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Full text of "Daughters of America;"

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, _-,- - I.I \ it i:ax'f!oiij 



"^ 





THE WOMEN OF FUTUEE CENTUEIES 

or TDE 

ITED STATES OF .VMZRIOA 
TU13 kzcoud or maztt women or the risar asd second ciTfTuitiES 

WHOA LITTa TXftB riXL OF [' 9E FL' LN t M , 
AJ4I> TBEBEFOEl W01TD1 OT REXO^'^ K:*P LUETATIOV, 

£0 noh) EnacxibrO. 




PREFACE. 



Aaauoi lu« b(«D richly blessed Ui lu wannfia, u wri. m 
lt» io», cC pittrloUtiA, tauUlgeoM, Q*riblEMn, ud monl 
wonh. Iiwl^^d, ii bM b«M « iCArTfll to Amtj in the Old 
World, thai the womti of the Kcw have bcoo in mao^ 
to Iboroujhlj oaltux«d. va adtniraMj dci^l^icd 
llj ftail LDtelIeciiial1y« unki lo niicb lli:tl was sew iwid 
cntd« io Aoct^ty, ikod in ■ rNadoci vrtik-b iho 
gf £iirope«Q aAliou liavc nvrer et>j<ijF«c{, »nd oT 
which those of Aabtlc p«o|)1bs ncTcr dreuDed. A cuJuufd 
CfariBUan wonun of Enghnh li^tth and educftUoD) but novr 
tD % kurelj 8(!otUi>i boiD«, vn>i« to ihe wt1I«t of ihls vol«ni«, 
lluU, wlMft Ttsltio^ Ara»ri«», thtt trhich she noA «t|oy«d 
*^v«i tba «(Xiie of frwdomt" — ft fVccdotn which hM b«cii tbc 
Eh prlnlege of (he iroDCD of ow Bnl century* »nd irUl 
jvt lAonr t}|p pWriOM hflriu^ of tho vronWD of th* MwufKl, 
m Ihn dpcatvl I>uli to g&rwmd from !li« |>roenb<vlit(M«oin. 
" It tfOcoMd Uk me,*' vT«t« Uio litd/ Above tncfitioEMd, ** tlijil 
bj' Uiftt Amdoa i TU UfUd up to * UrfTor ft»d divio^r tif6, 
Aftd A t«mter &d<1 »vcf eat expectftUon or gloriouA pOMibiU- 
Ua fbr oar rnet^ an-J eipeoiaUj fbr wooson." And thli 
iMord of tiie tMtFto vkI tiiacfEil tLvc* of laujr voqmd In out 
WoBtl IftJid dtuinje the ccotm7 of Anortcoo indcpcodepce., 
vlS iifon* ^hmU tboo^ eodcty ui^t b« la nu lr3f>rrf«ct 



PBSTACS. 



frntlom, a tn>r Ijbrrty, wlikb Is iimlor bolj laiw. 

Tho ccbWanial of Amcrlofto «xJsUftc* oajkDOt prcporlj t)# 
obMTVcd vritbovi & refDrtnc^'to fto kosicd, im vrcU m to Itt 
acii' OUicf p«iu tsAjr wriu «^tteciltj of iU pfttriotr, 1t« 
jir«tiU>rs, it« wunion, ita pTDtosionul vtd Utvrtrj iimI 
Mber men in pUlrllc liA^, nbo linTfl lull tlirtr nurk upon Um 
eentor}-, ud woo tbo vorlrj'a booora And Uio Tpvc* oT tte 
food Md wiM ; but Uic ^1^ of UJb iinprct«<Dtioc« rccoM 
vUlbe obttiuluaUj ftAllnCeil tt aha tnav biit io prtscnt iIm 
tmUi ftbout Atncdcut woaea u ao protfi " b«li)r« ill hnaX 
tnd tb« •UD," Uttt Ui« oiiUoQ to tndotttffd Cor lu growth 
tod proapierity u s people, ui<l for xiM pcwkl iMMfltton 
taofig the &Atk»>of Um Mrth^ to fta womea u weU u to 
ItoMtt. 

The vomea nbo liiTe wrooght quietly to Cbdr hoawi ii« 
not fbrgoU«B or IgOOTodi whLlo tboM wba rta mort prooil- 
Mot Art tMfcin approrcd \ bat t^c record woold £11 too lAige 
ft ToUuMi wcrt not Uio oitubur of tiMO oicotiCEHHl lUiul«d. 
Bub trae llf(*t iihrthi.'f paMic or private, pblcli «iiy nODjflft 
of tlio cmtQrj has li('«)« go<w to nmke up tlie clun.ctor and 
glory of too UekI a^d ibo >ge ^ tml erw; blgti »oq1 ntJoloM 
to Uic vrlfiirv of kor tiaiivt land, nbotlMff ^cr BttBO bfl Ibund 
OD thA MToU of lU toKions womai. or oot, 

Tho wMluir het^hj ^xxtoA* htt bonrty lluuilu Ui mQ tkata 
ivbo hftT« anbtoL in uf wue* La the pTOpAralioft of tbu book. 
Vaj tbb r«corl bctp to Imprau ;ipou Um neu and «0<ueci of 
iho faiora a wou of Uw oUipitiaa wbicU Uib oatiou U undor, 
uwl (1» niipaci and lufior vlikb llu world gv«B, ui Uie wouie* 
of du Sm Ammlima eaiuarjr T 

P. A,a 



I'KEFATOBY NOTE. 



Woota »Lo war* |jft-DUQ«Qi m tb« drtt outo;/ of o«r Hqwb* 
tlflr bat alflo Okiuif <ilb«n vhMc biitlkJAj out bo ia tho flnl^ 
bv vLoM l^bor* mjv uoiv iDAkt»s lEo pcoand oeutufj slorioui* 
tlo ironen uf Uw finl unJ Mcood oeiiiuri<i o£ our ulioo'* 
IU» ffilf lurtfmv tm uiAUfrMgod u the shftjian ot iU kiEtj 
IflB aod isanvlou* Ulum^lia id vorj muj dlrMiou 
«n «tid il» FMpon ■boll rejoMs (ogMbc*. 



CONTENTS. 



WOUEN or TttE etSTPBT. 

naailiiilUB — Wos«a of Ur^L — Bohab MaItoul — Aib*- 

Oulir.— TTtwoM of AiU. E«r?f«, Africa Aoierlca, ftod lb* 

Wid«v Sior^,— TW l1l<Tt«i UMbam.-PMlto Vs-WsilAr - 

y- ^^^ ,^ "-'r-' "Tr "TTT"" " T 

VffUiCiw, . tt 

nUlTCIt II 

WauAo, AUffiD A4Uma.~Al^LUidBt^Ui Wqwbji^* L«il«r.— 

Wmmo. - Anh nufc^k -'UuU llichof. -TU Conoirr QUL 
fliP W Vnnviu A& ... . . • . >^ > Ift 

CHAPTEB m. 

>MbaJ Jkvkfo*^ — llAnu«h Vn Duvk. — Aada HvtUuiu — 
IdtKU CLfMlu Tirl"- — -^'^ ■^■tOmt 7j Ur. — SvHb JMk, — 

-Uv7 To^ Umbi, - KliA Je^am. - Jull- OruL — I^ej 
V. Hbji* —r.trrfdAlLGvr^vIA — EHkL. Anbor 4A 



10 



oOHTurra. 



caA^TEB tr. 



»M,|CD,— Aim^llf* Vui Kir«& — AhfCKll FUllaAn - IIUTlM 
fjTfft n — 'T """^ — - ^'-^'^' ^^ >*->-fc^ Ijntij^tca 

Data WlaUivp, 4EO. M 

CfiAFTdt V. 

HskHajpaa — UmrKVttl FrlAt — Utfy t«dj«hl — Kftta 
ll4aN— 1il» Uirl* --K«th»r ivmri iVM^itnd JrrtniL-. 
Jttnli lltjAjuaiL <- UaVTU (SrmhuiL — Twrpbim O. IMVuin.v 
I^ikMATUCbUiL — tUrifl Chapmaa aiU oit«r Antt-atovcff 
V«nM, * Cbvttj [toiliuui. — lMn>ih*K U IMa. — CBVK 
BHt««.ito 

CllAmK TL 
Ttaoban flMMC ^^ Fwiiiain- * Banls Wtii, Vwib a»d 



cu4i-ncB rii 



UTvm^4«T vni 



^^aak J. IU>fl->r^inr«l JTmUar ITOwlL -A«Mliw 0. £ 
VUlK*/. — IIvHaI Bioilwr Suv*, — FMiiM* Dana G^i.* 

aidkwa«. m 

CUAITEU Via 



JaltoVtttI Utfwa. — I^4I« n. Acniinc/. — Kftr4l«Ui Ak«ift Alloa. 
CBAJTBB DL 



Itacia Vlka>«a. — Gr«D* Aba* UwU-ava^ Sackvit 

— Aaa Mails Jta4Jt«ld, — l^iila r r««Ur. — BUnb«& 
^ABlataMU DrovD lUackwvU. aul olljBf 



IS 



C0KTBNT8. 



CUAI-TBB XrtL 



ri«i 



vooonr &» uauunuk Acrav. U* nvrnm- 

LoaM Wociilv«;tb r4M.-Aftn« Con Mowm lUlcUi. — & 
KuBA OcmaU. — AADft ttuhlmi Diabl Hi 

CaAJTKB XTin. 

irtMUT D pmra* 

Ba1»«« Thf rnt — ffnfmin iJTflcbt^ — Cmllr Riygll — Bmim 
SIbK- — WgmBQ ■• KaUll T^Bdivx — &B« luft- WiiDMm — Vomtt 
ta rco^Ofllev- — Woman H Totecntbon- ~ Woown la UvliV 
— W<HMQ Qadtih — TfesAnajof Vvtkon lb U««i> 
d rieauftM . HI 



GBAFTfiR inL 
«mir or Mtrrn. 

fh* OMKA GlA. - lb* fthvr. - WoMM*a t^OftrlM ^ad Eann^ 
llosK. — Ur*«UtNi Mov^ If/ AL-tiiicM ... . flU 

OUAFnSR XXL 

OBAFTRR XXn. 
Tonui JDmirjuiTf. 

RSvlnlMlni, — AiiifMni«n«r. ftn-tc4b«n , . . . tn 

CIIAfTXn XXIIL 



n^ Mhmm FluUh-ftvRli OoAd^jd. - Umty KbOwIm Oat- 
4u*t-l'»4«p« tUsca- A*o<iA A. 1Um«.-Am« X 



fO 



vnuKsi nr THu chintiibt* 



unuiid fiift BOiu mti IiIh dttughi^m ktike Ui« ftlmightj 
Fathis' |iUcH Uk) ttno of hin prottfutlng lorft. Ho hi* 
gtvefi them vttiitd labori^ but tbo sunc cftpadliM for 
imclJectuAl, aociiU, &nd iDonU luJvanccnie&ti OKch In tlie 
vnty Lyiloni^iix^ to cbo iDdiTi<lu«l ui ft unit in tliC pro&t 
ftuni iif buitiAaitv'. He ba* gircn to iMiithcr power or«r 
the other. Muko was bot modo suibjact to womftD, nor^ 
«houl<t wonuo he vubjcct to mMn. KoitLor iii0d'« righU 
oor women's rif;btA eJiould bo oofiEldered, bat human 
nghu, — tlx) ngbts of each, tlie Hghu of ftlL Mvn. 
Ai)<t vomeD ri&« nr fal) iogoth«r. HiiitoT}' show* tbat 
DO DtUoa cui vnjtlaTo iu womeOf but it liuarM itn own 
bnritftrintiL In [iropcntioa &§ aooiety ^wioea hx oul*^ 
ture, women ar« freed frotn an tmhol; tynnnyt msA ia 
tiivt rigbtttHiA &««doin lire ftble lo do muoh for tfao, 
■urld*s a«IvaDG«ni«D(. Bver^ dTiUxed oaJioa owes? 
miicb to iLi women. Aod tlte htudent of buAor^ oloui/" 
l>erc«iTe» that the adv&ncciacut of ODjr aatiou b marked 
bjr tbfl progTtoa of it« womeof and tberefore looialt 
liteiarr, aad profawODal Ufo m AmftHca ina;r be dearlj 
axhibited bj a fair «tat«inent of tbe obar*ctciiaticab, 
laboia. mod auoccceee of the women who hare beeoaa' 
ID any way notable dtuing tho oontnxy wbiob limits tha 
hbiory of tie Uuiud Statea. The new ooatury opana 
vitb brilliani prt»pects from the lai^ nnmbor of iti 
women «tU] living who ara aeUva in good worki and 
no1it« refoTTDs, giving £ur tpdngtimo procniae of tba 
crnming uenum^ia in which a glrinuiut harreat aludl ba 
garitercd. wlule women and the nee adranoe towards 
Ugti monU, intrHcctuat, and evoa pby«ical ileffllopoMmt* 
But before ajiiealdiEg parllcularlj, and al Home leogtb» 
OD&OQinuQg the women of tho flrnt United Statee oect* 
ttuy, a few prelimiuiiry atatementa. iUuatratvd by 
btatodo fiMta. may be made witii proflU Wa cannot 



▼OME» OF TBB OEarrUKT. 



and tbinkoTton tbo5Tib}oci to be of finer naUmi tboa 
those wLioh are imtely mascnllDo ; at least the oatunUf 
kind dbporitioD of the vomnc heart hu beta eoii.n«t- 
ed tritK th^t of the ouaouIiDei someCimea, aod wiUi 
f^^eming ju>;tioe, to the eli0|Mrtgom«nt of the Utter. 
Odo vdutT llndd a signal Illustratloa of thb in ''the 
oooduct disputed hj vomao on the occasion of the 
great tngedj^ of CaJrary. He fiuj*, aiid traly tf tb« 
record tA oomplele and r«lbb1e, '* Men ilIoiw ulamond 
fiv JwuK* liTu: ttQ vomaii*3i yoJo>a, iIiadV 0<u1, wae 
beard iu the clanor. A mao betroytd lum. and far a 
TtTj gfOH, material conxidcnition. A man condemned 
kirn to death; tbe maQ*e wife, iti greater |iity, begged 
to have bU life eparod. &lea hcoitlcastjr deserted bim 
io the hour of hia trial. Of hb oboeea fricnda and 
diedplee* the men, in a cowardly manDcr, ihd airay and 
left him in tlie bandfl of hie deattoyen. Wotnaa fol- 
lowed him, abedding tears of ajmpaULy aod pity. 
Weman alone preciod her vay through that Eouiderotts 
crowd to the very foot of the croes, and there poured 
out her prayen and t«us in behalf of the -vrorld'o 
dyittg mar^. WomaQ eubabned hia predoos body. 
Woman fint greetinl Mm when ho had hurat the bonde 
of death, and Lnnraj^ed ov^r t}io grare. Woman wa« 
fini GORimiMioncd to go and piocLaim tha glad tiding! 
of hia reaunectioa. And woman u>-day alanda fimt and 
foitiDoet in hor Moatcr a woik, — Uie tnioel dLnoiple and 
beet i«pre»enutirc of hie divine life tbe world aifctd^." ' 
Thif may eecm a eomcwhat extraTaf^aut statement te 
eome. It id ecrtainly eulogiriio of woman; but what 
eulogy can surpaas the Madter'a ^ Well done,'' wlioh 
taen and women may both rccciTc* if alike fiiiUifiil to 
the catU of du'.y and the Toice of on eidi^liUned ood 



M 



WOMBH Oir TBk CKMTUItT. 



olankln}; cliAloa of tbe captive lie beard In tli* l&nil no 
aniTfl forovor. Tho FCj^Told. tlio almT^-pou, uul the 
irh]p|urkg*|ic*l wll] lie iviDeinb«^vd aaljr ah rftlicn or 
An animal Ago. NftTies will bo IutumI into flIupA of 
«ouiim:tc«, ftjhl tb« implements of dc»Ui bo bofttcn into 
tli^ unplomeiiu of life, * NaUon will not lilt np sword 
aguiuft nnUon : udUior will thoy loarn wmr ftoj- more.' '* 

But th6 witlior tbuA <|Uoted ii not the ool^ whler 
wbo bean l^fllimobj to tho groat misdon of woconnt tho 
d»u|;ht«r of tb« Lord Almij^ht^r. Un. Sufth J> lJal(>, in 
her admimbU book, '* Woman *e Record," BS^i, ** Woaon 
U Ood*« apf^ointed Ag«nt of moratityt the totoher and 
insplrer of thoaa f^elinga and aentiment* vhkb otq 
urniMl lii« rirluei uf bumonity; onJ the pfogrftm uT 
lb««e vimiefit and the permanent iinproveomit of our 
moe. ilrpflml on the nwnncr in which hmi mamati i» 
treaUHl by umn." 

Ax (i%r luck in human tradition or buanrj' m« the 
Garden of Cden, we find that the mother Dj>iriti of that 
era hud the ooknowlcdgment of her woman's mbnioD 
in the itSonoaA proraue tbat "the seed of tlie woman 
ebould briiU^i Uic urpont's htyiA,'* Tracing the path 
of Scrtptujo record, wo Und tho wumon of Ifmet oftcin 
the ehoecn uwlrumenlA of QftA to tea«h and to exhort 
that peopU. l>eborali, die propheteM and Judge, 
eclected for heiwlf th« dweet iJwl t«nder tjtle of 
» Mothi^ in Urmel/' licautirul in cbuwirter, noble fn 
life. " her gi:>(dutt w&a superioi to any recorded in tlie 
hiwlOTjr of thM lIMirewH, from MrueA lo Dhvid. nii initfr* 
tol of moi^ than four hundrtd years : and 8criptura] 
onminrnCiUWH hure nTimrkril tluit Dnbnmh nlnne, 
oU the ruli^n of Ur.iitl, hn* &ice|Md miTEpnived by 
prophete and uA]nred htatonano." ' Of tho fatnUi4r 

> Hf^ Hat*** WoBiAa^* flat— d. 



vrounn or trr csivTirBy. 



AmoDg the Orcckft, women as veM biiMn irere Rid 
ioitt4»d to lUe sacied fuDcUons of tbc p ri eaUiow l . aod 
tbo iirietitaaMd wete usually unmamod. TlMse Atben- 
iaa Tirgias vere ^chooefi from tbo moat ticUo fonoiltiOB. 
ftnd carrwd the diMiacUro cmblcins of tbe dmtj to. 
wlxwo Ktonoc they vcro dcvoCod, TlioAe of Minem 
wen dad in tlie armor of tliat s^ddcM, vitb tli« <ryi«, 
tbo cuintfifi) and tho lioltnot; tlto prioeCosi cf Conn car- 
riod in hor hand a sauU ahoaf of coni/'* 

Tho wOiD«ii of Sp«rU tti« ftlvajB aaaatiooed u l>efo- 
Inea : they were educated iHth their brotherf, uid v«rt 
tccattomtd to hudchip^, Bud tho grefttcst virtoe th«7 
cultivated vas that of parrlotixai. 

The fioldwi of Spartn vb£ exceptioiully brave, b^ 
cauohohad Biihozoio motliorMvalluafeariaai&tber. 
A SpartftD iBOther« at htstor; aasuroft iu« when T«ai:hiii^ 
hitabMid to a bqd u ho wiu about to deport tor the 
Geld of deadly strife, said to him* in wocds thai hava 
bcooiae fiumliarto all as traDslatod from the language 
of Sparta, "With it or upon It;" that is, " Return as a 
oonqneror or a corpaoi" for death vas prefetaUe to cow* 
afdioe. And oti another ocoaskm, a Spartan mothoc 
aaid to hor eon, wt>o complained that hia tword wsa too 
short, "Add a ttop to it;" in other words, **De bravv 
enough to get 80 much nearer to the enemy, and 
aouiage and lAxXk decide la the oontesU" 

" AfiGT the dtsaatioufi battle of Lcucrota, in whi 
tlte SpiLrtiuu had been oonqneredt in a manner 
honorable to their own oocitage and diadplino, by the 
mperior geniui and the novel tactics of Bpam&nondu, 
many of the Tanqcuiihnl, mlher than footUhly weete 
their liTBe, rloUt«d the nulltarjr ralee; buL, when they 
returned t4> thctr homes, the women would aooept no 

* ClenU&d'i AjitkjuhkK 






18 



WOHXN <ff THB CCMTURT. 



' to Um 
enbjifl 



biglt clianc£«r, nci-ompli^fc] Ore«kA uiil ngM Roi 

6t U> nU« wiib Pcricleat or worthy to suStr with BniUu. 

Sot tho diffcroaco id dcAr ond sinking : tfaere ttm no 

DOKMA. 

*' Thoro could oot horo Ikod odo : tho Tirtaea or DorcM 
wen tiOX tboee irbich fofmcd the Poctu ideal i ftod. 4l 
Uw tim« when fliio lived, that idoal wma dr«tdy st tbiog 
of the put, Wb«n tho tot dawn of ChrUUuiUy ap- 
pMrw), tho fnith of the ftDcieata had boflo failing th«m 
forieTttal agea. Eplcurim, saperstilioD, and a mond 
deftruvity too deep to bear record, held avray over th« 
anbjectA of tbe wide emj^re; until vnddeiilj' a Mcroi 
tnurmurt welcome aa the glad lidiDga of liberty to the 
UIbd, uom a^d apread fioin JeruAlom to Rome. 

** To the capricious tyranny of tbe emponm, 
alareiy of thoQaanda of buaiaD bcia^ bo the 
tion of tnany natiooa to ooe nation, ChHstianity opposed 
tbe eqoall^ of all before Qod, the epirittiel freedom of 
whJeb tio bonds ceo deprive the aoul, and the futirenal 
brotherhoo<i of men- The evils were aot removed, but 
the pntioiplca by which they wcco to perish hitd awak- 
ened. The 'good tidiugv' were totd to the lowly and 
tbe great, to tbe opprea«ed and the free, in tiu) lo&rkot- 
plaoe aod by the ho<a«ehold hearth. There the? reached 
woman, — woman, alternately tbe toy or drudge of man, 
whom only birth, beauty, or genliia could rviae 1o 
eqii&lii^ ; who, to be aometfaiog, mtiat be tbe dnnghter, 
wife, or mother of an iHoKtHoufi oitiuni, and wbe 
eeemed destined never to know the tnonl dignity of 
tnclividiial worth. 

** Chnwtianity at fir^t appearerl to ohauge little in tfil 
oondltioQ of woman. It u>ld them in anjttoro prcoepEa 
to obey their buabuida, to dwell at home, to mind 
bonaehold dutiee* and to leave the great aima of life 



w 



VOMJUI OV TU£ CKSTCnT. 



•ouIb 1 ihtj stifferod as suoh both vorUuly and irill inf^f* 
Tbo Kljiium of tho &ad«Dtft vts ttio boi&« of bctOM ? 
the bearea of IIlq Chri&UaD vts opened to tbe meaiiMt 
■laro. Tbo Dinr faith showed no &vor of sox in EU 
nwards ; and the oId< aa if hnoviog this, mftde do es* 
cqrlion in iu crucUj- From tbo dajr« whoo K«ra ratM^d 
ihe firit general p€n^oulioll agaiiiat tb« Cfanrcb, and Ul 
np tJw QVvniDg skj nf It>iiie with tJio fires in whkfa 
Climliatia vrv.n h1i>wl/ roruunied. wtinimi ?hiir«d all tlio 
tonaentA and beroiam of the mutjn. ... It aboired 
TCiy forcibly tb« ffpirit of tbo Dew reUi^OQ, tbat to 
«romea waa cbklly intriuted ibe pracdco of ita puriij' 
and cWitj', in their sevcrcttt and mo»t eitciuive 
moAiuxig.*' ' 

Whcrt'vcT the pcinciplw of tree ChriatiiLm^ pnTiil* 
iiL any coudU>\ either with tiibes or iDdividuals, tb«ro 
la Man tbo progntM of cultiirer civilixittioiit and tbo co^ 
dition of vomao* Coctna the wcm«n of the variooa 
parta of tho vorid todny, and iho condition of tboi* Ea 
ABia«^toj^ or »er& a^ thaj are. In Africa tbo iaioe,— 
iritb U>OKQ in l->iimp« and Amertcn, whn aro Uught in 
ibe prlueiplaft uf tJio g<)(»i>e1, and live under anins flag 
which pro t«ctA tlidr dearest intemte* A«ia has oona 
bright Rpola ; hut Ute wrj nbrnlion of TUDdoAtan*Chiiia« 
iapAn. atid the i^anda of tbo Indian Ocean, biingv to 
miml the nc«d of Cbrbtian tcachen, and tbo ■df'dony* 
tig labon of icodpel mbttionane*, abowing at odoo tbo 
frmnt of something to otcvato both .man and vomaa^ 
Airica bad oxilj h^ns and tboro a spot irhero the lijEbt 
of tbo truth ]m» mado ghul human bciLiUi: und miuiy 
a Chrutkn t«^oh«r la needed to follow in the footetofia 
of Muiigi) Piirk and Living^toao, of Stanley and Bayaid 
Taylor, before iha land of the Nile will show a place of 
miltnro uid ndvancement Cor woman. 



* WMMaal ChilMlAhlir. br J«IUK*Tfta«(lL 




es 



woMuf or Tim cRBTcmT. 



AomHc^ lie renaarlc^ Uut, if he were required to point 
out the catiM nf Ujo voDiljrrfiil nxlvnrico in [wosperitjr 
and olvilhatiim of die AttieriGaii |>off|ile^ be ftlvmld replj 
• It WHS the eiiporior (ibontctcr of tlicir womm/ " * 

Tberv Itftve btwti Ami^ncau Ii«*roJriirM ivliii vem Dol 
proporij the wocoeo of tLo Uoite-l Stales. w!n»e naiD«t 
b^TO beeii hotiorcHl, and irbono dc«dfl vrtit vorlLjr of 
tbathoiior. If UomftQ ntatioiu uo loentiontTdt Indiu 
iromcn should not be for^Ucu ; for ibo nbim^cd of 
Americs bad tomcihing to do vitU UkO cart^ hi^toty of a 
pccplo tiM ha* ntponiedod ttkem, U»id«a gnxtting tL«Ri 
vttb tbd tofaahawk or tli« |^pe of pea<)&. Ooe ladtao 
^roman ia held In honor, — Pocahontas the dAughtor of 
Powhatan, the Indian chief In Virf^inU; bom aboat 
1594, and dyixig in Eiighuid in lOI?, wbonooljaboat 
tirentj-thr«« vean of age, Thfa joung, heroio child of 
a diirfuin, in wving tho life of Ciipt John Smith, 
wL^n, as h« wkb abitut U> ba aUIn hy her faitker'a ctub^ 
ahoBprmng brfono him, and ahiQlded him UFiUi her own 
body, earned for lieiwlf an bonofable tnention lu 
AnMikan bietorj. Sbo raarmd a biaTo English officer 
luuned Rolfei and tbo celebrated JoJm Randolph waa 
ooo of bar deaoBDdanta. Very boantifuUy has Mta. 
Halo remarkfld ooooendn; Ler^ *' Vtxmhttatm baa beea 
the heroine of fiction and of son^; bnt Uvc simple 
truth of her itory U more intonating Uiaii any idaal 
desoripuon. She ift a proof of the btuidve naoral 
aense of trr>iDJin, and Um iiuportaiKa of bvr aid In 
carrying forward the pnigrcn of hionon improve 
ment. 

'* PocalmnUs waa the flrtl ha«tlHOi who became oon- 
Ttttrtd to rhmtianttjr by the En^hMi w-lllrrn. Tho rcli* 
gii^n of the gofipd aeetned oougenial ta her nature: aha 



wDicui or tas ciarTCftT. 



nfi^e From tho ftasanlta of Indiftju or d&ngeroua wild 
bfMta< tbo (lug out aD mKlergroand room, into nlitcb, 
Uirougb a cmftl) entrarxce madd to op«D under tn or^>- 
bftn^g thicket In the bank of thu Atreun, sho aigtitlf 
KtrealM with her children. And here she continued 
to TOiwle, thuA lirin{! nnd thuN l»1>unD{; niuMsUt^d, l£U 
liy her owq hind and tJbe help vhich her bojs moq 
bog^n Lo nffonl her. «bD cleared tip a valuftblo FonB, and 
phured beti«df in bidopeadeut ciraiuiiAtaace* Ui life/* ^ 

The rvadeni of Colodiial LUtoffy wdt remetnl^r tJie 
nantea of tnany nvonK^n who woro prominGnt in the 
higbar wallu of Ufo. FiraCof all iho Pilgrim Molhen 
wUl be TtiDeiDbored. ** Tlicro U « bouitilul tmdJtioiu 
thai the &«t foot which prcdaod the snow-dad rock of 
Piymoutb waa that of ^lay Chilton, a fair roung miLid- 
en s aad that the laat mrvivor of those boroio ptooeera 
was May AUerton, who lived to ac« tbe pUnUng of 
twelve OQt of the thlneea Colouiea which fonned Uie 
ntidinia of tho ITDited Sut«e. In *T1io Mafflnwer/ 
e^hloen wives accompanied their husbaDda to a wveto 
land and Qninhatuted, «aTa hj Uie wilj and vengvfu] 
aavage. Ou tba uiiHoared hut, aha who liad hoetx ituiw 
tured amid tbo rich carjicU and CQitaina of thtr moihvi^ 
land locked her tie\t-*boru babe, and CEJtuplained not. 
She who ia the bomo of bar youth had arranged the 
go^C^QA ehftdes of embroideix, or ]^rc banco had com* 
pcHtndcd the rich vcutaon po£tj 03 her aharo in the 
lM>UM!keci)a"^. now poaiHlc<l tiic ccut^io Indian corn fof 
hor children'd bread, and biide tbem flak God's blosmng 
ere they took their ncauty portioiu. Wbeti the eoowa 
aifted Ihroagh their mucraiblo Ti>of-tTeea upOD h«r liLtle 
0O6s,aJie gathered them c\wvt U> her boM>m ; alie lAU^ht 
Uiem the Bible and ihe cjitechijun. awl the holy h\-Tnn, 



I |CAU*Etahl«««Ar««rtfUI W«««lKj J UAOHfit. [t W 




J 



S8 



woaoBr or tub CEst^ttt. 



n 

..t*^ 



Dt&otoot to whom « ati:t4vl^« noaumciit h«d be«a ei«otc<l 
DO CoDtoocook IsIukI, in tti« city of ConconL, N.H. 
51l« wttfl on« of thoto brmre, heiDic^ Sputaa-like woquo 
of Colociiil tJiDoef who pnftfmd to kill twr capton to 

Wh«n tb^ Indifttid captnr^l Mrm. Duston, her nan* 
Itin. Mary NefT, and babe oidy u twW old, omi might 
bnTo beeu pfurloDeci for pnNlJcLing deitlli to the motli^T 
of rto young m oliild, tiuircbt;il inu> th« viMitmcMi fur 
MTer&l dayst her aoul agoiuzed with tho thought of 
loariog her btubnr.d aucl Aovca children fnx behind 
ber with ecar«« any hope of aeeiug tbem aifaui; b 
tho mother's htATt yna hnre aod d«t«nsined. *^ 
oight>" Baya Baueroft the hiatorion, ** while the ho 
hold elumhon, tho cflptivos each with a tomahawk 
atiike T^orotnly aad floetly, and \vith a diruioa of 
Labor ; and, of xhe twelve aleepem, ten lie dead. Of one 
tquaw the wound wu not morta) ; ooe ehild waa 
»pAi«d from desigti. The lore oC glory next aceeit«d 
Ita power; eod tbo gun and toniAhnirk of tlio mur- 
derer of her InfAiit, and a bog heaped full of scalps, 
vrrrm choicely krpt «tt tropliieo of the bcmina. The 
itraann are d»e gnide* which 0<>d bu %t!i for 
■Irangor in the wildemvaa: in a bark canoe, the th 
dtttoend tlw Morriinao to tho EngH'^b Mttlemen 
aAU>u»hii)9 their friends by their escape, and filing the 
land with woodcr at Cbcir succ«4«fiil d^nng,'* 

Alsroy Wanen i^ next menUoued fts one of the Gral 
American women poetflt and aa a historian vrho holda 
high place ami^n^ tiio Americaa wTitcm of her day. 
She was the daughter of Coi^ Jomua Utia, was L>om in 
172d, and marriod Jamoe Warren, a mcrcbaDt of Plyn< 
outh. She died in 1814, at the at*e of ei{;ht5-«evon. 
Her wiitiogi were pnlilished in 180^, muler the title 



1 



A&ff 



41 



"Th^ Hifl4»r 

Cnittd StftMB 

to Um fin& ovBOtfr of Aj 

vooao wbo vtnkn too looa i» W au»>Mui wiA 
Ibe «<»i«B of tb« &Hl ontngr, bot BOt too mafy or Idd 
las* to tftk« «m» part m tu kmde deeds, or to have 
gnat And good iaAoEn«e so Aa tnta wind 
Omo. 1%« ^int of Mdi roaia akf b* 
frna IW oolj- AUbxa tofeeo &qb Ur& Wtma'a 
« Hm Udj- of C^dk,'' vUob vfl h« be 





•« Uit, bttft not iMAt.* b pmwd tbe une irf Ibrj 

WmUafUxu, iim viotW of ^ ti>* Fat^* of b» Coob- 
ta7-" bftbeDot, tbm. tbfigmdBOCbcTof ooT&irBi^ 
fubtioT Sutlj'AbftUuattdatiDetmBtoOBgUM 
afAMtka. ladMlMSi* mqoomcaL cbdtoUe. 
lb* tiBi&«d btr no in a mbU nnp&itf, «ad vai 
p1«iied wbeo Ab« mw bin #»#< mbcr tbaa vbaa At 
*v hm .prML U«r bc«« «m« w At bakt of Oa 
Don wMklrbbtodo; ud ba 




43 



vrouAX or xm OKirrcBT. 



b mt woveu widi tliat of b«r boo, that t« k&ow 
George WiuhtngtOQ U to know rIbo of his mot! 
SIdoo both »o<i and moEh«r vera fxromiDont In the first 
portioti of our countrj^*s Unt c«Dtur^, a fetr p^n^rapha 
niay \tfi licrr! ilrtolcil Ui o»e ho vrortiiy btit.^i in chanio 
t<r and Moal jxisitian. Ge<ifg9 W. P. Cuatia giTea ^ 
vivid portraiturr of noUo qualiliee in thU j^Ujr 
t^vercd womati. Tb'.iA he ^McnbcA )wr i^^raiid aimplktitjr 
of mAiiDCt?: *' After an iibi»ODC« of near]; aeven jtMiu 
it wafl at length, on tha relttm of the combined amiioi 
from Vorktown* penni:t«d to tho mother a^n to «ea 
•nd cmbiBce ber iUu-itrioua »on< So aoon a^ ho had 
dfitBonntM. in tho ntidet of a numerous anJ britlEant 
siiitOi bo eont lo appriao bcr of Ivm arriral, and to kaow 
when it would be htr pkaeure to re«eiTa hin. And 
now mark th« fo^a of earlr education and habita* and 
the iupeiiority of th« SparjLii over the Peman aobooli 
in thia interview of tho givJit Washington with bb 
admirable parent and Uwtmetor. No p^eantry of war 
proelaimed his coming, no tnunpeta eonnd^, no ban- 
nam wavr<L Alone axid on fnol, tlie m^niliid of 
Pranc«, tho general-in-cblef of the combined armi«fl of 
France and Americn* tho deli*«rifr uf Wm aiuntsy, thn 
hero of the age, repured to pay hia bumUe duly lo heff 
vbom be venccated aa the autbor of hb being, tha 
foundfrr of \m fortune and bia fame. For full ireU bo 
kncv that tho Dutron wotild not bo moved by all tba 
pride tiwt glory over piYo, nor by all the " pomp and 
cirournvtanoe * of power. 

** TIte lady waa alone, her af^ lianda employed In the 
wtnkn of dooMstio industry, when the good newg waa 
announced; and It waa f^her told ihut tho victor 
chief wan in waiting at the threshold. She welcomad 
bim with a vranu embrane^ and by the weU<riimerDbered 



44 



VOUBN a? TUB OKKXTBT. 



Ui« even tenor of h^x lifo, wbilo sneh ft blBs# of gh 
«hotie apoD Ler name and oifjipring* Tfaa European 
world funiifiheKl no oxu&plv* of 9Wh. WMgu^tihalty* 
Nuxi«« of ancient loro vera heaid to fiicape from ttieir 
lips ; and ihty obwrved tliat, * if such were the mxtroiu 
of AinvnCB, it wm aol womdftrfiil (lie •onit weni Uloo- 
trtoiu "* 

Ibrjr Wnxhiugton died at tin ago of eigfa^-««T«ii, 
oouu Afi«r Uie ileath of her Uliuitrioufi boo. Mt«. HbIo 
»t«t«a UlU " On tbc 7th of Mny. 1833, at Pred«nck»- 
buiir, tli« oomer-:iLoo« of bei tnouomc&t Vrmd laid by 
Andrew JacIuod, then tbe pntsdent of ibo United 
StatOff." Ho «loBcd liis ttmulcs wilb tlioao vordti 
" Fdlow-citi£ccfi, at yoor roquMt. and in yoor naiBO, 
I now depoftit tkk pUtu in the spot doctin^d for U \ and 
wlk«ii the Amerioan pilgrim dl»U, in after flg«0» come 
up to thi^ high and holy plaoo^ and lay his hand upoB 
thit iatffod oolimin, may Im recall the virtueit of her 
who Bloept beneath, tnd depart with bio affeotions 
purified, and hia piety ttrengthened, wliilo l»o luirokea 
blessings npon the mother of WHshlngton ! "* Thli 
monnmvrit boatv Lt»ii MiTipln Ixit Lf>ueliittg inaonpCion, 
" Mary» the mother of W&filuii^i^" 

Theeo preLiminary stalcmcnts, tbongh Car more brief 
and unf>«i-fei:t ihmx the wonim of worth who lived pro> 
riona to the first Umlod Statot century dosorved, Lare^ 
a \m hoped, opened the way rery properly for the men- 
tioo of noble, uacfut, excelloot, and famoiu Womoa of 
the Cc&Uiry. 



46 



WCORH OF Tint CEWTtmT, 



without i«pn!««Dtatioa " tbfn cu a«i« waa n^Anled m 
ioiquitoos, %&J Lo be frownc^l aiwa uid dtAllowcii 
l^Dftllj Uicro catoe aa appcAl to an&B ladefetiM of s 
ngbtcoiu freedom. Tbo b«U of liberty rwig out apcm 
Um ftir of tbo New World, and Ui« ftnt oentary of 
AtBeriotQ freedom befpm. It should never be forgoueo 
bj- tbe ehildivn of RevrtlutioDory siica, that ihera vre» 
forecDOlberv, ta frell ai forcfatliera, vbo fibonld be boa- 
OTod. There were noliUt woraeii a* veil am bnva men 
of the IterolutJODf wUo «bouM KcaJve due recogiiidoti 
from pwUftit.^, nnd m g«D«roti« m«H*d of prtLtn. 

It ftbould b« wtll r«m«nibeted, ilmt ivIieD llida]«o* 
lute ftuUionty of an urijiist parliament and a tyraiimcftl 
king wu iuiM?rt«d and re^aMetted, to Uie atwojaooo 
aud opfireaaloQ of the people in America^ in nafponaa 
to tbo proclrtJDatioD for «uppr««iD; rebelLica and oedi* 
CiODi SB tlio rcmomtraaoce of our fottliUiertf wen 
bermod, a tf^>nutn — Abioail Aj>Aua— ta Maeeaeba- 
Buttii. wrote ihiia in a letter to her husband, John 
Adams, at ThUadeiphiJi r — 

■*Tlaji tntaUigenoe will make a pkio path forj 
tboa;;h a daogeroiM on*. I eoold not Jcnn tonla; 
the petitions of our irorthy pnstor for a reocmeiUaUon 
between ocir no longer parent etate, but tjrmnt state, 
nod tltoe Oolonlea- Lt-t tu aeparat«; they ara on- 
wortlij to be tmr bretbren, l^t U8 r«noanc« thorn; 
and iosbud nf «uii|itiadion)i, na finroerlyt Ciir Ll»oir 
pii»perity and luppinen, let vs b«aeecb ibe Almlfjb^ 
lo blut th«ir oounwla* and to bring to tVHigbtall ttidr 
deviooft." 

Said *- 7h9 New York Tribune " in Jolj. 1d15, cooa- 
laeotin^ on the alfore* ''Here vaa a doclaiation of 
iadepBodoQCo, preceding by aovon months that whiah 
hia beoomo ao fiuaouei and it ir« au/n^d ^y a ititnMm." 



tan 



19 



vcnricK OF nne ccvturt^ 



vara not luuQVr^rded b^ persecution. Tlie ow» 
QuakorvM Drbokah FltANKt-DT, who vruA beiiLihi 
from Nev Tork l>7 the DHlUli eomnuiuk&L for hi 
lil>fnlity iti n-Iipvtng thu »NiilTpnng« of chu Aroeri* 
pnm>4i«ni, wju oua Amiiii^ aiaiijr. fn [>ur tinpt uf ti 
qiuUitjr And luxntj. imtfptutiDD can ftcaroely coraiiMa 
Lbe exurnt or .toventy of ihti uUIs ciKlurtil ; o&il it 
u pit>portJOiiatcJ,v dlfticiilt to esliciate the moguAminitj 
that bore aII» fiot onlj: with uncom plaining jmtjcnoc* 
but with tt oheorfal forerctfulnoes of eufferic^ ia iwv 
of the dentred obj«ct. Tbe aUrou of w, the roar of 
the etrife iteelf* could not silence the votcn of wumA& 
lifted in eneciungeiseni or pnytr. Th^ hoirrore of 
battle or maasMTO oould oo( drive her from th« foak 
of dot}-. The eOfoot of th;« devotion onnnot bo ^ueo- 
tloood, thoD^h It mM^y not noir ba (need ia jiortJciiUr 
iiuunoeii. Tlieee were, for tho most part, Icdowd 
to lho«e vhn were thotneeWee ftcton in the ftoenoe, 
who lived in the tui<tstof theco. Th« heroism of 
BevntiitiociftTjr iroiii«iD box |)ftMMNl fnim mnciml] 
with the gonei&tioii who vitneeaed it^ or b eeeu oi 
hj ^int and ooCMOnal gltmpec* through tho gntlierii 
obecority of tradition." *■ 

But eome kDovlcdgo of thcee noble iromeo of 
oontiiry ia giTOu vs bj Airs, EUct, ud also in e etaoUi 
work oeUod '^Nobto Dc«d0 of AmcricHa Womoo," 
Jttee ClemenL 

Hireo women bearing the nuoe of ^liKm di 
to be reswnbered. The elder, Euzabetb M. 
bore tho «ame relaiion to the two younger, Gruoe 
lUobel, that Naomi dkl to Ruth and Orpah. lUr 
wero Id the Revolutiocurr rank^ — ieven of ^enii— »1 
whom aho wd lut thry wvnt, wi'.h Uie »piKt of 

> Woaaa of ila ItoralvilDa, toL L p^ IL 



60 



WOXEX OF THB CEKTOBr. 



DsDonAD Sau&om of riyioouUi, Mats., diagwM 
benelf, ftfid, M a nan named Robert SliblUlTd, Mrred 
dunng tliQ whole of the Ro^Tlutionir}' war, vith ihd 
sacio Kcol and effldeocj, and with the 9xpo«are to 
iiardidiip atid fatigiio, ^mlufvl by the otl^^r sntdiers. 
She \TAJt woui*i!ed Lvrtc«; hul h^rr naereL n?ici:u]ii-il ua* 
disooTored, lIU* during lrniin<>roTar, her Bei waa dUcov* 
ertd h/ tlie |ih)-»i[^aji, wlia Ihen cfitvalrotidj look 
to Ilia ovrn home. ^* \^'^cn hex health vaa reatoi 
her conuaa&dmg oifiocr, to whom Um phjaicmD had 
nivealed bis duoovcry, ocdctvd her to can^ t letter to 
a«c. Waabington. Certain notv of a faot of which 
abo liad before Uscn doubtful, that hor aox wiia known, 
aho vent with mikoh t<:)uotiinc« lo fiilfil the order. 
WAsHngton, aft^r reading the mecs4ge irith great con- 
fddcntioo, without apcaldng ■ wotd, gara bar her di»* 
charge, together with & note conldning & Tew wordi 
of advSoo, and aonw n^onoy. 51m afUrwarda married 
Benjamin Gannett of Sharon, Xfaaa. She received a 
|>«D«onf with II gmnt of land, fnt h«r Bervic«s a« a 
ReTolnlionaty aoldierJ' ' Hooovubte mifutjnn of tiib 
woman^Mldier ia made in N3ea' " IModplea and Acta 
cf the IteYolutioh." 

AvtiA WAltEfSB, the wife of Capt Elijah Baikj 
the [Etsvoluiionaiy army, camod the title of 
Heroine of Oroton,'* bv her devotion to the cause 
freedom, and her fcarlcM eSorta to aid the wounded oiT 
the oee«don of the tenibto uafiiaere at' Fort Qiuvold 
in CoBiwctioQt, Whon the Uockading floet in 1818 
apj^eaxed off \}ie harbor of New London, Conn., (the waa 
among tlie patriodo women n-ho aaorificcd articlea of 
elotldng to aupply flannel for oirtridgfti. The editor 
of » The Dcmoeritic Review " rUted bar la 



62 



WOUKt OV TUB CBSCTURT. 



when iho/ were Tuital liy DritJali soldlenu The Iih- 
nJeni fled lii dbm&j. Axkb Frrznron vian ono wlio 
coul<I refiKHiii to the excUoutioa in Prororba, •* \Yho 
thoM fiDil ft Yciluint womui ? The price of her » fts 
thinga Irougtit from afar.** Accompaujing her blind 
liattb^d, whom ih^ uocj Britishcis dot^mkiood to Uk« 
a« prisoDtr to No^ York, she Left her home Zttlf-^jlad, 
but Una in her purpose not to Jearo her holplees chftrge- 
Sbo had preTioiisly plaofld pistoU m the hudj of hof 
4N>nt, ATid sent Uu-m forth froni the other side of Uie 
bouse to a pUc« of safelr, >• U «&s a colil and mlny 
night : iind mth the mero protuctioD of a cloak, which 
the oflker took do«u and Ihrovr over her iJioiUdcti 
befnro leaving iho boose, she sillied forth with llie 
parij'. ^Vhi1^ on ilnf tray to tho hoal, tho report of a 
gnu yras hoard, wliicL the aoldkrs aappoaed iraa the 
dgnal of a tehel galhering. Thcf hastened to the 
boat, where a puole voa viittan out vrilh tiomhliug 
baniJ^ft arid phiced in the old gentleman'B poeeemion* 
Without eren a beaediotiou, ho waft left on ehore with 
his futhfiU and fcArtov eonpoojoD, who thoaght tot 
little of her wet feet aa ahe stood and mw the eowardly 
dota^hiDcnt of BriUeh soMlora push off and row awaf 
with aU ihait might foe aafory." ' 

The women of Revolutlottary daya alForded the povt 
unple opponunity to pralto their doTOtioa and heroifm, 
utd say, as one dld/-^ 

■■ Prami wfTo tbvj b; waA to ituid, 

In hamtnonkt tori, or§^{ 
T» load lb« sor^ oU rids. 

To ran tiia Uadm b«IU 
T» mtdi ft bftUliic busbftnd** plftCD, 

Aft4fl11lt,^niMb«fBD,-* 



I IMJ* Dull, Jbrv, |L 



• W, D. O^Afhtf. 



rA 



wmnsc <)v thv cmmmr. 



During the vr^r a woman'fl Aoctety vr&s TordMi 
wboBO ol^ect W03 tlio rrJicf of tho sclflienf who 
in need of doUdng. Id 1780 Um bdia of Vhll 
phis city And county sold their jcvrdrj, ukI convi 
other trinkeU into aom«tliui|f mora Bcrvtocfthlfl, 
Iccted hrgo turns of money, purcluLaod tho mw mat^ 
HaI* plied the n«edlo with all diUgcnoo \ nn^ in a Ahort 
tJiDOt the Aj^TCf^to aokount of tboir coathbutiotu vaa 
»ov«&ty-fivo hundred dollan. This lum ww rnlwd in 
and imEoediately aioQikl Philadolphi*. Tha offorte of 
tho Udif« won not, howercr, llmitod lo thdr own 
nelghborbood. They addr^sed circuhirs to Uw adjoin* 
tag counties and States; and the responaa of Novr 
Jersey and Mar^'land waa truly generoua. Tho niiml 
of ahirta miulo hy the liultu^ of PtnTiulclphta dtirii 
that patHotic moi'einmii wx4 twi?nty-Lwi» hundi 
Theao wera cat out at the Iiohbq of Mr% Sarah Baol 
daoghter of Dr. Frunkltn. TI^Li htdy, irritlng to 
Mra. Meredith of Trenton. N.J>, at tho titno. aayik 
aa baftpy to )WTe it in my ^^wct to id\ you that 
■oina given by tho good ^omon of i'hiUdclpbiat 
tho bonofit of the army, hare k)6Cn much greater thi 
oonkl be expected* and given with »o much ohi 
oeHf and io many blatsiDgar that it ima mtii«r a 
Ing than a painful taak to oall for them. J trHte to 
oUim you aa a PhiLadelpbiaa, and ahall think myvoU 
honored fai your donation.' "' 

In the early^pfttt of FebnLar\% 1770, tha women of 
BcFttiiu pubHcly pIvKlgcd theiDMrlvfs to abstain ftum tho 
oaa of t«a. On Feb. » tJiere were three bandied mn* 
txon> wlio had become mvmbora of the Icagno- Three 
daya after, tho young women foUoved the good aiAtn- 
p)o of their mothers, aigning tho foUoving doctimej 




66 



WOMEM OF XmS CrSTUET- 



OTcrheirtL Hy nbcans of thftt k formation, tbe Ameri* 
Cfto r^rmy vu nve^ ; for tUc ISnti8l] fou&d thetn pn- 
pftr«d. and forboie to make tbo eoatoni[>1dl«d attack. 

Dutkr'a "Iliitory of Qrotoo/' in Mt»achctfctl 
«Ut48 tJmt, " After the departure of Col- Pre«?ou'a 
regimeot of 'mlDnte-meo/ Mw. Djtvid Wright of IV|>* 
perelt, Mra, Job Shat^uck of Gr^ton, tnd tke neigli-* 
boring vromcn, colliwt^d nt wli*t i* nnw Jcwvtt't 
Bridge* OTer llie KaabuiL, boLveeu PcppcrcU and Gn>- 
lofi, cIoltLrd in t^r'ir al.isrnt biisUim<lg' iippairl. and 
tnned witb rauakelA, |}JlcLfi>r1ci. fuid nucl) otbfir wenjt- 
onft ms tlicf could find; and. Living clsct^d AIm. 
Wri;);bi Unit commaoder, rcMlntelr dotenninr^d tlui 
no foe to freedom, foreign or doEUCStic, (l^mld pass tiiM 
bridge. For rumon wen rtt^^ tbat tlie legtdivs wore 
approaching; and frightful stonce of daughter Dcir 
npidlj* from phioo to plooe, and from houoo to houM. 
Soon there appeared one on boriebock, &uppoaed to 1>« 
treiBK>iiahlj engaged tn convejing btelligcnce to the 
enemy. By the UnpUdt command of Sergeant Wright, 
be VM tmiowliately arretted, unhonwd, oearched, nod 
th« trenaonahle eorrespondence found concealed En Idi 
boota. Re vru detKuiud prbvneri and aeni to OUtdf 
Proioott, C8q., cf (Iruton, and bb deapaleboa were aent 
to the OommilCcc of SAfot//* 

llbtoriaos teQ na of the Kiuttuirkj vomaa htaven, 
vrho irere aucocffiful in vrarding off the aUuck^ of 
Indiana in the earlj da^'s of our country ; and the vi 
of a Mr- John Merrill of NcIbod County U »pecl 
CBontioncd, as braTO and Bneoesafal in her defenoc 
her home during the summer of 1787. She waa 
perfect Ainaaon in atrength and courage." 
women were needed in tlioae "^dark and bloody dara.' 
That AroctiCBn women bare nerer been wanting 



fiS 



WOUBS or TAB CKKTntT. 



I» pu^f hy tbo firii^ of «iToira so picpu«d ■■ lo 
afllfira te tb» shii^gleB of ib^ loof: &nd Ilu3«e ftrrowa 
lud beca presented to Mr». Alotto by ft £avorit« Afii* 
C4a« 6ho aaTcd them wb«Q the British officer ftUoved 
her to p«M out of tbo fort to th« AiDoricuiac and ho 
WBA gieatlj d^pleaa^ that they should be used Ofroltut 
him. 

EuzABETH Steele b wotthy of not« for bet palii- 
otio doQatioa luido to Goo. Groeoo in An hour of need. 
She wtt the hndtody of the hotel in Sall^ury, N.O. ; 
and the woani]^ AmaricADs vere brought to her boose. 
Hirgeitri^d fiJt uiich di-v^Minged ; for^, mldod to the 
defeat, at the bottle of llie Cowpens, bo waa p«DiiQe«A. 
Mn. Stc«lo geocroDAly duiiftled to the causo be reprv* 
eented two bogs of epeoEe, 0ftyi^t '*Take ibeeo, for 
you vrill wuit tbcm, and I cart do irithout them/' 
G«ti. Qreene'a Lio^rupbcr eoyft, '* Soyot dii relief come 
at a more pcofnticua moment ; nor vould it be atruiuiig 
cODJectarOi to auppoee that he resumed hia jonmcy intii 
his sptriie oheered and brightened by this touohiiic 
proof of vocoftn^ derotion to the oanae of bor eom* 
tryr 

iiXJtY RcDHOKD wa« coUed in Philadelphia « tbe 
liulo bhck-eyed rebel,'* beoauie «he ma eo ready to 
audst women whoso hT9l>anda were in the Araerican 
army, in gulniug inielligence from the oatDp^ Mr*. 
Ellet aljites, tb;it "the de&patcbes were usually aecl 
linm llicur fnendH by n hiiy, who carried thvoi aUtcbrrd 
Lo the buck of Ills cttti. lie eviie ftito the city tmti|{> 
h>g imfvii^na to marhcU Oua tuoniingt irben there 
w&fl some reOAOQ to fear be witd tuapeeted, aud hk 
moremeQU watcbcd by the enctny» Mjuy undertook to, 
G;tt the papcra in safety &om him. Sbe vtni^ aa oatialt 
to the market, and* in a prete:uled game of lomp^ 




«o 



WOMS^I or TUB OdtTPOT. 



dwttt in our land Id IIiosd dsys, Wflrft insi^rtd wilh gc&* 
eioua ardor and bciiDvoluiit im1. S^ Mr. Olcmetitt 
"X>ario£ tbo Revolution, a youu^ SliawAtio^o IndJui 
irsdOflptored by the Qi^rokoca, and untciKfod to di« 
it Lbo st^o. n« wu U«!, fiit'i Lliif uRUEiI jiroporAtloQi 
vere nudo for hb ezecudoo, when a Choro^od ^omtn 
went ta tlic vrftrrlor to whom tlw [ir^nor lj«longad, 
and, ibrowing a parcel or goodd at hla feet, said «bft 
wim a widow^ and would ailEijtt Uio raptirit im h^ eoti, 
aod evDesdy plead foi hl^ delivorftnce. Her pnjrst 
wwi gnatod, uid the pruooer tjJcea tinder bcr coie.'* 
Ean/e QnOEu woa a mcaaenger bom Gen. Greene to 
Ocn, Sumtj^rr. Ilcr miaBion was a dongcroua odo, for 
Bpiea often paid for tbeir temeiitj with tJidr live». 
She was toounted oa lioracback on a aido-6addle, and 
waa intercepted by Lord Eundan'e aoouta. SIm oould 
not deoy tbat sbo eame from the direction of tiroeae'i 
army | and therefore ebe waa locked up, and ati old Tory 
matron ordered to search her. She djd not msh to be 
prorcd na a spy, nor hate the i&telligence in the letter 
ahe was bearing imparted to the RritiEb. She tbcre- 
ffve, while atane:, alt up tht tritrr |Kt<cf< liy piece i and, 
when the soarchcr airircd, &lje vma iinaUe to find any 
tnce of her crraivd u|>on hcr^ and site waa alkwed to 
depart. Sho haalened to the camp of Geit. Sumter, 
and dcliTcrcd her mecaage verbally. 

Ka^^cv Vak AUTlHB is add to be *' one of the 
bmYc^t and nDb^c4t laothera of the EterolutioR." llcr 
fifteen clulircn ccttid '' riie U|i and cuU hot bloated i "' 
for LtT life wa« pure and noble* and, in Uie days of her 
country *a penl from tioetile tribe* of Indians, rile voa 
faarlaaa and undaunted. The pioneer f^mUioa in maof 
parti of our liind. a ocnUiiy ago, lud rrjuoii to keep a 
vigilant watch over their children and gooiU, lo«c the 



02 



wouKM or THB oKamrftT. 



li«T bunM* and, witb bor uster-in^laur, ba8t«mDg ta Ibo 

bttttfo of Roclij MoaiiL M<»lin^ nufae cowiin]ljr nuu- 

'ftyii, thoy ftak«tl lii«m fur tlieLr guna. mod propott^ to 

lUod in their places, whorcup<ui tbe mcD rcbuncd to 

\\xlj ; andt while tbc fight wia taging, Eather nnJ her 

ooropaoioD'caKd for tho wounded and tbe ^ymg. 

>lABT A:ric OiBBBS, wbeo but a giri of tbincaa, 

i«d the Dame of bcrcine, aa eha ivent back in tb» 

irk, and amid firing of pxtu^ to the matulon of her 

OD John's Ulaadi near Cbuleaton, S.C>t In order 

r««ctia B boy eousin wbo bad aceJdeatally been kft 

In tbe baDda of the Brili&h when (he rest of tbe famlljr 

td. Btoq thsyounggirbihftd the tplritof hon^un and 

itrlotitm which marked tiie woiueo of lUq Revolution. 

Mra* WiL9o:<, the vrifo of ItoWt Wibwn, wbosa own 

m ve da not know* waa one worUijr to lie renkCB^ 

tied as the mother of dc^n sona, most of whom wisre 

aoldi^rSt and oomo wero oiBoeia, bi tii&^mr of the Rato- 

laUoD, and who, vbcn aakcd b/ Lord ComwalUs to naa 

icT ioSnoRee with her hnaband and aoozi, who wore bia 

piidonen, to indnco tbcm to fight for tho crown, 

" I have seven sona who uq now or have been bear- 
ing anmi ; indved, my vevenih son Za^cbenj, who ia only 
rteen yean old, I yesterday assisted to get ready to go 
join hii btotbcm in Sumter** army. Now, sooaer 
than tte one of my family tnm back from thU gloHooa 
ontcrpriMt T wonKI tuko thc^^ V)ys" pointing lit three 
or four (onall utxiA, "and ivUb tb«m would myudrnidiat 
under -Sumter's standard, and show my husband and 
aoDs bow to fight, and, if necoMary, to die Tor thetr 
cotnitiy." That woman deserves to bo known as the 
hcToino of Stoel Creek. 

Mba. SiriTBniciL wife of RldkAid Shubrick, dtfoudod 



I 



61 



•WOhUOi OS tBJ& CBKrtJRT. 



Mr. Cl«m€Bt*fi account of h«r is u follow* : " Ad act 
■iiQilftrto Umi ncordeil of Mm. ritehei il tlie battle 
of MoDDioiiUi was pvofonDod hj Mm. Mitr^rot OiHjin 
at tlio atUck on Fort WiLAhin^^i. Ilr>r huvWid Ixv 
l0Dg«d to tJie ftrtlUerj-; and sUoding by bU udo, and 
Rceiog him Ddl, sho unbcwtatingljr took hut |>Uoe« aad 
lioroicaUj ifexformcd his datM». Her scrvicca were 
approdatod bj tho officen of the anny« nnd honorably 
notked by OooffTo^. This hodr poased tho foUowi&{ 
TcaolutioD in Juljt 17T9 1 * JtoMlTod, that Margaret Cor* 
t>iii, wi>uu<Ied and diBal)lod at the 1>atUe of Fort Wach- 
tngtoD whila Kho horoioally filed tho post of bar bti*> 
bond^ who was killed hy her ai<le fiorvli^ a pl6ce of 
attilkij, do raeiKrtf dining bar xtttQiml Itfo, or cootlna- 
a&oo of aald dinUlUty, one-balf tlie monthly pay dnwa 
by a soldkr bt service of tliMO Stttte»; nnd that sba 
DOW rvoi^iTo^ out of public alorvtaL, ono auil of cJdIIiii*. 
or value drareof in inonpy/ " 

OUicfr worntii there were, who won a Cur ronown id 
RevoIuUooary daya. The liaut of (hit chapter furbkU 
tuithcj- mention ; hut tho5r who trill read ^f^a. Ellat'a 
** Women of the KevoluUon" vriU dud her pagefl full 
of thrilliag int^roiit ; and will place tbc lUEncs of Ci.[ZA- 

BBTU CLAT, iSuSANK-Ul, SABtKA^ aud AKKA ElUOTT, 

Saaab IIoptok, Jakb W/snmoTOK, Mabtoa Wiu 
fiOK, and a hoal of othen, \rhoff« eymputhy imcouia;;ed 
tho ruon who fouglit ibr freedom, and whose hravaiy 
find valor eiilUled Lhcm to bonoratiEd rcmemlnioDO tm 
Riatiy a contnry, aide by eldo with tho namst of thoai 
who tj^ied tlie Deduratioo of Independrnce, and 
plrrlged to the oauas of liberty ''th«ir Xlrm^ %Mi 
fiirUinea> and their aacred honor/' 



66 



VOMKfC or TlIB OKXTUltT. 



nmUnn, » tlio wivea of onr chief inagfstrmUtt, wm tLolr 
onlj claim to reco^tiiUoit or rvtDvmbnLnoe, TI10/ Veis^ 
ncvl^ all women of mtellectuAl povrer ajul monl 
JUkd soDM of them iroro eminently fit (o be 
yrbcu ocQUpjing tho Wluto IIouM}«afi "tiie Snt Udj 
of the nation." 

Mm. J^ttm 0. Jlo]Jow«7, In her yei? ibkral 
book, *- Tbo Ladi&3 of the White Howe.'* hts muds 
path Hmooth for the writer of ttiU ch&pt^rt and iht 
reader who would knov more of Ihcee women who 
were tluj yrivtt of our Prestdentt irv urged to peroM 
her gloving pAgea, assured that thejr will hiiT« &tt the 
OsTor of ToaiaDc«> uid the Ttdiio of truth. 

MAKTitA WABinxoTo5 wu tho Aral who waa faacH 
ored AC n rrcHidont's wife. Km) licr history' u perhniM le 
bmtliar to ns » eay i for historum and hiogmpbcr bftT« 
vied with etch other m pT<MentiD^ bo ua ft Tivid picture 
of the charromg widow — lire. Martha Ciistta — whom 
Coh Wwhingtoik glihdlj mwlo hv wife. Ilcv m&idea 
name ma Dandridge^ and ftbe vas a deaocndant of the 
Ker, Orlando Jonost n olcrgTnian of Wateo. She ii 
described aa beinfc *' ratber below the nuddla biio, but 
extremely well shaped, with an agt o a a ble Gonntfnanca, 
dark hazel ejea and hair, and iboee fnnk, ei^pglnf 
mannen so captivating in SoQtLejv womea. Sbe wia 
not a h«aaty, but gent3e and winning in ber naCut«, 
and ecninently congenial to her EUustrioin hn&bani). 
During their hvig aih] lutjijiy Di&rrUid tiro« lie ever 
her likeness oq hi*i heart'* Sbe wu but twenty-fi^ 
when left a widtjw wiih two children by her fijTvt hi 
band, CoJ. CosUi. The daughter died at the ago 
pixteen I the eon UtxA to bo ono of hid iUustrioue 
btber's aid^ and then died at the age of twenty^htt 
loaving four ohUdren, two of whom wero adopted by 



'0 



woMUf ov TUK curxtntr. 



**Tlke battled were fierce, tod Um Btniggle« long ; 
If the onlcrlj DuUmn dbUkeJ Oi« necMMlty tif laavb^^ 
homo »o often and for so lovig h time, her lie«n w%b 
glad of tlm sooriftoB wlufn «1ic rcncliad ihff dimbljr 
HDitoDH liuftband who vnu watcbing and vrmiting foc^ 
bcr £ uixiouA for liu) wifc> sooiowbcro on tbo tdajJ, ni 
fnr hi» LTeedjug coitutiy* ntniggUiig UDamUii^lj & 
tUe ctcniul pT^ncipl^s of Ereedcm. . , . No^'or but oqoo 
or iirico UaJ those yearly nioT» been diB^^mttblo ; aad* 
thoQgh onivorsftlly unoffending, eho felt tho pouifuJ 
6floct« of portT bittcrnGsfr- . . . Once. aft«r ild ttctirc 
campaign, fts she wao paaaing through PhikdelphJa* the 
w«5 iofiiiltod by th« ladw then, urho declined notii^uii^ 
bcr bj any civilities whatovcr. The tide b the afCura 
of nwa came ; and, alaa, for honiaii nature ! many of 
tboM hanghty matrons ^cn tbe fintt to welcome her 
tliete aa the vife of the Pr«dideiit-'' 

Mn. WaMhington was extremely jilatn in her dreaa, 
and displayed little tuta for tlio«e Luxoriotis omainonta 
deemed apprujinjito fur Uie weiltby and tin grvat. In. 
ber own borne the sptnning-wheeb and toon» wcra Ve\t 
oonstantly going; and hei drc^tca wtre mmny li 
woven by her aerrantA. Goo. M^aflhhigton wore at )ita' 
inaugumtioQ a full suit of fine cloth., tho handiWQik 
of hid own household. A1 A ball given in Kcw Jersey 
in honor to herftolf. abo wore a ** oimple rusHt govBt^ 
and white haadkerchiDf about h«r node, tbet«by 
on example to tho wookon of the ICerolutbo, whi 
could Ql afford to spend tbeir time or means as lavUhl^ 
ae tbey might have desired, "^On one ooca«^n, tiif 
gave ihe be«t proof of her succcet In domectie manufao 
tnrce by tbe exhtbiticn of two of her dreesest wl 
weni ooDipoeed of outtou >ln|ied with lulk, aod milirdj 
bomemade* 'Hie siUi stripea In tbe fsLnc were woi 



72 



troHVK or Tin cBOTtmr* 



ind Uiot^bt of Uio {Dastrioufl pair irhom d«atli had 
djvidod. and gathicrod tlio purrlo Aotdi^ of thd nj 
growing luiurianttj tber«, sa mementos of the vUit 
the hAlloirvd scenoe of Mount Vemoii, will Inng 
plcanntlj reraecnboicd ; and the Upae of tune will f^^^ 
to take Aw^^y the biciveil itifliti-nci* of Uuit nuemoTufal^H 
Jay, ^f 

And well wmte M». Hdloway: '^Stealthily the 
yeers go hy* and tve ytist not llioy 4re pAsaing : yet the 
latilBcd imd boano toic^t of a ccntory utonade Tta with 
{t9 porting. Tho cenUnmal liinhdaya li&re beea cele- 
brated i 90on wo approach the huDdrcth acnircnary of 
Tietorie» wou and iadopeiMlcQco ocliJorcil. If the gUd« 
free epiritfl of tbe chief %:id hii companion ox^ por- 
mttted to review theb earthly pUghmage, Jet it be a 
ftotireo of gratification to m to ki>ow they smile tipoa a 
R^pnblio of poaec. Tbeir bodies we guard, whDo 
erumble axmy ia the bosom of tbeir birthplace ; and, 
long ai a non of America retnaEii^i a freeman. It will 
well-spring of tnspiratioTi, to fe^l Uutt VirgiDia coataii 
the Pittfir Patrum, and i}vR iroman immortAltml by hU 
love," 

AnMiArt ADAua, the wife of Vtt^ John Adaios, 
wu tbo daughter of a Kew England CongrqgalioaalUl 
cEcrgymon namcil Smith, and vraa bom in Woyiaouth, 
Moee-i in IT-l-l. Her fatlicr lived tn tlto days of loi^^ 
p<astoratee, and for forty ycara he wae ecttlod b Wej^f 
mouth : her giand&lhcr wNa a Congngalicnaliiit minil- 
ter in a neif^hboring town. Bom of finch Btook, we 
might expect a coiucic7itioi£t woman ; and Mr*. Adami 
WW all that those word^ imply. She waa oaltured obo, 
»u«I H woman of remarkable Judgment, aa well oa iraagina* 
dte and poetie ability. She eicoelled aa on 

I t«av«itfa»whu«fio»^p.flL 



•on a 
tain^ 



74 



vouBX or IBM cs^rroar. 



En Englatid, Aod then iGtumcd to toe Uad of brx UlrtL 
Her husbttDd being elected vice-preddeiiU >be ftojota- 
pt&icU him to the Mut of the Uaitcd Suklea Gorennacnti 
vbcre ahe wu reapoeted &£id licloved. Her lctien» 
show, bettor tbaa thetto brief tfontcnco^ can pottniily da, 
tbo voiuan of eouad flO&se and rarkd cnllare iDd aoblo 
beurt. May tbe new contuiy fumi^b Duaj roaden £ar 
tbeict! 

" Tbe flrel New-Year'a wceptioa at Uie Wbii« Uaaie 
io Wwhin^oDWttf livid byPrci. Ad&ioft Lu 1801. Thtt 
boQjw WHS oiUj partfadlj' famished ; and Mn. Adnuu 
iLs^d the ovml rckom np etainf, now tbo libnvry, as a 
dnwlng-rooot. Tbe fonuaJ etiquette efltablLHlitrd hf 
Mrd. Wuhiogton jit Nmr Toric aod Pbibdolptiia vu 
kr|>l up in ibe wildenieeub-oiLy bj Mm* Adwiu."' 
Owing to the ^liture o( her kcalth, sbo Boon iiAer 
Aought the brociiig air of bor oatire State* axul retided 
much of her time al Qiuncy* Hnss. ^She U^^d in 
VTaahingtou only four montbc, nnd yet itbe fi xttM}" 
aittbty coni>Gct^ vllh it. She wae mistites of tbe 
White Honw loaa tbon half a years bat the otUBped it 
with her indivklualitj', end none have Hrcd there wiod 
wbo have not looked upon her ee the medoi and guide;. 
. , . The faiSTifioet nude by Mn*. Adiuni dating tbe 
long en of var, pestUeooe, aad bmiiie, deserr* and 
fbould rooetvo bem a nation'* gnitttode a aMmumeiit 
08 bigh and mudve a^her Ulufitrioitubnaband'fl. Let 
il t>e n!«iwl in the hearts of Uie women of America, 
irbo maf |icoudlj claim heroe a model; and let her 
£mim) lie tfaasjniUed to ronotcst poaterity* -* the Portia 
of the rebttUIoiid proviaoee. . . . Noi in. tnArlde or 
bronze be her ntcmory porpctuatcd, for vra ncod no eaoh 
hierogljpbioe in thif country o( (rve Achoolo. Plooe her 



76 WCatQf OF TBK CCHTTBT, 

dty bo remoTod to tho WliUe Houm. Un<ltf Lha 
forrnor adiDlaUlT&UciiT Ura. MadisoQ hud, (luring 
the ftlMances of Mr. JcfT^raoo'a dftnglitcn, pr«3udttl Bt 
tho rfCfTptionx and luTt-cn, und naa in erery puUcdUr 
fitleil Ui adorn her portion as hofitc&« of Lbo miAdlQli 
fthc WW ctllcd to praddo over. . . Mra* Mivtbon^f 
oolfl aim wu to he popolu*, and rondor her htubaod'a 
admrnkstrfttion brilli»Dt vtd Aocccoaful. Hor field vm 
the parlor i and, iriUi tbo riow of roi^^g supna* 
tberot cho bent tho cocrgiccf of her mmd Co tb« od« 
idoa of acoorapliihrndDt En her tlttity-6ev«&tb yew 
«ho mtcrtd iho White Hotu*."' When the MCOQil vtt 
with Grc-ai BhtAin w&4 declared, ahe vrts tbora. 

Hisftory tells um hov the Secretary of State Uhored 
to jrreaerre the vahiable d4X*tiiDeni8« vrMch, la tfab 
d-tilcnninl ycnr, will hn giodl npon by thoasanda with 
ao inuoh finde and mt«reftt. Among thoin waa tba 
oH^nnl Df^hiraliOD of IndcpendooGe- As we look 
back U> tlioete days, it luotfma aJmoht icorediblo that iha 
CftpiUil. the Wujto Ilooao, and o^ce public cdiSccSt 
oookl have bveu mthkaaly deinoliahed by a (ord^ foe. 
Under Mrs. Madlaon'fi suptrvimo. tho magnilicejit 
portiait of Gen. WaAhinf^n wna taken down, and 
earned to a place of uafoty. 

Tlie Britiah aoon evae-jated the city; and tho proij* 
dont and family lettimed, bat to a home of bladra&ed 
nttns. Peace waa reatored ; and fn 1816 th« loxee of 
the president was vpoken of as tho most brilltant ^rm 
taoA in the Kxccntiro Mansion. ** It wai on thia oaa»^ 
idon that Mr. Bagot made the remark, tliat Mm. MadI* 
ean 'looked every mch a queen.'** Mis. Maduon wu 
in no afomo ** a loaranl iroman, but dcddedly a takmlod 
ojm; and bernaHW will erver ho a ^ynoiiyue for all UmI 



78 



WOMEK DF TUB CXNTtTET. 



ccijoj tho foriDflt or wto^hm talk mml In dn 
rwm rvceiKicnia. Slue mltigUMl liut IJtUfi !n ■ocl 
anil, u her liwlth fulTcd, »1tQ IkecaoM sdl] mora 
miluHn. Sill* dltd MiiOdedy in 1830. "Little 
intervat <Hr ratietf U tbeie coonectod with om who«e 
idettti^ waj fto compJct^l/ incited tn 1i6t biulMtul't 
eu£(enc«.** 

LOUBA CATEEnEKB Al>A3a inM the wife of Jotu 
QtilncT Aduxu, tho sod of tho aocond prealdentt and 
himflcif tbc sixth prcsidcDi of tho Unicod SUM. 
** With hCT cJotod tho Ust of the Udio« of the Rovo1u< 
tioQ. A Dew g«iiorftt»ii had spnug up in t!io fortj- 
niae foan of indcpoDdaDco. Sho was LonduD bo 
her puenta, though palriotio AmericauB, havlDg tb 
homo In EogUnd nt the cmtt>r«ik of tlio wnr. n« 
appointed hy the Federal Congress n oonunu&iortQr, 
thorefero mt onoo ret&ovoJ to Hiutoa. But, wknn 
DftUoDBl IndepecdeiKe was reoognlied. he r^dimed 
Ijmdou ; aod Ltner^ she voa mamod to Mr. AdaiuB, w 
Cook her slioTtly lifter to Berlin, whi>i« ^o was a ha; 
bride ; aod for four jeirA nbe maintalaod a high potf* 
Uon in Uie regard of all who knew her. vrinmns fiio 
for h&rsolf and her oottnuj. In IdOl, after Lho 
of her eldest chilli, ahe Game to the United Staler ; and« 
aa her htisband wia soon elected acnator to WaaJung- 
ton, vht found her home in the suany South till Imt 
bnabaod vna appointed jniDiater to Kunia ; and thc> 
>ailod Troa Doetton, kariag her two eldott diildron 
with tbedr graadpareoto. and iokin^ a third, not two 
yeara old< Europe wua a hatUofield then ; and, 
in St. Petarabuts, thejr waited for Napoleon to oo&^i 
RuMia. DnriDg the itt joara of her auj in R 
what wondrou things transpired, what Intense 
btlonat marlced the orm, we in cooiparatiTo <^tuet oas 
aoaroalj coned to. 






$0 



WOAUS( or TUB CE^fTL'Sr. 



occompouiied lud ituAUia to C^uincj'* umI tLete tho d^ 
lUl, fcor jrcars af^r, her remains woio pUocd by lui 
»ftc ; «od her memor/ u aow cli^rbhed bY Imt caudUj 
aa taat of cot worthy to bo the dnuj;htc/4ii-l&w of 

[lACUKL JAc]£SO^' wafl th« beloved wift of Atadraw 
FacIdeoii, Lui <*cd»'i hdr eanlilj* Ijfo before be eutemd 
tbe Whitd Houeo ii» the PrcKidont- Sli« vib the 
dftugbur of Cul. Jt^bii DoneUoQ; and ber earljr borne 
wDft 1q tlie vOds of Kentucky, thougb site was bom ia 
Virgiujji. RW luiLrried m xumh mimed RobAnU ; buL 
wtt( a cruel aod uapriDCiplod nuui, and ^bc voa 
divorced from bun, add mjuricd Andrew Jack»oi 
" Subeeqiifiui emntB provod tlus auurriago to be on* 
of tbo very bappieat 6Vor fonned. . . . I^otlujiff eoiald 
exceed the ttdmintion etui lore, uid erea deference, of 
QttL Jecksoo for his wUo. Htr wiah to him was lair. 
It was a blcA^ ordcrii^j^ of Pr<iv:doiiGei that tbii Idod, 
good heart &bould find at J^at, after eo many trooblos, 
tender and troe friend umI protector, und^rttouding hi 
perfeetly, and lovlDg her entirely. 

" Mrs- Jackson waa a Doble woman, am] abcndaatly 
b!e3»ed with superior sense. She waa a good maoaf^, 
a load misttBs^ always direoting tbe servnnte and tak- 
jng care of tbe estate Id her fausbaad'i fluent a^ 
«eiiceH,&nd vitbol a generous aad bospilable neighbor. 
. . . Bhe had no obihiinn of her oira, and iL wu a 
>onri^ of rogrel to both ; bat a fortunate circomstoaoe 
threw a littJe child acrou her pathway, and abe gladl; 
took the babe to bar home aod heart* Uor brother 
twin boya bom to him ; and, tHshing to help lier sister 
a eare which was 99 great, she took oiie of them " ' hoi 
when but a few dnys old- Ttie general became ee 

< IjmMmoC tb* Willi* u«u«. 



8S 



iroiu:f 07 Tim ciiMrriiT. 




to Uio rich nn cxmoiple, to the vretehdd a comforter, 
to tbQ pio«p«rcw» ui ornuBoot. 1 hr pioty wcDt faaod id 
huid with her benerotoace, ood tbo tbaokcd bet Cm^ 
tor for bwtg parmitbid to do good. A h^mg eo gvntlo 
yti MO virtuooi, »lander m^bi iround, but eould not 
dinhonnr. I^vcti De^th, «h«n h« tore li«r from tfc« sran 
of hvr buNbaiid^ couM btit tnumport her to tKo boioai 
of her God/* 

H4NXAIT Vah Dubsk v/fm bom in Kindcrhook, 
Ibe IlLKlM>ti, ill 1783. Sbe wma but UuU) youu^r llua 
bcr buAbttod, MftTtin Yao Burcn, vho irw licr nu-bool- 
mute, Sbe tw of Dutcb deAceat. lu Febnuuy, 1807, 
■t tho Age of btrcDty'fiTc, sbc mnrrwd Mr. V«n Bornu 
vbo wu tbcu jtut admitted &! tbo b«r. Tliej dir«It 
dgbt TMis ID llud^Mii tbczKW removing to AJbony, 
irbe» abft died m 1819. Sbc did not lire to tnXet Ibo 
Whlti HouM. Sbo vnu tbo aio;bux of four cbildno, 
ODo of vrboin paosed oa before ber. Sbe died in Cbri^ 
tlui bops, cmliiqg Iwr chiUlrva about bor, bidding then 
fiuwell, aod commitUng tliem to tlte oare of tbst 
Sarinur ab« lorcd, uul in wliom «hm trusted- *^ The 
Albuuy Ar^iu *' H^wukiu;; uf h«r Aksd, '^llumilitj^ w» 
her crowning gtmce : the powmcd it in a vmig df^rr*. 
, . . Sbe iraa &u orDaioenl of the Cbmttui faitb.'* 
Serenteen jeon after her dcp&rturft, bcr htuba&d beoimo 
proiUlQQt. 

Akva SnouES UA&JU80K, "the wife of Lbe mut^ 
pfftfideat^ ww bom tba fiuoMis year of Ameriou 
tndepetideDce, ai>d but 4 few mootbs after the reAowaed 
ftUrtaiftb at I.l^xingto«. llcr biitbpleeo wm Dear Mor- 
riatowu, NJ. Left motberleu when very jH>aiig, she 
wm tJ^tied \sj an oxcelUnt gmndmotbor on Loog lilmod, 
hnd became fond of i^liglotu nftding, itid Bcqdnd 
hiliSf ot imliuiry. Sbe to a puptl at one time of the 



i 



ttt* 



cv^ 



fOl^Tf- 



.mi 



»"' S^e <* 6»?uh -bei-g **'^^i S^**^ 

10 *^ 



W WOHKN or THfi CBffTVBT. 

UfobocuiM a convbtent commimkant* Her dutgl 
in-Uff Bpoke of her as "tJie nkost eotirvl/ aiis«1l 
P«r«ioo you cao ia^Agine" When ahe died »t the 
£jiecuUTa Muiuio[i» in Scpicmlmr, 1842, ntui/ poof 
poopb of UiA vicanity ^tbered round the WUt« 
HottsQ Id gTOupe« and stocd aobbing, u&d safing, ^' Tbd 
poor hATo tool h &i«ad." 

Pro&. Tjlof VA6 nuirtod ■gua Ln 1^-1, Jaoe 2I>; 
tid Mi«i JuliA Oftrdin«r then beoame tin lad^ of tbe 
Wbito llotue. U wu« tho tint ntsrriaga of a praeidoDL 
whUiP tn oSoe, that bod ocdurred In th!i cotmtry; and 
great Interest wbs feU 1q tho matter all over the Unit*] 
Statea. The bride wai rer^ miicb youitget tbau ber 
huflbaiid. For eigbt months she irei'formed llie agri** 
able toAk uf (iM'Milin}^ At Um Rxitcnltvo Muuiion with 
eredit to ber^eU, and pka«ure to hex irieoda. Slko waa 
tbe licjutiful daaghtcr of a \TtaIth7 gontJcman wbo wu 
suddonly killed by an ex^o»on of a cannon vhDu on 
the rctum^trip from AloKnndria to Waahiogton nitb a 
pleasnto-putty invit^'d to aooompony the preaidenU and 
vboso Tomain^ Tcro buried from tho Wbito llouaOtOf 
wbicht the foUotvin;sf summer, hi3 jrounj; daughter be* 
came tnistreas. She ^as weU educated aod accom- 
plished. For Kcventcon year* ahu bvcd in V'irgiaiat 
retired from pubUc life, until the d&atli of Tree. Tyler 
at Richmontl, the 17tb January, 1862. AfWr tbo presi- 
dent'* death, >frs, Tyler nude her bome in Suten 
Liland, V,Y., in circomxtanoos i>f afDncDc«, ood aur* 
roondoil \>y her chUdrvD and fricnda. 

Sabaii Polk w;u ibo vrifeof tbe cleveQCli presidenL 
She wtm boru in Tcnniusoa, Sept. 4, 1803, tlio dan^ 
ter of a wealthy fanner; educated at tbe Muravtan 
In-ttLtnto, at Salem. N*0. She wu but ninctMn a& 
tbe time of hi*r marri^ to Junea K. Polk, wbo was 



r But ^ -" * X\u.t tl,« ^P-^^„ u«sW 'T 
«mniog ^""^^ ^ v>vca «• «'ii„^ to «6» f 



90 



WOMRH O? THE CKNTCra? . 



m; entire m^rri^d life,* he said, * I wis ftlwujpg greeted 
tritli a Hap|>j nnite.' . . . AIU:f h^t bit4)aiad'i Acettdon 
to the preddoDCj, ^le vBnt to the ^Vhice Hooie ; btd 
tbo recent death of a titter kept kor&oin AQteting into 
tlw gay^ty of the oater world. Ad mooh u possdhU 
tlie wrocnuil Ui;r«4tLf from fuiblio ol«orv«tlon, a&d l«ft 
to Iwr dAQgiiter Uie duties devolving upon h«r"wi th« 
[iruMiletit'B wife. ITrrliealth Uwl hcioonio impftind; ud 
ilio died At Wm^d^A ll(>td. WmMhiDgtim, Mutih 80, 
1&&S, luid her rcDuina wero taken to Buffalo. 

Javb I'rcBCS vaa horn At llampton, N.H^ SIakJi 
12, IttOt^ tihe inu knovm lu Jatic Means Appletoo. 
Her father. Rev, Je$40 App;etou, D,Dh oodumed the 
proflideiic}' of Boirdoin College wheu ebe was one j«ar 
old. She vnk& **■ reared m aa atmosphwo of eultiratioB 
and refined Cknstiflu tafluenCM ; " delicate in oonotitu- 
tioB, of ttrotjg miiidT and great love of thie beAutifuI, 
At the age of tiTentjr-eight she married th« Hon. 
Franklin Pierce, theti of Hillxfioroi^h, and a tiMmber 
of the lover hguM of Coagrms. "The mother of three 
Ghihlrrn, none Kurvivtid 1i«fr; oitd thi^ death of tho h^ 
uitili*r ciicumaUui.:!^ e>o peculiar, shattered the aioaD 
romna&t of faiting health) and left the motherV heart 
forever dMolat«.'* The young eon* thirteen jeAn of 
B^c. was killed by a railnxid aoctdcnt just after Urn 
doolion to iho presidency. A wiiter saya, ^ H La o« 
cUsporagcmoTit to oUicni who bavo ocoti|»od heralatioa 
at the Whjte House, to chUm for her an nna«rpMia< 
di^ty and grace, delicacy and purity, in all that pe^ 
toim to pubtio life. There was a homo, a Chriatiaa 
home, quietly and constantly PMPtainod i aod roiy 
macy hearu rejoW-d In ita bhsaringa,*' In the anttuna 
of 1867 hin. Pierce, accompanied by her hiufaondt 
vbated tlie ialxud of Madeira, and nfterwarda r ar ii w i 



1^^ WOttW Of ■"" ^^^^ ,^n. 

I ^-* ^^« 'TWO y^^o "S"^^ "?; 



91 



votffcsr or tub ouETcitr. 



dmea re&dmg a« h& eomfkitd thd woory taik Mora 
him, ofUoer still Wndinj* cnijr him to guide hU liand 
In writing. Ha msvc-r had U>o lictinfit ttf iiDa dA^r's 
AicliooUn{j ID his life; y«t he Acquired, liy peruvprnnne. 

Uit! IjunrJiUt di5liii?i1 Irjr jKivertv. WluL & nJllttftnpllltliiD 

it musi have he«u u> ihoi^ motLura [iujiown aud lik 
trifeV bolh ujdowN] wlio vr«tch«d 0%'or ibcur ohUiln-o 
&» Uicy suttgglcd togtitber! In ikit ot:fcur« vilkgti In 
tbo mouatoinii [Gr^fynTillo, Tenn.]t tkjco Ktromg: jti 
ituder-hewrc^ womeit watdiod over and oia«titfbiCTil ti>e 
budding gonius of tho f\itur« steUsmAo- liistocj* to 
prcdorving its r«oocd of tbo lifd and oerrioee of tbi 
MVCDtocnUi pTo«*dont of tlw United Sut«», rtttts 10 
tbom b boUo tribute of Lbutr fitithfuInoM." 

Mra. Johnson &lva^ D|>pot4Qd onjr publici^ bouf 
given to bcr [trir^itt! lifo ; but it it not jnat to vonun- 
hood that Ah9 (should bo silefitljr pissed by. She ooot 
TOmiu-korl thut *' Iter lifo lukd been N{ient at l>ain«, osriiQ 
fur \ytt cliildren, and [imctLaang tlio acononty roodend 
n^cffmory bj b«r hnvhanrl'ii vmoll forttUMV** 

Wbnu ilie irar lic^raii slm wiui In tlie Soutli, lu flodila 
baalth, but vtaa oiilerod to proceed Dorthwanl, and* iflv 
dayH And nightd of miObnng and Jatt^ua, reaebed Na«b- 
riUe. It vaa a pciilous journey, but tho botrt of Um 
fcoblo voEDaD va^ stroog. That heart iraa almml 
broken by iUo ffuddon death of ber ioa« an an&y ioi^ 
goon,vlkowoa thiown froci Um honOiand lulled. Tbcfi 
came the afleaaBination of tbe preadent, and the acceisian 
of ikor husband to the cl»ir oi g»vemmenU Btit dlie 
narer abona ai tbe lady of tbe White llouM. A nev^ 
\uipeT conwpondent wrote, " ^In. Jobnaon, a confinpal 
bralid, baa nerer aj^ieared in society in WasJUngtoiL 
Her Tory exfivtence \a .1 myth to altnoet erory nne. Sb/9 
waa iHMt MWD at a party given to Ler grand ululdreu. 



^ 



wuuKx or TlUC ciunuBT, 



H9r brothor bro^bt to bu home bin maKmAte 
rooaun^U at thd Jeffuson Bunuetcd ; vui UeuL Grant 
cbtaiaed Civor at coco i» Uie ejres of uU hoc Duniljr 
befm «bo bad Men bim. But abe met bim &i but, Aod 
thoy Ten» socn lovers. Tboir engagement ltflt«cl foor 
youx, jfHUtjf OianL m tlic tntaui lunn (lUtingiiLJtbtg bun* 
adf iit U^« Moxia^ji u-nr. Four monUu after bb rutiua 
tbejr were uurried, ou Auj*. 22, 1cM9, and dw«U quietly 
OB pnvtitc citizcDfl till bia country called bim to l»or iter- 
Tioe. wben ube Dobljr aeoondeil liu potnotic offorto t aod. 
wbco bb grateful oountrj^ etlkd bin to tfao ptv^ontiol 
cboir, ttbfi CAOia vritb di^^'uity to bia tudi^ ivb«ro aha ooiif 
naikfa tbe nwpvct of oU wbo bebold bor. 

Sba boi ibrea obildrao aovr on eortb, — Fredonck, 
(J]js6e«. oDil Nallie (now Mm. Sortori^). 

Mm. Grant's Jiound oommOD-flanw and odndtabU 
tMiCt bLivo enoUtt) Imi Co bear a Eudd^n elevEtioa fron 
cMMiipiirutivA oboourity to a pooition wbttre erery net b 
liable to cHticHtiit and to h\tan the aucceti of ber hu»- 
bftod, 00 qnielly tbat It b evident obe powaaaea quolitioa 
of mind and bout vonby of commeitdatioai oud imiUb- 
tK>n< 

In pcroon, Mib. Grant is a little bobnr modJum in 
ftature, boa dark boir und cyc«« u oomowbat inGlincd 1o 
boatout in lii*urei and witb dork comi>!ouj[i. She'u 
toid to drew nubly, but vritb duo rogonL to bor compUx- 
ion, of^e, and positicn. A lady wbo oaw tiot at a raoep- 
tiOQr bvfore Gen. Gnmt vnu praodienti describM bar 
dte&t "OA black velvet Ibied wilb vhito vilk, oud wiik 
oourt tnuii and Sowing oleeves, with amber DmozDonU 
on wmt, tltroaU otid Itoir," and tJiiitk* Hbo could not Imva 
worn ojty thing tmjn^ becooung. *' Her DuaDer b voij 
uua^iuniujf luid miLuing, capociolly to cluUma and ta 
people wlio feci a Ittlie ecaborrateonent: obe will put fier 



THE WlVBg OT Ttra PRiaiDEMT*- 



101 



l*di 

^^ I 



;o put 0ucb «£ Lbeir oaw, even when digmtancs 
bftTtt to witit ber plcMuro for on iiitroductton*'* U«r 
stmuaen &r« UAikallj ^icDi u Long Uranch. N J. ; *od 
tbd trac motiwr bctffc vw iliovni wbeti sAvt deeUred 
tb&t bcr ^raadclilld liLoold be born b; the eoa, for sbe 
vonlcl not hflk hd duLl'ft lifo for the lal^ of haviiiff it 
to ny that hdr babe was bora in tJie White Hoa&e. 
Wuhiogtoti w» DL funuico ; aud Long Bnuich vm ft 
•unuaor retnat where a tould^ motberV bealtb would 
not b« no eodangivred. Mis. Grant » deserving of hooor 
m m tme wife lutd moUier ; mad, u In the earlier yean 
ol bar nimrnrd lifn cHo nec oftM rily gavp much pensoiud 
ftUattlkm to her dtrnimlio alEuni, w now bor T&Hovia 
^Aoea of x«sdeDce hear a home look auch aa a good 
buQMwife aioae can give. 

Tha nation has no reaaoo to be aahuacd of the wife 
of it« oentenni^ |>TC«;dOT)t : and the women of the 
oestury ma; well hold in high oetccm ooo who regorda 
duty ai pomnoont, And who honon htr po«>1ioii as flnt 
ladj in tbe nation by a pura* Christian life, 

Tho wife of Pt«»i<liTiit Ralherford li- Httyw i» ewp* 

ly known u the nobla woman who f&Tor«d temper^ 

tttoe >o far aa to giva tb» tanction of h«ir siidjd poeitiott 

and thfl wbole weight of her social inRncnoo to thai 

iftiue. whils in the Whitn Hoaeet e^«a to the oxtont of 

baniab&nff the intoxicating cap fi^m the Booial gathering 

hich ahe praeidud- So greatly vraa her examplo 

that th« tbotiinftla of wom^^n in our lantt eon 

aadted with th^ Wovnaa a ChrisFiati Tiiirpernncv Unkui, 

pocuTvd a fiill-h-ng'Ji porlmiL of iUtt much-toteefiiad 

hikj and fnmed U wilh ^rvat el<^ice, eo that it might 

adorn the White Ilon^e, and tbud hear to poatenty the 

•aimate m which Mn. Uttyta iind t^^r tcaipenmcc oarocr 

mUd, 



'Cf 



102 



WO>CEH OP THE CEVTCBV. 



hvcr W. Hayes wn* bom in Cliilliootbr. OIp-j- 
btli^r. Dr. Webb, .died daring her itif«ocy, ftttd 
motlwr tl]«ii raofkoved wKli lier family to Debivare* Ohi 
Ilvfu «be iitu[lii.-il iu lIiH Oiiio Wcalr^ynii Uiiirt-Tmilj, racd 
log vith licr brotl;cr9, tbcar tnotlirr iukvicg Uktui 
m tbo ooUcgo lor tho bonclit of her cbildren. Tl 
motb^'a iDfluenoa ii t»id to bnvo bcvn vtmd^rfuUjr 
Calient and powerftiL Her rar« ooTUmoo uma wu 
lnli«riUDc« of burdmigUtur. Saj-A Mtv F. E> WUIaH :— 

■*Two jem Ht Urn 01ii» Wvjilryin ITiuvftndly «m 
foUowod by MTcrftl ^vart of study in tLo ClivcitiDAti 
VTcoloyvi if«iuaL« CoU^go, of which Kov. Mr. attd Mr*. 
P. B. Wilbor hii.6 tlio EOMiagWttPft*' M^ay of Um d»- 
bluflt vocMn of tb<3 Wot, Cratmoit Its ndtiioaMy, t«ai- 
pfrniDco, Bud othiir CUriittiim wotk, VL-m gradoaud bM«^ 
Under Ui« Irfluj^rt^ii of ttii->in gifUMj vditCAtom and tlmtr 
Bicconora, tbi> d&.i^btvie vi Obio kavft m^Uiii^ uliankc- 
Ucs full of llio btinignant etitfi|;lh wbicb diddpllDO of 
niird can only givu vhcn Christ in tho hoATt bempen 
And mdllowt tl>o clonr li^t it bu impMtad. Onv d 
tliMe stQd«aU, IL Hfo-long fri«nd of Mr«. lUy«i, usd for^ 
noAt unong tke vromen philaathropbtsof our day, vnitm 
tm foUam : — 

"*Li»oy Wobb wu % Ont-cUAs MutleoL I tm n 
noubor of tbe mno olus in botnny uid otlier atndki 
with hor, ntvd I kmve muoh to rettdl my fvoling of min- 
gled uioojAiKif tind hdmiration, u our tMcbor, MiM Dt 
Fo[v«ti would turn from m uldfir girl* to Mim Wij^bb, 
wbo »At «t tbe b«ad of tb^ dikaBi mid got from bvr n dear 
AniUyftiA of tb«» fiover nud^r diacowion, or Ibo oomd 
lnuu|>onti<7n of »om« inrolTcd line cif poetry. Som^ 
what of tbi» flMtimcy wiki dr>tibtlou dno to tbo fnci tliftt 
ibik bkd b*an tnLiiMd in Ui« Mnro drill of Lh« Oluo Wo*- 
l9y«Q l^nirprvity. Sho r»iRainf<l In die Ladles* CoU«^ 
uf CjiicinnalL uuUl bbe coniplet^Hl lu oobtm of >tndy. 



IW 



VOHKCT or TIUS CHXIIJUT. 



graaL HioocA. The duif^tvr of ma Ohio ^oier, LacT«* 
tia UiKlolpf) u d««cnb«d u bdng nt •cToiit«t*ii ' k qnictt 
lUougtilfuI ftrl of singolvlf cw^ot uid roGii^d dEJi[iooi- 
tioQ, food of sta4y nnd roading, ftiHl posMwing a w^mi 
htttrt fttid u tiiiru] eipable of ateadj ^wtb/ At ttik 
tJllM nHo wu att4^diHg iJin nniui^ Aaid«niy nt ChnUvr, 
■nd tb»ra Jjudm A. GaHlold, % hay of ri^KUna, who 
was vorkloif bb owd waj bov^rd an edfi««Uoii« luet hor. 
ThrM j«va later Ibo two nut ftt tli« Bdeotio Institute, 
%t Hifwm, foTta^ Coaotf, Ohio, wb<:M Qar&old wu 
stUl tba hftrd-vorking Bbidvnt- A mutnAl stucbvvnt 
#pruig ap iMtvrMin tlMm, wbtd> calminaUd in tb«ir mar- 
rls^ til U]« fall of Id&a, &fr. OvBeJd b«l»i; then t«dkefaer 
of Lftiin and Qreeki . . . And t(n tnfBier'a dai^Uter 
vita w«Jl fitUd to bo a tCMcboT't wifir, bm sbo had acquittxl 
a knowlpdgo of Latim Gr«ck, GcrEOUD, and French, aad 
WM well bfomed in natlieiiiftUG* aikd ipiienl litera- 
ture, bvliig able to anbt her lioabaikd In the prepuatioa 
of Uia liMtitrna." 

Sho \vtd hIm> lM<»n & t^w^l^rr Iterwlf ib OlweUTidl aixI 
elaewliere. SL-ven oLtldrvri ir«re bom lo tLeiD. cf vLoin h 
five aurvirod to beoocne inioatea, with cheir parents, of 
the White House, a placo whk'li thoy rcmoinber only 
with aadnMi, for tliera tlie moUior waa HI almoat to 
dMth, and t^ene tbe aacsuaiittt^Ml father liogered in ag- 
ony till lie waa borne to E]beri>Ti, where he itinL Tfio 
detnila of h'm asataniiuUvii will luii^ moiiin fnwh in tbfi 
public mind, ami tbe ndmirmtioti which hit doTotod wife 
wofi w* hi« failLfiil nurse, in tlioeo dark Eioura, will aaver 
be forgott'^ii. When the end ooioe, — aiid even the 
Qu«en of Enf<Utid «euL her meiaage of aympathy and ber 
floral tokta of n-ipect, ^~ the wbolv coniitry followed her 
with prayi-n and imnrt to hia rr^tlng-pliuvi in CWaJasd, 
and Btaay added to ifaeir other tokena of a/iupalliy large 



TffB Wtvra or THK PRHfttDBHia. 



1(77 



MtGtHM ill money, so th^t Mrs. Oi^rliotd ebould not 

or tbe Eixviita Co educate tho oiiikiratt of tJift W 

EDAOUd Pneidetttt cr to mjik« ctomfortable tti« dMlioitig 

of Ua b«!oTL-i) m'^l^k'% MRh EU^i Hirfleld, to 

horn b^ owrtl 10 much, irhuntiiig (rtun Uor liu •!■> 

«iid Icvd of flCndy. tTAin^ hy h«r in Ui« pntJi of 

UgniTiiml mioo«iragr<! bjr lier m tiQ liia tnixlAblft el- 

t» to 1>o K^QaeUiiiig ti»)re iIjao & CAttal boatmau. If 

b cbapUr wu dovotnt to the nn^nlkOn of Um moth- 

M wtll aa vivM oC tho I'Kwi-Joiits, th<rra vroaU bo 

,y fttgtfi In KfhMDoe to **tho Huh ivhiiA-hAirfd 

moUiir,*' wbotn J&m«o Ahram GarAoltl kWaw] «hen bo 

tnriMid trom tho Bible Iw bul kiKsnl lui to to'A tha t»th 

of iMtngntrntUci ^ tbo mother irith vrhom trery bout 

vTmpKtbusol u «Iio vt in Let eountfj- homo nt M«ntor, 

ObiOt Aixl HfttoBod for ntwa from hor sufToring •' boy/' 

Wl»«a iboM soleno fi^dni|;bl bella vrakod the oatioti to 

tbo knowlodgo that tbeEr PreAldt>&t had *' put on iinmof^ 

tAlttja" milluiti* uS Hympntboiio hi«rt4 turm-d towmnU 

bb s^«id lootbvr, m wdl m to bU bmniic wifo; «ii»d tbo 

Oftiiie* of Elii* uul LnoroCtA Gftr£«ld are txow '■hoiaw- 

hi^UI vonU" id overy CbrUlmD borne throughout the 

UikU 

Tb«ni niBftiiu at tbU writing (1882) but Ofi« moro 
iMuno to m^ntinn, And ih%l i» tho HfunB of Rij.a L. 
Abtbce, Uie vifo of Uie Vico-Priwiditnt, Cbrfltor A, 
Arthur* nbo Aacc«ed«d to tho cb&ir of stato oo Ktdly 
▼Moitcd by frr^idcfii Qaj^ohJ. Tboojcb 8b« died, pfwi- 
Oil* to bb rjOBiluAt>on lu VitN^-Proddont, and, of eouno, 
DcTvr oocop'wd tbo Whtt« lloo*o, yot clio It codo tbo 
W to b« n»*ni)ODvd among th« winv at tlix PntxTd'-nU. 
Mn. Aflbor ms tbo dait^liter of Lieiiteiutit-Com- 

tauBklflr tlonidim of tbo Dnibed St*lM Nury. Shn vroi 
Dttrn«d to ClkCAttf A. Arthur in LS63. and diod la Now 










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OHAPTRU IV- 



WOMSK LBADEPa m EOCHTTT. 
TwniJr Wijiiliii>p — Mr-rc) Wifc/rvii — Uuiiiili Wiiiltiroji, ^t;. 

1 . Htlb f ri'B^f* fan. 

OXT-V IWmI. *»At«. 



Hit. 



AM4>N(} tho valual>l« boolo* which 3ln>. R. P. EDet 
bftA rire|>wO, tbon ia vud ^lUlcd "The Quceos 
^ !i> whnso HAmc exception was 

. -■....^-. ■-- --^ .. 4^ dhe mtivU ill Iht IVi^fitcc to Uie 

Wok in ll** followiik^ maimer; "Some frkntU Imvc 



k 






WOMIQf LKADER& Uf iOCIBTT. 



Ill 



imen, mm ^xateAhi^f fWinatlng. Their Btory 
ofleti bcca u&rrttEed ; but it never polls, and loMd 
thiJig I'JT ivpeUtioR. hut in other pnrlionii we ^nj 
j^ to pTOteflt ftgnuut it9 tendency, vrhich la towards 
bftu^^ tlie Tftloe of much that i^i ftctittouA and (irti- 
Bml in life Madj of tho 'queens' of thU book are 
votzun who hftTe*lcd th« JkahiOOB;* who h&vo i^ctUed 
fa tb« ^ilondor of tb«ir roocptiona, Uie raagnifioenoe of 
tbeit L*Ik; who conld wear iho most oxtAvagont dift- 
moodd and pearia, display the beaTi«6t velvets, the rarest 
bioeSf the contlievt Joveht ; vrho could glte partioi wh«re 
* tho drogioa cost fifty thousand dollars, and the j«we1i7 
half a mitliOTL.' Oni; hu\y vmjt tlUiiu^iiiAod Imi^auiw 
ahe *oou]d cutL'rlaiii Ivieiity geuliemen at once; ' and 
another, Iwcaiue * »ho rrc<;ircd Kixt«C!n oflTcnt of iDaninge 
b«fot« fthe waa eighloen.' The daughters of t^ *ftnt 
familio^ of Virginia,* who vrero amon^ tbMo ' queeoat' 
veto taught fino cmbroideiyi and the care of their 
BOVploxlonfl. *No high-born maiden vrould ^*sprcnd 
hex band " by Ittmin^; tho door-knob, or touchm;; the 
tamgife or handling a bcayy object,' Those ladies had 
*£uaDj' and * pedigree* and $cn^ pur to boaat of: 
thay were nodccd at courts, were iutjoduood to Vte- 
torla aud Eug>£nie, had penonal channs and £i9oEnatiDg 
ana, whtoh they miute liboral use of Ts this n Itfo to 
be beljl up fur emulal&on to die womeu of thiH earnest 
aiosteontb centuiy 7 Shall thi) women of tliifl country 
liv iDciLed to ViTf. toT thu empty ikiin of obttiuing com* 
ffiaaimia Irom foreign conrla, of being leaders of fasluon, 
•chbveie of aocial thnmpks «;n5do», u^sclc^ &ivo- 
I lm$k ffildcd butlerflies? . . . Wo do not undervalue 
I ^OBLly, vrcoltli, nor soeial dutinction- They are tho 
1 |ood gifu of God* and sbowd bo nobly employed; Uut 
I vhcft (VDstitutod to low tima, to tiic purehikM} of solfiab 



112 



WOURS OP TITS CR3mTB7. 



and uQwortby graU&c&tions, tlu «xnnip1o ifftobt 
ncfttod, not Dudo a bout of, nor held up f^ emalal 
Th& book b UloBCtatdd witb a doun, or niore. fiatlf- 
•ngnvod 8t««l portnitiof b«auUfiil woioea, nitd U veij 
pl«iisaat readings eren ulieti irou do not Rjta^tkM 
with tb« chanctm jKirtm^vd." 

With tbU «ditoH^ eKprefifilon, evtry bEgti-toDed, llt«- 
nry, and BciGutilic buc] religioca nronuo wUl coticor. 
But U i» £&ii, &1m>, to note IbAt Urff. Ellel hetaelf oaji 
in bar ri«£ftvet *' I tniM tb« cai>did rtrndcr will ftdnut 
tb&t tbo irom«ii most promisenL in out oociet^ hAT« 
hud bettor tJum Mvolotu claiiaa to distinctioa; that 
tboy havo pos»cn«d high Okoral wottii and su|Mnor 
tatollcs^t. Many of them h^ve devoted tbtir iofloaDca 
aikd tfforta to woik» of churity. It b Uio bkdtto^ oC 
Kew York, — bo justly reproacked ad the terapU of 
moDf^y-wontlUp, — tbat bor taoat alavatod codaty it par- 
v^ed by a ooble Bpirit of ttenavoleooa, and tha rafina- 
mont of tiuta groviiig out of OMnta) cultnra. A Una 
of dL'Ltinotion U drawn l«titf«a]i thadaia* tbatconfaii 
honor on tba country, i^nd nuiro ahallow^ vtdgar pn^ 
landen, whoM laviiili display of wiadtb u ihtar tmly 
merit'' Tha raadera of Urs. Bllot'a book, if otherwba 
bfonuad conoemliig the prirata Uvw at tiio» who 
ftbona in public, will bt able to judge how &r that dia* 
chmitiation extouded. 

Among the many who are admiringly mentioiked aa 
adorning oocivty in the euiy f^rt of tbo fint Asuriciu 
contury in MAiirUA JcFraiflOK UAXt>OLPn, the 
ter of Thouiju JdTonton, and tha vifo of lliomaa 
Randolph, aftcnrArds governor of Virginia. Thia lad] 
whon a young girl, wu intru«t«d in I'aria to tha cvi 
of Mrs. Adamj^ and vnA kind In mannen^ and jdaaaaat 
in oonreiwiUaffi. Tha MOipe and style of hat n1 



WaHIEK LfcA&ma £!l 0UCIBTT. 



11 J 



ta BA7 be gatlioivi] ^m iho direcdons of ber 

ht to ten, pnhcUAO music i tvoiix lea in uiie, diiEic« ooe 
djLjr, wul lUmw iwotliu'; from nno to ivtq, tlmw on the 
ixj you duLce, &ud writfi a letter next daj ; from tlLree 
to £oar, rr»d French : from four to five* cxcrciae jrour- 
alf in tuuAiG ; from £ve to bfidticne, reod English. wtltCt 
J^c" Ihid b Aomcwhat different ^m tho roatioo of 
^Bidy Uu^&m Fuller knew; but perbufjait was all 
P^Bat M^ni^d noceaaniy for odo wbo w&a not to ea^gd 
lA literAt; ]>uniuiCji, aor to stxmp indelibly her «pdrit 
u[ioa the voiaea of Amenc&> But Mn. Baodolph vnia 
osdcmbtedly m woman of anlabk olumicter; for Jolu^ 
Kaadolpb, who w&a the poU^ictl ntefny of Iwr father 
aad bcr hosband, called her "* the aw«ec«at voQutn bi 
AiDvncft-" 

HcL nADdol|ib wua one of ihd " Lsdi«Q» of the Wbit« 
ifotiM s '* And ihuK I urn muinilcrd tii >pi!ak of unotJiurt 
who io Ul4!r vcttia led »oct«ty la WaalJugtoii aa the ini»* 
Una of thv ExecQtiva Maiuion, but has nut of oouraa 
bvBD nMolioned amoDg the ivivea of Iho pretudeuta,^ 
Ui& RuLT DoKBLAOy. iho nicco of I*rea. JAckai^n's 
Tbo preaident lumaclf a^t'Jed the queeiUon of 

00 between hciMLf and her rciatiro^ tho wifo 
Aodrow Joek^OD* JLin.,and inotjdlGd Emily ad bostosi 
the Whito Uouiie* It is wiid that in person sho iceem- 

Ujuj, Qa«vn of Scotf. Sbo hud eiquudte taato 

dnaa, ajwi, "of lively Ima^iiudoa, alio waa quick at 

&Dd hod that gift poa*tta*d by ao few taUrai«» 

Ibtenlug gracefully. Thrown Id ooatact with tbo 

and mutt cultivated intdlacta of the day, dio 

1 her p^rt ; and ber favor wast c&gc-rly HOugbt 
tbe learned and poliUcftl. A forei^ miniatoronco 

to her* *MadKni,yuu d^uoe vritli tha gno» of a 



TU 



WOUKTI or TUK rK.HTrHT, 



PftrlHian. f can faardlj nailie you were educattti Di 
TeQncs»«e.*^*CounU j-xju fbigcU'wasthQ»|<iritedreptyi 
' tkfti grace 10 a cosmopolite, aod, like a wild flntrcTt !■ 
much cftcDCT round in tlio woods thaa in tbe streetB of 

The vifo of Androir Jackson, jun,, node Iter crUrh at 
tht \Vbit« House ad a bndoi aad von tho adtalrutk^n of 
aU fsom hvr mioglod d^itj and affaUti^. Sbo via a 
Mils YoBKE of PhiladdpUa. For jsan iha protided at 
tho Honnitoge, as O^n. Jackson's homo was termed ; and 
tho crowds who gutlratcd (herd «ot« iu fala«s«d bjr bar 
pQoiety and welcome aa by that of tho c]d hero whoas 
Ihmo attiaote^l them. 

Amiemca Va» Btrr.KX may Ije tenn«d a leader Ut 
society, xiii<!a nhc; jitt^iImI at the \V1iitu Hoius when 
hbt hoaband'a fatJ^r was preaidenU She waa a lady of 
South C^ioHna. and in early life enjoyed those advaD* 
cages for oducatloa and acocmj)lbhiiieut wluch well 
fitted her for the sphcn she was later to fill' Mia* 
Halloway l>[>ara testimony that " her entire cxiatenoe 
has been oco of pro^rity; but it hfks not rciKlcred bor 
aelftsh: Jt haa rather, on the contrary, intluoed the 
employiBent of bor gifts in behalf of othera." 

Tlie ^Vhlte House hsMl a young lady as its tnisOws 
during tho presidency of Uiilard Flllmone, — his only 
daughter, Makv AHlOdUL Fuxjiokb, who was weQ 
fitted by eduoation, and a k)ng rosidence tn Woahuigton, 
bi ndoni tht^ high v^lnliim nhe wax ralUfil lu fill, and who 
acquitted horeelf wilh great dignity. She was a flue 
acliolar. French, Qirnnaiit and SpanUh were wall 
known to her : and she had a Usie for sculptun*, fostered 
by her loved solkoolnuitc, lUnict lloaaier. She waa ft 



I ltd- Callowv^m L»B*« ol Ui« WUla If nan. 



WOU£X LEJLDKB3 t» aOODCrT. 



ll*> 



of Ui« ceUbraKJ H^ool of Un. 

tginolc, nruUfal, )b8s., and iihtnrftTd of tho StaU 
Vanoal School \ ftixl, t<i her lioikor be it Rpokcn« slia 
tngbl in a public »1ko1 of Boiblo till her Tathcr 
Avdod bci iitUmd[Uicf> in tJ»> WIJui Hotiu. Sloe died 
nildenly ctf cboleni !□ 1854, vrbUe on a visit to h«r 
gTmodfmt.hvrt in Aiuoni. TTi^r nnmn It, ihmf^^r^^ lu UiAt 
of one irortliy to li-ad in the moi^t n.-fliiL-(l and educated 
circle^ wtieiv dmsfl luid fMbion sie tulxKrlinato to cul- 
tare and good »eU9e- 

HAnBiET Laj^ wns ft leader in soci^t/ whom none 
could criticbe. Rem^ tbe fftvonto ti:cce of Proa. 
Bacbonao, abe vae at Ibo White Houaa, its odmimblo 
amtrctt, winmng Uio prmise of the tsmuj whom nho 
usbt^d to entottaio. Early left an orphan, aho htd 
bftcu oducatctl under her undfl'tdinction; wax fthrood 

Rth hicn when he repreaertted our county at the oouit 
SU >JtiB«; and «■&« a favorite with the queen and 
ui« K^ysl family. And it U wiiUen of her (vrho U 
now thv irif« of irenrr Klliott Johiitfton) Llmt Aho 
ittind fmm the \VLlt« HouAe, " leaving befaiod a meooiy 
on plca«antnrw, and ft ripcord of tmtnmiiihnd Im^trn. 
Ber hihj |il&ce Ixad not spoiled bar ; for tho oobloueaa 
of bcr inner lilb itoognttcd no aupcriority of the cz- 
btvl^ei of gr«atoffi8. In ita fuUeet^ fineet aenio, 
had beea a hello, and vitbal a very beauiifol and 
wotaan." 
The MThito (lonso hikd. n few yonta aft«r, onotfaer 
[y ai ita mia(»«i, whoc» filaiia to t« a [coder in 
iety oonld be based npon pooofial ezcelleneo aa well 
m upon that dintinotion ; viz., MahtOA fATrBBSO^, 
the duight«r of I'rca, Johnson. She vns reared tn the 
nmmtain tn^va of Ease Tenouwei^ She waa early 
dbdngubhad by bor fndustr]- ns a stodcnb; ftnd, fo 



ABi 



^ 



Utt 



VOICIUI OF TUB OKX7UBT. 



dooM^do duUeit, '*bUo Doror lu4 thna to plftj*** Sti« 
was thd eldttt of fire cliOiren i and ber uoilieT n«d«d 
her cfficicat bolp, which sho alirajri nndeied cbiaarfiiUjr. 
Whllo her father vru & muober of CoR£:r«a9, abft wm 
pUoedcttohool io Gcorgctovrt. In 14^tl Aho TDoiTJod 
Jod^e PaLto»oa» an^ vuit^d Na&iiTiUe, wbeT« her 
father waa then ^vcmor of tho Stat^. Whoa* by the 
dcxtli of PrM. LiDco'n, bcr &tbar hecAme prwadent., 
Bhe preiOded &i his borne in the p1ac« of hflr iovmlid 
fiiothof. Among other vonle of dctervcd coo up tpda* 
tlon, Ure. Ilallonay fiflgra of her, ^* Simple but elegant 
in bcr nppon-l, ituT«r deaoending to a dinrcgard of 
plac«, y^i not oarriod away by the foUiea of C&&hiou, 
Mr«. Pattcraon bu p1««iwd tbe cja, and graUfiad tha 
pnde,of all wbofelLaa JutdraAt iii heraucoeaa. Qohlefi 
opioioofl of hor taste wore woo by the rich amplioity 
of her toilet on every pubUo oocasion s ofid thio boau^ 
of her dress consisted always in the artleea. miAanmui^ 
manner of the wearer.** 

Her sister, Maby Stovuii, ohared with Mrs. Patt«r* 
fOD tho honons of the VVhttc Ifcuse and tiie uamo of a 
Ifttdar in aoeiety, " Mrs. Stover, Qnlike her saatar, ia a 
blonde, with rery light auburn boir, and faabuos u 
heepiDg with ber temperam^rkt." She is "all^t aad 
tflll, wicb much rapo«e of manner.** Sbe was no leader 
In aoeialy ^m taato, but simply horn punidou; and 
eren that xaight not be couci.>dod by thoM who oonstde* 
a great regard for faitbiou iiud drt^mt aiid worldly plaai^ 
ore neceoury in ■ society leader. Ura. Siover waa a 
woman of gcouinti kindneM of heart. ^Tnod and 
proved true ui the high station of a president'e dangb* 
tor. she will never bo found wanUng in any po&ition in 
life; and into bur retirement the kind wiahea aad 
ainoero thanks of the Amerioan people follow hor." 



wouut ijm>BES a? Booorf . 



117 



L« bdJot tiitts &r Rvetitioned owe mooh of tlitif 
tvbrity to iU« fact Utnt Ui^y precidvd at tbe capsUl 
of tLe DJition. Olher womeu there hnve heen cinod t^e 
dawnof oarflnat centaiyi » in colonial daya, trho is^ro 
ttlswonen in ihn tru«>t Mnse, and therefi>r« ■Korilij 
len In aocie^. Th& limits of UiU chapter tllov 
Ll iLo QivrfftL montiaii ut Uitm ; Imt Uir Imnk nf Mm, 
before mentJoned* aad the paga«t of American 
bistory, vIieivoD thdr biubanilji or fadtore am taen- 
tiooed, vtll ficlp one to tmdorstand tlieir poailion And 
atuiamcttts ; while thfi biographica of tbo husbancla of 
■Dcoe of tbem will aasidt In (he apjireciation of thetr 
•odol i^naUtifls anH su^^coffi. Sahaii Ltvwgstos Jat, 
wife of the nuniater to Spain in 177^, "omn a leader, of 
whom tbo dang^titr of Jolin Adacw* writing &om I'arid 
ta 1766^ aaid, ** Every person who knew her when hero 
boBtowa many Qooomiontf upon Mra. Jay. Madame do 
Lafayetu taid iho waa veil !ii:<ittatnt4«d ivitli hor, and 
Tcry fond of her, adding tTiat Mrs. Jay and she thou^t 
aliV*, thai plcnuttiro might ho fo;iiid abroad, but hajipi- 
onlyat hf>niet.iii ihe society of ooe'a family and 




'CuzAacm Temtlis Wcttheop was the nignln^ 
[a of Doeton in 1786. llcr htiabdad, the governor 
of MaaaachoMttm "poaaoaiod an ample fortnne: and 
tl»y lired in s^le, cxcrcisiDg a generoua hospitality, 
mai rcMiving at thetr table most atnogen of considcra- 
tbo who come to the vktoi^.'' 

kUncT Wasbzs vnu a danghtor of Jamee Otas of 
BniUble, Ma^a. The Olla latsnly lint eottied m 
Hio|>haiD, a quiet, ancient town of that State. She 
Burted a men^ftantr and resided on a farm, continuing 
bar Bterary piimiCs, hot recei^inf*, at«o, dittiDgui^cd 
,|at«fB»-- -WAflbingten, Lee, Gates, and other offioen. 



lie 



V0XE2I OF TUS (JftSTUir. 



Mn. Adam wu bcr lifelong friend* ** Seldom bu ■ 
vomati iu ftD^ap&t*' 9Ay^ JkL». £UeC« "acquired aucb 
Koendeocy by th^ moto fon:^ of a powerfijl tntutlcct; 
and Lcr influoDr^e co&tinued to th& oIom of kor Ui&" 
Her ri'ic&rl, ilANSAa Wi^tokop of Cambridgo, ilam^ 
deiervca to bo metiUoned also in thb uonnectioEu Boih 
voDieQ had much InfliMaGO on Uwir tiows. 

Ifn. Ckox ted altfo In Uie K>ciety of Lboew dajm which 
tried mea's Aoulii, aod vomen'tf too, Slio was tbe dnugb* 
t«r of Lliar Ijutt Msurciurjr of the Prtirliice of Masoacho- 
wtta Baj\ siid ima aatd^ bj^ tJio Dae de U Itucbefoucauld 
Ltancourt, to poiBeo ** »prigbtlinc:M« koovlcdgo, a good 
baartt aod aa exoellebt t:ndcraUiidu)^/' 

*^ Tbo daughben of ^^'Uiuua bhcaJBfe of Boston inn 
notod for beaa^ and fo^liioa.'' Susaiuia elopod villi 
Capt. Molo«worlh,a iKplicwof Lord Powotiby.whowaa 
in oomUDUicI of tbe Bnmh troofw laAdlnj; at Boston. 
Margaret maniad Jolui R. Liring^toit, tiita a Boaton 
manhanL Lab/ect^ adiairod bei ; and 6b« vaa said to 
bo ao bandMona, no odo could taVo h«r pictura- The 
impaitial aun waa not tb^n kooxm a* an artist- Uelaa 
marriod Jaid^s LorvU, an oiSc«r in tho narol aarx-ice. 
At tlilri^en nbe wn>t« a |ioexa in anavrat to tlio quadloa, 
"WLatis religion?" 

Do&OTHT Qcmcnr lUxoocK was the dangbtar of 
Jud|-a Ifdmiuxi Quincy. and manriod tba goromor of 
MaaaadiKUotttf. wbo v4l» afionrarda praaidont of tbo 
Bat Congraaa. 8he waa tlia tmdanntod woman who 
ordered beraerraQta to milk tba cowa paataiod on 
ton CocaaoOt for tha aoecHunodation of bar gueata fni 
the Fn&oh float Tha antcdotoa told bj Mn* EUet 
bar and bar bosband an of oonaidarablo intaraAt in 
eantatmial daya, bat mainly prora tbam to baTa 
kindly and iotaUlgent paopla of tba &m wont von. 



130 



TOmif OF TfiS CUfTUUT. 



fodftty th&n a Uader In htr own luid ; but I loetitEort 
ber bere u au Amcriciui voouui cf pecoiini connectioott 
whoM cuno win not soon bo £oT^tt«n, becAtue of her 
boqncsl& 

AxKE BixouAu wu ft PhllAdfilphiA belli;, the d^iigb* 
tw of Thomns Willing, uid gnDd-daBj^ter of the tot 
mAyor of PhllAdetphU. At eixt4>en ibo married WUUaa 
Bingbairit And w«nt ubroad ; mttracting mnA att«&tfon 
at tine oourt of Loubt KVT. Site tben wtnt to Engliai!, 
wbm?, it ii; wA. " htT p1rgai>€6 and beau^ attimot^d taort 
adminitioa (iiAo, |ierlia:>v vnm willingly oip n iwwJ in tba 
old oourt of Oeo^ tbo Tbircl/* Lnmeiuie we«]U] eo* 
abled her to live iu luzuiy ; and Uiua her dianna wm 
displa]r«d in »ociety 00 aa to win a itcognition. Ske 
rotumed to I'hiladolpbia, where bcr boAuid built a 
ma^ificent hou^e* and abo led aooietj. **Her tijU 
illnstratcd all that vaa tmpoeing and snpcrb in ilio aociai 
Ufo i and her acknowledged judgment and taaUi in dreest 
and in the anaagenMnts of her bo«s«, bcr influocco OT«r 
all with whom the csmo in oontact, \he cplandott with 
which the was ever sarronndod, and the aridtocmtia 
ehoiacteror her partica, gave beraoelcUnt^ whtch be* 
Cttme historical In thj annala of higher ^wAki life b 
Ameriei-" ^ 

EuzAuiTTti ORAEhm pEAGTTsoia waa the daiight«i 
rf Sir William KcJtb, tlw goremor of PflnmtjiTdCUL 
She manrimd a Scotch );^iitlfruian, ten yean bet junior; 
and political di£r«rcnci^a ted to iiitxt eeparatioD; for ahe 
w&a a patriot, and he espoused tlw royal canao. 
^rtddod in her fathar'i booM, who wa« a pi 
(Dr. Thoftioa Graeme), and ooUcctor of the porL 1{ 
talents ai>d accoD^Liahmeuts rendered bor boskOp 
('mrpeoter Alanaien/ AttractiTe and odobrated. 



wous^ LHADfina t:« aoocBTT. 



iiil 



SabAQ Baohb vrw the ojily driu^hUr of Ui6 pbi- 
IxkpbiT ftQtl eUtoMBon. Dr. Becjfimiii Fnmkliiii and 
wm bom la 1' i io Scpt«iBi'>cr, IT4K Sbo 

w« & unlooa i*.j/L.....^^ii, and was i^tomincut ifi ^6 
l>ec£ toeing. litT hcnm w^ iho rond&sroiift Tor tho 
nBUniLt«« etiporloteDdith* tUo rnxkin^ of ^trta for 
'^■' "rmr. Id 1792 nh« nccompoiniod bor htubnnd, 
j1 B4cbe, to irliotn stii* vaa marHed in 1767, lo 
riO ; And two jeATs aftenrard they settJad on a 
- -V '^ tiiiraret wliera thejr oxereiHMl un* 
for TaoTiif yrara. 
I tlBntxCA FcAXRK, llie ilau^lil^r oT n iveaildijr Jcwuih 
L^KTcbiiiiU iru difilbguifihcd fci beauty, mUlligeQCQ, 
IPBd wit- Shi) mftrrifid Lieut.'fjcn- Sir Hf nrr Johp^ton, 
and Uv«d a1>road, Wken Goo. Scott vLdted het long 
jMia aftenr&rd, »Ko oxcJaitDcd, "I hare gloried In 
njrcbel eountrymonr* Sbo endcotJy fdt tliat tLe 
womvD of Ro7olt]tion«i>- da>'a abould havo been loyal 
<A tlsa §tAra and etjipe^ 

Uia. AxFia Stocstox wm a potrio:* — ihc wife of 
•Mt and Uia iiioUi«r-Sa<[av of another, signer of Uta 
DpcinraLinn of TLdc[)onclanc«. Sbo waa called '*tho 
Docbaie " for Ler rleganoe and dignity, Hor daugUttr 
JttKa bfcuito tlio Vih of Ibo c^lebratrd Dr. Deujamin 



;T AisoT KxHQ VM iho <m1jr r^-bilil of a wealthy 

I'oik mvrcEiAJit, wba wait a mo:iibi3r of the fint 

Cdalutental Con^r^&a. Sbc vrtia noted for beauty and 

ta nni^Knkd nat'ore, and at «ixte«n married Riifua 

Kift?. 

CATttKRnns SciR'Vi.Ol yrits tJio only diugUtcr cif ■ 
pttt landholder, nni ihc wiib of Gen. I'bitip Schuyler, 
S&e Taa rMnarkahle for bor rigoroua inlelJect and good 
jypi€ftti and many i&fitanoos of her horoio spirit ara 



12^ 



VOUBH OP I'UK CKNTEJILV. 



roootdfid. ** Her soeial iiiSiuiioo vu vrldaljr 
nizod, ftDd ITU trmoimiltvd to htr tccorapliabed dugb- 
ten. Tltc -second oT these, Eliulfoth, numied Alexuf 
do Il&tmlton in Ooccmlxir, 1780. 

Mn. HViisoN ^Tfts the daughter of CoL Char] 
Sten-nil^ atid wag i^lotmlrd ui K^w itmc^Tt Ixiih to l! 
d«j^a of lier giHliotxl nEitl wiiloivLootl. " In Lrx 
twyB la «u1 from tho oftiu[>, Ihfn. Wtfibiugton stoppi 
to vUit Mi^. WilN>n. During tlie iJieMdencir of Wj 
ingtou, wbeu Mrs. Wiboa cum^ to rhiUddpluA vil 
bcr d«agbtcr, und ci^tcicd MKictj. she xru dL«lJri)^ij^nl 
by p&xiicular ottcDtionA from Li» iamily. . . , For 
tom ycfti:» nftcr Ijct fnthor*A dc^itU, dhe derolod Lcr ti 
to Uio Bctllcmeut of ku 1u^ estates, ^nd tlio caro 
tvo orphan uephcivs, ouo of wliom wu tbo 
^isltod taisstonar^- aud auUiort Rev, C%arlca Sterftit.^ 
la 1808 thQ reiDOved to Cooper^ioirnt X.Y*; but htz_ 
last jfon tvorc spcut at ■ Tlio Ivakelacdt,' tbe b^aul 
ittidoua of her daughter, xtext that town. Itt^i 
vu a \0yt\f clo» of life, imivvnaUy rtiaikOCtcd and 
boboiod; It m^ht better be culled a ripening forloH 
mortality." * 

CoEXKLUk BKCJUtAX W1UI bom in 17^2, and Ilvnd 
tlie gM^t ago of ninety-fire yearn. Ilor blrlbpUoe 
on the bobka of ilse Croton. In U^e Coitlandt torn 
bouse ; Ler place of death* the old manor hcuM 
Xtnyloim. on Uio l>ank« of the lludtoa. '* Ilcr eodal 
qualities and uulounded ho^tality made her 
tliroti^bout the country. . . . Sbo wu known 
aooomi>U:d:cd lady of the old soLoot, With al 
princirlcfl. tbe lud a lof^sanat of honor; with fc 
of will and ctcm naolatioot a heart alive to all kii» 
feolingfi. In bcr prime ahe wai noted for beatitj 

i QnMU of AubtVau aodMj. 



-nrOMIlN tXADEBfl UC SDCUOT. 



1^ 



cODTtnaUoo was briUiADt nnd lutcrestlug. Auul Let 
•toc^ of anecdote weii» llinlllng uIca oFllicoldon timc< 
UcriDO&tol (ocolUes were uiJnipaticd to tbc lisu thaugrli 
badgbt failed. Cftlmlj-slic uwndtod dcjUU, wiUt tb« 
dnr faith of q Cbiulian, aud* while couuUng lh€ faiU 
iog Iteote of Ii4-r puUc witli one Lnxicl, sign^ bcr oame 
witli thu oUwr, sborlly bofora fibe bn^Uicd her buU" 

Catuzjuns PlffU>, the grond-datisbtcr of Mrs. BooJ:- 
niitii. bad the IJood of Miao of Uia tatM dUthigiuibod 

H In Amurica ui her veias^ She ^rafi carcfollf 

MltiCAud, nitj baa hospiubl^ entcitabied hct- fTitinib hi 

Xro York, and d«ivou)d her^lf to ibe cafv of ber two 

cbOdretL. Tboiigb mA n-jdly diAlliiguUbiTd iil any 

of jjublic lifB, she id ft worthy wife find uiotber ; 

Lc can but icqiect domestic virtues nnil ftOcid 

^.\S RCDD, £ift«rwftrd the wife of Jadgc Ilnuting- 

•~ ludiana, WB4 of the Carroll family of Mai^'Iaiid. 

-lA cdoc;U<;d in a oonrctit, and wii5 nccompJi^bod 

m OU130, and a itood Unj^Ltt. She nurricd, when but 

uxX^u, a Ur. iMtslkugb ; but her huflbAcd coon diod, 

lA'^ *b« iiiamed Judt^e Huntington. She "ntia tho 

r of fire cluIdroD, and died at the a^& of thirty- 

-cii, "TUft lovdj woman bad ft ruling iaflucnoo in 

<mU1 cirdea, btit one more rnloftble in the lienru oi 

l^rtw DCTTf^l tn lif r." 

Tajtela Whxiams man-lMl Gen< Jiu3ob Biown, nt 
!t* :ur" i*f dgbU'cn- " llur house was tho centre of a 
■J tvUrU" 

"' ;Fk.wa8 ft boih* m Ktutachy and ibe 

i£i luiojj^ and a Iwlcr of fuhiouable 

- Mrs. Ellet's iiofca clow witli ber prAl^ee and 

do^ptionaof hurdrcMii^ftiimttcr ctf do BinaU ini[>or- 



1^ 



woMx<d uir TUK ctuffnniT. 



(aiico (o vocl^tj loTflTv, Ami of nil nor import atsee w 
oUiera. 

Bleahoe Paeicb Cusns, tho grmnd-ilitiigliter of 
Lstlj Wo^IungtOD. She maiTied I^vrenco L«vls od 
tbo birtbd&^of ''the Chict*' 1708. Sho wa^ wonby 
of Iter rdationship io Qeoif:o and M&rtli& Wasltioffton* 

MAltCiA VaK Nnss niArried Hod. JoIiq T, Van Nca^* 
At the a^o of twenty, and bccatno a resident cf Woafa* 
ington ; aixl " their homo wo^ ono of tho moet brilliant 
and agrottbld in tho capital/' She was tbo fint Awvt- 
ioan vroman buried v'nh pulJio honorS) her buebaiul 
bting at that tvice mayor of Waihi»gt<»i. 

" One of tho intimato friends of Atra. Van Kqm, and 
ona colloil hy h«r * tho mortt pcipabr vrocnau \rbci «ui 
OTor in Washington,' was tho wife of Lovt WoodSuij 
Hecrotary of Uw luivy- Sho waa ihr dunght/tr nf H 
Asa fnapp of Purlland, tlio moat wealthy uian. at 
time, J& the StatA of MaiDO.'* 

'■ The nicco of Mm. Ynn Xeoa of Wa:diIii^'toti wu 
cekhrated as a belle, iinirersiUy admirod in the aodetjr 
of tho capitol in tho irintcr of 18^6-^J>. Sho waalDn 
ConSELtA Vah Nna, tho datij^htorof Coraeliua P. Van 
Kcosb tho OHiincnt oUtcf jasttcc, and gorcrtior of Ver- 
mont. Ho was appciuted rainbtcr to Spain hy Qtiu 
Jaokeont and cho accomponiod him, and won a high 
place atnoupt tho Spanish grandoea, Sho had « bdlUaoL 
carovr in Spain aa a liivorito in fooial eirdoe of tba 
higbert grade i and in May, 1831, tn PaHs, iho wma 
married to Jam« J. Roo»va1t of No^ York; Hon. 
I.afiiyet(e giving away the hrldo. For many ycoia 
alio was a qnccn in the t«&ding socieiy of Now Yoik. 
She hna rooanUy deoeawKi; and "Tha Nov Vcirk 
Tnbune " coDtaiocd tho following tribute to her memo- 



HIT, 

1 



woiCEX i,£Ai>sti9 isv ftocnrrr. 



Sft — Tho r^t&ftins of a Dobk Udy, Mrs- C»ni«lu 
iTvU, bare Umd tnk^a to tout dty for interment. 
10 vril) be oiiMinied oti Mth sides of the oc«ftn. Sho 
intltcd m iu>Me bdjr in li«aH, latfillfii^l^ Gtiltiiration, 
kDcl aU the gnces. For more tlun & qiraitcr of a u^q* 

Wk boiaet, afler |ttm'llu^ ovex her £hCh«rV (Mmistet 
Van Ncm'b) CKUblUlimtrnL lUr mauj- ^racei wctQ oat 
ii^relj those of ihio H^Ii-bred lady. She vu a wonaa 
qoc^oly di^tj, who hji^ ejmpathy for all MifFcnikg. 
tiAcl all the j^cco of the danifhteri of tho mot^r. 
the wifCt of the fricivd, of the sicicr of mcxcy. ThU 
i« tho tributa which all who knew her will pay to hfir 
ttanofy. W. A- H, 



Hot aifitor Maboia* manicd Sir \^^Uiua Gore Oiuc- 
left i^i>d fteoom|MUiL«d him to Rio JatieUo> tQ reproeent 
Eoglasd At the corociAtioa of the Etapcror of Bnzi]. 
She wu ft oeUbrity Ln Waahiagtoo and elBawbers fiir 
her "pereonal loTeliDees* cbanamg idadhoi^, mid m>- 
ooiDpliAlimoQti of coavonatios/' 

Mab¥ L£AVXKW(HLTa« the daughter of Hod. Joshua 
Forous, i^ uIcD:id{}d, in a ratASitro, with Um pronfimty 
of Syrocuier N<V., vhlch waa founded by her father. 
Hnr maieni^ ^^adfather vraa a member of partiameot 
f-^z OU«gow. Sho wu ni>trd for btfanty of petiOD, and 
icment of uanuefN nith mcoul powcts that aided 
itx tho management of an ample foituno. 

Eliz&bctb Boeduak Utqi, better koowa bj the 
name of hor hnabaod, Ilarri^oD Gray Otia, jun., waa 
tfai daughter of a Boston mcrchaat, and grand-daugb- 
lET of the flnt high eheriff of Snflolk County in Mt 



1S6 



WOySSS 09 mc OtLXlTBT. 



ftcbUMtlA, irho5>o duty it waa to rca<l tho proeUmaUoiL 
oE CoQgroAS wiDounctDg a ■'T^wtyof Pe«cfl bctw«ca 
QittiX Brit&ln a&d AinerJoa.'* ^ho aivd lier hiulA»d 
wen md to bo "^tbe huidaomeBC bridal |:«irin Bo^ 
ton." Of her bcTt^Tolcnt worku, mention will bo B»d« 
iQ ftflolher plnce. She vns earl; left a widow wlth^H 
joang ton^ fo^ tho nlco of wbo«o edticiitj<m tlio Bpciilfl| 
seven yeara abroad. On her return to Boston, '*»ln!^^ 
opened hi*f hmtnti for Snttirtlfty tiKMtiing rc<»!pl>ons, tuwi 
ThimMlaj^ evi^ii^ tolritt^ cooductinl on liiA Intnt^ 
pUn of tea nr^ cakes. Sbo did not v«tj tluA umple 
atylo of cDtctUunDQenU oren when o&ang^Ts of di»* 
tmctioD wcw her g^icate.*' ITic itcord of bor lifo 
worthy of a volumo by it^lf ; and, now that ahe hai 
dGparte<l to tho higher life, it ia hoped that Amc 
Uo^phioal literature wfD be enriched 1>y U- 

KiJZAUKTU CRrrTE)n>SK, the daughter of Dr. J 
W. Mow, vaa bom Ui Kentucky, but aoon reuored 
the Weat. She mia twke widoved, and then, in 1868; 
tuarricd Hon. John J. Crittenden, then attomey-general 
of tho United Slates. She was a favorite and leader Id 
faxhiuitalili^ cmrfrji wliilo in Wuhtngtm, and PimnUbrt, 
Kj., and, after her husband's deaLli, dispensed elegant 
boipitAlltj' m New VorV Citj'. 

Mrs. filYiiA Clakk Gaines has been at difleient 
timca prcnunent tn socivtj in Washington. It la aDdcr^ 
■tood that a volnraci eiabodving the eingitl&r bUtotjr 
her efforts to obtain bor father*^ oeCate, ia to be pc 
lUkCd. She ia moatl/ known En connection with 
moat oxtraordinary oaao in the anoab cf 
juriaprudenco. 

Mra, GnJ'Df, fonnerly the widow of Hon. L S* Joh 
iton, then tlie widow of Hon. H^^nry D. GUpn, baa 
a ruling influence in the society of PhiladcIphbH 



VOICXV L&ADEOd £K SOCIXTV* 



157 






the duiglktoir of ft dktlnguUhecl snrgwni ; vul in & 
bcftW of wealth, ftftcr y«4rs uf tnin-l lud eiijoymeat 
ibira^ disposKWil A regal bcApitatity, eEpocially to thft 
lOTOs of art uiil Ittemtnre, Sliu li» been ActiTe In 
btaeTDlcnt ^nirk?. Siva 1% menttoxieil bj ^tr». Eliot aa ft 
lockty-qmeeD worthy of bighest esteem. 

y:x IliuocWAr, t^\it dAo^ttx of » PliiJadclpkift 
rcluiDL Vfho n-n^td Ubard, bocnmo Mrs. Hush by 
ber T&JWTiAgo to m fioa of the cdcbrated Dr. B^ujomln 
Ruli, one of tKe signers of the DccUratioD of Indc- 
pet)d«nco. Woftltb bolongmg to both hasbaiid and wife, 
it wai dvy for ber to becomo % loader in ^ishicDabto 
ciralcA. SFi« was peealiAT; and ber aockl taat<swer« 
DOi ftbarviJ by httr buibuid, who oftea eat dIodo in bfa 
UbniJ7, absorbed in study, when tbo rest of tbe bouse 
was » accno of bttwildering gayety. Mra. EUct (]eTotes 
terer*] pages to tho history of UiU wuniAn-ldatler ia 
^ io c<cty> Sl»« AM ill 1857- 
^HMrvL. CoTEXTRY WADi>eix wa3« bcforo ber huA* 
^^Kbd^a noao nrpfOHruUMl ber, Cbarlotle Augusta Soutb- 
^^kk. Bom amkl luxury, aod alrraya acctKtoiDCd to 
ttcat wrolliktht tonor of bfrr life cftn bo easily uaagined. 
Dcaeriptionflor berpartied^aad iha cIcgoiKC of ber atttic, 
were oonunon in tho papcn \ and Mia. EUet fonuabes a 
portion of tbetB to ber roadcra, 

■'C3aiJBSaiAl7UliERJ,'*saysMrs. EOet, '^iaaPbila- 
i^bta oalobrity io «oc£«(jf who baa added tbo fnsdna- 
tOB of Tar« bkiil in tocbJ dii^ic, and atUl rarer pawe» 
rf diainatio oxproaaLoa h^ an amateur eomedieime. to tho 

EittEaetioa of great bc«iity/* 
I JEidaiiis OctAVix Lx Vebt "ban reigned aa a bells 
nliftlb btnibphemi ; baa reoeived tbo cbiTolnKiB admi* 
mam, allto m tba Dortbam and aoolbem eectwca of 
Ik OuitfJ Subeo, » well as in tbe courtly cixtlm of 



12B 



WOKBK OP TB:B CV9TUBT. 



Gnat BilUiD md Co&tioontol Biir»pe, oad, at tlia 
time, has bovct been Assailed bj Uie tb^ts of envy 
C4klaiiiiij-*'* Her gmad^itber vns 0«ti. G«(>rg« Wol- 
too, ooe of the sigaors of tbe DooUnticti of ladepend- 
enc«, ftitd oftenr&rds govenior of Oeor^a. B«r fatl»t. 
Col. Walton, irfts it milUon&aire irben be married the 
daughter of an mnlnont Uvjor of Owngin, — a wutsaa 
of bHUiant aOGompllaliinentiS and Uagd fortune. At 
fiuber iraa goromor of Ftondii. " Uiq liUlc OoUi 
Locume early iaimlbr nilh aocidv. Her f&Uier 
gmt pains vith hci cducatioa. Boforo she van twcl^ 
yeoifl c}d, ahe oouM irrito and ooiivene ia three Ian- 
giugea ; and often the colonel took ber into hii offloe, 
to tnuuUt«, from the Prencb or Spatu«h, letters oo&- 
nected ^th impditoat a£bura of state. Perched on a 
high ttool, tbo little giil intcipTvt^ her foref 
d«Bpatches with f^reat exaotacea.*' * 

Mife Walton mamod Dr. Ilonry Lo Vort of Hoi 
in tS36, who di«^ iu 186$, "-' having been on invalid four 
yeajs, tenderly nunted by tbovifo whom he blemed wii 
dying breath.'' Other reladTes baring abo dJdd, al 
" vraA left alooB in the world with hi-r two yniing 
tent " But idie retained Uio -Jea.iiiig ntauuetv, and 
nohlfl qualitJM of lienrt and mitid, which rendvrrd \ier a 
favorit<; tn caHier dayn. The ch;utge of fortuno irl 
abe knev in lator yc^n did n^t dlaaiotah ber povrer 
diarm ; ibo ma a CaTorlte in ftociely till death, erer wc^ 
com^ reip«oted, and beloved. 

Mm, Adruciji CnxATnAM, fonocrly Mrs. AoJ 
vas the daugbter of OUrer B. Hayes of S.'mth II 
Uaaa., who wna one of the pioi>ecni of the m:ddl<» di^ 
Ion of Tennessee, and married a daughter of a w««it 
farmrr of thnt Stat». He wiu an emitkcnt lawyer, 

■ Qnmn» oi Amarttao > K> Ky . 



WOM&S LKAMEKA Uf ftOClETV. 



ll»9 



tflcrwmnl & deif^umi. auil iff^u tn jioHMiiUOii of a laigo 
fortttm;. Uu ct^iuglikr wu coit^qttc&vlj Htirroacidcd 
bj &II the Adrautaf^ of we&Ith and cultorc. SJio iras 
minicd In cari^ jouth to 4n opulent planter of Louioz- 
4nft. who Ured but a few ycare, a&d baqQC^tbcd lua 
i3an>ctiM foHnne to hi< bolorcd w:fo- The joung 
iridow w&d ftOQKht bj niacy, and ^altv ciarnc<i Col* 
JnupbAokloOvaD eminent Uvjor. Ho lived butn fov 
jun; and, fiborUy aft«r hii death, Mrtt. Acklcn went 
lo Enropu iritii her two cMidren> where her accomplisli- 
iMnts and weaJlh guw her uutrance to the first HOCietj- 
£li« tviaiued to her princely borne in NftAhvUlo, and was 
a*cnoeat«8der in so<iM (lirchM. She imiminl Dr. W. 
A. Cbnitluuii ftir her thiid hnshamd, and ui said to ba 
iguialml for duuitica as for social graces- 
lAimtA Tp^cb SrjjnrAED ^'vaa a c«kbrat«d 
in faahionabla aodety in lUchmond. Va.* whoi9 
liTsd tliix^ jcat9* She nmn educated In Ballinicret 
mankd at a very early age. llcr bouao was tho 
biimcd when KIchmcnd vna iu i^ut destroyed, and 
cloBO of tbo war &be vnni to Kuropd.'* Sho has 
nftnm^d, and wlH make her hojne in Frodarioka' 

"AtftitherdiAUti^niUl.vd Udy, [TOminftiit in all nobla 

vorica, ii* aha luw been hi a«:ti*?ty by right cf iniellecttud 

P&» and (iumniuj; manDcra, i« %Ilk< EMn.v MxaoK of 

"'--. Ellet. Daring tLe war, h«r prop* 

_- i. .. ^. . , niiJ s\k went to Um honplUls, tind 

1 b«nalf warlliy to ha called a voinan-lcailer in 

UUf tirc!«s than iht^o of £i>calkd "fiocwty-" 

JuaJK Bkstos Vniuo-ST, the widely kaown dangh- 

^ S^mxtor Deiitciu ha3 historic £iiiic from htf 

with her hudraDd, Gcd. ['i4^icoiit« ai>d bifl 

jloriif; expediliona. ■* Vety few vromcn hi tlia 




130 



WOUCy OF TUB CBSTIJUT, 



United StatM hxvQ 4qiul]«cl ^Irs* Pi^mo&t io bnllu 
ej of conTeruUon. Almost U All time*, her Ulk 
eparkling, flofihing, it n»ay be said, wiUi lively vit bod 
pioturuique Uliuirftiioa,-*-onmi])cnt ui uiutudied, with 
&], u tho play of a etiniit fountain, Iler mttjcisms im 
continuHlly i^p<at«il tn scickty. It U ifac grttmt cluinii 
of Imt liunvor tiud repsrtae, tbat the/ aro peifocUy sjhjo- 
taii«cR»* . . . Ilcr Rppcoranon and maoDor are than 
Qioaltj thought (Iblirtctivfi of tti EuglUbwocnan, and 
sttikiDgly Ukc tboM of licr £atber. Uer fonn is nltxr 
above the oordinary heights qJecdidly firoportkmdl i 
and bor fact is very baodfomo, and fuU of intellectual 
cxpiwttlori ; olir&ya lighted up ^-iLIi tl»o gloir of a brij 
spirit and th« benovclcnco of a gcDorous heari.** ' 

But the IfmiU of this chapter forbid furth«r ntotli 
of the voumq vho havg been, or ar^ leaden id the 
circUa of oar land. Mrs. EUot's book vDl afford fi 
knowledge of tfao£6 to whom reference b herein 
and the laeiitioD of oiher^ uot nnlcnown 1o social 
among tltO vrocneti of tfas paat and prenent oeninry. 




THt CHtATCfiT OF TliC^C 
It CUAttTY 



CHAPTER V. 



mtiuAnrmRoinc womes. 



OuntlihEtiw - Uv^am Prior — Uarj Lodyar4 — EnU Uoorn 
Ida U-*i> — PUbrr T*tI«i'« Vnd<«ice4 Prtcnd — ^t*\t nofTmiTi 
ImMOt tmUium^Sr^ilU C n^fftitin — ]-j*l^ Uvm mict — 

UIE kiDrjDomorTniraiiiiwproveHjiflL PhlUnUiropy 
■ iiriwl lij ri-tnlninc mrn (nut 

<_ CrikiVr miii:t-ij, Mutigo 
}^\* tuaiui^ lu Ibe viildH of ATrica, fotin<I irotntu a 
■-1 nl] tW tigcj* h.ivi* ^Imwh ibat 
iiLtu Ui eiipii^ in j>1iil3uttiiv^|)to 
■aftU Isfur man to 1>e vnriikc oiict fond of tbo 
So Mary M. Cli«e could wle truthfully, — 

UI 



\Z2 



VOUEK or THB CCHTtTBT. 



*■ Wlkftt if lo p«til«)U«J oeU who^s rei7 ail V 4e«U, 

Thim tMith hrrfrmWtirpMM ffmhrt, hTf^ll'TrJiTr b««nlMtfiL 
Tb«datk«irof (bft|iri«att^a>elMr«»m-wLit«p.nna)UBUnwt*' 

And tvory nader of the reconU wlileh b1a» with lh» 
glory of ** good^'WiU to men '' will rrrnt^iiabpr nriili loving 
iBTntDCO thtt DSin«t of RlixaWth Pry ninl Floranc« 
Klgbdngale,— the name of tbo one forovcr wedd^ to 
tbo tliotiglit of Newgate iukI its pnsooers, wbo lion] 
with joj upon her lips «s &Ji6 r«ad iioni the won] of 
God to tbcnii or lifted her voice in colema pnijrcr; dia 
tiuue of the other hleuded irith the recolleotioaa of tha 
CniDCftT and the thOTight of the eoldicn in thoee faoqi^ 
talA tvho gladly kkscd tho Rbadow of their good ai^^^ 
vboee philanthropjr waa the guaran^ of ibetr oontet 
ia the hocur of o^d. 

It fau boen tho sam^ with Atuerican womea: ool/^ 
their names haro geldora been emhlatoned on the ecroU 
of &tne« and perhfti» mH nereT reach the oelebntj of 
those wliom England and all civiliicd cotmtries ** dnligbi 
to hojuxr." Yet our tint oentojy has sltowo the Uuited 
State* to bo bonoinl in the posnnuou of mich women 
aa are worthy to be u^uaed with &f». Fry In re«>peoi lo 
deoda of philAntJuopjr and honcTolonce. 

The autiicr of " Koble Deeda of Amerioau Wocnoo " 
mentions Siuan Huntington as a vroiuan vllh the yqej 
apiiit of Ibcr who made atich aiigcUo visit* to Loodoo 
pri^nera. She vas bom Jan. £7, 171>1 { ma the daugh* 
ter of one mhiuter, and wife of another; tbo bttar 
biMCg podtor of the lustono Old South Church of IkM- 
fU3, Ma«s. llur njemoir was vritten hy her huaband' 
eucoeasor in Ibe patatorate, mid paased through 
editiooa in Scotland. After <^he wm a widow aha 
robhf^d of |ewo1iy by a yottcg woman ; and at the 



ISJ 



woiisff Of m osxicuT. 



At that time b Oiiptut, but In 1819 iiJiit«d witli Uie 
MctbodisU. When the N«ir York OrpliAn A^luai^ 
w«s inatiUited, eht vaa ona of the numAgcrs, and ever 
&ncr engaged in rimikr good irorka. Or her Mlf-dec^ 
ing hnbita aad aelf-fiurificing labora, one caa Imto b^ 
reading a bckok ectiUcd " Wnlks of UiwrnloMat ei^ 
Baniaiaooooos of Margaret Prior." In eoop-bouae^j 
and aa a dtj nufisioaa^ among tbo poor, bar 
irerearduousi aikd elie adoptcdsevendcliQdran. She 
numbered amcng thotiu ixctire Chriatiuia, of 
tire theolcgicB] opLrt&otu, and large heart* who un 
fodosUioua in ** organtiing ^*«ci^aj and mh\ 
schooU, iDdustnal auoolattonj, aod t^mpermaca aodfitic^j 
cataUwhing loap-bouften and OTp]*Axi'«»jliuQat Tiiitij 
tbo sickt the poor* the tdio, the culpnt. tbo outcast: 
pobting the djing to a ii^n S^rimir, leading the deiti- 
tute hy the hand to a place of relief, the idle to hooaei 
of induetr^t and warning the outlaw and the oorrupl 
of the oerlain and terrible doom that would attend 
peraietODef in their do^-nimrd oomao. With the sweets 
neast gflntleneee, einiplicity, and detkoacjt ao beoonunf 
in wovnan under all dreumatanooar were blended tn ber 
cbai«cter, energy that waa oncoEtqueTaUe, ooorage 
that danger could not blench, and fiRnnau that honun 
poiirer oould not bend. The oontemplatioo of loeb a 
cbanictTT U »up«wficial, if it does not proinpt beDamlent 
feeliogA, re-aHDrm virtiKwa reeolnbiooa, and revire and 
etrengthcn drooping pietjr." 

If wrrice to the Boldiera of IJbertj waa ever phUan* 
thropic, as it alimji ie» it woa surely ao in the daj whan 
Fort Griswold wae attacked by the Biittah, and tbe 
city of New London, Conn^ burned. Hiatociana record 
the cnioltj of the Briti^ ^oldiete aa almoet inerediblo^ 



18^ 



VOUEV OF TU£ CBffTl?ltY. 



tattler's bumblo jct bonor^tu c^d^iDfr^ vUo itf ever reudjr 
to leu<l a helping hand, And tibruibi Irciu tici tliuger, if 
duty poiau liiut ^ny. In t!ic gloom anil Urror of Uit 
fltomy tU];)it, Amid poriU at all liours of Lh« day wxd 
fttiMasonaof thojov, vfat bin Lauocbcd h»r bark od 
Ibe tbnttening iFBvea, and has ustittKl Uvr aged and 
fet^1« fathvr in vaviiig tha Hrot of twunty-o^a puiaona 
during Xhs last fiiteeu yeesm,'' 

Ida Ltwia, vho bu» boon tennnl'^tbo Grace I^u* 
ling of America," u a Kewport bexouM. Col. Oramt^ 
too, Uie ortut. 1ms made an iiitcreating word-picUiro of 
this noble young irciuaii acd bor deeds of beroum. 
She ia \Jbtt daughter of C»pt. Hosea Lcwi> of JLiogbiuD, 
Maea.. and woa tuioed aft«r lior motb&r, Jdavalley 2/(y 
nula Willay, vrba ym^ a duu^hur uf a Block Ldand 
physicwn, Pr. Aarou C. Willey. Ida wa« born ou Feb. 
25, 1S42, and vrat Gftceo vrhftu htr patents moved to 
Ume Kook Lighthouae. UqiU that time sbe had at- 
tmulad ibo public achool* of Hotrport. Hvr fittbtr 
becoming jiaralyUc. abe waa obliged to use the onrSf and 
bni^ all Die aiippli^ lo tlie li^iUtouAei and rov bar 
btotlieni and Btat^r to aud from aoboel. Heuoo aln 
hocwne an export rovcn luid vna aa fearleaa ou iLa 
ocean aa oCbeta oa ibe laud, lu t^u iall of 18SS all* 
tot gnitified bci pbLbintliropio nature, and won a place 
aiaoAg the brave, by raaotting four young men from 
diowuiiigt wbon tlieii ptcoaunhboat had been opsct 
tliTOngb roekloagneaa. She waa than but aixteeii. Kt^aX 
yaara after, vbon Ida tud barely reached the age of 
Giuoe Darling, «be rescued a drowning Mldtur irom the 
neigh U?ring fort. In 1367 aba rescued three Imhiu^u 
who were out ia a boat tiller a nbwp vbkb wua driftit^ 
out tu RML 'nH'ir«kLlJ and aiumge failed them, and 
amid the whil^'capped InllowB they w«ro powin^loi« to 




\ 



140 



woMfix or xas obttubt. 



oars, npoo wbouo dezteroufl oaa depdixU, undAr Prori< 
dcncc. the uvmg of the lives now co vndj thr«ftteSMKL 
Narcr before were tii«»o h4a(ia ao tri«d| lli« strength oE 
hoi wDtnaa'* oxm so tostc^tt w thoy miut bo by tbo 
tfrufo^lo of Co-dajr. Pull bravely, girl, tfaong-li the gneo 
biUowa, oroflt«d with foiiin, oome flying over the ofm 
boat, dreDclung iu ooeopuiU to the sldni «&d ev^ry 
iovtiiDt thre&tetung tbeir destnictioa. Pull bnvety.ticir 
beed tha da«h of Uio billonn, the bUiu!in{^ rain, or the 
muttering stoim. For ^met eucceast Vkd k naticui'i 
eaoomionH vait u|Mtj] your exuriJonit ; ot, it coay bo (bai 
abe DOTOr peuaod to (hiak of UiAt), & watery gnve 
be«ide ttio»d whom you nm endu*runng to »Te. Mo«o- 
wbtlo, tiM mothor has nube<J out mto ihe etornu uid, 
legftrdJeeo of Iho weather, tnkes hor itftod opoo the 
rook, wUdly geetioulAtutg, and aDuweiicig the criea of 
tbo diowmog moci. in the bope thfit they may bo co- 
eooragod to ooDtiime tbctr efforts for Ufe by the pro*- 
poot of suooor. it ie oU she can do, and »he does 
it irell. - . . The Tooe for life ii accomplbhed, the 
drifti&g wrook ov«rtakeD« und its exhausted crew odd 
DOW UtmLi to Ida'A wreath of well-eamed fame. Once 
more in a place of ufety* Uiey speedily regain the 
l^it, whore Svigt. Adam* b barely able to (oUer up 
to the hotmOf while lus oojQpaiiH>D U eo W gone that 
their umt«d vtrerigUi U nviiiired to remove hlia from 
the boot. Su eud?i tlie atory of our heroine'a explotto. 
— deed» worUiy of cmulaUoQ. wbioK in the grmud old 
dflyi of doauo Qreeoe oud Rome, would have gained 
the Bpplaoae of Bonateet ood been pcrpeUioted throtigb 
the Aculptor'e ui&rble» oad upon the hlatofioa'i tehlel 
of briA, to ogcii yot unbcm/' 

A idlrer tnedal aud u chock for one baodted doUon 
trere awarded Ida Crom the Life^viog BeoeTolasI 



142 vroucM or thk cK?^Tijitr. 

wu Ibo vidoweil friend of turn who vm tCLcrwdi 
tinomi fts '■FaUicr TVjrW," — Ui« Rev- EJinuii T. 
Ttt^W, ihit Aucceeaful proachcr to coixaeu i& BoAtiXi. 
£>ko W4a ODC who found her bnppinCM 09 tsany voiDett 
<I0| iu 

■ud, M she resided in an ignoniit uid vicious ii«igLbtt- 
bood, i;tie tucd to open her little front room for pnyer- 
meetiu^, and 50At;«rod «ecd on ihe and ^iL F&thar 
Ttylctr, thta & gay saUor, attouded, and beoane lo- 
teroetod in religioua truth. He was summoood to eea, 
aodwat ntadoa |tHA)neriit Halibx. Tbevrldov vbiud 
ber relatires there, and, in a pbi]miithro|iio Bptiit, 
Tuited the pruon. "' In <nw apaiimoDt were tlio Ami-ri- 
oau priaoneia. As she apt>n>aehed tbe grated door, a 
Toice abouted bci name, calling berinotli«r; and a jroutb 
appeared, aud leAjied for joy at the grate. It ma tlw 
loat aailor-boy 1 Tbcy ^'cpt and convened like uotber 
and aoui and. wh^n ahe left, aha gave bim a Blblci — 
hid future guide and comfort. During her stay in llaU- 
tuxj ahe conitautly vi^ted tbe prison, ^uppjylng tb« 
youth with tiactE, religious booka, and doUung/* Long, 
yoara afterwarda, aa aged EnglUi loeal prtsacher i&ot 
Father Taylorm BoBtou; and, aa they ooorerMd, it waa 
finind that lii« wife wa« tbe aaine philanthropic widow* 
Father Tkylor ha^tenied away, and In a abort time 
rc^aclMrd the nviidi<nce of iUiA locid prracbrr, with all 
hid family, aud iuLn)duoed hbiuelf an (he aatlitf-lioy at 
ihc prayer-owctlDg and the pnaou. One can milj 
imagine tbe scene tUiit followed. Her lahcra, ikhe 
found, had not been in vain in tbe Lord. 

laABELLA Gkaiiau came to tluii country frpm 
land, and in lit!^ «ctUcd in New Yorlc She waa nt 



ponjUfTUfiorio woinot. 



H: 



tig tbfi latter port of Iicr lUOi for her CliriAtiAQ 

ivoWcLce ; »ad Uicugh uot propeil^' a eubjo«t for 

in tbU Tolun>u, ^liioli Ainu to mooUon thoen 

in Qor $tAte« toaiiilyt »he ooiDroeneed ao mftny 

iew>Ir^t «ot«sqiri«os, tiid htir in(li;euco 10 «o wid«lj 

id nuoa so veil known, amoD^f tbe ^hikjithroplo 

of Afiwriua, i)int o»fi im jiintiflcn) in n3|r«nling 

hat m^vnn of tlio itoUble wouieu of tbe century. She 

niflt it B nilc to give a tenth {mu'I itS ber eAmm^ to 

rdJ^ouH a&d cluiiUM^ purpodea. a rule wliich It vould 

bo wvU for all CUrutijui woimeu to Adopt, lu 17^6 &liv 

rvwTtd. At odM timo* an Advao^ of one tbouuuid 

doUan oa ih^ ulo of a Uam which ohe held on eomo 

bttildui^'ioU I andt tiot beinjE osed to euob large profits* 

nbi aiud, od rAcosving tlio lacney, ^^ Quick, quick, tot 

EM AppTOpriato the teuth. before id}' h^rt ^vr^ hard/' 

She aaiiatAd to OAtabtich a sociAty for the relief of poor 

vidoww, and wan first direotxeas. Her biography, bj 

MrVi Bethune, gives acconntH of nannnmits dmiUr 

cbATjUe* vtiich ^le orgaaiinfd or proiuotad* Slt« Bt«rted 

daj ftcbools, and eaitAblsli^d labbatli ftcfaoohs VBsted the 

alEos-houao, aod ttlte&ded U> tbe liutjticUoii of ibe 

^duldiwn tbsre, Oo March 12, 1806, a societj- for 

citabliftliiog an ofpbaiHisylajQ \tm fomwd. and 9bt vaa 

tha prAmdijkg officer. '*ln Lbe viator of 1S07-8, whoa 

Ui« sosfwiksioti of comincrco by tJiij embargo rendered 

the aitoatioci of the poor more de&Utule Iban ereri 

ftbe parehaeed flai, and lont vrheclt^; " a&d tho ukdoa- 

inr>%ti poor ipOA and wov^ iJte fbx, which irs^ after- 

'i taade into taUedotJie and tovrala for tho family 

Ma. Gimham was ps^dent of tbo board of tadjAS 
nio foparintvDilrd thv Magdalen AavIuid, and asakted 
in fmaiag a aocieiy for promoting industry amofig tli9 



141 voiuE!T or Tos cnrrvsT. 

poor. Sbo di«l July 27, 1814. Of bar ft wbs said, ■§ 
of DoTOts, " Tbia woman wsta full of fp>od workm tad 
aIiomI^iU wWch *lw did.** 

Sarah Hoffmas vns one of liftr valtwd coadjuton. 
Sho W4* iltti^bUrr nf Juilg« David Ogileu of New Yoric; 
bom at K«wvk. SepU 8» 1742. mairiod MEcbolan Holt 
Doo to 1762, If, u Granger decUiw* •— 

" Tki hdgfat ol viitao \m to •ftrr* mukbd,'* — 

die KMbcd tbat beight, ")Xr8* Hoffman, with Mn. 
Onbam aixi thou Awociates, oftan {Mrasibalated tba 
dUtrictfi of povortj and diaeasa from morning till mgbt, 
fTnt4>riiig the hnt» of wiint and daaoUtioiit and carrying 
comfort and coDitotatlon to many a despairing heart. 
TboycJamber^ to tlie liigfi^^nrrd DiMuiest garrets, and 
deMwnded Ui tlm hiwt^l, daik^-At. and daakecit oeibia, 
to arliniiiist^r to tho wsnU of the deatjtute, tbe uoktaiMl 
Uie dying. Thtj took vnth them medicine, an well aa 
food ; and were accustomed to administer Chrutiaa 
couomI or consolation, no tbo case rc<iuircd. to the infirm 
in bodj* and tbe wretched ia heart Thoj even tiiitE*ht 
many poor crcatnrc9. who acomcd to doubt the existence 
of an OTcrmling ProridciKC, to pray to Him wboae laws 
thej had broken, and therobj rendered thoouelna 
miaerable.'* 

Tlie foundor of the beneTolecit iti»UttiUoQ known la 
the ChnpEn Home, in New York City, iraa a iToman, — 
SoriiiA C. HdriTMATf, — anAtlvo nfShifljdd, RrrVxbira 
Couiitj, Maas. In her eariy life an Inralld annt> by her 
own >»17cnitg with a Booan of depandooce, impranad 
upon Mr». Hoffman's mtnd the importaoce of a home 
where aged women who had bean aocmatomed to tba 
ot^mforta of a competence In c&rEerdajra could feel inde- 



14« 



WOUKN 0¥ THE CKXTpBY. 



not Llio oiily duiHlalile ia;iso to trludi tlut wum&D ot 
pbiliiitliropy hMA giren Aid. She is to be tiaialvered 
nha Mnum^ tbc refonncT:^, lu (mo of tljo dm* trrAAuron 
of ibo AfflOcmtioD for Lbo AtlvaDccmoat of Wonuot 
•nd A rice- president of tlie Wofnnii s OaatoDUT A«hm> 
itioa uDOog Ui« UiuTOTaaU^tA. Bui the Cbapiti Home 
wn4 RspiMtAlly bcr vrorki udoc frozs <arij jonth shfi 
hiul planoed eueh & oluritr, and wliile In £uropa 
Tiatodaiany«uch bomes lo Great Britain u>d on the 
Coudnent, tbot tho miglit atadf Ihelr metliodftf a&d 
doTeU^ a plan for a Balf-eostoining and perniaii«at 
l&fttitiiUon. "And tUus/^ oa a fHonil wrilca, *^ wbtn 
bir fortune £0 smiled on her that tbo could cofonaBd 
uonej enough to Ht&rt tl.o rat«rprU«, «h« did ao 
tiiot with the band of a iiovioe, but wlch a luuul strong 
to fulfil tli6 pledge mado to licr mt\i\ in ita apring* 

CuAwrry Ttor>uAX proTod b«iself worthy of h&r 
nftme. She woh hom tn Newport, fL L, Ka liBTi, 
and raorned Tbosna llotch of Noctticket, Jtuio 6, 
1790. He died In 1823, and Uft a luffe amoont 
of property at hcrdifponl. She 6»tabUehwt a school 
fund for onihi&n and destitute cbddreo, vliUb four 
OT five yeara after her death, ■*vluob oocnrred on 
Ang- 6, 18^, amounted to twenty Ihotuand doUatv, 
The interest of thb earn baa sinoe porobased a tt^rm of 
n hundred and c!ghtr-fiv^ actee, one and one-hftlf mitoa 
from the vJUage of MisdUon, O., and eroetinl. i: a 
nMt of Ave diovsand dalUrs, a hirge bHcIc edtfloo for 
ediKailenal and dvrelllng porpoflesi, whteh has been 
opetiKeven yoan«, and which siKtaiQ^ forty ptipila. The 
real and pcrtorjJ entale of Hit itiHtitution in noi 
mat^id at thirty-five ihouvAiLd dullmk A oU»of 
pn^tUa enteia annually, aod remune ft^ur yeata. 



148 



WOSfCS OF TRB OnHTITBT. 



iUriW th« he^rt of th« mdor, «nd oiakft one glad to bf 
In Ji trorld wliero cucb wocnoD Uftv« lived tnd Ubond* 
Iae>u Maku Child vad one of thote 
pUu u-licKo lUilo poa WDO othvm ic Om adTooBej of' 
freedom, ivhllo pTOToldng aUo iho [reJoiUce of Uia 
Sonih. f^!ii^ WAX n Fr«nci«, born m \fnttrncf!, Mmk-, 
F«l>- tl, If^O^ but putted hdr^wrijr Lfoin Miuivo. In 
Uie "Enintrnt Women of the Age,*' b an extendsd 
biogmpliicnl »ketob of tUm noble iromAn, wriUen bj 
CuL T. W. lI:|:0in3Dn> FurUinr monlinn will be mmda 
cf 1lt^r in Uie cbaplor dovotod U> literaty iromeo. DiU 
bcr libcrarj fifne* Ihoagli tct^' greaU is iilniwt ocli p xd 
l>j tbo uQse of licr pbUaathiopifi ^unL The exetcb* 
of tb£5 0Qb]c tfpint ciuAcd her books to fnll into radd^tt 
obeeority. She anticipaUfd tbia wbon ahe wroto b«r 
"AppcAl" in bobalf of Uio poor clavo. Ilcr vrord« 
bad Uio Spartan ring and tbe ChtbUan manjr tone ai 
iho said in ita pro&oot ** 1 un folly aivaro of Uia anpop* 
ul&Hty of the ta^k I havo underjikGn ; but, tbougb I 
txpect ritliculo ftDd csensniOi I cnnnnt fear thora. A 
few yoan beaco^ tho op£nk>Q of tbo irorld will b« a 
niatt4tr in wbich T havo not even tbc m'>$t transi«Qt 
Inlerent ; but tliln book irlU La abroad on ita mtnicm u{ 
bumjudty loDg aft«r tbo band that wrote it ia uungling 
vriUi ibe dii«t. Slwald it be iho nie«na of advanciag, 
eren one oin^e hooit tba ineyitablo piognaa of trntb 
and jofldctft. 1 would not ezcbnn^ Lhc conaotonsiio« for 
aD HotbscbUd'e v«allb, or Sir Woltor'e &mo*'' Tlu« 
was tbo first aati-elavary work in book-fonn erer 
printed in America ; and OToa Dr. Cbannii:^ attributed 
a portiou of hia aati-elavcry teal to tliia book. In 
work a« a pbilanthropiat, at vrtll ea a Utenrj w< 
Mi«. Child aasi«t«d her husband, the late Duvid Loai 
Child, Eaq., to edit "Tba Anti-ilaTflrj Standard/' aatj 



160 



WOMKH or TUB CKXTU&T. 



UiggiDaon closed hj« sketcb with thd words, " No 
rotiremcDt c&n hide ber fron tho pmjcr* of tliofo wlw 
were Tcsdy to periih wbea thet Gnt know h«r; uul 
tho loTO of tbc^ whose lint sho tuu ootiohcd from 
ohndhi>od will follov ber foding «jres td th«j look 
towott] suowt, and, aftor li«r dtpaitingt will k«dp bft 
EQemory gteon " 

There i« nnollicr womsn of tbs first oontory, «:ill 
liogenng ou the HhoKa of time to bleu Uioeo vlio ■'^h 
btouik) her, lu «J»9 has blessed the world for e^4^H 
^«ua,^LuoBETtA Morr, Cus |]1iiljuil}iro|iio woman, m 
well DA tho Quftkor pucacher. Sbo U *^ & o&tiTfl of the 
Ulaod of NenUoket, of the CoSm uid -Mitcy* on tbe 
btber'd side, 4nd of the Folgen on the zBOChcr's ; 
through Uicm rtUt«<l to Dr. Fnaklb. Boro in 1793 ; ** 
brought up to bo useful ia tbe fantil^; tn ISOi, re- 
mOTcd to Boaton* and elndiod ia the pubUo mud pnTftio 
schools then. Afterwards studied in the FHtuds* 
Boudii^ School in DutehoM Cocoty, K.V,ttLud then 
became & teacher there^ thouf^h but fifteen years of age. 
At thu cctrlyage of «ightotD she mniriod Jamas Mott 
of New Tork, aod removed to Philadelphia, wbofa she 
bw junce iwilad, dwelling now ia a lovdy eubtnbaa 
retreat which she odonta and makes aUraotive to viHit 
ora from manjr landak Mn. Sonle writ«s thus of a 
Tocent riaiit:^ 

"I go wbtre I have toug^ wanted to go, — to the mot' 
tree that sbelten the Teu^rablo Ltioretia Afott. [t ii a 
lovely homot staoflijig in a lawn of apotles boa 
Part of tho boitae b old ai;d of Quaker simplicity; 
pvt of it modem, and* Uiovgh coirespoodiD; with 
old«r pari, yet ta^toTuUy elegaot Wc count it a great 
privil^Q to have seen Friend Mott in her own homo, 
qnera of the hou^ohold, ah che baa long been quaoo oi 



1£1 



wouzx or lOB cEsmv. 



tibboou' Biftb oiAde Victoiiu a quMo; but bcrowv 
pure, sweot life inakee LacreU» Uott 4 quoiiu — qi 
of a realm on which tlto lun borcr mU, ibfi retlia 
huiaaxut>'. If ei;ex ftuy wom&n ■iabento<l Ui« eivth/ 
it ts this bloawod Quak«r womui. J *;luU oarr>* tli 
naemorj of this liHef €aU vlUt me till I meet lier In cliff' 
higher bomo.** 

A CaiUifiil ijEcUire U thm given of tb» KaiDll^ womuk, 
— Ihe '*Sjuut Lucretiii'* of thmo who bov at tb« 
■liriiitt tit rrfonii tuid |)hiInijUir<>j^ in Amsrioa. With 
har 

'« Everf vriiAle b a Ike ot bMS^i " 



u>d obe loiig aso leuiied Uovr to " grow olJ g»c«fiiilj/' 
Combo^ the phroDclogiift, proaounc«d her head tht 
floest be bad erer eeen en a vrocnac ; and It iraa well 
iaid bj Theodora TQtoih that, "in tho aaioo so&ao in 
which llie greatest tnau ever produced in thla coniitr)* 
wae Denjatain FraDkUot iSm groateat woman ever pro- 
dti04!d iu thin countnr la Lucnlin Moti.*' Sbv carlj 
eng^ed in the t«m|keraQC6 morement and in the peu^ 
nfomn Rut lOie ]uk Iwrni iqxwiiill/ known in ccnow 
Uoa wEUi tliQ antl-dlavery effort, and the movement Id 
favor of utiiveraat safTrago. In tbU ooatwctkia bar 
la1>oii vill 1>6 mentkmod iu another oliapter. Her 
aiater Mailtua Coirircf Wjuqut, who deserree abo b> 
be mctiti^oed wiUi |>l:iilatitkfoj)csU and refbrmcn, taki 
of her, ^'llto 6tnJcuig tmte of Lucietia'a chancter 
remarkolkle «ociS7 tliat deQoa even timCt nnswti 
eon^ounUoUBoeea, and all thoeo obaraei«risdoa tliat 
•tunmcd up in the few wovrla, ' love to man and lovo 
God/" 

If lh« anU*«larorj' libor<jr« idhv also be oaQed 
lanUiropU:^ a4 surely lUey fi!iouM hoi tboti then 



ranA»Ta&oMo vouett. 



irwi 



J aora nam«a that sliould gletia on the Vul of 
pUUothropio woukti of Uto conttirj. Uut tbo mera 
mentioa of Maoia Wksto^ Cuapuax> irboM Tolioat 
dafoaoa of a&ti-sbTOTy principles hd to bcr roceiriof* the 
oogikonnun of CupU Chapmui, and \vho \riu » Tpomim of 
lifcnry u wall as philjinthropio Utt^s ; tho meatioQ of 
li«r ftlntfin olvo; of di« Griinlu! tLiKn- of Pru(t«ac« 
Crtiulall, wbo persisted in leeching a color^ piipU in 
hvT tchool In ConnvcU^itt, E,hm;gh Sibo wtm imjm«oiiod 
^D« tiigttt In a celt jiut before ocrupiett bj a miirtlerer, 
^^w diKrrbdjrlug n wickod l.tv nf Imr SUtn In «o doing; 
^^t Uib Unci of mentiou uiusL uUSca* ivhJle refoTODCA will 
^Ei huuIq to otltcm in future cliaptoia. Yet m locig«« 
raeraorj' UsU to Uioew nho b^Te listeaad to anti-alarery 
pbilimUiropift*, or read ibcir poLbcCic uppoaU in bobdf 
of tbo alflrfl, will iJio aimed of EUsabBtJi Gndj Stouton. 
Eiscstine U Roao, Siuiva U. Anthony, Sallio lloUoy, 
Cuoline Putnam, Horriet Beooher Stovrd (whoso " Unole 
Tom's C4btti " prepared the way for tJw tvar v?liieh 
Kitiltod in emandpatidn). Anaa Gardner, Sftnh Ptigb, 
Ac, be *acred utid pn*ciaijic 
Sumccl J, Uny bore testlaonjr, that, " frocn the b^n- 
iit Wr. Oajri^nx's enterpri«i», excellent womira w«ro 
mo^L encno&L, dovtX^d, uunUnnkiDg rellovr* 
Tbdr mnml ListinctA mock thc;ni ijaickcr to 
jitcsmtha rIgliC thua niasL men ircrc; and tWr tmak 
d political discipline left tbem to tbo guJdaDCO of their 
nctiooa aud bumane feclingv*^' ^ 
Om pUUnthropac wocOan, who died in ISIS^ naa 
'b wife iif Lbn j<»inl foLindcr, with hU uncle, of tbo 
frn t'iuIUpL5 Academy. PlistiB PlilLUPa iraa 
for yeaiVt to laake the health of trec7 
mil iit lbs acidemr a subject of punooal Interest. 



> awalltttaai «f tijt AsiS^Imrarr 0«Afk2. 



166 



TTOUSM OF TUB CBKTTKT. 



Sbo nugbt to be ti» a motK^r to tbe snideita &r 
tb^ir bomea. Daring tho IE^voIqUou >bo trafl nnn oT 
tbo«e irho prefTar«d baadagei, itcrape^ VtiiU ^^ oude 
gattnenta for tbe Ml(1i«ra. *' Ati ofTcmlrr of JQRtioa 
Mras onru pacing her iHiutta on bbi way to tl>e wblpping- 
[Ki«L, vben a l>ov who oli£«rred 1iii& from her nil 
cotild BotwiUiboltl a ttjar. He tried to conceal bia 
tioo, but Mi«< riiilltps s^w tho pearl-drop of pi^ ; aikd, 
vrbilo a kindred drop fftlJ from licr oirn 07m, ibo Mid 
to him with miKb emphasis, aod aa Uwu^ ^ji^ 
doTTn some golden nuxira, ' When you become a iaw- 
laakor, cocarainD the ai^cct of coT]>oraJ punisbmoi 
andaeo if it i« not unnatura!, vindictive and prvdi 
tird of maoh evIL' She xna tciy dhcrimlnatitii;, and 
oould d«C«ct Ul«Dt aa vail as tears: and addr««MKi tba 
Uid vilb a pmnoiiltlOD that bo woa deitiDad to beoorao 
a legUIator* vrbicfa va» indeed th« case. Eleotad to tba 
BOHembly of Uio Stale, nritb ibe aacrad ocwnmaml of hb 
carty and rev«r«d Mo»lor impcvased OD hia tneiaoryk 
be early callod Ibe ati^^iition ck tliaL body lo Hie »ub* 
jec4 of corpora] puabibment ; bad Ibe ataUite-bank 
reviaedt and tho odioua lavr. aaro in capital oQc&oc^ 
(Zpiuif^t and the pleoaure of anoouticin;; the fact to 
bbo original auggostor of the movement." ' I>omoTfUU 
L. DtXt knoim aa tba p^ti^ncr'a fneiid, was bom in 
Macaachittctts, and paucd bcr ycu'.b m or Qfar Doalon. 
In oarllor y^arA aba vaj a tOADbcr, and prepared scvrnvl 
books, mostly for children. " Ilor nam>* v^aa not cpvta 
to any of ber vorka; \Mt wo allude to them hen," 
aa;* Mra. Hato, ** to ibow ihut a refined litanry tAsto 
anil genius aro oompatibk witb the mott aettre 
ibmpy, oven wheal ooiiq>elled to ae^ ita objects throi 
rwettrobaa Ihatarohotb painfnl and lerribla." 



• ftohl* ti«».1««l Amur*?*!! Vi 



PEuuurTSAorto toum. 



liiT. 



In 163-1 th« vent to Curopo for b^ Icaltli, and; 
^Atntgstncd muchYaJuablQ Lnfornution about olmrila-' 
bio Imtitutifraa. i^Ib 1^7 Bho retonuxi to B»Lo&t 
&nd Aoon oominontM rUiUn^ lli« poor-hotuw ad4^ 
lidiuc* of raftif^ for ibe onfortHAftld. Sho n\so b^' 
CUDB iatereited r>t boy* tn Ui« onnJ asylnm. TlHn 
«bii «ont to pn>90Qa &nd iTmatlc-fisjttunB, frei^'wben 
Making to undbratetufTaHo^, oimI iiutnict iho ign»- 
nkau** For many ;««« fib« labored penlateatif in 
bebMlf iiT ' Min, "In tmn^liii:* Hw f^tjiti? hoapl- 

io ytiL.i- i.Ai Now Jeraej\ Rlioilr lalaiid, Ijidionn, 

Loubiuu, And Kor:b Ovd1ui&. ber exertiom 

of tnach ImporUuoe, by prejiani^ Ibe pnlilla 

ttnind to Ajmpathizo with ihis peculiar charity." Dnr- 

Uig tho war, she t^iored in the hucfpitnlD, but vrill 

l(^ be iDAJnEy rcmcmbcroJ for her faithful blom 

ii. . — I of tbo iusanc. Urn. Cbild brought Miiv Vix 

firti to tho iiotioe oi many in hor charming "Letters 

ttvm New York/* whore ftbe sars, " Dorothea !/. [)ix. 

lar American Mra> Fiy* the God-uppointod tmasioujuy 

priiOiM and almsfaouMA, told me tbat h«r ex[>crieiice 

ir« thjm con3mi«: Iktt fuLitJi in tlie power of kliidneaiJ 

irtif Hue iiiaanit aud ticWx. 

*' Aniotig tb« btindrods of cnuy [leople with n Loin li^rr 

mi^aion baa brcritj;hl her into compuiicinnhij), >be 

b« not foand ?nc individual, hoirover fierce aad turbn- 

IttnU ti^t could oi't be Kdined hy Scripture and prayer, 

in Io\r nnd gentle tonca. The power of reli* 

tlK«a ehatt«rcd foula aocma por* 

The iroisbip of a quiet, loving 

rt ftffciJU tliem like a voic4 from hearon. Toanng 

reoiUfigt yelUnjt and etampb^, edn^ii^ and ^^an- 

lag, gndoally nbnde into aUeaca; and they Crdl on 

i^lr kneea, or gate upward iHih dacped honda, a« if 



I&f) 



irOBCEK OW rWR CZSTITBT, 



they mw thtpogli t]ii> opening tUrki>OM » golden 
from their Fatber's tbtOD« of Ioto- 

"On o&o occu^on tlm mLsuoauj of mercy vrof 
6Bnt»tJ5 cautioned not to Approach » nvinf; monac 
Ho ycilo^l frightfully, day ruid night, rent b» guiaentt 
pluckod out his hair, and vita eo vioknt that it mu 
0appo6cd h4 would muixlor »ny otio wlio ruotured 
trlUib his rea^b. MIw Dix MMod hendf at a Utile 
db^Unco, and, without nppttmng to noUeo Uim, bigui 
to Kad, with Be»DO oountenanod and gentlo voioe, o«r' 
tun paseagM of Scripture fitlufi ivith Iha i>i[jirit nf tro- 
darneaa* His shouts gradually aubalded, UDti) bI lust 
bo becamo perfectly still, Wii«D aho pauaod, ha nid 
modfly^ ^R«&d 100 some more: ic does m^ good.' And 
whim» after a proloDgod aeoson of wor&Iup, she wid, ^ I 
must go away dow/ ho eagerly replied* *Ko: jon can- 
not go. God 6CDt you to moi and you mtnt not go.* 
By kind woidi and a pffoniao to come agatn, A^ finally 
obtained peraianon to depart* 'GiTo me your hand,' 
Slid he. She gave it, and Andlcd upon him. Tlie 
wild oxproaBion of hU haj^gard oounteoanco tofUnad to 
toaiftdnoaa, aa be said, * Tou tnat me right; God MtoL 
yoo-' 

** On ii&otbnr oecaaion, she bad bficn IciuUtig acme 
twenty or thirty roanlaea In worship ; and, seeing 
them all ijuiei an lamba gnthorwl iiim tlie Shep1>vrd> 
fold, lilie im^ared to go forlb to other tlutioa. tn \tt^ 
ing tbo room, aho paaeed an in»ne yoong nan with 
whom ahe had had neveral intervtowa. He stood with 
hands chupcdi and a countenance of the deepest rsTci 
ence, With a friendly smile, ahe »atd, * Uenry, &re yi 
wcllto^y?' — ^Hufh! hu^hT rfTflied b«> makiiig 
TOioe to a i^'hUp^r, aud gating earnestly oo the tf«ca 
aroun^l hpr: 'hushf there ajq an^olsvrith jdo, Tb«iy 



rntnA^TTHlCOFtC irOHCtt. 



159 



^TCDjoft their Tfnet)/ But Tirt not tho foniwlist 
Qm,t ho can work £ucb miradea as these ui Die 
profuAcd oame of JetAu. V^d it the Scritklnro or th« 
pofjcr, nipoated by roto. Tboj must be the m«ek 
sU^TuuMs of ft hcftTL ovcr6owiti^ with lovo ; for tD aneh 
coly do tho uigcU * lood their vok«.' '* 
McDtiun nuglit he eudo of CiiAtiA Dartos' aod 
res Oa^'A Oagf*. The one will he meatiaQed 
tho LoihTr* in tliA wai-Ume. und tha other a« a 
Jekmik C. COLLiyti, who hia done much 
iUnt>pu! work in DoeUin and. elttovhero, biu writ- 
her nsfoe on the heart of tnany a young girl whom 
hMi IibIjhI Ui gidn om^Joym^nt. nnil thrrtibj- uttved 
from temptation to vi<:«. ^'BofEnVn Bower," ^^& 
uwit ratnat which juih Iuu esluhlislicd in Boston, 
wherfi Inuooent amittemeul, ftud op[>OT£uoiUcfl for g&in* 
iajF kunrledge bj^ n^fAos of Icotntcfl. n«duigs. &o*i is 
these glrb, «3 well aa some wej ef ohtaiuing 
it, — it ia hoped, will long couaoao ft proof 
wiM philanthropy. ^Vmcre T. E>t>ioott, wife of 
Kn'iicotti jiin., wiia tocnt]on&i l>y the press of 
lestoDiacae of the phUonUiroi^io women of the ceu- 
'tvj. A writer in " The l>nnwjnpt " 4^d, ** She wm 
bdoted fay fiieod^ who felt the ehftrm of her rare 
fowne of ooDvnrasitloo mud of her imseifish life- Dor- 
log the eivil wiir, ebe vha en offldent mAnager of tha 
WomBfi'i AfHocLUiTiD, which vu Euxiliiuy to the Sani- 
Ur3r ComnLiKidun, tlevoting ft hupi raciAraiiiT of htr Umn 
t^ithe pnrpamtioi) of stippU&s&nd to ihti pjii[jh}fmenl 
d ih« wires of 9ri1dicie. Then ftal btcr, she wsa in- 
tat^tcd ID wadiDg tcftcbca to the Ereedmen. She wu 
i^^l^ ClalUn u trofttce of the LancoAler 

Uoftdal ::_... .ijF UirK It) thia Bcrviee her excc^ 
Wu MUM fttid exeoutive atnJity were coofqdcuoiu. 



160 



winas OF Tmi cE:fTTJST. 



She uw lliQ neoMat/ of & cEiuigo of xneUiodA, sad 
imi^t«d on IftboT ss an eeeeniia] part of arjr dcbeme foi 
tho rcfoTTontioQ of tbo Tidotis. SomcvhAl dubcarUnrd 
irith Uie obatmcttofift which w6ro opposed to & refcmo, 
elio resigned nftof sown! ycats of ctrac^t cSbrU 

Some thK« or four jeGun af*o ahe ^ined in & movw- 
metie for tbo higher cdncctUoa of women, und waa to 
the end deep!/ inler«£tod £n it. She uel« the ptMidcot 
of the aodoty ; and a^y will long remenber Uef w the 
th«Ted ifi the co&feT«ac«i whieh iv«ro h«ld in Boston it 
tho residence of Gov. Clnflin. On & visit to Athens. t«o 
jvsn tgo, sha g«T« tucb tiroa lu wis at h«r oommmd 
to akbdrad aJforC then inprogravin tliat dtjr; And a 
Qreck lady of the highest cnllure wah cheered hj her 
aympiiUiy and ooun!ti*I?L. She gavQ much ticna to ilia 
fair whidi was held in IloKton for the relief of the Frondi 
Rftcr the Qennan inraAion. Sheiraa MoociJitird with the* 
CbiiAti&n work of King's Chapel, whore ahe wur- 
ahippcd, and with otlier laidOeUaneoua aetiritiM oC rh> 
huilhropy/' 

Women haro not been vuiting iu tboaa offorta to 
ptereut cruelty to animab, wh;ch id a part of true 
phihmthropy. Amon^thet^ maybe mentioiwd Caho- 
LIVB L. Bahxabd, who provided in Lynn, Maaa,, at aa 
expenM of three handrad dollars, a pump and ftoiM 
drlnking-fountafn, exprewly intended for the uta of the 
Uilnty horses whom t\\B justly ccmmiAented. Caku- 
imB EAitiJi WnrrR of ritihulelplim haa nhn 
earnest and efBoIent in this depArtment of phibmtli 
mmi^g OKpcciLdly for the cjuiijid favont^'A who ha 
been ioiftU that th«r nh^tuld tuA he tonneutad orkiH 
without eBbrt3 lo £ad thejr oW[)cn», who would gladly 
teeoue them. &ad iroidd out willingly mourn the loaa of 

SomtUibB Uut 1 0O11U Inut," 



ruu-ASTUKortu vtomkx. 



1(U 




iCn>A Gllbert Ita-H i:1w>M-u an Iter KfiMiAi [ihilttn 
ppc troik, the fumisMog of librftncif for prboncrs, 
tho sutiA ttplrit, doubtlttBH n-idi \v!ilch Eltc&betti Fry 
Ubrnrics foT tbo coa&t-giurd io EugLijul nt tbeir 
fltatiuufl, A Cbioftgo psper AA>;t, '' M'lxt Liiidii 
■flcr K jrcAT or h^dto of Ubor, Uos tuMy accoiD- 
ua undi-rtakii^ vlueh vriXi mtikt Iter cjuna 
rmorabU u long ft« we shall haT6 a j;iil, awl cuhrita 
Vj fill it." Xlio nuDu vrork luw l>ccu i^uiaocuUmI bjr bcr 
iither cities. A New York pxp&r aays,— 
*-Mi>* UwU GUWrt, of No. 143 Biut Fiftoontli 
\U endows to us A copy of hex report of work 
Nw Vcrrk, wliu^i b«^gii:i S«ipt. !» 1A7S. Siucu 
lift.4 tltsUurw^ t3,ty4. Sorveu htUMlrad 
|jii?»ii!ij|i^-J by tbe yoatig 1ad>eii of tbd 
Tofk Nonnul CoUvgr; ftjul »ix huniln^l vohiiuM 
««u; to the Uouae of DetADtkm- Of Ui&sa 
publbftljcrs contjibutod four huodrcd t'oliitnc^ 
mul thfl balaaco by otkor p«itiaa. Tbe Police Bo«rd 
ue buUdbg ft 1>ookoft*e 1o coriUui thuiu. llicM books 
m propoily oorerad utd obs^od. Ait bteUigent 
(novr ^nitiim ibo mocioD of the cotixl^ in LudloW' 
Jajl) id d^Toluif^ his Uiuo to the library work. 
I&dipaodont of Uiii libmry brudnuM, Mi« QiJUrt ha» 
tkrta ptvcdcal ladies x^bo as^Ut Id furahhing bomea. 
ftVtt! ' ''■''■■ '^-^ ftiid rnor^ €«pooially employ- 

_ ,... ii:r« wlirii come ^nn all ]xirtj4 of 

V«fy wi^y h^To siCNatt uf our Cuaiiiticjfl^vkt^iLUIjH a^^ 
^.fobud womei) aa prUoa-tn^)ectors. Sim. KU3;ABcrH 
8h CEtA5C« a w^'Uioa r&ady ftn^ every good vroid Aod 
«uk,kaabcej] & LadyriAitor io Ubcdc Uland, appointed 
^rito gOTenK)r, luid afterward rtod a valuable paper 
'Wbrt tho l^aon UoagTee:^ held in Loodon, proving tii« 
■nd af tbo BpiMLUlmcal of auch risitois- 




woNKX or Tnm CK^TCtty. 

At M prisEon^a'Ponn ituM;tiiig liold ia K«w York, 
Juna 8, 1873, Mus. C, F. CoFirt» of liidiaiiB, vrI»o b 
an officio] ruutor to tbd ladia&a State Pruoo for 
Women, lead au abl« £)a]^er on Uie AubjecL (if nufjimi 
Ln Priaotu, in which »he stiid, ii-itb gicAt wi&dom, thftt 
Um vomen'd pK^on ahould be eiitirelj' under tljo ooatnl 
of womeo. So ahoold women In our ftlmahouMB iiBT« 
fall eh&r^ of women there. Kvery intelligeDt voman 
ia this cooDtrjeobcUow; and it Ia derotitly hoped 
that ,tlie flooond century of Amcrioan indepen<la»f 
will «oe womvn using their Bpeci«l atiUty lu ptitUa* 
tlixopIsCt In official capadty* and witL all needful author- 

Gov. Dingley of Maine wuuty appouited women as 
vittiton to ibe iufiono lio«pIta1a, and among them Mm. 
CoKDBLiA Adelixic Quixu\\ tlio f hiliuitbropic wife 
of Rer. O. A. Quluby, D.D,, «?d;tor of *' Tho Ocnpol 
Banner," in Augusia« Me. She is a native of Lewi«£oo« 
and tnuglit in the [lublic Mcboola of ber native Slatv fox 
thirteen yeai&i whoa £ho took upon herself tho dtitiea 
of a paAtor'it vi'ifct aod atepnother ; both of which iLo 
haa fflUtliTully pcrfonnod for tnauy y^ara. Tho cate of 
tbno chiJdron of ber own waa added to ihwo ; but aho 
baa yet found time to attend to pbtlanthropio work in 
various dineotioiu, and to umti bcr buabaod in hk 
cdiional labors, Ura. Qoinby, In bar inodetty, wotild 

■^Vlp'Tff pwnmjnfnftfi Af * philan*litnpUt ■ 1>t)t it b OftT^ 

lain ftbe bat ably aeoouded bar buabuul*a nokAe afTDTta^ 
till both nt btst bnvo the lUitijifucUQii of coving the 
dmth-fjenaltv aholUhed iii Maine. ''May it aoon ba 
ahcJi&hfrd froui the code of evcty otlier State hi oor 
Cuinu I '* pniya every |k]i!1juitbnipio woman in the 
land. 

Women have not been wanting in jihiUnllixupia 



MULAimtfiiOPlO VOUE». 



16a 



the edtto&tioa of the ^uDg* Volutnei 
tten, ttnd bot cocE)|}]«to tho Ut>e of efilf- 
ncTiuoui'g itETorL by mmny, many woqmil, to educate tbcir 
rebtiv6». thomselvtt often toUiog In the cottoo-fiutory 
tlttt tliair bmtb«« ciiglii bo sajiporttd En eoUcg«s m 
Lacy LattctD Ims de^ot^d Bxtth Woodbnm in her 
" Tdvl fif Work,** mnj^i^ of Uor ju %}in tirnilirtl tho loom 
in ihe caottOQ^mill, *— 

KTc* MTA Uw iMQMUttd, ftnO hofp cduoiU 
Brotbtfvi Bftd ilMfi. fiba vtll do U tua"* 
Odo woman of Uus century, MUa SOPmA SWTB of 
itfittld, HtM-r thom to l>oqDMth ber fortune, and 
Aud theraby the conege in NortbaiDpt<»n, known as 
Smith CcUegv ; the object of wbkh m, to anUbUab an 
Ltlon for tbe blgtier education of yotu^ women, 
wvLL iJm design of fnniiHbltig th«m Lbt? namo fuciliticsH 
as those isnjoyed hj j-uuitg men hi the beat colleger ct 
ibe Und, aa far as practicable. Thin U a tmlj phikn- 
tbiopic vnrk, and de«er?ei own ^«ce than can be 
■^riTilrid bo the enteiprae here. Coming dapi and goo' 
:ia wi£ attest its value. 
Mas, Colt of Hartford, Coon'> woe aljio philan- 
when she built a church and Mhoolhouee on her 
grounds, that ibo familice of thou who are 
ed in CoH'a ArcKTrr tnxy be duly instmct^d. 
XHonA l'n£tj« hai indicated the phihinthropic ^irit 
ha eHorttf to eecur« bomcotteadji for women* 
Bqi wUt availi; it to mention inot«? The list U l4ti> 
;, but it ia bn^ht IS the middiiy nun. And auiung 
^mmee that nhintt wtih greatflaClti^tre wiil b« found 
of t}te SidCeis of 7k1«rcy and Cbaritj connected 
nonuui C\ttlv)ix ai^i other churchcA, not ox- 
__ the Qimkeni; for the plain tiuaJul, parb of thft 
Bn^UB of the :^<»aety of Fnenila ficldom faiU to cover 



Id 



womk:* of tub cKrrrRT- 



whether Isiuic T. Hopper or LoonUft Molt. 

Sbice li« flrti puhlicitioD of Mn ^haj>ittTj ihc nmtly 
l.ncretm Moti hju fuis^ mmiv. Sli«i dM nl !i^r licnuti- 
tiU liuiiiti, NovtMuU'r 11, IdSO, and ber fuiivfaJ vaa ji^ 
l«ndo(i bj tbiXivintb. R<t. Dr. Punit«i> UiM Flirbt 
Coviio*. luiil i>th(?r«t borv tmtimony to tba VBlaa o[ li«r 
phiUntliropK litv. Her co-noik^r. Mr». Cbikl» bM Un 
oloee<l h^T jiwM life on nrtb. 

Tl)« gnve ol L^diA Marm Chltil, In tttadld now^growii 
DoniAter^ At Wnjlnnd CmUn*, Kino,, in iniirki<i1 nnt^ bj 
ft platu white maf bio a^b, bearing her atktae In full. Bgv, 
daU of dc4th. and tbo «-onJ« ■'Yoa call oa dead. Wo 
aro not doad, but inaly living novr,'* 

TliQM tfbo would knovr mora ot tho bonavolent Su> 
ton uf Cl^aHty an ntfviTod to a bi>ok ciilKvl '■ HttrofoM 
of Cli.nnty," irhich has nlao an aocouitc of Mnu Ki.iZA A. 
Sktov and Iter labun, uiitl] aooM iircord aUo o( a pbol- 
aiitbn>|w onJer cotloil " Tlio UuJe Siat^rs of tlifi Poor*" 
and tbo ntotlwdii whortbjr they dcrtlic the nnkod and iat- 
ifl[y tike poor vitU broad. 

"SoroaU," tho ^vll-knawn aooioty in Nqw York, ood- 
poaod of tltemry, profeUtuAjd, und philaniLiropio votDvo. 
baa a commilUv i>ii phi hoili ropy, which hsx doue bnra 
wOrk uniirr the namvat lofedcrslitp of Mm, £Utk«r Itvrr- 
DDan, ii4 chairmao. 

Tho"<SD(^cl7 of tlie Rod CrobJ,"at irhoac bead in Ihii 
eouQtry in Claha Babtos, baa b««a r^-oaoUy orfpubedf 
with fair proapcct of aucceta In doing good^ both En timoi 
of war one! p«ii«^o. 

A ttody iif ^4iEUnthropic turceRS wouM Inari^ tikr »1d- 
dcnt witb Um) conviction that irhila well-oriEanirpd L^bai^ 
ity ta deairftbit, no orgatii&itiona can proulado the wacm- 
■Ity fv liKiIiviiuul pMlantbrofic pfFort, and Qod U rtiU 
■ayiiig lo vr^^Ty frirwi of b^im^Lnitv. " WLiilaonTtrr iLy 
kaml Gndi-lL lo ik), do k with tby might/' 



166 



WOUDt Oir TIIK CKNTURT. 



lioD to the «c«llcni work, " Woman's Work b tU 
ClTil War,'* hy Dr. Brockets aad Mn. Vaughaa, 
** Women thcro were in thm war, wlio, vithotit m nnglo 
roliiUvo in tlie annj, doaiod iheniMtlvoa for tbe wbole 
four TOATH iho comfoita to wluoh thej had boo;i nlirayi 
liootuewned, veni Lhioly dad, t^ok tUo extm blftoket 
from tbetr l>cd, never Iftsted t*a or ragar or flosh, that 
tboy might wind anoUier bondogo fotmd iomo on- 
ki>own &oIdier*fl ivouadf or glTO soma pnrdMd Upa in 
Iha hott^tal another tilp of wiiw. Other* never lei oao 
leisim moment, mv^ ftrnn livea of pledged labor 
vhu-h huidv eanitid Ihimi broad, go ^ll<Tm[]In_^(^ In tho 
nrrioe of the aolitjers. God himself keeps ttiia record : 
it ia too ucred to bo tfUttUtd to men. . . . Ab a mla, 
American women exhibited not only an intense fedlnj; 
for tlie loldicia in their exposures and their soffiiTiDgs, 
but an intelligeDt eympathj with Ibe national canse* 
equal to that whtdi fumubcd, amoog the raon, two 
million three hnndred thouaand_ volunteota. It la not 
nnusual for women of oU cmintriea to wtwp and to 
work for thoM who cneounter the perils of war. Bat 
the Americaa women, after giving up with a phnd- 
pled aUorit}', to the ranks of tbo gathering and advan- 
cing armj, their hngbands and sons, tbdr hrothen and 
k>ver«, prooeedcd to organiie relief for tbam; and 
(bey did U, not in ilia spa&modio and aentimf-Dlal way 
which hna liccii ooiaioon ebowliPTP, but with m mlt* 
controlled and ratiORHl coiL^dffrjLioa of the wiwst and 
beet means of mccompli&liLDg tbeir ptirpose, wUdi 
showed them to be In ifome degree the praduoU nad 
rcpreaentativca of a E>ew Mdal era, and a new puli^L^ 
derebpmen!. ... It is impo«siUe to OTer-catimoU 
the amount of conseomtMl work done by the lojal 
women of (ho North, (or the army. Hiindrcde of 




WOMEK DtmrKO THB CiVll. VAH. 



ur 



)i 




tltfmmdfl of women protahTjr gave oil the leUure th^y 
tonld catntnaoil, mul uW tlte nonry Ihtfrj'cvMilil Kjivt^ antt 
^mn» to tltd 9uliliem fur Uiu wLulo four years uud 
aoic of tlie vr&r. AmiJ clLM;oumg€mviit« and fctuful 
d«kj>. ihty DeTOT Aa;^, lut lo tbe lutt inorfiaaed in 
scd A&d derotiocL, And th>^ woik was u ^tcmotio 
■i it wu QtuTCfBaU . . » They ^bowtd a poifect apti* 
d'! Cor btutAC^ and proved by tLcir own cspericnco 
AC naen otn d«viie itolhin^ too precis, too AjstoiDfttic. 
Of too oomplicttod for vomen to undorsUail, nppljTt 
impnura upon, ^li«r« then; ix ttny KufllGieiit iaotir« 
It* * . . Tbo dktiactivo featurea of soman's work 
tU i war wen ma^ttuil^, f}-«tcin, thoioogli co^ponu 
with the other sex, distmctn^d of purpose, 
liko th'>nmgliti«;i:t in dctaiU, fltiirJy p<*tywC- 
lo the flope. . . . The work wUi^^h our ay^t^oa 
of pf^nW i^IucAtton cloc?^ for giila and boya Alike, and 
whkh in the caiildle and mtpercliuuai practically [Sot^ 
with glrli than vritb boys, told magnificently at 
cnitij^ Everyirlicre welt-oduca^d women were 
fully able to Luideia(and» ukl to cxptein to their 
the public quoftjons involved in tbo vt'^, 
bere tbe ncvr^papcrs* ciowd<^ with intcrcat and 
Vitfa ditounootf^ fotind eager and upprl^^iativo readers 
the gender &dx. Everywhere Btaried up women 
Q3dnt«d v^th tlie order of publto bu^iiwss ; able to 
oD iod predde over pabtic meetings cf their own «ex, 
Kt§B veeretarie* and commJttceSt dnift constttntiofti 
dbI bT*lawtt« open tiooks and keep aeconnts with 
iil«qrati! . appcrriftU) Ky»:«ni. and poaipone 

inrftlA ia^....^^.^.L^ at fittvawct^ t<»gi!iM-nd priadjiloi, 
etttr \nio extensive coirefipoDdencra whh Uieir own 
•Bioopiralo in the laigc»t aiil Enoct ratiooal phuia 
popxed by meu who had studied CArffully the ral^eet 



1G8 



WOMKl* OF nm OCSTPftT. 



of boldieiB' reikis «q<1 udbcro, llmmgli good »]>uTt t&d 
Uiroogli cviJ rq>ort, to orgiuiicaiioiu vrbioh eooiaocMM 
thtiDdelv«s to their jadgmont, in Gpilc of locaU aecto- 
riaUfOrpcnOQil JMUouii»aDcl dctnkotion*. - - . Of tbo 
piuctJuil talent^ the iKrnoaal worth, the ai^tittulo tot 
fuUie iwrvico. tho love of tfdf-eaciitiuirig duir, thiu 
dovdoptfO &itd aimed bito power, aod Lrou^Lt Ic Uio 
knowledge of its pooMotwoni and thmii conamunltimy it 
\a difllouk li> Mpeak tuo intrmlj'. TliDtuijiud* of woai«ii 
learned in tliis wjzk to dc<^iH< friroUty. gowip, fa^hioot 
und id)nD«M; tamrtl Id think vahttrljr and uitljttui 
pnjudicti of the ca|j«cjti« of Cbcir dwu oex ^ aiii tL-is 
«lid more to odnutijo tlto ngfat^of woaum, h/ piurui^ 
her i;iftd And her fllOftsa for puhtic duties, thau a ^thcJd 
Librvy of nigomcpttf imd protosbk 

*'1L« prodi^UA exertions putCotth by tho wotooa 
who fooodod Qod condacled tbd great fiure for Uio 
Boldicn iu a doico principal cilicai, and in msmv l&r^ 
tovQs, wcro only fiurpas>^ hy the pluwiag. skiU* and 
ftdiDinietrativo ability which accompanied tiwir preg- 
Ktfa, and the marveUoiK vuooefli ki whieb thej C«r* 
fflinaUxi. Motith« of ooxiottfl praptraLion, wh«rt Um^ 
dredd of eomiDilt«ei vied with ^eacb other in loog* 
beodod schamea for BS^uring tho oo-<»pemtion of tiu 
ftavcnd Lni4cA aod iuduxtriei allotu^ to each, and 
duriDg which loborioiu days aud anxious ntghU wen 
nointi^mitlitigly given in t1>c wvAnng work, wcin fol- 
lowed liy weVn of |>erMiiul nen-tue in the faim ihem- 
selveSi where the Atroo^cs; \TomcD found their Tigor 
inadequate to the LkiktODd hiindreda laid iho foundA- 
lieua of long illness, and some of eudden death* ThoM 
•aoriflcot aod &r-eeeing provi^oaa were justly rvpald 
by ahnoat fahulooa ntturiia of money, which* to the 
eitoAt of nearly three millioii dotlaiSi flowed Into tlia 




woufiN imiitNQ thk civu. wak. 



Iiffl 




of tho Utut^ Statce 8anitaiy CoiDmifAiuii. 
1^0 chief vonwa wbo inaugurated the mtuxiU grcAt 
Ekiis at Ni^w VorU, Plul^L(Id}>Tiui, Brooklyn, Uoetoo, 
CbiMgo, Csacinrmti, Sl l^oius, a&d ailmliiktvicil tbuvd 
viit movencntj, vrtro net boliind lliiv fiMe«t oim ia 
til* land in their qraep and cocaprclienfiioo of tbo 
bttiJB— in luuxl ; and ofUn. in cornpArUoa wilfa tbe 
111911 iifisoclB(ed vHiIi Uiem, exliibi<«d a dner £cop<s a 
biitcr qiirit, and a iaor« nctoriotu faith. Hut for ttie 
vmnen of America, the great f;iin( would ntivcr lt^iT« 
kien bont, or would haT« died if^nouuuiotuljr in Uinr 
giUed i-TuilIac Tlirir TiuUnF»:< nt vi*n'^.t^'iz-in kful (linr 
results lufl to be e^t u au eviMla^iliD^ ciova 
wonuiV capacity for ^^^ Bodnxuiojr-yiutditig enter* 
Thi* women wbo kd them can tieT^r slak liack 
obecuriij/' 

B«ndea th« Odlod Stated Sanitaij Coiniuiaaioo, 
^Akh wu tireated oo tho Otb of Juno, 19Gli ILcre wnas 
or^vaucd the VVcutera Sanitary CommiMioD. wliicU 
■■oqIj loi^lkd lite wants cf Wofitem armiefl, nsd of 
the ftvedaen and wliito r«f(tgoc» of ths MiMiaaippi 
iVtOey 1 " > a&d wboM tint antUodiy to act came &om 
PretaoDt, Sepc 5, 1961. Th^re were aUo ^evenl 
'flutt SaniLLTy CommiiNlonf ; oimI in Novfinber, tSGl, 
vtotwaa oalled the United States Climtian Ciiiniiiu* 
doa vat oi^nit^ \>y tlm Voui:g Mt-'i^A CLri^tUn 
afoR« eonreDed in New York Citj- at that time. 
'The g«o0al character of the duticfi of Lhe Commit 
van d«fiiM?d at the irkeetiiiig Utal brought it into 
!«( Itagmiid object aa avowed wa^ to promote 
l^jTskal comfort and the spiiiiital welfare of the 
men of the anny and navy, in the field, in tho 
ila]« Iho luiMm. or wherover they may bo found. 

I AiMtul Ofdopab* lot \M-i, ji. rSL 



no 



troanoi or xiu osntubt. 



Lik« tbo OoveniB^&t, it «mbnic«s within tbo tuge 
of iU lnfiu«DCQ the whoU Umofu uid provide* for the 
Dwitcrml and »|)4iiuial necMaltkA of uitfiBniig battuf^, 
wliboQt refill to rmoe, creed, or podtioQ. It liiQ* U> 
9ittVo liro in the hour of peril i to unrlioniU the eondi- 
lion ^of our soMi*?rH und Bpamen : to ]Mrrff>rm, In the 
niifUl i\t wAr, iIh; iii^tyti i>f k ktiitl fiiiTiiU ; to mppl/g li 
ikr as posuhlei the (Jaoe of liove ; to runiJdh oppovtuna 
uid aiilMtAUtuJ nrlicf wlicu rriiiiimi ; U» bind up the 
woricda ; to pour in the wiuft sud Ihe oit of Iova And 
pence ! to speak e word of Ejmpalhj &nd vucomn(o- 
ment U> tha ttnJTcnng and depretf*od i to hnng tlie infia* 
eac«» of the gospel to boat tipon lbo» vbo ofc Cv 
from home and iIb privi]«gcei eipoeed to the dftngen 
and temptations peeulior to the camp; to wreet the 
LhonghUcM in their ooune. and rcdain Iho vrttywui% 
to aend forUi the livinf^, pracdcft] tescbera to wlxisper 
Chrvtian coosobtion to the djin^, the wotmd«d« the 
heavj laden In heart." ■ 

And all tliU irork wa« fi^ithfully done bf every Com- 
mbtfkm: vomen laboring In tlivm el), and evetywhen 
toiling fiuchfulty and Fuccfw^TaUy. To noirat^ their 
aelf-dviiyiiig dredi^ ta tvriltt oil th«ir naintM nvi*i», wnnld 
re«|uiro a vfilnmo of nmuy pages; and they mii^t Ire loft 
nnwritlen and untold, bub not unhonorcd and ba* 
knows. Tn«rc vero thofiBand^ beaide tltooe who were 
aotirely ooainoctcd wilh the OamrnissioiM, that Uhond 
for tiie ooufort oC the tioldier. Quaker womfln, who 
onuU Qi>t oonotioo war audita horroiv, woro ^^Ictt at 
lilxfrty " to ponuie a coumo of bcnevotcnoe toward the 
Woundu<l, ** 08 boat wisdom might direct;" and thoj 
ilid oot Ua to he^ the voice within, an^t htntd i 
told nf the Good Soraontan, and Mtil, " Go tlu>Ui 
do Ukcwbu." 




WUJiEM UlTUUta TUK dVU. WAR. 



171 




Tbera it one mg«l woduiq In PfaQadetphia. vvbo liai 
\ma> torme't tli« CoroelU o/ Am«ric«; for shet, like th« 
tttkUieir of Um) Onusclu of wImih PluUinrb c^h-uIck, con- 
mi of th« BftCTtficfs of ber ions for lueir couuUy 
iili tlio cnlntncM tlitti p?w:e«cl4 frmn unei^unpled 
She trnjoyn al^i tho tliistUicUtrn of I>eiQg 
[«3»t Hring fccnAlo grtduato of ftoy ia«Uuitton in 
America. Her nzme ts XtABT Ellet. Her dlploott 
bom tbo Jajr Ladiw' Aciutcmy, of riul:ulcU^1^i^ ^I'V 
givca U) bar in ber fiftecuUi jc«;. She wu bom on 
tbb 17th of Jtw^ 1779. Sbe u the dftoght^r of tUt 
Hftftimh Erwin IsntcJ in^'oo ia sentioiicd u a bcroUia of 
tfc* JUrolaUoQ id tbo cJitptor oone^minf* U>oe9 noble 
Tnocik, aad u benelf tlio motbor and graiHlmotbor of 
bti-oec Her eoq. Col. Charles Elleu jun . loet hi3 life 
in tb« MTvico of hil eoontij ; and the iK>n e>f that «oo 
^ttl frocn tbe alkcts of lojal efforu^ tvliicb Impaired 

A old^jnuaD called upou luir, In U)CMU|iuuy vrilli Mr. 
Qtafg« ILStaurt, |ni»iileiit of the CbHsUan Commis- 
ftuu wboaa %he tUatirod to omploj aa bnr AbnuDor m dia* 
lnb«Uns Uu pn>M«(b of two beautiful au<l valuabto 
rimrli moctg tLo widoirn and orphans of aoldicni 
faDeo in balUe. The 1>odj of bcr gmndaoti, Cbarlea 
Utm B11qC« had just nnircdi and tboclorgymnn ex- 
piwaci the bopa lint \M Lord would sustain ber ui>dor 
W b*rv«rffnH]|t. H^ uidtror waa worthy of thtt 
hmakva Cornelia. She aut^d ibat tho bad ij^iven ber 
I, Cot ElleS of tba Ram Fleet, and Brig.-Ooa> KJtet 
Uie MarEne Ilrigw!a,and four grandcbildrcn ; add- 
^,'*Ttio n^t rtffrtt tl* ^l r> *;»^ <™wmr^. ^f I had 
ty 0MU, / «oav/J yi'iv fJbn* oi^ /or fA# Arvntry 

mfcf ^ andji^hl, mffttf/^ to th taHJ" Tho nbova 



172 



troUlSJ Off TDX CKXZUftT* 



th«<Tila4e of her patrloUfloa b from ft akcUh bjr Jolui 

Tli«re w«iro wousfr eoLBiEAa in tho war of tho 
RftbeltioD AA In iho wnr of t?K Etevohition. Womni 
mn> tiot Only on tbe Ijattlc fWd to Uko coro of uur 
btnTQ defenrlan, but they were there. Dot wldoctk, Vo 
show that ivoraon oiin W M>3dii'ni tn our In&il &od tfnut. 

The mtiues of Anxuc EriintUKiK aiwl oib«r« it« 
denr to mArij rf^^miBts n the tiftmes of woswn who 
were nolik und virtuous In ohftncter Aod life, bqi] vera 
hnivo nnil f(.'ur](£Bd on the flelcl of biittle, Ic u oonfl- 
d«Dtly »a&M}rtA(l tluf LIm niimbor of wooitu who ao> 
tiinUy Itore nnns in the w«r, or who, though genetmlly 
jiLttiiKlin^ A mgimeiit i-m miryra*, %l limm mgag«d In ik* 
Mtual conAtct, was roui-h laitfer L}iaa Is genemllj «ip- 
po«cd. and viiit>rmc«« per«>tiA of all mnkr^ of tocietj." 
Tlioae who fro&i wlwtever cauie, whether rowmoei 
love, or f iitriotiAiD (aod all these bad their iJifl]Mace)i 
donned Uio mnl« att^rei bud ooDOealed Uieir idx, art 
hardly eotUkd to a |»]a«e in our reoord, aince they dkl 
not uc4ik to be knowD ae wonon, but prefcTTod to pom 
for men i but aalde froca th«M thore were net a few 
whot without abandooing the dran or tha prctogatiTaa 
oi thdir i«i, yet performed aldlAitly aod w^ tho datlea 
of aotdiera. Among them wa may Dama Madama Tur^ 
cbin, wlf& of Qen. Turehiii, wbn tendered iMiaiiitil 
■vrvioe by her coolnewi, her thorough kiHiwIadga of 
niilitary advitco, hirr umlaimtM) oourogVt and har ftktB 
lu otfTiicLAiid. Sh» is the duught«r of a RuaHiau offieeTi 
and hiul bce:i brought up iv tho oamp, w1mii« aba wai 
the pet aod favonlo of the r^icneiit up lo uaarly the 
tima of her mtrriago to Geu. 'f ^irchio, then a aubordi* 
ttatc olliccr lu Uiat aniiy. Wliuu tlic wai oomiaeiicedt 
ahe and her hitj^bacd had bceo for a few yeara reaidcDU 




VOHUN j>rmt(o iHK cxriL wab. 



173 




of HUdoU; atid. wliea her biantMUKl was commianoood 
coIdooI of a rcgijxiCQt of valoutccrs, eli-3 prepared at 
onoe 1o foUdn' Utm to the lk*M. Utirin^ tbo marcli into 
ill Hv: 6pHD^ of ISG'J, CoL TortihJQ w4a taken 
tly ill, aiid for «omo iUvk wmtt cAiriod m hii anbu- 
>ii the rouU:, 

Turdiin took conuaatui cf '.ho rcgioMtit 
duHnjf hb QluMs. and, wliUo mmtet^riug ktiidlv Atid 
tvDfUHr %n hvr linslduid, Jilleil his placo iulmtm1>Iy a» 
cumtnftcidlQg the rtrgimvnt. Her twlmiiiUtrftlioa vu ho 
judicioiut that no complaiiit or mulmj ^ns maiiifntod ; 
mad hftr oammuniLi ^lent oliejud with the tiimueri jirosit^iU 
MiBb. In Ui« botUoi Ll»t foUowod, eJie wna oohbUqiI/ 
mder fins now enoamngiag the men. nnil aooq roicn* 
ia(f aame wounded luaQ Irom Uie pUc« where h« had 
fAlkii* ftdiomistcnng losMmtiTc*. nnd briogin^ him off 
to the field iHwpilaL . . . lu all tLo suWoqueub €am- 
pugns in the Wmt* thi0 gencriU's wife Trm5 id the fiold, 
yi*tBffiing ber^e^ tuually to nkinistiaLiona of uetcy to 
the wounded, but r«ftdy, if occasion reqatrad, to load 
the troop* into action, and always mauufefltinfr Iho most 
pvfJMiixidiffiTrence to Oiafihot aodeheUorth^trhirring 
ie bftlla that fell around bei. She seemed entirely 
Id of fear, and, though so constaDtly expoti«d to tlie 

'. A. H. UoriALit> who niulhe devoted chap- 
IwQ of the Kinittmrnth HlinoU vrmlv tim Wy wa» con* 
UKttd with tL vfjoXjt alnkot her to WtA wife, in a letter 
dftUd Aug. :20, ll^GI. The Rev. Robor- Collyer quotee 
it in lu« Meaioir of the lameDled chapt^n. Mr. Ooiuat 
rTTetesiina; "llie few Jadiea — oflkers' wir«a itk camp 
— Lni worth more thun a file of soldiers in kcq>iiig 
WW, I wi^ «'c could have twice a» many ; Uit it b 
M place tor a wonian of deUooto nervoK. The nxiet 




174 



WOMRX or TUH cserrfntT. 



ji 



abonkiog s^hu. BoUDdA* and oAot% i>f all i>nrU 
P«q]ffUM] ooctirmtce : yd 4 Atfong-nuudrtl ukI 
bewt^ iroman may [>flM ibrovg^b U U) unlutfcicd. &lf>. 
Tiirchin tJoonu like a fiur flo'Acr in it. Sho romtn'b 
me yery mucb pf bucy Stono liUckwelL Wilb all L^ 
rcfinrmcnt of ftliulj, t)i« ba* tlio t^ncrgj ftnd »«tf-Ali<- 
sDf^e of a iDon ; 9he foeU able Ui take flbuifo oC b«ra«lt 
camu a nico littlo rovolvor and diigfc<>r in ti^r bvlt, and 
hai a dift&ltj of roaiiDi-r mod bearing iKnt aeemea 
reepect from tbo roughest loklier/' 

AiwiUicr retiuricabU b«ro[ne, vbo, wUUe from 
loim walkaof life, wa«7«t faithful aoH unwrarM In 
her \mhnn. fnr tU& rdii-f of tb« volditiri u-bo wura 
woun<l«d> and vho not aiifref|UeiilJy took b«r place In 
tlio nuika, of difwred vid ciiuiiirKged the mim wKen 
tliej were faltering aiMl readj to rcti^eaU was Bndgel 
Divem, a stout robaat Iriabwomiui wbo noooDpaoied 
tbo tint Michigaa CaTalry ngiment, Id wliic^ ba 
boxbaDd was a privatOi to the field, and romuikod 
willi iho ropmcnt and tba brii^ade to wliioh it belon|tad 
nntd the eJoae of th« ^irar. She tiocomo wcU known 
througfaouC the t)ri;>iidis for her feailetfaDow and daring, 
and bar ikQl in bha^ag off tbo wouadad. Oocanoo- 
Mf wboii a soldier vbom iha kneir fell la aatloo, aflat 
Tteciimg him if ho vras oaly vrounded, the would uke 
hia pUoR, NTid Hgbt »H tiTAtiilyaii tb« bML*' ^Im. Unt- 
liand, in HrDckfftt'iiintBreatiRg volume altout th« Wur^ 
of Wrmii-i] ill thf W^r, tvJU Uu« xlurj of Ii<fr mutT^ 
and orinrngo; '■ In on« of Shf^ndan'ft gmud raida« do^ 
toK tfie UtK t ilajTH iif Ibe ltrWI]ir;ii]. iiho an u&ual mJo 
viih tlw troops uij-bi aod dajr. weariog oul aeTcnl 
lKir>4iii onUl ihey ilrr»ppo<l fmm exTtatiAdon. la«5rTrro 
cuvaJry vu^^'imi^uu tu vrliicb l»rt reiptneut look a }iin 
iQoat pan, ht-r oolonal wa« wounded, and her oap 




vruHElV DTTHQfO 7U£ CiV'Lb WAlt. 



17:1 



Slie accompaiuAd the fonuer to tJtt ioat. KvJiirro 
■be mlbistcrcd \o hiA aood£ ; uwit vrbcn pUocd iu tlie 
eum IjciODd to City Pcriut H(i;<|tiul, «ho rcDLtiaed uHth 
'^^i l^^'^ <^^ '^^^ rdief in her po^or, on thut fatij^U' 
Iny ^iiro«3^, although bantdf almo^it <ixhAtist«rl, l)Li\-ing 
boea vitliotJt deep /our d^ye aLd aigliU. Alitor A«eiD|* 
hdr Qobnet nfel^ and coiarortAt>ly lodged ia tto bonpi* 
u1« ftbo took one niglil'« roat^ imd returned to ihe Trout. 
Finding that lur G^pCftin'v bt^ljrhajl not bc<on rcorivorird, 
it lieing liuardoi]4 to make the aitcmpt, Hhta reftolvad to 
nawoo it, an ' it never should lie left od rebel sail.* So* 
with her urdeztj fur miIh uampaiiirin, tJie ntde fifU«D 
■litas to bbe acvne or Uie Ut« cx^nflk-U fouud the hod/ 
iboaraglit. atnpped it upon hnr hnrMr, rodr buck m*vicr 
loUei to au vmbaIin«T*at ivh«ro aUu vaic«d whiLfti Uio 
bodj TM embalioed; tben, agmin stni^nng it on htr 
borsflt flfae TOd« oeveial inilea &r1her to the C4r«, ia 
vhich nith her i>rcci<tQ0 burdco ahtt piocoudod to Oitj 
Powt, there obUiinod a rou^h ooffln* and fonrarded the 
vbela to Miehigwi. Without any dolay, iiridget 
reCnmarl to her reglraont, and told *o&e offlmta that 
VMButftd nen had been left rm the field fron which she 
r«ieD*d her cap'.ain'> bodj. They did not credit 
tale: eo she said, ■Fumtsh me sobm ambnlanco^ 
I will bring ihrfcn hi-* TIl» vunvc^xuoisi vtvre 
rfA her : she rcliaceJ hei et^jB to tlLedeSHit^l httttJe- 
Ud, and eoou hnil eoiae eight or ten pmiraufTrmm in 
wagoRM on ilitxT ynty to camp. The romii w«re 
tV and thrir ii3o>anA and cries garc etiiionco of 
mroay, \y}u\^ i»UU tiomo miles uou their dottci* 
-Ti, Bridget saw tcvcrnl iel>ou Appn>jkcJni^. She 
iho drivDrt In t^mekon Ihcur pa^^, and eiulc-ar- 
>ind to unftt her hor^o forwnrd ; luc he balked, and 
to tuove. Hm drivet^, becoming alarmed. 



17fi 



wouci oir Tim css/rnnr. 



de^iortod their oh&rf:o, and fled to th« iftMdB, whQo 
wuundod moD bcggvd thut thoy migbt Dot ho toA to 
oQcrcj of the «ii«iDjr, ftod to fuffor io Soulh«ru pri«cik&. 
The i^boU Boou cahh up. firid^t pl^od wiUi Uwm to 
Uavo thfl culTercnt uamol«t«d ; but they Utigh«d mi her, 
took ibe horse? from tbe smbalAoces, and fluch uliolM 
ot raluo w tho locn poMowvi, mnd t^en dniwil dIT lbs 
vaj tbdy cftino. Poor Dndget wu alaiiwi d«spflnt«, 
lUrkueM coming oa, aoJ with no odo to lidp her, tho 
wotmdod tDBU Lesoechii]^ he." not ui lejiva them. For- 
tiio»t«ly» an officer of our nrzajr lodo up to voe what tho 
tnattcr was. and ftcon Mot bone* and Malrtanoe to the 
party- When tho war ended* Bridget occoEupamed bet 
rcgitnent to TczMi from wlicoc>c :!horc(un>cd with them 
to Miohigen i Init the attnctioud of army life were too 
BtiODg to be ovctcoEoo, and she haa ainco joined one of 
the ngimenta of the re^lar army »tetionod on tho 
plains in tbe ndgtiborhood of tbe lUioky Moufltain«." 

Mn- KaXt Browiiell, the wffo of an otderly Mr- 
geant of the Itlrst and afterwaiiU of the Kifth fthode 
Island Infzintry, who like lUadune TurchLn wu bom 
in the camp, and was the daughter (^ a Scoctlab loldiir 
of tlie Bntish army, vtihA unoUtvr of itiom balf'«i]ilier 
heroinn. Adopting ■ lemi-JQiUtaiy drew, and pne* 
taing du^ with the aword and rifle, ilin became u 
akilfnl a abot and as expert a Eivrordsmaii tM any of the 
company of afaaipabooteia to which ahe waa attached. 
Of thia compoDy ahe waa the choee'n color-bearor i and 
Baking no indolgencoe, ehe marched wtth the meo* car- 
Tjmj; tie flag« and paxticipatiag ta the l>attlo aa biaToly 
ae any of her coBirade^. In tbe first l>attle of Bull 
Run, libo 4t<ioi| by hor colore, and meintaiacd her 
pofl'.tioo tUl all her ref^ent and aererel others had 
retreated ; and camo very near falling into the hand# of 



WOMEN DCItlNO TBB OIVII. WAK. 



i;T 



r. Ska wu in the expedition of Oen, Bum- 
del* tc lloaiioke EaJuid and Newborn, unil by bor coo^ 

being fimci upciii \\y uiir o^ni iroopH hy miiinki^ Her 

UusbttAil wu Kovcrcly wi>iitiJvd !a ftu engngt^meot at 

NonWra ; iwil «be reined huQ bom hU [>o>itioo of 

dmigQi* U« WM fiiulijr j^roDouaccd unfit forMTvicv; 

ud alw rotuincd to Ubod« Idttnd with hinii and 

leoeivvd ^b^rdiKbArgo from tho urmr. These aic only 

a fttir of thti maivj uu^ucioed wbere iromon abovod that 

Xhvy could and wotild bo »OLdion, warrioro, dof^od- 

«ff»ot tho "dnor old fbg." It tfl dt£Boult to asoertaio 

«U tlMi ^u)tA n^lative tomch instances ; and I Bun obtigod 

iPMiaftttf, that. ID iionidQftflei, Uio vocaieD-wanioriMIdd 

to gftitttaip tbat uoBullied cbniactfiT without which 

counge ftAd daring are of litde worth. But wbi;ther 

iba woaiea who fou^bi In KeToluuonjir/ days or in 

tbe lat« war, or dirlViiuli^l tbnir Ihhoc* id ^bb^itding 

CAtl^■u^" um nuuiy vrera obll^d to do vrtth xifle and ball, 

— vbether Uiey w-t'it* LoDt^t oiul virtjniLi women, baa 

aDtiiiag td do wCtb lb« qneuitiou of Ibelr ability U> il^fat. 

fttto — the litoru oticoinpiomiaiiv^ fncta of liistory — 

ihoir that wotnca Aae« been irum.'>R» ; aitd vrUai woman 

\m dixx! woman can do. So when tho oppODenta of 

vonan soSfrngo aay, " Vou ain't ^ghtt tiiorvforo you 

uqC vot«,'* t">UkL quioiiy to iho reoord, and eay, 

Woiaea mw ligbt. If they wUt." II««tcq be pnujtcd 

ihry do nui all vu\i lo ^^'b', t or eaith woold be a 

lODhim St oiKc. Uct i(''4V4n b« pnu^d aUo, 

vbdtt Kan«n» homes weiv iu^tluu^er, tba womsn 

vm ju brave a^ ths mtm : and wlivn robellion aimr^l a 

n&iUl Uow al imr oountry'n iL^, ami all utir fnw 

«lf;loiimtt iB5UtuUoQs iTsr« impeiiUed, vrauien were 

vnnUng to jinrpKTO Huubuy nIotiiqc ui tmid th* 



17a 



VOVE3I OJr tWM GttlTtkT. 



dybg; soldiers in our hospitals, «jt and to BghU if tb . 
oboM* Um Uttle of liberty. 

Hio WOHZN NCBABA of tboM fouT jTfan of war 
won rlf^cn-ixl cotnnoti<jAticK). The book nllisl ^ Wo- 
man's Work in tbe Wixr" nrodera dues pnued to tboao 
d«vot«d pAtrioU. Itev. Dr- Bollow«, rvfoniDjr to thvm 
and Uicir nolle work* In hU introduetioct, uM, ''Of 
the UU>r?; of women tn iho liovpitiilfl iuhI in tlM Arid, 
thb book glrcM m far fuller t^lofy tinui U Ulcoly to 
be got from any other BOQn!«« oa tbU «nrt of nerviofi 
caiiDOL \Mi n3oiiT(1i!i] tii Uin bLtttmaa of organiu^ work. 
F^ far Ibo laigest part of tbia wotk waa dooo bj 
purMiiia of excrptionii) energy and Kxna fino natitrml 
aptitude for the service, wluch waa indepeodeiit of 
organ] zatio Oft, and hnrdly submitted itself to any roloa 
except the iinpul^es of devoted Ioyo for the work, — 
supplying tact, paticnoo, and rcaouroos* The woman 
who did bospiu] serviee cooUnuonaty, or who kepi 
ttidnflolvoa noar tho baao of nxmioa in tho fiold, or wbo 
movtd arooug the onmpi, and tnrell«d with tbo ^rpa, 
wartf nn exceptional ctaas, aa rare aa boioinaa alwaja 
are : a elaai reproMotJtig no locia] gnule, but cocniag 
frooD all ; bolonging %o no rmik ornge of life in partiao- 
lar, ttOinrtJiDu young and iomotusn old, aomotiiBea 
re&ied and HoineUni«« rode; now of fragile pbyilcal 
aqsecttani] Lbon of vatrHonliiuury tobinitflaaA: biit« tn 
all CKMH, wommi wilii a mi^liLy love luid oaini^ilnn^ in 
tboir boBita* — aloveandpiiy. And ao ability lo abow it 
forth and to labor in behalf of it, oqital to that whiiUi 
in oCbiTT dcpanaientA of life distinfnuflbea potU, pbiloA- 
opheni. fligCA, ami suiinta, fron ordinary or avemge men, 
Uoved by an tndomiinble d»iro to eerre in peraon th« 
viccimn of wonikU and 3:ckneas, a few hundred woi&pa, 
impelled bv instinota whieh aaaured them of ttieir aliif* 



IBO 



WOlfBIT OF TH2 OBXT0BT, 



eqoal to tlietr sftorifioes* Thff ib»w tfa^ pi^y l^on 
richer treoflurT tbAn that cf the Doited States Gj 
ment. I never knew oae of them who hftd htd » long 
NervicQ, wLoM memon- of ibu grut^ul looks of iIm 
df ing, of ib6 fev awkward wonia tltAt fell ^m the 
lijx of thiuikful a>nini1«;«cKttb>t or the vjwtcliloa ejre* 
fbllovrin^ of tire depeotieut soldier, or the preaaare of m 
rough Ikstid softened to womanl/ goDtlotHMS hy long 
Ulnen, ^imA not the aireeteat ti-eoeure of eli ibdr livo. 
Nothing in tho power of the oatioti to give or to mj 
out ever compare for a moment with Uie proud eatiaCi^ 
tion which eroiy bmre soldier who riakod hie life foe 
hb oouottj alwnj* carnea in ha heart of hcarUj 
ftnd no pablic rocogniiion, do tbaoke &oin a eated 
naticiiT can ever add any Hung of mueh importance to 
the rewstda of those who ta&ted the aotuol joy of min- 
iHienng, with their owo \iAx>djt nod hvmrtf, to Lba 
of ov skk aikd djiog meo."' 

The Ixwpitals eetablialied bj tbe RmpreKS IleUns 
tie ftfiL cenUirj were an evidence of Chruitiaii foeling ; 
and it wax the same Christiam^ in aetaon, that w«a 
etldrnt in ?hfargaret FulKr ajid in Klnniaee \ightiagalT 
wh«n in Italy and in the Crimea they aiin>eJ Uie 
woimded m^Uiem. That eame ObiutUn epirit eeat 
women, young and <^d, gnre and gay, Homely and 
handaomet to the hospitals where " oni boye in Uno " 
needed bbeirtieBl»taiKe, Bravely they wrotighi,aiid often 
bntvd J they fell. 1>7 the dde of tboeo whom they nonedt 
and wujo the martjn of liWly ae well aa they. Uelca 
U Gilton of Aladsacbuoetta waa ooc of those. She b 
DR'Dtiacied in the book " Women's Woik in the Wai;** 
tut the sixteen pagea ^ven to her are not enough te 
•bow her deration to the ciiuku for wluch ah« euerificetf. 
health ; and it la fear^l tbe ]lfe vUvh the yteMed oi 



ens In ' 




VOMBK OCAEKO TUB OIYCj WAH. 



181 



long ftitor Umi war ms a final acumiioo, for which tboM 

vbo knew her I>e4t wero icut prepared. ** \n the aum- 

uisr of 1962 Mm Gil^oa was for some tJB» aUacbcd to 

^•BocpiUt Tnuuport Surrico, and yrxs oa boanl * Tiio 

Kaick«rt»ookcr' when up the PamuukT River &t White 

Home, otid ofterwuid lU Ilttrntoti'fi t^Aiuiir^ duitMg the 

^^vero batll» wUioh marked McCleUon's moveoQent 

^ypBi th« Chickofaofniny to th« Jai&ea Riwr. AmuLit 

the terriLU: Mcoea of thorn eventful dayn, Uia <[iuat 

■Dfftgj, the woDderful oomforling and Boolbing power, 

■od the pcffc^t dd^iptalfllitj of &nMi Gi]»uu to her 

irorkt were GOQApicnoQa. Wbalever she did wma dcna 

woU* aa*l *o ikhaqIomIx (hat only th« results vrer^ aeeo. 

When &ot more activdy eiaplojod, she would eit by 

Uw bcKiaidcs of the AulTcrin^ men, and cbann away their 

pain by the magnetisii of her !ovt, calm yoic«, and 

iQothing words. She caa^ for them ; nnd kneeling 

biKilo thcxBt whvro they lay aioidit all the fif^niEing 

aghta aod eocmd^ of the hoapital wards, and evun npon 

the field of ooroagei he^ voic« would aacend in petition 

foe peace, for relief, for austouilDg grace In Uie brUtf 

Jcvmey to the other worM, carr^'ir^ with It ihetr ftoula 

Iha realme of a» exalted failh."' Dr. WilUoni 

veil Read tfao^ tloqnuntly ti»tti(iHil coHcrnun^ Hiht 

mnUjd uonu-, nho, lliuugh jitipRiior m educ^licn and 

cut pcrhii[M to many, wiw yet in bur cfTurU fi^r 

nidien a ty|>« of th« #lhcr lojthful nurses from the 

Kftd WcaU " Ouo af'.erDoou ja5t before tliQ urao- 

LioB, when the atmc>sphcre of our r€<in^ wa^ cloeo 

bol, and nil wcr** kMi^iti^j Cor a breath of our cooler 

tcnbcro air, whil4} Hits tucn wcr« moaaiag Id paiu or 

wc ic3tlc» with fi^ver, and our heariB ^ere sick with 

[Uj for tZto sufFcrcra. 1 hoonl a light i^tep upon the 



183 



WOMJtX Of TfnC OETfTlTBT. 



broiigUt Willi fa^r nodi aii tiUaai|>lien» of culm 
cLterful oouraj^Ct eo muck frootiue^ audi ftn expcttolon 
of gcDtle^ W01U11J7 sjtnjMthv. tli.u her mora pmenoa 
Mtimtfd %o Ttriro iho droopui^ sj>tri1« of Uie mftii, uid 
to giv« R now |)owftr of eniJunuioo through tha (oof 
ftnd p&infitl hoora of sufferliig. Finii with one, Iheu 
at tho ado of anotfaor, a friendljr vord bens & g«iUio 
nod luid imilo there, a Lender »ympatLy vi(h «uih ptot- 
tfato flidTor^ti « ifjrmpMhy vhi«h coul<l rc^ in bis q^m 
hl« lon^U^ for home love and for tho prtiMnoo of >wiai 
tbaeni on^ — in those fov mibutes hefs was indeed aa 
angctl minmlry. Brfora »1io left iJie room, alkO vug tfi 
them. ^tlrst fionie alining naiional raetodjr, then suti>e 
BWTWt or |>lik[nUvo hyrati to Ktrttn^hj-di the faiiitiog 
lieari; and ! remenihei how the uotee |>enemt«d to 
•reiypAtt of the luikliDg. Soldien with l>eaa arnin 
Touad3, from the rooniA atbove, bej^du lo cnivl 001 into 
tbc cntiiGfl ; and men ficm beioir ervpt i^ on their hands 
and kndctt U> catoh trcry note, and to rcoeive of the 
benediction of her prosonoo — for &iu:h it vos to thab. 
Then ahe went away. 1 did not knotr who nhe wiet 
but T wa« Bfi muoh novod And melted ae any eoldier of 
them all. ThU i« my fi»t retniikUoence of tlulen 
GiJwa." * 

Other wnU'fh thao Ihone itrntioEinl — Rev. Cbarl 
IL I^c^ontiri tn ihe "* Ludiea* Ht^p^Kiior^v/' and Mra. K 
Clapp in ihci '* Old ami K»w/' and otJien -^ haw kUo 
told the fitory of hvr iiuble wotIc Iter rehili>p. Hun^ 
Frank B. Fav, under wboKO dmige ahe wnjt to 
baitle-JicldA, bae saDclitmird uU their praUe; unl 
fiitft-fallirif* tL-am of many eohiitfn nh-t attended 
fhncral, snd laid their tributes of violute on her 



I 



> BotpHftl Uin in lU Ann; «f Iba tWon.! 




WOMEK DORIXO TMM GITIL WJkA. 



163 



Adlb Uicy roT«r*t]Uy bent and touobed with qtiivnriag 
UpstiiQ ioj hrow of Uiotr mi« &iimd, aCtwt the chatfto- 
ter u>d «inric« of this noble voman. ■' What radiance 
of WDuuuiljr avriwcsvc* kIw spnmd vooDd h«r bj hier 
!■— iiMi<. die iDDilfi of her vdil-o, her gra^^loitf lordlU 
hcmT" vxcbiiTiwil Rrv, WPHftm It. Chaofdiig concern- 
ing her ; %ud aiidal« *' Hnv niLw;d a)iciT» nil frivjilniia 
bUjr aha seemadt bjr c«riieat -lUaigbtforwardue^H, tnutv 
pm&l Aiiic<!ntj* and commAoding ooii»dirni?r 1 - - . 
lk> fan rcmeoiber Uiat Scntlay evAuing lu the gloeLinizig, 
irti«u ahe cduno with her attcndaat on hoiacbaok to the 
Bowe House HoapJUl on the pluina, and al oar requeei, 
Hutditig at the h^od of the etoira, song hjwn oftcr 
kywD to oQr poor woundi^d f«Uow«T Tbejr ^d it was 
hlce Uio voicos of angele. Ay. it waa bc. Sho stands 
br na now at the bead of the golden euirway lo the 
keamu ; and tbe Todoe is ever, * Neoitr, my God, to 
thee^^oeftterto thee/" 

chapter will not afford sjiiice for due T«cord of 
noble t«rviue on tJie jiart of the ma^iy other 
wtm w^re nurMA ; hot Clara Bakton ntust not 
llnrgott«n. She perfor:H*;d Ihc «iUDc wnrV for (he 
Pinded aoldienk, oflen ^t tin- rtak of her Hfrf ; and when 
[ife wv WM ovrr flhe or^ganizod the " D;in^u of Itcoords 
;<< UMaff Men in the Anm<0 of the Umted Stated^" 
«Udi wwi fotind aft«rwatd5 to be on entcrprtse of great 
nhu lo the Government, as wcU as to tho frienda of the 
■Uitfc. SiieiBdnoedthoOovemmcnt tcUyont ceme- 
ttiy groundtf at AndorMi&riUe, pladi^ head-boarda 
•ba poejhle to identify the graves. DnriDg tha 
Twith and Priis^ian wni nho waa In Kuroi>e. SA^UtUig 
ifto *r r^i— nf Uie nobility in their elTona for the 
VQu . i-HsAnd lining tioUIo service for humanity 

-balifngft aa ahe had aln*ftdy done in her native lAwi 



iFoncn 



^^.Mm 



ISl 



VOMZN Q9 TBB OUItOBy. 



i 

>iad 

I 



The name oE Cla&i Baktov will foravdr shine 
thu 'CTomoi who Vp-ou a deotli)«M famo in cLc duji 
«ar UiaC colled for loyal and plUUntbioptc eiTott. Sba 
ie a natiro of >Iiut«icliu!i«tu, and iho cUughtar of ooe 
who ^rved hLi oouutrj aa a aoldkr iu llie Wait, La 
eajly dnj^ of tJie Rcpulilic- 

Tha mvre tUi uf Uidhq wLu fuUuwtfd in Ui« a 
that those mendoned made glorious would extend 
oh&pUrr lo lui UDreaaoLialilo kogtli : Uirrvfoio tlio rwlar 
umuX bo referi«d to Ummo books wbiob am deroiad 
vhoUy to the record of th«io Dobl« daoda, nod to radi 
books aa Uie varioiui hldtoriea of the civil war, to Uog- 
rajihica Mich as tbow> of " ChnpLnin tSiUer," Ltc 
Detbf ,' tnrio Dahltrreu,' Major SouLe*^ aud thfl Lik^. 
lo tho hifitoriea whi«h hav« boeo publishod of tbe Ci 
War, 

"UOTHKB" BiCKSitDYKKof tUe WeettUra, Mabub, 

Unu HUZA C. J^ORTKH, MaBOAKCT £U£ABBTfl 
BeCCICSKBIDOB, Mrd. BaBKRC, AUT M. URADLBTt 

Mrs. AJCAbUJ^A Gtiimrii Baulow, Mrs. NkluX 
Mabia Tatujb, Mra. Adelinb Tvlkr, Mnu Ifou 
BTsiN. Mrs, C'OuitKLtA A. I*- llAxvKV, Emilt E, 
Pahaons, Mrc. Sakah H. Johnj^fox, Ai.viila Kalk, 
CunxKLLA HA>ctK:ic. Mr*. Maut Mojtuu HcaBASD, 
(grandtiaugbtrr of Itoltcrt Morris* tho grait tfiiiAiicu^i uf 
our Rerolutiotiarr wjtr), KATHKBnt2 P. Woa^nujer. 
tfco Mia^cs Wooi-sKY, AityA MdfiiA lii^aa. Marj J. 
Saffoid (now Dr. M. S^IFord Blake), Mra, LvDU G. 
Pa&bisu, Mt9. A:<:<tis WnrB^HBrBB (wkoaa toa- 
pcraiu^e work wiJl 1m hcrcafl^r luciiUoacd), Mim M 
CKSIA KixtOTT. Mabit DwiGiTT PiTmse, 

ftHb ^*r rh*lt. A. iLtfu/nnl 



WfJlfKK DUKllCa TIIK ClVfl. WAR. 



Ui* 




Mi». Harbibt R. Coltax, (7lara Davis 
(qdw tliB wife of Rtrv- BdwAnl Alfbottof CAmbrdgcjkort, 
Uaao.). Mn. IL IL Si-nyciut. Mr^ llAR&tsr Fcmitk 
liAVurr. Ells:< Iv, MirciiBM,. Miaa Vance, iiTid MIm 
BUAOKUJUU IlArnH A. Dada, i^CSAN K. liAm Mn, 
KAAAn P. Edsoh, Maiiia M.C Halim Mt^ Anav 
KB (itJiOOXS «n4 dmos^htcr Saaaji IL GrODONBi 

E* J, RCSSELU Mr». MaBY W. LeK, COENEL,tA 

ToafTKTyfl. Mw- Aki^a C. McM kkxs, Mw, Jesi^bua 

SXALU Mrs. ^. A. MaUTUA CAf^FIBLD, Urd. C* 

OiiAJi ami MLut MoituiA, Mrs. SicRt-AjiD Wm-U, 
C C. Wktukkell, PiiKBif All^^i, ?kfre. Enuruc 
CBLIC, Mrv. lHAiir-L:.A Ku<Mi, Mr«. K. K. GtcincOB, 
Mn. CHAaLOTTB E. McKay» Mr». FAintT L. 
RiasETTS, Mnf. I. ^, E'unLPe, Mre. Ja»e 1L )Av«* 
UIJI^~*a11 UictM ladies aro mciiliocieid &« korotoAiid 
d&ctOLDt vooMii EUirM&iu ''WoQuin'i^ Work iii the Ciiil 
WftT ; " «iid to Uut book th4 resdcr munt be O'cnmcniled 
bt fiuthor knowlvdf^ of lUonu Beeittoo Uiom wboee 
«■« liAvo bccm iiubluLcd i& books, tLvrc ircxc m^uy 
More Uftclivrfr wlko spent tbdr BoUool-Vdcations id tlw 
kipiul, od did M> Jioncifi Mosft of WttlUmiD, Miw«., 
■adotbcn; and women who, like Aird.Lt;ciBF*JOHK- 
flOir ft&d latiUr Miv. Sasah Spkau of New liaTea, and 
Maat K. Capcn of UoKtoD, And oU^en, who were con- 
tiDt to be bkttdnffi to the ruOieiijig eokiiers. but whoee 
umca hftvo not Xt^wx scai't«jed (at mnd wirle, tl>oiigh 
I lltttr bliom are ft|vikteobled. Siirely tba women of tliis 
I nr-portion of our (century ant wocncn of whoni the 
I litioa tujiy well bn imiud. 

1 Volomes would bo te^Miie^J to give du^ ctedit to 
I mxh vomisn as AfiB? W, Mav of lij^ttnL. iwd her co- 
I Ukros, Mm* Maby A. Lcvbbmoeis, tbeo of Chloago 
^h(ftfigti Ikttton l>oni), iLDd Mrv< A. M. lloox, aud tlielr 



idc 



WOUSK or TUB CBXTUftT. 



Ml- I 



reoelved, mud forwarded eiippUns to th4i boipjail, d«vcV 
Ing most or th» v)io1« of thedr Unu) to UiU work, H 
HabT a. Levkiimokk (Ihl enential serTicfi, IkiUi 
baqiituls, In nid-BikTin'Jns Ivjr conducting funi, and Lr 
her«l<Kiui:nL roioe aad ftoUve pea, Addreoing aodietiaea 
in fnjcb n vny tm to gun all nho ukod for tbo «oldj|it% 
atul wtfiliiing^ tfarouich %ha |«ji4*r af wliiob «h« uvd bar 
patnotio Iiusbaod wete «diton, ad inflacBAO which wu 
ihdn exteoded. En b«h&lf of loyaitf Aod 
** Daring th« whoit wmr, cvco in tlio iiUsicat tiDi««. 
a wctik wftM pmwcd thi^fLho did not pabllnh mhmw, 
two br three oohimna ftt the )e««(. L«tt«Tdt inoid 
RppoftU, •ditoriol corTMpofid6ac«, — AJwft,v« mao€ 
|]i»«fuUinter«fiiin|7. — head aQdhaodAwere aJwayi bti 
ukI the nDiil] im[4«moD^ * ml^hlier tliU) Um 
wu never allowed to rest HDUved In tba I 
. . . Ih Ui« autumn of 1803, tho grwit NoTtli-w«fltVB 
S^niiAfy Fair, Uie Ant of timl seriea of similar t 
which uuitMi Iho Norih iu a hood of Ur^s and 
flpmid chaHty, iKTmirrrd, [L wajt Mr^. TJvcrtntirn 
iUgg«sted aod planui-d the fiisl fair, which oetUid 
ODo hundnfd tLouitand doU^&rs to tbo Sanituj Co 
aioa. Mra. lio^c had at fint do ooafideooe in tiio 
icct; tut »lie afterward joined it^ wtd, giriog It he; 
eiirneflt aid« helped to oarrj it to a sucoeftoTui ooDoiunotL 
It wan indeed a giaal plan ; and it iDoy b« ehiedr 
ited, from ittf inc«pLioti to ita furUinuto cIom, to tb 
indefatignblo and ekilful worker«/'^ Ttie biojiTa 
fikeiL'bcB tif Mnk lloge and Mn^ Lirennoro in 
lfnN:kott'i book are ftdl of iuierest. A bri«f liketcli 
lhL*re alio of ^liaa Xlay, n wciiuati of rare ax4W 
abilitj. With cbntaotffmtto luodMtj' abe ones 



* Wdnum't Work lb tlipCfrU Wat, 




WOHEff DtnUKO TBE OIVIL WAit> 



ISI 



lo m iBily wliii ftzjcrtl (br lUfna *ti<l n&mei wl ^roirith Eg 
atke due tDonnl of Ui« work of wnnrn la Ni^w Eng- 
Und. ^ It vftfi neosMr^ iLai itome one shutild liis ai ibit 
bead of the irork. and tHia pUoe it wu my bk-3wml 
fnvU^« to fllh But il WW oul>- k& tccideuUl |jtuiiu* 
BMtcci uid I iihocUd npret min-o than J can 03ipr«M to 
yifti, to h&T« this accident of pwutic^ii single me out in 
uf each iDotinftrftA jou pn]|i(u« frtmi ihe ftble, dovotodr 
(tekras womM ftU aboat ae, vlioee sacrlficcA and 

KhhilikMs and iH)bltiic«9 I can hardly o<Kiceiv^ of, 
oh Ism «p«ia1c of, u)d d^tot nppioaoh to. Aa ikr « 
B ptireooally ooaoeriied, J would rather your DOtJee 
iMtr part of (h« work ^oalJ bft of * New Rugland 
VDiaftD/ Wfi ft!ured iK« pttvUeg^ of th« work ; noi 
tttwijY «quaQjr; tbnt would bo impiM«ibl« ; but wa 
tfood sid<f by ^dd ihruutch H all, as New England 
VCMMn ; andi if we are lo 1>o rrmrmbrmil hnmjirinr, it 
oigHt to Iff ttnd^ UiJil KHfiw good old titk, aud ia one 
fDodly oDtn|)aoy. Wlien I be;^ to t^nk of iodmdoaL 
^ T grow full of aJmiratioD, and wbU I cotilJ t«ll 
of mnay a apectal woman ; but tb9 number «oo& 
wa|ipftUiDg, — your bi>ok would b« oveirno. and 
or nxMt of i\xi>it wlio would bavo bocn onuit«d 
■i^t well baro bc«ii there too/* 
Tbjii ii juet tbo «latQ of miod in wbiob t.be briof 
nl of woman's work in tbo war luts been punnc'.l for 
cJi4pt«r. If ft 1>ook C04ild not contain ibem. bow 
eon one cluplcr I ITk* n^ftMing nngr!, ibink 
rani knowv theiD«U; ai^il iLeir*'biU>r was not [n 
ki tbu Lord.'' Rer. Dr- T M. Rdd/, in lii« intnw 
qft to " TTw Boy* i^» Blue." Mr^. Houh'h ibnlliD^ 
wbrnun nhc ifivrt ibe cfmIiC at' l^ryely <hn* tn ibo 
and^lo " of ili« artay nf tbe Union, tnilj^ dec btea, 
TtviU be a woniliuful irtoty, if ever eoiue one aliftll 



'ami 



183 



woHBK Dv TKC craimT. 



write, M it should he writiM), ' Wonuti'a Daodi^ 10 
Wju-,* nud t«Ut u it tthould bo told, tbo Rlorjr of 
b&roic toil* Eaou^li i« kw>wD, enovigh A<i« Jke^n 
to cxoito tlio world'o admirotioti ; but muob 

When tbo war wnt ovor* tiicro ww» iv woik for 
women of tUi« o^ituiy to do. in InuaiDg tlw Irecdinea^ 
■nd oepoculi/ xhw ohildx^u ; uid tbo nobW woni«a who 
bad bcea xiur«e«, uid maiij wlio hud not, aali»t«d !■ 
tliifl Mw cnt«Tpcu(«, witb tbo mno ChrUtMui «ul wA 
oeU<«i*riftGe that Lhe^ bad ohovn lo the IiospiiaU. Hm 
nitoo of tho po«( Wliitder ww ftmong then, weftriitg ■ 
BUDO that ia dear to all loven of fnWooi, becaokQ lib 
lyrics hAVO BO earuoUlv jfloiul for tho Hlave. Aiio» 
Gardnor wan Llient, the tondier of culomd uhildn*!! nn 
beroaliroislaDd of Nantuclcot^ wtiou the aljoUiivim^A 
woro Oatnobod. She Uui^bt o«i« of tho flrai ourout 
ttchoola OTCr i^tabl:ftbud for ook»fid girl»i and doobtlcM 
did grand ftorno* m tmiuing for th« ii«igro«« oV tb* 
Sootli t4:iob«n of their own nwo. Tbo Now Engliuid 
OommiMioa "rnployed aV^nnt w^vWy Uadifint^ 1wpi>;j* 
two ill Virglula; And mi>4t« ul thwe wotu woiueci h^ 
w«re ceat-niA ap4 Helf-«acnHcd»f*, and wrcMght au uub^ 
atuoiuit of good for tho &codmoa. 

Tho Aiconcaii Tract Society has buied a little 
volume aa a deeorvod thbate to ooo Christiaii w^iuiau, — 
a frco colorod n*oo&ati, whoso falhcr w&<& a wh\U muo, — - 
Makt S. Pkakk, wbo waa tho firat toaober at Fortnei 
Uoaroo, Aftor loog yoara of Bilont and, 9m many Ml, 
nnr^htooai Igooring of tbo qucation of aUt^ery, tha 
American Tract Soeiaty at htit gavo tho oMod of ]inun 
to CUristiao vfTcin without i-tigatd to nme or colon 
Among the Udios djiittrigni^hed for aervico among tbo 
frovdinrii, bf Mm. Prak<ti« D, Oaob, a laily of Ohio 



wokncM i>DRn<o rtui cjtil -wxh. 



IKti 



UrtlKbut nf New RogUikl paj«ntag«. Enrly thu wife 

ni a Uwyo* vim wm ui nlxilitianinl^ siUa sfJiarod with 

Ub hb hfttrctl of ' ' Her fiiinity nf etght 

flUUnm aecamril J : luf hrr timo:>ptjilm wa^ 

il4o to ti^e bcr gnccTul pCD* and dealt powerful blovn» 

fw^ecdota. te^lpe^tcu^e««nd other rcfnnxii. Sh« fought 

Ibi bftUir of on slnliLtouuit ODCir when »he retoovod 

from OUio to St* liOuis. Sho has lived tho life of a 

lUlanthjopst s ftfid when the war hroko ottt bhe ^to 

vvtoatnd p«Q to tho right, editing, epcakioi-* a&d vmt- 

log ^er till ihfl ory of tho &o«dmQn mn^^hnd her, and 

Ai foood bcraelf &C0 from other cnret. and f<^om] h^ 

ddiilim among th«m. Foar of her own loy^ w«m ia 

tW Union army : tod In the aatonui of tSi>2 she went 

vithont aj>p(^atn>ont or ealar^' to Tort Rojal, where 

odfii other placea oaareho labored fourteen moiitha. 

Ek rvtiimed NDrth in 186^ and Wtarrtl on her eipo- 

iteliOM BBiong tho freedmeiit rousing othoni to tulior 

ibo tat their wd&n. This all winter, wear^Jn^ and 

«ftT^aHl work for bcraelf* but fuccrMftil ilh far as tho 

'raa ooDcenied ; and then in eommer down tho 

ocewBppi aa the nosBlaried ogcnt of the Western 

Sniliiy ComndflriOQ. Her name will forever etand 

anoa; the Doblo, falthM woaon of the first century 

WbA'^remenlKrcd tho^iaiD bonddai lonud with them/' 

who aped for the eoldtet and tho frcedman, and to 

•^.ita octr God has already faid. *" Well done I " 

Hn. trot Gatlobd Powses waa another tme 

H'zi of tho (oldiur flad the frvedmam ** Ber lutft 

^-jvtf bcDevoleDt wftrk waa eoiaintfne«d in 1663, — the 

■ '-n at tho cAjiitnl for this freed 

-,, ---.. jged colored women whom the 

vu kail iha Prodawattou of Emancipation hud thrown 
i|«n (he earo of tlie beuevtilmtt," Bat bIjo waa to 



itw 



VOURK \}T TIIK CflSTTCBV. 



feeUie hcAJth foi y^^rs^ aod died od the bcMon of tbn 
lordly HudiioD, m eho wv croin^ in Uw 0t*ftJa)cY lo 
AlUuy, on the 20th of July, 1863. '■ Afitr her Ub 
of DuefulnoflA, her Damo at Uat studs high upon th« 
rtiU of martyr- wometi vhom (hb vur hu VAd*.**' 
Maaia RrLLA^K of UtasaohosotC* proved b«iMlf 
worthy of L«r kilbtlnp Lo 4ho first wonUTy of Ut» board 
of otlocatioa in that CommoDiVMlth, irlio finkhed bb 
□ohlit cATiwr u p^«4id«nt of Antjocb Colleg«) Ohio, hy 
her faithful urvic« oa n teielMr and philaiiUin>[4o 
vnrkrr in lletonBt A.rlc., nnd nfierwnrtl u a taacher tt 
Golomd |i«»{ili3 In WaitliingUm and Oe^iT^rtnwiu ^akaa 
J. Maoak WHAoiiB of che heroic nuntm^ ajrl acit^I hj 
Um Hulo (if lier mother, Mrs. 0. 0. ITagar, uud afUv- 
iranb taugbl among tJ»e froeUineD aL Vjckaltuif^', vrhtfa 
fthc died, giving bcr hfe for iho Kacrcd cauM, Ma. 
JoBHFinTff: K. GatTFOf iraa a beroiiie. who wna alwaja 
an advocato for freedom, was f&ithful to tlie aoldscr 
boyv irbcQ lun* oUitr duticci in Wailiii^ton altowod, and 
finally took chan*o of tbo good vork for freodinen ia 
that vicinity. Onu of tho philanthropio uothodi *hA 
pureoM in their behalf was the fioduiff of j^ood plaoM 
for domoLiio ncn'ico for thtrai, and taking a eonpiqf 
from timo en time to various Northern aod WacBtm 
oitieo- "Tho orwt of them espe<litioD« she provided 
almo«t entirety froTnlMrrowD meam: her dungliitin^ vba 
Itavf' Inheritcul ihedr mother'n ipiri^ tielping oa far » 
|n«uhln in \uir tiolilr work. She baa miw gone to ha 
riHU Further meiitimi will be made of ber among llfl 
rrformrrK. '* Tltrrc wvtv great nninbeta of other la£« 
eijUA^ty efBciciil li) the freeilnen*a achooU aiid boma ia 
the AUantio Statos; bnt their work waji mainly mxUi 
the direction of Kreedmea's Relief, aod aubee«iDeetly 

t WtoHWi Work IM U-dOril War, 




WttOEs Dtraofo run cnm, waa. 



11*1 



;, jrf tbv Amcuiottn Union ConunisHoa ; find it b nai mhtj 
|Hobtiua &OID tliGUi ftOGOQnta of tbe Labon of partiai3ar 
Bolviduala. 'Vhi> rcooni of th« women who bava 
libofvd fidUifullr, Euid iM>t ft few of ihrm to tho ]<«« of 
tbfflr hit«It]t or Htp^ in work whic^i wm in aoni« re* 
ftpceCs oTca more repulsive to the it.iLuml aenKtl^ilitioft 
ikui ihmi in Um fwspitAls, if Binaller in niiinb«r^ u not 
l«u bunomlile Uiui llmt of Ihinr vittli'-iv in tho hoih 

B el acamtlj- Um tbeine U courJuded; for "tho haU 

fatf out beea told" cooeermng the work of womou 

fanstg tlio w&i fof Uio aoldioTVk «)d duiing uid vncv 

te WW Tor Lho frcedm^n. The eeoua of the fatnie 

iJooo otik givo Uifi o|>]K>fCutitty for a f\iU bistorj of Uieir 

ftflUo work ud tbeir likened infltjenc^. It is a tale of 

■If-vBdifie* mhI of boTouoi. And then wen herck 

vomeo, Nortli u>d South ; womeD loyal to tko Uaion, 

vbo flftan6o«d uid to«l«d for th« ** d«ar old &ig-" 

CU7 C. Wfttvon compiled a Tolum« In 1852, culled 

■raio Women of Hiaioty.'* Hftd bD ^iut«d » decjulo, 

oould baTu wrici<TQ three of the ttatue octavo nu, 

not have eztBLti:?kte«l tlie ttieme. He doclartfi id hla 

** An hpTnin woionn bt NlmitU liii ohject of wror* 

Thru Uiero sre inftiij' Ahfiucs to-day fur the 

of phjttc&l ftnd DiDTiil hcroiscn ; for North muI 

th, tbcT wornea of the ^r^t ccutury were biHYe, 

ffttriotic, ftQ'l heroic. 

The womcQ of Oett^vhtirfi; "won for thetn5e]Y«a a 

«ud hotM>t»blo record for their fRJUjfuloon to Cho 

ibnr gooi^tomly vul tbcir dfirolion to Uie wounded. 

uiuia^ tbeM. »nce ahe f^ve her life for the cnuf«, 

ttwtnnkoD MnL-JEsyiR Wadh. whuouutiirnvd her 

itt work i>f b«duti]f hraad for Uie Uuioo ano^, till 



sa 



^nhf 



WQHK^ or THE CESTUBT, 

tk nAm\ Abnt IciTlrd hffr iiuilantJj. A nrbftl a^m oi 
lii^i rank w«a kilted Almo^Jt &t the same inoniflcii onai 
ftnor; uid th« n^WI Ui7n|H, hiwtil^ crirutbuadiig ft 
coffivit vi;re alwut to pUce the IkhIjt of th^tr CAni- 
det in it for banal, wlien, in tho iWATiiig to acd &n 
of tho ftnoiek, & UnioD ooltimn drove Xhem &OEn the 
groimd, and, finding Mrs> Wftdo dead, pl»c6d htt to tba 
oofSn lutciKlcJ for Uto rebel officer. In that coAn ibe 
wafi luricd tbo next day, amidst tbe tears of buDdndi 
vho kDCwh/Tro^Himgcand kJndiKMOf henrt. . . , Mi» 
Cabbie SBBAD8, tbe prinoipol of Oak Rjdj^ Female 
Souinjuy, u fduo doMrvin^ of a place in our reconl, fin 
ber courage, hnnumity, ani una vomauljr tacL. . . . 

other young ladrof Gettysbmg, MJia AWBIJA IIa^ 

jr, a pupQ of MImi ShcAde^ dli^jre<l a mv beroisa 
vnder ctrcumFtances of trial." ^ 

Ttio Imivery and patriotiKm of Barbara PaiBTOmi 
liaabeen fiUy tcld bv WbHUer; ai^l tlie lierttittu of Mn. 
HBTTTM.Mo£WBV,wbovnon]dDotp«nait therebob to 
tear down the dear old flag tbat waved above bar djrit^ 
Boo« bu been finely told by Mrs, Lncy II> Hooper. 

" Tbe loyal women of RicbmODd were a noble band. 
Amid obloqay, pcr«ccatioa. and in eome caaes imptifr 
onmcnt (one of them was imprieoDed for nine ntontfai 
for aiding Union prisonenX they nercr ^teted in tkc£r 
allogtmico to the old flag, nor in ibeir Hympatby and 
ecrrloefl to tlie Union prieoDets at UbLy and Belle lA 
and Cutle Thunder. ^Vith the aid of ttrenty-ooe toyd 
white men in Richmond, they nUed a fund of ihirTeaa 
tbounnd doUare in gold, to aid Union prisoneia, while 
th^r glfu of clothing, food, and luxuries were of much 
greater valne. Sonne of tbese ladies vera treated wiih 
great erueliy by tlie r«tie^it, and finally driven &om the 

I Wamnfj Woik b Qit QtU Wj 



IVOmSlT DUBIHG TEIE CIVfl. WAU. 



lOS^ 



^ty I bat no vnt of them «nv prioved fiUaa to toy^lty. 
la Clwl«3toii, toe, hothod. <t( the RebeUion ii» it iru> 
that tru A OniDQ iMgne. of which tbo Jorgtr i>topor- 
tioB wi!t« ^rcKuetK cuyme of tbem wives ot dai^hton of 
pmcainoDt rehab, who cUr«d erery tJiUig, even choir life, 
Uwar Ubftitf r and Uieir sodal pwtiou, to reixler kul «nct 
ooofivt to the Umoa soldier?, aod to fociliuu tlie 
rtttini or ft govemtatnt of tibortj md lav. Hud vea 
fpw«, we mif^bt fUl niaiij page* viih the bercle dee^ds 
nir th«9f noblo wonwn/'' 

Abruptly tiie chu|itftr iniist clo«se, for it ut tuuaply Im- 
powhte to flo judlice to all the nohle Union wotnvn^ 
God Icnowv them nil. And wiU fino djiy K»y U» eAoh, '^lu* 
Mwioh w jre did iL uuUi iJue of tho leaet of thoee my 
bMhwn, yo did it uoto tae," 



< Wi 



1-^ wc«k lb iht am ivu. 



i^TEOAfiT wousar. 



IW 



mI notable mtli Uw [mki; wtd U is^ttumg the etemcuits 
rf ber oenLttDiua] j;lory, tbsiber litf of these trbo hev* 
mtica wifl«ly umI vntb ui ettnMtive pen U lor^ oud 
bhghU Hut af*^n the brevity wtueb b needfut foriiida 
tlE thfi |iT%isa whtch U due- A portiim oolj of the tten 
Id Um pklaxjr nf woraen vbo love Uteraciire, and luve 
Um Buceevffijl in tli« pntlis of IttjBmy en^cAVor^ can 
bi nwDUoned hem. 

AmoAJi. Adams won tha IsureU wliich do other 
praiddA'ft wife ever won, wbcii »be wrote h«r '* l^^ 
tan,'' albeit abe dul mot vrrite Ltnem for puLlifatioo ; yet, 
btiag publubed in mftcr-vetrs, tbcj fibowcd her worUiy 
«C e place ftjDOQd tbe " wocaeD of letteis " in our huad. 
lUtf :vAJi Adavb, the ilAaght«r of « fonacr in Med- 
H VIA borti in 1755 ; but tsiic vrroie fur manj 
ifun after Um ooatoiy oooLciieaoed, and beloaigs luuo&g 
iiiervy 1rolDet^ m duo vbo hoA helped others who 
■bee eriaea to fame. She l&Si off Ui^ makiDj^ of 
for a t)vixig> id ordvr to prepare youj^ men for eoL* 
I and ber faaie aa e teaeher wu f:Teat. Yet she te 
knows bj her booka, *^Tbo V'i«TW of Kelfgioii" 
{ftluuirj i>f dtffoADt MCU), ^Tbe IJutory of New 
td" "Tbe Rvid«Dcee of tbe OhristJun Reli^on." 
a ^ lliKbirjr nf thn JewK," wUiiUi latUtr hk now coci- 
^t&rrd the moat valuable of ber productMna. Sho wu 
doliIlSte and voocntH^t jhtiwiiu Mii^ ChllJ, in tier 
LsOenfrom Kev Vork," dovotea a cbnplor to onco 
fooacemlog bar> AbeeDt-ffiiodod but kiad-hcfirCed, 
Utet&fT ab[Uty bnt do Uuuieae cop^^, she would 
■itlTered in ber okl ^e but for thne weoJUiy 
Ltleo»^ of Bo&too, iti-bo Mttlcd au annuity upon her. 
4M in 18:?^ n(*od fbTonty-fiix, and wag the ftrrt 
btmol iu Mcmit Auburn. ^^She wae wannly 
lUiU eeteooiod for tbe singutar exoellenee, 



im 



WOUEH OF THB CBXTUBT. 



puriLj, uid juttiplioity of licr cL^rsctor. . . . Thtot 
lif&, tbo gcDtlenesA of L«r uiatincn. aad tlie 
of her temper, vrcro childlike- Sbo trastod ^ her 
lo the c«utTot of her Le4TCailj Father; ftiid ahe ilid 
trurt in vmm/' ^ 

Mrs, Sigoujtey, and other Amerioau wviDen who 
won dLitincticn with the pea* but vho have vnueo 
tooxo veivo thuL [irotie, or &re boiler kuowa a* poeu* 
will ho mendo&ed in another chspter. A writer ia the 
>* North Amerieaik Rerlew " * decUrcaiT tJm ^ it b & to* 
tuxMo l^mg for 3f)y country, th&t a portion of its titers 
turviihouid fnU nitoUifslLniidaof ihofea)Aknx;boQuiM 
their inflaeoce in every vndk of leLters U mliDOtft Hure 
to be powerTul oml good<" Such hu eurvly l>c«£i iImi 
Iiiflueitcw of our Aitioricstii uoitiau, who havo wriUioa 
booke the world will not boou Mop reading. 

CATHBKCnt M. SkDGWICS WU9 OQG of tboic- Sh« 
wae bom in SutckhrUlge, Ma^.; and her firat book 
appeared m 182ii It wi« cuUod "llie New l^ltiglaikd 
Tale," and waa received vo fax'orubly that in 16^ aha 
published a novel in two voluuMS. called " Uedwood.'" 
Una wud rcputlLjIiod in Eiigkad, aod trnatlated into 
Frecch and Italian. She then produced her moeit popo- 
lar bde, *' Hcp« L«=t2ie ; or. Early Timoa in Ankacioa.'* 
Then came '* Ckicnce.*' *' Le Oijou," and "- TIm Uih 
woods; or, Sixty Years aldc* in Americft.** Sewal 
volumes for the young, and a coUeotion of har talea, then 
loet Uie public? eye ; miil in I ^0 nhe publiahed ^ Letteis 
boon Abmd to Rhidred at Hotno.'* and ahortiy afl«r a 
*- Life of Lucretia M- Davidwn.** Uim Sedgwick wv 
a fin^^ucot coutriUitor to the pciiudicala of bur day ; and 
her fugili^'o tdieUhisA wera afterward coUecteil to ''"^»"*f 



MTRRART VOMEV. 



IflT 



t!i« Tvlue of K oftfT rdiUoo of her vor^. A wttt«r la 

tbd ^NaUooaI Porumit Gall^rj," wHi mjrjj oilier vonl« 

bf cotamcDdAtiom ajs* " llor st^lo is [^cv^ulukily gooJ : 

viiiuIIy tree &nin vtilfncaR Aiid ncfzligtrnc^, k U mon) 

dirtaogtitAhcd by delicw^ and gTSC« tbui itm^gtb ; aae) 

(U ptmtj of her ^igtish may afford u model to acme 

n( our lemrood scbotuv." Sb« Uvod a iificfQl lifo b^ 

phflanthrof^o «■ well an lit^rarj ivaj«f aulU ISGT* wheii 

ibk puvwl vimy^ ^Iakv K- Dkivrv baf written bei 

Uographj in a cbamuitg mjuinor. Mt%, K^iii1>Ift write*, 

* H»r tn^iDor; now remabis to me, as thsi^ f>f oim of tbo 

s(Mt cluuitutig, inoittuni]i]Jvt,an<t moKlHitxci'lIcint pentori?i 

I bave ever kiiovD.'* 'Fbe world b blniKeJ. wbeu aiit:b 

■ tnirnan tu4in titr piTti. 

MAfiaA&KT I'^CLLKR D*0&80Lt W&s EUDy tliluk, the 

gra&dcit wotaan of t>io ainetottoth ccctnry. Sbt^ wna 

cotainljr one of the Tco»t culture irbicJi America over 

mtlothaOLd WoHd.at tho timt £&*) went, — in 18^I6< 

Bon 2Sd of May, 1^10, in Maai^diuMtt^ of cducatod 

tfld nfioad parectagOt &ho gave hcnolf to sttidy vitb a 

itiiroiJBbfioW ifirl oathuNuuQ eoldofd if «vor oqualjod. 

>■ Fiw emtseiit scbohis. fltnggUag id youUi for uaiTo;- 

■iooofa, and praparing for a careor of «xcliuiva 

i.bctvy labor, 1uv« mnd^ eu<^ atbiinments, In tbo same 

pfrioJ of lifoi. In philcMOpby and varioOH teanung, a« 

Uirpret Puller aocfUDpltshed long before ale waa 

tau^,*'' BnvrtMwof foitanr^ following Iwr fatlior'v 

^Mib, kuJ her to become the Le^cliflr of Uie ycDogei 

OBBib«ii of the fa£iu)y* and fmoUy to teach ottonu 

5ko taught Latin and F^enob bi tbo sebool wbloh A. 
IhKaoa AJoott bad Oflbibbsbed in Boston, and awatcd 
jTiTtte i^ptls aljo in the study of vadons laagua{*eft. 
Aa cttBu^ of eaoh wmk in tbio busy period was ^ven 

* rnrmii (>«n«rx nf i:nitaaat 3Ih Wh! Wocmp. 



193 



VOHKIf Off TUS CE^nCBT^ 



to TfiftdlDg OenBta aulbors to Dr. Channin;;. SI10 sooa 
aftvr bocuiw priiioip<d of a Mhool in Prnvidooc^, ILL 
In 18S9 alia oj^ned clanMH for coaY«nAt3an in flfutott, 
viiich wore liu^geJy attendeil And bectme wiilelj fuunuiH 
Hicnt wiLH rame of «ZDfttlefiL Wtttriiig on }ier [uirt Uun 
of con¥et8alioD oa the part of ber cbas. " Orf«k 
Mythology" w ono of Uia principd IbamcA. FIto 
wiuter eeaaowi tli«M oral lectures conUiiiied; Ihe fins 
irtv. cthicflt cdnoatioa, with kindred (opica, rapplyiag 
th« cKenwa. Margarel's pen iraa busf abo. Sba tmi»- 
Inu4 fma tbo Gonnan scvoiaL vorka ; and in 1S40 dM 
WM engaged in ftiniitibio^ arti^lea for " Tba Dial, a Ua^ 
aaino for LitciHturtTi Philoaophy, and Raiigion," vbaoh 
waa ooutumiMi cimutetly till l^il Tba fint two vol' 
itnios ih9 edited. *'£eTeral of ber bMt articlaa 
wtittan fof it; among whU-li may bo particnlarlj 
tkmed a jndidooa appreciftiion of Goptha. foil of Inaiglit 
aad ar^ncitjr, in tbo Hftb iiumbar; and u ftocly c ooooi frf 
disotUHion of what ia called tbo woman qUMtion, in a 
paper entiUod * Tl>c Omit I^wHUit,' In tbo funrtb rn^ 
ume, which waa aub4«quenU/ de¥elopod into a Tuituna 
bearing the title. * Woman in tbo Kinetumth OBctnij/ 
a highly poetical aa well ba ptactical treatment of the 
aubject in many of ita aspecta, with illufttntioni drawn 
trciD tl)o heromm and literaluro of all landa." * In the 
autunm of 1$41 Mis^ f^illor accepted an offer to write 
for ** The New Vork Tribune," and reoioved to the leai- 
denee of Horace Greeley. Twenty-five years afterward 
the talented wifo of Mr. Greoloy bora ample tvrtiaoay 
(in converaatkKi with the author of Ului volnmo) to hm 
gimStnag a wnt«r, and herrnltrvJlionv aa a woman. Sht 
Uv<ed In th«) b«;uris of ihova wbo knew her, though they 
may not jd^m^-v bavia boen ber vt^imU intcUedunlly ; 

1 FvrtndKWDffrT.*^ 




UTBKAmT WOUBK. 



Ifid 



ftud t i bo gp wbii dill Dcxne near tn Iier lu Kjtiiptttli/ Tor 
Ttfonna or caltiiro nlvr&ys hold her id lligbc^l t»Uvm. 
Of bcrtoioura mforei^taixlfli heriii&mii^Uci«: Imi 
Ubom ko ItAlioa lumpitab; tho biitb of her onlj duld. 
vfaoBemnAuift rest ill Mount Aubura; hcraiuEpLipirreck 
CO Vun LiUoil lietcb on th^ ]CUi of Jul^, 1950, — ODo 
BAjT TCftd in Uio ftilaiirablis tceiuoir pnipared by Uitm of 
Imp frioadU, — Etalph Waldo Emeison, Jftmea Fr««EQAa 
□Afke, and WilUuD H. ClutuiJtig. H«r uAtDoir In two 
folomvi, and licr irarks la four, form ft valoable set of 
boobi for aaj librvy, Jh&fl uv ■ bettnr monnmnuL to bar 
worth and geniia than aoy graDite shaft or tdaHJo 
•tBlna oould he^ lla^r nomo livt^ in i.Hi> hutnry of 
American Ul«i%ture, an imjiifauon to tbo Atudeut* a 
ibiDgUi to tba ntforawr, odd of tHo ooUa iroaten of 
whom Amenca may vrell l« proud. 

Ckd-y CiiuituucK Jvr>doy, well tmowD by her nom 

i» ptttow of Kanny Fortedt^r, wu a lltetary woman who 

ttraggM tipwinl Lhrcugb cir«tu&stanoc0 of poverty 

ttd diftooaragomeDt to a high place among tho writera 

of onr land. Sbo was bom in L^aton, Madison County, 

If.T^ Aug. 2% 1817. WiMn ojily olerco aha worked in 

a v^l^ ^cCory, goang to tbe dktxict school when tha 

mill was doaed in winter. Sho «ngi^:^ in manlUA-mulC' 

bg, while aha atwlied at oth«r hours; helped to taka 

cIbu^ of tha bottso with th« boantcra, by wbiiUi Lho 

baiHy gajoail a livelihood : nwo at two o'clock to waab 

brinn acbooi-timo amna diya, and ut M\' till two »*dook 

ttkdfing on DLhar oi:cMi>nji. FtiL^Jl}', nheti onljr flfLeeOt 

ibaobUutiod a HtoatiOD aa baacbor« and thenceforward 

iha tan^t and wruCe, till bcr oama booamc familiar to 

tW^atroita of tlie Uiica Fenulc Senunary aa n teacher, 

aad to Lbe readon» of '■ Tha Now Mirror *' aa a writer o£ 

i9ci|btiy proao or totLchiug vvrsc. Her Jlnt book waa 



SOO 



woMRH or Trr* ctsnvwr. 



"ClmHw Uiin^" for vhlcb aIm ftnW rvcftivwl fiflj 
dollura, Um prootwds of uti edition of fm<vn Imtul 
Otlier jnTCnile imtka wnm iMinecI bj the B«ptiAt Si 
dftf ScbooL PuMir^titf^ Hoqsa; &nd vil^ tlie 
Aod oTit of her smaU nlu7 of oae hoodrcd and fil 
doUars and board. sIm flAved ecoii^ id fonr jrca» to 
tmj a [Kni^« and garden for hcrparcnta at llamiJton, 
tbaa gntifylnf: th(» 5lial bAtincts of her nobia oatarv. 
Ilor magazino eUric^ wcra published la book-form, vith 
tho titl« of " Atdfrrl>rook.^' the book by vrhiah the 
DMtJj known nntil, in IS45,Bbe becun^ the wtit of 
cnstDant mwiaooaiT, Adoniram Jiid];on, SIw thtD 
parad tho •• ^fomoir, of Sarah JtoardtDftn Judpoo,*' 
for n aa-^aduxi biboreil In a fnmgn ^.an^l. laarning tb« Dl 
BMse langujige. In 1S47 b«r daughter trui born, 
h<»r pnc-tn, " Our Hird," isuao into its ptpitcant form. 

*' Tb«rB*a oat to lu^ a IotIjv UnJL 

HrOAil «uth owm doI a happdfv avL 
G«dl IbcmbMiafoiifiUlaaCirrod, 
Wliot* valpn nemmore ifaall mt " 



Tha iUnan of Dr- Judju^n led to liU trjing a ftea<< 
MgB : but he bad to leave ber hi that faiMiff land, 
t^rth t^ a itnn who did not miTriTif, and wna 
bitri«d In the deep. Her health Unperalivelj reqi 
rptum to her native land, and in October, 1d»1 sh« 
in BfMtjm. *' Her ft^ir nrmaiimitf j^eaw iv«n Uigdy 
pted in devotion to tho memoTy of ber husband, 
rendered important awstanee ba Dr. Waylaod in 
pnepaifttion of the memoirs. A collection of bex 
entitled 'The Olio ' nppoan>d in ISoS. She aJ^o 
other oocnaiooal poems ; a book entitled ■ The Katlmj 
Stato,' Ukd her thou^hta teTtrtjng to the p^U a Utnt 
BieBiorial of her deceased nster?, ivitli the atmplA til 





ipAtioo, &t horhonko in HumilU)a,N*Y-,Junt 1,1954.''' 
HABUrr BXBC^Bs Stowb Ib a name that vill livo 
ii1oi^BaUiei«uvloTeiv<iffr6e<loniao(lbiit«n of slavery 
h ov bni«d UdcL or the voM. Sh« b the third d&ugb* 
Ik nnil Aixtli chiltl of Rev- Dr Lrmi:i lUTchor and 
Fuultf, aud vr^H btjni i:i LttiJiiJuld, Ounit^ 14Ui 
JttCM, 1812. Her motber died vhea aho ms but 
luijeaaold. TwojTGQiHiuort, andbef ^Lbetbrouglit 
g«&tid Btcp-nioihcTt wboeo iu6u6nce vaa excellent 
Qpoa tbo futuit nriter. H&iriet iraa ttnt Ui a fua<ms 
icadctDj la bor natiTQ place at tbo age of bctcd. and 
eoatinQed there till tir«lYe. She ms a diiii^ent reader, 
fven et that eo^y age, and the novold of Sir Walter 
Soott win among b«r fuTOnU) books. She profited 
ttlj by the iDBtruetioQ given ia the art of compo- 
aod in ber tirelAli yoar wav appelated one of the 
«Tit«» for the annual exhibhloa, ■* The qne&tion pro- 
was, * Coa the uamortalitir of the noul be prored 
the light 0^ nature ? ' in which eUw took the nega* 
Itni^ *1 Yemember/ aaym this 'the nccaie, to me so 
enniraL Tlie liall wan oniwded with all tlid lit«frali of 
Utoh&eld. Before tbcia all our compoaitioaa were read 
lod- When mine mu read, I notiood that &ther, who 
dtta&f on the right of Mr. Brace, brightened, and 
hakti lateiOBtcd ; and at the oloeo 1 heard him aay, 
^Who wrote that compoaition ? ^' — ■* Yoar daughter, 
SE,** was the anawtr Itwae the proud««t mocKUt of 
Mf UA. There waa no misukinf; fatbor'a bee when he 
VII [Jo ion (I ; and to bare tDteiwted Aim waa pa«t all 
Jattmla triumphA.' " 
She married Rer. Pr. C. E- Stowe in 183^ and 



KmLmbi Putinlii^ AcL 



202 



irouEx or job givtukt. 



tesLdod for vome time tn Cindimatl, where bo wt« t 
pn^fomor in the Ljuw Thoological S«aiiiiuy. Hon il 
fait Uie preaauro of poverty ; and tbe struf^Ie to c^re ft 
agrrjwing fjLmily with limitj<il tnriiiui ted Ut U>o one al 
Ijer i)«ii. Slie wrote tttoriee for iwriodicab aiid Sirndx* 
•ohoo] books- In 18S1 she wrote for "^Thti Kvtioi 
Et^ " U^o story of Uncle Tom. '* It wu ehoxtJj «Cl 
published in Bctttooti with the title* ' Uncle Tom* 
Cabin; or, Life ftmong tJie Lowly/ Ite Bueoen wee 
inuDodiato imd oxtnordiDory, , . , Within a few skonthf 
of Ha pQblioatkm, one huDdred aod fifty thoanad eopM 
of die work won coM in tbe Cnited StetM, tod its nccvi 
tbrotd was quite as reniarkaUe. Tbe firet Londdft 
edition, published in Mey, 1S52, was not target, . . . bol 
in the following September tbe London pobUahen 
nkftbed to one honse ten thouscuid copies pvr day 
about four wot^k^, aiid liad to en|day one tbooMUid 
eons in prppuing copi» to supply the gvDeral 
Dy tbe end of llie year* a miUion of oopteii bail 
sold in I^ngloud. It was at once tnuidJat^d into mt 
of tiie Unguagee of Europo. Mr. AMibooo, in 
* UictioDary of Autbore.' enumcmtce boarly forty 
Jationa in eoTCntecn different foret^ toogooe. • 
idditioa to tbia. it was dnuaatked in twenty dilTei 
forms, and acted in the loiuling cities of Ktirojm 
Aaerica. The sale of the work iu the Utiited Si 
iadnding the German venion, bna raaobsd, it has 
ealcutated, lulf a mEUIou of oopies. In England^ tn ihi 
abeenco of oopynght^ it bod tbe advantage of being 
producttl in Mvno twenty i^tlitforu^ tanging in pHoa 
t«n shiUinga to fllxpeitco a copy. A popular edition 
largo clTcuUlioii wah iHtiKiruUKt by Gcotge Cnukahsn] 
As a Tindicstioa of iLe AH^ntlal truthfutnees of 
pictures of fliavo-lifo in her book, Mrs. Stowe 



Ij 



^ 




LiTRRARr wouew. 



^3 



ly poblbhod ft Yolumc eatiUc<I A Kcj to Uncld 

Tom't Cabin/ a coUdotlmi of facts on t*be subioct, <lmwn 

fmm SoQthani auChontJM-"^ 

^k*- CdcU Toin*a Cabin " vu Kfn, Stom't «Ac^^*<rui>r0, 

^Bt ifaa baa alticv writMi other worlca of gr^aC interest. 

^pg ** Snnnj MnDorles of Kareign Landf " b an nttnLct- 

^m akvlch cif what she ww nrH eojoyed in Europe In 

1S&&> Aiu>lber ttttli-ti!iiv«ry or^rr!, " DmI, a T^itc of tho 

Qmi DuidaI SwuDp^** met with m sals of Ibree hundred 

ftaaia&d cofitea in Englaibd and America, ^frs. Stowo 

kaa written roan^ graplilc skotcbea of Nevr En^aiid life 

m earlier periods, vbich are extrcicclj popular; among 

whicb " Tbo iiiaist^r'a Wooing^" " The Poarl of Orr'e 

I liknd," and ** Oldtoim Folk^" &ro chief in nize and 

hntarvt Sbe uIbo wrote for "The AUonlie Motitbly'* 

lad ** Tba ComhUl Magazine,'' to be published nmnl- 

luMotuJfr an Italian romftnce, ** A^nes of Sorrento.** 

A veltuna appearir^ In 1669, concerning Lord and lAdj 

Byron, awoke ninch oonttOYBtsy, Since then flbe baa 

vnttcnontjr montl ieUe^ And vtoriat for tl»e joung, among 

Ibna -Palmetto Sketcbea,'* deacriptlve cf Flontla, 

rhfrnt sbe rr^dea fstch winter, Mra. SUvwo nglitly 

very lii^^li |]'a<^e aninug the lit^mry vmmifu oi 

fint ceclury; and lier writings tad undoubtedly a 

wUa and cmukcd inStience, bbdncing tbosic political 

Attagm and military erenu whicb preceded tbe emand- 

of tbe slave in tbi^ country. 

Sajuu JA^ns LirrStfOOTT n^tf CJarko, widely known 

QnoB Oreenwood, bom in OnondogUi N.Y^ id of Fil^ 

•boek. Sbe commenced ber career aa an autlore^a 

TTOtii^ lettATe to tbe editors of '^ Tbo New Mirror," 

mmff tbe olliteratiro nom Jm plamf of '^nmce 

Tbe brilliant k:tej^wnt«r, wbo wn^te 

< MiaUtni Podnau 



S04 



WOMiat OF TBK CBWTCBT. 



tl)3o oonuwt, impiuwionecl poctrj. bec«in« at onc« » Urtkr 
jtQf aod eadi ^ fau cdntinaed to be, A volrnn* o(, 
hor pTOHj KTttin^, caiUiK) >* Ore«u«^)od I^eare*/' tfK' 
published in 1850, and a toIuiup of *■ Toeing " in 1&S1»| 
JW1]iivi>il lija linolc fiK-cliililntri (.^llrd "M7 Pfftn." 
liftf atfto pablmlif^l a boolt called '' Hftpa wid Mbb^w of, 
ft Tour in Eiir<>i>f/' In )«trr jroara sho has beifi 
'MAifQl]; AcUre &ft a kcUircr and reader, and la now iai 
'Europe. writiDg readaUt lettera to '•The New York 
Time^/' wliiefa an eagerly peruaed all orer Uio lacdi 
She ia Tcrifying her ovn word£« — 

" Ob, nal I ncTtf irill grow oM, 
Tlimia*! j^atn nn jp»rt mil iiy, 
A&d aiNcr o'er mj dorir brown k^lr, 
AqiI dim mj laagbing fjd^ 

N<« dim the glaooe oC lov« | 

tij bMirt e«at« od tkii worlfl of onn, 
AndUruUitbU^borfi." 

EiJSABffrH F< Ellet, Iia« it^d her p«a noLI}- and 
;BiiGC«aifnl]jr. Sha wa« horn on the ihon ot Lalca 
Ontario, ihe daughter of Dr. WHIiain A. Lnmtnua, and 
grand-daughter of Gtn. Maxwcllt a Ilevolanonaij offi- 
cer. No wonder :hat in aft^r yt^vt i^hc wrote tfaret 
•xoellent Toliimca U^\hng of " Tho Women of tha Revo 
Inljon-*' She wrote aI*o the t>ook ealJcd ''Queena 
American Scxiif^ty,"* and a Tolume oon^ming " Women 
Artii^ta " of all nations Ftom th«t(« thro« l>ookf> hara 
boen gleaned man^ of iha facta and ineidanta whMi 
adorn ihc%t pigca. Sho wroto poetry ng well as r''oac;| 
and a rolume of her poeniji, cHgioal and tmnalaiii 
ptiMbhed in l^^. ^he contrihuU^l Krgeljr 
tV&nnuN jienodirjilFi, fniilsding " Tbn North A: 
Tleview," for whioh woram fUd not usually write. loh 



OTK&ABT VQinCX> 



206 




sh« publidlic4 tbo '* Uomcstic Hutorj ol the 
tricui lUvoluUon," dadoed to tiihibit the spirit of 
period, to portmyT as to oa poeeiblo tt^ social tad 
oondition oi tl>e coIonUu, tnd tba «taU of 
llrihig anoong th» pMplo dariog cbe w&r. Tbongh 
dali&IE with tbfi umn gTMt events irbloh ddv«li:ipc<l 
V ■ I Tir cbitncten'stics of the " Wpmca of the H^ 

1 .-, Uiii< luAt work ui noL ii <:i)itliritt:iUciii, liut s 

utd intrrvstiDg rtow of that tremendons struggle, 
which teetul ted in gaining for Amrnca % ]i1jico amoog 
MiiDnu.'' Shtt hM ftlM> wriUoa ''PiciureA &oiu Bible 
Bktciy; " ftod it ia hcp^ hu not ;et had aeide her 
EkU« pen, which has 1>oen used In prodaclog nearly ftU 
Tirietios of lit«nitixrc. 

E3DCA C. Embubt, k^ Manloy, was horn In Nov 
York Qfcy, tad began to iiTit« when very young ; hor 
tet artidos appearing in tfao ponodicald of the daj 
tsader tb« naioe of " I&ntho.^ Her firat volume ww 
pehlbhed ahout the yea; 1S28, ** Guldo, and other 
pDvau; '" bnt the worke which hAve gnined hor most 
oel«hnty an Clio»e written to assist In ihe education of 
iba jmng, esptfciBlly of girU.— '" OoostancB Latimer, Lite 
fi&iul OM," '' TliR WuMorf Paifuly," *' Nature'* GeuUt 
«r Aacdcau Wild Flutvem," and ^'OUmpses of Uonie 
B«sdc« these hooks, riio Iios written many tales 
pocfna fur the uagazinrs, hut mOTo proM than vcne* 
Hakhext Faalrt. well and widely known as tlie 
idilor of ** The Lowell OOering," tbo roagasino of tbo 
iieiof7 girls of Lowell, ii* now Mrs IJcnlc^'y, Ilcr 
^tWrwaa a Ooi»gn-g^t:ona1 olen>3m&n c>f Cl&retnont, 
tf-II-, with a family of ten ohJdren; and she wne 
r« early called ui a£»iftl in h■^r owu aauitenaDce, 
soon (by entmng the cotton-milU w-h«re the l^ 
warv ahnost wholly Aneriean girls of good 



SOS 



VOMW Off Ttn ourruBT* 



famUEea In those euly ^ajb) Wftn eiittbt4:d to 
Ui« libvnl ffduontion of a brotbci, I^trgelj tbiDi 
the influenco of ReY. Abet C Ttiomu of Luwell. tha 
bvtoij gtrla wcr« induood to tuw the pen u well m 
tend the loom ; suid the uuh^iuine W4e etArted which bia 
ttnoo gained world-^wi<le ootobrify* though it did ml 
endure* MJas FeHey beeoice the proprietor, uid wrote 
u follows; "1 dooU thapubliehiEi};, edidAg. canTUiingt 
eed, u it k bound in mv offlue, I can, in e hurryt btip 
fold* cat covoT^ «iitGb, &0. I hAvo x liule f^irl to umt 
me in the folding, iitilohiug, &c^ the rett, efter it 
oov<« from the priot^r'a huid, U ell my own work, I 
employ no AgonU, iind dopond upon no one for nasst- 
anoe. Mj edkton is four ihoiiurul/* A idcetch of the 
Ufe mttd bdxirK of this remarkable toiler ia given in 
Mrs. Hidti*ii book ; ' arkd fnim It wti Inun thiit f^igliidi 
critics acknoirlcd^cd Uie merit of tbe worlu as selc^ 
tionfl fiom the." Offcnng " were jitiUuJ^cd in Landoa 
in 1841>, entiUed " Mind among the Spindles-" >* Tlie 
Lowell OfTfiring" woa first iMUod tn Idll, and in 1$49 
Miaa U&itiiiKT F. CtTBTtja, was associate editor* Both 
were litciuj womcHi of whom America ae well as 
LowqU bad resfion to be ptond ) for they showed the 
power of that g«aius which could not bo repressed by 
the oonditJoQs of a laborious life with the bauds as 
well %tt brnin. 

Eliza Lcs Fou-^n was a mboeUaneons writer, 
wbuw laaiiluii namo was Cnlxit^ and who waa bom &n 
BoalODt uud in XB'2& mnrriied a QDmuui, Profanor of 
Gcnann tu (larTinl College* Her princnpa) works are* 
'^Sketohes of Married Life," ^^ Tbo Skeptic." and a 
*' L^fo of Chailcfl l^o^n," and [wve:al l>ookA Ibr the 
young. *'Sbe ha* abo edited thu vork^ of her 

I Uni. iliUflr« " W«tp^ ■ lk«apd." 




UTBRARY WOMKX. 



207 




in four volumest bceidcs coatritmling to Tft- 
itom literary periodicab, tad \ms nrittQQ a vcJonift ol 
pMBft, vluch Bppeaj«d In 1839.*' ■ 

CiLftOUNH Gu.MA?«, bom in HostoD, on tbo spot 
wbfiTB tbb MjLriuerA Church now utooiU, tnui the 
dtagtiter of Samnel HowAnli who dj«l bororo Bh« was 
time /auH nil], A u lutereHll:]]^ Auti^bio^rftfihlcs] 
of Uu4 lady, vbo sUU Urea ou eoitbt ra&y be 
!a Mm. Halo'a ** R«oonl of DudnguUlied 
oaieii." She nyv. *' * At eisbec& I trroto *' Jephlhah'a 
Vo7,** and wo^ gntifiod by tho rc<iijctft oF ui 
btrodocdoa fx^m Misa Hftntuii AduBS, the erudite, 
the nmple* minded, tod goatle-oivmcrcd onLhor of 
>*Ilio HItftorr of Reli^&a-** Tbe next effusioD of 
■iiM wn« ^* Jninu'8 Dettght«r,*' wbich I insortod bf 
nqutit in ■• The North Amehcaa RoTicw/' then n 
■Molla&y. ... In IS;j£ I ooaun«nc«d editing »• The 
totfi Pnfl," 1 hebdomadal, the flnt JuTenlLe fwijMijftfr, 
tf I mUtake not, in the Union. From thli perlodJcfll 
I hftve rvprintud at viuiouat timoH the following vol* 
■met, ** RecolleoUons of a New BngUnd House- 
keeper/' " Rroo)lecEion0of a Sonlhflm Matroo," '■ Rath 
BejlDond, nr Luvo'n Prcgrfca," •* Poelry of TrivelUi^ 
in the Uuited Sx^Ua," "^'TaJw and Balladfl,'' " Verses 
oC a life T^mo," " Uttcia of Elin Wilkineon during 
InTaaioa of Ohaikston/* Aiao sevoral Yt^umea for 
DOW ooUootcd in ono, aod rooenU}^ published ne 
-Mj>.GitiDan'e Gift-Book/"*' . . . « Tbe charactor of 
Ibt. Giiman'd wrilioge." eap Mie. Hale, ^' both proee 
«d poetry, is that of a healthy Imaf^ination, fuid ciieer- 
H mind, juat what her reminidconoae irould lead us to 



dAEAU JosKPiu HjO-C hu given to the worM oim 



HQS 



WOUEK OV TUB OBBITVBT. 




book whicli maaifc^to great indufttrj on bor fart [ 
vrhxch oalla for gnUtuUe on lUo part of many rcodi 
who find it muitum in p<irv&^ th# hook ** >VoTn4n'< 
lUdord," a loi^ octavo of 9iB paK^a. beuii; ** hUt- 
gni|>hiail Skvtchw of l^xtingiuAlMd Woiotat" in «11 
igea and oadooft: a fine «aej%)opedUi, marred Id Boma 
insUncoa bjr tbo expression of opioioDs narroir aod 
bigoted, but In tbe main accurat^i^ aiid avM* 

Mis. Ilnlo was born in Kew|>ortt NJL Har Li 
baiid, H jroTictg laiv^^erf djmgtt&fl 1ii*r with five 
to HUppovt : and sIjo had reconrw to bor pen, 
provod ber gcnia-« tut a ^tcr, ber abiUtj aa an 
Sht edited for t«& jeara '* Tbo Udios' Magaane." of 
Boston t onii wben it «ai tuut«d to tfae *' Ladica' Book." 
of I'hiladelpbiA, iu 1&8T. fifaaatUl oontinued lis editor. 
Hw finst booki " Nortbwood," waa reprinted ts 
London, utidar tbe titJo of "A Now EaglaDd Tala.** 
Amoi^ bor pubUsbod workx nx^ **Sk«tcb«a of Amati* 
oau Charaoter,** «> TralU of Amenoan Life," >* flora** 
IntOTprour" " Tho Way to Liva Well, and to U Wril 
whila wo r>ivfl/" '* Groavwnor, a Tmgcdy," Alicp _IUjr» 
a Rotimnca Id Riijme," ** Harry Guy, the WUow'a 
Son '^ (tbe lA;jt two tf era vritleu tbt cbarttablo pa> 
poaea, aud tbo ixucovd^ given away aooonlin|;lj). 
"Three Uoura, or the Vtgil of Loto, and otbar 
Poema," puUliahcd io 18-18; ** A Coroplele Uictiotuij 
of Foetkal Qaotatlona. ooataiuiu^ Selc«Uoaa &oid tb« 
IViitai^^ of tho Poots of KoglaDd and AcncricA." Tbia 
volome contaioa nearly 600 dottblt-columa larga 
ocuvo pagea, and U tbo moat oompltte vark of 
kind in the Ec;;UbJi tuif;uAf;e. Manj' vriteiv 
found tbomaolveK greaUy indabted to Mm. Halo 
thiB Tolume ; and by her ^* VVoxnan'a Recc>rd." many 
the pagn of tbift book bave be«n enriched. Amid 



210 



WOURK Of TUB aBXTORT. 



bj **Lutbcr and lu« Time:>/* *' Cinaoicr mac 
Tim«a»" a&d "Tho HaguenoU lu Fmnce utyi America," 
bU of thcw being wriUco for tbc uutntcUou of j^ouUt. 
*' tier first potjlic^tion iras « novel called '' (iraoo S^- 
mour." ">'«>Mi7 th« wliolc of thb vork wu burnt b 
tbo grcAt flro at Ne^ Yorki before maay of ihc toIuibo 
hftd boon bound find iasucd. . . , Another littlo book. 
■Roeeaniu, ot Soviieft in Boctoo/ trat writt«a hj pft^ 
ticular dealTQ, to increase tho ftiuds of « chadtj nbooi. 
Ai twr pnjn« hu not been pPoOxcd to ojxj of hor booki^ 
It la ImpcKiiibU to enunicnite all vrhlcb Iuto proceeded 
from hi.T p«D. . . - Her find ^bmini publication was the 
appemlix to MU« llaniiali A(laniH*a memnlr of hoTMtf, 
edited iijr Dr< Jo&«ph Tuckerman. Heaily all Un. 
Lm'a vorka han> 1m«ii rajniblUliud la England.*" ^ 

Eliza Le^i^ib of PhiUlelphia was of Soottbh and 
Swedish aaoMtrjr, but U of ton mcotioikod ft* aa Eogliab 
AUtbocna, whea alio ta reall/ a wonaaa of our country 
as well 00 centuTj. She wroto tbe odobntod "Sov- 
enCY-}*'iro llcocipla i " bot aftcnvurd alio wrote (or the 
Dur^ry ntlier than fot tho kitchen. Tbe cbiJdhikod 
of the writer of Ihoec pngci rejoiced in *' Tbo Alitrof,'* 
wluoh was one of the l>ooks in the first Ubraiy with 
which Hhe wsc over connected u a joint ptOfHrietoFi uil 
wUieh wiie formed by the contributions of aehoot-gifk 
on Kantuckut Inland ; and Hra. Lealie*a <* Stones for 
Kmina " was oio of t^ aarlteit booka I noeiTed as a 
|irlzo In aohool. ''The American GErV Book" on* 
cltanted those earljr playa»tcs alw, whtlo lator yma 
w«re enlirened b/ hut caniribnUoiu to " Qodcj-." 
Mi«, l^t«Lio did oot forgot the tfufniM^aud pre(Aivd t 
hu^n work on '* Cookurv*** which mrt with )^maL favor; 
mho, '-11^0 llouw liwk'* aad '-The Ladies' " 



211 



W0UC5 or Tiiifi cKimjRr 



AUCE AXD Pt£KBIC CARtT. »tat«r« sod >lAt4*r f> 

^*<^$^J^ rvtno«lMir«Hl. Both vom UAtiriM of 
H«AlUj/t !)««' CiiiniiDttli. Ohio. Alioe wu bora A] 
2^. \S2?X ana PUebe va SapVsiaUt 4, 1834- Tbo^ Qi 
tiU 1871, mml tbuti Atioe d.;partod oa tba 12tU oC F< 
fefj.nnd Plitbc Itngcrvdonlytitl tito mittry dAystUuldt«l 
OB the lihAt day of July of IIm mom yoftr. Tbo Bbun 
could not long be se^panted, ^'Tfaoy wopt lovdy aad 
plfftiftQt til Itu^ir HT«i, Kitd ia du^Lili rlbey wera \>oi dl- 
Tided." Tlirir cjirly i>]fpiJiUi»iliis« fur odtienticm wvn 
Alight* b<it tJicj wfiv nvoly gift«d. Alioo'v ikotch«i m 
tho>' NatiooiU Brm'* fim attm^tod SLtUdlioo, Ib IdM, 
tlic siatiyra pubU«bed it Toluao of pocm«T niul a ■ocoad 
ttud tiurd bOOQ foUovr«d. Sereral bcBltbful DCtelj» redo- 
lent with puru mormlity and »weAt aoea«A of Ikom^tli^ 
fo11ow«d in Ifltitr y*ft» : ** Hugar/' " Hollyvrood," " Mb^ 
riftd, hilt not Mat«d/' "Tha Hwhopn Son," 
of CounUj Lifu," and '* SnowbeniM/* 

Uud^-rvrocid %%\a Alice City ba<l ** Uio clear vt^ooT 
inrtant aemo ol cotnpAriAon. and the porocption of 
c^ioa noi dUcornod by cooLnioii uyos. Hor- tncuory 
tr^ftHiHod all tJte pioturaftqcia anociations of bor ohiM' 
Lood, and nTf* find tlivm lu profuMoii lu liur povmt. . . . 
Uerpupiiu <iui h% raud villi lt^ariyct)j[)ympnl,aad nogb 
to be [^iiieialwitd mid r4'.<fi<:uod om nuioiig Um b^t nttM« 
ai»cc« of Amiiti^ui ^v oaten ." ' Alice Cary died [ii tlkt 
homoi ao wall knona lo tiio [itcrary inoa aiid woiu>^ <tl 
ber Umitt, la TwouU^lb Street, Nuw Y^rk oity, a->i 
ownt^d bv Dr. Eiuily Bliickw^lL Hi.<r fim«raf wa* «£• 
larMlsd, «o Hofaca OmuEny nnid, by laom duiiDguitlud 
taen and iroin«>a. and a larger lUidicaioa bwda, tJiaa 
Iia lud ovar kaovvn* 

i'b^boCary Uu^drad oalytui iBOUtlia longer on 




216 



wovKS' 09 Tire CEjrronT. 



moat benefitdil hj ftmhlmg in Btoried hAciit* 

" FubioQ aod T^fttnine/' b aaid to hAT« b«an UEoe«^ 
iDgljr pr^MilAT, mnd iU uuUior to **posM« powon of 
dMcrfpUon of Uie flr»t order/' 

Ix>uiSA G. TuTiin-L vbs l>om and etliicftU^ in Now 
HuTtTii, Cktuii. *-Iii 18^ Ah» mw It-fL il wtd&w with 
foor chiUlrot). and to solace henelf imder her beaver 
aCflictiDQ flhe had reoourM to her |i«a. At tltia timo vlie 
wniU^ *JttintL-< Sooient, U)« Pil^nrn's Si.iii.* pubUabed 
ix) 1827; aod *MftTr'» Vujt to n.\ in 1329. Sbi 
GODtiiiucd to vnt« aDoa^nnouidy for periodical litermbnft 
for some time, and in ]Si8-49 pablisbed - Tbo Yotci^ 
Lodja Rciidcr/ aod *Yoimg hoAft Ftiend;' the 
flrat works to wlucb her name via attaobod. In ISU 
eho removed to the vsdnky of Boffton, vhcrt tba 
wrote, * I will be a OonUemaa/ and * I will ba a 
Lady;' books Tor th« youog, which h^ve baon vtfj 
moc«MfuL Sbo oonUnued Ibo fories." And dot toag 
after hnviog removed to Philad?Iph)ii publii^bed, " Tba 
Hifttory of Arcbitecture/' folbtfiQgiL with a book fat 
yotiDg motliers, and a acriefl of borsk« entitled "Siirowi 
in Lifp/' "Mrs. Tutlitll j» a plr^Miiit writer,** a^ 
Mt8- Hale: " lier cheerTuI spinl hrJ bojwful philmoph^ 
gira an alt^aclivo objtna even Ut good c^tnog* which, 
like mediciDe, requifca often to bo eugared beforo it ta 
williuglj takeo." 

" H\RRiBT y. Chsxbt ia a oatiTO of Maaaadio- 
aetti. Hciloi^e of literntttro wu dorcloped to ohSd^ 
hood« probably owing much to tho inJlaeiioo of har 
mother's tasto and gcnioa, wbo wa« author of one ^i 
tbe earlicAi American novels, ' Tho Coquetta, or Uk^ 
tory of Eliea Wharton.' Soon after aHo Left aebool, ihi 
wrote, ia ooajunction with ber ais1«r, *Tho Soodif 



ftSO 



WOUEK CW THS OKKTDKT. 




Lost^ " is the title of ono cf bor vnluinoi which 
beeti very (wpuUr ; ** CUntoD Foroi^" Uie tliJe 

nmtht? t<i thts U'.nniry oxfioHimco juid lugli m^rnJ 

at htir production^ nor to the CluUUaii »ubtuiafuoo of 

tb« patient jtoiTcirT, 

Bllbv C Mnjta, bora in R&tidoT|iL, M^^a^^ ia IBS&t 
bu compiled A dMUxXy volumQ caUcd ^ Oar Ilosit 
Bcyood the Hdc* «iul olher PoMas ; *' And baa mittea 
both prortc «£id verso for rorioiu poriodicaU, Sho 
aaaikted in oollMUiif* a Tolumo of poama by Rar. PL«bo 
A. Hanafori, ood wrote tbo biograpbioal akttcb w\ 
aocoiDpaidda Iha Tcdurao. Sha Ia &ov writing, In 
jvuKtion with the aimo lady, a rolumo callod ** 
and Woodland RambloVt" & portion of which 
alrruuljr baen published aa a nagaii&fl article. 

Ca&OLINB a. SotrUL Thist writer will ho vpodallj 
aantioDcd in tbe cJiapior Qn *' Women iournal&ita." 
Sha la one of tbn tiui^ woiotn wbo with to«oo aod poa 
seek to be&eGt humaiutjr. 

EUSABSTB PAr^n^R pKAAOOT u wflU knoim H an 
edac^tor, and pevbaps aliouM be meaUoned mainlr wi\ 
" Women ToachcTa.*' Mra. Hole says of her, 
tor of Dr. X, PealMdy, abo is dcaeonded oti tbo 
or'a sido bom the two Joeeph Pahaer0t one of wl 
waa preeldent and the other eeeretary of Uie 0ni 
Tincial Congreea that aaaembled m Ifavaobiiattta 
cODnider British wronga; and both of whom, the 
as brigadi«r-g«ntra], tbe son as lus tirt, wen e&j 
tlie battle of Lexington. Mtta Poal>ody waa t>onit 
16, ^m*, at Hillerica, and Uved In Iter wljr life 
Sobuii, MawL, but, dnce 182^ hsa rsMMlH pnucij 
in Bostoo, where lihe hm lieen angaged in ^ut 
and Litctar^r pun^uila. She firat pttbUah«d a * Ke/ 



U 




LmftABT woim. 



SSI 



Q«bnnr HUtciy/ ami & ' K©y to Gpwmiii lJiAiory\' 

the ocat wrote the ' Reoonls of a School/ vUch vvic 

iaUk the UMiond cditjoo; aud uIm conuitmted to Uia 

CEuty Qamliera of tlia 'JouniiU c-f Kducatioa;' to tK« 

^ChrUtion Kr&iiiLner * of 18^^ iu whti^li are Home arti* 

daa on Um ^SjmHl at tlie Hubr^w SttnpLan:?;' and to 

tbfi * Dialt* in wtiicU eho witrtv ttie artlc1t» ua Soclid- 

bto. U 1849 MiM Teabody edited 'TKo itUtbetic 

Pap«ff>,' to wbieh sb^ contntiulad an artlde ' Oq llio 

Dtiri*a Culture/ moT« cUborat« Uum any thuif elaa 

ikobw vnuai» and a paper upon *Ttio Signi6oaaoii 

of ibe Alphabet;' bcoHlea aareral ahortcT ariiclea aotl 

poasdi* llor latc^ vork ia a cchoolbook* entitlod tbo 

' PdiAh-AiDencaa System of CluxKioloj^yt* being ft 

gwdifitfri tnuulatu>Q of Crifo, Bom'a metbod of tevching 

bktory OD a chronokgioal ^at«m/* Thus «pealca Sirs. 

Hala cottc^niiixg Mtn P«a1>ody» vho has contlaaad hor 

EUoary bdioiia ainoe that data, and has 1>e«ii eapacLally 

adiva m inaodiiGing booka on th^ ktndiryarten aystav 

af KlncfttJon to tho noliofl of pairiitA aod t^achen. 

She bw abo united m the refi:»TD4 of the i^iy^ and ^vea 

pm U)d rmen Ui tha cnuim uf tho ■uiviuir'un^at of 

mmtetu Mt& Hide sa/H, *' Mi-iA Ptsabody'd wnUoga 

in of ■ clau tmaflual to bci sex. Thoy oriuM great 

Ittmiitg and iwenrch, a nund &«o ^m the ttBmoelii 

judice, and capablo of jodgbg for itself oa what- 

[bject iCe aUeotioii may be turoed i one vboee 

lib b Idfh, — DO lOM tJtto tho progTOBBire imptor^ 

AlBt of her T«oo, aod who preaua foriranl to the eod 

tU haa iA view with an ootiMaUiads and energy pro* 

portiotw^ to itii importAitoo. Her poema are hamo&i- 

iQil ahcw more thought than it uan&IIy aeeo id 

tttch tffnsloiu." 

Tbe two aUtere of MIks Peabody, who are known 



WOUBH Off TEtS (lENTllUT. 



more hf Uioir htiBlioodfl* rm&u^, and boofttiM of thdr 
hueluuKife* EuuBt — tb* viTo of llorsco MiU]D,atiil Um 
vrif^of Natluuiii^l HitvtborTM, — ivtn wocntiti of lit«f^ 
uy t4i«t40« Aiid p^rfomed aoma litvrsry work, n&iiUing 
tliein to be Among the Uteni^r wouicd of the century. 

PuiutK A. Hanai^kd, the wriier of thts vxjIubw, 
huH irie!(lc?il Ute pcu fur tlie prvw erer AinErin the Mge of 
nurl««u ; and in llie tbjrd of thin ct^iiturv duriDg vbkk 
she hw vrriUffii, liA« hjul pii1kllt<tjr<] IIlc folU>wipg vol^ 
ixnii-Mt wbicli have uiei wilJi eticourftgiug aale. *'Mj 
Brother," a minUturo Tolune of proM p^ Tenve. pab* 
luhed iti 1863; '^LuonttA, the Quakereaa," an Anci* 
SJnrcrT' Atory, pubUaali^ firet in "Tho Independeot 
DetDoetut" cf Concord, N.H., aod then In booWotm 
in 1869 ; *^ LcoQfU«," a Sonday-^chool book, pnblijihoJ 
in 18&7 ) " Tho Beee of Booktt and ita History/' pob- 
Uslfced in 1860* haringprvviouBly been dftlivtr^d, ehjipt«c 
by ehBpt«r, ui leoturee in ihe Ettptbt Smday tdiool oT 
Kamtucket; ** The Young Captain," « ni«iiioriiil of 
Ciipt. Richiird C. Drrby. v^Ko fell at Autielam* pulv 
limbed in 18^; " KmnV Nelson, or llio Runavi/ 
Boy '* n juvtfiiUt-^ piibtiftiird in t8GA ; *^ life of A1>niliaa 
Lincoln," publLihed in IH^% by D. B. ItnucU of [k»- 
ton, the »ale of which rniched twenty thouaAnd. fin 
thonsand being aleo pabliafaed in GoimaH! '*Firid. 
Gunboat, lloepitnlt nud rrisofi/' being record* of the 
var, published in l&^ ; and *> lli4^ Soldicr'a Uaogbtcf/ 
a prizc-Atory, also in IWW i *' Tbo I^e of Georf^ Vt^ 
body," in 18Tf> (ivhicli rvacbcd a aalo of eiKteen theo- 
biuhI); " Kn^u ^Lore to Shore, and etbor Poemi,'' 
publi^tfd in IbTl ; and b ibe ume y«ar, " The Lif^ «f 
<^Miflei Dicken»-" Otherr Jtraaller volumoii for eliik 
dreo. many editoHala, sketches, and other artidee in 
pmee and venw for muiy pcnodicnls ai>d Mnrova) j 



LlTKftAa? prOUBK. 



fiS8 



Led vpeechoi iwl wonwnm^ Attest to the Inur^ pen oC 
vho will be mftDtloBed biocraphioalJj ia tbo chap- 

Uabt B. SiUNDLEA, bvUet known im Mxry S, B. 

ptiHi«hed several works ! ■"The Souiheru" and 

NoctJi«rti Hup,*' "Tho Parud Fumtly uid oth«r 

ami &ftenv&rfl several uiles for yonth. But 

ik bj trhicJi xh^ in \tctl koonru u titie publtKhifd 

l&4o, cDtitJed " Lelt«ri lo R*rlaUve« mul Friiinda," 

rliicli justifies her cbajig** from C-JtlviniA-tic ojiiiiioiii tc 

adJ uoiLe"! with hia cljurcli. 
Ax»A E. At-PLBroK, bom m Bo*ion, July 22, 18*25, 
locaurd iu the be^ acliocls of Qi»1oq. and in the StAt« 
kt School andcr Orru« Pierco onvl Bamurl J. Mat, 
{rvful and naoUUut iu thu acliool of ^ixabodi P. Pca- 
hd0 wntlcn bo:h proao nrd TCnc, chivvy for iho 
In 1869 • volume from her pen wae pablUbod 
ijicsioof ft |>nxo««ri«4 by tbo Unitarbti Sob btth School 
AMoototloD, entitled *^Stori«^ for Era." Will bo meo- 
^- tionvd fttnoDg *^ Womm Ta«cherA/* 
^B^ COSKOOA TuTHEtx, b tbe author of ** Wreaths and 
rtlnwcliea ftir tho Churah," "CbritUxii Orn«m<-iiU," 
"Tbo Bojr uf Sprit," and other juveuJI« WOi1&&. Sbft 
li«ti4tiveof Nw Haven, Conn. 

Sakah HArx-bdrn in PlilluAl^fliiUin. Oct. 30, 1761, 

hi^hter of Kcv. John Bmug, publi^ibcd a book 

iiit)cd**CDaTentAtioi»oiD tJio Bible." ''Thiairork, 

WW Tory woU recciTod, both id this country aod 

Englarid, oonliUna a fund of informtttivu, wLiuh 

fmU only havo boon coUootod by diligcot aod pro- 

kood thfinght, Wbilo o»fi;B^fr(] in tbi« mKlurUkiQ^f 

fjkt b^ii Uie Btu^Iy of Hebrew, to enable b«raelf lo 

Mke tiio noQf >iy rcMarebmt, and atuined * euiukl- 



ssi 



WOUKtV OP TBS COTOftT. 



ftblft ftfoHduHyin thia difflc«lt loafiuco, Wbea 
stated Unit JJn, HaU ootomoDced tlos work nfUsr 
liAJil |>ftttwd tho ajfd of fiftjt vlufli sjfeu bod been tbe 
iDotlior of diAToci otuUntD, and tiiat daring fact w\ 
life bh« was diatinf^tuahtd f(>r ber indtuitrj, MOi 
E&d ntUmtioQ to all tb^ dutios of hor statinn, ii moat 
aOowod that ftho waa no ordJnarf wobukl ll«r 
writiDga wera confined to contributiocu lo tb« 1i 
Hteruy periodioalji of 11m> dnjJ" Marit E. Lea 
Cbtrle^toD, S^C^t wrote pttl»^^' and vorM to gn»t 
uiov. Tin: M4vuftdm.net ta Scliuul Libnry 
puldlabed '* Social Evccitigs, or Ilistoricai Xali 
wbicb wu rvry popular. A£uT ber deatli, in lS40tj 
belectii>ii friiru bci r'Oeoia waa publuh«d. 

MAJiOAiii^T JUlt&!Soy Smitii, tbe daughter of 
John Bajftrd* wbo eigced tho tin«t l^ialAtiro act 
paatod iiL a»y of the Uaitod SUtea for ihe 
tioD of idaverji «s Speaker of tfae PvtutfjrlraDia 
laturo, wa« bom Id I'TS. Her fint book waa 
llabed Ln ld27, UUe, " A Winter b WftsLingtoo i 
Tbo Soyiaour Fanulj*" Her noxt* ** WbiiL U 
tllity ? " WHa jiublUbed In 18^0. 

EuzAUKnt SrtTAitT PHEi.n, tbo nii>fiUr, was di 
tar of Prof. Modca SLturt^ and wifo uf Prof. Ai 
Phelpa. Sbo died id 1^2, still young. Her 
boob, " SuDoy Side," " A Peep at Noiabcr 5^to,' 
'^Tba Angel over tbo RigU Sbouldei,** bavo 
muob reAd aod admired. 

Euzanera Btcabt PoELESt ibe daugbur, baa 
lowed worthily in bor fouMopa. Her '^Gntoa 
" Hodf^ lu," " Men, Wocncu, and Gfaocttd^' 
goinod wide aod dworrod cireulatioD. But 
cbaptor ia already Ion); ciioii^b, and tbo wtitor'a 
w<*iy in iU proud mention of Uia IJutrary wont* 



TOHBN OW TUB CKHTtntT. 



LotnsB Chakdlks ?hfoin.Tox, tioni lii Piimrral, 
Conii^ 1885, contributor to "^ llar|»or*«" ^Kvw Voi^ 
TnbuDC," ^. Her jiocm, " Tfi^ IIoqm in dir MtA^Jiiw,'* 
is in tbo ftbovo montioaed " lluidbook/* Lucy Uam- 
OOU*fl ''l]i&im;ili niDt]bgSlioei'*i»alMO tbero. IlAifr- 

BIET KmAUETll raHSCOTT SlDPrOlU) WU iKim lA 

KicJiJiril S, SrM>fTord, Eeq^, ft Jawyor of Noiirbv>-p(iii; 
Ums> Sbo vtts ooriy dtttm^slu)d by bor litonff 
ftUUty. Shft couuibutfld a 6torj eutiUcd ■* In « 
Cellar " to tbo ^* At^Antic Monthly/' id it« fir^ ym ot 
publication, wliioU ivM greatly ftflmlred for iu vivrnflilji 
its inxight into chHinctcrt and its brilUant dialcgnv. b, 
1S59 flb« |tubU«lunl a tilun- tMl]e*\ "Sir Robnci'i ObouL' 
" fn 186d Bhe colhrctod « sories of uIm which tfct 
lud writXKM far Lli« niiigH^mw, luitiUnd *Tli<7 Amimr 
Gods, and OsJier Storiss.' * Atarimn ' £^owed in IBUL 
*A Tliict iu tho Ni^hC J> uliurb but powerful dotdI* 
ette. Witt fublbhed in 187^ Sbe hu &Uo wxittoi 
awny poem»< »kctcbei». aod »loric« thikt rcmun nnw^ 
Icctod.*'' ilKLlUJ (Fuaxi;) iltTNT, d4ughtor of tbi 
lato l^f. N. W. KblcG of Amhcnt College, wa* ban 
in Amhent, Mjktf»., in 18^1- Sho vns HMTtied to MaJLir 
Edwmrd B. Hunt, U.S.A., an ooiinoDt officer of vngy 
DMra, and aiutHtaut profeidor at Wcat roini, who wu 
tilled ua IS^ by ft pr«iaatur« exiilcHion wbUo ttxiifri- 
moating with a iubmariua batiery of hU ovn invc : - 
Mra. Hunt t«4)idc« in N^in-port, KJ. Slii; hoA jmi 
a Tohuno of |Kii^aii callMl *' Vqim^ by H. HJ* 
(1871), ainl a ooltt^'ttuci of fanign skotcbeOf 
" BiU of Travel" (lb-T2y > 



* CntlAnniqJ'« If uidSHk «f 



AiUbiW. 



*os«^' 



or T»* 



cbstOH^- 



Sb* 



,Biw« 7" ,.,0 Club b? «> ,■ crit* *"'^ , c«U*B* ^ 



Mil 



230 



wouc» OP tarn onrrcrmT. 






ftutbor'e fame i^nrards the ftppPAciatloti of a wbola 
plif. Mnf. Hiiwf Hutf wrieiAD mnny exqiiiftiU {loeiai, 
UlottghLrul auil Alroiig h& ETnorson's, airoet as ^Vtiitticr^H, 
And wetcomit an hrtxc!ir tn Uicno who know lirr. 
hw been called the Bi^wumg of Acnenca, hut E 
both and Julia <Io not sttiko <m9 lyre AmcricAOfl m^y 
ha p«rdoadd for prercrrini; the author of ** Paauoii 
KKovct;' 'MVordjtfortbo Iloor," and "bUcr Lyrics"* 
Thor^ U a damn aldO, " The World's Qsnu*' whloh ii 
poetic and aro not b«r proso vorka ftill of poetry T 
'*The Trip to Cuba," 00 redoloDt mth mciDorioft of tlia 
•abolar and prMoher, Thoodoro Tbrker, tlieo an tnnlid 
follon^-voyag«r ; ^< FVom the Oak to th« OUre," to 
rich in fADcic^ and fine descripdons I One b at a Io« 
to know vh«thur Lo call Mr*. Huwe poot or phifoM>- 
phen In Inter y^^n she haa adiJod the title of t» 
fonnoTi nnd Kh'iwn hnr^If Mordiy of lier pUce by the 
aide of Samuel G. lfow«, Uie philantliro^stt wIiom 
" Memoir,*' for the um of tho \A\wl and othirn, tlie 
fkithful v&fe haa ju5i prapaied. TliaL dhe ta the daogh- 
ter of Samnct Wacd, a New York bAnkcr^ that her 
mother, Mm. JnEla Ward, ivaa a poet, and thnt sbe waa 
Hody cdncȣed, vrilh other foot^, may be learned ^oci 
tim volijine called *' Eminc^nC Wouum of the A^ ; " and, 
since it is tbore to bo found, le» nay be eaid hen. 
May ic be vaxay a day before hor bkgraphy In full ahaH 
bo penned ; for the xrorld hath n^d of such as she, and 
our country can ill aJfittd to lo«e a wonan at once m 
MxreeiAnd birong, so loving auid ho wi^e I 

I.VKiA H, SKk^URNifv viis an viirlii^r writj^r in rhymi^ 
ojkd h^r rbyllimic eonlHbutioii^ to the literature of our 
i^t ixulxity arc? mitny. In tW vuhime irtib^tjdiril by 
\ivT djiu^^bbiT, rjdlfid " L^ttirnt of life,'' lltii atory of her 
v^orta and ■acGOcsova ts a miter, and her worth 




tu 



VOUEK O? TAB CKNTUVT. 



ID pMthclic descriptioQ, lei them Ulin to her voli 
and rtNul 'Tho Sp«rmw»t S<a,'iuwl*Urt He 
Ixt tlwm look alao for *' My Aiigct NajD^," the pocmljr 
irluch rho fiM became known to tho auUior of thb 
Toltjiiiu and to tnanf others. 

LrC7 Lahcou id « poet to ivhom appUos tlm pbnM* 
" Ppti4i na$citur it^n jEf/' She tm bora at Bevortjr 
Fanos. Mt^., in 1S26, so UDdenrood teLU us ; and Ibon 
ba quoM* hor " lliiDtiah Binding Shoes," which lus 
boeci surif; by the Kotchinaoos far and vide. Ma, 
Hm1« mjtKi '' While site wi^ «nip)oj«d m ui operatiw u 
Lov«U, eho first hej^fta to nrlte ; ftnd her earliest cA- 
doDii, bofh in prooto and v«:%e~ uppearvd in ''Tho Tinv* 
ell OHeHi^." and vero reoelTed with particular favtv. 
AtprsMOt Miss Itorooro ia «ciployn1 u » t^wJivr i& 
rtiuom.'* Siooe (he puhlioiluiti of Mrx. Ha]o*a boiik» 
MiM Lanxnn baa boon a teacher io the Whoaton Senh 
Qjiry for Young T^adica at Norton, Ma4»-, and aftenrmrd 
.editorially oonnectod with <^ Ooi Young Folfca/* She 
has pubJUbcd at leaust two TOluESce: tme aimplj entitled 
** Fovma hj Lucy Larcom ; " the other. " An IdtJ of 
Work," a poem emlKdjing econos in Dactory lifo. 

MAtET T. WuDDKB, bom in B^rerly, Maoa, (The 
danghtcr of Ii^mcl Tuteik, the sucoossfal iotrodnesrif 
Briuiiuia ware into thb conotry). boa written rv^^'^^N 
with the nom d4 ^uim of '* Mary Webb," SUe ■ 
ml tho cblebrit^ B*^dford Acadvmy, of which i' 
lerof Ann Ha«Mltine Judson mhw principal; u^^i \.-, 
wrU£<!U Wh Umu »Ji«t uiIghL, ihroiiglj a roudei^ly erjul 
to \\et fine tHlent. In 18tn aIlo iinilod irith tho 
of thiN volunin in rompiting a colleoiiofi of fuy&l 
patnoiic poaDa. called '* Chimca cf Prcrdoia 
1 CbAtrtfowt-* Hv^lb^Ot, hu^^^m. 




wojfui roEifi, 



235 



," to wlilch ftbfl eontrilxjUtl. ^vud her oivu |teiu 
**Otiih© DeaUk of EUswonh/Umi ^'OurMn* 
»chii»oU« Dml." Mtia< Mojes's Uttio volume opeaa 
vit^ ft jiot^m lv«riiig the tJUe of tba book. " Our Ilomfl 
iiQil tho I'ido,^ Bnil cl(>v4 irirh qdo of Llie 8»iita 

rlf, Uiua^ tifber b oooLctQpUtioii of the »iii« 



OABOLOfm A. AUsOK wastlie daogliterof Dr. Cal- 

i£:g^ nnil TTU bom at Mjublcbcad, Mo^o.. in 

Shfl wu tt dcJkoolnttto And fntnd vritli Mro, 

cbbcr ftt tbo Bnulford AcckIoibj. The wife of 

MaMD, £^., a lai;rjer of Fitcblur;;, 21ss8., 

Mv rwidod thom on tlio tide of ilio tjucoua RoU- 

Mounuin, which bMm 10 lh« pktiit«»qa«De«ft of 

" ller eftrtier poemt vero pobliflbfd tn thv 

Rcgimcr,' unilerlhe tSgntture of 'Caro/ She 

ooatHbatecl to the ■National En%' und Antj- 

jTm'SUniUnl-' Siw Ilius iilsn writh-ii fur 'Tl»i* Otii- 

lUoaalbb.* *Th« Uberal CbristJan.' ■ The Monthly 

Uagaabe/ -Tbo Iii(lrpc:JtlcuU' ' Tlitf ChriiiUAn 

,' anil ocoaaioikall/ for other papora and ponodi- 

In 18^i iJie published a rolumo of h^r verrsca, 

M *Cttvnu]C«: a C'^^tfcuoa of Home Pocios/ 

were the prodootions of her earlier dap. 'Vhey 

good promiao however, of the »tilt Wtier offcTiDgs 

W i&aburt:r yirats/' ^ Ttie AUse. S, S. Soiio^y pub> 

a imall p?o« velumo trom li<;r pea, eutitled 

'!»« lIumniOD/' Mrs. >[a*on Ka widely tno^Tii aa 

aotbor of '^ l>o ihcy iiit»; mc at lI<imL<? " a s<>ng oJie 

wbm a booie^tatc achoul-gttl» and which n-ns 

by our aoldier^boy^ in camp during all tlio 



A*a B««0 dftb* UUnI PMltb, V A1A«^ P. l^tDttn 



SSti 



WOMEM OF 7HB OIKtUBT. , 



"Lydia L0U14A AxN Vzur.*' Mjv Dr. Pui 
" Kfetcr of Jonat and WoahlAgt'^n Very, boih of 
have a i>1iC9 iu the tdU of our tiing«r>, wiu bona bi 
Salcin, Vav. 2, 1823. For alwui Lbtrty yea» liba Hm 
Iwen wicli her sUter, l-'rimi.^is KWt^ ft Ir^clivr in Un 
KcIiooU itf her nnllTO cilj. Slie tOnn^M liirgdj lite Ant 
poedogifi wIiIcIl (ludit^nabaA tiie hmily, aqjI in '^'~''^- 
pul>li.<]K<d » voUiru>.^ of 1i«r tctwh* n'TUch trut [ 
by W. F. Draper^ Aodovert Mam. 5inc« Ui«u, sbs Iim 
from tioic to dii>o coQCnbubed otbsr offionn^ Ui ruiov 
Soolon and 8alem papfin. wliOe ytt engagtd in li«r 
TocatioD AS a teacher. Aa an arUat, 8bo hoa prodttoed 
pictorial illuAtrationa of * ti«d UiiLng Hood,* and otfcir 
childroD'a atorics, aooompaaiod \>y vxquieita tlMigna aad 
p«^ty juvonili} vtnr«s. Tho«o bftra provod 10 ba 
popular, and have be^n re-pubUsbeJ ia Genannv-" ' 

'-Sarah Wsitb LivesMoaB ttu bora in Will 
K.IL, Jol.r ^, 1789, aud was the duughter of 
Juimthan Livrrmorc. who ivjl« KvtUtfrl lu tho flnt 
Ibt^r of tli^ towiu Dd^. 14, 170r>." So laya Dr. T 
nam, from whoKU IkkiIc w<t Ic4rn thntUio wma 
aud wa^i in!iLniincuU3 ui atUakliiihiii); ouh of the 
Sunday Achoob in tba ocKintiy. Sbo wrolo vonm 
a variety of oocaaiouA, bul tliry vijie never ool 
into a book. Sha died July 8, 1874, ai Willoti, N. 
[iciirly eighty -fiire yean oM. 

CAitaLUVii (jOUAN, ^bo liaa boeti aeutiotKsI ai 
tbo litvnuy woaion* ubouJd bo oluwcd witJi tlie 
alfio. Jod^ Wlxita of Salem noted for aev^nl 
Oifi bytniM tnag in ibu Firet Churth of that d^» 
on exomioaUoa found that Mtm. QUoiatiV byom* *" 
Our Futher," hod Uma most u»ea. Tbo first 
this: — 



ifllii«aAKa4&'DjiP«l iba tiUnU inOlK 



WOME^ PftRTR. 



2$T 



" I* UtiT^ o lone UkJ 4r«u7 boor, 

Uy FrUlutf, let mtf tim lo I^m, 
AadMt «Mfc Itraogtil of dsrktvraa trM." 

I^miiA Ja^te Uall^ iiaii^lkt«r of John P^k, M.D., 

bora io Nowburjport, Ma^n, Feb, 2, lt^££, Sh^ 

to publbli poecoA at Uij ii^e of twenty, ftt fir»t 

taoojwon&l>% *■ Mmu&," & fine dranu i& vetae^ wu 

pibUihed In IbtT. SUe Wtt« mttrrii-J. OcL 1, It^JO, to 

tJtT. Edvftrd B. Hall. A volume of ber Trritings, 

ttUiJod " V*rnKr and Prww," wm pu1>1iHhc<t in 1850. 

SlBJLH E. ^tojts wai bom March 2:$« 1^07, In 
BoiUm, Mnw. H<»r fatber wim Nithjuiifil W. Appleton. 
Sm mArrif^ in 18^^, Solomon P. Milea, wlto was then 
.|mI of tlie BoTilon High School. She resIdoJ in 
Ikwton till rcruenily, wliuit «hc r«ai<»ved to Bnt- 
', VU *' Tbo few of her hymiks or poems which 
\toeti published ircie oent to tl]« printer by her 
.who did not iidl to diacoTor Uicir tare naerit; 
nn moatljr ooinpo«ed whik sbd vfts at a verj 
■(•." Two of her hpnoa are famiUar aod &TOr- 
00* coouneaeiBgt — 

" Tbo« vbo dMat vtosp bobw," 
Ihe Other,— 

» Tb« e^n^ «U light md IofbIjdbm.* 

kuOBX Skyuoub cf liiugham, Uasa^ long uid 

5 known OH ft tvauluir hi Boston, )u4 irHtten 

Kod pocme for VAriooB occa«ionfl wliicth eatitla 

to bo nombrriHl smimg tho wucu?u poelA of ilto 



MiLKMi bom ID Sulom, Ubm^ on tbo woofut 

of FcbTtiar7, 180S, Laa peim^ poema of great 

tf mod fiovor, bjTBUU nibd Aoogft for vonooe occa- 

dtteriptJTc piecM and laommemoracive Tersea tltat 



2sa 



wouKM or Tim niDmT»T, 



liftv« b^en uiicli pnzeH In tlie hour of lli«ir 

AppeAToJ iu piiDL IJ«r tlm« iUughlcn bAv« becooift 
iUcc^AsFul teachers, bub only od« of Uirm, ^ 

Ellen K. MtLGSt haa inhehted her i&otbct'ft pmUa 
taicnb Her ycnoa hsvo mpfMoivd in '^Tba Lihcnl, 
Cbrbtiac," " Tbo Wooui'fl Joonul,*' '> Voico 
I'^tace." A&d 10 tho vorioue nevepapert of tho Coi 
vrbon> tboy havd be«a J^uug or r^cJtMi b^ chotn 
pupiln. 

PUKUE A- llANAPO&[> hu writteU T«r/ laODJ ft 

tiTO ftt^mz:ut for &11 Korbi of occ^ioo*, grarft ftod 
moAt of which found iheir way iato print, tl 
aooonliog to ihit opiniou of ilio writvr of thU 
lh«y wer« not «<]iiaI1y worthj of publicatioii. Sbe 
lwi<HT diflivurcti t'hn piieiD nt Uui Nnniiji] ooiainooi 
at W«iUmuo1; S^miiur)'. Miuue, ftud ouoo at the 
iii«DcemeDt of I^^hu-1 Collvge, Ohio. In 18d5 lb* pu^ 
Utthcr of Ihla ToJiUM iuiied ft amaH ToIutDd, eotiU^d 
■* The Mirtyrcd Preadcot, nod olhex Poems,** irom bff 
pen ; and in l&TO, & mudi liu^r ono, entitled " 
SboTo to Shore, uid other Pocma.'* 

Maby W. Hal£ of BoAtou, bom J&a> £18, 
BAp4i£od by Dr. Kirkiond, whom ahe mitcnrotd 
meraoratad l& vomc^ A teacher for many yean 
Boftton, Ke^ne (N,IIO» Wellfleet (Cape Cod). N< 
andTaunlou (MiuitOt^d UnNtot (R.L). SUodiod 
17, 18i62, and her remains lie la Mount AnlwriL 
iino Hkpicfi of her is to be fouod in Dr- PqUmzbI 
ifxoetleiit book ou '■SiogeiB and Songs/ lo IM 
volume of her ** Poems " wm |Hib1ubed bjr Tioknor 
Bo^iou. 

TiiAXOEs M. CiiEsnno, bom iu Warwick. Blas^ Ji 
lA. 18S4 (the ^iaUst of Bev, A. D. Majo)i bu writt 




VOUSK POKta, 



S39 



ftoalyran* aekI poftnoa, pQbliititd mAlnly fa U&i- 
lariaD p«Hodlc«ls. Sh» pobltabad a siory-Sot^k for rlill- 
Ana in 1&5S, «iititl«l ** SmilcA and Tnrft," 

MjLvniA Phsky 1j3Wb wfttt bum at Knne, N.tt^ 
Hov- 2tf td^. Shfl marnad tho 8ainUd Uer. CkirleH 
l^TWv tn 1851, ukI not liiii^ af^ '* publisb«il a toIvubo 
of poeuui, tfuUUuil ^Th© Otivtj and Iho Pine/ the 
wordd being tT|Hcal of »ceDca in S|>ikin aud Nuw Ertg- 
laod, vUiJi vhe cuntr^ted in her verscft. Sovcrol 
jmn aftcnraitl «be published n accotid volume, ' Love 

H diplonutjo and social lib in that coimtry fwhiob 
^Pbvttitod Ware her mamaf:e], aad a!£0 some pieces 
PVvt Ml ^ifpc^nd from time Co time during the hite 
win oar own land. In 1^71 the aeooaapunied her 
and two children lo E'lrtipe, where abo uorre* 
r^pilarlj- with 'Tlje Liberal Chmtian,' on 
that were connected with the wlvuncemviab of 
kroailer mligiouK f^ih in ihn OKI WnrlU. She re- 
to America with her fumil/ in 187^, aiid Dnw 
ki Somenollo, Maiff-*"' 
BLOjiBJtra Lu>n> IIoitkll wrote a poocn entitled 
'IQtan'a Pfajer of Poticnoe," »o excellent and apt 
ij have boliered it composed br Milton hiinfclf. 
litlbfmed as to itA oulhoomhip- it oommenoe^ — 

of aaddudbtljid; 

Blva pobt ftt mo aa aaikteo b; Ood^ ftowD \ 

Tei MB I not catt down." 

Tblad^ id aaki to be a PLiIa£l«1pLU Quaker It U 
uaihe ia a CkrUtiayi poet. Ik-r [>ocni ** Watch" 
10 iqnal in iia line, where tthe teaohet ihat.^ 



fti j^ it i mhI faaju 



VOHEW OF THK aCWTtJRr, 

Tba voAdicT vlMp btttnth fait p!itmM CTtitf^ 
A«d P«fio» B»7 foM bcv n^tif^ o*er LUl ftO'l r«U^, 
but them, O CbrUUu f miut not Uka tbj 



CcEJA ToAXTca tA ft poet for wlkom tbo writer ol 
this Tolume onoe hc&Tyl CliATlott« Cu^hm&n, in £i^vftt« 
oonvcraatioci, expreaa a prefo/oncc Uiat wu high pruM 
from BQcb ft ioarc«. Cndcnrood «>-4, " Mn Cclk 
Thaxtor waa bom id PortsmouUi, N.tU Jan« 29, tB8& 
Sho pci!«od tha grcator port of her early br« ii|koo Uw 
Iflka of Shoatet a rock^- Kroop aboat ten nOae disbort 
from tbo cuuD laDcL Slit pabU»h*d in tho 'AlUntie 
Hoathly/ in IS«37-S, a series of papo» tipott Uui> 
Ulandji whicb wero of exoeptiooal interest and vmlat. 
. . . An ezanrfimUoa of berpo«ma, rvcvtiUy paUBahed 
(197S)i BWwed that the deoiente of streagUi aad 
bcKuly ill Iht pmMi wvn} reLuntti), uul cTcn bet^tfloed, 
iu ber verw. The range of tbe pocma ia ooofin«d to 
tbo aca and itct aliorea. . . . On tbo aolilAij coast, h 
Tiew of t!ie sea, with ita chftD^ol aldea. iU dialaiit 
ahi^ and ita wbiU^-wmgod Bca-bird«, nhe u rmpluli- 
cally Iho mo«t pictoreaqoo of poeta and aubtUo^t of 
ideal colomU. Her tc»os hora iho tct^ awiisg of Ue 
sea. Aa wo read we feel ita cool brcatlii we pendia 
Its delicate flceot« and we boar the ripple of the ^vai 
aod Uie aoft note on the pebbly baaeh.*' ^ 

BofiB Tbmbt waa bom in HarUoM, Conn-* Feb. IT, 
1S2T. She ta now the wife of RoUiti Cocko. "Sba 
pabliabed a volume of poemt in 1S61, which eriscB t 
ddtcate aenae of Die beatilirtil irj nature, a tender ud 
rather melaoiCTboljr fcelU^, and a aweet and molodion 
style of vcntification/'* 

< I1u«lli*«li of AmojVaD AvtlMn, p ML 




WOJIBX POETS, 



241 



"Zmik H- SooTT was Wnin 18OT, lu the uurtlnMn 

ptrt o( PctukaylTania. Ifer nuudtn came iru ICiu&aj. 

SLo begin to yrvii^ verscfl ^kca afav ivu verj /otmg, 

bad bet fitst |deoc9 irere ptil>ti-<hed when tbo vru UUlft 

wm Uiau eUUeu- ... In 1935 iJia was m&rrii-cL to 

Dr. DavUl L. Scott of ToirtoiU, wfactrg kIm iWcd in 

IftlS. II«r poein^ loget}ier iritli a blo^phy of th« 

vnt<*f bj MiM S. C- Efigurlon, were pub1ttha<l in IM^, 

H«r ftingft ftro thoM of tbo bousehold, fiill of ^eutle 

fenuniae /Mting and toiler pitbo*-" ' 

Axu Mahia AVklls xtm l>oni fu Glouov«ttr, M^twi., 

1T!*7, Hw nuiie wm originally Foster. Sba wrora 

TA jroting, but jiublUhnl liLtlo till ufter iir.t mutiia^. 

ISSO «!ia jiublialittJ II 0Ljuall volume of *' PoeiDa ftDii 

MjhftT Mabia CHA.S8, 1x>in in Cbatli&m, N.V,» An^. 
l^^. Sbo scudicd at tbo Albinjr Seminnry, 

LW tbcre -*Tb«) MoiiUily R£Mc,'*acd In lSi5 won 

(old tnedftb for a poom uid A looral tale, in 

l&U the iQcctTcd a ^!(l mcdoU fn^m tbo uid? Alunmic 

.Anodatioa forftprizQ eaeayon fioffers. In 1^6 she 

jMt^td tbo «l>atgD of U&o cocnpONtion drpirimtnt in 

tBMoUyu Femtlu A^hdi-mj^ but on recount of illneu 

In & obajming ToLumo edited by llonry 

FMrlcr, ealkd » M&ry M. Ch^M) and h^ WritiDgt." 

VI U9 Cold that " M&ry'9 poetical geniu« was etrljr 

luoLTcited- Wbcn *lie wttj eight yeut old, ber 

iteW, nsiding in tlii? faniily, d^oovered odq of ber 

>Mnft on *T1w Thrvr Dii>V Ri.-vnliiliun in Prancv/ 

firtkli litfdFftoed ej^tnLurdiau}. liiid uUb s iiardoiuibla 

TimI MQt il tn a city nowepftpcr. Wbon a copy CAme 

hrk, ^bo defected bet produolion In iho ' poet's com vi,' 

inbcd de«]ily, and bora^ into tcars> For yum nft«r, 

1 Uhl QjtV* Wasn't &««r>l 



StfUl 



£43 



ITOICHH or TUB CfiyTUHT. 



it was impowible to f;et a ali^fat &t ber ooioi 
tlUiou^h tHo ^vrot4) much i and thu eurl^ picoo aukaot 
be lotind/' She was olmoet an ImprovltfUrloe, tad 
tli« tvcorr) of b«r life^ lu w«U mm tbo poeiM kwI lfltt«n 
tbe Toluine oontaiss, sbo\itd be widely rod. HjLKSiAe 
P. OoiM.ri ^rK9 horn in TjuiOMtor, Vt. ; but «be 0p«Al 
niuKt <d bcr life iu Kewlmrjrport, MiukH., whera hIm died 
in 186£. Her Jktber wu ft Tlevolationiiiy soldittr; nod 
in ber |>oems. "■ Tbe Sear of L4!xiiigtcD," ^ Tbo RoToln- 
tiobuy Soldier's BequceU'^ and *• Tbe Veteran aod U>i 
Cliild,*' abo probabljr icferred to him- Her pocma aft 
mofltly brief: tboy wot« i^ttcn for ptiiodicaEa fint* 
and werfi put^Jish«d in »uooc4»iro TOlumca io 1SS3^ 
1835, 1S4L, and i^a Herpoema "Jack Frost,'^ ''A 
Niuna ID ttift Sand, " and **Tb« Poor) Diror," aro w«0 
kELOWn, and will alw&Ts be EaToriUfl. 

Akxa Gardner of Nantack«L, MasA^ hu wri 
mAQj ex<^iusit€ poems for " Th« Conunon wealth/' ** Ha 

iU-SlaT9iy Siandtfd," and otber papoTB. 

lBT Staebocs Coffin of tbe tame bland, the 
duigbtet- of Dnrid aiul Pbtfb« Starbuck, wrote minj 
excsellwit |N>«nWL Both tlMwe Iidirs lutt rlcHCdndcd 
from I'eter Folger. tbe f^nuidfaiber of Dr. Frankliiu 
irbo wM poMcaM^d of mucb poetio abiUtj. which bii 
cropped out m erety fOQ«ration which has Aucoeoded 
him, and almost io erorj bmnoh of bu largo family vt 
deaoendanta, Mabu. MrtOEBLL and b«r autor Asxa 
H. MAOVt who aro also of tbia descent, poosoea tbt 
tliymii^ ability, aa the book ■■Seawooda trom tba 
SboTM of NjuituckcC" ehovra. Sortfial oCherv wbo 
CODiribiitfid to that roltimu hare tlio wune Folger blood 
in their Tem«. Euzaubxu Stakbuck, n^4 Swain, faaa 
mitten many acceptable poem for ranotu oceaaoBi 
and tbe local presa; the same may bo Bald of Euaa 



s 



i 




WOUEM POKTS. 



S4a 



Vaul anil i^Uicnt to vtinm Uih gift of ]H><uy }juji Iwen 
lijrij for thflnis<?1vefl ant] their re&den. 

rfrnAftiXR A. Wakr vns9 Wni in Qutncy, Mom., 
, .iJu Her muidtu tumd wad Rliodes. Amocg^ her 
|Dna wu ODO ftddrcs»e<I to LdfAvetM). sod pr<^»caUsd 
tintt Lia reception in Boatou by !icr eldest child* 
fire yetn old; and uiothcr, in honor of Got. 
ClmtCTi, tru rcoiUrd Ml tfae (jFcal Canal ooleliratioa m 
York. She ptibUahdd " The Bower of Twto " 
fffttsi yuLT», In 1839 vreut to Ettrope, aad died in 
[n 1843. Shortly before her deatb she publhhtd 
booJc, ^Tbtt Power of tho Pa^ioiis, ai>d other 



LmiA M. Chiles though mora widely known by 
pnwe wntiuga« b alao a poet. Had she written 
bat ** MaHus'* we wDold oill htimtirtb. Muaii 
kar poeaN are in a Hoiall book cotlkd " Tlie Coruno)/' 
Fi^HciiA H. GhEB^, bom in Southficld, RJ., has 
'wii'Jeu pocQLS Mid to be " original diid idganiouA,'* 
LSnt U. CuAKDLBS wo^ bom 24th of December, 
DeJaw&rei Uor father wfts a Quaker, and the 
of ]m piinciplcs moy be eoe& in her worke. 
Itfcnvcd, when only ci^hlc^n yoam old, a prize from 
of "The Casket,"* for a poea oalled "The 
ip.' Hot poeniA, tof^ether witii a Memoir, ami 
d£ her e»ays, were published in Phibul^lphia in 



Ujcbetea Makia ai>d Mjjcoakc? Millkk Davits 
were fti^tei^ and poct^ Tlu^r mother. Maiiuakkt 
Oatidsox, wa» al^ poswsaed of poeUoal ability. 
nateiB, when very yoiuig, wrote ciar¥elkHisly 
lent poetry. Tlw ebLvt diud when in ber nvtn* 
year, the youi^est la ber sixteenth ; each bariug 



344 



WCm£S OF THE CXSTCUr. 



written pocmfl ecjnAlBnig thomt of ouiit/ other poaU writ- 
ten (!nring » long Ufi^tlme, Tbe Momoln of itete «l» 
tfrtiPt and n toIuiiiq of their inothcr'e poerun, hare bna 
putilUfirO and vriilrtl/ rrjul. Fhvm tlivm U^e rokJi 
«drU«tl U» find further mformatifln coi>cermJ>i; 
pr<xli-pcs. 

KuscADSTH Uajus SjiiTa WM l>orti in 1306. in 
lAtid, Mc^ ;ind 1VU married when bat HXtccn bo 
Smitli, ft poet and political vril«r uid editor. SIm hai 
writUrn many songs and akctchci ad well a« 
lint licr book "Tlw SinloM ChiM, and cthtfr P< 
baa provecl her ge&iua. She etill lives and writhe 
rifTOr nnj La^te* 

EuzAnnu F. Eu-ET, bo well known (or her 
wriiing*. U aUo a poot^ Qritwold giTW B«n]T«] 
of her original^ iind tramlatlom In hb " Femala 
vi Anwrica." 

ASTKA Pbtkis DtKXTEa of SimtU CaroUoa puhlb 
In lB4f}, a mhly iUufitmiod voluEOr, entitled 
Floml Ymt/* Orijfwold nj«t *' Her pieces cde) 
the dojueatio affections are marked bj UDueual 
and tendonieee: ami ioma of them are worthjrof 
iao»t elei^tit poet*.'* 

SAJiAti Lours P, Sun-IT, »/« tUckmnn. horn 
Drtroit, /line SO, 1811. Marriwl, in her 
3rear, Samuol icfikfl Sinith, editor in Prox'idvj 
he puMtahed » coUecUoD of her pocina in a toll 
two hundxod aiid fifty pngen. naoy of wtiich 
verc trritleu nhile it waA paad^fE tluongh the 
She diod in Kci>ruarr, 1832. 

SoPUiA Helen Ouviui, bora in I^xinj^ion, K5- 
18LL Sho inarr.ed l>r. J. II. Olivor in 1^7. In tl 
went to reitido ponnurtentl; lu ClAcInoAtJ. Het 
are fpirlted end bnoif^. 






Caw^link M, Saw^-er, n/d FuJkt, was bom in 181S, 

Nowtun, Mass. A Sn« sketch of ber b puMbl^tid in 

li« UiiivcT-iultal "' Ladii^s' Pi^jWHiboiy," Gmwold swys, 

'She CQinnumocil Uic coropceiUoD of ro»a at ui eailj 

i(t<r< but puliluAifid UlU« t^l oTUir her niiimagc. Since 

tli«D tfaa btt written much fr^r virions reviews and 

•t^tr mive^Utiioft, 1>«sid«» «0V4*r4 volucnos of t 

ikebehvs, um] eicay^, . , . She liu abo mftdc nume 

tnaiUtioafl (ram Qvo best GerniAO Iit?mture> in pro^ 

■nd Y«n«, In whJcb ftlie 1ia« evIiK^iaJ a delicate ftp|ir»- 

Ofttioik of ibe ori^ibil, and a fUio commantl of her 

aaiive langtiago. Tlir pt>i*ihK nf Mn^ fviu'yiT an 

vinD^Tuuft, MiiQeiAut for bKv«i m1 voUmeo, UiCQgli tben 

kaa t«iin pnblislicd no colluction of thorn. Thcjr uo 

mtotia, and »f n fre:»b a&d TjgorouH cajt of thouf>:bU 

Ooafiomlty embodied iu foniu of tlio tmagiantion* or 

(Duttatod hy » chaste und ctegnni fancr." AIab- 

UXXr L. BaILBT, daughter of Hev. Thotuoa ShandB, 

UntD SoflMi Cowily* V;k.. Dec. 1& 1812, married at 

ibeWttt^in ld£t8^G,Bai]ey«jiuk., »ubdp<)ue»tly editor of 

Cadaaatt paponh and ihtu of " The National Kru," in 

aikh popen b^r poDcu oppeait.-d» *'Tb^y bavo loot 

Wriduality tban b>tTr proo^, but they aro i^i forma l 

9^ fucy and a juiL undantandtng.'* ^ ^H 

1 TTuA M, HAWUtv, afterurard Mra. Tliursto^^ 

1 S12, dkrd 1M2) waa u nativfi of NorftjJk, Conn. 

die algiiaUiifi of *' Viola," 5Ir«, TboreUin bad 

K-TDulf kiiovm by ntanj productions niAtkcft by 

- .: lad a raelocliijua renllficatio]^ which crere for 

imost part piiblifbcd in ^* Tho Louisville Journal/* 
died in Ilaitfoid, Comn., irber« flbe taught many 



LiniA CaAntOTTB Botta, a iitUve of Uenningtoiu 




»6 



WOMEK OP THB CKNTDftT, 



fuftllBC 



Vt, wu A Student at & populai yooAg Udi«' »cboc1 in 
Alln&7i where her vritin^ fint Rttnwt«d attcation. 
SEo 4ft«rwarda vrrote touch La proM and vnrso* ** Tb# 
ptXLMft of Mrs. Bottft firo icftrked by dtptb of fuftliafi,, 
tad gno6 of oxprMsioo." 

E3lii*7 C. Jjjvwv W96 ft poot, la ftLr«ftdj m«otii 
Her vi>lumft ii entided, ** Au Olio ot Domotde Vi 

"EuzAJiKTu J. Eaaiks, vhofid maJden oama 
Jomop, is a oativt of ibo SUlo of K«w Tcn-k, and her 
Aarlf yoiTS wera paaaed ori tho lianIcA of the Hiidaon, 
In 18^7 vhB wiw nmrried to Mr \V. S- Euii«, and w 
iBOTud to New Hnnfonl. iii^r Ulkft, when abe hn 
linoo r«ftided.'' So aava Qnitwolcl, and tella na ate 
that Iwr jioemit liare ajipeJinrd iu '^ Tlic Tribune," " Gja- 
bank's Magazinei" and '* The Soucbom Literaij M< 

Maroabst FcTLLSBt M&Tcbioneas D'UwolJt knoi 
bettcf OS a proso vmicr, alKi vrroto in rbfraa- 

Etelekb Shkbmaw Smxth, bom 1623, in Nov Yi 
SUtOt published in ]$17 a volume entitled, * 
Fairy'fi Searob, and other Poeou." 

L.TDL1 JAifB PiBRaoN, a native of Mii 
Conn,, has publiihed ivro volunutf of poenii. 
Leaves" in 1845. and "The Forest Minstrd 
1847. 

Jaitk Tl WoaTnuioroir, n^t Lewaax, died 11 
wroio |>oems mAinly for " The Southfim IaUftioj 111 
sn^4?r," (laid to be " tlmjile, graceful, aixl eaniR>L.*' 

Sarau A»?fA fiEvris (born 1^24) waa educated 
Mn, WQlard'A ncliool in Tioj:. Slie waa a natiTa 
Baltimore but removed to Brooklyn upon htt 
riaffo* IfcrToluroe, ■^RoooidAof the JJcart,"mi 
lifibcd in New Vcik, in 1844, The principal poems 
long i and one of tho nbor poems, '* Tbo K< 




woustf ro£tft. 



^7 



A* P<f9 to bo "inoxpre^Bibly boau* 
tifoL" Her Mcond volume vrma calle-i •' The CJuld of 
th* Sea, aiKl olhor Poentt." 

Xsr^A Cora. Mo^jltt lUtclus, IwUar knotm oit kei 

adrift »ad rculer, wicU poonui nnd drsmna, moetly 

brief and fngidTe. 

^ IkfABT KoKi. Mkioa, in 1f<45 publuhivl nil rCtAVO 

^poltuiitf, fntUled '* Ptvnua hy M. N. M,*' Aiid limi iLiimii 

written muijr |to«Ba nnd proM cssftys for iiisgffziaeti« 

ftad Tolumi^ of »t»ned £or cHldrtn. She was a 

BlMckieN bdonf^iiig lo tbt) di^tiriguielicd New Vork 

fiunil J of tbat anine, 

PuAzroBs SABas^nr Osoood. t native of BoBtoo, tho 

igbtcr of Jo«c[>b Jx»cki>. bom ''1813. paasod her 

ovVcrlifa En Hin^bam, a villanio of jwouHar beauty, 

mtH caloQiat«d to oionao Uio dononnt poatij of tbo 

»ii\ and btrtf even in cbitdbood, abo bccama noted 

[itf ber po«iical powers/*^ Her poems vai9 puUiflbed 

hl8S9, under tbo Utie of " A Wrmtb of Wild Fowen 

has Now EnglaDd." Mrs. Lydia Maria Cbild was 

mt of tbo fint to perocivo Lbo nn'rit of b^r poetrr, and 

brvtted ti>e joung poet to vrite for a MtecellaDy sho 

ra tben otiting. In 1849 sho paiiml on tn a liiglur 

Bb» laaring aaxty fn^id?! and a boly memory. Her 

^anoi me«t rvepon^ivc ocbooft in many bcnita, esp6- 

aaGj tba im*- tn " Labor*" 



Wert. Iboo f.:"mn m!-' 'Jt »r tiir-* eiiaii-jfj l'jUj't, 

Lie aa\ Jwn (T'^LiLLii 'ue^aUi vuc'a vMpLaf wiUow : 
Wort. «ith & ■Eo'it h«aft mhI rMoInte will." 



LrcT lloOFKB wof bont in Nawbaryport, Moia^ 
Frb.4, ISlC, and died in Br«oklrn. N.V., Mig. 1, 1^1. 



■us 



WOlhlK!4 OW THB mCNTURV. 



Sbe wioto ht jrcan ovtr hc/r initub onljr. la 1840 
puMi^hi'd ui eway ou " I>ozaeado IlapptOiOU," and a 
rolamo eniitJc^l '^Scogm from lU^ol Lire." ■nd alxitit 
th« Bamo time ^fTOt« "Tlic Lout Iluura of • Gftj 
I'octoaa.*' m |iocib irhicb lioa fiomctinictf b€«n rrieiTtd 
^ a« «n ill1L'itr^U^a of hot own history, tier 
from cbildliooi wu precarious uid she 8uil«r«(t 
iDiLoy ycont but UDlluEig hindfirod ber Atudloi 
ihe compofiitionB which were a Ulior of tore. ^Miiti 
irrolQ X boutiful ]ioi'ni lu her tMaanT^. la 12^2 
John Koese collocted and nrrranged **TbQ Mi 
Itemiuu:^ of TklLvt TTiii>|wr/' with ii tiirtnfiir ; ttnJ in 1643 
ftn enlarged edhioo of her iweiical vorka ftppemd- 

Sahab Edgaktox Mayo, a)n»d^ at«Dtioncd 
titcnu-y wora^Di yna a poeUo m well u prcM 
*' Dcsidcs her »umcrou» contrihutiotu^ to * The Kf*i 
Yorker,' 'ITie 5cvr WorU; ^ The Tiil.unc," ■ Tl« 
Kaickcrbocker,' ftod other periodicob, sbo pnhlisbttd. 
ia the ten ycaT9 from lftS8 Co 1848, ' Th« i'olfnr 

* Ellen Clifford, or the GetuMA of Kcform/ • 
Poetry of Womau/ * Spring Flowent' 'Memoir 
Poems of ilr* Julia IL SooU/ 'The Hower VMij*! 

* Fablfl« of KU>rtt/ and • Tl>c FIcwtJ Fottun* Td]( 
Thesd aro amaU volumos, and two or thre« of 
QOBfiist in put of extracti ; but they are all illtiAtni 
of a delicate apprehewloD of beiuiy and Inilh. 
djedonitilyd, 184d."^ 

Sarah 8, Jacoba, dat^htisr of R^^v. Bda Jj 
waa boru iu Kliode kland. " Her pocma arv »erioi 
and fii&cLful, and cvinco cultivation oiid U.sto." 

A^»A E. ArrLCTON b^ia writtca j>oeii»a for joi 
M>d oil]- llcr cnuuilftUoiu of French and Ocroiaii 
ahow ran poetic taule, and power of Tenificaikn, 

> Qriitr«U'« I^'bu.aU PkF«4a of AiarriM. 



^'■■* "■'' 



WOUBN POKr». 



^9 



buKAX AafiBKH Tallkv, of Virgimn, IcvL li<-r lu*ju^ 
at the aige of uhi^^ but conluiueJ ber jUuilleA; imd 
jrr fifWvpntli year Jicr £il>ier tlutcovtirwl a mEinnNcnpi 
Ltune vrliich sliowcil Lot po^lic a1>iUty. From thAt 
bLo wu encotuagod to write for tho prc»> When 
■be wna ftlM>ut sercat^a. AOine of Ii«r poemti app«ared 
is •■ The Soulhcni LilerBiy McaacDgcr" 

RsDBocA S. Nichols, t^(o Rcsd, pu1>li*ibcd a rolumo 

Igl-I. entiUcd ** BcrmcG« or tbo Curte of Mmoa, 

otfaer Po«Dv." Shd wftA a luitiro of GnenTrloh, 

AJCCUA B, Wkliit, lM>m in 1821 !ii MftrjUad, died 
ia 18^2. S\\e vrote early po«nifl utukr signature of 
Ataelia/* fa 1844 » coUecrUon of h»r pi>iTau iip- 
in B komII ootAVO relume ai BoatoD, vlUeh 
leTeral edttioiMn 
Rot the c!^a{>trr idu:^! dixte withotiL Ute name?! uf 
or imy iaeU iu referunce to llAB&im McB^KK 
lAi-u Katb Pptsam OeoooD. Emma Lazarus, 
lesis &TODDABD. ai^d otbeta irho may be mcn- 
led in othtr pATt« of ttiu Toliime. Miinj who ar« 
ftA pr<Ktti nriter^, or lit Ibo proft^iona, liave 
Bko Hakilust UuBCQsn Srows, ivritl«i3 ozc«Uciit 
ifittrx> Il^luoUuttly the liAt la here olosddi with tlie 
■ WBlirt«g tboQgUt, ozpTdssed by I^m^eUow, UuU, 
vkH^ triddj known or Dot, ftll were ordflicod to 
tiUs ID the mosical flow of ib}ine &nd riiycbia. 



* God »nt hb ^a^m ti^ oartt 
WUL MOLj^ ot avli«m wid of alrlli. 
T^t ibcy ct^jThi toD^ lli« bcafU of bmb. 
Anil bda^ iLca bici to twttiTTti «^1a.** 




CHAPTER 1^- 



wo 



1 



WOllKA^KrlKMlaiK 



^I 



to undcnrtaiul BAy«. ** ! hxve rcaliEod in ray ii>- 
MvJ that inotit tfiibile ouUct^r^ of the foiaiiUDO 
wbi«b waiTif it off from the lujclicst Iklda of 
retteftreb," ^ But ahm Iiaa done much already to 
tba visAom &nd ri^hteousneos of duch o«ti»- 
And otljor wnmen tJicro Bf« vlio ti^ve wooed 
SovTKw, anil troTt her Eavor. Sclenco promoc«ii Iod* 
ilj; L-crLaintr tlia |mR(uil nf wciniico tlo«e ttot ahort- 
buBiD liTe. — ihe Ufo of n'omia or of man. •' Tbo 
t ]Uij^cftl tftiTDgch of <nch vomen as Mrn. S«n- 
saja Rev. JUm. Blai-k»«^!1, wriUti^ lu ISTo, 
d to wnie scieDce uid pbilo&opby at uioety 
b at least Anoourii^ng. Among hriag womoQ 
B» Miaa Martifican* FraDces Power Cobbe. 
y olh<;r robudt v^omen of emiceab mcatftl 
t8» ID Cafr^aad. Id Amcrioa, Mn. Cblldt 
no Bee'^her, Mm Cosbnuin* Prof. Mariit MiUrb^ 
£Utab^ and Emily Blaok^eU. ^^lary L. Booths 
ea wood, and tbe boftt of.vomco who bATe 
e laTgwt ihara of braiD-work in ewiy dueotiOD 
r of a c«atwrr past, llie mttjOTitj of ihem, 
\h much above tbe smndaTd rat«i. Tbej lead 
hope Uw( if ibi-jr would c^tiil«acpiid to give in 
wiocDan'ft tf^tunooy,' a<;cof<hrj^ Ui f;i>t«l »M-fi4hh- 
1 Qoalcar jireeedoDi* ttoy wiMihl generutly agree 
Untially io iiio opmion that rcnoonaUe biaiu-work 
IxuJlf [lerfonn^il can luTO no inheront teodcncj to 
inaibe Lhc fcminino coastitutioa." The time u 
jfiprnochm^, when Uie qutfiUoti of box will iM>t be 
tiooed in rclatiE>n to biain-work- Already IlEkrnot 
ibdatt'a ivork?i uo i^HjJitioal economy havd bcoo 
ocity with to^e studentd; and the wife of Prof. 
^tH of E>if:}aiiit lA to-day funiiflhinj; Harvard Col- 



.t the t.«d "« ^^^, yx^. »>^^^ a-^^A-^^a 



woMS>AcrE:n-i!rnt. 



255 



kt^pMSlS. . • . Vmm bcr motlier and an ex^oili-Tit 

rptncs «bo cec«iT«d the first rudiments of hrr c^lu- 

int, «{id at tbo ngo of cl«ron eatc^ bet f<ithi.-;'A 

4lt«rnately Ba stodont ftiul OMi^Upt («(i<chcr. 

Ibttfodj ftod pnotioo of astronomy bci fiubor i^^na 

denvue* • . . iMot in tifo, he became ponACtssod of 

(puts, mod engaged in practical operations; snd 

Uaiin, wlio Lad already distingoiiiLud hiinwir in 

ideal learning, wu employed ns menstant in the 

iry. 

»Tht oaerous dutted of a mere aflsUtant In an estab- 

oT iJiU Iritfd arn «caroRly cdcuLiti!!] to aLUoh 

t» liie en>iiIo/n>eiil: jet Mba Mitdiell wad en- 

iKnd of the jirovpCQt of oWrving by tii^rKlf, and 

her career by obtaining altiUidea of the 

bodi«a for the determinataoa of the local time. 

tJumimeDt tUuB tUBfid waa the sextant, one of iho 

di£icu]t of thii obeervatory. Uadtering thta, ehe 

in tk« atudy of the eoieooe : aad, ramiliariEiu^ 

wibb all the in^tntments, eibo beoaaoie etilful in 

me. Froa LhU period ahe purauod vdlh leal the 

1; of the firmament, devoting tniKh time to the 

of QCbaln, and ■weeping for uorm^tj?, oftvn 

ii^ hereelf 10 the demeDts Izv the moat iaclenient 

Nothing oMi exceed her ililigotKe and in- 

. * On the Isl of Oetoben 1847* tihe dinrov- 

t IfltfficnpiG coni«t, for winch tlie obt^im^d tlm guld 

of Uh: Kiii^ uf Dtfiiiii;u-k; Hix laUin^'ili^ iicuJUuL 

vUch has been vrritt^n by JIou, Edward ETDrett. 

peeldent of Harvard tTnlverT^ty. 

'UnaUitohen cnkntat<-d the elcmcnteof da^ comet, 

I ooattEmmcal^ a mcoioir on the Mubjval to ilio 

m Inetitnto. Sbo irea for some time ongaged 

her father in making the iicoeccary aetronomiooJ 



aw 



TTOUCH or TUB CBKITftT. 



obeervAtioiia for tlic mensuration of io ore of 
meridiftQ lictwccn NaatuckoL ukI I'ortUnd* in iho 
plOfm«Dt of Dr, It^bo. of Uio Coast Surrty. AH 
invitation of U>c ^nptiriiiCendifQt, idi6 kUo madft 
ob(«rvaiioiu» &t tho nortfaom ezlTemicy of tha 
She iriu aho osigag4^(l in dio foniputntiotm of ITm 
NmutloaJ Almanac, autboH^ed by ihe OfiTemm 
tho Uniiml StatcaF, iind nndcr thv suptHnli 
of lieut* IHvU. Amidst alt t}iVAe <«iipkrjDa«BU,i 
fi)i<l4 limct to rend mnny of Llw Ki^nch and 
maiiitanaUi^l nrnUfn, und to ke«ji up mtih llio 
eratnrfi of II10 day. Slio baa bc«D elected a uetnl 
the Amrtican AcAd*;iny of Arti atid Scieaccx, tbo 
lady bavirj^ tbat honor; and euliftequeatJy, on 
nniioR of Prof. Agajvii, a mcabor of the Ant 
Aadoc«allon for tbo Fn>iDotiaD of Science." Tba 
GOoforrcd by tbo King <^ Denmark 00 this vi 
acUoce was tbo mon^ dL»Un^uiibcd, from tbo (^\ 
abo bad eompetiton in tbo Old World, of higb 
nomkxd rank, wbom aha di&tancod by b«!r diacovi 

3dis6 Mitcbell la novf profusor of astrotwtny ! 
director of tbo obaerratory in Vaaau- CoUtgo, and 
been tbo pride of tliat Institutioo for the put 
dcVdn yean, -^ a blcKvdng to tb« pD|>jI>,, and 
aUoemed amon;^ her fffllow-tea^beni. Sbaia 
imsideiil, mod for tbo vnxiTtd year, of tJw 
(or UiD advjuic«in«ut of vromati, popularly ki 
*' Tbo Wonun*» Congm^*" Bcaldca her acicntiAol 
tainx&enbt. Prof. Mttdiell bm wriUcn apri;;btly 
(one on " MarySomorvillc/* in lhe*'Albkniic Moul 
fur Homo or i'iic ilumrif poHodi'^altf, and more »cii 
oomraumoatioaa for tbo aoitintifio onoa. ^bo baa 
loeturcd aoc«ptably on a«lronocalcal Buhjocta beforvj 
Ito^ttoii " Womaji'a Club,'* and in other pUoea. Rnl 



W GU SX-fiCtCIVTUlS, 



2^ 



CnllBge oouferroJ u[inn Iwr iJio hnnonry degree 
jifDbclcir of rtuloeopbx*' Slie Sias tnico vifiit«tl Etm>p«, 
[ulidded Uio cullurQ of fotci^ triiTcl to scioatific 
tfi bomo. WIuJq alroftd she paid partiouliu 
[aUeHitfB to the provifioD for the higher education of 
in Qtfton College and daewberc* and reported hj 
sad pen OD hor roturD. isho w one of the iTOUdQ 
bar Amencaa aiaters ddifcht to boDor. Long 
jbsUv* to ooan tho mtdnif^bt honvona, and win the 
[biyUef of scieiicft, whi]« sun bbxa aAd pUnets burn 1 — 

■'ind oft« before t«cap«stQQUi wbds wIm, 
1%t Mrmmg tUn UII b»adbeg frem ib» ikiM* 
lad. slMotio; tbioaKb tbodaiknca*, ipid Ibo aigbl 
WUhvwMpfaigc^iriMaBd haK«tialI«ol 0^"* 

QiACS Anita Levis, anot^ier descendant of the 
ikfisi is to be Dunsbered trith oar woEncn-tfoicDtJ^U, 
^IbWotnan'a Jourofl]'' for June. 18, 1870, contalna 
ksfan^pb: ^Tba Acad^mj of Natuml Scit'iieos, 
naladelpbia, baa juat ekct^d tbiM ladies to tbe 
of membership. A mc&tb ago, when thoso oui* 
vera propoawd, they ireie rejected. But last 
the Tote ivns reooiuklarod, and Oiey were tri- 
itlj cbcHien : ibe tgvtseu siaading forty-Gv« to 
Tbo victors in tUia peaceful battle are (hre© inters 
[iaaideti», — f^rmce Anna T^wiit, Haunah T. Smfdl* 
Ivlla Hom<*r. Zh(i^ l.cwis ir^^tn onjillLologiat; 
liKuer, a miiiera1(.^L''t ; tuid Miss StiKiUvro'jrl, aij 
tn amentlfiu diagrtuia. So iba good cauiie goes 



Tlv vht«r'a first koovlodgo of MU^t LtmB woa in 



BiitiM*»ia l—ipw * i*rr* nlb u ct w imonuL"' — Vtvoit. 



S60 



WOME* OF THE CE:»rUBT. 




(■oiinectioii with ili« publlcMiou of li^r book. ** NituriA, 
llifttoty of Biidd: L«ottir«a oa Orniihologr/* 
was to hive betn pub1t«hr<l in l«n parts ; but the 
ban n«T«r jrct hif^n ecirn-linliid, to Lbe n-ffivl of 
lover of science who has wan the conmieDi 
Not. ftlnnr on clMcrvc-T or sUiidt^nL. ^fim l^^vrui )u» 
ft ca{iadly for pirofouD J LtieorlaDg ou lUo Liui^ of 
(ifio ApiirebctUAOD. To her jnind the LxuUis of 
set^iD rercild^ Aa t!i« old Quaker preaclieni 
tiiC A|MTit of tbcir nudicoccit, im> abe con mivm 
>oi«atifio tiutba wldch Ue oo doae to U»o rao»l; 
Uhi bock of nature is o& uiuoaW Ami iUinuj 
TPlunK to bcr. In & privftto letter lo UkC writeTt 
L^wta oDc« wrote ! — 

" I BuppOfM voa wUh to kooiv' vH&t lv4 is« to 
stadj of natural tuftto^. 1 tlunk I karnod tho 
of it from Bij mothor ; at lout, £ ner^r m 
time wbeD she did Dot culiivate in ber cbUJren a. 
for tt. KAT^y left a wiflowt »nd i^risiuDg for 
butbduid a lovo wbicb vrm« iievor ezpnascd in wi 
abe sought to mould the miitds Wfl to her cbvgs 
tlte tmMlrl I;iv4t1iksL Id 1i«!r «ml. Mem infants wbo&l 
diad, ^0 xvei« nuxuea beTono our moLbar ooiiU 
bcivdf to ftpcak of o«ir fatber. Natundlj- onr tkoi 
of Uu5 unseen jvtient aun^led with our reteranut 
tbo Author of all created ibinga; and thuj. I Ihink* 
laid ibe founiUlioa for a loTor of natui^ 

^> Later in Ufc, it was mv pnnJege lo be thtt 
friend of tbe BJttt«r of a natutaJitfL, bcnvcif th« 
of a iitUo book for cbildrcn^ * Lifo in the Insect W< 
Ei^litoen y«ars ago afbo bade farewell to oartb; 
aftur a long period, 1 wiibed for a «ftf4^lcindnd' 
bcn< 1 occupied tb? loUnro of a ooantry booa 
obMFvin^ the bmk whldi Ti>lt«d us, and dreained 



liik-ai 



wointN-ficnon'iaTs. 2^1 

[jpy«TlinTT*''r wcrku ft compoiuoii to th^c of mj 

l,uul Lawrence/ va^ ihrovrn In my way by acd- 
IKb wus ftn event. The bonk wiu my bcftb 
Ifi in ^U in vns oil I n^etlp^ :it the time. By ita 
I ccultl itlfiilify Uh? KjicMTij^ic, and tlidr hftlrtU I 
for iu>M^lf. YcaxH (nifweil tii llua miiuuer. 
MldcoD intevfc-id wiili hoii»wlioM mTocaUona* 
j^, WBikftt or ndes. oonnect^d iviUi boaintta or 
u sffonicd mfl occuioa for aftcr^tudy. One 
A roald cUQtftin i«ferei:ce4 to mtaif otkora ; ftod, » 
ityftfforUcd, Ihc avBiUble ones were sccorod. 
tti worooxaniinod, rhcnik l(jn<fty«i^teg>eQim«Bat 
u joti bavo doubUe&a found, it b ibe tendency of 
imdtiia to gather to itedf. 

•At tiio UnLO 1 vofl ripe for iU I thLok in 180S, a 
prowod mo an inlixHluction to Joha Cflsdn, 
Likcit of ibo Academy of Natoial ScieDCcv, 
tphia. From hence I dnle my bltfasisg. I bad 
a HAanu, and, ait Ume prorad to me, one wlio 
abo bow to l>fl ooe of ibo ba&t of frtends. From 
ilky I oMifllnd no fairtlitii^ of nUtdy vrliic-h li^ conlil 
m«, 

^FGabosioefis or bb botUy ctLic» neror m^le bim m* 
uMe. TbcTc were oJwaya Iwitrit Tdicn I could 
1/ lo bixn. Tho Academy of Nauiral Sciences vnm 
to mcn My tabic tbcrc vrL» tilled to ov^rfio^- 
"-'^■h Kr>olui of bLf Mfkcitou : tba moj^oumi witb ita 
of speciioeBai could be referred to; but 
raliuililir of ntt v^a4 iht j^noiud iikiLniotloD \fUii:h, 
ftia leisure:, ho i^ve witb a gtn^sxmty akin lo 

Walking in tbei^enial warmth of suoHn pre^^couei 



SBS 



WDHKtff or Tm OBKTtr&T. 



I foT)pit to Fear It mij^t fado awsjr. Mtjr le, 
could ocTcr )iJtv<T lin(3tvn Lli« rxtvcit of \in Iieoc^l 
under^UiDd It now in Lbe fullest ubmI He m 
seemed to tlunk it ^tnngo ft vronum Ahotitd wish 
atody, and I did tint cither. Ih hod knowledfA, I 
x>ot I And Imj rcjoicc^I in impartLfi^ it to edc. 

" When & liuly OQco tbiAk«d mo liooAiue of 
support I waa p^ff ^ irouAD, it wtm roallj tbo 
timo I had over tliooglit of tho mfLtt^rin tluit li| 
I Btudiod bdCftUM I wubad to find tbe tmtli. I 
writipg b«c«ii>« thoro imdu to bo ncod of jtuu ti>^ 
work." 

lliiji vm» in 1867. L«t«r Mi«s Lewis liat 
to lecture ou Her fuvodto top iiai, and In a letter to 
writer mys, *' T feel that my Hh'e work is httfom 
ill lircluring un ?:<>:ilo]jy ti> girln Just bluocnitig 
woinauhood ; tlio iosinnition betni; e dedre Co 
in Uicm ft faitb in Hcd, anil >n bis niipcnntoKkUiig 
detkoo, which caD&ot bo swept awaj. Thbi too, fa 
rcalitj tbo supentnioturo on which mj book 
phDoa^hf aad reli^ton beinj in ay riew m Ini 
biciulod that neither c^n bo wisely sepaivtod &oai 
oth«r, I am pcrhupi an cuthi»ik»i in thu study 
natural fakCoiy; but it is an cnthiKasot which 
its nourisliment from the eentto of being, I love 
booAQsekieaclMS me better to oompr^hend its Aui 
HU» Lewui f]» Mill a reaidvnt of Philadelphia. Am 
Otnhholo^'l-jt she would pTobobly enjoy th? S^ght 
wninnn'it unii^uu oontiihuiion to tlie Coutonntft} Ei] 
vtifio, ihoiigh the exhibitor perhaps may uot be n 
tiiiii iirckcr of binls. 

Mrs. SABAit K. DoHXKY, of Sterling, Mum,, the 
ooDtiibutor (mm the town to the Ceateaniol Cxhil 
hae two caaee of goodst which will attract great all 



WDHIUi-0OlXKTI«TS. 



-26S 



r*Sve cboke buds of all raiietiea. froio a baia- 

tfi an ocrl, irtiich vena all a3u)L by Mn. Bon- 

r. uul stuffed, s&d mouoUrd on an imitAtioa 

^bnach, Tbe Mcoud c^sv cc&tauis ocverAl 

witb wings spr«ft(i, ejxd ll>c fuU-ei£o trcobet 

of A doTo in Ibo ccQtro of cixob fkn i ftlco a 

umI bftt* mikde out <tf ducks' feftlhon, eiob 

b«ing put oo eoporatoly, and propv^ in th% 

way. M»* BofUtey bu prepared tbofio 

umMod; uhI i; \» BAid thoro arc but hv per* 

eaa ex«cl bcr in tho u«« of ft guu. The birds 

wirod to eacK braocb, which mUo codUieu 

wggi^ Ac. Ttvo Bmiillvr birdi are iIro neon 

itA in Uia holiov i>art of the branches* 

'rf Uicm are of a rvcry brlglit <i»l«r. 

Hackett STBrE^aoN utitde a valuable am- 

to the popular iioic&ti6c litcimtuns c«peclalljr 

j<>ui]^, ui b1^^ bool: euUtlod ** hoys and GirU lq 

i cri. Simple Studies of the Lovrcr Forms of 

based upon U10 latent looturm of Frof. T. H. 

r. bmI publiahod by his pormi^oi^. <Tho iDtor- 

TOlame ts iUiutratod by a bdy, M, J. Macou< 

Ftarthet meaiion of ihe BCieatifi? Woinaii who 

good uao of hiST op(>orlunitie4 for Ktudy, and 

SQcb a portion cf b«T atttiumdiits to the 

oountry, will !« gtrcn in the cbapt«r od 

Pby*it!buis- 

LT Kl. CttaffB (though fihe would hardly have 

bcnteif aiDiirtjf tlua wciEni;n uf ttKittun^) \rrL# a 

botany. Her biogiapbor Bay&, ■* During the 

of XSA9 sho tuade a mllecrtou of uionl of tho 

rm][ in tills regiOD [Cba'-bam County, N.Y.], 

■omu tiin^e humlrtd varictit^, put up wiUi 



SIH 



VOM£X OF TQB Cl£NTCXr. 



skill snd iMAie in tlir«« ponrollos, aDd ftrcompani 
a dc^n|ilicu of each^ arrTtii^ifi] m an ouajr oi flfl 
TlteBe ireiB sent Co tite Wot!«1's Exliikiltan ut 
and r«l-Hinr4Ti) wiUi gnitirying IcMtiiaimmTii/* 

Sasah E. ^»itu, iihot^e uiodeMty might ftxA 
tbo EQtutioDof Ijcriuucc* hns lr<cQ plitcfid among 
Bci^tula. l>j a flotfton Uaclw*rv I^nniftc 5. llote}] 
Ihta BDAonor; 'MValUiam u coupoaed of 
broad street i one beautiful river, Uie Cb&rlei; 
beaaUful mountain, Procip^Gt Thu b Wilt 
plCMurD-tfcckcra ; to locii and vomon of buniMi 
busy, mamifaclurui^, i&Diioy*taakia]jt tiiwn } for 
dent, it hod its intcLcotnal bgn&it^ and rotroats. 1 
for one of die»e hcmiit hotuoa tbat 1 madfl 
directly thia afternoon, aod knockod ftt a low di 
littlo (^*faiibicikcd houito, it« vindowv vinccliwl 
and fom and mosa cUd witMu. A gentle 
proacbed tho dui»r, aiul a light hand rauod tb 
A figure 13 graceftil hs a viKow, a avriwt, [nt4 
fihff^ a roic« of perfect culture, a oingla wo 
imilillci ii^«f« the. iini^4t holiiniKt and lioguij&t m Ui 
I ntay Hay in Aiijr Suitf, \>jih berme me, and 1 
enter. Wd ^alkcl into a low rooiu, only two « 
GTaiy my of'li;:bi tioia vhldi Lt uocti In die gK 
flone chotco lichen or i^nuL What a itudcnl 
vaa thill litre were ahellj and minemla uU 
hf a MhoUrly band : here vera the moat ei( 
amn^d moMoa and femffl of evory domestic 
d^ epcci«, on oudit, prcased, aod growing t 
the f;tud(.tit'3 dcdk, i^eo cf hoafcar one opon aacL 
Uiid jtiAt wbvta th(t Udj- luil left it ; here vre» 
on tho low wall, of leanied face^^ and l.jvely 3 
beat; bare wer« aebooltooka hald&gipg to iba 

' ITouiAn'l Jonnul far IM3X p. tlL 



see 



WOXKAi or TKX CKKTUttt- 






DBtionallt^, and served his oountrj- ii Cot^tcm daili^ 
lU 6f«l MHaODit; wlxll« berijkther obUtD«d diAuiflM 
bj hU militarir e<imc« in Uic war of 1812." Mn. 
licdficld wu cducaUd ftt tho ftohool of Ifra* Willud 
Troy. 

Ewrik WnxAiiD hcrMlf may 1>« tmnlfeend 
thfl ivomeo-wM^atUU ivlien it is retQeiQb«r«d tbat 
vroito IL wcik cnuUc<] ^*A Trcatbo cm th« MMive- 
Fowem tirUich prMuoe the CircuUdon of th« BIi 
Mnu H«le s^ye Uiat tfaifl work wm tho rvsalt of 
t«en yein' «Uidy, and tlut iu object wu to " Entrodi 
and etuUiflh Uib fact, that tho pritidpiU mod' 
vhleh pmdiicc» cEronUiion nf tlie ttlood in not, m 
been Ikoretofore KupjKwed, Uiv hntrt't iction, that 
only cvcomljuy ; bnt thnL ihn iiriitdpnl motivr-jioviftrl 
r^wpiraiAvnt opemtlog by uiinml beat, and pi 
aii eOTecUvfl foroa fit the lung^** Of this work, *' 
London Critio*' aoid in 1848, ''Wo bavo bere 
inatanoa of a voman undertAkiDg to diaouaa a 
tfaat hna perplexed and baffled tho ingcnui^of tho 
diMin^itdicd anatomifito and phyniologbito wbo 
Goniidorcd iu from llcrvcy down to Paxton ; and** 
ifl moro reiaarkuLlc, io iLcquitting bonclf aa to 
that abe iq^prehaiidedt aa wcU ha the beat of 
the difficulti«« wbJeb beset tho inqotry; pcrooired 
quickly aa they did the erron and Incon^tiitiaa of 
theori«(0 of proTious writers; and Inctly, herself 
pouikdcd en hypoibcaia to aeoouni for the cii 
of cbi? blood, and the bp&rt'a aoiion, entnently entil 
to the iwriotis acieotion and euunination tit all 
tiike an intereat' In pbysxolo^col at-kucft." 

At.MTRA II. Lf}4()ni.K PKKLi'ii. the iU8]«r of hln. 
lard. wfl8 aliw iiiUudstfTil in ncienoi-. Tbn Gm wnrb 
cTei pabtished woa, in ltJ£9, a Uq^e botany* film. Hi 



VOUKS^BCEXSTISTS. 



267 



f nr Miendflo boolu havo had a mort g«n«ral 

loo Uimn this; and for tlie Iftat twentj yean it 

fc^ ii& jibioe «4 the principal bobuiicai cliUA-book, 

Kllog tiuiuETi^iis coiDpedtors. Her next work 

ft'DifiUoDATf "f Chcmiidtyt' wbiob, thnugh it piir- 

to be ft trftDbbtioa fnicA the Pnjicli, cutiUdun 

ift the form of ooUi uni im nppendii, that is 

ci&fiuL With th« ]«uti«d, this vork g&T« the s^itbor 

oedit. OS it ovicccd much research and ft thor- 

hnowied^o of tho soieooe which It iUiutntcd." 

Botaaj lud Ch^niatry for Reginners were ftlso 

eiroultitod sad rerf osefuL Thd ilrttt hook 

tfas writer of this volome ever purchnfle^ nitb 

ewa mooQ)' — a child's houd — wu l^is ** Botany 

Bfgfiifttn ;" ftbd it was one of the few books sftvod 

ihs (pvst firs of \$tC in Nniihicke!^ and will luivsr 

frin ber possession :ill she hss no longer need of 

Mn- llmlo SftjTi, " It w« for hiir pnpib llwt lior 

'OtVh wt^nt ]ire|)ftied. No vrocuoii iu America, 

BBf in Karope excepting Tkfrs. Maroet and Mrs. 

lie, has tnftdc #i»ch uaueful and nuinercui coo- 

ins to the stock of available scicDtific knowledge 

Uts. Phelps: yet hod she not bcco a teacher, sod 

the seed of ituch works, it is vcij doubtfol 

she would have pn^parcd them/' 

HittffA^pgf Coxs, the phuoipsl of n semioory for 

Iftihvs in Cia^innati, wrotft '* Botany of Um 

aod '* Wonderv of the Deep," which were 

id to iflfttYaot jomkz readet«, and awaken a lore 

'Munce. Lydia F. Fowlsr, tho daughter cf Oideoo 

iif Ksntuckct, sod thus a desc«adant of Peter 

, the gnindfacher of Dr, rmiikUn, crss eaily 

'tsacUsr on hvr native hilind, theti mirriod L. K^ 

r, the celebnted phreoologistt and has sinse b^ 



26$ 



VrOUKN OW THB OKXrUttY. 



oom« &m«cl bcTwir lut r vrritv-r, Winrrr, uiH pbjp 
8h& la DOW praciUiog ber pi^fMnion with great i 
iti RrgtuDd. Tho book whicb Ifdulu to the men 
her uxiaQ &mong women-tH^ieudsU b a Utdo « 
Mtioooiaj-, publiehod in Nqw York Cit^ BJ»out n i 
of « e«otiirT ago. 

AIaut Tbsat ftbould 1m i&entioELdd >i 
bt«rcfttuig atUcIcs oq micnwoopKi ob«enmti{ 
raiioitd objects, pablhbed in the "fl«w Vot^ Tri 
tko " Topular }^ciciic« MontlUy/' &c^ bare 

APpfobatiOD of lOTGtQ of SOiODOO. 

HSLKV S. OoKAXT b^a furaiabed youn^ re^« 
ft nliiihl« latxoduotion to th« ttudj of yiitgprf 
hvr book, " TbA Dutterflj Haiitc<»," pubUihed I 

FABtMT f. Bdhus Smith hw foniuhvd for 
retden, "Our Blivid,"publl9bied by ibeAinerioui 
Andsty, whoinpitiiliKbiiigAlM " FniDk'aS^ftroli fi 
Sb«IU," RUd a nojUIer ruluaift Gu]]«d " Luid Sb«Q 
tbo Kime luitbor, whose tmma U not glToa, bav 
iba world of Inyn aod girU good «erTM«. 

AirTOUfcrTB Dsovrf Dlacsvei*l, vrbo 
neotiooed eooto fully oLsewbcrc, baa addad 
•de&tfat's Ubniy tvro valuable t^oka, '' Sexea Tk 
oat Natarc," and '* Studice in Gouoral Science, 
a pleaaatiL meiaor/ of ber btotbor'e (Kev. ^VUU 
BrowDt of Nowatk, N. J.) ettetiaiTo cabinet of 
ai>d an acknoirlcdgmeotof bla superior attainmcd 
(moobolo^t, the vnter u inoUD&d to expect jrel 
fjom the poa of Mn^. Itliickvoll, in days to oo 
a Bciontifie cbaraeter, aot unmingled with tb« 
attenLDCw of Chri^tisa pbilosopby. Mra« P« V. 
awjlV exblltU at the Centetiuial Cxiwfitign, 1 
CH^es of greut iiiterebt to botanists, an herbari 
giapca, wikl flowvns forna, and the blrnsDna 




iroMB»-&c[r:KTisia, 



SAQ 



Llittg Ui« UAtivt! flor^of niiuoiii; jRsmiJC Wat- 
ki jjnporetl Kurtb Amcriciui laoflscs for exblliiLJoa 
■Ijo. dnod and Deatly arranged ou caoii. Two 
of th« ce&tttiy wbo an Lntcrwtcd in WtatiioaJ 
I 
U tt oertunly proper to steotioa the Doioe oi Euzjl* 
C A0AB8IK ad ono who liM judstod lately bj 
nvpatby and penotkal aid in tbo scientiilc du- 
aod «cplocat£oEi« of ono ir)ina» tiAnie »L« boars, 
vboa AndHea adopud aod honored* She ia a 
itOD Mf, and WTOU cha t«zt of a book caltod 
^Scadde Stadl« In Nacund Hbiory," pubUfthed over 
uuM Btift diat of li«r aon Aluxamler Agaoiz. The 
ajiiioaLt ttf MBubjw1ius«tu« • Bar, usjxHijdJjr tli^ 
i&u-ft, are doscnbed io this voliuDe, ^wliicli was 
icil vitb tW liopc of furnishing a acjuidu book vf 
^poUr ciwnticter. It la eTidc;otly the flnl one of a 
tthicb, it ia hoped, \riU w>tae day b« iuuecl in 

ICaa. Eruutnik A. SurriL nu V\axi, hM ooo of Uia 
cttbcnata of fcwiiU, theltft, g^ma, Indhui anic4«a, 
'4=^h tlw ouantry. Amuti^ lU rr«mrur«s U a piaw of 
saW eotitamirk^ a amall lifaid. Mr». ^iiiiUi m a native 
^ f Yi-ik State, mid «m a pupil of Mrs. Kmma Wil- 
« .. Sh« «arly maiuJ«atod an interMt in a^iionbJio mat* 
fers vtadted for four yoan in the Sobool of Muw^ at 
fnftrurg, GurniaAyt li a in««Qb«r of thi^ Nvtr York 
Iddacay of Sci^acjv, and a Ftlltue of tbu A filter iir.iii A»- 
L^oa for the Atirstin-ment of Sriri»*e. flhu Iwtaraa 
npim ^'Otms*" t^U;., tba had puhlithed tcTcral 
on '^ Amber," etc., anil, in connection with tba 
uf EthaoU^ of tlia Snithoonba InaUtutv, ebe 
eodertakan to prepare a eoHoa of chNatomatbica of 
Irafooia langnag^ and ba« already nade much prog- 



870 



woMKK or TiiK cfcyrrMT* 



rc»« Slio biu tUno oolloctvd intonwUDg lantcnjJ n 
to tho aytbobgy, babiU, castoQas, ete., oC %kwm I 
And bor conuibiitiont vlU hn mletnetinz ftwL iiapof 
So Mya the Repoit of tli« Bureatt Directoc, 
Pow^U. 

AVith A s^ane of tLo IncompUUBOfii of thb 
jret ^Ud and gratefuJ for the work of tho woni«i] 
tkinv'l, tliU cbAptvr in cIdavcI witb thn Ml ui 
that th<Fr» vo many voioatiSo woxoto in otboi 
feNtiona, and many atuddiiU of naturol hhtiDtj 
country, who, like Makla L, Owks,* flml "QK)g 
Qio Urf^^ IhjcVm iur ths running bruoVs aer 
fttouea, and good iu ev«ry Uung,** and in qiuct 
bdji [itlieri Ui tho boautiful fitudy of Qod'a wo 
wofka. 






■ntadijfc; aom m 




cnAT»TRR X- 



wouEN ucTi^srs. 












I. II. 

TTT'OMAN^ h«« aoccecdfd id Art; not in tht cvrliur 
'' vuitiiiicQ [icrUiip?^! Tilictt tho frccOom of Chrifl- 

1/ ill iho Ai^prcciatioa iinfl pnictico of ihut 

or «jiiLiaIm» the bcauiifiLl. Tluj 

t-^iiAii u i>; oMi 4'cnvui paiutcr. vrc jtro lolit; anil ^be 

li Mid tti l>c of ijti.-«k oHL;in- Her tiumc was Laya, 

1j«nuaiiv ('ioiliic<;il the Hntt ir^rmn ftcul^itor. — $A- 

LVA ros STEiyuAcB, Mr*. Ellct lias trac^ tha work 

inuiided lo mil wliu wauld kuovr vfhAt vormu Itna 
kicrod in ovUor Age* and other luitdfi. " WoiD«n 



WOMEN OF THB CEHTUBT. 

ft book of whicl) it ranj bt Mld« 
Qsoful ftjt unique. EflgUnd tlioogbt so, aod tli«r%4^H 
n L^mdon publifibAr ropiinted iL But it finit apptan^ 
frcm tlie pr«» of tbo Harpers. Anolber Ki*vr YoHi 
fifni. Uord and Ho»gJiton, hn'i finne Invcm of iirt good 
Mrvvko iu piibljpbing '* A H&tidbixik of I^t^mluj uul 
MrUncrfogickl ArU" hj aaotber wontan, CI.AAA Cwcm 
Ci'KMCTCT- la Ibin cliajitei lociilitiu con odIj Ix nuub 
of Amcncui artiste, and that UricQjr. llio 
of BcnjaxRiD Woot dtMrre^ bonorftblo mcntioa fior 
caiooiiiagem«Dt kor ki» g«vo to her fton vbcn be 
fikotcbcd Ibo picUira of kit infont ai^toTi but 
other inotliG»« c<Kiamouslj or aocoaadouBly, hard p 
drailar help and e&oouregcmont to their ckP 
Many, b^ oheibhbig a love of thfl beaaUfuJ, 
aecorod a pre-natal inflaraoe for th«ir (^Idres, 
haa afterward* deralopad bto artJctlc tklll and ge&j 

Mi^ Ellet mentioois cho names of Ruha.ijia To 
RiJZA T(»RKRNa* Mary ACucray, aikI M&tliinie 
TBAU, MS painteiB ; al&o Mrs. Ltrrrox u a Tiiodeller, u 
well aa punt'^r. Sh^ Kpmil:» of CltARLOTTB 
Jakb Sollt, ti[ul ft Mifti O'Haba, an artinU of 
and adda. ''Mra. GooDBicit of Doatoti paiat«d 
cxcellrn' portrait of GiU^f rt Stgarl^ which inu cngTft 
by Ouraod for tho National Portrait Gallei?. 
miJiiatiiTca have great oKrit. a&d ar« marked by 
and expreadion. 

** MAftOA iti:T FoLST vraa a member of the New 
laud School of Dciu^t ood gave tnstmetioa in dra 
and poiniing. Sbe resided in Lovrell, and wna 
quetitly ajtpUed to for her cameon, which the out 
tifully, Aliaa Sakah MACiuxToett vaa ftcciistoa«d 
dnw OD atono for a Utg« glusa coni|Mny; and 
lad&ea dedgn«d In the carpet fkotory at Lovell. tod 




VOUHK ABTtATB, 



278 



Ob MnrisMMk Print Worka* &tK>triiig the abilitj of 

vmi^ to engage ia ^ch ocoup^tion^" Mrft, BU«t 

ifVoM *eveml ptgw to to mtonetifij; scoount of 

Afsi C. Fbaul now Mnu Duncfto. wd Sajlaii M. 

PtkLi u>d RocuxjtA Pkaix, her ust^n. Tha^, and 

in» nf thoir fiuntlj, ivero porUftiUpciLnt^n , uu) ia 

'ibt put of the ctiutury irlieo the Bim waa not acknowU 

dp4 u tn Artist, Ami plxjtograjiljjr wra wbollr un- 

[inwiit thej fuuoJ UuTtr ftrtiatlu cjuvcr aft eioi^^iuglv 

Ibn^ oae. «ikI <iiiit4! pru&pcioiu. For tho portndU 

d cKMivD, doulUo pni:e n-ju ohaiffod. " Tha [lame of 

lo^B lua been pliiced by o pimtor of cmibcDt merit 

mra; Uie moat dintuiguUhod of this ccu^ury ; and iiu 

liflter, A?ftf LtsUK, haa conmbotod to its &mo." 

Un WIL30K, a tiativc of Cooperrtown, N.Y.. but a 

ler in CincUkoaU wheoi Mis. Elkt prcparod htt 

**A gestlcman ocqiuintod vi*h Mt^ WiUon 

fBtttMfrd an incident thftt occurrod on a jonroey to 

Uammoih CaTa of Kantucky. Sinick vritb tba 

of a dUtli^uIihod peiaon in the oompAny,*-* 

Itevson, — tlia sculptrcu gare directions to stop 

a bank of aoft red elaj, aiid. pntdog out one 

[kmd snap a sufficient portion of the matcniil, with 

other she vgiii^d to hrx nuhjivt to ii-main nioUon* 

In a few momduta she had modelled a veiy cred- 

le liliamBM of the aathor." 

Mi9, DtTBOia of New Yoik showed great toJent for 

rc;i]^-ture and cameo^cntt^n^. She ia etud to have dt»< 

;otf.:cd her ahiliLy in thlt way: ^'Hcr foUier had lua 

imi takon. UcfoTc the casting, he aaked his daughter 

ha DpiiaoD of ii aa a likenuM. She pointed out aoma 

ddtdat which the aitisC corrected in her ^letionce, 

upon whieh she eielaimedt 'I couhl do that,' and 

MjottUd the eeulptor to glre her aocoe elay, from 




271 



WOMKN OF TIIS CaXTCBT. 



1 



which nil* mod^Uwl witb bat littU l&1>of tb» 

her hu&b«od, and wu omir.ent^r snccoBsful in tb« ]3» 

oom." Sbo nfterwonU ft'-udicd in Itnly. 

AhBtR Hall of Pomfrct, Cotm., the daDfchler cf a 
phj«jcniin, WM onrnumgit! by hrr father, who iimcrand 
for lic^r alKtx 4]f ctilont fniiu CLiim- Vbdtu^ In Ndii*h,. 
porU IM-i flb« stTLdlcd wiUi SAmticl Iting, and aba 
ied from lb<f old ma.'Oen cm ivory in xnlLiatunv 
finally came to excel in painllng poruaiu thtia, ■* 
aoft colon nccm breathed on th« iroryt Tatbtr Uita 
applied trilb the bruab. A minic^ture grocp ofcea aatf 
for Gto bundled dollar^.*' Sbo wm dected ooiflt 
mouAly to roerabenbip id the Nadonal Aoadenyaf 
Daaign. Mrs. CUat Bnyt, «- Ocw of tbo beet of beroii- 
ginal eotspotiUoat is a group of a mother and ahiU,— 
Mra. Jay and hor infant. The fiiatt duping tbahdn 
to hor bo«om, has a Madonna^ika beauty; tbaabiUii 
perfect in altitude and expreffiion. Another gnmp of a 
mother iin4 two young ohildreCr Uie cridow and o 
of the l^te Matlblju Broep, htt£ a most cbarrawg 
presuon. Oiw of the cliildren waa pauibed *■ a ob 
bi a aei>arjiie pictuTe« luocb valued by artbia aa a 
apccamcn of fliilb Ikliae Itall baa alw> painted the 
tiaita in miniature of many potaooa distiagiuahed ia 
best aocial circles of Keir York. Several of ber 
have been copied in enamd in France, and that 
iudGrttrucUlIe. Three eliQdren of Mra. Ward, villi 
dog and bird : a child holding n grapo-vina bian 
wiUi portmita of Mra. Crawford* ^kloir of tbe 
Mn. I^via Bethunoi aud the daugbten of Got. 
— naaj be meDlioned among numuiout worki, a da. 
one of trhieh bu anfficicDt morlt to establtd 
autbor'a eUim to the repulalion vhlch the ha* 
enjoyed, cf being tbe b«st of Amenoan minia 



VOUSH ABTlSXa. 



37$ 



lUftT SwnnroH L&tjA&i (Mm. BuUon) '■bad a 

[&ther an<l Cwd gnndfatborfr, beciduei other 

^tf, hi Use patriot mmij of lh« Rovdution," whev^ 

cf iixteob ftad eif;bt«en oft^u foaglit 1>eaida ihtit 

Sho wa« a nutivtf of Soutlt Cnrclion, aod 

bors in CluxlesUm. She beoj^me skilled hi tb6 

la of hnimiLlji uni] TnniUcHprn, (ho littor ea* 

her it\tecinl outbiiKuviuu la 1649 aivt remorod 

Id«4. Thero «be ostabtished ** Lvgord O^UcgOt'* for 

libcnl odQCation of vromcn, si West PuJut, in Lee 

\tj* Yfbtn itra. Ellct wiow of her. E<}Vciitoea 

igot »bo vru ibout to ictfuoio htr pcnctt 

Attkemno tim« Ma. Kllct wrote &£ foliow*: ''Javb 

tho jouMsroit child of Gilbert Stuart> tlie 

It poitr&it-ijaliiter. Like m^ny of her eifiter« id 

•be tnkehted the geotui the discovered i& eaHjr 

i; b«t it vftfl not till titer ber &lber*e deatb th*t the 

ike hMd shown fouAd deirelopmeai in the prae- 

of art. She hu redded for a long time at Kevr- 

» Itl., Id the wioyiiieQt of the oelebnty bur 

IfOt* bare aoquSred. 

'*iln tIli.T>RT7ru of BoaAod deaBTVOA uwalion, i?ftpe* 
fj C[>r biir pcitirftiifi of cluldrvu in crajcU' Mute 
peiated Uud^capca ia AlUtOQ*« stvle. Mn»- Oftria 
b«ai meottoned u a floirer-^uiter of remarkable 
Uojrt leEo&rked tbat bo knew nothing better in 
tbao her aotoioa learoa and i^ild flovoca. Iv 
Icrle Mm- Ba£h3cb of Now York has acquired 
itioD bj ber book of * 'llie AVdd Yiovf^rs of 
/ publiAbcd in 1859. The drawings were all 
and Dolor«d from latoie by bervelf. Sire. Haw- 
f^i Bo«ioa haa punted, merij beeutiful pieoee. 
Eoilymiori/ which was greatly ftdmin^, ebe pre- 
co 31r. EmenoD* She aldo modelled the h««d 



WOMTO ABTiaiS, 



277 



fM HOB ymx abroad, oUidWo^ in Par5 ; And Ag^Q* 
UfMfttni >go, ftlu) ftpent two ^^ra aLioft^l wiih bn 
iHfhcm, Bt^jring wiUi Oitm in Muntcfa- 

Sbfipow buin huu) specutiu- work for the oentM^- 
tf /MI. She luw >r<Gtiml pdmcrU mtjl w<H>dfrork from 
tb aid hi»lon<ia] Kou<ies wnl chiir>::hes tli^t have 1>«en 
Ttu> tcuig turn down, wtitking viiHi htir iliiugt^cTt 
i^ dccorftUA the p&Delfl wiUi appioprtAte deaigiiA: 
ril»|ni>tior«kdichQn in thi^ centtr, u«in^ fcir hrr lh^mfl 

b^ Sho hu CDtdo m urt^aUtrj of ti>o iir»t iloor of 

UuEt d«rellii^, ID whkh her piehiras And vorlu will be 

iivaiJbatioti and side, and vbero vonbippom of the 

[«mL c&D ftdauT« iind buy hjr pkcomeal tbo lutfirior 

^Paul's, the pnlpit of the old Folton-Btroet Church, 

lUty of wood &om thtf old Roger Morrifl hooie 

[^ot tfttldDgton Heightfi, of pre-RerohitioiiAry tuoes, 

1^ ocKor uoieat bulldiag for which their heftiH 

holder." 

A Kew York QBwvpspvr Imm idiio published (bc» fot* 

pifsi^ph : — 

Mn. ElliA OreatOTOX, rcoontl/ st the Anodnttoo 

BaJding, hu iiow opeiied a ^tudto at ber neideDce Id 

Tirol tj-tiiinl &tmt> where aho is at prneat teochtDg 

Wdio^lilBrs thoartof reproducing etchinga on fdoiD 

Thciw young ladieft havo received a thorouf^b 

tu drawing, hut as jtt do not exhibit ; Mrs- 

with a feeling tlwt doce her iofinite honort 

tlixt thvrahoGid wait until their worLs can 

id on tlicir own ment, and tiot throuf^h tlio Lnfln- 

of her name. Both of th«M ladieo evinoo taleota 

of a high order* and are alraod; heoomiikg known in a 

qnleC wvj In ait cirolee." 

JkCri, Qrvotonx did not eoaimenc« her oate«r aa au 





VOHKW or TlfS OICCTUKT. 



artist tin pfi^ timtf* Her beet-kito^m work is % 
of drnwing* trcm mjmj of iHe old tjLDdniArkfl ftboot 
city of New York. They bnTo been photoj^pbed, 
puMi«hod in n rolumo called '* Otd N«w Vork." 

Womeu hftVQ aliown vtisde ability lo carving Om 
our flrrt oeotuiy. P. TI»orae, in writing lo tho '* 
titm Et*gUl«r," A]ml 17, IftTO, naid, " I^ftNt 'vrce\c tortg^ 
pieces of wood-cnrring dono by young ladlos of Ciociti. 
oatt for tb« CcDti^-mii&l were on exhibition m IkflulwO 
& BAiumeUbcrg'a vindowt on Fourth Street, wbtn 
thrj Attiaclccl mfmy Admiron, There waa » beiiMirf 
of antiqqo pattern* tbo high headboard ukd thowhti 
woodwcrk ocvcrcd with fino and eUborabe carving of 
dcUoato de^j^a ; hIbo a frbaving-etODcl, and wb«t mt^ 
in centennial iinioft properly bo oaUwl « * cbaA if 
dmwers.' The two Wde$ JohowQ bare worked tit 
mr>nthA on thii bedstead nlona. One roons in 
Women's Centennial Btdl^lng at Philadelphia It to 
•ntirvly foniklied wUb fumttarv carvvd by i1»a 
of Cinoinnatt One la^ly la doing a nunlel-pleoe ta 
vmrifi^ of woods, aaid to be very beautiful by 
who liayo aeeu it^ OUi«rt are c^uiruig an orgiu>-<9Mt] 
piaco-casc, a table, &€. The ladioa of Cincinnali 
oontjibuled fire tbouaand doUaia towards encta:^ 
Woman's OntcnuiiU Kuildio^, and bave still 
thousands Ioft> to ba used In forvArdtng women's 
in Philadelphia. Thi^ moucy waa raiM>d at the W( 
man s Centennial Pair held Itui May. From the fii^ 
the Qncinnati ladi^ bave taken an active interest m 
the Centenn^Al- Art-work is very fitj^hioiulile b«^ 
Many of the * first* ladies go regularly to cbe School 
of IMgn, to learn canHng, punting* dte. An unoivii 
Lntjereat In, and knowledge of, art seems to btt dilTund 
through the oommuniEHy. Painting ehiua teaoapi Sttl 



WOITBH ▲ATlfira. 



Sl^ 



b ftooibcr popoltr aooocnplblinient, udi U4j 

[dff^ieg p4U«riiA to plcnao horwlf," 

AsA/tbt inead epeakB to thd writer of MIm Jbssis 

of BrooUlyit, not known as n painuir, but 

of DoUoc MB a Lndy of inuoh geoltM, who 

MiM i*hcl]w*« " Qftt«a Aju." Il^r dritvnn^ 

KBAfkmblB for ifjIritaAlitj: ind graco; and »he i* 

■yriilfj snccoMfiil \n her delin^tton of children. 

mntiv iMMik-illiiiitniUoi]*, ■ho hta drmvrn for 

Gnpliic*' And other New Yorlc weekly ptiblioa- 

IC0 Fhlelta DiiJgea of BrooUva U n pAintei well 
fva for hrr fnithfal and ohaming fli;idiea of btta of 
nature. Her worka are much aougrUt and 
If priMd bj art-pa trona ; and eho is well rcprcttented 
tb« walet-oolor exhibit at Memorial Hall, Fhiladtl- 
Soma 00c wiota of lurr thia jnmr in a ^(QW Vcrk 



*MiM Bridobs » a poet aa woU aa s puntoCt and 
kit delicate tiita of canvaa are faJtltful niirrora of 
Sha lovoa the oool, grar aanda of the »ea- 
,aiMl die Dirglected blta of landMtapca- 'The bfrda 
fnoo^iicM into many of h^r plctutfv are erqni- 
)dt ]nint?d. Shn tfi rrprtrHoiiiMl tu tI:o Ai^t^my 
^BlacVherr/ Bi«hea.' * Mawb IHowcra,' *TIie Edge 
aPartnra,' • Catkins,' and <Tbcj Mouth of a Rirer/" 
Kifl £ll£» D. liAuo, daughter of Rev, Edward 
rott Halo of Boston, ia a jonng aiiisi who has 
icud toTcrsI pLciiira of great merit, anong which 
T Im mentioned a portrait of romoTkable cxccllcrco s 
"A lloj Reading,'* which is now at the Cemeu- 
Cxpofittioo. 

like Akna M.Lea ii a very dne portiaU-paJnter, A 
odant of <- llie Kaw Vork Herald " thua wrote 



ifnvtio 



WOMljr OF rtt» CKSTUET. 



of her : " Htn A. M. L«« from New York, nov m 



dent of krt tn fvonrlon, hm aehiov«d a cuoom* nj 
ereal«d % BecuaUon cf wbioh aO AmerUnuis duj h 
proud. MiM Lea oame to England »obm thm jaiii 
i^ quite uaheralUed ; but at once, thitwgh ber med 
alone, commanded attenUoo. The rery fint p&cton 
irhich ftli« eent to the Acftdecnj tm ftcoeptad, a eoii 
plimcnt which hiA ftcldocn beca p^d to aa unkoewB 
arlirtt eron among thoM who boro titerward gftlod 
bi^ dbUnctioD. But tbeee American giria bava a vif 
of makli^ their waj whcrovcr tboj appear. TUl 
year Uus Lea oontiibatca three piotun», all of Uta 
of uautfoal boatity and poorer; eo remarkablo, iadeedi 
that \re ean, without fear, predict tbftt tbii yooog irtkl 
has a great career before her, and vill win a high pfaoi 
la the temple of fame." 

Our foremothers in the is^r-ott PUgrlm daja w«i 
arti:^ in n very nmall vray with their ni^octlim* Iq 
riymouih* Man^ roaj bo teeji a piece of ragrim 
nccdlenork, rmbroidereJ with colored silk, now mStf 
faded, b 165A, b^ a daii^bLor of CapL Mile* Staodafa. 
and bearing thia devonl prater : — 

"LoNa SUnJiib b mj uuMm* 
Loffd, guide taj bevt that I noaj do* ikj wUI ; 
Also fill Uij lirul niLli such CHxireDiQit lUQ, 

Aj txay eo[)duc« to vtrtuA, void ol *haan, — 
Aod 1 vin glte Ibf flory le tfaj naiaVL" 



Samplere are not worked now eo much as 
but ibe women of Ibe first part of the ceotuij 
wont to «ixhibit Ibeir nctUtio abolitj mora witli 
needle, and nilh eolored worstedi or dika, than aith 
the pencil. They were in the haint of embroideiiag 
Biititlin, and nuking laciwwork. And tbottgh Md| 




woKzv autebts* 



2S1 



Wf BOi be uliatio in ooo aoom, it U in another , 
ilbft&cti dotibtIc«3, tbnt the eiuldren of motbcn 
rriMod great tDtortst uid riuU in ccabroideiy 
kce-work hav6 reoeivod on mhtitit4ui«6 of tut9 
dcin wbioh liATO mid« them vtistit with brtuh ukE 



Un. Paethkoa S. Post of Jwrmj City poMeGK4 

'AiiUU ibcTo m«&tioc^. waa a perfect nztUt xrhb tJtfi 

(« an ttmbroidered CH[>e and cotlHT sbow, vhkh 

■UTftb In tbdr vay), and Iter dfiug)ltt^^, Coft* 

S. Post, has inlieriled twtte m^ fikitl >vliicli 

naUed Ker ti mnVo pen-ftDd^tQlc-AlcF-ftlin^ onj-- 

fortrslts, w&t«r-cal'>r and oil pftiDUo^fi, with grcaL 

iKtn,aiut to ecigntTe oa wood, naring u btbcr of 

nor matheuati€al ability, and inrentive genius 

t>o vondor tbat tbo oultaro gained in the New 

J(rt School of De»gn attd ebewbcre was not in rain. 

Han ro»t hna d«£ignod nearly oil tbo vigncttca in tbia 

tfilca^ and drawn (bem on wood. A Boston lady, 

f^aocofl A- Stnitbt baa ani^ravcd Uiem. Miss 

b a native of Montpelier, Vt, Lut Ut of New 

stock, her parents being from Lehnnon, 

Daring die lifvtime of ber fiither, sbo iraii often 

inlufd assicitant to him, dra^n-fng and engraving dla- 

cif bin pUnH for bridgm Crsvoii poTtr4iEA ttt 

&iber and motlier^ and tbo writer of this Tolume, 

fw that tbo difficnlt proceta of tranHferring to tlio 

raa " Lbo buinan JncA diTirio'* In one of iba glila 

by ProTtdenca upon her ; and. if tbo poesc^ 

of • corapelency did not ksep ber among tlio 

aribto, h«c genina. shown tlirciigli a oommen- 

indnatrT, would ^vo her high placo among tlioso 

who ftand before tbe easel, and tranafer the beauty of 

Mtvra to tbe OBOTia. 

1 & A TvM.aakiT«niof of Wan toWfai. 



'' *' 




282 



TToufiit Of rnu oK:<Tt;&T. 



"^Tlid libera ChriatUn" tlnu epCAk* at 

'' Mua MAbY Hallock, ^ho iUactnted * Th* 
tag of the Crano ' utd ' MaWL Mutio ' m> ftdatinUy^ 
tboagli her name vru Kcently cIiftDgod Co Mrs, Ko^t^ 
vilL not AbanUnia bar bcttotiful ^rt in her CtliCpm^ 
liome. IkfllioD, upon the Had*(m, Miw HjOUcVb lio«i^ 
hid been Ui« lospimtlOD of ber picturosi Iwr Qriikff 
relnUrei RppeaHng la Beveral of her flgima; bm lU 
mora Ute sceniMy bIio lo^'ed hft» been sketcbeil vuk 
rur» fiiTi;Utjr ikiiil octuKummJitfl gruoe*" 

"Miss Saeah CuAftKK, aUUrr of B«T. Dr- A 
PreoniiD Clarke^ luig for Acvernl yciwrs mailed in 
vbeip, b^ b^r genllo court«ey Ukd spaiktiog tii 
nbe bv won for bcradf ft Iftigo circle of fhead«. 
has MXi aitbtio-looJdnc ftpfti^tot on Uia Vift 
FoDtaoCi OToriookiog Uio booutjful grounds of 
B&ri>crlai Paloce, Sho is nov enga^d o& b«r 
worif o& Djiuto-" Sofiftje ODO nevitpoper vTtUct 
ODOLbcr ftdd^ **Tbt DiuiU dmwif^ of Mm 
Clarko are ihvs fpok«D cf by Anne Brewster tn a 
ftom Rom^f *Tbo conteaU of tb« book4 trt 
cbsTming, — largo peD-and-Ink drawEng^ of 
vvuii'il by Diintrt, jiIroiui unci* inmortaJ bj' Uii 
lUiliaik poet. All ;beae dmwtogs bsv« been nunb 
ibm grrstcst care from slndies which Miss CIaHcc 
c t«id oo Ui« ground. fvLe lux imvt^XKcd Italy oa a 
DsTLtopilgruiii andUicao tiro beautiful books. Otti 
antJ rure genus are tbo rcaulte of tier iDt«l]LgeDt 
M'las CUike, i; must b« rementbered. waa alnost 
only pu|iU WashingtoD AlUton erer ba^l.** 

IUCN3BK& RODCceOK MOBELL baa bcoom« DOtod 
bcr bi'sioricol f]ixinttiig«, of wliiob a oorroipoiidaA^ 
** llifl Boatoo Journal ^' ^aid, wbta Ihoy vero nl 



lOk 



J^bii 




WOICE9 ABTtsre. 



S88 



><Th«y ftre ^pokca of in tcrnu of the Ugbcot 
ion hy ftrtista aikI ^rUcntics, both at bovDo t&d 
Tboy ftra tbo rciiult of lonj^ yotrt <rf study 
or, uoder the flnt maHt«» In Franco and Gar- 
■nd kIiow ^rf«t gonitu, inured by patriotio 
kttn. . . . Tba coropoaitlon U stHcdy orig^iut 
ila d«ljuk: volcIi figiira aji^I 0Ti?ry Attimul wna 
from ft living ntodalt afUir Lbo jttrietAt rul« of 

o&« abould loto Ito opffortunity of vedi^ lh«e« 
L Tbo children dF our f&milica, ajul. indeed, all 
voUf abouJd be tdcen to Araory Hall to enjoy 
nd to bear tbcir atonea* ao pleasantly told, — 
iy may than bava imprMaed on their minda tho 
a American liberty w&a nor, obtained but at a 
eo«t- 

hcftr that M»< Morrell will leave Boston very 
id that the pictures may be purcbutd for the 

at WaaUngton. If thia aball prove croe, ve 
$h there was better company for them tberet 
I day mti%\ eome era long, when aome tnberable 
bat de&ce the walU, through *' lobbying/' and 
ipwd pcttiTitf there, nny br m]iliu)ed by wi>rk]t 
art* Sueh Mis. MurrelVa are iTronounoed ta be« 
WaahbrniM, oar Alioiater to Fritncc, GuAtare 
Adorn aud Juliet Donheur, llealy. Merle, and 
ioent historic jil painter, Philippotcaux, and 
bBtheiv of er|iial atnrdmf;. 
j^^urta which dmw forth the praiae of snob 
9, M AmrriciLn*, muy bu jutctly proTbd; and we 
Mgnleful to out gifted ocuntryvoman vho has 
r repnw wn ted oai both in ibo art eiiclev and in 
abroad^ not 1«^ by ber genias than by herqniet 
y Tlrtoe* and her heroism during the iiegv of 





fiS4 



iFOMSJf or TUB CKSTCftT. 



Paru, for ercn its honors btui not poir^r to dnvj 
from ber work. Let q« cot viUibold from Mm* 
tho nppt«n«« irbich foreig^oet* so frtcJy 
hfir and h«r worka/' 

"i. GV' in '^'i'bc BoffWa CoraraoDwealtV 
■<Ui9. M(»mJlluu bdSD devoted to Btt from bcr 
yean. Sbe left BofitoQ iomo GftAon yttn a^. datf 
vhkL time abe biu studied et DoMeldorf iritb Sc^ 
der, ftnd CampluuiFea, now conrt pjuntcr oT tho ^rnf^ni 
of 0«fmiany, and vhli Couture In Fnace, frotD vbo« 
and oth«r distirgmahod artistft. she baa recdvtd tod 
mcinuilH of lbi!ir Hpjiri-ciAlioii of ber talentiL Tbe jm 
Uirts v-vll remain in Boston rnlj- n daj or tiro hA 
ireek, before going to PbiWulpnia for exbibitiaii***B 

Mra. Ellet m&otiMia tbe namea cf Mra, Woo&lfl 
Un. RcoOLKd, and Mi.<A Caeolikb Hat, na Hud i9 
eca|>e-arlbt0 aerenteen years Bf^~ Sbe abo upeaki 4 
crayon beada by MUs GoOfir fJocTeTa bj 51ua G&iV 
BUBY, and interior aoonea by JuLtASA OjLia.Ef . 

Mrs< KUel devotee a large part of a cbapter* Jahm 
irork on " Women AnUla," to an intercsUng ekeBcfl 
Ult Mabtut Spsitckr, tbe well-kBoim paiiit<ni 
««Tiiitb UnTcIlu^g Fabtehood.'* Aa the vaa bon k 
England of FVencb pareate, ve do not conni herataod 
tbe vromen of our cenLury, biil coirtiog u> Anedn 
wfcen T>ut aix yeaia old ber Ufe h^s been Amerkan^i 
few baTe any suspicion tbat »be U not nativn bora-S 

LomBA Lakder uf fUIem, Sfiiu-, i» a dlcant n 
tiTe of UfiDJaiiiiii W«At, and a descendant of Cipl 
lUcbard Di:rliy, nolvd in tbe Revolntioniiij atrnj^ 
** In various brancbefl of bei fdmity baa artistio talfl 
abown itAclf. Her ^amitaotber and ber mot^mH 
nmarkablo for Ibeir fondaeas for tat, and K*^^^^ 
tbereof in trorka of tbcii own. Is tho old biaH 



WOOfBK ABTtatS. 



2a5 



tBBiWt vbert LouUa^e childhood wits spout, ore carv- 

npoD th« invJlB and over Uio l<>fw doon, dwignod 

her^TiJidisathert&&doxocnUrd nndor her directiooa, 

dint^fl, Dviiiciog both UaU And «kiU, deccimud 

mboguiy fumiioreE and the eftnopi<« and cover- 

Ibci (< Ui« ^rnittiro won embroidered bj Uta Ud/, 

iKojdiikff to Uio fashion of tbe day« her ovd tsmcy snp* 

pljing tin bevuitjfnt design*- It ctui hanlly Iw wiid 

*^ cnmmenciid the art^-life of Uio youn^ girl 

hroii(;bt up under sach influences." 

Bvim in chifdhood nhv modelled heads for dolU vith 

ftklU, awl Iter caily dmn'iitga were ntftrrclfl 

[of ticelleboefora pupiL She \t{t hernatire land to 

tl tLt cullun of Rome, and wad tharo a papil of 

Ford, — hilt only pupiU — and exlubtUd from the 

freat akill Ln portraita. Sbo finbhcd tho btut of 

f-Jnatico Shaw in marble forGorolIaU, — thollor- 

IshontfT-. ** Thia talent for likdrHieaa ia oU«rvabla 

tbv fir»l eflotta of Mias l-ander. WboD T«ry youog, 

'Wforo tho had attempt^ modijlUug, aha oarvod frooi an 

jDtdalabait^r clock, with a penknifa, vaventl beads and 

fn b«a-reUvf- TIicm vtm nodeed by a frivud, 

ga?« Iter a bfc of fihell and somo fevers, >)iid at 

U without tti^lcaat inHLniutJont aha rarrud a IkjuI 

QUDOO. tokttnaMei of bar mother aiud otlter fiiemla 

made, and proi^oiincod very slriklog/* 
^ executed a fine jx>rtriiit of Hairtlionie aiid a 
iaa-rdicf of Mountfotd« She made mite a aharoung 
AaUi«tte of Viiginia Dan, and aftertraid a atntue of 
Gfa aixo in roaiUd' She executod ** To-day" und 
-*OaUteft." **Eva&g«lino" and '^Elizuboth, the K^ilc 
uf Siberia," all of them dcl^h'Jnl ^acli in ita ovo iray. 

Bio thcae ahe has added '* Undiuci'* as a eculptored 
i^ of btauty, " CenM Mouriiiog for Proson^C*'* 



sse 



VrOUKX or Tll« CtTlTUKT- 



uuT **A Svlpb." TheAo arc at! meorioned br 
BUet Miss Lander lm» ooniinucd to hrigbtcc 
n-orM of art l>f her gDoiits. ^Ut a!if toni; lite 
mould day. And chip mnrblo into forms of lovdiottil 

jEXKia E. Babtuht of HftnxKvnj, Me., wu 
irtth a lOTo of art tbat cooid oot i»c rcpreafled. She 
■uccccdod u a porlmit-paintcr, after «tru(^l«a 
of tbo i^riflO tbo eou^f^t, and gires proof of a 
•DOtgj ui'l ahilitr, wUicb promiiics still Tery mttoh 
than fho haa yet ^rouj^hl. 

Miss MAiEGABrr Hicks, who f^raduattMl in 
nre from Cx^TDell Univi>raky« U tbo fimt wucoaa 
]«lg« to tind<'rcuk« tliU prufMNton. Tim tbftma m1 
bjr MiNt Ilicki^ AH Iirr CocnnieDcoiDeiit Enay, vai 
*' Tcncrornt lloaaa." anj abe a^eni^d — unlik« masf j 
tbe arcliit«cta who bare aent pUns to New Vorfc 
vbiuli pretniuEiia arc o^cred — to buTo rccaembcfisd 
booaea mwt bur^ light and air, cloMU and b0d-rooiDi.| 

Katb K. DooQErr U a well knovrn patTon«M uf 
with much abilitv ax aii arliit, nivd opvdalljr aa aa 
eriUo. She reaidee in Chicago, and daoe ber 
from Knropa baa fiLTomd tbo furmiLtifin of arliftu' 
tirs, atid ^Itrxi great encourag^metil to young 
vftiioua waja. Of Rkiiscga A. Moaan of Naw Xi 
Ci^ Tcrj much ihn homc may he a^J. Sba Laa 
the chainoaa of the ^n ooiumittca of tiorooia fef 
erai jeara. and her jupcra on ait bavo bceo vorH^j 
wide circulation. She baa brarotj battled for 
roproacnted in olirorooa, believing tbat good 
are better than poor oil painUn^ and thai 
DDAj cdttt?nt^ aitd adorn as weU aa other piotar««t 
becaiue of their greater ohMpaes^ perform a 
work t& aducatiag chiUlreD, baoitue mora bomaa 
afford to purchase ihetXL Aa the wife of Prof. Ui 



WOUK* AIITISTIL 



2d7 



Kflst add leacber, thU lady baa tiDpeTiorftdv«at4|fea 

ifvpoct to criticiKm and iofoimtioQ, which luivo 

vcU impnretL Many i fttTOggliog aitiat baa 

Ueased by her kind aaooungMDoat aad bontro- 

bad. 

[ait Wrstoit, n/« PiUsbory, is mentjoa^ at »6i&t 
by Ml*. Ellet. SU wit bora in Hcbroo, N.H., 
lugbcor of a BaptUt clergyman. ** Ooa d^y, 
WwMQ S9T0E1 uid \aghif Um noiiiMd a boauUfal 
and, returniikg bome, went i^uietly to hor 
r^ tttxdy, eri^njiiiig in, mm \i wmn !<>ok»l, tliroci^b 
{ftiufl of a wiDdow, to wbieh &b« cUmbod by a 
on tho bed, in March of a sUt« aod pencil. With 
At began to make m akotch of the &c6 that bad 
bar, Sbo loado tba oval outLba, but ooo^d 
five tha axpf«aaioD about tba month and eyes- 
a keen BCC«e of di«appoi&tmont aho rolinqiti»bcd 
bopaJeu ta«k. Ilut tho aitbt-paasion vrta avralc* 
within hor." As tho yoai9 loLlod on, it vaa fonnd 
tlia task vai not hopetMs, though sba had Uttld 
lent from tbow about her. She waa poorly 
ltd with matariAlft. *' For tha eolora of bar 
Wen Mary oaed b«et^]uioe, cnr&cc of bean-leaves 
by haravlf, etc-t till tha W4'lisjmo j*w«wit of k 
of paints made ber uideinetideul of au:;h L»nlriv- 
Aftftr many vtcbt^iUidus, graphically told liy 
nitrU xho wMi marricH] to oite irho ap[)reciated hfiT 
La*; and from that tiino she i^jaiotcd aa much an vaa 
DOnaiatcnt with tha caro or ber two children, lltr 
iapM &om the old maaCora are eonsidcrod admirablot 
Md her pQfttaita excellent 

JxruA mr P&^ a natirc of CbarlostOD* S.C, who 
iftarward mairicd Hcaiy iionnelhoan. is e&ioemcd aa a 
wotaoo, and 6no artiat, according to Mra. Eliot's 





s» 



W03d£5 or TIIK CKXTUBT. 



tevtiiaoay. Hi^UtaMiWnvx&a of CSMfleftoom 
mestioDvd m f^d painters Id oU, ami u HaviAg 
In cuttiuf? etmeoa. dtABLorrx CoKTxtf of Colt 
S.C-f ood Ei#T^* CucpCB of tb« sain« i^Uce, kdU 
Ahjc DouoLAHf n^w Mm. Jo1tii9>ii uf Wf 
U«sfl,, ara on Mnt. EUoL « pagon ma ttrtistd of V( 

"* About M-T^n jwiTB *go " (ttow tliirty), 
Uiv. ICllet, ''« School of Dttigu for Wuciea 
Btatted by ^Hw HiuaUtoa, irhiob. &i]|iported bjr 
taf7 ooatiibaUoi-K, met viih tnoounging tiiccMLj 
has now been adopted by the tnukei of Ui« 
Jntftittito, and a Aum is Allowed Anpually Cor tba 
of tMcbon." 

Euiu SraosiKS U a nadvo of Now York Citys 
ftom MiB. Ellet'a eketoh we leam that she wu a pogt 
of H«Drj Inman in oil-pointiRg. and th&t to Uuisj 
aome of her friends attributed the magt^rly eorTwd^ 
and gnce dicplayed ld hor portraite^ and for « 
aftrrvnml her onyoD aketcbea ware *o nrncb admi 

One of borearty irorka waa a volume to w 
gKro tlw UUo, ** A Book of PmyiTr." It ooDtahu 
beautiful v|i»olni«na of ber poetry, but b cldeHy 
able for i:a cxquiAto iUnminatioQa. Some of bor 
portraild, execntud in Ror&o» receirod the Ltghott 
Buams &om acknowledged judges in tU&L eity. A 
abe modo of tbe '* SU John " of Du Btvuf, and ooe 
a patntiiig in the guUery of the Louvre, tt 
"A Girl Dictating a I/ore-l^tter/* were not^ 
her oU-painlingu, Her ''Boy auj Btid'e Naal'* 
done in tho litylo of Murillo. ilor poatel-f 
^Two OogH*' haa bean hi;;hJy pnutML Almott 
brmnoh of tbe £mit»tJYo art has been at different 
eoitirated by MUn SlvU)&ru^ and h«r «noo«aa 
tlie Bcopi^ and versatility of hiar talimt. B«ddee 




colon, fibe liu pmcilsod drawing on 

Lug wood, modelling id gIjljTt Add vrorking 

It lA prubftblv III Um diiSciilt »rL of seutfi* 

KwiU leivc tu Aiuenuii Um world hy vrhicb 
most widely kuown. Sbo pniflt«d, lllio 
■ hj tbo ccmoteb And iopenriMOD of GibAon* 
'til InMruotfoQ of Akciu, 
l workii irocx b«r chisel comnumd high prfriflc. 
f btt M»mes of " Indudtr^ " ftod " CommaK^'* 
W4f '^Sabdalphou/'mnd die exfjuijuto f>uiihiiii 
JODtnl r»rk, npreseQUug %n uijjel, ^itli other 
lad eATviDgn ttbow And beuea'h xh*> basio. 

Eb«r buitt [h oq6 in maible *>f h«r cber- 
ChaulolU CtuJinuin, whou pliicd is tfa« 
tufiiiin, but which b on exhibltioD Bt the 
iposiliifli. 

Mbllict; buru 111 Slcrlitig, M:iM-; her 

a and Sail/ niood, &Xi\l leKiiiog there in 

■ge. ThU &rtiBi can h&rdl/ ftiitieipher 

using Xbt brush, eo eorlv did ebo 

no jntcrcii in puiDtini;. &bo wua tnught to 

*r-cvlon Ln iur iuUto pUce, at a boardicg- 

xuioctcd hy a Mim ThAjcr, Sho attended 

1 thu Fryrdlo Semsmrf la Bolton. Miwe.* 

tth^^n uaJcT xUc aoMptccM of tho (^akcn- 
' fearing that her lovtv of art would h^ h«r 
othf r db«otioQa aa a e;ud«nc, if indulged, 
hdve her paint4)OZ mnaio at hcma. 5hd 
Itifonued of Ut«ir wiflbwit oons«qi>enUjr It trju 
tUDg pAclcftd I for to bcr it wa« of the highMt 
In a Ittisun tlroe at the uniiLary aba 
ImildlngM and grouDds, whloh 90 pJused 
he iltsiivd Lu purchase tho picture, aiid 
youDg mituL to im|iart to ona of b«r 
wledgaof tbu bc&titjful a^l- 




29^ 



WuUXy OV TUK cmtitikv. 



Tbi* My m&TTiod Rev. C. W. Mellcta, whoie 
uid cultuio eudUod hiiii to take u Lively inUrcni ia ba 
efforU at oil-[)(uijUr)f;. Sluf wu iiutruoted hy ibm l»t 
Fiit'IIcury Lame of 01ouoefl:«rf >Iftfl». i kaiI, hA b« vi 
QEiquedUonably oav of tbu Wt mstriD^ }mmi«r» in t^ 
couutn*. It U DO wonder that In af^r fours Uie pa^ 
received a Ur]g« me^ of pciuo for her ori|^&b «d, 
oopiei. Her copy of Lane's *■ On the Leo Sbon**^ 
elicited the vrzrta eDcomiunu of tbe pr«», Oii# fdiboi 
Tomfttkcd, ** An old * h«a dog,' in loolciug At It ye«t«Rl^, 
exaJainied. *Tlieni nitchore yer OD)y hop^T" ind^ddtlf 
** Mnt. MtiUiTri (> mi fuitiiTii] in the ooplmt of b*r nailfri 
tlut even no expert might Uke tbem for »ri};ia4k. 
Imtortl, nil nnccxloto in rvlutt^l of bcr, whirb will am- 
l^y h«rr |K(\ter lu tlila dlivclioii. She bad just ooifr 
pletcd n copy of ono of Mr, Liuio'a picture* wliea bi 
cnlled li ber rofideooe to ac« IL Tlie copy and lb| 
origuml wcro broiiglit down from tlu) studio lo^vtbffh 
nod tlio Euaiater. much to the uiiUMiuoat of tboM pn»^ 
tut, vi» unal>l« to toll wbioh wm hts own, and wkiaL 
wns ihu pufiiri*.'* 

Mr^. Mellcn nowroEides la Taunton, Miua^ uiii 
iFtiLl actively «ugag«d iu b>3r ttnUio with good fttceesi 

May Alcott sbonld not be forgott«a nnoug anaa; 
liDC4i lier KkctdiuH havo m> rulivcnt^ thn pngca of bcf 
diiterV sioriea. Bom iii Codc^oi^, Ma6&. of psoioA 
and plitlrwipliio iLtock, mid one of tho originali cl 
*' Liuln Woiijvu," ^btt b&d Ueeu di%eiit nt buiiie MiJ 
nbroiul, and will tako bi^b pbco aiarMig tfao» vboM 
otdui^fEi ^>cftk to tho eye aikd tbo hemrt, and fine]/ iflat 
tint« lifo and ecutimoott tl^o gniTo and iho gay. 

BiAZABKta K. Db No&uandib, tUo thiid ol nim 
ohildreo, waa lora in Duclu CoQQly, r«an. HorfiUhl 
wi» one vbo dcAurvcd tho UUo of '* bolov«d i>Uy*kiAi^' 



WOUKN A]tri»TB, 



Sin 



'(blh«iar«n»l side ahe ha» Hugae&ot Uoo^ in htr 

n^ tud Qualtrr nn tliat pf tior tnath«r, w)m> was 

&in& B> VaiiUej^. Owing to U] beallb lie fjitberc^oaed 

dtfinv^Le of liU |jrofr»)OD, and mov^I to the WrnL 

nt iwiber w«0 ft iiod ftpiril, & vromait tronhj- of her 

:ftni cleigTHKn mbs, ud bcrarUftt daughter. "Slia 

lueTCftht) brigbt spirit of Lbe bou^elioM, eTfirq)iftk- 

'h$^t Suing void, over couxudlu^ her diUdren vnth 

nIaB&Jidliive. T]iroa;;Ii cbangifa of jJace «iul for* 

[imt, tbro&gh ton and dinppointmGDtt over her bright 

kekcd up and onward. Amid mtmy other dutica 

wvo conKiectkni*]/ dUcharg^d, elio dsitjr toaght 

jrcng InmU}', «a/ing abe did not think it right to 

joQttg children to acbool until thej' could read, 

\fitty and luidantaiul aomothtog of Riithinfitio and 

bj. So iheoi and always, while bar children 

at hocna, wura th«7 dnvn Bioouid her through tha 

1^ latnpll^hc, while aho anpenntetidtrd th^ir 

ai aa]y on inlHligenl, jndldoua mother ctto." 

Dotber's dcAlb Misa De Korm&ndie continued 

krap Dii7 Httla vtcrre m wlkb tbo writer of Um vnl- 

£rat Haw her, at Yellow Springs, O*, to which place 

pucuta removed for tha cducution of their aona 

Icr Iloi^eo Mantu and wbexe &liaa Do Nonoandie 

aai then atud^g liio modem Uiiguagc^t, when Antioch 

Ca£e^ waa presided over by tlio genial Dr. Hocnner. 

pAintoil admirably in oUa fbryMra, In 18TJ »he 

the Atlantic add m^de tbe tour of Europe 

Far betow tho Avcntge ftnture of wnman, yet 

courage and jitreD}*lh were NuHIetenl for all bar need ; 

abe spent aloiit fitx:een months visiting nearly 

voontry of Etitopo, and In hcvr own ezpcriutice 

»Ted Uial "a lady can travel alone and on Umii^d 

through erivry tnt4.'rQHUng >pot, cf Kuruj>c, gain* 



292 



woxk:c or Tnit cKyrcar. 



4 



in^ information uid expedcnoo tbnt nuj hec^efi 
eoricU ber lif«." Sbo m "^uito certain that 
UdiMr if tbcy nn witling to bo economioat, can 
frtim DUDecessary exp^nsos of dr«8« and tabja 
ftaiucmcJitT iri ^ f^v ycari, cnongb to taake «i] 
loar." Miss De Nonnnndie spent Beverml latm 
tlm l^twrt, pftitttitig, and ftiuoo her irUim Itna coo 
tit^ artklcM oonctming h«r jiKimoy to a n^gious j 
aa], «boiring tlutt the American woman artUt or 
litotnt; vromaD cui easily and profitably mo Earofw 
aim wil]. 

of Phila4ldpl]ia« vk-hcrc tftie villi reeddtvi but ber 
tation wiu» lon£; sbce spread vido over tho coooa? 
aa an eminent enigmrtr on hUtU to which dfcfficoll v1 
she haa addod that of piuutor in oil cofora of 
Bolgccta. 

" The OMehanietl shJU to be acquizMl before 
work ia produced in moiotinto ongravii^ ia m 
than in dio lin« manner, or even in tbo «tyU 
fltipi>Uiigi bat It demnntb niaeh mora arEbik a1 
and tbat sdlf-MllajMe, iho nMult of a inaatary iu t 
of drawiitg frmn the raodd, which ecaMeii the 
to proceed in a pointer-liko mamter, with free 
fldciit tnt«Uig6nca of toitch. Heni-e, Uie U^t «d 
b ftr<t tfi le^ro to paint iu oil0, whiah □«c«MaHlj t 
oIuiIm a kiiawlcilg(» ami prncliccror ilrawing. 

*'Sncli wnw tJit^ cnurso of ntiadj pm^iml b> MiM 
l^u. tbe |iiuneT?r auioii^; AmcHcau tromcu iii Iho ait d 
ougrnving on »ip«1 ; aud iLbt iloubtlcAM ouiitriLnt«il, 
otdjr to the «trIkInjE excellunoo of bt^t productioua« 
ahio to the facility aiHl npidUy wbivh are marknJ 
actcrialicdof herexeoutiou. She haa been ao earnest 
laborioua student in the Axt School of the J'enm^ 



J 



WOltlCy A&Tt9T8. 



29Q 



MifM »t the PftfU SaIcd, where the ord««l is m 
jtfftf* thu more HiMh one-balf tho anistio poroductiotia 
|cfc«d ate re}eet«d. In ibe latemsdonml EihibdtioD 
|af tba oentcnnial jreer. In her uAtivQ city, MUs Sartaia 
the dUtliiciion of a medal of honor tn tlie fb^t 
sdecbed na promiiietit Tor A"lulic eic«Heiic6 
Um reprTMfCibilivK arlinU of ihi- iialitjii. At 
; she ia hard at trork in her Philadelphia etudio 
bttUi of her profcaaiotis, irintuiig oev laarebt and 
\]t!p3ti Uie foondatioa of a reputiitioii irbich will be 
bj pMteiity," 
Vn. WoBKLT, ibo wife o( Dr. Woncly of Colum- 
0^ is fllao a Dot<«d eneraver on st^al. She 
a worh written br her htiebnnd, who it a 
hariQi; first made the drawtngc, and aent them 
lome CHsitcTTi dtj- to be engraved. '* A difficulty 
DO aDgraver could be futind to nndertaVfl tbe 
ic work required. It wkh the opinioQ of 
who were coiiftidt«d, timt only Uie luUtil who 
the i^cturfis could sucoeaftTutly eogiavo tbcm. 
compeDed to fiuoh the work, tlio wife of Dr. 
Womly learned iho art of CD^TATiDg, cagrarcd the 
pdifice, «od cnjoyi the honor of baTing contributfHi ao 
kr^flly to tiu beaiity and complctcncafl of n celebrated 
iBMDti£a tiwtbc." 

Veneo aa wood-earvere hare exhibited f-reat artie- 
b >bUi^, and the edUice known na the '* I.>ake Oeoeva 
Saainarj" In Wboonsin waa de^pied hy a woman. 
lc( architect wu Harriet K. Warvkr, whoiic mother 
■ tke [uincipaL She ha& " demonstrated tbat a woman 
c«B design a large bnilding 1b»t idiall i^nmlnne, U> a nire 
df^ren. beamy and fiUi««t. Without having given 
pre?ioQ8 attention to arcbit«ctunv she liaa achieved 
Hor mrtiatic gifia and tiaiuing of cooiao 



w 



voMEx or tarn ufitxEjar. 



pttvcid cho way ; for UtU aroMt^ct li mn Ardit bjr 
fenioQ. aoj) a credit Uj her young Stmto- la 
WoniAir« D<pnrtu«at At Philadelphia iir« tiffo Id 
specinwiid of her worV. The shriiM of carrod 
and silver, cxtnUibatod b; tho womrn of WEtoo 
haa Iwo-gi'tu pictures in panels, Hta of Hid lako 
abor« JQ Uio dvlicate bluo and green of their t 
attire. TIloso gtimpAes of tha lake, in il« muiir, Ap 
time mood« were caught by ^lita Waracft vho ftti 
tiie loeDcry vtch oa nach dovotk>n as a loror eta 
the changiDg eiprenkas of hit lady'g faea. Har 
lie talant tfae seeou to have iDtwrited froca lt«t 
a woman of rare cultivation." 

EouofiA Ijcwji» U eQtiUed to b^ tneatioaed wid 
wonien artiMta of our first ee&tnry. Lei ^* The Chtii 
Hpgint«r" loll hei slorjr, 

"All who vtKia pmwiit at Tnuixnit Teiajile oa 
Mondaj eveiuug of the preaeutaUon to Iter. Mr. 
of the marble group of ' Forever Free,' cieca 
Uifia Edmonia IjeiA-ia, must liave bcea decplj: in 
No oiuN not bom subject to the ' Cotton Ktag*' 
look upon tliid piece of Actilpture without 
emotion. The jioble liguro of tho man* bia 
Baeming to eu-dL ^ith gmUtuUe s the oxf re«i 
fight novr to protect, vrith vhieh he llirows Ida 
around lUa kne^ng wife [ the ' Pnu«e de Lord' 
ing on their Upfli the brolcen obain, — all so 
with life, UiJliog in tlio very pueirj of «tone the 
of the last ten years. And wbeu it u remem' 
created ihli gmtip, Jtn lulded interest ii given 
Vho threw BO much exprauioD into thoae 
What well'lcnown soulptai arrangnl wtifa en 
gnee those Bpeakitig fonni? Will any one 
waa tlie miall hand of a girl that wrou^'ht the 




WOHKM AKT18TS. 



297 



lat UufM t1i« Ught vritbiD it? — & girl at dusky line, 

lEuIbti anil ATni^ao, wlio uot.nwro thiM oight 

tip A»t iloti^ oil llii? sTcp^i of tbe C^ly If aII to eut 

dfx ciftckcn witli wlilcli aluiiD btr ciapty puriw 

trad kcr to saU&fjr her hunger ; but u «bc sni juid 

lAn^ cf h«r dc«'l brother. £>f h^r homoIeM M»to, 

icAios caugfit iicr cv€» tho lion^cr of tho eUrnudi 

I, bat UiL« Imn^r of ike soul bcf^mi. Tbat qukt 

lUivof tbo good oM Fntdclin bad touched ib6 6!o«trio 

an<l kin(]le<l the latent genius which vraa etn 

witMD her, as her ovn group wia in tho marblo, 

hrckisd btocigbt k ont. For weeks she haunted 

ifot and the Suco Homo, whmr* sh^ could me 

fmbiiwgUm and Wdut4>r. Sbo ajtVifd i|uectionii, and 

that But^b Uitn^ were EIreL mudo Jn clay. She 

I lana|) of hafd mud. »WpGd h«r Momr ntiukn, and, 

lii^rt dJvide^I Ij^ftTeen act aod th« terrible siru^lo 

fmdooa, which ba4 jiut received tho seal of Col, 

r> hlnwU vht nrought out. from [iboto^apbs and 

Innwn klciU. an admirable biiat of biuif Teiib made 

'1U Qime Elf EdmcD^a I^wca kaotpn in Boiton, The 

ufaovu vrnif cm tht5 fft^pe of City Hall hod, in a few 

l^rfiirt mcDthA, bccomv an objoct of intcicet to a largo 

jfLdf uf thoee most anzioi» about the great probkn of 

iWrdojimcnt of too colond race in tbdr new 



" Te next hear i^f EdmoniA in Kome* where her p«r- 
ire, Imiir ' '■■ix, jiod njrr/i/ miido Her warm 

iisd*. MUft 1 Cushm^D fti]d Misa Hoamer 

^ivaL inter^t in livr. fTi;r HLtidio Wait vbtidfd i>y 
AUangers. who looked upon Lbe creations of tbU 
nitufht Biaidon e» oMu^'eUo-ja. t^bo tnoilcLkd tbero 
*Tk FVeMlwoinan on VinX XJeariuf; of Iter LilMrty/ of 
eUth it u aoitti ' It tolla with mncb oloqncQCo a pam5il 



2W 



WOJUQff or TUC Cr-XTUBT. 




aUiry.' Ko oao can deaj UiAi she ha« 
hcxMlT in KQulpLikre ; not, perfaaj^ In lIm bigbttt fpli 
but in a looft natural and pleuing foniu Sii Mat3 
■go tbo iraif returDcd to bcrown oouDlry* to tUt^i 
0(810 on th€ etcps of the Ci^- Hall, jiut to rcioD t] 
* tiMa/ukd contractu with Uw* now/ 'Tli«ii/bvn 
beart-vedOT, no pUm for tbe future, '^ow/ th« In^ 
of tbe soul satisfied ; &9e<lont to do, to RchtOTO, vta % 
btr ovrn band ; fHondu goinud ; ihe wurtd Ui a^aiiq 
She brought with lier to Ma ootintry a boflt of -o«| 
poat, aiid lo brt aii9 i)f tJic* bi<Ht cvnr Ltkiin* ft \wm but 
propoaud by eoine of Longfellow's fiienda to kave it pi 
in marble, for IJamird- It would be a 1>cautifttl tluagfa 
tbat tlifi author of * UlxwitUta ' should bo flmbvliDcd 1 
flftoai^ by a defendant from MiDuchabo, Aad oortiiol 
nothing can bo moro appropriate thaa the prwe&trto 
to Rcv> Mr Grimoft, tbo untiring frit:nd of hia raoti tfa 
indomitabk worker, the darttast preft«her, of tbk m^ 
work* ' Forovar Ftco/ uniting graoo and aaDtuaaoti tU 
offering of an cathmdaitio aoul, vho oooaecratai bi 
geniua to tniib atwt beauty/* 

AxxM. WtiiXNBr of Manaehnsetts baa won an ii 
viable plaoo among women nrtiati- Her oativa SsiU 
lifLH titf^ly urrVri^d of hnr a itlalaA uf SarnunJ AdaCB>lil{ 
tbe national L-ollirclion at Waaliiiigtuui of wliich **TU 
DosUk: Joumul " Him Tipcaka: — 

«' The sUtue of Samuel Adama by Miaa Annie IVlhi 
ncy bcLs jc«t been received &om It«lyt aud is novaf 
exhibittou in tbo Teatibule of Ihe Boolon Atbeond 
prcliiitinary to ita reaM>val to Waahington, it baTV) 
been accepted by the OonuniMion. It ia a work vtiid 
cannot fail to command almoat unireraal admtntiai 
Tbc f>ct4 uf the figure is simples dignified, and mna]} 
He sUndaviih folded anas, a figure full of power. Tli 




WOMIDf AJtTiSie. 



209 



lad tni bc< Ai« fine, «x[ircMdva of th« rapublioon 

TBtiGavbdcH trpr« thp prmtiiinent xnlu of ih« dutr- 

KtM of SftXuutd AilAtsw, Tbn milim tmjmrwdnn at the 

[jliliv flimngljr rominds one of wlutt Jolm Acliiina sajrl 

rffw 'duiL upon ^Tcnt ocoOKioiut, vrlH-fi liU dn'pcr 

fce&i^ were excited* Uo orectcd liimsclf. or rftUier 

HitscMomrd to pn:rt bim, without ttiv AniAUwtojiDp- 

HadtffeotAtioii, into aa upv^bt di|^^ of flf^un u^ 

ivmrv vhicb iDftdt ft strong impTMsioD on spr cuton/ 

■■It bortowi aflUung itom drapery: tJiere U neitbfir 

CU nor mantle, only ih& stuAll-clotlio^f tbe long 

jmcocol, and tho ktnught-brvoAUd, boud*nlcUt<M| ooat* 

rUfhwfts tb^ simple drees of the timo. Tho h«ir li 

IniM liook fmtn Uii^ fnmlii*4d, iind tied id a f|ii«iia 

li^inL Tlie first 'im|jre<«iori ono ge^a of tbe statao ia 

kipim) nimpliiiLy, dignity, tani i^ivrttr. 

"It » mouDted upon a plaiD pedestal, eome cbAOgca 

vtidi BTo, bowcTiir, jri to be nude. It U mAcnbcd 

I bUd, 'Nigbi Id ftpproochji^f. An tmm«diato 

It axp«otod. Uotb rc^mentti or nono. March 

ITTQ!' and oB Um oUier> ' rtofiontdd hf MaMachta- 

iSl^ ; ' while it hwi% on tiio frrmt id rdjied leftteit 

'iia|*le namo, * Sunael Ad&ms/ 

Aj a wbnlo, it is a worthy cieDiorial of ono of tht 

lUiit of Maanchiuetts' patriots, atu) od« of the wlaosc 

tl« fri«ti<U of iIiiT KcpnVUc.'* 

OlIiEr artislfl Ui«re hre« some ft( wLomare liere liriel^y 

^tinned, thuu^h tLev descrro mucb moro: BahAH 

TvLuatf vchti b a Qiui engraver pn wood alfto, atid 

medal from tUe Vieima ExpositioD for her 

■work ; AUCB Roio-Ery, wbo has prepared 

leaodlflUl elemeotarj- wotk on " 111 omiua lion,'* and U 

Itaa of the I«adiuti' Art AMOciatiou of Now York, 

actiro and enccoisaCul in rannj departmenta of art ; 



800 



wouEN or TMfc cvrrcrBT. 



lit^-hlj jn^aod aa n 5cu]ptor« and doubtkne 
Cciuuru for fftLlurcA, ftud mojc pnUo for Uic ttsoll; 
work Uic Httlo ^om&n Iiaa dono and b 

^lAKOAftlriA WlLLETTS ilAaftUjX. WbOM 

trsiu are exoeeduiftly 6ne, and vbo ia ft 
toaclier of drairiiig in tb« publio schooU of Jei 
JojLKb^a Qoikeb, who never modellwl till nft^l 
foit^i ukI tliDn nudo ezcttUitiU ImuU of Robert 
toulf Protbinghaiu Uie wtbii and otben, wliidi 
ConkDiemled lo "'ITi* Nortb Arawican lUimw/' 
bingtu^thicid rtk«tdt uf lier !>/ tJie writer of Hut mjI 
may hti found pnbliskod lo tbo '* Ilutorical Col 
of Ihe B»«x Iu?ititut« (voL xiL, |jart U JftoiuLrj, ISTI 
Bbo vae a nacivo of BcYCtlj, Mam,, bcm Aag. S, 
i;^; died in 1369, La Ljnn, Ma«. Sbewwftwo^ 
worthy of tliia coDturj ; a &i«bd to tempcmBcc, holQ 
oflk&al |KisLtio& to ttLo Order of Good TempUa^qd 
eror ready for any beoorolent wofk. Mim A. 
Sawtsr of Botttom U a Gnyoa aiiUt of mora 
ordinary aUIity. AiDOBg b&t works which bar^ 
fcunoUA KT9 "TIm £opty 51«uvo," **Tho RctUr 
aimI "Only a Uttlo Drook." Sakau ttA^aoH 
Sakah p. AimcA urn arti«ta of mtulity, wortbj 
more liuko tliu brief ueotjou. But Lfaer« 
only for otift laarc njune, and ibnl a famOiar 
IcUil.H of wkM0 career hAvo bden ofteu pufal 
iiay be fouod in '' UmiucDl WooaoD of ibo Age.'*. 
aIko in '^WsKnoo Aittvtis.'* TLit woman's tu 
Haiuiikt [I06XBB1 vlioao Eaiac wiJJ never dJo &01 
native laoil, wbtio her ncny pnnka In Wj 
Uaaa*, hor early home^ are aiM roakfaabcrcd as an 
neat of the btare epdht which »trug!gled for aA ad| 
UoD in anatomy needful for a MuJxitor, She 



WOUCH AATiATS. 



SOL 



Hide good lufi of til b«r iDowledf^e. GCbaoD*! 

lot •cot fonh from hor Niudio in Homo sUttioo 

ooan^Dd ujaiT«r»^ adnairutiofi, aDd have made hot 

I'Beurlue** liuO "Zt.^iJo:tta" al-b iii>l e%4iij/ rVirgoU«D- 
if itDl m RuRir* linivvrlj vri>rkiiig otii licritEtttiny ojt 
vutpU'r Aui) n nutiuii. It w&fl the writer's privilege 
tml bci ftt llic JtoL'kUiMil lloruc in ItS^t^, on Kad- 
Beacb. SIid bad tliat mcrniug ILnleuud to ay 
from the worda, "J shall be eataafied wboa 1 
ID Vhy likuntcs;" in vliioli, all unoOBadoua 
bci praAeDc«> I bad iilu^tnited my ihemd by a T«f- 
to th& stnij^lM of Brti>iu ur.d sUidcnttf, and 
»kfacUori oi ottaliimeDt after toQ. A fevr 
iftar I roooiriHl a uoU* fiom her, in wluch Hhe 
ntde jrnnU at chetit for wo3ia[i. Reft'itin^ to ilie 
«»fiiatioD of It<^v. Wntijun Garri^^ira Ilivikrll at Mar^ 
hkbmil, MuNH^ in which Rev. 01_vu);ria Diowu aihl 
mjitd vera to take piiu she fiaiJ* '* On MoDd/ij 1 niw 
4 >Dtie« of tlio ceremony vhlch waa to take place >'ee- 
IcdiT. and I ofilj' vrUhed thiit ciKumstaaccft hod 
ftrwil m; being prcAcnt ; and, whtlo readiuj;, I could 
b4t thiuk vhoi a country mJno iu for womcnl 
«*Torj womaa bme a cliaiK'C« if nhe b Wid eDough 
tnil hetvdf of it; a&d I &m proud of every woman 
b hold QDOogh. I hunur uwij woman who baa 
wottgh to itep out of the t-eaien path when 
di Mt tha£ her w^k licii tn aaoth^r ; strength eouugb 
up to Tve laughed at. If net^essary. That is a 
1[ ve mnst all swallow in Uio bt-j^inning; hut 
tliM« pllln na toniea quite eewenUal Co ooe'a 
«alvaUon. Tbat inTigomtor whs adniiabiUtrcd 
plentifully by book* of my brolbcr artlvte oa 
■T arrlra] iu Runie; but when the learned doctma 



S4>2 



woUE!ff uF TUH cjorrntY. 



chuigcd t^i«ir treftUn^U and decJired tbsl 1 did lut 
my own work, I f«lt thjit 1 nitut bftv* tsu/l* 
progTMi In m^ nH; otbervLM tli^y wootd tl^i 
been bo r^ady lo atlributs thnt w^rlt to otio of 
own )i«i. Yoii have tlin advaoUgo tl«re ; tor cu 
t!«n Hhv j'i>u do not preacb your oim fioimoiu. Iht 
a few mor« yeare it will Dot bo Uiou^bl rtntixv 
vomcn AbonLd be prcachcni and Msolptorn, aod 
one wbd cooios aft^r ca will Iutv« to Iniitr f«vr«T 
fovcr blows. Therefore I mj, 1 bonor ^ thoiv 
etop boldly forward, and, Id epit« of ridicule mnd 
Qtsnii pAT« a bn»d«T wny for tho women of tlio 
g«n«ralioQ/' 

The work which Mies Hosmcr bM aoccmipItib«A 
Mimj^ly mnrTelloniL Her "Puck," "Slwrping Fawn^] 
*' Waking Pawn," tind aiontim«iil4i to hfrntiia An4 
rm, twpfNriiilly hrr bnifiT;*! gaUu f^r Earl Brow&low, 
long k«op bar i:)eniory green. HcVi U* B. 
writo t1jQ»: " Ilrr ntijdio In Ute VU Mnrf^utlA ti 
to he itadf a work of atU and tbe tuoAt ticmQIU 
RookCi if not in Itnly- The entrance m nude a 
with Aoveis and birda. In the ce4itr« of tbe 
room fftandv ■ Tfao Fotintoin of Siren.* Kach rooa 4f 
aeri« ooothins eoino work of art, bangmj- liukets, 
flonJ dccoimtioDs. Her own apartment, in vliiob 
borwU irorks, diBplaji het early ta^tov in Sovm 
broken relics of art, with coKoetiDiu of minenU, dnv* 
ir^, and rare booka. A lady wriiea for the u«? r,' ^V- 
sketch ! *Sb6 5upcrinicncl« tho work h€m1f,Ai 
wit^d tlko cbiiwl mora adroitly than any practUed volt- ^ 
tiuo- Til l\\l» 8be baa tbsadrADUge; for many aitilll 
can only draigr, and ignore ilio jiractloal wq^b^ 
of Hiea ideaa, wluob, left to a mecliaokal Lutv, ufida 
InTe tu an inoxprcssiblc dUBotUTaction, while adianiai 



^ 



— ^ '- 




WOUKS ABTTATSL 



803 



. . . Mixs litis in i^-rV g^fihis h Dot llm- 

[ttore. Tbei*f ft:e ihiw* uho Ix-liovf, Umt, 

cboncn Uic pursuit of kttiTrf, iilio wi)ii!<l linve 

I aucb in Ht«r«tu» as nbe does in fill, — tluit 

bare vrklcled tbe pen with as mnch skiU and 

» iJiG doea the chiad of lb4 atahurr. Bvidenc«» 

Iki) bTc Toiiml in her corTef|iondciicc Mic has pob- 

i le^utif >ii |>OGm, iIedi«Ate<I to Lafl^ Maria Alford 

EjtfUtrfl. »nd a well-nrirten article in * The AU^nti^ 

' on lh<i'Proc«ia of A*ulf>turr,' iwr*iMO:ttiiM 

[ibQoaophical m Ita Uvatineajt of th« sulij^ct In h' 

iiUfeodx wont«n arti»t9t ngainst thn iini'^^uifThnii-ntM nf 

clinptrr ciid% hat cotild not giv« iIm fong Jist 

l^e women vrho ]:are manifested abiUly in att. 

adopUoa of dmirisg aen public-schoot studj vrUl 

u ytt tiKjrti anista fmm among the bnght jcirlt^ 

ttt atoond ccntur;^, Ui emulate Ui€ vomcn of tJ» 



If Alobtt, BMDtlonad abon, married U. Xerik«r. 
£•(1 abrnaJ, leaTtag iri tofanL cliild- 

Foley u tanm Iccnvin b^v hi't vrnmlprini wlntiie 

*Jtttuiiab»" And Ui«r nofk» of Uie Bcu]}>Mr'8 art lu 

when aImt »{}«nt maity ^leart. Sbe w» epeodlciir 

KtmiBor in Ui« Tyrol tritb her (ri«rd^ tbc <Uugbt«fa 

[WUIiiua ftod Marr Hovrittt itTid di«l fiuidonly thvrc. 

Ithin a short tim^ a ecIiooI biu bpc^n Mtabluh^ in 

York, for U^aobiriff woineii l\m art of d^gnitig for 

Misft n^n^r>ce R. Ckiuniore, dangLtnt cf Dr. Adha 
Prtucb, 10 ocir of thn iDstnjctors. Tba ochoot m in 
M op«rali<ii- 

*• Pbroiu^lotckii Joontal" layi; *^Mb9. Floe^ 
E. Cony, of Xaw York, k Qr«diiad vUh rraidviog 




VOilKX OF rnE CEh'TDUT, 



f J,000 n. year for designs f'>r CArpets. Sb^ very BptfT 
SLiys tbiLt tliL^i^ U a widd deld in lliia dlfeou'on (or ^ 
employment of wom.in a Uate and skill. 3h« make* j, 
lugns for v:iTL»us liou^^ed In New Ymk aud PblLuJ' -yni* 
niid ia pHtd according to tliL'Li -iilUk\" 





rnrn^r* — Anns IL iHctifl^on — -ihbf Ki^ilVf Fbtui — 






■■^ilU Uvli Wt wkI trMil, tup iwt 1 



!Y A. LIVBRMORC slan<Uat the li'riul of tb« 
(uueu leotitrrr^ of Uis wntlJ, Iti tmUi. ihctt 
f of boUi scxcfi in our IadcI vfho vaxM not 
an Imlunt lo ikdATft tUt no mam caa hoM aui 
M eIic cun, and £timlo one wich \Uo cDniltiua- 
hllAet«ririUct u a xpoalcer, tbat \x.\ve be«u seen 
E6tB of any land boforo. Tho weight of 




80fi 



vrouii;^ OF TUB caxniRT. 



her logic, the AtorcUnuM of focU dutplajiiig k 
louR invuuor^, thcFfarkle of hor humor, tbo [>o 

Pfttho*, tll« magic fjf lux 10n», llfT ^r^\TtOS«MS^ 

danacc her nxngoetic inlluccicfi, all combuw t 
ber, u a lecturer tod iroaxan, a nwrrel of I 
This » Um) IftQgnage of sober coDvictioiit oot of 
at prAferenc^ It is not eulogy nor poDc^jiio 
but BolctDu trulb ; and a eeoso of da?oat tbaal 
for micli a ehampioii of truth dwcUi is 
wbile tbo prayer goes up trcm East and 
Hortli asd Soatb, vbwrror trns, culturvd C 
vomsn dwem ''God bless and ks«p long ici 
tur«-£elil tliftt advocaio of right thinkiDgand f 
ing, ^ 3bTvy Ashton Llvennore." Sho was bom 
ton, Dec. 19, 1821; was «ariy a teacher, liavil 
a pupil libbu in ihn CharWlovro Female Ssi 
taught afterwards aa a govoroem at the SoutK, 
a school at Daicbary, whero cho first met Bov. 
P. liTfinDorc, h«r huAband, aod tlirougb Us 
tioiks bccamo a partaker in bbcral nrligious w 
aft^mrard roodored efficient aid to Lho tJnivsrBi 
nomination, aud to ChiisUaiis goacralty* sa a 
«ditor of hiM paper, ''The Nov CovooaaU'* ^' 
diee' Repository '' for January, l&6^ oontaiiu abi 
ioal ckotch cf tlii^ temorkablo vromui of 
tuiy, written by Rev. J. S. Dennlfi, who, 
of ber foithrul i»crvic« in the war as an angsl 
In camp and liotijiltal. adda, "^ Through bar 
!nf1n«nr«t miinly, f^n SHnitary Fabv ver« inaa 
from wfaicli alone near!/ half a million dol 
clsarsct" Inhere it a sketch of bf^r work In 
"WoGwn of tbe Civil War : *' biu a full sUtmso 
bkdufitry and genins and inilueace hu uoTer y 
made* In tho ** Watchman and Reflector' nf 



wouc^ UKrruREBa. 



•m 



i 4 sVctch b^ Viipnin P. Town&end (bersirif a 
ofgT^iU &l>iliiY\ uliklit &4 a jrraplklo picture of 
u looiarfiT jwd her p]c«6&iit hom« sunoiuul- 
» been wuml7 trelcooied. It is eDtiUed,-* 

lOItT AT Tim nOMB OP UABr A. LITXElMOklL 

dJkmoV Blioatcd the oonduclor. Ixr^ oQt on 
itarm in a moment, with thd rost of the hni&Au 
IS stanog curiouftSf up und dotrii dio (Quaint oM 
rUch ttrilc«t one At f&ret (iglit as coinfortAbly 
Jts ttee anil thv vroM at Urge 1» a ptsK?«ftil, Rip* 
bIcU Mit of atmosphere. Helrosd, how«reTt is 
nn tsQes from Bof^ton^ anrl, ilctcj^tii LImi air of 
uppclalalUjr with wHjl'U it cuufruiilfi a h^(«iig«r, 
no io for ibi ahant in tho seasoning of AUiu 
ilmiht, grt In ih^ lu^art of iu ij) vretl Ciuc* 
bettstes and iadjc-iii±m< It vaa tho lato 
of oiM> of lli09c Jtino dnytf Lowell aniigs 
fclicitnuHl;, wbdi [ made my way ;hroi:gh tlio 
of the pltiuant. drruiiy old alre^t lo tho bomc 
bou threshold I vaa now to pa'^ for the flret 



poetio iutuhtDo wu on leftvcs and Bowen: 

hnabeii of windji anong Iociku and mapUst, 

«WMt tmttirr of mhiiui through the stlllawfl, 

my?«lf at the hottsiv wh^ro I tiv to 

iL A qul«L, urprct<*iiding New Eugland 

id Iwfore me. flnislied up in hrown. «tcti to' 

iJA, a vPTnnita lu^rrHUi Uu- froiiU and June rciheo 

g1e« iOid riot of bI<wsomi«ig, — lii« exttcmo 

Ey of tli« ivhotc in Bur hanuony with the old 

d ifc^ shadowy Attcet. cw-n though the prcawl* 

tUy hf^re wa^ itii? «tTon^» ramcnt, intont ^ul of 

Llvt^fntom. 1 mayftA well say at thi? point 



olO 



VOMftX or tiue CKSTUBT. 



thAtt measured bj hours ukI mtdmaiTB, «t 
mo«L ftUraDgers to oaoh other. A brief raoetiDi^ 
a ktter sent eoq wben the be&rt of the vnMi 
irhito iM'at wiUi Uio work iwd the glory of th« 
Simitftr/ Fuir. conipHwd our personal mnjaaiouiMt;' 
ditfi|i[tn UitM faf-t^ I w>M GvrrtAin that hnsitngi aadi 
would meet to-ut^'Ut iiul tm »Uaugiw do. If ai 
not fcvl uL Louo with tho ftnl glance al Lbo 
is ceruiii to the mDineaL hn is acroaa Uio t1 

'* llic |>ar]or nliicb received me waa a placo t«i 
ia f or a daj, wUb piciuitd aad eD^Tii:;j:9,-u)d 
bnckcta tbat gavo color and ^raco aod a 
tio eGToofi to the whole room, while that oubUo 
of a reel home atSDOflphcn brooded over all. I 
peeled to find in Mrs. Livermoro a good 
lodeedt come to ihink of it^ I nerer Icaow a 
Toman, id the highest sense of tbo word, who 
prove henelf lu her own home a caiiabla 
'mimager;' and, haTing been m more than 
tiwM bomoi, I am, deNpIto the traditional bhie 
ing, entitled u> apeak «r eoCWr^ cm Ciiis 
own room, too, wIutq I vent Into it, proved 
' piuk easftDce ' of order aud oomfori, vrith piol 
btackote i^n, and delicate tittle artutiii 
ever^frhere. I sat down by the window, too 
for any tlii&g but watching the i>unahine m the 
and loGuat ttcea outeidoi and waited, but 
Tbeno waa a rap at the door, — no soft, appealing 
of fiageri, bnt prompt, etrcn^t d^ci^ve; and, 
op, 1 cool^Dtod Mrs, LiTormore* She baa a 
cifiedf n^atronly preeoncOt an earnest, iiktent, 
^oe,witb a smile that oomea suddenly and 
thif gravity vith a sweet arobnees, with a voi«» 
a dear, ringing hdpfblnc«H aud decision : and 



woHxiQ ijMTrrnKjifl. 



zn 



\m$ of bflT the ttoro y<m ittow iDto a ttcofic of bor 

fijreo ujd h<ir woculfirful wAgiwtio poweri aud 

ili€b(] what a shrevd pliy^Jcifm meant whon hn 

^TIlo L41KI nuulo jDU i:p, hix^. IJvenDorv, to do a 

fth of wi»rk lu tltla world/ ■ I «boiild h%ve como 

la At Lvmui/ nhr Niti!, vHth (ittr oonlinl vnrmtii of 

Aful matuitfr; 'but my Iuj^ImltuIV cungn^tion 

;kjua gttTO us a rtceptioo je^teidfty, and tlua 

1 tra» oliUged to Hike the Mx*o'(;lui:ik truu into 

to wo to the getufig out of the paper; bo< 

I leanwd you ivc-tc ccmiiig, 1 primed mj'sulf 

a cmrple of houn* f locp/ Wo took our sapper 

to^llscr that tiigbL A Aitvcr jCTobkt 5tood at 

']il»co; fti>d wKen I had t^k^n my ^xvl drsugbc Mra. 

tor* rcmurk^d, ■ Ttui goliltit wa4 givtD mo hy 

flpldwra St the Chicago Saoiuxy Fair.' Perhaps I 

QtuutiaUj ihUvty tJttt oSght : at auj- lute, it mxjmod 

■s I drained iho gobleti that do water bad ev«r 

WD HffWfL TImt Mlvirr wftM Kimpbi viinugb, with 

ood Idtifi iD!H:ripliai:H; Imi it fl|>oke to mo 

j(miti«jii tbrough da\-a mid nighta in *inud- 

,* over the wid;;, louelj pbiiiis of Uie Nm-l)i* 

t of bnideiu \iudrT vrbicb a strong maa mtgbF; 

lava faltered, t^igelber with coLn, uiiilii>cbiiig 

;e ; of wounded men in 'Ircarjr hospitaia, Maruog 

Bound of Lbo dt^ur, belpful rokct and ^lanouig 

Lh t^arfol joy as that woman'd shadow fdl into 

pain and loudiuc^a. 

rfor« wo hfrd tinifibed our supper, Mr. LivartDoro 
,^a fino-Lookinti, mLhcr portly g«nL)«maD» who 
has a rclifih for n joke, and a profoUDd faith 
ta Inokm^ od xh*i bngbivAt tAde of tiungs. Ho 
Lliideil mit of wme jolly EoglUb squire, who would 
riding Ut covrr tn tho dmr uul sanidiino of an 




813t 



WOUIIX or TUB CEStTOttT, 



amumD n>oniiDg, aiul ffpurrtng cm hon^ uid liotiml b 
tho cbftso with Ili« bruvot ; btit lit U In redrlt Ihi 
pafttor of n fTii1vcr»ali^v cLurcb st Hbi^hfttai- ^W* 
excliaiig« vTorks 0oiDCtiau»i* said biA wife, wiiL % 
Utigli. ^ Wheu Utc-re b a hit^fa [irrwui« uf bimnefl tm 
mCt lie oljligingly spatcA i&« the ttoubl« of irritii - l. 
ecliLorUl; aDd,in him, 1 occ««ionAlly prc*cL for . 
OespiM Uto Appalliiig Cict iluc Kb wife U «n ri' i 
loctQrcr, nn oc4NUf)OT^n1 prr^aclicr. uwl a IomIct u Ik 
Womao's Riglita moTtmcot, nobody eod&g ihea hM 
an bour to^Uicr couhl doubt that the IliugbuD ^mfm 
waA a proud and bappy boaband. 

^AfUr supper we vront ov«r tbo botiat: anJ Mr^ 
LiYCTTooTe took me iato bar aaQctura, a qtitH ' 
nook, and a^ ortl^r^y as Sir Walter Scon'a bVnfj i* 
Abbobford- From t)io back wli>di>wi. tbo idjrl of 3t& 
LJverntore't bouie LmisC vudd^Tjy opon cw in ibe 
iif 'Oi')'yl>i1 I,nkr%^ II drlLtTioiiA lilttn i^bwt rif walir 
vrhobe alioraa bej bouse atandf. It wm juHt at <i 
ADil t}w windft w«rc out, atid Ibtrrc ww a very 
of hpTCT wAVi^o aJoDg tbe bank^, an 1 Stvi oait);Iit 
of tin; Lttlc Uko betwoun itA low-h iiig Ehonn. I] 
too, lujh diutit> litllu row-boat, ju.'^t fittid for Hit 
fitrcam it wa« to oavieatc 

"Rut the croam of tbo otwng wMjret to tc\ 
At last we won^ qLiietly acttlod down la Mnt* 
moro's ows loom^ for tbo ' talk ' wo liad \roen mt 
prooiiflbjf ouTselTca, It vaa a talk. vrUii^t fol 
law, gUncoda]] over Alnt, Ltronnoro^A Hfo, Tbt 
niatroa was again a cbild, ^iUi Cop|)'i QIU Ci 
(or hor pUy|*Tound« and ui'.hotit a fo^r of ibe qi 
iloapom uiiilrr lier nmtttuK nfiort- Sbo drrv lit 
a wild, Impetnooa, ov«r6owiiig ' irtmbojr ' of a 
brimmuig wilii ftm and miichiof; Iba atcoDg, 



au 



1|-(4i£K or TVK CEKTtlilT 



hungT}- gT«6d of knowledge, with ber Awlft' 
topbifltnea, but with tho wium, gcaivroui hnul, a 
ftteadlifd vhh Uie gvUt^Hu^ yaari, u Nwift stul 
now u m t]K«o old ilaya when it dnnord in 
buijing-^riHiml, atiil mut Uio lOimmjHtiii iif all Um 
ucgleclcd childreu* 

'^'^^Tbcn wc wcro nuiiod,* aakI Mn* liTi 
witb that lioaior whoM onrreut pUjra ad<I i|i 
Uirougb ftll tho euncatncst o( her Uitk, 'cmr 
ooosi^d of books. I did oil my own work, 
tnd nude mj hOBbuKl's coAla nbd pants. Thort 
kind of hoiuewbrk wiUi which I un ool 
dofy onylMidy to rivAl mo in ikat Uoo. Mj 
my olo«eu. mj wboI« bouw, aro aJw«jv frco forii 
taon.' 

*' It Efl mnrvclloiu, wben yoq oom« to think ofil 
imotmt of mental and pU^cftl itnio wkSoh 
n-ntnmn mjuiagm to undsr^. TheT« iji tbt 
wesr Rod tear of nerTO aud bnio. Fbr tbn* 
R timo, daring the lecturo mwkid, ihe amim 
ha» ]>nt Rlepl oii a bol, exoe]>t Btich poor pmWtal 
otui 05 loTiiigas on ctn and ateombcAta affu 
duiiiig tho summer korongsgcsDonta an» ao 
tliAt t^ eveu&ff I pnased with bei waa tb« k>1II 
ihd could oomnMuid for tbt ensuing month, 
to apeak in n few dajra in Clinton, N.V., and to 
before the graduating eloaa of tho divini^icbool S 
Canton ; this being the fint time in Cbo 
Amencan infltitotions that auoh an honor 
awarded to a woman. Add to th&a h«r eonatant 
ingt her dntaea aa chief editzeaa of the * Womait^ 
nal,* the letl«rt that muat be anawered, the 
mROUMripis tJiat muvt be waded through* One 
help aTmpathtuBg with the eeatiment of the 



----^ 



^« 



woMK> or tuK cfijrroKtp 



and nftv in a panic th^y n]«lieil mmoD)^ tht 
gers abnuiing, * Uoat's afire ! SJie uril] go IiIm thdcrl 
fifteen tBinutetf.' Or aiunte 6 Utribltf wifbQ rarai^ 
III tbi> gala and in Itie ilarkiicns with ihs rircr i| 
AooJ-Ci(li% Ihcf ct; of ibft ctrw vast (inly too trnv,* 
U»f ^k'ame^ vtm icUi&Uy uri fire. Tlic tnm 
wliiic iritb feu; Uie womtB ^Krieked and faintMl 
cLU'lrcn i»olibe<l. lu tli« inidrtt <if all liua clnnor 
wotium stood qnito c*lm. * I vn^ uncoQAcioofl*' 
Mm. Livermrrvt 'of ft UiriU of fe«r. I luJ t 
conviction that I ehonJd Dt^t bo drowii«>d.' She qi 
d&iwnpigtd bentcif froo) her boavief(t wiuppii)^ m 
the vrotftt BhoiUd come. A mu^rk Tvliich idie 
hfftitl A littJo whilo WfoTv cnno back in tbftt 
of peril. -Whoever faJU into Um Mfavcmd wffi 
otttjr 1^ drowned, but buriod/ She looked at the 
siroUen mmm of waien. anil reeolved that, Ood 
her, if %\%e fnimd hvtwif in the midat* ev^n ih«D 
vottld not dvHpair, abe would noL low her prnwarf of 
minJ, liut Wd herself up iw \)€^i «he ooukl, uid ootge 
doiTQ to bo huned in tho mud cif the Mimioiiii. 

** But Uial wonderful coumt^ waa not pul to the 
tcttt: th« fire vru citin^i];.<<lird, tho steamer 01 
tike gal«, aiid« when it jreachcd Ute shore, the taeo 
crcd with loud pimiees about the woman who 
cnrnt^'l hf^rvcU t^o bravely throogh the p«riL 

■* Hut for her, fihe went straight t^ tbo hall, and 
Ixiitd to a crowd iJiat ev^utnj^. That nt^hu hi 
dt the hntel, >[r». l^ivertnom ^runf; tip sowi Ud* 
from hot vXv<'p into Uie middle of her ehamlitr, 
out ^t!i terror that the boat was on fire. 

**Ain]d our talk t1l«n^ ahine two aontenoea 
hoet^Bs which have ixirae back to me 00 ofUrn, 
which »«fm tTCD snch duar erpOala of tmth, tt 



Uam - 

3 



SIB 



WOHKtf or TU1B CKyrasT. 



A ^kfltoh fir tirr Tij \iT%^ Stanh>», in Uiis '' RmiiMfiC 
WomfiQ of di6 Age,'* will fiSotd h Wtter o|i[«irtuiiitj 
to jiwlgo of her cfforU iwd »uc<»« Uuui Utu diq^ 
can allovr, SpacQ must be fouod for tUut tribute, I7 
Mrs. SUaton, to bcr iK>blc&«afl of booI uid Lf« : " WUk 
80 taany trtilj- gttAi voioea. of oUi^r titnott tt&d o*o* 
trios. tuiT« avred their £ur name», iLnd Uuoira it^ 
cioo on theii eex bt- viooa uid follieB, tUi noUg gid. 
tbroQgb all tcmptfttio&B tncl diHcouxttgciaeDtai luu Bib^ 
tftiAftd & pxintj, dimity, and iuoaI probity of cbitv 
t6r, that r^fleot honor on lurMlf a&d gloij od hct 
vrboU ttox/' 

Sl» waa boro in PhUadelpbia, Oot. 28, 1842, B4 
pu«nta wtTB Quak«ii^ of rafintmuit aod culd^itioa, 
aaineat in tbe^ idvooacj of freedom, and rigid eA^ 
renta to tlie Oilbr-doi Fiiends. Tbey sought Ui tnb 
Anna aiigliU and to cut1> bi<r indomitablo will,— ^ 
througb the triamph of which, Mrs. Stanton aaj«, "wt 
boaat to-d&7 that the moift popuUr Aniericui cntar 
is a vomao.'* 

" During all her ndiool-dajs ahe nsndt iritL the gnsb* 
oet avidity, cveiy book that alio oonJd obtain. Kct^- 
papeta, cpeecbes, tincta, hutory, biography. po«li3r« 
novels, and iaiiy-taJee were all alike read and KlbhJ 
For w<»ckji and monUta Co^thor, her aven^ boun {9^ 
tleep vere not five \n the twenty-four. She wonUl 
often read uotil one o'clock in the morning, a&d ihao 
aelte beraohooUbooki and team her leasons fortheaast 
tlay. She ilul notFtddyhrr lessons; for, with herr«tei»- 
tdve meiDory, wliat tdie n^ud nnoo wbm hvtm fcinrer. 
The rhymes and compooitioas she wrote in her foan; 
daya bear evjdeut marka of geuiun. When fourtcva 
jean old, sbo publiuhcd an artlde headend * Slavery,' b 
the 'liberator/ She e^ly detvnnined that aba waLit 



WOHKM or TOB CBHTCKT. 



820 



All veil uk ir Joan of Arc drow lier 1 
tim wairiort of lirr <h^y. . . . 1!it bjmiio 
domlulile will, brilllADi iniftgiii&tiuD, religiotia 
DC8H, And prophetic forcciwt pivv Imr lui utten 
no nau'a tliDugfit oould paint or inspire." ^ 

Within a short timo Uim Dicldnssn hu cb 
^tikgCi in pl&c« of the p!&tform» And hmm opp 
tereial citios as Anac JJ^loyn, in tbo pl*y ctUi 
Crown of TTiortirt," written by i>ep«lf. Bhe 
icn othftr plajrsi and will probably leake for 
uniquoplaooiA tho hbtrionio naks. Many 
cba&^ from th« rostrun to tbe bouda^ wlu 
tliink t\i^ vti] add new laurels to tbow aim 
Tho maucr U y«t trndacided; but aba will 
bent known as a loctaror, wbo«« oratory wu 
lou!*, ami wbom U:e whole uouiilry dfiligbtad to 

KuixAiiKTii K. CfitTJiCBna. U onv of U>« 
who eiil«rE;d (lie field co «qwii1c fimt un ton 
and has foimd an opportututy to plead for wo 
fmge, atJfi v&riiiia^ biAnulies of moral refons, 
quenoe and power. She has a clear \'oiGe; 
rcmurks arc pungent with wit at tiraoa, am 
logiooh and abouudinf In facta and illustjatJoi 
borne ii in VrovideDce, KJ., whoro sfaewToto 
her attraotire little roliimee. Slic in an aotire 
ot the board of diroctov? in the AssoeiatioE 
A'lvaDocment of Women; and in 1876 was 
of the Comiaittee oa fjtdnstnal Education, pr 
to the Coi>grc« n fine paper oa her report. 

]!^i)N'Ati D. Chknkv, now of Boston, Mass. 
knoivri uH a leetiirer on Yariotui themes oonnee 
art and literature Adding, lo the eultiire i 
years of study, the fini«b of foreign trsTel 

■ Endoflikt WcMiaa of iht Aik 






VOICEX IXCTUftEfifl. 



C^ 



trith great ekH|uene« ftud Jo^ooi pow«r on 

Cabouke £. EfAftTCcca. a phrsiciiui, le«Uirod in 
tootOD durift}? Septeraber, IS74f on various phraick^- 
jil DuiU<*rK, illuAtrmtiBg ber rcmiLrlu with cliarU, nmfil- 
tins> and models^ rerj snooeeufuUy. 

AJniA DiucSMOitc F]ui»ou> M.D., of Now York, die) 
die autU) ill Jt^ncj City aud elAevrbeie. II10 wHt^r 
baud ber iu Lhe TonBer ciiy^ and could but n'nh Unt 
^Ur liitelligenl-ivomHTi jn Attieru^ mhiUI llHtrn to lier 
■M expl&natiom of tbo aDatomj of lUq bumui bodj, 
B bet ftcnsiblo rcmuk^ on Ui« hy^ iciuc coiiditicQJi and 
Hb vliicfa appertAUi to **a Aooud miDd in a sound 

EuzABmn A. lu^osDUBT. bosides being a poeikal 
d&thbiU''ir to "TIjo Wooun'a Journal" aud otbct 
fel>ers, baa lectured aooeptabty od " Tlie Henulee of 
le Kinctccntii Ccnturr,'* *' A Beautiful AVoman/' and 
Tbn Law of CoinpetiKaikin." 

^Ijs. LncAX (tUe wife of Prof. Wnlter C. Ljmaa) 
K]«cCurcd frilbfQCcettNOD **yi;rvousDlBvft£e4." TliQ 
Hiaayi tbe lecture waabigbljr IntcresUngandinstrtic- 

, EuzABHTU Stuakt Piisuv (4jlsewl»ei« mentiuitrd) 
on ^ Reprawotativo ^to<lf!m Fiutioo^^in Bo»* 

> :ov, bite of tho M«> Lebanon ^liuion in 

Aflia, tectureif on the ctidtioim of lifo in Lbat £>> 

off laoil with grout auccoas. Aa editor bajs, " Mra. 

SMin told iha *tory of twenty ycam' bfo in the Hiily 

Ubit it^ tbo 001U90 of whiob occurred tbe Dni^ insur- 

I wktt of 1860. Tho «t<iry of ft mioiioiiaty'ft triald and 

r, his floouaojfla aad plee«urea, aro rudy told 




&^ 



WUVKN 0¥ TRE CSXTDBT* 



more ft|)£dly Uian L^ Mr«. D«plx»ti. Slie did jort 
sHp pttimucti lo do : naakin^ her houvn am Ui« poq^ 
of whom eho spoko, in tU iho po^oLariCac* of tbeir 
drcM. Ungun^i and custoiE5." 

Mabt S, Ct-ABK. vho bHs been a toachcr ii ^ 
omplof of thi* MnUiodj#t miftioa In MiinMipfii, !« 
kdlured in RicUmoLd, lud.» stid e]sewl&€r», oq 
thocDOB. 

Lauea Dh Force Gokdoh b nMntioned 
Wefli^m women &» a good lecturer od ** Thm W( 
Qt3»tioa from a R«lig[ou« SundpoinU" Sho b 
qanlod na a fine vrii«>r and f^&Icqt. 

HuLDA n. Jjoxitt of AUm^Um, Uaiu^ hu 
bertx-If a T&!»aMe hf^lper in reform hy faer do<]i 
Icctiinw. A Bi-rlwliuo jm[>c.- n|>cal« of her iiljit 
origtiud aitd forcible, atkd calcLkt«d la draw th« 
Attention of the audience, A GroenG«ld paper mp 
her, '' Miss Loud has oratorical ability, a porai 
voioct modwt moimor, carnevt and oonvindng prataoft* 
Ilcr language waa Clnbhod, and (tmt Irom boniatt moA 
trivialities. With more Qxperimc* she will dialiii^ttiaib 
facnelf as cue of the moat eonieet aud eSecUrt flpeak* 
ers among the adlrocat^ of the great cause of wDinan** 
en fmnehtMmuuL ' ' 

Akvib WrrntivuxTKA (iflsowbera mtotioned) 
iiirm on ** Wuniati'a Work in the CHriaUan Obi 
and Aire. Vav CcyrT« the eTnugelist (clsevbera 
liciMrtl^, <Mi -*Thn Wluecup lutd tlte AIIat.** I. 
Uav^TOX IIauus&t la a tisotqua and accepUUa 
tuuir tin ^' Woman S^CTnige." Het Lome u m Ia*a> 
wWe ahc iroA married Nor, l^ 1870; at vhkh 
one of tbc tndianapolia papers said, after 
notice of tbo brilliant eeremonj, <*In ooEoaioo 
other Uudvcm f remii^rntl^ b<^foro the pubtie,a!io haa 




VOMBK LKCTUBl 



^^ttdgod w ODO of tho«0 * drtodful AtTOng-mtDdcd 
femalce,' too adiIoiu for enffm^e and offioo to car« 
105 thing about tnatrimonr, or lluit dooc«tio ht^Aven 
which traevrom^n fire ^uppoeed to lore above ftU Uungs 
dM. ttut A woman more refined, n ith a gtutter heart, 
tf UEtds nnd lov«a more domestic, ttnn tbls same gififtl 
If), doM not liv». Her wrilingv, :liro4igh hII of which 
pemditi^ Moao of G»onl. &nd graceful di&rni of len* 
bcttf vitoMV to tUi« ; and lirr jioition in mi\tx\ 
whero she lufw orer lieeu one of sodeu'a 
aUcslfl iU Added to tins la hor wcII-kDoum 
itation to make aud halte inoK and hcUtr kiiidd of 

and cake than atr giil in tho llooaicr ^ta(o." 

MOLUC M. Cols b 0110 of tlio moat ^rac«£u] vrnUrs 

Ifcturcra on womitti eu&ngt in tho WosU Cul- 

aad «lo^u«nti plcann];; in mioiDcr and conTindng 

ucur, afae is a vaiuable addition to any oorp< of 

:a» or writan- Sh« ta of New England bulh, and 

naidaa in a lovely borne id western Ohio, with a 

vbo boUov«s in woniunV right*, and to whom 

Un. BoHd^ referred with complbnent in her artlde 

n Ure. Cole aa one of tlifj "puopW worth knciuing.*" < 

ilM. TftAcr CVTLEK (vkewbete mQntiuurd) U a 

BiMt wo<Dan and welcomo Icctnier. Tbe Grimka 

niaiti (Angdina aod Samb) and Abliy KcWy Focittrr 

:o be named among Lba most freight/ Icctuieis on 



Lilt Pecehah, awed gvl lecturer and preacher, 
gone to tho land of light and pence, leaving a 
\&t Ue»acd mecioij. 

A. Stetson* u thoa montioaed as a wotDan 
in "The Womau*e Journal," by a Wadhin^fton 
flfieipondent : ** Dignified and comxaanding in appear^ 

■ Vauaa'A Jovnal. Pm^ A, tsTO. T«l 1. Kol Ot 



"^ ^ 



S2e 



WOMKX or THS OKTiTDttl. 



«iH!P, UiU d»[|uont uranun fiiriiKtt« Umji ao hour 
counted to hvT audieuoe GonoernlDg Um 'Son! 
Biographcm of R(j)^rt Bunui,* ijiloivpenJiig her lectin* 
with apt recit&tio&A, which nho executed in an ftdmin- 
blomaontr. A 11 vrcro dehght«d and chanDed." Th 
lecturer tfl said to be of MaMftchuscila otlgm. 

Pha^oes E. W. Habpeoi is ooe of the laost doquftt 
women lE?cturcr& in tbo oountiy. Aa ono Uetciia to W 
61«ar, fttnicUTc, molodious roieoi uul follows th« dor 
of her mufuGi&l iiiMch In har lo^col preaeotatloa «|, 
truth, ho cao hat h« oharmed with her ormtof? 
rhetoric, and fo:^iyt« that abe b of Um noa ooca 
fiUvad in our land. She b ona of tha oolorad 
of wtiom irhiU woman icajr ho proud, aad to 
the oholiUonisU can |>oiiit aitd Jeclnre that a race wl 
ocKihl .-<hnvr «ucti wonwn nt^vcr uught to luivo Ijoao 
in bondage* 8hv tectur«a on UsiDiMrncee, eq\tid riglj 
tod nili^ottfl thoiaM, and baa ^wo baiaalf aU* li 
the use of the peo. 

Makia MrraEtXLLhoa lectured atSwatUuDoraCaSigi 
aod eUewhere on astronomical tfuhjaota. " Tha Atl^ 
slaTvy btondard'* in KIO epoko highly of horlccoft^ 
on **Thc Great Bear," and added tha hope thatbi 
oouna of Lectorti^ at Swatthoiora wouhi ** prove thi kt 
tiative to a broad and doreloped Bald Ibr tha excniit 
hoT talaots, and the diAujoo of her utronMudl 
UnowWge." 

Aniong thosa who bare lectnred od the 
qnmiion, miiy ho mention^l DuiiA V- StoIidjuoi 
Ma?fr»chii*fetta. a yoting woman who wva termed 
a<td pleft»ag in epeoch, by tha local pram. 
Wonun'a Joiiroal " ' thus rafera to another 
laotQicr: '' Uiai S. C. SraiOffLAHD of Vinoland. HJ 



* 0* Ave, ix tarL 



VOMRH LBCTDREBft. 



S27 



cxcellMit impreHcDn oa « Ijceum IcoUuer last 
Wlietorer A9 ^-oko tho was received with 
An, ukI mftde manj vrana frieii'la. Sho ii a 
of oducatiofi. cf indoatry, aud of idcos. Sbo 
tUmp^n with cloiimcflt uid r^n ^d etdtvoai 
eet» wiLh a Kch fund of aoecdo^cSi puogeut liu- 
i MatUof; MtfCano. llor leoturcit liitberto baro 
I ^Th9 PuHof* Health of Amon««ii WoiDdm' 
bj I Want to Vote.' Sho hu jtut C07nplot«d r 
titN, eotiUed, ' What & Womftn can IX/ Bj- 
i b ft MtwKichii^vtt^ woRK*^], And for a numbor 
» W»s m t«iclwr in the schools at SpringfleJd and 
Igv, iiml (vflrrvrnidH at Ni:*v»rtc, N^ -K For 
yeus iliH liAA t>eeu a prilMi^jhI farmer nt Vuie- 
owtug fniibi nxid vegctab1c8 on her own fimn 
Inbor of tier own ItandA* She can t«ll what a 
cnn do if anybody can. Lyceum committees 
Buro of mtidfaocion, when Min* Sukldaiid 
CD their platfomu " Thu notic<i is printed in 
% dfloerred tiibate to tho mcmoTy of ono ifho 
• puBod to tho olhar life* 

bUnil ttt>man «|H»ukar, "Mnt. S. IT. DkKbotft, 
Ly known as 'Thu Blind Autbotcaar' In oE tho 
^nonuioa fnwn tb<i diatinginxlipd Quiik^r, 
Atdrtcli. vrhij came to thi» country in ICdO* with 
Lny ui bia p^raecnted people?. 
. DaKmyfl^ th« oMeat daughtorof Ob«d A1dri<fh, 
a n litLle weat of the city of Kochetiter, hanl hy 
nmqcn iiml fAmtniH catanurt known aa Ocnown 
When n\it waj» but t1iu-ie>?n years of age her 
mune inrolvcd by iiuloraing for a ftiend, and 
^n with her tlie ftt«ni battle of hfe. 
tho thily age of liftceo yean nho conccdrcd tlto 
obtaining tl^at highLi edoizatioci for which ber 



WOUXK OF TUT fXSfTVWt, 



eonl thiratod hy teaching wiuu-fK, utd AUaodi 
l^im* Seaunaiy summon. lu Uu> way iho loil 
aeTiMi yeftn, uastered two foreigti bn^agM, <xm 
Durifts* mathemaiical couim; uicl faovilbiriu^ 
widi ucarly the wliole ciwle of modern ncieoi.'^- 

"Soon aftor leaving »chwjl. Mm. On KniyfL w» 
rial tj* a younx jilijHiuiaii of Rod>e.Ht«f, vrlio, laja 
a fftU from ft carrutge, dird on tbo OTrmt^ of 
wnliling<i&v. And tbeti i>ot quiLa a inotiLh oft 
awoke to und that the bujqi tnoont Aod eUn bad 
f^ODo doira upon her young Ufo to riao oo moco^ 
Uw idoal crtatioiu and plota of th« romuiotft 
quciiUy eurpottod by tho (tarUin; phcDomctia 
life. Bmued but not broken by tbo doablft bl 
miafortuna, Mra. DcKxoyft'a oourogo soon alupad 
ioU> Lbe resolute purpose of makii^ her ed 
aerre bar. Kinding at tba uwtitiitioa for the 
Kev Vork tbe moiuu of writing, her eloquent 
cioca vera not long making their wny into tha 
In ld50 her Antt work, * A Ptaoe in Thr Mem 
published: This fniriy tntroduoed hev to tbe li 
world ; and lo <|uotv her own wonlK^ * ludng 
spending uiimey/ «ho has vt^dted almost everr cb 
portion of thu oontSncnt* Shortly aftor the pt 
ttOn of her work, kiaTiug New York for Wtkuhx 
Mra. DoKroyft bore wi(h bor kMers from man;r 
tnoatC diitingui^hed citizens to »uob men a.i iUnry 
Senator Uoustou, Sir Henry Dolwcr, Senator Iful 
othent. Ilor dopartgro iva* tigiudiK«<I by tba 
tma^ Qotioea (rom tbe Ivadiu^ nueiropolilan |0« 
and whilo at tho Capitol K-ucb Udiaa aa Mn. Ex^ 
dent Madison, Mra. Gen. HiLQulton, Mr«. CoouD 
Shubric. Ur*^ Gnzx. Afililey, late Mrs. John J. C 
den, ^', honored ber witb their fdendahip ; and 




woMK^ rjccrcinsiLft. 



82d 



WuR^D for Cbnilctftoai in tli^ Uctor p6it of tba 
»£D4 wiuler, Pros- l^iyk>r, in « Jcttcj to ^fni- I>t>[vroyft 
mtAJilucms her to hU &i«odii in Uio Sc>uLh, e*kt, — 

** ' You oro r«coi&miMkd«d to ihcm bj ovcry circum- 

Ua&otf which can ad^l interest to nififortune; and l 

^mdly beepe^k for yoa th« fmcdlj' offices of tho pro- 

v«H>islly generoiu vul faospUab!« Gommuuity ubich 

_vDu|>ropoe0 lOYistt. Tho members of my fnmily join 

Old Ui Ixttt winhirsA fctr « pleasant Jounit;y/ 

11^ ^'SincB ihAt Limo ?kfrs., DcKioyft has been almost coq- 

^■boily ixAvclUng, owrynhcrQ hijduig coiDiiiumon wiik 

^Bfl aUcbl And bea; utiud^ of the age » and Wide tUuA 

^^rovriiig in knoiErW^ tuid culture herself, fihe hu 

^jiikuYrd by her labem one of the noblest juid moAb 

^pSfrtfaificing Ufc^irorks posablc to conceive. Mon^ 

^^rnr. do voting hur ki.fure to i^dy, nhu hu even learned 

through the cycu of aa amatiuooAiSi uid Ustotied 

CUeoo'e or&ttoii^ in tb^ir lofty or^iiuJ -, ^'huaked" 

of boolce through ihe «yes of otbeiSt written 

yet U£ij>ubltahvd ; oiLtl now, en her dntnnoe 

[■letk tbe roetnim, Hhe has troa for her oratorical powen 

fcAdto opiuiou tluit the tami practiced might enry." 

VnC V few of thoee vrho Are menli^ied iiniimg the 

prvAcbeiRi, OLVMFtA Brown, Fbcbk a. Hax* 

irOLD, Maky !L GitAVKd, aad others, ai-e Icctnicie 

iln. Mrs. Rrown hxi a line lecture on '^ KutxtA," and 

batiqwncnce there aa e speaker. Mi^ tlAtaford h^ ft 

rtore 00 '■ "Hic Wotn&n in While ; or, Mii^aret IVIlcr 

« ffttd&n, A Writer, and a I'ovcr* ' aX&o a lecCure on 

'Vvmen Soldiers i" ojlg on oppurtunitice and poeAibili- 

,Kcutled "Come and SeoT' aDdonTarLousreforma- 

'teythemat. Woracn known ftmoog refonuers and ee 

funuIiMs who leeture. Mrs Julia Wnrd llo^e le^ 

\tan <ta titeruy and ph.Qoeophle theinetf, and for 



VOUK^ OP TaK OESTCttf. 



novr Bee tb« triumph of fre^om. Bat. ta the Bnl 
rcfonocrs were not Uodo, ociUicr ircre tho Ami 
rcfoni>ere without the help -of their women relel 
AQd ftieDda tn thi» fint century of the Amerioui Ke- 
pahUe, wliieh wiUMaeed tii6 removal of ftUrory 6^ 
the hui<K And to the Utett hour of this luitio&'e 
will ihe autl'^avery reformere he Teii««led for 
Mlf^cacrifiov ami tpiH ** wh^-n <Invs vrrv ilark, 
fHdoda were fev/' Kli^alieLli Heyrick waatlwinl, 
England to pablish & protest against alaveij. 
women of Amenui wen? not far behtntl the tn^n in 
t^flting agaiaiit ^hat John Wealej tennod "thoaom 
all rillunied." Among the earliest of these was Li 
IdAitiA Child, whoso pen was fcrrid in Ha poi 
of the Tice iki>^ crime of aUTOry- Higginson's bi 
ing biogr^ioal aketcb > of this lerered woman, 
Whittter apoetropltind in tJie wonl&i '* O woman 
lOTed I *' is euffieient to affoid all oeedful knowkedjps 
present of Ifter poreonally, and can ho roadilj 
It abowa that her " Appejil for that Class of 
called Afrioans '* was &t onoe the oauM of her osi 
and her fbme. She waa oontemptaously let aiidi 
an anthor at the Scnth: sho bccamo honored isi 
fonner at Uui North. Ataong iho curly ahotitjf 
alio has a foremost place ; ainl, if her pen would 
record her remtnMoeneoa of tlioaa days, it would 
maud an army of readera. Her book waa the fini 
slavery vt^amo which appeared in America ; attd 
UiggiuMn says, "It had more fonnatire {nfluCDOl 
my mindi in that direction, than any other.*' 
" Undaunted, and perhaps ttimalat«d by 
MiB. Child followed np her self-eppointed task, 
tlie htxt year she publl.-ihed the 'Oaust' a sort of 



WOlfKN RKFORUEBfl. 



S88 



\Ytry tamuti}, — xht |»reauTH>T of Mn. CbApottii'fl 
tiljcrtjlicll* Dflaler jcara- Sbc aUo pn1>lLfihc<l. about 
ke uin« timis ad ' ADti-Sl^very Ctttecliifim,' And a 
bo^ coUcd 'Autfaeotio Anecdotes of American 
kTety/ Mn. Clutd ftlw> edited tho Aa(i-SUvi^i7 Al- 
umI in Tftriona V4V8 iisod her poo vtgorousljr m 
iv^form. She U aokuoirlcdjccd as oao of Ui« irupiiv 
B| Tork«rs- II«r &jnDT>athy vrith John Brown, and 
Wr letter to Gov. WU« iD hb behalf, tvUl Ih'clt «riuiOH« 
,1D W Fpirit w n refoCTcr. She b still enlisted in 
r«ibrTP« MxA \K\iiiv^ [n iromim > KofTnigfi with nil 
hrmiiy though Kh» i^^ rot nmnng the spcakern Id its 
.liUfl She iJutuIil liAve hnm mc^iLioattil in tl|r rIi«|H 
en lilefmiy wotntin, for &ho b a woouui worker in 
lb pBlhx of lUnminrr, mon periiApfl Lhvn Kuywhere 
ebc Her " Lctlera from Hew York/' Iiei '^Pliihn 
:te,"hn throe Tolain<» oF^'Tlio I'rogr^M of Kcli- 
(ojtA idem Uiroogh Suoce««ive A):efl4'* her " Autumiul 
Imtm," oExl tho jurcnilo works which sho wrote or 
tlw " GirU' Own Book ^' among Unem ; und her 
Bn^»Hobomok''ftnd *^The Kebeia," her " i*>ugat 
BnMWtfe," — aO these bookit proro how huxy have 
bm her hrmio And pen. «nd tbftt ehe deeervoa a pUce 
pbilAntbropbu, litemrj women, oind refomierd* 
[TW writer of ihU book fe*eb deeply indebted to her for 
IbiBptifting inClLtifuan o^ hor" ]-«iUifr« ffom New York/' 
vtrl; dAya: aud, while leiitemherin^f a ()i.*l]ghtfu1 
[Ihtt^ hritj vUiL to her in WjiyUnd, Ma»i., ^npU 
Ulgginnoii'H vrordn: " No ntnl ri<'^iii-tnrnL i-iin hido 
Wrfrom the prnyeie of tho^e who were reAdj to [i^Tinh 
;4cAthejr flr»tkDtw her: And the Iotc of thoM wLoae 
\tm the bAA enriched fitffa childhood will foUow her 
tym Ad Uitf look toward ^joset, Aod, after hei 
lii^utiDp. will keep her memory gn^n." 



m 



VOKBTI OF Tim CE^TUIKV. 



erai>r our Unit c«[itui> ; «iid linr tume will Hv« 
moro iia * IccUirrr whoae pioneer work oUirr «c«« 
l0T« to ooknoirtedpe. "Sh. Ma^ sajrs tiho '' jwrfOTsd 
rorycvrvAii iDcn^diblc amoont of Ubou llor Duuuker 
of apoaluDg, In bcr beat dajs, vfts nnguWIjr effeclin* 
Her kDowJc<3go of tlic suljoct vras complete, htt fictt 
irer« |>eHin<iiil, bcr At^mtDtd forcible, Iicr critidai 
wer« koen, bor oo&domDatioii v&s t4.-mbl0. Few «r 
our ugaitA, of ojihor ««i, did moro work whil% hfl 
6tr«Dj^ I&flted, or dnl it bott«r/'> M». SlutM 
■{lOftks of b^ tbiu: *' Abbj IMlo^* ^ p^ng Qoi 
iDado her first sp|>6amnce on the aali^laTor; 
Shfl w» t UU^ fiQO-Iookiog girl, with « Urge* 
Abqwd hewt, regul&r feattiras, cUrk hur, btoo oyfi* 
ft flweot, exprossiTQ counlenaDoo. Shft ir&s & pecstt cf 
dear moTttl pisrveplJODx, Mid drep fiwling. Sbo ^ttli 
QXtaDaporaneoiialjt alwaya well, at ti&tai wSch pot 
«1oqiJ«nc>o nnd power. . . . For a period of tliirtj jr«> 
Abbjr Kdlej bu apoken ou tbe vuhjt^ni of Ak^rmj^ 
Sbe has bVTelled up and down tbc length aad Lreidd 
of Uiia lAndf^—alikoia vrintor's cold and nuuDct'ibal 
'mid scorDt ridicule, violeoco, and mobtt ftoSCeri^ 
kmdd of fCKccnt^on, -^etiU epc«kiiig, whcAOver 
wber«T6r i^ tE*^'^^ audieu«e, in the open ebTi i 
vchoolboiue, bam, depots, chorflh, or public hall, 
weekly or SuDday, &» abe found opportanitj, II 
■3ie nuurried Supliea S. Foster; sod, booh after, 
purebaoed a farta In Worc<«ter, Maiw., whore, witb 
only dauglit^n she has lived eevenil jous In 
Having ImI licr voica bj conctimt and aavere ma. 
gave up lecturing while atill In lier prime*"* 



WaifB» BEFORKEBfl. 



886 



h SteDtoo wrot4 tbcUt the daughULt has been giudu- 

Crom VtuMT CoUcgCi ood Lho parccito h&vc bocn 

iQtod for thQ^r nofclQ adh^on lo ropublicaa idesa* 

id th«ir rofuEol to eiibmit to ^' taxatioo iritbout rcpi«- 

lUdon.'* Had M». Foster lived in the d^ya of 

rtjTfdo ia , shd would doubtlfffiA hAT« bo«Q burnt at U^e 

: as It Is, Uie imutjT apiHl abe baa exhibited 

imivm lier mnioog Ain*"rican wotncn wb^n tbwr 

(hi U) the bUloi [a Gonoeded. 

EIajUii ukI A?«Gt3.CtA OntMSi were ibo dAiig1it«rB 

a nlaTcbold^r, but fretst ibo itbiTi-M wbeu tbdy be* 

tlieira, in 18Sd, and CAme North to lecture ou tbs 

o( lilarwy. Thej wero <JtiAktn« and tin; younger 

m « natural orator. In 1S38 Angolina married Tboo- 

D, Weld; nod they resided tn New Jcncyi aod 

In Hjde Park, Ma^t for maaj je«rs, Both 

Ivnr ready irntcrv, and wrote for tJic prcM on womaD'a 

|ii|te and aldveiy, Angelina became the mother of 

daoghteraad two aooa- Tbe daughter mnrried a 

after havlDg been an efflcient aid in the 

Wemas's Jounud " offioe- 

AstaAiL HoFPKB GfBoovti, the daughter of the 
it Isaac T. Ilrfpp^r (whom memoir wu writ* 
[tmbj Mr>. L. M. Child), waioiw of Ihe uirly rrrronn- 
Mm. SUntofi ha>* of her, *' 'rbougU early married, 
•eitkc nioLbcr of seveml cliildrcn, bur life has been 
ou of coiutiuit actituy and aelf-deniAl for the public 
fML Tboee who know her beet c^d acetify to her 
■my Mti of benevolence and uerey. working alike for 
tttoiteppy ftl&Tc^ iho unfcrluuato of her own eox. the 
AiUm on RandAli'a I.-<laQd, and the frufferitig soldiere 
bvL'Ute war." 

)Utr (}tKE\y of PhiladGlphia, was ^' for thirty jeare 
«• «f tbfl abletft aod meet iiiitliful workora both in 



8» 



WOMKN or TnK CKBnTKV. 




the imU-olaverT %nA womanVrigliu c«ii3». , , 
vrometi who ilvivi>tc<l UieniHrOvrji to tJtp antii 
cftiutd iu tlift earl/ dajFa endnrdd iJie donlile ndisaa 
1>eing abr>litinii]«t». nxii * woven out of tJuur tjiWt* 
... A derical a|i|>ea] «u lasiietd, «id Aeni to 4fl Ua 
clerg7iii«D iti Now BngUod, collicg on th^ca (« d^ 
n<Hiiic« in tbeir palpit6 tluA UDWom&Dly aod u' 
tiAD proGCodiog. Sermons worv prcftch«l portaj 
in tlto iiurkc«t colon th« fcaif uL reauUs to tJbe 
the !^t«. a&tl tUo home, in thue eooouragia;; 
1o «ntcr jiubnc life. It wo* tlic O|>po«itinn f>r ibl 
dcr^j to woDQAa'A ipe&kiDf* 4ii<l rotinj^ in Oiecr tiei^ 
big*, tbftt oocoAlonod lb« firvt divUiOD in ^Tlie AiMii- 
caa Anli^lavery Sooiet_y/ " ^Vhen tliu abolitiiairii 
auri in the World'x Convention in Ixmdon, io 1^4,^ 
women delegates Troni ManacbiuvtU nntl Ptenn^lvudi 
w«ra di-rtinl a pincn. The ddogmtioii oofluldAl rf 
LucRETiA Morr^ Mabt Grkw, Abbt KncBsft, Eii» 
AACTU Nkalk, Sakao TroH, ^m Pf Dii8>lT&nift . E» 

ILT WDTStdOW, ABBY SotTTHWICK, Ultl AK^R tiHSUI 

Tuti^UPS, of UAauchusottfi, — aU worUiy vomcD d ik 
fint centtir7t o^uncizecl on tli4i ocoasioci for no fwOl tt 
tiioirs^bnt because tbo Aljxiighty choee that ihtjiMi 
be hilt dAiighten nther than \d» sons- 
Mis. Stanion eaj-B of Mrs. PhUUiw, " SUo had jvt 
retumvd from bcr bmUi) tour on tho Cuotiiical, tfi 
W9A In the zenith of her beauty. She had a pK^ 
aton of durk- brown hur, Urget loving blue fyt«,ud 
r^gnUr fsaiuree. She was tall, ^racdfiil, and ulfari 
with gtmU HiieiKy and foroe. Her irho]e bduI ftMi»4 
to be ID the pending iasue. Act vre irerv ol^oot to entM 
tbc CoovcDLioPt sbe laid hex hand laoAt Hnpbati<a]^ 
on her hujthiiUEl'fi BdiotildRr, and wd, * Kow, Woockfi, 
don't be Binimjr-&uumjr to-day, but bnive aa a ^njl 



vovb:« erfobjism. 



KTT 



to oUjed tb« tDjuncticit." Ludtm'iA Mott U 

by Vn. SUxitoti lo graceful iii«ni:c!- lUBCQig 

EmiDcmi WomcDt*^ aqcI tho rcndcra of tbis toI- 

orfccd to Toai! li«r skctdi. and tlio «utobicigni|>b- 

i«nts of Skfrs. Iktott bcrAolf. Tbo two ptone^r 

a«t hi Lositlou, uul at onco bcc«m« fH«TKbi for a 

i«, iu wen na co-ivotken in every reform. Though 

Hghlj-four, Umi Toiuo of tlio «runt!y ].^Lcrttia 

w&AgUdlj besnl at tbe Womaa'a Congren held 

OcorgDft tlftll ia Ootobrr, 1879. ?Uc« muHt bo 

heto forlcrova ''UrtLimouy" iti Te£[ud to Um 

to ivbicb aho bA» nobly dorolod her Life. '' Tbo 

condition of womea in oocieiy tatty imprtiatied 

kd. LeAmiiig, ^biie at scboot, itat the change 

t9 cddoatkm of girl» waa tbo aamo ft» tbat for boys, 

kt, vbCD iboy becamo tcacbevs, vrorDcn recearod 

M much MS mcQ for tbcir scrvioea, — the bijne- 

tUi ma BO ftpf^ATent, tbat I early T««olTc<t to 

for m^-B^lf all tlut an impditUl Creator b^ 

nL At iw&bty*dv6 yeara of age, surroutKled 

^a Ijtlto ^mily and lOAny oarv^ T felt cnllol to a 

pnUIt? li/o tit i!L*vi>lii>n to duty, and eo^aged in 

tlnJuliT in our B^idt-ty, rep<-iviug nrnry cniToiinigfu 

frfim tlioM! !ti aiilimrlly. . , > Tlie Itmiteraiioe 

early eog^od my aClcnt^n ; ocd for moro tbati 

yetm I haro ]fn>cli«e<l to(Al abslmeTice from all 

iiing dribka. lite cauM of peace has bad a 

of my cfTon?, tcadirg to ihc ultra po&>rc:tbtauco 

F,**UiuL 110 Cbtistiaa can comodteDlly upbold 

itivcly CDgfl^c in nnd stipport a govcmicvnt basod 

tvon), ornJyuiffon llia'< aa an ultiioato roaott. 

loppro^on of tbo vrockiDg cloaE^oa by extttuig 

lUo, and the lowness of vragee< often engaged 

reotkn! and I have held many meetbgG witb 



m 



VOMKK or THE CnMTtrRT. 



thenoi ftud lieurd their ftppoab with ccmpftani^u. tnd ^ 
gvcot dcoro for a indicAl obai^o ia tb« ejntcm vlfatfei 
Eiulces tbo rioli lichcr luxl tho poor irooter. Hit laA^ 
ou* ibE«ocbUon« nod coamuDitiM tocdiog to h 
«qiulitj of condition have h%d from me 4 hMfft; Gi 
speed. Hut tbo CQiliions of dowti*tnHldo&t]Ar««f&' 
land bdn^ the gT«tt«flt cufiWen, the aaort "j^l'iiw ^4 
cbuwi I huvu r<<U iKJimd to plcAd thvir auu», id to^^^ 
and ouL of &obbod, bo endeafor to put my tonl In ih^^ 
«ouIb' Ktcsd, a&d bu aid. all in 017 ponr» in crwy ri^>|f 
flfTort fi>r U^eir immediale eoiaDeiitttioa. This dn^ 
wa« unfiTcs!^ npon ido at tbo tune I oonMcntod 
■elf to that got^pel nhich Ai>04Qt4 * to prcaoh deUftiut^J 
tothccoptiTc^'to 'ftotai liberty tliBDi that arobniMd.* 
... I Lave LravclicJ thoiuanda of miles in Ud« «ciib* 
tij, holding meetings in somo of the slave Statea. bvt 
hocu in the midst of iDobe and violoooOi a&d hin 
shared shtindantly in the odiam atlaclied to thv tun 
of an unoompiomUin^ abolitionist, ts well aa parulus 
nchly of tlic Bweet renim of peace attei»daiit oq ihcti 
who would undo tbc hoarj btirdens, and 1st ihi c^ 
pressed go f^e, and break every j'oke. In 1840 1! 
World'a Anti-Shivirrj^ Ofnventioti nan calird la Luh 
don. Womeu from Boston, Navr York, and I'] 
pbin vera d<^<gat«a to tbat oonTention. I mu om 
the number i but^ on our arrival la England, oura^j 
dcntials were not accepted bconue we wcze mmt 
We were, honrerert treated with great conrlcsjr 
attention as etrangen; and, aa w«ncn» were adi 
to ehoeen aoaU oa speetators and tasteDCta, while 
ri^t of membsrahip was denied : we were voted 
This brough: the womsn queitioc more Into viowj 
and an inereaae of Intereat in the Bubjeet bia beoi 
reaolu In this work, too, 1 have engaged lieart 



uo 



TOVKBT Clt TUB aC3CTVKT. 



Dio L«wb'd dobool of ffixh m Lcxingico^ UAfS. 
rcc^iil^l for sev^nl joan in ik bMutiful U^nua inffi 
XvivioD, M^KM., but is Dov in CaUfornia, fnun 
sho vrntofl occuioix«]lf for tba " Womui'i Joonkl,' 
a&d where 11I16 b BtiU rewly for the gnoul wok of 
roronning th« vorld. 

PftANcsa T>A»A Qaos dcaerred to bo iMf^imH 
among lit^mry woiiMti ftod m Ibo chi^tvr tbi m 
woaciiincU; buibtvikoblost fifforta hftvo bemia 
Fftnkfl of tho reformers, aod here Ui« meed of prwt 
nchly Juo frhali be acconlcd. She inks bom Od 
1S08. in MAncttn, U. Her father, Joseph Borlw. 
from New llninpdturoi — ft WoAtcm pioaecr. Humtk 
bcr iDothor. Elixabeth Dnns, dho wae alU«d to iho A> 
tin^mlicO M4s«u^u»oUa luiulici of Danft tttd BMoolt 
"Her father wad « former and cooper; and ihtdiitiiiaf 
B &nR9r'«daughterin a n^ivooti&tiy w«r«ik11 ohotrNlv 
and easllj diitpc«ed of bjher. Sho MMbtcdhcrbiWrb 
making tmrreh ; mid I have hoard her oftva t^U, tiu£,« 
•he \r0ttI4l roll out a well*niadft barrel. hi*r father vmU 
pat Ittrr on Um head, and bj^^ ■ Ab, Fantiv. yon ikM 
hnvc beeii « lioyl'.. . . At the Mgn of twmtf-oa 
she married Jauea L. Oage, a lawjer of MoCooadb' 

SIiG became tho motl-.er of nglit clnldren ; and jiU 
wilh all hor domotic labon, shu fiMmd Ume to ml, 
vrritt: for leading jotimaU* and often to ppeak ibOiin 
teraijcnincf?. daTCJj* and iroman'a tigbta. She ah W J 
the pcn(CcnUon« wbioh reformer* know, ** tn t853 ibi 
Ksaored to St* E^ui«, Thoae who foof^ht the ttti* 
ebviiy IiuIUd in MasfaohuGctts cannot roaliM tb 
clanger of atteb a waiAiro fn a alave-botdto^ Slit*- 
With her ittiiid &Ank nttaranc^a of opiniona* afafl vai 
U}tnK braniled aa an abolitionbR^ her anielea »eli 



WOKKK ftETOSWEnS, Ml 

tlu jooniAU, «&d ilio fVora ■good Mcicty/ mih 
f tbTttftU of violenoe to Iti^r pervim, and lb« dc^lruc- 

cf L»T firopurl.y. O^iBg lo ber liosLand'a U} 
Bud failure lu ba^ne^, bUo took tie purl of 
1 4^)tor of na ngricuUuraJ pAf^r Id Colniubiu. 
lu Lhi3 lireitLit]^ i»ut of tike y^ax kk»i dcitro^nl 
uuon of i)ie J4|ier, tuui four of Ticf loiu hod 
m. into Uie nnnjr, ||«^ thougbii tnttied to ilie Boenea 
oaoAJct in ibe fviutlirrn Suilim- Tlus ^ KulTrntjEg 
eimBn ' nbd the ' lio^ii iu lilue ' appealed sUke to 1i«t 
-fflg Lort for kiiidiic» aikI Ui*^|i; uiilt wilfaoot 
ibtswut or aalary, the avuL to Vmi ICoyal in 186S. 
k mDitnod in Bo^fort^ Poiia, ami Fcniaodui«i 
tloea ttiotilliat miuUtcjiog ftUko to ibe aoldleis aftd 
tdiaoa, n» opfK^rtimitv offered, PAj:ca rotght be 
ton im Uio bciuiioi of Mn). Gag« aud hor dauf^bter 
IT/ daring thb poncd. Oppressed vitb tho nngiu- 
b of tho vork to te acooioplidbcd Uier«, aba ra* 
W North to givo bor oxp«rioao«0 acquired among 
I fnednicu, hoping to rouM olbcn, youti^ur and 
nB|^ tbiin h«r£«lf, to go dova and tea^rb i^boee 
JMiad pcopl<T tba A n C of Imniing a:id metal life, 
trfii^ tbis >~ear aba trav«lkd tlirouglj tnxny of (he 
vtbrm Htatim, npi-nking niMrljr criiry tive-.tung to 

t' aid Boaieiiesh, Site worked wltbout pay, otdy 
«ncragh in Msny \xt cx[KtiKf. Wbrn the 
^ daya EOAde Icct^uicg im]>oaaiblG, .^be irt»it as an 
Mlaned ag€Qt of the SanitJiry Compifinoa down tho 
tfi»l)fpi to .Mooijibl^ VickttbuT;, and Natcbe£> In 
I noaLb of Sopt^mbcr eho wma overturned in a 
Vt«£a at Ualo»bttr^, 111., wblob cnppl^ bcr for tbat 
ir. Aa MOD SB ahe recovered ebe wtm omployod and 
li paid by variotu tatnpcnuioa organiiationa to Uc- 
« for ibj^t «aiU6 ; and «ba ^ad tbaa ocoi^pled, when 



i42 



VO^Z>' 0» TOB OKSTC7BT. 






ber plflBB for future tkctivjl^rand us«fulii«n went 
rf^iily IiTtmiCitniJ hy- a nLniko uf Jiaralv^ts tli Al 
11^.** From this Uliiess sho liui laigoly nscursiW, 
but \Til] probabljr cnUr no more mto puMIe II& ui 

" dndcr tbe n^in Jd ftuni^ of ^ Aunt Fau&j, 
Ga^ has writtcD 11111117 beatiufal etoHos for 
Btftnnui, ftml dtolchct of socdiO life. Sbo vnu 
coDtributor to the *■ StUiudftjr Victor/ etlUcd by JmhO. 
STtsdiel«t AB<1 ha« lately trritun for * The N#ir Yak 
ladepeodeDt.' A Tolujne of }mwiu and a CtapotDQi 
tAlc, ' Elgie Magi>on/ ar^ Lhe but gf ber paUkM 
vrorV:!. By her own eHoTU. \ln. Gogo Iiaji Ji«7anit- 
1nti>d onoogh to secure to her»elf And her cfailiina. 
pleiimit liomo for h^v 6\A ago." ' 

Au&T HuTcnixsoN Pattos. — " Among Ibe 
seiitolivu wciniiMi of tlie tihiKucnih c«n(urir/* Mji Ui 
Stuiton, " Abby Hut€Jni>»o:i dt«crv(;M a |iMmiig doI»«.. 
Sb« wsa bom in MilFord, NJL, ouo of a Uigo 
of children. Earlj- in iho aDti-ttlavei}' caiMO. idi« 
four brothcts bcgr^ to eiiag 111 the c<mreDtkm«. li 
«11 tboM stoimy dAy» of mob T)t>lcnc«, tbo Hoti 
familT vas Ibc one banoomiirf element Liktt o3 
the troubled watcrni their ftwcct Mngs woukl i09tlt 
ailenco thceo BUvAgoa whom neither appeal nor dcAuti 
could ftwe. Abbj mndo her fir»t nppMninoo in pJiXk 
at an early age. Anti-diiT«ry. woman'e righta, ^mj»- 
anee, pe«ce, «ad dcmocmey havn bfrco her U 
iiD^ug alike In the OM World and the Kevr. 
hnnen on New Englanirn gmtiif«i lii[!», to pionnn 
ibe far-off pmiriea, to caerulHint pritice* In em 
dtie& and to kiit^, rjueeD^, nnd tinlilea id palacti 
oourtu, haYo tliose girh^h Ups fiing Uw repddi 
> RnilMki \roiD«B of th« iL^, p. tta^ 



WOKEN lEKrOkUCltS. 



US 



I'Dtmtij, ■«*■ qu(M(tD()ii ivliii:li i% iu>L oaly wbo thit iMXt 
nndidjitA for pr^adcot shall be* bub wlut aliaU \fO Ui8 
policy of tli« goTCmment for tKo neat fmir years. 

"So grtAt is the Latcrcst felt lu it, that men of all 
fndc*, froiD all pula of the UoSib, hare Uft, tbe 
•eboUr hii books, the clcf^ymaii hts pulpit, Um mat- 
ttbixit hu counter, tbo lawyfir Ua office, and the liudost 
nun Ixis buidaees, to ca«t hia voto, or to be heard aqiI 
fttlt at CitKd&DatL 

•'TTiie iDtorea^tra&acdDds every aaercly f^reonal tiling. 

Whon thm Mlvctkm b miwlo, and th« leinil of gor«rtt< 

nent n^ are io hare duri&g tbo n«ixt four years b 

indloatpt!. ovrt^^ man hiildii Iiui votn rvaily in hrip N-ttle 

Uie qucKikm. He may be teani«d or igDoiaot, wise or 

fonLii^, drnnkeii or Kibcr: tlic beggar at th« gat<T, and 

6e tUt'l out of |ai], erory Ecan of theoa bu liia vote. 

Bat for you, every woiaan of youi the dog on your rug, 

or tk« cat in yotir comer, baa aa much ]<)bttcal power 

jou bare. Never foi^ot it. And xfhctt the country 

iliaken, ^s \l mil be for months to coiuc, over ibo 

never for^t that thb Uv-tnakiiig power ecttlos 

intemt of youa. It aettleft, &oin tbe croiira of 

bead to tbe sole of your feet, every p^rgon&l Hf-lit. 

leltlee yoitr relation (o and rigbt In your cliUd. 

m earn or inljHt a dollar; and this same power 

idea hoiv macli of It sbaJI bo yoort. and Imw much 

;vill<ltae!f take or dl^nse of for iU own use. Oh, 

tbe one aubjugated cIumi in tJiia gn?iit country, 

Only aduJl people xrhn atv mleJ overl pray fura 

ipijam of fijQ to reveal to you tbo <lep1Ii of the huntil- 

tbe degndatJon, and Uie un.H^teakaUe Uni vbidi 

of four ni>oc|nnl position/' 



>Laiz H. Dall of Boston baa done bmve ecrrice 



$40 



wouva OF TUB ocTrnmr, 



vroTnaii, bl^bljr ecJucateJ* a^kI ui able wiittr. KTi 
StttntoD calU her '* u clone niuilentt'* nail " an exicjck^ 
p«ediii of luAioncftl facta uul sUtistie^.*' 

She ha» pubtiftlied Mvcnl books on wotnnn tn vttioti 
r«Iationa; and her book ** Tbo Collcg«, tho Mmkct, id 
tho Court/' dcdicolai to Luc^li^ MoU, u ■ mm 
valiwhlo voxk for ref9reiic«, and iras culled Ivy % ^i 
York roviowrr '* tho moftt oloquoiit nnd forcible 
mest of the ^onkan'a fia^ti<>n which his been 
Sb« xnmj bo montionsd igttn, u « good vorkvr in Ml 
directions. 

C. T. Tr HiCHOi^, tt nHttve of Vermont, midcil 
RsDBait tbougli all tl>e tronbles In tbmt StAle; lud 
her iiifltieiiMi in a meuura, la aIiib it» libend Uvi 
womin. She ira^ id thfl fii»i ooi»UttiljDQAt connntii 
sj>d pt»ed \TODiaD*s claJmB on its coimdentiaii, Mi 
Ktohols b an slile trtitn- uid s|)e«lcer, aad is u 
ou£hIy conTCTQAnt TTith tbo laws of lior titalo u 
jud^ or Uwyer in it ; and sbc has token a pnuai 
part in sU rafonns for the last tvon^ yean.'* ^ 

SiT&AM B. AsTHOKT, aocotditi^ 10 Mrfc 
■* was bom at Cbe foot of tho Oreen Monntaiov, 
AdftiDB, Meus^ rob. 15, 1820. Her bthtr, 
Antbonj, wu & ^tem Quaker; her mother, T.hqj 
a B&ptist; bat, bsJog liberal and progrttwTii iu 
tendenctea, Ihej were aooo one in their rellgioD. 
Imthor W1U9 a ooUoii'ntanufaotarcri and the £nit 
ahe ever earned wftA tn hi& factory. Tlxough a maa 
wealth, the He^ of ee]f-«vppoTt was early iiDpreatd 
ail the daughters of tho fama/. In 182tl ihcjr nOTd 
into Washington County. N-Y., and in 1846 to 
ter. She waa edncatc^l in a scnall lelect school ia 



WOM£:< BX90U(Et:«. 



J(IT 



'^B hoUKf tmdl tha n^ of ^veDt««*i^ trhca nb^i 
IE to A liOftnliiig*<«hoo) in PliU^idcifiLii^. Fificeci 
of her life were puaed in teaching scliool In 
It faxU or tbt State or Nfi^r York. AlUH>ugh 
inl«i»denU ^to ber credit fiir Um bntUlEflcipUuefl 
i1, nnd Um roust thoroughly tnnght scholars, in tho 
ilftj^ tiio> F*i<] lier hnt I'l^bi ilolUn « inOTitb, 
te men recaved &opi twenty-four lo tlurt^ doUai^ 
^r fifteeii ytan of fniLhful InlKtr* ujd Ulo i:li»c»t 
ij, ftlio ba<i saTod but tiiieo hundred doUua. 
txponesco taught her tho lOMon of vonun'i 
ftikd, wlieu flho read the nportd of tho fiist oo&* 
hor whole »oq1 mpoodod to tba Mw domtod. 
n>rliQ»l puUiQ work vas in th« tcmpcranco move- 
OHnt . . - FVom 1862 sho boa boon ouo of tha )ondi;ig 
tpihti iu iM'er^ womaa's nght'a touvenilcn, and baa 
Uta tbo aadag saoroULTj and gonenl ag^Dt tlirottgh all 
,(>MTiata; and whan in 1S66 ira n-orgaiUta^-l under 
maof the ' Arnencaxi Rqual Rigbta A»ociation/ 
WW ro-appointttl to both ihaso cfficea. From ld5T 
U)M, MIbs Anthnoy wbs ahto an ng^ot and faithful 
Lar tn thn anti<«JAvanr OLtom until the cmnni^ipciUon 
proolaJitied Creodom ibrougbout the hmtl. She 
bean untiring in her labors in accunug the libcial 
lU If a now Imto fur women in tha Btate of New 
/* ' Aliaa Anthony dovexv^ tha fame ahe boa won 
ntorma; and ber pura life and carneat words for 
ICQ and human ri^fata will sommand tho rcapoct 
httiw gonomtiomai when ail atilfo and oontroTany 

woixkan> TJghta shall hara paaaad away. 
Olthpia Beowk dcitervaa mention among aarnoAt 

E&an, but will ba mentloviad mo^-e fully eJdawbare. 
ilawmi all tfaa ooramandntioti that U given by 



l^HnMAWt 



ef lb*A|& 



948 



W0UI:K OB" TIIK CCKTUVr. 



Mrsn StoQton, to Ui» worken In the refom knowi' 
tiut af ivgnun suffngo. She «tjs, ^ It i> qo etigpn- 
tloii to etat6f that Uw wornvn uUntiflcd wUb thU ^fio. 
lion tiTv dt]iUngUL*bod for Iiiltlleriiiiil fiower, tuai 
probacy, and religioim ennmtiifvvt, Ifmt of tknnin 
Ma nptfHhnni >ind irriLent. iia tht-jr jmlilinhod ifodii^ 
Icttcra* DOTelSt 4ad poemd fiitly sLoiv, Th':i4« vbiM 
wen them in •oowl lifo can L<»tiff ih&i llwjuo gqai 
housekeepers, tma molbers, And t^lliful mw. Ibrt 
knovm Tomcn in nmny constTiof and cI«mo« of $o6i 
and J know none mora nob)e> delicolo. and 
ivord and aotion, thnn tlitxic I hnrc met on tha 
tiglita [»latform. Tnio, thoy do not pouou Out rt 
toon* graoo and soft nxinnore of tho pottad obililitn rf 
luxury; they are n3t clothed In pnjple and ftui ham. 
faring ALimptuouflly ovary dav; for mtM of thtfs 
aelf-innde n-onen, who thmugh hirdflhipa and 
lnLvv jonwilbisd t)ie ruggod palh« for innlHtodaa 
th^in, and earned a virlwma indepeudanoe Ua 
ac3vM. All prabo to tliose vbo. through ridicab 
acorn, hare oliaii^d llio luarharoti^ lann far 
many of the Stat«^ and Lrougfat them into 
vritb the bibber oirtl[&ktion in trhicb •vrv liro ' " 

Tbo lady who^e vigorous pen hu helped lo Ihfl 
tion of otbcnt in thie chapter mtiit not ha c 
herself s for for women have done more to open 
of uscfulncaa and incooM to othtr wooK^n lectnnn 
reformers 

EuzAhwu Cadt Stjistom waa the dao^Wir 
Judge Daniel Cady and Margaret LlrbgAou, and 
bom KoT. 12, 1816, in Jr>hn*iown, NT., not hx 
Albany. " A Taiikeo »aid that liii chltif amUtion 
to litK^ome more noted tbui h!d native town, 
Stantou hod lived to ntw her hitlorio hirthplnca 




W03IB1C bSFORMEnft. 



819 



ft mens local rcpul^. wUilo ftho facrsclf hiu tM>ei> 
<|QDlied, ridiculvd, and abused into a national iiamo/* 
Is the oJBca of her father, Uto yviigtt. Mrn. Stanton 
beeamo flnt ncqiuinUfd witii tiio l^ga' dlsftUlitids of 
'WonMjn luider tba oUl rommnn Inv. Tlxf graphic and 
^^tln^ ik^tch of Mrs. StantoD, In the ^ EmiDecit 
,'.\.iii.fn of tliv Age," U oomni«nH«til ti} the rwulcr of 
ikh VDlunc, fbt incadcmta conceraliig her, fur vrhlcli 
cpiM* cannot Im found hi;ns and which |>rovr Iier to 
biTe heen i^arljr an advooaU of human righlet. "In 
1dS7, in her twenty- fourth >'«ar, while on a fiat to 
W dUtiaj*ijU1ied coii^n Gcrrit Smith, at Pclerlioro*, 
b the central purl of Ntir York StaUi, ahc mado the 
_Mquaintanco of Mr. llcnrf B. Stanton, then n /oung 
liirvtd orator, who had won diatindtion in the anti- 
iTttynoTeraonl. Ttio acquaintnoeosupeodil/bctiaino 
; the friends f^rew bto lovets; and the lovere, 
a etwrt court«!)ip, marnod, and imoiQ()iat<;lf sot 
for Europe. This vojage was undurtaken not 
Ij Rtt iiloasnro and sigbt-Awlng, but that Mr. Stan- 
Mi atlght fulfil iho mlftdon of a delegate to the 
ITarid's Anti-SlAvery C<iiiV4>n:)oii, (o ho hM En Lon- 
_dn.bj 1S4l)^ ''Tbrim Mrt^ StuuUiu mcl Liiarelia Motl, 
id learned thut tboro were others who fell the joke 
wrro hoanng as well as bcnclf. She was once 
Ced, "What most impreaaed you in Europe?*' and 
" LuoretiB MoU«" 'llicii friendship hu ncrer 
and thej hare worked togethor for reforav^ all 
long yean staoc that meeting, 
"The ]uactieo of going before a tegUleture, to pre- 
the clnims of an unpopnhir cauaOi has been naoro 
In many othur States tbnn in New York; 
eemmon, perhaps, in Mas«acbu^et1& Wilh the 
[le exoeptloD of Mm. Lucy Stone, — a noble and 



WOUBX fcSVOEUEKS. 



8&1 



of boUoimeao and bUty. &I10 eom^timai jeanu 
br ito rcfbmifttioii as if her hoftr^ would bKak, — 
le cftQw of vrotuflti's olcvatioD being with her not 
n»rdj ft |><kfleioti, but a rotigioD. She would willingJj 
^n her body to b« burned, for Uie sako of cecung licr 
Re ftn^aohiaed." When the dosire of her heart ia 
pftdflM, ber narco will 1>« gmteftjily r^mcmborctt. 

CiiAin-OTTK D. Wiutoi;» his nlao a claim lo a Ugh 

^co among rrfonucr^ fuid could iiUi> bare bc^n men* 

lioiMl JUnoDg lectnreca. aa slw bos &poV«n widely and 

locefUddjr on wk>us Uicmcn; nnd aUa among "liter* 

txj womeHf" aa her ohonolng vnluraa " &>u] to Sotd " 

vfoli he^r witncsa. As a reformer, &ho haa f^kcn 

legislatures and in oonvenliomi. Slifl wa.i Hie 

It and b«loTcd prcaidcni of tlu) Mew Xotk 

1*4 elab, called Soroeiit, for five /card (tfaottgh for 

montba of the l^tysar she vu in Europe, and 

Pbel>c A. llanaford was acUng president of 

Sonds in her tteatX) ; and she wae among tho hrat to 

facte a eall for the Woman's Congreea. Her maiden 

iiDe yrm n«ebo i and lihe b the daughter of a okrgr* 

SUB, and wr« f n?ij Mhica!ed. She ia now In E^impe 

iqchDiending tho education of her ddldien, and add* 

hgiQ the cnlture of her enpenor mind. Conneetknt 

'ilWieted t^i i>e her iiativt; .Static but nhc haa been 

ta reaidwit of New York Gly, and, as a womnn 
iga£, liojt vcveral times apf4--are«l before tbe Itigkla- 
^ New Voftu In behalf cf measurea GAlctilaled to 
kDA^t wonKn. She hoa also engaged In the pence 
■BTonent, and haa not been unajinpalholio in other 

I OtLutu>TTB AtrsTtM J074 of Nontucket Inland, 
itoald be mentioned acud reformers; forehowaa one 
If the mHy anti-eJaTei?, tcmpenutcct and dreea-refonn 





&&2 



WOHCX or TUB CRMTUBt* 



mIvocaIch, miii lierteul liu never AlttUd. Pur bui; 
years »lic woro the rcfona ciMtum<f, nnd WM ttiabari 
«mcutg the y^eUaihns luid hjdro|)A(iuflti. S«TcaI 
ycaiB have beon ti<sii osi tbc lalo of Wight (mji 
in;: to an iovalid tiuaband, Hon. David Joj of Xi 
tuckcti who %nis in ^jinpatliy \Tidi all icftfrm»)i «l 
•bo pr^dod OTcr tempcmnee ^Ui&riA^, and with 
pen And in cthor ^-479 aided more ftcUvt 
At her hiul>and*» deatli dio returard t« 
vidud CalifoTDia, and U bow fit liomo in Uo[ 
ncftt IkEilTord, Ma^^ nmcng many noble und 
reforaen ulio once fonnod there a &enii>TcHgi<nii 
fitamty trwly fori^Tftiy go4id word end work. 

ADnir and JtTLiA Surni of GTaatonhiu^, 
ncU deserve to be mcnlioncd vitU rcfornk«ii> 
th^ liaro keen willing; to enlTer iu defenoo of 
lilghte. Mkd to proTo that they bcUcTe '* UaatitA 
oat T6pKa«DUtiou *' h wronp. Thejr hnro been 
cuted bjr tbcir ncigbbon, and their cattle eold £ff 
they believed oqj^I nnt to be pddd. Oiu oF 
iistera Iias tmnslatod the entire Bible, end Jt b 
Ulfaed by a Hartiord ftrm. They are v^cd, 
respectable vcirtcn, and tb«ir labors will prove " 
vnin in tbo Lcid." Id day* to come timr 
will be appreciated »nd tbehr flrmnetf ho&ond,a> 
onw honor the boldtieKa of rrnvtanoe to tj 
Snmtifi] AdniEiA and other Revolutionary 
CATtiKiLfs» A. K. StkhiiiN8« (if TVtfnlt, has 1j 
reformer for iitoiiy lung yeam. and by vOtcc aad 
aa«3«tfsd in aoti-darirry and temperaDCA work. 
DOW canyin^ vigotou^y fiamrud thfl woman nit 
in every poastblc way, in which aho b nobly 
by her husband, Giles n> Stebbin*. F^„ wh^ae 
" Chapters Tron the Uibk of the A^c3^'" haa won 
attention. 



-troHKN BHFQKMERB. 



C58 



II. Stdabt of Uyit r&rV, ltMd»i ws** ooe 

tiiOM 6flj-two womon yrho called a public meeting. 

out a ticket for town oOiceTa, aod p7ocGe<Icd in a 

ly to tbo loivii-lialj, in tlio ficrcoxt aotr«tono of tho 

\ to TolG. Of Un. Stunrt it u Aud, '^ Tlio cauw 

WcmuLo &Dd llio ontifo nf tbo slave wcro bcr firat 

th« ivin po&SMMM aJUce of Hor c»lj glrUiood and 

vomftnhnM. l-'or dghc y^ara sho had been 

rlj drlii;^ 'if ou iocuraUo diacaae. . . . V\^n tbnt 

ibia irndTifr-iIa/, at tha hour appointed, ihc wirtil 

aaaw, a blinding; biirrioancf %wt^pt the atre«U ; Imt 

Asmiut: iw, wiapj^d in fvirs and comfortable, tlie 

artni nf brr huvlttnd bunt Ktfr from barr bfic! to 

catria^, and at tbe poUa took ber tbauco ta the 

rl4iDX, wbancr, afli^rlinr own Inttd Ijad dcrpovitod 

lote, aba iraa ld tbo aame vay couvcj^ed lo bar 

Hba ba« gone to tbe land '* where tbo 

ahaO net aay, f ant aCck ; " and bet momoo' 

practoaa among rcformora forovcn JosBPiiUfB 

:o haa ^ono op bigber. Let Prof. Wilcox 

herflioty: — 



Tba iw>bla baid of womoQ who &tnce 184T bave 
for ibo vnTranebMrnioDl of tboir tax ii now 
Joaepbine S. QillBii^ diod laat weak, i^nlt* 
uabcfora many whom itwna ihoitgbt i;ba vrauld 
Till bl«l)-, her name wm HUle knovu in tlie 
: Lot tbe |W)cir and tbe outcattt ttie lamct, tbe 
I, and ihrt )irdnil(]«ii, whinoif guardian aiige] sJm 
will Inng water ber giara with their teaxB, 
I^Sbe waa iMrn ne-tr lliiitford fifty yeftta a^. Her 
lea naioe was Wbit^ ; and site was a uicce of Mn 
tbe artiflt, who painted all our gmndpatcnu' 
ita, and lived to paint thoso of tbe grandehildrco 



SS4 



yroHMai Of tub oummT. 



dutiDg a liAte, f^ofijol old ii^. Sho BiArn«d yos^j, 
iront to Sal«m to stragglo vith tfa» forut und t^ 
whea Ohio vrgs half Toods. Frcm Salism ui bfloi 
wont out nil ovortbo SCtto, thtt liAn) poblio 
to a liiglier levd io miuijr thit^. Snln bjr uiifl 
PjtrtkVr Pillsbujy, sho foaght ilio dovil of sIktii; ; uA, 
bejildo bt?r (lotQttilu^ ilutics, Uie did ^vacnanV trrm m 
iho cuue of freeiloiQ. Tire war brought Iwr to ffj 
LDKtou, vhcrc Ibr a llnie a1i« kepi a lMnrdiii^-< 
vlilch Gooig« \V. J jUad a&d other Ico^ling Rqi 
«anA liTcd more w fncnds Uran m boiLnlen. But 
tunc needed her i& a Ui^er et>lieriv Tho exij;ei 
war droro into tho IKa:mt t>f Colnmbuh tite 
abolition of slavery there* tUoiuuuid^ on itto\ 
tiiitutored and KtArring Uwi |>ooplo. Aj ngeot of 
Freedman's Relief Aa^dodaUon, ahe undertoolc the 
of thcuj^. And labored for tbcm n-lul« her 
l«At«d« vnih ficaiee a day's vicatioa but sneh w 
iiB-x'4 tt)mi«tl<s1. The strong wertivvnl ivbrni tlwiy 
find enipIoy[ue[it ; tile feeble vere fed ftcd 
. . . Slw aimLHl ftppropriation aft^r appi 
through CoDgT»8 i winning »iippoH from tho bod 
ators and repros^DtaUreft, overcoming the wotsU 
^ttin^ the knota of red-tape tlub aimy jcalowir 
Th« beoi mon of the nation wcro her friemb aod 
ers. . . . AIS over the huid, hearU of erer>' iti 
Ufo will thrill with sorrow at the uewe of hi*i- di 

^* In 1867 ahfi took a leading part tn fonabg 
Untrei«a] Franchke Aa«ociatlon, and from that 
(brth added to h«rolhcr ta»kx tha actiro advoeacjj 
woman etiflTm^, of nhioh ahe had loug b«aa a 
portar> fn ihb ahe took the lewling pwt, luting, 
the flnt, president of the raapngcrB and metnl 
tho rxeoutivti rornitiUtct'. In prtwrpiing thb 



W03CH7r BBfDJOlHEa. 



865 



) CoagreM uid Itio publio, tho sliowed tho turo tact 
d4 jmtgmont thut infltke<] hor ev«ry net. la nwr, 
irbolcnt meottngt, liei g;cni)e, rimpU dignity com* 
M>dBd a hcJiring ; aii<l when »he bef^nn to speak In her 
TV* irminilioLio tontm, thonitIr»ilUt«neil tTithro«pv<^t; 
'■ '^ ^lia c&rriei) ber hwreri wUh her s'l estally lli»v 
l;iI1j «ui|jci;;Ld(] lh<?y wrrn giving rar lo any thing 
acfimmon* U31 her cmsing sIoiIIihI tltem finl inio 
ihnlUd &leiic«i ftn>l tlicn tulo raptiiiouH nppUuso. 
Uboring Imnler aiul ItAittvr, shi^ fAilcnl iji hc^iU &tca(]* 
^ f till, At lost }kUy'a i&e«iiDg in Ni>w York» % great 
ptca «u pUecU bclund hcT gn tbo pUitfomi, th^t b«r 
iVCttkened roico n^bt mwb Ibe audience. She died 
tl ehxr cvcnrorkt faitbful And cmtic^t to tho Io>c/^ 

Mr. Gikrmoa irritod in m^nt^nenn of Lis vrife, llSLBN 

,ti\&BrBO:?, thi:4 £ODnct : — 



I 



T^ inva, dM# i&IEtnr* had for tlMO »o g^n, 
Aod Death ao terroi* vbon bbmiaBDom* cumi. 

Hm tIUI ifBrfi, ii&der em fHbci (I«mi» 
Vai newer yrt Imfirtaaiird In the tomli ; 

Bat nmg hnncnrant, aa ellnntttl AttD^ 

SWaait an mfDcrvhiit, hi »upnca itin lL« 4ur« 
A» k tbo lifibt Out iloth all vtttlda Olamc. 
Tlva art tniulALrd to a Ugbrr apben. 

'tb fala oo(Bp«n>oii«Lip Atrcrx Ota tWr, 
fcka»w3 from mil tlmt mudo Ilfo pilula) ken. 

And to prvpifvl t^ vfit«<r into ra»ti 
U lUidwi b««rta bnd wrpini^ o'«r Ihj Uir. 

SUU, alll, fbr Ibora, far Ibed. pU'i lor U^o b«l I *' 



Dftiss WO giuilj place atnoti^ the reforCLcn, as 
lb* Bsiifl of on« Uius invntlonrfl hj the Bovtoci 
ciredlb:"*. 
inTtUtet/ tnentiocittd tbo dcJilb of llA!4NAri Cox, 



S5G 



WOltnr Ot TBB CBNTUBY. 



AtUvQ^ooi), P«&Q., t>no of tboorigiDA] 

She joined UiA Unl movcoeut fu £avor of cxaandpAUdi 

witii ii loal ;vh;i:h iia oppositjaa ooaM ftluikft,EiiJii 

ines of tbe omim — Lumlf, GAmootv, Lucnta JlisCt, 
WhitUi^r. and oilKtr*-*W4frocibi»r«(i and w^lMOivd % 
her and her stendfaat hushed, il ft timn whoi ikk 
tituncM tir«rQ outlAtrefl fn»u puUtc re«pecL 
Tbooi&d GanttL cauIiUsI'M the eiAriiug-polDi of 

* undAf^Totiitcl milmnil' hi \Vi]mi]ig:(Mi, [knl^ Lho 
of iIm Coxea at Lon^wood Ueuaaie Uia Uni 
on tho W19 to the CnnAitUii tcimiLius. ! 
quiet furuaersad hbi irLTe recmed Ute fu^t^x? 
ftDd carried him by night i>a his wajr n< 
Wkon ia Scit'.cmhcr, 1873, they ceU-hr«t«d tiieir |^l 
wedding. AVhitticr aont iImid hU poem (whidi 
fomtd in UiA Iil^L volumfi) on ' Th« Qoldea \Vi 
of Lonswood/ ill which aro thd linea : — 

* Bl«nln|:« Upou JOU ■ «bU dnl JO« f«T that ••A* *ll0fTla( 

&> homelflM, fjiliil, ami o«k«d. uslo oar Lont w ilwi,' 

Dajard T«,vtor, whoso tiftUve pUoe b hot tlen 
&om LoQgn-oudt va« i^'. thftt tinio in Ocrmttay ; ifl 
ftbo 0ea^ ft poem contJuniD^ ihc foUowiuj; 
tho former gu»ta of John aod llftnaah Coic :^ 

« J Urv lj9wH} cam*. In t%thxa\ jtmLH, 
A aDul of llod miltfArur ; 
U«n I'lrkOT ipttlra vith ljp« nf inlh 
11nt aoon wpn cbwd f on-t-^ ; 

t'oimd lore Mid reeo^iiilluo { 
IVn &Lrrittn'i Ug^ fftith ivUimM, 
Afkd 1lK>inr«oii'* pw* kDkl^lkD/ *' 

Thft iiftai» of riA^NAii DAtiuycrroy And f>KiM)] 



wolUx:; ASFORuens. 



^67 



mad QUuiy oElten of the Loogwood Progren- 
bdong with tbofw nf rvfurmeis; fnr th%y 
Id (bo «pEri£ luvl work of LbuMe wbci would lift 
irtd Tntoi evil to ({ooJ, 

DktrBeux BtASE bas tloae md<:h iinpor* 

rk lor i)^ Auflingo cause, hftving carried od 

Mi^ meotings ftttd coavtntion.^, aitd del:Yer«>l 

lo ct n rea and speecbM od tlio subject. She 

tho CotutittilioniU Convontion in ti^TS, titiiL 

:ork Lofflsluurc ia 1^3« 1871, and 1873. on 

Sbo cbcmld havo bccA mcntioQc<l olsio 

leeUir«r»^ bavin;; gi^ren ua&y leoiures on Utanry 

in Tnnoiu parU cf the cottntrr. 

BUko b A wiit«r «Jao, having publislied several 

and skclchc:f, and m «tJll u>inj; h^r pen vtgoroiv- 

TuiiouA f«rio<!Icab. Sfie hiis been iwice marrifld^ 

a Uw^ri^r who died in ISol^ and ^ocuml tu a 

It in Now York City vrhara «Jiti noir re^idcB. 

t%tber WW Mr. tioorg« Dtroroux. dosccnfUtil of 

Ptijlok, oue of die ftntl t^oveiuoni of Notth 

Her moUtcr waa Mbs Sarah E. Johason, 

tttr of JndgQ Johnmn of StmtforU. Ooiid.* and 

ti^iUr of Hon. \V. L. JohndOD, oim of the 

fenatora from CotioccUcut. Doth mother and 

were dcdociulvd from Jonalhan Edw&nJti; her 

fa graiid root bar, oitd hor mochor'a gmndfather, 

hia tiTO youoj^CMt chUdr^n. Sho woii bom in 

;h« K.C., and pa&teil h^r infancy on h«r fathor*» 

in on iho Itoonoho Rir^. After hU duaUi her 

sold her SoathcTn property^ ami fived her ro«t- 

[fi Now llATitfi, Coan,, whoro %\w wn* edticaleJ.** 

Ee ia yL*t a yoiin^ woehlh, anrl will dotilitleiB 

more roluoblu aorrico ha a rcfonnor. 

Unnprnuu^ mfoTTit h:u Te«inre<l a i:ew aod 



368 



VOtfKX or THE CSKTUUV. 



Qumllouc frapoittft ttcm whnt b knova ■§ tbt 
vouui'fl «rQaftid«. Bjr fervent pnyor vrocaon lun 
ooQ»0crAt«d UwnaBlvtoi to Uw cilTort of variug httmut 
£y firoin tli« ouneof lateropenaoe. Snme i>f tlie idm 
calturiMl wotDvrt^ imviHinl to ptiblio wwV. n^il 

felt it ft dutf to join tin rtaks of the cmadea. viU 
tbe tiqnar-^cionn, atul i»t*iy vr'ixh iivjtto vbo wen dmt 
log out the draught that destrojcd thoiiBuidf, wai 
desolated mnuy h(tir,c:f< Womc& juffcr fnrcn tLo blm- 
pcmoeo of Uhi men. It vaa irell far wotdcd u> H« [b 
thdr ipiriliuU migbt, and do all ia their power t^ l«o- 
UJi th« lOCoiioatiQS cup. Many vrom«n Oiiu be«iai 
TttorvaisTA, and trroio tlwir nain<« araong ilio imiMfU 
ooea ** that irere uot bom to die ; " tut or thtM UmvI 
vrotneiit many t1ioimud« in number, litU« oonpaialhfr 
Ij' ciD liere l>e said* Their namee an in Uie La^Dt*! 
book of lif«, and tha noble irork they havo done vdi 
be long mcemberad lo iheav hlgli^t prabe. 
tbc kindne«i of Ml» Willard* Mra. Uotton, and oi 
a few vketobea of eome of tho Woatoni worken 
been obtained for Uiia volume: but, it uiut be 
fenedt thui Lt hardly enough to do justice to the 
era in that grand anny of the Lord. 

A ToIumocaUed^A Hutoiy of tho Cnuada"* 
toll the fltory better than it can bo told bcro i and 
retbder of tbia book, vrho re?eroe woman and 
Chfbtftan vorkft b adfioed to obtab s copy of 
book. 

Tlila woman'e crusade liaa attaiood much 
prnmin^nco, and tfi a marked feature in tha 
y«ara of our firat caiitury. Tim following aoaji 
Off] j»[ aiiuivenary occaiioQ, will bo read with 
intereett:** 



woMcx aBroBumia. 



i$9 



i« fii-enbjr of Uw 23(1 cf December, 187B, 
^Q Itoen leoa in the 0tr«eu of HilUloro't per- 
tly or ta ^tijio, sending their vray lo Mada 
'1ter« Dr. Did Lotrie of Boston, Masn., vru to 
A leotuie on t«in|>omi>co. 
lo did th^y drcAm that n fiamo would bo kmdlcd 
;Iit, wMch * U.-U17 irnten should not qQODOh/ 
ICH0 liglit should shine fnto ih&datk pl2c« of 
L, brinj^og t^nor lo tho ovil-doer, and beaming 
ir of liojia ' on thrjae sa^l hoarlx in ^honi tht 
of liope hod wifll-nigl) porishcd. 
^U not ueceeasry to give uiore Uiao a hriirf men- 
Dr. I^vti/a oddrefts. Ho LcllevM and ar^ui^d 
wtak of tempemnce irfi'nn mighb Iw carried 
lljr by voQKn, if they wouM a«t about it 
it manner, — goin^ to t!io saloon 'kc<>|>er id n 
Chmtttu love, aud pcivuftdins him, for Ibo 
InnDUiity and bia ovn ctortiftl welfare, to quit 

bo l^ropcr to utato hftro, that tinU1>oro' waa 
tim« bj no meaiks exempt tvcm the unironuil 
of InLempunioco. Its victuna were from oil 
aode^, name, proAnlon, fortune, influence. 
»nd anhttions of n lifetime wer« 8» coih- 
were Mun^fK'cd to th^ love of »troDg drialc 
wrro broken-hfArt^d, wii-w irorss tlran wld- 
Lod litUe childien won crying for bread. 

waa to be done? The Som of Tem|>eiunee 
Good Tcmphus htti m.%de Tain efforU to arroat 
At timed there Lad been an avrakeniTig to 
iger; and men good and tme banded thenuelrea 
It in the endeavor to reelaim the inebrialo, and 
the diamaciler. But theee cfforte BC«med lo 
|>ennanait effect ; and the proapoct iroa a choer- 
U in riew of any freah undettaking. 



160 



woxe:< or m cmrrOKT. 



" Tbe pUn Wd do^n hy l>r. I««i<i« cbdluificO tUic»* 
lion by il^ noYcltj, ftilenst; ftn>ltac«iDg hiUM thUtt 
faith, U]« bcortd of the w^men mixM the boptt^« 
' (odcm * ODo, *Us iriu^ but still a bopo ; Mid, whto Dt^ 
Lovis uked if ihey won willing to UDdcrtaitt llit ta^ 
eooroi of ^oDi«ti me to tbeir f>«t. Uto ucti vtn am 
b ^bit bchiii<L Tlioj p1odg«d thoomtnt to uplnU 
aoj «aconrage Mm woaao bf ooitBieli ecMipemii^ 
UDil iQonojT- 

'* A lUMtlng for the Tanber tkrclo(>niei)t of Ab 

bnld Ell Uio FrMliytttTiaD Cburch lU lui o'oIl*. ' 
tDomiiig, — Wtrducfiiliij.Dcc. 24; luu] At tfacfti; 
boLir Ihorc waa gathered ft solemn UMmblr* A 
work vrnA io be done. ukI b^ UDACClut" 
Oh b«i>dtd knte. and with uplifted bearm 
the btcttUDg awl f uidanco of tlim who ^ '-. 
end from the boginnb|(f,' ftnd then proci»<dtd W 
boeioes of tho hour. 

^*A oomraltteo ww appouitod, who should 
an appeni which wi» to bo prsMCtod to thfl 
Hilar [ also a dmggltt'a pitdgo aod a dtftltr'i pi 
Offloeo wvra olocC^, and tho moraiog'fl work 
oai. 

>«A pMlm waa Ihm road hy Uia pnMident id 
IjongQe, Mn, G. J> Tl»omp«on i lual, aft^r a tijaa 
pra/vr, MTonty-DT« woidou poiaod la praomkMi 
the atrcrt. The en&Mde bail bagna. 

^It had been decidod tbatcrorir plaos b the 
II hare inloxicadng Uquuts were iold, alieuld be f'm 

** Fifbt the dni^torva. oa bcb; B>o«t iikclr Ut 
by Uicir t^mpathy and oo-operalloa : then ihv 
ami U»iiy the nlooni^ 

*' Tfaoio v^la wen undo on ihe 21th and SOth 
Oeoambcr« ivUb tho follo^ring roauila- - 



VrOUEK RKFOaUIEBS, 



86J 



of U»e dnif:;^iiito digned the pledge imheeilat- 

aikd wicbaui rcmmration ; the Uiiril tv:wn-e<l Ute 

to pR^ichbc oA a ]<h>-i^iciAn. And eeil on hU oirti 

triptk»a < tie fourih poo^tponiMl hit iLnacrcr (the aa- 

■r wii» rrc(ivc<) bj the Lc^Kue a few ikiv^ aTl^, 

ik^Unui^ to H]>^ti lh« |iltd;^& preti«ut«il, but offering Mio 

lof his OW&, vhidjt nJrttti ctreful conKiderauoD bj the 

v«neT>, wu not Accepted) . 

^Tbe botel-keepera t^d to justify thetoitelva liy 

Unit ft bar wft« iteceHftary for cho c<KBfort of 

that they cnulfl not Wrp tiji tlitrtr TuxiMtt 

it, that Un-ir ctiMoiuem wuukl go airaj to 

|ihu»fs« &c, ; hot agreed ibat, if all ibe rc»t of the 

ir^rlltfT^ trnuli] cbuf:. thcj would, tbuB tn'ing to 

the n?i[K)D.iiLUicj^ upuo oUier shoiildcrt than their 



*Th0 sftlooQi:fU adiuirt^ the Cii^l that it waa a bad 
toMDiffiat bat wore ftUI of cx<;ai?c^ nml icaHOna why 
coqM not give it up. 

X this tiiii& thero were in HitUboro' four hotel- 

Gonatantly opon, and five «a!oonK, or df«otohopfl| 

with the font druf*-^itton>^ nutking thirtaen pEacee 

aUon^; drink coulU bo obtaiiioU, 

The ii0oru of iJie W0B)«n were riirected to the 

of all the eaJoonN, ard tiulut^iiig the ilritggiaUi 

themM^vea to sell only on & phy^ciaEi'a 

l|Hiim, or for mecbamc^l. fictiirtiLifW. or .siicni mental 

; aiirl tliny ii^irnl Ui hEau'I by t^acb ulhcr in 

Work uuiU ike end waa accoiDpli«hrd. 

I* The end u not yrt ; ' but itc labors of iLe crusa- 

l^for they hftvo acct^jilcd the ujui^t given in ilcnaion 

ive oot been in vuiii. Loi us glance bhc^y ovt^r 

hiaiory of the paai two years. 

-The tfrcct wark^ which waa the prominent f<Ature 



«u 



WOXV or TUB CKMTUmY. 



of thii noTdaOQt, vas oontiuuvd aUoo«t ii 
Pec, 24, 18T3> to Ui« nkldl« of lU foUowiiig J: 
bvid or commitu^e of votnoD vtnUd 0on» or^ 
the drinkiDg-plAft* — induding CA« drng^Usr* 
profjoiMor rafuHod to scxredti to tb« vrblMS of Ibo* 
— «very tnonting nfxet tho pn^^erHDHdng. 
vriw Gliij«<?n, vrUiMd diitjr it vnw li> inake tlio ttj 
proA«ut l!>i* pT«dgo lo tlie liquar-MHer, umI 
kioO Mill |>cr»uA»;Tc AT^mr-nL to inducv 

"At firat tbo tDen KccMd wUtiag to 
qa<wtioD, to bring fonr&rd Uielr exfliwea* 
cirilly to Um poi«uiidtoQ« of tlio wooMa 
ftwhiki (inding that it wu ik>4 a trwuksiil 
offortf but wan atfuminj; n peraaDODt forv» 
doteroiiDed Dot to y\ti4, ihoy cloMd Uwir 
day at tJie hour whan LIm womeu won ici U»t 
vUitisg thecQ. Thiu failicig to gaaa admil 
wDoien knoelttd in tho tcreoit and pnjod 
oJo*«ddoon- 

*- Alwat thb tiBK (PvbruATy) it bsgma U> 
perad around tliul Llio Adair Iaw w«i ia 
IninadiAtijly the u-lirgnph IlivJied mi ^ 
forlli btftwtwri Ui« leagutm tltruLJ^boul. ibo State, 
galod vreio elected to bu ivutlj to etart at a 
ootioo for Colinobia. A peiitioti atfaiiua 

wu aeJit &t>nj II , wiUi tbrco btUi« 

nornoA, ull vigood oi ao cr«niiig itic«tiiig. 
Hot time to ctutvwo Uio lovt^ aud fii«ti<U at 
woro rvftdy to aciuL word of ibc lint attack on 

" Wbeiber or not Xhht t¥A» of prepuatioo i&Ua 
tta ooonuoa, Uia law ww not repeat eiL 

" Mr, \y. Ih IL Dquq, dnjggiit, 
incoiMod at tha rejwatcd Tidti of th« 
•lEort* to iadtica lUm lo aSgu ths pladgo. 



TrOH£^ EEFORUSBA. 



WS 



Wljr wheu Uiey liitd a hbi^Iler ortfcted iu iho eLroet iu 
fiocit of his store where thcr might «mg »od pmy 
lOUt ezpoMure to Dm viiiter*^ Llaflta, got out an 
LCCJon roatT&inmg tbo wqiucq £[0B TWting LJm ic 
Lt waj. 

"^ AppUcatiOQ wu immediately maco f^r d diiiaoliitioD 

_«f Um iojunoUoD, lUkd the cfttf« camo on ftt th6 Febnuury 

of oourU The injunction iroa dissolved cd the 

of & ^irnl Qav iu th« applit^tion of tike plainlitfl 

Mr. Duim ftUo brouf^fat suit againsC the omstden 

ftUogod tie«|HUN, ADtl ftMkcd ten thovu^oitd dolla» 

iges. This Biiit waa not to comd oq for some 

lIw, owing to tho fact tbat the partjes were not 

Lif for in:i\. 

[*< Maiilim« the women decided not to go on with the 

woHc whiltf ihiH 0uit ww iHrnding, h^tving no wiiih 

My the Uvr, eTcD in &ppearmnce. But ttiei« waa 

ly to do. 

'" The CooaUtutlonal CouTeutiou b^ at laal flniahod 

labofVt aixt ecpt forth, for the cotifit deration of the 

)[« of Ohio, a now consUtutlon. li| thia eonatitn- 

ka* provision had to bo mado for tbo moDagcmoot of 

uaffie ill, and manufavturi* of, attlent apints. 

So atroDg bod liocome tho inEltianco of tlie temper- 

BCYvment, that tho mmuben of tlie eonvoation, 

ol snond joilgtoont and diacri mi nation, saw that. 

nevl tbi; que.-(ti(iti fairly, tbi-y inu»1 BulinuL Ui die 

i choice H« '.o which cf two clHUsea shonid be 

inu> thn niiLfiiiliilton ; nun favnring tlio M'Ktcm 

tlcnbao to Hell tnuixi^ting tk^uoru, thu other upjioHod 



Dai wlua bttd tJie women to do with that They 

re not TOl*rs, No, ihcy wcra not voLcm, but tbcy 

Id bo itiffcrtr* if tho Btat« Ikenaed thia t«rnblo 



S64 



70NSfr or THS QEtOUBT. 



traffic. They could &ot baiUto* tbej (Ured 
bftck. 

'< Mcetiuga wure a|)poUitM in the cburdici tad 
icbrKilhou«M of Iho niml ctUtricta ; uid to tb«i« nttt- 
in^» the eniMdeni wen: in LitUc i;«uU«« ol thrM or 
or kttf a doMD, and triod to tnftuo tho ffpbit of 
<Tniiuule into the h«Mi« of Uio people. Tbdr cti 
were IVom the falnesft of ibelr own hesiu only, 
kburod argnmoiitN, no long wind 4^1 -apowliM; jusi 
Ing ibe matter over ba friend wlib friend, or at 
nrighlkor m^bt upoak with ciDotbor. Haw kindljr 
vroitU were rooeivod, aud bow bcanHy their 
were scoonded bjr the men of Ohio, let thm fjito of A*^ 
liceoHe clauae tell* 

" At the close of the aanmer of 187i, four 
had been cloMtl ; one hotel h^d changed hands, uj 
bocoDkO a teoDpertnce boiwo i ftoxilJarj leftj^iM* W 
heon OtfUblUbcd in masl oi Uie towmdupi in lligUial 
County ; and the women bad done Lhetr thare m d«faft- 
leg tlie liconse oUiwo- 

" In OctoUi of 1874, the ChUdten'e LMgw 
orguniced, iind between two and thrve himdrid 
were enrolled u memben. The Interact meniftd 
the children haa t>een wonderful and moat vtMDi 
anil livey »U1I turn onl bruT^y, every two weeka, 
with Lheir aoogB uud apeecbn lo ' balp the 
along/ ptitting to aliAme some of Uia graWDsip 
who. knowing tbdr duty, do it nuL 

** Tho Yonng I^ooplo*a Lcaguo itas orgviU^ Dt<« 
1874, and for aon^ biouUm wna rory pro»pcn>u«; 
for 50100 perplcxitioa aroee. aod the tueetiu^ veta 
coaliDOed. They baTo not boe^ rviiinied. 

" The Work of the orundera dnrii^ the winter 
lii74-TS ooiukitod principally in the orsuumCm 
■aperiutendeDoe of thcee leoguea^ 



VOHCH BE?OB&n:Bft. 



9^ 



**'The d&ilr laonung pnTor-mc^ung^ were contmued 
intil Jan. 4, 1875, u alito Uio wncIJy crcmng tDCcUtig», 
g^ ono or Another of tho lon^i^s : but> tbc pastors of 
h« cborcb^ bariDg dedd^d to hold a s<9hcti of reli 
;toti> ]D«etiiig«, it WIS thought beet to diaoontiftuo the 
empenu>u« ni««Tltig«, and they w«rc not mvumcd till 
IwSth of March, wh«& a meeting was called to detON 
nEnn vliatlior iho Indii-H wuo^d woik tor tho tompvr^ 
IDCO fair to be betd In CinelnnAti 1b« woODd week In 
April. Committpfv wi-ro appointed to take cIm^o of 
iho matter; aiv\ eIik fe?iull Y/ttrt more ihan m.nhundn^d 
loQan* worih of art:cl« to send to the bir, including 
lomtKma from ibo >-outi)^cr len^uos. 

"The aoit of Mr- Dunn agiinst tbc erusadera, for 
■U^cd tTCtffMsa^ wu beaid u\ tho May tonn of court, 
babra Judgo Gta^, 

^The jury fdt olli^d, by the ndm^ of tho oourt, 
to d^^ddo in favor of Mr Dmm. and awarded him fivo 
ddlaig daaagee. Tho counsoL for the dolntoe made a 
U£l of oxcepLiorm to tho rulioga of Jodgo Gray, and 
ifipealed to the Dlatdct CourU The ea^ was not 
dicMled there, and wan pacced on to tho Supremo Court, 
wUTt it b DOW ]>eudiiig, and probably will not be 
ilm^ln^ for two or thrve ypare. 

" After M?renil futile elTurtH to Keozire a placo they 
OKild «}] tbear own, tbe cniuders were unerpeGt«dIjr 
tuti&nd of a room that was vacvnt, and which they 
txual vit>uld aitawer for the preiieDL It wan r«ui«d, 
doaticd, repaired, a&d ftuuiEhed ; and tho tadica look 
poaMA^n on the 6th of Noreoibcr. A ptaYor-moeliiif 
bhcid there every Wednesday afternoon, at hnlf^put 
tao o'clock. pTttiided orer by ludioii in town ; and at 
tba eamo place are held the raontbly evening mootingSt 
Open to alL Want of tbno forbLclt Uxe ialiing of much 



yfO^aSt OP TUH CtOfTTBT. 



that ui inUT««tii]$;. The uiviiwnoK tlw pctttt'raat 
pdOD&c^ Um boxes of olot)iiiii> fiftolcMi and fteot to 
iH»t<ty, tbo oonvcnUoDti, ftoil the gnrftt otiUiWMUfl 
meetJn-^ -* bU Uieae, Uk« Uir white atootf^ km 
murkoil tho loilsoKi« wnj. 

** And If ever tre are peipUxiNl ud UiKlvred I4 
pmtrc-ntion of onr vrork, ifoiirw»jr is hedfrrd up 
QAi ADii we kuuw U'.il wliiiib way tii turn, wv hftw 
to stand «(iil Ktid IUi^d; ami Hi^ra sliaJI come te 
floetitig duwD from Uui vbLrry livigbtt, the dki 
words, * Fi*ar dov. liUle Jlook : it ba nij FWUier'* 
(leaffure to give jou the Idngdom.' " 

Proiid of my roUUoTi»hip to two of the m<M 
warkcRf, «>ch promLneot in their rDi>{)«ctivo 
mMittoii firfct Mra. Stoam Asv Girrou> 
MAitT Axx WoOD&BiDOm. Thpy im coiuitift««ai 
Naotucket Quaker eteek, tbo frTaoddeii);hU:r> of 
Mitchell, the f^ndlather of Maria ; 10 tJu4f wlule 
eoQftIn is btl|UDg young women to see Uie fttan 
the tdeeoape* tlte other two are eeekiog to nre 
men from »^<ing th«in lliroiigh tho wifie<cu^ 
GifTonl Ubora In the EasU and >fnc Woodbiidgi im 
Wwt. Xin. (tiJTonl wu bom in VM Rirer, 
1ft!^llii ju«l nijw rvuMesi in Worcester. Mra^ Wi 
tiridge reAides in Ravenna. O. The melileo 
Mn^ nilTonl vnm Mitdirlt : tUl of Mnw Woi-ll 
waa BTayti>n. Mrs. GtSord luw brreD a 
of the ChriAtien WomanS National Tcmpenuiee 
reutioD ever etnce H waa on^aDisod, She reibi 
6nt Woibod'a Tecnpcrance Conveotioii in Mj 
tetts, and wm ite first pre^idetit, and wtp foUevvd 
Uaij A- l.ivcnnore- She hae heen prceideot ef 
locel eocbaCT to Worceeter ever tinee iti 
Her pereoiMl work b; epeeoh and pen It 



WOMEU'J HKTOIUIKBA, 



867 



Baiii« may be fi4i<I of h«r eounii Mn, Woo<t- 
— both of vbom ato often hc«rd in ranouB 
prcftcfaiag the ^^pel of ttispcrsncci tt4 
bong ft Qaalcer, and the othicf a Ccmgr^f^atiotLalist. 
la dutiet Oil wifo and rootbor are not rw^tvctcd, tb« 
ODOfl botng groflra to h«lpord; and jet pubUo 
an Uthfull}' p<Trfonn«4. 
To t«nip«ra&c« eflort hns Iwen sa poTrerfo] ainoe the 
Ija of tho AV(uhmgt(>ni&n movement, whvn John 
rUofl went tl^rouf^ti ilie laiul. [jortniyhig llie mUeiy 
iIianbBrit, nwl l4r]!ing Llui Uinching fAtyry of hia 
daughter Hamiab {iciMimdin^f \um tii Itrt Hlruri)^ 
ftloEie. As in tL« ilaj'A of th€ wVi many trooieu 
pTOinineiit who hxti until then btrrn (|uict]y 
God in tbeir bome>« ao, by thU auddon temper- 
"aacc aiA-akcnio^, iDnny iromcn were brought forwud 
placed of notorietr wLo bad never dreamed of 
before. Among tbicao was the fmrJen, oonao- 
orator irhooe record ia thus aketebed by a aym- 
fnond; — 




FftAKCSS E. WiiXAftD. — It has btcome a tniifim 

mm of genius liave been endowed wt!li ibeir Firtu* 

f puree by a gifted mother: it U gmtifying to 

-- Ui«t tftltint un 1U0 uul«!niiil •nda stomrtiiiiieM »itr- 

II] the dfUTghter. 

liM Williinl in a happy illuslmtron of hcrodiUuy 

taa, having had a long line of anc^ntora who wcn^ 

Icctnal Atltlclcs; to her ntoUicr. howcTcr, arc dlt* 

traceable Uie oombin«d ntrei^th and grace of 

intellcctiiiJ end noraJ DAturcs. 

-Mm. Willcud sprung fmin tho tzwUtional line cf 

irs and school -t^aoUem that ha» given birth to 

fiimt ^e of New EngJimd bmin. She bud Uw 



Sd8 



woMiCN or Tim ciumnnr. 



huOy GonvtituUon and the common-«e1io<t] 
Ui« Gn«u Mountain gUl ; Keu«r gift 
^ngvr UiirHt for higtwr <;uJtut«, Uut jffvm 
liiifcrnri|;« niUi Iia lulilnl c«rQ of (hrm UiU« 
biko « i^fiirae (>f flluily nt ObeHiii Cullv^*. 
Culltfiftt U>»u muHt Uavv |inminiU7tl ni9 Attruc 
batik porciJUt, wilU tkcii flou litenry ta^ta 
of iDtcUROloAl Gorarad<!fLhi{i ; Itut both VTAnt^ H 
TJficed to tbo lioiiitcliolil p€n^U9^ uid « ow; 
rcfu>lvc<I upuu during iho bDprc«iibl« jws 
young family. 

" At Ja&<«vilk, WU-t on r Ann looclyt but % 
\Xt*AAt»mm^ uitture and l>eiiutifyiuy art ouuld 
Miw VVillTtrd paM«d Um yvtn &-om MTsa to 
Thtt HC'cludcd lif1^ wiib whoob aud plityniAl 
out, threw lifir upon the boundl«Ai but 
t««t«d rettDurcu of tutuni, *u[»]i1tQ]ciitcd alwaj 
mother't muumifid store. To ihi^ c«r]y umI 
co(iipiuitoiiidii[] wtth thn dear iDollicr of m si 
rDiroBtfi \Xie i«cret of ber eiiduHitg cb«erfulii 
ropom to Lh4] biwirl tbai b«mt« in tum\ «« like 
uld Etunien^lut of the lereuity, tbo hope, iIm 
tbmt clkuvctcriu} thia child of bcnw 

" The great ouU^oor vorld, wiib iu loeki 
Uughc tbo i&iprcAnblo girl momb uid m 
wliilc ftx>8i b^k«i tbo family tatii, usd ib« I 
dtiviocri 4>f A vfitfo and wutning laoLbcr, tli^yo 
l«amcd the luitud )rt«|n tip Uio Aic«p hill of kno 
Thti ru^timuub) of mdJng, and tbo immortU |i| 
of bburty, wot9 louniid togoth«r frtmi 'Tba 
Friend/ The iiow«papei« wen doToured « 
lost thut irniintry IJfu giro* to new* from Ibo 
ing world of biuotmity btfyond ita kon : 
l]iO iiiUtt litenrj «9l4n>, tnothor mDd 



-^^ 



IVOMMV ftSrORVKftfi. 



271 




iptr. with its •ditor and «ntir« corpfl of con- 
mion from Um homwhcld band. lodvud, ibia wise 
»ther culHvsMd in •very vny th« ulrnt of her child, 
d flbared fnlly to ber Joy u-hc-u )[<*r llr^t [Mililinb^ 
4c]« dancerl he£»e h«r cblldisli «yF8 from iho col- 
Bna f>r Lttt? Cliiutt^> prritdt, Al xixtcnxi Uic jtJttnj; girl 

ther Mcocd Ulervy veoiurB. by competing sue* 
ty fnr tho prize offered by Uie lUinoiH Agri- 
a Society for tbe beat essay apon 'Country 

»ner, the tenOTal of the Eunily to Kv&iulon 
tho way for nn cntrauicc into tbo new life of 
fla, GmduaUfd from the Woiaan*8 College at 
Snikstoo, Miu WilUrd opened bcr career as an 
iduator by teacbii^ a distriot school at Harlem, a 
3iiGago suburb- KoQowing thk, sbo bocome precvp- 
Ruat Qeoeaee Weadeyan Seminary, at the same dme 
nSii^ the pOKt of sfcryrUry of tlm ' Woman'* Cent«r- 
iibl Awcciatton of die MethodUi Cbiuth.' Tbe next 
fW filio wa« et^ctfd proU^f^sor of natural BcSeocv in the 
EivttUiii Ctilltfge for Women* and r«Ui:f)mAli«?<l that 
chiir for a position in the coUego at Pittabuig, Mean* 
tble ftho wrote the atoiy of ber abter'e life* pnbU.ihcd 
trtbe Harper B roth ci3» under ihe litLo of 'Kineteeo 
katiful Vcar^- 

■lo 1868 a l>eDigi]Ant fortone^ in tbe pom>n of ber 
^^ MiM Eate M. Jaclc$on, enaUed MUa Willard 
Inake a tour abroad. For two years and a iialf 
i$ trnveUcd with her friend, vuiting nearly every 
Boropean eonntry* tikaking tbo Xcnr of the Holy Land, 
mdiag with reverent feet tbe nicrH >oit of Palestine, 
•d ptopoitnding riddk» to the Egypliun apblnx. This 
viod was ono of nnrenutttng nciivity to her eager 



t72 



WOHRX or TRK UKNfTJBI* 



nbi). Muoh of thb iIbm abe ^tutlied nine boon a 
ma&i^riDg tha Kroccfa «Dd JcAlnti UngoaipoB, and 
lug gnitl prDgrefti fn the liliclor)' at ibo fins artK. A^ 
Psria 01I6 solM yeiLr was litiTOtcd to ■todj',— Half tha^ 
time at dt« College tie Ftiuict, nkero lectum ^"^'^ 
heard (rom the oc]&biated Laboulaye* Chule, Legoo^ 
acid otbon. ' Ilarpcr'a Mignine,* ' Tbe IndepeodetH. 
and tha Cbica^ pspetB r«06iv«d ortioli* frnis (^^ 
pCD ; but tbo cboiCQst frtuu ol tbMa mjiaj jflar*, 
joarnale, arc yet Co be dullod. 

'-In ItiTL MiM AVilUnl wai dcoted prttUM 
EvAQBtoD CoI]ef;e> the first iiutitution of bigb 
uoder a womiiti'B board of tmxtaat, ami irii^ 
department* luelndlng the flnaaoUl,-^ Ofmmftt\ 
inocMflfully odoiinituerad by woimil 

•'In larS, when tha Woman'* College bccMt 
iDi!Ofp4irAt«K] part of tli« Nortb-ireflt^m UniTvnatf, 
WilUrd urjM i-inoted dean uf llie UfiUuge, and 
oftfeibelica in itie tmiT«nutjr- 

*' In 1874, when it became impouibla to oan7 ontl 
efaenahcd plan of goTemment ui llie oonega.— a 
pursued vritli tbe bcstt rrsulU during ita aepatite 
eoce, — Mi^n WiHaid refi^o«d bolli pomtkma. 

" In October of the samo jcar, the ^roat Uia| 
wave that Bwepl over the land rtachcd tbtf praim 
tlw Wwt, and fouii<l Tkliu Wtllard eUdying Bethetis] 
her quiot oountrf Lome. She who bad * iMTer 
one hour of thought to ikn liquor-tmffie,' «he 
' never eeen the injiide of a iali>oc' and ot«q 
vrine fredjr when abroad, waa wo Btmcd hj the da] 
story of women vrbo fiartd it>r tbo tfagedv iu 
women's Uvea eiKxugb to nmch ont a hal|iing 
that the vhflle current of bcr life waa 
Under a ataadj fire of D|i|)ositiuu &otu Goodly 



WOUr^fl KKrOt!>i£R3. 



879 



tbe bloira that t«ll mostt— she enlUtcd in tht tarn* 
ICO work. Siaco tbnt time she haa been an emhu* 
'aJaalic juid Bucoettcfiil Vmlvr in l}i« nolvio cauv«. As 
preMtUnt of tlie Chit^o Wocuin'H Temjiemoee Uuion, 
had corrcripQciiliiig stscrctMxy at th« NatioOHl Womtn'A 
Tcntperanca Umon« abe liAii fotuitl s wttl« fti^M fen tlia 
txcrctM of bcr best gifU. DcAid^pcTfonmog Uio duties 
(tf tbead pottittons, and doing modi oocasiouii) work* 
obicdj in tbo liac of tciDp«nLDoo JltctuUire, ebo bia 
been out of (be ablest cbacapions of the caiise upon 
tbo laocum-platfomu 

» Mba Wjlkrd eoeto^ to bavo b«co codovcd with that 
iomedm«* t^taX ^&» ft mo^t wiod talent. Aa oo edn- 
QiUor, the bad ttie raro }>o^Tor of mousing the ODtbn- 
tium of btr pupils^ not only in iotellectual punulta, 
but in the attiiinmfrnt of noblo charactar. Her con- 
lUut aim was U> swcnro an endojenotia gitivth of mind 
Eotd, like Arnold of Ragbj, she Derer loat Ealtb 
W pnpilji, Hfii) nbe won from tbnm :He lore and tha 
It^ witli which Harry Eaat exdalcna, ' He believei 
A fellow I' Aa vriler and spvakpr, Mua Wiilard 
a dangetoiu iacility, ihat ilone pr^ventM b^^r 
the lugheat rcaulta. Nature metut bur toi a 
lurnaltflt, but tliiraft^ her own de5L^ bj giving faer 
heart of a pbilaathropuu AMj aa aha writca, 
revvr, Mi» Wilbird> rarcat tntdlecUuil gift it a 
genius for oonversatioii which standa unrivalled. Like 
mi FuIIdtV bcr riutnra, poculioily eloctrioul, 
idd the receptive aad leepooeave toaoh of other 



"^Theae (DtoUt-elual gif^^ have been aupiilemeaLed bj 

graoM of character- Tbo brilliant mental etidovr- 

[«[>U 4iid tbn ilttlioau! moral IriuK blend, liku Uie pri:^ 

^tio hoes, into a broad my of ^vhite light ruliant vrxth 

name of /Vin«j< E, IViUiird:' 



W0?1ES RPJ»ORJfKR&. 



an 



the vftr, Mrs, ^\^.tt<iwn^rcr set 

le the fouaddr of tbd indtitutioa bcAring this 

in lomu It u not gcnorolly kno^n thnt Uii^ 

lent ori^nAted with Uie bcavo wotuau who had 

for the htisbftDds wid futb«n, amid the dftngeis 

suif^rrlDg of camp and hni&pUAl life. Wlii-r: Uio fact 

aiich an imuitation p::u Ut hm opened in loira 

la IcnovT), huckdnrdji of ftoldioni mnd orpltmn* be- 

thfl wards of ibe f^Iat^. Ry rei|iieAt of Uw Floard 

Llanag4-ts of tlio luva Ilnnrir, hIic irroit tn ^Vuilung- 

Cilj", ttud obUiucd itom Socretary StaiHoii aad 

icrdeporttnvntioo'Opcratuigtho beautiful barracks at 

ttU vhlch ooet tl>e Govei-amcnt forty^ix thou- 

lAn« and bo^itn] supplies oraouotivig to fivo or 

tUMod more, atibjcct, linnrev<ir, to the approval of 

which vrna af:erirard secured through iho 

of Hod. llirvQ Prioe of Iowa. Tliat ii^ttMition 

imodated orar fi^e hQudred ohitdrdD at one time. 

loa froro aft4>ntfard org&tiisod, aiKl tbo iiwtittitton 

maintaiDs a fionmUIng exjsteooe, Mrs. Witteo* 

ir'a nctJvo mind next oonc«ivod thft idea that the 

amount of feinalo tale&t and eoeigy broi^ht into 

ritjr bj Uie pbilanthn^jr of war «hrtij1d be tnain- 

iii CliriAthui wofic In tho i!liiin?hc!ii^ Bi^hup 

Ijboq, always le^dy to co-operate in ereiy i&nve- 

it prom»ng grciiUrr QHufuIncM for troini-ti. rntrrrd 

Ijr into UiU plan ; and tJ;e AluthodUl Churcli 

kEih«d a Home MUevonary Socioty of vomcn. 

u£cd for the cxprcoa paipoeo of nuiuaterinf: to the 

J and fpirittial nceda of the strangcn and the 

ft was roado a Oeuenl CoDfereooe Society at 

lafrt M««jon, and Mra- Witteomeyer was elected its 

iponcUng secretary. In the laet year over fifty 




WOMEN OW TUK OKBTVUt. 



of iha Hoiirtj. At tli« oomimiiieofiMmC of Uii* 
vork, Mra. Witt^am^x^T reaioT«d &i>ai Iim to 
d«tphi&. ftnd foutiftcd hor paper, 'Tli« dki 
WociuOf* aa imlividiuJ «nter|niM, which liaa 
«sc«ptaonally Hucooadiil. She hiw iaor« r«ootiU; ostafa- 
Un^od a paper called ' TUe Chn.-ition Child/ which a 
rapidly vinaiag iu way to pabli^ fnTor. In additiw 
to chia heuvj puUivhitig work, Mnu Wi£t«mti«j«r Ih 
caiTMd tha laiga sncioty at-ova dwctibed through lO 
tbt dUBeuldei inddent to our gifnoral financial eafai^ 
lavaeat, travellinff thousands of mitoa in its Ini 
■nd «pfl«lcing Wforo octiitvnncta in vt^Tj Stat* 
Maiii« to CalifornJft. 

'* When, lui nn notgroirLh of thfl oni^ule, the 
aaoo wuinaii of Amiuiot mtl in th« fini naiional 
Toniioo* it was bub natural that thoy abotUd chonM 
a leader odo whoM iiatue vaa alrQsdjr fragrant wiii tb 
bkovnga of a thotuaod homea, and whoae achj^ ti 
in the pmni were not onlj a strcnj^tli hot a guaraatj 
th« future^ Tho »oori of the Ia»t jfmx Ulustntei 
the wudocQ of tbear ohoioe- Twenty new StaU« 
beeo organned a^ aiudtiarj to the Naliooal Ur 
*Tba WotDan'fl Tompentnce Union* vae foaad«d 
Mrs. Wiiteooieyer as pnbliidier, and a jeneraJ m\ 
WM f^ven to the work nil mlong the line. Um. Wli 
meyer baa labored witbodt ce^ntloii, apeakiof. 
ing, attending State oonv^ntionn, of which fonj' 
bare tioeu hold in the puitje^u'^ Sbebaaalwaja 
wnted the new ■f)i!ipcjr with an abiliij of tbonght 
ObrijtLian earn«flto?9W of maniier vhu^h bare woa 
of frieti^U for the catise. At tb^ recent actiiiml luarj 
at CLncincinti, Aho prc;^i<)rd wiih c-WiMtciuktic 
ai»d waa n^lrctinl president for the centennial year 
a tmaoimotia vote." 



woftos BJcroftviiBa. 



81ft 



WlioD tkoftnnnjJ noMtingwms faeld in Novrftric. Oct. 
£7. 1$76. ah« WW a^ln aoaiiimo^y elated pnnifkiit; 
tnd (be sudienoe broke out in suigiat;^ ■ HaUelujabi 
|mba Uia I^>nll' Tlio elKctli>ii8 of ck&t finmuKin 
will luDg t^ [ilei^^nlly remeuiber^ aa ordfirljr, uimnl* 
ixKBi, ftod kcctMiijuiiiiril with ihc ninging of iu>ino li^nn 
■K ft Ml] to tl« work. TIihL day, Ttir the ftnt iimt!« I 
PVlr and Le^rd 4 ^uoW comaicoc^ tbc singing of E 
1 bjnm. Bs A1f». QiiTord sUxusd Uie vene, -» 

■ W« ■han OUT mateiJ vom. 

FxmriB W. LuTBa ia 6ii<^her of thoM tompcriuico- 

innen. She wm born in X^lAy in Portuuoucht O., 

ifid «B« th« Uitrd oliild in a iunily r>r tMTeu : h<?nc« li«r 

fonih vraa no stranger to care and labor, which she 

My txtrcif^ Sho i^tudiod siiocMMfaU}' id the public 

>la. the Hon, E. B. Wliiie being her teaclier in 

high*«(nhnot couRVf, anil mkir hrgitn to tifiMTh^ She 

iUi(li«d at an aL^eicy in Granville, O., where «J>e 

tJiiight gpotnrtTjr arid ji1;^cbra, thna meeting ec- 

Sbe gtwltiatfld in tlie Aiirmaer of t8fi4, and 

iQBCeaaeuiDcd the charge of tho Xtrnta High School, 

afterward n( that i:i [>ii/ton« Hero vhc became 

aequainccd with a Mib. Baloa» who proved a "mother 

in laracl." and hclpc<l her to gr««Mr connccration of 

fOoL SbQ hkd heen convDctod, alio tliooght, at the 

early a^re of moe. fn lt^9 -^ married S. UnLinatd 

Leiter of Alanafield, O., where she haa aince lesided. 

givee thia accowit of her work as a refonner : — 



When the aaiko«pher« of the cmsnde in iti unao- 
ito and SrreHiuJhle munrwr bt^an to traapaM 
eo eoQserrative a cor|torfitjon aa Mansflold, I waa 



WOMMN RKFOBUKEa. 



&81 



aI hour brmi^ht umumr to my pmyr r, luntm wliicb 
lu*vc never for uno o^ouieut qut^iioueJ uiy dulj- 
gt««t niAiler. 

,wo ytAi* bftve BteauL more to my spSrit- 

otl of Lhe preoediD^, hdc€ I took upon 

Cbo naiuo of ClinstV foUower. 1 Ahull ti^rcr 

bo grfttcfiil to my niolJicr, whcMO vukqiic»tioi>- 

upoee in Hfe so early rooted my Muf in thf v^d 

,- for ft nature eo chAnictcnsticaiJy p<wtir^ in 

and Dii;*bt hjivo led to n ChmtmD i>Kperi«&60 

d with doii^itd snd perpJe<xiUe8, hud my conver* 

Don deferred untU mAttircr yeank 

Kf teiDpf^rancB canse b a trork :!int I (f{tr« ik>f 

The forici! of au rA/«RM ittttrtrt, viih which 

hu kiiidly endowed me, I Uy at iJio feet of aiy 

, boljoriog thai even tbi» qi^nlificHtv^n vmi he 

mied in the greai ettmt of Aviug i^erL-ditii^ 



llcCttbe btan Uie foUowiEtg teetiinony ; — 



wna threatened with h Hoenae dauao [d 

itution* and her atanncd CJiristiaD citi- 

and women, poorc^ down upon tlie Coo- 

tb«] Convention tbeoi sittipg in CkLginnjLtl. to 

., one of the ino«t DoUce«Mo women in that 

lemi^crance oonreotioD vas Mrs. Knume W. 

of Manj^3eliL 

Ltttting n vocaied TOmuiiuee-roo^, the writ^ saw 
ig alnne, ft enaJI lHrJy> dpiiimiis gmcefiil, juid 
, hm* ititcllectuiJ hend nivi light hauel eyest bend* 
;ent]y ov«r a ci>i:ve[itti)<i n-aniiML-riiil wfaioh her 
|VD WB0 fitting ftir tiir ptihlio caTi At the chwn 
. coftrr^loaa conventiout iu which the pieiy, the 




iBCt to » »^ ^« and WO"* 

^, Wo--»-' Cb'^J^ ^^„^. St. S^-^fi 



VOM3CK REFO&UZR8. 



$^ 



V4« bom in the yeu 1S27 at Sidney FUir&, Delft< 
Cotmty, N.Y. Arrtno and Eliia Cluko vr«r% my 
anm«. Uy borne wm Icwaled on a graaay upland ; 
M soutbom horizon botindud bj a lofly mottnuin wrnlE 
iTidlng the TuUeya of Lh« Delavrftra Mxd Suaquvlian- 
iL. Tb« en^Uflni iini) wnstem outlook, hliic moiinUin 
ttUnc«ai Ibfi nortlicm, ugap lu tbt- ran^os, wberv Lbo 
Ibeoftsgo Biak«& confluooce vritb the SuAquebuiDa; 
Ml b«Lwe«Q were tlio liltlo vilUge, w;d<i plaiD, toitu* 
u nrtf, V)d grores of inloitiuDgled cboataut and 
fCfgr«c4)- 

^So&fitimeA in tbe village bohool, oftener under % 
Rnto Uochcr ttt homo, inetn>ct«d in tbo oKtinuj 
BBnoe of obildbood, xa whicK dnwin^ and Frenob 
MIS ftdd«d, blmott s bennit vith tbo wild aiittleM, 
ittatuit crioafif feno, and OTej^rMos, under tb^ t^U 
ttt eyo of 4 CcQaecdcct iaotb«r wboee fit«p« vera Ul 
vdond bjr tj^tecog, I reftobed my twetfUi yoar, and, 
locmding to the «rpres»«d viewa of % family fnend, 
WU '■• pnotic&l BA ft Yanki-e, »iid dreuoy a» A 
BAdoo.' 

^■*Th« Mxnewhat sUm md tJutugtitful cb«riU]UiTof 

rreBb^temo Cburcb tenpered die exubemuoo of 

ff^ie ; but, upon my ffttbcr'a convctsaoD, tbo inSa* 

wbicb tbe memory of Wbitoileld. a frctjuent 

wbcn in America of ht< aotbcr'a CiuiiUy. hud 

bim, moved him to invite the Mctl^oduit iliDcruat 

botno. Our ftcquaiDtnnoe in tbut direction 

estoniiTO; and teldom a day paneod, without 

ikflnda of tbeea eam«st men, «itli«r furriving or 

ilng, bnDg liud ui bet«dieUon on my head. 

i waa twelrey^an of ago, my hth^t changed 

Lce to Klmira, N.Y^ wheru I continued my 

aikl, at the ago of sixteen^ became a member 



WO»KK fiXPOUIKM. 



887 



" Soos after, I wno soliottotl to toko the position of 

itnw at DickioMO S^muiary, WiUiajiupOdrt, Penn. 

Nvrar having oont«inpl:it^1 teftching, and moxptrmnood, 

I il«olin«d, but accepted on being ooUcitad again tome 

DODthflaft^r Tbo yoting liulics* department wm now 

tlnKMt wboUy under Day oare ; and the d^re to inspire 

Ui€n to love ^nd aoek the iH>l>lQ>it things qnito at> 

cHjed ttie. I alno InttgUl drawing und Pmnoh tihicB/, 

vhtch made my lifv a rcrf bu«^ one. AaoeJated with 

Dn (now Biftbnp) BovTUj^iat I apent nevt^n jeai> at the 

aeoiiBaf7t at the end of wbick in 1867. 1 was married 

to Uor. Dr. RIcCabe, profoMoi of philo:<nphx in 0, W. 

UntTorutj, DekTiat O., al whleh place I Lave aboa 

neid«d, 

**Thfl riding of the Woman's Foreign Ubeionary 

Sooiatyt hko a etor aboTo woman^e horiton, seemed to 

Bie, aa t considered, to b« full of moaning and proinLae, 

and engaged my active interest at onoe. Id tbe redemp- 

tioD of th& itiqiUm cni^rgy of Chriadan iremeD for the 

«dva]>cem«^t of the w^rld, and in tbe nev life it has 

giren to miitnon work abroad. It tranicenda all my 

aartj augurfea of iti* power and DecPsaity, as a new 

&clor in the anitia of Trt\rttti[yUvm QflTort, It troa a 

prapttattfiry tiU^p to liie wid«r and more general home 

TOik inaQg^uzat«d by and for wotacn. koown aa tbo 

or teniwraooa work. 

^Brery reriyal and reform baa, if genuine, iU bfe 

in IndiTidual voula. My own expericaee bcforo 

apprcach of ibe temporancc crasodo wa» eimilar 

ta that of otbcrs. Tbcrci ciimc to me much aorrow in 

the dfTpth of my epirit, for the lost conditloOi sptntnal- 

ly, of the throning men 1 met as I paaM>d ak>i^ the 

Kneta. The Cbnreb seemed powerless to erreat c? 

their oonsciencBS. (jhxl seemed like an aver- 



ad8 



vouuff or THK UKKTCnr. 



SmnliDg prflMffioe, ilcfirin^. plevdriig for bdp, tor 
mmO, 'ag&iikAl tLo mighty.' Tht Portr-AxUi Pnli 
wtm giTcn U) me, iriUi tho iUunaioaUuD. UaI tlia stonu 
And flooela th«r« mcntionc^i indicate tlio itnvinifi nod 
outpouring of Uiq Holy Spirit, ibe cStci of wbicb b 
toinak«S:lftd with Abounding righU}OUflD«»i Ua« Hnng 
Churab- Thi« erpenoDoe ami pnmiM I cLuu for ihal 
phasd of like tenap6nu>o« refona which l}«e&n in 74. 
wliicb is rcfluUin^ in lo mooh and vmhed good. I paid 
Uttk atientioQ to tbfl coming 'cmndft/ Mag «Lb«^' 
^ru« mucb ftb»oH>^. I did not «U«ikI Ui« fini mpH 
fug held Id oar cky by Dr. Lenis. On going tba oext ^ 
day* r W1M ntnaied to 8nd our largnt church iimwdgiT^ 
vlih citkftiML PacnUnr lu^eninlty v«tt«d upon *k^^ 
taMmbly. A nunlster rose, and, saying Qod tmmat^^ 
fEpeoLnlly to Iw calling nrnmcn, roqtttiatcd me to F<Ss„^ 
Greatly anipnsedt and ttniid at tUo praaenc* of ^^-i^ 
crowd, M I knelt, i>o worda wore giren me, bat tboa^. . 
tbo Paalin above meniioaed. Thai day tba oiaa^^ 
was innugunited is UeUnran, a thing I auppoatfl t^^ ^ 
oopoa&lbla, IniDMdiatcly after the morning anaetitig; 
vaeaant with oUiora to tho fint oonventioin oT * 
tadan' aaaamhled at Columbna, Here I fint Heafd,, 
thi kjfmn «/ th4 9rti$ad4, * Nearer, my Ood, to ttmfi 
and aav tha diat thna Mn. Tl^oaipMn of HUlab^* 
and ■ Mother Stawart,* vitb Dr. Die [^w1», and 
women who had been praying bi 0«lr)f>n« the La4 
JDontbi. I beiird many of thoao women apt^k hi 
City Mall, — n'»mnii who hud ciercr bvforo upoken 
public Tbcy apoka with grfat niodvaiy and wii 
fear, of Ood'« h«1p in tha saloona; and some of 
of the inner Ufe anil p«a^o which hod cnma lo 
through thifl wondeifid work. 
**At tbai conTcntiao a btueau of 




3iH9 



voHc^ BKroauB&ei 



^^ru taadt for tti« extecksiati of vork^ Id wlxioh I 

^■frpotattfd to Khar«. Prom ibftt tinw a l*^^ portion of 

^ni/ tia« hu b«efi devoced to thii coSeioa aud wtorMt- 

^FEng vorlc for xavn^ X«xt lo tlie care of tny houMiboId 

tDil die educftUoti of m^* vhiMren, Jt b m^ w>rjfr. W^th 

•on* tvgtvt r n.*WHintiHl for thin, my fikVon;« piinulls, 

■od find I liATB g3fcinod a liiitidri-d-fuld ulitjvn vrW* I 

laro giTftD, WiUiout iiitdleotual dwatilug. h baa eo^ 

biyed Qijr npinUu] nature. Q<aI ho-f (^itcu me lo-s*» 

lli«t tJjera U no toaierUI in the luaverbo so rklit and 

ohjpAbk of t)dng oiouklcd into forma re glohona, u 

iuaaamty. Work od tlua tnateriol yielda rcturua uq- 

aOMUnbljr groodQr and far t&oro ecdoriiig ib&a work 

o& ]itftrb]« or 08&r»< Tbtu to bo dulightened, thui to 

bo oonriQc^, I oounc a uew aooaaion of meotAl riokM 

mad of spirit joy and reflt, than wbiob DOtblng bettor 

oonJd nofv be given me, and to whick is added tbe a^ur- 

mac« that a d£«p«liitttion •qtiallj- rich aod netful tball 

be given dm wbea tb«r€ is no more for me to do, and 

^^p^ b« adDething Btitl to »ufr<T. 

^B **1 believe tkti inc^t coniroUJng elaoientof my lifa 
^Baabeen a aLDgalar tniai in a Divine being* Eariy in 
^PkiT ebildliiHKl I believed, lliaU in au-Hwer to my leiqoail, ! 
vaa cjctitcat«d troui my cbildi&h dilEicuItlea, Ttda cou- 
ftdioc* bas grown vitb mygrowtli, and rtningtbccfd 
lith my atreugtb, U baa beeti suudblae to my Ufo» 
tad hm toucbod ail, oven Uio amallc«t mattcn, a« mud- 
t toucbea all beL>v, amull and great. It baa been 
ODO Urd wMch baa attjaoted thouaaDda more, and 
tb<; bouHU of Euy pilf^riuaf^ with tbeir aongs* It 
be«D my etreogtb in the aiinoyanc«e of a day, and 
tceoMwhieb ravoIuUoniie d«etiuy, and atUl ouikea 
lbs patb of iifa gloir with ever-increaiiing brightnecs. 
*-Wjib a gnoitudit I have no worda to expreia, and 




WaUSH BCJ0IU1E1U>. 



a:j| 




**JUtfaoiigh circunucuMCA conapoliCd her ftbMD«« OD 

oeOBiloD, b^ the uDaDiiDoiiB and hearty rote of tbo 

convention thtt wtm tlrct^d pnttidcot, which offioe «h« 

to-daj ftlbt, cloun^ the aeeandyev. 

** Since tbe troHc b«giiai fa«r untiring enoi^ hu 

pLi/ luid CniULTuIly m«t tli« au);i^t{<>iB« of Uw 

" Wlieibor M ber Mcr«Ur/, oieetii^f tbe mutdtudo 

deotauda throQsb correapoDdeooe incumbeot oq tLia 

•» wnting mcmonaljh iMuing caUft for djtjd of fiut* 

a&d prayer, or protudiu^ in convention requiring 

Ukd U»ting tho ftbiUty* ncrvoi and cndnraDC^ of moro 

tsMOoUne IvmpeminoDta, sbo hu piovdd bervaU equal 

io the moec trriog emeiG^noyi without exhaustuig her 

niOiiTcvA, or ^notudj trv^^puMimg upon tbe inUrMU of 

« hmiy bl^t vitli a devoted vdle and mother. 

"Aft«r thwo months of trial, nod er llie d«prc«ui]g 

dKtintttances of reaction in tfw cause, the united voice 

of tofDpcimnce workvnt pnx^luitn^ htvr t)w ' G(t«Ht of ths 

It' for tbe post aha baa occupied, aod tbe dutira she 

— hn net. 

^H "A ChnnUan ebaiactcr above rrpmacbf wbo!ii> niunn 
^nisjiiouj'iuu for polity and truch. am) irnoM pcetiencfl 
B aitokcti of the ^irit th^t dwclJa in and thnragb bcf 
Wiu^, fihe ctaime tbo love and edCeem of all co-labcrors. 
" Poaa eoac d of a 'cbari^ that ia tncd and aufferulh 
)ng,' tho many annoyaocea that natnraUy niLw through 
kcuftn egcncicfli undtr her intluenoa ftnd direction hare 
dvi&iLlod into a ' creation of tbo bruin.' 

** When thic tetnpemnoe work liaa become a completed 
liUorio reccjil, fint in the ranlu of thoM who atepped 
firvanl at Lhe eftU of the Master, will be found tho 
of one whose ang)o-b«an«<l tru»ti and faith sub- 
In ita iiniplkfty* tided in anohofing the oaiue In 




MRS- ELl/A J- THOMPSOX, 
UEAI49 or THa 11117 CBVIAPC >AiTI> 



WOlUL^l kuroRUftfts. 



8d5 



Thompson vtA dcephr impreased in eortj 
vith the eunwt piety of bor gmulmntbort 
IftKi« ThinbliQ ; ftud, ftl UiQ &ge of eleven yvitts, 
lied l>VTv«!f iTiUi tb« Methodut EpMcofMJ Cbunh, 
tn^b mu)f viobttitud«s, has olunfc wltb great 
&im1 &ffecdoD to tli« djnpto Oiitb of the Ww* 
, In ill ihe wrrovH vid diaippointmeuu of 
irr h-tiirt )tn4 fcHind refuge in tbe ' Jtock of 

7 fthtt wu iBftrried co Mr. J. IL ThompBOD, 

iliuf^g;, Ky. Tli*y lived, fur ttrveral yenn^ In 

ti* Om w-horo Mi. 'Hkompson practisci Law ; 

the apno^ of 184", found tt tc tbeir inteieat to 

to iiUiftboTo', Ler cbiUlbood'a UoraOt whero aha 
ico re«idcd. 

fomily of eight children olaimod % largo place in 
rhompvon's hoart and Ufo ; and for many joan 
red sdone for tho domMtio and acoial drcloA, ever 
y mpondln^ to religiotu and l«nevoleiit oalb. 

t«rnal happtDcu, aUil Is blended with mMenial 
uul afflictiojifl ; and^ a4 yean poasad away, tlio 
of many gnvta lay hehind h«r. A lovtly 
•jtr of nineteen was called to Ae enjoytnent of 
uro in hearty' iti 11j«i Munmi^af IliAD; and five 
later Iter eldest born and ^ifUn] aon ckioed a 

tooching victvatiidei upon tbe ijinel Itanl:* vt 
laqnehanna. Tbe shock vaa doubly }gitAi to the 

bcarL The mountaiiu sepaiated her from the 
eeeno • hut loving onee vere prfisent to tcvoeciro 
«Ty book hiii dying words. — 

^•< ■ la lh« «MM «t Chrin I glccy, 

Toivrtl&f o'nr tlio vmcka of tiiu^i 
All tt< UfU of tacr*!:! itory 
Gattioji nraoA tt» hand nblune* 




TOUC!^ EurOBHlIEd. 



8»T 



iJuIl eomo Id like a flood, tbo Spirit of thm Lord •httl 
Lift up ft standftftl agninst him/ '* 

Mbs, Rodhc. — Mra. Bolcon of Clevi*l»ad, 0>, kbdlj 
hm Uke following: — 




roftt em^rg^tKics dcTelop grrnt cbunoters. Thu 
strikioglj true in our Ut« civil irar. Through & 
biptum of btood, tbo nation learned a aolf'WicrLGciiig 
{eoecosity and Iteroiam. cbe taeraorj c/ wUiub U blcjoed. 
Jf«D gaTft life, Woiaoo gave vfaat waa drnrer Uttn 
Hfa, — tbeir buBbaixb, brotben, and tons. And Ibia waa 
not Mwugb. Wbon Um roalitiea of wax wen upon as, 
vpoman'a bund and bean and voice and atrengib were 
all Headed anrl devotedly givea^ 

■'Among the nuuij who vrCTa r«adr ivber) tlia hctir 
camp, WM Mm. Benjamin Ronse of Clevelftiid, O, She 
wan Itom m 3»U-m, Mmu,, OoL SO, 1800; a Kiiw Hug. 
la&d guh wiib all tbtir eiieifE/ auil ^pirit; a deHoetidanl 
of OUtut Cnriowvll^ witb tnncli of bi» invincibl© trill, 
combineil wltb a nuLQiier retiting and geiide ; witb 
vroaderful czccutivo abiCitj, citiihling her to preside 
meetings, speak befufie audiences if ii^d be« and 
forwfttd oAjr plans ber eonacienco approved* She 
VIA coQvCTlcd at the CAiJy ago of ten ; wa* a I'rtaby- 
tmaa lUJ bcr numage wub Mr. Rouse in 1821, n-hon 
ibe adopted ber buvl>A3d'« form of belief, and, moving 
10 Clotelanil, tbey were the first Baptists in the oiij, 
u the stothfir of eight children; four of whom ore 
w Uving, One was the founder of a mitsioD acbooi, 
years iti aapennteiMiODt, iU life and «Lritiigth ; now 
k ft flouhablng L>bureh. Anoilier, au only (Laughter, 
bften foryram id^nlif^ed with the orphan naylum 
the * Beilirtl,' 10 wboae huaUaud, Tjuren Prttntia, 



m 




i^A 



WOUEH BKTOBHSXa. 



819 



up tba koKpitAb for Ato htindrad slek men who 
jt»t p aaap d through CleTelnod. Shortly ftfier the 
battio at Fort Dono^Min, wiih two htmilre<l and vUtf 
boSM fumi^^ 1)j Um putiloclc wotobh of Nortbeni 
Ohiu, «bii BUrictl tov l^ouisvillo, thoiv gnined acccM to 
the nowdoJ hcopIialB, and gave Ker penoiial Attooiuin 
to th9 ULiifcrcrs. 

^*Afl«r tbc boltJe of Pc!rr>'vi]i«, Kjr,, when, for »ome 
oalmowD RMffOD, fltorcA needed wore pot et hand, utd 
great etUTeriiig thorebj ensued, tbe aid sooiolj at onoe 
•oot eight haadjed eeta of hoepital olothing, four hun- 
drad bed-eacks, &o. ^Irs. Roiue, with the seartiUi;, 
took a trunlc etorfd with ojfttors attd othor needed 
thj^^ aad went iamediat^ly to the Heoe of haid- 

*' WWn ihe Chioi^o Fair niu in pmgreHH, both bae* 
teiwd thiiber, and returning with enihusi&stio hearta 
imdirrtnolc a tilce entrrpriv?, tbo f^nitary Fair nf North-* 
Ohio, — work Ut wluch uunjr womtrn in LliU ooun- 
owed iimnattire dentiu^ — luid mndo it ■ coco* 
|lete Auceeaa, oleariny oeaxty tlOO,000 for the ^Idicta, 
Fof a territory ao bci;*!! m this oocictj covered* prob- 
aUj not one in Uic wbole country wna bo effident. Jn 
Are ycar« it bod collected and disbcr^cd through iU 
offia-n 91:10.100 in cash, and <1.003,r>00 in f!tor«9. 

** A eoldieis* hoono was opaned in CloveLnnd, flret in 
the d^^poi foe iome twoyeiu*, which afforded rehof to 
ever Gis^OOO regU»rdd tnmatea; and ben Mrs, Rotue 
with oihcTG gvvo HiuXy perwonid attention^ dtKcting it» 
Dtanagement m&niit^y. la connecltcn with this wss 
an employnient ofSce which did grand scmnoe, luid a 
n oflloe where the &4-cT«taiy and UirJL<iin?r acted 

\y aa unpaid clerb}. Her« often and oflt^n btrndiede 
of himgry vrjlOivni wi*n) ftrd, na ihttj jsu«tnd ihruugh iho 



^ end 




Wf>:ttft» ll£FO&Ml£>UI. 



40S 



'^tod her in ihio higher clrdca of Great Untaia," 



SAitAtt K. BoLTOiv, wbo hat so Idodlj aided In 
)atUig vkKohru of aoihd of th« praoDiQent cn»«d«r« 
thu book, u benwlf a hterarj vonuui, aod eanic«tlj 
[| in rrrforma. Sbd has given Yoic« ami p«n to 
tbo t^mitennrre work, hjui atMrvss^it mi^ny audk^nocx 
inth great EQcceatf, and lim puMislcL-d or:« of Uie modl 
intcrc^UDg Tolamcs of ibo dar, "TIja Pnswnt Prob* 
Icm*" Eu nrhkh Uio cniaadi^ b faillifully iiortrajeJ, aud 
bigh uond ground U taken id lefcience to piintv of 
iifo ia tnad aa ncll aa woman. Mr^. Rolton retud^s m 
CloTcland, 0. 

CATinc&lKS S. Rm> b oi>e of tlto 1>ra.vc vromcD of 
ih» century in respect to temperance work, She faaa 
Tvcently removed from Mansfield. 0„ to Cnlnmhtin, 

ESlio w;u formerly a higb-Acliool Coticher, aod 
her fire culture wa^ able to exert a wide and 
rant indiit'noc Wh«n Mho left for thu fanhor 
■kat, a baud of ladl«a fceloTiging lo the Temperanioe 
Pngns gavii the family a plnmnt wirpriao- After a 
booDieottft repaHC, a lijruiJi, ai;d jiruyrr. a irvolutum of 
itgret vaa read, aad Tciy appropriately anawered hy 
Reed. In Uiat wriucu lettimonial, aigncd by 
i^-«ix women, was cipres^ed "' our appreciation of 
faithful labors ffr the good of mankind, her abidi^ig 
and her fitrong faita vrhicb baa ao ofien ittreugth- 
oar»i and bcr \try cfHcicnt leadership in tlic 
of temperance, * . . Ono who baa been ito tlior- 
;Uy identitit^ \nth all our e^lueational, soeial, and 
Mli;;)oua inter«tta oannot but be widely mijucd/' 
HoiDAn EsTin U thus mentioned in tite '' Adrance 



WOWSX BVOaiCBBfl. 



407 



waA liring «t WQnuAf-toD, wai wfts among tho firct of 
Qw aoble bftod of enifladdra to maroh upoo Uio tnemy's 

"We ftU rooieiiilMV ber bmr^, atrongt ^Q^ e4niefft 
vor<i« thiLt ao thritlod th» latd SUto CotiVADtion at 
IiuIjuibjmUs. SbMr Cittfit wan a tovrar of fttr«ii^*th 
ODfa) Ui« wmV, R Doblo vrifa aral tnoiher, and thiit rarest 
Abi^ on tA7t1), -^a pun?, tinMtlfinh Cbriiitiaii- Hr-r lifo 
«ss a bcauuful poem, vrhich can oiUj bo reail hy tiio 
/tun light of ctflrntty. Whito our heatla artt root viUi 
iw at cor lost, lot tu remembci tliat »he 

Aad nfts ki FanOba.* " 

[fta. Maav T. Bcbt iraa Proaido&t of Ibe Women *a 
ian Tamperaaoe UdIod b Auburn, N. Y^ in 1S7^^, 
td aubavquoBtly removing frow Auburn to Brooklyn, 
bnAiOQ |wlilbihrr of tl^i u^mpenmnn orgnn *'Ojir 
Vaioo,^ bow in chaige of Miaa £9tiiiul TcQa, and 
lipned froBi tht BibLo floo^;;, }ievr Xiyik cUy. 




^%IDU 



MOLLOT mu^ aurol}^ b« rvmomborod. Tha 

ismTo Uttia iroman has be«Q a ^Ibful aiid awwcMiful 

n^wfwice woritor* and ia aHU in the field aa lootnrer 

\Wad UTTtar* Aa an adiuvr «h>o «i]J bo Dontion^l a^n. 

jCannLors A- Souls baa l^wturad npon E^mpuTiiiicfl. 

And Phkbb A. Ha.rfA9oBD baa baefi {denLified vJLh 

Ibv lEmimraiice cau^e for mauy yean* Sbe signrxl tho 

fltdgv whvii ri^bi yt-^rs of h)^k. wju itbaplatn and trna^ 

aicr of ibo Daiijcblem uf TemjreruK^ wb«u eaghtt^n ; 

VM Wortity Chief Mrrml timoa in Aubordinalo Lodgoa 

ti Gnod Templar»« Chaplain of tbo Gnuid Worthy 

Lod^ uf MaAaacbuaetla one jear, and a cueroUr cf tho 

ftight Wi>rtbj l«<x^ in 1bG7. &bo wfttbtcd in prapof- 





MRS. MARY T. BURT, 

IM nCUTAMf UK?H4M'l NAtlOKAl. CiaUTlAJI 



wouxK asroiiUKES, 



411 



nd Lodge D«f^», sfat vm choBon lo Um po«i- 
Gnuid Worthjr ComtoUlor* recelring , Be¥eotf - 
of one httDdrod itad four TOt«B. In 1866 and 

10 WM » iii«nilier of tlia commltboe appoUted to 
tba Right Wortlij GnDd T^g«, in behmlf of 

Li)d IfOitj^ of MasvtauitiujitiiU ; and al both tUeuD 
iilie WAS ft dtK-g».« to tlui tuijimme bc-dy- Sho 

ido a mmnbcr of \h^ ILght \^oithx Graod Lodgo 
juftnod of ISCd. ftod At iLas ooMioa aIio wu 
Right Worthy OriDd Vioo*TcmplAr, nctiviog 

iav out of tbo Qfty-ODA votoi oaftt At thla eea* 

«i»o forvcd oo tbo Committoo on Conttito- 
bd at tho EMzt aeesioD at Detn^iL, ia 1867, on ih/t 
t4«6 OQ th« Sut4 of tha Order, two of Che looot 
wt oomniitc«ed of tl^t bodj. At Uie laM'DieO' 

BoaaioQ tbo was unonimoml^ re-elected to the 

1 of Rigbl Worthy Gtaxid Vio«*TompLftr. She 
»o present at the WflfflOtie of ld68> 1S69, and 
and nf lirr i!ll]cwtil aid at tliii Inltiir m-minti it in 
ccabarjr to fipe^k- At BUwmbtgtoTi, lU.. at the 
of 18Tti« «bo vw i^in eloct«d to tbo ofBco of 
Worthy Gniod Vico-T«inpUr» and waa dioAea 

Keir England detcgutioD to epoak for Kew 
d at tbo recopdve naoetitijt:* No member of 1^ 
Worthy Gra&d l^odg^ rooeivee a more ooidial 
f bom the protoiaeDt membere of the Order, 
mting all eeotio&A of tbo ooimtTj, and nooe com- 
higher toepect, ibaii Sister Lane. Space fortnig 
of tbo naoy ways aba baa eerrod the Good 

of MauaohoMtta, 
tha.WoTceater Beanoo ia 1978, she iratf el««ted 
WorUkj Secratarj, aad performed ICa duties 
Dob prompcnesa, fldelity, aod «z«oatiTa ability. 
Good Templutu of Maasoobiuetta honored 



VOUEM KErOBUKSa. 



413 



Umnnl tlip ««ta1:kB«bin(!mt of purify luid chiuttity In the 
laud. LcamDA M. Cqakolek, Roxaxa HnwK^ M. 
V. Bai.U 4iid oUiV Udieai, hftvci «dil«>:l die j^eiirrltcHla 
or vmUGa llitt tncbt uisd m tbU reform i lun) Oak^ 
ouvB Tau>ot, ELiZAuirru Comstoce, Pbedb A. 
Ha^atokI), &:k1 NarcisSA CoFFnf» hjiTC nr>t fcAic>d to 
^ to tti« bduuto vt Tice a« lUe bearers of a ^oi»|>eI that 
dMUttCi tho eoul froiD da, and fnnkca tbo life pure uid 

Vciy poenblj Busy du&c« an> omitted th«t ought to 
IxiVQ lieoD mentioned; but it conJd no: be iMjIpftd, I 
iJiould hftTe Riid more of Louisa A. Swadt, tbsn tb&t 
iha WM ft GurducT oi Knntncket, and wm« the 6rat 
wnman to csst a rote in Wyomii^, irtien the BoiTmgo 
refonn ruaehwl iti bcigHt llicr^, 

Thero wss Mart Y. C. QsBeiXT, who iltonli) Jravo 
bftpn tnrntioni'd ui n fitrm tpfattavt of tlie Lutlier tvpo.. 
"The New York CommeccUl Adverliner'^ in HjMuiking 
ber uid, '^RcligioDt with her, was not the cant of 
;dd, hat In the fender act« of ttuch greut philtn* 
thropbts «e Wilbcrfofco and Uoirftrd* in the auljlims 
Hooping) of thfi Chri:»t-ch)ld vlien bo bcnd^ to lift a 
;iuif orphan fiijna tbo ^tter. OT gmadlj^ And 
Lvely breAln the s]:iuiklc« of the Alarc" 

lisl of reformers im;;fbt be extended to corcr nil 
women who have punned an/ vocation not o]>en 
to womon a conttury ago; and thoir niune » T«gton. 
all Ihtip Kittlttn ui privuio life, vtht> ndd thefr 
and fiytnpathj, are reforTneni, though ihey do 
pajr, but Uve out tbi: wnnU, •— 



'TLe 



^' I lire for ihaw wW Idv« m*, 
Pov tln» vim krvnt ni« lri». 
F«r tbe bM^vn tliot utaiim ftboT* pHi 




CHAPTKH XIII. 



WMMRN fftRACllKlUt. 

Pnvfatti-^Vn, Van van Md iwrKfttfccdin Aliu««— Ait- 
to a DowiCB^ dc 

■* pftvr* ifalt BlUf owhmI vtt r«>«b 
ni* MnUtt i4 «*t i^it^ bam*. 

ika4 wvmwk >iik upfgfiFiitfcMili 
K«p*»tU3«M0tiH«||iiMBMvlliMfk" _ 

JuuA WA*s> Hoirik 

tf tht «iMl — iitt^l 4ia Athi qhtA IKa ««■*«. . , . 0« qcAfAl/. 4h| 

fcd) M lC>ihiinl** 'nrt»Hk4dartiBbK»llH^ . ..0»£U vr 

^"— )l*tl. fcHUL l-». ^ 

) pr^Hch Rijr gospel," wtu ttcklmHS^ to woman nn 
AiKili u to mil)] ; tkiv] Uio firvit to prpcljuin Uio 
Sftrioor w « n-omj^fi- If ti be true, a^ *^ Tbc 
M)!!. that '* vrhftt Itio pulpit viuitH i« nsore 

m 



^^^^ 



tlft 



wriMBif or run ccxmr. 



fmbaen &Bd Icae oonTcctioti, mora durmclor ud 
fomiiilai more beedoin uid Kctti fisftr," then tlw ettl 
of «dac4ted wotncn into (bo mmutrj iriU wotirt iht 
4Mtr«d roault» uiJ Uie nuamp^Joa of the pttfUuttl oAqb 
cumot be ut act of prcwunptioa. Tb« Ukiag Iim htm 
done, ftttd doae wull. Sucoest W ftet the mkI 
ptOTAl upQD the foot o( wom&a u « f>rwoh«r. 

Sftid Uio Ilov. Droo'^e Ilcrfuid ut tho UnibmEiT 
tavsl of cent«iuu^ y«ar, hehi in Bosioa, Ja&« 1* 1. 
** 1 don't think th« day for a Une ninUtty hu gooo 
■nd I doubt wbecbor U erer vrill. The lou) of 
prowdit (feneration m » rectfan lor light, •« 
■flking who will ji1m>w us uiy good, lu ml mnf tiiae tbn.^ 
has preceded it ; and he who fettle that bt» haa an/ It| 
ual ho vrhu hoA any deep thought and Btfungoua' 
npoQ tboM grait »ubjeotB which %t^ aAei all, aoi 
mero mattcn of cic«d. but wluch lio at th« hoari of 
human Ufa, and uro the fdtb which workt in ami vmU 
aud makce all works worthy, —be who baa any thiaf 
of that faith will always God people wbo will help Us 
with hie UvelihiKMl, in order Uiat be may giro bia whole 
heart and life to that work. Yce* the woild will al< 
find a liTelihood for btm who whihee to do thii. 
not ooly for him : 1 wa« at a intetiiig of wcNsea 
liters thb coondxig, auJ I m&y indude the word * 
ukI My that tho worid will always find a boariaf 
ill help for the womaa, a« muob m far the mi&i 
reellyhasany living won) to ipeak, and fetde mlled 
to apuak it^ and haa Uie powcE of itpevkiug it ao that 
abaU be beard. That T t^elkve to be tho eolnttoiief 
question of the womao aiiniatry tba4 haa been 
bo tho froat gmdually of late yean. li ta of ae lA 
ply our old argiimccta about vrocaaa'a right to 
proring it wiUi tezta« and havmg a Laufh at 




WOUmr PESAOHEBO- 



417 



ho uid tlitt< or did aot Mjr thio. Wo bbre ft 
little prOT«rbozi<nir£dd0» — I don't know thftt you hATa 
It 1m«, but yon bavo t^ thing «t nny rate, — ttd the 
proverb is, that the proof of tbo pudding U in the oeciqg. 
And ao, if the pr^tchiog bo good, it vriU bo board." 

It hei beoQ Keorved for liie pecaant age, and for 
^m Nev World, — yea. for Ajnerim, for the Ui^i«d 
EUktce m her fint onnitiry, — * to vbow thai al) am ons 
ID Chiiat JeifUH, by oonsentiDg to the fact that eccteai- 
iftUoal functions aro tho hcritogo of Un tUogbtorv im 
weU as of the sons of the Loid Almighty, vrhon tha 
Diriae Voioo sajra to enj eouL. — pointing to tho pulpit 
■Hid the poalovate, — "Go irork t<Mlaj in my vineyard. '* 

The Society of Kdendflt or Q;aaker» (oa thoy yrttc at 
firpt oaUod in dcnsAon), haTO always had women among 
their preachoce. Not a few womon of Nantuokot 
Idand were approved miniatera among Frii^ndii, during 
our first century aa a nat^n, — Majbt AtUEtr Fab- 
stnt^ Haet Mac?, and others, MxRcisfiA B. CorFiN, 
of another New BngUnd State, but dwelling on tlut 
bland, hna hibon»d Mucccmfutly a* a preacbor. Sho Is 
a granddaughier of Joseph Hoag, the cetobrated 
Qoaker j»raiclmr of Kew England, ilio fnther of m 
brge familyt whoso daughtefH were all preacheta, hli 
tons alao. and eome of his odub' mvca. LccEtKriA 
Murr, the world-known womau j>reachor, bt a itative 
rf the Muno tflLand, whore many baTo often been led 
I to eay, aa tJiey luit«ncd to her in tlie Dnitanan 

[irob or Ilichcito mcoting-bouae or Sinaccmsot echool- 
nao,— 
" She epokt of jiutk«, tnitb, ud kfm 
Qow floft h«r vfonla diminhl! 
6bfi qxika cf Qod ( ftod IlH the plftM 
Vi'm viLh IdB prac-noo OHod " > 
I Joba W. Clud«l«k. 




^^^BETlr tOllSTOTK. 




1^2ADET[1 rOMSKlCK. 




VOUKN FKBACKKBS. 



4$1 



^puuy toum to I^gn^t luul diM Holjr I^ntl. Thiir« 
^ pmented ChrisiUujtx to UcJiamnLedao wom«a, 
from tlifi Qocker »iaiidpc>mi of, ChrUUiui •qimlit/ of 
ite MXoa la aocUl life, in raligson, aad tbe mlnlatrj 
of tho Word. Tho bcatlica women li^tcaod to her mth 
muked attentioii ; uid echoola In which Her v&cvm ar« 
bung taught a;q now in ruooonful op«r»tioQ in thoM 

mt jVxw Kurwoaniff, HACtoL Tow^skkd, Cabolixe 
^r,U3ar, and KuzAHBnn Comstook, Scbaii Ho^- 

LAXD, EUZAJIETU Ck>UOC$E[ALU RaCUICL HoWXpA^D, 

Mabv H. Roac£A, uvl otbor*, Hhould bo numbered 
wiib tho pr^aohing iromen who lia7B listened to tbe 
odl fioa mbcTt^^ und fuiUifultj ob^od, to tlio help of 
»u>jr tonls. 

Sarak Sxilkt wag formrrly n Qaakcr ; but, cliooa- 
iag Ici be L«i|)ti£nl, tOie piiNied from ainang them, jrel 
h not conncctod folly with may faiftucb of Zion. 
Stuart Pbelps rcfen to Mb5 Smilcj- aa "a 
roca*n who Lu « T<Hce as sweet aa a robin's, a f&co s» 
a» n Madonna's, « oonrftge m rcoohito aa aq apos- 
>'8, and a purpoeo m ftic-d ea a Quaker's, and who 
her bonnet into tho pulpit bcAtdo-" But aho 
kye a«i(ie the bonnet when abe prenohedi and her 
tipoondini; of tbe Old TestAtcvnt syioboU is rerj in- 
Itmetive aiMl intenssling. Sho is aaid to be now vnt* 
^ a oommentarj on the life of Joshua. Mlac Smiley 
botwoen forty aiul fif:y, aixl wiut «diiculvd at tlie 
[Tidcer sobool In Providence, RJ. She has spoken in 
mury pofplts where no woman erer before itjiokia, and 
W that fnmUiariEad nutny to a voraan'a votoe In tbe 
cdmstiy. Sb« u proTlng al^o that bibLieal «dioLin4up 
ud Ibo good work of an expouiidisr ia not confi^icd to 



WOiOEV FBKACaEKfl. 



43S 



Mtemtt cicou»Jnti, nikil it h [irt^p^ to «i)T«r& li^ II19 n!»1 
ol^t for vliich w« bave comfl togeibi&r- Tbeio ns^ 
\a Uie world, uitl Uiuv ihaj lie ftnioiig un, faUo ¥H!WS 
of tbo n«tor« mud ofaject of ofdiiutioD. 1 do not 
beU«TO thftt uif sfwciai or specific fona of crdiumtion 
ifl neooBoarj to conatituto a goepel tiuiiut«r. W« sro 
DOt hero ta nuke % mininter. U in pot to oonfcr on 
lUa our aUur a n^^ht to preach thd ffoapol, If &]i9 
bit not that nght alixftd;-, tr^ hara tto po^or to ooni- 
Bonicatv It to h^. Nor have «« met to qualify her 
(or tlw work of tlio mlnKtrj. If GocL And montiU nnd 
aorml coltitre, hare iu>t atre&dj quallfi^ ber, we can 
DOt by any thing wi» mn^j do by w^y of ordAiniiig or 
ivitii^ her apftrt, Xur oan vre^ by imjKKuiioii uf our 
baudA, confer on her HDy spcciat grmx for the work of 
tha niiiijitiy ; nor will mii h&it<h«» if impoecd itpoo hor 
hndt aert o aa any apooial ntedium for the comoiuiilca- 
tion of tho Holy Gho»ti w ooodticton winro to ootiT^ 
■bctricity* Such ideu b^lonj; not to our thooiy, but 
Vi r«Ut«d to other •ystcias atud darker ogM, AH wo 
m here to do, and all we expoot to do, b 10 due form, 
md by e sokmn and impressire service, to subscribe 
oar t«flCimoijy to tha fact, that, in our belief, our eiMcr 
ia Christ, Ant^nn^tte L, Brown, is one of the ministera 
of the new covetiaDt, anthodxed* f|UuJified, and cuiled 
cf Ood, to preach the goepol of his Son Jeeua Chrut. 
ThM ia al] ; but area this Toiulerv the ocaution interovt- 
bg and solenru- Aa the U recognb^d as iLe p«stor of 
this flock it it aolrtnn luid inirrtnting in h»th pnMtor 
ibd flnch tci hjive the n^Utimi futniially reuognixed/* 

At the age of thirty this oidjiined woman became 
tho wi£o of Samuel G. Blackwell, a;id sldco that lime haa 
nttred from paatorat labora* and g^iven ber attention to 
tin tnining ot their fi?e daughters. Her home at 



WOUXH PRE10HSIL3. 



436 



sb* wfts & vonfttti Of course shd could not 
in withdraw titl tbd ngbt wa> vittdiofttviL Rev. 
WULiam H- ChoDiiiiig kt^jiI vriih her the ni^xt day : for, 
■A«f u |iackfK) bciujii? in tho giwt luU bul tnlcon ft 
rbole iluy to diactnu tbti &ii&tttr, Uia; ended bjrBhuuiii^ 
\l Mr. PlnllJ|iK ftud ()lb«;r%, m iinii-tlatc;g3ti!iL Anolbur 
r*dft^, sud lliey hIlul U^h whole imri> nut, bj m 
Action, vfiiict in cfFf^ot put ever/ (lulcg4to id 
IcAdiEig-Mnu^. Btti the rtiAult^ a^ far aa aho waa eon* 
ecroeU. wsa to giro bcr aq oi>poxtiim^ to proach in 
SftDU! ball th« ti£JEt Sunday, to tt vast aoUtenoe, tU 
ftUcntivo that bcr voice reached every part eauiy. 
Lun nhc ph&rud wub Luorctia Mott in tbnt itpccicfl of 
bjiutice ftud peificcutiou ou acoouut of mx whtoh the 
mil ovotury will be »urv to reUike Id every posoiblo 

OtVHPU Bbowk (qow married to Job& 11* 
boi prefemng not to ehange b«r name) waa 
Kalaioaicoo, Mich. She b of Neiv Knglatid 
S and ba« th4i bloud cf Gen. Putiiiun, of Rero- 
prawesa. In h«r veiiui- She etudiud at Moont 
lyoktt Srminaryt vsvt gtiwinatftd at Aiitjcicb Onllnge, 
has ttJKre recttived th« decree of A.M. fiom her 
MaUr, Sba studied theology at St. I^nwienoe 
Unirenily, and ia a gtMluato of Canton TheoLo^kal 
&«lM>ob She waa the fimt woman crdaint4 among the 
Dnivetttliata, thoti|;b Mabia Cook and LvBtA A. 
AmXKim bAd pCMchod bcccptably long joan bcfotOi 
Keilher of thtiao vrm e^ur settU-d an pa;i(or. OlyinfHix 
Brown was ordained in Canton, N.V.* in 18t>;J, and 
pnacbnl lint in Vernont ; but her firvt pastorate waa 
tittt of Weyioomh, Maaa., irbere 6ht> labored %ix yeara 
Ttry atwoaa folly. She then romovtd to tbe bttger field 
ot Bridgeport, Conn., where she stIU reddea. She took 



WOUZV PBZAOHEB8. 



4£» 



AnoditJca and C^nvontJoD. ud bu ba«n t^ro ire&n 
Aeorewry of the K«v Jersey Suu CoDtendou of UnU 
Twdist*, which givoi \wi ts^eU is«:nber8hip in the 
Geoeral CotiventkiiL 8li« vtwA ooo of Che rtce-prafti- 
dcDtB of tha nnocimticMi for the adTmucement of woebbq 
(Wamen'it Oongmu) ml lU fiKmmtioii, tind hju Hinm 
been on its «xecutite bo&rd, mod bis foiniahod papecs 
for two congnaM*. She offered the dedlbatorj prkycr 
b Lho new UiuTeiulwt Cburob in W&terburj, Ci>ud.» 
in 1S72, betog tbo firat who wu ctct callod to such 
««rnoe* And she wu UiO first woman toini.il^r who oror 
gftYe the churge At lho ordinatioti of ft man nutuBtcr, — = 
the occMkin bcitij; the ordination of Her. W. G. Hm- 
k^< in hlarblebeod, Masa. Sho cffioiated at the funef- 
■1 of thv oJdoct Ftno MaM>n of Oonnooticat in IST-K' 
■nd the nme jear at that of the okleet Fteo Mavon in 
Aisencns* and wa« the firet woniaD who evOTatteikted 
1 HaK>aie festival, aad responded with an addre» to a 
toast by rpgulHr appumfment. Thaw thiDgs are tneo- 
ttoiird, not ahrne to niarV her aa a pioneer, but U> ^tow 
vhat WMQaD <m\\ do tier«afi«ri Sho ia seeking to open 
thff way far oihtir womeiD, am Olym^ita Btriwii, Lnoy 
BUiue. lpUi;xetia Uott, aiid others have opened the way 
for hef> Sho dkclainia credit for baring walked in a 
God-appoint^ path; but only clauns to be a liuay, 
hopefolt loring woman, whoM liighosi joy will be at' 
wbeu ri^t shall triumph over oiigbt, and ercry 
ehaU be saved from sin. 
AiDOQg tbo«e wlxun Oiympta Brown helped toward 
■linbtrr vaa a jrouDf; f^r), Rure Acoubta Da- 
, who has since smdied at Canton Tbeoti^<»l 
in New York, then married one of our men mln- 
R«T. James B. Tabor; has recently been Ucensed 



Ml win 



> DuWBOAVlAk. 



WOUCH PBBACHBE8. 



in 



Kev, AifA C. BowLSS va« orduiuxl at tbo aweting 
of the Sute ConYeaUoa in Bradford, P«an., in 18Ti>, 
iikd » tb<* snccotfcfal pn^tor of the church in Eaiston, 
P«&n*, UuM^h the «d11 mides in Phila<lol|ihia, nhoro 
ber htubttHil, Rer, B. F. BowIca, u pB^tor of a floariah- 
iag chnrch. She vm Ixvm In Gloucoit^^r. Miu«., Aug. 
2,18W, aiirt hss b«^n a welctimed Ivotoreron safTrago 
ami UrmprnuK^ fnr tanny ytfunu S)in miirrii-d Mr. 
Bovrl«a In 1S5S, and etutliad^ tbeolo^ vith lilm. Sba 
hod pnivionaljr beon a teacher. Sh« prvachnl bcrr iiisl 
termon in W«bftLer* Klara., June 37, 186?. She U a 
troutaD of BQpeiioT ability, acd a i^ood preacher. 

BcQtdco tfaoM onUiubd and t»eule<l vomen miDiHters, 
there are otheisvbo often preach: among theni. Airs. 
fiLi£ABgTH M. Bbucs of McUone, MaM., who ia the 
author of eevemi excellent works for olii3dn>n, and ia 
the prceent editor of t^ Sunilay-eabool pnpcr publiiilifd 
hk Boirton, called " The Myrtle ; '* Mre- Fideua Wool- 
iMf GcUjrTT of Uodie«ter, Mich., who w tlio daughter 
of Rev. Edn-arJ Molt WooUer, and api>ears t) ml^^rit 
bet Other's abilUj »n a preacher; IhfttN FLOBurca 
Ellkh Kollock of BelKille. WU., vlio !iaa juKt fin- 
tehifd her atodiM in Canton Theological School. 

Mmh F.um Euzakkth RAftTurrr aiid Miiia Aft* 
Miift SoAvr a^e now studjriug for Uie mimMtt>' in 
Canton, Mi>^ BartlvU, who was hnpiu^^cl by Mrs. 
Banafutd at New Haven, in 1872, preached her firat 
Mnnoo in Nyack^ on Sept. 28. liiEid, to great acccpt- 
iaoe. MrA. Abboc ELLBWOBrn Danfobth h atitdjing 
(or iho minlury at Uaaton ThcoIopcaJ ScJiooL She ia 
Penit 0-, and pve* promiwo of uMJi"Til»ew*. 
Beadea theee ordained and Ucen^ prf'acl.ers and 
tlogioal etudontfi, there are women in the Univetsot- 
denonaniUion who serra aa htr-preaohfira^ with or 



woitsH racACHUo. 



438 



AF>nJ 2a, 1824. Sho vrtm the uymih child of ber 
jAT&nta, uul Gno oT % fumily of nino children, hlcr 
&thcrbdnog«d to a branch of :ho ClintoD fomilj that 
v«re diffd&guUbed in the early hintoij of tho country. 
Thuy CKciv from Englui<tt and deariy love^ cho iDother 
coQfitij, but loved &«edoin and right 1i«ttcr. und tools 
«n active part in ibB «arl7 etmggle for the indepond* 
eooo of tho i^kmitw. 

" Tho namo of the moiher was t^fatht^vrson. Tliift 
Euniljr M-aa of ScoLah origin i aooio mojnbcmi of it actUi^d 
ia Ootmocticatt oUiera in IlhoJe lahind, and nearly alt 
ol them bocamo ircaltby and pro^oioua, Tfacy were 
PuitAiiAt who bravod the danf^rs ani ihe bard:Uup» of 
tb« New WorKdt rather than submit to Uio roliguraa 
mtolenmco of the Old. 

^Aln. Perkins aliraja vpoaka of hor mother aa a 
woBttO of remar kaUe oaUvo uUcot^btrcng and cffioi^nt. 
y«t po«M«3in^ a htart full of kindaeas aod i^terovi^ 
toflvery livii^ b«iiig. She was ftarlictilarly kind to the 
ufbrCnnattt. Hot children wore ao accustomed to run 
DQ vmuvU of m»rcy In th» ptkoror nncM nroniul them, 
euryin^ milk, or a piece of laeit, or a loaf of bivoui. 
UmL, vbtrri old rnnn^h In Uiink iif it at all, (hey were 
sn/ittiAed that other cluldreu wero not out ou cuiniliir 
aamnda. It Mfnaed raoh a right and proper thing to 
d&, that th«y were flurpriaed that others did not eugoj 
kbe »4iDo pleaaniv^ 

When the aubjoot of this notice waa ten yeare of age. 

lather died Tory snddcnly \ and it wae found nccea- 
that all ti» ohQdr^n who vroro old cnoi:gh ehoold 
their own aiipport At that early age even, ahe 

the ho*i scholar in the dutnci ««haoL ; and ehe ahod 
bitter tean when she fojnd that tha predoui 
Hbool privilegea mnac all be rtlinquiMhed* Yet no out- 




WOMClf FBBAOllEBa. 



486 






tbo fondest tiee wcro ao enddctilir broken* ft ima id 
thi4 time of darknoK tliAt aht he^tai eiinKftlly to !&<■ 
qum about tlio ImiDoriftl lifo broiif^lit to light in the 
gocpd. Sho eag«rl/ cludiuiJ th« Uillo, and fttrove t«r- 
&e«Uf for tlie neirtien cf bean that bhn^ recoDcUiu,- 
tioQ to God, eT^Q in usv^r^ affliclioiu. The peace 
eune mt length, not irith the iudden IjrightnM* thnt 
fcBoiled S«a1 of IVnfUs, but with the err, «Lord, I le* 
Uero : lielp thou mine unbelief/ 
" Unrcscrv^lj she consecrated herself to God and to 
hitcau^o in the world. Then lh« devdrv came to her to 
be B midfliooaij in foreiga laodft. Her own htrtai won 
foD of seal ; and ehe irontc<! to tell o4faeia of thin iaoei 
Hfe, the 'life hid vith Chmt in Qod.* Bnt the vnty 
cacaned hedged up ; ai>d she »oon teamed that she could 
do mifttdocarr n-ork jci-nt there vrhere a kind Proridenco 
had pUced her. She united with the church, bOGoma 
a teacher in the sabbath echooli and in every way 
poadble beoftme a helper of thoee lea« fontinate than 
h«»oU. 
••Thufl the yean paased till ahe was eighteen y««riof 
Like * Janr Rjrv' by Mba Bronte, she had lonj^ 
for a 'chsD^ of eerHtude* if nothing iDore. 
her eighteenth birthday isime, she said to her 
ttiithcr, iinintiiig to the tar^u utane rcilK 'That i» a 
ty laigv buildiiigt bnb not turge eiiaiigh to hold roe 

looger.* 
"Accordi.'i^'ly tdte went 1m- fore the examining ornn- 
, readily procnred tbo rcqiiiied certificate, applied 
the school in her own dLniTMt« obtained it. and went 
to bcr work of teaching. . . , 
**T1ic ncKt aummcr fonnd her teaching a largo school 
Saroy. Boforf» trying there ahe vent before t^ 
uhuoL board for Lho requisite certificate. Upon thia 




WOWK* raBACTTKIlflL 



4.17 




**SeTGTftl other books wore written in (be faUovring 
jrsift ; 0D4» of tbom, ' Alice mhA her Friends,' rccciTing 
ft pnte oCTeTcd hy 4 Beaton pQUidMog componj. 

'*Ncxt tbeir bomo vru iq WioobartcTi N.FL, whero 
they remuD^ tirelro youa. In &dditioii to lib Ubon 
ua cldgyisftn, Mr. Perkins ccrrcd tbrooyciue in tlio 
Btftbe LeffisUtuxci, and two yean in tli« Sconte. Urs. 
Farkuu neoompaniod him oauh yoar to Conooid, itnd 
Mv much to iut«rei£ her dtaring these Tfisita. She lift* 
tficfd to Etirring dftbotoa id tb€ State House, heard do- 
qnent «entiorui from the pu}|^U, and attended brilUtnt 
parties giv«a b^ the Ant famitim of tbs thy. She here 
innod tbn ouquaiulAnce of ^Ir, iiivil Mm. Nathaniid 
lile, whom Bbe la «tfll pToud to number among bei 

CricmU.'' 

Mrs, Akuiuiui. Wjhtc id a woman of Iho cenloiy 

who could have been hocorablj nentioned among the 

woEnen pbilanUtrcptiita or rtfonncrs, or women of tho 

^^ril war. Sbo boa labored ^uthfutlj in crcrj reform. 

^phe bae spoken in and preuded oror public meetings 

^Bn tho inteiestfi of tconpcranoo and woman sufErago, and 

*lift uftftd the veolib God ha* given ber for bis eauae in 

treiy poe^ble way. The writer of thU book cut uae 

li« ftpoj;£le'4 worik, **Sbe bftth been a suceorer of many 

ttd of myaelf aUo*" She bna been nobly fleoonded In 

iJl her eflbrta bja benevolcn: nnil genarooft hnebond. 

To return to M». Perklna: "The f^liire of Ur. 
PefkiDV's health induced (hem to di^poso of their hoti>e 
k New HamjKtlitre i arid tb^y gnre an Rutln- T^inlftr to 
rest among friends al Cooperstovn* N.Y. 

'•Thffi ncit epring thny tooV charge of the Coopera* 
lovn Seininar>-, and reniAiaed there till the ecbool waa 
wld. two ycara later. Tb«M ycais poeacd very plcft- 
MAlly; Mra. Petkine leaobin^ the ojdranced Engtiab 





WOURN PBeL4CHBB8. 



499 



Fonry^an Ago Mm, Perkins w«nt ufxin the pUt- 
ns a iKitcirer. Her first lecture was given ut Mn. 
faii&fbnI'A uhurcli in N>w HKVon, Conn., and received 
Um ftppmlMtjofi (tf Uisl bilr, Jiud nf Uio p«npt« to 
irhom aIjo nunbtcred in ^ritual Uungs. The ti«it 
JMTt fbUoriQ^ Uie tuwunl j)nim]ilin^:it of (bo Spiril^ 
eacouimged also b^ licr b«st fiicucls^ she occasioD&Uy 
cDtered the pul[Tit tA a ChmUao tcAclivr. Tb« vumo 
Uuter who told Marj to go and tell that ho bad rbco 
kaa bleased bcr^-ork; and with thb apprcral ahc » 
Atttfi«d. 

u Tbe Dflmc of Mre, IVrkimivas upon tho firrt call 
for a Woman^s Conjn^ad in IS73- Her pajier upon llie 
* Higbor Educat»m of Wocaan ' wm« vwry w#ll recsnvcyl, 
4Ad VM publiihed nilb the other papen io a painphkt 
form. In I$75, at S}'TacaM, the rrad tt papor upon tbo 
*Um of Monej'/ vidob oHoitod much apj>Iauae forita 
(aim aeDt4iicea» and bold original tbotightn In that 
paper wan an ramfiht p]f« for thn i^ducatinn of pour 
gbb wIhi are brigbc and ambitions, bnt wbn cannot 
pay th4!ir oxprostw lit uny icbool. 

"She l» a r<?al frteiid to micli girln. many of irbom 
de fcaa aasUt^^ to gain tJkQ knovltdgc vbicb ia pocrcii 
umI the btghcT kooirli-d^ tliut eoditrtth to eternal life* 
Irbe ia atill a Btud^ot, ovciy day rooding French and 
Qcmaa and the best Ei^glbdi authors and e-vtry day 
ndeaTonog to diacharf:o pfopcrly bcr whole dnty in 
te positioa wboro t^ is placod by an ovrmilirig Pror* 
Amo«sf: the loirly on«a do«0 sh« e^eoially 
to labor. In raimon Mibbath scboota, in unpopular 
ipark&oa work, j a pritoti refornt, ehe b ever ready 
itii votoe and pen and purM ; and, with a heart fuU 
love and faith anil praise, «he toiU on, rviueniVer* 
the woads of the Great Teacher. — 



ifa 




W0MK3I PKKAOllKES, 



443 



OerefAiid Cauventioci, aa<1 prvniilinl ovrr it in No- 
Ttm^cr of th« Kame yt»r, Sbo ta ol^ prctinloDt of the 
South Side T^m^jfj^tue Uinon, Cliicngt>t auiil of ibo 
IUjnoL» State Tcmpt^nii^ce Unioo. 

" Larirelj tErmigh her irflucncc. tho Woman « Edn- 
oaUodbJ AaoodatioD of BloomingCoo was orgmmzod. and 
bu provided ft hooc whero cbcap Ixtanl u giv«D ji>uikg 
lidm wbo are etruj-^^^liiiL;: to ftecure luj;lwr cducatiofu 
"^Iii l^^aliu u'a« uloctud ono of tho coiT««pondiDg 
rutl» of the Wonifta's Fortign Mia^o&ry Society 
th« Moibodtst EpiftcopiU Chaicb, vhJcli potilkm »He 
fiUetl «T«r8itK-o, bsving; caro of the foorSutei IjHog 
LC Chicago. In \H71^ she wus licemed ha n Ii^chI 
;1iiir m tbe I^lL-lkudiiit EpiiH!0|»Hl CkutxJi, nnt\ ht 
aally occtipied upon »l)lAi:1ts, pravrhlDg id tk«i pul- 
Ilt m tiiid Qoar Chicago, 

She has deUrered urnuKis and aoQiversaTj «d- 
in most of Uto pfiodpal pulpit* of bcr dcnoDU* 
in ail Um liu^ge cities East and WtsK" 



ifl 



.. U, O'DAKtBtfl woa bom in Hubbftrdstoo, Masa,, 
14, 16^. Sho vBs of lon^-Urcd aaccttry on 
Uier*a mdc: but hermotber died at the a;*e of 
-thrae, of conauDiptioa. At tbat tiiao fJi« went to 
vrfib lux auut In WettUmnJkTeT. Man. Of tbb 
, wh«D she oras t«n ycara oM, bHo snys ; — 



'^We lived on a farm in a retired W!l)\ so tbut I 
Avr any one but tbn fnmUjr tixc«|il on Bitnrlaj^ 
liuriug tJie Af^on of ibe dbitnct i*cbool, n hicb was 
'ttni hdd bnt two tfrmiv of nijio vrcek^ eidi, In Uie 



jtar. 



Ha^icig no one of my own age to tallc with^ or vho 
ttluzed with inc. I leameil to liice solitude and to 




TTOMEN ntl^AClIBIlS, 



44fi 




I, vitb two doUftTft lefu frfter paying tU my «x- 
pcnufl u)d providing necca^ry clcthiDg. Our board, 
looiD-ffent, fuel, and U^hU for Uio»c tvo tcnost cost us 
jfM for^-scTeti cents por week each, for t&j comiB 
*nd mjtdil 

'* Id tli« winter and following BumioeT I Uoght sohod 

U WaiUnUuit4;r, arid lettinwi to Wcst^Id ngaJD in U» 

til to complete th« required thie4* t«!niis of the coonte, 

rhieh wia tben (be ruli*. Bitfnni tUv cloM of that 

LpplicAtion vhas ruAile for a tencber to go to 

[iQaoatftr. I went in obedience to the call, atid re- 

led tiU a jear from tho following spring, wh^rn, 

riihtag to |)UE»» mj studica KtiQ fuichcft I 'returned 

kgtdn to Westfidd, and rGEoatDed nearly two tcma 

- PBorCf and mftcnrarda taught tvo tcnas in the model 

•ehool eonnootod vritb the oonnal, being prmcipal of 

that dopartaimt. 

" Thfi winter of i^^S and 1864 I tnugbt ta Efopkintoo, 
aiKl the following ganuner in We^UBitiEter, I taught 
alao in Mittenea^ue, and six terma in WetUnimiter at 
Afferent timiM. During Chat summer I resolved to 
tat«r Autiudi College at Yellow Springv, O., and 
•pent the winter in a factory at lAwrenoe to ^t the 
Beami. Before spring I T«eeiri<d an upplir-ution ia ga 
ai teacher to tbo Iloiue of Ilefugc, CiocliaiaU. I wt^t 
jn Man^ht 185J>, remattird Jill the u[>ci]jiig uf the school 
jear at Aatioch in ISi^, wboa 1 entered Uiat inatita- 
in, and took an clociire eounw, being a member cf all 
four coJJcgo dasflca, and tbc two higher preparatory 
the year, aa I took stucUoa that led mo into 
cUaaea- 
>' I may hero tnentioD that fioon after catering the 
Khcrol, I joined the Alethezeteon Society, vhioh waa 

tof four dlfferdnt literary aocietiea ooiuiect«d with 




446 



WO»ET« or Till! CSMTDBT. 



the eccIhw)!. Thb one ww oo »| Xwd enUrcly of 
Tike oUuiMk were rithor of gcntlenrfl or bodi miik 
biiuxl. alliioti)^ Um two MX«a did oot onliiiAril^ 
tni^tin^ I'^Mhor. A Ahort tijnt bsCan Uks hIdm 
aiy tlilrd Evnn. tb« Sur aud CraaMot, whiob eoniiii 
both MTZM. holi] ft ]>iiblio mevtlDg In Um cI]B{wI- 
Addplilmti, vklch ww a gentlcnaii't ftodt^ty, m]M 
one; and w« tho^igbt nor soomc^ (vrbtch cwnlvi 
■omo lUTboktm «h good ui %nf to be ftmDd In Uio adbool, 
unirg thfim a niec« of Prc^. Mnnn), witn oodtltd 
to Uu! ttA<T uf tLo cUapiO Tor a piiblio tiie«tiii|;. and ac> 
oonlingi; bugKU to m^Ve |ifppuniliofi> Atr bnJiUug It, 
and then mnt a request to thi facultjr for peranna, 
when, to our suipHa^, we wera refused, aud wlkoUj on 
the ground that wc wcro wonao, and had no gco t i i am 
CMUiCGt^d with na to ^ willi oa upon Lhe pUtfon. 
ThiaMcm^ 00 w^dc and pnonlo, m tbny ««ignrd ■« 
other iim>Ut« for tlieir reftaal, Uiat we natnraU; ielt 
■ocaa^hat icdigiuuiU and felt thai tli« »rmpnthi«i cf 
modt of tha volioo], a« widl lu the people of tfa« rJUtgi^ 
wfre witli ti». Wain«t, drow np a aeriaa of raaolotkv 
oopdemolng tha cotme ot tlie £»ctdly, and aattlng flarth 
our claimv, wtiidi wa mnc to thpm. than dlabancM: 
ai>d two of UM, a Mm. Ctuditn^ and mjwtti!, left 
aoboo) two varka before tiaa cliise of tlui tern. 
nimain0d in the pLire, bowaror; ai»l, ba Dr. 
bod |>Tairioii«]y b«cn invited to ffiro aa addi 
aU tbe literary.vodotiea tba duy Ivcfore commanoaoNai 
we atlaudcd that uaetiiit- In a bodjr, all of oa 
the praiudaDt'a nboo, ninQtirnng iOTfTtii»cm dr«na4 
blaok, in mouniln; that pro)Qdic« waa atill ao atroii^i 
to drnj" what aeenad «o roaaonaUla and iuat n davaadi^ 

** Prolonged a|tpUt]ia i^raat^d our entranca tnlo 
erowdad chaput, ai tba Idan wna lamght hy Ehi>« 



WOHX3« F&EACHBaB. 



44' 



Ji fmm lo tlio MtU vhtcb had he%n h^ld in ns^rve. 
This wms welcomed as a Lokea of ftjnpathj viLh dio 
idc» which V9 rcfiraecntcd. 

"Tlus ooouttikI it) July, 18^7. Tho D«Kt ilay 1 loft 
Tdl':>w S|-ntiga. to Uke duuge of & school in SjWanlft, 
in Ibtt DOrtlmTu paH uf OKici> I rtTt:i;iinb(l thrtr tlirr» 
iii«titli», whoa 1 rctuiiK^d to We»UuiD5ter, AUaft., where 
r -mm marrW. Nov. 26, 1857. to De Witt Clialoo 
U'DuuieU. who wftB UieD preacbin^ for tho Uuitanan 
locictrin Athol, Must., tn which plodo wc rcsaaincd till 
a^'oar &om th« foUowiof; epring/* 

Four boja wen bom to them* ntfhkjng g!ad a homo 
that wa0 ooatinuallT cbaa^^d ad th« fath^r'a h«iJtfa 
bQod, and be was obliges! to a1t«n)ata between caa- 
naiiifl aod prGachin|f. Ho died oa tba 5th FehruiLfy, 
1607 ; and tho ber^ared mother set alxial the work of 
npponlng th« chtldroit, with a tni»tiDg and brara 
mMu Hairing made arrongeOMnts for her chlldren'a 
aocafort in go<ul hnmvE* witli kind fri<TQd«, Hhe took up 
tbe ImsdDf^ of cazivasniijg for bookfi, to atipport tU«ai. 
Sba wril«r8 of this pcnod to ilio aiithor of thU book ; *— 



'* tn obuitUDg my ardciA I walked atl tbo Lime, o^d 
tea Dulea prr daj; and when tbe daya were rttj warm, 
tad tbe ground dry and parcl)cd« aa waa aometunea tbo 
<iae, mj feet were bb.-iu>rc'i when night camo. 

'^I naoally had fiomo atopping-plooe fcr the nighl 
vitk MOio friend or cild acquniotunco; but it srunDtimei 
ktppened Uiat 1 could net return at night to the pWe 
lam wbioL I fiCart^d in tbe morning; and ««veTa] timeai 
I would ):tart Monday ntomin^f not to ri^tom till Saiur- 
dtj n^hi. with tny satdiel and l>ook. and would imd a 
Di^t'ft lodging among ctrHngera wherorer darkneaa 
emtcck Me. 




WOMCf? rECACSlAB. 



449 



d« diiectlj to tlioBe through whom hb gifift oome to 
wc c&n hy bofttowlEi^ all we arc «bte to givo upon 
thoM who frtottd in nc^ of our help. Somctiucs I 
think vo KTO Ao pla««d thot wo £«om compelled to ro- 
coivo bonelaotionfl ^m f^uroofl that wo cannot r«aoh bo 
repar them there, that wo miy foot ao stix^ngl/ c\ir 
twliMs to foow ooc that w« eball Ixt eomptUtd bj 
of dKUcttUnoes to paaa the gift along to Aozna 
oalw, in onlur Uutwo majreiiliM ioor« f nil j that 
are brothers and ablera, and lieEn together of the 
grant inlHmtano«. 
^But I un wnndeni^ m tiuu^ht nwaj Ijiqui tho 
bctA I h^TG utkdcitakvn to refute. 

*' I nioutiticd u^ New Vorlc till lato in Oiitohor, l^tforo 
to my Euail; that I had left In Westminster. 
ooo hot thoM who havo been cal]<?d to ondnre a like 
tion can toll with what joj J once more grtotcd 
cm* and found lh«7 had been kept and watched over 
ig &ionds during my ahoence ; for the Mends 
whom my boys vara Inft not only took them to 
homes, hut to tbeir hearu alto, as, in the case 
h, a raothtr^s ptaoo had bo«n vol! and faithfully 




*' After eanrauing a few weeks more near home, I 

it tn New Yiirk for my guiKlH, aiul (.'Oniincui-'tsl huuso* 

iid;^ sgAJii with my childrea on tho SOth uf D«cem- 

:, I kept thQtn with mn the romaindei of lite winter; 

it, when warm weather sgain returriedt they each went 

the pbccs they had Lv^ at the previous vummer* 

rhiifl 1 agnm went canrasain^; bni this time 1 kept 

\j home* nod rotume^d to it evciy two or three weeks 

lu^h \ht reason, not at any tinae going more Lbon 

ity milca away- 

■■ During this aeasonf boaldcA the books I «old, I 



450 



wnMKT* or THB cwynvnt. 



obtJuiifi] suUcrlbetfl rnougb to**!!!!! InclrpiiDdtdl ' 
get mt? A ju^tring-miftchiiK;. vrilh the lidp of vUcfc 
hftve hvcn Mts Ui do mocb tcrWAnI my f«iDi]/*ii iuppoiL 
J went out canTas^tin^* bowevtr, for n few weeki the 
tLJrd auminrr, but K>on ^To it i>|>t W)d look itp Mwt«f, 
wbkb i b&vG continiiod more or lew over alno*. 

" Uuting tb« fouKh yc^r Aod fifth ■timmer my eltet 
boy vrta n^fr%y from homd all the lime od ft funi i md 
fts the two yoanger bo3^ went U> vcboot, iacI 1 vt 
aldie dft^ After dfty employed with my iiMdle, I fib 
tbat I wu nol doin^ cnAU^^b. Sometlung ww ooiitUi*- 
ftUy wbUpenng, 1 ongbt to do more ibaii thb: md 
yet r ciiiil<l mm no wny oj>on In wfaich U> vrtn-k otbn 
UlAn Lbe ouu 1 wiu tb«n piiriulri]^, l»aiUBti I felt tbsi I 
wanted to be with nty fjtmily, unil kepp tbon tupitte 
W raurli BM I Rould, During ibu pmud in Mxy, 1971, 
I wu employed by lbe OmvemlUt t^iliU^Moff Ucuut 
to tniTcI for them for four weoli*, Uyio^ tn ealwfe tbi 
Btib0criptloa-lbt of *Tbe Myrtle* wbea it wat aarii 
a weekly pnpcr. In the ooiiiao of thoeo Eoar we^ | 
Yitfitcd tifty-fonr diHcrcot plooea, oompriaifig the hyi 
towDftaad ciUov in all the New Ivaglaod Slaloa etw^ 
TenooDt, and cnllod itpoa tbe poaior of tbo aor 
tboea plaeen, or the oae roost ioteifatod io the Stinf^ 
•cbooUto Qi^e U>o gI^bm of 'Tbo U^itlc' It wu.je« 
reoollcct, while employed In ibw enpadty, that I vn 
tent to Nfiw IUv«n, and odlod tipon yoo ; and, tboifk 
joiir personal Hctpuiiiitance with hhi wme eUgfit. jil 
yoti lirgoji to ttrge me to Ink* iip tbe mmUtfy fnr wy 
calling. Tbe iirgbl prvvioun f hftil ]itt««rd with my lU 
acboalin>t« at AnUocb, (ttrmpia ItrQWii, and aba kii 
UTfod ue to lake up tbbt wurk with every «^Q«Mi 
lbe could bring fonrmd ; end when juo, witbt>aL keo» 
in^ wbftl ttbe had Mud, eod koowiog ine ao Utilc« 



WUUES PKCACUKJtB. 



4^1 



wr^ ne to it, ted ba T left took my band at parting, 
U)d Uirii» rvpeatpil *prr^c1i' to mt^ I could nothdp 
UiJEikiDg. >Can I do U? Am [ fitted for it? It it 
my iluL^ ? T« tliAt tlio vray God calb me to work ? ' 

'*TUc iLui^gbt coatiiiuully recuired to nie, iimt «o 
filled mj aiiud M to keep roe awake, and led me to 
viM early the Soxiday moniipg follcwtit^, and pen 
mmoio raasoca why 1 ougkt to take up tbc ininiiiEiy. 
^H** After closing wj laboiv for tlio publUKUig hou^e* I 
^Hbmed boroe earl/ in Jtina witb ilda thoogbt waiUnj^ 
Hot an acuw«r. 1 oon«idt«il mtk tlio minuter 61Iing tko 
Cnivenalist pnl|»t« aakinf; hia optoion, 1 llsltao dutjua^ 
fal of my aUltty to pt^form the vrork^ He aasand me 
I need not doubt tJia*« and I set mjself about tbfi taak 
of writing a aonnon ; Ixit, seeing no opening to nse it* 
did not flnisli li iHl ibe foILawluig wliiteff v^li^n f its- 
ceiTvd a li3ttr-r from Brntlirr CLoewifi, Ihrn prvaclung in 
Oardner, ivtking m«i L6 HH h'ai pulpit for a SuiiiUy, 
eiUier by reading a acmiDa, or vitb one of my own; 
adding I waa able to wrilo o:>e if inclined. TliL^i, tlieu, 
b the opening, I tliougbt* by wbiuli 1 am to euti^r tho 
fidd. J finudicd tbo ucrmon 1 bad cooLmencod, wrote 
iiiotlker, aud preaclied them on Sunday^ Jan. 28, 1872. 
Tk» effort producing a favorable inprcsAion, Urothcr 
ClovMin wrote me, that, now I Imd put my hand to Uio 
plongb, I muiLt nt>t look 1>nck, unil a«kod me to aupply 
tot lilm, which I did Miirch 17> 
' The next sununor I preached in West Acton and 
ateihury, Conn>f ilirde times, and Elichmond. N.H. ; 
ihe wmier at South Acton and Marlhoro' twke; nnd 
iba ifiring of IfiTS at Simlh Aahliurahjim once a fort* 
I fur three maotba. I oblatned u llot'nae in dctober 
lt^2,at tbo mt;eting of tbc SiM\iy Cniivrittinn in South 
Since th^o I have lieen at ficutb Omjige three 



wounr pBCAcnufl, 



-I5S 



mU of tight or ton miloe «acb day, witlcmt appucnt 
injury to heftlih, — during the finit j«*r vmi;iitg as 
il«MLily, utd walkjrtg m m&t^y taHtSj ta any laan I liavo 
known iH>gH^^ la the t:t]«iiii<9W ; u U>ou at ivboss 
iHKtfiOa 1 fttoj'jied, 4utd wLo were welt Avar« of my 
lUnljjRt, will \mar nxf vriU)<««. Thi« iM^ooni) eummeTt 
my aUvngtli seemed tfJ fall ; hut,<lttn%' UiodftyKli^nt 
At homot I WW biuy caring for my family, instoad of 
nstiDg B0 A man irouJd, irlucb may bare been tlie 

** \V1iOa canraatdn^, I ic«ciTed tbe tamo Gompcnaa- 
tiiw tiiac a man vrould ; lu£ I bavo performed many 
Undo of labor whoro I vm not paid moro than two' 
tliirda aB mach, and eometimos not half. 

** Hiul I «p&nt my vholo timo in caDTOanng, I might 
pouiUy h&Ye au]>]>oit^ my fiunUy ivholly fn that way; 
but r felt that it wa« nccttsary that thoy shoold bo 
together as much aa pocaible ; and I have been aaalattid 
their KD|>port by rftodving aid Froia tho HajMDO Fund 
yoar but tHe aeoond aUtca my hu«buAd paiacd 
ty. Tliat year, the ono aAer I made my homo la 
Ltmuuter, f did not ajiply fnr it, and hopi^I I mtghl 
able lo au&laiu mysolf wilhont lit but found T could 
and keep my family together. Friends were Tory 
kind, and helped to much that I did not Lick for tho 
neociearies of life ; and at oco of tho mcctm^ hold in 
Boston by the laiLcfK to doviao methods by n-hich to 
laiM the Murray P^ind during the year L87Q,ft aab«crifH 
tot waa taken up in my behalf by kind and Uioughtfal 
UeDda^^proauneot among diem, Mr«/F. J. M. Whit- 
OUUi« M>D-, oao who lots not her right hand know 
vhat bar left death, and who acem» never tiring in her 
iflbffta to blem humanity. Othere gave too* whoso 
are h«ld in gratefol lomeinbraace ; and many 



4M 



WOUBBT OV TOV ODnVBT. 



wboM naiMfl I hsiv* iwwr knttvn l«it cbdr tid in SD- 
iiig the pune vUeh oem >o aiwxpeeiodl^ wnA j«t «• 
opponti&ftly to gtedd^Td my hrw Bad 4^1 mjr mi&d u 

chiifltTvi) 1)c f(.i) anil ciolbL-ti ? * 

" OiKTc Miuie tliCTO. two yixu% ago, bave tlift Lul» ti 
tbo CcntenaTj' Aid Afi»ooialfc>& caam U> mj ui. 
Through tli'^ir kind auiJOuice, tod Uk4 tboogbtfuJ faoJp 
ot maiij fricDdflt my patL Ium bcoo ttrervD with lil— 
iitgAs and ^rc ItATc never )4dicd tb« ocdinU7 oamfafli 
of lifo." 




Mn* O'Dookb »e«iTed * liccBfie to |wqwh froa 
UuuehuMttt Sutio Coiivc&tivo of UaiYmdiMit 
Ociobtrr. 1872. Sttf U ah ^oeptoble tpeakcr; 4ImL it 
is hoped, iriU bo oTd&Joed, tod penmuMiiLlj ^^P^p^ 
in th« glorioo* work of praicbukg tbs *— ■'"t'"g fw- 
peL 



The iaUombtg ]icu«gTBph from h WcAt^ni piptv Bit» 
tioo* snothvr vomati of iho nD^uij, who prettd^iai: 

*' Elgio A^odfttioa havG rp]>lie<l to » rcoent 
ohtion £roiD MLw E* E, Nkvma:* for appfobBtm 
pmcht hy the fuU^iwing oommgndalioa r^ 



" * WiUioui Id viy wnjr Indoning Uio itW of 
beconuag incton, in th# ttauol kobo of that urm, 
from vhftt WB know of Mm Nffwrnfta's qi 
«« do, M fefi BMooiation, coaunukl ber to thorn 
ing «nK*h bd|j u ftlitt can giv«; arnU ^ HaiiJ*i 
ranooniiog rh«h« of Cenchm. Dommi*Dd Mb* & 
Kvwnmn, im a «cmoi of ilio Churvfa, u> Qm cool 
Qf tbo charchft. » ra» fiu«d u> prttch Cbrkt' " 



WOHBK PEKAOUBBS. 



4M 



A Now York paper thus rcfort to another wonutn 



**Port Jtr^iit Nov. ^.-^Mn. LowBie, a converted 
U conducting s e^ried of reviv^ ineetin|*» in 
tho I>rev Uoiliodbt Ei^iioojxU Church in tills villftg«. 
The meetings nre AtUndiNl by tJinuaandA of people. And 
QTirr fivQ Utioilxd convvrU havvt biwn mode. Tli« 
number Indncles manj irealttiy ami prominent reflidt>i;ta> 
ib%- Lowno U nn doqucnt speaker, nnd »n excellent 
▼ocoUsL liar dueounefl ire deUvered while i&he waUca 
ftbout tho liousc. TliDjr nre fuU of cxtrnv^ant 4xid im- 
ptt»iioD«d puani^ tntenfetvcd wUh vrdrd bymm^ uid 
wild gtttarce. She viclda a powoiful intli3cnc« over 
the bfge coo^^gatioa thnt aasvmble to hear her, nod 
ber Toic« 13 freqncntlj drowned by their ehoute. Two 
arcwed infidcb, ono n coDtril>ntor u> the Boston * In- 
Teeti^tor/ ar^ unon^ her convert. A teidinff athcUt 
lAcd Cor prnyeis ao Satnnliky iit^^hl, «nii<l n M^ene of 
wOd ezciteEOeot. The chnrob wiU not bold &11 thftt 
■pply for Aflmiitftnce. Pe<^1e ooone twenty mtlee to 
hcnr her ; KDtl no man; txaJn-bandft from t>ie Erie Ruil- 
vty nti«cil the eervice tbnt new mon hare been em- 
pliTjrd to mi Uieir phice*. 

**Mr«. Lcwne la & l^dy alxfut lluxty-Sfe jeota of 
and shown ibo cffcot of the hard work idic is doing.*' 

AJUin>A M. Wat was bora Dcar Winchester, Ind., 

10. IB^D. ^Ink Buileigii in ^peakio]; of her,* 

of her, ■* The sUtich adrocfttc of progress, the 

of the AlaTe* the ehtunpion of womun'n rig^hCfit 

of temperftnce, indcCnti^ble worker for the 

Ccmmittioci, and tirL*leu nunie in the boctpiUl, 

1 W«aMVa JodflML vol I Ita.41, 



i5€ 



voumn or tus cntroET. 



uid OD th« field. It mm good to took Into hn 
to iUten CO tho tonct of b«r d««p, rioli v^ieo; ftar 
Um £hc» wu wriltcn th» neorvl of tbjkl noUa U£»,J 
vriUen as ool/ deeds mn vrrits. w {tlAinlj Uwt 
OTfOi tlio most mtwigbt couM fail to vmw] U niglit, 
whSlo ber vtfioe (old uamhlakmUjTt oot cuU^ of v^ny* 
pathjruid totid«rae6S.btrtof ttrcf^thaiMleQonif*. . . . 
In tho orgmoitftioci of tlio Oood Te^ibnt^tho Int. 
b^ the waj, that ncogmud tho eqiuJLtj of wo«&n b 
CftnT^ng fonrud tlu grcftb refonni — tfao boU OOA 
A^r aoother, tUl abo bwt filled «il. wbta «b« 
elootcd to tho kighoet offico id the NntionAt Lodg^, 
first womui v^o erer b&ld it. > . . Her bcoafiottfiC 
is tbe mofit eloquent argumtot fca faTor of the 
dutooKiit of tromui, IicT varied aoUrltjr aod 
usefiUnees, the illostration of vomaA's vpboro.*' 

Sbo i» nov a prtttcbirr among the Uothodists. 

EuzASvrtt M. Powell vat the aeoeptabJe pi 
for the Prae CoogTf^tioiMl SocnMy m Plorvaca* Has^ 
in 1 Sn, Sho bafi Ninoe nnrriod, and U not now a 

Rev. Pastnib U, Ron&TH wia a aiKoanfnl 
Tlifl *-' Qoi^l Banner *' of Maine thna refnrB to bar 

** l4Ut week wo meotioocd (bo {Mmng awaj of 
axooUent Cbristian woman. Rerr* 8* 8. Fldobcrbd 
pnaxuiod that bo woold faniub an aooount of tba p»- 
ttoulan of btt d«ath. The following baa been Te«Fifal 
£rom her aist«r, which Brother lletGber ilmlrna foK 
Uabed laUior than words from hia own poo. Tba 
was wiiUen in Winona, Miao^ tba plaoa wbera 
Roberta died. 



*Rav. G, \V. t^tnXBT, 



Aar A^.^Mjdacer 



WDUBK P&BAOHXaa. 



i67 



U. Bobcits fonncrlj postor of th« First U&i- 
ebnrotL, Kiitery, Mo.* wbOM ordifution ««r- 
tuon 70U preftoh^ Feb. 6, 1874, departed this Life 
Aug. 2^1 1875, of brDDOhial con!»ainj>Uoii, ftged forty 
OM years and six aoDths. 

" Sbo pr«achod to her pemb until she lo«t her Toieo, 
ihea tha had Ii«r pulpit BuppUed to the tnd of the year. 
VTheo she sent In her rengnation the Foticty gfini^rckTiH- 
\y rated not to accept it> hut gave her three months 
VBCatioD. She ouoe to MuiiiB^ota fnr her health, and 
airtvod at say homo in Winona, May Ifi. But the 
cluuate failed lo leiiegL her* and ebe giftdiLaUy dc<)liDed 
until d^ath aunc Ut bet rolief. 

"She waa bom at S<»uLli Berifick, Me.; was the 
dmghter of Frederick and Hannah It Cogswell, both 
proaj±era of the Chrutian churoli ; ves married in 
early life, and waa a doroted wife and mother. At tbo 
affe of twenty-eight ahe oxpcrioneed relif^ion, and 
jfuned the Congregational ohurcfa at Ncrthwood, N.H.* 
where alie then rwided, and waa euperintocident for 
locne time of the Bnptigt Snnlay achool. 

**Proai a child >he woa imhued iriLh the pEpirit of 
DsiTersaliais, and eBteriained more or less of the Uoi- 
fennUist Tiewa. Thnn w«i eomotUng grand and nohle 
in thfi idea thai God, in his liifinile |(Ocdn«!W and hia 
Wnrndleea love, wb« to raiae man from his degradation, 
and by a procc?oof purification elevate him to be joint 
bar with ChrLfiU and that tbU fatherly love eoibraoed 
wh<^ human race. 

In 1870 she commenced lecturing on mora] and 

iectoal flubjecU, after winch ahe accepted the inrt* 

eitended by the Kensington and Wella Unirer- 

eoewtiefii and began Gupplyiug for them in the 

of 1871, and oouUnuing unti' ehe aeoepted the 




iM 



wouEM or THv cmnrBT, 



cull fnvm Kiiirry, Me., vbere tlio remuiued ontU A] 

" Dtinog all her wuknei* &nd p^ ihe ww 
hcai-d 10 murmiti or ooiDpIfti&i but w«i Uvmjm 
tbonghtrul for crthoT« tU&Q benclf, Sbo wm boUrfd 
etery cniD ib»l knew bcr. 5be baft left ooe k>&< tkiM 
etefMlAitfibtcra, uml bioUicn mtid Mt^tra, to mcmfv tMi 
uTcpirtilile Lcea ; but vo hope for i bh(rht nVLuion Ia t 
fairer world. 

>* Sbter wM v«ll awmre ol ber eppreeebing dlMsl^ 
tioUt ewl QL&d« all ne^eciurj prepivrattDxu ; Bid ibe vm 
not e&ud te die, end* if ebe could not get well *a m io 
lead B life of luefnlBeei, ilie would mtber go now ; «ii 
ibe felt ber beevenly Kitther DMr ber. Bjr her leriM 
we ieut for Rer. Mn TutLle of Mtiuuii[ioOs to ettal 
tbe funeral : but be could not come. Rev. Mr. M Kin- 
lejr (Jhft^UiniluL) at Winoiie proKbed a nmxvio frea 
3 Cor. V. 1. We buried ber remftlne in W< 
Ctmrterj. 

'' Siller Fuinie wS^Ii^ me to reqaest^oa to wrile 
obitQftr)r« end teid, ' TpU him I d>0 in the fiuib.' em 
ves what ehe hid upheld ever ainee abe otaie ben. I 
keve DOW ^Ton yon the outlines tbet yov mej 
Ibe feet^B end to direct f oa in whet jroQ with to e 

'* Truly fOQTB, 

^ Mbi. Uzxis WAin' 



We wMild ^y that Sieter Roberti in aeotel 
tod Cbrifttien goodneei wae no onUnarj wotnea. 
kw dergymen In any dwoaii&ation eoukl 
betier aemoe, or offi-r a nmo effectual be] 
■peoob ; while dm bwl tho abtlity to win nnl onl/ 
rattpeoL but the warm fncmUbip, of evtiry maoite 
ber pamb. Ber. S, S. FloCober of YannonEb, 



WOUKN rft&ACBlfta. 



459 



knew liGr wdL leailAefl as Follows, rdatjve to ber ftbil- 

L • 

'** You ciLnQot oTcretaU the lore ^^d c:ttcciD in which 
our il«ar Sisi^lt RoborLi waa bokl bv &U tJbe so<iieU«iA lo 
vrhicU ithc httd ever itiinu::crc<I. 8ho va» cloqucnC mud 
tBr<tnicUvo as a pMaebur, and most effioteat in all thi 
pa«UirxL] relations, vrhother In tlio Sor.Hay Bobool u 
ltfad«r oT tfa« Bibld cUhM, al i\^ bodvidd of tbo sick, or 
>n th«i t>omea of tbe afflkUd. 

*' Sho Iiftd ihm poirer, a% only fettr mtniiiterH have, of 
tctachiaff her |>eoplo to her by viDtiing ih«r affVdlnti. 
Sbp gATD to tlir-m Llifff Invr* I'T a 'umsvct^irnl minttti^, 
uid nMVirvil Eu taUo an ab^ ){:kve. Mtn. ItirherUi uevfir 
pnaolifld to any society vrluwc prttfi^rcnoa woald not 
liam rcUiujcd brr scrvi<!e^« She vraa evor iBode»t. uid 
Um Ewc«t dignity of Lcr vromaBly nUuro shono out id 
all hcT acta ; andt whatever may he said or thought of a 
vomoa muUfltiT, with Mrs. Rchcrta it prored an ODttre 

**Mj own heart beats rodpouive to the grief of 
who know her bc«t ; and 1 sorrow that we •hull 
ber face and luteo to Uie sweet sound of ber voioe 
more on earth." 



U£UO&IAL 9KEV1CES. 

■"BnoTHEU QuiNBT, ^'On Sunday afteraoan the 
-I inrcL. «enr(oe» were heM at th« UuiveTMiliflt ehtirch 
m K:(tery, In mpinnry /if the ffinopr and well-lwI^Ted 
futor, Ri>r. Mr*. F. IT. Roakhts. 

■Tbeditirch wa^ bmulifully decorated with flowerst 
uJ erowiti!<l Xo itet aL^(»<t liinlt>. Every inch of spacOv 
trea in tho ftlrjn of the ilaLf^^mi, w&fi occtipicd by the 
KqidH who galiierecl tbcxc to testify their lore and re- 




.;*■ 






WOUflN FOKACURBS. 



US 



W 



BUlftO|i GtllxirC Hiivfloi Bill] Rev. Duvitl Shf^jicAD^ 
« Uxik b gnphie. And foil of aUUoieatA siEid Inoi- 
iiitcrrjititig np«ci&l]y to ikt Rcct to vhicli Mra. 
Vjui Cute liultrngft* Tbfl oloaiti^ clutpiflr, on the rqcbt 
ot women to iHTMch, i» r&Iuoblo for aU. Mta. Vcm 
Co4t iaa nativ? of Now Vock CiLy, bom March 26, 
1880. Hor iDaiclca oamo was Newton, ^lie la of 
Esglteb axul Soot<:b d«McnL Si»oo Xhert in ft volumo 
MDoemin^ her and h«r labors. It u tees needful tbot 
mn<^ 1j« tvld bor* oonc^miDg ti«T. A Now York iliu»- 
uated |)«p«r in 18T5 spoke thiu :>f h«r : — 



An InltiieeCiDg revival is novr in pn>gr«« at tho 
Ctinti>n-«traat M«t]iodi«t Church, Hevnrk. NJ. It m 
|«Tsud«Hl Of er hy Uiv Widow Van CtiXt, wIiohi; jxijir*it, 
togellief with a uiinilMT of tctmics occurriDg duriog ono 
of tli« meelliiga, aro gi%'eii in trnr fir«!ftRtit anmlier- 
Ebo bat) entered upou thl» now Geld of nu>t^ioaaT7 
bbor ander tho prt»Uge of decided revival triamphs 
ia Newbury, NA\. and elsevrberoi and, judging from 
Uio tme rdigtons xcal manifc^tod bjr bcr in tho conduct 
of thcoe nvcciin]^, b dottiiaod to aocomplii^ a ^rcat 
amount of good in tbo oommuni^ at large. Many 
ton^hiog incidenta are ooutinuaUy oooamng, that tend 
to f^va a groat and ororawia^ eokmnity to tho soeuo. 
Old BWn «ho«o locki haro boon wbit^nod bj tKo front* 
€i man; winiors, as abo the young man just etarting 
Ufcn a «olulio<i of thia great lifo-proldrm, the matron 
wkI Uio maid, all join Id on$ common snppUcaiion for 
that. ' [>«iu70 which paAMth nil iiridnnttiindii^/ 

" Oirr hrtlnt ban given htrikii){^ illmtmiiorid of aoniie 
of tho iiindenU tlut occurred during a reocni visii to 
the above* iuni«d 'place of ivoiship. One old lady. 1>e- 
^hotting coDviuoed of the erroia of hor einfui waya, 



i6i 



TOMEM or TBB CKETTUftT. 



nte« from hex Boat in tb« Ivody of tbe cbimh, %ai 
appro&cbM the alUr, vhere* npori her IdMet abi 
■awrto hci thorough oonrcmoii. Aoother U « J^tmag 
siri, wild tbough fully swarc of bcT deprived 4ad ^d* 
fol coQditkhii, roqmm to be led to tho dur, Ibst ibe 
iDftj rec^iro divitie pardoa- 'Ilicn U ftlto pcMftatod 
the CAAa of a yonnf? gdmi who cUndB upon tfa« briak 
of ulraCioa, 'almost peraiaded,' and b^ wboaa t&da 
kneeU tbu fpiritod evaDgfilidt, who la invoUiig ibo 
diTlnv blttadsg apoa bo worthj a dat^ndsatioo* Tfai 
portrait of Uro* Tan Cott exUbits an niiiaJImi^ 
plain bub Bcmpulousljr oeat woman : a wvalth of aliti^ 
ing brown bair, laNtefnl] v ftrruigcd In watt crimpt of 
tbe old-time fltjle^ otct her temples, glTfii m hi§t^f 
ipirittul cast to her fcatuns. Iter Toieo b powvfiiJ 
aod finn, kept well mMier oonUol ; a&d, wbea aba dm 
In tbe pulpit to ddiTor tbo openuig axboftetionv tbtt 
inflaeoce 6xert«d OTor tbe orowdod audienco to ^mpl j 
wondcrfol. Her Ticws upon roligiona aal^jMto an 
bioad and expan^TOt iu;d abe poaaeieo a wiU-4tfla«4 
mm of boman obligation. So itcaigfatforward. ptota* 
but forcible, are ber argomenu in mpport of tbe ' new 
life/ that even the most caae-hani^^ned donee it foroel 
to admit tbe tnnhfulotaa of her leneta. Undonbcedlj 
her power for the uwompUshmont of mooh good bai te 
her EDBgDetifis, and the iipe«dT establtjibmeot of a a^^ 
[lathetio ourrect between herself and the wni^^vpn^ 
Tha mnttinge orer which iJin prRNiden— ami b 
coaspqnence 1^ central pciiiit of aLtrMCion — are 
acteriLcd by a deep rcligioua fctlbgt a quirt hut 
Bialent Marohin^f after bidden tmtbAi and oumama 
arc the lelf^ooi^eaecd tfanagitaBOia of the monl UwK 
who bare eepouaed tbe canM of tbe ' meek aad lowlf 
Natarene.' and been diveettd of the roboe of dirk 
Bc» aad liUt under her oxhoctatioo^ 



i 



WOHEir PKKAC'UZB& 



46£ 



'*Slio irwit tuitU ]at« jcftni, liortelf a -we«k aod anful 
io: oookseqocnt!/ ebo has « full a|>prociatii>n of the 
Viiiy iliSeoIlJco vhich tintiom mmt evfcricncc in thoit 
Atlempte to g«t out of iho old mta. After tlie detyth 
of her husband, wLo vrsu a prominent merchftDt in 
Xqit York, b1i« for a time ccnducted his hnBancm, and 
aihjbLt«d eoniidemblo azocutLve ability. To qa* hn 
ova Ungnage; 'It waa rig^bt ucder the sbidow of 
old Jobn<atTe«t Cbnrcb that the Hidden convictioD 
eaSM Qpon m«» and T gav« mfseU up complete!/ la tlie 
power of God.' 

** Her graateai auooetttts UiuH farh:ire beau oouftiied 
to conreiBiooe among the working clasMs, and hare bad 
&e eflleot of encootagitig her to rcnevred exeftiona in 
the pronncw- lUr effi^rta may be properly con«nlercd 
Bi beinjc ffttpplemenlal to the more eztencsave worU of 
ber «o-iaborcra in tho fidd of religion. Moody and Sad- 
key/' 

From tba book ftbove mentionod the followin;* ia 
£ive& a* illastrtttira of tbc olJ prcJutSico <^aimt women 
speaking in public pnjer-tMetiage, which It atiU too 
pfftralent. Ono cold, ihowt- lUy, ifr*. Ven Cott 
pes8«d throngh Fulion Street '* So terrible waa the 
rtofiD, tbiit «he »w no other \ttAy on tlw atrect, when 
[imiently lier eye caught the lugn of the uoitiiday 
pmyer^mi^ting. I^ooblng at her watch, she knew she 
kill time to drop in. get a blewng from heaven, and 
leacb her desired place of buMncas- AboQt forty 
£;entlemen were prc^nt, and die the onJy lady. The 
prAveta were gtorioua, tho tcetimonics grand, and her 
heiri began lo foel Uie giow of Jesus* lovCi Five 
ninntea before one o'oLock she arose, and occupied 
tbrea miuntea tcatifjiag of the power of Chnnt to 
ttve. She was sweetly bleawd. The meeting closed ; 



^- ^ 



bi^l^ 



46^ 



WOUS9 or Tnft aorrtrnT^ 



9 



wfio, ftfUr coiutdfnblo clMring of Lit UiruiiU 
polite boir, B^d, 'Ab, mftibun, Ah — wo — da tMl — 
ALcm!'" Quick M thought the tntth H^Oied throttfli 
her mind thxit eho wu ^ ironjus* und bod dirad lo 
epcak of her pvtcidu Sftviour ta tho pnvcnoo cf mta, 
Sbo oftOj^ht UU vrordjs u>d oooUoaed tli«ni e ■ Yoa do 
not p«TOit Iftdios to speak in joar mMtin^* 

>**I vroQ*t ny ^miV,' wm the n*plj ; *boc U 
«trictl7 A ni#ii*« DMctitig; aivd tb«ra on pWaty 
plaeM el^ov^bore irliero cornea oan ipeak.* — *I 
&wai9 or \u fir, tlunk Godt but f thoo^fat I f«lt 
Spirit of tbe Lord; utid T lun tAoglit ihnU wbnm 
Spirit of Uio Lord Es, tliere n tiboity. PImmj 
IDO, nr: I will novat mlmtte again/ 

"*OhI DO intrusion, madaia; com« aifauu' — *Tktok 
foa ; 1 will vImki I «an go nowbtro eW 

" Ab flho paMed on, cbokod vrith deep «a>otioo, a ^m- 
ticnuui ateppod to b«r nUlot and Mid. * Doo^ va^ 
ladf. I know irU^t you have paascd througb ; buC 
have dealt ^nUy with jov. I bare kaowD tbam to 
lodiee of great icfiuemeut and tulenl to stop and oU di 
when tlw ior>m littN been fiiU of ptopla ; l/ut, m 
aa jou live, ! feel thit tl>at b jiut wbai tha Pnllofr 
almt fDceting vrnntM to ntake It a pmrer gnatvr lln 
It evor baa been." Ilnppilj Jkln. Van CotI 
to tiiat taiga and fervent Imdy i}f CbHstiana vrUd 
permit wtxaea) to apeak, and vrliifib baa Ucaitaad 
Oi.rTm, [(AttRicrD. WALKJUt^Audotbrn; b«it ai 
ordinatioEi but boon conferred on mine. It u aaid 
the Birtbop of Califorala refuaed to ordois Un. Vi 
Cotti ainiplr because abe waa a woraao. tJkcitigi, 
■tatod, •!» had bdrouj^bt 1,7S5 ptfMoaa Into tba cbattii 
ttareJlfd 7/iOSmileainUie Master'f aervicai wnxxn 



WOMKN ^UJUkOUAKa. 



467 



ftpil prv^uiinrl r.I>9 M*i)Tv»iiK. During »iw^ ^^ar 8^9 haA 
■pmt l,77d boun in reljginiu uii!tfUtig», Though «U 
Uus cnrjviiofl nf t«»l a:id 6Ui*jx» rjtil» to gain liei An 
otdiiuUtoci mt die hamU <*( nuui. Gih] rJM>W!i U;ruugli Iiirr 
how 4 ■rotnan. er«D witlioul oidiiMitioD. on do ibo 
work of ttn evasi^elbt. Other iroriicit Arc Mlnvtmg in 
Imi footetcpA ; Atkd the tiiae ia tioL far di^tarit wlieo ticjr 
will find all doom open lor tbtm, bikI nticb men m 
B«Elu>pe ti&v6» and SimpeoB m'ly to ojtlaiii ihera^ 

Th« EpiMopdiaus of Eufrland ut<l ABicrica bavv had 
DobU vomedi workers in their cfaurdiM, and a oluu of 
d£irot«d woinoD liko si«t«m of chiritj amon^ th«m; 
hnt H would bo d««ni«d fiacHle^o by aaay Iq iLoso 
tibur«hw for a womati to ptcfotm «ac«Ti)ota1 duties, 
"TLo Womau'i JtmniiP* (vuL v. jl 85) ttym <* Mw. 
^^taaton Uiit»wa Ootm u trump CArd Jii th« propoMtiGii 
^^bt no wonniii nbuulil alUftid a cliuruJi wIwtb thty 
^KftuM to admit a woman preacher to tbo pulpit on 
^WTount of hrx Kex- If tbn wrrv earned out, cverj 
thurch would haro to flucctiosK as women compooo thft 
lujority of tbo audioooc*.'^ 

--The CoogTc^tioci&li^t*' sftid in 1872. **If any 

vooun boa a caU to the pulpit, and oan get pcopli; to 

bcr pr«afih* ivd would bid h%i Ocd 6pood." Hiat 

bly waa tbo ground llarnet lioocbur Stowo took 

wking a man wio tiLid ho liad a oall to preach, 

bather be noticed that p^oplo bad a call to hear 

the Sweden bo igi&Di bare been appealed to on 

the bubjoot of a wocnan mmUiry. Ah Mm- M, A. K. 

Edcoblkv apjwaW 1i/ printed circular to (hit Cpbtco* 

LtiH of New Vovk in IST-I, to Dr. llAitftTEl CLtSBT 

ioiudy a4ldr«!.-(iBod iho "New JeruMdeui Convene 




Ids 



woMKK or xm onrrHT, 



tjoa" hdd to BonUiti iu Juae, ld72, ttj^ 
dUi«r forcible words, '* Tike irorU ii««d« vansi 
tlwirtboitgliULheir minutrj, '.balrAeUreOD-opdEKtiflo la 
the peHonnancG of lueo. Bftoeatb the 04lm <d their 
puie Utm U n& bdirdJiog fire, thoogli MlNpiiif* Tooeh 
it, light it villi tbe Iii>p0!i of jour ovd Uftiratkoft, tAd 
baT« thorn u oo-worken in Um work of Ood btfim 
you/" 

The CliruUftna— or Chntt-iMtit u tiioy on popolaily 
but incorreotljr tenaad^hsre unong then tvTcnl 
womui miDtgton, ordiinod with pablia wrnotc witUa 
tine lotit fetr years. la ISSS or 18dd, Um lunotad 
Hichard F. FuIW« i^. (brotber of Uftrf{ar«t Polbr 
d'OMoli And Cliij^ali) Arcliur B. Fullnr), Uivn « Uwfv 
in Bo»ton« informed me of this U<ly, bs a ipeaipr itt 
repots in that relij^iouH body, with which hm w&i kt»- 
teU connec:cdt &nd spoke Mmntly In tftfor of & rvfu- 
larty ordfliiied womui miaUry. IIo did not iiv* to bt 
pr«»eot in tho flwb at her ordination ; but aho is now 
auocotttful lubortr. duly commiaAKHivd, in or now Ni 
Bedford, llua, I refer to R«t, &Luat Q. QcvTOi, 
waa ordainod at thr annud caocting of Uie Miasu 
tian Confereooe held in Nowton, O., in Oetobcr, U1 
Mra. £mi B. Frastk of IndianapolU wi 
Eld«r limJEigton offered tha ordaining pnytr. 
Prof, WtMton of Aniioch Cot1a0O s*^ ^ ohar|rfl, vUb 
Elder McCullock, Pmidi^nt of tho OtmftfiDo*, 
the right Intnd of fellowship. A comepoodoit if 
**Wo4nan'a Journal *' aaid, ■* Hvr ordination hvd 
decided oo without a diidenUng voice; and many of i 
miniatec* prcaenl gavo public exproaiion of i^pronl 
women in tho miniatry. One of tbo (^d«at and 
taflucntial aatd, ' Ood hM giTon to many 

I WMia>-« Joaraalt vol H ^ aa 



woauec riiBAoaEHs. 



46& 




enod lliat sliould be xned for Chriflt's excise «a 
kt i» icjoico to welcotno thom ae cc^lAboren 
with uft.' AnotiiCT aftid, 'Tho woild groaned with 
error and uq. Oqo of lU n>o«t emioeiat errors vaa ciyit 
it lud Attex&i>tcd to run ftU tba interftiU of life oq % 
p&relj masoulio^ bagU; excluding frooi public recog- 
tton tbo bcATt and iutcll^t of wLfe, mother, aud 
t«r.' A resolution was passad pledging the Confer- 
to ii»e its utmost vfTorU to open tho ir&y for joiing 
meu and «f4>M«ii to enter the ministT^." > 

Tlie Unitomns h&vr had thm fnr hut two rftgiilmrl^ 

onlain«d s&d settled women luitiiiiterK though tber« ar« 

•ereial who &cqaentljr officiate in Cnitaiian pulptt«, 

who wotdd bo licenaed pr«aobeni» JonbUoMv if that 

d^DominatioD aado proTiaion for each khorcrs, and 

wbo ought to be ontwardljr wt apart by '* the laying^on 

of bands," since tboj are eyidcctl; alroodj ordained bj 

the Spirit. Among those o^cooionni pTeacbcnt iDiiy bo 

nentioned Mrs. Juua Wajid Ho^rn, Stire. Caaolikb H. 

Daii^ Mm. Edkah D. Checxbt, Mi:ii Ma-rt F. Ra<t- 

KAK. and Mhs Hahrlst M. Lxtvt- The two ordained 

voEDtQ miniattcn mentioned above were also rattled 

tora, the one in Brooklfn, Conn., the other in Man»* 

Mam. Ro4li are fn^d from pfutond ilt]Uc?9 noir; 

e ono, Rer. Makt H. GttAVSS, nsiniumng lu her 

osetts homo afc«i rccvnt misuoDary efforts st 

VeeL supplyiitg porinhm ooc4»ionaUj, mid seeking 

to cfltsbUab heftltb. nerer Yer^ finn. I can apeak per- 

aooftUr of her oommendable progress, from ft writer in 

S«&d»7-ecbooi tnd other pexiodicala, to the ttadico 

sttd Ubots of the go^^el mininti^-, sgainat the tide of 

eeily ptejudices in wkioh she shared, and the discoui- 

ttcf wefUc f*ii&e and needful arduous prepors' 
I IL r T. I* Wcou ■ J4Qn*J, vol. T . p. VOL 




470 



WOUd or TttB OBSTTimT. 



i 




ttoa. A lover of litenturo, • bibliopoUit 
beio^ ft bookvronDt wiLh ber Qntlriu^ Icduatif 
Ttikdy pan fibo lifta dono frood ftcrvtoo in ururlng 
on vmriovu ocotfiioru. Sli« wm ordAuicd in tbo 
UTun ctiurob mt Mfliuflold, Mui., Doc 14, 1871, 
which ocvasioEi tbd een l co iraiv u foUo^ni la 
tion lij' linv. 8. W. Bii^H* rrading of Scrijiturw bj lUr. 
WUlUm Rmwti, aernian bv Rev> W- II- Cudvt«xli, 
OoouiooJt] \ijtnn hj R^v, I'bobr A. lUiufnnU o 
iog pniyer bjr Rct. Fiolder IhacI, rbor^ bj Rer. 
B. Wiggin. haikd of fcllou-ship bj Ut-r. Cclk D 
Addt«Ba to tbc people \>y Rct. Oljinpim Biown. 
prayer by Rov- J. U. I'lerce. 

CTlasa Uuiu BARctxnc. hendr tbo dMflgb 
DfiiUnui olctgvmmt. Rev. Williui Bftbcock. 
Ui0 UaiUriaD OtviDitj Sfibool in Cuibrkl^ M 
afterward at Jleidclb^r^. (Jcnnany, wbero ibe 
ritfd to Rot- lIcraiftD Uisbc«, uid l>oiti wwo »Aorw«id 
proaflbftn Id a Unlurlaci cliurob iQ SteptiAj O 
Londoa. After tlie death q( W hntbandt wha 
praafhftr in Sinilb RoAtott, ibo ww octUin^ and b 
prvsxTbiii^ ttcucpubly. 

Tbo flret ordained vomaii miiujiCv mmao^ Ik* 
tuiivis* Rov, Cbua UmuEioUt U» roeentl^ piaa 
froo the ctty of Synca:<e to tbc looj; and wrIcotAO 
blomd tml of tho groal bowfUr. Hor paMttl 
foTiD and soul-lU oouDioDa&co witl bt Joog m)«iiiUindf 
and tbo boauty of h^r vfmit. as well ibows In to 
wonift of wMom and lovr, wUI not »joii ba fiWBo|ti& 
Hvr mminry it precJoiiB whvrtfver *ba wa» knowa, a 
tlie faiibful Itiachor, tbo wliulralilo writer, U» oloq 
prvacbor. Jt waa the [irivil«^ of Dw writrr u» rvad 
Seripinrca and nITf'r Uw upening prayor on iho 
of her ordiiuitiou hi Hit ijlue^i, h>n v TiUngo of 




«QM£N PBBACBCB8. 



471 



" Amid ' tUe golden glory of OcU)b«r day* ' aome of m 
vbo m bcr« Unday hjiw licr, in thg l>eiiijty of bcr npo 
vooiuihoodi ftnd tbo inatutity of hfir idcouI powera. 
■jinmc tbo impoite&i offioo of tlio ChristiftD mmiatcn 
Ukd DOW onO0 morei * aioid tho goldoa gloiy of October 
dajSt* wo vo togoUiOTt thinkiog of her, Kod wibbiog for 
her «cai& a fiold of i»efalaesa oonnn^iutiinto wtth her 
pow«n. God hu gnstod tbo prejor, »toii bofiara it 
VM au«rdd ; «xid her patuli b €ompo«ed of thoM wbo, 
Uko lm*elf, luivo onicrvKt th« raalma of imiaorUlf^. 
Her pMlenco aad her Chrittian truit are b«fora tu in 
t1]i« IhMt? r>f a hngbt example. Uay ber mantle foil 
Opo7i KnirlJicr wumuu worth/ to witftr it^ aivl tbc ptilfiit 
ones GnxisecTBted hj btw prefiCDCe of a Samuel J, May, 
and fortlier honored by woman nuaiAtera of man'clloiu 

Koe of maQDet. and wiaomg melody of 5p««cb. and 
Ddroufl proftindtt/ of thoughb. bo •>gata worthily 
sdl" On ibo incmorallu day of ber ordination, bor 
nor pwtOT, Rev. Job:i W. Chadwick, [irtach<^ tbe 
sermoot Bov. WilUaxn P. Tilden offered the ordaining 
pmyer, tbo cbu^ to tiie pttrtor was pven hy Ror, 
William Pott«r, Lbe welcome to tbe nuniatn' by Bav. 
0«car Clnte, iind the addrc^i to thij peopio by Mo. 
Ward Howe. Tbe ordination hjinn wa» from 
pan or Mr. Chadwidc, i;fho<a own orilinatian hymn 
been from ibe pMi of Mm. Burltrlgb'it btiJ^band, 
wlwwe eipif*i«»d w^b wna the c^umi i:i pnrt of h«r 
agiug in Llitt vrorV of Lbe mminLry. TbLi mtiutlou 
ber may fiUy be olosod with her own i^otd^ spoken 
delivering a mcrmorizd ilirttHJurM! on the annivfii^ 
Y of tbe death of tbe aatntly and aainted ijamucl J 
May, ** U i% not to him," ahe naid, <* that J, a woman* 
ovo tlM privilege of etAudiug here to-daj aa your 



iU 



woM&:f or TfiB oKtrrtrmi. 



pastor, and offbritig thia tril>ttt« bo hiaoMBioij? 
V show our loTo ftad roT«xaQo« f&r him I7 IsriDf 
Htm 09 ho would irish ub to lire, b^ pcomoti&f tiis 
Interests whicb ho hold dur ; hj doing our utmoft to 
Monro lo overj hinaan beloff the light to thiuk hit 
thoughts, livfl hU own lift, to owu no nvMtv but 
truth, whoM miiriOQ It U not to emUrv, but to 
^B, So llriag vre Khali be tvw wHh fata mnd with 
the bmro and Iruo epirtu of tbo put; our aoub will b» 
open to their infloeTioo; vo shall be ftiwir ro wofhia 
and Ood's »txong helpers, carrjrii^ forward thai far 
wMeb the worlds wcro ntado.*— ibt upUfliog and mh 
Dobluig of humamtjr.'* 

^Tbe Jowish Uoascagtr" sla4«fl thst ^aa jtttths 
womui's lights morement haa not r(«obad tho sjn^ 
gogue. No Jewoes ie, to oar knowlirdge, anukma al 
Mua Smilfi/ tho Ca^ QuakcnaSt or Jdr^ HaaaCard tha 
UniratsalUti and destres to p»aoh to h«r hraihi^ 
The prcachjiig propeiuity may oxut among JowoftMa; 
but It ia oonOasd to the family otrole, or to aome of our 
ladies' societies. . . - This may be aa eridoDca at Ibsir 
degenetacr, or of their ooumon-seivo." Wb of oupaa 
the *■ Christian Register** remarks, "But we ad?ki 
the * &f eianger ' (o beware of pnmeturo enili 
When human nature Ine b&d ibi peifeci work 
the deoghtera of Israeli some of the kintfwi 
Sliriam and Deborah aa^ entirel/ eolipea the Ooii 
salL^t and Pieibxtonaa prophetoMea." 

The latter title waa probably given to Miaa 
beeause she made her first ootable eppsftranoe ia 
Dr. Cooler's pulpit in Brcokljrn, N.Y. She ecill weaa 
her Qoaker giub, but she ia oeitainlj net to be 
bered with that poople, linee ahe haa eobmitted 
water bapti^ from Rer< Hr. renteooet, &Dd that b 



VOUH PBSACHBB& 



478 



D|ipontion tc tb* ri«wB aad pnotiiti of Quftkws 
It she ia doing a good work in the pul|^t8 of tho 
Churchill ii«umiljr closed to vonioo. Tfao writw lud 
grtAt plesHoro m heand^ her ati ftbe a(ooj In the Con* 
gitgfttioDal uul Dftptist piilpilfl of Kaw HaveD, Conn., 
and tiUiita tb&l more women of Uer bUilio^U nuliolartliip, 
and peiBonal %.hMtj m Toico aod manner, will aUod lO 
tfaoM ptdpib ctbervrioo practioaUy oloocd to womeo* till 
in time ihay win bo aa full/ open aa othera to tho ixuB 
aacMasora of tho dergywomao of Cc&chrca, 

Rolerenco has Dot boea mado to Ibo fact that womea 
preach or apoak ID pobLio od aabbath dajs uQong tho 
SpiiitoaliBta. Such women ae Mta, Augusta Coopkb 
BamQL a&d Mra. Hary K. Da via, and ntooj otbt.^1^ 
of noblo lifb and Christian ajrca|>atbEea, apeaking thid, 
oannot fall lo oxerc a mighty infiueoco for good- But, 
aa neither men nor wom«Q ae^m to be aet apart for 
preaehlng or pasli^ral service among this people, their 
public workisn* aru not htro vonmrrraled. 

Ajnoag ih& BaptUts, — the CalTlnlatia sort, — no 
woiikao mioistan ara known ; but women speak U£n>d 
mnianarj topios, oooduoi miaaionarjr and educational 
iiMoUii^ and are working gmndly eo f ax as opportu- 
niij ia giTon. AmoniC them 1 may mention Mr?. Au- 
QtmiA M. UoTEY of Nowton» Afaas., tho aooomplishcd 
Kgb& of a profoesor in Kowton Tbeolo|^ca) lEtatitutton* 
^^boee eloqnont words etlrred a largo aodicnco to inter- 
0tt in miflBioDe, one aftomooii in New Hartti, Coon*, aa 
ibe qwke from the BRme pulpit lq which Miaa Smiley 
aftarward stood, 

Jnaie, a Scotch poaaant, whom Mrs. Cakouvs A. 
SoOLS r«c«nt1y mot at Dundee, when she wna told by 
hJCth, Mar^ant R. Parker that her gueat Mmv Sonle waa 
^B^reacher aometimee, maHo iin«war, "ThewomJin of 



47i 



voMSH or TiuE cmcnJXT. 



SiunaHki wui the first miflriottArf ;'* ibui ^Tinff. 
ft »uuiGb riMbjnerian of ihm John Knox •tflutp, 
■vent of her sotO to tba il^hL of wonaa to pvu:^ 
C^nsl. Aikd Ui wlmm tras ths nmnga glT«a.'*(t« 
t^l my (lutdjiloft and Peter that die T^onl hm 
Wt to tboM women who wero— > 



" I.Mt at UiB BTOM and mrOmA at lb« frvv* ** 



of 



Who 



fitted, 



icthjr. 



'Sanour 

roodjt iUan votnati, to preach " Jemw and the raaurTa^ 
tion " ? TLa coming preacher vbo b to gain the ear a£ 
tho cliarchcs ia a wcmoii, *— not ooo wonaa of aaf 
clturoh, but the ooQseanit«d, God-^'ifted wutaeii itteaeb- 
en of all tho charehei. fiov, !r^ l\ Potaaoi in " Tim 
libeml Chxittian'* oaee iaid tinly, ''Sure I am thM 
the Toico of vrotoan will he heud in tiio polpit of tba 
fittare; for she hiu maaj tMngi to 9my out of tba ^ait 
of God the; max\ do« out koow, aT>d of whldi he 
vaouul tell VM [mee minulen]. She will wyeafc tluap 
hkldett from the foimdatloii of the woH<]- Eva bift 
been too loiig ailaikL She miul nuw tell m of hm 
paasioDate expmeocea, her bope^ her aaiilralkua. hm 
dreajiUi her lon^o^ hnr fiiiliirve, aod her triuBi|ihi, b 
the leogt loog htato^ of the world. She haa lafaoni 
tbtoagh many a gcaeratioa vrith aa ciiurpoketi beroM; 
but iiow the tDUiic of her uUennoe mual be baid, 
laden with tbo rioha* of a woudfooa gniwth that hm 
yti h^aix Imt OoDtly ot>inprf*l>etided. Va«t and btaatf* 
fid an; tho viGiooa that God has reToaled to bar alt 
a«:ritkiug vpUit ; and the world, bj meaaa of 
expcvMnoQ, will b« Ijfi^d up to a diviner life, in a 
tetuter cooiprehenMion of the univene, atid a finer 
log of tta immaimm (flory. The pulpit wU) a 
rctiJi tie Au1diin<itt.|Hi«vor luitil waaum takea bor 




vcwnr r»K40it£its- 



47^ 




it M the free wad equal iDt^rpreter of God The 

iQu^t givQ way Ui tlw ivni\r:r luial, ii« wrti v 

jr int^eoL Tha decile mc«t rQireH>eml« Ihe foil 

or humanitj, or it« «!oquenc<i nill becomo a van- 

ing ■oqikI.'' 

Tlila chapter ma.? Le fiuuLed with '* iLe anre word 
of propliccj-*' The on-rolling ycarv will bring the 
tiiunipti of iTn\h. Tito kiogJoms of this vroi-ld tuusl 
booocnc tlic kiagdoma of our l^onl oad hi^i Cbritfl, for 
"*tfao jDOath of Uie Lord halti ipokeo it ; '* nad, m the 
great radcmptive and upliftutg work of ttto fiUurei 
woman BbaU liare her due praiMJKioo, aud afbtrword 
t^e rigbteoos roconpcoso of reward tbat mtut foUov 
■a ebe beholds LuDauit^ jiurlilod and bleeu 

The cnJJ of the age is to ectJon, — to grand, coneeit- 
cd, coiuwetated aetioa. Womui me culled h> labor both 
bj thetnaelvee and with aftch otJi«r, for the devadon of 
tha race, for that mfraniibijHfoiivit nf frnry lujiil, for ilie 
braakJng of everj fetter. tUl all tbe cbildt^u uf f^ur 
Ood are rojoUbg io '*tbo liberty wbcrcwiUi Christ 
fiaketh tree." lliia b ao age of pn^reia ; aud, iq the 
bgrht of its centennial glorj, our country' hu tbo great- 
c»t of all reaaon to be gUd in the advance which lla 
vciocD have made, Ulic mighty tide of hnmao j>rogTeee 
iliwcepingon with rcni^lluca foree, and no man ehalJ 
er ace ltd ebb. Like tbnt river of etomnl love that 
welh from tieneath lUo tlirone of God, Hdn jiwevp of 
adv^ioemeDt mitdt be coniinuoi;s and perpeiual, 
Aad the grandest movement of cur age U the move- 
t in bebelf of vocoan. It Is the grandest of all 
agas. By the 1ni^«r part of the Chrii^tiaTt world 
b reverenued in tlie Vir^-in Muiber: and by 
nwt iasho revered in Il:e fi-ioiiiiiie cbaracien^licA of 
immaculalo Son. Shall an/ trno nom^w, any ('hH» 



aa 



176 WOUK!l OF TUB OKKTUBT. 

tttD womaJUt b« idly » rpAcucor, mkI not 
vorker, in th4 nwveiiveQC of [o-<1aj 7 

Id a gnad uul kwfol Us* i " 
and 

" In fta ttg« oq agv bdlin^ 

Bow much more subtinw to bo n actot in tba 
dramA whkli attracU Iha abtmbod attacttiQQ of ihm 
^ood and tnio. Uut aitti&g aboro M oofiflifiUt in lAm 
realou of peace aod bleaaedneas, bobold th* oooi^t 
triumph of tba Kigbt I Our dear cnoa aro tber«. Aftd 
bj all Um love Uioy bad fnr Cbrin aod for hia cavtt 
for God and for huBsanilj, the apjieal ta ban mada la 
tTarjraador, that jou not onljr bid tba work of IkUb^ 
tioo " Qod &pMd/' but that you lead to all aflbcla te 
toquul's advaacamaot your haartiaia affbrt aod jw 
aameet prajrar. To avery aanicct ironaii, with loruc. 
haart and active brain, comae tlua appeal:^ 

■■ Up! U b tba Almlehtr** nhj : 




CHAPTER XIV. 



HOICKS MlSSfOXAKlHe. 

n, Jo^Foai — ITiinlol Kcirvfi — Sarah B. Jihlvon — ntDiLriU 

^W<mi«n r ' r ,- "r > vitlt III* TUluus Clittirb ll<Mnlt 4if 

ftlul HAn.i -^ Womar't C^ftt^Mty AuocrilliM — 

In itiat l4Vh nrti f4 vaDrup* iiiU •«»■ ltu& liM «Ufp-" 
^0* jf kiln ad tliv ir«iU, wl iir*4d^ ite pvpvl 10 ««««T CMilw*.* — M^aa 



iVKR Aiiwe UiB OtrUliaa em btgin^ woinvii have 
tircn miiw9nnari«s, even in tlie ^vcml ««nttp nf 
VOril, an iinirh nis miti. Tlirjr Imva l»eeii (Hujmi- 
i«l4 of U*e riimtiau fftlUi i tliey have been beue- 
tan fo tlic moo in llio tvork of [lif^Dmliuititig thta 
that makctU wUe imlo HAl^*ation, ty labors aa 
tnAen among tbc hcAiLiMi, au<\, by their pcn» find 
^c* m Donic&Uy Gbri-^tUn laiicU, ^fitnnUtin^ tli03<o 

*r7 



woatEsr umsiosABOB. 



in 



John Stomrt Mill). to w« no«d not £d th« bng-TTui iiu]c« 
TCStrioUona to kaep vomeo from «pben« for wlikh 
Pmviilcucr tiu tiiifltt«<l tli«ai; iulUit* bdng abun^isnil^ 
strong eooogh to praaerTe the onier of tli« leiiv with- 
oot tho help of our cnitchra* ¥V^ to BKercK^ aoj' «x- 
Mrptiooal gift in puMic. And faking Uirlr nyuUr Amim 
is tfao buMDcaa of tbe chorth, tLe Qiiakor voai«Q are 
pn>f(>utiiUj dom«tic. though vith a c^rteiu Urg^neM 
of miod, Aod abscuce of fomimoe tittleDeas, vblcfa 
doulaUeM »pruig8 from their nider tnuaiiif:/* 




It bu been fotukd by thoM moo vho havo be«Q mia- 
^Dah«i ID foieifrn luud^ that, aoooinpafiiod by ivotaea, 
thmr nuiM U ii>on prosperous, for th« viv«s of tJhe 
aen tnisiiODUlM ovn oft«a gain a«ceM to women m 
th«y cannot; and if th« chamct«r of tho women mutki 
th« atatitUtd of society io every place, an it doe*, then 
itia vastJy important cJiat tho women b« r^acb^. The 
len who have, with rare Mflf-iiacrilii^ft, Ml Itome 
ttativa laod for a home in heBlbeoOom, with mU* 
htuhaodjs ve on miich miHioiuifiM u llw m^n, 

iii)fh the latter have been ordained and are aitanod. 
1^ women have been ordained by tho proTideoce of 
God, aiid in their epirita ; and tlicir reward ia in hcavea. 

It ia aisKMt oeodieas to aSino toAt MohafDiueUao 
women need the help of their ChniitiaD «iHier» oa 
much na the women of idolatrous nationa. A writer 
ia ** Fnaer'a ^fagaaiao** telU the itory of the need of 
woman mi»iioQanee in the fotlowio^ sUtenwnt oon- 
eeniioa Mohammedan women : ^ 

" In any leriooa queatioo of reform among Mohamtne- 
ina^ tho position of wocohi mtut ocoopy a prooiiueut 
{hue. We are not now »pp:4kitig of polygamy, but of 



di 



44Q 



voukv OF THB onrTcrBT. 



the seolosioD of wonvn, ibt Abnvgmdoo of Uwlr iolb 
•ncft, ftDd, u K ooroUftry of dili, tho rosring of tl» 
entire popuUtioxi in firivolitfi tgooruioo, «&d Tiot 
The Ronui Inila meo ' nupect womsti of wbou liiejr 
Aro born ; ' but A few t8olat«d |irecepU Ilia tUft ve 
po^nliiMi BgmiDjit its g«fiienl tenor. Tlw Tniknh 
vomtti ahufflo oniiotiGed ifarough the BtfMta in tboi 
joHow ilipiMiv. or ait foi- houra in tho mcftdows of tbi 
<nre«t ir4tora/ tbeir brigbt ferryeM glouaiDg lik« « 
ptrlr -colored bed of ttilipi*- If their oimcr U ft ma 
of naark, they aio tAken for aa ftinojf in « ptdod exaeL 
OT they ftro huddled like vhcop by their bUok wihniefiA 
into a upftrate pen on the litUe steuaciv vblcb ptbt 
bugily ftCToas tbo Goldeo HonL Tho lifb of a Xurkiih 
vcmiu Ib Tftpid tnd meudi^LeMi oh* U m igxMntil 
u K child : yot otod the gnnd Tiziont b often ai Uu 
dkqwaal of harem Intrigiie. And, Lf w* would dUconr 
tho csnker which liefl u iho root of TurkJah eoalelj, fi^ 
mi^l aenk U in tho prkcLics which condemns tbe 
ilren of both Miea to Lite rioioim atmiMphcn of 
haretn during tho most pkitio jmn of life, Hw 
of thifl tnatment of womea wo «h4D find not in tii* 
dictattio of Ofientd iealoosy, but in ihn UttcUi^ 
the Komn. The divino boolG by no aoun %ivnv 
exurtoQoo of woawn. It iayu down inoet cvdal 
rainuto rules for her walk in tifo. But it treato 
vnther ai an adjuDct to oun than aa an in* 
rcaponnble lidng. Obodieaoe ta the 
obadiODco to ]itm who niloa orcr har- Home ii 
proper placet but if ahe gooo abroad aba mnii 
herfaooand hreaat, — nay, aome aay, oveo her 
^Speak onto thy wivca and thj danghMs, aai 
wivm of the true hoLieven,' aajv tho Kmn, * that 
cast their outer g^nnenis over them when they 



WOMEN infisio»Aiiie& 



4fll 



ftbrood. B6]Mvui|{iromcn must not di^tcoror IfacironiA^ 
mcntet , . - oDd let tbcm throir their Toils otctt tlieir 
bosoms.' It is lo ffucU ligfit maUen ba ihijao Ui^t ire 
sM tbo itiScuUy of a cIiah;^ in {he current of Eti^tora 
thoDgliL II in &ot merely Uto Invi'trmto Habit of 
oenturiM, thonf^h tiiis Is etronj^or ihstii Utr. Lul «lfiO « 
nutter nf religion. Tbo S|>anuJi loJy raft^ exchange 
bo tD&niillA for a Pvbt bonoett tvItU a sigh perhapt tt 
tbo dofpotWn of faMhion ; but, if bor Torkbb «is£«r byi 
Mido tier f nvAmdA!, «hf< icfringet solemn ordliuino<<!i cf 
her tvligioti, ACtd degrad«i bofi&olf in i\w. t\ghl o( all. 
1C IiDur«ir<%rt aa vrci liave hocd^ tUo Koiati awarilii a vtfiy 
aodeat tiloco 10 tljo Ecltirme of «<QCj«ty to womieii. it c3o«4 
nott aa manjr haTo ntippo^ved, aUiolTe tier frooi n!f<|ioTiid<- 
Ulititii berflt or exclude her fi-om ]>arl:ci|iatiOD lu tbe 
K£o to come Th» wouM bo manifest^ dtcu though no 
other daljr had been eojcioed tli&u pcrfbrmiag Uie pil- 
grtma^ to ^locca, vrhich ia of aticfa parniaoutit iiD]>or- 
tBDoe that it b declared that a man iniglit oa well dio a 
»w or a ChrUtion «a acj^Icct iL I; bafi beeo crrone- 
ly iupim«ed that th« Koran altoira women no m>uU. 
k exptoealy state* that the derotit Mtuaulman. in 
ition to IiIh Mv«fktj-tii-o colMUal brlil^ kIulU ba 
>wed tlie company of any of his wivea in paradise, 
whom be may not Lave? {^own tired on cnith. Tlie 
|ihet toot Andii^ that hin interrogator, on one oeca- 
ttoa, was not ^liafled villi llie declaralioD tlint tliere 
mvM bo no old women in boavcn^ hwlcncd lo luld 
hn unlj mc«nL hy Uua U^t all vrould ba restored 
;i>ulh; tboogli, to be suKt wlicn ho waa permitted 
take a bmVa*oye viev of buarvii aiid htlU be aaw 
m^tof the inhabitantA of die laltec place were 
ica. Tbe abeence of womca from moeqnee baa 
{rebably led batty obeerveni lo the above eonclUDion i 



4S2 



woum or tuk oK^trDav, 



but tbb ifl on!x due to di« dnin tlml Llife]r dioold mi 
dbtntct Uk mttcctiofi of Lhe nuik wofahifpen.** 



Even, tben, la Uio Uod^ of tlie Crescent Uie wi 
di6ciplc« of tlid onKecan b« ftbuodftstlj naefuL Tbi 
suno li oiidotualily tru& in regftnl (a ftll otlior bait 
vkere Uie light of Ui« tratb is d«wiiiaff, cr j«t to 

<UWD- 

It would li« slmplj impoMibto to give eTCo & |iia- 
gnph to each of Um woawn kiWoqumb wlio lisn 
gone forth to fondgn \suiis for Jeti^ nke. A fc« 
only can bo mentioned Iwfe. Aawrioui tumbw 
bcgwi in tlto pnnnui cvntaij; sod evvcj wotvan ^h 
slonaij wbo lua goEw bom our ibov«a b« Lmo i 
wonum of oui aataotial ecutnty. IIip Ihnm mno 
wbo vooctttiTclj boduao Uw comfiuiiutu of Adooba 
Jodaon wo known and botsoted in all tbo 
Their memoirs bare booa writtoi. uul are ci^ 
Aooeao* and aa tbiUUng la aajr work of fictios la 
Ofariatiao hc«rt Says Mnk Halo, «'Mjv. An 
JouflOH waa Qio divt American woman wbo 
Ic ktavo hor Dicoda aad ocKintiy to boar tfat gotfi 
the boatheo In foroi^ climua. Wdl does iln 
thertrfmca and love of all Cbriatiaos; noroi 
lUnatoeDlh ctatury fumUli ibe roocptd of i 
wbo 80 tmljr d«aerTQa tbe title, a misaioDa:^ 
Tba bdaf Hkot<:)] of tb^ [-ionoer woEonii iniaibiniij,i 
^'Iven by Mr*- Hale, is aa follow*; "Ann HmmA 
JuilN<n yriLf 1»om m 1TS9, m Brwlford, MaH 
oarcfttll^' ^diicattdt and bocaiao oailjr iliatuigRi 
bpT deep and eaituwl ml^gkna cbuaotor. In Fi 
1812, aba marriod Adooxraia Judaon ; aod la llta 
mouth sailed Uu CalcatU. bctr boibaud bdu^ a; 
uuoonat7 to IibJia. Soon aftar tbej rcadtod 




trOUKSt UIBdIOKAUlCa. 



488 



ity wore onki^d by tbo East India Company^ wbo 
worv op|iofi«d to «1) misnomvy bbort ftmong tbv 
uatiTot, to quit the country* AVLUa waitio|^ for an 
opportntihjr of leaving, iUr> and Mnt. Jtidaon vmployei 
xhr-ir tUne in lovvsitigating tlie ttubjecl; of b«fi4i?un ; and, 
-:_' conrinced ih%^ tbcirprvuoujs opinions ]uh1 bueti 
k.;;u;ic»u:s IIhtj ji>iiiifi] llio napd.it cliutiJi nL Cali^utUi. 
Ir; July, IdLB, Mr. aad Mrfa. Judaon arrived at 
'^lJl^'r■oD in Hormali, ulicrc far manj ^carn Husy 
oilHirtxl aoGCOBbfuIly and diligently ia lino cau:ie of 
rcligioD. In 18^, \n coo^cqacDco of piotio<]t«cl ill 
bdaltJi, Mr». JudM& rutar:i«d alone to America, vfhcie 
tko ixmuintxl ttU li{2i>, wlico £hc rejoined her husband 
in Bangoon. Difficultly amii^ butireon tb« govern 
cant of Ban^ and tbe Burman empale^ i^ the 
aJdiig of lUn^in hy tho Britdi^b in 1821, caiuoil tJbO 
bnprisotuxieot of Sir. JudjKio and aovcnU other ior- 
eigncn vrbo wcra at Ara, the copital of tbi» Burman 
empire. For two yeara LIh incspreaaible aufforingB 
vi^'lvfvd hv tLoM priAonen wtrra allavlatad hy tho coiv- 
itanl tnic and ftzciliofui of Mnf. Jtidaon ; uk! it uraH 
owing in a great mea^mre to her efforts thai th^ were 
ml lut relnuiKl. In 182^ the misKianftTy esbdjlishment 
inui remored fnim Rangoon to Anilie.-^t; uid in 
October of tbat year Bin. JikdAon diod of a fcvci dur* 
ing her htuljand^A ilMenco. Tbe phymiau attributed 
tha fatal tenninMion of the ducflae to the injury her 
r ^r -^tit'ition hud rtccivud from her )ong<protnictc<i auf- 
ruij^a and ecrcre priTatJona at Ara. In ahoul iax 
lonths after hor dcoth her only chUd, an infact daugb- 
% vraa laid bj ht>r nido." X>r. Judtfou Dunicd, for bia 
wife> the widow of the miafiionarj Boord- 




SaftAB B. Jtmsoir waa boni In Alatead, N.H., Nov 



m 



woycf or tub ckotumt. 



1^2^, and eoou ntUi «oooit)pftni«d ker biui«Bd 
vther miMionaric* to Oaloulta. Tb« finl diAtiiwtjtK) 
of Ur, frod Mra. B(Minlm&ii wu I^itdj ; u>d thett. 
after eucounUsring frt^ dugon uid saffcringii Aod 
orercotnui^ appaUIng difficQltiea and dJNounfvacnlSi 
ia all of which Mn. Boordmao iharcd, Jhlr fl<fanltaaa 
dicdin 18SL Sha had prevtoiuly lout iwfi ^hildnat 
^&o cnijri a bd&, wis leFt her, acid th«j 
a atnti^ laod. But ^ did not duort bar mi 
duU«s. Foot y«^n she tniwaed a widoir, 
was DuiUd in iiiarnago vitb Rar. Dr. JudKifi. 
onion va4 a ha|>p7 one; b«it aft^r tho birth of bw 
fDUlh child h«r heitlth &Uod. and a Toja^ to Aamea 
wa« r«ooromend«d aa tha nnljr hoii« of rastormtloD. ^^>w 
Jiubon, wltb bis vriTe aod cbOdren, took piwgg b^ 
tbciir own i:acintrf ; liut, on ivackii^ tba Uo of " 
Mia. Juddoo'a bcallh waa ao greatlf Improred, thftl 
Jodun, whoM dutioa in Humudi waia oi^ant, ^v^*^^^ 
mtned to n^Uini, wLHo Lis wifo and ehUdxea ihnw^ 
visit Amcrka. Th« anaogamcnU wert aocordii^^ 
made ; and, in ezii^ctaticn of tba {ATting," Mti. ^j 
AOn wrota a awact po<!m tominencing, — 



WQi« ai onaig^ 



•• 1V« part do Uim ^nm bdrt, tef^ ^ 
Thou lor th* oMtoia mala; 
I for Ih* aiulag mt. lava, 
OfclwheBtonw«la«ala?" 

and doflbig with thiaatomai— 



Kor fahrt Um ^Ifcawt ^ 
-no Qoodh ibai] fiJt. aad Bttnah'i 
AaU mn Ui«ibh*i mj.*' 




voiiB::f inseioKAftiEfl. 



4tio 




One venc b iht poem baa be«ik oA«ti quoted* for iu 
»w««tii«M Kiul truth t** 



■• Yvl ttif tflrit olbgt to lhin«, hf*y 
Thr u«1 runitla* wUfa «■: 
And oU wbU boUl eonutvaioo is«rt 



B»l tliejr tlltl mit imrLthiui; for on putting mit Uiiun 
Mr^ Judftoii grflvr vorw^, ju.r! diod in sight of thft rock^ 
bluid of Stn Helena ; tujd ihcvt 1i«r form u rc»tuig. 
Tbe uland baa bcconte noted as the piftco vhera N«po- 
1<«a died, bot it is dearer to Chru4i^'i hearts tbo vrorld 
OTcr Bfl the pUoe where Sunib B. Juiao&'s bodj teats* 
llie wftirtor is eclipsed by the womnn mudonftry. 

EviLT C. JuDdOH, the third viTe of Adoniram Jud- 
Botii has been metttJonod among litonrjr women. Sbe 
wu a &utbfu] bliorer in the Muster's oause, and vroo a 
pure reiiocTD, bolh &a a writer nod a ntifioooafj. 

HxJtBiET NEwxr.Lr *'die fint American heioSne of 
the mbelonarj enteiprbe, was bom at HavethiU, ftlan., 
Oct. lOt 17^ IVer matdtin luunO wax Atwood. Ta 
180B. wbUe at Bt^faool at Qriulford, she becaine deepl/ 
impresMd with tbo importance of rcligLon ; and at the 
afo of ajxt^en nhe jitiiied the church* On l\iv 9ib of 
F«bruai7« 1812, nbc married ttie Re/. Samuel Newell, 
niiRonniy to the Rnmian cm|>trc; ariid in tbo hamo 
DOQtb Ur. and Mrs, Newell embarked with their 
Mr, and Mrs- Jod«on for fndia- On the aiTi- 
ef the tniwofiaricfl at Calcutta, tbejr were ordered 
Icaro by Uie East India Company; and acoordinglj 
Mr. and lilia. Newell ombarhod for the lale of Frauoa. 
Ihno ireeha before reaching the island «he t>ocaino the 
nothcr of a cldld which died in fiv9 dajB. On the 

t[>Tamb«T, at the age of twenty, she arptredt 




4«6 



woHsiv or Tin oiktu&t. 



b«t 



far fjQTQ hooM and fricods. . . . Utr mottt 
■m^h wu to do ^ood for the cauo of Ctnrt, «od be 
ssrrico in U«cMog bU eoi|>cl to tlio botUien- . 
' llcr irork wu vhcri^ bcr toil aoon eiwlocl ; but >ba 
oboorui^ by her dying words and bn htgb oitaplt 
iMiAboDAnies of all oomlni; time. Sbe was tb« Amt, 
oot th« only m^ityr^ Ueaiben kiub An doUod 
vith tlM gnv«> of &Uen Cbriitiuu; mMoour 
en sleep on ilaott every shore ; uid thtf boM* of 
tamo are irhitonirg ia tho futhomlen dcftba of tiw 
ocean. Never vtU Uie iniluoDco of thu dovotod ««> 
iDttn be tvlimiit^il proporly, until the light of an tCvnl 
day shall tiliiur on alt the aotianh of tiiet>. Wn are lo 
mcoMiTv her glory, not by wbat rhe saffen^ fur uUmvi 
hare euffiu«d more ihoii aho did. But wa mtuL raiM^ 
bor that she woDt out vhea the misatoiuuy euterpcte 
was in its infancy. wIiqq oven tbo boet of moo loohsd 
iipOQ It with euBpiClon. Tbe tide of uppoeifioa ite 
dAFcd to st«ia I and irith ik> exaDplOt no pmileni— ji 
from Americia sboios, she vroDt out to reod Chi Ttfl of 
dArkDcaa which gstherod ovor all tha aatioiiB of tko 
Baat« Things have ohA&god s£tioe thou. Our i^mkit^ 
aries po forth with ^a i^pronl of aU the good ; a«d 
the odium whieb oaoe attended such a life la sw«|rt 
away. It is to some ezt«ot a popalar thlog to bo a m^ 
siooory, although the work k i£i)l oos of bariahip aod 
HoiTering. h is this fact which gathrrn such ft splender 
around the namn of Harriet NewotI, wid tnmiu bsr 
ftborU evmilfiil Ufa with mch a clnim. 8b« wnot 
when no foot h^d trodden ont tito path, and was lis 
Bni Amcrioaii miutionary otct called tci an eternal r^ 
want; " > 

Ilarritt Now«ll loft a joonial aod a few lettcri. th* 



WOHBH MISUOHABIES. 



487 



reootd of her rot%Uytu feelings, ud Uie ercote of kor 
■bort mtiaiooarjr Ufo. Thoso feagmeDte Lave b«OQ 
pabltsheJ, makinf* a little look. ** Sacb is her oon- 
tribTitioD lo litcmCurQ. Y«C tbU «eb&H vork Hm b»a, 
ftod U iu>w, of Esord imporiADce to the Int^IIectoa! 
progKM of the vrorld UJin bII tho works of Mm». do 
Stai£]. Tbo wTiUn^ of llnniet Xewell, imiu!at«d tnlo 
B«v«nd tongiio^ mid puUinhnl in mmny pdititjiuf, h»T0 
mulled Ui« betft of HOci«Lv, aui] asAbUd to bidtd lap 
the throne of womaa's poiror, even Uie roonit influ^nco 
of h^T M*x over swn. Thdr iDleltect oan never iracli 
lu bi|jbe^ elftratioii but tbroogb the medium of nkoral 
coltiratioa,'* ' 

GlJZAivrn BASxft Dwrairr vm bom in Andover, 

UaasM Id 1808 i in ld2<l noaaicd Rey. IL 0. 0. Dwigbt, 

and sailed vitb him to frlalhK when ahf) roodDd cwo 

jeus, her httftband beuig a miMoiiiuy to Ibat pEaco* 

Sho vsa actively and rery oacfuUy ci^agod irhilo there, 

and vb<D borbuabaiMl removed to ConsUntiaoplc. . . . 

The misatonary ftmily raiddcd at Sao Stc£uio, Dear the 

BMpboriu. SceaeA of beauty and of *toried iatorat 

wer« around Kra. Dwi^ht : stitl i^he hud few orportonl- 

liee of TisitJng tbo rcmirkiible plikC4f« in tbu ngton of 

the trorld. Ooce ahe made an exeurafoa with Lady 

Fraukiin and an Ajnerican frirnd tn iho H):<ck 5s«a, and 

(aand her hraltb rcnorated ; hIiII kHo nra* iIror]|>iiig atid 

ddBcatet 1£be a traiuplnikled J^oA'er ivhich pines for its 

emi monnliun bomir, and thv frc^h ItrcrKCii and pnra 

Lini) cif ilH finit blonoum^. lu the H[jiLUg of 

IT the plague appeared at Constantinople ; aiKl Airs. 

i^ht felt the waa ooe of \U% doomed vtctliuii. The 

fotiment prored true. She died on July 8, 1837 ; 

defot*d bnebond being the oalj penion who m- 

1 Mn. tUl*'* VoBuA'a RmohI 




TOUKK Ut9^0KAftEE9. 



U9 



structiDj; tho motL«ra oe v^l u the ohildmi) voriiifig 

m\h all hot heart and kouL, mind and might ; and Ibt 

lime oC her »enrice aooo expired. Siie died Sept 30» 

lS3fl, agtd thiitv^our, a tiUle [>Tftr thrrw jean from 

the llmo she ItifL her own dear land. She diei3 at 

^^UKijiih. nrar SnijTTin ; and in thti hurial -ground of thcr 

^BatU^ hvT pruduuH duMt r«|M)HeH Wutia'Lli » moaumtrol 

^fchiob don honor to America hy shoving tbe hcroio 

^^nd holy character of b«r mlstraonaij daughteni.'* ' 

FftAKCSS M. lIn.L ia, afl ^In. Uale Mya, ''dceerrcdlj 

boaorcd for her long nnd b«ne6ci&] exertions in the 

Dsoae of female educaltoa io Greece,^ She iras bom 

in Noir Vork Cih*, aod married Rot, John U. Hill. 

Id 1831 JUL aUftibpt iraa made by the ProLceitant Epis- 

oopal Church in America lo msIaX the moet anoicDc 

Eastern Church uf Ciimt^ that of tho Oreek. In pur- 

lusitoe of thi« plao, the Rev, John U. Hill and hii 

vifa were lont to Athoiu^ to found and (updiatcnd 

^^och Aeminariea of learning and Chrifldan morab as 

^Hhey tnight fmil practipibtpv and uiieful. Athvnv, on 

thetr aniral, pr«senled to tbem when eaterlDj; within 

^lti crnmliling wathw a Hcene of deaolalJaa aucb 119 iQi^vit* 

^bdj fLrUoiTH in the bloody tiniu of war. The dly waa 

^^M maoi of raina, orcr aad among vhich those mia- 

^Qooaty Cea«hera had ihtn to peek tbeir almo^l pAtlilcsa 

w»y. in the coune of a few weeks* they bogaa to 

gather around Uiem the de»trtutCi biUX-cIadt iguorant 

liAughters of Orcceo i aIthoaj*h loany of Ihooo vrere 

, a moj^ Uto wdJ'bom, who hud b«on reduced to poverty 

^^^ the war which lu^d for a time levelled all ehiaaco- 

^■Cpon Mr and Mra. Hill was derolvod the momentona 

Btask of mouLdiog the uew social featorctf of the Grook 

paople, just Mcnped bom Turkish bond^, and soon 




ii^tt^ 



ca 



i» 



WOUUI OP TTtm CBirrUBT. 



to Ukko Umif pontiini siDong; Um drUutd oftUaw 
Europo," Thb grtaX mlKikniarj work, whiob bu ot 
l»c«n onnttnitcd nuuij long jfws " ^ «oknow)«d7«3 
btt the nevia of ifioklciiUUd and nnqiuliiSvl good 
the litfid of Pftriclva ftod AKpa^a.*' 

SAftAit Davia Coubtdck of nroftldliiB, 3tn»^ vftO^d 
in June. 1S.t4« 1o Bitnnfth, with hmr hnsbofid, «a 
mSmaoDJvry. *^ In liU Inbani hotweon Arrxaui uul B 




owDdtim 



Diah Ibtr. Comatock found his vrlfe of great 
Wbrnorrr wotnsn c«ido nmr Uio botiar, jd>o 
Inatuitljr loftve hat diXUpAlioiu if posstblc, U) UlJ th* 
of tho SsTJonr. Slifl collected a AchooL iTmtulAted 
Scripture cftlAchiTiai. nxtd admiaifltCTed both 
•nd BdTtc« to tlio aiok« besidon tmcblnff h«r owd 
drca« vid attending to Uouiwliold flutk^. Id ibfl ovett* 
ing, wbeDerer alio could lio ont, b1i« nuRfat ^ti^n l« 
found with fk^vcml natiTo women oollectod uonod b«T« 
to wbom eh& wu importing rcU^oiu koowlfdj*flu 
Mn. Comstock^ii fniLh wafl strong tliat Mv long Am* 
Oftn vould, ax a couoti^, aoknowM^ God a* Iti t«1it) 
ftttd In this exp9c1fttk)ii tho Ubored uoiU dc&Ui ca»t 
lolead li«r awmy tf> her infinite reward. She dM of 
A dlMtM p«cuIUr to the clUnaie, on tlio S9th AfnL 
1S4>% twiving four cbililren, two of whom had pi 
Eiaen nent. to Auir.nL^n fur iiutCfurltrmt the 
flocm followed lier to llie grave. Nothing rould 
die >oirow expreitiwd l.'j tlio natirra for h*^ low. 
ilian two tLoumuid catne on (lin daj a(t«T ber dc«tb 
Aliaie Lheir ^cf wltli jier afllicl«d htiiba&d« who 
vivcd her- loea hut a few months 

ANKin P. Jauies. tjom in Silen, Maea^ Dec 
1825, wafl the dau^ht^r of Joekoa SafTord of t1 
waa manitd to Dr. Sozton Janea of I*hiladel] 
Ukcf aoilcd for China aa aklMlonaiioi. Whin 



1^ 



WOUCM MltffltO^AUtlSe. 



401 



-Ki>Dg, on A|fTil 1&, I8i9, ibe ve?4«il In whkh 
veni m« upeoti ftad the Mcrificp ujwn iho altiir 
taiuioDA wu AoocpUd, Both wcra dinwacd beforo 
aolili) vork hatl oonnDcncod. 

**7te flower, thOQ^ AfffVtfcl tn UtHlfllit, 

Elkatiob Macoubbe, iKim in 1801, at Lulto Plt«^ 
ADt, lUmilioFi Couiily> N.Y., wm sent out by iho 
BAptbtN In 18S0, ti> lalior among the Ojilia-u* In 
Lc}>igmD, In I9^li ftho wpnt to Mnnlmaln^ ItitmiaK, 
« mliffiMiiifcrjr- *' Hiuv alits liveil Hml biliori-d lOinivL 
doing tlio groat woik wbick ^vns a^giu!d her. 
Uio Dud&t of dUcotit'igir-iDC-Jiu vhe CuiuUd iitit, but 
romed labors And endnrtd afflictions almost incr^d- 
\bi^ WhcD sho arrived nt (ho »ccno of her futuro 
labors, Bhe found vioc and ain rdj^aiug triumphant 
On every hand inlcmpcmnco and aciuuality wero ob- 
MrrablG, She i&iit)«diat«Iy commenced tn Uic&r midftt 
the wofsbtp of God. On the sabbath the peopio vetiv^ 
dmwn together to hi.-^r tbo storj of the eroiu; and 
during the vreek hor bon^ wu thrown open for mom- 
and ftrening pra/en. By hur pcraovennca »bo 

coHeoted a small school ; and in less Uifln a rear a 

• 

lb of luitiveH, immbcnng moro than twenty p^rxodH, 
formed. aTjd placet! imder the oare of tlio Hev. tilt. 
ifacTDs, Inlcmpvmnce, HiuuaHty. and otJi^r liut-a 
jTadualty iUfta|ij)«ared, and Uio ObH^tion vlrtuea took 
t[r place. Tho idea of a Kcak, fKeodlcss, and lono 
trti^Ung beridlf amon^' a dranken and aenmiol 
tpl<3, and tliere with no bi»l«nd« father, or brotherv 
lUf^Uing public ironthfp, opeoiDg her hoUM for 
tyer and praisOi aad gatberiog eohoob In tho midiit 
wUd and nnleUGrod nativwy ia one fuQ of moml 




TOMKfl UI3S 10 N ARIES. 



4i^ 






Rav. Dr. HawM of that ci^. She became ft 
when very jrouDg ; and In 1643 ihe married 
Rev. Henrj J. Van Lennep, & oUssioQaty to Turkey, 
whitKerKba at^ocituptunot] btni, aikI lahonMl Inibomis* 
don aobool, Imi died Sept. 27, 1844 ; &nd her bod^^ waa 

jhced ID Ula Pn>Uwtniit gnwTttyAnl ntuir Oon»UnlinopIe, 

She liatb done vrUnt nlitr could/' 

In Mn. XIale'e "* WguiaoB Record '* U a hng list, 
compriidfl^ aome htindrcda of namfi*, of women who 
liave be«o or are mi^uiuarios in foreif^ landa, aent bj 

e Amcricmn Board of tbo Coii£regatiDir.al Church* hf 
BaptiatSt EpbcopolLaus, and Preebyteriaos, and 
eim. Nobler women than tboM connected with thoeo 
foreign tntaBJonB were nover known. Thdr " pnuae in 
in all the churobei^" and tbetr heroic Mcrificoa and 
sncoetaful labon prove theon to have bad oa divine a 
call to their Cbmtiao woA u ever tbetr bosbanda had 
to tbe naiolitering of tbe word. Fumcua Futica toiling 
«o faithfnll/ among the Nesioriana, Hra. Ucstus ao long 
■jmI veil ttt Mount Liilianan moMion, wro but typoM of 
hondreda of other woroen woitb^ of revereitoe and 
bme. Of ntfuijr women iDiasiontmca, bjogmphiciil 
tketcheobave been printed la vaikMia periodlGalfl, and 
'm Tolomoe nandona enough for a ^mwXl librai/, and 
raluablc beyond oomputatJon to the CLrLsttau cau^c. 
Tbo >'^ue of ihi» cb»p^r would be ^atly enhanced 
kj-a complete li^ of tbeee ^ood hooka i bat the writer 

U0t content horeelf with eamcatly advising other 
en to rtftd all tbe records cf women miMdonjuictt 
wiibiQ tbeir reach. Creeds maj difTer^ but tbe epirit 
of Mlf-fjicrifica and vamtut toil for hnmaoity b every* 
where commendable. Such meioclra m tb(»e of Mn. 

AAAII El[n.T VOEX, MtV. HkI^ICN M. MA»0!fi LCOV 







id4 



VOUCH OP TUB onrriniT. 



T. Lofto, tud otbem, will ttni Hu^t rcsdoTL 
nwrooar of Bov. I)»viil T. StoiIiUnl b th« rvttonl 
DoMe wife, Habkutt R. SrotiPABD, who m ft 
ot Mof, CmxiHne A. Mjwoa, pntTwitiljr neoli«wd. 
Uts. Stoddard di«l at Trebboitd, lo Ati£U«U 1M& 
Sbti noA tko dAOgbt^ir of Dr. Calv^ Driggsof Mirbl^ 
h»d« Maim., aod ft t^ftchcr ftt OM line in B 
AcBdvmy. ao baUoved hy tto uemotj of IIatticI Ne 
tad Ann I). JudjiOD, wbo were itudenU Uicre. Mmtj 
other nobk women ore mentioned in tbo uemotn 
thotr Duitiotuir; baabaiid« in puob vIm m to lAtfir 
tfcoj aro worthy iromoD of the ceQtiii7t who mn wivinf 
the stod of tho Idngdocn in tb# spirit of Ibitr Mntvr, 

AiDOOg the miMicmary eflforU of womos obonld bo 
BMoUcnod thftt of tbo Wonntn'n C«nt«i»T]r AjKMiatioa 
of iba Ciilvonalbtjt in Amttrics. Durit^ the r«a! 
nml y9AT oi tli« existonco nf thftr d«notnmatJiiD. 
body of woncra ruUcd CS*&,1>T4.73 ; and lincn LhaL 
tbifl sum boa been loerroAed 00 OuX more lliau 
buDdxed tboudadd doUon boa been raised, ooom of a 
boa been expODded in etlabliahiDg a mlsaion in Sea 
The prcHHlcnt, Mm. O. A. Soulc. baa bcrsclf peHofoerf 
Buasioikary ecrrico in the land of Kuox, aa wf II aa ttocfc 
eiaiilar vrtiA for Chmt in oar own land, Roir. Pheba 
A, HaDaford ifl one of tbo Stato Miouoaary 
in Now JerR«j, ai>d boa dono a litUo boina 
woric. The nine b trtta of otbei woman miaiateia 
an ini»ionari««ar tf^'j, thob oomosiauoii &fm on 
leaving them at liboity (o aow the good oatd b«ida 
waterv. Mm. Jnlia Ward Ifowa'a mbilon to 
in bobalf of th^ canoo of peace, maf propcrtj ba 
Ibned nndcr this bead; for ibo anlmoa of all tnm i&fe 
alonafj work^ hooio or fbrvgn, ia in faamanx wUb Ui 




WOMEX bnSfilOKABlBS. 



4W 



0knge1 anthem, ** Peace on earth." Erery effort to dis- 
courage var is an effort to spread tho reign of tbo 
Prince of Peace. 

The jnjf ul aouud proclaim, 
Tiil earth's remotest natioa 



1 



> 



CHAPTRR XV. 



WOMKlf EDl'CATOBd. 

Ci^lbcTtiM E, Dnsctkf r - ir jin Lron — nioitMCi r. PaolMdr 
Whlila^— VTb^ tti Wuin«>i m Tr«rtm — WnaMtt • 
CvmrnitUM, ««4 M TruitoN ui4 |^^<«md of Ui 

EDUCATION n a. magical vrorti tn hoom _ 
II u«arut nio» lluui mtwt pervooa Jmtjpm ! 
ili-riTutiOH iiiiitlieA tbc i4rA of a IcwJcr; vhI Mc& 
and Mtbful loddtre to dmw forth Uio idc^ ttd 
the iat«LI«ct«al p^vth of %ht fmptU o^t cn«ftl 
limp|>tLy liitowu, unont; her wi^nicti w juacinjr '^'^ 

t^rwIdjTDt Kliot of Hnmitxl CollL<eo hat 
th« id«ft that tiiftli oduoatiOQ » httracUtttT. If 
ifl true En rognri to cnothm 4ml <1-i' 

to fathttn and «om. He faj« lliAt ii ^uial) 

lofiips uf th« nlilrr Anwricvn cUlegn |iti>v<ft 




WOUEBT KDUCATOBfl, 



491 



doubt, tb&c it ift chisfly thd people who LbciBMtTCtt 

ttjkro tntfiicd mindji vh6 dQdn» thoroogli tniining for 

ihmr children, and ajv mLlo lo procuro tl far them. 

Colturo LM miich »iirar tc 4«3SCO&d to children tlua 

woJtb, lieoaUM the ualuml fiirccH of heredilai^* trnn^ 

mijvurjd] am on itM ei'li*. And tho colli^ge catalogues 

vuuld iJiuvr tbu to t)6 true £11 itrgaitl t<j tromi-a Mu- 

dcota, iT only thcMo ccUogi!« had for long yea» heeu 

OJieik td^ UlU ilaiigh<vi> an ivcll a> to Hw rsOtijf nf t}iO0n 

^^ho havo eo liberally aupport«d and endowed Uiom. 

^B '*Tho Boeton Journal/' rcportwg Bx^Gov. Bullock's 

^Hldicai at tJio Mount Holjoke Semin^y sa)-B«— 

^P " But tho ohi<:f motive oatu« ia the dovaUon of the 
aes diuukg tbe hmt part of the oonlury baa been the 
^ui^keoing powtr of edu&ition. Tbc Reformation bo- 
gao thb af^eney, cblvab^- did 60in«iUiiki* toirords it* 
aod tb« Cburoh to « ocrtain d<^M kot hs lid ; bat It 
wafi only under a eombiuatloD of modem InOlfeDoeB 
that tbo vork rapidly npencd. The praseot Anuriean 
«yat«iTi of fcmule education in the Teaolt of a long 
DOEifllct with unen1ig1it«ned public aentliDeDt, a Ijtnmph 
|intjudii3^ uhitii barn bud no analogy in tlm tiUier 
of our Itfe* The flrat dairo of thU moral rcfvo- 
ww in briMacbuacttH ; itnd Lhc ciTtlited world 
laoedea the ^t by adopting the example. When free 
lacatioQ for both sosce* a« a municipal duty lo bo 
by 1aw« bocamc here lhc puLlio interprct^aioii 
i\c obli^tiont the linger of tmnsliguiation toucbod 
dactiny of voman ; nor can any leaction ever let it 
Gov. Bullock cited some interesting i&cxs from 
own expcTiMMe in Uie gtibernaeoHal office, ai to tbo 
ilowmenl of State al>J to tlie cause of female edaca- 



WOMSH EDTOAZOU. 



499 



no pemm of InUtlij^oitiM woaM comeot that aodet; 
iho«lil fftll bftck to tbt Ti«tr> and castonu of ronsftr 
tiBi«e. Under the pr^TaillDg ilacta and opi&ioiu, tha 
IbUoirtitg, whidi wd cut from a Nc? York «xcb&ng^t 
It every vard tnie:^ 

'^TWhi i» itpocUl need at present ior hJghly educat*^ 
wMBeD la be the pruffUi.-vio:m1 U«cheni of Uufir wx. 
AcoooaplUhcd womeD, cultivated m the echooU hy 
wido icflding and eamevt tltouglit and Vj Ir&vel, Aro 
Wftnted Dov iu the colleges eatabliabed for thdx mx. 
TlMiO iiutitaticHu »e aoedod in oddition to the 
ordinatx ccQeses; for vomun requirea not adroplj &a 
bn»d ft ourriculuin of $tudj es the other eox* but a 
tkher oae« We do not believe in (ubtrnttiuf; erer/ 
voduw to tho suae bare round of BtndioA' The 
■■theUc tide of her nAtur« mu«t bo fbllj developed 
tad truned. So. in addition to the fullettt opportiini- 
tiei, ibo must It&ve special privQegof.* " 

Amenoa't finit century hoM not tiooii vrilbout mlile 
■nd dlsUngoifthed wonen educators voithj of ihdr 
Iam«> A few of thit olilttt junnng thttia tony \m tncii- 
tlotiol. 

Ma&t Ltox. — Thie fuikout tcacltcr him been My 
portrajred for thene pftgm by JuuA Mat Dabbow, 
bctulf vortbjr of a high place uaong the educators 
of the century. 



** In thetye days of &dvai»c«d eivdiiatioD, vomon of 
extendTe literary attainments, and sound culture of 
otnd end grace, are many; hut ron^y U there a ehono- 
tir wbo fio perfectly unites unusual menial acquire- 
nnta with a sooee of duly m »lroi^, and love of 

[ht so eontrolling, es the sybjoct of ChU iketoh 



600 



WQKIUI OF xm OttfTVftT. 



MAitT Ltom wiitt hem in BuclElanil, PraakUn Omiif, 
MiiM*. Feb, 2S^ 1797. Froai fwtcuti of Bamiikfy 
|«cLy fOiiJ iGhfiritvil a 1ut« ftir rclijpoun ItwlrocUoii uj 
&ctirc CJbiuUia work. WUle quite 7ouag nlw wh 
rRiDorknblc for mattiri^ of cltfncter ; jet bor warn 
of ll>o latlictoudt uid power of humototu dnctipUott, 
ivtkI^tc^I her nlvAyn fiQ KgreoaUa on«a|HU)loo. At ikt 
detiih of tier fAcJier tli« f&nailj were 1«ft d«p*fidMt 
upon tbirir owa ojioxtion^ 

**HtT7'0opportmiJLJtifl for •vly educjiUoo wen iia- 
Itwl; but ui nnnnutl hptituiU for iMmiEig ra «■« 
Dotioed bjr hex Uiadieni. Sb« eommUMd with ^cilftjr, 
ftntf rocitnl vitb verbal Accnrarr, Not d^^odteg, h» 
ever, un giniiuKr a« mtmU lew gifted ttro pnms t« d«^ 
«li« mB8tcr«d het leofioRs bj Lud stndy, and ■Jipfii' 
btriHilf to thoja with gnftt undnitjr ^ad pm^t 
Aft«r Uie Mcond marriage of her aioUM*f, iSurj 
ber onlj bn>tlier lamuaed %t, the hmiMMtaul, ibr told^ 
cbar^ of the bouAe« Bllbougfi at tbk tune lurtllr i 
thma fifUei) ywra of ago. A jttat aflenranb 
brolb«ir married. Minry oontinued to r«^e with 
bnwor«r, ontil ISIEI, wbon he renorod to ChaaUai 

*' PraviotiA to (lutf time ebe bad occaifaxidly ti 
Noboo), aod bad klvo comiaeBoed ber oMver m 
At Shdbiante FilK In tbo fait of 1^17 «he *iil«nd 
eL-adem^ at A>liBi*1d. Here ehe toofived 
ment aud aaj^istaeoe rrom friendi wlio recupuitf^l b 
a grm of uuoiimnion brilltancyt irhicb anij 
poUah t^ nhiite widi uoiuual tuAUe< 

'* Her Blender funds w«re aoon «*xpeDdcd. Slit 
about to relaro to tbe empLo/aeat of tcacliliaf, m 
the tnuteOB of tbe aoadomy offarwl h*r Ibe fiee m$J 
all itaadTAJttitgt^ Tltia offer ebe gledlj aocrpted,aal 



WOllZ!f HDL'CATOBB, 



501 



pf«i4(nit4d hor ftutliM vrlih to much eA^TD«cs that ili« 
hvdlf ftUonred herself n^e^ol r«al. Her wrvicea u a 
tCEtchrr icem soon much sioughL TIivho inviUttoiu eh^ 
ftt LlifTercitT* Umw Ac^cBpted. Tlie rai>i:ov obtained Id 
tliii iray tnui tJcTotvd (o procuntig iimtrtiction od huIv 
jecta in which aho was «frpedallv d«fliii«iiU In 1S21 
«hft ttt^uded R«T. Joseph Emcnon's Khool in Dylicli]. 
At this time her niitii! vaa aotiY« aud jioircrfuh but 
aodifKJpliood. I'revioos to 6ii)oying the insCnKtioo of 
Ur> Emtnoa, the Intellect niher thui th« heart hnd 
engaged Mi«4 Lx^^o's fitto&ti<m: &om him she tctrnc^i 
that each ahouhl rec«tTc ila due profwrtion of oultira- 
tion. 

" la 1S22 aho iriu tnrjtecl to awUt MUa Z. P. Omat 
in the Adanu Acaficmy at Derry, KJl. As the school 
T'^r dUl not iupliub- ih« mntcr, Wih* I*yoa returned 
lat^ Id tl^e fnll to BuckLand, und there opened a small 
wrhool- Shir linci nt Uiiu timv gninnl ninth n rnpulatioci 
thai Emuijr of tbe tt^fti:her» m the commoit acltools 
Qmbrac«d tho op[>ortumt^ to pTDftt by her hist met Ion, 
About 18S0 nhti Im^h to t^oiinider Hit. pbm of foiinrliii^ 
a permartcDt female aemioary; ar.d T'ooi this time the 
and tQcans to the aocomplUl^ment of ihb object 

ra|>ic<l the cHef p!ace in ber heait. Tbli Jaatltutiou. 
u BtAtcd by Miss Lyon, voe * doaigocd cxcluAiTcly for 
r ' r young bdicsi preparing to teaob, and noon to ge 
■ uud exert an iafluence in a vanctj of ways on 
the eatue of education and rcli^ou/ It was first pro- 
posed to locate the school at AmhcxAti where suitable 
kiUdbgs had jtut been racated, and could be obtained 
at areaaooAble price; but those to whom the matter 
via totruKtofl oould see no way of raising the Knn 
BeooMaxy fur the pnrchftm* In the fhce of advena olr- 
oanutanoeat Misa Lyon still continued to plan and 



602 



wo»ut 07 Tin cKsmntT. 




» Id the Ml of IS^ the gsre n|i h«r 
with Ulaa GmDt At Ipmrich, mnd Mil lurnurlf spftit ttr 
tbo rnlfilmriit nf Lnr grPaL |luq1U^c 

'* Al this tici^ fho inu Uiirtj-flvrnn, is good bethk. 
Aod wiUi faitlt. coonge, &diJ entliuidAam UDbotm^d. 
Not a man or wejd^ti L^d t» ytii givcD her oouoli 
tod aid. Ktcu Uie reUgtouB ptieat had oa 
oocasiona icfuBod to publUfa artJcJcs Mita&g forth 
plan nod piinciplu) of the propoaed in^UtoLiofi. 
aJa was not vhoUy alone. A fov vho bad kno«ra 
long and w«)Li rdjiog o& b«f undnatatiditifr, cftuvt. 
aud bcnarolenta, lESva her their influeiMft. 5 
IS^lt a few i^^aUemen mvt al Ipiwich lo ooaai-i^. »» 
plan of founding a Mminiay upon a haria embnahl 
her favorito riews. After loncb connd<mujoii« tka 
cntiimUlP4f dwkled lo depend fur fund* tipoti Uw ftvt* 
will ofTi/riiLgs of an enligbt«Ded Cliii&Uvi [lalilic 1^ 
(jiicvtinD iif 1iK3tti(ni vt%3i wsttled tliHt wintar- 
tofroa liad oBferad geiLcrooA lubaoriptfanu If tha 
should be located wiiLin tlieir Ibtlta. Uta final 
ci^n vaa in favor of Soath Iladlof. Tba aot 
incorporation posted tbo Lo^alatura Fc^. 10, IMQi. 

■' Th« comer-elon« vraa laid Od. S of tb« «*»• 
Tho C09C of tlio 6rat odiQco vra^ ortiniatffl at 
IbouaanddolUra; and it vaa to fumiitb homa 
modatlooa Cor about eighty Mudenia with their 
MUa Lron undertook the loijii^ia of ohtaiamf 
fundi for fumUhiag tho luildiog. Nov. 8, ISST, 
a<lvo*ti«od a« tlw day fcir 1I14 opeoiag of tba 
and, voon afier that date, inot« titan the 
numhor cam« togatlxrr. 

*' T\to doniaitlo amngemttnta wbtq pocnllar U H 
rMpectfl. AIL the pupola w«r« obli^ to boud la 
Mominary, «vbu though Ihdr honrn aaEght hm la 



irOMCH EDCOATORd. 



50S 



finuiediAte viomit^* Agiiio. tbo work of tlw hmily 
WM |)«rronii«d tijr tba jrontig ladies* Tbis loenood 
ihetr expeiuMt nod aUo gavo llie uutituti^ & greater 
dcgroe of tadcp^Ddenoo. Tlia f.»t ^««r ^aa QOt vith* 
oat ita Uiold ; but tie ftucoeet^ of Uio lusw idoA vru fully 
Wtehlisbed mod domonrtntcd wlioa. Uio next Augusti 
Ui0 ftUuTfinu^ ei«rdM« oc^umd, tnd the fint gndu- 
mUts Ttcdired thoir dipdotou. The school gunni in 
aomlMn uid Adnuit^efl ; uid. wlUle a bi^h ftUmduid 
uf seholanbip wu cqwcUUy Bought, ret k true religioiiB 
ouhum 1VM mcknowlcdgod to lia tbo only firm foutbda- 
don for woiD&nlr ch»mcteT, 

■'For twiTtvp rmim Mary l^yon ltvt<l to «tijoj^ tfie 
fruita of Uer ejjt0r]>Ki«, and Aee, each ^«ar, Ker pu|iib 
Iatd tbr MTiiiiiMTj' prepwd far ncti^'e> jntliu-tiiiol Uvea. 
March fi, 1S49* ^bc died of congestion of thti Ir&iii : and 
ber rcmaLiis nut mthio the abadov of the buildiog that 
ftUnd^ a monument to ber life of ceafletoM activity aiid 
couaocratjon to iho advBiicejiicat of Chriflt*» kingdom. 
The worda graven on thu atoad uhicb marka her n^t- 
ing-pUoe reT6al tho ambition that led her b; a way ao 
porplcuDg to a succcds so oomplcto : ' There U fiothing 
in the tuuTcrriO that I fear, but that I abaJl not know 
tU my du^', or shall &il to do it*' The fundameotal 
HtMB of the founder have «iQc« her death been ohedahed 
pri&dplei of the sohooL Ite sidvaDtages have kept 
|«ce with the progrvw of the time*^ Many, obeying 
idirtna Impid!!^ Iiave dfiVot«i] their Ih en to ^prea^ling 
Ike gospel in pagao hmdn, llrnttcli iiuliUjlMui* luva 
Kpmifg fnim the pareiil Ytna at KaUiuaioo, Mich-. 
'1 and Pajnesvillc, 0., South Africa, Persia, and 

J- 
New coQegea and imstltutioiLa yearly add tovoman'a 

unitiai for advanced education ; aiKU io lundiy 




601 



WOUU or THB CBVTUST. 



fceliiiff with them ill. Mount R61jrok« Smimaj 
maintain iu piut repmaUon, luifl. with oottftanUf 
creuing fAci^tiM for tcientUlo aad daAiod itiid;, nim 
ftt eotli^wliig tach graduale nrith tlia broad caltare uid 
e1pv«t«d jHiiictplcs iMMfitinl to jwrfci't WDios&Iiood.^ 

CjiTnKRtifK E. BtCKcnKB, daugklcr at Il^v. Ljrj 
Becchcr, D.D.. w bom S«]>t 0, 1800. *t Em! 
toDt I*T.| vfhett h1i6 luidicd till about ten jmai* tJ ^«l 
Mts* lUo f^ived nearly five pifr^ to n ikctcb of bs 
1^« am) none extnctd from her writingiL Sbe ui 
horaomowbatcclebntod «cbool tn lUrtfonl. 
1823; and, for tbo rako of bor o^ro r 
pftred her fint priatcd vorii on Aritlu&i i- .. . . 
work iroa on tlio moni difBcolt pointa of Tbonli 
ber tbird, an oclaro, oa lleutal and Moral 
pby. TbuL has bo«a pnntjid, and iotroduMd bto 
of ooT ooUegtt for joung taen, u a text-l^ook, but 
Dot 1>prn piiMi^h^d. tn 19S*3 »]ie aocompaniii] 
fivlber to Ohio, aikI In Cindnnati fnr twn jrrvn «fip» 
inliMidLHl II iichaol for ytnutg woman. "Sloe* 
&(btt Beecber bn« been tnigagd En maturing and 
mg into vff«ct a gteat |klaii fnr tbu eduatkra fif lU 
childrca id oar country. For ibU cud ah^ haa 
and joumeyfid, |ileaded and Ulwnd " A ttStit^u 
Ura* Dale's book mU show bor pbin, Miai 
ifl known as a vrnt«r of booica dcdgnod to beoell 
•oz. " Dorooatio EcoBomyt (^ tbe t»a of Ti 
l^dicti ut Homo atul Abroad,'* U ooe of tb«M. 

KuuA WtLLARD ia a&wng tba educatcrfi wbo 
bfl nutntioDcd boro. Her mtmoir baa boon wr^ttA 
Dt< l^rd. Sb« vat bom in BetUa, Coon., FeJ' 
1787, Her maiden name waa B^rt- Mta. IIil« 
^ Tb* bve of t«acblrg appeaia to haT* boen a 



WOIUUC lEDCOATOBfl. 



&0& 



ptsaion \n hut mmj. At iho ngo of Bixta«o, sbv took 
"*"-^^ of n dUtrlct school In her ti£tiv6 wjwb. Tlia 
ng yvAX %htf op«nr<l n select ^hool, and in tlM 
LiD«r of lite next ^ ear iras pUotHl ut Uio he«d of Uio 
rlin AraiJr-my. Thirlng Unit j>oi^o(I, Iwiiig eiigagMl 
»t bume through I ml ilio numiui^r and wlnlor in ihc 
Qkp^cliy of iuflrucUt^. sho nttLoagod in the spring and 
iiuDii tJi Attend ODC or otlier of tho i\ro hoiwdhtg" 
iooIa nt IlnitfoiU/' la 1^07 she took cliargo of tLe 
mtrndcmy in AVc^fkldt ^tIL»t., but upon ptiM^ing invita- 
tkm w«ot to >UddI«liurj, Vu, whcio sho taught a girrs 
acadenj^ for two jaajn. In IKlKl .<hc raamccl. Id ItJl-l 
ihe0p«nsdaboiut1iuf!-Achoolat Middlebmr, iutroduokig 
atiuliuSt aod inventing no^ methods of tonobing. 
was invited bj Gov. CUntoo to raowvd htt ftobool 
Nev York ; nitd tho govvmor rccooinwnclc^l hor 
'Uo " for scbooTs co the kgislatoro In bb m«saage. 
ieT««nU viw the piMaig« of an ii«t to incorprrnla 
|ini|iUHeil SuttUiuUi at Wai«rriird, and ajioiher lo 
- female aciLtlctaics a siraro of tLe litL-nir^ fund; 
.. ;, it \» heVui\tt^ fJid fimt tnw ever jiA-iM^d hj auj 
](^i£l:ituro Titb tLe direct object of ioiproviug female 
iiMitioti." This fact which Mnr. Ilnle meotiooa ia 
iDt^itAt, dc^ite her oljcetioaablo u8o of the word 
Tbo flntt joung Udy vho to* cxwoiucd in 
kctjy [Kiblicly in Mrs, WiUoid'a Watcjford acad- 
\ axwl pethaps the dtst in :bo country, wm Misa 
r. aflerwwd Mrs, Ctitia. In 1821' Mrs. WillaJ^ 
rvBiored her school to Troj, and was abnndnDtly buc- 
obkTuI. This si!minaT^' is uovf alvuj* nstoeiated with 
her name aud fame. 

In 1SP>0 Mia. WillAfd viititod Europe* and on her 
ratnrn publk1>ed a volume of travels, the av^U of 
.whfeb. iLOKninling to tweU^e hundred dolbua, waxa 



(08 



WOUCf OV TUX QXVTOEr. 



devoiod to tlk« catu« of ednoitbg giiU m Oi 
Sh« gftvo the andb of aewnl oUmt pubUcfttkni 
the same objuct '- In l&$3 Mn. Wilknl rvs^putJ 
cluugA nf the Tmy Semiiury, and tvtnrDnl la 
fon), vrtiirro sW levked licr r«telK«teil MwitiaJ 
Amtfriuaii f!iHU»y fur iho lua of sgIiodIji. Tbo 
of this work. Iter aaislkr UnlleJ 5ut» tlututj, 
CniTcrul IluftoTj, haTo bcm attested bj- tLcir 
gtDoral UM iu ^(emiiurin fif edacBtEoiL Stnts 
tthe oomplctcd tlio reTuaoo of bor butcnaJ toH 
leTBod iic: Auokat Qe<»s:npbjr. tncL In 
vilb invitALood, wroto QuaMtroiu oditiVMCi (or 
occfttfion*, bei&^ mo44ly on cdueatioiifU »ibJocU> 
of tb«80 voro irriLtco bj* reqa«at of tha WmIrh 
firuj Iiittiiui« iLftd CoUegft of T«aebtt», Uid «fn 
ai annual iDeetiii(-v of tlie socl«t7 at Cbdnud, a 
1842. mud Uu otbor ib m3. la 1^5, l>j .p^U 
tatJoD, ihe aiUnded the voDTeAtion nf oniuit/ 
iovti HLipcnntvDd«ats, bold mt SjTncai^. Sb* 
Inrlk-d to lalce juirL In tbo f^nMlc dvbatij: ill 
thai honor, the gQDtleineo of tlM conrvutitin, (« 
tiuiubcr of al>oQL sixty, caUed on bar at b«r 
vbcTo sbo rend to them a |iie]«red addt««^ 
pmidpal topic of it iraa, ' that wonno, dov 
deaUy edacated. aliould be avidoj'ed aod f>jrabM 
tho mcD OS commiltec«, charged vrith the nunaM 
and aupeivbUiu of the coistnoti eoboolt;* 
&om the priMQiMa that to duu it beloofs tit 
for tlio obildrviif while upon wooiAa it b tac&iaL«K 
Udce the provUloo, and apply it eoooomloally m^ > 
ciovsJy, Thc«o icutixacnta Tr«rt roo(iT«d with 
appirjbatloii. 

- In tU fall of the nme year, 1S45, Ibi. 
luda, wiib grout Athifiictloa, ait eJtir»tiniwl 



WOMBN £I>OOArORB. 



£07 



Chioujffa socoo of tko ttoutbem ofwintlea c( Now York; 
bftviog ^^D BpeoUIIj iDrit^d to ntttnd tbo imtttuUona 
for tbd improvtimcrt of tcocfa^M of iht comntoa xihoola. 
At Montiovllo, BLoghAmtOQ, Oivcgo, Ciuro, tnd Rom^, 
the midiKl in in);tnicUng nc 1u«r Uuui five hunilrcd 
teodwrs of these ^chooU ; Rod in mskuy CAses her pnrt- 
UigB with tho young fiTniolij tr&E^hei^ ivetv m)L wilJioiit 
teani 

"The inbabiUnte of Uh? jiIiicm vfhcte sho wcdI to 
butniot t<«cbera, deitlntit; to hard ft ali^re m her viMtn* 
il tboir request ehi: AtkiKicd public mcGtingfl oC lotb 
lexcH. where aLo lattodaood resoluUous vrbich ivero 
naaaiatoualj puscd in tho several countice, uui Aided 
b tbo di^les. llio object wvo^ to forward ber 
flcbemQ of gtvin^ to tho best-educatod asd mo0t aUo 
women of tbo coantrj, the chargo and suporrUion of 
Ulb vUlago Bobools for tittle children, ospeciaUy of 
tbOM thisge appftTtaioing to th« conv^nieiicefl of sooh 
whoobi. Thzt thL' teachen of theso ichoolt ihotdd bo 
1BCWU7 foiDftl^fl, is now anivertailj agreed : but* arguod 
Hhe, whllo the jrDUfig vFOtatn can ho the t«achcn, it 
needs tbo Eaatroiis to aid in the BD[>en'L&ion. . . . Dtir- 
log tha ipriiig uul nummiTr nf 1 840, Mm. Willunl nuulo 
the lour uf tha Southern and Weatoni St&t«n, vbltin|f 
cfcnr otiD of ib«jn ciccpt Texaa* In every city At 
mtrc litir farmer pu]^* trho gave ber a iUial welcorue. 
Sbo tnu r^civod by the principaU of tichoold, and thoso 
tni[iJDjcd in L^Jucation, lut ^n * edtKatioualiAt 1 ' and 04 
lodi waa inrit^ to mit acd to address a^bools* where* 
^b many instance*, nho roocived public tc,-itiinonial» of 
^^Bnaid firatto n . 

^V^lti addition to tho conipcnd« of history vbacb ^0 
^Bu writton, she bos Invented, for the porpoao of l«aob- 
^Kg and imprticbg chronology on tbo mbd by tbo oyo» 



bW 



vouxH or rum aomntf . 






Itto cbvtAof an entirely ordinal ebanetvr 

- The Aoicnciui ChroiiO|^]>luc for Amtfioi 

•lul tbo other for untrmil Uifttory, cftll^d tht * Itepl* 

<>f Time.* fu 1^9 6bo puUkliftd * Laat t«ires Aoji 

Amerkan Ilutorj ; ' ooDtunlng an intar«ttiiig 

of our Mexican war, and of CalLfomb. Mrs. 

wrole on« cmUl volnmo (.if }>oi.-iry, bnl la hmi ItouW? 

by htT adminibltt hjmo ' Rucki^d in thd Cnhdie uf llie 

Deep,' Mrs. Willard died April I5. 1876, uiui 

rert[}frtc<l And wiMrly l»rloTeJ." 

Hor aiMer, Auiiha If. Ldcool^ Pasus. wti 
popil once, ncd nftciwiinl 1>ec4iao oelcbnlol a* 
educator and author. "At the aga of thirty. Ma 
Lincoln was loft a widovr. vith two childrAiu and 
two perpl^xod oatAteai Uioaa of hor bu^baud and 
faUicr, to BOtliei which ^xe tuccceafuity aocoi 
At tiwt timo abc t)^an Uka aUidj* of tlie Latia 
Grvdk lafignag«8 and the natumL ooiaoooa, and 
aj>pUed heniojf to icnprovlttg hor talrot for dr^tnaf 
painting, in order to prupara bemelf few aMktiaf 
aiMtcr Mr«. WUIard m U^o Trojr Semi nary. wbat« 
pnssed mxen jears an^agud in alternate aCQdr 
iiislTuoLioii. A fine Kki^it^h of Ure. l^t^Jpt and 
labora ia given in Mtn. lUlc n IhiuIc. Sb«, aa mD 
Mnt. Wtlbixd. is mentioned fa Iho cbupter on * Wa 
Scion tidta.* Among bci publiiliod wurim are 
of Icctnrea on education, a ' Geologj for Bc£iniun«' 
a trAnalation of Mme. Necker do Saaaanre'a * V' 
Education/'* 

Catberlvb Fisek wm a toadior born in Wt 
Uass., Jnij 30, 1784. She ooauneoood her life 
aloa wben bnl fifteen, mod oontinuod it till htt 
May SO, 18S7, a period of tlurty-cight yaata. 
number of jttn abt van tnittrtictor in the 



^ 



diairict Bchcola; but in 1814 nbe opeued her Femalo 
SemtDVT at KircDCi N.II-tivhcro i}h« provided doriitg 
the rdSDoindor of Ii«r UTe, eieatiaf; & wido ftiid s&lutAtj 
tnflacncc. 

BXRBHtca UAt ind Batususia. WtirruAN labored 
oTcr liAlf a c^nCurji u tcii€liot«, ut Mnaeochaaettft. 
Uoj iM)t the wht«r hero plaae Lho nitmca cf hav wu-liobt 
teMhent, AIaut Russsll (sjnce the wifa <»f PcJef* 
liltehetl of Kancuckut) acd Sabau C. Eastok, now 
deoMutdf To th? btt«r ludj-, who tra^ longest my 
tateher, 1 uw« a dotjt of gmtiuidu for thtrroiigh htiUruiy 
tion, wfikh can nerer be repaid, .Aj^ica ^CitcuklLi 
Sn^A^ (BuitiJiOK) CiiANNiNO, ntif! Mauia L. Owe?« 
VttfO &b)0 at vanou8 peiiodji my taithent ; the &^C in 
WniTitQnAkrr |>rivn(c i«hon], Iho two lutt€t in tbo 
Ugh mdio^A lit NontuckeU Iii the ((lainuijir sohool, 
for ft short lime, I wu tAiight by Av:a GAnDrridt, 

LUCT STABBUCa, ELIZABETH < ^S^ATaOS) CftASB, 

ELtZABimi Eastov, Mabtua Mitcii&ll, all oF vrboee 
oamcA I tako pleiuiire in pbciiiff hero, an thc^ vc^ 
«ducftloT8 of uQ^cHamoQ ability orA ^delity. To other 
Innifi^cion I nwe tuuoh ; hut they ainitot \m montionod 
h«re, becau£« tbia is a record of sovdo notkeAble ir^iwn 
Qf th« century, and they wvrc of the other — tmually 
mora fciTored — sex. 

UAKTttA Wiiirivo vruA born in Uinghiim, MaM^ 
F^. 27, lTd5. Sbe oomujen^^ed teaching in her native 
lown wli^n atmnt ABVentcen. Sbo bcMMimo tho founcte? 
tiS UifT ClLArlt^luwn Female Suiuinarv, n Ra^jliHC. m:houl 
vberc iQttuy noted per»DDs bare been finoly educated, 
wnong them Mary A. LrvRBUonn. AitntB R. Kmost, 
and others who Lavq eijic<s l>ocn ouccca^fiU teachers 
MiM Whiting died at Uingltfun, Aug* 22, 18S8. Uci 
nioaioB r^iit in Mount Auburn. 



WQUCN ISR'CATOIU. 



618 



A. Caspssteb, Wy pr[Dclptl of ib« well-kDovm Lwall 

Mwi CarjicDter liwi JqbL dulta U> & pUco ahioo^ tfai» 
b««t woivtfin cdncntofs of mir girU. Tl i« not JifEcalt to 
tnoe »OEa« of tbe !nfla«aion which haTo loade bar «aob« 

To e-xc4^ptioiid iMtimJ tUent u wiw molher f[aTe op- 
portunity bj pUciof; ker ««rlf m Hio. Emma WilUrd'a 
■cbool ftC Troy, New York, wbich roprotontod at tbo 
tfnw tbtt oKiii advii&oed id^As la tbe higber oJwaUod of 
wonm. 

&Irv. WilUn] impin^d bcr pupiLi to do good work in 
tdiooL tod to take up life nfUirward vitb b^b purpMa, 
fiOiimff«, and |Mktien<c. Sbo was withal aD clc^nnl and 
noooinplUbed loidy, with fioa feiuinine gift^ ol inaJ^lit 
and fomugbtf wbo t^rt aOido likeoeM to UarteU oo mAoy 
of hpr pupil*. Mmn Oarpwter baa tli«a« quatitiim iu 
iHTgo Diraaura: tb» ip(«licctoii1 intq^(y« siocuUto abil- 
iiy, and physical poiao wbiob giro power. 

Until tbo dcAtb of ]i«r fiitben in lEfTl^ Hias Carpenter 
oocdactod m primto aohool at S&rntoga Sp4» bur nativft 
pbotti. Soon ait«r ibo came witb hvr IoyoIj motb«r — 
wfaoae gMtl9 way9 ami nlvor hair a^d mitcb to tbe hociio- 
avof tbo plxco — to ber pret^ot pwltLoD In Laaoll Sem-> 
lavT. 

Tbroagh ycflra of o«rft Kod work, vocb m pr^vo for 
iMit teacher* '* cxlmUAtii^g,'' aho ha« kept perfect boaltb, 
.4aady, che^rfitl spirit, umI tbd cour^o of yontb- By 
idy at home, and Tt^atkm* woU filled abnxul, alie li&a 
abreaat wHb t1i« iinprovlng melUoib oi taaGbitJ|f 
vvitlj thr |)nign^iv of kmiwtt-dgv in hnr uwn linnt of 
Iu 4Tory emci^ejicy of a Ufgo giiia' adiool aho i$ 
merve of etntigtb; id didcipUoe Gim ; in perplexity 
ilf-pooMBftedi in ponobal oIiAfttCter aod iiitfat«D0O tama- 
Alw»ya tbft [tt«liitDM of an OTAr-«»:oiiUt'tng and 




QusMf Cor ImcwU oo iwnouftl i«cD|-nItiacit Um ^umm- 

W lifb rvrak Um Tttlwi nl li«r nitrlr, tod »fi« 
to til Ml ■n at Jg ati, iWrtitid, wkI r-ry fvtlifuL 

^n« it • malfoU mruil In hcmuui diarmiHrr. 
laBataoa of & oohle wooiftn, mo utf|MTUig ttfAchrj- r^i 
1^10 ta my %om%. So u Hm C«r|«tt«r rvm^iol 
vflv oM9raa« 

9w lo oow b Um tMtJb jw of worii mt Lw^U 
auT, vWfa ovw Biicli to 1>i<T Sdfllit; mod dmratJaa ; ittd 
tfav caaao of tbonmg^ waramnlf odwKtioa obo ovrv W 
■wh , ood !■» in W A aoUn ropracatatiTO iu>d bdpw. 

Axjce C PLmmcs bu boco manr yean o tacte; 
Ao Ibo oncntvj of Um AjMciatiM) for lb« Aihu*^ 
Best of Wottta^ ftks bM loao proninoooi, ud b« 
doDo TftlooUe woric. Ror mpouM to a wisAi f«r 
■■ia&llowi:— 

"Ahhuagli I bMO Ubored bjr m; pon, mj tofa^ 
a>7 «x«ciitlTO powvni, for Um dorvtion of wcona, 
Um pnriilAtloo of tbo nea fhxiD tbo tioi of di 
SMO bocb of tj^ritfi wad tol«ooo, joi I do od finl 
lu^ugo of tintMi, 

** Tuor tv^DWl Ame to too wtik tbo mildaiMa 
Um rbioo to Abon Boo Adbeu, umI liko Ua 1 
onlj stj bom my b««n, ' Writo do m odo wko tom' 
her fidlow-woiDou." 

•« Tbo Ntw York THbttoo " Unu nioia lo o 
teocbcTf— 

"•Tho dootb it oiuiouaotd at CIoTobuid tt 
AuRDxBoorSf who for thirty jmihao boooft 




VOlfBK BPUCATOBa. 



61(j 



Korthem Oliln, aui] whu vwi for ft Inng timn Uiff 
1^ piiucipal of lliium College. There b BomeLluag 
icuIiatIt Iwnonblo in ciich * cftreer : it c^it luirdly 
bring the enduring fu&e or ercoi Ul« niat«riAl reword 
nhicb mo«t tcilera eeck for but it b extremely lobo* 
noa» mji vrcU od rcd{>otuible. If we oon^der how many 
po|>iia bftro been under tbo guidui«o of Ibb UdjAt 
Uio crilicfil period of tli«jr livoA, bow manj eboiact^n 
»h6 has b«eu infitmm^iitAl ia fonning nnd rounding, 
into bow many Ikomoa Rbo bu Mnt good motiiem, and 
into bow many tehools ^ood t«ftc^en, bow many Uva 
thn bu mndis tuc^ObNtful bj gxiarding thc£r fiorly cul- 
tare, how much intetlecUul progress h«r training has 
mndn pmdblfi^af bow tiMny liutidrcMlii hIk* IimjiL^h— if 
irentnjTMijreo — tb? roal motfarrr, w« ftball tb«n begin ta 
ooaifirebeiid tbo iiobUilv of ber tooaUoci. So m&iiy 
teach only for a timci — men until tbeycan prepare 
ibcouelTcn for KHOcUiing olae, women unlil they cad 
wuTji — tbai iu7tAnc«oof lifelong derotlon to hcIiooU 
kdopuig, though bj no moons ranN Dire not fiO coramot 
u tboy DhouLd bo. For, after all, teaching is a hnsf* 
BOBB to grow intOt nor can it bo well done nnlom it is 
lerad bj the door* . . , 

" It is ovidenc that the subjoot oi education has revy 

hat bold of tbo Amarican mind : but we are all better 

sagQred of \u importance than of the methods by mhxcb 

■Hihotild Tie ooiiiIui^I^k). In the dinciuHionH to uX^tih 

PPAe rdighius queiliou has given rtse« vre are surprised 

, tliai so Itttlv ttbnxihl lift sjiifl of tlin teacher's |iontion, 

itaid that apparently m lUdo ts left to the teacher's dis- 

^wtion. . . . 

'*Onoe for all, let It he uudemtood that teaching Is 
^■oC like street-paring or housc-buLldJiig, or other mat- 
^^^^ oontraet I timt teacbcm are not hired Just togpTe 



WOU£IV BDCCATORS. 



51T 



to A higber PoiTor than tho board ; and b« aboujd fedl 
tbftt b< Ia at libertj to brin;: to tho vtvlc oometbiRg 
of bi» oini tJuUvidoalttj'. Maka him ft m^re drtll-«dr- 
g^Ant, ftml be ml] tlmTa be s«g1«aling bU dnUcs, tod 
alv«_r« thinking of th« timo wb9D he oaQ afford to be 

.c^^e'l (jiiU But (;ivA bU inl»i3 a li^M to work in, 
frtwdom to iroHxt and make his labor ibe meaoa 

lis uwt) itilelWtuftl jxnjgrvHh, and lui will rling to 
(rrofoesum which ho DikU to bo truljr llbani!, and 
b^oorne ma iuvalaalAtf co^pcmtor with tfae Ifltgulaturo 
b tlio buniioes cf jiublia educatiOD. Tbere would bo 
tio t^tnpWuiTi then to dy Avn^y from achool-koepiag 
to lATt phyeic, dinnlty. dril eDfineenng* or sliop* 
kioepmff. Well pcudt tnuted, n«pcct«d, azul in eomo 
iiuUocas evao rerorod, tb« tcfto3ier would hy biB 
axamplo ai>d hia saggwiiODa help t» to soIto th«sa 
problecai whiob u« baooming &o troiibl«tomo, abould 
tbaj ocnD« to vtx i» at kU. lliarv would bo no quas- 
tfofi tben of abandoniDg tho whole iiyttam of publio 
cdacittJon. Tlw alM«r fbrtui and chamcter of those 
engaged In U would alone perpetnatfi IL'* 

Tbe problem of emplovitig wonwn ua pnitaipklji of 
pabllo acboola, even of the high and grammar departr 
ibtnto, maj be cooaidcrcd »t'>tvod, »o mnny womon 
hftviDg provod tbemaelrcs abiuidaatl/ qualified to fill 
thit atation. Saraii J. BASfiii» a native of Njintiickett 
uecbtog m Roxburj ; Cuabi/xttb IL Gabi»'£H, and 
ICnvKtE AcSTiHt boUi notiTCB of tho aauio isUnd, tho 
4M in Phtbidetphia and tbe other in Son Franoisoo, — 
bave belped to aolre tt. 

N«w Yofic C^ty ba^ had such abl« aen'ice from Kath- 
VMtsR (Wnm) rERBT, All? B. Bctt*, Aones Baft- 
raA» Wahiihetux, And otb<*n, aa fHithftd tvochera, able 




&18 



WOUB» or TIIC CftTtTOHV. 



to govern fti\d direct, tn vtsQ w§ to teach rran 
thiit tho pmUem U no longer doubtful Uioftw More 
wtnoeu aboald oncupj tfa« pUc* of fiHnci|j*L uid fii^K 
H Jenv^ Clljr htis found, wUh Uart S. Bxu. [a oSo«. 
that woxDen luve obili^ id snjwKotvnditig m well u to 
teocliiii;:. And alwAjrs tbeytbo-uU i«cdTo |b» M»t 
eoUr^ 06 ftny malo Uiclier who ooeii|ilm « tmSUt 
|>ooiUoo. Work in qualitj nnd <|U4ii6tXt iu») tva% ifrx, 
EhoiU4 limit tbe compenaatioD. Atnoi^ tamhen of 
pri\*mU ichot>L(, CoiusTtAKi. Rouirne of Mftiae* Md 
Sajlau R. SmTTH of Mm<uQliu»tu (iLa unii fiiniMdj 
Mtcaoherln Uit Brook Ivn Po]3rt«cfaidcal Iiutiiui^, tbt 
other £□ Sut« Normal Selioot tt Salflm, Mom-), #^->> ^i 
ba mmitkimfA. Tbdr school la In Brooklyn. ' 
A^NA C. JtitAOKxrr IB amoQg tboodac&tidtuU lorMcin 
Htw York Cilj. Liborui^ iti ber ptirftlo pcbool aad villi 
TOioe Aikd pon for lb« good caiim, ^* Ubib wdqU ftO 
me to teU *' of iht sfcatcn M. Jbsqcds, Ijzkib, vmI Kllts 
K. MiLXfl, wba b^To tatiffbt vuoooMfiiUjr, — tk* UUar 
foartoen y«are, tbo firtt nnmed ov«r twontj^, — and of 
tbousscdj of others who are doing irnad terrk* I* 
tJi4) yontli of our land. TtiQ women Uiaeb«n in mtr 
pal>IIo ftohoola are among the moat Ciithftit nod a«W, 
lint ara tnn nf^n Aibjf^t lo llut hijoadcv of doing tfee 
some wnrk a man toftulier do«a, for oiitjr half or Cv^ 
thiittn Uifi pajr. An iniiUnoo can bo iiiRDtioii«<d whoa 
ft male principal reoefvod d^tcen hundred tlolUra. aad 
tbo female aMietaiit only mx hundrod dolbua, abd il 
oatild be prored that ber work wm» doaU« in quaalitf 
and better in quality Uiao the man's s and tfau b eoly 
one imtanoo in a raat nnmber avvrTwbore mwiirTWt 
TIm SMond century will abov a diffemL alale «( 
thing«i for alnjodj women nna Iwing plac«d on lolieel 
boardA, and. wh«n there U poUlteal eqnalitj bt4^ 




TOICRcr EDUCATOKfl. 



old 






A BAHtof) iwpcr ibua rdem lo oDe who Iiaa served qd 
n mHoc^I board 3 — 

"MiMi Cr-AUisSA BtTLKft, i>r Groton, died in thU 
dty lit«t WedoNdflT afior a lonf; fUness. She u-^ a 
dAuglii<3rof ilie U;o C»3«b Ittitlsr^ Ksq^ Uie htstortati 
f»r Uia towa. SImj will Iw groativ ichsKl by !iur tictgh- 
bors Htid towti^olV, AS she occiipiett n pnsiliOD of 
mmu^kalilr iiwTitlitubu For Uit lH,>ct forty ycAr% die 
haid be«n cTo?«1y rotiJifct»1 nitli llie Ijt^l (.-Uanli^A Mtid 
tho questions of jttiMic «dticAtiot] ; ntid f]in lud lirtrn 80 
.pdtl€ in whatcter dotie^ »ho had nndcrtakv^o that it 
be diffi^ilt for anyoi>c (o HII licr [tLicc. She 
orited Icr faihcr'a antiqoamt) infitc^ and w raoro 
CannliMT with the hittory of tho town than Buj otUor 
porwn. At ono timo eho vrw the pTftc^ptros* of tiio 
fAWToncc Academy at Gr«ton; and of lato yean abe 
haa terred aa a meiDber of tb^ school committae, vb«r« 
nr o[iiniOD« vem always Juitily treated w]t1i gT^at 
eferenc«. Sho t)>o1c an actire part in tlto Grolon 
blic Library* nnd inai^«r brt irdix-nce Ml hi vmioiifl 
loan fi<r tlie I>ei:teflt of ber ton'i»peopl^, ITf?r loaa 
'1>B felt ID many difT'-rriit nallia of life. Apaiti 
botrevKr, tnna bt^r culttvatloo aod fltrengtb of luiod, 
iLti will lie rcERomlN-iGd licat for ber cohscicntiona and 
Chriflliaa hkJ" 

SoruiA S. COKT'KLL iuaugurat«d l)i« |Jr«^r«iuiT« «y>- 
lam of tcflobiti<- ((-.'Ofimphy, Tbough her bof>kfl JiaT(> 
bavo tapertfidud in our public iclioolB, tboy bate only 
baan raplacad by oUian bou^J ttpan A/r pl<fii, for wTii^h 
plan ilw iii PTitiilM in gf^at crMit, as pvory odnrAtor 
nowa. Min Coiivell ivaa W-n in New LoiuJuq, Cann. 
be di^ In Owego, N. F., in 187fs Sha oommanoad 
ing at the aga of fifteen^ nnd waa for roany ytuirs 
tikoipal of a publio acbcol, tmt f^i^ np t«achinij> to 





MO 



WOUBK or TUB VBVTUBf. 



icbool googmpbi«i- 

Ago dooK uut tteem to C4uw tiuy iIilui e l j i 
to tbolovvnof IfiBTniikg; for wc »« Ujld - ' ':i^ < i ;:« 
rnrlit^ ftplilicatiana tot % place la tb« School of £o9- 
ogy, lield thU tummer at Con>oll L'tilrorntj^, w &tna 
« Iwlj 6f^ yenn old, ono who h*a bvea tciafhipnc &«tr 
tiral bistory in ono of tbo lotgwit citioa for thirtr jmi^ 
Ono of Iho moat active U)d eatbuMjisUc rFU[iab at tba 
Andctwn Sobool inid coarly Eiity joon of off^" 

Vklcntion ubould bt mode of tLo coLlef«i in mrUtid 
for women, but for Utk oC s^c*. Vuttr CclIl«c^ 
built ftud oi]dow<*d bj iu Dc^ble foiindor at a rott el 
balf ft million, hftji b«ea Ute onlj coUcf^ where wonun*! 
oducation has bc«D proridrd for a* liltrraUjr 
college for men. Tbft SmiiJi d^Urgu oi Ni 
fouikded by Miu SoTutA Surrn. bidi fiur 
VuoAt ill timt?, nod Iw n wtirlby muniment 

Tho follovtng ladiM fonn port of iho bcnltj of 
Smith College : Uaa Sarah W. HrurtntBT, dau|htat 
of tl>o JAto Pt«». ilumphrej. U at tJio hod of Ihi 
department of hij^ton- s Mim IhlARtA Wmnnrr. ditv 
of Prof. Whitney of Vale, Ukca Fnneb and Uremia; 
and Mm Mary A. HA^nxoA, Uto T<Hiidpd ai Ho^^ 
ton Sominoiy, Nev Yctk, n^athfimatio*. Mro* 
Allev U mfttran. 

Many townt and nlieo, in Neir EngUml 
haw eloeted women on the aobod-boord*. Of 
elected ta a eupervinor in Ooiton, ^ Tbn Boelon Ja» 

*■ MUs LccncTiA Cbockeb woe fitst bnmpht la lb; 
attention of the imblic three jeore ifco, whtn, by tti 
■nanicuHia roice of the cititen« of Word 11 (now Wirf 



rrauy oi m 

but toi^^l 
. torn wortqH 




WOlCBy EDCCATOBS. 



&SS 



lH\ slio wt« «Tec4«d m a mamber of tlio otd school 
onmmiUcts ; atiil Uio i!Xci:]]«Dt jtxlgnieiit atid Nonnd 
lesnuDg bIla dkpUj^ in &11 mesAUrea ftfTecling th« 
wdfore of thfi Hcboalii iniulo Ivci * very accepUljIo 
caiululAttt for tht ie-orgviit«d echool-6jat«m. Hei 
dtotioti to tbe poaition of Aupenri^or vriut urged bj 
muijr of the be«t dtbeus of Bo^tou ; aDd Jt Trill givo 
general aatUfaotion/' 

^V WoUeelor CoUegt for w^nen ia justljr o&tiUcd to 
QMiitioD, and it« founder, Henry F. Durunt, to grtti 
praiM. Tbo noble structure standfl od the aboro of 
Lsike ^V«ban, in MostfcboMUs (oEmed for Jobn Wflbnn, 
1 fvllow-ltt1>or>^ with tbe tpostle to the Indiitcti, John 
ELot). and is ono of Um most «Leguitt nod best uTongod 
(or CDmfriTt B»<t lUMily, bi Uie world. Tills b Iwltcved 
10 bo ibe only coUoge id tlio worid wbo«o facuUj ia 
^■impofMv! vholl^of m^mrn. ^^TIia VTiudLirgtiin ChrciD^ 
^be" of Nov- 14, 1875, oouwuh a Umg aod iulef^Xing 
ulide coDcumia^ tbis college, from vrbich tbe rollow- 

'* Tbo coarse of etMtly U in^uadod to bo m ooinplot^ 
[] thorouf^h afl thai at Harvard, IncludiitjCC f^U coutacA 
In the Ugh«r mathensiicsi Ijitin, Greelc, and th« mod- 
em hittgnages; sod, sitbougli Gntk b sn optbnal 
vtody, a large olaeeof young LacEos have already enterod 
upon lu pi]ni;itt, G^rm^i ijg to havo the fnrvnumt [ilnce 
ill fJte currkuluni of tht^ luodem languages; and Ibor- 
H^ugtinnts <if Ktudy U lo bi; ill? aim of every depLrLmenL 
^^iU«inaUc ntudy uf tbe Scn|>turaa urill bo iucludod ia 
^Via coiino ; arid Cliristian influance^ will bo mado 
praaunetit in all dirparlmentii. Tlufi reftldeni toacben, 
from tbfl praaident dowu, arc women, tbougfa the epedal 
•ectnrcn ir&U bo actcctcd laigelj from tbo opposite aez. 



634 



VOJIS3C or TUS CKNTCVT. 



ratumouut to every other qualification Lu ik Ui 
thAl of yIU] piety E ftnd 6h« tauet b« obe wbo. baWuf 
c<»taocntctl henolf to Chrixt, wUl leek oppoftonitM U 
win the studCQtB to a loving, U'liAtin;- f«itb, 

^ The total oumlwr ot Uio ^ulEy U tirtnt^-oj-tiL I 
eevcnl of the teacfaMS har^ no: y«c r«pon«d. The" 
jnmed of tho«e alreadjr oo duty am oi rolIa«vi : — 

"Muu AdaL. IIo«rard,prKsideoi; Mkn Mary IFortM, 
profe^Aor of Groek ; Mtn Snnb Oliocr, ot aUmom; 
ami ntaihvmatia ; Miaui Ltxiia P. CUrk. HcltfD Stoilu 
Catharine Woic«<ter, end Eather B. Tiiota|«oii« li 
T^tin ; Jrnnle N«!^miu, tif l^lin and Prt^oh; Sanh 
Willord. of Freaob. GnrtaAu, aod IcaUao ; U C. HaH, 
of FicQcli ; Beade T. Capcti, of cfacnisuj and lai&eial- 
ogy : Sunn B. llulloitren, of nalutal tu*bor)r ; Sophia & 
Ijorr, of grapunar. ^liydical gtosraphy, axul dnirijc^fi 
Sarah P. Eeetman, oC hintorr ; l^^oca Emecam. t4 
history aod algebra s Hllen Gov* of laental and Bonl 
fteicaco, and compoatioa ; LUitaboth M. Uciuoot of 
aritlunetio and English litaraUiTOi Mary M. Bumhaot 
of KagtUh literature; (rcKrude K. fCobdaU, of miieicj 
Maiy CurHe, of vlooutiou. Thare are, in additioiu tvo 
DaD-n»i<)e(nt pTofeaeor^ of mwAc, UeKta. Edward A. 
Paiiio Olid OhdHm E- Mono, of Boetoo ; oimI Plot 
Walter Smith \iUl give advico and Irrtorea In the d*^ 
paitmeat uf ait odiicaLioa. ^U&e Ifovmrd, ihv {irad< 
dent, b a iciaduale of Hnlyoko 8eaniiarf. ood lies 
tDUob ejcp^riciiCQ at the h««d of oducatMnal uaUtoUo 
Hie adndnUtratioii of the domtstic brauchea of 
inetitntjon derolvta upon Miei It A. Uord. the rapet- 
lutendeciL nlr:> wa» formoriy In charge oC the Boetae 
Touag Wom-iu's Chnati^tn AaMcIation Uomo. She k 
aedjited by MLet WaUcor. A chief baker, an e:i]^toeef. 
atid a iiofter confitituta the enHro force of the "^f-^^litw 



vromat bj>ucA7oi». 



a3& 



vrhtltf «L;:ht lAumlicaMA tkiid t^o or 

tiic kitchci^ niftkc up Um per^f^lM^f 

the ooU^ft, itidq>rn<]ciit oT the pupils^ ThU is 

ieTed to be the oul/ co^^i^ in Uic worid, of rrlucU 

I entire faculty is eomposcd of TromoD, Tho EtuUonIs 

&OID »U parta of th« North, Weat, ukd MUdle 

tAte>f Mttrjknd, nnH Virfpni*, aai ^mo Ti^m ChnuU. 

The accominoditions are fi>t thre^ hutidrec! ; and full/ 

tAvo hundred Apt>lioal4oa?i for adzDLisioo weie reject^/' 

Hy Urn kiiifliieui rtf A fncinil I)l« follovrih^ HCcOUilt U 

pm^uU'd of the Imly — AlioH R, Ptei-n-Jin. Ph, D. — 

, w ho is now (1882) pr^^ilmtof WulWcy Coitcfo; — 

^■"MJM Altco E. Freuaun waa torn in Col&»YUIe, 

^Koomo CvuDty, K. y^ F«bniar7 21, 18^. t][« el<lut of 

^^« four dillilnin of Jahim iird SltsaUsth (Mkgloy) Frv*- 

■" fimiK !!»*r parvnU wpti* tmrolr nt work tilling Um boiI 

d Ktdfljring mcvlicnnc big^^tW at ev^ry loU[jre mom?fi^ 

ifl. thorefore, by an actira pnvdeaUiMtioii. th» dau^b* 

of both tftaX aiul cult-jre, Dr^ Fret-mnr. wh^ b Di>vr 

the Mioo««aful pmctico of his prcfnnrf>ii in the State of 

bi^iiT on^tuillr romovod hiji fnmity to Pttiinaylv&niA 

lnt» h*" fompkti*d biie oollcgn i^otrK^. From lliiu pmnt 

tA>k thorn In Wiibl^or, N. V,, a r-Kirining K]ua on Ihn 

Laaua, wkoaA Qaturat a^^mtry ftnd admirable Kcad* 

jgiiTc to Mis) Freemui on excellent phyBtqaejuid a 

cducatiot), Sho iru alreadj old enoi^h to ahftre 

th« rpflpoatibUilws of tho booo^liold, nod om ilio doT«lopod 

e for ' ' ' " ' nf Httidy it wm in«riuWe 

•be all ■ ^repxTft for Vawnr, 

'^Bat nt Uiu ttnw Uce UiiivemLy of Micui^n opened 

iti doora to oo-oili>cnlip(?ti, And nt onoo Uisa Freeciun'a 

naoluUoQ wu uki^n. Aldtnugh imperfectly proparod in 

one or tvo of lUeir more n|*td ret^uirdin^^nta, Abo r«ao1vad 

la W BtnOEifC thit " pioneer*,*' and waa able then and aftar- 

warxh to aatiaf} fally tho acr^^ra deounda of that ourriou* 




&26 



wouEX OF TBB cutTuar, 



tam. It Ifl not loo h\^^i pndiM b« mjr thftt tti Imt U Ji 

IiAXftidoLUi m peri men L Uct ninplicitj iuhI dirtcliiu^ rf 
clumcter, her tboro«j^ uul vraauaW vvrll-rM^perl, W 
ismcBt &nd lAithfal Mlioknilil|), wwl ber laq^ mid n- 
Mcuri&n Chrifllikii ipirit, — all Umm «x9rtH4 ui <«S» 
«niw of which it lA liArd to etttitnUv Um valor. 7V<t 
bvr Alain Miitm-, ai 1(0 nweDl ComneaonMnt. b««iow«d 
upon ber ita highest konor ^— tltit of DocLif uf Phildn- 
pby — bj ft unjinuooiui vote of (b« R^gntU wL Ka<«lt^ 
fttid vithoat t^tty oxAznioaUMi, U c<io«gh to ftbav tW 
merle ol l^«r work. 

'* MUii Frcpoun grmilaaUsd vith bar «Um in 187Ai iad 
for ft jMir vTft* an infltrucbir in tb« ftcftdemy ftl Oowfft 
Lr4kir^ Wia., Lcncbiiig Qriwl:, I^tjii, ftiul tbo lugbvr mmik' 
emniica. Id 1877 •bo beoim* pnotfinm of Um bi(b 
»dioot At Eaat 8«ginaw, Micb., uiil In 1H7U vbift wm to- 
Titod to ibc diftir of bUti>r7 io Wfllltetty Calk|^ [ft 
Nofftmbor, 1381, sl^rV b«»cftinft ftoting prM^onC. h^ m 
Jtti»e, IdB^ ftocopUtd tbft pfMidftacy of tbs iniUaiUoft. 

^ B^^ Utcvft ir]H> know btfv bf^-st &ltw KtVMDfta to «pft> 
dalljr cvUieiaad for her qtiick fjiupoUiira, bar •iaooi 
eDtba»ijh«m, bor devottoo to Um cauio uf bi^Lvr eJueaiaa 
amor^ vronwa, bor capacity And coungQ m o^rtyng am 
bvr cutivlcLiooj^ and pftrtivuUrljr Tor a mart Uifaly 4W 
Cbnrtbm diantj, wbicb craato aa atmo«pbara ol poji^ 
and o&nkaitn» thraaglioat all bar wwIl 7^ 
liniit to bur ovra MUnacrifidog onerg7 appean tv ba 
pbjttcftJ Atreiigtb. Sba £• jnti too joQOft bQwavn, 
fail of i\uX tJaxibtlity ftod adftpUti^ta uE tbcaiffai 
forod vrbidi iboQtd nuika b«rduti<« ftttU ^jwar wh<ri>' 
tbe jr«ani wbieb are to ooiae. Tba wfnU nf LovdHi 
poem are pv^uliarly dwcriptlre of b«4-: — 

Wfaleb IMM Wit «9lfH, m 4Mgli« i 



Od 



wojns:! EDCCA-rona. 



S27 






For HMsh thti HCfe c«tf b«wi ol mm^ 

Thoogh mucli b Ic/l iiawriUcD thftt |wriM|M ougbt 
lo Bnd pJac« here* this cbaptei must now doM vrlUi lio 

iclc frt^ni 'Tbo Lil)«nU CbrlMiaii/ oq '* Womfia And 

ncatiOQ in tlio Wc^l:'* — 

"A oler^r A^man tdJ« the r«eu1gra of *Th* New 

□tury for WonMn' hovr her hitherto iQiioh*ahiucd 
restricced tiaCera im rapidly anil sueooanfully en- 
croaching npc>n the pedn^ogio terricorr imiil mMntl^ 
oocitpje<l almost exclmively by ' sccon'l-gTw!e men/ 
Hirr k-U^rj which ve joint ne&rlr in ftiU, bmtles with 

^*'rhc West is t>€Dding all her energies tovicd iho 
aUoD of the cducationnl probtem. Iowa took tbo 
fivo yeais »go in appointing a wotaaa as superin- 
tcndcQt of tfcJioob. To-day thiit Stato haa ttn oounUea 
BDpemtended by women, while Illioote« swift to follow 
a wiao dot^Qituro, haa olevon- One of thoee, J^Iabv 
AiXBfi Wenr, wfu formerly an editcrbJ writer in Pldla* 
delphta. She ta litxiftlly endowed with cocnmoti senso 
(a aoioetihat mre talent}, ur.d In art able member of the 
ootpfl. All of thfse women are doing goo<l work ander 
a airTcre te«t; fur tlin dutii^ (if a snjpi'rinttfjHljMit, m a 
Urge couniy whosa towns oie itcuLtered, ara by no 
meaiuf lighL A gentleman who canvassea (he e<iuca- 
tional field cjf the North-woAt^ aad Lt acquainted wiili 
Qie vorkora and Iheir \Tork,auiircd tnc that the nomon 
Qling these potdtioiut are more eamestt mora lUthful* 
nd caorc able^ than the men in similar phtees. Of 
(ouiso only tlio ttrongeat women secure tboso appoint- 
mnitSt so slow is prejudice in yielding to poUoy. lUth* 
«ito an infcnor ewkde of ability has leon tolerated, if 



528 



vous» or Tiu cvatnmT. 



only U were dotbed la the ttBdltlMuZ 
BqC sGQtiment U nipidlj ehwgiag. S^uan pop 
being put into <quar« b(J4», Aod tecotid-p«d« mtn 
beinj? ttaioUy rei^lacod hy <int-gnd« woqho* So 
ft tovD fts Bloominf^ti, tn tUft St&U, Iim lukd tlitt 
dom to secure tbe beet ulout in the mArkci by eh 
for tU fU|>eniileudeiit of vchoob MIm SxftAJi E. lUr- 
MOXD. One wbo knows avures ma tlut tfaa ecboidi 
ura in fine condiUon undvr Uie oeir t4gimt. IHTa»> 
port. To., Iiaft a]«) put lier tchooU into ibv hftnd* of 
K votittn. Tlieee tovn^ «re ol«ar-^«d onoiigli to Mt 
that Uiej' Aro i^ettiiig a Wuer article f<>r their nxniej. 
Witli eiinilar vi» eoonoiuy, Cliicego hmm pUou] hr? 
<ventj fffimAT}' MsboolH under Uie cbmtiffr nf wdviml 
Tbeee ATerti^e five hundred papUa each, wlula ecTcsif 
ntmabor over onu ibouMiid. Two of the Urge gnm' 
mar BoteoU baT« l-een fini^lj- c«iidcicted bj vontea pHiv 
eipulj for»«v«TiU jreiuv; nnd, U^ the credit of Cb*(^^ 
be tl etated, the faUiieii paid vn:i» detennloed bj the 
work, and not by the sex, of tho werVom. 

** ' Women have enjoyfid a aonopulj uf iho frnoca ff 
hnmility nnd gnlimiasOD. They bave be«n " unpopri 
upm " unUl it bos bnuomr unremliiina to challangg ■ 
i!r>ccitt foolbold tn the woild of vrork. Ooadncaiiv 
and libcnd truDing ate putting thinga upon a dtften±l 
basis. I'he Chicago UniTenity ba» had a part botk ii 
the wrong* awi (he fightings that tread ao doeeiy ^fn 
each ether i hwU In thie age. Until two yean ^ tli 
inetitutioD restricted ite priTilegei to ytraaf a 
Among tbe inatnietore, however, ware two UdiM. 
daughtem of tbe cntnent Greek noholar* Vtti 
R, Bolfte> On« of tbeee, a gmdoate of Ann ArUr 
a reuarkjib^y Ane Greek acholar, waa her father'afSMi 
— trant. Tbe other, u the reault of long i»l <feda 



WOMBU CDDCAlOia. 



623 



tfuuiaif botk at bcoae and abroad. exefill«d [q Gcnaiu 
aikd Frenob, axA Uogbt thoec brancbcd in Ui« Uiuv^r- 
dty. TJiceo two wotocn, although Uioy did ex^Ucnt 
work for jroars, and h«}pe>d in no alif^ht dcgtoe to Lulkl 
up ihv Imputation of itt coUt-^o for tborougb linpiUtio 
tnuiiag, wcra not onJy pud at etarvation tat«(>t but 
van ako not uaaed io tbo oatulugue i^itb ilid «otjw cif 
DMtmctws- 

"'Hieno wotneii w«ro too geuuiim Lu inub tlieir iru}'; 
Uiflj-Aiinplj wsJted for Hlow-fooLed juutiae. Tim «Mtir, 
wbcii offered a degnso by tbo Ernu^loD Uoivcr«iljr,6ud, 
"No, i will waib UU my own ooUega tm^ fil to confer it 
upon inc." The tardy cocogmtion cam«; the dcgroe 
waa be6towed. and tbla year the nam<> of tho youi^er 
Kb^tor Appears in tho c«ta]ogti«. It u bm a cvmt«;4»y; 
bat It b tJio ind«x» l«t Da hope, of a larger jiutloe. 
Woman, the eenaibl^ onoBt care lesa for tho tiUoa than 
tcT what they represent in Lard oaih. Even at the top* 
most rotind of this profmJon, we need not fear that 
gecteroua revogulti^vii of vulno reoeivtd will Hunt ihoss 
delic&te gracea which lipnng from 8el/-denl&I. The old 
catchword '* demand atii) sap^-ly '* icap« to thv trooi Um 
SKJUjeut one ventures to opeu Uuh v«it?d qu&itiua. Pray 
rtcotutnict your political cconomica* if they will xtot 
me^t audi a cfuo m iha foUowing. 

'- ' Two years ago* wboi the trusUea of this Uuivcr- 
Jtty Icrelldd tho hamcadc^^ and inrit^il yonn^ womon 
to entor, a bdy woa placed at the head of the now 
dcpfUtmcuL }nhm MauT E. CuAWSt^ M.A., u a itMnurk- 
table woaiaa, both in natunl eudowmente and acqmi'ed 
Icnowlodge. She haa given a lifotime to teaching iii 
ttchooU of high grade, and U in every reepect the i>eei 
of her aasodataa in :bb rn^w ttuld. She la conUntod iu 
bar work, ajkd hojieful of ihtt Letter day for women, iLv 




CUATTKJI XVL 



VOUBS PUTHIClAN'a 



lUmot IL n«nt find «l«tor^ll«rrj U. JwkMa^'nio [nJtuonc* of 
Ujuw ZiinMTtkii nod t^ BbuTk4«U tidUn — C1«madco L^dor — 



u^r If. OaA0M. 
-'niatcl«vd^lNdu.'--OQb tr.lL 

TOEN' f^pcakiDg of Mra. IlUl'a Acbool for gUls in 

Aliiea.s (jn:ccc, M:^. Ilal^; vciy »en»iUy mija* 

^iilir one braiicJi — an iniporlaat one — of mstnicUon 

\tiB (o be odiici to make the »jrfttcm of Mar« Hill 

in3[iletc, — Uiat vf i^ien^rTio^ [ica]Ui. Woniea ato Uifl 

Eani gnardUoB of uifaucr: tbcy ghouM be coxciuUjr 

ictcd in mrdical ftcicnct. Aautocnyt phntotoio't 

t}^ene* are ^tudiiM mora A;T|-'n>|>neL',« Uy Xheir coDdi- 

njiij duties thftn to tbceo of moti. Thiit tho ono mx 

mopolited uU tbc knowlc^l^o ou tbia Mieiio« is no 

UL 



ab.t& 



wamor phtaiciam. 



^£ 



ift true, but oAmo to lhi« comilrj when About el«vim 
on old, uid, since hor czAmpb luis proved endi u 
fitimnlos to 80 numy wonMo, is deeorvinc high plaoo in 
ft i*cord of tht iromen of otii fir»t uoritury. In li^!} 
she flrat reiolyod to bo a phyBioian; ft&d after atudWng 
Ontek, latin, d^., in 1845 i^ wunt to NVili Ouolina, 
^^hare alie taught French and maaic, nnd r«ad m^clofi 
^Bith Dr. John Diclcson. Shu LWn wl^hi to Oh»r]fEstj>n » 
^^L0.» wliera rt)i<< tauglit mu&tc, and r&ad indtbiUiou&lj 
^Hndcr Dr S. 11. Dh:J^»^oii, filnce a prpfomur of pmctice 
^Pd the DniTersiLy of Ncur Ymrit, In 1847 nhft c&ind to 
PliiladelphU, for tho umo titud/. TliBt fiimmcr Dr^ 
m^L M- Allen, profeiirtor of anatomy, afforded her excel* 
^Bnt opportanitioa for dtscctaon in hia private uia- 
toBuoiLl roocu. The wijit«r foUoving, tha uttx^iLdud 
her first full oourt« of leoturee at Genera, N.Y. The 
nest aununer ehe resided at the Blocklej ifo^fpital, 
PhHadetphia, where alio hod the kindest attentiona 
from Dr. 0«nediot, the principiLl pUruician, and the 
Yerj lafge range for obftervatiou winch it^ threat variety 
and number of cmwa miEonL Tha ancceedti^ winter, 
ahe attended her aeoond ooui-m at Qenera, and gradu- 
ated re^ihuly at tlie dow of tlie smnon. iler theaia 
vnw uptm idii|>*f0verT wbieh «]m haci >uB|>1ti op^turUinU 
tiee for oh&erving at Blocklay, It wm ao abljr ^itlteu 
that thvf faculty of Qenevti dctemnnRil to give it puH* 
Uoalion. ^Int. Uale adda. "It b in keeping with luy 
idea of thia atoiy to aild that the procceda of her own 
ijid(t»try have been adequate to meet the entire ex* 
ponaeaofhcrmcdicnl cducntioD, — about eight hundred 
d^>lUta. My purpoee in detailing th<Ae particuIuiH ia, 
lo give the fullest notion of hor enterprise and object* 
She garo the bvKt »tuniinary of it that can bo put into 
vorda^ in her reply to the pre^dent of the GeDOva Col- 



584 



VOSfSK or THS CKXTDET. 






le^k when hn pnmenied li«r t^tploma. Dvfp«rtib^ Jra« 
th« u5uaI fonm Ti« toav, and juMrctt^c^l bcr in m tiunft«r 
BO ei»[1iatlc ntti nnmiuJ, Uial the wmp »u/(>me<I uito « 
TCM|ii>nHt>. ■! th:iuk yon, sir/ Mid »h^ * Willi li>«bdp 
of the Mwt High, it KhaU be Uhj diitj cif nrUb Id iM 
boiMr cm thb diploma.'** 

And Uu0 flbfl hu done, tdl h«r nuM it • 
for medietl worth. Jn 1$19 Dr &li«kv«0 
EuTOpo, vb«r9 Bh« vigited bofpitab* being tt mi ryj 
wltb c<mrt««7i and oontinatfd tli« itudy nml pcmvtjoa of 
hor profusion. Sbe b now in BogUnd ; bnt bar bftti* 
enco U Ttflt on ibU M^ of tb« Atlitttla Her dmer. 
Dr. Khilt Bulckwkm^ has since imt«rM tfao melkil 
prvfoEuton, luiil tn nf»vr a BUccvytful pncUtlutm', 
b«in^ at ibe hoad of a hi»pita1 and lOMlka] collf^ h 
womon m Xo^r YorV Oit}-. ThoMi two pIijKcnuvh 
Blackvn^U MAiKni. may tic t^iganl^ aa p(oatfen In 
profcMwn, vrboae naiacs viU bo hcbl in grmt«ftil 
fodcleajiremcmhranoc. Il^dcM (bMe« mucb er«dit 
longa to l>r. Maru Zaiuizswska for opiminf 
ir»j for vorocn into Itio mcdtcaJ profeasiiin- Dr. 
seireka is a foreigner, bat baa boon many jmun in tki 
ooTtntiy, and boa oiortcd a naarked nnd bcnuBpeal 
Inflaenca amon^ tba yootigor wouen of tbe emtOmrf^ 
Mer f^at skill attd auocM) ban won fMio^n Ttr brr- 
Mlf. and ^ivooum^l many othi-r- ^'r*. CarolitM* fl 
Dall haa vritton a ak«t«b of ihi -t't Iifo, *l- 

£a nronby a plaee In ovvty woBun'a iibm^r, ami v-lii 
•Imim bow rnprgy nnil pcrMTrrannT nan otrtmot' 
obiUcleek fn bnr ailmiralilo lioidc. " 'fho Clnllf^ tit 
Market, and Um Court*" Mn. UilEI lia» Berf*nJ parv<| 
davot«d to tbo mbjact of" M^lirHl KdnoaSfaM)," ttjj 
4p«dcflof Oflwoonegvanj on« bt»Hj>;uil in Bnabio vbiPi] 
education ia ^ven. ona atao in S|innj(fleld, asd omh\ 




wotfiy rjiveiciAKfl* 



5S5 



Laera i 



'hlUdelphift. Then} 1iav« btcu kiqc^ at lonst tiro 
EQvrltcAl colleges for wom^a in Kew Vcirk City ; aiul 
Lhera ATo ufior htmilrttU »f wociicn doctura in our 
kwl, ««rniiig iucouM« of from tea tu tw«utjr iboiuuuut 
A fair unly of tiut ivontcD [^li^iciana caa t>« 
Ifitnl berv. and tbev, fur uWimtui nfii44)tt:i, utiljr 
bc4t knoivn to tUo m>r)d, or vrcU kauwu to tb« 
irriUfT. 

Un^v IlKiLdf MOKTO:f aod Lccv E. Sb^-aUj lire 
worthy pLyruciuiu in Bontoo, at Hk Nctr Bfig)«n4 IIoo- 
pitftJ* where th^ haro beoa voiy auccc«&fui, Uno of 
tho OKKit 5ui;o»iful voraeo ntirgi^onA in the U&d, Ur. 
ScsAK T. DuiocK,»ftur thorough pn>iiftrutiob horo &ud 
tn Eurof-ojLti h<ispi:»;8, triu drowned in Ute st^ametip 
''Sfdullvt" ou hi^ vaj to Enf^Iauit. Sho Atudivd in 
Ztjiich; and ber Fn^o^^'^n? tbeai^ wae ooit»Jd«r«d ft 
CNjoful Biul HcltjnUfic muIjT^h of a diflicuU Hubjeot. It 
wan {uibUsfaed Id Gemau with this tide; "Uber d£e 
V«rs<Thtr<1i>iipn rormrn clw I*nwrprnil Ficlwr. Tnuirg- 
«rul Diu«rution hy Susan T, Dimt*vk, aun BoHton." * 
The r«majnfl of Dr. Dimoclc .were recovered from 
tKc wrrcV rf Uif! "Sv^hirer;" aiid ber funeral took 
jilfl^ra .Iiitie4, 187^, fivm tLe Chmidi of ibe DbdploA, 
BostQti I the jMfitor. Kcv. Dr. J. Fit>em*n Clarko, offica* 
fttfal^. E^J:llt cmiticiit nwili* phy^ciaia of Bodton wen 
ihe j)aU-beArcr7. ''Dr. Utarko recalled with narked 
doqtunce and tcndcrnefa tlio oalieut troiu of Dr. 
Dimock's cbutactcr, Ler gentleness and strength, her 
fwceUiDM ami cbt;erfii]oo3«. lU a\mi rtad eztr^olA 
from u letter, uarrutiug a few incidvnU of the vrook 
iiume<iiAiely coiinec4ed with tho doaUi of Miss Dim- 
.^ok. " Wliou Wt Dce^V the Utter Mid, "iiho wilv 
^,kiifteling on tUu deck, ]>niyju}; aloud; aod, aa bIj* 

> On th* I XfTKrviil Kmnn f^ l>L«trr*nl K< 




wcwntu OF m% ciwtcet. 



kii^lU a wa broke over Uio vcftwU aimI svept bcf «ti^ 
ft group near her out of buiatn sight cr aid Vfhm 
alia vraa taken from the wat«r. her faca vore a pcicthlt 
€veu a bappj oxpfttriaii. The iphabaUpto of Uw Uleal 
ware touohed by iU aireet rcf>oaos aad Uie bcidjr 
'preaeDtlj itrtws viUi floimi b^ rnm|— innili 
and women. Erea tbe rode Uwnnea vhft bevt 1^ 
bodj to tbe steamer wlucb brougbt her bona fell 
tbe iame InAutrnoe i one of tbcia aajiiig , m ihaj kft 
tbe bier, * We laid her down aa aofUj u over bar 
own motber did/" A free bed at the ho<[4ta] in 
BoiCoQ, where the wad the boooted aod beloved phy- 
Ktctan, M wUblUliird m* a menuvial- 

Amon^; tbe Grftt, if uoL the firat, to praeUM medkiae 
(n thia eountjy, wtu Dr. IlAftKror K. HnKT. Har anti^ 
biograpbical work called ''Glaaora and QUapfa^ 
ia to complete a etatenent of her atnigglea, ibat (be 
reader la advised to penue IL, and citeu>e the brefi^ 
of tbia QDtice. She woe born Nov. 0* 180rt; and bar 
eitUr, Sabao AXKitTSTA llcvT, who wu alaa a l^btil- 
oiaa, waa bom Dee. 26, 1603. Dn Harriot died a^tb* 
age of aixtjr-tbree. Jan, % 1975. in UobUmi, wbett kbi 
had apent her Qaefal life. Mn. Lucy Stofte nya of bo. 
>* She acquired a medieal edncation hy private iastrae- 
tk»D from Dr. Koit, and com&nticed a pTaetaoe utm^ 
toTty joapft Rgo, xt-hjch became ao ineeaaaful 
remunermtive that whe acqnirod an uulependeut fi 
tmie. ... As 50QEI a0 ftbe had proiierty to be taxed 
aha fdt m> keenly tbe epwfnti»l inJitAUc« of *wTi%it 
witbout reprenentatiou, ibat ever^ jremr, whan abepud 
ber Ui« ahe senl with il (o the dtj trea«arer a protol. 
eeiting forth tbe pHticiple Uait tuxaUou and re j gaa tD * 
taiicn are iiubcpurahle, aad proteatiny afaituit tbe wntt| 
done to all womeo who were oomptlled to pajr immm, 






TOBCEK PBTBICtAKS. 



£37 



y«t denW a vot«. Sh^ conHnaed this ^^mctlce 
ore titan a ^u&rtrr at m MntuiT, lill CJte niul of livj 
life* Her practical ezunple of ft sucobraTuI buaiueea 
life, alwiys mftiDUjiKtl with » cJiocrfal spint, is n good 
legacj had leoaou to till joiuig womeUi Sbe will h& 
mtamd hy maD/, but oepccialljr hy thoso wbo sougbt 
ter ftdric^ u & phyaiciftn. and who weiv helped to 
btttlUi, Bfl well by bor chcoiful epirit w by bar iQ«4i- 
cinc." 

"The Woman*B Jouraal''* saya. **Dr- Akha E. 
Bbouaix of Ch««t4r, Ptnii., a gmduAto of tho 
Womftn's BXodioal Collage of Philadelphia, hae retnraed 
from Ktuope, vboio she hot icpecit xhr&e y«An vi«xting 
the bovpluU for women in Fans, VienDa, and Ixindon, 
tbiu perfvctiiig h«r^1f in her profctuion. in wUieh tilie 
■Mds fair to excel. She dt^Iirered this we«k, in Philii- 
^^Uphia, a viny int«rftstiiig ahiI ludil dHficniHioii of 
^Hb iiuuui([4ffufiiit and iiund:ig in ibe varioort hunpiiAla 
^Biuch ehe baa visiUd/' 

^^ Thff name pajwr fu the Kaine dale inferred tc tlie Eact 
tbaU Redccca IlAXtfA vos graduated at the medical 
daportiDcnt of the Iowa State lJiiive.-«itj n-itU tbe 
Ugbfiflt honors ; and vob awarded the first prise, a toe 
caea of aurgicd iiutruiacntn, for hor vprnmcou of out- 
gkol anatocty* She vreiit to BurlingiOD, lo-, to ptfto- 
tise medicine, and appUtd for mumbenbip to the Dec 
Moinea County Medical AsHOoiation* but was reiused 
b««auM aba was a woman. 

Catbsbikr Ukdxbwood Jkvtexls M<D., la Enen- 

tloned with warm command a;ion by Mrs. Saicaii 

BuKOXS ^TKARNfl (lieTHcIf a faithfu) worker for 

women ever alnce the bovr wbeD» aa a young Atnd^Dl, 

aongbt to open the dooro of Michigan Ut^iTcraity 



WOMBIR PHTBIC1A1I8. 



439 



" In 1963, bj hdr luitinng efforta* a votuan'e 
eoU«ge wu efttEl>li«hed ia N«w York. Dr. 

UmtT »ckoowlodg«a th« gr^at help of Dr. Lvoia F. 

Fowi-EK, a«il har 1iu*IiaiuI L. ?f. Fawler, u-itU that of 

Mra. CftAKfjOTTK FOWL&R WeLU ; liut ftl)OVe fill nbe 

i])«a1ut of txTing imVl>t«il '* to mn i]iivr%v«ring fiiith in n 
pno^Dt Saviour, and \ua coiMttu^Lt. iuspinD]^ luve,"* 

Or. lijkJOiAn K. Lo:<odJt9fi& voa the fii^c to put 
up her ptoftieeional '* aign " in Pluladelphia. Slio was 
horn M^y ISO, 1819, ia MarykDcl. llor parents wcto 
Quakere, Sbo iDamcd whirn tweitiy-tvro ; and, when 
tfao yoiingc^t of bor two ckildrcn vroA four jcotv oM. 
ohe cotaraeuoed tho tstudy of tnedicico with h<T- buj^ 
baud's brotli«r, Prof. L S. Loi>^or<t, whoee books and 
map*, «ke1«Coiu, Ac, wiae at tier »ervioe. She vnu; ono 
of tlio Ua members who compoMd the firtt graduating 
oUicri of the WoABao*» Medical College bi Peaosiylviinta. 
She waa immediately elected ** Demonan^tor of Acat- 
iitnj,*' aiu) fwrvud a<:c«rjiLil^1y in tliat ni|>ai:itj. After- 
watfl she dalived leoLures to womdo on medical tliemea. 
, S ho aftcrwaid rvlinqui^JHsd atl but private practice, 
^^kd in Uua vraa rejnarkabljr succoHful. Ucr vIaIcu 
^KaVB V. Uetsss, M,D^ rcadcd in her family, and 
^Kfed a large praotioe. Au older Lalf-slAter, M^t P, 
[ TUOUAS, M.D., now TCflkiiDg in IndUna, has been 
ftcUvo and anccoMful for ncvcnJ /€&«». " Fc»r two 
jeara I>r. Tboimas was editor, and for a longer lime 
CojitributOTi to a aemi-mudUbly Journal devoted mainlj 
lo tiw cauae of wonaiu published in lUchmond, lo. 
IXuingtbe KebellioD she wa« occixpied much in collect* 
ing and distributing i^uppUea ; and a poUiOD of the 
ibae her bosband, O. Thomsw, M.D^ and henelf, bad 
tharga of a boNpital in Tanneaee," 
Dr, A»» PiUEfe-n»i waa bom iit December, IhZO, in 



ma 



b4e 



VOMBH OV TUB OHSITOBT. 






We«t Grove, Pono., of Qualur pwiUgv. Sbe «t» » 
profcMor in tfao Woouu'a ifodical College of Ptn- 
fijlTonia, and at ooe timo the ''deta." 

ILlcqbl L. UoDucr U dow the deoa of Uut latci- 
tuttotit and a fliw lecturar oa cbemistiy u> tJie oMdkd 
stadcuU, Rs tbo vrKt«T am testify from the evidem af 
n cWUght^ eiir. 

Dr. Mkrct n. Jacicso^, of BcHtton, u dcMariAf ol 
high pUce UDODg ibe phyaid&nA who bivo doCH pM»- 
Doer work, and helped to make the path eiaeiw Idt tte 
wocaefi vho cotuo aftttr llieiiL She waa Um damhtg 
of ConsUnt Rifles, C^q., axkd wu bttni In IlAjdwkk. 
AkM^ SepL 17, 1802. in 18S9 elie marnod Rer, Joto 
Biibo6> a U&iversftliM paator in Hjvtfbrd, Coaa^ 
aficnwd in PofUaadi H«. in the midat of tdfl 
hor huebgad died fiuddcnlf, Icnricg bnr vnth tvo 
dren Ut supporU Sliti ftt once opttsei a Mhool 
jrooDg ladiee ia TorUand. ^Supemt^aditif: ber bovM. 
doifig tbe eoiriag for h^nalf mad UuLa oom* emdjfig 
French and Spaimb with a view t^ aaaking hmdt 
toOTVt ooinjHTlriiL w$ m timelier, and ginog Iwoae ta 
drawlDg oa Wedaesda^^B and S^iurdaja, fiUad aroj 
hoar with tbi upooU] work ; ukI Um ttnremiltii^ teB 
toon begaa to t«ll u|ioa her beolth." In lKi8 i^ 
marridd Capt Dnriitl JaciMo, aad MUODod the pbm 
of moUier lo liU fomr ociiIdr«a. liar two aiadd eiis 
the £uml7 s aad to tbeeo dgbt mora of their cwa v 
added, mftkiit^ her the mother aad »U|tfaQtb<r of 
loea In aU. Mn. Jookson u a remarkabU wo 
abe could acve- have acooini>liahod ao mwdi id cartdf 
for the pbfvio&l nad ioteUeotoil aoeds of her kiyt 
f&milf . 'J'he time came aft^ her haihaad'e death, «id 
the children wera cM enough to be left, that ehe IMt 
hcnelf »t Ubof C; to take a regular ooune oC af odj 




WtWIZN PUVatCLAKR. 



&i\ 




V^vrZagiMxid MctUc^ CoUogt, Uvoiigb 8ho had pnuy 
tised Blreadf eighteen jeara in Plymouth, Maj»- Sinoa 
roceivtDg b^^r dj|>1oiniL, **«Li> bM lirun o»Uibluh«d in 
<D, codUDduiding ft l&Tge and lucraliro practice, ami 
umtNinDg mmotig her f«twiiU aono of tho fir»t fum* 

ea ui Ubb mtjr aitd llt« ik4)ac«iib towiiiu Too fully 
pied bj her pTofoMion to dovote moch ttm« to tmy 
tr irotk^ Dr. Jaokdon ia an t&raeH avmpaUiu^r 
iriUi the reforms of Lho d^y, and a judicious frloDd to 
ber cvQ tt«x. Bwnr year of her «ucc«Aaful aud beneS- 
oenl Ufd bAs been aa eloquent argument in fitvor of a 
ooro thorough «iucation for voman, itnd hor i%ht to 
irork in any field of La\>0T lo which &he fdols attracted/* 
Long may her mothorW preitQncv bo ftlt among the 
reformers of our times I 

Dr S±RAB A. CoLBT was bom in Sanhomton, NJ1., 
May 31, ld34. Her parenU wer« Ebeuexer and Sally 
Colby, \rho had eight cMldrMi, of whom only two sur- 
Tivtrd ; and Uitli of tliive aro vroinirii jiliyjudans. Tlio 
inteUigetii father boa*' |iaa8ed on:'' the «ic«l]ent moth- 
er aiill Uvea at the juItilucviI ago of righly-fQ^ir, her 
mind aa active and her heart aa kind aa ever. Both 
their datightora trero educated at tJ»d Sanborntou Acad- 
emy. Sarah devoted come time to teaching* mean- 
while chcriBhing a dceirc, corty fclb. tot tho etody of 
aediciae, which grew wilh each pauing year. She 
»aa aomeCimee intemiptdd in hor atudioa by ill health, 
which giiva ti«'r during; u^atmcfrit an opportunity of 
oWerving tlwt an au&olute need exi^U for noble Cbris- 
tiaa woraen with «tn>]ig jndgment and large tciontiiio 
attainment to occupy the profe^fonal tleM aa earnefit oo- 
laboret« with iheir brotheta for the beudit of KuEfcring 
hamanliy, and eA|>ecially for the help of ti»e!r own aex. 

Dr. Colby studied in Philadelphia, and, afWr gnulu- 




iromcr piTTsiciAXft. 



648 



l«ep gnttitudc. Tl^ fint ton jc«n» vere given to 
fcmilf priuitice, ftod the reraauiitii;; oQCd to offic« pmo* 
tieci except in cavM of 9pftci4il fmor, I feci thj^ tsjr 
life-work ill atUl Iftrgely in the futmc. 

■* II7 fliAter, Mrt, EfiTnSR W. TAnx)R, M.Dm m^ born 
liro ynuB taler tlian mjMlf, in ihe stmetowa; educes 
tion, &0., macb Uie eia9> In early lif^ che marrictl N. 
P, Taylor, Enq., of Carabri^epott, Kus. Tliay Iikve 
ooio child, ft daiight«r, nonr Mrs. 0«orge Ruflton of 
Proeport, Hl^ When Mw, TuyUir dcehli^d tn M«(!jr 
uiedielDe, she waa notily s«con(kd in Ler efTort^i hy 
hnnhand Jind iluiighter. Shu gnu)tuit«d fn>Di ihti 
[lathia Mifdicftl CoUega cf Chicago, Feh, 22, 
rs. In 187''j »he become ft mcmhcT of th« Amorican 
itateof IlomctdiMthy uid l^ lloinceopftthio Stat« 

Fedtcft] Society of liluiois. She ha^ r larg« and aqc- 
pnctioe in FreeporU 111/' 

Dr, Colby's pleasant office,' aa tbo writer is weU 
RWiire, is often thronged with palienU ; and her sqoOCSS 
in caaeo that have coioe uoder my peraooal oheervatioa 
fa>v% Dwrited the praiM and gratittido expnMeod, as 
well as che pei-^uriary reoomp^nae which each bna a ri^ht 
to dvsirs. Her attention and skill bavo gained tbo 
iTicrative pnclloa which such a ''beloved physician*' 
demrres. 

I>r I.TDIA A. jRMKiire (who haa alrewly been oten- 
tioned aa a preacher) waa a prtictuing |>hyMcian at the 
tJina of her dratJ), and with hrr huH'mnd* E. S. Jenkins 
M.D^ waa conducUiig the Uy^euic lusUtule al BJRg- 
bam ton, K.Y. 

Dr. Sakah IIackETT i>TicrE:f90» b the find woman 
admitted to iho Amencan Mcdicnl Association. Thia 
admission waa (rrantedin June, 1^76, "Tbc ThiladeU 
fhia Evening BuUctin " of inno S saya, — 

I If WwtB HtTHi; BMMft. 



Eb& 




WOME:? rHTBlCIAjtB. 



£45 



from her Suia UmTcrsKr at Bloouiustoii about ten 
jiffm ogo; ftnd g&ve her thu d^rgreo of a doctor of m<tdH 
doe In her W^omsa'^ ^fedi^^al CoUegd of Chicago, fiboat 

^H As sba WW e(Iuo*bacl for a teacher* she acted iP tbftt 
^^■[lacit^ fmui the Limo xlifl gnulttAUxl till five jriini ago, 
mwa/a«a|jTincijj^; aiidrorheraervioesmdiaMottotiAlie 
bu rocenrcd tho Stat* ccrtifictito. Flro years ago sho 
vreat to Chicago with Iha purpose of ftdoptukg UtfiraLure 
as a pumut, aiKl to that end began a course of scieii* 
tiflo atudj, 00 the aciuiitide voa tho fttylo of vHtlttg she 
p fo fci yi : d, Frota tho cloTDcutanr etiidlo« of anatomy 
aod phjaiolofi^, abo (C'^uaUy b^aaine intorMtcd to 
knov mora of the ^ huiDan form divine." and so trfia 
ponuaded to take a fdt medloal jsoune. Two of thc«e 
five years she spent in Bitrcipe,yiiitinghoftpita1Staciend- 
btg cUnieet and a ooune of leebires in biology by Prof. 
Hnjley. Thv govfrnor fjf otir Stat« gave b^r a oom- 
mikHion tu Un; Rxjhnjitoii in VjRTLiia; and idir xpi^nt |im* 
vaoationa trarelling tbrougb It&ly, FrAnce, SwitzetljLnil, 
Germany, Qreat BrUajii, and IivlaDd. When nhe re* 
tttned to graduate in the Womau'a ilospiul Medical 
OoUcige of this city, sbe waa elected Taledictorian of 
the clafi*, and, after graduating, vras appcbted to the 
chair of ph)'<jiolo^' m the «^imo coUogOi and attending 
pbysiciau to tho Hos^iital for Women and Children, 
which posiUoiu #lio ;w>w occufuos. She chariLCtemtio' 
^^ywritear — 

^B^Humgh in poasossioa of two titles, profoAor, and 

(lector of medtciDO, I never tise either, only when I'm 

obGged to. I'd so much rather Iw plain Santh ilaekott 

eoMou, wiUiMit preAs or ctufflx. 

* The path I luive chosen, or mthor tfa&t IdIo wluch 

re 5«/n jntMhrd^ U uol a paUi fi>r Lhu ambiliuuH m 



frU 



WOMJEH or TUB GXKTUEr* 



tbme ddboos of Euno. Dm caa »|Msiid ft lif^tiflk* 
watntilio vork vitbont Mig kiioiri] oocmUa of tii 
iiBBMdJmte cfrda. If thd unouot of vitalitj wUdi k 
Mtrg^a puu into « nngW op#imtioii, <u- UuU a ptipicba 
vxpenilj te * csfTjing ihrough ' » single gmc, or tW » 
plir (biologist oMimma* io ft «ing1« IfwtnrF md «iporH 
niTDl bcArm kin rbcfek — if ibe vww fttuount of coecgr 
VCTA couk«<t into letten. ftod publiabtd am litarfttvt. 
the AUtbor'a name vrould Ix? benltJed ftbrottd hy «nf7 
tongoe* Tb« greotost UghU in oar prnfaaricm ft» W 
kaoira, ercn bj MUDft, Qti1flid« of the profwiftp t fti»4 
yet ia not « KieoUfi^, oooACicntioai phymwifta oftit of 
Uw worU's trucat phUftoihropuU 7 " 

Vtrj BweetJy Dr. Sl«rftnWMi oddlfl i -^ 

" A# to my rstigios, I vrua liora fttkd bfou^^bl up u 
the Uethodi&t Cfaonh, aju! «xpeet to lUt in H. My 
{ivtiUft varo Epbcopftliaui ; bat ih% Methodist wmi ib« 
pkHMOr cbard], ftiul my pftreou joined U ntbcr tKu 
b« withont « bome. I retain my ucmbvihip b tte 
tame old plftcse, peferting Ita lUtlo bovDftlj. Innbli 
ftlur to any thuig f haTfl found clMwb«n. TfacM^ 
I bold Uhenl viqw« of Cbrutcuiity, and tboui^ iim 
CtKBiM of God have Lded lu cLwi ma ak a Bntjetiafirt, 
pcobaUy b^cftiue of xmy atudlM. I sUU cUfig to tbe 
ftwect r««tfitl foHb of my cUIdbood. TIm bat place I 
hare ever found wfts at my luUfited motber'ft bet, wkcs 
I prayed • How I Uf tavdawu lo«lo«pr ftml tltf smt 
iMMntiful viniou of lift* J Jiftv« «rer koovn* in wbca I 
Mitr44 that four an^U watobwl ftt tbe fiior ]«Mti of 
my inmilli^-bfld. I took with groat dbtnwt uptin ttt^ 
thing tl:kt t«iida la rob bumauky of iu titut in Grd/ 

Dr, Sectuimjo Ins nut be«ii idle wiUi h«r poo, 
lelt«n, easays, 8k«ichaft, Stc, Hvr 1-ook meniinMf 
*'Wnmcn SciiintUtJs " u Dut ifw hHt,it U boptd, 
vhlch obe will blt»3 Uuf workl. 



WOHKK PllirSlCLAKe. 



647 



Dr. Sarah R. Adaaison Doixgt was 1>OTn Mftrch 
U, 18-20,Biiii «ru grwluated in rocdielna Ful>, 20, 1851. 

PliiWU;l[j|itn. 8bw wiw married lo !>r. Lh C, Dollcy 
Jrwfi 4« 1862, &Dd then remoTed to Rocheatert N.Y. 

[iring thfi mater of 1869 And 1870 sho attended the 

!iur^ of Ito^t* Bouchet, ai&d Girvaldca, ^f Lho Hl^ 
pitol das Enf^ns MoUdcstftlM ft epccuJ couree it tbo 
£co)o Pratique of Ibe Fae^tj cf Medldne at I'aHji. 

LIS joor in £urop« wm tho firtt abgeoce of any ko^h 
OOltUllOIlGitl^ |>nM*tioD. 

H«r painfull b<>rQ&TCTQ^nt in ihe d«ath of hor hodbani 
tli« 6lh of April, 1872, followed b; incTfue of cirv 
ftnd Uhor, seriously told upon h^r lieaJth ; and she ftf^alo 
kmit a vcason for rejit ar.d travel. In bolH of heir vint$ 
lo Kuro^>e «he has tici|mlDt«d Uer^lf wiih the gm£ 
UiAt<inikDa1 and poithologiral coDn^tioDs, lK>lh in Great 

lUin hi>d irn tlio OmliimiU aiut hu visitud th% noted 

ipltaU. and baa made Uie jouniejii wMnetliiitg more 
MuonA of m»i and ftigbt>-<«oiBg. 

**Tbo Woioan'A Jounial'* pultlLnbed a pata^rapb, 
fbtblj from the pen of Grace Anna Lewis, conccrD- 
her able addreeo before the n^ooun'a Medical Col- 
la^ of PbiUdelphia, wbere abo lud Hen auppljing the 
plaoo of a tfaohcr for a Muodt aa foUotrt i *^ 

"Tbe guevrell addnea delivered recently bj Me». S. 
A. Ooll^, M.D., bcfon tlw Woman's Medical Col- 

>t of PhilaMlelpbia, U marked by unnatnl iDteQeetual 
ability. Its sjiirit 14 catfaoUe* end vrtU be eonobUng to 
vromen In any Toca;ion. Mrs. Dolley iraa one among 
tbe first of tbo womvu vtlto vtudivd and graduated in 
BMdJeine in AineHca, Stnod tbat tinw ^ baa b««n 
tagqged in an eit^nsive and lUxirious practice, gaxuiug 
experiancK, nuintal irigOTt learning, breadtb; and poai- 




iroami riiYsiriATiA. 



649 



nen, m^iiUto lU mti^^nty, add ti) iU rQiM>un:ea^ Aiul 
exftlt the moraU of tlie proffssiott« time slone can (ell. 

" In mj nludont dnj», and long l>efoiF, niy h^bc»t 
anbitiott vu to belp to open tip to womoa a highet 
pbti« of tbotight and labor, und, for myeeU, to bo a 
«anfal aod akilful pUjuciM. More than a quart^i 
of m woiUuy nocc, when I Sr^t opened n modicnl 
book, I little dreamed of the poeeibiUtios of women of 
this contennial jcatt when uniTcrvitj instniotioQ oan 
be bad in Amerioa, Great Britam, Franea, Qenaany, 
aiul Italj; ai>d as litUa dreunod of their daD(*erB. 
So muob reraaios for womezi lo do, that now I am 
Ul ooQtent to bavo onl; done tba dutiea that did lie 
neamt to roe, and wbat ' even my enemiei, being my 
joAgm,' sa^ tbut T have done in this cltj, — made U 
FMpectalitn tar u loiljr to pmiitiMi mrdicino; but am 
■Imoat appalled bj wbat I aow feel to be ai urgently 
doDkandcd of women. It bcoomcs a qncation whether 
Ilia women who write aod apeak, and who Chna dispel 
fnjudico and cnliffbtcn tho puUio mind, arc not alooe 
die notable womdn of our time, of whom future read* 
en may care to know ; and i\ios>o who oxtW transLaled 
in praottce tho Idea upon whiob we etaked onr all^ in 
the aaeofltption of the need oi wcxrcu aa phjaicianA, 
have iMoeasahl/ had tbse, lhoug)it> and hand so ooou- 
pied in the pretiminiuy stuHjr reqnisite, and In the 
daily round <if ptx>rt:»5onal terrice tJuit followed, that 
we biled aforeh&nd to ask if we were wanted, or tc 
declare otir ccinvii^Unnu that, wn witre needed in the 
pnafeasfion. or even in auj way to settle onr sphere 
it alL 

*'The Gni thln^f demanded seemed lo be tliai we 
nast demonfltfotc that we oould prac'JAc modicijie 



we 



WOUKK or THE CKKTUVT. 



before uking wbetHvr we mi^Lt do t^: ukI Um 
tlioogbt, Um^ aod skEl requireU lo mmke Uiii powUt, 
fi^riwdy iatarfeml vitb Kbstnct i^ady uul lit«nr; 

MH)ttlt«llieDU 

'*I think il rfttlior remarkablo tJiAt Uhs raorcnaat fat 
di0 mi-(ltcjd cHluoaiicm of wom^n n^ tiol praonbd fay 
an/ iMw^pajjer or (iUlToiid agiLAUoo-" Dr. Dolli^ 
pwatfl were llickute Frictidn, but lloguoool Uood 
mingled tvitb tli&t of EogU^ Qookotii «bi1 dw, bda( 
dittowacd firet for murjis^ one who wm not ** n mcm^ 
b«r UDOni; Frieocb,*' ftflorwank tutit^d with Um Coft- 
^T«gfttioDikl Church, utid u i^t |ir»cot wor«h>piBiif a 
Ikor boBM) in ICocbcstcti N<Y-, with the rnfthTtoka^ 
She ftft/^ " i Dcrer fail to be inton^i^^l ia ihe pnt- 
pority of the Chttrob eruneclic&l, by whaiimr 
oftlled, sociag DothLng hopeful for wotoaa, u»d f»(» 
eleration, o-jt&ide of Chiisttan elerotioa." 

Dr. JottEPHunt B. Mix b aow |>rmctidng in CUcegOt 
having been gradiuted in New York Gty^ ftnd pn^ 
tieed with siicoom In thu cicjr «nd Tidnity tor % ttw 
years. She waa bom Mnnh IC, 1SS7, Co Wheelxif, 
Va., u'bither tK'T ptireDts had mnoTod froa Wntao 
New York. Sbo in U» joungofti uf dghL chQdnitu flhi 
began her wotk iu Ufe witb ttiaduog for a abari turn, 
actiDg ae okik in a ilorei and tuing tb« DOodle ; tb^ 
was tnanied. and wae ooe amoag the amy of wide 
whose hnnbaodfl died for liberty. Af^crrariotta 
nud struggles, aha oointiiaiieod the atody of Bkedieiaa 
I'biU'JulEihia. Sba ilotidedi howorer, to attaod 
Eelectio MediooJ College of New York City « and holla 
the fii»t matricnlattolk ticket ever giran by that iaiili- 
ttition to a woBian, and the fourth erer iasued tn a^ 
alcdent. Dr. Mix e maiden oas)* was D«sl«r; aad ea 
ber fither*fl slJe she is a dcseeodaat of BeT. Oi^gosy 



UiHI 

doBfl 



VOftlXN PUTB10UK8. 



551 



Oeit«rt who catna to Rhode I&l&nd in 1640, uid wu 
iL« pcnon&l friun'l cf Rog«r WillUmi. He vu dift 
flnt pitottcal printer wbo camo to this country, end 
MroM tJui fourtli ptLttor of tlio Daptisit CImrcb in Ptoti* 
tl«oee. Dr. Mix is a deacendftut ot iJie eldftttaon, la 
the seventh g^n^ralicm. On ber mother's Ktdo &h« wda 
alau of BttpUvt HtDtsk ; ffir hi^r ]!iod:i>r*it fatJirr wuk 
BoT. Am Turoer, a BApti&i miui^ter of Wcftei-o New 
York, For mmoy yram tihti ^a* conaoctod vrlih the 
aftme deaoDUaelLOn ; tmt in 1S7^ imitod with tlie Uol- 
TcralifltiK Acd u now connected viih l^v. Dr. Kydcr^a 
church ID Chicago, in vrhich city fthe ]i« busily engaged 
in ft benevolent entorpriw uid in the work of her pio- 
(cauon. 

Thoro moat como a doee to this iocoapbt^ chapter, 
Thu wUb uisfit that «ome wonun of the profomoo 
will yet ptepaie a L^e toIiudo c^iHieerninf; wemGn 
phyridADS, u the author hopes to do of the womon in 
her own profe^oo. 

" Tbe Gahtxy '' of December, 186^ bu an artklo on 
•' Women ss Physidaoa," from whEch the fuUowlng 
pan^mpba are tAkcn. Speaking of the Phllwlclpliia 
Woman's Medical CoUega U U v^d.^ 

" Suheequenlly a womau'e botipital vra^ founded in 
eont^ecticiQ with the college. It wcn^ into operation in 
18G1. Moie than a Ukoosand i^atienlft are tjeat«d aimu- 
ally in the sercrnl dcpnitmcDta of the bo^j^tah The 
rcflidenl phyddon. Dr. fona.ma HOBIOH OlXTBLAND, 
after giadnating in the eol]c{^> added to her experi- 
eooee a yoar'e roddencc in tbo MaUrhUS at I'luia. 
Dr. Clevcbtiid al^ fdh the chair of obstetriot, and 
diMaaea of women and children in the eelloce, and 
ii emJPBBtlj soperior a» a practitioner. At a lecturer, 
«he ifi lucid, eloquent, and tfame^t. 1» her eoeial and 



woaitui pttv&jeiAN& 



553 



i 



Fftrtlter infamivtion enub^es th« author tciiild of Dr 
bctb C. Ki-Ucr tiiat li^r mitid^ti tMmv v»d Uox, ftnd 
bom in HhIT, nonr G«t^bu^, iVnn. Her ^nC 
(1 W1I4 MtLUbi.ia McCotat^f, who UUfd i[t 1859. 
Itaring lu^r villi ono boh. SIi« ^iprrliil^^iL^Al sii or(>h[ui 
wylum iu Laiiouitvr, Ptfiia.. (mm 1^0 to 1>16T ; tbiui 
mftiricd George L. Keller, of UiU citj. Wm gTAduatcd 
by tii<} nboro HMiotioiHHl mcdJcol coliogo in 1871 i con- 
dticUxl ft hofpibU ami dbpvnaary in Ued/ord Street, VhW- 
ftdolplkift, BDocfiesfulJy j aft^rvard aooopt^ tbd |ioiJUon 
of ruulent pbyKlciim mI tbe Neur Bri^ADd Ho^jiliitl fiv 
W(»fU4iu iukI CbiiJivii, in UiMtuii. In 1S77 Ih^jmu \wr 
nt nKcwaful [rrfictkx^< in One of tb« t^ulUul aub- 
of BotsCoOf wbvn wiUi bor titniiy ulid rMidee> 
er ttuoc!atr» Vr, It'-tU, was bikirn in LSIO, nt Vietina, 
o. Studii-(i rn vdivu wbuola, and tritb b^r r»lh«r, 
ivLo wfw fl clergyman, LllJ In 1868 slje began liie aCiH)}- of 
m«dictoo '*frocu |Kirv lu^v uf iL," ud nUi: Hiyti. Ity Irncb- 
log attd throvf b her ova eiloita aW fiijinb«d a full coiiiM 
of itndj in college, grAduftlcd ia \til^, and ^oot into pn- 
t«t9 practico in Youogatovm Ohio. Dut Mi>:; anxious 
for hotpltul practioe, lit throe y^ra acooi>toU a p-j^itluii na 
■uarirtant in the hovpitnl of wUieb Dr, £H£u C, Ju<Uoa 
tnm mud^^it |B^yjii<^i»tt, hik) fmm Uio-im?ii mtiu* to J,itiuii.tA 
I1aiD» iu 18TS| wLfirv ehv iiovr pr^icliccs with sucocvf, 

**Iii 1856 (he Nev EngTaad Mcdkal -CoUogo wai 
diutvxed bj tlu9 ArauacbuHulttt Lf^iAlaltiiti, to ho lo- 
cated ia Uofrton. ^o far lack a^ 1844 tho subjc^c of 
eraplo^-i&g fduido atteiiiUata for u-DnK;ii liad cuga^ Uio 
! jn of Goorgo Groj^ory ; and in 1S4S hij brother, 
1 Gregory, opened a medical tchool for vomoa 
Till) oollvge ha» ateadHy pfrtgvoised. Over fifty tUou- 
acd doUanbavebeen t>equ«;itbiTd to it fmm flifT^rrnt 
aoorcw< Some remiirlciiblr [■roHd'jril hLutleiiU liave 
nodvod the degree of M.D.. amorg wbom may be man* 



WQUIIN rilYdtCIA?(0. 



55^ 



dreri, which vm oiguicod io 1801, fumlabea mmiiUa] 
helfi to lEodioal stude&U, Dr Mab£B E, ZAsnziTr- 
BJCJi u fltt«Ddiug phyud&D, aad Dr. Homtb &. Storor 
tiieDdiDg euigeou. Orer £tq thousand potuDtg im 
manuallj tmMd, vjthotic ngvd to natiooalitj or oolor, 
funushiDg in almost infinite variQ^ of di««a8e8. 

*' Thu Ndvr York f nf:nnfl.rf, under oharga of tho Dn. 
Bla<!kiv«d1, hiu matx 1&^0 giv«n reliof to over fortj 
Ibousand irom«n Bid ehildren. Ovt?r nx tlioounij 
vera TcdpiGniA ot ita charity during the pass jear. 
Uoro than ihlrtj Atudonta h&Yo enjojcd itK pidvaDtagoa, 
and tfrcDtjr nura«a havo b«on tAiiicd aud ofilalUftlied En 

Two phyatoianB who^a saocoas I bair« had opportuutj 
to notice, an- Dr. Madtna F. Dullftrtt wifu of a Wwy<)r 
ftf Jrtnu^y Chy, and the uitU^r of thitt lAwycr, Dr Sarah 
Delfari. Th«ae ladtea Inve sb&red or;e olUce for niany 
jeata. and won tuuvvml mapocLaa practJliotiart, 

Tho *' Phrenolo^cftJ Jonma] '* aftya: " Db. Alicb 
B&i^yvrr U chief physioUn in thn ftunftLo dcparimcnt of 
th« KorrnCown Inung Aayloia; Or Agncw Johneoa, of 
ZaRMTiIJo, Ohio, U aa»i&bant phjrftici'O] in tha Aifaooa 
(Ohio} Tr»anp Asjliim ; Dr. Mar^ret Cleres ib the chief 
|ihmdaa at Uia Suite Hi«|iital ht Uw Tnnau« ut Harii^ 
boT];, where Vtnt. Jftno Carror and Aona KugW aro wk 
Aotanla; and l>r. Cmcna tloon has lau^lv boen appoiatod 
M Moittant to Dr> Ki^iardboa in Ui« inauia dapartment 
U tba Philmdc^lphta Almthonsa. 

Let th« Ustl of women phyHtcluDtf grov until there 
a^ eiwugh for awry uity, tjtwn, Anii hjunlift in our 
land ; noneiiibering (UmJ^ Ui Iho fcjuttlo tn;ui lu wrll an 
to the mule may Cioero'a worda apply : '* UomintM 
ad PtoM nuUd ra pr^pius ai»r<Iunf, ^uam $aittUm iffrnM' 
bm doftdo} 

» ^»|«luao|'iiitiQcav>i>t<rvMli*)batft/totb*a»d«M b; gLrliui 



WOUUr AS BilAD&BJS, ACTOBa* AHI> BIMlBBfl* £57 



aidtf; her anccator. Robed CuahmAni Wo]; one of the 
bfttKi of Doa-eonfonabl9 iu UoUaDil. a pari of vrhuii 
ktno in *^Tho iliiyflowcr" to oW Tlvmouth JU»ck- 
fer ftuocator i»m« orer Ui the aticc^odii^; voa^cI in IdSl, 
in Uiii« to prcnch Iho fint itnooa in Am«ri» over 
priutoiL He Ihtle thought his dcecenUant would maho 
kis lumo iUitstrioiu on tho ctago- Her fnthcr woa a 
^^AtnnfftCtufer of jihJp-bread, nod vu quite lucocutftAil 
nuuijynrs. But roTcnoa canM : fao died^ utd the 
ipertjr uU pR4Aed into the baods of hia pariiic*r. Chnr- 
loita wu but Aboat twelve yoara of age : but she waa 
Ifrealij cluttitH&ied bj^ thtf fact tJial l):o widow and flv« 
chllditiD flhould bo left wholly destitute, eveu the 
bouseLold funuloTQ l)oiiig taVen by IImt jutUlci. SIiq 
Towed Ib^Q in hei fooug heart that the ivoutd ^%m a 
auppon for beriix>tkcr, that abo would becomo richex 
than tlK partner ; aud. aa she heraelf staled to tbo ^rit^ 
€f, abe did lire to soo the doy ivben tba^ partner came 
to her, ati<t begged for help to «avo hitnaeU from bank- 
ruptoy, aud alia had the eadsfaetjon of heaping coala of 
tire ov hia head by furniflbiog the required auoi of 
tnoney. She was hia finaneial auperior at loat; and he 
waa doubtleea aaharoed of the part he )iad played >a bar 
early daya. Sbe be^an ber public life by lin^g at 
little exhiLittooi and concerla. and wben qtu'to young 
wttR a niemlHT of the choir in (he ScbooWtreett Church, 
a-bem Rfiv. Hi>;icA B;t]lou wan then [irt^achiug* She 
was l>aplixwt in infancy by llcv. Dr. PrjiUjcIy of the 
[lillatiAir cbunrb, Sbe vuA always libeiixl in her rell- 
fua vIeiY5, at^d retained to the last achcciful bopo in 
i'e gi«at love for all bl^ cblldrcti. Ver^* early iu 
alio felt ii her duty to aid bei mother, and tbia tiUal 
re waa a3way« Eaanifcetcd. Sbe cared for her tender- 
ly many lon^ yean, and waa Lhe atreogth and eupport 




itfS 



&SS 



VOUS!f Off TDK cnUTTtTRT. 



of tfaa wlio!« bioilj, aiding her brother* toi»ttltalifo 
esiplcjmient, and i^oriiig fur hex mUir liU Xhnv ni no 
Autbur tiiN*d. Her slAter, SOBAir (ki8BlU]i, ra ab 
Mtmra sImi, BQil pljvjrcd Jutiot to CkorioUo'i Booml 
Her BMiriaige with Dr. &[iupralt of Eo|;)ftnd led to het 
IcAving Uic 8tag«, &a ho irw a chcmaat of woaltL ^ 
hor fir^t buaboud, 8u3Ui had ooe boo, wboia CliariflQa 
adopted aa her own* and to whom aha left tha balk af 
hor propartT, a« a taotfaer natuiaJly would. Um 
CuflhinaD b«g&n Arsl to ring in public t bot^ harToict 
laJling vUJa in New Orkaos, tb« wai advbad to ^ ea 
tba ataga, and did ao, appaanog firtt in l^dy Ifaahatk 
**It waa a bold Ortt it«p, bot U waa aucoattftiU^ taka 
with a consaioasD«e0 of her powers. FroiB thu tot 
pfrrT^Tmiitnc^, i!oubtto«agrt<atJy !iBpn)T«d aa aba pm^ 
outod h«f art^ abe made iba charaot«r bar own j and ll 
1« alwaja r«0)fti»ef1 niM of har tooii Aatjnctha^ 
part«."' 

On her retmn from New Orteom, Waa Ct 
appealed at tba TUivrtrj Tliaiire b Hew Toric 
But " her porfomaaocos ben, Uta prooaeda of w1 
were deroted to ibo snpporl of her lunfljr. ware isl 
mptcd bj iUocea ; and. before her health wm raitond, 
the theatre waa destroyed hy fire, and with il an hit 
tbaatriea] vardioba was loet." 

Maoj were bar diAconragenantA. Dark, hoora eaat. 
when sneoeee ohooat aeamed hoptteai ; hot aha wai 
unduiiritod. Tba force of her obamoter wm neca la 
ber peneTeraoee amid diffloaJtlea in Ihoaa early dayv. 
•awi?l)ajiin her pnUcnt atidannoa of extrena vaJba^ 
lug in liei lu^ti ^cani. It waa in ICtST. whUa playiog ai 
Um old National Theatro. that aho appearvl fbvt ei 
Meg JklerrUicfl, a character whieh her Impenonatlon bil 




VOMCK AS KEADBES, AI/TORS, A^iD cmQZRB^ $59 



ttD^rrfd immoriuL She then pUje<l at tbc Park Tfc«- 
ttrc &» leading actress ; ftnd there it tm m 1&39 that 
•he inlToduccd her aw*€r Sa«in to the olcgo. '* In Uita 
flr^ perfonnsLikcCi in ft play calUd * Tho GeDo«se,' Cliu- 
Icttie nctt^ tJvo Inv^r Muntflldo to hor fli^tcr'a Laura.*' 
She went to Piiiladelphia, find in 1^1 app«A7e<l on the 
itftge t\-ith Mr Afac^r^trty, wbr> rtVOg^kuti h^t mnrrnU 
I&ns flklity. StioTtly atier, haTing galoed liigli poi itl^m 
in her DALivc Und, she left with her nbtrr Tor RngTnod, 
ftod vas engiigetl ul lite PrlntMJi Th-eairfl in Fehniarr, 
Ift-I'i, in tJic rluirjjcl^r of Hiiincai in "Fazio/' Afle/ 
thift cnnw " l^ly Mufiltetli, U> -xhirh Ui« ht^?WMt prftiM 
irofl given by tie f^ondoo critics. Tea roerltn were unl- 
TCniLlIr c<>nrr4lrd. The J^^Qf^ Mid an nhle trritrT in 
'The Athcneum/ had long been iraitinf; for a greni 
nctr^ftft, onr capnhle of PtiAtaining the gCTgcous majesty 
of the Tm^^io Mtide ; awl the desideratanu he oonfes!^ 
was supplied in the performance of Mira Cnflbman. 
A^irn, when n fevr vrcek5 later tthe acted Beatrice* we 
are told by the fane jonraa) how ehe *efaowed her 
nsiud deoi^on and purpose in the aMumptioo of the 
charac1er-<^nnlitlefl in which at present she ha^ not 
only no rival, hut no competitor.* In Jidta, in *Thfl 
(InnchbaclCt* the tren new laurels, esp9cl&Uy In the 
fnorn fnrciMn pmuagr*, Wng jin>noiinopd ' tho otdy 
aeireas who bin at all approached the firsl r^jjrowD' 
tatiTG of the chianicter- She ahto mcecKKfully acted 
Jiilliina, in "Tiw Ilooeymoon,* Her Porli:* hia-h ad- 
mircd^bitd herMe^ Mcrrilica estAbli^bcd as *a pcrfono- 
anco of fearfnl aiuj ptctTir^sqne eneT^\ tcaking a giond 
unpTeinon.' In the foll-Dwing season ILve Cnsiuaaa 
pkyed an enj^agcaent aL Haymarket Theatre^ in ivliich 
die appearc<l as Roveo to her siater'e Juliet. The hu 
*ertrai admired fee ite bcnntyaixt ddieaey; and Ll» 



WOKCM OV THE CCKTOnv-. 



fciriiM;r, iirlule ns4n]cd aa a bold vcikUuv, uxtl ia 
dtgreo u an excc]iUonal fierTonaftncflf wbb il«»i<: 
BA 'ono of the moi>t cxUthonlinai^ |)teoct» of acuuj. 
ptitbapt, cTcr cxbibiled bj ft vonunt — nusouUnt tft 
dqwitmeot, orUfllic Ui coDCOjiUout coiajili'U i& exnn- 
tioQ, pot4Uvti ia its niiirit«, boUi ia p«rt» uul at ft whvkt 
ftnd Buooefr^ol in ita iiD&wdtftU impmnuob.' 
Ciubnun oLfO ft|i]warc>cl in Uij« scsftgotieat lu 1*jiii« 
IhU^urtl's GiMk tmgedy ; miul as Yliila, in • Tvidll 
Nigbt^' to li«r cifitvr'ft Otiviji, — to wbicb thoj ««Tt 
tntich ftibnirocL CborioLtoV Mfg Mcfrrilioi. ftgftlft r» 
pent^ly &<;t«<1, Secmme b^r most popoUr pcrfomwice; 
and il \itM noticrtl bow, out of tbo niM|nft 
of tlj« dmuitt, alio kftd by bef aUll and dTcctiiv 
tBuiu of !jj'*p]aj created ux bUlurio wbalct ^ ft trii 
of art," 

Tbcfio mic^owca wcro coBli&ucd abn»d. 1& 1511 
Mi^ Cuahmoii ji^q pUycd ia Kcw Yurk, luid OoaDji 
ni^a bhlhaot eoricaof porToi-aanouat U^i prindpftl 
tbeatno ill Aoicnoa. closicd mUi a ^ivvteU bcDeftt U 
Broftdwmy Tbcatre in Now York, in M^y. 1^3. Slu 
Mteal bock E4> Eti^^Uud, but ciuii« a^n la Ib^T ttt leak^ 
auciher tour in ilto States, in the coon^ of whioh dii 
Kctod cikii pout i>f Cardiftftl WoWy, Udng proboldy tii 
flrac woman who ever person n ted thfti Gbftracci.^ 
AgaLu «lw weal to Lngliud, v\wn «b« bad a lo^J, 
bocue, and wbera lier «i»tar and lirDtber vera 
]Ubi*d> Dot ftlji» C4t»r b«dc to Aowncn, aod pi 
fuftj^ei^bt eunAccuU^t; nigbta lu Nvw York iu 1j 
rovinng her poirorful npTOMttUUoa of Iva&cy SyW 
after an ij^tcrral i/f turvftty yeaia. Sbo ahttitly aftai 
tailed for Euiojm), and her Joymliy Ui tJia Uoiiio 
oc»upicuoua tiicrv ; in LSt>il tbo carna back, aud pUj 
Ln bcbalf of tba SaiiiLary Cocuuttfiou. addtaj[ vu 



rOUUI Afl ftBADBAa, ACtOBft, A^D smfiCAS. 5(^1 



ght tbouaand doU&rt to thftt cbuitAUo UAtiooal fon^^ 
In ISn eIic rcLumcd to AicericA to ilie. SLe IcQCir 
Ibat ber time was Ehort. but the tame invincible ^nttgj 
wu moaifert- The OMiAtAucd c»f tho queen'o aurgcon^ 
Sir JuDOe Simpaon, iva^ eolIsUTcl to |>orrorm for h«r a 
fnr^col operation* in Uio Itopo that her lifo migbt bo 
proLin>j*6d; but in vain. Sb^ had four years pvoQ to 
b€T 4u b«r ]c««o of lifo by th* eniinont pbjsicUo, if 
•le f^tonMd to her native ur, Sbe came, and lived 
nestrly five, to great was Ucr strvDgth of €OQBlitotioii» 
80 |K>werfa1 ber imjumitable wlU. Slie naa noL mtT%ld 
to die; buU liko Alice Cnrcj, Blie**loing>Td so to lire/' 
Hiny HtiflVn-rt Mtinlurtjr, \hv oiu) \Tztb bi*r ]icn m nflir^ 
laenL, tlieoiiicr with hi>r voice boFore tb^ public ; and 
ibo latter mml bave been the banlor Luk. -^ a Spftrtan 
beioiuo. an berac patience] llci £arewcU to tie Etaf:e 
will not fioon be forgotten ; and the pioturo of the 
great irageditnne teceirin^ &oca tbe great ami ven- 
crablo poot a laurd crown, for her pure lifo and 
great genius, ia a picture that wJl not aoon fade from 
the tDcmory of tho thousands wlio behold it, or the 
Tflat army of readers who deli;;bl«dl/ pemuMl the 
newspaper accouDEe of the deserved ovation- Then 
^be gare herself miUnl/ to reading: and her motive 
w»a not pnrrly mercenaij, though she h&<1 tho largeat 
priceai ever paid to anjr reader. She said to the 
irriter that sh« hoped hj herself reading she might 
bring up Lbc profrjecnu of readern licfnrA tJie publia^ 
and tbuB help the largo number of young glrlH who 
were dcsiroii:} to road. Slw said abo that &bc cbo» to 
rejul from the play of " Henry Cighth " beeauM Queen 
Katherinc was a rcprcof to all Loo^ idea^ conccming 
marri^re; and ahu ^vishL-d to bear her teetimouy in 
favor ^ tho ganctitv of that relation, and the wicked 



IW2 



woncN or Tint cjwtubt- 



of aiwcripttiral divorcee* fa til tht^ «bfl ihi 
her tma noVililY cf eoul, «Dd oto^ k ttJunli 
vitb ftn act of hif^h momlilj. 

In ft bcuuiftil vij!a not fta bom ibt totudlif 
Kewport, R.I., ^ spent the list f«tr iinuB«o of Ki 
nrtfaly ttfo, in tho loved tociM^ of hrr Crirad 
Subbliu^ ftDd the Camllj of hftr idopted von, fWitfafUt^' 
attended hj the colored »nr«at AaIUa Mercnr. wUi IokI 
beeome more fnend than Mfmit In her thirty wtmn 
end tDora of oarapttDionsfiip vith the WTMDea whia* 
gtcfttocnt WM u ooDi<|)tctu>iui in the booie circle at ra 
the boaids. imoa it waa tho greatiuae of nhftimclcr 
weU u ^nius ; ukt from th^t laiiuiier rotreit iht 
10 her native cit/. ivh«ro Abe died el the Perker H* 
end vrns buncd bum Kinge Chepd- Uef romeiiu eo v 
rest ia the ttpot nbe bcivelf eho»e el MocBi Aiiben. 
0ejing, " Ii commands a viev of belered Bottom. " 
One of her many fiicade,' icctntjjr rliitijig Ueuat 
AuboRit wrote a poem from vblob Iheee etinim eie 
taken 1 — 

■* 1 Uugcr kng aud borloflj 

B«Ad» tbo apvt wlun Bm Ibt lone 
Of Jmr ntbo Btood «» fravilj tjva 
AkLJ Mftht anoihUAor tta 



No gnalU pU« or •mJptiutd ara 
E^saki ol b«r Tiitoa ov b*r lave t 

Btil loarbli, ilafnket tm har lUa, 
Bean eoufrht aare lU* — her 




LouiBA WooDWoRTB Fofti b JuiUy rvgardad by tht 
laq^ nutjontyofljroeanD-ooiiiinhleiaftod judges «f good 
■eedings aa the heat reader b«fi}T« the AjaeHeea pebiiv. 
^a ocrtoinljr faaa been the tnoat auoceeaftil in winninf 

RUIIv. 



^ _^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^B 




^^^B 
^^^^H 


b LUULSI£ >VUN;UWU|fcTH fOSS> 


3 



modicDoes KgiJD ud aguQ id tba Mice dlies ; aud, for 
Uer lure combination of gifu wbi^ l««d to aucccm iu 
bcr profbaaon, is deoerrodly ooimtcd ftcnoo^ tio tlrat 
voman etocutioniiittf iTt LUc worltL 

Whtlo ChAtli>tlo Cjshiuaa W4a boforo tlio publio, all 
eyw Uimod to hcr^ tbo well-UcMrr^ fAmo of tho 
mctnas BMistui^ in Bocimn^ tbo hmo of tJie roodcr ; 
but, now that vbo u g(>:>v, tbo piibliij goDomlly lM>k to 
MiB. Foes as the wcmao reiulerwbo satUdea Loili cyo 
ftod eitr in cultiviUal ditdiencM, und •vidcus mn int^- 
loctual compTchiODtdcu of tbe «ulijoi'ft nManiog wtuoli 
U M ntro ILK il b aoccpUbIs, 

Un. Fucw Li a uutiv« uf TbelfuH, Vl ; wu itdiuruted 
At tho feon^owbat. cdrbntcd Tbotford Academy, uid 
becamo & tisiclior- Svtbretjucntly .n!jo ciomnd, imtl, 
aficr ft fevr ytujB of hoim life^ adopted llw proCesaion 
o( An doootLonist^ itadjfiDg vUh Pn>f. Bttztcr of Hat* 
wd College. 

8bo hau now boca before tho publio for Gto euoocttiTe 
■eftflooj, hoi engAg«tQ<-uta extending through tho pciu- 
cipil oitjee of twenty two Sutea. 

Nothing beLt<*r hnd ovtr been vrritton of on elooutioa* 
ist than Mn. Maiy A. livenaoie vroto of Ifn. Fon; 
and plAoe U given 11 hero because ll 5s n orodlt ta its 
Author's wonisnly sympathy and apprwUtioD, as well 
as A deserved to«tiinoDy La Uri. F<wi as a reader : ^ 



^ ■ Wn. Pn«s will rt^d in my parlors thU oToiiing, fur 
tilt tiiUorUui^meul of a few fticiudti: wrill yon come aud 
hear her?' 

''Sur.h was the iavitaUon of an old-Lime Ai»iUfunb- 
ADcot whidi I baatenod to Accept. For I had bc«n one 
of Mn. Vo^s'n aadi^Dce in I>orchcsttr, two ycAre bi^OEO, 
Aod ictaiaed a ploeaAnt memory oi tho evening's entor- 



S66 



70WH OF TXB CCVTVBt* 



tahuDenl. Hormror, I knew tlut sbe itm b«tt« 
hearing Dov tlt^a th/cn ; iwd tlutl alio had bc« 
BludeDt dniiDg thcM two iatorr^ainff je«n, wm waaB- 
tioua of Uio liiji^heet osMJIeeo* id bcr mrt, u mil « of 
tho lorgMt ftttcOftn on tbo plmfona; and aH thioq^^ 
tlio wicUr, io Hev Cikj;Uu>dt I had btird lje«aiD-iMi»- 
Diittees mvfltion her in t«nu of pni**. 

"Other cirauDuUiiCM bad given toe nn interest u 
tho tndf. Scatt«i«d hem vid Uit^n!, In Nov Engltiyl 
towcm, I had stamUed on her Cotoicr pap^ who 
dwitys [DftDifofttwl ft t4ii]4Tr eagf -ra w to linow of h«r 
■ucoam ; spRakin^ cif hvr in s n&nQer tlmt wa» cnvflK 
acatary to her girllah psU'snc^ Ukd abtli^ u » IcAdur. 
In occatfloiiuU tmu to lier hiuhind'a atndia. J had Mtt 
that aha wat bb b€]p«r in ensorgencicfi qttrto a» ho«« 
in the dctalU of his ^t, n-odjr to tkroi han with r^tt- 
ftbli sugi^Mtioiui u to tho ;mm of a sitter or Ih* ^txptm- 
ISO& of A p^ctoro. I knew a1*q Ibst abe wm a 
tcoomplisbed hoiuowife, de£t witb the iM«dU, ud 
proud of hor ftbOitj to work muroU witb thtt Mwiac* 
saobl&e, I bad Mm, * with mj own of^ Mbf«fV' 
m«nU of b«n in tba dranmakiiig aju) mfUinaiy Una, 
which might lead many a bahiot»bl« MMHfU to braak 
tbo Trnib Commandmont in odvj of b«r votaaght natfTt 
akilL And otte oveaing, in tho ooontry, I had flor- 
pxifiod bar at an out-door gnmo of romps wkb bar littla 
Mven-yeai-old I3ddie, wbt^ fleet aa tha winged Marmj. 
bad challenged hia Okother to a brief foot^noa. in wbick 
bo bad won. Aa I witnnaod thoiT taflny fiollat ud 
tbo nK>tber]j love-scena in which it andad, mf hmtt 
went out to both, aad 1 rooogniaad, in tbo aapiria| 
«rUst« tho true wotnan and taoder nothor. 

''So I wafl glad to aeo aH>ra of Ur«, Fom, aad at aa 
aarlj hour eouj^Lt tbo houaa of mjr friend, wboaabfit 



rOUXN Afl KKAIfCJiS, ACTTOKA, UfD SiHUCUS. £67 



Hj li;:]ited pariOTB 1 fouiid wcU filled by ft oarfi- 
y Miecud, but (omswlnt cold »nd critical audienco- 
Fonr dorgymen of different Bfioti irora of thd partf, tb» 
Witiro foro^ of ono of tbo tectan>*biircait», Mrond 
ptomiuont miLiJciU people, a teacher of elocution, and 
momben of three lyOTuniKiomioit-ii-PK, wlio hnd nccvpud 
my frieivI'M invitation, &h jlUq hud |pv«ii !t, * viilhan eye 
to bosineM.* Mrs. Pnu wu a itianger to bII, only 
thre« or four preseuL tciving aood b^. To nail well to 
that calm, cold, prejudgiiig anembly of leaa thftn a 
baodrcd people, was & uore diffloQlt tU&s U»& to road 
wbU to a Boiacdlaoeons atMioblage filling l^«nioiit 
Temple. 

** Tk« deoorou* boti of rabdued ooBTersataoD coaaed 
at tba lady reader onterftdt aioarttd by ha hondtome 
huabtnd, who U as proud of aa ambitious for his gifted 
wife. A yoimg woman stood bafbn) tu, fT«sh, winsome, 
bright, and oheery, showing perfect health in her bril- 
liant eonpSaiion and weU-muud^t figunr^ who bowed 
to OS gTAcefully, and greeted ua with so pleafiant a amilo 
as to bespeak unin«diat«ly tho good-vrill of oTcrybody. 
Her Aguis waa fiue aud eommaoding, httr dr«e» atylUh 
and boconuDg, and her cuiuicr digm6ed» perfectly eclf- 
poMcnod* aad fieo from iuperticiali^. Sbc began to 
read ; her edacatod TOice wte moidc ia ita ercry tone* 
Clear u a nilrer beU, rMOoa&t and fiesible. it is copabld 

^^d ezpreoaiDg every grade of parson and emotioiL 

^^piowQ to bumanity. 

' "She gave ua Lonfi^fellow'a *S&Ddalpboa, the Angel 
of Prayer;' and cur Iienrts throbbed rtaponaive to the 
beaeeehing, iroplohcg petitiona of tboee who, * burdened 
with orosses,' poor out their pUinla to hcnren. She 
redted 'The Charcoal Mao;* aud wa he^rd the oft^ 
n|eate>d eohoea of tfaa dUtant hilb^ aa tbcy gav« back 



VOUBN AB BKAWm, ACTOItS, Ain> BiyQESS. &6£ 




ftlui«ked for ■ lii^p J ' uid we rocie luilf vaj from 

fieste t& our dotdxm to go to nid licr. Lmiuls over 

tlio rivet A brink with wi<kly exlon^led antus, fthd en- 

connigQd, uid te&dcrljr osborie^, axKl limvcly usur«cl 

Unif till bb band gnuped li«m» and In? iraa mvwl. 

And (be liUle parlor ttudimice went wilJ vrtth ftccUma- 

tjuu aA llin fair rctuli^r ^ve uji a piclun? t)f tbt? SoiiLui 

e &uutiug ou tbo bauk, now bcld to tbo Leart 

bia overjojrcd Las^Ot who Uimcd to we«?p aloud 

itb ^euiteacd at the penl abe bad oDliccd blm to run. 

gbdacM for bu mlvatknii 
"And tboa camo a t^Adin^ (torn tbo * Midsummer 
t'a DnMua,' iritb another from ^ Alacbetb,' aoud- 
ed betveoo aoJovt^ona from Marie T^raiaa *Iuui>- 
oenta Abroad,' aad Mr*. Stovo a * Okltown SUnioe.' 

" Our i>rogramrQe waa Ion;; and varied- For the 
audience kdou cook tbat matter into their huudfl, calUug 
out for what tbej ivanted, like di:»era a; a r^if; bo 
that nro wcitj tn.*iiti?d in genvfoiiH meaAurcf to a perfect 

R'a jM^rida of eoiuedj, tragedy, narrative, dialogue, 
d parody- 
** Nobody fieeiiinil to remrmWr tJut Mn. FintM migbt 
< wearied, uutil it waa wdl ou to niidaJgbU And 
ea hcff audicuco crov<lGd al-out bcr, tbe ice of tbe 
eariy erening &U tb^ved away, to ofTcr hearty con- 
gratulatiooa and cloqucDt thanks, wbilo the members of 
the ibred lyocum-oammltteeei linj^rcd n httle to engage 
acr for their next vrinier'a courao of eBtcriaiomeots. 

<* Lat«r ill tie bcuon I was prcaenb at a publio rettd' 
mg givon hy Mr^ Koaa in Doetoa. U was for the benefit 
of •oma cburity, and tlio ball wna located tu a detutely 
peopletl neigh l>oTboo4L. As the evening vras WAna. tbe 
windoWK of the ball wuie flung wide open, aiul wbuU 
fiUDUies or the bumble people in the immediate vicinity 



WOHKV or TUB CUTTUftT, 



Kvance^ trito the ht^k yardi, or aovgbt tb« oootoov 
Ukd hour frnm o|wn vmJonm or oqIbt iloontvpa. Tbf 
prognuiiiTie fncluiled *CliaHi« Machire^* irbi<h Mn- 
Poaa gftTo irilli grvat diTunnUo effect, Aa nhe nr|>r»t«l 
thn AppcAling cTj, ' If«lji» hrlp I or bell flie ! ' ttUetvd 
by tbo ScoLcb iBSMd vbo 0C<n ber loroi liak in thi 
black \ir«tcr, tho Qot into it m> much of nti ftffoiij ui4 
mortal terror, tiiat It sUrUed Ibo amoki&g. (OMpaf 
crowfb bclov, Strughtvrfty tiMiro weal itp firoa tkclr 
BkidBt auch shouta of, *3furdirf mmrdfrf fJW« a 
ir(Wi4ii'« wm / Mp ' ^/»M -' ' U»t two of tKo wmtebfol 
oilj ^uatdiuu ribbed tip the tUirway, tbree it^i i* t 
boQTM], atid, oluU in banil, stood before os, rttdy to 
arrott the auppoBed violator of Uie law. 

"* Mm. FoM bu yontb, health, awl Ulent ; and, wiik 
the Uudablo ambidou vUch now moTw her, the world 
win yd bejtr more of hrr. Ae il fa, ahe Is already vcD 
known to tbo pub1Io> wtdi^b has acoonled bar no 
meed of pmm, and of raorp mbalantial rooonpRnaa.' 






Maooib Ikfrrcnsrx. bjr narri^e oamad now Ma. 
Paddock, ia among ihe favorU^n of tJio dwaln-gotag 
Amoricao people. She luia a peculiar apdtade far 
the rcptcseatalioo of ofatldhood*a waja, and ia her 
tnimlublo pertfooationn of '* Uttie Barefoot ** ac^ 
" FanehoD " baa woa dwerrcd pniu«. ilcr " Pearl c( 
Savoy " b aL»> tiiocllont, but her forta liaa in bar gran 
ability to preheat obildlah waya. She la mkd t« be • 
woman of great moral worth, and riehlj to daiafre the 
|w;;imuij Hoocesi aba baa achJered. 

Fankt Datbhpobt and Ou^m \jooxn aad lUta 
Ttkxjd Ate well ktinwa aa good aoiota* Tha two tart 
in<:ntioned bare iiffod tluTir pern lo some porpOM. The 
laet has juat oommoDoad a aiiooaaifiil oaroar In 




'OmCV AS HRADSftS« JlCTTOSJ^ AND RHfOlCBS. ^jl 



CO 



sTitt Olive Lofftn has forsakeo the sUg9 slDoe h&i 
mttrriMgo to Mr- Wirt Silc«M» Rivd Kitviitrai yoting girU to 
keep dleftr of die stage. Thii^ was aha Mt^i CtiithmiLn'A 
ftclnco. She eoul ilio had never enooutrnged Kiy one 
to ftdopt Uie eta(^ as a profoEudon, and fthe ni?vf-r 
coQAcioiul/ hfwi e papil, though eho wh6 doubtleae ft 
l«acber bj bri^t Qx&aap!e all ber Uft* 

VAtnFT Koerui is among tbe acceptable aclresMa of 
ter dftjd, and most recentlj Hn, Pohbko7, whose 
stage nacw may be eocnetbiD^ diSoreot. A limited 
aoquaintan^e with the at^e« arkd a dcE^tre to make this 
cbapter brief ae pwaible, leads to a becocninj* hrenty 
b regard to actretMs. That parity of life and mcd- 
eiiCy at deportmetLt may be cotHiatcnt vith etftge We, 
Charlotte CiiKbmiui h^ut Khovn m; but Iwt own wordt 
delar one Croin enoourBf^^ very greatly tha jouiig 
omnn who mti woirk in any other department from 
4iptjii^ Uiiti jjr(iJeHAi''jo. Heaoe many n-grel tliat, 
A^nf A DiCKi»so:4 ha^ stepped &om the high plaoa nhe 
occupied OA a Irctnror* to any placo upon the board.-*. 
She may, bowcTcr, enaoble tlie etago aa Mlaa CDHbruan 
did, and help tboAO who net with her to noble aims and 
true living. It b certainlj an booest and honorable 
ployrccnt " to bold the rcirrrir up to natnro;'* and, 
the nctor'e private oIiimictGr ia above reproach, the 
Uycr, no Uj& than the writer or the beholder of the 
play^ U entitled to respectful oondderation. 

Among the au^er« of out century, and they are 
mauy, may be specially menttocod CjjiBX LotnsB 
Kuj^joo, Kmua AuKurr, Mtsa Tuuickby, Anhib 
uirn^BD, Ansib Ijovisk Carit. Jui-k Db Rytueb. 
d the IhiichinMTi UdJeA, Ei.i/.\iiiCTir, Veula, and 
BnT. T\te latter Imvcaltcstily hcnn menrionod among 
the rcfonnerv, for they have done admi^idjlo derrice 



her dTC9fiU)e> £tanda filways ready behind ttio fcviofl 
with a wiup ready to fold trcund her &3 ahe letrm tha 
etoeOi — httviog novfrr jet M^n bor from the froot, — 
ind ihldding bet tlwsTa oa carefully u a daughter 
could bo Bhiolded in a mother's diawing-room ; a 
daughter, in tbbi case, veil repityinff the oara by 
affNtion, uptigbttiess, and mve int^-ligonr*" 

Among thtr j'out^ uloi:nl:oii]»U u nnraod wilh plrJix* 
uxe S- Emua Co^tu^l or Noiv Vork Ci*y» who l»a 
nad wtthgtrat acceptance in aererAl oitirs. She haa 
alao an aptne^A to teach, which haa almdy hocD enjojed 
hj ladiea of high fod^l poaitkon. With mre dramatic 
powers, a fine, Hexiblo voioe< which she well knows 
how to laodalatet and with an aitUt s comprchciuuon 
of the fiecod she rcadA, Mm CowcU hiiLt £atr to wia 
many luunrls. Sho U now etud/ing the elaaitoa in a 
MaiiiD flcminary, and [irepuing herself for great uae- 
fulne«a in tbo ^tare. 

AjntA Uakdall Disol b a fina teaeher of elocci- 
tkui, and ba^ prepared several volumee whioh niiy 
grtatlj mbt studcntif. Shv \s editing nlso a quarterly 
for elooullonlats, whielt boa been found very uaeftd. 

Sha fwidisa in Kisw Vork City, hut haa tiLiig}it in 
Tariuoa parta of thn Udioq. Mih. Foaa Hbould have 
been raentioiMd al^o as a t«acber of ber art, who hoa 
bern Tciy aooccaAfal in itiiitnicilng IcarbciH In the 
publlo achoola, aa tlr«, DIM hoa aUo don«. 

M.\BTKA G. I'ovxEd ia a te«obcr of elocution in 
Now Vork City, and LAt^A M. BnoiffiOK, aiid tHo wile 
of Prof, W. C. Lynan alao, I'bo wife of i'rof. George 
VandeohoflT ia likowtw ft teacher there', axidt if tJie 
riaog goDeiatioQ do Dot lonm to read and apeak well» 
it will not be for laek of f*ood teaohera. omoni; whom 
may surely be EMntioned Ellek IL MiLKflt now id 



WOlfBN AS KKADRB^ AQIOltB, AMD SlKOKlia. 576 

"iSlsA Fott«r read in JerwvC%in 1875, and "Th^ 
Rvi^riing Jountil" tbuti RjFi-m?d Uj Iikt &udl]«)rn;aicUi]|pi: 
" Tkliss Potter's appearuico upon the roatram ts impos- 
ing ycl Dot ulitrufltre. Sho drcm^ with great twtc, in 
dark colon, ocd in plain but elegant stylo. Her fac« u 
mobile, and oapi&blo of fiLsluooin^ itv^lf loto a hundred 
vadotkoa of expreasion; bat Lor roice h the ^rard fo^ 
tOTQ, Its tOQCfl are ^taduatcd bctrrcrn Uva highest noto 
of contralto and the doepor t^oioa of a bantono; and 
Mm Fottor U thiu enabled to read any sort of odoo- 
tien wbatarer, so fir aa voioa is oo&oenwd- As Co ber 
abUitj to nad corrsctljr, there u no doubt what«Ter; so 
that taking theaa three Important elemients, mobUitj of 
featoie, flexibtlitjr and rangeof voice, aod the power to 
Gottttctl/ amjilojr T)oCh, we have a» artJat In the uue eeiue 
of the tetiu. ... A decided feature wae Mua Potter's 
lEnitjfttloii of a T^adiiigMilaw of tweotj-five peraoiia* 
How ahe poeeeaeed herself of the styles of so manf 
jonngatens thetr pconliar lookf, actionis ^<. and iras 
enabled to delineate them so ezquimtelv, b to be won- 
dered at. It was as if one were looking at and lintcniDg 
to a olaas, for a complete diffoxeince wa« exhibited bj 
Miss Potter in each por.u]naUcn. * I'bc I>eatZi of the 
Old Sqoire ' -- a rare old pteoe — was very fioel j read. 
The entsfftainm^t clotcd with pet«o&ationa of Mia. 
Soott Siddona, >Citie Anna Dickinson, Miips Olive Logan, 
and John B. Gough. Bach chAracter was girim with 
Lpletti change of drvsa ami 'tuake*up;* atxl, under 
Pottpr's pnwer, the people shit represented ap- 
to Uv« birfiirn tlie auiticnctt. Peculiar ntyle of 

livery, of dresSt of ntotion* of tnaDDer. of votce, of 
ittnciatioDf of gtnture, of walk, were all vo faithfully 
irtrajed that one absolutely lost eight at timee of ihe 
hfA that the thing was only an imitation. The audt- 
sDce was detighted* and sliowed it.'* 



£70 



VOWUV OF THB OBtfTPET- 



It alKmld not bo forgotten dvt the wvll-%nown MtKW 
Qoom'« MclodiM wcro 6t«C priftt<id in [I<iftlan, AUm. 
They w«r« collftntcJ by Tltonuu FJttft, fn>ai tii«i li|ii of 
bb moibertu-law. Eliuboth FoiMr, dAUght<Tr qI WIUiftM 
mrd Kllen FuMtrr, of CliKrUatown. MnA^i vbo mviM 

learned fiom bor mother And pvtljr originAl, to her mi 
ehitdrat in the b^ftringi pcrbikp*, ol b«r ton drp-diildrwi, 
and flimi: Utem lo h«T grandioo, till hii UUmt cattmaj 
tbem, in ITi^, and JODg mfunrards ihfl nng lb«a n 
cUi«r gmmltliildrm, and UiaIt TBti«i« bM goiMi oa to Um 
pr«>Miiit c«nt»rY, vn\ will not c^ami wbtio babtM tn»d 1« 
be ftmuftod or aootbetl 

Tim oh&pter ni^y qIom irith « bcicf rcfcrttiee to i 
atngon i ono — the hftlf^mooo of CbarlnUa Cu^bmAD 
Ellen M. CABTwiuaiiTt ud Ui« oib«r Aduoi Br 
CoOLtDOX. ItoLii w«ro wonNi bett •njoj^ m ikty 
lifted their voion in tlio fUietD&rr. and mQj 
tbo congnigtttion tc wonlup God- 

Mrt, Cnrtvright was tb« oalj dai^htet oT 1 
Wi^ld and MiMnor Cashman, 1alf-«kisr of tli4 grui 
tra^lwTui/, SIi« wu bom Id Boitott, July ST, 18 
uid was n stodent nt the ChuUmu>wn Cbovevit a( 
time St iruH diviroyMl bj a mol). fivr raoidcaJ ob 
vroa vef7 great* SIlc ^ang ai GCHic«rtat and waa a 
bcT of Ilia beat musical clubi^ In BcHt^m ; bat ao 
i&aniage. and a Smxatiy of Iwelro duLJren (eUrm 
whom survive ) . prorentcd a puUio carocTt for vrhich ■!>• 
bad tha ^mm aud tlia t^sta. SLe apcDt IEm Utl4*r pim- 
tion of hot life, aoote twaaty jeors or bo^ od tba ukad 
of NaAtnoket, whore abo vas ori^anisl and Gboriat«r <l 
t^ Tklctbodjiit cbiirob* and di^larod the muaical^aittV 
which belov^iMl to Lhu Ciuhman tunOy. Sba had inaf4 
of the dranadc ability alao, which, baing rvprvnd hf 
aoT famU; cares and reUgiom oonaaotliOiia, 



] 





WOUKK Afl &IUDBB8, A0T0&8, A^m BDIOBBfl. £77 

Id ftpUtodo for amngiDg tabloaiiz ind eondncting ex^ 
hilAtioQS. Of ft loYvlv potftntv and cLanctcr, Bhc vr«a 
ftUraotiTO to a Uige cirale. Her saddan dealli, of 
pntumoido, in Boston nighlnnd^, Aprti 2$, 187^ wm a 
grief to many far and oear* Her fanend wai attended 
from tho MetbodE&t Church, wbrro »Kii iriut oji uid^ 
btfgibid worker^ two clergjTnen cooditctlDg the im* 
praniye &«rTic««, the pu1[n:, nltur, and nk»kot beirg 
bcnoEiftiJly dcckcil with ihc flow^^rt die «; dunrlj- loreil* 
aod iJiu c-hnrch erairded with sincere mourDers. She 
Htill livcfr ill the hearts of those who knew hrr wonli ; 
and it ia ODa of tho ftwevt atiUcijoiionfl vf the wril«r, 
tiiot heareu will one daj give baok to her ilev "^foth«F 

The other giAed unger iraa the leading nngcr in the 
Chtudi of tho Vmijt Beaton, vbero she suddenly dM. 
'* PreTioiu to the removal of the remiuna from the 
residence of Mr, Coolidgo in Hotel Dearborn, Bosrton 
ITtgUands, the Eptuopal aervice for tho bnrirU of Uio 
dead was le^d by Rer. J. T. Coolidps, futher-Ln-luir of 
Iba deceased. Tbo ea«kot of rocowood was placed in 
fro&t of the alUr, nnd Gtirrounded with elegant Boril 
offi^rtRg*. The imrviving m^mberi of t[>e choir of ihe 
Church of the Unity, of which the vaj a naember, be* 
BtowedalurgokiKl elegant croea, vhioh was placed in 
front of the paalor's dealc. A stptendid cmwn, a lyre* 
and aavera! Iieauiiful wreaths, were added to these 
t«»lci(ns of li>r<? and estcrrTn. Thn facrrvicrM commenool 
with Ll*e Btngmg of the h>ma he^inniii;*. *I cannot 
always trace the way/ by Howard M, Don* The Rcr, 
Ur Savage then read appropriate aeieclions from Scrip- 
ture, at the clofiO of whljb he read an original poem, 
composed by hinucif for the oeoaalon. It ia aa fol- 
Wwa: — 




678 



WOKEf OF TUB CSKTtTWT, 



Tb««a-iw4iU»dT U«rB4Ufte*iUB 
BCHU tdgU «B fitiMT rfdM^ 

Aa4 «tuQ U»# vMtii^ ite Mat o«i 

Ob tb< pal* te»» o[ dAVft, 
7\o«^ bit ft vhUa to ««r tji^ 

ItttUl k««|« aUBhif ttt. 

8eatf dOm Mild b cM to Ma 

Tika llfhl vniM* folaf Bukai g«r al01 
Bbkaa tocaawhan aka a daj. 



n* loci llkal awe tbtfa- ««iU«r bm. 

Oxrn vaarj ol aartli'k faad* 
Wttk luatva 4m|:tfc BO travaUaff 

Tba loUiwaj n|i |o Gad, 



TU hua* »bo»e pati««il liix«n mv 
[Uto UU earlii> UUaa bj. 

Vitk IwriDff *kUJ hava Uk«a afk 
8aQ»a b%h«r vUtfiT. 

ThM mywt, Uitt fit* 06 loagm^ ba^l 

Tie Icaiar Joak 9t lOfV, 
Itew, «Uh a dMhUw gtaam, 4rtak la 



ne 1l|ia «ti^ avaat tOMa 
U aagvli ff«r««tar ant^ 

Tboofib aUaot han, «aka 
Vruh Ibair OMiadiaaa 



IM 



Aad, UtDujcb bn bo^ Uaa 
Our UToriU b ix^-t ct«ad: 
Ua riM« rmn Juk ilc&lK*! Irifhl Urtk 



Au^ ah^ u jwl GDI Ioi««l ou« «UIL 

Attd lora «s now bo l«n : 
Sh COO «w»r to OMn« ■«:«», 



Nor took ipDO hvr fien, 
If or lUtMk CO her Totce aff%im» 
KoT wtki Irer mijv uf givoo, — 

Ui;i W9 <!%ti kv«p h«r mtmory Irifbt, 

Aad vftik t^ w«j bIio Irod. 
Aftd kftow A* mdlA tiAllt v# «<mt 

Up lo Ifco bouM od GocL 

t0i iM ba thottli^t through nur (i«fi 

Tlftt obe WW ooTV >o loci;, 
A&d ti^ to Mil tAt tooM of gt\ci 

T^ttBOtA wlUt hor hoBvra-*ety.* 

" AfUr rudiDif thcae Ter»ed, Afr< Sbtk^ AddreeMd 
Uio ooogrD^iUioii ; in \ht cofitvt of hit reumrka «ajn&g 
ho belioTOd tLat thu nnirciMl appotnlnioiit of deaih wna 
jiut ae loroly nod as ovroot oa tliis Ufo, ^d that it was 
but A birth into A higbarlaippi«ruid «phoroof oxixttfnoo. 
Whftt wo call dedLb ii to this one a double imrDortolity. 
Thoj all knovr tbftt sho liad oontributod of ttio UnOKt 
Ukd DObleet qiiftUtfca of her Dutaro (o malco tbom what 
ikty are. II«r life had ontorod into thoin. So sht who 
had jwuod awjL/ would 6iul an Emtnortalitj of avrettt- 
0688 ATid tender meraoiy la their hearU. Sho has tiaso 
and goDo iDt^i a life a* tniit^ m high, oa noblo, a« any 
m can coDceiro; aud idie ia lo-day the tamo loving 
&i«nd that nhe wna the last time wo looked into hor 

Uar icinaioB wero takoa to Koroat HUU Cometorj, 
vlifire alao tho rt^iui^ of the other dr&r anrl Dobla 





CHAPTER XVIIT. 



WOMKy IN B-STSSSa. 



KH>ficf« IfMU— SmMiva Wr^;i«* Knuljr Kugglo* — Sutaa King — 
1Voia«D V EdoU Tdbdcra — SeiTla5-V<4aoik — VT^Tueii iti ro»L- 

Women Cleriu*-TlM Ana; of Worken In llomei, f^iom. utd 

Vlifv El to bf lb* *4cl« * Ktk^ . .' fli^dJ' ik^<fT*i 

IfWii bU Iba «niA^ Ml lb« «4a w4 W«Vl(i*<S U9 t-fiM." 

a** |*tnt>r|^ ttM her Dt«cbu4li* b cwd. BLa mabvib flu« UieoUh m»4 



Tff AT roman ha« ntwnvs Wen busy, dq one cnn 
deijy, Bitd l>iL«y to ^<xid |iurjM>?^ ^Iko ; liul tluL 
iromcu liAve Ueeu and uto " in 1)iiBio«tK,*' aeonnrliilg 
to t]i« IccbnteaJ or ineramtik ncwus of UiAt i>liiit«c» 
mkiiy may uot know. Yti it U true ; and tlie l>UHuiea8 
capucity of iroinan a midcnkblc. From Lbc inya of 




du 



VOUEK m B70IKB88. 



588 



, it W88 foimd that tUrtc niillioiis. or ooe-half 
tbo whole tjunibcrt woru t^jr^tiial in the indimtncAi 
«ad w«rQ indepeiuleiit snpportcrsi and fiomo writere 
«xpra»cd tlio opimoQ that thore ^t^im aot fifty tbounad 
in Eo.^lAod wbo iT«r« not in eome man&«r li>dQ3trUl 
And sclf-«v«taiiui]g. Tticxe ftr^ no e«fttti» rotunu ui 
tUfi ooactrj to give a similar class of hcta; but hen 
in UMvatchuMttM, nt Uw^f, ihifro U no doiiUt the pro^ 
rcoB is i^retftlly In advanoe of these English suUitliok 
Womao U qdw teen and vcIconi<»d in noarlj orety 
department of labor fiud effort. The Wt fiflj yean 
haw acen old banicrs brokon io\ra which ctfn naver 
bo mtorod, nctr areau^a opened vrbtch oau nercx be 
doaed, over which Ikx adTancing sUp had not )fetQ so 
aaoah tbo movMnent of her de&ign. tut it bu been the 
fnlGlment of her destiny. Thia band of social reform 
haa been gentle but roaUtlea.n< 

« Nor baa thia f^reat change in tbo soetal couditlcm 
twen tS<>ct<Ml vithout eorropondins ebarge in the 
cirU rights of vromeo. Here, too, MaaauehuaetU may 
ba accepted as a ^rpe of tbe general progreea in the 
United Statea. By aooeeoalvo stagOH in the legislation, 
conimencing almost imnediately afW the adoption of 
;hii Suto Conntjtiitlnn m ITfW, fnllfivvt^d up rn>ni intr^ 
Tal to interval, and ctibuioatiog in tbe avreejnng law 
of 1R74, the wboto forest of tliRto ineciitalitid bn« yielded 
beforo the |>araniouEit Gquitiea of tbe aituatioii ; and 
lo-day the pcrw>nal]ty, the indopcndonce. of voonan* 
ID eivit rights under the Uir, atanda out tlio crowning 
achieT-eiDCDt of thia Commonwealth. * If/ aaje Oot. 
Bullock, * the making of tbe laws ha^l been in bcr own 
bands, f do not b^iere that the^ could bo more bencfi- 
oant' Of like oaturo hae been the ohango of woaaan'a 
relMioQ to marriage. Tbo immunity of the aex na to 




VOMCV OF TUB cB3rrcaT. 




|wr*on ftDcl propertf I tbetr Hglit to rrieMtt (n>n 
BioD i^ncUatd tmdcT the cettifictU of a weddiflf, Ifciir 
oppoitiiQiUcfi of rctara to Ib'iir own ii»diifti7, tMi 
ovm ftJFi>oUoDSft acid Lb^ir vwn reUgtoc, tut ftdrwerf 
to a iLcgreo wUcb luiu tliur miTinl utd focU oieai 
dtic*; vhioU ju:>cortb ivith a clvUixatioti buQt up oa 
Uj» ovcrUirov of •cdataiticftl dojgiiutisa tiKl ^pef- 
itkion, too loQ^ received under Uio BMttm of 

WLtb UiesB cbang«a liAVo come nre opportnciltls 
«iit0ring upon l>tiJUbo«i pontaiU, uid gaiimig 
pfONperity ; aiiJ womea have gUdlj euterad Ibcaa 
dooi& A Kovr York paper myw^ ^ 

"Some outioos bets itlatire to vuioui 
c4rHed on in New York Cit/ b/ won«n vt nnde 
koova io the Utost directorr puUiibed at tbo »■- 
tropolu. 

" TliO prcpoftton of mon lo womoa la Uuboa wkm 
tbe womoa stand ae their own vepeeioiitfttireB b 4,479 
tromea to S7,203 men. 

» It u AomotrLat eurprudti^ to ftod a fow iromeB la 
eiDploTments ntppo^ed to ba eatlral^ aooiipoiavd tj 
and onl; fitted for mea: u, for oxaaplo, out of 7fi U^ 
Uuxl-ralixNu, two mro kept bj wonts ; ■jmI, out of 2,808 
lagcr-l»t?cr n^tfeoos tl>e ivropricrtont of fil am 
Tlicre U one fcoiAle Llo^kiaitli in a tut of llEt, 
ladjr butchen in die wiicilo number af 2013. 

" There ia abo in Ifao list of 588 naniea oem 
dniggUt; whidi li partlctUarlj wortlijr of aaoPtfcMtf' 
booauae a drugi^ must bare a dJploaa tsum a pkar- 
siBoootical ooUcfOt wbicU liavo nalj juri (in nn 
Inetanoee) begun lo admit them, and taiul aUo baii 



m 



WOinCH DT BOSiyZAS, 



MS 



m 



ftrrod prftcticftllj in & dnig-store three or fouryoKAk 
There b ono womaD sutloner and booksollor, ftnd 69 
omfta dtKUirs unong 1 ,63S phyaici^ofl : «nd, u tiprvpoB 
tlu« cotiti«ctioD, U may 1>0 ittatrd :SAt out of 153 
DDcl«rta]ceni two Bre woiofiii. Oil)/ oiii^ woman vrttod' 
rngnirnr in given mmong 79 irml«K; but there Bre twYi 
vTotoeu irvko'&re <lt>vru At the head of «xchBngiw)fEc4w» 
ihrt^ who Arc pavmbix>konk and five who are keepen 
of liTei^-BtaUea.*^ 



In tho fiarlf dBj:s of otu- oatiooi tlicro was a vrcmuui, 
then a»od, wbo»tt life w aa oxamplo of todiulrj. 
SrSAXiaA Wriobt waa h^r hooorcd name. We aro 
told that "fihe oever tnAniedi hot, after the death of 
her fathuTf became iLe head of her own family, who 
looked up to her for advice and d.r^ctJon m a jareot; 
for Hot heart vnu reploto with ernr}" kind Bffectioa/' 
And it U said also, "she was b remarkable ooonomlat 
of time ; for although Hhe hnd tbr conftfant mamgement 
of a ha^v fiimtly, and at tjm«« tif a pruGtahle lOftAbliah* 
ueiit, &be maflUrod many of IIm Eviencea. vrms a good 
I, liAtin, and Tlalian ndtolar, artiuated ncj|;hlMiv 
the HGUlemeut of cstaU^ and was frequcutiy con- 
Itcd u a fhyitic«an. She tocdc great dcti^^ht in 
oFDMlic inaimtictore. and had constantly much of it 
pToduccd in her family. Vqt many y«ani aho attended 
kJ the rearing of eiliiwonus. and with tlic silk, which 
ahe reeled and imjparcd hrivclf. nio/Jt} many articlvM 
both cf beauty and niilily, dymf? tlie ailk of rarioua 
colon with lEidi^noas matarinld. She bid nt one tune 
tipwaidaof Kixty yardaof excellcm niaulja returned to 
her from Great Britain, where &I)e had ^ot th« raw 
■ilk to bo manufacfurrd/' Sho waa a QnmkftreAft. and 
Ured more than fourscore yeara. 




WOUKN IN ItCaiVBM. 



OST 



« dnigglst-^shop.'* 1 The iiud«a of sjme of thow 
CRrly nlinpkf opvrs ucro once fjimilbir to Uh- wriurr, anil 
Uieir storea vera rerj attiucdra. lUcrBeL >EAato», 
Abbt Bcns« T.vfUA HoaiKR, Na^ct T1t»;scY, iboM 

RraoA cltiiEii< vrith llie inrmoHoB of chiMliootl vcrj |4i.iifl- 
Uj. SiDoe Uieu ibo dear old l^Uuid Iuh tiftJ i^iaiij 
aer wonjcn atctckccpcrj, — ScsAi* A^ Ua>i> (fiinofl 
}^CUUl), H-LKXAB FOOBtCJC (a r^dUifitl nWiLictiiijtt), 
I LvtiiA EtJCiN»i llA^iiUEEr Mact, SoruiA A^ lUv (4 
^lafiiur in teuel)* Eijnicb Paodoor, Maky F. Colb- 
^^^t Sabas and Ma£Y P. Swaen. athI oU»ra whoM 
^^■bdo nnt readily prcwnt Ihenuclrcs, but ftll wor* 
^lyottninwo women of :be owilurv. 

Mm. Dflll mytL^ -< In Penn^ylvmniJi tJio Quaker view 

of ibe <1nti«fi nnd rif^hU of women contributed to throw 

tsanj into trwlr. Orte ];uly in Philadelphia tmnsforred 

a large wlmlosde bosiness U tvo nej^ew*, and died 

waalthy- I wiw a ItitU^r th? oUipr dny, which gare nn 

lutere^titi^ acL-outit of ivto girln ^Int giit fierniLotloii 

thuTO to mI] a IUUp Ktoek id their fjUh&r's &1u)p. One 

begau wiLh ^ly-twu ceuLv which aIid invi^tnd id a 

doEea tap««; the other had three dollars. In a few 

Xeftn Llicy bou|^ht tlieir futher out. Tho litUc tap^ 

laUer nianicd, aad cairkd her hi^sband eijfht Uioumtd 

dollar:}; while the aa^lo «ii5tor kept on until ehc bod 

acdunolated twenty thoueand doUars aud took a poor 

bey into panaentbip. . . . Mrs. Banioy tolU us that 

failoT^ were very UDOOtoiaoQ in Nantucket whUe 

vntuan managed U>a busbMse ; and ^me of the laifEeat 

jfid safest foTtiinea in Boston ver« ^unlahed by women- 

• . It was ono of Xhit most di4tirjguj«bod of cur 

emercIiantR — Maltha BuckmUiiur OurlJ* — who 

l«d, in Pratntngham, th«^ first potatoes ever sel in 

' naC<inaf^tlH)tvlMl.«aJ|b«Ciiarv|)i]UbbadLBll«7. 



VrOUK!! Ut DOSfXmH. 



irorUi}^ of ffQOCCU. TkllM RugglfiR U ft d«scetMlAut froiii 
r^regrino WhiUi (tbo firsc chDd bom amrmg the Pil< 
grinw) cm her iDi)Uu;r'n %k\ei aod od Iii^ ratfii*rV & iL 
rvUtiVB or the familj of Tufts, a» n-ell u Ruggles. 
Ilfr fAtbcr ir&n ft cftbinct-iDJLntifjicturfr for nuu^/ vnon 
(ho Iliads Ui« ci>tSa in vrliich Tn^ John Adams was. 
Luncd. uhI hclpod pUoo tbo bod^ iq it) ; imd iw 
dftugblor iuUcritfl hia mooJiviical obilitj to a largo 
d«gn!0. Ditrii^ tLu wnr Miss Rog^c« wiui actlvoljr 
engaged in tUo SamUry CommisfiJon home vork, and 
wai ibo ag«iit of the CcmmUKiou in )icr tovm. Sb(« boa 
alvays felt a deep ioterest in the rttoum of the d!iy» 
wat ouo of the carijexL in-omon in MjuAuwtiusetttt olected 
to the office of »;boo] eonunittee, aikt b a ahliiicg ax* 
saiple t^ tbe (ncx tliat womca who have bnsinoss capfr-. 
rit}' do iioi neied to beg or starve, and can givtti the 
appfo\^1 of all iDtclligetjt lovBtH cf h^UDanity by tbo 
atnughLforwaid coume vrliicb iiil«gn(r and lHiiif>Ht/ 
proiDpL Judge Alphonso Tafi, bcr iclative (late 
Seoretaiy of Waft and new Attorocj-Gcneral), in 
wriUog to her coDccnuBg a geeealogical record of tbeir 
faniiljt saidt " f adiuire jour f^rvcreraoco in buunea*; 
,1 think jou moat he one of tho» womea who' 
beltore in women fthuiog in the mponribilitios of 
htULoeea, aod even in theae of politioal life, and In 
enlarging tho iphero of iroman'e activity. If m\ I 
agree with yen* I am for tbe enlargement and extei 
eion of iromeD*a legal and political power. 1 voold^ 
hare tkem ihare in the elective franclilae. Mjr wife' 
and I coDcnrin ihesa gent^al detrs. It may bo that 
ru;] haT(^ TKit gut mj f;ir aliiiig; hut. your carryirLg rn a 
iDcrcautU« buiuni^Ks for &o long a ttma lonikri favc^mljle.** 
Moiitiit:] mi^'hthe mado of CoLCUBlA Laxk and her 
three siatera, who have been «uooet»rtd In the millin- 



won CM Cf Auauosft. 



591 



In t^ "N«w ODturr*' for Oct 14, 1$T6. Is a pleas* 
uit rr-fi'renoa to k now liiiMDniEii for wntnen, — lb6 
mfiking ot fflrn4e&f mottoCAi — ihd fitds of which enter* 
prae origiciitod iridi Mnu Ax»A K. Wkatkk, who U 
covr Uborii^ noder the Woaun'a Pora^gn MlaKiooA/f 
Bocietj' ID UogoU. Soath Amcricn. lluodrcdA of 
woraen are dot amJatbiif in th« ooi^tniotion and »alo 
cf U>o«e lo%-cJy mottocst A(rt. I. k. hicnor^fl of I'hila 
delphift heanf^ at their head. 

It should hoTo been cnonttottod earlior that women 
hare had n buctdred ytmn cf experi«QC>6 in retail tndo, 
and also in hortictilt^tro, attd in Uiq relAtion of bueineea 
oDpartnoKhip, ha Mr. Ili^Dbon duwud by andent 
advertZ3«ni«tits, In •* The Wooud'b Journal " 

Id Urn t>uj^Ui4in of r^tng bn^ Mnt. FAdZA Tnnnift 
waa rery imccesaful until sertoiia Illue«H iutexfered wilh 
hvr 1a)>or« ; hut »ho tniW long nimigh Ui pniTe thnt 
b«»^uhure can ba acuomplihlied Uy womeit. 

"The Woman's Jourudl*' sajs, "Two girls in a 
watM town hi Ohio n;a a hLckMnith'^ nhop ull hj 
thcmaelTca, Tbo^dreas tn bloomer coAtutnoi and eboe 
hcncA jiut Ad & man do<:«/' 

Tho nun? of ScaAX IviNO mmt not 1)0 omilUd* 
fliDCQ aho is the prime mover of the Woman's Te% 
Compoaj in New York City, of whioh Mme. Dbuo- 
EEBT is tlie proaidanU Jilm Kit^ acoumnlatc^ a largo 
forcuno bjr rml-efttato trantactions, and then ntarlvd 
hvi preacnt hiujnesf. SIm haa been henalf to China, 
and onunineid teoa, and made tha acijaaiiitance of Uie 
marchanU, and la dow doing a aacoesfiftil Uislnesi on 
Broadva;, eettlng an exarapla of indtBtr}r and entar^ 
prino. 

Among the Intelligent and ancceuful bii^es^ women 
of th« oanturj funj be nomhorod Ihln. CitARtiOTm 



ivoMiiN m HTBnfXda, 



am 



of ihin^ Whrn Uie Urgf cnrrrrJ )j^giigiuw«gon 
uriveti in bout of a block on \he cot\njT^U(ia^ Uiey 
would deaccod fn>m tU droucd >n varionA and oiiUond- 
bli &iAliioti3 (dcnae of Lbe dresMS, perbups, haT^ng t^crvett 
for best dunog t^o E:ciMrnUt>iM), vitb hfur done up in 
(to U.4) atnifiirt iiBpofttib^e wft}% iLod with thetr anna 
briinfitll of bvulLioxcs con^oitiiitg all their worldly 
goodk Horo lot me pay a pawing; Uibote to tlut oliaO' 
lete sppondftffe to a iady> baj^age, — the hairlboi. 
U hu a Ken- England btHtoO' (kln>c«t coox-ol irilh that 
of l^weLi. Ii began to 1>« made in perfecUon aboat 
fifty yoam ago in Jaffroy, K.H., by a iromao named 
ItjUfXAH Dxria, who miDUfaetured tJie first nailed 
liaiMl*lKizas in tbpiMtintry, and msiilcbfintrirnrhlbrreby. 

"AnoUier ITannaJt — IIak^^aq Mors -*- always Uav- 
clted wJLh Uio imioort^U iMimlboi:, besidfw her ^great 
bag, liUlo l]ag[« IjoakeLi liundle.' The bandbox was 
cudo of all azCT, many of tbem being large enougb to 
b^ld quite a wardjoLe. Naw tLc onmiroroua * Sara- 
toga' has awallowod Uiem all up, aivd it ia my fate to 
cEiJomde th^ * laat of Uie bandbox,' 

" Tlieae ooantry girla, oa liiey yrcm oolled, bad qaocr 
nanoa, wbich added to the singutanty of their appcar- 
anea. Sanantba, Trifeny, Plomy, Etf*aidy, and Florilta, 
woro common among (horn. Thvy Eoon learned lbe 
wayi of t^ie new place to wbicb Chey bad come; and 
bfter paying for tJieir transportation they tisod ibeir 
mrningi to re-dr^u them-^vtut, urd ici a liltl? whilci 
vdre Ri stylish as the rest; for they had good New 
England UixhI In tbr-m, arLil bbnul IHU rrvn id factory 
|>eo|)le. In time uiocit of ibem diangdd tbeir iiaitteti to 
^Jnt^Mometliing; and latcr> wlieo Aodrew Jackion 
visited I»wel1. no peculiaiily of drcaa in tie ojientiii-ai 
Wfia seen ; but walkutg (bar deep in ptocttaion to bit 



iroME:^ Of ntTBiXEao. 



5ft; 



The poor mothcT wu injiircid irrcp&niblj ; but tli« cliild 
mil never l« bo triumpbatit Again, nnlens jt ui givtD to 
her to U»d tbo ftrenj of oqual suffngistd to rktoiy-'* 

A DotxoU womAc tiuaed Aiiv Suallbt has mored 
buildings, «ad cawed noD id her ^uploy to build half 
ft &ile of siddvralk, 

A iromui in Dorcbeeter, N.H,, duhoj; the illness of 
her hiubAod, tapped their sugar^rehard, cut her wood, 
gathered tba np, and made mbotit fottr bondred pooiklB 
of lagat. 

Ad mrmy of iroDaeo have h««u eDgiigvd In Wtub' 
htgUm, Ln this vmi^iis bioda of bosinea reijiurod in the 
Treasury Depaitment, amfuig tbem RxnuscA Whisht, 
lumed in 1871 to William DeoaaL She waa the UUle 
Quaker lady who told ShcHdan iiT>;njt Enrljs more- 
aaenta m September, 1^04. hy laoana of irhick he sent 
Julial whirliug doivu tbo vallcjr ; and for which be 
gave bor a splendid vratcb and chalu, atxi the Govern- 
aaent f(&ve her a profitable place in tbo CapiUiJ.' 

" UUa Lillle Sloouin ia tJw ovn^r and manager of an 
omnlbna linfl in Qtim^j-* Mnsi., upon whc«4 neat ami 
eomtDodioan wbiclus tht) pDopTr< }>^i>V u-itK much pride 
and 8itt«Cactioii/* 

" Mrs. SiielloQ, of Sftiita Clar^ County, vraa tbo fir»t 
la introdnoo bcofl into CaUforma, briajfint* tvro hivaa in 
185^. The siffarma of \k^ that now flj about tb« Pa- 
^fle Oaat are aaid to h9 the product of thorn two blrnn. 

No aold one of cJwra for (SfiO.** 
^KUtMbvttj Iklary 0U1. 0(j)>bler< A wbiLe cauvAJt ai^u 
Lb a r^d bcrd«r. in a window ut 278 Slulborry SUtdi^ 
New York, roada as folJom : ' Mm. (iilU Ifeot luid Shoo 
Mftkcr; Repairing Ni<atly Done.' Ure. Eliaabetb Mary 
GUI waa bom in Norlbnmptoa, England, and learned bvr 



L liiiiiTiliC MuUtlr* ou iMiimlim wiiiii*n'ft kitw to 
•M7 b*lviCHlln1%aWaBi»n't Jomnalfor J«ik*3, 3S7i, 




CHAPTER XIX. 



WOMSN' OV FAHH. 






*- It It wwi b> 01 vbm fl>t SUMcr <iitU 
.^f|>#r ail, 
*llkakk1i«J ■ • ^ olvklflllllo fT<H;nlnrtf« O* vtltf%i»ol fkBOi 1I4I b W 

HAD cli« linitu of \hif voli^ntu fit'Tralltcd, a f^vorUu 
idM, especially of Uie puUuhe; &&cl hta wife, 
mljCht buTtt beon ^lil^onkt^il in tliU chApUr. Ab It U, 
I lice mus: lie piveti lo the f.ict that th^re are 

[L ,_i of Wijmvn who "walk b^ f^^ilti, ni^ not by 

siglit.** Wtf coiiiit aiau>itg ihi^te nil lhi> CliHatiaa 
moUier^ ffives, ablcn, and daughter of wir lami, the 



vroMKK or rAira. 



690 



" Mabklui " (the jwn <#« p/usew by which H&nnob, 
tho gifccd wife of Moac« 0. F&rmert tbe iuvcnlor tad 
electrici&u, is known) repr«»eiits ooe vlio has oxhtbitod 
tie foitli ibat overcomes in tlio yAan of ificlcDOftg ab« 
hfta known. \Mi€ci rooked with pain, writing only ftt 
intomlH, iritli n poiicil, to (KBndN afBT, sbo wim nlwmys 
♦'Happy M&bdlk" Her poems wotUd form r roluiie 
of intvnnt; and oii u>cQimb of hor wnrk m wiir*tiitii-, 
tturagh ou ft uck-bvd« n record which would anakeu 
woind«r> Sho u n luilivo of Mdoo, tiut rrajdod long in 
Salcm, MusA, In tbatcJty i^ anolher lodv, Mtt* Euza 
O. Moody, who bj4» bcc& ft graftt KuGTcior for nciiHy ft 
third of ft ceotory. With tortured and distorted frftme, 
th« light of tho »oiU still l)e«iQi8 with cftlm ftad holy 
ndiiinco i And hor foith U ft losaon to tbceo in Leftlth, 
her chMrfolneea & rebuke to thooo who murmur. Ovei 
nil the luud ue thoKO pftle, patient, KuiTeriiig oneti 
(ROTU BitowK of Naotuckot amottj; thoiQ}^ who with 
the inlirmltiat of ftge, And tho pangi of dUeoue, ftre yet 
hopeful awl lejctcitig id the Lotd. Many of these &nf 
fcriiig onr« hivo wnaught woiidorft in tlte wfty of tcftt- 
tering th« seeds of'truib, even thoiugh tbej were 
CAnHnAd for ynaun to the l>rd or room nf Hicktiraw. By 
word of exhortftiion. by irntteu word of tiutb for the 
preee* by cAmcfit, fcrrcnt prftycr* they beeded tho 
pootto itijunctioa, — 

■' Drop tl»u tho ami In iho «vth, 

Asd kaov ihi flWNtmt hleulng of tb« Mm; 
See ham m nbaclc Uj Uiih b vT»|;hi: 

From th« euth^A Bitar> G^ wy«iiU the ■•rrideft," 

Thue wro:e Mra- Lcoy M. Cbkeusr, one of th* 
■weet young poeta who bftTe Uoiaomed into oeeiuliieei 
through tho &ith of (ho goepti. A utiTft of MUford, 



WOUKS or WATTO- 



rot 



\ Ow Ugfat from tlie liaarcnly pUeoa foil cti>on boc 
: viih KH an^l pfttkncet and & chU^Hk« fmllo, 
&a iui6ilUfnDg fkilh^ hIio wro' dotrn into tfao vallvj 

shft^ows. SliA pOMflued a keen and wld« Int^l* 
geooe. SliC v&s coiivcTsanb with public questions. Mid 
iiitQro»t«d m al) dioae moTeutQuid of Uio Ojlj' in wliIcU 
lier ktiftli&iid tiike* co promiacDt ft port. Rclirlng {>j 
OAture, ebo aroided inMinotirely oil ositectAtioun di^ 
pUj ; bnU where help And cncourftgcrocnt wsa ODodcd 
by uioUier, the latent poiret of hrr dtatacrtcr Apmn^ 
into Life, and thou «hc proYc>i bots^lf equal to ^oat 
eiecuiive dTcrt. No cms eaD pT%i^ her so eloqueaUy 
aa b« who loved her and knew her beet. To bear 
Sosator Wilson Hjfcak ef Im w^tfe irlion 1m} taught her, a 
little ^rl ia school : vbeu bo marriod her, * tb& loveli- 
est gift in all tbo couoty ; ' whvn Iw n?ecired into hia 
beort tbe fragrance of ber dailv evainple; vticD be 
ntnched over ber ilying, onlj 1o mitrvel at tli« unlnr- 
oncfi atid a^revflnw^ ntiA Kiutft}uiH- of hr-r jiatieuuei***Ia 
to le&m what a fofco for epirit^ial develoj>iDent, what a 
cpa»clo» itupUiitioii, ^TSA tlin wife to kor buisbaiid. 
Preoiotu to thoise who live ia tho legacy of sach a bfc ! *" 
Among the works of tutli well knetru in Ik>:»ton ia 
the Contiuinp1iTe»' IIixuc* carried oti after the manner 
of George Mullcr's Orfibaa Hou» m Kuropo, the 
laborers ankirtg (icx! Cor mctttia to curry en tlKir work, 
and roociving eid as in answer to prayer ; and witb tbie 
establii^hiiient te cooDoutcd a liuly knovti aa a dcaeooeaa, 
Lvar R- Drake, of Boatoo HigblaDds. '-The 

lion Journal *' roferred to her in Augu«ti 187.^, in an 
aooQUnt of a Methodist cauap-meecing held in South 
Fromingbam, )Ia^., na follovs : '^'Ibe preachers pliLc« 
was snpptieil by n denconoHM connected witb Dr. Chdr!es 
Cuili»*a Grove Jlnll institntion koovn as 'a work of 



WOHBA OF FAtrn. 



eo& 



The irlfo of Dr. Collis is « woman of fiuUi, loLoriiif 
rtJ7 and sncc««iifuily in the eftusd of Cbjtt'* rvp- 
Ltatipee, — the poor 
The (Jerotod, 0iierg«tio wife of the widely known 
"Father Taylor," WW & womAa of Caith. Deuokah 
D. MiLi-ETT vnut horn in I^UrhUh«u3, MiWK., Murch 18, 
1797, She was a wxnun of Buperior talent, of quiets 
[tgnilicd mnnivur, nf tnift, Hvinf^ Chrislljm •nUrrpriM; 
jtuU tba womAti to necond «1) her bx^Bb^nd^n eWt*rU for 
the mftrtDer- "Wbtm, ttftfr his coming to Bostoti to 
|Lreach to seamon, frho ai]o|it«d die 9o:is« of tluo Doeau aa 
BOOS* her fideli^ waa ceoAeluA* Never did she 
them in Ihe mectbii^a or at Ih^idc : tbey Tixre 
ber aoceptcd burden. A soilor-boy eiUing bcf6ro hor 
io moctiT^ woa awaj &ozn homei twaj from bia 
raotbcr* kiB wlfx hb dst«r, anud tetnpCatiODa i $xtd woe, 
VD« was on hor if eho prcnched not to him tbo ^orioofl 
of her Lord and Ma£i«r! Slie wu iMVer dt- 
&om spottking when she felt her SaTtonr gaT9 
a rooneage to deUver. She ottered It, whether In 
private clasB-Tooai where tbo pririleged (w met to 
e progneia, and to help «acb other, or itt the ve^itfj- 
m«<eting with it« larger aorlienc*, or the chtirch itaclf 
ith ita pAclEed Haitbc When idie arono, the dtgiuLjr 
geuUenaaa of her maDner, the pathos of her licht 
full roioc, aofl jet dUtinct, the tendt^nucm of liitonntton, 
the Uviahneaa of loving penuaaion, the molheihood of 
aool put into language cboioct etrong, and full of 
pover of beauty, waa mii^o aa of heaveti, with & 
'Tbn5 B&ith the Lord' added;' 

Those who would know more of thU aaintly woman 
are advieed to leftd the Momoir of father Taylor,* a 



vouu or VArra. 69? 

bftDdSt ftod brotberB luire. The Bacnsl momor^ of 
ntotbtr and aist^r, tlie wsdom uid dignitj of women 
of mj own rclfgioiu oonnttotloiu who hmvo beca ftceiu- 
Ir-D}9d to aonaetiiing like eqiutlit; in rights fts iv«U M 
ditty, my oxpomoco u a co-wonhipp«r with noU# 
mod tfelf<«jieHileii^ wotoeii as gnoeful and h«lpful in 
thdr hoineboM duttw m ihoy Are flmi And cotmgwms 
in tliftir ptibliu ttidronacjr of imjK)|)ulftr tratlift, tho 
ttady fri^Qd^hlpo vUic^ hAve inspired and alrengtli- 
eaed m«, &Dd tJm rcTercncv lutd nMjiccb I fool tor 
human nature, irrespective oT sex* — all these oompel 
me to look with soioetliiog moro thaa ocquicBcencc 
Qpau tho «ffbrts you are noakinK/' 

AjBong the works of faith aimiLir in pUn and c9or( 
to the ConflompliTos' Uotue, m&y be mentioned the 
Bethadft Homo, of Ch«tnut Uj]]» PhUnddphia, vrhioh 
wad Ufnu) in a sniall way in 1859, bj MLa Avkix W. 
Clkmiixt, who bod b^n on^nf^ed in misBionary work 
UDODg the destitute of that city. 

Tbo reconib of the Dethesda Home ehow that those 
who trust In God shnll not be confouDitcd. Uko 
Franck s Xfiffiion House in Qermany, Mailer's Oiphia 
Hduai^ luvl lIw CoD«iitiiplm-9t' Hnrru*, thb institution 
for oTphaua is sustained by Liimnliclted t;iftf«« received 
in answer to pmycr, as its fotiDder firmly believes, who 
ntired &om a lucnLttve busimess to give beraulf to the 
wovk of bcnovolwcr. A graphic doacHption of the 
homo is girexL by a writor. It to ooUcd ** One Romance 
of Charity." 

" It wad on a dull stormy day In January that we 
mode our way to the Bothosda HomOf through tho 
heaviest of country loods. Wo had no dilBeulty to 
finding ttt oltboogh it b quite away &om tho town; fbv 



«Oft 



wcMSvr 09 TUB cKstTcrmr 



M tbtt people ir« met veined well »Ue to dEr«et 

The building U utunU-d i|tiit0 lij itaolf^ ttltJiotigli 

a nhari tlUutice of m taOniad-etatkm, In ft yrove of c«d» 

» fine portico la fri>ut, and ovtiftg[<e-<lHve up Co the door> 
^* Wo were aliovrta into Uio £root pftrior, wHcb b e 
liCftutiTul toocn, iicAlljr tad appropriaUlj ftiroUbed. 
Aft«r A VhUq coDYomtioo with Mim Cl«vontt ^m took 
tu to MO the children, who lud just boeii ooHeetod 
for eitemoon ecbooL Tbej wen in a b<*atifal ecbocd- 
room on tbo other aide of the lull, M §mimd ot tbc^ 
deaks, uid enplored with eUto eim] pcnea or their 
iMWb. We were delighted lo eeo vucb a buiUhj, 
happf^ookiikg set of oUldrm, movt id them onder ten 
jrettft of ege. Tbejr aU lookoJ eo aeet, with deen 
fftcai mnd hmndtt u>d bdr oiori; bnubed, th&t we 
thooght thej would oanipftrv hnrablj vrith mMnj Uttla 
oom who hATB food motherv Co nn for tbeoL A» «e 
looked ftt tlve cleu) imliixi frock*, and whole but 
potched CrouMrs, we thotlgbC what a work it osiut be 
Co keep oTor Lbbtv children iKu* unlljr clothed, ceptv 
cbllj M i]io»t of thetr ifumcate eje p^rtlj wom oaee 
eODt by kind fnt.<nihi (^ the Home. 

*' There ero o&ljr two boj-e io the iaatltotioft. bedde 
the bobioa, — one eged nioo yeoti, mod the other fbor. 
An the childntn ntteod SooeU^ sehool it Chetft&vt 
(lin, eoue going to the l^rttfbjtctiui, end c»thafe to the 
epiflCoptU, ae tUeee ifo the oeeiert %t bud- Tho« 
under ten }'cmv or age attend the da3r<««:hoa) to thb 
room, which U Inu^bt by Mim Clemeni'a rUeee. Then 
ATA onljr thme olde-r gtrU, wbn ha«e l>Fi>n invetMof 
the Ilorae dooe it vm QaC eiiuhlbbod ; and thaeo g$ 
to the acbool at OhssCout WiW. 
>* We notioed unoof the children aooie vetj tntelB- 



wcuiKM or rArni. Ml 

genb tMCoa,; ou« litUo b1ue-«}ed girl, of «buut four 
)'<«n^ apeciftUy mterested oa. \Vo Eoirnd she wu a 
iieiv-c^rincr. a::(l kul neither father nor mother. What 
a blc»c<l vro€}t to gftthcr la ihcfto homolcM littlo once* 
oui tell them of & Sariour's Iota, and bnn^ ilicm »f 
to fear *nd Ioyo God 1 

"We then weal ap-^tairs to tec the babltit. Two 
do«r little ihingSt ud«1^ a jroftr eld, were tended bj 
Dice-lookiD^ wDmeit; and three other dkiJdi«n, who 
fisemed to be abotit two yenn old, w«re pUying around 
the room. The alueDce of hny thii.g liko a itrufomi in 
the dress of the children makes tlu» Home s«4-m more 
like a tai^ privalo raznily tlE;>in % chanlA^tn ui^tiutiinn. 
The habiee ea|iecially looked v^ry aweei hi Llieir vrhiEe 
dr«R!Vfl and scarlet Kockst vrblcht as oatgrovn gmr* 
mentAt hnd [trobaldy b^n ticnL to them. The whole 
seoond tloor was so ukcljT heated b/ tho funiacr, that 
the children were nob confined to ono room, bub had 
the nmge of bedrooms, hall, antl playroom, which 
niQtft be greatly conducive to health. 

"The Hocra are bcaqtUully Uid in hard wood ; and 
all iho furmtiiTO b«ing new, luid every Lhin^ in exi^ub- 
ite rrder, we thought wd had never £cen a more 
beantifuUy kept hoti^e. The bedrooms nre all rimiiihed 
with aingle iron bedsteads, gc-od bedding, and nice 
white qailtd^ We then vti--itO'l tho batliToom, where 
the ntvn of linmhM, ofunhs and tooibdiroHhes, were fn 
keeping with the oj\lcrly uppeamnca of ihi* rr*t of the 
lwru9jT. Mbw Clctiient li^t im i'<^P ^'^^* ^ larf^o eluo^t, 
vrheie the bundles of pan-worn clotbing are put before 
ih^y am altcml and fixed over for the; chiklr«TU a:i nhe 
remarked, ' You would not believe what wo make out 
of thcee things.' 8ho then showed iw Ibc closet where 
the ehildren'a Snnday clothos are ke^ — nice-looking 



VOMKN Of WMirn. 



Alt 



to twelve jBOia old ; and aix uw^ie wcr« ihaH; cum* 

Um hoiue Menu to t« iodoatry ; itod oroD the tcij liUlo 
oncd trx ^ make tboiavelTM oafifUl. 

**OikCC or twk« ft veek they ftto inrit^d mto the 
parior to ■•w, of pUj goakCA; and oft«R, od Saiarday 
afternoon. Mi^ Clement bad f ome eort of ao eotertaiD- 
ment for thora. 

** UUa Cleckant b asabt^d in lier vrork by Ler i^«ce, 
Mlss a. L.. wbo has fci many yesirs gireo honelf nod 
means to tlib bloned work, mm} hy auuiber jouDg 
frien^l, wbo. altboijgli delicate, is of gmt nwUtance, 
\kiiK 111 iwwing and ui Uie cora of lbs ululdreii. Tlicra 
are also tbree birod women ir bo rtpreaent the natjon- 
&lille« of Svodcn, Dojioiaxk, and Offrnianj ; and a nma* 
wrroDt ttoitt SwitzerJaDd. SeveiaJ of tbe women c&o- 
Dot speak BnglUbt aad wc were much interested in 
benncg Mi^ Ulement relate tbat in Uieir lamQy vror- 
ebip, which tho women attend, thcjr aoiaotino* toko 
pait by prayer, eoob in bci own bui^affo, 

^^ Wo fe«t it to bo indeed otuae for gratitude that 
fDCb e lovely Cbrbftion borne bos been provided for to 
many poor ^Qdren wbo wotild olherwUe be (bnt out 
from tti Ugbt and tote/' 

LeL ibe name be [tlooed bere of a fulbftil worker, « 
daughter of T.ocretia Motti wbo waa one of tlktr mnii> 
egcn of Swaithmore College. Tho report of bcr ffiUow 
laborciB, DeeembeTt 1874» ooutaimi ti^et^e word^:^ 



" AsffNA U. HoPFBE wu not actively e&ga^ In tjie 
work of the college at its oommcnccnicutt but ebo 
ectT-rcd into ltd manegement in time to render impor- 
toDl oerrice in otganiBuig ood nrtauging ite veiioiu 



6t4 



voMCit or TIES cswtrkT. 



ilfrparCfDcnU i ukI from thftt time fnnTKnl tlio ii]itilatk« 
had ito mora zm^^u.-^ an<I eCEdeai worker. Her iirOQft 
dear btcIlecU luaiuxi with ^r^t pmctic^ ■}>iUl3r, qoal- 
i6ed bor for a wido fld^ of UMTibictts hi the icCiTt 
^TenuDCDtof Uw coUagt; mod Uw tniti ooflOdatM 
Ui her voro (lUchiirg^ vritli tbti c^McitnUoui Sddby 
uhiob »o sQ^tiftly marked b«r obumoter 

■* Her Cftlm, d«Iil>«mle judgmont wv* lo }iut la 
decisioo^, that lu rnflacii<-« iraa feU to be of grMi 
porUnco in deciding diffictilt qu^vtiopn, vrUllm A^ 
eoraroefided lier own xicvr^ hy t oonrteoui mpocl 
Um opittkons of otbem. From birf 6r*t Ap|M9nt9Miat 
mftnnger, 1^6 wm an Active menibcr of iho Eiecolji 
Gominiltee, miiiuttcring to tKo vaHoui tiDodi of 
Gollego with m ccfd Aud <:tiCTK7 tbat ot?Ter 
wbile ber ndraDc«d Idcu utd jiut liowi npoa edi 
taotud «iibjccte iiuul« her coiiomla ot gt^at Tftlae in 
dejnrtioent of inntmcUotu 

■*!>be vnu mrely abocnt from «(» iii«Hiiin 
duriog the last j^ar of hir ltf«) when b«r faiHnf* h<All 
was paiAfnlJjr ootioed by all. Ucrqoldtt cmobtnaii 
nature Mhniok tvom notiea ; bot the powerful luBi 
of bcr cbatAOtar and examplo waa felt and 
by tboae who Im^ the priHtegv o( k&owitig its 
d^Dlty and excellence, tod leavM with oi & Mmwfbl 
oonaciousaeu of iho Ion which vro bar« emtainad.** 



Tho army of Chrialian wnrkvm in the sabbatli 
In our biitil ouy bo uiunbered ansong tho women of 
faith and hof>e end love, for they are Mlf-ddn! 
toilers tu a wi Ic 6cIJ of OHfulnoA* Mra, Katii] 
STAitBircic of Nantuckcrt, Eixbm E, tllLtt, and M& 
0. A. WrsvBip of VVakefickl, Mam^ bavo 
gnat ability «DiJ fidelity ae »D|«Hntendente j doal 



wo3Jc:f OP rxTtu. 



615 



they iie but tjpw of many otbnv. I^tn- Winship U a 
■eholnrly wnman, wfao was a euceei^ul leac]t«r ni*iiy 
jn«i% liod ku wtiLtcn [idtninLbly for the preas^ but 
not so much ns her frieoda dffiire, Sho lifji dUplajred 
m«rVcd gtnlaa in arrjuigtng ^blmth-«chool coDoiala, 
Mnd hitA'h the childrca (o tlie Aclioctl bj lier o^vn per* 
aonaJ cfToTt? ui<l m«gnoti.sQi. Tbo ooblo lefw>Rfi learoed 
from her arc norcr forgoUea. ^lisa Mtle^i h&D compOBcd 
for bcr pupsb cxccUcnt ilriLniaa nnd po«m& for red* 
Utioo< Mr?- Suibiick b »o?r viailing; tho Holy f#4tid. 
Tho boooir of suiting SundAj Mhoola in our country 
ttgeoeially ftcoordetl lo Joansa Pbhtos oikI Nakot 
Wblcb. loth then In Soverly, Masa. The former vroe 
the mother of Rov- Prof. C C- Erercit of Hftrrmnl 
CcUegv- Aoiong tbs woman of faith, liliouM be olasaed 
n&oy of Uio worlcen bi our jiti^niiui? school* aiul bomti, 
«lio Uko LiznB T. Lewis of tbe Horwanl HlasEoD, 
Dkborah n, Bhowx, a.i<l CAJtriLncR BAAfiXKn, in the 
FIro PoidU Uou^ of lixIoiU-y, iir« »«r>iit}f OiiU [ii 
cario^ for tho poor nrd fotNtkon. Qf-d blraa tlMrn 
AVftry one I ht% ooo more Siuid.iy-f^Jiool trorkor be 
named. To her memory tb«ro is a tiLlot in the Um- 
tarlaa Churoh in Somcrritle* WUcn it was pUoed 
tboro tho To&CTihblc donor, Ko7< K> M. Hodeea. prenched 
Jt reference to it, and garo a brief akotoh of Htsa 
WnnTBKnOBthofi reported: — 



BuzAuri » Pagk; daughter of Livermore Whittiedgo 
of fievorly, wvm employed ag « publU'-fichool teacher in 
Somervillo wirly in its history aa an independent town- 
ahip. A wiTll*«ultiv3avi1 mind, nnt\ a h»rt in sympathy 
with tlie requirements of clibln-n, g«ve her KpeeSal 
fikTofAnd correnpotidiiig ability. It is to be obfi^rred 
alao, that aa influenoe ealiu and patietil, and n;ligio(»!y 



610 



irouiuf or THE csHTtniT. 



endon-ed. bom of t^« Sptht of God. ukd d«TcSop«4 lij 
tbo diaciplino of ft lin^edi^ULd taorUl diMMe,«Kvn4 
without oeteDUiMB a gnpartildod twMtaMi iDd cbarv 
to bor cbucttctor. Iler rQH{|[ioui ftfFeGtioQA, m ft Urn 
wben the ooaiu«l of pnulooco i^ vtibMnrieaojr to km 
boaltb would hvfn r^btlj irtiaekad her \n hat toan^ 
|>n>tnpter1 ber lo supplement K«r acUva ilatlift on Mca- 
W t.hij% by libora of bitn tm ?• m tbo diradinn 

of lh(? Chmtian oaltunf of fau-l- .en tt nlgkt W 

pboc'l in hflf obu^e. Tho room b irbkb kbv Lao^i 
tbo tU(1utic?ii1it of EnLgUah kimtfleflge im woeldjiT^ 
ftnd Uio elGEDGuLftiy truthfl ftccordbg to Jcmu lui tha 
Lord's D&ji VAA sStual«d la % mull woodea ooe^^lar; 
boilding IB Mcdfonl Stivct Mj cartioit rocord is r»- 
latio<i to Ui0 fric&d vre ha?e in miod i* to ll>h isiptfl: 
'Apnl 7, 1844, J mot ihB StiodKy lobooU ud addmari 
iL Tbcr« wtro About mxtx oiiRdnD. Tboy hart btn 
collected together 4iid oartd for prinoipAllj hj Mim 
P. Wliitt»dg«.' 

"SuUeqaeQUy until the autamD of that you, k« 
reiiileaoo, and htr dntioe u r commmi-Mhixil tiutrtMor, 
continued \n Somerrille. Her laUraat In tbo Sinuli^ 
kIiooI wiw andimEnulted ; but bcr IftLora bid to W 
aoniewbit rcsUiclcd. TowmnI tlw ead of tJso vnanMf 
noatliA it conJd pot I'O Cfucedcd tb&t tha worfc of 
EnciirAblfl dtf«AM wju apjfro«cJtmg tie rrmniiafiiartna 
Ilex fjuth, rcaUjtg: on tho IJcaeifthihip of Jonn, wm to 
lier at Ibis time a lilrmoil conUbrt^ Aod llio foiUKlaltaa 
of an immortoJ bopo. At tim oloen of 4a ^Fvtin^tifni 
of her Achool oo the 4th of Oetobcr, 1^4. the e&d of 
ber Tocatioa and of her retidtooo %n Sonwirilk tool 
plftce. Sho died Aug* 25, ldl6, of Go&Aumptioa/' 



Mr, llmlgos fi^Uowed this intvraiting iketth bj 



TOUBK or rAlTtt. 



ffl9 



rroMu-ks nbcxxt tho significance iiid a^efulncM in ethics 

of monut&Bntal Ocviceft Anil infCripUonSt u appcat&ng to 

tbo eympathiea and cxoitutg tbc oifpirUioait of tbow 

l>«ho]ilii^ tliem. Tliat iDomiiDeDt which coramoroo- 

ratee a noble deed or a r^lif^ioua iTork ia more vnt<iaL>Io 

tban Lhom irhidi ciArk thtr p-uL t-rcatnofift of a warliJco 

hero. Tlieu roxnarkiDg ibat l!ho«u Tvhr> upira kigh 

mtut bATo a lugfa object to uhkh to aspEra, he paswil 

on to apply hit remarks to thi» «T>h}ec1 of Sttndaj-c^hool 

work, and clo^ hia ducoune wlili some very apprc^n- 

ate titii) jDt<?n-j(Uii^ rrmftrkn ha in hig on'ti faith in thd 

rdigioD of tlie New TetOuiiient «i n rcligioR qtudi6«d 

to itare and to eleraia m&okijkd. 

AniODg tk« vroui«n vljum? workfl provod ht» etrotig 

fniih fRAy ho ouinlionod MiU4. J^LizA Garfield, vbo 

iTHA A Ballon {& nieCB i?f lliw?a Bnllon, tlte cekbrated 

I7Di¥eraalist pr«u:1itrr), and who b«an«> tho mfo of 

Abram Gtur£ield it\ 1819. and tite mother of BrrTCrol cbiU 

drcn, the joungtut of wbom was our martyred Fraaulentt 

jAiti^ai A- GarHold. Removing trith her hiittband to the 

Wc4t in ttm^fl whan pion«Ar wnTk wa> to be done, ft1:e 

laborvid hard and long, and beii^g Ii^ft & vidoTT with a 

depeiideut family, ahe exeit^ heraeU be^ood Iho iubjJ 

need eTcn of piou«cr wirca, arid pcrfotmcd aUaoet liicred- 

iblc deeds oE heroic dorotioa to iter duty aa a moth^Ti 

^wing for hor ebildren''a morai and phviicai w«liAro, aad 

gaining for th&m their daily br««d by hand Ubnr of thn 

h;iTde«it kbd. She appreciA^od iba »dvHntag6a of eJaca- 

lioiK KOi] eniXHiniged tins i>li|| wIjo^ vim aflecivard to ho 

Pm>d«&t, to obtain tht; knovWga which Aho folt wouid 

ht power, ft&d the had no reason to ropeni of her eHorts. 

-la all her priTationt and Lkbora sho vfwt Kontained by a 

etrodg, abidiiLg Cbriftt'.aa faith, whlcfi ha':l ila porfcct 

woE'iC and erowo. not alooe when she saw ber »^n t^ralted 

to tlw liigtir^t phira m hin native Und, but wh«u alio 



'tl 



«so 



WOUEN i 



learned oE lita Gbriatiai 
tho^e weaty days of Bci 
waa tlie triumphant dea 
wlioin she had trained 
iGYealtd lit warks and fc 




CHAPTER XX, 



WOMEN INVESTORS- 

The Cotton-G^Q — The Sifter — Woman's Industries and Inrentlous 
— Inventions suggested by Ai't'ideuL 

TluU p^ ii^l^ woman jU^o n^ncltcil, iJi-ii jluiiuu Uuili fiTii* <|"lii'/' 

Mauv M. Chas^ 

"Slie crleita at lite |:n(e>i, . , . I vriHili~iTik itdH?!! nLi.b pniJ^jurE^, iiit'l Hrjkl ont 
kiLOvl«d){H^ ot witly liiwjiijoi^ti." — J'hov. vili, 3, lij. 



THE question ia sneenugly askL^il sometiiiu-.s ^J*" '^ 
woman invent? The jjreat Cciiti.imiiil Exi>osilion 
answered the question salisfaetorily to lliu l>eUevt?i' in 
woman's capabilities; and tlio^c who saw and lieaid 
the dish-washer and other women wjjo were disidayiii^ 
their own inventions there \v\\\ not soon forj^^ct tliem. 
Mrs. Matilda J. Gage, h^rs^^lf an active, iiilellij^^ent 
worker of tht; centnry, in ptiMishinj^^ a ,'^ortes of o-'nleii' 
Dial letters to "Tlie Fayetteviiio Recorder/' ghes llie 
following interesting wtatemcLits ; — 

621 



632 



irOMSS Off TUB CBKTTtfT. 



**Lct Um WomEn'a Pftrilioii gather aH it 
Voodad'i irorki ll trill otdll tall vet^ br ifcari 
Tftt« repnecDtftUoa of wobmh'* indtutnat tad 
bcc«0i<6 tnoete of the Intga pA n ix f tcturiftg mI 
4Te own«d b; mca ; ud, dtboogb largely 
won^B, th« work dooo in tbaao attafalMhi 
bj men vill bo ento^ in a^o's dudm. For 
Ljmii, tiio gnat ulioe-tnut of tb« ooo&uyt «tt] 
women tlum mea io tha maDO&otare of sbi 
my wonuji owQt sach m oitihlbTiiaqpl, mil fQcb 
existed at the ExpoilUan will come En uiid«r 
nuaes. Soalflo of Uw fittmeraui oottoo-iauii 
«li«ini prinU ami mtuliEui utd dcHba, both 
mbleaclmd, u* ttkida: bodb of lbe«t wiQ 
woman's wotI. The sewii^ Ak» and dnxa 
bal and cap iiia;»ifiiotiLrcJ8, tbe broadcloth 
boop^kirt and corsoi Aims, tbe lar^ dotbinig 
iD«&lft. emploj women opentirei lo a great 
tbii work will bo catcrod to men's camoo. 

^ Women are Umueben of geld and nlTert 
plat«r&,aod bioanra, wateli-^aaa maker*, 
tbe finer r>art of wtieboe i are pamten of 
of tUee, do work in boUy-wood* mauufiutttre 
faunov, taUe-topa, eoonea; are taxiderviiata* 
painiere,BculpUir& Bloat of tble wetk wiU ba 
In the geaeral depaitmeDts vuider moa'a 
iDi^diatiioal exhibition* from Europe will bo 
WDOkan'a work, llie Anett Swij»<Bade w 
maimfaishind b^ women ; Lbe bugeet cnafcer of 
pagne in the world i» a wotnaii ; 'tu a 
minufacturoe the fiunotu Erard piano i the 
mill b Europe b oroed hj a woman ; thi 
thiead-weaving of the CHd World k woman a 
abo tbe wonderful laco-making aod embndderj, ti 



WOHlttf IKTKKI^IUL 



623 



higher Unti (te inmt pteciou* atoneS) — ib«*« ar« ill 

^'Mftxijr of woiiun*a iuTe&tions Uavo booD pBleuted 
aaclcr i&en's Duncan The Utg^ftt funiidfT tn Uie city 
of Troj b run to nuwufaclure hoiaeflboea, ono of vhiob 
in turticd ont CTcrj thrc« Moood«. Tbo machmo vhich 
douA tbia work iras invented by • ifDman ; IqI the 
maaoEncturc ia carried on ondcx a nan's niunci owl will 
bfi exhibited ftft man'a iratk. A Troy foundry-owner 
once told mo tbo bc«t etovo lie cvor know voc inTeat«d 
a woteftu, but tke paten; wa« taken out in » man's 
le. The inventiou of the cottoD-gin« wliicb revo- 
tticniied th*t industritM of the world, wu due to a 
woman, Uis. Greene, though tJie work was doao and 
tlko patent taken oat h/ EU WbitnL^y. One of tbe 
ttrllMt mowing* BiaclilDea waa perfeded by a Lady of 
my acqaaiEitanos, now over eighty yean of age. who 
aldml Ih^t liu.><baiiil m briugiog ibat aiid a clover-cleaner 
U> [icifcclioii. Thi^ Traa a New Jersey wonaao: still 
iCT New Jftmey woman U now li^'ing, wbo inrented 
atUcbxaent to the mowing-macliiuet wbert-by the 
kniTea are thrown out of geor whenever the driver 
IcareaMa aeat, thus teaaoning the liability to accident. 
10 iirat large octobliabiocait in the country for tlie 
lofoettiM of buttonB, the WiUistona\ waa due to m 
romaa, thoQgh it was run utuler a man's iiamt'. Tbe 
r-lkat«niug huttou U a woman's likveution. The 
te for making satchel-buttoocd jutjxjr biigt was a 
woman'a inTentlon, nnd a Tcry Important one at that ; 
that had Inng been tried for by men without atie- 
Hefaro the fjututc of Amcii & Cu,, tiuMt machiDva 
e manufactured at' the works of that company, 
*'0f improvcaMTDta in nowiog-inacbiDCcs womiui has 
Invented a great QUmber. aa quilting-attadunentst 



WOUDT [XTB?riOB«. 



63ft 



!• renenbU gmndparent about the household con* 
of A Londrad y««n ago. Dr. NicrhoU in th« 
Boston Jounul of CHdautUj " tt^yn, '^Our fitthaxv 
ware groping in tlmost outer dArktiVEMr* so far tis a 
ivrlfldge of Uio *ci«iicctt vriu coitcemvd ; nnd btii litU« 
roav Lftd boen auido in inretitloa and tho atts. 
\j orto of the modem contiinuacfis for cooldog, 
for WAimuig Add llfhUng dveliingSt ww knovro* 
Foi A pound oF coaI or a cubic foot of illaminAUng gag 
beoD burned in tho country. No iron dtovoa ver« 
; and no contfirAXKce for eoonomiitng boat v«ra 
iployod uuul Dr. Fnnklin inrented Uie iron frnne 
finplAOd wHiob bUU boars hia oAme. AJl tho ccokiiig 
id wmrning in tovm and countij ware dono by iho 
Id of fir« kindled npon the bri(3c lio&rth, or in thv 
icfa OT«D, Pin*-kT>ot8 or Ullow CAndlti fumlslied 
iigUt for tJu« vrinitT ftveulnga; and BADded floom 
id the pdocQ of rugs and cvpeto. Tlio wider 
for bonnifliold puipciMis wilh drawn from de«p wella 
by tbo cmldog 'sweep;* and it U a curiona oiroum* 
stauoa that boLb tbn well. Aod tLe halldiog moeting thft 
laeeantiea of a vater^owt, werv often at long iVi^tancc* 
the honaei In a oold wirvdj ni^bt in wtnti:r« to 
caUed toward ono of them was aomotMiig droadM 
think of' No form of pnmp waa uacd in tliia oonu- 
% 00 far au wo can learn, until afuir tbe present den- 
rj^ Thero ware no fnctwa-matchoa in tboaa anriy 
kja, by the aid of which a fire cbfM be apeddOy 
kindled ; and if the fire went ont upon the hearth o7«r 
light* and the tinder waa damp ao tbat the apvk 
ltd noc oaLeb, the alcemaUTQ leroBitied of wsding 
tbioagh the anew a mile or 8o» to borrow a brand of a 
[bboi. Only one room In any house was warmotl, 
fbalaaa >ome of the family were ill ; in all Uie rest the 



WOJf&V INVKaCTOBtt. 



«27 



9xpertt might haTe wsiatsd at thm aMvdng or th» 
PvoDsylrauU M^oal Sodetv, tad loioed in their 
teanked uddrwoci upon what so mtitiiat«ljr ooDo«ni«d 

" Feotiniufl bio^nphi«s teem with the dttin of Htm 
mibjeicto for onlugod oppoitaaitjoA. Tht^y har^ btgt 
belp«;d Uj provide meaan for wbat Uier oould not abore. 
The old«t flcbolamhip at llarr«;d, founded in ITSS* 
vrw bj ioAXNA At.PoftD. Th«To ATO t«a oLbent bjr hdt 
dooore. of which ibc annual inoomo lA 9i,!(i0, Men* 
todoQA 1x179 tat yearly ttidcd then to the amount o{ 
•24,500. 

^ Maboaast DBAr&H of BctAton conducted tho fimt 
uempaper in Amenoa. Tb« origimLl De^IantioD of 
lDd«p«Dd«Qc« wtt« printed by Mart Katharixr Got>* 
DABD. Ereiy demooBtntor of ana'-omy Is indebud to 
UMdua« Dcoorn&AT for bis mAnikin. Artiflcbl marble 
b lHo Inrcntiou of Madame Dctuxet. Iu 18G1 Htm, 
VAKUEK»in^aiiii cft]n« from Flandprv to EngUtid, and 
began dm uw and ajaaufaofanc at ntamh, Rrhold what 
an LndiiaUry has ^mng from the iieat straw Ixmnel of 
Bpni&r Dakjlb, vtovn km than a hundred yeara ago 1 
Aln. WtuoK of Londoa managea tho pnactpAl line of 
oaiubuMs, Mrs. Saksick of Diury Laao conducts a 
tbentn< Mrs, Tb&alc carrier} on & brewery. Hie 
widow of Dr, A> I>. UuKock continues bcr hUAband'e 
pnetice in Wyoming, H.L We htijux cf another whoM 
beee yielded twenty thoound pounds of bon«y in a year. 
In Vu^ar we have the fir»t lady profewor of ntalhemAt- 
(cs in any Ajneiicftn college. Two at Vermont Univer- 
sity were eleeted to membtfnJup by the i'hi Beta ICappa 
-Society* aa an award for superior scbolanhip. For the 
pnat etght years or inor« there biu been connected \r\iL 
cbe [lowland Sehcn^l fur Voung Women an oi^LnttAtioo 



woven IHTKKTO&O, 



029 



lem ill ftomo wnj, m tb« foHowiog from ^ Ckftabon' 
lounu] " will eitow : — 



" Oao of Uko pleuftoUot amoodotCB rclmtiTa to ts 
invontioa beiiig euggeeted by accid«iit b^^rs nUtinn 
to th« etodcin^-loaiA, or knittin;;-frftna«. Th« etorj 
liaa been told in two or Xhmo different fonos ; but tha 
DkMt popoLir venioD ftccordj irith u piocui6 ftDil in< 
ftcriptjon pr6B0rved by lh« Knune-voric Knitters' Com- 
pany. About % hiintlnd RnrI nir.ijtT jfion tgo^ Mr, 
WiUUin l^ioe* of St. John's ColW^e. Camlitidge, wu 
•xpetled for toanjing m iliitrngnnl to Um) utAtute* of 
hM DuUc^n. H»vi£i(! DO ftHTiune on eltber &icte, bb 
ftHing wir« ooDtiibntocl to their joint nupfkott bj kni^ 
ting. Tbc bmiliand, watching one daj tlio movements 
of her fingers, suddcalj oonouvod thr<! idcA of iaitating 
tb«m by mcobanioal ineuuK in order tbut aha might get 
tbiongh her work in a mnnncr easier to horsed, BAd 
porcbftnoc increase bcr ucootuaonts. The ingenloiii 
ttooking'&ome was tho result of his cogitations* In 
baDd-knittiDgt poliAbed ttsel needlaa or wires are oaed 
to link threads togs'.har ioto a a«ri«a of Loops dosslj 
ressabling those produced in tambondi^. In f^^me- 
work-kiiitting, one penoo can manage a Inrge numbeF 
of knillinp-Tiee<!l«s at oncv, — piwjiw of st«il midway 
in abapo be:ween vtnight wires and bent hookit, aod 
aided by jackA« or vibrating levera, t^ndlos, rowa of 
bohbirui. and ntJ»:r drver oontrivaDces. William Lee^ 
first ntcjcking-frAUifi waa in all probabili^ staall aod 
very rough ; but it bud in it a potontiality (as Dr. JcOin* 
SOD might have called it) of dereioping great things, 
until at last it has culminated in that nuMtorly piece of 
nieobu)i3m< the eireuljur rotary hosiery machine. Looky 
accidenti in like manner, led, about the ^eer ITIM, to 



WOUE!t nrVEVTORB. 



6^1 



bsTisg «tght Bpindlefl- TIm bmOy nl oDce Itigtlj 
fii«r«awd their v^&kij eamings. How k happened 
that throTigh worsen *s i^to acd mauufaccurera* 
greed, or vrhether h w«-i, sai ItJw l)«tfu aud, Lhat ■ 
beUti*' Idea thaD hifl hul heou prewioimlj ttarted aod 
■cted upon hy oth«r», FT^ugnyiTOS vtm iWYer pennitW 
lo Mcure iii a^tiijuate wLuni for hb ingttnujlj, w« 
need Dot now atop to relate: Lftucftshire oocuxaoUtcd 
veftllh from tho vpanuiiig-jeDnj (amplifiod bj dcgroM 
to cigb^ spindlos). but regnnJed Lttlo tho braiia that 
bftd i!iiAl4cd tbcm to do tto. When nuudoDii aro ' doin^ 
thcij hftiT,*~6n important denteat of daily dutj in. 
many a hoUAOlioId, — tb?f may pcrbap b& gnUifiwl ia 
leanuDg that this pioo««« led sooidentallj to a twj OBe- 
ful inFQQtioD. Joiihua HoiIbui, vogaged in tb« cottca- 
loanu^uHure at Mulhouse in Alsiee^ vm loi^ meditat- 
tag OD th« pOMibiliCy of Inventing a comlitng-macluDi 
for lotig*4l^le cotton, tho carding-ma^-hiuo uxitU then 
employed being bett«r waited for cotton having a short 
Mtapla, He tried aiid Lrli'd Hfpiiii, and uDpo<v«riNhtHl 
hiiBseU hj preparing machlDiH and tnodola which fa&ed 
to realizo tbe iaUudvd purpoM. Broodiug over tho 
taaU«r cue evening* ho watched his daaght«ra combing 
tbeir hair, and notioed (porhopa Ibi the fint tiato reallj 
QOtloed) how they drew the long treasea between their 
Sudors, alternately withdiawing tbe coatb tlirongb 
ibera. The thoaght atnick hijD» that if be could aue* 
oaeeCuUy imitate hy a nachino this twofold action, ao 
aa to eomb out the looj; flbm of cotter aad drive back 
the ehorter by revomng tJie actioa oC the eomb, his 
long-eoagbt objoct would be pretty noarty attained. 
Anned with thia new Idea, he set to work with renewed 
cbeerftilnosa. and invented a bmiutiful machtcie, which 
«wblr<i him io comb cheap cotton into TDodentely fine 



WOMBH INVto-roBB* 



^U 



1^ 



"*it ifl onl3r following out nature. Am m ohUd, I 
aerer cared for tJuogs that prie asoallj do; dolU 
IWTCT poa«M«d &DJ cbnnnfl for mo. I cotildii*! n« Um 
•enie of doddllog biu of poroekin vritb sen^eleai ^ea : 
Um odI^ things I wiuiUt! wore a jnck-ktiife> a giiulot, 
fliul pieoei of wood. My frieiwb were bonified. I w«t 
cdlcd K tom>x>5 ; but that mit<1o very little imprvuion 
im BA. I Bagliul Homfiliuicis, l>e€iiu»e I viu iiot Hk« 
othe^gixb; biot widely concluded chat I couldn't L«lp 
i\ Atid •OQgbi fuitbci cou.HobUii>a from mjr tools. T 
wu ftln-ays loabbg tbm£:3 lor tnj broUiers; did tbey 
w^t ftnj tbiDg in tbo lino of plAjtbiag&i thej alwajA 
tiud. ^ Maitio will aukd them for iu." I wad famous 
for viy kit«s I oud my alcd^ were tbo enyj aod a<lmii»- 
aon of all tbe bota m town. I'm not aurpriMd at 

bat Tto done. 1 in Qtdj aorry I covlda't haTe bad 

flfood a cLaooe a^ a boy» and bare been put to my 
bmda rtgulariy/ " 

And j«t abe koowa ad anob about macbinerjr as 
Uiougb aba had iitad« it m atudy all b«r life. It u a 
gODuiuo gift ; and tihe c&n no aore belp makii^ m^ 
obinvry than Anrui DickiniiOD can belp making fipeecbaa. 

Tbo inreiitor of tba ecauilcHu liogv waa MiMi LucT 
J0Hsao^, wlo died near Prorideaco, R.I.t Aug, 22^ 
1887« aged veveotj^eigbt It wan in 1324 thai ''ebo 
wore MTcn pura of scamleas pilIow-<aa«s, and reoetrad 
a premium at tbo fair held at Pawtuckc; in Ootobcr of 
tbat year. Th03« piUow-oaaCBi atiU In a ^Qod stato of 
provcrratioDi are auppoe«d to bnte been Uio ^nt ecam- 
leea ha^ ever made. Ij^aorant of tba ralue of ber 
UrobUon, Thiiaa Jobnaoci took do steps to secure a 
pit«ct. H«r mode of w«aviDg has fiiiic« been ingrafted 
on tba power-lgom, and patented, yielding a fortune 
to tbe patentee* ; wblle Atiica Johi)»ou apcnl tbe okaiag 




CHAPTRR XXI. 



WOXfiN LAWVEJtM. 



lUy — UckiH B^riulow, tad otLun. 



■OHfi Am «ld uiit d'«t^1«> lioftk, T)b»B trorlj **dArtB34i 
A«4kl'<?tiUAk'»duKlilatoin4lKTUi«Baii«0Hvikim[]|l«iUcfl,'' 



EVBR dnoo Deborah jiulj^oii Israel, th«r« havo been 
vomen ci^blo of jinlging aiul IcgvUting. In 
our IukI Lhcro are many who are as cajMibU as the men 
tvko vote, to lej^lelate for tho befit good of tho com- 
rauaity^; and vrilhin tbo ln«t tw«nly-flva yeara there 
bare been gn>at c!hange» in regaxd to the I^^l W^i/uf uf 
WoBwn ID insny of out Ststt^s; and tvv^nil motdimi bav« 
been adrnittr-^l 1o iIk.* bar a^ lavr^^is. Tliat tbei« was 
need of thEfl. and that there is eUll Deed of progre^ei in 
Uiat tlimction, U vrvidviiL Ici tOI wKa eorrecLly ajiprehcnd 



VOVSS LAVrrKJttt, 



637 



molf be joaLified, od th« principlo thtt do daw or no« 
of moD, hovovor Mipcncr by oaUirt anct edaoaUon* cfta 
bo trusted with the poUttoil oiod aoqioI cootml of &tiy 
otbor oloM, hovoTor dognutod by iguoranoo or infenoi 
by nntoio. The theory of onirenal »ti(&^o Is bMod 
00 tho grcAt lec90D of all political oiperionce, that 
only tboM who suffor from abuiteii will «V6* thooranghly 
remedy tb«m. Slavery would bave waited long for 
abotition at the luniln of abiTalioldem ; nttd whn will 
claim ih^t Kortheni philauUiropy waa pure euough to 
liAve aljolUbvd «IjiY0J7t or to bftvo «cUblisbfld negro 
flufErage, bad tboie been do m&Difwt military or politi- 
cal advaatago to accni* to thoso aboliabing tbe one. 
or Mtabli^mg the othxx T 

" Tho history of tlo IcgialAdoQ of the Uet qoartcr of 
a ce&toiy rvf^axdic)^ tho law of lUiLrriaj^ foms no exoop- 
tiOD to the general mb' Noco of thoao BiaULte allevia- 
tions of tbo ban»bnc:iA of tbo conioiou law have rcMbcd 
the root of the enli the abaolut^ personal depeodeDc^ 
of the vif^ OD Ui« htuband. lltD Iccdoroces with 
which legBlatorea treat thiB sole rwiaimug reUe of 
a ■cberae of dopendvnce, ooce geccrali U truly von* 
derftd, especially ad coairasi«d with the root-aad- 
branch work that haa be«n mtu!e wich ovrry %p,\r.m of 
mal« tDUila^rci, lu Uw fiKidauni^ittid rule of the wif«'a 
penooal subjectioa, — tlie moat iukportaot branch of 
ihifl mibjcut, and tho only one yet connidered, — no 
refonD has ereo loca attempted. Id many Statea the 
property nghta of married wooiea haTo boca plooed 
oa a footing ai^roziniatJag to equality, lu dodo baa 
her pUBOoal Lbcity been acuurod, or her li^^ servitude 
alloriat^d, except in tbu moat mipodiciulf wo might 
juatly fiay wtinttnti&n^ tsanner. Vet it mmt bo per- 
fectly obriotu that penonal ri^hca muut proocdo prop- 



WOltlUI LAWVEllS- 



0S9 



^fj^ttdon wa» r«o«ived vritboulu diHitt-iitui^ vtnc^ from 
^tlcr tlw! ]^w Faculty, or B«Ar.l of Diinstora; ih^, 
Uking tho Dobl« tta&d tb^i die iuiiv«r&itj vnui op«Q 
both MxcA alike, &Dd if a vcmao debited to boooi 
MqoaiaCed with th« laws w^cb Borem h«r. or to enter 
the profoadoA oi tli« law, th^ university oztcndcd the 
ttme h^pmi; hand to ber aa to a inaD^ SL Loui^ bi 
tbe honor, not only of botng thojSirt to open the lavr* 
eobooLs of the United Slfttea to wobiad, but abw of 
preparing the fir»t womaD flcolptor, Hmriet Hoeitier, £6i 
her profession by a ttio»>t]gh coun&o of anatomy. B^al 
em collegia luiving rafiLMrl hct admis^Lon, she obtained 
the dpJtiTF«l iniiLnKTLion lu iho Bl l^iubi MRflii<3nl Colli^i 
tfarough the generoua p&troDHge of Wayman Crow, Eiq. 
Tlii.i gcnllccnan wa5 abio a laoinbcr of the board which 
itceived Mba Couziiu. Miu Couiitia graduated in 
1871 &om the tmivenity, A duiner vm giTcn to th« 
Board and Faculty, in honor of tho event, by Dr. and 
Mra, G. S. Wnlkcr. at which speeches were niudo by 
the Board and Faculty, sentiiacnfat responded to by^ 
Rer, Dr. I^lioti Ja«. E. Vc^^unaii, and WayroaD Crov 
of the Board, whioh tndicat^J the interent folt in the 
st«P taken. 

**Mi]fi« CotizinB oomlng from the conMrraUv^ element, 
of & pro-etAveiy Stato, much interei«t bai been 
Ceetod ■> to tho influentoeti which eau«ed hut to tuka tO' 
radical a fttep. 

"Shv comuler^ the war, and itx atleinhint Hnnun- 
ttioi!!(, Hff thtt one great uwlor whtdt a^fuhi^nud her 
thought and arou^ed her inr^-roAt in bchUf of humani^. 
Her mother, Mnt, Adalixe Codzcc^, was among the 
fint to offer her servloee ss voliintccr aid to the Sani- 
tojy CoauBiaiont cnt^Juhed at bt. Uouus of which Ja& 



Wo:^ltH LAVTBBa, 



641 



^>eon, and phjoioiui, but smootbing tbe dying pillow 
nitb ft tnotii«r*a pr^j^r^, or tendorljr oIomi^ tbe 6yes of 
tbo «olilioT'boy vritK n mother's Imm. 

" Thd work of her mother oa the Bteuaea md Id the 
hrwpitttU ; tJio utAny hnrrowbig, Md bifitorie* wHch 
oaine to bk^r ihrottgh thnt source^^ first Awaken^ her 
Blind tn thn cnuAO whirh lay htu^k of all lhc»w rx-fiiilta, 
vkI Aiouued the ihou^liL, whether or do woaiaii*ti eu* 
Ught4ui«d thought luid fiction might not ^iwriU id tbo 
tune rmlio u she am^^orauJ tlic horrotH <rf wat and 
its mttcudant evils. Tb<»e idcoa were eloivty taking 
root; &nd ici 1369 Ihej rtoelred a new imptUee from 
the womAn'a fraochiae orge&iaatioa. oomivoeed of eome 
of tha beat and moet inuUiff&nt woaiou of St/Loui«. 
She then began to think of a profeceion; and at tbe 
•amAit K>llcitatioa of Jiid^ John M. Kniio, a warn 
panoDftl frienii, and taember of the Uw faoulqr, abe 
dcterminud on a legal profeeooti, and applied &r 
admission to the Law School. Sinoe^her gnulTiadoQ 
•he liaa buan admitted la all the courtn of tJie State 
©f Mlflsourl, the United Distriet Court, the G«urU of 
ArhuMOaand of the Torrilor/ o( Utab." 

Mba CouLina ia a lecuurer of marked ability, at fmoe 
di^iiiticd and bnmoroufl, aod always holds her audience, 
elictCd aj>f'Umo, and convinucd her hcArcr?^ by her nnan- 
•wcTAble lof^^c. 

Other wc^tn lawyer* there are in ecToral of the 
SUtae. 

**11io Oca Moines KcgiAter^ speaks aa follows of 
Mra. EuuA ILlddoos of Iowa City, who on >ndoy 
loft was aflmitted to practise in the United States Cit- 
euic and C^Bthct Courts tn Iowa ; *' Mra. Iladdoek is 
the wife of Judge U&ddook of lown City, She gradu- 
fltvd in the law departnieut of tbtf Sute Univenity thia 



woeaar LAwrsta. 



648 



*' In tlto DUtriot of Columbia Mnt. B. A. r.ocinrooo 
wu admiited in 1870, and CiiABLorrjs E> Rat fn 1S72, 
m gniiliiatiitg trota Ruward Uutveniity. 

'* niinuui L&H rec«nilj muile legblatlve proviaa for [Ho 
•dlmiuion of women; tnd Mis. Mym Bnnlvrell, editor 
of ibe * Legal Ncwm,' haA a large pra^tloct in Uut SUitn, 
Tito Itst addition is Mias Makv F> Psrky, admitted 
Ifitcljr to the practice of Ittvr ia Clilc^go, III. 

" Miao Latuca (*ooi>ell, wLo wm admitted to tho 
bar at JanedrillG, Win., about a year t^i\ hn.H appeared 
before U19 Suprtme Court at Moididoo with an applioft- 
tioD for adnimioti to ita bar< iritb a whtton ar^umunt 
to enforce tbe Bome.' '* 



^UU« Alta Q, HULCrt waa bom on a fkrm near 
Roeleford, UU June 4, 1854. Hc^r fallier, G. J, HulvtC, 
waa a phjatcian, a iiHtive of New York. Her motUar 
wan bcim in Tennnuinft, lint rainovifd io TllinoU vrlule 
^ouftg. Dr, Ilulet: died io 18^. leaving a wife ukd 
two daughters; AIUl, tbe dd<?9it. Wing hiz jrean of ago. 
Tbo ontj pjeperQ* left (or tbe support of tlus widow 
and bar two tittle girU waa a heme worth a tbouMod 
doUan in Jlockten, a small rilUf^ near Rockford. 
Here the funUy lived ; a&d Alta waa placed in tbe 
poblio aeboola, where abe romaioed untd ber tooUi 
'Tear, when* bo eleoder wee tbe family pvao, Bbei too, 
na obligad to beooma a * bread-winner.' To chii 
eod obe «nter«d a lelegiapb-offic^, and acquired suffi- 
elent knowledge of the buaineaa to be appointed ' oper- 
tor' at Rocktet). She at length gnre up tbis poBlnon 
,' in ordur to return to her biM>k*i, Her inotlicr ratuinwhtle 
managing to euppurt liie fuiuily bj keepiug boarddra. 
Having made a fortunate venture in nnl estate, tbcj 
■old tbeir home^ aud removed to Rockibcdt in order to 



WOMK-^t UIWTKE0. 



«5 



would b&ve accepted tbo eitualioD. To bftttlft raoocaw* 
fhUjr vntb old prejadiceBt uitrenchod ia the 8tron{^ 
holds of tbo Uw, required not onlj Rmrk<;(l ubilit^t 
btut ftttfo a ooungt whi>cb could not Burreitder. Such 
WW Uio utii&tica in cho fall of Ma^ Uuletl'i^ «07ui>- 
tqoath yeu". Griovoiudy dia&ppolnted, but not dis- 
beoTtendd, the prosAin^ QGcesfitwe of iho fuailjr 
dftiBiQd lifiT tixim^jft*« aUeDtion: sometMng mu&t bs 
dono St onc«. She took n oountty flchoot for four 
month*, and brarely went to work again. While 
Cwcfatng, and 'hoanlSiig round/ she prep^ired a leo- 
tmet ^Jostjco M, tbo Supromo Comt,' in u-}iiijh she 
vignnmnljr and tslix^ooiiUy stated her case. Thia lec- 
ture waa delivered in Rockford* Fjc^port, aad mnnj 
obh«r of tho Urger town.-« in Northern lltinou, enlJatiiig 
evf^rywhero Aympftthj and admiratioii in her behalf; 
and what waa beudca, at thb jnndure, a matter of 
aenou9 tmportAnce, tlio faaity puno wma replcnit^od 
tfaerebj. Afwr talcing oounfio) wiUi Licub-Oor. Early » 
A friend of tho family, and <^har promineni neml>eiv 
of the LegifllAtar^, aho dr«v up 4 bill, tha prorUiona 
of wluoh, a# paaMd, art», — 



^ * Bo it e&accod \>j the people of the Suta of Dlinob 
npreaeated in tlio Qenenl Assembly, that do person 
ahall l>e prccltnliHl or drbamtd from )uiy uocujjation, 
proft«ik>n, or employment (except ntUitAry), on w^xjunt 
of Bex. ProTidcd ibal tb» act »baU not be oonhtrued 
to affect Uio QligIt>iUty of any person to an eleotiTo 
office. 

*' * Nothing in this act A^l be con^^xoed aa requiring 
tny £amalo to work on stree4a or roadA. or eerre on 
joriea. 

''<A11 Uws inoonaist4nt with this act ar^ hereby 
repealed," 



woMcy i^wruts. 



MT 



of reserr^d pOTr«n und It is felE ihx* the future bu 
Klmont uiiliEiiitJ!^ povAilntitim in j^irrt for lirr. MW 
Bult;tt !iu, ui adcliLiou lo Utj laeutal eiidunrmeuUi* * 
Rnoptiyiaqas; her sympftthieft ata broad, and hor^spo* 
Uon geniaL Sbo 1b one of ibose iDdiriduab \rbo Int 

HSLSNA Babkai^w dUd in 1670, oliont a jcftr aiUr 
bet admLaaioD to tho bar. She waa &oni Brooklyn, 
N\Y., aod dic<l in SL Loaiv of tjpho^d fover. Tho 
ai«QQbor$ of tho bar mot in tlu; city, and i)^L83od a »ne« 
of ruoluUotu axprofi«iv« of ro«pcct and re^^rtt. Major 
lUoien EaU»ti, in vhoee law-offloe Mtts Baikaloir was 

ttablkhcd for funh«r profo«<((mal slady, tMCiHed in 
glowing terms to h^r ezc^lleDce aa a woman and a 
lawycr- 

At tlie dma Muh Cousins was admittol to Uie Utab 
bu-, as a lawj-cr of St. Louis, Mm C. GnOKom Skow 
Dnwerei waa abo Hdmiltc-d. She U Die daughter of 
attoniey-geoeral of tLa', Terriloiy, and bftd been 
•todjin^ in htv fathci'ti oSoe. TEx: weloomc to tho 
waa g«Deral aitd cordial, A New York papar 

tt«>i ^ In exccutiTo acmion to-day Uio Senato con- 
finned the first woman Uiat haa erer b«en appolutod to 

Stato office. The jiulj'n iwitM! is JoARPiirKv SnAW 

>WRLL. She waa nominated by the ^vernor for the 
oEBtfo of State oomiinauionQr of charitiee tn tho ptaoe 
of Commiiaiotier Manhall, and wna ooofirmed on no- 
,tion of Sonacor Roberteon. Mrs, LoveQ belongs to a 

LtlDgiiish«d New England fomlly. Her hmbond— a 
n^ph^w of (he poet l^owcU — and her only brother 
werfl killnl in tiin hilr war. Otici of ber wattTrx U mar* 
ried to George WillJaui Ourti^ and another Is the wife 
of OoD. n«rlc)«. Mt7. T>iwr;ll rrwdc» in Now Yorki 
and IK a member of the L«die»' LiUi^al Board of CliAri- 
tica in that city.'* 



VOUEH LAWSJlfl. 



ii4^ 



Oratiot Co>, Kwh., uid 1->;awci!9 Coakuv iu OxfoM 
Co*, Jklfline. 

"Tho Woroim'a Journal" of 3lfty 2i>, 1872. 8hy% 
*^ &Im Ahkettb COKtdB of Tiffin, ft gmdaftto of tl]« 
cteeaical course in Hcidolbon? CoUef^* and vrbo studied 
law ono yoor, hoji madv appUoution to th« f^ovorDor of 
Ohio for a oommidsioD as notary public. Her applioa- 
tAOn utrag referred to the attorDfj-goiWTft], who ox- 
presa«d tUa opinion that under tbe consdtutkin and 
lam of tho Slato cuch commUsion could not bo iivticd 
lo a female." 

AUo, ■' fn the city of WaAhingioUt wlifrro a frw yca/a 
ago ocJored «roiii«D were Lioo^)it »iid svtlil under lian^v 
tkm of Utr, a woman of Afncaa descent boa boeo ad- 
mitt^ lopracUMrat tljo bar of Ibe Supreme; Courl of tba 
Dbtrict of Columbia Mias CiuHLOrrtK. llAY, who 
baa tho boDor of htlog tbo Bt^i hvly lawyer in Waah^ 
inS^fotu is a ^rodoato of Lho Law College of Uowaid 
UtLiTOnitj, ahd 1:1 -vQjil to be a diuky nujatlo, posMHCS 
4iute an inteUif^ent coanteiiauce." She dotibtlaea bas 
aUo a fiD0 mini, and doMrrce euccwA- 

''Tho Woman's Jouraal" of Oct. 22, 1870, gaya, 
**Mia« Fraucks a. RoTiiKoroai), M.D*, Ita^ filed bar 
ac«eptauGo of the offlco of City Physlolan iu Grand 
Rapida, Mich., aod tekan tba obligation mlminisrered 
ty a fvinnle notary jiubli*:, Mita JcxiA Mofttntjitrt, 
anil fliili?ir>?d upon the dtw^harga of ber (liitit^^t. GratM) 
Rapjd.t u a city of k:x*i-i^] tliouiiand ioItaUu^ita." 

Ai£0. tinder date of Feb. 19, 1B70, "In lllinoiH, Mra. 
AttBLIA 1I0&B3 hoc be«a dcctod a JQ;»tico of the pcact 
for Jeraay Landing Townahip. by a majonty of tweoity- 
m Totos. Tbis u tbo fir«t woman elected to ofGoo in 
Ilhnou/' Mifls Lizzn Uunv waa appointed rcgiBter 
of do«dain Kaxuaa. 



WOUUI LAWYUCS. 



651 



vfaoui \]m! li&i] ntit mmn for two y%ia^. To acop eliort 
4>t thu co£t A Mvere atri^Ie IteLireeu niji(«rmLl lovs 
ftii^ iluCjr. At Qiu doae of tb« suauoer t«rm, liowa^nr, 
sbti n>» pcnnUtcfl bo visit bcr fiLinilT, sncl to dafl}] her 
child, DOW Mveu yeara of ^o« to lier lMh«otD> Slxa 
rca^aiDc^l in tliia echool for fbtir joara, picpttring in the 
tur^utimo her dui^hter for the junioi dep&Haeiiti and 
Ukiog her 6iBt«r through £bo entire sonimwy coune. 

*' At the breaking out r>f the war in 18151, m^uy of 
the oldi^r young men of the school volunteered in tb« 
««rvi^. A moiMt louetin^ of tlio womoa of tlio ci^ W4k« 
oalled, which waa very lari^elj att^ndsd, and a tsooioty 
of lUl the churctLVA formed, of which Mr>, B. A* UoNall 
WHa made pi«tildeDt. Acoustonwd to ovg&Dix« and 
femukge into cIusm hundreds of youn^ womeDtfiht waa 
iii>t long ill arruuglDg itito eommlttevtt tliU mum nt 
vAnifnt, jjoneraas womanhood: Miid next daj Ringue- 
bnrg HA\ wuv Hhfi imn tut WrIuv*- in milting, bailing, 
aud &tit4:hiiig a11 Llie heloii^itr^A ju:d aoooatranetita of 
tbeaoldier. It wtui nob long Ififore that gallant regi<> 
Dent, liie Tweiilj-tiphth Now York, wtio oIoUlk^, led, 
ftnd jihcltcrifd bj the women of liOckport. Many of 
thesn flleep In honored Boldkra' graven ; some >till Live 
with hononiblo Mon luid a proud record. 

*■ Mn. MeNaU oontinued pfetiident of thii Awocia- 
tioti tiDtil she left the ei^ in S^ptembor, l^viog 
rtaign«d hi;r too anlnoua dutiet to «^copt the pontioo 
of pTeceptr«b« in the G&in«BviUe Female Seminary^ in 
Wyoniing County, X.Y. The Nchool building vrad soon 
AfteFwai^l burned, and &hd remained in thii quiet UtUe 
purifJtTiiu town liiU odp ymir ; but dining her stay con- 
duct<*d two lat^ Bible-dawea, one of adulta in llw 
church and one of young women in the scLoo], and 
coriduct«Ml a weitkly pnver- meeting, bcAidcN her mtitina 



VOUEN hx-9rrsEB* 



eo3 



Iftw uad the Coufltit'Jtion, uid gAVc spcciul ottcDtion to 
llic Coiviuliir Mnouol. But iL u iKil always bjftina or 
culture that till officcsi but the nioro spCfcUl qu&U£ca- 
tiouof fcx- DiMppomtM in lKrapplicotioD,»lkO turned 
lier »ttoation to Um acquUition of tUo SpaabJi l&ngtiAge* 
The >'«ftr following her muria^, ncarlj tweoty jeart 
from the birth of her &r»t child, 6 <Uugh;6r, Jefifii«, ww 
bon; to inn, ThU child wJiw a wcll>pn[ig of delight,— 
A Htiu}? sunLeam tn the hoube to botli her Aod her hoB* 
:biod. But olw for hoiQiiii bopUM 1 ftliu di^ at tho ug« 
of «tghieen moDthj, after hftving endeared kerwlf to nil 
who kncir b^rr. 

"Af£«r Ujtt Bevem blow, <» dndiug couitolalioii onljr 
'ji »»v«r« mental oieiUon, — »he tesolrcd to puraue the 
ttudj of Uw, aod rcguJjirlj applied for udmiwaon to 
Coluiabta College, hardly dreaming th^t eo rea^nable 
Ml ^^licAtioo vooJd be denied. Dr. Guoige W, Sun- 
'wuii then presjdeatt replied to her by Icttt^r titat it iraa 
docmcii bj the &«iiltj and CoUuge Board that 'her 
preeenee would diattaet the attealioa of the fttudents,' 
and declined to admit her, nfter havLug iurited her to 
the opetung leetnnw. The next year the KatiotuJ 
ITDiveisity Idw Class was formed; atid in conDictioii 
vith it a da«a for ladJea wim opcoed^ fUieeii aaleriag 
their namea." 

Slid wiw aftrrward gnuluatcti, and admitted to the 
bar. 

Mbs. M. ht ItiCKKR, who wiu lulinittfid to tltb l»r in 
the Dbtrict of Columbia in Ma/ la«l, b aaM to lubTo 
pAMad the bo«t exainiuatioa auiumg eeventcen applicniitSt 
all men bat b<tfMlf. She wee specially well veiled u. 
the lavr of rva! f mpvrty, a branch atualLy deemed to be 
a little ahovv tliu hmiintEio pnictilicD>jr. 

Uk0- JuijITM Kll1£H VijaTKJ^ afiould bb meutionod ai 



WOUBM LA-VTYVU. 



•57 



lowing fHGtn una funiUhi'tl by a fnrtidt ■Tbl» tuifoDt 
dcttircU «ii4 npproncd bjr oibtuitl frieiiil% pcomiatd nwight 
but }oy and blewodocM. But eloitdw *c>on gttUwKcL, uid 
ftftot yottre of poverty and toil and waiulnriiigi to and 
fro, Btid y^ia altWfipU to c>>T^r up and be^ir t)k« sbikiud 
tliiit cam* booaiuM ifaa bon> bin iijld.v, duiLiiij^ iviui \etl of 
Aia And mnmngn b'lt two c^biUlrr-it fix* ber to low aiai 
rear. Id tL« bouK of a bror^Hcc sbo put oa vrtdoir'a 
vreadk aadd^r fivr tbim tbos-j tlubt couio at d^.ieii.' 

*" Ua-Tiuif pecut^d a dWoroe, the vaa luamcd to Uoiu 
E. C. Fodtvr, wbo U a pronaineot hv^t and poUticiiuk 
of Iowa, a tifu-loi^ tuiiapnrance man aiul Piui>aflt« work- 
ing ChrU^iLn. 

'*Sbo read law tni hi kla eut«rtuiiim«uL, aud tdusc 
warda bj bit a«gg4»ti<Hi aad udiIct bia ftaperviAon ftbo 
ptuaucd a ajateaiatic tsoarao of Ittg^ atudy witht bowfircc, 
no thought of fidm;uio«i to tba bar. Sba r«ad, with bor 
bablei ab{>ut b«r, and uwC^a<l of amiiaiiig borvalf vritb 
fa^bion plai«fl or flotion, Mtich WarDed Eoiuet aa Black* 
atono and Ki^it, Blslwip and Suirr. SImi nismr lud an 
anibiiHiii f>r public tpeilLu^g or publb iMv. Altlioagb 
reared in tba Mcthodut Churott sbo had Doreri antil 
about tho linie of tbe cTu^^du, licArd a woiiuin proocb oi 
le^uro, but ifliOti ihvkt tramput bbuit ncouudcti, nbis in 
ooiauion vrith bar »Ut«ta, r^xpoadDd to tlia call, and 
Miicd up her voica id protiwt agaEnnt tba iciirjuity of ibe 
drink tcm£&c. Ilcr accoplamx with Lbe jwiplts juht afi 
tbo timo iflboQ she bad com|:Ieted Ikcr li^^^i atndica 
•eenl4^d a providduual indication, and bcr hutband ««id, 
* 1£ you oun talk before an audience yon oould bcfora a 
eourt or jury/ and ho iniii«t«id on b»r boing axaniiatid 
for ivltniiuuon Ui t\w lar. Prior to tbla XJtiM flbc bad 
prppariMl plva-llngH uhd writusu ur^gunienla fur th« [*0(irL«, 
but withoQt formal adLnlwauii] aha otiuld iiuL |i4?r3oiul1y 
appear. She vaa ujuaiiti^d, wtmitlcd, aoii took tlio oiUh 



woM£ii LAwnxaa. 



6» 



Wli«Ui4rr laaJiing 1]*r gnM tw^vboan' nT^nMnl for tho 
CMietitutiom^ AmeiKlmf-nt^ r« i^h*^ dji) uiglit KiUtr ni|jht 
for mocoafltve moaUift in the Norlhwettl, or fuUouring Llt« 
intncaoi<» of debate ui a conTe^itiuii, ctiid acting a pmycr 
mcvrting between tlie tcoHone^ ItuuLing tbo moMo of an 
outdi>:r mating. im«w«riiig Ur. Cro«by iifc Tromont 
T«nQpU, Bo«Uin, pleJtdiQg f^ woman's ballot in Iowa, or 
foe prohibition in Wiwlitngtoni wb«tfa«r pla^lu^ tviib 
Iht boys ut liocn^, rvMlliLjf Plato In i\ui ctirx praiieUlitg 
ibe gp^jKl from ft iinr-gciods box on tbr* jrtnsct ootDer of 
hrr own town, or spcftlitng in tbc grcnt ubvmacio il 
CbautAiiqii.'v, Mrt. Fo»Ur ia alwaj-a wilty, wi^^ and kind, 
and iboT'MJ^h niiatrcas of tbo eitoHtLoo. Her huaba&d'a 
b«art dotb mdt\j trast In ber, uud her boya gWy In ft 
tnodwr who cunncit onlj «iy wiLb Con»lbi of Romo, 
*thowi mrtf mj jewels,* but wlnse greut hear. tmtichv9 out 
to r«»Upr« to tbe rifled coAkei of nuiijr nuotbvr woruftn'a 
borne, «b«MioA jiron^ drtnk Iem stolen tbem, tbeee gems 
of priiwlcn &mU Best of sll, aho lovca tbo li^ord Jem? 
CbrUt, sod abova 1i4>r diioE joy, doaire^ nn^l labom to 
buUd up HU Kingdom on Uie Mrlb," 

Tho KtunLion tjf Htv. Dr. Samson's nBUDO affordi an 
tdmirabJo opportunity of tilling the wise and witty 
ooun^ of otto britvo iinci-«laTpry Cbmtiaii womun of 
Lh« c«Eitujy. Mnt.&lAET EtiZAD&TB HERfttcnc,:! native 
of Bovrrlj. Miuw*. and now in AmhersU N.EI. Tho prc>- 
alatcry DJ>„ wtio waa a alaveHiwncr aIao il c( believed, 
wm0 occupying tbe pulpit of tho Uaptiit church in 
Beverly, on ezchjicge witb tbl^ j>jkitor. For a Lot^ time 
there had been an tnti-aUvciy praycr-meeung observed 
by flome of tbe ucmbora. Mrs> Hcrrick wixjUj tiic 
tiotico; aiid the doctor witf, after BevenU ottetupta to 
dodge the matter, obliged to read tho notice of a mee^ 
nig to "pmy for Ood'fl imago in bonda." The ill gnKe 



ft60 



WOUKN Oir tHK CEXTDBY. 



with wlilcb the tacit reproof was received mm/ ' 
inm^ined, and also the scarcely reprea&ed mirth of | 
aiiti-sLaverj women of thai ever ffutbful cliorch. 

"The Hat of lli^vye^3 may be incomplete, but probil 
it will never be leaa. A^ tho yean roll on, womea m 
yers will bd an DUmoroua aa women pliyruciai^ ftitdj 
euccestiful. Many a girl is in our public scbooU U>4 
wbo will become, in ber degree, a FortUk 






THAPTRR xxrr. 



WOMB> JOt7B»ALlHT3. 
9inri»Lrlm — AiudU Dku(a«r, And oiiKn. 



•» Word* 4» tttitLpi ; uil ■ mttt dta;h Af tnfe. 
rUTlJit Uv <W* ii|xin t tfcti^Jua |«vIh««» 
ThM (rUrA nuA'* 1finiT«uiU> pnlULiit millloii^ tbiiik 



It«409. 



"V^ ibtftaNd^t lUfiin^eilitwiMr.'^^JLTtioiii ^, It. 



VERY utauy woBtcQ aro jounialbto iin<l rcpott<r9 In 
our liind. Sonw Iniv« l>een cxccedingl^v aiicccaa- 
ful OS cclittiFA; and no morti ^pngfitJy anii acoe[jla1>l^ 
wnt^rs \wyr- bceii eounccU^ with tl:« neirspup^r« of 
Uie drty, 5inoo ihc daya when MargAre: Fuller wrote for 
"TJic Tribimcr than the women wLo *r© w Iiov© beoD 
oonnccU-ii witl our b«t pajKiw, One of Uicfto toUinj? 
beneCactoi^ witb^be pen is known to chlldnD fiu* and 
irid*r fts *• Aunt CiHTii." 
*'Cauolikk a. Sol'LK Cn«/ Wbil«) ww bom in 

Ml 



WCfSiXK XirBKALIBTS. 



««S 



irg the oollett|*ti« of the v«D«nblQ BoMft Bal1o«t. [a 
fuiw, I84&. d£«y remov^ to (ilDuc«[«t«r, Mama., liffioiD- 

1^ ehnt]^ nf the pmh to vhtah John Mumy hMd 
lionnerly [}rea<rh<<(l, TIi*? cluniito rtct ngrtn^ing with Mr. 
Sou!is t\ujy removed in KIav, 1840, to H^rLrordt Conn., 
tht!< birth|>1;ii^r- of Utf? fatbi^r »f ^f^H^ Bi>a1iv In Aptilt 
1851, tlrti healtli of Mr, Soule reiiulriiig couutry life, 
they r«miovc<i to Gnuiby, Cotiii., where, idthough fulfill- 
ing tho liutics of pafiCoT to tho Utiiveteatbt paEioh, h« 
d6T0t4*d hoiirv fonncriy givtn to study to out-door 
exercM. in the witninn of the aame year, wiUi p«iv 
leetly iMtored lioftltb. lie cont^Moplatcil a wider field 
of tiMfatDeea, and on the 30tli of Peoember remorcd to 
Lyon*, Wayn* Co., N.Y., to boconi^ potftor of a Dovly 
organised p&rkh, hU family remaliUDg in Qranby. On 
tlio 29tb of JAHiiAry, 14^2, Mr. S<>u1e died guddonly nt 
Lyons, of sDuH-pox. Mr«, Suule «u Ulum left a widoiv, 
irtUkiitiL A miljt of warning, her hiisiiliarid hiiviiLg been 
dt?&d &ud hurjed Hmj dnjrti ero tLo letter aiuioii Doing 
hk deociii<o came to haixl. She was a widow with flvo 
chDdreii. three mmu a»il two daughlens — tlic tMr^ 
Bcren, the youngcat ono year of age. E^ho waa left 
with tho cqatomary pittanoe of minUtocf' widowa, ^a 
libnfT of a few hondred rolumcA. and throe hoDdred 
dcUaniii bank. 

** But sho wna ikot long idlo. In her girlhood she had 
written a few artiolea for the MWipaport; and during 
bor wfddod lifOt at ono time aselatod her ba&baDd in 
editltig the * CoaneetJcuL Odd Fellow,* a weekly [lapar 
pnblt&hed in Hanford, Cotin.; and bad coikinbuied 
■cTeral Utlvn tn the * IIjirLfiird 'HnuTft/ and a few to 
llniTer&altst papers. And she now looked to her pea 
for mnaiia to proridr for hrr ra;Ucrlc» hoiiM^bold. 

**Two mootha after her hui»baod*i d«alh, f*he com- 



■ 



VOUBX JOUftNAU^TB. 



«66 



being i>n>Dii'tctl by har Jovo of nghti to do Iho Iiard, 
disaj^TMablfl work, ^hv fUao wrote thr«d books, 

* Hotao Lifo, or a I'c^p »ciow tlio lliroAbold,' ^lli^ 
Pet of th« Settleuvut*' and 'Wine* or Wfeteri' the 
lu^t ft Unperaneo stoiy wbieh liu fiino« been copub- 
Ukbed Id a Wcttteni paper a« a vvruiL 

**An afieetion of tbe aye»,whkb th/eaMDed bliwttiesSf 
oU%ed bei to rerurti to the Kaut ; nud irom IH64 to 
1d68 aho accfimplii^itd but litlU^ liteiuiy labor. Tq 
Jtiljr of tbe btU«r yvarnbd (wtted the tint minilMfr of 

* Tike Guiding SJat/ a Sunday -tiuljoijl piiper, of whioh 
mLo wan Ijolli proprietor tuul (nlitrir, nnJ whiob papfir, 
now IQ ita MveuLh volume. aJie Hiill reUma uzi uidt- 
Tidiial proper^. Sidoo 1867 ahe Ium beofe a rteidcnt 
of hew York C^y. apetidliig bier days Id aa office awaj 
dowQ towD, aod finding I'cct at lu^bt at ' (intent** her 
iuiproi«?n<diu^ little home m Forclbam, Uuder vereral 
monu d4 fium<j ahe baa t>oeii a ooftcspondcDt of the 
diflennt papen of tlio Dtuverealiiit deixnnkuicion, being 
al0O for Mveral yoaiv the editor of the javenile d«parc- 
tnent of *Tbe Chxietinji Leader,* and at one tiiQe 
editor-in-clii«t' for several uoothtf. Sbe has been preai- 
deot of the * Womau'a Ccnienaiy Aecociatiou,* the 
ool/ na^ooal or^aiuzadon of wofoen In Ibe Cniver* 
nliHi. Cbutuh. frtuD ilit Ht«rt in 1869 lill now, during 
the ^ear \rilA tiaveltiDg iieuriy Lwtaiiiy UiouHniid nules 
in it« behalf. 

** Her Itealth fjutiDg in the wiuter of 187 5, she sailed 
Uff Euiope in May, and remained till October, couJin- 
ing hex travcU to Engtand and ScoUand ; and while in 
tbe latter countr)- preaching acvend tixne^ to UniTorBal- 
iat famiUjMs und leotohng on tedoaperaaoe and tbe 
bigbt:r education of womaUi" 

A Cincinnati papvr tliu* refcra to women in iotmal'- 
Lam,— 



WOUKX JOCENArrgT*. 



mt 



ftre i!v«rbiuy; uid notwithsUcidiii}; her rrgiil&r nffWft* 
paper duties the work of ike t?an»lfltor vid oUronicler 

Aiiocher welt-known nain^ In ihe aame de|>artiiient ifl 
tiiAlof Jfnsir Junb. wife of D, G. Groljr, inHDaging 
editor of *Ttf« Wm-M/ hml tb« conUnliing a|iirit iu 
*£>cmor»l's ModLLI/.* Mrs. Cittly'a ccnucction wiUi 
thfi ' New York Praw,' piobaMjr tUteo farther l>ack 
ti^An Uiat of aujr oUier vrocann so engngcd al [trcacat. 
She dijuororcd her litcrarr power» T«r]r earlj io lifea 
and rcadiljr le«rtied to put thorn to prodUhlo me ; at a 
tuDo, too, whoQ men th(» mo^t appredatirv and kindly 
difrpo»cd w«rfl iDcUned u ndiculo tbo idea of wouian'a 
lltnow for any braikob of joamaJiain. Sho w%& firat 
coga^d on * Tfaa Ttm«t ; ' but, on tho afUhlEHhnneDt of 
■D«moro6t*a Monthly,* the entarpriaing prDpriotcira of 
thHL jH*nwlii.*id olfvred her a larger ittlaiy, and AnUced 
her awa^y to the sanctum of fafihlon. Hi^re abe haa 
nmnuiuHt ovi^ridnc"; and from thiTn* huT«i gnn«i fiitih 
the tbuuhMiiIs of ntaiiifold letierA which liave nvide her 
n^m d* pluutt a boiu«Sjnld natno tlniiighout th« inixL 
Thi3 apiUtnx of cotrMpoodenoe waa originatod by 
*■ Jenoio ianc' and proved to be one of the hnppy hits ot 
her Hlciaiy anter, I)eg:nmnjf, of cotmei on a amall 
aoaJa, she gradually won hor way aa an authority on 
qticjiLiona of dreoA, tiJJ t«forc many yt^trn ueaxly orcry 
pTOminent jotirnal in the couctiy was g-ad to boaet of 
^Jiaamo Jimij' m [t« faFhiun conLnbutor; and to-day 
that braneb of h«r work alone reall«<« to ita pcojcotor 
a liaiidjome incooia. At one Linio »he prop^rod and 
dMpiiicheil every one of these letteta herwlf ; but long 
mncv alw dtlcgat^d that unenxiuble tii«k to aoompeivnt 
derh, eoutt^r^iiug hantisK wUb ai«n^]y diiuitiri^ the 
fona, an<l afterward ap|>Topnating the grvmbaclc 
retuiDA, miuitti a oitrtJiiii [ittrventage- 



WOHKH JOORNAWSTB, 



«49 



iUnt comment bjr thnM wHcwn linxiiioim it u to tnok otit 
tin i^i-iit; ftDi] Uie reaull wsa an mviUtioii to jdIii iJie 
sUlF. lu rvTicwibg tbc piut, ^ be My* of bcnclf, — 

*' ' T thuak Htavcu Uiat I know ho«r to work. Should 
wjy iKiiig lupi>en to mj lilcrttry proepccto, 1 eodd 
make my Uring u a dr<v<.Hmikkert milltoer, B«ftmfitrM8« 
hojMkficpcr, cook, ot laundrces. 1 Katc done mj own 
hooscwork. OTtd gloried in it ; bare m&do my busbond'A 
Bliirt^ ftud «'^bed and boDed tiiem, not only b^cami 
1 couJd ro&Ily do theci bettor thati u profotsSonal laan- 
dT«ttH, bat in cider to eko oat a reportor'e meagre 
»Uiry.' 

** Mr». 31 ABT E, DoDOB U'one o* o*ir moat ftuowesful 
fit^rary vorkera, aod ehovH what a woauui oui di> in 
litcntaro. She i* tbo diiugliier of the well-knowTi 
Prof. Ma|>efl, inrentor of the fcrtiltserBi and oirn« part 
of th<f UUerV farm, two milna Uam Newark, which ia 
uni1«r tire mausgeiueiiL cf P. T- Qiiinn, fonuerSy a^< 
cciltui^ cditOT of ^ TliO Tnbuncr/ and author of aer- 
eral hooka oa fansiug* Mra Dodgo bo^ a aaJary of 
three tiioosand dollan from 'Hearth axA Homo/ for 
wnticg exoio^Toly for that jonmaU She excels par- 
ticolarly as n writer of ohiJdrcn's frtorioft, and combinoa 
aoeuracy of (ttct with bcaoty of style. Ifer etory of 
'Hans Blinker' shows great care ai^d *tndy,andgireea 
ririd pioture of Dutch life and adrentiiTe. Mra. Dodge, 
Uiongh the mocber of two boje, wboA ahe iU|>|K)rU at 
coUcge, ia young, luindsome, and lively as a girl of 
twenty, and ia exoellant eompany." 

TJio rhaadclphia oorrcapoDdcot of ''The WUmlnjf- 
ton (Del.} Comtiifircm" «iya: — 



A patagUKpb in one of our city papers roceatly 



670 



TFOJIBS OP TttH ucMTinir- 



eUumcd tay uttcnlvon, t^feniag to wooiMi 
Uie pfces. 1 do not «p«ak uf Ut^niTy wmDon iit 
old f^itc4, but of deiiWnU uid gcuqino d0««s 
workers, who do ju«: w inocb vurk u nivn do, in 
cuwN hetttff th&d nueti, uid noaHr bIw^vb itiora 
SGieiilirrQRlyH The noRount onlj mrntiDnrd bdiv 
ncdul witJi Kaw V»rk pBi[>er( ; but II wiU da ao I 
wlion Um liat b ravbod, lo add tlio ti4mo of a Ptiil 
]>Ki& vrit4}r. I rofrff to Mw LotrtBB SrocKTo-r, 
litenur utid oatL^cal editor of 'Tbo Motiu&g £ 
Tboro is &ot ft man oonncotod w&Ui wa oc 
who irriteu vith moi« power «xk1 cum* who hu » 
itylo, and (wlut b bottom tbui bIjJo oyob] 
DMira idGOAt Lbui Miw Stookton. On nojial 
fl^«ciftlly (wo all hftro our * forti,' m A. W 
to say, or wUftt our frieitd* daU our fortML, 
to inaob the «amo thi&^> ahe in uoC to bo ftp 
berMbouciK fiolibor do I find h«r of|u&l uotuig Uio 
IToA oHtioL" 



Mrs. Klizabcth Cady SrAjtmy vi<l Siaat 
AocTUOifT Frero editois uid imipncUirs of ihm' 
|i«|)er o&lkid "Tho RovohiU'niL" In iho \Ve«L *• 
AgitAtor'* WA.^ al&ried, niid Mm- ?k[A&T A. Liri 
VM oojiooolcd vriQi il odlUintUy. aa »bi; wba &Lm 
bar fauAluudti jmjivt^TIw NiTwHomtuuiU*' Sbfi 
afU*rwanU for two o« Ultm joare. oditoc-io^-Lief ol 
osc<<l]t]i)l " WoBUiii** Jouroftl/' of which Lrcir B: 
ftud JrUA WaED IIOWYftTttali]] odiUin^TooQ] 
Mm- LJvermoio has doiio « TAAt ftnoittii of edji 
woi'k, and Miv. Howe wu fonoci Jr ooonootod mUi " 
Bojiton CoDun'iuwmitli " o'lifohuUy. Hw. E'lncnaj 
Hakai^rd wu editor for tbrvo j«ar» nf tho *' 
K«poctitory. *' a moathlf nugw&t of ik» Unii 



WOXRtt JOimNAlJAr:^ 



«7I 



iniblwhfKl in IVHiton, and nt tbe muM Um« edii«d '* Tho 

of tlio childrcD'A dcpAiuucnt in " Tho UuiTcriAUfiti" of 
which pttpc^r. oaA &lao of ** The UiiiTen<£lUt QuEUtcrl^,** 
Abe read tho proof. For xaanj yean |fierioiiB «bd bad 
rtportcd rorTutoiu pajrcni,&ad al^o written editonaUy, 
book ctoUcca* &c>; aod tho routiito of ofiico-work ivaa 
veiy fdmiliv to hur b^oro Bb« bocnmo cUitor, thought 
doahileea, there was '* room for uuprorement." Mib. 
BXNiUETTA A. Bif;{3nA3i followed Mra. Ilmiaford on 
the '* Reixiailory ** and *' Myrtle,'' and prav«4 henelf aa 
aUe editor. Un. EuiAaKTU M. Drcok b tb« pres- 
ent editor of the " XlyrtJe/' FfijUfcEs Ellejj Buke 
bA^heen editoriAlly connecteil with her brother's^ paper 
In Hart/on!, and di^pluyeil similar geoiu*. HARKifir 
N. ArtiTt?( ftn^l Or, M. Cuua Bijlnd have ably edited 
|ieno<licab, literary aiid hygii^k. SABtAH It. JoT 
Wbub atid Nellie McKat IltrroEUfsov have abown 
tbciBeelvee OKoeUent reporters. Both vrritc adnumblo 

|>oeit7* 

lira* Emily Lsb SuairooD was bom in lk[adi«oa, 
Ind., on March 26, I8S9, and traa daughter of Moaroe 
WeUa and MMty Lee. 

MaiUsoD is mtQAted on the southcm border of la-^ 
dioAa, and vraa once a very briak btuanece place. It ia 
separated from Keatucky by Ia htJi* rin<r4 Ohto, 
and aunxmaded by piotureaque tiillB, and pojaeues fiJtea 
for many fine vievs. Her lore for niiture U rooted ia 
luiT ajtUvB hllU, over whieh ihe wandered In aearch of 
early EpHng Hotr^ra, or to enjoy a fine vi«w of Iniut- 
scHpn or a luu^'nlfiotat iinDMeL 

Her falber waa an arcliitvot and a builder, a man of 
fine oonvenwtional powcnik and much gonerU intdli* 

< llf>«. Air-vil s liun> 



WOMS^t JOtTHNAI-lftTS. 



6T3 



pursuit of m »oltJ«?ni«nt. W1m;ti Uip war nf Ri-lM^lliim 
nccorrml, hfi wc?ut tn an privau-* iva^ {rromoinl to 
oolonol's staff duty, after which ht« wife joined himt 
ui<l Tcnuiiiied on relidlioua tcrritOTj for ovcrr & jear; 
irbHe ibeif, oonUrihutccl socae*'wmr sketches" for ftw 
iliAnapolitf pap«m, aI«o for " Ladicft' ReiMsitorj." 

After tbo v&r she epont the first wLnt«T in Uariettft, 
Obio, her hu.iWjd f;oii^ to WanhingloDt D-Con lioxi- 
ficaa, fonued B parloeTflup, and ther^ tbey now reeido. 
Sho eay» of hcrw^lf, " I wii» bom into a UniTorftaligt 
borne* Have contributed pnncipalljlo d^Dominaiional 
jooniab, * Ladies' Il«pofiitciy/ 'SUr io tb« W9«t/ 
* Leader/ and u> 'Dally Comraerdalf* Indlaiuipolls, 
Ind. ; also 't>aily Repiiblicnri,' »ni« place. N^ver 
Bared any Uiing T piililialied. Have tio acrap-lnnlc. 
Have been a Yomcioiis reader and fititdcnt all my life. 
Mybk^tc iiKlint-« toirard 'biography/ or the csMy style. 

"Muaic, |Kiii]tjng, geosDetry* and FteQcb have all 
bccD pursued under prirato instmction, — don't con- 
ader myMlf good in either, — but tbey help to form 
onca taat«, to t«acb one to reaflon geometrically cor- 
rect, and embelLtth one's hoim of tabor with cle^atil 
Bonrocfl of rclaxatiofi. 

^'My diapoftition ift domcaltOf — toy homo aud iamily 
the first objeeU id my TCf^ard, although I am not in^en- 
iiblc CO tho pleavam of a liternry life; and, had I not 
been married, no donbt would haTd followed my tadrtee 
for authcn^hip aa a profession/' Mr^. >Sherwood is a 
woiDAQ of the eentniy who will be heeid from In tho 
fnttir^. if health allnwH_" 

RlDiA &foLU>T, the Sprightly vtltti of tin nlitor, 
and herself e^itottally eonnecced with an Elkhart, 
Ind., paper) with " The Advanco Guard,** a tcmpei^ 
anco pUeet, and with other papers as ootreapDndcDl and 



WOUEN JOUBXAUdtS. 



675 



{Hx^St nnttl I 1>ccAai« iBdiKpeDnable to my liusUaod. 1 
link every trae woman foeb a pdfli} in Xhn Ui'iiighl 
it sha ui trtilj^ » WJpinotft ; aulI I Mi ^re&t pnde in 
my buft&DMa. We {^r&dually irorkexl oat of dt^bt, uikI, 
having a good opporUinitj Ui ki-II* moved Ut CorUand. 
N.Y^ where ve bought * 11m Cortlacd Joamid,' and 
■ Huiuex Honldt' boUi pjtpen bciog pTioUd In tLe 
'Cortland' ol&co. My licaltiL uot bdag good in tho 
»t, however, wo a^in disposed of our office, cmd, ut 
Mroeftt BoHcitaUon of btinnflaa fneodD in Elkliart* 
■t&nod ' The Duly Qbeerver,' b iUipubiioui pftpor. 
,Wheo the Crtuodo •tonn fint TiToke upon tUu Norlh- 
^, 1 laftmcd for the first tuna my oratorical powura. 
At e larf^ masB-moeUi^ Id my own native town« at 
^bioh my honored friend Sohuylei Colfax presided, I 
my dfbvt. Am 1 atocd Ixifure the vaj^t tlmjtig, 
all the waYiaof eorrow, that had goiie over me duriug 
weuy year« of my f^r^l marrii^S ecemed beating 
tn the v\iomn n( (i^vVin^ ; oiiil living theo over agiub 
«nabled twt to toudt ihe tender chord* of very many 
in thn audience. If I have any eloquence, it la 
tt bom of florrov and a haid, btttor alruggle with 
world ; and my «oiiL yeama over the vaai army of 
flplc^M women who und the breakers too much for 
leir&ail UUle barka. la it any woador ao nuny of 
go down ? At proAcntft added to ray work on the 
* Obaerrer,* 1 am editing tho I'oliticial K'^fofu Depart* 
lent in '1~ho Advan<je Guard,' — the Stat< temper- 
lee organ, published by Hon- J. J. Talboci, th« Grand 
'orihy Chief TemjJar of our State, I have more 
"call* to lecture In the teaiperaiwe field Wart than I can 
fiU ; but there is no monfy in Uy and my llt«nir>' leo* 
txinm pay much beU«r. Next aeaaan I ek|)ect to 
derota my lime to 11t«rary lectures.'* 



WOUES JOOtVXLUTfl. 



dl7 



TlM!r«t b <mt edlLot- w]ii> baa jivmhI fratn Mrtli who 
Khnll not be (oigottvii. From tho biographical Bketoh 
puU»1)«l in Lbe Tolndo " BaUot*nox," of vhii^li 
SjLBas B. L. W:xxiAit» u editor, the foUowiDg is 
token, almoAt M m wbol«. It iru vrittcn b^ Mn. E. 
C StaotoD : — 



VRd. PAUUVA WBIOtrr DAVIS. 

** Paulina Kcllc^ v«6 ix>m in BLoomfield, N.V-t 
An?. 7, 1S13, tha vary day Cifil. Hall deHvcicd up 
ib& foft $X Dfitioit Hei fiLthftr wba a YolunUer in the 
army, 

** Her graDdikther, 5u:ton, vtu ft iwloQel in the Beriv 
lotion, and belonged to L«fuy«tte'ft «tafF. 

" Her jiArentA vera oonAervalive in bII their opin- 
ions, remarkftbly fin«-looliijng, lthI niaonnrly aiUulied 
to nch uther. PauUnft. tlifi Ihinl id fira olilldreii, was 
alwavA thoughtful, senutirCt and delicate. When ehe 
ir*« alxiul futir yejim old her gnuidfathi:! liought a 
larifo tract of laud at Cambria, ^ftcca miles bom 
Niagara FMs, vhcro bo cotjUjlitfbed horaea for all hit 
ohildrou. 

" WbcD scron ycaie oldtaho waa adopted by an aunt* 
and EDOYod to L« Roy, K.T,« whora aha waa educated. 

" With BQcb anc«atry aod oarly ozpcmDOMi wo can 
readily aeoount for Panlina'a lova of fraedom, awl coor* 
fl^ in attaching tho evila and fal^e custotna of eocioty. 

■* At tJio 4ar^y ago of thiiteon Paolina joined the 
Freehyteiian Church. . . . 

^ She wag a r^ligiona cnthuaiaHt, and in ravival lo^ 

[WHU waa ona of iIm bHght and BbiiUng lighta En eihor- 

liatioa and prayvr. When sbo waa about fifteen, a dia- 

ctuenOR eamo up in the church, an to wiethar vonwD 

ahootd he permitted to epeak and pniy. Some of tha 



WOilEK JOCnKVLraiB. 



tf79 



''Msawttd zeal to aDti-fllftwry, t4niipMiwc«, monl rofona, 
ftnil Um edottUloo of vomeru 

" In tbiA wnj thdf p««cd tweWg bftpTT T*<**^ togeth- 
er in mtitud im|iroTen«nt, and 0DK»prr:iiiim in ercry 
good work. 

'' Mr. Wri^hl^ tiavjug ft deltcnte or^fitiAtion uul 
great execuUve aiilitj. waft ooDSUntiy tftxuig liia 
^powem of mind nnd )>ody tn tbo utiDOtt, unUI at laat 

fell a rictim lo djniEiepdia. which, after a long, waat- 
tllaen of two j'ean. tcnninntcd hi;t life- 

'* Uaving improved her letiure hours in th« study of 
ftDOtomy and physiology, Mn. Wright commeBoed hex 
public work noon af^^^r the death of ber huabaad i h« 
having hccn auforULonto in bnaEteSt she was ttirowii 
on h«t own rfifloorcca for support. 

** As oar^y as 1844 ^a bofptci her loctitres to woia«ii. 

Slio imported from Paris the £nt femmd m9deU that 

WAS €ver broiif*ht to Uiia country, which ehe recently 

|iroMrit«d to 'Tltc HomtmpaLhic Col I ego for Women^' 

tjb N«w York. 

"tn 1S49 aho was agnin nianiod, lo linn. ThoiDiia 
DiiTiH, a nun of weiilUi, iic^itiori, aoattd oicuunn aense, 
and great nobility of ch^rsctcri Ho was a mcmlicr of 
CongmrQ oao term, and of tlio ltho:le laland Legisla- 
ture for aeran years. 

" For Doarly three years Mra. UaTia pabli:ihcd ' The 
UiLa,' aJmOdt at her on^a expeoae. 

'' i'botigh Uts. Davis had no liTmg children of hei 
own, yet the bast alecaeaila of motheihood weve devei- 
opod in ber character. 

«*She adopted several sons and daughter, Bome In 
early infangy, brought them up with tenderoasa and 
eAn^ Hers U not the mere jcelilch auLmal infttincc of 
loving Its own, but & reaj love of Uio many ple«mng 



Vro»lUr JOUltKALtdTS. 



681 



A nut^tiAt and BtatitfCicol point of viow, m nutia nacijUly 
do. 

** Tbns out/, ilio thinks* can wo trcr bftvo tho oom^ 
p]et« huBumun&n idea on Ui«m man^ important qnat- 
tlonii. All lifgi)iU::oii miut ncctwrarily be feigmenury, 
er> long ds one-half tb« race gl7« U no thought what*^ 
evirr- 

*^ In 1&7t she again vUitvd Kun)|HT, in oompanj vrilh 
bex nioce and adopted daagtiter. Sho sjwdI two jeata 
ahroad, making ezieuMve trarnU aiid many pleeaaiit 
acqnaintaDOos, and aqtm d«Tf>tcd h^n^lf (|uit« ear* 
ootljr to art. 

*' She took Io»ond of Ozul Matka in FlDrcnofl, and 
apoot much of her timo in Julianas Ufc-echDot. th« o&l; 
one opea to woraea. 

" In Paris aho iptat hours «T«r7 day eopjuti? in tha 
LouTTd and Lnxemboiiig. 

** U«i honsa is docora;«d with maaj' fin# oopioa of 
old palntinga and a few of har own orc-tt-on. 

^ Har anthusiann in both art and refono may Beau 
to aosne a alngular cotabioation ; hut, with her rtew of 
life, it la a natural <mi«. 

^ On tiM 29th of May h1i« aailvd f<kr Atncntfa. and 
reached her home in safety ; Imt the dl<Kaa« tbaL IimI 
been thrcatccung hor tar yvatE (iheomatic gout) began 
to develop itaelf, until in the auiumii she waa confiued 
to her room, unable at Uincd even to walk. It wma 
thua I found her in a lar^ arm^ofaair, qtiii-tly making 
all her prcpar&tiona for the sunny land, resigned lo stay 
or to go, ch<Tcrfnlly to accept tiio inuvitjibiot whatever 
that miefat be. She rests in the thoufi^bt tbal aba haa 
done what ahe could to leavo tbo wotld brUer tban »ba 
found It. Sitting at the twilight hour, hand in hand, 
after a long silence, aha saidt * Hciw petty tho ridicnla 



WOUttN JOtrEWAtUTTfl- 



«^ 



ID Peoria. She 15 held in loving Tcn^embriwce hy iUt 
wnter. A^uu-u BLonuBn iuj<l Janb G. S^nsaasLM 

ivB eacli labored cditon&lty in & m»tQiber to doaerve 
tlt« j*nttitiidfi of all ircmtn. litO|^|ihicuL akcU'hos of 
tbwn iDnj bo fotiiid in tlio *■ WouiAn'a Journal." " Mrs. 
SviMhelm itnnod 'Tbe Pittsbuigh SiunrdAy Vigitor' 
In Jtounrr, 1848, using for the pviipos« the pftiriEDOoy 
left Ui^ by bi-r mo'.her. It 1in<t but tlir«« tubociibon 
'vheo ibfl first numWr waa ifisued ; Lut the »treel w» 
btookr^ 6)r liffur* })y m crowd 9'ftitiiig lu A{iipcHfanov» 
LAnd tQ a ftLoil tiiui? iJiti etn^ulatiiui rfcacb(*(l nevt-n thuu- 

iDiJ." Mr*. SwimScIto'* life hn* been ono of ebadow 
ftikd alniggl«; and inunajtU. m> that she Kaid to Mnt- 
Ivigb, *' Oh 1 but it is good to bara lived and mxU 
and Forked* to knotr thai tho Lord ia orer all* 
and tbat nothuig can go wrong with ua if only vo aio 
.ligbu- 

Mrs, Bloomor's paper " ' The I-ily/ wna the first one 
.ftwncd and conducted in all itD department* bj a 
[Vooian, and working in the int^reeta of woiaen." So 

kO aajA lionMlf, and addjf, '* *■ Tlio Lily ' probably- 000- 
tains the fullest buttonr extant of the ri»e and progteai 
of the woman'* movtrnurtit for Ibe finit mix yean immr^ 
diatelj Huoeaediag tta Inauguration/' 

lira. R. C. Hallowri.i> bas made a grand aucoeea in 
editing "Tilt! New Ceotiiry,*' tlie woman 'a paper pnb- 
liabed at the ceniennial. " The Woman's Advocato/* 
imbliah^ ia Dayton, 0., m 1870, was edited in jiart by 
MiBiAv M. Coui and MAnGAunr V. Losolkt. and 
a valuable adjcnct U> the cau^e. Of counte it is 
labeied th^t MAnOABrr Fc7LLK& was ono of the 
editors of **Tb« Dini-" I-auba C. Hollow ay bbould 
be meLtkmed amODg able reporters and jonrnali«te. 
In It^TO CaBIUS YoinfO oommoncod tlic publicalion of 




CHAPTER XXIIL 



WOMEN ruiNTima, 



* A Marfvn Oil Oia iHliUor^ vi: 
HtfdGi «iv lli« rnnttivi of Om b««'l'' 

Htm. IUlC^ 

"Cb flat cnr vwk wcvf fiQiif vrtlMal Ob Elm Opx «vm fttiMd IB • WAr *— 
JAtla. a. 



IT i9 DO wonder that " the art preservadro of all 
Artv " Uiu bc«n t^rmtrcl u " dtvino art," riiicc it pre* 
serveii for us ao msijiy higli tbougbta and b!e«sed worda. 
and is the meaiia of spreftcting abroml so muDb light ami 
jojr- *' Evti; the Clirii^tian n-ligion, with it* dSvfne 
power urmliled \iy the pi'4*<t. wiin but a Huht umler a 
bnshel; aiii] lliouj^li evoi ^uarileJ fi^oni otliikcliim by t)ic 
hand \}isd ptuuci] it uftoii inu-Ui, it gave huir a taper 



wtfr« a>nJu£(ifil ly tadin, tourtMQ of whom w«^ tb» 
firm Kod uiuiftUQted clidi&ipioTia of liberty and equal 
tjghtm. . , . Mr^ Fnuilclm vrtut noi ouLjr ■ printer of 
laws, Deivhpa]>ers, and aTmaiikca, but of calioo«a wicl 
ll»«U!i^ whkli lOin advertMMM] hImi wotiM nUimp in figDr^a 
in *Tory lively and dosinUe colors, aud wiUiouL tlM 
oSbwT* joQcl] vrbich comaiotily aityrnd^ tin^n priotad 
here.' Th« bttluoitabU ]adi«a uf 174j>, mufl h&TO Ut 
nodci Tcry great obligntioiu to Slra. i'^DkUu forginag 
tLem «o choioo tn aiticlo for tlieir wanlrobu, 

Mi«, Suah Goddftrd wm ft printer at ProvidcDCo. in 
1767, --a lady of f^ood eduoaCiou, uud ii£iui«gi?d bo^ 
atwvpcfwr, ■'The Qot^tte/' ivitb abUJ^. She oftor^ 
wimU 60im*Qt«d herself in buMncw with John C«mr 
under the firm of Sarah Goddard ^ Co, f>b« died in 
Pluludilphia in 1770. **The Boatoo NavM Lcttor,'* the 
first newspaper In Ara^ricavWaa condocted during eoniie 
part of tlra R«TolutioniLty War by Uio. Mjir^pmst l>n^ 
per. VVbt^n Bohioq vaa besieged by the Engliab, all 
the n(jw«fMipe/v but h^rr'tt wtfn> Mi^ft-ndud. Sbo loft tbo 
country with her frieudis auJ the Unuiih government 
settled a pension upon her. Mnt. CoftlVEUA BaAl>- 
ro&D. widow of Andrew Bradford, who died in 177-, 
vrae for a number of years in bufiincos in i'hilodclphia, 
and, what is (jnito reinorkablo. rulind with a oom- 
petency* Mrs. Ja^£ ^Vttkun, al^io of Philadelphia, 
aucec^drd bvr futhi:r iti 1 HO:!, and f^ned Gond«dArablo 
reputation &om tbe productions of her prets* Mis. 
ZutOER oLrried on her htihband's bu^uess after hin 
d«a:h, and conducted **The New York Jouroal" with 
grrat ability until 17-4^. llor husloind waa a fiery- 
cemperod man, aud wm fretjuetiUy in pii*oa for ItbcJ 
pToaeeudoDfi. She is r9pr«<wDted hh having poaseaaed a 
hunlHlike tlneiliTy. 



tl 



I ij 



d90 



WOMEN OV T 



U»* SkUBv lloi;r lo«t b 
hi* pl«c« At ptiMi^her of ■ 
toon after which ihn w«« 
Th>t journal, it U r^mvlcM 
reptiUicsn caiue ia tho R«i 

AxKE Cathbei?^ Ott 
hudbuDil in piiMishing * 
AunmjHiliMT Uie finit |ia]iec 
executed tL« Colon/ prictii 
OoDDARD w« ft^r a loDip 
M&rYlftud Jounu]/' Tli&t 
brotlier, WiUmm Ootldnnl 
oeYeml tunas tnolib«U for bj 
back to Frovidcocc. ilis i 
and GOndi]ct«d ibo pojwr To 
for m period, or nii^l ITfrl, 
Ah« vnm Q* luwpann^ in h 
but the fact that she wore 
saved Lfir from the viol 
wea ffabjecled. She mtf t} 
Qoddarl, liertrtofora «pok 
Gfiddari] A Co. 

Vllgitiia Giia*lc*," and rf 

Mm, EUZABSTU TucOTU 
ton (ia7.ctU\'' in Soutli 
daughtJM^fii-law, a vridoir. 
Uiu vran Sbo iva^ jippoint^ 
held tbo oflic4i until 179^^. 
CbaHei Croneb, Um in Kb 
bond ia the pubJk*tioo of 
oppodtton to the Stamp A« 
continued It till 1780, when 
teriabt lo Salen, Maai.^ and 




WOUEH rJUlTTXttfl. 



C91 



tnd oon^uctcd it wiUi mudisucetM. E^cKSLOi-a Rv$- 
«IXL, a Tery «&t«rpming woman, suooeeded li«r biu- 
Tnnd in puLiliihingnndtHliting" Tbo Censor/' at Borlin, 
in 1771. She used to set up ber ovru ty]>e. Rod pot 
k^Uicr ilin wlitorbl "LwiJcm^ Trwa the type-cmse, 
withoni the previoua aid at iȣwa-, jwri, uid ink. Ah, 
tbera were woreon m those dajal "TIm llaitfurd 
CourantH" long one; nf th« boi condtictcd ^tajjcrt in 
Nev EngUiMit was for two years pubUabed by Mn. 
W^otHon. Her bn«baad ditd in 1777. Km wm tokoD 
J&cm htr flditoriai chair ia 17T9 by a new hiubauL 

So anob for Uio pnnUr women of the olden timo, 
accordiDff to Mr. Boboock. 

h i« t^cLi^vcd tbat wonen of later timos ato not in- 
ferior. A few emtnpleti wiU here be ffirfto. 

Mn* A. J. DaNiVAT of Tonlud, Oregon, is not 
only en editor, bnt ^ pracileal printer, as b aLo >I». 
£itNA SfoLixiY of Klkbart, Ind. Mra, Daniway fint 
earned a »;ewiiig<rmtdLine, then^ by Mvrlug, earned |irces 
and typ«- '* In the mean while nhe reared a bouse fUD 
of l3oy» t4i print her paprr, at. the head of which she ia 
now apowiirin Ot^^foii. hucyStoue aayn cf ber, ' Thl^^. 
Dtmtway makes an excellent paper, which wo always 
]i;}ok for aiul value aiaoug our exehanf ea. TIjO ixeah- 
neaa of the great North-wcftt is tn it, and it always 
i«apccto itoclf.' It is enttUed ^«Tho New Norih-Wttt." 

" Battle Crook, Mich., can boa^t of two damscU, Um 
Missea BuSAnVTH ond i«Vi>lA TATLom who have for 
five ycard been emplo^red u oompositora in the oCGoe of 
the ** Jountal," of tl^itt pliioo- Tbey have made from 
eight to twenty dolluri per week, have aupported a 
Whdowed mother, have kept boose handaomelyi hnvo 
bought a piano, have taken muie-lemana, bave given 
one hnodred dollars to the Baptist Cbnreh, and have 
eavod twelve hundrtd dollant/' 




WOUEK F&ISTCEa. 



693 



In ftn ol!ko ui Nt^vr York, st iweaty-flvQ doUua pet 
week- Some lime Ago tnro natori lofl tb^ ofiic« to uk« 
pontioTn od » Novr York p^i>er. to whom we iuid paid 
neailj MTfiD tbonsmd dollar? for tjpe-oottiog. Of 
couise aucb hnnds Are the best : but wo luve Tery good 
haQd5 ftlvrays ld the office. Wo hare ver; geDonUjr* 
bovcvcr, found tlxb to bo tho rule ia regftfd to fooaJe 
compositota. Thej do ool oa» to earn iMyood a cer- 
tftia uioant; ftnr], vh«Q Uiftt fignro ft rtAcbod, tboj 
MOcn to haTo all tLo money they require, end are 
perfeaUy onrelosB of any thing extra. Tbey may not 
adtanoo eo &r in rapid iypc-«etting ; but It li a facti 
that generally f^lrls Mrill get abeaij in thrae weeks to 
where a boy will lake six to altaE/L la aii ofSoe tbey 
are mora agreeable, leas disposed to go fnmi placet to 
plaoe, and, aa a genttnLl tiling, am morti rultable \Xismi 
male ccnipocutOTa. To be imre, tbey mitst bare their 
own ; but they itctdom want more thno ie right- Our 
entire newhpai>er b the work of young ladieft, and 
cToiy type ia eot by them, adrcrtieomeste and all: and 
the 'miike-up ' Is a young girl ; and we bare no fore- 
man in the newspaper roomai a young lady acting in 
that capacity." 

While editor of the " Ladiee' Bopowtory," the writoj 
had ample opportuotty to moke the acqouintanoe of 
die yom^g womeo who were the eompoeitors (one of 
whoca, NfaBOAJtBT WKiJusoToif, was competent to act 
aa foreman In emergenoy, and did bo), and fonxut them 
anccesHfol as print«n*, a:iil amiable and high-tonL^I m 
wometL Some of Uiem vera welt*adncaied, aome 
even aocompli&bed ; some hnd geoiua for writing; 
and it is a welUknown ^t, that one of tho Grvt 
wTitera for diat magaune, id years gone by (Ura. 
OBARtoTTB Jaaaot^) wos a oompoaUoT there when 




WOUXK intUITBltll. 



4m 



from a Mfiotu SLod uttled aCTocUoa of tlia lungs fti>d 
Uiroai, and outbid to Bpoak aloud n-ilhont ^rett oxer- 
doD- Sb0 bad Wn ordnrd li^- her jibjukuut to l«kTe 
Sprtngfidd iminedlatd^ if she wished lo 6ave hex llfOi 
and hnd nitJi thfi^r only ch\h\ lirfrn vlnitittjr frii<tLiU tn 
the u>tintrj firr tJ]ir« vk«rV-i, wlteit. oa Ui« niiiruJiig; ol 
tbo day et>e v&s cxpcctiiig to bc« bcr htiftbiadi a teli><j 
gram waa broi^Lt h<rr anuoiLnctit^ IiLi Auddeii deatli. 

*' Foiar daiya later found her iq the prinimg-offico* tiy-* 
mg to foh'c Uio problem of hovr to keep Uu; ■irolf*'^ 
pKtaidt the doort with aa iodoIveDt estate, a broken- 
dowQ bun&cM, a heavily mortgaged Loum, iu>d titil 
baalth nor capital to work Tith; nothiuff bettor 
gosting its«lf, she dct^nuinod t^ tako ttp the basioi 
bar biuJMmd ^Mid l«ft^ aaauulng tba indebtcdriMN : to, 
ko^Hng tba boy already tliera to do the lesser work, 
abe oecutad tha t«rvioea of aii old priutvr vho had loi 
ago ratited from a fiiDler'a life, but with troa liiendU- 
oaai OODMndng Ut i^-vav to birr aid xmiU. aba could do 
better. In a UUIa more thao a year aha aticce^led in 
maatering every d^p&itmsGt of th^ work don«< ld her 
flflSoo, and dl)i|ii«EMijg wilh tb» Hirrvinnt nf In-r kiiid 
tirieod and helpor. Sbe Iiba continued to do the 
erer sinoc. with the aid of only pdo workioaDi who bj 
iM>t fidiabed learmo^ die btiatneaa. occa&iocatly Lirii 
an axtn band for proaa^work vbeu thcro hoa bcc& 
auffldaot buaixMaa to make it advisable. The work la 
all dona vitbout flt«ttm, on two Uordon pro oaoo . 
oigbtb, aud half medium, aod a FtanklJn liand< 
During the annual vacatlona of her workmao^ Mj 
Sktlllcr liaj performed not ocly ber u«tud dutic^t, but alao' 
the entire routioe, from op«(timg the office in the mom- 
tng, to wafting the roUera a&d pi«aiea and cloaing the 
office at night The Maaaaaolt Uonse daily * BUI of 



ft1)6 



woven or trb osKTrrnT. 



pAfc ' hfts be«D ^innted in thm oiBre myy A^' 
Sundays* that \Kmg dono S^tuidAy] for «^ftrM^ 

" For Uiwe rcmrt Mtn Mii W hM b«n f tntggtiag tu 
tlie dJaftdrmnbigQs of H] b^ltU, liAnl ttmeit ffntll 
tol, Htid clo» oomf«tition ; but ftbft bM pi 
her eixi?«von to mn^ on th« VvltttM, tad 
booorziLIe Uvf]!bond. and b tfill cheerfully 
hoping for twttrr HvneR And 1«1ght«T prKp^cbi.'* 

Hlxti iLNi m)g!it lie v^trwlp<l, bat iDQ^t cloM 
with & beni^diciioD on ill those who wv tl»i caib] 
stick w a Accptro g( pow«r. 

It ouy iM>t bf5 JimiM to cloae wltb tfce statement 
"il VTU A Wr who ori;^:iftt^ tli^ nm of pri«1 
JapftD. TIm bmpreiA StiijoatiklDi, ffood mq], iftj 
anoA ol » vow, diwct^d In tbfi jvar 7C1 Ural a 
flciall wooiloa p«f;odia kbould bv dittiSbuuvl amnci^ 
RuddliUi Ufuplea and rnDtuatoriaB of iIm «m] 
that «>ac[i ^^if^nM ccnilun a ^iimaal oqL of tho 
VtmiU m'fWaim «Sa/ra. ITi-j Saii»krit tnit of tbe 
nnta vaa to be pHnti^d In tba CbuMM obiuaeUr 
cf paper alKiot ei|^ht««n iQcbea long bj tvo isi 
ao u to admit their h^h^ tmnW roHM 4p and 
tnto the hollov iuterkn of tlia pa^^odaa. Many of 
a1ip« ar« stilt preaened In tho loooasbify of Hafti-Hi 
in Yamato, and Fiu>«ifniW nf mcm of tbctt an 
foKDid in Japanese antiqiianan wctlca* CcukOiaietir*] 
diTtdMl ia opinioa as to vboth«r ibo pUt^ fmm wl 
theae imprtaaioiu wrtv takaa wtra ol a»atal or ol 
bat tia ina}ority hold that thvy v«re of mttal,' 




CiWVTEU XXIV, 



WOUtEK UbUAltUnff. 



Of iiwhicni iHitrifAuiy ' fifrt «r«k(nii*«ii4aMkcnh 

Ttici*i(Otv All- mI i^1« nu:ki> Ivt f dib ^f f*-" 

II ■> UVtAX* 

■' OJ avhlM wvr t«lu tftw* b *fr mA." * BMt^ ilL |^ 

HAVCs'G nwd witli gival i&lurosC the noirg^pvr 
accoante oi llie Ubnuioov' ccmfarcuco iii PUUh4c1- 
phU in Oi^tober of ihe ocnt^ikiJal ye«r, tbe writer ^taa 
pleait^ bv the &LC:t Uiitt tiom* l.vlipfl wvrc there, bui 
rvgr«tto<t ibAt iK> Bp^oial meoticMi w£ia made of ttie capa* 
bility cif iMjmc vfita<»n for thni pKi:miv which re^wiivs 
A love f»r hookw^ ftome »t»iioljii^hi|\ ii dmir*' f^T unicr 
Kfid executive cnpAcilji vnih no IUtl64>nti^ce ami diu- 
cenuuent of ^rhamulvr. Tlin PlulAdrtlphiJi pnparr, vfier 



6M 



WOMKK or TUB OPtTP B T. 



ipealdnir of tbe uca Itbrviuit giith«r«d io U&s 
*^T1>tft wu alno ft Ciur nfiraNst»bOD of A 



Ubtviuki from dlfferait 
ant* Tb9 foUoving rvfi 

LocrtSA Rioa, lluting!! LQvnvv, MUvotiri ; Mlv 
43KrB K. RoLafttirl Misa Liiuiiia Mjltthswb, 
MaiM. ; MtM R. R WinrxKT, Concmml. Mam- 
COBNELU OLUSTBTt, Wsd^vorUi IJtinij, 
N.V., and Miw Panxt J. UoCmxaou, oT Um Bi] 
Libnry* FntnouU Ohto. 

Mr. John WiLlittn W&IUcCi io his ftzo^leat i 
cpf irelcoBi«, UiEia refoTTod to the Uhfrndut ma 1i« 
abooid «Ter bo^ oad ■• Mma libranatitf (Uka J< 
SiUcj, and PVodeno VintflQ uui otiken, who havo 
th^ writar wbeo to Mirch £ir infbrmatjflo, m);- 

^* GenUameci, a gMxl blmmaa hu erer beea a 
bla miniMar to Jauan. Ha has alvujra Mood 
tha wDrid of antbota a&d Cba world of raadara, 
dndng tha haldunts of om qihara to tho baUla 
tlt« DtJiiv; Uit4rrpr«IJa^ oftaa olncsritiaa whai 
&u)i b vlth aothora, Enaparting oftan IniatUgaooa 
the fatOt 19 witb raadan. ThU, Ida aneleat tl 
■tin puocaaea. But tti this 6mj and Ibr tho Ton 
b oaDod to DOW uffioM uid to higtMsr dktiaotlcniaL. 
ptofcndom ImIuh^ to tha Kiofwca. Ra ro^utroa 
of the flneat &cnlt«aa of mbd. Ha lahaa h>« 
with phCloaopb^n^" 

AH thia ta«x bo aaid of aoua women ilb 
cepacudiy if thajr an i& soms apedal »axu« 
touihao of acieooe, aj wm Maria Mitohxij 
astrooomar who wu llbruian of tJia Kaatookai 
uaaun for twaoty )-au%. Ho ooa oodd bo nora f 
tbaa itM waa. Hor plua hM ater aioae beco 



WOKRK LtBRAfttAVA, 

by ft womftD, SAiLAB J' BAJiff Aiii>, who bas verrod so 
dO(!«riiUibl/ u Ui (ill tbe |>ljiCd for mukf jean. 

Mrs. Pahola Uaakiu^ i^m Appointed St&t« libm- 
liaain Teiicic«*ce In 1872. In tbd town of Wftlthom, 
BUbb., Miss LoiLiufZA HaTOc^i now a prescbor, iru 
for oiAay joan ia cbArgo of the town library, uid per- 
formed herdntiee with Mality uad «Q0C«a8. Sko wu 
oo« of tli# most efficient libmiaiu, ncd porfonnod an 
inoredible Bmouni of work^ for wbicli th« lalary wia 
baldly n fitting racompoTwo. Tn N^w HAven E1.IZA- 
nirra G. Tqdd has for years served fiiibfuUy m libm- 
rian of tbe Young Men's fnx;itiit«, now toi:»t«<1 m the 
old 3tAt« House, 111 tbe town uf Bn;viit«r, Mmh., and 
in Enany other New England lowiu^ women liavfi 
MTTod with entire nnocesM. Mtm MArriR 1!. Afplk- 
TOV (now Mn^ Brown) wan an ef)!id«nt iJbrariau in 
Reading, Man., for soTer^ yoars. Ilaying prepared 
eaCalognen for three nabbath Acbooli and for Bcveral 
private librarios, tbe writer b ready to scktiowiedge 
effort roquirtHl in the larger Libranca of towna, and 
beepeaka for erory Jibruian an adequate salary and 
suficient help in the details of book-doiirory. Libr»- 
hee are great eda4ȣors, and Bhould be esuhliobtfd in 
ovary town and city ; and a £air share ot them thoold 
be put into the bands of women UbvariaDi ^ to whom 
rwMLTch is detightfiJ, and with whom there U do eaoh 
wordsa"^/* 



I 

4 



4 



do, and still 1m rfigardtvd u tgruultnhate. lUv. Robert 
CoUjer sUtM tho following : — 

** Nin« yew ago tUet« vrts «a old mmn Urtng in 
Dutclinw Cdxuity, N-V., who ownni n f^rm of k1>out 
three hu»(li^ ncrtm, uud liiul llinto cliUdivJi, m hmi uad 
tiro dftTigh(«rBi He WBs sn old num Uien, and jiB«t 
work, aud bw ikhi managed thc3 f&no. Ttea Uia old 
QkUiBiado ftpropooitioo* ]lo could itot Uv« loTtg, «tid 
vaot«d to dinde Ulo property in tUa mumer i Lq 
would diridft it int& two halrea ; givo ibe Bon one kalf* 
ud the other hftlf to tho tvro dAUgkUrSp Then ilie 
Ma bumIo a propoMtioD. The propcrtT wna worth ^tn 
elovcD thoofluid to twol7o thousand doll&ra ; and ho said 
he would AfiU his &h&ro to bia Bast«rs for fivo thouMnd 
donu^i oo oondidoQ that they would take eara of the 
old man w long m« hir tivod. On* of thete sisters, 
ft smallt delicate peraoa, acta for the other, who it 
tORtething of un mriilld. They agrobd to the propo- 
sition ; and then the flnt thing thi^ small perioc did 
wh«n Hhe got bold of the Innd, and fotrod hovvelf in debt 
fivo IhtiUKand dollani, tran t<i run m d^flit four tbouimnd 
dollani utora* witli wliich she boagLt new stock and 
iinplenjcnta, put her buildingx aiid fcncea into good 
repair, and got everj thing aa a vocoan likes to aee it. 
That waA nino jcara ^o. llor father lived fire yeaia. 
and got to be BO belpleae thai she had to wash hb face 
for hin and ehaTo hiia, and wait on him hand and foot* 
She fell ai^ h«ja<If on the atraia, and could attend to 
nothing for eonw aontbft. Uuc now that whole nino- 
IfaotuaiMi dollar dcht ia paid; the form in ia butter 
oondition thanit wu when she took it; and she haa got 
ao forehanded that ithe ia able to go Tonnd rUiting her 



VOULN AOaiCETLTCEldre, 



703 



HBS. TUPPEE'B U19T01IT. 

^' No womiii] in lows hm borno AKJgher rcputfttion for 
proliity of cbftmct^r Utan Mra, Tuppei< Sho w«a Ikito 
&t Providfucfit R-I*« in 1822, ood w&» tho daughUr of 
No&h Smitli, for QfL«en yoftiv First Aft^tant BecreUry 
of thd Unitod SUtos Stoiato. Hor coothcr wa« « ««- 
tor of Henry Wlkooto&t tho veil known ftutbor of a 
trtatioQ OD lnt«m&tioikttl I#aw. Mr*. Tapper wa« given 
ftU Uu> edaoatiooal advuila^c* wliteh iv<«lth ootild pur- 
ehaaa, aod at ao oart/a^ won local dutiiiotloti as a 
magaoDo MffayUt. In 1S43 Ahe marriad Allan Ttippar, 
a wealthy lumber maicbant at Houl-on, Me. Soon 
aftar bia haaJtb fattod, and hU buRimwM and vealih 
panted away. In ISSl tbe bcnlly w«Dt Wea^, and 
located in Wanhinglnn County. Up in UiU timri Mnt. 
Tupper dill nnt ktioiv wluit it wtw Ui laliur far oven 
a day. Ne«eaaity fltared them in the ^a. Soveral 
Mtnall cliildrrn must ba oarod for a« well as an mvnUd 
husband. Sho engaged to teach a school ; and taking 
her babe with her on hoiMhackt daiJy aha went to h«i 
■ohoo), and attended to her bonsabold a&ira' when oul 
of aobool, She soon brought tho school to hor own 
housot and thus nnpportcd her faiviljr until 1837« whoo 
fthe turned her attention to t«o-<m]tare. Id 1872 she 
ramovod to Dos Moinee, whsra ahu hu ainco raddod- 
In the m<4kD time her bndneas has extended to every 
State in the Union. Har Labon hava boea sarara and 
onan»ui, Hor oovrenpondenca was eufflolent to absorb 
mo&t of her ticoo ; yet she panon&lly packed and at' 
tended to all her thipmentKt beudet editing one or two 
oe&-journsU, and writing lor MToral olheta, and fT«- 
^uvntly going abnud (o luetnra. 

"8hft wu alfio one of tha regular lactureia at the 




WOUKN AOnionLTtrfttSTS. 



Oft 



!|uert «ztnuiU rmm a ob^frful, chitnK:ti;rUllo VUrr fmin 
lbl» noMt) woman ; — 

'' ^ cktfr Fnaid, ■— * Tbo old jev \ic6 m djring/ aad 
thd gum 016 firing orer it, aod the bdb aro hangijig 
all Jtnij to * Hug out tbo old* ring io the new i ' oud 
all tho world Btaada rndy Io cry, The kiof; b dead, 
Un tbo king,' u» J write Co you. Yours of the £dth b 
reoeired; uk], withoot tbe leaat affeoutioo, I should 
bo glad to give j-ou iho purtictilac* of my Ufo if I oouJd 
ihlnk of o/u worthy of b pUco la yoor book, or in any 
lioolr. But I baTo n«T8r dooo any thing, nor beCTi 
aiiy thing, bul what ought to bavo b«ea hihI douo 
■iQcli IwUer hy reason of my blessiRgs aod opporto- 
mti«i ; and I daro iu>L inyM^U wnici ettlten lest 1 tiliould 
either tLnderrato thoon«, or overrate ihc other, 

" I think my ruling trttitii aro industry and a lovo of 
ayatenaatao arrangement in all work, etudy, or recn^a- 
tion, and a elOAO »ymputhy for all animal and regtitable 
naCorot as well as for humanity. Botany wiu) unoug 
my earlii-At »tndi&-i ; and long before I could read 1 
lored the honey-beea thai have ^ee beeome my most 
familiar firiendi: and'yvt I never lived a week at a 
time in ibe oountty, until a dozen years ago, when, by 
reason of the feeblo health of my bnsbaiid, we w«re 
obliged to leave the city, in tbe hope of prolonging hin 
Uftt. 

'' We have a iaim of twenty acres. All that b dome 
Q^n it i« altogether aud entiidy uiuler my direction 
and my |mi»oua1 superintendence. There is no mystery 
and no bardahip in it, I have ncTcr found any hin- 
drancee that a man mtfi:bt not hare found* and i think 
not quito so many ; for tbo whole round of fnnD*li/e it 
a pleaaura to me. 




VtftUEX AORlCm.TDKmtH, 



TOT 



igf. ToQ know ihj» ftnaouDt of woik [n (lie trmot pub* 
BfiatiOB. f li&ve fttteQile<1 to tin.- sUreo^pto^ and tho 
prinUDg, bought tht paper, rckd ibe proob, pocked, 
directed, and tnailcd Ihem all, yriih occAsiocutI clcrU»l 
UBuUocCi and Iulto kept tbo tx)olC5. 

*^ I har« neror, in a ringlo tostaoco* b^on nudo to 
foci that my s«x yraa eitfaet a biodnnoe or a Uelp in 
tbia vork. . . . 

*'Tb9 la<1y I told yon ftbout In tke tugar oamp b 
tlia wife of R«v. L. F. Porter, Connoau trills, Peon^ 
coo of oar minUt^n, 

^ I fjbtnJt hi^r ujunc la CharloU^, but f am not attre. 
I aiR nira sbe voiild Le gUd to r^ceiva a lottAj* fmm 
^oo. For a ntiaibcr of j-carv lliey lived near Brooklyu, 
SQW|tiebaDtia Co., Pcnn. Sho lia« neTi^ lirfn regularly 
ordained {hy man} ; bat ftlio baa preacbed witb great 
power ard aoceplanco for laany ytam in the nortti- 
eut«r& pKTt of the (^tato* 

^Tlia itoiy of tbo sngai^camp iru told to mo hy 
Qbadiab Bailef » an intolligoat and leadini: taeraler of 
tho ebun:h at Brooklja 

■*Tbe oorrkca of Mrs. Porter were d««ircd at a 
funaral a faw inilea away, and Brotber BaiUj want to 
her bouse to oarry tho measage. 

'* Sbe wad ibot at borne ; anil he vaa told, that, to flnil 
hor, bo woulil have t^ go ont Into t^ ingar-oanp, 
wbcTO Bbd was pfigKged in gatbering tho maple aap, 
ani] making it into ac^ar. 

**It waft nlgbt tben» but hb Cffraiiil admitted no 
delay. So be droro a§ fax aa he cotib] follow ibo 
wagon-path ; tlien, aa it waa quiCo dark, he hitched bis 
hone to a tro«, and walked on aa best he could by tho 
Hariigbt. 

**Pmently he heard, on tbe «1i[K frosty air, a 



TTOUEX AOttlCITLTimiSTd. 



r» 



Mrfi. Thomas ham be«n roqa«vUd b^ i 1etl«T in 
'«Tli« Wocaan'0 Journal,*' signed bj Ph^be A. H&oa- 
ford, EUen E, MiIm, Ada C. Bovrl«c, Carolina A- 
Soule, EUutMMb Iv. Cbm^bill. Bud LucrelU MoU^, to 
ptppMre a voluino in r^g^rd to fftrming, wliich vmj b^lp 
nUwr wiffw-ti tu tUe pHw^e and tndt-jwndniM of m ano- 
ceeofal a^cuhnnd^ ; and ahe baa promu«d u> do so if 
ld»tij« U aflbrded. Mi^ tfao publicaUon occur »oon, 
that caanj iromen may Uueitby ba bleufrd f 

t«n0w«dVrib0lnn(ir«ds«ia»fifilM|imaalior, Lacitda BiMt. "Agftai 
omAD Tor tbt kBQDk," ht* ** Tba vrrimfttfa JatintX" 



•WOMJDt mSTOBLASB, 



ni 



T1i« {trv«H u-\ht i;h tijut *'Mr(. M. J. T.AMB^ All intelli- 
geot Imdjt Ktid A rejvlj nm] practtMrd writer, who baA 
canned tlio difltinotioa of being Uie fint wi^ihaq admiU^ 
to Uio active membership of the Nev Vof k llistoncftl 
Sooiet/, Ua4 been At w^rk for tt» pvit lixtacii ye^n 
prepftHn^ t history of tbe I^ptro Citf* dcnvcd not 
ontf from the staodud aooroe*. but ftbo from fkmily 
archivod of correfpondeooe, memoTftnda, Ani papers of 
T&rioiu kindx t4> trliich hLb hu been gnuited AOCMi, 
among thoM wboM fathofs and mothers wore cloeely 
id«atified with th« aoriy dajH of th« city, portiGuliirly 
dari&g the Rovoludo&ary period, and the euUcr pan of 
this coDtufj. Tliis book t«lU tlie wUolo Ktorr, fmo the 
time of Henry Hudson and tlio ■ Hnlf^Sifoan ' down to 
tk« prenent d»j/' ' 

Mrs. TkfnTtiui Jo«nnA F*Amb« binhpUce ^ik» Plain- 
field, MoiS, tibe noA the daagbter of Alrin and I^cind^ 
VtntoQ Koali, and the graDddacishter of Jooob and Jo- 
anna Beode Noah. She «aa nam«<l fc-r her f^nmd id other, 
Joanna Read4i, wIkO desnvndod frooi tha R«ad«« of North* 
amberUuid and Motcialn Bngland. Mr*. Lomb'e «r!y 
J can vet« nouble for htsr luve of matbematfoe and uf 
oompoeitioo. She bad written numezona artlclea and 
poemB iMforo ibc woe ten yean old ; hnr tint piihli«hed 
article appearud about the age cf thirteen, in the " Ilanip*- 
shire Ooxecte/' Sbe nrotd ooi:aaii>yial fugitive artkte 
and poe>mt, hot It wai not until 1S9S that th& devoted 
hendl t-;ic]ufi]vr1y 1» literary prxiduetioa. Shfl liaa taniM 
that tjme written, not only bcr fnmoua ■* HUtory of tho 
City of Kcw York," in two imperial Tolnisee of sixteen 
hundred pagna, hut '*Tbe Homce of Amvrict*." two 
novelf, — "Spioy" and tliA '^Bioken Pitcher/ — ten 




irOUIV llUTOUlAMk 



7W 



;t«i7 bono, ouTiftge* utd cart ia Um p3ftc« wu b 
inuitiofu Everj tn&n acd ercrj womui old ooooch 
pj>d hig oDoti^ (^0 vBs ft Diiftot oousidenUou), w 
yrho expected to grovr<>ld OfKogh and Ug oiwi^bito 
Tot« vu prompilj at Ui6 poUe. Veblolw mr6 goiaft 
oonataadjr to ukd Crom the diffotvot poUs, aod every 
p«noQ TDt«d at every poll. Hanled women voted u 
well aa Blogle wotnufi. Throe sisten, the youngest sged 
fiftceOi chADgnl tJiflir dreans aud tlieir oaniM, and 
voted MX liiueM tavh. Two of tbem iie ttill living, 
utd reudo id Newark. Meji aud Ikij-h put cm WDmen'a 
dothcttt ia Older to duplicate tibeit votes. Never woa 
there move reckless proceeding. Newark wt>n the 
ooiLrt^u»o« and in tbe ovcoing illumiiiated Lenelf, even 
to tbe tope of Jier iiteoploi ; caonoDH thuodor^d and 
bellowed, exid lUl the tar aud apple bartt:L4 wliicb could 
be gatbered in for mil«a around were oonaomed hy 
fire.- 

lire. Abbt Saqb RigiiABDBOX, who baa been a eao- 
en rfid vmtcr in various doparUaenta of literature, baa 
reoeailj Cnn>ed hut atuntioa to biatoiy. Sbe is tbe 
author of a Toltime entitled " The HUtory of our 
Country" pnbluUi<?d by flunl ^ Houghton, and baa 
iiIao delivered a netiBA of Wturea fn Beaton on hbtari- 
cal Hubjects, which vsvj^ rccaived wltb favor by oritlcal 
audlenoea, and were higldy coicotmdcd by tbo piwa. 

For lack of further space, let it he only added bere« 
that Cp Aiacs Bakeh end OuAteaA BcTUut should 
bo numborvd with hietonaoa. Puebx A. IlAKAro&D bM 
written nevend oUgbt hutoriceJ sketches uf chorchee, 
one of wbiob has been publiabcd in psmphlct form, the 
others m aowi^apora. Tboro ia no reeeon why vometi 
tboold not eog%^ Id hiatoRcal reeearobt and publish 
the roeult of their labors. Accurscy of sutement and 




CHAPTKR XXVII- 



VrOUBS TKAV11L1-KK9. 



Wbftkv*' Vnr«« — MuyD. WAilla— tjueitidft EI. filCii* — JtilU Wiinl 

Eluwe, Ac 



ABd tLncftL lilt fi<ii <»7; i-riK tin «h«ib« 






Kuw ft. If ILIX 



"la jAvnuitDfi than, i»^Mk of »■ 
pivUt Is U« nfldaf Dtf*. Iii m 



Hill In iLo BM." — 2 Cki- ai. IL 



MANV u. vomiin u w«1] a« mutiy ti m^ip Itnii felt \he 
foit*o of tlie prophet Samuera wonis wh«ii lis 
Kticl Us SjiuL^Tlie lyji'd sunt iIk^o cm a jntinwy/* P!t 
thpy hhve lonkr^cl l>4uik ii|>nn ihiiu' ljvt-?i, aiid |>tij-ctfiTetl 
how, AKniTtlineft by wavn lltty couM oot hkve forcveen. 
tliej li*ve been led to l.rAvel far From Immc iiilo fcrdgu 
land*, Jind bov ;hc UatuI of O^id vu^Ulat.'d UiePi in all 
Uieir lA-niideHng^ by sea atid laud. 

Among Ihc women who bnvc liavelled far bj BOt and 
Und, arc the wlvw of tboie btuvc men who have gone 
forth frOCQ ^'antuokot ftitd other ftcai>ort£ lit fiCftrch oF 

T» 




WOXBN TBATELL&sa 



TIT 



Ufttoh 27* ISTSt with t oar^ of ml€^Xt fe novr ^ 
qoanntiDO. On the Moood d^y out ii ifeamao wu 
Ukon mck with yellow f«Tor. mod di«d April 1. Anol 
of the crew died Apnl ^, and the utexrard hJKl dji 
before leaviug port. CtpL Cliflbfdi tho offioera, eni 
the majority of the crew, vera pvoxtnted by the f«rer; 
and, ^(er the de&th of the flnt Taat«, Ur?. <^ifford, the 
wiTo of the eapUdii, took ncle oamoMiid, iiAvigittod the 
voeft^I, Rnd brou^jh: her ^k\y to Netr TdHe. Ahoi 
Cnpe n«tt«r&ii Uie br^ nni^nuittrrotl a N^E. gnle of five^ 
days' dmatjoc, which h^jIiI die bsIIa ijiUi ril)b<»ii«, and 
oarricid eercnd epars OTctboard; but the woraaa cap-i 
izhi vaa fully equul to tho emer^CTKy, Mrs. CtifTc 
hi0 bcea at eea MTeral years vitb ber biLii>aiid, and' 
hafl made many of tho c-alculatiooe during that time. 
She baa a thorotigh toathematical edoc«taOD« and be* 
lioTCe bentelf cotapoti}at to eail any craft afloat^ She ia 
of alender boildt about twonty^iiTo ycoia oM, and m 
uuetumiDg and Ladylilte in manner." 

Maet D. Waijjs aecompaaiod b«r ec«-oaptatii fau»- 
baod to the ¥e^09 laLaad^ aod vroto an luteroetiDg 
namtire of hi-r »ojoum thoro, aatitlod '* I-ife itt, 
Keegee/"' Jviax WjutD llovrm haa travell^ exteo- 
sively id the Old WorH; and her bookn teUing of 
nlMiftfl Menfia, or of UQ^unillar, lovety epota In 
tropic LslandA of the boo, are full of thrilUiig iiileresL 

Mnk LncnmA H. Atoxb haa hunn Imvitniog In 
Eoropd for aflveral yeaiSt with pupit^, ami the worli 
may yet hear from tbia trao friend of woman. Oov' 
libraiifla are enriohcd with the writlnga of Mrs. Wliit- 
noy. Ikfra. Sowo, Mni. Stowo. Misa Aloott* and other 

■ BWw««ii«fi«nrAiii»n«iKrth«mri|{o,«*4*UL«d Va« 
a«r t«eoQM «r i^M ^PTH!^ hw &«•■ CiilMd, tffke« hat dBfllk. bf iLl 
«Tlb«f t^A b BOW nadjr f« lb« pnaa. 



WOMK?t TKAVKLLCIU. 



719 



ceh CoUe^> In '^OM And K«w/' mU forth bia rlew? 
upon th« subJ90U He nyv, — 

^ I am aura thftt youug m«a umJ womeu sludy tn-iier 
being brought tngolher i;i roci;^ion ; Uiere tn ui 
lioiiianblpu emtilatioii, ft natural lumuttivo In tauth Lo da 
tLe beet. Neither wooJd se«m to tb« ottiec dull ot 
iDcAptble; tbo joung Yramcn would «how Uutt tLcjF 
can do well, eTeo m pbU<wophy tad matbeEoatics ; ftod 
jrotu^ BWk iDtitft I(M>k 10 tboT Uurob. Tbeo ui 
to th6 spirit and loae of life : 1 am aitro it b 
itter for tb4 prooeiico of both vcxm; rotighDcoo is 
npnafiad) aod thought aod feeling ars purer, gunUer, 
and mont humana. No doubt tboio muAt be vigiloat 
kpervtBioa, dod Umlu to faudUarity ; aome tadiaoratioQ 
Lost ba axpact«d and provided for; tha Bober toatun- 
'tlea of autumn aia aoc to be looked for amldat tha budu 
anU fJowota of spring; but wich a carediil BUpervidion 
'0 bttva hnd Ytiry (vvr wilful dt!|iartur<M frum |iro* 
iaty. Through thofie roeultA I hava oqiub to ationg 
kiib in iba co-aducation of tho %GXt», Indaed, wliai 
Idality to doubt itl God Ilw placed boha and duugb- 
in tha aauo homca to bo brought up ; and men and 
ion aro mode to lire together in the world. Who 
may pTMume to ear, that from aixtoon to tweniy-five 
of a4i:e, the most foncaliva perioil of huaun tifot 
young n»n and women must bo ^aparated, beooma 
inka and nana in their aahool-time. and then roTivo am 
thay can tlwir thwarted, amoUiered aympathiea 7 '* 
Edwaid Ererelt Hala aaya of the adoaatioa of 
roraeo ; ** I hava for many year* aean the work of the 
LQg woman at Antiocb CoUoga, who aro tndiied 
Luoily in the lame claaaea with the young men who 
study there. 1 Lave litUa doubt tliat any ot th« gnu)u-> 
atoa of that college wonld paaa, with diatinetjon, tha 




daacribe but <^nnot, that eomcibing which attracte 00 
to woman/ tbcti tbd ftdv«ut^t«?:i wCHild Im oltitincd At 
too ^real a (K«t* We ilto borrowing ^m the iGiiguafid 
of fruA' Angcll of A[ichig«ti Uiuv«rti^, who i;ivM bb 
own ooDclufiive •xperien^e of tho loei thr«« y^ur* \n 
tho co*C(liteaUr^i of tho KOxuot- 

*"if we were to m&kfl nuuouJine wccDen or blue* 
stockingi,' b9 savH, - tiicn, for oii«, Ut nw h»v« the priv- 
ile^of roaJgDin^' my pontXton.' But be deckrvH with 
the titmoHt pliutinrsjL md viiijtb4ffl^> knowing th« grrt-^C 
ooucom ou thiA |xi;tii wlikb ia Ed Duitiv uiiuiU. 4xul wum 
once in hb owd, tiuit ho mca * no possibJo ietid«iiey in 
thif dinotioD.* Hia tM'aiDony will be credited with 
ifae wcaght it dcAcrYce. And jot w^ tuid in our lut 
forediara Uca a remjtr)abJe order emaoatiog from the 
BusBiui GoronuDcnt, which wemd to loiUtato tgwnat 
Pree. Aogeira oouduBion. For «ome ttm« il fteema 
women Mud«>ile from Rtueia have been allowed to 
reiort to the Utuverxity of Zurtcb. the ntuaher at 
pneee&t being one hundred iitid eight- ■ V017 oufaron- 
ble rtjporta buve nMchitd tliL- Guvt^rnmeEil rctbtive to 
tho conduct of tbo£« Tonng women/ uj-9 the doeu- 
msDt in qiiestioii- Thcj luive bvcome anirtnt pnltU* 
daua^ iMlouf^iii^ lo nircrttt Hooiatice and adopting ibo 
most adTViccd diTniocra^ic sentimenlA. Sonw of ihem 
fiaes back luut foith in Rtusia. talurtg wilh them I&ccn- 
diaiy letters luid procU mat ions. Uthcrf, naja tho offi- 
cial docujncntt aLu''V tbcmaelToe to be deluded by 
communistic freo-Jov« UKories, and aoi in utter forget 
falneeB of Ibo foMamenul pHaciploA of morality and 
decorum ; and rot ib<f»e women mtut Hoonur or latttr 
come baek to Ru>^ia as. wivee, motlMre, and tcachen; 
(0 pruvent or to limit whiob evil, it £e ordered that 
fuch Rufvlan women m Ahrtlt attend the Cnivcmty of 



T3S 



WOUDV nw TUB oivTcar. 



Zftricfa, after th« Am of Juuuy^ ItfTHt tbill 
ftdiwUed, on tb«ir rvtuni U) Ritfiu, to uv en 
«dt]CBtiotiAl oiUbU>1lt&6Ut, or tppolbtaaenl of 
iiticl«r th« «ontral of tbe Oortrnmeot. 

" We thKck the Amerieui tvodtr will Hav* 
colt^ in Mring vImI Uift RioHka difficrtilt}' b 
oftStt. 'Hm^wi (luick-iBmittil girln gK (hrcr i>]^w 
the eoorniitte^ of Riiaeum liaipDUflDi. ami lUrir 
liapaLfin &re etiiml in oj^positloa. Aa :o iIm 
of t&uDOtmfiij, W9 do i»oL bcliovo a unvd <if 

wkotUd Dot have to bear^u^ti CHlinm; ai^i) cti 
tha dAja of tha early ChnMM&a, wamaa h&s IaU 
slura of tha in|i»tiCQ. Iht real fiitilt v\ tbii 
U the other rod '>r the ec«k. So LaDf as a 
Jaifiothm hang^ otm Rowla, all c<litoatwm wPI ilj 
du^ro«is teMlettda* ; and it ui to thv h^iiot 
feoala aai, thst it E« partvcnJai^jr raapotuiva 
g«D«TOiia isipulMt of oviltan. Giro tfaa 
Atnarira, anil tbc liighvsi imlii^-atioD nf 
oaljr add to bar natiTa mBiwmimt, dolicw^, 
pncty/* To all wUch th« wrilcv aJda a 
■* Amtm ; '* hopiti^ great thingi for ami froin thm 
«f the aeooad eentinr- 







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u«, lurr r^. zi*- 

Li Van. OcHAtHL IS- 

Ev*^- *tne* AMta, 30L. 

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STANFORD UNIVERSITY LIBRAfilES 

STANFORD AUXIUARV IIBBARY 

STANFORD. CAIIFOBNIA 9Z305-600i 

1^15) 723 9201 

All booL* moy bs rocolled cflor 7 doyi 

DATE DUE 



280 MAY 22 1997 



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