Skip to main content

Full text of "Cyrus Adams Sulloway (late a representative from New Hampshire)"

See other formats


Sttffi;' , .' l,! ' 




iii^'l^^Mv't'!,!/;;'^.'!!':;-.!:: ; .:■ 

■ ; ;m;; |,: i i, : ::i'l :^V'-i : i"'l'- ; i ■'.;■.'.-",» i !- ! ;(j'M'-'.. : i 





■i"i '!'';''■'■'■ ■ 





3d Session I y 

No. 1S49 


(Late a Representative from New Hampshire) 






Proceedings in the House 
April 28, 1918 

Proceedings in the Senate 
March 12, 1917 




o7 °* '*• 

DEC 24 %919 



Proceedings in the House 5 

Prayer by Rev. Henry N. Couden, D. D 7 

Memorial addresses by — 

Mr. Edward H. Wason, of New Hampshire 9 

Mr. Joseph G. Cannon, of Illinois 23 

Mr. Isaac R. Sherwood, of Ohio 28 

Mr. Frederick H. Gillett, of Massachusetts 31 

Mr. Charles E. Fuller, of Illinois 34 

Mr. David A. Hollingsworth, of Ohio 38 

Mr. Frank Clark, of Florida 42 

Mr. Charles H. Sloan, of Nebraska 44 

Mr. Sherman E. Burroughs, of New Hampshire 48 

Mr. William S. Greene, of Massachusetts 56 

Mr. Julius Kahn, of California 65 

Address by Rev. Samuel Russell, of Lawrence, Massachu- 
setts, at the funeral service 14 

Address by Hon. George C. Hazelton before the New Hamp- 
shire Association of the District of Columbia, May 14, 

1917 18 

Proceedings in the Senate 67 




Proceedings in the House of Representatives 

Monday, April 2, 1917. 

Mr.WASON. Mr. Speaker, it becomes my distressing duty 
at this time to announce to the House the sudden death 
of my colleague from New Hampshire, Hon. Cyrus Adams 
Sulloway, which occurred in the city of Washington on 
the morning of March 11 last. It is not my purpose at 
this time to utter words of eulogy consistent with his life 
and character and his many years of membership in this 
House. At some future day I shall ask the House to desig- 
nate a time when the membership of the House can attend 
to that solemn duty. At this time I move the adoption of 
(he following resolutions, which I send to the desk and 
ask to have read. 

The Clerk read as follows : 

House resolution 21 

Resolved, That the House has heard with profound sorrow of 
the death of Hon. Cyrus Adams Sulloway, a Representative from 
the State of New Hampshire. 

Resolved, That the Clerk communicate these resolutions to the 
Senate and transmit a copy thereof to the family of the deceased. 

The Speaker. The question is on agreeing to the reso- 

The resolutions were agreed to. 

The Speaker. The Clerk will report the remaining reso- 


Memorial Addresses: Representative Sulloway 

The Clerk read as follows: 

Resolved, That as a further mark of respect this House do now 

The Speaker. The question is on agreeing to the reso- 

The resolution was agreed to. 

Accordingly, in conformance with the resolution (at 
9 o'clock and 32 minutes p. m.), the House adjourned until 
to-morrow, Tuesday, April 3, 1917, at 12 o'clock noon. 

Saturday, April 20, 1918. 

Mr. Wason rose. 

The Speaker pro tempore. For what purpose does the 
gentleman from New Hampshire rise? 

Mr. Wason. For the purpose of offering a resolution set- 
ting aside Sunday, April 28, for memorial exercises in 
honor of the late Representative Sulloway, of New Hamp- 
shire. I move the adoption of the following order. 

The Speaker pro tempore. The Clerk will report it. 

The Clerk read as follows : 

Ordered, That Sunday, the 28th day of April, 1918, at 12 o'clock 
noon, be set apart for addresses on the life, character, and public 
services of Hon. Cyrus Adams Sulloway, late a Representative 
from the State of New Hampshire. 

The Speaker pro tempore. Without objection, it is so 

There was no objection. 

Saturday, April 27, 1918. 
The Speaker. The Chair designates Mr. Greene, of Mas- 
sachusetts, to preside to-morrow at the memorial services 
for the late Representative Sulloway. 


Proceedings in the House 

Sunday, April 28, 1918. 
The Chaplain, Rev. Henry N. Couden, D. D., offered the 
following prayer: 

God in heaven, whose glory shines round about us 
with ever-increasing splendor, and which discloses Thy 
wisdom, power, and goodness in every creative act, from 
the smallest grain of sand on the seashore to the farthest 
star that gilds the heavens; from the tiniest blade of 
grass to the most gigantic tree of the forest; from the 
most infinitesimal germ of life to man, the crowning glory 
of Thy creative acts, upon whom Thou hast bestowed the 
power of choice and thus dignified him as the architect 
of his own fortune, a stupendous responsibility; yet the 
evidence of Thy trust in him to meet the conditions of 
life and make for himself a character worthy of the high- 
est admiration. 

We meet here to-day, within these historic walls, to 
memorialize a man who for years was a conspicuous figure 
on the floor of this House. Striking in his personality; 
strong in his intellectual, moral, and spiritual endow- 
ment; rising ever to the full measure of every trust re- 
posed in him by his fellows; leaving behind him a record 
worthy of emulation. 

We mourn his going, and our hearts go out in the warm- 
est sympathy to those who knew and loved him; espe- 
cially to the daughter who looked to him for strength, 
guidance, comfort. May the heart inspire the words of 
his colleagues that his name may live in history, a beacon 
light to guide those who shall come after us. 

Comfort us all by the blessed hope of the immortality 
of the soul, and inspire us to live worthy of the blessings 
Thou hast bestowed upon us, and we will praise Thy 
Holy Name, in Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. 


Memorial Addresses: Representative Sulloway 

The Speaker pro tempore. The Clerk will read the 
special order. 
The Clerk read as follows : 

On motion of Mr. Wason, by unanimous consent, 

Ordered, That Sunday, April 28, 1918, be set apart for addresses 

on the life, character, and public services of Hon. Cyrus A. 

Sulloway, late a Representative from the State of New Hampshire. 

Mr. Wason. Mr. Speaker, several Members of the House 
who have signified their intention of speaking to-day are 
unable to be present. I ask unanimous consent that any 
Member who desires may extend or print in the Record 
remarks on the life and character and service of the late 
Representative Sulloway. 

The Speaker pro tempore. The gentleman from New 
Hampshire asks unanimous consent that Members desiring 
to do so may extend or print in the Record remarks on 
the life, character, and service of the late Representative 
Sulloway. Is there objection? 

There was no objection. 

Mr. Wason. Mr. Speaker, I offer the following resolution 
and move its adoption. 

The Clerk read as follows : 

Resolved, That the business of the House be now suspended that 
opportunity may be given for tributes to the memory of Hon. 
Cyrus A. Sulloway, late a Member of this House from the State of 
New Hampshire. 

Resolved, That as a particular mark of respect to the memory of 
the deceased, and in recognition of his distinguished public 
career, the House, at the conclusion of these exercises, shall stand 


Resolved, That the Clerk communicate these resolutions lo the 


Resolved, That the Clerk send a copy of these resolutions to the 
family of the deceased. 



Address of Mr. Wason, of New Hampshire 

Mr. Speaker: From my youth to the date of his death 
Cyrus Adams Sulloway was an acquaintance and a 
friend. That acquaintance and friendship covered a 
period of about 40 years. During that period I knew him 
as a resident and citizen of the county in which I was 
born and have since lived. I knew him as a member of 
our State legislature, as Congressman from the first New 
Hampshire district, and I knew him as a lawyer, both of 
us practicing in the same courts. 

He was born in Grafton, N. H., June 8, 1839, where his 
boyhood days were spent on his father's farm. In that 
town his early education was obtained in the public 
schools. Later, by his own industry and perseverance, 
with slight assistance from his parents, he was able to 
take a partial course of instruction at Kimball Union 

In 1863 he was admitted to the bar of New Hampshire, 
and a few months later went to Manchester, N. H., and 
began the practice of law, which he followed until March 
4, 1895, when he took his seat as a Representative in 
Congress from the first congressional district of his native 
State, which position by successive reelections he held, 
with the exception of two years (Mar. 4, 1913, to Mar. 4, 
1915), until the date of his death. 

In the early sixties, while he was studying law in 
Franklin, N. H., he three times voluntarily enlisted in 
the Union Army, three times determined and eager to 
defend his country; each time he was rejected by the 
Army surgeons owing to his physical condition. 


Memorial Addresses: Representative Sulloway 

The deceased Congressman was a self-made man. In 
early life his environments were humble but wholesome. 
He early in life was industrious and straightforward. 
These became Ids life characteristics. 

In that typical rugged country of central New Hamp- 
shire he early learned nature and developed a love for 
her picturesque hills and valleys, her bubbling, sparkling 
streams, her green fields, and her forests. There he 
learned to follow the winding brook with rod and line. 
This pastime was his favorite diversion from work and 
furnished sport through all the later years of his busy 

In his chosen profession, by industry and conscientious 
application to his work, and conscientious efforts for his 
clients, he soon established himself in a large practice 
and was recognized as an able, forceful advocate in the 
trial of cases. It could be truthfully said of him that 
during his 30 years of active practice of law a poor and 
needy but worthy person, unable to recompense him fully 
for his legal efforts and services, received the same care- 
ful attention, and perhaps greater attention, than did the 
person possessing means and financial ability. Money 
for services to be rendered was not the guiding star of 
his professional life. The guiding star in his profes- 
sion was justice — a star with brilliant luster radiating 
from a pedestal of justice. In his private office he would 
listen to the story of the poor and needy with care and 
patience, and later an opulent client might relate to him 
his story and receive only the degree of care and patience 
given to the humble and needy. 

For years he was a central figure in our trial courts; 
the spectators' seats of the court room would be filled 
with people eagerly listening to his advocacy of a client's 
cause to a jury. 


Address of Mr. Wason, of New Hampshire 

His dealings with members of his profession were frank, 
upright, and candid. His criticism of an opposing client 
and witnesses was unique, piercing, and merciless, yet free 
from personal malice. 

As a citizen he was kind, he was thoughtful, free from 
sham and demagog}-; he enjoyed and loved his neighbors 
and his people; and these tenets were reciprocated by all 
who knew him. 

As a member of the State legislatui-e he was unassum- 
ing, a forceful advocate and a potential force on the side 
of any measure that he espoused. During his five terms 
in that body he was recognized as a leader, a popular and 
strong member. I remember well a legislative contest on 
a very important matter which Mr. Sulloway was oppos- 
ing. The matter was being pressed for action. The op- 
ponents felt that a delay of a day or two would be to their 
advantage. The only way to prevent action on this par- 
ticular day was to occupy the time in argument. The 
opponents pressed Mr. Sulloway into action immediately. 
He secured recognition soon after 5 o'clock in the after- 
noon and talked continuously until 3 o'clock the next 
morning. About midnight, when the opponents as well as 
others were tired and hungry, he was informed that a 
lunch had been prepared at a certain place near the capi- 
tol. With a smile he told the members of the fact, and 
suggested that if they were hungry and not absent from 
the hall for more than two hours such absence would not 
prejudice their cause, as he would be unable to finish 
his speech within that time. When he finished, having 
spoken continuously for nearly 10 hours, he showed little 
or no sign of fatigue other than slight hoarseness. 

In Congress he soon became a tower of strength, and, 
true to the instincts of his early manhood, evidenced by 
his eagerness to enter the conflict in the Civil War, he 
espoused the cause of the veterans of that war and their 


Memorial Addresses : Representative Sulloway 

relatives. He analyzed their needs with such clearness, 
such force and integrity, that he became chairman of the 
Committee on Invalid Pensions, and retained that posi- 
tion for 12 years, until the Republicans lost control of the 
House of Representatives in 1911. It is proper for me to 
say that no veteran of that war or a member of his fam- 
ily who had a just cause for relief ever found a deaf ear 
in my former colleague. 

In a conspicuous place in the statehouse at Concord, 
N. H., is an oil painting, life-size, of the deceased Congress- 
man, procured through the efforts of members of the New 
Hampshire State Veterans' Association, by them pre- 
sented to the State, there to remain a token and a me- 
morial of their love and affection for him whose heart 
beat in sympathy with theirs, whose voice extolled their 
virtues, and whose efforts secured relief for them and 
their dependents. 

In public life he placed duty first. His friendships, his 
home cares or ties, were always subservient to his public 
activities in Congress, to which a faithful constituency had 
elected him 11 times. During the last days of his life it 
almost seemed that he had a premonition that his activi- 
ties would soon cease. What else could have impelled 
him three days before death to tell a personal friend and 
veteran of the Civil War that he was not afraid to die, 
that he sincerely regretted that his efforts for the veterans 
and their dependents must cease? To another personal 
friend, shortly before lapsing into a state of coma, he made 
certain requests for immediate attention to matters of 
interest to some of his constituents. 

From boyhood to death his life was one of faithful and 
earnest effort to duty; from a child until death his life 
was filled with charitable effort and thoughts; kindness 
was his jewel; charity his pearl; devotion to his loved 


Address of Mr. Wason, of New Hampshire 

ones, his constituents, and his colleagues in Congress was 
his diamond; justice was his earthly emblem of heaven. 

His large stature, in weight 280 pounds, in height 6 feet 
and 7 inches, was indicative of his very nature. His heart 
was proportionate thereof; it furnished room to share the 
sorrows of others. His large hand and long arm were 
ever ready to lighten the burden and ills of others. His 
busy life was never too busy to prevent his turning aside 
to alleviate suffering or soften grief. Above his states- 
manship, his power of speech, his humor, above his in- 
tense Americanism, shines the golden goodness and great- 
ness of his heart. He will be forever remembered for: 

That best portion of a good man's life; 
His little nameless, unnumbered acts 
Of kindness and of love. 

It was with sorrow that we learned of his sudden death. 
Personally we shall miss him more than words can ex- 
press. His district. State, Nation, and thousands of per- 
sonal friends have lost a true friend, a man in every sense 
of the word. In the words of Antony over Brutus : 

His life was gentle; and the eleihents 

So mixed in him that nature might stand up 

And say to all the world, " This was a man! " 

Obsequies of the Hon. Cyrus A. Silloway were held 
March 14, 1917, in the Franklin Street Congregational 
Church, of Manchester, N. H. He was buried in the fam- 
ily lot in Franklin, N. H. Thirty Members of Congress 
accompanied the body by special train from Washington. 
The church was incapable of furnishing standing room to 
the large throng of people who came to pay their last trib- 
ute to the deceased. Business was suspended in Man- 
chester — his home city — during the services at the church. 

The legislature, being in session, recessed. The gov- 
ernor, the governor's council, members of the senate and 


Memorial Addresses : Representative Sulloway 

house of representatives, and State officials attended in a 
body. Members of the Grand Army of the Republic and 
auxiliary orders were present; also members of the Elks 
and Knights of Pythias. The floral tributes were numer- 
ous and beautiful. 

The Rev. Burton W. Lockhart, of Manchester, N. H., 
conducted the funeral service, and the Rev. Samuel Rus- 
sell, of Lawrence, Mass., delivered the address, as follows: 

Milton says that " Death is the golden key that opens the palace 
of eternity." By a turn of that key, of which the great poet wrote, 
a unique and national figure has suddenly and unexpectedly 
stepped through the door of eternity into the realms of the un- 
seen. As we think of the great loss which the State of New 
Hampshire and the entire Nation has sustained by the exodus of 
this notable man, we are reminded of the words of King David 
at the grave of Gen. Abner, " Know ye not that there is a prince 
and a great man fallen this day in Israel? " These words of King 
David may be appropriately applied to New Hampshire's great 
Congressman, Cyrus A. Sulloway. 

Mr. Sulloway was great in his physical stature. He towered 
head and shoulders above many of his colleagues in Congress. 
He was doubtless one of the most picturesque and commanding 
figures among all the Nation's representatives at the Capitol. One 
can hardly think of Mr. Sulloway in connection with death. He 
was so alive, so vital and vigorous in action, in thought, and in 
word that he left the impression of eternal youth. Although he 
had nearly rounded out fourscore years he never seemed like an 
old man. His great physique seemed to be permeated with the 
elixir of perpetual youth. 

Mr. Sulloway was also great in his accomplishments. Like 
Abraham Lincoln, his boyhood and youth was spent on a farm, 
where he early learned to earn his bread by the sweat of his 
brow. We are told that the strongest trees are found not in the 
sheltered nooks but in the most exposed places, where sweeps 
the full fury of the storm; that the hardiest flowers grow not in 
the hothouse but on the mountain side, in close proximity to the 
glacier and the snow. Congressman Sulloway was not a hot- 
house plant. He grew up among the rugged peaks of the old 
Granite State; he breathed the air of the bleak hills and the up- 


Address of Mr. Wason, of New Hampshire 

lands, and he seemed to have imbibed the bracing atmosphere, so 
that his very presence was like a breeze from the mountains, in- 
spiring and invigorating. He came forth not from the lap of 
lnxury or the home of affluence, but from the humble home, 
where, if he had remained, he must necessarily have lived a cir- 
cumscribed life. But he was not satisfied to be a mediocre man. 
He was ambitious to make the most of life's opportunity and he 
was willing to pay the price which brings success. His struggles 
developed his strength, and the difficulties which he was forced 
to encounter quickened inventiveness and inspired resolution. 
He used the obstacles in his way as stepping stones and steadily 
climbed upward until he reached the National Capitol. There for 
20 years he served his constituency, and there he died at his post 
of duty, a true servant of the people he represented. 

To have achieved such success he must have had some great 
Qualities of heart and mind. Nature did much for him. He had 
a unique personality and great native ability; he had also a 
trained mind and an indomitable will and a great heart filled with 
love for his fellow man. He loved the " common folk " and was 
touched with the feelings of their infirmities. The " common 
folk " loved him and believed him to be sincere and transparent 
in all of his relations with them. One of the outstanding elements 
of greatness in this man was the natural and beautiful simplicity 
of his life. He lived the simple life; he cared nothing for the 
tinsel and veneer of the shallow social functions; he shrank from 
the court dress; he had no sympathy with the dilettante spirit of 
the age; he abhorred the make-up and the unreal. The great 
honor that his State and Nation conferred upon him did not in- 
flate him with pride and vain glory. There was nothing ostenta- 
tious about him; his very gentleness made him great in the eyes 
of his admirers. 

Mr. Sulloway was a man of tremendously strong convictions, 
and sometimes he was not overcareful to use the most elegant lan- 
guage to express his convictions. He spoke in no polished 
phrases; he had a style of delivery all his own; he was simply 
inimitable in his rugged phraseology. He had native wit and 
satire, and, with his dynamic personality, he poured into his 
audience an irresistible logic that won for him many loyal sup- 
porters. But, though a man of strong convictions which led him 
at times to make wounds in the ranks of his political opponents, 
he was nevertheless big enough to fight fair; he was never re- 


Memorial Addresses : Representative Sllloway 

vengeful nor unforgiving; he could be as tender as a babe, and as 
forgiving as a mother's kiss. 

Mr. Sulloway was very human. He was subject to like pas- 
sions as we. He doubtless made many mistakes, and who has 
not? He may not always have lived up to his ideals — neither 
have his critics lived up to theirs, unless their ideals are lower 
than we think they are. He has been misrepresented and libeled, 
and his shortcomings have been grossly exaggerated by unkind 
and ungracious people, who do not seem to be possessed of that 
love that thinketh no evil and that covereth a multitude of sins. 
In this they differ from the great man we eulogize to-day. 

He was always ready to throw the mantle of charity over the 
mistakes and shortcomings of his fellow men. I speak now from 
the viewpoint of one who has had an intimate acquaintance with 
him for a number of years. I have shared his hospitality and he 
has shared mine. I have slept in his bed and he has slept in 
mine. I have had quiet talks with him and I have looked through 
the windows of his soul, and I can say, without any reservation, 
that during all my acquaintance with him I have never heard him 
utter an unkind or an uncharitable word about anyone. He had 
a heart as tender as the heart of a child; his sympathy for the 
wayward and the prodigal was most beautiful; his purse strings 
were always open to the needy, and with the material help ren- 
dered was spoken the word of cheer and encouragement. 

I have seldom seen deeper springs of tenderness in any human 
being than in the great soul of our late Congressman. 

In the words of the poet, we voice our feelings: 

Now the laborer's task is o'er, 

Now the battle clay is past, 
Now upon the farther shore 

Lands the voyager at last. 
Father, in Thy gracious keeping, 
Leave we here our brother, sleeping. 

There the tears of earth are dried, 
There its hidden things arc clear, 

There the work of earth is tried 
By a juster Judge than here. 

Father, in Thy gracious keeping, 

Leave we here our brother, sleeping. 


Address of Mr. Wason, of New Hampshire 

Lay him gently down to rest, 
Folded hands o'er tranquil breast, 

Leave him there and do not weep, 

He was weary, let him sleep. 

The sympathy of the entire Nation goes out to his bereaved 
daughter, who was his idol and inspiration. May the Father of 
mercies and the God of all comfort, who comforteth us all in 
our tribulation, comfort her in this hour of her sorrow as she 
sits in the shadow of a great affliction. May the sweet memories 
of the loved father and the sympathy of thousands of friends, 
and the mute eloquence of these beautiful flowers and the con- 
solation of the gospel of God's dear Son all bring to her, to-day, 
messages of hope, and may the peace of God that passeth all 
understanding keep her heart and mind, through Christ Jesus. 

I wish to incorporate as a part of my remarks and to 
read the following poem written by a friend of the 


In Memoriam. 

to the hon. cyrus adams sulloway. 

Veteran statesman of the hills! 

Merrimack's tallest " pine " ! 
New Hampshire bows in grief 

Before death's bitter shrine. 

His service has been great, 

His willingness, still more; 
His influence was felt, 

We know, from shore to shore. 

His feet pursued the paths 

Of greatest good to man; 
His precepts were to do 

Each day the best you can. 

He towered high in form, 

And battled without fear; 
Within, his heart beat warm 

In lending aid and cheer. 

116937°— 19 2 [17] 

Memorial Addresses: Representative Sulloway 

We mourn our loss to-day; 

The triumphs he has won 
Will live in memory, still, 

Although his work is done. 

Ye statesmen of the hills I 

Ye rulers of our land! 
Ye now miss in him 

A strong and powerful hand. 

The light he shed still shines 

Upon our paths to-day, 
And, just across the borderland, 

We'll greet thee, Sulloway. 

— F. Edgar Buxton. 

Mr. Speaker, I close by reading a tribute to Congress- 
man Sulloway by former Representative George C. 
Hazelton, who represented a district in Wisconsin in 
this House in the Forty-fifth, Forty-sixth, and Forty- 
seventh Congresses, who was born in Chester, N. H. This 
address was delivered at a meeting of the New Hampshire 
Association of the District of Columbia on May 14, 1917, 
and is as follows: 

Mr. President and friends, we have assembled here as members 
of the New Hampshire Association to lay our votive garland upon 
the new-made grave of Cyrus Adams Sulloway and to join our 
hearts and voices in tribute to his memory. In paying this our 
tribute to him, we pay it not less to our native State. 

We were bound to him and he to us by a common tie of nativity 
and by his genial affiliations from time to time with our society. 

We shall never look upon his like again. He was typical of no 
man but himself — sui generis — the first and last of his dynasty. 

He was of the rugged cast of men in form, feature, and charac- 
ter, a modern Samson in physique, and as he walked the earth he 
towered above his fellows like as some tall peak that surmounts 
the Sierras. 

When he died the undertakers had to search three cities to find 
a casket large enough to receive his giant form, attired as when 
he stood upon the floor of Congress to advocate his favorite cause 
of the Union soldier. 


Address of Mr. Wason, of New Hampshire 

He was stricken down from his post of public duty just when 
our Government was about to enter the arena of international 
war, and when he was able to render valuable service in the 
councils of the Nation. 

He was far in advance of any of his contemporaries in the 
advocacy of State and National preparedness. He believed in the 
impressive power of a great Navy as a conservator of peace among 
the nations. As early as 1904, at the dedication of the soldiers' 
monument in my native town of Chester, where he received an 
ovation from many veterans of the Union Army, I heard him say, 
" Nations are born and nations are extinguished where armed 
men meet on fields of deadly conflict. I believe," he said, " that 
we should increase our Navy as rapidly as our revenues and ship- 
yards will permit, and the Army to at least 100,000 men." 

This, as we all know, is not the time or place to elaborate the 
story of his private or public life, but if you seek a knowledge 
of the original sources of his development in person and char- 
acter, you will find them well marked in the romantic regions 
that enveloped his early life, in the blood of the Anglo-Saxon that 
coursed in his veins, and in the sentiments, ambitions, and in- 
fluences which he imbibed from the social system of the New 
England States. 

He was an ardent lover of nature, and, until his eyelids closed 
in the sleep of death, he loved and cherished the romantic features 
of his native State — crystal lakes, mirrors of the skies; her 
mountain summits diademed with the snows of winter; and her 
mountain walls draped for half the year with scenes of tran- 
scendent beauty and of joy forever. Nor is this all. He was 
justly proud of her eventful history, civic triumphs, and ma- 
terial progress, and of that popular will that had kept him for 
more than a quarter of a century in the fields of his fondest 

I have heard it said, but I will not vouch for its authenticity, 
that the younger Tell when traveling with his father, the great 
archer, on the lower levels of Switzerland, growing tired of the 
monotony, said to his father, " I do not like these lowland plains; 
I'd rather dwell 'mid the avalanche." This goes to illustrate to 
some extent the sentiment that binds for life the mountaineer to 
his native mountain home. Sulloway was a fixture in his alle- 
giance to his birthright and his citizenship. If there were richer 
harvests to be gathered in fields beyond, they had no charms for 


Memorial Addresses: Representative Sulloway 

him. There is a fascination about this mountain life that is 
irrepressible. I heard it featured once in a memorial poem as it 
came from the lips of a native-born, home-loving, poet-preacher 
of New Hampshire who lived it out in love and peace in a life of 
threescore years and ten within a radius of 20 miles from the 
spot on the mountain side where he was born. 

It was on the 4th day of July, 1863, a day ever memorable for 
Union victories. It was at the centennial celebration of the town 
in New Hampshire where my mother and her immediate kindred 
were born and where our worthy president of this association 
first saw the light of day. The committee of arrangements had 
invited one of their native-born townsmen, who had arisen to 
distinction in a career outside the State, to return to his native 
heath and trace for them the history of a hundred years. 

Suiting his lines to the occasion, our poet said: 

While I honor the man who comes back with his laurels 

All blooming and fresh on the time-wrinkled brow, 
From the scenes of debate or national quarrel 

To blend with his kindred who follow the plow, 
I cherish, I love the true hero who lingers 

Life-long at the tomb where his fathers lie, 
While the time-god is writing with skeleton fingers 

Each scene on the heart as it fades from the eye. 
I love the ambition that hovers the nighest 

To the fount whence our earliest pleasures flow, 
Whose flight like the lark's is the surest and highest, 

While its home is unseen in the valley below. 

" Paint me as I am," said Cromwell to his limner. " When you 
shall these unlucky deeds relate, speak of me as I am," said 
Othello, " nothing extenuate nor set down aught in malice." 

He who speaks of our dead Sulloway just as he was at every 
stage and turn in life, whether in youth or at the bar, in the 
legislature or in Congress, is his best eulogist and his truest friend. 
He may then justly say of him that he was the physical type of 
a giant race of men; that he was endowed by nature with a well- 
poised brain, a brave heart, and a genial temperament; that after 
the manner of America's self-made men, he forged his way upon 
his own merit from lowly conditions to one of usefulness and 
fame; that he faced the world until death called him to leave it 
with an open countenance and an honest hand; that in the drama 


Address of Mr. Wason, of New Hampshire 

of life he was never known to play the part of a pretender to 
advance his private interests or to win public favor; that if he 
cares to dwell upon his faults or frailties incident to human 
nature, he will find them condoned by his deeds of love and gen- 
erosity, and he will find that many of the recipients of his 
princely charities still remain to bless his name and revere his 

The domain of his personal and political strength lay in the 
hearts of the common people, they who " wear their stars not on 
their breasts but in them." 

He was familiarly known throughout the State as " Gy Sullo- 
way," or " Cy " for short, not out of disrespect but as a term of 
endearment. His political friendship reached beyond party 
lines. I was in Manchester once at a general election when he 
was running for Congress, and I heard a stalwart Democrat say, 
" I am a Democrat, dyed-in-the-wool, never cut my ticket, but this 
time I've got to vote for ' Cy,' " and so he did. 

I shall do him no injustice when I say that he was not a fin- 
ished scholar. He did not claim it. His scholastic privileges were 
limited to the " little red schoolhouse " and a few terms at a 
New England academy. But he became an adept in that volume 
of human knowledge that was never taught and never learned in 
schools. Apropos to this, Farragut once wrote to his boy at col- 
lege, " Don't take too much time with your books; study men." 

I can not speak of him, either, as one learned in the law, as the 
phrase goes. He did not claim it. He had never practiced his 
profession in the Federal courts so far as I know, but at the bar 
of his State he was regarded as a safe counselor, was considerate 
in his charges, and served the poor as faithfully as he served the 
rich. He was an adroit manager of his cases, and in jury trials 
especially he was a successful and powerful advocate. 

I can not say, either, that in statecraft he came up to the level 
of such men in the history of the State and Nation as Langdon 
and Sullivan, Webster and Woodbury, John P. Hale and Gal- 
linger, but on the line of public service where he wrought he 
was equally faithful and equally efficient. He stands to-day at 
the head of all others in our national legislation in securing from 
the Treasury just needs of the American soldier, his widow and 
his orphans, and I am inclined to think that it is upon the strength 
of his devotion to this cause that his chances of remembrance 
along the lines of the future largely depend. 


Memorial Addresses : Representative Silloway 

Mr. President, in forming an estimate of our men in public life 
we are apt to gauge our judgment by our own political proclivities. 
Sui.loway was a Republican, and so am I. For myself, I could 
not pay him a higher tribute if I would. But if we apply the 
nonpartisan standard of public duty, that which goes to the gen- 
eral welfare, that which involves the integrity of our form of 
government as fashioned by the fathers, its coordinate powers, 
and the representative principle upon which it lives and moves 
and has its being, we shall find that in his fidelity to these es- 
sential principles of our national life he was as immovable as the 
granite hills. Partisan or nonpartisan, he stood foursquare for a 
tariff wall built up to high-water mark for the protection of 
American industries and American labor. He was for a navy 
large enough to police the navigable waters of the globe if need 
be to protect American commercial and treaty rights, and for an 
army adequate for the national defense and domestic peace, 
.fudge him, if you will, by any of these tests and you will find 
him an efficient and faithful public servant. 

This is my epitome of the dead man's life. He was born in my 
native State, of a loving New England mother, in an humble home 
where life was a struggle for existence, from which condition, 
unaided by the power of money or social influence, he made his 
way up against strong resistance to the zenith of his ambition in 
the American Congress, and died in the Nation's arms, and with 
stately obsequies she buried him as one of her worthy dead in 
his native earth beside his kindred dust, there to lest in peace 

Well may I say in the presence of his death and the pending 
crisis amid the nations of the earth, in the language of Byron: 

Between two worlds life hovers like a star, 

'Twixt night and morn upon the horizon's edge, 

How little do we know that which we are, 
How less what we may be. 

The eternal surge of time and tide rolls on 

And bears afar our bubbles, 
As the old burst new emerges, lashed from the foam of ages, 

While the graves of empires heave, but like some passing wave. 

Address of Mr. Cannon, of Illinois 

Mr. Speaker: I have listened with great interest to the 
remarks of the gentleman from New Hampshire (Mr. 
Wason). He has spoken of Mr. Sulloway's position in 
his native State and of his service for public welfare 
there and in Congress. The period covered by the life 
and active public service of our deceased colleague is the 
most important period in the history of the Republic since 
the achievement of our independence, followed in the full- 
ness of time by the adoption of the Constitution of the 
United States. Perhaps I may be pardoned if I say that 
Mr. Sulloway came here well equipped for his service in 
the National House of Representatives. He was efficient in 
the great struggle for the preservation of the Union, and 
efficient under the leadership of Lincoln in helping to 
mold public sentiment so that the Union was preserved, 
by force as well as by statesmanship; and then in a short 
time those who attempted to establish the Confederacy 
and those who preserved the Union were brought together 
again. Mr. Sulloway had courage in time of war, when 
force had to be resorted to, and courage after the war, 
courage as a Member of the House of Representatives. 

Ability crossed on cowardice is a curse. Ability crossed 
on courage is magnificent. 

The great majority of the people of the United States 
are in favor of a representative government, like ours, 
which gives time for thought, for information, for the 
cooling of passion, for safeguard against disruption by 
hasty and ill-considered revolution. Sometimes we boast 
that our Government more readily registers a change of 
public opinion than any other Government. That is not 
the case. Under our Government the Executive is chosen 


Memorial Addresses: Representative Sulloway 

for four years and is clothed with great power. Only by 
a two-thirds majority can we overrule the veto; and while 
in off years there may be a political revolution resulting 
in a change, temporary or permanent, in public opinion 
as registered at the ballot box, jet there can be no imme- 
diate change of policy unless the Congress, by a two-thirds 
vote in House and Senate, can overrule the veto and 
legislate, notwithstanding the objections of the President. 
In Great Britain, which in many respects is more purely 
a democracy than is the United States, I believe they 
have had three changes of government since the com- 
mencement of this great war. France, I think, has had 
four or five. Italy has had, I do not recall how many, but 
two or three. 

There is a more ready obedience to the weathervane of 
public opinion in Italy, France, and Great Britain than 
there is in the United States. Here a longer time is given 
to see whether a change of public opinion is real and per- 
manent. During the term of the Executive in time of 
peace we can have our strong contention, sometimes with 
fierce discussion and bitter partisanship, prior to the reg- 
istering of the will of the majority as to whether at the 
beginning of the next presidential term there shall be a 
change in the policies of the Government. So in times 
of peace we have been earnest, sometimes fierce, parti- 
sans in the United States, and very properly so; because 
while we differ as to policies, economic and otherwise, 
from time to time, yet we can survive whatever the opin- 
ion of the majority may be, although that majority may 
be mistaken, until it is reversed at subsequent elections. 
In the meantime the guaranty of the Constitution, like the 
grace of God, covers every citizen of the Republic. 

In time of war, under the Constitution of the United 
States, the Executive is clothed with what we call the 
war powers exercised by him under the Constitution. 


Address of Mr. Cannon, of Illinois 

It will be recollected that during the four years' struggle 
for the preservation of the Union those who sought to 
form a Confederacy were substantially united, and those 
who were responsible for the election of Abraham Lincoln 
were divided, about two-thirds for the use of force and 
about one-third against it. 

Abraham Lincoln the day the war began, or the first 
year and a part of the second year, might have said, as 
a war measure, " If you do not return to your allegiance 
to the Government I will, on the 1st day of January, 1863, 
as a war measure under the Constitution, free the slaves." 

But he did not do that. He wanted to preserve the 
Union. He took an oath to preserve the Union under the 
Constitution with slavery or without slavery, but to pre- 
serve the Union. 

Now the proclamation to free the slaves without legis- 
lation would not have been worth the paper upon which 
it was written had it not been that it had to be made 
good by force, and, thank God, it was made good, and I 
thank God in my old age that I have lived long enough to 
see but one sentiment between those who supported 
Lincoln and those who supported the Confederacy and 
their descendants to-day; we all thank God that under the 
leadership of that great President, that great man, when 
all the balance of us are forgotten, will stand through 
the milleniums as perhaps the greatest statesman that the 
world ever produced. 

In this period of the war we have an Executive. He 
will be our President until the 4th day of March, 1921, 
with such a war as we have and are participating in never 
before, so far as I know, equaled in the history of the 

It is a source of satisfaction to me that the Congress, 
the Senate and the House, chosen by the people by direct 
vote, this body being chosen every two years and one- 


Memorial Addresses : Representative Sulloway 

third of the other body chosen every two years, that 
substantially there is no center aisle — Republicans here 
and Democrats there. We are as a unit in this great 

Public opinion we must pay attention to. Many men of 
many minds require patience, information, patriotism 
in a government of the people in the United States, and 
in the fullness of time in the civilized countries of the 
world. We are patient. We may make mistakes. The 
Executive may make mistakes. There are some people 
who believe that he has made mistakes, and yet it would 
require two-thirds of the people to reverse the engine. 
I pray God that long before that time comes, if ever it 
comes under his leadership, supported by the Congress 
of the United States, this great war may come to an end 
by the overthrow of that great autocracy so efficient and 
so powerful which in my judgment seeks to dominate the 

I not only respected Mr. Sulloway, but I loved him. I 
was closely associated with him during stormy contests 
about policies. He was a great big man physically, a great 
big man mentally, a great big man patriotically, and there 
was no place where you could discover the white feather — 
honest in his convictions, courteous in maintaining them. 
He was always true to himself, true to the people whom 
he represented, and true to the best interests of the Re- 
public. The end has come to many during the present 
session of this Congress. Seven Senators, I believe, and 
about the same number of Members of the House have 
crossed over. How many more of us will cross over be- 
fore this war closes I know not. The average life of a 
generation is less than 40 years. We speculate — some do 
not, because they have great faith — as to the future; 
orthodox or heterodox, we do not agree entirely as to 
what is to become of us after we cross over. 


Address of Mr. Cannon, of Illinois 

No two men ever worship the same God, because God to 
each individual is according to his conception of God. Yet 
ours is the Christian religion, and the great mass of the 
people believe in the Christian religion. Some of us per- 
haps are not orthodox from some standpoint. Some are 
Unitarians, some believe in the Trinity, some have faith 
about this, that, and the other, differing but yet substanti- 
ally all charitable, thank God, and under our Constitution 
religious liberty is guaranteed. When I was a younger 
man I read a volume or two of Swedenborg— The Divine 
Love and Wisdom. He was a great man. He thought 
that after we departed this life we found the place which, 
under universal law, was most agreeable to us. He re- 
corded, in substance, " It was given to me to be caught up 
to the spiritual heaven, and I saw one who was accounted 
a saint on earth who, having died, demanded entrance 
into heaven; and the reply came that heaven was not 
denied to anyone, but on entering he fell down headlong." 
He got to that zone, so to speak, where he found the people 
with whom he agreed. 

Mr. Speaker, I shall be glad when the time comes for 
me to cross over if I can find the place where I shall dwell 
in eternity where Mr. Sulloway is to be found, and those 
of his kind. While our friend, Mr. Wason, was talking a 
short time ago, I made a few notes, and if I were to follow 
them clear through I would keep you here all of the after- 
noon. I shall close by saying may New Hampshire, one 
of the thirteen Colonies that helped to achieve our inde- 
pendence, that produced her Websters, her Gallingers, 
her Chandlers, her Hales, her Sulloways— may she always 
remain true as she has been true heretofore to the Repub- 
lic. Her contributions to the Republic have been great, 
and one of the contributors, and not the least, to this 
greatness was our late colleague, Mr. Sulloway. 


Address of Mr. Sherwood, of Ohio 

Mr. Speaker: Some 5,447 Congressmen have had voices 
and votes in this historic Chamber during the past 50 
years. Of this number only 22 served 20 years and over 
and 8 more will have served 20 years at the end of this 
Sixty-fifth Congress. 

In this remarkable group of long-service Members, serv- 
ing 20 years and over, our departed friend, Cyrus Adams 
Sulloway, ranks among the first in point of efficient serv- 
ice and patriotic achievement. As chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Invalid Pensions in seven Congresses, or 14 
years as financial guardian of the veterans of the Civil 
War, Mr. Sulloway carried out in letter and spirit the 
patriotic utterance of President Lincoln in his last inau- 
gural address, caring for those who in that awful crisis 
bore the brunt of battle in a four-year war, and their 
widows and orphans. Hence " Cy " Sulloway was re- 
garded a revered benefactor and his name was a house- 
hold word of affection and gratitude in every war-stricken 
home in the entire country. 

While it may be true that length of service in the Con-' 
gress may not be the exclusive gauge of merit or ability, 
the standard of estimate is true when the beneficiary has 
held his high place by fidelity to the best ideals and in 
patriotic achievement. Apply this test to Cyrus Sullo- 
way, and his record of achievement places him among 
the most meritorious of all that array of Congressmen 
who have lived official lives in this Chamber during the 
past half century. 

And it is a mooted question whether one-half of all the 
5,447 Members of Congress who served on this floor dur- 
ing the past half century did not leave Congress with 


Address of Mr. Sherwood, of Ohio 

less valid reputation than when the}' entered this often- 
called Hall of Fame. That congressional life plays havoc 
with many untoward and ill-grounded ambitions is forci- 
bly illustrated in the following tragic record: 

Of the 391 Members of Congress who took the oath of 
office in the first session of the Sixty-second Congress, 
1911, only four belonged to the House in 1891, or 20 years 
previous — Joseph G. Cannon, of Illinois; Sereno E. Payne, 
of New York; Henry H. Bingham, of Pennsylvania; and 
John Dalzell, of Pennsylvania. 

That accomplished scholar and profound student of 
American history, Dr. Elva Stanwood Alexander, LL. D.. 
in a valuable book issued in 1916, discussing the often 
too frequent changes in membership in Congress, says: 
" The House, like the heathen goddess, devours its own 
children. The rapidity with which the process goes on is 
a bit startling. The average service of a Member is less 
than six years." 

Although New Hampshire, the birthplace and home of 
" Cy " Sulloway, is one of the smallest States in the 
Union in area and population, ranking as the fortieth in 
population, it has furnished many distinguished states- 
men and scholars to our honor roll, notably Daniel Web- 
ster and William E. Chandler; and one of the most pa- 
thetic and musical gems of poetic literature in the Eng- 
lish language was written and sung by a soldier of New 
Hampshire, Walter Kittredge, of Reeds Ferry. He wrote 
and sung Tenting To-night On the Old Camp Ground; 
and one of my earliest memories of impulsive enthusiasm 
was in 1845, when I heard, as a barefooted boy, in the 
open air, one starlit August night, the famous Hutchinson 
family of New Hampshire sing to the accompaniment of 
the bells the song of emancipation. Sixteen years later 
the same family sang the songs of the Civil War amid the 
enthusiastic plaudits of the Boys in Blue around the 


Memorial Addresses: Representative Sulloway 

gleaming bivouac fires in the camps of the Army of the 

The political career of " Cy " Sulloway is rarely excep- 
tional. His whole career was marked by fidelity to duty 
and courageous honesty. Let not this occasion pass 
without gathering a lesson of value to the living, espe- 
cially to the young men of to-day who, like our departed 
friend in his youth, are struggling against what seems 
adverse fate. 

The brightest gleam of hope for the young man of 
to-day is in the knowledge that the greatest statesmen 
who have ever shone in the high places of influence and 
power in this Republic were born poor and with limited 
opportunities for education. 

On this sacred Sabbath day, in this historic Chamber, 
let us consecrate ourselves to that fervent and all- 
absorbing patriotism, that high purpose to serve the 
people we are honored to represent, with the fidelity 
which characterized our departed friend. 


Address of Mr. Gillett, of Massachusetts 

Mr. Speaker: One of the saddest features of our life, 
no matter where it is cast, is the constant breaking up 
of friendships. Wherever we dwell, that is inevitable. 
It comes from death, it comes from change of residence, 
from change of habit, sometimes from violent differences 
of opinion, but I think of no place a man's lot could be 
cast where that happens more incessantly than it does 
to one who is long a Member in this House. The con- 
stant change of membership from session to session is 
forever interrupting our friendships and breaking off 
intimacies which have contributed greatly to our happi- 
ness. When Mr. Sulloway first came to Congress I was 
here. Yet to-day there are only a half dozen who were 
here then. During that time how many hundreds of men 
have come here and passed on with whom I have made 
acquaintance, even intimate and enjoyable friendships, 
I could not enumerate. Many men came for one term 
only, many for only two, and there are very few whose 
own will unites with the will of their constituents to make 
this their permanent occupation, although I think that ten- 
dency is growing. When I first came here the sessions of 
Congress did not occupy, on the average, half the year, and 
a Member expected to carry on also his private business. 
Now it absorbs practically all one's time, with the result 
that it has become a permanent and engrossing profes- 
sion. I remember well, as anyone would, Mr. Sulloway's 
first appearance here, for he was a man whom to see was 
to remember. I suspect anyone in the gallery looking 
down upon the floor of the House would always point 
him out as one of the few men about whom curiosity 
would be excited. His prodigious height, his great bulk 


Memorial Addresses : Representative Sulloway 

of body, his unconventional appearance, attracted atten- 
tion and made of him a marked man. And this extraor- 
dinary appearance did not mislead, because he was an 
extraordinary man. 

I can not pretend that I was ever one of his intimates, 
although wc were here together for 20 years, but it did 
not happen that our congressional lives ran at all in the 
same channel. You know our intimacies here are apt to 
be formed through committee work or from interests 
along the same lines or from the accidents of social life. 
It was, I presume, by chance that Mr. Sulloway's appoint- 
ment to a certain committee led him to that line of work 
where he became so eminent and so useful, and which 
I think was in accord with his whole disposition, because 
that great frame and body of his held a great heart. 
He was full of human sympathy, and the committee on 
which he served was one which constantly appealed to 
that very element in a man's life, for it was his duty to 
constantly read over the appeals and the history of men 
who had volunteered to risk their life for their country 
and going back into civil life had suffered hardships and 
illnesses which brought their needs before his committee. 
He had to study these accounts of human suffering which 
would appeal to anyone, but which particularly would 
appeal to one of his warm and sympathetic disposition. 
So it seems to me his life here by the accident of com- 
mittee appointment was spent largely along just the lines 
that he would gladly have originally selected. It was 
spent in giving relief to human suffering, in rendering 
justice to the men who had risked their all for their coun- 
try, and in that way his whole career was a constant 
benediction to his fellow men. He was a man who was 
singularly modest and retiring in his conduct on this floor, 
because it was very seldom that he participated actively 
in the debates of Congress. 


Address of Mr. Gillett, of Massachusetts 

It was through no lack of ability, because when he did 
take a part he did it with a vigor and a power which al- 
ways attracted attention and appreciation. They say great 
bodies move slowly, and it was perhaps on that account 
that he seemed somewhat lethargic and slow in taking 
part in congressional activity; or perhaps it was because 
of the native modesty of the man. He never put himself 
forward. It was our misfortune that he did not more 
often exercise that great power of speech which he pos- 
sessed, and which, when he did display it, always attracted 
an admiring audience. But I presume he felt as a great 
majority of men in the House feel, that their line of work 
runs along the line of their committee duties, and his 
committee work chanced to be of a kind which did not 
call upon him for debate, but did call upon him for con- 
stant, assiduous, industrious labor. 

It was in that way, it seems to me, that he contributed 
most to the efficiency of Congress; not by any parade, not 
even by the display of qualities which we should have 
liked to see oftener, but by quiet, modest, indefatigable 
labor in giving to the retired soldiers of the United States 
that care and attention and benefaction which he so 
deeply felt they deserved. He was a man of most decided 
and unswerving and outspoken convictions, one whom 
you could always depend on to do his duty, and who 
would never attempt to shirk or dodge. Indeed, he had a 
courageous and outspoken scorn for the trimmer. No 
man could serve with him without feeling the warm 
heart, the depth of sympathy, the generosity of tempera- 
ment which characterized his whole career here, and 
those of us who served with him lament, in his departure 
from us, a warm-blooded friend and a most useful public 

116937°— 19 3 [33] 

Address of Mr. Fuller, of Illinois 

Mr. Speaker: When I first came to Congress, at the com- 
mencement of the first session of the Fifty-eighth Con- 
gress, I first met the Hon. Cyrus A. Sulloway, who was 
then the chairman of the Committee on Invalid Pensions. 
I was appointed a member of that committee, and during 
all of my service and all of his service, down to the date 
of his death, I served with him on that committee. I thus 
came to know him well and we became the best of friends. 
I had the highest regard for his many good qualities of 
head and heart. There was not a particle of affectation 
or pretense about him. He always stood foursquare to 
the world. He was honest and sincere himself and had 
little patience with anyone who was not so. 

He was a friend of truth, of soul sincere; 

In action faithful, and in honor clear; 

Who broke no promises, served no private ends, 

Sought no title and forsook no friends. 

One always knew exactly where to find him. He talked 
little, but always to the point, and there was no misunder- 
standing as to his position on any question on which he 
expressed himself. If all Members of the Congress were 
like him in that respect it would take much less time in 
which to transact the necessary business. I think he had 
the respect of every Member of the House, and his sudden 
death was a distinct shock, especially to those who knew 
him best. He was preeminently the soldier's friend, and 
the old soldiers of the Civil War, their widows and or- 
phans, never had a better or truer friend in Congress 
than Uncle Cy. Sulloway. In season and out of season 
he labored in their behalf. He firmly believed that the 


Address of Mr. Fuller, of Illinois 

country owed a debt of gratitude for the services of the 
old veterans for which they could never be fully compen- 
sated, and that the least the country could do for them 
was to see that none suffered in their old age for the nec- 
essaries and ordinary comforts of life. 

In the granting of pensions he was impatient of fixed 
rules, and believed and insisted that every case coming 
before his committee should be acted upon according to 
its merits, in which the service rendered and the needs of 
the proposed beneficiary should be the governing factors. 
Mr. Sulloway was a giant in stature, and his heart was 
as great in proportion. A kinder-hearted man never 
lived. His name will be held in kindest remembrance so 
long as an old soldier of the Civil War lives, and by his 
host of warm personal friends who from intimate ac- 
quaintance learned to admire and appreciate him for his 
many good qualities and kindly acts. 

If stores of dry and learned lore we gain, 

We keep them in the memory of the brain. 

Names, things, and facts, whate'er we knowledge call, 

There is the common ledger for them all. 

And images on this cold surface traced 

Make slight impressions and are soon effaced. 

But we've a page more glow r ing and bright, 

Whereon our friendships and our loves to write, 

That these may never from the soul depart, 

We trust them to the memory of the heart. 

There is no dimming, no effacement there; 

Each new pulsation keeps the record clear. 

Warm, golden letters all the tablets fill, 

Nor lose their luster till the heart stands still. 

The grim reaper has been unusually busy with the 
Members of the Sixty-fifth Congress, and that fact brings 
us all to the realization that life is fast fleeting away, and 
as the shadows lengthen we find that we are — 


Memorial Addresses : Representative Sulloway 

A little more tired at close of day, 
A little less anxious to have our way; 
A little less ready to scold and blame, 
A little more care of a brother's name; 
And so we are nearing the journey's end, 
Where time and eternity meet and blend. 

A little more love for the friends of youth; 
A little less zeal for established truth; 
A little more charity in our views, 
A little less thirst for the daily news; 
And so we are folding our tents away, 
And passing in silence at close of day. 

A little less care for bonds and gold, 
A little more zest in the days of old; 
A broader view and a saner mind, 
A little more love for all mankind; 
And so we are faring adown the way 
That leads to the gates of a better day. 

A little more leisure to sit and dream, 

A little more real the things unseen; 

A little nearer to those ahead, 

With visions of those long loved and dead; 

And so we are going, where all must go, 

To the place the living may never know. 

Mr. Sulloway was an intensely patriotic man in the 
best and truest sense of the word. He loved this country 
and was proud of its achievements in the past, and gloried 
in its growth and prosperity and its consistent stand for 
the liberties of all mankind. If he were alive to-day, 
there is no shadow of doubt as to where he would stand 
on the great war in which the country is now engaged. 
He hated with all the earnestness of his strong nature ail 
manner of despotic or autocratic government, and the 
administration, regardless of party politics, would have 
had in him a strong supporter of all measures calculated 
to bring victory to our cause and lasting defeat to the 


Address of Mr. Fuller, of Illinois 

Central Powers in their attempt to rule the world hy 
frightfulness and brute force. Just before we entered the 
war his voice was stilled in death, but if men do live after 
what we call death, as I believe they do, his spirit is 
watching the great conflict, supremely confident that the 
outcome can only be the final end of autocratic govern- 
ment on earth and the eternal victory of right, justice, and 
free government among men. Wherever his spirit is to- 
day, I know that he cordially joins with all patriotic 
Americans in the sentiment expressed by the poet: 

Thou, too, sail on, O Ship of State! 
Sail on, O Union, strong and great! 

Humanity with all its fears, 

With all the hopes of future years, 
Is hanging breathless on thy fate! 

We know what Master laid thy keel, 
What workman wrought thy ribs of steel, 
Who made each mast, and sail, and rope, 

What anvils rang, what hammers beat, 

In what a forge and what a heat 
Were shaped the anchors of thy hope! 

Fear not each sudden sound and shock, 
"Lis of the wave and not the rock; 
'Tis but the flapping of the sail, . 
And not a rent made by the gale! 
In spite of rock and tempest roar, 
In spite of false lights on the shore, 
Sail on, nor fear to breast the sea! 
Our hearts, our hopes, are all with thee, 

Our hearts, our hopes, our prayers, our tears, 

Our faith triumphant o'er our fears, 
Are all with thee — are all with thee! 


Address of Mr. Hollingsworth, of Ohio 

Mr. Speaker: I first met Mr. Sulloway on the day of 
the organization of the Sixty-first Congress, when I stood 
near him before the Speaker's desk waiting to be sworn 
in as a Member. His massive form was so striking and 
impressive that it arrested the attention of new Members 
like myself, and I shall never forget the impression it 
made upon me. He had then been in Congress 12 years 
and, although of modest mien and unpretentious, I nat- 
urally looked upon him not only as a physical giant but 
as a wise counselor, both in experience and mental equip- 
ment. Subsequently I learned by association that my 
first impressions were correct and that his sage-like ap- 
pearance indicated the real man in him. His cordial 
handclasp on introduction won me at once, and I ever 
afterwards in his presence felt a glow of friendly admira- 
tion. He seemed to me, in character and manliness, like 
the sturdy granite of his native State, and his friendship 
certainly proved of that type to me. 

Coming over to where I was sitting a few days after 
the House was organized but before the standing com- 
mittees were announced, he remarked: "I see you wear 
the G. A. R. button and hope you will be put on the Invalid 
Pensions Committee. We need you." It turned out as 
he suggested, and I had two years of pleasant service on 
that committee with Mr. Sulloway as chairman. 

I learned from him his modest but effective method of 
dealing with pension legislation, particularly special bills 
to grant or increase individual pensions, and, as a result, 
when the score of that Congress closed I had secured 
more special acts for deserving soldiers of my district 
than any other Member of the House, not excepting Chair- 
man Sulloway himself, and when I called to bid him 


Address of Mr. Hollingsworth, of Ohio 

good-by and thank him for the interest he had taken in 
me as a new Member he good-naturedly congratulated 
me on my success, saying I had been one of the aptest 
students he had ever known along that line, and that my 
soldier constituents ought to be gratified at the work I 
had done for them. So they were, but they did not know 
how much of my success I owed to the friendly advice and 
assistance of my good mentor and friend, Mr. Sulloway. 

I never expected to see him again. A slip, in the nature 
of a Democratic landslide, at the election in 1910, had left 
me out of the Sixty-second Congress and, being of the 
Middle West, and Mr. Sulloway of New England, our 
paths were not likely to again cross each other. A de- 
cided political jolt in 1912 also left both of us out of the 
Sixty-third Congress and our separation seemed final, 
but at the election in 1914, the wave of political unrest 
having begun to recede, we were both reelected and came 
back to the Sixty-fourth Congress to renew a friendship 
which was to continue steadfast and cordial until the 
angel of death touched him and he was called to his 

Naturally, therefore, I can not let this opportunity pass 
without placing upon his bier one little chaplet of love 
and remembrance. 

Others, like his former colleague [Mr. Wason], who 
knew him in his home life, knew him where State honors 
and local distinctions were his, knew him before he came 
to Washington, and were more fortunate than I in long 
association with him in youth and in the maturity of man- 
hood, have spoken at length of his virtues, his lovable 
character, his broad humanity and universal love of his 
fellow men, coupled with lofty patriotism and love of 
country, and each and every sentence and thought ex- 
pressed, or which may be expressed on this occasion, has 
and will find in my own heart an echo and an abiding 


Memorial Addresses : Representative Sulloway 

place. He was to me an ideal manly man, sincere and 
true. As a Member of the House he was able and active, 
although his seeming modesty in speech kept him from 
seeking to enter the so-called charmed circle of the " talk- 
ing few." 

Perhaps his most distinguishing characteristic was his 
intense loyalty and absolute love of justice and fair deal- 
ing. He was incapable of wronging any man, friend or 
foe. His loyalty to country during the Civil War led him 
early to seek service in the Union Army, but his physical 
condition was such at that time and during the war that 
this privilege was denied him, but this very denial seems 
to have made him more thoughtful of those in the serv- 
ice, and I am told he devoted his time and energies dur- 
ing the war largely to civic duties connected therewith, 
demonstrating the fact that in war there are civic heroes 
as well as military heroes, each deserving the highest 
commendation of their fellow countrymen. After the 
war his interest and friendship for the " boys in blue " 
continued, and, it is said, grew stronger and stronger as 
their years and increasing infirmities rendered them more 
and more proper objects of bounty from the great Govern- 
ment they had saved from destruction. So marked was 
this trait in his character that long before I knew him he 
had become known from one end of the country to the 
other in Grand Army circles as " Cy. Sulloway, the sol- 
diers' friend." 

As a legislator in pension matters he did not believe in 
the trivial technicalities which often bar needy soldiers 
and their dependents from receiving just assistance. He 
was old enough to remember the recruiting promise of 
every recruiting officer sent out by the Government in 
the sixties, that no volunteer soldier or his family should 
ever be permitted by the Government to come to w r ant; 
and this promise, in Mr. Sulloway's mind, was a continu- 


Address of Mr. Hollingsworth, of Ohio 

ing obligation, as binding as if written into the statutes 
like the present war relief measures. His big heart was 
also big enough to occasionally overlook in the Army 
records boyish delinquencies where no treasonable act or 
moral turpitude was involved, such as overstaying a leave 
of absence or being marked a deserter by mistake. As 
chairman and member of the Invalid Pensions Commit- 
tee, he acted upon this theory; and often a needy but 
deserving soldier wondered, as he thought of some small 
blot on his Army record, just how his bill happened to get 
through the committee, while one not so needy or possibly 
not so deserving, comfortably fixed in this world, won- 
dered at his own failure to receive as much as he thought 
the Government owed him. But Sulloway knew. His 
intuition was keen, and he readily recognized the differ- 
ence between need and greed. He remembered the re- 
cruiting promise of the Government to care for the needy 
soldier, his widow and orphans, and in doing this his 
big heart and just mind led him at times to cut out the 
red-tape sacredness of Army records, often made up by 
an incompetent company sergeant or minor official. In 
this he showed a nobility of soul too rare in the public life 
of to-day; a justness of comprehension too often criticized 
by small minds. He was a friend of God's poor, and as 
such left many footprints on the sands of time. Requi- 
escat in pace. 


Address of Mr. Ci.ark, of Florida 

Mr. Speaker: I shall take the time of the House now to 
say only a word or two. When I came to the House nearly 
14 years ago I met Mr. Sulloway and was very much 
struck with his appearance when I first met him. I was 
fortunate enough after that time to live with him in the 
same hotel for a considerable period of time. I came to 
know him well. I never in my life have seen a man of 
such magnificent stature and such great brain power who 
was so meek and mild and almost childlike in his affec- 
tions and friendships. I had occasion to know Mr. 
Sulloway, because I talked with him a great deal, and 
I regarded him as a man of wonderful ability. Yet he 
was the most unostentatious, modest man I think I ever 
knew. When his death was announced I felt that I had 
lost, and I had lost, a personal friend. 

When I first came to Congress I represented 19 coun- 
ties in the State of Florida, most of them lying along the 
eastern coast of the State, populated very largely by Fed- 
eral soldiers and their widows. This, of necessity, in- 
volved me in a good deal of pension work. On every 
occasion when I went to Mr. Sulloway I found him sym- 
pathetic and kind, and he always gave me the assistance 
that I needed. As a new Member of Congress I relied 
upon him absolutely in all pension matters, and fre- 
quently sought his advice in other matters, and he never 
failed me. He was a great man, and I say that with due 
consideration. Since I have been here I have seen many 
great men in this House — men of broad vision, men of 
great intellect, men of wonderful accomplishments. Mr. 
Sulloway easily ranked with those men, in my judgment. 
When he died a giant fell. Not only New Hampshire but 
the Nation was the loser by his death. I grew not only 


Address of Mr. Clark, of Florida 

to admire him but to feel a very close affection for him. 
This House is one place where the measure of a man is 
not only soon taken but it is accurately taken. Mr. 
Sulloway's measure was taken and he occupied a high 
place in the estimation of his colleagues. He was high- 
minded, noble, and true, and not only New Hampshire 
but the Republic was made poorer when he left us. God 
bless his memory. 


Address of Mr. Sloan, of Nebraska 

Mr. Speaker: Brief shall be my uttered thoughts in con- 
templating the life, career, and death of this eminent New 
Englander, whom I met some time after coming to Con- 
gress. Several who have paid their tributes told of meet- 
ing Representative Sulloway when they first came to 
Congress. I saw him, but met him considerably later. 
His personality attracted me. Standing here among his 
fellows as one of the proud Lebanon cedars, I sought not 
to touch the form; but long before the conclusion of my 
first term I sat within the shade of this giant tree and 
enjoyed the fruits of companionship that arose between 
the mountaineer of New England, old in statesmanship, 
and the young man of the plains, just entering the 

There have been some very interesting remarks of a 
personal character this afternoon, more than are usual on 
such occasions. Statistics have been resorted to on this 
particular occasion more than on others. Perhaps it is 
because of the greater necrology of this Congress. Many 
have passed away, and the term has little more than half 

In thinking of the number who have gone over, one fact 
has been overlooked by those of longer service. I am 
reminded of it by what has been said by every speaker 
to-day referring to the prominence of Mr. Sulloway in 
his service on behalf of the Civil War soldier. Of the 433 
Members of this body, old or young in service, where once 
perhaps two-thirds of the membership had worn in battle 
time the blue or the gray, to-day there are but five who 
met in battle more than 50 years ago. At the head of 
those who wore the blue is Gen. Isaac R. Sherwood, who 
has passed his fourscore years and still is, like Sulloway 


Address of Mr. Sloan, of Nebraska 

was, a giant. Well might we say of the men who lived 
and legislated 20 years ago, as was said of old, " There 
were giants in those days." By his side is the other Mem- 
ber from Ohio, Gen. Hollingsworth. Added to that num- 
ber, I believe, there is but one more, Mr. Osborne, of Cali- 
fornia. Of those who struck for the then projected nation 
there are but two, Maj. Stedman, of North Carolina, and 
Gen. Estopinal, of Louisiana, or five in all. There is an- 
other important statistical fact showing how brief is this 
life and how little control we have over it. Here is the 
greatest law-making body on earth, the most ingenious 
contrivance for legislation in the world. Here we come 
nearer expressing the will of the greatest and most intelli- 
gent people on earth, and yet how absolutely helpless are 
we against the decrees which are constantly calling us 
away. " Death's hand no man can stay," and Congress 
and Parliament are composed of men. 

It is a thought which should be expressed that our 
friend Sulloway died not yesterday, not last month, but 
nearly 14 months ago. But, notwithstanding the lapse of 
time, there are those among us who formed friendships 
with him that have impelled us to come here and pay our 
tributes, although many men consigned to their tombs are 
forgotten before a dozen suns have rolled. It is an espe- 
cial tribute that old Members of this House and others 
have come and sat through these two hours and listened 
to the observations that have been made upon the life, 
character, and well-deserved fame of Mr. Sulloway. 

He was a man of courage, a man of conviction, advo- 
cated fearlessly his cause, and never forsook a friend. 
Thus several times has it been remarked that he seldom 
spoke. Yet all who knew him recognized his command- 
ing ability with juries, on the stump, and here in this Hall. 
In debate he had a lion's strength, but, like the lion, he 
seldom exerted the lion's strength. 


Memorial Addresses : Representative Sulloway 

He was not like some great New Hampshire men born 
in that State, educated in the Granite State, who went 
elsewhere for their careers. He was born there; he lived 
there; he rose in stature physically, professionally, and 
politically as Mount Washington rises above its fellows 
in the range. For the brief time he was absent from this 
Hall, when the membership looked about for the New 
Hampshire men it was said that the White Mountains 
were here but Mount Washington was absent. 

Telemachus said, " It is ever wrong to say that a good 
man dies." I will follow that rule by simply saying that 
the New Englander has passed. His life, of course, is 
passed, but, in common with all humanity, his deeds will 
live as deeds of all mankind will survive, as influences 
and causes for good or ill. In his case, I believe, in the 
family of which he was a part, in the community in which 
he resided, in the State which he honored, and the Nation 
which he served, his acts and counsel were all for the 
good. They will be preserved through the years and 
decades. New Hampshire granite has been transported to 
every State in this Union. Shafts of its enduring quality 
stand at the head of the graves in every State of the Union 
and every country on the continent. Upon those shafts 
there may be inscribed epitaphs embodying the inspira- 
tion of the poet and the wisdom of the greatest philoso- 
phers and sages, but I believe that deeper in American 
hearts and memories there will be the enduring deeds of 
Cyrus Sulloway than can be traced on these granite 

A story once I read like this : 

I wrote my name upon the sands. When I returned the flood 
and ebbing tides had wiped out every trace that I had made. I 
then carved it upon the enduring granite. Years thereafter I re- 
turned to find that a lightning bolt had destroyed that granite 
shaft. Then I traced it upon enduring bronze. Years thereafter 
I returned. An earthquake had rent the base of that bronze and 


Address of Mr. Sloan, of Nebraska 

it lay buried under drifting dust and sand. I learned the lesson 
that if I would write my name where it would endure I would 
write it upon the hearts of men. 

So, instead of on granite shaft or bronze monument, 
Cyrus Sulloway has his name written upon the hearts 
and memories of his fellow men. From New England to 
Florida, from Florida to California, wherever Grand 
Army of the Republic members are, and wherever their 
widows and orphans survive, his name is known and 
revered as the soldier's friend. 


Address of Mr. Burroughs, of New Hampshire 

Mr. Speaker: We arc gathered here to-day in this 
historic Chamber, the meeting place of the lower branch 
of the greatest legislative body in the world, to pay 
tribute to the memory of one who rose from an humble 
station to a prominent place in this great body, where he 
served for 20 years with great credit and distinction. He 
died " in the harness " in the service of his country. In 
the closing hours of the Sixty-fourth Congress, with day 
and night sessions on March 2 and 3, he contracted a 
severe cold which developed into pneumonia, and despite 
the pleading of his colleagues he refused to leave the 
Chamber day or night. He said : " There are many bills 
coming up here in these closing hours that are of national 
import; a few of them are measures that politically cut 
both ways. I am going to stay on the job, for I am not 
afraid to meet these questions, and I am not going to give 
anybody a chance to say I was a ' quitter.' " 

This was typical of the character of Hon. Cyrus Adams 
Sulloway, Representative in Congress from the first New 
Hampshire district, from the day, as a young man, he 
walked barefooted 14 miles from Grafton, N. H., his 
birthplace, to Franklin, to enter the law office of the late 
Hon. Austin F. Pike, one of the famous attorneys of New 
Hampshire of that long-ago period. Mr. Sulloway was 
born in Grafton, N. H., on June 8, 1839. He passed away 
early Sunday morning, March 11, 1917, from pneumonia, 
after an illness of but a few days. Mr. Sulloway's imme- 
diate family consisted of one daughter, Miss H. Belle 
Sulloway, who was with him here in Washington at the 
time of his sickness and sad death. The wife of Mr. 
Sulloway had died when this daughter was a very young 
girl. The sympathy, care, and anxiety for his daughter 


Address of Mr. Burroughs, of New Hampshire 

made the home life of Mr. Sulloway one of the striking 
features of his life. 

He was admitted to the bar in 1863, and came down 
from Franklin, where he had been studying law, and 
opened an office in Manchester, N. H. He was allowed 
the use of a desk in the office of Judge David Cross, at 
that time one of the great leaders of the New Hampshire 
bar. Mr. Sulloway remained in the office for some time 
until one day Judge Cross said to him: " Cy, I guess I 
have got to ask you to move out. I find you are getting 
some of my best clients away from me. You are able to 
open an office of your own, and you will not have any 
trouble about getting business." He then went over into 
the office of Attorney Samuel Lord, a prominent lawyer 
of Manchester, where he remained until he formed a 
partnership with E. M. Topliff, and the fame of the 
Sulloway & Topliff firm, with offices in the then new 
opera block in Manchester, became statewide. Topliff, 
one of the greatest and most skillful cross-examiners in 
the history of the New Hampshire bar, and Sulloway, 
forceful, homely in expression, imposing and convincing 
in argument in " summing up " to the jury, made a " pair 
that was hard to beat" in the then legal field of the 
Granite State. 

Mr. Sulloway early " took to politics," and in 1872 was 
elected to the State legislature from Manchester. Again 
in 1887 he was returned to the house of representatives 
at Concord, N. H., and he continued to serve there until 
1894, when he was nominated for Congress for the first 
time, at an exciting and enthusiastic convention at The 
Weirs, with two candidates against him. From that time 
on he was renominated 11 consecutive times, covering a 
period of 22 years. All but once he was the victor at the 
polls in November. In 1912, when the Progressive move- 
ment was at its height, Mr. Sulloway was beaten by Hon. 

116937°— 19 1 [49] 

Memorial Addresses: Representative Sulloway 

Eugene E. Reed, Democrat, by a few more than a thousand 
votes, but two years later Mr. Sulloway " came back " 
and defeated Mr. Reed by a substantial majority, and was 
reelected to the Sixty-fourth Congress. He was again 
renominated for the present Sixty-fifth Congress and was 
reelected over the Democratic candidate, Hon. Cordon 
Woodbury, of Bedford. He served in Congress just a full 
20 years, which in later days of his service was his hope 
and ambition. 

This long period of service attested his strength and 
loyalty to the people of his district. He had a host of 
friends that never deserted him. He was faithful and 
energetic and attended carefully to the interests of his 
district. He was even more popular in his later days than 
when he started in office. He grew and developed as a 
legislator as his career blossomed with age. His six-foot- 
six and three-quarters inches came to be more and more 
beloved and honored as time passed. He obtained a 
record in New Hampshire never before equaled. No man 
before his day had ever served more than three terms in 
the lower branch of Congress. Many times his nomina- 
tion was by acclamation, without an opponent, until he 
became known as Cyrus "Acclamation " Sulloway. 
When he had opposition his great popularity, due to a 
recognition of the value of the service he was rendering 
to his country and State, was sufficient to vanquish the 
hopes of any aspirant to his seat. They all went the same 
way, down to defeat. 

I had long known the " Tall Pine of the Merrimack," as 
he was so often and so affectionately referred to. I knew 
of his unique personality and strength in the courts of 
law; I knew of it in the State legislature, where he was 
a power in the public service; I knew of it in the Con- 
gress, where he had served so long and faithfully; I knew 
of it in the field of politics when I once tried to get his 


Address of Mr. Burroughs, of New Hampshire 

job; I knew of it in the hearts of the people when the 
votes of the primary had been cast; and I am proud that 
the people of the first New Hampshire district have seen 
fit to select me as the successor of one whom they so 
greatly loved. I am told that he became a great favorite 
with his fellow Members of Congress, and that he was 
regarded by them as a diligent and faithful public serv- 
ant. There never was a word of suspicion spoken of 
him. He was an uncompromising Republican, a stanch 
and enthusiastic protectionist, a loyal and true citizen, 
the friend alike of the rich and the poor. He knew no 
sect, no creed, and his hand was out to all. His " God 
bless you " will be widely and sorely missed in Washing- 
ton and in New Hampshire. His death brought genuine 
sorrow to the people in State and Nation. 

Of his congressional career other Members who served 
with him here on this floor can speak much better than I. 
Suffice it to say that I know of his fidelity in looking after 
the interests of the working people and the industries of 
our State and country, of his services for the Portsmouth 
Navy Yard, of the tremendous work he did for the vet- 
eran soldiers and their widows and orphans, and the deep 
interest he had at all times in the welfare of his constitu- 
ents. I did not always agree with Mr. Sulloway, but it 
is a pleasure for me now to record the fact that our dif- 
ferences were never personal. His great, warm heart 
made him always a fair and generous opponent as well as 
a loyal and devoted friend. 

In closing I feel that I can say nothing that will so fit- 
tingly and adequately express the sentiment of the great 
body of the people of his own State, whom he so long in 
part represented on this floor, as to quote an editorial 
published in the Daily Mirror and American in Manches- 
ter, N. H., on Tuesday, March 20, 1917. This editorial was 
written by Mr. William H. Topping, who had for nearly 


Memorial Addresses: Representative Sulloway 

20 years served Mr. Sulloway as secretary or clerk of his 
committee here in Washington. I ask leave, Mr. Speaker, 
to print the editorial referred to as a part of my remarks. 
The editorial referred to is as follows: 


The tribute paid to the late Congressman Cyrus A. Sulloway by 
the citizens of Manchester and New Hampshire was one of the 
greatest ever given to a citizen of the State. The thousands who 
gathered at his obsequies attested to the love, the esteem, and the 
admiration in which he was held. It was a wonderful demon- 
stration to a remarkable man. 

Congressman Cyrus Adams Sulloway in life was a unique 
character. His great size made him conspicuous wherever he 
went, as he towered far above the usual-sized man. But it was 
not his great stature that made him beloved by people all over 
the country and the idol of hundreds and thousands of residents 
of his native State. It was the human side of Mr. Sulloway that 
appealed to his friends. As he was large in stature, he was equally 
so in his generosity, simplicity, rugged honesty, and plainness. 
Political honors never swelled his head, and at the close of his 
20 years of service he was the same modest, retiring, thoughtful, 
considerate, and plain man that he was when he first went to Con- 
gress 22 years ago. 

His public career has been a brilliant one. Without " fuss or 
feathers " he made his name almost a household word from one 
end of the country to the other. In the Fifty-sixth Congress he 
was named as chairman of the Committee on Invalid Pensions by 
Speaker Henderson. This committee deals with all pension mat- 
ters growing out of the Civil War. The wonderful work of Chair- 
man Sulloway brought this committee from mediocrity to one of 
the most important in the House. Not only on general but on 
special legislation Mr. Sulloway's great work won for him and 
his committee the confidence of the House on both the Republican 
and Democratic sides of the Chamber. Faithful and conscientious 
work made it possible for this committee to receive, on practi- 
cally all occasions, the almost unanimous support of the Mem- 
bers of the House. 

In the matter of special legislation or private pension bills, Con- 
gressman Sulloway secured from the Bureau of Pensions one of 


Address of Mr. Burroughs, of New Hampshire 

the most exact and expert examiners in the country, who pre- 
pared the cases and briefed the evidence for the committee. 
Every case acted on was read and considered by the full com- 
mittee. Unworthy cases seldom, if ever, got by the examiner. 
In one session of Congress alone more than 1,200 cases, where the 
soldier was blind, paralyzed, or bedridden, were passed. No such 
humane work had ever been accomplished by the committee be- 
fore, and it brought Congressman Sulloway into national promi- 

In addition to this, Congressman Sulloway succeeded in get- 
ting through Congress much general legislation, which increased 
the pensions of both the soldiers and widows. His work in this 
line won for him unstinted praise, both from the old soldiers and 
from the general public. He was not radical in the matter of legis- 
lation, all reports to the contrary notwithstanding. He was just, 
fair, honest, and conscientious in his treatment of matters, both 
general and special. 

On other questions of great public moment Congressman Sullo- 
way was a man whose opinions were sought and whose judgment 
was respected. As a tariff man he was one of the strongest in 
the House. He was a great student of this subject and a firm 
believer that the success and prosperity of the business and in- 
dustrial interests of this country must depend upon protection. 
He was equally as positive that labor's only guaranty to employ- 
ment was through the instrumentality of this same tariff. In 
Congress, at the hustings, and in private conversation he vigor- 
ously and originally expressed his views in language that left no 
misgivings as to its sincerity. 

Congressman Sulloway accomplished much for his district and 
his constituents during his long service. One of the monuments 
to his successful career is the Portsmouth Navy Yard. Unques- 
tionably this yard would have been abandoned but for the tireless 
energy of the " Tall Pine." The Navy Department was against its 
continuance, the naval officers were all opposed to it, on account 
of the fact that the city, where it was located, lacked what they 
thought were proper social features. When other men from New 
Hampshire in Congress had grown weary of trying to do some- 
thing for Portsmouth, Congressman Sulloway kept plugging away 
with that determination that always characterized his efforts, and 
he succeeded one day, in a speech filled with humor, patriotism, 
and pathos, in getting an appropriation of $1,000,000 through for 


Memorial Addresses: Representative Silloway 

the construction of a big, new dry dock, then the largest in the 
country. That dry dock saved the Portsmouth Yard, and con- 
tinued efforts, followed by successful legislation, much of which 
was secured through the efforts of Mr. Sullowav. have brought the 
yard up to its present standard and made it one of the best in the 
country, and which has insured forever its continuance as such. 

Other monuments to Congressman Sulloway are public build- 
ings at Dover, Rochester, Laconia, and improvements in the Man- 
chester building. One of the recent acts of the late Congressman 
was the passage of an appropriation through the House for an 
extensive addition, in both land and buildings, to the Man- 
chester post office, amounting to .$225,000. Liberal appropriations 
were secured by Mr. Sulloway for river and harbor improve- 
ments at Newmarket, Dover, and Portsmouth, among them being 
nearly half a million for the removal of Hendersons Point, which 
was successfully accomplished. 

As a legislator Congressman Sulloway was highly regarded in 
Washington. He won the confidence of men of all parties. Hon. 
Champ Clark and Senator John Sharp Williams, of Mississippi, 
both formerly violent opponents of pensions at one time in the 
House, made speeches in which they devoted their entire time to a 
commendation of the work of Congressman Sulloway on pension 
matters. Both stated that a careful investigation of the efforts of 
the Manchester man had convinced them of their error, and that 
as far as they were concerned they were with Mr. Sulloway and 
his committee, and had the utmost confidence in the work they 
were doing. 

The illness and death of Congressman Sulloway was attended 
by genuine sorrow and grief in Washington. His friends were 
legion in Congress, and great leaders on both sides of the Chamber 
called at his hotel and eagerly sought news of his condition. His 
death cast a great gloom over official Washington. A distinguished 
gathering of Senators and Representatives accompanied his body 
to this city and paid their last respects. 

Manchester turned out and paid him an immense tribute. 
Rarely, if ever, has there been a more impressive service or a 
more distinguished gathering of citizens in New Hampshire than 
was assembled at the bier of the " Tall Pine of the Merrimack." 
People of all classes and conditions of life were there, for all 
loved him. This great throng of staid, sorrowful, and mourning 
citizens and friends of the Hon. Cyrus Adams Sulloway an- 


Address of Mr. Burroughs, of New Hampshire 

swered his critics effectually and sufficiently. It was a wonder- 
ful tribute to this plain, rugged, homely man of the people and 
one that even a king might be proud of. 

Of the personal side of Congressman Sulloway volumes could 
be written. His history is one of kind deeds. Tenderness, gen- 
erosity, sweetness, loyalty, modesty, and honesty characterized 
his whole existence. He lived to make others happy. Of his mite 
of this world's goods he gave the larger share to his neighbor. 
He came out of Congress poorer financially than he entered, but 
he left behind a record for sterling and rugged honesty, and there 
never was a blot on his public service, a heritage to him dearer 
than all the money of the earth. Mr. Sulloway was a great stu- 
dent, quite a lover of poetry, especially some of Whittier's selec- 
tions. He was an ardent reader, a thoughtful student, a conscien- 
tious legislator, a noble man, an ardent patriot, a kind and loving 
father, a man whose friends were legion, because he never lost 
the old ones and constantly added new. His place in the hearts 
of the New Hampshire people can never be filled. He occupied 
a niche of his own. The great man has gone from earth, but 
memories of his good deeds, his sterling qualities, and his gener- 
ous ways will live on forever. 

Mr. Burroughs assumed the chair as Speaker pro tem- 


Address of Mr. Greene, of Massachusetts 

Mr. Speaker: When I became a Member of the House 
of Representatives in 1898, having been elected at a 
special election for the remainder of the term of my 
predecessor, who had passed away, I first became ac- 
quainted with the Hon. Cyrus A. Sclloway. He had a 
distinguished appearance, being of mammoth stature, 
and I was drawn toward him by his strong and forceful 
characteristics. My intimacy with him continued during 
his long service as a Member of this legislative body. 

It had generally been the custom in New Hampshire 
when a Member had served a few terms to change the 
representation, and I recall that at one convention, at 
which he did not appear as a contestant for renomina- 
tion, there was a long discussion in the convention as to 
who should be nominated. With the multiplicity of can- 
didates the convention could not seem to agree upon a 
candidate. He sat a silent spectator in the gallery listen- 
ing to the proceedings, and finally, when the convention 
could not seem to agree upon anyone else, he was nomi- 
nated by acclamation, and ever afterwards received the 
nomination of his party to appear here as a Member of 
the House. 

In the campaign of 1912, owing to a division in the 
Republican Party, he failed to secure a reelection, 
although he was honored by the renomination. That was 
the fate that was meted out to quite a number of the older 
Members of the House. Mr. Sulloway and myself had 
the same characteristics in one respect, and that was we 
neither of us deserted the party to which we belonged. 
He never sought a nomination of any other party than 
his own. If the Republican Party was not strong enough 


Address of Mr. Greene, of Massachusetts 

for him to win in an election he preferred to remain at 

I became quite intimate with Mr. Sulloway from the 
fact that, like himself, I wanted to be a soldier in the Civil 
War, but I had the misfortune to be born lame and that 
lameness kept me out of the service. He was rejected be- 
cause the authorities did not think he was physically 
strong enough to endure the hardships of a soldier's life. 
I recollect that when the draft system was in effect dur- 
ing the Civil War the people desired to reduce the quota 
to be drafted as much as possible. They called upon 
me to go up to the surgeon's office and be exempted from 
the service; by so doing the quota from my own city would 
be reduced. My city was then a small one, having barely 
12,000 people. Finally I was prevailed on to go before the 
surgeon in order that I might be legally exempted. It 
was a task that was exceedingly disagreeable to me. The 
moment the door of the office was closed the examining 
surgeon, who had known me from early childhood, said, 
" There is no need of examining you; you will be at once 
exempted," and he struck my name from the list. My 
father was 50 years of age when the war broke out and 
one of the first to enlist. 

I was always very proud of the fact that my father, 
who then was 50 years of age, was a soldier of the Civil 
War. I was the only other male member of the family, 
and consequently there was but one of us who could go, 
and my father embraced the opportunity. I was nearly 
20 years of age when the war began. I was familiar with 
all of the inducements that were given soldiers, and 
especially do I recall the first meeting held in the city hall 
at which we all gathered to see whether people were will- 
ing to volunteer as soldiers to preserve the Union. My 
father was one of the first who signed the roll, a large 
number following, and I well recollect the assurances that 


Memorial Addresses : Representative Sulloway 

were then given that the family of any man who enlisted 
would always he cared for, if he gave up his opportunities 
in life and went into the service for the purpose of preserv- 
ing the Union. That was very strongly impressed upon 
the youth of that day. My own State made great pro- 
visions for the families of soldiers. It does to-day con- 
tribute to the burial of every soldier and pays to the sol- 
diers' widows additional compensation besides the pen- 
sion they receive, in order that they shall not be deprived 
of necessities, and the State of Massachusetts makes 
special provision for the care of families where the hus- 
bands or sons enlist or are drafted into the service in the 
present world-wide war. 

When I became a Member of this House Mr. Sulloway 
was prominent on the Committee on Invalid Pensions. 
He subsequently became chairman of that committee by 
reason of his long service. I admired the man in every 
feature of his life. I have been told by those who have 
been connected with the measurement of men that no 
two men measure alike, that there is always some feature 
that makes each man different from the other. Not- 
withstanding this confident statement, it was my fortune 
to have some men serve in this body with me who were 
taken for me and I for them. I have frequently been 
taken for Gen. Hollingsworth, and he says that he has 
frequently been taken for me. But there is one particu- 
lar mark that has always served as a distinction per- 
sonal to myself. One night when going down town in 
my own city to attend a banquet I passed by a man in the 
evening, and the shadow of the trees would prevent one 
from being known generally, and he said as he passed, 
"By gracious, isn't that Billy Greene?" I said, "Yes"; 
and he said, " I went to school with you 60 years ago and 
knew you the moment I saw you step." I talked with him 
a while. I knew him well as a boy. When I went to the 


Address of Mr. Greene, of Massachusetts 

banquet that night the man who presided at the banquet 
saw fit in introducing me to the company, all of whom 
I knew, to say that he happened to be in the gallery 
of the House of Representatives a short time ago, and that 
it was astounding to him that so many people in the 
gallery knew who I was. He said I was almost as well 
known in Washington as I was in Fall River. 

In a little time after this episode when I was called 
upon to make some remarks I said to them that I could 
tell them why I was known in Washington as well as at 
home. I told them that it was because I had a gait that 
no man can imitate, and when people sat in the gallery 
and saw me walk up and down the aisle it is natural for 
them to say, " Who is that lame fellow going along 
there?" And they are told it is Mr. Greene, of Massa- 
chusetts. That lameness has probably given me a wider 
acquaintance than I could have obtained in any other 
way. I rarely go into a strange city that I do not find 
some one who knows me by reason of the original step 
that I have. I have never regarded it as a misfortune, as 
some people do. Mr. Sulloway was noted in an assembly 
because of his stature and I because of my lameness. 

Mr. Sulloway and myself were very much alike, for 
both of us looked at the hopeful side of life; we never 
looked on the shadowy side; neither of us ever thought 
of the shadows but more of the pleasures that life affords. 
I realized that he desired to do whatever he could for 
the benefit of his fellow men. The record that has been 
given here to-day by those who have spoken so generously 
of him is a record of which every person might well feel 

He was a man who was upright in character, firm in 
opinion, and he had a reason for everything he did. He 
was original in his expressions. I had not thought of his 
being a member of the legislature of the State of New 


Memorial Addresses: Representative Sulloway 

Hampshire, and was glad to hear the remarks made here 
to-day in respect to his long service in his native State, 
and of the work that he did there. I saw him just hefore 
the close of the session of the Sixty-fourth Congress sit- 
ting in his seat. He then had quite a severe cold, and I 
admonished him that I thought he ought not to he in 
the House. I shook his hand and felt the fever that was 
running through his veins, and I said to him, " Brother 
Sulloway, you ought to go home, you ought to go to bed; 
that is the best place for a man who is sick — go to bed and 
keep out of this chilly wind and blast." That was on the 
last day of the session, as we were forming to go into the 
Senate to participate in the ceremonies of the second 
inauguration of President Wilson. Only a few days later, 
one short week, he was gone. 

The Speaker appointed me a member of the committee 
to attend his funeral, and I never shall forget the senti- 
ment that seemed to prevail in the city of Manchester, 
where he lived; the strong feeling displayed by the people 
there, the warm interest they had in his career, and the 
solidity of expression with which they appeared to be 
of one mind in regard to his faithful service. I was very 
strongly impressed by the sermon which has been alluded 
to to-day by the gentleman from New Hampshire, Mr. 
Wason, which was preached at Mr. Sulloway's funeral. 
I hope Mr. Wason will print, as a part of this service, the 
whole sermon, for it was certainly the most remarkable 
sermon I had ever heard preached at the funeral of any 
person I ever knew. 

The preacher said Mr. Sulloway was a faithful, con- 
sistent, honest protectionist, and that if he were present 
here to-day this is what he would say. I thought of what 
has been said sometimes of others, that a man being dead, 
yet speaketh; and when this preacher, small in stature 
but powerful in language, proceeded to say what he 


Address of Mr. Greene, of Massachusetts 

thought, believed, or knew Cyrus Adams Sulloway would 
have said had he been there to speak for himself, it was 
a most remarkable tribute. There was no hesitation in 
the voice of the preacher, no hesitation in the expression, 
but every word uttered was firm and true, like the char- 
acter of the late Congressman whom he so eloquently 
eulogized. He spoke well, and it was a wonderful tribute 
to the memory of a very good man. 

The attendance at the funeral was very large. It was a 
church such as they rarely build now, one of those large 
churches with extensive galleries; but there was not a seat 
to be had anywhere in the house. Every seat was filled. 
Among other organizations present were the letter car- 
riers of the post office. Mr. Sulloway was always very 
active in their behalf, as well as in behalf of the soldiers. 
The post office was closed as a tribute to his memory, and 
the letter carriers and other employees of the post office 
were enabled to be present. 

I met there a large number of the prominent people of 
New Hampshire. They gathered at the funeral exercises. 
After the conclusion of the ceremonies I was invited to 
attend a conference, in order that it might be determined 
what was best to be done under the circumstances as to 
time of choosing his successor. When I was called upon 
to speak I said that, for myself, I usually took the forlorn 

They thought that it was a forlorn hope to elect a Re- 
publican successor at that time in the year, when the 
snow was deep on the ground in the southern part of the 
district. I said that if I were living there I thought I 
should take the forlorn hope and risk it, but I yielded to 
the views of the Republicans of New Hampshire. They 
asked me, " Is it necessary for us to elect a successor to 
Mr. Sulloway in order that the Republicans may control 
the next House?" I said, "No, we can not control the 


Memorial Addresses: Representative Sulloway 

House, even if a Republican were elected to succeed 
Mr. Sulloway; and as you know a great deal more about 
conditions in New Hampshire than I do, and you think 
it would not be possible to get the Republicans out to vote 
who live in the country, on account of the snow in the 
month of March and the practical impassability of the 
roads, I defer to your judgment." They thought that if 
they postponed the election until God's sun shone upon 
the earth and dissipated the snow they would then be able 
to send a Republican as the successor of Mr. Sulloway. 
I said, " In view of what the gentlemen here say who 
know, and in view of the fact that there is no necessity 
for trying to do something that you can not accomplish, 
I am willing to take your judgment and let the result 
speak for itself." As you all know, success came to our 
fortunes when the election was held, and Mr. Rurroughs 
easily was elected to succeed Mr. Sulloway. 

Mr. Sulloway, in the Committee on Pensions as well as 
elsewhere, was very conscientious in whatever he did. It 
has been said that he looked with leniency upon many of 
the men whose cases were brought before him because 
some of them had been put down as deserters unde- 
servedly; and when he believed that to be the fact he 
urged that this delinquency be overlooked. I may say 
that I sympathize a great deal with his idea in regard to 
that one fact. One of the most unpleasant things I have 
found in looking up pension legislation is that some good 
man had been marked as a deserter who was not a de- 
serter but who when the war was over was told by his 
commanding officer, " The war is now over. You do not 
need to wait here; you can go home; " and yet, where sol- 
diers who had no thought of pensions failed to remain 
to be discharged regularly from the service, quite fre- 
quently such men have been marked as deserters, and 
so have been denied the privileges of the pension laws 


Address of Mr. Greene, of Massachusetts 

because the record showed that they deserted from the 
service. I would be glad to wipe out all those distinctions. 
I have in mind now the case of a young man who was a 
member of the Regular Army a few years ago. He was 
thrown from a horse and badly injured, and was sent to 
a hospital for treatment, and was allowed to wander away 
from the hospital. 

He went home, but was marked as a deserter, and his 
record so stands to-day, when he did honorable service, 
and never should have been allowed to depart from that 
hospital; but the parties in charge of the hospital felt 
that by letting him go home and putting the charge of 
desertion against him it would relieve the United States 
Treasury of the responsibility which it otherwise would 
have to bear because of his injury in the service. No 
such narrow spirit ever characterized the life and charac- 
ter of the late Cyrus A. Sulloway, whose memory we 
hallow to-day. He was broad enough to throw the mantle 
of charity over every such case that came to his attention. 

I have been gratified to listen to the tributes here to Mr. 
Sulloway's memory. Having taken the oath of office here 
on the 18th day of June, 1898, and having been a Member 
of the House ever since, it has been very pleasing to me to 
hear the kind words spoken by his associates. 

Allusion was made by my colleague [Mr. Gillett] to the 
fact that one of the saddest features of our life here is the 
passing away of our colleagues. That is very true. It is a 
very sad feature of life, but there is one compensation in 
our service here, and that is the extensive acquaintance we 
obtain and the friendships we form with men throughout 
the country, and the high character that attends nearly 
every service here. 

The average population of a district is 200,000. It is 
natural that Representatives selected should be men of 
high standing, high character, well thought of at home, 


Memorial Addresses : Representative Sulloway 

and naturally would be well thought of here because of 
their average attainments, experience, and ability. 

All of us can not become orators. Many of us could 
take a great deal more time in debate than we do, and 
so far as my experience is concerned I hear so much talk 
that I think that if one-half of it were eliminated the 
country would be a great deal better off. I fear some 
Members talk too long and too drearily to accomplish 
what they really seek to do. If Members would talk 
plainly and drop some of the long flights of eloquence, I 
believe better results would be obtained. 

Mr. Sulloway did but little talking, but he could always 
be found in his seat. I have not examined the record of 
his attendance, but I think you will find that it will com- 
pare favorably with that of any Member of the House. I 
do not recall that he was absent except on account of sick- 
ness during all the time of his service here. He died re- 
spected by his fellow men and loved by his associates. 
The fine tributes to his character that will be recorded 
will be an honor to his memory, to his State, and to the 


Address of Mr. Kahn, of California 

Mr. Speaker: From the day I entered Congress, on the 
first Monday in December, 1899, I learned to know and 
to admire Cyrus Adams Sulloway. His massive physique 
stamped him with an individuality that was bound to 
impress the man who met our deceased colleague for the 
first time. During all the years that have intervened since 
the opening of the Fifty-sixth Congress I learned to ad- 
mire him more and more. 

Mr. Sulloway never trespassed upon the time of the 
House unless he had something to say that would be of 
interest to his colleagues and to the country. He rarely 
took the floor, but when he did he was accorded that at- 
tention which the House always pays those Members 
whose opinions it values. 

Himself rejected as a soldier by reason of physical de- 
fects, he gave the greatest attention to those who, more 
fortunate than himself, had fought to preserve the Union. 
In his death the old soldiers of the Republic lost a valued 
friend, a warm-hearted and sympathetic counselor. Every 
year the line of veterans who wore the blue during the 
trying days of the Civil War is steadily diminishing. It 
will not be long before the last of those heroes shall be 
called to his everlasting sleep. Mr. Sulloway recognized 
the debt of gratitude their country owes them. His heart 
was ever ready to respond to their worthy appeals. Per- 
haps many of those of a later generation could not so 
thoroughly appreciate what those men endured in their 
effort to preserve the Union. Many Members have been 
too prone to look slightingly upon the deserving appeals 
made from time to time by these old soldiers. It was 
therefore especially fortunate that they had on the floor 

116937°— 19 5 [65] 

Memorial Addresses: Representative Sulloway 

of this House such a valiant champion as Mr. Sulloway. 
They will assuredly miss him from this Chamber. 

In all the legislation incident to the proper preparation 
of our country for the present war in which we are en- 
gaged Mr. Sulloway constantly voted for the protection 
of American rights and the maintenance of American 
honor and prestige. The very fact that he had sought to 
be a soldier of the Republic in the years gone by made 
him an ardent, earnest advocate of our country's cause. 
In the closing months of his life he spoke to me frequently 
about the war and the patriotic duty of Americans regard- 
less of political affiliation to stand behind the Government 
in the prosecution of the struggle. He forgot all partisan- 
ship and remembered only that he was a whole-hearted, 
thoroughgoing American. 

We have missed him and shall continue to miss him in 
our deliberations during these momentous days. 

The Speaker pro tempore. In accordance with the 
resolution already adopted, the House will now adjourn. 

Accordingly (at 2 o'clock and 50 minutes p. in.), the 
House adjourned until to-morrow, Monday, April 29, 1918, 
at 12 o'clock noon. 


Proceedings in the Senate 

Monday, March 12, 1917. 

Mr. Hollis. Mr. President, I am very sorry to have to 
announce to the Senate the death on Sunday, March 
11, of the Hon. Cyrus Adams Sulloway, Representa- 
tive in Congress from the first New Hampshire district. 
Mr. Sulloway has had a long and distinguished record 
in the House, and his death will he properly commem- 
orated on some suitable occasion. At this time I offer 
the following resolutions and ask for their adoption. 

The resolutions (S. Res. 10) were read, considered by 
unanimous consent, and unanimously agreed to, as 

Resolved, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow the 
announcement of the death of Hon. Cyrus Adams Sulloway, late 
a Representative from the State of New Hampshire. 

Resolved, That a committee of six Senators be appointed by the 
President pro tempore to join a committee appointed on the part 
of the House of Representatives to attend the funeral of the de- 
ceased Representative. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be transmitted to the 
family of the deceased. 

The President pro tempore appointed, under the sec- 
ond resolution, Mr. Gallinger, Mr. Hollis, Mr. Ashurst, 
Mr. Kenyon, Mr. Chamberlain, and Mr. Sutherland the 
committee on the part of the Senate to attend the funeral 
of the deceased. 

Mr. Hollis. Mr. President, I move, as a further mark 
of respect to the memory of the deceased, that the Senate 
do now adjourn. 

The motion was unanimously agreed to; and (at 12 
o'clock and 35 minutes p. m.) the Senate adjourned until 
to-morrow, Tuesday, March 13, 1911, at 12 o'clock meridian. 


Memorial Addresses: Representative Sulloway 

Wednesday, April 4, 1917. 
A message from the House of Representatives, by J. C. 
South, its Chief Clerk, communicated to the Senate the 
intelligence of the death of the Hon. Cyrus A. Sulloway, 
late a Representative from the State of New Hampshire, 
and transmitted resolutions of the House thereon. 



013 787 888 4