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Danvcrs, Massachusiitts. 




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m THIZ IMTIll?lz5T or THE TOWN hV 



Copyrighted 1899 by F. E. Moynahan. 




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— V • -J" 


HIS vulunie, in additlLiii to yivin^; a 
complete and autlientic. altliouoh 
C'jndensed liist'nry <:>f r)an\''-rs, is als'j 
devoted t'j an account of tlie Y)resent 
condition and development of tlie 
chief manufacturino and commei'cial 
enter})i'ises located here, and ti > tlie 
advantaoes and attractions thtr- tijwn 
has to offei' these lijijking foi' .'i tavoi-= 
able hjcation foi' the estatdishment 
of new entei-prises, oi' as a Y>lace of I'esidence. 
Much space has been devoted t:i the various 
jjublic depai-tments and officials, Chui'ches, 
scho(jls and. in fact, almost evei-y subject that 
coiild lend an added intei'est to the work. 

Tc) nuniei'ous friends f' >r substantial encour= 
ajiement. libei'al su}^)X.ii;)i-t and hiohly valued as= 
sistance, we return the mrist cjixlial assiirarice 
of appreciati(in, and especially would Ave ac- 
knowded^e our indel:itedness to carr esteemed 
townsman, Fiev. A. P. Putnam, D. D., president 
of the Danvers Historical Society, who is tlie 
author of the histoiical pijrtion of this work. 
Importunate indeed is the town to have a niiin so 
able and indefatigable in its interests as Dr. 
PutnaiTL, to preserve for posterity data of eailiei' 
days, Avhich must always be of inestimable 
value to succeedino students oi local history. 

We believe that our lal^ors will |jrove not al= 
together ineffectual in conducing trjthe <5enei-al 
welfare of the comniunity. 




I ^ Jan. 2, 1899. 

Frank E. Uoysahan, 

Proprietor Canvera Mirror, - 

Co»r sir; — 

We desire to eay concerning your historical and 
descriptive irork on Danvers that we believe such a volume; carefully 
edited and authentic In its iofomiatloc, will be of Inestimable 
benefit to the town, not only as a means of attracting the attention 
of manufacturers and capitalists to the advantages which Danvers 
offers as o location for the establishment of manufactories, but a" 
a reliable work of reference on the history of the town and Its 
industries and commerce. 

In endorsing your enterprise we desire to express our appreciation 
of your publlc-iplrltedneEE In preparing a volume of such magnitude 
Bjid completeness of detail, and we wish you complete success In your 
laudable undertaking. 






Town Clerk. 


*Died June 21, i? 

Contents of Historical Sketch. 

The Da livers of To day i 

Material for the Town's History ......... 2 

Natural Features and Prehistoric Records ....... 3 

First Settlements at Cape Ann and Naumkeag ...... 4 

Governor Fndicott and his " Orchard Farm " ...... 5 

Original l)an\ers Land (Irants ......... 6 

^' Salem Village " and the First Parish ....... 7 

Indian Wars and the old Training Field ....... 8 

The Witchcraft Delusion of 1692 . . . . . . . . 9 

" Middle Precinct" and the Second Parish ...... 10 

Danvers as District and 'I'own. Its Name . . . . . . 11 

Origin and (Irowth of New Mills or Danversport . . . . . .11 

Soldiers in the French and Indian Wars . . . . . . 12 

Gc-n. Gage at Danvers. Col. Leslie at Salem . . . . . • '3 

Danvers in the Battle of April 19, 1775 ....... 14 

At Bunker Hill and in the Revolution . . . . . -15 

In the Suppression of Shay's Rebellion . . . . . . . 16 

Kmigrations to .\Luiett 1, ()., and other Places . . . . . -17 

Shoj Manufacturing and other Industries . . . . . . 17 

Sentiment and Action in relation to the \Var of 181 2 . -19 

Silvery, the Abolitionists and Political Parties ...... 20 

The War with Mexico condemned by the Citizens . . . . .21 

Temperance Societies and Reformers . . . . . . 21 

l-^arly Schools and later Educational Institutions . . . . .22 

Old Roads and Turnpikes ......... 23 

Cemeteries with Graves of Noted Persons ....*... 23 

Newspapers and Editors .......... 24 

Fire Department and Memorable Conflagrations ...... 24 

Railroad Lines and Companies ...... .25 

Separation of South Danvers, now Peabody ....... 25 

The Fall of Sumier and the War for the Union . . . 26 

Patriotic Spirit of Danvers and her many Heroes . . . . .28 

.Additional Invents of Local .Annals ........ 29 

Historic Houses and Landmarks .... ... 30 

■Character of the Peoi)le ••........ -2 


BV I^EV. A. P. PUTNA\ri, D.D. 

THE town of Danvers, situated wiihin 
the southerly part of Essex County, 
Mass., and having a territory that 
comprises 7,394 acres, and that extends 
nearly five miles from north to south, 
and also nearly five from east to west, is 
bounded north by Topsfield, east by 
Wenham and Beverly, south by Peabody, 
and west by Ipswich River and Middle- 
ton. With a personal and real estate 

is the Plains, where the sho])s, stores and 
houses are most numerous, and where 
most of the public buildings or j)rominent 
institutions are located ; the Town House, 
on whose second floor is the Holten High 
School, the old P>erry Tavern, the First 
National Bank and the Savings Bank, 
the Peabody Library and four of the nine 
churches of almost as many different de- 
nominations, the Universalist, the Maple 


valuation of $4,976,575, it has a pop- 
ulation of about 8,300 inhabitants, a great 
proportion of whom are farmers, but a 
majority of whom are engaged in manu- 
facturing and various other pursuits, 
chiefly in three of the five villages of the 
town, the Plains, Danversport and Tap- 
leyville ; the other two being in what is 
called the Centre, lying a little further at 
the west, and in Putnamville, more dis- 
tant at the north. The largest of these 

Street Congregational, the Calvary Epis- 
copal and the Unitarian, or Unity Chapel, 
with the worshiping place of the Seventh 
Day Adventist Church ; while the First 
Church is at the Centre, the Baptist and 
the Roman Catholic or Annunciation 
Church are at the Port, and the Methodist 
Episcopal Church is at Tapleyville. 

Danvers, moreover, is well supplied 
with railroad accommodations, lines of 
the Eastern and Western Divisions of the 


Boston & Maine system, with frequent 
trains, intersecting each other at right 
angles, in the main village, whence, also, 
electric cars, at short intervals, radiate in- 
to various sections of the town, some of 
them running to Salem, Peabody and 
Beverly, and there continuing their course 
or connecting with others for more distant 
l)laces. There are not less than nine lo- 
cal railroad stations, and as many as five 
post-offices; and there are electric street 
lights, excellent water works, an effi- 
cient fire department, scores of literary, 
benevolent, patriotic and trade organ- 
izations or societies, handsome gr.immar 
school buildings, in the several most con- 
venient and ajjpropriate localities, and 
a well graded system of instruction in the 
town as a whole, with ancient landmarks, 
and monu nents in honor of departed 
worthies that are rich with historic 
interest and full of impressive lessons 
for all. 

It is intended here to present only an 
outline of the history of this enterprising 
and prosperous old town. Vet we can 
but remark that it is quite time that a 
more extended and comjilete history of it 
than has yet appeared should be written. 
Abundant material for such a work exists 
and is easily accessible. It may be 
found in the archives of the State and of 
Salem, and, of course, the town itself ; and 
in such publications as [. B. Felt's " An- 
nals of Salem," 1S42, 1845 ; Rev. J. W. 
Hanson's " History of Danvers," 1847; 
" Danvers Centennial Celebration," em- 
bracing an Historical address by John \V. 
Proctor, Esq., and an Ode by Dr. Andrew 
Nichols, 1852; one or more subsequent 
books relating to (leorge Peabody and the 
two Institutes which he established in Pea- 
l)ody and Danvers ; Hon. Charles W. 
I'pham's " History of Witchcraft and 
Salem Village," 1867 ; Rev. Dr. C. P.. 
Rice's " History of the First Parish," 
1874; Hon. A. i*. White's "Danvers," 
as included in the " History of Essex 
County," 1888; with pamphlets like Dr. 
Ceorge Osgood's " Danvers Plains," 1855 ; 
Judge .v. A. Putnam's "Putnam Guards," 
18S7 ; Mr. Ezra D. Hines' "Historic 
Danvers" (illustrated), 1894, a'ld hi-; 
"Browne's Hill," 1897; and the "Mili- 

tary and Naval Annals" or "Soldiers' 
Record " of 1) mvers, prepared by Mr. 
Eben Putnam and others for the town, 
1895; together with numerous printed 
commemorative or occasional discourses, 
biographical sketches of distinguished 
men, and genealogies of old families, all 
of local interest or belongings ; annual 
town and school committee reports, and 
articles by Dea. Samuel P. Fowler and 
many others in the " Essex Institute Col- 
lections," and in the Danvers, Peabody 
and Salem papers, whose files are replete 
with kindred matter of great value. 

In glancing somewhat hurriedly at the 
principal events or occurrences of the 
more than two hundred years of the an- 
nals of " Salem Village" and Danvers, free 
use will be made of the authorities above 
mentioned, and some use, also, if the 
writer may refer to them, of numerous 
letters of local history, which he contrib- 
uted to the Danvers Mirror, largely from 
1876 to 1886, and in which, he can but 
think, there are important matters con- 
nected with the past of the town, that had 
been overlooked or slighted by previous 
chroniclers, though much of it all, he is glad 
to see, has since passed into books or other 
public itions of later date. Such are the 
part which Danvers took in connection 
with the first colonization of the great 
North- West at Marietta, O., the service of 
her soldiers in suppressing Shay's Re- 
bellion and in other military campaigns, 
the rise of Universalism and of the shoe 
manufacturing industry in School District 
No. 3, the early and remarkable develop- 
ments of aboliiionism at New Mills and 
at other places in the vicinity, the names 
of distinguished, but forgotten citizens in 
the history of the town, not to make men- 
tion of things beside, which seemed to de- 
serve more notice or emphasis. 

But Danvers has a history which an- 
tedates the seventeenth century, and 
concerning which a few words should be 
said. '1 hey relate to the natural features 
of her territory, her geological formations, 
her hills and valleys, plains and river:-, 
rocks and soils, flora and vegetation. Prof. 
John H. Sears, cu-ator of geology and 
mineralogy in the I'e.ibody Academy of 
Science, at Salem, has kindly furnished us. 


by request, a most valuable account of 
these things, of which only a brief resume, 
with a few supplementary details, can be 
given here. Born in Putnamville, June 
iS, 1843, he has visited, more than any 
other has ever done, every part of his 
native town, as well as of the whole coun- 
ty, and familiarized himself with all the 
facts and marvels she had in reserve for so 
patient and earnest a seeker. His many 
published scientific papers and his beau- 
tifully colored geological map of Essex 
County — the work of several or more 
years of careful study — are a monument of 
his well-directed labors. As to I )anvers. 
he refers particularly to the more hilly 
and picturesque region of the central and 
northern parts of the town, in which three 
brooks have their sources, flowing through 
three valleys which form an important fea- 
ture of the landscape. One of these is 
Nichols' Brook, which has its rise in or 
near " Bishop's Meadow," towards the 
north, meanders in a north-westerly di- 
rection and empties into the Ipswich River 
in Topsfield. Another is Mile Brook, 
which has its rise in '• Blindhole Swamp," 
still farther north, pursues its course at 
the east towards the south, and as it still 
continues its way thither through Putnam- 
ville, takes the name of Frost-fish Brook, 
and then Porter's River. And vet another. 


Beaver Brook, has its origin south of 
" Bishop's Meadow," runs somewhat par- 
allel with Frost-fish Brook and west of it, 
is augmented by a stream that proceeds 
from the Centre, becomes Crane River, 
passes on along the Plains to the Port, 
and finally mingles its waters with the 
tide of Porter's River at the extreme 
south-eastern section of the town, where, 
nearer the sea, they are soon joined bv 
P>ndicott or Waters River, which consti- 

tutes a part of the boundary line between 
Danvers and Peabody. Beaver Brook 
forms the drainage system of central 
Danvers, and the three brooks or rivers 
have, by a many-centuried process ot 
erosion, so cut down their banks as very 
much to broaden their valleys, while the 
long-continued subsidence of the land has 
been such as to allow the tide water to 
enter the lower depressions and swell the 
flood. All this has added greatly to the 
attractiveness and prosperity of the town. 
Without the subsidence, which. Professor 
Sears says, " amounts to about iS inches 
ill one hundred years, and has been going 
on for 1,200 years, as proven by actual 
measurements," these " estuaries " or 
*' long reaches of navigable waters" wotdd 
be only small streams or brooks still wan- 
dering seaward as from the hills. 

Glacial history, he adds, may be read 
in all partsof the town, as in the scratched, 
grooved and polished surfaces of all the 
out-cropping ledges. Putnam's, Dale's, 
Lindall's, Hathorne's, Whipple's, and 
Browne's Hill are debris left by the work 
of the ice age. The sand and gravel of 
what we call ridges, when cut into, show 
that they were laid down by running 
water in the last ages of the glacial per- 
iod. Here and there are large numbers 
of boulders and pebbles which were de- 
posited by the ice when it became thin 
and which bear the marks of their grind- 
ing against ledges as they were incorpor- 
ated into it ages before. The sand plains 
and clay beds were deposited in compara- 
tively still water, as the ice receded to 
the north. Icebergs of vast size became 
stranded in hollows and were covered over 
with sand and gravel, so that when they 
finally melted large lakes were formed 
which have since been filled with ingrow- 
ing vegetation and are now known as 
peat swamps, as in the case of " Blind- 
hole Swamp" and " Bishop's Meadow." 
The out-cropping ledges (or bed rock re- 
ferred to) are Cambrian slate and lime- 
stone, seen for instance in excavating a 
< ellar or well in Tapleyville or Danvers 
Centre. Diorite and hornblende granite 
are very abundant. The former (a heavy 
blue rock) occurs, as elsewhere, in Put- 
namville and on the hill of the Endicott 


" Orchard Farm," and the latter on the 
South banks of Frost-fish Brook and m 
East Dan vers. Granite gneiss may be 
found in Danvers Centre, near the house 
of Mr. Daniel P. Pope. 

Among the minerals of the town are 
pyrites, often seen in the diorite ledges. 
Limonite, or bog iron, occurs in most of 
the meadows or streams ; calcite, or lime- 
stone, in crystals and cleavage pieces ; and 
small (luartz and vein quartz crystals, in, 
or in contact with, other forms or sub- 
stances. The flora of the town is much 
the same as in Essex County generally. 
There are several varieties found in Dan- 
vers that are not known to the surround- 
ing region. (See Botanical lists Ijy S. P. 
Prowler and Dr. George Osgood in Han- 
son's History, pp. 10-12.) 

Such, for the most part, was the territory 
once roamed from immemorial time by 
the untutored Indian, until two or three 
hundred years ago, but which then be- 
came the heritage of the white man. 
There was no settlement by the latter on 
the shores of what is properly regarded as 
Massachusetts Bay, previous to that of 
Roger Conant and his associates, at Cape 
Ann, in 1624, or shortly after. His fish- 
ing and trading plantation, which was 
under the general direction or patronage 
of Rev. John White and certain merchants 
and others in the west of England, was 
unsuccessful, and accordingly with some 
of his party he removed, in the autumn 
of 1626, to Naumkeag, or Salem, as a 
more promising place. These were after- 
wards known as the " Old Planters," and 
Conant was still their Governor, while 
such men as John Woodbury, John Balch, 
and Peter Palfrey, were of their number. 
Soon a company of London gentlemen 
became interested in their jjlans, proposed 
to " erect a new Colony upon the old 
foundation," raised a large fund for the 
purijose, and on the iQth of March, 1628, 
obtained from the " Council for New Eng- 
land," a grant of land, extending in 
breadth from a line running three miles 
north of the Merrimac to a line three miles 
south of the Charles, and in length from 
the Atlantic to the " South Sea," or 
Western Ocean. The company appoint- 
ed, as Governor of the " New Colony," 

John Endicott, who was one of the pat- 
entees, and who was " a worthy gentle- 
man " and " well known to divers persons 
of note." Sailing from Weymouth, June 
20, 162S, in the ship Abigail, with his 
wife, and with Richard Brackenbury, Rich- 
ard Davenport, Charles Gott, William 
Trask and other emigrants, he reached 
his destination at Naumkeag, Sept. 6, 
1628. The " Old Planters" very naturally 
disputed at first the claims of the new 
comers, but the controversy was speedily 
adjusted, with Endicott as the acknowl- 
edged Governor instead of Conant ; and in 
token of the general harmony that thus pre- 
vailed, the place was given its present 
name, Salem, the Hebrew word for peace, 
or peaceful. The Colony now numbered 
some fifty or sixty persons, and on the 
4th of March, 1629, the above grant of 
territory was confirmed to them by a royal 
Charter, making them a body corporate 
and politic, under the name of the " Gov- 
ernor and Company of the Massachusetts 
Bay in New England ;" and the principles 
and provisions contained in this Charter 
were destined vitally to mould the fu- 
ture Constitution, and influence the long- 
coniinued rule and legislation of the Com- 
monwealth. Other ships arrived during 
the year and brought fresh and welcome 
accessions to the plantation, as harbingers 
of the Greater immigrations that were soon 
to be. It was a Colony of Puritans or "Non- 
conformists," in contradistinction to that 
of the Pilgrim " Separatists" at Plymouth. 
The former were, nominally at least, ad- 
herents to the Church of England, but 
were stoutly opposed to its corruptions 
and superstitions, and refused to observe 
its prescribed forms of worship. The 
latter cut loose entirely from the T^stablish- 
ment, disowning all allegiance to it, and 
renouncing its practices as well as its au- 
thority. Hence their name. But both 
were still essentially one in faith or creed, 
and both, driven from their native land by 
the iron hand of oppression and cruelty, 
were inspired by the same strong and 
passionate love of civil and religious lib- 
erty. Once beyond the reach of perse- 
cution, Non-conformists in most cases 
quickly became Separatists, and Emi- 
gration was made to mean more thorough 


Reformation. Such were the Puritan 
founders of Salem and Danvers. 

Endicott ruled affairs at Salem with 
rare strength and wisdom, promoted peace 
and maintained order as often as troubles 
arose, and held just and friendly relations 
with the Naumkeags, or the Indian tribe 
who inhabited the region round about and 
to whom Danvers and its adjacent towns 
of today were once familiar ground. 
Numerous and powerful long before, they 
had now become greatly reduced by war 
and disease as the English came ; and 
they were still a dwindling race, appeal- 
ing to the white man for protection from 
their fierce enemies, the Tarrantines, far 
away at the north-east. The settlers 
bought of them whatever land they wished 
to own and occupy, and gave them gener- 
ally a fair compensation for it ; and when, 
in 1686, King James II proposed to 
wrest it from its new proprietors, the fast 
disappearing natives of the soil gave them 
a deed of it as their last will and testa- 
ment. Ere long the tribe was extinct. 

Until Oct. 20, 1629, the supreme gov- 
ernment of the colony was vested in the 
company at London, but at that time it 
was transferred to Salem ; and as it was 
deemed wise, that, under such circum- 
stances, new officers should be chosen, 
John Winthrop was appointed as 
Governor ; John Humphrey as Deputy 
Governor ; and Sir Richard Saltonstall, 
Thomas Dudley and sixteen others as As- 
sistants. The ArhcUa, sailing from Yar- 
mouth with three other ships and having 
on board Winthrop and many others, 
arrived and anchored in Salem harbor, 
June 12, 1630. "Seven vessels made 
their voyage three or four weeks later. 
Seventeen came before winter, bringing 
about a thousand passengers." The new 
Governor, who, like P^ndicott, was for 
many long years to render illustrious ser- 
vice to the nascent, rising Commonwealth, 
entered at once upon his official duties. 
Yet there was much dissatisfaction with 
the place, especially among the later im- 
migrants ; and on account of this and 
other discouragements it was decided to 
remove the seat of government to Charles- 
town, whither a considerable number of 
settlers had already gone from Salem. The 

capital was accordingly established on the 
banks of the Charles, ten weeks after the 
arrival of Winthrop from England. 

Endicott and the great body of the col- 
onists remained behind and were the 
pledge of the future success and ultimate 
fame of the earlier seat, even though large 
numbers of its vigorous and intelligent 
people should gradually push their way in- 
to the wilderness about them and there in 
due time form communities and towns of 
their own ; Wenham, incorporated in 
1643; Manchester, 1645; Marblehead, 
1649; Topsfield, 1650; Beverly, 1668; 
Middleton, 1728; and Danvers as a dis- 
trict, in 1752, and later, as a town. Only 
portions of Topsfield, Manchester and 
Middleton, however, were included in the 
original township of Salem. Lynn, it is 
said, was never formally incorporated, but 
a section of her territory, also, belonged 
to Salem at first. 

It is interesting to follow Mr. Upham 
as he tells us of the pioneers who struck 
out into the yet inhospitable wilds of 
Danvers, and as he locates for us the land 
grants they received from the General 
Court or the mother town. The first of 
these, imder date of Julv 3, 1632, was the 


Orchard Farm of Governor Endicott, 
which consisted of 300 acres and was sit- 
uated between Duck or Crane river as its 
northern boundary line, and Cow-house 
or Waters river as its southern. At once 
he proceeded to occupy and clear his land, 
erect buildings and construct roads and 
bridges, and till the soil and plant trees 
and vineyards. His own house, whose 
site is still pointed out, stood on highly 
elevated ground that commands a fine 
view of the surrounding country, while at 
a short distance from it is the famous 


Fear-Tree which an unbroken tradition of 
his descendants afifirras "was brought over 
with his dial in 1630," and which may 
first have been in his garden at Salem 
until he later transplanted it where it is 
now, and where it yet bears fruit from 
year to year. This country home was a 







favorite place with him. Here he often 
welcomed the great men of the colony and 
not seldom he thence skimmed with his 
shalloj) the rivers close by, as often as he 
made his visits to Salem and Boston. To 
the land which he had thus received from 
the General Court the town added by 
grant, on its western side, 200 acres more, 
which were called the " Governor's Plain." 
The " Orchard Farm," whatever the 
changes which either part of the whole es- 
tate may have undergone in the course of 
subset juent time, is now in the possession 
of the direct genealogical line, being 
the property of Mr. William C. Endicott, 
Jr., whose family residence is with his 
parents at the charming old Peabody man- 
sion on IngersoU street, while with them 
occasionally sojourn, whenever they come 
to America, the British Colonial Secretary, 
the Right Honorable Joseph Chamberlain, 
and Mrs. Chamberlain, Judge Endicott's 

As the first grantee of land within the 
present limits of Danvers, Governor Endi- 
cott has well been called the " father of the 
town." Of the many grants — several by 
the General Court and the rest by Salem 
— made to others during the first twenty- 
five or thirty years and within the Danvers 
of the past or today, the following, as indi- 
cated by name and place, may be enough 
to show how and by whom most of the 
land was covered ; John Humphrey, 
partly in South Danvers and partly in 
Lynnfield, with Humphrey's pond and its 

island; Thomas Read, on whose estate is 
now the fine residence, in Peabody, of the 
late Hon. Richard S. Rogers, and of his 
son, Jacob C. Rogers, Esq. ; Emanuel 
Downing, west of the Read grant ; and the 
celebrated Hugh Peters, north of the 
Plains and east of Frost-fish Brook. But 
Read, Downing and Peters returned to 
England and came not back. Grants 
were also made to Rev. Samuel Skelton 
(worthy associate pastor with Rev. Fran- 
cis Higginson, of blessed memory, in the 
First church of Salem), "Skelton's Neck," 
afterward New Mills, and now Danvers- 
port, lying between Crane and Porter's 
rivers ; Francis Weston, a little distance 
west of the site of the First church ot 
Danvers ; Townsend Bishop, his house 
still standing west of the Plains and in 
Tapleyville, and noted as the home of 
Rebecca Nurse, sainted martyr of the 
witchcraft persecution : Richard Water- 
man, on the Wenham road leading from 
Putnamville, his habitation occupying the 
spot where lived the late Joel Wilkins ; 
and William Alford, Cherry Hill, on the Bev- 
erly side, sold to Henry Herrick. Weston, 
Bishop, Waterman, and Alford, however, 
were driven into exile on account of their 
obnoxious political and religious opinions. 
Grants also to Richard IngersoU, on the 
east side of Porter's river, o])i)osite Dan- 
versport ; Robert Cole, south of Felton's 
hill and including Proctor's corner in Pea- 
body ; Ellas Stileman, north of Townsend 
Bishop ; Thomas Gardner, in the western 
part of the town ; Daniel Rea, near the 
northern line of the Plains ;Richard Hutch- 
inson, Whipple's hill and land around it ; 
John Putnam and his three sons, Thomas, 
Nathaniel and John, along or near Beaver 
Brook, and in another direction from 
Hathorne hill to the Wenham line ; Wil- 
liam Hathorne, who was greatly distin- 
guished and who lived on Asylum hill, 
which his grant included ; Richard Dav- 
enport, also of great prominence and rep- 
utation, Davenj)ort hill, now Putnam's 
hill, in Putnamville ; Samuel Sharpe, at the 
Plains, later called Porter's Plains from 
John Porter, who was the next proprietor, 
though Judge Timothy Lindall early owned 
the northerly part ; Job Swinnerton, west 
of Townsend Bishop ; Robert (ioodell. 


west of Swinnerton ; Jacob Barney and oth- 
ers, the land covering the north part of 
Leach's hill, or Brcnvne's hill, and territory 
north of that, in East Danvers ; Lawrence, 
Richard and John Leach, immediately 
south of Barney : Charles Gott and others, 
the " Biirley Farm," now owned and oc- 
cupied by George Augustus Peabody, 
Esq., whose handsome residence com- 
mands a beautiful prospect ; Allen Ken- 
niston, John Porter and Thomas Smith, 
east of Putnamville and as far north as 
Smith hill on the Tojjsfield line ; Emanuel 
Downing again, east and southeast of 
Smith's hill, the land being afterward sold 
to John Porter, whose son Josejih settled 


upon it and made the old house of today 
the home of his family and of four or five 
generations of his descendants of the Por- 
ter and Bradstreet names. 

In connection with this list may be 
mentioned, also, William Nichols, whose 
grant of 1638 was located in North Sa- 
lem, but who bought the present Ferncroft 
district in Danvers (whence the name of 
Nichols Brook), and bequeathed it to his 
son John, whose descendants of our own 
century, r)r. Andrew Nichols and his 
brothers, John and Abel, were born on 
the estate ; William Haynes, who jointly 
with his father-in-law, Richard Ligersoll, 
purchased " the Weston grant, and then, 
with his own brother Richard, a part of 
the Bishop farm ; Joseph Houlton, who 
owned and lived near the First Church and 
south of it, and near also to the spot 
where his eminent and noble descendant. 
Dr. and Judge Samuel Holten, passed his 
extended, useful life in a house still stand- 
ing ; Thomas Preston, whose distinguished 
line of descendants has long and notably 

given its name to the neighborhood of the 
Harris (formerly Massey's) estate, and 
some of whose representatives are yet to 
be mentioned ; and Joseph Pope, who 
established his home south of the Danvers 
and I'eabody line, where, long afterward, 
a fair maiden of the family name and 


stock, Hannah Pope, won the heart and 
became the wife of the hero of Bunker 
Hill. These, or such as these, with their 
sons and daughters, were the first settlers 
of Danvers and they stamped their impress 
on its character and life for centuries to 
come. Says Upham. : " There never was a 
community composed of better material, 
or better trained in all good usages." 

For obvious reasons, the early settlers 
of Danvers, as they grew in numbers, 
more and more desired to be, in some de- 
gree at least, an independent community. 
Hence the vote of the town, I)ec. 31, 
163S, "that there should be a village 
graunted to Mr. Phillips and his company 
uppon such condition as the 7 men ap- 
pointed for the towne affaires should agree 
on." This is supposed to have been the 
origin of the name, " Salem \'illage." 
The plantation was also familiarly called 
" 'Phe Farms," and the inhabitants were 
known as " 'Phe Farmers " ; or, as Mr. 
L^pham states, these designations often 
had a wider application, being used with 
reference to the region north of Waters 
River, as it stretched from Reading at the 
west to the sea at the east. The Mr. 
Phillips above mentioned is said to have 
been the Rev. John Phillips, who was re- 
ceived as a townsman in 1640 and .who 
returned to England in 1642. No 
marked results appear to have followed 
his brief leadership or the municipal vote. 


For many years afterward the villagers 
doubtless held religious meetings at one 
or more private houses in the neighbor- 
hood, meanwhile often debating among 
themselves the increasing need of a paro- 
chial organization and other privileges of 
their own, that they might not be too de- 
pendent upon the church or people at 
Salem. In 1670, they asked to be set off 
as a separate parish, and the request was 
complied with, however reluctantly, in 
March, 1672, the General Court confirm- 
ing, Oct. Sth, of the same year, the action 
of the town. The eighth of October, 
1672, was thus the birthday of the Urst 
Parish of iJanvers, whose two hundredth 
anniversary was fitly celebrated on the 
same day, in 1872, and whose history for 
the two centuries, as carefully written by 
Dr. Rice, himself one of its noted line of 
ministers and its pastor at the time, was 
published two years later in connection 
with the Proceedings of that memorable 
occasion and constitutes a very important 
part of the general history of Danvers. 

Though this territory of Salem Village 
was substantially the same as that of North 
Danvers at a later time, or of Danvers in 
our own, yet the boundaries of the two 
were quite different. Thus Danvers now 
includes, as the Village did not, Endicott's 
Orchard Farm, Skelton's Neck or Dan- 
versport, and a considerable tract on the 
Beverly side of Porter's River, while a re- 
mote northwestern portion of the Village 
area, formerly known as the " Bellingham 
Grant" and constituting a large, scpiare 
and somewhat isolated projection, was af- 
terward set off to Topsfield. Moreover, 
a certain section of the southwestern part 
of the Village was subsequently included 
in the town of South Danvers and now 
belongs to Peabody. At this time the 
Village population probably numbered 
somewhat more than five hundred. 

At a meeting of the Farmers, held Dec. 
10, 1672, it was voted to build ameeting- 
house. It was completed only after much 
delay, and stood on the flat, at a little dis- 
tance east of the more elevated site of its 
successors on Watchhouse hill. The thir- 
ty years of its existence were to witness 
sore troubles for the villagers. They had 
not been strangers to trial in earlier years. 

The old log-house on Watch hill reminded 
them of dangers, past and present, from 
the savage foe. Ever and anon were tales 
of fresh barbarities, near and far, that 
gave them a constant sense of insecurity. 
But from the first the Farmers were ready 
to bear their part in the common de- 
fence, however distant the scene ; as when 


Richard Davenport, Thomas Read and 
William Trask were the three commis- 
sioned officers in Endicott's expedition of 
1636, against the Manisseans of Block 
Island for their murder of John Oldham 
and party from Boston ; or, as when the 
same Davenport, with numerous volun- 
teers from the neighl)orhood, again 
marched to battle the Indian, now joining 
the Massachusetts troops sent under Israel 
Stoughton to aid Connecticut in the Pe- 
quot war of 1637. But a far greater 
peril threatened the settlements of New 
England, when, in 1675, while Rev. 
James Bayley was the first minister of the 
Village church, King Philip's war broke 
forth in all its fury and made the wide 
frontier for three hundred miles the scene 
of dreadfiil atrocities. The wholesale 
massacre of the brave Capt. Thomas I.oth- 
rop, of Beverly, and his company — ihe 
" Flower of P^ssex " — at Bloody Brook, 
near Deerfield, on the i8th of September 
of that year, only aroused Mass ichusetts 
more than ever to a sense of the peril and 
duty of the hour. Nine men from the 
Village are said to have shared in the aw- 
ful sacrifice. But a far greater number 
from within the parish limits went forth 
with the thousand Massachusetts soldiers 
who, in the following bitterly cold Decem- 
ber, marched through snow and amidst 
nameless hardships into the swamps of 
Rhode Island, and there, on the 19th, 
fiercely attacked the Narragansetts at their 
islanded stronghold, killing a thousand of 


the warriors and wounding and taking 
prisoners hundreds of others. "The 
pride of the Narragansetts," says a histo- 
rian, "perished in a day." Of the three 
officers who gloriously fell in the strife, 
two were from Salem Village, or the Dan- 
vers that was to be : Capt. Joseph (lard- 
ner and Capt. Nathaniel Davenport, sons, 
respectively, of Thomas Gardner and 
Richard r)avenport, already referred to as 
of honorable distinction. Of the two 
captains, the former raised his company in 
his own neighborhood, and Joseph Houl. 

The town of Danvers, in the summer of 
1894, set a huge boulder on the green, 
and dedicated it, June 30th, with a suita- 
ble inscription and with public ceremon- 
ies, to the memory of the thoughtful and 
patriotic donor, and of the valiant men 
who, during two hundred years, had " gone 
hence to protect their homes and to serve 
their country." 

Mr. Upham's comprehensive and mas- 
terly treatment of the witchcraft delusion 
of 1692, with numerous more or less pop- 
ular books or pamphlets on the same 


ton, Jr., Thomas Flint and many other 
familiar names occur in the list. 

These soldiers, with others from the 
Farms, had drilled on the field or common 
at Danvers Centre, which, down to our 
own day, has served the same purpose, 
especially as subsequent wars have re<iuired 
the needed military discipline ; for in 
1694, Nathaniel Ingersoll, son of Richard 
Ingersoll and magnate of the Village, made 
the lot of land a free gift to the inhabi- 
tants as " A Training Place forever." 

subject by other authors, makes unneces- 
sary any extended account of it here. 
The first outbreak of the strange phenom- 
ena occurred in the family of Samuel 
Parris, then minister of the Village church, 
and successor of James Bayley, George 
Burroughs, and Deodat Fawson. Of the 
awful tragedy, Parris was the one persecut- 
ing demon, from the beginning to the 
end. But the house in which he lived ; 
the mansion of Nathaniel Ingersoll, which 
stood just north of the present church and 


immediately west of the parsonage of to- 
day, and in front of which the arrested 
parties, suspected or accused of being in 

JUKbt MUUbb. 

league with Satan, were brought by grim 
officers and amidst great excitement, as a 
preliminary to more cruel scenes ; the 
modest meeting-house that witnessed 
their further shameful examinations ; and 
some of the scattered homes from which 
they were so ruthlessly torn away for 
their menaced doom, — have longsince dis- 
appeared. Only the dwellings of Rebecca 
Nurse, George Jacobs, Sen,, and Sarah 
Osburn remain within the present town 
of Dan vers. That of Ann Putnam, one of 


while firmly mute to the wicked accusa- 
tions against him; and John Proctor, who 
from first to last exposed and denounced 
the whole terrible business, fearless- 
ly went to meet his doom. There 
on the mount, Christ had his mar- 
tyrs, as well as his murderers. But 
the reaction came apace. The year 
of 1692 saw the beginning and the 
end of the great delusion and ini- 
(|uity, and there has since been no 
more peaceful, industrious, intelli- 
gent and christian community or 
parish, than the one within whose 
ancient bounds the evil first aj)- 
peared and was most ram])ant and 


During most of the period we have thus 
far passed in review, the early settlements 
of what was called the " Middle Precinct " 
(Peabody), also once known as " Brooks- 
by," from the convergence of Goldth- 
waite's and Proctor's brooks, had steadily 
increased in population. In March, 1709- 
10, the inhabitants petitioned Salem for a 
lot on which to erect a meeting-house of 
their own, and, the appeal having been 
successful, they voted, Nov. 28, 1710, to 

the accusers, is also standing. Of the 
large number of men and women who 
were condemned and who were executed 
on (iallows Hill, between Peabody and 
Salem, the Village victims, or those who 
lived in what was afterward " old Dan- 
vers," were Sarah Good, Rebecca Nurse, 
John Proctor, George Jacobs, Sen,, John 
Willard, and Martha Corey, Rev. George 
Burroughs, who perished with them, had 
been, about twenty years before, minister 
of the Village church. Giles Corey, hus- 
band of Martha, was pressed to death, 


proceed to build. The work was com- 
pleted in October, 1711, and Rev. Ben- 
jamin Prescott was settled in February, 


17 1 2, as the first minister of the new 
church or parish. An entire separation of 
the X'illage and the MidUle Precinct from 
Salem proper, so as to unite them in a 
new and distinct township, was a matter 
that long continued to be agitated. Af- 
ter much appeal from the two parishes 
and much delay on the part of Salem, the 
latter finally consented to the proposed 
plan, Oct. 23, 1 75 1, provided it should 
meet with the approval of the Legislature. 
The Legislature, however, on the 28th of 
January, 1752, incorporated the two par- 
ishes, under the name of Danvers, as a 
district, rather than as a town, royal in- 
structions having been sent to the Gov- 
ernor to restrani thus the increase of the 
popular branch of the (Tovernment. But 
the District still pressed its rightful claim, 
and on the 19th of June, 1757, the bill 
was passed which erected Danvers into a 
town and entitled it to its own deputy, 
Hutchinson, who w^as now a member of 
the Council, and afterward Governor, en- 
tering his earnest protest, and saying that 
" the action was unnecessary for the pub- 
lic good." The name of Danvers, he 
should have regarded as a better omen. 
It seems to have come, originally, from 
Anvers, or Antwerp, the name of a famous 
city in Belgium, which, as Dr. Braman 
pointed out in his very interesting re- 
marks at the Centennial Celebration of 
1852, means, etymologically, '■'■addition, 
accession, progress.'' Mr. Felt says that 
it was given to Danvers " through the in- 
fluence of Lieut. Gov. Phips, from grati- 
tude to one of his patrons." This friend 
is supposed to have been Sir Danvers 
O.-borne, Bart., of England, who was ap- 
pointed Governor of New York, in 1753, 
and died shortly after his arrival in this 
country, and who was probably a descen- 
dant of Roland D'Anvers, companion in 
arms of A\'illiam the Conqueror. But the 
name of Danvers was legally given to the 
District the year before Sir Danvers Os- 
borne was appointed Governor, and we are 
told that the inhabitants had freely applied 
it to the tract as far back as 1745. Per- 
haps a better explanation of the matter is 
Hanson's : " Among the original settlers of 
Danvers, the Osborne family was conspic- 
uous, as it has been in the subsequent 

annals of the town. This, cou'pled with 
the fact recorded above, that the Osborne 
and Danvers families had intermarried, 
seems to account for our name. Doubt- 
less the Osbornes suggested the name out 
of love for their cousins across the seas." 
Mr. Kben l^utnam, however, dissents from 
this view, in an instructive article, entitled 
" How I )anvers became a Town " and con- 
tained in his "Putnam's Historical Maga- 
zine," Oct. 1897. He expresses the opin- 
ion that the ( Governor conferred the name 
at the instance of his I'riend, Capt. John 
Osborne of Boston, who was a member of 
the Council from 1731 to 1763 and prob- 
ably knew about the intermarriages of the 
Os1)0rne and Danvers families. 

As Dr. Rice says: Danvers, as thus 
constituted, embraced, along with the 
Village, the territory which lay towards the 
south and southeast and extended to the 
present northern boundary of Salem, and 
which was then known as the " Middle 
l^recinct." And he adds, " It should be 
borne in mind, however, that not all of 
the territory now belonging to Peabody 
was embraced in the former Middle Pre- 
cinct, since a large section in the north- 
western part of the present town of Pea- 
body was included within the original 
limits of the Village Parish." Danvers 
now had an area of about 17,000 acres 
and a population of probably more than 
1 700 inhabitants. 

In 1754 began the early history of the 
village of Danversport, when, near the 
site of the store of the late Messrs. War- 
ren and at the head of tide- water of 
Crane river, Archelaus Putnam located 
for himself the first house in that immedi- 
ate vicinity. Here the next year was born 
to him the first white child, native to the 
])lace ; while about the same time he and 
his brother John, built, close at hand, a 
wheat mill which was the beginning of a 
needed and j^rofitable business for the fu- 
ture town. To this point a road from the 
Plains (the present square) was laid out 
ii'' i755> ^"d in 1760 it was extended 
from Crane river across the Endicott 
grant and over Waters river, and so on 
to the North Bridge in Salem. More 
wheat mills were built in 1674 and after- 
ward, one of them being situated at the 


neighboring bridge across Porter's river, 
where also were located the Danvers and 
Beverly Iron Works, incorporated in 
1803. ^■^s early as the year 1798 the 
Salem Iron Company established its 
works at the bridge across \Vaters river, 
and here, as at the head of Crane river, 
there grew up a considerable commerce, 
so that, as Mr. Hanson tells us in 1847, 
there were, during 1846, thirty arrivals at 
the former place, with cargoes of coal, 
wood and lumber, etc., and one hundred 
and twenty-seven arrivals at the latter, 
with the same importations, and with flour 
and corn and a great variety of other 
commodities. From April 15 to Novem- 
ber 30, 1S48, there were at this point as 
many as 172 arrivals, and in the year 
1876, there were about 250. Here, more- 
over, many vessels were constructed at 
different times, especially privateers and 
gun-ships during the Revolution. What 
with these varied and vital interests, and 
the subsequent morocco factories of 
Major Moses J31ack and sons, the tanner- 
ies of Samuel Fowler and sons, and other 
kinds of business that ere long appeared in 
the village, New Mills or Danversport 
became a very notable part of the town. 
The names of some of its leading families 
were Black, Fowler, Pindar, Page, Endi- 
cott, Putnam, Cheever, Porter, Bates, 
Hutchinson, Breed, Hunt, Kent, Jacobs, 
Hood, and Warren. 

In the year 1754, also, the peo])le of 
Danvers were called, like their predecessors 
of the same and the former century, to 
consider the more serious matter of war. 
After the Narragansett fight, some of the 
Farmers had been soldiers in King Wil- 
liam's war of 1689-97, Queen Anne's war 
of 1702-13, and King George's war of 
1744-48 ; but it was what we know as the 
French and Indian war of 1754-63 that 
enlisted a much greater interest and ser- 
vice on the part of the District, there be- 
ing five companies, at least, in which it 
was represented. The five captains were 
W. Flint of Reading, Andrew Fuller of 
Middleton, Israel Herrick of Boxford, 
John Tapley of Salem, and Israel Davis of 
Danvers, — all familiar family names. 
Davis and his men engaged in the expedi- 
tion to Louisburg, and the others marched 

to meet the foe at Crown Point and Fort 
William Henry, and " in and about 
Maine." Israel Hutchinson, Samuel 
Flint and Ezra Putnam, of whom we 
shall hear again, were in the war, and so 
were nearly 140 others from the old 
" Training Place," while two sons of 
Danvers served as surgeons in the army. 
Dr. Amos Putnam, a noted citizen, and 
Dr. Caleb Rea, the latter in the expedi- 
tion against Ticonderoga in 1758. Con- 
cerning the Danvers company, just men- 
tioned, Dea. Samuel P. Fowler, in some 
excellent remarks which he made at the 
Centennial Celebration, in 1852, on the 
service which the women of the town had 
rendered in connection with the Revolu- 
tionary and other wars, related the follow- 
ing : " When their sons were called upon 
by Governor Shirley, in 1755, to form a 
company of volunteers to reduce the forts 
of Nova Scotia, they cheerfully furnished 
them with clothing and other articles nec- 
essary for their comfort. After they were 
ecjuipped, and about to join their regiment 
at Boston, these patriotic women of Dan- 
vers accompanied the volunteers to the Vil- 
lage church, where a long and interesting 
sermon was delivered by Rev. Peter Clark. 
His subject upon this occasion was : ' A 
word in season to soldiers.' " From Dr. 
Rice's amusing account of Mr. Clark's 
usual Sunday deliverances, it may well be 
supposed that his discourse to the soldiers 
on this occasion was sufficiently " long." 
His i^astorate, it may be added, was also 
of great length, covering fifty-one years. 
Dr. Wadsworth, who immediately suc- 
ceeded him, was minister for the still more 
protracted term of fifty-four years. He 
was followed by Dr. Braman, whose ])ulpit 
ministrations for nearly thirty-five years 
were the ablest and most impressive 
known to the history of Danvers. Thus, 
it is seen, the well nigh continuous service 
of these three eminent clergymen ex- 
tended over about 140 years. 

But another momentous struggle was 
not distant ; and in no town of Massachu- 
setts or the colonies did the arbitrary and 
o])pressive measures by which England 
was soon seeking to crush out the spirit of 
liberty and the rights of the people on 
these western shores meet with a braver 



or sterner resistance than in Danvers. 
When her citizens heard of the infamous 
Stamp Act of 1765, they assembled them- 
selves together and enjoined Thomas Por- 
ter, their member of the (leneral Court, 
to do all in his power to obtain its repeal, 
and declared that taxation and represen- 
tation must go together ; and when Par- 
liament levied a tax on tea and other 
articles that should be imported, and even 
after it was obliged materially to modify 
the law, they voted overwhelmingly that 
neither they nor their families would pur- 
chase or use any such goods, brought from 
Great Britain, and pronounced any one 
who should do it an enemy of his coun- 

ters, thinking to overawe and suppress the 
rising and "rebellious" spirit of the in- 
habitants ; but finding his stay useless and 
uncomfortable, he returned to Boston with 
his soldiers early in the following Septem- 
ber. Alarm lists, or companies of minute 
men were organized for whatever emer- 
gency might next appear. Gun-carriages 
were lodged on Gardner's farm in North 
Salem and some were later taken to New 
Mills and to I.indall's hill in Danvers. 
This soon became known in Boston, and 
on Sunday, Feb. 26th, 1775, a detach- 
ment of British troops, sent in a transport, 
and commanded by Col. Leslie, landed at 
Marbleheadand marched through Salem to 


try. As time went on and outrages con- 
tinued, patriotic feeling grew more 
intense. Town meetings were held, 
flaming speeches were made, and strong 
committees were appointed to direct the 
popular will. All the signs betokened that 
a crisis was near. In June, 1774, Gen. 
Thomas Gage, the royal Governor of 
Massachusetts, attended by two compa- 
nies of British troops, came from Boston to 
Danvers and made the fine old " King " 
Hooper House (built in 1754 and long 
known also as the "Collins House;" now 
" The Lindens," the elegant residence of 
Francis Peabody, Kscp), his head-quar- 

the North i5ridge, on their way to cap- 
ture the secreted cannon. The alarm was 
given far and near, and as they reached 
the river, they found themselves con- 
fronted by a sturdy crowd of patriots of 
Salem and Danvers, who, after much ])ar- 
ley and various demonstrations, compelled 
them to return and go their way, so far 
compromising the matter as to allow them 
to cross the bridge, but to recross it as 
quickly ; and thus ended the quite " blood- 
less battle," in which, however, there were 
examples of true American heroism, even 
as there were examples of "the wisdom 
that is from above." 



■' Through Salem straight, without delay, 
The bold battalion took its way; 
Marched o'er a bridge, in open sight 
Of several Yankees armed for fight ; 
Then, without loss of time or men. 
Veered round for Boston back again. 
And found so well their projects thrive 
That every soul got home alive." 

The greater opening event of the Kev- 
olution was less than two months later. 
In the night of April i8th, 1775, ^ de- 
tatchment of 800 British soldiers, com- 
manded by Lieut. Col. Smith, set out from 
Boston for Concord, to destroy certain 
military stores supposed to be there, all 
unmindful of the baf- 
fled ventures of Gage 1 — — 

and Leslie. Advanced 
troops, having ar- 
rived at Lexington 
early the next morn- 
ing, and there on the 
village green at- 
tacked and dispersed 
the brave yeomanry 
summoned to meet 
and oppose them, 
confidently pressed 
on about six miles 
further, to a more 
humiliating encount- 
er at their destim- 
tion. The news of 
the sally from Bos- 
ton reached Danvers 
about 9 o'clock that 
morning; and in- 
stantly, as it weri% 
eight companies of 
the minute men and 
militia of the town, numbering about 330 
men, and led by Captains Samuel Flint, 
Samuel Eppes, Jeremiah Page, Israel 
Hutchinson, Caleb Lowe, Asa Prince, 
John Putnam and Edmund Putnam, hur- 
ried across the country to face the foe, 
those who received the alarm soonest 
starting first, " running half the way," and 
arrivmg, at the end of four hours and six- 
teen miles, in time to intercept the re- 
treating " Red- coats " at West Cambridge, 
now Arlington. In the battle which here 
ensued, Danvers made her great sacrifice, 
others of her troops probably coming up 
in season to harass the enemv in their 


flight to Charlestown. The names of her 
fallen heroes are these : Samuel Cook, 
Benjamin Daland, (reorge Southwick, 
Jotham Webb, Henry Jacobs, Ebenezer 
Goldthwaite, and Perley Putnam. In 
1835, a proud and grateful people erected 
an appropriate monument to the honor of 
these men m the main thoroughfare if 
the present town of Peabody, dedicating 
it to their memory with fitting ceremon- 
ies on the 20th of April of the same year. 
Hon. Daniel P. King, one of the most 
distinguished and revered of all the sons 
of Danvers, delivered on the occasion a 
most eloquent ad- 

- dress, accompaniep 

by very interesting 
remarks from the 
brave old veteran, 
(ien. Gideon Foster, 
who was also in the 
fight at West Cam- 
bridge, as a Captain 
of a company of 
minute men, taken, 
it is said, from the 
company of Capt. 
l^ppes. Israel Hutch- 
inson, who had gal- 
lantly served in the 
French and Indian 
war and rose to high 
military distinction 
during the Revolu- 
tion, and who was 
afterward greatly 
honored in civic life, 
had his home at New 
Mills ; and hither the 
bodies of some of the Danvers soldiers, 
slain in the battle, were brought fresh 
from the scene of their death, to await 
the care of mourning kindred. On this 
sacred site the town, in 1896, likewise 
placed and dedicated a chaste and beau- 
tiful monolith, commemorative of his no- 
ble character and deeds, and of the young 
and blood-stained patriots who rested 
here awhile on their way to the grave. 

Danvers was also consjjicuous at the 
Battle oi" Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775. 
Gen. Israel Putnam, who commanded the 
American forces, was a native of the 
town, though he qame to the seat of war 



from his home in Connecticut. Lsrael 
Hutchinson was not in the actual fight, 
but was on dutyneir at hand, faithful to 
his post, and ready as always for whatever 
service might be rec^uired of him. Asa 
Prince, who was a son of Dr. Jonathan 
Prince, said to have been the first 
resident physician of the town, was the 
same good soldier of liberty on Charles- 
town Heights as when he led his company 
on the day of Lexington. Major Kzra 
Putnam, whom we have met before and 
shall meet still again, w is also of the host. 
And Moses Por- 
ter, at the age of 
nineteen, here first 
won his spurs, 
only to go hence 
and for nearly half 
a century to de- 
fend his country 
in all parts of it-^ 
territory, rise to 
exalted rank, and 
win the honor of 
being the prince 
of artillerists and 
disciplin a r 1 a n s, 
and the hero of 
forts and fron- 
tiers. But if Dan- 
vers had such of- 
ficers or com- 
manders as these 
in the battle by 
which f^nglan I 
" lost her colonies 
forever," who shall 
tell of the far 
greater number of 
her braves, titled 
and untitled, who 
served under them and were there to con 
tend for freedom to the death; or shall 
adequately tell ot the deeds of her more 
multitudinous sons who went forth from 
Punker Hill or fresh from their homes, 
after that great contlict, to peril all for 
the glori HIS cause and say with Cajit. 
Samuel Flint, soon to lay down his life at 
Stillwater, " Where the enemy is, there 
you will find me?" More than 300 Dan 
vers men, as we have seen, marched to 
meet the foe, A])ril ig, 1775, and it is es- 


timated that not less than 300 men from 
the town were in the war of the Revolu- 
tion on and after the still more eventful 
seventeenth of June that so quickly fol- 
lowed. The figure is somewhat short of one 
seventh of the population of Danvers at 
that time. 

As the " Soldiers' Record " relates : 
During the next twenty years many of 
these veterans obtained commissions in 
the militia as colonels, majors, captains, 
lieutenants, etc. : (jideon Foster, I'Lben- 
ezer (ioodale, Jethro Putnam, Andrew 
Nichols, Daniel 
King, A n d r e w 
Monroe, Jonathan 
Porter, Johnson 
Proctor, Sylvestej 
Osborne, Daniel 
Preston, and many 
others, a large 
number of them 
being afterward 
promoted. The 
first two became 

Mr. Proctor, in 
h i s Centennial 
Address, while re- 
counting the 
names of the most 
prominent Revo- 
lutionary heroes 
of the old town, 
made mention of 
General Putnam, 
General Moses 
I'orter, Col. Jere- 
miah Page, Col. 
Israel Hutchinson, 
Col. E]noch Put- 
nam, Capt. Jere- 
miah Putnam, C-i])t. Samuel I'age and 
Capt. Levi Preston, all of North Danvers : 
and General Gideon Foster, Major Caleb 
Lowe, Major Sylvester Osborn, Capt. 
Samuel Kppes, Capt. Samuel Flint, Capt. 
I )ennison Wallis, and Capt. Johnson Proc- 
tor, all of South Danvers. Several of the 
entire list had served in the F'rench and 
Indian war, and several others were to 
live to take part in another war with Fhig- 
land, in 1S12. No better service was 
rendered in the great struggle for Liberty 



and independence than that of these Dan- 
vers soldiers and their Danvers comrades. 

" When Freedom, on her natal day, 

Within her war-rocked cradle lay, 

An iron race around her stood, 

Baptized her infant brow with blood, 

And through the storm that round her swept, 

Their constant ward and watchinjij kept." 

For some years after the Revolutionary 
war, the times were hard and there was 
much discontent, especially in Western 
Massachusetts. Large numbers of men 
in that section grew insubordinate and 
rebellious, and for- 
midable military 
forces, under Shay 
and other desper- 
ate leaders, were 
at length in 
defiant a r r a y 
against the con- 
stituted authori- 
ties and alarming- 
ly menaced the 
order and peace 
of society. The 
insurgents having 
concentrated their 
strength at Spring- 
field, the state 
government, early 
in 1787, sent 
thither a strong 
body of troops, 
under the com- 
mand of Gen. 
Benjamin Lincoln, 
to crush the dan- 
gerous movement. 
The enemy, de- 
feated in the en- 
gagement that 
followed, fled to Pelham, where they were 
again louted and whence they betook 
themselves to Petersham, at which place 
they were finally dispersed by their pursu- 
ers and the trouble was brought to an 
end. The only reference to this chapter 
of events which we find in Hanson's His- 
tory, is the simple statement : " Col. 
Benj. Tupper raised a company the same 
year (1786). in Beverly and Danvers, to 
suppress Shay's Rebellion." It was not 
however, Col. Benjamin Tupper, but John 


Francis, of Beverly, who raised the com- 
pany, and who, as E. M. Stone's history 
of that town further tells us, marched in 
Col. Wade's Regiment. Fourteen sol- 
diers, at least, of the company, belonged 
to Danvers, though Mr. Stone does not 
name them, or give the number. They 
were Daniel Needham, lieutenant; Dan- 
iel Bell, drummer ; Josiah White, sergeant ; 
Moses Thomas, corporal ; Isaac Demp- 
sey, and nine others. 

About the same time there was anoth- 
er enterprise, of a far different character, 
in which not a 
few of the people 
of Danvers were 
interested. A t 
various times in 
the history of the 
town her children 
have shown a 
marked spirit of 
emigration and 
colonization ; a s 
when, in 1724, 
Joseph Houlton, 
grandson of the 
original settler of 
that name, re- 
moved with others 
of Salem Village 
to Franklin coun- 
ty in Western 
Massachusetts and 
there founded 
New Saleni, with 
its A cade m y ; 
whence, long af- 
terward, a goodly 
ntmiber of their 
descendants and 
others, led l)y a la- 
ter Joseph Houlton, wandered to the wilds 
of Maine and there formed a settlement 
to which they fittingly gave the name of 
Houlton, and which is now the flourishing 
shire town of Aroostook County. So, too, 
in 1738, several families of the names of 
Putnam and Dale migrated to New Ham]> 
shire and there planted a settlement, 
which became the town of Wilton. Thus 
it was, also, that the first division of the 
pioneer band that originally colonized the 
great Northwest, at Marietta, ()., started 



from their rendezvous at Danvers, 
Dec. 1787, under the lead of Major Haf- 
field White, and, having crossed the win- 
try wastes and mountains, met the other 
division of twenty-six men who had left 
Hartford, Conn., Jan. i, 17SS, at Sumrill's 
Ferry on the Youghiogheny, where all 
proceeded to build their boats, and then 
in April sailed down the rivers until they 
reached the junction of the Muskingum 
with the Ohio and there landed to found 
the future city, named in honor of the ill- 
fated Marie Antoinette, friend of America. 
Major White was himself a Danvers man, 
and among the twenty-two members of 
his party (the whole company numbering 
forty-eight), were Amos Porter, Allen 
Putnam, and Capt. William Gray, all from 
his own town. The list also includes 
Capt. Jethro Putnam and Josiah White, 
familiar Danveis names; and the same 
might be said of others. Hildreth's 
'■'■Early Settlers of Ohio,''' referring to 
Capt. ( Jray, says : " His family was left 
in Danvers, and did not come out until 
1 790, in company with Major Ezra Putnam, 
from the same place." The war veteran. 
Major Putnam, is said to have lived in Mid- 
dleton, near the Danvers line, but Marietta 
authorities generally claim him as of Dan- 
vers and his belongings seem to have 
been chiefly there. Col. Israel Putnam, 
a native of Danvers, like his father, (len. 
Israel I'utnam, went from his Connecti- 
cut home with his two sons and settled at 
Pelpre, near Marietta, where he bought a 
large farm and became a leading and in- 
fluential man, his descendants of our 
own century and to-day l)eing promi- 
nent and honored, not onl\- at the 
])arent colony, but in many ])arts of the 
west and south besides. Of like distinc- 
tion have been the descendants of Gen. 
Rufus Putnam, the "Father of Ohio," 
who was also of Danvers stock, and who, 
when the Ohio comi)any, of lioston, ])ur- 
chased of the Government 5,000,000 or 
more of acres of territory on which these 
emigrants settled with himself and others, 
was appointed the general Superintendent 
for colonizing the region, bemg the prime 
mover and soul of the great enterprise. 
Senator Hoar, in his recent remarkably in- 
teresting sketch of the life, character and 

services of this soldier, statesman, and 
patriot, has said : " If there be in the an- 
nals of this republic, save Washington and 
Lincoln alone, a benefactor whose deeds 
surpass those of Rufus Putnam, I have 
read American history in vain." In view 
of the founding of Marietta and of its re- 
sults, and in view of the connection which 
Danvers had with it as thus indica- 
ted, it is not too much to say, that, 
aside from manifold other and similar 
contributions during the century, the town 
has done no mean j^art in helping to de- 
velop the mighty West. 

But other matters invite attention. Next 
to agriculture, several kinds of manufac- 
turing industiy have been of chief interest 
and profit to the town. Its shoe business 
began as early as 1786, if not earlier, in 
what for a long time has been called Put- 
namville, from the name of many of the 
former inhabitants of the district. The 
first to engage in it was Zorobabel Porter, 
whose house and home — the birthplace 
of his brother. Gen. Moses Porter — is still 
standing near the northern line of the 
Plains, and whose shop stood very near to 
it, on the old stage road leading from Sa- 
lem to Topsfield, while, also, a tannery 

' -^i^iiiimfliipif '--^ 


belonging to the estate was not far away. 
The brick basement of the shop was used 
for currying leather, and the rooms above 
for the " gentle craft " and for the sale of 
the shoes they made. Here, it has been 
said, was the " first shoe manufactory in the 
Ifnited States." However that may be, 
it was certainly the first in Danvers. Ac- 
count books, still preserved, show that 
Zorobal)el, who was a ])rominent and in- 
telligent citizen, was quite brisklv engaged 
in the business in 1786, and afterward; 
and it was in that same year that his 
cousin, Jonathan Porter, also of Putnam- 
ville, came to learn of him there the Cris- 



pin art, accompanied or followed by 
Samuel Fisk, Caleb Oakes of New Mills, 
Moses Putnam and others. Thomas 
Meady became an adept and somewhat 
later taught the trade to Elias Putnam and 
Nathaniel Boardman in the same place. 
For the first year, the proprietor sold 
shoes to the people of Danvers and neigh- 
boring towns alone, but from about 1792 
he sent his wares in barrels to more dis- 
tant points also. Kre long his apprentices 
and some others began the business on 
their own account and shipped their 
goods afar, as Porter had done before 
them; Moses Putnam from 1797, and 
Caleb Oakes, for whom Putnam had 
worked for a year, probably a little earli- 
er ; Klias Kndicott, about the year 1800 ; 

chases, Putnamville, during most of the 
first half of the century, was a busy and 
noted part of the town as regards these in- 
terests, little as one might credit it now in 
view of its present changed and quiet 
aspects and condition. Pate in the thir- 
ties and early in the forties, Joshua Sil- 
vester and Klias Putnam removed to the 
Plains, where they built larger factories 
and homes, and where Samuel Preston, 
Capt. P^lben Putnam and others had been 
in the business for some or many years. 
Mr. Preston had invented a machine for 
pegging shoes, and Klias Putnam several 
for cutting and splitting leather, both re- 
ceiving patents therefor. These inven- 
tions were the first beginnings of the far 
more wonderful machinery and processes 


Klias i'utnam in 1812-13; Nathaniel 
Boardman in 1816; Samuel Putnam per- 
haps about the same time ; and Joshua 
Silvester, Aaron Putnam, Daniel F. Put- 
nam, Joseph lilack, Kll)ridge Trask, 
(ieorge A. Putnam and others, later; all, 
except Mr. Oakes, having their shoj^s or 
factories at intervals along the Danvers 
and Topsfield highway in the old school 
district. No. 3, for a distance of two miles. 
What with these establishments and Sam- 
uel Fowle's shop for the making of shoe 
boxes, together with the fre(]uent visits of 
dealers from Boston, New York, Philadel- 
phia, P>altimore, and other remote cities, 
and the regular rumble of the big cov- 
ered wagons for the transportation of pur- 

which have since changed and increased, 
so astonishingly, the whole system of shoe 
manufacture and trade. Among the ear- 
lier representatives of the business in 
Danvers were Daniel Putnam, John Pres- 
ton, James Ooodale and Otis Mudge, at 
or near the Centre ; and for a time it was 
carried on at Tapleyville by Col. Gilbeit 
Tapley, who afterward established there a 
carpet factory, by means of which, with 
other ventures of his ever industrious and 
enterprising spirit, he gave employment to 
many persons and built up the village that 
bears his honored name. Otis Mudge 
commenced o])erations about the year 
1835, and the skilled work and extensive 
tratific of Messrs. Kdwin and Augustus 



Mudge, and Edward Hutchinson (K. & A. 
Mudge & Co.), at the Centre and in Bos- 
ton, in our own generation, as well as va- 
rious other contemporaneous or subse- 
quent shops and stores of Danvers men, 
in town or city, like those of John R. 
Langley and William E. Putnam, have 
further shown how largely this interest has 
contributed to the growth and prosperity 
of the town. The Village Bank, now the 
First National Bank, of Danvers, was es- 
tablished in 1S36, and its existence for 63 
years, with FLlias Putnam, Moses Putnam, 
Daniel Richards and Cilbert Augustus 
Tapley as its successive presidents, has 
been a great means of encouraging and 
aiding continuously these and other local, 
industrial developments. Perhaps the 
quarter of a century that immediately fol- 
lowed the year 1836, witnessed the high- 
est degree of success in this particular 
department of practical pursuits. Dr. 
Rice's book states that, in 1854, there 
were as many as thirty-five firms that 
were here engaged in the manufacture of 
shoes, making, during the year, 1,562,000 
pairs, valued at $1,072,258, and giving 
employment to about 2,500 persons. The 
tanneries and factories of South Danvers 
or Peabody, which have been such a 
source of wealth to citizens or families of 
that town, have likewise been benefited 
by its Danvers Bank, incorporated in 
1825, and by its Warren Bank of 1831. 

Interesting, also, is the history of the 
pottery art and trade, so long known to 
South Danvers, and to some extent, in 
early times, to North Danvers. The busi- 
ness seems to have been intioduced in the 
"Middle Precinct" by the Osbornes, 
Southwicks and others of the first settlers ; 
and this manufacture of many varieties of 
earlhern ware appears to have been a 
thriving and spreading form of industry 
in that locality, until a comparatively re- 
cent period. — Another important occupa- 
tion to be mentioned in this connection 
is that of brick-making. Dr. (ieorge Os- 
good, formerly and for a long time a well 
known physician of Danvers, with wide 
practice, wrote in 1855 : " For more than 
eighty years the manufacture of bricks 
has been successfully and profitably car- 
ried on at Danvers Plains ; " and he adds 

that Deacon Joseph Putnam, and Israel, 
his brother, nephews of Gen. Israel Put- 
nam, made bricks in the pasture east of 
the centre of the village, toward Frost- 
fish brook. Along this brook, and Por- 
ter's river which receives its waters, are 
various traces of the work that was there 
done at an early period. Yet the well- 
informed doctor believed that Col. Jere- 
miah Page, who was in the Revolutionary 
war and lived until 1806, was "the first 
person that manufactured bricks in Dan- 
vers." After his decease, his son, John 
Page, Esq., " continued the business with 
great profit to himself, and benefit to the 
community, to near the close of his life, 
and accumulated a handsome indepen- 
dence." He is said to have been the 
first in Massachusetts to make what were 
called clapped bricks ; and his trade, we are 
told, extended to all the principal cities 
and towns in New England, and to New 
York and even as far as Florida, the ma- 
terial thus supplied l)eing much used for 
the construction of forts as well as for 
more common purposes. The Page yards 
were principally situated midway between 
the Plains and New Mills, on the western 
side of the road that connects the two vil- 
lages, while opposite was that of Nathan- 
iel Webb, who also found the occupation 
a lucrative one. Various yards have since 
been oi^ened from time to time, and later 
brickmakers have continued to supply, 
with their products, the steady and grow- 
ing need. — The lumber business, particu- 
larly the extensive operations of Mr. Calvin 
Putnam and his successors for many years 
past, and other establishments for box- 
making and for the manufacture of leath- 
er and articles of wear, and also attractive 
gardens and greenhouses for the growth 
of vegetables and fruits and flowers for the 
markets — may well receive a passing no- 
tice here, whatever fuller accounts of 
them may or may not appear in later 
l)ages of this volume. 

The war of 181 2 encountered a vehe- 
ment opposition in Danvers. At a town 
meeting, held in the summer of that year, 
the inhabitants vigorously denounced it, 
for various reasons which they set forth, 
as " dangerous to the union, liberty, and 
independence of the United States." Yet 


alleged wrongs of the mother country 
against our own people, but particularly 
the frequent, undeniable, and outrageous 
impressment of our seamen into the Brit- 
ish naval service year after year, had 
aroused in many citizens a spirit that de- 
manded satisfaction and that was ready 
for hostilities. At all events, military 
companies were formed in the town for 
the common defence. One of them was 
organized at New Mills, and was com- 
manded by Capt. Samuel Page, a hero of 
the Revolution. Another was raised in 
South Danvers and was under the indomi- 
table (iideon Foster. There was also a 
company of artillery, of which Jesse Put- 
nam was captain and Warren Porter was 
sergeant, and which was stationed at Sa- 
lem. Putnam and Porter were both af- 
terward promoted to be colonels. These 
officers and men 
saw but little active 
service, but were 
surely ready for it, 
whenever or wher- 
ever was the need ; 
and Kossuth once 
said that they who are 
ready are as good as 
they who fight. But 
among those w h o 
were charged with 
sterner duty was (ien- 
eral Moses Porter, mentioned before, who 
was uncle of Warren, and who, during 
the three years' war, won undying Inirels 
on the Niagara, and at Fort Norfolk, in 
Virginia. And to this it may be added 
that many other Danvers men enlisted 
elsewhere and served in various scattered 

Before and after the Revolution the 
evil of African slavery was on the wane at 
the South, but especially at the North, 
where natural conditions and other cir- 
cumstances were so unfa\orable to its ex- 
istence. In i75<S, there were but 25 
slaves in Danvers. By the ado])tion of 
the new Constitution in 1780, Massachu- 
setts abolished the institution throughout 
the state in a single day, and then of 
course there were none. The subsequent 
revival of the African slave trade aroused 
the North to a sense of fresh dangers 


which threatened the country and of the 
duty of the American people to let the 
oppressed go free. In 18 19 Danvers ad- 
dressed a noble letter on the subject to 
Hon. Nathaniel Silsbee, then member of 
Congress from Essex County, urging 
emancipation by congressional action. 
The men who signed the letter should not 
be forgotten. They were : Edward South- 
wick, William Sutton, Thomas Putnam, 
Andrew Nichols, and John W. Proctor. 
Soon after William Lloyd Garrison entered 
upon his great abolition crusade, he 
found many ardent sympathizers with his 
work, and also subscribers for his " Lib- 
erator," in North and South Danvers. At 
New Mills an Anti-Slavery society was or- 
ganized as early as 1833-34, and among 
its members were Richard Hood, Joseph 
Merrill, Hathorne Porter, John Cutler, 
William Endic ot t , 
James D. Black, and 
Dr. Ebenezer Hunt. 
It was about the same 
time that the first 
three remembered 
lectures on the great 
subject were given in 
ihe neighborhood, one 
by Oliver Johnson at 
the First church (Dr. 
Braman's), and the 
other two by James 
I). Black, and Rev. Cyrus P. Crosvenor, 
in the Baptish church, where also an ad- 
dress was delivered in the same interest, 
in 1835, by the celebrated George 
Thompson, of England. The ranks of 
the reformers soon grew in numbers, both 
men and women uniting in urging on the 
cause. In 1838 the society was reorgan- 
ized and received a large additional list of 
members. For many years meetings for 
discussion or lectures — not seldom the 
scenes of much excitement — were held in 
the old engine house at the Port and in 
various school-houses, vestries and church- 
es of the vicinity, and were addressed by 
such peerless champions of the slave as 
Mr. Garrison, Wendell Phillips, Parker 
Pillsbury, Stephen S. Foster, Abby Kelly, 
the Misses Grimke, of South Carolina, 
Charles Lennox Remond, Nathaniel P. 
Rogers, of Concord, N. H., Frederick 


Douglass, and other noted leaders of the 
movement. Many of the New Mills 
abolitionists withdrew their connection 
with the churches on account of the gen- 
eral pro-slavery spirit of the members and 
were stigmatized as " Come-outers " or 
were called by more opprobrious names. 
Yet to the end they courageously bore 
their faithful testimony to the right as 
they saw the right and asked not the fa- 
vors or honors of the world. The town 
has never seen higher or more heroic 
moral purpose and fidelity than theirs. 

The same may be said of their co- 
laborers in South Danvers, where also, in 
1S33-34, first appeared a very earnest and 
singularly estmiable and unselfish band of 
emancipationists — the Southwicks and 
Winslows, Abner Sanger, Dr. Andrew 
Nichols, Andrew Porter, Alonzo P. Phil- 
lips, and many more. In 1S37, a" Dan- 
vers Female Anti-Slavery Society " was 
formed for the whole town, with Mrs. 
Isaac Winslow as president ; Mrs. Richard 
Loring as vice president ; Miss Harriet 
N. Webster as corresponding secretary ; 
Miss Emily W. Taylor as recording secre- 
tary and Mrs. Elijah Upton as treasurer ; 
and with Mrs. Abel Nichols and others as 
councillors. Many of the abolitionists of 
both parts of the old town afterward 
joined the Liberty Party, which ere long 
was to swell the ranks of the Free-soil 
Party, until the mustered hosts of Free- 
dom from all the parties, with Abraham 
Lincoln at their head, should cut up the 
overshadowing upas tree by the roots and 
destroy it forever. The older political 
organizations, whatever their past, were to 
prove unworthy the lead and must neeils 
give way before the march of progress. 
The Liberty Party, like its legitimate suc- 
cessors, was a power in Danvers, and such 
members of it as Dr. Nichols, Mr. Phil- 
lips, Abner Sanger, and others like them, 
in South Danvers, and Dea. Frederick 
Howe, Col. Jesse Putnam, John A. Lea- 
royd, P'rancis P. Putnam, Winthrop An- 
drews and many more, in North Danvers, 
no longer relying on moral teaching 
alone, as the Garrisonians had done, but 
now also on the strong hand of govern- 
ment, had caught the secret by which the 
the vast problem was to be solved and the 

nation was to be delivered of its direst 

Yet it was not without desperate strug- 
gles or measures of the South to stem the 
tide and prevent the consummation. 
The war with Mexico (184 5 -4 8) was 
waged to gain new territory for the spread 
and growth of slavery. Its success was its 
failure. Man meant it for evil, but a 
higher power defeated its purpose. Ac- 
cording to Hanson, five men of Danvers 
enlisted in the service. The " Soldiers' 
Record " mentions eight in all, four of 
whom belonged to Capt. Charles B. 
Crovvninshield's company, in Col. Caleb 
Cushing's regiment of Massachusetts vol- 
unteers. But the citizens of the old town 
condemned the war in unmistakable 

The Massachusetts Society for the Sup- 
pression of Intemperance, formed in 181 2, 
and consisting of about 125 members, 
among whom were Joseph Torrey,Dr. Sam- 
uel Holten and Rev. Dr. Benjamin Wads- 
worth, is said to have been the first or- 
ganization of the kind in America, if not 
in the world. In the town itself, the first 


was the " Danvers Moral Society," of 
1814. Dr. Holten was chosen its presi- 
dent, and associated with him, as its oth- 
er officers, was a numerous array of well- 
known and most worthy citizens. Their 
earnest work had such a salutary effect 
upon the community, that by and by the 
names of drunkards were posted in con- 
spicuous places and offenders against the 
license laws were prosecuted, till it was 
finally voted, in 1833, that no license 
should be granted at all, so that in 1848 
it was somewhat significantly stated that 
"no intemperance has been manufactured 
by law for fifteen years." In 1836, eight 
hundred females of the town petitioned 
the legal voters " to at-/ as well as to 


think,''' and the next year John VV. Proc- 
tor requested the authorities of Salem 
" not to locate their dram shops on the 
inunediate borders of Danvers." The 
popular movement of the " Washington- 
ians " followed, in 1842, when large and 
crowded assemblies in Danvers were ad- 
dressed by reformed inebriates and by the 
famous Dr. Jewett and others, and songs 
of gladness and the gospel of " moral 
suasion " filled the air. Later societies 
and meetings, particularly the Catholic 
Total Abstinence Society and the 
Woman's Christian Temperance Union, 
and other kindred organizations of the 
town, have also been marked by deepest 
earnestness and untiring activity in the 
service of the tempted and fallen. Nor 
should we fail to state in this connection 
what constant and efficient aid has been 
rendered to this sacred cause by the very 
able, earnest and consecrated minister of 
the Maple street church, Rev. E. C. 
Ewing, and indeed by all the clergymen 
of the town, of whatever denomination. 
Whatever their varying creeds, these faith- 
ful teachers and ]iastors find in practical 
christian work like this a blessed common 
bond of union. 

As to school education in the Salem 
Village of yore and in the Danvers of sub- 
sequent time, much could be written to 
show what progress has been made from 
the very rude, humble beginnings of two 
centuries ago, to the extensive and highly 
developed public system of to-day. 
Doubtless pedagogues at the outset taught 
the children in little groups in private 
houses. Thus it was with Daniel Andrew 
at first and Caleb Clark afterward. Felt, in 
his "Annals," makes mention of the 
"New England Primer" and other old 
text books which were used in the time of 
the earlier settlements, and has numerous 
jottings like these: " 1698, Mar. 15. The 
Village ask aid in support of their 
school;" "1 70 1, May 30. The Village had 
chosen a committee to hire a school mas- 
ter for their children ; " "June 16, I 712. 
It was voted that the old watch-house 
should be used for a writing school;" 
"Dec. 16, (17 12). The people at the 
Village, voted £.1 to widow Catharine 
Dealland for teaching school anions: them 

and invited her to do the same service, 
another year, for the like sum. She ac- 
cepted ; " " 1714, Nov. 8. Samuel An- 
drews gave a receipt as an instructer at 
the Village ; " " 1724, Jan. 10. The Village 
school master was to instruct one month 
at a time, in four different places, namely, 
at Will Hill, (Middleton) and three posi- 
tions ' in the plantation.' " These " three 
positions " were ])lainly at the Village 
proper, at the Middle Precinct and at 
Ryall side, east of Porter's River, as it was 
with reference to schools in these places, 
that, during the years above indicated, 
grants of money were made to the inhabi- 
tants for " learning their children to read, 
write and cipher." As early as 1708, 
Rev. Joseph Green, ministerof the Village 
church, himself built a small school-house 
within the present limits of Danvers. It 
stood at the upper end of the com- 
mon, or Training Field, at the Centre; 
and it has been claimed that it was the 
first in town. But from an interesting 
article by Mr. Eben Putnam, in his " His- 
torical Magazine " for October, 1897, it 
appears that one was standing, as far back 
as 1 701, "on the line of the old road, 
long since abandoned, which runs through 
the old ThomasPutnam farms, perhaps nea r 
the Jesse Putnam place." More and more 
attention was given to the matter of edu- 
cation as years advanced, other little 
nurseries of knowledge were opened from 
time to time, and in 1777 it was voted 
that " there be ten schools set up in the 
town few three months each, and that the 
selectmen regulate the schools and pro- 
vide proper persons for school masters." 
In 1794, a district system was established. 
It was about that year that there were 
800 children \\\ ten districts, and in 1852 
there were about 2000 in fourteen dis- 
tricts. At this time, the surplus revenue of 
1844, invested as a permanent fund for 
the benefit of the schools, amounted to 
$10,000. In 1850 were opened the two 
High schools of the town, — the Holten 
high school in North Danvers, named for 
Dr. Samuel Holten ; and the Peaborly 
high school in South Danvers, named for 
George Peabody. But of these, and the 
two Peabody Institutes which some years 
later the renowned London banker and 



philanthropist established and liberally en- 
dowed in the two sections in honor and 
love of the old undivided town of his na- 
tivity ; and of the churches of Danvers, 
and its many other institutions and socie- 
ties, — suitable accounts or descriptions 
may be expected in subsequent portions 
of this book. 

We have referred to the first highway 
opened through New Mills, near the mid- 
dle of the last century. A much more 
noted one was the " Old Ipswich Road " 
which was in existence as early as the 
year 1634, and which ran from Medford 
into Danvers, through what are now Ash 
and Elm streets at the Plains, and thence 
on by Conant street to North Beverly and 
so to Ipswich (or Agawam). Of early 
date, also, was the direct road from Salem, 


leading through the Fort, tlie Plauis and 
Putnamville, to Topsfield and Haverhill ; 
and many now living recall the stages that 
regularly j)assed over it to and fro be- 
tween the termini, and how, as school 
children of District No. 3, they were year 
after year, early and late, taken aboard 
"without money and without price" by 
the ever kind and cheery old driver, Isaac 
Pinkham. The Boston and Newburyport 
turnpike, which ran through Lynn field, 
Danvers, and Topsfield and was once so 
famous a stage-road, was incorporated in 
March, 1S03, and the F>ssex turnpike, or 
" Andover turnpike, " which extends from 
New Hami)shire to Salem, Mass., and also 
passes through Danvers, was incorporated, 
June 2 2d, of the same year. Thorough- 
fares like these have a history well worth 
the study, but what with new openings and 
other modes of travel, the inevitable 
change long since came, and with it van- 
ished most of whatever charm belonged 

to the old system of wayfaring and trans- 

One of the writers remarks upon the 
great number of burial places in old Dan- 
vers, ]uiblic and private. Of these the 
most noteworthy are the Endicott family 
lot, in which repose descendants and rela- 
tives of the Governor, from an early date ; 


the Wadsworth burying ground, in which 
lie the remains of Elizabeth Parris (wife 
of Rev. Samuel Parris), who died July 14, 
1696; the Plains graveyard, in which 
there are stones that date back for more 
than a century and a tasteful marble 
monument for the family of Capt. Benja- 
min Porter, a prominent citizen of New 
Mills ; the Tapleyville burying ground, in 
which is the grave of Dr. Samuel Holten ; 
tlie Catholic Cemetery ; and the Walnut 
Grove Cemetery, which was consecrated 
in 1844 and is the largest and fairest of 
these sacred enclosures. One of the ear- 
liest occupants of the last-named was 
Hon. Samuel Putnam, an eminent ludge 
of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massa- 
chusetts, of whom the land was purchased, 
and whose home, near by, on Holten 
street, was also the home of his ancestor 
of the second generation, Nathaniel Put- 


nam. The above receptacles are all in 
the present town of Danvers. In Pea- 
body (formerly South Danvers), are the 



old South Burying Ground, in which are 
the graves of Rev. Nathan Holt and Rev. 
Samuel Walker, once pastors of the Second 
church (the original church of the "Mid- 
dle Precinct "), and of Captain Dennison 
Wallis, and the frail, yet accomplished 
Eliza Wharton of Bell Tavern memory, 
whose sad story of the long ago touched 
the hearts of so many New England peo- 
ple ; Monumental Cemetery, " beautiful 
and commodious," in which is the simple, 
but shining epitaph of Master Benjamin 
Ciile, " I taught little children to read ; " 
Cedar (irove, whose one hundred and 
thirty acres, more or less, of diversified 
and lovely scenery are now in principal 
use with the families of the town for the 
interment of their dead ; and Harmony 
Grove, whose shaded and extensive slopes 
and levels are the resting-place of Pea- 
body's greatest son and benefactor and of 
a numerous train of her departed worthies, 
though, not as formerly, nearly the whole 
now belongs to Salem. Even the dust of 
George Peabody himself no longer lies 
within the present limits of the town that 
gave him birth and that bears his name, 
but within the boundary line of the ad- 
joining city. — Yet, most touching of all 
are the many, many scattered graves 
which, in Danvers and Peabody alike, are 
strewn with flowers of Memorial days and 
thus tell where the brave men sleep, 
" their country's hope and pride." 

Of inestimable advantage to both parts 
of the old town have been the newspapers 
that have been published within their bor- 
ders during the last fifty or sixty years. 
In 1844, the " Danvers Whig" was pub- 
lished in South Danvers for a time as a 
political campaign paper. From Aug. 
28lh, 1844 to April i6th, 1S45, Samuel 
T. Damon conducted a very spirited 
sheet, " The Danvers Eagle." " The 
Danvers Courier " was established. Mar. 
15, 1845, and was edited by George B. 
Carleton. The first number of " The 
Wizard " edited by Fitch Poole, Esq. and 
published by Charles D. Howard, was is- 
sued Dec. 7, 1859, anrl was a remarkably 
bright, humorous and entertaining visitor 
at many a shop and home. In 1869, the 
year after the town of South Danvers took 
the name of Peabody, Mr. Howard estab- 

lished " The Peabody Press," and was its 
editor as well as publisher, supplying the 
same paper from week to week to Danvers 
subscribers under the old name of the 
" Danvers Courier," until H. C. Cheever, 
as editor and proprietor, started in Dan- 
vers, 187 1, the " Danvers Mirror." Charles 
H. Shepard bought the Danvers Mirror 
and job printing business of Mr. Cheever 
in 1875 and conducted the same until 
1890, when, with an associate for a time, 
the present editor and publisher, Frank 
E. Moynahan, came into possession. 
While yet he was editor of the Mirror, 
Mr. Shepard was for several years Secre- 
tary of the Massachusetts Press Associa- 
tion, and in 1889 was chosen representa- 
tive in the Legislature for Danvers and 
Middleton ; and then from 1890 to 1893 
was United States Consul at Gothenburg, 
Sweden. In 1895 he purchased the two 
newspapers then published in Peabody — 
the Press and the Advertiser — and con- 
solidated them into the " Peabody 
Union," which sometime afterward he 
discontinued, to devote himself more ex- 
clusively to job printing at the old 
where books and papers have been pub- 
lished in Peabody for fifty years. Mr. 
Shepard's able care and management of 
the Mirror and of its accompanying work 
have been vigorously sustained under the 
energetic and enterprising superinten- 
dence of Mr. Moynahan, a native of the 
town and graduate of its High school, 
who had been associated with Mr. Shep- 
ard for six years when he succeeded to 
the business in 1890, and who has since 
su]>plied Topsfield with his paper under 
the "heading of " The Topsfield Towns- 
man," and contributed largely to several 
daily newspapers and various trade publi- 
cations, meantime winning the prize of a 
gold eagle offered by the Boston Post for 
the best letter of less than two hundred 
words on " How to run a newspaper." 
Other sheets have been published for a 
brief time, in both Danvers and Peabody ; 
and since these pages have been given to 
the printer, the first number of a daily 
paper, " Danvers Evening Press " (May 
27), has been issued. 

For well nigh a century the Fire De- 
partment has also rendered efficient ser- 



vice to the town. On the 25th of August, 
t8oo, Robert Shillaber, Israel Putnam, 
and Edward Southwick were elected to 
purchase two engines, one to be placed 
near the Bell Tavern in South Danvers 
and the other near New Mills, in North 
Danvers. " Fire-wards," six in number, 
were first chosen in iSoi. In 1815, there 
were ten, and in 1840, twelve. In 1S30, 
the Department was duly established by 
an Act of the Legislature. In subse- 
quent years, additional engines were 
located in other parts of the town, as at 
Wilson's corner, the Plains, and Tapley- 
ville. These were days of full companies, 
drills, fire-buckets, apparatus, miscella- 
neous service, rival entertainments and 
sportive performances, such as are quite 
unknown to our own time and methods. 
" Only certain grandfathers," says Mr. 
White, " remember the halcyon days." 
Days they were, however, which vividly 
call to remembrance most terrible confla- 
grations that defied the prowess of the 
brave men who dared the flames ; as the 
great fire of Sept. 22, 1843, which swept 
through what is now Peabody Square, 
consuming the South meeting-house, the 
old Essex Coffee House, and a large 
number of stores, dwellings and other 
structures ; or the equally destructive fire 
at the Plains, June 10, 1845, which broke 
out in the very heart of the village and 
reduced to ashes the fine residences of 
Joshua Silvester and Samuel Preston and 
their shoe manufactories, with many shops 
and the Post Ofiice besides, and ruined 
beyond repair the old Village Bank build- 
ing at the north-western corner of the 
immediate intersecting streets. 

Danvers has been benefited greatly by 
its railroads, however inadequate the 
management and accommodation. The 
Essex Road was chartered in 1846 and 
was opened to South Danvers, Jan. 18, 
1847, and through Danvers, Middleton 
and Andover to Lawrence, Sept. 5, 1S4S. 
It was built by, and leased to, the ['Eastern 
Railroad Company and has long been the 
Lawrence Branch of the Eastern Division 
of the Boston & Maine system. Among 
those who were first and foremost in the 
enterprise was one of whom the Mirror's 
account of Danvers, Feb. 19, 1876, said : 

" Hon. Elias Putnam was most active and 
influential in procuring its charter and 
location. He had in previous years been 
anxious that Danvers should have con- 
nection by railroad with Boston and other 
places, and various routes were surveyed 
and considered before the Essex road 
was finally located. He had hoped to see 
the road completed and the trains passing 
over it, but this was not to be, as he died 
in the summer of 1847." He wasone of 
the Corporators and one of the first 
Board of Directors, and Joseph S. Cabot, 
of Salem, was the first President. — The 
Danvers and Georgetown Road was char- 
tered, May 7, 1 85 1, and the Danvers Road 
extending from Danvers to South Read- 
ing and thus connecting with the old 
Boston and Maine, was chartered. Mar. 
15, 1852. The present " Nestor of the 
Essex Bar," Hon. Wm. D. Northend, of 
Salem, was the president of both these 
roads, and wiih remarkable ability and 
energy overcame manifold difficulties, and 
achieved success, making the continuous 
Branch of the Western Division, running 
through Lynnfield, Danvers, Topsfield 
and (reorgetown, to Newburyport, his 
lasting debtor. By an Act of the Legis- 
lature, May 2, 1853, both of his roads 
were authorized to unite with the New- 
buryport eS: Haverhill Road, under one 
company, and a year or two later they 
were all duly open to the public. By 
these various Hues which have been men- 
tioned, Danvers was favored, for travel or 
business, with railway communication with 
Salem and the seaport, and with Boston 
and the northern and western interior 
towns and cities, near and far. 

It was after much debate that Salem 
Village and the Middle Precinct had been 
incorporated as one District in 1752, and 
were constituted a Town in 1757. A full 
century had witnessed to their united 
growth and prosperity. But as time wore 
on, it was more and more felt and fomid 
that each of the two sections had circum- 
stances and needs of its own and that it 
was quite inconvenient to hold town meet- 
ings now in one and then in the other ; 
so that, after much discussion and con- 
tention among the inhabitants as to the 
matter of separation, the petition of many 



of them for a division was granted by the 
Legislature, in " an Act to incorporate the 
town of South Danvers," passed May i8, 
1855. North Danvers remained, as now, 
the town of Danvers, and of course re- 
tained the records, having a population of 
about 4000, while that of South Danvers 
was 5348. The dividing line at the east 
corresponded in the main with Water's 
river, but gave to Danvers about fifty 
acres south of it, near the Iron Works, 
while from the head of that stream it ran 
west, with a northerly inclination, to the 
boundary line of Middleton. On the 27th 
of April, 1857, an Act was approved, 
which set off to Danvers a certain part of 
Beverly, lying east of Porter's river and 

ever, to take note only of the northern 
town. On the i6th of April, 1861, an 
immense assemblage of the citizens gath- 
ered at the Town Hall and was presided 
over by Arthur A. Putnam, then a young 
lawyer of the place. After much earnest, 
but perhaps also rather aimless talk, a 
modest but unfamiliar voice reminded the 
crowd that " the meeting was not for elo- 
quence, but enlistment." It was the 
voice of Nehemiah P. Fuller, who had al- 
ready seen service in the Mexican war 
and who was a grandson of the Major 
Ezra Putnam, before mentioned as having 
been in the French and Indian war, at 
Bunker Hill and in the Revolutionary 
struggle, and also as an emigrant, in his 

.IT. 8 

including Browne's Hill, and land imme- 
diately north and on the other side of the 
old Ipswich road, between Cherry Hill 
farm-house and Frost-fish Brook. South 
Danvers changed its name for Peabody, 
April 13, 1868. 

But old Danvers, however divided by 
the act of May 18, 1855, or by sectional 
feeling before and after, was one in 
thought, spirit and puri)ose, at the fall of 
Sumter and in the mighty conflict which 
at once ensued. The fire of patriotism 
that burned in the hearts of her people in 
the days of the Revolution, still lived in 
the souls of their descendants and burst 
forth anew at the first tidings of actual 
rebellion. It is our ])rovince here, how- 


advanced years, to. the colony of Marietta 
on the Ohio. Fuller himself proposed to 
enlist and called on others who were 
present to do the same. His example, 
and that of Ruel B. Pray, who is said 
to have been the first to sign the 
roll, were not in vain. " Others fol- 
lowed that night and in six days the roll 
was full and ready for organization." At 
the election of officers, Fuller was chosen 
captain of the company which soon took 
the name of the Danvers Light Infantry. 
During the war he was promoted to be 
Major of the Second Heavy Artillery, and 
after it he removed to Missouri, but re- 
turned to Danvers to die, Feb. 3, 1881. 
A day or two after the war meeting of 



^9^ 0l^%L 


April 1 6th, some youns;menof the Plains, 
Arthur A. Putnam, George W. Kenney 
and others, agreed to form another com- 
pany and the law office of the first-named 
was opened for recruits. Says the " Put- 
nam Guards" pamphlet, " The volunteer- 
ing was at once gratifyingly brisk. In the 
course of a week, the requisite number of 
names for a company (50) was enrolled, 
nearly all the signers being residents of 
the Plains village." At the election of 
officers on the 30th, Mr. Putnam was 
chosen captain, 
and for weeks 
that ensued the 
company drilled 
in the Bank hall 
and in " Berry's 
jiasture," under 
the direction of 
Major Foster of 
the Salem Ca- 
dets, as under 
that of Benjamin 
E. Nevvhall they 
had previously 
done in the un- 
finished first 
story of the 
grammar school 
house on Maple 
street. It was 
later made 
known to them 
through Mrs. 
Julia A. Phil- 
brick, that a ban- 
ner would be 
presented to 
them by the ven- 
erable Miss 
Catherine Put- 
nam of Peterborough, N. H., on condi- 
tion of their taking the name of " Putnam 
Guards." The condition was unanimous- 
ly complied with, and at a great throng of 
people in the public square of the Plains 
village on the 2 2d of May, Mrs. Phil- 
brick's husband, Hon. John D. Philbrick, 
on behalf of the donor, presented with 
eloquent words the beautiful and precious 
gift, Capt. Putnam making a fitting re- 
sponse and others following with api)ro- 
priate addresses. On the 20th of June, 




the welcome government order came, to 
rei)ort on the 24th, as Company I, of the 
Fourteenth Regiment of Infantry, " at the 
Capitol on f^eacon hill in readiness to go 
that day into camp at Fort Warren." 
After seven weeks at the fort and after 
much delay and discomfort in leaving it, 
they were at length on their way to New 
York and were soon at Washington and 
" on Meridian Hill near the war-bristling 
capital of the nation." 

Besides the two companies of early vol- 
unteers that have 
been mentioned, 
there were thir- 
ty-two more men 
from Danvers 
w h o enlisted 
about the same 
time in the two 
Salem compa- 
nies assigned to 
the Fifth Regi- 
ment, twenty in 
Company A and 
twelve in Com- 
pany H. " They 
bore an honored 
part in the dis- 
astrous battle of 
Bull Run, July 
21st, exactly 
three months af- 
ter the regiment 
left F a n e u i 1 
hall." The next 
year a third Dan- 
V e r s company 
was form ed, 
of which Albert 
G. Allen was 
captain. It was 
Co. K of the Eighth Regiment, which 
" sailed from Boston, Nov. 7, 1862, under 
Col. Coffin of Newburyport for Newbern, 
N. C, and in June, 1863, was transferred 
to Baltimore, thence to Maryland Heights, 
and experienced hard service in the pur- 
suit of Lee after the battle of Gettys- 

But space forbids details respecting all 
the enlistments that went on in Danvers 
during the four years' war, as often as calls 
were made by the government ; the 



steady and faithful encouragement and 
support rendered in all this tin:ie by the 
men and women at home to their absent 
ones who thus offered themselves for the 
Union's sake ; and the many and widely- 
scattered battle-fields of the country where 
these sons or citizens of the old town 
fought and suffered for the cause and so 
many of them gave to it their lives in 
courageous and holy self-sacrifice. The 
best history of Danvers that has yet been 
published is that which was written by 
Hon. A. P. White and was included in the 
History of Essex County in 1888. We 
take from it, also, the impressive state- 
ment, that " Danvers furnished in all 
seven hundred and ninety-two men for the 
war, which was a surplus of thirty-six over 
and above all demands. Forty-four were 
commissioned officers." Fhe later " Sol- 
diers' Record " says that there were " 796 
separate individuals, who served in the 
Rebellion," credited to this town. Thir- 
ty-seven, at least, were in the naval ser- 
vice. One of them was Dr. Warren Por- 
ter (son of Col. Warren Porter of the war 
of 181 2), who, as an experienced and 
com])etent sailor, was commissioned at 
Washington as acting ensign, Oct. 26, 
1863, and who shortly after distinguished 
himself while cruising in the Gulf of Mex- 
ico in the frigate Magnolia. One after- 
noon, about three o'clock, was discovered 
in the distance the rebel steamer " Mata- 
gorda," and chase was immediately given. 
For a time she was lost to view, but only 
for a time. Porter, with permanent in- 
jury to his eyes, sighted her long and in- 
tently through the hawser-hole as the 
pursuit was continued, until about eleven 
o'clock in the evening, when she was final- 
ly overtaken and when he was the first to 
board her. As prize master, he took the 
ship and its cargo to Boston where she 
was sold for $355,000, and the treasury 
of the government thus received a hand- 
some sum of money through the vigilance 
and energy of this son of Danvers. He 
was straightway promoted to be com- 
mander of the "Nita" and afterward 
captured several smaller vessels, still 
scouring the seas until his discharge, Aug. 
26, 1865, when the war had ended. 

It would be most pleasant to make par- 

ticular mention of many others who thus 
reflected honor upon the old town in this 
tremendous contest. We have space for 
only two or three of them. — Daniel J. 
Preston, a well known and highly re- 
spected citizen, enlisted as ist lieutenant 
at the age of 45, was afterward promoted 
to be captain, and was later commis- 
sioned, Dec. 6, 1863, as Major of the 
36th U. S. Colored Infantry. — Especially 
should we name in this connection, Maj. 
General Grenville M. Dodge, who, while 
he hailed from his adopted state of Iowa, 
was yet a native of Danvers, born in Put- 
namville, April 12, 1831, within a half 
mile of the Topsfield line and in a house 
that was the early home, and also the 
birthplace of Elias Putnam, though many 
years ago the part in which the former 


first saw the light was detached from the 
main and older portion of the building 
and now stands about an eighth of a mile 
south of it and on the opposite or eastern 
side of the road. General Dodge, having 


graduated at Norwich University, Vt , 
early devoted himself to civil engineering, 
surveying lands in the north-western 



states and the vast regions between the 
Mississippi and the Rocky Mountains. At 
the outbreak of the war of the Rebellion, 
he enlisted in the Union service, rose rap- 
idly to high commands and exalted miU- 
tary rank, was terrilily wounded in the 
battle of Pea Ridge, in the siege of Atlan- 
ta, and in other engagements, and became 
the intimate and trusted friend and asso- 
ciate of Lincoln, Grant and Sherman. He 
was afterward, for two years, a member of 
Congress from his Iowa district, and then 
was very active and most indefatigal)le as 
the chief builder of the Union Pacific 
Railroad, while since that time, as Presi- 
dent, Vice President or Director of great 
railroad companies, he has tirelessly busied 
himself in projecting enormous lines that 
now belt the immense territory of the far 
West and Southwest, and in thus develop- 
ing its meas- 
ureless re- 
sources a n d 
])OSsibilities. — 
Another of the 
s a m e family 
name is Major 
F r a n c i s S. 
Dodge (son of 
Francis Dodge 
o f Danvers), 
who was born 
o n Hathorne 
Hill, Sept. I 1. 
1842, enlist- 
ed in the Civil ^Var, Oct. 9, 1861, was 
rejieatedly ])ronioted for meritorious con- 
duct, received a medal from Congress for 
his brave rescue of Major Thornburg and 
his cavalry troops from the Indians in 
Colorado in 1S79, was made major and 
paymaster in 1880, and is still winning 
fresh honors from the government. 

In 1870, a noble granite monument 
was erected in front of the Town House to 
" all Danvers soldiers and sailors who fell 
in the late war for the Ihiion," it being 
dedicated on the 30th of November of 
that year. Thirty-three and one quarter 
feet high, and seven and three-quarters 
feet square at the base, it l)ears the names 
of Major Wallace A. Putnam, Lieutenant 
James Hill, and ninety-three others who 
died in the nation's defence. Around it. 


as often as Memorial day returns, gather 
the thinnmg ranks of their comrades of 
Ward Post 90, of the Crand Army of the 
Rei)ublic, and a multitude of the ])eople of 
the town, in loving and tender remem- 
brance of the honored dead and with 
fresh consecration to the service and weal 
of the Union for which they gave their 

Danvers had its first post-office in 
1S36 ; its Savings Bank in 1850. The Town 
House, built in 1854 at the junction 
of Holten and Sylvan streets for munici- 
pal purposes, public meetings and the 
High School, was lengthened 25 feet in 
1883, and was much reconstructed and 
enlarged in 1896. The original Danvers 
Peabody Institute building, which was 
dedicated in the presence of Mr. Pea- 
body himself, July 14, 1869, was de- 
stroyed l)y fire, 
June 2, 1890, 
and was suc- 
ceeded, t w o 
years later, by 
the more clas- 
^ic and com- 
modious edi- 
fice of to-day. 
This was dedi- 
cated, Oct. 19, 
1892, and is 
still surround- 
ed liy the trees 
and ])lants and 
walks with which its ample grounds had 
been so tastefully and diligently orna- 
mented by that honored and public spirit- 
ed benefactor of the town, Joshua Silves- 
ter. The State Lunatic Hospital, on 
Hathorne hill, l)egan to be built in 1874 
and was o])ened for patients in 1878. 
The fine system of water works for the 
town, with its reservoir of pure Middleton 
supplies, on Hathorne hill, was established 
in 1875. The Monument to Rebecca 
Nurse, in the family grove cemetery in 
Tapleyville, was erected and consecrated 
in 1885, and the Tablet on the same 
grounds to the memory of her Forty 
Friends, in 1892. The electric light sys- 
tem for the streets and buildings of the 
town was commenced in 1888 and com- 
jjleted in 1890. " Danvers," we read " was 



the pioneer town in this state to establish 
electric lighting on its own account." 
And, recently, the war with Spain for the 
emancipation of the Queen of the An- 
tilles again appealed to the sympathy of 
the patriotic citizens, and the enthusiasm 
of the people, as Capt. A. P. Chase and 
his brave men of Co. K went forth in 
May, 1S98, to join the 8th Regiment under 
gallant Col. \V. A. Pew, for whatever ser- 
vice they might render, was lost in joy at 
their return in April, 1899. First to vol- 
unteer, the Regiment encamped chiefly at 
the South, but finally at Matanzas, Cuba. 

its ample apartments and admirable ar- 
rangements; the Lexington monument, 
and near it the site of the old Bell Tav- 
ern, now occupied by a fine new residence 
built by the late J. B. Thomas ; the little 
house in which the great Nathaniel Bow- 
ditch passed a portion of his childhood 
and in which he began the studies that 
afterward made him so useful and cele- 
brated ; the birthplace of Ceorge Pea- 
body, and the homes of many a famous 
soldier, or citizen, or historic family. But 
we have not yet done with Danvers, 
whose other attractions are quite as nota- 


In this rapid and somewhat chronologi- 
cal survey of the history of Danvers, we 
have had occasion, incidentally, to refer 
briefly to some of the more interesting old 
landmarks and other objects or places of 
note, which, it may be supposed, visitors of 
the town generally like to see. The stranger 
will not have far to go to find in Peabody, 
also, enough to pay him well for his 
trouble ; — in the first Peabody Institute, 
with its portrait of the generous founder 
and other costly treasures he gave to it, 
including the priceless picture of Queen 
Victoria ; the massive Town Hall, with all 

ble as any hitherto mentioned ; — the well 
known house, near the base of Asylum or 
Hathorne Hill, in which General Israel 
Putnam was born and spent much of his 
earlier life, and where was born, also, 
Colonel David, his elder brother, a promi- 
nent citizen and "a dashing cavalry offi- 
cer ;" the old dormer-windowed Page 
house, at the Plains, which was the home 
of Col. Jeremiah Page, and of his sons, 
Capt. Samuel and John, — in one of whose 
rooms General Gage had his private office 
in 1774, and on whose roof in that olden 
time gathered the memorable " tea 


party " of Lucy Larcom's inimitable verse ; 
the house of Daniel Rea and several of 
his generations from 1636 — and within the 
last century or two, of Dea. and Capt. 
P^dmund Putnam, and of his son and 
grandson, Israel and Elias, with others 

of his descendants ; the finely situated 
and dignified old mansion of Hon. Na- 
than Read and of Capt. Benjamin Porter 
after him, in full view of Water's River 
on which the former tried his not wholly 
unsuccessful invention for steam na\ iga- 
tion before the days of Robert 
Fulton ; " Oak Knoll " on 
Summer street, where Whit- 
tier, New England's dearest 
l)ar(l of love to (lod and lo\e 
to man, found the delightful 
retreat of his declining years. 
and where John Putnam, emi 
grant progenitor, pitched hi^ 
tent more than two and a halt 
centuries ago ; the stateh- 
stone edifice of St. John's 
Catholic College, a short dis- 
tance at the north, or at the 
corner of Sumiiier street and 
Spring avenue ; and the " Old 
FJerry Tavern," which, with its 
newly reconstructed and grand 
proportions, as well as with its early fame 
as an hostelry and as a public, munici])al, 
literary and social centre, fronts the Plains 
Square and Majjle street and still extends 
its friendly welcome as aforetime to all 

who may come for the j^leasant walks, 
drives and sights which Danvers offers to 
visitors. With Moynahan's and Hines' in- 
structive and exquisite " Historic Dan- 
vers," or Major F. C. r)amon's pretty 
" Little P>ook about Danvers" (also illus- 
trated), in hand, they may 
betake themselves through the 
peaceful and flourishing villa- 
ges and over or along the 
ipiiet brooks and rivers, and 
find in Sylvan, Holten, Lo- 
cust, and many another street, 
as well as in such beautiful 
neighborhoods as the Fern- 
croft district and in such 
storied and commanding hills 
as Hathorne's, Lindall's and 
Browne's, abundant charms 
for the lovers of nature as 
well as the votaries of history. 
There are few more interest- 
ing parts of Danvers than 
lirowne's Hill, popularly 
known as " Browne's Folly " 
or " Folly Hill," whose story, with its ac- 
count of Hon. William Browne of Salem, 
and of the " splendid mansion " which he 
built on its summit about the year 1740, 
but which was abandoned shortly after in 
conseifuence of an earthquake and was 



finally removed in three portions to the 
Plains, is admirably told in Mr. Hines' 
j)amphlet article, previously mentioned. 
His pages contain various extracts from a 
letter which Nathaniel Hathorne wrote 



about the hill and its house in his own 
characteristic style, Aug. 28, 1S60, and in 
which the great romancer still indulges 
his passion lor the strange or marvelous, 
besides telling us that one of the favorite 
haunts of his boyhood was along the west- 
ern base where " ran a green and seldom 
trodden lane " and " a little brook " 
Avhich he " dammed up till its overflow 
made a mimic ocean." When he last 
looked for the " tiny streamlet," it was 
quite " shrunken," and " dry," but " the 
green lane was still there " and there it is 
to-day, though sadly shorn of trees that 
shaded it many years ago. Hawthorne's 
entire letter was published anew in the 
Danvers Mirror of Dec. 13, 1S77. 

Hon. Robert Rantoul, Jr., Beverly's 
brilliant and still lamented statesman, 
wrote in 1852: "Danvers may well be 
proud of her history. 
She is one of a group 
of towns which has 
done as much for the 
liberties of the na- 
tion and the world, 
as any other equal 
population on the 
continent." But, how- 
ever rich and blest 
she may be in the 
memories of her past, 
she is still strong in 
the intelligence, the 
industry, the energy 
virtue of her people, 
-day, by their well cultivated fields, as by 
their own mind and character, give am- 
ple proof that they are the worthy descen- 
dants or successors of "The Farmers " of 
the colonial age. The old ancestral fire 
still lives in the whole army of her toilers 
and soldiers of the closing nineteenth cen- 
tury. In every period of her history, her 
supreme devotion has been given to the 
peaceful and useful arts and occupations ; 
to the Home, the School and the Church. 
Yet with the same fidelity has she fought, 
from first to last, in common defence 
against savage tribes and more enlightened 
but hardly less brutal foes ; for our free- 
dom and independence as a nation ; for 
the honor, integrity and very life of the 
Republic ; and for the liberty and eleva- 

tion of millions of slaves. During the 
three centuries scarcely less than 2000 
soldiers have gone forth from her soil to 
serve the country in battle on land and 
sea, and nameless others of her children 
afar have joined them in many a righteous 
crusade. Broad is the cemetery that holds 
the ashes of all her patriot martyrs. Dan- 
vers claims them as among her brightest 
jewels and owns with pride the glory they 
shed. Hers were the fathers and moth- 
ers whose lessons and spirit were also 
strength and grace to the town and were 
never lost or forgotten by the sons in the 
baptism of fire and blood. Great and 
good souls have been here ; wise founders 
of the state, glorious defenders of the 
country, eminent counsellors and jurists, 
honored teachers of youth and ministers 
of Christ, useful and incorruptible citizens, 
and saintlv women. 


the thrift and the 
Her farmers of to- 

liot a few. Here, from 
the time when the first 
I'uritans came from 
l-^ngland and landed 
at Naumkeag, and 
then began to en- 
large their borders, 
has been a continu- 
ous home of heroes 
and heroines, and 
here has been the 
faith that builds for 
the future, and still 
creates and bequeaths the goodly heritage : 
"A heritage, it seems to me, 
A king might wish to hold in fee." 

Note. — With regard to some of ttie many names, 
dates, figures, etc., whicti appear in the foregoing pa^e.s, 
there is considerable disagreement among authorities the 
writer has consulted. In such cases 1 have endeavored 
to follow the guidance that see.ned to me the best, by 
no means claiming that in each and every case I have 
been absolutely correct, whatever the care. With Dr. 
Rice I have been content to accept Oct. 8, 1672, the 
day commemorated just two centuries later, as the birthday 
of the old Village Parish or the First Church, although the 
.Appendix of his book involves the matter in some doubt. 
Tfte date cannot be far out of the way, aid may well stand 
until a l)etter claim is established. Certain local publica- 
tions refer the formal opening or dedication of the first Pea- 
body Institute building of Danvers to July 14, 1870, but, 
newspapers of a year later show that the event took place 
July 14, 1869, as have stated. The grant of land made to 
Endicott and others by the " Council for New England" in 
1628, and confirmed by royal charter, Mar. 4, 1629, how- 
ever It may have vested power and privilege in the patentees 
who are named, was meant for the colony, provided, for an 
increase of the body corporate and politic, from the settlers, 
and contemplated the rights and interests of all. I have 
tnerefore chosen the broader rather than the more exclusive 
form of statement. The few slight typographical errors 
which the reader of the sketch may notice will doubtless 
sufTiciently correct themselves. 

• A. P. P. 



The Churches. 

No institutions in the town iiave more 
to do witli its real prosperity than the 
churches. They are of a decided econ- 
omic value to the community because of 
the spirit of unity and fraternity which 
they develop. The pastors of the various 
churches work together for a common 
end, the uplifting and improving of hu- 
manity, spiritually and morally. We can- 
not yet point to a perfect exem|)lification 
of the truth of the brotherhood of man, 
but we do find evidence that there is in 
the heart of every pastor in this town an 
abiding faith in this brotherhood, and a 
desire to bend every energy towards mak- 
ing the life of the churches become a 
means towards realizing the ide.d of the 
Son of Man. We may seek the aid of other 
agencies in striving to bring about a hap- 
pier relationship between capital and 
labor ; yet there can be no complete ad- 
justment of our social life which shall be 
permanent which shall be anything more 
than a carrying out of the purpose for 
which our churches were founded. The 
churches exist to make the life of the 
honest worker as full of happiness and 
usefulness as possible. To this work they 
invite the co-operation of all lovers of 
their kind. Cherishing this ideal, they 
claim their right to the first place in the 
time and thought of all those who desire 
the prosperity of Danvers. Churches of 
all the principal denominations are main- 
tained here. There are one i^piscopal, 
two Congregationalist, one Roman Cath- 
olic, one Universalist, one Baptist, one 
Unitarian, one Methodist, one Seventh 
Day Adventist and one Church of God. 
In addition to the churches the Danvers 
Mission and the Salvation Army are ac- 
coin|)li^hing much good. 

First Church of Danvers. 

The year 1670 marks the first step 
taken towards that religious organization 
which is now " The first Church and So- 
ciety of Danvers." This was in the 
form of a petition for a separate organi- 
zation from the First Church of Salem : 
the growing numbers at the Farms, and 

the distance from Silem, making at- 
tendance at that Church difficult. The 
town granted its assent to the petition in 
March, 1672, and an act of the general 
court, passed Oct, 8th of the same year 
gave them the needed authority. 

They acted upon this at once. At a 
meeting of " The Farmers," as they were 
then known, held Nov. nth, 1672, it was 
voted that a committee be appointed " to 
carry along the affairs according to the 
court order." 'I'o meet the expenses of 
the new enterprise it was voted to levy 
taxes on this basis : " all vacant land 
at one half penny per acre ; all im- 
proved land at one penny per acre ; all 
heads and other estate at country price." 
In Dec, 1672, a vote was passed to build 
a meeting house "of 34 foot in length, 28 
foot broad, and 16 foot between joints." 

The meeting house was built accord- 
ingly, and in 1684 a vote is recorded to 
make certain repairs upon it, and addi- 
tions to it, including " a canope set over 
the pulpit." Later a gallery was added. 
This house was situated somewhat east of 
the present site on Hobart street, then 
known as "the meeting house road." 

Rev. Mr. liayley was preaching at the 
Farms when permission was first given 
for a separate parish. He became by 
vote of the parish the " stated supply," 
and remained in service until probably 
near the close of 1679. Rev. George 
Rurrows became his successor in Nov., 
1680, and remained a little more than 
two years, until early in 1683. He was 
followed by Rev. Deodat Law-on, who 
came in the early part of 1684 and 
labored until the summer or autumn of 
1688. The church of Salem Village was 
organized Nov. 19th, [689, with twenty- 
seven members, and Rev. Samuel Parris 
became the minister at the time of the 
organization. The record of these early 
years, so far as it is preserved, is in large 
part a record of contention between the 
different ministers and the people. A 
division occurred in the time of Mr. Ray- 
ley's ministry and was not healed for 
twenty-five years. The people, in this 
time, seem to have become habitually 
(piarrelsome and the ministers who came 
to labor among them do not seem to have 



:■( i V 



possessed any great wisdom for establish- 
ing peace and concord. Probably, too, 
the nature of the organization, which 
consisted of a parish with no church ; so 
that everyone, however slight his interest, 
while he was taxed for its support, had 
also a voice in its management, contrib- 
uting somewhat to the result. It is not 
surprising that, under such conditions, 
there should have arisen great differences 
and that these should have resulted in 
fierce contention and even in great bit- 
terness of spirit. 

With the organization of the church 
better things might have been expected, 
but they did not come at once. The 
quarrels of these early years seem only 
to have fanned the flame which finally 
broke out in all its fierceness in the times 
of the "witchcraft delusion" in 1692. 
The ministry of Mr, Parris ended in July, 
1696. More than two years elapsed be- 
fore another minister was settled. It was 
difficult to find a man willing to under- 
take the work, but the experience of 
waiting proved, apparently, a good thing 
for the church. Rev. Joseph Green was 
settled as parish minister, Nov. loth, 
1698. His call, had, however, been pre- 
ceded by several occasions of fasting and 
prayer, when special days were set apart 
for this purpose; the effect of which had 
been to unite the people and make them 
more ready for the better things in store 
for them. The change came almost at 
once. It was the turning point in the 
life and service of the church. If the 
first twenty-five years may be character- 
ized as years of contention and strife, it 
is pleasant to add that in the now iwo 
hundred years since Mr. Greene's induc- 
tion to office there has not been another 
serious (juarrel. The pastorates have 
been, with one exception, long ; and the 
mutual relation between minister and 
people always a ha])py one. Mr. Green 
continued in service until his death on 
Nov. 26th, 1 7 15. He sought to restore 
and maintain peace in the church and 
community after the unsettled condition 
before his coming. He was specially 
fitted to do this and the church prospered 
under his leadership. He also interested 
himself in matters of the general welfare 

of the community. Among other things 
a school was established and a school 
house built in large measure by his insti- 
gation and through his efforts. He is 
buried in the Wadsworth cemetery. 
" Reckoning from the time he began his 
preaching about a year before his ordina- 
tion, he completed the iSth year of his 
ministry upon the last Sabbath before his 

Rev. Peter Clark was called by the 
church to become its minister on Aug. 
7th, I 7 16. He was ordained June 5th, 
1717, though he began his regular preach- 
ing somewhat earlier than this. His minis- 
try was an eminently successful one and 
covered the long period of fifty-one years. 
" Mr. Clark was a man very unlike his 
predecessor, and yet well fitted to serve 
the people among whom he came. He 
had a sharp and vigorous mind, with a 
taste for theological discussions. He has 
left numerous published discourses and 
essays, largely upon points of controversy, 
and amounting in all to several volumes. 
Mr. Clark died June loth, 1768, and is 
buried in the Wadsworth cemetery, by 
the side of his wife, who died three years 
before him. 

After a period of four years in which 
there was no settled minister. Rev. Ben- 
jamin Wadsworth was ordained Dec. 23d, 
1772," almost exactly one hundred years 
after the first organization of " Salem 
Village." During this time the number 
of families in the parish had more than 
doubled. Dr. Wadsworth's ministry con- 
tinued for more than fifty-three years, and 
until his death on Jan. i8th, 1826. He 
is described as " a man of fine personal 
appearance and with the bearing of a 
thorough gentleman of those days. If 
he had the weaknesses of a conservative 
temper he had also its strength. He was 
steady and judicious in his work. He 
did little that ever needed to be undone 
either by himself or by any one else." 
His ministry had a marked effect in 
moulding Christian character. He was 
buried in the cemetery which bears his 
name. It was under his ministry, in 
1818, that the Sunday school was organ- 
ized with Deacon Samuel Preston, super- 
intendent. This has continued until the 



present time without interruption, always 
rendering efficient service in the work of 
the church. 

Rev. Milton P. Rraman was ordained 
and settled April 12th, 1826 and remained 
in active service until March, 1861 : thus 
completing nearly thirty-five years of 
service. Dr. Braman's name has become 
very closely identified with the Church 
because of his vigorous preaching. " He 
had marvellous power in the pulpit : there 
was his strength. His presentation of 
the great truths of the Gospel system 
were not only correct and clear, but they 
were powerful." 
A number of his 
sermons, together 
with some of Dr. 
\\ a d s w o r t h, 
have been gath- 
ered by Dr. Rice, 
i n t o a volume 
which is now in 
the " Ministerial 
library," belong- 
ing to the Church. 
In 1832 the 
Ladies' Benevo- 
lent Society (then 
called the North 
Danvers Female 
Benevolent Soci- 
ety) was organ- 
ized, with Mrs. 
Braman as Presi- 
dent and Miss 
Susan Putnam as 
Secretary. Its 
object was the re- 
lief of the poor 
in supplying cloth- 
ing but it has ren- 
dered valuable service in many particulars 
and still continues its work. 

Rev. Charles B. Rice was installed 
over the Church, Sept. 2nd, 1863 and re- 
mained in service until Sept. 2nd, 1894, 
when he resigned to accept the position 
of Secretary of the newly organized 
" Board of Pastoral Supply." Dr. Rice's 
work in the Church, the community and 
the town is too recent to need comment 
here. He was a wise, careful and able 
leader and the Church continued its 


helpful ministry during the thirty-one 
years of his term of service. 

Rev. Curtis M. Geer was installed Jan. 
31st, 1895 but resigned after a little more 
than two years, April 8th, 1897, to accept 
the position of Professor of History and 
Economics in Bates College, I^ewiston, 
Me. Rev. Harry C. Adams, the present 
minister, was installed Sept. 22nd, 1897. 
Nine Churches, at the least, have been 
established within the territory embraced 
by the original Salem Village Parish. 
There have been six meeting houses, be- 
sides a chapel built in 1835. The firstbuilt 
in 1672, or soon 
after, gave place 
to a new one that 
was first used July 
26th, I 702. The 
third house was 
built in 1786 and 
used through the 
winter though not 
finished until the 
following spring. 
This house was 
destroyed by fire 
Sept. 24th, 1805. 
The fourth, " The 
Brick Meeting 
house," was built 
in the summer of 
1806, the corner 
stone having been 
laid on the i6th 
of May. In 1838, 
this house w a s 
judged to be un- 
safe, owing to a 
settling of the 
walls. It was 
therefore taken 
down and a new house erected, which 
was dedicated Nov. 31st, 1839. This 
house was burned Jan. 28th, 1890, just 
after it had been thoroughly remodeled 
and refurnished. The present house of 
worship was dedicated Sept. 2, 1891. 

The parish has, for the greater part of 
the time, from the very first, provided a 
house for its ministers. The present par- 
sonage was purchased in 1834 and has 
since been used as a parsonage. It was 
built probably, with the exception of the 



rear portion, within a period of not more 
than twenty years following 1734. The 
records of the parish, which in the early 
days were for the most part the only pub- 
lic records of the village, have been cop- 
ied by the town for convenient reference 
and for ])reservation. The records of the 
Church have been rebound and put in a 
very enduring form, while retaining the 
original writing, l^y the new Emery pro- 


Rev. Harry 
C. Adams was 
born in New 
C o.. May 
27th, i860. 
He graduated 
from South 
Berkshire In- 
stitute, New 
in 1882, 
Williams Col- 
lege, W i 1- 
liamstown, in 
1SS6 a n d 
Theologi c a 1 
Seminary in 
1889. M r. 
Adams was 
ordained and 
settled over 
the Congre- 
g a t i o n a 1 
Church in 'Turners P'alls, Oct. 2gth, 18S9 
and was its pastor for eight years. He 
was married to Miss Anne \'. Dyer of 
Washington, Duchess Co., N. Y., Oct. 
3d, 1889. Mr. Adams was installed over 
the First Church of Danvers, Sept. 22d, 



Baptist Church. 

The beginning of Baptist history in the 
town of Danvers goes back farther than 
the organizing of the present Baptist 

Church at Danversport. We are told in 
Dr. Isaac Backus's Historv of the Bap- 
tists, that about the year 1730, Mr. James 
Bound, a Baptist, came from England 
and settled in Salem Village, now Dan- 
vers. For a time he was the only resi- 
dent who held that belief, but at length 
a number of people came to hold the 
same views. These finally removed and 
formed a Ba]:)tist Society in the town of 
Sutton. Few Baptists, if any, were left, 
and nearly half a century passed before 

the organiz- 
ing of t h e 
Baptist So- 
ciety in 1 )an- 
vers. This 
was organ- 
ized during 
the Revolu- 
tionary War, 
Nov. 12, 
17S1. Its 
was due 
mainly t o 
the efforts of 
Dr. Be n- 
jamin Foster, 
a native of 
Danvers, a 
son of Con- 
gregati o n a 1 
parents, and 
a brother of 
Gen. Gideon 
Foster. On 
being c o n- 
verted to the 
Baptist faith, 
during h 1 s 
college course, he often revisited his na- 
tive town, preaching as opportunity came, 
until, with the spread of Baptist senti- 
ments, the society was formed. 

Besides standing for the principles 
commonly known as Baptist, this society 
proposed to pay no attention to " parish 
Imes " or " Ijoundaries of this nature fixed 
by man " and to compel no person to 
pay for the support of church or society, 
each one contributing freely according to 
his ability. Members came from the ad- 
joining towns of Salem, Beverly, Wenham, 



and Middleton. After organization, com- 
mittees were appointed to procure preach- 
ing and to attend to the providing of a 
meeting liouse. This house was finished 
and the pews sold in 1783. Dr. Ben- 
jamin Foster naturally became their first 
pastor, remaining for three years. He 
afterwards became pastor of the First 
Baptist Church in New York, and is said 
to be buried in the graveyard of that 

After several years of irregularly sup- 
plied preaching, Rev. Thomas Green be- 
came pastor in 1793. It was during the 
first year of his pastorate that the society 
was constituted a church, with thirty-seven 
members. Israel Porter and Eleazer 
Wallis were chosen its first deacons. 

During its more than a century of ex- 
istence the church has had eighteen pas- 
torates. One of the longest and most 
prosperous of these was that of Rev. Jer- 
emiah Chaplin (t8o2-i8i8). The mem- 
bership was increased and the meeting- 
house enlarged. Dr. Chaplin was a great 
student of theology. He frequently had 
a dozen or more theological students 
studying with him. His attainments in 
theological learning were so notable that 
at length he was elected president of 
Maine Literary and Theological Institu- 
tion, now Colby University. 

Other pastors who should be mentioned 
either for length of service or special 
work accomplished are — Rev. James A. 
Boswell (1819-1820) during whose time 
a new Act of Incorporation, containing 
the names of seventy-five males was se- 
cured from the Massachusetts Legisla- 
ture. Rev. Arthur Drinkwater (1821- 
1829). Rev. James Barnaby (1830- 
1832). Rev. John Holroyd, (183 2- 1837). 
Rev. John H, Avery, (i 841- 1843.) Rev. 
J. \V."Eaton, (1843- 1849.) Rev. A. W. 
Chaffin, (1850-1862). Rev. C. F. Hol- 
brook, (1865 -1 870) and again a second 
pastorate from 1889-1898. Both pastor- 
ates were highly successful. The call to 
the second pastorate was one of entire 
unanimity and the pastoral relation was 
terminated only by the death of Mr. Hol- 
brook, which brought a sense of personal 
loss to each one who came under his 
ministration. Between Mr. Holbrook's 

two pastorates came those of Rev. Lucian 
Drury (1877-1 883 ) and Rev. Gideon Cole 
(1884-1888), As has been stated the 
first meeting house was built in 1783. In 
1829, during the pastorate of Mr. Drink- 
water, the second house was built. This 
was totally destroyed by fire Sept. 6, 
1847, Rev. J. W. Eaton, pastor. Al- 
though it was a time of general financial 
depression, pastor and people rallied to 
the occasion, and took immediate steps 
toward rebuilding. Oct. 10, 1848, the 
third and present house was dedicated, 
the organ now in use being presented at 
that time by Capt. Benjamin Porter. 
During the pastorate of Mr. Chafifin 
(185 0-186 2), Capt. Porter also built and 
presented to the society the parsonage, 
together with fiinds to care permanently 
for the same. Land was bought and a 
much needed chapel built while Rev. 
Gideon Cole had charge of the church. 
In 1898 the house itself was repaired and 
refitted and the parsonage furnished with 
modern improvements. 

The Danvers Ba]:)tist Church is the 
oldest of the Salem Association of Baptist 
Churches, and at different times has given 
of her members to aid in constituting four 
other Baptist Churches, those of Beverly, 
First Salem, Wenham and Peabody. The 
churches at Lynn and Marblehead have 
also drawn largely upon her membership. 
In the year 1800, out of a membership of 
sixty, seventeen were dismissed to form 
the church at Beverly, but during Dr. 
Chaplin's pastorate the number was more 
than regained. Again in 1843, thirteen 
were dismissed to constitute the church 
in South Danvers, now Peabody. In 
spite of dismissions and losses from other 
causes, the church has enjoyed a steady, 
if not always rapid growth, until at the 
present time the nicnibershi]), about 175, 
is the largest at any time in its history. 
In all about 700 persons have been en- 
rolled as its members. Fifteen deacons 
have served the church, Deacon Charles 
H. Whipple, the present senior deacon, 
having held that office for nearly forty- 
five years. 

Mention should be made of the centen- 
nial anniversary of the church celebrated 
in 1893. It IS from the historical address 



presented by Rev. C. F. Holbrook, at 
that time, that the facts here given are 


Rev. C. S. Nightingale, the present 
pastor of the Danvers Baptist Church, 
was born in West Eaton, N. V. Later 
his father moved to Louisville, Ky., and 
here in the Louisville Male High School 
he fitted for college. Li 1890 he entered 
Brown University and graduated in 1894. 
In the fall of 
the same 
year he en- 
tered Newton 
Theolog i c a 1 
Listitution re- 
maining f o r 
two years. 
During the 
first of these 
years, he 
served t h e 
c h u r c h at 
South Y a r- 
mouth, Mass. 
He went to 
North ville, 
Michigan, in 
July, 1896, 
where he was 
ordained the 
following Oc- 
tober. After 
with the 
church at 
N o r t h V i 1 1 e 
one year, he 

returned to Newton, graduating from the 
Theological Institution in June, 1898, 
coming immediately to Uanveis to begin 
work with the Baptist church. 


First Universalist Society. 

The First Universalist Society of Dan- 
vers, being the third religious society in 
the present town of Danvers, was organ- 
ized April 22, 181 5 under the title of the 
" First L^niversalist Society," although 

there were believers much earlier, even 
in the earlier part of the eighteenth cen- 
tury, I )eacon and Captain F^dmund 
Putnam being the pioneer of the Univer- 
salist doctrine in 1785, when he with- 
drew from the First Church, where he 
had been a prominent man, and deacon 
of the Church for many years. When 
organized it consisted of nineteen mem- 
bers from Danvers, and four from \\'en- 
ham, who declared themselves in their 
Constitution dissatisfied with " those sys- 
tems of Divinity which have for their fun- 
damental ar- 
t i c 1 e the 
eternal mis- 
ery of the 
greatest part 
of mankind." 
Its first meet- 
ings were held 
in the School 
House in Dis- 
trict No. 3, 
( P u t n a m- 
ville) where 
seemed to be 
t h e strong- 
hold of the 
new faith. 
Here preach- 
e d Re v. 
Charles Hud- 
son, R e V. 
Walter Bal- 
four, Lemuel 
\\'illis a n d 
others. From 
1830 to 1833 
the Society 
held services 
in the " (Jld Baptist Meeting House," at 
New Mills, and in T833 ^^ moved into its 
new house of vvorshi]), which house, greatly 
enlarged, is now the Catholic church, 
Danversport. In 1859 the Society built 
its present house of worship, which since 
then has been its religious home. Rev. 
Edson Reifsniiler is the present pastor. 


Mr. Reifsnider is a native of Illinois, 



the city of Aurora being his birthplace. 
His early education was received in Chi- 
cago to which city his parents removed 
when he was but an infant. After being 
for some years in the employment of a 
large wholesale house in Chicago he de- 
termined to enter the ministry, taking the 
regular theological course at Tufts Col- 
lege and graduating with the class of '<j8 
in June of that vear. 

Maple Street Church. 

( Congregational. ) 

On the sixth 
day of March, 
1844, a prelimi- 
n a r y meeting 
was held of those 
favorable to the 
organization of a 
religious society 
on D a n V e r s 
Plains. Nine 
days later ap- 
plication w a s 
made for a legal 
warrant calling a 
meeting of those 
who proposed to 
form such a so- 
ciety. This aj)- 
plication w a s 
signed by Na- 
thaniel Silvester, 
Moses J. Currier, 
Henry T. Ropes, 
Benjamin Hen- 
derson, Aaron 
Batemen a n d 
Gustavus Put- 
nam. The so- 
ciety was duly organized on the twenty- 
fifth, and was called the " Third Ortho- 
dox Congregational Society of Danvers." 
Officers were chosen, arrangements made 
for securing a more suitable i)lace of wor- 
ship than the school-house where services 
had already been held, and a committee 
appointed to solicit subscriptions for 
future preaching. Incorporation followed 
a year later, April i, 1845. 

Steps were next taken to purchase the 
lot of land now occupie 1 by the Maple 


Street Church, and to l)uild upon it a 
basement story of rough granite ; upon 
which foundation was erected a struc- 
ture of wood, which was dedicated Jan. 
2, 1S45. This building was seventy by 
fifty-two feet in area, and was surmounted 
by a spire rising to a height of 144 feet 
from the ground. Six years later it was 
destroyed by an incendiary fire, only the 
granite walls remaining, as the basis of 
a new structure which was erected with- 
out needless delay. 

Meanwhile, on the fifth of December, 
1844, the 
church itself was 
organized by a 
company of 
forty- two p e r- 
sons, all but two 
o f whom had 
been members 
of the church at 
Danvers Centre. 
Until April 30, 
1857, the name 
of the new or- 
ganization was 
the Third Con- 
church in Dan- 
vers, the term 
Maple Street 
Church being 
assumed at that 

The first 
meeting looking 
to the organiza- 
tion of a church 
i n distinction 
from the eccle- 
siastical society 
already formed, was held July 24 ; the 
creed and covenant, substantially the 
same as now, were adopted Sept. 4 ; and 
the actual organization was affected Dec. 
5, in the house of John A. Learoyd, one 
of the principle projectors of the enter- 
prise. Thenceforward, the two bodies. 
Church and Society, acted together in 
matters of mutual interest. Among the 
earliest of these was the choice of a min- 
ister who should serve as the first pastor. 
Not until July, however, was a pastor se- 




cured in the person of Rev. Richard Tol- 
man, to whom was paid a salary of six 
hunched dollars, afterward raised to seven 
hundred, with three weeks' vacation. 
This first pastorate continued three years 
and two months, and was terminated by 
the resignation and dismission of Mr. 

He was succeeded by Rev. James 
Fletcher, whose pastorate extended from 
June 20, 1S49 to May 21, 1S64 ; by Rev. 
William Carruthers, from April 18, 1S66, 
to March 28, 1868; by Rev. James 
Bran d, f r o m 
Oct. 6, 1869, to [ 
Nov. I, 1873 ; by 
Rev. Walter E. C. i 
Wright, from Oct. I 
12, 1 8 75, to Sei)t. j 
4, 1882 ; and bv I 
Rev. Edward O. 
Ewing,who was in- 
stalled X o V. I . 
1883, and who is 
pastor at the time 
when this sketch is 

ITpon the or- 
ganization of thr 
church two of its 
members vv ere 
chosen to serve as 
deacons : P'reder- 
ick Howe and 
Samuel R. Fowltr. 
This number was 
increased to three 
by the addition of 
John S. Eearoyd, 
July 15, 1864 ; 
since which time 
the ibllowing per- 
sons have been elected as vacancies have 
occurred : Eben Peabody, Samuel J'. 
Trask, Samuel L. Sawyer, and John S. 
Learoyd. The first of these has held the 
office since Dec. 5, 1875. 

These members have successively 
served the church as its clerks with terms 
greatly varying in length : ]5enjamin S. 
Turner, Jose|)hS. lilack, John S. Learoyd, 
Samuel P. Trask, Addison P. Learoyd, 
Edward C. Burbeck and John S. Learovd, 



Moses W. Putnam was the first super- 
intendent of the Sunday School, followed 
in 1852 by Joseph S. Black, in 1S55 by 
Nathaniel Hills, in 1865 by John S. Lea- 
royd, in 1895 l)y George W. Fiske, and 
in £898 bv John S. Learoyd, who suc- 
ceeds his honored father in each of the 
offices of deacon, clerk and sui)erinten- 
dent. In 1885 a Society of Christian 
Endeavor was formed, and a few years 
later a Junior F^ndeavor Society. The 
former of these has a present member- 
ship of 130, and the latter of 76. 

The history of 
" this church has 
been character- 
ized by several 
revivals of religion 
and conse(|uent 
large accessions 
to i t s meml)er- 
ship ; notably in 
1866, when 
eighty- two ]) e r- 
sons were received 
on confession 
of faith and seven- 
teen by letter 
from other 
churches ; and in 
1895, when seven - 
tv-eight were re- 
ceived on confes- 
sion, and twenty- 
two l)y letter. The 
original member- 
ship of forty-two 
has increased to 
j one of three hun- 

dred eighty-two, 

besides the many 
who have removed 
to other churches or have passed into the 
other world. The entire roll of members 
u]) to Jan. I, 1899, contains seven hun- 
dred fifty-one names. 

At the outset the Sunday School con- 
sisted of twelve teachers and one hundred 
fourteen ])upils, with an average attend- 
ance of seventy- five. It now has a mem- 
bership in its several deimrtments (main, 
I)rimary, kindergarten, and home) of 584, 
with 39 classes and an average attendance 
(aside from the home department) of 342. 



The annual contributions of Maple 
Street Church to benevolent causes 
amount to over 
two thousand dol- 
lars in cash ; and 
three of its mem- 
bers are engaged 
in the missionary 
work in China. 
Plainly it exists 
not for itself alone, 
but lor humanity 
and for God. 


Edward C. Ew- 
ing : Born in VVal- 
pole, N. H., Dec. 
20, 1837. Spent 
boyhood and 
youth in various 
places, chiefly in 
that ])art of West 
S])ringfield which 
afterward became 
the city of Hol- 
yoke, Mass. Pre- 
pared for college 
at Northfield In- 
stitu t e ; 
ed from 
Amhers t 
Colleg e 
in 1859 ; 
stud i e d 
a t Ban- 
gor and 
Prin ce- 
ton Sem- 
inar i e s, 
each of 
gradua t- 
e d i n 
I 8 6 3. 
Pastor at 

Mass., three and a half years, at Enfield, 
Mass., fifteen vears, and at Danvers since 

Nov. I, 1883. Married Mary L. Alvord 
of Philadeli)hia, Oct. 13, 1863 ; rejoices 
in four adult sons, 
two of whom are 
missionaries i n 
North China, one 
is professor i n 
Wabash College, 
Crawfords v i 1 1 e, 
Ind., and one en- 
gaged in business 
in Boston. 


Church. (Rom. 




The first Cath- 
olic service was 
held i n Danvers, 
Nov. I, 1854, at 
the house of Rev. 
K d w a r d Mc- 
Iveigue. T h e 
officiating clergy- 
man was Rev. 
Thomas N. Sha- 
han of the church 
of the Immaculate 
Salem. Regular 
servic e s 
soon t o 
b e held 
in Frank- 
lin Hall, 
and a f- 
i n a 
c h a p e 1 
w h i c h 
stood on 
the south 
side o f 
near the 
old cem- 
etery. In 
1859 the 
first built by the Universalist Society was 
])urchased ; aiid after an occupancy of 



several years, this building having been 
greatly enlarged and remodeled, was ded- 
icated anew by the Right Rev. Bishop J. 
|. Williams of Boston, April 30, 187 1. 
Previous to 1864 pastoral duties were per- 
formed by clergymen from Salem. From 
Oct. 13, of that year, Rev. Charles Ranoni 
had charge of this parish, and also of the 
Catholic parish at Marblehead, having his 
residence in Danvers. In 1S72 he re- 
moved to Marblehead, the parishes being 
separated, and his place was taken by 
Rev. Fr. O'Reilly, who remained but a 
year. Rev. 
Patrick Jos- 
e p h Halley 
was appoint- 
ed to Dan- 
vers in April, 
1873, and his 
pastorate ex- 
tended t o 
Sejite m b e r, 
1882 ; R e V. 
D. B. Kenne- 
dy's, from the 
last date to 
April, 1885, 
when the 
present pas- 
tor, Rev. 
Thomas K. 
Power, w a s 
appoi n ted. 
The pastor's 
residence oc- 
c u p i e s a 
pleasant site 
overlook i n g 
the river. This 
is the largest 
parish in the 


Calvary Church. (Episcopal.) 

Mr. Joseph Adams of St. Peter's 
Church, vSalem, having removed to Dan- 
vers (to the Braman House on Pine St.), 
was interested in founding a Parish ; and 
there was a sufficient number of people 
from England and the Provinces, mem- 
bers of the Church of luigland, and oi 
others who were devoted to the doctrines 

and rites of the Church to make a good 

The first services were held in the hall 
of the bank building in the summer of 
1857, by Rev. George Leeds, Rector of 
St. Peter's Church, Salem. 

Early in 1858 the services were held 
by Rev. Edward Cowley for a few weeks. 
He was succeeded by Rev. Robert F. 
Chase, Rector of St. James' Church, 
Amesbury, who became the Rector of the 
Parish upon its organization, 14 April, 
1S58, and entered upon his duties 9 May. 

T h e first 
wardens were 
Joseph A d- 
ams and John 
S. I'ratt ; ves- 
t r y m e n, 
Charles H. 
Adams, Dan- 
iel J. Preston, 
Joseph ( T. 
Prentiss, W'il- 
lard Howe, 
Eri Hayward. 
Contri b u- 
tions having 
been received 
for building a 
Church, and 
a lot secured 
(in the corner 
o f Holten 
and Cherry 
streets, a 
building com- 
mittee w a s 
appo i n t e d, 
viz., Joseph 
Adams, E d- 
ward D. Kim- 
ball, Jesse W. Snow, A. Proctor Perley, 
Charles H. Adams. The plans were fur- 
nished by Ryder & Fuller of Boston. d"he 
cornerstone was laid on Wednesday, 11 
May, 1S59, l)y Rt. Rev. Morton East- 
burn, r>ishop of Massachusetts. Among 
the numerous documents placed in the 
stone were the following : Proceedings at 
the rece])tion and dinner in honor of 
(;eorge I'eabody, Es(|., of London, by 
the citizens of the old town of Danvers, 
6 October, 1856 ; annual re])ort of the 



trustees of the Peabody Institute ; address 
of the Mayor of Salem upon the organiza- 
tion of the city government, 24 January, 
1859 ; rules and orders of the City Coun- 
cil of the city of Salem ; copy of a ser- 
mon preached in London, A. D., 1773, 
before the society for the propagation of 
the gospel in foreign parts ; a ms. sermon 
preached A. D., 1778 by Rt. Rev. Ed- 
ward Bass, first Bishop of Massachusetts. 
"Owing chiefly, under God, to the lib- 
erality of Edward D. Kimball and Jose]>h 
Adams, Esqrs. (who generously gave the 
land, sufficient for 

Rector, which was received in October, 

Rev. Mr. Chase resigned in July, 1865. 
There is no record of the two years fol- 
lowing. Rev. W. VV. Silvester served the 
parish as reader (before his ordination) 
from the spring of 1867 till the fall of 
1868. Rev. S. J. Evans became Recloi 
in the spring of 1869, and remained un- 
til October, 187 1. Rev. W. I. MagiU 
was Rector from June, 1872, to August, 
1877, and Rev. George Walker became 
Rector in November following, and also 
of St. Paul's, Pea- 

the Church and 
Rectory a n d a 
garden, and bore 
the greater part 
of the cost of the 
building), the 
church was erect- 
ed, and on Friday, 
25 May, i860, 
consecrated b y 
the Rt. Rev. Man- 
t o n Eastburn, 
1). 1)., to the wor- 
ship and service 
of Almighty God, 
the Father, the 
Son, and the Holy 

The organ was 
given by Mr. Ed- 
ward 1). Kimball, 
the altar vessels, 
books, etc. b y 
members of the 
parishes of St. I 
Peter's and Grace, 
Salem, and S t. 
James', A m e s- 

bury. The bell was given by Mr. Adams, 
and used for the first time on the first 
Sunday in Advent, A. D., i860. Mr. 
Adams also gave two hundred books for 
the library, for the use of the Rector. 

A lot of land had been bequeathed in 
1847 by Miss Collins, for the erection of 
a Church (l':i)iscopal) ; but the location 
was thought undesirable, and the legacy 
was not claimed. 

Mr. Kimball added to his other bene- 
factions a beijuest for the support of the 

body, where h e 
resided. He re- 
signed in Febru- 
ary, 1 888. The 
Parish House was 
built in 1886. He 
was succeeded by 
Rev. A. W. Griifin 
(April, 1888- 
May, 1890), dur- 
ing whose rector- 
ship the Church 
w a s thoroughly 

Rev. J. \V. 
H y d e became 
Rector i n June, 
1890. In the 
same year the 
Rectory was built 
i n anticipation 
(with her con- 
sent) of a bequest 
by Mrs. Daniel J. 
Preston, who was 
one of the most 
, ^^^^ active and eftic- 

ient of the foun- 
ders and sustainers of the Parish. She 
died in October, 1894, and the Rectory 
stands as a memorial of her. 

Unitarian Society. 

In the f.ll of 1S64 Mr. Philip H. 
Wentworth of Ro.\bury purchased of Mr. 
Edward I). Kimball the Prince Nichols 
farm now owned by Mrs. Leopold Morse 
in the westerly j^art of the town upon 
Bea\er Dam Brook, and to which he 



removed with his fimily, who were mem- 
bers of the Mount Pleasant Society in 
Roxbury, of which Rev. Dr. Alfred P. 
Putnam had been a former pastor. They 
attended the First Church in Salem until 
the following August, when they, like the 
occupants of the Farms in that \icinity, 
two hundred years before, thought it best 
to try and form or establish a church 
nearer and more convenient fur them. 
So they with the Rev. Dr. Putnam, their 
former pastor, a son of Old Danvers. who 
was very much interested in the move- 
ment to establish a Unitarian Society 
in town, had it announced that Dr. 

John C. Butler and Alfred Mackenzie 
were chosen a standing committee 
and Mr. Andrew Nichols clerk, and a 
sufficient sum of money was pledged to 
continue the services in the 'i'own Hall 
on each succeeding Sunday and they 
were so continued until its chapel on 
High street was dedicated in 1S71. 

The Rev. Leonard J. Livermore, of 
Lexington, preached his first sermon to 
this Society on April 7, 1S67, and un- 
der his administration the Society was 
duly organized on the 28th of the July 
following, just two years from the first 
service held in Town Hall. It was legally 


Putnam would hold a service at Town 
Hall on Sunday, July 30th, 1865, which 
service was followed on every Sunday in 
August by a number of the most noted 
ministers in the denomination. On the 
last Sunday of the month a notice was 
given that all persons interested in the 
formation of a LInitarian Society are 
requested to meet at this Hall on Thurs- 
day evening next, August 31, 1865. Of 
the twenty-one persons who attended 
that meeting, ten have since deceased and 
six have removed from town, .^t that 
meeting, Messrs. Philip H. Wentworth, 

organized as a religious society on Decern 
ber 2, I 86 7. 

(Jn Sunday, August 5. 1867, a com- 
mittee was appointed to make arrange- 
ments with Rev. Mr. Livermore to offici- 
ate as pastor. At the annual meeting, 
January 4, 1869, the article to build a 
church or chapel ujion the Society lot on 
High street at the corner of Porter street, 
which had been purchased at the auction 
sale of Capt. Eben Putnam's estate, was 

On June 26, 1869, Messrs. Philip H. 
Wentworth, Charles T. Stickney and 



Andrew Nichols were chosen a committee 
to erect a chapel on the above described 
lot when the subscriptions amounted to a 
certain sum. The ground was broken 
for the foundation in the spring of 1S70, 
and the annual meeting Januarys, 1S71 
was held in its parlors. The plans by 
Mr. Nichols with the elevation plans by 
Mr. Samuel F. Eveleth were adopted. 
The chapel was dedicated on Thursday, 
the 1 6th of March, 187 i. 

The pulpit was given by Alfred Fel- 
lows, the marble clock by the Aft. 
Pleasant Society of Roxbury, and a sil- 
ver communion and christening service by 
the society in Brooklyn, N. Y., over which 
Rev. Dr. Putnam was settled. 

On Sunday, March 19, the first service 
was held, at which some children of the 
society were christened. 

At the annual meeting January i, 1872 
it was voted to install as its pastor the 
Rev. Leonard Jarvis Livermore, who had 
preached and labored there so success- 
fully for over four years. 

He accepted the same and was in- 
formally installed the 15 th of March, 
1872, and he very acceptably filled the 
office as pastor until his death on the 
30th of May, 1886, which had been pre- 
ceded by the death of Phili]) H. W'ent- 

The Rev. John Calvin Mitchell, who 
had been settled over the Orthodox Con- 
gregational Church at Wenham, was en- 
gaged to supply the pulpit for one year 
from the ist of January, 1887, which was 
continued for another year. He was duly 
installed as pastor on Thursday, May 3d, 
1888, which relationship continued for 
one year to May i, 1889. 

The Rev. Eugene DeNormandie of 
Sherborn was engaged to supply for one 
year from the ist of May, 1890, which 
engagement was continued from year to 
year until he withdrew his connection 
April ist, 1897. 

Mr. Kenneth E. Evans of the P>angor 
Theological School was engaged for one 
year from the 1st of September, 1897, 
and w-as ordained on the 27 th of October 
of that year, and on Sept. i, 1898 was 
engaged for a further term. 

The corporate name of the Society is 

the L^nitarian Congregational Society of 
Danvers, which was adopted at one of 
its early meetings, the name of the 
" First Unitarian Society of Danvers " 
being the name given to the Society at 
Peabody in 1825. 

This Society is strictly a free church, 
all are welcome, there being no owner- 
shi|) of pews, and maintains its services 
by the voluntary subscriptions, and is free 
from debt. 

Its officers at the present time are 
Calvin Putnam, H. B, Learnard, Charles 
Newhall, Mr. A. A. Legro and A. S. 
Kelley, Standing Committee ; VVm. S. 
Grey, Charles Newhall and John Eum- 
mus. Trustees ; P. T. Derby, Treasurer ; 
Andrew Nichols, Clerk; andWm.S. Grey, 
Superintendent of the Sunday School. 

Methodist Episcopal Church. 

In Sept., 187 1, the late Rev. Albert 
Gould, pastor of the M. E. Church, Pea- 
body, Mass., with four leading Methodists 
from Lynn, came to Danvers for the pur- 
pose of seeing if it was best to commence 
services under the auspices of the M. K. 
Church. The field was well surveyed. 
The part of the town called Tapleyville 
was the place where a church was most 
needed. The first service was held in 
Lincoln Hall, Tapleyville, Oct. 22, 1871, 
Rev. Mr. Gould preaching forenoon and 
afternoon. In December of this same year, 
Elias Hodge, a student of Boston Uni- 
versity Theological School, became a per- 
manent supply. In April of the follow- 
ing year a public meeting was called for 
the purpose of taking into consideration 
the erection of a new church. A build- 
ing committee was appointed and sub- 
scription papers were at once put into 
circulation. Gilbert Tapley and his son 
Augustus headed the list with subscrip- 
tions of $2,000 each, and all gave gener- 
ously and according to their ability. The 
present location was selected and the 
land was given by G. A. Tapley. The 
corner stone was laid July 2, 1872, Bishop 
Gilbert Haven being present and making 
an address. The church was completed 
and dedicated Mar. 27, 1873, Rev. F. 
H. Newhall, D. I)., then of Lynn, preach- 



ing the dedicatory sermon on " the Chris- 
tian's Inheritance." The cost of the 
church building was about :f;i5,oo(), with 
all but $6,000 raised at time of dedica- 
tion. The first superintendent of the 
Sunday School was Bro. O. D. Hani, and 
Mrs. Mary A. Cheney was chosen first 
president of the Ladies' Society. 

In April, 1S75, Bro. Hodges, having 
been with the church as pastor three 
years, the length of pastorate then allowed 
by the M. E. Church, was succeeded l)y 
the late Rev. R. H. Howard, under 
whose pastorate 
the church con- 
tinued to flour- 
ish. Following 
Bro. Howard in 
1877 came Rev. 
Garrett Beek- 
man, during 
whose pastorate 
the debt of 
$6,000 was paid. 
Rev. W. J. Ham- 
bleton came to 
this people Apr., 
18S0 and re- 
mained three 
years. During 
h i s pastorate 
great spiritual 
prosperity pre- 
vailed. Rev. 
VV. M. Ayres was 
pastor for the 
succeeding three 
years. Peace 
and harmony 
prevailed during 
the pastorate of 
this saintly 
brother. Just before the close of Mr. 
Ayres' last year he was prostrated with 
nervous exhaustion and has never since 
been able to resume active service. He 
still lives among us and his presence is a 
benediction. The next shepherd ap- 
pointed to this flock was the late Rev. 
Charles A. Merrill, whose ministrations to 
this and all charges he has served were 
seasons of refreshing from the Lord. The 
annual conference of 1888 sent Rev. |. 
H. Tompson to preside over this [)eo- 


pie. It was during this pastorate that 
the church was remodeled and beautified 
without a dollar of indebtedness. It is 
due to [iros. H. J. Call and L. D. Cros- 
by, to record that to them great honor 
should be given for the consummation of 
this work. It was during Rev. L.W.Adams' 
l)astorate that, through the efforts of 
chorister A. W. Howe, a fine pipe organ 
was purchased and put in place in the 
church. During the pastorate of Rev. 
W. F. Lawford, the twenty-fifth anniver- 
sary of the church was celebrated. Un- 
der this brother's 
pastorate a good 
work was done. 
Rev. H. H. 
Paine came to 
this church Apr., 
1897. Although 
Mr. Paine was 
over this church 
b u t one year, 
during this time 
plans were con- 
summated for a 
new parsonage, 
and the present 
pastor. Rev. H. 
B. King, found 
a new and com- 
modious house 
ready for his oc- 


Rev. Harry B. 
King was born 
in Norfolk, 
E n g 1 a n d. 
Shortly after his birth, his parents moved 
to London, where Mr. King's younger 
days were passed. In 1S76 he came to 
this country, shortly after which he was 
converted. Mr. King lived in Boston for 
several years. Feeling a call to the min- 
istry, after spending seven years in the 
following institutions, Kimball Union 
Academy, Dartmouth Colleg:^ and Boston 
University, he joined the New England 
Conference at Worcester, April, 1889. 
.Since that time he has served the follow- 



mg charges : — Belchertovvn, St. Luke'?, 
Lynn, Warren, Mittineague and Tapley- 
V i 11 e. He 
was appoint- 
ed Apr., 1 898. 
to this last 
charge. Mr. 
King was 
married Jan. 
15, 1890 to 
Miss S. Ella 
Hendrick of 
Ch i c o p e e, 
Mass. They 
have one 
Mabel E., 
about eight 
years of age. 

Day Ad- 


In the sum- 
mer of 1877, 
Elder D. W. 
C a n r i g h t 
pitched a 
large tent on 
the vacant 
lot near the 
corner of 
Majile and 
Hobart Sis., 
and after 
nearly every 
evening for 
three months, 
on Dec. 11, 
he organized 
a church of 
al)OUt sixty 
members. In 
the fall of the 
same year, a 
church was 
built and i t 
was dedicat- 
ed in the 
spring of 1878 


ut fifty 
at I I 



Regular services have cussed 
iDeen held weekly, present membership 

. Sabbath school every Satur- 
.15 A. M. Meeting 1.15 p. m. 
Sunday even- 
ing meeting, 
7 o'clock. 
Present offi- 
cers. Elder, 
G. F. Fiske ; 
Dea., W. H. 
Supt., J. H. 
Tiney ; Asst. 
Supt., E. R. 

The keep- 
ing of Satur- 
day as the 
Sabbath day 
serves as a n 
distingu i s h- 
ing feature of 
this society, 
whose mem- 
b e r s are 
earnest, faith- 
ful and hope- 
t u 1 ])eople. 
The organiza- 
tion has done 
much good in 
many direc- 
tions, and al- 
though not 
among the 
larger socie- 
ties, it is not 
without i t s 
infiuence i n 
the morale of 
t h e town. 
]) r e a c h i n g 
services are 
held from 
week to week, 
conducted by 
out of town 
when leading 
religious top- 
ics are dis- 
The church building is on 
I'ulnam street, near Maple. 



As a Community. 

Many factors enter into the making of 
a community. The cHmate, the geograph- 
ical conditions, the soil, the character 

the community reenforce the work of the 
churches and the schools. 'J'he social life 
here will not tolerate immorality or iniq- 
uity in any form. The town regularly 
declares against license. Moral suasion 


of first settlement, the intellectual and 
moral trend, the activity and the pursuits 
of its people, and all that is in life, in fact, 
goes to determine what a community is 
and is to be. The origins of Danvers were 

and the strong arm of the law join forces 
to accomplish the best results for society. 
The churches and the courts are equally 
active in sustaining the morale of the 


such as laid broad and tleep the founda- 
tions for a good community. Nowhere 
are morality, law and order more re- 
spected than in Danvers. The homes of 


As a place of residence Danvers has 
manv attractions. The location is a de- 



lightful one, and its eligibility in this re- 
gard has had much to do with the devel- 
opment of its resources. The sanitary 
condition of the town is in the highest 


degree creditable, and as a result the 
death-rate is low. Taxation is being re- 
duced ; the town has telegraph, tele- 
phone, and ex- 
press services am- 
ple for all require- 
ments, the lines 
of transportation 
insuring the low- 
est rates ; and all 
these and other 
advantages com- 
bine to make liv- 
ing in Danvers 
cheaper, better, 
and more pleasant 
than in many oth- 
er places of the 
same population, 
while there are 
generally oppor- 
tunities for em- 
ploy m e n t for 
skilled artisans 
and day laborers. 

Then the town from her favorable situa- 
tion, her advantageous surroundings, her 
commercial facilities, her business oppor- 

tunities, her advantages as a manufactur- 
ing and distributing point, her wealth and 
intelligence, refinement and culture of her 
people, for public and private enterprises, 
and the thousand 
and one things 
that tend to make 
a town a desirable 
place of resi- 
dence, are attract- 
ing the attention 
of people in other 
parts of the State, 
and, as a natural 
result, capital and 
business enter- 
prise are coming 
to the town in 
measure and help- 
ing to raise it to a 
deserved plane 
among the manu- 
facturing centres 
of the State. Dan- 
vers has every- 
thing to offer that can be desired, wheth- 
er for private residence o : the carrying on 
of manufacturing and commercial pursuits. 


and its future is one of a most promising 
and hoi>eful character. The streets are 
wide, regular, and well shaded, while in all 



parts of the town the residences are con- 
spicuous for their neat and tasty appear- 
ance, most of them being surrounded by 
fine lawns, presenting an air of thrift and 


comfort. The number of elegant and 
substantial mansions is surprisingly large 
for a town of this size, and indicative of 
wealth, refinement 
and cultivation of 
a high order. 
Aside from these, 
her rich and pic- 
turesque s u r - 
roundings, her 
fine schools and 
churches, and, 
above all, her 
healthful location, 
make Danvers a 
very desirable 
place for perma- 
n e n t homes. 
Much activity is 
observable in the 
building of new 
residences. The 
work of the Im- 
provement socie- 
ty in beautifying 
the town and establishing a juiblir park 
is a matter of general knowledge and fav- 
orable comment. 


No consideration is more essential to 
the continued prosperity and happiness 
of a community 
than health. Sta- 
tistics prove that 
Danvers is one of 
the most healthful 
towns in the state. 
Its climate is pure 
and genial, the 
high temperature 
of summer being 
modified by its 
proximity to the 
ocean, while in 
winter the cold is 
not ordinarily ex- 
c e s s i v e . The 
town is subject to 
no prevailing dis- 
eases, is well 
drained, and its 
sanitary condition 
is well regulated 
by an efficient board of health. In com- 
parison with other towns the per centage 
of mortality, 15.73 ^ thousand, is low. 


The natural features of soil, climate and 
topography are conducive to health, and 
the natural drainage of the locality has 



saved the tax-payer's pocket and preserved 
his health. With the introduction of the 
vi'ater works the necessary sewers followed 
to improve the sanitary system. A practi- 
cal, well-built system of catch basins is 
found in the town. Public improvements 
and regulations are constantly lowering 
the mortality. 


The latest report shows that the deaths 
for one year were, females, 107 ; males, 
92. Births : females, 76 ; males 74. 
There were 74 marriages solemnized. 

its character as the basis, the safe, the 
sure and the indestructible. Time, ex- 
perience and statistics show conclusively 
that an investment in real estate is the 
most profitable known to finance. Real 
estate grows in value in proportion with 
the increase of commerce, of education 
and of manufactures. 

Danvers is a town in which her citizens 
largely own their own homes. The build- 
ing operations in Danvers during the past 
two or three years have been a matter of 
wonder; the large number of substantial 
and even expensive structures erected 



Ever since the establishment of the earli- 
est American settlement in this country, 
each succeeding year has more fuUv 
demonstrated the fact that it is as much 
of a characteristic or inborn desire of most 
Americans to own real estate as it is char- 
acteristic of them to be independent, free 
citizens. " Real estate is the basis of all 
wealth," still holds good, and never was 
this so positive as at the present time. 
Real estate asa commodity for investment 
has long since conclusively demonstrated 

during that period, including schools, 
residences, and the remodeling of the his- 
toric Berry Tavern, show an abundant 
measure of prosperity. There are at 
present many buildings under course of 
construction and projected and this fact 
speaks elocjuently for the steady growth 
and great popularity of Danvers as a place 
in which to establish a home. There has 
been no fictitious and unnatural boom in 
prices of real estate here. \\'hatever in- 
crease in values has come, has been be- 
cause of a legitimate demand for the 
property. Realty is in demand not onlv 



for investment, but for homes for the 
people who buy. As an investment it is 
safe and sure, yielding a good percentage 
on the capital invested. It is a significant 
fact that outside capita! thinks highly of 

pie who are here to reside, to own their 
homes and to be useful citizens. Those 
who own their homes do so from a desire 
to own and hold property that is con- 
stantly increasing in value. Danvers real 


Danvers realty as security and that a large 
percentage of demands for Danvers real 
estate comes from people who want it for 
homes. The large amount of money on 

estate has been a splendid and sure in- 
vestment and it will continue to be so. 
The stability of the town's institutions, the 
class of men interested in it, the absence 


deposit in the savings bank is indicative 
of the industry and thrift of the people. 
The majority of this money is the savings 
of wage earners. They are a class of peo- 

of any inllation or boom in prices, the 
construction and purchase of homes for a 
permanent class of population, all argue 
in one direction — the stable and constant- 



ly increasing value of realty. No boom 
in real estate is expected, or desired, in 
Danvers. There will continue to be a 
steady natural demand for property, cre- 
ated by the constant increase in popula- 
tion and the inflow of new residents. 



The schools are provided with plenty 
of books and supplies, and an excellent 
corps of earnest, well trained teachers who 
are fully alive to the duties and responsi- 
bilities of their 
])ositions. 1 1 
seems to be the 
purpose of the 
citizens of Dan- 
vers to cherish 
their schools, to 
make them more 
efficient, and to 
let no policy of 
undue retrench- 
m e n t nullify 
what has been 
a c CO mplished, 
for they believe 
that the brain 
power,which it is 
the province of 
the teacher to 
impart to the young, is a source" of great 
material prosperity. The general course 
of study has been broadened and strength- 
ened by the introduction of nature lessons 
in connection with language and drawing. 

Geograi)hy, history, music and literature 
are taught in a simple but systematic man- 
ner in all grades from Primary to High 
school by a proper correlation of these 
subjects with reading and spelling. Latin 
and Algebra have been introduced into 
the Grammar 
school course. 
The result has 
been both a 
larger number of 
pupils to grad- 
uate from this 
department and 
larger classes to 
enter the High 
school. The 
High school 
course of study 
has been ex- 
tended and 
streng t h e n e d 
greatly, espec- 
ially in classical 
and scientific 
lines. A practical laboratory for experi- 
mental work in chemistry and physics and 
electricity has been provided and equip- 
ped and has proved of inestimable bene- 
fit to the pupils in their studies. The 
spirit and tone of school life has been ris- 


ing and imi)roving gradually. Three new 
school buildings, accommodating one- 
third have recently been built, and anoth- 
er is being constructed. The High school 
occupies its* new quarters in the remod- 



eled town house. The history of Danvers 
records no equivalent improvement in the 
same period as that of the past two or 
three years. A new feature in school 
work has been introduced last year. A 
kindergarten school for children from 
three and a half to five years was started 
in the Danversport schoolhouse under the 
direction of the Danvers AVomen's Asso- 
ciation and continued until the summer 
vacation. It 
was again 
opened i n 
Septem b e r 
and contin- 
u e d until 
Christ m a s, 
and has this 
spring been 
held in the 
T a p 1 e y 
It was fre- 
quently vis- 
ited by the 
committe e , 
w h o were 
ni u c h 
pleased with 
the methods 
adopted in 
the training 
of the little 
folks and 
were grati- 
fied with the 
results a t - 
tained. The 
outlook i s 
most e n - 
coura g i n g 
on account 
of the inter- 
est and en- 
t h u s i a s m 

manifested by the ])eople, the devotion 
and hearty co-operation prevailing among 
the teachers, and the unity and harmony 
which characterize every effort made to 
improve the schools and elevate the stand- 
ards of instruction. Fostered as they are 
by a generous j)ublic, sustained by an en- 
lightened sentiment, and assisted by the 
stimulating inlluence of a strong progres- 

s Glover, i'liiu'ipal Powers, 

Misi Caiiipbell. Miss Kicliinond, 

sive public spirit, there is no reason why 
the schools of Danvers should not take an 
advanced position among the best in the 


Herbert K. Wentworth is a graduate of 
the Bridgewater High and State Normal 
schools and has had an experience in 
grammar school work extending over a 

period o f 
s i X t e e n 
years. He 
was master 
of the Pond 
Brain tree, 
for four 
years, after- 
ward a c - 
cepting the 
prin c i p a 1- 
ship of the 
Falls school. 
At tleboro. 
where he re- 
mained two 
years, com- 
ing fro m 
thence t o 
Danvers as 
principal of 
the Tapley 
school. His 
work in con- 
nection with 
the school 
has been of 
a high order 
and has 
been emi- 
nently satis- 
factory t o 
the school 
committe e , 
and the ])upils have been commended for 
their excellent rendering of vocal music 
on Memorial Day and other public occa- 
sions. Mr. Wentworth has been unusual- 
ly successful in his objective methods of 
teaching, and has displayed his ability 
to analyze, revise and adapt a study to 
the class he is teaching. He is the au- 
thor of the text-book " Objective Lessons 

Miss Herrick 
Miss Eaton. 



in English," which he has recently co|)y- 

righted and expects to publish this ye ir. 

Mr. Wentworth enjoys the confidence of 

his scholars and 

their parents. I'he 

Tapley school is 

sufficient proof of 

the capability of 

the teacher, and 

his efficiency in 

adapt i n g the 

course of siudy to 

the various classes 

is the result of 

sound judgment 

and the experience 

gained in many 

years of grammar 

school work. 


Lewis W. San- 
born, principal of 
the Danversport 
grammar school, 
was born in Unity, 
N. H., Ian. 20, 
1847. In 1S58 
he moved to 
Claremont, N.H., 
and began his 
education in the 


course for college at New Hampshire 
Conference Seminary and Female College, 
in Tilton, N. H. While there he was as- 
sistant instructor 
in mathematics. 
His health be- 
c a m e impaired 
and he was 
obliged to aban- 
don study for a 
while, and when 
he resumed he did 
so in the role of a 
teacher, becoming 
principal of Tubbs 
Union Academy 
in Washington, N. 
H., in 187 I. Dur- 
ing his college 
course he taught, 
during winters, in 
Acworth, Newport 
and Claremont, N. 
H., and one winter 
in Vermont. He 
was superinten- 
dent of schools in 
Claremont, N. H., 
in 1 87 1 and was 
re-elected in 1872. 
He soon resigned 


public schools and academy in that place. 
He afterward attended the academy in 
New London, N. H., and finallv took a 

to accept the ]:>osition of principal of the 
Danversport school, which he has held 
uninterruptedly for nearly twenty-eight 



years. He is a 
conscientious and 
effective teacher, 
with exceptional 
ability to impart 
knowledge, and 
he seldom or nev- 
er fails to graduate 
every pupil of his 
first class directly 
from his school in- 
to the High 
school. He is a 
conservative but 
exceedingly pop- 
ular man. He has 
a wife and son. 

Retail Trade. 

No community 
of equal size in 
New England is 
more favored in 
the extent, variety 
and quality of its 
retail mercantile 
establi s h m e n t s 
than Danvers. Ev- 


ery branch o f 
trade is represent- 
ed by an adequate 
number of dealers 
to furnish a salu- 
tary amount of 
competition. This 
competition is ad- 
vantageous as a 
spur to the various 
merchants, n o t 
only to retail 
goods at favorable 
figures to the con- 
sumers, but as an 
incentive for the 
various dealers to 
outdo their com- 
petitors in variety 
and completeness 
of the stock of 
goods carried. It 
is true that most 
of the staple goods 
that can be found 
in the large trad- 
ing centres may 
be found in Dan- 
vers stores upon 




fully as favorable terms. There is thus no 
legitimate excuse for the people to trade 
out of town. This spirit of patronizing and 
supporting home merchants finds a ready 
reciprocity in the tradesmen in the shape of 
the best in all lines of goods at the narrow- 
est margins consistent with legitimate and 
reasonable living profits. Thus it happens 
that there is found in Danvers a class of 
merchants broad and liberal enough to 
co-operate for the general betterment of 
business conditions, a class of citizens 
wise enough to patronize the home mer- 
chants. The many advantages of trading 
in Danvers are so well known that people 
come from an ever increasing radius to 
barter, to sell their products and to buy 
their supplies. Thus Danvers is the cen- 
tral trading 
])oint of a 
much larger 
territory than 
the average 
town of the 
same size and 
i m portance. 
There is no 
p ere eptible 
reason why 
this pleasing 
condition of 
affairs should 
not continue, 
thus giving 
every assur- 
ance of 
steady, sub- 
stantial growth and permanent prosperity. 


The growth of any community is great- 
ly enhanced by the extent and liberal 
character of its transportation facilities. 
Few towns in the commonwealth are bet- 
ter provided with railroad facilities both 
for shipping and for passenger traffic than 
Danvers. The Boston & Maine R. R. 
affords an easy outlet and inlet to the 
town, there being nine passenger stations 
within the town limits. This road gives 
quick transportation to the various trade 
centres toward any point of the compass, 
twenty-one trains arriving and departing 
from Danvers daily. The Lynn & Boston 


Street railway, recently absorbed by the 
big syndicate, has an excellently equipped 
and managed electric road with a half hour 
service to the principal adjoining cities. 
The Postal and Western Union telegraph 
companies and the New England Tele- 
phone and Telegraph company maintain 
offices here and place Danvers in direct 
communication with the entire world. 
The American and other express compa- 
nies are represented and do a general for- 
warding business. 


One object of this work is to bring to 
the attention of manufacturers and capi- 
talists the many advantages Danvers of- 
fers either for the establishment of new 

industries or 
the extension 
of those al- 
ready in oper- 
ation in other 
]D 1 a c e s . 
Among the 
Intel 1 i g e n t 
and well 
merchants of 
Danvers the 
si)irit of pub- 
lic and com- 
mercial prog- 
ress is strong- 
ly developed, 
and among 
these that feeling of unity of thought and 
action so absolutely necessary to individ- 
ual and collective welfare is most striking- 
ly displayed. These representative men 
have always been alive to the fact that 
prosperity based upon commercial inter- 
ests exclusively must of necessity be 
ephemeral and short-lived. They have 
actively and practically encouraged the 
location of manufacturing enterprises of 
all kinds, and will do so again. Every ef- 
fort that is consistent with honest, ])ro- 
gressive endeavor will be gladly and vig- 
orously made. Let your enterprise be a 
good one and Danvers people will see 
that you receive every encouragement to 
locate here. -The men we want to avail 



themselves of the proffered advantages 
are those possessing thorough practical 
and technical knowledge of the business 
they propose to undertake and sufficient 
capital to establish and operate such busi- 
ness. To such men Danvers will extend 
a hearty welcome and they will have no 
difficulty in securing good factory sites 
and every facility for this purpose. No- 
where is there combined more of those 
elements which are so essential to the 
successful manufacture of goods of a va- 
ried character as in Danvers. The great 
system of the Boston and Maine R. R., 
converging in all directions, places Dan- 
vers in direct touch with the great com- 
mercial centres and markets of the coun- 
try ; this combined with the abundant 
supply of raw material and the large 
amount of capital lying ready to be in- 
vested in any legitimate enterprise having 
a reasonable prospect of success, all com- 
bine to make Danvers a desirable location 
for the establishment of industries. The 
close proximity to the large eastern cities 
and the lowness of the freight rates bring 
the cost of production down to the low- 
est possible figure and provide an excel- 
lent market for manufactured goods of 
every description. Our geographical 
position, the advantages of a commercial, 
financial and manufacturing centre already 
established, and a vast territory to supply, 
a good supply of skilled labor at very 
reasonable wages, leave nothing to be de- 
sired. Practically every class of goods 
can be successfully manufactured here to 
advantage and with a good profit to the 
manufacturer who does not have to pay 
an exhorbitant sum annually for freight 
to far-distant markets. It will be to the 
advantage of all those seeking a location, 
whether for business or residential pur- 
poses, to come and look the field over and 
obtain further particulars of what induce- 
ments are offered before deciding upon a 
location. To the man or corporation 
looking for a new location for business, 
profession or manufacturing, Danvers pre- 
sents a pleasing prospect. He sees here 
a diversity of industries, a variety in man- 
ufacturing, that insures ])rogress and 
prosperity. Then, too, the prospective 
new comer observes that the manufactur- 

ing interests of the town are in the right 
hands. They are owned and controlled 
principally by men interested in Danvers. 
They are interested in it, not only as the 
location of their lousiness, but as the home 
of their families, as the centre of their 
ambitions. The manufacturers of this 
town are invariably men who have large 
property interests here and are therefore 
vitally concerned for the growth and 
future welfare of this place. This, then, 
gives Danvers a large advantage over 
those numerous manufacturing towns 
where the masters of industries live and 
are interested in other cities. Danvers, 
as a community, extends a cordiality of 
reception to new comers which has been 
a factor in increasing its growth. 


Agriculture would seem to have been 
the primal industry which occupied Dan- 
ver's first settlers ; but she unquestionably 
owes the growth of the past years to the 
introduction of manufactures. Though 
there may be prejudices against such 
branches of industry, and some have re- 
garded manufacture as hostile to agricul- 
ture, we are persuaded there is no natural 
antagonism between the two. The manu- 
facturer and the mechanic must subsist on 
the products of the soil, and their pres- 
ence in an agricultural district not only 
creates a demand for the product of the 
farmer, but brings the market to his own 
door. The Danvers farmer, with his 
broad acres of grass and grain, not only 
finds a better market for his staples by 
the increase in population, but can dis- 
pose of his vegetables, fruits, and other 
produce for which there was formerly no 
local demand. The introduction of the 
shoe industry has, without doubt, tended 
towards the weal of the town, and placed 
it among the coming manufacturing cen- 
tres. Nor is it strange that a town so well 
located as Danvers should invite capital to 
be invested in manufacturing. There are 
at present shoe, leather, brick, box, rubber 
and necktie, iron works and machine shops, 
establishments, numbering in all 105. 
Market gardening is also an important in- 
dustry. These industries employ on an 
average of 1,113 persons, who receive in 



wages of $531,834 annually, an average of 
$477.84 for each person. The capital 
invested in manufacturing amounts to 
$899,105, and the yearly product is 
$2,619,085. Every business man knows 
the full value of intelligent, educated, 
skilled workmen. Nowhere is this phase 
more propitious than here. The business 
of the town enjoys a steady growth, speak- 
ing well for the prudence and foresight of 
the capitalists, merchants, manufacturers 
and investors who are here engaged in 
mercantile pursuits. It is conceded by 
all that Danvers, as 
a manufactur i n g 
centre, has many 
great advantages, 
and her claims in 
this respect are be- 
coming more fully 
recognized day by 
day. Fully alive to 
the fact that perma- 
nency of prosperity 
of any community 
lies in the posses- 
sion of an abun- 
dance of manufac- 
turing enterprises, 
the people of Dan- 
vers have of late 
years encouraged 
without stint the 
location here of in- 
dustrial establish- 
ments. Adequate 
and valuable advan- 
tages are afforded 
for manufactories, 
transportation facil- 
ities are unexcelled, 
living is cheap, and 

rents are low. The board of selectmen 
will be glad to answer incjuiries from manu- 
facturers contemplating settling here and 
every inducement will be affordetl. 

A leisurely walk through the streets of 
Danvers can not fail to cause pleasure. 
There are delightful drives extending in 
every direction, through some of the most 
beautiful and historic scenery in the 
country. Concrete sidewalks on the 
principal streets and macadamized roads 
are a feature of the town. The streets are 
wide, and at night are well lighted by 
electricity. Maple street is the principal 
busiaess thoroughfare and there are sev- 
eral streets in the residential portion of 
the town where have been erected many 
elegant edifices, the 
homes of our well- 
to-do residents. 

Electric Light 


Higfhway Department, 

Residents of Danvers, who have for 
years enjoyed the beauties of the shady 
walks, elegant residences, and well-kept 
streets, appreciate to the fullest decree the 
picturesqueness and beauty of the town. 

At the annual 
town meeting held 
in March, 1888, a 
committee consist- 
ing of N. L. Turner, 
T. J. Lynch, F. H. 
Caskin, S. C. Put- 
nam and George 
Tapley was appoint- 
ed to investigate 
and report on a 
street lighting sys- 
tem, : ^The subject 
of electric lighting 
was carefully con- 
sidered and the 
committee recom- 
mended that the 
town expend 
$15,000 to erect 
and maintain an 
electric light plant 
of its own. The report was received fav- 
orably and the sum was appropriated, a 
committee consisting of N. L. Turner, J. 
K. Dale, C. P. Kerans, S. C. Putnam, T. 
J. Lynch, George Tapley and F. H. Cas- 
kin being appointed to expend the appro- 
priation in installing the plant. The arc 
light system was decided upon and on 
August 2 a contract was entered into with 
the Brush I'.lectric Co. for the steam and 
electric plant, and with W. C. Huff for the 
erection of the- necessary buildings. On 



Jan. 2, 1889, the plant was completed 
and on the same evening seventy-two arc 
lights were lighted. It soon became ap- 
parent that the plant would have to be 
considerably enlarged and the matter was 
brought up at each succeeding town meet- 
ing, but action was delayed until 1896, 
when George B. Sears, Esq., T. J. Lynch, 
C. N. Perley, J. K. Ropes and F. H. Cas- 
kin weie appointed a committee to again 
consider the question, with the result that 
it was voted to appro])riate $11,000 and 
the same committee was directed to ex- 
pend same. Dec. 
3, iSg6, the plant 
was in operation, 
but even with 
these increased 
facilities the plant 
was found inade- 
quate for the de- 
mands made upon 
it by reason of the 
ever increasing 
popularity of elec- 
tricity as an illu- 
minant. At a 
special meeting 
called in July, 
1898, the superin- 
tendent asked for 
an appropriation 
of $5,500 to again 
enlarge the plant 
and it was granted 
together w i t h 
$8,500 for arc 
lamps. On Dec. 
14, the new two- 
phase alternater 
of 2,400 light ca- 
pacity was started, 
designed to furnish both light and power. 
The plant is one of the best equipped in 
the state and is now self supporting. 
Danvers was the first town in the state to 
own its electric lighting plant and the 
success of the experiment has proven that 
it was an excellent and renumerative in- 
vestment for the town. The demand for 
incandescent lights has far exceeded ex- 
pectations, and there is now a movement 
to run the plant continuously for both 
light and |)Ower. 



Mr. Lynch was born and reared in 
Danvers, where he attended the public 
schools and subsequently entered the 
stitching room of a shoe shop to learn 
the business. Later he bought the shoe 
fitting business of M. Manning which he 
conducted until it was moved to larger 
factories when he bought the patent rights 
of a button hole machine. \\'hen the firm 
of Martin, Clapp & French was formed 
Mv. Lynch contracted with them to do 
their fitting, buy- 
ing part of the 
machinery, stock 
and fittings which 
he removed to 
their factory in 
Tapleyville i n 
Sept. 1 88 1. The 
following Januarv 
the factory was 
devastated by fire 
and the business 
was moved to 
Lynn. Shortly 

afterward the gen- 
eral adoption of 
the Reese ma- 
chine deteriorat- 
ed the value of 
his ])atents and 
he retire<l from 
the business. Mr. 
Lynch has taken 
a deep and last- 
ing interest in 
municipal aftairs 
and has served on 
several important 
committees. 1 n 
t888, he was chairman of the committee 
api)ointed to consider the subject of street 
lighting, and also of the committee ap- 
pointed to expend $15,000 for an electric 
light plant. He was appointed superin- 
tendent of the electric light ])lant in 1890, 
and the same year was granted a patent 
on an arc lamp hanger which he had in- 
vented. Mr. Lynch was also chairman of 
the committee appointed in 1891 to con- 
sider the advisability of enlarging the elec- 
tric light i)lant for domestic and commer- 



cial purposes, and served on the commit- 
tee of 1S96 when the plant was enlarged. 
He acted as moderator of the special town 
meeting held in 1896. Mr. Lynch has 
been identified with various societies of 
Danvers and has been president of the C. 
T. A. Society ; Chief Ranger, M. C. O. 
F., and Master Workman A. O. U. W. 
His services on the various committees, 
and as superintendent of the town's elec- 
tric light plant have been eminently satis- 
factory and his wise counsel and mechan- 
ical ability have been beneficial factors 
in making the electric service a great and 
lasting success. He is now devoting his 
entire time to the plant, and is vastly in- 
creasing its efficiency. 

the department is 89, consisting of one 
chief, four assistants and 84 call men. 
The apparatus consists of 5 wagons, 4 
reels, i hook and ladder truck, 3 pungs, 5 
three gallon and 2 six gallon Babcock ex- 
tinguishers. The United States Fire 
Alarm system is in use, and there are 
about 30 alarm boxes and three or four 
steam whistles and bells connected with 
the department. There are 229 fire hy- 
drants and the water supply is more than 
adequate for all requirements, the high 
pressure enabling a stream to be thrown 
with ease over the highest building with- 
out the aid of an engine. As a conse- 
quence there is not an engine in the de- 
partment. Factories are supplied with 


Fire Department. 

In the efficiency of the fire department 
lies a measure of safety for the town and 
its inhabitants which cannot afford to 
be overlooked by any municipality con- 
ducted upon modern ideas of safety for 
life and property. From the bucket and 
axe brigade of the settlers of earlier years 
to the horse-drawn hose wagons and aerial 
trucks of the present day is indeed an 
evolution ; but as evolution in all things 
finite is an irrefragable law, so in this de- 
partment of our own municipality has the 
spirit of progress kept pace with the re- 
quirements of the times. The department 
is under the control of a board consisting 
of five firewards. The number of firemen in 

automatic sprinklers and other precautions 
against fire. The thorough efficiency of 
this department is a matter for congratu- 
lation, and under the present regime a 
minimum of danger by fire is assured. 

At present there is a movement to con- 
solidate the management of the fire, po- 
lice and electric light departments, with 
the view of increasing the efficiency and 
reducing cost of maintenance. The as- 
sertion is made that one chief officer and 
two assistants with a selected force of 
firemen, and four of their number under 
fair salary to act as electric linemen and 
s])ecial police, could more effectively and 
cheaply conduct the three departments 
than is now done under separate heads. 
The matter is being considered. 



Police Department. 

The police force ordinarily consists of 
five constables, elected yearly, and a chief 
of police appointed annually by the board 
of selectmen. This force patrols the 
business and residential portions of the 
town and has been effective in protect- 
ing the property of citizens and main- 
taining order. Although the appoint- 
ments are made upon a yearly basis, some 
members of the force enjoy a continued 
incumbency of office n^t observable un- 
der similar con- 
ditions in other 
towns. The lat- 
est re])ort shows 
the number of ar- 
rests to be : males, 
108 ; females, 12 ; 
minors, 1 1 . The 
fines paid at the 
district court were 
forty-seven, a g- 
gregating $578, 
and at the supe- 
rior court, one of 
$50. The aggre- 
g a t e imprison- 
ment was nine 
years and four 
months, and one 
prisoner received 
a life sentence. 
There were only 
four and a half 
gallons of whiskey 
and sixty-two bot- 
tles of beer seized. 
The net cost of the 
force for the year 
was $2,718.27. 

Water Works. 

The Water Works Department is un- 
der the control of a board of water com- 
missioners consisting of three members, 
one of whom is elected annually for a 
term of three years. In 1876 the State 
Insane Hospital joined with the town of 
Danvers in the establishment of the 
present water works, the expense to be 
borne partly by the State and partly by 


M ^^ m. 

^ JB^I^^H 

^Hiiln^tfi''^H^^^^^HBi "^^^"^ ^^l^i^^^^^^l 



the town. Middleton and Swan's ponds 
at Middleton were selected as the source 
of supply, the water being of an excep- 
tionally high quality. Owing to the ele- 
vation at which the Hospital stands, it 
became necessary to use high-pressure 
pumps to force the water into the reser- 
voir on the summit of Hathorne hill, in 
close proximity to the Hospital. A large 
brick pumping station was erected at 
Middleton with two powerful engines cap- 
able of pumping 2,000,000 gallons of 
water daily. The state contributed 
$12,500 towards 
the expense, 
erected a reser- 
voir on Hathorne 
hill with a capacity 
of 5,000,000 gal- 
lons, and agreed 
to pay the town 
in addition $1,000 
a year for twenty 
years for its water. 
This agreement 
expired in De- 
cember, 1 896 and 
has not been re- 
newed, the matter 
now being in 
course of adjust- 
ment by a com- 
mission appointed 
by the Supreme 
Court. In 1S97 
the town erected 
the reservoir on 
Wills hill, Middle- 
ton, with a capac- 
ity of 1,500,000 
gallons. T h i s 
reservoir has 
proven a great success and has reduced 
the pressure on the force main from 80 
to 60 pounds, which is a distinct advan- 
tage, as formerly such a large quantity of 
water was forced through so small a pipe 
that the main was necessarily affected by 
the throbbing of the pumps. Under the 
new conditions the coal has nearly twelve 
per cent, higher efficiency and twenty- 
five per cent, more water than formerly 
could be pumped in the same time. The 
latest report of the board of water com- 



has charge and his thorough knowl- 
edge of his business has enabled 
him to utilize its capacity to the 
best advantage while reducing the 
cost of operation to a minimum. 
Mr. Curtis takes an active part in 
the affairs of the town where he 
resides and has acted as moderator 
of the Middleton town meetings. 
He was married Nov. 28, 1878 
to Miss Elizabeth F. McEntee of 


David J. Harrigan, for many 
years superintendent of pipes of 
the Danvers Water Works, is able 
and conscientious and thoroughly 
fitted for the important position. 
He is in constant supervision of the 
extensive system, and his complete 
knowledge and experience make 
him a valuable officer. 


missioners shows that 226,281,176 gal- 
lons of water were pumped during the 
year. There are 44 miles of service pip- 
ing, and 1,700 families are supplied with 
water. The town is abundantly supplied 
with fire hydrants, 229 being distributed 
within its limits. 


James H. Curtis, who for the past fif- 
teen years has been the engineer of the 
Danvers Water Works pumping station at 
Middleton, was born in Danvers, April 9, 
1855, and graduated from the Holten 
High School. He learned the trade of a 
machinist and has been employed in that 
business and engineering all his life. His 
appointment as engineer of the water 
works was a fortunate selection of a wor- 
thy candidate and his duties have at all 
times been performed with faithfulness 
and competency. Fully realizing the im- 
portance of his position he has devoted 
his utmost skill and ability towards the 
improvement of the plant of which he 




Postoffice Department. 

The first postoffice established in con- 
nection with the town of Danvers was at 
Danversport in 182 8. Since then post- 
offices have been opened at Danvers, 
Tapleyville, Danvers Centre and Asykim 
Station, malting five in all. That at 
Danvers is the most important in point 
of business transacted which amounts to 
about 58,000 annually. Asylum Station 
comes next with about $700, the other 
offices returning a somewhat smaller 
amount. For the past two or three years 
the question of free delivery has been 
urged by the citizens, but ineffectually, as 
it is a rule of the postoffice department 
that a city or town shall have at least a 

office. With the free delivery system 
there would be at least two collections 
and two deliveries daily in all parts of 
the town, five carriers being employed. 
Charles N. Perley, postmaster at Danvers, 
is using his best endeavors to bring about 
this very desirable reform in postal regu- 
lations and it is hoped that the system of 
free delivery will soon be an accom- 
plished fact under his able advocacy. 

The Shoe Industry. 

Over a century ago boots and shoes 
were made to supply the local trade, and 
were what was called " custom work." 
At the close of the Revolutionary War, 
as the country became more extended 


'£#' .i'il!tl]'t^^''^^^i^l 


population of 10,000 or that $10,000 
worth of business shall be transacted. 
Danvers cannot meet the requirements of 
the department as regards population, 
but through the efforts of citizens has in- 
creased the business in the various of- 
fices so that if they were consolidated 
the returns would be much more than 
those required to give us a free delivery 
throughout the corporate limits of the 
town. 'J"he free delivery system has re- 
ceived some opposition from individuals 
residing in various parts of the town who 
appear to labor under a misapprehension 
concerning the benefits to be derived 
from such a system. At present mail 
matter must be called for at the post- 

and population more numerous, there 
sprang u]:) a demand — in the then South- 
ern States — for shoes of northern manu- 
facture. They had previously been sup- 
plied by importation. The energy of 
our citizens soon led them to furnish 
goods for this market, and the making of 
boots and shoes soon became the princi- 
pal industry of the town and gave em- 
|)loyment to hundreds of persons. In 
the United States Census Report of 1810, 
Danvers is ranked among the towns most 
extensively engaged in this industry. In 
explanation of the want of increase and 
l)rosperity in this branch of business it 
may be stated that a large proportion of 
our manufacturers now have their sales- 



rooms in Boston, while their goods are 
made in various towns in New England. 
The business would be nearly doubled if 
it were all brought here. But this would 
not be regarded as judicious management, 
since the kinds and styles are so various, 
and there are so many advantages in 
bringing similar classes together. 

The largest shoe manufacturing firm in 
town is that of C. C. Farwell & Co. which 
gives employment to upward of 200 per- 
sons, and runs almost the entire year with- 
out shutting down. It is an old and im- 
portant business now conducted by H. G. 
P'arwell. Other local firms are G. A. Creigh- 
ton & Son, Eaton & Armitage and several 
smaller concerns, in addition to those more 
fully described in following articles. 

bers being men of integrity and honor 
in every dealing, standing high inSthe 
community. The products of the con- 
cern have become standard goods of 
their grade in the market on account of 
their excellent finish, durability and at- 
tractive appearance. The trade of the 
firm is derived from nearly every state in 
the Union and although the factory has a 
capacity of over one thousand pairs of 
shoes a day it has frequently been taxed 
to the utmost to keep pace with the de- 
mand and execute the orders promptly. 
Mr. Clapp came to Danvers when a young 
man, and has engaged in the shoe business 
ever since. He is a thoroughly experienced 
shoe manufacturer, being informed in ev- 
ery detail of the work. Mr. Tapley^was 


Clapp & Tapley. 

In 1885 Granville W. Claj^p and Wal- 
ter A. Tajiley formed a [partnership and 
began the manufacturing of women's, 
misses' and children's shoes in one of G. 
A. Tapley's factories at Tapleyville. The 
mechanical equipments of the establish- 
ment are of the most perfect and com- 
plete character, and include all the most 
recent inventions in machinery for secur- 
ing improved productions at minimum 
cost. The machinery is operated by 
steam-power and over one hundred per- 
sons are employed in the various depart- 
ments of the business. The firm is one of 
the most reliable in the business, the mem- 

born in Danvers, graduating from the 
Holten High School and Comer's Busi- 
ness College, Boston. He has engaged 
in various commercial pursuits both here 
and in Boston and is a prominent mem- 
ber of the Masonic Order, being a mem- 
ber of Mosaic Lodge and of the Holten 
Royal Arch Chapter. 

J, W, Tulloch. 

This business was established in 1873 
by James Tulloch, father of the present 
proprietor. Upon his death in 1877 the 
business was continued by J. W. Tulloch, 
who has succeeded in developing a trade 
which extends generally through the 
south and west, although a considerable 



business is done in the states of New 
York and Pennsylvania. Tiie factory is 
a commodious three-story building, fully 
equipped with all 
the latest improved 
machinery, tools and 
appliances known to 
the trade. From 
forty to fifty skilled 
operatives are em- 
ployed who turn out 
annually 7,500 pairs 
of shoes. Mr. Tul- 
1 o c h manufactures 
fine machine sewed 
women's, m i s s e s' 
children's and little 
men's shoes, the lat- 
ter being a specialty 
with this house. All 
goods are made up 
of the best materials, 
and are unsurpassed 
i n their respective 
grades for finish, 
style, durability and 
workmanship. They 
are admirably adapt- 
ed to the wants of 
first-class retailers 
and jobbers, and the 
large and annually 
increasing trade of 

merits of the goods produced. Mr. Tul- 
loch is a native of Danvers, and upon 
graduating from the Holten High School 
entered his father's 
shop to learn the 
business of shoe- 
making in which 
he has since con- 

Donovan & Shea. 

The shoe manu- 
facturing firm o f 
Donovan & Shea 
had its inception in 
18S5, when Daniel 
J. Donovan a n d 
Thomas F. Shea 
commenced business 
in a factory on 
Maple street where 
they remained until 
two years ago, when 
the business had in- 
creased so much that 
they were obliged to 
seek more commodi- 
ous premises. T h e 
present shop is locat- 
ed on Hobart street 
and is a three-story 
frame building well 


the house is ample evidence of the ap- equipped with all the most modern ma- 
preciation that has been accorded to the chinery and labor-saving devices known 




to the trade and well adapted to the 
requirements of the business. The 
firm manufacture women's and 
children's fine and medium grade 
shoes of which they turn out 2,000 
cases annually. Only the best class 
of stock is used in the manufacture 
of the goods and fifty skilled shoe- 
workers are constantly employed. 
The facilities of the house for the 
prompt and satisfactory fulfilment 
of orders are absolutely unsur]jassed, 
and the goods manufactured are 
suited to the re([uirements of the 
Boston and New York markets in 
which the house enjoys a large and 
permanent trade, obtained solely on 
the merits of its output. Mr. Don- 
ovan was born in South l^oston, 
Dec. 20, 1861, receiving his educa- 
tion in the public schools of Salem 
and coming to Danvers in 1880. 
Mr. Shea is a native of Danvers and 
was educated in our public schools. 
Both the partners are expert and 
thoroughly experienced shoemakers 
and have been engaged in the shoe 
business since leaving school. They 

are possessed of undoubted ability and 
experience and their success is assured. 

The Danvers Insane Hospital. 

Situated northwest of the settled part 
of the town, and about three miles from 
its business streets, stands the Danvers 
Insane Hospital, u])on an abrupt eminence 
known as Hathorne hill. The summit of 
this hill is 240 feet above the sea level. 
The building, or group of buildings, is of 
brick, in Gothic style of architecture, and 
is an imposing landmark for miles around. 

The hospital was built during a period 
when throughout the country state hos- 
pitals for the insane were being con- 
structed massively, and were evidently 
intended to be imposing in appearance. 
Attention was given to producing archi- 
tectural eff"ect, but the time has undoubt- 
edly passed when the State of Massachu- 
setts will ever again build a hospital upon 
similar lines. The tendency now is to 
erect a substantial and plain structure for 
such purposes. 




The hospital buil lings were begun about 
1875, and were first reidy for patients 
in the spring of 187S. At this time it was 
predicted by some that the hospital would 
never be filled, but within a few years, 
like all the other state hospitals, it became 
crow led, anl since the Danvers hospital 
was built two other large hospitals for the 
insane have been built in this state — one 
at Westboro and the other at Medfield. 

The Danvers Insane Hospital has had 
for its trustees several Danvers citizens. 
The late Charles P. Preston, for several 
years chairman of the board, the Hon. 
Augustus Mudge, the late Edward Hutch- 
inson, and Wrn. ?>. SuHivin, Esq., who 

superintendent, the late Dr. Wm. B. 
Goldsmith, the late Dr. Wm. A. Gorton, 
more latterly superintendent of the Butler 
Hospital in Providence, R. I., and Dr. 
Chas. W. Page, who his recently gone to 
Middletown, Conn., as the superintendent 
of the Connecticut Hospital for the in- 
sane, 'i'he present superintendent is Dr. 
Arthur H. Harrington. The corps of 
assistant physicians is Dr. H. H. Colburn, 
Dr. F. A. Ross, Dr. Wm. L. Worcester, 
Pathologist, and Dr. Mary Paulsell. The 
steward of the hospital for nearly ten 
years has been Mr. John N. Lacey. The 
hospital has altogether about 125 officers 
and emplovees. 


has recently completed the seven years 
term for which he was first appointed, 
and who has just received a re-appoint- 
ment to the Board at the hands of his 
excellency, Roger Wolcott. The present 
chairman is the Hon. Samuel W. Hop- 
kinson, of Haverhill, who has been offi- 
cially connected with the institution since 
its opening. The five remaining mem- 
bers of the present board are Solon Bm- 
croft, Esq., O. F. Rogers, Zina E. Sione, 
Mrs. Grace A. Oliver and Miss Florence 

The hospital has had for its superin- 
tendents Dr. Calvin S. May, Dr. Henry 
R. Stedman, who for one year was acting 

Since the hospital was opened, nearly 
9,500 patients have been treated. 

The Danvers hospital has not been be- 
hind the most advanced institutions of 
the kind in the country in providing all 
practical means possil)le for intelligent 
treatment of insanity as a disease. A 
training school for nurses was established 
nine years ago. Lectuns are given 
weekly by the medical staff, and there are 
recitations and practical demonstration 
of all that pertains to nursing the sick, 
clinical lectures, and from day to day the 
watchful eyes of the physicians are quick 
to see the needs of their patients and to 
direct their nurses how to i)rovide for them. 





Mechanical restraint lias been used 
with less and less frequency for some 
years past, and in its place has arisen a 
greater amount of individual care. There 
has been also an almost total abolition of 
the use of hypnotics and drugs in the 
treatment of the insane. It is the uni- 
versal testimony of physicians who have 
had years of experience with the insane, 
that there is less violence and excitement 
observed now than in former years, and 
this diminution has been attributed to 
the discontinuance of irritating restraints 
and depressing drugs. Among the more 
advanced methods of treating the acute 
forms of insanity is hydrotherapy. There 
is no drug that influences the circulation 
of the blood so effectively as the various 

Nichols of Dm vers, daughter of the late 
Dr. Nichols, giving the town two worthy 
representatives upon the board. Miss 
Nichols is in every way qualified for the po- 
sition, and will prove an able and accepta- 
ble trustee. She is the newly elected presi- 
dent of the 1 )anvers Women's .'\ssociation. 

The Iron Industry. 

Nathan Read, a Harvard graduate who 
came to Danvers in i 79S was the origi- 
nator of the iron industry in Danvers. 
He was the inventor of the first nail cut- 
ting machine and having purchased the 
water-power on Waters river established 
the Salem and Danvers Iron Works. 
Read was the first to apply steam-power 


methods of using water. It is the clogged 
condition of the brain and of the elimi- 
native organs brought about by the slug- 
gish action of circulation that plays an 
important part often times in mental 
diseases. Apartments were laid out and 
an apparatus was installed at the Danvers 
Hospital about two years ago for this 
special work. Hydrolherai)y is in daily 
use, and in certain instances, is produc- 
ing marked effects in apparently produc- 
ing speedy improvement. 

Since the foregoing article was prepared 
the death of Mrs. (Irace A. Oliver of the 
board of trustees has occurred, and the 
vacancy has been filled by the appoint- 
ment by Gov. Wolcott of Miss Mary W. 

as a propelling agent to vessels and ex- 
perimented successfully with a small boat 
pro])elled l)y steam paddle wheels on the 
pond beside his residence several years 
before Fulton's experiment on the Hud- 
son. The iron foundry brought many 
iron workers to Danvers and it soon 
became an established industry. There 
were a nail-shop and an anchor-shop at 
that time and in the latter was forged the 
anchor of the " Essex " frigate. In 185S 
John Silvester bought the Salem and Dan- 
vers Iron Works which are at present 
operated by his son Benjamin Silvester, 
and have the distinction of being one of 
the oldest concerns now in active opera- 
tion in the county. 




By universal consent Masonry is re- 
garded as the first of all fraternal orders 
by reason of its age, the character of its 
teachings and the number and standing 
of its members. Its origin is known only 
from tradition but at the time of the first 
authentic record the organization was 
already ancient and had become strong 
and flourishing. It speaks well for the 
founders of the town that they brought 
with them the secrets of the royal craft 
and that almost at the very first the sound 
of the Master's gavel was heard in their 

were held than those necessary for the 
preservation of the charter. Upon the 
revival of Masonry the lodge continued to 
hold its meetmgs at South Dan vers, now 
Peabody, and as there were at that time 
upwards of sixty brethren of the mystic 
tie residing in Danvers a petition for a 
warrant of dispensation for a lodge to be 
established in Danvers, under the name 
of Amity lodge, was signed by twenty-six 
of their number and in due time the 
warrant of dispensation, dated Sept. 28, 
1863, was received. The brethren had 
leased the upper story of the Village Bank 
Building and carefully fitted and neatly 
furnished it, and having provided them- 


A lodge was chartered May i, 1778, to 
be located at Danvers, under the name of 
United States Lodge. The charter to- 
gether with all the regalia and jewels were 
consumed by fire at the house of Richard 
Skidmore in 1805. 

The next lodge established in the town 
was in 1808, under the name of Jordan 
Lodge. Its meetings were held for many 
years at Berry Tavern. During the anti- 
Masonic excitement which prevailed from 
1825 to 1835, the furniture, jewels and 
regalia were removed to South Danvers, 
and for many years no other meetings 

selves with the necessary furniture, jewels 
and regalia, they held their first regular 
communication on the evening of Octo- 
ber 26, 1863. In 1870 the membership 
of Amity Lodge had increased to nearly 
150, and some of the fraternity believing 
that the interests of Masonry would be 
promoted by the institution of another 
lodge, thirty-three of the brethren peti- 
tioned the M. W. Grand Lodge for a dis- 
pensation, and in due time they received 
a charter to work under the name of Mo- 
saic Lodge, dated Oct. 30, 1871. 

Holten Royal -Arch Chapter was con- 



stituted March 12, 1872, agreeably to the 
petition of a number of the companions, 
and regular convocations have since been 

The selection of candidates m these 
lodges has always been governed by the 
ancient landmark which declares that it is 
the internal and not the external qualifi- 
cations that recommend a man to Masons, 
and the wisdom of this course is justified 
by the high standing morally and socially 
of their members. Although none of the 
so-called higher bodies have ever been 
established in Danvers, many of the more 
enthusiastic craftsmen have not been con- 
tent to stop with the Chapter, but have 
taken degrees in other places where these 
higher bodies exist. 

Throughout its history the craft in Dan- 
vers has been careful in selecting its ma- 
terial and painstaking in working out the 
designs upon its trestle-board. To-day, 
with an earnest membership of skilful 
workers, its future bids fair to be even 
brighter than its past. 

L O. O. R 

In 1 8 70 a petition was sent to the 
Grand Lodge of Massachusetts praying 
that a lodge of Odd Fellows might be es- 
tablished in Danvers. A charter was 
granted, and on Sept. 13 of the same 
year, Danvers Lodge 153 was instituted. 
The charter members were : — Charles 
Tapley, J. W. Legro, L. E. Learoyd, Dr. 
L. Whiting, N. K. Cross, Dr. C Hough- 
ton, A. W. Dudley, B. S. Moulton, A. W. 
Trask, of Essex Lodge, Salem ; L. Ridley, 
Bass River Lodge, Beverly ; J. M. Boy- 
son, OuascacunKjuen Lodge, Ipswich. 
From its formation the lodge has been 
prosperous and is in good condition finan- 
cially, having established an excellent 


It is a matter of history and a notorious 
fact that the early settlers of Danvers 
were much addicted to the use of rum and 
other beverages of an intoxicating nature. 
The use and abuse of rum, was, however, 
in those days generally prevalent and it is 

to be presumed that the people of Dan- 
vers were not any worse than their neigh- 
bors in this respect; but early in the his- 
tory of the town we find many warm and 
sincere advocates of temperance, who by 
precept and example did their utmost to 
stamp out a practice which, it is conceded, 
exercised a debauchnig effect upon the 
townspeople. The result was the forma- 
tion, in 1 81 2, of the Massachusetts Socie- 
ty for the Suppression of Intemperance — 
the first society of the kind of which we 
have any knowledge. This was followed, 
in 1 81 5, by the Danvers Moral Society 
which adopted vigorous measures for the 
suppression of the use of ardent spirits. 
Fifteen years later there was a general 
uprising in favor of temperance and, in 
1833, Daniel Richards established a tem- 
perance store — an innovation in those 
days but nevertheless it proved highly suc- 
cessful and was the means of causing 
other merchants to follow the example thus 
set with the result that the sale of liquor 
was materially restricted. Numerous tem- 
perance societies and organizations have 
sprung up from time to time since then 
and have propagated the doctrine of tem- 
perance with varying success, and at the 
present time Danvers people are not in 
any danger of lapsing in intemperance for 
want of societies to teach them the error 
of their ways. 

Catholic Total Abstinence Society. 

The temperance movement among the 
Catholic people of Danvers can be traced 
to the visit of Rev. Theobald Mathew to 
Salem in 1849. For twenty-one years 
following this visit the tem])erance move- 
ment gained many followers, but no per- 
manent organization was effected until 
Nov. 19, 1 87 1, when in the church base- 
ment, under the direct supervision of 
Rev. Charles Rainoni, the Catholic Total 
Abstinence Society was perfected as an 
organization with the assistance of James 
Fallon, Deputy of the Massachusetts State 
Temperance L'nion, and some other 
prominent members of the Young Men's 
Temi)erance Society of Salem. Here the 
Society held its first three meetings under 
the leadership of Daniel A. Caskin, who 



had been elected its first president. The 
society was founded for the purposes of 
helping the Catholic people of the town to 
abstain from the useof intoxicating liquor, 
to create better moral conditions through- 
out the community, to render assistance 
to those already addicted to the use of 
liquor and to support a place where the 
members could meet collectively and act 
as they thought best for the benefit of the 
society. On Nov. 12, 1880, it was decided 
to purchase the building formerly known as 
the Bell building, from the Danvers Sav- 
ings Bank. In this building the society 
has a well appointed hall, for meetings, 
dancing and enter- 
tainments, on the 
upper floor, one for 
gymnasium and sup- 
per purposes on the 
middle floor and a 
basement suitable for 
general purposes. 
Since the building 
debt has been re- 
moved the society 
has made a special 
endeavor to offer in- 
ducements to the 
Catholic young men 
of the town to join the 
organization and has 
])laced at the disposal 
of members excel- 
1 e n 1 1 y equipped 
rooms with piano, 
pool-table, card- ta- 
bles and all other 
conveniences for 
modern amusement. 
The society was in- 
corporated under the laws of the State of 
Massachusetts, July 26, 1887, believing 
that such a course would prove beneficial 
in the time to follow. This society was a 
member of the Massachusetts State Union 
until it disbanded in 1876, when it assisted 
in the formation of the Essex County Cath- 
olic Total Abstinence Union, being one of 
the largest factors in its formation and the 
fourth oldest society in the Union. 

mention two societies of the past which 
no doubt are still remembered by our old- 
er citizens. The first was called the North 
Danvers Lyceum (^this was before the di- 
vision of the town gave us the name of 
Danverj.) The meetings were sometimes 
held in the hall of the old tavern then 
standing on the site of the present hotel, 
and the hall was a portion of the grand 
old Tory n)ansion which was moved down 
from Folly Hill nearly one hundred years 
ago. There was a library connected with 
this Lyceum which was afterwards dis- 
tributed among the members. There was 
also, about sixty years ago, a Library As- 
sociation formed un- 
der the name of the 
Holten Circulating 
Library which lived 
aboutfive years, when 
the books were dis- 
tributed among the 
shareholders. Vari- 
ous literary organiza- 
tions now exist in 


Literary Societies. 

Perhaps it will not be out of place to 

Co. K, Eighth 
Regt., M. V. M. 

The Danvers flight 
Infantry, ofific i al 1 y 
known as Co. K, 
Eighth reg i m e n t , 
Massachusetts \o\- 
unleer Militia, was 
organized March 25, 
1 89 1, to take the 
place of Co. K (Me- 
chanic Light Infan- 
try) of Salem. 
The prelimmary work was done by F. 
Pierce Tebbetts and John T. Carroll. 
The company consisting of 48 recruits 
was mustered in at the old Berry tavern, 
March 25, 1891, by Col. J. Albert Mills 
of Newburyport. Lieut. George N. B. 
Cousins of Co. I, Lynn, was detailed to 
command the company until an election 
could be held. The first drills were held 
in Town hall. 

On April 7, 1891, Frank C. Damon 
was elected captain ; F. Pierce Tebbetts, 
first lieutenant, and Fred U. French, sec- 
ond lieutenant. The following April 



Lieut. Tebbetts resigned, Lieut. French 
was promoted to fill the vacancy and 
Sergt. A. P. Chase was elected second 

The company moved into the present 
armory on Maple street, Aug. 26, 1891. 
The annual fall field day of the regiment 
was held in Danvers, Sept. 30, 1S91. 
The memorable battle of the brick- yard 
was fought on that day, near the old trot- 
ting park. The day was brought to a 
close by a dinner to the entire regiment 
in Town hall, 
furnished by 
the citizens, 
followed by a 
dress parade 
in the Berry 

" April, 1894, 
Lieut. F. U. 
French r e - 
signed, Lieut. 
Chase was 
promoted to 
fill the vacan- 
cy and Sergt. 
H. W. French 
was elected 
second lieu- 

Early i n 
the spring of 
1894 Capt. 
Damon or- 
ganized a ri- 
fl e team 
which w o n 
the regimen- 
tal trophy in 
1894 and '95, 
losing it by 
three points 
in 1896. At the state shoot at Walnut 
hill in '94, Private G. F. Draper and in 
'95, Capt. Damon, became distinguished 

In May, 1896, Capt. Damon was de- 
tached to command the Southern battal- 
ion of the regiment and on Oct. 3, 1896, 
was elected Major. Lieut. A. P. Chase 
was elected captain, Lieut. F. W. French, 
first lieutenant and Corp. F. L. I^stey of 
Middleton, second lieutenant on Oct. 19, 


1S96. Capt. Chase was discharged on 
recommendation of the examining board 
Oct. 29, 1S96. The lieutenants were as- 
signed to duty, Lieut. French being in 
command of the company. 

Li May, 1897, A, P. Chase (who had 
re-enlisted in the company as a private, 
Oct. 31, 1896) was again elected captain 
and this time assigned to duty. 

At the call for volunteers for service in 
the Spanish-American war, the company 
responded promptly and on April 28 was 

quickly r e - 
cruited to the 
war footing of 
74 men. On 
May 5, the 
c o m p a n y, 
with the fore- 
going officers 
with the ex- 
cept ion of 
Lieut. F. L. 
Kstey, who at 
the time was 
sick, left Dan- 
vers for South 
the rendez- 
vous of the 
M ay II, 
1898, the 
company was 
mustered in- 
to the United 
States service 
by Lieut. E. 
M. Weaver, 
U. S. A., with 
the following 
officers : A. 
P r e s t on 
Chase, captain ; Henry W. French, first 
lieutenant ; Stephen N. Bond, of Boston, 
second lieutenant. The company was 
then known as Co. K, Eighth Regiment 
of Infantry, Massachusetts Volunteers. 

May 16, 1898, the regiment left for 
Chickamauga Park, Ga , arrivingon the ev- 
eningof May 19. The command bivouaced 
on Lytle hill, a spur of Missionary ridge, 
and the next morning proceeded to perma- 
nent camp on the Alexander Bridge road. 



The regiment was assigned to the Sec- 
ond Brigade, Third Division, First Army 
Corps and participated in all the reviews 
held at Chickamauga Park. 

During the month of August Lieut. 
French tendered his resignation to take 
effect Sept. i. The regiment broke camp 
Aug. 23, 1898 and marched to Rossville, 
a distance of seven miles, and proceeded 
by rail to Lexington, Ky., making camp, 
Aug. 24, 1898. Soon after arriving Lieut. 
French left for home. Sept. 15, 1898, 
Lieut. Bond was promoted to first lieu- 
tenant, vice French, resigned, and First 
Sergt. David F. Whittier of Co. F, Haver- 
hill, was made second lieutenant, Sept. 16. 
Lieut. Bond resigned and was discharged 
Oct. 28, 1898. 

The command left Lexington, Nov. 10, 
1898 and proceeded by rail to Americus, 
Ga., arriving there Nov. 12, 1898, and 
went into permanent camp. 

Second Lieut. David E. Jewell of Co. 
F, Haverhill, was appointed and commis- 
sioned first lieutenant and assigned to Co. 
K, vice Bond resigned, Dec. 16, 1898. 
Jan. 8, 1899 the command broke camp 
and proceeded by rail to Savannah, Ga., 
and boarded the transport Michigan, 
sailing for Matanzas, Cuba, Sunday, Jan. 
10 and arriving at Matanzas, Jan. 13. 
The command disembarked and pitched 
shelter tents, remaining in the same until 
a permanent camp was pitched in the rear 
of Fort San Severeno. The regiment 
acted as escort to Gen. Gomez and Secre- 
tary of War Alger upon their visit to Ma- 
tanzas. The company was on provost 
guard duty in the city of Matanzas for 
two weeks, being quartered in Santa 
Christina barracks. 

The regiment left Matanzas for Boston 
on the transport Meade April 4, 1899, 
arriving in Boston, Sunday, April 9, 1899. 
After a review by Gov, Wolcott it pro- 
ceeded to the South armory, where it was 
to be quartered pending the muster out of 
the regiment. 

The company came to Danvers on a 
special train Sunday, April 9, arriving at 
9 p. M., and was given a tremendous ova- 
tion. On Tuesday, April 11, the com- 
pany was entertained by the town. The 
company, escorted by Ward Post 90, G. 

A. R., school children and a mounted es- 
cort, proceeded through the principal 
streets of the town and was banqueted in 
the armory. 

The company reported back for duty in 
Boston the following day and April 20 
was furloughed to report again April 28, 
when the regiment was mustered out of 
the service at the South armory by Capt. 
E. M. Weaver. 

The following changes occurred in the 
company during its year of service : Five 
men were discharged for disability and 
eight by order. Four were transferred, 
one deserted and one died. 

On Aug. 19, 1898, a gloom was cast 
over the company by the death of Musi- 
cian Spencer S. Hobbs, who died at the 
'Lhird Division Hospital, First Army 
Corps. A young man, an ideal soldier, a 
favorite with all, who at the call of his 
country offered himself and sacrificed his 
life upon its altar. He died at his post of 
duty, beloved by all. He was buried at 

He lives ! In all the past 
He lives; nor to the last, 

Of seeing him again will I despair. 
In dreams I see him now, 
And on his angel brow, 

I see it written : Thou shalt 
See him there ! 

Improved Order of Red Men. 

This order, which numbers about 
200,000 in the country, and which ranks 
fourth in numerical strength among the 
social fraternities, is represented in Dan- 
vers by two tribes and two councils. The 
organization bases its claims to favor on 
the fact that it is the lineal descendant of 
the earlier patriotic societies which flour- 
ished along the coast from New England 
to the Carolmas before the Revolution, 
and in which was nursed and concealed 
the purpose to free the colonies from 
British rule. It is also the only associa- 
tion of strength which makes any organ- 
ized effort to collect and preserve the 
traditions, customs, and virtues of the 
aborigines of this continent. The tribes 
are composed of men only, while the 
councils admit both sexes. There are 
about 350 nfembers of the order in the 



town, and the tribes and councils are 
each in a very flourishing condition. 


This is next to the oldest Tribe in New 
England, and has long been influential 
locally and nationally. It was instituted 
on the 24th of February, 1875. Its 
meetings are held in its own hall. Red 
Men's Hall, in Tapleyville, every Thurs- 
day evening. Walter A. Sillars is its Chief 
of Records. 


This Tribe was instituted on March ist, 
1886, and holds its meetings in Carroll's 
hall on the second and fourth Tuesdays 
in the month. At one time it was the 
largest country Tribe in New England. 
John J. Macauley is the Chief of Records. 


This Council was the third one institut- 
ed in the United States, the date of in- 
stitution being March 23d, 1887. In its 
early history it was for a long while the 
largest Council in the country. The 
Keeper of Records is Sarah E. Baker. Its 
meetings are held in Red Men's Hall, 
Tapleyville, every Tuesday evening. 


Was instituted February 21st, 1890. 
Its meetings are held alternately in the 
homes of its members on the first and third 
Wednesdays of each month. The Keep- 
er of Records is Sarah E. Whitney. 

The Soldiers' Monument. 

Shortly after the close of the war, 
measures were taken for the erection of 
a monument in honor of those who gave 
their lives in the contest. At the annual 
town meeting in March, 1868, a commit- 
tee was appointed to have the matter in 
charge, consisting of the following per- 
sons : William Dodge, Jr., E.T.Waldron, 
J. F. Bly, William R. Putnam, Dean Kim- 
ball, Timothy Hawkes, Ceorge Andrews, 
Rufus Putnam, S. P. Cummings, Simeon 
Putnam, Henry A. Perkins, Josiah Ross, 
Edwin Mudge, and Daniel P. Pope. 
Nearly $3,000 was raised by subscription, 
of which sum Mr. Edwin Mudge gave 

nearly half, contributing to this purpose 
two years' salary as representative of the 
town in the Legislature. The town add- 
ed a somewhat larger amount, making, 
in all, $6,298.20. The monument stands 
in front of the Town house. It is of Hal- 
lowell granite, thirty- three and one-quar- 
ter feet high, and seven and three-quar- 
ters feet square at the base. It bears 
upon its front the inscription: — "1870, 
Erected by the citizens of Danvers, in 
memory of those who died in defence of 
their country during the war of the Re- 
bellion, 1861-65." On the other sides 
are cut the names of ninety- five persons 
who died on the field of battle, or by 
sickness brought on in the war. The list 
begins with the names of Major Wallace 
A. Putnam and Lieut. James Hill. The 
monument itself is a beautiful and appro- 
priate structure. It was dedicated with 
befitting ceremonies, Nov. 30, 1870. 

Grand Army of the Republic. 

The Grand Army of the Republic is 
composed of soldiers who served during 
the war of the Rebellion, representing all 
branches of the service, and nearly every 
batde-field of the war. " Ward Post 90, 
G. A. R.," was so designated in honor of 
the Ward brothers, Angus and William, 
who lost their lives in the service. Its 
object is for rendering aid to needy or 
distressed comrades, the relief of families 
of deceased soldiers, and the mutual 
benefit of all its members. It was organ- 
ized June 8, 1869. Its sources of in- 
come are from its initiation fees, dues and 
voluntary contributions of its members 
and the liberal support of citizens of the 
town to all entertainments arranged for 
that purpose. The Post is now in a flour- 
ishing condition and is a worthy medium 
of dispensing " that charity which vaunt- 
eth not itself nor is unseemly." It has 
dispensed many thousands of dollars, and 
is one of the most deserving and greatest 
appreciated organizations in town. 

Danvers Historical Society. 

The Danvers Historical Society was or- 
ganized in 1889 and incorporated in 1893. 



The original meeting which led to the 
establishment of the Danvers Historical 
Society was held at the house of Mr. John 
R. Langley, on Sylvan street, on Monday 
evening, July 29th, 1889, thirty- three 
ladies and gentlemen being present. Rev. 
A. P. Putnam, D. D., was chosen chair- 
man, and Ezra D. Hines, Esq., secretary. 
A committee, then appointed for the jnir- 
pose, reported, at a second meeting held 
in the room 
of the Dan- 
vers Wo- 
men's Asso- 
ciation o n 
M a ]) 1 e 
street, on 
the 9th of 
the next 
month o f 
Septemb e r, 
a form of 
Con s t i t u- 
tion and 
B y-L a w s, 
which be- 
fore a d - 
journm e n t 
was unani- 
m o u s 1 y 
adopted and 
re c e i V e d 
many signa- 
t u r e s. A 
week later, 
Sept. 1 6th, 
a meet i n g 
was held for 
the choice 
of officers 
for the ensu- 
ing year and 

^, REV. A. P. F 

the mem- President of DuMv. 

bership was 

increased to the number of fifty. The 
officers elected were — for President, Rev. 
Alfred P. Putnam, I). D. ; Vice President, 
Hon. Alden P. White ; Secretary, Ezra 
D. Hines ; Treasurer, Dudley A. Massey ; 
Librarian, George Tapley ; Curator, Miss 
Sarah E. Hunt; Directors, Hon. Augus- 
tus Mudge, Mrs. P>elyn F. Masury, Gil- 
bert A. Tapley, Andrew Nichols, Dr. 
Warren Porter, Rev. Charles B. Rice, 

John S. Learoyd, Anne L. Page, and 
Charles H. Preston. For its future col- 
lections and its various uses, the Society, 
a few weeks afterward, hired a commo- 
dious room in the National Bank building 
of the town, which it continued to occu- 
py as its headquarters until Thanksgiving 
])ay of 1897, when the edifice took fire 
and was so damaged in consequence that 
it was necessary to seek other accommo- 

d a t i o n s . 
Fortunatel y 
a conven- 
ient and fine 
suite of 
in Perry's 
block, in the 
immedi a t e 
vicinity, was 
found to be 
at once 
avail able, 
and here the 
sea 1 1 e r e d 
treasures of 
the Society 
were soon 
brought and 
placed in at- 
tractive ar- 
ray, — all of 
t h e m , 
through the 
energy and 
care of both 
mem b e r s 
and n o n - 
members in 
the time of 
d anger, 
having been 
saved and 
faithfully protected. Since the fire, as 
before it, there has been a steady gain of 
members, who now number nearly two 
hundred ; and also a steady flow of gen- 
erous gifts into the four rooms, from near 
and far. The walls are hung with divers 
flags and maps, and with about one hun- 
dred framed portraits or other pictures, 
large and small ; while in cases or on 
shelves along the sides, or elsewhere, are 


s I li,stcirii::il Society. 



three or four thousand books, pamphlets 
and other publications, and several thou- 
sand articles of much interest besides, 
consisting of valuable papers, diaries, 
manuscripts and autographs ; coins, scrip, 
seals, badges and medals ; swords, guns, 
shot, canteens, military costumes and 
other mementos of the wars ; Indian 
relics, household utensils, pieces of an- 
cient furniture, curious textiles, rare china 
and heirlooms from the old homes ; botan- 
ical and mineralogical specimens, objects 
of natural history, and additional things 
of great quantity and variety. All are in- 

O., Gen. (irenville M. Dodge, and the late 
Rev. Dr. George W. Porter of Lexington ; 
pictures of the "Battle of Bunker Hill" 
and the *' Death of Montgomery " from 
Trumbull, the First International Exhibi- 
tion at London, and War and Union Pa- 
cific Railroad scenes at the far west, with 
a copy of the Lexington " Dawn of Lib- 
erty " framed with wood from the " Old 
Belfry," photographs of old homes of the 
Porters and other ancient landmarks of 
Dan vers, and small mirrors that once be- 
longed to Governor Endicott and General 
Putnam, a banner of the Fremont Cam- 


structive and are helpful to a study of the 
past, its events, its famous men, the fath- 
ers and mothers, their thought, manners, 
customs, habits, circumstances and life. 
Of these many attractions may be men- 
tioned portraits of George Washington, 
Queen Victoria, the late A. A. Low of 
Brooklyn, John G. Whittier, Dr. Amos 
Putnam, Cien. Moses Porter, Rev. Drs. 
Isaac and Milton P. Braman, William 
Lloyd Garrison, Parker Pillsbury, (xeorge 
Peabody, John I). Philbrick, Charles Sum- 
ner, Horace Greeley, Gen. Israel Putnam 
and some of his descendants at Marietta, 

paign, and flags ot the country used on 
various occasions, with a French Tricolor 
captured during the Rebellion, and the 
stars and stripes still intertwined with the 
ensign of Great Britain, as when last 
year the Right Honorable Joseph Cham- 
berlain and Mrs. Chamberlain with their 
party made their memorable visit at the 
rooms ; military coats, weapons, or oth- 
er mementos of many a Danvers hero of 
the wars, with relics from (Gettysburg and 
battlefields besides ; finely mounted shell 
cases used by the Marhlehcad m the re- 
cent attack on Santiago, with accompany- 



ing illustrations ; Sitting Bull's wampum 
belt and other Indian regalia; crane from 
the old Rebecca Nurse house, coeval with 
her time ; saddle bag and muslin bands 
once used by Rev. Dr. Braman ; original 
manuscript of George Peabody's last ad- 
dresses in Danvers ; large pewter plate of 
the old Hancock family ; one of the Tea 
Stamps that hastened or caused the Rev- 
olution ; a Chinese Proclamation of friend- 
liness for the Missionaries ; autographs of 
Queen Victoria and (reorge Washington, 
and a hundred notables more with scores 
■oi /(icsifJuVe autograph letters of renowned 
Kings and Queens of England and other 
celebrated Europeans, from originals in 
the British Museum ; and pieces from 
Cardinal Wolsey's Mulberry tree atScroo- 
by, Napoleon's shroud at St. Helena, 
King Phillips' cap, the old and long since 
vanished North Bridge at Cuncord, " Old 
Ironsides," Farragut's flagship, Plymouth 
Rock, and Mt. Sinai's granite summit. 
The rooms are crowded with all such 
things as are above indicated. 

But aside from the Library and Museum 
the Society has each year a very entertain- 
ing and instructive course of lectures of a 
historical, biographical or scientific char- 
acter, or else of a general literary kind, or 
descriptive of American scenery or foreign 
•countries. It holds also, annually, its 
New Year's Reunion and Festival, and 
each summer takes an excursion to some 
historic spot or other interesting place, in 
the region round about, for recreation and 
instruction. From time to time, it has 
fitly commemorated important events or 
epochs such as the Battle of Lexington, 
the Witchcraft I3elusion on its Two Hun- 
-dredth Anniversary, Old Anti-Slavery 
Days, and the Life, Character and Ser- 
vices of General Israel Putnam as viewed 
in the light of a hundred years after his 
death. At these lectures or other occa- 
sions a long line of distinguished persons 
from out of town have appeared before 
the members antl friends and have dis- 
coursed most ably and eloquentlv on 
varied and important subjects : Hon. 
Mellen Chamberlain, Parker Pillsbury, 
Rev. Samuel Way of Leicester, Lucy 
Stone, Rev. Robert CoUyer, Frank B. San- 
born, Governor Greenhalge, Major 

George L. Porter of Bridgeport, Conn., 
Senator Hoar, Hon. Charles Francis 
Adams, Hon. Robert S. Rantoul, Presi- 
dent E. H. Capen of Tufts College, and 
numerous others of high repute, while 
many honored members of the Society 
itself have likewise contributed to the in- 
terest and success of its meetings. 

The present officers and directors of 
the Society are as follows : Officers — Rev. 
Alfred P. Putnam, D. D., president ; 
Hon. Alden P. White, vice president ; 
Miss Sirah W. Mudge, secretary; Walter 
A. Tapley, treasurer ; George Tapley, 
librarian ; Mrs. Charles F. Kenney, cura- 
tor ; Mrs. Henry Newhall, assistant cura- 
tor ; Ezra 1). Hines, historian. Directors 
— William A. Jacobs, Rev. Watson M. 
Ayres, Mrs. Mary W. Putnam, Mrs. Ellen 
M. Dodge, Hon. Samuel L. Sawyer, Miss 
Mary W. Nichols, Charles H. Preston, 
Miss Anne L. Page, William O. Hood. 
Executive committee — Hon. A. P. White, 
chairman ; Rev. A. P. Putnam, D. D., 
Charles H. Preston, Hon. S. L. Sawyer 
and Rev. W. M. Ayres. 

Walnut Grove Cemetery. 

On the first day of May, 1843, a notice 
was issued by Henry Fowler, calling on 
the citizens of North Danvers to meet to 
take into consideration the establishment 
of a cemetery in the north part of the 
town and a committee was chosen to se- 
lect a suitable site. On May 20, this 
committee reported f ivorably on the grove 
and adjacent lands of Judge Samuel Put- 
nam and a subscription paper was issued 
with the result that on May 27, Henry 
Fowler reported that eleven hundred and 
forty dollars had been subscribed, and 
that sale had been found for sixty lots. 
The members, on Oct. 17, became incor- 
])orated under the general laws and elect- 
ed as the first Board of Trustees: — Elias 
Putnam, Gilbert Tapley, Moses Black, 
Joshua Silvester, Henry Fowler, Nathaniel 
Boardman, Thomas Cheever, Eben G. 
Berry, William J. C. Kenney, Daniel 
Richards, Nathan Tapley, Samuel P. Fow- 
ler, Alonzo A. Edgerton, John Bates and 
Samuel Preston. Hon. Elias Putnam was 
elected as the first President of the cor- 



poration. The name of Sylvan Rest 
Cemetery was adopted Oct. 26, 1S43, 
which was subsequently, on June 15, 1844, 
changed to Walnut Grove Cemetery. The 
cemetery was consecrated on June 23, 
1S44, and the first interment was on July 
27, 1814. The grounds of the cemetery 
at present comprise about twenty acres, 
with about an equal frontage on Sylvan, 
Ash and Adams streets, and over seven 
hundred lots have been sold. There is a 
receiving tomb in the Cemetery and the 
Trustees have in view the erection of a 
receiving chapel. Generally speaking, 
the formation of the older portion of the 
grounds is that of opposite hillsides gently 
sloping to meet in a central valley, wa- 
tered by brooks, and well wooded. Add- 
ing to the natural features of the landscai)e 
the work that is being constantly done in 
the improvement, care and beautifying of 
the grounds, the Walnut Grove Cemetery 
is itself the best monument to those men, 
in whose wisdom and energy it had its 
origin, and is most worthy of the pride so 
generally felt in it. To the end that the 
cemetery may never, through the lack of 
support, fall into the melancholy condition 
of a neglected graveyard, the trustees have 
made special efforts in two directions : — 
first, to the formation of a " Permanent 
Fund," the income of which is to be used 
exclusively for the care of the avenues, 
paths, bridges, fences, etc., and not for 
individual lots ; and second, to induce lot 
owners to endow their lots, either by 
direct contract or by will, with such a sum 
that the income thereof shall be sufficient 
for the perpetual care of the lot. 

Governor John Endecott. 

Nothing definite is known of his life be- 
fore he came to New England, except 
that tradition says he was born in Dor- 
chester, Dorsetshire, England, in 15 88, 
and came of the gentry class. On June 
20th, 1628 he sailed from Weymouth in 
the ship Abigail, and landed in Salem on 
September 6th, 162S, with his wife, Anna 
Gouer, who was a cousin of Governor 
Matthew Cradock. Soon after their ar- 
rival his wife died, and on August i8th, 
1630, he married Elizabeth Gibson of 

Caml)ridge, England, who had probably 
recently come ov er in the ship with Gov- 
ernor John Winthrop. The Governor and 
all his descendants, until 1724, si)elled 
their name Endecott, when an " i " was 
substituted for the "e" in the second 

On July 3rd, 1632, the Court of Assis- 
tance granted Mr. Endecott 300 acres of 
land ( in what is now Danversport) called 
by the Indians, in English, Birchvvood, 
and afterw irds known as the " Orchard 
Farm." The Governor, in the following 
year, planted his far-famed orchard, of 
which a single tree remains today, and 
still, after the storms of many New Eng- 
land winters, bears abundant fruit. 

In 1634 the colony was greatly excited 
by rumors that a commission had been 
granted to two Archbishops and ten 
others of the Council, offering authority 
to them to regulate the plantation of New 
England, to estiblish the Episcopal church 
in the colony, to recall its Charter, and to 
remove its Governor and make its laws. 
It was at this time that Endecott cut the 
red cross from the Kmg's colors, deeming 
it a relic of popery, and the sword with 
which he cut out this cross is still i>re- 
served as a relic in the family. In sup- 
port of this conduct on the part of Ende- 
cott, the military commissioners, in 1636, 
ordered that the cross should be left out 
of the King's colors, and substituted in the 
ensigns at Castle Island, in Boston Har- 
bor, the King's arms. 

In 1636 Endecott was chosen Colonel, 
and commanded the first unsuccessful ex- 
pedition against the Pequot Indians. In 
1 64 1 he was chosen Deputy Governor, 
which office he held for four years, also 
in the years 1650 and 1654. In 1644, 
1649, 1651-53, 1655-65 he was chosen 
Governor of the colony, serving in all 
a period of sixteen years as such, longer 
than any Governor who held office under 
the old charter. In 1645 he was chosen 
Sergeant- Major-General, which office he 
held for the period of four years. At the 
urgent retjuest of his friends in [655 he 
moved to l>oston, but he and his wife did 
not sever their connection with the Salem 
church until 1664. 
" Old age and the infirmities thereof com- 



ing upon him, he fell asleep in the Lord 
on the 15th day of March, 1665," and 
was buried on March 23rd with great 
honor in King's Chapel Burying Ground, 
Boston. Tradition states that he was 
buried on the left-hand side of the en- 
trance to King's Chapel, now under the 
pavement of Tremont street, and that his 

sition distinguished him, more than his 
other mental accomplishments or his out- 
ward condition in life. I have seen a let- 
ter from the Secretary of State in King 
Charles the Second's time in which is this 
expression — 'The King would take it well 
if the people would leave out Mr. Ende- 
cott from the place of (Governor. ' " 


tombstone was in perfect preservation un- 
til the beginning of the American Revo- 
lution, when it, with others, was destroyed 
by British soldiers. 

Hutchinson says — " Kndicott was 
among the most zealous undertakers and 
the most rigid in principles. This dispo- 

W. C Endicott. 

William Crowninshield Kndicott, son of 
William Putnam and Mary Crowninshield 
Endicott, was born in Salem in the wes- 
terly side of the house on the corner of 
Curtis and l)erl)v streets, on November 






19, 1826, and is a lineal descendant in 
the eighth generation from Governor John 
Endecott. Educated in the public and pri- 
vate schools of Salem, he entered Harvard 
College in 1843, and graduated therefrom 
in 1847. Immediately he began the study 
of|law in the office of Nathaniel J. Lord, 

Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, 
which office he held until 1882, when he 
resigned. In 1884 he was Democratic 
candidate for Governor of Massachusetts 
but failed to be elected. From 1885 to 
18S9 he was Secretary of War in Presi- 
dent Cleveland's cabinet. Since that 


at that time a prominent lawyer in Salem, 
and in 1850 was admitted to the Essex 
County Bar, where for many years he 
practiced, being a member of the firm of 
Perry & Endicott. 

In 1873 Governor Washburn api^ointed 
Mr. Endicott an Associate Justice of the 

time Mr. Endicott has led a retired life. 
From 1867 to 1894 he was President of 
the Peabody Academy of Science of Sa- 
lem, founded by George Peabody of 
London. I-'rom 18S4 to 1895 he was a 
Fellow of Harvaid College. From 1889 
to 1894 a Trustee of the Peabody South- 



em Educational Fund. On December 
13th, 1859, he married Miss Ellen Pea- 
body, daughter of the late George Pea- 
body of Salem, and in 1893 he moved to 
Danvers, and now lives with his family 
upon a farm which has belonged to va- 
rious members of the Peabody family. 

Since the earliest days the Endicott 
family have been identified with the town 
of Danvers. It was only at the end of the 
last century that Samuel luidicott, the 
grand fa t h e r 
of the subject 
of this sketch, 
moved to Sa- 
lem from the 
(J r c h a r d 
Farm, now in 
Danverspo r t, 
and led an 
active life as a 
sea faring 

Mr. Endi- 
cott's s o n, 
W i 1 1 i a m 
C r o w n i n- 
shield Endi- 
cott, Jr., at 
present owns 
the " Orchard 
Farm," which 
with the ex- 
ception of the 
years between 
1 82 8 a n d 
1867 has been 
continually in 
the family. 

Hon. Alden 
P. White. 


Attorney Alden P. White's ancestry reach- 
es through typical and familiar comity 
families ; and he cherishes the New FMig- 
land si)irit and traditions with loyal en- 
thusiasm. He was born in Danvers in 
1856, spending ten years of his childhood 
in South Danvers, now Peabody, and re- 
ceiving his early education in the public 
schools of that town, Danvers and Salem. 
Mr. White graduated with honors with 

the Amherst class of '78, and after a 
course at the Harvard Law School, studied 
in the office of Perry & Endicott, Salem. 
He was admitted to the Essex Bar in 
1 88 1 and has been in constant practice 
ever since, with offices at Salem. In 1890 
he was appointed a special justice of the 
First Essex District Court, resigning to 
accept the position of assistant to Hon. 
William H. Moody, during the latter's 
first term as District Attorney, and was 

three years 
later. Upon 
Mr. Moody's 
promotion to 
Congress, Mr. 
White was his 
logical s u c- 
cessor, and in 
his adminis- 
tration he ful- 
filled every 
expecta t i on 
created dur- 
ing his earlier 
conne c t i o n 
with the of- 
fi c e, taking 
high rank 
among the 
law y e r s of 
New E n g- 
la n d. Out- 
side of his of- 
ficial work, 
Mr. White 
h as 1 ) e e n 
largely inter- 
ested in mat- 
ters of gener- 
al public 
concern and 
has served 
upon the School Committee of Salem and 
as a trustee of the Peabody Institute of 
Danvers. He is a director of the Essex 
Institute of Salem, and of the Salem 
Oratorio Society and was one of the found 
ers of the Danvers Historical Society, of 
which he is at present an officer. Mr. 
White has written an excellent history of 
Danvers for the " History of Essex 



The Old Berry Tavern. 

One ot the most essential features of a 
live and growing community is a good 
hotel. Danvers has never been far be- 
hind in this respect, for the reputation of 
the Old Berry Tavern has spread far be- 
yond the confines of the town and state, 
and it has always been a favorite stoj^ping 
place for travelling men. But popular as 
the old hotel has been in its more than a 
century of existence, it has up to the 
present time lacked all of those modern 

some colonial fronts, with porches and 
porte-cochere, shining resplendent in the 
glow of electricity and gas in the evening, 
reveling in the warmth of steam-heat and 
a dozen or more open fire-places on cold 
winter days, boasting bath-rooms galore, 
public and private, all the latest applian- 
ces of the cuisine, including a separate 
boiler for steam- cooking, and every room 
fitted out and furnished in cosy and com- 
fortable, if not luxurious style. What 
would our forefathers, who knew the house 
in old stage-coach days, say, could they 


»j«5^^s»f . %-\ ,,'^^:-:sjir^ A._. . 

"''ih 4 

ail ». , 1*^ « » _ 


conveniences once looked upon as luxu- 
ries but now considered necessities. It 
was to supply this defect that the owners 
of the property set about in May, 1898, 
to thoroughly overhaul and remodel the 
house and add about twenty much needed 
rooms. The transformation has indeed 
been wonderful, and from an old-fash- 
ioned village inn, with its kerosene lamps 
and stoves, a plain exterior and not too 
inviting interior, it has blossomed into a 
thoroughly ui)-to-date hotel, with hand- 

come back to earth just long enough for 
a glance at the place? What would the 
late Eben G. Berry, who was connected 
with the tavern for three-quarters of a 
century, and whose name it now bears, 
say, could he but see the result of the 
labor of his public spirited heirs? He 
would undoubtedly commend their judg- 
ment, for he was a progressive man, once 
thoroughly convinced of the feasibility of a 
proposed change. Some of our people, 
alas, unlike him, carry their conservatism 





to the extreme, and there are not wanting 
those who have discouraged the present 
owners by predictions that it was too pre- 

The house is situated in Danvers Square, 
at the intersection of the four principal 
streets of the village. It is far enough 
back from the streets, how- 
ever, to be in a degree retired, 
and the lawns in front of the 
house and on the side are 
graced by noble elms and 
other trees which cast a grate- 
ful shade in summer and add 
much to the beauty of the sit- 
uation. The strip of land on 
the Maple street side, just be- 
yond the porte-cochere, must, 
by the terms of the will of Mr. 
Eben G. Berry, be forever 
kept free from buildings, which 
makes it a park. The house 
faces the south, as did all the 
houses of our forefathers, and 

tentious a house for the town. 
Possibly this may be true, but 
since the house looks for busi- 
ness outside of the town, and 
its mission is to attract per- 
sons into it, the wisdom of 
the large outlay which has 
rendered the house and 
grounds homelike and inviting 
may yet be apparent. It was 
a large venture, for a town 
the size of ours, we will ad- 
mit, but the same liberal 
spirit which characterized the 
expenditures during the tran- 
sition period is to dominate 
the advertising, which all 
business, more especially a hotel, needs, 
and there can be, there will be, but one 
end and that will be spelled " success." 

the rooms are bright and pleasant all day 

The tavern -is surpassed by none and 



equalled by but few in the comfort and 
convenience of its general plan and is at- 
tractive as a winter home for families who 

The present lessee of the house is Mr. 
I.ouis Brown, who has had a large experi- 
ence. His ideas as to how to run a 
house may be gathered from the appended 
paragraphs, taken from his souvenir book- 
let, issued when the house opened last 
year : — 

desire to avoid 
the cares o f 
housekeepin g, 
as well as a 
summer resort 
for those who 
want to enjoy 
the beauties of 
t h e country, 
but who are 
compelled by 
business to re- 
main within 
easy travelling 
distance of the 
city. Dan vers 
is but four 
miles from 
Salem, w i t h 
close electric 
and steam car 
connec t i o n s, 

and of the thousands who yearly visit 
the historic shrines of that city it is the 
hope of the proprietor to attract a few 
to this town, for longer or shorter 
stays. We are but eighteen miles 
from Boston, with fortv trains daily, 
the expresses making the run in forty- 
two minutes. The whole North Shore, 
with its hundreds of beautiful summer 
homes, is within easy driving distance 
and the sweet odors of pine and iir and 
balsam in any one of a dozen or more 
ten mile drives. There is a good liv- 
ery stable, where teams can be had at rea- 
sonable prices, or private teams boarded. 

fiedly the best in the county. We believe 
that a good table, and a clean, well- 





lighted, well-heated and well-ventilated 
room are the best advertisements a hotel 
can have, and we shall never hesitate or 
waver in our purpose to keep near the 
top in these important requisites of good 
living. The main portion of the present 
house was built at a period when fire- 
places were necessary, and thus we find 
in all the corner rooms on each floor 
these conveniences. They can hardly be 
said to be necessary in the Berry Tavern 
of today, for the heating apparatus is 
more than 
ample for all 1 
the d e- 
mands that 
m a y b e 
made upon 
it, but they 
add to the 
attract i v e- 
ness a n d 
heal t h f u 1- 
ness of the 
rooms, fur- 
nishing a s 
they do per- 
fect ventila- 
tion. The 
whole e n- 
viron m e n t 
of the place 
is as home- 
like as it is 
possible t o 
make it, 
and an air 
o f hospi- 
tality and 
good cheer 
perv a d e s. 
It is an ideal spot and its i)opulaiity in 
the past is amply attested by the fact that 
a public house has been maintained con- 
tinuously on the corner since 1741. Its 
future depends upon us, and we bhall ex- 
haust every energy in keeping it always 
up to the times." 

The Berry tavern is one of the old-lime 
taverns, and while no effort has been 
made to trace it back of the Re\olution, 
it is known in a general way that it was 
part of the original Porter grant and thnt 
a public house was maintained there as 



early as 1741. It is positively known 
that it was conducted during the revolu- 
tion by John Porter, and, after his death, 
by his widow, Aphia. Toward the close of 
the century, said to be about 1796, it 
passed into the hands of Timothy and 
Jethro Putnam. Ebenezer, father of the 
late Eben G. Berry, bought the farm from 
the Putnams in 1804. The old hotel on 
the site of the present one was sold at 
auction in three sections in 183S, and 
these were removed to make room for the 

erection o f 
the original 
portion o f 
the ])resent 
hotel. Mr. 
Eben G. 
Berry con- 
ducted t h e 
house up to 
1870, when 
h e retired 
from active 
m a n a g e- 
m e n t. It 
w a s for a 
time known 
as the How- 
ard house, 
a Mr. How- 
a r d l)eing 
the land- 
lord. Later 
Elias M a- 
goon took 
the lease, 
and he i n 
turn w a s 
succe e d e d 
1) y Edwin 
A. Southwick, who managed it up to the 
time of his death in 1895. Mr. Berry 
died the same year, and during the settle- 
ment of the Southwick and Berry estates, 
Mr. Littlefield managed the house. The 
])resent lessee, Mr. Brown, took posses- 
sion in the latter part of 1S96. 

Danvers has lately come into i)romi- 
nence as a summer resort, not to the ex- 
tent that its fashionable neighbor Hamil- 
ton has, distant some four miles, but in a 
moderate degree its country roads and 
hillsides are dotted with unpretentious 



residences which shelter those who hie 
themseh'es to the cities as soon as the 
first frosts come. Of late years many 
private families have taken summer 
boarders and the warm weather colony is 
constantly on the increase. One looking 
for the excitements of fashionable society 
should not consider Uanvers as a summer 
home. He will not find such within our 
borders. But the man of business who 
wants a place for his family where he can 
get the greatest amount of pure ozone 
and the most comfortable place to eit 
and sleep for the 
least expenditure 
of money, will do 
well to pause and 
consider the 
claims of the 
place. We have 
not, perhaps, the 
rural environment 
of Topsfield, Mid- 
dleton and Box- 
ford, our nearest 
neighbors on the 
north, but we are 
i n closer touch 
with the outside 
world and a man 
can go to and 
come from t h e 
city at all hours of 
the day and night. 

The "Old Berry 
Tavern " is not a 
high-priced house. 
Its terms are as 
moderate as it is 
possible to make 
them for the con- 
veniences given. 

The rooms are graded in price and 
any persons interested may secure further 
information by sending for the souvenir 
booklet, which will be mailed to them 

The completion of the hotel marks the 
end, so far as the Berry family is con- 
cerned, of one of the most rapid and re- 
markable developments of property ever 
known in town. Ten years ago this 
spring the hotel was a portion of the large 
landed estate of Eben G. Berrv, consist- 


ing of about 40 acres, the whole being 
assessed for but $30,000. The rear land 
was opened up in 18S9, and the first 
house, the one now standing at the cor- 
ner of Park and Alden streets, was built in 
the following year. Today on the ground 
formerly occupiei by this $30,000 estate, 
the town has taxable property to the ex- 
tent of $130,525 by the assessors' books 
— over four-fold increase in ten years. 
The next decade will see yet another 
great increase, for there are still about 
fifty undeveloped lots owned by a score 
or more of indi- 
viduals. New 
streets have been 
opened up each 
year, and more 
are now needed. 
Following the 
lines laid down by 
Mr, Berry in his 
later years h i s 
heirs have given 
to the tovvnspeo- 
p 1 e the really 
beautiful little 
public house 
which is the sub- 
ject of this sketch. 
In the work of 
remodeling they 
have been assisted 
by Major Frank 
C. Damon, who, 
a s Mr. Berry's 
trusted agent, 
aided materially 
i n the develop- 
ment of his valu- 
able estate, and, 
in company with 
the late John S. Learoyd, managed it as 
co-executor from the time of Mr. Berry's 
death in August, 1895 up to the sale of 
the last lot, its final settlement and divi- 
sion among the heirs, in August, 1898. 

Few towns of the size of Dan vers are so 
fortunate as to ])ossess a public house of 
the beauty, size and modern equipment 
of the old Berry tavern, and it is no won- 
der that the summer of 1899 finds prac- 
tically every room occupied, many guests 
coming from distant points. 



Hathornc Association. 

The Halhorne Association was organ- 
ized in February, 1S84, and occupies el- 
egantly appointed quarters in Porter's 
block. The membership is limited to 
forty persons and includes business men 
and representatives of every profession. 

The first officers were : Ira P. Pope, 
President ; the late J. W. Derby, Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, and the late Dr. E. 
O. Fowler, Chairman of the Executive 
Committee. B u t 
few have been in- 
V i t ed to become 
members a n d the 
ranks have been 
gradually depleted 
by death and other 
causes, so that at the 
present time there 
are only about twen- 
ty-five members in 
the association. It 
is one of the leading 
social organizations 
of the town. The 
present officers are : 
F. O. Staples, Presi- 
dent : M. C. Pettin- 
gell, Vice-President ; 
and J. W. Woodman, 
Secretary and Treas- 

George C. Farring- 

The n a m e s of 
George C. Farring- 
ton and his insurance 
offices are well 
known in Danvers and Peabody and ad- 
jacent towns. He has offices at 93 Water 
street, Boston ; S Allen's block, Peabody, 
and in the National Bank building, Dan- 
vers. Rev. W. M. Ayres is manager of 
the Danvers office. Insurance against 
fire is placed upon every description of 
property, real and personal, in some of 
the oldest and most substantial insurance 
companies in the world, both old line 
stock companies and mutual companies. 
Fidelity to the interests of the insured. 

as well as to the companies which he rep- 
resents, the prompt payment of all 
losses, the scrupulous care shown in the 
wording of all policies and contracts, to 
prevent and guard against the possibility, 
even, of litigation or delay in the settle- 
ment in full, and promptly, of all just 
claims, have attracted to this office the 
attention of many people seeking safe and 
sure protection from losses by fire. 
These are the things which have been in- 
strumental in building up the large busi- 
ness transacted b y 
this office. Mr. Far- 
rington succeeded to 
the firm of Chadwick 
c^ Farrington, and 
has greatly increased 
the volume of busi- 
ness. He is one of 
the hustling, p r o- 
gressive business men 
of this section, and 
holds a n enviable 
position in the busi- 
ness world. It is 
often said that if you 
insure through Far- 
rington's office, you 
may feel perfectly 
sure that you are in- 
sured, and that if 
your property is de- 
stroyed by fire, your 
losses will be prompt- 
'' ly paid. That is the 
kind of insurance 
which insures. 

Manager Old Berry Tavern. 

New Telephone 

At present writing, plans have been 
practically perfected for the installation 
of a local telephone exchange, to be a 
part of and to have all the facilities of 
the Salem exchange, including Salem, 
Danvers, Peabody and Beverly, with a 
central office in this town and an opera- 
tor on duty all the time. There will be 
about sixty Danvers subscribers at the 
start, and there is promise of the enter- 
prise being one of the most useful and 
popular advantages ever afforded in town. 



Frank E. Moynahan. 

From the New England Printing 'I'rades Journal. 

One of the best representatives of the 
younger element of successful publishers 
and printers in this state is Mr. Frank E. 
Moynahan of Danvers, Mass., who is edi- 
tor and proprietor of the Danvers Mirror, 
correspondent of several daily newspapers, 
contributor to various trade pul)lications, 
and conducts a reliable and satisf;ictory 
job printing 
plant, h i s 
motto being 
"A Good 
Printer Who 
Can Do You 

He was 
born in Dan- 
vers thirty- 
f o u r years 
ago, and has 
never found 
occasion t o 
seek a living 
els e w he re. 
He was grad- 
uated from 
the Holten 
High School 
of his native 
town in 1880, 
at the age of 
fifteen years, 
and after 
working four 
years for lo- 
cal store- 
keepers h e 
entered the 
employ o f 

C. H. Shep- '^R'^NK E 

ard, owner of 
the Mirror printing plant, having previ- 
ously been the Danvers corresijondent of 
the Salem Evetiing Neivs. 

In 1890, after having been associated 
with Mr. Shepard six years, he succeeded 
to the business. That he has been suc- 
cessful is self evident, but his progress 
has not been merely an accident, but is 
attributable rather to promptness and in- 
tegrity in his every business transaction. 


Editor and Proprietor of the l>anvcrs Mirror. 

close and practical application to all de- 
tails of his affairs characterizing his suc- 
cessful career. In the Mirror, the towns- 
people find a worthy and conservative 
representative of their interests. Mr. 
Moynahan's general printing business is 
kept in advance of the needs of the 
tovvnspeople ; experienced and practical 
workmen are employed, new and modern 
type is adde 1 constantly, and every want 
of his customers is promptly met. 

M r. Moy- 
nahan has 
w o n many 
prizes in vari- 
ous competi- 
tive contests 
i n connec- 
tion with his 
chosen work, 
one of the 
most n o t e- 
worthy being 
a gold eagle 
offered b y 
the Boston 
Post for the 
best letter of 
less than two 
words on 
"How to 
Run a News- 
p a p e r." 
From the 
States, Eng- 
land, .\ u s- 
tralia a n d 
elsewhere the 
Post received 
two thousand 
one hundred 
a n d sixty- 
nine letters, and after thorough examina- 
tion of the contributions, the judges 
awarded him the prize. 

With characteristic enteri)rise and 
pluck he is now engaged in compiling a 
magnificent historical and trade book on 
Danvers, in the interests of the town's 
growth, involving a large expenditure of 
money in its production. The volume 
will contain about two hundred pages, 



printed on coated book paper, with over 
two hundred half-tone illustrations. A 
few years ago he published a neat vol- 
ume called " Historic Danvers," which 
had a ready and appreciative sale. 

Mr. Moynahan has been a most en- 
thusiastic worker for the progress of the 
town, it being the first in the state to es- 
tal)lish a municipal electric light plant 
and the referendum system of voting on 
matters retjuiring money appropriations, 
in all of which his paper wielded a strong 

a view to join the Congregation of the 
Xaverian Brothers, was opened on Sept. 
3, 1891 (solemnly on Aug. 17, 1892) 
and incorporated into the State of Mas- 
sachusetts on Oct. 9, 1891. 

Promising young men (R. C.) fourteen 
years of age and upwards, after having 
successfully completed their grammar 
course, receive in this institution a thor- 
ough normal education befitting them for 
the profession of teachers in the vari- 
ous colleges and parochial schools of the 
order. The number of students resident 


The Danvers Gas Light Co. 

The Danvers Gas Light Co. was or- 
ganized in i860, with a capital of S20,- 
000, and has since been incorporated un- 
der the laws of this State. The plant is 
located at Danversport and has from 
time to time been considerably enlarged, 
and the company's local office is in Por- 
ter's block. The company is in a ])ros- 
perous condition. 

St. John's Normal College. 

This institution, which has for its ob- 
ject to train young men as teachers, with 

at the college on Jan. i, 1899 was twen- 

The house stands on the summit of a 
hill. It is a splendid building, three 
stories over a solid basement, and in its 
construction forty varieties of stone, all 
of them found on the premises, were used. 
The same variety of stone, ranging from 
the pudding stone, found everywhere in 
Massachusetts, to brilliant gold and 
brown, and red and black granite, and 
pure white marble, is evident in the con- 
struction of the three massive gateways 
to the estate. 

Nearly fifteen acres, immediately abou 
the house, are laid out in pleasure grounds ; 



a great lawn in front, studded with a vari- 
ety of rare and majestic trees, slopes gen- 
tly to Summer street, bordered by a neat 

The interior of the mansion, from the 
basement upwards, is finished in the most 
solid and pleasing manner possible ; the 
halls, parlor, dining-room, drawing-room, 
hallways, bath and bedrooms, — in all eigh- 
teen spacious apartments — are all pan- 
eled in quartered oak, with ceilings fres- 
coed in the most varied and artistic style. 
The kitchen and other domestic offices 
occupy the roomy basement. The house is 
heated by both direct and indirect steam 

by the then owner, Stephen Phillips, a 
retired sea-captain ; thirty-five acres of 
meadow, pasture and woodland, belong- 
ing to the same estate extend as far as 
Maple street, and are traversed by the 
Lawrence PJranch of the B. & M. R. R. 
In the meadow, on the slope of a mound, 
is an old family cemetery, several tomb- 
stones of which bear dates as far back as 

The Windsor Club. 

The Windsor Club grew out of the as- 
semblage of a number of congenial ones 


heat. Tne aggregate cost of this man- 
sion amounted to about $75,000. 

At about a thousand yards southwest 
from the mmsion is the historical Beaver 
Brook farm-house, a frame building, now 
somewhat modernized, which dates as far 
back as 1670. Here lived in 1692 Sarah 
Osburn, a victim to the witchcraft delu- 
sion ; at first imprisoned in Silem Village 
church, she was afterwards transferred to 
Boston jail, where she died, supposedly 
of a broken heart. 

West of the above house is situated a 
stone barn, 60 x 100 feet, built in 1827 

among the young business men of the 
town who felt the necessity of having a 
place where they could meet with more 
or less regularity to discuss public matters 
and enjoy social intercourse. They de- 
termined finally that it would be advisa- 
ble to form a social organization and with 
that end in view the Windsor Club was 
established. That was several years ago, 
and rooms were occupied over the post- 
office, the club largely increasing its mem- 
bership and growing into a prosperous 
and popular organization. In 1897 it 
was decided to take new apartments and 



the present desirable quarters in the 
Richards block were taken and fitted up 
in a luxurious manner. The five rooms 
consist of a large parlor and reading 
room, billiard and pool room, a large 
hall for meetings, kitchen and janitor's 
room. The present membership num- 
bers sixty and is composed of the leading 
business and professional men of the 
town, and as the management is pro- 
gressive and alive to the needs of mem- 
bers, the future of the club is very bright. 
Last year the club 
was incorporated un- 
der the laws of the 
State of Massachu- 
setts. The present 
offict rs are : Presi- 
dent, Andrew H. Pa- 
ton ; Vice-President, 
Horace O. South- 
wick, Peabody ; Sec- 
retary, George Lit- 
tle ; Treasurer, C. 
Dexter Richards ; 
Executive Commit- 
tee, Jay O. Richards, 
Walter ]. Budgell, 
Walter T. Creese ; 
Janitor, John H. 
Moser. The advan- 
tages presented to 
the business or pro- 
fessional man of D m- 
vers by membership 
in this club are num- 
erous. He is not 
only thrown into as- 
sociition with the 
best and most pro- 
gressive element in 
our citizenship, and 
has, at the small annual cost, all the ])riv- 
ileges of the club rooms at any time, but 
he will become a participant in all the 
club's future benefits. The Windsor 
club has in prospect numerous additional 
features which go to make up the mod- 
ern men's club. As fast as it seems prac- 
ticable these improvements will be made. 
It may justly be considered an honor 
and a rare privilege to be a member of 
the club. The elegance of its apartments 
and the high standing of its members 

commend it to the favor of the best and 
most desirable elements in the social life 
of Danvers. 

Bernard^ Friedman & Co. 


The firm of Bernard, Friedman & Co., 
manufacturers of fancy leathers, has its 
extensive plant on Ash street, and its 
products go all over the civilized woild. 
This firm has won the distinction of be- 
ing the first to ever induce the United 
States government to 
jHit colored leather 
into army shoes, and 
during the past year 
there have been gov- 
ernment contracts 
made with shoe man- 
ufacturers, one of the 
provisions of which 
WIS that the stock 
used should be as 
good as Bernard, 
Friedman i!v: Co.'s 
Titan calf stock ; and 
in a total of con- 
tracts aggregating 
300,000 pairs o f 
siioes, this firm fur- 
nished all the stock 
put into colored army 
shots. The firm of 
Bernard, Friedman 
& Co. is composed of 
Albert Bernard and 
M IX Friedman, o f 
iSoston, and Henry 
Creese, of Danvers, 
and was organized 
in 1889. Business 
was carried on in 
Peabody for about a year and was then 
reiiioved to 1 )anvers and occuj)ied a build- 
ing erected for the firm l)y the Danvers 
Building Association. The firm has since 
pure based the building. The plant has 
been enlarged as the business grew until 
the present immense plant has succeeded 
it. The first year scarce a score of men 
were employed. Today more than 250 
men are constantly employed. Last year 
the output of this factory was worth more 
than one and three-quarters millions of 





dollars. Of the plant itself it may be 
said briefly that the new building, so- 
called, is 250 X 40 feet, 5 stories in 
height; there is another building 284 x 
40, 5 1-2 stories; a storehouse 200 x 40, 
2 stories, a machinery storehouse, 45 x 
65, 2 stories; a repair shop, 75 x 45, 4 
stories ; a lime, or beam house, 65 x 40, 
one story ; these are the principal build- 

The power is furnished by boilers of 
300 horse power, with engines of 350 
horse power. A description of the pro- 
cesses and the machinery used in them in 

nected with the factory. The lines of 
goods made by this firm have established 
a world wide reputation and are ex- 
ported to all parts of the world where 
leather is used. Immense quantities of 
genuine kangaroo skins are imported from 
Australia direct in the raw state by this 
firm. Among its most noted products are 
Russia Zulu storm calf and Black Titan 
calf, which have become, as stated, the 
government's standard of excellence in 
making contracts. Messrs. Bernard and 
Friedman attend to the Boston end of the 
business, with offices at 10 High street. 


transforming raw hides and skins from all 
parts of the globe into the fancy leathers 
made by this firm, would require more 
space than can be given here. 'l"he factory 
is ecjuipped with the Sturtevant system 
of dryers, the Grinnell system of sprinklers, 
and has an independent water system of 
its own, in case of failure of the town 
water. It is also fully equipped with 
hundreds of electric lights. Two night 
watchmen are always on duty at night, 
and the Seth Fowler clock system is used. 
There are vacuum condenser jnuiips, and 
also large water and sewer pumps con- 

The factory is under the direct supervis- 
ion of the other member of the firm, Mr. 
Henry Creese, who is a tanner by trade, 
and, one might say, by birth and inheri- 
tance also. Mr. Creese learned the tan- 
ning business in England, going to work 
at it when a small boy. His father, grand- 
father and great grandfather were expert 
tanners before him. After serving his 
apprenticeship he remained with his em- 
ployer I 7 years. He came to the United 
States in 1872 and went to work for 
White Bros. & Co. of Lowell, remaining 
there 18 years, the last ten years being 


superintendent of the works. Ten years 
ago he entered the firm of which he is 
still a member, and the business has 
grown and prospered under his personal 
management from the small beginning to 
its present status. Mr. Creese is assisted 
in the management of the factory by his 
son, Mr. Walter T. Creese, and his son- 
in-law, Mr. Henry W. Cook, both wide- 
awake, enterprising and up-to-date busi- 
ness men. All three gentlemen reside in 
Danvers and are counted among the 
town's progressive, public spirited citizens. 

Danvers Co-operative Association. 

This association had its inception in 
1 87 1, when it was formed with the object 
of dealing in groceries and provisions on 
the Co-operative plan. The premises 
occupied at that time were located in the 
Putnam building near the Eastern R. R. 
station. The rapid growth of the busi- 
ness, however, necessitated its removal to 
more commodious quarters which were 
secured in the Essex block and here the 
Association occupies a commodious and 
excellently equipped store measuring 
twenty by sixty feet. In 1882, the con- 
cern was incorporated under the laws of 
this State, with a capital of $2,500. The 
officers are : — President, Samuel C. Put- 
nam ; Directors, Samuel C. Putnam, Al- 
fred W. Bacon, Lewis VV. Day, Joseph P. 
Tufts; Clerk of the Corporation, Henry 
B. Learnard ; Treasurer and Storekeeper, 
Herbert S. Tapley. The Corporation 
deals in fine groceries and provisions, of 
which a heavy stock is carried, the lowest 
prices compatible with superior goods 
prevailing. The trade has increased 
steadily and not only covers Danvers but 
branches out to Middleton, Wenham, 
and other places within a radius of ten 
miles. Three assistants are em])loyed in 
attending to the retjuirements of mem- 
bers. The officers of the Association are 
all well known business men and deserve 
much credit for the success their enter- 
prise has attained. 

man at Tapleyville form one of the most 
extensive and best equipped establish- 
ments of the kind in the county. There 
are six glasshouses and large office, cover- 
ing a ground area ot 7,500 feet and having 
a lineal frontage of 130 feet. These are 
heated throughout by steam and an equa- 
ble temperature so essential to successful 
growth is always maintained. It would 
be difficult to name any member of the 
floricultural kingdom worthy of a place 
and capable of cultivation in garden or 
conservatory that is not represented in 
the plant-houses. The stock is replete 
with cut flowers, ferns, palms, plants and 
roots, a special feature being made of 
floral designs for weddings, christenings, 
funerals and decorations for festive occa- 
sions. The product of the conservatories 
finds a ready sale not only in Danvers but 
in the surrounding cities and towns, and 
a large business has been built up. The 
partners in the concern are Edward E. 
and Charles W. Woodman, both natives 
of Danvers. They are both highly es- 
teemed. E. E. Woodman has occupied 
several important positions in town affairs. 

Samuel M. Hill. 

E. & C. Woodman. 

The conservatories of E. ^S: C. Wood- 

Wenham Lake ice is known throughout 
the whole of New England for its clear- 
ness and purity and as a consequence is 
largely purchased by the better class of 
ice users. The demand, in fact, exceeds 
the supply and all that can be harvested 
meets with a ready sale. Samuel M. Hill 
has four ice-houses with a joint storage 
capacity of four thousand tons and em- 
ploys from four to one hundred men ac- 
cording to the season. The business was 
established over thirty years ago by Henry 
Patch and was purchased by Mr. Hill in 
1893. A valuable trade has been devel- 
oped and four wiigons are utilized in dis- 
tributing the product of the winter's work 
on the frozen Lake. Mr. Hill is a native 
of Nova Scotia having been born at Econ- 
omv in that Province in 1868. He came 
to this state in 1887 and in 1893 went to 
Wenham to engage in his present busi- 
ness. Mr. Hill is well and favorably 
known in this and the surrounding dis- 
tricts where n\uch of his trade lies. 





Willard Hall School. 

AVillard Hall School for girls furnishes 
thorough preparation for college, a pre- 
scribed course for those who wish to grad- 
uate, and excellent opportunities for 
advanced work in French, German and 
music for those who come from high 
schools and do not wish to take the regu- 
lar course. 

The school was opened in September, 
1887, and removed in June, 1893, to a 
much larger and more suitable building, 
having outgrown its former accommoda- 
tions. The present structure contains 
forty- two rooms, well arranged for the 
purposes of a private school and is steam 
heated and lighted by electricity. The 
number of family pupils is, however, still 
limited, as it is believed that a large num- 
ber of pupils takes away the special home 
character of the school which is so much 
valued. The class-rooms and bed-rooms 
are large, airy and pleasant, with excellent 
sanitary conditions. Every arrangement 
is made to secure the best results with the 
least possible nervous strain. No rules 
are made prominent, but a spirit of ear- 
nest faithfulness is cultivated. During the 
study hours for the family pupils a teach- 
er is present and the scholars feel assured 
of the ready help and sympathy of the 
teachers at all times. Those who are 
advanced in French sit at a table where 
the conversation is conducted in that lan- 
guage. The pupils of the music depart- 
ment give a recital before the school 
several times each term, and once a year 
a public recital before invited guests. 
The literary work is stimulated by the 
occasional evenings given to the reading 
of compositions. The school being only 
eighteen miles from Boston, pupils can 
attend the best concerts and become 
familiar with the museums and other 
places of interest. A chaperone accom- 
panies the young ladies to those concerts 
in Boston and Salem which it is considered 
desirable they should attend. The work 
of the school is fully illustrated, the col- 
lection of photographs, fossils and miner- 
als being very complete. 

Five teachers are resident. Many of 
the graduates are in positions of imjjor- 

tance and homes of prominent influence. 
Certificates of the school are accepted at 
Smith, W'ellesley and other colleges. 

Miss Dawson took a five years' course 
at the Lay Institute, Montreal, and was 
examined for a Boston public school at 
seventeen, and given a position, which 
she retained until invited to become a 
teacher in the Lyons Female College, 
Lyons, Iowa. Near the end of the third 
year she was summoned to Boston by 
her father's death, and soon obtained, by 
examination with forty competitors, the 
position of head assistant in the boys' 
grammar school, Burroughs street, Jamaica 
Plain. In the third year there she was 
urgently invited by Dr. Samuel G. Howe 
to fill a vacancy in Perkins Institute and 
at the end of one year he gave her the 
opportunity to go to the " Royal Normal 
College for the Blind " in London. The 
steamer ticket had come to him along 
with the request to select a teacher, and 
he yiekied Miss Dawson, saying he would 
not disturb his own classes in January for 
any less cause, but his sympathies were 
with the great effort to establish American 
methods in the work for the Fnglish 

During two years in London Miss 
Dawson had very large experience in class 
exhibitions before distinguished audiences 
in homes of influential Englishmen, and 
b)' command at Windsor Castle before 
(^ueen Mctoria and her household. 

The Glasgow committee studied the 
London work and asked the Royal Col- 
lege authorities for an American teacher 
to put the Glasgow school for the blind 
on a new basis, and Miss Dawson was 
sent. One strong and eminently success- 
ful year was given to this work, including 
the training of a successor. 

Called home to P)Oston again by her 
family, she entered the Institute of Tech- 
nology for chemistry. This first year of 
rest from teaching was given to severe 
study of natural science. The summer 
course of three hundred hours, in Boyls- 
ton Laboratory at HarvardCollege, followed, 
under Professors Cook and Mabery. 

Miss Dawson re-entered the Institute 
of Technology in the fall, for quantitative 
work and blow-pipe analysis. 



In December she became teacher of 
Natural Science in Bradford Academy for 
seven years. All these years she was a 
contributor to newspapers and magazines, 
an active member of the "Rome Art 
Club " of Haverhill and in the year 1880 
was elected a member of the American 
Association for the Advancement of Sci- 
ence. Leaving Bradford in '8;^, Mrs. S. 
D. Merrill founded Willard Hall School 
for girls in '87, having a successful school 
from the first. 
The teachers 
and lecturers 
are secured 
from the best 
sources and 
no effort is 
spared to 
make it in 
every way, 
one of the 
best h o m e 
schools in 
New E n g- 

Late Hon. 

John D. 



John Dud- 
ley Philbrick 
was born at 
Deerfield, N. 
H., May 27, 
I 8 I 8, and 
died at Dan- 
vers, Feb. 2, 
1886, at the 
age of sixty- 
seven. Mr. 
Philbrick was 

educated in the common schools and 
academies of his native state, and gradu- 
ated from Dartmouth College at the age 
of twenty- four. He received the honor- 
ary degree of LL.D. from Bates College 
in 1872, and from St. Andrews, Scotland, 
in 1879 ; he was also honored with the 
title of the Chevalier of the Legion of 
Honor, France, 1878 : and with the Gold 
Palm of the University of France, with 


the title "Officer of Public Instruction," 
in 1878. 

Mr. Philbrick held various positions as 
teacher, superintendent and supervisor of 
educational mterests. He taught in four 
different district schools and an academy 
in New Hampshire ; for three colles;e 
winter vacations, m the district where he 
resiiled at the time of his death ; for two 
years in the Roxbury Latin School, 1842- 
4-1 ; for one term in a private school in 
1844 ; for one 
year in the 
English High 
School, Boston, 

1844-45 ; was 
master of the 
Mayhew Gram- 
mar school for 
boys, Boston, 
for two years, 
1845-47; of 
the Q u i n c y 
G r a m m a r 
School for 
boys, Boston, 
five years, 
1847-52 ; prin- 
cii)al State 
Normal school. 
Con necticut, 
two years, 
1852-54; Su- 
[) e rin tendent 
Public Schools, 
state of Con- 
necticut, two 
years, 1 85 4 -5 6; 
of City of Bos- 
ton, twenty 
years, 1856- 
1874 and 
I 8 76-1 878; 
agent of Massachusetts Board of Educa- 
tion 1875, in preparing the State Exhibi- 
tion of Education at Philadelphia; State 
Educational Commissioner and United 
States Honorary Commissioner to the 
Vienna Exposition, 1873; United States 
Commissioner of Education at the Paris 
Exposition, — so called, but m fact, only 
appointed by the Commissioner General 
to take charge of the educational depart- 



ment, and member of the Educational 
Juries, both at Vienna and at the Paris 
Exposition of 1S7S ; president of the 
Connecticut and Massachusetts State 
Teachers' Associalions, the American In- 
stitute of Instruction, National Teachers' 
Association, and New England Pedagog- 
ical Association ; member of the (Govern- 
ment of the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology from its establishment ; ten 
years trustee of Bates College ; ten years 
member of the Massachusetts Board of 
Education, 1S63-74; for some years 
member of the Educational Committee 
of the Social Science Association. These 
multiplied trusts are an abundant tesli- 

twelve quarterly and thirty- three semi- 
annual reports of public schools of Bos- 
ton, and several special reports relating 
thereto, printed in the annual volumes of 
the reports of the school committee of 
Boston from 1857 to 1878, inclusive; 
the reports for the State board of Educa- 
tion of the Legislature for the years 1S65 
and 1872; report as director of the 
United States exhibition at the Paris Ex- 
position of 1878, printed with the reports 
of the United States Commissioner-in- 
chief; Article Etats-Unis, Dictionaire de 
Pedagogue, Paris ; several lectures and 
papers printed in the volumes of the 
American Institute of Instruction ; and 


mony to the confidence reposed in Mr. 
Philbrick as an educator, and to the dis- 
tinguished ability with which he devoted 
himself to his life-long profession. 

Mr. Philbrick studied law to some ex- 
tent, but when not engaged in educa- 
tional matters he was for the most jxart 
occupied in farm work, both in youth 
and in his later years. 

He was one of the editors at different 
times of the " Massachusetts Teacher," 
editor of Connecticut " Common School 
Journal " for two or three years, when 
"employed in that state. He prejiared 
the annual reports of the public schools 
of the state of Connecticut for 1855-56 ; 

in volumes of the National Educational 
Association ; circulars of the National 
Bureau of Education ; papers in magazine 
" Education," "Journal of Social Science 
Association," and " North American Re- 
view," iS8t. Mr. Philbrick pre]iared 
the catalogue of United States Exhibition 
of P^ducation at Paris, 1878; compiled 
the Boston Primary Charts, the American 
Union Speaker, Boston, 1865 and 1876, 
and the Primary Union Speaker. A 
large proportion of these literary produc- 
tions were incident to his official posi- 
tions, but the wide range of topics treated, 
with the large amount of practical wis- 
dom displayed, marked Mr. Philbrick as 



a man possessed of a high form of genius, 
— a genius for work, and a zeal in what- 
ever he espoused, which not only nerved 
his own arm, but encouraged and stimu- 
lated those who were called toco- operate 
in his plans. 

On August 24, 1843, while teaching in 
Roxbury, he married Miss Julia A. Put- 
nam of Danvers, a descendant of Lieut. 
David Putnam, a brother of General 
Israel Putnam. The union proved a 
most happy one, and thus for forty-three 
years he had the cherishing support of a 
true helpmeet, and 
the comfort and 
joy of an ideal 

Rev. Milton 

Palmer Braman, 


Milton Palmer 
Braman was the 
son of a minister. 
Rev. Isaac Bra- 
man of George- 
town, and his 
mother was the 
daughter of a 
minister. Dr. 
Braman was the 
second in a family 
of five children. 
He went from 
Phillips Academy 
to Harvard, grad- 
uated from there 
in 1 81 9, and after 
a year's teaching 
entered the An- 
dover Seminary. 
He preached his first sermon at Danvers, 
in December, 1825, and preached some- 
what during Dr. Wadsworth's sickness, 
and upon that able minister's decease he 
was speedily and unanimously called to 
become his successor, being ordained 
April 12, 1827. Dr. Braman married 
Mary Parker of Georgetown in Novem- 
ber, 1826, seven months after his settle- 
ment here. He resigned March 31, 
1 85 1, after a pastorate of nearly thirty- 
five years. He had a number of times 


previously expressed a desire to be dis- 
missed, but his people would not let him 
go. This time he had decided. " I 
have reached that time of life when I 
wish to retire from the labors which the 
ministry imposes on me, and when it is 
usually better to give place to younger 
men." Dr. Braman moved to Brookline 
shortly after his resignation, then to Au- 
burndale, where he died April 10, 1882, 
in his eighty-third year. He was buried 
in the town of his birth after a brief ser- 
vice at the home of his aged mother. 

Dr. Braman was 
a strong man ; 
some have placed 
him at the head 
of eminent di- 
vines reared in 
Essex County. He 
was greatly assist- 
ed by his wife, 
one of the wisest 
and best of 
women, who re- 
lieved him of fam- 
ily cares, so that 
he could devote 
his time to parish 
duties, and in 
these she was ever 
a thoughtful as- 
sistant. Dr. Bra- 
man was a mem- 
ber of the school 
committee of the 
town for twenty- 
five years, and 
chairman of the 
Board for a consid- 
erable portion of 
that period. He 
was also a member from this town of the 
convention held in 1853 for revising the 
Constitution of the state, and he bore an 
active and influential part in its proceed- 
ings. He was one of the nine original life 
trustees of Peabody Institute, and was 
frequently consulted by George Peabody, 
the donor of this magnificent gift. By 
his earnest and faithful preaching, he made 
a deep impression upon his hearers, many 
being led to a saving knowledge of the 
truth and a devoted Christian life. 



^ <?( 

, &, 

mi -1 --f — 



Asylum Station. 
Collins Street. 

Danvers Junction. 

Eastern, D.invers Plains. 

B. & M. R. R. STATIONS. 

I )anversport. 
Western, I lanvers Plain. 
Piitn imville. 



Boston & Maine Railroad. 

The unusual and adequate railroad 
facilities which Danvers enjoys is a mat- 
ter which causes comment from every 
person visiting the town and remaining 
long enough to realize the extent of the 
railroad privileges which the great Bos- 
ton & Maine railroad system furnishes 
the town. For more than fifty years 
Danvers has had as good railroad facili- 
ties as any and much better than most of 
the towns of her size in any part of the 
country. It was in 1846 that the Essex 
railroad was incorporated, and in 1849 
it was opened from Salem to Lawrence. 
It was soon after leased to the Eastern 
railroad, and is now known as the Law- 
rence branch of the Eastern Division of 
the Boston & Maine system. In 185 i the 
Danvers iS: (Georgetown railroad was in- 
corporated and was consolidated with 
the Danvers & Reading railroad in 1853. 
This road was later consolidated with the 
Boston & Maine and has been known 
since as the Newburyport branch of the 
Western Division of the Boston & Maine. 
These two divisions cross each other at 
Danvers Plains. There are no less than 
nine stations within the limits of the town, 
each village having its own neat, well-aj)- 
pointed station, surrounded by its well- 
kept grounds, tastefully laid out in grass 
plats, flower beds and concrete or grav- 
elled walks. This great corporation, 
which looks so carefully after the wants 
and pleasures of its patrons, offers annu- 
ally prizes to its station agents \vho keep 
the grounds about their stations best and 
most attractive, and prizes have been 
often won by Danvers station agents. 
Especially fortunate is Danvers, too, in 
the class of men in charge of these sta- 
tions, for by their courteous manners and 
obliging ways they have become very 
popular with the patrons of their stations. 
There are twenty-one passenger trains 
daily between Danvers and Boston, 
some fast express trains, and a night the- 
atre train gives great satisfaction to a 
large number of patrons of the road. 
Nor are the freight facilities behind the 
passenger traffic ; no matter in what part 
of the town you are located if }Ou wish 

to send or receive freight to or from any 
direction you have but a short distance 
to haul it, for so liberally are the stations 
located along the lines of the road that 
all parts of the town are accommodated. 
This great railroad system, which con- 
nects with all parts of New England, has 
always been conducted in a spirit of 
broad liberality and progress, and as in 
the past, so probably, in the future, it will 
continue to be conducted in the interests 
of its patrons, and will continue to meet 
all the requirements for safe, rapid and 
comfortable transit, keeping fully abreast 
if not ahead of the times in the applica- 
tion of all new inventions, methods and 
improvements, for in these things the 
Boston & Maine has always been a lea der 
among railroads. In going to Boston by the 
Lawrence branch we pass through Salem, 
Lynn and Chelsea, and in going by the 
Newburyport branch we go through West 
Peabody, Wakefield, Maiden, etc., while 
Newburyport, Salem, Lawrence, Reading 
and other famous old towns are virtually 
at our doors, for such are the railroad ac- 
commodations that one can start at any 
hour for almost any town in New Eng- 
land and make the journey in an almost 
incredibly short time. Great is the Bos- 
ton (!v Maine system, and Danvers is 
much benefitted by it. 

William Penn Hussey, 

The career of William Penn Hussey is 
a notable example of the progress of one 
who by industry, perseverance and en- 
terprise has attained a commanding po- 
sition in the world ; a position, however, 
which could not have been reached and 
maintained without the additional virtues 
of probity, fair dealing and true manhood. 
Like many other men who today occupy 
prominent positions in life Mr. Hussey 
owes his ])ossessions and the standing he 
has attained to hard work and well ap- 
|)lied effort. Possessing by nature a 
clear head, a cool temperament, sound 
intellect and good judgment he knew that 
to succeed in life, industry and fidelity 
were the only remainina requisites for 
success and these he cultivated assidu- 
ouslv, with the result that there are few 


names belter known or respected in the 
great financial centres of America and 
Europe than his. He was the founder 
and subsequently Treasurer and General 
Manager of the Broad Cove Coal Co., 
Limited, of Cape Breton, N. S., and the 
inhabitants of Canada consider his name 

these mines have filled the people with 
awe so that the wise Solomon is eclipsed 
by the wonder-working name of William 
Penn Hussey. And well may it be so, for 
he has planned and successfully carried 
out feats in engineering which the Cana- 
dian Government engineers and other 


an all potent one in the commercial af- 
fairs of the Dominion. A notable event 
in their history was the running of the 
first locomotive over the railroad built by 
Mr. Huisey to the Broad Cove mines. 
The wonderful changes he has wrought 
and the amount of capital expended on 

experts declared impossible. More par- 
ticularly is this mechanical skill noticea- 
ble in the erection of the two great break- 
waters that guard the harbor of the Broad 
Cove Coal Co. Mr. Hussey was no 
novice in the field of mining engineer- 
ing when he invested his capital and 



undertook to develop and make a paying 
investment of the Broad Cove Mines. 
Many experts predicted failure, but 
nothing daunted Mr. Hussey set about 
his Herculean task. His experience in 
mining was acquired in the mines of Cal- 
ifornia and the west, amid surroundings 
and under circumstances that would have 
deterred any but him from continuing 
the business. This coupled with his 
magnificent physique, indomitable will- 
power and evenly balanced brain caused 
him to succeed where thousands would 
have failed and today the Broad Cove 
Coal Co. stands as a monument to his 
enterprise, skill and executive ability 
which the ravages of time can never efface. 
For his splendid services in developing 
this, so to speak, desolate portion of the 
Dominion, the Canadian Government 
offered Mr. Hussey the honor of knight- 
hood but as an American citizen he re- 
fused the dignity, preferring to live under 
the stars and stripes than become a Brit- 
ish subject. 

Mr. Hussey was born at North Ber- 
wick, Maine, in 1847. He is a son of 
William Hussey, the well known inventor 
of the famous Hussey plough and a first 
cousin of John G. Whittier the poet. At 
the age of eighteen Mr. Hussey went to 
California where he engaged in mining. 
He returned to the east in 1872, but 
subsequently went to Kansas where he 
remained several years. From thence 
he came to Danvers and engaged exten- 
sively in the wholesale and retail coal 
business and is to this day known as the 
honest coal dealer. Many families here 
have reason to remember his benevolence, 
for it is a well known fact that none who 
asked for bread were given a stone and 
his coal sheds were always accessible to 
those less fortunate than their fellows. 
(Generously permitting over 1,000 ])ersons 
to become indebted to him for coal, he 
has never taken any legal means to collect 
what is now due him on the numerous 
accounts. Mr. Hussey has had charge 
of the construction of many large public 
works among which may be mentioned 
the sewer system of Boston. He retired 
from the local coal business in order to 
devote his entire time and attention to 

the development of the Broad Cove Coal 
Co. which he had established at Cape 
Breton. Last year having brought that 
enterprise to a stage that it ranks among 
the richest coal mines in the world he re- 
signed his position as Treasurer and Gen- 
eral Manager in favor of his son J. Fred 
Hussey, but still owns seven-tenths of the 
Company's stock. 

Mr. Hussey married the only daughter 
of VV. H. Munro, the millionaire of Mar- 
tha's Vineyard. Riverbank, his palatial 
home at Danversport, stands in its own 
grounds and here he entertains lavishly, 
dispensing^ his hospitality to his numer- 
ous friends in an unostentatious and 
pleasing manner. • Mr. Hussey has trav- 
elled all over the world and is well ac- 
quainted with the various European cap- 
itals where he has met some of the most 
eminent statesmen and financiers of the 

J. Fred Hussey, 

The mantle of William Penn Hussey 
has fallen upon the shoulders of his son, 
J. Fred Hussey, who has proven himself 
to be a worthy son of a worthy sire. Not 
only has he inherited his father's splendid 
physique and genial disposition but also 
much of his business acumen and execu- 
tive ability. 

Mr. J. Fred Hussey has always made 
his home with his father. He was edu- 
cated at the public and Holten High 
Schools of this town and at the Burdette 
Business College, Boston. Upon com- 
pleting his education he was associated 
with his father in the coal business at 
Danversport, and subsequently assisted 
him materially in the development of the 
Broad Cove Coal Co., of which he was 
elected Treasurer and General Manager 
last year, filling the vacancy caused by 
the retirement of his father, William Penn 

|. Fred Hussey is a young man of great 
ability and has already demonstrated his 
power to successfully continue the work 
of development at Broad Cove. He re- 
cently installed a mining plant there op- 
erated by compressed air which has been 
a great saving in the cost of mining the 


coal and has materially reduced the Com- 
pany's expenditure. Mr. Fred Hussey 
has been indefatigable in promoting the 
interests of the Company in every wav 
and has won the esteem of the people of 
Broad Cove by his straightforwardness 
and kindness of disposition. His uer- 

jjerbons with 200 teams and ten bagpipes 
accompanied the couple twenty miles to 
Marbou. l"he town was gaily decorated 
with llags and the arrival of the party was 
the signal for the firing of a salute, the 
greatest enthusiasm prevailing. Dinner 
was served at the Cameron House and 


sonal popularity was most forcibly at- 
tested when at the close of the season's 
operations at Broad Cove in January Mr. 
Fred and wife were given a Highland 
send-off by the employees and people. 
An enthusiastic gathering of over 300 

the Jubilee Hotel, after which music and 
dancing were enjoyed. Before his de- 
I)arture Mr. Fred Hussey was presented 
the following address by J. L. McDougall, 
solicitor of the Company, on behalf of 
the people of Broad Cove. 





"To J. Fred Hussey, Treasurer of the Broad 
Cove Company, Limited. 

Respected and Dear Sir: — 

Having learned that you are aljout to leave us 
for a while in order to visit your native home in 
Danvers, Mass., we desire to convey to you our 
deep appreciation of what you have done for us 
and for our country while you were among us. 
Your noble enterprise at Broad Cove has been 
pushed on from its inception with energy, honor 
and success by yourself and your worthy father 
and we earnestly hope that the happy progress 
already made is but a faint intimation of the 
crowning results yet to follow. In the course of 
three short years your zeal, your capital and your 
courage have changed Broad Cove from a lifeless 
locality into a hive of industry. Whilst you were 
always intensely interested in pressing on the 
great work committed to your management, you 
were at the same time ever careful to see that 
the men who worked for you were properly 
treated and properly paid. This fact created 
and has always sustained the most agreeal)le re- 
lations between the employers and the employed 
at Broad Cove. We trust your connectinn with 
the Broad Cove Coal Company may continue, for 
we know that such connection will ensure success 
to the work and satisfaction to the workers. 

We desire you also to convey to your wife our 
heartfelt thanks for the kindly interest and sym- 
pathy she evinced in our welfare during the last 
summer and spring. You have both earned the 
respect and gratitude of the people of Broad 
Cove, who will never cease to pray for your fu- 
ture health and happiness.'" 

Mr. Fred Hussey replied with feeling and 
with brevity. Three hearty cheers were then 
given to Mr. and Mrs. Hussey, and as a fitting 
final to a day of gladness, three lusty cheers and 
a tiger were given for William Penn Hussey, 
the father, and founder of the Broad Cove Coal 

Mr. J. Fred Hussey was ninrried to 
Miss Bessie Cushman Ingalls of Boston 
last year and when not occupying his 
residence at Broad Cove, makes his home 
at Riverbank annex, where his father has 
fitted up a superb suite of a])artmeuts for 
the young couple. 

The following article is from the Pro- 
vincialist, a paper edited in Canada and 
published in Boston, to show Canada's 

" Another enterprise of greater magnitude is 
the development of the Broad Cove Coal mine 
and the construction of an artificial harbor con- 
tiguous thereto. The dominant force in this 
huge undertaking is William Penn Hussey of 
Danvers, Massachusetts, and formerly well known 
in Boston as " the honest coal dealer." Some 
eight or nine years ago Mr. Hussey visited Broad 
Cove and, after carefully examining the coal and 

the country, bought that mine for $60,000. It 
was then in an undeveloped state, and the diffi- 
culty of development and transportation seemed 
almost irremovable. People less shrewd and 
pushing than Mr. Hussey himself, imagined at 
that time that he had struck a most desperate 
snag. But William Penn knew his ground, and 
went straight ahead, looking neither to the right 
nor to the left. In the winter of 1894 he got an 
Act of Incorporation passed through the Legis- 
lature of Nova Scotia for the Broad Cove Coal 
Company, Limited. It was now that Mr. Hus- 
sey's remarkable energy came into full plav. 
When he bought the property the coal was there, 
it is true, but it was dormant and useless. There 
was no railroad within thirty-five miles of it ; 
there was no good harbor within forty miles of 
it ; a Canadian government engineer had exam- 
ined Mclsaac's Lake fast by, and had made a 
very discouraging report as to the practicability 
of making a harbor there; there was no capital, 
hope or enterprise in the locality. Broad Cove 
was in evil case. But Mr. Ilussey, nothing 
daunted, resolved on two things, namely; to 
open up and develop that beautiful coal property, 
and to make a good shipping harbor of Mclsaac's 
Lake. He went to Great Britain and other 
countries of Europe to float his scheme. He en- 
listed wealthy capitalists in England, .Scotland, 
France and Switzerland. He went down to Broad 
Cove as Manager and Treasurer of his company, 
purchased large tracts of land around the mine 
and projected harbor, imported a heavy lot of 
plant, built a railway from the coal pits to the 
proposed harbor, (two miles), bought a powerful 
clam-shell dredge with its fleet of scows, and 
went to work with the cool determination of a 
man who means business. The result is that 
on the i6th day of last month the Minister of 
Public Works of Canada, who had been around 
seeing the coastal works of the Maritime Prov- 
inces, had the happy mortification of being able 
to steam right into the new and elegant harbor 
of Broad Cove — a harbor which a few years ago 
. was pronounced virtually impossible by an expert 
officer of his own department. The distinguished 
Minister also experienced the cheerful novelty of 
seeing, in his own fair Dominion, an excellent 
harbor of immense public importance just being 
completed, two long substantial jiiers splendidly 
Inult at enormous cost, a magnificent shipping 
wharf with three or four vessels loading thereat, 
and all done without receiving one cent's worth 
of aid from the Government of Canada or any 
other Government. A novel experience, truly. 
For be it understood that, in Canada, all these 
public works are expected to be built and main- 
tained by the Federal Government. 

During the past two months an average of ten 
vessels a week — vessels of about 120 tons bur- 
then — loaded with coal in this new harbor of 
Broad Cove. The season having been advanced 
before they were ready to do much shippmg 
there, the market for this year's coal confined to 
the two provinces of Nova .Scotia and Prince 
Edward Island. 30,000 tons of Broad Cove coal 
was sold in ('harlf)ttetowii, P. E. I., alone, since 





two months. Next year this ronipany expects to 
reach the best markets of the St. Lawrence and of 
the New England States. The mine is now readv 
to be worked with electricity and machinery and 
could, if recjuired. turn out 4,000 tons a day. 
During this summer and last spring an average 
of 100 men a day were employed on the pier 
work, dredging and building operations. This 
does not include the hosts "f country people en- 
gaged in hauling timljer and other material for 
the various works there. Since tlie shipping of 
coal commenced fifty miners have l)een regularly 
employed, besides engineers, weighers and man- 
agers. By next fall this company will have ex- 
pended one (|uarter of a million dollars in F.rnad 

That this enterprise is one of tremendous ad- 
vantage to the county cif Inverness is self-evident, 
and there is scarcely a iloubt l)ut that it is des- 
tined to be one of great and permanent profit to 
its clever, courageous piromoters. Like every 
human venture, the undertaking has still difficul- 
ties and defects but its general success is estab- 
lished beyond question. The mine can lie oper- 
ated at less cost than any other mine in Nova 
Scotia ; it is Itetween 1 50 and 200 miles nearer 
Montreal and .St. Lawrence markets than any 
other of the working collieries of Cape llretim, 
ami the superior quality of the coal will alwavs 
command top prices. After this >easoTi the cnal 
can be shipped from there in large steamers. 
They have now fifteen feet of water in the chan- 
nel at low tide, and when the piers are extended 
outwardly 200 feet more they will have thirty-five 
feet of water. 

Mr. Neagli, a rich manufacturer of Zurich, 
Switzerland, is one oi the principal stockholders, 
and has spent all this and the most of last sum- 
mer in Broad Cove. Such is his confidence in 
the scheme that he says he would be willing to 
invest a million dollars in it himself. The other 
parties interested are equally sanguine, particu- 
larly the gallant founder. So long as William 
Penn Hussey controls the craft, his friends in 
Inverness will be moved to address it in the 
majestic language of the old Roman: "What 
dost thou fear? thou hast Cresar on l)oard." 

Thomas Pinnance. 

Mr. Pinnance possesses much al)ililv 
and a peculiar fitness as a fashioner of 
gentlemen's clothing and has l)een suc- 
cessful in building up an excellent trade. 
He is a native of England and was em- 
ployed by Poole, the celebrated London 
tailor. Mr. Pinnance came to this coun- 
try in 1888, and two years later came to 
Danvers, obtaining employment with M. 
C. Lord. In 1895 he went into business 
for himself, and has a store at 35 Maple 
street, where he has on hand an excellent 
line of seasonable novelties in domestic 

and imported materials. His experience 
in the best tailoring establishments in 
London enables him to give his pations 
correct style and an excellent tit that 
cannot fail to please the most fastidious. 
Mr. Pinnance's trade is largely among 
the fashionably dressed young men of the 
town, who have confidence in his skill 
and judgment in turning out the finest 
clothing, while his charges are modest. 

Mansel C. Lord. 

The merchant tailoring enterprise of 
Mansel I". Lord was established in 1879, 
and commands an excellent patronage 
ami)ng the most discriminating and fas- 
tidious citizens of Danvers and its vicin- 
ity. AL'. Lord also has many customers 
in Boston and Reading whom he visits at 
frequent intervals. His salesroom is well 
appointed and at present six persons are 
employed in the making of garments. 
The stock embraces a valuable and choice 
assortment of foreign and domestic wool- 
ens, worsteds, beavers, tweeds, and nov- 
elties, in fancy and fashionable weaves, 
that cannot fail to please the most fiistid- 
ious. Mr. Lord is a practical cutter, and 
exi)ert tailor of twenty-three years' experi- 
ence, and personally attends to all the 
details of production, allowing no gar- 
ment to leave his hands unless it can be 
pronounced absolutely perfect in fit, fin- 
ish, style and workmanship. It is thus 
that he has built up his trade, and he can 
be implicitly relied upon to furnish only 
such garments as shall be perfect in every 
detail. Mr. Lord was born in Athens, 
Maine, 1858, attending the public schools 
and graduating at Somerset Academy. 
Upon completing his education he went 
to Pangor to learn the tailoring business 
and from thence came to Danvers, where 
he established himself in business. He 
subsequently removed to the old Post- 
office building, where he has been located 
for eighteen years. He is prominent in 
social circles, being a member of Mosaic 
Lodge ; Holten Royal Arch Chapter ; 
St. George Commandery, Knights Tem- 
plar, Beverly ; I. O. O. F., and Red 
Men. He has a comfortable residence at 
the corner of Park and Berry streets. 



Elias, his father, 

Hon. Arthur A. Potnam. 

Arthur Alwyn Putnam of Uxbridge.. 
Mass., youngest son of EHas and Eunice 
(Ross) Putnam and descendant of John 
Putnam, emigrant progenitor of the num- 
erous and widely spread family of the 
name in America, was born in Putnam- 
ville, Danvers, near the Topsfield Hne, 
Nov. i8, 1829. His mother was a daugh- 
ter of Adam Ross of Ipswich, Mass, a 
soldier at Bunker Hill and during the 
Revolutionary War. 
was son of Israel 
Putnam, who was 
a " highly respect- 
ed and worthy cit- 
izen ;" and of his 
wife, Anna, who 
was a daughter of 
Elias and Eunice 
(Andrews) Endi- 
coti, and a lineal 
desc e n da nt of 
Gov. John Endi- 
cott. Israel was 
son of Dea. Ed- 
m u n d Putnam, 
and of his wife, 
Anna Andrews, 
sister of the above 
Mrs. Elias Endi- 
cott. Dea. Ed- 
mund was captain 
of one of the eight 
D a n vers- Lexing- 
ton companies of 
April 19, 1775, 
marching with his 
men and the rest 
to engage in the 
memorable battle 
on that day. 

The subject of our sketch, having re- 
ceived his earlier education at ])ublic 
schools in his native town, and at acad- 
emies in Westfield, Mass., and 'I'hetford 
and West Randolph, Vt., entered Dart- 
mouth College, in 1852, but left it at the 
end of his sophomore year. He then 
studied law at the Dane Law School, Cam- 
bridge, and afterward in the offices of 
Culver, Parker & Arthur (late President 
Arthur, New York), and of Ives and Pea- 


bodyof Salem, Mass. In the winter of 185 i- 
52, he taught in the school of his native 
district, as his father had done at the same 
place forty years before. He began to 
make political speeches in the neighbor- 
hood about the time he became a voter, 
but became still more active in this line 
in various parts of Essex County, during 
the Fremont campaign of 1856. In that 
year Danvers elected him her representa- 
tive to the lower branch of the state legis- 
lature, in which he was the youngest but 
one of that body, yet was appointed one 
of the monitors of 
the House and also 
a member of the 
c o m m i 1 1 e e on 
elections. After 
two years of im- 
paired eyesight, 
he resumed his 
law studies, and in 
1859 was admit- 
ted to the bar and 
opened his office 
in the town of his 
birth. In 1859, 
also, his fellow cit- 
izens again sent 
him to the legisla- 
ture, where he was 
highly influential 
in helping to elect 
John A. Goodwin 
as speaker, and 
held the position 
of Chairman of 
the Committee on 
cery. In the ex- 
tra session of i860 
he was quite alone 
in opposing the bill for the wholesale 
slaughter of cattle suspected of pleuro- 
])neumonia. The measure was wildly 
])ushed through both houses, but Mr. Put- 
nam's bold and carefully considered 
speech predicted that in two or three 
weeks the senseless scare and craze would 
die out and the law would be a dead let- 
ter, and this was precisely what came to 

Of his patriotic service, when, at the 
outbreak of the rebellion in the spring of 



1 86 1, he presided over the first war 
meeting in Danvers and soon afterward 
raised and commanded the second com- 
pany formed in the town (Company I, 
of the 14th Infantry), an account is given 
in the " Historical Sketch," in the first 
part of this volume. Along with other 
officers he had difficulties with the colonel 
of the regiment and accordingly left it 
about the time of its departure from Fort 
Warren for Washington and returned to 
the practice of law at Danvers. But as 
the war continued, the fever was on again 
and in the summer of 1863, he joined 
with Col. Frankle of the Second Heavy 
Artillery, in actively recruiting the 3d 
battalion of that regiment, in which he 
soon became senior ist lieutenant and 
subsequently captain of Co. E. This was 
the last of the Massachusetts regiments 
to return home after the war. Its service 
consisted chiefly of garrisoning forts on 
the Atlantic coast and skirmishing with 
the enemy in the interior to capture cot- 
ton and other spoils. At places where he 
was stationed, epidemics were very preva- 
lent and the mortality was great, but he 
himself kept on his feer, and on being 
asked later what principal battle he had 
been engaged in, he replied, " The Battle 
of Yellow Fevei-y Daring his service in 
the Second Artillery, he was also judge 
advocate at Plymouth, N, C, and for a 
time was assistant provost marshal of the 
District of North Carolina, having charge, 
for several weeks, of the central office at 
Nevvbern. He has long been prominent 
in the Grand Army of the Republic, as 
commander of his post for two years, as 
delegate to state and national encamp- 
ments and on the staff of various depart- 
ment commanders ; as judge advocate 
under department commander Smith in 
1891, and as himself a candidate for de- 
partment commander in 1892, when he 
made a strong run, but was defeated by 
his friend, J. K. Churchill, who had the 
advantage of being in the line of promo- 
tion. For more than a quarter of a cen- 
tury he has been a favorite orator in 
many places for Memorial Day, delivering 
an address each year and sometimes two 
on the same day and in one instance 

In the spring of 1866, he removed to 
Blackstone, Mass., for the continued 
practice of his profession. In 1872 he 
was appointed Judge of the newly created 
2d District Court of Southern Worcester, 
having tried, during the four previous 
years, numerous civil and criminal cases 
before juries in the Superior Court, with 
many favorable verdicts. He has been 
judge for twenty-seven years, and during 
that long time has been absent from his 
post only a few days and then by reason 
of sickness alone. At the end of twenty- 
five years of service, his admiring friends 
and associates desired to compliment 
him with some token of their apprecia- 
tion of his high worth and able and faith- 
ful work, but the purpose or plan was 
abandoned in consequence of his disincli- 
nation to receive the honor. 

During his residence at Blackstone, he 
rnarried, Nov. 25, 1868, Miss Helen 
Irving Staples of that town, and their two 
children are Alden Lyon and Beatrice. 
In 1877, the family removed to Uxbridge 
where they have since had their home. 
In both places Judge Putnam has con- 
tinued to take a deep interest in political 
affairs and has been a staunch Republican 
from the start, though not blindly or 
slavishly following his party in any aban- 
donments of its original and fundamental 
principles. He has attended local meet- 
ings, stumped in state and national cam- 
paigns, served as delegate to important 
conventions in the state and was alternate 
to the national conventions that nominated 
Lincoln and Hayes, and has been called 
to preside over others. County, Congres- 
sional, and Senatorial. His speeches at 
such meetings, like his arguments at 
court or his addresses on other occasions, 
are not only strong and eloquent, but are 
often touched with wit and humor, irony 
or sarcasm, that greatly enhance the gen- 
eral effect. A somewhat extended news- 
paper sketch of him, to which we are not 
a little indebted foi our own, testifies to 
the delight with which his assembled 
friends or fellow citizens always welcome 
his presence and voice, his fine figure and 
his apt and ready utterance. Some or 
manv of the hot contests in which he has 
been engaged as counsel or partisan and 



in which he has shown conspicuous abil- 
ity, are well remembered. The one that 
resulted in the first nomination and elec- 
tion of George F. Hoar to Congress, was 
of first rate importance. The delegates 
to the convention were about equally di- 
vided in their preference between Mr. 
Hoar and Mr. Bird. All depended upon 
the five delegates that were yet to be 
chosen from Blackstone, and these were 
in doubt. Mainly through the lead and 
influence of Judge Putnam the five de- 
clared for the future illustrious senator, 
and the world knows the sequel. 

The Judge has also a decided literary 
taste and talent. In 1855, he wrote a 
series of letters from New York to the 
Saletn Regisfcr on " Life in the Metropo- 
lis," and published an address on General 
Grant. During the Rebellion he was war 
editor of the Peabody Press for about a 
year, and also at Plymouth, N. C., started 
and conducted for two months a small 
weekly paper, called "The Flag." The 
" History of Blackstone," contained in 
the " History of Worcester County," is 
one of his productions. The " Ten Years 
a Police Court Judge " ( 1 884 ) , is a highly 
entertaining book and is still sold, and 
his " Putnam Guards" ( 1S87), giving an 
account of early war proceedings in Dan- 
vers in 1 861, is a pamphlet of permanent 
interest and value. Among his notable 
occasional addresses is one which he de- 
livered at the dedication of the Thayer 
memorial building in Uxbridge ; and 
among various admirable lectures which 
he has given before literary societies may 
be particularly mentioned his " Miles 
Standish " and his "Authorship of Shakes- 
peare," in the last of which he sides, with 
telling effect, with the Baconians. Many 
years ago he organized in Danvers a 
Shakespeare Club, which Hon. Henry K. 
Oliver, of Salem and Lawrence, said was 
the second in the TJnited States, (Jliver 
himself having organized the first. The 
Judge is not only fond of the drama, but 
also has a passionate love of music and 
was very early in life an adept with many 
an instrument and played the post-horn 
or bugle in noted bands, nor by any means 
has wholly lost the taste or art in later 

\Yherever he has lived, he has proved 
himself a good ami useful citizen, a warm 
hearted friend and a faithful servant of 
the public. He was formerly on the Li- 
brary Committee of the Danvers Peabody 
Institute, and has served on school com- 
mittees in Danvers, Blackstone and Ux- 
bridge. For many years he has been a 
trustee of the LTxbridge Savings Bank, 
being also one of its financial committee ; 
and he is now the President of the Trus- 
tees of the LTxbridge Public Library. He 
is of the Unitarian denomination and for 
six years was chairman of the Parish 
committee of the Uxbridge LTnitarian So- 
ciety. About the time he left Dartmouth 
College he read in his classroom an essay 
on Thomas Paine, which, by its broad and 
radical views, gave much offence to the 
faculty. Thirty-three years afterward the 
college conferred upon him the degree of 
A. M. Perhaps neither party stands 
to-day just where it stood forty or fifty 
years ago. At all events, the Judge has 
always had " the courage of his convic- 
tions," and he is as honest and true as he 
is brave and kind, helpful and unselfish. 

Hon. William H. Moody. 

Upon the death of the lamented Gen- 
eral Cogswell in the early spring of 1895, 
the Republican thought of the old Essex 
district turned instinctively to Hon. Wil- 
liam H. Moody of Haverhill, at that time 
serving his fifth year as District Attorney 
for the eastern district of Massachusetts, 
as his successor. 

He is a native of Newbury, where he 
was born Dec. 23, 1853. He graduated 
from Phillips Academy, attended Holten 
High School of Danvers, where he re- 
sided for a few years, graduated from 
Andover, in 1872, and from Harvard 
University four years later. Devoting 
himself to the study of law, Mr Moody 
I)racticed in Haverhill with marked suc- 
cess and has acted as city solicitor. His 
incumbency of the district attorneyship 
was a most notable one, and attracted 
wide attention. At a s[)ecial election 
held at the time of the regular state elec- 
tion in November, 1895, he was chosen to 
succeed Gen. Cogswell, receiving 15,064 


votes to 5,815 for Hon. H. N. Shepard 
of Boston, democrat. One year later, 
Mr. Moody was re-elected by a majority 
of about 12,000 over Hon. I'.. M. ISoyn- 
ton of West Newbury. The sixth con- 
gressional district is historic territory, 
comprising as it does, the major ]iortion 

he served on the committee upon expen- 
ditures in the department of justice and 
election committee No. i. His work 
u]ion the vexatious problems aiising from 
contested election cases which this com- 
mittee was called upon to consider, was 
eminently fair and just to all concerned. 


of Essex comity, vvith a population, ac- 
cording to the United States census of 
1890, of 169,418. Of the many and di- 
versified interests there involved, Mr. 
Moody has been a most ace e]) table rep- 
resentative. In the fifty-fourth congress 

Mr. Moody introduced several bills bear- 
ing upon the fis-hing industry, in which 
his district is to largely interested, and 
also devoted himself to securing better 
life-saving facilities along the north shore. 
He is an eloquent speaker and his eulogy 


ui^on Gen. Cogswell, delivered in Con- 
gress on the day set apart for such memo- 
rials, was one of the best heard there in 
recent years. Mr. Moody is prominent 
in social life in his home city and is a 
member of leading fraternal and business 

honor when next a vacancy shall occur. 
Mr. Moody is one of the broadest, 
kindest and most popular men in the 
state, and in every department of human 
affairs receives the warmest support from 
all classes. 


C'ongressman Moody's numerous suc- 
cesses m the National House and his able 
leadership and recognition in various im- 
portant measures are familiar to all. He 
has been among those most prominently 
spoken of as Speaker Reed's successi)r, 
and is one of the leading candidates for the 

Hon. William S. Knox. 

In the Massachusetts delegation to the 
lower brinch of Congress the counsel of 
Hon. William S. Knox of Lawrence ranks 
high. The territory represented by Mr. 
Kno.K is considered to have the greatest 


textile interests of any district in the 
country, including such manufacturing 
centres as Lawrence and Lowell and 
reaching to our neighbor, Peabody. Not 
for a moment was there a doubt that 
the interests of the Fifth District would 
be amply protected by its present Con- 
gressman and these anticipations have 
been abundantly justified. Hon. William 
S. Knox was born in Killingly, Conn., 
Sept. lo, 1S43, moved to Lawrence when 
nine years of age, and has resided in that 
city ever since. He graduated from 
Amherst College in 1S65 and in the fall 
of the following year was admitted to the 
Essex Bar. The legal practice of Mr. 
Knox has always been a large one and 
he was chosen City Solicitor in 1875-6, 
and again in 1887-8-9-90. In 1874-5 
he was a member of the Massachusetts 
House of Representatives, his legal acu- 
men placing him upon the Judiciary 
Committee. He has been markedly suc- 
cessful in business movements and is now 
president of the Arlington National Bank 
of Lawrence. In 1894, he was elected 
to Congress by a good majority over Hon. 
George W. Fifield, Democrat, and in the 
Republican tidal wave of November, 1896, 
he was given 17,835 votes to 11,531 for 
Hon. J. H. Harrington of Lowell, his 
Democratic opponent. In the fifty-fourth 
Congress, Mr. Knox served upon the 
Committees on Territories, and Expendi- 
tures upon Public Buildings. Upon the 
questions arising from reports l)y these 
committees, he spoke frequently and with 
effect. Perhaps the most important of 
the bills which he presented was that pro- 
viding for a uniform system of bank- 
ru])tcy. Bankruptcy legislation was a 
subject of particular interest to Mr. 
Knox, other speeches dealing with the 
proposed International Monetary Con- 
ference and various territorial matters. 
In the recent special session of Congress, 
the opinion of the member from the Fifth 
Massachusetts District was most weighty 
in the consideration of the economic 
])roblems there presented for solution. 
Mr. Knox was elected to and is a mem- 
ber of the Fifty-sixth Congress. His 
views are in line with those of the Re- 
publican majority. Personally, he is 

most aft'able and numbers friends by 

Charles Horace Shepard. 

Charles Horace Shepard came to Dan- 
vers in 1873 from Woburn,and established 
here the apothecary business, which he 
sold later to Edgar C. Powers; now the 
property of S. M. Moore. In 1875 Mr. 
Shepard bought the Mirror newspaper 
and printing office of H. C. Cheever, and 
the job printing l)usiness of Putnam & 
Barnes, and consolidated them in new 
quarters in the Ropes block, where the 
business has since remained, and is now 
the property of Frank E. Moynahan, who 
had been for some years a member of the 
staff, and purchased the plant of Mr. 
Shepard in 1890, on the latter's appoint- 
ment as LT. S. Consul to Sweden. During 
Mr. Shepard's fifteen years ownership and 
management of the Danvcrs Mirror, the 
paper attained high rank among the 
local weeklies of the County and State, 
and its editor was recognized among his 
fellows by election for several years as 
Secretary of the Massachusetts Press As- 
sociation ; was once commissioned to go 
to Augusta and present in person its invi- 
tation to James G. lilaine to attend and 
address the Association at its annual re- 
union and banquet in 15oston ; was twice 
elected Vice President of the Essex 
County Republican Club; and was ap- 
pointed, with Dr. Loring, Gen. Cogswell, 
Cabot Lodge, Judge Gate of Amesbury 
and editor Hill of Haverhill, to prepare 
and present to John G. Whittier, on the 
eightieth anniversary of his birth, an expres- 
sion and testimonial of the Club's regard 
and reverence for the noble man and 
loved poet ; and Mr. Shepard had the 
honor and pleasure to convey and present 
to Mr. Whittier the Club's offer, in the 
form of a specially prepared book of suit- 
able size, containing portions of an ad- 
dress before the Club by Senator Hoar, 
after a recent half-day spent with the 
poet, resolutions of the Club followed by 
signatures of all its officers and members, 
and nearly every member of the Senate 
and House of the Lhiited States Congress. 

Mr. Shepard attended the National con- 


vention in Chicago in 1884 that nomi- 
nated Mr. Blaine tor the Presidency; was 
alternate delegate to Gen. Cogswell from 
this Congressional district to the National 
convention that nominated General Har- 
rison for President in 1888 ; was the same 
year unanimously nominated for Represen- 
tative to the (ieneral Court from this dis- 
trict (Danvers and Middleton), and was 
elected ; was unanimously renominated 
the next year and was (fortunately) de- 
feated, though by only one vote, when 
200 Republicans, as is usual in "off- 
years," did not 
get to the polls. 
M V . Shepard's 
course and service 
had been such 
that in 1890 he 
was given, with- 
out urging and at 
no expense, what 
Secretary Blaine 
pronounced the 
best recommen- 
dations he had 
ever seen for a 
consular appoint- 
ment, including 
individual auto- 
graph letters from 
John (i. Whittier, 
Hon. Augustus 
Mudge, Rev. C. 
B. Rice, Geo. W. 
Fiske, Melvin B. 
Putnam, John D. 
Long, Oliver 
Ames, Governor 
Brackett, Treas- 
urer Marden, Sec- 
retary Pierce, 
Auditor Ladd, Speaker Barrett, Commis- 
sioner Merrill, Sergeant-at-Arms Adams ; 
forty hold-over members of the Legisla- 
ture of 1889, on a joint recommendation ; 
Governor Davis, Senator Hale and Con- 
gressman Boutelle of Maine ; two of the 
largest business firms in the paper line in 
Boston ; many delegates to the National 
Convention of 1888, and last but not 
least, the President and all past officers of 
the Massachusetts Press Association, and 
General William Cogswell. Application 


was made for a Consulate in Canada, but 
the location given was Gothenburg, Swe- 
den ; a district 500 miles in length and 
from 150 to 300 miles wide, containing 
three million people, the principal cities 
of the kingdom (except Stockholm), and 
the only open winter seaport. During 
Mr. Shepard's three years in the service, 
recording yearly a business of a million- 
and-a-half dollars, forwarding quarterly 
accounts to the State and Treasury de- 
partments, there was never reported a 
single error. 

After waiting 
! expectantly six 
months for recall 
by Mr. Cleve- 
land's administra- 
tion, which did 
not appear, and 
not caring to cross 
the Atlantic in 
\y inter, M r . 
Shepard sent his 
resignation to 
packed his goods 
and with his fam- 
ily returned home 
reaching this 
country after a 
stay of eight days 
in London 
(where he re- 
ceived from Min- 
ister Bayard a 
pass to the House 
of Commons), in 
time to put in a 
week at the Co- 
lumbian Exposi- 
tion ; there enjoy- 
ing the entertainment and courtesy of a 
box in the Auditorium, from Hon. Ferdi- 
nand W. Peck of Chicago, Treasurer of 
the Exposition, whom Mr. Shepard had 
entertained in Gothenburg, and accom- 
jjanied on a mission to King Oscar, in 
the interest of Sweden's taking part in 
our World's Fair. Mr. Peck was commis- 
sioned with others to visit all the Euro- 
pean countries in 1892 to urge their par- 
ticipation in our Fair, and their mission 
was most successful. That reception and 



interview with the King on his yacht 
"Sofia" in the beautiful harbor of the 
famous summer resort of Sweden at the 
island of Marstrand, twenty miles from 
Gothenburg ; the King's welcome, Mr. 
Peck's address, King Oscar's response in 
English, his cordial handshake of all the 
visitors, was an event not to be forgotten ; 
and the praiseful letter of Director-Gen- 
eral Davis of the World's Fair, to the 
Consul after the return home of the Com- 
missioners, was something worthy to be 
framed. Mr. Peck is now, by appoint- 
ment of the President, Director-General 
of the American Exhibit at the Paris Ex- 
position next year. 

Another most pleasing event in Mr. 
Shepard's service in Sweden was a day's 
entertainment of Hon. Andrew D. \Vhite, 
then U. S. Minister to Russia, now x-\m- 
bassador to Germany. The best turnout 
in the city was none too good for the 
Consul to supply for a half-day's tour of 
its avenues, numerous parks, water-works, 
canals, miles of wharfage, and beautiful 
buildings, by Minister White, English 
Consul Duff, and the American Consul 
and Vice Consul. It may not be generally 
known that the official rank of an Ameri- 
can Consul is classed as equal to that of 
Colonel in our regular army ; and that on 
any public occasion where such officers 
are assembled, precedence is taken accord- 
ing to ciate of commission. 

Returning to Danvers, Mr. Shepard 
and family re-established their home on 
Ash street, and in July, 1895, he pur- 
chased the two printing and newspaper 
offices in Peabody \ and that is his pres- 
ent business. He is a Notary Public for 
this State, by appointment of Governor 
Greenhalge, having had much to do in 
that line while in the consular service, 
being by virtue of such office. Notary 
Public for the United States, and a con- 
sular certificate and seal must attest sig- 
natures to all official or legal documents 
issued in foreign countries to be used in 
the United States. Mr. Shepard took the 
degrees of Master Mason, in Meridian 
Splendor Lodge, Newport, Maine, in 1S67, 
and of Royal Arch Mason, in Stevens K. 
A. Chapter, same town, in 1868 ; and 
made Secretary of each body, on the 

evenings of his raising, and exaltation ; 
and held the same so long as he resided 
in the State. 

If the foregomg shall be considered 
sufficient reason for appearance on this 
planet, something may be said of the time 
of that event and its previous and subse- 
quent relations. In the late years of the 
last century a Baptist clergyman named 
Samuel Shepard came from England to 
America and established a home in Brent- 
wood, New Hami)bhire. From there his 
son Joseph, a graduate of Dartmouth, 
and a physician, with his wife and two 
daughters and five sons, moved early in 
this century to the young State of Maine. 
His son Josiah settled in the town of 
Stetson, in Penobscot county and married 
Mary Damon, daughter of Daniel Damon, 
who had come from North Reading, Mass. 
Their children were Hervey Hook, 
Charles Horace, born Oct. 19, 1842, and 
Mary Elizabeth. The mother and son 
Horace and daughter Elizabeth are now 
living, mother and son in Danvers and 
daughter in Reading, wife of Joseph S. 
Temple. The father died in 1869, in 
Newport, Maine. The son Hervey died 
in Alatamoras, Mexico, in 1863, where 
he had fled from Texas to escape service 
in the rebel army. 

Joseph Shepard and Samuel Damon, 
young men just of age, and brothers of 
Josiah and Mary (Damon) Shepard, in 
1 S3 1 emigrated from Maine to Texas and 
engaged in the contest of Texas for inde- 
pendence from Mexico. Joseph died 
there after ten years' residence ; Samuel 
remained, married, became wealthy, and 
came to Maine in 1856 to visit his rela- 
tives : whom his wonderful tales of easy 
life and rapid wealth in Texas so much 
excited, that about twenty of them went 
to that State the next year ; most of whom 
returned to Maine the year following. 
Josiah Shepard and family were of the 
number who went, and having invested 
their money had to stay, and were there 
when the war came on, and unable to 
get away. The father was over military 
age ; the son Hervey was drafted and 
served about a year as clerk on a govern- 
ment vessel on the ISrazos river, when he 
obtained a substitute, below mihtary age ; 



later, the law being changed to take in 
boys of fifteen years on their own account, 
Hervey escaped to Mexico (the only pos- 
sible way to get out of the state), and with 
the result as before stated. 

Horace, the main subject of this sketch, 
was exempt from " Confederate " con- 
scription by rea- 
son of his busi- 
ness as apothe- 
cary. He was 
subject, however, 
to the State draft, 
and was three 
times called out 
for scares, that 
amounted to 
nothing, and 
lasted but a week 
or two. The war 
over, the family 
returned to 
Maine and set- 
tled in Newport, 
where the son 
continued in the 
apothecary busi- 
ness until his 
father's death , 
when he returned 
to Texas to se- 
cure and resell 
property forfeited 
for non-payment, 
and he was there 
most of the time 
for three years ; 
returning to Wo- 
burn, where his 
mother and sister 
were thni living, 
and from there 
they came to 
Danvers. While 
in Woburn he 
took a course in 
Comer's Com- 
mercial College, 
in Boston. Mr. Shepard's schooling was 
obtained in the schools of his native town 
and at Westbrook Seminary. November 
29, 1883, Mr. Shepard was married to 
Miss Eliza M. Hersey, daughter of Clark 
and Olive L. Hersey, at her home in 

East Corinth, Maine ; and they have one 
daughter, born May 12, 1885, name. 
Bertha May Shepard. 

Albert O. Elwell. 

No modern art demands closer appli- 
cation, greater 
tact, or the exer- 
cise of a higher 
order of judg- 
ment than that 
of photography 
in its higher 
branches. When 
to these qualities 
are added long 
experience and a 
sincere desire to 
excel, we have 
as a result the 
artist photogra- 
pher, who re- 
flects honor upon 
h i s profession, 
and to whom is 
due the credit 
for the wonderful 
progress made in 
the art within the 
past decade. 
Mr. Elwell has 
steadily pursued 
his vocation for 
seventeen years, 
earning public 
confidence and 
establishing a 
reputation for 
skill and thor- 
oughness that is 
by no means 
confined to Dan- 
vers alone. His 
studio, parlors 
and gallery occu- 
py the entire up- 
per floor of the 
poslol^fire building, and are most thor- 
oughly equipped with the most improved 
apparatus and appurtenances, elegantly 
furnished, tastefully arranged, accessible 
and attractive. Several assistants are 
employed and. ladies find here every 








y. ^^f^ 


iC\ w^^ 

"■ jj 






desirable accessory for proper pos- 
ing and are invariably pleased with 
the work done. Mr. Elwell's skill, 
however, is not confined to photo- 
graphic portraits, as his facilities for 
the production of pastels, water-col- 
ors and landscapes are unsurpassed. 
His proficiency in out-door photog- 
raphy is attested by the views which 
appear in this work, all of which 
were executed by him, showing that 
he seeks and achieves absolute i^er- 
fection in all that he undertakes. 
Mr. Elwell is a native of Glouces- 
ter, where he was bom in 1S65, 
but received his education at the 
Holten High School. He learned 
his art in the studio of W. (1. Hus 
sey, of Salem, and afterwards en 
tered the studio of Mr. Thompson, 
Amesbury, where he remained until 
1887, when he opened his present 
art gallery. 

pany, which has offices at 44 High 
street, Boston, and a large plant on 
Liberty street, Danversport, manu- 
factures fine leathers for shoes, bags, 
belts, trunks, suspenders, etc. Com- 
monly speaking, the products of 
the factory are russet and colored 
leathers. Last year this company 
turned out sixty thousand sides of 
finished leather, which went all over 
this country and Europe. The firm 
was organized in 1872, with C. P. 
Kerans & Bond constituting the 
partnership ; later the firm was 
Plumer, Bond & Kerans ; then 
George Plumer, Joseph Plumer and 
C. P. Kerans ; then Plumer & 
Kerans. George Plumer & Co. is 
the firm designation now, the Co. 
being Charles P. Kerans. The 
special machinery used is pebbling 
and printing machines, rollers, jacks, 
and other ingenious devices. 

There are sixty men employed in 
the factory, besides a large corps of 
clerks, accountants and bookkeepers 

Naumkeagf Leather Co. 

The Naumkeag Leather Com- 




and salesmen. The business grows stead- 
ily year by year, as the reputation of the 
leathers made by this firm grows wider. 
It is a live industry, which has been 
built up by correct business methods 
and honest goods. D.invers would gladly 
welcome more such industrial 
enterprises within her borders. 

variety. Combined with these Mr. Perry 
deals extensively in hay and grain, fertil- 
izers and various special articles. Ten 
assistants are employed in the various 
dei)artments of the business, and several 
delivery wagons are in use, delivering 

James O. Perry* 

This business was estab- 
lished in 1867, by Henry L. 
Eaton, who at that time oc- 
cupied a store in the Noyes 
block, but afterwards removed 
to the next block above when 
the business was purchased 
by its present proprietor, 
James O. Perry. Mr. Perry 
erected the splendid Perry 
block in 1S95, and moved 
the business to its present lo- 
cation the same year. 1 he 
store occupies the larger lower floor of 
the block and is handsomely finished 
and fitted up with large plate glass show 
windows, electric lighted, and admirably 
arranged for the advantageous display of 
its fine stock. The stock carried is larsre 



and varied. It embraces a full line of 
imported and domestic groceries, condi- 
ments and relishes, teas, coffees, canned 
goods, provisions and meats, and in fact 
all the leading staple groceries in great 

goods throughout the large territory 
from which the trade of the house is 
drawn. The trade is not confined to 
Danvers, but extends to Salem, Peabody, 
and the surrounding districts, within a 
radius of fifteen miles. Conducted upon 
those principles of 
sterling integrity and 
fair dealing which are 
the unfailing sources 
of prosperity and suc- 
cess, the business of 
the house is large, 
steady, and increasing 
yearly. Mr. Perry 
was born in the old 
UBfvr-' — ^^'"^-^ Tavern, Oct. 3, 
"" i^ ^ ^848, and at the age 
of twenty-one years 
engaged in the pro- 
vision business with 
Henry L. Noyes, 
whom he afterwards 
bought out. It is 
almost superfluous to 
add that Mr. Perry enjoys the respect of 
his fellow citizens, and has been, during 
his long business career, an important 
factor in everything that has been calcu- 
lated to favor the interests of his native 


1 29 

Andrew H, Paton. 


town and promote its general prosperity. 
James O. and Wallace P. Perry are 
also owners of the Leavitt Barrel Clamp 
and Cap, which is a new and useful arti- 
cle, fully protected by patent, invented 
by Geo. A. Leavitt. The manufacture 
of this article is likely to develop into one 
of the growing industries of Danvers. A 
shop has already 
been equipped 
with boiler and en- 
gine and suitable 
machinery, capa- 
ble of turning out 
from twelve to fif- 
teen dozen per 
day. Quite a large 
number of these 
clamps and caps 
have already been 
disposed of, thus 
demons t r ati ng 
their usefulness as 
a labor-saving de- 
vice in handling 
full unheaded bar- 
rels and in re|)air- 
ing old barrels. 

Was born in Dan- 
vers, July 18, 1849, of 
Scotch parentage. His 
father, Andrew Paton, 
and his mother, Mary 
S. Tulloch, came to 
this country at an 
early age, and were 
married in Danvers in 
1847. Andrew H. 
i'aton, the oldest child 
;ind only son, received 
liis education in the 
])ublic schools, gradu- 
ating from the Holten 
High school in 1865. 
While at school, and 
lor some years there- 
after, he worked in 
he shoe shops and 
Victories of the town, 
and as a grocer's 
clerk. In 1S79, he 
edited and published the £ss('x County 
Citizen, which advocated the so-called 
" Greenback " doctrine of national cur- 
rency. He was one of a committee to at 
that time interview General JSutler in 
Washington, to induce him to become 
the candidate for Governor of Massachu- 
setts, of those who believed in the Green- 




back principles. Mr. Paton obtained a 
large portion of the 53,000 petitioners 
who signed the request for the General 
to begin that series of memorable cam- 
paigns which in 1882 resulted in his elec- 
tion as Governor. In 1880 Mr. Paten 
entered the general office of the Knights 
of Labor at Marblehead, and he was, at 
its beginning and for a long time there- 
after, associate editor of the Knights of 
Labor Journal. Afteiwards he was iden- 
tified in a similar capacity with the Essex 
County Statesman and the American 
Statesman, both of 
Tslarblehead, and 
the Essex County 
Review of Danvers. 
At a later date he 
was for a time in 
the business man- 
agement of the 
Boston Daily 
Traveler. In 1883 
he was elected 
Representative to 
the General Court 
from the district 
of Danvers and 
Wenham, being 
the candidate of 
the united opposi 
tion to the Repub- 
lican party. In 
the legislature he 
served on the 
Co m m i 1 1 e es of 
Printing and of 
Education. He 
opposed the ma- 
jority of the latter 

committee m us 
proposition to con- 
fine the free text book system to the com- 
mon schools. The legislature adopted the 
minority amendment and parsed the bill, 
with the High schools included. He 
also opposed the so-called Berry Bill to 
build houses for the poor of the state at i 
cost of $300 each, on the ground that 
such homes were not good enough. 

Mr. Paton has served the town as its 
auditor of accounts and was one of the 
committee that first re])orted in favor of 
commercial electric lighting by the town. 

He has several times been a candidate of 
the minority for local, county and state 
offices. He has also been identified with 
many of the social and fraternal societies 
of the town and nation. Was, in 1894, 
1895 and 1896, the head of the Improved 
Order of Red Men of the United States, 
and as its Great Incohonee visited the 
Order in all the states and territories. 
Was one of the committee of Amity 
Lodge to prepare the history of Free- 
masonry in Danvers and vicinity. He is 
the Grand Commander of the American 
Legion of Honor 
of New England, 
and Deputy Su- 
preme Comman- 
der for the 
United States ; 
also a member 
of the Grand 
Lodge of Knights 
of Honor of 
Mass achusetts ; 
was a member of 
the Grand Lodge 
Sons of Temper- 
ance of Massa- 
chusetts ; is Su- 
preme Secretary 
of the Archaic 
Order of the 
American Sphinx 
and Na t i o n a 1 
President of the 
United States 
League. His lit- 
e r a r y abilities 
have been greatly 
in demand in the 
ritualistic work of 
the fraternities in which he is prominent. 
He i)repared a large part of the literature 
now in use by the Red Men and much 
of its ritual. He wrote the rituals of the 
American Friendly Society, of the Archaic 
Order of the American Sphinx, and of 
the United States Provident League. 
His ritual written for the American Legion 
of Honor was selected as the best of over 
fifty that were presented. He is now the 
President of the Windsor Club, the strong- 
est social organization of Danvers. He is 



also general agent of the Equitable Life 
Assurance Society of New York. 

Mr. Paton has always continued in the 
political beliefs represented by the Chi- 
cago platform of the Democratic party in 
1896 an(l was a member and active 
worker of the American Bimetallic League, 
which largely contributed to the campaign 
work for silver that culminated in the 
nomination of William J. Bryan for the 
Presidency. He was one of the represen- 
tatives of the League selected to attend 
the National Democratic convention at 
Chicago, and the Free Silver Party Con- 
vention at St. Louis, in 1896, and was 
elected as a Massachusetts delegate to 
the National People's Party Convention 
at St. Louis in 1896. 

In 1875, he married Ella A., the 
daughter of Charles W. and Lydia A. 
Brown of Danvers. They have four chil- 
dren, Mabel F., a graduate of and later a 
teacher in the Holten High School ; 
Mary L, also a graduate ; A. Harris, a 
pupil in the same school ; and Leon B., 
who enters this year. 

Colcoid-Richardson Co. 

The Colcord- Richardson Company is 
one of the latest additions to the business 
enterprises of Danvers and was organized 
in April, 1899, and acquired by purchase 
the entire business of Newhall & Colcord. 
They have added machine tools until 
they now hive a complete machine shop 
and are prepared to do general machin- 
ists' work. A machine shop centrally 
located wi'l be a decided benefit to the 
manufacturing interests of the town. 

The stockholders are well known busi- 
ness men, organized under Massachu- 
setts laws with the following officers : 
President, Arthur S. Richardson, who for 
the past eleven years has held the posi- 
tion at the Danvers Insane Hospital of 
chief engineer. He is a native of ReacL 
ing, Mass., and has had a varied and 
extensive experience in mechanical af- 
fairs. Treasurer Charles Newhall is an 
old and much respected resident of 
D-invers and has been intimately con- 
nected with the express business for 
years. He is a prominent member of 

Ward Post 90 and is a Past Master of 
Mosaic Lodge of Masons. Secretary 
Ernest S. Richardson, after pursuing a 
course of studies m the mechanical de- 
partment of Tufts College, was engineer 
of the Pumping Station at Foxboro, Mass., 
for two years and has had considerable 
practical experience in mechanical mat- 
ters. Manager John H. Colcord has 
been connected with the agricultural im- 
plement and seed business since 1883 
and his an extensive ac(|uaintance and 
many friends among the farmers of Essex 
County. For the last ten years he has 
paid particular attention to developing 
the implement repair department until it 
has become an important part of the 

Most of the wind mills in this vicinity 
have been laid out and erected under 
his supervision, and as a member of the 
firm of Newhall & Colcord, he gave the 
heating business very thorough study and 
his ability in this line is evidenced by the 
many steam and hot water systems in 
successful operation that were installed 
by them, among which can be mentioned 
the heating by hot water of the Nurses' 
Home at the Danvers Insane Hospital. 
Mr. Colcord is possessed of mechanical 
ingenuity and versatility which well fits 
him for his position. 

The office of the company is in New- 
hall's hardware store, 20 Maple street, 
with the machine shop and store houses 
in the rear, fronting on Cottage avenue. 
They carry a large stock of farm imple- 
ments, seeds, farm supplies and repairs, 
the latter being very complete, compris- 
ing parts for most of the implements and 
machines used in this vicinity. They also 
carry a complete stock of Jenkins Bros, 
globe, gate and check valves, water glasses, 
etc., and are prepared to furnish at short 
notice steam supplies of all kinds. 

A specialty will be made of high pres- 
sure steam fitting, heating by steam and 
hot water, they having the agency for 
the well known " Winchester " heater, 
which never fails to give entire satisfac- 
tion when properly installed ; the per- 
sonnel of the company makes them the 
leaders in these particular lines. 

Water sui)])ly by steam and wind 





power will receive careful altenlion, they 
having the agency for the Aermotov, " the 
wheel that runs when all others stand 
still." Fencing with woven steel wire 
and steel posts, both field and ornamen- 
tal for lawns and division lines, will be 
handled and erected by contract. 

The trade of the company covers a 
larger part of Essex County and brings in 
more outside trade than anv other busi- 

in 1S47, when Moses Putnam was 
chosen. He resigned in 1S56, and was 
succeeded by Daniel Richards. The 
present president, G. A. Tapley, was 
elected in 1886, having been a director 
for twenty-four years. Samuel B. Hut- 
trick was the first cashier, continuing in 
office until 1841, when William L. Wes- 
ton was appointed. Mr. Weston was suc- 
ceeded, in 1884, after serving 43 years, 


ness in Danvers, and in this respect is a 
decided acquisition to the l)usiness inter- 
ests in general. 

First National Bank. 

This time-honored institution was 
originally organized in Ajnil, 1836, with 
a capital of 5 1 20,000. Elias Putnam was 
the first president, serving until his death 

by the jjresent cashier, B. K. Newhall. 
In 1853 the capital .of the bank was 
increased $40,000, and again in 1S54, 
$40,000, making it $200,000, but in 
consequence of losses incurred in the 
Southern States, occasioned by the war, 
the ca])ital was reduced to $150,000 in 
1862. The bank was reorganized in 
1864, and became the First National 
Bank of Danvers, its capital remaining at 







Treasurer I lanvers Savings liank. 

$150,000. It is the sole fiduciary trust 
of the town and from its inception has 
been carefully and conservatively con- 
ducted. That this l)ank has passed cred- 
i t a b 1 y 
every fi- 
na n c i a 1 
crisis and 
s tringen- 
cy of the 
m o n e y 
that has 
over the 
coun t r y 
s i X t \' - 
t h r e e 
wit ho u t 
its man- 
a gement 
or condi- 



Cashier First National Bank. 

tion being questioned in the slightest de- 
gree, is sufficient evidence, without fur- 
ther comment, of the institution's sub- 
stantial and stable position in the com- 

m u n i ty. 
Its influ- 
ence has 
been and 
CO n tin- 
ues to be 
of the 
m o s t 
h ealthful 
c o ntrib- 
u ting 
1 a r g e ly 
to the 
develop - 
inent of 
t u r e s , 
c o m - 
m e r (■ e 
and pub- 



lie improvement, as well as aiding private 
enterprise of a proper and substantial 

The bank trans- 
acts a regular 
banking luisiness 
in all its branches, 
receiving deposits, 
making loans an 1 
discounts on ap 
proved collateral 
and leg i t i m a t e 
commercial paper, 
issuing drafts cii 
the principal com- 
mercial centres oi 
the country and 
making collections 
at all points. The 
bank invites ac- 
counts of business 
men, capitalist ^ 
and individuals 
generally, offering 
superior modern 
facilities for the 
transaction of bus- 
iness and affording 
liberal treatmeni 
to all customers. 
The stability of the 
bank may be gath- 
ered from the fact that its capital stock 
jaid in is $150,000; surplus fund and 
undivide d 
$ 3 7,000 : 
d e p osits, 

T h e 
bank occu 
pies hand- 
somely fit- 
ted and 
appointe d 
rooms in 
its own 
t h r e e - 
story brick 
bu i 1 ding, 
erected in 
1854, and 


* m». M 

^'^W .^^^^ 


President l''irst National Hank. 

large fire and burglar-pioof vault of the 
most modern construction, containing 
deposit boxes for 
rent and storage 
of valuables, in- 
sures the safe 
keeping of its 
money and secur- 
ities, and every 
modern conven- 
ience has been 
provided for the 
benefit of its cus- 
tomers. This in- 
stitution has al- 
ways been ably 
officered and in- 
telligently man- 
aged, and its di- 
rectorate includes 
men of the high- 
est standing and 
integrity in indus- 
trial and commer- 
cial circles. The 
present board is 
as follows : Presi- 
dent, G. A. Tap- 
ley ; Cashier, B. 
E. Newhall; Di- 
rectors, G. A. 
Tapley, W. M. 
C. H. Gould, Ira 

Currier, R. K. Sears, 
P. Pope. 






T h e 
f) a n V e r s 
.S a \- i n g s 
]}ank was 
charte red 
in 1850, 
and com- 
m e n c e d 
bu s i n e s s 
on the first 
of April of 
the same 
year. Gil- 

centrally located on Maple street. A bert Tapley wa^ the first president and 



President I >aiiverb Savings Bunk. 

William L. W'^eston was chosen treasurer. 
Rufus Putnam was chosen president in 
April, 1859, in place of (iilbert Tapley, 
resigned. At the death of Rufus Putnam 
in 1875, 
Israel H. 
Put na m 
w a s 
Janu a r y 
12, 1876, 
c o ntinn- 
i n g so 
A])ril 29, 
I 8 S 4 , 
when the 
pres e n t 
Hon. Au- 
g u s t u s 
M u d ge, 


Director First liank and Trustee Savings Bank. 

chosen. The growth of the bank during 
its almost half-century of existence has 
been steady and marked. In 1855, the 
deposits amounted to $150,000; in 1865, 

$ 3 5 o,- 
000 ; in 
$ 1,06 t,- 
000, the 
p r esent 
(1 epos its 
1) e i n g 
V e r a 
ni i 1 lion 
a n d a 
h a 1 f— 
a ctually 
o 4 8.80. 
T h e 
bank 's 
o ffi c e s 
are loca- 
t e d in 
t h e 




absolute security for their capital 
which the high standing and finan- 
cial soundness of the bank provides. 
The officers are carefully chosen 
for capacity and character, and 
comprise such well known citizens 
as President, Hon. Augustus Mudge ; 
Treasurer, A. Frank Welch ; Secre- 
tary, C. P. Hale ; and a Financial 
Committee of five members : — I. P. 
Pope, C. H. Gould, J. Frank Por- 
ter, Dr. C. H. White, and C. H. 
Preston. Under the able and con- 
servative management of these gen- 
tlemen the affairs of the bank are 
managed in such a manner as to 
meet the requirements of the most 
conservative of our townspeople, 
a fact its well established business 
confirms, and there is every reason 
to predict for this institution a fu- 
ture of even greater usefulness 
and prosperity than have marked 
its past which shows a remarkable 
record of success in its chosen line 
of business. 

Director First National Hank. 

Bank Building, erected by the First National 
Bank of Danvers in 1854, with which in- 
stitution it shares half the ground floor and 
has every desirable facility at hand for the 
safe keeping of funds and the expeditious 
transaction of business. 

The Danvers Savings Bank has been 
an important factor in connection with the 
material prosperity and growth of the town 
during the last half century. Receiving, as 
it does for deposit, the savings of wage- 
earners and paying interest thereon, it is 
instrumental in a large measure in inculcat- 
ing and cultivating in that class of ])eople 
who constitute a large proportion of our 
citizens a disposition to save a part of their 
earnings and thus provide for any con- 
tingency that may arise. The policy of the 
bmk is to encourage savings and the ben- 
efit accruing to depositors under the ex- 
cellent laws of this state, more especially to 
the working classes, among whom it en- 
courages thrift, cannot be over-estimated. 
The number of depositors is now 4,162, 
and these are in receipt of a substantial 
rate of interest on their savings with the 

Director l-'irst National Bank. 



Director National Hank and Trustee Savings Hank. 

Trustee Savings Bank. 

Trustee Savings Bank. 

0. H. WHITE, D D. S., 
Trustee Savings I'.ank. 




C. H. White, D. D. S. 

of the Danvers 
Savings Bank in 
January, 1 891, and 
elected one of the 
Finance Commit- 
tee in January, 
1897. Although 
of a reserved and 
retiring disposition 
he has always been 
closely identified 
with every enter- 
prise which had 
for its object the 
advancement of 
the interests of the 
town, and both so- 
cially and profes- 
sionally he is much 
esteemed by his 
fellow citizens and 

a large circle of friends. 

Dr. C. H. White, whose portrait ap- 
pears in the article on the Danvers banks, 
was born in Bristol, N. H., in 1854, to 
which town his parents had emigrated 
from Massachusetts. He received his 
early education at the public schools, and 
at the New Hampton Literary Institute, 
commencing the study of his profession 
at VVakefielii in 187 1. Subsequently he 
took a course of study in the Dentistry 
Department of 
Harvard Col 
lege, in 1873-4. 
Dr. White gradu 
ated from th' 
Boston Dental 
College in 1876. 
receiving the de- 
gree of D. D. S. 
Two years later he 
began practice in 
Danvers, where ht- 
has built up an ex- 
cellent reputation 
as an expert in his 
profession and has 
established a large 
and in c r e a s i n g 
practice. He was 
elected to the 
Board of Trustees 

Danvers Women's Association, 

The Danvers Women's Association was 
formed April, 1882. A preliminary meet- 
ing was held at the house of Miss Anne 
L. Page, and a week later, on April 25th, 
the first regular meeting was held with 
Miss Lizzie AL Shepard (Temple) ; offi- 
cers were elected and by-laws made, and 
the name of the society chosen. The 




officers were Mrs. Harriet L. Wentworth, 
president ; Mrs. Sarah E. Fiske and Miss 
Anne L. Page, vice-presidents ; Miss 
Eliza O. Putnam (Heaton), secretary; 
Mrs. Venila A. Burrington, treasurer ; 
the directors were Mrs. Ellen M. Spof- 
ford, Mrs. Clara French, Mrs. Mary S. 
Andrews, Miss Jennie Horswell, Miss 
Ellen M. Putnam (Gould), Miss Annie 
M. Wentworth, Mrs. Susan B. Sanger, 
Miss Lizzie M. Shepard (Temple). 

The objects for which it was formed 
were " the consideration of matters of 
common interest, general improvement 
and social enjoyment." Seventy- five 

nearly that number. So successful has it 
proved that its influence has been felt 
throughout the town, and the women of 
Danvers have had the privilege of listen- 
ing to many prominent lecturers of the 
day. It has also shown a i)hilanthropic 
spirit and an interest in education in va- 
rious ways, such as paying for the tuition 
of a colored ward at Hampton for several 
years : by the support of a free kindergar- 
ten in one of the public schools ; at one 
time taking children for a " Country 
Week;" by offering prizes for the four 
best English essays written by members 
of the Holten High School. It gave its 


women were enrolled as members. Ihe 
meetings were held every fortnight on 
Tuesday afternoons, at private houses for 
the first few months, and after November 
until Jan., 18S4, at Cirand Army Hall. 
Then lOoms were taken in the Ropes 
building, when these became crowded, a 
mo\e was made to the new post office 
building in 1886. Later, when more 
room was needed, Essex hall was secured ; 
the Universalist vestry being hired for 
the "social teas," when gentlemen guests 
are invitetl. The membership has grad- 
ually increased until it includes two hun- 
dred names, and there is a waiting list of 

support to the Volunteer Aid xAssocia- 
tion, by sending supplies for the Hospital 
Ship. The first president, Mrs. H. L. 
Wentworth, resigned in 18S9, and was 
made honorary president ; she was suc- 
ceeded by Mrs. Ellen M. Spofford, and in 
1S91 by Mrs. Evelyn F. Masury, and in 
1S96 by Miss Sarah E. Hunt (for three 
years). The original by-laws have been 
embodied in a constitution with a few ad- 
ditions and alterations. About seventeen 
meetings are held each year. Its motto 
is "Vivimus et Consideiamus ;" the club 
flower is the violet, and the club color, 
lavender. The association joined the 



General Federation Women's Clubs in 
1 89 1, and the State Federation Women's 
Clubs in 1893. The present officers are 
Miss Mary W. Nichols, pres. ; Mrs. Isadora 
E. Kenney, first vice pres, ; Mrs. Eliza M. 
Shepard, second vice pres. ; Mrs. Lucy A. 
Everett, rec. sec. ; Miss Isabel B. Tapley, 
cor. sec. ; Mrs. Ella J. Porter, treas. ; Mrs. 
Bessie Putnam, auditor ; directors for one 
year, Mrs. H. Elizabeth Couch, Mrs. 
Sarah A. Kimball, Mrs. Nancy A. Perley, 
Mrs. Henrietta Hyde Rice ; for two years, 
Mrs. Annie V. D. Adams, Mrs. Mary F. 
Bragdon, Mrs. Clara T. Spofford, Mrs, 
Cora B. Stimpson. 

Rev. Alfred P. Putnam, D.D. 

Alfred Porter Putnam, son of Elias and 
Eunice (Ross) Putnam, was born near 
Topsfield in Putnamville, Danvers, Jan. 
10, 1827. Sjme facts pertaining to his an- 
cestry are indicated in the sketch of his 
brother. Judge A. A. Putnam, given on 
another page. He passed his boyhood 
at the l)ea. Edmund Putnam house, two 
miles further south, whither the family 
moved in 1832. At the age of sixteen 
he served as clerk in the Village Bank of 
Danvers, of which institution his father 
was president, and at a later period as 
bookkeeper in the mercantile house of 
Allen and Minot of Boston. Having ob- 
tained his preparatory education at pub- 
lic schools in Danvers and at various 
New England academies, he entered 
Dartmouth College in the fall of 1849. 
After a year at this institution, he left to 
join the Sophomore class of Brown Uni- 
versity, being drawn thither by President 
Wayland's more liberal and elective sys- 
tem. Among the honors which came to 
him during his college career was that of 
being selected to deliver the closing 
piece at his Junior Class Spring Exhibi- 
tion in rhetoric au'l oratory. In the 
same year he was graduated, after passing 
the required examination, thus obtaining 
his A.B. after three years of college study. 

Previous to this time Mr. Putnam had 
had considerable experience as a school- 
teacher at Danvers Plains and in Wen- 
ham, and now, in the summer of 1853, 
after leaving college, he started a private 

school in the latter town, carrying on this 
work until he was admitted in the follow- 
ing winter to Harvard Divinity school, 
from which he was graduated with his 
class in 1855. Some months before, he 
had been approbated to preach by the 
Boston Association of Unitarian Minis- 
ters and had subsequently occupied vari- 
ous pulpits. When he left the Divinity 
school he had received unanimous calls 
from churches in Watertown, South 
Bridgewater, Sterling and Roxbury. He 
accepted the call from Roxbury and was 
ordained on Dec. 19, 1855, as pastor of 
the Mount Pleasant (now x'\ll Souls) 
church. On the loth of the following 
month he was married to Louise Proctor, 
daughter of Samuel and Lydia Waters 
(Proctor) Preston of Danvers, 

Mr. Putnam continued his successful 
and happy pastorate in Roxbury for 
eight or nine years, and during this time 
he served several years upon the School 
Committee, was made a member of the 
Roxbury Club, was elected president of 
the LTnitarian Sunday School Society, and 
hi^ church built for itself a chapel for 
Sunday School and other purposes. He 
also received calls from churches in Bos- 
ton, Chicago and Salem. All of these, 
however, he declined. On the 12th of 
June, i860, Mrs. Putnam, who had 
greatly endeared herself to the people of 
his church, died, deeply lamented by a 
wide circle of relatives and friends. 

At this period of his life, Mr. Putnam, 
feeling the need of a complete change of 
scene, planned for an extended trip 
abroad, but in view of the uncertainty of 
national affairs and the intense excite- 
ment at home, and finally the outbreak 
of the rebellion, he decided to postpone 
his journey. For years he had been iden- 
tified, as a Free Soiler, with the anti- 
slavery movement. He had been a del- 
egate from Danvers to the first great 
Republican Convention at Worcester in 
1852 ; had preached anti-slavery fro:n 
his pulpit and had spoken for it before po- 
litical assemblies. His intense patriot- 
ism and love of liberty made him an elo- 
(juent and ardent champion of the cause 
of the Union and Freedom, and under 
the circumstances prevailing, he felt that 



he could not leave his native land. 
In the spring of 1862, however, when 
the aspect of things at home seemed 
much brighter and it was generally be- 
lieved that the war would soon be over, 
Mr. Putnam with his classmate, the late 
Rev. Frederick Frothingham, started on 
their foreign trip. During his long ab- 
sence of fifteen or sixteen months, he 
travelled through England, Scotland and 
Ireland, Switzerland, France, Ciermany, 
Italy, Greece, and other European coun- 
tries, ascended the Nile a thousand miles, 
crossed the Arabian Desert by caravan, 
and journeying by way of Mt. Sinai, 
Petra and Mt. Hor, came into Southern 
Judea and Jerusalem. Afterwards, cruis- 
ing among the islands of the Eastern 
Mediterranean, he visited Smyrna and 
Ephesus and finally Constantinople. 
Everywhere he sought the principal cities 
and places of interest, storing his mind 
with an inexhaustible fund of historical 
lore which has served to strengthen and 
enrich all that he has since written on 
historical and archaeological subjects. 
On the 4 th of July, 1S62, when in Lon- 
don, Mr. Putnam attended the American 
Dinner and responded to the toast of 
"The Constitution of the United States." 
At a time when, just after unexpected 
reverses, the outlook for the cause of the 
North was very dark and discouragement 
among its sympathizers w>.s widespread, 
he, by his eloquence and unswerving 
faith in the ultimate triumph of the right, 
aroused his audience to renewed confi- 
dence and to the highest pitch of en- 

In 1864, sometime after his return to 
America, Mr. Putnam was called to the 
large and influential Fir.-,t Unitarian 
Church (I'he Church of the Saviour), of 
Brooklyn, N. Y. This call he accepted 
and was installed as pastor on Sept. 28, 
of the same year. 

Dr. Putnam needed not to be in Brook- 
lyn long before he became a power in the 
city as he was in the church. Through- 
out his long and remarkably successful 
pastorate in Brooklyn, no goo i cause 
ever ai)])ealed to him in vain ; no philan- 
thropic or other beneficent enterprise ever 
sought aid from him or his generous peo- 

ple without receiving their earnest sup- 
port and co-operation. 

Perhaps the most noteworthy of the 
many benevolent works which Dr. Put- 
nam wrought when in Brooklyn was the 
extending of the influence of his church 
to the poorer classes of the great city and 
founding in their midst a mission school. 
The first session of this mission was held 
over the Wall street ferryhouse and was 
attended by only six children, but in a 
comparatively short space of time it came 
to number over two hundred. By gen- 
erous subscriptions from Dr. Putnam's 
parishioners a handsome and commodious 
chapel was erected, which stands today, 
in one of Brooklyn's tenement house dis- 
tricts, a still thriving mission with a min- 
ister of its own, and a noljle monument to 
the energy and zeal of the founder and 
his friends. At the suggestion and through 
the lead of Dr. Putnam a third and now 
flourishing Unitarian church was estab- 
lished in Brooklyn, his own parishioners 
contributing ten thousand dollars for a 
house of worship ; and during his minis- 
try a beautiful chapel was also built for 
the use of his own Sunday School, mainly 
through the munificence of the late Mr. 
E. H. R. Lyman. 

The Union for Christian Work, a non- 
sectarian institution, the aim of which is 
to assist the more needy of all classes, 
albO owes its origin and growth largely to 
Dr. Putnam. It now has a fine, suitable 
building of its own, containing a library, 
and reading and lecture rooms. With 
these and its labor bureau and schools of 
industrial art, it still remains one of 
Brooklyn's foremost charities. Of this 
institution Mr. Putnam was a director as 
long as he continued to live in Brooklyn. 

At the time of the disastrous fire in the 
Brooklyn theatre in 1876, which resulted 
in terrible loss of life and untold distress 
to hundreds of jjersons. Dr. Putnam's ser- 
vices were pronij^tly given. He was 
chosen to deliver the address at the burial 
of the numerous unrecognized dead in 
one common grave at Greenwood Ceme- 
tery. A relief association was formed by 
the citizens to care for the surviving suf- 
ferers, and from this was chosen an exec- 
utive committee of five. Dr. Putnam 



was appointed a member of this commit- 
tee to represent the churches and chari- 
ties of the city, and upon him largely de- 
volved the duty of distributing, by small 
checks and for two years, the fifty thous- 
and dollars which had been raised for the 
families of those who had perished. That 
the work was done with remarkable wis- 
dom and fidelity was attested to by all, 
and when the final report, which Dr. Put- 
nam had been selected to write, was 
handed in and published, all the papers 
in the city were unanimous in their praise. 

In 1880, the one hundredth anniver- 
sarv of the birth of \Villiam Ellery Chan- 
ning, Dr. Putnam conceived the idea of 
celebrating the occasion in an appropriate 
manner in the city of Brooklyn. Crowded 
meetings were held in his church and at 
the Academy of Music. Among the 
speakers at the latter place were Henry 
VVard Beecher and (ieorge William Cur- 
tis, A. A. Low presiding. All denomina- 
tions were represented largely at the gath- 
erings and many of their distinguished 
ministers, orthodox and liberal, made im- 
pressive and accordant addresses, Dr. 
Putnam managing the whole affair and 
afterwards publishing in book form an ac- 
count of the proceedings, with letters of 
sympathy and cheer from various parts of 
the world. 

During all the busy years in Brooklyn, 
in spite of the multifarious duties and 
cares in his church and outside, he still 
found time to do much in the line of lec- 
ture writing, contributions to the papers 
and magazines, and other literary work. 
His travels abroad had suggested to him 
numerous subjects for lectures, which 
separately or in courses he gave to his 
own ])eople and some of which he de- 
livered at the Meadville (Pa.) Theological 
School and before literary or historical 
societies, on Egypt, Sinai and Palestine, 
Hebrew History and the History of the 
Bible, the History of Sacred Song from 
earliest Hebrew Tmies, the Great Ethnic 
Religions, etc. The course on Sacred 
Song led to the preparation and ])ublica- 
tion, in 1874, of his "Singers and Songs 
of the Liberal Faith," a book of about 
550 pages, which contains biographical 
sketches of seventy-two American Unita- 

rian hymn-writers, with selections from 
the best hymns and sacred poems of each 
and illustrative notes. This work won 
the highest words of praise from the 
press and from critics and reviewers of 
whatever sect. The late and learned Dr. 
Ezra Abbot, in writing of it, said : " It 
seems to me in every respect admirably 
edited. I find unexpected richness every 
time I open it." 

During these years he was for a long 
time Corresponding Secretary of the 
Brooklyn New England Society, and a Di- 
rector of the Long Island Historical So- 
ciety, being also for three years chairman 
of the Executive Committee of the latter 
and writing its annual published reports. 

In 1882, Dr. Putnam's strong consti- 
tution began to show the effects of the 
great strain to which he had subjected it 
for so many years, and he f jund it im- 
peratively necessary to rest for a while 
from his arduous labors. His parish, 
with their usual bountiful generosity, 
voted him a year's leave of absence, at 
the same time offering to continue his 
salary, to supply his pulpit in his absence, 
and to furnish him with a liberal sum with 
which to travel abroad. 

Removing his family to Concord, Mass., 
the birthplace of his wife's father and 
home of her ancestors, he set sail for Liv- 
erpool on Jan. 10, 1883. 

After a delightful winter in the south 
of France, along the Riviera, he returned 
to England in May, hoping and believing 
that all his former buoyancy of spirits and 
strength of body had been restored and 
looking forward to years of active service 
at his old post. While in London, dur- 
ing the anniversaries, he delivered, before 
the Unitarian ministers assembled from 
far and near, an address on the "Aspects 
of Unitarianism in America," which he 
had previously been invited to give. 
On this occasion, as always, Dr. Putnam 
took a firm stand for positive Christian 
Unitarianism, as agamst the radical ten- 
dencies of the body. This addre-s gave 
rise to a great deal of criticism and re- 
mark in the papers, both favorable and 
adverse, on both sides of the Atlantic, 
himself joining earnestly in the discussion. 

Having visited Scrooby, the last home 



of the Pilgrims in England, the Lake 
region and Belfast, Ireland, Dr. Putnam 
returned to America in July and in the fall 
plunged again into his accustomed labors 
in Brooklyn, but after several years more, 
and at the end of a twenty-two years' 
pastorate, he found he could no longer 
work as he had once been able to 
do, and that it remained for him to retire 
from his post and seek the recovery of 
his health, now seriously impairel. His 
society accepted his resignation with ex- 
pressions of deepest regret, presenting 
him with a splendid token of their appre- 
ciation of his faithful service and of their 
love and admiration for him, while the 
local and other papers and the various 
institutions with which he had been con- 
nected paid fitting tributes to his work 
and worth as a minister and a citizen. 
In the fall of 1886 he again removed 
with his family to Concord, Mass., there 
to seek complete change and rest. But 
the mind which for many years had been 
so active could never really rest ; the will 
which through a lifetime had been used 
to organize and control could not remain 
idle. During these years of comparative 
quiet, he preached in m my pulpits, wrote 
many lectures on his favorite subjects, 
Bible history, sacred song and archaeolog- 
ical discoveries, and delivered courses 
before the Meadville (Pa.) Theological 
School and Tufts College, and separate 
lectures before literary or historical so- 

In i8Sg, he established in his native 
town of Danvers a historical society. He 
was elected to the presidency and has 
held the position ever since. Through 
his untiring zeal and labor, with the aid of 
a faithful band of workers, he has built 
the society up until it is now large and 
prosperous, occupying four rooms and 
having a most instructive and valuable 
collection of pictures and articles of 
historical interest, together with a prom- 
ising library and successful courses of 

Several years ago Dr. Putnam moved 
to Danvers, where he lived for a brief 
time, finally settling hi Salem, his jjresent 
home. Since leaving: Brooklvn he has 

spoken at many patriotic and other meet- 
ings and has continued his articles of 
local history in the Danvers Mirror, be- 
gun some twenty-five years ago and now 
numbering about one hundred. In 1893 
he edited "Old Anti-Slavery Days," an 
account of the Danvers Historical So- 
ciety celel)ration of the iMiiancipation 
movement, with the editor's historical in- 
troduction and biographical sketches. 
Among his thirty or forty pamphlet pub- 
lications may be mentioned " Edward 
Everett," ** The Freedom and Largeness 
of the Christian Faith," " L^nitarianism 
in Brooklyn," historical ; " The Unitarian 
Denomination, Past and Present," 
" Broken Pillars," a sermon for the times ; 
" Christianity, the Law of the Land,' 
"William Lloyd Garrison," "The 
Whole Family of God," Biograph- 
ical Memorials of Mrs. Josiah O. Low 
and Mr. Ethelbert M. Low, and also of 
Mr. and Mrs. Ephraim Buttrick, with 
" A Sketch of Gen. Israel Putnam," orig- 
inally published in the History of the 
Putnam Family, " A >Ioble Life," a 
memorial discourse on Abiel Abbot Low, 
" Rebecca Nurse and her Forty Friends," 
" The Military Descendants of John 
Porter," and " A Unitarian Oberlin," 
being a full sketch of the life and labors 
of Rev. jasper L. Douthit of Shelbyville, 

Among his biographical sketches in 
various books are a chapter in Judge 
Neilson's Memorial volume on Rufus 
Choate, and more or less extended ac- 
counts of A. A. Low, Hon. Elias Putnam 
and Gen. Grenville M. Dodge in the 
History of Essex County. 

Of articles contributed to various mag- 
azines are " Hosea Ballou," " A Visit to 
Haworth " (home of Charlotte Bronte), 
" Origin of Hymns," " Helen Maria Wil- 
liams " (in three numbers) ; " A Story of 
some French Liberal Protestants," (in 
two numbers) ; "Paul a witness to Chris- 
tianitv," and " Wenham Lake" (in three 
numl)ers and illustrated). 

The subjects of some of Dr. Putnam's 
lectures before literary antl historical so- 
cieties are " The Land of the Pharaohs," 
"The Old Anti-Slavery Guard," "Gen- 



eral Moses Porter," " The Battle of Bun- 
ker Hill," " Scrooby," and " Famous 
Persons I have heard or seen at home and 

Of the various societies of which he 
has been a member, besides those already 
mentioned, are the New England Histor- 
ical and Genealogical Society of Boston, 
the American Historical Association, the 
Brooklyn Art Association, the Massachu- 
setts Sons of the American Revolution, 
the Old Salem Chapter of the S. A. R., 
the Century Club of New York and the 
Hamilton Club of Brooklyn, and the Vic- 
toria Institute of London, F2ngland. But 
from several of these he has withdrawn. 
He is a life member of the American 
Unitarian Association and of the Long 
Island Historical Society. He is also an 
honorary member of the Lexington and 
Peabody Historical Societies, and of 
the New England Society of Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

Dr. Putnam received his degree of 
D.D. from Brown University in 1871. In 
politics he was a Republican until the 
presidential election of 1884, but since 
that time has preferred to call himself an 
Independent. In writing of him as a 
preacher, J. Alexander Patten, in his 
work, " Lives of the Clergy of New York 
and Brooklyn," says : 

"Dr. Putnam preaches with much effec- 
tiveness. There is great comprehension 
in his thought and he is able to give ex- 
pression to it in terms of rare conciseness 
and not less of beauty. All that he says 
has this vigor of meaning and force of 
application, and much of it is delivered 
in ihe most classic and glowing picturings 
of eloquence. In his argument he ad- 
dresses himself to an elaborate practical 
consideration of his subject and you are 
led along with him, without tediousness, 
but rather allured by the attractive inter- 
weavings of a warm and chaste fancy. 
And herein is it that this gifted preacher 
excels. Your attention is instantly riveted 
by the smoothness of his periods and the 
elegance of sentiment which usher you to 
profound discussion and lofty imagery. 
He belongs to the Channing School of 
Unitarianism. Holding to his particular 

tenets with all the strength of his intellect 
and his love, he stands prominent among 
their ablest expounders, and in a pure, 
consistent life seeks their practical illus- 
tration before his fellow men." 

Dr. Putnam married for his second 
wife, Dec. 27, 1865, Miss Eliza King 
Buttrick of Cambridge, daughter of 
Ephraim Buttrick, a native of Concord, 
Mass., and long a prominent and honored 
member of the Middlesex Bar. Mrs. 
Buttrick, her mother, was Mary King, 
daughter of Samuel and Mary (Green- 
wood) King, also of Cambridge. Dr. 
and Mrs. Putnam's five children are all 
living : Endicott Greenwood, Alfred 
Whitwell, Helen Langley (Mrs. James 
Kingsley Blake), Ralph Buttrick and 
Margaret Ross. 

Note. A fine portrait of Dr. Putnam may be found on 
page ">(, in connection with the account of the Danvers 
Historical Society. 

Peabody Institute. 

At the centennial celebration of the old 
town of Danvers, June 16, 1852, George 
Peabody, a wealthy London banker, gave 
the town $20,000 for the purpose of 
erecting a building and maintaining a li- 
brary. In order to extend the privileges 
arising from this gift more ecpially to the 
various parts of the town, Mr. Peabody, 
in Dec, 1856, established a branch li- 
brary at the Plains, to which he contrib- 
uted $10,000. Subsequently he made 
two donations of books to the library 
amounting to 2,000 volumes. The first 
delivery of books occurred Sept. 5, 1857. 
The library then contained 2,360 volumes. 
After an absence in England, Mr. Pea- 
body, in 1 866, returned to this country, 
and was pleased to found another insti- 
tute in the present town of Danvers — the 
old town, during his absence, having been 
divided, and the southern portion in 
which he was born having taken his name 
— by an additional appropriation, suffi- 
cient to support the library, an annual 
course of lectures and construct an edi- 
fice adapted to the accomplishment of 
these ol)jects. Mr. Peabody in a letter 
from Oakland, Md., under date of Oct. 





30, 1866, addressed to the following gen- 
tlemen : Rev. Milton P. Braman, Joshua 
Silvester, Francis Peabody, Jr., Samuel P. 
Fowler, Daniel Richards, Israel W. An- 
drews, Jacob E. Perry, Charles P. Pres- 
ton, and Israel H. Putn im, all of Dan- 
vers, constituted the above nine persons 
his trustees for life, conveying to them in 
trust for the town the sum of $40,000 to 
be added with $10,000 already given, 
under certain special conditions. After 
an absence of three years he again vis- 
ited his native land, when an invitation 
was extended to him to witness the for- 
mal opening of the Institute Building in 
Dan vers. The day designated was July 
14, 1869, and Mr. Peabody, although in 
feeble health, was present. Rev. James 
Fletcher made an appro])riate address 
upon the occasion and Mr. Peabody, in 
replying, expressed his approbation of 
the doings of the trustees and consum- 
mated his benevolence to Danvers by 
the pledge of $45,000 in addition to 
$55,000 which had been given by prev- 
ious donations. A reception by the 
school children of Danvers was given 
Mr. Peabody at the Universalist church 
April 13, 1867. Rev. Dr. Milton P. 
Braman delivered an address of welcome 
to Mr. Peabody. On behalf of the 
medal scholars, addresses were delivered 
and Mr. Peabody assured all present that 
he would make the $200 provided an- 
nually for medals perpetual. Mr. Pea- 
body died in London, Nov. 4, 1869. 
At a meeting of the citizens of Danvers 
on Nov. 15, 1869, resolutions were passed 
expressive of their sorrow and profound 
sense of loss at the death of their cher- 
ished benefactor, George Peabody. The 
evening of Feb. 15, 1870 was appointed 
for memorial services upon his death in 
Danvers. The rooms of the institute 
were ai)propriately draped and the eulogy 
was delivered by Rev. James Fletcher. 
The original building was in the Gothic 
style of architecture and was destroyed 
by fire in 1890. 'l"he present building is 
in the old colonial style of architecture 
and presents a most pleasing and sub- 
stantial appearance. It was dedicated 
with ap])ropriate exercises Oct. 19, 1892, 
and contains a stack room, deliverv 

room, general reading room, children's 
room, and a librarian's and trustees' room, 
all on the first floor. The second floor 
is devoted to a spacious and elegantly 
appointed lecture room with a seating 
capacity of about 900. In the winter 
season a course of lectures is delivered 
on popular subjects, the expense being 
met by a special fund created by Mr. 
Peabody. The library contains 18,370 
volumes and there are 2,410 borrowers. 
The various rooms are elegantly appointed 
and are eminently suitable for their sev- 
eral purposes. The reading loom con- 
tains a well executed full length portrait 
of Mr. Peabody. Nearly five acres of 
carefully laid out and well kept grounds 
surround the Institute, containing many 
rare plants, shrubs and trees intersected 
by avenues and paths, making a pleasant 
promenade for the townspeople. Under 
the present librarian, Mrs. Eniilie K. 
Patch, the library has been piogressive and 
modern methods have been introduced 
for the benefit of borrowers. Some of 
the changes made at her suggestion are 
the following: Every resilient of the 
town is allowed a card at the age of 
eight years and every borrower is entitled 
to a "Special Card" for non-ficlion. 
Books are sent to the schools every two 
weeks and lists of works upon topics be- 
ing studied are furnished the teachers, 
besides much assistance given to pupils at 
the library. Books are sent to the Dan- 
vers Hospital every week for attendants 
and such patients as may be recom- 
mended by the superintendent. Lists of 
new books are printed for free distribution 
every month. All new books and those 
upon current topics are displayed upon 
open shelves, from which borrowers may 
make selection. A children's room, con- 
taining books and magazines for those 
under fourteen years of age, has been 
opened. Borrowers are encouraged to 
leave at the desk titles of works to be 
added to the library, which are procured. 
Exhibitions of pictures have been given 
and the reference library has been en- 
larged and placed in the reading room 
for free consultation. The present trustees 
are G. Augustus Peabody, Francis Pea- 
bodv, Calvin Pytnam, Gilbert A. Tapley, 



Charles H. Preston, Wallace P. Hood, 
Lester S. Couch, John T. Carroll, Her- 
bert S. Tapley. All the furniture of 
reading room, including stationary and 
revolving bookcases and magazine rack, 
the furnishings of children's room and 
200 books, besides magazines, sets of 
valuable books to the main library and 
card catalogue case, are the gift of (i. 
A. Peabody of the trustees, one of the 
most public spirited men ever living 
in Danvers, his gift of the expensive and 
useful electric clock on the Town House 
also attesting his thoughtfulness and gen- 

Frank M. Spofford. 

Six clerks and three teams are kept busy, 
and the reputation of the establishment 
for reliable, standard goods, and honest, 
courteous treatment of patrons, is second 
to that of no other similar concern in 
town. Mr. Spofford is a member of the 
Maple street Congregational church, a 
Republican in politics, a Mason, an Odd 
Fellow, and a member of numerous other 
fraternal, insurance and social organiza- 
tions, in all of which he is deservedly 
popular. Mr. Spofford is a married 
man with a wife and two children, a boy 
and a girl, and a beautiful home on 
Cherry street. 

Public Park. 

Frank M. Spofford, proprietor of one A spacious, attractive and easily acces- 


of the largest grocery and provision stores 
in town, was born in Danvers in October, 
1854. He attended the public schools 
of the town and after graduating was for 
four years employed in a Peabody mo- 
rocco factory. He then entered the em- 
ploy of William M. Currier, grocer, at the 
corner of Maple and School streets, with 
whom he remained for thirteen years. 
In 1 886 he bought out Mr. Currier and 
has conducted the business ever since. 
Mr. Spofford is an energetic, up-to-date 
business man, and is constantly increas- 
ing his business, and his trade now ex- 
tends all over Danvers and portions of 
Beverly, Middleton and even beyond. 

sible public park is assured through the 
efforts of leading citizens and the Im- 
provement Society, a large tract of land 
having been secured from the Eben G. 
Berry estate, and the work of improving 
having already been begun. The land 
has a generous water front on Porter's 
river, and is susceptible to the numerous 
attractions common to a reservation of 
its character. It is conveniently located, 
and will prove one of the additions to 
the town's many advantages in the near 
future. The Improvement Society has 
raised nearly the amount necessary for 
its purchase by various public entertain- 



Gen. Israel Putnam Chapter, Dau2:h- 
tcrs of the American Revolution. 

During the month of March and the 
early part of April, 1S95, plans were made 
for the formation of a chapter of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution in 
Danvers, Mass., to be known as the Gen. 
Israel Putnam chapter. 

Mrs. Charles H. Masury was appointed 
Regent of the Chapter by the State Re- 
gent on April 19, 1895. A meeting of 
the charter members was held at the 
home of Mrs. Masury to formally organ- 
ize the chapter, the charter members be- 
ing Mrs. Evelyn F. Masury, Miss Harriet 
S. Tapley, Miss Clara P. Hale, Miss Bes- 
sie Putnam, Mrs. Elizabeth M. Burns, 
Mrs. Martha P. Perry, Mrs. Mary B. Put- 
nam, Miss Anne L. Page, Mrs. Ella J. 
Porter, Mrs. Isadora E. Kenney, Mrs. El- 
len M.' P. Gould, Mrs. Luella's. Tapley, 
Miss Caroline B. Faxon, Miss Jessie E. 
Bly, Miss May L. George, Miss Harriet 
P. Pope, Mrs. Henrietta J. Damon, Miss 
Susan W. Eaton, Miss Grace B. Faxon, 
Mrs. Isabella F. George. The following 
officers were appointed by the Regent : 
Vice Regent, Miss Caroline B. Faxon ; 
Registrar, Miss Harriet P. Pope ; Sec- 
retary, Miss Susan W. Eaton ; Treasurer, 
Miss Clara P. Hale ; Historian, Miss 
Harriet S. Tapley; Chaplain, Mrs. Ellen 
Putnam Gould. 

By-laws in accordance with the Na- 
tional Constitution were adopted May 23, 
1895. The Mayflower was chosen as 
the emblem of the chapter and Gen. 
Putnam's motto " He dared lead where 
any dared to follow " the motto of the 

The most noteworthy meetings of the 
chapter have been on May 7, 1895, when 
the chapter united with the D. W. A. in 
a reception at which the State Regent 
and chapter regents of the state were 
present, the chapter taking the guests for 
a drive about town and calling at historic 
homes. The Lindens, Oak Knoll and 
others. On June 17, 1895 at the Page 
House, the home of Miss Anne L. Page, 
Mr. Ezra D. Hines gave an account of 
the Tea Party held on the roof of the his- 
toric house. On each 4th of July since, 

the chapter has held patriotic exercises in 
the old house. Dr. A. P. Putnam having 
spoken on each occasion, while others 
have contributed music, reading and re- 
freshments. Oct. 19, 1895, the chapter 
assisted the Sons of the American Revo- 
lution in their visit to the town. On 
Dec. 12, 1895, Mrs. Masury tendered 
her resignation as Chapter Regent, hav- 
ing been elected State Regent of Mass., 
and Miss H. S. Tapley was appointed to 
the ollfice. On Jan. 7, 1896 the first 
public meeting was held in Essex Hall. 
Dr. A. P. Putnam delivered an address 
on (ien. Israel Putnam. On April 20, 
1896, Mrs. Ellen M. P. Guild was elected 
Regent of the Chapter. Mrs. Masury 
was elected Vice President General of 
the National Society at the Continental 
Congress, 1896. At the second annual 
meeting April 26, 1897, Mrs. Gould re- 
signed as Regent and Mrs. Masury was 
elected Regent. On Dec. 17, 1897, a 
bronze tablet was placed on the house in 
which Gen. Putnam was born. The tab- 
let was unveiled by the little girls. Misses 
Fanny and Alice Putnam. Dr. Putnam 
offered prayer and Mrs. Masury made 
brief remarks. In the afternoon in 
Town Hall there was a large gathering 
including representatives of local and 
neighboring patriotic societies, some com- 
ing from Putnam, Conn. The programme 
was as follows : — Prayer, Rev. E. C. 
Ewing ; Address of Welcome, Mrs. C. 
H. Masury ; Response, Mrs. T. M. Brown, 
State Regent ; Address, Mrs. Donald 
McLean, Regent N. V. City Chapter; 
xVddress, Rev. W. F. Livingston, Augusta, 
Me., great-great-great-grandson of Gen. 
Putnam ; Address, Rev. A. P. Putnam, 
Pres. Danvers Historical Society ; Ad- 
dress, Hon. R. S. Rantoul of Essex In- 
stitute, Salem ; Address, Rev. H. C. 
Adams, pastor First Church ; Address, 
Mr. B. W. Putnam; Benediction, Rev. 
W. H. Trickey, Pastor Universalist 

In Feb., 1898, Mr. William Maxwell 
Reed of Harvard University gave a most 
interesting address of the Gagenschine 
at Mrs. C. F. Kenney's. 

On April 19, 1899, a most interesting 
meetina: was held in Essex Hall, the nine- 


teenths of April in 
U. 3. History being 
spoken of as follows : 
— The 19th of 1 7 75- 
6, Hon. A. P. White. 
The 19th of 1861-5, 
A. A. P u t n a m. 
The 19th of 1S9S, 
Rev. A. P. Putnam, 
D. D. On this oc- 
casion the chapter 
was honored with the 
presence of Mrs. 
Tulia Ward Howe, 
who recited the Bat- 
tle Hymn of the Re- 
public and told the 
circumstances of its 
writing. Mr. C. F. 
Kenney and Rev. Ed- 
son Reifsnider sang 
the hymn. The social 
meetings of the 
chapter have been 
many and pleasant. 
Outings have been 
taken t o Concord 
and Lexington, 
Quincy, Hull,Byfield, c. n. 

Cambridge and Me- 

thuen. A class in American History has 
been one of the valuable features of the 
chapter. A quilt exhibit was held which 
was one 
o f the 
uniq u e 
and in- 
tere s t- 
ing af- 
held in 
t'o w n, 
b e i n g 
qu i 1 1 s 
ex h i fa- 
it e d . 

The chapter has in mind in the near 
future the placing of a tablet to Judge 


Holten in the Holten 
High School assem- 
bly room. Prizes 
have been offered for 
two years to the High 
School for the best 
essay on local his- 
tory. The Charles 
Warren Society, C. 
A. R., has been car- 
ried along by the 
chapter wi h Mrs. 
( "■ i 1 b e r t Kmerson, 
Miss Jessie Kemp 
a n d Miss Fanny 
Ceorge as presidents. 
The chapter works 
along the lines laid 
down in the Consti- 
tution o f the Na- 
tional Society, and is 
a part of the great 
whole, a society that 
numbers 2 9,000 
women all working 
for the best interests 
o f patriotism and 
good citizenship. 
?LEY. The chapter numbers 

sixty- four members, 
all the old families in town being rep- 
resented and its value as an educator, 
and the elevating character of its 

will be 
m ore 
a n d 
app re- 
ciat e d 
as time 
pass e s 
on. and 
t h e 
(i e n. 
P u t- 
n a m 
c h a p- 
ter, D. 
A. R., 
ues in the good work it has so auspicious- 
Iv becfun. 



Charles N. Perky. 

Mr. Parley belongs to a good old Dan- 
vers family and his forefathers hive li*"en 
for over half a 
century engaged 
in the business 
now so success- 
fully carried on 
by him at the old 
corner grocery. 
The house w a s 
established i n 
1 84 1 by A. P. and 
Nathan Perley, 
the partnershi]) 
being changed 
four years later to 
A. P. Perley and 
M. J. Currier. 
The present pro- 
prietor, Mr. C. N. 
Perley, succeeded 
to the business in 
1886. Mr. Per- 
ley was born here 
Feb. 12, 1 85 1, 
and after graduat- 
ing from the 
Holten High 
School com- 
menced his busi- 
ness career with 
his father, 
A. P. Per- 
ley. He 
owns the 
bull ding 
i n which 
the store 
is located 
a n d also 
the post- 
o ffi c e 
build i n g. 
Mr. Perley 
was ap- 
post ma s- 
t e r by 
Preside n t 
Cleveland in 1886-90, and was re-ap- 
pointed to the office by President Mc- 
Kinley in January, 1896. His incum- 


bency of the office has resulted in the in- 
stitution of many beneficial reforms, a 
very large increase in the amount of busi- 
ness transacted, and a general systematiz- 
ation of the 
entire depart- 
ment. He has 
been most persis- 
tent in his endeav- 
ors to have a free 
delivery of mail 
matter i n Dan- 
vers and has la- 
bored indefatiga- 
bly to bring the 
receipts of t h e 
office up to the 
limits required by 
the postal author- 
ities. Mr. Perley 
served as select- 
man in 1892. He 
is a member of 
Mosaic Lodge, 
the only order to 
which he belongs. 
All matters look- 
ing to t h e ad- 
vancement of the 
town and the 
betterment of ex- 
isting conditions 
with h i s 
hearty ap- 
p r o V a 1 
and he is 
upon b y 
all as a 
thorough - 
ly public- 
spi r i t e d 

Marston . 




Mr. Mar- 
— I ston is a 
native o f 
Par sons- 
Maine, where he was born in 1847. 
in life he learned the trade of a 

carpenter and was engaged in that busi- 



prominent in social and fraternal 
societies, being a member of the 
Order of Odd Fellows, Red Men, A. 
O. U. W., Royal Arcanum, and 
Knights of Pythias. In religion he 
is a Christian Scientist, being affiH- 
ated with the Mother Church in 
Boston, and acting as Treasurer of 
the Christian Science Church, 
Salem. His belief in the doctrine 
of the church is abundant and his 
acceptance of its tenets was the out- 
come of a marvelous cure performed 
upon him by members of the faith. 
Mr. Marston married Miss Martha 
A. L. Batson, of Danvers, and has 
two children. Last year he erected 
a handsome residence at the corner 
of Park and Alden streets. 

W. E. Smart & Co. 

This establishment had its incep- 
tion twenty-one years ago under the 
style of Smart & McCrillis. At that 


ness in Boston. He then came 
to Danvers and was employed in 
the shoe business until 1S74, 
when he engaged in the Danvers 
and Boston express business, 
which is now conducted by Pet- 
tingell c*v- Barry. In iSSS, he 
established an express route be- 
tween Danvers, Haverhill, Bev- 
erly, Peabody, Salem and Lynn, 
which has increased yearly both 
in the volume of business trans- 
acted and general efficiency of 
its service. Every description of 
merchandise and small parcels 
are forwarded daily with the ut- 
most dispatch and at a uniformly 
low rate. Mr. Marston utilizes 
several teams and the services of 
a number of competent men in 
his business and personally super- 
intends all shipments. In 1S92-3 
he served as selectman and as- 
sessor of the town and displayed 
much ability in the discharge of 
his duties. Mr. Marston is 




time it was located on the opposite side 
of the street, but when the present build- 
ing was erected a number of years ago, 
the business was 
removed and has 
since been con- 
ducted at 30 Ma- 
ple street. In 
1S89, Mr. Smart 
carried on busi- 
ness under his 
own name and so 
continued until 
1898, when Ar- 
thur C. Kelly was 
admitted to part- 
nership under the 
title of W. E. 
Smart cS: Co. The 
premises o c c u- 
pied are large, at- 
tractively a])- 
pointed, and the 
stock carried is as 
complete, high 
class and reliable 
as long experience and thorough knowl- 
edge of the business and intimate rela- 
tions with leading producers can secure. 
It em- 
thing re- 
by the 
most dis- 
cri m i n- 
ating pa- 
trons in 
fine, sta- 
ple and 
fane \ 
ies, teas 
and cof- 
fees, for- 
eign and 
t a b 1 e 
d e 1 ica- 
cies and 

fruits. A very large stock is carried and 
a specialty is made of butter, tea and 
Danvers Mocha and Java coffee. An ex- 


ccllcnt trade has been developed which ex- 
tends generally throughout the surround- 
ing district. Willis E. Smart is a native of 
Thornton, N. H., 
where he was born 
in 1855. Hecame 
to Danvers in 
1872, and worked 
successively for 
W. M. Currier and 
Nye & Beal, gro- 
cers, acquiring an 
intimate knowl- 
edge of the busi- 
ness in all its 
branches. Arthur 
C. Kelly is a Dan- 
vers man and was 
born in 1867. He 
has always been 
engaged in this 
business, spending 
several years with 
Mead & Webb, 
Danversport, and 
N. W. Edson & 
Co., Lynn. For nine years prece(iing his 
admission to partnership he was employed 
bv Mr. Smart. He is a member of the 

I. O. O. 
F. and 
partne rs 
are d e- 
served 1 y 



^ Mr. J. 
F rank 
has t h e 
dist i n c- 
tion o f 
being a 
a n t of 

John Porter, the founder of Porter's 
Plains, now Danvers. He was born at 
Danversport in 1847, and graduated from 



the Holteii High School. Three years 
were then spent in the morocco business 
in Peabody, after which, in iS65,hecame 
to Danvers, entering the grocery store of 
A. P. Perley tfc Co., where he remained 
ten years. In 1875 he opened a furni- 
ture store in the Carroll block, but his 
trade increased so rapidly that he found 
it necessary to seek more commodious 
premises. The result was that in 1S7S 
he erected the Porter block, of which he 
now occupies the entire ground floor and 
one- third of the second tloor, together 
with a spacious 
storehouse and 
upholstery d e- 
partment on Cen- 
tral avenue. The 
]:)remises through- 
out are admirably 
arranged and well 
ai^pointed, a n d 
every convenience 
is possessed for 
the successful 
prosecution o f 
the extensive busi- 
ness carried on. 
The stock em- 
braces everything 
useful and desira- 
ble in a home in 
the w a y of fine 
and medium fur- 
n i t u r e, carpets, 
wall papers, win- 
dow shades and 
draperies. The 
stock is all new and 
is the product of 
the largest manu- 
facturers i n the 
country. Mr. Porter has held several im- 
portant elective ofifices. He was a Trus- 
tee of the Peabody Institute for ten years 
and served in the Legislature in 1894, 
being re-elected in 1895. He has been 
a member of the finance committee of 
the Danvers Savings bank since 1891, 
and is at present one of its trustees. He 
is also one of the Board of Directors of 
the Danvers Gas Light Co. and acts as 
collecter for that corporation. Mr. Por- 
ter is largely interested in real estate and 

is a large owner of the Porter and Essex 
blocks and a number of houses. He has 
been assiduous in promoting the welfare 
of the community and has made most 
strenuous eftbrts to induce the establish- 
ment of industries in Danvers. 

Recently Arthur VV. Beckford, who was 
in Mr. Porter's employ a number of years, 
was admitted to partnership, the firm 
now being J. F. Porter & Co. Mr. Beck- 
ford is a popular young man, standing 
high in Masonry and other fraternal and 
social circles. 

John T. Carroll 
& Co. 


T h e business 
rarried on by 
John T. Carroll 
under the style of 
John T. Carroll & 
C o. was estab- 
lished in 1S79 by 
Lewis & Carroll, 
who remained in 
Ijartnership for 
ten years, when 
Mr. Carroll a c- 
quired the busi- 
ness and c o n- 
ducted it under 
his own name un- 
til 1894, when the 
jnesent style was 
adopted. M r. 

Carroll conducts 
the only news de- 
pot in town and 
supplies his pa- 
trons with all the 
Boston, local and 
New York papers, magazines and period- 
icals, also receiving subscriptions for the 
leading journals at the publishers' prices, 
and delivering them at customers' resi- 
dences. Thirty newsboys are employed 
on the various routes and the district is 
well covered by his excellent service. In 
addition to the news department Mr. 
Carroll deals extensively in books and 
stationery, cigars and tobacco, toys, fruits 
and confectionery, small wares and no- 
tions. The store is located in the three 



and a half story Carroll block, which was 
bought by Mr. Carroll in 1 89 i . Although 
not a nati\e of Danvers Mr. Carroll has 
resided here since his fourteenth year, 
and his education was received in the 
public schools of this town. He was 
born at Stoneham, in 1859, and upon 
leaving school entered the business which 
he now conducts. He is a member of 
Mosaic Lodge, F. and A. M., Holten 
Royal Arch Chapter, I. O. O. F., and A. 
O. U". W. Mr. Carroll was also a chirter 
member and one of the organizers of the 
Danvers Light In- 
fantry, Co. K, 

Eighth Mass. Vol- 
unteers. He i s 
most popular i n 
business and so- 
cial circles a n d 
enjoys the respect 
of his fellow citi- 

Jesse P. Colby. 

looked out for the business end, devoting 
such other time as he had to general 
work on the paper. After a year and a 
half here he was induced to reenter the 
employ of Messrs. Hanson as bookkeeper 
and buyer for the firm, giving, also, a 
portion of his time to the office of the 
Mirror. In May, 1893, the firm of Moy- 
nahan & Colby was dissolved, and during 
the balance of the year Mr. Colby spent 
the most of the time in the west, contrib- 
uting from Chicago a series of articles on 
the World's Fair to the Salem Dailv Cia- 
zette, which were 

Mr. Colby was 
born on a farm in 
Bradford, N. H., 
in 1S63 and until 
after twenty-one 
years of age fol- 
lowed the occupa- 
tion of farming. 
Coming to Dan- 
vers in 1885, he 
was first employed 
by F. M. Spofford 
a s bookkeei)er. 
Later he entered 
the employ o f 
Messrs. J. \'. i\: J. 
Hanson, the wholesale grain men of Dan- 
vers and Salem, as bookkeeper and col- 
lector, which position he had held for 
some years when, in 1890, owing to the 
appointment of C. H. Shepard, at that 
time owner of the Mirror, as U. S. Con- 
sul to Cothenburg, Sweden, the opportun- 
ity presented itself for him to i)urchase an 
interest in that paper, and the job print- 
ing business connected with it in company 
with the present proprietor, F. E. Moy- 
nahan. In this connection Mr. Colbv 


widely quoted. In 
January, 1894, he 
for the third time 
entered the em- 
ploy of the Messrs. 
Hanson, remain- 
ing with them un- 
til early in 1895, 
w hen business 
changes in that 
firm again neces- 
sitated his leaving 

During all these 
years his knowl- 
edge of business 
methods and par- 
ticularly of t h e 
proper manner in 
which accounts 
should b e kept 
had become ex- 
tensive and valu- 
able. So that in 
1895, after some 
months spent in 
special w o r k in 
the offices of the 
auditor of the P.. .V' M. R. R., and the 
treasurer of the B. X: L. R. R., he estab- 
lished himself in the business of public 
accounting at No. 605 Chamber of Com- 
merce, Boston, where his business has 
since grown to large proportions. Among 
the many important engagements he has 
filled, in the capacity of an accountant, 
are those which take him to the paper- 
mill citv of Holyoke several times each 
year. In 1896 he made a report to the 
town authorities .of Dalton, X. H., where- 



by the town recovered several thousimi 
dollars from a dishonest official. Ouite 
recently he also made an examination of 
the financial affairs of the famous Elec- 
trolytic Marine Salts Company, reporting 
to the committee representing the stock- 
holders. He has also at various times 
been employed by the B. tS: M. R. R., 
the Stoneham Gas Co., The Int^-rnational 
Ice Co., Messrs. J. & W. Jolly of Holyoke, 
Jos. W. Spaulding, Esq., Judge Jos. K. 
Wiggin, Hon. J. (). Burdett, Messrs. Doe, 
Hunnewell & Co., The Castle Square 
Hotel Co., R. M. 
Michie & C o., 
Messrs. M. Judd 
& Son, J. H. Cres- 
sey & Co., all of 
Boston, Hon. John 
P. Sweeney o f 
Lawrence, C. H. 
Cox & Co. of Hav- 
erhill and many 
others. For many 
of these firms and 
corporations he is 
the regular audi- 
tor. He has often 
acted as assignee 
in failures a n d 
insolvency cases, 
and is sole trus- 
tee for one or two 
large estates r e- 
quiring good 
judgment, busi- 
ness tact and abil- 

Early in the 
present )ear Mr. 
Colby formed a 
business connec- 
tion with A. C. R. Smith, of Salem, late 
treasurer of the Security Safe l)ei)0sit and 
Trust Co. of Lynn, for the ])urpose of 
protesting bank jniper, each hiving for 
several years l)een a notary ]:)u])lic. Al- 
ready they do all the work of this kind 
for two of the large Boston banks, this 
being, in reality, an important branch of 
the banking business. 'I'heir office is at 
48 Congress St., where their sign reads : 
" Accountants and Notaries Public." 

Probably in literary or newspaper work 


Mr. Coll)y could have made an equal suc- 
cess, as he has for many }ears been an 
occasional correspondent and contributor 
to various newspapers and magazines, and 
wherever his articles have ai^peared they 
have commanded attention on account of 
clearness and terseness of expression. 

Mr. Colby is a member of Mosaic 
Lodge, F. .\: A. M., and Holten R. A. 
Chapter of Danvers, and in f)OSton be- 
longs to the Huntington Club and the 
Boston Fusilier \'eteran Association. He 
now lives in Boston. 

John F, Kirby. 

Mr. Kirby's ex- 
perience in the 
boot and shoe 
business has been 
extensive and be- 
i n g a practical 
shoemaker him- 
self he is familiar 
with all the de- 
tails of the busi- 
ness. He was 
born in Danvers, 
March 12, 1S65, 
and recei\ed his 
education at the 
public schools, 
upon leaving 
which he worked 
for six years in 
the shoe factories 
of Danvers and 
Beverly. Twelve 
years ago he 
o])ened a store at 
56 Maple street 
where he re- 
when he removed 

block in which his store is located March 
I, rS98. The stock includes in its as- 
sortment everything desirable m tine and 
medium grade boots and shoes, rubbers 
and slippers for ladies, gentlemen, misses 
and children, and is of a superior ([uality. 
Mr. Kirby is active and alert and is able 
to meet the most exacting demands of 
his patrons and the public, and quick to 
take advantage of all the new styles in 

mained until TS92, 

to his present address, buying 



leans and from there worked his 
passage to Danvers, where he found 
employment on the Endicott farm 
on his arrival. The money he 
earned was spent in securing an 
education and he ultimately gradu- 
ated from Walnut Grove Academy. 
He afterwards learned the trade of 
a carpenter and became a con- 
tractor and builder. During the 
Civil War Mr. Lovejoy enlisted in 
Co. F, Second Massachusetts Vol- 
unteers, but was honorably dis- 
charged on account of disability, 
having sustained an attack of ty- 
phoid pneumonia. In 1S74 having 
bought a residence at Tapleyville 
he removed there. Three years 
later he was appomted a special 
police officer to suppress the li(]uor 
traffic, but resigned in 1879. The 
same year he was appointed a jus- 
tice of the peace for seven years, 
and has been regularly re-appointed 
ever since. He was also appointed 


footwear on their first appearance 
in the market. He is a young man 
of much promise and is popular with 
a larwe circle of friends. He belongs 
to the Catholic Order of Foresters, 
and the Young Men's Mutual Benev- 
olent Society. 

W. S. Lovejoy. 

Walter Scott Lovejoy was born in 
the old Osborne house. Central 
street. South Danvers, now Peabody, 
Aug. 31, 1S31. When fourteen 
years of age he was apprenticed to 
John Calvin Butler, one of the pio- 
neer shoe manufacturers of Danvers, 
but did not complete his term, going 
to reside at St. Louis, Mo. While 
there he enlisted in a cavalry troop 
under Col. John C. Fremont for 
service in the Mexican war, but be- 
fore leaving the state was discharged 
by application of his parents, as he 
was under age. He made two trips 
on a Mississippi steamer to New Or- 




a notary public and pension attorney to 
prosecute claims before the pension bu- 
reau at Washing- 
ton. He has 
been secretary of 
the Danvers War 
Record commit- 
tee ; chaplain of 
Ward Post 90, (i. 
A. R., and has 
composed several 
local poems and 
contributed t o 
the columns of the 
Danvers Mirror. 
At jone time he 
was a member of 
the Prohibition 
State Committee, 
but most of his 
life he has been 
an ardent Repub- 

Edward Carr, 

Edward Carr, 
son o f Edward 
Carr and Eliza- 
b e t h ( Doran ) 
w a s 
born in 
t h e 
Meath , 
I r e 
1 a n d. 
F e b. 
22, iS- 
39. His 
educa - 
t i o n 
was re- 
ceiv e d 
i n the 
nation - 
al school 
o f his 
nat i V e 
and a t 

the age of fourteen years he came to the 
United States with his parents who settled 



at Stoddard, N. H. Mr. Carr obtained 
employment in the glass factory there, 
where he r e- 
mained until his 
twenty-first year, 
when he went to 
Plaistow, N. H., 
to learn brick- 
making. In the 
spring of 187 1 
he came to Dan- 
versport and en- 
gaged in that 
occupation for 
himself and has 
been most s u c- 
cessful. T h e 
average annual 
output of his yard 
i s 20,000,000 
bricks and he em- 
ploys twenty men 
in the season. Mr. 
Carr has always 
been an active and 
earnest worker 
in the cause o f 
temperance and 
no-license. H e 
is the oldest living 
charte r 
m e m- 
ber o f 
t h e 
Abs t i- 
ne nee 
S o c i- 
ety. In 
h e or- 
t h e 
Fa lb e r 
M a t- 
t hew 
of Hav- 
e r h i 1 1 
and 1 n 

1875 a similar society in Salem. His 
aversion to the use of intoxicating licjuors 



is inherited from his parents, both of 
whom received the pledge of total absti- 
nence from the hands 
o f Father Matthew 
during his crusade 
against liquor in Ire- 
land. Mr. Carr was 
overseer of the poor 
in 1874-78. In pol- 
itics he is a Gold 
Democrat and has 
the courage of his 
convictions. H e 

was married Nov. 9, 
1864, to Ellen 
O'Leary of Danvers 
and has recently 
erected a handsome 
and substantial resi- 
dence convenient to 
his business. M r. 
Carr is a man o f 
sterling qualities and 
stands high in the 
estimation of the 
community, both in 
commercial circles 
and in private life. 

Fred Ulysses 


Fred Ulysses French is a native of 
1) e e r- 
fi e 1 d, 
N. H., 
wh ere 
he was 
born in 

He came 
to Dan- 
vers in 
a n d 
for six 
i n a 
s h o p, 
he be- 
came a 

travelling salesman for the Morley But- 
ton Sewing Machine, with headquarters 
in Boston. His next 
position was as fore- 
man of the stitching 
room with Martin, 
Clapp & French and 
upon the removal of 
the firm to Dover, 
N. H., he made ar- 
rangements with 
their successors, 
Clapp tS: Tapley, to 
do all the stitching, 
at present operating 
I his department i n 
their shop at Tapley- 
ville. He employs 
thirty-five persons in 
this connection and 
the work is in keep- 
ing with the high 
class goods turned 
out by the firm. In 
1893, Mr. French es- 
tablished what may 
more correctly b e 
styled a general store 
o n Holten street, 
Tapley ville, under 
the name of F. U. 
French & Co., in 
which a full and choice stock of groceries, 

.^^ ions, 
mea t s, 
sh o e s, 
a n d 
s in a 1 1 
mav be 
fi)u n (1. 
F our 
a:-s i s t- 
a n t s 
a n d 
t w o 
te a m s 
are em- 
ploy e d 
un d e r 
t h e 




supervision of J- C. French. The store is 
neatly fitted up and affords ample accom- 
modations for the requirements of the 
business, the patronage being drawn prin- 
cipally from the neighborhood in which 
it is located. Mr. French was appoint- 
ed second lieutenant in Co. K, 1 )anvers 
Light Infantry, upon the organization of 
the company in 1 89 1 . In 1 893. he was a])- 
pointed first lieutenant receiving an hon- 
orable discharge the following year. He 
has served on the Republican town com- 
mittee for four years 
and is registrar o f 
voters. He is also a 
member o f Mosaic 
Lodge, F. and A. M., 
Danvers Lodge, A. (). 
U. \V., and the Or- 
der of Red Men. 

Joseph M. 

The profession of 
the architect-builder 
is a most important 
one, requiring great 
natural talent, much 
study and research, 
a thorough mechani- 
cal training, com- 
plete knowledge of 
the value of building 
materials and of the 
most improved 
methods of construc- 
tion, as well as large 
practical experience 
for i t s successful 
jirosecution. Proofs 
of Mr. Whittier's skill and ability are 
numerous in Danvers and its vicinity, and 
are embodied in the many splendid edi- 
fices which he has erected. The most 
important of these, from a mechanical 
point of view, is the mill of the Danvers 
iron works at Danversport. This building 
was his first large contract au'i was so 
successfully carried out that it was the 
forerunner of many others. 1 he mill is 
a frame structure with an eighty foot- 
span supported by a single truss without 
pillars or other support and is looked 


upon as a very skillful piece of engineer- 
ing. The mill of the Danversport Rub- 
ber Co. was erected and given two coats 
of paint within five weeks, a feat that al- 
though provided for in the contract was 
considered impossible. He was also the 
builder of a four-story shop for George 
Plumer & Co. and has in all erected 
about thirty residences, among which 
may be mentioned those of L. W. San- 
born and Freeman George ; the Reynolds 
barn, with a thirty foot post and the Por- 
ter barn are also ex- 
cellent specimens of 
his skill. Mr. Whit- 
tier is at present en- 
gaged on the new 
Maple street school- 
house, being erected 
from plans prepared 
by Little & Brown, 
architects, Boston, 
and L. S. Couch, 
of L)anvers as asso- 
ciate architect. The 
structure is known 
as a wing building 
and measures 58 x 
58 feet with a thirty- 
seven foot post, the 
wings measuring 31 
X 33 and having a 
twenty-nine foot 
post, the whole con- 
taining eight rooms. 
The work is nearing 
completion and has 
given much satisfac- 
tion to the architects 
and the school com- 
mittee. Mr. Whit- 
tier is well equipped for the carrying out 
of all contracts entrusted to him, and his 
shop on Cheever street, Danversport, is 
one of the best equipped in the state. It 
is a three story building, with storehouses 
and sheds, and contains all the latest and 
most improved wood working and stair 
building machinery operated by steam. 
Here are turned out irregular and circu- 
lar mouldings, turnings, sawing and jig- 
ging, window frames, etc., a number of 
competent workmen being constantly 
employed. Mr. Whittier was bom at 



Danversport in 1866 and upon leaving 
the Holten High School learned carpen- 

American Mechanics and is one of the 
board of firewards. 

Austin L. Littlefield. 


The development of the 
ready-made clothing business 
has brought good fitting and 
stylihh garments within easy 
reach of all. The store con- 
ducted by Mr. Littlefield is 
replete with an excellent as- 
sortment of men's ready to 
wear clothing, fully equal to 
custom made work at a tithe 
of the cost. The stock of 
men's furnishing goods em- 
braces stylish neckwear, un- 
derwear, white and colored 
shirts, hats, caps, trunks and 
bags, and every seasonable 
novelty is added as soon as it 
appears in the market The 
prices are placed at the low 
est possible figure compatible 
with the supt-rior quality of 
the goods displayed and sev- 
eral courteous salesmen at- 
tend to the requirements of 
customers. The premises are 

tering, i n which 
he engaged for 
three years, when 
he went into busi- 
ness for himself. 
He is always 
ready to give es- 
timates, and can 
be implicitly re 
lied upon to spare 
no pains to cany 
out the require- 
ments of archi- 
tects, while the 
care bestowed 
upon every de- 
])artment o f his 
work reflects the 
utmost credit on 
his honorable and ,^^^^,^^ o, ^ ^ littlef.elds store, 


methods. Mr. Whittier is a member of well lighted and tastefully arranged with 
Mosaic Lodge, F. and A. M., and of the a view to the expeditious discharge of 



business, and comprise a ground floor 
and basement each 25 x 75 feet in dimen- 
sions at 47 Maple street. Mr. Littlefield 


was born in Danvers in 1S70, and re- 
ceived his education at the public and Hol- 
ten High schools, 
afterwards taking 
a commercial 
course at the Bur- 
d e 1 1 e Business 
College, Boston. 
Upon graduating 
from the latter he 
accepted an en- 
gagement with 
John O. Smith \- 
C o., wholesale 
clothiers, Boston, 
as traveling sales- 
man. It was 
while thus e m- 
ployed that he 
opened the pres- 
ent store in 1896, 
leaving it in 

charge of his manager. Last January, 
however, the trade had increased so 
largely that he was compelled to relin- 
quish his position, and devote his 
whole time and attention to the 
growing business of his store. Mr. 
Littlefield is a member of Amity 
Lodge, Holten Royal Arch Chap- 
ter and the Windsor Club. 

Nathan T. Putnam. 

Nathan T. Putnam has erected 
some of the most imposing resi- 
dences of this and the surround- 
ing towns. He was born at Chi- 
chester, N. H., in 1834, and at- 
tended the district school, after- 
ward following a seafaring life until 
the close of the war when he learned 
carpentering and building. Mr. 
Putnam has had over thirty years of 
practical experience in his profes- 
sion and has carried through to a 
successful issue many important 
undertakings. Among the hun- 
dreds of residences erected by him 
may be mentioned those of the 
following : Geo. W. Fiske, George 
A. Gunn, Dudley A. Massey, Dr. 
Eaton, William H. Burns, G. O. 
Stim])Son, J. O. Perry block, Epis- 
copal parsonage, H. M. Merrill, Samuel 
C. Putnam, Deacon John Learoyd, Eben 


1 64 


Putnam, Albert Hutchinson, Hon. S. L. 
Sawyer, Mrs. Pingree, Miss Cross, F. E. 
Moynahan, and in fact a great many 
more of the highest quality and hand- 
somest buildings in this vicinity. Mr. 
Putnam has achieved an honorable suc- 
cess in his chosen calling, combining the 
highest order of architectural beauty and 
symmetry with accuracy in estimates and 
close adherence to specifications. He 
gives careful supervision to all work en- 
trusted to him and with the perfect facil- 
ities at hand can guarantee the very best 
workmanship. Mr, Putnam is a member 
of Amity Lodge of Masons. He has al- 
ways devoted his en- 
tire time to business 
and has not sought 
office or political 
aggrandizement. He 
is al)ly assisted by 
his son, William T. 
Putnam, who is also 
a skilful architect- 

The whole of Essex county is its field, 
with a circulation of over 16,000, about 
1,400 copies being circulated in Danvers 
every day. The News has come to be 
recognized as practically the home paper 
of every town which it reaches, regardless 
of any other, daily or weekly. Its name 
is a household word, and its standing is 
of the highest wherever it is known — 
meaning a large section of the state. 

The Danvers correspondent is Frank 
E. Moynahan, publisher of the Danvers 
Mirror, and general newspaper corre- 
spondent, who was the first regular local 
reporter the News ever had. 

The Salem Even- 
ings News. 

Robin Damon, 
while engaged in the 
job printing business 
in Sdem in 1880, 
believed that a daily 
paper would succeed 
in that city and the 
large adjoining terri- 
tory, and with others 
he established the 
Salem Evening News, soon becoming sole 
])roprietor. The enterprise met with a 
good deal of discouragement for a time, 
but by indomitable will, and furnishmg 
an able, impartial and thoroughly newsy 
publication, the projector has increased 
the size of the paper, office equipment 
and publication quarters, and general 
usefulness of the News, until today it is 
one of the most valuable ]:)lants in the 
country, and the largest penny daily 
paper in New England outside of Boston, 
with the lowest advertising rates of any 
paper of its circulation and value in the 

Danvers Co-opera- 
tive Association. 


The Danvers Co- 
operative Associa- 
t i o n occupying a 
large portion of Es- 
sex block, illustrated 
in an earlier portion 
of this book, was es- 
tablished in 1871, 
but was not legally 
incorporated until 
1882, eleven years 
later. It does a gen- 
eral retail grocery 
and provision busi- 
ness and it is perhaps 
the most widely 
known store in Dan- 
vers. The business 
was first located in a 
building owned by 
John A. Putnam, and remained there un- 
til 1890, when it was removed to its 
present (juarters in the Essex block, at the 
corner of Essex and Elm streets, oppo- 
site the Eastern station. The first man- 
ager of the store was John C. Putnam, and 
he was succeeded by Alphonso Sanford, 
who gave place to O. S. Richards. Her- 
bert S. Tapley, the present efficient man- 
ager, has held that position since 1877 ; 
previous to assuming charge of the busi- 
ness Mr. Tai:)ley had been a clerk in the 
store something over a year, and under 
his management the business has pros- 
pered and grown and the D. C. A. store 



is one of the solid institutions of Danveis. 
Mr. Taplev is a Danvers boy, a graduate 
of tlie Holten High school and for twenty- 
three years has been connected with this 
store. He is married and his a ple.isant 
home at 24 Holten street. He is a 
trustee of the i)ublic lilirary, and is much 
esteemed as a conservative but progres- 
sive business man. E. C. Cook, the 
head clerl<, has been connected with the 
store eleven years, and is very popular 
with the patrons of the store. C. B. 
Willi.nns, the other regular clerk, has had 
a shorter connec- 
tion wiih the store, 
but is i)ainstaking 
and courteous. 
The store is con- 
ducted on the co- 
operative p Ian, 
furnishing goods 
t o stockholders 
and the general 
public at as small 
advance over cost 
price as possible. 
It is up to date 
in every depart - 
m e n t, keeping 
first class, fresh 
goods, and every- 
thing seasonable 
in its line. 

John E. 

John E. Ma- 
guire, of the firm 
of Thayer, Ala- 
guire & Field, of 
Haverhill, Mass., 
is a native of the town of Danvers and 
was born in that section known as Tap- 
leyville, October 2_^, 1854. 

He was the sou of John Maguire, a 
carpec weaver of the olden times, for 
which this section was famous. 

He attended the public schools in Dis- 
trict No. 7 from which he entered the 
Holten High School and was graduatefl 
in the class of 1S70. 

At the close of his school days he en- 


gaged in work in the shoe factories, be- 
ginning his apprenticeship in the factory 
of E. i.\: A. Mudge & Co. at Danvers 
C'entre with whom he remained for some 
years. After filling many and various 
positions of imp tri^ince in factories in 
town he removed to Haverhill in 1SS7 
and established a factory and assumed 
management for the Field-Thayer Man- 
ufacturing Co. of Boston. 

On the death of the senior partner a 
new company was formed under the firm 
name of Thayer & Maguire, and since by 
the addition o f 
Mr. Field, Jr., the 
firm is known as 
Thayer, Maguire 
>\: Field, and they 
are among the 
largest shoe man- 
ufacturers of that 

The firm manu- 
factures ladies' 
fine boots and 
Oxfords and i n 
addition to their 
large domestic 
trade have repre- 
sentatives in the 
foreign markets of 
South America, 
Australia, H a- 
waiian Islands, 
and are also ship- 
])ing many goods 
to the F.nglish 

M r. Maguire 
has always been a 
close attendant to 
business, but was 
elected and served as a member of the 
school committee until his removal from 

He was also a member of the Danvers 
Lodge, A. O. U. W., and is a charter 
member of the Catholic Total Abstinence 
Society, in both of which he still retains 
his membership. 

He has an active interest in his native 
town and her welfare and is a frequent 
visitor among his old time friends. 

In Haverhill, his present home, he is a 



member of the Pentucket and Elms 
Clubs, of the Father Mathew Society and 
of Passaquoi Tribe, I. O. R. M. 

He was President of the Haverhill 
Shoe Manufacturers' ^Association and 
served three years on the Republican 
City Committee. 

A large business prevents him from en- 
termg public life, although he has been 
many times besought to consent to the 
use of his name. 

M r. Ma- 
guire was 
married t o 
Miss Nellie 
Sullivan o f 
Peabody and 
their children 
are Miss Nel- 
lie J. Maguire 
and Master 
Harold E d- 
w a r d Ma- 

Edgar C. 

E. C. Pow- 
ers, origina- 
tor and man- 
ufacturer o f 
*' P o w e r s' 
Specific," i s 
of a family 
which has 
given to the 
country some 
famous men ; 
notably H i- 
ram Powers, 
the famous' 

sculptor; Governor Llewellyn Powers, of 
Maine, and many others who have 
achieved success in the political, profes- 
sional and business world. E. C. Powers 
was born in Orono, Me., on July 26, 
1849. His mother died when he was 
two years of age and his father removed 
to Newport, Me. There young Powers 
attended the public schools and later 
spent a year at the iNlaine Central Insti- 


tute, at Pittsfield, Me. He was for some 
time clerk in a retail drug store in New- 
port and later in a wholesale drug store 
in Portland. But he preferred the retail 
business and returned to Newport as man- 
ager of the drug store owned by Dr. John 
Benson, it being the same store of which 
Mr. C. H. Shepard was for a number of 
years the manager. He remained in this 
position until the business was sold in 1875, 
when in April of that year he came to 

Danvers and 
1) e c a m e a 
clerk fo r C. 
H. Shepard 
i n his drug 
store. This 
position h e 
filled until the 
summer o f 
1879 when he 
bought out 
the business 
a n d contm- 
ued i t tmtil 
1S87, t h e 
business hav- 
i n g steadily 
grown under 
his manage- 
ment, and it 
i s probable 
Mr. Powers 
would still be 
doing busi- 
ness i n the 
same place 
today were it 
not for the 
unexpec te d 
and unusual 
success which 
attended his 
efforts to in- 
troduce to the trade a medicine which he 
had first originated while in the store in 
Newport, Me. Although he had several 
customers for this preparation in Newport 
and vicinity he had never put the prei)ara- 
tion up in a form suitable for the market 
and had made no effort to introduce it, 
and on coming to Danvers had almost for- 
gotten that he had ever made such a med- 
icine. But for the followinii incident it 



is possible that a valuable medicine might 
have been lost to the world. One day 
Mr. Oliver Roberts, a patron of the drug 
store, called for a certain asthma medi- 
cine, and not having it on hand and not 
wanting Mr. Roberts to go to some other 
store for it, Mr. Powers told him he for- 
merly made an asthma remedy, and if Mr. 
Roberts would call again next day, he, Mr. 
Powers would make up a quantity of it, 
which he would like Mr. Roberts to 
try. The re- 
sult was Mr. 
Roberts tried 
t h e Asthma 
Specific and 
was much 
])leased with 
i t s prompt 
and benefic- 
ial effects, and 
it was largely 
through h i s 
influence that 
M r. Powers 
was induced 
to put the 
Specific u p 
in a shape and 
style adapted 
to the mar- 
ket. As the 
local demand 
for the niedi- 
c i n e i n- 
creased M r. 
Powers saw 
he must e \- 
tend the field 
of his opera- 
tions, and the 
medicine was 

p 1 a c ed o n w. f. 1 

sale in Sa- 
lem, Boston, Portland and New York. 
Desiring then to push the sales all o\er 
the country, Mr. Powers decided to give 
his whole time to the manufacture of the 
Specific, and in 1SS7 he sold his drug 
store to S. M. Moore, who had been his 
clerk for some years, and to whom he 
considered himself under obligations for 
faithful and untiring service. In 1S92 
Mr. Powers purchased two lots of land in 

the Dorchester district of Hoslon ; on 
one he erected a factory fitted up with 
all the modern machinery and apparatus 
necessary for his business, and on the 
other lot he erected a dwelling house for 
his own occupancy ; both buildings were 
planned by Mr. flowers himself, and he 
has found he made no mistake when he 
drew the i)lans ; they are both perfect in 
their way. Powers' Asthma Specific, the 
manufacture of which was begun in so 

small a way 
in Danvers, 
has now in- 
creased t o 
such an e x- 
tent that the 
labo r a t o r y, 
which, when 
built, seemed 
so unneces- 
sarily large, 
is getting a 
and already 
plans are be- 
ing made for 
a n o t h e r 
building bet- 
ter suited to 
meet the in- 
creasing de- 
mand for the 
goods. Dur- 
ing the past 
s i X months 
the demand 
has increased 
very rapidly, 
and Powers' 
Asthma Spec- 
ific is now 
iTNAM. sold in every 

state in the 
Union, and the cash sales are more than 
5r,ooo ]ier month; the prospect is that 
this showing will be far eclipsed the com- 
ing six months. Mr. Powers was mar- 
ried in October, 1S79, to Miss Fannie W. 
Damon, of Stetson, Maine, a cousin of 
C. H. Shepard. 1'hey have three sons 
and one daughter, all born in Danvers. 
Mr. Powers has a lovely home in Dor- 
chester, and an interesting family. 



Webster F. Putnam. 

Mr. Putnam was born in Danvers and 
is the son of the late Thomas M. Putnam. 

He was educated in the town scliools 
of Dangers and in the year 1878, an op- 
portunity offering, he entered the employ 
of his uncle, the late Charles A. Putnam, 
who did a general banking and brokerage 
business in Boston. 

The firm of Charles A. Putnam iS: Co. 
was noted for the conservative and hon- 
orable business methods pursued. In 
1880, the principal retiring from active 
business, the business was carried on by 
Webster F. Putnam and Nathaniel Heath, 

administrator and trustee for many es- 
tates. He has done much to open up 
land for residential purposes, having 
during the past five years alone built 
thirty-four houses in Danvers. Nor has 
his activity been confined to Danvers, for 
he was the first to realize and seize upon 
the advantages of similar opportunities in 
Manchester. His intention has been to 
provide means by which people of mod- 
erate incomes would become home-own- 
ers. As one would presume from the 
success which has come to him, he is 
wide awake, energetic, and conservative. 
In stature he is of about average height 
and of stout build. He has the blue eyes 


who had been a fellow clerk, under the 
style of Putnam & Heath. Upon the re- 
turn of Mr. Charles A. Putnam from his 
European trip, with health restored, he 
invited Webster F. Putnam to enter into 
partnership with him and, this offer being 
accepted, the new firm was known as 
Charles A. <!^' Webster F. Putnam. Later 
on Webster F. Putnam established him- 
self in the same business in State street, 
and is now situated in Water street doing 
business under the style of Webster F. 
Putnam & Co. Mr. Putnam lives in 
Danvtrs, on Lindall Hill, where he has 
extensive real estate interests. He is 

and brown hair so common to a large 
portion of the Putnam tribe. 

In addition to an extensive banking 
and brokerage business Mr. Putnam has 
l)een an extensive operator in real estate ; 
he has opened up large tracts of land for 
residential purposes, and successfully ear- 
ned through many large deals. He has 
built many houses, on streets laid out by 
himself, and added thousands of dollars' 
worth of taxable property to the towns of 
Danvers, Manchester, Beverly and other 
places. His plan has been to secure 
some tract of land, lay it out in streets 
and buildino; luts, and then furnish the 



money to build homes for people of lim- 
ited means, enabling desirable citizens to 
secure handsome modern houses with 
adequate grounds and pay for them in 
such ways as their incomes will best allow 
vi their doing. As an instance of the 
benefit to the town of Mr. I^itnam's op- 
erations a tract of land belonging to the 
Alfred Trask estate and the field adjoin- 
ing, formerly a part of the Eben G. Berry 
estate, may be cited. In 1893 this estate 
was assessed for about Si 8,000, and paid 
a tax of about 
$347. In 1898, 
the value of the 
land and buildings 
was fully 580,000 
and the taxes 
amounted to 
probably $1,950, 
i n c 1 u d i n g the 
water rates paid 
by the occupants 
of the new dwell- 
ings which had 
been erected on 
the land. Here 
was a gain to the 
town, in taxes, of 
about $1,600 a 
y e a r. Besides 
this direct money 
gain through Mr. 
Putnam's opera- 
tions about thirty- 
four new residen- 
ces have been 
added to the 
town during the 
past five years, 
and he is still 
building more 

houses. Fine new streets have been 
built where before were only pastures. 
Young shade trees, smooth lawns, grav- 
elled walks and drives, and brilliant 
flower beds have succeeded run-down 
fields and tumble-down fences. Mr. 
Putnam has also been a large o])erator 
in real estate in Manchester and North 
Beverlv during the past few years, on 
similar lines to those in Danvers. He 
has erected fifteen houses in those two 
places during that time. All these 

houses are of the better class, of attrac- 
tive exteriors and containing all the most 
desirable modern conveniences. Mr. 
Putnam has a charming home on Lindall 
Hill, where he resides all the year round. 
He married in 1887 Miss Helen P. Mel- 
dram of Manchester, Mass., and has two 
children, a girl and boy, Marion and 
Webster F., Jr. Mr. Putnam has the 
care of many estates as administrator or 
trustee, and these with all his own vast 
business interests make him one of Dan- 
vers' busiest as 
well as most suc- 
cessful business 


Rep. Addison 
P. Learoyd. 

Representativ e 
Addison P. Lea- 
royd is one of the 
best known men 
in Danvers from 
the fact that he 
h a s been con- 
nected with town 
affairs i n some 
official capacity 
for many years. 
Mr. Learoyd was 
born in Danvers 
al>out sixty-one 
years ago, and 
comes of good old 
N e w England 
stock. His pleas- 
ant home is on 
Oak street. He 
was for many 
years engaged in 
the manufacture of leather. For more 
than a dozen years he has been clerk of 
the School Board and has also served 
several years on the Water Board. He 
has been the moderator at more town 
meetings, regular and special, than any 
other man in town. He was elected to 
the State Legislature in 1S98, being the 
Republican candidate, and he has held 
the important office of town treasurer of 
Danvers for years. Mr. Learoyd is a 
modest, unassuuiing man, who has satis- 




factorily filled all these important public 
offices and he will probably be retained 
in some of them for years to come. He 
is a man of unquestioned integrity and 
ability, and one of Danvers' best citizens. 
He and Mr. Wells make able protec- 
tors of the interests of the double repre- 
sentative district of Danvers and Peabody. 

Representative Abelard E. Wells. 

Mr. Wells was born in Portland, Maine, 
June 17, 1854, his 
father being George 
W. Wells, and mother 
Frances A. Wells. 
He graduated from 
Westbrook Seminary, 
Westbrook, Maine, 
in 1 87 5 and from 
Tufts College in 1879 
with degree of A. B. 
Went to Peabody to 
teach in the fall of 
1879 as principal of 
the Bowditch gram- 
mar school where he 
remained until 18S9. 
During this time he 
was principal of the 
Wallace evening 
school for five years. 
The last three years 
of his teaching he 
devoted all o f his 
spare time to the 
study of law, but 
abandoned the idea 
of entering upon that 
profession and did 
not complete the 
course for admittance to the bar. In 
1889-90 he was N. E. agent for Dodd, 
Mead & Co., New York publisheis. Since 
that time he has been engaged in the 
business of life insurance and has been 
connected with the Mutual Life and New 
York Life Companies. He served on the 
board of selectmen in 1895-6 and was 
chairman the last year. Has been on 
the school committee for five years and 
for the last three years has been chairman. 
He is a member of Jordnn lodge of 
Masons, of Washington Royal Arch Chap- 

ter, of ^\'inslow Lewis Commandery, ot 
Knights Templar, of Holten Lodge of 
Odd Fellows and Peabody Board of 
Trade. In the campaign of 1896 he was 
president of the McKinley & Hobart 
Club, which was a flourishing organization. 
He has served on important town com- 
mittees and been a delegate to various 
conventions, and has been connected 
with all the social and literary clubs of 
the town. In 1883 he was married to 
Alice S. Teel of Peabody, a teacher in the 
public schools. He 
has always been a 
Unitarian in religious 
belief and a Repub- 
lican. Representa- 
tive Wells' valuable 
services on the Pea- 
body sewerage ques- 
tion and also on the 
Danvers \Vater works 
matter in connec- 
tion with Representa- 
tive Learoyd have 
again brought him to 
the forefront in a 
public capacity. He 
has been an aggress- 
ive and able leader 
in all his undertak- 


Danvers Improve- 
ment Society. 

On Sept. I, 1886 
a meeting of ladies 
and gentlemen in 
the Town Hall, for 
the purpose of form- 
ing a " Village Improvement Society," 
was called to order by Dr. W. W. Eaton, 
who was elected chairman and Ezra D. 
Hines was chosen secretary. After the 
presentation of a cane and a sum of 
money to Joshua Sylvester by Alden P. 
White, as a mark of api)reciation and es- 
teem, a committee was api)ointed to 
draw up a constitution and by-laws ; these 
were adopted at a subsequent meeting 
and Dudley A. Massey was elected presi- 
dent. The objects of the society are the 
'-' improvement iind ornamentation of the 



roads, sidewalks and grounds of the Town 
of Danvers and the encouragement and 
assistance, in every practicable way, of 
whatever may tend to the improvement 
of the town as a place of residence." 
With these objects in view the society 
has labored for nearly thirteen years and 
throughout the town the results of its 
work are apparent. Once each year, on 
Arbor day, public exercises are held and 
trees are planted in various places through- 
out the town. In years past, oaks, ma- 
ples, e t c, have 
been set out at the 
Town house, the 
electric light sta- 
tion, the First 
Church and at the 
Peabody Institute 
as well as in other 
localities. Trees 
planted and 
named for distin- 
guished men are 
a s follows : — In 
iSSS, two golden 
leaved oaks in 
front of the Town 
House, the one 
towards Holten 
street called the 
John G. Whittier 
tree, the other 
the Joshua Sylves- 
ter tree. In 1890 
an oak from Oak 
Knoll on the left 
hand side of the 
northern entrance 
to the Institute 
grounds, called 

the Guv. Brackeit tree and on the left, a 
purple leaved beech, called the Lieut. 
Governor Haile tree. In 1891, five trees 
in front of the First church, a purple leaved 
beech, the Rice tree ; a white oak, the 
Farmer tree ; a linden, the Village tree ; 
a cut leaved birch, the Ingersoll tree ; a 
rock maple, the Peabody tree. Tablets 
are also iDeing erected from year to year 
to mark historic places within the town. 
The grounds at the electric light station 
have been graded and beautified as well 
as the small park on Pickering street and 


the grounds about the Eastern and West- 
ern stations. To the society also belongs 
a greater part of the credit for the erec- 
tion of the new station at Danversport in 

The purchase of the Berry lot of twen- 
ty-five acres as a ])ublic park for the town 
is the largest undertaking the Society has 
entered upon and to Dr. W. W. Eaton, 
with whom the idea originated, much of 
the success of the plan must be attributed. 
Together with Conrad Juul he negotiated 
with Mr. Berry for 
the purchase o f 
the land, and by 
iniblic fairs, by 
contributions and 
from other sources 
t h e necessary 
$5,000 has been 
raised, and the 
I)roperty formally 
transferred so that 
now the deed is 
in the possession 
of the Society, 
only awaiting the 
time when the 
whole shall b e 
turned over to the 
town as a public 
park forever. 

In scores o f 
other ways, per- 
haps less direct, 
the influence of 
the society has 
been felt. The 
removal of fences, 
the laying out and 
beautifying o f 
lawns, the building of concrete sidewalks, 
the construction of macadam roads, the 
adoption of a uniform width of streets, 
the ai)pointment of a town forester, the 
introduction of electric lights and the re- 
modelling of the Town house are im- 
provements, for all of which the society 
may justly claim more or less credit. 

Dudley A. Massey served as president 
of the society until 1890 and from that 
date until 1S98 Dr. W. W. Eaton held 
the position : in i898-'99, J. W. Porter and 
in 1899, J. Frank Porter. Mr. Ezra I). 



Hines and Rev. E. C. Ewing have acted 
as secretaries ; the former from the for- 
mation of the society until 1892 and the 
latter from that date to the present time. 
A. P. White, the first treasurer, was 
succeeded by D. A. Massey, and he by 
H. M. Bradstreet, the present treasurer. 

Elisha B. Peabody. 

Elisha B. Peabody has built more 
buildings in Danvers than any other man 
or firm. Owing to a long illness early in 
the year he has not been as busy this year 
as usual, but he will be in full swing 
again by another season, probably. Mr. 
Peabodv has built over 200 dwelling 

vers Electric Light p^ant, which stands 
1 20 feet high. 

By planning houses and other structures, 
he saves to customers the expense of an 
architect, and has the whole work better 
in mind than if dependent upon some- 
body else for instruction and advice as to 
material and manner of construction. 
His services are much in demand for 
large contracts of repairing, heavy work 
being a specialty. 

Mr. Peabody was born in Boxfv>rd, 
where he attended the public schools un- 
til he was fourteen years of age, when he 
went to New Hampshire, where he lived 
until he was twenty-one. During that 
time he learned the carpenter trade at 
which he has been engiged ever since. 


houses in Danvers, Peabody, Salem, Mid- 
dleton, Topsfield, Manchester, Beverly 
Farms, North Andover, Swampscott, Lynn 
and other towns during the past few years. 
He contracts for any part of a l)uilding, 
or for the whole, from the putting in of 
the foundation to the finishing of a house 
ready for occupancy, including the mason 
work, carpentering, painting, plumbing, 
papering, etc. He has built some of the 
finest houses in this section, notably one 
for Mr. Creese, of Bernard, Friedman l\: 
Co. ; Dr. Jackson, at Beverly Farms ; A. 
A. Conant, at Topsfield, and many others. 
Mr. Peabody is also a mover of l)aildings, 
and he has erected some very high smoke 
stacks. He erected the stack at the Dan- 

He has supported himself ever since he 
was fourteen years of age. He came to 
Danvers fifteen years ago, and for thirteen 
years he has been engaged in building 
operations on his own account. He is an 
architect as well as a builder, and draws 
plans and writes specifications for all 
kinds of buildings. Mr. Peabody has 
been one of Danvers' busiest citizens for 
the past dozen years. He is a Blue 
Lodge, Royal .Arch Mason, and K. T., an 
Odd Fellow and a Red Man, and a mem- 
ber of numerous other social and fraternal 
organizations. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. Mr. Peabody has a wife and two 
children, and his home is at the corner 
of Franklin street and Central Avenue. 



W. W. EATON, M D. 

William Winslow Eaton, M.D. 

Dr. Eaton was born in Webster, Me., 
May 20, 1S36. He graduated at Bruns- 
wick High school and engaged in teach- 
ing for several years, subsequently gradu- 
ating from Bow- 
doin College i n 
I 8 6 I. He was 
elected class or- 
ator in 1858 
a n (i Athenajan 
Society ])oet in 
1861.' In 1865 
he received the 
degree of Master 
of Arts. Dr. Ea- 
ton began the 
study of medicine 
with Dr. John 1). 
Lincoln of Bruns- 
wick in i860, 
taking his first and 
second course of 
lectures in 1861- 
2, at the Maine 

Medical School, of which he was also libra- 
rian. He was a pupil of Dr. Valentine 
Mott in the wniter of 1863, and graduated 
at New York University, March, 1864, hav- 
ing been granted leave of absence by the 
Secretary of Wax for this purpose. During 
the Civil War Dr. Eaton entered the mili- 
tary service in June, 1862, as hospital stew- 
ard of the 1 6th Regt. Maine Volunteers, 
performing the duties of assistant surgeon, 
was commissioned as such Jan., 1863, and 
in 1864 was promoted to be a surgeon, 
with the rank of Major, and served three 
vears, participating in all the battles of the 
Army of the Potomac, from Antietam to 
Lee's Surrender, Apr. 9, 1865. fuly 12, 
1865, he married Agnes H. Magoun of 
Lrunswick, Maine ; has hid four children, 
of whom the two daughters are now living. 
He began practice in South Reading, Mass., 
in 1865, removing to Danvers in April, 1867, 
when he united with the First Church at 
Danvers Centre. In 1865 he was elected 
a member of the Maine Meilical Association 
and of the Middlesex District Society and 
Massachusetts Medical Society the same 
year ; has held the position of Censor, Coun- 
selor and President of the Essex (South Dis- 
trict) Medical Society ; was appointed by 
the Massachusetts Medical Societv to 
prepare and read a paper at the annual 
meeting of the society in June, 1887, 
which was accepted for publication in 
the fjjston Medical and Surgical lournal. 




He has been either surgeon or comman- 
der of Post 90; G. A. R., since its organi- 
zation and a staff officer of the Massachu- 
setts department in 189S. Dr. Eaton 
has served on the school committee for 
fifteen years and was for several years its 
chairman. He was also chairman of the 
building committee on the erection of 
the Tapley school in 1870 and of the 
Park street school in 1S74; member of 
the committee on the remodeling of the 
Town House, 1896-97 ; chairman or sec- 
retary of the Board of 
Health for twenty-five 
years ; trustee of the 
Peabody Institute for 
four years during 
which time he re-ar- 
ranged and complete- 
ly catalogued the li- 
brary ; trustee of Wal- 
nut Grove Cemetery 
Corporation since 
1880 and president 
since 1885, and unas- 
sisted drew a set of 
scale plans of the cem- 
etery which were very 
favorably commented 
upon and would have 
done credit to an ex- 
pert engineer ; one of 
the organizers and first 
vice president of the 
Danvers Improvement 
Society and has been 
its president for the 
past eight years ; chair- 
man of the committee 
appointed by the town 
which reported on and 
secured an appropria- 
tion of $1000 for macadamizing High 
street, the first piece of macadamizing 
done in Danvers ; member of the Bow- 
ditch Club and president at the time of 
its dissolution when he placed its records 
in the Peabody Institute ; President of 
the Danvers Scientific Society and its 
teacher of chemistry and physics; de- 
livered the address of Ward Post 90, d. 
A. R., in 1886, Plunkett Post, Ashburn- 
ham, in 1887, ^iid in Topsfield in 1896 ; 
delivered the memorial address at Pea- 

body Institute on the death of President 
Grant and at the Town House on the 
death of Whittier ; in June, 1889 was ap- 
pointed a member of the Salem Board of 
United States Examming Surgeons for 
pensions, from which he resigned in 1893 
and was reappointed in 1897, and is at 
present president of the Boarci ; in politics 
always a Republican and for a number of 
years chairman of the Republican Town 
Committee ; raised in Army Lodge No. 8, 
F. & A. M. in 1864 while in camp near 
Mitchell Station, Va. ; 
m e m b e r of Amity 
Lodge since 1867 ; 
charter member of 
Mosaic Lodge in 187 i, 
and Worshipful Mas- 
ter 1881-82 ; charter 
member of Holten 
Royal Arch Chapter 
in 1872 ;. High Priest 
in 1 886 ; received the 
Cryptic Degrees in 
Salem Council in 
1897 ; knighted in 
Winslow Lewis Com- 
mandery in 1888 and 
was chairman of the 
Committee on the 
revision of By-Laws; 
Captain General in 
1890-91 and declined 
an unanimous re-elec- 
tion ; was assistant 
prelate in 1892 mid 
prelate since 1893 Re- 
ceived the A. and 
A. rite fourteenth de- 
gree in Sutton Lodge 
of Perfection in 


Henry F. Batchelder, M.D. 

Dr. Henry F. Batchelder was born in 
Middleton, Oct. 10, i860, being descend- 
ed from Josei)h Batchelder, who came to 
this country in 1636, the Batchelder an- 
cestry being of the oldest and highest 
standing recorded in genealogy. He is 
the son of John A. and Laura A. Batchel- 
der. He was educated in the Salem pub- 
lic schools, graduating from the High 



etcological Society and Essex County Hom- 
eopathic Society. He is Republican in 
politics, but is never actively partisan, and 
has the universal esteem of his fellow towns- 
men. On Apr. 30, 18S4, he was married 
to Miss Caroline E. Taft of Dedham, and 
two chiliiren grace the household. 

E. H- NILES, M D. 

school in that city in 1S79, and in Bos- 
ton University Medical school, where he 
obtained the degree of C.B. (Bachelor of 
Surgery) in 1882 and M.D. in 1883. 

He began practice in his native town 
and shortly afterward came to Danvers 
where his recognized skill and great per- 
sonal popularity have secured for him an 
extensive and high- 
class patronage. He 
has been a member of 
the School Board for 
six or seven years and 
belongs to Amity 
Lodge of Masons, Hol- 
ten Chapter, Winslow 
L e w i s Command ery, 
and other fraternal or- 
ganizations. He is a 
member and has been 
an officer in several 
medical fraternities, 
including the Ameri 
can Institute of Ho- 
meopathy, Massachu- 
setts Surgical and Gyn- 

Edward H. Miles, M. D. 

Among the newer additions to the medi- 
cal fraternity of Danvers, no representative 
of the art of medicine has had greater suc- 
cess or become in so short a time more uni- 
versally popular thin Dr. E. H. Niles. 

I^r. Niles was born in West Fairlee, Vt., 
thirty-one years ago and attended the local 
schools, Thetford and St. Johnsbury acad- 
emies and Harvard Medical School, having 
also taken a year's special study under a 
Dartmouth College professor. About eight 
years ago he came to Danvers, where his 
pleasing mdividuality and skill in his profes- 
sion soon commanded recognition, and his 
progress has been rapid and steady. While 
not seeking any office he has been repeated- 
ly elected to the School Board and would 
undoubtedly receive other recognition of a 
similar character should he show the dis- 
position to encourage it. Chi June 6, 
1888, he was married to Miss Maud A. 
Smith of West Fairlee, Vt., and they have 
three children. 

He is popular in various fraternal cir- 
cles, belonging to the Masons and other 




Frederick William Baldwin. M,D. 

Dr. Frederick William Baldwin is the son 
of Stephen Henry Baldwin and Elizabeth 
Ann (Inman) l)aldvvin, and was born in 
Birmingham, Conn., December 14, 1861. 
He was educated in the public schools of 
Shelton and Birmingham, Conn., and also 
studied at the Conservatory of Music and 
Bryant «S; Stratton's Business College, Bos- 
ton. He studied medicine at Harvard 
Medical School, from which he received a 
degree of M.D. in 1886. Since then he 
has taken several special courses at the 
Mass. (Tcneral Hospital. His first ances- 
tor in this country was John Baldwin, who 
came to the country in 163S and settled in 
Milford, Conn. He was an Englishman. 
The Doctor's great-great-great-great-grand- 
father was a soldier in the French and In- 
dian war and Deputy in 1747 and 1748. 
His great-great-great-grandfather was Dr. 
Silas Baldwin of Derby, Conn., a surgeon 
of celel)rity, who served in the war of 181 2. 
His grandfather and father, Lieut. Stephen 
H. Baldwin, were in the Civil War, so it 
will be seen the Doctor comes of a patri- 
otic family. Dr. Baldwin is and has been 
since March, 1894, chairman of the Dan- 
vers Board of Health. He is the medi- 
cal examiner for several life insurance 
companies and a member of the Massa- 
chusetts Medical Society, in which he 


has held die office of Censor and is now 
a Councillor. In politics. Dr. Baldwin is 
a Rei)ublican. His office and residence 
are at the corner of Maple and Cherry 
streets. He has a 
large and lucrative 
practice and is one 
of the most popu- 
lar men in town. 

W. C. Nicker- 


W. C. Nicker- 
son, proprietor of 
die oldest clothing 
store in Dan vers, 
is one of the best 
known young bus- 
iness men in the 
town, for Mr. 
Nickerson is a 
progressive man, 
a firm believer in 
the efficacy of ad- 



vertising and has made his name well 
known in all the homes of Danvers and 
adjoining towns. W. C. Nickerson was 
born in Orleans, down on Cape Cod, 
something over thirty years ago. He 
comes of good old colonial stock, his an- 
cestors having been among the early set- 
tlers of the Cape. He was educated in 
the public schools of his native town, and 
at the early age of fourteen went to work 
to carve out his own fortune. For eleven 
years he worked for one firm, and during 
that time he thoroughly mastered all the 
details of the clothing trade. He early 

of a one to assist the manager of the 
store. Mr. Nickerson early determined 
that the people of Danvers should have 
no reason for going out of town to pro- 
cure anything in the line of men's, boys' 
and children's clothing, or gentlemen's 
furnishing goods or hats of any grade or 
([uality. lieing a careful and shrewd 
buyer, an economical manager who keeps 
his expenses at the lowest limit consistent 
with a liberal management, he has been 
able to successfully compete with the big 
stores of the cities in prices ; and his 
stock always embraces the newest in fab- 


developed abilities as a salesman and has 
the happy faculty of making and holding 
new customers. He was highly valued 
by his employer and he improved his 
time in familiarizing himself with the 
manufacture, purchase and sale of cloth- 
ing and haberdashery. Seven years ago 
Mn Nickerson came to Danvers from 
Whitman and purchased the only cloth- 
ing store there was in town at that time, 
which was then located in the National 
Bank building, and conducted by C.eorge 
Jacobs of Peabody. It was but a small 
business then, requiring only the service 

rics and styles, for feeing a wise manager, 
he allows no old, out-of-style stocks to 
accumulate on his shelves and tables. 
Kach season's stock is that season's styles. 
The most fastidious youth can, at the 
Nickerson store, always obtain the ultra 
fashionable clothes, haberdashery, neck- 
wear, hats, etc., in fact whatever can be 
had in any of the big clothing establish- 
ments of the cities, can be had at Nick- 
erson's at as low, and often lower, prices. 
All clothing sold here is made in clean, 
airy, healthy workshops, and no sweat 
shop garments are ever allowed in this 



store. The trade in children's cloth- 
ing has grown to large proportions, 
and the heads of many families not 
only in Danvers but all the sur- 
rounding towns have found that 
their little folios can be clothed at 
Nickerson's in natty and serviceable 
clothes at a less expense than ever 
before possible. From the time 
Mr. Nickerson bought out Jacobs' 
until the present time there has 
been a healthy, steady and per- 
manent increase in the volume of 
business. He soon outgrew the 
store in the bank building and 
moved to the large store now occu- 
pied in Colonial building. Here 
he carries a large stock of ready- 
to-wear clothing, hats, caps, trunks, 
umbrellas, gloves, travelling bags, 
canes, and everything in neckwear, 
underwear, hosiery and all those 
thousand and one things necessarv 
to the perfect toilet of a well- 
dressed man or boy. There is a 
wide range in the qualities, styles 
and prices of goods, goods to fit 



all tastes and means. Everybody can 
be fitted and suited. Mr. Nickerson 
keeps the people fully informed of 
what he has to offer them through 
a liberal use of printers' ink and he 
does not advertise aiiything which 
he has not. All purchases are 
made satisfactory to the purchaser. 
From a business requiring one man 
and a boy, the business has grown 
to recjuire four expert and courteous 
regular salesmen beside the propri- 
etor, with extra clerks on Saturday 
nights and extra occasions. This 
business has been built up by good 
management, liberal treatment of 
patrons, liberal advertising and strict 
integrity. The store is a credit to 
the town and Mr. Nickerson is one 
of her ])opular young merchants. He 
is married and has one child ; his 
home is on Ash street ; he is an Odd 
Fellow, Mason, and member of sev- 
eral social organizations. His trade 
is drawn from a large section of the 
county besides Danvers, his store be- 
ing a centre for suburban buyers. 




Woodman Bros. & Ross. 

In 1S3S Asa Sawyer established the 
business at present carried on l)v the 
above firm at Danversport. His succes- 
sors have been Jacob Roberts, J. and N. 
Bragdon and Woodman Bros., the firm 
then consisting of Daniel Woodman and 
Joseph W. Wood- 
man. Twenty 
years ago John T. 
Ross, who had 
spent many years 
in the service of 
J. and N. Brag- 
don, was admitted 
to partnership, the 
style becoming 
Woodman Bros. 
& Ross. Under 
the able and con- 
servative manage- 
ment of these 
men the business 
has been consid- 
erably extended 
and the volume of 
trade has materi- 
ally in c r e a sed. 

The plant is perfectly e(|uii)ped 
with all the latest wood and paper 
box and planing machinery, oper- 
ated by steam power and the light- 
ing of the various buildings is ac- 
complished by their own electric 
lighting i)lant. They cut and han- 
dle from two to three million feet 
of timber and lumber annually, 
much of which is derived from their 
extensive timber limits located at 
Middleton. and from thirty- five to 
forty persons are em|jloyed in their 
mills. The firm are dealers in liard 
and soft wood and kimlling, and 
manufacture wood and ])a]ier boxes 
and all kinds of packing cases. The 
premises at the mills cover a couple 
of acres of ground, with am])le room 
for lumber j^iles and storehouses, 
and their transportation facilities 
are excellent. Daniel Woodman 
was born at Beverly in 1839, '■■'^^'^'^ 
received his education in the schools 
of Danvers. 
Joseph W. Woodman is a native of 
Danversport where he was born Jan. 25, 
1 84 7, and graduated from the Holten 
High school. He was a trustee of the 
Peabody Institute for eleven years, 1S86- 
97, selectman and assessor 1888-89 ^^^^ 
represented the district in the Legislature 
in 1896-97. He was formerly a member 




of the Second Corps Cadets, Salem, 
is a member of the Masonic Order 
and the I. O. O. F. 

John T. Ross is a prominent 
member of the G. A. R. and other 

Lore & Russell. 

This house was originally estab- 
lished over half a century ago by 
Harrison Warren, the present pro- 
prietors, Clinton Lore and George 
Russell, purchasing it in 1889. The 
facilities of the firm comprise ex- 
tensive and complete premises, in- 
cluding two coal pockets with a ca- 
pacity of 5,000 tons each and 500 
feet of wharfage at River street, 
the office being located on Water 
street, both at Danversport. Be- 
sides supplying a large and annual- 
ly increasing trade from the town 
and within a radius of twenty-five 
miles, shipments are made direct 
to large consumers and the trade 
in car-load and cargo lots from the 
mines without re handling, and 
every modern convenience and accom- 
modation have been provided for prompt- 
ly meeting the requirements of the trade 
and public. The firm handles the best 
grades of Cumberland, Philadelphia and 



Reading and Lehigh coal. The resources 
of the house are such that the largest as 
well as the smallest consumer is satisfac- 
torily served, and all coal handled is of 
the highest standard of excellence, well 
cleaned and is 
furnished at the 
lowest market 
rates. Liberality 
and fair dealing 
are characteristic 
of the firm and 
both the partners 
are progressive 
and enterprising 
citizens, closely 
allied with the in- 
dustrial advance- 
ment of Danvers, 
and their success 
is as pronounced 
as it is merited. 
'I'he firm has an 
office in F. M. 
Spofford's market 
at Danvers Plains. 




and has a reputation in that cajjac- 
ity second to no man in the coun- 
try. He officiates at the largest 
and most prominent race tracks in 
the east. He spends the greater 
part of the winter season in Ken- 
tucky and the west, selecting racing 
horses for the eastern trade, and he 
has brought into New iMigland 
more horses which have proved 
high class race horses than any 
other man in the business. He 
has selected over 225 horses from 
the breeding farms of the south 
that have since proved to l>e fast 
race horses. He sells more high 
class speed horses each season 
than any other man in New luig- 
land, and his reputation as a judge 
of fine stock stands at the head of 
the list. Mr. Merrill is a Republi- 
can in politics, and one of the most 
energetic and progressive of I)an- 
vers business men in his chosen line. 


Albert H. Merrill. 

Albert Henry Merrill is the son of 
Henry Miles Merrill and Lucy Ann Fos- 
ter, and was born in Peabody, Mass., 
O c t o 1) e r 13, 
1864. He was 
educated in the 
public schools of 
D a n V e r s and 
Bryant & Strat- 
ton's Business 
College, Boston. 
He was married 
December 17, 
18S5, to Addie 
Frances Merrill, 
and has a pleas- 
ant home on 
Berry street. Mr. 
Merrill devotes 
his time during 
the racing season 
to the duties of 
a professional 
starting judge. 

Dean A. Perley. 

Mr. Perley was born in Boxford, 
in 1830, and at the age of fourteen went 
to learn the trade of blacksmithing with 
Henry, Topsfield, working seven 
years for board anci clothes. In 1851, 
lie went to California via the Isthmus, 




staying over a year and on returning 
to the east formed a partnership 
with Mr. Long in blacksmithing 
and stabhng. He was married to 
Miss Nancy A. Towne of Boxford 
in 1854 and in 1S63 removed with 
his family to Dan vers, having bought 
a blacksmith shop in i860. The 
original shop was located at the 
back of what is known as the Eagle 
house, the present shop, at the 
corner of School and Franklin 
streets, being built in 1868. Mr. 
Perley has every facility for the 
carrying on of his extensive business 
which includes blacksmithing, horse- 
shoeing, jobbing and carriage re- 
pairing. By strict attention to bus- 
iness and fair dealings with all, he 
has built up a trade recjuiring the 
assistance of five competent me- 
chanics, and customers find their 
work executed in a thoroughly reli- 
able and satisfactory manner. Mr. 
Perley has a comfortable home at 
53 Poplar street where he enjoys 
the cessation from active labor to 
which his success in business enti- 
tles him. Although he has never sought 
an office his interest in municipal affairs 
and the well being of the community 
has been abundantly displayed. He is 
exceedingly genial and popular. 



liii ill lii 

gaacus-.ifc---. ■■■ 


George Barnes & Co. 

George Barnes is a native of London, 
England. He was born in Camberwell 
on the east side in 1864, and at the age 
of thirteen served 
an apprenticeship 
to cigar- making 
with the large 
wholesale house 
of G. & S. Goodes 
in his native city. 
In 1886 he came 
to Boston and be- 
ing a thoroughly 
expert workman 
he soon found 
employment with 
Mr. Isaacs of 
Kimball street, 
where he re- 
m a i n e d over 
twelve m on t h s, 
c o m i n g from 
thence to Dan- 
vers to work for 



Frank H. Crosby. 

The subject of this sketch 
was born in \"armouth, Nova 
Scotia, in i860. He comt-s 
of good old colonial stock, 
his father being Hiram Cros- 
by, well known in the Lower 
Provinces. Mr. ("rosbvcanie 
to ] )anvers and became a 
citizen years ago and there 
is not a more enthusiastic 
American citi/en in the state. 
He established himself in 
the house painting business, 
and from a modest liegin- 
ning he has built up an ex- 
tensive and lucrati\e busi- 
ness, having constantly in 
his employ from six to ten 
journeymen, and in the busy 
season many more. He 
personallv looks after all 
work and it is thoroughly 
well done. He has irre- 
proachal)le taste in the se- 


.A. J. .Stetson, with whom he re- 
mained seven years. Four years 
ago he commenced business for 
himself as a manufacturer of ci- 
gars and has built up a steadily 
increasing trade, his output being 
al)0ut 120,000 cigars a year. His 
special brands are M. & S. in the 
ten cent grade, and 2-604, ^o- 
Ones, Indian Eoy and others of 
the five cent variety. These ci- 
gars are warranted long filler with 
Sumatra wrappers, and only skilled 
hand labor is employed in their 
manufacture. '1 hese goods are 
highly appreciated and meet with 
a ready sale. Mr. Barnes also 
carries a general line of tol)acco, 
pipes and smokers' supplies, to- 
gether with some of the best brands 
of domestic and Key West cigars. 
His store is located on ]\Ia])le 
street and is tastefully fitted up, 
the most scrupulous cleanliness 
being observed. 



lection of harmonious colors; judg- 
ment in the selection of wearing 
qualities in stock used, and scrup- 
ulous attention to the most minute 
details of the work. The result 
cannot fail to be that the buildings 
painted by Crosby are pleasing to 
the eye and the paint much more 
enduring than ordinary work. As 
a business man and as a man in 
private life, Mr. Crosby is worth 

Walter L. Barker. 

Although Mr. Barker has only 
spent three years in Danxers, he 
has been instrumental in building 
up a section of the town where 
formerly existed pastures and un- 
occupied land, and his record of 
twenty dwelling-houses erected 
in nine months shows how thor- 
oughly his work is appreciated. 
He makes a special feature of res- 
idential work and among the 
many contracts he has successfully 
carried out are the residences of 
Mrs. Bowie, W. E. Simpson, George 
Marling, George Scampton, Peter Reid, 
Kufus Scott, James Shaw, three for Willis 
E. Smart, two for C. T. Mosher, eleven 
for \V. F. Putnam, fifteen for himself, 
which he has sold on the instalment plan, 
two for J. Frank Porter, and one each 
for Charles Hall and Harry Hans(jn. 



Mr. Barker is always prepared to furnish 
estimates which are executed with care 
anti accuracy and are based upon an 
extended knowledge of quantities and 
values, the work being personally super- 
vised. Mr. Barker is a native of Fitch- 
burg, where he was born in 1864, gradu- 
ating from the IJeverly High school and 
the Bryant and 
Stratton Commer- 
cial College, Bos- 
ion. He learned 
the trade of a car- 
p e n t e r in his 
father's sho]") at 
lieverly and then 
pursued his avo- 
cation in the prin- 
cipal cities of the 
country as far west 
as Fresno, Califor- 
nia. Upon his 
return to the east 
in 1S87, he en- 
gaged in busuiess 
in Beverly, con- 



tinuing until 1892 when he took up the 
driven-well and windmilU business at 
Wenham, also doing carpentering and 
general jobbing. He established his 
business here in 1896, but continued to 
reside in Beverly until the completion of 
his residence on Trask street in October 
last. Mr. Barker is a member of the 
Order of American Mechanics and of the 
Pilgrim Fathers. 

Thomas E. Dougfherty. 

Thomas E. 
Do u g h e r t y, 
whose pleasant 
home is at 37 
Cherry street, 
was born in Dan- 
vers on June 4, 
184S, in a house 
on Maple street 
where the gram- 
mar school now 
stands. He was 
educated in the 
public schools 
of Danvers and 
also took a 
course in Co- 
mer's Commer- 
cial College, 
Boston, and is a 
graduate of that 
institution. He 
learned the 
trades of shoe 
cutting and pat- 
tern making, and 
has long been 
recognized as an 
expert in this 
line of the shoe manufacturing business. 
He has held the positions of superin- 
tendent and foreman in large factories 
in Lynn, Marblehead and Salem, in Mas- 
sachusetts, and two years in factories in 
the west. He is at present engaged in 
his business in Lynn. 

Mr. Dougherty has always been inter- 
ested in everything pertaining to the in- 
terests of his native town, and has often 
served as moderator at special town 
meetings. In everything for the advance- 


ment and prosperity of the town. Mr. 
Dougherty is an active worker. He is a 
member of several secret and social soci- 
eties, in all of which he is very popular 
and a valuable worker. He is one of 
those energetic, public-spirited citizens, 
who, when there is anything needed to 
be done for the upbuilding of his town, 
is ready with time, work and money to 
help along the cause. It goes without 
saying that such a man is deservedly 
popular with all classes and is a much 
esteemed and valued citizen. 

Frank B. 

Frank B. 
Trask, the Dan- 
vers upholsterer, 
is located at the 
corner of Elm 
and High streets 
at one side of 
the Square. He 
is the son of Al- 
fred and Mary 
Jane (Blackey) 
Trask, and was 
born in Danvers 
on February 1 2, 
1859. He was 
educated in the 
public schools 
of his native 
town and after 
graduating from 
school learned 
the upholstering 
business, later 
engaging in bus- 
iness for himself. 
The excellence of his work has attracted 
much attention from people who recog- 
nize true art in furniture. Mr. Trask's 
patronage is nol confined to Danvers 
but comes from all the nearby towns. 
He is a connoisseur in antique furniture 
and rare old articles and bric-a-brac can 
be found in his storerooms. He is an 
ardent Republican in politics but never 
cared for office for himself, though a 
hard worker for the political candidates 
of his choice. He knows a good horse 

1 86 


when he sees him and he generally 
has one or two speedy ones in his 
stable. Mr. Trask was married on 
November 25, 1893, to Antoinette 
Maud Gammon and has a cosy 
home at the corner of Conant and 
Franklin streets. 

Calvin Putnam, 

Although 84 years old on the 
30th of last May, Calvin Putnam is 
one of the best preserved of the 
older business men of this section 
and his business faculties are as 
acute as ever. For sixty-two yeais 
he has been engaged in building 
and lumber operations and he i> 
still the head of an immense lum- 
ber business at Danversport, where 
the mills, yards and wharves of the 
Calvin Putnam lumber concern are 
located, with railroad connections 
and water privileges which enable 
him to receive and ship lumber from and 
to all points. Mr. Putnam is a native of 
Danvers and he received his education in 
her public schools. After leaving school 
he learned the carpenter trade and there 
are ten or a dozen houses yet standing 
in town which he built more than sixty 
years ago ; and the fact that they are still 
in a good state of preservation and have 



had but few repairs made upon ihem in 
all that time demonstrates the thorough- 
ness of his work and the quality of the 
materials used. Seeing the need of a 
lumber mill, Mr. Putnam built one at 
tidewater at the Port and from this small 
beginning grew the large business which 
he has conducted for so many years and 
in which he is still interested. He was 
for t w e n t y-five 
years the senior 
member of the 
firm of Putnam & 
Pi)l)e, Beverly, 
with a mill and 
large yard there. 
The management 
of the P)everly 
business he gave 
up to a brother- 
in-law and nephew 
some time ago. 
He has been an 
extensive opera- 
tor in lumber in 
Maine and Michi- 
gan for many 
years, and his 
only son, who died 
some years ago, 



was also an extensive dealer 
in black walnut and other 
fine woods in the west, 
with offices in Boston. Mr. 
Putnam, although often 
asked to accept public of- 
lices of trust, generally de- 
clines. He never cared 
for any public position, 
and though he was some- 
times persuaded to acce|)t 
a place on the piudeniial 
committee and similar 
places where men of su])er- 
ior judgu.ent were needed, 
he always steadily refusetl 
to be a candidate for po- 
litical offi'e ; in the same 
way he declined director- 
ates in financial institu- 
tions, though often sought 
for to fill such positions. Mr. 
Putnam at one time i^ar- 
tially retired from the lum- 
her business, but thought 
it advisable to return to 
active management again 
soon after. He is credited 
with having made a large 
fortune from his business, 
and is one of the wealthy 



m e n of 
the town. 
He has a 
home at 
the cor- 
n e r of 
a n d 
s t r e ets. 
His face 
is one of 
the most 
familiar . 
He has 
adopt ed 
but no 
childre n 
of his 
own. Mr. 


Putnam may be seen daily driving about 
town for pleasure or to and from his estab- 
lishment at Danversport, and a stranger 
would not think him to be a man of more 
than sixty-five. He is a handsome old 
gentleman with bright eyes, a cheery 
smile, and a pleasant word for everybody. 
He is an interesting conversationalist and 
a very companionable gentleman. 

Calvin Putnam Lumber Co. 

Over sixty-three years ago Calvin Put- 
nam founded the 


business carried 
on for a number 
of recent years by 
Pope Bros., and 
now by the Cal- 
vin Putnam Lum- 
ber Co. For 
forty-six years Mr. 
Putnam conduct- 
ed it uninterrupt- 
edly, that is, from 
1836 to 1882, 
when the whole- 
sale business was 
sold to Turner & 
Harrington, the 
retail business be- 
ing sold the fol- 
lowing year to 
Pope Bros. In 
1890, the latter 
firm bought out 
Turner and Har- 
rington and con- 
s o 1 i d a t e d the 
whole business 
under their own 
name. I'Metcher 
Pope and Isaac D. Pope are sons of Se- 
lectman Daniel P. Pope, and were both 
born and educated in Danvers. Calvin 
Putnam has immense lumber interests 
in various parts of the country. Fletcher 
Pope has for some years been general 
manager of the Phillips & Rangeley R. R. 
Redington, Maine, and general manager 
of the Redington Lumber Co., and with- 
draws from the lumber firm to give his 
whole attention to those duties. The firm 
has receirtly been reorganized, as Calvin 


Putnam Lumber Company, with officers 
as loUovvs : President, Calvin Putnam ; 
treasurer and manager, Isaac D. Pope ; 
directors, Calvin Putnam, I. D. Pope, W. 
D. Wing. The business is continued at 
the old location, with the able advice and 
experienced assistance of Calvin Putnam, 
the veteran lumber merchant. 

The firm are wholesale and retail deal- 
ers in lumber, and manufacture mouldings, 
flooring, sheathing laths, shingles and 
clapboards, a specialty being made of 
hard wood floors, interior finish and 
mouldings. The 
mills and plant 
cover an area of 
twenty-five acres 
with over five hun- 
dred feet of wharf- 
age accessible to 
vessels of from 
600 to 800 tons. 
There are twelve 
large storehouses 
with a capacity of 
5,000,000 feet of 
lumber, and a 
large and well 
eq u i p ]) e d mill 
with a machinery 
capacity of 30,- 
000 feet of Itnri- 
ber a day. The 
firm handles on 
an average fifteen 
million feetof lum- 
ber yearly, and 
employs thirty 
men. Their trade 
is mostly in this 
State and New 
Hampshire, and 
an office is maintained at 408 Union 
street, Lynn. 


Salem Normal School. 

The normal school system of the Ray 
state is almost without an equal in that 
department of instruction. In the front 
rank of the several institutions of the 
kind under state supervision, where are 
prepared those who, in turn will lead the 
thought of yotith, is the magnificent struc- 


1 89 


ture at the corner of Lafayette street and 
Loring avenue in the city of Salem. 

The first class in the history of the 
school was received in a two-story build- 
ing on Summer street, September, 1S54. 
Dr. Richard I'klwards, the first principal, 
had an administration of three years, 
Prof. Alpheus Crosby having charge for 
the succeeding eight years. Both were 
thorough educators and the school ad- 
vanced rapidly, requiring additional ac- 
commodations in 1S65. In the same 
year. Dr. Daniel B. Hagar accepted the 
principalship, continuing until ill health 
caused his resignation early in 1.S96, fol- 
lowed a short time 
later by his death. 
Ill 1892, upon the 
r e commendation 
of the board of 
visitors, $250,000 
was appropriated 
by the legislature 
for the purchase 
of a lot and the 
construction of a 
suitable building 
Land was i)ur- 
chased early in 
1893 and in the 
fall of the same 
year the building 
work began. The 
dedication oc- 
curred January 
26, 1897, with ap- 

])ropriate exercises and in 
the presence of leading 
instructors and officials. 

The present principal is 
Dr. Walter P. Beckwith. 
The total enrollment since 
the inception of the school 
has been nearly 4500, of 
whom about one-half have 
regularly graduated. Sixty 
teachers have been em- 

The present building is 
located in a most com- 
manding position in the 
southern part of the city. 
It is of buff brick with 
light stone trimmings, and 
has three stories and a basement. The 
main building is 180 feet in length, with 
two wings, each 140 feet long. Every 
convenience is available and the arrange- 
ment is of the best. The sanitation, ven- 
tilation, heating and lighting apparatus 
and general equi])ment lea\e little tj be 

The attendance is largely from Essex 
and Middlesex counties, although several 
states are represented. For admission, a 
high school education or its equivalent is 
re(|uired. The regular course of study 
requires two years, but special or partial 
courses may be taken, as a rule classes 








being admitted only at the beginning of 
the fall term. The faculty numbers 
twelve persons. Most abundantly has 
the Salem Normal School fulfilled its 
mission as conceived at its founding — 
" of reviving and establishing the normal 
method of learning, teaching and living 
in the older portion of the common- 

Walter P. 



In June, 
1896, the cit- 
izens of the 
town of 
A dams 
learned with 
regret of the 
election of 
their highly 
esteemed su- 
p erintendent 
of schools to 
the principal- 
ship of the 
Salem Nor- 
mal school. 
In his nine- 
teen years' 
oversight of 
the education 
of the youth 
of the Berk- 
shire town, 
Mr. Beckvvith 
had become 
a part of the 
local life. The 
sundering of 
these ties seemed inevitable, as the Sa- 
lem position was too attractive to be re- 
fused. All, however, felt a great measure 
of pride in the high honor which had 
been conferred n])on their townsman, 
which has been fully justified during his 
comparatively brief administration of the 
state normal school in Salem. Mr. 
Beckwith was chosen to his present posi- 
tion from among a large list of worthy 
candidates. The school was entering 
upon a new era, a new building, perhaps 

Priiiciiial Salem Norni il School 

the finest of its kind in New England, be- 
ing about to be dedicated, involving ad- 
ditional duties which the opening of extra 
departments must of necessity bring about. 
From the first, the interest of the new 
principal in the school and in the city 
has been deep and sincere. Walter P. 
Beckwith was born at Lempster, N. H., 
Aug. 27, 1850, of English and Scotch 

parentage. In 
early life he 
had only the 
limited edu- 
cational ad- 
vantages of a 
youth in a 
small farming 
c o m munity. 
He spent 
three years as 
a teacher in 
and about his 
native town, 
later attend- 
ing the C'lare- 
mont high 
school for a 
short time 
and graduat- 
ing from the 
Kimball Un- 
ion academy 
at Meriden in 
1 87 1. In his 
college career 
at Tufts he 
was obliged 
to be absent 
a portion of 
the time to 
assist himself 
by teaching, 
one] period comprising an entire year. 
Mr. Beckwith's standing as a student was 
very high and he graduated with honor. 
The position of principal of the Chicopee 
Falls high school was offered and ac- 
cepted, this relation continuing until Jan- 
uary, 1878. During his long residence 
in Adams he had become identified with 
many interests aside from his school du- 
ties. For thirteen years he served as 
chairman of the public library trustees, 
was repeatedly elected moderator of town 



meetings and served upon important com- 
mittees. Mr. Heckwith attends the Uni- 
versalist cliurch, is a member of Starr King 
Lodge, Salem, F. and A. M., member of 
the A. O. U. W., and of the Tufts College 
chapter, Phi Beta Kappa. He was re- 
cently elected president of the Tufts Col- 
lege club, which includes the Tufts gradu- 
ates in and about Boston. He has writ- 
ten largely to various periodicals and is 

Scotch and English — his father's earliest 
ancestor in this country came to Connec- 
ticut in 1636, his mother's to Charlestown, 
Mass., in 1635, and a year or two later 
he was the first person to be taxed in 

Willard J. Hale. 

\\illard J. Hale, register of deeds of 

Register (if l.leeds. 

an effective public speaker. A member 
of numerous educational societies, he has 
been honored by the degrees of A. M.and 
Ph D. on behalf of his alma mater. De- 
cember 23, 1879, Mr. Beckwith was 
united in marriage with Miss Mary L. 
Sayles, a teacher in the Adams pul)lic 
schools. He has one daughter. 

Prof. Beckvvith's ancestry is entirely 

F^ssex county, was appointed to his pres- 
ent responsible position August 31, 1897, 
to succeed the late Chades S. Osgood. 
In the fall of the same year he was the 
nominee of both the leading ]jarties for 
the office and was elected by a practically 
unanimous vote. This is by no means Mr. 
Hale's first experience in jilaces of trust. 
In his native city of Newburyport, where 



he obtained his education, he was 
chosen to the common council in 
1879, serving two years and in 
1881 was made chairman, being 
twice re-elected. As a Republican, 
he represented his district with 
great credit in the lower branch of 
the Legislature of 1885 and in the 
following year went to Colorado 
Springs to engage in real estate 
transactions. Mr. Hale divided 
his time between his western inter- 
ests and the dry goods business at 
Newburyport, in which he has been 
interested for himself since he was 
twenty years of age. He was ap- 
pointed postmaster by President 
Harrison Sept. 19, 1890, and held 
the office for four years. In 1896 
he was one of the delegates to the 
Republican National Convention 
from the sixth Congressional dis- 
trict and was a member of the 
committee which officially notified 
Vice President Hobart of his nom- 
ination. Mr. Hale is president of 
the Board of Trade, a director of 
the First National Bank, also a 
trustee of the Five Cents Savings Bank, 
all ol" Newburyport. Since an early age, 
Mr. Hale has been connected with his 
native city's best interests, and the es- 
teem in which he is held by his towns- 
men and the people of the entire county 
is sufficiently told in the high honors 
which have been conferred upon him. 



Lummus & Parker. 

The oldest grist mill in this section is 
that now operated by Lummus & Parker 
at Danversport. This mill, or a portion 
of it, has been running for more than a 
hundred and fifty years, and is operated 
by tide water on the Crane river. The 
senior member of 
the firm, John 
Lummus, is a na- 
tive of New York 
and he succeeded 
A.W.& J.A.Ham 
in the ownership 
of the mill in 
1874. For a time 
the firm name was 
Lummus & Den- 
nett. About five 
years ago Mr. 
George H. Par- 
ker became a 
p a r t n e r. Mr. 
Parker is a native 
of Tremont, Me. 




Both have faniihes and homes on High 
street. An extensi\"e business in hav and 
grain of all kinds is done l)y the firm, 
extending all over Essex county. The 
mill and storehouses are situated on tide 
water where vessels of ten or twelve feet 
draught can come and in close proximity 
to the Eastern division of the B. & 
M. railroad, af- 
fording unexcelled 
facilities for the 
receipt and ship- 
ping of hay and 
grain. The busi- 
ness has greatly 
increased under 
the present man- 
agement and the 
firm has a wide 
a c ( 1 u a i n t a n c e . 
The gentlemen 
are both popular 
and energetic and 
give excellent ser- 
vices to numerous 

E, Kendall Jenkins. 

E. Kendall Jenkins, the County 
Treasurer, is a son of Captain Ben- 
jamin and Betsey Jenkins, and was 
born in Andover in 1831, receiving 
his education in the public schools 
of that town. In his early man- 
hood Mr. Jenkins engaged in farm- 
ing until 1 86 1, when he enlisted in 
the First Massachusetts Heavy Ar- 
tillery, in which he served for three 
years. In January, 1866, he was 
appointed deputy sheritT by Sheriff 
H. G. Herrick, and in March of 
the same year was chosen town 
clerk, treasurer and collector of his 
native town. Upon being elected 
county treasurer in 1878, he re- 
signed these offices and devoted 
his exclusive attention to the duties 
of his new office. Mr. Jenkins has 
been for a number of years a trus- 
tee of the Public Library at An- 
dover, which was erected to per- 
petuate the memory of the Andover 
soldiers who fell in the Civil War. 
He was one of the first to advocate 
the erection of this handsome l)uilding 
and was one of its charter members. 
Mr. Jenkins is president of the First 
National Bank of Salem, and through- 
out the entire course of his public ca- 
reer has enjoyed the respect and es- 
teem of all, for his unvarying courtesy 
and strict integritv. 



Colonel Samuel A. Johnson. 

The marked popularity of Colonel Samuel 
A. Johnson, Sheriff of Essex County, was at- 
tested in the flattering vote by which he was 
chosen to his present responsible position in 
the fall of 1895. For many years he had 
served as Deputy Sheriff, and upon the retire- 
ment of Sheriff Herrick, Colonel Johnson was 
the eligible successor. He was born in Salem, 
July 31, 1847, and attended the public schools 
of that city until nine years of age, at that time 
removing to Wisconsin. He studied with the 
class of '69 at Beloit College in that state. 
Shortly after Colonel Johnson returned to his 
native city and studied law in the office of Hon. 
William D. Northend ; he was admitted to the 
Essex Bar in September, 187 i, and was associ 
ated with Mr. Northend for about one year. 
The next three years were spent in Lynn, in 
practice with ex-Clerk of Courts Feabody. Col 
Johnson has travelled quite extensively in this 
country and in Europe, residing for some time 


in Colorado in 1869, and 
again in 1876 for the 
benefit of his health. He 
enlisted as a private in 
the Second Corps of Ca- 
dets, April 22, 1874, and 
has served in every office 
in the Corps, being chosen 
to the command upon 
the resignation of Colonel 
John W. Hart. Although 
practically a stranger to 
public functions. Col. 
Johnson's incumbency of 
the sheriff's office has 
been an eminently able 
one, the many problems 
constantly arising in con- 
nection with his multifari- 
ous duties being handled 
with care and discretion. 
Colonel Johnson also acts 
as keeper of the jail at 
Salem and resides in the 
house near the jail on St. 
Peter street. He has at- 
tained high rank in Ma- 
sonry and Odd Fellow- 
ship, and is also a mem- 
' ber of Xaumkeag Tribe 




of Red Men and John Kndicott J.od^e, 
A. O. V. W. 

County Jail, Salem. 

Few, if any institutions are more con- 
spicuous in tlie history of the country 
than is the jaii, located in the City of Sa- 
lem. The contrast, however, between 
the place of restraint of the earlier day 
and the present structure is as great as 
can be imagined. The first jail, built in 
163S, was a mere dwelling and is now a 
part of the house occupied by .\bner 
Goodell. Here were confined a large 
number of persons accused of witchcraft, 
of whom many suffered death. Here, 
also, was made the final deliverance of 
those who had fallen victims to this super- 
stition, Salem leading the way in letting 
in the light upon the witchcraft delusion. 
The older portion of the present jail, lo- 
cated at the corner of St. Peter and Bridge 
streets, was erected in 1813. In 18S5, 
a thorough remodelling occurred and the 
structure was enlarged to its present ca- 
pacity. It is, however, probable that an- 
other enlargement will have to be made 
in the near future. The fine brick resi- 
dence of Sheriff Johnson, who also acts 
as keeper of the jail, is located in close 
proximity and is surrounded by beautiful 
and well kept grounds, in keeping with 
the general atmosphere of neatness and 
order. The jail has every precaution for 
safety and has a capacity of 150 prisoners. 
Those committed here are largely for 
short terms, many for the offence of 
drunkenness, although in the past twelve 
years six have been held on the charge of 
murder, all of whom have been sentenced 
to state prison for life, with the exception 
of one, Alfred Williams, who was exe- 
cuted in the jail on Oct. 7, 1898. The 
prisoners do all the work, such as cook- 
ing, baking, firing the boilers, etc., the 
female inmates making clothing for both 
sexes. The jail serves also as a house of 
correction and in this department some 
sixty-five prisoners are employed in mak- 
ing heels, which are sold to help meet 
the expenses. The jail is conducted most 
economically and, like the others of 
the county, is under the supervision 

of the experienced County Commissioners. 
Danvers Co-operative Bank. 

On Monday evening, August 22, 1892, 
a party of gentlemen met in the insurance 
office of Albert (i. Allen, at No. 8 High 
street, for the purpose of organizing a 
corporation to he known as the 1 )anvers 
Co-Ojierative Bank. 

These gentlemen met in response to a 
call which had been issued, and the fol- 
lowing persons were present : Henry 
Newhall, Fletcher Pope, J. F. Hussey, A. 
(i. Allen, F. O. Staples, Wm. A. Jacobs, 
W'm. A. Woodman, J. A. Melcher, Edwin 
Turner, Jr., E. B. Peabody, Wm. J. Rich- 
ardson, J. Frank Porter, Willis E. Smart, 
Michael H. Barry, Jacob Marston, Wal- 
lace P. Perry, Samuel L. Sawyer, Joseph 
W. Woodman, Daniel N. Crowley, Ed- 
ward E. Woodman, and Daniel Eldredge. 

The meeting was called to order by Dan- 
iel Eldredge, who read the form of agree- 
ment drawn up according to the 117th 
chapter of the Public Statutes, by which 
the name of the corporation should be 
known as the Danvers Co-operative Bank ; 
the place of business to be in the town of 
Danvers ; the limit of its capital stock to 
be $1,000,000, and ultimate value of 
shares to be $200. An organization was 
then effected by the choice of Daniel El- 
dredge as temporary clerk. By-laws 
were adopted and the following officers 
were duly elected by ballot to their re- 
spective offices: President and director, 
Fletcher Pope ; vice president and direc- 
tor, Joseph W. Woodman ; treasurer, sec- 
retary and director, Albert G. Allen ; di- 
rectors, Henry Newhall, Samuel E. Saw- 
yer, F'dward E. Woodman, Wm. A. \Vood- 
man, Wm. A. Jacobs, J. Frank Porter. 

The president assumed the chair and it 
was voted that the corporation begin bus- 
iness Monday, August 29, 1892 ; that the 
first series of shares be hiaiited to $1000 
to non-borrowers and unlimited to bor- 

J. F'rank Porter, Henry Newhall and 
Jos. W. Woodman were elected Security 
Committee and Samuel L. Sawyer and 
Edward E. Woodman were elected Fi- 
nance Committee ; J. P. Colby, W'allace 



P. Perry and Willis E. Smart were elected 

A public meeting of the bank was held 
in the Town Hall, August 29, 1892, when 
there was a large number of citizens in 
attendance. The meeting was called to 
order by Albert G. Allen, who invited 
Samuel L. Sawyer to take charge of the 
meeting. After a few remarks, Mr. Saw- 
yer introduced Mr. Eldredge of Boston, 
who spoke very entertainingly for nearly 
an hour on " Co-operative Banks." 
f Shares w-ere then offered for sale and 
the whole amount of the first series, 1000 

At the present time the bank has as- 
sets of over $70,000. Profits to the 
amount of nearly $10,000 have been de- 
declared. The bank has a surplus of 
over S600, with a guaranty fund of S200, 
and is in a sound and flourishing condi- 
tion. Nearly $60,000 is loaned on real 
estate in Danvers or its immediate vicin- 
ity, all of which is secured by first mort- 
gages. The bank has a membership of 
about 250 and up to the present time has 
had no difficulty in placing all of the 
money it has taken in. On the contrary 
it has been overrun with business and has 


in number, were speedily disposed of- 
The growth of the bank from that time 
until the present has been a steady one. 
The officers of the bank have changed 
but little from the first. In August, 1893, 
Mr. Fletcher Pope resigned as president 
and Samuel L. Sawyer was elected in his 
place. There have been but few changes 
in the Board of Directors, the majority of 
the Board being those originally elected. 
All the officers of the bank are enthusias- 
tic in their work, believing that the insti- 
tution is an object for good in the com- 
munity, and willingly give their services. 

been obliged to decline many loans which 
it would otherwise have taken had it 
had the money. 

The carefulness and wisdom of the se- 
curity committee has been shown when it 
is stated that in the seven years, which is 
the length of time the bank has been in 
business, they have suffered no losses. 
They have been obliged to foreclose on 
but three pieces of property and in 
neither case is it expected will there be 
any loss to the bank. The bank has one 
of the finest offices to be found in the 
state, having recently moved into the 



Henry Newhall ; auditors, Ernest 
J. Powers, Abbott B. Galloupe, 
^\'iIlis H. Kenney ; attorneys, 
Jackson & Jackson. 

President of the I>anvers Co-operative Bank. 

rooms recently vacated by the First Na- 
tional bank and which has been hand- 
somely fitted up for them. The office is 
open every week day from S to i 2 a. m. 
and I to 5 p. M., when there is always 
some one in attendance. 

The present officers of the bank are 
president, Samuel L. Sawyer ; vice 
Joseph W. 
Woodman ; sec- 
retary and treas- 
urer, Albert G. 
Allen ; directors, 
Henry Newhall, 
J. P>ank Porter, 
Marcus C. Pet- 
tingell, William 
A. Jacobs, Sam- 
uel M. Moore, 
William A. 
Woodman ; se- 
curity commit- 
tee, Joseph W. 
Woodman, J. 
Frank Porter, 

Hon, Samuel L, Sawyer. 

Mr. Sawyer was born in Boxford, 
Mass., June 20, 1845, ^i^cl was ed- 
ucated in the public schools of 
that town, the Topsfield academy, 
and the Putnam Free School of 
Newburyport. He has been en- 
gaged in the flour business for the 
last thirty-three years in Boston 
and vicinity, his present business 
address being Danvers. He is a 
member of the Boston Chamber 
of Commerce. He has resided in 
Danvers since 1869; built the 
house where he now resides, on 
Lindall hill, in 1S74. He is one 
of the executive committee of the 
Danvers Historical society, vice 
president of the Danvers Improve- 
ment society, president of the 
Danvers Co-operative bank, has 
served as chairman of the Repub- 
lican Town committee, and repre- 
sented the town of Danvers in the Mas- 
sachusetts Legislature in 189 1, serving on 
the Public Charitable Institutions com- 
mittee as clerk, re-elected in 1892, serv- 
ing on the same committee, and chair- 
man of the Committee on Election, was 
elected in 1893 to represent the Fifth 
Essex Senatorial district in the Massachu- 



setts Senate ; was chairman of the com- 
mittee oil PubUc Charitable Institutions 
and served on the Committees on En- 
grossed Bills and Public Service ; re-elec- 
ted in 1S94, and served as chairman of 
the Committee on Street Railways, and 
on the Committees on Engrossed Rills 
and Parishes and Religious Societies ; is 
a past master of Mosaic Lodge, F. & A. 
M., past district deputy grand master, past 
high priest of 
Holten Chapter 
of Royal Arch 
Masons and 
member of Wins- 
low Lewis Com- 
mand ery, senior 
past regent of 
Arcadian Coun- 
cil, R. A., mem- 
ber of the A. 0. 
U. W. and G. A. 
R. and Old Salem 
Chapter, S. A. 
R. ; he is secre- 
tary and treas- 
urer of the Essex 
Club of Essex 
County, a Repub- 
lican club of 430 
members. He is 
a thoroughly con- 
scientious and 
progressive busi- 
ness man. 

Glove Co. 

A. G. 
Secretary and Treasurer 

One of the most extensive and im- 
portant of the new industries in town is 
that of the Massachusetts Glove Co , in 
the Calvin Putnam factory on Majile 
street, which has been fully fitted up for 
this concern's excellent ami rapidly grow- 
ing business. Frederick W. Rowles is 
president ; Horace O. Southwick, treas- 
urer and manager; Walter }. P>udgell, 
Philip S. Abbott, H. O. Southwick and 
F. W, Rowles, directors. 

Mr. Rowles is of a family of glove 
manufacturers who have been doing busi- 
ness for over forty years, and he is per- 
fectly familiar with every branch of the 

industry, while the other gentlemen are 
practical, reliable business men, with 
experience in leather working and inci- 
dental features of the l>usiness. All grades 
of medium and fine ladies' and gentle- 
men's gloves are manufactured in the 
finest possible manner for the best class 
of trade in the country, and such a high 
state of perfection of material and finish 
is being ac(|uired that this firm will short- 
ly have no com- 
petitors to fear 
on either side of 
the ocean. Much 
of the stuck is 
imported direct 
from A r a b i a , 
France and Ger- 
many, and pre- 
pared in the 
finest manner for 
this company. 
The most skilled 
labor is employed 
and every mod- 
ern convenience 
and facility is 
had for the pro- 
duction of the 
best goods that 
can be made. 

The Church of 

The Church of 
God was organ- 
ized Jan. I, 1899, 
under Rev. Chas. 


Danvers Co-operative Hank. 

E. T^odge. Mr. Dodge was formerly of 
Worcester. Ma'^sachusetts. He came to 
Danvers in ^Larch, 1898, engaged in 
evanoeli^tic labors under the Massachu- 
setts Baptist Sunday School Association. 
After an absence of two months he re- 
turned June 5, 189S, and took up a per- 
manent work, services being held in Es- 
sex l)lock, cor. Elm and Essex streets. In 
October, 1898, Mr. Dodge withdrew from 
the Baptist denomination, and in January 
organized an independent church. 

Vhe characteristic of the new organi- 
zation is its Uelief in a literal obedience 
to the Scriptures as the Word of God. 


They hold the doctrines of justification 
by faith, sanctificalion by the Spirit, heal- 
ing for the body. No collections or sub- 
scriptions are ever 
taken. None of the 
officers, including pas- 
tor, receive any salary. 
The church and pastor 
are supported solely 
by free will offerings. 
Branchesof this church 
are in Salem and Wake- 

William H. Crosby. 

William H. Crosby 
is the proprietor of 
the only undertaking 
establishment in Dan- 
vers. He was born 
in Yarmouth, N. S., 
on June 24, 1S72, 
and is the son of 
Hiram L. and Cath- 
erine P. Crosby. Mr. 
Crosby came to Dan- 
vers when a boy and 
fur five years was in 
the employ of (ieorge A. Waitt, who was 
the only undertaker here for years. On 
the retirement of Mr. Waitt, four years 

modest and unostentatious manner, his 
kindness of heart and his strict integ- 
rity. His undertakini; rooms are at 8 
High street, and his 
home is on Conant 
street. He was mar- 
ried on October 8, 
1896, to Miss Chris- 
tina M. Mackenzie. 


Guide to Principal 
Points of Interest. 

Approaching Dan- 
versport from Salem, 
just before reaching 
the Danvers line, is 
the Jacol)S House ; 
back of this house is 
seen Folly Hill. Con- 
tinuing along the main 
road a bridge soon 
spans Waters river, 
just a little beyond, 
upon the left, the 
Keed-Porter House, 
and after crossing the 
Crane river, to the 
south of the railroad 
station, and opposite the bend in the 
street railway, is the site of the Home of 
Col. Israel Hutchinson. At the next 

U:UO ^v 

i^yiiiii 1^ 

-I — ——fir 


ago Mr Crosby succeeded to the busi- abrupt turn into High street will be seeti 
ne.s, and has continued it since. He has the Baptist Church ; a little above and 
won the esteem of many people by his on the right hand side of High street is 


the Annunciation Church ; quite a little 
distance above, in from the street, is the 
Unitarian Church ; while not far beyond, 
and upon the same side, is the Univer- 
silist Church. Next, Danvers Square, 
upon which is the Old Berry Tavern, and 
on Elm street, facing High street, the 
Page House. 

Continuing up Elm street, at the East- 
ern division station are three streets, the 
extreme left being Old Ipswich Road 
(Ash street). Bearing to the extreme 
right, going up Holten street, the Episco- 
pal Church upon the right is passed, and 
only a short distance beyond and upon 
the same side, the Judge Putnam House. 
Crossing the railroad the Methodist 

the cemetery containing the Nurse Mon- 
ument and Tablets. 

At Danversport, on Endicott street, 
from the bridge over the railroad can be 
seen Crane River and Endecott Burying 
Ground. Continuing up the street the 
Endecott House is in plain view, and op- 
posite, the Endecott grant, and upon the 
same, in the direction of the water, the 
Endecott Pear Tree. 

Near the junction of Hobart and For- 
est streets is the site of the First Church. 
On Forest street is the Ambrose Hutchin- 
son house. On IngersoU street is the 
Ingersoll-Peabody or Ex-Secretary Endi- 
cott House. 


Church is soon seen upon the left ; (luite 
a little distance beyond, and where the 
road turns from Holten into Centre 
street, is the Judge Holten House. Pass- 
ing up Centre street the Haines House 
and First Church and Parsonage are seen 
ui)on the right. I'pon the same side, a 
little beyond, the ^Vads worth House, and 
soon the Training Place, with the Bowlder 
upon one end or side, and at the other 
end the Old Upton Tavern. Just beyond 
the terminus of the street railway the 
second house upon the left is the Birth- 
place of Col. Israel Hutchinson. 

Passing down Pine street from Tap- 
leyville, upon the right are situated 
the Townsend Bishop-Nurse House and 

Leaving Centre street at Dayton street, 
traversing this street quite a distance, 
will be found the Ann Putnam House. 

Near Danvers Square, on INIaple street, 
is the Maple Street Church. On Putnam 
street is the Advent Church. ^^■illard 
Hall is on Maple, near Poplar. 

The Danvers Lunatic Hospital is at 
Asylum Station. The Jesse Putnam 
House and Gen. Israel Putnam Birthplace 
are between Ferncroft and Asylum Sta- 

On Summer street is Oak Kr.oll ; just 
beyond, on Spring street, St. John's 
Normal College, and not far beyond is the 
Prince House. 

»^i-' b i^'js