NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES
3 3433 08180065 2
A DAILY JOURNAL
192d REG'T PENM'A VOLUNTEERS
COL. WILLIAM B. THOMAS ^
SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES
ONE HUNDRED DAYS.
JOHN C. MYERS.
CRISSY & MARKLEY, PRINTERS, GOLDSmXHS HALL,
THr NLV/ YORK
I, LENOX AND
"Da Fragten ilin auch die Krlegsleute, und sprachen :
Was soUen den mir thim? Und er sprach zu ilinen ; Thut
niemand gewalt noch unrecht, und lasst eucli begnugen an
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1864, by
JOHN C. MYERS,
in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Eastern
District of Pennsylvania.
Having been in the military service under your command
in three separate Regiments, — that of 18G2, the 20th P. M.,
whicli promptly responded to the call of Gov. Curtix, for the
defence of the State and to repel the invader who had pos-
session of Chambersburg, and which Regiment was the first
to report at Harrisburg; that of 1863, the 20th again, which
took the field under the call of President Lincoln, guarding
the North Central Pennsylvania Railroad; also the fords of
the Susquehanna during Lee's advance into Pennsylvania,
and at the time of the battle of Gettysburg, following the
rebel retreat to Green Castle, when further pursuit was ended
by the escape of Lee's army across the Potomac; thatof 18G4,
the 192 Pennsylvania Volunteers, offered by you to the Sec-
retary of War for one hundred days, and by him accepted,
have given me full opportunity to estimate and appreciate
your character as an Officer, Soldier, and Patriot.
To you this Journal of the 192d Regiment is offered as an
humble tribute by
Philadelphia, Nov. 15, 18G4.
AVnEN the writer commenced penciling (for he cannot sa}'
writing) this Journal, he had no tliought of attempting its
publication, nor would he now present it to the public but for
the importunities of gentlemen who have at various times been
under the command of Col. Thomas in the several Eegiments
raised by him for the suppression of this most atrocious and
now tottering Rebellion. A desire to gratify them solely, and
with no intention whatever to claim credit as an author, did
he consent to place it in their hands. And, even now they
must overlook its imperfections, its style and omissions, — for
the Camp is not the place, nor the position of a private soldier
a good one, for the writing of an elaborate record, which to
be perfect, is the work of the practical scholar, who is not
disturbed by the frequent roll of the drum and the orders of
\nt ^unbrcir itntr flinctii-lcronb Stgtmtnt,
July 7. It having been spread abroad that CoL
William B. Thomas was again in the field for the
purpose of re-organizing the old 20th Regiment of
Volunteers for one hundred days service, it required
but little time for such of the old members who
desired to go, to present themselves to the proper
officers for enrollment. To-day large numbers' of men
assembled in the Custom House and on the steps of
the building awaiting their turn for enlisting. Among
the throng the writer happened to mingle, and he was
happy to find the good feeling and enthusiasm which
existed on the part of all, — old and new, to fill up the
Regiment. Adding to the general excitement, were
8 JOURNAL OF THE
reports from the front that Gen. Geant needed men, —
that Gen. Sherman was in the same predicament, and
that 40,000 rebels under Eaely were in the Shenan-
doah valley, ready to march into Pennsylvania. Capt.
McClintock, Capt. Snyder, Capt. Erford and a host
of officers of lower grade were present, eagerly gob-
bling up the men for their respective companies. The
men were anxious to know before signing the papers,
whether Col. Thomas would again take the command,
and on being assured that he had tendered his resig-
nation as Collector of the Port in the event of not being
allowed to go by the Secretary of War, they at once
signed the roll and were sworn. During the after-
noon, hundreds of men, good and true, were enrolled.
July 8. The upward movement continued with
increased vigor all day. The pressure Avas so great
that the business of the Custom House was in danger of
interruption. The hum of many voices echoed through
the building, to the no small confusion of persons
employed in the hitherto quiet nooks and corners of the
marble pile; and it soon became evident that some
more suitable place for military purposes would have
to be chosen. A large squad of men were sworn into
the service on the steps fronting Library street. Notice
was given that future operations for the Eegiment
would take place at 533 Chestnut street, new Head
192d reciment. 9
July 9. The doors of the new Head Quarters were
open at an early hour. Eecruits came pouring in fast
and thick, and the enrolling officers were very busy
tilling up the blanks, description-lists, &c., while others
busied themselves in boring and planning for stripes
and straps. At one time there were as many expect-
ants as men : all were ready to wear shoulder-straps
or to wield swords of whatever size, which they im-
agined would be found lying loosely about awaiting
somebody to take them. But, swords and straps were
not to be so easily gained, nor so plenty as they were
led to suppose, and many who thought themselves fit
for Generals, came down to Lieutenants, Sergeants,
Corporals and Privates. The descent was an easy one,
for the men were more ambitious to serve their country
in this her hour of peril and trial than they were for
position, and there was no dissatisfaction whatever,
either expressed or concealed. A large number of men
were enrolled to-day, and all things wore a pleasant
and encouraging aspect.
July 10. Sunday.
July 11. To-day the rooms of Head Quarters were
thronged. It was a difficult task to elbow one's way
through the talking, eager, and enthusiastic mass. A
band of music swelled the air with Hail Columbia and
the Star-Spangled Banner, and amidst all, the oath
of fidelity to the cause of the Union was administered,
10 JOURNAL OF THE
forming a scene whicli would have tasked the pencil
of a Hogarth and defied the ability of the most expert
newspaper reporter to describe. It was a spectacle
for the eye, — one not for the pencil or pen to depict.
July 12. Ofiicers greatly on the increase. Some
of these made their appearance for the first time to-day
in uniform. They were cordially received. On looking
at many of them it did not require long to perceive
that they had already been in the service, and novices
in the art of war exhibited a gratifying readiness to
enjoy the benefit of their previous experience upon the
tented field. The several companies rapidly filling up
the required number. Good work was done to-day.
The Quarters were again changed to the open space
west of Camp Cadwalader, opposite the Odd Fellows'
Cemetery, and tents for one thousand men sprung into
shape as if by magic. A considerable number of fine
men joined the Eegiment ; some who had been in the
three years service, and others for less periods. These
were valuable acquisitions. The reports of a contem-
plated invasion of the State brought them forward
once more to the defence of home and country. A
number of companies were mustered into the service.
July 13. Applicants for admission into the ranks
are still coming forward. A considerable number of
youths still in their tender teens, took the war infection
and presented themselves for enrollment. Some of
192d regiment. 11
them, too juvenile in appearance for the age at which
they represented themselves, were rejected, and others
more lucky, — overgrown boys, of larger development
of bone and muscle, though not of the required age,
were accepted. It was hard to discriminate, and the
examining Surgeon had no time to consult family-
records to ascertain whether all that the boys asserted
on the point of age was gospel truth, and indeed, no
harm was done by their dodging a hard knot, for these
young patriots had the consent of parents to go with
Col. Thomas, without which none of them were
July 14. The enlisted men were no longer in their
workshops or attending to their regular occupations.
Situations paying them from twelve to twenty dollars
per week were given up without regret. It is gratify-
ing to state that the employers without an exception,
kept their places open for them on their return, and
in hundreds of instances, continued their wages or
salaries during their absence. This is a grand feature
of the war. It is an enduring monument of loyalty
and generosity; it is appreciated too, by those who
go to the front to put down this most infamous and
despicable attempt to destroy the best government on
the face of the earth since the creation of man. As
long as such a feeling exists, and it will exist wherever
man is free^ this Union and this nation, as one people
12 JOURNAL OF THE
under one flag and a common destiny can never be
destroyed, either by a foreign foe or traitor blows.
July 15. This afternoon the tents were struck and
the several companies marched into Camp Cadwalader,
taking quarters for the nonce in the barracks. Six
companies, with their officers, were mustered into the
service of the United States for one hundred days. —
Rations furnished and the discipline of the camp en-
July 16. Several additional companies entered the
service. Tents were raised on the open space east of
the frame barracks, which were too hot and confined
to hold with comfort so many men. Men detailed
from each company for guard duty in camp and eke-
July 17. Sunday. Plenty of visitors in Camp.
Soldiers not permitted to leave quarters without a
pass. The restraint rather irksome; but all hands
submit with good grace, as forming part of the agree-
ment made with the government.
July 18. An entire company presented itself from
Kennett Square, Chester County. It is one of the best
companies in the service, and commanded by faithful,
high-minded and gentlemanly officers. Part of another
Regiment entered the grounds, and encamped east of
the Twentieth. Considerable population now on the
premises; all in the best humor, and waiting patiently
192d regiment. 13
for the order to move to the front. General desire to
join Gen. Sheridan's forces. Regiment full. Arms
and accoutrements furnished to the men. The long
lines of men to the Cooking house, to obtain their
rations of beef, bacon, bread, soup, and coffee, have
attained enormous proportions. To get the supply
each one is entitled to receive, is a work of time and
patience. Rations are given to every man wearing
the uniform of the United States. This depart-
ment is under the Superintendence of Corporal
John Neville, of the 91st Pa. Reg't. He is an
efficient and worthy officer, who has to feed to-day
4200 soldiers, morning noon and evening. His task
is one of no ordinary magnitude, exposing him, too,
to all sorts of acrimonious criticism from men having
all sorts of tastes to gratify, which cannot be done
with the plain and wholesome fare offered by Uncle
Sam's vast hotel. He Hstens to their complaints and
imprecations very complacently, and never stops stuff-
ing them with good substantial food. His guests too,
when in line often become unruly and show belligerant
qualities, such as he thinks are only intended for the
rebels, when he steps into the melee and at once settles
all further dispute. He is just the right man in the
July 19. Dress parade this afternoon. Col. Thomas
in command. Himself and Regimental officers sworn
14 JOURNAL OF TUE
into tlie service to-day. Eleven companies fully organ-
ized and all of them on a war footing.
July 20. Guards doubled and pickets posted out-
side the enclosure. Several men escape and are fired
upon and missed. Applications for passes to the city
refused. Patrols sent to the city to catch up stragglers.
Bounty jumpers about, belonging to other Regiments.
Several alleged men of this class caught and placed in
the guard house. A large number of visitors present
at dress parade.
July 21. All the necessary arrangements completed
for a change of base. Camp very much crowded,
and heat of the weather enormous. The dust has also
become a serious annoyance; visitors fill the company
streets and crowd into the tents, which have no ven-
tilation and are heated almost to suffocation. Two-
thirds of our warm friends are ladies, many of them
mothers looking after their jewels, who are happy as
larks and as pretty in their new uniform. It is easy
to discover that some of the fair creatures are sweet-
hearts in search of their soldier beaux, and some too,
are sisters, looking for brothers, bringing some little
comforts that had in the hurry to get away been left
lying on the table or forgotten. The dress parade this
afternoon was a creditable performance and was
beheld by a large and delighted audience.
July 22. The Bounty Committee presented itself in
102d regIxMent. 15
camp this afternoon. The Chairman had under his
arm a chest containing greenbacks sufficient in amount
for each man to have $50. Companies formed and
marched to Head Quarters, where as his name is called,
that sum is paid to every enlisted man. Prof. Saunders
is present and addresses quaint and pointed remarks
to the men as he passes along the lines in reference to
the proper care of their money — advises them not to
expend it foolishly, nor to invest any of it in whiskey ;
his remarks arc well received. Orders given for the
marching of the Eegiment to-morrow. Some suppose
to Richmond ; others are certain it is to Atlanta.
July 23. Left Camp Cadwalader at 10 A. M. and
marched to the Custom House, Chestnut Street, where
the Eegiment was received by thousands of citizens
who had assembled for the purpose. Prof. Saunders
of the Bounty Fund Committee addressd Col. Thomas
in an able and eloquent speech, complimenting the Reg-
iment as the largest ever mustered in the city, with
the single exception of Col. Baker's California Regi-
ment. The address was briefly and appropriately re-
sponded to by Col. Thomas. Then countermarched
up Chestnut to Sixth, down Sixth to the Cooper Shop
Refreshment Saloons, where bountiful preparations had
been made for the Pvegiment. The command then pro-
ceeded up Washington street to Broad and Prime,
where a train of cars was in waiting to convey the Regi-
16 JOURNAL OF THE
ment to Baltimore ; the weather being very pleasant
the passage to that city was quite an agreeable change
from the monotony of life in camp to the free open air
of a ride on the railroad in cattle cars.
Sunday, July 24. Eeached Baltimore at 4 A. M.,
somewhat cramped by the closely packed cars. Marched
to the Provost Marshal's office where we remained,
arms stacked in the street, until eight o'clock, when
the Eefreshment Saloon opened its doors and soon the
large building was filled with joyful faces. The Eegi-
ment partook of an excellent breakfast, for which quite
an appetite had been created by the long ride on the
railroad. At ten o'clock the command was reformed,
took the line of march for Camp Mankin, some five
miles North-east of the city. A pretty woods was
selected for camping, some distance from other regi-
ments who were in the vicinity. Here we pitched
tents, cleared off the under brush, removed rock and
stumps of trees, and in a short time everything was gay
and complete. Camp guards were posted and we
retired to rest worn down by the hard day's work. A
refreshing rain during the night cooled the atmosphere
and filled the brooks which had but little water in
them before the rain.
July 25. Continued the work of improving the
camp ; fixed the tents and trenches to keep out the
water. All hands busy — not an idle man to be seenj
192d rkgiment. 17
very fine showers during the forenoon. The country
surrounding camp is very pretty, but every foot of it
exhibits the blighting and destructive presence of the
defunct ''pecuHar institution." Barren fields are every
where visible — scarcely a garden patch has sufiicient
growth in it to feed an ordinary grasshopper. The
soil is worn out, having been planted for years without
manure ; even the cattle seem half starved, and these
are of the poorest stock. Agriculture is in its most
primitive state. The ploughing is very slight pene-
trating but few inches below the surface. The natural
result of this is that the crops are scarcely worth har-
vesting. There is not a barn or stable ; nothing but
dilapidated frame and log houses or cabins for human
liabitations, to be seen for miles, and the wonder is
that in these enlightened days of the nineteenth cen-
tury so little has penetrated into the most favorable
regions of slavery. Taps sounded at an early hour
and retired according to order, thanking God that this
land and this people was soon to be rescued from the
misery and darkness which has rested upon them for
a century of white and black bondage, and that free-
dom, light and civilization would soon dawn upon them
and their posterity.
July 26. Clear weather and cooling winds. Lively
times in camp. Eations good and plenty. Pie women
have possession of the camp. Pies in great demand,
18 JOURNAL OF THE
at high prices. Good bread thrown away^ and miser-
able things called apple and blackberry pies substi-
tuted. Scouted through the woods for bathing ground.
Found a clear brook two miles from camp. A sut-
ler is granted permission to open store in our lines.
Pitches an immense tent, w^hich is soon filled with
boxes, barrels and other packages. Ale can be had
for 10 cents a glass, a common claret wine §1.50 per
bottle, and other commodities at comparatively cheap
prices. Having finished work the boys are resting
and looking for something to do to-morrow. The guns
and accoutrements have been cleaned and brushed up
ready for any emergency that may arise. Col. Thomas
and his officers are everywhere present, to have the
order of aff'airs regular and in proper trim.
July 27. The camp was rather noisy. Too much
strychnine or twine, as it is called, about. Some of
our men have scouted over the country for many miles,
bringing in chickens, butter, eggs, and a variety of
other country produce. Judging from present indica-
tions, some persons in full feather and cutting a wide
swathe, will have to come down a peg or two before
the campaign is over. Guards have been stationed
around neighboring farm houses, to prevent depreda-
tions upon gardens and pantries, which are not consid-
ered altogether safe by their owners. These violations
of order are discountenanced by the more reflecting
ll>2l) RE(UMENT. Ill
members of the Regiment, and it is hoped that they
will be soon discontinued. Gen. Lockwood, of the Reg-
ular army appeared this afternoon on battalion drill ;
our Colonel invited him to take command of the Regi-
ment, when he dismounted and at once commenced
operations. The movements ordered by the General
were promptly executed and at the conclusion of the
drill, he expressed himself highly pleased with the good
conduct of the men.
July 28. Stringent orders for the regulation of the
Camp, have been issued by the Colonel, prohibiting
any one leaving quarters without permission from the
proper officer. The pie women, who had become an
insufferable nuisance have been banished, and none
are permitted to approach our lines. Last night some
persons unknown crept into the Sutler's tent and
handed out of it several cases of claret wine, which
ought to teach that gentleman not to bring such stuff
within reach of those who are not scrupulous as to
what they drink, nor in Avhat way they get it. The
weather is exceedingly warm and disagreeable. Smoke
and dust everywhere abounds.
Orders were read from Head Quarters requiring
the Regiment to be ready for field service at one hour's
notice. This may be due to the visit of Gen. Lock-
wood yesterday, who formed a very high opinion of
the discipline and vim of the men. Each man is to
20 JOURNAL OF THE
be supplied with sixty ronnds of ammunition and
rations for five days. A pioneer corps is to be organ-
ized immediately of one man from each company, with
entrenching toolS; to be carried on mules, in paniers.
This is the first indication of real work that has yet
come forth, and is greatly relished by every man in
camp. Went to the city on a pass. Found the ofii-
cers of the Central Eailroad in session at the station,
discussing the chances of another raid on their road.
They decided to remove the extra trains, engines, &c.,
to Harrisburg. Rebels active in the Shenandoah val-
ley under M'Causland, and marching into Pennsyl-
vania. Expect to be sent in the direction of the State
and all looking for the mules to come every moment.
The population in the city of Baltimore is not loyal.
Joy is seen in the countenances of the secesh. These
are dying for the want of rebels to seize the city, and
are praying for them to come. They would rise at
any moment to plunder and murder Union citizens
were they certain of sufiicient rebel force from Lee to
hold the city. The conduct of certain members in com-
panies E. K. and M. after night was very disgraceful.
Missiles were thrown at the tents in the dark for many
hours. The writer was struck several times and
others were more or less hurt. The rations served
out to all the companies are of the utmost abundance
in quality and quantity.
192d begtment. 21
July 29. Drought all over the country — blazing-
heat all around, no ice water to cool our parching
tongues. Water in the wells hard to get — that in
the creeks unfit to drink, being almost warm enough
to boil an egg.^ It was too hot for military training.
There was however, company drill and dress parade.
The Colonel expressed a desire to enlarge the privileges
of the camp provided there were no violations of dis-
cipline and good order. It is not his purpose to im-
pose unnecessary restrictions upon the men, and they
can by good conduct at any moment remove those
which necessity compelled him to impose. A Eegi-
ment of 100 days men, encamped in our rear left for
the front at 10 o'clock, P. M., We expect to go next
— if not, we shall be disappointed. Great cheering
was given by the departing regiment, which continued
until the sound died in the distance. A E,emment
from Massachusetts, one thousand strong, emerged
from the woods in rear of our camp this afternoon and
commenced battalion movements, all of which were
handsomely executed. It is the best drilled Eegiment
yet seen and will compare favorably with our own.
Our Eegiment can and has performed the same move-
ments and is still improving at every drill. Some of
our Captains are somewhat deficient and the sooner
they brighten up the better. The boys arrested a man
this afternoon in the vicinity of the camp, and brought
22 JOURNAL OF THE
him to the Ooloners tent. He wore grey clothes, had
on a suspicious slouched hat and rode a fast horse, a
better horse than the boys thought the man had a
right to ride. The boys who made the arrest were
much chagrined when informed that the supposed spy
was a neighboring farmer riding about in search of
July 30. Dry weather still continues. One idle
day in camp is nearly as bad as a battle, as idleness
is the devil's workshop. For the want of something
else to do, a plan was concocted ^Ho go through the
Sutler," again some time at night. After dark a loud
yell was heard about his tent, and it soon became
known that the Sutler had out-flanked his enemies.
A strong guard was stationed to protect his property
and none was taken. The justification given for this
attempt to tear him out, is that his prices are exorbi-
tant and unreasonable. It seems to have been forgot-
ten that the Government supplies in great abundance,
sufficient for a man in good health, such wdiolesome
food as excellent bacon, fresh beef, bread, (hard and
soft,) rice, beans, and coffee, and what has the Sutler
better than these?
Sunday, July 31. No change in the weather; the
heat oppressive, causing much suffering and reducing
our water supply. The creek in rear of camp is nearly
dry, having but few pools that contain over an inch of
192d regiment. 23
Avater. We are still waiting patiently for the pioneer
mules carrying paniers. The boys are ready for the
work whenever ordered.
This afternoon surprise was caused by the reception
of an order to march at 8 o'clock to-morrow morning
for Fort McHenry. It is currently reported that the
outfit for service in the field is to be furnished there,
and the whole Eegiment is greatly elated with the fine
l)rospect before it. The Colonel says nothing, nor do
any of his ofiicers. The men do their own conjecturing,
and are always ready to exercise the Yankee's priv-
ilege of guessing at what is to be done. During the
morning, religious services were held in Camp, con-
ducted by our Chaplain, ex-officio, Mr. Hutchinson,
a student of divinity, who performs the part of soldier,
preacher, actor and teacher with equal ability. Mr.
HucKLE, an old and valued friend of Company E, paid
us a visit from Philadelphia. He was warmly received
and quartered with the Company officers during his
brief stay. The rebel invasion into Pennsylvania
causes a great deal of uneasiness in camp. They
cannot see why ordered into a Fort almost within the
border of our State, but where wc can be of no service.
It is our intention to repel the enemy wherever found,
but the propriety of the thing is not so apparent that
while the destroyer is doing his work in our own "State,
wo shouM be defending a secesh city. We ought to
24 JOURNAL OF THE
serve our friends first, afterwards strangers, who are
not our friends. But, we obey orders, without a why
or wherefore, whatever private opinion may be.
August 1. A new month, and we hope too, for new
things. Got an early breakfast, and a capital one it
was. After breakfast, struck tents and packed knap-
sacks for Fort McHenry. Eetired from Camp Mankin
at 10 A. M., and marched to Baltimore under a scorch-
ing sun and amid sufibcating clouds of dust. Marched
around the Battle-Monument, each Company as it
neared the monument, singing the Star-Spangled Ban-
ner, and at the conclusion of each stanza, cheering,
that struck terror into the hearts of the skulking
traitors of Baltimore. Pleached the Fort at 12 M.,
pretty well fatigued. Found the 7th Ohio National
Guard of Cincinnati, in possession of the Fort, who
soon vacated quarters, formed in line on the parade-
ground, and in a few moments they filed past our
extensive line and went their way rejoicing for Ohio.
Our guards were immediately detailed and posted.
We were placed in very comfortable quarters, in tents
and frame houses, on the water side of the fort, front-
ing the city. There are some five hundred rebel pris-
oners confined here, among them are a few political
prisoners. They are strictly guarded, yet ever and
anon, some expert traitor manages to escape, in one
way or another. The grounds of the fort are some
192d regiment. 25
twenty acres in area; the fort facing south, on the
junction of the two rivers. The grounds are in bad
condition, showing an utter neglect as to drainage or
proper construction. There is a great deal of filth
around the cooking houses, which ought not to exist
in any well-regulated fort. On the western side of
the fort is located a small burial place, containing over
a hundred new graves, — soldiers w^ho died in the ser-
vice since 1862. Each grave has a neat wooden head-
board, giving the name, age, regiment, and company
of the deceased. Our Colonel has declined taking up
his quarters in the interior of the fort, containing neat
and well furnished houses for officers, and has pitched
his tent on the extreme southern end of the land,
within a few feet of the water- wall. Half the Eegi-
ment have also pitched their tents here, and are more
comfortable than those in the frame cabins, where
August 2. The regular routine of garrison duty
occupied the attention of the officers and men all day.
Towards evening there was a slight sprinkling of rain,
a matter as important to a soldier confined within
narrow limits as rations. The rain compensated for
half rations which were supplied to-day. Many of the
boys rigged up fishing-tackle for crab catching, and
with very rude instruments, many haversacks were
filled with this excellent shell-fish. Thev can be
26 JOURNAL OF THE
causrht in abundance off the water battery, and from
the boat-landing extending some distance in the river.
Garrison duty rigidly enforced. Incompetent men
removed from post to give place to others better
qualified. All will be taught in due process of time.
The following is the order of business for the govern-
ment of the garrison : —
First call for Reveille at early dawn ; Pteveille 15
minutes after first call ; Fatigue 15 minutes after
Reveille ; Recall 15 minutes after Fatigue ; Breakfast,
6 A. M.; Surgeon's call, 6J; Guard mounting, 7J;
Artillery drill, 9 ; Recall, lOJ ; 1st Sergeant's call, 12 ;
Dinner, V2\ M.; Fatigue, IJ P. M.; Recall, 2; In-
fantry drill, 3 ; Recall, 4J ; Dress Parade, three-quar-
ters of an hour before sun down ; First call for Tattoo,
9 o'clock ; Tattoo 9-15 ; Taps, 9-30 ; Sunday morning
inspection, 7 J A. M. ; Church call 11 o'clock.
The prisoners are not allowed to leave their quarters.
These quarters are two commodious brick buildings,
well ventilated and furnished with such comforts as
the prisoners can procure. They are supplied with
the regular army rations. A number of prisoners,
such as deserters and bounty-jumpers employed daily
at sweeping the streets, policing camp, and pumping
water for the garrison, all under the supervision of the
August 3. The day passed quietly. The heat was
192d regiment. 27
imabated in intonRity until towards evcnincr, when a
cool river wind set in, much to the relief of all There
is no shelter but that afforded by the tents. The
garrison band for the first time, passed along the
Eegimental line at dress parade. Officers were re-
quested to provide themselves with white gloves and
dress uniform. The boys during the day, amused
themselves catching crabs and fish, and he was a poor
fisherman who failed getting his haversack full. Ee-
ligious services held in the chapel this evening; the
Eegiment furnishing preacher, choir and congregation.
August 4. This day set apart by Congress for
fasting and prayer, no military duty required, with
the exception of guard mounting. The regular chaplain
of the fort preached morning and evening. Services
well attended. Some of the boys, however, fastened
upon the crabs and preyed upon them to their entire
satisfaction. A number of excursion parties from the
city passed the^ort. They did not display the American
flag. There is still opposition to the Government in
the city which is only restrained by the military power,
and it would break out in open violence at any favorable
moment. The retreat of M'Causland from Chambers-
burg, after he had burned the town, has somewhat
damped their ardor, — they expected him to capture
Baltimore and proclaim it part of Jeff"s domain. They
will never live to see this accomplished, should their
28 JOURNAL OF THE
worthless lives be spared ten tliousand years. Officers
and men are not permitted to enter the city except
on business of an official character.
August 5. Orders to-day changed the number of
the Regiment from the 20th to the 192d Pennsylvania
Volunteers, 8th Army Corps, under command of Gen.
Lew. Wallace. A very large number of orders from
General Head Quarters were read at dress parade.
Among them one dismissing a Lieutenant of the Ohio
regiment which we relieved, for drunkenness ; also con-
venino; a court-martial for the trial of offenders in our
own Regiment; also, four or five orders in reference
to the government of the camp ; one prohibiting officers
and men from loafing on the battlements of the fort,
and forbidding soldiers appearing beyond their quarters
in shirt-sleeves. Five rebel prisoners escaped from the
Hospital last night and are at large. There is some-
thing rotten in Denmark as to this escape, and the
matter ought to be investigated. •
August 6. Happened to be one of the guard on
duty in the interior of the Fort for 24 hours, on first
relief. Brig. General W. W. Moeris officer in com-
mand, holding one of the oldest commissions now in ser-
vice, cannot easily be outranked by any modern Gene-
i-al who may come along. This veteran of many battles
entered his office in the interior of the fort at 9 o'clock
A. M. The General was saluted in passing with the
192d regiment. 29
usual honors of the guard ; ho acknowledged the palu-
tation, removing his hat stiffly, until he had passed
the guard. He is a man far advanced in years, not
less than seventy years of age, tall and commanding,
in appearance still, although time has slightly bowed
his stalwart frame. He is a military man all over and
will remain so until the last taps summon him to ano-
ther sphere. A devoted Union man or he would not
be here. His largest rifled guns and villianous look-
ing cohorns are pointed towards the city, where he
placed them when Marshal Kane ruled in Baltimore.
The interior of the fort is oval, having but one entrance,
called the sally-port ; this space in area is about one
hundred feet by eighty, surrounded by battlements
bearing upon all points. Each division contains a bat-
tery of from five to twenty heavy guns, some of them
rifled pieces, with mortars and cohorns planted at in-
tervals. Many of the heaviest, facing the city. Happily
the citizens of Baltimore returned to their allegiance
and to their senses in time to save themselves from
experiencing the dreadful consequences of their trea-
son, although a large number of them are still disloyal.
The interior barracks are well constructed, two storied
brick, well lighted and good ventilation. There is
room for 400 men. A well supplies water of good
quality for the entire fort. The water is pumped into
a tank, and the pump is worked with levers requiring
30 joiRXAi. «>F Tin:
from six to eight men. This pumping is done by deser-
ters and bounty jumpers, and soldiers sentenced by
Court-MartiaL They are obliged to pump from early
dawn to taps, without ceasing, as a vast quantity of
water is needed for camp use and it is used ad lihitmn.
Free access to the pumps and hydrants is had by all
needing water, which is the only freedom allowed on
In one of the neat little brick buildings, on the right
of the sally-port, is the residence of a State prisoner, a
Mr. Walter Lexnox, ex-Mayor of Washington City,
confined here by an order of the Secretary of War,
since the 3d of July, 1863. His crime consisted in vio-
lating his oath of allegiance, and his imprisonment is
to continue until the rebellion is crushed. Lennox is
allowed the privilege of walking the yard ; in all other
respects he is closely guarded. The prisoner is said
to be in possession of considerable wealth ; but what is
wealth, social position, and high ofiice to a man who is a
traitor to his country ? What were Arnold's great vic-
tories over the British to him after he had attempted
to betray his post at West Point into the hands of
the foe ? And to such a man as Lennox, his position
now compared with what it was, before he raised his
hands against his country that made him what he was,
is a melancholy one indeed. Confinement or the gnaw-
mg of a guilty conscience have evidently undermined
r.>i!i) llKdlMKNT. :»1
hi.s health, for apparently, he Avas once a vigorous and
healthy man. He is about sixty years of age, tall and
well built, with a downcast look, as though his trea-
son was burning him to the core. His mind too, is
said to be giving way, which is the worst incident of
his great crime. Surely the way of the transgressor
is hard. Let his fate be a warning and a lesson to
traitors for all time to come. In the adjoining cells
are other prisoners — soldiers, offenders against the laws
and discipline of the army. One of them, confined in
a dark dungeon for running the guard to get into the
city, his third or fourth offence, is worthy of a passing
notice. He is a young man, of prepossessing appear-
ance, fine eye and countenance, and of more than com-
mon intelligence. He is too, an accomplished flutist,
giving us some splendid specimens of music on that
instrument. He also acknowledges the justice of his
punishment and is very desirous for its termination,
and to be restored to duty.
Sunday, August 7. Late breakfast, owing to the
absence of the bread ration. No fatigue duty to-day,
and camp very quiet. The services in the Cha])el
were attended by a respectable congregation, and the
choir was led by oiir p()[)u]ar Surgoon, Dr. KiUK.
Our preacher delivered a very clever sermon. This
gentleman broke down on the march from Baltimore
to Mankin's Park ; and he has since performed but
32 JOURNAL OF THE
little military duty. He is however, making liimself
useful in other respects, taking in hand the boys of the
drum corps, who need training other than that given
on the drum head by Major Tayloe, our worthy Chief
drummer. Our preacher too, talks to the boys of
larger growth, but upon these he has as yet made but
August 8. A very hot day and the tents too hot
to live in them. Find relief along shore where some
little current of fresh air can be found ; Lieut. Valen-
tine Lewis, an officer well qualified for the post, was
to-day appointed by Gen. Morris, Assistant Provost
Marshal of the Fort. At 6 o'clock P. M. the whole
Eegiment was marched into the ramparts of the fort,
and the space accommodated all when in position in
the rear of the guns. After glancing at these monster
shooting irons for some ten minutes, and wondering
all the time as to the object of the movement, the whole
body upon the command to '^about face" retreated from
the fort and then dismissed. The movement was sug-
gestive of the lines of Hudibras :
"The King of France, with thirty thousand men
Marched up a hill and then marched down again."
The officer of the day, Capt. McQuaid, for a breach
of discipline in reference to ^^ twine,'' "^ was arrested,
admonished, and restored.
*Twine is the name given to intoxicating liquors smuggled
192d regiment. 33
August 9. The Eegimeiit was called up at 5 o'clock,
A. M., at first call for Eeveillo, and marched into the
exterior of the fort, facing the batteries. A Lieutenant
detailed for the purpose by the War Department, soon
presented himself, and at once took charge of the men.
He stationed the men in squads, the number required
for the handling of each gun, some forty pieces. Each
gun required a Sergeant or Corporal, and five men.
They counted off — 1, 2, 3, 4, Gunner, — two on each
side of the piece, and the gunner at the centre of the
breach. The exercise was deeply interesting, and
delighted the men beyond measure. The officer was
stationed on top of the nearest rear rampart, which
gave him a view of each man and his movements,
while his commands were given in a pleasant, yet firm,
distinct tone of voice. His explanations and instruc-
tions were easily understood, and obeyed quickly by
the students in this to them new branch of the service.
Cols. Thomas and Taylor were present, overlooking
the performance. It was something more earnest than
the view taken of the position of things last evening.
Two hours were devoted to the drill. At 6 P. M., the
Regiment was again marched into the ramparts. The
officer arranged his men as previously, counting off
enough for seventeen pieces, and, having completed the
work, he took charge of the officers, and to their sur-
prise and the amusement of the privates, placed them
34 JOURNAL OF THE
in charge of the guns, requesting them to point out to
the men the several parts of the gun as he successively-
named them. Here is where the laugh came in, but
it was a moderate, sensible laugh. But few could point
out the part of the piece indicated by the Lieutenant;
but, before he had concluded, the whole gun was fully
explained in all its parts, and the whole party was as
well posted as though artillery had been their special
Auo'ust 10. A funeral and a death in the fort to-dav.
Second funeral since our arrival here. The deceased
soldier belonged to the regular army, and died of dis-
ease contracted in the service. The soldier who died
to-day was also a regular. His death was caused by
coup dsoliel. The usual duties of the fort were alone
performed. There Avas no further artillery practice.
The Lieutenant in command expressed himself in high
terms of praise of the good conduct of the men ; that
they had done better than others equally as inexpe-
rienced, and regretted that they could no longer con-
tinue the practice so well begun. It was unofficially
stated this evening that the Eegiment would retire
from Fort McHenry to a post westward. Johnson's
Island, Ohio, was indicated as our probable destination.
During the time of our stay here, the whole command
w^as fully employed. There was no shirking or reluct-
ance to do duty, but all were promptly ready when
102d regiment. 35
ordered. In the midst of the heavy pressure upon all,
the men still found time for amusement and improve-
ment. Spare hours in the evening were often passed
in singing patriotic and other songs, and it would be
an act of injustice not to place some of them on record,
so that when the war is over, somebody can sing them,
who would probably otherwise not be aware of their
having been in existence. This song was a favorite : —
BY JOnX G. NICOLAY.
In the black terror-night,
On yon mist-shrouded hill,
Slowly, with footsteps light,
Stealthy, and grim, and still,
Like ghost in winding sheet
Eisen at midnight bell,
Over his lonely beat
Marches the sentinel !
In storm-defying cloak —
Hand on his trusty gun —
Heart, like a heart of oak —
Eve, never-setting sun ;
Speaks but the challenge-shout.
All foes without the line,
Heeds but to solve the doubt,
Watchword and countersign.
36 JOURNAL OF THE
Campward the watch-fires gleam
Beacon-like in the gloom ;
Round them his comrades dream
Pictures of youth and home.
While in his heart the bright
Hope-fires shine everywhere,
In love's enchanting light
Memory lies dreaming there.
Faint, through the silence come
From the foe's grim array,
Growl of impatient drum
Eager for morrow's fray;
Echo of song and shout,
Curse and carousal glee.
As in a fiendish rout
Demons at revelry.
Close, in the gloomy shade
Danger lurks ever nigh —
Grasping his dagger-blade
Crouches the assassin spy ;
Shrinks at the guardsman's tread,
Quails 'fore his gleaming eyes,
Creeps back with baflied hate,
Cursing his cowardice.
Naught can beguile his bold
Unsleeping vigilance ;
E'en in the fire-flame, old
Visions unheeded dance.
Fearless of lurking spy,
Scornful of wassail-swell,
With an undaunted eye
Marches the sentinel.
Low, to his trusty gun.
Eagerly w:hispers he,
** "Wait, with the morning sun
March we to victory.
Fools, into Satan's clutch
Leaping ere dawn of day :
He who would fight must watch,
He who win must pray.''
Pray ! for the night hath wings
Watch, for the foe is near;
March ! till tlie morning brings
Fame-wreath or soldier's bier.
So shall the poet write,
When all hath ended well,
"Thus through the nation's night
Marched Freedom's sentinel."
August 11. Between 12 and 1 o'clock this morning
troops were heard marching into the fort, and at day-
light, there was to be seen an entire regiment in repose,
stretched on the ground, and without tents. It was
from Massachusetts, and came for the purpose of
relieving the 192d. Preparations were at once com-
menced for the march to some other point. Bade
adieu to Fort McHenry at 12 o'clock, and marched to
38 JOURNAL OF THE
tlie depot of tlie ISTortli Central Pennsylvania Railroad,
where we remained until 4 P. M., waiting for transpor-
tation. The march from the fort was a very severe one,
owing to the heat of the day. Quite a number of men
fell out of the ranks from exhaustion, caused by the
pressure of the sun. In a short-time after halting, all
the men had come up, and the delay in obtaining trans-
portation afforded ample time for the recovery of the
August 12. Reached Harrisburg at 6 o'clock this
morning, having had a comfortable ride all night.
There was ample room in the cars for the comfort of
all. The accommodations on the road are of the very
best kind, and no pains are spared to supply soldiers
with every convenience that the heavy traveling will
allow. Changed engines at this point, — halted for half
an hour, and started with fresh speed for Pittsburg.
Crossed the AUeghenies at sunset. The scenery was
beautiful. The valleys below, glistened in golden light.
To those who had never seen it before, the view was
to them exceedingly interesting. Px^eached the City of
Pittsburg at 11 P. M. Found a Philadelphia Regiment
stretched along the street waiting for transporta-
tion en route for Chicago. On our arrival, an
invitation from the Pittsburg Refreshment Saloon
Committee was given to the Regiment. In a few
moments the muskets were stacked and the companies
192d RE(iIMENT. 39
on thoir way to the paloon. The hirge Hall was bril-
liantly illuminated. Young men and ladies, the pride
and beauty of the city awaited at the tables, and the
boards groaned with the weight of the great variety
of food with which they were laden. It was a repast
which would have delighted the heart of a King, and
w^as extremely grateful to the soldier, who, in this
cause, is mfinitely a better man than the greatest
King that ever lived. If the world will not admit it,
at least they felt so. It is proper to say that all along
the road from Baltimore to Pittsburg, the people, with-
out exception, cheered and waived their hats, and every
token of loyalty was given that could be desired or
expected. The train itself, too, was a novel sight, —
half the men had mounted the top of the cars, waving
flags and cheering vociferously in response to those
August 13. At 4 o'clock the Eegiment was again
on board the train westward bound, either for Chicago,
Johnson's Island or elsewhere. As we passed along,
it became settled that w-e were going to the latter
place. The engine whirled us through a rich agricul-
tural region, the corn blades pointed heavenward, not
earthward, as in Dixie, and such corn ! Hundreds of
bushels to the acre, and thousands of them. Met with
an accident on the Pittsburg and Cleveland Railroad,
which detained us for some half an hour. When at
40 JOURNAL OF THE
full speed, 30 miles an hour, the wheels of one of the
cars struck a sunken rail ; the sill supporting the rail
having become rotten. The force of the concussion
threw the middle cars of the train from the track. In
this condition the car ran obliquely over the sills and
along the track for one-quarter of a mile, vdien the
engineer discovered something wrong and stopped his
engine, just as the car, and perhaps the whole train,
was within a few inches of being precipitated down a
steep embankment of some fifty feet descent. It was
a narrow escape from a very serious accident. The
train was placed in running order in a few moments,
and started ofi" again at renewed speed to make up lost
time. Arrived at Cleveland at 10 o'clock this evening :
halted for a short time, and again started for our
Ausrust 14. Traveled all niolit over a smooth road,
judging from the fact that all the soldiers on the train
slept soundly, and in blissful ignorance of their where-
abouts. Arrived at our destination this morning at 6
o'clock, in the city of Sandusky, Ohio, and within
sight of Johnson's Island. This island is one of con-
siderable magnitude, located in Sandusky Bay, tw^o and
a half miles from the city. It is also heavily timbered.
There is a gunboat anchored some distance from shore,
in range with the quarters occupied by the rebel pris-
oners. We remained just where the train stopped.
102d RECITMENT. 41
until 10 o'clock, when a small steamboat, called tlie
Princess, steamed up to the wharf, having in tow a
still more diminutive schooner, upon which to convey
the Regiment to the island. The right wing embarked
on board, and was soon on its way. In one hour and
a half the transports returned, and the left wing was
also taken to the island. In a short time an abundant
supply of fresh bread was distributed to the men, fol-
lowed by a large supply of bacon. The men were now
as happy as lords, and with a will commenced at once
gathering poles to pitch tents. Before sundown every
man was snugly housed, and the camp finely planted
with houses that had been, a few hours before, on the
backs of the men. The passage of the command over
a long line of railroad, with but few stopping places,
and only one, Pittsburg, where one meal was obtained,
was not without incidents of an unpleasant character,
and it is doubted whether the same number of men
could travel the same distance, under similar circum-
stances, without committing more acts of impropriety.
The cause originated in a short supply of food; after
leaving Pittsburg, scarcely a haversack could be found
that contained an ounce of meat or a particle of bread.
Some alleged that they had eaten their five day's
rations ; and others, that they were not supplied with
the amount required by army regulations. Without
deciding which statement is the true one, it was clear
42 JOURNAL OF THE
to tlie most opaque conception that tlie men were with-
out food. The result was, that at each stopping place
more than half the Eegiment was on the wing in quest
of forage. All houses within reach were entered, and
by purchase, begging or stealth, deprived of everything
eatable that could be found. In nearly all cases, the
people let these hungry men have all they wanted,
without money and without price; and it is certain
that but little money was requisite to buy what was
not given. But the foraging, in too many instances,
was not confined to the obtaining of food ; embold-
ened by success, a few individuals seized all property
within reach that was convenient to carry away. Arti-
cles of kitchen use, watches, hats, and a variety of stuff
too numerous to mention, was carried off. A boy who,
probably, never stole anything in his life before, (for
he had more than he could conceal,) came out of a
house some two hundred yards from the train. The
Colonel saw him coming with his load of plunder, when
that gentleman advanced upon the thief and outflanked
him. The articles, as a result, were immediately re-
turned to the owner ; and, after that, there was little,
if any, pilfering carried on. Five day's rations were
ordered at Fort McHenry, — that is, food for five days.
The quantity provided by law, as regulated by the War
Department, in General Order No. 226, is as follows :
'' The ration is twelve ounces of pork or bacon, or
192d regiment. 43
one pound and four ounces of palt or frosli beef ;
eighteen ounces of soft bread or Hour, or twelve ounces
of hard bread, or one pound and four ounces of corn
meal ; and to every one hundred rations, fifteen pounds
of beans or peas, or ten pounds of rice or hominy ; ten
pounds of green coffee or eight pounds of roasted (or
roasted or ground) cofiee, or one pound and eight
ounces of tea ; fifteen pounds of sugar ; four quarts of
vinegar ; one j^ound and four ounces of adamantine or
star candles ; four pounds of soap ; three pounds and
twelve ounces of salt, and four ounces of pepper. The
Subsistence Department, as may be most convenient
or least expensive to it, and according to the condition
and amount of its supplies, shall determine whether
soft bread or flour, and what other component parts of
the ration, shall be issued.
On a campaign or march, or on board transports,
the ration of bread is one pound.
Beans, peas, salt and potatoes, (fresh) shall be pur-
chased, issued and sold by weight, and the bushel of
each shall be estimated at sixty pounds.
When deemed necessary, fresh vegetables, dried
fruit, molasses, pickles, or any other proper food, may
be purchased and issued in lieu of any component part
of the ration of equal money value. The Commissary
General of Subsistence is alone authorized to order
4-4 JOT'RNAL OF THE
It is certain that neither the men nor their haver-
sacks could hold or carry the amount of food above
mentioned, and for five days ; nor did they receive the
whole of this amount at the starting point. There was
evidently a mistake in the matter ; which, with more
enlarged experience, will not be likely to occur again
to the same men.
August 15. The forenoon was devoted to an exam-
ination of the Island, which was full of live-stock, not
of that kind that Kobinson Crusoe found on Juan Fer-
nandez. The live-stock found here is a biped — a trai-
tor, and their number is considerable. This place is
nearly a circle, rock bound, so that the washing of the
water cannot invade the land. There are also some
fine oak and sycamore trees on every part of it — it is
weU shaded. There is a standing order forbidding any
one to injure or destroy the trees. The rebels have very
comfortable quarters here. Their houses which they
occupy are neatly put up, with plenty of light and
ventilation, and an abundance of food. It sickens the
heart while contemplating the treatment of our pris-
oners at Eichmond and Belle Isle, as contrasted with
the princely munificence enjoyed by the rebel prisoners
on this Island. But it must not be forgotten that the
people of the I^orth have for over one hundred years
deprived themselves of the civilizing, christian power
of slavery, and have diverged from that point where
192d regiment. 45
fiends in liiiman shape starve their prisoners to death,
and after death convert their bones into trinkets for
hidies, and their skulls into drinking cu[)S for gentle-
men, to another point, where no such inhuman bru-
tality upon men thrown into our hands by the fortunes
of war is practised. From haggard, almost fleshless
men, due to the hard service of the rebel army, these
prisoners have become portly and lazy, and should
thev ever aQ;ain return home, few will be able to estab-
lish their identity, for even here, no one can believe
what they say, owing to a weakness, that of lying, which
seems to be a constitutional complaint among the chiv-
alry. At 3 o'clock P. M. we received orders to pack
knapsacks, to leave the Island. This was strange news
to us, as the Ohio Eegiment here on our arrival, and
whose term of enlistment had expired, was on the
point of leaving. All hands packed up at once and
the Eegiment was ready to go. Instead of marching
away however, the whole command was simply moved
from the camp some ten feet, and, under an order from
Col. Thomas, the men were ordered to unsling knap-
sacks, when the proper officers at once entered upon
the search for the property stolen at various places
along our route. The search occupied the whole after-
noon, and the fruits of it was the recovery of the
watches, there being information of eight having been
stolen ; the offenders were taken into custody. Thus
46 JOURNAL OF THE
cleansed and purified tlie boys slept soundly on John-
son's Island, confident tliat justice would be done
should the heavens fall.
August 16. Our sojourn on the Island was of short
duration. It was Ions; enouoli however to form a
slight acquaintance, (all that was desirable,) with some
of the rebel prisoners. These conversed freely with
our own men touching lightly the cause of their impris-
onment. The more industrious and ingenious of them
were evidently '^on the make" in a small way, and
had made very handsome finger rings, breast-pins, and
other trinkets out of cannel coal, ornamented with
leaves, hearts, and shields, sunk into the cannel. The
boys eagerly bought them at prices ranging from
twenty-five cents to two dollars. Heceived orders to
pack knapsacks and strike tents at 10 A. M. Did
so, some of us to our sorrow, for it shortly afterwards
commenced raining and we did not leave the camp
until 4 P. M. We found out on this as on other pre-
vious occasions, that military movements were '^mighty
uncertain." At last the E.egimental hue was formed,
and amid a soaking rain the command marched to the
levee and the whole of us embarked on ricketty craft,
small steamboats and flat boats, which carried us safely
across the bay, at a speed popularly known as ''a snails
pace." To have moved faster would have undoubtedly
pitched those on the flats to the bottom of the Bay,
192d regiment. 47
as the slightest panic wouhl have upset the transport.
The whole Eegiment was on the bay at once, every
part of the vessels covered with men, so that nothing
but a huge blue spot could be seen floating slowly on
the bosom of the deep. The sight was a grand one.
The train bound South was in readiness, and in an
hour all were on their way to a new destination.
August 17. Traveled steadily onward all night,
with but few stoppages, and then only for a few mo-
ments. As we passed along, the inhabitants rushed
to their doors and windows, and discovering us to be
soldiers, raised a shout in which men, women and
children joined. The people of Ohio are eminently
loyal notwithstanding it is the home of such vipers as
Vallandigham, Cox, and Medary. The latter has
gone to the Copperhead heaven, prepared for such
from the foundation of the earth, and where his Sa-
tanic majesty since his fall, holds his sombre soirees.
Reached Columbus, the Capital of Ohio at 12 noon.
Eemained at the depot a few minutes, and started
off again Southward. Passed through a rich and
beautiful country, semi-prairie, with vast fields of
golden maize in view, and on magnificent meadow
fields were grazing cattle equally as magnificent.
The finest cows in the world flourish in all their
beauty on these vast and luxuriant plains. Palsied
be the hand that w^ould sever the Ohio from the
48 JOURNAL OF THE
Sisterliood of States, and hand over to anarchy and
bloodshed these luxuriant plains given by a kind Creator
to his creatures, where the pen and not the sword
was to rule. Traveled all day at a rapid rate of
speed. Everybody that had a glimpse of our flight
across the State gave us a cheer or some other token
Auecust 18. The morning; dawned and found us
still on the cars moving endways to our journey's end.
The Regiment was on board of two trains, in order
to reach our destination speedily. Landed at Hamden,
a god-forsaken and desolate place this afternoon at 3
o'clock, but not without encountering several mishaps,
fortunately without casualties of a serious kind. The
rains had washed the track of the road, causing the
rails to spread when near this place. The first train
passed over safely, but the one containing the Colonel,
the horses, and some 600 men, was not so lucky. The
horse-car was untracked several times, and other cars
shared the same fate. These mishaps detained the
Colonel's train several hours, but at last his train
emerged from between the mountains and joined us in
our camp on the outskirts of the town. This
part of Ohio is exceedingly mountainous and well
stored in mineral wealth. Iron is exceedingly abun-
dant and several fine smelting furnaces were met on
the roadside, in this vicinity. The railroad is a miser-
192d regiment. 49
able concern, and the wonder is that whole trains are
not precipitated into gullies of vast depth over which
are perched, on shaking trestlework, the rails of the
road. On landing, all hands went to work for the pur-
pose of bivouacking in the field, awaiting transporta-
tion. Towards evening a detail of thirty men was
made, under command of Adjutant Roney, to arrest
a number of rebel outlaws who had been committing
depredations upon the property of loyal citizens for
some time. They were represented as desperate char-
acters, who had sworn never to be taken alive. The
detachment started off" at dusk, to a point some ten
miles from Camp, where they were to be joined l'>y the
Provost Marshal of the district, and that ofiicer not
complying with the arrangements previously made,
as he did not appear, the detachm.ent returned without
having accomplished its object. Adjutant Roney
deserves great praise for the efficient manner in which
he discharged his duty on this occasion.
August 19. The men slept soundly in the open air,
not having pitched their tents. Awoke at 4 o'clock,
A. M., in the midst of rain. Remained on the field
all forenoon, the men employing themselves cooking
rations which had been liberally and abundantly sup-
plied. There was no grumbling whatever, and all
were happy as could be. The town contains more
copperheads than Union people, and in the course of
50 JOURNAL OF THE
the morning it was found that some of these were
prowling about the camp, in the corn-fields, to waylay
any of our men who might fall unarmed into their
clutches. One old man, a sinner of the deepest dye,
was captured in a corn-field, where he w^as found con-
cealed, with his gun cocked and primed, determined to
shoot any one who might approach. The old man was
a picture in himself, — old and hardened, ignorant and
dii^ty ; his face was covered with a beard that would
have done honor to Mahomet, and his eyes glared
vengeance upon his captors. His gun was taken from
him, and found loaded nearly to the muzzle. The
marauder was admonished, his gun given to him and
discharged. Left for Portland at 2 o'clock, P. M.;
distance thirty miles, on cars improvised for our accom-
modation, seated on railroad sills, which answered the
purpose of seats very well. Beached Portland at
4 o'clock, and encamped all around the village. Farm
produce is at a discount here, judging from the prices
paid for articles purchased by the men. Eggs ten cents
per dozen, and plenty of them, vegetables gratis. People
loyal and hospitable. This closed our career on rail-
roads, for the road to Gallipolis could be seen from an
eminence on which we w^ere encamped, and no iron
track was visible. There were twenty-six miles of
marching to be done, and all looked upon it as a pleas-
ant walk, although our knapsacks and haversacks were
102d regiment. 51
unusually heavy. It is with pardonable satisfaction
that a note is made of the fact, that, on the whole
distance from Johnson's Island, no man left the train
at any place, except to procure water. There was no
food begged, bought or stolen on the whole route, due
to the ample provisioning of the men at the starting
August 20. Started at 9 o'clock, A. M., on our
march to Gallipolis. Moved off with light and elastic
step. Even those who were ill with diarrhoea managed
to keep up. Short and easy marches were made, of
two and three miles, when a rest of some fifteen minutes
was given. The sun bore down on the heads of the
men with great force, but all managed to keep up and
only the sick straggled. Centreville was reached at
noon, where all hands took a refreshing repast pre-
pared by themselves. After dinner, started again :
and, in a few hours, the command reached Kaccoon
Creek, — half the distance, when a halt for the night
was made. Bivouacked in the field in rear of the
village. Rained during the night, but not in sufficient
quantity to cause inconvenience.
August 21. Sunday. All up and doing at day-
light, — ready to finish the march which, up to this
point, had been a pleasant one. The sky was darkened
with threatening, heavy clouds, and it was clear to all
that a hard rain would be our portion. On the road
52 JOURNAL OF THE
scarcely an hoiir^ when the floodgates of heaven opened
upon us. The rain came down in torrents, and to the
farmer, whose corn was perishing for the want of
moisture, — there having been no rain here for six
weeks, it was a welcome god-send, and, indeed to us,
it was viewed in the same light, although the torrents
on the road and in the gullies and creeks greatly im-
peded our progress. The water and mud soon became
knee-deep, and some of the creeks and streams crossing
the road so swollen as to be almost impassible. The
men plunged into the boiling fluid, and emerged on
the other side wiser and dirtier men than they had
ever been before. Gen. Burnside could not march
upon Fredericksburg through mud of the same depth,
and it need not surprise any one, that troops unaccus-
tomed to such a march gave signs of caving. The
rain did not cease the whole afternoon, and marching
became difiicult and dangerous. Men frequently fell
and slipped into ditches, from which they were dragged
by their companions. When within two miles of Gal-
lipolis, Col. Thomas ordered a halt, and selecting the
best ground that could be found, made preparations
for camping previous to reporting his arrival to the
Commander of the Post. In a few hours, all the strag-
glers in the rear came up, and were regaled and revived
with strong cofiee and food prepared by those who came
in with the advance. A number of men, more vigorous
192d regiment. 53
or aml)itions tlian tlic rest, did not halt at the camp,
passing into the town and quartering tliomselves upon
the inhabitants, and at hotels and groggeries. This
breach of discipline and orders greatly displeased Col.
Thomas, and he at once took measures to secure the
prompt return of this class of stragglers. Those from
the rear were at once ordered to their companies, but
those broudit in from the front were taken to the
guard-house, — a commodious blacksmith shop, and if
an ojfficer, he was deprived of sword, stripes, and other
insignia of office. At night, the guard-house was full
of prisoners, and still more of them at large in town.
August 22. The night was inclement, and the
ground on which the tents were pitched, wet and
spongy, so much so that but few escaped a thorough
soaking /ro??i helow. By unanimous consent, the loca-
tion was called '' Mud Camp." At noon the sky cleared,
enabling every one to dry clothes, repair damages and
fix the tents properly. When we took possession of
the field, it was green with new-grown clover, which
afforded food for thousands of grasshoppers. Clover
and insects disappeared together in a few hours, —
deeply buried in the mud. The situation of the camp
on a descent from the Gallipolis road. In the rear of
the tents was a field of corn, just then in prime con-
dition for roasting ears. And, on the opposite side of
the road, there was a much larger field of corn. The
54 JOURNAL OF THE
former was taken and cooked, while the latter remained
untouched. It was stated by some one that permission
had been obtained from the owner allowing the corn in
the lower field for the use of the men, and this field sup-
plied enough while the Kegiment remained at the place.
Some pilfering of live stock roaming at large through
the camp occurred during the da.y. Some persons
have a strong penchant for fresh pork, and should an
animal of this kind appear near any camp, especially
when rations are short, it soon finds its way into the
mess-pots. Several small porkers were captured and
served up in good style. The farmer, a rank copper-
head, missed his pigs, and reported the fact to Col.
Thomas. Whereupon, at dress parade this evening,
the Colonel cautioned the men against stealing, —
declaring that he would hang any one guilty of stealing ;
stating that several farmers of the neighborhood had
been plundered of their property, and that the Eegi-
ment had already gained a bad reputation on this
account in passing along its route. Immediately after
dress parade, an ofiicer and a squad of men were seen
pursuing a porker through the corn-field, which was
caught and killed. It is fair to suppose that the pig
was paid for, as nothing further was heard of the
matter. With this exception, the speech had the
desired eff'ect, and no further complaints were made.
The Eegimental Quarter-Master having preceded the
192d regiment. 65
Regiment into town, was assigned to quarters some
distance beyond by the officer in command of the Post,
under the expectation to be followed by the Regiment.
But, this did not come to pass ; so that the two were
some five miles apart. The Chief Quarter-Master,
Lieut. John J. Franklin, perceiving the state of the
case and the want of food in camp, at once despatched a
dozen four-horse wagons loaded with provisions, reach-
ing us about 8 o'clock, P. M. The guard-house w^as
now an interesting place. It was full of town strag-
glers, and the Colonel determined to punish them
severely. They were fed on bread and water for the
day, and were likely to remain in confinement over
August 23. All persons in the guard-house, except
a few thieves, were released this morning by the Colonel.
Some merriment was caused this morning on learning
that Lieut. Col. Taylor was a prisoner at his quar-
ters — a tavern at the road-side, some one not having
the fear of hanging before his eyes, had entered the
chamber of Col. Taylor while that gentleman was
sleeping soundly, and carried ofi" his pantaloons. The
Colonel was not released until a new pair had been
obtained for him by a brother officer. Nothing unusual
occurred in camp, — men employed themselves exploring
for water to drink, a very scarce article in this country.
The wells are deep and soon give out, and there are no
66 JOURNAL OF THE
springs to be found. The creeks too, are soon emptied
of their contents. The water, as soon as the creeks are
filled by the rain, rushes to the river, leaving but little
behind in holes and small pools. These holes are care-
fully emptied and the water placed into canteens. This
is the only water fit for drinking that can be found for
miles around Mud Camp. Soldiers not allowed to enter
town, except on passes difiicult to obtain. There may
be some desire to know the distance traveled by the
Eeo;iment. The followino; is believed to be a correct
statement, obtained from reliable sources : —
Philadelphia to Baltimore, 104
Baltimore to Harrisburg, - 85
Ilarrisburg to Pittsburg, - 249
Pittsburg to Cleveland, - 125
Cleveland to Sandusky, - 60
Across Bay to Island, - 6
Sandusky to Newark, - 116
August 24. Good morals are again in the ascendant.
The lecture of the Colonel at dress parade last evening
has had a salutary efiect upon the evil-disposed, aided
too, with the supply of fresh rations brought to camp.
There was remarkably good order in camp, and guards
had no trouble at all keeping the men within the pre-
scribed limits. New shoes and clothing to those who
had lost them in the mud or worn them out. The
government shoes, or gunboats, as the men sometimes
Newark to Columbus, - 33
Columbus to Loveland, - 100
Loveland to Chillicothe, - 73
Chillicothe to Hamden, - 32
Hamden to Portland, - 80
Portland to Gallipolis, - 26
192d regiment. 57
facetiously call them, are miserable contrivances. They
separate at the soles, — the stitching gives way, and, on
the march, soon become mud-shovels instead of shoes.
They are also too low ; affording no protection to the
ankles, aud liable to fill with water. Let it be noted
that there is not a sick man in the camp, — this is then
a healthy country ! So mote it be. The boys are in
a patriotic turn of mind to-day. The following beau-
tiful song is frequently given in a fine, manly voice by
Mr. Silas Eeed, a true soldier, and who is in no way
related to Wm. B., the superanuated copperhead at
Chestnut Hill, although he bears part of the name : —
FLAG OF OUR UNION FOREVER.
BY GEN. GEO. P. MORRIS.
"A song for our banner!" the watchword recall,
"Which gave the Republic her station ;
"United we stand — divided we fall!''
It made and preserves us a nation !
The union of lakes — the union of lands —
The Union of States none can sever;
The union of hearts — the union of hands —
And the Flag of tlie Union forever and ever-
The tiag of our Union forever.
'Tis the Star Spanglad Banner, and long may it waive,
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.
58 JOURNAL OF THE
What God in His wisdom and mercy designed,
And armed with his weapons of thunder;
Not all the earth's despots, and factions combined,
Have the power to conquer or sunder !
The union of lakes — the union of lands —
The Union of States none can sever;*
The union of hearts— the union of hands —
And the Flag of the Union forever and ever —
The Flag of our Union forever.
'Tis the Star Spangled Banner, and long may it waive,
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.
Oh keep the Flag Flying ! — the pride of the Van !
To all other nations display it !
The Ladies for union are all to a man;
But not to the man who'd betray it.
The union of lakes — the union of lands —
The Union of States none can sever;
The union of hearts — the union of hands —
And the Flag of the Union forever and ever —
The Flag of our Union forever.
'Tis the Star Spangled Banner, and long may it waive,
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.
August 25. Were it not for the good humor of the
men, which never tires, the present position in this
miserable hollow would be irksome beyond endurance.
Time moves slowly, after all. It is not as pleasant
here by any means as it is walking on the clean and
dry streets of the City of Brotherly Love. The guard-
house is empty, — all having paid the penalty of their
192d regiment. 59
crimes. The town garrisoned by our guards, who
arc taken there every morning, remaining 24 hours,
and taking with them their own rations. Noticed for
the first time this evening that our Colonel was not in
the best of humor at dress parade. He ordered one
man out of ranks for leaning on his gun, which will be
a lesson for him in the future, and those who indulged
in the practice of scratching themselves while drilling,
causing breaks in the line for several files, were very
properly ordered to perform that operation before and
August 26. Asked for and received a pass to town,
affording protection against all guards, patrols, and
scouts. Passed through the main street leading to
the levee and government store-houses. These build-
ings ai'e of vast extent: occupying ground equal to
Franklin Square — five in number; frame, and filled
with subsistence stores. Several thousand tons of hay
are also piled up on the outside, and covered with
canvas. It is a pretty little town, settled nearly 300
years ago by French Hugenots, who fled from the
tyranny of the Church in France. There are but three
or four descendants of the original settlers remaining.
The population is stated at 0,000. There are several
large public schools in operation, and education is
highly valued and encouraged by all the people. A
well conducted academy, having some two hundred
60 JOURNAL OF THE
pupils, is in a flourishing condition, supported by-
private subscription. In tliis institution the higher
branches of education are taught. Two large flouring
mills manufacture large amounts of flour, of the best
quality. Hotels, groceries, — all selling intoxicating
drinks are here without number. The National Hotel,
and Garnett House, are most prominent, and are well
conducted establishments. A very large mill for the
manufacture of woolen goods is also in full operation.
On the whole, it is a pleasant town, — people sociable
and loyal. They are too, a business people ; mercantile
pursuits being in the ascendant, and all doing a good
August 27. Struck tents and marched into Gal-
lipolis this morning at 7 o'clock. On the march, com-
panies and squads struck up various songs, among
them, with a tremendous chorus, was heard the popular
ballad of '' John Brown's body lies mouldering in the
This song was also sung, and enlivened the march : —
THE SWORD, FLAG, AND PLOUGH.
AiR—Eed, White, and Blue.
Unsheathed is the sword of the nation !
Baptized in the blood of the brave,
The blade shall be Freedom's salvation
To break the last bond of the slave.
192d reuiment. 61
From river and mountain and valley,
Goes upward the patriot's vow,
And the legions of Liberty rally,
To follow the Sword, Flag, and Plough.
Chorus. — To follow the Sword, Flag, and Plough,
To follow the Sword, Flag, and Plough ;
And the legions of Liberty rally
To follow the Sword, Flag, and Plough !
Unfurl the Free Banner wherever
The dawnings of victory gleam.
And perish the traitor's endeavor
To darken fair Liberty's dream I
The echoes of triumph are ringing
Where heroes are conquering now.
And the valor of Freedmen is bringing
Success to the Sword, Flag, and Plough !
Success to the Sword, Flag, and Plough,
Success to the Sword, Flag, and Plough ;
/ And the valor of Freedmen is bringing
Success to the Sword, Flag, and Plough!
The Sword is the last liberator
The Angel of Justice has sent.
And freeman were false to their nature
To rivet a chain that is rent 1
The heart of a people rejoices,
The symbol of treason must bow,
And a chorus of jubilant voices
Hurrah for the Sword, Flag, and Plough !
62 JOURNAL OF THE
Hurrah for the Sword, Flag, and Plough !
Hurrah for the Sword, Flag, and Plough !
And a chorus of jubilant voices
Hurrah for the Sword, Flag, and Plough !
A. M. I.
Companies E and H, were detaclied for guard and
patrol duty, relieving the Oliioans, who had hitherto
performed that duty, while the remaining portion of
the Eegiment continued its march to the Fair Grounds
and encamped. The Post was in charge of Col. Fer-
guson, of the 172d Ohio State Guard. This regiment
numbered 1,000 men, and had garrisoned towns and
posts up and down the Ohio for a distance of nearly
200 miles. This duty was hereafter to devolve upon
us. Col. Ferguson having nearly his entire regiment
in town, ready for mustering out, brought his com-
mand upon the public square this afternoon, and, after
giving the manual of arms, formed his regiment into
numerous positions on the double-quick, all the move-
ments showing considerable practice and knowledge
on the part of the men who executed all the orders of
their Colonel promptly and handsomely. Col. Fer-
guson then delivered a farewell address to his regiment.
Its length forbids its insertion in this Journal. He
closed by saying that the term for which the men
enlisted had expired, and that as soon as the man
with the greenbacks made his appearance, the regiment
192d regiment. 63
would bo miLstored out of service. He also remarked
that they were farmers, au honorable calling which
they had still more ennobled as soldiers for the defence
of their government, the Union, their homes and fire-
sides, and their civil and religious freedom. They had
shown the world that farmers could be soldiers, of this
he had convincing and proud proof. The Colonel is
a veteran, — an old army ofiicer, and every inch a
soldier. It was a treat to behold the gray-headed
Avarrior delivering his speech, which was eloquent and
patriotic in its every utterance. This afternoon another
Ohio regiment marched to the public square, its term
of service having also expired. It is 1,000 men strong.
Thus has the 192d relieved two Ohio regiments, a fact
which is highly suggestive of double duty, and this is
the only regiment on the spot ready for duty. This
latter regiment along the Ohio was in frequent conflict
w^ith the guerillas, and in every instance whipped and
dispersed them. Neither side took or gave quarter.
The men looked dilapidated in clothing, yet cheerful in
spirit. They deposited their arms in the Arsenal, and
passed into camp beyond the fair grounds, awaiting
August 28. Released from guard duty this morn-
ing at 9 o'clock, and marched to the new Camp on the
Fair Ground. The location is a fine one, on a high,
level and well drained piece of table land, on the bank
64 JOURNAL OP THE
of the river, from which all the water for camp use
was obtained. In arranging the new quarters, orders
were given requiring but three men in each tent.
This broke up some parties who had previously occu-
pied tents accomodating more than that number.
This evening it was agreed to contribute one dollar
each for the purpose of procuring a Regimental Band.
In the absence of the regular music, and this being
Sunday, in many of the Companies religious services
were held and hymns sung. Among them was the fol-
A BATTLE HYMN.
BY GEORGE H. BOKER.
God, to thee we humbly bow,
With hand unarmed and naked brow ;
Musket, lance, and sheathed sword
At thy feet we lay, Lord !
Gone is all the soldier's boast
In the valor of the host:
Kneeling here, we do our most.
Of ourselves we nothing know :
Thou, and thou alone canst show,
By the favor of thy hand,
Who has drawn the guilty brand.
If our foemen have the right,
Show thy judgment in our sight
Through the fortunes of the fight
1020 REGIMENT. G5
If our cause be pure and just,
Nerve our courage with tliy trust :
Scatter, in thy bitter wrath.
All who cross the nation's path :
May the baffled traitors fly,
As the vapors from the sky
AVhen thy raging winds are high !
God of mercy, some must fall
In thy holy cause. Not all
Hope to sing the victor's lay
"When the sword is laid away.
Brief will be the prayers then said ;
Falling at thy altar dead.
Take the sacrifice, instead.
Now, God ! once more we rise,
Marching on beneath thy eyes ;
And we draw the sacred sword
In thy name and at thy word.
May our spirits clearly see
Thee, through all that is to be,
In defeat or victory.
August 29. Nothing unusual in Camp, or any-
thing worthy of notice in town. Abundant rations
were given to the men, and good feehngs prevail all
around. The battalion drill this afternoon was a suc-
cess. The Colonel and officers generally are becoming
more experienced. The Regiment is improving rapidly
in disci j)line as well as in morals. The ruffians who have
66 JOURNAL OF THE
made themselves notorious on the route are coming to
grief, and in process of receiving their just deserts.
There are eight of them under guard, from Company
E. Five were arrested this afternoon, who, on a pass
to town, came into Camp intoxicated. There are also
some thirty confined elsewhere, from all the Compa-
nies, the major part of them for stealing. Three offi-
cers, Captain Leidy, Lieutenants Fleming and Chase,
deprived of their swords, for abandoning their com-
mands on the march and proceeding to town without
orders. The citizens of the town, and the ladies who had
been frightened by the bad reputation given to the Reg-
iment, which preceded its arrival, expressed themselves
greatly pleased with the good conduct of Companies
E and H, while doing guard and patrol duty in town ;
and there is a praiseworthy determination among all
the Companies to suppress the disorderly, and to show
that our Regiment had been slandered and our offences
exaggerated. There is, then, prospect for improve-
ment, on further acquaintance.
August 30. A wet and foggy morning, which
lasted for some hours after sunrise. The officers
under arrest, (previously mentioned) were to-day
released and their swords restored. It is to be hoped
that the efi'ect of the punishment will be salutary, as
even-handed justice is ever in the ascendant — no dis-
tinction between officers and privates in the mainte-
192d regiment. 67
nanco of diseipliiie. There arc a few cases of chills
and fever in camp. A number of soldiers were sum-
marily punished to-day for shirking camp duty.
There are about forty men in camp, at a rough esti-
mate, for whom severity in punishment for offences is
the only remedy. They seem to have been hardened
at home to that kind of treatment.
A proposition to enlist for one year was made to
the Regiment by the Colonel. At roll-call this even-
ing, the suggestion was considered and an informal
vote taken. Only one man responded in Company
E, and a few in the other companies, probably forty
men. The reason given is, that they desire to serve
out this term of enlistment before commencing
another. The Quarter-Master of the Regiment gave
notice that two days back rations would be given to
each company. Having a sufficiency on hand, the
men formed messes, and are selling these rations, and
buying in lieu fresh bread, vegetables and luxuries.
August 31. An eventful and interesting day in
camp. Shortly after Surgeon's call the Regiment was
drawn up in line by the Colonel, with fixed bayonets.
Colonel Thomas formed the line himself. The Bat-
talion marched into the street of Company A, and took
possession. It appears that this morning the men of
this Company refused to answer roll-call, or obey the
commands of their officers, alleging that injustice was
68 JOURNAL OF THE
done to them in the supply of rations, declaring the
quantity allowed insufficient. When the Battalion
appeared among them, the men were carelessly stand-
ing in front of their tents, looking as unconcerned as
if they were not the object of this special attention.
The men were ordered to form in line by the Orderly,
which they did slowly and with apparent reluctance.
The line formed, the Colonel opened the book and read
to them the 7th Article of War. At its close he
informed the men that he had come to arrest and send
them for trial to Columbus — that he would maintain
order and discipline in his command at whatever cost —
that if his Eegiment was not sufficient for the purpose,
he would call upon the whole military power of the State
to do it ; but, in consideration of this being the first
offence, he would give them five minutes to resume their
accoutrements and form in line. At the expiration of
the allotted time every man was at his post ! Colonel
Thomas then said that the ration of hard bread, (the
cause of the mutiny,) was fixed by the Government —
that he could neither increase or diminish the quan-
tity allowed by law — that he had applied to the Quar-
ter-Master of the regiment, and was informed by him
that full rations had been drawn by Company A. He
knew, too, that much was wasted by the men, and that
no care was taken to keep the provisions for the time
allotted for their consumption. He closed his remarks
192d regiment. 69
by assuring the men that, on a repetition of the grave
ofTence that had been committed, he would at once
enforce the law. Thus ended what may be called a
*' hard- tack mutiny," or, a tempest in a tea-pot, on
the part of a few unthinking yet faithful men.
In the afternoon the companies were formed with-
out arms, and taken to the quarters of Colonel Thomas
and Lieutenant-Colonel Taylor. These officers called,
in person, the roll of each company, and found no
absentees but those on guard and those guarded.
This w^ork finished, the officers mounted their horses,
and, with the rolls in their hands in place of swords,
rode into tcnvn, which is the last heard of them.
There was no Battalion drill, or dress parade, and
the boys amused themselves in forming messes and
drawing rations for six days' consumption. This
closed the work for the day. It is proper to state
here that the food distributed is of the very best
quality, and full in weight. . It consisted of hard
bread, bacon, coffee, sugar, rice, hominy, molasses,
salt, pepper, soap, candles, and vinegar.
September 1. Two members of Company E, in
confinement for sleeping on their posts, were dis-
charged from custody this morning, by Colonel Fer-
guson. He administered to them a severe reprimand)
commented in proper terms upon the gravity of their
ollence, and stated to them the nature of the punish-
70 JOURNAL OF THE
ment meted out to those who, by their neglect of duty,
may jeopardize the safety of the whole garrison — gave
to them, in addition, salutary advice in regard to their
military obligations, and read the articles of war
applying to their case, when he dismissed them and
ordered them to report to their companies. The men
were delighted with the Colonel for his clemency and
magnanimity, fully determined for the future to keep
awake. Yesterday evening a gang of twenty rebel
deserters were brought to Grallipolis, from Charleston,
"West Virginia, at which place they had surrendered
themselves to our forces. They represent themselves
as deserters fi'om General John C. BifECKENRiDGE's
Division of the rebel army, abandoning him at Staun-
ton, Virginia. They look the picture of bodily suffer-
ing, nearly starved to death, and clothed in rags of all
colors. Since in our lines they have been kindly
treated, and are willing to subscribe to the oath of
allegiance to the glorious old Union. The order of
Major-General Heintzelman, of the Ohio, Indiana
and Illinois Military District, Head Quarters at
Columbus, forbidding railroad companies, and other
means of conveyance, from transporting, and other
parties from selling, except for Government use,
powder, or ammunition, or fire-arms of any kind, for
the ensuing sixty days, went into efiect immediately,
and has greatly disconcerted the Copperheads, who
192d regiment. 71
cry out tyranny, despotism, and that a Government so
manifestly afraid of the people ought to be destroyed.
But God save the mark ! these rampant orators and
organs of the party, the newspapers, who thus assail
and denounce the Government which protects them,
are not the people ; they are rather tories and traitors,
who are doing all in their power to spread desolation
and bloodshed into the homes of the North. But the
veteran Heintzelman has deprived them of the means
of doing it, and hence they howl ! An old man, of
Southern sympathies, at one of the town groceries,
said there was enough English powder on hand for all
they, the Knights of America, wished to accomplish ;
that they did not want Yankee powder. There are
many such persons here, and it is admitted that it
was a wise step to concentrate troops at this point, to
be prepared to crush any uprising of the Copperheads.
These men, it is needless to say, are friends of Val-
LANDIGHAM & Co., and as thoroughly disloyal as any
of the rebels in arms. The precautions taken by the
President to frustrate the treasonable, and at this
crisis dangerous designs of the enemies of the people,
were just in time to prevent consequences of a fatal
character, more so to the authors of the conspiracy
than to anybody else.
This afternoon the Colonel gave the Regiment a
thorough yet pleasant drill, on the large field in rear
72 JOURNAL OF THE
of camp. The work was well done. This was the
opinion of those who profess to know. A detachment
of ten soldiers from Company E, and fifteen from
Company H, under the command of Lieutenant
Snyder, of the latter, was despatched on an expe-
dition to Vicksville, distant about thirty miles, to
capture or disperse a gang of marauders, who have
been burning mills, houses, barns, stealing horses and
threatening the lives of Union men residing in the
neighborhood. It would seem that the Union citizens
submit to these outrages without any effort at self-
defence. Were they to unite, and meet the foe bravely,
these marauders would not then keep a whole county
under cow. It is strange that they have not done so ;
but they, too, are prone to ask, " Under which king,
September 2. Very little work of any kind was
done in camp to-day. The Colonel, his staff, and nearly
all the Company officers were in town on business of
importance, not divulged to the public. There was
remarkable good order in camp all day. The guards
have been removed from all the roads to the river, and
hundreds of men were swimming and others washing
clothes, for over a mile along shore. Cleanliness is the
first duty of a soldier ! The heat of the sun was very
great and some were severely scorched, causing a great
deal of pain to the sufferers. E. and G. guards in
192d regiment. 73
town to-day. The boat guard to Charleston, com-
manded by Capt. BoHLEN, Co. E, two days ago, returned
this afternoon. This evening four alleged deserters
from the Regiment, were brought into camp, under
guard. They made their escape at Fort McHenry,
and at Pittsburg. Their appearance at this post was
voluntar3^ The thieves previously noticed, were tried
to-day by Court-Martial, and sentenced to forfeit one
month's pay, restore property stolen, and perform police
duty for the same period.
September 3. The guards returned at 8 A. M.
The forenoon was devoted to brushing up accoutre-
ments and clothing. A squad of those still held in the
guard house, for various oifences, were taken to the
Colonel's quarters, and each one after an appropriate
lecture was sent to his company. At dress parade this
evening the Hospital Band, comj)osed of members of
the Invalid Corps, paid us the compliment of passing
in front of our Regimental line. Their music was
quite a relief from the indifferent drumming which has
been feebly doing this duty for our amusement. A
number of ladies, thanks be to them, under the lead
of our gallant Adjutant, presented themselves on the
parade ground and were beheld with high satisfaction
Sunday, September 4. To-day Col. Ferguson
yielded the command of the troops of the fort into the
74 JOURNAL OF THE
hands of his successor, Col. Wm. B. Thomas ; the latter
issued the following order : —
GENERAL ORDERS XO 1.
Post Head Quarters,
GaUipolis, 0. September 4, 1864.
In accordance with instructions from Major-Gen. Heintzel-
MAN, commanding Nortliern Department, I hereby assume
command of this Post, and all troops at the same.
By order of
WM. B. THOMAS,
Col. 192d BegH Pa. Vol. Com. Post.
At an early hour this morning, we w^ere favored with
a w^elcome and much needed shower. Our shelter
tents kept out the water w^ell enough, but the level
nature of the ground caused a considerable quantity
of the water to insinuate itself into the interior of the
tents. The odor of the ground, of decaying vegetable
matter, was very unpleasant to the olfactories. Eelig-
ious services were held in camp this afternoon. The
detachment of twenty-five men detailed to Vicksville,
Vinton county, returned to quarters at 4 o'clock P. M.
pretty well used up. They had traveled sixty miles
over a very rough country. They captured and
brought with them the leader of the gang, Josiah
MoLLAHAK, who was captured in the woods, on Friday.
The party also secured a lot of fire arms, cavalry
192d regiment. 75
sabres, concealed in a stable or barn occupied by the
guerrillas. The companions of Mollahan, seeing
themselves overpowered, fled and escaped. The pris-
oner was met in the woods, armed to the teeth, where
he was seen, at daylight, walking towards the cabin.
He was ordered to halt, when he made an effort to
draw his revolver. The Provost Marshal, Selfridge,
who piloted the party, at this moment discharged his
rifle at him, the ball passing within a few inches of
the prisoner's head. The men stationed in the vicinity
immediately advanced upon him, w^hen he surren-
dered. A number of them are still at large, but
having lost their Captain, and aware that the military
are after them with hot loot, determined to wipe them
out, they will no doubt flee to parts unknown and rid
the neighborhood of their presence. On the return
of the detachment to Gallipolis, they were fired into
at long range, by a party of men on horseback, a ball
passing through the clothes of one of our men. The
chivalry were instantly pursued, but not being moun-
ted, the chase was reluctantly given up. Late in the
evening fifty rebel prisoners were 1)rought to Gallipolis
from Western Viro;inia.
Septem1)er 5. A heavy fall of rain during the night.
A few tents were blown down and in some of them the
occupants were soaked by the undercurrent. A few
hours of daylight sufficed to repair all damages. Corp.
7^ JOUHNAL OF THE
Thompson, of Company E. was released to-day by
Court-Martial. He was under arrest since our arri-
val here : was tried for straccdinsc, conduct unbecom-
ing a soldier^ found guilty^ and sentenced to forfeit one
month's pay and perform seven days extra police duty.
A boat guard of fifteen men was sent up the Kanawha^
commanded by Lieut. Geiffith, of Company C.
September 6. This morning the camp guard was
doubled and all ^dsits to town forbidden. This change
is due to the bad conduct of a certain class of officers
and men, who, abusing and unworthy of the privi-
leges and freedom given to the Eegiment, by reason
of its general good conduct ; these men imbibed twine
freely and behaved in such a manner as to cause citi-
zens to lodge complaint with the Colonel. He com-
mented upon this breach of confidence in severe though
not less deserved terms at dress parade yesterday
evening. He at the same time complimented the men
for their good conduct and stated that certain officers
had given them a very pernicious example. Passes are
now required for passage to the river, and all its
approaches guarded ; nor can water be had even for
cooking without the required pass. This is a grievious
deprivation to be endured on account of a few disor-
derly persons, who are seldom, if ever, brought to
account. Lieut. Col. Bexj. L. Taylor commands
192d regiment. 77
The march from Portland produced a remarkable
effect upon the Regimental drum corps. Some twelve
drummers and as many drums totally disappeared,
and have not since been heard from. The only
survivors of the march are Major Taylor, and the
fifer, the former performing discordant beating on a
drum shattered and soiled. Yesterday we were pleased
to learn a new set of drums came to hand from Phila-
delphia ; but as to those who are to beat them, they
are supposed to be still hidden in the mud. It is
hoped, however, that they will be found and restored
September 7. Two companies detailed in town
each morning for guard and patrol duty. This
morning the guard has charge of ten prisoners for
theft and drunkenness. A fight occurred in town
yesterday between the Orderly Sergeants of Companies
C. and H. Sergeant Smith, of Company H. received
a sword cut across the face and was taken to the Hos-
j)ital. This afternoon at dress parade Col. Thomas
formed the Regiment in hollow square, and with a few
preliminary remarks, read a letter to him from a loyal
farmer of the neighborhood, informing him that a short
time ago, some twenty-five men of this Regiment had
entered his grounds and had committed depredations
upon his property, applying to the thieves terms more
pointed than elegant. The letter expressed confidence
78 JOUK-VAL OF THG
in the Colonel that he would cause an end of these
outrages upon the rights of loyal citizens. The Colonel
also read the following card, published in the Gallipolis
Journal, of Sept. 8, 1864 — in advance of publication.
Permit me through the colums of the Journal, to express my
sentiments of respect for the Officers and men belonging to the
192d Reg't., now encamped on my farm. The strict regard
they have thus far paid to my rights as a citizen, is in marked
contrast to that heretofore received, and merits at my hands
this testimonial to their gentlemanly deportment and good
J. R. Smithers,
Gallipolis, Ohio, September 6, 1864.
Mr. Smithers is the owner of the Fair grounds on
which we are encamped, and a beautiful spot it is.
On the river bank to our right, is his mansion, a
building of fine proportions, surrounded by a fruitful
garden abounding in grapes and other evidences of
intelligent cultivation. In our rear are vast fields of
luxuriant corn ripening under the influence of a
Southern sun. Not an ear has been taken by members
of our Regiment, nor has a single rail or board been
taken from his fences, and if taken, with his consent.
This is in remarakable contrast with the fate of fences
and timber generally, with this and other Regiments,
192d regiment. • 79
These always fall a prey the moment a Regiment
locates itself; material of this kind is required for the
pitching of the tents, and in the effort to obtain it, some
unintentional damage occurs. At this place, the
exception was in our favor, for loose material was
found abundant and the fences of jMr. Smithers
September 8. Companies G. and I. on duty to-day.
A severe rain at an early hour this morning and camp
duty very uncomfortable. Col. Thomas still retains
his Head Quarters with the Regiment and is seldom
absent, and then only on business connected w^ith his
command of the Post. A boat guard of fifteen men,
one Sergeant and two Corporals, left Camp last night,
with three days rations, under command of Lieut.
This afternoon the muskets given to the Regiment
at Camp Cadwalader, Philadelphia, were turned in as
unfit for service. It is a rifled musket, made in
England, bearing the stamp of the British crown on the
lock, also the word ''Tower, 1862." The barrels are
very inferior and cannot resist the pressure of the
charge of powder, several of them having exploded.
They are said to have been ordered by the rebels and
captured from them in the steamer ''Bermuda," and
other blockade runners, wdiile on their way to rebel-
dom, off' Charleston and Wilmington. Towards' even-
80 JOURNAL OF THE
ing the teams from town brought to Camp our new
muskets. On examination it was at once perceived,
that the piece was of the same manufacture, stamp,
date, wood and general appearance corresponding pre-
cisely with the muskets given up, differing only in the
strap, which was of better quality. What induced
this distinction without a difference no one knowing
has condescended to tell us, and as we have neither lost
or gained anything by the exchange, except in the
slight particular mentioned, it would be unkind to
complain that either party had been cheated by the
operation. Private S. M. Care, of Company E. was
detailed to count the muskets and make the return to
the Adjutant, which duty that gentleman performed
in a satisfactory manner. This morning a pair of
military pants were fished up in the Ohio, opposite the
camp. They were identified as the property of Lieut.
Col. Taylor, from whom they had been stolen at Mud
Camp. Who placed them in the river, is still a mys-
tery. The friends of Col. Taylor feel thankful that
he was not in them when they were found.
September 9. Companies B. and E. on guard to-day.
Steamboat detachment under Lieut. Vansciver re-
turned -to camp, having been up the Kanawha valley
as far as Camp Piatt, some 80 miles. A squad of
eight men was detailed for the gunboat ^^ Alice," to
perform duty as marines. This boat visits all points
192d regiment. 81
on the river above and below, for pevoral hundred
miles. Her loAver deck is iron-clad and her armament
consists of five brass pivot guns. She is a powerful
stern-wheel boat, of light draught and the fastest on the
river. Valuable service has been performed by this
boat and she has had several conflicts with guerrillas,
in every instance dispersing and severely punishing
them. These land pirates have a wholesome dread
of her power and do not venture within range of
her guns. Several companies went to town — they
are building log houses and repairing those occupied
by the Ohio troops, preparatory to leaving the present
camp, which will take place in a few days. As an
item it may^ be mentioned, in passing along, that a
corps for theatrical performances has been organized,
under the care of Adjutant Roney, and his assistants,
who propose giving Concerts, &c., during the stay
of the Regiment in Gallipolis. They have pretty good
musicians and several capital singers in the Corps and
will no doubt be able to distinguish themselves on the
stage. The squad of patrols stationed at the National
Hotel, kept by Mr. Breneman, are remarkably well
treated, and all who performed duty in that locality
speak in high terms of the courtesy and kindness
extended to them by the Proprietor and his amiable
family. Of this the writer is happy to offer his testi-
mony, who was stationed on several occasions in the
82 JOURNAL OF THE
September 10. Pc^trols and guards returned to
Camp two hours later than usuaL Saturday is usually
devoted to camp policing^ such as sweeping streets, ven-
tilating and drying the tents, brushing up muskets and
accoutrements, and bathing in the river, imperatively
required of all not on duty. Yesterday James Hodge,
of Company A. departed this life, at the Hospital, in
the 18th year of his age. His disease was erysipelas,
contracted in camp. His associates bear testimony to
his uniform good conduct and he was a favorite in his
company. The remains of the deceased w^ere em-
balmed, enclosed in a handsome coffin, and at 8 o'clock
the solemn roll of the muffled drum was heard in camp
as the funeral procession formed and escorted the
remains to the boat, en route for Philadelphia.
A curious craft w^as seen floating with the current
of the Ohio, to-day, in the middle of the river. As
it neared in the distance it was described as a batteau
or oar-boat, in which there was a house, at the stern.
Not anything living could be seen upon it, and it was
regarded for some time as a weak invention of the
enemy, to blow up the Alice or any other boat that
might come in contact with it. The boys, however,
were not to be deterred from examinins; into the merits
of the machine, and when it came opposite, a few ex-
pert swimmers boldly struck into the current, made
for it, and brought it to the shore. To the surprise
102d regiment. 83
of allj a very old man evidently an octagenarian was
discovered sleeping soundly in his house. The strange
man, with a beard like that of Moses, arose and gazed
upon his captors with no friendly eye. He demanded
the cause of his detention and said he did not wish to
be disturbed, evidently imagining that he had fallen
into the hands of the rebels, from whom, he afterwards
stated, he had suffered injury in person and property.
The boys apologized and regretted what they had done,
and good feeling was restored between the parties. The
old man stated that he was a refugee from his south-
ern home, from which he had been driven when Ken-
tucky was partly in possession of Buckner and Breck-
inridge, and now, that the glorious old flag was once
more waving over his State, he was on his return to
his old Kentucky home where his days of manhood
were spent in the enjoyment of peace and tranquility,
and in his decline, without cause, the horrors of civil war
were visited upon him and his family. He still expected
to end his days under the flag of the Union, which he
would never abandon. The voyager had plenty of
provisions, and started again on his lonely journey.
A Republican Meeting held in town to-day. It was
a very large assemblage of the bone and sinew of Gal-
lia County. Among the speakers was Major M'Clin-
TOCK, of the 192d, who delivered an eloquent and
powerful speech on the issues of the war.
M JOURNAL OF THE
Sunday, September 11. A considerable number of
the Eegiment have gone to Church. After company
inspection the men employed themselves generally,
writing letters home. Eemarkably quiet in camp.
There are no infractions of discipline to record. The
guard-house is without an occupant, and the esprit du
corps of the command is fully established. This is
certainly a very gratifying state of affairs. The peo-
ple of the town also speak well of the conduct of the
men, and indeed, the whole Eegiment is daily gaining
in public esteem.
September 12. Company H. on guard in town.
It will not return to camp, and is to be followed to-mor-
row by the whole Eegiment. Boat guard to the Kana-
wha under command of Lieut. Chase. The author
of the letter read at dress parade by Col. Thomas,
on the 7th, (written by a Mr. Preston,) disavows
the charges made against members of the Eegiment,
whom he accused of committing depredations upon his
property. He says the letter was written for him by
another person, and that that person substituted the
192d Eegiment, instead of an Ohio Eegiment, as the
authors of the mischief. Thus has a mistake, if such
it can be called, affecting the reputation of the Eegi-
ment, been corrected. It seems that a company of
men is permanently stationed at this post, number-
ing some 90 men, under command of Capt. Smith.
102d regiment. 85
They are here for three years, and were recruited in
Trumbull County, Ohio. They have adopted the cog-
nomen of "Cheeseheads," and are not at all offended
when this term is applied to them. A small news-
paper was published by them, called the Cheesehead,
and its columns manifest considerable ability in its
editorials. It is very severe upon the Copperhead
portion of the commnity, and one of these, in endeav-
oring to pass the guard, after having been duly warned
and still persisting, was killed by the guard,* gave the
disloyal ample swing for still greater animosity. The
Trumbull men weathered the storm, adopted the term
derisively applied to them, and they still retain it.
September 13. This morning at 8 o'clock the entire
Ptegiment struck tents, broke up camp and in a few
moments bade farewell to the Fair Grounds. New
quarters in town occupied by the men, and the change
was a delightful one. Companies encamped on vacant
lots over a considerable extent of territory. Regimen-
tal Head Quarters in the centre, and Post Head Quar-
ters in the square. Col. Thomas still has his quarters
with the Regiment, with Col. Taylor. Great improve-
ments made in the arrangement and position of the
logs used by former encampments. Company E. tum-
bled them down and arranged them anew, as suited
their fancy. In a few hours the work was completed and
aU hands settled down and everything passed off merry
86 JOURNAL OF TUE
as could be. Profanity, which heretofore was largely
indulged in is now seldom heard, probably for the rea-
son that there is now nothing to swear at. This
abominable vice is endemic in its symptoms and char-
acter. Men who at home would shudder at the awful
swearing which escapes their lips, scarcely open their
mouths without letting fly an oath or two, and when
their attention is called to it, they wonder how the
practice could have grown upon them. And then too,
men who^have been quiet at their home work, not
given to much talk, become noisy and full of tongue.
This too, abates in course of time, and they resume
their former quiet demeanor. All the good qualities
will finally overcome the more pernicious ingredients
of character, but it requires discipline and mental
restraint, regularity of duty, and good example on the
part of those in authority to effect the change. When
the ofiicers swear all the men follow suit — when the
officers drink whiskey, the men, with rare exceptions,
do the same. Hence great responsibility rests upon
commanders of companies, which is apparent to the
observer, more than to those who indulge in these
September 14. This morning the following order
was posted all over town and it attracted more than
ordinary attention :
192d regiment. 87
GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 2.
Head Quarters of Post,
Gallipolis, Ohio, September 14, 18G4.
Hotel-keepers, Grocers and others, are forbidden to sell to
soldiers in or near Gallipolis intoxicating liquors of any kind.
The places of business of such as violate this order, either
clandestinely or openly, if detected, will be closed thereafter.
By order of
WM. B. THOMAS,
Col. 102d Regiment, Penna. Vols.
The conduct of a certain class of men yesterday was
not such as might have been expected from them.
This led to the order given, and it will be fully en-
forced. A guard of one hundred men was detailed by
Col. Thomas and posted in person this morning. This
guard completely encircles the town and is some three
miles in length, extending ovef hill and valley, in the
rear of the Hospital grounds and up to the late camp.
It cuts off all access to the country on the part of the
soldiers, while it allows free passage into any part of
the town. The Cheesehead Camp is outside of the
line and none can pass without the proper document.
This is a new order of things to Avliich they have not
been accustomed. A new Ohio Regiment, the lS3d,
encamped within our lines, near the Hospital: it is
800 strong, and in the receipt of recruits, and will soon
88 JOURNAL OF THE
have its full complement of men. Lieut. John F.
Snyder in temporary command of this Eegiment.
September 15. A bad breach of the peace in Company
G. Whiskey at the bottom of it, that article having
been smuggled into their camp by the officers. These,
and the men then in camp engaged in a promiscuous
fight, in which the Captain received the worst of the
blows, the claret flowing freely. Lieut. Hummel, a
hero who lost an arm in battle, exerted all his power
to restore order and at last succeeded in separating
the combatants. The officers were deprived of their
swords and will have to give an account of their par-
ticipation in this disgraceful affair. At dress parade
the removal of Capt. McQuaid, of Company G. was
announced and an officer detailed to take charge of the
Company, until further orders : the proceedings of
Court-Martial, Maj. McClintock, President, were also
read. Two thieves, (of the old batch,) were found
guilty and sentenced to forfeit one month's pay and
perform Hospital duty for thirty days.
September 16. The usual routine of camp was
quietly and regularly performed. Nothing occurred
to disturb the harmony which everywhere prevailed.
The new Eegiment of Ohio (183d) is rapidly filling its
ranks and when full will be sent to the front. The
local bounty is $300. Everything in our Eegiment
moves smoothly and in satisfactory style. Guard duty
192d regiment. 9
is punctually attended to, and the officers faithful in
the discharo;e of their duties. The followino; order
embraces tlie duties of the camp, and has been in
force since the 2oth of July : —
GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 3.
Head Quarters, 20th Reg't, P. V.
Sept. mh, 18G4.
1. Reveille and Roll-Call at Daylight.
Breakfast between 6 and 1\ o'clock.
Surgeon's Call at 7 o'clock.
Squad Drill, Ih to 82 o'clock.
Guard Mount. 9 o'clock.
Company Drill, from 10 to 11 o'clock.
Dinner, between 12 and 1 o'clock.
Squad Drill, 2 to 2\ o'clock,
Battalion Drill, 3 to 4^ o'clock.
Supper, between 5J and 6 o'clock.
Dress Parade, 6i o'clock.
Retreat and Roll-Call at sunset.
Tattoo and Roll-Call at 9 o'clock, P. M.
2. All men not on detached duty, will be required to attend
each drill and parade.
Meals must be completed within the hours named.
Morning reports must be handed to the Adjutant before
8 o'clock in the morning.
Unless otherwise ordered, passes will be granted to not
more than one commissioned officer and three privates*
at any one time.
90 JOURNAL OF THE
Privates absenting themselves from Camp more than
thirty minutes without passes, will be placed under
arrest, and will be required to perform the labor of the
Camp, or otherwise punished.
Firing without order is strictly forbidden. The offender
will be charged with ammunition expended, Vv'ithout
permission, and otherwise punished for violation of the
Captains of Companies will see that the men do not destroy
the fences in the vicinity of the Camp, or molest citizens,
or destroy their property. Any violation of this order
must be promptly reported by commanders of Companies.
Captains of Companies failing to have their commands on
the parade-grounds at the time indicated by these
Orders, or neglecting to conform promptly to any order
to march, or who shall neglect to exercise their com-
panies the full time required by these Orders, or shall fail
to preserve discipline in their commands, will have these
omissions noted in a book kept for the purpose, whilst
those commissioned and non-commissioned officers who
are prompt in the performance of all their duties will be
favorably mentioned in this record, which will be pre-
served for future references.
W. B. THOMAS,
September 17. The usual process of brushing all
things clean in camp is going on industriously. Col.
Taylor presents himself every morning, to see that
matters are right, and to give orders, if necessary, for
the duties of the dav. Some of our men have been
192n REdlMENT. 91
taken to the Hospital, suffering from various maladies,
])rincipally fever. The Hospital is located on high
ground, the buildings enclosed by a high fence, and
kept in order with f<crui)ulous care. It contains some
seven hundred patients, among them are many of the
Invalid Corps. The grounds are about six acres in
extent, the buildings substantial frames. In one of
them resides the resident Surgeon, Dr. Lincoln
Stone, a physician highly spoken of by the men.
Our Surgeons have also opened an office in town
where the sick of a milder form are attended to.
Drs. Clark and Kirk are very faithful and attentive
in the discharge of their professional duties. They
also visit patients promptly in their tents whenever
called upon. Disease is produced by the changeable
nature of the climate added to the heavy river fogs.
At night it is cold and chilly, with heavy dews, and
during the day it is exceedingly warm. Having some
spare time, some of the men enagaged in catching fish.
Had Isaac Walton caught some of the fish that are
here brought to the shore, he would have gone but
once and then sought some other amusement. A hor-
rible-looking sturgeon abounds in these waters, and
one of them would have frightened a whole regiment
of English fisherman like Walton. This fish is fur-
nished w^th an immense shovel, which also answers for
its head. Underneath the shovel extend two feelers,
92 JOURNAL OF THE
some eiglit inclies in length, and its moutli, a round
orifice in the middle of the fish, is filled with circles
of moving muscles, which snap and twist Avith aston-
ishing vigor. On the top of the head, some four inches
apart, are two grey eyes, the incarnation of evil in
themselves. The rest of this fish tapers ofi" to a thin
point, with a fin at the tail larger than the tail itself.
Very fine catfish are also caught, and perch. A fishing
line 100 feet long, belonging to Mess ]^o. 1, Company
E, was hooked by some one unknown.
*'0h, for a lash in every honest man's hand,
To whip the rascal naked through the land."
Sunday, September 18. No fog this morning, and
a fine, bracing, health-inspiring atmosphere. Regi-
mental inspection of arms, accoutrements, and clothing.
Marched to Col. Taylor's quarters at 9 o'clock, and
from thence to the square, where Col. Thomas took
the command, formed the Regiment in proper position,
and commenced the inspection himself. It was a slow
yet thorough process : each man's knapsack inspected,
and, in cases of neglect, the owner was properly
instructed as to his duty in the premises. The Regi-
mental Drum Corps appeared to much advantage,
having new drums, new uniforms, and also one or two
new drummers. The band project seems to have been
given up, as we have heard nothing further concern-
192d regiment. 93
ing it. Three companies of the 183d Ohio Eegiment
assisted on guard to-day, which was a welcome relief
for the 192d. At close of day a violent storm arose,
and the rain descended in torrents. No damage what-
ever was done.
September 19. Col. Thomas in person, made an
inspection of his guard lines this morning. It seems
that, notwithstanding every precaution, some persons
manage to run guard into the country. There are
some men who cannot be restrained, and, in so large
a regiment as ours, it would be remarkable if these
were absent. They occasion a great deal of trouble
and annoyance. The leakage was discovered and
attended to. Col. Taylor this morning issued an
order requiring all the cooking to be done at the
company fires. There are several messes, in good
standing, and getting along finely, which must be
broken up if this order remains in force. The matter
will be properly represented to him, and possibly he
may rescind or modify the order.
September 20. A beautiful cloudless day. Last
evening the ^^ Forrest Va7ieties," the Concert Corps
previously referred to, made their first appearance on
the stage. The Hall was filled with a select audience
of ladies and gentlemen, — among them Col. Thomas
and his staff. The performance was much applauded,
and was a hit in all respects. The Ohio 183d left here
94 JOURNAL OF THE
last niglit for Columbus. Col. Taylor, tliis morning,
on application, generously modified liis order of yester-
day, requiring the messes to cook their rations at one
fire. This gives entire satisfaction to all parties.
September 21. It is apparent to the most careless
observer that autumn is making rapid and steady
approaches upon the domains of summer. The foliage
of the trees, the pale red of the fields, and the ripening
fruits of this region, the delicious paw-paw and the
persimmon, found in great abundance in the surround-
ing woodlands, prove to us in nature's own language,
that winter is at the door. Our cotton tents areproo^
against rain and dews, Avhile they afford no shelter
from cold. This important fact has developed itself
within the last few nights, and should we remain much
longer, some preparation will have to be made for better
protection. This morning, Capt. Snydee Leidy and
Benjamin Huckle, Esq., of Philadelphia, visited the
Eegiment and were cordially received. They were
accompanied on their rounds to the several companies
by Major M'Clintock and Adj. Eoney. Company E
was drawn up in line by Lieut. Vansciver, when a
more formal reception took place. Each of these gen-
tlemen delivered short and pertinent speeches, which
were received with cheers. They depart to their homes
with the good wishes of the Regiment. They accom-
panied Mrs. W. B. Thomas and daughters to this Post,
192d regiment. 95
who will sojourn here for a few days. The battalion
drill to-day was on the double-quick; it was well
performed. Lieut. Brook, of Co. E, an efficient and
capable officer, was presented with an appropriate song,
by a lady friend of the Regiment. The minstrels have
been singing it with great enthusiasm, and it is inserted
here, so that it may not be lost, and the donor remem-
bered : —
ONE HUNDRED DAYS' MEN.
You're wanted for one hundred days,
Be ready in one minute:
So Col. Thomas' order says,
There must be something fn it.
So farewell bub, good-bye sweet sis,
I have no time to tarry.
Yet time enough to catch one kiss
From thee, my darling Mary. — Chorus.
Ho lads ! nntackle from the plow,
Unharness all the horses.
Quick clap the saddles on them now
To join the Union forces.
Bear up my love, the signal gun.
How fast your heart is beating, —
Weep not to-day, the rebels run.
And Grant pursues them fleeting. — Chorus.
96 JOURNAL OF THE
To arms ; ye Guards, the Union calls
To aid in her salvation ;
Oh then arise 'ere freedom falls,
Arise and save the nation.
We rendezvous and organize
According to the order —
We march ! behold our banner flies
Beyond the Southern border. — Chorus.
Our officers are apt and kind,
The men are raw but willing ;
And should it meet our Colonel's mind,
Will go to rebel killing.
Will try to learn the soldier's ways,
Nor murmur at privation ;
And stay another Hundred Days
If this will save the nation.
We're wanted for a Hundred Days,
Be ready in one minute.
So Col. Thomas' order says.
There must be something in it.
September 22. The '' Forrest Varieties " gave
anotlier of their- popular entertainments last evening.
They have improvised a very good string band, which
answers all needful purposes. The town and store-
houses continue to be well guarded, and the soldiers
are somewhat more regarded by the people of the town
than they were on first acquaintance— the boys doing
192d regiment. 97
their work in admirable style. No liquor is sold to
the private soldier ; hence, if any one happens to turn
up drunk, it is clear that it is not one of these. The
battalion drill to-day was short and sweet. The boys
are improving in skill rapidly, and it cannot be long
before they will be perfect and qualified for any service
whatever, for which they will certainly "be ready in
September 23. Political discussion is gradually
finding its way into camp, causing some Httle feeling
occasionally but not of a violent type. The friends of
the peace party candidate are in such a woful minority
and know so little argument to sustain themselves,
that these are seldom heard. There is a vast majority
of the Regiment for Lincoln ajid Johnson. A great
many M'Clellan men at home have changed their
views here, and are now staunch Eepublicans. Occa-
sionally a wild Irishman is found who yells lustily for
M'Clellan, the only noise of the kind heard. This
latter class, and their name is few, are opposed to the
war, opposed to the administration, and, more espe-
cially, opposed to the negro, whom he imagines in his
ignorance, to be a competitor in the way of his wages.
How else can the ill-feeling which the low Irish show
towards the colored man be accounted for. They
cannot pass a colored man without insulting him,
forgetting that the same oppression which exists in
98 JOURNAL OF THE
Ireland and lias kept that people down, in ignorance
and misery, compelling them to fly to this asylum of
the down-trodden of all nations, has been visited to a
still greater extent upon the slaves of the South, and
even in the free North, Southern influence has reached
them to their disadvantage. It is not proposed to
enter into an argument here, for the purpose of showing
why the Irish should be the friend and not the enemy
of the slave, being content to state the fact that this
feeling on their part has been shown to a disgraceful
extent by the Irish in this Kegiment. There are
vague rumors of rebel marauders on the opposite side
of the river, who are said to be prowling about seeking
opportunities for mischief. There are scouts out who
promptly report all their manoeuvres. To catch them
in fair fight is impossible, and it is only when they know
that they have the advantage that they make an open
show, and then only at night.
September 24. A refreshing rain and storm of some
violence last night. The guards on duty were some-
what ducked, doing no other damage. A large mail
from home put everybody in good humor. Letters
and papers possess greater value than ever before.
To E. G-. Waterhouse, Esq., the writer tenders his
acknowledgments for valuable favors of this kind.
The papers he sent obtained a wide circulation, being
read until worn out,
19'2d regiment. 99
This afternoon the friends of M'Clellan and Pen-
dleton held a county meeting at the Court House
which was well attended, the major part of the audience
composed of soldiers, — Ohio and Pennsylvania men,
who did not sympathize with the purpose of the
meeting. Hon. Wells A. Hutchins, the Peace can-
didate for Congress was the only speaker on that side
of the question, and he bitterly attacked the admin-
istration and advocated the Chicago platform in a
lengthy speech. He was frequently interrupted by
the great clamor on the outside of the building, and in
the course of his remarks denunciatory of the war, he
was greeted with cheers for Lincoln and Johnson
by the soldiers, joined by some of the people. Col.
Thomas was sent for to restore order, and that gen-
tleman soon made his appearance and was invited to the
stand occupied by the speaker. Silence having been
obtained, Mr. Hutchins finished his speech. There
was then a general desire to hear Col. Thomas, and
by universal consent and invitation, he arose, and after
a few preliminary remarks, regretting the necessity
which called him to the meeting, and lest his presence
might be construed into an approval of its objects, he
proceeded in a logical, argumentative speech to review
the questions before the people, and so effectually was
this done that Mr. Hutchins could not and did not
reply, while the people, almost en 77iasse, vociferously
100 JOURNAL OF THE
endorsed the able speech which had fallen upon them so
unexjjectedly. The meeting adjourned in good order,
and no disturbance whatever occurred to mar the
happy effect produced.
September 25. A beautiful morning. The forests
and fields are arraying in rarest robes of scarlet and
gold, and unfolding their rich, variegated beauties of
foliage. At night, the air is exceedingly cold and
bracing, and at mid-day, old Sol. pours forth his
fiercest rays. The change is by no means unpleasant.
After inspection of arms and knapsacks, the boys took
to writing letters and going to Church. Camp cpiiet
and in serene repose.
September 26. Fine weather still continues. Took
a Eegimental vote hy companies on the Presidency.
Those only entitled to vote counted. Vote nearly
unanimous for Lincoln and Johnson, — 357 to 36. A
flying report that the Regiment had received marching
orders for Atlanta was started this morning. A lie
like a fish out of water, will soon struggle itself to
death, saith the maxim ; and this one had but a brief
existence. The Regiment is steadily performing its
allotted work, and both officers and men have evidently
improved in military knowledge under the strict dis-
cipline enforced by the Colonel. Court-]\Iartial has
nothing to do, a fact which speaks for itself.
September 27. The river rose five feet during the
192d regiment. 101
night. No rain in this region to add anything to the
vohime of water. The river frequently rises without
perceptible cause at certain points, caused by rains far
above. Farmers come pouring into town with wagon
loads of all sorts of country produce, such as wheat,
corn, oats, potatoes, apples, poultry, hides, and truck.
Potatoes $1 00 per bushel; apples, $1 00; poultry,
40 to 60 cents per pair ; butter, 45 to 50 cents per
pound. This is a productive agricultural country, —
some parts limestone. This article is not used as a
fertilizer. The soil is naturally rich and requires very
little manure. Hard usage and no rotation in crops
has already impaired its productive powers. The
principal portion of the land of each farm is devoted
to Indian corn, which rarely fails an abundant return.
The kind planted is known as the gourd corn, a very
good food for horses, but greatly inferior to the heavy
flint corn raised in Pennsylvania. The cattle are of
the finest in the country, and good beef abundant at
moderate prices. Horses lean and small sized, the
government agents having selected the best for army
use, so that wdiat is left to the farmer is fit for his
work only. It will require some years to restore
horse-flesh to what It was previous to the war. There
is not much attention paid to the swine stock. Pork
is scarce, and nearly all the farmers buy their bacon
at the stores, who procure their supplies from Cin-
102 JOURNAL OF THE
cinnati. Wool growing is regarded with more favor.
A flock of 80 sheep on a farm near town, gave evidence
of careful attention. They were a cross of the South-
down and Merino, having a fine and large fleece. The
sheep are of large size, very fat, and perhaps better
for mutton than wool. The farmers, generally, manu-
facture their own clothing from wool of their own
raising. Adj. Eoney was to-day appointed Post-
Adjutant, vice George Messer, resigned. Lieut.
Cunningham, of Co. F, is his successor.
September 28. Eained all night. Many of the
pickets and guards at distant posts, who were with-
out their gum blankets suff'ered severely. A store-
boat anchored in the river, nine miles below Gallipolis,
was captured by seventy -five guerrillas, — floated to the
Virginia shore, and the contents carried ofi", valued
at $1,500. This boat was taken to the shore every
morning, and the people supplied with dry goods and
such articles usually found in a well-stocked country
store. At night the boat was drawn into the stream for
safety, and anchored. The rebels approached shortly
after nightfall, drove the proprietor into the river,
who fortunately swam to the shore. No efibrt was
made to pursue the robbers ; thes.e are now quietly at
work on their farms, representing themselves as good
Union men, a trick resorted to by the noble chivalry
to avoid detection.
192d in'CiMKXT. 10:1
September 29. Eained all morning. Everybody
in good humor, notwithstanding the rain and mud.
Eations plenty and of excellent quality. No drills or
parades. Rained furiously towards evening, in the
midst of which a boat-guard of 15 men, 1 Sergeant
and 2 Corporals, under command of Capt. Wenrich,
with the usual rations, was sent on the Gen. Crook to
the Kanawha and Camp Piatt.
September 30. This morning Companies M, A, B,
F, D, L, and G, received marching orders for an
advance into Virginia, under the command of Maj.
C. W. M'Clintock. The battalion is five hundred
strong, and provided with five days cooked rations.
Their destination is Weston, West Virginia, a point
threatened by a considerable force of rebels. The
battalion was provided with 20,000 rounds of ammu-
nition, — 40 per man. Previous to their departure,
a handsome address was delivered to them by Col.
Tho:mas, in which he stated his regret that engage-
ments he could not postpone, compelled him to remain
at his Post, preventing him from accompanying them
to their new scene of duty. He further expressed full
confidence in the gallantry of the men and knew from
their past conduct, they would give a good account of
themselves. At 11 o'clock, the steamers '' Cottage"
and "Viola," cast off their lines on shore and steamed
rapidly up the river, — their decks alive with men.
104 JOURNAL OF THE
Those left behind are much chagrined over the for-
tune of war that prevented them from being with thii5
expedition into rebeldom.
Me. Stewart, the editor of the Gallipolis Journal,
in his columns reported the departure of the detach-
ment in the following complimentary terms : —
Seven companies of the 192d Pennsylvania Volunteers, left
this post for a point in West Virginia. Previous to their
departure, they were drawn up in front of Head Quarters,
where Col. Thomas addressed them. After thanking them for
their past attention to duty, and their marked improvement,
of late, in discipline and effectiveness, the Colonel expressed
his regret that the command should be divided, but added :
"Our country needs you elsewhere, and no personal feeling
should have place in our breasts, as we hasten to obey the
call of duty.
Let me hear of your good conduct on your way to your new
post, and after your arrival there. Our term of enlistment is
drawing to a close. I am now in correspondence with the
War Department on the subject of re-enlistment for a year.
I do not feel willing to go to my home while my country is in
need. And now when this accursed rebellion has reached the
death struggle, I hope you will feel with me an earnest desire
to 'be in when the fox is caught.'
The cheers with which the boys greeted these remarks,
showed plainly that they met with a hearty response.
We have already published extracts from leading Philadel-
phia papers, calling attention to the patriotism and devotion
of Col. Thomas.
192d regiment. 105
Here we see him tendering liis services for another cam-
paign. We wish that there were more office hokiers and
influential men to imitate him in liis love for country, and
his willingness to make any needful sacrifice for its safety.
We are informed that Col. Thomas has never accepted and
does not now accept, any compensation for his services in the
army. We say to all in similar circumstances, "Go and do
The tt^legrapli wires from this point to Charleston
were cut to-day by guerrillas, and they are reported in
force between the two points. Men ordered not to
leave Camp under any circumstances. Under march-
ing orders at short notice. All hands ready for the
October 1. The month opens drearily enough.
Incessant raining since 1 o'clock this morning, and
the wind cold, and piercing through every crevice of
our tents. Every one buoyant with hope for a speedy
order to march to the front. It is the first real fall
weather of the year. Do not look for anything else
just now. Last night unusual precautions were taken
in L!;uardin2: the arsenal and store-houses. Col. Thomas
is not the man to be caught napping at his post. Since
the capture of the floating store, almost within reach
of our guns, it would indeed be folly, and worse, to be
idle and careless. Scouts were detailed from each
company, who were stationed for miles a way from
106 JOURNAL OF THE
camp during the niglit. Farmers report guerrillas
within four miles of town, who visit them and then
disappear. There is a strong gang of them in West
Virginia, who have members in Gallia county. There
must be mischief brewing somewhere, and the sooner
it culminates into an outbreak, if such they intend, the
better. The expedition to Weston reached Clarksburg
to-day, and immediately left the place on a march of
23 miles to the point assigned it. The 3d Indiana
Kegiment was met on its way to the same place.
Sunday, October 2. Eained very hard nearly all
night, and the clouds still remain. Last evening at
8 o'clock, the boat guard, under Capt. Wenrich,
returned to camp. They report the presence of guer-
rillas along shore, who have committed various depre-
dations. A store at Goalmouth, on the Kanawha, was
emptied of its contents by them. The robbers were
pursued by a Gompany of Virginia Infantry stationed
in the vicinity, who killed one, captured five wounded,
and a number of horses. The gunboat returned from
her trip to Gincinnati, and immediately proceeded to
the scene of the conflict. A company of cavalry was
also brought from Gamp Piatt to Gharleston, to be
ready for any further service. This force is deemed
sufficient to disperse any guerrilla bands that may still
be in the neighborhood. The remaining force of the
192d is also waiting for orders in the event of further
192d regiment. 107
trouble. Great regret was felt by our men when it
became known that the rebels had skedaddled to parts
unknown. The Trumbull Guards, (Cheeseheads,) are
on guard at the store-houses. Our men on patrol.
October 3. Again commenced raining at an early-
hour this morning. Exceedingly disagreeable. Cloth-
ing becoming wet and foul. Patients' at Doctor's
quarters on the increase. All sorts of ailments, —
])rincipally chills and fever, and diarrhoea. Eiver
rapidly filling up. Streets and side-walks covered
with mud, and pools of water everywhere. Officers
and men still required to remain in quarters. Every
one waiting patiently for something to turn up. All
things wet except muskets, which are kept in blankets.
Maj. M'Clintock's command reached Weston this
evening, having marched 23 miles in a muddy con-
dition of the road. The knapsacks were carried on
October 4. The weather remains unchanged, and
we are pretty well accustomed to it in its present con-
dition. There is in addition, an impenetrable fog, as
though the clouds had fallen from their sphere and
settled upon the earth. The river is ten feet higher than
it was yesterday. Gen. Heintzelman has revoked his
order, No. 69, prohibiting the sale and transportation
of fire-arms and ammunition within his military dis-
trict. The General has also changed his base from
108 JOURNAL OF THE
Columbus to Wheeling. He has been relieved of his
command at Columbus by Maj. Gen. Joseph Hookee.
Gen. Heintzelman is greatly esteemed by the loyal
people of Ohio, where he has exercised a wholesome
power over the Vallandighamites, who have made more
than one belligerant movement. Guard duty very
unpleasant yet cheerfully performed, Steamljoats
actively employed transporting subsistence to our
armies south. Nothing further has been heard from
the guerrillas. They have retired to their holes,
awaiting a more favorable time for operations.
A new idea suddenly took possession of the minds
of the men to-day, which vibrated through all the
camps, to the exclusion of everything else. It was
that of home. Some one said that the Eegiment would
start for home on Thursday next, and each one asked
his neighbor whether he had heard of it. No decisive
answer could be given, which added perplexity to
doubt. Col. Thomas was asked on the subject, but no
satisfactory response could be elicited from him. Other
officers were sounded, with no better result, but the
men have unanimously decided, upon what grounds it
is hard to divine, that they are going home on Thurs-
day. Nous verrwis, as a defunct Eichmond editor was
wont to say. The rebels visited Weston one week
previous to the arrival of our troops there, and have
taken some 850,000 worth of merchandise and other
192d regiment. 109
property from the neighborhood, also a great quantity
of live stock ; a portion of which they were unable to
take with them, leaving them on the road. The cattle
resorted to the woods where they are running at large.
The woods in the vicinity of the Weston camp are full
of steers, hogs, and sheep ; some of them being appro-
priated to the use of the 192d, — the battalion being
deficient in supplies. In one day, eight steers, five
hogs, and a few sheep were slaughtered. Supplies
coming up, the cattle were spared from further assaults.
Maj. M'Clintock is iVcting Commander of the Post and
of all troops at or near Weston. Capt. Gray commands
the battalion, as Senior Captain. The town contains
about 500 inhabitants. Two companies of rebel infantry
were raised here at the beginning of the rebellion, and
the same number of Union men were raised. The town
presents a dilapidated appearance. The Eebs, in the late
raid, destroyed the largest portion of the town, pillaging
and emptying every store, leaving but little property
of any kind.
October 5. Cleared up finely this morning, and all
things military wear a cheerful aspect. Last night,
a troop of four hundred dismounted cavalry reached
here from Charleston. They found quarters for the
night in the government ware-houses, and will leave
to-day for some other post. The Forrest Varieties
colla^jpsed last night. The performances towards last,
110 JOURNAL OF THE
were not well sustained, and empty benches was the
result. Consequently, down it came, with a crash
that resounded through the streets of GaUipolis for
many hours afterwards. The business manager, it is
stated, on settling his accounts, found himself some
$13 in debt. The highest amount taken at the door
was $90, and several remunerative benefits were given
to individual members of the corps.
October 6. The usual morning shower was prompt
to the minute and it came down with a power that
would have convinced the antediluvians, that the pre-
dictions of Noah were to be fulfilled. The guards and
patrols have a hard time of it, and but few tents
escaped the flood. This was the day fixed upon by
general consent, for the advance movement towards
home. Nothing is now known of any orders, given or
to be given, to that eff'ect. All hands are again at sea
w^ithout compass or sails. The home influenza is sub-
siding as fast as it came, and faces look as cheerful as
ever. No disappointment can dampen the temper of
the officers and men, but all are patiently waiting for
something to come along that may require more active
attention. Men not on duty are supplied with books
and papers, and idleness, aptly called the devil's work-
shop, finds but little encouragement here. Virginia
and other Southern refugees make their appearance
daily, fresh from Jeff. Davis' crumbling dominions.
rJ2D REGIMENT. Ill
;Some of them are in destitute condition, and obtain
subsistence from tlie Post Quarter Master. The men
generally, wear the rebel uniform, and claim to have
been conscripted into the rebel service. A family
evidently in good pecuniary circumstances, with a
team of two horses, came to Gallipolis yesterday. In
the party were two sons who had made their escape
from the rebel army. The horrors of the rebellion can
never be justly described. The mountains of Virginia
are overrun with starving women and children whose
husbands and fathers are in the rebel service or dead;
and famine and disease stalk abroad at noonday, taking
thousands to their unknown and uncoffined graves.
Their houses are laid in ashes, — every living creature
gone, and their fields overgrown with weeds and brush.
Fire and sword has been visited upon these people by
friend and foe, and amid all they have nursed the vain
hope that their blackened Confederacy would triumph
over all. Finding the delusion they have cherished a
snare or a vision, they now fly from the destruction
created by themselves. Surely, the way of the trans-
gressor is hard. Cleared off this afternoon ; the sun
shining in all his splendor upon a wet earth, — not a
cloud in the sky to dim his rays.
October 7. The usual rain was omitted this morn-
ing — a fortunate circumstance, as our accoutrements
wer^ getting musty and rusty, and our cotton houses
112 Journal of the
became exceedingly damp and unhealthy. The gun-
boat ^' Alice" returned from her trip to Ironton, and
anchored in the stream. This town is garrisoned by
Company K, Lieut. Tyndale commanding. (A por-
tion of this company has been sent back to this camp.)
Eeports all below quiet. Those not on guard amuse
themselves in various ways^ — prominent on the role is
singing songs. This song is selected from the number,
for the reason that it has been sung in good style by
several, and is worth preserving, from the great mass
of trash that abounds : —
THE VOLUNTEER'S WIFE TO HER HUSBAND.
Don't stop a moment to think, John,
Your country calls — then go;
Don't think of me or the children, John,
I'll care for them, you know.
Leave the corn upon the stalks, John,
Potatoes on the hill,
And the pumpkins on the vines, John —
I'll gather them with a will.
But take your gun and go, John,
Take your gun and go,
For Ruth can drive the oxen, John,
And I can use the hoe.
I've heard my grandsire tell, John,
(He fought at Bunker Hill,)
How he counted all his life and wealth
His countrv's offering still. ^
l!i2n RECTMKN'T. 113
Shall we yliaine tlit* hravc old blodl, John,
That riowed on Monnfiouth Plain ?
No I take your gun and go, John,
If you ne'er return again.
Then take your gun and go, etc.
Our army's short of blankets, John,
Then take this heavy pair;
I spun and wove them when a girl,
And worked them with great care.
There's a rose in every corner, John,
And there's my name, you see ;
On the cold ground they'll warmer feel
That they were made by me.
Then take your gun and go, etc.
And if it be God's will, John,
You ne'er come back again,
I'll do my best for the children, John,
In sorrow, want and pain.
In winter nights I'll teach them all
That I have learned at school,
To love the country keep the laws,
Obey the Saviour's rule.
Then take your gun and go, etc.
And in the village church, John,
And at our humble board,
We'll pray that God will keep you, Jolin,
And heavenlv aid afford ;
114 JOURNAL OF THE
And all who love their country's cause
Will love and bless you too,
And nights and mornings they will pray
For freedom and for you.
Then take your gun and go, etc.
And now good-bye to you, John —
I cannot say farewell ;
We'll hope and pray for the best, John,
God's goodness none can tell.
Be his great arm around you, John,
To guard you night and day ;
Be our beloved country's shield.
Till the war has passed away.
Then take your gun and go, etc.
A boat guard of fifteen men, under Lieutenant
Allen, left camp this evening for Charleston. There
is a fresh arrival of refugees from Virginia, consisting
of men, women and children, all in a destitute and
wretched condition. They remain on the wharf,
where they have kindled a fire, cooking provisions
and drying their clothing.
October 8. A strong and cold Northern gale came
howling through the trees yesterday, literally cover-
ing the ground with leaves, which continued all night
and to-day. Camp fires in great demand, also blan-
kets and overcoats, the latter not so easily obtained.
r.)2D 11E(UMENT. 115
The guards and sentinels suliered nin('li,1)ul these are
happy as larks. The Grand Pv^ounds, at midnight, by
the officer of the day, lias not been seen for some time.
This may be owing to the inclemency of the weather,
or to the fact that that official is, with an occasional
honorable exception, too drunk to perform that duty.
Sunday, October 9. The inclemency of the weather
has considerably abated ; it is still cold, cloudy and
windy, with an occasional sprinkling of snow. The
usual Sunday morning inspection was speedily per-
formed. Everything was in satisfactory order. We
had the pleasure of hearing from the Battalion of the
regiment at Weston, which is in a fair position and in
close proximity to the rebels. They are under the
command of Gen. Kelly, of whom they speak in high
terms of praise. The writer says : " The Major was
kind enough to relieve us of our knapsacks, and had
them transported in Government wagons, for which
he has received the good will of all his men. There
was no straggling on the march. Encamped one mile
from town, between two high mountains. The com-
mand is on picket duty."
October 10. A clear, bri^-ht, bracinc; dav. The
companies have drawn overcoats, adding greatly to
the comfort of the men. This was done by order of
Dr. Clark, our highly esteemed Surgeon, who added
to his re(|uisition, "fur the healtli and comfort of the
116 JOURNAL OF THE
men/' and indeed he had a just appreciation of their
uncomfortable condition. Some political feeling in
camp. The friends of the armistice candidates held a
caucus — there are but few of them, probably a Corpo-
ral's Guard — what the caucus was for no one knows — •
probably for a free election or a free fight. The Lin-
coln men are quiet, and ready to vote without any
caucus. Every legal vote in camp will be polled. A
McClellan man, from Philadelphia, is now in town
with a trunk full of tickets, while our party have but few ;
he comes to look after the interests of his party. There
is also the regularly appointed State agent here, who is
provided with the Eegimental papers for the election.
A cruel hoax was perpetrated by some one unknown,
who forged the signature of a well-known member of
Company E, to a letter sent from Gallipolis to a family
in Philadelpjhia, stating that their son was dying in
the hospital, and, as his last request, desired to see
his mother. That lady, never suspecting the truth of
the letter, arrived here to-day, and found her son on
duty. Comment upon such a dastardly act is unne-
cessary. It is hoped the villain who perpetrated the
outrage will be discovered, and punished to the full
extent of the law. Col. Thomas left this morning to
see after the interests of his command abroad, and
will be absent for a few days. In the inteiim all will
be well in the hands of Col. Taylor.
192d regiment. 117
October 11. Election in State and camp. The
Mayor has issued, his proclamation closing all taverns
and groceries where intoxicating liquors are sold, and
none is to be sold or given to soldier or citizen under
severe penalties. The election in town and camp
passed off peaceably. In the evening, on ascertaining
tlie vote, HuTCHiNS defeated, and the Eegiment all on
one side, the boys got up a grand illumination, in the
shape of bonfires, at all the camps, wliich lighted up
the whole town, causing no little astonishment and
alarm to the citizens, who, up to this time, had never
beheld such a thing before. Among the fire-works
was a boat of considerable size, filled with combustibles,
to which a rope was attached. The men dragged the
burning mass through the principal streets, cheering
and yelling as they went. No accident occurred to
mar the festivities of the celebration. Some of the
boys also got oft' the following song with great eclat :
THE NEW BALLAD OF LORD LOVELL
Lord LovELL he sat in St. Charles' Hotel,
In St. Charles Hotel sat he,
As fine a case of a Southern swell
As ever you'd wish to see, see, see,
As ever you'd wish to see.
118 JOURNAL OF THE
Lord LovELL the town had vowed to defend :
A-waving his sword on high
He swore that his last ounce of powder he'd spend,
And in the last ditch he'd, die.
He swore by black and he swore by blue —
He swore by the stars and bars,
That never he'd fly from a Yankee crew
While he was a son of Mars.
He had fifty thousand gallant men,
Fifty thousand men had he,
Who had all sworn with him that they'd never surren-
Der to any tarnation Yankee.
He had forts that no Yankee alive could take ;
He had iron-clad boats a score,
And batteries all around the Lake,
And along the river shore.
Sir Farragut came with a mighty fleet,
With a mighty fleet came he.
And Lord Lovell instanter began to retreat
Before the first boat he could see.
His fifty thousand gallant men
Dwindled down to thousands six ;
They heard a distant cannon, and then
Commenced a-cutting their sticks.
*'0h! tarry, Lord Lovell!" Sir Farragut cried —
"Oh ! tarry. Lord Lovell!" said he;
*' I rather think not," Lord Lovell replied,
" For I'm in a great hurry."
192d regiment. 119
"I like the drinks at St. Charles' Hotel,
But I never could bear strong Porter;
Especially when it's served on the shell,
Or mixed in an iron mortar."
" I reckon you're right," Sir Farragut said,
"I reckon you're right," said he;
" For if my Porter should fly to your head
A terrible smash there'd be."
Oh ! a wonder it was to see them run,
A wonderful thing to see,
And the Yankees sailed up, without shooting a gun.
And captured their great citie.
Lord LovELL kept running all day and night.
Lord LovELL a-running kept he ;
For he swore he couldn't abide the sight
Of the gun of a live Yankee,
When Lord Lovell's life was brought to a close
By a sharp-shooting Yankee gunner ;
From his head there spouted a red, red nose —
From his feet a scarlet runner.
October 12. Eemoved the ashes and debris of the
celebration. No harm done to any one by the some-
what extravagant freaks of some of the performers.
Commenced raining again this morning. Guards to
their posts without inspection. Battalion drills and
dress parades discontinued. Reason — no men off duty
to drill or parade.
120 JOURNAL OF THE
October 13. Clear weather once more. Last
evening at 6 o'clock a cletacliment of 36 men, from
Companies E. and P. left camp for Virginia. The
expedition was under the command of Major Snyder,
Capt. Woodward of P. and Lieut. Hunter Brook of
E. The object of the expedition was to break up and
capture a gang of Eebs and Copperheads, who have
been running merchandise, clothing and medicines
through our lines to their rebel friends. Their rende-
vous is at a farm house, the owner of which is known
to be disloyal, (although he has taken the oath of
allegiance to the United States,) who has sons in the
rebel army, and a nephew being a prisoner of war
at Camp Chase. He is also in communication with
confederates on this side of the river. The party
reached the house about 9 o'clock in the evening.
They knocked at the door for admission, and after a
delay of half an hour, the door was opened. At the
same time considerable bustling was heard in the
upper story of the house, and on entering the chamber,
the occupants, five women, said to be daughters of the
owner, were found in bed, all of them claiming to be
sick. The gallantry and humanity of the Major
prevailed in their favor and they were not disturbed.
No doubt exists in the minds of the men that the
contraband goods were concealed in the beds occupied
by the w^omen. There were no men found about the
192d regiment. 121
premises. The negro huts were also searched, (the
negroes having run away at the outbreak of the war,)
but nothing was found. The expedition returned to
camp a few hours afterwards and measures have since
been taken to prevent any further blockade running
from that quarter.
Prof. Saunders, of Philadelphia, arrived in camp
last evening. Six men in government employ in the
store-houses, were discharged to-day. They were
found to be Copperheads or rebels in disguise. Let
Uncle Sam have men, loyal and true about him. A
council of war was held at Head Quarters this after-
noon to take into consideration Prof. Saunders' plans
for the re-enlistment of the men for one or more years.
The feeling is unanimous among the men not to re-
enlist without previous return home : At a vote taken
in several companies not a man was found willing to
re-enlist in the absence of a furlough for this purpose.
Since the above was written, a despatch was received
from Col. Thomas, who it appears, is in Washington
City, stating that a furlough to men re-cnlisting had
been granted by the War Department, and also that
the impending draft in Philadelphia had been post-
poned and the bounties continued for the benefit of
the Eegiment. This information was received with
cheers, and there is more feeling visible for a further
122 JOURNAL OF THE
continuance in the service. All hands are awaiting
the return of Col. Thomas.
October 14. The first business on hand was the
invitation from Dr. Saunders, to appear in the
square at 7 o'clock A. M., where he would lay his
plans open to the consideration of the men. Mr.
Saunders then commenced his remarks, in familiar
yet eloquent and dignified style, securing the attention
of all present for nearly two hours. He created a
favorable impression and many re-enlisted. The
107th Colored Kentucky Eegiment passed this post
to-day, stopping only a short time for rations, on their
way to the front.
October 15. The re-enlistment of the men is not as
brisk as was expected. A number of the best men
in the Regiment, however, have volunteered. In
Company E, twenty-five have given their names to
Lieut. Hunter Brook:. In some companies but few
have come forward. This morning Capt. Bohlen,
of Company K, was deprived of his sword, by order
from Head Quarters. He was officer of the Day
yesterday, a highly responsible and honorable posi-
tion. He, however, did not so regard it ; he became
intoxicated, and while in this condition he fell from
the horse he was riding, in his official capacity,
receiving in the fall a severe thumping of the head
which made some impression on his countenance and
192d reqtment. 123
causing the blood to flow freely. There are some
other officers who fall, from the same cause, without
being on horseback. It is superflous to mention their
names, for they are so well known that the faithful
and efficient need have no fears that they will be
classed among them.
For several days past teams have been taking to
the levee vast quantities of subsistence stores from the
store-houses on the square. Two of these buildings
have been emptied and but little hay remains, having
been taken for the use of our armies. A large wagon
train is collecting in the rear of the Arsenal, intended
for the transportation of provisions to the same desti-
nation. Col. Thomas reached Head Quarters this
evening. He was in the train next to the one cap-
tured by the Rebs on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
He accomplished all the objects of his visit to Wash-
ington. Prof. Saunders visited the several companies
at their quarters this afternoon, and was warmly
October 16. A beautiful day, although rather cool
and wind from the North. Camp fires popular and
in demand. Plenty of wood to keep them up. Large
numbers attended the various churches, morning and
evening. Evening service in the Methodist Church
by Rev. Dr. Saunders. He addressed the soldiers
after the congregation had been dismissed, in refer-
124 JOURNAL OF THE
ence to re-enlistment. Col. Thomas and the Pastor
also spoke briefly on the same subject. A special
detachment of a few men sent to Virginia, to make
observations during the night. They are accom-
panied by a scout who knows the country and people.
This is done to ascertain whether the marauders are
in force at their secret haunts. These have been
holding meetings and concentrating in companies for
some object which it is expected, will soon develope
itself. These men are regularly organized for at least
one hundred miles along the Virginia shore. They
have signals, by which three or four hundred men,
generally well mounted, can be summoned together
for any enterprise that may present itself.
A dress parade was ordered to take place this
afternoon at 4J o'clock. Col. Thomas formed the
battalion in mass, when he explained the object of his
visit to "Washington, which was, in brief, to obtain a
suspension of the draft at home for a few days, to
secure a furlough of 20 days for re-enlisting men, and
a continuance of the bounties, all of which had been
granted by the President and Secretary of War.
The men will have two days — until Tuesday evening
prox., at which time the allotted grace will expire.
The Colonel said, in substance further, that he would
cheerfully submit to the wishes of the men ; that if
they so desired he would yield the command of the
192d regiment. 125
new proposed Ptegiment to another, nor would he
decHne to lead them if such was their choice. This
declaration was received with three cheers and it was
expressed by every man present that they would
stand by Col. Thomas under all circumstances. Dr.
Saunders is very active in the performance of his
part of the duties, and many of the officers are also
doing the same. Re-enlisting, however, is not very
brisk, the men hesitating, and desirous of finishing
one contract before commencing another. A con-
siderable number hav^e re-enlisted to-day.
October 17. A severe frost last night — sunshine
all day. The contrast between night and day is
l)ecoming too interesting to escape remark. They
are two extremes in close proximity, producing a
variety of sensations in the human nerves. Colds,
chills, and fever, and kindred complaints are the result.
Ee-enlisting is going forward actively under the whip
and spur of competition for men among those aspiring
to commands, which is more pleasant to the officer
who secures men from a company other than his own,
than to him who loses them, getting none in return.
They say it will be all right in the morning. Hope so.
The guards presented a fine and soldierly appearance at
guard mounting. Capt. Weinrich, Officer of the Day.
The following note was handed to Col. Thomas this
morning and a copy transmitted to the War Depart-
12(j JOl'llNAL OF TlIK
merit, bv the gentlemen who have interested them-
selves in the matter :
To Col. Wm. B. Thomas, of 192d Regiment P. V.
Dear Sir. — We the undersigned citizens of Gallipolis, are
so much pleased with the presence of yourself, your officers
and the men of your command, that we earnestly hope that
the Regiment will re-enlist, and that the Government will
allow you to make our town your Head Quarters during your
term of service.
So highly do we appreciate the advantages which we have
derived from yourself personally, and from your Regiment in
With great respect,
J. G. Dannon, Mayor.
Wm. Waddell, Sheriff.
Rev. J. F. Williams, and 40 others.
There is a general and earnest desire on the part of
all classes of citizens of Gallipolis, for the Regiment to
remain here. Some have even volunteered to join the
Regiment. Only 13 men from Weston re-inlisted.
News on this subject from that quarter not very
encouraging. Major Snyder and Dr. Clark, started
for that place this morning, with instructions relating
to the formation of new companies for a year's
October 18. The re-enlisting of the men came to
a dead halt this morning. The result of yesterday's
1!»2d RECil.MKNT. 127
work was far from beinp; satisfactory. Tho returns
from Weston were also not what was expected. A num-
ber of the citizens of the town offered to enlist, but they
w^ere not accepted. All quiet in camp — men at their
posts "guarding the Union." The men have free
access to the country. The farmers are not molested
in the least and treat such of their visitors from this
Regiment, with great hospitality and kindness. The
face of the country bears a marked resemblance to
the coal regions of Schuylkill and Luzerne counties —
rugged, mountainous, and full of coal. With the
exception of the declivities and rocky portions, the
land can be cultivated, having a soil of great richness.
Coal, of a semi-bituminous nature is abundant in the
vicinity of the town, above water level, and is sold at
10 to 15 cents per bushel, delivered. There is no
limestone but a very fine rock, known as " Ohio
grindstone," a valuable stone for manufacturing and
building purposes. This toAvn is the outlet for the
mineral wealth of the district of country watered by
the Kanawha river. Tlie Kanawha is navigable for
steamboats and barges some 80 or 90 miles, the banks
on both sides lined wdth coal, coal oil, and salt works,
all of them productive. Large quantities of these are
shipped to market, and the supply is inexhaustible
and may be said to be but partially touched. North-
ern enterprise would develope mineral wealth in this
128 JOURNAL OF THE
valley, beyond computation, and such as would still
more astonish the world with our incalculable mineral
wealth. The night-mare of slavery has sat upon the
heart of this favored country, paralyzing every energy
and crushing all the impulses of manhood and civiliza-
tion, which have made the people of less favored
regions, rich, happy and prosperous. In 1862, this
valley was in possession of the rebels, some 20,000
strong, under the notorious and redoubtable Gen.
Henry A. Wise; but that General was defeated at
all points and was soon driven from the valley by the
Union troops. Since then predatory bands of rebels
have visited the region, stealing, burning, and
damaging the salt works and oil wells, to a very great
extent. A Eegiment of Colored troops passed up the
river to-day en route for the Shenandoah Valley, to
have and to hold the places captured by our Generals,
henceforth and forever.
October 19. Col. Thomas stated yesterday after-
noon, at dress parade, that the project of raising seven
hundred men had been abandoned, and that he would
return with the 192d Eegiment to Philadelphia.
Prof. Saunders presented himself at aU the camps,
offering an additional bounty of $2,000 for a company
of 80 men. But one company of 80 men has thus
far been organized. It is called the " Thomas
Guards," commanded by Capt. M'Cleister. The
li)'2D REGIMENT. 129
Captains of the unsuccessful companies liave sus-
pended operations for the present, to be resumed as
soon as possible, in Philadelphia, either for the State
service or for the regular army, as may be required.
October 20. This morning at 8 o'clock the com-
mand assembled in the public square pursuant to an
invitation from Prof. Saunders, the indefatigable, who
it was said, had a new proposition to submit to the
consideration of the men. Our friend soon presented
himself and announced that he now proposed to raise
a second company of 80 men, or more, upon the same
terms that were offered and accepted by Company
No. 1.— that he had the same amount, viz:— $42,000
ready for the new organization. The speaker then
passed into rapid review of the position of our armies
and the prospect of speedily crushing the rebellion.
He spoke of Maryland — our Maryland, as a free State,
as one of the grandest results of the war, and that it
was accomplished by the votes of the soldiers. The
speech was an eloquent one ; in a short time after-
wards forty men enrolled themselves, with Capt. Coon
as their officer. At noon a squad of twelve did the
same, and before evening closed the company was full.
The good order existing in all the departments of
the Post for the last four or five weeks, and the strict
observance of orders which prevailed so satisfactorily
was interrupted flagrantly last evening by Sergeant
130 JOURNAL OP THE
James N. Smith, of Company I. who was the princi-
pal actor in a breach of the peace, which came near
terminating the life of a Constable of the town. Smith
had become intoxicated, and at one of the hotels with-
out any provocation, drew his revolver, and com-
menced firing upon the crowd. One of the balls struck
the Constable in the forehead, inflicting a dangerous
and painful wound. The offender was roughly han-
dled before he could be subdued, and was himself
severely cut about the head and face. Great indigna-
tion was felt by all at the atrocious conduct of this
man, and he was by request of the civil authorities,
transferred to them by Col. Thomas for trial. The
foUoAvinac order in reference to re-enlisted men was
issued this afternoon : —
SPECIAL ORDER, NO. 20.
Head Quarters, 192d Reg't Pa. Vols.
Gallipolis, October 20, 1864.
In pursuance of Special Order No. 153, Commanders of
Companies are notified that all enlisted men of the 192d Pa.
Vols., who have re-enlisted will be excused from duty with
their respective companies. Captains having such men in
their commands will immediately make out full sets of dis-
charge papers for the purpose of facilitating the muster of
BENJ. L. TAYLOR,
Lieut. Colonel Comnd'g RegH.
192d regiment. 131
To-day the Regimental officers were absorbed in the
closing of the accounts incident to the Post, prepara-
tory to our departure from the place. No visitors at
Head Quarters were admitted. The reduction of force
caused by the organization of the two companies has
fallen rather heavily upon the remaining portion of the
garrison. Non-commissioned officers are improvised
from the ranks, to supply deficiencies, and the soldiers
have little respite from active duty. This morning a
card appeared in the two newspapers of the city,
under the signature of our Regimental officers. The
thanks of the Regiment to the /citizens of Gallipolis
are not unmeaning words, but express truly the sen-
timents of all, for the generous courtesy they have
shown to the entire command, from the time of our
arrival until our proposed departure. It may be
remarked too, that the majority of the people possess
cultivated refinement and education, such as is but
rarely found in communities so closely allied to the
withering and blasting influences of slavery, that insti-
tution having flourished, and it only, within sight of
the town. Here, let it be said, no man or women is
ostracised and stigmatized as a mud-sill, a greasy
mechanic or a dirty farmer, because engaged in these
useful and honorable pursuits. This injustice and
usurpation was the work and the boast of a few wealthy
slave-owners, who derived all their ill-gotten gains
132 JOURNAL OF THE
from the unpaid labor of their slaves, and who had
reduced all white men around them to the degraded
condition of the slave. This practice is drawing to a
violent close. A new order of affairs is being inaug-
urated, and there is no town in the country more to
be benefitted by the change than Gallipolis. It will
be at the head of the onward and upward movement
as soon as the war closes, opening a new country, a
new people, and a new market for the manufactures,
the enterprise and the enlightenment so firmly and so
wisely established here. It is on the border, with light,
virtue, and religion on one side — darkness, death, and
tyranny on the other. The victory is on the side of
light and the wrongs of centuries pass away forever.
It is with pleasure that this card is entered upon the
Journal of our Eegiment : —
The term for wliicli the 192d Reg't Pa., Vols, was accepted
by the Secretary of War, will soon terminate. It is probable
that within a few days, an order relieving us, will be received.
We feel unwilling to leave Gallipolis, without an expression
of gratitude to its citizens, for many favors received at their
hands, and many evidences of kind feeling shown by them.
Before we reached the Post, and while we were really suffer-
ing from a scantity of Commissary stores owing to the inclem-
ency of the weather and heavy condition of the roads, the
kindness of one man, Wm. H. Laxgley, whose munificent
liberality has so justly earned for him, the name of the "Sol-
192d regiment. 133
dier's Friend," was manifested, and the wagon load of fresh
bread and ginger bread sent out to us by him, will not be
soon forgotten by our men. Since our arrival the same spirit
has been evinced. The favorable opinion expressed by many
of you on several occasions in regard to our Regiment, are
especially gratifying as they afford a pleasing contrast to the
expressions of dissatisftiction so often heard, wlien a hungry
soldier appropriates to his use, an apple or an ear of corn.
We will ever bear in grateful recollection, the many kind-
nesses shown to us, during the period of our military services
at the Post of Gallipolis.
On behalf of the officers and men,
WM. B. THOMAS, Colonel.
BEN J. L. TAYLOR, Lieut. Colonel.
CHAS. W. McCLINTOCK, Major.
irENRY J. SNYDER, Major.
JAMES B. RONEY, Adjutant.
ISAAC J. CLARKE, Surgeon.
RICHMOND M. KIRK, Assist. Surg,
ABRAM M. BARD, Assistant Surg.
JOHN J. FRANKLIN, Q. M.
October 21. The marauders in Virginia are again
preparing for action. They have been reinforced by-
deserters and stragglers from Eaely's army, and
are in strong force, though thoroughly disorganized.
This Regiment cannot and will not move an inch from
the possession of this place, at present, or until ade-
quate troops are sent for its relief unless for the pur-
pose of pursuins; the robbers. Great activitv in camp
134 JOURNAL OF THE
and every man on duty. The machinery moves with
the regularity of clock-work. The citizens regret the
inability of the Regiment to remain with them for a
longer period. Hope it will return after a short stay
in Philadelphia. Fresh beef every day in addition to
all the other allowances. ISTo disorders of any kind
have occurred or are likely to occur. A large stern-
wheel steamer came down the Kanawha, laden with
2,000 barrels of coal oil, to be taken to Louisville, for
refining. This boat makes weekly trips to and fro ;
the business is remunerative and the introduction of
Northern men, capital and enterprise will make this
one of the richest, if not the richest region of the world.
Slavery has kept all these vast resources, the bountiful
gifts from the hands of Providence, in their primitive
obscurity, contenting itself with working the soil on
the surface to death with unpaid labor, while the still
more valuable product was neglected and remained
October 22. Fitful changes of the weather with
increasing cold. This morning it commenced snowing,
covering the ground to some depth, the snow remain-
ing for some hours. Last night Company K. arrived
at this camp, having been re-called from Ironton,
where they had been stationed for the last six weeks.
They brought the mournful intelligence of the death of
their commanding officer, Lieut. V/illiam C. Tyndale,
192d regiment. 135
of Company B., who had been detailed by Col. Thomas,
to the command of Company K. and of the Post at
Ironton, vice Capt. Bohland. The circumstances of
his death are extremely painful; that one who had
often perilled his life in the front of battle, and who
had distinguished himself in the service of his Country,
winning the confidence of his superior officers in all
stations, and by none more so than Col. Thomas,
should have passed away by drowning, is deeply
regretted by all. It appears that about 5 o'clock
yesterday afternoon he embarked his command on
board the steamboat, to bring them to this post.
There was some disorder on board the vessel, about
9 o'clock in the evening, and in passing down the gang-
way leading from the cabin to the lower deck, to
ascertain the cause of the confusion, he is supposed to
have walked into the river from the front of the step
landing. A cry for aid was heard from the stern of
the boat, which was the only intimation of the acci-
dent to those on board. The boat was instantly
stopped, plank and rope were thrown in the direction
of the voicC; but all failed in rescuing him from a
watery grave. Thus has a brave and an accomplished
officer, a public spirited citizen and a devoted suppor-
ter of his country, fallen in the discharge of his duty
confided to him by his commanding officer. Lieut.
Tyndale was too, a meritorious officer in this war.
13G JOURNAL OF THE
He e^nlisted in Col. E. D. Baker's California Reoi-
ment in 1861. Was in tlie battle of Ball's Bluff,
where lie was taken prisoner and carried to Pviclimond.
After beino; exchano-ed lie continued in tlie service
until his term of enlistment had expired. During this
time he was in nearly all the battles under M'Clellan,
BuRNSiDE and Hooker. His gallantry and capacity
entitled him to promotion in the service, but he
retired to his home in Philadelphia for a brief period,
to recruit his health, seriously impaired by the arduous
duties in which he had served. When Col. Thomas
was organizing his Begiment, during the critical
period of Early's intended advance from the Shenan-
doah valley into Pennsylvania, with an army estimated
at thirty or forty thousand rebels, he at once took an
active part in organizing a Company for the Begi-
ment. This morning a boat Avas dispatched with a
detachment of soldiers on board, to the place in the
river where the accident is said to have occurred, for the
purpose of endeavering to recover the body. Although
Lieut. William C. Tyndale has passed from earth,
he has left a proud legacy behind him of devotion to
his country in this her last and deadly struggle with
the enemies of liberty, of laAV, and of free government.
His name is among the few immortal names, that
were not born to die, to be cherished and made brighter
as succeeding generations shall pause and ponder over
192d regiment. 137
the sacrifices of life and treasure laid upon the altar
of our country by her devoted children.
The second Company of re-enlisted men, under
Capt. Coox which had attained the full complement,
was disbanded yesterday evening, so that there is but
one company remaining. The cause is found in the
fact that the organization was too late to come under
the call of the President and would not be entitled to
the bounty. Prof. Saunders returned to Phila-
delphia, delighted with the cordial welcome extended
to him by citizens and soldiers, but not well pleased,
it is feared, with his partial success in forming a new
Regiment here. He will still persevere in his noble
and arduous work, and we trust we shall welcome
him amongst us in Philadelphia.
This evening orders came from Head Quarters, to
inspect arms for service. This duty was accordingly
performed, and the arms found in serviceable condition.
The companies were also ordered to be ready for duty
at a moment's notice. The rumor most credited, in
the absence of anything definite, was that the rebels
had made demonstrations against our post at Ironton,
and were hovering in that vicinity. Men very impa-
tient for the order to advance, — the more anxious
sleeping on their arms, their blankets folded, and their
boxes filled with cartridges.
October 23. This morning it is stated on good
138 JOURNAL OF THE
authority, a despatch was received from Gen. Hooker^
requesting the troops here to remain. All hands said
Amen, and so it is. Although the expiration of the
term of enlistment is at hand, there is determina-
tion on the part of all to remain, and if need be, fight
it out wherever our Colonel may order. On the look-
out for further information on this subject. Reports
still prevalent of rebels intending an attack upon some
exposed point. Various plans are concocted to head
them off, all of Avhich will be settled in due time by
orders from the proper quarter.
Lieut. McCarthy, of Company K, Lieutenant of
the Guard to-day, in running his whiskey machine,
came to an abrupt halt in his wild career this after-
noon. The Colonel requested his presence at Head
Quarters, to explain the ground upon which he (the
Lieutenant) had released from the guard-house, one
of his companions in confinement for drunkenness and
disobedience of orders. M'Cartpiy was too much
intoxicated to give an intelligible explanation of his
conduct, when a Corporal was summoned who soon
divested the officer of sword and sash. Thus has the
cup, the worst enemy of the soldier, brought another
victim to grief.
October 24. Information was received last night,
that the rebels in considerable force, under command
of the well-known Capt. Thurston, were prowling
192d RKCl.MHNT. 189
about tliL' iieiL;hl)orlu)0(l of Guyaiidotte, and the force
stationed at that town not being deemed yiitiieient,
Col. Thomas placed himself at the head of Companies
P, C, and N, and started this morning at 8 o'clock, on
the gunboat '' Alice" for that place. Major Snyder
also accompanied the expedition. Guyandotte is a
small town, some forty miles below this Post, on the
river, and is garrisoned by a small force of New York
Volunteers. Those who were not called upon to go
with Col. Thomas feel themselves slighted, and had
not profanity been abandoned, some of those who have
heretofore indulged in the practice, would have found
vent to their disappointment in that kind of blowing.
To-day some anxiety was manifested as to the orders
for the departure of the Pvcgiment. Some asserted
that marching orders had been received, to which
others, of the incredulous kind replied, that '' this
powder has been shot off before." The battalion at
Weston, having performed all the duty required of
them by Gen. Kelly, and there being no further
demand upon them, struck tents and took up the line
of march for Clarksburg, — 23 miles, which point was
reached in seven hours' hard marching, where the
battalion encamped, awaiting further orders.
October 25. A dense fog hung the heavens in
black for many hours of the morning. Towards noon
the sun dissipated the Egyptian vapor, making all
140 JOURXAL OF THE
hands cheerful and happy for the rest of the day.
The guards who are exposed to this fog all night, are
in an extremely uncomfortable situation. The
''Trumbull Guards," vulgarly called " Cheeseheads,"
assisted in guarding to-day, and their Captain, Smith,
was Officer of the Day. These guards have very
comfortable quarters, frame houses, furnished with
stoves and articles of household furniture, all kept in
elegant order. We have as yet no tidings from the
expedition to Guyandotte. The guard on the Gen.
Crook, to Charleston and camp Piatt, commanded by
Lieut. Vansciver, nine men from Company E, and six
from Company H, are now on board.
Death comes unbidden into our ranks, and sweeps
away our brigh tests jewels. True it is, in the decease
of our young friend Edward F. Taylor, that death
loves a shinino; mark. This vouns; man died on Mon-
day evening at 9 o'clock, regretted and mourned by
his entire Regiment. He was too good, manly and
brave : too gifted in mind and generous in thought to
have an enemy. All loved him who came to know
him. He joined Company E, among the first, and
having a knowledge of the music required for that
branch of the service, he was appointed Drum Major
of the Regiment by Col. Thomas. In this position he
was ever at his post, ever mindful of the welfare of
his youthful comrades, and to the last anxious to per-
192d regiment. 141
form his allotted .share of duly. Edward F. Taylor
was an example to his companions, and one too, which
will he ever green to those who loved him when living
and revere his memory in death.
His disease was typhoid fever ; he was in the 18th
year of his age : and had he lived, a bright and honor-
able future would have been his destiky. Company
E, attended his remains to the boat for Philadelphia,
as a funeral escort.
To his parents the loss of their son is irreparable.
The father of the deceased, when the disease assumed
a dangerous form, was sent for, and he arrived in
time to attend to his noble son in his dying moments.
It is a consolation for him to know, that during his ill-
ness he was tenderly cared for and the best physicians
were summoned to his side ; but all their skill was in
vain. Thus it is that, in the midst of life we are in
death. The bloom of youth mantled his cheek ; high
prospects of usefulness to society and to his country
appeared to him in the future ; but all these hopes and
honorable aspirations are hushed forever by the
unsparing hand of death. He still lives in the hearts
and memory of all who loved and knew him best, and
by those who will cherish his virtues as an example
more precious than fine gold.
October 26. This day completes the Eegimental
term of enlistment for One Plundred Days. No orders
142 JOURNAL OF THE
have yet reached Head Quarters relieving the Regi-
ment. Officers and men are willing and ready to
comply with more than what was nominated in the
bond, as long as necessity may require. As long as
Col. Thomas is in pursuit of the rebels, and perhaps
longer, it is admitted all around, that that necessity
exists. The men are also willing to serve until relieved,
if they have to stay all winter ; at noon while the men
were talking over the chances of the absent detach-
ment. Col. Thomas and his command returned from
Guyandotte, on board the '' Alice." At this place he
scoured the country in every direction in search of
the marauders, but these thieves and murderers hear-
ing of his approach marched off and fled, to seek some
more favorable opportunity, or to attack a less guarded
Owing to the presence of considerable bodies of
desparate bushwhackers on the Kanawha, supposed
to be the same that threatened Guyandotte a few days
ago, the transport Gen. Crook was detained to-day,
for the purpose of receiving a battery, and to have
her decks made shot proof, as far as circumstances
will admit. Some fifty bales of hay were arranged on
the upper deck, leaving space between each to fire
throu2:h. These form a first-rate breastwork. A
battery of the 1st Virginia Artillery, eight pieces, 6
and 12 pounders, rifled, iron and brass howitzers, 80
192d regiment. 143
men and 125 horses, with caissons and full equipments,
were taken on board the transports the Gen. Crook,
and the Victress, en route for the Kanawha. These
boats having also large quantities of ammunition and
stores on board, were very deeply laden.
Yesterday a grand fight took place some thirty
miles south of Gallipolis, at a small post on the
Ohio river called Winfield. This Post was garri-
soned by a Company of forty New York Cavalry.
The guerrillas dismounted some distance from the
frame houses occupied by the Union men, and
advanced upon the pickets, who were captured, owing
to the darkness. The men in the houses however,
hearing the noise of approaching footsteps, quickly
arose from their sleep and met the enemy with a
volley within twenty paces. Some were killed,
wounded, and captured. The Kebs gave one strag-
gling volley in return and then fled, taking with them,
we regret to say, thirty of our cavalry horses, and
October 27. The Gen. Crook, convoying the Vic-
tress, left Gallipolis this morning, at 2 o'clock and
reached Leon, seventeen miles above, at 6. The
Victress had also in tow two barges, loaded with
cannon, caissons, and horse equipments of the Artillery
Company. The whole were landed at this poiiit. On
board of this boat was also a detachment of one hun-
144 JOURNAL OF THE
dred men under command of Capt. David E. Wen-
mcH, of Company E, and Lieut. Jamieson, artillery
support in its march to Charleston, the whole under
command of Capt. Fuese, of the Artillery, who was
detached from Gen. Sheridan's army for any emer-
gency that might occur in this valley. They were to
march twenty miles to-day, to Eed House, where they
would be relieved by an infantry support from Charles-
ton. The Kanawha at many places is very wide and
shallow, and although the Gen. Crook draws but
36 inches the bottom is frequently touched ; but the
boat passes over aU shallows easily, having powerful
engines to overcome all obstacles to her onward pro-
gress. The Eebs are reported to have made their
appearance in the valley, committing various depre-
dations. Every man on board is armed with a rifle,
and, should any of them fire upon our boat, we are
prepared to give them a warm reception in return.
Capt. Wexrich, should he encounter them, will give
a good account of himself. He is an energetic, brave,
and competent officer, and one who will do all that is
expected of him. His men too, are true as steel, as
would be shown, should opportunity offer.
The fight at Winfield on the night of the 25th, was
more important and disastrous to the rebels than first
information led us to suppose. The rebels were 460
strong, under the command of a desperate marauder,
192d regiment. 145
Philip Thurston, a wealthy planter ; (if the posses-
sion of human live stock can be called wealth,) which
stock has abandoned its owner, and is now free ; his
farm, in size several thousand acres, is near this place.
At first fire Thurston was wounded so severely that
he died at daylight. The battle lasted an hour, the
rebels riddling the frame houses with bullets, injuring
only one man. They formed under the bank of the
river, and on emerging they received another volley,
knocking over several of them, when the whole party
skeddadled. Among the prisoners was the brother of
Thurston, an ignorant ill-looking cuss. The prisoners
were placed on our boat at Winfield, for passage to
Charleston, in charge of the 7th N. Y. Cavalry.
This band of guerrillas was the same that threatened
to attack the small garrison at Guyandotte. The
rapid movement of Col. Thomas, with loO of his
infantry to that point, prevented Thurston from effect-
ing his purpose. That wily rebel, aware of the
approach of our forces, and supposing himself greatly
outnumbered, at once retreated and marched upon
Winfield. There he was defeated and killed. Eeached
Charleston at 7 P. M., discharged cargo, and imme-
diately left for Camp Piatt, ten miles further,
arriving there at 9, where we remained an hour,
returning to Charleston, remaining until morning.
The battalion encamped at C]ark?^burg, under Major
146 JOURNAL OF THE
McClintock, struck tents to-day, en route for Phila-
October 28. Eained very fast nearly all night,
causing considerable rise in the rivers. The town of
Charleston is built upon a high bluff; population about
800 — buildings neat and of modern construction.
There is a sprightly Republican newspaper published
here. Before the war a newspaper advocating Eman-
cipation would have been pitched into the river, and
the editor along with it. Now, as one of the most
important results of the rebellion, free press, free
speech, and freedom generally, not heretofore enjoyed
in this part of the world, are no longer under the
heel of the slaveholders. His power over the minds
and souls of this people has departed from him, never
to return. If there were no other results of this war,
these achievements would compensate for all we have
suffered. '' One day, one hour, in the enjoyment of
virtuous liberty, is worth a whole eternity in bond-
age." So wrote our Revolutionery fathers, and never,
until now, have the Virginians known the force and
the truth of the sentiment.
But, this is not all that has been accomplished in
the brief period of four years; our free institutions are
more firmly founded than ever before, and they will
go down to posterit}^ no. longer defiled by slavery, and
instead of being alb slaves, (white and black,) they are
19-2d regiment. 147
all free, — lliey and lln-ir ])0.stonty liencefonvard for-
ever. xVll this tlie war of Independence failed to
accomplish. It remained for a later period to com-
plete the work commenced by Washington, Jefferson,
Madison, and a host of other great men who acknow-
ledged the magnitude of the evil, — the enormity of its
injustice, but who were powerless for its destruction.
They proclaimed liberty throughout all the land, and
unto all the inhabitants thereof. It is now on the
point of fulfilment : —
" My native country ! thee :
The land of the noble free,
Thy name I love."
Since the loth of August, three hundred and fifty
rebel deserters delivered themselves up at this and
other posts along the Ohio and Kanawha rivers. These
hail from Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky and
Georgia. All of them have taken the oath of allegiance.
Some of them have been officers in the rebel service ;
many of higher rank than they were willing to admit ;
also, one hundred and twenty-five prisoners, mostly
bushwhackers. Of these, fifty or more per week are
Left Charleston this morning at 9 o'clock, A. M.,
'he current accelerating the speed of the boat several
knots an hour. On arriving at Red House, 22 miles
148 JOURNAL OF THE
above Leon, we perceived Capt. Wenpjch's detachment
of one hundred men on the bank of the river, awaiting
the approach of the boat. He had marched the distance
the day previous in seven hours, and although covered
with mud and water, the men were in capital spirits,
and capable of the same march to-day. The entire
party was landed at Gallipolis at 5 o'clock this after-
noon, having performed the duty assigned them.
The Steamer Gen. Crook is chartered by the Gov-
ernment, being one of the finest boats on the river, —
commanded by Capt. C. H. Wheelek, a gentleman
singularly well qualified for the post he fills. During
our stay in his charge, the utmost hospitality was
extended to the ofiicers and men, and the Government
is fortunate in having him at a post of so much import-
ance. His boat w^as captured by guerrillas last spring,
and burned to the water's edge. The hull was unin-
jured. Gen. ScAMMON,* on board at the time, w\as
captured. The Eebs boarded the Crook at night, and
ow4ng to the darkness, they were not perceived until
they had seized the engineer and in possession of all
the passages on the boat. After the rebels had left,
Capt. Wheeler extinguished the fire — saved the hull,
so that after re -construction, his steamer was good as
* This oflBcer was sent to Richmond, afterwards to Charleston,
and placed under fire in a part of the city exposed to the shells from
our batteries. He was exchanged a few days ago, and is now in
command of a battery firing upon the city.
192d regIxMent. 149
new, and has continueJ performing valuable service
on the river. Should the rebels try the same thing
now, there would not be as much laughing in Camp-
bellstown as there was on their first attack.
Lieut. Col. Hall, of the 13th Virginia Cavalry, who
was killed at Winchester, in a recent battle at that
place, was buried with military honors to-day, at
Pleasanton, 11 miles above Gallipolis. The detail to
the funeral was Companies C, H, E, and P, under the
command of Lieut. Col. Bexj. L. Taylor.
This morning a squad of men was sent down the
river to continue the search for the body of Lieut.
Tyndale, accompanied by the brother of the deceased,
who arrived here from Philadelphia yesterday.
October 29. No fog, — clear sunshine all day. The
boat-guard to Camp Piatt consisted of Lieut. Griffee,
of Company C, and 15 men. Last night. Major
Snyder, Capt. Woodward, and a detachment of men
proceeded into the country some three miles, in the
vicinity of our old camp-ground, on the Portland road,
and captured two men, — Nelson Fletcher, Sr., and
Nelson Fletcher, Jr., — father and son, who, it is
alleged, on good and sufficient evidence, are connected
with the gang of bushwhackers who were driven from
Guyandotte by Col. Thomas, and who met with defeat
at Winfield. They are also charged with horse-stealing,
and the son is known as a spv, for whom our troops have
150 JOl'RXAL 0^ THE
been looking for, and after whom anxious inquiries have
been made since the war began. He was home to
recuperate his health, which had given way under his
late arduous duties, and he w^ould probably not have
been captured but for this circumstance in his career.
He is said to be the most expert spy the rebels have
in their employment in this section of country, and it
is to be regretted that he was not sooner caught.
These marauders have a dodge of their own which
renders their capture exceedingly difficult. They are
known to be some eight hundred strong, whose opera-
tions extend for nearly tw^o hundred miles on both sides
of the Ohio and Kanawha rivers. They can readily
concentrate one-half or the whole of their force at short
notice, and w^henever they may find a place unguarded
or a store to plunder. In the day-time, they are at
home in the garb of obsequious and inoffensive farmers,
■while at night they assemble, armed wath rifles and
revolvers, — well mounted on fine, fresh horses, robbing
and murdering Union citizens. If these men were
hung as fast as they are taken, many valuable lives
w^ould be saved, and there w^ould be no necessity of
keeping two or three regiments scattered over the
country to Avatch them. Their game ought to be
brought to a speedy close.
There is an order from general Head Quarters,
under the signature of Gen. Hooker, dated October
1J->2d ue(-;i.mext. 151
2G, relieving this Regiment, and two companies of
three-year veterans are understood to have left Colum-
bus for this place. We are making preparations to
leave for home !
This afternoon there was considerable bustling at
the steamboat landing, caused by the arrival of a fresh
load of eighty refugees from the old State of Virginia,
and also from North Carolina. They are all males,
and the most ill-looking, harem-scarem set of creatures
that could be imagined. To say that they are ragged
and torn, lean and hungry as Cassius, is hardly doing
justice to these knightly specimens of the once Old
Dominion. These men had evidently been in the rebel
army, and not liking to come as deserters, presented
themselves in the less repidsive form of refugees. If
true, they weathered the privations of their situation
with wonderful endurance. Some of them look too, as
if they had in the prime days of Southern domination,
whipped Northern school mistresses, cropped the ears
of Yankee Professors, and stolen Northern papers and
letters from the mails, and in more recent days, set fire
to the houses of Union people. On the sam(3 landing
can be seen three or fotir families of genuine refugees,
women and helpless children, without shelter, in the
open air, whose male protectors have volunteered or
have been forced into the rebel army. The condition
of these sufferers and strangers, is truly heart-rending.
152 JOURNAL OF THE
The charity of the people here seems to have been nearly
exhausted upon the number flying from rebel tyranny
and starvation. All the food they have is what is
doled out to them by the Post Quarter Master. Their
sufferings in the future, unless compassion is taken
upon them, will be great indeed. Not one-quarter
the horrors of this wicked rebellion will ever be known,
especially that inflicted upon helpless women and inno-
This evening an order came to the several companies,
officers, &c., to prepare for an advance movement home-
wards, and to the cooks, to prepare five days' rations.
The camp-fires are now burning brightly, giving the
landscape a very picturesque appearance.
Lieut. John F. Snyder, appointed Acting Adjutant
of the Regiment, vice Lieut. Cunningham, resigned,
was to-day relieved by Lieut. Eoney. In General
Orders, issued by Lieut. Col. Taylor, relieving Adj.
Snyder, he speaks in complimentary terms of the
faithful performance of duty while the Adjutancy was
in charge of the latter officer.
October 30. A great many officers and men have
gone to church. The Hospital Guard has been with-
drawn. This morning, two companies of the 37th
Iowa, who will relieve the 192d Regiment, reached
here. They are veterans, in every sense of the term,
none of them being under 45 years of age. They are
1^2d REGIME-NT. 153
last from Columbus, Ohio, and under the command of
Major Lehman Allen, to whom the Post was trans-
ferred to-day by Col. Thomas. Corp. Klingler was
detailed for duty at the place where Lieut. Ty^'DALE
was drowned, for the purpose of continuing the efforts
made for the recovery of his remains.
Our informant* states that Major M'Clixtock's
command reached Philadelphia to-day.
During the operations of the P^egiment, passing and
re-passing along the river, and some distance into the
border counties of Virginia and Kentucky, opportu-
nities were given to the scouts of observing the con-
dition of the country and the effects of the war upon
its inhabitants. Kow, that the Pvea^iment is about
leaving, these scouts are coming to camp, — some of
them -are our own men, while others are natives of
the country, employed in this service on that account,
having a knowledge of its local geography which no
stranger could well acquire in time to be of value.
These men invariably tell the same story, that slavery,
the blood-stained monster, is dead ! An intelligent man
who has been in this service from the commencement
of the rebellion, and whose name cannot be given here,
assures us, that from the moment the first gun was
fired upon the Star of the West, the atmosphere in
which slavery breathed and had its being was changed,
* Corporal Albert Snackenberg. •
154 JOURNAL OF THE
and that master and slave at once realized what they
had hitherto believed an impossibility, that the shackles
had fallen from the limbs of the bond. The master
no longer presumed to command, nor the slave to obey.
The strong power which held them together in its iron
grasp for centuries crumbled into ashes in a moment.
The slaves did not manifest any extraordinary feeling
or engage in acts of violence, such as might be supposed
would originate in a change so radical, so astounding,
and so sudden. The slave, — strong and stalwart,
expressed his joy, and realized his freedom by walking
away, not in the direction of the North Star, as thous-
ands have done before him, — pursued by Southern
blood-hounds and Northern constables, but he walked
in the strength of his manhood to the spot where he
heard the roll of our drums and the thunder of our
cannon. The plantations have become depopulated, the
oppressor and his white sons going one wa}^, to the
regions of despair under Davis, and the oppressed in
another, to breathe the air of liberty and to battle for
that flag which for the first time in the history of its
existence proclaimed freedom to all. The horses, mules,
cattle, swine, and live stock generally, which once so
plentifully abounded on all these extensive plantations,
have disappeared. The fields have, with some few
exceptions, fallen into the original state of nature in
li^hich they were first found. The orchards have
192d regiment. 155
yielded their abundance, but there were none left to
eat and none to gather their fruits. Slavery is extinct !
It was slavery itself that struck the blow that set four
millions of human beings free. It broke the back and
tumbled to the earth, the monster that sought the life
of the nation. In this great convulsion, which shook
to their centre, two continents, we need not sorrow
over the waste in the immediate vicinity of the explo-
sion. What are barren fields, depopulated plantations
and other consequential damages compared with results
which will be beneficially realized for ages to come ?
It was slavery's desperate stroke for continued supre-
macy in the Republic that secured its downfall. It was
the end of that political slavery too, which constituted
that great privileged class at the South, that order of
nobility that could not brook a superior — an aristocracy
without hereditary title, but more haughty and impe-
rious, because bastard in its origin, and unrestrained
by either law or religion. The wonder is that this
horrible system has so long been tolerated by the most
enlightened nation of the earth. It is an anomaly of
the age which will puzzle and mortify all posterity.
Nor can we close our eyes to the great injury which
the institution of slavery has exerted upon the material
interests of the country which it occupied. The land
was but partially cultivated. Laborers from other
portions of the world were excluded from the inviting
156 JOURNAL OF THE
fields of the South, — these sought and found an outlet
and a home in less favored regions and prospered.
The emigration from the North and from Europe was
turned westward, while in the South the field^s were
perishing under the deadly weight of unpaid labor.
Now it is open to the entrance of all who seek a home
within our country. The question which has exercised
the minds of philanthropists and philosophers : — What
will become of the African? is already solved. The
Northern blockheads and selfish politicians asserted
that the free States of the North would be overrun
and overwhelmed with negroes in the event of emanci-
pation. This great proclamation of freedom has been
in force for three years, and tlieir fears and predictions
have not yet been realized. On the contrary, the free
colored men of the North have gone South to fight in
the great struggle for Union and liberty. There is
room still for millions more, — from the Potomac to
the Rio Grande, and from the Atlantic to New Mexico.
Instead of four millions of laborers cultivating cotton,
rice, and tobacco, there is room for one hundred mil-
lions of laborers, with land enough to subsist and
clothe themselves, and enough to spare for the rest of
mankind. Who can realize the greatness of a free
South, — her millions of acres of untouched, virgin
lands, monopolized by a small fraction of slave-holders,
who added nothino: to the common stock, and lived in
192d regiment. 157
luxury upon the sweat of unpaid labor, set free and
open to the industry of all ? When this war is over,
the new life of the South will just then have begun.
All nations will again weave and wear American
cotton ; with this addition, the more pleasant to the
wearer, that it is the product of free labor. We need
have no fear of disappointment. Do not be afraid of
the black man, although he may be untutored and
uncivilized. He is as well informed as his late master.
He is not an African slave any longer. He has no
memories of Africa. He never had his home in Africa;
he never saw Africa. It is true, he has African blood in
his veins, but how diluted, bleached, almost whitened.
Who dare say after this that he is an African slave ?
Almost all of them have the marks, the mind, the
courage, and the intellect of the Caucassian stamped
upon their features. Trust him. Stand by him and
see that he has foir-play. That is all that he needs,
even at this early period, the infoncy of his birth-day
October 31. The last day of the month was also
the last of Col. Thomas' Eegiment in Gallipolis. At
4.30 A. M. every man was on his feet ; and, breakfast
over at 5, all hands without delay commenced packing
knapsacks and striking tents. This w^ork completed,
the men finished taking their supply of rations ; at 9
all the companies marched to the levee, and at 11.20
158 JOURNAL OF THE
the whole command was embarked on board the Gen.
Crook, en route for home, via Parkersburg, and on the
Baltimore and Ohio Eailroad. In a few hours the
transition was so complete, from a populous camp into
an airy vacuum, that no one, without having seen it,
could testify that eleven hundred men had ever occu-
pied the place. Soldiers are like the tortoise, they
carry their houses. on their backs, in our case consist-
ing of King Cotton, reduced into shape by the skill and
industry of free labor. In passing through the town
the several companies were greeted with cheers at all
points, and the ladies, God bless them ! enthusiastically
waved their handkerchiefs from the windows of their
houses. We sincerely regretted the parting from our
newly made friends, but they may rest assured that
neither time nor distance can efface the recollection of
the hospitality and kindness bestowed upon the officers
and men of this Regiment. That a few disorderly
spirits found vent for their evil passions is to be
regretted; these, it is but just to remark, were fully
rewarded by the crocodile tears shed over their depar-
ture by the good people of the town.
November 1. This morning the Gen. Crook, with
her living freight, arrived within two miles of Park-
ersburg. West Virginia, her further progress having
been arrested by the dense fog which then rested on
the river. The passage from the point of starting
192d regiment. 159
pres(?nte(:l a striking and remarkaLle contrast, as
between IrecJom and slavery, on the Ohio and Vir-
ginia shores of the river. On the Ohio side the
evidences of prosperity and industry are everywhere
apparent. Beautiful villages, handsome and indeed
stately dwellings, collieries without number, furnaces
for smelting iron ore, oil and salt w^ells, everywhere
appear. Churches and school-houses, well-dressed and
joyful children, all along force themselves upon our
notice. Patriotic and lovely women descrying the
approach of the Crook for miles down the river, hasten
to unfurl the American flag, which they wave until
out of sight. On the Virginia side nothing is to be
seen. In three hours after reaching Parker sburg, the
train started for home — at 1.15 precisely.
The town is thoroughly fortified, and garrisoned by
a strong body of troops. The Government buildings
are spacious and well constructed. It is of some im-
portance as a military post. On the junction of the
Little Kanawha and Ohio rivers it commands the
largest portion of Western Virginia, having also con-
nection with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. It
contains seven thousand inhabitants, and is the metro-
polis of the West Virginia coal oil region, covering
Tyler, Wood, Wirt, Pleasants, Richie, Calhoun, Roane,
Jackson and Kanawha counties. This great region is
comparatively unoccupied. There are only 2,346,137
IGO JOURNAL OF THE
acres of improved land, and 8,550,257 unimproved.
These acres contain deposits of gold, silver, coal, coal
oil, iron, asplialtum, salt, and a variety of other
metals. There are also mineral springs, hot and cold,
and burning oil wells. There is certainly a great
future for this favored country. The soil, too, is of
the richest kind for agricultural purposes. The grape
flourishes luxuriantly, opening a vast field to industry
for this branch of domestic production.
Last evening a meeting of commissioned officers was
held in the cabin of the Gen. Crook, in reference to
the decease of Lieutenant Tyndale. On motion of
Major Snyder, Col. William B. Thomas was called
to the chair. On taking the chair Col. Thomas stated
the object of the meeting, and delivered a feeling and
impressive tribute to the character of the deceased
officer, recalling incidents of his worth as a soldier
which came under his notice while under his com-
mand, and that he had placed the responsible position
at fronton in his care, for the reason that he knew it
was vested in safe and intelligent guardianship. -That
during the occupancy of the post, Lieut. Tyndale had
won the confidence and respect of the people of Iron-
ton, and that they lamented his decease as sincerely
as though they had lost a friend and brother. On
motion of Adjutant Roney, a Committee consisting of
Lieut. Snyder, Lieut. Brook and Dr. Kirk, were
li»'2l) KKCIMrNT. IGl
appoiuled to prepare and report resolutions for the
adoption of the meeting. That committee reported
the following, which were read and adopted :
Whereas, By an inscrutable and all-wise Provi-
dence, in the dispensation of His will, we have been
called to mourn the death of our late brother officer,
Lieut. Tyndale, and unfeignedly regretting the loss
which this Eegiment has sustained by this stroke of
Divine authority over the hopes and aspirations of
men, we feel called upon to express our sorrow that
his voice is no longer heard in our councils, nor his
manly form to be seen in our midst. As an officer, a
soldier, and a gentleman, his brief, yet useful connec-
tion with us in the service of the United States, in
which his whole heart was enlisted, for the suppres-
sion of this most causeless rebellion, he secured our
highest respect and admiration, never shrinking from
the most responsible and arduous duties : he also won
and deserved the. entire confidence of the commanding
officers of the Eegiment, and he fell, as the soldier
would desire to fall, at the post of duty and of honor,
to which he had been assigned. And, feeling an
expression of our sorrow due to his memory, there-
fore, be it
Resolved, That the commissioned officers of this
Regiment will wear the usual badge of mourning.
Eesolved, That Capt. Joel S. Perkins, Dr. Ricii-
1G2 JOUBXAL OF THE
MOND M. Kirk, x\djutant James B. PlONey, be a
Committee to convey to the bereaved widow of Lieut.
Tyndale a copy of tbese proceedings.
Previous to adjourning the meeting, Mr. Charles
EiCKERT, of Company E, was invited to sing the song,
entitled '^ The Soldier's Funeral," when that gentle-
man complied with the request, as follows : —
Hark to the shrill trumpets calling,
It pierces the soft summer air ;
Tears from each comrade are falling,
For the widow and orphan are there.
The bayonets earthward are turning;
The drums muffled breath rolls around,
But he heeds not the voice of the mourning,
Nor awakes to the bugle sound.
Sleep, soldier, sleep, though many regret thee
Who stand by the cold bier to-day ;
Soon, soon shall the kindest forget thee,
And thy name from the earth pass away.
The one thou didst love as a brother
A friend in his place will have gained ;
Th}' dog shall keep watch for another.
And thy steed by a stranger be reined.
Though hearts that now mourn for thee sadly
Soon joyous as ever shall be ;
Though thy bright orphan boy may laugh gladly,
As he sits on some kind comrade's knee.
192d RFC I M EXT. 1«53
Tlieie is one who will !^(ill pay licr duly
Of tears to the true ami the brave ;
And when fnvst in the bloom of her beauty
8he wept o'er the soldier's grave.
November 2. The train moved from Parkersburg
at a moderate speed, on its way to Baltimore. The
cars too were closely packed with men, accoutrements,
and rations. There was no sleeping room in many of
them, being such as are used for the transportation
of cattle, and all without seats. These deficien-
cies were taken good-humoredly and without com-
plaint, although the discomfort was sufficient to test
the patience and endurance of the strongest. Reached
New Creek at 3.20 A. M.
This place is occupied by a few troops. It is a
water station of the Baltimore and Ohio Piailroad.
The depot, or round-house, is a fine building, contain-
ing locomotives and machinery undergoing repairs.
Broken locomotives and machinery, w^arped and
destroyed by fire, lying promiscuously around the
place, having several times fallen into the hands of
rebel raiding incursionists. Several passenger trains
have been stopped by them in the vicinity, the pas-
sengers robbed of their money, watches, and other
valuables, and the cars destroyed. The woods to the
right and left of the road affording cover for the ban-
dits, who sally forth upon the unsuspecting traveler
16-1 .TOniNAL OF THE
from tlieir hiding-places, committing outrages with
perfect impunity, not even allowing women and chil-
dren to retain their jewelry and trinkets that may be
in their possession. They never waylay trains con-
taining soldiers — these are invariably allowed to pass
■unmolested. The brave and dashing Moseby, the pet
hero of the chivalry, will attack and kill, if he can,
small squads of soldiers, or cut off from their escorts
a general or a colonel, having only an inferior force ;
but when he is matched or outnumbered he and his
gang fly for safety to their cowardly places of conceal-
ment. Such is the warfare carried on by the chivalry.
"Were the knights of old to know that such a flying
poltroon as Moseby was arraying himself in their pure
and unsullied garb, they would rise from their graves
and scourge the rascal to death. His escape is due
to the fieetness of his horses, selected for their bottom
for this special service.
November 3. Arrived at Martinsburg this morn-
ing at 7 o'clock. The place is held by Gen. Sheridan
as his base of supplies, a strong force holding it in
possession from any force of rebels that may see
proper to test its strength. The encampments stretch
along the Shenandoah valley on both sides of the
railroad. The frame and the log houses occupied by
the soldiers are built with a view for their occupancy
durins; the winter. A fine stream of water flows
192d regiment. 165
through the encampments. An extensive cattle
coral, containing several thousand head of fine beeves,
is located on the left of the road. Gen. Sheeidan's
army is abundantly supplied with subsistence stores.
Fresh horses are daily arriving from the North for the
use of his cavalry. Men were engaged in landing
from a train of cars, a new stock of horses, which had
arrived during the night. The valley is completely
broken up — the whole of it is a battle ground, occu-
pied by soldiers only. It will never again pass from
the possession of the Union forces. Should the rebels
get into Sheridan's rear, which is an utter impossi-
bility, the fate of Lee's army in Pennsylvania will be
theirs; Sheridan is master of the situation. His
forces are several miles in front of Martinsburg, and
it is for the present his base of supplies. The town is
reduced by fire, leaving bare walls and desolation
everywhere. All the streets are securely barricaded
and fortified at all points, so that few men can success-
fully repel any force that Early, Moseby, Imboden,
or the whole combined, can bring to bear against it.
The post is commanded by Gen. Seward, son of the
Secretary of State. This town was previous to the
Avar in a flourishino; condition, containino; some 2,000
inhabitants. Kow, it is in the sole occupancy of United
States soldiers ; the loyal of its former citizens having
fled to the North to escape rebel conscription and
IGG JOURNAL OF THE
tyranny, and the secesli have been taken to Eichmond.
After the war is over, Northern enterprise will more
than restore the town to its former prosperity. It is
only twenty miles north-west of Harper's Ferry, the
location being a healthy one and advantageous for
manufacturing and agricultural pursuits. Harper's
Ferry was reached at 9 o'clock. The absorbing object
of interest at this place, and there are many grand
attractions here to divert attention, was the small
yellow brick engine house held by John Brown with
19 men, for two days against the whole power of
Virginia, and fi'om which he was not dislodged until
United States troops were called into requisition.
All the buildings adjoining it have been destroyed by
the rebels, but this famous house stands uninjured and
unscathed, a monument to Brown and a reproach
to those who slaughtered in cold blood the victims of
his fanaticism. Harper's Ferry (Pelion piled upon
Ossa) in grandeur and sublimity is to the land what
Niagara Falls are to the waters — the two greatest
wonders of Nature. Beached Baltimore at 6 P. M.
Marched to the Citizens Refreshment Saloon, partook
of a hearty supper, the second time this Regiment has
enjoyed its hospitalities; were then assigned to
comfortable quarters for the night in the Soldiers
Rest, a large warehouse fitted up for this purpose;
all these arrangements for our comfort had been made
192d regiment. 167
by Messrs. Benj. Huckle, Israel R. Springer, and
D. P. SouTHWORTH, gentlemen acting as a Committee
for this purpose from Philadelphia.
November 4. Left Baltimors this morning at 8.30 ;
the cars afforded ample room for the comfort of all ; in
passing out of the city, there were many enthusiastic
exhibitions of loyalty to the old flag of the Union on
the part of the citizens. The bunting was thrown
liberally from the windows, and mechanics and others
in their shirt-sleeves, stopped work to wave the flag
and cheer as we passed along. Baltimore may now
be said to be a loyal city. Laus Deo. Beached the
city of Penn, our starting point nearly four months
ago, this evening at 6 o'clock, having been on the
route for five days.
192d REGIMENT, PENNA. VOLS,
SPEECHES OF MAYOR HENRY, AND COL. WILLIAM B.
It was expected that the remaining companies (the
others having arrived on Sunday last) of CoL \Vm. B.
Thomas' Eegiment would arrive at 3 o'clock yesterday
afternoon, at the Baltimore depot, but they did not
reach that place until half-past 5 o'clock last evening.
The reason was attributed to delay at Havre de Grace.
The companies that had previously arrived proceeded
to the depot, and at dusk the line of march was taken
up, the escort consisting of the 192d Eegiment, and
the Henry Guards. The escort was creditable. The
192d was formally received in Independence Square
by Mayor Henry on behalf of the citizens of Philadel-
phia. The line of march was taken up at the depot,
170 JOURNAL OF THE
Broad and Prime streets, proceeded up Broad to
Chestnut, thence to Third, thence to Walnut, thence
to Independence Square, entering that enclosure by
the lower gateway at ten minutes before seven o'clock,
keeping step to that favorite old ballad tune : " We
are coming from the Mountains."
The Eegiment being drawn into line east and west,
facing north, Col. Thomas was introduced to the
Mayor. The band having performed that soul-stir-
ring air, ''Hail Columbia,"
^ol. Wm. B. STiomas^ introduced tJi&
Hon. j^LEX. HEJfPiY, JlayoT,
wlio ddivC're'd the following
SPEECH OF WELCOME.
Col. Thomas, Officees, and Soldiers of the
192d Eegiment : Your friends and fellow-citizens wel-
come your return to their midst ; and in thus greeting
your arrival they desire to manifest their appreciation
of the zeal and alacrity with which a few months
since you responded to the call for volunteers in an
hour of urgent need. The special duties assigned to
you have been promptly and cheerfully performed.
You have experienced the fatigues of the march, you
have shared in the hardships of the camp, you have
held yourselves in constant readiness for the field of
conflict, and, had opportunity been given, the flag
which you cany would have been borne by you
192d regiment. 171
proudly, bravely, and with honor in the foremost of
the battle. Many of you return to your homes only
that you may again go forth among those in arms for
our country's cause. It cannot be that the struggle
which for nearly four years has been maintained
"between revolt and loyalty, between the desperation
of conscious guilt and the assurance of avenging jus-
tice, will last much longer. But whether this strug-
gle be brought to a speedy end, or whether, through
a Providence that we may not comprehend, it be pro-
longed through years to come, the final issue must
and will be the triumph of our Union and the endur-
ing restoration of its sovereignty and glory. If there
is other meaning than empty bravado in the oft-
repeated vaunts of rebel leaders, that, if needs be, this
unrighteous war shall never cease while one man is
left to fight in its behalf, then, by the unrequited
blood of our heroes slain upon countless battle-fields —
by the priceless value of our free institutions — by the
love we bear our land — by the duty we owe our God,
let this war go on until the last armed traitor be
stricken down behind the last entrenchment of an
Each day since the beginning of the war has
increased the incalculable obligations of every citizen
to the gallant men who have exposed or are now
periling health and life for the preservation of our
Government and national honor. Belonging to such
patriot host, all of you have earned a title to the
gratitude of those whose rights and liberties you have
aided to protect.
Sir, more than once you have relinquished the quiet
of civil station that you. might participate. in the
defence of your city and State, or lead your comrades
172 JOURNAL OF THE
to remoter scenes of military duty. The remembrance
of the periods thus devoted to your country's service
will afford you richer and purer satisfaction than all
the offices of honors of future years.
Soldiers! many of you have at different times,
under your present commander, proved yourselves of
bold hearts and strong arms, whether to drive the foe
from your own homes, or to guard your nation's flag
wherever you have raised its standard. The homes
which joyously await your presence will be all the
brighter from the proud approval of their loved ones,
and all the dearer from the services that you have
consciously rendered in their defence.
OOL. ^ILLIfiJd ^. QlHOJ^jlB:
Mr. Mayor : On behalf of the officers and men of
the 192d Eegiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, I
thank you, and through the citizens of Philadelphia,
for this unexpected, kind, and cordial welcome
extended to the companies forming my command.
Your expressions of kindness, and the remarks, of
approval you have made in reference to the Kegiment,
have our thanks. We have, Mr. Mayor, endeavored
to do our duty; we have done all that the United
States Government required us to do ; we have gone
wherever our Government ordered us to go ; we have
discharged our duties, I believe, to the satisfaction of
our superior officers; whatever was ordered we
promptly and cheerfully performed, yet I feel that your
remarks in complimenting us are not entirely well
placed. We have, it is true, fulfilled oin* part of the
192d regiment. 17^
contract with the Government of the United States,
We have endured hardships and at times much peril,
but still I feel that we have not yet fulfilled our whole
duty to our country. I feel proud when I can say
with truth that .the Regiment, the 192d Pennsylvania
Volunteers, is composed of the best fighting material
in the country. The citizens have reasons to feel
proud of such gallant men, and I cannot help feeling
some little disappointment that the fortunes of war did
not cast us where we could have had an opportunity to
have shared the glories of the battle-field of honor. I
consider that we should not be here ; we should yet
be in the field, bearing proudly aloft and rallying
under the glorious old flag. [Cheers.] I took occa-
sion to say this much previously to starting for home,
and some little dissatisfaction was expressed because
of misunderstanding. No reflection is cast upon the
men of my command, for they have performed their
whole duty nobly, bravely, ajid in many instances in
great peril, but I do think that at a time like this
there is no excuse for any man to leave the field. We
should all be there now. So strong is this sentiment
in my mind that I have already tendered my services to
the Secretary of War, and the President, to do any field
duty, in any position, at any time, in any place, wherever
I may be ordered to go ; I have done this much cheer-
fully. I am happy in being able to state that a por-
tion of the Regiment are now ready to re-enlist in the
service of the country, and had it not been that we
were divided and ordered to duty in different parts,
this feeling would have permeated through the entire
ranks, and it would have been more general, at least
seventy-five per cent. I do know that numbers are
ready to enlist for a year or more, or while the con-
174 JOURNAL OF TUB
flict lasts. But the Regiment is now simply enjoyirig
a short furlough ; we are always ready to do our whole
duty to our great country — sustain its glorious flag
anywhere. It is the duty of every man to sustain his
own and his country's honor. Treason still rears its
head in the South, and I learn from newspapers that it
has an existence still in the North, and the times are
such that it does not become any man to leave his
brethern in the field, but every nerve should be
strained — we should stand shoulder to shoulder in this
contest, as becomes men, not cowards. We have an
interest in each other's welfare, and we can protect
our homes and the lives of the people by giving a firm,
unyielding support to the good old flag now in the
hour of peril. It is with such feelings as these that
I have re-enlisted my poor services in the country,
and there are men in my command ready to do like-
wise if the same opportunity be given them as has been
extended to others. In conclusion, Mr. Mayor, allow
me to renew an expression of thanks for the men of
my command, and to bid you good-night.
To the commissioned officers I desire to say a few
words : we will, until further orders, have a dress
parade twice a day. You will have the men of your
respective commands at Broad and Green streets at 9
o'clock to-morrow morning.
Three cheers were now given for Col. Thomas, three
more for Mayor Henry, and three for the old Stars
192d regiment. 175
Here we abandon our chronological record as no
longer necessary or desirable. The Regiment appeared
on parade every morning at Broad and Spring Garden
streets, pursuant to the Orders of Col. Thomas. It
is with pleasure that we close this Journal of an inter-
esting, though brief campaign in the service of the
country, with the report of an enthusiastic serenade
given to Col. Thomas, at his residence, by his friends
and neip;hbors, on the evcnino; of the 9th inst., who
took this method to express their '^ welcome home" to
one who so well deserves their high esteem.
SERENADE TO COL. WILLIAM B. THOMAS.
The members of the National Union Club and the
Republican Invincibles, with the Jefferson Cornet Band
and Douglass' Philadelphia Brigade Band, formed
themselves into a procession at their head-quarters,
and proceeded to the residence of Col. Wm. B. Thomas,
of the 192d Regiment of the Pennsylvania line, and
serenaded that gentleman. The Invincibles were
dressed in their hats and capes, and carried their
torches. The houses generally on both sides of Spring
Garden street, between Thirteenth and Broad streets,
were illuminated. As the proc(^ssion formed, or rather
176 JOURNAL OF THE
licaltecl, in front of the dwelling of Col. Thomas, the
American flag was flung to the breeze, and the Jeff'er-
son Cornet Band played the Star Spangled Banner.
The Douglass Band now struck up the appropriate
air of ^'Home Again," which was followed by a gallop
and a polka. During this musical performance, the
color-bearers advanced from the line and stationed
themselves on the door-step, thus forming a patriotic
tableau, in which Col. Thomas appeared. On pre-
senting himself to the multitude, he was greeted with
a storm of applause, and three cheers were given for
the 192d Eegiment.
A. Q. Cattell, Esq., addressed Col. Thomas in a
patriotic speech of welcome, referring to the principles
expressed by Col. T. years since, when it required nerve
to stand forth nobly and publicly in defence of certain
truths then unpopular because of ignorance, but now
popular before the entire world. He alluded to the
Colonel as a representative man ; the architect of his
own fortune, whose patriotism and philanthropy for
the proscribed race are remembered now with deep
gratification in the hour of triumph. In the conclu-
sion of his remarks, the speaker alluded to the victory
at the ballot-box, that the loyal people of the United
States from Maine to Vii^ginia, and from the Atlantic
to the Pacific, have expressed themselves in a manner
192d regiment. 177
that cannot be misunderstood and dare not be disre-
garded; and that voice is "No compromise with
traitors in arms." [Cheers.] He sent this voice not
only to the South, but to the North, and to the whole
w^orld, that the people of this country intend to compel
the rebels to lay down their arms, and that the rebel-
lious section shall, by the blessing of God and loyal
bayonets, be maintained in the Union.
G. Inman Eiche, on behalf of the Kepublican
Invincibles, also delivered a few remarks of welcome.
Colonel Thomas, in acknowledging the compliment
thus tendered him, said that he wished he possessed
language sufficient to express the emotions of his heart,
at the succession of evidences of the kind regard enter-
tained for him since his return. He had been met
at every turn, first by the Mayor of the city, next by
old friends, and even those formerly political opponents,
and he might say personal enemies, and now he beholds
the welcome of thousands. These honors wx^re gratify-
ing to him, and yet he was constrained to say he felt
painfully impressed of his unworthiness, as he had not
yet done all his work in the service of the country.
He had only begun, and when the time shall have
arrived that he had done his whole duty, then he
would more freely feel the pleasure of such kindly
greetings on the part of his fellow-citizens. The man
178 JOURNAL OF THE
who does not fall by the wayside — who continues in
his duty to the end — who meets traitors in the field —
who rallies round the good old flag- — who advances
where treason has taken a bold stand — ^who stands up
for his country until the end — that man is entitled to
such honors, and worthy of all honors that could be
bestowed upon him.
Colonel Thomas now alluded to the officers and men
of his command, who enlisted and expressed a most
perfect willingness to go wherever the Government
desires. They had met the guerrillas in conflict, had
passed through scenes of peril and hardship, and never
complained. They are the true type of the American
soldier. They left all the comforts of domestic life and
did their duty, such as their Government desired.
The Colonel now alluded to the great victory at the
ballot-box — its moral effect, the probable good that
would result, and, after indulging in a dissertation on
the issues of the day, the tottering of the rebellion
because of disintegration in its ranks, he thanked his
friends for the compliment of the serenade, and retired
amid vociferous applause. A handsome collation was
prepared at Spring Garden Hall, to which the party
were invited. The whole affair was pleasant, patriotic,
and decidedly agreeable.
192d regiment. 179
[The men were mustered into tlie service of the
United States July 7th, 1864. They were discharged
from the service November 15th, a period of one hun-
dred and thirty-one days.]
It may be asked, what necessity existed for the
sending of the Regiment to Gallipolis, a post so little
known in the annals of the war, when there were other
points of more importance to defend, and nearer to
the front. It is proposed to answer the question
briefly, if it has not been already satisfactorily
answered. This place, on the opening of the war,
was an object of solicitude to the Government as a
safe depository for supplies to our armies operating in
Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee — a position that
offered natural advantages for its defence in the event
of assault. It w^as, in addition, accessible to steam-
boats from Cincinnati, on the one side, and from
Parkersburg, via the Baltimore and Ohio Eailroad on
the other, with a land approach, by railroad on the
rear from Columbus, via Portland. Its importance
as a military post was recognized at an early stage of
the rebellion by Gen. Simon Cameeon, the able and
vigilant Secretary of War at that period. Situated
on the borders of Ohio, Virginia, and Kentucky, and
open to navigation to all of these States, and beyond ;
and flanked, too, by the Great Kanawha river, which
covers a valley containing unbounded and unsurpassed
180 JOURNAL OF TUE "
deposits of salt, coal, iron, and munitions of war gene-
rally, all of them of incalculable necessity to the rebels,
at once gave to this place vital importance, and it was
firmly held from the commencement of the war to the
present time, by a sufficient force of United States
troops for any emergency that might occur.
The Government store-houses erected here are of
vast proportions, and they have, at various times,
contained public property estimated in value at from
five to seven millions of dollars. It could not be sup-
posed, therefore, that a post of so much magnitude
would escape the notice of the rebel forces. These
were, and are still, constantly prowling around, seek-
ing opportunities for its capture and destruction. A
noted rebel leader, Gallatin Jenkins, a brother of
the more notorious General now in the rebel service,
organized a force of one thousand men, at a point
some thirty miles below, for the purpose of destroying
the Government stores and laying the town in ashes.
This individual, discovering his movements anticipated
by the War Department, and finding the place too
well defended, abandoned his purpose and took his
force to ISTorth Carolina. He was subsequently killed
in an engagement at Newborn. He did not live to
carry his threats into execution. It is still surrounded
by strong bands of guerrillas, who avow their intention
of burning the place. John Moegan passed his force
192d regiment. 181
of guerrillas into Ohio, ten miles above the town, con-
templating in his programme its destruction; but
finding it too well fortified he found it prudent to
avoid a too near approach. The loyal citizens of the
town joined the Government troops in the pursuit of
Morgan, pursuing him with great vigor and captur-
ing several of his men.
Thus it will be seen at a glance, that great respon-
sibility rested upon Col. Thomas wdiile in command
of all the troops of the post and its vicinity ; at a
time, too, when the bogus Government at Eichmond
had decided upon, and prepared for, an invasion of
the North, and of repossessing Kentucky, Missouri,
Tennessee, and Maryland. In this grand advance
was included the armed aid to be furnished by the
Knights of America, having its centre in Indiana, a
plot exposed and defeated at the time the Regiment
was stationed at Johnson's Island. Breckinridge
was ready for his advance into Kentucky ; Early
was on the borders of Pennsylvania, and had burned
Chambersburg ; Price was advancing into Missouri,
and a new force was organizing for the invasion of
Ohio under Morgan. All these efforts to transfer the
horrors of war to our own doors, and to devastate
Korthern homes, and sack the rich cities and towns
of the free States, was frustrated and turned to grief
by the armies of the Union under Grant, Sherman,
182 JOURNAL OF THE
Hooker, Sheridan, and other equally meritorious
officers, who met the enemy on their chosen ground
and repulsed them at all points. In repelling this
vast yet desperate and visionary design of the rebel
chiefs, the 192d Eegiment performed its humble yet
efficient part; and while its field of allotted duty was
comparatively obscure, in a remote but not unimpor-
tant part of our military net-work, and although it
was not engaged in any of the brilliant battles and
victories which turned the rebel advance into stub-
born and disastrous defeat, it may, nevertheless, be
truly claimed that this Eegiment is entitled to some
small share of the glory attending the great work
which has been achieved.
WILLIAM B. THOMAS.
BENJAMIN L. TAYLOR.
CHAS. W. McCLINTOCK.
HARRY J. SNYDER.
JAMES B. RONEY.
JOHN J. FRANKLIN.
ISAAC J. CLARK.
First Ass't Surgeon,
RICHMOND M. KIRK,
Second Ass't Surgeon,
LEVI H. PATTERSON.
Quar. Mast. Sergeant,
EDWARD F. TAYLOR.
192d regiment. 185
HEKRY W. HANCOCK.
James E. Grace.
First Sergeant — John Baedfeld.
Second " Benjamin Gilbert.
Third " Theodore Engle.
Fo'urth '' Edwin Shock.
Fifth " Abraham Nicholson.
First Corporal. — John Wood.
William K. Young.
John S. Kern.
186 JOURNAL OF THE
JOEL S. PERKINS
-G. T. Broadway.
W. J. Bowling.
John F. Blundin.
Benj. H. Lytle.
Henry C. Lwine.
Lucius C. Pierson.
J. Wallace Johnson.
11>2d regiment. 187
W I L L I A i\I COOK.
William II. Martin.
Samuel J. Geiffee.
First Sergeant. — Joseph C. Knorr.
Second " William Gardener.
TUrd '' Eobert Guthrie.
Fourth " .Edward G. Gardener,
Fifth " Lafayette Chapell.
First Corporal. — Edward M. Butclier.
George Lay ton.
JOURNAL OF THE
William F. Fleming.
-Theodore T. Van Allen,
George W. Hillery.
-diaries H. Fest.
Amos T. Clift.
Charles P. Hickman.
Thomas H. Hartman.
DAVID E. WENRICH
-Wm. J. D. McKee.
Wm. H. Bailey.
Thomas L. Mills.
Henry C. Griesemer.
— Jolm Bryson.
John C. Cranston.
John C. Eggleton.
Wm. P. Worrell.
George S. Ptoe.
John 0. Myers.
Samuel M. Carr, Jr.
190 JOURNAL OF THE
WILLIAM H. GEAY
First Sergeant, — George W. Dornan.
Second '' WiUiam P. Deal.
Third " Archibald Vansciver.
Fourth '^ Joseph A. Seither.
Fifth " WiUiam H. Hall.
First Corporal. — Frank H. Eoberts.
William P. Lawrence.
John M. Green.
Michael F. Dunn.
192 JOURNAL OF THE
John F. Snyder.
—Samuel T. Luckenback,
Eobert J. Morton.
Thomas E. Ingralim.
William T. Grigg.
—George S. Smitli.
Edward G. Bennett.
John H. Dager.
Charles H. Shankland.
William H. Clark.
James K. Jimison.
Stephen G. Chase.
' First Sergeant. — James M. Smith.
Second /' William C. Patterson.
Third " John McFarren.
Fourtli " William C. Blackwood.
Fifth '' William T. Floyd.
First Co'iyoval. — William Conldin.
James M. Smith.
John A. Davis.
William H. Klasscnpat.
JOURNAL OF THE
B L A N D .
. F. Allex.
—William B. Summers,
Henry Hollo wbusli.
Joseph K. Lisk.
William B. Stout.
ATiUiam H. Wilson.
192d regiment. 195
TIMOT][Y CLEG CI
Andrew T. AVier.
First Sergeant. — Jesse Mills.
Second '^ Charles T. Jones.
Third " Henry Birkhead.
Fourth '■ John McDermott.
Fifth •' William McClenner
First Corporal. — William Coates.
Jesse Pi. Chandler.
Robert H. Ward.
William H. Moore.
196 JOURNAL OF THE
A D A M E E F E D
George C. Baeton.
Albeet H. Mullen.
First Sergeant. — John Dunbar.
Second '' Charles Brooks.
Third " C. Maguire.
Fourth ^^ Jas. L. Eanken.
Fifth '' David Thomas.
First Corporcd. — Eichard Bloomer.
Second " Albert J.- Schnackenberpj,
Third '' Ephraim Gibson.
Fourth " Michael Kelly..
Fifth " Charles Bateman.
Sixth '' Mathias Garvey.
Seventh ^^ Patrick Brady.
'Fighth •'•' Charles Wallace.
192d regiment. 197
BENJAMIN N. BROOKE.
William II. Whitehead.
First Sergeant. — Walter Lackey.
Second " James Moore.
Third " Isaac W. Martin.
Fourth " John Goheen.
Fifih " Cadwalaclcr H. Brooke.
First Corjjoral. — Barton D. Evans,
John W. White.
Joseph W. Martin.
Elisha G. Cloud.
Matthew H. Eoberts,
198 JOURNAL or THE 192d regiment.
JAMES X. "W'OODWAED.
JoHx A. Geoff.
First Sergeant -
— Hiimplirey Bently.
William H. Miles.
Lewis B. Xicliols.
Charles L. Wilson.
James D. Stott.
-William B. Pownell.
Charles P. Mahn.
Eichard M. J. Eeed.
Joseph S. Young.
William H. Wagoner,
W. George Young.
Francis Pv. S. Forrest
Some t<up})Ose that the present campaign, — com-
prehending the combined operations of our armies and
navies, as commenced in the spring of the year, and
.carried forward vigorously during the entire summer,
not halting or ceasing for a single hour up to this
juojuent, will crush the military power of the rebellion
and restore })eace. This supposition is well founded,
for the reason that the campaign will never cease,
through all seasons, over all obstacles, turning neither
to the right nor to the left, until the last rebel shall
liave lain down his arms or his corpse. This is there-
fore, no idle speculation or vain prediction, as the
result will show, and daily developing itself in the
steady advance of our armies into the centre of the
rebellion. It is a long campaign, — long for the expect-
ant people, and still longer for the suffering, yet never-
despairing soldier, but it will be the last ! The Con-
federate States are divided and sub-divided, with
armies separating the fragmonts, — too powerful for
removal without the consent of the Commander-in-
C'lui'S who placed them there. The rebel capital is
isolated from all connections with the States of which
it is the supposed head ; and city after city has been
cut off from its communications with any part of the
country surrounding them, and the space once claimed
as constituting the rebel empire, within sight of Wash-
ington, and extending over nearly two-thirds of the
territory of the Union, has dwindled down to very
narrow limits, — so small indeed, that no man can now
see it. The little remaining strength it has is to be
found in the genious of its leaders and Generals, who
have resolved to exhaust all the resources of a once
prosperous and wealthy people before yielding the
contest. The time of exhaustion and dissolution is
upon them. The ^' cradle and the grave" have been
made to give up the last victims. Its whole power of
men and money and material contained within and
without, from willing and unwilling sources, is on the
battle-field, constituting the flesh and blood, the body
and the life of the Confederafe States, all of which are
melting away and perishing before the irresistible
advance of the grand armies of the Union.
The roaming and murderous gangs of guerrillas
scattered over all parts of the South, — some of whom
sometimes steal into undefended frontier towns of the
North, committing murder, arson and robbery, — can-
not be taken into the account for the prolongation of
the war on the part of the South. The partizan gangs
of QuANTiiELL, MosEBY, Mageuder, — of the dead
Morgan and Thurston, those too, who are engaged in
attempting the firing of Northern cities — who concoct
conspiracies in Canada, to capture defenceless steam-
boats on the Northern hdvcs, and to murder their
crews in cold blood. These desperadoes who prowl
about Johnson's Island, Camp Chase and Gallipolis,
.-eparate or in the aggregate, cannot and never have
contributed the weight of a feather in the immovable
balance upon the turning of wdiich hangs the fate of
Southern, so-called, (God save the mark) Independence.
These savage combinations are the parasites who have
found sustenance and support from the rotten trunk
of the Confederacy — keeping it in the dirt where it
Avas born, and preventing it from piercing the sky to
claim the applause of admiring men. x\lthough this
rebellion has called into the field all the chivalry of
the South, to throw oft" the yoke, as they say, of a
tyrannical, oppressive plebeian government, they have
Mien low in the scale of honor and exalted courage,
such as is not found in the history of rebellions which
have secured the sympathy of honorable men. "Where,
in the whole South, have we yet seen any one of their
heroes display the high-minded magnanimity, the
courage and the dignity of a Tell? Can QuAN-
TRELL, who has attacked a defenceless town in Kansas,
burning houses, killing sleeping men and boys in their
beds, deserve the higli merit Avliicli belongs to this
hero of a darker and by-gone age ? Can Moseby
idaim a shadow of the glory which attaches to the
name of the obscure yet brave and gallant Jack Cade,
who did not deign to rob the London nobilitv of their
valuables when he had the greatest city of the world
in his possession ? Can ever Stonewall Jackson,
the pride and boast of the South, be ranked with
IvossuTH, the rebel hero of Hungary, who would have
spurned the honor as he wotild have the bribes of the
Austrian tyrant, of commanding men who had violated
the oTaves of Union soldiers, convertins; their skulls
into drinking cups and their bones into trinkets for
the ornamentation of his men ? Xever I Xapoleon
had his pentirious, tyrannical keeper of his prison at
St. Helena, who doled out to him his scant ration of
coffee and some unpalatable wine, who has gained a
notoriety of infamy in history, disgraceful to the whole
British nation, while the aristocracy of the South have
his counterpart in the still more hideous form of Gen.
Winder, the keeper of the Richmond prisons, whose
treatment of Union prisoners stands unparalelled for
atrocity and cruelty in the history of the world.
Stu^ly, this rebellion is of low degree, — the offspring
of slavery, with not a single hero to redeem it from the
loathing and contempt of all mankind.
We ]ieed not recount the strength of the Xorth. in
order to show the speedy downfall of the rebellion.
He who rnns can see for himself, that our strength is
not only unimpaired, but increased, and increasing.
Facts and figures prove it beyond a doubt. Our sol-
diers are numbered l)y thousands and millions. Our
bonds command a premium such as no administration,
even in times of piping peace can show. Our navy is
the most costly, perfect, and extensive on the face of
the sea, and our army the best paid, best fed, and best
disciplined of any on record. It is too, a Volunteer
army: patriots all, Christians inany, scholars, artists
and capitalists, largely of men of thought and principle.
\A"e have seen our Vice-President, Hannibal Hamlin,
enrolling himself ah' a private soldier, and last, though
not least, we have ourselves been led to the tented field
by a citizen of the Quaker City, (himself a descendant
of that peacefid trilje,) who laid aside high-ofi&ce and
social station, to contribute his share to the common
cause. Why have such men, asks another, deserted
their callings, left their homes, stibmitted to the priva-
tions of camp life, and exposed their lives on the battle-
field ? What are they fighting for ? "Is tlierp not a
cause?" as the young David exclaimed to his disdainful
brethren, when they upbraided him with leaving his
father's sheep in the wilderness, and thrtisting himself
in the front of the enemv, bef<)r<> the o;iant foe.
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under no circumstances to be
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