tape at the end of the race. 

Three clubs competed in the race — the 
Olympic Club Wheelmen and the Bay 
City Wheelmen of San Francisco and the 
Garden City Wheelmen of San Jose. The 
course was divided into ten relays. The 
total time was 4:51:16 4-5, which is five 
minutes slower than the time made last 
year, a fact accounted for by the adher- 
ence of the Olympics and Garden City 
men to the rules of the race against pac- 
ing. The Bay City Wheelmen, however, 
are accused of flagrant violations of this 
rule during the second, third, sixth, ninth 
and tenth relays, for which the entire 
team of the club in the sixth relay was 
disqualified upon protest. 

According to the official score, the Gar- 
den City riders finished first in the first, 
third, fifth, sixth, seventh and ninth re- 
lays, while the Olympics won the second, 
eighth and tenth relays. There were very 
few accidents, the most serious being the 
fall of Francis of the Garden City Wheel- 
men in the last relay, when he had a lead 
of 100 yards, which permitted Russ to 
cross the tape first. 

This was the third annual race for the 
Leavitt & Bill trophy, which was first 
won by the Bay City Wheelmen and last 
year by the Olympic Club Wheelmen. It 
will be formally presented to the Gardsn 
City Wheelmen of San Jose on May 27 by 
the Olympics, who will next Sunday 
make a club run from San Francisco to 
dellA'^er it. 



MORMON SEASON ABOUT TO OPEN 



Chapman and I<awson to Go Against a Horse 
with Motor Tandem Decoration Day. 



Salt Lake City, May 19.— The first cy- 
cle race meet to be given on tlw Salt Pal- 
ace coliseum track will be on June 8. The 
program has been arranged and a large 
entry list is expected, especially from 
outside riders. The Lawsons, Clem Tur- 
ville, and two or three California ridei's 
now here will take part in the races. A 
letter received from A. C. Mertens states 
he, in company with Robert Walthour, 
contemplates coming out here for the 
season. Race meets will be given two 
every week, on Tuesdays and Fridays, 
during the entire season. The populai-ity 
of the sport last season will no doubt 
continue this year. 

The first track racing for the season 
will take place at Calder's park in con- 
nection with the horse races scheduled 
for Decoration day. John M. Chapman 
and Tver Lawson, on a motor, have been 
matched for a half mile against Miss 
Remson, the fastest running horse in the 
state. There is a great deal of interest 
in the race. The motor is the favorite, 
but whether the boys will be able to navi- 
gate the soft dirt track at 'a speed of 48 



or 49 seconds, which it w ill take to beat 
the horse, has yet to be proven. 

J. P. Gunn, who is promoting a sixteen- 
mile road race over the Lagoon course, 
has met with success in the collection of 
his prizes, which represent the best lot 
that have ever been given in a road race 
in this state. More than $300 will be 
divided among the first twelve winners, 
and as more than seventy-five riders have 
entered, the scramble for a winning pi ice 
will be hotly contested. 



FALL SPOILS A MATCH 



Nelson Wins From Porter at Chester Park 
Through an Accident. 



A somewhat indecisive victory was 
won in Cincinnati by John Nelson last 
Sunday at the second Sunday meet held 
on Chester park track. In his twenty- 
five-mile motor paced match with 
Charles Porter the latter fell near the 
end of the seventeenth mile, owing to 
the swerving of his pacing tandem and 
his consequent wabbling. Porter was 
slightly injured and could not resume 
the race. Up to that point the race had 
been close and exciting. Nelson had led 
most of the time and had become the fa- 
vorite with the large crowd which had 
been attracted by the novelty of the mo- 
tor pace. The best time for a mile dur- 
ing the race was 1:38 2-5, and the avei-- 
age was 1:45. 

Owing to the disappointment caused 
by the failure of this event, a five-mi.e 
match race between the motor tandems 
was improvised. The teams were closely 
matched, but Nelson's team won in 9:03. 

Tom Cooper, paced by a motocycle, 
rode an exhibition mile in 1:35 3-5. 



Brown Finishes 2,000-Mile Ride. 

New York, May 21.— William R. Biown 
finished his 2,000-mile road ride over the 
turnpikes of Long Island at 8:54 tonight, 
after 225 hours &V2 minutes elapsed time. 
New century records were established for 
all distances over 1,000 miles. Ch ,rles 
Mock holds the records up to four cen- 
turies, while those from 500 to 1,0<W miles 
were made by Brown last year. Heavy 
rain Tuesrday and Friday caused him 
to quit for several hours, but the ris; 
refreshed him and recuperated his spirits. 
After resuming his tremendous self-im- 
posed task the rain fell at intervals, bu: 
he kept on. After finishing his seventh 
century Monday night he took his first 
sleep of four hours. During his ride he 
was paced by fellow members of his club 
and of the Century Road Club, mounted 
on tandems and triplets. Despite the fact 
that Brown is reported to be consump- 
tive, he ended his nine-day ride in such 
good form that he was able to dismount 
and walk to his training quarters without 
assistance. 

Brown's times by centuries were as fol- 
lows: 

100, 5:31; 200, 12:27; :500, 22:4S; 400, ;n:lS; 
.500, 39:10; 600, 51:11; 700, ,5'J:40; SOO, 72:04; 9IKI. 
SR:20; 1,000, 96:55; 1,100, 106:10; 1,200, 118:37; 
1,300, 1.30:55; 1,400, 147:52; 1,500, 162:24; 1.60(1. 
1^;0;02; 1,700, 190:26; 1,S00, 199:06; 2,000, 225:0Sy2. 



Tommaselli Wins at Home. 

Two fine race meets attended by large 
crowds were given in Turin, Italy, on 
May 3 and 6. On the first day one of the 
finest races ever seen in Italy was run. 
It was the P'rize of Florence race. Momo, 
Meyers, the Dutch champion, and Tom- 
maselli, who won the Grand Prize of 
Paris last year, won the heats, while 
Grogna and Parmac qualified by winning 
the consolation races. Meyers defeated 
Ferrari in the first semi-final and Tom- 
maselli won the second from Grogna, 
Momo and Eros. Tommaselli, Ferrari, 




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100 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



Meyers and Grogna started in the final. 
For two laps they rode at funeral pace, 
then Ferrari took the lead until the bell, 
when Tommaselli went ahead in the turn. 
Meyers and Grogna, on either side of the 
European champion, followed his jump 
and all the way down the home stretch 
they fought it out neck and neck, finish- 
ing all but simultaneously in a beautiful 
contest of speed. Tommaselli won by 
inches only from Meyers, who was himself 
only a few inches ahead of Grogna. 

In the great prize of Italy the semi- 
finals were won by Meyers and Grogna, 
Tommaselli having been pocketed. Mey- 
ers won the final, with Bros second, Bixio 
third and Grogna fourth. In the second 
scratch race Tommaselli won from Magli 
and Aghemio. 



PRINCE'S COLISEUM PLANS 



Contracts I<et.for Fast Board Track in Old 
Springfield— The Veteran's History. 



Jack Prince writes to Cycle Age from 
Springfield, Mass., that after an absence 
of fourteen years he has returned for the 
first time to "the old, old spot." He has 
just made arrangements for the building 
of a coliseum track in Springfield and an- 
other in Hartford, Conn., having secured 
the backing of George M. Hendee, cham- 
pion of the cycle path in the early days 
of the "good old ordinary," and of 
Charles T. Shean, a familiar figure at the 
Springfield tournaments, who have en- 
tered into a partnership to be known as 
the Springfield Coliseum Co. 

Contracts were signed last Saturday 
for the building of a six-lap board track, 
which will be banked at an angle of 44 
degrees, and of a stand to have a seating 
capacity of 7,000, with the possibility of 
being largely increased, all to be finished 
next month. Prince will be manager of 
the track and will promote meets and 
secure the attractions. It is his intention 
to give weekly meets at these tracks and 
to revive the great Springfield tourna- 
ments in the fall, with the events to be 
decided on a modern and very fast track. 
The new track will be built with especial 
view to the use of motocycles so that the 
turns can be taken at full speed of the 
tandems. A feature in the building of 
this track designed to prevent any possi- 
ble drag of the tires on the board surface 
will be the separation of the lxl%-inch 
strips by thin washers at their ends to 
provide air spaces between them so that 
there will be no suction. 

Prince has already practically secured 
Bald, Cooper, Michael, John Fisher and 
George Collett for attractions. 

For several years Prince has confined 
his operations to the south and west, 
where he has built many coliseum tracks 
and promoted numerous circuits and race 
meets. Now, however, that he has re- 
turned to his old stamping ground, a 
brief summary of his racing career may 
be timely and of interest to those hun- 
dreds of persons who have entered the 
bicycle business since the safety retired 
the ordinary from business on the track 
and road. 

John S. Prince was born in Birming- 
ham, Eng., in 1861. He early manifested 
a tendency to compete in sports of vari- 
ous kinds, and at seventeen was one of 
the best professional cricket players in 
England. When he was eighteen he 
learned to ride the ordinary, and during 
the first year of amateur racing won 
nineteen cups and eighty-seven races, 
and became the champion amateur of 
that country. When he was nineteen he 
became a professional champion, defeat- 
ing "Dick" Howell and "Jack" Keen. He 
is the only man who ever won three 
Wolverhampton handicaps in succession. 
After winning the French championship 



he came to this country in 1882, locating 
in Boston. He had not been there long 
before George M. Hendee was sent down 
by the Springfield Bicycle Club to take a 
course of training under the famous 
rider. He put Hendee, who was then but 
seventeen years old, in condition, and 
Hendee won the amateur championship 
of America in the next year's tourna- 
ment in Springfield. In 1888 Prince rode 
in a 72-hour race in Minneapolis, against 
Albert Shock, for* $1,000 a side, and won 
by eleven miles, making a distance of 
1,042 miles, and during the time was out 
of the saddle but seven minutes. He be- 
gan track building in 1887, and has built 
the tracks in the southern circuit at 
Nashville, Chattanooga and Memphis, 
Tenn., and Atlanta, Montgomery and Bir- 
mingham, Ala. He also built the tracks 
in Omaha, Neb., and tracks in Texas and 
California the past winter. One of his 
late ventures was in Baltimore, Md., 
which was completed in September, 1898. 



GOLDEN WHEEL RACE 



Berlin's Big Annual Bvent Won By Edouard 
Taylor, with Walters Second. 



Edouard Taylor added another great 
victory to his long list when he won the 
Golden Wheel one-hour race in Berlin on 
Sunday, May 6. Nearly 15,000 persons 
went to the Friedenau track to see the 
annual event. Walters, Taylor, Lesna, 
Bouhours, Robl, Koecher and Winne- 
mann lined up at the start. Bouhours 
took the lead, but in the eighth lap Tay- 
lor passed him and went on increasing 
his lead rapidly. About the tenth kilo- 
meter an accident to one of the tires of 
Bouhours' pacing tandem caused that 
rider a serious loss; on the thirty-seventh 
lap Robl's tandem fell on one of the 
turns, and a similar accident befell Les- 
na's tandem in the sevent y-sixth lap. 

Taylor continued riding hard until the 
fiftieth kilometer, when the pace began 
to tell on him and he was obliged to ease 
up. Walters, the Englishman, profited by 
this to regain some of his lost ground, 
but the French hour champion quickly 
recovered and finished strong, winning 
with 55 kilometers 725 meters to his 
credit for the hour. Walters was second, 
about a mile behind, and Bouhours was 
third with 51 kilometers 340 meters. 



SIX THROUGH ROUTES 



I,. A. W. Touring Committee Ready With 
Touring Routes From Boston to Chicago. 



The touring committee of the L. A. W. 
has prepared six trunk line routes be- 
tween important and distant cities for 
the benefit of touring members. They 
are as follows: 

1. New York to Chicago, via Albany , 
Buffalo and Cleveland. 

2. New York to Chicago, via Delaware 
Water Gap, Scraiiton, Elmira, Buffalo, 
through Canada and Michigan to Grand 
Haven; thence across Lake Michigan by 
steamer to Chicago or Milwaukee. 

3. Boston to Albany, to connect with route 
No. 1, with a branch trip through the 
Berkshire hills to the Hudson river, connect- 
ing with route No. 1 at Hudson, N. Y.. 

4. Boston to New York, via Springfield, 
with a branch trip through the BerksJiire 
hills. 

5. Boston to New York, via Providence, 
New London and Long Island. 

6. New York to Washington, via Philadel- 
phia and Baltimore. 

In making up these routes, especially 
those traversing New York state, advan- 
tage has been taken wherever possible 
of the cycle paths which have been built 
since the latest road and tour books were 
issued. It must not be forgotten, how- 
ever, that riders using these paths with- 
out having provided themselves with a 
sidepath tag are liable to arrest and im- 



prisonment or fine. These tags may be 
procured from the secretary-treasurer of 
the New York division, Vanderbilt build- 
ing, New York city, for 50 cents. In all 
cases L. A. W. members and other in- 
quirers must inclose return postage. 



Gascoyne Defeats Jenkins ia London. 

A well attended race meet was held at 
the Catford track in London on Satur- 
day, May 5, at which the chief event was 
a match race in three heats between Gas- 
coyne and Jenkins, the same who have 
issued a challenge to the world. The 
first heat was a quarter mile against 
time, unpaced, and was won by Gascoyne 
in : 25 2-5. The second v/as a half-mile 
match, which Jenkins- wci by about four 
feet. The final heat was a mile pursu't 
race and was won by Gascoyne by thirty 
yards in 2:05 2-5. At the same meet 
Platt-Betts broke the English ten-mile 
record, going the distance in 17:19 1-5. 



ElJegaard Astonishes the Russians. 

In a three-days' racing carnival held 
May 5, 6 and 7 in Moscow, Ellegaard, the 
Danish champion, won every race in 
which he competed, and created a furor 
by not being once defeated. He is the 
first foreign rider who ever took part in, 
a meet at Moscow without suffering de- 
feat. He won three scratch races divided 
into more than ten heats and semi-finals. 
He also won the heats and final of the 
international match in which all the Rus- 
sian and a number of fflteign riders took 
part. 

NEWS IN BRIEF. 

The construction of a new quarter-mile 
dirt track has been begun at Pecatonica, 111., 
in the old baseball park. 

Three motor teams will compete in a 
fifteen-mile motor race at Cleveland May 30. 
The riders include W. A. Rutz, John Fisher 
and others. 

A three cornered motor paced match race 
has been arranged to take place at New 
Bedford on May 30. Harry Gibson, Charles 
Porter and Stewart Bolting will be the con- 
testants. 

Judging from the large number of crack 
riders who have promised to enter the Irv- 
ington-Millburn road race, promoted this 
year by B. L. Blauvelt, the event will be 
more than usually Interesting this year. 

Jimmy Michael is following "the new 
fangled pace," as he calls it, with perfect 
ease, having gone down to 1:48 for mile after 
mile. He is improving steadily and by June 
17, when he first races, will be in fine condi- 
tion. 

Just at present there is a scarcity of mo- 
tors for pacing purposes, but there is every 
indication that after May 30 the supply will 
equal the demand. Fifty motor tandem 
teams might have secured engagements for 
Decoration day. 

Michael is being booked for a tour which 
will carry him through the country for three 
months with steady racing against local men 
and other riders who will follow him for a 
chance to get on matches with him. Michael 
is still a great drawing card. 

It is probable that Harry Gibson and 
Charles Porter will meet in a paced match 
race at Baltimore May 29, opening the sea- 
son there. Both have 1%-horsepower mo- 
tors which they will shortly have rebuilt 
with 2%-horsepower, as both feel themselves 
out of it in the faster company of today. 

The bicycle riders of Oshkosh have circu- 
lated a petition and will present it to the 
city council asking that body to place a tax 
of $1 on men's bicycles, 95 cents on women's 
machines and 25 cents on children's, per 
year, the money so raised to be expended in 
the Improvement of the streets. 

Dudley Marks is being unmercifully 
"joshed" by the riders around Boston. He 
thought Elkes would certainly be defeated 
in the late hour match against Edouard 
Taylor. The Englishman did so much brag- 
ging that the riders took offense and when 
the news of the fine victory of Elkes reached 
this country, all hands took a turn at Marks 
until that gentleman's life was made miser- 
able. He even talked of going into retire- 
ment until the storm had blown over. 
Champion, the French middle distancer, 
also got his first taste of American "josh- 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



101 



^HE RED 
FLYER 




T 
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Successors to the 

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Have you heard about it ? Tells you how to make a for- 
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Subscriptions free during the month of May. We'll 
tell you more about The Red Flyer in this space next 
week. 

J. G. SWINDEMAN & CO. 

JOBBERS and MANUFACTURERS' AGENTS 

Sales Oflice: 231 Superior St., TOLEDO, OHIO 



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102 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



ing" methods and at times lost his temper. 
Champion voiced even stronger opinions 
regarding the race than Marks, for he had 
tasted ol: many a defeat at the hands of 
Taylor. 

Joe Downey and Burns I^ierce have been 
matched for a motor paced race at Fall 
River on May 30. Downey will locate at 
this track and meet all comers on Saturdays. 
His fine of 1100 with the N. C. A. will be 
paid. He deserted the winning organization 
last winter to ride in a six-day race at 
Brockton in which he made only $60. 

McFarland and Stevens offer to ride match 
races on these terms against any rider. Ste- 
vens will ride sprint races. McFarland mid- 
dle distance contests. Stevens will wager 
$100 on the side, promoters to put up a |3(l(J 
purse, making $500 in all. McFarlarad will 
wager $200, promoters to put up $600, making 
$1,000 in all. 

There is a popular demand now for a 
match race between Tom Cooper, the cham- 
pion of the professionals last season, and 
Frank Kramer, last season's amateur cham- 
pion. Cooper says that such a race is out 
of the question for the present. Stevens. 
however, is willing to take on Kramer for a 
series of sprint races which may be ar- 
ranged. 

Harry Caldwell, the first unfortunate of 
the season, has started riding again. His 
arm is still in a sling owing to the break in 
his collar bone', but he believes that by June 
1 he should be back of pace again and by 
July 4 will be able to race again. Caldwell 
lost at least four match races and perhaps 
eight, which his manager, Charles Henshaw. 
had iirranged. because of his unfortunate 
accident. 

McFarland will supply himself with two 
of the fastest motor tandems in the mar- 
ket this week. He will go to Boston and 
watch the many motors at work there. The 
big Californian had a 1%-horsepower motor 
which he loaned to Stone and Maya, who are 
now in the west. This machine lately 
paced the riders at Fountain Ferry in 1:35 
to 1:-10 to the mile, yet is not fast enough for 
the game. 

Major Taylor is training. The colored rider 
has received word that the action of the 
American Racing Cyclists' Union will al- 
most certainly be favorable. He is prepar- 
ing now to ride paced races and some of his 
early matches will be against his old-time 
rival, Jimmy Michael. Jim Kennedy. 
Michael's manager, is said to believe that 
Taylor is one of the best dra\fing cards on 
the cycle path today. 

The middle distance riders around Boston 
had been training at Charles River park 
when they received notice that the training 
hours would be restricted to from 10 to 12 
in the morning and 4:30 to 6 in the after- 
noon. The men took umbrage at this and 
went to Waltham, where the great training 
colony of paced riders is now gathered. By 
June 1 there will be twenty men working 
there and at least twenty-five motors. 

The latest "retired" racing man to catch 
the fever of returning, that seems to be in 
the air this spring, is Fred J. Titus. He has 
gone into training at Berkeley Oval and has 
made a match to meet Linwood LefEerson. 
the former crack amateur of Asbury Park 
at that place on Decoration day. The match 
will be decided by the best two in three one- 
mile heats. One a pursuit race, another, a 
sprint and the third, if necessai-j', to be de- 
cided by a toss. i 

Archie McEachern was fortunate in secur- 
ing entry into the four-cornered motor paced 
race at Waltham. His application was acted 
upon just as that of Charles W. Miller was 
received. An effort is being made to allow 
Miller's entry, making the contest five-corn- 
ered, with Everett Ryan, Albert Champion 
and W. C. Stinson as the three others. More 
than ten motors will be used In pacing this 
race, which will be the first important p.\ced 
contest of the season. 

Oscar Hedstrom built the motocycle which 
is used by Charles Miller and also the Ty- 
phoon motors used by himself and Henshaw. 
He is bothered with orders for more ma- 
chines of the kind but is too busy with pac- 
ing and track work to build more at present. 
Cooper and Kiser are especially anxious to 
have him construct one of these machines 
for them and are disconsolate over their 
failure to secure one before he stopped 
building for the season. 

The following roads have recently adopt- 
ed a new method for the transportation of 
bicycles in their baggage ears: Wisconsin 
Central, Chicago Great 'Western, Flint & 
Pere Marquett, Detroit & Mackinac, Duluth 
& Iron Range. Portland & Rochester and the 
Great Northern. The Twin City roads are 
at presnt considering the advisability of 
adopting this new idea. The arrangement 
Is placed on the walls of the baggage car 
and is made in such a manner that it is im- 



possible for the bicycle to be injured or to 
fall from the ladder. 

The Atlantic City track will not be con- 
structed this season. Messrs. Eline and 
Closterman of Baltimore, will, however, 
have the Washington track in operation by 
June 10. They had planned for a three-truck 
circuit. 

The annual state meet of the New York 
division of the League of American Wheel- 
men will be held at Elmira in June. It is 
proposed to call a meeting of all the side- 
path commissioners during the time of the 
meet, and the executive committee will hold 
its regular session during the week. 

A. B. Stone, the oldtime pacemaker for 
Jimmy Michael, is anxious to meet Jay 
Eaton in a paced race. Stone is rejuvenat- 
ed, having been trained to a nicety this 
spring. He rides back of pace prettily and 
although Eaton may look upon him as an 
easy antagonist, he may find in the oldtimer 
a stumbling block, in the opinion of many of 
the riders. 

Bef.ore sailing for Australia, next fall, af- 
ter the racing season is over in this coun- 
try, Charles Miller, the world's six-day 
champion, will endeavor to create a new 
world's twenty-four hour record. He will 
be paced b.v motor cycles and expresses an 
opinion of being able to ride at an average 
of thirty miles an hour for twenty-four con- 
secutive hours. Traveling at this speed 
would be breaking the present record by 
nearly one hundred miles, a feat which 
seems almost impossible. 

Champion, the Frenchman, mounted on a 
motor tric^-cle, surprised Frank Waller and 
W. F. Stafford at Charles River park one 
day recently. Waller and his partner were 
on a motor tandem. Champion started about 
a half lap behind them and tjy fine riding 
around the banks closed with the tandem. 
Waller would not allow him to go bj and 
he hung behind for several miles. Fnally, 
he passed to the front with a rush. Waller 
was much discomfited when he dismounted 
and there is talk of a match pursuit race for 
a comfortable bet. 



MISCELLANEOUS. 

Advertisements under this head B cents per 
word first Insertion; 3 cents per word each In- 
sertion thereafter. Cash with order. Express 
orders, postofflce orders or stamps received. 



WANTED. 



"WANTBD— By a Berlin wholesale dealer, a cheap 
bicycle and general agency for whole Germany The 
wheel must be of a neat design fitted with hollow 
steel rims, adjustable handle bar with hand brake, 
mud guards, swaddle with coil sp'ing'", tool bag with 
tools, but without any tires. Catalogue and price 
wanted for large quantities Address all letters. D. O. 
228, care Daasenstiin & 'Vogler, Berlin, W. 8, Ger- 
many. 



LELAND-FAULCONER GEARS 

FOR CHAINLESS BICYCLES 

Experts, 
Manufactur- 
ers, and 
Riders con- 
cede their 
incompar- 

L & F Crank Gear and Pinion 

able superiority. 

THEY MUST 

Because tbey are the only gears that have all 
Imperfections from hardening eliminated. 

The working faces of teeth are CUT abso- 
lutely true with locating points, after gears 
have been hardened. 

L & F Gears are on the highest grade "Bevel 
Gear Chainless" for the season of 1900, made by 
the following concerns: 




The Geo N. Pierce Co. 
The Warwick Cycle Co. 
Grand Rapids. Cycle Co. 



E. C. Stearns & Co. 

The Sterling Cycle Works. 

The Barnts Cycle Co. 



And they are NOT on ANY OTHER WHEELS. 
Don't be DECEIVED. A word to the wise is 
sufficient. Circulars explain fully. Ask for them. 



WATERSHEET, HIGH. 

Weekly Sleeper, nay-June, 1900. 



aOGEBIC TRI-WEEKLY SLEEPER, JULY AND 
TOURIST SEASON OF 1900. 

In order to provide accommodations for 
those desiring to go into our fishing terri- 
tory, beginning next Saturday, May 26, and 
each Saturday thereafter during the month 
of June, a Pullman sleeping car will leave 
Chicago on our 5:(I0 p. m. train and run 
through to Watersmeet, Mich., via Monico 
Junction, leaving Milwaukee 7:30 p. m. Sat- 
urdays, Monico Junction 3:3.5 a. m. Sundays, 
Three Lakes 4:18 a. m., Eagle River 4:47 
a. m., Conover 5:1.5 a. m., and State Line 
5:32 a. m., arriving Watersmeet 5:50 a. m. 

The time given above, as well as below, 
from Monico Junction north is' approxi- 
mate and may be varied a little. 
Returning, leave Watersmeet on Sundays 
9:16 p. m., State Line 9:32 p. m., Conover 
9:50 p. m.. Eagle River 10:13 p. m.. Three 
Lakes 10:35 p. m., Monico Junction 11:46 
p. m., arriving at Milwaukee 7:05 a. m. and 
Chicago 9:30 a. m. Mondays; stops to be 
made on signal at intermediate stations be- 
tween Monico Junction and Watersmeet in 
either direction. 

It has been decided to formally open Goge- 
bic hotel and cottages on Sunday, July 1. 
and the regular summer service, similar to 
that in effect last year, will be established 
with train leaving Chicago 5:00 p. m. Satur- 
day, June 30, and Tuesdays. Thursdays and 
Saturdays thereafter during the summer un- 
til the close of the Gogebic hotel. 

The tri-weekly service between Chicago 
and Gogebic will be the same between Chi- 
cago and Watersmeet as that given above 
for Saturdays only, and the extended serv- 
ice between Watersmeet and Gogebic will be 
on about the following schedule: 

Leave Watersmeet G:00 a. m. Sundays, 
Wednesdays and Thursdays, arrive Gogebic 
6:39 a. m., and returning leave Gogebic Sun- 
days, Wednesdays and Fridays 8:40 p. m., 
arriving Watersmeet S:15 p. m., and con- 
tinuing through to Chicago, arrive Mil- 
waukee 7:05 a. m. and Chicago 9:30 a. m. 
Mondays, Thursdays and Saturdays. 

The through sleeper to be run weekly be- 
tween Chicago and Watersmeet will be run 
between Chicago and Gogebic on the tri- 
weekly schedule, and whenever there are 
passengers for Marenisco the sleeper will 
run through to Marenisco, arriving there 
about 7:10 a. m., and returning leave Mare- 
nisco at about 8:10 p. m. the same day. 

Except when the sleeper runs through to 
Marenisco, Gogebic passengers will have the 
privilege of occupying the same undisturb- 
ed until 7:00 a. m. W. B. KNISKERN, 

G. P. & T. A. 
Chicago & North- Western Ry. Co. 




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LELAND & FAULCONER MFG. CO., Detroit, Mich. THE SILVER MFQ. CO., fj^*Bk2*;Jiy 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



103 



STRICTLY HIGH GRADE 

BICYCLE CHAINS 

READING SCREW CO. 

NORRISTOWN, PA. 

PRATT BROS., 36 DEARBORN ST., CHICAGO 
Western Representatives. 



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-AND- 



ADJUSTABLE HANDLE BARS 

MANUFACTURED BY 

MARION CYCLE WORKS ^*«'»^' '^»- 



J. p. Thomas Revolving Hubs and Hang- 
ers, double ball bearing with inner 
revolving sleeve, increases speed 
from 40 to 50 per cent with the 
same power. Bicycles fitted with 
double ball bearing make the fast- 
est running wheels in the world. 




Write for catalogue. 

J. P. THOMAS &. CO. 

439, 441, 443 Thirty-First St., Chicago, III. 



Cycle Age repair book, $2; to subscrib- 
ers, $1. 

Write for sample copy of the Motor 
Age. 



MaroRA6E 



VoL n. 



CHICAGO, MAY 24, 1900 



No. n. 



THE LEADING CONTENTS 



THOUGHTLESS PREJUDICE. — Com- 
ment and criticism on the attitude 
of the daily press towards 
automobilism, showing how many of 
the adverse criticisms are made 
thoughtlessly rather than from malice 
and how the automobile is passing 
through the same stages through 
which the bicycle has already passed. 
An editorial from the New York Times, 
typical of the attitude of many daily 
papers is quoted and the utter fallacy 
of the argument which it sets forth 
is shown. Statistics are quoted to 
show that both the bicycle and the au- 
tomobile are the causes of a smaller 
number of casualties than horse-drawn 
vehicles in proportion to the numbers 
used and reasons are given showing 
why neither bicycles nor automobiles 
should be compelled to travel at as 
low a rate of speed as horses. 

FROM THE FOUR WINDS.— News of 
the motor world gathered from many 
sources, including an amusing ac- 
count of the sensation that was caused 
by a lady automobilist in a crowded 
part of Chicago; an interview with 
the president of the Automobile Club 
of America on the tests that his club 
is going to promote; motor-vehicles in 
Java; the change of front that the lead- 
ing publication in the "war on auto- 
mobiles" in France has assumed; an 
election of officers for the Philadel- 
phia Automobile Club; the opening of 
Fairmount Park in Philadelphia to 
motor-vehicles, together with other 
items of interest. 

WEEKLY PATENT OFFICE BUDGET. 
—Motor-vehicle patents of the week, 
illustrated and described in a clear and 
untechnical manner. 

THE EASTMAN AUTOMOBILE CO.— 
An illustrated description of the steam 
vehicle that is manufactured by a new 
Cleveland company which embodies 
in its construction the same principle, 
in regard to steering, that governs the 
bicycle, and which also has a novelty 
in the way of body construction, be- 
ing made of sheet metal and asbestos 
in a manner that permits of its receiv- 
ing a finish of bicycle enamel, baked 
on, and retains the heat within the 
body of the vehicle. 

MOTOR CAR CLUB COMPETITIONS.— 
A history of this English club and 
what it has accomplished for the good 
of automobilism, together with the de- 



tails of the prizes which it offers for 
improvements in deodorizers, auto- 
matic starters and ignition devices for 
gasolene motor-vehicles, as well as for 
light, cheap, complete vehicles. 

A PROPORTION IN EVOLUTION.— The 
mathematical formula of a proportion 
shown in an illustration in which the 
primitive railroad coach is represented 
as bearing the same relation to the 
modern railroad coach, as the motor- 
vehicle of to-day bears to the perfected 
motor-vehicle of the future. The illus- 
tration is accompanied by an 'argumen- 
tative article, showing why the present 
automobile body resembles that of the 
horse-drawn vehicle as closely as it 
does and telling logically the reasons 
why it is bound to assume some other 
form as soon as automobiles become 
common enough so that people will not 
expect them to look like mere "horse- 
less" carriages. 

TO AND FROM EDITOR AND READER 
Interesting letters from readers of The 
Motor Age, together with the answers 
of the editor to the questions asked. 
A department of great value to sub- 
scribers. The answer to a single ques- 
tion may save many times the cost of 
subscription. 

NEWS OF THE MOTOR INDUSTRY.— 
An illustrated history of the week 
among the manufacturers of motor-ve- 
hicles and motor-vehicle parts and ac- 
cessories. A department of The Mo- 
tor Age which should be read every 
week by every person interested in the 
industry. It gives all the news and 
will keep any regular reader posted on 
the places where parts and accessories 
can be obtained. 

MOTOR AND MOTOR PACING.— A reg- 
ular department of The Motor Age. 
This week's department contains a de- 
scription of a motocycle track race in 
France in which none of the ten com- 
petitors escaped without one or more 
accidents of one kind or another, show- 
the uncertainties of motocycle racing 
and the necessity of contestants being 
expert machinists as well as speed 
merchants; an account of a record 
breaking motocycle road race; an ac- 
ceptance of Twyford's challenge to race 
in America by Walter K. Freeman; an 
illustration of Judge and Stone on their 
motor tandem and numerous notes of 
the motocycle racers and motor pace 
followers. 



It will be seen from the foregoing that THE MOTOR 
AGE, in its new dress and increased number of pages, is a 
paper which no man interested in motor vehicles can afford 
to miss. Now is the time to subscribe. 



104 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



CATI [ BICYCLES 

f Mm II I P show a distinction in 
■■■■ ^* ^™ " design and a perfection in 
detail workmanship not found in other makes. 

The Eagle Bicycle Mfg. Co. Torrington, conn 

RAMSEY SWIMM PEDALS 

ARE THE PULLMAN CARS 
OF CYCLING. 

Automatic ADkle Motion and 

25 per cent more driving 

power guaranteed. 

48 N. Itth St., PHIU>., PA. 

FITTINGS >"° SUNDRIES 

of All Standard Makes and Exactly as Represented. 
SAGER GEARS SUPPLIED TO THE TRADE. 

THE SIDNEY B. ROBY CO. 

67-71 Mill St., ROCHESTER. N. Y. 





on a tire is a sign of quality and a 
guarantee of satisfaction. 



Detachable 



tires are gaining in popularity, be- 
cause of the ease and certainty with 
which they can be repaired. Send 
for catalog which tells why G & J 
Tires are best. 



G 6 J TIRE CO. 

INDIANAPOLIS 



THE ONLY VISE 



on the market that is built 
for service. 



IT SELLS ON ITS 
MERITS ALONE.... 



AGENTS WANTED AT ONCE 
IN LARGE CITIES 



CAPITOL ELECTRIC 

ENGINEERING 

COMPANY 



LANSING, 
MICH. 




Pat. Sept. 5, 1899 



ALLEN'S DIGEST 



OF 



AUTOMOBILE 
PATENTS ^ ^ 



Contains all the United States Patents granted on Cariiages propelled by 

ELECTRICITY, GAS AND GASOLINE, 
STEAM AND OTHER POWERS 



from 1789 to July 1, 1899, including the Entire Official Class of Traction Engines for the 

same period. Compiled and arranged by James T. Allen, 

Examiner, U. S. Patent Office. 

IN ONE LARGE VOLUME, BOUND IN FULL SHEEP, 
PRICE $25.00. ^ .^ TO SUBSCRIBERS OF WEELLY 
ELECTRICAL AND AUTOMOBILE' PATENTS, $20.00 



rHIS volume will contain the reproductions of all the drawings of all patents on Motor Vehicles up 
to July 1, 1899, from which date the weekly U. S. Electrical and Automobile Patents includes 
them. Not only will every drawing be given, bat the nature of the invention, essentials of the 
specification, the claims in full and a complete index, giving the List of all References Cited when 
the Patents were pending as applications. Interferences, parties to them and Decisions, so that 
a complete tnowledge of this rapidly developing art can be secured. 

A general index will enable the subscriber to turn at once to any patent he desires. 

The size of the piges will be the same as those of the Electrical Weekly or the weekly issues of 
United States Patents. It will be a digest of about 1,000 patents, Including reissues, trade-marks and 
designs, and the whole will be a volume ot about 800 pages. Those desiring the work should subscribe 
at once as the first copies ready will be sent to previous subscribers. 

U. S. Electrical and Automobile Patents.— Published weekly, compiled by James T. Allen, con. 
tains all patents for Electrical and Automobile devices as issued. Subscriptions may be made to date 
from July 1, 1899, thus giving the owner of Allen's Digest of Automobile Patents every patent issued 
up to date, and kept up to date. Subscription $10 per year, in advance (twenty cents a week). 

The two make an absolutely complete patent history of the Motor Vehicle Industry. Together, $30. 



Remit by Check or Money-Order to 

. . . THE MOTOR AGE . . . 

324 DEARBORN ST., CHICAGO 



ATLANTIC TUBING 

FOR BICYCLES AND AUTOMOBILES 



CHICAGO: 36 La Salle St. 
NEW YORK. 



ATLANTIC TUBE CO. 

1209 Park BIdg , PITTSBURG, PA. 



THE MOTOR AGE-$2 A YEAR-SEND FOR SAMPLE COPY. ^^^''S^cZ 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



105 



The RACYCLE 

THE PERFECT WHEEL. 

Seven models, with a range of prices to suit all 
purses. Write us. 

THE MIAMI CYCLE * MFG. CO., 

Middletown, Ohio. 




Wolff=American Bicycles 

In every part the product of our steel works. 
Always advertised and sold as MACHINERY. 

THEY SELL AND STAY SOLD 

How about your town ? Send for sample Salamander 

tube. R. H. WOLFF & CO., Ltd., 

Il6th, Il7th, Il8th Sts. tnd Harlem River, - NEW YORK 



A 3fcT|SfACT0BY ACETVLENE LaMP 

'HE MAJESTIC 

JDWMILLER&CQ 

MERIDEW, 

.CI 



BICYCLES 

Are the 

best in the 

world 

for the money 



BIRD 

W. R. ROLLINS MFG. CO., - Harvard, Ills. 

ILE 0. K. LAMP 

The best Acetylene lamp on the market. 
Our prices are right. 

THE SEAL LOCK CO., ""Wr.""- 



the best equipped 
Bicycle Supply House 



IN THE WORLD 

a£ AMD as WEST LAKE STREET, CHICAGO 



COMPLETE STOCK 

SUNDRIES= 

HARTLEY & GRAHAM 

Manufactnrers, Jobbers and Eiporten 

313-316 BROADWAY - NEW YORK 

Send for catalogue 



We iie prepired It mik; 
ilUcinHsof . , •. . 



:""-'" SCREW MACHINE WORK 

AUTOMOBILES ° Kes 



REED i CURTIS MACHINE SCREW CO. 



CREAM CITY CAN WORKS 

HANGER AND HUB GUPS, 
Head Fittings, Rear Sprocket Blanks 

FOR MANUFACTURERS. 

MILWAUKEE, - - - WIS. 



JOBBERS . . . 

Send for Electro and price 

"SOLE CLAMP TOE CLIP" 

I»rlce, S1.50 per doz. pairs. 
[Jobbers' quotations upon application. 

C. J. DOWNING, Sole Selling Agent, 

10 Barclay St., NEW YORK CITY. 



BANNER 

GAS 

LAMP 



For 

1900 

is -worth 

more than the price 

asked. Correspond at 

once with 

•pXiTStm^ & ATWOOD 

MFG. CO 

New York and Chicag:o. 



New Departure 
Coaster Brake. 



Absolutely free In 

every position, 

but mechanism In 

gear at all times. 

Trade supplied by 



JOHN H. ORAHAM & COMPANY, 
113 Chambers Street - - New York, N. Y. 

Meeting Catalogue Competition. 

The day of catalogues has arrived, and 
the merchant in the town or village 
store is forced to face competition in 
his own locality from big city stores 
hundreds of miles away. He must meet 
this competition or go under. He must 
be able to offer to his townspeople what 
the big city stores are offering them, in 
quality, style and price. He must try 
and secure a copy of each catalogue en- 
tering his town that is offering the ar- 
ticles that he ought to sell, and then he 
must find out from whom he can be sup- 
plied with these goods. The latter in- 
formation he can best obtain from the 
columns of his trade paper. The trade 
paper will acquaint him, at the time he 
ought to know, with the newest things 
in his line, by whom made and sold, 
and for how much; also tell what he 
ought to know about what others are 
doing in his line, what goods are sell- 
ing and what are the latest ideas put 
into practice by his competitors through- 
out the country. — Jewelers' Review. 



Write for sample copy of the Motor 
Age. 




THE 



SOLAR LAMP 

The lamp that made Acetylene gas 
famous. 

THE BADGER BRASS MFG. CO., Kenosha, Wis. 



SOUDAN 



BICYCLES 



Five Models, 

$25 and up. 



One and Two Piece Crank. 

Write for Quotations... 

Eastern Office: 71 Reade St., New York. 

Factory: SOUDAN MFQ. CO., Elkhart, Ind. 



INDIANA CHAIN 

COnPANY 

NOT IN ANY TRUST Indianapolis, ind. 

Buy chains from a Chain Factory. 

We make Cycle Chains Exclusively 
and can give you the best. . . . 
Over a million in use. 

Write for Prices and Samples. 




Send 26c. for 1900 Fob. 



Thames CbaJD 

*■ Dependable and justly priced 

PATENT 

~-^ III— "I^' ROLLER 



BLOCK 



INQUIRIES SOLICITED 

Thames Chain & Stamping Co. Norwich, Conn. 



Goodyear Tires 

«b™buca„brs.JKHON 0. 

The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. 




ELEeTRO 

OAS LAMP. 

The lamp of the yw. Many new features. St.BO. 
Write for price*. 

ElECTBO Z,AMP CO., 43 Broadway, N. Y. 



A MERICA'S MOST POPULAR RAILROA D 
PERFECT PASSENGER SERVICE BETWEEN 



CHICAGOand KANSAS CITY, 

CHICAGO AND ST. LOUIS, 

CHICAGO AND PEORIA, 

ST. louisandkansas city. 



Through Pullman service between Chicago and 



HOT SPRINGS. Ark.. DENVER.Colo., 

TEXAS. FLORIDAnUTAH, 

CALIFORNIA and OREGON. 



If \<)U an- contemplating a trip, any portion of 
Ahlch can l^ made over the Chicago & Alton, It wi:i 
pay you to write to the undersigned for maps, pamph- 
lets, rates, time tables, etc. 

JAIME8 CHARLTON, 

General Paeses«er and Ticket Agent, 

(VHICAQO, tLUNOUL 



Hail us your Subscription. 



106 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 




GLEASON - PETERS 

AIR PUMP CO, 

HOUSTON & MERCER STS. 
NEW YORK, U. S. A. 



.THE STANDARD BAR OF THE WORLD. 

KELLY ADJUSTABLE 



FITS ANY BICYCLE 
FITS ANY RIDER 




Over 500,000 Riders Say, " 'Tis No Experiment." 

THE KELLY HANDLE BAR CO. 



(^•(^•(^* 



Cleveland, Ohio 



National Baptist Anniversaries 

DETROIT, MICH., MAY 23=29 

HOW TO GET THERE. 

Those who expect to attend this meeting should know 
that the Wabash is the short line from Chicago to Detroit 
with three daily trains, leaving Chicago at 12:02 noon, 3:15 
p. m. and 11:00 p. m. It is the only line east of Chicago 
operating free reclining chair cars. These popular cars will 
be found on all trains. Compartment sleepers on Night 
Express. Rate from Chicago $9.75 for the round trip. 
Write for time-tables and full information. Wabash City 
Ticket Office, 97 Adams Street, Chicago. 



BIB FOUR ROUTE 

CHICAGO TO 

INDIANAPOLIS LOUISVILLE CINCINNATI 



The South and Southeast Scenic Line to Washing- 
ton, D. C, via Chesapeake & Ohio Ry. 



W. J. LYNCH, 0. P. > T. A., Clnelnnatl, 0. W. P. DEPPE. A. Q. P. C T. A. 

J. C. TUCKER, Q. N. A., 2S4 Clark Strati, CHICAM 



NOME CITY, 
ALASKA 

Is twenty-four hundred and fifteen 
miles from Seattle, via ocean, 
thirty-three hundred and eighteen 
miles overland. Is said to be the 
richest gold field discovered up to 
this time. The first steamer will 
leave Seattle on or about May 10, 
1900. For full particulars, maps, 
etc., address C. N. Souther, Ticket 
Agent, Chicago, Milwaukee & St. 
Paul Railway, 95 Adams St., Chicago, 
111. 




Well-informed travelers ▲ 
going to 4 

lIFOBHUf 

who appreciate the best of T 
everything, always travel by J 

Overland Lmited I 



THE 



Because the equipment con- 
sisting of modern double 
Drawlng-Room Sleeping 
Cars, Buffet -Smoking and 
Library Cars with Barber, 
Dining Cars In which meals 
are served a la carte, and 
Tourist Sleeping Cars pro- 
vide every comfort for all 
classesof passengers. Train 
leaves Chicago at 6.30 p. m. 

EVERY DAY IN THE YEAR 

THE PACIFIC EXPRESS 
LEAVES AT 1O.30 P. M. 

TICKET OFFICE, No. 193 CLARK ST. 

Chicago & North-Wesiern Ry. 

Passenger Station, corner Wells and Kinzie Streets. 



MONDN ROUTE 



'" ^) (jabitejiiMtfomtljwusvau Bjuiwy (( ^ 



THE DIRECT LINE TO 




A TRAINS DAILY. 

Only line to West Baden 
and French Liok Springs 

..BICYCLES CHECKED FREE. 



FXAUK i. Raao. 
S. P. A. 



onoM*. 



OiTT TioxxT Ovmni 
Ma Cl4«x 8v 



Vol. XXV— No. 5. 



CHICAGO, MAY 31, 1900. 



New Series No. 132 



SIDE LINES ARE PROMISING 



Washington Dealers Look to Summer Outing 

Goods fcM" Profits During Rest 

of Season. 



Washington, May 28. — The volume of 
retail business continues to be of moder- 
ate proportions here. The weather is 
seasonable and has stimulated trade to 
no little degree, but it must be admitted 
that the sales by local dealers up to the 
present time this season have not been 
as large as was expected. There is, 
however, some likelihood that matters 
will change for the better shortly. Deal- 
ers who handle summer goods as side 
lines, comprising outfits for outdoor 
sports and the special goods wanted by 
parties contemplating vacation trips, 
note a good demand for these goods. 
Several dealers have gone rather heavily 
into the sporting goods business and they 
find it is a good paying investment. 

Change Wiadow Displays Weekly. 

Retailers in this city are appreciating 
more and more the value of window dis- 
plays as a means of attracting custom- 
ers to their various establishments, and 
many of them change their window 
dressings at least once a week, aiming 
to make them as attractive as possible. 
Of a good window display, the following 
instance may be cited: 

A downtown dealer whose store fronts 
on a busy street and has a wide, deep 
window nearly on a level with the street, 
displayed three bicycles in this win- 
dow so as to bring out their good points. 
Green palms served as a background, 
while in the foreground and resting on 
the floor of the window were a number 
of bicycle bells of one size so arranged 
as to indicate the price of the machines. 

"I was surprised to see how many peo- 
ple stopped to look into that window, 
and apparently took close notice of the 
goods," said the dealer. "Men, women 
and children — everyone, it seemed — 
glanced in. Just about three-fourths of 
them gave a glance into the window that 
was sufficient to give them general in- 
formation about the machines on exhi- 
bition, and then took a visual survey of 
the interior of the store. Tremendous 
advertising power is too frequently 
entirely wasted or indifferently used by 
dealers who imagine window displays 
too much trouble to bother with." 



A. B. C. AFFAIRS IN LONDON 



Office Matters in a Muddle— Successor to 
Special Organiser Is Succeeded. 



Extract from a letter from a London 
trade man: "Things with the American 
Bicycle Co. are moving rapidly. A gen- 
tleman who was sent over here to organ- 
ize matters recently received a letter 
from headquarters which contained an 
expression of great surprise at some of 
his actions. He has since sailed for 
home. Mr. Chandler of Hamburg was 
sent here and assumed control. 

"There have been two further dismiss- 
als, neither of them, however, of great 
importance. Mr. Copping, who formerly 
conducted the Crescent business, has been 
reinstated and takes charge of the corre- 



spondence. Edward Boles, formerly man- 
ager of the Cleveland branch, who re- 
signed under pressure and was reported 
to have secured a better position, has 
been appointed manager of the whole out- 
fit at a salary of $3,000 per annum. Mr. 
Chandler has returned to Hamburg. 

"Correspondence and everything in the 
office is in a severe muddle. The dismiss- 
al of the old employes has not been ac- 
complished without some expense; one of 
the latest victims received a lump sum in 
place of notice to quit, after having first 
raised a rumpus and threatened to throw 
one of the officials down stairs. Fred Dew 
has made a demand for breach of con- 
tract and sui^ will result." 



BRINGS SUIT AGAINST A. B. C. 



WILLIAM ROOKE DIES 



Demise of Butler Co.'s Genial and Efficient 
Manager Mourned by Friends. 



William Rooke, until lately general 
manager of the bicycle department of the 
Butler Co. of Butler, Ind., was once de- 
scribed by the Cycle Age as "a. man of 
whom too little was known by the trade." 
Those who knew him best will most deep- 
ly deplore the announcement of his death, 
which occurred at Butler on Sunday 
morning last. 

Mr. Rooke was an Englishman, born in 
the west part of the country, spent his 
boyhood days in London and was edu- 
cated in Paris. He was a man who de- 
sired to know the world thoroughly and 
early in life went to Calcutta, where he 
eventually became the principal of a com- 
mercial enterprise of importance. Before 
the time he came to America, ten years 
ago, he had visited nearly all parts of the 
world. In due course he became associ- 
ated with the Buffalo Cycle Co. of which 
he was secretary. Late in 1899 he as- 
sumed the position which he held until a 
few days ago. How capably he filled it is 
perhaps best illustrated by the remark- 
able progress of the business during his 
administration. 

He was a man of hearty, whole-souled 
disposition, with whom it does one good 
to associate, and it is natural, therefore, 
that the gentlemen with whose interests 
he has been identified are deeply affected 
by the loss of a man who, leaving all 
questions of business out of the question, 
was regarded by them as a friend of such 
class that the vacancy may never be 
filled. 

Officials After Automatic Inflators. 

The Chicago police department was in- 
struced by the commissioner of public 
works last Friday to inquire into the 
right, if any, under which the automatic 
penny-in-the-slot bicycle tire inflators 
have been erected on the sidewalks of 
Chicago recently. In a letter to the chief 
of police the commissioner states that 
no permits have been issued by the pub- 
lic works department nor by the city 
comptroller's office and that no authority 
has been granted by the city council for 
such privileges. As a result of this letter 
the police force was ordered to report 
upon the location of each pump and why 
their erection was permitted. 



Owners of the Meti Pedal Patent Desire to 

Prove the Validity of Their 

Claims. 



The Minneapolis Cycle Trade Associa- 
tion has decided it inadvisable to close 
their stores on Sunday. 



The attorneys of Chas. H. Metz of the 
Waltham Mfg. Co. have commenced suit 
against the American Bicycle Co. in the 
United States circuit court of Boston for 
infringement of pedal patents. The pat- 
ents, of which infringement is claimed, 
were granted several years ago, but, ow- 
ing to unavoidable complications which 
have now been cleared up, the commence- 
ment of suit was delayed until the pres- 
ent time. 

The gentlemen interested on the side of 
'the complainant believe that they pos- 
sess foundation patents which cover fully 
nine-tenths of the pedals now in use. 

It is reported that the papers in other 
suits are in preparation and that service 
on other alleged infringers will be made 
at an early date. 

The owners state that the suit already 
commenced is intended to be fought to 
the finish, and that the owners of the, 
patents have no other purpose in view' 
than to test their validity and, if success- 
ful, to enforce a reasonable royalty. 

The Patent Is Broad. 

The Metz patent, which was granted 
September 10, 1895, specifies that type of 
pedal which is now almost universal. The 
construction provides for a pedal barrel 
which is shorter than the entire pedal 
frame, this barrel being provided with 
cross arms to which the foot plates are 
attached. The foot plates are longer than 
the barrel and have at their ends projec- 
tions which act as stops, or retainers, for 
the foot. The pedal shown in the origi- 
nal patent specifications has two separate 
foot plates, but there is apparently noth- 
ing in the wording of the description and 
claims to prevent these plates being 
formed of one piece bent U shape. In 
such a case the item concerning the pro- 
jections at the ends of the plates would 
apparently still relate validly to the con- 
struction of the pedal, as all pedals with 
U shape foot plates have such projections 
at their free ends and a central projec- 
tion on each side, at the outer end, to 
serve the same purpose. 

The Three I<eading Claims. 

The first three claims of the Metz pat- 
ent are as follows: 

1. In a bicycle pedal, the combination 
with a hub, arms extending laterally 
from the hub, and parallel foot-plates se- 
cured to the arms, the end portions of 
which form horns or stops extending be- 
yond the length of the hub, of a shaft or 
pintle having a screw-threaded end and 
a wrench shoulder adjacent to the end, 
and a crank arm having a screw-threaded 
opening into which the threaded end of 
the shaft may be screwed. 
' 2- In a bicycle pedal, the combination, 
with a hub, of upwardly extending stops 
.located out of the vertical plane of the 
hub, and rigidly connected with the liub. 

3. In a bicycle pedal having a hub, a 
foot-supporting plate back of the hub and 
having inverted stops and an upper sup- 
porting portion shorter than the distance 
between the stops. 



108 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



HOOLEY AN ENIGMA 



Interestingf Retninisceuce Recalled by I,ate 
Hoax Regarding Russian Gold Fields. 



The report recently set afloat by Ernest 
Terah Hooley to the efllect that he had 
secured a concession from the czar ot 
Russia to worlc the imperial gold fields, 
which report was promptly denied by 
that monarch, has prompted the follow- 
ing interesting observations by an edito- 
rial writer on the Cycle Trader of Lon- 
don: 

Just think of the extraordinary anomaly 
f)f the situation! Here is a man who is an 
undischarged bankrupt, not entitled to ob- 
tain credit for £20, talking publicly of hav- 
ing engineered a deal with the most power- 
ful monarch in the world, and involving 
millions of money. This man, while human- 
ity was staggered with the ruin and scandal 
which followed in his wake, had boasted 
through the press that he could still live at 
the rate of £12,000 a year, and, from all ac- 
counts, he has been carrying out his boast. 
Living amongst the most luxurious sur- 
roundings in the center of the wealth and 
fashion of London, he has supplied an ob- 
ject lesson of the ease with which a coach 
and four may be driven through the enact- 
ments of the most civilized nation in the 
world. He has set our boasted legislature 
at defiance, and in the eyes of the hundreds, 
and possibly thousands, who can trace their 
ruin to his malign influence, the outrage- 
ousness of the situation must be deeply im- 
pressive. But for this serious and humili- 
ating aspect of the situation, the colossal 
Impudence and daring bluff of the man 
would be laughable. What can be the men- 
tal caliber of a man who relates with the 
utmost circumstantiality a high falutin tale 
which renders an ofCicial denial necessary 
from the czar of all the Russias? The whole 
story was characteristic of the man, and it 
it came from an ordinary quarter would 
have been scouted as the product of a di- 
seased imagination. Apart from the official 
denial, the Dally Express followed with a 
complete exposure, and did not hesitate to 
describe the whole story as a tissue of lies. 

When his downfall two years ago was the 
sensation of the moment, I rushed over to 
Huntingdon to obtain a few words of com- 
fort for the cycle trade, which he had left 
in an inconsolable, condition. The interview 

was short and to the point: "D n the cy- 

le trade! I wish I had never seen nor heard 
of It." That was all the comfort I was en- 
abled to impart to an industry shaken to 
its foundations by the manipulations and 
operations of the "great financier." 

I frequently saw him in the hey-day of his 
prosperity, when his golden magnet was 
playing ducks and drakes with title-bearers 
and their jealously guarded escutcheons. 
He was always an interesting study, and 
never more so than when the house of cards, 
of which his fortune was constructed, fell in 
a confused mass, and ruin stared him in the 
face. The boldness with which he faced the 
situation, and the confidence he displayed 
when the gravest developments were on the 
tapis, provided a psychological problem 
which puzzled all, except the very few who 
were in a position to suspect the excellent 
reasons he had for the self-assurance with 
which he comported himself. When that 
damning report of the official receiver ap- 
peared—a report that was enough to make 
the ordinary individual cast longing eyes to- 
wards other shores— Hooley was only affect- 
ed with righteous indignation. When the 
public prosecutor was devoting his attention 
to his affairs, Hooley revealed no signs of 
quaking. He spoke more In sorrowful re- 
proach than in anger. He was confident that 
no steps would be taken against him in that 
quarter and events justified his confidence. 
Some papers alleged that there was cogent 
reasons why criminal proceedings should not 
be taken, that illustrious names would be 
dragged In, and that it was, as a matter of 
fact, a case of the less said the sooner 
mended. One of the most clear-headed judg- 
es had to confess that Hooley was an enig- 
ma beyond his comprehension. To sift the 
false from the true in the evidence he gave 
was a practically Impossible task. 

Trouble Over Sidewalk Racks. 

Trouble arose in Cleveland last week 
over orders from the police to the busi- 



ness men to remove the bicycle racks 
from the sidewalks in front of their es- 
tablishments, under penalty of being ar- 
rested. Forthwith a number of business 
men called on the deputy director of pub- 
lic works and demanded permits for the 
placing of such racks on the walks, and 
were informed that a proposed ordinance 
granting such permission was before the 
council but had not yet been passed. 
When told that they had been ordered to 
remove their racks, the deputy went to 
the director, who was surprised at the in- 
formation and in turn inquired of the 
superintendent regarding the origin of 
the order, but no one could be found who 
was responsible for it. The business men 
were assured, however, that they would 
not be molested. 



HURL DEFIANCE AT TRUST 



BEWARE OF FAKE PAPERS 



Warning Sounded Against Southern "Write- 
Up" Journals. 



At a recent meeting of the Chicago 
Trade Press Association, an organization 
whose membership comprises the most 
Influential trade journals in the west, it 
was determined to take some action to 
protect manufacturing and mercantile 
firms from the depredation of the "fake 
write-up men." 

A number of alleged trade journals, 
several of them being printed in __ the 
southern states, send out thousands of 
circular letters to merchants and manu- 
facturers, enclosing proofs of ingeniously 
prepared write-ups. Each person to whom 
a letter is directed is led to believe that 
he has been selected because of the prom- 
inence of his firm. The men whom it is 
sought to victimize are informed that no 
charge will be made for the printing of 
this complimentai'y notice, but that sam- 
ple copies will be sold at 15 cents per 
copy, or at 8 cents per copy in thousand 
lots. These journals have no legitimate 
standing in the community and represent 
nothing except the desire of their man- 
agers to extort money from business men. 
The circular letters are so shrewdly 
worded and the office of publication is us- 
ually so far removed from the persons to 
whom the letters are sent, that many 
firms have been victimized. Almost ev- 
ery department of industry is represented 
by one or more reputable journals, and 
manufactui'ers and business men gener- 
ally are advised to communicate with 
publishers of whom they have some 
knowledge before being led into these 
fake schemes. 

The Cycle Plating Co. of Cleveland, 0., 
has been incorporated with $10,000 capital 
stock, to manufacture bicycles. The in- 
corporators are M., A. E., J. W. N. and L. 
D. Goldhamer. 



Tierney Bros, of Bay City Reply Fearlessly 
to Dictatorial I,etter From A. B. C. 



The trust has just been set at defiance 
in most vigorous and plainly put terms 
by Tierney Bros, of Bay City, the largest 
dealers in bicycles and cycle supplies in 
western Michigan, who, having a full ap- 
preciation of the strength of their posi- 
tion behind the anti-trust law of the wol- 
verine state, have utterly declined to be 
dictated to by the A. B. C. in the matter 
of the prices for which they shall sell 
trust made bicycles. 

The controversy arose in this manner: 
Owing to the unfavorable weather which 
has unfortunately prevailed this spring, 
the sales at Tierney Bros.' establishment 
as well as at some other Bay City stores 
have not been so numerous as the firm 
had anticipated, and, because the season 
is growing late, the brothers decided to 
push the sales and reduce the large stock 
on hand by making a pronounced reduc- 
tion in the retail prices of their machines, 
which were of trust origin. Promptly 
upon carrying this determination into ef- 
fect, they received a sharp letter from 
the trust stating that unless the prices 
were immediately restored to the figures 
originally dictated by the A. B. C. it 
would refuse to sell any more goods to 
the firm. 

Without a moment's hesitation Tierney 
Bros, informed the trust that the bicycles 
in their possession were the property of 
the firm; that they had been bought and 
paid for and would be sold at such prices 
as the firm saw fit. They further advised 
the trust that they would not allow the 
American Bicycle Co. or anyone else on 
earth to dictate to them how they should 
conduct their business, nor at what prices 
they should sell their bicycles; that the 
goods were their own and they would do 
with them as they pleased. Furthermore, 
if the American Bicycle Co. did not wish 
to sell them goods there are plenty of 
other manufacturers who would be glad 
to do so, as they are the largest dealers 
in Michigan and pay spot cash for every 
dollar's worth of goods they buy. 

What the outcome will be so far as the 
trust end of the argument is concerned is 
problematical, but so far as Tierney Bros, 
are concerned they announce that they 
will continue to sell their bicycles at the 
prices advertised and will knuckle down 
to no power on earth, great or small; 
that they are not in business for their 
health but for the money there is in it, 
and will continue to sell any and all 
stock on hand at prices that appear to 
them to be to their best advantage. 



Don't spend all your time with your 
grief. 



EXPORTS OF CYCLES AND MATERIALS 



APRIL- 



TEN MONTHS ENDING APRIL- 



United Kingdom '. 

France 

Germany 

Other iCurope 

British North America 

Central American States and Brit- 
ish Honduras , 

Mexico 

Santo Domingo 

Cuba 

Porto Rico 

Other West Indies and Bermuda.. 

Argentina 

Brazil 

Colombia 

Other South America 

China 

East Indies— British 

Hongkong 

Japan 

British Australasia 

Hawaiian Islands 

Philippine Islands 

Other Asia and Oceania 

Africa 

Other countries 

Total $727,341 



1899 


1900 


1898 


1899 


1900 


$118,719 


$74,b34 


$1,435,941 


$727,056 


$368,582 


84,138 


25,780 


354,064 


404,218 


206,112 


163,220 


35,202 


1,383,511 


955,510 


358,161 


156,038 


70,979 


753,627 


1,204,374 


586,118 


89,020 


60,585 


418,025 


427,432 


265,893 


49 


228 


6,952 


4,733 


2,563 


6,788 


1,920 


i=3,566 


42,804 


21,128 


27 


35 


1,134 


253 


272 


4,965 


4,812 


9,214 


13,066 


142,616 


394 


407 


3,359 


2,345 


2,376 


5,143 


4,181 


66,127 


54,176 


43,432 


32,170 


3,513 


72,463 


181,901 


139,453 


1,907 


1,765 


80,237 


48,599 


24,906 


931 


263 


14,691 


6,650 


6,213 


4,275 


2,887 


42,245 


42.354 


57,664 


1,447 


288 


24,606 


21,787 


23,245 


11,854 


2,134 


68,725 


137,604 


94,194 


685 


923 


5,507 


7,015 


6,998 


4,042 


13,917 


72,228 


103,248 


189,309 


16,746 


34,624 


267,307 


224,664 


210,113 


5,598 


4,652 


(a) 


33,306 


43,532 


145 


5,336 


(a) 


575 


20,109 


2,830 


1,905 


58,175 


28,492 


38,804 


16,170 


4,387 


161,208 


156,436 


54,407 


40 


92 


620 


616 


181 



$355,349 



$5,353,532 $4,829,214 $2,906,381 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



109 



ARE GAINING FAVOR SLOWLY 



FRB« WHBiei^S IN AUSTRAI/IA RE- 
TARDED BY EXCESSIVE CHARGE 



English Rim Brakes Growing in Popularity 

—New Factory Starts in Ballarat 

—Other News. 



Sydney, N. S. W., April 25.— Free 
wheels are beginning to gain a litWe fa- 
vor in New South Wales now and several 
machines fitted with the coaster clutch 
are to be seen about the streets of Sydney 
daily. The majority of them are fitted by 
Bennett & Wood, and in all cases in 
which a cycle is fitted with the clutch the 
Bowden (English) rim brake is also at- 
tached. After all the booming that the 
free wheel has had in the Sydney press 
it is really time that it began to "catch 
on." In Victoria the free wheel is also 
making its presence felt and in that col- 
ony the Morrow seems to be most popu- 
lar, whereas almost all of the free wheel 
devices at present in use in New South 
Wales are of English manufacture. 

No doubt one powerful factor tending 
to retard the introduction of free wheels 
here is the high price charged for it fit- 
ted to a machine. Bicycles still cost 
quite enough for the average rider with- 
out an extra charge of $15 for the pleas- 
ure of coasting added to the purchase 
price. 

The rim brake bids fair to become the 
most popular type of brake out here. It 
is a much neater looking brake than the 
old style, and more powerful. The two 
largest agencies for English goods in this 
colony have a large stock of Bowden rim 
brakes and expect to create a boom in 
them. 

New Cycle Factory in Ballarat. 

Another new firm has started opera- 
tions at Ballarat, Victoria. It is called 
the Diadem Cycle Co. Its capital will al- 
low of it carrying on business on a fairly 
large scale. Workshops have been se- 
cured in Ballarat and nicely fitted up 
with all the latest machinery for bicycle 
building. A staff of twenty-five men has 
been engaged, including some of the best 
mechanics in Victoria. E. C. H. Ferry- 
man is manager of the concern. He is a 
good man to be at the helm and knows 
just as much perhaps as any man in the 
cj'cle trade out here. The company's of- 
fices and depot are at 2 and 4 Doreton 
street, Ballarat. 

The Davies-Franklin Co.. Ltd., of Vic- 
toria, has recently been floated into a 
limited liability company with a nominal 
capital of .^50,000. The registered offices 
are at 22 Sturt street, Ballarat. The com- 
pany was previously carried on by M. 
Franklin as the Davies-Franklin Cycle 
Co. The company is one of the largest, 
if not actually the largest, manufacturers 
of cycles in Australasia. 

Massey-Harris Manager Returns Hon:e. 

A. S. Patterson, Australasian manager 
of the Massey-Harris Co., left Sydney in 
the Alameda on April 11 for San Fran- 
cisco, en route for Canada, where he 
hopes to arrive by May 20. On April 7, 
just prior to his departure from Mel- 
bourne, he was presented with an illumi- 
nated address, a beautiful leather dress- 
ing case, and a large clock as tokens of 
esteem from the employes of the com- 
pany. Mr. Patterson hopes to be able to 
return again to Australia. There is no 
doubt that his business capacity and great 
tact have been powerful factors in the 
success of the Massey-Harris Co. in Aus- 
tralasia. Three years ago the Massey- 
Harris bicycle was practically unknown 
in Australia, whereas now it undoubted- 
ly holds first place as regards sales in all 
the colonies, with the exception, perhaps, 
of Western Australia. 

A. E. O'Brien, who managed the cycle 



department of Gavin & Gibson's estab- 
lishment, which was relinquished after 
that firm lost a lot of money on it, has 
re-entered the trade. He is said to have 
purchased the "Invincible" tire manufac- 
turing business of McCombe & Co. of this 
city.. Whether he has bought the busi- 
ness or not, he is running the plant, and 
just at present is displaying much energy 
in pushing the business. 

Succeeds With Two Speed Cycles. 

The Carbine & Collier Two-Speed Cy- 
cle Co., Proprietary, Ltd., of Victoria, 
which builds bicycles from the best Am- 
erican parts, is doing brisk business just 
at present, having recently reduced its 
prices from ?82.40 to $62.40. This is cash 
price. On time sales it charges $15 extra. 
The terms — $15 deposit and $5.40 per 
month— are very liberal. If the free 
wheel device and back pedaling bralce are 
fitted another $15 is charged. 

The Dayton still continues to get half- 
hearted representation in New South 
Wales. Half a dozen machines are 
brought over from Victoria at a time and 
they sell themselves, as the N. S. W. 
agents (McLean Bros. & Kigg) never ad- 
vertise them or even show them promi- 
nently. This seems strange, as the fol- 
lowing particulars will show. The Mel- 
bourne Sports Depot has the agency for 
Australia and this firm's New South 
Wales branch is McLean Bros. & Kigg. 
In Melbourne the machine is boomed and 
a large number are sold, while in New 
South Wales the agents do not seem to 
care whether they sell machines or not. 
If it pays to push the machine properly 
in Victoria, why not in New South 
Wales? 

Exhibit at Agricultural Show. 

Several of the Sydney agents exhibited 
their machines at the Royal Agricultural 
Society's show, which was held on the 
Agricultural ground during Easter, and 
the Starkey, a machine assembled in the 
colony from English parts, was awarded 
first prize. The builders, Starkey Bxos., 
are much elated over the honors conferred 
on their machines. The firm has been 
established more than twelve months 
now. It had a hard struggle at first, but 
is now doing fairly well. There are about 
fifty or sixty Starkeys running on the 
Sydney streets, while a much larger sale 
for them has been found in the country 
districts. 

Refuses to Recognize Unions. 

As long ago as last fall representatives 
of the National Union of Bicycle Workers 
and Allied Trades began negotiations 
with the American Bicycle Co. looking to 
the unionizing of all trust factories and 
the signing of an agreement whereby the 
unions would be supported and strikes be 
prevented. Ever since then there have 
been semi-official negotiations between 
the two organizations, but the matter 
was not definitely settled until the middle 
of this month, when at a formal confer- 
ence held in the offices of the bicycle 
company the officials of the trust, after a 
brisk discussion of the matter, peremp- 
torily refused to sign such an agree- 
ment. The unions were represented by 
President Mulholland, of the Bicycle 
Workers' Union; President Lynch, of the 
Metal Polishers' and Brass Workers' Un- 
ion; President Thomas, of the Pattern 
Makers' Association, and Delegate Brown, 
of the International Association of Ma- 
chinists. While none of those at the con- 
ference will say positively that strikes 
will follow the refusal of the company to 
recognize the unions, the belief is general 
that a bitter fight will follow. 



STATE OF SUNDRIES TRADE 



PECUIvIAR CONDITIONS PREVAII,1NG 
MAKE SEASON'S PROFITS SMAI,!, 



Despite Curtailing of Production and High 

Price of Steel, Sundries are 

Still Cheap. 



A prominent dealer of Danville, 111., ob- 
serves that very few medium grade ma- 
chines have been sold there so far ths 
year, although there is a good demand for 
both the high and the low priced models. 



Springfield, Mass., May 28. — New Eng- 
land makers of sundries report almost 
without exception that the business of 
the present season has not fulfilled ex- 
pectations. Prices have ruled nearer the 
actual cost of production than ever be- 
fore, while the price of steel has been 
from 15 to 30 per cent higher than last 
season, according as contracts for metal 
were closed early or late. Collections 
have been satisfactory as a whole. 

Those engaged in the sundries trade are 
as a rule of the opinion that makers of 
complete machines have derived the ben- 
efit which necessarily accrued to some- 
one as a result of lower prices for parts, 
while the employes of makers of sundries 
have of course suffered to a considerable 
extent. Little encouragement is offered 
for expecting better prices next season, 
but it is possible that some advantage 
may accrue to ,the parts men through 
lower prices in steel, which, it is predict- 
ed, will be brought about before another 
season's work begins. 

Anomalous State of Trade. 

The conditions under which the maker 
of bicycle sundries has done business the 
past season are peculiar in that his line 
is one of the few machining businesses in 
the United States in which lower prices 
prevail than a year ago. It should be 
noted that the field has also been limited 
by the advent of the A. B. C, which has 
closed many avenues which formerly fur- 
nished profitable orders to the sundries 
man. 

Makers of completed bicycles face a 
more encouraging outlook, though the 
season has been undeniably slow and is 
practically over at the factories. The con- 
cerns outside of the A. B. C. report that 
their trade has very nearly approached 
the figures of last season. 

Overman Facts Brought to I,ight. 

The long-drawn-out hearing before a 
master last week on the petition of the 
assignee of the Overman Wheel Co. for 
an abatement of part of the taxes as- 
sessed on the Overman plant in Chicopee 
Falls in 1898 and 1899 incidentally dis- 
closed particulars in the Overman com- 
pany's affairs which have not heretofore 
been made public. The assignee's attor- 
ney stated that the Overman company 
lost $250,000 in the year previous to its 
assignment. H. H. Bowman, the assignee, 
testified that the total price paid for the 
buildings, machinery, stock on hand and 
good will when the recent transfer of the 
Overman plant was made to the J. Ste- 
vens! Arms & Tool Co. was $150,000. The 
valuation put upon the plant by the Chic- 
opee assessors in 1899 was $426,000. The 
company made 17,000 bicycles in 1898, the 
season following the assignment, and 17,- 
000 last season, and lost money both 
years. 

Receiver's Sale of Lavigne Plant. 

The land, factory buildings, machinery, 
tools, stock and all other property of the 
Lavigne Automatic Mfg. Co. at 157 to 161 
River street. New Haven, Conn., are being 
advertised at auction sale by Receiver 
Frederick C. Lum pursuant of an order of 
the superior court. The property will be 
sold as a whole or separately and bids 
will be received until June 4. The com- 
pany was engaged in manufacturing auto- 
matic screw machinery, adjustable drill 
presses, tapping and threading machines, 
special machinery, planes, wrenches and 
bicycle pedals. 



110 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



Cbere m 
Bicycles and 
Bicycles* 



While the equipage here 
shown may fill the child- 
hood days with joy the 
** grown-up " will prefer.^ 




THE MANSON 



If you are not selling our line now, try it and 
next season it will be your leader. It costs 
you nothing to see a sample. 



4 STYLES-3 PRICES 

$30> $40 and $50 



MANSON CYCLE CO. 



Manson Square CHICAGO 



Patee ©rest Tand^nr) 





The Patee Crest Tandem has always 
been recognized by racing men as a 
most superior machine for pacing and 
track use. It is light, strong and rigid, 
and a wonderful speed machine. 

Hundreds of them are in constant 
use by club men for both road and track 
work and they give universal satisfac- 
tion. 
Made in Double Diamond and Drop Front; single and double steer. Will carry any weight rider safely over all kinds of roads. Cannot 
be sprung out of line. 



PATEE CREST, MODEL B, $25.00 i^-J^l^y^^flSf d'oi* 

larB In America. Dealers who get our agency are wise. Write for catalogue and prices 



BAKER & HAMILTON 

EXCLUSIVE AGENTS PACIFIC COAST STATES 

San Francisco, Cal. 



P2itee Bicycle Gornpar^y 

111 to 115 A\2iii7 5t., Peoria, III. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



111 



1^0f€yEA( 



Entsrad «t Chlcaeo Post Offlca as Saoond-Class Matte*- 

Published every Thursday at 324 Dearborn St., Chicago. 
Eastern Off less, American Tract Soc'y Bldg., New Yorlc. 

Subscription price in the United States, Canada and 
Mexico, $2 per year; in foreign countries, $6 per year 

All remittances should be made to The Cyclb Agb 
Company. 

Bicycles are built for 
SPEED different classes of peo- 

THE GREAT pie. There are ma- 
REOUIREMENT chines for pleasure or 
business riders, for 
women, for scorchers and for racing 
men. First thought prompts the idea 
that for each class there must be an en- 
tirely different style of bicycle. In some 
respects this is true. The great multi- 
plicity of equipment options bears out 
the statement that what is good for one 
is not always good for another. 

Yet the underlying qualifications that 
constitute a good bicycle are the same, 
or should be the same, for every class 
of machine. These qualifications are 
three in number: strength, speed and 
appearance, and the greatest of these is 
speed. 

The factor of strength is well taken 
care of in all machines with the excep- 
tion of the cheapest of bargain sale 
trash, and even some of such machines 
are fairly safe conveyances. 

The item of appearance is gauged to 
suit the public's purse and fancy. Now 
that cycle finishing methods are com- 
monly and widely known and perfected 
the extremely well finished machine 
owes its good complexion to the amount 
of money spent in the finishing opera- 
tions. 

But speed, the greatest thing in a bi- 
cycle, is a quality which cannot be given 
an extremely cheap machine and which 
yet the highest priced may not have. 
Speed necessitates light weight, rigidity, 
correct distribution of weight, fine con- 
struction, good material, accurate work- 
manship. 

Speed is the underlying quality of a 
successful racing machine. It is the 
surest foundation for a triumphant lady's 
roadster. Why must a lady's or a pleas- 
ure rider's bicycle possess the maximum 
limit of speed? Because speed affords 
ease of propulsion; ease of propulsion 
yields comfort and efficient service; com- 
fort and efficient service sustain the 
rider's interest in cycling; the rider's 
interest in cyling is the spinal column of 
the bicycle trade. 

The bicycle which an old man of sev- 
enty-five or eighty rides for morning ex- 
ercise should be as speedy as the ma- 
chine on which world's records are 
broken. The cycle which bears mine 
lady on her afternoon spin should be as 
fast as the machine on which some scan- 
tily clad athlete leads his fellows across 
the tape in a championship race. 

A bicycle may not be clad as a racing 
machine to be speedy. It may not wear 



a high seat post and deep handle bars, 
thin tires and a long, emaciated saddle. 
But its anatomy must possess the same 
vitality. 

Machines for the pleasure rider cannot 
be fitted with a bargain store equipment 
of so-called comfort yielding appurte- 
nances and satisfy for any great length 
of time. No amount of patent these and 
recommended those will afford lasting 
comfort. The machine which satisfies is 
that which is built as nearly like the 
racing machine as its special require- 
ments allow and which is then equipped 
in a rational manner according to its 
particular use. 

Lady riders are constantly complain- 
ing that their bicycles are too heavy. 
With the exception of one or two makes, 
all American bicycles for women are 
from two to ten pounds heavier than 
necessary and just. 

The racing man's machine must be as 
light as rigidity and strength will per- 
mit. Why? That it may possess speed. 
Speed is the great necessity in ladies' 
bicycles that such machines may run 
easily. They must also be as light as 
strength and rigidity will permit. Yet 
they are from from five to ten pounds 
heavier than the ordinary racing bicycle 
and the demands made upon their 
strength are not nearly so great. Let 
ladies' bicycles be lighter and speedier, 
easier to handle, easier to ride, and the 
sale of women's machines will increase 
and the howl of the pessimist that the 
use of cycles by women is dwindling will 
cease. 

The pending labor 
STRIKES troubles have not af- 

AND THE fected the bicycle trade 

CYCLE TRADE ^o the measure that 
they have influenced 
other branches of manufacture. The 
principal influence of these difficulties 
which is felt by the cycle trade inter- 
ests are indirect ones acting upon the 
manufacturer through other producing 
interest and upon the dealers through 
the lessening of normally eligible cus- 
tomers. 

In Chicago, where the strikes have 
been most important, the sale of bicycles 
has been injured. The laboring classes 
now constitute an important factor in 
the bicycle consuming element. Place 
the laborer in a position which makes 
it impossible for him to pay his grocery 
bills and the retail bicycle trade will 
suffer. 

Influences upon the manufacturer are 
not as direct. His interests cannot be 
swung from seeming success to failure 
so quickly as can those of the dealer, 
but he feels both the back lash of the 
consumers' troubles and the weakening 
of manufacturers in other lines. 

Thus far the strikes have not seri- 
ously damaged the cycle trade for this 
year. Increase in sales over last year 
are reported from different sections of 
the country and in those cities where 
sales of cheaper models, such as work- 
ingmen buy, have dropped off increases 
in the general purchase of better grade 
machines by other buyers has partly 



equalized the business. 

But the fact that the bicycle industry 
is not feeling keenly the stripes which 
are now being laid on the back of the 
general trade of the country does not 
absolve it from all danger at the hands 
of that ever jealous duo — capital and 
labor. 

Bicycle manufacturers as a class have 
been lucky for years in the manage- 
ment of their labor. Cycle workers, ex- 
cept in a few instances, have had less 
complaint to make than workmen in 
other lines. Still the danger which 
fronts all trades, the danger which is 
seen as a green light of caution by some 
and scorned; which looks red to others 
and is feared; which drives hasty ones 
to socialism and greedy ones to monop- 
oly; which has never been comprehended 
but always recognized— the feared crash 
consequent upon the abnormal growth 
of trades unions and the parellel rapid 
development of trusts— must be faced by 
the bicycle trade as well as by the other 
industries of the land. 

The bicycle industry has grown to oc- 
cupy an important position in the coun- 
try's commerce. That position must be 
maintained with dignity and safety if 
the general welfare of the country be 
maintained. Shirking of responsibility 
on the part of individuals brings disas- 
ter to a community. The cycle trade as 
a great factor in American manufacture, 
must exer6*se every .possible care te 
stand flrm in times of hardship. 

If the capital and the labor in tho cycle 
trade have been comparatively free from 
civil war then both elements should 
proudly aim to keep the records clean, 
rather than to merely rest on previous 
good behavior and gradually drift the 
downward way in the midst of quarrel- 
ing companions. 

Bicycle makers are in a position to set 
a mark for American manufacturing cap- 
italists. It is to their own benefit as well 
as glory to do it. Cycle workers are 
able to establish a precedent of con- 
sistency and intelligence in their de- 
mands upon manufacturers. Let them 
do it. The bread that goes to their homes 
and the praise that reaches their ears 
are equally consequent upon their future 
course. 

The independent cycle trade should 
not fear the present strikes, but it should 
aim high for the future lest the evil day 
which so many pessimists, socialists and 
politicians predict shall in reality befall. 
The A. B. C. as a trust can hardly be 
expected to rise above the Standard Oil 
Company's level of ethics. 
m * * 

The tongue of rumor wags to the effect 
that the owner of a certain trade paper 
boasted that he had never spent as much 
as $1.50 on the trade. The same tongue 
tells of the same man that he once went 
to a race track on Derby day and offered 
to bet the "bookie" $2. 
« * * 

An agent ordered a lot of goods from 
the wondrous A. B. C; but when they 
reached his neck-o'-the-woods the pack- 
age was C. 0. D. 



112 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



HOW RETAIL FIRMS GROW 



Some Examples of Development From Small Beginnings to Fore- 
most Positions in Local Field 



Bengtson Bros., Rockford, 111.— One of the 
most remarkable successes in Rockford busi- 
ness circles in recent years is that of Bengt- 
son Bros.', bicycle dealers, at 617-619 Seventh 
street. Nine years ago they began the sale 
of bicycles, the first year's aaies amounting 
to six machines. Every year since the start 
their business has enlarged till now they sell 
hundreds every year. Their leading makes 
this year are the Cleveland, Imperial, 
Thistle and other standard makes. Aside 
from the sales department they conduct a 
first class repair shop. They also keep bi- 
cycles for rent. Their expenses are not 
heavy and as they are satisfied with fair 
profits trade comes to them from every part 
of the city. 

Free Inflating Tank Draws Custom. 

Phelps & Brenner, Quincy, 111.— Three 
years ago this firm started in business in a 
small way near the corner of Ninth and 
Maine streets, occupying half of a little shop 
less than 10x20 feet in dimensions. Their 
business grew and today they occupy the 
entire building at 729 Maine street, doing the 
largest bicycle and sewing machine business 
of any firm in Quincy. W. H. Phelps and 
John F. Brenner, who constituted the firm, 
are both experienced men in their business, 
Mr. Phelps having been engaged in the sew- 
ing machine business all his life. 

Sewing machines, bicycles and fire arms 
are repaired and light machine work of all 
kinds is done in a first class manner. 

Their stock of bicycles embraces Colum- 
bias, Thistles, the P{ioenix, Monarch, Rem- 
ington, etc., in both chain and chainless pat- 
terns. 

A great convenience to the public is the 
large compressed air tank where the tires of 
upwards of 100 bicycles a day are inflated 
free of cost. This has proved a great ad- 
vertisement, being a means of largely In- 
creasing the firm's business. 

Will Soon Use Electric Power. 

Alabama Bicycle Co., Birmingtiam, Ala.— 
"Nothing succeeds like success," provided 
there's energy and push to it. This is the 
history of the Alabama Bicycle Co. aat 106 
South Twentieth street, since it has been un- 
der the sole ownership of Ed Dawkins for 
the past twelve months. 

Mr. Dawkins began in a small way, doing 
bicycle repairing at moderate prices. Busi- 
ness developed rapidly and although located 
some distance from the principal business 
streets, he soon had a large patronage from 
the leading business men. He has adhered 
strictly to his original principle— the very 
best work at moderate prices— and has won 
out. Business has increased with him to 
the extent that he has been compelled to 
make many changes, and in a short time 
will operate his lathes, drills and other ma- 
chinery by electric power. 

Dealer Becomes an Exporter. 

W. A. Bowen, Kewanee, 111. — Although 
merely a retailed of bicycles, Mr. Bowen has 
the distinction of having become an exporter 
of American bicycles, having just filled an 
order from a friend in Sweden for three Hib- 
bard machines handled by him. Nels Tufve- 
son, who formerly lived in Kewanee, re- 
turned last year to Sweden, where he found 
many of his friends dissatisfied with the 
heavy and clumsy machines on sale there, 
and conseqnently wrote to Bowen for prices 
on some of his machines delivered in Swed- 
en. The reply being favorable, a draft was 
forwarded and the goods promptly shipped. 
In his letter Tufveson states that while the 
bicycles of Swedish, English and German 
make are very strong, they are at the same 
time heavy and cumbersome and he antici- 
pates that he will secure many orders for 
bicycles handled by Mf. Bowen. 

J. E. Frampton, Jacksonville, Fla.— The 
first bicycle built by Mr. Frampton was con- 
structed three years ago and is still in daily 
use in Jacksonville. Since then he has built 
sixteen machines and is now engaged on a 
special racing machine to be used in a match 



race on Panama Park track July 4. The en- 
tire work, with the exception of the bearings 
and wheels, is being done in Mr. Frampton's 
shop. 

Building a Three-Story Factory. 

"W. J. Gilbert, Elgin, 111.— Contracts were 
let the middle of the present month by this 
ambitious, small builder for the erection of 
a new factory to cost J6,000. The building 
will be 20x80 feet and three stories high. 
Work on it has been in progress for some 
days. As at present located the new fac- 
tory will be in the rear of Zook's news stand 
but it is the intention of the owner to extend 
it in the future to the street line. 

Advertising for Tire Repair Work. 

The opening of the riding and racing sea- 
son for 190O presents the opportunity of ad- 
vertising the tire repair business in the fol- 
lowing way: Have printed some manila 
shipping tags like that here reproduced, and 
send out responsible boys with supplies of 
them to race meets, cyclist's resorts, and 
wherever bicycles in large numbers are 



Practice 


pIVE jcan experience in fgi^ 
' TUkanl/lnff single lube r-rii-n 
llrcs Is worib somcihing lo "reen 
Ihe owner o( a blfh-eradc I2I| 
(Ire. 1 will vuk;)nUc; any 
cui or lorn tUph-graiJc lire and guar- 
anice ihal ll wHi noi leak or hulgc 10' 
Ihrcc monltis. rtcxi Hmc lake your 

IviLLIflMS 

Genual Park GuGleru 

SI8 So. HlUSI. Los Anpcles, Ul. 


F4J Makes 


Perfect.. 



placed in racks, with instructions to attach 
one to every machine. 

The very desire of the riders to remove the 
tags will draw their attention to the adver- 
tisement and the name and address will be 
likely to stick in the memory. This is a 
good and not very expensive form of adver- 
tising and has been found effective in draw- 
ing a large amount of custom. 



Not Affected by Club Buying. 

Jenner Cycle Co., Evansville, Ind. — Al- 
though the buying of bicycles through the 
medium of clubs has considerable vogue in 
Evansville, this firm of dealers reports that 
its business is not much if at all affected by 
the custom and that probably not more than 
one-third of the bicycles sold In the town are 



purchased through the club system. Two 
reasons given to account for this are the 
low prices at which bicycles are selling and 
the independence of the purchasers who 
have the cash to pay for what they want 
and who want their mounts at once without 
the bother incident to securing it through 
a club. 

The Jenner company has this year added 
several new lines of independent machines 
to those it formerly carried. 

Opens a Fully Stocked Store. 

American Flyer Cycle Co., Providence, R. 
I.— This enterprising concern, which now 
conducts progressive retail stores in many 
large eastern cities, opened a new establish- 
ment at 29 Westminster street. Providence, 
recently, creating something of a stir in lo- 
cal trade and riding circles. The new store 
is being kept open in the evenings during 
the rush season for the purpose of accommo- 
dating those who are unable to trade th»re 
during the day and a large corps of courte- 
ous clerks is always in attendance. 

This concern is credited with carrying a 
much larger stock of supplies than any simi- 
lar firm in the state and furnishes every- 
thing from a spoke nipple to a complete bi- 
cycle. Its stores are conducted on business 
principles and that this policy pays is at- 
tested by the large crowds of patrons who 
visit the stores daily. 

Curbstone Dealers in Kansas. 

H. T. Cannon, Marion, Kas.— "This is a 
town of 2,500 inhabitants and is the county 
seat. It is well represented by curbstone 
dealers. William Constant, engineer at the 
city water works, sells the Racycle; J. Dal- 
inger, a boot and shoe clerk for Lovicws & 
Sacket Mfg. Co., sells the Crescent; the 
Yale is sold by J. Runyon of the Post Office 
Book Store, while the Hibbard line is hand- 
led by O. Eby, a harness maker. Findley 
Shanklin, a carpenter, is the Rambler agent. 
Other machines are sold by Mr. Butcher, a 
jeweler; John Faust, a farmer, and Sagau 
& Co., hardware dealers." 

Add Electrical Fitting to Repair Work. 

Stebbins and Duncan, Kewanee, 111.— This 
firm, which conducts a bicycle repair shop at 
the corner of Second and Tremont streets, 
has lecently purchased the stock and fix- 
tures outfit of M. J. Dustin, electrician and 
locksmith, and will remove it to the bicycle 
repair shop, where the firm is now prepared 
to do electrical work as well as bicycle re- 
pairing. 

'Chas. H. Kennison, Ayer, Mass.— Has just 
built a new store 14x36 feet on East Main 
street, the basement of which he will use 
for the manufacture of bicycle cement, while 
the main floor will be devoted to the re- 
tailing of bicycles, presided over by Oscar 
E. Slocomb. 

Holmes & Gilmore, Binghamton, N. Y. — 
The machine shop of Charles H. Franklyn 
at 74 State street has been recently pur- 
chased by this firm, which will make a 
specialty of bicycle and automobile repair- 
ing. Mr. Holmes, who was formerly with 
Crocker & Ogden, is a first class machinist. 



GOOD EXAMPLE OF A BAD AD. 




This advertisement is reproduced merely 
to remind dealers how not to advertise. A 
worse advertisement could hardly be pro- 
duced by any combination of carelessness 
of advertiser and publisher. Can you imag- 
ine anyone being attracted through this to 



to Order 

Call and See Them. They Are Made al 
113-115 W Seventeenth St., Rock island. 

order f>, bicycle built in this shop? If the 
only object in using cuts in advertising 
were to attract attention, no doubt the one 
here shown would be effective, but some- 
thing more pleasing is required to draw 
trade in these progressive days. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



113 



MELANGE OF TRADE ITEMS 



Brevities of Interest to Manufacturers, Dealers, 

Jobbers and Exporters of Bicycles 

and Sundries. 



The American Bicycle Co. has decided 
to make Toledo instead of Chicago its dis- 
tributing point, according to a report 
coming from New York. 

It is reported in New Britain, Conn., 
that a representative of a Springfield, 
Mass., bicycle factory has been in New 
Britain seeking a proposition for the re- 
moval of the factory from Springfield. 

Jesse H. Bailey, embezzling assignee 
for the Spaulding & Pepper Co., was sen- 
tenced to five years at hard labor in the 
house of correction in Springfield, Mass. 
This is considered a light sentence, as he 
might have been sent to state's prison. 

A petition in bankruptcy has been filed 
by John Harriman, who has been engaged 
in the manufacture of bicycles in Man- 
kato, Minn., under the style of the Harri- 
man Mfg. Co. His liabilities are placed 
at $1,257.49 and his assets at $900, includ- 
ing stock and tools. 

A Westfleld, Mass., paper states the 
machinery from the Thompsonville plant 
of the A. B. C. is being rapidly set up in 
the local factory, which will be much 
crowded when the removal is complete. 
It further remarks that "only a few bicy- 
cles are being shipped as compared with 
former years." 

It is rumored in Toledo that the A. B. 
C. plant of the Columbus Bicycle Co., 
which is now practically shut down and 
from which some of the machinery has 
been sold, may be removed by the trust 
to Toledo, in which event it is said the 
A. B. C. will buy a factory building out- 
right and begin operations as soon as 
possible. 

The Canada Cycle & Motor Co. has 
notified its agents that there will be no 
delay in filling orders for bicycles owing 
to the late fire that destroyed the St. 
Catherines plants, as large numbers of 
completed machines were stored in ware- 
houses in different parts of the province 
and that the men will again be at work 
making others in a very short time. The 
fact that the warehouses are still full o: 
bicycles does not indicate a very goad 
season for the combination over the bor- 
der, at a time when makers on this side, 
especially the independents, are unable to 
keep up with orders and re-orders. 



Bicycle's Proportion of Accidents. 

The official statistics of accidents 
caused by the various modes of locomo- 
tion in Paris during the month of March 
are as follows: Horse drawn vehicles, 
52 deaths and 666 injured; railways, 13 
deaths and 30 injured; bicycles, 5 deaths 
and 70 injured; automobiles, 4 deaths 
and 48 injured. From which it appears 
that bicycles, being used in larger num- 
bers than motor vehicles or engines, 
cause proportionately much the smallest 
number of accidents, and that the pro- 
portion of deaths to injured is very much 
less than for any of the other modes of 
travel. 



Spalding-Overman Controversy Recalled. 

The retirement of Thomas C. Page as 
manager of the Lamb Mfg. Co. of Chico- 
pee Falls recalls the famous controversy 
between A. G. Spalding and A. H. Over- 
man six or seven years ago. At that time 
the Spaldings had an advantageous 
arrangement with Mr. Overman, where- 
by Victor bicycles were supplied to the 



Spalding trade. A disagreement arose 
which resulted in the establishment of a 
Spalding bicycle plant, the Spaldings 
buying an interest in the Lamb company 
for the purpose. Mr. Overman retaliated 
by branching into the sporting goods 
business and in some parts of the coun- 
try made things interesting for the 
Spaldings. The latter's prestige as mak- 
ers of sporting goods, however, was too 
well established to be easily shaken, and 
when the Victor company became finan- 
cially embarrassed, one of the first acts 
of the assignee was to begin negotiations 
for the sale of the sporting goods depart- 
ment. Mr. Page had a large part in the 
shrewd management which resulted in 
the development of a mammoth bicycle 
business in the Lamb plant. The Spald- 
ing bicycle output, however, never 
equaled the Victor production while the 
latter company remained in the field. 



A Case for Lombroso. 

Another case in criminology that Pro- 
fessor Lombroso would perhaps cite as an 
example superinduced by the bicycle has 
come to light away down in Macon, Ga. 
A letter containing a check fcr $915.98, 
sent from Nashville, was in some manner 
misdirected and found its way to Dudley, 
Ga., where, in some way not brought to 
light, it came into the hands of a negro 
named O'Neil, who, after keeping it for 
three months, became imbued with an 
insatiable ambition to own a $5 bicycle, 
but not possessing the necessary cash, 
paid for the machine with the check, 
which he has since explained to the court 
he thought was for only $9. 



Sales Break the Record. 

Sales of bicycles during last week in 
Hackensack, N. J., were heavier than for 
any corresponding time in years. The 
three dealers in the town together sold 
nearly or quite 100 machines. In addi- 
tion to these, probably half as many more 
were purchased in the large department 
stores in New York and fifty more were 
shipped there by a department house in 
Chicago. During the week the weather 
was ideal for cycling, and those who have 
hitherto been holding off because of the 
rainy and chilling weather began buying. 
There are indications that this trade will 
continue for some weeks. 



CUSHION 
FRAME 



BICYCLES 



ARE SPEEDY 



Special Permit for Bennett Cup Race. 

Special permission will be given by 
the French authorities for the running 
of the Gordon Bennett cup race, in which 
Mr. Winton will represent theAutomobile 
Club of America. Owing to the recent re- 
strictions placed upon motor-vehicle rac- 
ing on the French roads. Count Chasse- 
loup Loubat and two other prominent 
French automobile enthusiasts called up- 
on Count Waldeck Rousseau, minister 
of the municipal council, and obtained 
from him the promise that the race 
would be permitted. June 14 will prob- 
ably be selected as the date for the inter- 
national contest. 



Deal for Seiberling Plant Is Off. 

Martin Kingman, of Peoria, 111., who 
was recently reported to have made an 
attempt to purchase the Peoria rubber 
plant for the purpose of manufacturing 
bicycles, writes the Cycle Age as follows: 
"I have been figuring with parties in the 
machinery line to buy the old Peoria 
Rubber & Mfg. Co.'s plant, _ but not to 
manufacture bicycles. It now appears 
that the deal will not be consummated 
on account of the high price asked for the 
plant." 

Cleveland, O., May 30.^There were six- 
ty-eight starters in the ten-mile road race 
of the Cleveland Wheel Club. George 
Nebe, Cleveland, 2:30 handicap, won; ac- 
tual riding time, 27:50 1-5. 



For the same reason that the 
pneumatic tire is faster than 
the solid — there is less resis- 
tance when the wheel passes 
over obstructions. The Cush- 
ion Frame adds to the resili- 
ency of the tire several hun- 
dred per cent. No pneumatic 
tire depresses more than a 
quarter of an inch, when prop- 
erly inflated. The Cushion 
Frame has over an inch of re- 
siliency — hence added speed 
and comfort. Think this over 
and try a 



PIERCE 
STEARNS 
FRONTENAC 
OUTING 



BARNES 

OLIVE 

YALE 

IVER JOHNSON 



READING STANDARD 



HYGIENIC WHEEL CO. 

PATENTEES 

St. Paul Building, 220 Broadway 
NEW YORK 



114 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



CURRENT MECHANICAL TOPICS 



'WHAT HAPPENED TO JONES' 



Various Repair Kinks that Dawned on the 
Mind of an Indiana Man. 



Geo. L. Jones of Muncie, Ind., says that 
during several years of practical experi- 
ence in the cycle repair shop he has been 
favored with more than a few ideas which 
might prove of interest and value to other 
mechanics and that those here given are 
samples which he gladly offers other Cy- 
cle Age readers for their consideration. 

Mr. Jones states that in most of the 
bicycles which he assembles he uses 
Fauber hangers and that in order to obvi- 
ate the nuisance of spelter and flux flow- 
ing into the ball cup threads during braz- 
ing operations, he made a pair of light 
collars which can be easily screwed into 
the hanger as the cups would be and then, 
after brazing, screwed out, leaving the 
threads clean and ready for the reception 
of the cups. It is supposed that the col- 
lars are screwed deep enough into the 
hanger to protect all of the threading, 
or at least as much of it as is needed for 
the reception of the cups. Another con- 
venience for assembling frames comprises 
a pair of steel blocks which if inserted 
into the hanger allows the latter to be 
handled as though it were a solid piece. 

When lining the frames Mr. Jones 




Fig. 1. 

rightly uses the crank hanger as the ob- 
jective point. He has an iron rod about 
1 1-4 inches in diameter fitted with a pair 
of collars as shown in Fig. 1. The outer 
of these collars is easily removable so 
that the rod may be clamped to the 
hanger with its collar end passing cen- 
trally through it. The shank is thus 
parallel to the bore of the bracket and 
with the aid of a square applied to said 
shank the frame may be aligned correct- 
ly with relation to its "keystone," the 
hanger. 

For cutting down frames and altering 
the drop of the hanger Mr. Jones uses the 
board shown in Fig. 2. This has a pair 
of blocks, A, attached rigidly to retain 
the seat mast and a block B against 
which the hanger bracket rests. By ap- 
plying the frame to the board when it is 
being cut down and noting its position 
relative to the guide or dimension lines 
the desired proportions may be more 
readily and accurately obtained than 
when the work is done simply by the 
eye. 

In Fig. 3 is shown the "Lightning" 
fork spreader which is manufactured by 
Mr. Jones. The operation of this spread- 
er is simple and easy. The socket ends 
of the wire are placed against the inner 
faces of the fork blades and the handle 
is then drawn backward away from the 
fork. This latter movement separates 
the ends of the wires and accordingly 
spreads the forks, allowing the ready re- 
moval of the wheel. The spreader is 



stoutly made and is adaptable to all pat- 
terns and sizes of forks. 

It is sometimes difficult to chuck a 
rear sprocket blank in a lathe for the 
purpose of turning it down on the sides 
and boring out and threading the cen- 
tral opening. Mr. Jones suggests that 
the difficulty can be successfully over- 
come by wrapping the sprocket in a 
piece of B block chain. Care should be 



THE ROLLERS THEY DO ROLL 




observed, he says, to keep the sprocket 
teeth, where gripped by the chuck jaws, 
from lying quite flush with the outer 
circumference of the chain. A sprocket 
held in this manner can be readily cen- 
tered to the necessary accuracy. 



He Is One of Many. 

The statement of a "shyster" patent 
solicitng firm that it is easy to invent is 
borne out by the following clipping from 
a daily newspaper: 

"I wish to call the attention of the 
public that I have a patent bottle, and 
would sell the patent or supply any one 
with the same; I got a valve that don't 
need any packing and a hanger that don't 
need to be greased only once a year, and 
can run 800 revolutions a minute, and a 
steel can be used for electricity or dyna- 
mos or anything without danger of burn- 
ing, and it has a perpetual motion, and it 
can run a clock. Frank Faravella, 420 S. 
Clark street, Chicago, 111." 

A hanger that "can run 800 revolutions 
per minute" is certainly a novelty, and 
the fact that it "don't need to be greased 
but once a year," while many hangers 
within our cognizance get greased once 
a day, whether they need it or not, will 
appeal to the man who pays the "grease" 
bill, comments a contemporary. A steel 
that can "be used for anything without 




-^■//^■r/^--"'-^ 



Fig. 3. 



danger of burning" will be hailed with 
delight by tool-makers, even though it is 
complicated by the fact that it "has a per- 
petual motion and can run a clock." The 
attention of the Tripler Liquid Air Com- 
pany is cheerfully directed thereto, or, 
rather, the buyers of liquid air and kin- 
dred stocks should have ^ "whack" at 
this. 



Bxperleuce with Roller Chain Proves Effi- 
cacy of that Construction. 



Like the Brooks pattern saddle the rol- 
ler chain deserves the credit of being a 
"stayer" in the face of a multitude of 
changing fancies in cycle construction. 
Yet, regardless that the roller chain as 
now made is a lively competitor of the 
block chain and of the chainless driv- 
ing gear, there are many who doubt its 
advantages beyond the simple one that it 
of necessity is a well made article. 

It is common to hear the query: "Do 
the rollers really roll?" Surely if the 
rollers of a roller chain do not roll that 
chain is hardly what it is supposed to 
be. 

It may be easy to demonstrate theoreti- 
cally why the rollers of a roller chain 
should roll, why a roller chain effectively - 
serves its purpose. But the simplest de- 
monstration, and the most conclusive, is 
trial. A member of the Cycle Age editori- 
al staff last season rode continually a bi- 
cycle fitted with a roller chain. He used 
the chain simply because it was supplied 
by the maker of the bicycle and was not, 
at the beginning of the season, more than 
good naturedly agreeable to the chain. 
He actually possessed the private doubt 
that the rollers would do much rolling 
in practical service. 

The chain was given a season's hard 




Tffi 6^;:^ ^^0£: 



work without being cleaned and oiled but 
once. During the rest of the year the 
chain got not even a wipe-up with a 
cloth. Yet never during the time in which 
it was in use did the chain crack, bind or 
squeak; never could it be heard to mur- 
mur during the accomplishment of its 
work; never did the rider wish for a 
gear case or for a chainless machine. 

The chain had mud thrown in its face 
and it cried not; water was poured down 
its neck and it moaned not; gravel was 
dashed between its teeth and it wailed 
not. It was a chain that was always 
ready and always willing; and the rollers 
rolled. In the fall each roll was bright 
and smooth entirely around its periphe- 
rial surface. There were no flat places, 
no dirty ones. The rolls had served their 
purpose. 

At the beginning of the present season 
the same rider, when equipping a Nor- 
wood bicycle for his use, decided without 
hesitation that he should have a roller 
chain. A Chantrell chain made by the 
Chantrell Tool Co. of Reading, Pa., was 
selected after a careful examination. Thus 
far in the course of a season's riding it 
has done admirable service. It was put 
on the machine practically dry and_was 
not favored with even a rubbing down of 
graphite. It has been ridden over dirt 
and clay streets through two rain storms 
and is yet to be cleaned and oiled. So 
much for the roller chain in practice. 

As a typical example of high-class 
American made roller chain a brief de- 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



....For - 

Quality and Price 



1900 ADMIRAL— $25.00 



WRITE US. 




March- Davis 
Cycle Mfg. 
Co.... 



-CHICAGO 



riakers of 

Bicycles for the Jobbing Trade 

Exclusively 



Our Large Output Enables Us to Qive the Best Value Obtainable for the rioney. 

I "^Ai '!^^ !iAJ '^Ai ^Ai i^lA) '&A) 9A) '^Al 'lAi 'lAi i^AJ i^Ai i^A) <^A) <!IA) <^A1 i^Ai i^Ai <%A) %A) <^Ai 'lAi ^A) '^A) illAl <!kAi '!IAJ '&AJ <!VAi i^AJ %A) i^Al A 

I (<w (tv <(w oV oV <<w oV ?w ?V ?<V r<w (<w jtv nw ?V ?V f^ 



AGENTS AND DEALERS 



THEY ARE 

DETACHABLE 
AND NO PART OF 

THE PA,NTS 




Read^«it 



t 
t 
t 
t 

t 

t 
t 

t 



^^IWW 



FBlcnted Oct. 19. 1897. 



We have thoroughly advertised our Trouser 
Cuffs (the only device for converting long trous- 
ers into Bicycle Pants) for a number of years 
to the Bicycle Riders throughout the country with 
tremendous success, and now wish to place the 
sale of them with One Dealer or Agent in 
every city or town. 



Write for full particulars, 
termsi etc...«. 



¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 



Highwater Mfg. Co. ¥ 



605-607 3Ist St., CHICAGO, U. S. A. 



¥ 

¥ 



116 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



scription of the Chantrell chain is not out 
of place. This chain is distinctive, even 
among roller chains, because of its double 
bushing. 

As shown in the accompanying illus- 
tration the pin or rivet is surrounded by 
a thin sleeve or bush. This is of hard- 
ened steel and is long enough to furnish 
bearing support at each end for the re- 
spective inner side links of the chain. 
Its ends are serrated that it may bind 
against the outer side plates. Surround- 
ing this bushing and extending from one 
inner side link to its mate is another 
hardened steel sleeve. The roller is 
mounted on this. The outer of the two 
hardened bushings is fastened non-re- 
volubly within the side links by means 
of a notch in each of the latter and an 
engaging prong driven outward into the 
notch from the bush. 

The inner of the two hardened bushings 
is thus non-revolubly mounted on the pin 
or roller and the outer bush rigidly con- 
nected to the inner pair of side plates. 
The two bushings may turn freely on each 
other and the roller may revolve freely 
on the outer. 

The construction is simple but careful 
and necessarily more expensive than the 
manufacture of the ordinary block chain. 
That the additional cost of the chain 
is more than balanced by the additional 
goodness of the finished article is the 
item which the Chantrell people are now 
endeavoring to prove to the trade. 



TRADE ALLIANCE SCHEME 

Plan to Regulate Cost of Production and 
Profits— Workman Benefits. 



The gvrations of modern manufu dur- 
ing interests have brought forth many 
plans for salvation from undue and kill- 
ing competition. The common resort of 
the capitalist is consolidation. The nope 
of the socialist is gov.-rnmcntal control. 
But the evolution of mauuCacturing eco- 
nomics, erratic as it may be, is a slow, 
steady process and in its course many at- 
tempts at advancement mus: bo made, 
many ideas from many minds tried. 

A plan which has caused much com- 
ment in England, the land of its na- 
nativity, but which has been treated with 
little concern by manufacturers in Amer- 
ica, is that known as the Smith Trade 
Alliance. The scheme takes itn name 
from its originator, a Birmingham man 
who has been developing his ;3ro.ieci tor 
the past several years. His trade alli- 
ance, its principles and methods are 
outlined by the Iron Age as follow.-?: 

Mr. Smith starts with the conviction 
shared bv the majority of our maimers that 
untold mischief is done by ignorance of or 
indifference to carefully establishing the 
real cost of production. Mr. Smith s nrst 
step after getting the members of a trade 
together is to form a large and representa- 
tive committee to assist in working out the 
cost of production of every article to be cov- 
ered by the alliance. On the top of this 
cost a minimum profit must be charged. In 
some trades every individual member rnay 
charge any price he likes above that mini- 
mum, but he must show, whenever called 
upon to do so, that after making out his 
calculations of cost on association lines, the 
minimum margin of profit is provided for 
in his selling prices. In these lines the com- 
petition between manufacturers resolves it- 
self into efforts to reduce the cost. 

In several branches of manufacture Mr. 
Smith adopts uniform price-lists. In others 
a system of grading is adopted in allowing 
special privileges in the way of larger dis- 
counts off selling prices to those members 
who are handicapped in the race for eciual- 
.ity. Finally he has provided in some cases 
for a system of compensation for any loss 
of trade caused by the association, but states 
that thus far it has never been claimed. 

It is in this way that Mr. Smith endeavors 
to secure what he calls a living profit. With 
that he couples a plan to secure to labor a 
"living wage," and it is this "alliance" with 
labor which gives vitality to his scheme. 
He holds— and many will agree with him— 
that by preventing "imbecile underselling" 
he prevents labor troubles. Hei recognizes 
the trade union and forms an alliance be- 
tween it and the associated manufacturers, 



the fundamental principle being that neither 
side will countenance any maker or work- 
man who is not included in the agreement. 

In forming the alliance wages and profits 
are taken as they are, then profits are fixed 
on a fair level, and as a separate item there 
is added to wages a bonus or bonuses upon 
wages; each bonus being a percentage of 
such additional profit which in England is 
accepted as a fair proportion. A wages and 
conciliation board, consisting of an equal 
number on each side, is established, whose 
decisions must be loyally accepted. 

Mr. Smith mentions the following condi- 
tions which attach to the alliance: 

"1. The work people have a guarantee 
that existing wages shall never be reduced 
as long as the alliance lasts. 

"2. Wages for new articles introduced 
after its formation may be settled on each 
works; but either side can call upon the 
board to fix them. 

"3. The first bonus is also a fixture, as 
selling prices will not be reduced below the 
first level. 

"4. Any further bonus can only be paid 
on any increased actual profit. Any change 
in selling prices caused by advance in the 
prices of material, and not carried beyond, 
is exempt from further bonus. 

"5. All bonuses after the first are subject 
to a sliding scale whenever real profits are 
increased or decreased. 

"6. No strike or lockout is permitted un- 
less in defense of the alliance. Then it is 
supported by both sides, and the expenses 
are divided. 

"7. In the event of any dispute to be re- 
ferred to the board, workmen must accept 
employers' conditions and prices under pro- 
test. They cannot leave their employment 
or be discharged on account of the dispute; 
but the settlement must be retroactive, sd 
that no injustice may be done. 

"8. Each employer retains full control over 
his own works upon all matters but those 
pertaining to wages and bonus and condi- 
tions of labor. Workmen can be discharged 
for any other reason, and are themselves 
free to change their employment whenever 
they wish to do so. 

"9. The workmen's union must supply a 
sufficient number of good work people, and 
the board decides as to the necessity or oth- 
erwise of bringing new men into the trade. 

"10. No restriction is placed upon any one 
wishing to come into the trade, so long as 
he agrees to sell on the lines laid down by 
the association, and to comply with the rules 
that govern- competitors." 

Mr. Smith rather laboriously, it seems to 
us, attempts to prove that the interests of 
'the consumer are safeguarded. We fancy, 
however, that the average purchaser would 
regard such an alliance as a very effective 
"hold up.'" 

It has been urged, too, that such a com- 
pact for mutual benefit between men and 
makers might prove a dangerous one to the 
industry and the country, when the question 
arises of meeting competition of capital and 
labor, warring merrily, in other countries. 

Mr. Smith states that there are now work- 
ing under such alliances in England 500 man- 
ufacturers, employing some 30,000 work peo- 
ple and controlling $250,000,000 In capital. The 
latter figure, however, seems to us to be a 
misprint, since this would mean an average 
capital per manufacturer of $500,000, which 
cannot be the case in the trades which he 
enumerates. 



Cost of Machine Work. 

The question as to the "cost" of a ma- 
chine, or the product turned out by it, 
involves a number of items, at least one 
of which is frequently too little consid- 
ered. Of course it is well known that 
when a new machine is once put into 
service it immediately becomes "second- 
hand," thus entailing an immediate loss 
in market value. The longer a machine 
is in use and the less carefully it is han- 
dled the more rapidly it depreciates and 
the extent of the denrecia'io;!, whether it 
be much or little, must be considered in 
estimating from time to time the present 
value of the machine, asserts a writer in 
Cassier's Magazine. Similarly the co^t 
of maintaining the machine in a suffi- 
ciently good condition to insure its effi- 
ciency is an item which cannot be over- 
looked. 

There is, however, another item which 
in many cases Is of even greater import- 
ance. A mantifacturer obtaining a new 
machine, especially if it is designed for 
some work for which there is a limited 
market, stands, in these days of rapid 
improvement and development, face to 
face with the question, "How long before 
the machine must be supplanted by a 
better one in order that I may compete 
in cost of product with others who may 
at some time obtain a more efficient ma- 



chine for doing the same work?" In 
other words, what is the percentage of 
the hazard of being compelled to aban- 
don the machine and procure another in 
order that he may maintain his market, 
or may continue to make a profit on his 
manufactures? 

Even the most casual glance at the 
history of special machinery, as em- 
ployed in American manufactures, for 
example, during the past two or three 
decades will show that this "risk," as in- 
surance people would term it, is by no 
means a small one. It is a question if 
a majority of the standard machines 
can be used profitably for a period of 
twenty years, even if maintained in a 
perfectly efficient condition. Indeed, it 
is a question if any machines, in such a 
sense, are strictly standard. Clearly a 
majority of the machines in use are to 
a certain extent special, and the more 
rapid Uie Improvement in any particula'" 
art, the more rapidly the machines be- 
come relatively inefficient, as measured 
by their earning capacity. 



Another Tire Defla'or. 

Several forms of small appliances for 
holding valves open while deflating tires 
or inner tubes have been previously" 





/^ei.'>rii 'loi 



shown in the Cycle Age. T. S. Simpson 
of Simpson Bros., Centerville, Mich., sug- 
gests the device herewith illustrated, it 
comprises simply an ordinary small size 
spring clothespin into one jaw of which 
a bent wire has been fitted. The method 
of using it is clearly shown in the sketch. 
This tool has the distinct advantages 
that it will fit all valves, is large enough 
not to get lost easily and can be attached 
to or detached from a valve in an instant. 
Mr. Simpson states that he will mail 
one of these deflators, ready-made, to 
anyone desiring the same, on receipt of 
ten cents. 



Sensitive CapitaL 

Credit is a substantial equivalent to 
added capital, but as sensitive as the 
flowers that bloom in the spring, and 
must be carefully guarded from the nip- 
ping winds of suspicion and evil report. 
We cannot pull a prop from beneath a 
house without weakening the structure. 
So with credit, it must be kept fairly in 
its place or the whole fabric comes tumb- 
ling down, presenting a doleful scene of 
financial debris. 



Profit in Discounted Bills. 
Now that business is more active and 
the circulation of money more general 
and widespread, it behooves the retail 
merchant to use every effort in the direc- 
tion of discounting his bills, says the 
Bookkeeper. He makes a profit by the 
operation, even if he borrows funds at a 
lower rate of interest than is determined 
by the discount. Then, too, he establishes 
a reputation for promptness and business 
sagacity which may some time be of ma- 
terial benefit, besides having the addi- 
tional satisfaction of knowing that his 
bills payable account will not stare him 
in the face every time he goes through 
his ledger. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



117 



NO PATENT— NO CHARGE 



Inventors Should Shun Attorneys Operating on the Contingent Pay- 
ment Plan — Examples of Their Methods , 



In almost any profession may be found 
a class of men who deem It advisable for 
their own good to seek patronage among 
the gullible rather than to compete for 
first-class trade. For instance, the medi- 
cal profession is burdened with doctors 
who run medical department stores, 
which are advertised in a manner calcu- 
lated to catch the trade of those unwary 
individuals whose penury or necessity 
prompts economy at the expense of their 
eventual welfare. 

One Form of Gambling. 

Some of these advertising doctors op- 
eiate on the "no cure, no pay" plan, and 
many there are to whom this catch 
phrase seems a sacred guaranty of good 
faith. Numerous firms of patent attor- 
neys are angling for clients with the same 
bait. Their war cry is "no patent, no 
charge," and both the woods and the 
cities are full of inventors who interpret 
it as the keynote of honesty. But it's not. 
It's mere speculation. The man or firm 
who obtains patents for its clientage on 
this plan is but gambling with percent- 
ages. 

If a sufficient number of patrons be ob- 
tained the profits on the work done for 
those whose patents are allowed will off- 
set the loss on the work spent in the in- 
terests of inventors failing to obtain pat- 
ents. 

When an attorney seeks to obtain a 
patent for an Inventor he is dealing with 
a matter which is not entirely within his 
own control. It may not be his fault if 
he fails to secure the patent. If he is an 
honest and knowing solicitor it cannot 
be his fault. If he shoulders the respon- 
sibility of passing an invention through 
the patent office he is doing one of two 
things: proving himself ultra-charitable 
to his fellowmen or acting dishonestly. 
It is more than likely that the latter 
characterization fits him better. 

Obtain Value'.ess Patents. 

In order to make all the money he can 
he must obtain all the patents he can; 
which, worded differently, means that he 
will push through valueless claims in lieu 
of the genuine protection the patent office 
will not furnish his client. 

If one man works honestly in the in- 
terest of another man he is deserving of 
credit and pay. If a man contracts to 
work for nothing and is in the patent 
business he had better be watched — and 
shunned. 

All of a patent attorney's work pre- 
cedes the issuance of a patent. If he has 
worked honestly and the patent is grant- 
ed, its allowance has been made because 
the invention was patentable. If he 
works conscientiously but the patent is 
not allowed it is because the invention 
was deemed not patentable by the com- 
missioner. 

The patent attorney is a workman. He 
labors for his client. The patent com- 
missioner, not the attorney, is judge and 
his decision in the matter of a patent 
should not detract from nor add to the 
value of the services of the attorney. As 
mentioned above, when an attorney 
gauges his pay upon the decision of the 
commissioner he is gambling and using 
his client as the ante. 

How One Firm Does It. 

The attention of the Cycle Age was re- 
cently attracted to the advertising matter 
of one of these contingent fee patent 
firms. It is not necessary to mention the 



name of the concern. The work accom- 
plished by all such people is characteris- 
tic of the class and if the falsity of the 
doctrines of one of them be pointed out, 
Cycle Age readers can protect themselves 
by keeping out of reach of all attorneys 
of the same clan. 

The firm used for example seeks to 
gain patronage by first charming men 
with the idea of invention and by then 
seducing the charmed ones into its cli- 
entage by glittering offers of cheap fees 
contingent upon the issuance of the pat- 
ents, and in selling patents, imitation 
money good for $5 in trade and complete 
outfits of printed matter supposed to as- 
sist the hopeful inventor when braving 
the vicissitudes of the cold, cold commer- 
cial world. 

Below are a few excerpts from the con- 
cern's forty-page treatise on the patent 
business (as handled by it). Under the 
caption, "How and What to Invent," is 
the following: 

Begs for Broadside Invention. 

To the popular mind, the inventor, like 
the poet, is born, not made. It is errone- 
ously assumed that the faculty of original 
creation is a rare one possessed by few, and 
not to be attained by others, however ear- 
nestly they may strive for it. 

This is a mistake, as the faculty is one 
common, more or less, to the majority of 
men. 

The way to invent is to keep thinking, 
and to thought add practical experiments. 
Examine things about you and study to 
improve them. When you see a new inven- 
tion for which perfection is claimed, just 
make up your mind that it can be improved. 
Have your eyes in all directions; let no ob- 
served phenomena go uninvestigated. 

The above is an open invitation to the 
public to invent. It invites men who 
know nothing to invent something. It 
invites men who have no thoughts to 
commence thinking. It invites the dear 
populace to turn itself loose into the field 
of originality regardless of cause, conse- 
quence, coin. It almost dares men to in- 
vent; and underneath its invitation and 
its dare lies a purpose — the purpose of 
supplying fresh eggs for the "no chicken, 
no charge" incubator. 

"There Are Millions in It." 

"Will it pay?" The same effusion an- 
swers thusly: 

"Will it pay?" As a general rule, every 
patentable improvement will more than re- 
pay the small cost of taking out the patent. 
The sale of a single machine or of a single 
right of use will often bring back more than 
the whole outlay for the patent. The extent 
of profit frequently depends upon the busi- 
ness capacity of the inventor or his agent. 
One man, by his activity, will make a for- 
tune out of an unpromising improvement, 
while another, possessing a brilliant inven- 
tion will realize little or nothing, owing to 
incompetent and careless management. 

Inventions on even the smallest things are 
often wonderfully profitable. The "return 
ball," a little wooden ball with a rubber cord 
attached, realized for the inventor $80,000 
within three years; the lead pencil rubber 
tip cleared tts inventor $100,000; the metal 
rivet or eyelet for miners' coat and trousers 
pockets brought the inventor a handsome 
fortune; boot and shoe heel and sole plates 
of metal cleared $1,250,000; the glass bell in- 
verted over lamps and gas jets cleared a 
fortune; the simple plan of fastening 
powdered emery on cloth made a fortune; 
the roller skate cleared $1,000,000 before the 
craze died out; copper tips for shoes netted 
millions; the simple needle threader netted 
$10,000 a year; toys and playthings have 
cleared thousands; dancing "Jim Crow" net- 
ted $75,000 a year; "Pharoah's serpents" 
cleared $70,000; the "wheel of life," cleared 
$50,000; the Chameleon top brought a for- 
tune; the "Pigs in clover" puzzle in one year 
made its inventor a fortune; the pencil 
sharpener cleared a fortune. Indeed, the 
field is so vast and the number of profitable 
patents so great that It is Impossible to re- 



cite the great number of instances where in- 
ventors have realized fortunes out of what 
at first appeared to be trifling inventions. 

The patent records are full of trilling sug- 
gestions that have won riches for lucliy 
thinkers, many of which have been hit upon 
toy accident, and In numerous cases the in- 
ventors were doubtful whether the idea was 
worth patenting. » 

A happy thought leading td the production 
of a new and useful article, very often turns 
the tide of life, and yields the inventor a 
fortune. In fact, patents appear to be the 
poor man's only hope of freeing himself 
from the bonds of poverty. 

"Every patentable improvement will 
more than repay the small cost of taking 
out a patent." In the original this state- 
ment is followed (because of a typo- 
graphical mistake) by an interrogation 
mark. The proofreader's carelessness 
bordered on true wit when he passed that 
question mark unnoticed. Such a state- 
ment is worthy of no other consideration 
than mere interrogation. 

"Patents appear to be the poor man's 
only hope of freeing himself from the 
bonds of poverty." The United States 
patent office now has on record over 650,- 
000 patented inventions. Most of these 
patents were granted to poor men. How 
many are rich today? Many thousands 
more of poor men have applied for pat- 
ents unsuccessfully. Where are their 
riches? One man made a fortune on a 
roller skate. Several thousand other in- 
ventors have been left stranded without 
the price of a roller skate or of the other 
kind. 

None Too Poor to Invent. 

"How to borrow money to secure a pat- 
ent," is the next bit of advice handed out 
to the penniless public by this sage dis- 
penser of patent wisdom. It is: 

If you have made an invention for which 
you desire to secure a patent, but lack the 
necessary funds, do not, for that reason, be 
so foolish as to give or throw away the in- 
vention. If you are "pinched" for money, 
you can generally, by patience and perse- 
verance, obtain the use of the small sum 
required by explaining the merits of the in- 
vention to intelligent, reliable persons in 
your vicinity. Try. No one will be likely 
to help you unless you ask, and you should 
keep asking until you find your man. To 
the party who is disposed to make the de- 
sired loan, the grant of a privilege for a 
town or county will generally be satisfactory 
recompense. 

The borrowing and lending of small 
sums of money has been the cause of 
more than a few downfalls of upright 
men. To borrow for the sake of neces- 
sity is bad enough. To borrow for the 
purpose of pampering a pimple on the 
brain or to take a chance at an unlearned 
game is worse and is harmful both to in- 
dividuals and masses. To countenance 
and advise such procedure is perhaps up 
to the level of a genteel crime, perhaps 
only as high on the economic ladder as 
the three-balls-and-a-smile combination. 

The Cycle Age Point of View. 

The Cycle Age has previously endeav- 
ored to teach the wisdom of cautious in- 
vention and still more cautious patent 
soliciting. It speaks against "gold- 
brick" patent manipulation neither to 
deride nor to defame, but simply to serve 
as a friend to its readers, thousands of 
whom as cycle repairers and dealers are 
in positions which prompt invention and 
tempt to patent. The Cycle Age does not 
disparage invention. Useful invention is 
to be applauded. Bicycle mechanics 
should seek to improve, but they should 
also gauge their originality by the com- 
mercial side of the industry. It is never 
wise to invent for the sake of invention. 
Invent for the sake of improvement, pat- 
ent for the sake of protection, and choose 
a reliable patent attorney for the sake of 
yourself and the industry. 



A bicycle support which may also be 
used to hold the driving wheel off the 
ground when one wants to "practice 
pedaling" is the recently patented inven- 
tion of Paul Goldsmith of Troy, N. Y. 



118 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



THE WEEK^S GRIST OF PATENTS 



Self-Locking Seat Post — English Rear Fork End Fitting — Duryea s 
Tire Fabric — Other Inventions 



Since the introduction, a couple of 
years ago, of the Watson automatic seat 
post there have been invented several 
similar posts. One of the most recently 
patented of these is that here illustrated 
and which is the invention of Thomas F. 
Sheridan, until recently a member of the 
patent soliciting firm of Banning, Ban- 
ning & Sheridan of Chicago. 

The Sheridan post comprises two sec- 
tions, as does the Watson post, these sec- 
tions being adapted to slide one upon the 




7H£C^^'i-£ ^O^ 



other in the acts of wedging and un- 
wedging. The novelty of the Sheridan 
post lies In the construction of the hori- 
zuuiai arm or lever. This is hinged to 
the upper end of the forward section of 
the split post, being fastened by a cross 
pin and inus retained within a vertical 
slot in the post section. The rear ex- 
tremity of tJhe horizontal arm is fur- 
nished with a tooth similar to a spur gear 
tooth and this tooth is adapted to en- 



gage any one of a series of three or four 
tooth notches formed on the wall of the 
back member of the post. 

The operation of the post is evident. 
Its distinctive advantage is the adjusta- 
bility of the lever arm afforded by the 
rack and tooth engagement. Should the 
post not tighten sufficiently when the 
lever arm is forced downward to a sub- 
stantially horizontal position, the tooth 
on its rear end can be made to engage the 
next notch in the rack, or any notch 
which furnishes the correct adjustment. 
This post is, of course, in two separable 
parts until inserted into the seat mast 
of the bicycle frame. 

Cam Dfiving Mechanism. 

Such inventions as that shown in the 
tv.o ccJumn illustration herewith arc in- 
teresting oi'ly as a study in human nr^- 
ture. What prompts such invention? 
Why are r.ien so blind to known mechan- 
ical principles that they persist in trying 
to force cams, connecting links and levcis 
i'r>on the cycle trade? Combinatioas of 
cnir.s. rollers nnd connecting arms 'lave 
been seen so often that the sight of them 
tires. They have never had a fighting 
chance commercially and never will have. 
Yet their Invention goes on with an un- 
interrupted fervor that baffles compre- 
hension. 

Hosmer Tuttle of Cedar Rapids, la., is 
the author of the gear here shown. He 
did it simply to obviate the chain. With 
carefully designed bevel and roller gear 
mechanisms fighting for their life against 
the feood old chain, what possible sense 
is there in the throwing together of a 
small bunch t f cams, rollers and sticks in 
the hope of producing a running gear 
which will earn money for its inventor? 

Tho opfcr;:tion of Mr. Tuttle's aston- 
isher is simple. On each side of the 
crank hanger is a double cam wheel. 
Each wheel contains three notches and 
each notch 1 as a gradual and a steep in- 
clined face. The side connecting arms 
are each cio'.iLle and each bears two v^A- 
lers, one of which is adapted to engige 
each, respectively, of the two cams on 





that corresponding side of the machine. 
The crank arm connections of the driving 
arms lo me rear nuD are quartering. 
The transmission of the driving motion 

is ouvious. luis mecnanism gears the 
machine in accordance with the numbci- 
of notches in each of the hanger cams; 
Liie gear is obtained by multiplying the 
diameter of the rear wheel by the number 
of notches. With a 28-inch rear wheel 
and three-notch cams the gear would be 
eighty-four. Mr. Tuttle has been granted 
several other patents for similar contri- 
vances. 

Detachable Rear Fork End. 

Many devices intended to facilitate the 
removal and replacement of the rear 
wheel of a bicycle have been invented and 
patented during the last ten years. Per- 
haps the rear fork end and chain adjust- 
ment constitute the most troublesome 
small part of a bicycle. At least mak- 
ers and riders have never been entirely 
satisfied with contrivances which have 
been and are now being used. 

Chain adjusters as commonly made are 
so difficult to manipulate when handled 
by the laity that many inventors have 
produced devices whereby the rear wheel 




Tuttle':^ Cam Movement DriviDg Mechanism. 



r:'ii'ii^/)<if 



may be removed and replaced without 
disturbing the adjuster and the adjust- 
ment. Another class of inventors has 
worked to improve the chain adjuster 
itself so that the altering of its adjust- 
ment will cause no troublesome task for 
the operator. An invention of the former 
sort has been recently patented and is 
shown herewith. Its patentees are R. R. 
Gubbins and Hermann Loog of London, 
England. 

The device comprises a removable rear 
fork end. The slotted piece to which 
the rear axle is secured by means of the 
usual lock nuts and chain adjuster parts, 
is formed with a curved forward end 
which in section resembles one portion 
of a dovetail joint. The other and ex- 
terior portion of the dovetail is formed 
on the rear fitting of the bicycle frame. 
A set screw passing through the latter 
and into a threaded hole in the former 
locks the two together when they are as- 
sembled. It is obvious that by removing 
the set sci-ew and rotating the slotted 
piece it may be slipped out of the curved 
slot in the frame extremity. It is thus 
possible to remove the rear wheel with- 
out disturbing the lock nuts and the 
chain adjusters. This device will doubt- 
les operate successfully. Its dubious 
point is that of rigidity. The inventors 
also specify several modifications of the 
same rear fork end connection. The gen- 
eral plan of operation is the same. 

Weaving Tire Fabric. 

There has been pending since 1894 a 
patent for a system of tire fabric weaving 
invented by Charles E. Duryea of Peoria, 
111., and intended to afford ample resis- 
tance to air pressure without injuring the 
natural resiliency of the tire. The pat- 
ent was issued recently. The accom- 
panying illustration shows the feature of 
the invention in the form of a section of 
the fabric expanded to make clear the 
method of weaving. When this fabric is 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



119 



There is Only One Juvenile Bicycle 



that is the WORLD'S STANDARD, and that one is 



THE FAVORITE 

The strongest, best constructed, lighest and easiest running Juvenile made. It is made like 
a bicycle without any "freaky" features. Our prices will be found interesting. Write us for 
prices on (Excelsior) spokes and nipples, when in themarket. We lead in quality and price. 

The Toledo Hetal Wheel Co. - - Toledo, Ohio 



not expanded, but lying in its normal 
form, all of the threads will run substan- 
tially across the tread of the tire, there 
being no warp. 

Fabric woven in this manner allows 
the tread to stretch readily when pressed 
:nward by reason of running over a peb- 
ble or other small obstruction. The fa- 
bric does not, however, permit sufficient 
longitudinal stretching of the tread to 
cause enlargement of small punctures 
and eventual blowing out of tire. The 
weave may be modified in several man- 




ners without departing from the spirit of 
the invention, which is to provide a fa- 
i>ric whose threads run substantially 
crosswise of the tread and are retained 
in their approximate position by being 
vulcanized to the rubber tread but unre- 
tained by warp threads. The patent as 
issued is assigned to the Indiana Kubber 
& Insulated Wire Co. of Marion, Ind. 

Crank and Sprocket Design. 

A design patent has been issued to 
Christian Allman of Huntington, Ind., 
for the sprocket and crank arm design 




-WtCrtlC/!M 



shown in the accompanying illustration. 
The leading feature of the design consists 
of the sprocket wheel comprising the us- 
ual outer rim, a series of spokes, a cen- 
tral aperture and a crank arm extending 
outward from the face of one of the 



spokes and outward away from the rim 
of the wheel. The spokes taper in width 
and the inner end of the crank conforms 
to the shape of the face of the spoke 
upon which it is formed. It also has a 
rib upon its outer surface which merges 
into the round section portion of the 
crank. The central or hub aperture of 
the sprocket has two flat sides and two 
curved surfaces. 

Mentioned Briefly. 

J. C. Busche of Allegheny, Pa., through 
the agency of Munn & Co., has obtained 
a patent for a chainless bicycle whose 
mechanism includes pedal ctanks, two 
segmental spur driving gears, vertical 
endless chain, two sprockets and frame in 
front of pedals, two levers furnishing 
reciprocating motion to rear wheel 
mechanism, and a combination of eight 
links, two internal gears, two pinions 
and two gear housings half as large in 
diameter as the wheel, to transmit the 
driving action to the rear hub. Comment 
would be out of place. 

Lazarus S. Kallajian, Boston's ingeni- 
ous Armenian bicycle inventor and me- 
chanic, lays claims to having built the 
first forward extension handlebar. Kalla- 
jian bad a shop in Waltham, Mass., in 
1S94, when "Pye" Bliss went for the 
world's records, and made the bar stated 
on July 13 for both Bliss and B. A. Mc- 
Duftee, who was one of Bliss' pacemak- 
ers. 

Letters patent have been issued to 
O'scar Druschky of Berlin, Germany, for 
a rear mud guard comprising a light 
spring frame attached to or near the 
wheel axle and running radially outward 
to support a flexible brush adjusted to 
contact with the thread of the tire. 

United States letters patent have been 
granted to Gioacchino Cattaneo of Geneo, 
lialy, for a front wheels hand operated 
roller tire brake. 



TRUING LATHE CENTERS 



Device for Keeplas: Soft Steel Centers in an 
Accurate Condition. 



The accompanying illustration shows a 
rig for truing the live of head centers of 
lathes. It is the suggestion of a contrib- 
utor to the American Machinist. The 
originator of the devices states that while 
he heartily agrees with those who believe 
that no up-to-date shop should use soft 
centers and that he admits the hard cen- 
ter to be the ideal, he is of the opinion 
that the latter is not in general use, prob- 
ably because of the inconvenience of us- 
ing grinding fixtures or of the failure of 
shop owners to supply them. Hence he 
believes that a practical rig for conveni- 
ently truing soft centers is an article of 
utility. 

The truing arrangement illustrated is 



simple. It comprises a cylindrical slide 
carrying a cutter and moved back and 
forth by means of a handle and screw. 




':!vi Oc/r jA>i . 



It is prevented from turning by a key. 
Adjustment of size of cut is obtained by 
moving the foot spindle. 

If the device is properly made the an- 
gle produced will always be right. It 
does the work well and quickly, requiring 
no belts or rigging with which to bother 
and to tempt a man to put off doing what 
he knows is necessary to produce good 
lathe work. 



How Germany's Laws arc Enforced. 

The police of Hildesheim have been 
provided with bicycles and every member 
of the force has been ordered to learn cy- 
cling. 

The Frankfort police officials are sum- 
moning every cyclist who does not use a 
bell. A whistle,' trumpet or any other 
kind of a signal is no excuse, as the reg- 
ulations mention only bells. This is on a 
par with the authorities of Steglitz, a 
suburb of Berlin, where a cyclist was re- 
cently summoned for braking his ma- 
chine by means of a foot brake. The 
Steglitz magistrates disregard every other 
kind of brake but a hand brake and fined 
the cyclist for not complying with the 
regulations. The Berlin center of the 
Deutsche Radfahrer Bundhas intrusted 
its lawyers with the case and is fighting 
against this ridiculous sentence. Effect- 
ive foot brakes seem to be unknown in 
Steglitz. 



The mechanical expert of a typical 
country newspaper in describing the 1900 
models of a bicycle builder of his town 
says this concerning the frame construc- 
tion: "The joints are made flush on the 
outside, making the wheel exceptionally 
strong and beautiful inside." This able 
newspaper man should be given an op- 
portunity to see the inside of a modern 
flush joint. 



120 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



PRICE THE SELLING FACTOR 



Bold Placarding of Retail Figures Helps to 
Make Sales Quick and Easy. 



Nearly all buyers ask about the price 
of an article before ascertaining its 
availability for their purpose. It may be 
exactly what they want, but if it is be- 
yond their power of purchase they let 
it alone and turn to something that 
comes within the limitations of their 
pocket books. For this reason the price 
should be plainly stated in all cases 
where it is possible to do so. The fig- 
ures alone may attract the customer and 
if they strike his fancy the sale is more 
than half made. 

This placarding of prices has an espe- 
cial value in the show window. The 
goods may be so nicely arranged that 
the onlooker may give them a greater 
value than they actually possess, and 
would not stop to examine them if the 
plainly marked price did not show him 
that they cost him less than he imag- 
ined. People sometimes see things in 
the windows which they would like to 
buy if the price was right, says Stoves 
and Hardware Reporter, yet they hesi- 
tate to inquire concerning it because of 
a more or less justifiable fear that they 
may be considered of a close or penny- 
paring disposition or as being among 
those buyers who want double value for 
every dollar they spend. 

Oil the other hand, merchants are 
sometimes found who object to making 
public announcements of their prices be- 
cause it savors of the "Cheap John" 
method of doing business. This is not 
a reasonable argument. The best answer 
to be made against it is that people pre- 
fer to be told in advance of the prices 
they are expected to pay. Pleasing a 
customer is of the first consideration and 
if he is satisfied with the price and has 
the money to meet it the first difficulty 
In selling is removed. Besides this he 
will always ask the price before the sale 
is completed and it is just as well to in- 
form him of it in advance. In so doing 
ihe merchant may save considerable time 
and trouble or even consummate a sale 
that might not otherwise have been 
made. 



Washington Cyclists Want a Park. 

Washington, May 28.— Local wheelmen 
are greatly interested in the project ad- 
vocated by government officials to con- 
vert what is known as Potomac park, or 
the reclaimed flats, into a driveway and 
speedway, with attractive walks and cy- 
cle paths. A delegation from the Busi- 
ness Men's association, a powerful organ- 
ization of representative business men, 
recently called on Lieutenant - Colonel 
Allan, U. S. A., chief of engineers, who 
has charge of the matter, and strongly 
urged the carrying out of the plan. It is 
understood that the business men will 
shortly appear before a congressional 
committee and urge upon Congress 
prompt legislation for the appropriation 
of a sum to give the national capital one 
of the most attractive driving and cycling 
parks to be found anywhere. 



Origin of the Word " Trust." 

The word "trust" was not applied to 
capitalistic combinations and monopolies 
until the Standard Oil trust was formed 
on January 2, 1882. By the agreement a 
nuajority of the certificates of stock 
were placed in the hands of trustees, 
who took full charge of all the oil re 
fining corporations, partnerships and in- 
dividual properties which went into the 
trust, according to the Review of Re- 
views. The violent agitation which 
sprung up against trusts in 1887 and 1888 
resulted in investigating committees, 
state and federal anti-trust laws, and in 



slight changes in the forms and names 
of these and other combinations. Since 
then, our greatest combinations are mo- 
nopoly corporations, called companies 
instead of trusts, and are managed by 
directors instead of trustees. These com- 
panies own the plants and are therefore 
much more solid and permanent than 
were the original "trusts," in which only 
a majority of stock certificates of _cer- 
tain concerns was held. The present 
form is also more difficult to reach by 
law. 

Since 1887 the word "trust" has, by 
popular usage, if not by general consent, 
become generic and now covers any 
agreement, pool, combination, or con- 
solidation of two or more naturally com- 
peting concerns which results in a com- 
plete or partial monopoly, in certain ter- 
ritory. It is, perhaps, fortunate that 
there should be a single word by which 
consumers can designate any monopoly 
combination with power to fix prices or 
rates; it may, however, be unfortunate 
that the word "trust," which has so 
many other legal meanings, should have 
been selected for this purpose. 



ASSEMBLERS CUTTING PRICES 



CALCIUM CARBIDE IN EUROPE 



Germany Cannot Produce Enough for Her 
Railroads— Price Almost Prohibitive. 



Although Germany boasts a fairly large 
production of calcium carbide, and does 
a large export business in the article, it 
cannot produce sufficient material for its 
own consumption, so enormously nas the 
use of the gas increased in the German 
empire. At the head of the consumers of 
calcium carbide is the Prussian State rail- 
way, using 3,000 tons per annum, for mix- 
ing acetylene gas with coal gas for illu- 
minating the railway carriages. 

Germany cannot make sufllcient carbide 
for the use of its railways, much less for 
universal use. With the increasing de- 
mand the prices have lately risen to an 
enormous height, which brought the con- 
sumption to a standstill, as the gas is 
only profitable when certain prices are 
not too high. 

Calcium carbide factories depend large- 
ly for cheap working on natural water 
power, and this is only met with in south 
Germany, where the larger factories are 
to be found, though there are a few small- 
er ones in the north. What amount is ac- 
tually produced is a doubtful question. 
The capitalists owning the large German 
factories have also large factories in 
Switzerland, Norway, Bosnia, etc., with a 
larger output than in Germany. The nat- 
ural water power is very cheap in these 
places, but the costs of transport of coke 
to the works and carbide to the proper 
markets are so heavy that the savings on 
power are fully expended on transporta- 
tion. It is, therefore, considered Uetter 
to use dearer power near a consuming 
market than to go for cheap power. 

The conclusion drawn from this is that 
England should produce its own carbide 
for home use. As long as the wholesale 
prices of the calcium reach the enormous 
figure of 5 to 5% cents per pound, it is 
impossible to use the gas with any finan- 
cial advantage. The normal price of 4 
cents per pound is considered fair and 
reasonable for all concerned and ought 
never to be overstepped. Artificial rises 
in prices are disastrous from the point of 
view of the consumer who introduced the 
brilliant light owing to its cheapness. The 
production of carbide must necessarily be 
improved in many ways. 



In the Primary Class. 

Did the alphabetical bicycle trust select 
its initials in order to assure the public 
that it knew only the rudiments of the 
trust business? 



Tendency of Australian Small Builders May 
Increase American Parts Trade. 



A cycle writer in a pertinent article in 
the Melbourne Sportsman dealing with 
the price cutting tactics now becoming 
prevalent among certain sections of the 
Australian trade, says: 

At the prices now being paid it is abso- 
lutely impossible for the colonial manufac- 
turer to turn out a machine of the best 
parts, and well and faithfully built. At £12 
01 £12 10s. a B. S. A. machine leaves the 
maker not a livable profit— that is, of 
course, provided he uses the best parts and 
standard make of tires— Dunlop's, for in- 
stance. The result is inevitable. If this 
excessive cutting-down in prices continues, 
or even if the present price is not increased 
by at least 10 to 15 per cent, manufacturers 
must slum their work, use faulty material, 
or else work as philanthropists without 
profits. This latter alternative is not to be 
expected, therefore it is the bicycle or Its 
parts that must suffer. The colonial built 
machine will soon become unsalable, unless 
the trade takes a proper view of the subject 
and adjusts prices so as to leave a reasonable 
margin for profit. A properly constituted 
organization of the leading manufacturers, 
for mutual trade protection, would soon 
justify its existence, by not only enabling 
local makers to obtain a fairly remunerative 
return for their labor, but it would also have 
the effect of improving the quality of the 
machines manufactured. Unless some move 
in this direction is shortly made, the bicycle 
building interests in this colony will become 
as dead as mutton, simply because nobody 
will risk his limbs on a locally constructed 
machine. 

While excessive price cutting is to be 
deplored for the resultant lowering of 
quality and, from the standpoint of the 
Australian assembler, because it must in 
the end reduce his profits, the writer or 
the foregoing is evidently biased in favor 
of English parts and fittings, and does 
not take sufficient cognizance of the fact 
that thoroughly serviceable and hand- 
some machines can be assembled from 
American parts and fittings and sold 
profitably at prices which would scarcely 
more than pay for the cost of the import- 
ed B. S. A. parts and Dunlop tires. And 
as the Australian public, as well as our 
own here, is constantly seeking service- 
able goods at the lowest possible prices, 
American parts makers should in a few 
years control that market if evei'y one re- 
frains from sending out unreliable stuff. 

Concentrate Your Debts. 

It has always been our opinion, says 
American Investments, that a business 
man should, as far as he possibly can, 
concentrate his debts. 

It is far better to owe two men $1,000 
each than 1,000 men |2 each. Much dis- 
comfort, annoyance, and at times even 
disaster, has been brought about by scat- 
tering too much what one owes. It is 
far from pleasant and comfortable to 
have a dozen debtors hounding you all 
the time for funds and looking up your 
commercial standing to ascertain how 
you stand. 

Better owe one man all you owe and 
keep that man thoroughly posted on your 
condition. All others will then believe 
that as you are asking no credit you are 
in good financial shape. 



A duck which had laid several dozen 
eggs during the season complained that 
while her working record was better than 
the hen's, the latter had books and poems 
written in her honor, while no one had 
a word of praise for the duck, says an 
agricultural exchange. A wise old 
rooster standing by said: "You lay an 
egg and waddle off without saying a 
word, while that sister of mine never 
lays one without letting every one in the 
neighborhood know it. If you want to 
cut any ice around here you must adver- 
tise." 



I 



Supplement to THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW. 




THE B. P. GOODRICH COMPANY 

Akron Rubber Works, 

AKRON, OHIO, U.S.A. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



12i 



INFORMATION FOR BUYERS 



NEVERLEAK FLUID INJECTOR 

Device for Coavenlently Treating Tires With 
I^eak Cure Compound. 



The Buffalo Specialty Mfg. Co., 375 EUicott 
street, Buffalo, which has so successfully in- 
troduced the puncture curing tire fluid 
known as "Neverleak," is now bringing out 
an article which should be appreciated by 
the many repairmen who make a practice of 
injecting such fluid into tires. 

Formerly one of the most disagreeable fea- 
tures connected with the application of tire 
fluid has been the trouble and inconvenience 




;^j: ^y-Ci-f ^^-^ 



of injecting the liquid into the tire by means 
of an ordinary tire or foot pump. The Buf- 
falo company's new specialty comprises a 
special injector for the purpose, intended to 
obviate the old nuisance. 

The injector is shown in the accompanying 
illustration. By using this injector a tire 
can be quickly treated with fluid without 
waste or soiling of hands, pump or floor. It 
also makes impossible wrong gauging of 
quantity. The injector is filled with the fluid 
and the top cap replaced and turned suffi- 
ciently to tighten. The discharge tube is 
then attached to the tire valve stem after 
removing the valve. Next any ordinary foot 
pump is attached to the injector and the 
pumping operation begun. The injector bar- 
rel holds just the proper amount of fluid to 
treat a tire properly and as the pump used 
is never reached by the fluid it is always 
clean and ready for use. 

The whole device is simple and substantial 
and those who have tried it say that it fills 
the bill admirably. The Buffalo Specialty 
Mfg. Co. expects that the introduction of 
this injector will tend to increase the already 
wide sales of Neverleak tire fluid. 



Has Twelve Swaging Machines. 

The Armstrong Machine Works of Three 
Rivers, Mich., states that instead of operat- 
ing six swaging machines, as mentioned re- 
cently in the Cycle Age, it has twelve such 
tools. It has taken the company somewhat 
longer than was anticipated to get into run- 
ning order in its new plant, but when work 
is once actively started the firm will be in 
much better shape than formerly to take 
care of its fast increasing spoke and nipple 
trade, the new quarters being much more 
commodious, lighter and better in every re- 
spect than the old, and enabling the com- 
pany to turn out much better work as well 
as to increase its manufacturing capacity. 



Practical Treatise on Gearing. 

The Brown & Sharpe Mfg. Co. of Provi- 
dence, R. I., has issued the sixth edition of 
its work, "Practical Treatise on Gearing." 
The new book has been recently revised, 
much new matter added and the old changed 
to conform to the methods now in use. A 
chapter on cutting spiral gears in a univer- 
sal milling machine is entirely new and not 
only adds to the completeness of the book 
but presents much of interest just at this 
time when spiral gears are coming more into 
favor among machine builders and users. 
The entire book is made in the same careful 
style which characterizes all of the work of 
the veteran machine firm which publishes it. 

Rtjst Preventive. 

Charles H. Besly & Co., 10 North Canal 
street, Chicago, call special attention to 
their Mannocitin, an absolute rust preventa- 
tive for machinery, engines, tools, guns, cy- 



cles, etc. Mannocitin is composed of greases 
and volatile oils. It is and remains abso- 
lutely neutral, containing no acid. On appli- 
cation the oils evaporate, leaving- an air 
tight fijm or skin, which adheres tightly to 
the metal and permanently prevents rust 
and corrosion. It is a valuable preparation, 
withstanding salt air, salt water, rain, snow, 
dampness, perspiration, steam, gases and 
fumes of acids and ammonia. 



PRATT ROLLER TIRE BRAKE 



Riders Grow Weary of Punctures. 

Robert M. Stuart & Co., agents for the 
Pennsylvania Rubber Co., who recently se- 
cured a new Chicago location at 6S Lake 
street, close to the Lake and State streets 
station of the union elevated loop, are 
making a special feature of the Middletown 
Tough tire. W. H. Friedly, manager of the 
Chicago office, also reports the demand for 
the Stodder Punctureless Pneumatic bicycle, 
carriage and motor tire, as exceeding their 
most sanguine anticipations. They are two 
weeks behind on orders and have had to 
call their men in off the road. Their largest 
orders have come from the south and east 
and the home demand is increasing steadily. 



Around Australia on Dunlops. 

The Dunlop Pneumatic Tire Co. of Aus- 
tralia, Ltd., with offices at Melbourne, 
Sydney, Perth, Brisbane and Christchurch 
(N. Z.), has published in neat booklet form 
a brief account of Arthur Richardson's 
plucky pioneer ride of over 11,000 miles 
around the coast line of Australia. Richard- 
son was mounted on Dunlop tires. 



Sheet Metal Stamping Presses. 

G. A. Crosby & Co., 176 South Clinton 
istreet, Chicago, have issued a circular pre- 
^senting several styles of screw, foot and 
jhand presses for working light sheet metal. 
{The machines shown, however, constitute 
but part of the Crosby Company's product 
as power presses, drop presses and other 
machinery for working sheet metal are 
shown in libeial variety in the firm's com- 
plete catalogue. 

Information for Sellers. 

Walter C. Allen of Davis, Allen & Co., 44 
Stone street. New York, will arrive from 
London on June 4 and will be prepared to 
make arrangements for 1901 business in all 
kinds of bicycles and bicycle accessories for 
export trade. 

P. & A. Lamp Bracket Patent. 

Letters patent granted to C. E. Wirth 
and assigned to the Plume & Atwood Mfg. 
Co. of Waterbury, Conn., were Issued re- 
cently for a lamp bracket adapted for use 
in connection with P. & A. acetylene gas 
lamps. 

New Punctureless Tire. 

The B. & D. Puncture-Proof Tire Co., 134 
Van Buren street, Chicago, has been organ- 
ized for the purpose of introducing the punc- 
tureless bicycle tire shown in the accom- 
panying illustration. The tire is of single- 
tube construction and has a flat corrugated 
tread. Within the tread portion is encased 




/^^Cnri^ £//£'£ 



between double layers of fabric a light 
spring steel ribbon. This steel band entirely 
encircles the tire and of course prevents the 
entrance of any point which would cause 
puncture of the air tube. The maker of the 
tire states that the steel band does not lessen 
the resiliency of the tire but that it rather 
increases its liveliness. The tire is well 
made and of ordinary weight. 



Motion of Tire Assists the Operation of the 
Rubber Braking Shoes. 



A few week.o ago the Cycle Age illustrated 
and described the recently patented roller 
brake now being introduced by the Elastic 
Tip Co., 370 Atlantic avenue, Boston, 36 
Dearborn street, Chicago, or 505 Van Ness 
avenue, San Francisco. The illustration 
herewith shows the general appearance of 
the brake in its perfected form, which is 
slightly different from that shown in the 
original patent specification fmm which the 




The Lee & Porter axle works at Buchanan, 
Mich., have completed an addition to the 
factory to accommodate the bicycle ball- 
bearing department. 



T^/Crzla 



previous illustration in this paper was 
adapted. 

While the Pratt brake is especially well 
adapted for use as a front wheel hand brake 
it may also be applied to the rear wheel, to 
be operated by a back pedaling device. Mr. 
P. W. Pratt, the inventor of the device, 
firmly believes in applying braking force at 
the periphery of the wheel and has enreav- 
ored to obviate the only serious difficulty 
in the way of doing so (friction on tire)) by 
an arrangement of rubber rollers which op- 
erate to retard the revolution of the wheel 
without bringing direct frictional wear upon 
the tread of the tire. The rollers are so 
supported that when they are brought light- 
ly into engagement with the tire the motion 
of the latter tends to aid in drawing them 
toward full braking position. The manual 
effort on the part of the rider is thus fa- 
cilitated automatically by the tire itself. 
Mr. Pratt states that the brake operates 
equally well for stopping a bicycle suddenly, 
as in case of emergency, or for gradually 
checking or controlling its seed. 

Any communications regarding foreign 
patents for this brake for the countries of 
France, England, Germany and Canada, or 
for prices for the United States, will receive 
prompt attention if forwarded to the Elastic 
Tip Co., at any of the above named ad- 
dresses. 

INFORMATION BREVITIES 

W. S. L. Hawkins, formerly cashier of the 
Overman Wheel Co., has purchased all of 
the left over Victor parts and is in a position 
to fill orders for such goods, and do Victor 
repair work. He will continue for some time 
to occupy part of the old Overman factory 
at Chicopee Falls. 

The Climax Manufacturing Co., of 403 
Washington street, Boston, has just In- 
troduced a new coaster brake which has but 
four parts. No adjusting is necessary and 
the friction in braking is applied in line with 
the wheel. Thus there is no lateral pressure 
to throw heavy side strains on the bearings 
of the rear wheel and on the sprocket and 
the brake itself. 

The Homer P. Snyder Co., recently com- 
pleted a shipment of 500 bicycles to Wolver- 
hamton, England. This concern has turned 
out and shipped from its factory in Little 
Falls since December 1, 1899, more than 
12,000 machines. The firm Is compelled to 
work overtime to keep even with its order 
book. 

The Reading Standard Mfg. Co. has 176 
men at work. Said a member of the firm re- 
cently: "The business of our factory con- 
tinues in excellent shape, every department 
being busy. We are shipping more goods 
than ever before, the trade thus far this sea- 
son exceeds the whole of that of last year. 
Our pay-roll every two weeks amounts to 
over 16,000." 



122 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



THE PASTIME AND SPORT 



Running Races Faster Than Ever. 

The speed shown this season by the 
racing men has doubtless caused some 
wonder, for in the handicap races at 
V'ailsburg time has been made in May 
which in former seasons has been con- 
sidered possible only toward the close 
of the season. In the meet at Vailsburg 
on Sunday, May 20, the amateurs rode 
the heats in the two-mile handicap in 
4:27, 4:27 2-5, and 4:32, and Kramer and 
McFarland won the two-mile profes- 
sional handicap from scratch in a dead 
heat in 4:10 2-5, which is surprisingly 
fast, when it is considered that the Vails- 
burg track is slow as compared with 
other tracks. In the heats of the half- 
mile amateur handicap Collett won the 
first from scratch in one minute flat, 
time which is hard to beat by very much 
even later in the season. 

Besides these fast handicap times at 
Vailsburg, record rides have been made 
everywhere this spring. In the amateur 
events at Louisville F. H. Denny of Buf- 
falo won a third-mile from scratch in 
:41 and a half-mile from scratch in 1:01. 
Out in California very early in the sea- 
son Howard Freeman rode a mile handi- 
cap from scratch in 1:57 2-5, the handi- 
cap record. In a half-mile handicap at 
Louisville McFarland and Stevens did 
:59 from scratch. 

From these times it is apparent that 
racing men are traveling faster than 
ever before from the back marks. The 
reasons for this are many, but notable 
among them is the fact that the promi- 
nent men are to-day riding in handicap 
races, where of old they were accus- 
tomed to riding only in the scratch 
events, leaving the second-raters to^ride 
the handicaps. McFarland's success in 
handicap racing last season gave him 
the soubriquet of the Handicap King, 
but there is already a new claimant com- 
ing forward for this honor in the person 
of young Frank Kramer. 

Good Temporary Relief Measure. 

Salt Lake City wheelmen and the city 
fathers are at swords' points just now 
owing to the proposed action of the latter 
to vastly inconvenience all the bicycle 
riders of that city by passing an anti- 
sidewalk riding ordinance because a few 
reckless and inconsiderate riders have 
abused the privilege that has heretofore 
always been tolerated. The streets of the 
Mormon city are in a practically unride- 
able condition all the year around and 
are certainly not one of the municipal 
improvements to which residents direct 
the attention of visitors with the pride 
with which they exhibit the tabernacle, 
the business blocks, the hot springs and 
Salt Lake resorts and the surrounding 
mountain peaks. The streets, in fact, are 
a wilderness of sand, dust, boulders, ruts, 
mud and rubbish, depending largely upon 
the prevailing meteorological conditions. 

There are very nearly 10,000 wheelmen 
in the city, many of whom are tax payers . 
and voters, and they threaten to organ- 
ize and take up the matter in a fighting 
mood if the council goes to the extremity 
of passing a prohibitory ordinance. On 
the principle of the old familiar adage 
that "an, ounce of prevention is worth a 
pound of cure," the wiser plan would 
seem to be to organize before definite ac- 
tion is taken and agitate for milder rem- 
edial measures. The wheelmen have sig- 
nified their willingness to be taxed ?1 
each per annum in order to create a fund 
to be used in the construction of exclus- 
ive cycle paths along the principal thor- 
oughfares and it was the hope of the cy- 



clists that at the next meeting of the 
council (probably held last week) at 
which the matter was to be discussed, 
some such favorable action would be 
taken. 

The plan of building bicycle paths along 
the main streets seems to present the 
best permanent solution of the much agi- 
tated sidewalk riding problem, but, as a 
means of temporarily regulating the mat- 
ter to the satisfaction of the pedestrians 
and without imposing any hardships on 
the bicycle riding portion of the public, 
an excellent plan is to prohibit riding on 
the walks only between certain hours, 
such as between 8 a. m. and 6 p. m., and 
to require lamps and bells on all ma- 
chines used on the walks. This, it will 
be seen, does not interfere with the use 
of their bicycles by workingmen, day la- 
borers, clerks and others who daily ride 
to and from work, which is the class 
most to be considered in these cases, and 
yet prevents irresponsible young fellows 
from riding on the walks during those 
hours of the day when children are going 
to and from school and when the women 
are going to market, calling on neighbors 
or taking a promenade. Such a regula- 
Jton, enforced as well as possible by the 
police, would do much toward removing 
the objectionable features of sidewalk 
riding. 

Road Race to be Single Paced. 

The decision of the French authorities 
prohibiting the employment of automo- 
bile pacing in the Bordeaux-Paris road 
race having raised the question of substi- 
tute pacing, it has been decided, after con- 
sultation with the leading riders wh3 
have entered, to allow none but single 
pacing. Neither tandems nor triplets will 
be permitted to set pace for any contest- 
ant, this decision having been reached in 
order to give all competitors an equal 
chance, as some of them could not afford 
to hire tandem or triplet pacing over 
such a long course. The riders are not 
in favor of altogether eliminating pacing, 
as this would manifestly be to the disad- 
vantage of the leaders, who would neces- 
sarily be delayed in finding their way 
over the course, while those behind, if in 
sight of the leaders, would have only to 
follow them. 

Why Vailsburg Meets Succeed. 

When a promoter is able to draw a 
regular weekly attendance of 5,000 or 
more spectators it is evident that his 
management must be about right. Num- 
erous queries have been sent to the New 
York daily papers of late by promoters 
all over the country asking why the 
meets at Vailsburg are so successful. 
The editors have been unable to explain, 
owing to a lack of knowledge. The rea- 
son for his success lies in the fact that 
Manager Voigt aims to please the people. 
He has an abhorrance of loafing tactics 
and so places no mile races upon his pro- 
gram. During all of last season he ran 
but one mile race for professionals and 
two for amateurs. He wants either a 
short, hotly contested dash or a long, 
hardly fought handicap. His quarter- 
mile and half-mile open races and handi- 
caps, and two-mile and five-mile handi- 
caps are always features. If the prizes 
in the two styles of races are of differ- 
ent amounts or value, the larger prize is 
offered in the handicap, in which the field 
as a rule includes all the starters in the 
race, especially in the five-mile event. 
In the amateur races he follows the same 
rule. 

When putting a special match event 



on his program the arrangement is al- 
ways made with an idea of arousing the 
public interest. His advertising is al- 
ways well done and the press notices 
promise nothing improbable. Window 
lithographs are placed everywhere 
throughout the city and every form of 
judicious advertising is used. No matter 
how successful one meet may be, the 
advertising is not discontinued for the 
next. Announcements of the meets are 
always to be found week after week in 
the same places and people learn to look 
for them. The events are run promptly 
by a regular corps of officials, the stretch 
is kept clear and order is always main- 
tained. Under these conditions thou- 
sands go weekly to see the races, and. 
rain or shine, the stands are filled. 

Germany Likely to Join New Union. 

The hope of Secretary Sturmey of the 
International Cyclists' Association that 
Germany would remain faithful to the 
old international body and turn its back 
on the new International Cyclists' Union 
founded by the French, United States, 
Italian, Swiss and Belgian associations, 
is not to be realized, and the obstinate 
secretary, who somehow always manages 
to be on the wrong side of every contro- 
versy, is doomed to further disappoint- 
ment in all probability. Not only has 
the newly-founded Federation of German 
Velodromes announced its intention of 
joining the U. C. I. but the German Cy- 
clists' Association will deal with the 
question of withdrawing from the 1. C. 
A. at no very distant date. 

The sentiment in Germany regarding 
the matter is that while it is always sad 
to see an institution which has worked 
hard and long for the furtherance of cy- 
cling as a sport deserted by its main 
props, idealism is out of place nowadays 
in racing, which is conducted as a busi- 
ness on strictly businesslike principles, 
and as such requires men of practical 
ideas to guide it. 

Walters and Arend Win in Berlin. 

A. E. Walters, the English stayer, won 
a seventy-five-kilometer paced scratch 
race in Berlin on May 13, finishing two 
laps ahead of Robl in 1:21:31 1-5, with 
Bouhours third three laps to the bad. 
Lesna (who will be remembered for his 
brief visit to this country on his way 
home from Australia three years ago) 
and Koecher, the German, also started in 
the race. Robl led at the start, but was 
passed in the second kilometer by Bou- 
hours. Walters then went into action 
and by the fifth kilometer was in the lead 
and in the tenth kilometer had lapped 
Bouhours. Robl, by fine riding, came to 
the front of the bunch and in the twenti- 
eth kilometer was but twenty yards be- 
hind the Englishman, but the latter in- 
creased his speed and widened the gap, 
while Robl meantime lapped Bouhours. 
From then to the end there was no 
change in their relative positions. 

In a triangular match race W. Arend 
defeated Buchner and SeidI in all three 
heats. Arend also won the tandem race 
with Dirheimer as a mate. 



Harry Elkes is entered against E. Tay- 
lor, A. E. Walters, Bauge and other crack 
European middle distance men, in a two- 
days' race to be run in Paris on June 3 
and 4. The race the first day will be of 
one hour duration and on the second of 
1% hours. The prizes are $400 for first, 
?200 for second, $100 for third, ?60 for 
fourth, and $40 for fifth places. 




L^.>r^ 1 I 







'^^^y_<.. 



CYCLE AGE OFFICE, MAY 31, J900 



''Tht best 
pump in the 
world can 
not lift water 
from a dry 
well^ but 
there is 
water down 
lower and 
a dry time 
is the best 
time to 
dig for 



-Paul Point. 



SPENDING ONE'S INCOME 



What proportion of a man's income 
should he devote to his personal ex- 
penses? The question is practical and 
timely, for during a good year there is 
a temptation to forego the consldartion 
of such questions and to enjoy to the 
utmost the full measure of the year's 
prosperity. Yet the shrewdest and most 
successful business men do consider such 
questions. 

The answer to this practical question 
will depend so much on individual condi- 
tions that it would be folly to lay down 
a hard and fast ratio of expenditure 
compared with the net profits yielded by 
a business. But unless the circumstances 
be exceptional a business man should 
not increase his personal expenses in the 
same proportion that his business gi'ows. 
A merchant whose business yielded him 
four years ago about $600 net a year 
would have been justified by stern neces- 
sities in spending $500, but if in the in- 
tervening years his sales increased so 
as to leave $1,000 clear profit it would 
be neither necessary nor wise on his 
part to spend more than $600 or $700. 

It is by thus taking advantage of the 
better years that many merchants have 
put themselves on a sound financial 
basis and have been enabled to weather 
the fiercest storms of depression that usu- 
ally intervene between the seasons of 
greatest prosperity. 

There is a double reason why one's 
personal expenses should not be unduly 



increased at a time like the present. In 
the first place every merchant should 
make it a point to have his credit in 
the bank or elsewhere a liberal amount- 
say $500 or $1,000 — more than his busi- 
ness really needs, as early as possible, 



Special 
Numbers 



The first issue of the Cycle 
Age in each month hereafter, 
commencing June 6, will con- 
stitute a Special Dealers' Trade 
Number of increased size and 
interest. 

Subscriptions for the . . . 

Twelve 
Numbers 

will be accepted at the rate of 

One Dollar. 



Information for Buyers will 
be one of the prominent fea- 
tures. 

Hints for repairmen, me- 
chanical topics, dealers' doings, 
profuse illustrations and a sum- 
mary of the previous month's 
events will form part of the 
contents. 

The circulation of the June 
6 number will cover 



Every 
Dealer in 
New^ England 



whose name appears on the 
Cycle Age's records, beside the 
regular list. 

For the first of these Special 
Numbers there will be no in- 
crease in advertising rates. 



THE CYCLE AGE 

Monon BIdg. CHICAQO 



that he may be ready for the lean years. 
Besides, it has been found by nearly all 
who have experienced it that one of the 
most difficult things a man ever has to 
do is to retrench, to reduce his personal 
expenditures when trade falls off. This 
has been found especially difficult for 
a man of family, for it is no easy matter 



to explain to them that the sales and 
profits of the business are diminishing 
and to persuade them to live on a more 
moderate basis than they have grown 
accustomed to in the busy years. 

To prevent the necessity of this re- 
trenchment and to put his business on 
a sound basis every business man should 
take from his income for personal ex- 
penses only what he believes to be jus- 
tified by the average year, not what he 
considers justified by the present pros- 
perous year. 



WHO SHALL WRITE THE ADS? 

One of the oldest and most widely 
known advertising experts is reported 
to have declared before a prominent con- 
vention of manufacturers that no one 
could write advertising for those manu- 
facturers as well as they could do it 
themselves, and that he, the expert, could 
not do it as well as they could get it 
done in their own establishments. This 
assertion, which has been variously re- 
ported and discussed in the trade papers, 
has caused no small sensation, for it is 
in effect a contradiction of all that the 
said expert has been printing and doing 
for m.any years past; writes Ziba B. 
Crawford in Accoustics. 

Still another very prominent adver- 
tisement writer announced through the 
advertising periodicals that advertise- 
ment writing cannot be as successfully 
done at long range as in close contact, 
and that, therefore, he has made special 
arrangements for the instruction of 
those who are on the ground and who, 
therefore, are better suited for writing 
advertisements. He argues very justly 
that mere arrangement o f words, rhetor- 
ical flourishes and display type do not 
make up all there is of an advertisement 
and that much depends upon a knowl- 
edge of the goods and of the market in 
which the goods are sold, and the real 
wants of the customers to whom sales 
are to be made. 

Our question is, who shall write the ad- 
vertisements? We are disposed to say 
in reply that the conclusions reached by 
the leaders in the advertising profession 
seem to us to be as nearly correct as any 
answer that can be given to the conun- 
drum at present. Advertisements should 
be written by men thoroughly familiar 
with the business, experimentally ac- 
quainted with the trade addressed and 
well up in the technical terms that are 
employed in describing the goods re- 
ferred to. 

Advertising is an art dependent upon 
a science which is gradually being for- 
mulated. Practice makes perfect and 
experience is absolutely necessary. In- 
telligent co-operation between the spe- 
cialist on the one hand and the local man 
on the other is likely to produce better 
results than ever could be accomplished 
by any system of ready-made advertise- 
ments, or the establishment of great ad- 
vertisement writing mills, warranted to 
produce a salable output, each piece of 
which is suitably labeled and duly trade- ^ 
marked. 



124 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



TWO KILLED ATyWALTHAM 



W. F. Stafford and H. E. Miles Run Off the Track on Motor 
Tandem, Colliding With Poles 



Waltham, Mass., May 30.— W. F. Staf- 
ford of Boston and Harry E. Miles of 
Lynn are dead, one spectator at the Wal- 
tham track, where 15,000 people wit- 
nessed the most terrible accident ever 
known in cycling annals, had his hip 
broken, and still another spectator was 
carried to the Waltham hospital with the 
riders. 

Rttb Tires With Champion. 

The accident happened in the fifth lap 
of the twenty mile motor-paced race, and 
was due probably to careless riding. 
Champion of France was leading the field 
of fnar men, Ryan of Waltham followed, 
then McEachern of Canada and W. C. 
BtinHou of Boston were trailing the line. 
The race was fierce at this point. Stin- 
soii v/as to!lov/ing Miles and Stafford, the 
ill-fated pair, and started up along the 
line just as Champion, according to the 
men following him, rubbed tires. He ran 
over the pole and fell. 

Miles toses Control of Tandem. 

Tlis motor team, Dudley Marks and 
Frank Gatley, ran wide through the im- 
pact with Champion, and the other teams 
— Henshaw and Hedstrom pacing Ryan, 
and Miles and Stafford pacing Stinson— 
wont wider and wider. The outside team 
with but four feet to pass through be- 
came rattled. Miles, an ex-amateur, did 
not hold his wheel to pass through the 
spsce. He lost his balance and the big 
machine went over the top of the bank 
just at the rounding point into the back 
stretch. 

Struck Electric I,ight Poles. 

The immense machine, going at a 1:31 
gaii, struck an electric light pole, knock- 
ing two of the spectators down en route. 
The machine was mangled into scrap 
iron. Stafford struck the post at the base 
of his brain and shot out over the fence. 
Miles struck a post and cut a deep gash 
across his face and broke a lot of bones in 
addition. Both men were unconscious 
when Picked up. 

The Waltham hospital looks down on 
the track from a hill and the ambulance 
was there in a moment to carry away the 
four men. The physicians did all they 
could, but poor Miles passed away just 
after reaching the hospital. His fiancee, 
whom he was to marry within a month, 
went nearly crazy. Stafford lingered un- 
til 10 o'clock. 

Tlie ill-iated team was in the employ of 
Frank Waller, who raced at Baltimore 
today. He left them in charge of Jack 
Sheehan with the admonition to look 
after them, as they might need it. Poor 
Stafford fell in a race at Nashville last 
fall and said then: "I have come through 
the battle of San Juan hill, but I'll get 
killed at this game yet." 

McEachern Wins the Race. 

The race, after the fall, went on, Stin- 
son without pace quitting after a plucky 
fight. Champion finished four laps back 
and McEachern won by a lap and one- 
half over Everitt Ryan. 

The fall scared the motor team out of 
the motor race, and Crooks and Scherer 
won this in world record time, 7:39 4-5. 
The separate miles were in 1:30 3-5, 
1:27 4-5, 1:31 1-5, 1:33 4-5 and 1:35 3-5. 
Callahan and Champion quit and Ruel 
and Kent failed just at the start. 

Farnham and Smith botli fell in the 
five-mile amateur race through rubbing 
tires. John Nelson challenged the win- 



ner of the motor paced race and Hed- 
strom and Henshaw challenged the motor 
winners for big money, two races for the 
future. 

Jimmy Michael made his appearance on 
the track in a five-mile exhibition and 
was cheered in the old-time style. 



STATE CYCLISTS' CONVENTION 



Minnesotans Will Meet at State Fair to Dis- 
cuss Cycle Paths and I>aws. 



Minneapolis, May 28. — Arrangements 
are being made for the holding of a Min- 
neapolis cyclists' convention at the state 
fair here early in September. Members 
of the associated wheelmen of the Twin 
Cities have taken up the idea and ap- 
pointed committees on preliminary ar- 
rangements. Cycle paths will be given 
especial attention, and there will be 
demonstrations of the proper methods of 
building. City Engineer Wilson of St. 
Paul, who is recognized as an expert in 
the matter, will have a gang of workmen 
build a path around the fair grounds dur- 
ing the convention. The matter of legis- 
lation will also be taken up and an at- 
tempt will be made to agree to the draft 
for a comprehensive state law. The legis- 
lature convenes next January, and a state 
cycle path law will be urged. Reports 
from other parts of the state denote great 
interest in the coming convention. 

The Hennepin county commissioners 
have decided to build a path to Bloom- 
ington, twelve miles away. Shakopee, 
thirteen miles further on, has organized a 
cycle path association, and Jordan, which 
is twelve miles beyond Shakopee, is also 
in line, having formed an association 
with the purpose of building to Shako- 
pee, so that a new continuous path of 
thirty-seven miles extending south from 
the Flour City is assured. The credit for 
this largely belongs to C. H. Vanderhoof 
and Paul Gyllstrom. 



SUNDAY AT CHESTER PARK 



Porter Wins 25-Mile Match and Stone and 
Maya Take g-Mile Motocycle Race. 



The leading event at the Chester Park 
track last Sunday was the twenty-five 
mile motor paced match between Charles 
Porter and Reno Runck of Cincinnati. 
It was won by the Detroiter by two laps 
over his opponent in 46:411-5. That 
night Porter left for New Bedford, Mass., 
where he was to meet Harry Gibson and 
Holting in a triangular twenty-five mile 
match. 

A five-mile motor tandem race was also 
contested at Chester Park by Rutz and 
Hausman, last year's amateurs of New 
Haven, A. B. Stone of Denver and Otto 
Maya of Erie, and Al Newhouse of Buf- 
falo and George Pierce of Cincinnati. 
The finish was hotly contested, Rutz and 
Hausman finishing a close second at a 
length back of Stone and Maya, who won 
in 8:25 2-5. 

Omaha Road Race Ends in Dispute. 

The annual road race between Blair 
and Omaha, which was run last Saturday, 
ended in a funny dispute. There were 
fifty-four entries and the contest was ex- 
citing until rain began to fall in torrents. 



The roadway becoming muddy and diffi- 
cult of navigation, Barney Oldfleld took 
to the railroad track, cutting off some of 
the distance of the original twenty-two 
and a half miles, and finished first fifteen 
minutes before F. W. Seeler of Lincoln, 
who was the first of those who stuck to 
the I'oad to cross the tape, having spent 1 
hour 42 minutes on the road. Both he 
and Oldfield claimed the honor of first 
place, and riders and judges retired after 
the conclusion to argue out the matter. 



Princeton Wins Championships. 

Princeton won the intercollegiate cy- 
cling championships at the Woodside 
yesterday. Yale gave Princeton a merry 
chase for first honors, the Tigers finally 
winning out by one point. The day's 
sport was marred by a bad spill in the 
finish of the first heat of the five-mile 
race. As the field was sprinting for the 
tape Levick of Princeton, Hopkins of 
Pennsylvania and Ramsey of Swarthmore 
fell in a collision. Hopkins was badly 
hurt and was sent to the university hos- 
pital. The other two escaped with a few 
bruises. Ripley of Princeton captured the 
mile and half-mile events. Farley, Yale, 
won the quarter. Levick and McClave, 
Princeton, took the one mile tandem. 
Yale won the five-mile heat race. 



Will Present New Sidepath Bill. 

Philadelphia, May 28. — The sidepath 
commissioners of Pennsylvania, in their 
recent convention, which was brought 
about through the efforts of the Pennsyl- 
vania division L. A. W., discussed among 
other things legislation favoring wheel- 
men. The present sidepath measure was 
decided to be defective in many particu- 
lars, and a committee was appointed to 
formulate a new bill to be presented at 
the next session of the legislature. 
Among the features of the new measure 
will be provisions for the building of 
sidepaths in boroughs and cities, and re- 
stricting the use of the paths to those 
who contribute to their construction and 
support. -The next meeting of the com- 
missioners will be held in Erie. 



VanVelsor Wins Irvington-Milborn. 

New York, May 30. — Edgar Van Velsor, 
a red-headed, freckle-faced cyclist from 
Oyster Bay, L. I., won the historic Irving- 
ton-Milburn today. His handicap was six 
minutes and his time for the twenty-five 
miles over a rough and dusty road was 
1:12:06. R. F. Alexander of Hartford won 
the time prize from scratch in 1:10:50. 
This is the fourth consecutive year Alex- 
ander has started either from scratch or 
with a small handicap and won the first 
prize for fast time. 



Schall Takes Chicago JOO-Mtle. 

The Memorial day 100-mile road race of 
the American Century Wheelmen of Chi- 
cago over the Waukegan course brought 
out several new and promising riders. 
George Schall of the American Century 
Wheelmen pulled out the winner's prize 
by riding the course in 6:40:00 from the 
1:45:00 mark. The time prizes went to 
the following: George Carlson, 1:45:00, 
first, time 5:56:00 1-5; George Harbert, 
scratch, second, time 6:03:30; Harry 
Cooper, 45:00, third, time 6:05:04 1-5. 



Poorman Race Run Through Mud. 

Cincinnati, O., May 30. — The Poorman 
road race from Hamilton to Chester 
park, a distance of seventeen miles 
was run today in the rain. There were 
twenty-seven starters. When the riders 
reached Chester park they were coated 
with mud. Otto C. Voories of Harshman- 
ville, O., won. Sam Dubois of Ports- 
mouth, O., a scratch man, was second, 
and also won the time prize. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



125 



GOOD RACING IN AUSTRALIA 



W. C. JACKSON WINS $1000 DRUIDS' 
WHBEi; RACE AND A CHAMPIONSHIP 



Walne Captures Mile Australasian Cbatn- 

plonsliip and I>ewis Takes a 

$1000 Handicap. 



Sydney, N. S. W., April 25— The Druids 
Sports committee had, through stress of 
weather, to postpone their big cycle race 
meeting for a day, consequently upsetting 
their program, but despite inclement 
weather a fair attendance was drawn to 
the Melbourne Exhibition building on 
Easter Monday and Tuesday to see the 
cracks race for the rich prize money 
offered by the Druids' committee. The 
two most important events decided were 
the Druids wheel race ($1,000) and the 
one-mile Australasian championship. 

The former afforded W. C. Jackson a 
good opportunity of showing his ability 
as a handicap rider. Starting from 
scratch and splendidly paced by the back 
division, consisting of Beauchamp, 
Wilksch, Lewis, A. Middleton, and Teb- 
butt, Jackson won the big event by a 
dozen lengths in the good time of 4:19, 
Wilksch (20 yards) and Beauchamp 
(scratch) filling second and third places. 
This is the first time that this rich event 
has been won from the scratch mark. 

Jackson Falls in Championship. 

The one-mile Australasian champion- 
ship, the blue ribbon of Australasian cy- 
cling, attracted the best riders in the 
colonics and promised to provide a battle 
royal between Walne, Jackson and Gor- 
don, but unfortunately Jackson fell short- 
ly after the start. The finish of the race 
was therefore left to Walne and "Darky" 
Gordon, the former showing the most 
dash in the last half lap, winning by a 
length. G. Morgan finished third a couple 
of lengths further back. Walne showed 
a return of his old form, and it is evi- 
dent that he is regaining his old time 
confidence. Since his disqualification in 
December last he has ridden in a half- 
hearted manner, but his riding in the 
championship showed that he is again 
the Walne of old. This is the third time 
that this event has been captured by 
Walne. 

The three-mile motor tournament had 
to be postponed, owing to the wet state 
of the track. 

Opening Meet at New Track. 

The South Australian League held a 
big meet March 24 to 31 to celebrate the 
opening of a new track. The meet re- 
turned a profit of $1,100. The principal 
events were the five-mile Australasian 
championship, which was annexed by two 
lengths by W. C. Jackson from Walne 
and Aunger; the two-mile wheel race for 
rich prizes, which L. M. Jackson (80 
yards) won from W. C. Jackson (scratch). 
The latter was badly "bored" or he would 
have won. He protested, but his protest 
was dismissed. G. R. Morgan won the 
motor paced tournament from F. Hunt, 
and W. C. Jackson the mile scratch. 

Eight Hours Wheel Race. 

Good racing was provided at the Mel- 
bourne Exhibition last Saturday after- 
noon and night, April 21, when a good 
program was successfully carried out by 
the Eight Hours committee. Most inter- 
est centered in the heats and final of the 
Eight Hours Wheel race ($1,000), which 
resulted in another victory for the back- 
markers, R. W. Lewis (scratch) winning 
by half a length from W. McDonald (20 
yards) in the good time of 4:16 for the 
two miles. 

The one-mile Victorian championship 
proved a great surprise, Frank Beau- 
champ winning from S. Gordon, who was 
considered such a certainty that odds of 



four to one were bet on him. W. C. Jack- 
son was unable to start in this event, 
owing to his having fallen in one of the 
heats of the wheel race, sustaining a frac- 
tured collar bone, which will thus pre- 
vent this popular rider from appearing on 
the track for six weeks to come. 

The five-mile scratch race was annexed 
by George R. Morgan from Walne and L. 
M. Jackson. 

"Darky" Gordon May Visit America. 

Rumors have been current in Melbourne 
during the past few days to the effect that 
S. Gordon, the well known Victorian col- 
ored cyclist, had fixed up arrangements 
with E. C. Stearns & Co. to visit the 
United States and ride a Stearns machine 
next season. Upon inquiry it is found 
that there are grounds for the report, and 
that it is more than likely the popular 
darky will shortly pay a visit to the 
States. Misfortune seems to follow Gor- 
don in all championship events. Includ- 
ing his second to F. Beauchamp in the 
Victorian mile championship last Satur- 
day, he has now run second in five cham- 
pionships. 

Walne Wins Victorian Championship. 

The ten-mile championship of Victoria 
was run at Bendigo on April 18 and re- 
sulted in a win for R. Walne, with R. 
Lewis second and F. Beauchamp third. 

There are many indications that the 
Victorian League of Wheelmen is in for 
a bad time, unregistered race meetings 
now being promoted and successfully run 
by rival factors in Victoria. There can 
be no doubt that the present organization 
has outlived its usefulness, and the soon- 
er something is done to establish the 
league on a real live basis, the better. 

"Bill" Martin Coming Home. 

"Plugger Bill" Martin, who is at pres- 
ent in West Australia, has announced his 
intention of returning to America at an 
early date. He will return to Australia 
again in time for the next Austral meet- 
ing. According to a list compiled by the 
Australian Cyclist, Martin has had par- 
ticularly good innings on the track during 
the past five years. The following is the 
list of his successes: 

Tear. Firsts. Seconds. Thirds. 

1895 84 20 14 

1896 51 10 5 

1897 IG 13 8 

1898 23 11 8 

1899 47 20 2 

Allowance has to be made for time lost 
in traveling in 1897 and 1898. The full 
totals are 221 first prizes, 74 second prizes 
and 37 third prizes. The above are ex- 
clusive of heat and match winnings. 

"Bobby" Walne, Australia's one - mile 
and ten-mile professional champion for 
this season, is anxious to visit Paris and 
compete in the world's championships. 
He recently cabled home to two of the 
largest English cycle manufacturers in 
reference to a retainer for riding one of 
their machines during his proposed visit, 
and in event of a satisfactory reply will 
proceed to England at an early date. 



KRAMER CONTINUES TO WIN 



AI,I, SPRINT CRACKS BUT BAI,D, KISER 
AND TAYtOR COMPETE 



Twin Cities' Opening Sunday Meet. 

St. Paul, May 28.— The first race meet 
of the season, and the first sanctioned 
Sunday race, was given by the recently 
organized "Twin City Bicycle Racing 
League at Lexington Park yesterday. The 
attendance was fair, and the general re- 
sults satisfactory. Prizes were awarded 
on the percentage plan, and as racing has 
been dead here for a long time, the riders 
realized more than they had expected. 
The races were held in connection with 
the Twin City league base ball games. 
Einar Lee won the two-mile professional 
handicap from 100 yards in 4:. 51 4-5, with 
.Toe Buhman (200) second. A. W. Callan- 
dar (100) third, and J. J. Schwartz (125) 
fourth. The three-mile amateur handicap 
went to S. A. Laborre (100) in 7:44. 



"Mac" Runs Away With Scratch Race While 

Bunch Watches Stevens-Kramer 

Takes the Handicap. 



New York, May 27. — Earl Kiser, who 
sat in the stand and looked on; Major 
Taylor, who, it is expected, will be re- 
instated tonight, and Eddie Bald, were 
the only top-notch cracks of America's 
sprinters absent from the Vailsburg arena 
this afternoon. The rest of the bunch 
put up a merry tussle among themselves 
in the presence of the usual large crowd. 

Cooper failed to qualify for the final of 
the half-mile, through getting in a bad 
pocket, and Stevens had to win the extra 
heat to get in. McFarland proved the 
winner. The Californian got out ahead 
and the rest of the bunch watched 
"Stevie" until "Mac" could not be caught. 
Stevens was second and Downing third. 
Kramer could get no better than fourth. 

Scratch Men Have Long Chase. 

The five-mile professional handicap was 
a magnificent chase for the scratch men, 
who failed to close with the leaders until 
the end of the fourth mile. McFarland 
did most of the pulling, and when he 
reached the stretch he was tired. It was 
really too warm for Cooper, considering 
the amount of pacing he did. Kramer 
had no difficulty in winning in the final 
sprint, with Downing (100) second and 
Walthour (100) third. McFarland just 
managed to- save fourth money. The 
time was very fast — 11:14 3-5. 

The Amateur Events. 

Although Jacobson and Schreiber, the 
scratch men in the amateur two-mile tan- 
dem handicap, qualified in their trial heat, 
they could not reach the long markers in 
the final through the refusal of Rodgers 
and Cromwell at 60 yards to change pace 
with them. Krebs and Dobbins (140) 
won in 3:58 1-5, with Brown and Roberts 
(220) second and Reuther and Satchell 
(180) third. 

Collett finished second in the half-mile 
handicap, which was won by Adametz 
(40) in 1:012-5, with Schreiber (20) third 
and Billington (30) third. 

Cooper and Kramer are matched at 
mile heats for June 10 and Kiser and 
Eaton for the following Sunday. 



NELSON DEFEATS GIBSON 



Wins Hour Match by Three Miles In Mon- 
treal—Walkover for Miller and Judge. 



The opening of the Queen's Park track 
in Montreal for the season last Friday 
was marked by the first really creditable 
victory of John Nelson since his debut in 
the professional ranks this spring. Five 
thousand spectators saw him administer 
a crushing defeat to Harry Giljson, of 
Cincinnati, in their one-hour motocycle 
paced match race for a purse of $600. 
Gibson was lapped in the sixth mile and 
Nelson continued to increase his lead and 
to lap his opponent until he finished the 
race and won with a lead of three miles. 
It was on this same track last August 
that the Chicago ex-amateur of last year, 
by having the only motor pace in the 100- 
kilometer amateur championship race at 
the international meet, gained the title of 
world's champion at that distance. Dur- 
ing the hour Nelson covered 32 miles 1,677 
yards. 

He was paced throughout by Miller and 
Judge, who won the subsequent fifteen- 
mile motor tandem race in a walkover. 



126 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



ELKES' DEFEAT OF TAYLOR 



How American Hour Champion Evened Up 

an Old Score in Paris — The 

Better Man. 



The detailed account of the first meet- 
ing of Harry Bikes with Edouard Taylor 
in Paris, which occurred on May 13, have 
just arrived by mail. The story of the 
race is most interesting and certainly the 
fine showing made by Elkes leaves the 
Americans much of which to be proud. A 
crowd of nearly 14,000 persons thronged 
the grand stand and every inch of advan- 
tageous standing room at the Prince track 
an hour before the start of the race. The 
American colony was well represented, a 
large corner of the stand being filled with 
Americans who gave the home champion 
all the encouragement he could desire by 
cheering and urging him to his best ef- 
forts. Not since the ever memorable 
days of the unapproached Zimmerman 
has there been so much interest in a 
match and discussion of the relative mer- 
its of two contestants in the French rac- 
ing quarters. A vote taken just be- 
fore the race showed twenty-one leading 
European racing men who thought Elkes 
would win and twenty-two who favored 
Taylor. 

Tempest Blew Throughout. 

Owing to the fact that Elkes' motor 
tricycles were not ready for use, it had 
been stipulated that motor tandems were 
to be used for pacing both contestants. 
Taylor had provided himself with three, 
but by some unfortunate stupidity of the 
operators two of them were rendered 
temporarily useless during the prelimi- 
nary warming up spins around the track. 
Other machines were substituted, but 
were not so satisfactory to Taylor. 
Throughout the race a tempest blew, 
which, together with the fact that tan- 
dems instead of tricycles were used, ac- 
counts for the fact that only 34 miles 800 
yards were covered, as against 38 miles 
1,255 yards made by Taylor in competi- 
tion on April 29. 

Pace Hot From the Start. 

Elkes took the lead at the start, catch- 
ing his tandem first. The pace Immedi- 
ately became very hot and the cheering 
of the friends of both riders commenced. 
Both men had many admirers, and so 
were constantly encouraged to their best 
efforts. At the sixth kilometer Elkes' 
tandem made a jump and he gained about 
twenty meters' lead, but Taylor made 
this up in the next half lap and closed 
with Elkes just as the latter lost his 
pacemakers, having become momentarily 
exhausted from following the too sudden 
jump. This gave Taylor his opportunity 
to pass, and amid thunders of applause 
he gained a lead of ten, then twenty, 
thirty, forty and even nearly fifty yards. 
But Elkes had been resting meantime 
while he was riding easier and now bent 
down over his bars and steadily, to the 
utmost enthusiasm of his sympathizers, 
regained yard after yard. 

dkes' Pluck Pleases Frenchmen. 

It was in this that the American made 
his greatest hit by showing that he was 
a real sportsman and, in the vernacular 
of the day, was "game." After four laps 
of fine effort he again picked up his rival, 
but his pacemakers again made a mistake 
by trying almost without a rest to pass 
the Frenchman. This they did, followed 
by Elkes, but they had not been leading 
for more than ten seconds before Tay- 
lor's tandem jumped them at full speed 
and gained nearly 150 meters. Again the 
plucky American "humped himself" in 
an effort that left the French spectators 
silent in admiration. For more than six 
miles Harry followed his tandem with 
his eyes glued to its rear wheel, never 



raising his head once nor appearing to 
see or hear anything. With a fine regu- 
lation of his speed he steadily reduced 
the lead of his opponent at every lap. By 
these tactics he once more had Taylor's 
rear wheel just closing the nineteenth 
kilometer, and for three laps followed in 
that position. Then, to the utmost sur- 
prise of the spectators, the majority of 
whom never dreamed that he would have 
the nerve to do it, he passed his rival for 
the second time, while the crowd yelled 
as few crowds have yelled before at this 
famous track. Taylor held Elkes off for 
a lap and a quarter, but after that the 
American took the pole in the lead and 
in less than three minutes thereafter had 
lapped the Frenchman, who seemed al- 
most dazed. 

American Meets the Only Accident. 

At this juncture, when the race seemed 
all but won to the American, the appar- 
ently inevitable accident occurred. Short- 
ly after thirty kilometers (about twenty 
miles) had been covered, Elkes' front 
tire went down and he had to stop to 
change to another mount, which was 
handed to him by Arthur Ross. 

This misfortune to the American 
opened up new hope for Taylor, and, put- 
ting forth fresh effort, he passed him and 
by the time Elkes was again going at full 
speed the French hour champion was but 
half a lap to the bad. 

Final Struggle 'Was Intense. 

During the last fifteen kilometers the 
struggle for the supremacy was intense. 
For a time Taylor went at terrific speed 
and slowly reduced his disadvantage to 
about 250 yards. It was evident that both 
men were tired, but of the two Elkes was 
going the better. This was best shown 
during the fiftieth kilometer, when Tay- 
lor, though only 150 meters behind, could 
not make any further gain, but on the 
contrary Elkes began riding stronger and 
in the last few laps began increasing his 
lead again, finally winning by 250 yards, 
having covered 34 miles 800 yards in the 
hour. 

The result of the match was posted in 
many of the large Parisian cafes and was 
everywhere commented upon, so that 
Elkes became a favorite for the return 
match at fifty miles in Antwerp on the 
20th, which he lost through a fall, as 
briefly reported last week. 

Breyer Compares the Rivals. 
As summed up by Victor Breyer, a 
thoroughly posted racing critic on Le 
Velo, the disadvantages on both sides 
were about equal, Elkes losing a lap on 
account of the flattening of his tire and 
Taylor being handicapped by having to 
follow borrowed tandems which were not 
so nicely regulated as to speed as were 
his own; though Taylor has a smooth ac- 
tion in pedaling, Elkes is quick and espe- 
cially possesses that dogged determina- 
tion which constitutes the principal qual- 
ity essential for a stayer; though several 
times left behind by his tandems, he con- 
tinued to ride as hard as ever, almost 
without raising his head, keeping at his 
work with admirable courage; ten times 
was he left behind thus without losing 
more than fifty yards, whereas Taylor, 
who is easily discouraged, was left be- 
hind once, and in this single case lost 
more than a lap. With everything said, 
Breyer touts Elkes as a champion with 
whom the best men of Europe will have 
to count. 

Country Newspaper Journalism. 

(From Paris (111.) Gazette.) 
James F. Brown, a twenty-three-year- 
old resident of Westfield, Clark county, 
made application at the county clerk's 
office last Wednesday for a license to 
marry Mrs. Janie Wyson, 36, of Paris. 
The groom told the license clerk that he 
had road over on a bicycle from Clark 
county to claim his bride and now that 
he had got her anybody could have the 
wheel. 



TAYLOR TO BE REINSTATED 



Must Pay $J00 Fine and Make Good $400 

Loss, as Unanimously Decided 

on by A. R. C. U. 



Newark, May 28.— Major Taylor will be 
reinstated by the N. C. A. upon payment 
of a fine of ?100 to the American Racing 
Cyclists' Union and of J400 additional for 
which he is held responsible to the union, 
or for ?500 in all. This amount he will 
pay. 

The executive committee of the A. R. 
C. U. met late this afternoon to consider 
the case of Taylor, who has been under 
life suspension to the organization and 
therefore unable to register with the Na- 
tional Cycling Association, and who had 
made formal application for a reconsid- 
eration of his case. There were present 
at this meeting Earl H. Riser of Dayton, 
president; Tom Cooper of Detroit, first 
vice-president and treasurer; Orlando 
Stevens of Ottumwa, la., second vice- 
president; Howard Freeman of Portland, 
Ore., recording secretary; F. Ed. Spooner 
of New York, corresponding secretary; 
John T. Fisher of Chicago and Jay Eaton 
of Elizabeth. Two members. Otto Maya 
of Erie, Pa., and Owen Kimble of Louis- 
ville, were absent. 

In the Interest of Good Sport. 

The committee, upon meeting, got right 
down to business, and the action as above 
outlined was unanimous. The committee 
felt that for the good of the sport and for 
good sportsmanship, if for nothing else, 
the colored rider should be reinstated. 
His suspension was placed on him for his 
desertion of his fellows at Cape Girardeau 
in the fall of '98, at a time when his sup- 
port was most needed to quickly end the 
racing troubles just begun. His presence 
with the L. A. W. last season prolonged 
the fight. These points were considered, 
but the vote was unanimous for the fine 
and the additional ?400 which goes into 
the treasury of the organization and not 
into the pockets of the men who were the 
losers through having to settle their 
purses for fifty cents on the dollar, or 
$400 instead of $800, as offered, the $400 
having been subscribed by colored resi- 
dents at the Cape, who refused to make 
good when Taylor disappeared. 

Brings Assurance of More Meets. 

The union has assurance of numerous 
meets now which were not possible before 
with Taylor out, and his presence in the 
championship contest will add very mate- 
rially to the already keen interest felt in 
it this season. It is quite probable that 
Taylor will ride at Vailsburg on Wednes- 
day against all the stars in the sprinting 
ranks, as he has been quietly training of 
late. 

Banker in Poor Form at Nantes. 

Many prominent riders competed for 
the grand prize of Nantes (France) on 
Sunday, May 13. Grogna, Jacquelin, Lou- 
vet, Domain, Vanoni and Deleu won the 
heats and Banker, Rollin and Longe won 
the qualifying consolation heats. Jacque- 
lin took the first semi-final by half a 
wheel from Domain, while Banker gave 
up before the finish. Louvet defeated 
Grogna in the second semi-final. In the 
final Jacquelin made his jump at the 250 
meters mark and had four lengths to his 
advantage before the others were aware 
that he had started. He won with two 
lengths over Grogna, while Domain had 
a close finish with Louvet for third place. 

A second scratch race was won by De- 
leu, with Rollin second and Banker third. 

Banker's only win of the day was in 
the tandem race, in which he and Jacque- 
lin won their heat. The final, however, 
was won by Domain and Deleu, with 
Vanoni and Louvet second. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



127 



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Vol. IL 



CHICAGO, MAY 31, J900 



No. 12. 



THE LEADING CONTENTS 



RECORD DISTANCE FOR AN ELEC- 
TRIC.^Paris correspondence in which 
is recorded the feat of a French vehicle, 
carrying two persons, which covered a 
distance of no less than 262 kilometers 
(162% miles), at an average speed of 
sixteen kilometers (ten miles) an hour, 
on one charge of the batteries, over 
roads that varied from level and 
smooth to hilly and rough. This per- 
formance is the best well authenticated 
record for electric vehicles and note- 
worthy as showing the possibilities in 
the way of future electric vehicles. The 
important details as to the weight and 
construction of batteries is given, to- 
gether with initial and final voltage, 
amperes consumed at various stages of 
the journey, etc. 

DEDUCTIONS FROM THE 1,000-MILES 
TRIAL.— Extracts from the English 
motor-vehicle journals in regard to the 
conclusions to be drawn from the com- 
pleted performance of the more than 
fifty vehicles which completed the ar- 
duous journey, with a report on the 
only American built vehicle in the trial. 
The importance of this remarkable trial 
seems to have escaped the editors of 
American motor-vehicle papers, other 
than the Motor Age. The present arti- 
cle is illustrated with a view of the 
competing vehicles drawn up in line at 
the conclusion of the trial. 

FROM THE FOUR WINDS— News of the 
motor-vehicle world gathered from 
many sources and embracing all that is 
of interest. 

ATTITUDE OF THE DAILY PRESS.— 
Excerpts from some of the leading daily 
papers in various parts of the country 
showing the reception that is accorded 
to the motor-vehicle at the hands of 
daily newspaper men. Strangely al- 



most every one of the papers quoted 
likens the motor-vehicle to the bicycle 
in its early days. As a whole the pa- 
pers show a disposition to be fair and 
liberal in their printed views. 

ELECTRIC CO.'S CONDITION.— A New 
, York financial authority's opinions on 

the financial condition of the mammoth 

concern. 

CARE OF SPARK-COIL BATTERIES.— 
An important contribution on the sub- 
ject of the use and care of secondary 
batteries as used in electrically ignited 
gasoline engines used in motor-vehicles. 

TO AND FROM EDITOR AND READER. 
^Interesting letters from readers of 
the Motor Age, together with the an- 
swers of the editor to the questions 
propounded. One correspondent, a doc- 
tor, wishes to purchase a vehicle for 
use in all extremes of weather and on 
the worst of roads, and asks the editor's 
advice, which is given. Another wants 
to know .a simple way of constructing 
a carbureter and how to figure the 
horsepower for gasoline engines, and 
also receives answers. 

AUTOMOBILE NOTES FROM GER- 
MANY. — Correspondence from the spe- 
cial representative of the Motor Age at 
eBrlin. 

CAMPING A LA AUTOMOBILE.— An in- 
teresting llustrated story of Multi- 
Millionaire Fiske's train of motor-ve- 
hicles, in which he and his family go 
camping in as much comfort as if they 
were able to transport their home at 
will by the aid of a magic wand. 

NEWS OF THE MOTOR INDUSTRY.— 
An illustrated history of the week 
among the manufacturers of motor-ve- 
hicles and motor-vehicle parts and ac- 
cessories. 



'* To and From Mditor and Reader '^ is a department 
of the Motor Age which has already been worth many times the 
subscription price to its readers. It may be to you. 

''News of the Motor Industry'' is a department, 
which, if read regularly, will keep you posted on the state of the 
business and on the places where you can get parts and acces- 
sories to the best advantage. At the present time it is possible 
for anyone to make motocycles. Keep up to the times. It costs 

Only $2^ a Year 



128 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



NEWS IN BRIEF. 

Fred Voigt did not secure the management 
of Manhattan Beach track. The owners 
placed too many restrictions on the contract. 
It Is said that Jim Kennedy will give a num- 
ber of meets there. 

Chairman Prank P. Van Valkenburg, of 
the transportation committee, will soon be in 
position to announce the rates over the vari- 
ous trunk lines and steamer routes running 
into Milwaukee for the L. A. W. meet to be 
held in that city July 10 to 15. 

Young Walter Smith of the Kings County 
Wheelmen, New York, the sixteen-year-old 
pace follower, will try for the amateur paced 
records at Berkeley Oval on June 11. Smith, 
who is being trained for the events, held the 
amateur mile record last season. 

By a careful survey of the exposition build- 
ing in which the races are to be run at the 
national meet in Milwaukee, it has been 
found that the structure will accommodate 
a nine-lap track instead of the ten-lap affair 
it was at first intended to build. 

The Bavarian railway authorities are run- 
ning special cars for the conveyance of 
cycles. These cars are next to the baggage 
vans. Their appearance has been hailed with 
delight by all cyclists, as such an innovation 
means an enormous stride in the right di- 
rection. 

Burns W. Pierce has signed a contract 
with the Fall River track and will make his 
home there in the future. He will meet all 
comers and is provided with two motor tan- 
dems. He anticipates no difficulty in dis- 
posing of Joe Downey, as he beat him by 
three miles in a race at Crescent Park last 
August. 

The Century Road Club is arranging for a 
big century run on the day prior to the open- 
ing of theL. A. W. meet at Milwaukee, July 
10. The plan is to have all those who have 
any intention of attending the meet from the 
east and south meet at Chicago and those 
from the west and northwest meet at Minne- 
apolis and St. Paul. Milwaukee riders in 
force will meet the St. Paul-Minneapolis 
party at Watertown and the Chicago con- 
tingent at Waukegan, these two towns being 
midway points on the two best century 
routes out of Milwaukee. The pace of both 



parties will be so regulataed as to bring 
them to Milwaukee at the same hour. 

Rochester is to be in the field again with 
cycle races, the Rochester Athletic Club 
having about concluded arrangements to 
have the home stretch of Culver Park track 
rebuilt. About fifty feet had been removed. 

Peter J. Berlo is building a four-horse- 
power motor tandem which he thinks will 
be just the proper thing for speed. It will 
probably make its first appearance on the 
Brockton track Maf 31. The machine is 
overhanging, weighs about 300 pounds and is 
about the length of a quad. 

A team match race between Eaton and 
Kramer and Freeman and Downing will take 
place at Vailsburg on June 3. Three heats 
will be run of the sprint order, the team- 
mates being allowed ' to work together. 
Points will be scored, five, three, two and 
one and the greatest number of points won 
will win the contest. 

J. Frank Starbuck is at Philadelphia, anx- 
ious and willing to meet any one of the pace 
followers in match races. Starbuck has been 
training at his home in Marion, Iowa, and 
says he feels just as good as he looks. It is 
his wish to first meet Jimmy Michael, whom 
he was the only rider to defeat in '97 in the 
fourteen races which Michael rode. 

The Michigan division of the League of 
American Wheelmen recently defeated an 
attempt to license bicycles in Detroit. It 
was proposed class legislation as other ve- 
hicles were not included. As the suggested 
license was $1, the division saved the cost 
of a year's dues to every wheelman in the 
city. It would have been carried without a 
strong organization to oppose it. How many 
wheelmen in Detroit thoug-ht of that fea- 
ture? 

The American Waltham Watch Co. owns 
one of the largest factories in New England. 
"Throughout this factory the interest in cycle 
racing is considerable and when the Wal- 
tham Cycle Club proposed its meet for Deco- 
ration day, the watch company offered to 
give Waltham watches to the value of $250 
for the amateur prizes. The company takes 
the utmost interest in the little city, main- 
taining a band during the season which 
plays at the races and in the parks, which 



the company also maintains at its own ex- 
pense. "The officials of the company always 
snap up the choicest box seats at each meet. 

McFarland declined a proposition to ride at 
Manhattan Beach July 4 unless the purse 
was made $1,000 for the contest. It is said 
that efforts will be made to bring McFarland 
and Michael together on that holiday at the 
beach. This will be the "long and short 
man" of cycling, as McFarland is fourteen 
inches taller than Michael and ninety pounds 
heavier. 

Miss Marguerite Gast of New York yearns 
for the long distance honors possessed by 
Mrs. Jane Lindsay, and beginning July 4 
she will start a thousand-mile ride on the 
Valley Steam traingular course. Ten con- 
secutive centuries is a task two centuries in 
excess of that accomplished by Mrs. Lind- 
say, who asserts that she will outdo what- 
ever distance is traveled by the newcomer. 

Baltimore has secured Charlie Turville and 
John Zimmerman with their motor tandem 
for a steady engagement at the Colisseum 
track. Turville and Zimmerman will meet 
all comers in motor and motor paced races 
and already have arranged matches of both 
characters with Frank Waller. This is not 
the only instance in which riders have been 
engaged for a steady run of engagements, 
as Fall River has men under contract for 
whom paace will be supplied and on whom 
it may call at any time to meet any rider 
the management may name. 



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THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



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THE COLUMBIA MFG. CO. 

NILBS. OHIO 




ARMSTRONG 
FITTINGS 



T 
O 
O 

L 
S 
...For Singles, Ttndems, Trlplatt and Quads... 

ARMSTRONG BROS. TOOL CO. 

104 W. Washlngrton Street 

Write for 1900 Catalog. CHICAQO. ILL. 



130 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



THE 

6^3 tire mm 

In the race for popu- 
larity the G & J Tire 
has won. Its general 
reliability and the ease 
with which It may be 
handled and repaired 
have made it a "hot 
favorite" and have 
given it : : : : : 

Chousands of firsts 

among enthusiastic 
cyclists. : : : : : 

G 6 J TIRE CO. 

INDIANAPOLIS 



ripi r BICYCLES 

F Km MM I F show a distinction in 
■■■■ ^" ■■ ^ design and a perfection in 
detail vforkmanship not found in other makes. 

The Eagle Bicycle Mfg. Co. Torrington, conn 

. . . THE . . . 

SOLAR LAMP 

The lamp that made Acetylene gas 
famous. 

THE BADGER BRASS MFG. CO., Kenosha, Wis. 




BANNER 

GAS 

LAMP 



For 

1900 

is worth 

more than the price 

asked. Correspond at 

once with 

PI^TTMB & ATWOOD 

MPO. CO 

New York and Chicago. 



New Departure 
Coaster Brake. 



Absolutely free In 

every position, 

but mechanism in 

gear at all times. 

Trade supplied by 



JOHN H. ORAHAM & COMPANY, 

113 Chambers Street - - New York, N. Y. 

JOBBERS . . . 

Send for Electro and pflce 

"SOLE CLAMP TOE CUP" 

Price, Sl.GO per doz. pairs 
Jobbers' quotations upon application. 

C. J. DOWNINQ, Sole Selling Agent, 

10 Barclay St., NEW YORK CITY. 

Cycle Age repair book, $2; to subscrib- 
ers, $1. 

Write for sample copy of the Motor 
Age. 



ALLEN'S DIGEST 



OF 



AUTOMOBILE 
PATENTS ^ ^ 



Contains all the United States Patents granted on Caniages propelled by 

ELECTRICITY, GAS AND GASOLINE, 
STEAM AND OTHER POWERS 



from 1789 to July 1, 1899, including the Entire OflScial Class of Traction Engines for the 

same period. Compiled and arranged by James T. Allen, 

Examiner, U. S. Patent Office. 

IN ONE LARGE VOLUME, BOUND IN FULL SHEEP, 
PRICE $25.00. .^ .^ TO SUBSCRIBERS OF WEELLY 
ELECTRICAL AND AUTOMOBILE PATENTS, $20.00 



^^HIS volume will contain the reproductions of all the drawings of all patents on Motor Vehicles up 
\^ to July 1, 1899, from which date the weekly U. S. Electrical and Automobile Patents includes 
them. Not only will every drawing be given, but the nature of the invention, essentials of the 
specification, the claims in full and a complete index, giving the List of all References Cited when 
the patents were pending as applications. Interferences, parties to them and Decisions, so that 
a complete knowledge of this rapidly developing art can be secured. 

A general index will enable the subscriber to turn at once to any patent he desires. 

The size of the pages will be the same as those of the Electrical Weekly or the weekly issues of 
United States Patents. It will be a digest of about 1,000 patents, including reissues, trade-marks and 
designs, and the whole will be a volume ot about 800 pages. Those desiring the work should subscribe 
at once as the first copies ready will be sent to previous subscribers. 

U. S. Electrical and Automobile Patents.— Published weekly, compiled by James T. Allen, con. 
tains all patents for Electrical and Automobile devices as issued. Subscriptions may be made to date 
from July 1, 1899, thus giving the owner of Allen's Digest of Automobile Patents every patent issued 
up to date, and kept up to date. Subscription $10 per year, in advance (twenty cents a week). 

The two make an absolutely complete patent history of the Motor Vehicle Industry. Together, $30. 



Remit by Check or Money-Order to 

. . . THE MOTOR AGE . . . 

324 DEARBORN ST., CHICAGO 



ATLANTIC TUBING 

FOR BICYCLES AND AUTOMOBILES 



CHICAGO: 36 La Salle St. 
NEW YORK. 



ATLANTIC TUBE CO. 

1209 Park BIdg., PITTSBURG, PA. 



THE MOTOR AGE-$2 A YEAR-SEND FOR SAMPLE COPY. Jo^.^%^« 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



131 



The RACYCLE 

THE PERFECT WHEEL. 

Seven models, with a range of prices to suit all 
purses. Write us. 

THE MIAMI CYCLE ». MFG. CO., 

MicUlletowu, Ohio. 




Wolff^American Bicycles 

In every part the product of our steel works. 
Always advertised and sold as MACHINERY. 

THEY SELL AND STAY SOLD 

How about your town ? Send for sample Salamander 

tube. R. H. WOLFF & CO.. Ltd., 

Il6th, Il7tta, llSth Sts. and Harlem River, - NEW YORK 



^TisFAcTORr AcETVLEiYE Lamp 

MAJESTIC 




EDWMILLER&CQ 
MERIDEW, 



BICYCLES 

Are the 

best in the 

world 

for the money 



BIRD 

W. R. ROLLINS MFG. CO., ■ Harvard, Ills. 

THE 0. K. LAMP 

The best Acetylene lamp on the market. 
Our prices are right. 

THE SEAL LOCK CO., '" ^cVW." '''• 



the best equipped 
Bicycle Supply House 



IN THE WORLD 

I 89 UUEST LAKE STREET, CHICAGO 



COMPLETE STOCK 

SUNDRIES= 

HARTLEY &. GRAHAM 

Manufacturers, Jobbers and Exporter* 

313-316 BROADWAY - NEW YORK 

Rend for catalofrue 



:;rr"" screw machine work 
'" AUTOMOBILES - Ses 



REED i CURTIS MACHINE SCREW CO. 



CREAM CITY CAN WORKS 

HANGER AND HUB GUPS, 
Head Fittings, RearSprocket Blanks 

FOR MANUFACTURERS. 

MILWAUKEE. - - - WIS. 



An Unintended Testimonial. 

An unintentional testimony (and all 
the more strong because unintentional) 
to the real value of the publicity which a 
trade journal gives a manufacturer, re- 
cently came to our notice, says the Car- 
riage Monthly. A manufacturing com- 
pany wrote to the proprietors of a jour- 
nal published in the interests of that in- 
dustry, that they did not thinlv an adver- 
tisement in a trade journal was as valu- 
able as some other kinds of advertising, 
and, therefore, did not use the journal. 

The singular thing about it was that 
en the reverse side of the same sheet of 
paper, the company in question took 
considerable pains to write out the de- 
tails of their business, showing how 
much more they were doing than last 
year, and on what specialties they were 
running, together with other particulars 
which they desired made public through 
the reading pages of the very journal 
whose value they had questioned. It is 
probable that, in the rush of business, 
the representative of the company who 
wrote the note did not realize that he 
was actually contradicting on one side 
of the sheet of the paper what he admit- 
ted on the other. 

What is an advertisement for, anyhow? 
Is it not to acquaint the public with the 
fact that one is in business and has cer- 
tain things for sale? And does not the 
announcement of the fact that other peo- 
ple are using his products largely serve 
to convey to the public the impression 
that they are desirable things to be used? 
The fact is, trade journals are becoming 
more and more indispensable, as every 
wide-awake manufacturer knows and as 
most of them admit. 



Readers Can Benefit Themselves. 

Did it ever occur' to you, as you read 
your copy, that the advertisers in it are 
entitled to a very large share of credit 
for the excellence of the paper? asks an 
exchange. If it were not for the adver- 
tising patronage, it would be impossible 
to furnish you with the puuiication for 
less than $10 or $15 a year. The makers 
and jobbers do not advertise from purely 
philanthropic motives. They are busi- 
ness men and patronize these columns on 
business principles. The better returns 
they receive for their advertisements 
the more liberal is their patronage, 
and naturally the better is the journal, 
since, as advertising patronage in- 
creases, the publisher can afford to im- 
prove the publication. The advertiser and 
the reader are therefore mutually benefi- 
cial. The reader, however, does not fully 
appreciate that it is of interest to the ad- 
vertiser to know the full value of his ad- 
vertisement, and that when he writes for 
prices, specifications, etc., he can assist 
him by mentioning that his attention was 
attracted by the advertisement. 



Manners That Win Trade, 

A pleasant, cordial, attentive, but still 
unobtrusive manner makes and holds 
trade, says an exchange. No matter what 
the transaction, it does not take any 
more time to be amiable than to be crus- 
ty. Do not be too familiar, as that leads 
to lack of respect. 

Be especially reverent in your treat- 
ment of the customer of slender purse. 
A multi-millionaire requires only one- 
tenth the respect due to the man or wo- 
man who is bound by the law of neces- 
sity to buy within a fixed limit. A readi- 
ness to show goods within limit and a 
tactful avoidance of anything to wound 
or make forced economy conspicuous, 
meets with instant appreciation, while 
attempts to force the sale of goods "just 
a trifle" above the price named by them 
is resented and remembered. 



INDIANA CHAIN 



COnPANY 



NOT IN ANY TRUST 



INDIANAPOLIS, INO. 



Buy chains from a Chain Factory, 
We make Cycle Chains Exclusively 
and can give you the best. . . . 
Over a million in use. 

Write for Prices and Samples. 




Send 26c. for 1900 Fob. 



SOUDAN 



BICYCLES 



Five Models, 
$25 and up. 

One and Two Piece Crank, 

Write for Quotations... 

Eastern Office: 71 Reade St., New York. 

Factory: SOUDAN MFG. CO., Elkhart, Ind. 

Goodyear Tires 

ARBTHBLBADBRS,HHHQ^ 0. 

The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. 



ELEeXRO 

OAS LAMP. 

The lamp of the v'ar. Many new feslures. S«,60. 
Write for prices. 

£I,£CTItO X,AMF CO., 43 Broadway, ». T. 



A MERICA'S MOST POPULAR RAILROA D 
PERFECT PASSENGER SERVICE BETWEEN 



JIltonRR- 



CHICAGOand KANSAS CITY, 

CHICAGOand ST, LOUIS, 

CHICAGO AND PEORIA, 

ST. LOUIS andKANSAS CITY. 



Through Pullman service between Chicago and 



HOT SPRINGS. Ark.. DENVER.CoIO.. 

TEXAS. FLORIDA. UTAH. 

CALIFORNIA and OREGON. 



If you are contemplating a trip, any portion of 
wblcD can be made over the Chicago & Alton, It will 

{)ay you to write to the undersigned for maps, pampb- 
etB. rates, time tables, etc. 

JAMES CHARLTON, 

QeoeraJ Paeaenger and Ticket Agent. 

'IBiCAOO. ILUMOU. 



Hail us your Subscription. 



132 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



HOT ™ COLD ROLLED STEEL STRIPS 

We are prepared to furnish mill shipments promptly and at prices 
which will interest you. Send specifications for our quotations. 

...GEO. NASH & CO... 



NEW YORK OFFICE: 

IS Piatt Street 



CHICAQO OFFICE: 

24 South Clinton St. 



We Have the Best Proposition... 



in America for Dealers. We have made great preparations for 



1900 Bu 



, and for THE FIRST TIME 'offer our line 



...Direct from Our Factory to Dealers 

VE ISSUE THE FOLLOWING CATALOGS. COSTING US MANY THOUSAND DOLLARS TO 
PUBLISH, WHICH WE WILL BE PLEASED TO SEND TO ANY DEALER ON REQUEST: 



BICYCLES— A most complete line 
of the very highest grade bicyctej 
made. . List from $35 to $50. Our 
Clark model with guaranteed tires 
and Fauber pat. 1-picce hanger Com- 
plete, for $13.45. 

5eWlNG MACHINES— A big line, 
including our North American Ma- 
cbioc, in polished oak. with latest 
drop head cabmet. A $65.00 ma- 
chine in every detail for $15.00. 

Wc have a most 
part for every Bi 



AUTOMOBILE AND AUTO PARTS 

— An iptcrestmg list— with the Amer- 
ican Pneumatic T.red Gasoline Run- 
About for $425,00. •Also complete 
parts, including running gear, motor, 
rims, spokes, hubs, tires, etc.. etc., 
from which a beautiful Auto-Ran- 
About can be built for less than $350. 

Guns. Ammuoitlon and Shooters' 
Accessories — A full and complete 
catalog of over 70 pages. 

Qrapbophonc5 and Qraphophone 
RecordA — J25 pages. This line is 
very full and complete 

Complete Stock of Repairs and can st 

icycle and Sewing Machine ever mant 



BICYCLE SUNDRIES— 100 paget. 
Illustrated, most complete, sundry 
catalog issued. Prices lower than 
any other concern on earth. Our 
American Special guaranteed tires a 
feature, at $2.95 per pair. 

SPORTING GOODS — Under this 
head we supply, in addition to a 
regular line of sporting goods, police, 
military, band, base ball and gym- 
nasium uniforms. We lead the world 
on this line. 

ipply nearly any 
factured. . . . 



■pBpBPMrpc fGar4et CHy Buklit ft Trut C«- 
rr PERMissiOH ■•»*' ^'■•' c««»My'» tank 

BT I'KKWlliblUrt. ^ g„^,^. N,U»Ml Bilk 



NORTH AMERICAN ARMS CO. 

North Am. Bldg., Oor. Harrison & Olark Sts., Chicago 



Star Foot Power Lathes 



9 and 11-lneh Swing- 

24, 86, 48 and 80 Inohas 

batwaan aantara. 

Complete Screw Cutting, Bu- 
Cine loathes, with Automatic 
Cross Peed, with or without 
Compound Rest, Friction 
Countershaft, etc., for Bicycle 
and Blectrlcal Work, Tool 
Makers and Otinstnltlis.Tech- 
Blcal Schools and Pine Accu- 
rate Machine Shop Service. 

Send for Catalogue B. 

Seneca Falls Mf§:. Co. 

4M Water St, SENECA PALLS. 
N. Y.. U. S. A. 




National Baptist Anniversaries 

DETROIT, MICH., MAY 23=29 

HOW TO GET THERE. 

Those who expect to attend this meeting should know 
that the Wabash is the short line from Chicago to Detroit 
with three daily trains, leaving Chicago at 12:02 noon, 3:15 
p. m. and 11:00 p. m. It is the only line east of Chicago 
operating free reclining chair cars. These popular cars will 
be found on all trains. Compartment sleepers on Night 
Express. Rate from Chicago $9.75 for the round trip. 
Write for time-tables and full information. Wabash City 
Ticket Office, 97 Adams Street, Chicago. 



BIG FOUR ROUTE 



CHICAGO TO 

INDIANAPOLIS LOUISVILLE 



CINCINNATI 



The South and Southeast Scenic Line to Washing- 
ton, D. C, via Chesapeake & Ohio Ry. 



W. J. LYNCH, a. P. S T. A., Cincinnati, 0. W. P. OEPPE, A. 0. P. « T. A. 

J. C. TUCKER, a. N. A., 234 Clark Straat, CHICAGO 



The New Line to the Fox Lake Country. 

"T^HE Chicago, Milwaukee & St. 
^ Paul Railway will establish 
Passenger train service on its new 
line to the Fox Lake Country on 
May 27th, on and after which date 
trains will leave Chicago for Gray's 
Lake, Long Lake, Fox Lake and 
Nippersink at 8:30 a.m. daily, 1:30 
p.m. except Sunday, 3:10 p.m. daily, 
and 5:20 p.m. except Sunday. Re- 
turning trains will leave Nippersink 
at 7:15 a.m. except Sunday, 7:20 a. 
m. daily, 1:00 p.m. except Sunday, 
7:30 p.m. except Sunday, and Sun- 
days only at 8:30 p.m. 

A special Fox Lake train will leave 
Chicago Saturday, May 26th, at 1:30 
p.m. 

Parlor cars from Chicago at 5:20 
p.m. and from Nippersink 7:15 a.m. 

For tickets, time tables and furth- 
er information apply at 95 Adams 
St. or Union Passenger Station, Ca- 
nal, Adams and Madison Sts. 




Well-informed travelers ^ 
going to ^ 

JJFOBHU! 

who appreciate the best of X 
everything, always travel by ^ 

THc Overland Limited I 

Because the equipment con- ^ 

slating of modern double ^ 

Drawing-Room Sleeping ♦ 

Cars, Buffet -Smoking and ♦ 

Library Cars with Barber, ♦ 

Dining Cars In which meals Y 

are served a la carte, and ^ 

Tourist Sleeping Cars pro- a 
vide every comfort for all 
classes of passengers. Train 
leaves Chicago at 6.30 p. m. 

EVERY DAY IN THE YEAR 

THE PACIFIC EXPRESS 
LEAVES AT IO.30 P.M. 

TICKET OFFICE, No. 193 CLARK ST. 

Chicago & North-Western Ry. 

Passenger Station, corner Wells and Imiie Streets. 
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 



MDNON ROUTE 



THE DIRECT LINE TO 




4 TRAINS DAILY. 

Only line to West Baden 
and French Liok Springs 

..BICYCLES CHECKED FREE. 



Fbanx J. Rbbd. 

8. p. A. OKioAea 



OTTT TioKBT Orno» 

38Q Ol.*«« f»T 




UEk 




Vol. XXV— No. 6. 



CHICAGO, JUNE 7, 1900. 



New Series No. 133. 



LIKE AMERICAN FRAME SETS 

Our Parts Meet With Success in Australia, 

Where Assembled Machines Make 

Good Showing. 



Sydney, N. S. W., May 9. — A meeting 
has been held in South Australia for the 
paipose or forming an association for 
mutual interest and self-protection of the 
cycle traders. The principal traders of 
Adelaide attended. R. Davis was appoint- 
ed honorary secretary of the new associa- 
tion and a committee was elected to build 
it up on a strong foundation. There has 
been much price cutting in Adelaide of 
late and several of the agents are feeling 
the effects of it acutely. 

I. Phlzackerley, one of the most promi- 
nent Sydney cycle traders, who has now 
been assembling bicycles from Englis!i 
parts for years, has begun to give Ameri- 
can parts a show, and is just now exhib- 
iting a machine built from American 
parts. It is fitted with an American 
coaster brake and Sanger handle bars. 
The machine is wholly and solely Amer- 
ican with the exception of the tires, and 
is a much better looking machine than 
Phlzackerley ever built up from English 
parts. The Sanger bars have been favor- 
ably commented upon. He is selling this 
machine without coaster brake for $60. 

Good Record for Assembled Uachlnes. 

That Australian assembled machines 
are as fast as the imported article is 
proved by the way they have won big 
events this season. Walne won two out 
of the three Australian championships 
and the ten-mile Victorian championship, 
while Shrimpton has won several Victo- 
rian amateur championships, on a Kellow. 
The great A. N. A. wheel race run in 
January was won on a Davis-Franklin. 
Hosts of other important events have 
fallen to riders of the Australian assem- 
bled machine. To show that it is also a 
machine that will stand a lot of knocking 
about, it need only be mentioned that 
Donald McKay, one of the overlanders, 
rode a Dux on his ride around Australia, 
and his machine came through the ordeal 
a great deal better than the imported 
machines ridden by the White brothers, 
who accompanied McKay on his ride. 

J. McBride has succeeded A. S. Patter- 
son as the Australasian njnnager of the 
Massey-Harris Co., Limited. C. Neunhof- 
fer is now the Victorian manager. 

Stirrup Toe Clips Now Popular. 

Steel toe clips have now been almost 
totally discarded. The latest and most 
popular style of clip is a leather band af- 
fixed to the pedals and fitting across the 
rider's instep. They are now in almost 
universal use. 

The Acme Cycle Co. of Melbourne is 
selling Springfield and Fauber sets to as- 
semblers. The sets contain everything 
but rims and tires. 

S. Cohen, Sons & Co. of Melbourne are 
doing excellent business with their Amer- 
ican sets, which include everything com- 
plete, except rims, tires, saddle, and three 
pieces of main tubing. Prices for these 
various sets range from $15 to $18. 



A bicycle auction mart has been estab- 
lished in Melbourne. It is to be confined 
solely to the selling of bicycles and cycle 
sundries and accessories. The project has 
been taken up by one of the reputable 
Melbourne auctioneering firms and is 
quite a new departure so far as the Mel- 
bourne cycle trade is concerned. It is 
proposed to hold sales every Tuesday and 
Friday. Each sale is to be an unreserved 
one and every article will be knocked 
down to the highest bidder. When this 
auction mart is properly established it 
will play right into the hands of those 
firms which desire to auction off ma- 
chines and yet do not wish their names 
to appear in public. It is therefore an- 
ticipated that the project will meet with 
success. It is likely to do the trade in 
Melbourne much harm, as many are cer- 
tain to be disposed of at every auction 
sale, and with sales being held twice a 
week and machines being knocked down 
at any price, a great number of riders 
who would have bought machines at an 
agency and paid their $100 and more for 
them will purchase at auction for any- 
where from $20 to $50. It is very rarely 
that machines realize more than the lat- 
ter price at auction. 

Victorian Dealers Get Freight Reduction. 

The Victorian Cycle Board of Trade 
waited on the Victorian railway commis- 
sioner early in April and pointed out to 
him the injustice of charging 50 per cent 
extra for the carriage on the railways of 
bicycles, tires, parts and sundries, on the 
ground that they were fragile goods. The 
commissioner promised a reduction in the 
rates at an early date and he asked the 
deputation to forward him a letter con- 
taining suggestions as to the rates they 
wished adopted, and this has been done. 

At a meeting of the Victorian Cycle 
Board of Trade on April 30 it was re- 
solved that in future members of the 
board should discontinue employing rac- 
ing men to ride their machines. This is 
the result of the crooked practices of the 
riders on the track. 

The Sydney dealers who do not handle 
free wheels get very wroth with the 
press for booming this invention, know- 
ing that by this booming their opponents 
are being advertised. 



RECEIVER FOR BULLIS CO. 



Bicycle Step Infringement Suit Heard. 

The Torkelson bicycle step patent 
claim is brought to the notice of the 
trade once more through the hearing of 
arguments before .Judge Lowell in the 
United States circuit court in Boston last 
Thursday in the infringement suit 
brought by Theodore A. Dodge against 
the Lamb Mfg. Co. of Chicopee Falls and 
others. The action was brought for an 
accounting and an injunction to restrain 
the defendants, makers of the Spalding 
and other bicycles, from the alleged in- 
fringement of patent No. 426,402, granted 
to J. B. McCune and J. L. Yost, assignees 
of the inventor, R. T. Torkelson, on July 
26, 1890, which is now owned by Colonel 
Dodge. Tlie alleged infringement is on 
the claim for the mounting step. Pish, 
Richardson & Storrow appeared for the 
plaintiff and Russell Bradford for the de- 
fendants. A decision in the case was re- 
served by the court. 



Affairs of Chainlcss Ball Gear Makers to be 

Wound Up by Request of Directors 

— Financial Condition. 



A receiver was appointed last Tuesday 
for the Bullis Ball Gear Co. of Rochester, 
upon a petition of a majority of the 
stockholders heard by Justice Dunwell. 

The petition for dissolution was made 
by Walter A. Parce, Thomas J. Swanton, 
William A. Williamson, George D. Wil- 
cox, Fred C. Bullis and William H. Wil- 
liamson, who comprise a majority of the 
board of directors. Silas A. Servis was 
made temporary receiver for the corpo- 
ration. The court enjoined all creditors 
from bringing any action against the 
concern, and the receiver has advertised 
to sell at public auction on June 15, to 
the highest bidder, "all the machinery, 
tools, merchandise on hand, both manu- 
factured and in process of manlfacture, 
all raw stock, all patterns, drawings, 
shop and office fixtures, belting, shaft- 
ing, all letters patent and applications 
therefor, belonging to the Bullis Gear 
Co., in and to all machines and appli- 
ances purchased by it on contracts of 
conditional sale." 

Protect Stockholders and Creditors. 
In their petition the directors state 
that they "have discovered that the stock, 
effects and other property of the corpo- 
ration are not sufTicient to pay all just 
demands, for which it is liable as they 
become due, or to afford a reasonable 
security to those who may deal with it, 
and that they deem it beneficial to the in- 
terests of the stockholders and persons 
interested that the corporation be dis- 
solved." Furthermore, that large esti- 
mates have been withdrawn by their cus- 
tomers and orders canceled recently, and 
that at a special meeting of the stock- 
holders, they refused to respond to a call 
for additional funds, necessary to provide 
for pressing outstanding indebtedness. 
They declare also that the corporation is 
unable to borrow money to take care of 
its present obligations. 

Ifiabilities Amount to $56,000. 

The schedule of assets fixes the value 
of the letters patent at $80,000, the value 
of the special tools on hand at $17,564.65 
and the total stock $16,384. The liabili- 
ties named foot up to $56,019.97, includ- 
ing amount due employes, $313.82; bills 
payable for merchandise, advertising and 
machinery aggregate about $10,500. There 
is due for borrowed money about $31,000, 
and on demand loans about $9,000 more. 

The Bullis Ball Gear Co. was formed 
about four years ago. It was incorporat- 
ed with a capital stock of $75,000, which 
in June, 1899, was increased to $250,000. 
Stock amounting to 1,112 shares was 
sold, the shares being at the par value 
of $100 each, and the resulting sum has 
been fully paid in. The company had 
headquarters in the Aqueduct building. 
Rochester, and manufactured and sold 
the Bullis chainless driving gear for bi- 
cycles, and many successful appliances 
besides, during its career. 



134 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



WENT ACOURTING TOO LATE 



After Ignoring Jobbers During Winter the 
A. B. C. Now Seeks Them Only 
to be Turned Away. 



The hardware dealers and jobbers long 
ago became so iiHportant a factor in the 
distribution oJ: bicycles, ecpecially those 
of medium grade, that makers of ma- 
chines of that class now never think of 
disputing the prominent place they oc- 
cupy in the industry. A gentleman who 
is at the head of one of the largest of 
the trust factories once remarked that 
they were a cIpss of people whom he al- 
ways damned when money was plentiful 
and courted when he foimd himself over- 
loaded or in need of cash. The bicycle 
industry has been troubled with so many 
people of the same class that jobbers 
have been able to secure abundant sup- 
plies almost at their own figures. 
Independents Secured Bulk of Business. 

During the early part of the present 
season it seemed that the American Bicy- 
cle Co. was making little effort to secjire 
much of the jobbing trade, and indepen- 
dent makers of medium and low grade 
machines congratulated themselves on 
the supposition that an important part of 
their competition had been removed. It 
really did appear that the trust was mak- 
ing an effort to secure business at re- 
spectable prices. 

This policy was not destined to endure, 
probably because the independent mak- 
ers despite threats and largely because of 
the formation of the C. T. P. A., secured 
the bulk of the business. Then the trust 
realized that it had overestimated its own 
importance and went after the jobbers in 
earnest, but without meeting as much en- 
couragement as was expected. 

The Hardware Trade, one of the jour- 
nals devoted to the industry, has this to 
say on the subject: 

A. B. C. Seeks to Unload. 

Some time since the jobbers were ap- 
proached by a representative of the Ameri- 
can Bicycle Co. and asked to purchase 
wheels at a certain figure. The jobbers ap- 
proached were already well stocked and did 
not feel that it would be a good business 
move to throw these wheels on the market 
in competition with those they already had. 
They suggested that the A. B. C. should 
wait until later in the season. Instead of 
acting on this suggestion, the American Bi- 
cycle Co. put salesmen in the field, it is 
stated, and is offering these wheels to retail- 
ers at about the same figure that they were 
offered to the jobbers. The competition from 
this source has not amounted to very much, 
and jobbers are not making complaint on 
that score, but it is the principle of this new 
move to which they make their strongest 
objections. 

Not Selling Up to Output. 

Independent factories are still backward 
about filling orders, indicating that they are 
doing a big business. Local jobbers report 
that it requires about four weeks after 
specifications are mailed before the arrival 
of the order. They base their orders on this 
length of time and by ordering ahead keep 
sufficient stock on hand. The American 
Bicycle Co. is very prompt in its shipments, 
giving them immediate attention, indicating 
that they have sufficient supplies manufac- 
tured in advance and are not selling up to 
their output, for this is the season of the 
year when demand nearly equals the num- 
ber manufactured, if any season does. 



Transfer Operations to Brantford. 

The Canada Cycle & Motor Co. of To- 
ronto has made arrangements with the 
city of Brantford to continue the manu- 
facture of the chainless bicycles former- 
ly made in the Welland Vale plant, which 
was recently destroyed in a disastrous 
fire at St. Catherines, henceforth in the 
Brantford factory of the company. This 
means that the St. Catherines factory 



will not be rebuilt and that all the bicy- 
cles and tools formerly made there will 
be made in Brantford, which, General 
Manager Shenstone explained, will not 
require any considerable addition to the 
plant nor to the force of employes, but 
will give the latter work throughout the 
year. The city agrees to exempt the en- 
terprise from taxation for an additional 
seven years, beginning at the expiration 
of the ten years' exemption now run- 
ning, which will be in about three years 
from now. 

UNSETTLED 'WEATHER BLAMED 



AT THE PARIS EXPOSITION 



Columbus Dealers, Disappointed by Trade to 
Date, Turn Attention to Other I^ines. 



Columbus, O.. June 4. — The unsettled 
state of the weather this spring has great- 
ly retarded the bicycle business here, but 
the few good days we have had have been 
lively ones. As a rule dealers are disap- 
pointed in the trade to date, although 
there are a few who have done fairly 
well. Most of those dealers who remain 
in the field next season in this city will 
combine some other line with their bicy- 
cle business. 

The Columbus Bicycle & Typewriter 
Co., which was incorporated last spring 
to take over the cycle business of another 
concern that branched out in another 
line, is preparing to go out of the cycle 
trade now and will turn its attention to 
another field. The business has not been 
up to the expectations of the manager, 
and the stock is being closed out at re- 
duced prices. When rid of the bicycles 
the company will take charge of the sales 
of the Rem-Sho typewriter in Ohio and 
will put in a line of motor vehicles, both 
electric and gasoline. No permanent ar- 
rangements for this latter line have as 
yet been made, however. 

Some of the people of Columbus are 
pushing the suits to test the constitution- 
ality of the vehicle tax bill. A few days 
ago Judge Badger granted to the plain- 
tiffs in the suit of Sutermaster vs. Cott, 
director of public accounts, an injunc- 
tion to prevent defendant from collecting 
the tax on bicycles owned by them. A 
decision in the matter will likely be given 
soon. There is also a suit in the supreme 
court to decide the same point. It was 
filed by M. J. Daniels, a pawnbroker. 
This same bill places a heavy tax on 
pawnbrokers and those engaged in some 
other lines of business. 



Oliver and Straus Confess Bankruptcy. 

Edwin Oliver and Alexander Straus. 
who composed the firms of Edwin Oliver 
& Co., the Cycle Manufacturers' Supply 
Co., and Oliver, Straus & Co., dealers in 
bicycle supplies, formerly at 23 Park 
Row, have filed a petition in bankruptcy, 
with firm liabilities of $100,473 and no 
assets. Of the liabilities there are se- 
cured $4,260; unsecured, $54,463; contin- 
gent, $41,750 as indorsers on notes of 
various persons, of which amount $28,730 
has been transferred to the Pynchon Na- 
tional bank of Springfield. Mass. The 
largest creditor is the Newton Rubber 
Works of Boston. $17,507. Mr. Oliver has 
individual liabilities of $3,498. Oliver, 
Straus & Co. made an assignment on May 
7, 1897. 

Pi'tsburg Fire Causes No Loss. 

The wholesale and retail bicycle and 
sundries establishment of the Theo. F. 
Bentel Co., in Pittsburg, was scorched by 
fire a fortnight ago. but was not injured 
except by smoke and some water. While 
the blaze caused considerable excitement 
and looked serious at the time, the com- 
pany was doing business as usual the 
next morning, not having suffered an 
hour's interruption, as the fire occurred 
at 8; 30 the previous evening. The com- 
pany was fully protected by insurance. 



United States and Germany Foremost in Sun- 
dries Display— Little New in 
Bicycle Section. 



To hold an exhibition only for the 
pleasure of other people, without intend- 
ing either to improve the mind of those 
visiting it or to gain a trade benefit, is a 
thing not to be commended, and a 
world's show such as the Paris exhibi- 
tion is surely not organized for such a 
purpose, but will this great show educate 
people and realize benefits for the ex- 
hibitors, as far as cycles and motors are 
concerned? is the question propounded 
by the Cycle Trader. 

To be quite clear, we will divide this 
section into two subdivisions. (1) cy- 
cles, frames, and raw materials, and (2) 
accessories, tools and implements. As 
the development of the first subdivision 
has reached a point of uniformity which 
can hardly advance, it is impossible that 
either exhibitor or visitor should de- 
rive any special benefit from the exhib- 
its which could not have been achieved 
by other and less expensive means. The 
brazing of frames and such operations 
are guided very much by personal opin- 
ion and experience and to hope to find 
a, uniform system is quite unreasonable. 
Exhibitions are not arranged to prove 
what the world knows already, but to 
show progress, which in this instance 
does not sufficiently warrant the outlay 
of time and money. 

Many Novelties in Tools and Fittings. 

Accessories, tools and implements have 
a greater claim to be seen and compared 
as comparison, odious as it may seem, 
is here at least profitable. The most 
stolid visitor to the Paris show will find 
in this subdivision a number of novel- 
ties which surpass all expectations. 
Many large buyers of first-class houses 
will find novelties even unknown to 
them. Everyone will be able to revel 
and delight in new patterns of lamps, 
saddles, handle bars, cyclometers, 
watches, and all those little necessaries 
that go to make up a perfect cycle. 
The study of the rapid progress in this 
direction leads one to marvel at the in- 
genuity of men and the abundance of 
inventive skill employed in the cycle 
trade. Free wheels and a large number 
of different brakes are on view, but the 
number is not so large as one might ex- 
pect. It seems as if the continent is 
opiiised to the free wheel. Hardly any 
machines arriving from Germany, Aus- 
tria and France are fitted with the free 
wheel device. The reason for this wait- 
ing attitude with regard to free wheels 
is not quite apparent. One manufacturer 
remarks that he would not allow his 
riders to risk their lives on his account 
and he only fits free wheels when asked 
particularly to do so. 

England left Far Behind. 

Germany's and America's exhibition of 
cycle parts, accessories and tools are 
smart and up to date, easily taking first 
rank. British manufacturers seem to be 
occupied with other things at present, 
and it leads one to wonder what this 
occupation can be. In no engineering 
section connected with cycles can any- 
thing be found showing traces of a new 
devrlopment in a different direction. 

The first place among all the exhibits 
at Paris must be given to the automo- 
bile, the motor carriage, the self-pro- 
pelled vehicle. Nothing can compare 
with it in popularity, and no one coming 
to see and Jearn does not admire the 
rapid progress made in this direction. 
Ten years ago it was unknown and now 
it is the foremost of all exhibits. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



13S 



READY TO TALK SIDELINES 



ITNSBTTI^BD WBATHBR AND STRIKES 
HTTRT CI,BVBI/AND TRADB 



Dealers Considering I,ines for Fall and 

Winter— Repair Business Flourishing 

—Find Assembling Unprofitable. 



Cleveland, June 4.— The retail trade in 
this city is still holding up fairly well 
considering the cold and unsettled 
weather. The fact that the demand for 
bicycles depends very largely on the 
weather conditions was never more clear- 
ly demonstrated than has been the case 
in this city this spring. The few warm 
days have brought out purchasers in 
numbers to suit the most enterprising 
dealer, but during the cold, wet weather 
which has predominated the demand has 
amounted to almost nil. 

While the chief complaint of the deal- 
ers has been against the weather, a num- 
ber of dealers are satisfied that the con- 
stant labor troubles which have agitated 
the workingmen here during the past 
few months have seriously interfered 
with trade. One or two of the largest 
dealers do not hold this opinion but in 
view of the unquestioned fact that other 
business of all kinds has suffered, it 
seems hardly reasonable to believe that 
the bicycle business has been so fortunate 
as to escape. 

Trade Holds About Normal. 

Making due allowance for the effect of 
the weather and the strike, some careful 
observers of the bicycle trade are in- 
clined to think that the demand for bicy- 
cles is otherwise normal and that the de- 
cline should by no means be attributed to 
a falling off in interest among riders. 

The lack of business is causing a cut- 
ting down of expenses all along the re- 
tail line and there are indications that 
several concerns are already preparing 
to close out for the season. Klein & Hef- 
felman of Canton, O., who hired a fine 
Euclid avenue store and undertook to 
dispose of a stock of several hundred 
Deuber bicycles at $25 each, have already 
done so. The business of the concern 
was practically killed from the start by 
the 'other dealers, who made capital of 
the probability that the establishment 
would be retained for only a few months 
until the stock could be cleared out. This 
report had the desired result, as Cleve- 
landers have had previous experience 
with clearance sales of cheap bicycles by 
transients. 

Veterans Still Confident. 

Manufacturers of good sidelines which 
could be handled to advantage in connec- 
tion with bicycles could now find ex- 
cellent openings with several Cleveland 
retail stores. A number of the old reli- 
ables feel that there is still money to be 
made in the bicycle business under ad- 
vantageous conditions and expect to con- 
tinue keeping open during the entire 
year provided they can secure something 
to tide them over the fall and winter 
months. This is growing more and more 
to be the case with exclusive bicycle 
dealers all over the country and manu- 
facturers of various lines of goods are 
turning their efforts accordingly. 

Ctttting Down Many Frames. 

The rather light demand for bicycles 
has not affected the repair business. 
Quite the contrary is the case, the re- 
pairmen having more work than they 
can do. Evidently many riders had put 
off having repair work done, thinking 
they would purchase new mounts, but, 
conditions having been against them, 
they have decided to use the old machines 
another year, necessitating repairs. 

In view of the prevailing low prices 



for fairly good machines, it would seem 
that the practice of cutting down and re- 
modeling old campaigners would be a 
thing of the past, but such is not the case 
in this city. A repairman stated the other 
day that he had cut down fully as many 
machines during the past few weeks as 
during any similar period in past sea- 
sons. He expressed the opinion that in 
nine cases out of ten it was mistaken 
economy to the rider, but quite naturally 
he was not airing this opinion before 
prospective patrons. 

Repairers Abandon Assembling. 

The practice of assembling has had a 
decided setback in this section this 
spring, as it is daily becoming evident 
that it is no longer profitable. Last year 
the repairmen bought their own frames 
in the black and had them enameled, 
stringing up the wheels and doing the as- 
sembling themselves. Now it is claimed 
that even this form of "assembling" is 
no longer profitable and it seems that the 
only way in which the repairman can 
furnish a machine of his "own make" is 
to buy complete machines fully equipped, 
and then "build" them by putting on his 
own nameplate. There are still a few 
riders who are willing to pay a fair price 
for models built after their own ideas, 
and these constitute the only class with 
which the small builders can do business 
at a profit. 



NEW BUSINESS IN MONTANA 



HIGH PRICED -WOOt, AND BBBP BRING 
INCREASED SAI<BS 



CHAPMAN & SONS ASSIGN 



Makers of Chapman Double Ball Bearings 
Go Out of Business. 



The Chapman & Sons Mfg. Co. of Rock- 
land, Mass., has assigned to Edmund H. 
Talbot of Sharon, counsel for the firm, 
and a mortgagee's sale of the stock was 
held at the plant last Tuesday. 

The corporation was organized several 
years ago under the laws of Maine with a 
capital of $150,000. George P. Chapman 
was president and general manager, and 
associated with him were his three sons. 
The company controls the Chapman dou- 
ble ball bearing device, and the manufac- 
ture of bicycles was begun in Stoi.ighton 
two years- ago. Last September the con- 
cern bought of the Rockland Savings 
l)ank a factory on Market street and 
transferred its business to Rockland, 
where considerable money was spent in 
improving the property, and a fine plant 
was established. About thirteen hands 
were employed. The company has been 
handicapped by a lack of capital, and 
this is assigned as the cause of the diffi- 
culty. George Chapman has moved to 
Somerville, Mass., where he will engage 
in the insurance business. 



Attempt to Burn Patee Plant. 

It is believed by operatives in the Patee 
bicycle factory in Peoria, 111., that a 
vicious attempt was made to destroy the 
plant by fire a few days ago. A gasoline 
engine is used in the factory. The gaso- 
line is stored in a tank at the rear of 
the premises adjacent to the alley. There 
is considerable rubbish there, such as 
boxes, packing cases, wads of excelsior 
and other inflammable stuff. A consider- 
able quantity of this material had been 
placed on top of the tank, which con- 
tained fifty gallons of gasoline, and then 
ignited. Had the fire got far enough along 
to generate the gasoline fumes, the fac- 
tory and its inmates would doubtless 
have been wrecked and injured by an ex- 
plosion. But the firemen were in time to 
prevent a tragedy. No clue is revealed as 
to the identity of the incendiaries, but it 
is firmly maintained that the intention 
was to destroy the plant. 



Dry Weather in Minnesota and Dakotas 
Checks Trade Slightly but Pro- 
spects are Good. 



Cycle Age repair book, $2; to subscrib- 
ers, $1. 



The retail trade in the northwest dur- 
ing May was of good volume, the average 
for the month being equal to, if not ahead 
of, the same period a year ago. Un- 
doubtedly the continued dry weather all 
over the northwestern states has had its 
effect on the bicycle situation, as it has 
on every other line of business. Country 
roads are so dusty and dry that wheeling 
is not a pleasure and can only be en- 
joyed on the city streets and on the bicy- 
cle paths. Many who had intended pur- 
chasing mounts have postponed buying 
them until cycling is more of a pleasure 
than at present. 

The question of the extent of the crops 
is also cutting something of a figure in 
preventing trade from assuming the large 
volume it was anticipated it might. In 
strictly agricultural communities the 
farmers were, up to the middle of the 
month, somewhat discouraged by the lack 
of moisture. Crops were growing slowly, 
and this had more or less of a depressing 
effect on all lines of business. 

Montana Sales Unprecedented. 

New business is being developed this 
year in good volume in the state of Mon- 
tana. Jobbers report that better and 
larger orders are coming from that sec- 
tion than at any time in the period of the 
jobbing business at that point, according 
to Hardware Trade of Minneapolis. The 
conditions in Montana are more satisfac- 
tory from a business point than they are 
farther east. Wool is high, cattle are 
bringing good prices and all grazing in- 
terests are prosperous, the entire state 
participating in this prosperity. This is 
aiding business to a very large extent 
and makes all branches of trade more 
profitable than formerly, while increasing 
demand for goods going into consump- 
tion. 

Increased Trade in North Dakota. 

Demand from North Dakota is also very 
good at this time. The state is naturally 
adapted to the bicycle and in many small 
cities and towns there seems to have 
been a revival of interest in the bicycle. 
The sales this year in that territory have 
been much in excess of a year ago. 

In South Dakota the business prospects 
are not quite so satisfactory. In all prob- 
ability the volume of trade from that sec- 
tion has been fully as large as a year ago, 
but demand has practically shown no in- 
crease and the number of machines being 
sold is not proportionate to the popula- 
tion, based on the number being disposed 
of in Montana and North Dakota. 

Minnesota Trade Holds Up Well. 

In Minnesota business continues in good 
volume, and is fully equal to a year ago. 
Just now city trade is of good propor- 
tions and is attracting the most attention, 
but orders are continually coming in from 
obscure crossroad towns where few bicy- 
cles have been sold in the past. Inquiries 
continue to be large and every mail brings 
the jobbers large numbers of letters in 
which catalogues are solicited or prices 
are requested. These are a good indica- 
tion for future business, and the predic- 
tion made some time ago that the bicycle 
business would show a steady demand 
until August or September will undoubt- 
edly be verified, if there is anything like 
a fair crop in the northwestern states this 
fall, and if farmers realize fair prices on 
their products. 



136 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 




The Census Taker 



will soon be able to tell us how many able-bodied 
United States citizens ought to ride bicycles. We 
want every one of them to know about 



The rianson Bicycle 

made by the only house which furnishes a guaranty 
which guarantees. We send 

No Talkative Salesman 



to worry you. You can have a sample by express 
for examination without cost and it will do its own 
talking. Unless you already handle the Manson, 
paste this fact in your hat for future reference. 



Manson Cycle Co., Hanson Square, Chicago 



Patee 6rest Taocl^rn 





The Patee Crest Tandem has always 
been recognized by racing men as a 
most superior machine for pacing and 
track use. It is light, strong and rigid, 
and a wonderful speed machine. 

Hundreds of them are in constant 
use by club men for both road and track 
work and they give universal satisfac- 
tion. 
Made in Double Diamond and Drop Front; single and double steer. "Will carry any weight rider safely over all kinds of roads. Cannot 
be sprung out of line. 



PATEE CREST, MODEL B, $25.00 ^^^^^l^^^^^^t 

lars In America. Dealers who get our agency are wise. Write for catalogue and prices 



BAKER & HAMILTON 

EXCLUSIVE AGENTS PACIFIC COAST STATES 

San Francisco, Cal. 



Pzitee Bicycle Gorop^,r)y 

III to 115 nail) 5t., Peoria, 111. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



137 



MQmMh 



Entarod at Chloafo Post Offico as Seoond-CIass Matter 

Publishsd avary Thursday at 324 Daarborn St., Chicago. 
Eastern Offiees. American Tract Soc'y Bldg., New York. 

Subscription price in the United States, Canada and 
Mexico, $2 per year; in foreign countries, $6 per year 

All remittances should be made to The Cycle Aob 
Company. 



Comparatively few per- 
NOT sons have been found 

FAIR WITH who are willing to 

THE DEALER make an effort to jus- 
tify the existence of the 
trust from the standpoint of the dealer. 
That is to say, few have attempted to 
prove that any benefits have accrued to 
the retail trade from the formation of 
the combine. A few have endeavored to 
show that it has accomplished great 
good by insisting upon the maintenance 
of prices by dealers, and the Cycle Age 
would not dispute that statement, pro- 
vided it could be shown that the policy 
had been consistently pursued in all of 
the trust's dealings. 

The American Bicycle Co. has no right, 
however, to expect the dealer to main- 
tain prices unless it, also, is prepared to 
do the same thing. It has no right to 
sell a machine to a dealer fwr $12 or $14 
and insist that it shall not be sold for 
less than $2.5, and now, before the season 
is half over, sell the same machine, or 
one of equal grade, to a mail order house 
or a department store for about half the 
price. That is, nevertheless, what has 
been done. Bicycles are being offered, 
with or without tires and other equip- 
ment, at prices which enable the buyers 
to sell to the public at prices which the 
legitimate dealer, who bought earlier and 
relied upon the trust to act in good faith, 
cannot approach. Milwaukee and Buffalo 
machines are offered at prices very close 
to cost. 

No dealer can be legally bound to main- 
tain prices set by the American Bicycle 
Co. There may, however, have been 
some question about his moral obligation, 
but even the most squeamish will admit 
that under such circumstances as those 
above detailed even the moral obligation 
is cancelled. 

The sale of bicycles at ridiculous 
prices has not been confined to mail or- 
der houses, however. In Philadelphia the 
local branch of the Gormully & Jeffery 
sales department offers bicycles at $14. 
In Hartford, chainless Columbias of 1899 
make are offered at $40 and chain bicy- 
cles at from $27.50 to $32.50 each. Ac- 
companying the announcement of these 
prices the statement is made that "these 
machines correspond to the well known 
models 45 and 46 for men and women re- 
spectively, with the exception that the 
crank bracket is of slightly different 
shape," an attempt, of course, to lead the 
public to believe that at these prices they 
buy a machine just as good as the 1900 



models, in which belief, by the way, they 
would not be far from the truth. 

These are incidents which serve to 
show that the trust is not acting in good 
faith. Dealers are not likely to permit 
themselves to be hoodwinked, but, find- 
ing themselves in competition with the 
houses from which they purchase, will 
either fail to dispose of the number of 
machines expected of them or will lower 
their prices to meet those of their oppo- 
nent. 

An instance was reported last week. 
Tierney Bros., one of the largest con- 
cerns in Michigan, announced a drop in 
prices. They were promptly notified by 
the trust that price cutting must cease. 
Their reply was decisive, and in a few 
words meant that the machines were 
their own and they purposed selling 
them without dictation from anybody as 
to price. 

Thus has the- trust kicked from be- 
neath its feet the one plank on which it 
depended to prove its beneficent effect on 
the bicycle industry. 

Severe cases sometimes require heroic 
treatment, which, however, is generally 
resorted to only in emergencies. One 
may be pardoned for wondering what has 
given rise to the late slaughter sales. The 
annual meeting of the trust should occur 
about a month hence. The directors 
doubtless desire to make a satisfactory 
showing both as to the number of bicy- 
cles sold and the condition of stock at 
the time the report is made. That the 
season's business has been disappointing 
no one doubts, and it will be interesting 
to study the report and ascertain by what 
process a satisfactory condition of affairs 
will be shown. 

Two years ago the 
IN prospects for a general 

DEFENSE return to 30-inch 

OF A FAILURE wheels on standard 
road models were 
bright. Today 30-inch wheels are un- 
popular. Many point to the signal fail- 
ure of the large wheel "boom" and de- 
clare it to be the just result of an at- 
tempt to foist an undesirable project up- 
on the public. Such, however, is not the 
case. 

With all due leniency for those who 
have no appreciation of the 30-inch 
wheel for standard size bicycles it must 
be admitted that there existed other rea- 
sons than that of unsuitableness for the 
dropping of the 30-inch-wheel cause. The 
fight for that size wheel was dropped 
while the project was still impuberal. 
Modern type bicycles with 30-inch wheels 
had not yet been developed sufficiently 
to warrant the trade to judge finally up- 
on their merits and disadvantages. 

But few of the many 30-inch-wheel 
machines marketed during 1899 were de- 
signed in keeping with their distinctive 
characteristics and the needs of the 
market. One or two well built machines 
of this type could not sustain the good- 
will of the trade for a class of machines 
which, generally speaking, were very poor 
examples of present-day cycle building. 

The bicycles which brought calamity 



to the 30-inch move were poor for reasons 
irrelevant to wheel size. Many were the 
28 to 30-pound machines which were 
offered as samples of a new style of road- 
ster. Many were the cycles which had 
48 and 49-inch wheel bases; awkward, 
weak frames; unattractive looks. The 
trade judged by them and the work of the 
few makers who built tastily designed, 
light, compact 30-inch-wheel models was 
lost as far as the good of the whole pro- 
ject was concerned. 

Had the majority of the 1899 30-inch- 
wheel bicycles been built as were one or 
two; had the common run weighed not 
over 22 to 24 pounds each, had the frames 
been compact, neat and stiff; had pains 
been taken to give the machines every 
elegance in design that characterizes the 
most successful 28-inch-wheel models, 
then, perhaps, the history of the 30-inch 
"boom" might still be a making instead 
of being written. There is no doubt in 
the mind of the fair minded person that 
the 30-inchers had some peculiar and dis- 
tinctive advantages. Had the 30-inch bi- 
cycles of last season been built to bring 
out, to accentuate, these advantages in- 
stead of to overbalance them by general 
crudeness of design and construction, the 
30-inch bicycle of today would doubtless 
be a prominent reality rather than a 

passing fancy. 

« « * 

It is not impossible that the principal 
bicycle dealers of today may become the 
leading distributors of automobiles in 
the future. They are watching the indus- 
try with intelligent interest and securing 
agencies as quickly as they are able to 
obtain reliable vehicles at reasonable 
prices. One man, who handles bicycles 
on a large scale, has shown how nicely 
the two lines may be combined, by mak- 
ing one the servant of the other. During 
the winter and early spring when there 
was little doing in the bicycle line he 
made a tour in his automobile, carrying 
samples of this year's bicycles and thus 
learned, from actual contact with his 
customers, their desires concerning goods 
for the present season. Incidentally he 
talked about the motor vehicle and sowed 
seed which will eventually lead to busi- 
ness. Dealers who years ago sold bicy- 
cles at high prices will be able to find 
among their customers of those days 
some who, though disinclined to continue 
cycling, will be glad to patronize the new 

industry. 

* * * 

An energetic dealer might do well to 
keep track of patrons and possible pat- 
rons by means of a card index system. 
The expense of establishing such an in- 
dex is small and its advantages for keep- 
ing in good order large lists of names 
are many. With such an index constant- 
ly revised the dealer would at all times 
be in a position to circulate his advertis- 
ing mail matter in the most effective 
and economical manner. 

• * * 

Already rumors are afloat concerning 
preparation for 1901 models. Surely the 
bicycle trade believes in being "365 days 
ahead of them all." 



138 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



Prominent New England Cycle Age Subscribers 

GROUP I. 




V^.t-H.fs/lx^sRBLEL. ^ D.^5.»5PE./NCEP?. 



^^'^ . v//^^ ^^ t. £ /if'^ 



W. p. SYLVESTER, of East Weymouth, Mass. 

RICHARD H. FITCH, of Wilton, Conn. 

FREDERICK W. CORP, of Corp Bros., Providence, R. I. 

A. B. SEAVEY, of Saco, Me. 

ROBERT E. BADGER, of R. E. Badger & Co., Walling- 

ford. Conn. 
WILLIAM F. KRAFVE, of Worcester, Mass. 
W. H. MARBLE, of Brockton, Mass. 
D. S. SPENCER, of Saybrook, Conn. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



139 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF PROMINENT DEALERS 



WILLIAM KRAFVE'S VARIED CAREER 

Began Work on Bicycles with Iver Johnson 
In 1886— Six Years a Retailer. 



William Krafve of Worcester, Mass., is 
what the author of Patience would de- 
scribe as a "pushing young particle; 
what's the next article? Hustle all day 
young man." He commenced work at 
the Iver Johnson factory at the tender 
age of eleven, first on firearms and then, 
from 1886 to '91, worked on the Spring- 
field roadster. Mr. Krafve supplies a re- 
minder of the olden times in the follow- 
ing language: 

"The Iver Johnson people were making 
the Springfield roadster for Mr. McCune, 
well known as 'Pop' McCune, who after- 
wards started the Union factory in High- 
landville, Mass. Then the Johnson peo- 
ple, for a short time, made and machined 
all the parts for the Warwick people of 
Springfield, Mass. Next they made the 
Lovell Diamond. I worked on all of them, 
as Mr. Johnson had been kind enough to 
take a liking to me and gave me all the 
chance there was to leain. He was a fine 
mechanic himself, a hard worker and a 
fine man to work for. He gave me excel- 
lent advice, which has been of service to 
me many a time. 

"When he moved to Fitchburg I went 
to work for the Spiers Mfg. Co., who were 
just starting to make the Majestic for 
Hulbert Bros, of New York. Later I re- 
ceived a good offer from a local dealer 
and stayed with him until '94, when I 
started repairing for myself. The follow- 
ing season I opened a store. In '97 I was 
obliged to close temporarily on account 
of ill health, although I had at that time 
one of the best repair shops and best 
businesses in this part of the country. I 
had been employing ten men, making bi- 
cycles for myself, and had 100 machines 
on the floor." 

Mr. Krafve went to Europe in July, '97, 
taking a line of American parts and sun- 
dries. He remained abroad about six 
months, and in January, '98, resumed the 
manufacture of bicycles. Then he entered 
the employment of the Fowler people and 
was largely instrumental in designing 
their models. In the meantime he had 
turned his business over to his sister, 
Hanna Krafve, who still conducts it. 

Mr. Krafve has done considerable rac- 
ing and, although at present only twenty- 
five years old, worked on every part of a 
bicycle from '86 to '93; designed and made 
his own machines since 1897; has trav- 
eled six months in Europe; sold parts in 
all the principal cities between New York 
and Chfcago, and has therefore a thor- 
oughly practical knowledge of the busi- 
ness. He has attended every cycle show 
held in New York and Chicago since '95; 
the Stanley and National shows in Lon- 
don; was a member of the National Board 
of Trade of Cycle Manufacturers; is now 
a member of the Worcester Board of 
Trade, and has been, for nine consecutive 
years, a member of the League of Ameri- 
can Wheelmen. 



BEGAN IN A LITTLE COOP 



In Seven Years Corp Bros. Increase an $800 
Outfit Ten Fold. 



Corp Bros, of Providence, R. I., have 
been in business seven years. They be- 
gan in what they now describe as "a lit- 
tle coop." Stock and fixtures cost them 
$800. From repair work they gradually 
drifted into making bicycles, added help 



and machinery as the business grew, 
moved three times into larger quarters, 
and now occupy a large, well filled store, 
with seven large show windows, five en- 
trances, and a commodious workshop 
fitted with every modern appliance for 
making or repairing bicycles. 

The firm employs twenty men and 
makes about 300 bicycles a year, prin- 
cipally special machines at extra high 
prices. The value of the stock and fix- 
tures has increased from $800 to more 
than $8,000, and it is believed that the 
most prosperous year in their history is 
just commencing. 

Corp Bros, are laying plans to be early 
in the automobile business, as they ware 
in bicycles, but are cautious enough not 
to plunge until they feel certain of a fair 
return on the dollars they invest. 



HAS MANY SIDELINES 



Robert B. Badger's Remarkably Successful 
Career of ISxpansion Since 1895. 



SUNDRIES PROBLEM SOLVED 



Richard Fitch, Postmaster-Dealer, Makes 
Bi- Weekly Buying Trips to Metropolis. 



Richard H. Fitch, postmaster at Wil- 
ton, Conn., has succeeded to the business 
of W. K. J. Hubbell. This year the bur- 
den of his song is "Ride a Remington, 
return refreshed;" "Pedal a Pierce, pass 
the push." 

"The bicycle trade is full of chances in 
a small town like this," he says, "where 
only a small per cent, of the people live 
the year round, but which is well filled 
with well-to-do people from New York 
and Brooklyn during the summer. They 
often wait to buy their bicycles until 
they come here, and both men and wom- 
en are well up on all the kinks, and the 
majority want options. In sundries they 
are good customers, but are apt to want 
bargain store prices. 

"The country customers are different. 
The ladies are the larger buyers of the 
low and medium priced wheels. But your 
country boy is almost without exception 
a good rider, and wants a standard make, 
new if he can afford it, but second-hand 
rather than a new cheap wheel. Hartford 
tires are used in most cases, but Palmers 
have the call for the fast division. 

"I have solved the sundries question, 
to my own satisfaction at least, by keep- 
ing the complete catalogues of Spalding, 
of Schoverling, Daly & Gales, and of 
Hartley & Graham in a conspicuous place 
and making a personal trip to New York 
every two weeks to fill orders. I find it 
increases my sales, is a spot cash deal, 
and gives the best of satisfaction. By 
this method $5 worth of tire tape, plugs, 
oil, cement, etc., is an ample stock. 

For repair work I have tied up to an 
experienced man, with a well equipped 
shop in South Norwalk, which is but 
seven miles away, and find this is far 
ahead of fussing around in a limited 
space." 

S. G. Kline Started Business with $10. 

Mr. Purtle, of Sistersville, W. Va., re- 
tired from business last July and was suc- 
ceeded by Kline & Purtle. S. G. Kline 
now owns the business. On April 30, 
1897, he opened a small repair shop at 807 
Main street, Sistersville, but removed to 
his present location January 1, 1898. He 
started with less than $10 and through 
courtesy to his patrons now commands a 
good trade. He has confined his line of 
bicycles to about three makes. 

"I find many items of interest in the 
Cycle Age," he writes, "and everyone in- 
terested in bicycles should always have it 
at hand." 



Robert E. Badger, head of the firm of 
R. E. Badger & Co., of Wallingford, 
Conn., was one of the early day wheel- 
men, having ridden the Star wheel when 
Arthur Zimmerman was pumping his way 
to fame. His connection with tlie busi- 
ness dates back to '9.5, when it was hard 
to get bicycles fast enough and when the 
bicycle was first being generally adopted 
bicycle was first being generally adopted. 
Mr. Badger has continued to make bicy- 
cle retailing one of the most important 
branches in his ever-growing business 
and to it he has given his attention and 
support as only those can who are heart 
and soul with the bicycle. 

Beginning at the close of '94 he was 
in full swing when '95 opened. At the 
end of '95, after a successful season, he 
purchased the business of C. N. Lane & 
Son, which business had been established 
for a decade and included in its branches 
a news-depot, cigar, stationery and con- 
fectionery trade. In '97 he added the 
Imperial laundry to his list, and also 
bought out the bicycle department of 
F. L. Leighton & Co., a local hardware 
firm. He opened a branch store that year 
which is doing a good business. 

In the winter of '98 the sewing machine 
business of L. R. Cook was purchased 
and duly installed in its place with the 
other lines. Five of the leading sewing 
machines are on his list. 

At the opening of '99 the bicycle firm 
of R. S. Smith & Co. was merged with 
that of R. E. Badger & Co., while the for- 
mer continued to "do business at the old 
stand" under the management of R. C. 
Smith. 

Realizing that there was a future for 
the talking machine Mr. Badger intro- 
duced it in '98 and is now selling the 
phonograph, graphophone and gramo- 
phone. 

Among the machines handled by the 
main store in Simpson block and in the 
two branches in the Fitzgerald block and 
Austin block are the Eclipse, Rambler, 
Orient, Featherstone, Rochester, Record, 
Clipper, White, Reading. Reading Special, 
Storraer and Pennant. The coaster brake 
has been one of the firm's leading fea- 
tures for four years. 

Mr. Badger is deeply interested in the 
automobile question and believes the time 
is rapidly approaching when motor vehi- 
cles of various kinds will be found at 
bicycle headquarters throughout the 
country. 

TEN YEARS IN THE TRADE 



W. F. Sylvester, Machinist, Remodeled 1200 
I/Ovell Cycles for Pneumatic Tires. 



W. F. Sylvester of East Weymouth, 
Mass., completed his tenth year in the bi- 
cycle business on April 1. He has been 
all that time at the same stand. Mr. Syl- 
vester is a machinist, and opened his shop 
to repair all kinds of machinery. His 
first bicycle repair was made on an old 
Springfield roadster, and when the pres- 
ent style of machine came into use he 
purchased the sample of his first efforts 
as a curiosity. When the pneumatic tire 
was introduced he remodeled a machine 
for the Lovell Arms Co.. so that the pneu- 
matic might be used, which resulted in 
an order from the company under which 
he remodeled more than 1,200 bicycles. 
In 1892 Mr. Sylvester made a machine 



140 



THE CYCLE AGE ^ND TRADE REVIEW 



PROGRESSIVE CYCLE AGE SUBSCRIBERS 

GROUP II. 




<^^ _^ 



W. C. JAYNE8, of Buffalo, N. Y. 

8. G. KLINE, of Kline & Purtle, Sistersvllle. W. Va. 

GEORGE B. FIELD, of Heath & Co., Newport, R. I. 

JAMES N. BOYCE, of New Haven, Conn. 

B. E. PUDNEY, of Sydney, N. Y. 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



141 



of his own, then, he claims, the lightest 
in his part of the country. It weighed 
twenty-eight pounds. He called it the 
Weymouth, and since then has made an 
average of about twenty each year. He 
employs three men, has a first class shop 
with electrical power, brazing, enameling 
and vulcanizing facilities. 

Mr. Sylvester expresses the opinion 
that the coaster brake is the best addition 
of the year, and says: "When they can 
put one on a chainless machine, in a free 
wheel, to move backward or forward. It 
will be the best device, until the motor 
vehicle can be made as cheaply as the bi- 
cycle in proportion to the services ren- 
dered. I have been taking the Cycle Age 
ever since it was first printed. I think it 
and the Motor Age are the best papers I 
know of." 

EASY PAYMENTS A SPECIALTY 



W. C. Jaynes Does Successful Business with 
Wage Earners on Instalment Plan. 



W. C. Jaynes of Buffalo not only con- 
ducts a bicycle business individually, but 
is one of the partners in, and manager of, 
the Jaynes Electrical Co. His bicycle de 
partment handles the Columbus and Yale, 
and he has sold during the past three 
years in the neighborhood of 4,000 ma- 
chines. 

Mr. Jaynes makes a specialty of the 
easy payment system, accepting $5 at the 
time of sale and $2 monthly, which plan, 
he thinks, has enabled many hundreds of 
people to own machines who would not 
otherwise have been able to do so. Ex- 
perience enables him to select good and 
reject undesirable customers, and he is 
always willing to sell to a wage earner 
who seems to be in steady employment. 

Mr. Jaynes guarantees his machines for 
a year and makes all necessary repairs 
during that time. He advertises exten- 
sively in the local papers, and claims to 
give more for the money than any other 
dealer. 



■ A PLEASANT ANNIVERSARY 



B. B. Pudney Received His First Victor Ten 
Years Ago— I,oyal to the End. 



B. B. Pudney of Sidney, N. Y., de- 
scribes his photograph as "the visage of 
a cycle dealer who, in the rush of a hust- 
ling cycle trade, selling, exchanging, 
renting and repairing, takes pleasure in 
washing the black oil of the cycle bear- 
ings off his hands with the use of gaso- 
line and a slight touch of soap, that he 
may, without soiling his desk, cuffs, etc., 
pen a few lines concerning a pleasant 
decade in the cycle trade." 

On June 8 Mr. Pudney will celebrate 
the tenth anniversary of the day when, 
then a clothing dealer, he received his 
first Victor at a cost of $122.50; weight 
forty-four pounds. It had two-inch pneu- 
matic tires, which were not guaranteed 
and were recommended only as an exper- 
iment. That year he sold eight machines; 
fourteen in 1891; twenty-six in '92; for- 
ty-four in '93; sixty in '94; eighty in '95; 
105 in '96; 128 in '97; 144 in '98, and 160 
in '99. All these were in his own town, 
but last year he sold thirty in a sub- 
agency. His expectations are that this 
season will show a further increase. 

Mr. Pudney points out that the actual 
amount of cash received does not increase 
from year to year to any considerable ex- 
tent. In other words, the decrease in 
prices about keeps pace with the increase 
in sales. Were it not for the sale of ac- 
cessories he believes that selling bicycles 
alone would not pay store rent. He be- 
lieves that no man can conduct a profit- 
able business without repairing, renting, 
exchanging and selling supplies. 

Mr. Pudney has sold a great variety of 
machines, but stuck consistently to the 



Victor and visited the Overman factory 
yearly. This season he handles the 
Orient, Reading Standard and a long line 
of trust machines. He says he regards 
himself as a public servant and is willing 
to sell anything the people demand. 



TOLD TRUST TO "GO TO" 



J. S. Newberry, Who Adopted Retaliatory 
Tactics, Is Aided By His Wife. 



Prior to 1894 John S. Newberry con- 
ducted a harness store at Romeo, Mich. 
In that year he added bicycles, but in the 
fall of 1897 purchased a lot, erected a 
building, and since that time has devoted 
his attention entirely to the bicycle busi- 
ness. He has a well equipped repair de- 
partment, containing all the tools neces- 
sary for first-class work, including braz- 
ing and vulcanizing. He does all of the 
repair work personally, while Mrs. New- 
berry attends to the sales and keeps the 
books, "and I doubt very much," he 
writes, "whether there is any man who 
can show her very much about a bicycle, 
or make more sales. In the winter 
months I travel in Michigan, representing 




J. S, Newberry, Romeo, Mich. 

some of the lines I handle. My lines of 
machines are all outside of the trust and 
always will be. They are the Pierce, Eagle, 
Reading Standard, Hilsendegen and the 
Yeolande, all of which I can recommend 
to people who want independent machines 
and fair treatment." 

Mr. Newberry has lately been promi- 
nently before readers of the Cycle Age by 
reason of his fight with the A. B. C. over 
the Tribune agency, which he seems to 
have killed, so far as his town is con- 
cerned. 

BUILDS ENGINES AND DYNAMOS 



James N. Boyce Puts His Up-to-Date Ma- 
chine Shop to Varied Uses. 



James N. Boyce of New Haven, Conn., 
is agent for The Outing Mfg. Co. of In- 
dianapolis. He has recently fitted up his 
repair shop with the machinery neces- 
sary to an up-to-date repair shop and is 
now situated so that he can turn up 
cones, axles, etc., satisfactorily, and at 
short notice. He also makes a specialty 
of motor and engine repair work. 

Prior to his engagement in the bicycle 
business he was employed by Nelson N. 
Twiss of New Haven, Conn., builder of 
the Twiss automatic cut-off engine. Dur- 
ing the past winter Mr. Boyce built a 
fifty horse power steam engine for Mr. 
Bohn of Montowese, Conn., who has 
shipped it to some point in Mexico where 



he has business interests. He also has 
several dynamos which he constructed in 
the dull season. 

Mr. Boyce looks forward to a busy sea- 
son, and together with his assistants, is 
kept busy in the repair department. He 
remarks that he finds the Cycle Age 
of great value and assistance and thinks 
that no up-to-date dealer can afford to 
be without it. 

Mr. Boyce, like many other people, is 
anxiously looking for a motor suitable 
to drive a bicycle. 



A CONSISTENT AGENT 



A. B. Seavey Has Handled the Warwick for 
a Decade at His Music Store. 



One of the best located stores in Saco, 
Me., is that of A. B. Seavey, who deals in 
bicycle sundries, pianos, organs and sew- 
ing machines. Mr. Seavey has been in 
the music business more than a quarter 
of a century and ten years ago began 
selling bicycles, with the Warwick as his 
leader. He has sold that make ever 
since. 

Mr. Seavey has also handled the Craw- 
ford for the past six years and has lately 
added other makes and the finest line of 
sundries in the city. He claims to have 
the finest and best stocked store in his 
line in the country. Mr. Seavey was born 
in Kennebunk, Me., in 1855; started to 
make a place for himself at an early age, 
has been successful in his business under- 
takings and enjoys an excellent reputa- 
tion, personally and commercially, in his 
community. 

ASSEMBLER'S ODD SIDELINE 



W. H. Marble, Who Builds the Mystic, 
Makes Spikes for Running Shoea. 



W. H. Marble is a dealer and repairman 
at Brockton, Mass. He began business in 
1895, at that time handling the Relay ex- 
clusively. He started with the idea in 
mind that by being straightforward, cour- 
teous and giving' his customers the im- 
pression that he intended to hold their 
trade, he would build up a successful bus- 
iness. He was right, and as a result of 
his efforts has twice enlarged his store. 
His show rooms are attractive and his 
machine shop contains all the tools nec- 
essary to accomplish first-class work. 

Mr. Marble is a practical machinist. He 
manufactures a bicycle which he calls the 
Mystic, and in addition handles the Re- 
lay, Racycle, Light and Adlake. During 
the dull season he makes spikes for run- 
ning shoes and furnishes them to a large 
number of dealers in sporting goods. 



D. S. Spencer Adds Boat Building. 

D. S. Spencer of Saybrook, Conn., is in 
the bicycle and general repair business. 
His shop is equipped with gasoline power 
and the latest and most improved ma- 
chines and tools for the business, in- 
cluding brazer, vulcanizer and enameling 
oven. Mr. Spencer handles the Rambler, 
Ideal, Dayton, Relay, Crawford, B. & D. 
Special and Wolff-American. He has 
just added a boat building department 
under the management of W. F. Harri- 
son, and is agent for the Mianus gasoline 
motor. 

Have Fashionable Patrons in Newport. 

Heath & Co., 14 Bellevue avenue, New- 
port, R. I., have been in the bicycle busi- 
ness since 1894. During the first three 
years they handled nothing but the Hum- 
ber, which was the favorite at that time 
with the summer residents. Their sales 
average 150 bicycles. They are now hand- 
ling the Wolff-American, Dayton, Spald- 
ing, Iver Johnson. Heath & Co. have a 
neat store in the fashionable part of the 



142 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



Progressive New York State Cycle Age Subscribers 



GROUP III. 




C. A. LANE, of Phelps, N Y. 

SYDNEY B. BOWMAN, of New York City 

ADDISON BALDRIDGE, of MacDougall NY 

A. H. JOCELYN, of Brooklyn, NY ' ' 

ERNEST B. MUCHMORE. of East Hamntoti N Y 

THEODORE COLES, of Oneida, N y 

O. E. LARA WAY, of Sandv Hill N Y 

S. B. DA VEGA, of New York Citv' ' 

N. E. DAVIS, of Smithville Flats " N Y 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



143 



city and do a general sundry and repair 
business. The business is managed by 
Geo. B. Field. 

EIGHT YEARS A LOCAL CONSUL 



N. B. Davis an Barly I,. A. W. Member- 
Makers Careless in Placing Agencies. 



N. E. Davis, of Smithville Flats, N. 
Y does not carry as large a stock of 
machines as formerly, preferring to 
purchase as his customers require. He 
gives as his reason the fact that man- 
ufacturers have placed agencies with so 
many unreliable 'persons, the only re- 
quirement being their ability to write 
a letter and purchase a two-cent stamp. 

"These machines," says Mr. Davis, 
"are being sold throughout the country 
district to the injury of regular dealers. 
They are made to represent a first-class 
article and, to a causal observer, ap- 
pear to be all right. The repairman, 
however, knows that they are not. 
When a customer comes into my place, 
I ask him what grade of machine he 
wants and what he expects to pay. If 
he does not know more about the case 
than I do, I try to give him what in- 
formation I can, and he is usually sat- 
isfied. 1 prefer to buy machines made 
by independent makers." 

Mr. Davis has been a member of the 
L A. W. nearly ten years, during eight 
of which he has filled the office of local 
consul. He was one of the earliest pur- 
chasers of safety bicycles and has, hand- 
led the Ormond, Lu-Mi-Num, Columbia, 
Patee and other well known makes. 



FINDS ASSEMBLING NECESSARY 



A. Baldridge Says Certain Class of Riders 
Demand Cycles Bnilt to Fit. 



The assembling of bicycles seems to 
Addison Baldridge of MacDougall, N. Y., 
to be a necessity in the conduct of a 
successful bicycle business. "A certain 
class of riders," he says, "demand a 
machine so different from the regular 
style that we are obliged to assemble to 
suit them. We do not consider it more 
profitable than the regular order of bus- 
iness, but it serves us as a good adver- 
tisement. Assembling of bicycles seems 
to be growing." 

Mr. Baldridge handles nothing but in- 
dependent machines, his principle lines 
being manufactured by the Rochester 
Cycle Co. and the Apex Wheel Co. He 
also has made for him the Boer, which 
retails at $35, and the Bald Eagle, at 
$25. His trade demands flashy combina- 
tions of colors. The $25 and $30 ma- 
chines sell best, but they must be light, 
with large sprockets and a drop of al)out 
2% inches. 

ENTERPRISE BRINGS SUCCESS 



Advertising, Courtesy and Promptness of 
I/araway & Hibbard Are Rewarded. 



Laraway & Hibbard, of Sandy Hill, N. 
Y., purchased the bicycle business of Hib- 
bard Bros, in 1899, and continue it in the 
same location. They have added to the 
facilities for doing work promptly, believ- 
ing that good tools mean good work if 
good judgment is applied in their use. 
When a good tool can be replaced by 
something better they think it pays to 
make the change. 

"Promptness," they say, "is or should 
be one of the main things around a repair 
shop and is just as much appreciated as 
good work. The two combined make 
trade winners. We handle Wolff-Ameri- 
cans and Eagles and are about to add the 
Pierce line. We have no use whatever 
for trust goods. 

"We believe in advertising in the pa- 
pers and on fences, and in the liberal use 



of dodgers, gear tables, etc. Money so 
spent comoG back with interest. The 
man who succeeds must hustle. People 
like to trade with people who have some 
action and act as though they were alive. 
Courteous treatment under all circum- 
stances is a requisite for the successful 
man. If a man don't trade with you to- 
day or this year he may next. It pays to 
be pleasant." 

O. E. Hibbard purchased one-half inter- 
est in the business this spring. The 
firm's trade has increased 50 per cent and 
the indications are that this will be the 
best year's trade known in the town. 



A SATISFIED VETERAN 



Sufficient Income Accrues to Theodore Coles, 
Reputed for Best Work. 



Theodore Coles' place of business is at 
56, 58 and 60 Cedar street, Oneida, N. Y. 
He owns the place, which has a sixty-foot 
frontage and is devoted exclusively to bi- 
cycles. It consists of a showroom, stock- 
room, office and a large repair room on 
the first floor. The latter is equipped 
with an eight-horse power engine aiid 
the necessary tools for doing all bicycle 
repairs in first class style. The floors 
above are used for storage. Mr. Coles' 
workmen are admitted to be the best in 
his part of the country. 

Mr. Coles has always made the Colum- 
bia his leading line and has insisted upon 
its being known there as the best. He is 
determined not to allow the public to 
think otherwise of the goods he handles. 
He is a veteran, as he began business 
with the beginning of the use of the bi- 
cycle. He has tried assembling, but did 
not find it to pay well, and will probably 
not venture in it further. 

Mr. Coles writes: "I look forward to 
the time when dry goods stores will dis- 
continue the sale of bicycles and tin shops 
will discontinue trying to mend them, but 
do not give myself any great amount of 
uneasiness in the matter, as my present 
income seems to be quite sufficient for 
my needs." 

HAD INTERNATIONAL FAME 



Bowman's Cycling Academy Was I/argest in 
the World— Successful Bx-Champicn. 



Sydney B. Bowman of New York com- 
menced cycling in 1884 on a Star, and 
was known for six or seven years there- 
after as the vegetarian racing man. His 
diet did not affect his speed, for he won 
a New .Jersey state championship in 1888, 
was the champion of Union county from 
1888 to 1889, won second place in the 
national A. A. U. championship in 1889, 
and was third in the eastern champion- 
ship of the same organization in 1889. 
He rode a mile in the summer of 1892, 
at Springfield, paced by Zimmerman, in 
2:14 2-5. 

But Bowman's success as a racing man 
has been discounted by that as a man of 
business. He started at Elizabeth in 
1890, and the following year was em- 
ployed by Schoverling, Daly & Gales. 
From 1892 to 1895 he handled the Colum- 
bia and Hartford in New York and then 
changed to the Cleveland and Crescent, 
and organized the Michaux Cycle Club, 
a famous society organization. Bowman 
maintained a branch at Newport, R. I., 
during the summers of 1894, 1895 and 
1896, and of this the club was the out- 
come. 

In 1895, 1896 and 1897 he conducted the 
Bowman Cycling Academy, which up to 
that time he claims was the largest in 
the world and had an international repu- 
tation. For three or four years prior to 
1899 he conducted sometimes two and 
sometimes three stores and added the 
Featherstone to his other lines. 

To-day he is in business at Eighth 



avenue and Fifty-sixth street, and has 
added Kensington electric automobiles, 
Lozier gas engines and launches, and 
Edison phonographs and supplies. 



TO ADD MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 



B. B. Muchmore About to Move into IVarger 
Quarters and Bxtend His Field. 



Ernest B. Muchmore had been in the 
drug business with his father for fourteen 
years, until the first of last month, when 
he :gavc it up to devote his time and at- 
tention to his bicycle business at East 
Hampton, N. Y. Since 1892 he has been 
dealing in bicycles and sporting goods as 
a sideline, but as both branches grew he 
found it necessary to devote his attention 
to one or the other and chose bicycles. 

Mr. Muchmore claims to have owned 
the first pneumatic tired bicycle in East 
Hampton, an Eagle. The summers of '94 
and '95, he says, were memorable ones; 
business was so brisk and beginners were 
so numerous that he had to borrow an 
instructor from his brother's academy, 
and in 1896 the increase necessitated the 
help of a repairman. His present assist- 
ant is a Mr. Merrill, who for nearly two 
years was a repairman in the employ of 
the Pope company. 

Mr. Muchmore has arranged to occupy 
a store in a building now in the course 
of erection, and will add pianos, musical 
instruments and supplies. He has always 
handled the Columbia, and last year add- 
ed the Crescent and Spalding. This year 
he carries the Pierce, Stearns, Sterling 
and Remington. 



INVENTOR OF CHAINLESS GEAR 



A. H. Jocelyn Almost Ready to Bring Out 
New Two-Speed Driving Mechanism. 



The trade is likely to hear consider- 
able about A. H. Jocelyn, 319 Hancock 
street, Brooklyn, N. Y., in the immedi- 
ate future, as he is preparing to bring 
out in perfected form a two-speed chain- 
less driving gear on which he secured 
|United States letters 4)atent a year ago 
iin March. 

I That Mr. Jocelyn is an inventor and 
,15ractical machinist of no mean ability 
|is shown by the mechanism of his new 
idriving gear, which is covered by seven- 
teen distinct claims of novelty and 
merit, 

Since the patent issued a few changes 
have been made to improve the gear 
and other applications have been placed 
on file. It has been Mr. Jocelyn's in- 
tention to dispose of the patent rights to 
liicycle manufacturers on royalty. 



Davega Carries Twenty Lines. 

S. B. Davega, a well known New York 
dealer, handles no less than twenty lines 
of machines, all of them good, and most 
of them as good as any. He claims to be, 
and doubtless is, the only dealer in New 
York who carries so large a line. He usu- 
ally has about 250 machines on exhibition 
and claims to possess the largest and best 
equipped repair shop in New York. Mr. 
Davega reports that business has been 
good this season, and that the indications 
are that the May trade will be very large. 



Lane Has a Field to Himself. 
About five years ago C. A. Lane, who 
had long been in the employment of the 
New York Central railroad at Geneva, N. 
Y., resigned his position and entered the 
bicycle business, opening a store and re- 
pair shop at Phelps, N. Y. He has the 
only exclusive bicycle store and the only 
repair shop in that place. Mr. Lane han- 
dles the Andrae, Iver Johnson, Rambler 
and Clinton, and builds a few machines 
to order. 



144 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 




BEAUTY AND STRENGTH 

IN STRAIGHT LINES 



Bicycle design is 
a brancli of art 
which owes its 
development t o 
an incessant de- 
sire for novelty 
more than to any 
other one thing. 
Change, change, 
change. Such has been the history of 
cycle design. And there have been sad 
pages in that history. The cycle designer 
has dreamed of and striven for differ- 
ences just as the professional dude and a 
designing tailor have racked their 
brains and ruined their nights in the 
cause of differences. In some ways the 
differences produced by the bicycle man 
have been about on a level artistically 
with those evolved by the dude. 

Such cycle designers work by bits. 
They design a fork crown. Then under 
the pressure of inspiration or necessity 
they design a seat cluster. Eventually 
they have enough flowers picked from 
many gardens to comprise a bouquet. 
This bouquet is called a bicycle. 
Such a bouquet! Such a bicycle! 
It runs easily? Yes. It is stylish? Yes. 
Will a dude's clothes wear well? Yes. 
Are they stylish? Yes. But why is the 
dude inferior in appearance to the less 
incandescent individual who appears the 
paragon of dress and style, yet whose 
clothes would be hard to describe after 
having been seen? Because the second 
gentleman dresses in keeping with him- 
self and picks every part of his costume 
with regard to every other part. 



The bicycle design which is in keeping 
with the mechanical needs of a bicycle 
and whose every part conforms with 
every other part is the well executed de- 
sign. It may be plain. When in the form 
of a finished commercial article it may be 
bare of brilliant dude necktie effects 
sprinkled unstintingly over every part of 
its person, but when one sees it he recog- 
nizes its superiority and feels, without 
knowing why, that he is in the presence 
of the "real thing." 

Bicycle design to be artistic must be 
consistent. It must be simple. In de- 
signing some things; — posters and stained 
church windows — it is permissible to re- 
vel in the gaudy, giddy and glittering. In 
machine design one must stick to sim- 
plicity to gain lasting credit. 

There is a certain air of elegance that 
can be maintained in the most simple of 
machine designs. It can never be 
breathed through conglomerated masses 
of finicky truck. It is the foundation of 
high-grade appearance. The cheapest 
cottage erected by the most ignorant 
country carpenter may have the most 
filigree freckling its front. The cheapest 
sewing machine may be loaded with or- 
nate trappings. The cheapest bargain 
store bicycle may be equipped with a 
sprocket wheel of unparalleled orna- 
mentation. In fact, some of the cheaper 
grades of bicycles are so magnificently 
furnished with decoration that it may be 
honestly asserted that "Solomon in all 
his glory was not arrayed like one of 
these." Yet the really high grade, the 
truly genteel, bicycle may stand beside it 




glorying only in 
a plain coat of 
black, but claim- 
ing the attention, 
comment and fa- 
vor of the know- 
ing ones who 
pass. Its simplic- 
ity marks its high 
grade. Its design exerts through its con- 
sistency an influence which unappro- 
priate ornament would dispel. 

The secret (if it be a secret) of elegant 
and consistent bicycle design is the 
straight lines. Straight lines are the 
foundation of the engineer's art, because 
of the fact that in the beginning of 
mathematics is taught the axiom, "A 
straight line is the shortest distance be- 
tween two points." The axiom may also 
be stated, "A straight line is the shortest 
distance to simplicity." 

In such machine design as that of bicy- 
cles, strength must be coupled with 
beauty and beauty must have the appear- 
ance of strength. The distinction between 
pretty and beautiful is nowhere so appar- 
ent as here. Ornament may be pretty. 
Small bunches of decoration, little dabs 
of "gingerbread," may tickle the fancy of 
some in the same manner that a pretty 
face pleases. The plain and perhaps 
stern, severe beauty which looks strength 
enchants. In the bicycle business it per- 
mits the building of high-priced machines 
during low-price times. 

Design which depends entirely upon 
curves for its beauty and allows straight 
lines only of necessity never creates an 






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TtlLCYCA£/^(r£L, 



\ 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



145 






....For 



Quality and Price 



1900 ADMIRAL— $25.00 



WRITE US. 




March= Davis 
Cycle Mfg. I 

Co.... s? 



-CHICAGO 



riakers of 

Bicycles for the Jobbing Trade 

Exclusively 



5^ Our Large Output Enables Us to Give the Best Value Obtainable for the Honey. 

(iV ?w (<V nw (*w ?(V ?<v ?w 2>W fiV <iV ?(V <tw nw ov ow 

I Free! Free! Free! BIKE HOSE 



t 

% 
t 

t 

t 
t 
t 



THEY ARE 

DETACHABLE 
AND NO PART OF 

THE PANTS 




^iWpS 



Patented Oct. 19, 1897. 



GIVEN AWAY 



One pair with every pair of the '"High water" 

Adjustable Trouscr Cuffs 

A simple and practical device converting long trousers 
quickly into perfect fitting 

GOLF OR BICYCLE PANTS 

Protects trousers from becomiug shapeless or soiled from the chain, and pre- 
vents them from getting tangled or caught in the sprocket wheel. 

They are made of a large variety of cloths, in all up-to-date styles and shades, 
on one side with an elastic goring (to fit size of calf) and buttons on the other. 

By drawing pant legs up to about 21 inches below knee, adjusting cuff's, and 
leaving the drawn up part of trousers down again, lapping over cuff, you have a 
perfect pair of Cycle pants. These tiouser cuffs can also be used for lengthening 
regular Bicycle Pauts. 

TO INTRODUCE OUR TROUSER CUFFS thoroughly, we will send you a pair of them, 
WITH A PAIR OF BICYCLE HOSP, WHICH IS ABSOLUTELY FREE, PREPAID, for 
IN ORDERING, SEND MEASURE OF CALF OF LEO FOR SIZE. 



50c 



Catalogues and Electros free upon request. 



Agents wanted every where. 



HIQHWATER flFQ. CO. 



605-607 31st St., CHICAQO, ILL., U. S. A. 



It 



¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 
¥ 



146 



THE CYCLE AGE AND TRADE REVIEW 



impression of strength and rarely pos- 
sesses that requisite of successful ma- 
chine contruction. Design in which 
straight lines are adapted to the purposes 
of both beauty and strength, and in which 
curves, where necessary, are consistently 
applied, not only creates a favorable im- 
pression, but most generally deserves that 
favor. 

In bicycle construction the approxi- 
mate form of a frame has been reduced 
to a general standard. In a general way 
practice has shown that straight tubes 
are the most advantageous. Once in a 
while a freak uprises and declares for 
curved and otherwise bent tubes on the 
ground of vibration, "crystalization" and 
other vague sources of unrest, but the 
bulk of the trade sticks to the straight 
tube which connects in the shortest and 
most expeditious manner the several nec- 
essary points of a bicycle frame. 

However, the trade recognizes the 
straight line only partially. It is content 
that a straight side view of a bicycle 
frame show straight lines. Then it be- 
gins to put the blush to those lines by 
throwing into their company curves ga- 
lore and unnecessary; small curves; un- 
meaning curves; curves out of place; 
curves poorly wrought. 

The "line of beauty" as handed down 
from generation to generation as the 
primal principle of somebody's art may 
be a curve. Still, all curves are not beau- 
tiful. When a boy whittles a stick he 
generally cuts the end off as nearly round 
as he can. He does so because it is 
easier than it is to cut it square. The 
result is a curve and a very homely one. 
When a bicycle maker files up the corners 
of a frame connection he generally files 
them round for the same reason that 
prompted the action of the whittler. The 
result is a curve and a very hcmely one. 
Bicycle salesmen are prone to speak of 
their machines as appearing clean cut in 
design. What constitutes design which 
appears clean cut? Straight lines, sharp 
corners, good workmanship. 

Nearly every rear fork tube used in a 
modern bicycle is curved. Is it for 
beauty? Its appearance hardly justifies 
an afl[irmative answer. Curved rear forks 
are due to narrow treads. Narrow treads 
are right and necessary, but the multi- 
tude of poorly curved rear forks now in 
use are neither necessary nor right. 

Rear forks and stays to afford the 
maximum strength for a given