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Vol. I.] 












Edited by W. T. STEAD. 

Wednesday, Octobkr 4, 1893. 

[No. I 







Diary of the Day .... 

Editorial. Home Rule next Session ? 

To-Day's News. (With Maps) 

The Church Congress at Birmingham 

Is Rural Dissent Doomed ? 

Note !...... 

Political Reporting : A Hint from Music 
The Future of the Aristocracy : Interview with 

Lady Brooke ...... 10 

In Place of Morning Service . . . .12 

The Saint of the Day: St. Francis of Assisi. 13 
The National Theatre of the Press : Interviev/ 

with Miss Robins ..... 14 
Yesterdays Long Ago : The Battle of Salamis 16 
The Reading Public and the Press : Interviev/ 18 
The Romance of the World : A Bronze 

Andromeda in Mashonaland. (Illus.) . 26 
How to Make and Lose Money : Interviews . 23 

Wanted— an English Bible 25 

The Home Rule Bill, 1894 27 

A Cookery Crusade . . . . . .28 

Advertising as a Fine Art . . . . .29 

Of Things Undone and to be Done . » .30 
Advertisements 31 


Editorial Office: 




The Daily Paper. 

[OCTOBEE 4, 18D3. 


A-it BarcmeUr (observttions taken at 1.0 a.m.), 29-20iii. Tem- 
peratnre 47". 
Weather Forecast : England, S. (London and Cbaanel), 
westerly winds, some showers. Warning*, none issuej 
S.O. — Covent Garden Market opens (Tuesdays, Thnrs.lays, Sattir- 

4.0. — BHUngfgale Fixh Market opens. 
6.8. — Sun rises. 

Bigh Water at London Bridge. Morning, 8 h.'ll m. After- 
noon, 10 h. 42 m 

High Coukc of JrsncB. 

10.15— Before Mr. Justice Kennedy (as Vacation Judge). 44 cases, 
16 of which stand over from previous weeks. 
In Qiuen't Bench Court III. — 10.15. Chamber Summonses. 
Re Scott Jervis's Estate ; EelBirmingham Bestaurant, etc., 
Co., etc. 

10.30— 7n Queen's Bench Court II.— Tot Judgment : Re Tittis Salt, 
Sons and^Co. (Limited) ; Bilsberry v. Harvey ; Re Elmore's 
Foreign and Colonial Patent Copper Depositing Co. (Limited)"; 
Ee Land Company of Australasia. Motion (upon notice 
given 4th October) : Fink v. Bray and SkeUy ; Re Crawford 
V. British Sonth Africa Company, etc., etc 

11.0. — Bankruptcy. — Queen's Bench Division. At Bankruptcy Build- 
ings, CireySt., Lincoln's Inn. Before Mr. Registrar GiffanL 
Room 36. Adjourned Applications :" T. S. King at 11.0. 
Sti Petitions, 11.0. Five Petitions, 12.0. One Petition, 
12.30. Adjourned Private Sitting, H. R. Mark, 12.30. 
11.0. — Mutings of Creditors. — (Same address). Before OflBcial 
Receivers, 1st Meeting: F. C. Moore, 11.0. A. A. Smith, 
lUO. E. Xunnerly, 12.0. Hudson and Jackson, 12.0. 
6. 0. Camroux, 12.0. T. Sanders, 1.0. General Meeting : 
F. T. PoUok, 1.0. 
11.0. — County Courts (Metropolitan) Westminster — Bloomsbury— 
Bow — City of London. 
City of London Sessions : Sir P. H. Edlia, Clerkenwell.' 


12.30. — ^Stevens, J. C. : Bulbs firom Holland, liliums, border plants, etc., 

38, King Street, Covent Garden. 
1.50. — Porter and Watt : Furniture and effects. Also stock of carpets, 

linoleums, blankets, etc. (2nd day); and at Oxford Street 

at 1.0. 
1.0. — Chambers and Xewton : Furniture and effects (2nd day), 150, 

Cromwell Road, Sonth Kensington. 
1.0.— Miles, M. : Leases and Goodwill of Palace Hotel, Hastings ; 

household furniture, trade fixtures, etc., at Mason's Hall, 

Basinghall Street. 
2.0. — Drew and Sons : Freeholds, copyholds, and leaseholds : 

Richmond, Kew, Ashford, Hammersmith, and Pimlico, at 

S.O. — Osbom and Mercer : Leaseholds, four residenots, W. Kensing 

ton, at Mart. 
1.0. — Fox, E., and Bousfield : leasehold warehouse, and stocks and 

shares, at Mart. 

12.0.— British Maritine Mortgage Trust : Cannon Street HoteL 
12.0. — Odam's Mannre'and Chemical: 116, Fenchurch Street. 
12 0. — Petroleum Engine : 23, Queen Victoria Street. 
1.0. — H. Spicer and Co. : Farringdon Street. 
2.30.— Waihi Gold Mining : U, Abchurch Lane. 
3.0. — South American and Mexican ShareholJers Association : Win- 
chester HoQse. 
t.O. — Scottish Corporation : General Court of Governors. 

10.0. — London County Council : Licensing Committee, Newingtoa 

Sessions House. 
12.0. — L'nveiling of Gordon Statne, Gravesend. 

1.0.— Royal Veterinary College : lutroduL-tory Lecture liy Prof. Brown. 
1.15.— Mission to City men (St. Mary, .\Hcrmauburv\ Rev. \\'. Hay 

4.30.— Bedford College, York Place, Baker Street : Inaugural Adlresp 

by Prof. R ticker 
8.0. — Metropolitan Railway Federation : PaJdington Radical Ciub, 

Paddington Green. 
8.0. — Sir Charles Russell on Unemployei Qnestion: Town Hall, 


Jhtirch Congress Birmingham : — 

Morning. — Town Hall: Church Services, Viscount Halifax. 
Midland Institute : " Preaching, and a Prea:hing Or Jer." 
Congress Hall : " Parish Coimcils Bill," 
Afternoon. — Town Hall : " Employers and Employed." 
Evening. — Town Hall : " The Anglican Commmiion." 
Midland Institute : " Home Missions." 
Congress Hall : Working-men's Meeting, subject " Licensing 

Xorwich Mtislcal Festival :— 
MoOng.—" Golden Legend," Sir A. Sullivan. 
Evening.— " Una," Gane. (Preceded by Fanta--ia by IL 

Lord R. Churchill at Stalybridge. 
Opening of Rayner Park, Stockton, by Duke and Du he.^ of 

Baptist Union, Reading, Presidential Address. 
Railwayman's Congress at Glasgow. 
Welsh Land Coimnission at Towyn, Slerionetbshlre. 



7.30.— Dmry Lane : Theatre Royal, " A Life of Pleasure." 
8.0. — Adelphi Theatre : " A Woman's Revenge." 
8.15.— Haymarket Theatre : ." The Tempter." 


, 8.15.— Comedy Theatre : " Sowing the Wind." 
8.15. — ^Daly's Theatre (Leicester Square) : " The Foresters," 


7.45.— Gaiety Theatre: " La Mascotte." 

8.50.— Criterion Theatrt : " La Fiile de Mailame Angot." 


8.45.- Vaudeville : " A Trip to Chicago." 
9.O.— Globe Theatre : " Charley's Aunt." 


8.15.— Strand Theatre : " A Modem Don Quixote." 


7.30.— Alhambra : " Fidelia " and " Chicago." 

7.30.— PaUce Theatre : " A Palace o' Archies " and " Scaramou-h." 

7.30.— The TivoU : Varieties. 

7.30. — The Parilicai : Varieties. 

7.30.— Empire : "^Katrina " and " The Girl I Left Behind Me." 


11.0.-11.0.- Earl's Court Exhibition.— Bank of H.M. Scots Guaris. lU 

3.0. & 8.0. — Moore and Burgess Minstrels. 
3.0. & S.O.— Egyptian Hall (J. X. Maskelyne> 

Kick Off. ' SPORTS. 

P.Jt. . rOOIBAIX. 

2.45. — Sussex Dolphins v. Eastbourne College (Association.), Drnns- 

wick Place, Brighton. 
3.15. — ^tlaidstone v. Chatham (Association), at (Chatham. 
3.30. — ScotsGuards V. First Battalion Sherwood Foresters (Association), 

at TufueU Park. 


W. J. Peall V. T. Taylor, at the Aquarium. 
T. Taylor V. W. filler, "Ship" Tavern, Vauxhall CriJg* 

Crescent S. C. Costume Entertainment. 


Wlvenboe and Rowbedge Regatta. 


Royal Blackheath Cup, Blackhcath. 


Yorkshire v. Lancashire, Corpyralioa Baths, WakeSeUi 


Vol. I.] 


[No. 1. 


What is to bo done with Homo Rule next session? 
Until that tjuostion is answered, no one can even 
guoss what will bo the course of business. ^Minis- 
tiTs therefore at the November Cabinet must 
decide first and foremost what thoy will propose 
to do about Homo Rule, before they propose to do 
anything else what(^vcr. But although Ministers 
propose, the Irish dispose. 

If the Irish insist upon the rointroduction of 
the Home Rule Bill and the sterilisation of the 
whole Session only in order that the House of 
Lords may reject the Bill a second time by a 
majority of ten to one, they will no doubt be 
obeyed. But the Liberal majority will obey as the 
gladiators obeyed in the arena, crymg, "^ce Cicsar, 
nos moriinri ie sahttamus." For there is not a man 
iji our ranks who docs not know that the sacrifice of 
another Session to the dressing of a Home Rule 
Bill merely that the Peers may have the amuse- 
ment of throwing it out of the window, amid tlie 
cheers of an English crowd, is, to put it tersely, 
suicide and blue ruin. Suicide for the cause of 
Home Rule. Blue ruin for the Liberal party. 
We simply dare not face the constituencies with 
no other record than a couple of Sessions wasted, 
not in an attempt to carry Home Rule, but in 
sending a Bill up to be rejected by the House of 

The Irish, who are much acuter politicians than 
tLe somewhat sluggish English, appreciate this 
fact more keenly than we do. Already we have 
United Ireland declaring that it fails to see the 
advantage of reintroducing the Bill next year, and 
we take it none of the Irish wish to press Home 
Rule beyond the point at which it would wreck 
their one chance of carrying it, which consists in 
the election of a Home Rule majority to the next 
House of Commons. Mr. Gladstone has com- 
mitted himself to nothing. At Edinburgh, he 
referred to the Bill as " a measure which, if I can 
estimate the future, will nextSession reappear above 
the waves in which it has for a moment appeared 
to founder." That amounts to even less than the 
usual Gladstonian pledge, which is always framed 
with a statesmanlike perception of the possible 
exigencies of the party whip. The Gladstonians 
outside Ireland are almost to a man impatient 
to get something done which can be paraded 
before their constituencies as an instalment of the 
Newcastle programme. Yet we all admit that 
we must keep the green flag with the crownless 
harp flying at the peak. Otherwise there will be 
a mutiny in the forecastle, and the Irish crew will 
scuttle the ship. We must keep them in good 
humom* if we would keep the ship afloat. But if 
■we have to throw over all our other cargo in order 
to load up with the Home Rule Bill, we shall be 

so top-heavy wo shall capsize. What Minister!! 
have to do is to devise a toinpromiso which will 
satisfy the Irish that lloinc! Ruh; is being kept 
to the fore, while leaving the English, the Scotch, 
and the Welsh some little chance of being aljle 
to satisfy their constituents that they have not 
Bacritloed everything to Irish Homo Rule. 

The situation, though dilllcult, is not iin|iossi1jlo. 
All that the Irish is that the House of 
Commons shall again a lirm its devotion to Home 
Rule. All that the English want is a chance 
to attend to their own all'airs. Both sides would 
obtain what they want if, instead of bringing 
in the old Bill once more, with a few inevitable 
alterations. Ministers would introduce a short 
measure, a draft of which I publish on another 
page, constituting an Irish National Convention 
at Dublin, for the purpose of considering in the 
Recess the details of the Home Rule Bill. We 
must never forget that in attempting to frame a 
Constitution for the Irish people by a Cabinet 
and Parliament at AVestminstcr, we are acting 
irrationally and contrary to invariable precedent. 
As Sir Gavan DufTy reminded us two years ago, 
the natural and legitimate way in which every 
Colonial Constitution has been framed, is by the 
active co-operation of the men who will have to 
administer it, after full and free debate among the 
people for whom it is designed. Ireland might, 
at least, claim to be treated as respectfully as a 
Colony. Neither can we ignore the fact that 
practically the Home Rule Bill was not discussed 
by the representatives of the Irish majority. 
They sat silent while their leaders enforced assent 
by a cast-iron discipline to provisions many of 
which were bitterly resented by their constituents. 
Would it not be a useful training in the diflicult 
art of self-government if the Irish members were 
to be constituted as a Special Committee of the 
House of Commons in the Rotunda at Dublin, 
with instructions to consider the Home Rule 
BiU of last Session, and to report the same to 
the House at the end of 1894, with such 
amendments as they deem indispensable 1 We 
should then know where we stand. We should 
have recognised the principle of Home Rule, 
and have done homage to the right of the Irish 
to frame their own Constitution, and we could 
please ourselves whether we sent the BUI up to 
the House of Lords for them to reject it, or 
whether we circumvented them by reading the 
Bill a second time and then relegating it to a 
Committee of all the Irish members sitting at 
Dublin during the Recess The former would 
be the easier, the latter the more practical. Buc 
whichever course is taken the Home Rule block 
would be raised for next Session, while the Home 
Rule flag will be kept flying at the fore ! What 
better could man ask 1 

The Daily Paper. 

[OCTOBEB 4, 1893. 


The cliances of avoiding a collision between the Matabele 
and the troops of the Chartered Company in Maahonaland 
are diminishing. Large impis are reported to be on the 
borders [of Maahonaland, and are believed to be making 
for Fort Charter. Lobengula is said to be enraged at the 
cattle thefts of the Mashonas. Mr. Rhodes has not yet 
arrived at the front. Mr. Selous [is at Tuli. The scouts 
have fallen back on Fort Charter before the advancing 
impi. The Chartered Company have 300 mounted men at 
each of their three forts, well-oflScered and equipped, with 
machine guns on galloping carriages. Each fort has, 
besides this movable column, a garrison of 200 men. 

Mblilla, a Spanish town on the Moroccan coast, was on 
the 2nd the scene of a bloody aflfray. The Spaniards 
offended the susceptibilities of the Moors by erecting a fort 
in a position which overlooked the burial-ground of a 

mosque. Seven 
thousand Kabyles 
therefore flimg 
themselves upon 
the fort, and after 
a day's hard fight- 
ing drove out the 
garrison, which 
fell back upon 
MeliUa, with a 
loss of eighteen 
' men and two offi- 
cers killed and thirty-five wounded. The Spaniards from 
their fort in the town then played upon the Moors with 
artillery, causing great slaughter. The Spanish garrison of 
three hundred men is to be reinforced, and remonstrances 
addressed to the Sultan of Morocco. 

BrssiAS newspapers recently sent a complimentary tele- 
gram to the Parisian press about the visit of the Russian 
fleet to Toulon. For this attempt to give political signi- 
ficance to a visit of courtesy, their representatives were 
summoned before the ceusor, and snubbed for their pains. 
They were told that their "corporate action was most 
improper, as the representation of Russia rested in other 
hands than theirs. 

In the Argentine Republic the insurrectionary movement 
headed by Dr. Alem, the Radical leader, has been com- 
pletely suppressed. Dr. Alem was arrested after the 
Bitrrender of Rosario to the National troops. 

No such good news is to hand from Brazil, where 
Admiral de Mello is preparing to bombard the city of Rio. 
The provinces are revolting against Admiral Peixoto, who, 
however, keeps his hold upon the capital, with an army 
of 5,000 men. Each side telegraphs, as usual, that they 
are on the eve of success, but the Admiral with his fleet 
seems to have the best of it. 

Sib JMortimeb Dcuaxd, with the British Mission, will 
arrive at Cabul to-day. During the whole of the journey 
the Ameer has provided magnificently for the comfort of 
the Mission. 

The deadlock in the United States Senate on the silver 
question continues, the Presidcut liaving resolutely insisted 
upon the unconditional repeal of the Purchase law 

The Baptist Union held its first autumnal meeting at 
Reading yesterday, beginning with a missionary breakfast. 
The Baptist Missionary Society appeals for an extra 
£30,000 a year. 

The 33rd Church Congress began its sittings, yesterday, 
at Birmingham, the Bishop of Worcester being president. 
There was a reception by the Mayor, and after the sermons 
the Bishop delivered his inaugural address, dealing with 
Parish Councils Bill, Disestablishment, the Birmingham 
Bishopric, and the Obligation of the Church. At the 
evening meeting the increase of the Episcopate and Lord's 
Day olwervances were discussed. 

Last night Mr. Goschen replied to Mr. Gladstone's 
recent Edinburgh speech before the Unionist demonstration 
in the same city. Mr. Goschen defended the action of the 
Lords, glorifying the L^^nionist Party, and challenged Mr. 
Gladstone to say what he meant to do. 

The coal strike continues, and yesterday the coal-owners 
meeting at the Westminster Palace Hotel decided to accept 
the proposal made by the Mayors of Leeds, ShelHeld, Brad- 
ford, Nottingham, Derby, and Barnsley, for a joint confer- 
ence at Sheffield on the 9th inst. Representatives of the 
coal-owners will therefore attend. They declared unani- 
mously that no settlement could be made that did not 
include a reduction of wages. 

Lord SALisBrBV has written a letter to a correspondent, 
expressing his deep regret at the progress of the conflict 
between the coal-owners and miners. He fears tbe injury 
done to both sides will be profound and lasting, and regrets 
that no opportunity was given for a discussion of the 
question in the House of Commons ; but he is not aware 
that any plan Las been suggested by which legislation 
could arrest or mitigate the injuries uuder which this in- 
dustry is suffering. 

Owiso to the increase in the price of coal and the 
expected rise in the cost of gas, the London School Board 
will open their schools at 1.30 instead of 2 o'clock, and 
close half an hour earlier. 

A SMALL crowd of the unemployed marched from the 
Tower, yesterday, to St. Luke's Vestry Hall, but the vestry 
refused to see them. They then went to Shoreditch 
Vestry, where they were allowed to visit the public gallery ; 
but they behaved t'uemselves so badly that they had to b© 
turned out by the police. 

The Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants held 
their annual Conference at Glasgow, yesterday, and re- 
ported an addition of iO branches and 791 members during 
the year. 

Sib STEVE^-sos Blackwood, the secretary of the General 
Post Office, and well known as a leading Evangelical, died 
on the 2nd, at Harwiiti, on his homeward journey from the 
Continent. He was in his sixty-second year, and died from 
the after efi"ects of influenza. 

The London County Council met yesterday for the first 
time after the recess. They decided (1) to introduce a bill 
dealing with the safety of theatres, (2) to inquire into the 
best means of obtaining information on the question of 
locomotion in London, and then (3) refused to take any 
action in the matter of the Albert Palace, on account of 
Mr. Passmore Edwards's refusal to contribute the sum 
which he had promised for its purchase. 

The result of the Brighton School Board election was 
declared last night. There were twenty-three candidates 
for fifteen seats. The new board will consist of six imscc- 
tarians, five churchmen, and four independents. The 
schoolmaster with a grievance went in at tlie head of the 
poll with twenty thousand, thirteen thousand more than 
those recorded for the next. 

The cholera is dying out in Hamburg, no fresh cases 
being reported yesterday. In Palermo the deaths from 
cholera average one per hour. Only two choleraic cases 
were reported in England the day before yesterday — one at 
Hull and the other at Rothcrhithe. 

OOTOBIR 4, 1893.] 

The Daily PAriiR. 

Tim Frinch text of the Draft of tho Tn-uty it Conven- 
tion whioh BottlcHl the (lifforfncos bctwcon Fmnw iiml 
Siiiin bas boon imblislicd. Siftin rcnoiinceB all cbiiin to 
tiio territory on tlie left bank of tho Mokon^ Ilivt r, ami 
binds horaolf neithor to place armo»l vobbcIs on tlio IMokonf,', 
or oonfltnict any military jx^t in tho provinccB of Huttiuu- 
banf? ami Sioifireap, or within liftoon milos of tho ri^'lit 
bank of the Mekon;?. Siani is alBo forbidden to mainluin. 
any armed force in this region, and has to liave special 
regulations as to Customs duties, and afTord special 
facilities to French citizens who may wish to travel or, 
do busiiuBs therein. The effect of this is that, while tho| 
left bank of the Mekong passes entirely from Biam, Franco 
asserts the right of control almost amounting to poBseHsion 
over the provinces of Battambang and Siemroap, and nil 
the territory lying within fifteen miles of the right bank' 
of the Mekong. Conaulates are to be establiBhed whcrevor 
the French Government think proper, particularly at 
Khorat and at Muang Nam. The French Governmont 
will occupy Chantaboon until the execution of the stipula- 
tions in the Treaty of the Convention. The accompanying 
map will enable any one to see at onoe the extent to which 
the new Treaty makes over Siam to France, — 

.Fr-e^t^A ^ Tej-ritofy cctUd, by SiccriL toTrmic* 

623 ^WjTije^e. ierritory siibjccttorcstrixtxj}TLS 

The Revenue received from between April the Ist and 
September 30th, was £1,271,412 less than that received in 
the corresponding period of 1892. The expenditure shows 
a reduction of £247,844. 

The Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police has issiied 
his report for the year 1892. The force consists of 13,314 
men, whose pay amounted to £1,264,000. 

Burglaries have gone' up, and manslaughter has gone 
down. There were only twenty-five manslaughters last year. 

Between eleven and twelve o'clock last night, a ware- 
houseman named Whitehead put two buUets through the 
head of his mistress, Daisy Edwards, in Claremont Square, 
Pentonville, and then shot himself. The woman may 
recover, Whitehead is expected to die. 

Two housebreakers were sentenced to four and five years 
rebpcctively at Clerkenwell yesterday for house-breaking. 

A DKAi. Bolicitor named Kdwardn was yosfi nlay oom- 
mittod for trial on five oliargi.B of miHa])i.ropriati..,n of truut 
funds amounting to £10,0UU. 

Tub mattroBB and bc'dding factory and warohoiiHo of 
MoBsrB. lx>ngley, of York Street, I.crdH, wan l.tirnt down 
yoetorday morning. Damages, £25,000. From lifly to 
Bixty poo|>lo had to bo rescued at tho Tcmpurunco Il.ti 1 at 
the opposite side of tho street. 

A MANUFAOTOUY of English woollen goods at Onmbfrg, 
m yilesia, has been burned down. It was covered with 
insurauco to tho amount of £22.~),000. 

(■' "'*' ■ 

A aBiAT storm has been raging in New Orleans for the 
last two days. Tho Orange crop on tho Gulf States liua 
been destroyed, and twenty-four persons lost their lives. 

Lord Tinktson'b pastoral drama, " Tho ForesterB." was 
produced at Daly's Theatre last night. i\liss Ada Rohan 
played Maid Marian. It was a brilliant spectacle, and 
was &■ aucceBsfuI as s 'picture as it was a failuru as a 

The Norwich Jlusical Festival began last night with a 
performance of Mendelssohn's oratorio, " St. Taul." 

The Opium Commission will meet on November 15th at 
at Calcutta.^ 

The Qceex, who is entertaining the Russian Grand 
Duchess Elizabeth Fcodroftna at Balmoral, yesterday iot>k 
the Grand Duchess out for a drive in the afternoon. 

The Prince of Wales will return from Scotland at the 
end of the.week. . j 

The Tsab with his family is enjoying himself at 
Fredensborg, where he has been joined by the Princess of 

Yesterday the Duke and Duchess of York received the 
freedom of the city of Edinburgh, opened a new wing lately 
added to a hospital for incurables, and received various 
deputations. The city was decorated and the streets 

The Marquis and Marchioness of Salisbury left Dieppe 
last night, and will arrive at Hatfield this morning. 

No special invitations will be issued to the funeral of 
Professor Jowett on Friday, but all friends will be 

Prince Bismarck 'is still unwell at Kissingen, and his 
friends are somewhat uneasy as to his recovery. 

Ladt Henry Somerset will shortly return to America, 
leaving Miss Willard in this country. Miss Willard has 
not sufficiently recovered her health to return to America. 

Madame Novikoff has returned this year sooner than 
usual from Marienbad, and is once more in her old quartera 
at Claridge's Hotel. 

Lord Thbing yesterday distributed prizes at St. Thomas'i 
Medical School, and delivered an address. 

Mr. W. F. Petrie addressed the students at the opening 
of University College, illustrating his observations on the 
inter-relation of studies by interesting references to the 
recent discoveries in Egyptology. 

£25,000 is the price which Prince Bismarck is said to 
have received for the copyright of his memoirs, which ha 
has just completed. The purchaser is forbidden to publisU 
them during the author's life. 


The Daily Paper. 

[October i, 1893. 


From Our Special Commissioner. 

THiBTY-FOrB years ago tliere was no Church Congress, 
for the thirty-third Congress has just opened in this 
" strong city of the Midlands." That fact alone is indica- 
tive of the transformation which has come over the Church 
of England in the lifetime of the present generation. The 
Congress is a sign and symbol of the quickened vitality of 
the Church of England. The fact that it should be 
received, and enthusiastically received, in Birmingham 
is also a fact typical of much. Twenty years ago Birmingham 
was the head and centre of the militant Nonconformist. The 
Birmingham Education League, with Mr. Chamberlain, Dr. 
Dale, and Mr. G. DIson at its head, sent forth its emissaries 
into all parts of the country to preach what was practically 
a jehad or Holy War against Church schools, and in- 
directly in favour of Disestablishment. Now all this is 
changed, and the echoes of the old controversies of the 
Education League have died away. Mr. Chamberlain has 
become the guardian angel of the established order of 
society, political and ecclesiastical. Dr. Dale entertains 
Canon Gore as his guest,[and Mr. George Dixon is gathered 
into the fold of the faithful Unionists, who strengthen the 
hands of Lord Salisbury in maintaining the Establishment 
as one of the buttresses of the Act of Union. Politics have 
had a greater effect upon religion in Birmingham than else- 
where, and it is not surprising that the hearts of the eager 
Churchmen are already elate with the thought that before 
long an Anglican bishop of Birmingham may divide the 
allegiance of the Midland capital with Dr. Dale, who has 
eo long been regarded as its pope. 

Although the Church revived and militant seems to be 
going forth conquering and to conquer, the great mass of 
the population of Birmingham is outside either church or 
chapel. Last November, when a census was taken of 
those who attended church service on one Sunday evening, 
it was found that a little more than one-sixth of the popu- 
lation attended either church or chapel. The figures showed 
that 99,000 were inside places of worship, and 569,000 
outside. So as the mountain would not go to Mahomet, 
Mahomet has come to the mountain, and the Church 
Congress has gone to Birmingham, with all its notables 
arrayed in all theii- ecclesiastical panoply. 


The Congress opened v.-ith three remarkable sermons. 
The Archbishop of Canterbury preached at St. Martin's, on 
Balaam, " when he went not as at other times to seek for 
enchantments, but set his face towards the wilderness." 
Bishop Westcott preached upon the fellow-citizenship of 
the saints, while Archdeacon Farrar spoke eloquently upon 
the works of the Church, proclaiming aloud that he was in 
no mood to daub tottering walls with nntemjiered mortar or 
to express contentment with things as they were. " We want 
prophets and we want saints : " that was the burden of his 
demand. Of the three the Archbishop's sermon was the 
most remarkable, although Bishop Westcott let fall one 
weighty sentence when he declared that social, commercial, 
municipal, and national activity was part of the one human 
life which Christ had lived, the expression in due measure 
of the nature which Christ had borne. 

The Archbishop dwelt with the skill of an accomplished 
advertising agent upon the work of the Church. He praised 
the good works of his Church, and published abroad that 
his Church, and almost his Church alone, was the hope of 
the world. " The world's interests through heathendom, the 
nation's interests through its poor population, and no less 
the higlicst interests of religious science are vested in the 

Church of England." He then went on with unoonscioui 
humour to complain that the bane of our time is " advertise- 
ment, self-publication, and a willingness to be paraded, and 
the absence of these qualities is the characteristic seal 
which must be implanted upon the work of our church." 


The inaugural address was delivered by the Bishop of 
Worcester at half-past two o'clock in Bingley H&ll. After 
having dealt with the programme of the Coagr^ss, he 
referred to the reunion of Christendom in the following 
terms : — 

One subject, indeed, we may be told works or acts in 
a region quite beyond the range of practical Churoh- 
manship. The reunion of Christendom is a dream and an 
impossibility. The barriers which confront us when we 
seriously consider it are such as cannot be thrown down. 
Why should we discuss impossibilities? I answer, the 
impossibilities of one generation are the conquests and the 
triumphs of another. It may be a dream and an ideal 
which is presented to us. But a dream may have its glory 
and its accomplishment, and an ideal may have its high 
inspiration. The world would be poor indeed without it* 
dreams and its ideals. 

Then passing on to consider the problems before the 
Church, the Bishop defended the Parish Councils Bill, 
earnestly imploring the Church not to oppose it as a whole. 
He regarded it as a natural and necessary corollary to the 
County Councils BUI. He even went so far as to s;iy : — 

The transference of doles and charitable trusts to other 
hands than those of incumbents and churchwardens doej 
not seem to me fraught with any appreciable mischief. 

After deprecating this disestablishment of the English 
Chxirch in Wales, he proceeded to console his hearers by 
assuring them that the Church would survive even [dis- 


He concluded with a very eloquent peroration as to the 
duty of the Church to go forward : — 

"Why look for ever backwards ? Why attempt to resus- 
citate the past, to make the past the form and measure of 
the present, to array the present in the cast-off clothes of 
some effete system? God's voice is not a voice which 
spake once or twice in history, and is now for ever silent. 
The message given to the early Church cannot satisfy us. 
The message given to an Augustine or a Chrysostom was for 
their times, not for ours. The voice which spoke to the 
mediaeval Church speaks in other tones now. 

The Church of the future has, I believe, a yet nobler 
mission. The spirit of God lives and moves within her, 
prompting her to a yet larger conception of God's world, 
and of the claims which that world has upon her. To 
set free . the individual conscience was the work of the 
Reformation. To bind together free individuals in a 
brotherhood of freedom is a task which God has given us. 
Let us take care to recognise and fulfil it. God hsu been 
teaching His Church, and warning her by history, by 
science, by criticism, in spite of the suspicions and 
antagonisms of a too narrow faith, to evolve a more glorious 
harmony than any that the past has ever dreamt of. The 
antagonism of the Church, of all Churches, to the ir- 
resistible march of the world, form a melancholy page in 
their history. How vain to attempt to resist that march, 
when it is God's own hand that guides it. " Woe," says an 
eloquent French preacher, " woe to the Churches that look 
behind them like Lot's wife ; like her they will become, if 
they have not become already, mere monimients of death." 

After the Bishop's inaugural address, a paper was read 
on " The Increase of the Episcopate," followed by a dis- 
cussion. In the evening we discussed " Education " in 
the Town Hall, under the presidency of the Bishop of Eilin- 
burgh, while in the Midland Institute the Arohbiahop of 
Dublin presided over a discussion on " Sunday ObsorTance." 

OOTUBKIt 4, KS"J3.] 

TiiK Daily PArnu. 


An Appeal to Nonconfor;-ni8ts. 

It Ib ft curious illiiBtration of tlieoppoainK anil upparpnlly 
omfliotiiii? currents of opinion and of tondnncy in Knfjliiml, 
that while the Churchnicn arc quaking in thoir eliocs iit 
the thought of iuipiuilin;; (liBostivIiliahment, Noni-onfurmiata 
are disuiully conttMnplnting the proapett of impending 
extinction. If we amy bolievo the dospomling on both eidcs, 
it seems that it is an even chance whether the Engliuh 
Church will bo tliseetiildishcd before the last Dissenter 
perishes from rural En^'land. The pessiiniats on both 
sides cannot bo correct. If Dissent is on its last legs the 
Church assuredly has nothing to fear ; for although tbo 
Liberation Society may be patronised by agnostics, it is 
maintained, organised, and financed by Nonconformists. 
The pessimists among the Nonconformists have, however, 
more to say for themselves than the despondent among the 
Anglicans. ^ 


The depiction of the agricultural districts consequent 
upon the continual fall in the price of corn and tlie in- 
creasing pressure of American competition, tells much mure 
heavily upon Nonconformists than upon Churchmen. It 
will indeed be a curious Nemesis if the descendants of the 
men who steered, the Maijflower across the Atlantic were to 
out up by the roots the struggling remnant of the Puritans 
in rural England. The depression in agriculture hits the 
Nonconformists harder than the Churchmen, for two 
reasons : first, because as a rule the Churchman belongs 
to the wealthier classes, and has more staying power, in 
the shape of realised capital ; and, in the second place, the 
Nonconformist being more independent and self-reliant 
both in character and in creed, is more ready to venture forth 
from his native village and seek his fortune in the towns. 


But this is not the only cause which has told heavily against 
the rural Dissenter. Fifty years ago the Nonconformist 
chapel was the natural and often the only refuge for those who 
had any craving for a religion less formal than the perfunc- 
tory performance which was gone through according to law 
in the parish church. But since then much has happened. 
The Church of England has been transformed. The lazy, 
slug-a-bed, toping parson, who thought much more of fox- 
himting and of society than of the cure of souls, has been 
practically eliminated under tho pressure of competition, 
and of the enthusiasm of a religious revival. Rural Non- 
conformity, in short, is being crushed between the upper 
millstone of the Church revival and the nether milUtone of 
agricultural depression. 


For some time these facta have been known to all those 
who have any practical acquaintance with life in the shires. 
They were brought home more vividly to me by a young 
business man in the City, who was almost the last person in 
the world whom I should have suspected of sensitiveness 
on this subject. But what is bred in the bone will come 
out in the flesh, and my friend comes of a long line of 
Puritan ancestors. The Battle of Naseby was fought upon 
the farm of an ancestor, whose tomb, bearing a date two 
years after the fateful day on which Cromwell and Irctou 
saved English liberty, is still shown with pride by his 
descendants. The family for two centuries have preserved 
their Puritan traditions — tilling their acres, tending their 
flocks and herds, and rigorously maintaining the ordinances 
of the sanctuary as they were delivered to theii' forefathers 
in the stormy period of the civil wars. 


" I toll you what it in," snid my frimd U) iik'; " if wo who 
have gone out of thu villagrs do not make a stand and help 
those whom we have loft behind to hold their own againiit 
tho Church, tho chapel will havo to go under. Just look 
what is happening at my own place. My father is gone; 
I am in business in London ; I cannot go down and fill tho 
place which ho has left vacant. Tho Church parbon do<.B 
not like to havo Dissenters in the village. Tho lanJlonl 
hobnobs with the parson, and it would be nothing unusual 
if wc were turned out to make room for some ono who will 
regularly attend church and back up the parson. This 
kind of thing is going on more or less all over England. 
Competition, you may say, is the soul of business, but this 
is not fair competition. Nonconformity has always been 
struggling to hold its own against heavy odds. It is in tho 
position of a private firm which has to compete with a 
business subsidised by the State and advertificd every- 
where as the national house. 


We can stand all that, and if our ranks had not been 
depleted by the migration to the towns, we would not have 
needed to make much fuss about these petty tyrannies of 
parson and squire ; but as the matter stands it is much too 
serious a matter to be tolerated much longer. I can see 
what will happen in my own village, and what will happen 
there has already happened in many other villages. 
Piural Nonconformity is being wiped out, and yet we 
Nonconformists of the villages who have come to tho towns 
and made our own way are twiddling our thumbs and 
doiug nothing." 

" But what would you do ?" I asked. 

" Do ! " said he. " AVhy, wake up the village-bora 
Nonconformists who have made their way in the world, 
and appeal to them to help the little local churches, 
which they have left, struggling with a weakened cause 
and a dwindling congregation I I think we should 
have a very good response both in money and in men, 
and I am ready to work at it as hard as you please 
if you will set the ball rolling. We do not want 
to take any aggressive action against the Church, 
but we do want to prevent the Nonconformist cause, 
which has been the very saving salt of rural England, 
from being extirpated. We want a Sustentation Fund 
raised in the towns for the maintaining of the cause in the 
villages, and what is more we want the town ministers to 
be given to understand that the little country churches 
ought to have a great deal more of their sympathy and 
their countenance. Since 3Ir. Spurgeon died there are very 
few ministers of eminence who think it worth their while 
to come down to the little country places. We have to 
change all that, or else good-bye to Nonconformity in many 
an English couuty." 


I am afraid that it will require more than a Sustentation 
Fund to save the situation : it will require the union of tlie 
Free Churches of England in order tiiat they may make 
common cause against the common danger. 

I shall be glad to receive communications from all those 
interested in town and country as to whether some com- 
bined action cannot be taken to unite the free churches, 
and to rescue from extinction the struggling cause of 
Nonconformity in the rural districts. 


The Daily Paper. 

[October 4, 1893. 


The warning note that is sounded in another column by 
Lady Brooke as to the terrible destitution that seems 
ine^-itablo this winter in some parts of rural England as 
the result of the drought, comes none too soon. Forewarned 
is forearmed. But the to^m will have to help the country,' 
if only to avert the migration which will dangerously 
swell the ranks of the imemployed. 

With able-bodied men in Essex eager for work at eight 
ehillings a week, and not able to get it, what are we to 
think of the fatuity which has led the coal miners to paralyse' 
business for two months rather than agree to refer their, 
difference with their employers to arbitration ? The plea! 
that arbitration simply means readjusting wages in propor-i 
tion to the di-op in prices is nonsense. Prices necessarily 
influence wages, but the miners, if they had really wished 
for peace, could have insisted that other considerations' 
Bhould be taken into account by the arbitrator. Deplorable^ 
as the strike has been, it may yield good fruit if it convinces 
industrial disputants that whichever side refuses arbitra- 
tion really puts itself out of court, and allows judgment tO) 
go against it by default. 

Nothing could have been better than the "spirit of the 

Presidential Address at Birmingham yesterday. The 

Bishop of Worcester's inaugural was indeed in fact an 

eloquent sermon on Lowell's familiar lines : — 

New occasions teach new duties : Time makes ancient good tmcouth ; 
Tbey must upward stUl and onward who wouK keep abreast of Truth 
Lo, before us gleam her camp fires ! we ourselves must pilgrims be, , 
iLauneh our JUayflower and steer boldly through the desperate winter^ 

Kor attempt the Future's Portal with the Past's blood-rtisted key. 

"To bind together free individuals in a brotherhood of 

freedom is the task which God has given us. Let us take 

care to recognise and fulfil it." Unfortunately the majority 

at the Church Congress is much more bent upon insisting 

on shibboleths that divide, than upon the sympathies 

which unite. 

Mb. GoscHEs'a reply to Mr. Gladstone last night at 
Edinburgh was faii-ly effective, but people are bored to 
death with these party recriminations. We have all 
breakfasted, dined, and supped too long on Home Rule, and 
need a respite in order to recover our appetite. Mr. Goschen 
adjures Mr. Gladstone in the name of all that is reasonable 
to tell us what he is going to do. But how can he do so 
when he does not know himself ? All this vapouring about 
the burning desire of the Opposition to appeal to the 
country is just a trifle unreal. The LTnionist members 
would be almost as disgusted as the Gladstonians if they 
were to be compelled to face another General Election this 
year. The recess oratory this year promises to be even 
more hollow and unreal than usual. 

One point in Mr. Goschen's speech was well brought out. 
Whether the House of Lords did wisely or unwisely in 
rejecting the Home Rule Bill, its action has not provoked 
even the shadow of a storm in the most radical districts of 
England. When the Reform Bill was rejected the English 
masses roused themselves in wrath ; but to-day even the 
Liberal caucus abstains from getting up indignation 
meetings, and Mr. Gladstone only counsels calm and 
resolute determination. Until Parliament reassembles in 
November, this calm will prob;ibly]coutinue ; after that more 
will depend upon the measures taken to cope with the 
destitution and lack of employment than anything either 
Lords or Commons arc likely to quarrel ab;,'ut. 

The death of Sir Stevenson Blackwood removes one of 
the most familiar figures in Mildmay Park circles, and 
deprives the Post Office of the services of an eitremelj 
conscientious, but not very progressive administrator. Aa 
energetic go-ahead official as secretary might make all the 
difference to the pace of Post Office reform. Of late it doe» 
Juot seem to have made any difference whether Tories or 
iiiberals supplied the Postmaster General ; " men might 
come and men might go, " but Sir Stevenson Blackwood 
iwent on for ever. 

The application of automatic telepathy to journalism ia 
jno longer a dream. As will be seen from the interview with 
iLady Brooke published elsewhere telepathic commanic»* 
.tion exact and instantaneous has been established between 
Dunrobin Castle] and Dover railway station, a distance rf 
over 600 miles. The documents and evidence in proof of 
this apparenny incredible statement are at our office fof 
,the inspection of the Psychical Research Society. 

Sib MoKTiiiER DcsxyD is expected [to arrive to-day~st 
Cabul. The [Ameer, whose weakness is Scotch whisky, 
and who suffers a good deal from gout and other disordeia 
of excess, seems to be in a good humour, and has given aat 
Mission quite a royal reception. That is very good, fo? 
'missions to Cabul are perilous experiments ; but what does 
the Ameer want ? He gives nothing for nothing, and if h» 
is civil it is because he has a request to make. If it is 
more money he may get it. If it is more guarantee, either 
pf the succession or of his frontier?, he will be leas 
"cessful. Sir Mortimer Durand will be a lucky man if 
comes back as pleasantly as he went. ;.» 

"Would that night or Blucher would come!" Mid 
Wellington at Waterloo. Would that the rains or Bhodn 
would come ! is our prayer for Mashonaland. When th» 
rains set in there will be no fighting. If Mr. Rhodes were 
but on the spot, we should have some reason for believiag 
that the forces of the Chartered Company would be ued 
with discretion. We have absolutely no confidenoa in 
^Captain Lendy, and not overmuch in Dr. Jameson. Aa 
for the settlers, " they have got the jumps," as Dr. Jamesoa 
said. It will need as strong a hand as Mr. Rhodes's to keep 
them from precipitating a fight. 

As Sir John ,Gorst will probably be cither Minister of 
Labour, President of the Local Government Board, or Home 
Secretary in the next Administration, his declaration aa 
to the Labour Farm of the Salvation Army at Hadleigh ia 
important. Sir John has repeatedly visited the Colony in 
order to see things at first hand, and he has now pat it 
on record that in his deliberate judgment it would be a 
national misfortune if want of funds should prevent 
Mr. Booth's experiment being carried out to the end. Such 
a verdict from such an authority is significant 

The Pall Mall Gazette continues to be conducted with a 
fine disregard for all the financial considerations which 
govern newspapers whose proprietors are not millionairo^. 
The stafl' of the paper has been increased about fifty per 
cent, all round since it came into the hands of Mr. Astor, and 
every number that is published costs more to pro.luce than 
it is sold for. The cost of telegraphing the dispatches that 
have appeared in the Pall 3Idll about the recent race for 
the American Cup must have cost more in a week than 
what was paid for special telegrams during the whole 
that the paper belonged to Mr. Thompson. 

OOTOBSU i, lii*J3.J 

The Daily PAriiK. 


At a rough g^i*'** ■* good tliird of tho nrnT\j»o of tho 
ordinary moruiui; daily pniHT is covirod by rcpotitions 
moro or less monotonous and bunal of nrgiiiuints which 
Liive boon stated, rostiitiil, nnd stntod over nnd ovrr iigiiin. 
Ihia consuiuoB spiico and borea tho rcador. To ccunoiuiso 
iinice and at tho samo time to keep tlio roador posted as to 
what ia said in I'arliaiui nt and on tho phitform, I vonturo 
to put forward with all duo dcforonce a suggestion bor- 
rowed from musio. In music there is a variety infinitely 
exceeding the range of political argument, but in tho wholo 
mwe of tho compositions of Handel or Wagner or Gouno 1 
there is nothing that is not succinctly and accurately 
expressed by a combination of arbitrary signa representing 
only sovon notes. Would it not tend to simplify matters if 
we adopted a similar system of political reporting, and 
arranged a system of political notation which would enablo 
OS ^to coudenso into au inch or two tho verbiage that now 
•ubmergea acroa 7 

For instance, take the fullowing very rough attempt -it a 
scale of the arguments on either side on the subject of 
Ilome Rule, denoting arguments for Homo Rule by figures 
a&d those against it by letters. 

The Rival Notations. 

The Home Rule Notation. 
L The Ikisu want Home 
•1. Won't be happy till 

they get it. 
•2. Will bo content 

when they do. 

•3. Ought to have it &a, 

a right. 

4 Dangeuocs to Refuse it. 

1. Coercion in Ireland. 

•2. Obstruction in 

•S. No Liberal Govern- 
ment possible 
without Iriah 

T kft.av ti Blocks the 

1. Legislative famine. 

•2. No Disestablish- 

•3. No Labour Legis- 

•4. No Temperance 

HoiiB Rule Good for 
the Ini^. 
•1. Ufcerty. 
•2. Responsibility. 
•3. Finance. 
•4. Sentiment. 

6l Good for England. 

•1. Satisfies conscience. 
•2. Removes Irish 

•3. Opens door to 
Federal system. 
4 Passed by Comjion;!. 
•1. Fresh from polls. 
•2. After eighty days* 

"3. Anathema on 
. Obstruction. 

The Unionist Xvtafion. 
The Irish are iNCArAr.LE 
OF Self-Goveunuent. 
•I. History. 
•2. America. 
•3. No. 15 Committee 


I. To the Irish.— Set a 
beggar on horse- 
back, etc. 
•2. To England.— 

Marching through 
rapine, etc. 
•3. To the Empire.— 
Allies of all our 

C. Home Rule Blocks the 

•1. Eighty days this 

■2. No legislation till 

it is abandoned. 
3. Create a worse 

block in future. 
•4. Salisbury Govcru- 

meutnot blocked. 

D. Home Rule Lad for 

THE Irish. 
•1. Bankruptcy all 

•2. Religious feuds and 

•3. Douuybrook Fair. 
•4. Rebellion in Ulster. 

E. Bad for England. 

■1. Prestige. 

•2. Union. 

•3. Authority of Par- 

•4 Impossible. 
P. Passed by Commons. 

1. Bill not before con- 

•2. House gagged. 

•3. Majority small. 

•4. Exclusively Irish. 

The Home Rule Notnlion. 
7. Rejeited by Lokih. 
•1. IrrcHponaiblo .Oli- 
•2. Always wrong. 
•3. No right to force 

The Uniimint Notitlinn. 
0. RiJEcrPED by Lohdh. 

1. Unprecedented ma* 

•2. Within constitu" 

tional right. 
■3. Will give in after 

DisHoliitiou if 

"4. Stake in the 


Tub Bad Old Max. 


•1. A wily ol<l Dodger. 

•2. One foot in the 

•3. Sojjhist and Dic- 

'4. Damn! Damn! 

L The Unionist Party. 
•1. Ripest fruit of 

•2. All the talents. 
•3. The real Party of 

•4. Burst up the Home 

Rule BilL 

J. High Falctin'. 
•1. Empire. 
•2. Obligations to 

•3. Protestantism. 
•4. Never give in 1 

K. Stock Wab-whoops. 

•1. Rebel. 

•2 Dynamitard. 

•3. Party of Rapine. 

•4. Traitors. 
L. The Invariable. 

•1. Tu quoque. 

•2. We never did 

•3. And you never did 
right. . 

I began with the intention of summarising Mr. Goschen'a 
speech last night at Edinburgh. But I have used up my 
space in allowing how easily that and all similar apeeches 
might be summarised if reported as music is written, by 
symbols. Mr. Goschen spoke two columns of the Times. 
If we suppose he occupied an hour, the report should be cut 
up into twelve bars of live minutes each, and sixty letters 
with as many decimal points would enable us to sum up hia 
whole argument in half-a-dozen lines. 

Report of Mr. Goschen's speech (new method). A. P. 
(after preamble). 


Of course this is imperfect. It would need a reporter 
with a stop watch to report it correctly. But it is evident 
that when once the new notation is learnt by heart, a glance 
at a letter or a number would often enablo us to understand 
all that is reported in other papers over several columns. 
For instance, it would often be quite sufficient to print : — • 
Last night at Paddington Lord liandolph Churchill — h.'l. 
h-2.h-3.h-4.h-4.h-3.lr2.h-l. ad lib. Yesterday, at Derby, Sir 
W. Harcourt— 12-1. 12-1. 12-1. 12:2.12-2.12 2.12-3.12 3.12 3.8. 

It. would be a great saving of time and patience. If 
speakers said anything briglit, humorous, or new, it could 
be printed ; but the old stock-phrases are so familiar now, 
there is no need to report them otherwise than by the new 
system of political notation. 

8. The G. O. M. (Three U 


•1. Ago. 

"2. Eloquence. 

•3. Authority. 

9. The Liberal Party. 
•1. Always right in the 

•2. Always victorious 
•3. No millennium 

without a Liberal 


10. High Falutin'. 
•1. Remorse. 
•2. Progress. . 
•3. Sympathy. 
•4. Justice. 

XL Stock War-whoops. 

•1. Coercionist. 

•2. Obstructionist. 

'3. Judas. 

•4. Rats. 
12. The Invariable. 

•1. Tu quoque. 

'2. We never did wrong., 

•3. You never did right 



The Daily Paper. 

[OcroDrc 4, 1893. 



Lady Brooke: A Telepathic Automatic Interview. 

Os returning to England on September 14tli from 
Lucerne, it occurred to me that it might be an interesting 
fcatore in The Daily Paper to publish an interview with 
Lady Brooke upon the future of the British ariBtocracy. I 
had not seen Lady Brooke since the publication of the 
article, nor had I heard from her for several weeks, neither 
did I know where she was. I knew that she had been to 
Dunrobin on a visit to her sister the Duchess of Sutherland, 
but I did not know whether she had returned. I had no 
sooner seated myself in the carriage at Dover railway 
station, than I mentally asked Lady Brooke where she 
was, and whether she would have any objection to being 
interviewed upon the subject of the article on the peerage 
as part of "The Wasted Wealth of King Demos." My 
hand at once wrote that Lady Brooke was at Dunrobin 
Castle, and that she would be pleased to accord me &n 
interview on the subject. The interview began in the 
ordinary way, the only difference being that my questions 
were all silently thought in my own mind, and Lady 
Brooke's answers were written with my hand in pencil on 
my knee. 

" Well, Lady Brooke," I said, or rather thought, " what 
do yoQ think now of that article, and of the possibility of 
carrying out its suggestions ? " My hand wrote : — 

" F. E. B. Since your article appeared it has been a con- 
Btant theme of discussion here at Ultima Thnle ; my sister 
is charmed with it, her husband is also interested. I tliink 
you are quite .right in saying that the Sutherlands made 
their county a kingdom. I am here, and I am delighted 
by finding on every hand the unmistakable evidence of the 
immense services which can be rendered to the people and 
tlie country by a nobleman who lives up to his ideas of hia 
responsibility. You should come down to Dunrobin; I am 
enre my sister would be delighted to make you welcome 
*nd take yoo all round the country. It is a realised object- 
lesson of what may be done. I confess that it has been a 

great enconragement to me. Here we live among reclaimed 
bogs, and among tenantry who. are •able to thrive where 
before they Btarved." 

So far my hand wrote straight on without stopping. As 
it was writing the last lines — the message being written 
quite as rapidly aa I usually write^myself, although I had 
not any idea aa to what was about to be written — I kept 
t hinking , « Yee, that is all very well about the Sutherlands 
as benevolent landlords ; but what about their evictions ? " 
I had hardly framed the question in my own mind, when 
my hand wrote : — 

" I know nothing about these'of my own personal know- 
ledge. I suppose that there were great hardships when the 
improvements were going'on. But the Duke did not merely 
clear ; he transplanted. The crofter, who had a miserable 
shieling and a croft where he starved, was given a 
homestead in Canada where he could prosper. If you wish 
to know the difference] between the Scotch and Irish, con- 
trast the Sutherland eviotiena with thoae of Irish land- 

" All right," I ttiooght, « that will do jabout evictions; 
they are past — what about the future.? " 
Then my hand wrote again : — 

" But I will not discuss that. I want to femaik that what 
was done in Sutherlandshiie could never have been done 
but for the lavish ose of immense wealth by the Duke. 
And that is just the weak point of your article. We are 
not a rich aristocracy. We are many of us deadly poor, 
and all the poorer because tradition, society, and pride 
make us go on living beyond our means." 

The thought flashed through my mind, "What about 
plain living and high thinking ? " Then my hand went on 
as if in answer to the suggestion : — 

" It is not as if the aristocracy could set an example in 
this matter. They have been forced to go the pace which 
the nouveaux riche$ set. We have to live when com is 


The Daily PAri-R. 


808. a quarliT us wlun it id 50a. ; but not only that, but 
to keep abreast, if not aliond, of tlio wealthy tradoapeoplo 
who have come into luud. The result is tlint wo are, urnny 
(if U8, little better than sphiulitl paupers. We tlaro not fall 
behind iu the social race, nuJ, as a result, we are like spent 
thoroughbreds, 'Whip and spur as you please, you will not 
be able to niako us ovortoko the others. Wo sliall break, 
but never suirender." 

Then I thought, *' If this be so, what about the scheme?' 

Tlieu Lady Brooke continued : — 

" Now it is easy to see how all this tells upon your 
gorgeous scheme. I admit that much of it is splendid, and 
tlicrc are many who will gladly risk precipitating bankruptcy 
in order to try and realise so great an ideal ; but speaking 
generally it is impossible, not from want of will, but from 
want of means." 

" But," I said, "'surely you can economise on expenditure 
that is stupid, and so obtain means that will enable you to 
work which is much better worth doing [and much more 
interesting." My hand wrote : — 

" You say, 'drop a house-party or^two ; ' but you cannot 
do that so easily. Of course it can be done; but that 
omelette of yours cannot bo cooked without the breaking 
of a great number of eggs. Nor can you drop your old 
friends even for the sake of new ones. How can you do 
away with senseless extravagancc_without pensioning off old 
servants? No; your dream of a regenerated aristocraccy 
once more leading the nation is only a dream, unless some- 
thing occurs to raise the price of land." 

Then I asked, in dospau-, '• Can nothing at all be done ? " 
Then she wrote :— 

" There are some peers who happen to have large 
urban estates. There are, among others, the Westminsters, 
the Bcdfords, the Northamptons, and others who might be 
named. Then there are those who have married bankers' 
daughters and American heiresses. These may have the 
means, but none else." 

By this time the train had reached Canterbury, and as I 
was rather sleepy, having been travelling all night from 
Lucerne, I suspended the interview. An hour afterwards 
I was getting out of the train at Victoria Station when my 
manager met me. I asked him if he had brought me any 
letters. He said, "I have only brought one from Lady 

" I wonder," said I, " if it is on the same lines as what 
she has bcen^writiug with my hand in the train ? " 

Judge my satisfaction, when I read the letter, to find that 
Lady Brooke had written with her own hand, and on her own 
motion, a letter to me which embodied the salient points of the 
interview. In fact, the letter was so like the interview, that 
were it not that I had written the interview between Dover 
and Cunterbury, and did not receive the letter until I 
arrived in London, anyone would simply have thought that 
I had expanded tlie letter into the interview. I at once 
wrote to Lady Brooke and informed her of what had 
happened. I then submitted to her the foregoing interview, 
asking her to indicate whether any of the ideas or observa- 
tions contained in the interview had been consciously 
present to her mind before they were written out by my 

hand, anil whether iu the cobo of any of it she hotl any 
conscious rccfjllectlon of thinking, or whether or not they 
were in accord with her opinions. Lady Brooke's answer is 
as follows : — 

" It is most extraordinary, but yon have been able to 
write down my thoughts witli wonderful exactitude. But 
I would like to add the following further observations : — 
The dropping of a house-party or two has little to do 
with tlio question of expenso. One man costs as much to 
entertain as another, and in your programme yon point out 
that tlie aristrocracy mmt keep 'open house.' If wo 
entertain 'Society' friends, or entertain the servants of 
tlie state, municipalities, etc., it is all the same aa far as 
outlay goes to the entertainer. ^Then the curtailing of 
expense in estate management means throwing many out 
of employment. The inhabitants of the- villages round 
depend on work from the great house and estate — forty 
years' service being common to the men. These have to bo 
pensioned or starve. A man prefers to let his place to the 
rich 'parvenu,' rather than turn off his dependants and 
live in the midst of them in their distress. In Essex alone 
nearly every large place is citlicr let or shut up, owners 
being unable to pay more than the taxes and rates on their 
properties. Tliey are powerless to sell, the estates being 
' entailed.' The labouring class does not profit by this. 
They work for strangers who may or may not take an 
interest in them, but who more often, having no old 
associations in the place, refuse the sympathy and ready 
help that the old landlord's family took in every man, 
woman, and child on his estate. Nothing can help this 
state of things until the 'aristocracy' can live in their 
own homes once more." 

As these pages were passing through the press, Lady 
Brooke told me that the attention of the public ought to be 
called betimes to the alarming prospect before many 
of the rural districts this winter. " In Essex," she said, 
" the distress is already attaining lamentable pro- 
portions. The great failure of crops, which had^ resulted 
from the di'ought, is leading to the reduction of wages in 
all directions, and what ia much worse, is throwing out 
of employment many labourers. Wages in Essex are always 
very low, but they have gone down during the la^t 
few weeks to starvation point. In one district the 
agricultural labourers are not receiving more than Ss. a week, 
and they are glad to get that. In the Dunmow Union 
workhouse there are at the present moment sixty more 
inmates than there has ever been before at this time of the 
year. Usually the labourer succeeds in tiding over ^the 
October and November months by the earnings he has made 
during the harvest. But this year there was hardly any 
harvest to gather. The Outlook is very serious. There are 
few wealthy men in the county, and it is diflScult to see 
where the funds are to come from if anything is to be done 
to cope with the widespread distress." 

Lady Brooke spoke with an earnestness born of painful 
personal acquaintance with the actual miseries of her 
poorer neighbours. If there are any persons in Essex with 
the means and the will to help their fellow-men, they have 
at least a centre of union and inspiration at Easton Lodge. 



The Daily Paper. 

[OcTOEEB 4, 1893. 



Trcst in the Lord with all thine heart ; and lean not unto 

thine own understanding. 
In all thy ways acknowledge Him, and He shall direct thy 

paths. — Prov. iii. 5, 6. 
These words were inscribed on the walls of General 
Gordon's bedroom at Rockstone Place, Southampton, bo 
that they met the eye on waking. 
" Thy lot in life is seeking after thee. Therefore be thon 

at rest from seeking after it." 
One of the sayings of Ali, the son-in-law of Mahomet, 
and one of the greatest and most beloved of all the Caliphs, 
of whom he was fourth. 

The Daily Prayer of St. FRAyois of Assist. 
" My God and my All ! Who art Thou, my sweetest 
Lord and God ? And who am I, a poor little worm, Thy 
servant? Most holy Lord, I wish to love Thee I Most 
Bweet Lord, I wish to love Thee I O Lord, my God, I 
have given Thee all my heart, and all my body,, and I 
most earnestly desire, if I only knew how, to do still more 
for Thy Love. Amen." 


The Vision' of Sib LAxrKFAL. 
Sir Launfal turned from his own hard gate, 
For another heir in his earldom sate ; 
An old bent man, worn out and frail. 
He came back from seeking the Holy Grail. 
Little he recked of his earldom's loss. 
No more on his surcoat was brazoned the croas. 
Bat deep in his soul the sign he bore. 
The badge of the suffering and the poor. 

* • * » m 
" For Christ's sweet sake, I beg an alms," 

. . Sir Launfal sees only the gruesome thing, 
Th3 leper, lank as the rain-blanched bone, 
That cowers beside him. 

Ani Sir Launfal said, " I behold in thee 

An image of Him who died on the tree. 

Thou also hast had thy crown of thorns, 

Thou also hast had the world's buffets and scorns ; 

MUd Mary's son, acknowledge me, 

Behold, through him, I give to thee " . . . . 

The leper no longer crouched by his side, 
But stood before him glorified ; 
Himself the Gate, whereby man can 
Enter the Temple of God in man. 

• • ♦ • • 
And the voice that was calmer than silence said. 
" Lo, it is I, be not afraid. 

In many climes without avail 

Thou hast spent thy life for the Holy Grail ; 

Behold it is here — this cup, which thou 

Didst fill at the streamlet for me but now ; 

This'crust is my body broken for thee, 

This water His blood that died on the tree ; 

The Holy Supper is kept, indeed. 

In what so we share with another's need ; 

Not what we give, but what we share, 

For the gift without the giver is bare . 

Who gives himself with his alms feeds three— 

Himself his hungering neighbour, and me." 



" Religios," says Emerson, " is ag'inexpugnable as the use 
of lamps or of wells or of chimneys. We must have days, 
and temples, and teachers. A wise man advises that we 
should see te it, that we read and speak two or three 
reasonable words every day amid the crowd of affairs and 
the noise of trifles. We no longer recite the old creeds of 
Athanasius or Arius. The forms are flexible, but the uses 
not less real. The old heart remains with its old human 
duties. Here is thought and love [and truth and duty, new 
as on the first day of Adam and of angels." Attendance at 
morning service is for the most of us an impossibility. In 
many of our churches there is no morning service, and 
where the service is there are too often no worshippers. 
Even family prayers, in the rush and scurry of ontching 
trains, the irregularity of business hours, and the decay of 
positive religious belief, has largely gone out of vogue, to 
the immense loss of ^family and social life. But still, in 
Emerson's phrase, "the old heart remains," and the old 
heart craves for something more satisfying than the ground 
bottle glass of party polemics, the endless wranglings 
between the ins and outs, or even the vast resonance that 
fills the press, with the echo of the innumerable happenings 
of yesterday. 

Therefore in T?ie Daily Paper every day, this page, and 
that which adjoins, will be set apart as sacred to the old 
human duties which fill the old human heart. It may be 
a poor substitute for morning service or family prayers, but 
for thousands it will be the only alternative — the only voice 
audible in the babel of life echoing in modem dialect 
the cry of the Muezzin. Every day will have its watch- 
word culled from those which have been the mainstay of 
heroes and the inspiration of saints. Every day will have 
its brief collect, selected from the immense range of devo- 
tional literature that has welled from the human heart 
" since the first man stood God-conquered, with his face to 
Heaven upturned," and every day will have its poem or its 
hymn, its canticle or its psalm, selected with such appro- 
priateness to suit the circumstances of the day as ia 
possible. And every day also will have its brief homily 
— a discourse addressed by earnest men and women of 
all creeds to our readers — based when possible upon some 
of these events of the day, which are the living texts 
of our time In addition to this meditation on the events of 
the passing hour, there will be a page devoted to the memory 
of men and women of renown and of holiness, whose lives 
have made fragrant the centuries that are past. "The 
fortifications of the City of God," says Kichter, "have 
been founded by the Ancients of every age by the history 
of their own. He who knows' not the Ancients is the 
creature of a day, who sees the sun neither rise nor set." 
So each day shall have its saint, or sage, or hero, and 
we shall in time construct a new Calendar out of all 
the calendars, and familiarise the heirs of all the ages 
with the saints andj heroes of all climew and of all re- 
ligions. Nor need any of our readers fear that in this 
new hagiology there will be any limitation bounded by 
shibboleths. Where Grood is, there God is; where Love is, 
there Christ is, and wherever a human being sacrifices 
himself for the service of his fellow, there is the Holy 
Spirit. Nor shall we wait for a hundred years before we 
add our saints to the Calendar. To promote the union of 
all who love for the service of all who suffer is the pur- 
pose of these pages, and I venture to hope that even the 
most cursory reader will find sometimes a momentary calm 
retreat among the thoughts and the memories, tho aspira- 
tions and the prayers of the heroes of our rac5 

October 4, 18i)3.] 

Till' Daily Papmr. 



"My brother, wlu'u tliou scoat a poor man, behold in him 
a mirror of tho Lord." Tho author of this eayiug, St. 
FrnuciBof Assiai.died October 4th, 122G, at tho ago of forty- 
flve. The fourth, therefore, is his day in tho Caleudiir, 
and on that ueeount is ono of tho moat notable in tho 
yeor. For Francis, tho Italian, founder of the Francisean 
Order, one of which, the Friars Minor, numbers to-day 
twenty-five thousand, who are scattered all over tho 
world, is tho greatest saint of the Roman Church. " Christ- 
ianity," according to Ruskin, " up to tho end of tho twelftli 
century, had gone on doing her best for four hundred yeara, 
and the best seemed to have come to very little, when 
there rose up two men who vowed to God it should como 
to more. And they mado it come to more forthwith." 
Of these two great religious powers and reformers of 
the thirteenth century, St. Francis, who taught men how 
to behave, was t^e chief. He was tho great apostle of 
good works. When our ancestors were valiantly re-estab- 
lishing the desecrated temple of English liberty by means 
of the Magna Charta, Francis in Italy was at: the same 
time re-establishing tho philanthropy of Christ by founding 
that " Sacred Army of Jesua 
Christ," the Order of St. 

The story of his lifo is the 
•tory of the struggle of a 
man who had the heart of 
Christ imprisoned in the 
body of an Italian, strug- 
gling against the lusts of the 
flesh by the methods of a 
father, and endeavouring tc 
•ave the world by making 
the passion of pi^y a^id the 
enthusiasm of itclf-sacrifice 
the mainspiings of an or- 
ganisation that adapted to 
mediaeval notions the iron 
discipline of Imperial Rome. 
What , Lowell preached Ib 
" The Vision of Sir Laun- 
fal," Francis preached. 
He, too, met his Christ iu leper's shape, learnt the great 
•ecret of the true Sacrament. 

I' The Holy Supper is kept Indeed 
In whatbo we share with another's need." 

It was when he was still in his early youth, immediately 
after he had received the first call that brought him from 
the couch to the camp for the service of man, that he met 
his Lord. Says the chronicler — 

■Sow, as he was riding one day over the plain of AssisI, he met a leper, 
whose sudden appearance fillel him with fear and horror ; but forthwith, 
lalling to mind that if he would be a soldier of Christ he must first over- 
come himself, he diimonnted from his horse and went to meet the leper 
that he might embrace him ; and when the poor man stretched out his 
hand to receive an aim, he kissed it aud filled it with money. Having 
again moimted his horse, he looked around him over the wide and open 
plain, but nowhere could he see the leper. 

From that day he sought his Lord continiially, with 
fervent prayer and much agony of soul and body, cheered 
at times by heavenly visions, for he dwelt in the Border- 
land, and to his clairvoyant eye many things were plainly 
visible which others could not see, until at last he saw his 
way. It was the Way of the Cross He sold all that he 
had, and dedicated himself to the service of God. 
Hastening to the bishop, he stripped himself to the 
rough hair shirt he wore next his body, and re- 
nounced his inheritance. From that moment Poverty, 
jrhich most men dread, became to him the thing 

most to bo dosircd in 

tiio earth. Ah 



worsliippcd the ludy of liis luvc, ho Francis exulted in his 
mystic devotion to "Thy Lady Poverty, tho Queen of all 
tho Virtues, and tho Seal of Thy Kingdom. Oh, who 
would not lovo tho Lady Poverty al>ovo all! O most 
poor Jesus, I ask this favour for myself and my children 
for ever, that for love of Tlieo they may uevor poHscHa 
anything of their own, that thtiy may uso tiio goods 
of others sparingly, and that thcjj may sulTcr poverty 
as long as they live in this miserable world." Tliia passion 
for poverty, this ecstatic longing for what all men dread, is 
tho distinguishing note which separates this Italian saint 
as by an infinite abyss from the world in which we live. 
Wlicn ho heard tho text in which is recorded Ciirist's 
instruction to His Apostles, bidding them to take neither 
gold nor silver nor monoy in their purses, Francis was filled 
with inconceivable joy. " This," he said, " is what I above 
all things desire, that is what my whole soul craves." And 
when, after solemn prayer to God for guidance, ho three 
times opened the Holy Book, seeking for guidance, he came 
on the first time upon tho text: "If thou will be perfect, 

go and sell all that thou 
hast and give to tho poor." 
Tho second time the text 
was : " Take nothing for 
your journey." And tlio 
third time: "lie who will 
come after Mo, let him 
deny himself and take up 
his cross and follow Me." 
Upon these three texts, as 
upon three corner stones, 
reposes the stately fabric of 
the Franciscan Order. 

It is impossible here even 
to sketch in merest outline 
.the labours of this hero- 
'saint of mediaeval philan- 
thropy. I can only allude to 
his all-consuming passion of 
pity, his delight in sacrifice, 
to lus almost savage combat 
against the flesh and its temptations and lusts. There was a 
strong animal natiu'e in this man, which sometimes almost 
proved too strong for his imperious soul. AVhat he would 
have been had he not lived so sparely and disciplined hia 
body — "^Brother Ass," he used to call it — with almost incon- 
ceivable austerities, it is difficult even to imagine. Even as 
it was the flames of temptation were sometimes so fierce that 
the saintly ascetic had to plunge naked, in midwinter, into 
snowdrifts, and lie there half frozen, the more perfectly to 
subdue his domestic enemy. Think of it as we please, this 
man wrestled as for the life of Ms immortal soul against 
the Tempter within. 

" I should be accounted a thief by the great AJmsgiver 
were I to withhold that which I wear from him who has 
greater need of it than I," said St. Francis on one occasion, 
when in the bitter cold he stripped himself of his cloak to 
give it to a poor man whom he met on his way to Siena. 
He was an invalid at the time, and his companions remon- 
strated with him. " It is fitting," he said, " that I should 
restore this cloak to this jwor m;'.n, for it is his. And 
I accepted it ouly till I should faid some one poorer 
than m^vself." To-day, ten per cent, of this spirit 
among the Haves would be the salvation of the Haye- 




The Daily Paper. 

[OCTOBEB 4, 1893. 


Interview with Miss Robins. 

Three years ago, sliortly after I had returned from Ober- 
AniuicrgLiu, a lady called at my office and asked me if I 

could give her introductions to 
the Burgomaster and leading 
actors in the eacrcd drama 
then being performed in the 
Bavarian Highlands. The lady, 
who was a stranger to me, 
explained that she was an 
actress on the London stage, 
who desired to study the 
Ammergau play, not so much 
from the point of view of the 
spectator as from that of the 
professional artiste She wanted 
to go behind the scenes, to 
watch the play from the back 
of the stage, and to learn all 
about the way in which this unique peasant troupe overcame 
all the familiar practical difficulties which confront those 
who mount and act stage plays. There was about my visitor 
Buch a genuine enthusiasm in her art, such a healthy 
practical scientific determination to sec whatever could be 
Been that might enable her more fully to understand the 
possibilities of the drama, that I gladly gave her the 
introductions she required, and begged her to call again 
after her return. 

That was my first introduction to Miss Elizabeth Robins, 
then comparatively but little known, for she had not at 
that time won her brilliant reputation es the creator on 
the English stage of several of the most difficult roles in 
Ibsen's plays. Like the rest of us she made the pilgrimage 
to Ober- Ammergau and stayed under the hospitable roof 
of the good King Herod.- Tlie kindly village folks, from the 
Burgomaster downwards, facilitated her study of the play 
from behind the scenes, and after spending a delightful 
fortnight under the shadow of the Cross-crowned Kofel 
she returned to London. True to her promise she called 
upon me when she came back. She was as full as ever ot 
enthusiasm for her art, but the faith and devotion of the 
Tyrolese peasants, and the inspiration of the memory of 
the Passion Play, seemed to have wrought a change in her. 
VSTien she called the second time she appeared to be 
charged with a personal mission and an authoritative 
message. Never since the Marechale, Miss Booth, descended 
upon me at the editorial sanctum of the Pall Mall Gazette 
in the early spring of 18S5 had any visitor come to me with 
BUch earnest remonstrance and eloquent appeal. 

" How dare you ? " — such was the substance although not 
the words of Miss Robins' discourse — '■ How dare you leave 
the theatre alone as if it did not exist ? You, too, who have 
Been at Ober-Ammergau what an immense engine it can bo 
■ade for the highest of all purposes 1 Do you not think it 
absolutely wicked on your part to stand aside, refusing to 
give a helping hand to those who arc endeavouring to make 
the stage something worthy of England ? " 

"What can I do?' I asked, somewhat plaintively 
" Have I not enough to do elsewhere ? I have never been in 
a theatre in my life — except at Ober-Ammergau. How 
can I help ? " 

And then Miss Robins insisted, much as Mr. Bram 
Stoker had insisted years before, that it was precisely this 
utter inexperience of the stage, so unique in a London 
editor, that would enable me to bring a perfectly fresh 

mind to the task of observing the stage as it is. Mr. Stoker 
was Mr. Irving's secretary then, and I well remember how 
emphatically he declared that no one could help the drama 
more than some one in my position, if he would take the 
trouble to go round all the theatres and put on record 
exactly what he saw and how it impressed him. I admitted 
there might be a certain piquancy in the first imprewiona 
of a journalist who waits until he is forty to enter a 
theatre, but I doubted the value of the observations of a 
tyro, and it seemed to me then that I had other work to do 
that had a prior claim upon my attention. 

Miss Robins was more persistent and more persansive. 
Besides she had Ober-Ammergau and its memories to 
support her. " You see what the theatre is in that village. 
Why do you refuse to help those who are spending their 
lives in trying to make the theatre as great an agency for 
good in England as it is in Ammergau ? " 

" How many arc there of you who take their profession 
BO seriously ? " I asked. 

" More than you think," she replied with spirit ; " and 
the fewer we are the meaner it is for you to refuse to help." 

*• I admit it," I said ; " if there is any chance of doing 
any good. But it seems such a hopeless task." 

" Not at all," she replied. " Look at Ammergau. It is 
not merely the fact that these peasants perform the Passion 
Play every ten years that is so remarkable. Every winter 
they put plays on the stage — classical and modern plays 
— every part in which is filled by the men and women 
who correspond in station to our agricultural labourers and 
dairy-maids. The theatre there is a popular university, 
a means of culture that could be supplied by no other insti- 
tution. Just imagine what it would be to England if we 
had such a theatre in every village ! " 

" Ah, yes," I said sighing ; " there I agree with you. But 
why is it possible at Ober-Ammergau ? Because there the 
theatre is as much a department of church work as the 
Sunday-school or the prayer meeting. But what chance 
have we of tacking the Theatre to the Church in this cormtry ? 
What a howl there was — Mr. Spurgeon leading oflf — when 
I ventured to say, years ago, that the ideal church would 
run a theatre 1 " 

" There is not much chance of a church theatre in 
England," said Jiliss Robins. '• But there is struggling into 
existence a theatre which in its essence is a religious 
theatre — that is to say, a theatre which regards life and art 
seriously, which lives by the faith which it has in the ideal, 
and which will never be content until it has made the stage 
a leading element of the national life. But what are you 
doing to help us? Nothing. In the battle which we are waging 
against great odds for our art, you never lift a finger or say 
a word ; you sterilise the whole of your influence, and 
because you cannot secure , what you admit to ,be an 
unattainable ideal, you refuse to do the good that lies ready 
to your hand ready and waiting to be done." 

" I daresay you are right," I said, " but at present I can do 
for you nothing that is worth doing. Some day when I have a 
paper of my own, come and see me again I I know my 
present attitude is inconsistent with my general line on 
every other subject. In dealing with monarchy, aristocracy, 
or the Roman Church, I am on the other tack. Some day 
I shall deal with the theatre on the same liues. But not 

Miss Robins has often seen me since then, and always has 
pressed her inquiry, " When are you going to help us ? " 

OOTOBEU 4, 1S'J3.] 

The Daily Paper. 


At Iftst ono flno dny last sammer I Bftld to Lcr. " If I 
estiiblitfh a daily paper, will you help mo to troitt tlio 
theatre Beriouuly ? " 
"Como and 800 mo," she replied, " and wo will talk it 


So ono Bumiucr nftirnoon I climbed the curious niry out- 
lido etaira which lead to Misa llobius' eyrie at tlio top of 
Manchester ^Illusions, and waa soon in deep discussion with 
" Ileddiv Qabler " as to what tho press might do to help tiic 
•ta;:e ? 

"Tho real practical question," I said, "is not tiiat, but 
ratiier what cj\n you do to help tho press to deal li'^litly 
with tho stage I Will you be dramatic critic in chief for 
The Daily Paper 1 Your art is your religion," I added, 
"and you at least would bring a heart and soul and bruin 
to the task. Your standpoint and your objective are niino 
Would you take tho post if I were in a position to offer it 
to you? Because if you would it should bo at your 

" My dear friend," said Miss Robins, " who am I that I 
■hould presume to accept such a position? I havo neither 
the time nor the training nor tho influence." 

" All of which is nonsense," I replied ; " but, even if it bo 
true, I don't mind. For you have faith, and without faith 
there is no salvation — not even 
for dramatic critics." 

"I have faith in my art," 
■aid Miss Robins; "but that 
is another thing from having 
faith in myself." 

"But I have faith in you," 
I persisted, " and if you refuse, 
I know no other man or woman 
ffhom I would care to trust in 
this matter. If you say 'Xo,' 
1 shall go on, leaving the 
theatre to take caro of itself; 
bnt it is you who will be to 

" No — no," said Miss Robins. " You cannot sliuflle off 
your responsibility in that fashion. What is wanted is not 
my help, but yours. When arc you going to make that 
long-promised tour of the theatres, in order that you may 
see with your own eyes exactly what the stage is to-day ? It 
would at least be a step in advance for all of us to feel that 
another serious man had at last condescended to treat tho 
stage as seriously as ho treats politics, literature, or religion. 
And the observations of a perfectly fresh mind upon the 
familiar conventionalities and unrealities in stage business 
and acting could hardly fail to be instructive and helpful." 

" My ' First Nights ' might be good copy," I said, " I am 
doubtful whether they would be useful enough to com- 
pensate for the abandonment of the position which I havo 
maintained up till now. I am sure it would not. unless I 
can secure your help." 

" How can I help ? " she answered. " I am playing every 
night. After my present engagement is over I am dream- 
ing of an Ibsen tour in the United States. It is a physical 
impossibility for me to help." 

" Listen," I replied. " Of course you cannot be in two 
places at ono time, unless you can double ! But this is 
what I think might be done. Why not let us have a small 
committee of those who, as you phrase it, take the theatre 
seriously. Let us lunch together, say, once a week and 
settle what is to be seen and said." 

" Who shall be members of that committee ? " she asked. 

" The committee in the first place shall be," I replied, " a 
committee of one, -with power to add to its number." 


" And that ono ? " 

" Iklust bo Miss RobinH — who, I liop-'.-will not exflndo me 
from tUu committoo as tho frcHhiimu uf the tlieutro. Ah fur 
the others, they will bo tlioso whom yuu shall select as the 
beat men and women intercsteil in making tho theatre 
rcaliw) your ideal." 

" But what could that comnutteo do ? " 

"Many things — perhaps in time every thing , that yon 
want to have done. Round your lunch tablo wo could gather 
a consensus of tho best opinion going as to what was good 
or otherwise in play or player in all London." 

" But who should write your criticisms?" 

" That is a detail. The important question to bo settled 
is, who shall decide what shall bo written, from what 
standpoint, with what objective? Who shall give the 
cue, who shall set the tune — in short, who shall bo on 
tlio press what the Comedio Fraucdiso is for the French 
theatre ? " 

" What you are aiming at," said Miss Robius, "can never 
be realised until we havo a National Tlieatrc." 

" But why should we not start a National Theatre ? " I 
asked. " Wo can at least build it on the astral plane." 

" What a capital idea ! " said Miss Robins. " Now, I do 
call that a really practical and most useful suggestion. I 
will go into that with all my heart. And who knows, but 
after we have constructed the National Theatre in the 
paper, it may materialise itself in bricks and mortar ? 
I see endless developments in that notion. Yes ; there T 
can help, for that seems likely to be really useful." 

"Thanks — very much," I said. "Then we may regari 
that as settled, and if we start The Daily Paper, you and 
your committee will start — on the astral plane of course — 
the National Theatre, which would be really existing in 
London if the serious people had not abandoned tho stage 
to the buffoon and the ballet-dancer." 

" Yes, and a great deal you have to answer for," said Miss 
Robins, " you serious people, and a great deal of leeway 
you have to make up ; but tliis idea of constructing a 
National Theatre, an English Come'dio Fran5aise, on paper 
is perfectly charming. For instance, I suppose we will 
begin with drawing up rules, and then proceed to pro- 

" Certainly. Every week we will publish the list of 
pieces that would have been played if the National 
Theatre had existed." 

" And oh what entertaining descriptions we shall have 
written of these imaginary representations in a Non- 
existent Theatre by real actors I But don't you think the 
element of unreality will be a difficulty ? " 

" Not at all. Two hundred thousand persons, let us say, 
will read the paper. Of these three thousand, say, saw Mr. 
Irving bring out his new piece at the Lyceum. To all the 
other one hundred and ninety-seven thousand the play is 
non-existent except for the description in the paper. Hence 
to all but a mere fraction the imaginary performances at 
our National Theatre on the astral plane would be every 
whit as real as the play at the Lyceum or the Haymnrket. 
And if the work was well done, we should before long 
materialise that theatre into actual existence." 

"What a ^blessed IvisionP' said Miss Jlobins. "Oh, if 
only it were possible ! But how ? " 

" It is easy enough," said I, " if only you will think your 
ideas out into black and white. A panny a day from twenty 
thousand people would give you a subvention of £30,000 a 

" Ah, yes. But your twenty thousand people ? " 

" They will come along like bees when once we get the 
National Theatre established in the Press." 



The Daily Paper. 

[October 4, 1893. 








SPEaAL DESCEipnTE Dispatch froji Our Cobeesfoxdest 
WITH THE Greek Fleet. 


As one of the features of T7*e Daily Paper I propose from time to time, in the absence of any more interesting and 
exciting news among the events of yesterday, to report what happened on the "Yesterdays of Long Ago." Ko one 
knows the exact date when the battle of Salamis, one of the greatest and most decisive of all the battles of the world, 
was fought, excepting that it was well into the autumn, and to-day will do as well as any other for publishing 
this narrative. All yesterdays when they have passed have gone by for ever, and the number of years which intervenes 
between any particular yesterday and to-day is comparatively immaterial. The narrative which follows is supposed 
to have been written by a war correspondent who was told off to follow the fortunes of the Greeks struggling againsi 
the Persian invasion. 

this remarkable man contrived to keep the entire fleet of 
the allies here in the harbour of Salamis till the great 
Armada, moving up from that of Phalerum. where it lay 
till last night, made to-day's death-grip inevitable. 


How this was compassed — how for two days the chafing 
allies were detained here — only Themistocles himself can 
fully know. AU I can tell you is fhis: Council after 
council had been held, reports were current of sensational 
personal scenes between Themistocles and his colleagues. 
Late last night — it wanted but a few hours to dawn — I was 
hanging about outside the Admiral of the Fleet's tent for 
news of the final council of war. The council had been 
sitting for hours. Now and again I caught an angry 
voice as the debate waxed warmer and wearier. Suddenly 
a light fishing-boat was run on shore Lard by, and in "a 
moment Themistocles was being summoned out from the 
council to speak with none other than — Arisiides ! The 
next thing I saw was Themistocles impulsively falling on 
his old rival's neck, while the man whom he had driven into 
exUe, and who now came to rejoin his countrymen in their 
hour of need, accepted the embrace with emotion. Then 
I heard Themistocles say, " Go in — tell the admirals your 
news yourself. From me these wiseacres would not believe 
it." Aristides obeyed, and I at once stepped up and asked 
Themistocles if I might know what news it was that had 
come in this dramatic manner. The Admiral answered 
with the greatest readiness. " Good news ! the best 
possible! We are shut into the bay. Xerxes has 
smToimded us. Aristides has slipped through them with 
the utmost diflSculty, hugging the shore from .figina. As 
it was, his light craft was almost run down by a tall 
Liburnian, from which he caught iji the darkness barbarian 
words of command. Now let them flee to the Isthmus if 
they can I There will be a fight at dawn, and the Greek 
ranks will be closed by that best of all generals,^ 
Necessity I " He paused, and then added in a low voice, 
" If they did but know all. . . . But the time to speak is 
not yet. Only mark me : Salamis shall be the day of 
Themistocles as much as ever Marathon was of Miltiades, 
and more also. And now go and sleep, I counsel you : for 
with daylight you shall see such things as neither you nor 
the world shall ever forget." 

With this he turned and went up the gangway. Pon- 
dering over this strange interview with the man of the 
moment, I took his advice, and was no sooner in my 
quarters than asleep. It seemed but a moment after that 
a slave woke me, exclaiming, "Ck^me and look I" and 1 
dashed out into the chilly dawn to ecv a sight which took 
my breath away. 


Underneath the faint autumnal beams of the rising sun 
the shores of Attica rose purple across the dark blue of the 
strait, only a mile away, and right along them, far as the 
eye could sweep, from the low flats of Phalerum north- 
ward to the last visible blufi" of Momnt ^galeus, lay in 
one long endless line the Persian Armada. Prow after 
prow, it fringed the strsiit from end to end, shutting off 
the north-western equally with the south-eastern out- 
let. I lost cotmt when I was near a thousand sail; 
and I heard the tale being taken up by awe-struck groups 
along the shore. Clearly the fight off Artemisium, and the 
storms by which heaven itself had seemed to try to lessen 
the fearful disparity between the opposing navies, hsA but 
singed the Great King's beard. Ajid with this flotilla the 
three himdred and odd ships of the Grecian Allies must 
needs giapple. Escape but by fight there was none. 
Already, as I looked, the extremities of the lino seemed to 


Salamis. Wednesday Night, 480 b.o. 

Victory has at last crowned the standards of the Greeks 1 
To-day the decisive battle has been fought, and the Persian 
fleet has been smashed. The fighting lasted all day; 
prodigies of valour were performed by the allied forces; 
and at its close one-third of the invading Armada was 
destroyed, and the rest is in full flight southward. 

The Bun Las now set, and the air is filled with the 
jubilant Bungs of the victors. Already far down the coast 
the flames are flashing upwards from fires fed with the 
wreckage of the Persian ships. Every few minutes, scouts 
whom I have despatched along the shore to get the latest 
tidings of the flying gaUeys' return, bringing fresh news 
of the completeness of the Greek victory. Even as I write, 
a messenger arrives breathless announcing that the Great 
King, who witnessed the downfall of all his hopes, is about 
to fly to Asia. Nothing can describe the despair ^and 
confusion that reign in the Persian camp. 

When I sent off my last dispatch, it had been decided, 
against the strenuous protests of the Athenian admiral, to 
abandon Salamis and retreat on Corinth, where the 
Peloponnesian leaders hoped to fight a new and more 
victorious Thermopylae. Yesterday I spent a dolorous day 
amid the Athenian refugees encamped houseless and 
homeless on the island. They acquiesced in sullen 
apathy in the resolve of their allies to leave them 
to their fate. Men, women and children, they eat 
and gazed from the barren island across to Attica, 
at the red glow in the eastern evening sky which 
marked where sacred Athens once had been, and passed 
gloomily from mouth to mouth the whispers which 
have been wafted across the water, of that last scene of 
butchery, when the Acropolis, with the fanatical handful 
who refused to leave Athens, went down at length 
before the insulted Persian myriads. Such was the 
Athenian plight. Yet the Athenian Admiral, Themistocles, 
obstinately held out with his single voice against all his 
colleagues in favour of staying and giving battle in the 
etrait. The creator of the Athenian navy, ho believes in 
it absolutely: and in spite of every one and everything, 

OCTODBR 4, 1893] 

The Daily Paper. 


be ctirviniT in upon us, anil tho tiill beaks rittht oiipnsito to 
f;row tallur tuul closer mDRicl ns they Bk>oil ncttior in, us if to 
tit a bow-string to tlio bi nt Unv of tho haibour uf Salaiuia. 


Rounil me in the harbour meanwhile all was bustlo and 
excitoment ; here leailors haranjniing their men, thero^ 
crows launching triremes from the beach wliere they, 
were etraniloil. Soon all wero alloat. A gtitT breeze, 
blowing over tho southern promontories of tho islanil, 
■wept across tho strait into the teeth of the baiburians, 
and drove the white horses against their prows; but 
they came on with labouring oars, and tho (J reeks 
drifted out ou wind and tide to meet them. Now I could 
faintly hoar signals and words of command from tho fore- 
most Persian ships. Suddenly a great shout lilled tho air 
and made my blootl tingle, — a full-throated chant of 
battle : and as they raised it the Greeks bent to their 
oars and shot out into tho strait, the sun shining on the 
raised spears of their fighting-men. Then, as tho chant 
diet! away, there came back against the wind a long, shrill 
wail from the innumerable, many-languaged throats of the 
Persian host. Ship after ship they seemed to take it up along 
their line, till as it ran round the strait you would have 
thought the horizon was lined with Persians. The Greeks 
seemed to pause a moment to listen ; and as they did many 
a heart among them must have quailed. Indeed, some 
began to back water, and a few shipa even stranded again. 


Next minute, from tho Athenian squadron on the left, 
out shot an adventurous trireme, and at full speed of wind, 
tide and oar, dashed in among the Phcenicians opposite. 
In a minute the whole fleet seemed to be engaged. The 
confusion was indescribable. Ever and anon, above the 
continuous plash of tho thousands of plying oars and tho 
shouts of combat, camo a great crash, as one wooden 
leviathan, with all the strength of 200 pairs of hands, drovo 
ita pitiless brazen ram into another. I saw stern after 
stem rear up for one reeling moment as a shattered vessel 
filled, and went down by the head, flinging its hundreds 
of rowers and fighters into the water, so crowded that the 
topmost and outermost of a trireme's three tiers of oars was 
continually fouling foe or friend. In such water as this 
the struggling heads were soon beaten under. Now and 
a -rain the fight thickened round two or three ships, which, 
locked together, were become mere platforms for the hand- 
to-hand tussle of boarders and boarded. 


Wild as wus the confusion, the clear air and nearness 
showed OS the medley with fearful distinctness, and the 
crowd on the shore were as much moved as the combatants. 
All round the harbour stood Athenian men, women, and 
children, cheering and cursing, weeping and laughing by 
turns, as their eyes followed the fortune of some particular 
ship. Many, to see the better, stood on a pitiful heap of 
their houseless goods, which lay about the shore. As a 
group watched ita favourite vessel charging another, the 
very bodies of the watchers swayed in time with the oars ; 
and as the combatants drove their ram home, or wheeled 
to escape that of an enemy, or locked in the boarding 
death-grapple, so the spectators' were tran.-Twrted with 
horror or exultation. It was a moving sight ; and, to 
complete it, a mile away across the narrow sea where the 
drama was enacting, the Attic shore throbbed and swarmed 
with another audience, the Great King's land forces, to the 
number of half a million, and in the midst of them, con- 
spicuous on a sort of Grand Stand, erecttd on a rocky nab 
of Mount iEgaleos, clearly visible from Salamis, Xerxes 
himself. So Europe and Asia looked on to see their fate 


And so the fight went on, as the sun climbed high in the 
heaven: so it went on, as the day waned into afternoon: 
hour after hour passed, and still the savage death-grip in 
tho seething strait, the watching crowds on either shore, 
these wearied not nor flagged. But, steadily and surely, 
as tlie day grew old, the tide of ships set eastward an\l 
northward and southward, and away from Salamis. The 
multitude of the Persians was their weakness. If they 
kept lino they had no room to man,ceavre, an art in which 

tho King's Phoonicians and loiiians, at loast. would olhor- 
wiso have fairly equalled tho Athenians and PclojionneHiiins 
ojiiwsito them, whatever may bo sai<l of tho Cilicians 
anil Pamphylians of tho Persian centre. Again an<l 
'again a Greek ship could dash at an entangled 
group, like a wolf at huddled sheep. Then, again, 
when it came to boarding, tho Persians were outmatched. 
They fought bravely indeed, as befits the men who, under 
Cyrus, swept empires. As for tho naked, barbarnua 
auxiliaries whom tho (ireat King has dragged up from tho 
outskirts of an Empire which is itself a world, even 
they were readier to face the Greeks Ijcforo them than the 
angry despot watching them behind, with his recordera 
round him. But how could Phrygian cap and Persian 
tunic, to say nothing of ^Ethiopian palm-leaf or the 
grotesque wooden hat of the Caucasus, stand against the 
brazen Hoplite in brass from head to foot? Tho Persian 
dart artillery was very eflfective. But once on board, the 
disciplined Greek charge thrust the enemy into the sea, 
just as lit did ten": years ago on the plain of Marathon. 
Wicker shield and scimetar must go down before the great 
round Homeric shield, the helm, the spear'and sword. 

As the evening began to darken, the Persian defeat 
quickened into a rout, and a fleet, which is still in ita ruin 
tw^ice as big as that of the allies, fled hotly to south and 
east before the eyes of Xerxes. The mightiest Armada 
which tho world has ever seen was broken and beaten. 


I saw with my own eyes an episode which came as a 
kind of bloody postscript to the day's work. To complete 
the blockade of the strait, Xerxes had also in the early 
morning landed a large body of picked men — the Persian 
Old Guard— on the little island of Psittaly in the southern 
jaws of the strait. His thought was that the wrecks and 
fugitives would drift down here, and here the Guard 
would dispatch any who got to land. Now, in the 
twilight, the tide of battle was indeed drifting past 
the island; but the panic-stricken, labouring fugitives 
were of the host of Xerxes. The Persians on the 
island saw that they were being left in the lurch, and 
crowding to the rocks facing the Attic shore, stretched 
their arms to one flying ship after another, but in vain. 
As I stood on the southern promontory of Salamis, watching 
the poor wretches, Aristidea larmched a shipload of 
hoplites to clear the island, and I was privileged to 
accompany him. Seeing us draw near, the barbarians left 
the rocks (at once, and drawing up in line, prepared to 
meet their doom like men. When our prow grounded, they 
presented a solid wall of wicker shields. The hoplitea 
formed coolly on the beach, and ran at the wall with 
lowered pikes. As they came near, they were saluted by a 
deadly hail of small darts; but next moment the serried 
pikes crashed into the wicker wall, broke it, and swept the 
fragments down, down irresistibly to the dark sea. At the 
very edge, among the broken rocks, there was a scatterin.^ 
into groups and a flashing and clashing of scimetar agaiual 
sword and spear — deadly slashes those scimetars give, too, :<^ 
the gaping bodies on the shore afterwards testified — 
but in a moment all was over. I saw the death 
of the last Persian. Disarmed, a couple of tawny, brown- 
limbed athletes. Spartan or Athenian, were stripping tho 
poor wretch previous to despatching him. Eipping off his 
light tunic and trousers, with rough jests at these latter 
Oriental effeminacies, they exposed on the white and tender 
skin of the 'back (skin such as the naked-wrestling Greek 
is tmaccustomed to see save on a woman) a number of 
strange, dark, parallel lines — scars of the lash of Xerxes, 
barely healed — perhaps from the famous scourging with 
which the infuriated despot drove his men up to the deadly 
mouth of the shambles of Thermopylae. " Does the king 
send white women and beaten slaves against us ? " shouted 
one of the Greeks, as the Oriental writhed in his grasp ; 
then, with one strong and skilful wrestler's heave, flung 
the man neck and heels over a steep crag into the sea. 

Postscript. — As I conclude this dispatch, an incredible 
rumour is circulating in Salamis that it was Themistoclcs 
who led the king to cut off retreat and force a combat, by 
sending him a message that " his enemies were going to fly 
and escape him." 

Later. — I have seen the slave whom Themistoclcs sent. 
It is quite true. 


The Daily Paper. 

[OCTOBEK 4, 1893. 





An Interview with Mr. Faux of W. H. Smith and Son's. 

Is England centralisation is the order of the day, 
•otably in newspapers, but still more notably in libraries. 
60 far as this country is concerned there are only two 
lending libraries worth speaking of: one is Mudie's, and 
the other is W. H. Smith and Son's. "W. H. Smith and 
Son's ifl much more national than Sludie's, for W. H Smith 
and Son have not only their great central depOt in the Strand, 
which corresponds to Messrs. JIudie's library in Oxford 
Street, but they have also six hundred agents throughout 
the length and breadth of the land. It is this which 
enables them to be in much closer touch with the reading 
public than Mudie. Nor is it only in this that W. H. Smith 
and Son have superior advantages in ascertaining what 
the English people read. Mudie confines himself to books 
and magazines ; but W. H. Smith and Son supply all 
manner of printed literature, and deal more largely even 
in daily, weekly, and monthly periodicals than they do in 
books. If it were ix)ssible to get 3Ir. White, who is at the 
head of the news department ; Mr. Kingdon, who deals with 
periodicals and books for sale ; and Mr. Faux, who is at the 
head of the circulating library, together in one rcom, that 
room would contain within its four walls more accimiulated 
experience as to the reading tastes of the British public 
than any other room in the three kingdoms. Without 
venturing to pool the brains of the gigantic establishment 
which stretches right back from the Strand to Howard 
Street, I thought it niight be interesting to my readers'and 
profitable to myself if, while discussing the starting of a 
new daily paper, I had a little conversation with Mr. Faux, 
the genial head of the Library Department. 

Messrs. W. H. Smith aud Son's front the Strand with 
periodicals and newspapers ; literature occupies a more 
retired retreat in the new and splendid pile of buildings 
which they have erected in Arundel Street. On the 
second floor, far removed from the noises of the outside 
world, I found Mr. Faux, who is one of the duumvirate 
who decide what books have to be provided for the circu- 
lating libraries in England. Mr. Mudie and Mr. Faux 
between them have at least a provisional hold of the shears 
of fate so far as the author is concerned. Such a Rhada- 
fr..%ntlms in the world of letters has a position which casts 

that of all the critics into the shade. But a milder man- 
nered, more genial lihadamanthus never occupied the 
judgment-seat than Mr. Faux. A great lover of books, he 
found his way by natural gravitation into the bookselling 
business when he had barely turned twenty, and he has 
been in the service of Messrs. W. H. Smith and Son ever aince 
he attained man's estate. He has arrived, by the procew 
of natural selection, at an almost ideal position. There, in 
the sanctum at the top of the house, he decides with an 
instinct bom of long experience how many copies of the 
hjoks submitted to him must be ordered. 

I asked whether he was guided at all in hia orderi by 

" Not iu the least," he replied, in a tone which wai even 
more cruel because it had in it not even the least Bospioiop 
of disdain. " I "nave to fill in the orders for subscription 
before the first copies are sent for review." 

" Then," said I somewhat humbly, feeling the craft of 
literary critic was held in rather low esteem in this temple 
of letters, " do newspaper criticisms not have any effect 
upon the sale of a book ? " 

" Certainly," said ilr. Faux, " they have some effect on 
some people, but the days have .long gone by when it Hied 
to be said that a good review of a book in the Tima was 
safe to sell an edition. People choose their own books for 
themselves without very much reference to what mews- 
papers say about them. Of course we can tell from oar 
daily orders as they come in from the stalls what effect is 
produced by articles in newspapers. It is ciuioos and 
interesting to note how an article will set up a demand for 
a book. But taking one thing with another I do not find 
that journalistic criticism materially affects my opinion as 
to the number of books that we shall need to have in 
circulation to meet the demand of our subscribers. Of 
course a book will occasionally be forced into circolatioD 
by press notices, but as often as not the press notices follow 
rather than create the popular demand. It used not to be 
so in the olden times, when painstaking reviews were pub- 
lished, but with the peimy and halfpenny press and the 
multiplication of reviewers, reviewing is badly scamped. A 
journalist often without any qualification for the work is 

OcTonER 4, 1803] 

The Daily Pai'mr. 


handetl over a dozru booka on every doBcription of sul.jict, 
ami it is not reasonable to expect that the public will 
attach much weight to his jutlgiucnt. Of courao tlicro aro 
60IU0 papers which still keep up a high standard of literary 
criticism, but they nro not tho papers road by the mass of 
the pooi)lo. Tho Timen. for instance, and tho Spectator, tho 
Satnrdaij Review, and tho Athenxum all take some pains 
with their reviewing, and have some influence upon the 
educated class which reads books. But tho majority of tho 
new public does not read books, nor do they read daily 

" Then what do they read ? " 

"They read tho masses of miscellany which is produced 
day by day, and which wo sell by the hundred tons— 
the Tit Bit class of periodicals— there arc so many of them 
that thoy aro practically almost daily, although each of 
them only comes out onco a week. There is Ally Slopcr 
and all that kind of printed matter, which can hardly bo 
called literature, but which passes the time and represents 
the average standard of literary taste to which the now 
public, educated by the Education Act, have reached." 

" No doubt you are right," said I, " and that is one reason 
why I want to start The Daily Paper. I want to bridge 
over the chasm which yawns between what may be called 
the miscellany man and tho literary chiss." 

" Most of them," said Mr. Faux, " have no taste for 
serious reading, and when tboy take to books it is always 
fiction." ' • ' > ' 

• " I suppose," said I, " that fiction is a great staple with 

"In tho circulating library, yes. Without it the cir- 
culating library could hardly be maintained. It is the 
three volume novel which largely give Mudie and ourselves 
our exceptional position. Cheaper books the local libraries 
will take, but it is only the large firms which can aiford to 
pay IBs. for a book, tho life of which is only nine mouths. 
They aro evanescent, aro novels, and we do not reckon 
that we can keep them in circulation more than niuo 
mouths. Some last longer, of course, and others a shorter 
period ; but taking an average, they only remain in cir- 
culation for nine mouths." 

" Do you publish any statistical return as to the pro- 
portion of the various classes of books ?" 

" jfo," said Mr. Faux ; " we only know in a general kind 
of a way how things are going, but we have never compiled 
any statistics. Each district has its own characteristicg, 
;ind, as might be expected, there is a greater demand for 
more serious books in the University towns than at Brightou 
and other seaside watering-places. But everywhere tlie 
novel heads the list." 

" But to return to the point from which the conversation 
has wandered, what do you think of my idea that authors 
should review their own books ? " 

" It would be a novelty, and you would at least secnra 
the advantage of having some one to write the review who 
had read the book," said Mr. Faux, smiling. " But I am 
afraid you could hardly expect much impartiality or 

" I do not know about that. I think that an author 
knows the defects of his book bettor than a reviewer. He 
kuows what he has tried to do, and he feels very often how 
far short he has come of realising his ideal. I think there 
are a good many authors who would only be too glad for an 
opportunity of taking the public into their confidence and 
telling them what they wished to do, and where they think 
they have succeeded, and where they think they have failed." 
" Well," said Mr. Faux, " if you could get authors to take 

that philOBophio view of their works it might bo practical, 
and it certainly woubl liavo tho advantage of novelty. But 
our oxp(Ti(aico of authors does not lead ub to tliinlc that 
there would bo many who would bo capaljlo of sitting in 
judgment upon themsolvcB. For instance," ho said, some- 
what grimly, " wo got a letter only tho other day from a 
town not far from London, which upbraided us roundly for 
not having a certain novel upr)n our stalls. It was an 
anonymous letter, and the writer said that the novel was 
one of the most brilliant books which had appeared this 
season ; that every one was asking for it and talking about 
it, and that no one could get it at our stalls. Tliat this 
was not the right way to fulfil a great public trust, etc., etc., 
etc. I sent the letter to tho clerk at the bookstall in th© 
town from which tho letter was dated. lie recognised tho 
handwriting at once. It was written by the author of the 
book in question, and you would not care," added Mr. Faux, 
" to have reviews of that description." 

, " Well, I do not know ; you must remember that the 
author's review would not bo anonymous, and your corre- 
spondent had sufficient modesty to remain anonymous." 

"Well," said BIr. Faux, "it would be an interesting 
experiment, no doubt, and I should be very curious to note 
how it succeeded. There is no doubt a great field for any 
one who would build a bridge across the gulf which lies 
between the uncultivated and the half or quarter cultivated. 
But there is a great chasm between Ally Sloper and John 


Which saying is true ; but there arc many who bet ! • 
with Ally Sloper might end with " Paradise Regained." 


The Bible by Blodern Light. By Cunningham Geikie, 
>D.D., LL.D. Edin. Vol. I.— Creation to the Patriarchs. 
(Nisbet.) 63. 

An entirely new edition, largely re-written, of Dr. 
Cunningham Geikie's "Hours witli the Bible." 

Present-day Theology. By Lewis F. Stearns. (Nisbet.) 
10s. 6d. 

With a Biographical Sketch of Professor Stearns bf 
Mr. George L. Prentiss. 

Arts and Crafts Essays. By Members of the Arts and 
Crafts Exhibition Society. (Rivington, Percival and 
Co.) 7s. 6d. 

With a preface by Mr. William Morris. 

Lectures and Essays on Fevers and Diphtheria, 1849- 
1879. By Sir William Jcnncr, Bart., M.D., F.R.S.,etc. 
(Rivington, Percival and Co.) 2l3 

European History: Period VII., 1739-1815. By H. Slorse 
Stephens, M.A. (Rivington, Percival and Co.) Gs. 

More English Fairy Tales. Collected and Edited by 
Joseph Jacobs. (David Nutt.) Cs. 
With illustrations by Mr. J. D. Batten. 

The Curb of Honour. By M. Betham-Edwards. (A. and 
C. Black.) 6s. 

Amelia. By Henry Fielding. (J. M. Dent and Co.) 
Three volumes. 7s. 6d. not. 

Edited, with an introduction, by Mr. George Saints- 
bury; and illustrated by Mr. Herbert Railton and 
Mr. E. J. Wheeler. 

Miss Stuart's Legacy. By Flora Annie Steel. (Mac- 
millan.) Three volumes. Sis. 6d. 

Margaret Drummond : Millionaire. By Sophie P. F. 
Vcitch. (A. and C. Black.) Three volumes. 31s. 6d. 

General Report to the Board of Trade with Regard to the 
Capital, Traffic, and Working Expenses of the Railway 
Companies of the United Kingdom for 1892. (Eyre 

and Spottiswoodc.) 



The Daily Paper. 

[OCTOBKB 4, 1893. 


Our Serial. 


« No, it isn't a buck." 

The speaker, who took his rifle-butt from his shoulder aa 
he spoke, was Jack Smitliies, English settler, prospector, 
average decent fellow, and doer of the Queen's business 
in distant lands. He took another searching look ahead 
under his hand, and then walked on, dragging his high 
boots rather wearily through the low scrub. 

The object which had excited his curiosity was discern- 
ible aa an agitated dark spot among the rocks crowning a 
email brown kopje just ahead. This kopje alone broke the 
monotony of several square miles of flat bush ringed with 
low hills. 

" Why, it's a nigger. . . . D — n me, if it isn't a woman 
. . . with a baby in her arms. . . . Rum place to choose to 
sit in under this grilling sun, with nothing particular on, 
to. . . ." 

By this time Jack was at the foot of the kopje. The 
figure eat motionless on one of the baking boulders scat- 
tered over its top. He furbished up his Mashona vocabulary, 
and shouted a question about the distance to Fort Victoria. 
No answer — not even a look. 

« WeU, I'm ! " 

In a moment he had scrambled up. 
- *• She is tied ! . . . Who the devU did that to you ? " 
1.6 exclaimed in English to the not ungraceful brown 
figure with ^its small brown buiden — and then translated 
the question. 

She was but a girl — motherhood comes early in Zambesia 
—and the little pot-bellied thing in her arms was only a 
few months old. Eound her body and ankles a leather 
thong fixed her, with a few efi"ective but not cruel turns, to 
the rocky perch where she sat, conspicuous for miles. 

The story, when he got or guessed at it at last, waa 
simple enough. The gul's home was among the round 
straw-topped huts which Jack could just distinguish, when 
she pointed to them, in a steep broken gully of one of the 
neighbouring hills. The Mashonas are wont to tuck their 
Tillages away in holes and corners. The city built on a 
bill that cannot be hid is not their idea of architecture. It 
is more comfortable to have a place where you are unlikely 
to be come upon by the Matabele before you have had time 
to abandon it and grovel in the bush. 

It was known among the Mashonas near the white 
settlement that an impi was even now raiding in th« 
neighbourhood. That morning the alarm had been given 
at the kraal there in the gully. And the people were now 
in hiding round about, having first brought down into 
the plain, and there tied the most desirable female thing 
they could produce, in hopes that King Lobengula's 
warriors would be content, when they came by, to take 
that and go. 

" By Jove," quoth Jack, as he put his knife through the 
thong (he had been prepared for the gold-digger's career 
by the usual classical English-public-school education), 
" it's Andromeda and Perseus over again. . . . I'm Perseus 
(here he laughed derisively). . . . Wish I'd his mount, 

He stood meditating a moment, absently knocking off 
comers of the rock with a prospector's hammer. Then he 
shouldered his rifle, pointed in the direction of Fort 
Victoria, and bidding Andi'omcda follow, stalked on, 

Andromeda, with her small armful, did follow, without 

animation or any expressions of feeling. She had the 
chattel instinct well-developed. 

The kopje was left to the pulsing African sunshine and 
the unceasing hum of insects. 


When Mr. Perseus Smithies and his Andromeda were 
within a hundred yards of the first wrinkled iron shanty of 
the white settlement — he walking stolidly on in front, she 
walking with equal stolidity some ten to fifteen pacca 
behind — a sudden [cry from her made him turn his head. 
As he did so, a long dusky figure shot past him, followed 
closely by another, and another, and another. Similar 
figures were converging upon the settlement from several 
directions. They were not a pretty sight. They were 
ill-built, lanky creatures, mostly. They all had opeo 
mouths and eyes starting from the sockets. They all 
drew the sobbing breath of a man who has overrun himself 

already, and yet must run on for dear life. And that is 
exactly what they were running for. 

As Jack entered the settlement, he spoke to one of ths 
fugitives who had dropped breathless under the shade of a 

" Matabele ? " Jack asked laconically. 

The man looked at him with the dark appealing eyes of 
a frightened child. 

" Why don't you hit back— «o f " 

The man found breath to gasp out, " Nay, who are we 
to stand against the King's warriors? We are but 
women 1 " 

His face changed suddenly to abject terror. Jack followed 
his eyes, and saw the Matabele themselves. It was about 
a dozen of them who came jogging at a steady trot into the 
irregular little street. There was no mistaking their 
ostrich plumes and ox-hide shields. The leading one, a 

OCTODEK 4, 1803.] 

The Daily Paper. 


muBCular fellow, with long |.liirk-brown limbs, n\\ici but 
for a kilt of leopiud-skin, ami an expiesaion of insolent 
f Tocity, ran Btraight up tlio miiUUo of tho road without 
casting's glauco at tho little group by the wai^g.m-Jack 
and Andromeda, and tho man who had said " wo are but 
women." His eyes were fixed on tho hiudmoat fugitive, 
who had dashed into the settlement but a few yards in 
front of him. Now he gained on his man— now ho poised 
the long assegai level with his shoulder to strike. 

" Confound the ruOl in," cried Jack, " if he isn't going to 
kill hifl man in our very streets ! " and dashing after the 
Matabelo, ho drove his rille-butt sharp into tho small of 
the warrior's back, just in time to make him miss his mark 
aud go sprawling on all-fours. 

Tho warrior picked himself up, his face hideous with 
fury, and began cappiing round Jack with menacing 
assegai. But ho had never yet washed his spear in the 
blood of a white man, and as Jack coolly looked him up and 
' down without moving a muscle, ho fell back growling, and 
presently ran on after his companions, who had scampered 
past while this was happening. 

Jack ran on. too, seeing there was a row in prospect ; 
and the first sight that he saw was a good-looking young 
Matabele of perhaps eighteen, stra Idling in the middle of 
the street over tho Mashona, whom Jack's rifle-butt had 
just saved, and stabbing his assegai again and again into 
the prostrate body. 

Probably it was the boy's first exp3ricnce of Masliona- 
Eticking ; and lys dancing eyee sjwke all the pleasurable 
excitement of an English boy w;iiu:ng his first brush on 
the hunting-field. 

But now tho street became full of white men in shirt- 
sleeves and broad-brimmed hats, mjst of came 
running out of a neighbouring canteen with any weapous 
they could pick up. There were oaths and shouts, m uok 
expostulations in several languages, and within ten mi'.iUiLo 
tho little band of Matabele, who had dared for the first 
time to pursue and strike down their Mashona quarry at 
the very doors of the white men, were running out of the 
settlement as fast as their heels could carry them — leaving, 
however, three or four ghastly bodies lying on their faces in 
their blood. 

Among the whites la the streets the clamour grew ; an 
alarm-bell rang ; everybody seemed to have got a rifle now ; 
there was a shout of " Jameson ! " and then comparative 
silence, as an eager circle formed round a thick-set man 
with a rather broad face, half-shut|good-humoured eyes, and 
a short moustache. 

At this moment it occurred to Jack to turn back and look 
for Andromeda. 

^V^^en he camo round the corner of a hut in sight of 

the waggon, he did not see her standing there 

but there were two figures lying quite quiet mixed up 

with the chains and harness-tackle under the pole 

Jack turned white and sick as he had not done over the 
corpse in the street just now. . . . There she lay, his 
Andromeda, the baby still clasped iu her arras, the broken 
half of an assegai pinning mother and child together to 
the dusty earth. They were quite dead. 

A kind of hatred and disgust seemed to well up in Jack's 
mind towards Mashonaland — Africa — prospecting — every- 
thing that had made his life for the last year or two, and 
he was surprised to find himself thinking wistfully of a 
little English parsonage among elms, with rooks cawing, 
and . . . He ran back with set teeth and his hat pulled 
over his eyes in time to hear Dr. Jameson's voice con- 
eliiding a speech in the middle of an enthusiastic crowd. 

"After that, gentlemen, if Vop Tudunas haven't taken 

the iinpi altogether out of this di^itrict an 1 across tlie 
Sliashi, Captain Leudy will take a small hjly of policd 

and " (r^st of seutcnco drowned in vociferous cUcer- 

iug). " Any volunteers will jilcaso cfuno an 1 s'-'c mo in tho 
fort an hour hence. I shall be glad of a few offers of good 
mounts, too." Here there were renewed shouts from every 
side, ''I volunteer! I volunteer!" 

And Jack Smithies, whoso philosophical appreciation of 
the merits of savagery — an appreciation whicli had caused 
some uneasiness in letters home to the i»arsonage among 
the elms— had been rather dashed that day, joined in the 
chorus and shouted hoarsely — " I volunteer 1 " 


The King sat in Lis kraal, and his heart was sore within 

All the morning, from the rising of tho sun, ho had been 
busy with his wizards, casting spells, and doing witchcraft. 
The signs were uupropitious. In vain had he varied the 
ingredients of the hell-broth ; the magic would not work. 
The liver of a huge snake skinned alive had been boiled in 
the caldron with the toes of frogs and the beaks of birds and 
tho fat of the sea-cow and tho bones of men, and as the 
concoction boiled, and the steam rose white and mingled with 
the blinding smoke, he had muttered his incantations and 
woven his spoils; but all was in vain. Whether he turned 
north, or south, or east, or west, it was the same. Again 
and again he tried the most powerful charms, but it availed 
nothing. The oracles were dumb. The omens failed. So the 
King's heart was heavy, and his wives trembled as they saw 
him, for they knew by the look in his bloodshot eyes that 
he was bewitched, and they k.iew not on whom his suspi- 
cion would fall. Tliey raised the cry of homige and 
devotion with wliiuii they always hailed his appearance, 
and squaCieU low on the droppings of the goats and sheep 
which sheltered at night in the Kini^'s kraal. 

He walked heavily and slowly, with a cumbrous roll of 
Lis shoulders, supporting on his gouty feet his elephantine 
weight, and glaring round at the few prostrate occupanta 
of the enclosure. 

The sun was high in the heavens; the flesh of the four 
bullocks, slaughtered that morning for the royal table, which 
lay exposed on the trestle-platform of rough hewn logs, was 
black with myriad flies, whose buzzing formed a strange 
accompaniment to the shi-ill cries of the wives and courtiers, 
which were ceased. 

Lobengula seated himself upon an old case of condensed 
milk-tins that stood at the foot of the flesh-laden platform 
and groaned. The ants, which swarmed in millions, took 
as little notice of his presence as he noticed the reek of the 
blood or the chant of his followers. 

His gloomy broodiugs were interrupted by the arrival of 
a runner. " Great King ! " he cried, and bent low to the 
earth. After him came several Indunas, who gathered in 
a circle round the King. 

Tlie Runner (prostrating himself before the King). . . . 
" And then, O King, when the impi yet tarried, being 
minded to finish the King's work, suddenly there rode 
out upon them the white Induna Lendy, with others on 
swift horses. And the impi abode their coming. But lo 1 
when they were still as far away as a stabbed man may 
run before he drops, they suddenly, by means of witch- 
craft, sent thunder and lightning upon us that we 
might not abide before them, and both the King's Indunas 

Lohengula (frowning horribly) : " Dog 1 did no man stand 
and strike back ? " 

The Bunner ''on his face in the duns^ : " black cow of 


The Daily Paper. 

[October 4, ISD3. 

Buluwayo, maker of rain, mighty one ! the word of the 
king was that we should touch no white man." 

Lobengula (angrily) : " That was not why you fled, 
dogs and grandsons of dogs, but because you were afraid. 
Did he not say it himself? " (Loud applause from circle of 
Indunas.) " Never did I say you should touch no white 
man who sheltered the King's enemies. You have two 
words. You Uo to the King ! Say, now, and truly, did 
the white men pursue when my impi fled ? " 

Tlte r«nner (resigned to his fate): "If the King lets it 
be so, for the third of a day they pursued, and we have lost 
thirty of the King's men." 

Lobengula (with ominous politeness) : " Say, thou, where- 
fore wast thou chosen to bring me this word ? Was it not 


Scene : A room in the Colonial Office. 

Cabinet Minister to Secretary (running throu-h draft 
cable-telegram to Cape): «. . . While fully c°onscious, 

— h m, h m,— must decline to'sanction — h'm, h'm Yes 

that will do, I think ; very judicious. Just make that abc Jt 
waiting for definite aggressive act a little stron-^er 

♦ * • * o^ . • . 


Scene : Dr. Jameson's hut within the fort at Victoria (an 
enclosure surrounded by a dusty embankment, and no-.? 
crowded with men, women, children, Dutch waggons in 
laager, etc.). 


that thy feet were quickest of all to run from the white 
thieves? (Loud applause.) Take him and cut off hia 
feet I " 

* « * * • 

Lobengula (to the white interpreter, privately) : " I tell 
you, I can hold them no longer. Get you gone, you and 
all wliitcs in this kraal, for this is no place for ^hite men 

* * ' * ' * m 

A cliief of the Matjaha regiments (stropping a broad- 
bladed assegai on a bit of cow-hide) : " Now must the King 
surely let us go at the white men ! Oho, gho I A free 

Groups eagerly discussing news that scouts have been 
fired on. 

A noise of cheering outside, cracking of whips, etc., etc., 
etc. A coach, drawn by twenty mules, led by a pair of stout 
nags, draws up at the entrance. A big, ruddy-faced man, 
with a light moustache, dismounts, and walks into the 
enclosure amid loud cheering. 

Dr. Jameson (meeting him) : " Scouts fired on at last 1 " 

2lfr. Ehodes (shaking hands) : " Ah ! let's have a lemon- 
squash, there's a good fellow. . , . Awful journey. . . . 
Well, it's something to have a free hand." 

IThey enter the hut together.^ 


Saint of the Cliristian Church. 
St. Francis of Assisi died 1226. 

English SpeaJang Worthg. 
Catherine Booth died 1800. 

Positivist Calendar, 10th month. 
Shahespeare, Modern Drama. 
25th day, Beethoven. 
Birth Days. Evacuation of the ^Morea by Ibrahim Pacha, 1S28. 

Crispi, F., Italian statesman, 1819. Columbus sighted the New World (Bahamas), 1102. 

Guizot, Fr., French statesman and author, 1787. 

Death Days. Political. 

Booth, Mrs., 1800, aged 61. The Cause of Mary Queen of Scots examined into at a 

Procter, B. W. (" Barry Cornwall "), poet, 1874, aged 84. Conference at York, 1563. 

OcTouEB 4, 18'J3.] 

Tiiii Daily PAri:K. 


Wdnilcr ? "' 

"The City Editor of The Daily 
Vapcr will bo iustructod lo oxi)08e 
a bwimlle whcutvcr he tinds it, 
iiud to warn the invt'stor fearlessly 
ii,!;ainst every fraud on the market." 

"That sounds well enough," I 

thought when I wrote it; "hut 

what will the experts think of it. I 

To find the first of these experts I went 

to Ely Place to see Sir George Lewis. 

Interview with Sir George Lewis. 

"Start the paper by all moans," he ssiid ; "but 
why need you be tilting round against all the 
swindles in the market ? " 

" Why," saiil I. " for the sake of the unfortunate 
investors, of course, who are plundered right and 
left by harpies like Balfour and other promoters." 

" But it is a very dangerous business — very 
dangerous business. These gentlemen have plenty 
of money at their command, and they are not likely 
to sit still and allow you to show them up to your 
heart's content without doing what they can to put 
a spoke into your wheel. And then, remember, you 
may do a great public good, and may say a great 
many things that are quite true, and ought to be 
said ; but. if you stumble into a single misstatement 
in the article, that gives them their chance, and 
then it all depends upon the jury what you have 
got to pay. Even supposing you win your case, it 
is a very expensive business. I could mention law 
coses which I have conducted, and conducted success- 
fully, which cost my clients thousands of pounds." 

" That is quite true, Sir George," snid I, " and 
that is one reason why I want to know if you will 
undertake the function of patron saint and general 
defender of the newspaper." 

"I think you will need me," said he, with a smile, 
" and I shall have to see all the oroofs." 

"Well, all the risky proofs," I' said. 

"But," said he, "you will never be out of hot 
water ; and after all, why should you ? AVhy 
should you trouble about its being a financial papL-r 
at all? Financial papers are in very bad odour with 
the public ; anil besides, Mr. Labouchere in Truth 
and Mr. ]\Iarks in the Financial Neies have been 
so busy for some time past that there will soon 
be none, and what will you gentlemen do then ? " 

" That is a beat ific vision of which there is no 
chance of realisation. There are endless numbers 
of swindles." 

"Well," said the lawyer, "I daresay there will 
be enough to keep you going on for some time; 
bat better leave it alone. Look at all the great 
papers that are gteat properties ; they never touch 
these thiugs. They allow them to go on and 
say nothing about them. Why can't you do the 
same ? " 

" That is not my way," said I. " But don't vou 
think it is very desirable that there should be" an 
office where any one who has any money to invest 
would be able to get the best advice that is going 
as to the value of the security in which he proposes 
to place his money." 

"If you are on that tack," said Sir George, 




had much better have an inquiry office, and let investors 
pay an annual subscription; that would be useful, and 
you could ehartie live guineas D?r vear." 

'Surely that is much too higli." 

"Not at all." said ho; "people don't 
think mueh of what they get cheap, they 
would think much more of advice that 
would cost them five guineas than if it 
had cost them one, and much more than 
if they got it for nothing. Of course," 
said he, " if you are going to do it you'll 
do it, but you are taking an infinite deal 
of trouble for jx'ople to whom you owe nnthing, and 
it#s a very costly business. Keep out of law if 
you can, but if you won't be i)er.-iuaded. well then 
i must look after you, and do what I can to keep 
you out of scrapes." 

"Could we not give all our reariers advice?" 
" Well," said Sir George, '• you might, but merely 
newspaper advice is somewhat diserediti'd. Many 
pai)ers have announced that they will give advice 
to the investor, and so they did, but, for the most 
part tliey recommended the rottenest concerns that 
were going, the one consideration in their minds 
being whether or not the companies paid blackmail 
in the shape of highly-priced advertisements. If 
they did, they were eligible investments; if they 
did n't, they were paid out in some form or other. 
By this means newspaper advice has been somewhat 
blown upon. But no one would suspect any paper 
which you conduct of advising its readers in this 
fashion. Still, I incline on the whole to making 
advice to the reader a s]»ecial function of a special 
department, to be paid for by those who want it. 
You should not make a thing too cheap." ^ 


I -then went round to see Mr. Labouchere, and 
found Mr. Labouchere had vanished into space, as 
is his wont at this time of the year. His place, 
however, was occupied by Sir. Voules. Blr. Voulea, 
who has run Truth ever since it came out, I found 
immersed in ghosts — a copy of my " Heal Ghost 
Stories " lying by his side. Mr. "^'oules had evidently 
been going through a course of study which was 
more mundane in its object than spiritual ; in fact, 
from certain remarks he let drop I fancy that his 
ghostly studies had some connection with his new 
Christmas number. Mr. Voules and I were old 
colleagues on the Tall Mall Gazette, and we were 
soon busily discussing all the pros and cons of the 
financial journalism. Mr. Voules is a veteran who, 
metaphorically speaking, may be said to bear the 
scars of many fights waged in the arena in which 
I propose to enter. I told him what Sir George 
Lewis had said, and of course Sir George had a 
right to speak, for he has acted for Mr. Labouchere 
since Truth was started. 

' Oil, yes, we have been to the wars," said Mr. 
Voules, " but we don't look at it quite so seriously 
as Sir George. It has cost us money, no doubt, 
but we have been very fortunate, and have only 
had two losses in our seventeen years' campaign 
against all manner of swindles, but neither of tliese 
was connected with finance. We won every case, 

•J — without a single exception, in which we based our 
1. — attack on the principle that two and two make four, 
and it is a swindle to pretend that they make five." 

' What are the two cases you lost ? " 

" We ought not to have lost either of them." 

" Of course not," I said. 

" But," said he, not heeding my interruption, " they were 
too absurd. We lost one action about a village pump some- 


The Daily Paper. 

[October 4. 1893. 

where in Lincolnshire: it was held to be libellous by the 
parson, and we got thrown — it was a trumpery little thing. 
The other was for a paragraph in which we spoke of a 
ship as a floating grog-shop. It was a diflBcult thing to 
prove, and though there had been a great deal of drinking 
on board, the jury held the term was too strong, so we lost 
that case; but these are the only two in which we haTs 
been worsted." 

" It is a long and noble record." 
" Yes," said ili. Youles '• It is very satis- 
factory, and much better than what we ven- 
tured to hope for when we started. "^Tien we 
arranged to produce Truth, 'Mr. Labouchere 
was so certain that it was going to be set up 
as a target to be shot at, that he carefully 
selected an office in the City, in order that 
the cases might be heard by an Alderman; 
but he very soon found that he had a much 
worse chance to get justice from the Alder- 
man he was always consulting than from a 
stipendiary; so, witliout unnecessary loss of 
time, we migrated wcttwai-ds, and have fared 
better under the stipendiary." 

" Is there any truth," I asked, " in the story 
that is going rotmd the Press that 31r. 
Labouchere snapped his fingers at the cost of libel actions, 
because he had accumulated a fighting fund of £60,000 for 
the express purpose ? " 

~ - -- y^juieg. « ^e pay aa we go. 

a pretty penny. You see, we 

from various swindlers whom 

whom we have won verdicts 

than £40,000, in taxed costs, 

which we shall ever get. That 


■Pure myth," said Mr, 
There is no doubt it costs 
have taxed costs, due to us 
we have exposed, against 
amounting to not less 
etc., not one penny of 
is the kind of way in which a newspaper is rewarded 
for hunting down miscreants who prey upon the com- 
munity. But on the whole we have no reason to com- 
plain," said Mr. Youles ; " it has been the making of Truth. 
One of the best pieces of work we ever did was when we 
exposed some scandalous malpractices in connection with 
the ' Eoyal Liver Friendly Society.' It led to an inquiry, 
the ofi"ender3 were dismissed, and gave place to honcster 
men. Don't be alarmed by what Sir George says. It is 
his duty to caution you ; but as a matter of fact there are 
plenty of safe swindles which can be shown up, and which 
ought to be shown up, and which it is good business to 
show up. Of course you take a certain amount of risk, 
but it is worth it ; and I don't think, with ordinary common 
sense, you need be very apprehensive as to any ruin 
overtaking yon because you show up the gentlemen who 
are .the pick-pockets of the financial world " 

The Editok of the "Ixvestoes* 

It is more than ton years since I had 
the pleasure of working with Mr. A. J. 
Wilson, the editor of the Inverters' Berieio 
He was then on the staff of the Pall Mall 
Gazette, where he did yeoman service in 
pricking the bubble of the electric light 
speculation, which was excellent for the 
public, but the reverse of advantageous, 
financially, for the paper. He is now City 
Editor of the Standard, editor and pro- 
prietor of the Investors' Bevicw, the most 
bard-hiitiug and uncompromising periodi- 
cal ;whieh is published in the English 
language. I went to have a talk with 
him at his house near Clapha'Vn Junction. 
Aa might bo expected, Mr. Wilson agreed 
entirely with me as to the need for more 
drastio measures in order to (expose the swindling which 
has culminated in the Liberator crash. I found, to my 
sQi^riae, thit he did not regard the enteq-rise as iuvolv- 
ing 80 much risk of lawsuit and expenditure as some 
of ray other advisers. " No," sn'ui he ; "I think you could 
prick the bubbles if yon are careful, without bringing 
j'ourself within rang« of ■» prosecution. You must know 
your men, of course, and have got your facts well up. 
But if you have got yonr facts, und know the record of the 
people you a/e dealing with, you will not have much 



difficulty in enlightening the public — without committin? 
suicide yourself. Of course you cannc-t go to war without 
running risks, and to declare a Holy War against swind- 
ling of all kinds would be to stir up tlie great hornet's 
nest which has its seat in tlie Stock Exchange. You 
might clear the air," said Mr. Wilson, "if your City 
E<litor deals 'fearlessly and faithfully with all the abuses 
which render so large a section of the financial world 
little better than organised plunder, but you will have 
to clear it as the air is cleared by a thunder- 
storm, and somctHxly may get hurt At the 
same time, my own experience is that you 
do not need to be afraid of speaking out 
if you use common-sense. I have not minced 
my words, but I have not had a libel case 
worth speaking of for a dozen years. It 
might cost you £10,000 a year for the first few 
years in law costs if you were unlucky, but it 
need not cost you anything like that amount. 
But you must fight and not run away, or other- 
wise you wiU have to pay through the nose." 

" I do not think there will be much danger 

of that," I remarked. " But do you not 

think that you are a little bit too pessimist 

in your estimate of things in general ? " 

" People said that about Australia," he replied drily, 

" but they do not say so now." 

" The Australian bank smash has done much to vindicate 
you as a prophet, but I confess I somewhat agreed with a 
friend of mine, who, on hearing that I was coming to see 
you, declared that nothing would satisfy you in the way of 
investment but the old stocking." 

" That is a gross libel," said Mr. Wilson impcrturbably.' 
" I am not a pessimist, I am tin optimist, and I have such 
a robust faith that I do not fear to look at facts in a critical 
spirit. That is all. It is not pessimism, it is criticism, and 
the more searching the criticism the greater the service you 
render to the pubUc." 

I conclude this talk by quoting from Mr. Wilson's Review 
what may be called the ten commandments in solution. 
They are : — 
" 1. Xever put all your eggs into one basket. 
" 2. Xever invest in securities not fully paid up. 
" 3. Xever invest money at the suggestion of an advertised 

" 4. Xever invest through an advertising broker. 
"5. Xever be misled by a name. Always look at the 
eecurities behind it. Eemember Baring 1 

** 6. Xever invest in the irredeemable debt of a foreign 

" 7. Xever invest in the government sU>ck of a nation 
which is always borrowing more than it 
can pay. 

" 8. Xever bay bank shares. 
"9. Xever put money into ordinary 
shares or stocks of a company which 
keeps an open capital account, or h&» 
large preference shares, or heavy deben- 
ture obligations. 

" 10. Xever buy what everybody else 
is running after. Always avoid fashion- 
able investments." 

" This may all be very goodadvice, bnl 
when all the ten shall-nots are taken into 
account, what is there left for tiie investor 
to do with hid money excepting to put it 
into his old stocking ? " 

" X^o, you are wrong. I might hare 
added to my ten commandments and 
still have a wide margin of safe Be» 
curities which are open to none of 
those objections, and in which the invcftor may safely 
put his money.'' 
" High interest 

the stock the less interest it yields. You cannot 
have it both ways. H you must have the deligbt 
of eight and nine per cent., you must accept tho 
counterbalancing disadvantaj^e of constant anxiety aa 
to how long tiicy will maintain that or any rate of 
interest upon the capital you have placed in thei'' 

But of course Mr. Wilson would say, 
means low security, and the safer 

OCTOBEK •», 1S'.):>] 

The Daily Paper. 



A Suffgestlon for its Compilation.— With Criticisms by Mr. Bryce. 

"The OU Testamont, as we naTe it, is a kind of Retikw 
OF Keviews oditioa of a great mass of Ilobrow writings 
»which have been lost, but from 
whicli the editors of the Sacred 
Canon extracted tliat which now 
forms the collection of booklets, 
which when bound up is labelled 
the Old Testament. What we 
have to do for English literature 
and history is what the editors of 
the Sacred Canon did for the 
Hebrew literature and history : to 
imake a book that will give the 
condensed essence of the life and 
history 01 our race from the earliest times down to the 
present day. 

" England, as an entity ,Tias hardly any real existence for 
many of our people. Patriotism, as a result, has, as religious 
force, little hold upon our millions. But how can we 
expect to have a religion when we have not a Bible ? What 
is it that constitutes the Bible of the English? To 
answer that question I ask another. What is it that 
constitutes your sacred books ; what are the writings which 
have made England real to you, and enabled you to feel 
what may be called the religious side of imperial patriotism ? 
When you begin to think of the answer to this question the 
reflection will arise : Has the time not come for collecting 
our Sacred Caaon ; can we not compress within the covers ol 
one volume a narrative simple enough to be read by our 
young children, but true enough and profound enough to 
be the guide, philosopher, and friend of the greatest of our 
race, which would enable the ordinary man to see England 
as she looms through the mists of history as well as the 
England of to-day and the England that shall be to^ 
morrow ? 

" From seeing that the thing needs to be done to decide to 
do it, or try to do it if no one else will put their hand t« 
the task, is but a short step. The step I propose to take 
is the compilation of 'the Bible of the English.' Upon 
this point I daresay you may differ from me, but my idea 
is to follow, as closely as possible, the one volume which 
is in the home of almost every English-speaking family, 
namely, the Old Testament. 

" My general idea is to begin with Genesis and go down 
to Malachi, and I would follow pretty closely the familiar 
outlines of the Hebrew history. Our English Genesis, 
however, would start from the story of Gelert, which fore- 
shadows in its pathos and tragedy the story of the 
redemption of mankind. After Gelert would come the 
Arthurian legends. After King Arthur and the red ruin and 
breaking up of the laws which followed his disappearance, 
we have the coming of the English from over sea, as a kind 
of parallel to the Deluge, after which the story of the new 
world begins. The rest of our English Genesis would be 
made up from the English Saxon Chronicle and Bede's 
Ecclesiastical History. The reign of King Alfred 
would bo the nearest counterpart which we could find to 
the part taken by Joseph in the Old Testament. 

" Of course, I need not say that I do not for a moment 
wish to draw the parallel too close. The analogy between 
the Old Testament and our English Bible is to be a clue 
to help, not a chain to bind. Hence, I do not feel I am 
taking too great a liberty in comparing the sojourn of 

xsrael in Egypt with the subjugation of the En'glTsh nniler 
the Normans. The parallel is very close in many respect*. 
Israel owed at least as much to hor Egyptian taskmaster as 
the English owed to their Norman lords. I would make the 
date of the Exodus corrcBi)ond to the signing of the Magna 
Charta at Runnymede, and at that point I should bring 
in some brief statement of what may be called the body of 
English law, and the fundamental principles of English 
religion, going back, as far as possible, to the early English 
missionaries — St. Augustine, St. Golumba, and St. Aidan. 

" Even as I am dictating this, I feel that the mere task of 
oompiUng such a Bible would shed a flood of realising 
light upon the whole of the critical problems raised by 
modem biblical science. 

I " Our Leviticus must not merely begin with the teachings 
of the early saints, but must describe the imposing system 
which found its most complete material embodiment in the 
Cathedral, and its personification in Beckct. 

" I am not sure whether the Magna Charta should not 
represent the arrival at the Promised Land rather than 
the Exodus from Egypt. In that case we might have the 
troubled period of the Crusades for the wandering in tht 

" After the arrival in the Promised Land, or the attain- 
ment by the English of their chartered rights of liberty 
and self-government, we have a period corresponding 
roughly to that covered by Joshua and the Judges, a 
period of wars and of commotion, in which we shall have 
the conquest of Wales, the abortive attempts to conquer 
Scotland, the ejection from France, and the Wars of the 
Roses, culminating in the founding of what Green calls the 
• New Monarchy ' under Henry VII., who would be our 
Saul. It is difficult to say who is our Samuel Wycliff* 
was a little too early, but there will not fail us a nobis 
store of heroic figures with which to light up the story of 
that period. 

" I should have mentioned that, in the narrative, wherever 
possible, wejshould interpolate fragments of songs, poems, 
or speeches, which have come down to us from the past ; 
and always in telling the story, tell it as Plutarch does, 
or as the historical writers in the Bible do, as an affair 
of persons in which you see the hero, or his ante-type, 
and catch from his own lips the pregnant words which 
sum up the situation, and give us the key to his action. 
Froissart will be invaluable in compiling this part of the 
Bible-book. I am not sure whether we ought not to have a 
special book devoted to Joan of Arc. There also we have 
the Gelert myth working itself out, and the story is w 
piteous and so tragic that I am loath to relegate it to » 
mere episodical chapter. 

"Henry VH. is but an indifferent Saul, but he will 
. isrve, and if you look at the story of how Saul came to 
his kingdom, you will find that it is not without points of 
similarity to the career of the hero of Bosworth Field. 
Henry VH., however, will play but a small part in the 
story compared with our David, who is Henry Vlll.^-ft 
conception which would rejoice the heart of Mr. Froude. The 
story of the decay of the old religion, the corruption of the 
Church, and the demolition of the monasteries, will have to 
be told with grefit discretion. Cardinal Wolsey is a greater 
figure than any priest in David's reign, and Sir Thoma* 
More a character of finer t%-pe than any in Old Judea at 
that time. 



The Daily Paper. 

[October 4, 1893. 

"After a brief interlude of EJward and Mary we come to 
the Elizabetlian era, which corresponda to that of Solomon. 
It is obvious here what a brilliant opportunity there is for 
making our history live before the eyes of the present 
generation. Solomon came after our dull Rehoboam James I., 
and under the Stuarts was accomplished the beginning 
of the great disruption of the English race, when the men 
in the Mayflower sailed to the Xew England, and began the 
severance of the English-speaking race into two sections, 
although it was 'not fully accomplished until later. My 
Jeroboam, the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, is the 
Stuart who set up the Golden Calf of Sacerdotalism and 
tyranny, and made England to ain. The analogy does not 
work out quite right ; but the story of th<j civil wars and 
the Protectorate would figure conspicuously in our Bible- 
book. Then came the Restoration, when our Israel had 
forgotten God, and they heard the thunder of the Dutch 
guns in the Med way as a heavenly voice. Charles 11., with 
his painted Jezebels, makes a very good Ahab, and the 
Nonconformists ejected by the Act of Nonconformity repre- 
sent Elijah and Elisha. Then comes the Revolution, which 
corresponds to the reign of Jehoash, and this brings ua 
down to the eighteenth century. 

" I am not quite sure as to what reign we should put our- 
selves in, but I should like to locate ourselves in the reign 
of Josiah. That would enable us to treat the Victorian 
era as corresponding to the reign of Hezekiah, and there, 
for a moment, the historical part of the story would cease ; 
for we could not very well have Ezra and Nehemiah, or 
Daniel, all of which books are subsequent to the Captivity. 
Our captivity has not yet come. The conquest of India, 
the colonising of Greater Britain, the American revolt, 
the wars of the French Revolution, the establishment of 
modem democracy — all these would have to be told with 
childlike simplicity and directness, and, above all, plenty 
of personification; not imaginary personification, but the 
actual words of the actual men, such as Nelson's at Tra- 
falgar, and Gordon's at Khartoum, 

" So much for the historical part of the narrative. Now 
for the other half of the book. First and foremost, the 
Psalms. I should not make them entirely poetical ; that 
is, I should include among the Psalms of our race the 
utterances of our great ones in moments when their nature 
was wrung to its depths, as for instance, Cromwell's prayer' 
before he died, and others of similar description. They 
should all be the expression of personal experience, and 
would embody the aspirations of the English heart in all 
times of danger, perplexity, or prosperity. I would quote 
from the Prayer Book, the Litany, and many of the 
Collects and shorter prayers, but I would by no means make 
it entirely devotional. Wherever man in trouble for his 
life, or for what he deems of more importi^nce than his life, 
lets down, as it were, the grappling hook into the unseen 
depths, to find anchorage, by which he can, if not save 
his soul, at least stay his mind in peace — the articulate 
expression of such a mjmeut should be incorporated in otu 
national psalter. 

"Proverbs presents little difficulty, as the collection of 
English, Scotch, and American proverbs could l»e easily 
nade; it is a mere question of collation. I have not yet 
juite decided what poetry to quote iu place of Ruth, but 
I think it is possible that we might utilise Chaucer. 

" Shakespeare's sonnets nattu-ally suggest themselves for 
the Songs of Solomon. 

" ' Hamlet ' or ' Paradise Lost,' Job. 
" But for Ecclesiastcs, I think the best substitute we could 
find would be a compound from Bacon's Essays, Mattliew 
Arnold's poems, and some of Fitzgerald's translations 

from the Persian; but as they have so much of 
Fitzgerald, they may be regarded as more English than 

" This brings us down to the prophets, and prophets open 
up a wide and most attractive field. Without following 
the analogy too closely between major and minor prophets, 
there are a few of the sacred books of our tongae, selections 
from which should find space in the Canon. Sir Thomas 
More's ' Utopia ; ' Milton's ' Areopagitica,' -with some 
passages from his other prose writings ; some of Latimer's 
sermons; selections from the Spectator; aelections from 
Edmund Burke ; some passages from Jonathan Swift. I 
am not stire as to whether we should take anything from 
Locke, Hobbes, Berkeley, but we could give acHne of Adam 
Smith ; and I am not sure whether we ought not to include 
some of Cobden's early political writings, especially those 
dealing with our relations with' Russia, Ireland, and 
America. John Stuart Mill's ' Subjection of Women,' and 
his ' Essay on Liberty,' should be given, and there should be 
tjrpical extracts from Carlyle, Emerson, Mazzini (although 
he was an Italian). There ought also to be some passages 
from the more eminent exponents of physical science, and 
there might be some chapters from Professor Seeley'a 
• Expansion of England.' 

" Then we have the poets to pillage. Apart from those 
whose poems have been used in the Psalter in the con- 
struction of separate books, as Chaucer for Ruth, Milton for 
Job, Shakespeare for the Song of Solomon, there remain 
Spenser, who might be summarised with illustrative pas- 
sages ; possibly some of Dryden, Pope, Gray's Elegy ' In a 
Country Churchyard.' |Then we have Wordsworth, Cole- 
ridge, Byron, Shelley, Keats, Tennyson, the Brownings, 
Ebenezer Elliott, and Swinburne. 

" I think it would be possible to get all that into the space 
of an Old Testament, or, at any rate, of the Old Testament 
and the New. I think it could be done. I think it 
would be a marvellous mosaic, which, if it were done at 
all well, would come to be a companion to the Bible in 
every English home. Think it over, and ask whether any 
such book exists, or any semblance of such a book. Further, 
ask whether it would not be a distinct advantage to be 
able to have suah a book for reading in our schools, and 
for having ready to otu: hand in after-life 7 I do not think 
that any such book could be compiled without making 
England more real and vivid to us all, and thus sowing 
the seed in the mind of all English-speaking men of the 
conception of the tmity of their race, of its providential 
mission, and of the lessons which its history teaches. 

" The scheme seems to me eminently feasible and likely 
to prove most useful. Many minor suggestions and fancies 
as to the use to be made of particular bits of literature 
which occurred to me in reading the prospectus, I pass 
over for the moment. The time for such an eflFort to make 
national history vivid, as it can best be when read iu 
contemporary records and through the literature of the 
time, has doubtless come." 


I sent this draft to some friends, amongst others to 
Professor Bryce, who wrote very kindly and sympathetically 
to me on the subject He was good enough to send me the 
following criticisms, which, even if accepted en Uoo, would 
not aflfect the scope of the conception. 

" The idea is admirable, true in its essence : full of sug- 
gestive force. 

" The working out of the idea is also not impossible, but 
eminently desirable. The most useful contribution I can 
mako to your consideration of it is to point out some of the 

OoToliER 4, 181)3.] 

The Daily PAi'iiu. 


•'One i.s )li!\t in jmrts it will bi> ucctvssiuy to li'l llio t:»lo 
(]f the Kii!j;lisli i)ii)i>lc, uot iu the words of the old litiTutuni 
(as ainoug the lli-browa), but iu uur owu, because tho old 
llteirtturo cither did not exist or 13 lost. This opplics to 
Iho curly time. However, thcro is not only tho Saxou 
( hroniclc, of which great uso must bo made, but also tlio 
jioeni of Beowulf, and the works of Caedmon aud Cyuwulf 
(Vide Stopford Brooke's 'History of Auglo-Saxon Poetry'). 
'Ihcro is also tho Lay of Brunanburgh, and tho Lay of 

*'A second difliculty is the comparatively small part 
played by relii,'iou3 literature iu our national growth. 


Though the Hebrew literature is not all of it in its original 
sense quite [so purely religious as we make |it, it is much 
more tinged by religion than ours. Neither is our literature 
BO eminently national. 

"These difficulties will oblige the subject to be presented 
in a somewhat different light from that of the Hebrew 
literature. [The religious feeling of our early time is 
Catholic rather than English, and the Reformation is the 
only era when strong religious aud strong national passion 
coincide. That of the Commonwealth time has to be 
directed against foes within. However, this is only an 
illustration of the more general difficulty of drawing a 
close parallel between British and Hebrew history. Your 
parallels are most ingenious, and even when not close 
are suggestive. But I should not attempt in] a book to 
present them nearly as closely as your prospectus does. 
A general indication of the similarity to begin with, and a 
reference at various points to interesting analogies, would 
of course be given. But to press the similarities or ana- 
logies closely, while it might sometimes mislead tlie 
inexperienced reader, would raise clouds of hostile criticism 
which would interfere with the value of the work as a 
thing to be generally accepted as influential. E.g., we 
have nothing like the Prophets in their historical past in 
the evolution of the moral and natioual life of Israel. We 
have nothing like the Babylonian Captivity, which is the 
turning point in Jewish history. "We lead up to nothing 
like tho era of the New Testament. We have Pharisees 
and Sadducees, but no Rome in the background. Therefore 
1 would not attempt to press parallels far, because this 
might distract attention from the most valuable and fertile 
idea that prompts, and will throughout iuspi'-e your 
Bchemc — the idea that the literature of a peoi:)le is its life- 
blood, and the key to both its national, and its religious 


Wl have had two Ibiiiio Uiilu Bills, tliose of 188G and 
1801!, — or iu reality three, if wo tiiko into acxiount the 
ulteri:'.iim> made in llie last Hill i>y its auth(jr wiiilc it wa« 
iu Ci nmiltec — Bills IVanicd I)y Cubincta of Kuglish states- 
men in which Ireland hail not a single represcntativo. If 
in 181)4 we have a tliiid Home Rule Bill, it ia to be hoped 
that it will avoid the blunder of proposing to establish a 
new Constitution for Ireland, without first requiring from 
the representatives of Ireland a full and authoritatire 
statement of the conditions and limitations which they 
believe to bo iudispensablo for success. 

Iu order to secure this end and at tlie same time to pre- 
vent auy unnecessary waste of the time of the House of 
Commons in the discussion of a measure certain to be 
rejected by the Peers, the Homo Rule Bill of 1894 might 
.be framed somewhat as follows : — 

[a Bill to Aiiexd the Puovision fob the Goverkuent 
OF Ireland. 

Whereas it is expedient that, without impairing or 
restricting the supreme authority of Parliament, an Irish 
legislature should be created for the making of laws for 
the peace, order, and good government of Ireland, ia 
respect of matters exclusively relating to Ireland or eom« 
part thereof, 

Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's Blost Excellent 
Majesty, by aud with the advice aud consent of the Lords 
Spiritual aud Temporal, and Commons in this present 
Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, ai 
follows :— 

1. On and after the appointca day (not later than the 
eecond week in the Recess of 1894) there shall be in 
Ireland a National Convention, consisting of all the repre- 
sentatives of Ireland iu the House of Commons. 

2. There shall be granted to this Irish National Con- 
vention power to take into consideration the various 
legislative proposals that have from time to time been 
brought forward to secure the better government of Ireland 
by the Irish people, and to frame and present a report not 
later than Christmas, 1894, for presentation to the Imperial 
Parliament, setting forth the provisions which, in the 
opinion of the National Convention, must be made to secure 
a permanent and satisfactory rearrangement of the existing 
relations between the two countries, ^j.^, ~ ■ ■ •■..-^^ 

3. The Report of the National Convention shall form the 
basis of a measure to be introduced in 1S95, for the settle- 
ment of the future of the Irish Government, subject to such 
alterations (if any) as may be necessary to safeguard the 
supremacy of the Imperial Parliament and the interests 
and welfare of the rest of the Empire. 

4. The necessary expenditure shall be met by a vote oa 
the Irish estimates. 

Such a Bill need not be discussed at any length. Ex- 
cepting the affirmation of the sound principle that any new 
Constitution for Ireland must be in the first place framed 
and fashioned by the Irish themselves, it contains nothing 
which has not been debated ad 7iauseam in the House of 
Commons, and it reserves everything that might in any 
way endanger the supremacy of Parliament and the [in- 
terests of the Empire. 

If it were deemed advisable to avoid a collision with the 
House of Lords, this might be done by introducing a Bill 
consisting solely of the preamble and the first clause of the 
Home Rule Bill of 1893, and then after reading it a second 
time, the whole subject might be relegated to a National 
Committee of all the Irish members, empowered by a special 
resolution of the House to sit at Dublin during the recess, 
with instructions similar to the terms of the second clauae of 
the above Bill. 

Either of these methods would extricate the Government 
aud tho Irish members from the present liopekss inipiusb. 


The Daily Paper. 

[OCTOEEB i, 1S93. 



Suggestion from 

"We can live without books," sang Lord Lytton, "but 
we cannot live without cooks," yet this most ancient of 
all the arts is that to which the least attention is paid 
in daily newspapers. In cooking the English have made 
but little progress compared with their French neighbours. 
Nothing impressed me more, when cycling in France, 
than the immense superiority of our neighbours south of 
the Channel in everything relating to making food tasty 
and palatable. There is almost as much difference 
between the cookery of a French auberge and an English 
public-house as there is between English cookery and 
that of the savage who cooks his steak by sitting on it 
on horseback. 

^ It was not merely the excellence of the French cooking 
which surprised and delighted me, but the capacity of the 
French native to turn out a palatable meal at a price at which 
an English purveyor would turn up his nose. I well 
remember one day on which we went into a little auberge 
at Jargeau on the anniversary of the day on which Jeanne 
d'Arc captured that stronghold from the English. The 
good lady of the inn declared that she had nothing to give 
«s, but on being pressed said that she could give us lunch 
if ,we (would wait half an hour. We therefore waited, 
and meanwhile possessed our souls in peace. When 
the lunch came it was worth waiting for. There was 
M much bread as one could eat, and as much wine 
as one could drink; then there was a capital omelette, 
and after which a beautifully cooked entrecote and 
a ealad. After that we had cheese, and then some 
ripe cherries. This, mark you, was served up at half- 
"an-hour's" notice, after the landlady had declared she 
had nothing whatever in the house, and it had had to 
be improvised while we were waiting. In an English 
village we could not have hoped to have had anything 
beyond the inevitable ham and eggs, a rasher of bacon, or 
possibly a beef-steak or a mutton chop with bread and 
cheese, for which we would have had to pay from eighteen- 
pence to half-a-crown. At Jargeau that dainty little lunch 
of three courses, with wine and cheese and dessert, only 
oost one shilling and threepence a-head. And yet in France 
every article of food, with the exception of wine and fruit, 
is dearer than in England ; but when you come to get a 
dinner, whether it be the cooking or whether it be want 
of commonsense, you very often have to pay twice as much 
in England for food that is not half as good. This set me 
thinking, and as my boys informed me that wherever they 
went they found it was pretty much the same, it seemed to 
me that one of the works which most urgently required to 
be done in modern England was to try and level up the 
ordinary English housewife to the culinary level of her 
French sister. It ought not to be impossible. 

Holding these opinions very strongly, I asked Mr. 0. H. 

Senn, author of an excellent book on Practical Gastronomy, 

and Cookery Demonstrator at the National School of 

Cookery at Buckingham Palace Road, if he would help me 

in this new crusade for the Frenchification of English 

cookery. Mr. Senn kindly consented, and as a kind of 

experimental trial trip he drew up for me the following 

suggestion for a Middle-class Dinner :— 

Hors d'QSuvre. 

Dressed Norwegian Anchoviea. 


Carrot soup with rice. 


Fried fillets of whiting (Tyrolian style). 


Goose-liver ze'phires with trufSes. 

Stewed chicken (Marengo style). 

Green peas with ham. 


Leg of mutton, cauliflower and sauce. 

Grouse, chipped potatoes, French salad. 


Border of fruit (Polish fashion)^ 


Yarmouth cheese straws. 

Cheese atid Salad. 



Across tKe Channel 

The Mentt. 
It is no use preparing a menu, unless you explain how to 

cook .the 'dishes it contains, and the recipes which follow 
—unluckily I have not space for more than three— are 
drawn up on Mr. Senn's responsibility, not on mine ; but 
they will suiBcieutly indicate the manner in which the 
dishes are treated, and what I shall do in the future. 

1. Anchovies, Norwegian fashion. 
Prepare some fillets of Norwegian anchovies, trim neatly; 
have ready three hard-boiled eggs, chop up two coarsely! 
yolk and white separate ; dish up in hors-d'oeuvre dishes 
(little glass dishes) ; season with a little chopped tarragon, 
chervil, and red pepper ; sprinkle with a little oil and 
vinegar. Place the anchovy fillets over the top in the 
shape of lattice-work ; ornament with fancy slices of lemon, 
quarters of hard-boiled egg and parsley. 

2. Filtered Carrot Soup with Rice. 

Wash and scrape ten large French carrots, shred ofiF all 
the red part, parboil them for five minutes, drain, dry, and 
put them in a stewpan with three ounces of butter, one 
large sliced onion, and the white part of a leek ; stir over 
the fire for a few minutes, add two quarts of stock, season 
with salt, pepper, and a little nutmeg ; allow it to simmer 
until the carrots are done. Rub the whole through a fine 
sieve or tammy. Put it on the fire again, add more stock, 
a dessert spoonful of sugar, a pat of fresh butter, also one 
otmce of fe'cule or corntiower mixed first with a little milk 
or water. Stir well, allow it to simmer for fifteen minutes, 
add a quarter of a poimd of rice boiled in beef broth, skim 
well, and serve with bread sippets either separate or in the 
Boup tmeen. 

3. Stewed Cldcken, Marengo style. 

Cut up two tender chickens into meat joints, put a gill 
of sweet oil in a large sautoir ; when hot, place the chickens 
in same on the fire, and allow it to fry over a quick fire, 
with the following seasoning: one bayleaf, a sprig of 
thyme, a clove, a small shallot, salt, a little cayenne and 
grated nutmeg. When the pieces are slightly brown on 
both sides, remove the bayleaf, thyme, clove and shallot, 
pour off part of the oil, add a dessert-spoonful of finely 
chopped shallot, and a clove of bruised garlic ; allow it 
to fry a few minutes longer, moisten with half a gill of good 
stock, and one pint of espagnole and tomato sauce in equal 
parts, one glass of sherry and half a glass of brandy, also 
six large sliced mushrooms. Let all simmer, for twenty 
minutes (covered). 

, Fry in very hot sweet oil as many eggs as may be 
required (one to each person), strain them on a cloth, 
dish up the chickens in pyramidal form, sauce well, place 
the eggs round the dish, garnish with fried glazed bread 
croutons, and serve. 

I had hoped to have been able to accompany each of 
these dishes with a statement of their estimated cost per 
head, and in future, should the publication bo continued, 
I should append to the recipes the market prices of all the 
ingredients and the addresses where they could be obtained 
at the price quoted. 

' It is evident that there is a wide field for enterprise and 
ingenuity if once the daily journalist treats the business of 
the household as seriously as he treats the business of the 
law courts or of county councils. The fact that this field 
has hitherto been practically unworked save by weekly 
papers is one of the reasons why the circulation of our 
dailies lags behind. Many an army has been rained by 
defects of commissariat, and domestic economy is far mora 
interesting and much more important to the average naan 
and woman than the political and social economics which 
are wrangled over in the papers. Some day, I hope, we 
may arrive at such a pitch of intelligent interest in those 
things as to deem it worth while to tcK-graph the in- 
gredients of a new sauce with as much particularity as the 
discovery of a bloody murder or the result of a steeplechase. 
But tlien I am naturally of a sanguine disposition. But 
Rome was not built in a day, and such a revolution is Hot 
going to be wrought this side of the twentieth century. 

OcTODEU 4, 1803.] 

The Daily Paper. 



It IB about time that advcrlisomcnta were odited. Even 
tho larfccat pajwra aro feeling tliia, and for ourpoeket-pajier 
it is iudispcnsablo. At present advertisement pages aro 
put together anyhow. The advertiser pays his money and 
takes his ehoico as to what ho puts in. He will sometimes 
in tho plenitude of his authority transform a wliole broad- 
sheet into a staring and hideous poster in whieh tho man 
who has i)urehased the space proclaims in the largest 
capitals what goods ho has for sale. It seems t ) me tluit 
tho interests, both of tho advertiser and of the public, would 
be served if it were to be regarded as an axiom that 
advertising pages ought to bo as interesting as those 
devoted to news. They should bo kept distinct, there 
should bo no mixing of the two ; but advertisements should 
be readable. An uninteresting advertisement ought to be 
refused equally with an uninteresting piece of copy. Of 
course to newspapers at their wits' end to know how to fill 
their columns with advertisements, such an ideal may be im- 
possible ; but in a small and handy paper such as this, if an 
advertiser cannot make his advertisement interesting, he 
will have to leave it out. Here and there an advertiser has 
made an effort to make his advertisement readable, but 
often this movement has been rendered worse than useless 
by the insertion of such an advertisement in the news part 
of the paper. There are few things more objectionable than 
advertisements palmed off as if they were news. Every 
advertisement ought to be marked, and not mixed up with 
the news, but put where people] will know where to find 
them. Of course some]advertisemeuts, which may be called 
directory advertisements, such as advertisements of theatres, 
or of situations vacant and wanted, and business addresses, 
are interesting in themselves; but displayed advertise- 
ments, occupying a great deal of space, and merely con- 
taining the name of the advertiser, or a block which has 
done duty for twenty years, ought to be regarded as hence- 
forth impossible. This would involve, no doubt, an appeal 
from the advertiser to the journal to help him to convert 
his advertisement into interesting copy, and the journalist 
on his part may legitimately place both artist and descrii)- 
tive writer at the service of the advertiser. The time is 
coming, and may not be far distant, when instead of 
repeating one and the same advertisement one hundred 
times until it is no more noticed than you notice the nose 
upon your face, ^every advertisement will change its form 
from day to dav. 

Our advertising system is singularly stereotj'ped and is 
ine tUve of routine and of use and wont. Advertising 
will u»ke a new lease of life when advertisers can draw 
upon .the brains of the staff of the paper m whieh they 
advertise as to how they can convert what is at present a 
dull monotonous proclamation of goods to sell into a bright, 
lively, and interesting narrative. Of course it may be 
impossible to change the advertisement every day; but 
between- that and continuing the same stereotyped 
announcement year in and year out ^there is a very great 
deal which might be done. I feel disposed to rule that no 
advertisement shall appear in the same terms for more 
than six days. 

In addition to having advertisements interesting they 
ought to be honest. I hope that The Daily Paper will 
never publish an advertisement which will be calculated to 
injure, to mislead, or to defraud the public. At jircsent the 
ethics of newspaper proprietors in this respect are very 
rudimentary. It is tacitly accepted that you can advertise 

what you please ; as long as the money comes in it makes 
no diU'crence. A rule tliat no financial advertisements 
should bo inserted which invited tho public to subacribo 
to what, in the opinion of our City Editor, was a bare-faced 
swindle would exclude a good number of advertisements 
Of course with the most vigilant scrutiny now and then au 
advertisement will find its way into our columns whic":i 
ought not to have appeared. In those cases if any reader 
should have reason to complain of having been defrauded by 
any advertisement appearing in [these columns, he will be 
invited to send in a statement of his case, and if it ia 
proved to be well founded, the advertisement will be im- 
mediately discontinued, and when pt is found that the 
advertiser has rendered himself liable to prosecution by 
obtaining money on false pretences, or by rendering himself 
in any way amenable to law, Tlte Daily Paper will under 
take the cost of his prosecution. TOf course it will be said 
this will limit the number of advertisements which may 
be accepted, but I have no wish to make my paper an 
advertising board for swindlers, and I hope that I shall 
have the co-operation of my readers in making it 
difficult for these gtut: , 1.^ obtain possession of their neigh- 
bours' money. 

I will conclude this brief statement of the principles upon 
whieh the advertising columns of The Daily Paper will be 
conducted by stating that, with strict precautions, I think 
it is quite possible to make a most useful and interesting 
advertisement page by publishing matrimonial advertise- 
ments under strict supervision. That matrimonial adver- 
tising has been scandalously abused is no reason why 
it should not be placed upon a sounder footing. In all 
large towns there are multitudes of people who have very 
little opportunity of making the acquaintance of eligible 
partners. The newspaper is the usual medium by which 
human wants are made known. But this greatest of all 
human wants, that of finding a partner with whom to divide 
the burdens and share the joys of life, is practically tabooed in 
the columns of the press. "NVe see it, more or less surrepti- 
tiously, under the agony column of the various newspapers, 
but I see no reason why bond fide matrimonial advertise- 
ments, if due references are exacted, should not be a very 
useful adjunct of a daily paper. At any rate I shall be 
disposed to make the experiment. I am quite sure that 
there would be few pages more interesting, and possibly 
few that would be more useful. 

Of course these developments would involve an addition to 
the staff both of artists and interviewers whose regular 
professional duty it would be to interview advertisers and 
to illustrate the goods advertised. Of course some of the 
prudes of the profession will be shocked at such a develop- 
ment, but they can remain shocked. There ifl nothing 
which ought to offend them in providing a competent 
staff to enable customers to use your columns fur 
purposes of publicity, and make their communications 
interesting instead of being, as at present, too often 
extremely dull. The one thing that is bad is the 
mixing of advertisements with the news, and that is carried 
on to a scandalous extent by some journalists whose position 
has not even the tyrant's plea of necessity. As a kind of 
sample of the way in which my plan could be carried out, 
without any preteusion of doing it ideally well, I publish a 
series of advertisements in this number which have been 
written and illustrated expressly for the purpose of bringing 
out Lay idea 



The Daily Paper. 

[October 4, 1893. 


To Our Readers 

In bringing out the first number of The Daily Paper, 
even although it is a sample number, many difficulties 
are encountered which will disappear when the paper is 
in regular working order. But it is exceptionally difficult 
to bring out a paper which has to go to press three weeks 
before it is issued to the public. 


That is the case with the present number, and that is 
the explanation why many of the regular features of a 
morning paper are omitted from the present number. Fur 
instance, no quotations are given as to the business done on 
the Stock Exchange, andno reports are published concerning 
the various] athletic contests and healthy outdoor sports 
which would in ordinary course receive their due meed of 
attention. I could of course have published such reports, 
bat as they would not have appeared until three weeks after 
date, they would simply have had the effect of loading our 
sample numl>er with unreadable matter. As the first 
necessity for any paper is to be interesting, it would have 
been pedantic to insist upon making the number an exact 
facsimile of what it would have been had the paper been in 
regular running, for the simple reason that what would 
have been interesting and, indeed, indispensable, when 
served up the next morning, is quite unreadable when, as 
in the present instance, it is three weeks before it reaches 
the eye of the public. I publish the Summary because it is 
necessary to indicate roughly the way in which I would 
deal with the bulk of the news which is published at length 
in the ordinary papers. That Summary carefully dune from 
day to day will constantly aim at condensing all the important 
news of the world into manageable space. For the same 
reason some pages which in ordinary course would have 
been devoted to the publication of the more important 
items of news at greater length, are in the present number 
devoted to special articles of more permanent interest. 


I regret also that I have not been able to secure the 
topical poem with which I had hoped to begin a series of 
poems of the day, which I think will be by no means the 
least attractive feature of the paper. I do not expect that 
we shall develop a Tennyson or a Brown-ing, but there is 
an immenflo amount of versifying talent evaporating in the 
country, and if it could be utilised to give ns modern 
ballads, dealing with the incidents of the day, heroic verse 
and topical poems, it would tend to lighten the pages of 
our prose. 

The housewife's chapter is, in this number, devoted to 
cooking, but in turn dress and other topics of importance 
in the administration of the household will be dealt with 
by competent hands. A page for children will also be added, 
but on that point I prefer to keep my plans in reserve. 


Parliament fortunately is not sitting at present. When it 
is I will of course report its proceedings ; not so much from 
the Gallery as from the Smoking-room and the Lobby. 
Business is really settled outside the House of Commons, and 
the full dress debates and public tiltings of Ministerialiists 
and the Opposition may for the most part be left alone. I 
shall aim at presenting Parliament from day to day, as it- 
is seen and hoard, and this must be done from the inside, 
even if it is necessary to secure the return of a member 
who, after his duty to liia constituents and to the country, 
will consider it his first duty to keep the readers of The 
Daily Paper on the inside track of all the business that is 
discussed at St. Stephen's. 


Another feature of The Daily Paper, which of necessity 
cannot appear in the first number, is that of Correspondence, 
Notes and Queries, and Answers to Correspondents. These, 
liowever, will be merely the cream of the mass of inquiries 
which are sure to reach a paper that undertakes this 
branch of its duties in a serious spirit. The fundamental 
idea of the paper is, that all subscribers to The Daily Paper 
are members of a society of mutual help, grouped round the 
editorial sanctum, and that any member of that society has 
a right to regard himself entitled to a reasonable answer 
to any question on which he may want information. TLo 
true ideal of an editor is a man to whom you can apply 
for information upon anything at any time, and obtain an 
answer, either vocally or by letter. 


A New York paper that was called the Cliristian Union 
established a department which was extremely useful 
to its readers and not unprofitable to the newspaper. Any 
subscriber who wished to go anywhere from anywhere had 
only to intimate his desire for information as to the route 
and expense to the tourist manager of the paper, in order 
to receive a plan of the route with the propectuscs, etc., 
of the railways, steamships, and hotels which he would 
need to use between the point of his departure and that of 
his arrival. I should try to do something of the same kind 
in rZte Daily Paper. 


The Family Herald "Answers to Correspondents," which 
Mr. Grant Allen and the late Mr. James Runciman 
conducted for years, has met a real want. My own 
experience of what has been jokingly called the 
Confessional Department of Thb Review of Reviews 
shows how great is the need for opportunities of con- 
fidential advice. I should propose to develop the system 
of Answers to Correspondents a step further by attaching 
to the encyclopjedic editor a list of Consultors — to borrow 
the Roman term — composed of the most trusted, level- 
headed, and experienced men and women in all departments 
of life. There would be no need to trouble them about tho 
enormous majority of cases ; but every now and then an 
important point would be raised, which could be referred 
to them, and their judgment would be given sometimes in 
the paper, but perhaps more frequently by letter. 


An excellent newspaper has pioneenjjj the way in 
another direction. I refer to the Christian, whose weekly 
lists of acknowledgm^'nts of subscriptions for all manner 
of charities show that the newspaper, in addition to 
its many other functions, has an immense field before 
it in the shape Of a collection-box. If a single weekly 
paper in London, without any display or advertisement, 
or without making any fuss about the matter, can 
collect from its readers for various religious and philan- 
thropic objects from £15,000 to £20,000 a year, it ^s quito 
evident that what may be called tho Collection Box De- 
partment of The Daily Paper ought not to be neglected. 

Twice a week the size of The Daily Paper will be 
increased to sixty pages, for the purpose of making special 
provision for advertisements of situations wanted and 
vacant, together with other special features which from 
time to time may arise. 

The otlier publications which would naturally grow out 
of The Daily Paper will be found advertised in our 
advertising columns. 

October 4, 1893.] ThE DaILY PaPICR. AdVKRTISMMHNTS. 



Havinq heard some rumour of a roiiiliig revo- 
lution 111 the mauufmture of scwIiir maihliies, 
1 railed In at the oOUe of Sle^wia. \\ heeler aud 
Wllaon, of 21, Quccii Victoria Street, E.C., M 

anything which they do not know about sewing 
uiachiues is not worth knowing. Their general 
manager (Mr. Powell) being absent iu Chicago, 
I saw Mr. Imrie, aud asked him what was the 
truth about the reported machlue, and was there 
such a Diacbiue coming uuil 

"Yes," said he, "the sewing machine with 
which we are about to astonish the public is 
not solely for domestic purposes, but will bo 
three machines lu one, aud is especially designed 
to help those who do work in their own homes, 
totally eclipsing our still famous Jso. 9, which ia 
two machines in one. As 1 daresay you will know, 
It is very a^ful to a machinist to be able to do 
both chain and lock stitch work. To meet this 
demand, and to save the purchase of two 
machines, we invented our celebrated No. 9, 
which makes a perfect lockstitch, or by simply 
removing the bobbin and substituting the looper, 
It makes a perfect chainstitch. But the new 
machlue will do more. Possessed of this 
machine, the operator can do dress-making, 
tailoring, mantle-making, join pieces of material 
edge to edge, do ornamental stitching, and make 
buttonh'>les, etc., etc. It is an impossibility for 
any one ever to be at loss with this machine." 

" Of course, you are making & special feature 
of this machine at the Chicago Exhibition ? " 

" We have largely contributed to the Patent 
Office exhibits In the Government building at the 
World's Fair, having on show there a large 
number of models, but we are not exhibiting 
at the World's Fair. Our extensive show- 
rooms stand Just outside the grounds. We 
declined to have our machines on view at the 
Exhibition, for the following reasons : — 

" 1. The space assigned to us iu the Department 
of Manufactures for the exhibition of our family 
machines was inadequate, and badly located. 

" 2. In the inadequate space assigned to us In 
the Department of Machinery we were not per- 
mitted to make a practical exhibit of machines 
for the stitchiug of leather, but were required to 
exhibit such machines, if at all, in the Leather 
and Shoe Trades Building. 

"3. Even if spacewere assigned to us in the 
Leather and Shoe Trades Building, all machines 
shown In o peration were to be placed iu line as 
pavt of_auother exhibit, for which we were to 
furnish expert operators, free of expense, iut 
not under our own direction. 

" We are quite independent of the World's 
Fair, and can hold our own with any machine 
anywhere. Look at our awards. We gained 
the only Grand Prize at the Great Inter- 
national Competition at Paris in 1878 ; the same 
in 1889, where the Cross of the Legion of Honour 
was conferred upon Nathaniel Wheeler, and 
from the earliest days of the sewing-machine 
Industry the highest honours iu the shape of 
Grand Prizes, Premiums, Gold and Silver 
Medals, Testimonials, have fallen thick and 

fast upon our marhlnofi. ' So far ba k a' 1«73 
the Imperial Onler of Kranils Jo-fcph was con- 
ferral upon Nathaniel Wheeler at Vienna, U) 
show how great was the api)rC'ialion of the 
Emperor of AuHtrla with regard to the par 
excellence of our Invention." 

" What Is the speciality that gives this excep- 
tional piisltton to your machines ? " 

" Our Rotary Motion. The common method 
of making a lockstitch is by means of a vibrat- 
ing shuttle, where the shuttle plies backwards 
aud forwanls, having to cover a Joniiey of eight 
or ten Inches for every stitch. Tlil.s method is 
mechanically wrong, causing waste of force, as 
the shuttle has to stop at each end of its jonrnej' 
of vibration. Our Rotary Motion also possesses 
a unique advantage, as a twist Is given to the 
threads where they cross each other, forming a 
partial knot, and also giving elasticity and frce- 
ness to the work. This may seem a trifle, but 
it has a great effect in obtaining finish and 
perfection. Then as to speed. Our 'Flying' 
Machine is capable of doing 3,000 stitches per 
minute. This would practically be impossible 
with a shuttle motion." 

"AVasyour machine rotary from the first?" 

" Yes, from the very first; and we were first 
hi the field. Although we were not the original 
inventors of the sewiug machine, as two Eng- 
lish patents were granted before ours, yet the 
Wheeler and AVilson sewing machine, hiveuted 
by Allen B. \\'ilson in the year 1849, was the 
first practical machine invented and soil in 
America and England, the other previous Eng- 
lish patents having been unheard of. Iiniu- 
merable improvements have been made since 
then, but the original construction remains 

" What is your best machine?" 

" For a family machine there is nothing to 
compare with our Xo. 9, it being superior to all 
others, iu point of ease, rapidity, aud precision 
of action, uniformity of tension, and perfection 
of stitch, and can be worked at once by the most 
veritable novice. But for light manufacturing 
purposes, aud for those who w ill take the trouble 
to become experts, our No. 1 wiU give the best 
results. Our No. 1 is pre-eminently the machine 
for the manufacture of umbrellas, pinafores, aud 
underclothing, etc., etc. In fact, it is the only 
machine for umbrellas. Unless there is a certain 
amoimt of elasticity in the seams of an umbrella, 
the strain is so great that they would split up 
immediately upon opening. There is no sewing 
machine in the market that possesses such capa- 
bilities lu the hands of an expert operator as our 
No. 1." 

" How do your machines affect woman's 

" Indirectly, we raise the toiler from drudgery. 
All our special machines open up new open- 
lugs for skilled labour. Is not supervision 
superior to working? Here is our button-hole 
machine. This is capable of turning out six 
finished holes per minute, including cutting. 

oiily requiring tli<" attention of a «klll«4 
opeiator, t<) whom the ma' lilne In but a »lave, 
'J'lien we have niai liliics lapublo of the m'»tl 
elab' irate and )>eautirul art nee llework, requiring 
skill, taste for colouring, aud arilsllc Ideai. 
Look at this mantle border ; can you detect it 
from hand-work ? " 

" Indeed, this Is quite lovely. But will It not 
do harm to hand-embroiderers?" 

" Not necessarily bo. These machines do It 
qui.ker and cheaper. Only tho«e ladies who 
have time and talent to adorn their resldcn-es 
with the work of their own fair hands can afford 
such luxuries. Let the love of the beautiful 
spread, and a new Industry will spring up for 
the adornment of the homes of England, giving 
constant employment to women of artistic ta.stf. 
Then let us consldei the heavier work. We 
have special tailoring and boot-making machines, 
having perfect tensions, automatic tension re- 
lease, faultless lockstitch, and positive feed ; all 
tending to lessen labour, and relieving the 
operator from unnecessary toll. The chief 
features of a good machine should be to lighten 
laboiu', save time, and unnecessary nervous 
friction, making the machine as much as 
possible a slave iu the hands of a master. Here 
is our ' walking-foot ' machine, which is 
specially de^igned for stitching together ma- 
terials, one or other of w hich would drag more 
or less lu any ordinary machine. Tear a pie e 
of calico in twain on the slant, and it will be 
difficult, if not impossible, to rejoin that without 
being so many hiches out at completion. That 
would not happen with this machine, and for 
binding mattresses aud horse clothing, and for 
gaiter work, this machine has no equal. Then 
our ' trimming ' machine stitches and trims the 
edge of material at same time. Our No. 12 
'wheel-feed boot-closing' machine works with 
the utmost facility any kind of thread, cottou, 
silk, or linen, on all boots and shoes, slippers, 
leggings, gaiters, etc., etc., which cannot be 
s.iiJ of any other machine. Then, returning to 
fancy work, look at our hem-.stitching. Have 
you ever seen better samples than this edging ? " 

"No; but do j'ou expect hem-stitching to 
come more in vogue iu England ? " 

" 'Well, we hope so. This machine Is specially 
designed for handkerchief hem-stitching and 
ornamental hemming of t;ible-linen, bei-Iinen, 
ladies' uuder-wear, shirts. Garibaldis and skirts, 
etc., etc. British manufacturers are at the pre- 
sent moment favourably remarking upon th# 
beautiful and much-admired stitching on shirts, 
collars and cuffs of American and Continental 
make, and we are expecting a move to be made 
In that direction." 

" In what country do you sell most machines ? " 

" In America, althongh now we are making 
great headway in the United Kingdom. Besides 
our branch dep'ts, we have over 5U0 agencies 
scattered throughout Great Britain and Ireland. 
Our No. 1 machine is the favourite in India and 
the East generally, and, of course, onr Conti- 
nental awards enable us to command the market 
on the Continent. Our output is so great that 
every minute we manufacture a machine. That 
means an annual production of 525,600 machines. 
Forty-four years ago there was uot a sewing- 
machine to be purchased. Is this not a con- 
clusive reply as to what we have accomplished 
for women workers ? " 

Cordially congratiUating Messrs. Wheeler and 
WUson upon such a contribution to the pra tical 
solution of a vexed question, I took my leave. 

■%•.-■ ,v "■ >v;V ■^-^r:,V.::'-. 



: tpmmmmmm 

Siiiii::Miiii!ii;iiif;iii,ia . 





The Daily Paper. — Advertisements. [Octobeb 4, isos. 



Tltreepence WeeUy. A Popular Library. 

PubL'shed every Thursday, paper covers, crown quarto, 
uniform in size \\ith The Daily Paper. Each volume, con- 
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following is a list of the first yeia'a publications ; — 

1. The Eible. 

2. Shakespeare's Tragedies. 

3. ,, Comedies. 

4. „ Histoncal Flays and Fosais. 

5. Scott's Waverley. 

6. 7. Dickens' Pickwick Papsrs. 
8. The Arabian Nights. 

■ 9. Book of Common Prayer and Imitation of Christ 

10. Marcus Aurelius and Epictetus. 

11. Carlyle's Hero Worship. 

12. Lowell's Poems. 

13. 14, 15, 16. Plutarch's Liv3S. 

17. Robinson Crusoe. 

18. Gulliver's Travels. 

19. Herodotus. 

20. Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress. 

21. Spenser's Fairie Queen. 

22. Eeade's It's Never Too Late to Mend. 

23. Scott's Ivanhoe. 

24. Carlyle's Past and Present. 

25. 26. Macaulay's Essays. 

27. Bacon's Essays. 

28. Scott's Poems. 

29. Homer. 

30. .Esop's Fables. 

81. Hugo's Les Miscrables. 

32. The Eddas. 

83. Eenard the Fox and Tyll Owlglass. 

34, 35. Early English Eomances. 

36. Don Quizote. 

37. Hawthorne's Scarlet Letter. 

38. Lytton's Last Days of Pompeii. 

39. Scott's The Heart of Midlothian. 

40. Burns. 

41. St. Augustine's Confe^sioas. 

42. Dickens's Oliver Twist. 

43. Malory's Morte D'Ai'thur. 

44. 'Wordsworth. 

45. 46. Thackeray's Vanity Fair. 

47. Mill's Subjection of "Women. 

48, Hark Twain's Travels. 

49. Dante. 

50, 51. Carlyle's French Revolution. 
62. John Bright's Speeches. 

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centre of Africa is chronicled as eynipathetically as 
the Christian fervour of Bishop Patterson or the heroio 
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history are told in the form of Special Correspondence, and 
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ooTOBKB 4, 1893] The Daily Papi:r — Advertisements. 



At the ronier of Ktug Street, Chetfwll*, 
bUikIh k Urge bull>lliig, the bklconlw of wbl>'h 
»ro coiinpU uous fur the illnplny of tlie luyxtlo 
wnnl reKamold. It Is I'egaiuuiil, IVgamuld, 
VegamuUl "all over thp lUiop." What U I'ega- 
iu<ilil?U the que«tliiii wliKh haa boeii aaked 
times without imuiber, wllhuut a utlKfik'tury 
answer boliig ri'tiinieil I'hx beHt way of solving 
the ridtlle was to go tu heailquartora. I entered 
the bullillug and luqnireJ what it meant. I 
Was handed over to the tender mercies of Mr. 
Joseph J. Byers. Tu him I put the question, 
" What Is Pegamuid ? " ▲ somewhat sorrowful 
Mulle flitted acnws Mr. Byers' face ; It seemed to 
grieve him that there should be a mortal man in 
the city uf London who was In such a state o{ 
keatheu Ignorance as to ask such a questluu. 

'Tcgamold," said Mr. Byers— " why, do you 
Dot know what I'egamuld Is ? Pegamoid Is an 
tiidustrlal earthquake." I 

Now I had met Mr. Byers before in oomiectlon 
with the Feister printing machine, which is to 
revolutionise the printing trade — with which, by 
the way, this sample paper has been printed. 
I was therefore not quite so surprised as I might 
have been. The man who is prepared to revolu- 
tionise Journalism to-day is quit* capable ol 
producing an industrial earthquake to-morrow. 
But this dark saying only added to the mystery 
which surrounded the original puzzle. So t^ 
pressed Mr. Byers more closely. 

" What industry will Pegamoid cause to 
quake i" 1 asked. 

"Pretty nearly all out of doors," said Mr. 
Byers cheerfully, as if the laying on of an earth- 
quake were as simple a matter as the chipping 
of an egg. " I can see the beginning of it, but 
the end no one can see. Pegamoid will revolu- 
tionise the paper trade, to begin with." 

" But in the name of fortune, Mr. Byers, do be 
•zpUclt and tell me what it all means ! " 

" No one can tell you what it all means," 
itpUed Mr. Byers. " I can only tell you what 
It is beginning to mean." 

" Well, teU me that, at any rate." 

■^^'hereupon Mr. Byers pulled himself together 
and said, " Ton. have seen those posters on the 
balconies ? " 

"Certainly," I repUed ; "that la why I am 

" Well," said he, " those signs have been np 
for mouths, and they are as clean and as bright 
as when they were first put np. They are 
almply ordinary cotton which has been treated 
with Pegamoid. It is the invention of a 'ill, 
Oliver, whose patent has been taken over by 
a syndicate composed of the Shaws of W^olver- 
bampton, myself, and one or two gentlemen. 
Whatever is treated with Pegamoid becomes 
waterproof and wiU stand for years, whereas if 
tt were not pegamoided it would rot In the first 
season. Pegsmoid, in short," eald Mr. Byers, 
•• is a kind of cheap immortality, by which the 
meet perishable substances are made as durable 
as brass. W'hy, Pegamoid Is proof against white 
ants, and when you have got something which 
white ants will not f-at, yon may be pretty well 
certain that you have got a pretty sure thing. 
Look at that poster," coutiuned Mr. Eyers, 
pointing to Millais' well-known picture of 
" Bubbles," which Messrs. Pears have rendered 
the most familiar of all his works. "That is 
tieated with Pegamoid and rendered rain-proof 
and imperishable. Any paper treated with 
Pegamoid becomes as hani as bone, and grows 
harder with time ; hence for all valuable picture 
posters Pegamoid is indispensable, and the 
durability which it confers upon such bills may 
well be expected to produce such improvement 
iu advertising, that our street hoardings before 
long will become veritable pivtore galleries." 

"That Is very plcu'iaiil," aaid 1. " But 1 do 
not see much of lln? quakii here." 

" Uh, the parlli<|iiaUo ulll come soon enough 
when uc cututt to llio utlior uses of I'cgamold. 
Me.virs. C. and J. li. l'ott>T, of Durweii, through 
llu'lr I.ouiiou ropicseutatlvc, Mr. John Woods — 
and a itmart man U Mr. \Voods — have been 
.Hatching the devclupnieut of this patent, and 
anor subjecting it to the most severe tests Ima- 
f;itiable, they have eutere.I iuto a contract for the 

iiLitire working iu Great Britain of pegamolde-1 
)aper. Messrs. Poller were not long in dlscover- 
iig that In pcgawuided paper they had a paper 
'which was simply unequalled for chrome 
printing. At present all papers for chromo 
printing have to be surfa-ed w llh Chiaa clay,' 
\n expensive and troublesome operation ; but 
by pcgamoldlng the paper you obtain a' 
paper with an ailmirable printing surface,- 
which is also mu:h more durable. Such papcr^ 
will neither stretch nor lift; it is flexible; 
the colour is improved, aud considerably less 
paper per ream can be use i. It takes a third 
less ink, and there is much less waste. Such Is 
the result of pra^lcal exporimeats undertaken 
by the leading lithographers of the kingdom, 
such as Slessrs. Riddle and Couchman, Alfred 
Cook of Leeds, Tayler and Co. of Birmingham." 
4' Is it dear, Mr. Byers?" 

MB. J. J. BYE.".S. 

" Xot at all. Pegamoided paper is almost as 
cheap as non-pegamoi.!ed paper. Now there 
is an earthquake for you. But that is only a 
email thing. Just imagiue what it will be when 
Pegamoid is applied to papers. For wall papers 
and ceilings, it Is the only absolutely sanitary 
and damp-proof paper iu the world. It can 
also be impregnated with camphor to a sufficient 
extent to banish all vermin from Its neighbour- 
hood. It fixes for ever all pigment, so that it 
will be possible to use all those bright colours 
which would otherwise be most poisonous. No 
matter what pattern it may have, it can be 
washed down as if it were enamel." 

" We are getting on, " said I. " When you have 
revolutionised the wall paper trade, I begin to 
«e the quake." 

" We shall also pegamoid maps," said Mr. 
Byers cheerfully. " Messrs. Stanford are de- 
lighted with Pegamoid, which piactically renders 
maps indestructible. For school maps and ships' 
charts Pegamoid is quite indispensable. But 
these are small things compared with the earth- 
quake which Pegamoid will have in the water- 
proof trade. The imliarubber mackintosh as 
we know it now is doome 1. Silk and muslin 
and linen can be pegamjidel with ease without 
losing any of their original qualities, and as 
for the police and those who have to be out 
of doors in the rain, they will all be provided 
with light pegamoided waterproofs in the 

" Do you consider wateroroofi imhealthy, Mr. 
Byera iH 

••.Mr," ui'l .Mr. Ityem, " lung bcfor* I knew 
anything alx'Ut I'l'KamoM I ha<l pateoteii a 
veiitilatur uldch rcnlprs waterproofs aa healthy 
an any other article i.f apparel. Now," aald Mr. 
'liyers, " are you ready fur another quake ? for If 
you arc, here it b! " .So saying, he turned to a 
roll of BtuiT which looked like emboMed le«tl>«r. 
tile said, " This rull of material which yon tee now 
1.1 a Hlmple Manchester cluth, coated with Pega- 
ninM and embossed in the fa.'^hiun of furniture- 
velvet. Allow me to say, as a fact, that no other 
Icather-cluth in existence can be emboeaed— 
,1'egamold In this respect being unequalled. For 
chair-covers, table-covers, ladles' and gentle- 
men's bags, dispatch cases, and articles of fancy 
gixxls where leather Is now employed. Pega- 
moid win prove an excellent substitute, seeing 
that It can be made In any shade of colour and 
embossed afterwards to any pattern. Now," 
said Mr. Byers, " I must show you what wiU 
perhaps make more stir than anything else. 
You see this collar ? " 

" Yes," said I. " It seems to be « very nlc« 
VoUar — linen, is it not ? " 

" No," sai 1 Mr. Byers, triumphantly. " A 
linen collar would have to be sent to the latmdry 
aud washed ; this collar only needs to be sponged 
when it is soiled, and becomes as clean as when 
It was new. This is simply a cotton collar pro- 
perly stitched and made up. It has, however, 
been pegamoided. The ordinary celluloid collar 
Is hard and liable to crack, and is immistakably 
celluloid. These collars are hardly to be dis- 
tinguished from linen, aud are soft, flexible, and 
easily cleaned." 

I " You will play the mischief with the laundry 
women," said I. "How many people do you 
consider you will throw out of work before you 
have finished .' " 

" Did I not tell you it was an earthquake," 
eald Mr. Byers, somewhat gleefully; " and yet I 
b:ive only begun to tell you some of the usee of 
Pegamoid. For all waterproof articles such aa 
hospital sheeting, blankets, tent canvas, show can- 
vas, driving-aprons, a wnings,yacht saUs, farmers' 
rick-covers, inside and outside window blinds, 
flagsand bunting, this sun-proof and damp-proof 
material will show itself to have no equal." 

" I wonder if you are not the wickedest maa 
In London, Mr. Byers ? " 

■ "I hope not," said Mr. Byers; "in any case 
Messrs. Ramsden and Co. are our legal advisers, 
Messrs. Carpmael and Co. are our patent agents, 
aad Mr. Alexander Gray our expert adviser. 
^Vith such an array of talent I do not think we 
can go far wrong. But why do you say wicked i " 
" Only because you seem to contemplat* with 
such a light heart the industrial upset wUch 
your invention will make throughout the land. 
How many thousands will be thrown ont of 
employment, what widespread misery and 
harfissing anxiety it will occasion in many a 
toiler's home ! " 

"Tut, tut, "said Mr. Byers. "I wonder what 
yon would have said to George Stephenson ? Yon 
would have thought that horses would have na 
show in England after Putllug Billy got under 
way. As a matter of fact every steam engine 
which is tumed out of the wdikshop necessitates 
the employment of alm(j6t as many horses as it 
has horse-power. Civilisation will never get oa 
if we are to look at things in that light. Labeor 
will readjust itself, and to cheapen prodnction b 
to increase the demand for commodities, which In 
(he long run employs more labour. No doat>t in 
the transition period there will be some hardship, 
but after a while we will shake down all right, 
you may depend. In paper and In cloth, bestdee 
many other things. Pegamoid is the latest word 
of civilisation. There are millions in it, solid 
luillions. before this seam is worked oat." 


The Daily Paper. — Advertisements. [October 4, i893. 


Few people have any idea of the extent to 
fhioh the business of providing portable milk 
/las developed in the last few years. It is, how- 
(i\er, tnie, that this very day thirty thousand 
losTSwill yield their milk twice in order to snp'ily 
«ce of the companies -nhich have sprung up 
ijnce first an American genius discovered the 
method of preparing condensed milk. It is true 
(hat this is the largest of the firms engaged In 
the business ; but the fact that a sisigle company 
works up every day the milk of thirty thousand 
cows is a notable fact in social economics. 
When, therefore, a representative called at tlie 
office of The Daily Paper, we were very glad 
to take the opportunity of asceitaining from him 
fa ti and figures concerning the gigantic enter- 
prise known as the Anglo-Swiss Condensed llilk 
Company, manufacturers of the famous " Milk- 
maid" brand. 

" I suppose," said I, "that you own the cattle 
upon a thousand hills ? " 

" Then you are mistaken, "said he, pleasantly, 
" we do not own a single cow, although we con- 
dense the milk of thirty thousand. It is not cows 
we deal in, but their milk. AVe do not own 
farms, we own factories. As the division of 
!abom- is the secret of progress, it woidd never 
io for us to go into cattle 
Ureeuing and farming. We 
buy up the milk of a whtle 
district ; we do not manage 
ihe individual cows." 

"How many factories 
have you ? " 

•' Eight. In England 
Ihree : at Aylesbury, at 
Chippenham, and at Jli.l- 
dlewich, in Cheshire. In 
Switzerland two, at Cham 
on the Lake of Zug, and 
at Guin near Fribonrg. In 
Bavaria, one near Lindau, 
whi.h is virtually Switzer- 
land ; and in the United 
States we have two, so 
that altogether we have 
eight factories constantly 
goitig summer and winter, 
although, of course, our output Is greater In 
summer than in winter." 

' " But if you do not control your cows, what 
security have you that your milk is wholesome, 
that the cows are properly fed, and that, in short, 
the milk is good enough fur your purjiose ? " 

"The best answer to these questions," said 
the representative of the makers of the " Milk- 
maid " brand, " is to give you the form of our 
contract. Yon will see that we make very 
rigorous provisions against the milk being below 
Ihe standard. Xo fanner who supplies us with 
milk is allowed to feed his cows on ensilage, on 
turnips, on brewers' grains, or on cabbage, nor 
■will we take any milk within si.xty days of 
calving, or within six days after calving. 
Every farmer from whum we obtain milk is 
cnder the control of an Inspector, who is con- 
etanUy on his rounds. The result is that, 
wherever our fa' tories are, they rai^e the whole 
eUndard of cleanliness In the neighbouring 

" How do yon buy the milk ? " 

"Always by weight. There are almost as 
many different standards of measurement as 
there are days in the week. We buy it by the 
100 lbs. in England, and by the 100 kilos in 

" But supposing they water it or skim it ? " 

"That they could not do without being 
Ute-ted. We do not analyse every farm's milk 
everyday, but we are constantly taking samples, 
« that the milk from every farm is practically 

analysed every week. The whole of the milk 

collected is sampled and analysed morning and 
evening. If there was any falling off in the 
standard we should soon detect it. We do not 
take milk at a greater distance than five miles 
from the factory, but we take almost the whole 
of the milk which Is raised within that radius. 
The farmers sell to us by preference. A\'e take 
their milk regularly and we take it all." 
" Do yon loUect the milk yourselves ? " 
"In Switzerland, yes; in England, no. In 
this country the large farmers deliver the milk 
themselves ; in Switzerland we go round and 
collect it. All the morning's milk must be con- 
densed before the evening's milk comes in, and 
the evening milk before morning. There is"no 
mixing of the two milks allowed, and in less 
than twelve hours after the milk has been 
drawn fiom the cow, it is condensed, cooled, 
and ready for tinning." 

" What process does your milk pass through ? " 
" It is refrigerated as soon as it is drawn from 
the cow. On reaching the factory it Is heated 
to boiling point, and the best crystallised refined 
sugar is added in the correct proportion. Then 
the milk is condensed at a low temperature in a 
vacuum-pan. After being reduced to the proper 



consistency it is drawn off into can?, in whih 
it is slowly cooled, the milk being stirred by 
a very simple but ingenious mechanical arrange- 
ment during the whole time of cooling. ^I*.er 
it is thoroughly cooled it is tinned and ready 
for the market." 

"What is the average daily output of 
your factories? " 

" Altogether about 3000 cases, each containing 
48 one-pound cans. There is one pound of con- 
densed milk in every tin, and the tin itself 
weighs about 2} ounces. Our total output is close 
upon 50 million one-pound tins per annum." 

" At that rate, "said I, "your tins must cost yon 
a lot of money ? " 

"Rather," said my visitor. "We make our 
own tl'.is, and by doing business on a large s ale 
are able to produce the tins ready for the milk at 
a very low cost ; but nevertheless it costs us 
£70,009 a-year for tins alone, and we tise up 
every year some 4,000 tons of tin-plate." 

" What is the price of your tin of condensed 

" We sell the ' Milkmaid ' Swiss at sixpence, 
the 'Milkmaid' English at fivepence half- 

" Is the Swiss milk better than the English 
that you clap on a halfpenny more ? " • 

" By no means. The English and Swiss 
millcs, when condensed, are so nearly identical 
that tlic best expert in our establishment cannot 
tell tbe difference, excepting by the label : but 
the absurd prejudice which English people have 

against their own milk Is encb, that they 
willingly pay a halfpenny more for Swiss 
milk than for that which is produced in their 
own country." 

"IsT; there any reasonable ground for this 
prejudice ? " 

"None whatever. The English ' Milk-maid ' 
is quite as good as the}Swiss, and ,the prepa- 
ration is identical. The only difference is that 
we have to bring the Swiss milk overi^here, and 
we charge a halfpenny extra to cover the car- 
riage. Outside England, however, there is no 
Buch prejudice. In South Africa and other 
Colonies, where we do a large business, 
tbey -would not dream of paying an extra 
halfpenny for Swiss milk It is a prejudice whi^h 
survives from the time when our ' Milkmaid' 
Swiss milk was the only condensed milk on the 
European market. Xow It is absolutely w ith- 
out any reasonable foundation. Some people 
imagine that Swiss condensed milk is prepared 
from goats' milk. This Is net the case. It it 
safe to say that not a single quart of goats' 
milk has ever been condensed, either in Switzer- 
land or elsewhere." 

" AVhat Is the chief enemy of the condensed 
milk trade?" 

" Cut-throat competitioi. 
carried on by people who 
sell as condensed milk a 
miserable decoction of 
skimmed milk and sugar. 
1 think that -the Tress 
might well come to our 
help in this matter." 

" In what way ? " I in- 

" By getting a brief Act 
of Parliament passed com- 
pelling the manufacturers 
who make condensed milk 
out of skimmed milk tc 
label the same conspicu- 

k " But cannot people b« 
prorecuted now for doing 


"Prosecutions have 
taken place, but the law at present is nn- 
ceitain. They take the precaution of pnnMr.g 
In small type oomewhere upon the tin the 
fact that before the milk was condensed '« 
portion' of the cream was abstracted. This 
• portion ' Is often more than 90 per cent. 
There is hardly a medical man of eminence in 
England who has not signed a memorial calling 
upon the President of the Local Goveniment 
Board to introduce a Bill compelling the manu- 
facturers of this skimmed milk al^omination tc 
label it conspicuously as skimmed milk. W't 
ha\e no objection in the world to fair com- 
petition, and we will put our milk upon the 
market anywhere without fear of rivals, but it is 
not fair to the public who, when they are buying 
this skimmed milk and sugar, imagine tliat tliey 
are getting 'genuine condensed milk. Genuire 
condensed milk such as ours is made of milk 
with not a particle of the cream removed. But 
in some of the skimmed milk compounds the 
value of the whole of the milk in a 1 lb. tin is 
not more than one halfpenny ; such at least was 
the admission of one of the vendors who was 
prosecuted recently in Wales. This unfair com- 
petition spoils the market and brings condenscl 
milk into disrepute, and iu common honesty 
these gentry ought to be compelled to lal>cl their 
tins, not as condensed milk, but as skimmed 
milk condensed, then the public would know 
what it is buying." 

" By the bj-e, " I said, as my visitor was leaving 
the oflice, " you have not told me how long the 
Anglo-Swiss 'MUk Company has been carrying 
on business." 

" It was e8tablishe<I," he replied, " In If 66, 
and thus our ' Milkmaid ' brand was the first to 
be introduced on the English market, where it 
still holds the place of honour." 


ootobeu 4, 1893.] The Daily Papkr. — Advhktishmi-nts. 35 

Edited by W. T. STEAD 

{Monthly, SIXPENCE) 


Best Magazine for Busy Men. 

surely one of the best and busiest of women, says: — 

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The Daily Paper. — Advertisements. [October 4, isos. 


An Interview with the Representative of Count Mattei. 

Dk. Drss's article in the -Veio Rtviev) on the 
Increase of cancer is very uncomfortable reading. 
The substance of it is that the healthier England 
is, the more people die of cancer; nor does 
Dr. Dunn give any hint as to how this horrible 
Increase of cancer is to be checked. As the 
regular faculty once more confesses its failure, a 
representative of The Daily Paper thought it 
well to look in at the Mattei Depot, 18 Pall 
Mall East, and hear ^what the irregular prac- 
titioners had to say on the subject. I fotmd 
Mr. Gliddon up to his eyes in business answer- 
ing inquiries respecting tlie Mattei remedies 
and superintending the dispatch to all parts of the 
English-speaking world of the familiar little 
phials and of the liquids which are so much 
abused because they are said to have an electric 
»ction. The depot in Pail Mall East is, it 
eeems, the Count's headquarters for the whole 
of the English-speaking world. It is in its small 
way quite one of the nerve centres of the English- 
speaking race. Mr Gliddon, iCount Mattel's 
representative, entered nothing loath into a 
conversation on the subject of the Increafie of 

"I do not often agree with Dr. Dunn," said 
Mr. Gliddon, ."but so far as this] question is 
concerned, I think he has 
rather understated the facts 
of the case than exaggerated 
them. Last year 20,000 
persons died of cancer in 
this country ; twenty-five 
years ago the number of 
cancer deaths was only 8000. 
The number of deaths from 
cancer has more than doubled 
in the last quarter of a cen- 

"And that increase is in 
excess of the increase of the 
population ? " 

"Yea. The deaths from 
cancer per million inhabi- 
tants in. 1866 was 385 ; it is 
now close on 700. In 1866 
the deaths from cancer were 
«Hie to every 60 other deaths ; 
in 1892 it was one death in 29." 

" That sounds very awful." 

"Yes, but even that is not the worst," said 
Mr. Gliddon. "The mo: tality among middle- 
aged women from cancer is simply appalling. 
Taking the Registrar General's statistics, one 
woman in every ten who dies between the ages 
of 45 and 65 will die of cancer. AVomen as a 
rule suffer much more from cancer than men, 
which does not seem to indicate that smoking is 
a^very great producing cause. The proportion 
Is about 7,000 males to 13,000 females." 

" How is it that so little fuss is made about 

"Cancer is not a sensational disease," said 
Mr. Glid'lon, shrugging his shoulders. " In the 
great epidemic of small-pox in 1871, 23,000 
persons were cut off, and every one from one end 
of the land to the other recognised it as a 
national scourge, but last year the number of 
deaths from cancer was within a thousand or 
two of the number of small-pox deaths on that 
occasion, and no one can say that the suflering 
from cancer is less than that from small-pox, 
but inasmuch as it operates quietly and slowly 
people take little notice of it." 

" But can nothing be done to check this 
increase ? " 

" We are doing onr best," said Mr. Gliddon, 
"»nd although we have not succeeded In pro- 

riding t remedy commensurate to the scotirge we 
have at least the consolation of knowing that we 
have done more than any one else. Occasionally 
we succeed in curing a patient, but that is nothing 
when compared with the incalcuable benefit 
which our remedies have brought in alleviating 
the pain of those who are condemned to die." 

" But by the bye, what about your test cases ? 
There; seems to be a general impression that 
they were a dead failure f " 

" Of course, " said Mr. Oliddon, " when you 
have a numerous body of influential men all over 
the country who have the strongest personal 
interests to represent it as such. But as a 
matter of fact we have great reason to be satisfied 
with the result of that experiment. We had 
five patients, and we have succeeded in retarding 
the progress of the disease in every case, and 
instead of dying in terrible agony, four of the 
five are now living in comparative comfort 
One of the patients, who died a few weeks ago, 
had had three attacks of influenza, and our 
experience both in America and here is that 
Influenza is the most fatal ally of cancer. But 
even in that case the patient to the very last 
was almost free from pain. The other four are 
all going on fairly well, and^ln some cases the 

restilts are surprising. One of the patients is 
so well that she thinks nothing of walking 
six or seven miles a day. I prefer, however, 
to say nothing more about that tmtil the test 
is complete. This, however, I will say, that no 
other treatment of cancer has produced such good 
results on the patients as those which were pro- 
duced on our test cases. Just think of %" said 
Mr. Gliddon : " 20,000 persons will die this year 
of cancer. If they are left to |be treated by the 
ordinary faculty they will die in slow torture, 
gradually rising to Intense agony, which can 
only be alleviated by opiates, which bring on a 
counterfeit of the insensibility of death. Put 
these 20,000 cases under our treatment, and even 
if we did not cure one, there would not ^be many 
who would not receive relief in the cessation from 
pain and a general improvement of their health, 
which would check the progress of the disease, 
prolong their days, and increase their happiness. 
People may call Count Mattei what they please, 
but with; the evidence before me, not only of 
these test cases, but also of innumerable other 
cases, I am obligeil to confess that wiiat he has 
done to lessen the misery of mankind entitles 
Um to a high place among public benefactors." 

"But why does the Count not give up hi* 
secret to the world ? " 

" That is a long story," said Mr.' Gliddon. 
" Each of us must act according to his own lights, 

and the Coimt believes that he can best secure 
the purity of the medicine, and therefore the 
efficacy of the remedies, by keeping it in hisonni 
hands, and placing it on the market at as low • 
rate as it can profitably be manuliactured." 

" That is all very well ; but is he not making 
a great forttme, like Holloway and others ? " 

" Xot from the bnslnese he does here cer< 
tainly," said Mr. Gliddon. " I am very glad yon 
mentioned the suliject, l>ecause it enables me to 
remind yon of the arrangement tmder which this 
depot was opened. Count Mattei, before opening 
this place, entered into an arran gement to the effect 
that all the net profit arising from the operations 
of the depot should be devoted to public ptirposes. 
At present, at the beginning of things, of course 
our expenditure has been considerable, and the 
profits cannot Iw said to be worth speaking of; 
but when the remedy has established itself more 
firmly, and people trnderstand its efficacy, not 
only In cancer, but in innimierable other diseases, 
for which the Mattei remedies can do far more 
than they can in cases of cancer, there la a 
prospect, not of a Holloway forttme, but of a 
very [substantial fond for the furtherance o' 
public objects." 
•^ An excellent Idea, and when the time comes 
for the distribution of that 
fond, I think we shall be 
able to put in claims for a 
good many deserving ol>- 

"All right," replied Mr. 
Gliddon, and then hturied 
off to speak to a gentle- 
man who had come to ask 
whether [it was true that 
stone could be dissolved by 
Coimt Mattel's Antiscro- 

" Do yon often have such 
inquiries?" I asked Mr. 
Gliddon, when he retiuiied 
from attending to his visitor. 
" Oh, yes," said he ; "it 
Is a great mistake to thiiJc 
that the Mattei reme^Iies are 
only useful in cases of can* 
cer. You would be stirprised If I showed yoa 
the number of letters I have received from 
all parts of the country, including many from 
medical men, who have derived inmaense 
benefit from] them, especially In cases of in- 
digestion ; people call all day long with some 
such question as the man who Just went away, 
and some of the cases in my daily bimdle of 
letters would both Interest and amuse yon : they 
would show, at least, that the world has not 
had its faith in the Mattei remedies altogether 
destroyed by the decision arrived at by the com- 
mittee who eat on the test cases. Personally ] 
may say that it was the evidence of results that 
convinced me. When I first had my attention 
called to the Mattei remedies it was whilst I was 
writing a series of articles on the Faith Cure, and 
I :was at first disposed to explain the results by 
what you would call psychic healing, but ex- 
perience convinced me that this was wrong. 
Since then every day confirms and deepens my 
faith in the value of the remeiiies of these 
medicines. In fact, the more patients— and it 
really does not matter a bit what they ar* 
suffering from — you can send me the better I 
shaU be pleased. 18, PaU MaU East is tb» 
address, mind." 

OoTOBKa 4. 1803.] Till- DaILY PaPHR.— ADVIiRTISliMENTS. 


The Liberator Relief Fund. 

R flational Appeal foi:* H^lp- 




'HE joyous spirit of Christraastidc was driven 
from many a home last year : all through the 
land — from north to south, from cast to west — 
'*^ mingling with the merry chimes of Yuletide 
bolls went up the bitter cry of anguish from thousands 
whom man's inhumanity to man had caused to 
mourn. The most eloquent tongue could hai-dly 
Icll, the most sympathetic nature scarce conceive, 
tiie dread results that followed the failure of the 
" Liberator " and its allied companies, with the 
aggregate loss of £7,000,000. 

For the most part, the investors were of the humbler 
grades of Society : domestic servants, labourers, and 
)neclianics had week in, week out, from year's end 
to year's end, toiled hard, and with infinite self-denial 
scraped together every jienny that tJft?y might invest 
in tlie Liberator sufficient to provide them with a 
small income when the eve of their industrious and 
thrifty lives had come, and eyes become so dim, and 
natural forces so abated, that work should be no 
longer possible. 

For hundreds of these the eve has come : an army 
of aged men and women, upon whose heads the snows 
of seventy to ninety years have fallen, have been 
brought face to face with starvation or the work- 
house: many are infirm and bedridden, some have 
])assod away since the failure, whilst others are tenants 
of the madhouse. Here and there among the victims 
we have met with every now and then some of a higher 
grade — clergymen and ministers of various denomina- 
tions, schoolmasters, governesses, and retired trades- 
lieoplo who also have been involved in the general 

What they had done nad the " Liberator Eelief 
I'und " not been started would be difficult to imagine. 
2,006 cases are recorded on the books — nearly 1,300 
of whom are widows and lone women ; 950 are over 
GO years of age, and of these 427 range from 70 to 
over 90. 

Since last Christmas about 1,600 of these people 
have been practically clothed and fed by the Fund 
hundreds of homes have been saved and hundreds of 
old hearts cheered. The Committee is now making 
jirovision for the most aged and destitute of the vic- 
tims, as fast as they can secure the means. £30,000 
1 as been thus far subscribed, but at least another 
£70,000 is required to finish the work of the Liberator- 
lielief Fund. 

Let the following two letters, received at the office 
of the Fund, plead for the hundreds of others of a 
similar character. 


whose hand is evidently not accustomed to the use of 
a pen, writes : — 

"Dear Sib, — Benevolent friends cannot assist ua any 
longer, not having tlie means to do so; therefore starva- 
tion, or the workhouse, is our doom if we don't get some 
relief. We are past work, considerino; our age (73 and 72): 
the thought of our position nearly drives us mad. It i^ 
awful, after a life-time of toil, honesty, sobriety, and 
economy, to come to want. I can't endure it much longer. 
Suicide would be preferable. I hope the ble8se<l Lord will 
forgive me getting that in my mind. I'll still hope on. 
Perhaps relief will come shortly, with the help of the 
blessed Lord. I conclude with tears." 


the sister of a late celebrated Divine, writes as 
follows : — 

Every penny of my money was in the Liberator, £1,200. 
The interest paid my rent and taxes, and with the help of 
that I was able to get my living in a small private scliooL 
I am 55 years of age, and have worked as hard as any 
woman could since I was 17. I was strainiug every nerve 
to save a little more to pull up my income to £100 a year, 
that I might cease from my labours at 60 and live at rest 
and in peace to the end. I should then have taught for 
43 years, with one enforced break at least, which was 
caused by the failure of my sight. I had then to give up 
work altogether for some time and keep my eyes covered. 
The oculist said they had been cruelly overstrained. As 
soon as possible I began to work again. Since this horrible 
failure 1 have felt like a beggar, and had to go from house 
to house to try for pupils. I do not know it' it iis possible 
to make my school pay as it is, and if not I have nowhere 
on earth to go ! No home of any kind ! ! Unfortunately 
for me this trouble, with its constant sleepless nights of 
racking anxiety has eo crushed me — some days are dragged 
tlirough in agony — my future is dark enough, I inow not 
in the least what will become of me. I can only bob out 
in the night (the only time I can allow myself the luxury 
of crying), " Oh God, I have worked so hard, aLd l<x;ke.i 
forward to my little home, with my buoks, so longingly, 
save me, oh save me from the workhouse ! ' 

Christmas, with its time-honoured and cheery 
festivities, has come round again, bringing happiness 
in its train to tens of thousands of homes. Let those 
who have enough and to spare not turn a deaf ear to 
the cry of this great class of deserving people. Let 
them remember that charity, like mercy, is twice 
blessed, inasmuch as it " blesses him that gives and 
him that takes," and, by sending a cheque to the 
Honorary Secretary, do something towards the good 
work of alleviating the misery and cheering the last 
few years of the aged victims. 

Cheques and P.O's. should be made payable to the Rev. J. STOCKWELL WATTS, and crossed City Bank. 

OFFICES : 16, Ffl^HlflCtDOrl STt^EET, E.G. 


The Daily Paper — Advertisements. [ocroBEa 4, 




Two or three months ago considerable amuse- 
ment and an immense amount of discussion was 
raised by a letter in the Dail'j Chronicle, in 
whi^h a demand was made for six first-class 


dnmfcards, in order that they might be subjected 
to treatment. The following is the description 
of the kind of drunkards wanted : — 

" I do not want any of your middling kind of 
inebriates, who are only a mild nuisance to 
themselves, and a moderate disgrace to their 
families. I want some confirmed, hopeless, 
gin-sodden dipsomaniacs, if possible the sons 
or daughters of dipsomaniacs, in whose blood 
there is the hereditary taint of the alcohol 
crave, and who have spent their lives in a 
more or less chronic state of alcoholism. I 
want half a dozen of these supreme esamplee 
of the widely prevalent mania of alcoholism. 
In order to put to a crucial test a remarkable 
discovery which an acgnaintaiice of mine 
Halmq to have made." 

The publication of this appeal led to much 
correspondence, and the writer was inundated 
with letters from all parts of the kingdom. 
Professional men, philanthropists, together with 
representatives of all sorts and conditions of men 
*nd women, wrote offering subjects for the treat- 
ment. The letters were very sad reading, each 
making a pinhole, as it were, through which 
you gained a glimpse of the dnmken section of 
the present day hell. After a great deal of con- 
sideration some half dozen cases were selected 
from those that were offered. A well-furnished 
house in a well-kno«Ti London thoroughfare 
•was hired. The dnmkards were installed 
under careful supervision, while a competent 
medical man was retained in order to super- 
intend the application ef the remedy. After 
the patients had been in a week &u inspection 
».a3 held in order to see how they were pro- 
gressing. The results so far were extraordinary. 
There were eight or nine patients in the house, 
alx>ut half women aud half men. Only one or 
two were under thirty, the rest varying from 
thirty to fifty or sixty. ' They came from all parts 
of the country. The Cbiu-ch Army had supplied 
•-le of their worst cases, aud she was kept 

In company by the worst dipsomaniac on whom 
the Salvation Army could lay its hands. An 
Incorrigible dnmkard who had been a well-to-do 
tradesman was sent up tcota Cambridge Union, 
and a solicitor, who had drunk himself out of 
bis profession into a state of helpless and 
abject inebriety, arrived in an advanced state 
of intoxication from a northern town. A couple 
of sisters who belonged to an inebriate family, 
and who drank as their parents had drtmk be- 
fore them, were two other patients, and the rest 
■were equally promising. Two patients had 
been through different gold cures. Dr. Keeley, 
it win be remembered, only claims that by his 
cure he will make the patient lose the craving 
for drink, but does not claim to make him drink- 
proof. He restores the victim to a state of indif- 
ference to liquor, but he does not render him proof 
against temptation. Hence it was not surprising 
that one of his old patients applied for treat- 
ment A patient who had gone through an- 
iother gold cure was also among the number imder 
.treatment. I had a general parade of all the 
inmates, and interviewed them one after the 
Other. Their stories were practically the same, 
[when they came in they had been drinking 
more or less continuously for years, and the 
only flavour which life had left for them was 
the taste for alcohol. Some of them had Btruggled 
manfully against it, only to succimib again and 
again. There was a sad record of lost situa- 
tions, of families broken up, of shattered lives. - 
rhey were, indeed, human wrecks, but 6trangai|| 
to say. Instead of feeling miserable, they were as 
iappy and cheerful a set of people as could be 
found anywhere. A new hope had entered into 
their Uves, and for the first time for years they 
felt that they had bruised the serpent which had 
been stinging them for so long. 

The specific with which they are treated Is a 
very powerful tonic. It is administered every 
three hours, by day and by night, the patients 
being roused to receivejt. Its effect was in 
almost all cases the same. During the first day 
there was an intense feeling of nausea and head- 
ache, followed by a shaking as of ague. During 
the first two days the patient often ruefully 
thought whether it was worth while bemg cured 
by a process which cost so much physical dis- 
comfort. After the second day, however, the 
headache and nausea disappeared, and with the 
headache disappeared also all craving for the 
drink. From that time forward they went 
on their way rejoicing, feeling that they had 
regained their appetite for food, but lost, 
to their infinite astonishment, the old crav- 
ing which had driven them again and again 
to the bottle. Before they had been under treat- 
ment for a week they were allowed to go in and 
out freely. They were not accompanied by 
keepers, nor was any restraint put upon them 
as to what they should buy or what they should 
•void buying. 

There was nothing to hinder them going to 
the first public-house and getting themselves 
drunk. But without a single exception, although 
the ctire was by no means complete, they did 
not abuse the liberty which was accorded them. 
One or two of them complained that they were 
annoyed by the smell of the drink as they 
passed the doors of the public-houses, and It was 
felt that In some streets they would be bo inowi- 
venlenced that they would have to walk down 
the middle of the road so as to escape the same 
kind of nauseating feeling experienced by a 
confirmed vegetarian when suddenly introduced 
into a butcher's shop. I questioned them one 
by one very closely as to the effect of the 
medicine. They all said that they had got back 
their appetite for food and lost thtir appetite foi 
drink. One man declared that merely to hear 

the word beer almost turned him sick. One tall 
red-nosed patient of the younger men, who had 
had a tolerably bad record in the past, gave no 
• very vi\id account of his own experience. 
He said that the first time he had gone out 
into the streets after he had be^un the treatment 
he went past Parliament Houses and mav'.e 
his way over Westminster Bridge. He was 
smoking, and was more or less absent-miudel. 
His limbs by the sheer. force of habit landed him 
at the door of his favotirite public-house close by 
the temperance depot facing Palace Yard. He 
opened the door and encountered fuU in his face 
a whiff' of wind from the tap-room. Instead cf 
exercising its usual effect and exciting his crav- 
ing for drink, he was suddenly brought to a 
standstill by a feeling of intense loathing, 
followed by so acute and violent a nausea that 
he dropped his pipe, looked roimd, and then ran 
as fast as he could to the nearest convenience, 
which he forttmately reached just in time. All 
the narratives agreed in this, that the remedy 
first caused headache and nausea, and then 
created an absolute distaste for the drink, so much 
BO tliat they felt they could not take a drop of 
alcohol in any shape or form. The treatmeut is 
still going on, and it would be absurd to dogma- 
tise upon the results achieved by an Incomplete 
experiment, but there is no doubt that so far the 

* remedy has vindicated the confidence with which 
Its.dlscoverer spoke of it. When the exjieriment 
is complete^* full report will no doubt be 

. published. " , 

— , One of the pauents amved in a state ot 

■, delirium tremens, seeing snakes all round him 
In the cab which brought him to the door. 
lAnother was almost paralysed with morphia 
'and alcohol. He had spent the two nights pre- 
vious to his admission to the house on the 
Embankment, aud was in such a state of 
filthiness that before anything could be done 
with him he had to be sent to a bath and rigged 

> out in a new suit of clothes. Those who have 
charge of the conducting of the experiment, aud 
the relations and friends of those tmder treat- 
ment, are delighted. 

The treatment is estremeiy simple. llie 
medicine needs to be taken every three hours 
for the first week, after which the doses can be 
reduced and are apt to cause headache if per- 
sisted in too long. H at any time after the cure 
is completed there should be not a desire to 
drink, but a return of the lassitude aud depression 
of spirits which drive-s men to drink or other 
Btimtilants, a timely dose of the medicine will 
prevent that mischief. Of course the mediijine 
has not a fair chance unless there is some one to 
see that it Is administered regularly in proper 
doses. And it Is also es.<«ntial to success that 
the patient should entirely abstain from alco- 
holic beverages while tmder treatment. If this 
is done there seems to be no chauce of iailuie. 


Full information respecting the cost of treat- 
ment, which Is, unfortunately, rather high, may 
be obtained from the Agent of the Drink Cure, 
1?, Pall Mall Kast. 




Three Thousand Miles on a Humbcr Safety. 

Mv boys htvsjiwt retiinied from ft bUyclft 
tour on the CouUueut, « hi. l> they took for tho 
purpose ot enjoyhig ft h^.llJay. of «*elDg forelga 
cocntrlo*. ftod of fumlUarUlug tUcmselvM with 



French ftud German. There were two of them : 
the clJost nineteen, weighing 10 stoue 7 lbs., tke 
other, Beventcen, weighing about 8 or 9 stone. 
Tbey wer« piounted upon. Humber's Jate^t 
blcyde, fitted with TorriUiou'^pneumallo tyres 
•ad Rlwards' corrugated cover. The machines 
weighed about 38 lbs.', and eaih of them carried 
some 90 lbs. of luggage. They left London by 
the Portsmouth road in the first week In May, 
ftnd, ftfler staying ft few days cycling round 
Ilaylliig Island, they sUrted for the Coutiucut, 
Tii Newhaven and Dieppe, on the 15th of May. 
Their route, which Is shown on the accompany 
iiig sketch map, covered about 3,000 miles 
There was no attempt at record-breaking or road- 
racing ; they were tr»velliug to see the country, 
»nd not merely to ride the bicycles, and they 
had such au excellent time that cycling on the 
Continent is likely to become more popular with 
Euglish youths than heretofore. 

A descriptive accouut of the tour will be 
published next spring In The Review op 
Ukviews, but this preliminary report will be 
read by all cyclists with Interest. The weather 
of this phenomenal summer was exceptionally 
favourable, although a few days were nn- 
comfoilably warm. Entering France by Dieppe, 
where, thanks to the Cycling Touring Club 
ticket, they had no difficulty about the Customs, 
they struck south through Kormandy and 
Brittftoy, and then turned to the east, riding 
over several of the famous battlefields of the 
last war. They made Orleans their head- 
quarters for nearly a fortnight, visiting the 
scenes made famous by the heroism of Jeanne 
d'Arc and the battlefields of the Franco-German 
War. From Orleans they struck northwards 
to Paris, though the Forest of Fontaineblean. 
After staying some days In Paris, they turned 
north-eastward, passing through Rheims, Sedan, 
and the battlefields which skirt the I- - inco- 
Gemian frontier. They then struck soutLv.ird, 
visiting Domremy and the other places associated 
with the youth of Jeanne d'Arc, who seems 
likely to becom'^ more and more the heroine of 
regenerated Ftunce. 

Crossing the] froiUlor and striking ftcroM 
Alsace to Strassburg, they left the French lan- 
guage l>ehltid them, and had a delightful week 
In the Black Forest, whcuce they entered 
Switzerland ftt Scbafiliausen, aud made their 
way by Zurich and Zug to Lucerne. After ft 
week's rest there they again took the road and 
made almost ft circuit of Switzerland, omitting 
the Eugadine. They traversed the whole of 
the country between Geneva, Chur and Con- 
atanc. Bicycling la Switzerland Involves ft 
good deal of walking. It took them for liT 


stance, a b^o^I steady climb of four hours to 
wheel their bicycles to the simimit of the 
Furka Pass, after which they were compensated 
by the nm down on the other side. They 
were able to ride half way over the Bnmniug 
Pass, but the Oberalp was too etlfi' for them. 
After they reached Its summit they were able to 
run tor thirty miles down hill. The tour was 
brought to ft close at Lucerne on the 2nd of 
September. The bicycles had covered close upon 
three thousand miles since they left Loudon. 

The machines were In capital order, no part ol 
the framework having shown any defect, ftnd 
the machloea tbcmselva* looked as 'good aa 
new. The qnestlon of punctures and of burst 
tyres, which U the crucial difllculty with ftU 
pneumatics, caused them little trouble. The 
machine ridden by the lighter boy, weighted up 
to about ten stone, was punctured three timM, 
and thftt ^ridden by the elder, weighted up to 
twelve stone, was punctured six tlmos. In all 
cases the punctures were confined to the back 
wheel, the front wheel escaping scot free. In no 
case did the ptmctures delay them more than 
half-an-boor, 'as the repairs were easily and 
economically effected by the lads themselves. 
In one case a sharp piece of Iron pierced the 
corrugated cover (and penetrated the tube, bat 
the cycle was ridden five miles after the iron had 
been extracted without inconvenience. The 
corrugated cover was an Immense eucceas, and 
attracted great attention wherever the cycles 
stopped. They were the first of the kind 
that had been seen In France, ftnd | they 
were very generally admired, not without 
cause, for they entirely prevent slde-sllpptag, 
and they render riding ,ln rftln and mud 
fts aafe fts in dry weftther. The corraga- 
tions also increase the purchase of the brake. 
During the whole of the ride they found no 
difficulties and no Inconveniences, with the 
exception of ftn occasionally troublesome dog, 
aud the always detestable pave by which French 
towns render their approaches almost impossible 
to cyclists. Lodging In the country Inns was 
pleasant and cheap. Cyclists who may be In doubt 
as to where to go next year may safely be 
recommended to try a trip on the Continent 
Further information. If desired, can be had on 
application to " H umber Cyclist," Rkvixw 01 
Reviews Office, Mowbray House, Korfolk 
Street, Strand. 



The Daily Paper. — Advertisements. [October 4, is 


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Cut the dotted line, and bend the cut 
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What happy recollections the above Picture recalls to those who have helped a Bride with her toilet ! 
Friends ask themselves, Has the Bride a thorough knowledge of all the duties of a household, especially of that 
€ver-recurring worry, Washing Day and Spring Cleaning ? Does she know what 

can do ? Does she know that for a few pence, without bolHng or bleaching, she can, ty using SUNLIGHT SOAP, 
have all the household linen washed at home and made to look white as snow and fresh as roses ? 

Happy is the bride who has been instructed in these matters, because it is on such simple household details 
as these that the future happiness and comfort of herself and husband must depend ! 

" I have never tasted Cocoa that I like so well."— ^"^ ^- o/Snrs«f i^S^w' ^'^ 

m' B« careful to uk for FRY'S PURE CONCENTRATED COCOA. 

Printed by Hazell, Watso», & Vinev, Ld., 5 and 6, Kirby Street, E.C. ; and Published by Horace Marshall & Son, 125, Fleet Street, E, 





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