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• • • • 





The Dandie Dinmont Terrier 





The Dandie Dinmont Terrier 

Its History and Characteristics 



Illustrated by Parlraits of Aulkttitlc Spttiinens 
0/ the Pure Breed, Drnitm and Etched by h\ Hole. A.R.S.A. 


le^-jr. ti.a.. 

^ f 



Edinburgh University Press: 
r. ami A. CONSTABLE, Printers to Her Majesty. 



%W %vibuu 





In publishing this small treatise it would almost 
seem that some apology is due, for there is an 
impression in many quarters that the history and 
characteristics of the Dandie Dinmont Terrier are 
subjects exhausted long ^o. This may be true as 
regards a few of the leading breeders whose know- 
ledge of the Pepper and Mustard race is doubtless 
extensive, but as regards those of the general public 
interested in the breed it is undoubtedly not so, for, 
notwithstanding the oceans of printer's ink which 
have been spent during the last twenty years anent 
this game little dog, there still exists much ignor- 
ance concerning the breed. Nay, worse than this : 
since the institution of Dog Shows throughout the 
length and breadth of this country a spurious type 
of Dandie has arisen, which, unless exposed, might 
in course of time have come to be considered by an- 

other generation ' who knew not Joseph' to be the 
' Simon Pure.' The Dandie Dinmont Terrier Club 
has done much towards correcting the erroneous 
ideas held by many concerning the breed, but much 
remains to be done. The object of this little work 
is to help the Club, however slightly, in its praise- 
worthy endeavour to preserve the true race of 
Peppers and Mustards. My endeavour therefore 
has been to bring together, in a collected form, 
everything that has been said or written of the 
genuine Dandie Dinmont Terrier worth recording, 
so as to focus, if possible, its history and character- 
istics, and thus to enable any one ' taking up ' the 
breed to start with some of the knowledge hitherto 
possessed only by a few breeders who have had the 
traditions of the race of Peppers and Mustards 
transmitted orally to them by an older generation. 

The treatise therefore does not claim to have 
any literary pretensions, but only to be a matter-of- 
fact and faithful record of a very interesting and 
game breed of terriers as described by the best 
authorities on the subject. 

Regarding the Illustrations, it may be explained 

that to obtain reliable and satisfactory portraits 
of the Dandie Dinmonts of a former generation 
proved much more difficult than the Author anti- 
cipated, for, where authentic portraits have been 
obtained, it was often impossible to get faithful 
copies made, photography failing as a rule to 
convey a correct idea of the original, The Illustra- 
tions given, however, drawn and etched by Mr. 
W. B. Hole, A.R.S.A., can be relied on as being 
accurate. 1 have to thank Mr. Hole much for the 
careful study he has bestowed on the subjects of 
his etchings, which will, 1 think, be found to have 
considerable interest, and to be useful when con- 
trasting old with modem authentic specimens of 
the pure breed, and also in illustrating the text. 

The Map of the ' Dandie Dinmont' country may 
also prove interesting and instructive, as showing 
the original habitat of the breed. 

In conclusion, the author has to record his most 
sincere thanks to that veteran breeder of the Dandie 
Dinmont, Mr. Francis Somner, late of West Mor- 
riston, now of Kelso, and to Mr. J. B. Richardson, 
Dumfries (also a well-known authority on Dandies), 


both of whom have given much useful information 
on the subject of this work. Thanks are also due 
to the representatives of the late Mr. Eaglesfield 
Bradshaw Smith, for kindly placing the invaluable 
Blackwoodhouse records — extending from 1841 to 
1882 — at the Author's disposal, and from which 
much interesting matter has been derived. 

Indeed, some may think possibly that Mr. E. B. 
Smith and the Blackwoodhouse kennel are too 
often referred to ; but this has simply been matter 
of necessity, for had it not been for Mr. Smith all 
authentic connection with the breeders and dogs 
of a former generation would have been lost This 
is not meant to infer that no pure-bred Dandies 
were to be found except in the Blackwoodhouse 
kennel, but that none existed outside of it which 
could to any degree approach Mr. Smith's terriers 
for authenticity or length of pedigree. 




The supposed origin of tlie Border breed of Terrier now known as the 
' Dandie Dinmont ' — ^The breed when first known confined to the 
Northumbrian Borders — ^The Border ' Muggers ' — ' Piper ' Allan 
and his dogs — Guy Mannering — ^James Davidson of Hindlee 
alias 'Dandie Dinmont of Charlxeshope ' — ^The sources firom 
which Davidson obtained his Terriers — Public attention called to 
the breed — ^The ' Davidson Writing ' — Does the pure breed still 
exist T — ^The Blackwoodhouse Records, 

The eariy breeders of the Dandie Dinmont Terrier, .... 32 


What constitutes a ' Dandie Dinmont terrier'?—' The Dandie ' con- 
^ troverdes— The 'Dandle Dinmont Terrier Club'— The 'Club' 
Standard of Excellence, 62 


The Standard of Excellence alone is not conclusive as to what is or is 
not a Dandie — Pedigree, as a proof of true breeding, and its value 
to the breeder— The outward characteristici of the pure breed 
as recognised by the old breeders, and laid down in the Stan« 
dard of the Dandie Dinmont Club, amplified, , ... 89 


The temperament of the Dandie Dinmont Terrier, and his capabilities 

as a vermin dog and as a companion, 117 




I. Pedigree of Mr. F. Soomer's Pepper Dandle Dinmont Terrier 

Dog ' Sbem/ ......... 141 

II. Pedigree of Mr. E. B. Smith's Pepper Dandie Dinmont Bitch 

•Podgy II..' 144 

III. Pedigree of Mr. £. B. Smith's Pepper Dandie Dinmont Dog 

•Dirk/ 145 

IV. Pedigree of Mr. T. F. Slater's Pepper Dandie Dinmont Dog 

'Tweedmouth/ 146 

V. Pedigree of Mr. W. E. Easten's Pepper' Dandie Dinmont 

Terrier Bitch ' Border Queen/ 147 




Head of Pepper Terrier Dog, in picture of Henry, third 

DukeofBucdeuch, painted by Gainsborough in 1770, . facing 66 

Head and Neck of ' May-day/ whelped about 1836, died 

1849, > i^ 

* Podgy il* (Mr. E. B. Smith's), whelped 1853, died 1864, • »> 82 

'Old Pepper* (Mr. P. S. Lang, Selkirk), whelped 1856, 

died 1871, „ 77 

*Shem* (Mr. J. B. Richardson, Dumfries), whelped 1870, 

died 1883, „ 102 

* TwEEDMOUTH * (Mr. T. F. Slater, Carlisle), whelped 1879, 

still alive, „ 31 

* Border Queen ' (Mr. W. E. Easten, Hull), whelped 1877, 

still alive, .......... 124 

Map of the ' Dandie Dinmont ' Country, .... Au end. 


* Firsty touching Dandies, let us consider, with some scientific 
strictness, what a Dandie specially is,^ 






The supposed origin of the Border breed of Terrier now known as 
the ' Dandie Dinmont ' — ^The breed when first known confined to 
the Northumbrian Borders — The Border 'Muggers ' — * Piper * Allan 
and his dogs — Guy Afanfuring—'^zmts Davidson of Hindlee 
alicu * Dandie Dinmont of Charlieshope ' — The sources from which 
Davidson obtained his Terriers — Public attention called to the 
breed — The * Davidson Writing * — Does the pure breed still exist ? 
— The Blackwoodhouse Records. 

The exact origin of the now historic race of 
' Peppers and Mustards/ or * Dandie Dinmont ' 
Terriers, is practically unknown, notwithstanding all 
the investigations and lively discussions which for 
many years past (particularly from 1867 to 1880) 
have been maintained, almost without intermission, 
in the leading sporting journals by those interested 
in the breed ; and it may now be safely affirmed that 
the actual origin of the race will never be definitely 


Nor indeed should this fact be matter of surprise, 
for unless it is to be affirmed that the earliest known 
specimens of the breed were a pair which Noah had 
with him in the Ark, the race of Peppers and 
Mustards must, like all other members of the great 
canine family, have been either the result of ' chance,' 
or the product of ' selection ' d la Darwin carried 
on for very many years, the law that ' like begets 
' like' doubtless ultimately occasioning the perma- 
nent fixture of the type. 

Many theories have however been from time to 
time propounded as to the origin of the race of 
terriers now called Dandie Dinmonts, the most 
generally accepted one being that of an original 
cross betwixt the old Scotch terrier (a dog now ex- 
tinct) and the rough Welsh harrier or Otter-hound, 
with a dash of pure bull-dog blood thrown in to 
give courage and tenacity of purpose, — followed by 
careful selection so as to preserve in the 'terrier' 
certain characteristics of the 'hound,' The hound 
cross, it is maintained, is clearly shown in the forma- 
tion of the teeth and ears, and in the general 
' houndy ' carriage and appearance of the ' stern ' of 
the Dandie. It is pointed out, however, with con- 
siderable force, by those who disbelieve in this 
theory, that none of these ingredients would account 
for the mixed coat and silky covering on the head 


of the pure-bred Dandle, neither old Scotch terrier, 
bull-dog, nor hound having at any rate the least 
symptom of a silky 'top-knot' Further, if this otter- 
hound and Scotch-terrier cross theory were correct, 
it would be only probable that terriers showing 
similar characteristics to the Dandie would be 
found elsewhere than in the Borders of Scotland 
and England. This not being so, however, one 
is rather led to suppose that the materials out of 
which the Pepper and Mustard race were evolved 
were peculiar, or at any rate confined, to the Border 
district. A more plausible theory (although one 
quite as speculative as the other) is that the 
Gypsies (who originally came to this country from 
the Continent) had, on their effecting, in compara- 
tively early times, a lodgment in the Borders, been 
accompanied by foreign terriers of the Dachshund 
type, and that these were crossed by them with 
the terrier of the district, viz., a dog much of the 
old-fashioned ' Yorkshire ' terrier type, — not the toy 
variety of the present day, but an active, hardy, 
bustling terrier, rather leggy and small-boned per- 
haps, with profuse silvery-blue coat, dark eyes, and 
sharp terrier face, — the cross ultimately resulting in 
the Pepper and Mustard race. Those who uphold 
the purity of the Dandie as a distinct breed, on the 
other hand, deny all cross theories, and maintain 


that the race is simply the product of long years 
of careful breeding, or selection (the native rough 
terrier being alone employed), the requirements of 
the Border Country ultimately producing a terrier 
adapted for its special work ; and to this latter 
theory I am personally disposed to incline. 

All such theories, however, being purely specula- 
tive, no real good can be served by their discussion. 
1 1 is more to the purpose to trace the breed back to 
the earliest date at which it is known to have been 
considered a distinct race of terriers, and to ascer- 
tain, if possible, with some degree of certainty, 
what its appearance and characteristics then were, 
and whether these are exhibited in the dogs of the 
present day. 

So far as I have been able to ascertain from 
conversations I have had with old breeders, and 
from the few stray references to the early history 
of the breed which are to be found in books, 
the race of terriers under consideration (for in 
its early days the breed had no specific name) 
does not seem to have been indigenous specially 
to Scotland, but to have been distinctly a Boi-der 
breed of terrier, — the race being cherished equally 
on both sides of the Cheviots. Mr. Francis 
Somner. one of the few remaining original breeders 
of the ' Dandie Dinmont," I remember, in a con- 


versation I had with him, was very clear on this 
point. 'The race of Peppers and Mustards,' he 
said, ' was not originally a Scotch terrier, but was a 
' Border breed. Where they originally came from, 
' or how they were originally bred, no one can now 
' say, but when first known to history they were con- 
' fined very much to the Coquet Water district in 
' Northumberland, and were in the possession of the 

■ Border "tinkers" and "muggers," — chiefly among 
' the Allans, Andersons, Anguses, Faas, and others, 

■ who cherished their breed of terriers much as the 
' Arabs are said to cherish their horses, their little 
' four-footed friends sharing " bed and board, bite 
* " and sup," with their masters. These terriers 

■ were apparently, one might say, placed in that wild 
' country, and designed by Nature for the extermina- 
' tion of foxes, otters, polecats, and such vermin 
' as were to be found in the district' 

One family in particular in that district was long 
famous for having the purest and gamest strain 
of terriers, viz., the Allans of Holystone, near 
Rothbury. Chief of this family was the famous 
Willie Allan, or ' Piper' Allan^ {the name he was 
better known by), who was bom at Bellingham in 
the year 1 704, and who was nominally a ' tinker,' 
but whose principal occupations seem to have been 

' Sec Mr. Robert While's leller in Dr. John Brown's Hor,r S«l>sKhir. 


playing on the bagpipes and hunting the otter. 
The Piper resided principally at Holystone or 
' Holestene ' on the Coquet Water, near Rothbury, 
Northumberland. He was a skilful fly-fisher and 
keen sportsman. ' Among his other pursuits,' 
writes Mr. Robert White to Dr. John Brown,* 'he 
' excelled especially in the hunting of otters, and 
' kept eight or ten dogs for that particular sport' 
History records that the Piper had three special 
favourites among his terriers, viz., ' Charley,' 
'Hitchem' (sometimes erroneouslycalled 'Peachem'), 
and ' Phcebe.' 

Many stories are told of the performances of the 
Piper's dogs. ' Lord Ravensworth.' says the same 
authority, ' once employed Willie to kill the otters 
' that infested his pond at Eslington Hall, which 
' he soon accomplished ; and on going away, the 
' steward, Mr. Bell, offered, in his Lordship's name, 
■ to buy "Charley" at the Piper's own price. Will 
' turned round very haughtily, and exclaimed, " By 
' "the w««j', his hale estate canna buy ' Charley'!"' 
' Hitchem,' or 'Peachem,' ' was Will's chief favourite, 
' and such confidence had he in the animal, that 
' when hunting he would at times observe. " When 
' " my ' Peachem ' (' Hitchem ') gi'es mouth " ' (that 
is, marks the otter in his holt), ' " I durst always 

' See ltor%c Sulisiciva, quoled anic. 


* " sell the otter's skin." '' On another occasion 
it is said the Duke of Northumberland offered 
a liferent lease of a small farm to the Piper in 
exchange for ' Hitchem,' 'but after deliberating 
' for a day, Allan said, " Na, na, ma Lord, keep jir 
' " ferum ; what wud a piper do wi' a ferum ?'" ' 

' He died on i8th February 1 779, aged 75 years, 
' and was buried in Rothbury churchyard."' 

The Piper was succeeded by his son James, who 
was bom at Hepple, Coquetdale, March 1 734. He 
also was a great player on the pipes, and a well- 
known ' character ' at all the Border race-meetings, 
fairs, etc. He died at Durham, November 13th, 
1810, aged 76. He in turn was survived by a 
son, who by the way sold to Mr. Francis Somner 
at Yetholm a terrier dog named ' Old Pepper,' 
the lineal descendant of his grandfather's famous 
dog 'Hitchem.' 'Old Pepper' was one of the 
great-grandsires of Mr. Somner's famous dog 
' Shem.' 

The race of terriers thus cherished by the Allans 
and others on the Borders are the earliest known 
ancestors of the breed now known as the ' Dandie 
' Dinmont' terrier. It was, in a limited way, from 
the itinerant habits of its possessors, to be found 
here and there in the Border counties in the hands 

' bee Hbtiz SHbsaroa, quoted ante. 


of the neighbouring county gentlemen, farmers, and 
sportsmen, who now and again had obtained speci- 
mens of the breed as a favour, or perhaps more 
generaMy /or a favour, from members of the Allan, 
Anderson, or other nomad families. 

The fame of the breed, however, did not extend 
beyond the immediate vicinity of the Northumbrian 
border until after 1814, in which year Sir Walter 
Scott, ' the Wizard of the North,' first published his 
well-known Border tale, Guy Mannering. 

It seems that Sir Walter, while sojourning in the 
Borders, when Sheriff of Selkirkshire, had heard of 
the renown of various of the ' Store- farmers' and 
shepherds, and their terriers, as hunters of the 
fox and otter, in the hills and dales of the then 
wild Border country, and with his usual facility, 
when writing Gjty Ma?inering, he wove into his 
romance the charming character of ' Dandie Din- 
' mont,' the burly tenant of ' Charlieshope,' with his 
inimitable race of terriers, ' Auld Pepper and Auld 
' Mustard, and Young Pepper and Young Mustard, 
' and Little Pepper and Little Mustard.' 

The original of ' Dandie Dinmont' was the late 
Mr. James Davidson, tenant of the hill-farm of 
Hindlee, in the parish of Southdean, and county of 
Roxburgh, who 'was a great fox-hunter, and his 
' breed of terriers — the pepper -and -mustard class — 



' were the best over all the country,'' — and whose 
odd manner of calling all his terriers by the generic 
names ' Pepper and Mustard,' according to their 
colour, and without further individual distinction, 
had seemingly ' tickled' Sir Walter Scott's sense of 

Public attention having thus been drawn to the 
race of terriers kept by Mr. Davidson for hunting 
the fox, badger, and otter, the breed became very 
popular and much sought after, and as ' Stonehenge ' 
stated in an article on the Dandie Dinmont terrier 
in the Fi^ld oi 5th May 1877, 'Davidson and his 
' neighbour, Mr. Somner, of West Morriston, near 
' Kelso, bred great numbers of Dandies, to meet the 
' demand created by Scott, and the breed gradually 
' spread.' 

In these early days the majority of people who 
possessed specimens of the Pepper and Mustard 
race did not pause to inquire where or how James 
Davidson became possessed of his race of terriers, 
but were satisfied to rest content with the know- 
ledge that their dogs were of ' Dandie Dinmont's' 
breed ; and it was not until these latter days of 
dog-shows and disputes, doubts and discussion, 
that inquiries came to be made as to whether the 
race of Peppers and Mustards were the actual 

' Sec Hera Suittiiva, quolcd anit. 


creation of James Davidson, or a previously existing 
Border breed which he merely had a fancy for, and 
kept for the purposes of hunting the fox and otter. 

The vast majority of the public, I dare say, were 
under the impression that the ' Dandle Dinmont' 
terrier was created by Mr. Davidson, and the result 
of various crossings of different breeds, but those 
who knew the Borders were well aware that the 
race of Peppers and Mustards was in the hands of 
others besides Mr. Davidson, and had for long been 
known to exist as a distinct race previous to his 
getting possession of the breed ; that in point of fact 
Mr. Davidson's terriers were of the same race and 
blood as those long cherished by the Allans, Ander- 
sons, and others in the Northumbrian Borders. 

What is now a matter of great importance, how- 
ever, was not thought of at all, when the information 
could have been readily obtained, and so the ques- 
tion of where Mr. Davidson procured his terriers 
presents some Uttle difficulty at this time in answer- 
ing precisely. 

According to Mr. Francis Somner, West Morris- 
ton, before mentioned, the foundation of James 
Davidson's strain of terriers came from ' Holestene' 
or Holystone, on Coquet Water, and were of the 
Allans' breed. This view is also held by Mr. Paul 
Scott, Jedburgh, another veteran breeder of the 



Dandie Dinmont terrier, who informed me that 
Ned Dunn, Whitelee (Carterbar), also procured 
his terriers from the same source. 

' Stonehenge,' in the first edition of his book 
The Dog in Health and Disease, published in 
1859 (the article on the Dandie being, I believe, 
practically the joint production of Mr. James 
Aitken, Maryfield House, Edinburgh, a veteran 
breeder of the Dandie, and Dr. Sidey of Edin- 
burgh), also states that Davidson was supposed to 
have got his dogs from the head of Coquet Water,' 
and Dr. John Brown {' Rab'), in relating the history 
of ' Our Dogs,'^ makes special mention of ' " Crab," 
' the Mugger's dog, grave, with deep-set, melancholy 
' eyes, as of a nobleman (say the Master of Ravens- 
' wood) in disguise, large-visaged, shaggy, indomi- 
' table, come of (he pure Piper Allan's breeds and 
adds that from a famous dog of the Piper's ' de- 
' scended Davidson (the original Dandie Dinmont) 
• of Hyndlee's breed, and " Crab " could count his 
' kin up to him.' 

That the Allans, and others in the Borders, 
had preserved the race of terriers for which ' the 
' Piper ' had been in his day so famous, down to the 
time of James Davidson, there can be no doubt, 


for Mr. Francis Somner, as before mentioned, 
actually purchased himself at Yetholm, from Piper 
Willie Allan's grandson (whose name was Allan, and 
who was also, like his grandfather, a basketmaker), 
the dog named ' Pepper,' which was the lineal de- 
scendant of the old Piper's famous dog ' Hitchem.' 

The following account of the origin of the Dandie 
appeared in the Field oi 7th December 1878, and, 
while amusing, has every probability of truth, as 
regards the fact, at any rate, that James Davidson 
got some of the produce of the terriers referred to 
in the letter, although, of course, it is absurd to 
allege that the whole race of Peppers and Mustards 
sprang from this union. The letter of Mr. Davison, 
besides, is of some importance as confirming the 
statement that the Border ' muggers' ' terriers were 
the real source from which sprang the ' Dandie 
Dinmont' It runs thus : — 

' Sir, I, as rather more than a sexagenarian and a 
' Border man, and one who in almost his childhood 
' took up with Dandies, can, I think, throw some 
' light on the origin of the Dandies possessed by 
' Mr. Davidson. The Border "muggers" were 
' great breeders of terriers — the Andersons on the 
• English side, and the Faas and Camells on the 
' Scotch side. In their perambulations they gene- 
■ rally met once or twice a year at Long Horsley, 



' Rochester (the ancient Bremenium of the Romans), 

■ Alwinton, or some other Border village. If they 
' could not get a badger, they got a foumart, wild- 

■ cat, or hedgehog, at which to try their dogs. The 
' trials generally ended in a general dog-fight, which 
' led to a battle-royal amongst the tribes represented. 
' This afterwards led to a big drink and exchange of 
' dogs. Jock Anderson, the head of the tribe, had a 
' red bitch, who, for badger-drawing, cat, foumart, 
• or hedgehog killing, beat all the dogs coming over 
' the Border. Geordy Faa, of Yetholm, had a wire- 
' haired dog terrier, the terror of not only all other 
' terriers in the district, but good at badger, fox, or 
' foumart. They met at Alwinton, where Willy and 
' Adam Bell (noted terrier-breeders) had brought a 

■ badger they had got hold of at Weaford, near the 
' Cheviots. Both the red bitch and other black 
' terrier drew the badger every time they were put 
"in. "Jock Anderson," says Geordy, "the dogs 
' " should be mated ; let us have a grand drink, the 
' " man first doon to lose his dog." " Done," says 
' Jock. They sent for the whisky, which never 
' paid the King's duty, to Nevison's, at the little 
' house, having agreed to pay 2s. a quart for it. 

■ Down they sat on the green, fair drinking; in 

■ eighteen hours Jock tumbled off the cart-shafts, and 
' Geordy started ofif with the dogs. They were 


' mated, and produced the first Pepper and Mus- 
' tards, which were presented by Geordy to Mr. 
' Davidson (Dandie Dinmont of Guy Mannering) ; 
' strange to say, the produce were equally the colour 
' of pepper and mustard. The last pair 1 saw of 
■ what I consider perfect Dandies were Robert 
' Donkin's, at Ingram, near Alnwick, just before I 
' left the North in 1838. I have been at shows, 
' but could never identify any Dandies shown as at 
' all like the original breed belonging to the Telfords 
' of Blind Burn, the Elliots of Cottonshope, the 
' Donkins of Ingram, and other Border farmers. I 
' am not a doggy man, but like to see all old breeds 
' kept distinct ' J. Davison." 

' Andovbr, Dk. %.' 

There seems then to be no reason to doubt that 
the terriers belonging to the Allans, Andersons, 
Faas, and others in the last century were of exactly 
the same race and blood as the terriers which 
belonged to James Davidson and others in the 
Borders in the beginning of the present century, 
and which, after the production of Gtty Mannering, 
were first called ' Peppers and Mustards' (accord- 
ing to Sir Walter Scott's nomenclature), and 
ultimately 'Dandle Dinmonts.' 

In these latter days, however, ' chapter and verse ' 

■ Seethe AW'/ufyEh December 1S78. 




must be given along with any statement of fact ; 
hence, in the discussion of the ' Dandie Dinmont ' in 
the Field, when a letter appeared in that journal's 
issue of 13th November 1869 announcing the dis- 
covery of a document alleged to be in the actual 
handwriting of the veritable J ames Davidson himself, 
containing the names of the Adam and Eve of the 
' Dandie Dinmont ' race, great was the rejoicing 
among a certain class of breeders. Men like Mr. 
Francis Somner, who knew of the breed having been 
in the hands of the Allans, and others, long before, 
and also possessed by Mr. Thomas Stevenson, 
Jedburgh, and others, coevally with Mr. Davidson, 
smiled at the notion of Davidson being thus made 
the originator or creator of the race of Peppers and 
Mustards. But such men do not trouble themselves 
much with discussions in the papers, and so the 
writing was allowed to pass for a time, and was 
pretty generally accepted by the Dandie Dinmont 
'fancy 'as authentically accounting for the origin 
of the Dandie Dinmont terrier. 

The 'discoverer' of this alleged writing was the 
Reverend J. C. Macdona of Cheadle Rectory, 
Cheshire, a gentleman well known as a J udge of dogs, 
and his name, I have no doubt whatever, made 
the document in question be much more readily 
accepted than it might otherwise have been. 



Mr. Macdona's letter was in these terms :' — 
' I have, however, in my researches into the history 
' of this breed in this neighbourhood ' [the letter is 
dated from Melrose], ' near to its early home, this 
' day been fortunate enough to meet with a docu- 
' ment in Mr. James Davidson's own handwriting, 
' to which his initial signature is attached. The 
' perusal of this paper has convinced me as to the 
' real origin of the Dandie Dinmont terrier. The 
' document bears all the marks of genuineness. The 
' writing is yellow with years. The paper is the 
' old-fashioned hand-made letter-paper, none of that 
' cream-laid note, straw or satin, so much used 
' now-a-days. // was sent by Mr. Davidson to t/te 
' late Hon. George H. Baillie of Melkrstain* and 
' runs thus ; — 

' " 1800. 

■ " Tuggin, from A. Armstrong, reddish and wiry. 

• " Tarr, reddish and wire-haired ; a bitch, 

'" Pepper, shaggy and light, Dr. Brown of Bonjed- 

' " The race of Dandies are bred from the two last. 
■"J. D.- 

Now the observation which at once occurs to 
any one reading this document as above quoted is 

' See the FiiMrX I3lh Nov. 1S69. ' The italics are mine. 



this : — The document bears the date 1 800, and the 
word ' Dandies ' occurs in it. But Guy Mannering 
was not pubHshed until 18 14, and the generic name 
' Dandies ' as applied to the Pepper and Mustard race 
of terriers was unquestionably unknown previous to 
the publication of Sir Walter Scott's novel. The 
question then comes to be, — Is the date in the 
document the date on which it was written, or is it 
meant to show the date on which Mr. Davidson 
first got his terriers .' This matter is one which, so 
far as I am aware, has not been hitherto noticed or 
discussed in any of the sporting papers or elsewhere, 
although it must have occurred to many who read 
Mr. Macdona's letter, and no public explanation of 
the apparent discrepancy has yet been made. 

So far as I am aware, no one ever attempted 
publicly to discredit the discovery, except in 1S73, 
when the Dandie was again under discussion in the 
Field. In that year, however, a very important 
statement regarding this supposed writing of David- 
son's was made in a letter to that paper by ' A 
' Border Gypsy,' who wrote :' — ' I may assume a 
' right to have my say out on this subject, being the 
' owner of the paper referred to by Mr. Macdona^ in 
' his letter of Jan. 31 ' [Mr. Macdona had again 
referred to the Davidson writing], ' who dis- 

' Seethe FuidoitCci March 1873. ' The italics ore mine. 


' covered it just " where Allan Gregor faund the 
' " tings." As this paper has on several occasions 
' been quoted as an authority, it may gratify your 
' readers to hear how it came into my possession. 

' It was obtained from Mr. Davidson by a Mr. 
' Dempster^ in those days a great Dandie fancier, 
' given by him to Mr. Scott of Newstead, and I took 
' it as a present from him, as I knew best how to 
' keep it' 

The observation which will now occur to the 
reader will be : ' Stop a moment ; there is surely 
another discrepancy regarding the document here, 
for did not Mr. Macdona, in his letter in 1 869, state 
that the writing was sent by " Mr. Davidson to 
"the Hon, George H. Baillie of Mellerstain," while 
now the owner of the paper says that "it was 
" obtained from Mr. Davidson by a Mr. Dempster," 
given by him to Mr. Scott, and then taken pos- 
session of by " A Border Gypsy " ? ' 
But further. ' A Border Gypsy ' boldly asserts 
that Mr. Macdona discovered the writing 'where 
' Allan Gregor faund the tings ;' or, in other words, 
that there was no ' discovery,' so to speak, at all ! 
The next question which arises, therefore, is : From 
whom did Mr. Macdona obtain his information in 
1869 regarding this paper ? If from its then owner, 

' The italici are mine. 





Mr. James Scott, Newstead, then from whom did 
'A Border Gypsy' get the other account of the 
writing ? There is a discrepancy here which un- 
doubtedly requires explanation. 

By the courtesy, however, of its present possessor, 
I had an opportunity lately given to me of personally 
examining this somewhat mysterious document, and 
the result of my examination has been to perplex 
me still more regarding it. 

The original writing runs thus : — 

red. & wirie 
' Tuggin from A. Armstrong 

redush & wirie skind 
■Tarr^D— Bitch D 

Shaggie & ligti ward 
' Pepper, Dr. Brown Bonjed 


' the race of Dandies are 
' bred from the two last 

•J. d; 

First, I would ask the reader to observe the date, 
which is not 1800, as given by Mr. Macdona, but 
1890 (!), or only twenty-one years post-AdX^d from 
the year of its discovery ; not to mention that the 
year i8go is at the present time only a possibility 
in futurity. I am informed, however, that the 
document was written about the year 1818, and 
that in the circumstances under which it was 


produced (after dinner), a 'slip of the pen' was a 
most probable occurrence, and an oversight of the 
mistake as to the date quite excusable at the time. 

However, be this as it may, the mistake seriously 
injures the worth of the document, even if un- 
doubtedly genuine otherwise. 

The text of the original paper, it will also be 
noticed, exhibits several material differences from 
the hitherto accepted version. For instance, from 
it it would rather seem as if 'Tarr' as well as 
' Tuggin ' had been received from ' A. Armstrong,' 
the D's with the ' dash ' after them, occurring after 
the word 'Tarr,' evidently in the original document 
standing for ' Ditto, Ditto.' But hitherto it has been 
accepted as a fact that ' Tarr ' and ' Pepper ' both 
came from ' Dr. Brown, Bonjedward '! 

I have been at considerable pains to try and, if 
possible, unravel the tangle of discrepancies with 
which this document is encompassed, but without 
success. ' A. Armstrong,' the alleged donor of 
' Tuggin,' is believed to have been Andrew Arm- 
strong, a shepherd on the farm of Wooplaw (James 
Davidson's birthplace) ; but of him and ' Tuggin " 
we do not need to inquire further, as ' Tuggin ' 
is not alleged to have had anything to do with the 
origin of the ' Dandie Dinmont ' race. Bonjedward 
is a village in Roxburghshire, in the neighbourhood 



of Jedburgh, but of ' Dr. Brown, Bonjedward,' 
I have been unable to learn anything, or to get 
any information as to his terriers; nor can I 
discover any one, even among such veteran fanciers 
as Mr. Francis Somner, Kelso, Mr. James Aitken, 
Edinburgh, Paul Scott, Jedburgh, Hugh Purves, 
Leaderfoot, etc. etc., who can give me any informa- 
tion as to Dr. Brown or his terriers. 

Besides the apparent discrepancies I have just 
alluded to, there is a final difi!iculty which I have to 
state regarding this unfortunate paper. It is this, 
and is perhaps the most important of all. The 
handwriting in the original document has puzzled 
me very much, being quite dissimilar from the 
ordinary writing of James Davidson of Hindlee, 
if I may judge from specimens of his signature 
written in the year 1817, and exhibited to me by 
his grand-nephew, Mr. Richard Davidson, Swinnie, 
near Jedburgh. Comparing these signatures (which 
were appended to a legal document) with the 
writing in the paper under discussion, there is 
the most unmistakable difference. The writing in 
the latter is bold, business4ike, and free, while Mr. 
Davidson's signatures (which were all identically 
the same in character and formation) are written in 
a cramped and unbusiness-like hand, evidencing the 
unaccustomed penman's anxiety to form correctly 


every letter, — in short, just such an unpractised 
hand as one would naturally have expected 
' Dandie Dinmont ' to have written. Now 1 think 
it is fair to presume that Mr. Davidson could write 
his own name in as bold and free a hand at least as 
any other of his writing, yet if we are to accept this 
paper anent the origin of Dandies as authentic, we 
must believe that at the same period at which it 
was written, James Davidson, while writing it in this 
bold free hand, could only with some difficulty sign 
his own name ! Had the document in question 
been written in the cramped hand, and the sig- 
natures to the legal paper been written in a bold 
free hand, the circumstances under which the former 
was written might have been referred to by way of 
explanation of the discrepancy. The case, however, 
is vice versa, and therefore hard to understand. 

The initials ' J. D.' are written in a some- 
what different hand from the writing in the 
body of the paper, but yet they too are totally 
unUke these initial letters as appearing in Mr. 
Davidson's signatures before alluded to. 

Thus, before this document can be admitted to be 
authentic, the following points require to be cleared 

1. The discrepancies between the statements 
made respectively by Mr. Macdona and ' A Border 



' Gypsy " in the Field regarding its origin and 

2. Its true date, and the interpretation of the date 
it actually bears. 

3. An explanation of the occurrence in the docu- 
ment of the word ' Dandies,' bearing in mind that 
Guy Mannering was first published in the year 
1 8 14, and that Mr. Davidson died in the commence- 
ment of the year 1820, and that between these dates 
his race of terriers was generically called ' Peppers 
' and Mustards.' 

4. Theidentificationof ' Dr. Brown, Bonjedward,' 
and his breed of terriers. 

5. Proof that the writing in the original document 
is the handwriting of James Davidson of Hindlee, 
or at least that the initials ' J. D.' were appended by 
him to the document. 

As in the case of the account of the origin 
of the Dandie Dinmont given by Mr. Davison 
already referred to, the theory originated by this 
alleged writing of James Davidson of Hindlee, viz., 
that the whole race of ' Peppers and Mustards,' or 
' Dandie Dinmonts,' sprang from one pair of 
terriers — ' Tarr' and ' Pepper ' — is manifestly absurd, 
for, as was well pointed out by ' Corsincon ' in an 
article on the breed in the CourUry of 1st June 
1878, ' Pepper and Tarr must have had relations,' 



brothers and sisters and cousins, and uncles and 
aunts, who were as much entitled, so far as breed- 
ing and appearance were concerned, to be called 
' Dandie Dinmonts,' and to be bred from as such, 
as those bred by Mr. Davidson. Besides, as I have 
shown, the Pepper and Mustard race were in the 
hands of the Allans and others long before as well 
as at the same period at which they were in James 
Davidson's possession. 

Further, Mr. Robert White states that 'the 
' mother of the far-famed Peppers and Mustards was 
' a (^ri-coloured, rough-haired bitch of the name 
' of " Tar," ' ' — and not reddisk-zcAoxxT^A, as stated 
in the writing. 

With all these considerations before me, and in 
the absence of any satisfactory explanation on the 
points before alluded to, 1 think this alleged writing 
of James Davidson is unworthy of serious con- 
sideration, — because even if it were properly 
authenticated it would not account at all for the 
origin of ' Dr. Brown's ' terriers, far less for the 
whole race of Peppers and Mustards. I here there- 
fore dismiss this document, with the explanation that 
it has only been referred to by me at such length 
from its having been so often quoted by other 
writers on the Dandie Dinmont as accounting for 

' Sec Hara Substciva, quoted anu. 



the origin of that breed of terrier, whereas, as 1 
have shown, the Pepper and Mustard race were in 
existence long before the period the paper can 
possibly refer to. 

In the Field of 30th January 1869 there had, 
previously to the publication of the alleged ' David- 
' son Writing,' appeared an article by ' A Border 
■ Sportsman ' which gave an interesting enough 
' Historical Account of the origin, progress, and 
' decline of the Pepper and Mustard Terrier.' From 
the allusion in this article to the mysterious ' Dr. 
' Brown, Bonjedward,' I think we may safely assume 
that 'A Border Sportsman' was Mr. James Scott, 
Newstead {or at least some one drawing his in- 
formation from him), for his account of how 
James Davidson first became possessed of his 
famous race of terriers is evidently based on the 
' Davidson Writing,' which at that time was 
' undiscovered,' as far as the public were con- 
cerned, although presumably in the hands of 
Mr. Scott. I here quote from ' A Border Sports- 
' man's ' article, however, only for the purpose of 
showing that Mr. James Scott, whose knowledge of 
the Dandie was undoubtedly extensive, practically 
admitted in that article that the race of Peppers 
and Mustards existed at the period when Mr. 
Davidson first got his terriers, as a distinct breed in 


Coqucidaie, and that consequently he did not create 
that race of terrier, but merely perpetuated an 
existing breed. It follows therefore that terriers 
descended from Davidson's breed would not 
necessarily differ from the terriers of other breeders, 
except in so far as his peculiar principles of 
selection in breeding might differ from those of 
other breeders, thus gradually tending to establish 
a more or less distinct type of his own. 

When I come to discuss, however, the character- 
istics of the Dandie Dinmont terrier, I shall show 
that all the old breeders adhered to the same 
original type, and bred on the old lines, besides 
taking care to preserve the old blood, 

' A Border Sportsman ' ' then states that ' in the 
' year 1800 Andrew Armstrong presented the 
' young sportsman, James Davidson, with a fox- 
' hound, and a terrier, named Tuggin, and shortly 
' after he received from a Dr. Brown, Bonjedward, 
' the famous bitch " Tar" (mentioned by Dr. John 
' Brown in Horn Subsecivs), and a dog named 
' Pepper. Tuggin was of the breed common in 
' that wild country — a dog that could make his way 
' anywhere ; a compact, tallish terrier, red ochre 
' in colour, with wiry hair. 

' It is not, however, of him that I have to write, 

' Seethe /^(/ of 30th JunuaiT 1S69. 



' but of the other two terriers, Tar and Pepper. 
' These were both very small, and very short in the 
' leg, with long bodies, large and long heads, ears large 
' and pendent, like a hound's or beagle's, but a little 
' more pointed in the lower end. Tar was reddish 
' ochre in colour, with rough wiry hair ; Pepper was 
' quite shaggy in coat, and of a creamy ochre colour. 

' About this time young Mr. Davidson got the 
' farm of Hindlee, on the Rule Water, on the 
' estate of Lord Douglas ; and soon after this a Mr. 
' Stephenson, the tenant in Plenderleigh, procured 
''for him another 0/ those small terriers. It was no 
' relation to • those he already had, being from Roth- 
' duty, on the Coquet Water, where that peculiar 
' SMALL BREED WAS TO BE FOUND in the greatest per- 
' fection, and bred by the Allans^ Andersons, and 
' Anguses. This Rothbury specimen was very dark 
' in colour and very rough in coat. The descendants 
' of these three form the first of the Pepper-and- 
' Mustard or Dandie Dinmont race of terriers. . . . 

' The true breed was quickly spread among Mr. 
' Davidson's friends and brother sportsmen, — the 
■ Davidsons of Swinnie, the Telfers of BUndbum, 
* Lilicoes of Jedwater, Bells of Hundalee Mill, and 
' Ned Dunn of Whitelea But next to Dandle 
' Dinmont himself for keeping up and distributing 


' the pure race at an early period of its history 
' were the Hon. G. H. Baillie of Jerviswoode and 
' Mellerstain, and Mr. Home of Carrolside. . . .' 

Whether Davidson's terriers were procured by 
him from this particular person or that, is, how- 
ever, not of much moment, provided it is clearly 
understood that they were no new breed, but 
belonged to a race long before his time known and 
valued as a pure breed of terriers on the Borders. 

Since James Davidson's time the breed of 
' Dandie Dinmont' terrier has, carefully and con- 
tinuously down to the present time, been preserved 
pure and untainted by a few admirers of the breed, 
and to whose kennels all the pure-bred * Dandies ' 
of to-day trace back. 

That pure-bred Dandies exist now-a-days has 
been, however, denied by some, but there is not a 
shadow of a doubt that there are still many of the 
true breed in existence. 

In 1869 ^is question was put to James Scott 
of Newstead : — Did he consider or believe that 
there was a pure-bred ' Dandie ' in existence ? 
His emphatic answer was,* ' Most decidedly I do. 

* I believe that Mr. Robson, Mr. Dodd, etc, have 
' them in the vicinity of the Redswire, as also 

* others ; that Mr. Aitken, Mr. Bradshaw Smith, 
' Mr. Milne all have them, and many others ; I 

* See the /irA/of 4th December 1869. 


' even believe that Mr. Mosse and Mr. Macdona 
' are in possession of pure Dandies. Let us re- 
' member what numbers of the very purest went to 
' England in presents ; the number of pure, mingled 
' among the mongrels, sent to London alone by the 
' dog-dealers ; to these I am sorry to add the great 
' numbers sent to London, etc., Edinburgh, Glasgow, 
' etc., by the dog-lifters, altos steiders. If a judicious 
' care had been taken, the purest breeds should 
' have been in abundance in England, Scotland, 
' and even in Ireland.' 

Whatever may have happened to the great 
numbers of the pure breed originally sent here and 
there throughout this country, there is no doubt 
whatever but that, so far as concerned the kennels of 
Mr. Francis Somner, West Morriston, James Kerss, 
Bowhill, old John Stoddart, Selkirk, Mr. M'Dougal, 
Cessford, Mr. Frain, Trows, Mr. James Scott, 
Newstead, Mr. Milne of Faldonside, Mr. E. 
Bradshaw Smith of Blackwoodhouse, and perhaps 
one or two others, the breed of Dandies was main- 
tained in all its purity, and through them has been 
handed down to the present time untainted. 

To prove this statement promised at one time to 
be somewhat difficult, as, while the fact is notorious 
that ' all the most celebrated breeders strongly 
' maintain that they have kept to the lineal de- 
' scendants of the original "Pepper" and "Mustard" 


' immortalised by Scott," these breeders, for obvious 
reasons, have not cared during their lives to make 
the pedigrees of their dogs public property, and at 
their deaths seldom leave their stud memoranda in 
such a state as to be followed or understood by 
others. The papers left by the late Mr. E. 
Bradsbaw Smith of Blackwoodhouse, however, are 
fortunately 'the exception which proves the rule,' 
and in them are to be found ample evidence of the 
correctness of the statement. 

In the Appendix will be found certain pedigrees of 
Dandies taken from the Blackwoodhouse Records, 
which are sufficient to show, so far as this can be 
done in such a work as this, that at the present time 
there are terriers in existence whose pedigrees trace 
back in direct line, ' on both sides of the house,' to 
the Hindlee Peppers and Mustards. The pedi- 
grees in the Blackwoodhouse Records have been 
drawn on to prove the continuity of the pure race, 
not only on account of the fact that this kennel 
existed continuously in the possession of the late 
Mr. E. B. Smith for nearly half a century, but also 
from the stud records left by Mr. Smith being so 
complete and unimpeachable, his notes having been 
made from day to day throughout this long period. 

' See ' StoneheDge's ' anicle on the Dandie Diomotit terrier io the FitlJ 
or5lh May 1S77. 


In giving these pedigrees I would close the more 
strictly historical part of my subject, explaining that 
it must be distinctly understood that I have pur- 
posely refrained from attempting more than to trace 
the history of the race of Dandie Dinmonts from 
the earliest known period down to comparatively 
recent times, and to show that the pure race was in 
the hands at any rate of one breeder whose kennel 
was only dispersed in 1882. 1 have, however, 
thought it right to add to the Appendix the pedi- 
grees of two modern prize-winning Dandies (whose 
portraits are also given), to show that dogs having 
authentic pedigrees can, and do, win prizes at our 
dog-shows, — which proves the gratifying fact that 
the old and true type is once more being re- 
cognised and appreciated. ' Tweedmouth ' and 
' Border Queen ' have been selected for this purpose, 
not from any wish to extol them in any way, but 
simply from the fact that they are both well known 
to the public, and are good specimens of their race. 

More might have been perhaps done in the way 
of quoting authentic pedigrees, but it is enough if 
the continuity of the pure breed of Dandie Dinmont 
terriers has been shown to be unbroken, in even 
the case of one kennel {Mr. Smith's), from the time 
of James Davidson of Hindlee to the present time. 



The early breeders of the DandEe Dinmant Terrier. 

In the preceding chapter I h^e endeavoured to 
trace the history of the Pepper and Mustard race 
from the earliest known times down to the present, 
showing that long before the advent of ' Dandie 
Dinmont of Charlieshope ' the breed was established 
and well known on the Borders, although it was not 
until after the publication of Guy Matmering that it 
received the generic name ' Pepper and Mustard ' — 
aftePivards changed to ' Dandie Dinmont ' — became 
famous, and so better known and more widely 
distributed than it had been formerly. 

Whenever the ' rage' for these terriers, however, 
had thus set in, they were bred to an extent before 
unknown on the Scottish Borders, by many persons 
besides Mr. Davidson, namely, neighbouring country 
gentlemen, sportsmen, farmers, gamekeepers, etc. 
Accordingly it seems proper that I should here give 
a list of the more prominent early breeders of the 
pure race of Pepper and Mustard terrier, the names 
being as far as possible chronologically arranged. 



First and foremost, of course, comes Mr. James 
Davidson, Hindlee, alias ' Dandie Dinmont of 
Charlieshope ; ' while after him come Messrs. David 
and Arthur Kyle, Braidlee ; Mr. Taylor, Whitelee ; 
Ned Dunn, Whitelee (Carterbar) ; the Duke of 
Buccleuch ; the Duke of Northumberland ; the 
Duke of Roxburghe, the Hon. George Hamilton 
Baillie of Mellerstain and Jerviswoode ; Sir Walter 
Scott of Abbotsford. Bart; Lord Polwarth ; the 
Marquis of Tweeddale ; Mr. Thomas Stevenson, 
Jedburgh ; Mr. Francis Somner, West Morriston, 
near Earlston ; Hugh Purves, Leaderfoot ; Mr. Wm. 
Reid, Jedburgh; R. Pringle, Esq. of The Haining ; 
Mrs. Douglas, Old Melrose ; John Stoddart, 
Selkirk; Mr. D. M'Dougal, Cessford ; Mr. W. 
Frain, Trows; Home of Carolside; the Davidsons 
— Swinnie, Wooplaw, and Arks {relatives of 
'Dandie Dinmont'); Telfers, Blindburn ; Lilicoes, 
Jedwater ; Bells, Hundalee Mill ; Henry Dodds, 
Jedburgh; Armstrongs, near the Redswire; 
Walter Ronaldson, Darnick ; T. Simpson, Esq., 
Blainslie ; James Kerss, gamekeeper at Bowhill ; 
Wm, Scott, Teviotbank ; Scott, Wauchope ; Wm. 
Johnstone, Lilliesleaf ; John Lauder, Bemerside ; 
Sir George H. S. Douglas of Springwood Park, 
Bart.; W. Broadwith, Longnewton; Mr. James 
Scott, Newstead ; Mr. James Aitken, Maryfield 


House near Edinburgh ; Nicol Milne, Esq. of Fal- 
donside; John Stewart Lyon, Esq. of Kirkmichael ; 
Makdcugal Brisbane, Esq. of Makerston ; Dr. 
William Brown, Melrose; Dr. John Brown (' Rab'), 
Edinburgh; Mr. Lang, Selkirk; Dr. Grant, Hawick; 
and last, but not least, E. Bradshaw Smith, Esq. of 
Blackwoodhouse, near Ecclefechan, Dumfriesshire. 
Besides these there were of course many others 
of lesser note, on both sides of the Border, who 
owned and bred the pure ' Pepper and Mustard.' 
Of those named, however, I may perhaps briefly 
notice more particularly the more prominent. 

James Davidson, Hindlee. 

I have already in the preceding chapter mentioned 
the sources from which Mr. Davidson derived his 
race of terriers, but it may be interesting that 
there should here be given some account of himself, 
and how he came to be made the prototype of 
' Dandle Dinmont of Charlieshope,' by Sir Walter 
Scott, in Guy Mannering. 

Sir Walter tells us ' that the character of ' Dandie 
' Dinmont ' was drawn from no individual in par- 
ticular. 'A dozen at least of stout Liddesdale 
' yeomen with whom he has been acquainted, and 
■ whose hospitality he has shared in his rambles 

' See note to chtpler ixiv. of Guy Manntring. Culell and Co., Edin- 



' through that wild country ' (the Border hills), ' at a 
' time when it was totally inaccessible save in the 
' manner described in the text, might lay claim to 
' be the prototype of the rough but faithful, hos- 
' pitable and generous farmer. But one circum- 
' stance occasioned the name to be fixed upon a 
' most respectable individual of this class, now no 
■ more. Mr. James Davidson of Hindlee, a tenant 
' of Lord Douglas, besides the points of blunt 
' honesty, personal strength, and hardihood, de- 
' signed to be expressed in the character of Dandie 
' Dinmont, had the humour of naming a celebrated 
' race of terriers which he possessed by the generic 
' names of Mustard and Pepper {according as their 
' colour was yellow or greyish black), without any 
' other individual distinction, except as according 
' to the nomenclature in the text. Mr. Davidson 
• resided at Hindlee, a wild farm on the very edge 
■of the Teviotdale mountains' (parish of South- 
dean, and county of Roxburgh), ' and bordering 
' close on Liddesdale, where the rivers and brooks 
' divide as they take their course to the eastern 
' and western seas. His passion for the chase, in 
' all its forms, but especially for fox-hunting, as 
' followed in the fashion described in the twenty- 
' fourth chapter' (of Guy Mannering), 'in con- 
' ducting which he was skilful beyond most men in 


' the South Highlands, was the distinguishing point 
' in his character.' James Davidson above referred 
to was born at the farm of Wooplaw, on the north 
side of the Redswire, towards the end of last 
century. When still a young man he became 
tenant of the farm of Hindlee above mentioned, 
where he remained until within a year or two of 
his death, which occurred in 1820. 

Sir Walter Scott further tells us that ' when the 
' tale' (Guy Mannering) 'on which these comments 
' are written became rather popular, the name of 
' Dandie Dinmont was generally given to him, 
' which Mr. Davidson received with great good- 
' humour, only saying, while he distinguished the 

* author by the name applied to him in the country, 
' where his own is so common, — " that the Sheriff 
' "had not written about him mair than about other 
' "folk, but only aboot his dogs." An English lady 
' of high rank and fashion, being desirous to possess 
' a brace of the celebrated Mustard and Pepper 
' terriers, expressed her wishes in a letter, which 
' was literally addressed to Dandie Dinmont, under 
' which very general direction it reached Mr. 

* Davidson, who was justly proud of the application, 
' and failed not to comply with a request which did 
' him and his favourite attendants so much honour.'' 

' See nole to Guy Manturing, quoled ante. 



In a letter ' addressed from Abbotsford in April 
1816, Sir Walter describes his first introduction to 
'Dandie DJnmont' in the following amusing manner: 
— ' I have been at the Spring Circuit, which made 
' me late in receiving your letter, and there I was 
' introduced to a man whom I never saw in my life 
' before, namely, the proprietor of alt the Pepper 
' and Mustard family, in other words, the genuine 
' Dandie Dinmont. Dandie is himself modest, and 
' says " he b'lives it's only the dougs that is in the 
' " buik, and no himseV." As the surveyor of taxes 
' was going his ominous rounds past Hyndlee, 
' which is the abode of Dandie, his whole pack 
' rushed out upon the man of execution, and Dandie 
' followed them {conscious that their number greatly 
' exceeded his return), exclaiming. " The tae hauf 
' "o'them is but whalps, man!" In truth, I knew 
' nothing of the man, except his odd humour of 

• having only two names for twenty dogs. But 
' there are lines of general resemblance among all 
' these hillmen, which there is no missing ; and 
' Jamie Davidson of Hyndlee certainly looks Dandie 
' Dinmont remarkably well. He is much flattered 
' with the compliment, and goes uniformly by the 
' name among his comrades, but has never read 

• the book. Ailie used to read it to him, but it 

' Ste Lockhan's Life of Scoll. vol. '\i, p. 3. 


* set him to sleep. All this you will think funny 
' enough.' 

In hunting, we are told by Mr. Dixon in Field 
and Fern^ Mr. Davidson 'did not care for a pack 
' of dogs, and with a shepherd or two to help him, 
' two hounds, and the terrier bitches Tug and Tar, 
' he was about a match for any Liddesdale fox. Be 
' it foulmart, cat, or even a collie dog, he had a turn 
' at it. He always went over to Abbotsford, and 
' met Hogg, Laidlaw, Captain Clutterbuck, etc., 

■ at the annual coursing meeting, when Sir Walter, 
' with Maida at his feet, watched from a hill the 
' doings of what the latter evidently considered an 
' inferior race. It was a merry night at Selkirk, 

■ and the Club mull went round with Sir Walter's 
' own inscription, " May the Foresters never want a 
' " friend at a pinch." Tom Potts, than whom there 
' was no hunting shepherd of " stronger bone and 
'"firmer pith," always said that Dandle "never 
' " hunted with the same glee after he brought the 
'"wife hame." Still, he kept Nimrod, a cross 
' between a greyhound and a fox-hound, to the 
' last ; and he rose from a sick -chamber, mounted 
' " Dimple," and, with Nimrod at his heels, obeyed 
' the summons to see a bagman from Deadwater 

> Fidi and Ftm. or ScoUuk Flecks ant/ Htrdi \.Si-uth\, \,y H. II. Diton, 
156$. Rogervm and Tiufoid, MarkLant Ejsprtss Office, ufi Slraod, London. 



' Fell turned out for him at Bummouth. This was 
' in the year '19.' 

A year or two before the expiry of his lease of 
Hindlee, Mr, Davidson, who had fallen into bad 
health, retired from farming and Hindlee. He 
died on 2d January 1820, survived by a widow, 
two sons, and a daughter, the last of whom, I 
understand, alone now (1S85) survives. 

' Dandie Dinmont died,' a friend writes to Sir 
Walter Scott,' 'on the first Sabbath of the year 
' (1820): an apoplectic stroke deprived him in an 
' instant of all sensation, but happily his brother 
' was at his bedside, for he had detained him 
' from the meeting-house that day to be near him, 
' although he felt himself not much worse than 
' usual. So you have got the last little Mustard 
' that the hand of Dandie Dinmont bestowed. 

' His ruling passion was strong even on the eve 
' of death. Mr. Baillie's fox-hounds had started a 
' fox opposite to his window a few weeks ago, and 
' as soon as he heard the sound of the dogs his eyes 
' glistened ; he insisted on getting out of bed, and 
' with much difficulty got to the window, and there 
' enjoyed the fun, as he called it. When I came 
'down to ask for him, he said "he had seen 
' " Reynard, but had not seen his death. If it had 

' See note to Cvy ManHeriiig. Cadell and Co., Edinbargh, 1S19. 



" been the will of Providence," he added, " I would 
" have liked to have been after him ; but I am glad 
" that I got to the window, and am thankful for 
" what I saw, for it has done me a great deal of 
" good." ' 

It is not surprising that the Pepper and Mustard 
race have acquired a fame which, I venture to think, 
no other breed of dogs can equal, for the immortal 
genius of Sir Walter Scott has not only pictured 
to us in a way peculiarly his own the charming 
character of the honest, sturdy, kindly ' Dandie 
Dinmont,' but has invested his race of terriers with 
a double interest; and we should love the breed 
even for its old master's sake, apart altogether from 
its own intrinsic worth, as one of the best and 
gamest terriers in existence. 

The Kyles, Braidlee. 

After James Davidson, Hindlee, perhaps David 
and Arthur Kyle, Braidlee, had greater names as 
fox-hunters among the Cheviot Hills than any one 
else. Mr. Dixon, in his interesting work. Field 
and Fern^ thus alludes to the brothers : — ' David 
' Kyle of Broad Lee, beloved of Lord John Scott, 
'could not be called, Uke Scott of Singlee, "a 

' FifM and Ffi-H. sr Scottish fleiks and Htrds, by H, II. DUon. 


* " singular grand divine among sheep," but he was 
' quite a shepherd's friend in his line, and though 
' he might be led at first in the hunt, no shepherd 
' could live with him till the close of day. He would 
' not keep a shepherd who could not hunt, and his 
' brother Arthur was nearly as keen. Kyle once 
' ran against Routledge, laird of Tlie Flatt, at 
' Christenbury Creggs, near Newcastleton. He 
' never met a better man, according to his own con- 
' fession, but Routledge thought himself as good, 
'"bar louping the hags." Davie had no great 
' hound language, but he loved to have all the dogs 
' around him when he had a dram, and then he was 
' highly colloquial both with them and his friends. 
' He lived at the head of Hermitage Water, and as 
' a stock farmer he had one peculiarity — his tups 
' must all be homed. Liddesdale and Teviothead 
■ were the cream of his country, and from New Year's 
' Day till April he would be there with a dozen or 
' fifteen shepherds at sunrise, each provided with a 
' pocket-pistol and a lump of bread and cheese. 

' Old Kyle was a good wrestler and fighter for 
' his inches. In eariy days he was entered to hare, 
' but he changed to fox after thirty, and killed nearly 
' 800 brace in his fifty years. Cauldcleuch and 
' North Tyne furnished some of his best foxes. 
' which were all of the greyhound breed, and took a 


' world of catching. He always knew them again, 
' or said he did, and spoke of them confidentially as 
' old acquaintances. The drag was generally hit off 
' from certain syke-heads, and when the foxes did 
'go to ground they were always "spaded" and 
' never smoked. Bolting them for " an afternoon 
' " fox " was not the custom of the hunt. His terriers 
' were of the Dandle Dinmont breed, and latterly, 
' as the neighbours said, he looked like a terrier 
' himself.' David Kyle died in 1861. 

The Duke of Buccleuch. 
The late Walter Francis, Duke of Buccleuch and 
Queensberry, K.G., was in his earlier days a 
keen fancier of the Dandle Dinmont terrier. His 
Grace's brother, Lord John Scott, also took a great 
interest in the breed, and the kennels at BowhiU 
contained therefore for a long period some of the 
choicest specimens of the Pepper and Mustard race. 
Duke Henry, third Duke of Buccleuch, and grand- 
father of the late Duke, had been in his day also 
famous for his terriers, which were of the old Border 
breed from which have sprung, as I believe, the 
Dandle Dinmont. An etching of the head of one 
of these terriers, from a picture painted in 1770, is 
given at p. 66. The chief sources from which 
the BowhiU kennel was supplied in the time of the 




late Duke were: — ^James Davidson, Hindlee, Sir 
Walter Scott, and old John Stoddart of Selkirk. 
James Kerss,* of Dandie Dinmont fame, succeeded 
Fletcher as gamekeeper at Bowhill at Whitsunday 
1834, and for many years afterwards he maintained 
the breed with great care at Bowhill. For some 
years previous to Kerss' death, which happened 
comparatively lately (1880). the Bowhill terriers had 
almost disappeared, but traces of the kennel are still 
to be found in the pedigrees of many of the best 
dogs of to-day, where the names of the Duke, Lord 
John Scott, and James Kerss the Bowhill keeper, 
are to be found as owners of Dandie Dinmonts, 

Sir Walter Scott 
got his terriers presented to him by ' Dandie 
' Dinmont' himself. Of Sir Walter's terriers, how- 
ever, little is now known, but in the papers left 
by the late Mr. E. Bradshaw Smith there occurs 
this memorandum, of date ist June 1843, which 
shows that he kept up the breed : ' Lord Polwarth. 
' Mertoun, had a brace of terriers given to him 
' by Sir Walter Scott, who got a brace from Mr. 

■ James Kcr&s, a son of 'Rob of the Troughs,' was bom at Kelso on 
laih July 1805. He died at SbicUhaogh on Sth March 1880, aged seventy- 
five jeajts, having been head-keeper al Bowhill for forty-six yean. He was 
buried at Kirkhope, and over his giave stands a cross with this inscription ; 
' This Cross is placed to his memory by Walter Francis, Dnke o( Buccleuch, 
' nut of regard for one who did his duty in singleness of heart, feoiing Cod.' 


' Davidson of Hmdlea — alias Dandie Dinmont of 
' Charlieshope. Sir W. Scott's are dead. Lord 
' Polwarth has now only one, a dog, — very old, 
* colour grey and tan, or blue and tan, — same as Sir 
' Walter Scott's, — very handsome." This terrier 
was much used as a stud dog, and the name of 
'The Mertoun Dandie' appears in almost every 
pure-bred Dandie of the present day. Mr. E. B. 
Smith's memorandum is interesting, because it con- 
firms the purity of Lord Polwarth's dog's breeding, 
and states that Mr. Smith considered him 'very 
' handsome.' The latter remark is one to bear in 
mind when considering the appearance of a pure- 
bred Dandie. 

Mr. Lyon of Kirkmichael, Dumfriesshire, also 
got a pair of Dandies from Sir Walter Scott, and 
there exists at Kirkmichael an oil painting, done in 
1848, of certain members of the family, into which 
two terriers of this breed are introduced. 

Mr. Thomas Stevenson, Jedburgh, 
was one of ' Dandie Dinmont's ' most intimate 
acquaintances and companions in hunting the fox 
amongst the Cheviot Hills. He kept up a splendid 
kennel of Peppers and Mustards, and in his day 
was considered a first-rate judge of the breed. 
Among others, the Marquis of Tweeddale, and 





Mr. Francis Somner, West Morriston, got some of 
their terriers from Mr. Stevenson. 

Old John Stoddart 
was a blacksmith at Selkirk, who at one time was 
said to have the purest strain of the Dandie Din- 
mont breed in the Borders. Between 1820 and 
1 830 John Stoddart had his famous pair of Dandies, 
Dandie i. and Schan. The former he got from 

Mr. , Darnick, before that gentleman went 

abroad, and the latter came from Hindlee direct 
In the Blackwoodhouse records Dandie i. is de- 
scribed as 'a very handsome dog — colour, light 
' gr^y ^""^ ^^ ; short legs, very broad behind. The 
' most game dog of his day.' Of Schan, Mr. Smith 
says, ' She was a little dark-grey bitch from Hindlee 
■ (under-jaw projected). She was very game.' 
' Both dog and bitch are now dead' {Mr. Smith 
writes in 1843), 'but J. S. bred several pups from 
them ; — 

' I. His own dog Dandie (n.). Colour, light 
' grey and tan. Age, nine or ten years. 

' 2. Mr. Tod of Drygrange got one darker grey, 
' very good, not out of same litter as Dan ' 
(Dandie 11. above), 'but a previous one two years 
' before. His name was Charlie ; now dead. 

' 3. Lady Ravensworth got a pup. 


' 4. The Duke of Buccleuch got a bitch, like its 
mother, under-hung. It killed rats when eight 
weeks old. Now dead.' (This bitch was Bowhill 
" Schan.") 

' 5. A pup was sent to in Edinburgh. 

' 6 and 7, M'CulIoch, Hot Baths, Leith, got a 
' dog and bitch which he sold to Mr. Lyon, Kirk- 
' michael, Dumfriesshire. 

* 8. Mrs. Douglas, Old Melrose, got a bitch 
' named Wasp. Now dead. 

' Colour of these pups was either dark or light 
' grey, or blue, and all proved very game." There 
were besides these many others which were sent to 
various other persons. 

The famous dog ' Charlie,' belonging to Thomas 
Tod, Esq. of Drygrange, No. 2 above mentioned, 
was only 13 lb. weight, but was very game, and 
on one occasion when the Duke of Buccleuch's 
hounds had run a fox to earth near Drygrange. 
'Charlie' was sent for, and when put into the 
drain at once tackled the fox, his Grace ultimately 
' tailing' Charlie, and pulling out him and the fox 
in presence of the whole field. 

John Stoddart was always very particular as to 
the purity of his terriers, taking the greatest care to 
use nothing but the ' bluest ' blood in breeding. 

As an instance of this I may quote the words of 



an old Selkirk breeder of the Dandle Dinmont, 
Mr. Thomas Welsh, who says, ' I think one of my 
' 6rst excursions out of the old Border burgh was 
' with Jocky (Stoddart), to help him to carry 

■ "Musk," a bitch that I think "Old Dandy" was 
* bred from, up to Bowhill. So careful was the old 
' man, that the bitch was put into a bag, and carried 
' on his back. 1 spoke of this to Mr. Kerss, his 
' Grace's head-keeper, a short time ago (1879), 
' when he told me he minded of the thing quite 
' well. When he told Jocky he might have led 

■ her up on a string, " Ay." says Jocky, "she has 
' "less chance o' fa'ing in love wi' onything on the 
' "road when she's on our back."' A good 
proof this that the old breeders were most care- 
ful to preserve the pure blood of the Pepper and 
Mustard race. 

R. pRiNGLE, Esq. of The Haining, 

had his best dogs from John Stoddart, Selkirk. 
The pure breed was maintained at The Haining 
until 1843, when, after Mr. Pringle's death, the 
kennel was dispersed. Mrs. Douglas, Mr. Pringle's 
sister, who resided at Old Melrose, also was a keen 
Dandie fancier, and had many dogs of great excel- 
lence in her possession. 


Mr. Francis Somner, West Morriston, 
among the original breeders of the Dandie Dinmont 
terrier since James Davidson's time, takes a very 
prominent place. Mr. Somner's famous kennel was 
founded somewhere about the year 1820, when he 
procured a small pepper-and-salt coloured bitch 
named ' Nettle,' which was bred at Hindlee. 
Mr. Somner tells of his getting Nettle thus : — 
' Mr. Thomas Stevenson, Jedburgh, before men- 
' tioned, had come over with a few hands to help 
' my father, who farmed largely near Haddington, 
' with the harvest. I was going into the harvest- 
' field one day, when suddenly something rushed at 
' my legs, and seized me by the trousers. I looked 
' down, and saw a curious-looking litde dog, more 
' like an otter than anything else, being long in the 
' back, with very short legs, I had never seen any- 
' thing like it before, and I called out to Mr. 
' Stevenson to come and see the creature. When he 
'came he said, "Oh! that's a Dandie Dinmont's 
' "terrier. She came over with one of James David- 
' "son's men from Hindlee. It is one of the breed 
' "referred to in Guy Mannering." I looked again 
' at the little creature, and then noticed that it had 
' been sitting on a coat (her master's) at the edge of 
' the field, and I was so taken with its appearance 


' that I said to Mr. Stevenson that I would Hke to 
' get it. He told me the breed had lately come into 
' great request, and that I would have to pay a long 
' price for her. I then saw the owner and bought 
' "Nettle." This occurred somewhere about 1820, 
' I think, but might be a few years earlier.' 

For the next thirty years Mr. Somner kept up a 
splendid kennel of Dandies, his dogs approaching 
very nearly perfection in shape, colour, and game- 
ness, and being in great request among admirers 
of the breed. Of the many Dandies bred by 
Mr. Somner, however, the best was probably 
his famous dog 'Shem' (whelped 1839), which 
was a direct descendant of 'Nettle.' Of "Shem' 
further notice is made in the Appendix. When Mr. 
Somner gave up his country life, about 1842, and 
went to live in Kelso, he partly broke up his kennel, 
the greater number of his dogs going to the kennels 
of Mr. E. Bradshaw Smith, "Old Shem' being among 
them. He however kept a few of his famous strain 
about him, selling in June 1844 a brace of Dandies 
to Count Robert de Portalis, who bought them for 
the then King of France, Louis Philippe. In the 
year 1852 Mr. Somner finally dispersed his kennel. 

Mr. Somner was very particular in entering his 
dogs properly before using them as stud dogs. As 
an example of the high nature of the trials his dogs 



had to pass before he considered them good 
enough to use at the stud, I may cite the case of 
' Pepper,' referred to at p. 7. Shortly after he 
had got ' Pepper,' from Allan, the basket-maker 
at Yetholm, Mr. Somner tried him four days in 
succession at badger. On the fourth day ' Pepper ' 
was so much swollen about the head and throat 
that Mr. Somner hesitated much trying the dog 
again, both on account of the pain it would give 
' Pepper,' and also half doubting if the dog would 
in the circumstances face so fierce a foe as a 
badger. However, a badger was boxed, and 
' Pepper' brought out, when, the moment he was 
loosed, he went into the box (which was nine feet 
long, and ingeniously contrived, so that if a dog got 
into difficulties with his antagonist he could be 
rescued), and fought the badger with the greatest 
determination, notwithstanding that he was stiff and 
sore from the wounds inflicted on the three pre- 
vious days, and ultimately 'drew the brock.' In 
fact, all had to stand the test with fox, badger, otter, 
etc., before they were thought worthy of being 
bred from. This he considered essential for the 
proper preservation of the wonderful gameness for 
which the race of Peppers and Mustards had always 
been so famous. 

its history and characteristics. 5 i 

Dr. William Brown, Melrose, 
and his brother, Dr. John Brown (' Rab'), werealso 
keen Dandle fanciers. In Hors Subseciv<s, in a 
chapter on ' Our Dogs,' Dr. John Brown gives an 
interesting notice of the breed. ' Crab,' ' John 
' Pym,' and his son ' Puck,' were perhaps the most 
famous of their dogs. 

James Scott, Newstead, 
was another keen fancier. First and last, he had as 
great an experience of the pure breed as any one, 
and in the pedigrees of the best dogs of the present 
day the names of Mr. Scott's old favourites are to 
be found. Like Mr. Thomas Stevenson, Jedburgh, 
Mr. Scott knew James Davidson, Hindlee, person- 
ally, and as a lad hunted the fox with him among 
the Cheviot Hills. In the discussion on the 
Dandie in the Field, in 1869, Mr. Scott took an 
active part, and contributed much valuable informa- 
tion regarding the breed. He died at Newstead 
on 1 8th June 1874. 

Mr. Nicol Milne of Faldonside 
got his first Dandie Dinmont terrier from his 
brother-in-law, Mr. Wilson of Otterburn, who is 


said to have possessed a ' Mustard ' which had 
belonged to James Davidson of Hindlee, and which 
was very game. 

Mr. Milne also procured from the widow of Ned 
Dunn, the Whitelee gamekeeper, a yellow bitch 
named ' Jenny,' whose sire was yellow and mother 
black and tan. Of ' Jenny ' Mr. E. Bradshaw Smith 
in the Blackwoodhouse Records says, under the date 
istjune 1843, ' She is zicrv good.' 

' Jenny ' was a famous bitch in her day, and was 
much bred from. Her progeny, like herself, were 
very good. As will be noticed later, Mr. E. Brad- 
shaw Smith got several of them, viz., 'Tot' by 
' Drygrange Charlie,' the sire of Somner's ' Shem;' 
and 'Jock ' and ' Dandie (B) ' by Dr. Brown's ' John 
' Pym,' a son of Somner's ' Shem.' 

Although Mr. Milne carefully kept up during 
his life a first-rate kennel of Dandies, it is to be 
regretted that he left no written records of his 

Mr. John Stewart Lyon of Kirkmichael, 
as before mentioned, procured a brace of Dandie 
Dinmonts from Sir Walter Scott somewhere about 
1 820. Some amateur and rather unfinished sketches 
of Mr. Lyon's dogs still hang in Kirkmichael 





House. These, however, it is to be regretted, are 
not of much value as delineating correctly the 
originals from which they were made, viz., ' Old 
' Pincher, an old soldier;' 'Juno, favourite of Col' 
' Ross, 1830;' and Spicy 'by Sir Walter Scott's 
' original Pepper, 1825.' There is also a picture of 
some members of the Lyon family, painted by 
Gibson of Edinburgh about 1848, in which are 
introduced two terriers, viz., a Pepper named 
■ Spicy,' and a Mustard named ' Witchy.' As in 
the case of the sketches above referred to. the 
portraits of 'Spicy' and 'Witchy' are not very 
satisfactory. Mr. Lyon also bought from M'CulIoch 
of the Hot Baths, Leith, a dog and bitch bred by 
old John Stoddart, Selkirk, by his Dandle i. out of 
Schan, from Hindlee. These terriers, crossed with 
the ones obtained from Sir Walter, founded the 
Kirkmichael strain. For many years Mr. Lyon 
kept up the pure breed, but after his death the 
Kirkmichael kennel gradually fell away, and now is 
a thing of the past. 

Mr. James Aitken, Maryfield House, 
procured his first Dandies about the year 1840. 
In 1846 he obtained the bitch 'Meadow,' men- 
tioned in the first edition of 'Stonehenge' (1859). 



She was bred in December 1844 at Birseslees, 
Longnewton, Roxburghshire, being by Sir George 
H. S. Douglas of Springwood Park's ' Pepper,' 
out of his 'Schann.' 'Schann' was by the Duke 
of Buccleuch's ' Old Pepper ' out of his Grace's 
'Schann,' by old John Stoddart of Selkirk's 
Dandie I. out of 'Schann.' from Hindlee. ' Pepper' 
{Meadow's sire) was bred by Mr. Lang. Selkirk. 
It should be here mentioned that some confusion 
has arisen between Mr. Aitken's 'Meadow' and 
the famous ' May-day' belonging to D. M'Dougall, 
Cessford, and afterwards to Mr. E. B. Smith, 
Blackwoodhouse. This has probably arisen from 
the phonetic resemblance of the names ' Meadow ' 
and ' May-day ' when pronounced in the Scottish 
dialect' About the same period {1846) Mr. Aitken 
obtained a young dog from Dr. William Brown of 
Melrose, named 'Shem.' He was by Dr. Brown's 
famous dog 'John Pym ' (a son of Mr. Somner's 
' Shem') out of a bitch of Mr. N. Milne of Faldon- 
side. The progeny of this pair Mr. Aitken crossed 
with dogs of the Telfers, Blindburn. and other 
good strains, and at the present time he still 
possesses some of their descendants. 

' The enception uken by Dr. Grant, Hawick, In Fitld ami Ftm, lo 
Meadow's pedigree, u stated by 'Stonehene*' '" l*" ^^°^ ™ 'he Dog, 
evidcDtly arose TTOm the confiuiaii between ' Meadow ' and ' May-day ' here 
■lluded to. 

its history and characteristics. 55 

Dr. Grant, Hawick, 
was a sportsman in every sense of the word. Not- 
withstanding a large country practice, he found 
time to hunt the otter in the Teviot and other 
streams in the neighbourhood of Hawick with a 
small but carefully selected pack of otter-hounds 
and Dandies. Mr. H. H. Dixon in his work Field 
and Fem^ before alluded to, gives the following 
interesting account of Dr. Grant and his terriers : — 
' To pass through Hawick without having an 
' introduction to Dr. Grant and his Dandie Dinmonts 
' was not to be thought of. We first met him in the 
' outskirts, journeying professionally towards Teviot- 
' dale, with three of them in his dog-cart. Grey- 
' hounds, terriers, otters, and a good practice form 
' his quadruple tie to the district, and he has almost 
' ceased to think of his native Highlands. His 
' house is a faithful reflex of himself. There is an 
' infant badger stuffed on the staircase, and an otter 
' of 25 lb. on the landing. . . . The Doctor's best 
' affections have always been, not so much with the 
* clan Grant, as with his Dandle Dinmonts, and his 

■ back-yard is quite a Charlieshope. Nettle and 

■ Pepper, from Paul Scott of J edburgh, were the first 

> Fidd and Fern, or Scettiik Herds and Fttikj {Smtlh). qnoted aitie. 


' arrivals; and Sir George Douglas's keeper gave 
' him Shamrock, who had recently devoted himself to 
' worrying collies. " Shammy " is of the Birseslees 
' branch of the Dandie Dinmont family, referred to 
' by " Stonehenge " On the Dog. He was bred by 
' Mr. James Scott of Newstead, from Vixen by 
' brcmm Pepper, or Pepper, or " Pepper the Second." 
' In short, the Doctor believes in no other blood 
' than that which is derived from James Davidson of 
' Hindley and almost primaeval Pepper and Mustard 
■ renown. He had bought many things in Dandie 
* shape before he cast in his lot with this breed, but 
' his trials were too high for them. They were 
' entered with rats, and mounted the scale to cats, as 
' age and performance might warrant. Too many of 
' the puppies stopped there, or did not get any 
' further than a muzzled fox ; and then, if age gave 
' them solid confidence, they took their B.A, degree 
' with the badger. This species of culture tends 
' upwards to the otter, in which Tom and Teddy 
' (the sons of Shamrock and Nettle) have become 
' quite Regius Professors. Teddy gains in pluck 
' what he loses in style. He goes quietly up to the 
' ' ■ fish-slicer," and gets almost bitten to death on the 
' head without a murmur, while he surely does the 
' deed ; but Tom dashes in with all the Uan of a 
' Zouave, and has it by the neck before it can get 



'home with its "clinches." A retreat for purely 
' " strategic purposes " is a thing they wot not of. 

' Any one who dares to say that the Dandle is 
' cross-bred must gird up his loins then and there 
' for a vigorous course of polemics. Not only has 
' the Doctor looked into the whole thing in a most 
' learned note, but he can quote several lines from 
' the Greek poet Oppianus, who flourished in the 
' second century, to prove that the " crook-limbed 
' " and black-eyed " breed were natives of Britain at 
' the time of the Roman invasion.' 

Mr. E. Bradshaw Smith of Blackwoodhouse 

was a native of Dumfriesshire, but, having property 
in Roxburghshire, went to reside there about the 
year 1840, and when there first became acquainted 
with, and an ardent admirer of, the Dandie Dinmont 
terrier. Mr. Smith may, I think, be fairly looked 
upon as the saviour of the pure breed of Dandie 
Dinmont terrier from extinction. Indeed, as a 
breeder of, and authority on, the Dandie Dinmont, 
he stands out pre-eminent from the time of James 
Davidson to the present day. Starting his kennel 
in 1841, Mr. Smith founded his strain of Dandie 
Dinmonts by the purchase of terriers of only the 


most undeniable blood, including dogs from the 
kennels of Mr. F. Somner, Hugh Purves, Leader- 
foot; D. M'Dougall, Cessford; Frain, Trows; John 
Stoddart, Selkirk; Mr. Milne of Faldonside; J. Kerss 
the Bowhill gamekeeper; Mr. Pringle of The Hain- 
ing, and others. The breed was maintained at 
Blackwoodhouse with the greatest care down to the 
date of Mr. Smith's death (1882), the variety of 
strains in his kennels enabling him to cross back- 
wards and forwards throughout the greater part 
of this long period practically without going outside 
his own kennels for fresh blood. From time 
to time, however, to avoid the evil effects of 
too much ' in-breeding,' Mr. Smith added to his 
stud occasionally specimens of the pure race, 
making excursions for the purpose throughout the 
Borders to places where he knew he could obtain 
such, — his habit of making notes on the spot of 
the really good dogs in the various districts he 
visited and of their owners enabling him to insure 
the purity of the new blood. Writing on 27th 
February 1876, Mr. E. B. Smith says, 'Since 1854 
' the only additions 1 have made to my kennel, save 
' those I bred myself, are those I had from Mr. 
' J. B. Richardson; Gyp (by Dr. Grant's "Teddy" 
' out of Dr. Riddell's ■' Mary i.") from Mr. Pool; 
' two pups from the Rev. S. T. Mosse, Jock by Dirk 


' out of Captain Lyon's bitch, and Brock by Dirk 
' out of Mr. Macdona's Meg, bred by Mr. Milne. 
' In 1854 I purchased from Mr. Milne the last of 
' the progeny of his famous old Jenny,' viz., 
' Dandie (B)' referred to in Appendix III, Those 
from Mr. Richardson, I may add, were 'Jock' and 
'Jenny' by Mr. Smith's 'Pepper' {sire of Dirk, 
Appendix III.) out of Mr. Richardson's 'Myrtle' 
in 1868, and at subsequent periods several other 
grown dogs and puppies, nearly all sired by Mr. 
Smith's own dogs, and out of well-bred bitches 
belonging to Mr. Richardson. Among these may 
be mentioned the handsome Mustard dogs ' Otter' 
and 'Badger,' both by Mr. Smith's 'Marmot' 
out of Mr. Richardson's ' Topsy,' whelped 3d April 

The Blackwoodhouse terriers, as will be seen 
from the Appendices, were connected in direct 
line with the original Peppers and Mustards of 
Charlieshope. Mr. Smith kept careful stud notes 
of the breeding of all his terriers, together with 
the pedigrees of the various dogs purchased by 
him at different times, and a perusal of these notes 
would convince the most sceptical that in Mr. 
Smith's strain we possess lineal descendants of 
the famous Hindlee terriers. 

Among the many famous Dandies acquired by 



Mr. Smith I may specially mention ' Dandle n., 
bought from old John Stoddart of Selkirk, whelped 
about the year 1833, which died in December 184831 
the ripe age of fifteen years ; a bitch, the last sur- 
vivor of the terriers of Ned Dunn, the Whitelee 
gamekeeper (the contemporary and companion of 
James Davidson, Hindlee) ; 'Tot' by ' Drygrange 
' Charlie' out of Nicol Milne's famous yellow bitch 
■Jenny;' also 'Jock' and ' Dandie (B) ' by Dr. 
Brown's ' John Pym,' a son of Somner's ' Shem ' 
out of N. Milne's 'Jenny;' "May-day,' a Pepper 
bitch whelped in 1836 or 1837, from Mr. D. 
M'Dougall, Cessford (' May-day's' brother was sold 
for a large sum to a French gentleman, who pre- 
sented him to Louis Philippe) ; ' Ruth,' ' Whin,' and 
*Shem' (the latter whelped in 1839, and whose 
pedigree is given in the Appendix), from Mr. F. 
Somner. Mr. Smith had, on one occasion, the 
honour of presenting in person one of his famous 
terriers to Her Majesty the Queen, at Windsor, 
who was graciously pleased to accept it 

The quality of the Blackwoodhouse terriers was 
always in the old days fully tested at badger and 
other ' large game.' ' So determined were they/ 
writes a correspondent, ' that many a badger was 
' killed outright by some of the stronger dogs 
' before they could be taken off, while some of the 


' smaller ones of about 12 lb. weight would cling 
' to their game with as much tenacity of purpose, 
' although they had not the strength to punish so 
' severely. When a very severe test was required, 
' the dog was run at two badgers in the same box, 
• and had to submit to the punishment of one while 
' he held the other.' 

In the autumn of 1880 a dastardly outrage was 
perpetrated at the Blackwoodhouse kennel, two 
dogs and three bitches being poisoned, but the 
miscreants were never brought to justice, notwith- 
standing the offer of a substantial reward for any 

Mr. Smith died somewhat suddenly at Geneva on 
the 19th March 1882 (where, many years previously, 
he had buried ' Old Shem '), when on his way home 
from Switzerland, where he latterly wintered, and 
his kennel, which then consisted of seven dogs and 
six bitches, was shortly afterwards dispersed, with 
the exception of one Mustard dog, ' Birkie,' which 
was retained by Miss Smith as a house-dog. 



'Dandle Dinmoiit terrier'? — 'The Dandle 

' Dandie Dinmont Terrier Clnb '—The ' Club ' 
aundard or cxccUcdcc; 

Turning now from the history of the Dandie 
Dinmont terrier and its early breeders, I come 
to the question, — ' What constitutes a Dandie 
' Dinmont terrier ? ' 

In the beginning of 1869 this question was first 
raised publicly in a long and fierce discussion which 
took place in the Field, consequent on the curious 
judging of the Dandie class at Birmingham Show in 
December 1868, by Messrs. C. Collins and Matthias 
Smith, and although there was a great deal of 
nonsense as to the breed written, much useful 
information was then given by various writers. 
Foremost amongst the disputants was the Rev. S. 
Tenison Mosse, who, I must say, in spite of his 
detractors, did more for maintaining the true breed 
than any other writer, by inducing such men as 
Mr. Francis Somner, Kelso, Mr. James Scott, 
Newstead, Mr. James Aitken. Edinburgh, and 



Mr. George Telfer, Blindbum — men who really 
knew what they were writing about, — to come for- 
ward and state their views as to the Dandie Din- 
mont in the Field, for the benefit of the public. 
The result of the discussion was to thrash out the 
subject and to get pretty well at the truth, although 
still every now and then the * fire,' which was 
thought to have been put out, bursts out afresh in 
one or other of the spwrting journals. This arises, 
I think, from the fact that the ranks of Dandie 
Dinmont ' fanciers ' are from time to time being 
recruited by persons taking up the breed, who have 
previously been in total ignorance of its history 
and characteristics, neither of which are to be 'learned 
* in a day.' These discussions will, however, be 
more fully noticed later on. 

In answering the question of ' What is a Dandie ? ' 
I propose to adopt the plan indicated in the opening 
chapter, namely, having first traced the race of 
Peppers and Mustards back to the earliest period 
at which it was known as a distinct breed, to 
endeavour to ascertain what its appearance and 
characteristics then were, and thereafter to inquire 
whether that appearance and these characteristics 
are to be found in any of the modem representa- 
tives of the race. 

I have explained that the Dandie Dinmont terrier 


was originally a Northumbrian breed (although un- 
doubtedly since the beginning of this century it has 
chiefly been bred on the Scotch side of the Border), 
and first heard of as a distinct race of terriers in the 
hands of Piper Allan the elder, the head of the 
Allan tribe, say about the year 1 720. Is there any 
contemporary evidence extant as to the appearance 
of the Piper's terriers ? The only reference to 
terriers which 1 have been able to find in natural- 
history books published about that period is in 
Bewick's well-known History of Quadrupeds} This 
work was first published at Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
in the year 1790, and its information is valuable, 
not only from the date, but from the fact of its being 
the work of a Northumbrian, and published in 
Northumberland. Bewick, it is natural to suppose, 
would be most familiar with the breeds of terrier 
prevalent at the time in Northumberland, and in 
writing the article on the terrier would give a 
description of them. 

'The terrier,' he says, 'has a most acute smell, 
' is generally attendant on every pack of hounds, and 
' is very expert in forcing foxes or other game out of 
' their coverts. It is the determined enemy of all 
' the vermin kind ; such as weasels, foumarts, badgers, 
' rats, mice, etc. It is fierce, keen, and hardy ; and 

' ^rt Hialery pf QiiadnipeJi. Thomas Bewick, Newcaatlcon-TjTie, 1790, 


' in its encounters with the badger sometimes meets 
' with very severe treatment, which it sustains with 
' great courage and fortitude. A well-trained veteran 
' dog frequently proves more than a match for that 
' hard-bitten animal. There are two kinds of 
' terriers : the one is rough, sJiort-legged, Imtg-backed, 
' very strong, and most commonly of a black or 
'yellowish colour mixed with white} the other is 
' smooth, sleek, and beautifully formed, having a 
' shorter body, and more sprightly appearance ; it is 
' generally of a reddish-brown colour, or black with 
' tanned legs ; and is similar to the rough terrier 
* in disposition and faculties, but inferior in size, 
' strength, and hardiness.' 

It will be remembered that Sir Walter Scott, 
in his notes to Guy Mannering, speaks of James 
Davidson's terriers as being ' yellow or greyish 

The written account of the ' rough terrier ' 
thus given by Bewick is a fair description of the 
terriers owned by James Davidson, Hindlee, and 
his hunting companion, Ned Dunn, Whitelee, both 
of whom are known to have procured their terriers 
from the Allans and others of the Border ' Mugger ' 
tribes. I must however admit that the engraving 
of Bewick's terrier represents a most wretched 

> The italics are mine. 


cuHy-tailed mongrel, and I therefore here give, by 
the kind permission of the Duke of Buccleuch, an 
etching of the head of a terrier which belonged to 
Henry, third Duke of Buccleuch, taken from a pic- 
ture painted in 1770 by Gainsborough, to show the 
the real Border type of terrier of a century ago. 
There can be little doubt that the old Border terriers 
of this type formed the raw material from which 
has sprung the Dandie Dinmont. 

Mr. Robert White of Newcastle-on-Tyne sa)*s,' 
in speaking of the race of terriers possessed by 
James Davidson, Hindlee ; ' I have seen the 
■ genuine breed long ago at Ned Dunn's of the 

* Whitelee at the head of Redesdale. Among 
' common do^ they were something like the Black 

* Dwarf among men, long-bodied animals with 
' strong short legs, wiry-haired, and at the first look 

* not unlike a low four-footed stool, such as I have 
' seen in houses in the south of Scotland forty 
' years ago. They were sent in to the fox when 
' he was earthed, and fought him there.' 

' A Border Sportsman ' (probably James Scott, 
Newstead, another hunting companion of James 
Davidson in his youth), in the letter in the J^teM 
before referred to,' says, 'The real pure original 

* Pepper and Mustard race, as bred by young 

' See fforir Sttiitciva, <]uoted anti. ' See p. 26, tmle. 


' Davidson, and as known by Sir Walter Scott, 
' who has rendered it so famous in history, was 

■ a very long-bodied animal, short in the leg 
' (particularly so in front), with long head, and 
' immensely strong jaws and teeth compared with 
' the size of the creature ; it had pendent ears 
' like the hound or beagle, but had nothing of the 
' hound or beagle in voice. In short, it was more a 
' picturesque than a strictly handsome animal.' And 
again: 'These terriers were only ten to eleven 
' inches high, and weighed only about from 13 lbs. 
' to 18 lbs. ; their coat was rough on the body, and 
' hard and wiry, in what was called pencils ; on the 
' head soft and silky, and generally of a much lighter 

■ tint than that on the body ; the legs and feet 

■ partook to a slight extent of the same soft silky 
' hair as that on the head.' 

Mr. Francis Somner, Kelso, thus describes the 
terrier bitch ' Nettle,' which, as before mentioned, 
he procured direct from Hindlee in or about the 
year 1820: — 'Nettle was from the kennels of 
' Dandie Dinmont direct. Her colour was a real 
' pepper and salt, with the white, woolly, curly head, 
' dark hazel eye, pendent ears, very long body upon 
' short legs, with ankles, feet, and claws perfect. 
' Weight eleven pounds. She was a game little 

■ thing, and of a very vicious nature, but from her 



' small size she was never tried upon large vermin 
' in case of her being destroyed.' 

Of ' Old Pepper,' purchased from Allan, the basket- 
maker at Yetholm, and grandson of the original 
Piper Allan, Mr. Somner writes: '"Old Pepper" 
' was purchased by me from a tinker in Yetholm 
' famous for the purity of his breed of Dandie Din- 
' monts. He was a grandson of old Allan, the 
' basket-maker in Holystone on the Coquet Water, 
' and declared " Pepper" to be a true lineal descen- 
' dant of the famous dog *' Hitchem," which it is said 
' the Duke of Northumberland offered a liferent 
' lease of a small farm for. The old basket-maker's 
' reply was, " I wadna tak yer hale grund for 
' "him."* This anecdote has evidently the same 
origin as that referred to by Dr. John Brown in 
his Hora Subsecivce, mentioned at page 6. 

Mr. Somner's famous dog ' Shem ' was descended 
from both ' Nettle ' and ' Old Pepper,* and regard- 
ing the other dogs in 'Shem's' pedigree he says: 
' All the dogs used in this pedigree, besides 
' possessing all the shapes and characteristics of 
' the breed, before they were put together for the 
' purpose of reproducing stock, were well tried 
' with every sort of vermin, such as stoats, pole- 
' cats, cats, foxes, and badgers, etc. etc' 

Thus altogether we have a very distinct descrip- 


tion g^ven of the race of terriers as possessed by the 
Allans, Davidson, Dunn, etc., and further, the fact 
stated that Mr. Somner in selecting his terriers for 
breeding purposes took the greatest care only to use 
dogs of the original type possessed by Davidson. Mr. 
Somner's evidence as to this fact is very important 
at the present time, because it has been maintained 
by some that the type of the Dandie Dinmont of the 
present day has totally changed from what it was 
when possessed by James Davidson, Hindlee, and 
thischiefly because of cross-breeding. Mr. Somner's 
evidence however shows that the old breeders stuck 
fast to the original type and handed it down to 
their successors, while the pedigrees given in the 
Appendix are sufficient to show that the blood 
has been maintained pure. 

' Stonehenge ' lately departed from his primary 
theory that the Dandie Dinmont had originated in 
a cross between the old Scotch terrier and otter- 
hound or Welsh harrier, and stated that the original 
Dandie was really a pure terrier, while the modern 
Dandie was the result of a cross with the German 
Dachshund, The reader will here doubtless 
remember the theory referred to at page 3, that 
the Dandie Dinmont originated in a cross between 
terriers of the Dachshund type (brought by the 
Gypsies probably a couple of centuries ago from 



the continent of Europe) and the old-fashioned 
Border terrier. As regards the origin of the 
' Pepper and Mustard ' race, such a theory may 
or may not possibly be true, but as r^ards the 
contamination of the breed by such a cross in 
these latter times, ' Stonehenge ' is most certainly 
mistaken. He writes in the Field oi 5th May 1877 
thus : ' Since my first acquaintance with the Dandie, 
■ pictorially and in the flesh, going back nearly half a 
' century, a considerable elongation has taken place 
' in the body as well as the ears of that dog,' and 
then, after giving an instance or two of short-eared 
and short-bodied terriers which were reputed 
Dandies over forty years ago, by way of proof 
(I should have said instead of proof), propounds 
the somewhat startling theory that the modern 
Dandie is the result of a cross with the Dachs- 
hund, from which the ears and body have been 
lengthened, and crooked legs and wide chests 
introduced, together with an entirely new obstinacy 
of disposition, which makes them almost, if not 
quite, uncontrollable when on a scent Now I agree 
with ' Stonehenge ' when he states that the Dandie 
was originally a ' terrier^ (it is a terrier still, and has 
never been anything else, but must not be confounded 
with spurious houndish-like dogs) ; but 1 demur 
altogether to his theory of a Dachshund cross, — 


the more so as his theory was based on a supposed 
chance visit of the late Mr. E. Bradshaw Smith of 
Blackwoodhouse, Ecclefechan, accompanied by a 
favourite Dandie bitch, to the German Spas, during 
which, and in consequence of the designs or care- 
lessness of a servant, a Dachshund' had had access 
to this Dandie bitch, — a purely imaginary idea. In 
support of his theory, 'Stonehenge' refers to the 
portrait of a dog of Sir Walter Scott's, after referred 
to, and to his remembrance of a dog which belonged 
to a friend of his, and ' brought by him about forty- 
' five years ago from the Teviot district at consider- 
' able trouble and expense.'' Now, to say that from 
a supposititious chance visit, comparatively recently, 
to Germany, of one Dandie bitch, we are to account 
for the whole race of Dandie Dinmonts of the 
present day having long bodies, long ears, crooked 
fore-legs, broad chests, and obstinacy of temper — 
in short, for the bodily and mental qualities, of 
a breed of terriers being radically changed, — does 
seem a little startling. Many a long year, one 
would think, must pass before the Dachshund cross, 
if so obtained, could reach the Dandie Dinmont ter- 
rier as a breedy if indeed it could ever have reached it 
at all appreciably, for although Mr. Bradshaw Smith's 
kennel might speedily have been influenced by such 

■ SeetbeFiWi/oFslh Ma; 1S77. 



a cross, it was but a favoured few who could obtain 
blood from the Blackwoodhouse kennels. 

' Stonehenge's ' Dachshund theory, however, as 
will be immediately noticed, was repudiated by 
Mr. E. Bradshaw Smith, whose authority ' Stone- 
henge' himself admits 'stands deservedly at the 
' highest point.'' It was indeed fortunate that he 
pitched upon the Blackwoodhouse kennels as the 
channel conveying the supposed ' foreign ' blood 
to the Dandie (although intensely annoying to 
Mr. Bradshaw Smith), for, had he made the state- 
ment generally, and without specifically stating the 
grounds for his belief, a mere baseless theory 
might, in course of time, have come to be looked on 
as a fact, simply because 'Stonehenge' was its 

That crosses have taken place in many strains 
of so-called Dandie Dinmont terriers there can be 
no doubt ; Dachshund, bull-terrier, otter-hound, all 
may have been employed by some breeders to 
produce the specimens exhibited by them at our 
dog-shows as ' Dandie Dinmont terriers,' Indeed, 
I believe that it was the exhibition of some of these 
cross-bred terriers in the early days of dog-shows 
that led to all the differences of opinion that have 
taken place regarding the true type of the Dandie 

^ Dogs of tht British lilaid!. by J. H. Walsh (' Slonehenge '), iSSa. 


in the sporting journals. Often judged at first by 
those who had little or no experience of the pure 
breed, many mongrels took prizes as Dandies, and 
the public were thus erroneously taught to suppose 
tiiat these were fine specimens of the historic 
race of ' Peppers and Mustards.' Thus the 
impure blood flourished for a time, and, being 
used at the stud, was largely disseminated. But 
granting that this is so, it will not prove that the 
pure breed has been altogether lost. On the 
contrary, if it be true that there do exist such cross- 
bred strains (and I grant that fact), there is equally 
no doubt that there are Dandies in existence 
whose blood has been untainted by any foreign 
cross, at any rate since the days of James 
Davidson of Hindlee, — lineal descendants of the 
original 'Peppers and Mustards' immortalised by 

Here, for example, is the testimony of the late 
Mr. Eaglesfield Bradshaw Smith of Blackwood- 
house, whose Dandies, as I have already stated, 
were originally procured from undeniable sources, 
and who preserved the breed in all its purity for 
forty years (1841-1882). He says:' — 'This state- 
' mentof "Stonehenge"' {viz. the Dachshund theory) 

See Mr. Eaglesfield BradEhiw Smith't letter In tbe Fitld of lylh 


' certainly implies a doubt as to the purity of my 
' terriers. I, who have spared neither time, trouble, 
' nor expense to obtain the breed and preserve it 
' untainted, cannot allow this insinuation to pass 
' uncontradicted. . . . Referring, then, to the in- 
' sinuation made by " Stonehenge " as above, I never 
' bred terriers on the Continent.' He then states that, 
having kept these terriers since 1841, and having 
between that date and the date of his writing (1877) 
had more Dandies through his hands than any half- 
dozen fanciers, he felt competent to give a decided 
opinion on the article penned by 'Stonehenge,' 
although it 'be at variance with his remarks.' 

He continues: 'In the first place, it seems to 
' me an entire mistake on his (Stonehenge's) part 
' that the Dandie Dinmont of the present day is 
' longer in the body than formerly. My observation 
' tends rather in the opposite direction.' 

' Secondly, a strong characteristic of the breed 
' has ever been tenacity of purpose, and I have only 
' known two of my dogs which could be taught at 
' command to leave the trail of either fox or rabbit ; 
' certainly it would be a hopeless task to prevent a 
' Dandie Dinmont from engaging with a fox were 
' an opportunity to offer.' 

Mr. Smith further mentioned the kennels from 
which he had purchased his dogs originally, and 



Stated that from these ancestors his dogs were 
■ purely and lineally descended.' 

The editor of the Field, it is right to say, added 
this note to Mr. Smith's communication : ' We insert 
' with pleasure the above letter, which, of course, 
' upsets the attempt made in the original (Stone- 
* henge's) article on the Dandie, to account for the 
' long^arj of the modem Dandie.' It will be noticed 
that Mr. Smith, however, did not specially speak 
about the ears of the original Dandie being as long 
as those of the modern Dandie, but of the body. 

Notwithstanding this very clear and emphatic 
denial of Mr. Bradshaw Smith's. ' Stonehenge,' in 
his latest edition of The Dog (3d edition, 1879), 
disregards the above-quoted admission of the 
editor of the Field, and reiterates his Dachshund 
theory, quoting further in support of it a letter 
which appeared in the Field of i6th November 
1S78, from Mr. Matthias Smith of Leeds,' in which 
the allegation was made that even the reputedly 
purely bred Dandies of the present day are totally 
different from the original dogs possessed by 
James Davidson of Hindlee, and are nothing better 
than mongrels, In support of his argument, Mr. 
Matthias Smith mentioned (1.) that he had seen 

■ Mi. Halthias Smith's letter is onl; alluiled l< 
it ha« received from ' Stonehenge. ' 


the Stuffed skin of a genuine Dandie Dinmont 
dog which Mr. Bradshaw Smith of Blackwood- 
house had owned, viz., ' Dandie ii.,' before men- 
tioned ; also the stuffed skin of Mr. P. S. Lang 
of Selkirk's ' Old Pepper ;* and (2) that he had seen 
at Abbotsford *a portrait of a Dandie Dinmont, 
' painted by the late Sir Edwin Landseer, which 
' dog, when alive, belonged to the late Sir Walter 
' Scott.' Wherein the difference between the original 
Dandie Dinmont (as exemplified by these stuffed 
skins and the Abbotsford painting) and the modem 
Dandie lay, Mr. Matthias Smith did not, however, 
explain, and, although repeatedly called upon to 
do so, he simply reiterated the statement without 
offering further explanation or proof. The question, 
therefore, as the editor of the Field in a foot-note 
put it, ' lies in a nutshell. If he can prove his state- 
' ments, it appears to us that his case is a strong 
' one ; while, on the contrary, if they are disproved, it 
' falls to the ground. . . . The matter should hinge on 
' the truth or falsehood of his plain and straight- 
' forward statements," etc. Mr. Matthias Smith, 
having made ' his plain and straightforward state- 
' ments,' however, as before mentioned, rested con- 
tent, and offered no further explanation or proof 
by way of support. All the leading fanciers and 
others interested in the Dandie Dinmont terrier. 


however, not only challenged the statements of 
' Stonehenge' and Mr. Matthias Smith, but demon- 
strated that the slender proof adduced by them was 
untrustworthy. For instance. Mr. Bradshaw Smith, 
the owner of the stuffed skin at Blackwoodhouse, 
wrote :' ' I regret much that my stuffed dogs were 
' shown to Mr. Matthias Smith of Leeds, as, though 
' they were splendid specimens in Ufe, having been 
' badly stuffed they can convey no notion now of 
' what they actually were. The larger of the two 
' (the dog) is probably the one referred to by Mr. 
' Matthias Smith of Leeds. It is a complete botch, 
' and stands under a table so as not to attract atten- 
' tion.' So much for Mr. Matthias Smith's con- 
clusions regarding the stuffed specimen at Black- 
woodhouse of the undoubted breed. Regarding 
the stuffed skin of Mr. Lang's ' Old Pepper,' I 
leave fanciers to judge for themselves, by examining 
the etching placed opposite this page, and which 
has been made from the stuffed skin itself. As to 
the Abbotsford picture, there is absolutely no proof 
whatever that it was, or was ever meant to pass for, 
the portrait of a pure Dandie Dinmont terrier. 

The only person whose opinion carried any 
authority, who supported 'Stonehenge' and Mr. 
Matthias Smith in their contention, was the late 

' Fitld, aSlh DccembcT 1878. 


Mr. Alexander J, Adie of Linlithgow, who wrote ;^ 
' The description by "Stonehenge" of the original 
' dogs agrees with what I recollect of them more 
' than fifty years ago, and I have kept them ever 
' since. My school vacations were spent at the 
' house of a friend near Kelso, and there I made 
' my first acquaintance with a Dandie, Matcham by 
■ name. He belonged to Lady Diana Scott, Rose- 
' bank, Kelso, and, to the best of my recollection, in 
' all respects resembled " Stonehenge's" description 
' of the old kind ; an active, well-proportioned dog, 
' with small, thin ears close to his cheeks, straight 
' legs, and good feet, well suited for a long day's 
' work, . . . Afterwards I had several of Mr. 
' Davidson's breed given me by my friend ; they 
' were all much alike in shape, and very unlike the 

• prize dog of the present day, I was able to keep 
' the old type, with fine eyes, small ears, and straight 
' legs, until about fifteen years since ; but the cross 

* breed then came to me, and I have not been able 
' to get back to what I consider the true one. . . . 
' The old kind had fine tempers, not much given to 
' fight ; but I had two dogs killed stone-dead, in a 
' private battle, although they had never been 
' allowed to fight when there was any one at hand 


' to separate them. Having so long been in pos- 
' session of Dandies, I was glad to see an accurate 
' description of the old race, which, to my mind, 
' were nicer dogs than what we see in the present 
' long-eared, bent-legged prize ones. Indeed, the 
' first time I saw them at a dog-show the thought 
' immediately occurred to me that these are not 
' Dandies.' 

From Mr. Adie's description of his terriers I fear 
that they cannot have been of the true Pepper 
and Mustard race (although doubtless allied to it), 
for while his letter does carry some weight at first 
sight, and may be true as regards many of the dogs 
exhibited in the early days of dog-shows here and 
there as Dandies, his opinion loses all value when 
weighed against the evidence of such old breeders as 
the late Mr. John Stewart Lyon of Kirkmichael, the 
late Mr. Nicol Milne of Faldonside, the late Mr. E. 
Bradshaw Smith of Blackwood house, Mr. James 
Aitken, Edinburgh, and other experienced and well- 
known breeders, who have described to us the points 
of the pure breed, and who maintain that they have 
in breeding stuck not only to the lineal descendants 
of the pure race of ' Peppers and Mustards,' but 
have bred to the old lines and adhered to the old 
type. Apart from the evidence to be found in the 
Blackwoodhouse records, is it conceivable that such 



old and ardent fanciers, who appreciated to the full 
the historical interest of the breed, would stain their 
kennels with the taint of any cross-blood ? I con- 
fidently say. No, and I would refer to the anecdote 
told on page 47 of old John Stoddart of Selkirk, 
as a direct proof to the contrary. 

Further, in Appendices IV. and V. will be found 
the pedigrees of two existing Dandie Dinmont 
terriers, which have been inserted to show that two 
of the best-known prize-winners of the present day 
are ' Hneal descendants of the pure race of Peppers 
' and Mustards.' Thus the dicta laid down by 
' Stonehenge,' Mr. Matthias Smith, and Mr. Adie, 
being altogether at variance with the statements of 
all the old, experienced, and well-known breeders, 
and being, besides, totally unsupported by any 
evidence, must be dismissed as unworthy of serious 

But, although the blood may still be pure, may 
not the type have changed ? It is now more than 
sixty years since ' Dandie Dinmont ' was gathered to 
his fathers, and half a century in the annals of dog 
history means a considerable period. Why, without 
going outside the pure stock left in the country at 
the date of James Davidson's death, the type of his 
famous little terrier might have become so changed 
by this time as to be beyond his recognition could 



he see them, although the blood would still be 
the same. Half a century of skilful or unskilful 
breeding will do wonders in altering the shapes 
and characteristics of such early-matured animals 
as dogs! 

But has the type of the Pepper and Mustard 
race changed from what it was in Davidson's time ? 
I think but little, and, if at all, probably for the 

From the descriptions I have already quoted 
from Bewick. Mr. Robert White, Mr. Francis 
Somner, and Mr. James Scott, we have so far 
ascertained what the old breed were like. Besides 
this, I have referred to Lord Polwarth's ' Dandie,' 
which was a son of a dog and bitch given to Sir 
Walter Scott by James Davidson — ' Dandle 
' Dinmont ' himself — as specimens of the genuine 
breed, and we may be sure * Dandie ' would not 
give anything but the best to Sir Walter. Of this 
dog Mr. E. Bradshaw Smith says, writing in 1843, 
and after he had seen the dog. that he was ' very 
' handsome,' and the ' same as Sir Walter Scott's,' 
Now we know what sort of dog Mr. E. B, Smith 
considered ' very handsome.' He speaks also of 
Mr. Nicol Milne's 'Jenny.' J. Stoddart's 'Old 
' Dandle,' ' Podgy 11.' {whose portrait is here given, 
and which is just the stamp of terrier to catch the 



eye of a good judge at the present time).' and 
others of his own breeding, as ' very handsome,' 
and from these dogs his stock was descended. 

Altogether there was ample evidence as to the 
appearance of the pure race of Dandie Dinmont 
terriers, in the statements of Mr. Francis Somner, 
Mr. James Scott, Mr. E. B. Smith, Mr. James 
Aitken, and other veteran breeders, but, in conse- 
quence of the constantly recurring controversies, 
there was formed in 1876 'The Dandie Dinmont 
' Terrier Club,' with the object of ' at once and for 
' ever ' settling the points of the breed. For this 
purpose all the most noted breeders of the Dandle 
and others interested were invited to give their 
views as to the appearance and points of the breed. 
The result of the deliberations of the Club (which 
had Lord Melgund and Mr. E. Bradshaw Smith 
respectively as President and Vice-President) is 
contained in the admirable * Standard of Ex- 
'cellence' with which I close this chapter, as it 
is in its way a most accurate description of the 
original Pepper and Mustard or Dandle Dinmont 

• This portrait of 'Podgy u.' is copied from a clevet sketch mode at 
Blackwoodbouse on zgth May 1863 by Mr. J. C. W. Douglas, and is re- 
ferred to in the Fii/J of 30th November 1878. The landscape is Mr. W. 
Hole's work. Of Podgy II. Mr, E. B. Smith writes in January 1876: 
* Podgy u. was a dark bluish grey, with a fine silky head. She was the 
' image of her mother, Podgy l. ; they could scarcely be distioguished one 
' from the other, and were both particularly handsome.' 



The Dandie Dinmont Terrier Club's 
' Standard or Excellence." 

Head. — Strongly made and large, not out of 
proportion to the dog's size, the muscles showing 
extraordinary development, more especially the 
maxillary. Skull broad between the ears, getting 
gradually less towards the eyes, and measuring 
about the same from the inner corner of the 
eye to back of skull as it does from ear to ear. 
The forehead well domed. The head is covered 
with very soft silky hair (which should not be 
confined to a mere top-knot, and the lighter in 
colour and silkier it is, the better). The Cheeks, 
starting from the ears proportionately with the 
skull, have a gradual taper towards the Muzzle, 
which is deep and strongly made, and measures 
about three inches in length, or in proportion to 
skull as three is to five. The Muzzle is covered 
with hair of a little darker shade than the top- 
knot, and of the same texture as the feather of 
the fore-legs. The top of the Muzzle is generally 
bare for about an inch from the back part of the 
nose, the bareness coming to a point towards 
the eye, and being about one inch broad at the 
nose. The nose and inside of Mouth black or dark 
coloured. The Teeth very strong, especially the 


canine, which are of extraordinary size for such a 
small dog. The canines fit well into each other, 
so as to give the greatest available holding and 
punishing power, and the teeth are level in front, 
the upper ones very slightly overlapping the under 
ones. [Many of the finest specimens have a 
* Swine-mouth,' which is very objectionable, but 
it is not so great an objection as the protrusion 
of the under jaw. ] 

Eyes. — Set wide apart, large, full, round, bright, 
expressive of great determination, intelligence, and 
dignity ; set low and prominent in front of the head ; 
colour, a rich dark hazel. 

Ears. — Large and pendulous, set well back, wide 
apart, and low on the skull, hanging close to the 
cheek, with a very slight projection at the base, 
broad at the junction of the head, and tapering 
almost to a point, the fore-part of ear tapering very 
little — the taper being mostly on the back part, the 
fore-part of the ear coming almost straight down 
from its junction with the head to the tip. They 
are covered with a soft straight brown hair {in 
some cases almost black), and have a thin feather 
of light hair starting about two inches from the 
tip, and of nearly the same colour and texture as 
the top-knot, which gives the ear the appearance 
of a distinct point. The animal is often one or 


two years old before the feather is shown. The 
cartilage and skin of the ear should not be thick, 
but rather thin. Length of ear from three to four 

Neck. — Very muscular, well developed, and 
strong, showing great power of resistance, being 
well set into the shoulders. 

Body. — Long, strong, and flexible ; ribs well 
sprung and round, chest well developed and let 
well down between the fore-legs ; the back rather 
low at the shoulder, having a slight downward 
curve and a corresponding arch over the loins, 
with a very slight gradual drop from top of loins 
to root of tail ; both sides of back-bone well sup- 
plied with muscle. 

Tail. — Rather short, say from eight inches to ten 
inches, and covered on the upper side with wiry hair 
of darker colour than that of the body, the hair on the 
under side being lighter in colour, and not so wiry, 
with a nice feather about two inches long, getting 
shorter as it nears the lip ; rather thick at the root, 
getting thicker for about four inches, then tapering 
off to a point. It should not be twisted or curled in 
any way, but should come up with a regular curve 
like a scimitar, the tip, when excited, being in a 
perpendicular line with the root of the tail. It 
should neither be set on too high nor too low. 


When not excited it is carried gaily, and a little 
above the level of the body. 

Legs. — The fore-legs short, with immense muscu- 
lar development and bone, set wide apart, the chest 
coming well down between them. The feet well 
formed, arid not fiat, with very strong brown or dark- 
coloured claws. Bandy legs and flat feet are objec- 
tionable, but may be avoided — the bandy legs by 
the use of splints when first noticed, and the flat 
feet by exercise, and a dry bed and floor to kennel. 
The hair on the fore-legs and feet of a blue dog 
should be tan, varying according to the body 
colour from a rich tan to a pale fawn ; of a 
Mustard dog they are of a darker shade than its 
head, which is a creamy white. In both colours 
there is a nice feather, about two inches long, rather 
lighter in colour than the hair on the fore-part of 
the leg. The hind legs are a little longer than the 
fore ones, and are set rather wide apart, but not 
spread out in an unnatural manner, while the feet 
are much smaller ; the thighs are well developed. 
and the hair of the same colour and texture as the 
fore ones, but having no feather or dew-claws ; the 
whole claws should be dark, but the claws of all 
vary in shade according to the colour of dog's 

Coat. — This is a very important point : the hair 


should be about two inches long, that from skull to 
root of tail a mixture of hardish and soft hair, which 
gives a sort of crisp feel to the hand. The hard 
should not be wiry ; the coat is what is termed pily, 
or pencilled. The hair on the under part of the 
body is lighter in colour and softer than that on 
the top. The skin on the belly accords with the 
colour of the dog. 

Colour. — The colour is pepper or mustard. The 
pepper colour ranges from a dark bluish black to a 
light silvery grey, the intermediate shades being 
preferred, the body colour coming well down the 
shoulder and hips, gradually merging into the leg 
colour. The Mustards vary from a reddish brown 
to a pale fawn, the head being a creamy white, the 
legs and feet of a shade darker than the head. The 
claws are dark, as In other colours. [Nearly all 
Dandle Dinmont terriers have some white on the 
chest, and some have also white claws.] 

Size. — The height should be from eight to 
eleven inches at the top of shoulder. Length 
from top of shoulder to root of tail should not 
be more than twice the dog's height, but prefer- 
ably one or two inches less. 

Weight. — From 14 lb. to 24 lb.; the best weight 
as near i S lb. as possible. These weights are for 
dogs in good working order. 



The relative values of the several points in the 
Standard are as follow ; — 

Head, . . . 
Eyes, . . . . 
Ears, . . . . 
Neck, .... 
Body,. . . . 
TaU, .... 
Legs and feet, . 





Coat, 15 

Colour, 5 

Size and weight, ... 5 

General appearance, . . 5 

Total, 100 




The SutuUrd of Excellence aloae is not conclusive ss to iriul u 
or ii not at Dindie — Pedigree, u a proof of true bceeding, and lis 
value to the breeder — The outward chaiBctcrisIics o( the pare 
breed as recognised by the old breeders, and laid dovn in the 
Standard ofihe Dajidie Dinmoot Club, amplified. 

The Standard of Excellence thus drawn up by the 
Dandie Dinmont Terrier Club, while in a way an 
exhaustive analysis of the points of the Pepper and 
Mustard race, is not however in itself sufficient to 
determine what is or is not a Dandie, for by skilful 
breeding it is possible to produce (and there have 
been produced) dogs which seemingly answer to 
the Standard's description, but which, nevertheless, 
are most certainly noi Dandies. When I say this 
I anticipate the expostulations which many will 
make against an opinion which seems to involve a 
paradox. I will, however, endeavour to explain 
my meaning. 

Although, as I have said, you may have a dog 
answering in its points fairly well to the Standard's 
description of a Dandie, yet that dog may want 


altogether the true Dandie ' character.' Here, 
again, I think I hear the exclamation, ' Character ! 
' what is that ?' and I may at once admit that I 
cannot in so many words inform my readers what 
' character ' is, although I hope to be able indirectly 
to convey my meaning. 

For example, the distinction to the eye of a 
connoisseur in art between a genuine painting by 
one of the old masters and a copy executed by a 
skilful copyist is at once apparent, although to the 
eye of one not skilled in art the copy is as good 
as the original, nay, it is possibly thought better ! 
The difference between original and copy however 
exists as unmistakably to the trained eye as the 
difference between chalk and cheese is to the eye 
of a grocer, yet who could write down a formula 
which would enable any one to distinguish between 
the genuine and the clever copy ? The difference 
exists, yet is indescribable, and, like distinctions 
of style in literature, and such occult subjects, to 
be understood and appreciated must be studied 
under the best authorities, and the one carefully 
compared with the other. 

Now the case of the Dandie Dinmont terrier is 
much like that of works of art, for it is possible to 
have two terriers to the eye of the uninitiated appa- 
rently identical, yet the expert pronounces one to be 


a Dandie, the other only a clever copy. It is indeed 
occasionally difficult to lay one's finger on any 
particular point in a dog, and say, ' Here the impure 
' blood is to be seen cropping out;' but while even 
the expert may be unable to do this, yet he will 
confidently quote the lines, ' The reason why I 
'cannot tell, but I don't like thee. Dr. Fell," — an 
admittedly insufficient reason, but one which never- 
theless may be sound. The proof, however, which 
can be offered in support of the expert's dictum as to 
the indescribable ' something ' (which he sees plainly 
enough), and which constitutes the one to be a pure- 
bred Dandie, and the other a mongrel, is that of ' pedi- 
* gree.' And here, too, I desire not to be misunder- 
stood, for 1 quite sympathise with those who ask what 
manner of proof it is to say, in support of an assertion 
of the purity of any particular dog as a Dandie, that 
he is by so-and-so's 'Jock' out of somebody else's 
' Jenny," and so on ad infinitum, when nothing is 
known of either ' so-and-so,' or the ' somebody else,' 
and still less of their dogs. But when one can show 
such pedigrees as had the terriers of Mr. Somner, 
Mr. James Scott, Mr. E. Bradshaw Smith, and other 
old and known breeders, and which you can trace 
back in known hands direct to James Davidson. 
Hindlee, then I do say that ' pedigree' is invaluable, 
and supplies the proof to support the 'character' 



seen in the really pure-bred Dandie. Such pedi- 
grees, I say, are invalia,ble to the breeder, for by 
them he knows when mating the parents what to 
expect in the produce, for the pedigreed parent is 
the result of long years of patient and systematic 
breeding, and has the t)'pe of a long list of care- 
fully selected ancestors indelibly stamped upon its 
form. The effect of pedigree,' i.e. purity of race, 
in breeding with mixed blood is, that to a great 
extent the characteristics of the pure-bred parent 
will be reproduced in the offspring, for it has a 
fixed type to throw to, while the mongrel, having 
half a dozen varieties in its composition, has not 
the same power of individual reproduction. 

Breeding from unpedigreed parents, however 
excellent these may individually be as specimens of 
the breed they purport to be, is entirely a lottery, 
and the produce may resemble any one of the half- 
dozen different types of which it is composed. With 
parents of good pedigree it is quite otherwise, for 
even if they are not individually as handsome in 
appearance as the ' pretenders,' yet they will to a 
certainty produce offspring showing the character- 
istics of the pure breed to which they belong. 

Thus to the breeder of the Dandie Dinmont 
terrier (as with any other pure-bred stock) a 
genuine pedigree is invaluable. In the show ring, 



of course, it is quite otherwise, for there a dog 
must be judged entirely by his appearance, the 
judge depending on his own eyes alone in forming 
an opinion on the merits of the animals brought 
before him in competition. 

To get back, however, to the question of what 
is the true 'character' of the Dandie Dinmont 
(which is to be observed in certain outlines and de- 
tails of formation, quality, and texture of coat, style 
of top-knot, cast of countenance or ' expression,' 
carriage, and general bearing, all of which to the 
eye of the expert conveys much, and enable him 
to draw the distinctions between the pure and 
the spurious Dandie), the following supplemental 
remarks (taking the points in the order of the 
' Standard ') may perhaps be not out of place. 

Head. — While the skull should be round and 
well domed, it should not peak at the back in 
the fashion of a blood-hound's head. When I see 
in a terrier, purporting to be a Dandie, great de- 
velopment of the occipital protuberance. I think 
of 'Stonehenge' and his Dachshund theory. Some 
have insisted that the Dandie should have a very 
large and broad head. Mr. James Scott of New- 
stead on this point wrote :' ' The pure Dandie has 
' not at all a broad head ; the head is a large one, 

' See the FiHd of 4th December 1869. 


' but it is rather a long one than a broad one;' Mr. 
Bradshaw Smith says :' ' The bead hanJ^mmf and 
' laige, but not out of proportioo to die sixe d Ac 
' dog. Many inof^;rds have modi laigcr heads than 
' the pure-bred Dandie Dinmoot ; ' and it is to be 
remembered that the bead-covering, or, as it is 
technically called, the ' ti^knot,' makes the head 
appear larger than it really is. The head, though 
largish, must not be heavy and duli4ooking, but be 
of smart terrier formation. 

Muzzle and Mouth. — The muzzle should be rather 
deep than broad (but not heavy-looking), and 
should start from the skull distinctly, — not taper- 
ing too much from its base towards the nose. 
Over- and under-shot ' mouths ' are, unfortunately, 
not uncommon among Dandies, and appear in 
strains of the 'bluest blood.' and although very 
objectionable, when the fault is so great as to 
spoil the contour of the head, or detract from the 
utility of the terrier as a workman, are not to be 
considered any sign of impurity of breed, uneven 
mouths having been known in the breed from 
the earliest times.' Breeders, however, would 
do well if they would avoid as much as possible 
very defective mouths, and ' put down ' such pups 

■ See Mr. E. B, Smith't notei on Ihe D. D. Terrier Club's SUndud of 
Eicellence, in Thi Cmntry of Itt June 1876. 

■ Vi4t the CMC of ' Scbiui ' from Hbdlee, mentioned it page 45. 



as do not promise to have comparatively good 
mouths; for if the pup is allowed to grow up to 
dog's estate it goes against one's heart to destroy 
an animal which probably, except as to its mouth, 
is a fine specimen of its race, and may also be one 
which by that time has acquired a hold on its 
owner's affections. A slight pig-jaw does very 
occasionally grow more level as the pup grows 
older, but as a rule it shows more as the pup grows, 
and so to avoid all temptation to breed from a 
' P'S&y ' '^' ^^^ uneven-mouthed pup be destroyed as 
soon as the defect (if very bad) is discovered. Jaws, 
if much ' under-hung,' are, if possible, worse than a 
' swine-mouth,' and when very bad are apt, if accom- 
panied with a narrow skull and short muzzle, to give 
a mean look to the wearer's face. The remark as 
to putting down badly swine-mouthed pups applies 
also in the case of 'under-hung' pups, when the 
fault is great; but I may here remark that in many 
cases defective mouths cannot be noticed until the 
pup is some weeks old, and in under-hung mouths, 
when the fault is slight, often not until some months 
old. Regarding this vexed question of level mouths, 
I may perhaps be allowed to say here that it has 
always seemed to me to be absurd that a dog should 
be passed over in the show ring solely on account 
of his being slightly (often very slightly) over- or 


under-shot. If the defect is so slight as not to 
impair the dog's usefulness as a workman, then 
it seems to me that the fault should only count 
against him in the same way as a curled tail, or 
badly shaped or carried ears, or pale eyes, would 
do, viz., so many points should be deducted for the 
defect On the other hand, if the defect is so bad 
as to prevent the dog being able to hold and kill 
vermin, then, and then alone, should he be passed 
over, whatever may be his other good points. I 
may say that I have seen dogs, some slightly over- 
and others slightly under-shot, that yet could hold 
and kill vermin quite as well as any level-mouthed 
terrier could do. Other points however being equal, 
the level-mouthed dog should certainly be placed 
before the uneven-mouthed dog in the show ring. 

The large size of the teeth of the Dandie in 
comparison to his size is very noticeable. The face 
and jaws, however, are not like that of a crocodile, as 
once wrote a Birmingham judge,' but the develop- 
ment of the muscles which move the lower jaw is 
lai^e, and the holding and punishing power of the 
jaws of a Dandie are therefore very considerable. 
I would point out, however, that ^ fine muzzle does 
not necessarily imply weakness of jaw. Strength 
of jaw and punishing power come from the muscles 

' See Mr. C. Collins' letter in the Field of glli January 1869. 


which lie further back, and do not lie in the muzzle 
itself. Hence strong muscular development, com- 
bined with a comparatively fine muzzle, gives greater 
holding and punishing power than where the jaws 
are merely large and the muscles which work them 

The inside of the mouth should be black, or 
at any rate dark- coloured, and free from light 

The Nose should be black. ' Cherry ' or flesh- 
coloured noses, however, were occasionally seen in 
the breed, I have ascertained, long ago, although 
always scarce. Some breeders have maintained 
that the ' Cherry ' nose was introduced about the 
year 1 840 through a certain alleged ' Russian ' dog. 
Of the breeding of this dog nothing is known, but 
Mr. Somner, writing in 1849. says, he 'belonged 
' to a person in Dalkeith, weight 18 lbs. and re- 
' puted very game. He caught an otter in the Esk, 
' pulled him out of the water, and worried him in 
' presence of at least 1000 {sic) individuals. He 
' was a beautiful dog, and resembled the Dandie 
* Dinmont breed very much." I suspect that this 
dog had more of the old-fashioned Bedlington in 
his composition than anything ' Russian," although 
probably he was a ' travelled' dog, — in the sense 
that he had made a voyage abroad. 


Mr. James Ailken, Edinburgh, informs me he re- 
members seeing this dog at Melrose long ago; that 
he was not unlike a liver-coloured BedHngton, with 
pale salmon-coloured eyes and red nose ; and that a 
lot of his progeny, which were very game, got about 
the country-side. There is no doubt that the 
so-called ' Russian ' was used by some breeders to 
cross with their terriers, but both Mr. Somner and 
Mr. Aitken assured me that all the leading breeders 
had been very careful to avoid using any dogs in 
breeding which were tainted with this cross. 

Hugh Purves, Leaderfoot, on the other hand, 
attributed the appearance of chestnut Dandies with 
flesh-coloured noses to the use of red bull-dogs in 
crossing Dandies for the purpose of getting deter- 
mination and staunchness in taking punishment from 
large vermin, but here again I find that Mr. James 
Scott, Mr. James Aitken, and other old breeders, 
repudiate any taint of bull blood, saying that, while 
they know some breeders tried such a cross, it 
was a great mistake, did no good to the breed, 
and was, therefore, studiously avoided by careful 

There seems altogether to be no doubt (indeed 
there is proof) that now and again, and apart from 
any occasional possible crossings with such as the 
'Russian' or bull-dog, these chestnut or liver- 


coloured Dandies, with pale eyes and flesh noses, 
did appear in even the purest strains, but they 
always seem to have been scarce, and, not being 
appreciated, were seldom bred from, or kept. In 
all probability this chestnut colour was merely a 
successful effort of Nature to throw back to the 
common stock from which have sprung, as I 
believe, both the Dandie Dinmont and the Bedling- 
ton Temer. That these terriers should have had a 
common origin may sound unwelcome to some ears, 
but there seems to be no reason to doubt it. The 
early history of both breeds traces back to the 
Coquetdale district, and the points of resemblance 
between these now totally distinct breeds was very 
much stronger long ago than now. The Bedling- 
ton of early times was of a stouter build and some- 
what lower in the leg than his modem representative, 
and altogether more closely resembled the Dandie ; 
but speed being considered desirable, breeders have 
gradually departed from the old type, and inclined 
to a lighter-built dog. Further, while there may 
still exist plenty pure-bred Bedlingtons, this desire 
for speed has in many cases resulted in the breed 
being crossed by the Northumbrian and Durham 
miners with ' whippets,' and other speedy dogs, for 
coursing and racing purposes, which has greatly 
helped to alter its original type. The 'liver' or 


chestnut colour has always been a prevailing and 
accepted colour in the Bedlington race, but this 
colour has nowadays almost entirely disappeared 
from the Dandie Dinmont family, where it was never 
appreciated nor encouraged. I do, however, know 
of an instance or two where the chestnut colour has 
comparatively recently cropped out, — only, how- 
ever, to be consigned to the pail. 

The colour of the nose of the Dandie Dinmont 
should therefore be black. 

The ridge of the muzzle, for about an inch behind 
the nose and towards the eyes, should look bare of 
hair i the bare part being darkish in colour corre- 
sponds with the dark ears, the darkish shade under 
the eyes, and the deep tint of the eyes themselves, 
— and gives a gipsy game expression to the face. 
If the muzzle is examined closely, however, it will 
be found that while the ridge looks bare of hair, 
it is really covered with very short fine hair of a 
somewhat different texture from that on the jaws. 
No amount of faking can produce the real Dandie 
muzzle, and a judge of the breed should be able 
to identify this characteristic of the breed at a 

The Eyes should be full and expressive, — the 
colour of the iris being a dark hazel (if possible, so 
dark as to seem black at a little distance), and this 


whatever the colour of the dog. excepting always in 
the case of the ' Chestnuts ' before referred to, whose 
eyes are of a pale yellowish colour. With this 
exception, the eyes should invariably be dark hazel. 
Mr. Nicol Milne of Faldonside used to insist 'on 
' the large dark eye (not the tawny light hazel so 
' commonly met with in many so-called Dandies) as 
' a true characteristic of the genuine breed.'' The 
favourite eye is, I am bound to confess, not so often 
seen nowadays as it should be. 

Carelessness in breeding, however, doubtless 
largely accounts for this. I remember being much 
struck, on first seeing the Blackwoodhouse kennel, 
with the fine eyes the most of Mr. Smith's terriers 
had. The effect of the dark melting brown eye 
(capable however of flashing fire when roused) 
looking out from beneath a silvery-white ' top-knot ' 
was charming. 

The Ears, although certainly coming under the 
denomination of ' large and pendulous,' should not 
be like to a hound's in miniature. To a slight 
extent, indeed, they vary in size in individual 
specimens, some being smaller, while others are 
larger. The ear to be aimed at, however, is as 
described in the Standard. The too small ear 
seldom hangs properly, while too large an ear 

' See T^e Fitid Qnarleily Rtoieiv for 1870. p. lo. 


gives a houndish look. The ' feather,' when 
abundant, sometimes makes the ears look larger 
and longer than they really are, but when there is 
little ' feather ' (which I greatly prefer), and the ear 
is covered only with short dark hair (which gives 
the ear the appearance of velvet), but having a nice 
white ' feather ' at the tip, it should not appear 
either very large or very long. The chief fault in 
many modem dogs is the breadth of the ear towards 
the tip. The true ear should be longish, but not 
very broad, narrowing sharply towards the tip, lying 
close in to the cheek, and set low on the head, and. 
while the front edge should run in a line ' straight 
' down from its junction with the head to the tip,' 
and not in a semicircular curve. ' the taper being 
' mostly on the back part." the ear should not hang 
quite straight down, but should incline slightly 
forwards towards the eye. 

The illustration given of Mr. J. B, Richardson's 
' Shem ' shows the correct type of the head of the 
Dandle Dinmont terrier.' 

The Tail, although carried ' houndily' should not 
be a hound's tail. It should be in character more 
'Scotch terrier' than hound. It should be strong 
and thick at the root, coming to a comparatively 

' 'Shem' (whelpeH 1S70, dle^l lSg,l) v 
tilky head ; weight 19 lb. 

s dark grey and lan, wiih light 


fine point at the tip. Grasping the tail in one 
hand at the root, and placing the other hand im- 
mediately behind the first, the difference in the 
thickness of the parts of the tail in the two hands 
should be very noticeable, the portion in the hand 
nearest the tip being very much thinner than that 
in the hand next the root. The hair on the tail 
should be perhaps a little harder than that on the 
body, that on the upper side being similar to or 
darker in colour than that on the back, while on the 
under side it should be tan. The tail should be set 
on neither too high nor too low on the back, and 
be carried gaily like ' the sabre of my sire.' The 
shorter and straighter the tail is, the better. 

The Legs. — The fore-legs should certainly be 
short and strong, but care should be taken in this, 
as in all other points, that this characteristic should 
not be exaggerated. If the fore-legs are reduced 
to mere ' stumps ' {as I have seen them), the dog 
can hardly get about, and his use as an all-round 
vermin dog is much curtailed. Mr. Nicol Milne of 
Faldonside did not object to his dogs being ' a 
' little leggy," which meant, I take it, that he did not 
think badly of a dog If it were a trifle ' ]eggy,'yor a 
Dandle, but which otherwise showed good breeding. 
Some difference of opinion formerly existed as to 
whether the fore-legs should be bent or straight. 


Mr. F. Somner of Kelso says they ' should be bent 
' inward at the ankle, and the toes turned out,' con- 
sidering this to be ' one of the natural points of a 
' Dandie, which is intended to work like a mole 
' underground, pushing the earth on either side 
■ and leaving a passage for the body.' It is 
now, however, almost universally admitted that the 
straighter the fore-legs are the better, but it will 
be found, on examining the straightest legged pure- 
bred Dandies that Mr. Somner's description is 
accurate, although the legs are not badly enough 
bent to constitute ' bandy ' legs. The comparative 
broadness of the chest and shortness of the fore- 
legs necessitates a slight turning out of the feet, 
and from this cause badly-reared pups often get 
sadly twisted in the fore-legs. Utility in a vermin 
dog must never be lost sight of; and therefore the 
practically, though not literally, straight fore-legs 
with good bone and firm feet, is the most desirable 
form both for activity and for endurance in a hard 
day's work, and this form should be striven for in 

The Coat, — This is 'a very important point/ as 
the Club rule puts it, and a never-ending source of 
distress to the Dandie breeder. It cannot be too 
distinctly understood that the Dandie Dinmont 
terrier is not a hard or broken-haired terrier, as 



some modern fanciers would appear to think. The 
Dandie is certainly a rough-coated dog, but the coat, 
while abundant, must not be too profuse. Too 
sparse a coat, on the other hand, is quite as bad a 
fault as (nay, worse than) a too abundant one. In 
fact, there is a mean in this particular, as in every- 
thing, and extremes in either direction are to be 
avoided. All this applies to the head-covering or 
' top-knot," as well as to the body coat As the 
Club rule says, the hair on the back of the neck 
and upper part of the body should undoubtedly be 
a ' mixture of about two-thirds rather hard (but 

* not wiry), with one-third soft, linty, not silky, hair. 

• which gives a sort of crisp feeling to the hand, 
' and constitutes what old John Stoddart used to 
' term a "pily" coat.' The coat should not 'shed' 
down the back, but should lie in ' pencils.' This is 
caused from the under coat being mostly soft hair, 
through which the longer and harder hair comes in 
tufts, the whole forming a coat capable of with- 
standing wet and cold, and drying rapidly after 
being wet. 

Of late years there has been too great a tendency 
to try to breed the Dandie with an entirely hard 
coat, and specimens of this type are to be seen at 
shows whose coats are composed entirely of short 
hard hair, without any admixture or undergrowth 



of soft hair, and invariably accompanied by de- 
ficiency if not total absence of ' top-knot.' This is 
quite a mistake. The original breed had the mixed 
coat, and breeders should endeavour to stick to the 
old type. Reference to the etching of the head 
and neck of the famous ' May-day," bred in 1836, 
and sold by Mr. D. M'Dougall, Cessford, to Mr. 
E. Bradshaw Smith, in whose possession she died, 
will exemplify this. 'May-day's' head' was un- 
fortunately very badly stuffed, the true form and 
type of her head being completely lost, and to 
this has to be added nearly forty years' shrinkage, 
dust, and decay, all of which make the illustration 
here given of comparatively little worth, save for 
showing the style of coat of the old breed. The 
hair, however, remains as nature made it, and 
the illustration is given solely with the view of 
illustrating the style of 'top-knot,' etc., and not as 
showing the true type of the Dandie Dinmont's 

Now, in the present day the advocates of the 
hard coat will think that 'May-day' shows too 
profuse a coat, and that the quality of the hair 
inclines too much to the soft side ; but there she is 

^ Id case of any misapprehension is to this iilustration, I would explain that 
011I7 the head and a few Inches of neck exist In the stuffed remains of ' Mmy' 
* daj,' Oflhesc theaitist hasgirenan exact likeness; thereat of the illnslra- 
tion ii Imaginary, and filled in [o give meaning and life to the stuffed remains. 


as evidence that the coat laid down by the Dandie 
Dinmont Club is the correct texture. 

In the matter of coat, however, it is well to re- 
member that coats vary considerably even in the 
same litter, and thus a few generations of careful 
breeding will get either hard or soft coats, accord- 
ing to the wishes of the breeder, as any one ex- 
perienced in such matters well knows. Thus too 
soft or too hard a coat must not be taken as of 
necessity implying impurity of blood, for the blood 
may be right enough, and the breeder be alone to 
blame, for his want of skill or opportunity in mating 
the progenitors of the too hard or too soft coated 
specimen. The original mixture of hardish and 
soft hair should always be aimed at by the breeder. 

On the tail, as has been mentioned, the hair 
should be stronger or harder than on the back, 
while on the top of the head it should be very soft 
and silky. I once heard a noted modem exhibitor 
of the Dandie say, regarding the head-covering, 'Oh, 
' bother the top-knot! What does a terrier want 
' with a top-knot ? Who cares whether it is there 
' or not ?' But a full head-covering (I don't much 
care for the term ' top-knot'), silvery white in colour 
and silky in texture, covering the wfwle of the top of 
tfu head, between the ears across, and from above 
the eyes (where the forelock grows, pointing for- 


wards over the base of the muzzle), to the back of 
the skull lengthways, and there ending abruptly^ 
like a 'coronet' (as Mr. F, Somner puts it), is an 
' unco affset' to a Dandle, and is moreover typical 
of the true breed. One often sees the forelock 
' plucked ' or otherwise trimmed away from the 
top-knots of Dandies at shows, which, instead of 
improving, spoils the appearance of the dog. The 
■ top-knot ' of the Dandie does not lie fiat on the 
head, but is inclined to stand up in slightly twisted 
locks or ' pencils,' pointing slightly forwards in front. 

One of the chief characteristics of the Dandie 
is to be seen in the full ' wig,' the dark lustrous 
eye, and the sharp outline of the bare muzzle, when 
the head is viewed in profile. 

The hair on the ear should be short and velvety 
in texture, and if possible dark brown {the darker 
the better) in colour, with a thin feather of silvery 
white hair of similar texture to that of the ' top- 
' knot ' fringing the tip. 

Before closing my remarks on the Coat of the 
Dandie Dinmont I would allude, and just allude, 
to the disgraceful manner in which Dandies 
are sometimes trimmed for exhibition purposes. 
There is no doubt that the evil exists to a con- 
siderable extent, and Mr. James Locke of Sel- 
kirk, a well-known judge of Dandies, deserved 


great credit for speaking out so boldly on this point 
when writing in The Kennel Gazette of July 1883. 
Mr. Locke observes, ' Before closing I should like to 
' add a few remarks on what appears to me to be a 
' growing evil, and one which, if not stopped in time, 
' may tend to frustrate most of the good brought 
' about by shows and the Dandie Dinmont Club. I 
' refer to dressing, brushing, trimming, or pulling, 
' call it what you like. As one who has shown and 

■ bred this breed, I trust my remarks will be met in 
' the same spirit in which they are offered : and, in 

■ the first place, I consider a dog ought to be shown 
' as near as possible in working condition, as distin- 
' guished from a washed drawing-room condition. 
' This being my standard, it becomes very difficult, 
' or rather more difficult, to adjudicate on the dif- 
' ferent dogs brought before one if some are In hard- 

■ working condition, some not touched, and evidently 
' not having been worked, while others are beauti- 
' fully got up by hard brushing, pulling, etc' I trust 
exhibitors will take these remarks to heart, and try 
to obtain the coat they desire their Dandies to have 
by breeding better dogs, and not by such paltry 
devices as pulling, shaving, etc. 

The colour of the Dandie Dinmont may be either 
' Pepper' or ' Mustard' of a lighter or darker shade, 
or a mixture of both. 


The ' Pepper ' and ' Mustard ' colours are as men- 
tioned in the Club's Standard of Excellence. There 
is, however, a colour of ' Pepper' of a brownish 
mousey shade, as also a variety combining both the 
Pepper and Mustard colours, in which case the 
' saddle' is usually ' Pepper,' while the tan comes high 
up on the legs and body. The occurrence of the 
' chestnut ' colour, referred to at page 99, is so very 
occasional as not to be classed as a distinct variety. 

Exactness in colour or markings is a 'fancy' 
point, and old breeders thought as much of the 
' saddle-backs' as the perfect ■ Peppers' or ' Mustards,' 
provided breeding, shapes, and gameness were 
otherwise good. Old John Stoddart's famous 
' Dandie i.,' and his son ' Dandie 11.,' were both 
'saddle-backs,' but in these exhibition days this 
variety is out of fashion, and in close competi- 
tion would, I fear, have to give way to the more 
decided colours, although a ' saddle-back ' ought 
not to be passed over solely on account of colour. 
It is perhaps as well to have both the traditional 
colours of 'Pepper' and 'Mustard' kept distinct 
in the individual specimen, that is, that a dog 
should either be a ' Pepper ' or a ' Mustard.' 
The ' top-knot ' of the Pepper should be silvery 
white, while the Mustard's head-covering should 
be creamy white in colour. 


The body colour should come well down on the 
shoulders and thighs, and the tan on the legs should 
be palish or fawn tan, and not the rich dark red 
mahogany tan of a Gordon setter. 

The ' saddle-back ' when two or three years old 
sometimes turns into a spurious ' Mustard,' the 
Pepper ' saddle ' gradually dying out. 

Dandie Dinmont pups when whelped are smooth 
in coat, the ' Peppers ' being black and tan in colour, 
the more intense the black (viz., the freer from 
white or grey hairs) the darker the Pepper will 
probably turn out. Sometimes — although the 
occasions are rare — Pepper pups are whelped of 
a silvery grey and tan colour, which with age 
generally grows darker. ' Mustards' are whelped 
practically all tan colour {some being darker and 
others lighter in shade), there being little difference 
noticeable between the body colour and that on 
the legs, excepting that the hairs on the back and 
tail are usually more or less tipped with black. 
The ears, tail, and muzzle in Mustard pups are 
also often quite black, and if with this the crown of 
the head is a deep golden colour, the pup will usually 
grow into a fine Mustard. ' Saddle-backs ' as pups 
are usually of a colour similar to the Peppers, but 
with more tan, the black body colour having a sort 
of fawn tint when seen in certain lights. 



It may be added that a little white on the chest 
is common and permissible. The toes are also 
occasionally tipped with a little white, but this is 
most commonly seen in young puppies, and gener- 
ally disappears in a few weeks or months. Too 
much white is however objectionable, and ought 
to be discouraged by avoiding breeding from 
dogs having too much white in their markings, 
tendencies of that sort taking every opportunity 
of reproducing themselves. 

Size and Weiglti. — Considerable diversity of 
opinion exists as to the proper size and weight of 
the Dandle Dinmont terrier. This has arisen to a 
considerable extent from the great number of half- 
bred dogs which have been bred and sold to those 
who did not know the true breed, as pure Peppers 
and Mustards. 

The favourite size in the original breed was how- 
ever undoubtedly small. Mr. James Scott of New- 
stead wrote,' ' If we allow Mr. Davidson to decide 
' the size and weight for us, none of them would 
' exceed i6 lb. He was not at all chary in asserting 
' that, if terriers were only made of the right stuff, 
' they could not be too small' Mr. Davidson's 
nephews wrote to the Field, in the course of the 
Dandie controversy, that the proper weight ran 

' See the Fitlio{i,ih December 1869, 


from 14 lb. to i8 lb. Mr. Francis Somner wrote, 
'Weight of the male from 14 to 20 lb., and the 
'female from 13 to 18 lb.' And again, 'I think 
' 24 lb. weight too heavy. My average was 15 lb., 
' and for every lb, less I valued them /^i more. 
'A fox weighs from 11 lb. to 17 lb., and any 
' practical sportsman will at once see that a dog 
' of 24 lb. could not work the earths.' ' Drygrange 
'Charlie.' the sire of 'Shem,' was only 12 lb., 
and ' Shem ' 14 lb. Those kept by the Hon. 
G. H, Baillie of Mellerstain, writes Mr. James 
Scott,' 'were small, often 14 lb., seldom above 
' 15 lb., and were most excellent at putting foxes 
' out of drains. Some of them, small as they were, 
' were unrivalled at badger. Those of Home of 
' Carolside were also got from James Davidson, 
' . . . and were equally game and determined. 
' Some of them only weighed 1 2 lb.' 

The bitch ' Nettle,' which Mr. Somner obtained 
from Hindlee, weighed only 1 1 lb. I need not 
however multiply examples on this point, as the 
above are, I think, sufficient to indicate the favourite 
size of the original Dandle. It must not be, on the 
other hand, too hastily assumed that because a dog 
is a tri^e on the heavy side of, say, 24 lb. weight, 
he must of necessity be impure, for in Dandies, as in 

> See the fiiM of i6th October 1869. 



all other animals, size and weight will vary a little 
in individuals. Care in breeding and rearing is 
required, as in all other points, to maintain any- 
thing like uniform weight. In the old days, 
undoubtedly, there were occasionally dogs of a 
somewhat large size bred, but these giants of 
their race, being too big for practical work, were 
of not much use, and so not highly valued, either 
as terriers or for the stud. In these modern times, 
when the great majority of Dandies are kept as 
companions, and not as mere vermin terriers, size 
does not matter so much, and consequently the 
' big ones ' have a greater chance than formerly of 
transmitting their size to posterity. 

' Stonehenge ■ (writing in 1859) states that the 
weight varies from 18 lb. to 24 lb. according to 
the strain, ' but the original Dandie was a heavy 
' dog,' a statement which is obviously erroneous in 
view of the particulars given above as to the 
favourite size with the sportsmen who used these 
terriers. There was indeed a strain of large 
terriers, similar in shape and colour to the pure 
Dandie, bred at Arks, Gateshaw, etc., but these 
were produced originally by crossing the pure 
Pepper and Mustard terrier with a big rough- 
haired ' otter terrier ' bitch, and had no claim to 
be ranked as true Dandles, although resembling 


that breed in all but size. ' Dandle Dinmont ' 
himself repudiated all but the small breed. 

It stands to reason, I think, that a terrier which 
was used originally chiefly for bolting fox and 
otter must have been of a size small enough to 
allow him to go to ground freely, and no Dandie 
much over 1 8 lb. weight can do this. 

The Dandie Dinmont Club therefore did wisely 
to restrict the maximum weight to 24 lb., — the 
weight to be aimed at being i8 lb., which allows of 
a dog having plenty of bone and yet to be small 
enough for ordinary practical work. This refers to 
dogs in good working condition. 

Mr. E. Bradshaw Smith, when remarking on the 
point of weight, dropped a useful enough hint to 
breeders, viz., that the heavy dogs ' are very useful 
' to give bone, muscle, and stamina to the produce 
' of the smaller ones,' but breeders must be careful 
not to impair the usefulness of the Dandie as a 
working terrier by breeding for too great bone 
and substance, as this makes the dog unwieldy in 
body, and slow in its movements, whereas the true 
Dandie should be active and smart on its legs and 
have a very flexible body. Had the Dandies of 
to-day more real work to do, the truth of this 
observation would at once be acknowledged, and 
the tendency to breed dogs of too great substance, 


and with too stout and short fore-legs, avoided. 
And here I would strongly impress upon the 
reader that the ' Dandie Dinmont * terrier is not, 
and never was, a ' fancy ' terrier, but owes its fame 
solely to his qualifications as a working terrier.. 
Breeders must therefore not allow themselves to be 
led away by ' fancy * points, and induced to breed 
terriers with what were originally desirable charac- 
teristics so exaggerated as to unfit them for practical 
work. A beauty exaggerated becomes a fault 



The tempenment of the Dandie Dinmont Tertier, uvd his capabilities 
as • venain dog and as a companioD. 

Having discussed the outward appearance of the 
Dandie, let us now consider his temper, pluck, and 
capabilities as a vermin dog and as a companion. 

The temper of the Dandie is as a rule unexcep- 
tionable. Usually a quiet, sedate, somewhat reserved 
dog, he is nevertheless a 'demon' when his blood 
is up. Much has been said and written for and 
against the pluck of the Dandie. My experience 
of the breed is that there is no more ' hard-bitten ' 
terrier than a well-entered Dandie. But when 
will some people, when talking or writing on 
this point, keep in remembrance that sensible 
observation of 'Dandie Dinmont' to Brown:* 'A 
' bonny terrier that, sir, and a fell chield at the 
' vermin, I warrant him — that is, if he's been weel 
' entered, for it a' lies in that'? And again : 'Beast 
' OT \>oAy , education should aye be minded ; I have six 
' terriers at home, Auld Pepper and Auld Mustard, 

' See Guy Alanmrmg. 


' Young Pepper and Young Mustard, and Little 
' Pepper and Little Mustard; ... I had them a' 
' regularly entered : first wi' rottens, then wi' stots 
' or weasels, and then wi' the tods and brocks — 
' and now they fear naething that ever cam' wi' a 
' hairy skin on 't' 

Sir Walter knew what he was about when he 
penned these lines, and no advice could be sounder 
or more tersely put th^n ' Beast or body, education 
should aye be minded' 

It must, however, be frankly admitted that many 
Dandies are ' shy ' dogs when young, and the better 
bred they are the more this is sometimes the case. 
The reason is not far to seek. Every highly-bred 
animal is more 'nervous' — i.e. hjis nerves more 
highly strung or more sensitive — than coarser-bred 
animals, but, although more ' nervous,' it does not 
necessarily follow that at heart they are not just as 
plucky. Indeed, the reverse is usually the case. 
The difference between the temperament of a 
thorough-bred horse and that of a cart-bred horse 
will explain my meaning. 

There is also no doubt of the fact that the 
really pure-bred Dandie of to-day is a considerably 
' inbred ' animal, which tends to cause this sensi- 
tiveness. Mr. Laverack may with his strain of 
setters have been able, by his great knowledge of 


his subject, for a time to inbreed to an extent 
previously unknown, but there is no room for doubt 
that inbreeding, unless conducted in a most intelli- 
gent manner {z.e. by crossing 'out' whenever any 
weakness shows), must end in degeneracy either 
of body or mind, or both. But while the Dandie 
is often shy when young, he seldom turns out so 
bashful when fully grown, if properly entered. 
' Stonehenge ' once wrote ^ that ' sometimes a 
' Dandie pup of a good strain may appear not to be 
' game at an early age ; but he should not be parted 
' with on that account, because many of them do not 
' show their courage till nearly two years old, and 
* then nothing can beat them ; this apparent softness 
' arising, as I suspect, /rom h'ndness of Aeari ' — to 
which Dr. John Brown, in his usual happy manner, 
added," — ' a suspicion, my dear "Stonehenge," which 
' is true, and shows your own "kindness of heart," 
' as well as sense.' This kindly disposition of the 
Dandie, coupled with the fact that, \{ wanted, there 
is within him ' devil ' enough to make him face 
anything, constitutes, to my mind, the very essence 
of what is required in a terrier. But there is one fault 
to this otherwise excellent character, for, altlwugh 
lie is often siow to rouse, once roused, he is difficult 

' S«e 'Stonehenge/ lit Edition, iSjg. 
' Hora Subteciva, qnoted ante. 


to restrain ; the more punishment he gets, the more 
determined he becomes, and he never forgives ' an 
' insult ' nor loses an opportunity of avenging it 
He also takes a ' deal of killing,' and one accus- 
tomed to the breed knows how often when a fight 
first arises the Dandie seemingly gets the worst of 
it, but waits quietly for the moment when the 
Dandie (which, most likely, has all this time been 
lying fighting on his back) shall arise, and proceed 
to demolish ' the enemy ' with his powerful jaws, his 
antagonist having most likely only succeeded in filling 
his mouth with hair, and being completely 'blown.' 
The late Mr. Bradshaw Smith, in the letter to the 
Field of 17th November 1877, before referred to, 
wrote as to the temper and pluck of the Dandie, 
as follows,^ viz : 'I consider the animal as naturally 
' good-tempered, but, when once roused, he is ready 
' to seize hold of anything within reach. When I 
' first kept these dogs, I was ignorant of their 
' extremely excitable nature, and had many killed 
' from time to time in fights either in the kennels 
* or at the entrance of rabbit-holes ; in short, when 
' once their blood is up, they become utterly un- 
' manageable. On this account, for years past 
' (though I keep a number), I do not allow more 
' than one dog and one bitch in a kennel, but some- 

' See Ihe Fieldal 17th November 1877. 


' times one dog and two bitches if very hannonious. 

• The first I had worried, many years ago, was a 
' beautiful little fellow, 14 lb. weight, bred by Mr. 
' Kerss (Bowhill), from a sister of Stoddart's Old 
' Dandie, and his own Old Pepper. He was killed 

■ in the night-time by another of my dogfe, to my 
' great annoyance. When 1 mentioned the circum- 
' stance to Mr. Kerss, he informed me that during 
' the time this little animal belonged to him he had 

■ worried some of his, amongst the number a New- 
' foundland pup six months old. Yet it is by no 
' means always the most excitable and pugnacious 
' animal that stands the severest test, viz., to face 

• alone two badgers at once, and fasten upon one of 
' them, whilst the other in turn attacks him, as I 
' have known very many to do. For my part, I 
' prefer the dog who encounters his antagonist 
' coolly, and without any fuss.' 

Mr. Robert White, in his letters to ' Rab'' before 
alluded to, says, in speaking of the Dandies he re- 
membered seeing at Ned Dunn's of the Whitelee, 
at the head of Redesdale, long ago : ' They seemed 
' at first when out of doors to be shy, timid things, 
' and would liave slunk away from a fierce collie 
' dog, but if he seized one of them, and the blood of 
' the little creature got up, it just took a hold of him 

* See llara Saiiechne, b]r Dr. Jolin Bi\:nit, ijuotal aiilt. 


' in a biting place, and held on, never quitting till 
' he found to his cost he had caught a tartar." The 
Border Sportsman, before quoted, says : ' ' The 
' breed was certainly the most game and deter- 
' mined dog in existence. As proof of this I may 
' mention that I have frequently seen one of these 
' little creatures seize an otter while in the water, 
' and go down with, and remain clinging to it for a 
' length of time perfectly wonderful to witness.' 

The character thus given to the Dandie by Mr. 
E, Bradshaw Smith, Mr. White, Border Sportsman, 
and others, is precisely what may be said of him at 
the present day, if properly entered, 'for it a lies 
' in i/iat.' 

Pups should not be entered until they are about 
a year old, unless of a very forward disposition. 
Of course one often finds a plucky pup which will, 
with only its milk-teeth in, tackle a rat, but it is un- 
fair, to my mind, to ask any young pup, before it 
is old enough to know what it all means, to face a 
savage old grey rat, however plucky the pup may be. 

When the year-old pup, however, has been duly 
entered to rats, and understands what is wanted of 
him, he can be promoted to bigger ' game ' as age 
and experience warrant, and opportunity offers. 

In the olden time one could always get a badger, 

' See the /"ifW of joih January 1869. 


but the barbarous practice is now very properly 
vetoed. Still the terrier must be entered if he is to 
be of any use as a vermin dog, — nay more, if the 
education of a race of terriers is neglected for some 
generations, their capacities as vermin dogs may be- 
come greatly impaired, for there can be little doubt 
that mental as well as physical characteristics are 
hereditary, viz., transmissible from parent to off- 
spring ; — and if the pluck of your terriers has not 
been tested, then you run the risk of breeding from 
a coward, whose mild disposition may be inherited 
by his progeny ; — and so, without being supposed 
to have any sympathies with the 'baiting' of any 
animal, I may give the following hint on the enter- 
ing of the Dandie Dinmont to ' big game ': — 

The first thing to do when you get a new dog is 
to make friends with him before you try his gameness 
at vermin, as a dog, however plucky, is the better 
for the moral support of his greatest friend, his 
master, in taking severe punishment It is a 
mistake to expect any terrier, however game, to 
tackle large vermin without first having been, as 
' Dandie Dinmont' put it, ' regularly entered : first 
' wi' rottens, then wi' stots or weasels, and then wi' 
' the tods and brocks.'— in other words, a dog must 
be gradually brought up to so high a standard of 
terrier proficiency as to face fox or badger without 



flinching, and cannot be rushed to the top of the 
tree all at once. Never try a dog at big vermin 
until he is from eighteen months to two years old. 
Remember a badger, fox, otter, or even an old 
'torn' cat, is an awkward customer for even an 
experienced fighter, and inflicts very severe punish- 
ment on the dog. The badger usually bites the 
dog in the throat, not using his claws much. 
Foxes also bite very hard. The Dandie will how- 
ever, when properly handled, face either fox or 
badger with the greatest determination. He is, 
indeed, particularly good under ground, where he 
seems to fear no foe, and will take punishment 
under ground that few other dogs would face. 

As a general rule, all terriers require some train- 
ing in the matter of going long to ground, for many 
a dog will 'go in ' gamely above ground, which will 
hesitate to go up a long wet drain or earth, and 
tackle ' bogie' in the dark. Small size and a large 
heart are the two essentials for a good ' terrar ' or 
'earthe dogge,' and if only ' Barkis is willin' there 
is little difficulty in teaching to go freely to ground. 
The pure-bred Dandie has the qualifications neces- 
sary, and is second to none as a workman under 
ground. It also follows its game well in the water, 
to which it takes freely ; and is equally good for 
river-side or covert hunting. 



Mr. Somner, indeed, considers the Dandie 
Dinmont superior to all other terriers as a work- 
man underground, maintaining that no other 
terrier shows such determination, or will take so 
much punishment underground from large vermin. 
In his large experience he has even occasionally 
seen young Dandies, which would face fox and 
badger in the most determined way under ground, 
while above ground they seemed somewhat shy of 
doing so. As an example of this peculiarity, he 
relates how on one occasion he had a young dog, 
which he was anxious to try at big vermin. One 
day his groom came to tell him that when coming 
homewards he had seen a fox go to ground in a 
drain at the side of the road. As it was not 
far off, Mr. Somner and his servant started for 
the spot, taking with them a spade, a sack, and 
the young dog. The groom had wisely placed a 
big stone on the mouth of the drain, which was 
quite a shallow one through to the adjoining field. 
The moment the stone was removed the terrier 
went in, and immediately was heard exchanging 
high words with the fox. After ascertaining the 
exact lie of the drain by putting down a long twig, 
Mr. Somner and his servant proceeded to dig down 
on the combatants. They reached the dog first, 
and diggjing down further on, the groom succeeded 


in ' tailing ' the fox, and drew him out of the drain 
with the terrier hanging on to him in the most 
determined way. The fox was with some difficulty 
sacked and carried home. On the way home the 
groom remarked to Mr. Somner that he could 
not have believed that the young dog had so much 
pluck in him as to face a savage fox under ground. 
Mr. Somner took the opportunity to give the man 
a practical lesson on the nature of the Dandie. 

Reaching home, he made the groom carry the fox 
into an empty byre. The young terrier was then 
brought into the byre, when the fox was turned out 
of the sack. The moment the great red wild brute 
was let loose — all ears, hair, and brush, bounding 
like an india-rubber ball up the walls in frantic 
endeavours to escape — the terrier's stem sank, and 
he could not be induced to look at the fox, far less 
to tackle him. Remember always that it was the 
first fox the dog had ever seen. The groom's 
astonishment and disgust were great. ' To think,' 
he said, ' that that dog was less than an hour ago 
' fighting that very fox like a good 'un, and under 
' ground too ! I wouldn't ha'e believed it if I hadn't 
' seen it mysel'.' 

Mr. Somner then made the groom bring in the 
badger box, — a long nine foot wooden drain, which 
was covered over with litter, leaving only the mouth 



exposed. The fox was then chased round the byre, 
when he at once went to ' ground ' in the badger 
box. Mr. Somner then took up the young dog in 
his arms, and fondled him, and carrying him to the 
mouth of the box set him down before it, holding 
him by the tail and encouraging him to go in, but 
always drawing him back again. The dog's eye 
kindled, and, with the knowledge that he was 
' backed ' by his master, he dashed into the box on 
being let go, and in a few minutes pulled out the 
fox by the 'scruff o' his neck,' The groom again 
' wouldn't ha'e believed it if he hadn't seen it himsel'.' 

From the above anecdote it will be seen that 
much depends on the owner of the dog how he 
turns out, and that there is a great deal in knowing 
the temper of a dog and how to handle him. 

I should perhaps here say that, as a general rule, 
bitches will not stand so severe tests as dogs at 
big vermin. 

Mr. Robert White, in writing to Dr. John 
Brown,' gives the following amusing account of 
what once happened to the veritable ' Dandie 
' Dinmont ' himself when entering some of his young 
terriers, which may not be out of place here : — 

' Davidson wanted a cat from some of the cottages 
■ at a distance from Hindlee, that he might have the 

' See Horn Sttkitirvj, quoted anti. 




' young dogs tried upon it. One of his shepherds 
' chanced to call at Andrew Telfer's house, where 
' he saw baudrons sitting on the end of a dresser 
' near the door ; and the house being low and dark, 
' he swept her into his plaid-neuk on going out, and 
' carried her home. Next morning she was intro- 
' duced to a covered drain, which ran across the 
' road, the said drain being closed up at one end, 
' whereby she was compelled to give battle to her 
' foes. A young terrier was the first to oppose her, 
' and paid for its rashness by retreating from the 
' drain with the skin almost torn from its nose. 

* Another of the same age met with the same punish- 
' ment, and Davidson, considerably irritated, brought 
' forward Tar, the old dame, who, by her age and 

• experience, he considered, would be more than a 
' match for the cat There was sore fighting for a 
' time, till again Puss was victorious, and Tar with- 
' drew from the conflict in such a condition that her 
' master exclaimed, " Confoond the cat, she 's tumlit 
' "an e'e ooto' the bitch!" which indeed was the case. 
' " Tak awa the stanes frae the tap o' the cundy," 
' said Davidson, " and we *I1 ha'e her worried at 
' "ance." The stoneswereremoved.and out leapt the 
' cat in the middle of her enemies. Fortunately for 
' her, however, it happened that a stone wall was con- 
' tinned up the side of the road, which she instantly 


' mounted, and. running along the top thereof, with 
' the dogs in full cry after her, she speedily reached a 
' plantation, and eluded all pursuit. No trace of her 
' could be discovered ; and the next time the shep- 
' herd called at Andrew Telfer's house, my lady was 
' seated on the dresser, as demure as if nothing in 
' her whole life had ever disturbed her tranquillity.' 

When on the subject of the pluck of the Pepper 
and Mustard race, I might relate endless stories of 
the dogs of the olden time. Perhaps one or two 
of these may, however, not be amiss. 

Mr. Somner's famous dog 'Shem ' was a son of 
'Charlie' (referred to at p. 46), bred by old John 
Stoddart of Selkirk, and belonging to Thomas Tod, 
Esq. of Drygrange, and inherited all his father's 
and grandfather's fighting qualities. The stories 
of 'Shem's' pluck are endless, but the following 
may suffice to show what he could do. 

One day Mr. Somner happened to be in Kelso 
on market-day, accompanied by ' Shem.' While 
in the ' Cross Keys ' with a friend, there came down 
the street an Italian-looking fellow with a large 
brown dancing-bear, — muzzled, of course, and 
accompanied by the inevitable 'long pole.' Mr. 
Somner's friend laughingly said, on seeing the bear, 
' Now, Somner, there's something that will frighten 
' "Shem." ' Shem, it may be stated, only weighed 



1 4 lb., while the bear was, — well — considerably more. 
to say the least of it. Mr. Somner, however, at once 
replied, ' 1 '11 bet you a five-pound note he will face 
' the bear.' ' Done,' says the friend. The only 
condition made was that the bear was to remain 
muzzled, and that, if he hugged 'Shem,' he was to be 
beaten off. After an interview with the landlord, 
it was arranged that the bear was to be got quietly 
into the back-yard. The Italian, however, at first 
demurred to the proposal, but at length said he 
would like to see the dog before he agreed. 
When ' Shem ' was produced, great was his sur- 
prise, for his mind had been running on huge 
mastiffs and the like. He then laughingly agreed 
at once. Into the yard they all went. Being 
market-day, the yard was crowded with gigs and 
carriages of all descriptions, and, the people getting 
wind of the affair, these were soon crowded with 
folk anxious to see the fun. 

Mr. Somner took ' Shem' up in his arms, and 
walking up close to the bear, showed him to ' Shem,' 
coaxingly asking him if he would like to taste the big 
brute. ' Shem's ' ears cocked, and his eyes gleamed 
fire by way of answer, and the moment he was loosed 
he rushed at the bear, and fastened on his snout, 
sticking there in the most determined way. The bear 
was as much surprised as the spectators, and loudly 


roared for mercy. Mr. Somner's friend was asked 
if he was satisfied, and replying in the affirmative. 
' Shem' was taken off the bear, whose attention was 
first distracted by a hbera! use of the long pole. 

The bet was divided between the owner of the 
bear and the Cross Keys' stable lads. 

' Shem's ' maternal grandfather (belonging to the 
Marquis of Tweeddale) and great-grandfather came 
to a somewhat unusual end. A fox had gone to 
ground, in an earth which had three entrances. As 
Dr. John Brown describes the scene,' 'The father 
' was put in at one hole, the son at another, and 
' speedily the fox bolted out at the third, but no ap- 
' pearance of the little terriers, and, on digging, they 
' were found dead, locked in each other's jaws ; they 
' had met, and it being dark, and there being no time 
' for explanations, they had throttled each other!' 

So much for the gameness of the Dandies of 
forty years ago. As for the Dandies of the present 
day, have they the same pluck as their ancestors .' 
I confidently assert they have. In these times, 
unfortunately, owing to the destruction of vermin 
all over the country by gamekeepers skilled in the 
art of trapping, there are not the opportunities for 
using terriers which there were half a century ago, 
when game was not nearly so generally or system- 

' See Hers Subsaiva. quoled ante. 


atically preserved in Scotland. Shootings were 
not then in such request as they are in at the 
present time, and the result was that, in the more 
remote districts, the fox, badger, otter, polecat, etc., 
were able to exist comparatively unmolested, at least 
when contrasted with the close trapping carried on 
everywhere nowadays, with the one exception in 
favour of foxes in hunting districts. 

When opportunity offers, however, it will be 
found that the existing descendants of the Pepper 
and Mustard race can still creditably sustain the 
historic family character for pluck. 

A well-known breeder and lover of Dandies has 
supplied the following instance which occurred in 
1872. A friend of his. A., who resided in Galloway, 
desired to get a well-bred Dandie Dinmont puppy, 
with the view of training it jis a vermin terrier. 
Accordingly in November 1870 a nice dog pup 
named ' Tartar' (son of a celebrated champion, now 
dead, and brother of a Dandie who has distinguished 
himself as the sire and grandsire of many prize- 
winners) was sent to him. When about a year old 
' Tartar ' had become ' a fell chiel at the vermin,' as 
his owner expressed it, having, among other exploits, 
accounted satisfactorily for a half-grown fox. The 
following spring (1871) another pup, 'Crab,' was 
sent to A. to be brought up in the footsteps of 



' Tartar,' but it was not until about a year after- 
wards that an opportunity of testing his courage at 
' 1^'g game ' occurred. ' Crab ' would then be about 
sixteen months old, while ' Tartar' was about two 
years old. 

One evening A. was returning homewards with 
his son G., having been rabbiting, accompanied by 
a retriever bitch, 'Judy.' When crossing a small 
stream near home their attention was attracted by 
'Judy' making a dead set at some roots overhang- 
ing the stream (a tributary of the Ken, and not 
very far from that river). From the excited 
appearance of the bitch there was evidently some- 
thing more unusual than a rabbit or rat among 
the roots, and accordingly A. made his son run off 
to the kennels, which luckily were not far distant, 
to fetch the terriers 'Tartar' and 'Crab.' By the 
time this was arranged 'Judy' was much excited, 
and was madly barking at the foot of the bank. 
The terriers soon arrived, and ' Tartar,' seniores 
priores, was sent to ground. Almost immediately 
he was heard in conflict with something, and then 
all again was still, the 'varmint' having evidently 
shifted his position beyond the terrier's reach. 
' Tartar ' shortly appeared, the state of his head 
giving unmistakeable evidence that he had been 
in close contact with some hard-bitten foe. ' Crab," 


being smaller, was then sent in, and was soon heard 
to be vigorously engaged with the enemy. ' Tartar ' 
was despatched to his assistance, when a great 
' collieshangie ' took place, during which ' Judy,' not 
being able to take part in it, went nearly mad on 
the bank with excitement Suddenly the warfare 
ceased, when G. immediately thereafter observed 
(and took an ineffective snap-shot at) a large otter 
slipping silently over the broken water into the 
pool below. The ' fish-slicer ' had bolted under 
water from his holt unobserved. In the hurry- 
scurry which ensued G. kept his head, and running 
at once to the foot of the pool, prevented the otter 
slipping down stream into a deep glen below. 
'Judy' had dashed into the pool, followed by the 
terriers, but the otter seemed to have vanished. The 
sagacious ' Judy,' however, was not long in discover- 
ing that he had, under cover of the broken bank and 
rough ground, stolen out of the water, and was 
attempting the 'overland route' for the neigh- 
bouring glen. She at once took up the scent in 
company with the terriers. The quarry was soon 
viewed, and the retriever, having the heels of the 
party, was first in the run up, cleverly catching up 
her game by the back and turning it over. The 
terriers, which were close up, ran in and collared the 
otter before it could recover itself A great worry 


then took place, when, after fully testing the courage 
of the terriers, A. rendered some assistance, and 
the otter (a large dog weighing 20 lbs.) at last 
gave up the ghost, not however without having 
left his mark on the terriers, which had come in for 
some very severe punishment, ' Crab ' in particular 
being bitten all over head, neck, and chest 

Among several instances of the sterling qualities 
of the Dandie as a vermin terrier which have of 
recent years appeared in the sporting journals, I 
may quote here one which appeared in a letter 
addressed to the Live Stock youmal oi 28th April 
1882, observing, that having been present on the 
occasion referred to, I can personally vouch for the 
accuracy of the narrative : — 

To tfu Editor of the Live Siock Journal. 

Sir,— The following note of an encounter with a Scotch hilJ fox 
may prove interesting to those of your readers who have 'a 
' weakness ' for the Dandie Dinmont Terrier, the more so as of 
late various innuendoes have been made as to the gameness 
of that terrier. 

A friend of mine, whom I will call A., recently asked me to 
visit him, and have a walk over the hills in his neighbourhood, 
and, knowing that I kept Dandies, kindly added that be would be 
happy to see one or two of my favourites with me, as he thought 
he could guarantee some sport for them in the cairns on his hills. 
Anxious to have a good stretch over the heather myself, and 
doubly so as my tykes were also invited, I accepted for myself. 
and for Badger and Ginger. 

Saturday morning saw A., his brother B., and myself, accom- 



panied hj Badger and Gfnger, start on our walk. We first 
▼isited some old fos-eartlis in one or two sand hillocks, covered 
witfa'scmbbT' wood, whidi stood in the middle <^ a dreary peat- 
moss, but after the tezriers had exploKd these in a somewhat 
faikewann way, and without finding Reynard at home^ we made 
a move for the higher groond. 

I should, perhaps, have mentioned before that Badger and 
Ginger are respectively dog and bitch, three-year-old Dandies, 
and that (Mnger (in the hands of her fcmner owner) has taken a 
first at the |Hemier English Show, and was in your valuable 
Jimma/f if I mistake not, described as 'a beantifiil-shaped terrier, 
* but too much of a toy.' The *toy' weig^ 17 lbs. ! Neither 
terrier had hitherto seen bigger 'game' than 'rottens' (rats), 
and these only occasionally. 

While we were tramping over the * moss,' as before mentioned, 
trying the likely places for a fox, and in making our way up the 
neig^ibouring hill to a cairn (some two miles off) we had some 
heavy snow and hail showers, which rather damped our ardour, 
not to speak of soaking the terriers, and making their progress 
through the rou^ heather and over broken ground rather hard 

Behold us, however, arrived at a huge conglomeration of 
boulders, covering a circle of about a hundred yards in circum- 
ference. A. pointed out a fissure where he had once seen a fox 
bolted from, and I accordingly lowered Ginger by the tail into a 
very ugly-looking place. In a short time, however, I had to fish 
her up again, as she refused to go any distance into the cairn, but 
stood shivering with the cold and wet on a ledge of rock, her coat 
steaming like a 'bus horse on a frosty morning. 'Try her in 
' here,' says A. ; ' I think she could get along better here.' So in 
she was thrust again at a different place. This time, however, 
her behaviour was different No sooner was she in than she 
disappeared. A minute or two of silence, then from the depths 
came first a sharp barking, next a yell of mingled rage and pain, 
and then sounds of 'high words' between her and some 



' unknown beast' Shortly afterwards the bitch scrambled sud- 
denly out of the cairn at a different place from where she had 
been put in, having her face cut open, and looking altogether 
lather dishevelled. In she went again, however, and we heard 
the fight again begin in a different quarter. Suddenly a fox 
showed for a moment at a crevice in the rocks, but went in again 
on seeing R, who was standing near, and we heard the bitch at 
him next moment. Owing to the large size of the calm I now 
thought it might be as well to put Badger in too, it being besides 
quite likely that there might be more than one fox among the 
stones. So Badger was put in on the opposite side of the cairn 
from Ginger. In a minute or two we heard him give tongue 
beside Ginger, and the sounds proved that they were both into 
the same fox. After ascertaining the whereabouts of the com- 
batants as nearly as possible, we set about removing the boulders 
to get down to where they were. The first that was seen of them 
were the two tails of the terriers sticking out together through 
between two huge slabs of stone. 

Closer inspection showed that whatever they had hold of was 
beneath one of the ' slabs,' and accordingly we went to work to 
open up the rear of the stone. This having been done, I put 
in my arm, and soon got our red friend by the brush. 1 found, 
however, that the hole was too small to pull the dogs through, 
and also that the dogs themselves had got ' jammed ' between 
the rocks. At last, however, we got ihem clear, when a gory 
spectacle was seen. Ginger had the fox by the throat, while 
Badger was securely locked to the fox ; the latter having seized 
him by the muzzle, driving in his canines to their hilts, while 
Badger had the fox by the lower jaw, and had bitten so hard 
that he had broken one of the fox's lower canines, and smashed 
the jaw. It is perhaps unnecessary to say that the fox was just 
about ' awa' wi 't ' by the time we got down to him, and his mask 
was twt worth stulSng. Both terriers were pretty severely 

The whole performance of the terriers, however, greatly 


pleased me, both showing any amount of gameness, which was, 
perhaps, hardly to be expected, considering, as I have said, 
neither of them had ever seen before any vermin bigger than a 
rat. A dram all round to the memory of the late Mr. Fox, and 
we marched down the hill homewards, well pleased with the 
afternoon's fun. Old Crusty. 

The foregoing anecdotes are, I think, sufficient 
to show that the Dandie still possesses the pluck 
which made his ancestors' fame, and that he is, if 
properly entered, a first-class vermin dog. 

As a friend and companion he is equally good. 
His sagacity, quiet, self-composed, and dignified 
manners and quaint appearance, all fit him to be a 
companion ; while his fidelity to his master is un- 
surpassed by any other breed of dog. 

The Dandie is an excellent house-dog, being 
very watchful, and his dignified demeanour when in- 
vestigating after the manner of dogs (viz., the solemn 
' walk round ' the object of inquiry with ' birse ' erect, 
and stiffened legs and tail) the social status and re- 
spectability of a stranger, is a sight only to be seen 
to be appreciated. The tramp or beggar-man. on 
such occasions, puts on his best ' company ' manners, 
for there is that in the little dog's expressive eye 
and manner which warns him not to take liberties. 

Altogether the Dandie is a self-contained little 
dog, and, while devotedly attached to his master (he 
prefers to own but one), he quietly goes about his 


business without fawning for caresses. Like all 
other old and valued servants, he is thought indeed 
occasionally, by some, to be a little masterful ; but 
inquiry will usually show that on such occasions 
he has been unwarrantably interfered with by some 
one who is not his master, and the Dandie, being an 
intelligent doggie, full well understands the dis- 
tinction. ' Mind your own business, and I '11 attend 
* to mine,' is the Dandie's motto. 


I.— PEDIGREE of Dandie Dinmont Terrier Dog 
'SnEM,'bredby Mk. F. Somner, West Morris- 
ton, in 1839, afterwards (1845) the property 
of E. Bradshaw Smith, Esq. of Blackwood- 
house, Ecclefechan. Compiled from Mr. 
Somner's notes. 

' Shem ' was of a bluish blaclc-grey coloui, with white head ; 
body long, and arched at loins; short legs; weight, 14 lbs. 
A dog of great courage, and thoroughly tried at all sorts of 
'vermin.' Whelped 1839. 
St're, 'Charlie' (No. 1), the property of Thomas Tod, Esq. 

of Drygrange, by old John Stoddart, Selkirk's, ' Dandie I.' 

out of his ' Shan ' from Hindlee, 
Dam, ' Mustard ' (Mr. Somner's), by ' Dandie ' (No. a). 
G. Dam, by one of the Marquis of Tweeddale's terriers (No. 3). 
G.G. Dam, by ' Old Pepper ' (No. 4), (Somner's, bred by Allan). 
G.G.G. Dam, by ' Davie ' (No. 5), (bred by Somner, afterwards 

belonging to the Earl of Lauderdale). 
G.G.G.G. Dam, by 'Salt' (No. 6), (Somner's, and bred by 

Mr. T. Stevenson, Jedbu^^h). 
G.G.G.G.G. Dam, by ' Wogy Cobawn ' (No. 7), (Somner's). 
G.G.G.G.G.G. Dam, by 'Fox' (No. 8), (Somner's, bred by Mr. 

T. Stevenson, Jedburgh), out of ' Nettle ' (No. 9), Somner's, 

and bred by James Davidson, Hindlee {a/ias ' Dandie 

Dinmont of Charlieshope '). 
JVoU I. — 'Charlik' was bred by old John Stoddart, the 
blacksmith at Selkirk, who was generally admitted to have the 


purest strain of the Dandie Dinmont breed in tlie Borders. 
Although his weight was only i a lb,, ' Charlie ' had great 
courage, and would face anything. An example of his pluck 
is mentioned in the text. * Charlie's ' sire, Stoddart's ' Old 
Dandie,' was a very handsome, light grey and tan dog, with 
short legs, and being very broad behind. He was reputed 
the gamest dog of his day. 

' Old Shan,' the dam of ' Charfie,' was a small dark grey 
bitch from Hindlee, with under-shot jaw. She also was very 

2. 'Dandie' (Lord Polwarth's) was from the kennel of Sir 
Walter Scott of Abbotsford, who presented a beautiful dog 
and bitch to the late Lord Polwarth of Mertoun, as specimens 
of the pure breed of Dandie Dinmont. 

3. The Marquis of Tweeddale's terriers were selected by his 
Lordship himself from the kennels of the best breeders in the 
Borders of Scotland, at long prices. The dog which was 
used in this pedigree was one of the terriers (the son) referred 
to in the anecdote given at page 1 23 of the text. 

4. ' Old Pepper ' was purchased by Mr. Somner from a 
tinker in Yetholm famous for the purity of his breed of Dandie 
Dinmonts. He was a grandson of old Allan the basketmaker in 
Hollystone, on the Coquet Water, and declared ' Pepper ' to be 
a true hneal descendant of the famous dog ' Hitchem,' which 
belonged to his grandfather. 

5. ' Davie' was a mustard-coloured dog bred by Mr. Somner. 
He was sold to the Earl of Lauderdale. His weight was 13 lb, 
only ; notwithstanding, be was game enough to stand punishment 
from the fangs of any vermin that was taken in the traps, from 
a cat upwards, The gamekeepers declared that ' fear was not 
in his compositioa' ' Davie' was a beautiful specimeo of the 

6. 'Salt' was a mustard-coloured dog bred by Thomas 
Stevenson, Esq., Jedburgh, who had a splendid kennel of 
Dandie Dinmont terriers. He was a first-rate judge of the 
breed, and an intimate acquaintance of Mr. James Davidson, 
Hindlee, a/ias ' Dandie Dinmont of Charlieshope,' who was one 
of his leading men when a day was fixed for a fox-hunt amongst 
the Cheviot Hills. 'Salt' was about 16 lb. weight, and would 
encounter anything with a hair on 't. He was sold to a noble- 


man at a long price, to go abroad as a perfect specimen of the 

7. *WoGY Cobawn' was bought for Mr. Soraner by Mr. 
Stevenson above mentioned out of a kennel of high repute near 
Jedburgh. He was of a bluish black colour, intermixed with 
white hairs, with a head-covering of white hair. Head large ; 
ears pendulous and leathery, covered with the sort of hair 
recommended in the Dandie Dinmont Club's Standard. He 
was very handsome, and attracted the attention of all who saw 
him. This dog was larger in size than the usual run of Mr. 
Somner's dogs. 

8. * Fox ' was presented to Mr. Somner by Mr. T. Stevenson 
before mentioned, as a stud dog. He had been long in Mr. 
Stevenson's service, bolting foxes from their strongholds in the 
Cheviot Hills, and when given to Mr. Somner his teeth were 
worn to stumps. Yet show him vermin and he was all alive 
for mischief. * Fox' was a fine specimen of the breed, having a 
long flexible body upon short legs. 

9. 'Nettle* was from the kennels of 'Dandie Dinmont' 
direct. Her colour was a pepper, with white head, dark hazel 
eye, pendent ears, very long body upon short legs ; weight 1 1 lb. 
She was very game. 








^ 00 

6 " 













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o "s 





"•-2 ? 
>■ BM'2 

-^ .Co 



IV.— PEDIGREE of Pepper Dandie Dinmont Dog ' Twee: 

the late Mr. J. Robertson, Belzies, nea 


« Sdiann.'— Full sister 
See below. 

<J. Robertson, 

r 'NetUe' i SdiMm.-! 

(Rev. S. T. Moste'sX < 'Jock.' Sc 

( (N. Milne's.) 

a.B.Rich.rd.on'sxi ^'Pepper'. J;?'!^^^*^ 

CD. Johnstooe's, •< ^ •»«*"* ■•/ 

HawickX I 'Dirk' ('The Incom 

XB. B. Smith'sV. 

( 'Meg' 1 
(N. MOne's, 
^ 'M^' J 'a^oosideX 

(Rev.J.CMacdooaX 1 'Jock' 

(E. B. Smath'sX 

(N. MOne's, 

1 'Jock' f 

(^ Faldooside). J 

*Diik'('TheIncompuable'). SeeAp 
(E. B. Smith's.) 


(See llimiru' \ 

I 'Ttaffgem' 
(J. B. Ri^urdsoo's). 

(T. Runcll, 

(T. Rns 


' Pepper.' See Appendix 
(B. B. Smith's.) 

Carlyle, Edinboi 


•Sffv. 'Shem' < 
(J. B. Richardson, / 
DumfriesX \ 
Whelped x87a \ 

M a n d 
(Wm. Johnstone, 
" lesleafX 

•Vic' , 

(W. Broadwith, ^ 


\ Dog ofgood bk>od belo 



(Rev. S. T. Mosse'sl 
Whelped x866^ 



/ 'Nettle' , 
/ (Boyd's). V 



H. & 

'Mnstard' 7 
i/lieipcla xBsa. 

f 'Jen 
a Sc 


cJames Scott, 


NoTB.— This Pedigree has been carefully 
verified 6xnn the Blackwoodhouse Records, 
and other documentary evidence produced. 


iTH,' belonging to Mr. T. F. Slater, Carlisle and bred by 
:hmaben. Whelped January 1879. 

S. T. HosK't ' Shamrock,' mentioned below. 

lDCompw>bte 'IHrkp' Appendui III. 

). See Appendu III. 


iwidt). (' Dandle '{Fi 

llch Irom Krie of Braidlea. 

MiTTy.' — Bred by Mvquls « Aberconi. 

Cailyte, Edlnboigh. 

See AppeBdii I. 

ed by E. B. Smith, a 



The Hauung). 

, 'Waip 

I (E. fi. Smith). ' 

/ Wood') Dog ((E.B.S^i 
r (ElkngiSTe, J 

\ Combeiland). "1 „ 

'Dirli 1." See Appendii 
UE. a Smith). 
3%cer al Pwnhill Bundu. 

' Spiee/— Bied by M'EtoueaU, Ceuibrd. 

'— BiedbyUr. LjronofKiilonichaeL 


(Mn, Douglai), 
ChaiLie.' App.1. 


Schaon ' J (Dnke of Bucckuch'i). 

(St George DooglaiX 1 ' Pepper ' 

^ (DnkeoCBuccleiKh')}. 

{(John R^d'sX uho al an early period h>d hit Terrien from Jnma Dav 
'Friar Tuck.- (FninorXiowi. Bred by Mr. Ollphul. MailBcld.) 
.a 10 Drygrange 'Chaiile.' See Appendii I. 

/ ' Mnitard.' See below 
■B™- f OSm<Ci) 
U' ScDl|-i> 'I -otd Peppe.'— ^<n, 'The Slalei' (Wat. Luthead), gccidenlally ihot in iBji 
V(Sii C. Donglai.) Died very old, aboat i»tt. Bred by Ur. T>T>or, While! 

/ -Vic- 
•Waip' J(J-S™ii.>. - -Wa! 

(J. Scoll'.Xl 'ProperV ,'Mi«Whid»r- 0- »«..., 

V(J.Sn>lli}. I (J, Scon-.). 1 'Dindie' 

/" RinglEI.'— A gnnd.d>ugh(erarJ -n.^!.' (Laid Pol inKh'i) 

f -Nellie' J (J;Sa.,f.l Cord Polwarth'. | (R,, ¥^m«n ^ See Appendi. I. 
■Waip- ; "■"™"* (.(Duke of Bncilench-i). ^ Muion Mmm). 






















































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