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Full text of "A daily journal of the 192d reg't Penn'a volunteers, commanded by Col. William B. Thomas, in the service of the United States for one hundred days"

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1913 L. 

"Da Fragten ilin auch die Krlegsleute, und sprachen : 
Was soUen den mir thim? Und er sprach zu ilinen ; Thut 
niemand gewalt noch unrecht, und lasst eucli begnugen an 
eurem Golde.'' 

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1864, by 


in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Eastern 
District of Pennsylvania. 

IJTSOIiIi:EQ. ceo 

Having been in the military service under your command 
in three separate Regiments, — that of 18G2, the 20th P. M., 
whicli promptly responded to the call of Gov. Curtix, for the 
defence of the State and to repel the invader who had pos- 
session of Chambersburg, and which Regiment was the first 
to report at Harrisburg; that of 1863, the 20th again, which 
took the field under the call of President Lincoln, guarding 
the North Central Pennsylvania Railroad; also the fords of 
the Susquehanna during Lee's advance into Pennsylvania, 
and at the time of the battle of Gettysburg, following the 
rebel retreat to Green Castle, when further pursuit was ended 
by the escape of Lee's army across the Potomac; thatof 18G4, 
the 192 Pennsylvania Volunteers, offered by you to the Sec- 
retary of War for one hundred days, and by him accepted, 
have given me full opportunity to estimate and appreciate 
your character as an Officer, Soldier, and Patriot. 

To you this Journal of the 192d Regiment is offered as an 
humble tribute by 

The Autuor. 
Philadelphia, Nov. 15, 18G4. 


AVnEN the writer commenced penciling (for he cannot sa}' 
writing) this Journal, he had no tliought of attempting its 
publication, nor would he now present it to the public but for 
the importunities of gentlemen who have at various times been 
under the command of Col. Thomas in the several Eegiments 
raised by him for the suppression of this most atrocious and 
now tottering Rebellion. A desire to gratify them solely, and 
with no intention whatever to claim credit as an author, did 
he consent to place it in their hands. And, even now they 
must overlook its imperfections, its style and omissions, — for 
the Camp is not the place, nor the position of a private soldier 
a good one, for the writing of an elaborate record, which to 
be perfect, is the work of the practical scholar, who is not 
disturbed by the frequent roll of the drum and the orders of 
numerous officers. 


\nt ^unbrcir itntr flinctii-lcronb Stgtmtnt, 

July 7. It having been spread abroad that CoL 
William B. Thomas was again in the field for the 
purpose of re-organizing the old 20th Regiment of 
Volunteers for one hundred days service, it required 
but little time for such of the old members who 
desired to go, to present themselves to the proper 
officers for enrollment. To-day large numbers' of men 
assembled in the Custom House and on the steps of 
the building awaiting their turn for enlisting. Among 
the throng the writer happened to mingle, and he was 
happy to find the good feeling and enthusiasm which 
existed on the part of all, — old and new, to fill up the 
Regiment. Adding to the general excitement, were 


reports from the front that Gen. Geant needed men, — 
that Gen. Sherman was in the same predicament, and 
that 40,000 rebels under Eaely were in the Shenan- 
doah valley, ready to march into Pennsylvania. Capt. 
McClintock, Capt. Snyder, Capt. Erford and a host 
of officers of lower grade were present, eagerly gob- 
bling up the men for their respective companies. The 
men were anxious to know before signing the papers, 
whether Col. Thomas would again take the command, 
and on being assured that he had tendered his resig- 
nation as Collector of the Port in the event of not being 
allowed to go by the Secretary of War, they at once 
signed the roll and were sworn. During the after- 
noon, hundreds of men, good and true, were enrolled. 
July 8. The upward movement continued with 
increased vigor all day. The pressure Avas so great 
that the business of the Custom House was in danger of 
interruption. The hum of many voices echoed through 
the building, to the no small confusion of persons 
employed in the hitherto quiet nooks and corners of the 
marble pile; and it soon became evident that some 
more suitable place for military purposes would have 
to be chosen. A large squad of men were sworn into 
the service on the steps fronting Library street. Notice 
was given that future operations for the Eegiment 
would take place at 533 Chestnut street, new Head 

192d reciment. 9 

July 9. The doors of the new Head Quarters were 
open at an early hour. Eecruits came pouring in fast 
and thick, and the enrolling officers were very busy 
tilling up the blanks, description-lists, &c., while others 
busied themselves in boring and planning for stripes 
and straps. At one time there were as many expect- 
ants as men : all were ready to wear shoulder-straps 
or to wield swords of whatever size, which they im- 
agined would be found lying loosely about awaiting 
somebody to take them. But, swords and straps were 
not to be so easily gained, nor so plenty as they were 
led to suppose, and many who thought themselves fit 
for Generals, came down to Lieutenants, Sergeants, 
Corporals and Privates. The descent was an easy one, 
for the men were more ambitious to serve their country 
in this her hour of peril and trial than they were for 
position, and there was no dissatisfaction whatever, 
either expressed or concealed. A large number of men 
were enrolled to-day, and all things wore a pleasant 
and encouraging aspect. 

July 10. Sunday. 

July 11. To-day the rooms of Head Quarters were 
thronged. It was a difficult task to elbow one's way 
through the talking, eager, and enthusiastic mass. A 
band of music swelled the air with Hail Columbia and 
the Star-Spangled Banner, and amidst all, the oath 
of fidelity to the cause of the Union was administered, 


forming a scene whicli would have tasked the pencil 
of a Hogarth and defied the ability of the most expert 
newspaper reporter to describe. It was a spectacle 
for the eye, — one not for the pencil or pen to depict. 

July 12. Ofiicers greatly on the increase. Some 
of these made their appearance for the first time to-day 
in uniform. They were cordially received. On looking 
at many of them it did not require long to perceive 
that they had already been in the service, and novices 
in the art of war exhibited a gratifying readiness to 
enjoy the benefit of their previous experience upon the 
tented field. The several companies rapidly filling up 
the required number. Good work was done to-day. 
The Quarters were again changed to the open space 
west of Camp Cadwalader, opposite the Odd Fellows' 
Cemetery, and tents for one thousand men sprung into 
shape as if by magic. A considerable number of fine 
men joined the Eegiment ; some who had been in the 
three years service, and others for less periods. These 
were valuable acquisitions. The reports of a contem- 
plated invasion of the State brought them forward 
once more to the defence of home and country. A 
number of companies were mustered into the service. 

July 13. Applicants for admission into the ranks 
are still coming forward. A considerable number of 
youths still in their tender teens, took the war infection 
and presented themselves for enrollment. Some of 


192d regiment. 11 

them, too juvenile in appearance for the age at which 
they represented themselves, were rejected, and others 
more lucky, — overgrown boys, of larger development 
of bone and muscle, though not of the required age, 
were accepted. It was hard to discriminate, and the 
examining Surgeon had no time to consult family- 
records to ascertain whether all that the boys asserted 
on the point of age was gospel truth, and indeed, no 
harm was done by their dodging a hard knot, for these 
young patriots had the consent of parents to go with 
Col. Thomas, without which none of them were 

July 14. The enlisted men were no longer in their 
workshops or attending to their regular occupations. 
Situations paying them from twelve to twenty dollars 
per week were given up without regret. It is gratify- 
ing to state that the employers without an exception, 
kept their places open for them on their return, and 
in hundreds of instances, continued their wages or 
salaries during their absence. This is a grand feature 
of the war. It is an enduring monument of loyalty 
and generosity; it is appreciated too, by those who 
go to the front to put down this most infamous and 
despicable attempt to destroy the best government on 
the face of the earth since the creation of man. As 
long as such a feeling exists, and it will exist wherever 
man is free^ this Union and this nation, as one people 


under one flag and a common destiny can never be 
destroyed, either by a foreign foe or traitor blows. 

July 15. This afternoon the tents were struck and 
the several companies marched into Camp Cadwalader, 
taking quarters for the nonce in the barracks. Six 
companies, with their officers, were mustered into the 
service of the United States for one hundred days. — 
Rations furnished and the discipline of the camp en- 

July 16. Several additional companies entered the 
service. Tents were raised on the open space east of 
the frame barracks, which were too hot and confined 
to hold with comfort so many men. Men detailed 
from each company for guard duty in camp and eke- 

July 17. Sunday. Plenty of visitors in Camp. 
Soldiers not permitted to leave quarters without a 
pass. The restraint rather irksome; but all hands 
submit with good grace, as forming part of the agree- 
ment made with the government. 

July 18. An entire company presented itself from 
Kennett Square, Chester County. It is one of the best 
companies in the service, and commanded by faithful, 
high-minded and gentlemanly officers. Part of another 
Regiment entered the grounds, and encamped east of 
the Twentieth. Considerable population now on the 
premises; all in the best humor, and waiting patiently 

192d regiment. 13 

for the order to move to the front. General desire to 
join Gen. Sheridan's forces. Regiment full. Arms 
and accoutrements furnished to the men. The long 
lines of men to the Cooking house, to obtain their 
rations of beef, bacon, bread, soup, and coffee, have 
attained enormous proportions. To get the supply 
each one is entitled to receive, is a work of time and 
patience. Rations are given to every man wearing 
the uniform of the United States. This depart- 
ment is under the Superintendence of Corporal 
John Neville, of the 91st Pa. Reg't. He is an 
efficient and worthy officer, who has to feed to-day 
4200 soldiers, morning noon and evening. His task 
is one of no ordinary magnitude, exposing him, too, 
to all sorts of acrimonious criticism from men having 
all sorts of tastes to gratify, which cannot be done 
with the plain and wholesome fare offered by Uncle 
Sam's vast hotel. He Hstens to their complaints and 
imprecations very complacently, and never stops stuff- 
ing them with good substantial food. His guests too, 
when in line often become unruly and show belligerant 
qualities, such as he thinks are only intended for the 
rebels, when he steps into the melee and at once settles 
all further dispute. He is just the right man in the 
right place. 

July 19. Dress parade this afternoon. Col. Thomas 
in command. Himself and Regimental officers sworn 


into tlie service to-day. Eleven companies fully organ- 
ized and all of them on a war footing. 

July 20. Guards doubled and pickets posted out- 
side the enclosure. Several men escape and are fired 
upon and missed. Applications for passes to the city 
refused. Patrols sent to the city to catch up stragglers. 
Bounty jumpers about, belonging to other Regiments. 
Several alleged men of this class caught and placed in 
the guard house. A large number of visitors present 
at dress parade. 

July 21. All the necessary arrangements completed 
for a change of base. Camp very much crowded, 
and heat of the weather enormous. The dust has also 
become a serious annoyance; visitors fill the company 
streets and crowd into the tents, which have no ven- 
tilation and are heated almost to suffocation. Two- 
thirds of our warm friends are ladies, many of them 
mothers looking after their jewels, who are happy as 
larks and as pretty in their new uniform. It is easy 
to discover that some of the fair creatures are sweet- 
hearts in search of their soldier beaux, and some too, 
are sisters, looking for brothers, bringing some little 
comforts that had in the hurry to get away been left 
lying on the table or forgotten. The dress parade this 
afternoon was a creditable performance and was 
beheld by a large and delighted audience. 

July 22. The Bounty Committee presented itself in 

102d regIxMent. 15 

camp this afternoon. The Chairman had under his 
arm a chest containing greenbacks sufficient in amount 
for each man to have $50. Companies formed and 
marched to Head Quarters, where as his name is called, 
that sum is paid to every enlisted man. Prof. Saunders 
is present and addresses quaint and pointed remarks 
to the men as he passes along the lines in reference to 
the proper care of their money — advises them not to 
expend it foolishly, nor to invest any of it in whiskey ; 
his remarks arc well received. Orders given for the 
marching of the Eegiment to-morrow. Some suppose 
to Richmond ; others are certain it is to Atlanta. 

July 23. Left Camp Cadwalader at 10 A. M. and 
marched to the Custom House, Chestnut Street, where 
the Eegiment was received by thousands of citizens 
who had assembled for the purpose. Prof. Saunders 
of the Bounty Fund Committee addressd Col. Thomas 
in an able and eloquent speech, complimenting the Reg- 
iment as the largest ever mustered in the city, with 
the single exception of Col. Baker's California Regi- 
ment. The address was briefly and appropriately re- 
sponded to by Col. Thomas. Then countermarched 
up Chestnut to Sixth, down Sixth to the Cooper Shop 
Refreshment Saloons, where bountiful preparations had 
been made for the Pvegiment. The command then pro- 
ceeded up Washington street to Broad and Prime, 
where a train of cars was in waiting to convey the Regi- 


ment to Baltimore ; the weather being very pleasant 
the passage to that city was quite an agreeable change 
from the monotony of life in camp to the free open air 
of a ride on the railroad in cattle cars. 

Sunday, July 24. Eeached Baltimore at 4 A. M., 
somewhat cramped by the closely packed cars. Marched 
to the Provost Marshal's office where we remained, 
arms stacked in the street, until eight o'clock, when 
the Eefreshment Saloon opened its doors and soon the 
large building was filled with joyful faces. The Eegi- 
ment partook of an excellent breakfast, for which quite 
an appetite had been created by the long ride on the 
railroad. At ten o'clock the command was reformed, 
took the line of march for Camp Mankin, some five 
miles North-east of the city. A pretty woods was 
selected for camping, some distance from other regi- 
ments who were in the vicinity. Here we pitched 
tents, cleared off the under brush, removed rock and 
stumps of trees, and in a short time everything was gay 
and complete. Camp guards were posted and we 
retired to rest worn down by the hard day's work. A 
refreshing rain during the night cooled the atmosphere 
and filled the brooks which had but little water in 
them before the rain. 

July 25. Continued the work of improving the 
camp ; fixed the tents and trenches to keep out the 
water. All hands busy — not an idle man to be seenj 

192d rkgiment. 17 

very fine showers during the forenoon. The country 
surrounding camp is very pretty, but every foot of it 
exhibits the blighting and destructive presence of the 
defunct ''pecuHar institution." Barren fields are every 
where visible — scarcely a garden patch has sufiicient 
growth in it to feed an ordinary grasshopper. The 
soil is worn out, having been planted for years without 
manure ; even the cattle seem half starved, and these 
are of the poorest stock. Agriculture is in its most 
primitive state. The ploughing is very slight pene- 
trating but few inches below the surface. The natural 
result of this is that the crops are scarcely worth har- 
vesting. There is not a barn or stable ; nothing but 
dilapidated frame and log houses or cabins for human 
liabitations, to be seen for miles, and the wonder is 
that in these enlightened days of the nineteenth cen- 
tury so little has penetrated into the most favorable 
regions of slavery. Taps sounded at an early hour 
and retired according to order, thanking God that this 
land and this people was soon to be rescued from the 
misery and darkness which has rested upon them for 
a century of white and black bondage, and that free- 
dom, light and civilization would soon dawn upon them 
and their posterity. 

July 26. Clear weather and cooling winds. Lively 
times in camp. Eations good and plenty. Pie women 
have possession of the camp. Pies in great demand, 


at high prices. Good bread thrown away^ and miser- 
able things called apple and blackberry pies substi- 
tuted. Scouted through the woods for bathing ground. 
Found a clear brook two miles from camp. A sut- 
ler is granted permission to open store in our lines. 
Pitches an immense tent, w^hich is soon filled with 
boxes, barrels and other packages. Ale can be had 
for 10 cents a glass, a common claret wine §1.50 per 
bottle, and other commodities at comparatively cheap 
prices. Having finished work the boys are resting 
and looking for something to do to-morrow. The guns 
and accoutrements have been cleaned and brushed up 
ready for any emergency that may arise. Col. Thomas 
and his officers are everywhere present, to have the 
order of aff'airs regular and in proper trim. 

July 27. The camp was rather noisy. Too much 
strychnine or twine, as it is called, about. Some of 
our men have scouted over the country for many miles, 
bringing in chickens, butter, eggs, and a variety of 
other country produce. Judging from present indica- 
tions, some persons in full feather and cutting a wide 
swathe, will have to come down a peg or two before 
the campaign is over. Guards have been stationed 
around neighboring farm houses, to prevent depreda- 
tions upon gardens and pantries, which are not consid- 
ered altogether safe by their owners. These violations 
of order are discountenanced by the more reflecting 

ll>2l) RE(UMENT. Ill 

members of the Regiment, and it is hoped that they 
will be soon discontinued. Gen. Lockwood, of the Reg- 
ular army appeared this afternoon on battalion drill ; 
our Colonel invited him to take command of the Regi- 
ment, when he dismounted and at once commenced 
operations. The movements ordered by the General 
were promptly executed and at the conclusion of the 
drill, he expressed himself highly pleased with the good 
conduct of the men. 

July 28. Stringent orders for the regulation of the 
Camp, have been issued by the Colonel, prohibiting 
any one leaving quarters without permission from the 
proper officer. The pie women, who had become an 
insufferable nuisance have been banished, and none 
are permitted to approach our lines. Last night some 
persons unknown crept into the Sutler's tent and 
handed out of it several cases of claret wine, which 
ought to teach that gentleman not to bring such stuff 
within reach of those who are not scrupulous as to 
what they drink, nor in Avhat way they get it. The 
weather is exceedingly warm and disagreeable. Smoke 
and dust everywhere abounds. 

Orders were read from Head Quarters requiring 
the Regiment to be ready for field service at one hour's 
notice. This may be due to the visit of Gen. Lock- 
wood yesterday, who formed a very high opinion of 
the discipline and vim of the men. Each man is to 


be supplied with sixty ronnds of ammunition and 
rations for five days. A pioneer corps is to be organ- 
ized immediately of one man from each company, with 
entrenching toolS; to be carried on mules, in paniers. 
This is the first indication of real work that has yet 
come forth, and is greatly relished by every man in 
camp. Went to the city on a pass. Found the ofii- 
cers of the Central Eailroad in session at the station, 
discussing the chances of another raid on their road. 
They decided to remove the extra trains, engines, &c., 
to Harrisburg. Rebels active in the Shenandoah val- 
ley under M'Causland, and marching into Pennsyl- 
vania. Expect to be sent in the direction of the State 
and all looking for the mules to come every moment. 
The population in the city of Baltimore is not loyal. 
Joy is seen in the countenances of the secesh. These 
are dying for the want of rebels to seize the city, and 
are praying for them to come. They would rise at 
any moment to plunder and murder Union citizens 
were they certain of sufiicient rebel force from Lee to 
hold the city. The conduct of certain members in com- 
panies E. K. and M. after night was very disgraceful. 
Missiles were thrown at the tents in the dark for many 
hours. The writer was struck several times and 
others were more or less hurt. The rations served 
out to all the companies are of the utmost abundance 
in quality and quantity. 

192d begtment. 21 

July 29. Drought all over the country — blazing- 
heat all around, no ice water to cool our parching 
tongues. Water in the wells hard to get — that in 
the creeks unfit to drink, being almost warm enough 
to boil an egg.^ It was too hot for military training. 
There was however, company drill and dress parade. 
The Colonel expressed a desire to enlarge the privileges 
of the camp provided there were no violations of dis- 
cipline and good order. It is not his purpose to im- 
pose unnecessary restrictions upon the men, and they 
can by good conduct at any moment remove those 
which necessity compelled him to impose. A Eegi- 
ment of 100 days men, encamped in our rear left for 
the front at 10 o'clock, P. M., We expect to go next 
— if not, we shall be disappointed. Great cheering 
was given by the departing regiment, which continued 
until the sound died in the distance. A E,emment 
from Massachusetts, one thousand strong, emerged 
from the woods in rear of our camp this afternoon and 
commenced battalion movements, all of which were 
handsomely executed. It is the best drilled Eegiment 
yet seen and will compare favorably with our own. 
Our Eegiment can and has performed the same move- 
ments and is still improving at every drill. Some of 
our Captains are somewhat deficient and the sooner 
they brighten up the better. The boys arrested a man 
this afternoon in the vicinity of the camp, and brought 


him to the Ooloners tent. He wore grey clothes, had 
on a suspicious slouched hat and rode a fast horse, a 
better horse than the boys thought the man had a 
right to ride. The boys who made the arrest were 
much chagrined when informed that the supposed spy 
was a neighboring farmer riding about in search of 
his cows. 

July 30. Dry weather still continues. One idle 
day in camp is nearly as bad as a battle, as idleness 
is the devil's workshop. For the want of something 
else to do, a plan was concocted ^Ho go through the 
Sutler," again some time at night. After dark a loud 
yell was heard about his tent, and it soon became 
known that the Sutler had out-flanked his enemies. 
A strong guard was stationed to protect his property 
and none was taken. The justification given for this 
attempt to tear him out, is that his prices are exorbi- 
tant and unreasonable. It seems to have been forgot- 
ten that the Government supplies in great abundance, 
sufficient for a man in good health, such wdiolesome 
food as excellent bacon, fresh beef, bread, (hard and 
soft,) rice, beans, and coffee, and what has the Sutler 
better than these? 

Sunday, July 31. No change in the weather; the 
heat oppressive, causing much suffering and reducing 
our water supply. The creek in rear of camp is nearly 
dry, having but few pools that contain over an inch of 

192d regiment. 23 

Avater. We are still waiting patiently for the pioneer 
mules carrying paniers. The boys are ready for the 
work whenever ordered. 

This afternoon surprise was caused by the reception 
of an order to march at 8 o'clock to-morrow morning 
for Fort McHenry. It is currently reported that the 
outfit for service in the field is to be furnished there, 
and the whole Eegiment is greatly elated with the fine 
l)rospect before it. The Colonel says nothing, nor do 
any of his ofiicers. The men do their own conjecturing, 
and are always ready to exercise the Yankee's priv- 
ilege of guessing at what is to be done. During the 
morning, religious services were held in Camp, con- 
ducted by our Chaplain, ex-officio, Mr. Hutchinson, 
a student of divinity, who performs the part of soldier, 
preacher, actor and teacher with equal ability. Mr. 
HucKLE, an old and valued friend of Company E, paid 
us a visit from Philadelphia. He was warmly received 
and quartered with the Company officers during his 
brief stay. The rebel invasion into Pennsylvania 
causes a great deal of uneasiness in camp. They 
cannot see why ordered into a Fort almost within the 
border of our State, but where wc can be of no service. 
It is our intention to repel the enemy wherever found, 
but the propriety of the thing is not so apparent that 
while the destroyer is doing his work in our own "State, 
wo shouM be defending a secesh city. We ought to 


serve our friends first, afterwards strangers, who are 
not our friends. But, we obey orders, without a why 
or wherefore, whatever private opinion may be. 

August 1. A new month, and we hope too, for new 
things. Got an early breakfast, and a capital one it 
was. After breakfast, struck tents and packed knap- 
sacks for Fort McHenry. Eetired from Camp Mankin 
at 10 A. M., and marched to Baltimore under a scorch- 
ing sun and amid sufibcating clouds of dust. Marched 
around the Battle-Monument, each Company as it 
neared the monument, singing the Star-Spangled Ban- 
ner, and at the conclusion of each stanza, cheering, 
that struck terror into the hearts of the skulking 
traitors of Baltimore. Pleached the Fort at 12 M., 
pretty well fatigued. Found the 7th Ohio National 
Guard of Cincinnati, in possession of the Fort, who 
soon vacated quarters, formed in line on the parade- 
ground, and in a few moments they filed past our 
extensive line and went their way rejoicing for Ohio. 
Our guards were immediately detailed and posted. 
We were placed in very comfortable quarters, in tents 
and frame houses, on the water side of the fort, front- 
ing the city. There are some five hundred rebel pris- 
oners confined here, among them are a few political 
prisoners. They are strictly guarded, yet ever and 
anon, some expert traitor manages to escape, in one 
way or another. The grounds of the fort are some 

192d regiment. 25 

twenty acres in area; the fort facing south, on the 
junction of the two rivers. The grounds are in bad 
condition, showing an utter neglect as to drainage or 
proper construction. There is a great deal of filth 
around the cooking houses, which ought not to exist 
in any well-regulated fort. On the western side of 
the fort is located a small burial place, containing over 
a hundred new graves, — soldiers w^ho died in the ser- 
vice since 1862. Each grave has a neat wooden head- 
board, giving the name, age, regiment, and company 
of the deceased. Our Colonel has declined taking up 
his quarters in the interior of the fort, containing neat 
and well furnished houses for officers, and has pitched 
his tent on the extreme southern end of the land, 
within a few feet of the water- wall. Half the Eegi- 
ment have also pitched their tents here, and are more 
comfortable than those in the frame cabins, where 
vermin abound. 

August 2. The regular routine of garrison duty 
occupied the attention of the officers and men all day. 
Towards evening there was a slight sprinkling of rain, 
a matter as important to a soldier confined within 
narrow limits as rations. The rain compensated for 
half rations which were supplied to-day. Many of the 
boys rigged up fishing-tackle for crab catching, and 
with very rude instruments, many haversacks were 
filled with this excellent shell-fish. Thev can be 


causrht in abundance off the water battery, and from 
the boat-landing extending some distance in the river. 
Garrison duty rigidly enforced. Incompetent men 
removed from post to give place to others better 
qualified. All will be taught in due process of time. 
The following is the order of business for the govern- 
ment of the garrison : — 

First call for Reveille at early dawn ; Pteveille 15 
minutes after first call ; Fatigue 15 minutes after 
Reveille ; Recall 15 minutes after Fatigue ; Breakfast, 
6 A. M.; Surgeon's call, 6J; Guard mounting, 7J; 
Artillery drill, 9 ; Recall, lOJ ; 1st Sergeant's call, 12 ; 
Dinner, V2\ M.; Fatigue, IJ P. M.; Recall, 2; In- 
fantry drill, 3 ; Recall, 4J ; Dress Parade, three-quar- 
ters of an hour before sun down ; First call for Tattoo, 
9 o'clock ; Tattoo 9-15 ; Taps, 9-30 ; Sunday morning 
inspection, 7 J A. M. ; Church call 11 o'clock. 

The prisoners are not allowed to leave their quarters. 
These quarters are two commodious brick buildings, 
well ventilated and furnished with such comforts as 
the prisoners can procure. They are supplied with 
the regular army rations. A number of prisoners, 
such as deserters and bounty-jumpers employed daily 
at sweeping the streets, policing camp, and pumping 
water for the garrison, all under the supervision of the 
proper guard. 

August 3. The day passed quietly. The heat was 

192d regiment. 27 

imabated in intonRity until towards evcnincr, when a 
cool river wind set in, much to the relief of all There 
is no shelter but that afforded by the tents. The 
garrison band for the first time, passed along the 
Eegimental line at dress parade. Officers were re- 
quested to provide themselves with white gloves and 
dress uniform. The boys during the day, amused 
themselves catching crabs and fish, and he was a poor 
fisherman who failed getting his haversack full. Ee- 
ligious services held in the chapel this evening; the 
Eegiment furnishing preacher, choir and congregation. 
August 4. This day set apart by Congress for 
fasting and prayer, no military duty required, with 
the exception of guard mounting. The regular chaplain 
of the fort preached morning and evening. Services 
well attended. Some of the boys, however, fastened 
upon the crabs and preyed upon them to their entire 
satisfaction. A number of excursion parties from the 
city passed the^ort. They did not display the American 
flag. There is still opposition to the Government in 
the city which is only restrained by the military power, 
and it would break out in open violence at any favorable 
moment. The retreat of M'Causland from Chambers- 
burg, after he had burned the town, has somewhat 
damped their ardor, — they expected him to capture 
Baltimore and proclaim it part of Jeff"s domain. They 
will never live to see this accomplished, should their 


worthless lives be spared ten tliousand years. Officers 
and men are not permitted to enter the city except 
on business of an official character. 

August 5. Orders to-day changed the number of 
the Regiment from the 20th to the 192d Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, 8th Army Corps, under command of Gen. 
Lew. Wallace. A very large number of orders from 
General Head Quarters were read at dress parade. 
Among them one dismissing a Lieutenant of the Ohio 
regiment which we relieved, for drunkenness ; also con- 
venino; a court-martial for the trial of offenders in our 
own Regiment; also, four or five orders in reference 
to the government of the camp ; one prohibiting officers 
and men from loafing on the battlements of the fort, 
and forbidding soldiers appearing beyond their quarters 
in shirt-sleeves. Five rebel prisoners escaped from the 
Hospital last night and are at large. There is some- 
thing rotten in Denmark as to this escape, and the 
matter ought to be investigated. • 

August 6. Happened to be one of the guard on 
duty in the interior of the Fort for 24 hours, on first 
relief. Brig. General W. W. Moeris officer in com- 
mand, holding one of the oldest commissions now in ser- 
vice, cannot easily be outranked by any modern Gene- 
i-al who may come along. This veteran of many battles 
entered his office in the interior of the fort at 9 o'clock 
A. M. The General was saluted in passing with the 

192d regiment. 29 

usual honors of the guard ; ho acknowledged the palu- 
tation, removing his hat stiffly, until he had passed 
the guard. He is a man far advanced in years, not 
less than seventy years of age, tall and commanding, 
in appearance still, although time has slightly bowed 
his stalwart frame. He is a military man all over and 
will remain so until the last taps summon him to ano- 
ther sphere. A devoted Union man or he would not 
be here. His largest rifled guns and villianous look- 
ing cohorns are pointed towards the city, where he 
placed them when Marshal Kane ruled in Baltimore. 
The interior of the fort is oval, having but one entrance, 
called the sally-port ; this space in area is about one 
hundred feet by eighty, surrounded by battlements 
bearing upon all points. Each division contains a bat- 
tery of from five to twenty heavy guns, some of them 
rifled pieces, with mortars and cohorns planted at in- 
tervals. Many of the heaviest, facing the city. Happily 
the citizens of Baltimore returned to their allegiance 
and to their senses in time to save themselves from 
experiencing the dreadful consequences of their trea- 
son, although a large number of them are still disloyal. 
The interior barracks are well constructed, two storied 
brick, well lighted and good ventilation. There is 
room for 400 men. A well supplies water of good 
quality for the entire fort. The water is pumped into 
a tank, and the pump is worked with levers requiring 

30 joiRXAi. «>F Tin: 

from six to eight men. This pumping is done by deser- 
ters and bounty jumpers, and soldiers sentenced by 
Court-MartiaL They are obliged to pump from early 
dawn to taps, without ceasing, as a vast quantity of 
water is needed for camp use and it is used ad lihitmn. 
Free access to the pumps and hydrants is had by all 
needing water, which is the only freedom allowed on 
the premises. 

In one of the neat little brick buildings, on the right 
of the sally-port, is the residence of a State prisoner, a 
Mr. Walter Lexnox, ex-Mayor of Washington City, 
confined here by an order of the Secretary of War, 
since the 3d of July, 1863. His crime consisted in vio- 
lating his oath of allegiance, and his imprisonment is 
to continue until the rebellion is crushed. Lennox is 
allowed the privilege of walking the yard ; in all other 
respects he is closely guarded. The prisoner is said 
to be in possession of considerable wealth ; but what is 
wealth, social position, and high ofiice to a man who is a 
traitor to his country ? What were Arnold's great vic- 
tories over the British to him after he had attempted 
to betray his post at West Point into the hands of 
the foe ? And to such a man as Lennox, his position 
now compared with what it was, before he raised his 
hands against his country that made him what he was, 
is a melancholy one indeed. Confinement or the gnaw- 
mg of a guilty conscience have evidently undermined 

r.>i!i) llKdlMKNT. :»1 

hi.s health, for apparently, he Avas once a vigorous and 
healthy man. He is about sixty years of age, tall and 
well built, with a downcast look, as though his trea- 
son was burning him to the core. His mind too, is 
said to be giving way, which is the worst incident of 
his great crime. Surely the way of the transgressor 
is hard. Let his fate be a warning and a lesson to 
traitors for all time to come. In the adjoining cells 
are other prisoners — soldiers, offenders against the laws 
and discipline of the army. One of them, confined in 
a dark dungeon for running the guard to get into the 
city, his third or fourth offence, is worthy of a passing 
notice. He is a young man, of prepossessing appear- 
ance, fine eye and countenance, and of more than com- 
mon intelligence. He is too, an accomplished flutist, 
giving us some splendid specimens of music on that 
instrument. He also acknowledges the justice of his 
punishment and is very desirous for its termination, 
and to be restored to duty. 

Sunday, August 7. Late breakfast, owing to the 
absence of the bread ration. No fatigue duty to-day, 
and camp very quiet. The services in the Cha])el 
were attended by a respectable congregation, and the 
choir was led by oiir p()[)u]ar Surgoon, Dr. KiUK. 
Our preacher delivered a very clever sermon. This 
gentleman broke down on the march from Baltimore 
to Mankin's Park ; and he has since performed but 


little military duty. He is however, making liimself 
useful in other respects, taking in hand the boys of the 
drum corps, who need training other than that given 
on the drum head by Major Tayloe, our worthy Chief 
drummer. Our preacher too, talks to the boys of 
larger growth, but upon these he has as yet made but 
little impression. 

August 8. A very hot day and the tents too hot 
to live in them. Find relief along shore where some 
little current of fresh air can be found ; Lieut. Valen- 
tine Lewis, an officer well qualified for the post, was 
to-day appointed by Gen. Morris, Assistant Provost 
Marshal of the Fort. At 6 o'clock P. M. the whole 
Eegiment was marched into the ramparts of the fort, 
and the space accommodated all when in position in 
the rear of the guns. After glancing at these monster 
shooting irons for some ten minutes, and wondering 
all the time as to the object of the movement, the whole 
body upon the command to '^about face" retreated from 
the fort and then dismissed. The movement was sug- 
gestive of the lines of Hudibras : 

"The King of France, with thirty thousand men 
Marched up a hill and then marched down again." 

The officer of the day, Capt. McQuaid, for a breach 
of discipline in reference to ^^ twine,'' "^ was arrested, 
admonished, and restored. 

*Twine is the name given to intoxicating liquors smuggled 
into camp. 

192d regiment. 33 

August 9. The Eegimeiit was called up at 5 o'clock, 
A. M., at first call for Eeveillo, and marched into the 
exterior of the fort, facing the batteries. A Lieutenant 
detailed for the purpose by the War Department, soon 
presented himself, and at once took charge of the men. 
He stationed the men in squads, the number required 
for the handling of each gun, some forty pieces. Each 
gun required a Sergeant or Corporal, and five men. 
They counted off — 1, 2, 3, 4, Gunner, — two on each 
side of the piece, and the gunner at the centre of the 
breach. The exercise was deeply interesting, and 
delighted the men beyond measure. The officer was 
stationed on top of the nearest rear rampart, which 
gave him a view of each man and his movements, 
while his commands were given in a pleasant, yet firm, 
distinct tone of voice. His explanations and instruc- 
tions were easily understood, and obeyed quickly by 
the students in this to them new branch of the service. 
Cols. Thomas and Taylor were present, overlooking 
the performance. It was something more earnest than 
the view taken of the position of things last evening. 
Two hours were devoted to the drill. At 6 P. M., the 
Regiment was again marched into the ramparts. The 
officer arranged his men as previously, counting off 
enough for seventeen pieces, and, having completed the 
work, he took charge of the officers, and to their sur- 
prise and the amusement of the privates, placed them 


in charge of the guns, requesting them to point out to 
the men the several parts of the gun as he successively- 
named them. Here is where the laugh came in, but 
it was a moderate, sensible laugh. But few could point 
out the part of the piece indicated by the Lieutenant; 
but, before he had concluded, the whole gun was fully 
explained in all its parts, and the whole party was as 
well posted as though artillery had been their special 

Auo'ust 10. A funeral and a death in the fort to-dav. 
Second funeral since our arrival here. The deceased 
soldier belonged to the regular army, and died of dis- 
ease contracted in the service. The soldier who died 
to-day was also a regular. His death was caused by 
coup dsoliel. The usual duties of the fort were alone 
performed. There Avas no further artillery practice. 
The Lieutenant in command expressed himself in high 
terms of praise of the good conduct of the men ; that 
they had done better than others equally as inexpe- 
rienced, and regretted that they could no longer con- 
tinue the practice so well begun. It was unofficially 
stated this evening that the Eegiment would retire 
from Fort McHenry to a post westward. Johnson's 
Island, Ohio, was indicated as our probable destination. 
During the time of our stay here, the whole command 
w^as fully employed. There was no shirking or reluct- 
ance to do duty, but all were promptly ready when 

102d regiment. 35 

ordered. In the midst of the heavy pressure upon all, 
the men still found time for amusement and improve- 
ment. Spare hours in the evening were often passed 
in singing patriotic and other songs, and it would be 
an act of injustice not to place some of them on record, 
so that when the war is over, somebody can sing them, 
who would probably otherwise not be aware of their 
having been in existence. This song was a favorite : — 



In the black terror-night, 

On yon mist-shrouded hill, 
Slowly, with footsteps light, 

Stealthy, and grim, and still, 
Like ghost in winding sheet 

Eisen at midnight bell, 
Over his lonely beat 

Marches the sentinel ! 

In storm-defying cloak — 

Hand on his trusty gun — 
Heart, like a heart of oak — 

Eve, never-setting sun ; 
Speaks but the challenge-shout. 

All foes without the line, 
Heeds but to solve the doubt, 

Watchword and countersign. 


Campward the watch-fires gleam 

Beacon-like in the gloom ; 
Round them his comrades dream 

Pictures of youth and home. 
While in his heart the bright 

Hope-fires shine everywhere, 
In love's enchanting light 

Memory lies dreaming there. 

Faint, through the silence come 

From the foe's grim array, 
Growl of impatient drum 

Eager for morrow's fray; 
Echo of song and shout, 

Curse and carousal glee. 
As in a fiendish rout 

Demons at revelry. 

Close, in the gloomy shade 

Danger lurks ever nigh — 
Grasping his dagger-blade 

Crouches the assassin spy ; 
Shrinks at the guardsman's tread, 

Quails 'fore his gleaming eyes, 
Creeps back with baflied hate, 

Cursing his cowardice. 

Naught can beguile his bold 
Unsleeping vigilance ; 

E'en in the fire-flame, old 
Visions unheeded dance. 

192d regiment. 

Fearless of lurking spy, 

Scornful of wassail-swell, 
With an undaunted eye 

Marches the sentinel. 

Low, to his trusty gun. 

Eagerly w:hispers he, 
** "Wait, with the morning sun 

March we to victory. 
Fools, into Satan's clutch 

Leaping ere dawn of day : 
He who would fight must watch, 

He who win must pray.'' 

Pray ! for the night hath wings 

Watch, for the foe is near; 
March ! till tlie morning brings 

Fame-wreath or soldier's bier. 
So shall the poet write, 

When all hath ended well, 
"Thus through the nation's night 

Marched Freedom's sentinel." 

August 11. Between 12 and 1 o'clock this morning 
troops were heard marching into the fort, and at day- 
light, there was to be seen an entire regiment in repose, 
stretched on the ground, and without tents. It was 
from Massachusetts, and came for the purpose of 
relieving the 192d. Preparations were at once com- 
menced for the march to some other point. Bade 
adieu to Fort McHenry at 12 o'clock, and marched to 



tlie depot of tlie ISTortli Central Pennsylvania Railroad, 
where we remained until 4 P. M., waiting for transpor- 
tation. The march from the fort was a very severe one, 
owing to the heat of the day. Quite a number of men 
fell out of the ranks from exhaustion, caused by the 
pressure of the sun. In a short-time after halting, all 
the men had come up, and the delay in obtaining trans- 
portation afforded ample time for the recovery of the 

August 12. Reached Harrisburg at 6 o'clock this 
morning, having had a comfortable ride all night. 
There was ample room in the cars for the comfort of 
all. The accommodations on the road are of the very 
best kind, and no pains are spared to supply soldiers 
with every convenience that the heavy traveling will 
allow. Changed engines at this point, — halted for half 
an hour, and started with fresh speed for Pittsburg. 
Crossed the AUeghenies at sunset. The scenery was 
beautiful. The valleys below, glistened in golden light. 
To those who had never seen it before, the view was 
to them exceedingly interesting. Px^eached the City of 
Pittsburg at 11 P. M. Found a Philadelphia Regiment 
stretched along the street waiting for transporta- 
tion en route for Chicago. On our arrival, an 
invitation from the Pittsburg Refreshment Saloon 
Committee was given to the Regiment. In a few 
moments the muskets were stacked and the companies 

192d RE(iIMENT. 39 

on thoir way to the paloon. The hirge Hall was bril- 
liantly illuminated. Young men and ladies, the pride 
and beauty of the city awaited at the tables, and the 
boards groaned with the weight of the great variety 
of food with which they were laden. It was a repast 
which would have delighted the heart of a King, and 
w^as extremely grateful to the soldier, who, in this 
cause, is mfinitely a better man than the greatest 
King that ever lived. If the world will not admit it, 
at least they felt so. It is proper to say that all along 
the road from Baltimore to Pittsburg, the people, with- 
out exception, cheered and waived their hats, and every 
token of loyalty was given that could be desired or 
expected. The train itself, too, was a novel sight, — 
half the men had mounted the top of the cars, waving 
flags and cheering vociferously in response to those 
from citizens. 

August 13. At 4 o'clock the Eegiment was again 
on board the train westward bound, either for Chicago, 
Johnson's Island or elsewhere. As we passed along, 
it became settled that w-e were going to the latter 
place. The engine whirled us through a rich agricul- 
tural region, the corn blades pointed heavenward, not 
earthward, as in Dixie, and such corn ! Hundreds of 
bushels to the acre, and thousands of them. Met with 
an accident on the Pittsburg and Cleveland Railroad, 
which detained us for some half an hour. When at 


full speed, 30 miles an hour, the wheels of one of the 
cars struck a sunken rail ; the sill supporting the rail 
having become rotten. The force of the concussion 
threw the middle cars of the train from the track. In 
this condition the car ran obliquely over the sills and 
along the track for one-quarter of a mile, vdien the 
engineer discovered something wrong and stopped his 
engine, just as the car, and perhaps the whole train, 
was within a few inches of being precipitated down a 
steep embankment of some fifty feet descent. It was 
a narrow escape from a very serious accident. The 
train was placed in running order in a few moments, 
and started ofi" again at renewed speed to make up lost 
time. Arrived at Cleveland at 10 o'clock this evening : 
halted for a short time, and again started for our 

Ausrust 14. Traveled all niolit over a smooth road, 
judging from the fact that all the soldiers on the train 
slept soundly, and in blissful ignorance of their where- 
abouts. Arrived at our destination this morning at 6 
o'clock, in the city of Sandusky, Ohio, and within 
sight of Johnson's Island. This island is one of con- 
siderable magnitude, located in Sandusky Bay, tw^o and 
a half miles from the city. It is also heavily timbered. 
There is a gunboat anchored some distance from shore, 
in range with the quarters occupied by the rebel pris- 
oners. We remained just where the train stopped. 

102d RECITMENT. 41 

until 10 o'clock, when a small steamboat, called tlie 
Princess, steamed up to the wharf, having in tow a 
still more diminutive schooner, upon which to convey 
the Regiment to the island. The right wing embarked 
on board, and was soon on its way. In one hour and 
a half the transports returned, and the left wing was 
also taken to the island. In a short time an abundant 
supply of fresh bread was distributed to the men, fol- 
lowed by a large supply of bacon. The men were now 
as happy as lords, and with a will commenced at once 
gathering poles to pitch tents. Before sundown every 
man was snugly housed, and the camp finely planted 
with houses that had been, a few hours before, on the 
backs of the men. The passage of the command over 
a long line of railroad, with but few stopping places, 
and only one, Pittsburg, where one meal was obtained, 
was not without incidents of an unpleasant character, 
and it is doubted whether the same number of men 
could travel the same distance, under similar circum- 
stances, without committing more acts of impropriety. 
The cause originated in a short supply of food; after 
leaving Pittsburg, scarcely a haversack could be found 
that contained an ounce of meat or a particle of bread. 
Some alleged that they had eaten their five day's 
rations ; and others, that they were not supplied with 
the amount required by army regulations. Without 

deciding which statement is the true one, it was clear 


to tlie most opaque conception that tlie men were with- 
out food. The result was, that at each stopping place 
more than half the Eegiment was on the wing in quest 
of forage. All houses within reach were entered, and 
by purchase, begging or stealth, deprived of everything 
eatable that could be found. In nearly all cases, the 
people let these hungry men have all they wanted, 
without money and without price; and it is certain 
that but little money was requisite to buy what was 
not given. But the foraging, in too many instances, 
was not confined to the obtaining of food ; embold- 
ened by success, a few individuals seized all property 
within reach that was convenient to carry away. Arti- 
cles of kitchen use, watches, hats, and a variety of stuff 
too numerous to mention, was carried off. A boy who, 
probably, never stole anything in his life before, (for 
he had more than he could conceal,) came out of a 
house some two hundred yards from the train. The 
Colonel saw him coming with his load of plunder, when 
that gentleman advanced upon the thief and outflanked 
him. The articles, as a result, were immediately re- 
turned to the owner ; and, after that, there was little, 
if any, pilfering carried on. Five day's rations were 
ordered at Fort McHenry, — that is, food for five days. 
The quantity provided by law, as regulated by the War 
Department, in General Order No. 226, is as follows : 
'' The ration is twelve ounces of pork or bacon, or 

192d regiment. 43 

one pound and four ounces of palt or frosli beef ; 
eighteen ounces of soft bread or Hour, or twelve ounces 
of hard bread, or one pound and four ounces of corn 
meal ; and to every one hundred rations, fifteen pounds 
of beans or peas, or ten pounds of rice or hominy ; ten 
pounds of green coffee or eight pounds of roasted (or 
roasted or ground) cofiee, or one pound and eight 
ounces of tea ; fifteen pounds of sugar ; four quarts of 
vinegar ; one j^ound and four ounces of adamantine or 
star candles ; four pounds of soap ; three pounds and 
twelve ounces of salt, and four ounces of pepper. The 
Subsistence Department, as may be most convenient 
or least expensive to it, and according to the condition 
and amount of its supplies, shall determine whether 
soft bread or flour, and what other component parts of 
the ration, shall be issued. 

On a campaign or march, or on board transports, 
the ration of bread is one pound. 

Beans, peas, salt and potatoes, (fresh) shall be pur- 
chased, issued and sold by weight, and the bushel of 
each shall be estimated at sixty pounds. 

When deemed necessary, fresh vegetables, dried 
fruit, molasses, pickles, or any other proper food, may 
be purchased and issued in lieu of any component part 
of the ration of equal money value. The Commissary 
General of Subsistence is alone authorized to order 
such purchases." 


It is certain that neither the men nor their haver- 
sacks could hold or carry the amount of food above 
mentioned, and for five days ; nor did they receive the 
whole of this amount at the starting point. There was 
evidently a mistake in the matter ; which, with more 
enlarged experience, will not be likely to occur again 
to the same men. 

August 15. The forenoon was devoted to an exam- 
ination of the Island, which was full of live-stock, not 
of that kind that Kobinson Crusoe found on Juan Fer- 
nandez. The live-stock found here is a biped — a trai- 
tor, and their number is considerable. This place is 
nearly a circle, rock bound, so that the washing of the 
water cannot invade the land. There are also some 
fine oak and sycamore trees on every part of it — it is 
weU shaded. There is a standing order forbidding any 
one to injure or destroy the trees. The rebels have very 
comfortable quarters here. Their houses which they 
occupy are neatly put up, with plenty of light and 
ventilation, and an abundance of food. It sickens the 
heart while contemplating the treatment of our pris- 
oners at Eichmond and Belle Isle, as contrasted with 
the princely munificence enjoyed by the rebel prisoners 
on this Island. But it must not be forgotten that the 
people of the I^orth have for over one hundred years 
deprived themselves of the civilizing, christian power 
of slavery, and have diverged from that point where 

192d regiment. 45 

fiends in liiiman shape starve their prisoners to death, 
and after death convert their bones into trinkets for 
hidies, and their skulls into drinking cu[)S for gentle- 
men, to another point, where no such inhuman bru- 
tality upon men thrown into our hands by the fortunes 
of war is practised. From haggard, almost fleshless 
men, due to the hard service of the rebel army, these 
prisoners have become portly and lazy, and should 
thev ever aQ;ain return home, few will be able to estab- 
lish their identity, for even here, no one can believe 
what they say, owing to a weakness, that of lying, which 
seems to be a constitutional complaint among the chiv- 
alry. At 3 o'clock P. M. we received orders to pack 
knapsacks, to leave the Island. This was strange news 
to us, as the Ohio Eegiment here on our arrival, and 
whose term of enlistment had expired, was on the 
point of leaving. All hands packed up at once and 
the Eegiment was ready to go. Instead of marching 
away however, the whole command was simply moved 
from the camp some ten feet, and, under an order from 
Col. Thomas, the men were ordered to unsling knap- 
sacks, when the proper officers at once entered upon 
the search for the property stolen at various places 
along our route. The search occupied the whole after- 
noon, and the fruits of it was the recovery of the 
watches, there being information of eight having been 
stolen ; the offenders were taken into custody. Thus 


cleansed and purified tlie boys slept soundly on John- 
son's Island, confident tliat justice would be done 
should the heavens fall. 

August 16. Our sojourn on the Island was of short 
duration. It was Ions; enouoli however to form a 
slight acquaintance, (all that was desirable,) with some 
of the rebel prisoners. These conversed freely with 
our own men touching lightly the cause of their impris- 
onment. The more industrious and ingenious of them 
were evidently '^on the make" in a small way, and 
had made very handsome finger rings, breast-pins, and 
other trinkets out of cannel coal, ornamented with 
leaves, hearts, and shields, sunk into the cannel. The 
boys eagerly bought them at prices ranging from 
twenty-five cents to two dollars. Heceived orders to 
pack knapsacks and strike tents at 10 A. M. Did 
so, some of us to our sorrow, for it shortly afterwards 
commenced raining and we did not leave the camp 
until 4 P. M. We found out on this as on other pre- 
vious occasions, that military movements were '^mighty 
uncertain." At last the E.egimental hue was formed, 
and amid a soaking rain the command marched to the 
levee and the whole of us embarked on ricketty craft, 
small steamboats and flat boats, which carried us safely 
across the bay, at a speed popularly known as ''a snails 
pace." To have moved faster would have undoubtedly 
pitched those on the flats to the bottom of the Bay, 

192d regiment. 47 

as the slightest panic wouhl have upset the transport. 
The whole Eegiment was on the bay at once, every 
part of the vessels covered with men, so that nothing 
but a huge blue spot could be seen floating slowly on 
the bosom of the deep. The sight was a grand one. 
The train bound South was in readiness, and in an 
hour all were on their way to a new destination. 

August 17. Traveled steadily onward all night, 
with but few stoppages, and then only for a few mo- 
ments. As we passed along, the inhabitants rushed 
to their doors and windows, and discovering us to be 
soldiers, raised a shout in which men, women and 
children joined. The people of Ohio are eminently 
loyal notwithstanding it is the home of such vipers as 
Vallandigham, Cox, and Medary. The latter has 
gone to the Copperhead heaven, prepared for such 
from the foundation of the earth, and where his Sa- 
tanic majesty since his fall, holds his sombre soirees. 
Reached Columbus, the Capital of Ohio at 12 noon. 
Eemained at the depot a few minutes, and started 
off again Southward. Passed through a rich and 
beautiful country, semi-prairie, with vast fields of 
golden maize in view, and on magnificent meadow 
fields were grazing cattle equally as magnificent. 
The finest cows in the world flourish in all their 
beauty on these vast and luxuriant plains. Palsied 
be the hand that w^ould sever the Ohio from the 


Sisterliood of States, and hand over to anarchy and 
bloodshed these luxuriant plains given by a kind Creator 
to his creatures, where the pen and not the sword 
was to rule. Traveled all day at a rapid rate of 
speed. Everybody that had a glimpse of our flight 
across the State gave us a cheer or some other token 
of delight. 

Auecust 18. The morning; dawned and found us 
still on the cars moving endways to our journey's end. 
The Regiment was on board of two trains, in order 
to reach our destination speedily. Landed at Hamden, 
a god-forsaken and desolate place this afternoon at 3 
o'clock, but not without encountering several mishaps, 
fortunately without casualties of a serious kind. The 
rains had washed the track of the road, causing the 
rails to spread when near this place. The first train 
passed over safely, but the one containing the Colonel, 
the horses, and some 600 men, was not so lucky. The 
horse-car was untracked several times, and other cars 
shared the same fate. These mishaps detained the 
Colonel's train several hours, but at last his train 
emerged from between the mountains and joined us in 

our camp on the outskirts of the town. This 

part of Ohio is exceedingly mountainous and well 
stored in mineral wealth. Iron is exceedingly abun- 
dant and several fine smelting furnaces were met on 
the roadside, in this vicinity. The railroad is a miser- 

192d regiment. 49 

able concern, and the wonder is that whole trains are 
not precipitated into gullies of vast depth over which 
are perched, on shaking trestlework, the rails of the 
road. On landing, all hands went to work for the pur- 
pose of bivouacking in the field, awaiting transporta- 
tion. Towards evening a detail of thirty men was 
made, under command of Adjutant Roney, to arrest 
a number of rebel outlaws who had been committing 
depredations upon the property of loyal citizens for 
some time. They were represented as desperate char- 
acters, who had sworn never to be taken alive. The 
detachment started off" at dusk, to a point some ten 
miles from Camp, where they were to be joined l'>y the 
Provost Marshal of the district, and that ofiicer not 
complying with the arrangements previously made, 
as he did not appear, the detachm.ent returned without 
having accomplished its object. Adjutant Roney 
deserves great praise for the efficient manner in which 
he discharged his duty on this occasion. 

August 19. The men slept soundly in the open air, 
not having pitched their tents. Awoke at 4 o'clock, 
A. M., in the midst of rain. Remained on the field 
all forenoon, the men employing themselves cooking 
rations which had been liberally and abundantly sup- 
plied. There was no grumbling whatever, and all 
were happy as could be. The town contains more 
copperheads than Union people, and in the course of 


the morning it was found that some of these were 
prowling about the camp, in the corn-fields, to waylay 
any of our men who might fall unarmed into their 
clutches. One old man, a sinner of the deepest dye, 
was captured in a corn-field, where he w^as found con- 
cealed, with his gun cocked and primed, determined to 
shoot any one who might approach. The old man was 
a picture in himself, — old and hardened, ignorant and 
dii^ty ; his face was covered with a beard that would 
have done honor to Mahomet, and his eyes glared 
vengeance upon his captors. His gun was taken from 
him, and found loaded nearly to the muzzle. The 
marauder was admonished, his gun given to him and 
discharged. Left for Portland at 2 o'clock, P. M.; 
distance thirty miles, on cars improvised for our accom- 
modation, seated on railroad sills, which answered the 
purpose of seats very well. Beached Portland at 
4 o'clock, and encamped all around the village. Farm 
produce is at a discount here, judging from the prices 
paid for articles purchased by the men. Eggs ten cents 
per dozen, and plenty of them, vegetables gratis. People 
loyal and hospitable. This closed our career on rail- 
roads, for the road to Gallipolis could be seen from an 
eminence on which we w^ere encamped, and no iron 
track was visible. There were twenty-six miles of 
marching to be done, and all looked upon it as a pleas- 
ant walk, although our knapsacks and haversacks were 

102d regiment. 51 

unusually heavy. It is with pardonable satisfaction 
that a note is made of the fact, that, on the whole 
distance from Johnson's Island, no man left the train 
at any place, except to procure water. There was no 
food begged, bought or stolen on the whole route, due 
to the ample provisioning of the men at the starting 

August 20. Started at 9 o'clock, A. M., on our 
march to Gallipolis. Moved off with light and elastic 
step. Even those who were ill with diarrhoea managed 
to keep up. Short and easy marches were made, of 
two and three miles, when a rest of some fifteen minutes 
was given. The sun bore down on the heads of the 
men with great force, but all managed to keep up and 
only the sick straggled. Centreville was reached at 
noon, where all hands took a refreshing repast pre- 
pared by themselves. After dinner, started again : 
and, in a few hours, the command reached Kaccoon 
Creek, — half the distance, when a halt for the night 
was made. Bivouacked in the field in rear of the 
village. Rained during the night, but not in sufficient 
quantity to cause inconvenience. 

August 21. Sunday. All up and doing at day- 
light, — ready to finish the march which, up to this 
point, had been a pleasant one. The sky was darkened 
with threatening, heavy clouds, and it was clear to all 
that a hard rain would be our portion. On the road 


scarcely an hoiir^ when the floodgates of heaven opened 
upon us. The rain came down in torrents, and to the 
farmer, whose corn was perishing for the want of 
moisture, — there having been no rain here for six 
weeks, it was a welcome god-send, and, indeed to us, 
it was viewed in the same light, although the torrents 
on the road and in the gullies and creeks greatly im- 
peded our progress. The water and mud soon became 
knee-deep, and some of the creeks and streams crossing 
the road so swollen as to be almost impassible. The 
men plunged into the boiling fluid, and emerged on 
the other side wiser and dirtier men than they had 
ever been before. Gen. Burnside could not march 
upon Fredericksburg through mud of the same depth, 
and it need not surprise any one, that troops unaccus- 
tomed to such a march gave signs of caving. The 
rain did not cease the whole afternoon, and marching 
became difiicult and dangerous. Men frequently fell 
and slipped into ditches, from which they were dragged 
by their companions. When within two miles of Gal- 
lipolis, Col. Thomas ordered a halt, and selecting the 
best ground that could be found, made preparations 
for camping previous to reporting his arrival to the 
Commander of the Post. In a few hours, all the strag- 
glers in the rear came up, and were regaled and revived 
with strong cofiee and food prepared by those who came 
in with the advance. A number of men, more vigorous 

192d regiment. 53 

or aml)itions tlian tlic rest, did not halt at the camp, 
passing into the town and quartering tliomselves upon 
the inhabitants, and at hotels and groggeries. This 
breach of discipline and orders greatly displeased Col. 
Thomas, and he at once took measures to secure the 
prompt return of this class of stragglers. Those from 
the rear were at once ordered to their companies, but 
those broudit in from the front were taken to the 
guard-house, — a commodious blacksmith shop, and if 
an ojfficer, he was deprived of sword, stripes, and other 
insignia of office. At night, the guard-house was full 
of prisoners, and still more of them at large in town. 

August 22. The night was inclement, and the 
ground on which the tents were pitched, wet and 
spongy, so much so that but few escaped a thorough 
soaking /ro??i helow. By unanimous consent, the loca- 
tion was called '' Mud Camp." At noon the sky cleared, 
enabling every one to dry clothes, repair damages and 
fix the tents properly. When we took possession of 
the field, it was green with new-grown clover, which 
afforded food for thousands of grasshoppers. Clover 
and insects disappeared together in a few hours, — 
deeply buried in the mud. The situation of the camp 
on a descent from the Gallipolis road. In the rear of 
the tents was a field of corn, just then in prime con- 
dition for roasting ears. And, on the opposite side of 

the road, there was a much larger field of corn. The 


former was taken and cooked, while the latter remained 
untouched. It was stated by some one that permission 
had been obtained from the owner allowing the corn in 
the lower field for the use of the men, and this field sup- 
plied enough while the Kegiment remained at the place. 
Some pilfering of live stock roaming at large through 
the camp occurred during the da.y. Some persons 
have a strong penchant for fresh pork, and should an 
animal of this kind appear near any camp, especially 
when rations are short, it soon finds its way into the 
mess-pots. Several small porkers were captured and 
served up in good style. The farmer, a rank copper- 
head, missed his pigs, and reported the fact to Col. 
Thomas. Whereupon, at dress parade this evening, 
the Colonel cautioned the men against stealing, — 
declaring that he would hang any one guilty of stealing ; 
stating that several farmers of the neighborhood had 
been plundered of their property, and that the Eegi- 
ment had already gained a bad reputation on this 
account in passing along its route. Immediately after 
dress parade, an ofiicer and a squad of men were seen 
pursuing a porker through the corn-field, which was 
caught and killed. It is fair to suppose that the pig 
was paid for, as nothing further was heard of the 
matter. With this exception, the speech had the 
desired eff'ect, and no further complaints were made. 
The Eegimental Quarter-Master having preceded the 

192d regiment. 65 

Regiment into town, was assigned to quarters some 
distance beyond by the officer in command of the Post, 
under the expectation to be followed by the Regiment. 
But, this did not come to pass ; so that the two were 
some five miles apart. The Chief Quarter-Master, 
Lieut. John J. Franklin, perceiving the state of the 
case and the want of food in camp, at once despatched a 
dozen four-horse wagons loaded with provisions, reach- 
ing us about 8 o'clock, P. M. The guard-house w^as 
now an interesting place. It was full of town strag- 
glers, and the Colonel determined to punish them 
severely. They were fed on bread and water for the 
day, and were likely to remain in confinement over 

August 23. All persons in the guard-house, except 
a few thieves, were released this morning by the Colonel. 
Some merriment was caused this morning on learning 
that Lieut. Col. Taylor was a prisoner at his quar- 
ters — a tavern at the road-side, some one not having 
the fear of hanging before his eyes, had entered the 
chamber of Col. Taylor while that gentleman was 
sleeping soundly, and carried ofi" his pantaloons. The 
Colonel was not released until a new pair had been 
obtained for him by a brother officer. Nothing unusual 
occurred in camp, — men employed themselves exploring 
for water to drink, a very scarce article in this country. 
The wells are deep and soon give out, and there are no 


springs to be found. The creeks too, are soon emptied 
of their contents. The water, as soon as the creeks are 
filled by the rain, rushes to the river, leaving but little 
behind in holes and small pools. These holes are care- 
fully emptied and the water placed into canteens. This 
is the only water fit for drinking that can be found for 
miles around Mud Camp. Soldiers not allowed to enter 
town, except on passes difiicult to obtain. There may 
be some desire to know the distance traveled by the 
Eeo;iment. The followino; is believed to be a correct 
statement, obtained from reliable sources : — 


Philadelphia to Baltimore, 104 
Baltimore to Harrisburg, - 85 
Ilarrisburg to Pittsburg, - 249 
Pittsburg to Cleveland, - 125 
Cleveland to Sandusky, - 60 
Across Bay to Island, - 6 
Sandusky to Newark, - 116 


August 24. Good morals are again in the ascendant. 
The lecture of the Colonel at dress parade last evening 
has had a salutary efiect upon the evil-disposed, aided 
too, with the supply of fresh rations brought to camp. 
There was remarkably good order in camp, and guards 
had no trouble at all keeping the men within the pre- 
scribed limits. New shoes and clothing to those who 
had lost them in the mud or worn them out. The 
government shoes, or gunboats, as the men sometimes 


Newark to Columbus, - 33 

Columbus to Loveland, - 100 

Loveland to Chillicothe, - 73 

Chillicothe to Hamden, - 32 

Hamden to Portland, - 80 

Portland to Gallipolis, - 26 

192d regiment. 57 

facetiously call them, are miserable contrivances. They 
separate at the soles, — the stitching gives way, and, on 
the march, soon become mud-shovels instead of shoes. 
They are also too low ; affording no protection to the 
ankles, aud liable to fill with water. Let it be noted 
that there is not a sick man in the camp, — this is then 
a healthy country ! So mote it be. The boys are in 
a patriotic turn of mind to-day. The following beau- 
tiful song is frequently given in a fine, manly voice by 
Mr. Silas Eeed, a true soldier, and who is in no way 
related to Wm. B., the superanuated copperhead at 
Chestnut Hill, although he bears part of the name : — 



"A song for our banner!" the watchword recall, 

"Which gave the Republic her station ; 
"United we stand — divided we fall!'' 
It made and preserves us a nation ! 

The union of lakes — the union of lands — 

The Union of States none can sever; 
The union of hearts — the union of hands — 
And the Flag of tlie Union forever and ever- 
The tiag of our Union forever. 
'Tis the Star Spanglad Banner, and long may it waive, 
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. 


What God in His wisdom and mercy designed, 

And armed with his weapons of thunder; 
Not all the earth's despots, and factions combined, 
Have the power to conquer or sunder ! 

The union of lakes — the union of lands — 

The Union of States none can sever;* 
The union of hearts— the union of hands — 
And the Flag of the Union forever and ever — 
The Flag of our Union forever. 
'Tis the Star Spangled Banner, and long may it waive, 
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. 

Oh keep the Flag Flying ! — the pride of the Van ! 

To all other nations display it ! 
The Ladies for union are all to a man; 
But not to the man who'd betray it. 

The union of lakes — the union of lands — 

The Union of States none can sever; 
The union of hearts — the union of hands — 
And the Flag of the Union forever and ever — 
The Flag of our Union forever. 
'Tis the Star Spangled Banner, and long may it waive, 
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. 

August 25. Were it not for the good humor of the 
men, which never tires, the present position in this 
miserable hollow would be irksome beyond endurance. 
Time moves slowly, after all. It is not as pleasant 
here by any means as it is walking on the clean and 
dry streets of the City of Brotherly Love. The guard- 
house is empty, — all having paid the penalty of their 

192d regiment. 59 

crimes. The town garrisoned by our guards, who 
arc taken there every morning, remaining 24 hours, 
and taking with them their own rations. Noticed for 
the first time this evening that our Colonel was not in 
the best of humor at dress parade. He ordered one 
man out of ranks for leaning on his gun, which will be 
a lesson for him in the future, and those who indulged 
in the practice of scratching themselves while drilling, 
causing breaks in the line for several files, were very 
properly ordered to perform that operation before and 
after drill. 

August 26. Asked for and received a pass to town, 
affording protection against all guards, patrols, and 
scouts. Passed through the main street leading to 
the levee and government store-houses. These build- 
ings ai'e of vast extent: occupying ground equal to 
Franklin Square — five in number; frame, and filled 
with subsistence stores. Several thousand tons of hay 
are also piled up on the outside, and covered with 
canvas. It is a pretty little town, settled nearly 300 
years ago by French Hugenots, who fled from the 
tyranny of the Church in France. There are but three 
or four descendants of the original settlers remaining. 
The population is stated at 0,000. There are several 
large public schools in operation, and education is 
highly valued and encouraged by all the people. A 
well conducted academy, having some two hundred 


pupils, is in a flourishing condition, supported by- 
private subscription. In tliis institution the higher 
branches of education are taught. Two large flouring 
mills manufacture large amounts of flour, of the best 
quality. Hotels, groceries, — all selling intoxicating 
drinks are here without number. The National Hotel, 
and Garnett House, are most prominent, and are well 
conducted establishments. A very large mill for the 
manufacture of woolen goods is also in full operation. 
On the whole, it is a pleasant town, — people sociable 
and loyal. They are too, a business people ; mercantile 
pursuits being in the ascendant, and all doing a good 

August 27. Struck tents and marched into Gal- 
lipolis this morning at 7 o'clock. On the march, com- 
panies and squads struck up various songs, among 
them, with a tremendous chorus, was heard the popular 
ballad of '' John Brown's body lies mouldering in the 

This song was also sung, and enlivened the march : — 


AiR—Eed, White, and Blue. 

Unsheathed is the sword of the nation ! 

Baptized in the blood of the brave, 
The blade shall be Freedom's salvation 

To break the last bond of the slave. 

192d reuiment. 61 

From river and mountain and valley, 

Goes upward the patriot's vow, 
And the legions of Liberty rally, 

To follow the Sword, Flag, and Plough. 
Chorus. — To follow the Sword, Flag, and Plough, 
To follow the Sword, Flag, and Plough ; 

And the legions of Liberty rally 
To follow the Sword, Flag, and Plough ! 

Unfurl the Free Banner wherever 
The dawnings of victory gleam. 
And perish the traitor's endeavor 
To darken fair Liberty's dream I 
The echoes of triumph are ringing 

Where heroes are conquering now. 
And the valor of Freedmen is bringing 
Success to the Sword, Flag, and Plough ! 

Success to the Sword, Flag, and Plough, 
Success to the Sword, Flag, and Plough ; 
/ And the valor of Freedmen is bringing 

Success to the Sword, Flag, and Plough! 


The Sword is the last liberator 

The Angel of Justice has sent. 
And freeman were false to their nature 

To rivet a chain that is rent 1 
The heart of a people rejoices, 

The symbol of treason must bow, 
And a chorus of jubilant voices 

Hurrah for the Sword, Flag, and Plough ! 



Hurrah for the Sword, Flag, and Plough ! 
Hurrah for the Sword, Flag, and Plough ! 

And a chorus of jubilant voices 
Hurrah for the Sword, Flag, and Plough ! 

A. M. I. 

Companies E and H, were detaclied for guard and 
patrol duty, relieving the Oliioans, who had hitherto 
performed that duty, while the remaining portion of 
the Eegiment continued its march to the Fair Grounds 
and encamped. The Post was in charge of Col. Fer- 
guson, of the 172d Ohio State Guard. This regiment 
numbered 1,000 men, and had garrisoned towns and 
posts up and down the Ohio for a distance of nearly 
200 miles. This duty was hereafter to devolve upon 
us. Col. Ferguson having nearly his entire regiment 
in town, ready for mustering out, brought his com- 
mand upon the public square this afternoon, and, after 
giving the manual of arms, formed his regiment into 
numerous positions on the double-quick, all the move- 
ments showing considerable practice and knowledge 
on the part of the men who executed all the orders of 
their Colonel promptly and handsomely. Col. Fer- 
guson then delivered a farewell address to his regiment. 
Its length forbids its insertion in this Journal. He 
closed by saying that the term for which the men 
enlisted had expired, and that as soon as the man 
with the greenbacks made his appearance, the regiment 

192d regiment. 63 

would bo miLstored out of service. He also remarked 
that they were farmers, au honorable calling which 
they had still more ennobled as soldiers for the defence 
of their government, the Union, their homes and fire- 
sides, and their civil and religious freedom. They had 
shown the world that farmers could be soldiers, of this 
he had convincing and proud proof. The Colonel is 
a veteran, — an old army ofiicer, and every inch a 
soldier. It was a treat to behold the gray-headed 
Avarrior delivering his speech, which was eloquent and 
patriotic in its every utterance. This afternoon another 
Ohio regiment marched to the public square, its term 
of service having also expired. It is 1,000 men strong. 
Thus has the 192d relieved two Ohio regiments, a fact 
which is highly suggestive of double duty, and this is 
the only regiment on the spot ready for duty. This 
latter regiment along the Ohio was in frequent conflict 
w^ith the guerillas, and in every instance whipped and 
dispersed them. Neither side took or gave quarter. 
The men looked dilapidated in clothing, yet cheerful in 
spirit. They deposited their arms in the Arsenal, and 
passed into camp beyond the fair grounds, awaiting 

August 28. Released from guard duty this morn- 
ing at 9 o'clock, and marched to the new Camp on the 
Fair Ground. The location is a fine one, on a high, 
level and well drained piece of table land, on the bank 


of the river, from which all the water for camp use 
was obtained. In arranging the new quarters, orders 
were given requiring but three men in each tent. 
This broke up some parties who had previously occu- 
pied tents accomodating more than that number. 
This evening it was agreed to contribute one dollar 
each for the purpose of procuring a Regimental Band. 
In the absence of the regular music, and this being 
Sunday, in many of the Companies religious services 
were held and hymns sung. Among them was the fol- 
lowing : 



God, to thee we humbly bow, 

With hand unarmed and naked brow ; 

Musket, lance, and sheathed sword 

At thy feet we lay, Lord ! 

Gone is all the soldier's boast 

In the valor of the host: 

Kneeling here, we do our most. 

Of ourselves we nothing know : 
Thou, and thou alone canst show, 
By the favor of thy hand, 
Who has drawn the guilty brand. 
If our foemen have the right, 
Show thy judgment in our sight 
Through the fortunes of the fight 

1020 REGIMENT. G5 

If our cause be pure and just, 
Nerve our courage with tliy trust : 
Scatter, in thy bitter wrath. 
All who cross the nation's path : 
May the baffled traitors fly, 
As the vapors from the sky 
AVhen thy raging winds are high ! 

God of mercy, some must fall 
In thy holy cause. Not all 
Hope to sing the victor's lay 
"When the sword is laid away. 
Brief will be the prayers then said ; 
Falling at thy altar dead. 
Take the sacrifice, instead. 

Now, God ! once more we rise, 
Marching on beneath thy eyes ; 
And we draw the sacred sword 
In thy name and at thy word. 
May our spirits clearly see 
Thee, through all that is to be, 
In defeat or victory. 

August 29. Nothing unusual in Camp, or any- 
thing worthy of notice in town. Abundant rations 
were given to the men, and good feehngs prevail all 
around. The battalion drill this afternoon was a suc- 
cess. The Colonel and officers generally are becoming 
more experienced. The Regiment is improving rapidly 
in disci j)line as well as in morals. The ruffians who have 


made themselves notorious on the route are coming to 
grief, and in process of receiving their just deserts. 
There are eight of them under guard, from Company 
E. Five were arrested this afternoon, who, on a pass 
to town, came into Camp intoxicated. There are also 
some thirty confined elsewhere, from all the Compa- 
nies, the major part of them for stealing. Three offi- 
cers, Captain Leidy, Lieutenants Fleming and Chase, 
deprived of their swords, for abandoning their com- 
mands on the march and proceeding to town without 
orders. The citizens of the town, and the ladies who had 
been frightened by the bad reputation given to the Reg- 
iment, which preceded its arrival, expressed themselves 
greatly pleased with the good conduct of Companies 
E and H, while doing guard and patrol duty in town ; 
and there is a praiseworthy determination among all 
the Companies to suppress the disorderly, and to show 
that our Regiment had been slandered and our offences 
exaggerated. There is, then, prospect for improve- 
ment, on further acquaintance. 

August 30. A wet and foggy morning, which 
lasted for some hours after sunrise. The officers 
under arrest, (previously mentioned) were to-day 
released and their swords restored. It is to be hoped 
that the efi'ect of the punishment will be salutary, as 
even-handed justice is ever in the ascendant — no dis- 
tinction between officers and privates in the mainte- 

192d regiment. 67 

nanco of diseipliiie. There arc a few cases of chills 
and fever in camp. A number of soldiers were sum- 
marily punished to-day for shirking camp duty. 
There are about forty men in camp, at a rough esti- 
mate, for whom severity in punishment for offences is 
the only remedy. They seem to have been hardened 
at home to that kind of treatment. 

A proposition to enlist for one year was made to 
the Regiment by the Colonel. At roll-call this even- 
ing, the suggestion was considered and an informal 
vote taken. Only one man responded in Company 
E, and a few in the other companies, probably forty 
men. The reason given is, that they desire to serve 
out this term of enlistment before commencing 
another. The Quarter-Master of the Regiment gave 
notice that two days back rations would be given to 
each company. Having a sufficiency on hand, the 
men formed messes, and are selling these rations, and 
buying in lieu fresh bread, vegetables and luxuries. 

August 31. An eventful and interesting day in 
camp. Shortly after Surgeon's call the Regiment was 
drawn up in line by the Colonel, with fixed bayonets. 
Colonel Thomas formed the line himself. The Bat- 
talion marched into the street of Company A, and took 
possession. It appears that this morning the men of 
this Company refused to answer roll-call, or obey the 
commands of their officers, alleging that injustice was 


done to them in the supply of rations, declaring the 
quantity allowed insufficient. When the Battalion 
appeared among them, the men were carelessly stand- 
ing in front of their tents, looking as unconcerned as 
if they were not the object of this special attention. 
The men were ordered to form in line by the Orderly, 
which they did slowly and with apparent reluctance. 
The line formed, the Colonel opened the book and read 
to them the 7th Article of War. At its close he 
informed the men that he had come to arrest and send 
them for trial to Columbus — that he would maintain 
order and discipline in his command at whatever cost — 
that if his Eegiment was not sufficient for the purpose, 
he would call upon the whole military power of the State 
to do it ; but, in consideration of this being the first 
offence, he would give them five minutes to resume their 
accoutrements and form in line. At the expiration of 
the allotted time every man was at his post ! Colonel 
Thomas then said that the ration of hard bread, (the 
cause of the mutiny,) was fixed by the Government — 
that he could neither increase or diminish the quan- 
tity allowed by law — that he had applied to the Quar- 
ter-Master of the regiment, and was informed by him 
that full rations had been drawn by Company A. He 
knew, too, that much was wasted by the men, and that 
no care was taken to keep the provisions for the time 
allotted for their consumption. He closed his remarks 

192d regiment. 69 

by assuring the men that, on a repetition of the grave 
ofTence that had been committed, he would at once 
enforce the law. Thus ended what may be called a 
*' hard- tack mutiny," or, a tempest in a tea-pot, on 
the part of a few unthinking yet faithful men. 

In the afternoon the companies were formed with- 
out arms, and taken to the quarters of Colonel Thomas 
and Lieutenant-Colonel Taylor. These officers called, 
in person, the roll of each company, and found no 
absentees but those on guard and those guarded. 
This w^ork finished, the officers mounted their horses, 
and, with the rolls in their hands in place of swords, 
rode into tcnvn, which is the last heard of them. 
There was no Battalion drill, or dress parade, and 
the boys amused themselves in forming messes and 
drawing rations for six days' consumption. This 
closed the work for the day. It is proper to state 
here that the food distributed is of the very best 
quality, and full in weight. . It consisted of hard 
bread, bacon, coffee, sugar, rice, hominy, molasses, 
salt, pepper, soap, candles, and vinegar. 

September 1. Two members of Company E, in 
confinement for sleeping on their posts, were dis- 
charged from custody this morning, by Colonel Fer- 
guson. He administered to them a severe reprimand) 
commented in proper terms upon the gravity of their 
ollence, and stated to them the nature of the punish- 


ment meted out to those who, by their neglect of duty, 
may jeopardize the safety of the whole garrison — gave 
to them, in addition, salutary advice in regard to their 
military obligations, and read the articles of war 
applying to their case, when he dismissed them and 
ordered them to report to their companies. The men 
were delighted with the Colonel for his clemency and 
magnanimity, fully determined for the future to keep 
awake. Yesterday evening a gang of twenty rebel 
deserters were brought to Grallipolis, from Charleston, 
"West Virginia, at which place they had surrendered 
themselves to our forces. They represent themselves 
as deserters fi'om General John C. BifECKENRiDGE's 
Division of the rebel army, abandoning him at Staun- 
ton, Virginia. They look the picture of bodily suffer- 
ing, nearly starved to death, and clothed in rags of all 
colors. Since in our lines they have been kindly 
treated, and are willing to subscribe to the oath of 
allegiance to the glorious old Union. The order of 
Major-General Heintzelman, of the Ohio, Indiana 
and Illinois Military District, Head Quarters at 
Columbus, forbidding railroad companies, and other 
means of conveyance, from transporting, and other 
parties from selling, except for Government use, 
powder, or ammunition, or fire-arms of any kind, for 
the ensuing sixty days, went into efiect immediately, 
and has greatly disconcerted the Copperheads, who 

192d regiment. 71 

cry out tyranny, despotism, and that a Government so 
manifestly afraid of the people ought to be destroyed. 
But God save the mark ! these rampant orators and 
organs of the party, the newspapers, who thus assail 
and denounce the Government which protects them, 
are not the people ; they are rather tories and traitors, 
who are doing all in their power to spread desolation 
and bloodshed into the homes of the North. But the 
veteran Heintzelman has deprived them of the means 
of doing it, and hence they howl ! An old man, of 
Southern sympathies, at one of the town groceries, 
said there was enough English powder on hand for all 
they, the Knights of America, wished to accomplish ; 
that they did not want Yankee powder. There are 
many such persons here, and it is admitted that it 
was a wise step to concentrate troops at this point, to 
be prepared to crush any uprising of the Copperheads. 
These men, it is needless to say, are friends of Val- 
LANDIGHAM & Co., and as thoroughly disloyal as any 
of the rebels in arms. The precautions taken by the 
President to frustrate the treasonable, and at this 
crisis dangerous designs of the enemies of the people, 
were just in time to prevent consequences of a fatal 
character, more so to the authors of the conspiracy 
than to anybody else. 

This afternoon the Colonel gave the Regiment a 
thorough yet pleasant drill, on the large field in rear 


of camp. The work was well done. This was the 
opinion of those who profess to know. A detachment 
of ten soldiers from Company E, and fifteen from 
Company H, under the command of Lieutenant 
Snyder, of the latter, was despatched on an expe- 
dition to Vicksville, distant about thirty miles, to 
capture or disperse a gang of marauders, who have 
been burning mills, houses, barns, stealing horses and 
threatening the lives of Union men residing in the 
neighborhood. It would seem that the Union citizens 
submit to these outrages without any effort at self- 
defence. Were they to unite, and meet the foe bravely, 
these marauders would not then keep a whole county 
under cow. It is strange that they have not done so ; 
but they, too, are prone to ask, " Under which king, 
Benzonian ?" 

September 2. Very little work of any kind was 
done in camp to-day. The Colonel, his staff, and nearly 
all the Company officers were in town on business of 
importance, not divulged to the public. There was 
remarkable good order in camp all day. The guards 
have been removed from all the roads to the river, and 
hundreds of men were swimming and others washing 
clothes, for over a mile along shore. Cleanliness is the 
first duty of a soldier ! The heat of the sun was very 
great and some were severely scorched, causing a great 
deal of pain to the sufferers. E. and G. guards in 

192d regiment. 73 

town to-day. The boat guard to Charleston, com- 
manded by Capt. BoHLEN, Co. E, two days ago, returned 
this afternoon. This evening four alleged deserters 
from the Regiment, were brought into camp, under 
guard. They made their escape at Fort McHenry, 
and at Pittsburg. Their appearance at this post was 
voluntar3^ The thieves previously noticed, were tried 
to-day by Court-Martial, and sentenced to forfeit one 
month's pay, restore property stolen, and perform police 
duty for the same period. 

September 3. The guards returned at 8 A. M. 
The forenoon was devoted to brushing up accoutre- 
ments and clothing. A squad of those still held in the 
guard house, for various oifences, were taken to the 
Colonel's quarters, and each one after an appropriate 
lecture was sent to his company. At dress parade this 
evening the Hospital Band, comj)osed of members of 
the Invalid Corps, paid us the compliment of passing 
in front of our Regimental line. Their music was 
quite a relief from the indifferent drumming which has 
been feebly doing this duty for our amusement. A 
number of ladies, thanks be to them, under the lead 
of our gallant Adjutant, presented themselves on the 
parade ground and were beheld with high satisfaction 
and pleasure. 

Sunday, September 4. To-day Col. Ferguson 
yielded the command of the troops of the fort into the 


hands of his successor, Col. Wm. B. Thomas ; the latter 
issued the following order : — 


Post Head Quarters, 
GaUipolis, 0. September 4, 1864. 

In accordance with instructions from Major-Gen. Heintzel- 
MAN, commanding Nortliern Department, I hereby assume 
command of this Post, and all troops at the same. 
By order of 


Col. 192d BegH Pa. Vol. Com. Post. 

At an early hour this morning, we w^ere favored with 
a w^elcome and much needed shower. Our shelter 
tents kept out the water w^ell enough, but the level 
nature of the ground caused a considerable quantity 
of the water to insinuate itself into the interior of the 
tents. The odor of the ground, of decaying vegetable 
matter, was very unpleasant to the olfactories. Eelig- 
ious services were held in camp this afternoon. The 
detachment of twenty-five men detailed to Vicksville, 
Vinton county, returned to quarters at 4 o'clock P. M. 
pretty well used up. They had traveled sixty miles 
over a very rough country. They captured and 
brought with them the leader of the gang, Josiah 
MoLLAHAK, who was captured in the woods, on Friday. 
The party also secured a lot of fire arms, cavalry 

192d regiment. 75 

sabres, concealed in a stable or barn occupied by the 
guerrillas. The companions of Mollahan, seeing 
themselves overpowered, fled and escaped. The pris- 
oner was met in the woods, armed to the teeth, where 
he was seen, at daylight, walking towards the cabin. 
He was ordered to halt, when he made an effort to 
draw his revolver. The Provost Marshal, Selfridge, 
who piloted the party, at this moment discharged his 
rifle at him, the ball passing within a few inches of 
the prisoner's head. The men stationed in the vicinity 
immediately advanced upon him, w^hen he surren- 
dered. A number of them are still at large, but 
having lost their Captain, and aware that the military 
are after them with hot loot, determined to wipe them 
out, they will no doubt flee to parts unknown and rid 
the neighborhood of their presence. On the return 
of the detachment to Gallipolis, they were fired into 
at long range, by a party of men on horseback, a ball 
passing through the clothes of one of our men. The 
chivalry were instantly pursued, but not being moun- 
ted, the chase was reluctantly given up. Late in the 
evening fifty rebel prisoners were 1)rought to Gallipolis 
from Western Viro;inia. 

Septem1)er 5. A heavy fall of rain during the night. 
A few tents were blown down and in some of them the 
occupants were soaked by the undercurrent. A few 
hours of daylight sufficed to repair all damages. Corp. 


Thompson, of Company E. was released to-day by 
Court-Martial. He was under arrest since our arri- 
val here : was tried for straccdinsc, conduct unbecom- 
ing a soldier^ found guilty^ and sentenced to forfeit one 
month's pay and perform seven days extra police duty. 
A boat guard of fifteen men was sent up the Kanawha^ 
commanded by Lieut. Geiffith, of Company C. 

September 6. This morning the camp guard was 
doubled and all ^dsits to town forbidden. This change 
is due to the bad conduct of a certain class of officers 
and men, who, abusing and unworthy of the privi- 
leges and freedom given to the Eegiment, by reason 
of its general good conduct ; these men imbibed twine 
freely and behaved in such a manner as to cause citi- 
zens to lodge complaint with the Colonel. He com- 
mented upon this breach of confidence in severe though 
not less deserved terms at dress parade yesterday 
evening. He at the same time complimented the men 
for their good conduct and stated that certain officers 
had given them a very pernicious example. Passes are 
now required for passage to the river, and all its 
approaches guarded ; nor can water be had even for 
cooking without the required pass. This is a grievious 
deprivation to be endured on account of a few disor- 
derly persons, who are seldom, if ever, brought to 
account. Lieut. Col. Bexj. L. Taylor commands 
the Regiment. 

192d regiment. 77 

The march from Portland produced a remarkable 
effect upon the Regimental drum corps. Some twelve 
drummers and as many drums totally disappeared, 
and have not since been heard from. The only 
survivors of the march are Major Taylor, and the 
fifer, the former performing discordant beating on a 
drum shattered and soiled. Yesterday we were pleased 
to learn a new set of drums came to hand from Phila- 
delphia ; but as to those who are to beat them, they 
are supposed to be still hidden in the mud. It is 
hoped, however, that they will be found and restored 
to service. 

September 7. Two companies detailed in town 
each morning for guard and patrol duty. This 
morning the guard has charge of ten prisoners for 
theft and drunkenness. A fight occurred in town 
yesterday between the Orderly Sergeants of Companies 
C. and H. Sergeant Smith, of Company H. received 
a sword cut across the face and was taken to the Hos- 
j)ital. This afternoon at dress parade Col. Thomas 
formed the Regiment in hollow square, and with a few 
preliminary remarks, read a letter to him from a loyal 
farmer of the neighborhood, informing him that a short 
time ago, some twenty-five men of this Regiment had 
entered his grounds and had committed depredations 
upon his property, applying to the thieves terms more 
pointed than elegant. The letter expressed confidence 


in the Colonel that he would cause an end of these 
outrages upon the rights of loyal citizens. The Colonel 
also read the following card, published in the Gallipolis 
Journal, of Sept. 8, 1864 — in advance of publication. 


Permit me through the colums of the Journal, to express my 

sentiments of respect for the Officers and men belonging to the 

192d Reg't., now encamped on my farm. The strict regard 

they have thus far paid to my rights as a citizen, is in marked 

contrast to that heretofore received, and merits at my hands 

this testimonial to their gentlemanly deportment and good 



J. R. Smithers, 
Gallipolis, Ohio, September 6, 1864. 

Mr. Smithers is the owner of the Fair grounds on 
which we are encamped, and a beautiful spot it is. 
On the river bank to our right, is his mansion, a 
building of fine proportions, surrounded by a fruitful 
garden abounding in grapes and other evidences of 
intelligent cultivation. In our rear are vast fields of 
luxuriant corn ripening under the influence of a 
Southern sun. Not an ear has been taken by members 
of our Regiment, nor has a single rail or board been 
taken from his fences, and if taken, with his consent. 
This is in remarakable contrast with the fate of fences 
and timber generally, with this and other Regiments, 

192d regiment. • 79 

These always fall a prey the moment a Regiment 
locates itself; material of this kind is required for the 
pitching of the tents, and in the effort to obtain it, some 
unintentional damage occurs. At this place, the 
exception was in our favor, for loose material was 
found abundant and the fences of jMr. Smithers 
escaped demolition. 

September 8. Companies G. and I. on duty to-day. 
A severe rain at an early hour this morning and camp 
duty very uncomfortable. Col. Thomas still retains 
his Head Quarters with the Regiment and is seldom 
absent, and then only on business connected w^ith his 
command of the Post. A boat guard of fifteen men, 
one Sergeant and two Corporals, left Camp last night, 
with three days rations, under command of Lieut. 
Richard Vansciver. 

This afternoon the muskets given to the Regiment 
at Camp Cadwalader, Philadelphia, were turned in as 
unfit for service. It is a rifled musket, made in 
England, bearing the stamp of the British crown on the 
lock, also the word ''Tower, 1862." The barrels are 
very inferior and cannot resist the pressure of the 
charge of powder, several of them having exploded. 
They are said to have been ordered by the rebels and 
captured from them in the steamer ''Bermuda," and 
other blockade runners, wdiile on their way to rebel- 
dom, off' Charleston and Wilmington. Towards' even- 


ing the teams from town brought to Camp our new 
muskets. On examination it was at once perceived, 
that the piece was of the same manufacture, stamp, 
date, wood and general appearance corresponding pre- 
cisely with the muskets given up, differing only in the 
strap, which was of better quality. What induced 
this distinction without a difference no one knowing 
has condescended to tell us, and as we have neither lost 
or gained anything by the exchange, except in the 
slight particular mentioned, it would be unkind to 
complain that either party had been cheated by the 
operation. Private S. M. Care, of Company E. was 
detailed to count the muskets and make the return to 
the Adjutant, which duty that gentleman performed 
in a satisfactory manner. This morning a pair of 
military pants were fished up in the Ohio, opposite the 
camp. They were identified as the property of Lieut. 
Col. Taylor, from whom they had been stolen at Mud 
Camp. Who placed them in the river, is still a mys- 
tery. The friends of Col. Taylor feel thankful that 
he was not in them when they were found. 

September 9. Companies B. and E. on guard to-day. 
Steamboat detachment under Lieut. Vansciver re- 
turned -to camp, having been up the Kanawha valley 
as far as Camp Piatt, some 80 miles. A squad of 
eight men was detailed for the gunboat ^^ Alice," to 
perform duty as marines. This boat visits all points 

192d regiment. 81 

on the river above and below, for pevoral hundred 
miles. Her loAver deck is iron-clad and her armament 
consists of five brass pivot guns. She is a powerful 
stern-wheel boat, of light draught and the fastest on the 
river. Valuable service has been performed by this 
boat and she has had several conflicts with guerrillas, 
in every instance dispersing and severely punishing 
them. These land pirates have a wholesome dread 
of her power and do not venture within range of 
her guns. Several companies went to town — they 
are building log houses and repairing those occupied 
by the Ohio troops, preparatory to leaving the present 
camp, which will take place in a few days. As an 
item it may^ be mentioned, in passing along, that a 
corps for theatrical performances has been organized, 
under the care of Adjutant Roney, and his assistants, 
who propose giving Concerts, &c., during the stay 
of the Regiment in Gallipolis. They have pretty good 
musicians and several capital singers in the Corps and 
will no doubt be able to distinguish themselves on the 
stage. The squad of patrols stationed at the National 
Hotel, kept by Mr. Breneman, are remarkably well 
treated, and all who performed duty in that locality 
speak in high terms of the courtesy and kindness 
extended to them by the Proprietor and his amiable 
family. Of this the writer is happy to offer his testi- 
mony, who was stationed on several occasions in the 


September 10. Pc^trols and guards returned to 
Camp two hours later than usuaL Saturday is usually 
devoted to camp policing^ such as sweeping streets, ven- 
tilating and drying the tents, brushing up muskets and 
accoutrements, and bathing in the river, imperatively 
required of all not on duty. Yesterday James Hodge, 
of Company A. departed this life, at the Hospital, in 
the 18th year of his age. His disease was erysipelas, 
contracted in camp. His associates bear testimony to 
his uniform good conduct and he was a favorite in his 
company. The remains of the deceased w^ere em- 
balmed, enclosed in a handsome coffin, and at 8 o'clock 
the solemn roll of the muffled drum was heard in camp 
as the funeral procession formed and escorted the 
remains to the boat, en route for Philadelphia. 

A curious craft w^as seen floating with the current 
of the Ohio, to-day, in the middle of the river. As 
it neared in the distance it was described as a batteau 
or oar-boat, in which there was a house, at the stern. 
Not anything living could be seen upon it, and it was 
regarded for some time as a weak invention of the 
enemy, to blow up the Alice or any other boat that 
might come in contact with it. The boys, however, 
were not to be deterred from examinins; into the merits 
of the machine, and when it came opposite, a few ex- 
pert swimmers boldly struck into the current, made 
for it, and brought it to the shore. To the surprise 

102d regiment. 83 

of allj a very old man evidently an octagenarian was 
discovered sleeping soundly in his house. The strange 
man, with a beard like that of Moses, arose and gazed 
upon his captors with no friendly eye. He demanded 
the cause of his detention and said he did not wish to 
be disturbed, evidently imagining that he had fallen 
into the hands of the rebels, from whom, he afterwards 
stated, he had suffered injury in person and property. 
The boys apologized and regretted what they had done, 
and good feeling was restored between the parties. The 
old man stated that he was a refugee from his south- 
ern home, from which he had been driven when Ken- 
tucky was partly in possession of Buckner and Breck- 
inridge, and now, that the glorious old flag was once 
more waving over his State, he was on his return to 
his old Kentucky home where his days of manhood 
were spent in the enjoyment of peace and tranquility, 
and in his decline, without cause, the horrors of civil war 
were visited upon him and his family. He still expected 
to end his days under the flag of the Union, which he 
would never abandon. The voyager had plenty of 
provisions, and started again on his lonely journey. 

A Republican Meeting held in town to-day. It was 
a very large assemblage of the bone and sinew of Gal- 
lia County. Among the speakers was Major M'Clin- 
TOCK, of the 192d, who delivered an eloquent and 
powerful speech on the issues of the war. 


Sunday, September 11. A considerable number of 
the Eegiment have gone to Church. After company 
inspection the men employed themselves generally, 
writing letters home. Eemarkably quiet in camp. 
There are no infractions of discipline to record. The 
guard-house is without an occupant, and the esprit du 
corps of the command is fully established. This is 
certainly a very gratifying state of affairs. The peo- 
ple of the town also speak well of the conduct of the 
men, and indeed, the whole Eegiment is daily gaining 
in public esteem. 

September 12. Company H. on guard in town. 
It will not return to camp, and is to be followed to-mor- 
row by the whole Eegiment. Boat guard to the Kana- 
wha under command of Lieut. Chase. The author 
of the letter read at dress parade by Col. Thomas, 
on the 7th, (written by a Mr. Preston,) disavows 
the charges made against members of the Eegiment, 
whom he accused of committing depredations upon his 
property. He says the letter was written for him by 
another person, and that that person substituted the 
192d Eegiment, instead of an Ohio Eegiment, as the 
authors of the mischief. Thus has a mistake, if such 
it can be called, affecting the reputation of the Eegi- 
ment, been corrected. It seems that a company of 
men is permanently stationed at this post, number- 
ing some 90 men, under command of Capt. Smith. 

102d regiment. 85 

They are here for three years, and were recruited in 
Trumbull County, Ohio. They have adopted the cog- 
nomen of "Cheeseheads," and are not at all offended 
when this term is applied to them. A small news- 
paper was published by them, called the Cheesehead, 
and its columns manifest considerable ability in its 
editorials. It is very severe upon the Copperhead 
portion of the commnity, and one of these, in endeav- 
oring to pass the guard, after having been duly warned 
and still persisting, was killed by the guard,* gave the 
disloyal ample swing for still greater animosity. The 
Trumbull men weathered the storm, adopted the term 
derisively applied to them, and they still retain it. 

September 13. This morning at 8 o'clock the entire 
Ptegiment struck tents, broke up camp and in a few 
moments bade farewell to the Fair Grounds. New 
quarters in town occupied by the men, and the change 
was a delightful one. Companies encamped on vacant 
lots over a considerable extent of territory. Regimen- 
tal Head Quarters in the centre, and Post Head Quar- 
ters in the square. Col. Thomas still has his quarters 
with the Regiment, with Col. Taylor. Great improve- 
ments made in the arrangement and position of the 
logs used by former encampments. Company E. tum- 
bled them down and arranged them anew, as suited 
their fancy. In a few hours the work was completed and 

aU hands settled down and everything passed off merry 


as could be. Profanity, which heretofore was largely 
indulged in is now seldom heard, probably for the rea- 
son that there is now nothing to swear at. This 
abominable vice is endemic in its symptoms and char- 
acter. Men who at home would shudder at the awful 
swearing which escapes their lips, scarcely open their 
mouths without letting fly an oath or two, and when 
their attention is called to it, they wonder how the 
practice could have grown upon them. And then too, 
men who^have been quiet at their home work, not 
given to much talk, become noisy and full of tongue. 
This too, abates in course of time, and they resume 
their former quiet demeanor. All the good qualities 
will finally overcome the more pernicious ingredients 
of character, but it requires discipline and mental 
restraint, regularity of duty, and good example on the 
part of those in authority to effect the change. When 
the ofiicers swear all the men follow suit — when the 
officers drink whiskey, the men, with rare exceptions, 
do the same. Hence great responsibility rests upon 
commanders of companies, which is apparent to the 
observer, more than to those who indulge in these 

September 14. This morning the following order 
was posted all over town and it attracted more than 
ordinary attention : 


192d regiment. 87 


Head Quarters of Post, 
Gallipolis, Ohio, September 14, 18G4. 

Hotel-keepers, Grocers and others, are forbidden to sell to 
soldiers in or near Gallipolis intoxicating liquors of any kind. 

The places of business of such as violate this order, either 
clandestinely or openly, if detected, will be closed thereafter. 

By order of 


Col. 102d Regiment, Penna. Vols. 

The conduct of a certain class of men yesterday was 
not such as might have been expected from them. 
This led to the order given, and it will be fully en- 
forced. A guard of one hundred men was detailed by 
Col. Thomas and posted in person this morning. This 
guard completely encircles the town and is some three 
miles in length, extending ovef hill and valley, in the 
rear of the Hospital grounds and up to the late camp. 
It cuts off all access to the country on the part of the 
soldiers, while it allows free passage into any part of 
the town. The Cheesehead Camp is outside of the 
line and none can pass without the proper document. 
This is a new order of things to Avliich they have not 
been accustomed. A new Ohio Regiment, the lS3d, 
encamped within our lines, near the Hospital: it is 
800 strong, and in the receipt of recruits, and will soon 


have its full complement of men. Lieut. John F. 
Snyder in temporary command of this Eegiment. 

September 15. A bad breach of the peace in Company 
G. Whiskey at the bottom of it, that article having 
been smuggled into their camp by the officers. These, 
and the men then in camp engaged in a promiscuous 
fight, in which the Captain received the worst of the 
blows, the claret flowing freely. Lieut. Hummel, a 
hero who lost an arm in battle, exerted all his power 
to restore order and at last succeeded in separating 
the combatants. The officers were deprived of their 
swords and will have to give an account of their par- 
ticipation in this disgraceful affair. At dress parade 
the removal of Capt. McQuaid, of Company G. was 
announced and an officer detailed to take charge of the 
Company, until further orders : the proceedings of 
Court-Martial, Maj. McClintock, President, were also 
read. Two thieves, (of the old batch,) were found 
guilty and sentenced to forfeit one month's pay and 
perform Hospital duty for thirty days. 

September 16. The usual routine of camp was 
quietly and regularly performed. Nothing occurred 
to disturb the harmony which everywhere prevailed. 
The new Eegiment of Ohio (183d) is rapidly filling its 
ranks and when full will be sent to the front. The 
local bounty is $300. Everything in our Eegiment 
moves smoothly and in satisfactory style. Guard duty 

192d regiment. 9 

is punctually attended to, and the officers faithful in 
the discharo;e of their duties. The followino; order 
embraces tlie duties of the camp, and has been in 
force since the 2oth of July : — 


Head Quarters, 20th Reg't, P. V. 
Sept. mh, 18G4. 

1. Reveille and Roll-Call at Daylight. 
Breakfast between 6 and 1\ o'clock. 
Surgeon's Call at 7 o'clock. 
Squad Drill, Ih to 82 o'clock. 
Guard Mount. 9 o'clock. 
Company Drill, from 10 to 11 o'clock. 
Dinner, between 12 and 1 o'clock. 
Squad Drill, 2 to 2\ o'clock, 
Battalion Drill, 3 to 4^ o'clock. 
Supper, between 5J and 6 o'clock. 
Dress Parade, 6i o'clock. 

Retreat and Roll-Call at sunset. 
Tattoo and Roll-Call at 9 o'clock, P. M. 

2. All men not on detached duty, will be required to attend 

each drill and parade. 
Meals must be completed within the hours named. 
Morning reports must be handed to the Adjutant before 

8 o'clock in the morning. 
Unless otherwise ordered, passes will be granted to not 

more than one commissioned officer and three privates* 

at any one time. 


Privates absenting themselves from Camp more than 
thirty minutes without passes, will be placed under 
arrest, and will be required to perform the labor of the 
Camp, or otherwise punished. 

Firing without order is strictly forbidden. The offender 
will be charged with ammunition expended, Vv'ithout 
permission, and otherwise punished for violation of the 

Captains of Companies will see that the men do not destroy 
the fences in the vicinity of the Camp, or molest citizens, 
or destroy their property. Any violation of this order 
must be promptly reported by commanders of Companies. 

Captains of Companies failing to have their commands on 
the parade-grounds at the time indicated by these 
Orders, or neglecting to conform promptly to any order 
to march, or who shall neglect to exercise their com- 
panies the full time required by these Orders, or shall fail 
to preserve discipline in their commands, will have these 
omissions noted in a book kept for the purpose, whilst 
those commissioned and non-commissioned officers who 
are prompt in the performance of all their duties will be 
favorably mentioned in this record, which will be pre- 
served for future references. 


Col. Commanding. 

September 17. The usual process of brushing all 
things clean in camp is going on industriously. Col. 
Taylor presents himself every morning, to see that 
matters are right, and to give orders, if necessary, for 
the duties of the dav. Some of our men have been 

192n REdlMENT. 91 

taken to the Hospital, suffering from various maladies, 
])rincipally fever. The Hospital is located on high 
ground, the buildings enclosed by a high fence, and 
kept in order with f<crui)ulous care. It contains some 
seven hundred patients, among them are many of the 
Invalid Corps. The grounds are about six acres in 
extent, the buildings substantial frames. In one of 
them resides the resident Surgeon, Dr. Lincoln 
Stone, a physician highly spoken of by the men. 
Our Surgeons have also opened an office in town 
where the sick of a milder form are attended to. 
Drs. Clark and Kirk are very faithful and attentive 
in the discharge of their professional duties. They 
also visit patients promptly in their tents whenever 
called upon. Disease is produced by the changeable 
nature of the climate added to the heavy river fogs. 
At night it is cold and chilly, with heavy dews, and 
during the day it is exceedingly warm. Having some 
spare time, some of the men enagaged in catching fish. 
Had Isaac Walton caught some of the fish that are 
here brought to the shore, he would have gone but 
once and then sought some other amusement. A hor- 
rible-looking sturgeon abounds in these waters, and 
one of them would have frightened a whole regiment 
of English fisherman like Walton. This fish is fur- 
nished w^th an immense shovel, which also answers for 
its head. Underneath the shovel extend two feelers, 


some eiglit inclies in length, and its moutli, a round 
orifice in the middle of the fish, is filled with circles 
of moving muscles, which snap and twist Avith aston- 
ishing vigor. On the top of the head, some four inches 
apart, are two grey eyes, the incarnation of evil in 
themselves. The rest of this fish tapers ofi" to a thin 
point, with a fin at the tail larger than the tail itself. 
Very fine catfish are also caught, and perch. A fishing 
line 100 feet long, belonging to Mess ]^o. 1, Company 
E, was hooked by some one unknown. 

*'0h, for a lash in every honest man's hand, 
To whip the rascal naked through the land." 

Sunday, September 18. No fog this morning, and 
a fine, bracing, health-inspiring atmosphere. Regi- 
mental inspection of arms, accoutrements, and clothing. 
Marched to Col. Taylor's quarters at 9 o'clock, and 
from thence to the square, where Col. Thomas took 
the command, formed the Regiment in proper position, 
and commenced the inspection himself. It was a slow 
yet thorough process : each man's knapsack inspected, 
and, in cases of neglect, the owner was properly 
instructed as to his duty in the premises. The Regi- 
mental Drum Corps appeared to much advantage, 
having new drums, new uniforms, and also one or two 
new drummers. The band project seems to have been 
given up, as we have heard nothing further concern- 

192d regiment. 93 

ing it. Three companies of the 183d Ohio Eegiment 
assisted on guard to-day, which was a welcome relief 
for the 192d. At close of day a violent storm arose, 
and the rain descended in torrents. No damage what- 
ever was done. 

September 19. Col. Thomas in person, made an 
inspection of his guard lines this morning. It seems 
that, notwithstanding every precaution, some persons 
manage to run guard into the country. There are 
some men who cannot be restrained, and, in so large 
a regiment as ours, it would be remarkable if these 
were absent. They occasion a great deal of trouble 
and annoyance. The leakage was discovered and 
attended to. Col. Taylor this morning issued an 
order requiring all the cooking to be done at the 
company fires. There are several messes, in good 
standing, and getting along finely, which must be 
broken up if this order remains in force. The matter 
will be properly represented to him, and possibly he 
may rescind or modify the order. 

September 20. A beautiful cloudless day. Last 
evening the ^^ Forrest Va7ieties," the Concert Corps 
previously referred to, made their first appearance on 
the stage. The Hall was filled with a select audience 
of ladies and gentlemen, — among them Col. Thomas 
and his staff. The performance was much applauded, 
and was a hit in all respects. The Ohio 183d left here 


last niglit for Columbus. Col. Taylor, tliis morning, 
on application, generously modified liis order of yester- 
day, requiring the messes to cook their rations at one 
fire. This gives entire satisfaction to all parties. 

September 21. It is apparent to the most careless 
observer that autumn is making rapid and steady 
approaches upon the domains of summer. The foliage 
of the trees, the pale red of the fields, and the ripening 
fruits of this region, the delicious paw-paw and the 
persimmon, found in great abundance in the surround- 
ing woodlands, prove to us in nature's own language, 
that winter is at the door. Our cotton tents areproo^ 
against rain and dews, Avhile they afford no shelter 
from cold. This important fact has developed itself 
within the last few nights, and should we remain much 
longer, some preparation will have to be made for better 
protection. This morning, Capt. Snydee Leidy and 
Benjamin Huckle, Esq., of Philadelphia, visited the 
Eegiment and were cordially received. They were 
accompanied on their rounds to the several companies 
by Major M'Clintock and Adj. Eoney. Company E 
was drawn up in line by Lieut. Vansciver, when a 
more formal reception took place. Each of these gen- 
tlemen delivered short and pertinent speeches, which 
were received with cheers. They depart to their homes 
with the good wishes of the Regiment. They accom- 
panied Mrs. W. B. Thomas and daughters to this Post, 

192d regiment. 95 

who will sojourn here for a few days. The battalion 
drill to-day was on the double-quick; it was well 
performed. Lieut. Brook, of Co. E, an efficient and 
capable officer, was presented with an appropriate song, 
by a lady friend of the Regiment. The minstrels have 
been singing it with great enthusiasm, and it is inserted 
here, so that it may not be lost, and the donor remem- 
bered : — 


You're wanted for one hundred days, 

Be ready in one minute: 
So Col. Thomas' order says, 

There must be something fn it. 
So farewell bub, good-bye sweet sis, 

I have no time to tarry. 
Yet time enough to catch one kiss 

From thee, my darling Mary. — Chorus. 

Ho lads ! nntackle from the plow, 

Unharness all the horses. 
Quick clap the saddles on them now 

To join the Union forces. 
Bear up my love, the signal gun. 

How fast your heart is beating, — 
Weep not to-day, the rebels run. 

And Grant pursues them fleeting. — Chorus. 


To arms ; ye Guards, the Union calls 

To aid in her salvation ; 
Oh then arise 'ere freedom falls, 

Arise and save the nation. 
We rendezvous and organize 

According to the order — 
We march ! behold our banner flies 

Beyond the Southern border. — Chorus. 

Our officers are apt and kind, 

The men are raw but willing ; 
And should it meet our Colonel's mind, 

Will go to rebel killing. 
Will try to learn the soldier's ways, 

Nor murmur at privation ; 
And stay another Hundred Days 

If this will save the nation. 
We're wanted for a Hundred Days, 

Be ready in one minute. 
So Col. Thomas' order says. 

There must be something in it. 

September 22. The '' Forrest Varieties " gave 
anotlier of their- popular entertainments last evening. 
They have improvised a very good string band, which 
answers all needful purposes. The town and store- 
houses continue to be well guarded, and the soldiers 
are somewhat more regarded by the people of the town 
than they were on first acquaintance— the boys doing 

192d regiment. 97 

their work in admirable style. No liquor is sold to 
the private soldier ; hence, if any one happens to turn 
up drunk, it is clear that it is not one of these. The 
battalion drill to-day was short and sweet. The boys 
are improving in skill rapidly, and it cannot be long 
before they will be perfect and qualified for any service 
whatever, for which they will certainly "be ready in 
one minute." 

September 23. Political discussion is gradually 
finding its way into camp, causing some Httle feeling 
occasionally but not of a violent type. The friends of 
the peace party candidate are in such a woful minority 
and know so little argument to sustain themselves, 
that these are seldom heard. There is a vast majority 
of the Regiment for Lincoln ajid Johnson. A great 
many M'Clellan men at home have changed their 
views here, and are now staunch Eepublicans. Occa- 
sionally a wild Irishman is found who yells lustily for 
M'Clellan, the only noise of the kind heard. This 
latter class, and their name is few, are opposed to the 
war, opposed to the administration, and, more espe- 
cially, opposed to the negro, whom he imagines in his 
ignorance, to be a competitor in the way of his wages. 
How else can the ill-feeling which the low Irish show 
towards the colored man be accounted for. They 
cannot pass a colored man without insulting him, 
forgetting that the same oppression which exists in 


Ireland and lias kept that people down, in ignorance 
and misery, compelling them to fly to this asylum of 
the down-trodden of all nations, has been visited to a 
still greater extent upon the slaves of the South, and 
even in the free North, Southern influence has reached 
them to their disadvantage. It is not proposed to 
enter into an argument here, for the purpose of showing 
why the Irish should be the friend and not the enemy 
of the slave, being content to state the fact that this 
feeling on their part has been shown to a disgraceful 
extent by the Irish in this Kegiment. There are 
vague rumors of rebel marauders on the opposite side 
of the river, who are said to be prowling about seeking 
opportunities for mischief. There are scouts out who 
promptly report all their manoeuvres. To catch them 
in fair fight is impossible, and it is only when they know 
that they have the advantage that they make an open 
show, and then only at night. 

September 24. A refreshing rain and storm of some 
violence last night. The guards on duty were some- 
what ducked, doing no other damage. A large mail 
from home put everybody in good humor. Letters 
and papers possess greater value than ever before. 
To E. G-. Waterhouse, Esq., the writer tenders his 
acknowledgments for valuable favors of this kind. 
The papers he sent obtained a wide circulation, being 
read until worn out, 

19'2d regiment. 99 

This afternoon the friends of M'Clellan and Pen- 
dleton held a county meeting at the Court House 
which was well attended, the major part of the audience 
composed of soldiers, — Ohio and Pennsylvania men, 
who did not sympathize with the purpose of the 
meeting. Hon. Wells A. Hutchins, the Peace can- 
didate for Congress was the only speaker on that side 
of the question, and he bitterly attacked the admin- 
istration and advocated the Chicago platform in a 
lengthy speech. He was frequently interrupted by 
the great clamor on the outside of the building, and in 
the course of his remarks denunciatory of the war, he 
was greeted with cheers for Lincoln and Johnson 
by the soldiers, joined by some of the people. Col. 
Thomas was sent for to restore order, and that gen- 
tleman soon made his appearance and was invited to the 
stand occupied by the speaker. Silence having been 
obtained, Mr. Hutchins finished his speech. There 
was then a general desire to hear Col. Thomas, and 
by universal consent and invitation, he arose, and after 
a few preliminary remarks, regretting the necessity 
which called him to the meeting, and lest his presence 
might be construed into an approval of its objects, he 
proceeded in a logical, argumentative speech to review 
the questions before the people, and so effectually was 
this done that Mr. Hutchins could not and did not 
reply, while the people, almost en 77iasse, vociferously 



endorsed the able speech which had fallen upon them so 
unexjjectedly. The meeting adjourned in good order, 
and no disturbance whatever occurred to mar the 
happy effect produced. 

September 25. A beautiful morning. The forests 
and fields are arraying in rarest robes of scarlet and 
gold, and unfolding their rich, variegated beauties of 
foliage. At night, the air is exceedingly cold and 
bracing, and at mid-day, old Sol. pours forth his 
fiercest rays. The change is by no means unpleasant. 
After inspection of arms and knapsacks, the boys took 
to writing letters and going to Church. Camp cpiiet 
and in serene repose. 

September 26. Fine weather still continues. Took 
a Eegimental vote hy companies on the Presidency. 
Those only entitled to vote counted. Vote nearly 
unanimous for Lincoln and Johnson, — 357 to 36. A 
flying report that the Regiment had received marching 
orders for Atlanta was started this morning. A lie 
like a fish out of water, will soon struggle itself to 
death, saith the maxim ; and this one had but a brief 
existence. The Regiment is steadily performing its 
allotted work, and both officers and men have evidently 
improved in military knowledge under the strict dis- 
cipline enforced by the Colonel. Court-]\Iartial has 
nothing to do, a fact which speaks for itself. 

September 27. The river rose five feet during the 

192d regiment. 101 

night. No rain in this region to add anything to the 
vohime of water. The river frequently rises without 
perceptible cause at certain points, caused by rains far 
above. Farmers come pouring into town with wagon 
loads of all sorts of country produce, such as wheat, 
corn, oats, potatoes, apples, poultry, hides, and truck. 
Potatoes $1 00 per bushel; apples, $1 00; poultry, 
40 to 60 cents per pair ; butter, 45 to 50 cents per 
pound. This is a productive agricultural country, — 
some parts limestone. This article is not used as a 
fertilizer. The soil is naturally rich and requires very 
little manure. Hard usage and no rotation in crops 
has already impaired its productive powers. The 
principal portion of the land of each farm is devoted 
to Indian corn, which rarely fails an abundant return. 
The kind planted is known as the gourd corn, a very 
good food for horses, but greatly inferior to the heavy 
flint corn raised in Pennsylvania. The cattle are of 
the finest in the country, and good beef abundant at 
moderate prices. Horses lean and small sized, the 
government agents having selected the best for army 
use, so that wdiat is left to the farmer is fit for his 
work only. It will require some years to restore 
horse-flesh to what It was previous to the war. There 
is not much attention paid to the swine stock. Pork 
is scarce, and nearly all the farmers buy their bacon 
at the stores, who procure their supplies from Cin- 


cinnati. Wool growing is regarded with more favor. 
A flock of 80 sheep on a farm near town, gave evidence 
of careful attention. They were a cross of the South- 
down and Merino, having a fine and large fleece. The 
sheep are of large size, very fat, and perhaps better 
for mutton than wool. The farmers, generally, manu- 
facture their own clothing from wool of their own 
raising. Adj. Eoney was to-day appointed Post- 
Adjutant, vice George Messer, resigned. Lieut. 
Cunningham, of Co. F, is his successor. 

September 28. Eained all night. Many of the 
pickets and guards at distant posts, who were with- 
out their gum blankets suff'ered severely. A store- 
boat anchored in the river, nine miles below Gallipolis, 
was captured by seventy -five guerrillas, — floated to the 
Virginia shore, and the contents carried ofi", valued 
at $1,500. This boat was taken to the shore every 
morning, and the people supplied with dry goods and 
such articles usually found in a well-stocked country 
store. At night the boat was drawn into the stream for 
safety, and anchored. The rebels approached shortly 
after nightfall, drove the proprietor into the river, 
who fortunately swam to the shore. No efibrt was 
made to pursue the robbers ; thes.e are now quietly at 
work on their farms, representing themselves as good 
Union men, a trick resorted to by the noble chivalry 
to avoid detection. 

192d in'CiMKXT. 10:1 

September 29. Eained all morning. Everybody 
in good humor, notwithstanding the rain and mud. 
Eations plenty and of excellent quality. No drills or 
parades. Rained furiously towards evening, in the 
midst of which a boat-guard of 15 men, 1 Sergeant 
and 2 Corporals, under command of Capt. Wenrich, 
with the usual rations, was sent on the Gen. Crook to 
the Kanawha and Camp Piatt. 

September 30. This morning Companies M, A, B, 
F, D, L, and G, received marching orders for an 
advance into Virginia, under the command of Maj. 
C. W. M'Clintock. The battalion is five hundred 
strong, and provided with five days cooked rations. 
Their destination is Weston, West Virginia, a point 
threatened by a considerable force of rebels. The 
battalion was provided with 20,000 rounds of ammu- 
nition, — 40 per man. Previous to their departure, 
a handsome address was delivered to them by Col. 
Tho:mas, in which he stated his regret that engage- 
ments he could not postpone, compelled him to remain 
at his Post, preventing him from accompanying them 
to their new scene of duty. He further expressed full 
confidence in the gallantry of the men and knew from 
their past conduct, they would give a good account of 
themselves. At 11 o'clock, the steamers '' Cottage" 
and "Viola," cast off their lines on shore and steamed 
rapidly up the river, — their decks alive with men. 


Those left behind are much chagrined over the for- 
tune of war that prevented them from being with thii5 
expedition into rebeldom. 

Me. Stewart, the editor of the Gallipolis Journal, 
in his columns reported the departure of the detach- 
ment in the following complimentary terms : — 

Seven companies of the 192d Pennsylvania Volunteers, left 
this post for a point in West Virginia. Previous to their 
departure, they were drawn up in front of Head Quarters, 
where Col. Thomas addressed them. After thanking them for 
their past attention to duty, and their marked improvement, 
of late, in discipline and effectiveness, the Colonel expressed 
his regret that the command should be divided, but added : 

"Our country needs you elsewhere, and no personal feeling 
should have place in our breasts, as we hasten to obey the 
call of duty. 

Let me hear of your good conduct on your way to your new 
post, and after your arrival there. Our term of enlistment is 
drawing to a close. I am now in correspondence with the 
War Department on the subject of re-enlistment for a year. 
I do not feel willing to go to my home while my country is in 
need. And now when this accursed rebellion has reached the 
death struggle, I hope you will feel with me an earnest desire 
to 'be in when the fox is caught.' 

The cheers with which the boys greeted these remarks, 
showed plainly that they met with a hearty response. 

We have already published extracts from leading Philadel- 
phia papers, calling attention to the patriotism and devotion 
of Col. Thomas. 

192d regiment. 105 

Here we see him tendering liis services for another cam- 
paign. We wish that there were more office hokiers and 
influential men to imitate him in liis love for country, and 
his willingness to make any needful sacrifice for its safety. 
We are informed that Col. Thomas has never accepted and 
does not now accept, any compensation for his services in the 
army. We say to all in similar circumstances, "Go and do 

The tt^legrapli wires from this point to Charleston 
were cut to-day by guerrillas, and they are reported in 
force between the two points. Men ordered not to 
leave Camp under any circumstances. Under march- 
ing orders at short notice. All hands ready for the 

October 1. The month opens drearily enough. 
Incessant raining since 1 o'clock this morning, and 
the wind cold, and piercing through every crevice of 
our tents. Every one buoyant with hope for a speedy 
order to march to the front. It is the first real fall 
weather of the year. Do not look for anything else 
just now. Last night unusual precautions were taken 
in L!;uardin2: the arsenal and store-houses. Col. Thomas 
is not the man to be caught napping at his post. Since 
the capture of the floating store, almost within reach 
of our guns, it would indeed be folly, and worse, to be 
idle and careless. Scouts were detailed from each 
company, who were stationed for miles a way from 


camp during the niglit. Farmers report guerrillas 
within four miles of town, who visit them and then 
disappear. There is a strong gang of them in West 
Virginia, who have members in Gallia county. There 
must be mischief brewing somewhere, and the sooner 
it culminates into an outbreak, if such they intend, the 
better. The expedition to Weston reached Clarksburg 
to-day, and immediately left the place on a march of 
23 miles to the point assigned it. The 3d Indiana 
Kegiment was met on its way to the same place. 

Sunday, October 2. Eained very hard nearly all 
night, and the clouds still remain. Last evening at 
8 o'clock, the boat guard, under Capt. Wenrich, 
returned to camp. They report the presence of guer- 
rillas along shore, who have committed various depre- 
dations. A store at Goalmouth, on the Kanawha, was 
emptied of its contents by them. The robbers were 
pursued by a Gompany of Virginia Infantry stationed 
in the vicinity, who killed one, captured five wounded, 
and a number of horses. The gunboat returned from 
her trip to Gincinnati, and immediately proceeded to 
the scene of the conflict. A company of cavalry was 
also brought from Gamp Piatt to Gharleston, to be 
ready for any further service. This force is deemed 
sufficient to disperse any guerrilla bands that may still 
be in the neighborhood. The remaining force of the 
192d is also waiting for orders in the event of further 

192d regiment. 107 

trouble. Great regret was felt by our men when it 
became known that the rebels had skedaddled to parts 
unknown. The Trumbull Guards, (Cheeseheads,) are 
on guard at the store-houses. Our men on patrol. 

October 3. Again commenced raining at an early- 
hour this morning. Exceedingly disagreeable. Cloth- 
ing becoming wet and foul. Patients' at Doctor's 
quarters on the increase. All sorts of ailments, — 
])rincipally chills and fever, and diarrhoea. Eiver 
rapidly filling up. Streets and side-walks covered 
with mud, and pools of water everywhere. Officers 
and men still required to remain in quarters. Every 
one waiting patiently for something to turn up. All 
things wet except muskets, which are kept in blankets. 
Maj. M'Clintock's command reached Weston this 
evening, having marched 23 miles in a muddy con- 
dition of the road. The knapsacks were carried on 
government teams. 

October 4. The weather remains unchanged, and 
we are pretty well accustomed to it in its present con- 
dition. There is in addition, an impenetrable fog, as 
though the clouds had fallen from their sphere and 
settled upon the earth. The river is ten feet higher than 
it was yesterday. Gen. Heintzelman has revoked his 
order, No. 69, prohibiting the sale and transportation 
of fire-arms and ammunition within his military dis- 
trict. The General has also changed his base from 


Columbus to Wheeling. He has been relieved of his 
command at Columbus by Maj. Gen. Joseph Hookee. 
Gen. Heintzelman is greatly esteemed by the loyal 
people of Ohio, where he has exercised a wholesome 
power over the Vallandighamites, who have made more 
than one belligerant movement. Guard duty very 
unpleasant yet cheerfully performed, Steamljoats 
actively employed transporting subsistence to our 
armies south. Nothing further has been heard from 
the guerrillas. They have retired to their holes, 
awaiting a more favorable time for operations. 

A new idea suddenly took possession of the minds 
of the men to-day, which vibrated through all the 
camps, to the exclusion of everything else. It was 
that of home. Some one said that the Eegiment would 
start for home on Thursday next, and each one asked 
his neighbor whether he had heard of it. No decisive 
answer could be given, which added perplexity to 
doubt. Col. Thomas was asked on the subject, but no 
satisfactory response could be elicited from him. Other 
officers were sounded, with no better result, but the 
men have unanimously decided, upon what grounds it 
is hard to divine, that they are going home on Thurs- 
day. Nous verrwis, as a defunct Eichmond editor was 
wont to say. The rebels visited Weston one week 
previous to the arrival of our troops there, and have 
taken some 850,000 worth of merchandise and other 

192d regiment. 109 

property from the neighborhood, also a great quantity 
of live stock ; a portion of which they were unable to 
take with them, leaving them on the road. The cattle 
resorted to the woods where they are running at large. 
The woods in the vicinity of the Weston camp are full 
of steers, hogs, and sheep ; some of them being appro- 
priated to the use of the 192d, — the battalion being 
deficient in supplies. In one day, eight steers, five 
hogs, and a few sheep were slaughtered. Supplies 
coming up, the cattle were spared from further assaults. 
Maj. M'Clintock is iVcting Commander of the Post and 
of all troops at or near Weston. Capt. Gray commands 
the battalion, as Senior Captain. The town contains 
about 500 inhabitants. Two companies of rebel infantry 
were raised here at the beginning of the rebellion, and 
the same number of Union men were raised. The town 
presents a dilapidated appearance. The Eebs, in the late 
raid, destroyed the largest portion of the town, pillaging 
and emptying every store, leaving but little property 
of any kind. 

October 5. Cleared up finely this morning, and all 
things military wear a cheerful aspect. Last night, 
a troop of four hundred dismounted cavalry reached 
here from Charleston. They found quarters for the 
night in the government ware-houses, and will leave 
to-day for some other post. The Forrest Varieties 
colla^jpsed last night. The performances towards last, 


were not well sustained, and empty benches was the 
result. Consequently, down it came, with a crash 
that resounded through the streets of GaUipolis for 
many hours afterwards. The business manager, it is 
stated, on settling his accounts, found himself some 
$13 in debt. The highest amount taken at the door 
was $90, and several remunerative benefits were given 
to individual members of the corps. 

October 6. The usual morning shower was prompt 
to the minute and it came down with a power that 
would have convinced the antediluvians, that the pre- 
dictions of Noah were to be fulfilled. The guards and 
patrols have a hard time of it, and but few tents 
escaped the flood. This was the day fixed upon by 
general consent, for the advance movement towards 
home. Nothing is now known of any orders, given or 
to be given, to that eff'ect. All hands are again at sea 
w^ithout compass or sails. The home influenza is sub- 
siding as fast as it came, and faces look as cheerful as 
ever. No disappointment can dampen the temper of 
the officers and men, but all are patiently waiting for 
something to come along that may require more active 
attention. Men not on duty are supplied with books 
and papers, and idleness, aptly called the devil's work- 
shop, finds but little encouragement here. Virginia 
and other Southern refugees make their appearance 
daily, fresh from Jeff. Davis' crumbling dominions. 


;Some of them are in destitute condition, and obtain 
subsistence from tlie Post Quarter Master. The men 
generally, wear the rebel uniform, and claim to have 
been conscripted into the rebel service. A family 
evidently in good pecuniary circumstances, with a 
team of two horses, came to Gallipolis yesterday. In 
the party were two sons who had made their escape 
from the rebel army. The horrors of the rebellion can 
never be justly described. The mountains of Virginia 
are overrun with starving women and children whose 
husbands and fathers are in the rebel service or dead; 
and famine and disease stalk abroad at noonday, taking 
thousands to their unknown and uncoffined graves. 
Their houses are laid in ashes, — every living creature 
gone, and their fields overgrown with weeds and brush. 
Fire and sword has been visited upon these people by 
friend and foe, and amid all they have nursed the vain 
hope that their blackened Confederacy would triumph 
over all. Finding the delusion they have cherished a 
snare or a vision, they now fly from the destruction 
created by themselves. Surely, the way of the trans- 
gressor is hard. Cleared off this afternoon ; the sun 
shining in all his splendor upon a wet earth, — not a 
cloud in the sky to dim his rays. 

October 7. The usual rain was omitted this morn- 
ing — a fortunate circumstance, as our accoutrements 
wer^ getting musty and rusty, and our cotton houses 

112 Journal of the 

became exceedingly damp and unhealthy. The gun- 
boat ^' Alice" returned from her trip to Ironton, and 
anchored in the stream. This town is garrisoned by 
Company K, Lieut. Tyndale commanding. (A por- 
tion of this company has been sent back to this camp.) 
Eeports all below quiet. Those not on guard amuse 
themselves in various ways^ — prominent on the role is 
singing songs. This song is selected from the number, 
for the reason that it has been sung in good style by 
several, and is worth preserving, from the great mass 
of trash that abounds : — 


Don't stop a moment to think, John, 

Your country calls — then go; 
Don't think of me or the children, John, 

I'll care for them, you know. 
Leave the corn upon the stalks, John, 

Potatoes on the hill, 
And the pumpkins on the vines, John — 

I'll gather them with a will. 
But take your gun and go, John, 

Take your gun and go, 
For Ruth can drive the oxen, John, 

And I can use the hoe. 

I've heard my grandsire tell, John, 

(He fought at Bunker Hill,) 
How he counted all his life and wealth 

His countrv's offering still. ^ 

l!i2n RECTMKN'T. 113 

Shall we yliaine tlit* hravc old blodl, John, 

That riowed on Monnfiouth Plain ? 
No I take your gun and go, John, 

If you ne'er return again. 

Then take your gun and go, etc. 

Our army's short of blankets, John, 

Then take this heavy pair; 
I spun and wove them when a girl, 

And worked them with great care. 
There's a rose in every corner, John, 

And there's my name, you see ; 
On the cold ground they'll warmer feel 

That they were made by me. 

Then take your gun and go, etc. 

And if it be God's will, John, 

You ne'er come back again, 
I'll do my best for the children, John, 

In sorrow, want and pain. 
In winter nights I'll teach them all 

That I have learned at school, 
To love the country keep the laws, 

Obey the Saviour's rule. 

Then take your gun and go, etc. 

And in the village church, John, 

And at our humble board, 
We'll pray that God will keep you, Jolin, 

And heavenlv aid afford ; 



And all who love their country's cause 
Will love and bless you too, 

And nights and mornings they will pray 
For freedom and for you. 

Then take your gun and go, etc. 

And now good-bye to you, John — 

I cannot say farewell ; 
We'll hope and pray for the best, John, 

God's goodness none can tell. 
Be his great arm around you, John, 

To guard you night and day ; 
Be our beloved country's shield. 

Till the war has passed away. 

Then take your gun and go, etc. 

A boat guard of fifteen men, under Lieutenant 
Allen, left camp this evening for Charleston. There 
is a fresh arrival of refugees from Virginia, consisting 
of men, women and children, all in a destitute and 
wretched condition. They remain on the wharf, 
where they have kindled a fire, cooking provisions 
and drying their clothing. 

October 8. A strong and cold Northern gale came 
howling through the trees yesterday, literally cover- 
ing the ground with leaves, which continued all night 
and to-day. Camp fires in great demand, also blan- 
kets and overcoats, the latter not so easily obtained. 

r.)2D 11E(UMENT. 115 

The guards and sentinels suliered nin('li,1)ul these are 
happy as larks. The Grand Pv^ounds, at midnight, by 
the officer of the day, lias not been seen for some time. 
This may be owing to the inclemency of the weather, 
or to the fact that that official is, with an occasional 
honorable exception, too drunk to perform that duty. 

Sunday, October 9. The inclemency of the weather 
has considerably abated ; it is still cold, cloudy and 
windy, with an occasional sprinkling of snow. The 
usual Sunday morning inspection was speedily per- 
formed. Everything was in satisfactory order. We 
had the pleasure of hearing from the Battalion of the 
regiment at Weston, which is in a fair position and in 
close proximity to the rebels. They are under the 
command of Gen. Kelly, of whom they speak in high 
terms of praise. The writer says : " The Major was 
kind enough to relieve us of our knapsacks, and had 
them transported in Government wagons, for which 
he has received the good will of all his men. There 
was no straggling on the march. Encamped one mile 
from town, between two high mountains. The com- 
mand is on picket duty." 

October 10. A clear, bri^-ht, bracinc; dav. The 
companies have drawn overcoats, adding greatly to 
the comfort of the men. This was done by order of 
Dr. Clark, our highly esteemed Surgeon, who added 
to his re(|uisition, "fur the healtli and comfort of the 


men/' and indeed he had a just appreciation of their 
uncomfortable condition. Some political feeling in 
camp. The friends of the armistice candidates held a 
caucus — there are but few of them, probably a Corpo- 
ral's Guard — what the caucus was for no one knows — • 
probably for a free election or a free fight. The Lin- 
coln men are quiet, and ready to vote without any 
caucus. Every legal vote in camp will be polled. A 
McClellan man, from Philadelphia, is now in town 
with a trunk full of tickets, while our party have but few ; 
he comes to look after the interests of his party. There 
is also the regularly appointed State agent here, who is 
provided with the Eegimental papers for the election. 
A cruel hoax was perpetrated by some one unknown, 
who forged the signature of a well-known member of 
Company E, to a letter sent from Gallipolis to a family 
in Philadelpjhia, stating that their son was dying in 
the hospital, and, as his last request, desired to see 
his mother. That lady, never suspecting the truth of 
the letter, arrived here to-day, and found her son on 
duty. Comment upon such a dastardly act is unne- 
cessary. It is hoped the villain who perpetrated the 
outrage will be discovered, and punished to the full 
extent of the law. Col. Thomas left this morning to 
see after the interests of his command abroad, and 
will be absent for a few days. In the inteiim all will 
be well in the hands of Col. Taylor. 

192d regiment. 117 

October 11. Election in State and camp. The 
Mayor has issued, his proclamation closing all taverns 
and groceries where intoxicating liquors are sold, and 
none is to be sold or given to soldier or citizen under 
severe penalties. The election in town and camp 
passed off peaceably. In the evening, on ascertaining 
tlie vote, HuTCHiNS defeated, and the Eegiment all on 
one side, the boys got up a grand illumination, in the 
shape of bonfires, at all the camps, wliich lighted up 
the whole town, causing no little astonishment and 
alarm to the citizens, who, up to this time, had never 
beheld such a thing before. Among the fire-works 
was a boat of considerable size, filled with combustibles, 
to which a rope was attached. The men dragged the 
burning mass through the principal streets, cheering 
and yelling as they went. No accident occurred to 
mar the festivities of the celebration. Some of the 
boys also got oft' the following song with great eclat : 


Lord LovELL he sat in St. Charles' Hotel, 

In St. Charles Hotel sat he, 
As fine a case of a Southern swell 

As ever you'd wish to see, see, see, 

As ever you'd wish to see. 


Lord LovELL the town had vowed to defend : 

A-waving his sword on high 
He swore that his last ounce of powder he'd spend, 

And in the last ditch he'd, die. 

He swore by black and he swore by blue — 

He swore by the stars and bars, 
That never he'd fly from a Yankee crew 

While he was a son of Mars. 

He had fifty thousand gallant men, 

Fifty thousand men had he, 
Who had all sworn with him that they'd never surren- 

Der to any tarnation Yankee. 

He had forts that no Yankee alive could take ; 

He had iron-clad boats a score, 
And batteries all around the Lake, 

And along the river shore. 

Sir Farragut came with a mighty fleet, 

With a mighty fleet came he. 
And Lord Lovell instanter began to retreat 

Before the first boat he could see. 

His fifty thousand gallant men 

Dwindled down to thousands six ; 
They heard a distant cannon, and then 

Commenced a-cutting their sticks. 

*'0h! tarry, Lord Lovell!" Sir Farragut cried — 

"Oh ! tarry. Lord Lovell!" said he; 
*' I rather think not," Lord Lovell replied, 

" For I'm in a great hurry." 

192d regiment. 119 

"I like the drinks at St. Charles' Hotel, 

But I never could bear strong Porter; 
Especially when it's served on the shell, 

Or mixed in an iron mortar." 

" I reckon you're right," Sir Farragut said, 
"I reckon you're right," said he; 
" For if my Porter should fly to your head 
A terrible smash there'd be." 

Oh ! a wonder it was to see them run, 

A wonderful thing to see, 
And the Yankees sailed up, without shooting a gun. 

And captured their great citie. 

Lord LovELL kept running all day and night. 

Lord LovELL a-running kept he ; 
For he swore he couldn't abide the sight 

Of the gun of a live Yankee, 

When Lord Lovell's life was brought to a close 

By a sharp-shooting Yankee gunner ; 
From his head there spouted a red, red nose — 

From his feet a scarlet runner. 

October 12. Eemoved the ashes and debris of the 
celebration. No harm done to any one by the some- 
what extravagant freaks of some of the performers. 
Commenced raining again this morning. Guards to 
their posts without inspection. Battalion drills and 
dress parades discontinued. Reason — no men off duty 
to drill or parade. 


October 13. Clear weather once more. Last 
evening at 6 o'clock a cletacliment of 36 men, from 
Companies E. and P. left camp for Virginia. The 
expedition was under the command of Major Snyder, 
Capt. Woodward of P. and Lieut. Hunter Brook of 
E. The object of the expedition was to break up and 
capture a gang of Eebs and Copperheads, who have 
been running merchandise, clothing and medicines 
through our lines to their rebel friends. Their rende- 
vous is at a farm house, the owner of which is known 
to be disloyal, (although he has taken the oath of 
allegiance to the United States,) who has sons in the 
rebel army, and a nephew being a prisoner of war 
at Camp Chase. He is also in communication with 
confederates on this side of the river. The party 
reached the house about 9 o'clock in the evening. 
They knocked at the door for admission, and after a 
delay of half an hour, the door was opened. At the 
same time considerable bustling was heard in the 
upper story of the house, and on entering the chamber, 
the occupants, five women, said to be daughters of the 
owner, were found in bed, all of them claiming to be 
sick. The gallantry and humanity of the Major 
prevailed in their favor and they were not disturbed. 
No doubt exists in the minds of the men that the 
contraband goods were concealed in the beds occupied 
by the w^omen. There were no men found about the 

192d regiment. 121 

premises. The negro huts were also searched, (the 
negroes having run away at the outbreak of the war,) 
but nothing was found. The expedition returned to 
camp a few hours afterwards and measures have since 
been taken to prevent any further blockade running 
from that quarter. 

Prof. Saunders, of Philadelphia, arrived in camp 
last evening. Six men in government employ in the 
store-houses, were discharged to-day. They were 
found to be Copperheads or rebels in disguise. Let 
Uncle Sam have men, loyal and true about him. A 
council of war was held at Head Quarters this after- 
noon to take into consideration Prof. Saunders' plans 
for the re-enlistment of the men for one or more years. 
The feeling is unanimous among the men not to re- 
enlist without previous return home : At a vote taken 
in several companies not a man was found willing to 
re-enlist in the absence of a furlough for this purpose. 
Since the above was written, a despatch was received 
from Col. Thomas, who it appears, is in Washington 
City, stating that a furlough to men re-cnlisting had 
been granted by the War Department, and also that 
the impending draft in Philadelphia had been post- 
poned and the bounties continued for the benefit of 
the Eegiment. This information was received with 
cheers, and there is more feeling visible for a further 



continuance in the service. All hands are awaiting 
the return of Col. Thomas. 

October 14. The first business on hand was the 
invitation from Dr. Saunders, to appear in the 
square at 7 o'clock A. M., where he would lay his 
plans open to the consideration of the men. Mr. 
Saunders then commenced his remarks, in familiar 
yet eloquent and dignified style, securing the attention 
of all present for nearly two hours. He created a 
favorable impression and many re-enlisted. The 
107th Colored Kentucky Eegiment passed this post 
to-day, stopping only a short time for rations, on their 
way to the front. 

October 15. The re-enlistment of the men is not as 
brisk as was expected. A number of the best men 
in the Regiment, however, have volunteered. In 
Company E, twenty-five have given their names to 
Lieut. Hunter Brook:. In some companies but few 
have come forward. This morning Capt. Bohlen, 
of Company K, was deprived of his sword, by order 
from Head Quarters. He was officer of the Day 
yesterday, a highly responsible and honorable posi- 
tion. He, however, did not so regard it ; he became 
intoxicated, and while in this condition he fell from 
the horse he was riding, in his official capacity, 
receiving in the fall a severe thumping of the head 
which made some impression on his countenance and 

192d reqtment. 123 

causing the blood to flow freely. There are some 
other officers who fall, from the same cause, without 
being on horseback. It is superflous to mention their 
names, for they are so well known that the faithful 
and efficient need have no fears that they will be 
classed among them. 

For several days past teams have been taking to 
the levee vast quantities of subsistence stores from the 
store-houses on the square. Two of these buildings 
have been emptied and but little hay remains, having 
been taken for the use of our armies. A large wagon 
train is collecting in the rear of the Arsenal, intended 
for the transportation of provisions to the same desti- 
nation. Col. Thomas reached Head Quarters this 
evening. He was in the train next to the one cap- 
tured by the Rebs on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. 
He accomplished all the objects of his visit to Wash- 
ington. Prof. Saunders visited the several companies 
at their quarters this afternoon, and was warmly 

October 16. A beautiful day, although rather cool 
and wind from the North. Camp fires popular and 
in demand. Plenty of wood to keep them up. Large 
numbers attended the various churches, morning and 
evening. Evening service in the Methodist Church 
by Rev. Dr. Saunders. He addressed the soldiers 
after the congregation had been dismissed, in refer- 


ence to re-enlistment. Col. Thomas and the Pastor 
also spoke briefly on the same subject. A special 
detachment of a few men sent to Virginia, to make 
observations during the night. They are accom- 
panied by a scout who knows the country and people. 
This is done to ascertain whether the marauders are 
in force at their secret haunts. These have been 
holding meetings and concentrating in companies for 
some object which it is expected, will soon develope 
itself. These men are regularly organized for at least 
one hundred miles along the Virginia shore. They 
have signals, by which three or four hundred men, 
generally well mounted, can be summoned together 
for any enterprise that may present itself. 

A dress parade was ordered to take place this 
afternoon at 4J o'clock. Col. Thomas formed the 
battalion in mass, when he explained the object of his 
visit to "Washington, which was, in brief, to obtain a 
suspension of the draft at home for a few days, to 
secure a furlough of 20 days for re-enlisting men, and 
a continuance of the bounties, all of which had been 
granted by the President and Secretary of War. 
The men will have two days — until Tuesday evening 
prox., at which time the allotted grace will expire. 
The Colonel said, in substance further, that he would 
cheerfully submit to the wishes of the men ; that if 
they so desired he would yield the command of the 

192d regiment. 125 

new proposed Ptegiment to another, nor would he 
decHne to lead them if such was their choice. This 
declaration was received with three cheers and it was 
expressed by every man present that they would 
stand by Col. Thomas under all circumstances. Dr. 
Saunders is very active in the performance of his 
part of the duties, and many of the officers are also 
doing the same. Re-enlisting, however, is not very 
brisk, the men hesitating, and desirous of finishing 
one contract before commencing another. A con- 
siderable number hav^e re-enlisted to-day. 

October 17. A severe frost last night — sunshine 
all day. The contrast between night and day is 
l)ecoming too interesting to escape remark. They 
are two extremes in close proximity, producing a 
variety of sensations in the human nerves. Colds, 
chills, and fever, and kindred complaints are the result. 
Ee-enlisting is going forward actively under the whip 
and spur of competition for men among those aspiring 
to commands, which is more pleasant to the officer 
who secures men from a company other than his own, 
than to him who loses them, getting none in return. 
They say it will be all right in the morning. Hope so. 
The guards presented a fine and soldierly appearance at 
guard mounting. Capt. Weinrich, Officer of the Day. 

The following note was handed to Col. Thomas this 

morning and a copy transmitted to the War Depart- 

12(j JOl'llNAL OF TlIK 

merit, bv the gentlemen who have interested them- 
selves in the matter : 

To Col. Wm. B. Thomas, of 192d Regiment P. V. 

Dear Sir. — We the undersigned citizens of Gallipolis, are 
so much pleased with the presence of yourself, your officers 
and the men of your command, that we earnestly hope that 
the Regiment will re-enlist, and that the Government will 
allow you to make our town your Head Quarters during your 
term of service. 

So highly do we appreciate the advantages which we have 
derived from yourself personally, and from your Regiment in 

With great respect, 

J. G. Dannon, Mayor. 

Wm. Waddell, Sheriff. 

Rev. J. F. Williams, and 40 others. 

There is a general and earnest desire on the part of 
all classes of citizens of Gallipolis, for the Regiment to 
remain here. Some have even volunteered to join the 
Regiment. Only 13 men from Weston re-inlisted. 
News on this subject from that quarter not very 
encouraging. Major Snyder and Dr. Clark, started 
for that place this morning, with instructions relating 
to the formation of new companies for a year's 

October 18. The re-enlisting of the men came to 
a dead halt this morning. The result of yesterday's 

1!»2d RECil.MKNT. 127 

work was far from beinp; satisfactory. Tho returns 
from Weston were also not what was expected. A num- 
ber of the citizens of the town offered to enlist, but they 
w^ere not accepted. All quiet in camp — men at their 
posts "guarding the Union." The men have free 
access to the country. The farmers are not molested 
in the least and treat such of their visitors from this 
Regiment, with great hospitality and kindness. The 
face of the country bears a marked resemblance to 
the coal regions of Schuylkill and Luzerne counties — 
rugged, mountainous, and full of coal. With the 
exception of the declivities and rocky portions, the 
land can be cultivated, having a soil of great richness. 
Coal, of a semi-bituminous nature is abundant in the 
vicinity of the town, above water level, and is sold at 
10 to 15 cents per bushel, delivered. There is no 
limestone but a very fine rock, known as " Ohio 
grindstone," a valuable stone for manufacturing and 
building purposes. This toAvn is the outlet for the 
mineral wealth of the district of country watered by 
the Kanawha river. Tlie Kanawha is navigable for 
steamboats and barges some 80 or 90 miles, the banks 
on both sides lined wdth coal, coal oil, and salt works, 
all of them productive. Large quantities of these are 
shipped to market, and the supply is inexhaustible 
and may be said to be but partially touched. North- 
ern enterprise would develope mineral wealth in this 


valley, beyond computation, and such as would still 
more astonish the world with our incalculable mineral 
wealth. The night-mare of slavery has sat upon the 
heart of this favored country, paralyzing every energy 
and crushing all the impulses of manhood and civiliza- 
tion, which have made the people of less favored 
regions, rich, happy and prosperous. In 1862, this 
valley was in possession of the rebels, some 20,000 
strong, under the notorious and redoubtable Gen. 
Henry A. Wise; but that General was defeated at 
all points and was soon driven from the valley by the 
Union troops. Since then predatory bands of rebels 
have visited the region, stealing, burning, and 
damaging the salt works and oil wells, to a very great 
extent. A Eegiment of Colored troops passed up the 
river to-day en route for the Shenandoah Valley, to 
have and to hold the places captured by our Generals, 
henceforth and forever. 

October 19. Col. Thomas stated yesterday after- 
noon, at dress parade, that the project of raising seven 
hundred men had been abandoned, and that he would 
return with the 192d Eegiment to Philadelphia. 
Prof. Saunders presented himself at aU the camps, 
offering an additional bounty of $2,000 for a company 
of 80 men. But one company of 80 men has thus 
far been organized. It is called the " Thomas 
Guards," commanded by Capt. M'Cleister. The 

li)'2D REGIMENT. 129 

Captains of the unsuccessful companies liave sus- 
pended operations for the present, to be resumed as 
soon as possible, in Philadelphia, either for the State 
service or for the regular army, as may be required. 

October 20. This morning at 8 o'clock the com- 
mand assembled in the public square pursuant to an 
invitation from Prof. Saunders, the indefatigable, who 
it was said, had a new proposition to submit to the 
consideration of the men. Our friend soon presented 
himself and announced that he now proposed to raise 
a second company of 80 men, or more, upon the same 
terms that were offered and accepted by Company 
No. 1.— that he had the same amount, viz:— $42,000 
ready for the new organization. The speaker then 
passed into rapid review of the position of our armies 
and the prospect of speedily crushing the rebellion. 
He spoke of Maryland — our Maryland, as a free State, 
as one of the grandest results of the war, and that it 
was accomplished by the votes of the soldiers. The 
speech was an eloquent one ; in a short time after- 
wards forty men enrolled themselves, with Capt. Coon 
as their officer. At noon a squad of twelve did the 
same, and before evening closed the company was full. 

The good order existing in all the departments of 
the Post for the last four or five weeks, and the strict 
observance of orders which prevailed so satisfactorily 
was interrupted flagrantly last evening by Sergeant 


James N. Smith, of Company I. who was the princi- 
pal actor in a breach of the peace, which came near 
terminating the life of a Constable of the town. Smith 
had become intoxicated, and at one of the hotels with- 
out any provocation, drew his revolver, and com- 
menced firing upon the crowd. One of the balls struck 
the Constable in the forehead, inflicting a dangerous 
and painful wound. The offender was roughly han- 
dled before he could be subdued, and was himself 
severely cut about the head and face. Great indigna- 
tion was felt by all at the atrocious conduct of this 
man, and he was by request of the civil authorities, 
transferred to them by Col. Thomas for trial. The 
foUoAvinac order in reference to re-enlisted men was 
issued this afternoon : — 


Head Quarters, 192d Reg't Pa. Vols. 

Gallipolis, October 20, 1864. 

In pursuance of Special Order No. 153, Commanders of 
Companies are notified that all enlisted men of the 192d Pa. 
Vols., who have re-enlisted will be excused from duty with 
their respective companies. Captains having such men in 
their commands will immediately make out full sets of dis- 
charge papers for the purpose of facilitating the muster of 

the men. 

By order 


Lieut. Colonel Comnd'g RegH. 

192d regiment. 131 

To-day the Regimental officers were absorbed in the 
closing of the accounts incident to the Post, prepara- 
tory to our departure from the place. No visitors at 
Head Quarters were admitted. The reduction of force 
caused by the organization of the two companies has 
fallen rather heavily upon the remaining portion of the 
garrison. Non-commissioned officers are improvised 
from the ranks, to supply deficiencies, and the soldiers 
have little respite from active duty. This morning a 
card appeared in the two newspapers of the city, 
under the signature of our Regimental officers. The 
thanks of the Regiment to the /citizens of Gallipolis 
are not unmeaning words, but express truly the sen- 
timents of all, for the generous courtesy they have 
shown to the entire command, from the time of our 
arrival until our proposed departure. It may be 
remarked too, that the majority of the people possess 
cultivated refinement and education, such as is but 
rarely found in communities so closely allied to the 
withering and blasting influences of slavery, that insti- 
tution having flourished, and it only, within sight of 
the town. Here, let it be said, no man or women is 
ostracised and stigmatized as a mud-sill, a greasy 
mechanic or a dirty farmer, because engaged in these 
useful and honorable pursuits. This injustice and 
usurpation was the work and the boast of a few wealthy 
slave-owners, who derived all their ill-gotten gains 


from the unpaid labor of their slaves, and who had 
reduced all white men around them to the degraded 
condition of the slave. This practice is drawing to a 
violent close. A new order of affairs is being inaug- 
urated, and there is no town in the country more to 
be benefitted by the change than Gallipolis. It will 
be at the head of the onward and upward movement 
as soon as the war closes, opening a new country, a 
new people, and a new market for the manufactures, 
the enterprise and the enlightenment so firmly and so 
wisely established here. It is on the border, with light, 
virtue, and religion on one side — darkness, death, and 
tyranny on the other. The victory is on the side of 
light and the wrongs of centuries pass away forever. 
It is with pleasure that this card is entered upon the 
Journal of our Eegiment : — 


The term for wliicli the 192d Reg't Pa., Vols, was accepted 
by the Secretary of War, will soon terminate. It is probable 
that within a few days, an order relieving us, will be received. 
We feel unwilling to leave Gallipolis, without an expression 
of gratitude to its citizens, for many favors received at their 
hands, and many evidences of kind feeling shown by them. 
Before we reached the Post, and while we were really suffer- 
ing from a scantity of Commissary stores owing to the inclem- 
ency of the weather and heavy condition of the roads, the 
kindness of one man, Wm. H. Laxgley, whose munificent 
liberality has so justly earned for him, the name of the "Sol- 

192d regiment. 133 

dier's Friend," was manifested, and the wagon load of fresh 
bread and ginger bread sent out to us by him, will not be 
soon forgotten by our men. Since our arrival the same spirit 
has been evinced. The favorable opinion expressed by many 
of you on several occasions in regard to our Regiment, are 
especially gratifying as they afford a pleasing contrast to the 
expressions of dissatisftiction so often heard, wlien a hungry 
soldier appropriates to his use, an apple or an ear of corn. 
We will ever bear in grateful recollection, the many kind- 
nesses shown to us, during the period of our military services 
at the Post of Gallipolis. 

On behalf of the officers and men, 

WM. B. THOMAS, Colonel. 
BEN J. L. TAYLOR, Lieut. Colonel. 
irENRY J. SNYDER, Major. 
JAMES B. RONEY, Adjutant. 
ISAAC J. CLARKE, Surgeon. 
RICHMOND M. KIRK, Assist. Surg, 
ABRAM M. BARD, Assistant Surg. 

October 21. The marauders in Virginia are again 
preparing for action. They have been reinforced by- 
deserters and stragglers from Eaely's army, and 
are in strong force, though thoroughly disorganized. 
This Regiment cannot and will not move an inch from 
the possession of this place, at present, or until ade- 
quate troops are sent for its relief unless for the pur- 
pose of pursuins; the robbers. Great activitv in camp 
12 ^ 


and every man on duty. The machinery moves with 
the regularity of clock-work. The citizens regret the 
inability of the Regiment to remain with them for a 
longer period. Hope it will return after a short stay 
in Philadelphia. Fresh beef every day in addition to 
all the other allowances. ISTo disorders of any kind 
have occurred or are likely to occur. A large stern- 
wheel steamer came down the Kanawha, laden with 
2,000 barrels of coal oil, to be taken to Louisville, for 
refining. This boat makes weekly trips to and fro ; 
the business is remunerative and the introduction of 
Northern men, capital and enterprise will make this 
one of the richest, if not the richest region of the world. 
Slavery has kept all these vast resources, the bountiful 
gifts from the hands of Providence, in their primitive 
obscurity, contenting itself with working the soil on 
the surface to death with unpaid labor, while the still 
more valuable product was neglected and remained 
undisturbed below. 

October 22. Fitful changes of the weather with 
increasing cold. This morning it commenced snowing, 
covering the ground to some depth, the snow remain- 
ing for some hours. Last night Company K. arrived 
at this camp, having been re-called from Ironton, 
where they had been stationed for the last six weeks. 
They brought the mournful intelligence of the death of 
their commanding officer, Lieut. V/illiam C. Tyndale, 

192d regiment. 135 

of Company B., who had been detailed by Col. Thomas, 
to the command of Company K. and of the Post at 
Ironton, vice Capt. Bohland. The circumstances of 
his death are extremely painful; that one who had 
often perilled his life in the front of battle, and who 
had distinguished himself in the service of his Country, 
winning the confidence of his superior officers in all 
stations, and by none more so than Col. Thomas, 
should have passed away by drowning, is deeply 
regretted by all. It appears that about 5 o'clock 
yesterday afternoon he embarked his command on 
board the steamboat, to bring them to this post. 
There was some disorder on board the vessel, about 
9 o'clock in the evening, and in passing down the gang- 
way leading from the cabin to the lower deck, to 
ascertain the cause of the confusion, he is supposed to 
have walked into the river from the front of the step 
landing. A cry for aid was heard from the stern of 
the boat, which was the only intimation of the acci- 
dent to those on board. The boat was instantly 
stopped, plank and rope were thrown in the direction 
of the voicC; but all failed in rescuing him from a 
watery grave. Thus has a brave and an accomplished 
officer, a public spirited citizen and a devoted suppor- 
ter of his country, fallen in the discharge of his duty 
confided to him by his commanding officer. Lieut. 
Tyndale was too, a meritorious officer in this war. 


He e^nlisted in Col. E. D. Baker's California Reoi- 
ment in 1861. Was in tlie battle of Ball's Bluff, 
where lie was taken prisoner and carried to Pviclimond. 
After beino; exchano-ed lie continued in tlie service 
until his term of enlistment had expired. During this 
time he was in nearly all the battles under M'Clellan, 
BuRNSiDE and Hooker. His gallantry and capacity 
entitled him to promotion in the service, but he 
retired to his home in Philadelphia for a brief period, 
to recruit his health, seriously impaired by the arduous 
duties in which he had served. When Col. Thomas 
was organizing his Begiment, during the critical 
period of Early's intended advance from the Shenan- 
doah valley into Pennsylvania, with an army estimated 
at thirty or forty thousand rebels, he at once took an 
active part in organizing a Company for the Begi- 
ment. This morning a boat Avas dispatched with a 
detachment of soldiers on board, to the place in the 
river where the accident is said to have occurred, for the 
purpose of endeavering to recover the body. Although 
Lieut. William C. Tyndale has passed from earth, 
he has left a proud legacy behind him of devotion to 
his country in this her last and deadly struggle with 
the enemies of liberty, of laAV, and of free government. 
His name is among the few immortal names, that 
were not born to die, to be cherished and made brighter 
as succeeding generations shall pause and ponder over 

192d regiment. 137 

the sacrifices of life and treasure laid upon the altar 
of our country by her devoted children. 

The second Company of re-enlisted men, under 
Capt. Coox which had attained the full complement, 
was disbanded yesterday evening, so that there is but 
one company remaining. The cause is found in the 
fact that the organization was too late to come under 
the call of the President and would not be entitled to 
the bounty. Prof. Saunders returned to Phila- 
delphia, delighted with the cordial welcome extended 
to him by citizens and soldiers, but not well pleased, 
it is feared, with his partial success in forming a new 
Regiment here. He will still persevere in his noble 
and arduous work, and we trust we shall welcome 
him amongst us in Philadelphia. 

This evening orders came from Head Quarters, to 
inspect arms for service. This duty was accordingly 
performed, and the arms found in serviceable condition. 
The companies were also ordered to be ready for duty 
at a moment's notice. The rumor most credited, in 
the absence of anything definite, was that the rebels 
had made demonstrations against our post at Ironton, 
and were hovering in that vicinity. Men very impa- 
tient for the order to advance, — the more anxious 
sleeping on their arms, their blankets folded, and their 
boxes filled with cartridges. 

October 23. This morning it is stated on good 



authority, a despatch was received from Gen. Hooker^ 
requesting the troops here to remain. All hands said 
Amen, and so it is. Although the expiration of the 
term of enlistment is at hand, there is determina- 
tion on the part of all to remain, and if need be, fight 
it out wherever our Colonel may order. On the look- 
out for further information on this subject. Reports 
still prevalent of rebels intending an attack upon some 
exposed point. Various plans are concocted to head 
them off, all of Avhich will be settled in due time by 
orders from the proper quarter. 

Lieut. McCarthy, of Company K, Lieutenant of 
the Guard to-day, in running his whiskey machine, 
came to an abrupt halt in his wild career this after- 
noon. The Colonel requested his presence at Head 
Quarters, to explain the ground upon which he (the 
Lieutenant) had released from the guard-house, one 
of his companions in confinement for drunkenness and 
disobedience of orders. M'Cartpiy was too much 
intoxicated to give an intelligible explanation of his 
conduct, when a Corporal was summoned who soon 
divested the officer of sword and sash. Thus has the 
cup, the worst enemy of the soldier, brought another 
victim to grief. 

October 24. Information was received last night, 
that the rebels in considerable force, under command 
of the well-known Capt. Thurston, were prowling 

192d RKCl.MHNT. 189 

about tliL' iieiL;hl)orlu)0(l of Guyaiidotte, and the force 
stationed at that town not being deemed yiitiieient, 
Col. Thomas placed himself at the head of Companies 
P, C, and N, and started this morning at 8 o'clock, on 
the gunboat '' Alice" for that place. Major Snyder 
also accompanied the expedition. Guyandotte is a 
small town, some forty miles below this Post, on the 
river, and is garrisoned by a small force of New York 
Volunteers. Those who were not called upon to go 
with Col. Thomas feel themselves slighted, and had 
not profanity been abandoned, some of those who have 
heretofore indulged in the practice, would have found 
vent to their disappointment in that kind of blowing. 
To-day some anxiety was manifested as to the orders 
for the departure of the Pvcgiment. Some asserted 
that marching orders had been received, to which 
others, of the incredulous kind replied, that '' this 
powder has been shot off before." The battalion at 
Weston, having performed all the duty required of 
them by Gen. Kelly, and there being no further 
demand upon them, struck tents and took up the line 
of march for Clarksburg, — 23 miles, which point was 
reached in seven hours' hard marching, where the 
battalion encamped, awaiting further orders. 

October 25. A dense fog hung the heavens in 
black for many hours of the morning. Towards noon 
the sun dissipated the Egyptian vapor, making all 


hands cheerful and happy for the rest of the day. 
The guards who are exposed to this fog all night, are 
in an extremely uncomfortable situation. The 
''Trumbull Guards," vulgarly called " Cheeseheads," 
assisted in guarding to-day, and their Captain, Smith, 
was Officer of the Day. These guards have very 
comfortable quarters, frame houses, furnished with 
stoves and articles of household furniture, all kept in 
elegant order. We have as yet no tidings from the 
expedition to Guyandotte. The guard on the Gen. 
Crook, to Charleston and camp Piatt, commanded by 
Lieut. Vansciver, nine men from Company E, and six 
from Company H, are now on board. 

Death comes unbidden into our ranks, and sweeps 
away our brigh tests jewels. True it is, in the decease 
of our young friend Edward F. Taylor, that death 
loves a shinino; mark. This vouns; man died on Mon- 
day evening at 9 o'clock, regretted and mourned by 
his entire Regiment. He was too good, manly and 
brave : too gifted in mind and generous in thought to 
have an enemy. All loved him who came to know 
him. He joined Company E, among the first, and 
having a knowledge of the music required for that 
branch of the service, he was appointed Drum Major 
of the Regiment by Col. Thomas. In this position he 
was ever at his post, ever mindful of the welfare of 
his youthful comrades, and to the last anxious to per- 

192d regiment. 141 

form his allotted .share of duly. Edward F. Taylor 
was an example to his companions, and one too, which 
will he ever green to those who loved him when living 
and revere his memory in death. 

His disease was typhoid fever ; he was in the 18th 
year of his age : and had he lived, a bright and honor- 
able future would have been his destiky. Company 
E, attended his remains to the boat for Philadelphia, 
as a funeral escort. 

To his parents the loss of their son is irreparable. 
The father of the deceased, when the disease assumed 
a dangerous form, was sent for, and he arrived in 
time to attend to his noble son in his dying moments. 
It is a consolation for him to know, that during his ill- 
ness he was tenderly cared for and the best physicians 
were summoned to his side ; but all their skill was in 
vain. Thus it is that, in the midst of life we are in 
death. The bloom of youth mantled his cheek ; high 
prospects of usefulness to society and to his country 
appeared to him in the future ; but all these hopes and 
honorable aspirations are hushed forever by the 
unsparing hand of death. He still lives in the hearts 
and memory of all who loved and knew him best, and 
by those who will cherish his virtues as an example 
more precious than fine gold. 

October 26. This day completes the Eegimental 
term of enlistment for One Plundred Days. No orders 


have yet reached Head Quarters relieving the Regi- 
ment. Officers and men are willing and ready to 
comply with more than what was nominated in the 
bond, as long as necessity may require. As long as 
Col. Thomas is in pursuit of the rebels, and perhaps 
longer, it is admitted all around, that that necessity 
exists. The men are also willing to serve until relieved, 
if they have to stay all winter ; at noon while the men 
were talking over the chances of the absent detach- 
ment. Col. Thomas and his command returned from 
Guyandotte, on board the '' Alice." At this place he 
scoured the country in every direction in search of 
the marauders, but these thieves and murderers hear- 
ing of his approach marched off and fled, to seek some 
more favorable opportunity, or to attack a less guarded 

Owing to the presence of considerable bodies of 
desparate bushwhackers on the Kanawha, supposed 
to be the same that threatened Guyandotte a few days 
ago, the transport Gen. Crook was detained to-day, 
for the purpose of receiving a battery, and to have 
her decks made shot proof, as far as circumstances 
will admit. Some fifty bales of hay were arranged on 
the upper deck, leaving space between each to fire 
throu2:h. These form a first-rate breastwork. A 
battery of the 1st Virginia Artillery, eight pieces, 6 
and 12 pounders, rifled, iron and brass howitzers, 80 

192d regiment. 143 

men and 125 horses, with caissons and full equipments, 
were taken on board the transports the Gen. Crook, 
and the Victress, en route for the Kanawha. These 
boats having also large quantities of ammunition and 
stores on board, were very deeply laden. 

Yesterday a grand fight took place some thirty 
miles south of Gallipolis, at a small post on the 
Ohio river called Winfield. This Post was garri- 
soned by a Company of forty New York Cavalry. 
The guerrillas dismounted some distance from the 
frame houses occupied by the Union men, and 
advanced upon the pickets, who were captured, owing 
to the darkness. The men in the houses however, 
hearing the noise of approaching footsteps, quickly 
arose from their sleep and met the enemy with a 
volley within twenty paces. Some were killed, 
wounded, and captured. The Kebs gave one strag- 
gling volley in return and then fled, taking with them, 
we regret to say, thirty of our cavalry horses, and 
killing five. 

October 27. The Gen. Crook, convoying the Vic- 
tress, left Gallipolis this morning, at 2 o'clock and 
reached Leon, seventeen miles above, at 6. The 
Victress had also in tow two barges, loaded with 
cannon, caissons, and horse equipments of the Artillery 
Company. The whole were landed at this poiiit. On 
board of this boat was also a detachment of one hun- 


dred men under command of Capt. David E. Wen- 
mcH, of Company E, and Lieut. Jamieson, artillery 
support in its march to Charleston, the whole under 
command of Capt. Fuese, of the Artillery, who was 
detached from Gen. Sheridan's army for any emer- 
gency that might occur in this valley. They were to 
march twenty miles to-day, to Eed House, where they 
would be relieved by an infantry support from Charles- 
ton. The Kanawha at many places is very wide and 
shallow, and although the Gen. Crook draws but 
36 inches the bottom is frequently touched ; but the 
boat passes over aU shallows easily, having powerful 
engines to overcome all obstacles to her onward pro- 
gress. The Eebs are reported to have made their 
appearance in the valley, committing various depre- 
dations. Every man on board is armed with a rifle, 
and, should any of them fire upon our boat, we are 
prepared to give them a warm reception in return. 
Capt. Wexrich, should he encounter them, will give 
a good account of himself. He is an energetic, brave, 
and competent officer, and one who will do all that is 
expected of him. His men too, are true as steel, as 
would be shown, should opportunity offer. 

The fight at Winfield on the night of the 25th, was 
more important and disastrous to the rebels than first 
information led us to suppose. The rebels were 460 
strong, under the command of a desperate marauder, 

192d regiment. 145 

Philip Thurston, a wealthy planter ; (if the posses- 
sion of human live stock can be called wealth,) which 
stock has abandoned its owner, and is now free ; his 
farm, in size several thousand acres, is near this place. 
At first fire Thurston was wounded so severely that 
he died at daylight. The battle lasted an hour, the 
rebels riddling the frame houses with bullets, injuring 
only one man. They formed under the bank of the 
river, and on emerging they received another volley, 
knocking over several of them, when the whole party 
skeddadled. Among the prisoners was the brother of 
Thurston, an ignorant ill-looking cuss. The prisoners 
were placed on our boat at Winfield, for passage to 
Charleston, in charge of the 7th N. Y. Cavalry. 
This band of guerrillas was the same that threatened 
to attack the small garrison at Guyandotte. The 
rapid movement of Col. Thomas, with loO of his 
infantry to that point, prevented Thurston from effect- 
ing his purpose. That wily rebel, aware of the 
approach of our forces, and supposing himself greatly 
outnumbered, at once retreated and marched upon 
Winfield. There he was defeated and killed. Eeached 
Charleston at 7 P. M., discharged cargo, and imme- 
diately left for Camp Piatt, ten miles further, 
arriving there at 9, where we remained an hour, 
returning to Charleston, remaining until morning. 

The battalion encamped at C]ark?^burg, under Major 


McClintock, struck tents to-day, en route for Phila- 

October 28. Eained very fast nearly all night, 
causing considerable rise in the rivers. The town of 
Charleston is built upon a high bluff; population about 
800 — buildings neat and of modern construction. 
There is a sprightly Republican newspaper published 
here. Before the war a newspaper advocating Eman- 
cipation would have been pitched into the river, and 
the editor along with it. Now, as one of the most 
important results of the rebellion, free press, free 
speech, and freedom generally, not heretofore enjoyed 
in this part of the world, are no longer under the 
heel of the slaveholders. His power over the minds 
and souls of this people has departed from him, never 
to return. If there were no other results of this war, 
these achievements would compensate for all we have 
suffered. '' One day, one hour, in the enjoyment of 
virtuous liberty, is worth a whole eternity in bond- 
age." So wrote our Revolutionery fathers, and never, 
until now, have the Virginians known the force and 
the truth of the sentiment. 

But, this is not all that has been accomplished in 
the brief period of four years; our free institutions are 
more firmly founded than ever before, and they will 
go down to posterit}^ no. longer defiled by slavery, and 
instead of being alb slaves, (white and black,) they are 

19-2d regiment. 147 

all free, — lliey and lln-ir ])0.stonty liencefonvard for- 
ever. xVll this tlie war of Independence failed to 
accomplish. It remained for a later period to com- 
plete the work commenced by Washington, Jefferson, 
Madison, and a host of other great men who acknow- 
ledged the magnitude of the evil, — the enormity of its 
injustice, but who were powerless for its destruction. 
They proclaimed liberty throughout all the land, and 
unto all the inhabitants thereof. It is now on the 
point of fulfilment : — 

" My native country ! thee : 
The land of the noble free, 
Thy name I love." 

Since the loth of August, three hundred and fifty 
rebel deserters delivered themselves up at this and 
other posts along the Ohio and Kanawha rivers. These 
hail from Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky and 
Georgia. All of them have taken the oath of allegiance. 
Some of them have been officers in the rebel service ; 
many of higher rank than they were willing to admit ; 
also, one hundred and twenty-five prisoners, mostly 
bushwhackers. Of these, fifty or more per week are 
senth Xorth. 

Left Charleston this morning at 9 o'clock, A. M., 
'he current accelerating the speed of the boat several 
knots an hour. On arriving at Red House, 22 miles 


above Leon, we perceived Capt. Wenpjch's detachment 
of one hundred men on the bank of the river, awaiting 
the approach of the boat. He had marched the distance 
the day previous in seven hours, and although covered 
with mud and water, the men were in capital spirits, 
and capable of the same march to-day. The entire 
party was landed at Gallipolis at 5 o'clock this after- 
noon, having performed the duty assigned them. 

The Steamer Gen. Crook is chartered by the Gov- 
ernment, being one of the finest boats on the river, — 
commanded by Capt. C. H. Wheelek, a gentleman 
singularly well qualified for the post he fills. During 
our stay in his charge, the utmost hospitality was 
extended to the ofiicers and men, and the Government 
is fortunate in having him at a post of so much import- 
ance. His boat w^as captured by guerrillas last spring, 
and burned to the water's edge. The hull was unin- 
jured. Gen. ScAMMON,* on board at the time, w\as 
captured. The Eebs boarded the Crook at night, and 
ow4ng to the darkness, they were not perceived until 
they had seized the engineer and in possession of all 
the passages on the boat. After the rebels had left, 
Capt. Wheeler extinguished the fire — saved the hull, 
so that after re -construction, his steamer was good as 

* This oflBcer was sent to Richmond, afterwards to Charleston, 
and placed under fire in a part of the city exposed to the shells from 
our batteries. He was exchanged a few days ago, and is now in 
command of a battery firing upon the city. 

192d regIxMent. 149 

new, and has continueJ performing valuable service 
on the river. Should the rebels try the same thing 
now, there would not be as much laughing in Camp- 
bellstown as there was on their first attack. 

Lieut. Col. Hall, of the 13th Virginia Cavalry, who 
was killed at Winchester, in a recent battle at that 
place, was buried with military honors to-day, at 
Pleasanton, 11 miles above Gallipolis. The detail to 
the funeral was Companies C, H, E, and P, under the 
command of Lieut. Col. Bexj. L. Taylor. 

This morning a squad of men was sent down the 
river to continue the search for the body of Lieut. 
Tyndale, accompanied by the brother of the deceased, 
who arrived here from Philadelphia yesterday. 

October 29. No fog, — clear sunshine all day. The 

boat-guard to Camp Piatt consisted of Lieut. Griffee, 

of Company C, and 15 men. Last night. Major 

Snyder, Capt. Woodward, and a detachment of men 

proceeded into the country some three miles, in the 

vicinity of our old camp-ground, on the Portland road, 

and captured two men, — Nelson Fletcher, Sr., and 

Nelson Fletcher, Jr., — father and son, who, it is 

alleged, on good and sufficient evidence, are connected 

with the gang of bushwhackers who were driven from 

Guyandotte by Col. Thomas, and who met with defeat 

at Winfield. They are also charged with horse-stealing, 

and the son is known as a spv, for whom our troops have 

150 JOl'RXAL 0^ THE 

been looking for, and after whom anxious inquiries have 
been made since the war began. He was home to 
recuperate his health, which had given way under his 
late arduous duties, and he w^ould probably not have 
been captured but for this circumstance in his career. 
He is said to be the most expert spy the rebels have 
in their employment in this section of country, and it 
is to be regretted that he was not sooner caught. 
These marauders have a dodge of their own which 
renders their capture exceedingly difficult. They are 
known to be some eight hundred strong, whose opera- 
tions extend for nearly tw^o hundred miles on both sides 
of the Ohio and Kanawha rivers. They can readily 
concentrate one-half or the whole of their force at short 
notice, and w^henever they may find a place unguarded 
or a store to plunder. In the day-time, they are at 
home in the garb of obsequious and inoffensive farmers, 
■while at night they assemble, armed wath rifles and 
revolvers, — well mounted on fine, fresh horses, robbing 
and murdering Union citizens. If these men were 
hung as fast as they are taken, many valuable lives 
w^ould be saved, and there w^ould be no necessity of 
keeping two or three regiments scattered over the 
country to Avatch them. Their game ought to be 
brought to a speedy close. 

There is an order from general Head Quarters, 
under the signature of Gen. Hooker, dated October 

1J->2d ue(-;i.mext. 151 

2G, relieving this Regiment, and two companies of 
three-year veterans are understood to have left Colum- 
bus for this place. We are making preparations to 
leave for home ! 

This afternoon there was considerable bustling at 
the steamboat landing, caused by the arrival of a fresh 
load of eighty refugees from the old State of Virginia, 
and also from North Carolina. They are all males, 
and the most ill-looking, harem-scarem set of creatures 
that could be imagined. To say that they are ragged 
and torn, lean and hungry as Cassius, is hardly doing 
justice to these knightly specimens of the once Old 
Dominion. These men had evidently been in the rebel 
army, and not liking to come as deserters, presented 
themselves in the less repidsive form of refugees. If 
true, they weathered the privations of their situation 
with wonderful endurance. Some of them look too, as 
if they had in the prime days of Southern domination, 
whipped Northern school mistresses, cropped the ears 
of Yankee Professors, and stolen Northern papers and 
letters from the mails, and in more recent days, set fire 
to the houses of Union people. On the sam(3 landing 
can be seen three or fotir families of genuine refugees, 
women and helpless children, without shelter, in the 
open air, whose male protectors have volunteered or 
have been forced into the rebel army. The condition 
of these sufferers and strangers, is truly heart-rending. 


The charity of the people here seems to have been nearly 
exhausted upon the number flying from rebel tyranny 
and starvation. All the food they have is what is 
doled out to them by the Post Quarter Master. Their 
sufferings in the future, unless compassion is taken 
upon them, will be great indeed. Not one-quarter 
the horrors of this wicked rebellion will ever be known, 
especially that inflicted upon helpless women and inno- 
cent children. 

This evening an order came to the several companies, 
officers, &c., to prepare for an advance movement home- 
wards, and to the cooks, to prepare five days' rations. 
The camp-fires are now burning brightly, giving the 
landscape a very picturesque appearance. 

Lieut. John F. Snyder, appointed Acting Adjutant 
of the Regiment, vice Lieut. Cunningham, resigned, 
was to-day relieved by Lieut. Eoney. In General 
Orders, issued by Lieut. Col. Taylor, relieving Adj. 
Snyder, he speaks in complimentary terms of the 
faithful performance of duty while the Adjutancy was 
in charge of the latter officer. 

October 30. A great many officers and men have 
gone to church. The Hospital Guard has been with- 
drawn. This morning, two companies of the 37th 
Iowa, who will relieve the 192d Regiment, reached 
here. They are veterans, in every sense of the term, 
none of them being under 45 years of age. They are 

1^2d REGIME-NT. 153 

last from Columbus, Ohio, and under the command of 
Major Lehman Allen, to whom the Post was trans- 
ferred to-day by Col. Thomas. Corp. Klingler was 
detailed for duty at the place where Lieut. Ty^'DALE 
was drowned, for the purpose of continuing the efforts 
made for the recovery of his remains. 

Our informant* states that Major M'Clixtock's 
command reached Philadelphia to-day. 

During the operations of the P^egiment, passing and 
re-passing along the river, and some distance into the 
border counties of Virginia and Kentucky, opportu- 
nities were given to the scouts of observing the con- 
dition of the country and the effects of the war upon 
its inhabitants. Kow, that the Pvea^iment is about 
leaving, these scouts are coming to camp, — some of 
them -are our own men, while others are natives of 
the country, employed in this service on that account, 
having a knowledge of its local geography which no 
stranger could well acquire in time to be of value. 
These men invariably tell the same story, that slavery, 
the blood-stained monster, is dead ! An intelligent man 
who has been in this service from the commencement 
of the rebellion, and whose name cannot be given here, 
assures us, that from the moment the first gun was 
fired upon the Star of the West, the atmosphere in 
which slavery breathed and had its being was changed, 

* Corporal Albert Snackenberg. • 


and that master and slave at once realized what they 
had hitherto believed an impossibility, that the shackles 
had fallen from the limbs of the bond. The master 
no longer presumed to command, nor the slave to obey. 
The strong power which held them together in its iron 
grasp for centuries crumbled into ashes in a moment. 
The slaves did not manifest any extraordinary feeling 
or engage in acts of violence, such as might be supposed 
would originate in a change so radical, so astounding, 
and so sudden. The slave, — strong and stalwart, 
expressed his joy, and realized his freedom by walking 
away, not in the direction of the North Star, as thous- 
ands have done before him, — pursued by Southern 
blood-hounds and Northern constables, but he walked 
in the strength of his manhood to the spot where he 
heard the roll of our drums and the thunder of our 
cannon. The plantations have become depopulated, the 
oppressor and his white sons going one wa}^, to the 
regions of despair under Davis, and the oppressed in 
another, to breathe the air of liberty and to battle for 
that flag which for the first time in the history of its 
existence proclaimed freedom to all. The horses, mules, 
cattle, swine, and live stock generally, which once so 
plentifully abounded on all these extensive plantations, 
have disappeared. The fields have, with some few 
exceptions, fallen into the original state of nature in 
li^hich they were first found. The orchards have 

192d regiment. 155 

yielded their abundance, but there were none left to 
eat and none to gather their fruits. Slavery is extinct ! 
It was slavery itself that struck the blow that set four 
millions of human beings free. It broke the back and 
tumbled to the earth, the monster that sought the life 
of the nation. In this great convulsion, which shook 
to their centre, two continents, we need not sorrow 
over the waste in the immediate vicinity of the explo- 
sion. What are barren fields, depopulated plantations 
and other consequential damages compared with results 
which will be beneficially realized for ages to come ? 
It was slavery's desperate stroke for continued supre- 
macy in the Republic that secured its downfall. It was 
the end of that political slavery too, which constituted 
that great privileged class at the South, that order of 
nobility that could not brook a superior — an aristocracy 
without hereditary title, but more haughty and impe- 
rious, because bastard in its origin, and unrestrained 
by either law or religion. The wonder is that this 
horrible system has so long been tolerated by the most 
enlightened nation of the earth. It is an anomaly of 
the age which will puzzle and mortify all posterity. 

Nor can we close our eyes to the great injury which 
the institution of slavery has exerted upon the material 
interests of the country which it occupied. The land 
was but partially cultivated. Laborers from other 
portions of the world were excluded from the inviting 


fields of the South, — these sought and found an outlet 
and a home in less favored regions and prospered. 
The emigration from the North and from Europe was 
turned westward, while in the South the field^s were 
perishing under the deadly weight of unpaid labor. 
Now it is open to the entrance of all who seek a home 
within our country. The question which has exercised 
the minds of philanthropists and philosophers : — What 
will become of the African? is already solved. The 
Northern blockheads and selfish politicians asserted 
that the free States of the North would be overrun 
and overwhelmed with negroes in the event of emanci- 
pation. This great proclamation of freedom has been 
in force for three years, and tlieir fears and predictions 
have not yet been realized. On the contrary, the free 
colored men of the North have gone South to fight in 
the great struggle for Union and liberty. There is 
room still for millions more, — from the Potomac to 
the Rio Grande, and from the Atlantic to New Mexico. 
Instead of four millions of laborers cultivating cotton, 
rice, and tobacco, there is room for one hundred mil- 
lions of laborers, with land enough to subsist and 
clothe themselves, and enough to spare for the rest of 
mankind. Who can realize the greatness of a free 
South, — her millions of acres of untouched, virgin 
lands, monopolized by a small fraction of slave-holders, 
who added nothino: to the common stock, and lived in 

192d regiment. 157 

luxury upon the sweat of unpaid labor, set free and 
open to the industry of all ? When this war is over, 
the new life of the South will just then have begun. 
All nations will again weave and wear American 
cotton ; with this addition, the more pleasant to the 
wearer, that it is the product of free labor. We need 
have no fear of disappointment. Do not be afraid of 
the black man, although he may be untutored and 
uncivilized. He is as well informed as his late master. 
He is not an African slave any longer. He has no 
memories of Africa. He never had his home in Africa; 
he never saw Africa. It is true, he has African blood in 
his veins, but how diluted, bleached, almost whitened. 
Who dare say after this that he is an African slave ? 
Almost all of them have the marks, the mind, the 
courage, and the intellect of the Caucassian stamped 
upon their features. Trust him. Stand by him and 
see that he has foir-play. That is all that he needs, 
even at this early period, the infoncy of his birth-day 
to freedom. 

October 31. The last day of the month was also 
the last of Col. Thomas' Eegiment in Gallipolis. At 
4.30 A. M. every man was on his feet ; and, breakfast 
over at 5, all hands without delay commenced packing 
knapsacks and striking tents. This w^ork completed, 
the men finished taking their supply of rations ; at 9 
all the companies marched to the levee, and at 11.20 


the whole command was embarked on board the Gen. 
Crook, en route for home, via Parkersburg, and on the 
Baltimore and Ohio Eailroad. In a few hours the 
transition was so complete, from a populous camp into 
an airy vacuum, that no one, without having seen it, 
could testify that eleven hundred men had ever occu- 
pied the place. Soldiers are like the tortoise, they 
carry their houses. on their backs, in our case consist- 
ing of King Cotton, reduced into shape by the skill and 
industry of free labor. In passing through the town 
the several companies were greeted with cheers at all 
points, and the ladies, God bless them ! enthusiastically 
waved their handkerchiefs from the windows of their 
houses. We sincerely regretted the parting from our 
newly made friends, but they may rest assured that 
neither time nor distance can efface the recollection of 
the hospitality and kindness bestowed upon the officers 
and men of this Regiment. That a few disorderly 
spirits found vent for their evil passions is to be 
regretted; these, it is but just to remark, were fully 
rewarded by the crocodile tears shed over their depar- 
ture by the good people of the town. 

November 1. This morning the Gen. Crook, with 
her living freight, arrived within two miles of Park- 
ersburg. West Virginia, her further progress having 
been arrested by the dense fog which then rested on 
the river. The passage from the point of starting 

192d regiment. 159 

pres(?nte(:l a striking and remarkaLle contrast, as 
between IrecJom and slavery, on the Ohio and Vir- 
ginia shores of the river. On the Ohio side the 
evidences of prosperity and industry are everywhere 
apparent. Beautiful villages, handsome and indeed 
stately dwellings, collieries without number, furnaces 
for smelting iron ore, oil and salt w^ells, everywhere 
appear. Churches and school-houses, well-dressed and 
joyful children, all along force themselves upon our 
notice. Patriotic and lovely women descrying the 
approach of the Crook for miles down the river, hasten 
to unfurl the American flag, which they wave until 
out of sight. On the Virginia side nothing is to be 
seen. In three hours after reaching Parker sburg, the 
train started for home — at 1.15 precisely. 

The town is thoroughly fortified, and garrisoned by 
a strong body of troops. The Government buildings 
are spacious and well constructed. It is of some im- 
portance as a military post. On the junction of the 
Little Kanawha and Ohio rivers it commands the 
largest portion of Western Virginia, having also con- 
nection with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. It 
contains seven thousand inhabitants, and is the metro- 
polis of the West Virginia coal oil region, covering 
Tyler, Wood, Wirt, Pleasants, Richie, Calhoun, Roane, 
Jackson and Kanawha counties. This great region is 
comparatively unoccupied. There are only 2,346,137 


acres of improved land, and 8,550,257 unimproved. 
These acres contain deposits of gold, silver, coal, coal 
oil, iron, asplialtum, salt, and a variety of other 
metals. There are also mineral springs, hot and cold, 
and burning oil wells. There is certainly a great 
future for this favored country. The soil, too, is of 
the richest kind for agricultural purposes. The grape 
flourishes luxuriantly, opening a vast field to industry 
for this branch of domestic production. 

Last evening a meeting of commissioned officers was 
held in the cabin of the Gen. Crook, in reference to 
the decease of Lieutenant Tyndale. On motion of 
Major Snyder, Col. William B. Thomas was called 
to the chair. On taking the chair Col. Thomas stated 
the object of the meeting, and delivered a feeling and 
impressive tribute to the character of the deceased 
officer, recalling incidents of his worth as a soldier 
which came under his notice while under his com- 
mand, and that he had placed the responsible position 
at fronton in his care, for the reason that he knew it 
was vested in safe and intelligent guardianship. -That 
during the occupancy of the post, Lieut. Tyndale had 
won the confidence and respect of the people of Iron- 
ton, and that they lamented his decease as sincerely 
as though they had lost a friend and brother. On 
motion of Adjutant Roney, a Committee consisting of 
Lieut. Snyder, Lieut. Brook and Dr. Kirk, were 

li»'2l) KKCIMrNT. IGl 

appoiuled to prepare and report resolutions for the 
adoption of the meeting. That committee reported 
the following, which were read and adopted : 

Whereas, By an inscrutable and all-wise Provi- 
dence, in the dispensation of His will, we have been 
called to mourn the death of our late brother officer, 
Lieut. Tyndale, and unfeignedly regretting the loss 
which this Eegiment has sustained by this stroke of 
Divine authority over the hopes and aspirations of 
men, we feel called upon to express our sorrow that 
his voice is no longer heard in our councils, nor his 
manly form to be seen in our midst. As an officer, a 
soldier, and a gentleman, his brief, yet useful connec- 
tion with us in the service of the United States, in 
which his whole heart was enlisted, for the suppres- 
sion of this most causeless rebellion, he secured our 
highest respect and admiration, never shrinking from 
the most responsible and arduous duties : he also won 
and deserved the. entire confidence of the commanding 
officers of the Eegiment, and he fell, as the soldier 
would desire to fall, at the post of duty and of honor, 
to which he had been assigned. And, feeling an 
expression of our sorrow due to his memory, there- 
fore, be it 

Resolved, That the commissioned officers of this 

Regiment will wear the usual badge of mourning. 

Eesolved, That Capt. Joel S. Perkins, Dr. Ricii- 


MOND M. Kirk, x\djutant James B. PlONey, be a 
Committee to convey to the bereaved widow of Lieut. 
Tyndale a copy of tbese proceedings. 

Previous to adjourning the meeting, Mr. Charles 
EiCKERT, of Company E, was invited to sing the song, 
entitled '^ The Soldier's Funeral," when that gentle- 
man complied with the request, as follows : — 


Hark to the shrill trumpets calling, 

It pierces the soft summer air ; 
Tears from each comrade are falling, 

For the widow and orphan are there. 
The bayonets earthward are turning; 

The drums muffled breath rolls around, 
But he heeds not the voice of the mourning, 

Nor awakes to the bugle sound. 

Sleep, soldier, sleep, though many regret thee 

Who stand by the cold bier to-day ; 
Soon, soon shall the kindest forget thee, 

And thy name from the earth pass away. 
The one thou didst love as a brother 

A friend in his place will have gained ; 
Th}' dog shall keep watch for another. 

And thy steed by a stranger be reined. 

Though hearts that now mourn for thee sadly 

Soon joyous as ever shall be ; 
Though thy bright orphan boy may laugh gladly, 

As he sits on some kind comrade's knee. 

192d RFC I M EXT. 1«53 

Tlieie is one who will !^(ill pay licr duly 

Of tears to the true ami the brave ; 
And when fnvst in the bloom of her beauty 

8he wept o'er the soldier's grave. 

November 2. The train moved from Parkersburg 
at a moderate speed, on its way to Baltimore. The 
cars too were closely packed with men, accoutrements, 
and rations. There was no sleeping room in many of 
them, being such as are used for the transportation 
of cattle, and all without seats. These deficien- 
cies were taken good-humoredly and without com- 
plaint, although the discomfort was sufficient to test 
the patience and endurance of the strongest. Reached 
New Creek at 3.20 A. M. 

This place is occupied by a few troops. It is a 
water station of the Baltimore and Ohio Piailroad. 
The depot, or round-house, is a fine building, contain- 
ing locomotives and machinery undergoing repairs. 
Broken locomotives and machinery, w^arped and 
destroyed by fire, lying promiscuously around the 
place, having several times fallen into the hands of 
rebel raiding incursionists. Several passenger trains 
have been stopped by them in the vicinity, the pas- 
sengers robbed of their money, watches, and other 
valuables, and the cars destroyed. The woods to the 
right and left of the road affording cover for the ban- 
dits, who sally forth upon the unsuspecting traveler 

16-1 .TOniNAL OF THE 

from tlieir hiding-places, committing outrages with 
perfect impunity, not even allowing women and chil- 
dren to retain their jewelry and trinkets that may be 
in their possession. They never waylay trains con- 
taining soldiers — these are invariably allowed to pass 
■unmolested. The brave and dashing Moseby, the pet 
hero of the chivalry, will attack and kill, if he can, 
small squads of soldiers, or cut off from their escorts 
a general or a colonel, having only an inferior force ; 
but when he is matched or outnumbered he and his 
gang fly for safety to their cowardly places of conceal- 
ment. Such is the warfare carried on by the chivalry. 
"Were the knights of old to know that such a flying 
poltroon as Moseby was arraying himself in their pure 
and unsullied garb, they would rise from their graves 
and scourge the rascal to death. His escape is due 
to the fieetness of his horses, selected for their bottom 
for this special service. 

November 3. Arrived at Martinsburg this morn- 
ing at 7 o'clock. The place is held by Gen. Sheridan 
as his base of supplies, a strong force holding it in 
possession from any force of rebels that may see 
proper to test its strength. The encampments stretch 
along the Shenandoah valley on both sides of the 
railroad. The frame and the log houses occupied by 
the soldiers are built with a view for their occupancy 
durins; the winter. A fine stream of water flows 

192d regiment. 165 

through the encampments. An extensive cattle 
coral, containing several thousand head of fine beeves, 
is located on the left of the road. Gen. Sheeidan's 
army is abundantly supplied with subsistence stores. 
Fresh horses are daily arriving from the North for the 
use of his cavalry. Men were engaged in landing 
from a train of cars, a new stock of horses, which had 
arrived during the night. The valley is completely 
broken up — the whole of it is a battle ground, occu- 
pied by soldiers only. It will never again pass from 
the possession of the Union forces. Should the rebels 
get into Sheridan's rear, which is an utter impossi- 
bility, the fate of Lee's army in Pennsylvania will be 
theirs; Sheridan is master of the situation. His 
forces are several miles in front of Martinsburg, and 
it is for the present his base of supplies. The town is 
reduced by fire, leaving bare walls and desolation 
everywhere. All the streets are securely barricaded 
and fortified at all points, so that few men can success- 
fully repel any force that Early, Moseby, Imboden, 
or the whole combined, can bring to bear against it. 
The post is commanded by Gen. Seward, son of the 
Secretary of State. This town was previous to the 
Avar in a flourishino; condition, containino; some 2,000 
inhabitants. Kow, it is in the sole occupancy of United 
States soldiers ; the loyal of its former citizens having 
fled to the North to escape rebel conscription and 


tyranny, and the secesli have been taken to Eichmond. 
After the war is over, Northern enterprise will more 
than restore the town to its former prosperity. It is 
only twenty miles north-west of Harper's Ferry, the 
location being a healthy one and advantageous for 
manufacturing and agricultural pursuits. Harper's 
Ferry was reached at 9 o'clock. The absorbing object 
of interest at this place, and there are many grand 
attractions here to divert attention, was the small 
yellow brick engine house held by John Brown with 
19 men, for two days against the whole power of 
Virginia, and fi'om which he was not dislodged until 
United States troops were called into requisition. 
All the buildings adjoining it have been destroyed by 
the rebels, but this famous house stands uninjured and 
unscathed, a monument to Brown and a reproach 
to those who slaughtered in cold blood the victims of 
his fanaticism. Harper's Ferry (Pelion piled upon 
Ossa) in grandeur and sublimity is to the land what 
Niagara Falls are to the waters — the two greatest 
wonders of Nature. Beached Baltimore at 6 P. M. 
Marched to the Citizens Refreshment Saloon, partook 
of a hearty supper, the second time this Regiment has 
enjoyed its hospitalities; were then assigned to 
comfortable quarters for the night in the Soldiers 
Rest, a large warehouse fitted up for this purpose; 
all these arrangements for our comfort had been made 

192d regiment. 167 

by Messrs. Benj. Huckle, Israel R. Springer, and 
D. P. SouTHWORTH, gentlemen acting as a Committee 
for this purpose from Philadelphia. 

November 4. Left Baltimors this morning at 8.30 ; 
the cars afforded ample room for the comfort of all ; in 
passing out of the city, there were many enthusiastic 
exhibitions of loyalty to the old flag of the Union on 
the part of the citizens. The bunting was thrown 
liberally from the windows, and mechanics and others 
in their shirt-sleeves, stopped work to wave the flag 
and cheer as we passed along. Baltimore may now 
be said to be a loyal city. Laus Deo. Beached the 
city of Penn, our starting point nearly four months 
ago, this evening at 6 o'clock, having been on the 
route for five days. 






It was expected that the remaining companies (the 
others having arrived on Sunday last) of CoL \Vm. B. 
Thomas' Eegiment would arrive at 3 o'clock yesterday 
afternoon, at the Baltimore depot, but they did not 
reach that place until half-past 5 o'clock last evening. 
The reason was attributed to delay at Havre de Grace. 
The companies that had previously arrived proceeded 
to the depot, and at dusk the line of march was taken 
up, the escort consisting of the 192d Eegiment, and 
the Henry Guards. The escort was creditable. The 
192d was formally received in Independence Square 
by Mayor Henry on behalf of the citizens of Philadel- 
phia. The line of march was taken up at the depot, 


Broad and Prime streets, proceeded up Broad to 
Chestnut, thence to Third, thence to Walnut, thence 
to Independence Square, entering that enclosure by 
the lower gateway at ten minutes before seven o'clock, 
keeping step to that favorite old ballad tune : " We 
are coming from the Mountains." 

The Eegiment being drawn into line east and west, 
facing north, Col. Thomas was introduced to the 
Mayor. The band having performed that soul-stir- 
ring air, ''Hail Columbia," 

^ol. Wm. B. STiomas^ introduced tJi& 

Hon. j^LEX. HEJfPiY, JlayoT, 

wlio ddivC're'd the following 

Col. Thomas, Officees, and Soldiers of the 
192d Eegiment : Your friends and fellow-citizens wel- 
come your return to their midst ; and in thus greeting 
your arrival they desire to manifest their appreciation 
of the zeal and alacrity with which a few months 
since you responded to the call for volunteers in an 
hour of urgent need. The special duties assigned to 
you have been promptly and cheerfully performed. 
You have experienced the fatigues of the march, you 
have shared in the hardships of the camp, you have 
held yourselves in constant readiness for the field of 
conflict, and, had opportunity been given, the flag 
which you cany would have been borne by you 

192d regiment. 171 

proudly, bravely, and with honor in the foremost of 
the battle. Many of you return to your homes only 
that you may again go forth among those in arms for 
our country's cause. It cannot be that the struggle 
which for nearly four years has been maintained 
"between revolt and loyalty, between the desperation 
of conscious guilt and the assurance of avenging jus- 
tice, will last much longer. But whether this strug- 
gle be brought to a speedy end, or whether, through 
a Providence that we may not comprehend, it be pro- 
longed through years to come, the final issue must 
and will be the triumph of our Union and the endur- 
ing restoration of its sovereignty and glory. If there 
is other meaning than empty bravado in the oft- 
repeated vaunts of rebel leaders, that, if needs be, this 
unrighteous war shall never cease while one man is 
left to fight in its behalf, then, by the unrequited 
blood of our heroes slain upon countless battle-fields — 
by the priceless value of our free institutions — by the 
love we bear our land — by the duty we owe our God, 
let this war go on until the last armed traitor be 
stricken down behind the last entrenchment of an 
overthrown rebellion. 

Each day since the beginning of the war has 
increased the incalculable obligations of every citizen 
to the gallant men who have exposed or are now 
periling health and life for the preservation of our 
Government and national honor. Belonging to such 
patriot host, all of you have earned a title to the 
gratitude of those whose rights and liberties you have 
aided to protect. 

Sir, more than once you have relinquished the quiet 
of civil station that you. might participate. in the 
defence of your city and State, or lead your comrades 


to remoter scenes of military duty. The remembrance 
of the periods thus devoted to your country's service 
will afford you richer and purer satisfaction than all 
the offices of honors of future years. 

Soldiers! many of you have at different times, 
under your present commander, proved yourselves of 
bold hearts and strong arms, whether to drive the foe 
from your own homes, or to guard your nation's flag 
wherever you have raised its standard. The homes 
which joyously await your presence will be all the 
brighter from the proud approval of their loved ones, 
and all the dearer from the services that you have 
consciously rendered in their defence. 

S^ju^ech af 

OOL. ^ILLIfiJd ^. QlHOJ^jlB: 

Mr. Mayor : On behalf of the officers and men of 
the 192d Eegiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, I 
thank you, and through the citizens of Philadelphia, 
for this unexpected, kind, and cordial welcome 
extended to the companies forming my command. 
Your expressions of kindness, and the remarks, of 
approval you have made in reference to the Kegiment, 
have our thanks. We have, Mr. Mayor, endeavored 
to do our duty; we have done all that the United 
States Government required us to do ; we have gone 
wherever our Government ordered us to go ; we have 
discharged our duties, I believe, to the satisfaction of 
our superior officers; whatever was ordered we 
promptly and cheerfully performed, yet I feel that your 
remarks in complimenting us are not entirely well 
placed. We have, it is true, fulfilled oin* part of the 

192d regiment. 17^ 

contract with the Government of the United States, 
We have endured hardships and at times much peril, 
but still I feel that we have not yet fulfilled our whole 
duty to our country. I feel proud when I can say 
with truth that .the Regiment, the 192d Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, is composed of the best fighting material 
in the country. The citizens have reasons to feel 
proud of such gallant men, and I cannot help feeling 
some little disappointment that the fortunes of war did 
not cast us where we could have had an opportunity to 
have shared the glories of the battle-field of honor. I 
consider that we should not be here ; we should yet 
be in the field, bearing proudly aloft and rallying 
under the glorious old flag. [Cheers.] I took occa- 
sion to say this much previously to starting for home, 
and some little dissatisfaction was expressed because 
of misunderstanding. No reflection is cast upon the 
men of my command, for they have performed their 
whole duty nobly, bravely, ajid in many instances in 
great peril, but I do think that at a time like this 
there is no excuse for any man to leave the field. We 
should all be there now. So strong is this sentiment 
in my mind that I have already tendered my services to 
the Secretary of War, and the President, to do any field 
duty, in any position, at any time, in any place, wherever 
I may be ordered to go ; I have done this much cheer- 
fully. I am happy in being able to state that a por- 
tion of the Regiment are now ready to re-enlist in the 
service of the country, and had it not been that we 
were divided and ordered to duty in different parts, 
this feeling would have permeated through the entire 
ranks, and it would have been more general, at least 
seventy-five per cent. I do know that numbers are 
ready to enlist for a year or more, or while the con- 



flict lasts. But the Regiment is now simply enjoyirig 
a short furlough ; we are always ready to do our whole 
duty to our great country — sustain its glorious flag 
anywhere. It is the duty of every man to sustain his 
own and his country's honor. Treason still rears its 
head in the South, and I learn from newspapers that it 
has an existence still in the North, and the times are 
such that it does not become any man to leave his 
brethern in the field, but every nerve should be 
strained — we should stand shoulder to shoulder in this 
contest, as becomes men, not cowards. We have an 
interest in each other's welfare, and we can protect 
our homes and the lives of the people by giving a firm, 
unyielding support to the good old flag now in the 
hour of peril. It is with such feelings as these that 
I have re-enlisted my poor services in the country, 
and there are men in my command ready to do like- 
wise if the same opportunity be given them as has been 
extended to others. In conclusion, Mr. Mayor, allow 
me to renew an expression of thanks for the men of 
my command, and to bid you good-night. 

To the commissioned officers I desire to say a few 
words : we will, until further orders, have a dress 
parade twice a day. You will have the men of your 
respective commands at Broad and Green streets at 9 
o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Three cheers were now given for Col. Thomas, three 
more for Mayor Henry, and three for the old Stars 
and Stripes. 

192d regiment. 175 

Here we abandon our chronological record as no 
longer necessary or desirable. The Regiment appeared 
on parade every morning at Broad and Spring Garden 
streets, pursuant to the Orders of Col. Thomas. It 
is with pleasure that we close this Journal of an inter- 
esting, though brief campaign in the service of the 
country, with the report of an enthusiastic serenade 
given to Col. Thomas, at his residence, by his friends 
and neip;hbors, on the evcnino; of the 9th inst., who 
took this method to express their '^ welcome home" to 
one who so well deserves their high esteem. 


The members of the National Union Club and the 
Republican Invincibles, with the Jefferson Cornet Band 
and Douglass' Philadelphia Brigade Band, formed 
themselves into a procession at their head-quarters, 
and proceeded to the residence of Col. Wm. B. Thomas, 
of the 192d Regiment of the Pennsylvania line, and 
serenaded that gentleman. The Invincibles were 
dressed in their hats and capes, and carried their 
torches. The houses generally on both sides of Spring 
Garden street, between Thirteenth and Broad streets, 
were illuminated. As the proc(^ssion formed, or rather 


licaltecl, in front of the dwelling of Col. Thomas, the 
American flag was flung to the breeze, and the Jeff'er- 
son Cornet Band played the Star Spangled Banner. 

The Douglass Band now struck up the appropriate 
air of ^'Home Again," which was followed by a gallop 
and a polka. During this musical performance, the 
color-bearers advanced from the line and stationed 
themselves on the door-step, thus forming a patriotic 
tableau, in which Col. Thomas appeared. On pre- 
senting himself to the multitude, he was greeted with 
a storm of applause, and three cheers were given for 
the 192d Eegiment. 

A. Q. Cattell, Esq., addressed Col. Thomas in a 
patriotic speech of welcome, referring to the principles 
expressed by Col. T. years since, when it required nerve 
to stand forth nobly and publicly in defence of certain 
truths then unpopular because of ignorance, but now 
popular before the entire world. He alluded to the 
Colonel as a representative man ; the architect of his 
own fortune, whose patriotism and philanthropy for 
the proscribed race are remembered now with deep 
gratification in the hour of triumph. In the conclu- 
sion of his remarks, the speaker alluded to the victory 
at the ballot-box, that the loyal people of the United 
States from Maine to Vii^ginia, and from the Atlantic 
to the Pacific, have expressed themselves in a manner 

192d regiment. 177 

that cannot be misunderstood and dare not be disre- 
garded; and that voice is "No compromise with 
traitors in arms." [Cheers.] He sent this voice not 
only to the South, but to the North, and to the whole 
w^orld, that the people of this country intend to compel 
the rebels to lay down their arms, and that the rebel- 
lious section shall, by the blessing of God and loyal 
bayonets, be maintained in the Union. 

G. Inman Eiche, on behalf of the Kepublican 
Invincibles, also delivered a few remarks of welcome. 

Colonel Thomas, in acknowledging the compliment 
thus tendered him, said that he wished he possessed 
language sufficient to express the emotions of his heart, 
at the succession of evidences of the kind regard enter- 
tained for him since his return. He had been met 
at every turn, first by the Mayor of the city, next by 
old friends, and even those formerly political opponents, 
and he might say personal enemies, and now he beholds 
the welcome of thousands. These honors wx^re gratify- 
ing to him, and yet he was constrained to say he felt 
painfully impressed of his unworthiness, as he had not 
yet done all his work in the service of the country. 
He had only begun, and when the time shall have 
arrived that he had done his whole duty, then he 
would more freely feel the pleasure of such kindly 
greetings on the part of his fellow-citizens. The man 


who does not fall by the wayside — who continues in 
his duty to the end — who meets traitors in the field — 
who rallies round the good old flag- — who advances 
where treason has taken a bold stand — ^who stands up 
for his country until the end — that man is entitled to 
such honors, and worthy of all honors that could be 
bestowed upon him. 

Colonel Thomas now alluded to the officers and men 
of his command, who enlisted and expressed a most 
perfect willingness to go wherever the Government 
desires. They had met the guerrillas in conflict, had 
passed through scenes of peril and hardship, and never 
complained. They are the true type of the American 
soldier. They left all the comforts of domestic life and 
did their duty, such as their Government desired. 
The Colonel now alluded to the great victory at the 
ballot-box — its moral effect, the probable good that 
would result, and, after indulging in a dissertation on 
the issues of the day, the tottering of the rebellion 
because of disintegration in its ranks, he thanked his 
friends for the compliment of the serenade, and retired 
amid vociferous applause. A handsome collation was 
prepared at Spring Garden Hall, to which the party 
were invited. The whole affair was pleasant, patriotic, 
and decidedly agreeable. 

192d regiment. 179 

[The men were mustered into tlie service of the 
United States July 7th, 1864. They were discharged 
from the service November 15th, a period of one hun- 
dred and thirty-one days.] 

It may be asked, what necessity existed for the 
sending of the Regiment to Gallipolis, a post so little 
known in the annals of the war, when there were other 
points of more importance to defend, and nearer to 
the front. It is proposed to answer the question 
briefly, if it has not been already satisfactorily 
answered. This place, on the opening of the war, 
was an object of solicitude to the Government as a 
safe depository for supplies to our armies operating in 
Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee — a position that 
offered natural advantages for its defence in the event 
of assault. It w^as, in addition, accessible to steam- 
boats from Cincinnati, on the one side, and from 
Parkersburg, via the Baltimore and Ohio Eailroad on 
the other, with a land approach, by railroad on the 
rear from Columbus, via Portland. Its importance 
as a military post was recognized at an early stage of 
the rebellion by Gen. Simon Cameeon, the able and 
vigilant Secretary of War at that period. Situated 
on the borders of Ohio, Virginia, and Kentucky, and 
open to navigation to all of these States, and beyond ; 
and flanked, too, by the Great Kanawha river, which 
covers a valley containing unbounded and unsurpassed 


deposits of salt, coal, iron, and munitions of war gene- 
rally, all of them of incalculable necessity to the rebels, 
at once gave to this place vital importance, and it was 
firmly held from the commencement of the war to the 
present time, by a sufficient force of United States 
troops for any emergency that might occur. 

The Government store-houses erected here are of 
vast proportions, and they have, at various times, 
contained public property estimated in value at from 
five to seven millions of dollars. It could not be sup- 
posed, therefore, that a post of so much magnitude 
would escape the notice of the rebel forces. These 
were, and are still, constantly prowling around, seek- 
ing opportunities for its capture and destruction. A 
noted rebel leader, Gallatin Jenkins, a brother of 
the more notorious General now in the rebel service, 
organized a force of one thousand men, at a point 
some thirty miles below, for the purpose of destroying 
the Government stores and laying the town in ashes. 
This individual, discovering his movements anticipated 
by the War Department, and finding the place too 
well defended, abandoned his purpose and took his 
force to ISTorth Carolina. He was subsequently killed 
in an engagement at Newborn. He did not live to 
carry his threats into execution. It is still surrounded 
by strong bands of guerrillas, who avow their intention 
of burning the place. John Moegan passed his force 

192d regiment. 181 

of guerrillas into Ohio, ten miles above the town, con- 
templating in his programme its destruction; but 
finding it too well fortified he found it prudent to 
avoid a too near approach. The loyal citizens of the 
town joined the Government troops in the pursuit of 
Morgan, pursuing him with great vigor and captur- 
ing several of his men. 

Thus it will be seen at a glance, that great respon- 
sibility rested upon Col. Thomas wdiile in command 
of all the troops of the post and its vicinity ; at a 
time, too, when the bogus Government at Eichmond 
had decided upon, and prepared for, an invasion of 
the North, and of repossessing Kentucky, Missouri, 
Tennessee, and Maryland. In this grand advance 
was included the armed aid to be furnished by the 
Knights of America, having its centre in Indiana, a 
plot exposed and defeated at the time the Regiment 
was stationed at Johnson's Island. Breckinridge 
was ready for his advance into Kentucky ; Early 
was on the borders of Pennsylvania, and had burned 
Chambersburg ; Price was advancing into Missouri, 
and a new force was organizing for the invasion of 
Ohio under Morgan. All these efforts to transfer the 
horrors of war to our own doors, and to devastate 
Korthern homes, and sack the rich cities and towns 
of the free States, was frustrated and turned to grief 

by the armies of the Union under Grant, Sherman, 


Hooker, Sheridan, and other equally meritorious 
officers, who met the enemy on their chosen ground 
and repulsed them at all points. In repelling this 
vast yet desperate and visionary design of the rebel 
chiefs, the 192d Eegiment performed its humble yet 
efficient part; and while its field of allotted duty was 
comparatively obscure, in a remote but not unimpor- 
tant part of our military net-work, and although it 
was not engaged in any of the brilliant battles and 
victories which turned the rebel advance into stub- 
born and disastrous defeat, it may, nevertheless, be 
truly claimed that this Eegiment is entitled to some 
small share of the glory attending the great work 
which has been achieved. 




Lieut. Colonel, 


Senior Major, 


Junior Major, 




Quarter Master. 




First Ass't Surgeon, 

Second Ass't Surgeon, 

Sergeant Major, 


Quar. Mast. Sergeant, 


Drum Major, 


Com. Sergeant, 
Hospital Steward, 

192d regiment. 185 





Samuel Munyon. 


James E. Grace. 

First Sergeant — John Baedfeld. 
Second " Benjamin Gilbert. 

Third " Theodore Engle. 

Fo'urth '' Edwin Shock. 

Fifth " Abraham Nicholson. 

First Corporal. — John Wood. 


William K. Young. 


Nathan Way. 


Lewis Hulands. 


Charles Hewett. 


John S. Kern. 


Joseph Anderson. 


Augustus Lyons. 









C. Tyndale. 



Valentine Lewis. 

First Se, 


-G. T. Broadway. 



W. J. Bowling. 



Garrett Williams. 



Andrew Eedheffer. 



John Anderson. 

First Co 


—James Snow. 



George Holdsworth. 



John Thompson. 



John F. Blundin. 



Benj. H. Lytle. 



Henry C. Lwine. 



Lucius C. Pierson. 



J. Wallace Johnson. 

11>2d regiment. 187 



W I L L I A i\I COOK. 


William II. Martin. 


Samuel J. Geiffee. 

First Sergeant. — Joseph C. Knorr. 
Second " William Gardener. 

TUrd '' Eobert Guthrie. 

Fourth " .Edward G. Gardener, 

Fifth " Lafayette Chapell. 

First Corporal. — Edward M. Butclier. 


Walter Scott. 


Albert Robinson. 


John Burk. 


John Phillips. 


Edward Hawkins. 


William Palmer. 


George Lay ton. 




"ri »> 




William F. Fleming. 


Samuel Johnson. 

First Sei 


-Theodore T. Van Allen, 



George W. Hillery. 



Oliver Eoussell. 



William Hinke. 



Edward Engleman, 

First Corporal- 

-diaries H. Fest. 


Amos T. Clift. 


Charles P. Hickman. 


Thomas H. Hartman. 


Edward Ott. 


Eichard Nixon. 


George Branen. 


James Clyde. 

192d regiment. 



Ht? m 



Hunter Brooke. 




First Sergeayit- 

-Wm. J. D. McKee. 



Wm. H. Bailey. 



Thomas L. Mills. 



Henry C. Griesemer. 



George Gantt. 

First Corporal- 

— Jolm Bryson. 


John C. Cranston. 


John C. Eggleton. 


Wm. P. Worrell. 


George S. Ptoe. 


John 0. Myers. 


Samuel M. Carr, Jr. 


William Klingler. 






William Cunningham. 


James Beyson. 

First Sergeant, — George W. Dornan. 
Second '' WiUiam P. Deal. 

Third " Archibald Vansciver. 

Fourth '^ Joseph A. Seither. 

Fifth " WiUiam H. Hall. 

First Corporal. — Frank H. Eoberts. 


William P. Lawrence. 


Ephraim Dolly. 


George Hartman. 


Gustavus Greenhalgh, 


Eichard McCain. 


John Snyder. 


Morris Flager. 

192d regiment. 



<'ri » 




George Ehrgood. 



Jacob Hummell. 

First Se 


—Henry Foust. 



John M. Green. 



George Wilkner. 



David Skenn. 



James McGinnis. 

First Coiyoral- 

-William Palmer. 



Michael F. Dunn. 



Lewis Russell. 



William Gomely. 



Stephen Benley. 



James Heidenberg. 



Henry Devlin. 



Samuel Black. 






John F. Snyder. 


Martin Cunningham. 

First Sei 


—Samuel T. Luckenback, 



Eobert J. Morton. 



John MaxwelL 



Thomas E. Ingralim. 



William T. Grigg. 

First Corporcd- 

—George S. Smitli. 


Wmiam Butler. 


Erank Fullerton. 


Edward G. Bennett. 


John H. Dager. 


Charles H. Shankland. 


William Flinn. 


William H. Clark. 

192d regiment. 



iij M 




James K. Jimison. 


Stephen G. Chase. 

' First Sergeant. — James M. Smith. 
Second /' William C. Patterson. 

Third " John McFarren. 

Fourtli " William C. Blackwood. 

Fifth '' William T. Floyd. 

First Co'iyoval. — William Conldin. 


Joseph Hoffman. 


James M. Smith. 


Samuel Rutter. 


Henry Derr. 


John A. Davis. 


William H. Klasscnpat. 


William Eefeldt. 





<'tr M 


M. D. 

B L A N D . 




[LLiAM McCarthy. 




. F. Allex. 

First /S'e, 


—William B. Summers, 



William Idy. 



Frank Bernard. 


Henry Hollo wbusli. 


Joseph K. Lisk. 

First Co 





William B. Stout. 



David Emmett. 



ATiUiam H. Wilson. 



Edward Eveland. 


James Grey. 



Joseph Osborne. 



Philip Swartz. 

192d regiment. 195 





Samuel Sloax. 

Andrew T. AVier. 

First Sergeant. — Jesse Mills. 
Second '^ Charles T. Jones. 

Third " Henry Birkhead. 

Fourth '■ John McDermott. 

Fifth •' William McClenner 

First Corporal. — William Coates. 

Second " 

Jesse Pi. Chandler. 

Third '' 

Robert H. Ward. 

Fourth '' 

Michael Trember. 


George Snell. 


James McKnight. 

Seventh '' 

William Moore. 

Fighth " 

William H. Moore. 




A D A M E E F E D 


George C. Baeton. 


Albeet H. Mullen. 

First Sergeant. — John Dunbar. 

Second '' Charles Brooks. 

Third " C. Maguire. 

Fourth ^^ Jas. L. Eanken. 

Fifth '' David Thomas. 

First Corporcd. — Eichard Bloomer. 

Second " Albert J.- Schnackenberpj, 

Third '' Ephraim Gibson. 

Fourth " Michael Kelly.. 

Fifth " Charles Bateman. 

Sixth '' Mathias Garvey. 

Seventh ^^ Patrick Brady. 

'Fighth •'•' Charles Wallace. 


192d regiment. 197 





William II. Whitehead. 

Mathias Anderson. 

First Sergeant. — Walter Lackey. 
Second " James Moore. 

Third " Isaac W. Martin. 

Fourth " John Goheen. 

Fifih " Cadwalaclcr H. Brooke. 

First Corjjoral. — Barton D. Evans, 



Clayton Lobb. 



John W. White. 



Isaac Walker. 



Joseph W. Martin. 



Elisha G. Cloud. 



Jeremiah Griffiths. 



Matthew H. Eoberts, 


198 JOURNAL or THE 192d regiment. 





Isaac Cook. 


JoHx A. Geoff. 

First Sergeant - 

— Hiimplirey Bently. 



William H. Miles. 



Lewis B. Xicliols. 


Charles L. Wilson. 


James D. Stott. 

First Co: 


-William B. Pownell. 



Charles P. Mahn. 



Eichard M. J. Eeed. 



Joseph S. Young. 



William H. Wagoner, 


W. George Young. 



Francis Pv. S. Forrest 



Joseph Hughes. 


Some t<up})Ose that the present campaign, — com- 
prehending the combined operations of our armies and 
navies, as commenced in the spring of the year, and 
.carried forward vigorously during the entire summer, 
not halting or ceasing for a single hour up to this 
juojuent, will crush the military power of the rebellion 
and restore })eace. This supposition is well founded, 
for the reason that the campaign will never cease, 
through all seasons, over all obstacles, turning neither 
to the right nor to the left, until the last rebel shall 
liave lain down his arms or his corpse. This is there- 
fore, no idle speculation or vain prediction, as the 
result will show, and daily developing itself in the 
steady advance of our armies into the centre of the 
rebellion. It is a long campaign, — long for the expect- 
ant people, and still longer for the suffering, yet never- 
despairing soldier, but it will be the last ! The Con- 
federate States are divided and sub-divided, with 
armies separating the fragmonts, — too powerful for 
removal without the consent of the Commander-in- 
C'lui'S who placed them there. The rebel capital is 


isolated from all connections with the States of which 
it is the supposed head ; and city after city has been 
cut off from its communications with any part of the 
country surrounding them, and the space once claimed 
as constituting the rebel empire, within sight of Wash- 
ington, and extending over nearly two-thirds of the 
territory of the Union, has dwindled down to very 
narrow limits, — so small indeed, that no man can now 
see it. The little remaining strength it has is to be 
found in the genious of its leaders and Generals, who 
have resolved to exhaust all the resources of a once 
prosperous and wealthy people before yielding the 
contest. The time of exhaustion and dissolution is 
upon them. The ^' cradle and the grave" have been 
made to give up the last victims. Its whole power of 
men and money and material contained within and 
without, from willing and unwilling sources, is on the 
battle-field, constituting the flesh and blood, the body 
and the life of the Confederafe States, all of which are 
melting away and perishing before the irresistible 
advance of the grand armies of the Union. 

The roaming and murderous gangs of guerrillas 
scattered over all parts of the South, — some of whom 
sometimes steal into undefended frontier towns of the 
North, committing murder, arson and robbery, — can- 
not be taken into the account for the prolongation of 
the war on the part of the South. The partizan gangs 


of QuANTiiELL, MosEBY, Mageuder, — of the dead 
Morgan and Thurston, those too, who are engaged in 
attempting the firing of Northern cities — who concoct 
conspiracies in Canada, to capture defenceless steam- 
boats on the Northern hdvcs, and to murder their 
crews in cold blood. These desperadoes who prowl 
about Johnson's Island, Camp Chase and Gallipolis, 
.-eparate or in the aggregate, cannot and never have 
contributed the weight of a feather in the immovable 
balance upon the turning of wdiich hangs the fate of 
Southern, so-called, (God save the mark) Independence. 
These savage combinations are the parasites who have 
found sustenance and support from the rotten trunk 
of the Confederacy — keeping it in the dirt where it 
Avas born, and preventing it from piercing the sky to 
claim the applause of admiring men. x\lthough this 
rebellion has called into the field all the chivalry of 
the South, to throw oft" the yoke, as they say, of a 
tyrannical, oppressive plebeian government, they have 
Mien low in the scale of honor and exalted courage, 
such as is not found in the history of rebellions which 
have secured the sympathy of honorable men. "Where, 
in the whole South, have we yet seen any one of their 
heroes display the high-minded magnanimity, the 
courage and the dignity of a Tell? Can QuAN- 
TRELL, who has attacked a defenceless town in Kansas, 
burning houses, killing sleeping men and boys in their 


beds, deserve the higli merit Avliicli belongs to this 
hero of a darker and by-gone age ? Can Moseby 
idaim a shadow of the glory which attaches to the 
name of the obscure yet brave and gallant Jack Cade, 
who did not deign to rob the London nobilitv of their 
valuables when he had the greatest city of the world 
in his possession ? Can ever Stonewall Jackson, 
the pride and boast of the South, be ranked with 
IvossuTH, the rebel hero of Hungary, who would have 
spurned the honor as he wotild have the bribes of the 
Austrian tyrant, of commanding men who had violated 
the oTaves of Union soldiers, convertins; their skulls 
into drinking cups and their bones into trinkets for 
the ornamentation of his men ? Xever I Xapoleon 
had his pentirious, tyrannical keeper of his prison at 
St. Helena, who doled out to him his scant ration of 
coffee and some unpalatable wine, who has gained a 
notoriety of infamy in history, disgraceful to the whole 
British nation, while the aristocracy of the South have 
his counterpart in the still more hideous form of Gen. 
Winder, the keeper of the Richmond prisons, whose 
treatment of Union prisoners stands unparalelled for 
atrocity and cruelty in the history of the world. 
Stu^ly, this rebellion is of low degree, — the offspring 
of slavery, with not a single hero to redeem it from the 
loathing and contempt of all mankind. 

We ]ieed not recount the strength of the Xorth. in 


order to show the speedy downfall of the rebellion. 
He who rnns can see for himself, that our strength is 
not only unimpaired, but increased, and increasing. 
Facts and figures prove it beyond a doubt. Our sol- 
diers are numbered l)y thousands and millions. Our 
bonds command a premium such as no administration, 
even in times of piping peace can show. Our navy is 
the most costly, perfect, and extensive on the face of 
the sea, and our army the best paid, best fed, and best 
disciplined of any on record. It is too, a Volunteer 
army: patriots all, Christians inany, scholars, artists 
and capitalists, largely of men of thought and principle. 
\A"e have seen our Vice-President, Hannibal Hamlin, 
enrolling himself ah' a private soldier, and last, though 
not least, we have ourselves been led to the tented field 
by a citizen of the Quaker City, (himself a descendant 
of that peacefid trilje,) who laid aside high-ofi&ce and 
social station, to contribute his share to the common 
cause. Why have such men, asks another, deserted 
their callings, left their homes, stibmitted to the priva- 
tions of camp life, and exposed their lives on the battle- 
field ? What are they fighting for ? "Is tlierp not a 
cause?" as the young David exclaimed to his disdainful 
brethren, when they upbraided him with leaving his 
father's sheep in the wilderness, and thrtisting himself 
in the front of the enemv, bef<)r<> the o;iant foe. 




This book is 


under no circumstances to be 
en from the Building 



■H form 410