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3 1833 01753 7579 







Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 


Genealogical Editor, Annapolis, Md. 





voi.Liii Contcn-ts no. i ^*™™^fe^-'^ 

JANUARY, 1919 ":« "T ^ ^ ^ ^ 

Little River Turnpike, Virginia (Frontispiece) 

Historic Turnpike Roads and Toll-Gates 1 

Major Fred J. Wood 

Comments by the President General 9 

The Peace Treaties of THE United States 10 

Elisabeth Ellicott Poe 
Rehabilitation and the Work of the Maison des Tout Petits . 18 

Robert G. Skerrett 
The Religious Side of Navy Life 25 

Edgar Stanton Maclay 
RuFus King, a Revolutionary Statesman .-30 

Edward Hale Brush 

State Conferences 34 

D. A. R. War Service Department 38 

D. A. R. Bureau Acquires Valuable New Lantern Slides and 

Lectures 39 

Work of the Chapters . .40 

Genealogical Department 52 

National Board of Management — 

j^ Special Meeting of 57 

Official List of 58 


Publication Office, 227 South Sixth Street. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 


Chairman Magazine Committee, Waterford, Conn. Editor, Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 

Genealogical Editor, Annapolis, Md. 


Single Copy, 15 Cents Yearly Subscription, J 1.00 -, Canadian Postage, 30 Cents Additional 







VOL. Lin, No. 1 

JANUARY, 1919 

WHOLE No. 318 


By Major Fred J. Wood, U. S. Corps of Engineers 

HEN the Indian trail gets wi- 
dened, graded, and bridged to a 
good road, there is a benefactor, 
there is a missionary, a pacifi- 
cator, a weahh bringer, a maker 
of markets, a vent for industry." [Ralph 
Waldo Emerson.] 

So when the Indian trails had served 
their purpose and the colonies began to 
expand and to seek intercourse with each 
other, those primitive paths were no 
longer sufficient, and broader, smoother, 
and better roads were demanded. But 
development was gradual under British 
rule, for the home government discour- 
aged all intercourse between the colonies 
and strove to prevent manufacturing, 
wishing to reserve for its home merchants 
the profits of such trade. So down to the 
Revolutionary War our roads were little 
more than a broadening and smoothing 
■of the old Indian trails, and those lead- 
ing from one colony to another could 
hardly claim that distinction. 

During the Revolution many roads 
parallel to the coast were improved as a 
matter of military necessity and because 
travel by sea, which had previously been 
the principal route, was prevented by hos- 
tile warships, but the histories of our 
country and many private letters are elo- 
quent in their descriptions of the difficul- 
ties and dangers of land travel during the 
years around 1785. 

" Long distance freight movement was 
absolutely impossible. The charge for 
hauling a cord of wood twenty miles was 
three dollars. For hauling a barrel of 
flour one hundred and fifty miles it was 
five dollars. Either of these charges was 
sufficient to double the price of the article 
and set a practical limit to its conveyance. 
Salt, which cost one cent a pound at the 
shore, would sometimes cost six cents a 
pound three hundred miles inland, the dif- 
ference representing the bare cost of 
transportation. It was on these cheap 
articles of common use that the charge 




bore most heavily. It forced every com- 
munity to live within itself." * 

The early settlements were naturally 
on the coast; and water communication, 
being most convenient, was generally 
used. As the fertile fields of the inland 
districts gradually drew settlers away 
from the ocean, it obviously became neces- 
sary to have roads or paths connecting the 
new homes with the older settlements, and 
a "hit or miss " arrangement of rough 
roads, radiating from central points on 
the coast resulted. Until the early part 
of the nineteenth century each village was 
an independent community, having its 
own church, blacksmith, shoemaker, grist 
mill and country store. The farmer's 
clothing for the day and his bedding for 
the night were spun and woven by the 
women of his family from the wool of his 
own sheep. The grain of the field was 
harvested into barns on the same prem- 
ises, or ground into meal or flour at' the 

* Railroad Transportation. — Hadley. 

mill, but a few miles distant. From the 
cattle of his own raising he laid away his 
winter's supply of meat, and the hides, 
dressed nearby, were made into shoes by 
the local artisan, who boarded with his 
patrons as he performed their work. Lit- 
tle need was there then for many roads. 
The one fixed journey was the weekly trip 
to church, and the road which provided 
the facility for that generally also led to 
the grist mill and to the country store, 
where were kept the few articles needed 
in the farmer's daily life which his own 
labor did not produce, and where also he 
could dispose of the surplus which his 
farm might yield. 

On a road as important as the main 
route between Philadelphia and New 
York, near the former city, a quagmire 
of black mud covered a long stretch of 
road near the village of Rising Sun, where 
horses were often seen floundering in 
mud up to their bellies. On the York 
Road long lines of wagons were every 




day to be met with, drawn up near Logan's 
Hill, while the wagoners unhitched their 
teams to assist each other in pulling 
through the mire." * 

The New York Daily Advertiser, in 
1833, told its readers that the road from 
New Haven to New York, in 1786, was in 
some places impassable for wheeled ve- 
hicles. And it is reported that John 
Adams, during his term as President, was 
lost in the woods while trying to drive 
from Baltimore to Washington. 

But soon manufactures were instituted 
and with their demands for a market and 
a vent for their industry it became im- 
perative that the old Indian trails should 
be " widened, graded, and bridged " to 
good roads. But such improvement in- 
volved the expenditure of money. 

The towns on which fell the burden of 
providing these public necessities were too 
poor to stand the necessary expense. All 
of them were impoverished by their 

* McMaster's " History of the United States." 

contributions of m,en, money, and supplies, 
in the war for independence, and by the 
struggle of the next decade to maintain 
themselves against the commercial war- 
fare waged by English merchants. The 
states were in no better condition, and 
it was simply out of the question for the 
public funds to provide for the increased 
transportation. In this dilemma relief 
was found by the willingness of private 
citizens to invest their funds and energies 
in the construction of the roads, provided 
the same might be accomplished as a 
conservative business investment. How 
was this to be done ? 

Such undertakings required combina- 
tions of capital in excess of anything then 
known in private affairs, and a perma- 
nent form of organization was necessary 
for the, maintenance of such roads. Out 
of these difficulties grew the turnpike 
corporations, organized to construct the 
roads to derive revenue from the collec- 
tion of tolls, and too much credit can 



hardly be given to those old companies 
for the effective aid which they gave in 
our country's development in the days 
when railroads were unknown. 

Turnpikes, as distinguished from the 
ordinary roads of the same time, were 
those on which gates barred the progress 
of the traveler, at which a payment was 
demanded for the privilege of using the 
road. Such payment was called " toll " 
and the gates were known as " toll gates." 
The privilege of building such " turn- 
pikes " and of collecting toll thereon was 
conferred by the legislatures of the sev- 
eral states upon various individuals under 
the form of turnpike corporations, and 
the roads were constructed by private 
capital, were privately owned, and were 
operated for the revenue derived from the 
collection of the tolls. 

In early English law we find special 
obligations imposed on those engaged in 
occupations on which the welfare of the 
public depended. The surgeon, from the 

scarcity of men qualified for that position, 
had to serve a large number, and enjoyed 
a monopoly in his territory. The conse- 
quences, should he discriminate against 
any individual and refuse to attend him, 
would be far too serious, and hence he 
was obliged by law to serve all alike who 
stood ready to pay him. In similar rela- 
tions to the public stood the tailor, smith, 
victualler, baker, inn-keeper, miller, car- 
rier, ferryman and wharfinger. By com- 
petition and increased numbers engaged 
in the occupations, most of the above 
trades have been removed from the class 
of public service, but the obligation still 
rests upon the victualler and inn-keeper; 
the carrier has been succeeded by the 
railroads and the ferryman by the pub- 
licly maintained bridges. 

The organization of corporations for 
business purposes began about 1790, hav- 
ing been unknown previously, and by far 
the larger part of the first twenty years 
of such oroductions were for the 



purposes of turnpikes and toll bridges. 
As the turnpike corporations relieved the 
local governments of their obligations to 
maintain certain highways, it was but 
proper that some of the governmental 
powers should be conferred upon them. 
Hence they were granted the rights under 
the principle of eminent domain, that an 
obstinate land owner could not, by refus- 
ing to sell, block the great enterprise of 
such value to the public. They were fur- 
ther allowed to take over and incorporate 
into their roads, various sections of what 
had long been public highways, freely 
open to all classes of travel, but which 
under the control of the turnpike corpora- 
tion, became subject to the interruption 
of a gate and the demand for toll. Al- 
though the occasion for the last privilege 
was provided by the neglect or inability of 
the communities to keep the roads in 
proper repair, and the companies, in con- 
sideration, were bound to maintain prop- 
erly such sections of road, the diversion 
from public to private control caused 

much hostility on the part of the local 
population, and was the cause of much 
litigation and several times of acts of vio- 
lence. Many acts of the legislature have 
been found, usually in behalf of a special 
corporation, providing penalties for dam- 
ages done to the road or its gates. A 
popular form of road was the " Shun- 
pike," which was a short section leaving 
the turnpike on one side of a gate and 
joining it again on the other. Special 
and general laws were enacted to dis- 
courage such enterprises, and penalties 
were provided for evasions of toll by this 
or other means. 

What now seem pretty severe restric- 
tions were also imposed upon the cor- 
porations. They were limited strictly to 
the building and maintaining of a road, 
and were not allowed to do any other act 
or thing. The Rhode Island acts gener- 
ally permitted the companies to acquire 
and dispose of a reasonable amount of 
land, but in other states the acquisition of 
35 few acres, that the keeper of a remote 


toll house might cultivate a garden, was 
only allowed by special legislative act. 

Rates of toll were fixed in the charter 
and the number of gates which the com- 
pany was to be allowed to erect was also 
specified. The location of the gates was 
determined by the committee which was 
appointed to inspect the road after com- 
pletion, and the gates once located by 
such committee could only be moved by 
legislative consent. The location of the 
road was not entrusted to the judgment 
of those who were investing their money, 
and who could best be depended upon to 
act conscientiously, but was delegated to 
a committee appointed either by the legis- 
lature or by the judge of the county court. 
Since the turnpike was to be for the pub- 
lic service, the representatives of the 
pubhc fixed its location, as had pre- 
viously been done in the laying out of 
the public roads. 

The earliest form of tolls were those 
levied by organized bands of robbers, 
which often took the form of stated sums 
for various circumstances. Strabo, the 
ancient geographer, tells that the Scenitae, 
a tribe of robbers and shepherds occupy- 
ing the desert region between Babylon 
and Syria, exacted a moderate tribute 
from the merchants traveling over the 
road through their territory, but did not 
further molest them. As the boldness of 
robber bands increased the expense of 
protection against their assaults grew 
heavier and the earliest form of legal tolls 
was imposed for that purpose, ancient 
cities being allowed to collect toll from all 
passing in or out to provide funds for the 
building of protecting walls. 

The first turnpike of which we have 
record dates from 1346, when Edward 
III granted the privilege of levying toll 
on all passing from St. Giles to Temple 
Bar, and towards Portpool, now Gray's 

Inn Lane, London, the roads in these 
places having become impassable for want 
of other provision for their maintenance. 
In 1364 William Phillippe, a hermit at St. 
Anthony's Chapel on Highgate Hill, hav- 
ing means, devoted himself and his for- 
tune to improving the road between 
" Highgate and Smethfelde," for which 
he was allowed to establish a toll-gate. 

In the early days in England the local 
obligation resting on the parishes to main- 
tain the roads within their limits was 
not felt to be a heavy burden, as proper 
roads were wanted for the convenience of 
the inhabitants themselves, and the rare 
occasions on which members of the royal 
family journeyed over them did not no- 
ticeably add to the wear and tear. But 
as trade developed and travel increased 
in consequence the efifect was seen in the 
frequent need of repairs, and a demand 
arose that those responsible for the injury 
to the roads should bear the burden, and 
that the parishes should not be obliged to 
maintain roads for the use of outsiders. 

As a result of this feeling the " Great 
North Road to York and Scotland," which 
was " an ancient highway and post road," 
and which had fallen into very bad order 
in consequence of the great amount of 
alien travel over it, was the subject of the 
first English Turnpike Act in 1663, in the 
reign of Charles II. Under this act the 
justices of each of the counties traversed 
were to appoint surveyors who were to 
provide road material and call for labor 
under the highway laws, for the purpose 
of putting the road into complete repair. 
That accomplished, the surveyors were 
further authorized to erect toll-gates and 
appoint toll gatherers for the collection 
of tolls, from which the road was thence- 
forth to be kept in repair. For a quarter 
of a century this was the only road thus 
maintained, but later a few acts at a time 


were passed until about 1760, when prac- 
tically all the gates were within one hun- 
dred miles of London. 

In the fourteen years following 1760, 
453 acts creating turnpikes were passed 
by Parliament, but a departure from the 
principle of Charles II was made. In- 
stead of requiring that the designated road 
should first be put in thorough repair by 
the parish in which it lay, a turnpike trust 
was created with jurisdiction over such 
road and having authority to borrow 
money on the security of the tolls which 
it was thereafter to collect. 

This method proved disastrous, al- 
though widely followed. Founded on 
unsound principles and improperly man- 
aged, nearly all the trusts failed. The 
parishes were still obligated to maintain 
the roads if the trusts did not, and it 
generally followed that the people were 
taxed to maintain the very roads which 
charged them toll. 

In 1864 the systematic reduction of the 
trusts was commenced in England and 
from one thousand to eighteen hundred 
miles of turnpikes were made free each 
year, Parliament making appropriations 
to help in the maintenance and authorizing 
local borrowings to pay off the debts of 
the trusts. 

From the annual reports of the Local 
Government Board, it is seen that at the 
close of 1864 there were in existence 
1048 trusts, controlling 20,589 miles of 
turnpikes. By 1886 the number of trusts 
had been reduced to 20, with 700 miles of 
roads, and in 1890, 77 miles were con- 
trolled by five trusts. By the end of 
1896 the last turnpike had vanished from 
English soil. 

The first American turnpike efforts in 
Virginia, Maryland, and Connecticut fol- 
lowed the precedent established by 
Charles II, and sought to provide for 
the needed repairs of roads already built 

by local communities, by collecting tolls 
from those using them. 

Virginia led the way by the enactment 
of Chapter XXX of the Acts of 1785. In 
consequence of the great amount of travel 
over the roads leading from the town of 
Alexandria to the northwest parts of the 
state, extensive repairs had been found 
necessary, for which the resources of the 
territory traversed were inadequate. 
Hence nine commissioners were ap- 
pointed and instructed " to erect, or 
cause to be set up and erected, one or 
more gates or turnpikes across the roads, 
or any of them, leading into the town of 
Alexandria, from Snigger's and Vesta's 

The receipts from tolls were to be ap- 
plied in clearing and repairing the roads 
described and the road between George- 
town and Alexandria. A special tax was 
levied on the counties through which the 
roads passed, in addition to the usual 
obligations to work on the roads, which 
still remained in force. 

Snigger's, or Snicker's Gap, is one of 
the passes through the Blue Ridge Moun- 
tains, by which travelers can go from 
Eastern Virginia to the valley of the 
Shenandoah River, over which passage 
was formerly had by means of Castle- 
man's Ferry. At its eastern end lies the 
little village of Bluemont, about twenty 
miles southerly from the Potomac. 

As an existing road was thus taken and 
made subject to toll, the only construction 
required being the erection of the gates, 
it is safe to say that the Virginia turn- 
pike, or turnpikes, were in operation by 
the beginning of the year 1786. 

A heav>' travel passed over this road 
for several years, and the lenient tolls 
which the legislature saw fit to impose 
were insufficient to properly maintain the 
surface. In 1802 a corporation was 
formed under the name of the Little River 


Turnpike Company, which assumed the 
ownership of the old road. This is the 
" Little River Turnpike " of to-day, leav- 
ing Alexandria over Duke Street and 
passing through Fairfax to Aldie. Collec- 
tion of tolls ceased in 1896, when the 
corporation sold its road to the counties 
through which it passed. 

In April, 1787, the General Assembly 
of Maryland, by Chapter XXIII, ap- 
pointed various commissioners to lay out 
and make roads from Baltimore to Reis- 
tertown, from Reistertown to Winchester- 
town, from Reistertown towards Han- 
over-town as far as the line of Baltimore 
County, and from Baltimore to York- 
town. This procedure was entitled " An 
Act for Laying-out Several Turnpike- 
roads in Baltimore County," and was a 
most voluminous document, providing in 
all details for procedure, and protection 
of the roads when finished. 

In 1790, as the first board of commis- 
sioners had made no progress, new men 
were appointed in their places, and under 
the new men the work was prosecuted 
more vigorously. A toll-gate was set up 
on the Reistertown road, at the intersec- 
tion with the road from Ridgely's Cove, 
October 2, 1793, which was the fourth 
gate in operation in America. While 
Maryland's commissioners had been strug- 
gling with their task, Connecticut had fol- 
lowed Virginia's example in two places, 
and set up gates on roads already built. 

In May, 1792, the collection of tolls 
commenced on the old Mohegan road, be- 
tween New London and Norwich, the re- 
ceipts to be applied to maintenance of 
the road. Such collections and appro- 
priations continued until 1856; and this 
road was the only toll road in America 
which did not ultimately become the prop- 
erty of a corporation. In October of the 
same year a gate was established in the 
town of Greenwich, Connecticut, on the 
Old Post Road. 

These efforts in Virginia, Connecticut, 
and Maryland were made by the govern- 
ment in the hope of deriving sufficient 
revenue to maintain the roads, with no 
thought of profit. Similar procedure has 
been noted in Tennessee where, in 1801, 
a gate was established on the old road 
through Cumberland Gap. In 1804 North 
Carolina provided for a fourteen-mile 
road through the Cherokee lands, pay- 
ment for building the same to be made 
by a fifteen-year privilege of collecting 

Aside from the instances above men- 
tioned, the American practice was to 
allow the building of turnpikes to be done 
by private capital, which took its own 
risks and derived its own profits, leaving 
no obligations nor contingencies on the 
local governments. For the first instance 
of such investment we have to turn to 

[To be Continued.^ 


Daughters of the American Revolution, your country needs you yet to fight the battles 
of peace — you still belong to the world's workers. 

" But after the fires and the wrath, 
But after the searching and pain. 
His mercy opens us a path 
To live ourselves again." 

Do not think, because all America is rejoicing in the Peace that has come, that 
there will be no need of further work by the Daughters of the American Revolution. While 
the fighting has stopped all along the firing line, there yet is need of much work to be done, 
and while our work may lie along different lines, there still is much to be accomplished. 

If we do nothing more than carry out the third object set forth in the constitution of 
our Society — namely, " To cherish, maintain and extend the institutions of American freedom, 
to foster true patriotism and love of country, and to aid in securing for mankind all the 
blessings of liberty " — the chapters will have work to do for years to come. 

What organized society other than the Daughters of the American Revolution is so well 
fitted to carry on the Americanization of the aliens in our midst? 

" Our Boys " are now returning home in great numbers, and soon the United States will 
be facing the many problems involved in the rehabilitation, re-education and employment of 
soldiers and sailors disabled in this war. The Daughters of the American Revolution can do 
much to help in this work, and I feel they will respond as one woman when the call is made. 

Now that peace has come, how many of the chapters of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution, which have not already done so, are going to express in a very small way their 
gratitude to France by sending at once to the Treasurer General their chapter's quota of the 
fund for the restoration of the devastated village of Tilloloy? We are so in hopes that the 
chapters will do so, as we are extremely anxious to redeem the pledge of the National Society 
as quickly as possible. 


Rhode Island is the first State to report 100 per cent, on both the Tilloloy and the $100,000 
Liberty Loan funds. Which State will be the second one? 


In my travels during the month of October in the interest of the work of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution I came across the following " Ten Ways to Kill an Organization," 
which I consider worth publishing in our Magazine. 1. Don't come to the meetings. 2. But 
if you do — come late. 3. If the weather don't suit you don't think of coming. 4. If you do 
attend a meeting, find fault with the work of the officers and the members. 5. Never accept an 
office, it is easier to criticise than do things. 6. Nevertheless, get sore if you are not appointed 
on a committee; but if you are, do not attend the meetings. 7. If asked by the chairman to 
give your opinion on some important matter, tell her you have nothing to say. After the 
meeting tell every one how things should be done. 8. Do nothing more than is absolutely 
necessary, but when other members roll up their sleeves and willingly and unselfishly use 
their ability to help matters along, howl that the organization is run by a clique. 9. Hold back 
your dues as long as possible, or don't pay them at all. 10. Don't bother about getting new 
members — " Let George do it." 


I wish you each a Happy New Year. 


By Elisabeth Ellicott Poe 

r is a far cry from the Paris of 
1783 to the Paris of 1918, but 
the " Capital of the World " 
was the scene of the first Ameri- 
can Treaty as well as of the 
latest. The eyes of the nation 
are upon the historic city overseas 
where will gather the diplomacy and 
wisdom of every civilized country to 
decide the future fate of the world. In 
order to reach a better understanding 
of . the peace terms that will come 
eventually before the Senate of the 
United States for confirmation, it is 
well to recall some of the salient points 
and the history of former American 
peace treaties. 

The United States of America has 
been noted throughout its entire career 
as a treaty-making nation, and, in vivid 
contrast to some other countries, it is a 
treaty-keeping country. Our diplomats 
and legislators have never regarded 
our written assurances as mere " scraps 
of paper," and the United States has 
demonstrated, since the early days of 
the new republic, that the plighted 
word of a nation can be kept. Even a 
casual study of American treaties proves 
this proud fact. If, as has been well said, 
the soil of treaties is the fertile ground 
wherein are sown the seeds of future 
wars or lasting peace, the fruits of 

American treaties have been those of 
peace and good-will to men. 

There has been a singular continuity 
of purpose in the principles for whicli 
the United States of America has stood 
in its peace treaties. The foundation 
stone of every peace treaty structure has 
been the enduring Rock of Human Lib- 
erty. The influence of this cardinal 
policy upon the destinies of the world 
is seldom fully realized. Within a hun- 
dred years after the valiant colonies 
had sounded the bugle call to freedom 
twenty-eight republics were established 
upon the American hemisphere — the 
direct -esult of the ideals of freedom 
and democracy inculcated by the ex- 
ample of the " Big Sister of the North." 
Undoubtedly, the seeds of liberty, 
sown at the Treaty of Paris in 1783, 
finally blossomed after the storms and 
winds of revolution in a new France — 
the great sister republic across the seas, 
on whose soil, and that of dauntless Bel- 
gium, w'as staged the twentieth century 
struggle for freedom and the universal 
rights of man. 

There is every reason to believe that 
the American peace commissioners of 
to-day, headed by the " President him- 
self " to quote the text of an official 
press statement from the White House, 
will be filled with a sense of the 



historic importance and the tremendous 
responsibility of their mission, and 
stand forth as vaHantly for the under- 
lying principles of American democ- 
racy as did the first American peace 
commissioners, Benjamin Franklin, 
John Jay, John Adams, and Henry 
Laurens, at Paris in 1782. Then, as 
now, the keynote was freedom^ — the 
freedom of the individual and the free- 
dom of government formed in order 
that the human elements might have 
full outlet, a freedom of commerce in 
order that the resources of the earth 
might reach their highest development, 
and thus result in human happiness. 

The quartette of American peace- 
makers, Franklin, Adams, Laurens, 
and Jay, had a stormy path before them. 
The new republic had but one real 
friend, France, which had given not only 
of her men and soldiers and leaders, but 
also of her resources and gold to aid 
the struggling colonies. 

Pitted against the astute diplomacy 
of an unfriendly Europe, the defeat of 
the American pioneers might seem cer- 
tain from the start so far as the fruits of 
their hard-won victory were concerned. 
We were recognized at the time by 
only two countries, France and Hol- 
land. The rest of the world looked 
with distrust and concern upon, our 
activities and were interested only in- 
sofar as a revolt in her colonies might 
embarrass Great Britain, of whose 
power they were jealous. Our home- 
spun-clad am,bassadors were turned 
from the doors of powerful European 
nations witji the utmost incivility and 
contempt. The vital question of our 
national boundaries trod upon the toes 
of Spain as well as of Great Britain, and 
this affected, in a diplomatic sense at 
least, our relations with our greatest 
ally, France — which was also an ally of 

Spain — closely bound in the common 
cause of hatred of Britain. 

But the Providence which cares for 
the destinies of nations raised up a 
friend, a real friend, for the new re- 
public in the very camp of the enemy, 
in Lord Shelburne, an English states- 
man of note, one of a not inconsiderable 
group of Englishmen who believed that 
the American colonies should be given 
their independence, and that George 
the Third was making a colossal 
blunder in his warfare against his 
former dominions over the seas. This 
English group of sympathizers in- 
cluded such leaders as John Charles 
Fox, Richard Oswald, Lord Chatham, 
Lord Rockingham, Conway, Adam 
Smith, and other champions of the 
Anglo-Saxon traditions and independ- 
ence. So strong were the feelings of 
these men that they openly said in the 
very halls of King George that " We 
heartily wish success to the Americans." 

Lord Shelburne was a man of high 
intellectual power, who followed the 
dictates of reason rather than the im- 
pulses of feeling. He had entertained 
for some time a high opinion of the 
wisdom and ability of Benjamin Frank- 
lin, the ranking head of the American 
mission, and this good opinion was 
heightened by a lengthy correspondence 
with Franklin — the Nestor of American 

On March 21, 1782, Franklin sent 
by personal messenger a brief letter 
to Lord Shelburne in which he ex- 
pressed a wish that a " general peace " 
might be brought about, though he be- 
trayed no hope that it would soon take 
place. But it was the psychological 
moment, and this note, the contents of 
which are unhappily lost to present-day 
history, proved to be the opening wedge 
for peace between Great Britain and 



the newly created United States of 

For mighty changes were taking 
place in the English ministry. On 
March 20, 1782, the day before the note 
was written. Lord North resigned as 
Prime Minister. Poor old George the 
Third — in a lucid moment — sent for 
Lord Shelburne and besought his coun- 
sel. Lord Shelburne nominated Lord 
Rockingham — one of America's friends 
— as head of the cabinet and had 
the boldness to add that the recogni- 
tion of American independence was 

Rockingham w^as made Prime Min- 
ister, Shelburne became Secretary for 
Home and Colonial Afifairs, and the 
Foreign Office was given to Charles 
James Fox. Thus America had three 
powerful friends at the British court. 
During all the excitement incident to 
the change of ministry Lord Shelburne 
still kept America in mind, and in April of 
1782 sent a negotiator — Richard Oswald 
— to Paris to arrange preliminary 
terms, if possible, with Franklin and 
his fellow peace commissioners. The 
selection of Oswald as the diplomatic 
agent was a most fortunate one, for 
Oswald was a tried and true friend of 
America and had put up the heavy bond 
of $200,000 to release Henry Laurens, 
one of the peace commissioners, from 
the Tower of London, where he had 
been imprisoned after capture by the 
British coast patrol boat Vestal ofif the 
Newfoundland Banks while trying to 
reach his post as minister to the States 
General of the United Netherlands. 

Late in June, 1782, John Jay, the 
third peace commissioner, arrived in 
Paris, and the peace sessions began. 
Benjamin Franklin was ill, and for a 
time the negotiations fell chiefly into 
the hands of John Jay. John Adams 

arrived on October 26, 1782, a few days 
after concluding a commercial treaty 
with the Netherlands on October 8th 
of the same year. By this time the 
peace negotiations had reached the 
point where the British government 
had conceded : 

1. American independence. 

2. A settlement of the boundaries. 

3. The restriction of Canada to its 
ancient limits. 

4. Freedom of fishing on the banks 
of the New^foundland and elsewhere. 

There still remained open the ques- 
tions : 

(1) The right to dry fish on the 
British coasts. 

(2) The payment of debts due to 
British subjects prior to the war. 

(3) The compensation of the loyalists. 

To the last measure Franklin main- 
tained an unalterable opposition, and 
whenever it was pressed brought up his 
proposition for the cession of Canada. 
John Adams was equally firm for the 
right of drying and curing fish upon the 
British coasts. 

While the peace negotiations were pro- 
gressing, Vergennes, the French Minister 
of State, was keeping a watchful eye on 
the proceedings. Certain of the Ameri- 
can peace commissioners, including hot- 
headed, impetuous John Adams, resented 
the views of one or two of the same con- 
tingent that they must do nothing with- 
out the advice of the French ministers 
and without obtaining their consent, and 
also entertained the idea that France did 
not want the independence of the Ameri- 
can republic too easily and generally 
recognized, and that she wished it to 
appear rather as a favor obtained by 
the French. 

Adams considered the independence 
of the United States a great work in 
which Providence had called him to 



play a prominent part. He believed 
implicitly in the great future of the 
c untry which he represented. He be- 
lieved that the career of a great inde- 
pendent maritime nation on the other 
side of the world was an event of prime 
importance in Europe, and he believed 
that the interests of France and other 
continental powers would profit thereby. 
When he asked assistance he asked it 
in the tone of one who offered assist- 
ance. Vergennes became so irritated 
at the tone of some of his letters that 
he reminded him that Franklin was the 
only accredited minister at the court 
of Versailles. 

While Mr. Jay and the other peace 
commissioners did not share John 
Adams' theories to an appreciable de- 
gree, still they influenced the peace 
co'mmissioners in general to the extent 
that when the preliminary articles of 
peace were signed on November 30, 
1782, it was without consultation with 
the French government. In taking this 
course the commissioners acted in op- 
position to their instructions. This 
bold step of the peace commissioners 
did not escape a certain censure from 
the authorities at home. Reams have 
been written on the question whether 
or not they were justified in this course. 

It certainly aroused the indignation 
of the French goverrmient. Vergennes 
wrote a violent note to Franklin, which 
the wiley Nestor answered with dip- 
lomatic sagacity, and included the adroit 
suggestion : " The English, I just now 
learn, flatter themjselves that they have 
already divided us. I hope this little 
misunderstanding will therefore be 
kept a secret, and that they will find 
themselves totally mistaken." This 
soft answer turned away wrath, or at 
least the appearance of it, and no diffi- 
culty was made. The preliminary 

articles of peace were ratified by 

It has often been said that of all the 
treaties Great Britain ever made, this 
was the one by which she g;ave the 
most and took the least. Lord Shel- 
burne suffered for his generosity in the 
matter, for the treaty brought upon 
him and his associates the cen- 
sure of the House of Commons, and 
caused the downfall of his ministry. 

Mr. David Hartley was commissioned 
by the Court of London to perfect with 
the commissioners the terras of the de- 
finitive treaty of peace. After expend- 
ing some months in an effort to agree 
upon a system of commercial arrange- 
ments, all idea of a further extension of 
the treaty was abandoned, and it was 
signed anew on September 3, 1783. The 
definitive treaty was but a copy of the 
preliminary articles which were ratified 
by Congress on February 14, 1784, and 
proclaimed to the nation on the same 
day. The first article of the treaty 
recognized the independence of the 
United States. The second fixed the 
boundaries, the third made provision 
.or the unmolested right to fish on the 
Newfoundland Banks and the Gulf of 
Saint Lawrence. The fourth article en- 
abled creditors on either side to collect 
debts contracted before the opening of 
hostilities. The fifth article provided 
for the restitution of British estates 
which had been seized as alien enemy 
property. The sixth article declared 
against future confiscations of property 
of British sympathizers for the part that 
they might have taken in the war, and the 
release of all loyalists held in captivity. 
The seventh article declared a formal 
and proper peace — that all hostilities 
should cease, and that the British with- 
draw with all proper speed, restoring 
all archives, deeds, records, etc., that 



might have been seized. The eighth 
article provided that the navigation of 
the river Mississippi, from its source 
to the ocean, shall ever remain free and 
open to the subjects of Great Britain 
and the citizens of the United States. 
The ninth article provided for the re- 
turn of all places or territory belonging 
t- either of the belligerents that should 
have been conquered before the arrival 
of said provisional articles in America — 
a necessary provision in days antedat- 
ing the telegraph, cable, and w^ireless. 

The carrying out of the peace treaty 
was most difficult before the adoption 
of a Constitution by the United States, 
and the British government accredited 
no minister to the United States. It 
likewise declined to make a commercial 
treaty or to give up its forts in the west- 
ern part of the United States, thus af- 
fording its agents control over the 
Indians. The situatlion was remedied 
somewhat by a commercial treaty con- 
summated through the efforts of John 
Jay, then Chief Justice of the United 
States. This treaty made in 1794 solved 
the immediate difficulty with Great 
Britain, but was most unpopular at 
home, and led to bitter personal at- 
tacks by the Federalists against 
Washington. They regarded as serious 
defects that it engaged the United 
States against any intervention in the 
war on behalf of France — the first 
friend of America — did not touch on 
the vexed problem of the right of 
search, and limited the commercial 
privileges of the United States. 

At the end of Washington's adminis- 
tration the French Directory broke ofif 
relations with the United States, de- 
manding the abrogation of Jay's treaty 
and calling upon the new republic to 
stand by her ancient ally — France. 
Three envoys of peace were sent — 

C. C. Pinckney, John Marshall, and 
Elbridge Gerry. The mission was un- 
successful, and intercourse with France 
was suspended in 1798 by Congress — 
the treaties with France were declared 
to be at an end. American vessels were 
authorized to fire on French privateers 
— the new President, John Adams, was 
authorized to issue letters of marque 
and reprisal. Washington was called 
from his retirement at Mount Vernon 
to command the American army, which 
was reformed. Only a few sea engage- 
ments occurred, and when Napoleon 
seized power the next year he renewed 
the peace between the two friends. 
There was no definite peace meeting — 
the old treaties were once more put into 
force and the little family quarrel blew 

One of President Wilson's fourteen 
points, " the freedom of the seas," was 
the principle for which the United 
States threw down the gauntlet of war 
to her former adversary. Great Britain, 
in 1812. Trouble between the two 
countries had been brewing for some 
time. Diplomacy had exhausted itself 
in the endeavor to keep the peace. Our 
infant commerce was strangled by the 
embargo laid upon it by both Great 
Britain and France and the privateer 
system in vogue. Another cause of the 
war was the burning question of ex- 
patriation. Great Britain held firmly 
to the Teuton doctrine of perpetual al- 
legiance. In following out this theory, 
she claimed the right to search neutral 
vessels and to impress for her vessels 
of war her subjects who were seamen 
wherever found. 

A wave of indignation swept over 
the country on account of these prac- 
tices. But the pacifists, who plied their 
cowardly trade in the early nineteenth 
century as well as in the early twentieth. 



counciled against war and a firm stand 
against these outrages. 

The situation grew steadily worse, 
but the old spirit of 1776 was not yet 
dead. The election of 1811-1812, re- 
sulted in the defeat of " submission 
men," and red-blooded Americans took 
control of the ship of state. The war 
party was led by such intrepid spirits 
as Henry Clay, the brilliant speaker of 
the house, John C. Calhoun, and Wil- 
liam H. Crawford. The year of 1812 
has been called " Mr. Madison's war," 
but in reality it was Henry Clay's war. 
He it was who forced the issue, and he it 
was who signed with the utmost reluc- 
tance the treaty of peace, which on its 
face amounted only to a cessation of 

Throughout the war Clay remained the 
dominant spirit. Through the dark 
days when our little handful of un- 
trained men met defeat after defeat on 
land, it was Henry Clay who counselled 
patience and painted in glowing colors 
a brighter future for the American 
army. Although the presiding officer 
of the House, Speaker Clay frequently 
violated precedent by leaving the chair 
and speaking on the floor of the House. 
He early saw that they were hopelessly 
outmatched on land, but there was a 
gleam of hope in the sea situation. He 
was the American navy's first ardent 
champion, and his zeal was well repaid. 
It was the despised navy, w^iich Con- 
gress had refused to increase by even a 
cat-boat, that gained four spectacular 
victories, and showed for the first time 
that the British navy, ship for ship, was 
not invincible. 

The pacifist party still had many 
friends, and when Congress reassembled 
in 1813, there were many who sought 
peace at any cost. Henry Clay still 
stood resolute for the prosecution of 

the war. In one of the most brilliant 
speeches ever made in the House of 
Representatives, he brought the House 
to his belief. Once more it was Henry 
Clay's war. 

Clay did not confine his efforts to the 
House alone. He spent the vacation 
recesses of Congress in going about the 
country from one mustering camp to 
another to induce the young men to 
join the army. His personal popularity 
and magnetism did much to keep the 
spirit fit for the fight. At one time he 
was about the only person in the coun- 
try whose optimism did not waver. 

President Madison seemed content to 
follow the brilliant young House leader. 

In 1813 came the first glimmerings 
of peace. The Empress of Russia of- 
fered to act as mediatrix between the 
United States and Great Britain, and 
Congress sent Albert Gallatin and 
James A. Bayard to St. Petersburg to 
join John Quincy Adams, our pleni- 
potentiary to that court, to present our 
terms to the Imperial Government, the 
chief article being a stipulation against 
impressment. England refused to ac- 
cept the ofl:'er of Russian intervention, 
and Bayard and Gallatin were withdrawn. 

In the next year commissioners of the 
tw^o governments met at Ghent in 
Flanders, to decide upon the terms of 
peace. The United States was repre- 
sented by John Quincy Adams, after- 
ward elected President, Henry Clay, 
" the Great Compromiser,'' Jonathan 
Russell, James A. Bayard and Albert 
Gallatin. The British envoys were Lord 
Gambier, Henry Gouldburn, and William 
Adams. The harangues continued for 
some time, the real causes of the war 
being lost sight of in a maze of diplo- 
matic intrigues. It was on Christmas 
Eve, 1814, that the treaty Avas finally 
drawn up to the satisfaction of all parties, 



and was immediately dispatched to 
Washington. Congress ratified the docu- 
ment on February 17, 1815, and it was 
proclaimed by President Madison on 
the next day. 

At first the news of peace brought joy 
to the people, but when the contents of 
the treaty were disclosed, a storm of in- 
dignation was raised throughout the 
country. The main issue at stake and 
the principle for which the war had been 
fought, nam.ely, the abolition of impress- 
ment, was not even mentioned in the 
treaty ! It provided for the reciprocal 
restoration of all territory captured by 
the other party, and appointed three 
commissioners to settle the mooted 
Canadian-American frontier. One of 
these bodies was to decide the owner- 
ship of the islands in Passamaquoddy 
Bay, another the line through the St. 
Lawrence and the Great Lakes, and the 
last, the boundary between Lake Supe- 
rior and the Lake of the Woods. Both 
parties bound themselves to assist in 
suppressing the slave trade. Two of the 
provisions of the treaty of Paris were 
repealed at the convention : the naviga- 
tion of the Mississippi, a formal right 
allowed to England, but which had never 
been utilized, was withdrawn, and, sec- 
ondly, the Americans were deprived of 
a very valuable concession, that of fish- 
ing within the Gulf of St. Lawrence. 

All of these matters, especially the 
fisheries question, became the subject 
of many future negotiations. " Per- 
haps at the moment the Americans were 
the chief losers; but they gained their 
greatest triumph in preferring all their 
disputes to be settled by time, the final 
negotiator, whose decision they could 
safely trust." Even in the question of 
impressment, a tacit victory was won, 
as no more sailors were kidnapped 
after the war. 

Three great benefits were derived 
from this war: the beginnings of our 
naval power, the demonstration to 
European nations that attempts to im- 
pose upon our good-will would meet 
with disaster, and the beginning of our 
manufacturing industry, for it was by 
the withdrawal of British textiles from 
the market that our own manufactures 
received an impetus that has never 
been lost. 

It is interesting to note that the vic- 
tory of New Orleans, the nearest ap- 
proach to a decisive battle that this war 
afforded, was fought after the treaty 
had been agreed upon, since the news 
did not reach America for over a month, 
owing to the slow transatlantic com- 
munications in those days. 

An interesting sidelight on the 
actions of the peace-makers of Ghent 
is found in the round of social festivi- 
ties ofifered the American peace repre- 
sentatives in the gallant little Flanders 
city. Henry Clay, who was a bon 
invant, enjoyed these hugely, and un- 
ofificial history records a slight mis- 
understanding between Henry Clay 
and Albert Gallatin over the non-de- 
livery of an invitation to Clay for a 
festive evening. Mr. Gallatin offered 
profuse apologies, but Clay remained in- 
censed for some time. An undercur- 
rent of discontent and misunderstand- 
ing prevailed in the mission. Henry 
Clay and John Quincy Adams had lit- 
tle in common, and constantly dis- 
agreed about the character of the peace 
comimunications — Clay standing for 
brief, succinct statements, and Adams 
holding fast to the theory that they 
should be most minute in detail. The 
bad feeling never broke out into an open 
quarrel, but hindered the work to such 
a degree that it was only when Gal- 
latin took the leadership of the com- 


mission and exercised tact and states- 
manship that an agreement was finally 
brought about. John Quincy Adams 
kept a careful record of the daily inci- 
dents in his diary, and there may be 
gathered much inside information that 
throws an illuminating light on the per- 
sonalities of the peace commission. 

One last quarrel broke out between 
Clay and Adams after the signing of 
the peace treaty over the custodianship 
of the papers. John Quincy Adams as 
head of the comlmission, claimed the 
right, but got an order from the majority 
of the delegates to have them placed in 
Clay's custody. Adams refused to recog- 

{To he CO 

nize this document and retained them. 
In fact, they have remained in the 
Adams family to the present day, and 
were never turned over to the govern- 
ment. The curious truth is that not 
one original paper dealing with the 
peace negotiations of the War of 1812 
is in the hands of the government to- 
day. The Adam,s family has carefully 
preserved them, however, and in the 
will of Charles Francis Adams, the emi- 
nent student of American economics — 
grandson of John Quincy Adams — these 
papers Avere placed in charge of a trust 
company in Massachusetts for the term 
of one hundred years. 



The signing of the peace armistice has 
not altered the subject or conditions of 
the Essay Contest for which Mrs. 
Charles H. Bond, of Boston, offered one 
hundred dollars as a prize to the Chapter 
sending in the best essay written by one 
of its members. 

The subject is : " Would President 
Wilson's definite program, (as stated in 
his tenns of peace, addressed to Con- 
gress on January 8, 1918) if adopted at 

the settlement after the war, remove 
all probabilities of future wars ? " 

Essays must not exceed 5000 words. 
The name of the writer must not ap- 
pear on the essay, which should be 
accompanied by a sealed letter con- 
taining the writer's name and address, 
also the name of her Chapter. Essays 
should be mailed flat and addressed to : 
Mrs. Louise J. Bacon, 128 Common- 
wealth Avenue, Boston, Mass. 

The contest closes February 1, 1919. 


By Robert G. Skerrett 

ORE than a year ago, to be 
exact in November of 1917, 
some American women in 
Paris set about devising ways 
^^ and means by which the 

slowly starving infants of the 
French capital could be helped back to 
health and physical normality and their 
little feet, so to speak, planted surely 
upon the highway to potential matur- 
ity. At first blush, this work may not 
seem to stand apart from other succor- 
ing activities at the time fairly well es- 
tablished, but it will be evident pres- 
ently that these good women were 
clear-sighted enough to grasp the exist- 
ence of a new field of welfare effort. 

At the start, there were many diffi- 
culties to be dealt with, and progress 
was made slow toward realization of 
their aims by the very multiplicity of 
other relief organizations, etc. But 
these American women were tmdis- 
mayed. They forged steadily ahead, 
gradually widened their activities, and, 
finally, their labors crystallized on 
March 16th of the year just closed when 
they proudly opened the Maison des 
Tout Petits. Whatever may develop 
as the outcome of the institution of that 
haven, it will stand in years to come as 
a memorable milepost along the way to 
reconstruction, rehabilitation in France. 

The Maison des Tout Petits is lo- 
cated at Number Seven Rue du Docteur 
Blanche, one of the historic parts of 
Paris. Its service is unique. As has 
been very well said, " It is one of the 
greatest and most significant charities 
imaginable — it is the means towards 
health and strength, both physical and 
moral, of the future generations of 
France." Never before has anyone in 
that country been willing to take up the 
very difificult task of specializing and 
concentrating all efforts upon the 
needy legions of under-nourished, rha- 
chitic babies. No braiich of medical sci- 
ence has been more troublesome than 
that of the feeding of diseased infants 
whose digestive apparatus and even 
■^heir very bones are perverted by reason 
of malnutrition. And, unhappily, as a 
rule, corrective measures are more often 
than otherwise rewarded by extremely 
discouraging results. 

To begin with, the greatest mortality 
occurs during the first year of infancy, 
for then, like a feebly swinging pendu- 
lum, it takes but a slight touch to 
check, if not to effectually halt, motion. 
The gathering amplitude of life's action 
may, during that critical period of a 
span of a few months, be brought to a 
standstill. In France, the stress of war 



intensified the importance of the adult 
male, the present man power of the 
nation, and for the nonce, at least, the 
social value of the wee ones — the poten- 
tial men and women of tomorrow — was 
somewhat lost sight of. This is not 
to be wondered at. Kindred conditions 
have existed in Belgium and in Poland 
during the years just gone, and it is a 
matter of record that the death rate 
among children in England increased at 
an alarming pace until measures were 
taken to prevent further vital wastage. 
Whether or not the French were 
abreast of us, it is an outstanding fact 
that we, in x\merica, have been for 
years keenly alive to the need of saving 

tiny babies, and have developed this 
department of medical science to a 
greater degree than any other country. 
Clearly, then, if we are earnestly intent 
upon helping our Allies during their 
period of need, it is evident that we can 
play no part more lastingly beneficial 
than by lowering the death rate of the 
latest born and making strong those 
that shall have to bear the nation's bur- 
dens in the years to come. This work 
means more than actually snatching 
from death's door the ill-nourished in- 
fant; it includes, besides, transmitting 
to the present mothers and the mothers 
of the future our knowledge of child wel- 
fare, feeding, and hygiene. In short, 



the Maison des Tout Petits is the cor- 
nerstone of a foundation upon which 
the vital superstructure of France may 
hereafter rest. 

As Mrs. Frances Welhiian, one of 
the officials of the organization, puts 
it: "While our specialty is the tiny 
baby, we do take them in ranging from 
eighteen months up to five years of age, 
but these older infants represent the 
exception and, because of the extreme 
effects of malnutrition, are unable to 
walk. In fact, not only are their bones 
rachitic, i.e., too flexible and disposed 
to distortion when subjected to pres- 
sure, but the children are generally 
under-developed and bodily below the 
normal for their months or years. In a 
good many cases w^e have had babies 
submitted to us who weighed, after 
many weeks of malnutrition, much less 
than they did when they were born ! 
Our problem has been to overcome this 
grim handicap, to build up and to 
round out their little frames, and to 
discharge them from our immediate 
care strong 
and well in a 
fair way to 
hold their own 

" The Mai- 
son des Tout 
Petits has ac- 
tions for only 
twenty-five in- 
f a n t s , and 
there we handle 
those that are 
c r i t i c a 1 1 )' 
in need of con- 
tinued expert 
attention. This 
haven of ours 
is really the 





center of activities that reach far and 
wide throughout the broad area of Paris. 
We have striven to make the little hos- 
pital a model of perfection in all of its 
essential appointments ; indeed, every 
phase of the atmosphere of the Maison 
des Tout Petits fulfils a twofold puipose : 
first, to speed up the recovery of our wee 
patients and, then, to serve as an object 
lesson to the visiting parents. 

" Half a hundred lectures to a mother 
on hygiene would never make the im- 
pression that a tour through the hospi- 
tal does. There she sees her erstwhile 
emaciated, dying baby rapidly becom- 
ing plump and well. When we tell her 
that one of the causes of her child's 
returning health is the cleanliness of its 
surroundings, drive home to her mind 
the function of the pure air that enters 
through the open windows, these facts 
are so strongly visualized to her mind's 
eye that she can never forget them. 
" The organization has nothing to do 
with the baby after it leaves its milk 
diet except to watch over its physical 
state and, from 
time to time, 
to give the 
mother or 
guardian, a s 
the case may 
be, advice. 
However, i t 
does provide 
material a i d 
after the baby 
has been dis- 
charged from 
the Maison des 
Tout Petits. 
There are 
many societies 
notable among 
them, the 
Daughters of 


the American Revolution, which aid the 
fatherless and motherless children in 
France and make provision for the pit- 
iable children of refugees. Our aim, 
however, is to save the baby that would 
in all likelihood have died if we had 
not come to its succor, and restored it 
to health. After 
that, it is our prac- 
tice to return the 
infant to its home 
as soon 
watch it 
it with 
long as 
and to 

as prac- 
there t o 

to supply 

milk, as 

need be, 
jive those 
in charge of it 
such instruction as 
may be required 
for its well being. 
In doing this out- 
side work we teach 
the mother o r 
guardian not only 
how to take care 
of her present in- 
fant but give her 
that knowledge 
which may serve 
helpfully should 
others come. 

" Up to date we 
have more than four hundred such out- 
side cases which are taken to the hospital 
once a week to be weighed and observed ; 
and where it is not possible to bring the 
babies to our clinic we visit them, admin- 
ister, and advise. Our field of opera- 
tions is steadily broadening, and it is the 
wonder of many persons familiar with 
welfare work in Paris how we manage to 
reach or rather to secure our numerous 
patients. As a rule, the French mother 
is very reluctant to part with her in- 
fant, and her feeling in this respect is 



intensified if her child be suflfering or 
critically ill. Generally, these little in- 
valids can be discovered only by search- 
ing inquiry, and even then the dis- 
tressed mother will relinquish her min- 
istrations grudgingly. She knows how 
very often a hospital's work of relief 
fails — how f r e - 
quently the wee one 
is irrevocably lost. 
" With us, the 
attitude of the par- 
ents is quite the 
reverse. The suc- 
cess of our labors 
has been talked 
over in humble 
homes in all parts 
of the French capi- 
tal. Children are 
voluntarily brought 
to the hospital from 
every arrondisse- 
ment of Paris and 
even from the out- 
lying suburbs, such 
is the persuasive ef- 
fect of the reputa- 
tion won by the 
Maison des Tout 
Petits. The attend- 
ing physician of the 
little hospital i s 
Doctor J. Raimondi, the well-known 
children's specialist of France. The 
head nurse or directress is Miss Lillian 
Neilsen, Avho was for some years in 
charge of the infant ward of Bellevue 
Hospital, New York City. For quite 
eighteen years she has given special 
study to the problem of infant feeding, 
and how well she has mastered her sub- 
ject is ampl}- evidenced by Avhat she 
has achieved at this little haven. 

" To make this clear let me quote a 
letter from Doctor Raimondi to Mrs. 



C. Frederick Kohl, 
the President of our 
organization. He has 
written : 'It is with 
pleasure that I give 
my opinion of the 
Maison d e s Tout 
Petits. With a feel- 
ing of deep gratitude 
I have taken notice of 
the valuable help given 
by our relief work in 
the care of our infants 
here in Paris as well 
as in the nearby sub- 
urbs. I have followed 
with interest all of the 
efforts of your organ- 
ization, which is the 
only one of its kind in 
France, an organiza- 
tion which is so neces- 
sary and the extension 
of which would be highly desirable both 
in providing medical advice to mothers 
and hospital service for infants who are 
suffering from the worst diseases of the 
digestive system, and who are in a des- 
perate condition when brought to you. 
You are fulfilling a noble task. The 
originality of your undertaking may be 
best emphasized by the fact that here- 
tofore no one has tried to essay it here. 
Results have outstripped all reasonable 
hopes. Through this work, with which 
you are allied, a great number of chil- 
dren have been saved, of which eighty 
or ninety per cent, would otherwise 
have died.' " 

The really heartening thing about the 
work of the Maison des Tout Petits 
is that so large a percentage of the little 
sufferers become normal children, 
and are in a fair way to grow to be 
strong men and women once the handi- 
cap of a puny start is overcome. In- 



deed, the significance 
of this work is even 
greater because of one 
ouitstanding fact. The 
majority of the babies 
that have come under 
the helpful purview of 
this hospital are male 
infants, and their sav- 
ing and invigorating 
bears intimately and 
directly upon the 
future man power of 
France. There i s 
every reason why 
Americans should lend 
their further aid to 
this splendid under- 
taking, help to outfit 
a bigger building cap- 
able of accommodat- 
ing at least a hundred 
babies, and, at the 
same time, augment the personnel so 
that a still larger number of out-patients 
could be taken care of. 

Miss Neilsen's conspicuous part in 
the remarkable success of the Maison 
des Tout Petits, apart from her special 
training, is due to inborn C|ualifications. 
She has a natural aptitude and love for 
her work, and her sympathy and 
aboimding patience inspires confidence 
wdiere reticence and even distrust are all 
too common. To the uninitiated, what 
she has achieved seem veritable mir- 
acles, and it is no wonder that many of 
the devout and delighted parents call 
her " The Apostle." Miss Neilsen, 
how^ever, realizes the essentially prac- 
tical side of her task, and therein lies 
the message to American mothers. The 
little ones, with their utterly disor- 
ganized digestive systems, have been 
painstakingly won back to health and 
strength through the medium of dried 



milk, a milk powder especially pre- 
pared for infant feeding on this side of 
the Atlantic, and which contains twelve 
per cent, of fat or, as it is popularly un- 
derstood, that measure of cream. 

This preparation does more than 
merely restore flesh to the babies' ema- 
ciated bodies ; it builds solid tissue ; it 
satisfies and does not derange the over- 
sensitive stomach of the half-starved ; 
it leads to that normal upbuilding 
which nourishes rachitic bone and cor- 
rects the curvature due to disease ; and, 
finally, this method of feeding is potent 
in battling with the early symptoms of 
tuberculosis. From Miss Neilsen's ex- 
perience, especially latterly in France, 
she is satisfied that if she can get a 
tubercular infant in its first year it will 
be entirely practicable to eradicate the 
malady ! 

Of the Maison des Tout Petits, 
Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Secre- 
tary of the American Relief Clearing 

House and Member of the Committee 
for Fatherless Children \v. France, has 
volunteered this tribute. " No work 
I have seen in France, and I have been 
in relief work since the war opened, is 
so appealing to one's heart, nor does 
any work do more good in its line or 
have more possibilities for useful de- 
velopment in the future. No Avork 
is more deserving of American support 
than this, and what can be done to as- 
sist it will be of vital importance to 
France and, therefore, to us, as its edu- 
cational value will enable it to save 
thousands of lives. It is to them we 
must look to carry on the work of civil- 
ization and be our barrier against future 
German aggression." 

While the Maison des Tout Petits 
has been in full swing for less than a 
year, the significance of its labors 
should not be judged by the standards 
of prolonged service. It should be re- 
membered that months, yes, even 



weeks, in an infant's early days are to 
its vital record what years would be to 
the adolescent or the mature. The 
seeming miracles worked by the Maison 
des Tout Petits may become the rule, 
even the commonplace, of tomorrow, 
thanks to the loving, tender initiative 
of a small group of Amierican women 
fortified by a dietary agency developed 
here in the laboratory. 

It is certain that woefully wasted 
infants, weak and the apparently de- 
formed wee ones may be coaxed back 
to vigor, rounded out in body, and 
straightened and strengthened in spine 

and limb — metamorphosed, in short, into 
crowing, laughing little urchins or 
transformed into winsome fairies bub- 
bling over with exuberant health, na- 
ture's greatest gift. Is it a marvel, then, 
that Madame Poincare, wife of the 
President of France, who has spent 
many hours at the Maison des Tout 
Petits, should pay this grateful tribute? 
" I wish everyone could know how 
touched I am by the greatness of 
American efiforts. This Foundation is 
one of the most successful manifesta- 
tions, and to it no French mother 
should remain insensible." 


By Woodbury Pulsifer 

Who won the war? 

'Twas little Belgium stemmed the tide 
Of ruthless hordes who thought to ride 
Her borders through, and prostrate France 
Ere yet she'd time to raise her lance. 
Plucky Belgium ! 

Who won the war? 
Italia broke the galling chain 
Which bound her to the guilty twain ; 
Then fought 'gainst odds till one of these 
Lay prone and shattered at her knees. 
Gallant Italy ! 

Who won the war? 

'Twas France who wrote, in noble rage. 
The grandest words on history's page ; 
" They shall not pass! " The driven Hun 
Surged on to death, but not Verdun. 
Brave, sturdy France ! 

Who won the war? 
In darkest hour there rose a cry: 
" Sweet Liberty, thou shalt not die ! 
We come ! we come ! across the sea, 
Thy stalwart sons and victory ! " 
America ! 

Who won the war? 

Old England's watch-dogs of the main 
Their vigil kept, and not in vain ; 
For scarce a ship her wrath dared brave 
Save those which skulked beneath the wav( 
Alighty England ! 

Who won the war? 
No one of these; no one, but all 
Who answered Freedom's clarion call. 
Each humble man who did his bit 
In God's own book of fame is writ. 
These won the war. 

— Washington Evening Star. 


By Edgar Stanton Maclay 

Author of "A History of the United States Navy," "A History of 
American Privateers," "Reminiscences of the Old Navy," etc. 

OPULAR fancy seems to have 
persisted in regarding the sailor 
as an irreverent fellow, yet 
when we come to look the facts 
squarely in the face, we will 
find that, so far as human rec- 
ords go. Jack always has had a conscious 
or subconscious belief in the existence of 
a Supreme Being. Indeed, in what other 
element on this globe is such a belief 
more likely to be generated ? The moun- 
tains are awe-inspiring, but even more so 
is the mighty ocean when lashed into a 
fury by tempest. It is on such occasions, 
more so than in any other material en- 
vironment of man, that the soul feels its 
utter helplessness, and is prone to cry out, 
" God have mercy upon us ! " 

With all that has been said, written and 
imagined about the lightheartedness of 
the sailor, we will find, deep down in his 
heart, a profound reverence and belief 
in the existence of the Creator; and it is 
not too much to say that this belief is 
stronger and more general among sea- 
men than in any other one class of men. 
This is especially true among the navy 
sailors of the world, for, as a rule, they 
have had this innate belief enhanced by 
the teachings of chaplains and the preach- 
ing of God's Word while aboard ship. 

Whether or not he is willing to admit it. 
Jack has taken the liveliest interest in the 
life to come — and the means of transit. 
No landfolk could be more anxious for 
a " decent burial " than your true son of 
the sea ; and in many instances he has 
been as " fussy " over the details of his 
burial as any old lady who has been pay- 
ing a " five-cent-a-week " life insurance 
policy for twenty years. An illustration 
of this is found in the private papers of 
Moses Brown, one of the first regularly 
commissioned captains in our navy on its 
reorganization after the American Revo- 
lution. In 1778 Brown commanded a 
warship fitted out by Massachusetts, one 
of the cannon of which burst, killing or 
wounding its entire crew. One of the 
fatally injured sailors was an Irishman, 
who begged Captain Brown that he might 
not be " thrown overboard like a dog," 
but that prayers be said over him. 

" Very well, Pat," said Captain Brown, 
" I will tell Mr. Blank to read prayers 
over you." 

But it seems that this particular " Mr. 
Blank " was of a religious faith espe- 
cially repugnant to Pat. who exclaimed : 
" No ! Faith, no, Captain ! Then I shall 
not die. Mr. Blank shall never read 
prayers over me ! " 




Knowing that the man was in earnest, 
Captain Brown promised that he would 
read the prayers himself. With a gleam 
of unutterable satisfaction stealing over 
his honest features, Pat replied : " God 
bless ye, Captain ! Then I'll die di- 
rectly, sor." 

This interest in the "life to come " was 
not confined to the crews. It cropped 
out a few years ago in a request made 
by one of the commanding officers in 
our navy, who not only bore a name that 
was unmistakably Hibernian, but who 
wanted everything about him to corre- 
spond as much as possible to the traits 
of his " ancient and honorable " ancestry. 
Coming into command of a fine ship, he 
at once proceeded to adjust his environ- 
ment in conformity to his views. He did 
not have a golden harp emblazoned on 
each side of his craft, but he did cause 
all the ditty-boxes to be painted an emer- 
ald hue. His chaplain was a Mr. Isaacs, 
who was a good Methodist parson. Fall- 
ing in with another United States war- 
ship which had a chaplain bearing a 
rich Irish name, our Emerald-true cap- 
tain suggested that the ships " swap 
chaplains " as being in better conformity 
to his racial instincts. 

It must be said that differences in 
religious beliefs never have seriously in- 
terfered with the hearty cooperation, 
good-fellowship or safety of the officers 
and crew of United States war-craft. 

There was one instance in the career 
of our navy, however, in which the Ameri- 
can man-of-warsman did not display his 
usual broad-mindedness in the matter of 
religion. In fact, so far as the writer 
knows, it is the first case in which the 
religious question ever appeared in our 
service in an official capacity ; and when 
the facts are fully before the reader, pos- 
sibly Jack's bigotry may be pardoned. 

In 1800 the American frigate George 
]]'ashington, Captain William Bainbridge, 
touched at the Mediterranean port of 
Algiers to deliver the annual tribute from 
the United States to the ruler of that 

It happened at that juncture that the 
Dey had incurred the displeasure of the 
Sultan of Turkey, and, to propitiate the 
wrath of that potentate, the Dey was 
anxious to send presents to the value of 
six or seven hundred thousand dollars 
to Constantinople. Not having a craft of 
his own, he compelled Captain Bainbridge 
to use the George Washington on a voy- 
age to the Bosphorus. Humiliating as this 
errand was (with the Algerian colors 
over the American ship), it was made 
doubly so by interruptions to the navi- 
gating of the frigate because of the fre- 
cjuent devotions of the Mohammedan' 
emissaries who went along to see that the 
presents were properly delivered. 

Prayers on the open deck interfered 
with the tacking of the ship; and so scru- 
pulous were the devotees, that, they dele- 
gated one of their brethren to consult the 
ship's compass every time they prayed,, 
in order to make sure they were facing. 
Mecca. As can readily be imagined, the 
American tars in the George Washington 
became irritated, and the wheelmen gave 
vent to their displeasure by reversing the 
point of the compass when the Mussulman 
delegate came to find in which direction 
Mecca lay. It was not long before the 
devotees discovered the trick, and were 
horrified on learning that they had been 
worshipping with their backs to the Holy 
City. From that time on they stationed 
one of their most formidable members 
at the compass to insure no further tam- 
pering with their religious faith. 

But Jack's ingenuity was not ex- 
hausted. He still " had it in " for those- 



Mussulmans. During the excessively hot 
weather, the awnings were " broke out " 
and hung during the day, but were taken 
down at night or in heavy gales. One 
morning, the awning was spread flat on 
the deck, ready for hoisting. In spite of 
Jack's protests, the Mohammedans came 
up at " prayer time " and squatted them- 
selves on this awning and began a vigorous 
bowing and mumbling in accordance with 
their religious rites. Feeling that the 
burden of responsibility could not rest on 
him (as he had given ample warning), 
the burly boatswain piped away, the 
American sailors hoisted with (perhaps) 
unusual vigor, and in an instant the dozen 
or so devotees were rolling and sprawling 
in a mass toward the slack end of the 
awning — grabbing their " prayer-mats " 
and " service books " in an effort to 
save at least those precious insignia of 
their faith from being dumped into the 
lee scupper. 

So far as the writer knows, the first 
instance of a regularly appointed chap- 
lain in the United States navy was that 
of Samuel Livermore, v,-ho, through per- 
sonal attachment to Captain James Law- 
rence, w^as made chaplain of our frigate 
Chesapeake when she fought the British 
ship Shannon off Boston lighthouse, 
June 1, 1813. Previous to that, such re- 
ligious ceremonies as were performed 
aboard American navy craft, seem to 
have been conducted by the commanding 
officer or his assistants. It is doubtful 
if regular church services were held down 
to the period of the Chesapeake-Sliannon 
fight. John Paul Jones, who left the most 
voluminous records of any of our sea 
officers of the Revolution, makes no men- 
tion of religious services aboard any of 
the many ships under his command, or of 
any chaplain aboard. Not one of the 
numerous sea records left by other 

officers and seamen in the same war indi- 
cates that " sky pilots " took an active 
part in the struggle on the ocean ; and the 
same is noticeable in the records bearing 
on our qitasi-war with France, 1798- 
1800 ; and in the wars against the States 
of Barbary. 

From this it may be presumed that the 
religious phase did not officially enter 
American navy life until about the period 
of our second war against Great Britain. 
And it is stated on good authority that 
Samuel Livermore himself was not a 
regularly ordained minister. In fact, it 
is questionable if he had ever, officially, 
conducted a religious service. Like many 
of our good American " fighting parsons " 
who have added brilliant pages to our 
national history, Livermore seems to have 
loved a " good fight " — when the cause 
was just. In all probability, he taxed 
whatever personal claim he may have had 
on the friendship of Captain Lawrence, 
and the latter, finding the Chesapeake's 
complement full, and no place in which 
to enter an " extra hand " on the ship's 
muster-roll, " appointed " Livermore to 
the honorary office of chaplain as being 
sufficient excuse to permit him to enter 
the frigate and take part in the im- 
pending battle. 

And Livermore established, on that mo- 
mentous occasion, a precedent in militant 
Christianity, which has been nobly fol- 
lowed bv succeeding " sea parsons " in the 
navy down to date. Such had been the 
slaughter in the Chesapeake that, when 
Captain Broke (the commander of the 
Shannon) led his boarders aboard the 
Chesapeake quarterdeck, Livermore was 
about the only American in that part 
of the ship remaining unhurt. Lawrence 
has just received his mortal wound. 
Livermore seized a pistol and fired at the 
British commander, and, although the 



bullet missed its mark, it struck an enemy 
seaman. With a " backward stroke of his 
good and mighty Toledo blade," Captain 
Broke felled the chaplain to the deck. 

From the diary of a seaman, kept while 
aboard the United States frigate Potomac 
during her famous cruise around the 
world, 1832-1834, it appears that, by that 
time, chaplains and religious services had 
become an official part of ship-life in our 
navy. Describing Sundays at sea he re- 
cords : "None but the most necessary duty 
is required of the crew on that day. If 
the weather is fa^ir, divine service is 
performed and the crew mustered. The 
first Sunday of each month is allotted to 
reading the Articles of War, which con- 
tain all the necessary commands and 
orders that are requisite to the conduct 
of officers and crew in time of peace and 
war. At 8 a.m. the word is passed, ' All 
hands stand for muster, ahoy ! ' and sum- 
mons every person to church, where the 
chaplain, having the capstan covered with 
an American flag for a pulpit, reads the 
prayers of the church and conducts the 
services with a sermon, short but impres- 
sive. While thus engaged, not a whisper 
is heard. All listen with an attention that 
would do justice to the characters of those 
who have a more exalted opinion of their 
moral life, and contemns the idea that 
sailors can not listen to and feel the effect 
of such addresses." 

The above reference to the religious 
side of man-of-warsmen of that period is 
amply supported by other records, and 
confirms the statement made at the begin- 
ning* of this article, that your true sailor- 
man is, and always has been, highly sus- 
ceptible to religious inspiration. In an 
account written by Samuel Leech (a pro- 
tege of the Duchess of Marlborough in 
1810), who afterward enlisted in the 
American navy, it is shown how a group 

of sailors rescued the Rev. Rowland Hill 
from a mob of " land toughs " while on 
one of his street-preaching tours. 

Toward the close of the war of 1812, 
several hundred American navy sailors 
were confined in the British prison pen 
near Capetown. Among these was Leech, 
and he records : " An English missionary, 
the Rev. George Thorn, asked permission 
of the prisoners to preach to them on 
Sundays. Some of the sailors objected, on 
the ground that he would laud the King, 
but the prevailing sentiment was ' Let him 
come, and show him that Americans know 
what good behavior is.' 

" Cleaning up one of the rooms and 
arranging benches, they welcomed Mr. 
Thom and his amiable wife on the follow- 
ing Sabbath. Instead of preaching about 
kings and princes, as some of the Ameri- 
cans feared, he gave them an earnest, 
simple discourse, which so pleased the 
men that they invited him to come 
every Sunday." The missionary accepted 
the invitation, and, as a result of his min- 
istration, " gambling, profanity and other 
vices," among the prisoners, " became 
unpopular and were finally discarded 
altogether." So appreciative were the 
Americans that they presented many gifts 
to Mr. Thom, worked in a rough way 
with their own hands — and doubly wel- 
come to the good man on that account. 
One of the gifts was the model of a full- 
rigged ship. Another gift w^as a hat of 
bullock's horns — the horn being cut into 
narrow strips and woven. 

Chaplains have a most important field 
for work in the United States Navy — a 
field that should be greatly extended in 
accord with the spirit of American insti- 
tutions. This is a God-fearing, God- 
worshipping and God-protected nation. 
" In God we trust " has been our time- 
honored motto, yet, singularly enough, 



we have fallen behind some nations in 
formal acknowledgment of the Almighty 
when entering on a battle. Catholic Spain 
set the example of holding religious rites 
aboard ships on the eve of great sea 
fights or important nautical undertakings. 
Columbus started on his great discovery 
with the formal benediction of the church, 
while priests became an important factor 
in most Iberian voyages of discovery. The 
great Armada and the battle of Trafalgar 
were begun by the Latins with prayer. 
Scotch Presbyterians opened many of 
their battles against Mother England with 
supplications to the Divinity. Whole 
divisions of Russian and English armies 
have formally acknowledged the Supreme 
Being on the eve of battle. Are these 
not examples worthy to be followed both 
in the army and navy of this preeminently 
God-fearing people ? 

Prayers have been offered in American 
armies and aboard our warships on the 
opening of battles, but not because of any 

government or official direction to that 
•end. Washington prayed at Valley Forge. 
Our " fighting parsons " of the Revolu- 
tion " prayed right lustily " whenever 
occasion permitted; and in all our wars 
religious services have been held among 
the soldiers. When the Confederate 
cruiser Alabama came out of Cherbourg 
Harbor, June 19, 1864, divine service was 
being held aboard the Kearsarge; and 
when Cervera made his forlorn dash 
out of the Harbor of Santiago de Cuba, 
July 3, 1898, preparations for " church " 
were under way in the American flag- 
ship. But not one of the foregoing 
instances was the result of an estab- 
lished regulation by the government so 
far as opening a battle with prayer is 
concerned. Would it not be more con- 
sistent with our generally expressed faith 
in God if the United States government 
should order religious service to be held 
in all our armies and fighting craft on the 
eve of impending battles? 


By Margaret Ashmun 

" Men of no small personal respectability have ever kept inns in this country." ■ 
Timothy Dwight, in his " Travels in New England." 

Bareheaded to his open door he came, 

To welcome-in the chilled and famished guest, 

With jocund clamor; stinting not his best. 

And ill content to give what all might claim, 

Freely he poured the cup and heaped the flame ; 

Impartially on rich and poor he pressed 

His homely comforts— food, and warmth, and rest, 

Wise, mirthful talk, and slow diverting game. 

His house, no mere cold hostel, friendly stood, 
Where wayfarers a genial home might find ; 
Himself its gracious spirit, as he stood 
Dispensing what was his of heart and mind ; 
A force he was for simple brotherhood, — 
A man of power, generous and kind. 



By Edward Hale Brush 

f^^glHE Rufus King Chapter, 
^1^ Daughters of the American 
Revolution, with Airs. James A. 
Dugan, Regent, was organized 
January 25, 1918, in Jamaica, 
N. Y., and on April 5, received 
its charter. One 
of the chief 
objects of this 
Chapter is to 
assist the King 
Manor Associ- 
ation to per- 
petuate in every 
possible way 
the name of 
Rufus King, a 
brilliant states- 
man, whose 
fame is asso- 
c i a t e d with 
Long Island. 

The beauti- 
ful Long Island 
home came into 
possession of 
Senator King 
in the opening 
years of the 
nineteenth cen- 
tury and re- 
mained in the 
family until 
1896. The 
mansion itself 
is in the custody of the King Manor 
Association, formed about twenty years 
ago for that purpose, w^iile the grounds 
are beautifully kept by the Park Depart- 

ment of New York City. It is very 
appropriate that such patriotic efforts 
should center around the venerable struc- 
ture which for nearly a century was the 
home of one of the most high-minded 
and distinguished families of America. 

Rufus King 





was a states- 
man who up- 
the very 


highest ideals 
of govern- 
ment. He was 
born in Scar- 
borough, Me., 
March 25, 
1755, the son 
of Richard and 
Isabella King 
and grandson 
of John King 
who emigrated 
from Kent, 
England, about 
1700, and set- 
tled in Boston. 
Richard King 
was a partner 
in the N e w 
York banking 
house of Ward 
and King; also 
a farmer, mer- 
chant, and ex- 
porter of lum- 
ber from the Maine district. 

Rufus obtained his elementary educa- 
tion in Scarborough schools and from 
them was promoted to the academy in 





Newburyport in 1769. In due time he 
entered Harvard where his own attain- 
ments and the advantages of a college 
education made him of great value in the 
Constitutional Convention in later years. 
It was just after the outbreak of the 
Revolution in 1777 that he was gradu- 
ated from Harvard and took up the study 
of law. Wishing to take a more active 
part in the defense of his country he 
served on the stafif of General Glover and 
took part in the Rhode Island campaign 
of 1778. Upon its termination he re- 
sumed his law studies and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1780. His practice 
increased and his ability won him, in 
1782, an election to the Massachusetts 
Legislature where he served three years. 
He was sent as a delegate to the Conti- 
nental Congress, 1785-87. It was while 

a member of this body that he introduced 
his famous Anti-Slavery resolution ap- 
plying to the government 'of the North- 
west Territory. He proposed and vigor- 
ously defended that clause which forbade 
slavery in that area east of the Missis- 
sippi and north of the Ohio River. This 
represented one of his greatest services 
to the nation, but his sentiments were far 
ahead of his time and it was many 
years before the country caught up 
with his ideas. 

He represented Massachusetts in the 
Federal conventions of 1787 that drafted 
the United States Constitution and it 
was primarily through his eflfprts that the 
State was led to ratify the wbrk. 

In 1786 he married Mary Alsop, 
daughter of John Alsop, a wealthy 
merchant of New York. 






In 1789 King was elected United States 
Senator from New York. During Wash- 
ington's second administration he invited 
Mr. King to become Secretary of State. 
He dechned and was appointed Minister 
to England, at that timie a difficult posi- 
tion but ably filled by him until 1803. 
Kmg was one of the most trusted of the 
counsellors of Washington, and in the 
early years of the nineteenth century did 
much as Senator from New York and 
Minister at the Court of St. James to 
mould the policy of the Government on 
important national and international 
questions. His prominence in the coun- 
cils of the Federalist party was such that 
he was twice their candidate for Vice 
President (1804 and 1808) and in 1816 
candidate for President, but the party was 
too divided to win a successful election. 

When his senatorial term expired in 
1825 he was again appointed Minister to 
England, where he gave two years of dis- 
tinguished service. His four elections as 
senator and his two appointments as min- 
ister made him without doubt the re- 
cipient of more honors of this nature 
than have ever come to a citizen of 
the Empire State. 

In 1827, two years after his final re- 
turn to America, he died in New York 
but was buried from his home at King 

Manor, where he accomplished so much 
of the work connected with his later 
career. He lies in the graveyard of 
Grace Episcopal Church, Jamaica, where 
for many years he had been the chief 
mainstay. In one cf the Parish histories 
his death is thus described : 

Mr. King died at 71 years of age in New 
York and was buried from his mansion in 
Jamaica, without pomp, but in the presence 
of many distinguished associates. The Nation 
scarcely 50 years old, might well take note of 
the departure from earth of one who valiantly 
supported its Declaration of Independence, 
shared its struggles and battles to make that 
declaration stand to all the world, and all 
generations. The ample grounds of the King 
Manor were filled with an impressive concourse 
of people. The customs of those days per- 
mitted without comment the distribution of 
segars, tobacco and wine for the refreshment 
of those who came long distances over un- 
paved roads. The solemn scenes of such 
burial may have been relieved of their sad- 
ness and yet no more sincere regrets were 
ever felt or expressed by a community for 
a distinguished citizen. 

Although he served a short time in the 
Continental Army, Rufus King's chief 
claims upon the gratitude of his country- 
men of later generations consists in his 
work of forming a government for the 
United Colonies and upbuilding institu- 
tions and laws by which they might 
remain united. 

The National Society, Daughters of the 
American Revolution, records with deep 
sorrow the loss by death on November 30, 
1918, in Fremont, Ohio, of a former National 
Officer, Mrs. Clayton R. Truesdall (Eliza- 
beth West), Vice-President General, 1911- 

A tribute to her memory will be published 
in the next volume of the Rememl)rance Book. 


The Twenty-fourth Annual Congress of the 
Minnesota Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution was held September 27, 1918, at St. 
Paul Hotel, St. Paul, Minn. Three meetings 
are usually held on the same day, a Conference 
composed of State Officers and Regents pre- 
cedes the general Congress, and in the after- 
noon a meeting of Sibley House Association, 
where ways and means are discussed and 
carried out for the care and maintenance of 
the Sibley House, a historic old home asso- 
ciated with the early Territorial days of Min- 
nesota, which the Daughters own and have 
restored as a museum and chapter house. 

Mrs. James T. Morris, State Regent, pre- 
sided at the meetings, and about one hundred 
were in attendance. Tlie platform was decor- 
ated with an immense flag and palms, and the 
Regent's table was adorned with an artistic 
bouquet. The Recording and Corresponding 
Secretaries and Treasurer were seated at the 
table with the Regent. After the singing of 
" America " the invocation was offered by 
Mrs. Ell Torrance, Ex-State Regent. The 
Daughters were then favored by a patriotic 
address when Mayor Lawrence C. Hodson 
of St. Paul was introduced. The speaker 
gave great praise to the Minnesota Daughters 
for their wonderful patriotic work accom- 
plished in not only war relief and Red Cross 
work, but in the many other branches of 
work, in preserving hist*, ry and keeping the 
ancestral fires alive. 

The Regent, Mrs. James Morris, responded 
to the address by saying that she felt that the 
instituting of " gasless Sundays " had done 
much to bring back the old-time Sundays in 
the home, when the family gathered about 
the piano to sing the old songs and really get 
acquainted with father. 

The reports of the Regents showed increased 
results in all war relief and Red Cross work 
over that of the previous year. Hundreds of 
quarts of grape juice and thousands of glasses 
of jellies and fruits have been made this fall 
and sent to sick soldiers. Our State Regent, 
Mrs. Morris, has made personal visits almost 
daily to the hospitals at Fort Snelling and the 

Overland, carrying hundreds of quarts of 
grape juice, books, magazines, etc., to cheer 
the soldiers. 

The following letters expressing appreciation 
of these contributions have been received : 

Headquarters Medical Detachment 

U. S. Army 

Air Service Mechanics School, 

St. Paul, Minn. 

November 2, 1918. 

From : The Officer in Charge of Hospitals. 

To : Mrs. James T. Morris, State Regent, 
D. A. R., MinneapoHs, Minn. 

Subject : Grape Juice and Jellies Sent to 

1. The Officer in Charge of Hospitals de- 
sires to thank the members of the D. A. R. 
throughout the State for their great kindness 
in sending to the boys sick in our hospitals, 
wonderful home-made grape juice and jelly. 
If the members could only go through the 
wards at meal time and watch the convales- 
cents heaping on their bread all the jelly they 
can get, you would know how much the boys 
appreciate the trouble you have taken in making 
it for them. 

2. The grape juice has been of even greater 
value. More than one boy has been able to 
take grape juice when no other nourishment 
was possible for him. You have worked hard 
— you have spared neither expense or trouble — 
but it has been well worth while. 

3. In addition to the actual good you have 
done in nourishing the boys, there is a feeling 
of dependability toward you which the officers 
of the medical corps have felt. You have al- 
ways been ready at any call, and have time 
and again proved yourselves extremely effi- 
cient. You have more than upheld your stand- 
ards and ideals as a patriotic organization. 

4. The entire hospital — officers, nurses and 
patients — are deeply indebted to you, and more 
grateful than they can say. 

John E. Struthers, 

Captain, M. C, U. S. A. 



Headquarters of U. S. Army Hospital 
Fort Snelling, Minnesota 

October 10, 1918. 
Mrs. James T. Morris. 
State Regent, D. A. R. 
Minneapolis. 4 4. ^ H Q O 

Dear Madam : '*' 

We take this opportunity to thank yourself 
and ladies of the D. A. R. who so kindly fur- 
nished this hospital with grape juice. 

Your cooperation, your loyal sacrifice of 
time, money and convenience, and the con- 
stant devotion to the needs of our soldiers, 
are the natural and inevitable resuUs of Ameri- 
can patriotism. 

Very truly yours, 

A. Schuyler Clark, 
Major, M. C, U. S. A. 

P. S. — Tlie state afghan * is being used by an 
injured soldier at the Overland Hospital. 

During the year a large work has been ac- 
complished by Mrs. Charles S. Batchelder, 
Chairman of Committee " To Prevent Dese- 
cration of the Flag." Many cases of the mis- 
use of the flag as commercial advertising, 
store-window decorations, etc., have been dis- 
covered and corrected. Articles have been 
published in papers and magazines on the 
proper use of the flag and flag laws. 

At the next session of our State Legislature 
an attempt will be made by the committee to 
amend and improve the State Flag Laws. 

The membership of our State D. A. R. now 
has reached a total of 1312 members. 

(Mrs. D. B.) Lethe B. Morrison, 
State Historian. 


By invitation of Rumford Chapter, the 
Seventeenth Annual Conference of the New 
Hampshire Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution was held in Concord, October 30, 31, 
1918. The Conference was called to order on 
Wednesday, in the Chapel of the South Con- 
gregational Church by the State Regent, Mrs. 
Will B. Howe. Invocation was offered by 
the Rev. Archibald Black, followed by the 
singing of the N. S. D. A. R. hymn. Mrs. 
Sumner H. Lawrence, Regent of Rumford 
Chapter, extended to the Daughters a most 
hearty welcome, Mrs. Charles W. Barrett, 
State Vice-Regent, responding very graciously. 

* The above refers to a state afghan com- 
posed of blocks bearing the name of each 
Chapter in the state. 

The Roll Call by the Regent showed a ma- 
jority of the Chapters represented by 

In the absence of the Treasurer, the State 
Treasurer's report was read by the Secretary 
and accepted. 

The Historian reported that a circular let- 
ter had been sent out by her to each of the 
Regents, asking them to send her a report of 
the D. A. R. life in her chapter and town 
and for a history of the names of the chapters. 
Mrs. C. C. Abbott's report on patriotic educa- 
tion was read by the Secretary. 

Mrs. Bruce reported nothing accomplished 
for the C. A. R., only three Chapters having 
assured her of devoting some time to this 
work. Mrs. Bruce appealed to the Chapters 
to set apart at least a portion of one meeting 
each year to forwarding the interest of the 
Society of the C. A. R. 

Mrs. Charles J. Keach, Chairman of the 
Children and Sons of the Republic, reported 
that there were two Chapters in the state, one 
at Somersworth and one at Franklin, and 
much praise is due Mrs. Morrison of Franklin 
for her work with the young people of the 
Polish Colony. Mrs. Keach asked each dele- 
gate to take to her Chapter this message: 

" Keep ever in mind the deep importance of 
this branch of our work, for in no better way 
can Americanization be taught to our aliens 
than in their home by their children, who in 
turn have been taught by our Chapters, Chil- 
dren and Sons of the Republic." 

Mrs. Cox reported that there were four 
Real Daughters. At Christmas, greetings, a 
box of candy, and bank notes were sent to 

Miss Greeley, Chairman of Old Trail Roads, 
suggested that this topic have a place in the 
program at one of the Chapter meetings dur- 
ing the year and that no marking of roads be 
attempted until a uniform style of marking 
for New Hampshire? be adopted. 

Mrs. George Balcom reported that respect 
and love is shown in the state for the Stars 
and Stripes. Mrs. Nannie Burleigh. Chair- 
man on Conservation, reported that the 
D. A. R. all over the state have been leaders 
in conservation, and " Economy " will be their 
slogan for the coming year. 

Mrs. Anna Eaton Carter, Chairman of the 
Magazine Committee, spoke of the merits of 
the magazine and asked for a greater interest 
and a larger subscription. 

Mrs. Lorin Webster, Chairman of the Pres- 
ervation of Historic Spots, reported that 
Granite Chapter, Newfields. assisted in rais- 
ing the necessary funds to place a soldiers' 
monument in the town, which was dedicated 
on Memorial Dav. 



Margery Sullivan Chapter and the Society of 
Colonial Wars in the State of New Hampshire 
dedicated the memorial tablets to the memory 
of Major Richard Walderne in the Old Burial 
Ground, Dover. 

Miss Harriet I. Parkhurst, Chairman of 
Genealogical Research, asked for copies of un- 
published family records, genealogies, ab- 
stracts of deeds, wills, marriages, birth and 
death records. Inscriptions on tomb stones in 
many of the little farm cemeteries are also 

Mrs. Benjamin C. White, Chairman of the 
Naval Service, reported that the Daughters 
had worked diligently, knitting sweaters, 
socks, helmets, and scarfs, besides making and 
filling many comfort kits. 

Mrs. Howe explained the Training Camp 
Fund, and because of this fund we have been 
able to send a young woman to take a three 
weeks' course in intensive training in Wash- 
ington and are to aid the young women in the 
purchase of aprons and of shoes, if need be, 
who are to take the five months' Nurses' 
Training Course in New Hampshire. 

It was voted that a note of sympathy be 
sent Mrs. Fannie B. Emerson, Regent of 
Submit Wheatly Chapter, whose son had so 
recently given his life for his country on the 
battlefield of France. Mrs. Holdsworth read 
letters from two of our Real Daughters. 

As our distinguished guests had not arrived, 
a change in the program for the afternoon ses- 
sion was necessary, the State Regent giving 
her report at this time. It was an inspiring 
patriotic address, as well as presenting a con- 
cise and comprehensive report of the year's 
work of the organization. Mrs. Howe urged 
the buying of Liberty Bonds, a deeper rever- 
ence shown for the flag, conservation of food, 
and the importance of Americanization. 

General Frank S. Streeter, Chairman of the 
New Hampshire State Committee of Ameri- 
canization, asked his audience to put them- 
selves in the place of the non-English speak- 
ing aliens, who are unable to understand our 
language, our laws, our customs and our in- 
stitutions. Should the moral and mental de- 
velopment of these people be left to the in- 
struction of the I. W. W. and like organiza- 
tions? If so, there shall arise a spirit of 
Bolshevikism which will threaten our democ- 
racy and the blame will rest only on ourselves. 
Henry F. Metcalf, President of the Sons of 
the American Revolution, extended greetings 
to the delegates. 

Rumford Chapter was especially honored 
in having for guests Mrs. George Thacher 
Guernsey, President General, Mrs. Charles 
Aull, Vice-President General from Nebraska, 
Mrs. George M. Minor, Vice-President 

General from Connecticut, Mrs. Frank D. Elli- 
son, State Regent of Massachusetts, and Mrs. 
John L. Buel, State Regent of Connecticut. 

Mrs. Guernsey said : " We are living in a new 
world ; a more sane and serious note marks 
our national life. Life has taken on a nobler 
form. We, the Daughters of the American 
Revolution have moved out of our ancestral 
groove and made ourselves a part of the activi- 
ties of the world." 

Mrs. Aull brought greetings from Nebraska. 
Mrs. Minor, Chairman of the Magazine Com- 
mittee, urged the Daughters to subscribe to 
the official publication of the Society, which is 
no longer a charity but an asset to the Society. 

Mrs. Ellison, State Regent of Massachusetts 
and Director of the Northeastern Division, 
brought greetings from her ninety-six Chap- 
ters, and suggested that both New Hampshire 
and Massachusetts go over the top on the 
$100,000 Liberty Bond taken out by the 
National Society. Mrs. John L. Buel spoke 
first of the success of the American dyes; then, 
in closing, said that our sacrifices have been in 
vain if we stand for anything less than uncon- 
ditional surrender. 

Mrs. Howe, before adjourning, asked the 
Regents and Delegates to devote three minutes 
of their Chapter meetings to conservation, to 
report the amount of Liberty Bonds taken out 
by the members, to send in their Smithsonian 
Reports more promptly, and advised the wear- 
ing of the D. A. R. recognition pin. 

A pleasant incident of the Conference was a 
reception given by Mrs. B. C. White, in honor 
of the National Officers and visiting Daughters. 

The Thursday morning session was called 
to order by the State Regent. Mrs. Guernsey, 
President General, interestingly explained the 
work of the Society. 

Mrs. Aull outlined the work of patriotic 
education. Mrs. Minor again asked for the 
support of the magazine. Mrs. Ellison asked 
that New Hampshire go over the top with her 
sister states in the number of magazine 

The Chapters have been particularly active 
in Red Cross work, in subscribing for Liberty 
Bonds and War Savings Stamps, in raising 
m.oney to help in the rebuilding of the French 
village of Tilloloy, and the support of French 

The State Officers elected at the Conference 
were : Mrs. Charles W. Barrett, State Regent ; 
Mrs. Lorin Webster, Vice Regent ; Mrs. C. H. 
Babbitt, Conference Representative on the Ad- 
visory Board, and Mrs. W. B. Howe, Honorary 
State Regent. 

Mrs. Barrett moved that $25 be appropri- 
ated bythe Conference for the Children's Aid 



and Protective Society. Carried. Mrs. Dear- 
born moved that we purchase a $100 Liberty 
Bond of the fifth issue. Carried. Mrs. Holds- 
worth moved that the Conference appropri- 
ate a sum, not exceeding $10 in money or 
gifts, to be given Mrs. Cox to send to each of 
our four Real Daughters. Carried. Mrs. 
Dearborn moved that a Christmas message of 
good cheer be sent by the Secretary to the 
Daughters serving overseas. Carried. Mrs. 
Martin moved that a rising vote of thanks be 
extended Rumford Chapter for their courtesy 
and entertainment. Carried. 

Mrs. Howe very feelingly thanked the 
Daughters for their hearty support during her 

term of office as State Regent. Mrs. Hill 
expressed for the state the Daughters' pride and 
appreciation to Mrs. Howe for her faithful 
and efficient work. 

Upon adjournment of the Conference all 
joined in singing " America." 

The inspiration received from our guests, 
together with the enthusiasm for work shown 
by the Daughters, made the Conference one of 
the most successful and interesting sessions 
ever held by the New Hampshire Daughters 
of the American Revolution. 

Mary P. Demonu, 

State Secretary. 

A Special Magazine Blank from Yankeeland 
which Brings Results 








Signature in full 



(Note— Originated by Mrs. W. F. Hopson, Connecticut) 


Records of war service by States and Chapters tersely told. 
Is your work listed here? All information supplied through 


Publicity Director, War Relief Service Committee, N. S. D. A. R. 

Connecticut. The State has gone " over the 
top " in Fund for Restoration of Tilloloy. 
Four thousand seven hundred and thirty-five 
out of 5779 Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution in the state are members of Red Cross. 
The United War Work of the state was the 
knitting of 600 sets of six garments each, a 
total of 3600 knitted garments for the Avia- 
tion School at Mineola, Long Island, N. Y., 
the Chapters purchasing their own wool, the 
reported cost being over $4000. The Chapters 
are now knitting for the Luerelia Shaw Chap- 
ter's " Emergency Supplies of Knitted Gar- 
ments " for the soldiers and sailors in New 
London. The yarn is bought by the D. A. R. 
Chapters who do the knitting. 

Illinois sent three ambulances to France. 

New Mexico with only four Chapters in 
the state has outfitted the battleship New 
Mexico with comfort garments and has 
raised approximately $1500 with which to buy 
the yarn' for this knitting. The Jacob Bennett 
Chapter of Silver City contributed nearly 
$700 of the amount. The Daughters have also 
furnished one transport. 

New York. Knickerbocker Chapter, New 
York, inaugurated the patriotic prayer ser- 
vices held every week in one of the leading 
hotels in New York. 

Wyoming. Sheridan Chapter completed its 

quota of three knitted sets for the equipment 

of the boys on the battleship " Wyoming," and 

the Chapter has superintended entirely the 


knitting department of the Red Cross. Chap- 
ter raised and has paid its quota for the res- 
toration of Tilloloy. Chapter also raised and 
sent to headquarters at Cheyenne their quota 
for a state ambulance to be sent to " our boys " 
in France. The Chapter is also compiling and 
keeping up to date the historical record of 
" the boys " gone into the service in Sheridan 

Michigan. The Daughters, with the ap- 
proval of the State War Preparedness Board, 
are rushing consignments of knitted garments, 
comfort bags, and jelly to sick and wounded 
Michigan men who have returned from " over 
there," and who are now in New York hos- 
pitals. For the benefit of very weak men, card- 
board sheets sent home in laundry packages to 
prevent wrinkling of shirt fronts are being 
converted into entertaining cards for conva- 
lescing men by pasting on either side of the 
card picture cards, jokes, and short, bright 

One member of Sarah Caswell Angell Chap- 
ter, Ann Arbor, mobilized the negro women 
of the city for a meeting at which the Afro- 
American Women of the Republic Club was 
formed for war relief service work. 

North Carolina. Under the direction of 
the Caswell Nash Chapter, Raleigh, meetings 
of both white and colored mothers of men in 
service were held which were very gratifying 
in attendance and in interest displayed. 




HE Interchangeable Bureau of Lan- 
tern Slides and Lectures has secured 
new sets of slides from the Commit- 
tee on Public Information. Lectures 
accompanying each set of slides have 
been prepared by Government experts. 
The National Society Daughters of 
the American Revolution has done much to pro- 
mote patriotism and teach love of country 
through its interchangeable system of lectures 
and lantern slides, some of which are used 
on United States transports and by the 
Y. M. C. A. in Europe. 

The newly acquired lectures and slides, in 
addition to those of Tilloloy, cannot help but 
be of value to chapters throughout the country ; 
much of their interest centers in showing the 
part played by " our boys " in winning the war. 
The list of the new lectures follows : 
I. The Call to Arms — 
With 58 slides. 
II. Trenches and Trench Warfare — 
With IZ slides. 
Airplanes and How They Are Made — 

With 61 slides. 
Flying for America — 
With 54 slides. 
V. The American Navy — 

With 51 slides. 
VI. The Navy at Work — 

With 36 slides. 
VII. Building a Bridge of Ships— 

With 63 slides. 
VIII. Transporting the Army to France — 
With 63 slides. 
With each set of slides is furnished the 
printed text of the accompanying lecture. 

Apply to Mrs. Henry S. Bowron, Chair- 
man, 1925 7th Avenue, New York, N. Y., for 
price list. 



Other lectures and slides to be secured 
through the committee comprise : 

Slides Price 

America of To-day 46 $2.50 

Memorial Continental Hall and its 

Environs 110 5.00 

Forest Conservation (4 sets). 

Adult, 95 slides each 4.00 

Children, 80 slides each 3.00 

George Washington the Man 126 5.00 

Historic Hudson 95 4.00 

Historic Spots in the Colonial States. 114 5.00 

The Trail of the Flag 100 5.00 

Landmarks in History 100 4.50 

Making of America 85 3.50 

National Old Trails 100 4.50 

Our Flag (adult) 100 5.00 

Our Flag (children, selected) 11 3.00 

Romantic History of the Mayflower 

Pilgrims 100 3.00 

This Country of Ours 102 4.50 

Incidents in the Making of Our Coun- 
try (Treaty of Ghent) 107 5.00 

Our Waterways 80 3.00 

Youth of George Washington 80 3.00 

The members of the committee are asked to 
interest Chapters in their states in these lec- 
tures. Chapters are expected to pay expressage 
both ways. Orders are filled as they are re- 
ceived. Please make them definite and concise. 
Time must be allowed this year on account of 
delays in express deliveries. Please remember 
this when placing an order. No expense ex- 
cept expressage is entailed in ordering the 
Tilloloy slides. Make application for slides to 
Mrs. Henry S. Bowron, Chairman. Definite 
dates will be given precedence. 


To Insure Accuracy in the Reading of Names and Promptness in Publication 
Cliapter Reports must be Typewritten EDITOR. 

^^^ — ^-r^ 

Letitia Green Stevenson Chapter (Bloom- 
ington, 111.). The First M. E. Church was 
crowded with guests for the program given 
by the Daughters of the American Revolution 
in commemoration of the Illinois Centennial, 
and especially in commemoration of the anni- 
versary of the "lost speech" made by Abra- 
ham Lincoln, May 29, 1856. 

The program opened with an organ volun- 
tary, followed by the singing of " America " by 
the audience. The pastor of the church then 
offered prayer. Mrs. Sain Welty, chairman of 
the committee in charge of the dedication 
ceremonies, presided at the meeting. She 
stated that, in accordance with the proclama- 
tion of Governor Lowden and the Illinois 
Centennial Commission, a committee was ap- 
pointed in McLean County to interest the dif- 
ferent organizations in celebrating the cen- 
tennial year of our State, and Letitia Green 
Stevenson Chapter, D. A. R., decided this 
would be a most fitting time to mark some his- 
toric spot in Bloomington. Mrs. Welty then 
introduced Mrs. M. T. Scott, Honorary Presi- 
dent General, who, she stated, had come from 
Washington to participate in the celebration 
in her home city. The past year Mrs. Scott 
has served as Chairman of the War Relief 
Service Committee, and has been active in 
other forms of war work. Mrs. Scott gave a 
very able address on the history of the "lost 
speech." A letter was read from Robert T. 
Lincoln, son of Abraham Lincoln. Congress- 
man Foss, who had come from Washington 
especially for the occasion, then gave an ad- 
dress. Mrs. F. M. Austin, a member of this 
Chapter, read Lincoln's favorite poem, " Why 
Should the Spirit of Mortal Be Proud?" and 
the singing of "The Battle Hymn of the Re- 
public" closed the program. 

Following this church meeting the audience 
adjourned to the corner of Front and East 
Streets, where the building which formerly was 
a part of Majors' Hall stands. On the east side 
of this building the tablet commemorating 
the famous " lost speech " was unveiled with 
fitting ceremonies. 

The building as it now stands has only two 

stories but when Lincohi made his speech there 
were three stories, and it was on the third floor, 
now torn down, that Majors' Hall was located. 

A large number of people attended this ex- 
ercise out-doors in addition to those who were 
at the meeting in the church, also a large num- 
ber of school children were present. Mrs. M. 
T. Scott made the opening address, which 
follows : 

" It is meet that upon the Letitia Green Stev- 
enson Chapter, Daughters of the American 
Revolution, has devolved the grateful task of 
placing this tablet of enduring bronze, in 
recognition of the popular loyalty and affec- 
tion for the great President from Sangamon. 

" Daughters, while it is well for us often rev- 
erently to retrace the steps that have marked 
our growth, to-day new drafts on our latent 
possibilities are being drawn, and our hearts 
turn not to the past with its memories, but to 
the future with its opportunities, while a voice 
that thrills our souls and stirs our hearts with 
divine emotion summons us to fresh service, 
to noble achievements. 

" In this great enterprise of saving civiliza- 
tion, to which we, with our Government, have 
pledged our flesh and blood at its best, our 
fortunes and our sacred honor, the Daughters 
of the American Revolution have within the 
last year raised^ncluding purchases of Liberty 
Bonds by individual Daughters — nine million 
four hundred and fifteen thousand seven 
hundred and forty-nine dollars and fifty cents. 

"As to the ' lost speech ' of Abraham Lin- 
coln, after all, what has been lost of that fa- 
mous speech at the first Republican convention, 
that birth hour of a great national party here, 
two generations ago? Have we lost the Biblical 
quotation, ' A house divided against itself can- 
not stand ' ? 

" I have always suspected, in my reading of 
the thrilling debates of those days, that what 
was lost in the so-called ' lost speech,' and all 
that was lost, was the magic of the personality, 
the injected enthusiasm which filled the 
speaker and enthralled his hearers ; the electric 
spark, or rather the Divine fire, that plays 
around the head and countenance of a great 


^^m mi ami 

tablp:t placed by letitia green steve> 

•:k, bloomixgton, ill. 

orator on a great occasion ; the same radi- 
ance that pours from an inspired actor on the 
stage, from the diva at the opera, or from the 
minister with a message from the pulpit. What 
pen description has ever availed to help us 
realize the weight of Chatham's defiance of the 
House of Lords in his defence of the Amer- 
ican Revolution? What has ever been able to 
convey to others the thrill of Wilson's mes- 

"All accounts of Abraham Lincoln agree 
that there was something unearthly in certain 
-moods of his — that a veil seemed to descend, at 
moments of possession by other powers than 
his own, over those dark eyes of his in those 
cavernous sockets. 

"Joseph Medill, of that period, has left a 
picture of that spell-bound audience, in the 
confession that he himself, there as a reporter, 
after the first few periods was so carried out 
of himself and from all conscious purpose, ex- 
cept to lose no accent or gesture or breath of 
the speaker, that he totally forgot himself and 
ceased taking notes, and on glancing around 
the reporters' table, found all others trans- 
fixed like himself. One cool friend of Lincoln's, 
his contemporary and neighbor and brother 
lawyer, Whitney, has left a long-hand sketch. 

the best that could be taken, undoubtedly, with- 
out stenography, from which the speech has 
been reconstructed, in a way, for history. Whit- 
ne}' was intimate enough with Lincoln and 
his habits to be able to say that the immortal 
' lost speech ' was not entirely the inspiration of 
the moment and the occasion. He believed 
that Lincoln had had his speech in outline in 
his mind for days before. 

" The convention from the start was in a 
perpetual roar of cheering and applause. Self- 
contained as he was, this gave him a tongue of 
fire, and he hurled sentence after sentence 
like thunderbolts. 

" Mr. Medill got the impression, he tells us, 
that after Lincoln had cooled he was rather 
glad that the speech had not been set down by 
the reporters, as he felt, as he expressed it him- 
self, ' it was too radical in expression on the 
slavery question for the digestion of central 
and southern Illinois at that time.' But it 
nominated him and made him President. 

" To-day, as we gaze across the waters and 
watch the flaming ploughshares of war drive 
deep through cities, farms and villages, and 
hear, as a climax to this drama of blood and 
fire, of demoniacal outrages committed upon 
helpless women and children, we realize as 



perhaps never before that there is a summons 
to American women to awake to their God- 
given privilege and duty, rising above all con- 
siderations, save those which find expression 
in our national aims and ideals. To translate 
theory into practice and ' creed into deed ' is 
revelation of the true meaning and significance 
of service, and to-day that service means defeat 
to Germany. 

"As we scan the tear- and blood-stained pages 
of the war written by German savagery, may 
we dedicate ourselves anew to understand 
and study our precious liberties and how they 
must be preserved ! Every consecrated me- 
morial such as that which the D. A. R. have 
placed in memory of Mr. Lincoln should be 
to us as a shrine. 

" This is the keynote of the strain, this the 
chord that has awakened patriotic echoes in 
our hearts and lives. And it is through the 
quickening touch of fellowship which brings 
us together to-day, strengthening ties of com- 
mon interest, a common citizenship, and one 
common inheritance of our American faith, 
that we are strengthened in all good intent 
and courage, and uplifted with new impulse 
to that larger life and toward those higher 
ideals which we are striving for — a sublime 
national patriotism that binds us together 
under the shining folds of our beloved flag — 
for the defeat of Germany. 

" The woman who broke her alabaster box 
of ointment and precious scents was not re- 
proved, nor shall we be if we work in a spirit 
of reverence for the storied past, and in a 
not less consecrated devotion — through vic- 
tory in this war — to the winning in the present 
and the future of humanity's battle for life such 
as shall be worth living — for the soul's life, for 
the right to live and be free, and for the joy 
and uplifting to the higher things. 

" ' Heard melodies are sweet, but those un- 
heard are sweeter,' and the spirit embodied in 
that immortal pennant and in the tablet placed 
in these walls speaks more eloquently — teach- 
ing the deep significance of the historic event 
we celebrate to-day — than is possible to' any 
phase of speaker or writer." 

Immediately following Mrs. Scott's address 
Miss Elizabeth Davis, a great-granddaughter of 
Judge David Davis, who was a close friend of 
Abraham Lincoln, unveiled the tablet. 

The tablet was then presented to the city of 
Bloomington by Mrs. Welty in behalf of the 
Letitia Green Stevenson Chapter, D. A. R. 

Erma V. Meares. 

Warren and Prescott Chapter (Boston, 
Mass.) met on November 2nd, at the historic 
Harrison Gray Otis house, 2 Lynde Street, 
Boston. The Regent, Miss Grace G. Hiler, 
presided. After the reports of the secretary 

and treasurer as to the annual meeting of last 
April, the Regent announced that the Chapter 
had filled its quota toward the fund being 
raised by the National Society for the Liberty 
Loan, also its contribution for the restoration 
of Tilloloy, France. A short account was given 
by the Regent of the fall conference held in 
Greenfield, which she attended, with Mrs. John 
W. Farwell as alternate, and at which a strong 
spirit of devotion was shown toward all forms 
of war relief. The secretary, Mrs. Edward 
Ver Planck, urged subscriptions to the 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
Magazine, which keeps members in touch with 
the war work done by all Chapters. 

The speaker of the day, William Sumner 
Appleton, then gave an interesting account of 
the architecture and history of the house in 
which the meeting was held, and of the recent 
work done by the Society for the Preserva- 
tion of New England Antiquities in the res- 
toration of this fine old mansion now owned by 
this Society. This house was occupied by the 
Otis family for six years from 1795. Harri- 
son Gray Otis was the grandfather of Mrs. 
Samuel Eliot, for many years Regent of the 
Warren and Prescott Chapter and the great- 
grandfather of the present Vice-Regent, Mrs. 
John H. Morison. The Chapter enjoyed the 
great honor of having as its guest the Presi- 
dent General of the National Society, Mrs. 
George Tliacher Guernsey, who gave a short 
address. She said that the Society is now 
recognized as a great power by the Govern- 
ment ; and the members, having risen above 
ancestral worship, are of practical use in every 
community. A few words were then spoken 
by the Vice-President General of Nebraska, 
Mrs. Charles H. Aull, also the Vice-Presi- 
dent General from Massachusetts, Mrs. Frank 
B. Hall. The last speaker of the day was the 
State Regent of Massachusetts, Mrs. Frank 
D. Ellison, who urged the support of the 
State Conferences by attendance of Chapter 
members. At the close of the meeting an op- 
portunity was given to inspect the old-time 
house and see the valuable relics on exhibition. 

(Mrs. Norman F.) Alice B. Hesseltine, 
Corresponding Secretary. 

Multnomah Chapter (Portland, Oregon) 
selected Independence Day to dedicate its tab- 
let near Rhododendron Tavern, on the slopes 
of Mount Hood, commemorating the old Bar- 
low Road over which, in 1846, were brought 
the first wagons into the Willamette Valley. 

With a few happy words of congratulation 
the exercises were opened by the Regent, Mrs. 
John A. Keating; then followed the singing 
of " America," the salute to the Flag, and the 
invocation by Rev. E. E. Gilbert, of Oregon 
City. W. H. H. Dufur, until recently President 





of the Oregon 
Pioneer Associa- 
tion, and George 
H. Himes, for 
thirty-three years 
its secretary, read 
brief papers re- 
lating early inci- 
dents connected 
with the road, 
and Leslie M. 
Scott, Vice Pres- 
ident of the asso- 
ciation, who has 
made a special 
study of this old 
pathway, sent his 
appreciation of 
the work of the 
Daughters in thus 
preserving o 1 d 
trails, in a con- 
gratulatory mes- 
sage, which was 

read by Mrs. James N. Davis, a Past Regent of 
the Chapter. 

Mrs. O. M. Ash. Chairman of the Chapter's 
Old Trails Committee, sent a brief statement 
regarding the selection of the site. This was 
read by her mother, Mrs. A. H. Breyman, Vice 
Regent of the Chapter. A note of unique in- 
terest was added to the program when it was 
learned that Mrs. Breyman had pioneered lover 
this road to Oregon as a very little girl, and 
was the only person present who had thus 
entered the Golden West. 

Mrs. Mary Barlow, a former Regent of the 
Chapter, and granddaughter of the intrepid 
pathfinder, whose name she bears, made the 
principal address, giving a most interesting 
account of the perils encountered by the pio- 
neers, and of her grandfather particularly, 
who by his ability and energy conducted the 
first party of emigrants through these impen- 
etrable fastnesses and swollen streams into the 
land flowing with milk and honey, thus helping 
to add the splendid empire of the Northwest 
to our beloved land. 

It was said of Samuel K. Barlow that he 
knew not the word " can't " ; and it was this 
spirit that enabled him and his little company 
to literally hew their way through the wilder- 
ness. After untold hardships and danger 
they reached Oregon City, at the Falls of the 
Willamette River, on Christmas Day, 1845. 
The trip from The Dalles (on the Columbia) 
one hundred miles, had consumed two and one- 
half months — now easily covered by boat, train 
or automobile in a few hours. Can we do too 
much in commemoration of their great work, 
the fruits of which we are to-day enjoying? 

Judge Deady, 
jurist of the 
early days, said : 
" The construc- 
tion of the Bar- 
low Road con- 
tributed more 
toward the pros- 
perity of the Wil- 
lamette Valley 
and the future of 
the State than 
any other achieve- 
ment prior to the 
building of the 
t r a nscontinental 
railroad in 1870." 
The singing of 
" America " and 
" The Star Span- 
g 1 e d Banner " 
was led by a 
g r a nddaughter 
and a great- 
granddaughter of Air. Barlow — Miss Neita 
Barlow Lawrence and Mrs. Imogene Hard- 
ing Brodie, of Oregon City; and the "Rally 
Song" of Multnomah Chapter, "Hail to 
Our Noble Fathers," the words written by 
Mrs. H. H. Parker, a Chapter member, and 
the music composed by Lindsley West Ross, a 
member of the S. A. R., son of Mr. and Mrs. 
J. Thorburn Ross, of Portland, now in the 
Navy, was an interesting part of the program. 
Mrs. Keating, Chapter Regent, presented 
the monument to the State organization ; little 
Miss Madeline Brodie, a great-granddaughter 
of Samuel K. Barlow, unveiled it ; and in the 
absence of Mrs. F. M. Wilkins, State Regent, 
it was accepted by the State Historian. Mrs. 
Keating said : 

" How impressive, that Multnomah Chapter 
should dedicate this monument on the Day of 
Independence ! When we hear of the perils, 
privations, the hardships endured by the early 
pioneers of the West, we engage in another 
act of patriotism in thus connecting the his- 
tory of the past with that of the present. This 
tablet is not only to commemorate the deeds 
of the first pathfinders over the old Barlow 
Road, but also to perpetuate that same won- 
derful spirit. Multnomah Chapter now has 
the honor of presenting this marker to the 
State Organization of the Oregon Daughters 
of the American Revolution, represented offi- 
cially by the State Historian, Mrs. J. Thor- 
burn Ross." 

Mrs. Ross responded in the following 
words : 

" This monument is accepted in the name of 
the Daughters of the American Revolution 



^^i^ ta #ttr %abU 3l|£itl?ers 

Words by Chari.ottf. B. Pxrkkr 

Music ))y LiNDsi.r.Y ^^'F.ST Ross 

Their bones afar are scattered 

On mountain and on plain, 
By many a winding river. 

And by the stormy main; 
But still their spirits lead us 

As evermore we strive 
To aid the cause of Freedom 

And keep its flame alive. 

We cherish in our memory 

Those noble sires of old, 
Who left us each a dowry 

Of greater worth than gold. 
How can we stoop to meanness 

Or any deed of shame 
When mindful of their sufferings 

In Freedom's holy name .'' 

Dedicated to Multnomah Chapter, Daughters of the American Revctutic 
Copyright, 1917, by Emily L. Ross. 

May their example guide us 

And bind us to the end — 
Each one to each a sister 

And ever-faithful friend. 
And may God bless our banner. 

The starry flag we love; 
And may it shine forever. 

Like stars of heaven above! 

in, Portland, Oregon. 

and all other loyal residents of the State of 
Oregon. May every traveller along this road 
from this time on, and as long as this mountain 
shall endure, be reminded by this inscription 
to pause and pay tribute to the pioneers who 
blazed the trail for us into the Land of 

The inscription on the handsome bronze 
tablet reads : 

The Oregon Trail 


Erected by Multnomah Chapter 

Daughters of the American Revolution 

Portland, Oregon 


We cannot forbear to record a postscript 
which arrests the mind with its astonishing 
coincidence. Lieutenant Lloyd O. Harding, 
with the A. E. P., another descendant, in 
writing since to his home folk in Oregon City, 
relates that in a French village which had just 
been evacuated by the Germans, he had picked 
up the Paris edition of the London Daily 
Mail, and found therein an account of the fore- 
going event. Near the battle- front, within 
sound of the German and Allied artillery, in a 
French paper, he had, with eager joy, read of 
the dedicatory ceremonies in which several of 
his near relatives had taken so important a 
part, in the far-away and well-loved homeland. 
Emily Lindsley Ross, 

State Historian. 

St. Anthony Falls Chapter (Minneapolis, 
Minn.) was organized temporarily August 31, 
1917, with twenty-six members ; permanently 
organized December 20, 1917. The name is 
derived from the Falls of St. Anthony in the 
Mississippi River, at the site of MinneapoHs. 
Nothing has played so important a part in 
the city's history as these falls ; from the A^ear 
1821, when the first sawmill was built, until 
the present time, when the\^ furnish power for 
mills and manufacturing plants worth many 
millions of dollars, and whose products have 
made the name of Minneapolis familiar in 
every civilized country on the globe ; in fact, 
there would have been no Minneapolis without 
St. Anthony Falls. In our Historian's book 
we have a photograph of St. Anthony Falls 
taken in 1863, and other interesting data con- 
cerning the Chapter. 

We now have forty-four members, with the 
membership limit of fifty active members. 

Since our organization we have been very 
active in war work, having the distinction of 
ranking second among the Chapters of the 
State of Minnesota in amount of Liberty Bonds 
bought (over $176,000 worth, not including 
Fourth Liberty Loan Bonds) and war work 
accomplished ; also second in amount of mone}^ 
obtained from the sale of " treasures and 
trinkets" collected. 

With this money we purchased flags for the 
Army and Navy Club, a beautiful building 
erected by the city of Minneapolis for the 
comfort and convenience of enlisted men. 



At some future date we expect to place a 
tablet upon and formally christen the new St. 
Anthony Falls Bridge, across the Mississippi 
River, which was completed in June, 1918. As 
an engineering feat this bridge is said to be 
unique; the two distinguishing features are 
the compound curve in its course, and the fact 
that it is level. Being 2223' feet long, it is the 
largest concrete arch bridge built on a reverse 
curve that spans the Mississippi River from 
its source to its mouth. 

Our service flag, when completed, will con- 
tain twelve stars. Eighteen scrap books have 
been finished and sent to Camp Wadsworth, 
S. C. ; more are in course of preparation and 
will be sent to Europe. 

One of our members teaches English to a 
class of Bohemian women living in the River 
Flat district. We have representatives in all 
departments of war work, Americanization, 
Child Welfare, War Camp Community Service, 
Council of National Defence and Red Cross 
in all its branches. 

Some of our members are always present 
Wednesday and Thursday of each week, when 
D. A. R. members of the city work for the 
Red Cross at the Calhoun Commercial Club, 
also at D. A. R. dances given at this club every 
Saturday night for men in uniform. 

Knitted articles made by members of the 
Chapter in the eleven months ending August 
31, 1918, are as follows: Thirty sweaters, 16 
mufflers, 18 pairs of wristlets, 7 trench caps, 8 
helmets, 97 pairs of socks, 36 bags for beds at 
Camp Dodge Hospital. One member has 
bought yarn to the amount of $300, from 
which have been made 12 sweaters, 16 mufflers, 
3 helmets, 11 pairs of wristlets, 54 pairs of 

(Mrs. E. J.) Clarissa T. Wallace, 

Mary Chilton Chapter (Sioux Falls, S. D.). 
We always open our meetings with prayer and 
salute to the flag. Our Chapter has held eight 
regular meetings and three special meetings 
since the last annual meeting. 

The literary program has consisted of papers 
dealing with the history of South Dakota. 
During the summer months we met to plan 
and do war relief work. 

We celebrated Flag Day and were presented 
on this occasion with a flag from the Minne- 
haha Bank, of Sioux Falls. On Lincoln's 
Birthday we had a fine address on " Lincoln " 
by Dr. Rolvix Harlan, President of Sioux Falls 
College. We planned a Colonial tea for Wash- 
ington's Birthday, but for lack of a suitable 
place were forced to give that up. 

We have had an average attendance of 
twenty members. During the year we have lost 

two members by transfer to other Chapters, 
but have gained thirteen new members. At 
present time there are ten whose papers are 
pending and twenty-two who liave been elected 
to membership who have not yet handed in 
their application blanks. Our membership is 

Early in the year we had the Daughters of 
THE American Revolution Magazine put in 
the Carnegie Library. 

We have given at different times $15 to our 
" Real Daughter," and have sent her post- 
cards and letters. We framed the picture of 
her father. Sergeant Warrington, which she 
presented to us, and had it on exhibition for a 
week in the window of the Home Furniture 
Company, which dressed its window in Colo- 
nial style in its honor. Both the daily papers 
gave us very nice " write-ups " about Mrs. 
Turner and her father at the time. 

A gift from Mrs. Leslie G. Hill made it pos- 
sible for us to offer prizes of $3 and $2 in the 
seventh grade of the public schools for the 
two best essays on " Prevention of Desecration 
of the Flag." The Chapter also offered two 
prizes of $2.50 for the two best essays on 
"Patriotism." These prizes will be awarded in 

We have ordered and paid for 300O copies of 
the " Flag Code " to distribute in the public 
schools, and will attach to each a printed copy 
of the State law in regard to desecration of the 
flag. We had both " Flag Code " and State 
law printed in both daily papers. 

Our war relief work is as follows : Adopted 
onel French orphan, $36.50 ; made and paid for 
three Red Cross eqiripments, $54; 25 comfort 
kits for navy, $25; raised under auspices of 
Mary Chilton Chapter for State D. A. R. me- 
morial ambulance (over $600 raised in Sioux 
Falls), $1436.38; for restoration of devastated 
village of Tilloloy, France, $28; for LI. S. 
Liberty Loan pledge of $100,000, $56. Total, 

We have 58 glasses of jelly ready to send to 
the nearest base hospital or cantonment at call, 
and $3 for expenses. We have sent one ship- 
ment of about 1000 trench candles and have 
another ready to send. At every meeting the 
Chairman of our Food Conservation Commit- 
tee gives a short talk. Our Book Committee 
has collected several hundred books for the 
Y. M. C. A., and has stamped them with 
M. C. D. A. R. stamp, and has delivered them 
to the A. L. A. We have voted to become a 
Naval Auxiliary of the Red Cross, and are 
only waiting for the return of our Red Cross 
local manager to form our auxiliary. We 
have made twenty Belgian refugee garments 
for the Red Cross. Every member of the 
Mary Chilton Chapter belongs to the Red Cross 







and works for it. Five of our members have 
taken the surgical dressing course and are nowr 
teaching it. Five members have never missed 
going at least once a vifcek to the Red Cross 
room to work since April last. Over half of 
our members have bought Liberty Bonds. 
Large contributions have been made by mem- 
bers to the Y. M. C. A. 

Mary L. Maynard, 

Martha Board Chapter (Augusta, 111.) 
closed the year 1917-1918 with 69 members. 
The nine regular and the two call meetings 
were all well attended. Each included a busi- 
ness session of the entire Chapter when all 
communications from the National and State 
officers and the Chairman of the War Relief 
Committee were presented and acted upon. 
The year books were a gift to the Chapter 
from the Chairman of the Program Commit- 
tee, Miss Minnie Swanson. 

The Chapter unanimously passed the follow- 

ing resolution : Resolved, " That the Martha 
Board Chapter, Daughters of the American 
Revolution, pledge loyalty to the government 
of the United States, to the government of 
the State of Illinois, and to the National So- 
ciety, Daughters of the American Revolution; 
and hereby tender such service as it is in our 
power to render in the prosecution of the great 
war now raging." A copy of this resolution 
was sent to President Wilson, to Governor 
Lowden, and to Mrs. Guernsey; all of whom 
replied expressing appreciation of the 
Chapter's loyalty. 

The Chapter has given its quota (based on 
membership in treasurer's February report) to 
all war activities undertaken by the National and 
State Daughters: Tilloloy, $28; Third Liberty 
Loan, $56; Ambulance, $28; French Orphan, 
$36.50. Also Red Cross speakers, $3.03 ; Belgian 
Relief, $11.03; gifts to Chapter boys, $16.75; 
Lincoln Circuit, $5; Centennial Celebration, 
$13.51; State dues, $11.20; National dues and 
fees, $153. As the Chapter dues are limited to $2 






\r(,l ^lA, ILL. 

with no assessments, three patriotic photoplays 
and an illustrated lecture on Tilloloy by Doc- 
tor Hutchison were given, which finished meet- 
ing the year's expenses with a balance of 
$17.69 in the treasury at the close of the year. 
Gifts by individual members were : postage 
and stationery by officers ; yarn bought and 
knitted for over 80 garments given to Red 
Cross for soldiers and sailors; a beautiful 
afghan with centerpiece of " Old Glory " wav- 
ing in field of grey, with D. A. R. and Red 
Cross insignias and "33rd 111. Division" em- 
broidered beneath (work of Miss Minnie 
Swanson), knitted by Chapter members for 
33rd Illinois Division ; 1200 canceled stamps 
for invalid Belgian soldiers ; Christmas cards 
for township soldiers and sailors, and Christ- 
mas packages for poor children by Yuletide 
Committee ; Easter cards for township sol- 
diers and sailors by Sunshine Committee ; 1 
box to Martha Berry School ; box contributed 
to for Macomb Orphanage ; flannel garments 
and linen damask by Miss Addie King; wool 
hood for Belgian Relief by Miss Winters; 12 
flannel petticoats for Belgian Relief, and 40 silk 
Illinois flags for township sailors and soldiers 
by Miss Minnie Swanson ; 6 scrapbooks and 
25 books for soldiers by Regent, mother and 
sisters ; 36 testaments for township sailors 
and soldiers by Mrs. S. G. Swanson ; township 
service flag by Miss Amy Swanson ; an old 
literary society book to D. A. R. section of 
Public Library by Miss Mabel Garwood ; 36 
silk United States flags to township soldiers 
and sailors, 5 to Chapter babies, and 1 to 
French orphan by Regent ; also " Plymouth 
and Round Prairie," " Revolutionary Soldiers 
Buried in Illinois " ($2 for same given to Red 
Cross), 1 volume D. A. R. Magazine, Regent 
Book, Record Book of life and war record of 

township soldiers and sailors to D. A. R. sec- 
tion of the Public Library, and all floral me- 
morials, 1917-1918, by Regent. Members have 
worked loyally with Red Cross, responded 
liberally to the Liberty Loan, War Savings 
Stamps, Red Cross, and Y. M. C. A. drives. 
D. A. R. tapes and cards have been used. Eight 
sons and brothers of members are in service — 
Arthur Bertholf, Donald Grain, John New- 
comb, Carl Stevenson, Chester Winters, Bur- 
ton King, Gerald Farlow, and Bradford 

We have seven D. A. R. Magazine sub- 
scribers. Two delegates and one visiting mem- 
ber attended the State Conference. 

A Washington Birthday party was held at 
the home of the Regent where Mrs. T. K. 
Pendleton read letters from General Wash- 
ington to her forefather, Captain Matchin ; 
Mrs. Edson King showed andirons in front 
of which Lafayette had sat. An old spinning 
wheel, reeler and skeiner were presented to 
the Chapter by the Regent. Fruit cake made 
after the recipe of a Revolutionary ancestor 
of the hostess was served. 

The Chapter held an Illinois Centennial Cele- 
bration under the management of the Pro- 
gram Committee — Miss Minnie Swanson, Miss 
Alma Bertholf, Mrs. Albert Estes— on April 
18th. The first part of the program was held 
in the Christian Church. After the address 
by State Director of Agriculture, Charles Ad- 
kins, the organizations, under the direction of 
the State Militia, marched to the old " Catlin 
Grove," where a boulder had been erected by 
Mr. Wm. O. Farlow (whose wife and daughter 
are members of the Chapter) on the spot where 
Lincoln spoke in Augusta, August 24, 1854. 
Miss Mabel Garwood, Vice-Regent, presented 
the boulder to the people of the township. 



referring to the expressed intention of the 
Chapter at the time of organization to mark 
the spot, but which had now been made a reality 
through the generosity of Mr. Farlow and Mr. 
Enes Campbell, owner of the land upon which 
the boulder was erected. After the acceptance 
by Mr. Elmer Thomas, township supervisor, 
the boulder was unveiled by four little Chap- 
ter children — Janet Farlow, Donald Stockton, 
Alice Pauline Talbot, and Helen Constance 
Venable ; Doctor Hutchison led in prayer, 
after which Miss Amy Swanson presented the 
township with a service flag. Miss Minnie 
Swanson then presented the last feature of the 
program by stating that on this Centennial 
Day the Chapter had endeavored to lead in 
doing honor to Lincoln and the boys of '61; 
the service flag, our own boys overseas ; and 
the little walnut tree grown from a nut brought 
from George Washington's old home at Mt. 
Vernon, which we were about to plant near 
the boulder, to honor Washington and the 
boys of '75. As the Regent, Miss Luella 
Swanson, placed the tree in position, Mrs. 
T. D. Woodruff, the much beloved State Treas- 
urer of Illinois Daughters, put in the first 
shovelful of dirt, after which she gave a most 
pleasing talk. The program was concluded 
by the playing of the " Star Spangled Ban- 
ner " by the band. The Chapter and its guests 
were entertained at the Swanson home. 

In May the Chapter visited the three ceme- 
teries of the township. Tlie Chapter always 
attends services in a body on Memorial Sun- 
day and on Memorial Day. 

Our Chapter was organized June 6, 1913, 
with SO charter members (population of vil- 
lage 1146) ; have since added 28 members. All 
candidates are nominated from the floor ; no 
person is eligible to the same office for more 
than one year consecutively ; no assessments ; 
all business is brought before the entire Chap- 
ter. These four principles have led our Chap- 
ter successfully through its first five years of 
life in our small village. 

Luella Swanson, 

Charity Stille Langstaff Chapter (Fulton, 
Mo.) has a membership of fifty-five and has 
received eleven new members this year, with 
five papers pending in Washington. Last year 
a forlorn and discouraged Regent returned to 
her Chapter. She had pledged ten dollars for 
the ambulance fund and knew the treasury 
was bare. We sent twenty-five dollars to the 
ambulance fund. Our monthly business and 
social meetings have been held regularly. We 
meet in our homes and try to foster D. A. R. 
spirit of loyalty to each other and our Chapter. 

We maintain a Rest Room in the court 

house for the benefit of our country friends. 
We are educating a young man at Westminster 
College — paid his tuition and have made this 
scholarship perpetual. We work with the 
Navy League and Red Cross. Every woman 
sews, knits or makes surgical dressings. Some 
do all three. Two of our members have given 
sons, — most of us have bought Liberty Bonds. 
We have bought one bond for our Chapter. 
As a Chapter we pay monthly to the Red 
Cross. We canvassed the town for the sale 
of bonds and are credited with large sales. 

We sold Thrift Stamps in all the banks. In 
one bank we sold for two weeks and sold on 
an average of five thousand a day. In March 
we held an auction for the Red Cross which 
enabled us to give them two hundred and 
fifty-five dollars. At that time we did not 
know how to give it so Missouri would get the 
credit. We just gave it locally. Later we 
gave twelve dollars, which went through the 
State Treasurer. 

We sent victrola records to the nurses in 
France. Gave shoes and clothing for the 
Belgian Relief. In July we were honored by 
having our State Regent, Mrs. Moss, make us 
a short visit. We were so glad to know 
her and felt benefitted by her talk. We 
are delighted with her monthly letters — 
our work will be more worth while with her 
instruction and information. Later in the 
summer we gave a Mother Goose Carnival 
which was beautiful and incidentally netted 
us $97. We discussed making and selling the 
" Yarn Sammies." Our committee decided it 
not patriotic to cut up the yarn so knit a pair 
of socks and had them auctioned off. They 
realized thirty-three dollars from the sale of 
the socks. TTie socks were then given to the 
Red Cross. 

We have given one dollar per capita for 
the Third Liberty Loan which has been sent 
to our State Treasurer. Also five dollars for 
the Tilloloy fund. We started a proposition 
to build a city hospital. TTie men have taken 
it up and we feel the day is not far distant 
when our little city will have a hospital. We 
have secured shelf space in our public library 
where our books are now accessible. We still 
have our hospital jelly. Have an ambulance 
robq nearly finished. Our flower committee 
has been active. The sick and sorrowing have 
been remembered. When one of our county 
young men died in a cantonment we sent a 
beautiful wreath. We have seven subscribers 
to the D. A. R. Magazine. We now have 
$109 in the treasury. Have certainly been 
busy and hope to continue so. 

Mrs. W. p. Palmer. 




Omaha Chapter (Omaha, Nel^r.)- As the 
shadows of the world war gathered over our 
beloved land, the loyal Daughters of the Middle 
West have not only responded in as full meas- 
ure as possible to every request from our 
government as well as from our national or- 
ganization, but " our eyes have seen and our 
ears have heard " many opportunities for ser- 
vice in a local way which willing' hands have 
been ready to seize. 

Our war work has been carried on with much 
earnestness under splendid leaders in the vari- 
ous departments. Early in the year we were 
given a room in the U. S. Army and Navy 
Building, which later was increased to an en- 
tire floor, and here our Red Cross activities 
have been centered. 

Mrs. Chas. H. Aull, Chairman of the Yarn 
and Knitting Department, reports the outfit- 
ting of torpedo boat destroyer, consisting of 
75 sets of knitted garments. Mrs. W. L. Selby, 
Chairman of Red Cross, reports 60,000 surgi- 
cal dressings ; also 400 shirts altered for 
Quartermaster's Department, U. S. A. 

Tlie salvage department of the Red Cross, 
which was begun and has been carried on by 
Omaha Chapter, under the active direction of 
Mrs. F. L. Adams, cooperating with our local 
Red Cross chairman, has grown to be a large 
business, netting for the year over $10,000 to 
the Red Cross fund. Just now the salvage 
department is busy taking care of a carload 
of supplies from Idaho, destined for Belgian 
Relief, but the train being wrecked and the 
cars partially burned, this car was set out at 
Omaha and turned over to us. It is the fond 
hope of our Chapter that after the war, this 
work may still be left in our hands, the funds 
to be devoted to a proposed Woman's Building. 

The Chapter has purchased Liberty Bonds 
in the amount of $400, besides fulfiling" our 
quotas as personal subscribers to Liberty 
Bonds and War Savings. We have contributed 
also to Y. M. C. A. and Y. W. C. A. War 
Funds; are undertaking the support of one 
French orphan ; and have paid our quota to 
Tilloloy Fund. 

When Nebraska Base Hospital No. 49, now 
in France, was equipping for overseas ser- 
vice, $500 was turned over to this hospital 
unit from our treasury. Later, when Hospital 
Unit No. 49 left Omaha, our Chapter assisted 
in a farewell demonstration, at which we pre- 
sented to the unit, known as " The Forty- 
Niners," a beautiful American flag. A flag 
was also presented to the Boy Scouts, Omaha 

For years we have had an important collec- 
tion of Revolutionary relics, space for which 
has been kindly loaned us by the Omaha 

Public Library. This year it became necessary 
to provide a suitable case for their protection, 
so the Chapter has purchased and installed for 
this purpose a plate-glass, dust-proof cabinet, 
at a cost of about $250. 

Omaha Cliapter has furnislied chairmen for 
various state branches of war work: Mrs. 
A. L. Fernald, Chairman Women's Committee, 
State Council of Defense; Mrs. Chas. T. 
Kountze, Director State Bureau of Personnel 
(Women's Division) ; Mrs. Chas. M. Wilhelm, 
State Chairman, Civilian Relief ; Mrs. J. O. 
Goodwin, State Supervisor Surgical Dress- 
ings ; Mrs. Edward P. Peck, Member National 
Woman's Service League ; Mrs. A. C. Troup, 
State Chairman Americanization Work; Mrs. 
Chas. Johannes, Hostess at Cantonment, Camp 
Pike ; Mrs. Robert A. Finley, Assistant Secre- 
tary Armenian and Syrian Relief Commission 
for Nebraska. 

The interest of the monthly meetings of the 
year culminated in the visit of our President 
General, Mrs. George TTiacher Guernsey, in 
March, 1918, at which time she put before us 
in clear language the gravity of the war situa- 
tion. Her address was full of earnestness and 
deep feeling. 

We have visited several historic sites in the 
vicinity ; the first regular meeting for the year 
1917, in October, being held under the enthu- 
siastic leadership of Mrs. Philip Potter, our Re- 
gent, at beautiful Bellevue, picturesquely situ- 
ated on the banks of the Missouri, where the 
old building still stands in which it is claimed 
the First Territorial Constitution for Nebraska 
was signed. 

The first meeting for 1918, in October, under 
our new Regent, Mrs. Edgar .\llen, was given 
over to another beautiful trip to Fort Calhoun, 
an equally interesting site, and the childhood 
home of our Past Regent, Mrs. Potter, who 
was able to locate the site of old Fort Atkin- 
son, and many other points historically 

During the summer of 1917, after our regular 
meetings were discontinued and before resum- 
ing our work in the autumn, with a view to 
replenishing our treasury, a series of summer 
card and knitting parties were held at the 
various clul) houseg. netting a generous sum, 
besides over 100 scraphooks prepared and sent 
to Captain Harlow. U. S. N., at his request, 
for use of the boys in the Navy, together with 
a large number of magazines. 

This summer work proved so successful that 
a similar series has been held the past sum- 
mer, under the capable management of Mrs. 
Francis F. Porter, bringing into our treasury 
over $250. 

We have tried to utilize to the utmost all 




the time and means at our disposal, and every 
effort through the year has met with the 
heartiest response from all our members, with 
a fine spirit of harmony pervading all branches 
of the work of our Chapter. 

Fidelia May (H albert) Finley, 


New Orleans Chapter (New Orleans, La.) 
has placed a marker at the end of the Jef- 
ferson Highway, and expects to officially un- 
veil same on the 16th of January. Tlie marker 
is of blue Georgia granite, six feet high, bear- 
ing a bronze tablet with the inscription, " The 
End of the Jefferson Highway. Marked by 
the New Orleans Chapter, D. A. R. 1917." 
The marker is placed at the corner of St. 
Charles and Common Streets, in a crowded 
thoroughfare, and therefore had to be very 
limited as to size. 

This Chapter will be six years old on the 
third of January. We now number 31 mem- 
bers, with about 20 on the waiting list. We 
have been very active with all branches of war 

work, conducting a Red Cross Auxilliary of 
our own ; and are one hundred per cent, con- 
tributors to the Tilloloy Fund, the Liberty 
Loan Fund and the Red Cross Fund. 

On the right of the marker with hand rest- 
ing on same, is our Regent, Mrs. Lilly Boone 
Stewart, who was also the Organizing Regent, 
and with the exception of one year interim, 
has been the Regent of the Chapter since its 
organization in 1913. 

Next to Mrs. Stewart is our chairman of 
Red Cross work. Miss Rena Duncan. On the 
right of Miss Duncan is Mrs. Chas. Morgan 
Hero, our first registrar. On the left is our 
Vice-President General, Mrs. C. H. Tebault; 
next to her is Mrs. H. H. Bull, our present 
registrar, and next to Mrs. Bull is Mrs. W. S. 
Buchanan, our Red Cross chairman of knitting. 

Washington's Birthday was celebrated by a 
patriotic social at the residence of the Regent, 
and was greatly enjoyed by a large circle of 
friends as well as members. 

(Mrs. Thomas D.) Lilly B. Stewart, 



John Foster Chapter (Monroe, N. C.) was 
chartered with 16 members on October 16, 
1916, so it is still in its infancy, having only 
been represented at one State Convention. 
We now have 23 on roll, and have transferred 
one member to another Chapter. There are 
five copies of the Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution Magazine taken. 

During the past year we have had monthly 
meetings through June, when we elected new 
officers, carrying out a program on the 
Colonial Period. We have contributed to 
the following causes : To the rebuilding of 
Tilloloy, $10; French orphans, $100; suffering 
Armenians, $12 ; Red Cross, $25 ; expenses of 
a student in school for National Defense, $3 ; 
to National Society on the $100,000 Liberty 
Bond, $23. A shipment of jelly was sent to 
the base hospital at Camp Greene. 

All of our members belong to the Red Cross. 
Many give two days each week to the Red 
Cross room, either cutting garments or sew- 
ing, while others find it more convenient to do 
the work in their homes. We have not kept 
an account of the number of garments made. 
One member gave 30 pounds of cotton for 
pneumonia jackets and quilts. We have knit 9 
sweaters, 2 helmets, 4 pairs of wristlets, 6 pairs 
of socks, and three caps for Belgian babies. 
Most of the yarn was donated. Two layettes 
for French babies were made and material 
contributed by two of our members ; 125 com- 
fort kits were given. As individuals, we have 
all bought either Liberty Bonds or War Sav- 
ings Stamps, and sold $61,000 in the Tliird 

One of our members is chairman of the 
canteen service and ten are members. They 
serve all troop trains that pass through Mon- 
roe. All of our members contribute weekly to 
this fund, besides contributing fruit, grape 
juice, cookies, etc., as the needs arise. 

Being Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion, we are willing to do our best. 

Miss Anna Blair, 

Rufus King Chapter (Jamaica, N. Y.). was 
organized in Jamaica, Long Island, New York, 
January 25, 1918, with Mrs. James A. Dugan, 
Organizing Regent, presiding and twenty of 
the thirty members present. The unanimous 
choice of a name for the Chapter was Rufus 

The present chief object of this Chapter is 
to prove ourselves loyal American citizens by 
putting into practice the theories of patriotism, 
assisting in every way we possibly can to win 
victory in this war, and to cooperate with the 
King Manor Association (of Jamaica) in per- 
petuating and honoring the name of Rufus 

King. Also to collect and preserve documents 
concerning the American Revolution, to pro- 
mote the celebration of prominent events con- 
nected with it, to encourage historical re- 
search, to stimulate the feeling of fellowship 
among the meml^ers of the Chapter, and to 
keep alive the true spirit of patriotism which 
achieved American independence. 

On April 5, 1918, after a very delightful 
luncheon at the Country Club, our Chapter 
Day Exercises were held at King Manor, in 
Jamaica, N. Y. Mrs. Benjamin J. Spraker, 
then New York State Regent, was present and 
most graciously welcomed the one hundred 
and thirty-third Chapter to the roll of the state. 
Greetings were extended by the visiting Re- 
gents from ten different Chapters in and 
around New York City. Mrs. B. J. Brenton, 
the president of the King Manor Association, 
most cordially welcomed the new Chapter as a 
co-worker in perpetuating and honoring the 
name of Rufus King. 

Although at this writing (November) the 
Chapter is but ten months old, it is in no sense 
an infant. Several of the thirty-two members 
are transfers from other Chapters and all are 
experienced club women young enough to 
work with keen zest. As " Daughters at 
Large " before the organization of the Chapter 
we banded together in April, 1917, to do war 
work. Between that time and the present one 
hundred and seventy-five dollars ($175) have 
been spent to buy wool for knitted articles and 
cloth for garments for the Home Service sup- 
plies. Money gifts aggregating $75 have been 
made to the following causes : The King 
Manor War Relief, Home Service Work, Red 
Cross and The United War Work Campaign. 
All members individually bought bonds of each 
issue and all are active in Red Cross work. 

Members of the Chapter work each Friday 
from 10 to 4 at the home service rooms of 
the local Red Cross. Over two hundred 
articles have been knitted and given by the 
Chapter to soldiers' and sailors, besides thirty 
complete sweater sets for the crew of the fuel 
ship " Stirling." Generous contributions of 
jams and jellies have been made to the hos- 
pital at Camp Upton and to that of the 
Brooklyn Navy Yard. Flag codes were pur- 
chased and given to the public schools of the 
vicinity last Flag Day and a delegate from the 
Chapter attended the Continental Congress. 

At the October meeting Mrs. Maude Can- 
field addressed the Chapter for the National 
League for Women's Service and Lady Anne 
Azgepetain spoke at the November meeting on 
her experiences with the Russian Red Cross 
on the Turko-Russian front. 

Anna Elizabeth Foote, 


In answers to "Queries" it is essential to give Liber and Folio or "Bible Reference." 
Queries will be inserted as early as possible after they are received. Answers, partial 
answers, or any information regarding queries are requested. In answering queries please 
give the date of the magazine and the number of the query. All letters to be forwarded to con- 
tributors must be unsealed and sent in blank, stamped envelopes, accompanied with the num- 
ber of the query and its signature. The Genealogical Editor reserves the right to print anything 
contained in the communication and will then forward the letter to the one sending the query. 

Genealogical Editor, Annapolis, Maryland 


6260. Payne. — Sanford Payne, of the 
Parish of Truro, Fairfax Co., Va., made a 
will, dated April 7, ^787, in which he mentions 
his wife, Abigail, and the following children: 
Benjamin, George, Salley, Lishyea, Ann Hellen, 
Senford and Ginney. I should like to get in 
touch with some of the descendants of San- 
ford and Abigail Payne, especially some one 
descended through the son George. — R. P. S. 

6261. Linn. — Where can I find the records 
of the Rev service of Adj. Joseph Linn, Sec- 
ond Regt. of Sussex Mihtia, N. J., of which 
Aaron Hankinson was Colonel? — M. S. 

6262. ScHENK. — Who were the parents of 
John Winston Schenk, b May 10, 1799, Albe- 
marle Co., Va. ? I am anxious to obtain some 
information in regard to the Schenk family. 

(2) Thomas-Wheeler. — Giles Thomas, b 
ISTov. 30, 1763, Harford Co., Md., d Mar. 21, 
1840, m Ann Wheeler. He received a land 
warrant in Washington Co., Md., for services 
in the Rev army. Wanted, names of parents 
of Giles Thomas and Ann Wheeler, with all 
gen. data and Rev service.^A. J. L. 

6263. Hughes. — Information desired of the 
parentage of Robert Davis Hughes, b in Hen- 
rico Co., Va., nineteen miles from Richmond, 
on Oct. 19, 1790. He came to St. Clair Co., 111., 
in 1810, m Martha Alexander. Was there 
Rev. service? 

(2) Galbreath. — Information of the Gal- 
breath family, who lived in Va. during the 
Rev. Genealogical data and proof of Rev 
service required. — W. A. T. 

6264. Bryan. — Some data of the Bryan 
family requested. They settled in Va. ; later 
a branch of the family came to S. C. It is 
the same family of Bryans from whom Wil- 
liam Jennings Bryan descends. Wanted, all 
data relating to Simon Bryan, and proof that 
he gave aid in any way to the Rev cause. Also 
the maiden name of his wife — her first name 
was Ann. — O. B. E. 

6265. Best. — 'Was James Best, who served 
in the Rev., from Md., the same James Best 
who went to Northumberland Co., Pa, and 
later to Westmoreland Co.? His wife was 
Margaret Cruzan ; issue : Elias, Alexander, 
Peter (my grandfather), and perhaps other 

sons ; a dau Jane m Logan, all of whom 

resided in Westmoreland Co., Pa. Did James 
have a brother Peter? Would like a complete 
record of this family, especially dates of births, 
marriages and deaths. Peter Best m Isabella 
Blaze in Westmoreland Co., Sept. 10, 1840. 
Both of Donegal township. The latter d and 
was buried at Lima, Ohio, May 29, 1863, b in 
1813. Peter Best was a farmer, and Isabella 
Blazer was his second wife. Three children, 
Matilda, Caroline, and Susan. I think the first 
wife's name was Margaret Taggott. They 
also had issue. Peter Best d in Indiana Aug., 

(2) Blazor. — Who was John Blazor of 
Washington Co., Pa., and his wife Mary? He 
left a will in favor of the following : sons, 
John. Jr., George and Mathias. Daus, Mary, 
wife of Mark Duke ; Nancy, wife of Wm. Cas- 
selmore ; Elloner, wife of Phillip Teabertt; 



Catherin (late Catherin Smith) ; grandsons, 
Joseph Gray and John Smith. John Blazor, my 
grandfather, also had a will recorded in Wash- 
ington Co. in which he left the Donation Land 
he received for service rendered during the War 
of 1812 or the Rev. to my grandmother, Isabella 
Blaze Best. Could Blazr and Blazor be the 

(3) Blazr (spelled in various ways). — John 
Blazr, schoolmaster, m Susanna Fouts 
(Fouch), his second wife, Jan., 1812, in Fay- 
ette Co., Pa. One child, Isabella Blazr (my 
grandmother) was b of this union. I have 
record of one John Blazr, a Rev. soldier from 
Pa., also of John Blazr who served in the 
War of 1812. and d at Lower Sandusky, Ohio, 
Mar. 30. 1814. If not one and the same man, 
were they father and son? Can any one give 
me data on the Fouts or Fouch line? 

(4) Fairbrother. — Who were the parents of 
William Zera Fairbrother of Rutland, Ver- 
mont, b Jan. 1, 1844, and what became of his 
sister Cecelia? Desire family history and 
Revolutionary record of these people. Also of 
Edwin Fairbrother, twin of Erwin C, b Nov. 
29. 1814, in Westminster, Windham Co., Ver- 
mont. Edwin settled in Missouri, and d about 
forty-five years ago. 

Two of his children were named Edwin and 
Candis. Anything relative to this man's family 
history would be of interest. — C. F. H. 

6266. Squiers — Stephen Squiers' parents 
were of Rev. ancestry from Newark, N. J. 
Name of parents and eldest son and Rev. ser- 
vice of each desired. 

(2) Phelps. — Parents of Col. Levi Phelps 
■of Black River district, N. Y., desired also Rev. 

(3) Rosenkrants-Strickland. — Jeremiah 
Rosenkrants m Sally Strickland, Northamp- 
ton Co., Pa. Name of parents and Rev. ser- 
vices of both desired. — C. T. S. 

6267. AcHEsoN - Stein - Snodgrass. — Give 
Rev. Record of Mathew Acheson, 1734-1814. 
When m and to whom? Give Rev. ancestors 
of Sally Stein who m a Mathew Acheson and 
of Jessie Snodgrass who m Jennie Acheson. — 
C. H. H. 

6268. Ford-Bowles.— Ruben Ford, son of 

William Ford and Elizabeth ( ?), b in 

Hanover Co., Va., Aug. 19, 1742, m Mary 
Bowles, dau of John Bowles and Mary 
( ?), b in Middlesex Co., Va., Sept. 21, 

1748, m Jan., 6, 1770. Children, viz., Ruben, 
Elizabeth, Timothy, Polly, William, Augustus, 

Benjamin, Daniel and Sally Gardiner. Some 
of them emigrated to Kentucky and Missouri. 
Descendants are still living in Jessamine Co., 
Garrard Co., Lexington, etc. Names of 
brothers and sisters of Ruben Ford and Mary 
Bowles, with the surnames of their mothers, 
desired. Was there Revolutionary service in 
either line? 

(2) Webber- WooLFOLK. — William Webber, 

son of Augustus Webber and Peggy ( ?), 

b in Goochland Co., Aug. 15, 1747, m Mary 
Woolfolk. dau of John Woolfolk and Eliza- 
beth ( ?), b in Spottsylvania Co., Va., 

Oct. 21, 1752. Children, viz.: John, Betty, 
Joseph, Sally, William B., Mary Lindsey, 
Augustus, Peggy, Nancy M., Matthew W. 
What brothers and sisters had William Web- 
ber and Mary Woolfolk? What were their 
mother's surnames ; and was there Revolu- 
tionary service in either line? — ^M. F. R. 

6269. Garwood.— John Garwood, b Feb. 1, 
1781, in Culpepper Co., Va., m Susannah 
Stokes, b Feb. 11, 1790. He was the son of 
John Garwood, b Jan. 9, 1740, in N. J., who 
m Esther Hines, b Nov. 5, 1745, in N. J. 

Was William Stokes, who m Hepsibah — , 

the parent of Susannah Stokes? Was Hep- 
sibah's maiden name Wycliffe? Did Susannah 
have a brother John who m his cousin, Lucy 
Wycliffe? Did the Jews of Virginia (Rich- 
mond) take any part in the Rev. war? To 
whom should I write to make inquiry of the 
Jew's burying ground in Virginia? — M. I. C 

6270. Davis-Fields-Morris-Sweet. — How's 
History of Ohio, vol. i, page 415, gives Ben- 
jamin Davis of Lancaster, Pa., and his dau 
Rachel, m Senator TTiomas Morris, Nov. 19, 
1797. Thomas Morris' father, Isaac Morris, 
was b in Berks Co., Pa.. 1740, his mother, 
Ruth Heinton, 1750, and was the dau of a 
Va. planter, T'homas Morris, b Jan. 3, 1776. 
Isaac Morris d 1830. Joshua Sweet d Aug. 
10, 1846, Logan Co., Ohio. Jamima was the 
dau of Benj. Davis. Benj. Davis' wife was 
Mary Shoemaker. Can anyone give proof that 
Benj. Davis was the Lieut. -Col. who was in 
Westmoreland Co., Pa., 2nd Battalion Militia 
of 1775-1783, Vol. 5, Pa., in the Rev? Wanted 
dates of b and d of Benj. Davis and Mary 
Shoemaker. They came to Columbia, now 
Cincinnati, Ohio. Benj. Davis' dau, Sydnie 
Olive, m David Fields, and 2nd, Geo. Vail. 
Wanted, b and d dates of David Fields and 
where from? In Georges township, Sept. 17, 
1792, Benj. Davis conveys 117 acres to Seth 



Fields, Westmoreland or Fayette Co., Pa. 
Was this Seth Fields a brother of David 
Fields? Please give all dates. 

(2) Hatfield.— Nathan Hatfield in 1797 
bought a lot in Uniontown, Pa. Moved to 
Greene Co., Pa. In 1799 sold lot in Union- 
town, and the wife signed name Deborah. Is 
this the Nathan who served in War of 1812, 
from Hamihon Co., or the father of this 
Nathan? If his father, I would like all dates 
and service in the Rev if rendered. — A. F. G. 

6271. VooRHEES— Wanted, of the parents 
of Cornelia Voorhees, b at Glen or Florida, 
Montgomery Co., N. Y., Feb. 5, 1800, d at 
Detroit, Mich., June 15, 1886; m Peter Britton. 
b at Charleston, N. Y., in 1799. Cornelia Voor- 
hees was a sister of Gertrude Voorhees, b 
Aug. 25, 1797; Peter Voorhees, b March 15, 
1794; Mary Voorhees, b April 30, 1795.— 
C. G. S. 

6272. Glaufelder-Glotfelder. — C a s p e r 
Glotfelder came to this country in 1743, from 
Switzerland, with his wife and oldest son, 
Solomon, b Feb. 1, 1738. Solomon was ap- 
prenticed to a blacksmith until 21, and about 
1765-1766 m Maria Era Freinsch. They moved 
to Hagerstown, Md., where he followed his 
trade as a smith. He moved westward on the 
old " Cumberland " road, settling near Salis- 
bury, Somerset Co., Pa., in 1776. There is a 
record of a deed, 1777, that speaks of him as 
" Late of Frederick Co., Md." Can anyone in- 
form me if this man in any way served in the 
Revolutionary War? Official proof of service 
is desired. — ^C. W. G. 

6273. Hutchins-Prince. — Joshua Hutchins, 
b Dec. 2, 1761, d Jan. 19, 1824. Lydia Prince, 
b May 26, 1767, d Feb. 16, 1834. Who were 
their parents and where were they born? — 
M. H. S. 

6274. Hall. — Who was the wife of Silvanus 
Hall, a Revolutionary soldier from Kingston, 
Mass.? The names of his parents and his chil- 
dren are desired. It is believed the parents 
lived at Plymouth or Marshfield, Mass. 

(2) Sampson.— Parentage of Elisha Samp- 
son, b 1782, is desired. Either his parents or 
grandparents were Asahel (Asel) and Eliza- 
beth Sampson, thought to be of the Duxbury 
Sampsons. Elisha and wife Sylvinia came to 
Jefferson Co., N. Y., in 1820, where they d. A 
correspondence is desired with anyone compil- 
ing Sampson records. The names of the chil- 
dren of Elijah Sampson and his wife Ruth 
Bradford of Duxbury, m in 1761, needed; also 

the names of the children of Elijah, Jr., son 
of his father's first marriage. — H. J. M. 

6275. Cropp or Crap. — Silas Flavius Cropp 
was b in Stafford Co., Va., July 30, 1795, son 
of James and Susan Cropp. His brothers 
were Warner, Robert, Braxton and William — 

sisters, Rebecca and . Wanted, ancestry 

and information concerning James Cropp, also 
ancestry and maiden name of his wife, Susan 
. Was there Rev. service in either family?' 

(2) Martin.— Catherine Maria Martin, b 
Oct. 10, 1819, dau of Francis and Ann Martin 
of Fouquier Co., Va. She had two sisters, 
Jane and Catherine, who m Silas F. Croop. 
Wanted, ancestry of Francis Martin, also 
maiden name and ancestry of his wife, Ann. 
Was there Rev. service in either family? — 
H. H. C. 

6276. Lathrop-Fox. — Asa Lathrop, b 1755- 
1827, m Ahce Fox, b 1756, came to Susque- 
hanna Co., Pa., from New London, Conn., in 

1800. According to Starker's History of Sus- 
quehanna Co., Asa Lathrop was a descendant 
of the Rev. John Lothrop, who was banished 
in 1634, and came to Scituate, Mass. Is there 
Rev. service in either line? All gen. informa- 
tion desired. — F. M. B. 

6277. Warren-Judson. — Stephen Warren, b 
1776 in New York state, d in 1822, in Indiana; 
m Abigail Judson, b 1775, d 1822, in Indiana. 
Children: Franklin, b 1798, in Coxsachie, 
N. Y., d 1869, in Indiana, m Lydia Phelps, b 

1801, in Mt. Pleasant, C. W., d 1891; Calista, b 
1799, d 1842; Watson, b 1802, d 1864; Altheana, 
b 1804, d 1813; Lewis R., b 1806, d 1849. 
Stephen Warren's name appears in the New 
York Roster of state troops, also in the records 
of the census of 1790, Columbia Co., N. Y. 
David Judson went from Connecticut to New 
York before the Rev. Data concerning both 
these families desired, to establish Rev. records 
Want to connect Abigail Judson with the Con- 
necticut Judsons. 

(2) England-Ford- Webber. — Spottswood 
England, b 1799 in Kentucky, m Mary Wool- 
fork Ford, b 1801, dau of Elizabeth Webber, b 
1776 in Groochland Co., Va., d 1852 Garrad 
Co., Ky. The Englands went from Va. to Ky.,. 
probably Spottswood's father. Would like data 
concerning these families, especially pertain- 
ing to the Rev. — R. B. G. 

6278. Thorington. — William Thorington 
was a soldier in the Rev. ; his name was on the 
roll as William Thorington, that being the name 
by which his widow was obliged to apply for 
a pension. He settled in New York after the 



war, locating in Rensselaer Co., where their 
son Ahraham was h. Can any one tell me 
anything of this family? Who was his wife? 
Ancestry, with all gen. data desired. Also 
Rev. services. 

(2) Chilson. — Asaph Chilson (or Chil- 
stone) came from Wales to America and set- 
tled in Albany, N. Y. Was probably living 
there during the Rev. War; later came to 
Mass. His children were : Lucretia, Huldah, 
Nabby, John and Asaph. Ancestry and family 
data greatly desired. Also Rev record. — C. L. 
C. T. 

6279. Bean. — Jonathan Bean (Jeremiah (3) 
James (2) John (1)) who went from New 
Hampshire to Maine, was for a time in what 
is now Standish, then settled in Bethel. He 
had a son Jonathan (5), a Rev. soldier who m 
first a York in Standish, then a McGill. He 
had the following children: Jonathan (6), 
John, Hannah, Lucy, Lois, Job, Abiather, 
Nathaniel and a second Abiather. All these 
children are fully accounted for except the 
eldest, Jonathan. He was a soldier in the War 
of 1812 and is said to have been killed in the 
Shadagee Indian fight in Canada. One record 
gives him as a musician. Can anyone give in- 
formation of his family, where he lived, or 
names of his children? — A. C. McL. 

6280. Banks. — Samuel Banks, served as 
sergeant and ensign in Capt. Gilbert Lyons' 
Co., Col. Tliomas Thomas' regiment, West- 
chester Co., N. Y. Samuel Banks m Charity 
Lyon, who received a pension as his widow until 
her death at Bainbridge, N. Y., Dec. 2, 1848. 
Was Charity Lyon a dau of Capt. Gilbert Lyon? 
Samuel Banks was commissioned Ensign 
March 8, 1781.— J. A. D. 

6281. Faulkner. — John Faulkner m Ellen 
Miller of Va., Sept. 18, 1817, in Harrison Co., 
Ohio. After her death, he m her sister, Eliza- 
beth, Aug. 13, 1825, in Tuscaranas Co., Ohio. 
Information greatly desired about the Miller 
family and who was the mother of these girls? 
Rev. service rendered. 

(2) Blankenbaker. — Samuel Blanken- 
baker, b in Mercer Co., Kentucky, m Martha 
Roney, who was b in Pa. M in Shelly Co., 
Kentucky, about 1798, or early in 1800. In- 
formation regarding the ancestors of Samuel 
Blankenbaker, and Roney ancestors in Pa. de- 
sired.— F. F. W. 

6282. Smyth-Smith. — William Robinson 
Smyth or Smith, b Mar. 6, 1763, in Va., m 
Martin Taylor, Mar. 18, 1790. Information 

desired of parents, with genealogical data and 
Rev. service. 

(2) Glass. — Wanted dates and all data re- 
garding the ancestry of Drucilla and Rebecca 
Glass, of Va. Drusilla m John Taylor Smith 
Dec. 27, 1821, and Rebecca m Ebenezer C. Bos- 
worth Feb. 21, 1833. Did their ancestors render 
Rev. service? 

(3) Mires - MiERS.^ Elizabeth Meirs or 
Miers, b Hodges Ferry, Va., m Joseph Talbot 
Trafton, 1817. Elizabeth had two brothers, 
Benjamin and David, who left Va. in the SO's 
and went West. Who were their parents ? An- 
cestry with genealogical data desired. 

(4) Brittingham-Taylor.— Macaja Brit- 
tingham m Elizabeth Taylor, and their son Wil- 
liam m Martha Smith. Who were Macaja's 
parents? Did they render aid in the Rev? 
Who were the parents of Elizabeth Taylor and 
Martha Smith ? Any information will be ap- 
preciated. — A. T. S. 

6283. Williamson. — Hiram Williamson of 
Delaware Co., Pa., m Sarah Evans, b 1741. 
They had children — Eli, Jonathan, William, 
Hiram. Sarah, Jonathan, and Mary. Moved to 
Huntington Co., Pa., where his dau Sarah 
(my grandmother) was b 1803. Was he the 
son of Capt. John Williamson, ancestor of No. 
34,660? Or was he the son of James Widiamson 
given in the census of 1790 of Upper Darby 
Twp., Delaware Co., Pa., or who was his 
father and is there Rev. ancestry? Wanted, 
data of this man. — W. B. P. 

6284.' — Shattuck. — Ancestry and all gen. 
data with Rev service, if any, desired of 
Jacob W. Shattuck who m Susannah (Hasting 
or Winchell). Tlieir children were Benjamin, 
b 1807, Erastus, b 1811, Samuel, b 1821, David, 
George and Emily. Jacob served in the Mass. 
Volunteer Militia in War of 1812. He prob- 
ably lived in or near Springfield, removing 
some time later to Chardon, Ohio. 

(2) Whitman. — Who were the parents of 
Polly Whitman, b 1796 in Rutland, Vt., m Tru- 
man Kabborn June 13, 1813? Was there Rev. 
service? She had brothers Alvenus. Jeremiah, 
Benjamin and sisters Sally and Mehitable (?). 

(3) Lincoln-Downey. — Ancestry and all 
gen. data, with Rev. service, if any, of Eli 
Lincoln, b about 1799, in Taunton, Mass. He 
m 1st Doris Downey (Downie), Feb. 29, 1822. 
He lived in Pittsford, Vt., and later removed 
to Wilmington, N. Y., where his wife died 
Jan. 25, 1825. He returned to Pittsford and m 
2nd Hannah Powell. Who were the parents of 



Doris Downey, and did they give Rev. service? 
—A. L. S. 

6285. Robinson - B.a.dger. — Information 
wanted of wife of Solomon Robinson, Revo- 
lutionary soldier of Templeton, Mass. He 
afterward lived in Westminster and Putney, 
Vt. His children are recorded in Templeton, 
as children of Solomon and Hannah, but other 
data says that his wife's name was Abigail 
Badger. Solomon was b in Newton, Mass., 
according to the vital sta.. May 3, 1742, son 
of Wm. 3rd (Wm. 2nd-Wm. 1st) of Water- 
town. He is said to have d in Putney, June 
5, 1838, but his death is not recorded. Abigail 
Badger was b Mar. 22, 1747 (where?), and d 
July 24, 1824. Who were her parents? — 
F. H. S. 

6286. Williams. — Capt. Daniel Williams, b 
Jan. 5, 1751, m Sarah Nixen Mar. 7, 1782; had 
nine children. His second wife was Parmelia 
Drake. He served as Capt. in the 6th N. C. 
during the Rev. Ancestry, family data, and 
Rev record desired. — S. W. 

6287. — Latham.- — Arthur Latham, son of 
Nehemiah Latham and Lucy Harris, was b at 
Bridgewater, Mass., Feb. 16, 1758. Mitchell's 
History of Bridgewater, Mass., page 232, 
says : " Arthur went to Lyme, Conn. Had sons, 
Robert. Allen, Bela, William, and others." 
Whom did he m, where did he die and when, 
and where was he buried? What are the names 
of his other children? — M. L. P. 

6288. Martin. — Nathan Martin enlisted in 
June, 1779, in Concord, N. H., in the company 
of Capt. David Limmore, and was later in the 
company of Capt. Ellis, of the Third Regiment. 
He m Hannah Boyden in Nov., 1786, at Wilton, 
N. H. Who was his father? Who were her 
parents? Did her father render Rev. service? 
— E. G. M. 

6289. HiPSHiRE- Miller.— Mary Hipshire, 

dau of Robert Hipshire and Cooper of 

Penn., m Emanual Miller, b in Va., 1789, and 
emigrated to Ohio when a child. Mary Hip- 
shire was b 1797, in Pa. Can anyone assist me 
in furnishing names of the parents of Eman- 
ual Miller? 

(2) MiLLER-HiPSHiRE. — Could Michael Mil- 
ler, who served in 111. Division in Va., be the 
father of Emanual Miller who m Mary Hip- 
shire?— W. E. N. 

6290. Mathews. — Information wanted of 
the family of Rosamond Mathews, who m a 

Wells, prior to 1815, and lived at that 

time at Vienna, Oneida Co., N. Y. It is be- 

lieved she descends from one of the brothers 
of a Mathews family, who came to N. Y. from 
Conn., of which the children were: Alvaro, 
Ransom, Marcia, Polly and Irene. 

(2) Marvin. — David, Robert and Maria 
were children of a Marvin, who lived near 
Ithaca, N. Y. Maria was b 1793, d 1831 : m 
Pordon Bowen. Robert was b 1778, d 1871, m 
Susannah Boyce, 1802. Who were the parents 
of Maria? Family were all Quakers. — K. B. S. 

6176. (2) Ball.— William Ball, of Lincoln's 
Inn, and one of our attorneys in the Office of 
Pleas in the Exchequer, was living in 1634. 
His son, Col. William Ball, emigrated to Va. 
in the year 1657, and settled at Millenbeck (his 
plantation), on the Rappahannock River, Lan- 
caster Co., Parish of St. Mary's, White Chapel. 
He m Hannah Atherald (sic: Atherall), and 
d in 1680, leaving two sons, William and 
Joseph, and one dau Hannah, who m David 
Fox. Capt. William Ball m Margaret, dau of 
Rawleigh (sic: Raleigh) Dowman and re- 
sided at Millenbeck. He d Sept. 30, 1694, leav- 
ing eight sons and one dau : William, Richard, 
James, Joseph, George, Kavid, Stretchley and 
Samuel. The dau, Margaret, m her first cousin, 
Raleigh Dowman. Joseph Ball, second son of 
Col. William Ball of Millenbeck, living at Ep- 
ping Forest, in Lancaster Co., Va., m twice, 
first by whom he had one son Joseph, and sec- 
ond to Mrs. Mary Johnson, by whom he had 
five daughters — Hannah, who m Mr. Raleigh 
Travers of Strafford ; Anne, m Col. Edwin 
Conway ; Esther, who m Mr. Raleigh Chinn ; 
Elizabeth, who m Rev. Mr. Carnegie ; and Mary, 
who m Mr. Washington, and who was the 
mother of Geo. Washington. Joseph Ball d 
in June, 1715, and is buried at Epping Forest. 
His son Joseph, by his first wife, was edu- 
cated in England, became barrister-at-law, and 
m Frances, dau of Thomas Ravencroft of 
London. He returned to Va. and resided for 
some years at Moratico in Lancaster Co., but 
finally went back to England and lived at 
Stratford-by-Bow in Essex Co., where he d 
Jan. 10, 1760. He had one child, Frances, who 
m Raleigh Dowman. Tliey returned to Va., 
in 1765, and lived at Moratico. They had 
three children, Joseph Ball Dowman, Raleigh 
Wm. Dowman, and Frances, who m James 
Ball of Bewdley, Lancaster, Va. — (Miss) 
Frances Howard Edmonds, Glasgow, Va. 
5007. (2) Fisher. — Tlie following early 



Fisher marriages copied from marriage records 
published by the State of Pa., may be of in- 
terest to inquirers for data of this family: 
Michael Fisher of Charity Chess, 1730; Joseph 
Fisher to Deborah Walker, 1733 ; George Fisher 
to Elizabeth Trotter, 1745 ; George Fisher to 
Christian Phipps, 1769; Charles Fisher to Ann 
Pierce, 1771 ; Michael Fisher to Margaret 
Jacobs, 1792. Adam Fisher is mentioned as 
Justice of the Peace in Pa., in 1717. It seems 
probable that the Fishers who settled in Rock- 
ingham, Hampshire and Hardy Counties, Va., 
were descended from the Pa. family, as the 
same names occur repeatedly in these branches. 
— Mrs. E. H. L., 216 Sycamore St., Clarksburg, 
W. Va. 

5112. (1) Prunty. — The following infor- 
mation of the Pruntys of Harrison Co., Va. 
(now W. Va.), may be of interest: Lewis's 
History of West Va. says : " Pruntytown, then 
in Harrison Co., was established a town under 
the name of Williamsport, Jan. 8, 1801, on 
lands of David Prunty, at a place called the 
' Cross Roads,' and Robert Plummer, James 
Cochran. John Adbury, Peter Johnson and 
Vincent Lake, were appointed trustees." 
Taylor Co. was formed from Harrison, Bar- 
bour and Marion in 1844, and in 1845, by Act 
of Assembly, the name of Williamsport was 
changed to Pruntytown (Taylor Co.). David 
Prunty was the son of John Prunty. Of this 
family an early history says : " The Pruntys 
were of Irish stock; they came to America in 
Colonial times and settled in Va., where John 
Prunty was b ; his wife's name is unknown, 
and he had six sons and a dau Roanna (Eliza- 
beth in marriage records), who m George 

Arnold. John Prunty was the founder of 
Pruntytown." John Prunty was one of the 
earliest settlers in Harrison Co., Va. (now W. 
Va.), in that section of the Co. which is now 
Taylor Co. He was recommended for Justice of 
the Peace in 1784; contracted to build the county 
jail in 1785; was elected sheriff in 1795, and 
served in the Va. legislature from Harris Co., 
1785-1790; 1798-1811; 1814, 1815. The follow- 
ing marriage records were doubtless those of 
children of John Prunty ; Elizabeth Prunty to 
George Arnold, 1789; Isaac Prunty to Phoebe 
Bartlett, 1792; John Prunty to Darnes Plum- 
mer, 1792. Other Co. records also mentioned 
Jacob, David and Samuel Prunty. — Mrs. 
J. E. L. 

(2) Dragoo. — The Dragoos lived not far 
from Pruntytown, in Monongalia Co. In 
1786 Mrs. Dragoo and her son William, aged 
about ten years, were taken captive by the 
Indians ; she was killed, but the boy was kept 
in captivity, grew to manhood and took an 
Indian wife, by whom he had four children. 
In 1808 one of his brothers found him among 
the Indians in Northwestern O., and per- 
suaded him to return to his vfather, who still 
lived in Monongalia Co. He brought with 
him two of his sons, who afterwards returned 
to their mother's people. William Dragoo re- 
mained with his own people, and in 1815 m 
again and raised another family of children. 
He removed to Licking Co., O., where he d in 
1850. This story of Wm. Dragoo is taken 
from " Haymond's History of Harrison Co.," 
page 141 ; it is also given in the " Border War- 
fare," and other early histories of this sec- 
tion.— .1/r.y. E. H. L. 


By M. E. Buhler 

(of The Vigilantes) 

When a soldier meets another 

Higher in command, 
L^p, in instant recognition. 

Goes his hand — 
Gives salute in silent greeting; 

'Tis the way 
That he says at every meeting- 

"/'/; obey!" 

When an officer, in passing. 

Has salute. 
Quick his heart and hand responsive ' 

Grave and mute. 
On the sea or on the earth he 

Pledges as they meet. 
By his rank, " / shall be zivrthy!" 

So they greet. 


Special A/Ieeting, Friday, November 22, 1918 

The special meeting of the National Board 
of Management for the admission of members 
and authorization and disbanding of chapters 
was called to order by the Recording Secretary 
General in the Board Room of Memorial Conti- 
nental Hall, Friday, November 22, 1918, at 3.05 
p. m. Mrs. Grant, Vice-President General from 
Colorado, was elected Chairman of the meeting 
in the absence of the President-General. 

The Chaplain-General, Miss Elisabeth F. 
Pierce, dwelt on the wonderful events that 
have taken place in November, of the momen- 
tous first Thanksgiving, and said that since our 
forefathers put their faith in the future, and 
the President in his proclamation spoke of the 
new day that confronts us, she would read 
such appropriate verses from the Scripture as 
Hebrews, ii, 13, and Romans, 8, 28, 31-32. 
Miss Pierce read also the President's Thanks- 
giving proclamation and from Psalm 33; Moses' 
Song of Victory after the passage through 
the Red Sea ; Leviticus, xxv, 10, and Psalm ix, 4. 
Following the eloquent prayer by the Chaplain 
General the members joined in repeating the 
Lord's Prayer. 

The roll was called by the Recording Secre- 
tary General, and the following members were 
noted as being present : Active OMcers — Mrs. 
Grant, Mrs. Talbott, Miss Elisabeth F. Pierce, 
Miss Crowell, Mrs. Pulsifer, Mrs. Fletcher, 
Miss Grace M. Pierce, Mrs. Johnston, Miss 
Barlow; State Regents — Miss Fletcher, Miss 

Miss Grace M. Pierce read her report as 
Registrar General as follows : 

Report of Registrar General 

Madam President General, Members of the 
Board of Management: 
I have the honor to report 60S applications 
for membership. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Grace M. Pierce, 
Registrar General. 
Moved by Mrs. Talbott, seconded and carried, 
that the report of the Registrar General be 
accepted. Miss Pierce moved that the Secre- 
tary be instructed to cast the ballot for the ad- 
mission of these members. This motion was 

seconded and carried. The Recording Secre- 
tary General announced that she had cast the 
ballot for the 605 applicants, and the Chairman 
declared them elected as members of the Na- 
tional Society. 

Mrs. Fletcher read her report as follows : 

Report of Organizing Secretary General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management: 

Through their respective State Regents the 
following members at large are presented for 
confirmation as Organizing Regents : Mrs. 
Carrie Nye Redditt, Carrollton, Miss.; Mrs. 
Emma Avery Hawkins, Spearfish, and Mrs. 
Regina Hollister McKnight, Pierre, S. D. 

The reappointment of the following Organiz- 
ing Regents have been requested by their State 
Regents : Mrs. Julia Gunter Rowan, Jackson- 
ville, Ala.; Mrs. Bessie Spencer Wood, Bates- 
ville, Miss., and Mrs. Jessamine Bailey Castelloe, 
Prescott, Wis. 

The State Regent of Iowa, Mrs. Arthur W. 
Mann, has requested that the Mayflower Chap- 
ter, at Red Oak, be officially disbanded. 

The following chapters have been officially 
reported organized since the October 17, 1918, 
Board meeting : E Pluribus Unum, Washing- 
ton, D. C. ; Sallie Harrison, Sanford, Fla., and 
Abigail Harper, Stamford, N. Y. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Anna Louise Fletcher, 
Grgani::ing Secretary General. 

On motion, duly seconded, the report of the 
Organicing Secretary General was accepted. 

The Treasurer General reported 168 deceased 
since last meeting, 50 resigned, and 12 requests 
for reinstatement. The Recording Secretary 
General, on motion duly seconded and carried, 
cast the ballot for the reinstatement of the 12 
former members, and the Chairman declared 
the 12 reinstated as members of the society. 

The Board rose in memory of those who had 
passed on since the last meeting. 

On motion, the meeting adjourned at 3.30 
after the approval of the minutes. 

Respectfully submitted, 
Emma L. Crowell, 
Recording Secretary General. 





President General 

Mrs. George Thacher Guernsey, 
Memorial Continental Hal, Washington, D. C. 

Vice Presidents General 

(Term of office expires 1919.) 
Mrs. George Maynard Minor, Mrs. Harold R. Howell, 

Waterford, Conn. 630 41st St., Des Moines, Iowa. 

Mrs. William G. Spencer, Mrs. C. Hamilton Tebault, 

Nashville, Tenn. 623 North St., New Orleans, La. 

Mrs. William Butterworth, Mrs. Alvin V. Lane, 

Hillcre'^t, Moline, 111. 2505 Maple Ave., Dallas, Tex. 

Mrs. George W. Gedney, 50 Montclair Ave., Montclair, N. J. 

(Term of office expires 1920.) 

Mrs. James Benton Grant, Miss Jeanie D. Blackburn, 

700 Emerson St., Denver, Colo. 718 Upper 11th St., Bowling Green, Ky. 

Mrs. Fred H. H. Calhoun, Mrs. Samuel McKnight Green, 

Clemson College, S. C. 3815 Magnolia Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Mrs. Charles E. Longley, Mrs. Sheppard VV. Foster. 

87 Walcott St., Pawtucket, R. I. 711 Peachtree St., Atlanta, Ga. 

Mrs. William H. Talbott, Rockville, Md. 

(Term of office expires 1921.) 
Mrs. William N. Reynolds. Mrs. Andrew Fuller Fox, 

644 W. 5th St., Winston-Salem, N. C. West Point, Miss. 

Mrs. Frank B. Hall, Miss Stella Pickett Hardy, 

27 May St., Worcester, Mass. Batesville, Ark. 

Mrs. Charles A. Aull, Mrs. Benjamin Ladd Purcell, 

1926 S. 33rd St., Omaha, Neb. Glen Allen, Va. 

Mrs. William A. Guthrie, Dupont, Ind. 

Chaplain General 

Miss Elisabeth F. Pierce, 
The Portner Apartments, Washington, D. C. 

Recording Secretary General Corresponding Secretary General 

Miss Emma L. Crowell, Mrs. Woodbury Pulsifer, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Organizing Secretary General Registrar General 

Mrs. Duncan U. Fletcher, Miss Grace M. Pierce. 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Treasurer General Historian General 

Mrs. Robert J. Johnston. Mrs. George K. Clarke, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Director General in Charge of Report to Smithsonian Institution 

Mrs. Benjamin D. He.ath, 

Heathcote, Charlotte, N. C. 

Librarian General Curator General 

Mrs. James M. Fowler, Miss Catherine Brittin Barlow, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 
















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French Military Airplane (Frontispiece) 

The War Collection of the United States National Museum . 63 

Theodore T. Belote 

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VOL. LIII, No. 2 


WHOLE No. 319 


By Theodore T. Belote 
Curator, Division of History, U. S. National Museum 

HE United States National Mu- 
seum is now assembling and has 
recently begun to install in exhi- 
bition cases a collection which, 
when completed, will form one 
of the most important aggrega- 
tions of material ever shown in the halls 
of the institution. The collection in ques- 
tion, which may be described in general 
as a war collection, will consist of mate- 
rial relating to the recent European war. 
The museum's aim in making the collec- 
tion is to preserve and exhibit for the 
benefit of the public a series of objects 
graphically illustrating the military, naval, 
and other war activities of the countries 
which engaged in this momentous conflict. 
The collection will constitute an invalu- 
able historical record of these activities, as 

* The illustrations shown herewith are all 
from the original objects in the Museum col- 

shown by objects connected directl\- with 
the war, and in addition to the military 
and naval features which will naturally be 
most prominent will represent many other 
phases of the struggle as well. The col- 
lection will, of course, be most complete 
as concerns the part played in the war by 
the United States but every effort will be 
made to illustrate, as far as possible in a 
corresponding manner, the war activities 
of the countries allied with the United 
States, and also the enemy countries. The 
innnense value of such a collection when 
once assembled can hardly be over-esti- 
mated either from the popular or scientific 
points of view. It will not only form 
a fitting and ser\'iceable supplement to the 
written and printed records relating to 
the histor}' of the war, but it will also 
constitute a notable memorial to the patri- 
otic forces aroused by the conflict, and to 
the individuals who have contributed most 




These peoples took 
up the original chal- 
lenge of Germany in 
August 1914. 

These peoples have 
shown their complete 
understanding of the 
German pienace by 
joining f! > l-rtcntc. 

Thoc peoples ha\e 
slil'w n their indi«j;nant 
horror at Cicrniany's 
repeati'd xiolation of 
the laws of humanity 
In scAfrinii; diplomatic 


V 9 


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1 HA..1 t> 







to the preservation of civilization and 
democracy in the present great crisis. 
The various objects of wthich the collec- 
tion will he composed are to be selected 
with care and discriniiination and will be 
of intrinsic and scientific value as well as 
of popular historical interest. 

The collection as now planned will con- 
sist primarily of the classes of material 
described below as pertaining to the 
United States, and material of a similar 
dharacter jjertaining to the Allies and the 
enemy countries. As it develops, how- 
ever, the collection will be expanded to 
cover other classes of matter in addition 
to the ones now being assembled which 
are as follows : 

Military and naval decorations and 
medals, commemorative medals, and other 
objects of numismatic interest issued dur- 
ing the war. 

Military and naval service insignia, 
including all tyi>es of the devices and 
designs showing the different ranks and 
branches of these two arms of the national 

Individual military and naval equip- 
ment, including the equipment of the en- 
listed men of the various branches of the 
army and the navy, such as uniforms, 
small arms, and other paraphernalia. 

(ieneral military and naval equipment, 
including ordnance, tanks, airplanes, sub- 
marines and other accessories of these 
two branches of the national war activities 
as represented by originaJs or models. 

Mementos of persons, including relics 
of individuals who have rendered notable 
service in the army or the navy or who 
have been otherwise prominently identi- 
fied with war activities. 

Mementos of events, including relics 
of events of special note occurring during 
the war. 

Pictures, maps, books, pamphlets, 

manuscripts, and other objects of the 
same character relating directly to the 
progress of the war. 

Philatelic material, including postage 
stamps, envelopes, franks and other speci- 
mens of the same character issued during 
the war. 

These classes of material while, as indi- 
cated, not covering the entire field of the 
collection, include matter of prime impor- 
tance in this connection, and ofifer a work- 
ing basis for an exhibition of very great 
interest and value. The material noted 
parallels closely in character that which 
is now being assembled by the British 
Imperial War Museum, the aims of which 
institution are closely akin to those of the 
National Museum in this particular. The 
British institution, w'hich is of compara- 
tively recent origin, has the services of 
a most enthusiastic corps of workers, 
among them a number of ladies, and its 
proximity to the scene of the war places 
it in a particularly favorable position for 
the collection of relics of the conflict. It 
will be a matter of much interest to com- 
pare the British and American collections 
of this type after they are completed by 
these two institutions. 

The initial installation of the National 
Museum collection has been made in the 
Arts and Industries building of the insti- 
tution where it has already outgrown the 
space to which it was originally assigned. 
The museum has been so fortunate as to 
secure the cooperation of other govern- 
ment departments in connection with the 
assembling of the war collection and more 
particularly of the two departments which 
are in a position to render most valuable 
assistance in connection with this notable 
undertaking, namely, the War and Navy 
departments. These two departments 
have furnished the museum with most 
interesting exhibits of equipment and 

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paraphernalia at present used in the army 
and the navy. These exhibits have already 
been installed and will be rendered as 
complete and representative as possible 
by the addition of further material from 
the same source. 

The material already exhibited by the 
museum as a part of the war collection is 
relatively small in amount as compared 
to that which the institution hopes to 
secure ultimately in this connection, but 
the specimens now shown are of great in- 
terest as indicating the lines along which 
the collection will be developed. The col- 
lection already includes a number of ob- 
jects of particular note which may now 
be described in general in the same order 
as that of the classes of material men- 
tioned above to which they respectively 

The numismatic features of the exhibit 
are represented by complete sets of medals 
and badges showing the types of these 
objects awarded for distinguished acts of 
bravery and for faithful and efficient ser- 
vice of the United States army and navy. 
This portion of the collection includes, 
in addition to examples of the earlier dec- 
oration of this character, the most notable 
of which are the Congressional medals 
known as the Army Medal of Honor and 
the Navy Medal of Honor, the new dis- 
tinguished service cross and the dis- 
tinguished service medal which were 
established in 1918 for award to members 
of the American Expeditionary Forces 
in France, and both of which are of inter- 
esting and artistic design. In the same 
exhibition case with these are shown a 
series of the medals and decorations of the 
present war. This series includes exam- 
ples of the following decorations awarded 
by the Allies during the war ; namely, the 
Belgian War Cross, three types of the 
French War Cross, the silver Military 

Cross of Great Britain, and several 
Montenegrin, Russian and Serbian deco- 
rations. This section of the collec- 
tion will later contain examples of the 
commemorative medals issued by the 
countries engaged in the war and also 
specimens representing the other types of 
numismatic material such as temporary 
coins and paper money, which have been 
issued in large amounts by the European 
powers. Among the other objects of s])e- 
cial numismatic note in the museum 
collection at ]:)resent are specimens in 
bronze of the fine medal issued by the 
American Numismatic Society commem- 
orating the visit to New York City in 1917 
of the British and French War Cominis- 
sions. The obverse of this medal is by the 
well-known medalist. Daniel Chester 
French, and shows a symbolized head of 
\Tctory crowned with a trench helmet ; 
the reverse by Miss Evelyn B. Longman 
exhibits a group of three figures showing 
the inspiration of France, personified by 
Joan of Arc, and the chivalry of England 
in the guise of a mediaeval knight, enlist- 
ing the aid of American Liberty in the 
world war for freedom. Another object 
of numismatic note in the collection is a 
medalet by T. Spicer Simson commemo- 
rating the entrance of the United States 
into the war. 

A notably large collection of United 
States military and naval service insignia 
is already on exhibition including types of 
officers' insignia of all ranks and branches 
of the service ; a series of chevrons and 
specialty marks, buttons, and hat cords of 
the type worn by non-commissioned offi- 
cers and enlisted men of the army ; and 
a series of rating badges and specialty 
marks of the type worn by enlisted men 
and petty officers of the navy. These are 
shown as indicative of the complete collec- 
tion of material of this character which 



it is ])roposed to assemble relating not 
only to the United States army and navy 
hut also to the armies and navies of the 
allied and enemy countries. 

The individual military equipment 
already shown includes summer and win- 
ter uniforms with accessories of nearly 
e\ery type used by the enlisted man of 
the infantry including his weapons, trench 
tools, haversack and mess outfit, and 
various other objects pertaining to his life 
in camp and in the field. The same class 
of material is shown relating to the en- 
listed man of the cavalry. A variety of 
objects are exhibited indicating the indi- 
vidual equipment used in the air service. 
These include a flying suit with electric 
wiring, a fur coat, a hood, a scarf, a mask, 
goggles and a pair of moccasins of the 
type used by aviators. 

The individual equipment of the petty 
officer and the enlisted man of the navy 
is shown by material of similar descrip- 
tion belonging to that branch of the ser- 
vice including an interesting assortment 
of the natty uniforms worn by the mem- 
bers of the Marine Corps. Of particular 
interest to the ladies in this connection 
are the jaunty suits worn by the yoe- 
women and the " niarinettes " if one may 
so term the enlisted women of the Marine 

The general military equipment already 
shown includes the latest type of the 
Browning machine gun and machine rifle 
and the Lewis machine gun for airplanes 
w hich in accordance with their importance 
in connection with the winning of the 
war have been given a prominent place in 
the exhibition space. This portion of the 
exhibit also includes hand grenades, 
bombs, and other similar objects which 
needless to state are being utilized for 
exhibition purposes only when unloaded. 

Perhaps the most important single 
ol)iects of militarv- interest already in- 

stalled with the collection are a number 
of airplanes showing the t}'pes of the 
machines of this character used during 
the war. Of these, two machines have 
been installed in the south hall of the 
museum building where they may be ad- 
mirably viewed from the gallery of that 
hall. One is a Voisin plane of the 1917 
model used in the French army for bomb- 
ing at night; the other a Caudron plane 
of the same year was used in the French 
army for photographing and reconnoiter- 
ing. Both of these were purchased by the 
United States government from France 
in 1917 and at that time were regarded 
as the latest types. The bombing plane 
is a ^huge machine, thirty-seven feet long, 
fifty-nine feet wide and eleven feet high. 
The plane used for photographing and 
reconnoitering is smaller, being only 
twenty-five feet long, forty-five feet wide 
and nine feet high. An up-to-date United 
States army training plane and the fusi- 
lage of a De Haviland Four with liberty 
motor have just been added to this por- 
tion of the collection. 

The memento and memorial features of 
the collection are already represented by 
the following interesting rehcs : The 
American flag made at Islay House, Islay, 
Scotland, by Jessie McClellan, Mary Cun- 
ning'ham, Catherine McGregor, Mary 
x-Vrmour, and John McDougall, and used 
on the occasion of the funerals of Ameri- 
can soldiers lost with the transport Tus- 
cania in February. 1918; and a distin- 
guishing flag of the Zeppelin L-49 cap- 
tured at Bourbonne les Bains, France, in 
October, 1917, with fragments of the gas 
bag and outer envelope of the Zeppelin. 
Of particular interest in this connection is 
a notable collection of relics of Benjamin 
Stuart Walcott who volunteered for the 
French Aviation Service in July, 1917, 
and was killed in aerial combat with three 

^ :~ - ^N^^; 




German planes December 12th of the 
same year. The Walcott relics include 
the French uniform worn by him, the 
citation and croix de giierre awarded to 
him by the French government in recog- 
nition of distinguished services culminat- 
ing in his death, his French aviation pilot's 
badge, the diploma and war medal of the 
Aero Club of America awarded to him, 
his commission as first lieutenant. United 
States Army and a number of other 

The pictorial features of the museum's 
collection of war material are at present 
undeveloped except for a series of Liberty 
Loan posters and a number of miscel- 
laneous objects of this type. Among these 
is a very interesting British poster which 
is typical of this class of material and 
which shows in a graphic manner the atti- 
tude of the great powers of the world 
towards the originators of the war by 
groupings of the national flags of the bel- 
ligerent and neutral powers which effec- 
tively indicate the stand taken by their 
respective governments in connection with 
the great struggle. This section of the 
exhibition is rapidly increasing in size and 
will soon be as well represented as are the 
other portions of the collection. A very 
interesting lot of philatelic material is 
already on exhibition in a separate case, 
the contents of which have been donated 
by the International Committee of the Red 
Cross, Berne, Switzerland. This material 
includes postage stamps, envelopes, and 
franks of various types used in Europe 
during the war. Of great interest in 
this connection are the envelopes used 

in the various prison camps on the 

In connection with the most recent war 
collection to be initiated by the museum 
it is interesting to note that the institu- 
tion is already in the possession of a 
priceless aggregation of historical material 
relating to the other wars in which the 
United States has participated and that 
the present collection will logically unite 
with these and bring them up to date, thus 
supplying the public with the opportunity 
of seeing and studying a collection of 
Americana of this type of unequalled 
interest and value. The latest collection 
will in the natural course be the most 
complete on account of the vast oppor- 
tunity for securing the desired material. 

A very interesting lot of material which 
will serve as a connecting link between 
the new historical collections and those 
already in the possession of the museum 
has recently been secured by that institu- 
tion from the War Department. This 
material consists of a large collection of 
military uniforms on lay figures, firearms, 
swords, flags, military transportation 
models, ordnance models and various 
other paraphernalia showing the types of 
these objects used in the United States 
Army from 177^1908. Of particular 
note in this connection are a number of 
reproductions of Continental uniforms 
included with this material which is now 
being installed with the war collection 
where it will make a striking showing and 
form a most interesting and valuable ad- 
dition to the national historical collections. 


of the American Revolution will be held in Washington, D. C, April 14 to 19, 
1919, by which time, in all reasonable probability, normal conditions in the city 
will be established. , 

Every effort will be made that the Congress shall be one of interest and 
great value. The knowledge of the work gained and the enthusiasm that must 
surely come through contact with those intensely interested will compensate 
one for any inconvenience suffered or any sacrifice made to attend the Congress. 

The revision of the Constitution and By-Laws will be one of the important matters 
of business that will come before the Congress. Seven Vice Presidents General are to 
be elected, and the reports of the National Committees are to be given. There will be 
an exhibition of the work done by the Society along educational lines, which we hope, in 
every way, will surpass the one of last year. 


I hope the time is not far distant when every Chapter of the Society of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution will make it possible, by paying the expenses of its Regent, 
to be represented at every Continental Congress. This should be done! Will not the 
Chapters take this matter up for serious consideration? 

The Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution is peculiar in its organiza- 
tion, owing to the fact that it was first a National organization, and then for convenience 
and efficiency local divisions were authorized — hence the first duty of every individual 
member is to the National Society. 

Every Chapter in the organization is entitled to representation in the legislative body 
of the Society — Continental Congress — and through the State Regents a voice in the 
meetings of the National Board of Management, hence any action taken by either body 
requires the faithful carrying out of that action; and unless every Chapter member fully 
realizes the responsibility and obligation assumed when joining the Society, neither the 
State organization or the National Society can in any measure accomplish the work 

The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution has done a 
splendid work, but to every Daughter should come three questions: Have ;yoM done your 
duty? The obligations of the Society are your obligations. Have you raised your quota 
of the Liberty Loan Fund and given your portion of the necessary amount to restore the 
village of Tilloloy? If you have not, you have helped to make it impossible for the 
National Society to make good or carry on its obligations. 

Have you made a full report of the work you have been able to do since the war 
commenced? The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution must 
make a yearly report to the Government, and it should be the pride of every Daughter 
to make that report as nearly correct as possible. See to it that you report to your 
Chapter Regent in order that her report to the State Regent shall have some semblance 
of a full report, thus making it possible for your State to make a creditable showing. 

Before this issue of the magazine reaches you, through your War Relief Service 
Committee your Chapter Regent will have been asked to make a full report of all war 
work done by every member of her Chapter since the beginning of the war. These 
reports must be in the hands of the Publicity Director of the War Relief Service Com- 
mittee, Mrs. William Henry Wait, by March 11, 1919, in order to have the printed 
report ready for distribution at the coming Congress, and failing to make this report 
your work will not be recorded and your Chapter, your State and your National Society 
will be just that much short of making a report commensurate with the work really done. 



By Edna Miner Rogers 

HILE the delegates are gather- 
ing at Versailles for the Peace 
Conference, and our own Presi- 
dent of the United States of 
America is to have a prominent 
place in the council, the story of 
a Connecticut captain who carried to 
France, during the War for Independ- 
ence, a copy of the ratification of a treaty 
of alliance between the united Colonies 
and France, is here recalled. 

Robert Niles was born September 2, 
1734, in Groton, Connecticut, the son 
of Nathan and Mary (Northrup) Niles 
of South Kingstow^n, Rhode Island, and 
Groton, Connecticut. His early life 
was passed in Groton, and here not far 
from New London and Stonington har- 
bors, then busy maritime ports, he 
acquired his knowledge of ships and 
seamanship, and early became a ship 
master in the merchant marine service. 

So high a reputation did he attain in 
his chosen calling, that immediately 
after the beginning of the War of the 
American Revolution, in the spring of 
1775, Colonel Mott, chief officer of the 
engineers at Fort George, Ticonderoga, 
made a request to Governor Trumbull 
of Connecticut, that Captain Niles 
might be ordered to that post, with a 
view of his taking command of one of 
the armed vessels on the lake, a very 
important service connected with the 
defence and protection of the post. 

But Captain Niles, who was then 

residing in Norwich, at the head of 
navigation fourteen miles above New 
London, was evidently needed in his 
own colony. Connecticut, early in the 
war, realized the necessity of war ves- 
sels to protect her sea-coast, and the 
General Assembly ordered some to be 
obtained and properly fitted out. At a 
meeting of the Governor and Council of 
Safety, held August 2, 1775, it was 
decided " to charter and improve some 
one vessel of small burden and a fast 
sailer, of about 20, 25, or 30 tons, and 
to fix her with such warlike furniture 
as may be proper; to be improved 
chiefly as a spy vessel, to run and course 
from place to place to discover the 
enemy and carry intelligence, &c.," and 
Captain Niles of Norwich was appointed 
captain of said small vessel. Captain 
Niles was present at the meeting held 
August 7, and received his commission 
that day, signed by Governor Jonathan 

A week later, the comimittee appointed 
respecting a small armed vessel, reported 
that the only one at all suitable for the 
purpose belonged to a Stonington man, 
and could not be chartered, but might be 
purchased for i200 at the lowest, and 
that her sails and rigging were not fit 
for service. 

The Council decided that as the Gen- 
eral Assembly had ordered vessels fit- 
ted out, they must obey the order, and 
therefore " Are of opinion that said 



vessel or schooner, 
called the Britania, 
be purchased for 
tJhe Colony ; and 
Benj. Hunting'ton, 
Esq"", and Capt. Jno. 
Deshon, and Cap. 
Rob* Niles, are ap- 
pointed a commit- 
tee to make said 
purchase at not ex- 
ceeding £200, &c., 
and also to take 
care of and cause 
her to be rigged and 
fitted out with 
every necessary for 
said purpose, as 
soon as may be." 
The Council ap- 
pointed Robert 
Niles of Norwich 
to be captain and 
commander of her. 
By September 
4th, the vessel had 
been taken to Nor- 
wich and w!as there 
being fitted out ; on 
the eighth is the 
first mention of her 
new name, when it 
was voted that an 
order be drawn on 
tihe Pay-Table for 
the sum of £100, in 
favor of Capt. 
Robt. Niles of the armed vessel or 
schooner Spy, fixing out at Norwich. 
She was in service before November 23d, 
w^hen Captain Niles reported and asked 
for instructions concerning a suspicious 
vessel at Sag Harbor. The Spy is said 
to have been of about fifty tons burden, 
carried six four-pounders, and had a crew 
of from twenty to thirty men. One 

Phuto by Gerard L. Ranger 



hundred and fifty 
pounds of powder 
was part of her 
equipment in Sep- 

On January 5, 
1 776, the Council 
of Safety, "On a 
letter and request 
from Mr. Dean in 
behalf of the Naval 
Committee at Con- 
gress, requesting 
that Captain Niles 
of the Spy be sent 
to carry recruits 
from New London 
to Philadelphia, for 
the navy, it was 
Gonsider'd. c o n - 
eluded and voted, 
that we cannot 
properly and safely 
permit him to be 
absent for so long, 
and do not agree to 
the proposal." At 
the same meeting, it 
was " Voted and 
ordered that said 
Captain Niles be 
directed to raise 
and enlist 20 men 
such as he can con- 
fide in, tO' serve on 
board the schooner 
Spy for the term of 
one year, unless sooner discharged, on the 
following wages, viz.: for able seamen 
forty-eight shillings, and for seamen forty 
shillings per kalendar month." 

April 15, 1776, on request of Admiral 
Hopkins, Captain Niles was ordered to 
join the American fleet under his com- 
mand, and proceed with him on a short 
cruise against the enemy. July 4th, 



Captain Niles with the Spy was in New- 
London Harbor, where he received 
instructions to seize and detain any 
suspicious vessels in or about that har- 
bor, ofifing or sound, bound to sea; he 
was then acting in conjunction with 
Capt. Seth Harding (also of Norwich) 
in Long Island Sound. 

Captain Niles and the Spy took many 
rich prizes ; in August he captured the 
Hope, and soon after the Hannah and 
Elizabeth. Zebadiah Smith was put in 
command of the Hannah and Elizabeth, 
and took her into Newport harbor; on 
September 9th, he was instructed " to 
embrace the first fair wind and weather 
when the coast is clear of the enemy, 
and proceed with the prize to New 
London and up to Norwich, and take 
the necessary steps to procure a legal 
condemnation to be pass'd thereon as 
soon as may be." 

The Courant of September 16, 1776 
(Norwich, Conn.), had the following: 
" New London September 13 : Yester- 
day returned here from a cruize the 
armed schooner Spy, Capt. Robert Niles, 
belonging to the State of Connecticut, 
and brought in with him the schooner 
Mary and Elizabeth, commanded by Capt. 
Bruce, bound from Barbadoes to 
Halifax; her cargo consists of 52 hogs- 
heads of rum, and 8 do. of sugar. About 
18 days ago Capt. Niles took the ship 
Hope, Capt. Quince, burthen 270 tons, 
bound from St. Vincents to London ; 
her cargo consists of 257 hogsheads of 
sugar, 32 puncheons of rum, some 
molasses, cocoa and coffee, and may be 
daily expected into some port." 

Though one vessel is called in the 
newspaper the Mary and Elizabeth, the 
ofificial record of her appraisal names her 
as the Hannah and Elizabeth. 

On October 2, 1776, Captain Niles 
was ordered to get ready with all 

despatch and cruise in the Sound between 
Montauk Point and Stamford, " in 
order to watch the movements of our 
enemies and to give intelligence in the 
easiest and best manner for the security 
of the navigation belonging to the 
United States and of the towns upon 
the Sound and to annoy our enemies, 
until further orders." 

March 7, 1777, " Sailing orders were 
given to Capt. Niles to go in the Spy 
to Maryland or Virginia for flour, &c.," 
and a barrel of rum was delivered to 
him for the use of the .schooner Spy. In 
May he was ordered to put the Spy in 
condition for a cmise and secure his 
crew to the first of the next year; in 
June, orders were given that two of the 
cannon at Dartmouth or Bedford, belong- 
ing to this state, be delivered to Cap- 
tain Niles for the use of the Spy, and 
Captain Niles was to have his choice of 
the cannon. 

June 30th his orders were to cruise to 
New Haven and as far westward as 
might be prudent, and towards Long 
Island, " to annoy the enemy and to 
give intelligence of any interesting dis- 
covery he may make or intelligence of 
the designs of the enemy he may get." 

He wrote to the Council of Safety, 
July 3d, concerning the disposal of some 
prisoners, and was directed to keep two 
of them on the Spy till her return to 
New London. Possibly these prisoners 
belonged to the sloop Dolphin, which the 
Spy had recently captured and which was 
ordered appraised September 29, 1777. 
Captain Niles was directed " to borrow 
— a suitable stick for a mast for the 
sloop Dolphin," October 13th, and the 
state purchased the sloop on Novem- 
ber 29th. Early in 1778 Captain Niles 
made a voyage, and brought back sul- 
phur, of which five hogsheads were 
sold ; an " account of his late voyage " 


was given to the Council on March 16th. 

April 20, 1778, it was voted " that 
Capts. Niles and Smith do immedi- 
ately refit the Dolphin and Spy, lately 
under their respective commands." Cap- 
tain Niles was appointed to the command 
of the Dolphin, and directed to " imme- 
diately refit and prepare her for the sea 
in a suitable manner and engage sea-men 
necessary to man her for a merchant 
voyage to the West Indies, and in order 
to take in such loading as may be pre- 
pared therefor." 

Captain Smith, who had succeeded 
to the command of the Spy, received 
similar orders, and both vessels were 
loaded with staves and hoops, for the 
voyage to the West Indies. 

On his return came the great adven- 
ture; from the beginning of hostilities, 
Capt. Robert Niles, with the small armed 
vessel the Spy, had been so successful in 
his hazardous enterprises and missions, 
that when a mission of national impor- 
tance, but of the gravest danger, must 
be undertaken, he was one of the three 
men chosen for the duty. 

In February, 1778, a treaty of alliance 
was made between the united Col- 
onies and France, and Captain Robert 
Niles was employed by the Govern- 
ment to carry a ratification of this 
treaty to France. The safe delivery of 
this ratified treaty was considered so 
important that three separate copies 
were despatched by three different ves- 
sels. Captain Niles was the only man 
who succeeded in crossing the ocean and 
delivering his copy, both of the other 
bearers being captured by the enemy. 

In June, 1778, Captain Niles sailed 
from Stonington, Connecticut, in his 
well-tried little vessel, the Spy, manned 
"by a picked crew of trusty men. He 
crossed the ocean, successfully eluded the 

British fleet off Brest, where he was 
chased for a long time by two English 
frigates, and twenty-seven days after 
sailing from Stonington, he reached 
Paris, where he delivered the treaty to 
Dr. Benjamin Franklin, the resident min- 
ister of the United States in that place. 

He found the French fleet waiting for 
the ratification of the treaty, and imme- 
diately upon its arrival the fleet sailed, 
bringing support and assistance to our 
struggling country. 

On his return voyage Captain Niles was 
captured by an English frigate and car- 
ried first to the Isle of Guernsey, thence 
to England where he was detained as a 
prisoner of war ; later he was exchanged, 
and returned home, which he reached 
July 17, 1779. Captain Niles continued 
in the service till the declaration of 
peace, but of the gallant little Spy 
nothing more is known. 

The brief official record of this mission 
is given on the minutes of the Council of 
Safety, held Tuesday, July 20, 1779. 
" Cap. Niles came in, having arriv'd 
home last Saturday after having been 
twice captured, etc. — gave an account of 
his voyage, etc. — arrived at Paris in 27 
days after he sail'd, which was begin- 
ning June 1778, and delivered his mail 
to Dr. Franklin, containing the ratifica- 
tion by Congress of the Treaty with 
France, being the first account he had 
received of that event, which was greatly 
satisfactory to him and thi French min- 
istry and nation in general, etc." 

A few other items in connection with 
this voyage are gleaned from the records. 
One of the men who sailed with Captain 
Niles was Michael Pepper of Norwich. 
On July 17, 1779, Mrs. Pepper, on pro- 
ducing a power of attorney from her 
husband, was given an order on the 
Pay-Table for wages due to her said 



husband, Michael Pepper, a sailor on 
board the Spy, Captain Niles, to the 25th 
of September, 1778, deducting two 
months' pay, he having received one 
month's pay at Norwich, and the other 
in France. " The above Pepper was 
taken in the Spy, Capt. Robt. Niles, on 
his passage from France." 

On August 28th, an order was drawn 
in favor of Captain Niles, for the sum of 
£800 towards wages due to the seamen 
on board the schooner Spy on her voy- 
age to France, he to be accountable ; on 
Decejiiber 20th, an order in favor of 
Michael Pepper, a mariner on board the 
schooner Spy while commanded by Cap- 
tain Niles, taken by the enemy and car- 
ried into England, or his attorney, for his 
wages to the 4th day of July last, was 

Of a more personal nature was the 
request of Captain Niles, made July 30th, 
" to have a barrel of pork belonging to 
this State, etc., in consideration of his 
misfortune in being twice taken, etc., on 
continental service to France, and 
deprived of opportunity to supply his 

A bowl and pitcher presented to Cap- 
tain Niles is now in the possession of 
the Connecticut Historical Society, 
having been given to the Society by 
Miss Hannah Fitch Niles. The ware 
is the kind commonly known as Liver- 
pool ware, cream body with brown 
figures. In the bottom of the bowl is 
a representation of the Spy, flying the 
Stars and Stripes in color. There is 
also a picture of " His Excellency, 
George Washington, Marshal of France 
and Commander-in-Chief of all the North 
American Forces." One of Benjamin 
Franklin, with the words, " By virtue and 
valour we have Freed our Country, 
extended our commerce, and laid the 
foundations of a greaf empire." 

There are also other figures and senti- 

After the close of the Revolutionary 
War, Captain Niles continued in the 
marine service; in 1789 he was com- 
mander of the J%mo, one of the regular 
packets running between Norwich and 
New York. He died in Norwich in 
1818, aged and poor, leaving a young 
daughter, mentioned above. 

He is buried in the City Cemetery, 
and in the Niles row lie most of his 
family in the following order: George 
Niles, his grandson ; Captain Robert 

Niles ; his three wives, Abigail , 

Mary Fitch, Hannah (Fitch) Brown, 
and his mother-in-law, Hannah (Ash- 
ley) Fitch. 

His gravestone is of white marble and 
bears the following inscription : 



A Patriot who commanded 

the Spy during the Revolution 

He carried the treaty to France 

delivering it to 

Benj Franklin 

Capt Niles served his country 

faithfully and died a christian 

in the year 1818 

aged 83 years 

This gravestone, shown in the illus- 
tration, is not the size and shape of those 
of the period in which he died, but is of 
a later type, resembling that of Seabury 
Brewster, near it, of 1847. The stone 
was, in all probability, erected by his 
daughter at a later date. 

On December 24, 1855, Senator 
Lafayette Foster, of Norwich, presented 
to Congress the petition of Hannah F. 
Niles, asking for a pension on account 
of the services rendered to his country 
by her father. Accompanying the peti- 
tion was Captain Niles' commission as 
commander of the Spy, dated August 7, 
1775, and signed by Governor Jonathan 
Trumbull. Senator Foster stated that 



Captain Robert Niles died in 1818, in 
extreme poverty; that he had received 
no pay for his services except about 
fifty dollars of depreciated currency ; 
he briefly reviewed the services ren- 
dered by Captain Niles, and made an 
eloquent plea for some financial remu- 
neration to the daughter. The next 
year $3000 was appropriated for Miss 

Thus, during this time of prospective 
treaties and alliances, is remembered 
the Connecticut treaty bearer, who, by 
the successful delivery of the ratifica- 
tion of a treaty, made possible an alli- 
ance between the United States and 
France one hundred and forty years ago. 

Captain Robert Niles married first 

Abigail , who died February 18, 

1796, aged 59 years ; by her he had at 
least two children ; viz. : Robert, who 

married Loadicea , and had a son 

George Niles, who died February 18, 
1784, in his 5th year. Mary, born about 
1764, who married as second wife, Jan- 
uary 29, 1786, Captain Andrew Perkins 
(V.Rec. Norwich, Conn., p. 539). She 
died in 1787, and her gravestone in the 
City Cemetery has the inscription : 
" Mary, wife of Capt. Andrew Perkins 
and only daughter of Capt. Robert Niles 
& Abigail his wife, died 24 Feb., 1787, 

in the 24th year of her age." {A'czv Eng. 
Reg., vol. 2.) 

Captain Niles married second, Novem- 
ber 25, 1796, in Norwich (Chelsea 
church records), Polly (Mary) Fitch, 
born about 1764, died January 23, 1799, 
aged 35 years, daughter of Theophilus 
and Hannah (Ashley) Fitch, and a 
descendant of Gov. William Bradford of 
the Mayflower. 

He married third, May — , 1799 (Nor- 
wich Courier, issue of June 5), Hannah 
(Fitch) Brown, born about 1761, died 
June 8, 1810, a sister of his second wife. 
They had a daughter, Hannah Fitch 
Niles, born July 15, 1805, died January 
4, 1892, unmarried. In 1855 she is called 
the only surviving child of Captain 
Niles ; she is buried in the new part of 
the City Cemetery in the Hooker lot, 
near the Oak Street entrance. Her 
gravestone of white marble. It has 
fallen over but is unbroken. 

To reset this stone and to care for 
that of Capt. Robert Niles should be 
the duty and desire of one of the patri- 
otic or historical societies of Norwich. 

There are no known descendants of 
Capt. Robert Niles, but his patriotic 
services to his country and to his state 
should not be forgotten by the town in 
which he lived and died. 


Members have been interested in the 
news that the Government has removed 
the embargo on platinum and in conse- 
quence J. E. Caldwell & Co. are again in 
position to manufacture our insignia. 
The orders are being filled as rapidly as 
possible in the order in which received. 
In the general disorganization of all 

manufacturing enterprises, and with the 
small quantity of the precious metal in 
the market, it will not be possible for the 
J. E. Caldwell & Co. to make deliveries as 
rapidly as in normal times, but Daughters 
may rest assured that they will be supplied 
with the emblems just as fast as 
it is possible to manufacture them. 


By Katherine Calvert Goodwin 

^HERE is no country in the world 
more patriotic than the United 
States, and there is none where 
the national banner is more 
prominently in evidence. It is 
hard to realize that there exists 
no comprehensive national law that en- 
sures its protection and sanctity, when 
numberless tributes in prose and poetry 
have been dedicated to the flag, when 
every church chancel is draped with the 
flag, when practically every " movie " 
and theatrical show exhibits the flag, and 
when every newspaper and magazine 
editorial has something to say of our duty 
and honor to the flag. 

It was only within the last fifteen years 
(1905) that there was any Federal law 
bearing upon this subject. Before then 
there had been no distinction between 
using the flag as a symbol of our Union 
or as the business banner of any individ- 
ual. That the need of a universal penal 
law is more vital in the United States 
than any other country is due to the fact 
of its enormous size, varied population, 
conflicting politics and competitive com- 
mercialism. Many instances of outrages 
to the flag have been known in the past 
when rival political factions placed on the 
banner the names and portraits of their 
candidates and thereby incited riots, dur- 
ing which infuriated people, seizing the 

American flags bearing these political em- 
blems and partisan mottoes attached, tore 
them down, trampled and fired upon them, 
and afterwards went unpunished. 

For many years patriotic societies, no- 
tably among them the Daughters of the 
American Revolution, have pleaded with 
Congress in favor of protective legisla- 
tion on this subject. There were hearings 
in the Senate before the Committee on 
Military Affairs, and hearings in the 
House before the Committee on the Judi- 
ciary. Our legislators listened ; they were 
perfectly polite, perfectly patient, per- 
fectly inert. We were to trust to the 
people's sense of propriety and to their 
knowledge of the fitness of things. 

So in America, while public opinion 
continued to be the arbiter, the Patent 
Oflice continued to grant more trade- 
marks, featuring the national flag. It 
was reproduced on handkerchiefs, lemon 
wrappers, whiskey bottles, laundry- 
wagons, tar soap, door mats, etc. It 
was worn by circus clowns, ballet dancers, 
and prize fighters ; it " stood " for the 
best beer; it waved above exchange 
saloons. For the most part, these cases 
were not intentional desecrations, but 
were assertions of Americanism, and 
merely showed a shocking and innate lack 
of good taste. The Italian lemonade ven- 
dor in Chicago who stuck the Stars and 



Stripes above his stand was not guilty of 
alien disrespect, but it is doubtful if he 
would have proclaimed his wares in such 
a manner in his own country. In Italy, 
while there is no actual fine for public 
irreverence to her flag, there is imprison- 
ment up to twenty months. In the Middle 
Ages, when the Pope was in possession of 
his temporal power, there was a provision 
for the protection of the Papal flag and 
all disrespect was severely punished. 

Finally, the United States Congress, in 
an act approved February, 1905, provided 
that a trade-mark cannot be registered 
which consists of, or comprises, inter 
alia, " the flag, coat-of-arms, or other in- 
signia of the United States or any simula- 
tion thereof." But, while we had no such 
law until 1905, France had realized the 
necessity as early as 1823, when a royal 
ordinance, later adopted by the Republic 
in 1882, prohibited the use of the national 
flag as a commercial design. While our 
War Department sees no objection to 
flying our flag on civilian property, any 
day and all day, in France the Tri-color 
may only be displayed on the occasion of 
a national holiday. 

Twelve years later, in February, 1917, 
an act of our Congress was passed pro- 
viding certain penalties for improper use 
of the flag within the District of Columbia. 
This act and that forbidding flag trade- 
marks are the only Federal flag laws in 
existence. Thus, the District of Colum- 
bia is the one section of the whole country 
where the flag is nationally protected from 
desecration, and even in the District no 
provision is made for disrespect shown a 
foreign flag. A foreign nation is power- 
less to ensure respect towards her flag 
anywhere in the United States unless she 
protests to the Department of State or 
else goes to war about it. 

All the States of the Union, save six, 
have enacted penal laws for desecration 
of our own flag, though there are no laws 
dealing with contempt of a foreign flag. 
But these state ordinances are neither 
very complete nor very uniform. For in- 
stance, in Wyoming, Washington, New 
Jersey, and several other states these laws 
do not impose a specific penalty, but a 
violation is declared to constitute a mis- 
demeanor. The discriminating anarchist 
or I.W.W. can dO' his defiling work with- 
out fear in Minnesota, as there, though 
considered a misdemeanor, no punishment 
is prescribed, whereas in Pennsylvania, 
the fine may be $500, or possible imprison- 
ment for six months. 

But six months in jail seems a mere 
siesta compared with the way things were 
done in Russia before the reign of Bol- 
shevism. During the Czar's regime, the 
penalty for offense against her flag was 
from two to nineteen years' imprisonment. 
Firing upon the flag would have meant 
deportation to Siberia. 

Going to a fancy ball dressed in the 
national flag (as is frequently done here 
to represent " Columbia " or " Uncle 
Sam ") is unheard of in foreign countries. 
The British are punctilious regarding 
national, military and naval etiquette; 
officers cannot wear their uniforms to a 
masquerade ball, even. 

There is one very curious difference in 
the attitude of the United States and 
Great Britain towards their respective 
flags and those of other nations. Up to 
the time of this war, it was never custo- 
mary in the United States to display a 
foreign flag unless an American flag was 
likewise beside it. Of course, this does 
not refer to embassies, the sites of which 
are foreign territory. Some years ago 
at Fort George, New York, on the occa- 
sion of a certain celebration, an American 


citizen, out of deference to his numerous 
English friends, hung the Union Jack 
alone from his window. A passer-by no- 
ticed the absence of the American fiag 
and reported the fact to the police. In the 
meantime quite an indignant crowd had 
collected outside the man's house. When 
the police arrived, they ordered him to 
withdraw the flag, which he refused to do, 
on the grounds that the house was his and 
he was at liberty to display any flag he 
wished. The affair was then reported to 
the chief of police ; a squad from head- 
quarters made their appearance, entered 
the man's house and withdrew the British 
emblem. Another instance of this sort 
occurred when some Canadians attended 
a convention in Chicago. A British flag, 
without the Stars and Stripes beside it, 
was hoisted above the hotel where they 
were staying; but popular sentiment was 
so strong against this that the banner had 
to be taken down. 

Now, in England, such cases have 
never been heard of. For years various 
foreign flags have hung alone and no- 
body ever questioned the propriety of this, 
or dreamed of suggesting that the Union 
Jack wave beside it. Though there is no 
national law in England governing dese- 
cration of her flag, anyone committing 
such an act would be arrested for sedi- 
tion or on a charge of disturbing the peace. 
Desecration of their own or a foreign 
flag would be dealt with even more strin- 
gently on sea than on land. 

Few English commercial firms have 
ever misused the British flag for commer- 
cial purposes, but certain licensed com- 
panies are authorized to use His Maj- 
esty's Coat-of-Arms ; this is considered, 
not as an act of disrespect, but merely a 
royal encouragement to a deserving firm. 
Using a national flag on notepaper and 
stationer^' is never seen in Europe, al- 

though a too common occurrence in this 

In the Imperial code of Japan there is 
a penalty for desecration of a foreign flag, 
on complaint of a foreign government, 
but there is no such provision for her own 
flag. It is not needed in the land of the 
chrysanthemum, for the Japanese, from 
birth, are imbued with reverence for their 
nation's flag — it would never even occur 
to them to treat it with disrespect. 

Switzerland, careful little republic that 
she is, enforces the same law in regard to 
the flags and coats-of-arms of other coun- 
tries, only in her code the foreign country 
is always mentioned as " friendly state." 
There, any criticism or cartoon ridiculing 
the above-mentioned " friendly state " 
is absolutely prohibited. This latter law 
was enacted by the Federal Council soon 
after the war, when it became imperative 
for Switzerland to maintain her neutrality 
in every possible manner. 

Just a word on the subject of German 
flag laws. It is hard to believe that a 
criminal code ever existed in Germany, 
when Germans have been guilty of every 
known crime against humanity. We 
know not what penal laws the Reichstag 
may formulate, but within the last month 
before the downfall of Kaiserism, the 
imperial code provided that " whoever ma- 
liciously destroys ... a pubhc emblem 
of the authority of the Empire, or of a 
Federal sovereign, or an emblem of the 
majesty of a Federal state, shall be pun- 
ished by a fine not exceeding 600 marks 
($150), or by imprisonment not exceed- 
ing two years." Indeed, this is no at- 
tempt to eulogize the German law, but it 
is amusing to note that the same penal 
legislature applied to the desecration of 
" a public emblem of the authority of a 
State which does not belong to the Ger- 
man Empire." Little did the Herr 


Doktors of the German Judiciary who 
compiled these sections of the penal code 
reahze that before many years the half- 
crescent of the Turk would be practi- 
cally the last flag left acknowledging 
German " protection." As for their own 
flag and the honor due it from other 
nations, two lines from the German war- 
song are sufficient to show the recent 

audacity of the Teutonic point of view: 
" I am a Prussian! Know ye not my 
Before me floats my flag of black and 

white ! " 
It remains with the Allied Powers at 
the Peace Conference to decide whether 
a Prussian flag will ever again dominate 

15, 1919, IN CAMBRIDGE, 





In this Honor Roll the approximate list of membership in each State is shown 
in the outer rim, and the hst of subscribers according to States is in the inner circle 


The Magazine also has subscribers in 


New York, at this date of publication, 
leads all States with 946 subscribers 





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By Elisabeth Ellicott Poe 

« ra 

HE Treaty of Ghent concluded, 
the statesmen at Washington 
found time to turn their atten- 
tion to an intolerable situation 
that existed in another part of 
the world, namely, the bucca- 
neering program of the Dey of Algiers 
who had terrorized the Mediterranean 
Sea for more than a quarter of a century. 
In 1783 these battles for the Freedom 
of the Seas began. For a long time the 
Dey and his followers had much the 
better of it. Practically every nation 
whose seamen ventured to carry pro- 
duce in the Mediterranean paid tribute 
to the pirates of Algiers. They had waxed 
fat and arrogant on their spoils. The in- 
fant merchant marine of the United States 
of America had not been exempt. The 
Dey and his partners in crime, the Bey 
of TripoH, the Emperor of Morocco, and 
Hamouda Pasha of Tunis had man- 
aged to conclude " satisfactory treaties " 
with the new nation of the West. In 
1794 the United States paid to the Dey 
of Algiers, self-styled the " Shadow of 
God," $642,500 in cash, and agreed to 
pay $21,000 in naval stores annually for 
the release of American seamen who 
had been ten years in captivity as host- 
ages for the payment of like huge sums. 
This annual payment of tribute kept 
* Concluded from January Magazine. 

up for some ten or fifteen years. The 
pirates became bolder and bolder, and 
the United States was once more busy 
with its task of emphasizing its state- 
ments to the British by means of war- 
fare. The new American Navy was 
likewise too busy to attend to the pirates, 
but their hour was near. 

The first hindrance they found to 
their career of piracy was the visit of 
Commodore Stephen Decatur in 1804 to 
destroy the Philadelphia, then captive in 
the Bay of Tripoli. The naval exploit 
he performed there is a golden page of 
American naval history, and space does 
not permit its repetition here. The daunt- 
less Decatur and his brave men accom- 
plished their purpose and a few days 
later Somers added another lasting mem- 
ory to the American Navy in the feat 
of the Intrepid. 

The beginning of the War of 1812 
stopped the war on the Barbary pirates 
for a time. They still maintained their 
system of annoying American merchant- 
men. True, American commerce was 
reduced almost to a nonentity and the 
pirates found " poor pickings " so far as 
the Americans were concerned. But the 
Americans were not through with them 
and, as peace with Great Britain appeared 
oyer the horizon of war. Uncle Sam 
put his mind on the pirate problem 




and concluded to eradicate this evil 
with the aid of his new force of right- 
eousness, " The American Navy." 

Five days after peace had been pro- 
claimed with England, President Madi- 
son recommended a declaration of war 
against Algiers. Congress approved 
this act on March 3d, " for the protec- 
tion of the commerce of the United 
States against the Algerine cruisers." 
A few skirmishes took place until one 
fine afternoon the Dey of Algiers found 
at the very gates of his palace, with 
bristling guns trained on its beauties, a 
rude American squadron, veterans of 
battles famous in history, commanded 
by Commodore Bainbridge. On board 
was a brusque and unwelcome naval 
diplomat, Stephen Decatur, now Com- 
modore, the hero of the Philadelphia's 
sinking some years before. 

Commodore Decatur did not waste 
many words on the " Shadow of God." 
He informed him in succinct language 
that lie had come to make a treaty, sug- 
gestively pointing to the squadron riding 
at anchor as he did so. The pirate fleet 
was at sea seeking prey, and the poor 
harassed Dey saw no escape. 

Decatur added that in this treaty 
there w^as to be : " no stipulation for pay- 
ing any tribute to Algiers under any 
form whatever will be agreed to." The 
outraged son of Mohammed asked for 
time to consider this abrupt demand. 
" Not a minute," said Decatur, and he 
intimated politely that he was there to 
put into realization Pinckney's famous 
defiance, " Millions for defence, but not 
one cent for tribute." These immortal 
words had sounded the doom of piracy 
in the world even though its final death 
agony was not had until 1918, when 
the dishonored German U-boats crept 
sullenly between the silent lines of 
the Allied fleets. 

Perhaps the Dey realized that De- 
catur longed to operate his guns on the 
palace. At all events, he signed the 
treaty before luncheon. He tried after- 
wards to repudiate this American-made 
treaty, making the ludicrous claim that 
it was not " practical." However, 
American diplomatists, as well as a 
healthy fear of American naval guns, 
forced him to reaffirm the treaty when 
he was visited by Commodore Chauncey, 
U. S. N., and from that day to this the 
Barbary pirates have been impotent in 
evil. The lesson learned then, that the 
American Navy is a mighty aid to treaty 
making and " keeping," has not been 
forgotten by the American people. 

No more peace treaties of any conse- 
quence occurred until the treaty of 
Guadalupe Hidalgo at the close of the 
Mexican War. But several important 
international documents of treaty be- 
tween the United States and other 
nations were signed. Prominent among 
these was in 1819, by which Spain ceded 
Florida to the United States. At the 
same time the western boundary of 
Louisiana was determined and we sur- 
rendered any claim we might have to 
the Texas country, and Spain gave up 
all claim upon land north of the 42d 
parallel. Spain ratified this treaty in 
1821. About this time a step of far- 
reaching importance was taken in the 
promulgation of what is now known as 
the " Monroe Doctrine." This policy 
had as its principal elements the follow- 
ing propositions : 

1. That any attempt on the part of 
the European powers to extend their 
system on this hemisphere would be 
regarded as an unfriendly act, and 

2. That ihe American continents 
" were no longer to be considered as 
subjects for future colonization by any 
European power." This action was 



taken in 1823, and the following year 
Russia entered into a treaty with us in 
which she agreed not to claim territory 
south of 54° 40', the present southern 
boundary of Alaska. This decision of 
the American people in the early days 
of its history, to assert and maintain the 
leadership that the people believed both 
nature and history has assigned to 
them on the two continents, is of the 
utmost interest to-day when the coming 
Peace Conference may attempt to throw 
into the discard both the Monroe Doc- 
trine and our time-honored policy of 
non-interference in European political 
and national destinies. Certainly the 
recent confederation of the states of 
South and Central America in a sympa- 
thetic alliance in the Pan - American 
Union makes almost certain for many 
generations the practical application 
of the Monroe Doctrine. 

The need for expansion was the prin- 
cipal cause that led the United States 
into its next conflict^the Mexican 
War, which began in 1846, on May 13th. 
and lasted until a treaty of peace was 
concluded and ratified on July 4, 1848. 
The people of Texas, then an indepen- 
dent province, had asked for annexation 
to the growing republic on the north. 
A dispute over the boundaries arose 
with Mexico who did not wish to easily 
part with this vast territory. In the 
clearer light of after history it can be 
seen that it was all a part of our natural 
destiny and the undisputed possession 
of the continent. 

New Mexico and California were the 
first fruits of the war. This was fol- 
lowed in 1847 by the victory of Vera 
Cruz by the Americans under General 
Winfield Scott. The Mexicans fought 
valiantly, but in vain. After the cap- 
ture of Vera Cruz General Scott began 
immediately to advance against Mexico 

City, following the path Cortez had 
taken three hundred years before. 

President Polk had commissioned 
Nicholas P. Trist of Virginia, chief clerk 
of the Department of State, to accom- 
pany General Scott's army and take 
charge of any negotiations that might 
develop between the armies. Mexican 
cabinet members met Mr. Trist — who 
seems to have been the Colonel House 
of the period — in August, 1847, and ten- 
tative terms of peace were talked over. 
The Mexicans insisted that the Ameri- 
can armies withdraw and that the inter- 
national boundary be the Neuces River, 
instead of the Rio Grande. As Mr. 
Trist had been commissioned to de- 
mand the cession of New Mexico and 
the Californias, to establish the Rio 
Grande as the boundary between Texas 
and the Mexican repubhc, no conclusion 
could be reached, and after a brief armis- 
tice hostilities broke out with renewed 

Within a month the Americans gained 
the great victory of the Heights of 
Chapultepec which were stormed and 
the city of Mexico taken. This defeat 
brought the Mexicans into a more 
amenable frame of mind and peace nego- 
tiations were resumed. 

The Peace Commissioners were Mr. 
Nicholas Trist, representing the Ameri- 
can Government, and Don Luis Gon- 
zaga, Don Miguel Atristian and Don 
Bernardo Conto representing the Mexi- 
can Government. On February 2, 1848, 
an agreement was reached. Under the 
terms of the treaty which is called the 
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, the Rio 
Grande and the Gila were to be the 
boundary between Texas and Mexico, 
while the Mexican states of Upper 
California and New Mexico were to 
be purchased by the United States 
for $15,000,000. After much heated 



argument the Senate ratified the treaty 
on July 4, 1848. 

Of course, much more than the states 
of California and New Mexico were 
acquired by this treaty for they included 
what is now known as California and 
Nevada, the bulk of Arizona and New 
Mexico and part of Wyoming and 

The Mexican War was one of the 
most remarkable wars of our history. 
We fought every pitched battle. For 
nearly two hundred miles General Scott 
and his intrepid pioneers wrested strong- 
hold after stronghold from vastly superior 
forces in a country containing many 
natural defensive positions. 

Unlike the War of 1812, this war was 
fought with trained military leaders at 
the heads of the armies. It was the 
training ground for many of the Civil 
War leaders who received then their 
first practical lessons in military art. 
Of this number were Ulysses S. Grant 
and Robert E. Lee who served in sub- 
ordinate positions, both with credit. It 
was a party war, like the War of 1812, 
and not popular in all parts of the coun- 
try, and the conclusion of peace occa- 
sioned a great deal of thankfulness. 

In all, the Mexican War added to the 
territory of the United States. more than 
875,000 square miles. In 1853 a still 
further acquisition of Mexican territory, 
47,330 square miles south of the Gila 
River, was obtained by purchase at a 
cost of $10,000,000. This was known 
as the Gadsden Purchase and the Gads- 
den Treaty. 

The reasons for the next American 
war, the war with Spain in 1898, are 
Avell known to practically every living 
American. Like our entrance into the 
European conflict of 1914-1918, now 
happily suspended for the moment, the 
Spanish-American War was fought for 

an ideal by Americans. Furthermore, 
it was in protection of the Monroe Doc- 
trine, which denied European countries 
the right of encroachment or tyranny 
towards their subjects in this part of 
the world. 

The plight of poor little Cuba, at the 
mercy of an autocratic system of long- 
distance government by Spain that had 
some of the features of the Inquisition, 
aroused the pity and indignation of the 
American people. President McKinley 
on April 11, 1898, asked Congress to 
empower him " to take necessary meas- 
ures," and the country, in a blaze of 
resentment over the destruction of the 
U. S. S. Maine in Havana Harbor, backed 
up Congress when it gave the Presi- 
dent this authority. The Spanish min- 
ister thereupon demanded his passports 
and the American minister in Madrid 
received his before he could present the 
American ultimatum. 

The first American blow was the de- 
struction of the Spanish fleet in the 
harbor of Manila, Philippine Islands, 
on May 1st, by an American squadron 
under command of Commodore George 
Dewey, later Admiral of the Navy. 
This victory cost Spain her Eastern 
dependencies and made the United 
States of America a world power. The 
battle of Santiago destroyed the re- 
mainder of the Spanish fleet on July 3d. 
The city soon surrendered to General 
Shafter. After this there was little seri- 
ous fighting. With hardly any oppo- 
sition an American army landed in 
Porto Rico and took the island. 

With the treaty of peace that fol- 
lowed, known as the Treaty of Paris, 
which was signed on December 10, 1898, 
the political power of the Pacific was 
significantly shifted. The United States 
annexed Hawaii and found herself in 
possession of the Ladrone Islands with 



a coaling station on Guam Island. 
Moreover, she equipped a naval station 
on Tutuila, the farthest of the three 
larger islands of the Samoa group. 

The preliminary treaty was signed in 
the Cabinet Room of the White House 
after the good offices of Jules Cambon, 
the French Minister who signed for 
Spain on August 12, 1898. The defini- 
tive treaty signed on December 10, 1898, 
consisted of seventeen long articles. 
The following well-known Americans 
acted as Peace Commissioners : Wil- 
liam R. Day, Secretary of State under 
President McKinley, Hon. Cushman K. 
Davis, Senator William P. Frye, Judge 
George Gray, and Hon. Whitelaw Reid. 

By the terms of the preliminary treaty 
it was provided that : 

1. Spain relinquish all claims for sov- 
ereignty over and title to Cuba, Porto 
Rico, and other Spanish islands in the 
West Indies, and that an island in the 
Ladrones, to be selected by the United 
States, be ceded to the United States. 

2. That the United States occupy, 
and hold the city, bay, and harbor of 
Manila, pending the conclusion of a 
treaty of peace that shall determine the 
control, disposition and government of 
the Philippine Islands. 

3. That Cuba, PortO' Rico, and other 
Spanish islands in the West Indies shall 
be immediately evacuated, and commis- 
sioners appointed within ten days who 
shall within thirty days of the signing 
of the protocol meet at Havana and 
San Juan to arrange and execute the 
details of the evacuation. 

4. That the United States of America 
and Spain immediately appoint not 
more than five commissioners to nego- 
tiate and conclude a treaty of peace. 
The commissioners to meet at Paris not 
later than October 1st. 

5. That on signing the protocol. 

hostilities will be suspended and notice to 
that effect to be given as soon as possi- 
ble by each government to the com- 
manders of its militar}^ and naval forces. 

The French Minister, Monsieur Jules 
Cambon, stated at the time, " It will 
ever be the honor of my life to have 
collaborated with the President of the 
United States in the work of restoring 
peace between two countries both of 
which are the friends of France." 

The definitive treaty concluded in 
Paris embarked this nation on a career 
of what is sometimes called " imperial- 
ism," and often with feeling " The 
White Man's Burden." In managing 
the insular possessions that have come 
to this nation as the result of the Span- 
ish-American War it has been the aim of 
American leaders to maintain a policy 
based on unselfish service. Certainly 
good schools, honest government and a 
new chance in the world have come to 
the Philippines through the American 
occupation. Yellow fever was stamped 
out of Cuba and the occupied islands 
of the West Indies and other material 
benefits followed the Star Spangled 

By the terms of the treaty, Spain 
ceded to the United States the Philippine 
Islands, the Island of Guam (one of the 
Ladrones), and the island of Porto 
Rico, and withdrew from Cuba, which 
was to be protected by the United 
States forces. The United States agreed 
to pay Spain $20,000,000 to reimburse 
her for money spent in the Philippines. 
It is of interest in these days, following 
the greatest conflict of mankind, to note 
that the Spanish-American War cost 
the United States in casualties 279 
killed, 1465 wounded, and $141,000,000. 

Coming down to the peace conference 
of 1919, it may be stated that the com- 
position of the peace ambassadors and 



the aims of the peace conference from 
the American viewpoint are unique in 
some respects in our national history. 

In the first place, it is the first time 
in a century and more of treaty making 
than an American President has ever 
served as a treaty maker. 

Secondly, the acceptance by the Presi- 
dent of this responsibiUty has led to the 
setting aside of an unwritten law^ that 
presidents do not leave United States 

Thirdly, it is the first time in history 
that so many as fourteen major issues 
have been the subject of discussion at 
peace conference tables. The Revolu- 
tionary peace treaty revolved around 
four or five salient features and so on 
down the list. It wall be of great his- 
toric interest to see what issues are 
finally considered necessary to treaty 

Summarized, the " fourteen points " 
the President packed away in his travel- 
ling grip as he left the United States 
were : 

1. Open covenants of peace and no 
more secret diplomacy. 

2. The Freedom of the Seas. 

3. The removal of economic and trade 
barriers between nations. 

4. The reduction of national arma- 

5. Adjustment of the colonial claims 
of the nations. 

6. The settlement of the Russian 
question on an unselfish basis. 

7. The restoration of Belgium. 

8. The restoration of x\lsace-Lorraine. 

9. Readjustment of the frontiers of 

10. Autonomy of Austria-Hungary. 

11. Solution of the Balkan question. 

12. Autonomy of Turkish depen- 

13. Establishment of an independent 
Polish state. 

14. League of Nations to secure 
political independence and territorial 
integrity to great and small nations alike. 

President Wilson, in one of his ad- 
dresses on peace, has said : " The test, 
therefore, of every plan of peace is this : 
' Is it based upon the faith of all the 
peoples involved or merely upon the 
word of an ambitious and intriguing 
government on the one hand, and of a 
group of free peoples, on the other. 
This is a test that goes to the root of the 
matter; and it is the test which must 
be applied.' " 

Upon the Treaty of Paris of 1919 the 
future happiness of the whole world 
depends. Americans gazing overseas 
and listening to the rumbles of de- 
bate that come from the historic cham- 
bers of Versailles, where most of the 
deliberations are to be held, may 
catch a bit of the fateful interest of 
these treaty-making days, for as the 
peace-makers build now, so will be 
the world for generations to come. 
It is a gigantic task — the most stupen- 
dous labor of the time and one that will 
prove whether the blood of American 
heroes has or has not been shed in vain. 



By Major Fred J. Wood, U. S. Corps of Engineers 

Member New England Historic-Genealogical Society, American 
Society of Civil Engineers, Sons of the American Revolution 

|HE Philadelphia and Lancaster 
Turnpike, previous to the year 
1714 a rough path known as the 
" Great Conestoga Road," con- 
nected the settlements in the 

Conestoga and Sus- 
quehanna valleys 
with the parent set- 
tlement at Philadel- 
p h i a . Lancaster 
was unknown in 
those days and the 
" Great " road ran 
considerably south 
of the site of that 

In the old days 
the status of roads 
was indicated by the 
designation of 
"King's Highway" 
or the failure to 
designate at all. 
Roads thus de- 
scribed were those 
which had been laid 
out by the Gover- 
nor and Provincial Council while the com- 
mon roads were the creations of minor 

* This series commenced in the January, 1919, 

Courtesy of A. W. Ciowoll 


officials. Of the latter class must have 
been the " Great Conestoga Road " which 
undoubtedly grew from an old trail. 

In 1730 the new town of Lancaster 
felt the need of communication and a 
petition was made 
for a "King's High- 
way thence to 
P h i 1 a d e 1 p hi a." 
Such a road was 
completed, after 
many delays, about 
1741 and it must 
have been a poor 
production of roy- 
alty, for even in 
those days com- 
plaint was iheard of 
its crooked course. 
In 1767 an attempt 
was made to 
straighten the new 
road on principles 
which later proved 
the undoing of 
MONocASY ON THE niauy turnpike 


projects. On the 
rule that a straight line measures the 
shortest distance between two points, a 
surveyed line was marked on the ground 
which extended straight from one 




terminal of the road to the other, and The early travel was very great, the tolls 

studies were made as to the feasibility often totalling- twenty-five to thirty dollars 

of rebuilding the road on that line. The daily, and the collections for the nine 

committee, to whom this question was years ending in August, 1827, when the 

submitted, concluded that it was not bridge was made free, amounted to 

practicable to build in an absolutely $22,060.98yo. 

straight line on account of the steep 
grades which w'ould be met on the vari- 
ous hills, but they recommended the 
location of a new road Avith but little 
variation from it. Nothing appears to 
have been done in consequence of this 
report and the old " King's Highw^ay " 
remained a very poor road, for we have 
records that in 1773 it was dangerous on 
account of the stumps still in it. Agita- 
tion was renewed soon after the close 
of the Revolutionary AVar anc* a reso- 
lution was introduced in the Assembly 
of Pennsylvania about 1786 looking to 
the building of the new and improved 

The first result of the agitation was 
authority granted September 22, 1787, 
to Albert Witmer to build a toll-bridge 
over Conestoga Creek on the King's 
Highway. This bridge, promptly erected 
of wood, later connected parts of the 
turnpike and soon proved inadequate. It 

was replaced in 

1800 by a stone 
structure five 
hundred and 
forty feet long, 
nineteen feet 
wide, and con- 
sisting of nine 
semicircul ar 
arches, the 
highest in t h e 
middle with 
the roadway 
rising to it from 
either side. 
This bridge is 
still in service. 



It was beyond the power of the 
assembly to devise means by which the 
finances for the desired road could, be 
provided and the puzzle was finally 
solved by leaving the matter for private 
investment by a corporation formed for 
business purposes. As stated in our 
January number, business corporations 
were unknown at that time, and in the 
newly formed United States, and state 
governments no power existed possess- 
ing the prerogatives of the Crown to 
issue charters for such purposes. It is 
interesting to note in the case of the 
Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike 
Company that an act of the assembly 
gave the governor power to incorporate 
the company. The charter was issued 
April 9, 1792, and appointed ten com- 
missioners, of whom Abraham, 
the builder of the bridge, was one, who 
should receive subscriptions for the 
capital stock of the company at three 
— - hundred dol- 

lars a share. 
The books were 
to be opened 
in the cities of 
and Lancaster 
on a date pre- 
viously adver- 
tised. Great 
eagerness t o 
subscribe w a s 
anticipated and 
no one was to 
be allowed to 
buv more than 



one share of stock on the first day, but 
two could be bought on the second, while 
the lid flew off after the third day of sub- 
scriptions. Thirty dollars down was re- 
quired on each share. Six hundred were 
to be sold in Philadelphia and four hun- 
dred in Lancaster. 

The most minute details of business 
management and methods were pre- 
scribed in the charter, nearly all of 
which are now a matter of custom. 
For instance, the managers of the com- 
pany were required in the charter to 
have " written or printed certificates for 
shares of stock," and to issue the same 
to those subscribing and making the 
initial payments. They were also author- 
ized to engage employees and agree 
with them as to their wages. All of 
which seems very strange and needless 
unless we remember that this was 
almost the first business corporation 
and that too much detail could not be 
given in defining its powers to act. To 
give it the powers and privileges of an 
individual while limiting its liability to 
the corporation property, it was neces- 
sary to so state in no uncertain terms. 

The corporation was given the rights 
of eminent domain, for the road, pro- 
viding for the good of the greater num- 
ber, could not be obstructed in the 
landed interest of one. So it was allowed 
to enter upon any land needed for the 
location of the road and to dig and remove 
material for construction from adjacent 
land, for all of which proper compensa- 
tion was to be made. 

Permanent bridges were to be built 
over all intersected water courses. The 
road was to be laid out fifty feet wide, 
of which a wadth of twenty-one feet was 
to be bedded with suitable hard sub- 
stance and faced with gravel or stone 
pounded in such a manner as to secure 
a firm and even surface rising towards 

the middle by a gradual arch. As fast 
as each ten miles of the road were com- 
pleted toll might be collected thereon. 
Mile stones, whose quaint outlines and 
letterings are still to be observed beside 
so many of our old roads, were required 
in the charter to be set along the bor- 
ders from the Schuylkill to the Conestoga. 

Apparently the anticipated eagerness 
to subscribe was well advised, for the 
four hundred shares allotted to Lan- 
caster were taken by one o'clock of the 
5th of June, 1792, and an observer 
wrote : 

" I have never seen men so wet with 
sweat in an harvest field, as some were 
in the crowd to-day, to subscribe to the 
Turnpike Road." 

Great enthusiasm over the enterprise 
is recorded and the stock was much 
over subscribed. 

The road was practically finished in 
1794 and open for travel, but much fin- 
ishing work continued upon it even 
through 1796 in which year it became 
necessary to raise additional capital to 
complete the details. When completed 
the road was remarkable for its direct 
line from initial to terminal point, but 
many angles and curves were later 
forced into it by various improvements 
along its borders. Many sections of the 
King's Highway, rich in Colonial his- 
tory, were occupied by the turnpike 
when they fell within the charmed area 
of the " direct " route, and many sec- 
tions of the turnpike in turn gave place 
to the construction in 1834 of the State 
Railroad now a part of the Pennsylvania 

Nine toll-gates were erected from 
three to ten miles apart at which tolls 
were assessed by the mile. The last 
gate was on Witmer's Bridge over the 
Conestoga Creek in Lancaster at which 




the toll for sixty-one miles of travel 
was collected. At the other gates the 
collection was based on the distance 
through each gate between the adjacent 
half-way points to the next gates. 

The list of tolls was very coiniplete, 
containing forty-six items, empty wag- 
ons passing at one-half the rate of 
loaded ones of the same size. Disputes 
were evidently expected as the toll list 
went into detail regarding mixed teams, 
providing that two oxen should be con- 
sidered as equivalent to one horse, and 
that a mule and a horse should pay 
equal toll. A percentage was added to 
all tolls during the winter months. The 
rates of toll are especially interesting 
for the scientific graduation established 
for the various widths of wagon tires, 
and consideration given to cases in 
which the rear wheels followed a differ- 
ent path from that of the front ones. 
The following table illustrating this 
feature has been compiled. 

Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike 

Rates of Toll in Cents per Mile for Diflferent 
Widths of Tires. 

Number of Horses 

Every Cart or Wagon| 
other than Market Cart' 1 
or Wagon with wheels: 

(1) Not exceeding four 
inches 2% 

(2) Exceeding four 
inches and not ex- 
ceeding seven, or 
which being four^ 
shall roll seven 
inches 1 

(3) Exceeding seven, 
inches and not ex- 
ceeding ten, or' 
which being seven 
shall roll ten inches. 

(4) Exceeding ten inches 
and not exceeding 
twelve, or which be- 
ing ten shall roll 
twelve inches j 

(5) Exceeding twelvel 
inches or which be-' 
ing twelve shall roll 
fifteen inches 
















In a letter from the president of the 
corporation, which was read to the 
Pennsylvania assembly, it was stated 




that the expense to 1797 had l)een 
$444,753.72 to which were to be added 
certain unpaid obHgations estimated to 
amount to $8000, and the cost of the 
bridge over Brandywine Creek. In 1808 
an official report gave the total cost as 
$465,000. For over seventy years the 
full sixty-two miles of this turnpike 
served the public in return for the tolls 
assessed and no estimate can be made 
of the great value and assistance it 
rendered in the opening and settlement 
of the new regions westward. Exten- 
sions were promptly built by other 
companies and ultimately even Pitts- 
burgh was reached by toll-road facilities. 
Although some of the original turnpike 
has been occupied by the railroad the 
general route can be followed through- 
out to-day, much of the way over the 
actual old road itself. 

The charm of old inns with tales of 
weddings and gay parties of olden time, 
yes, even the inevitable ghost, is found 
connected with the " Lancaster Pike." 

Judge Landis, in his " Places Along the 
Way," among the papers of the Lan- 
caster Historical Society, has well de- 
scribed those features and to him we 
will leave that field of effort. 

Market Street in Philadelphia west of 
the Schuylkill River was a part of the old 
road and yielded toll through the first 
nine months of 1867 after which the east- 
ern three miles became free. In 1876 
Coatesville finally succeeded in raising 
one dollar, with which the turnpike within 
that borough's limits was purchased. In 
1880 much of the road passed out of 
corporation ownership, leaving only the 
section between Coatesville and Exton. 
That was made free about 1901. Hav- 
ing no more road to operate and no 
further reason for its existence the cor- 
poration, upon its own petition dated in 
February, 1902, was dissolved. 

In 1905 York Road in Philadelphia 
was still a turnpike with three toll-gates 
within the city limits, but at the close 
of that year the gates were abolished 






and the road became free. Many hun- 
dred miles of toll roads still exist in 
Pennsylvania, the objects of much criti- 
cism and abuse. But they should be 
judged leniently, for we should not for- 
get that they stood in the place of rail- 
roads long ago, and that but for their 
assistance the development of our coun- 
try would have been much slower. The 
tribute of respect, too, should be paid 
to the men who courageously risked 
their dollars and their strength to pro- 
vide those roads for the public good. It 
was well known in the early days that 
turnpikes were a poor investment and 
much public spirit must have been evi- 
dent in their promotion. 

Turnpike construction followed rapidly 
after the opening of the Lancaster Road 
and by 1808 an extensive system was in 
operation, the investment in New York 
State alone amounting to nearly five 
million dollars divided among sixty- 

seven companies and providing over 
three thousand miles of roads. But 
such investment was only made in the 
older and settled communities when the 
chance existed of realizing at least a 
small return on the investment. In the 
regions just opened for settlement dif- 
ferent problems were met and in this 
connection let us give brief attention to 
an effort of the National Government. 

Settlement of the Ohio region was 
retarded by lack of transportation facili- 
ties. Navigation was practicable for 
certain distances along the Potomac in 
the east and down the Monongahela 
and Ohio rivers in the west, but over 
the Alleghany Mountains there was a 
broad expanse of wilderness where only 
the single file of Indian marchers and 
later of pack horses had penetrated, and 
the moving of the necessary equip- 
ment for comfortable homes was impos- 
sible. The road cut out by the army 



under General Braddock to the site of 
Pittsburgh in 1755 remained for sixty 
years the only route through southwest- 
ern Pennsylvania. The region tra- 
versed was so sparsely settled that the 
most the few inhabitants could do was 
to keep the path clear of fallen trees, 
and as travel increased the road grew 
worse and worse until it could no longer 
be considered a road at all. 

One of the first acts of the citizens of 
the new State of Ohio was a vote to 
accept the proposition of the United 
States that a certain portion of the 
money received from the sale of public 
lands should be devoted to the construc- 
tion of roads connecting the navigable 
waters of the Atlantic slope with those of 
the Ohio valley. Consequently, in 1806, 
Senator Uriah Tracy of Connecticut 
brought the matter before Congress, re- 
porting that land sales had amounted to 
over six hundred and thirty thousand 
dollars and recommending that an appro- 
priation be made of fifty thousand dol- 
lars for a road from Cumberland, Mary- 
land, to Wheeling on the Ohio River. 
Only thirty thousand dollars was ap- 
propriated at that time, but surveys 
were made and the feasibility and ex- 
tent of the task were determined. 

In 1810 work was actually begun and 
Wheeling was reached in December, 
1820, and the Mississippi River in the 
early thirties, successive appropriations 
having been made for such extension. 
With the eastern terminus of this road 
at Cumberland on the Potomac River, 
the traffic was left to find its own way 
to the sea-coast which it naturally would 
do down the river. Baltimore early 
awoke to the desirability of diverting 
this traffic to her own markets and 
strove to secure it. 

Alreadv the Baltimore and Frederick 

turnpike offered its services as far west 
as Boonesborough and its owners were 
willing to extend it a little farther, but 
the rough unopened country west of 
the Big Conococheague Creek presented 
too m,any difficulties. 

The opportunity came in 1812 when 
the charters of many of the Maryland 
state banks expired and renewal was 
sought. Opposition to the renewal was 
made until a compromise was effected 
by which the banks of Baltimore, Hag- 
erstown, and Allegany secured their 
charter extensions to November 1, 1835, 
provided that they should form a cor- 
poration to build a turnpike from Cum- 
berland to the west bank of Big Cono- 
cocheague Creek. The corporation was 
finally formed and a contract was made 
with John Davis to build the road for 
$460,000, or about $7930 a mile, which 
proved a bad venture for Mr. Davis. A 
gap was thus left between Big Conoco- 
cheague, which is about six miles west 
of Hagerstown, and Boonesborough 
which was to be filled by an extension 
of the Baltimore and Frederick turn- 
pike as a private investment. But pri- 
vate money held aloof and that section 
of the road was also built by the banks, 
in return for which another nine years 
of corporate life was allowed them. So 
of what is commonly known as the 
" Old National Road " that part east of 
Cumberland was not " national " at all, 
but was built by business corporations 
which endeavored to make of their road 
a business success. Just the opposite 
was the character of the road west of 
Cumberland. No tolls were collected 
on that portion until after 1834 when 
the various states had accepted the gift 
of the road and subsequently endeav- 
ored by collecting tolls to make it self- 

The last tolls collected on the section 



cast of the Ohio River were taken in 
1878, but west of that stream the road, 
which may easily be seen on the maps 
by its long straight course, remained 
subject to toll well into the twentieth 

A deal of romantic interest hovers 
over the old " Cumberland Road," and 
much has been written of it. Passing 
as it did through unopened country and 
over a precipitous mountain range, it 
possessed features unknown to other 

" Some of the passes through the 
Alleghanies were as precipitous as any 
in the Sierra Nevada, and the mountains 
were as wild. Within a mile of the road 
the country was a wilderness, but on 
the highw^ay the traffic was as dense 
and as continuous as in the main street 
of a large town." * 

The traffic was like a frieze with an 
endless procession of figures. There 
were sometimes sixteen gaily painted 
coaches each way a day, and one could 
never 1 .ok along the road without see- 
ing a drove of cattle or sheep, while the 
canvas covered wagons, with bows of 
bells over their horses' collars, travelled 
in groups of which one or more was 
always in view. The mail stages fre- 
quently covered the distance of twenty- 
six miles between Frederick and 
Hagerstown in two hours, and the 
through freight wagons from Baltimore 
to Wheeling made nearly as good time. 
The largest of the latter were mam- 
moth affairs, capable of carrying ten 
tons and drawn by twelve horses. The 
rear wheels, ten feet high, had tires a 
foot broad. 

♦"The Old National Pike," Harper's 
Monthh for November, 1879. 

Once more we have called attention 
to an old road whose historic interest 
and one-time economic value render it 
deserving of perpetual record. This 
road is quite well known. May it ever 
remain so. Let us forget the different 
methods by which it was financed and 
consider it as one road, which it was to 
the travellers. 

Its eastern terminus was well within 
the city of Baltimore at the corner of 
Frederick Avenue and Baltimore Street. 
Thence it followed Frederick Avenue 
and the road to EUicott City, passing 
thence to Frederick in a direct lins. 
According to a tablet seen in the latter 
city, Barbara Freitchie's house stood on 
the old turnpike where the little river 
now passes under the bridge in the 
heart of the town. From Frederick to 
Hagerstown the road curved northwest- 
erly, then bore westerly again across 
the Big Conococheague Creek, turning 
square to the left at the end of the long 
stone bridge to climb the high bank. 
Clear Spring was the next village, which 
to-day looks as if the stages might come 
at the next moment. Through Hancock, 
Cumberland, Uniontown, and Browns- 
ville in Pennsylvania, the road went on 
its way to Wheeling. Thence straight lO 
the Mississippi, through Chillicothe and 
other towns which grew up along the 
road, the turnpike completed its mission. 

Are not the old roads which contributed 
so much to the growth and prosperity of 
our country deserving of a lasting place 
in history? Believing that they are we 
shall, in the next few numbers, call atten- 
tion to many of our country roads, begun 
as turnpikes, but whose history is fast 
slipping away. 

(To be continued) 


Records of war service by States and Chapters tersely told. 

Is your work listed here? All information supplied through 


Publicity Director, War Relief Service Committee, N. S. D. A. R. 

Wyoming. Sheridan Chapter, Sheridan, re- 
ceiving endorsement from the commanding 
officer at Fort Logan, Colo., to compile a com- 
plete and detailed record of the men entering 
the service from Sheridan County, has done 
most faithful work collecting the following 
items of information concerning each man in 
service: 1. Name and nationality. 2. Place of 
enlistment or draft. 3. Date of enlistment or 
draft. 4. Branch of service. 5. Rank and sub- 
sequent promotions. 6. Last known address. 
7. Honorable discharge and cause of same. 8. 
Casualties, (a) died of disease at cantonment 
or overseas, (b) died of accident, (c) wounded 
in action, (d) died of wounds, (e) killed in 
action. 9. Married or single. 10. Name of 
parents, and, if living, their present address. 
11. Special honors received or medals con- 
ferred upon him. 

Missouri. Missouri Daughters are col- 
lecting all the discarded crutches from store- 
rooms and attics for reconstruction work. They 
have also a fund for reconstruction work. 

District of Columbia. Two District Daugh- 
ters holding positions of great trust abroad 
were Miss Ethel Mae Murray, who served as 
secretary to Maj. Murphy, and Miss Mary B. 
Wright, treasurer-accountant of Gen. Pershing. 

Florida. In Florida, a War Secretary has 

been appointed in the chapters. It is her duty 
to keep records of all war work done. 

Iowa. Lydia Alden Chapter, of Spencer, 
has given $100 for the D. A. R. Loan, $40 more 
than its apportionment, to help Iowa " over the 
top " in this national war work. Cumberland 
Valley Chapter, of Ida Grove, 22 members, have 
raised and sent $400 for a poultry farm in 
France; the Chapter has also raised $600 for 
Tilloloy Fund. 

Massachusetts. Boston Tea Party Chapter 
has expended $2300 for France and Allied 

The War Relief Service Committee, N. S. 
D. A. R., has issued Bulletin 41A to state re- 
gents and 41B to chapter regents in the form 
of questionnaires for the entire war work 
record of the Daughters. The President-Gen- 
eral has included in the consignment a letter 
urging every state and chapter regent to 
answer these questions as accuratelj' and com- 
pletely as possible, and to return blanks 
promptly, as the completeness of the war work 
report to the Twenty-eighth Continental Con- 
gress depends on the cooperation of every 
chapter and state regent. May we not have 
every state, Cuba, the Orient, Honolulu and 
Argentina represented in this record of the 

war work of the National Society? 












[HE Elizabeth Sherman Reese 
Chapter (Lancaster, O.) now 
has among its members a Real 
Daughter, namely, Mrs. Maria 
Storts Allen. 

She was born on August 4, 
at Bear Run, near New Lexing- 
ton, Ohio. She later moved to New 
Lexington, where she now resides. 
She was married at her mother's home 
in Perry County on November 30, 1862, 
the Rev. Fraamson officiating. 

Her grandfather was drafted into 

Revolutionary service, but, owing to the 

fact that he was much needed at home, 

his son John Jacob (Mrs. Allen's 


father) took his place. John Jacob 
Storts enlisted very young, being 
only thirteen years of age, at Red Hill, 
Pennsylvania, as matross, under 
Captain Fickle, General Washington 

He was married twice and his second 
wife was Mary Ann Burkhead. To this 
union was born Mrs. Maria Storts Allen, 
Mrs. Lucy Drake of Boscabel, Wiscon- 
sin, and Mr. Abram Storts. 

Mrs. Allen is a very lovely old lady 
and we are indeed proud to have her 
with us. 
(Mrs.) Blanche M. McManamy, 



The twenty-fifth general meeting of Connec- 
ticut Daughters of the American Revolution 
was held at historic Center Church, Hartford, 
November 22, 1918. Liberty triumphant was the 
keynote of the program, yet, along with the 
rejoicing, every speaker reminded the audience 
that ahead of us are great problems and much 
work in the process of reconstruction. 

Ruth Wyllys Chapter was hostess of the occa- 
sion. After the singing of "The Star Spangled 
Banner " and the invocation by Rev. Rockwell 
Harmon Potter, D.D., Miss Florence S. M. 
Crofut, Regent, welcomed the guests. 

The State Regent, Mrs. John Laidlaw Buel, 
thanked the Chapter for its hospitality and 
commended it for high record in all lines of 
memorial, patriotic and educational work. ATrs. 
Buel urged that there be no lapse in the work 
of restoring the French village of Tilloloy, the 
support of French orphans, the raising of con- 
tributions for the Red Cross and United War 

At the close of the State Regent's address the 
audience sang the Connecticut state song, after 
which Mayor Richard J. Kinsella, of Hartford, 
and his Excellency, Marcus H. Holcomb, Gov- 
ernor of Connecticut, offered greetings. 

Governor Holcomb said that our ideals have 
been tested for four years and we can have 
special pride in the part our state and country 
have taken in the war. 

Mr. George S. Godard, State Librarian, was 
the next speaker. He said there was a time 
when each locality was a world unto itself, but 
now communities are interrelated. He urged 
the keeping of records as an inspiration to our 
descendants to do their part when their country 

The Council of Defense voted that a depart- 
ment of historical records be established. Mr. 
Godard is director, Mrs. Sara T. Kinney and 
Mrs. George M. Minor are advisory commit- 
tee. Mrs. Minor was appointed to draft the 
memorial card to be used by this department. 

Mrs. Edwin Young sang " In France a Voice 
is Calling." 

In the absence of Mrs. Morgan G. Bulkeley, 
Chairman of Connecticut Woman's Liberty 
Loan Committee, Mrs. Starr C. Barnum, of 
Danbury, read her brief address. It stated that 

of the $95,000,000 raised by the state, the women 
raised $25,493,650. 

After the organ postlude, Grand Chorus in 
E flat, by Guiliment, a recess for luncheon was 

The afternoon session began with an organ 
prelude, Chopin's Military Polonaise, following 
which. Chapter chorus and audience sang "God 
Save the King." 

The next speaker was Cyril Maude, noted 
English actor. Mr. Maude was so impressed 
by the singing of his country's national anthem 
that he said he should cable the news that night 
to the household of King George. 

" Woman's Work " was the title of Mr. 
Maude's address, a powerful appeal for con- 
sideration of British women, brightened with 
many an amusing incident told in his inimitable 
manner. He spoke in highest praise of the 
women of the Red Cross and V. A. D., the 
W. A. A. C. and W. R. N. ; women who were 
willing to perform the lowliest tasks and who 
came from all parts of the United Kingdom 
and from every class. 

After the singing of the " Marseillaise," Mrs. 
George Maynard Minor, Vice-President Gen- 
eral and Chairman of the Magazine Committee, 
gave a message from the National Society. It 
was " Stand steadfast. Be loyal to America 
and promote the spirit of Americanism in this 
land of many nations," also "make democ- 
racy safe for the world." She urged greater 
pride and interest in the Daughters of the 
American Revolution Magazine and a larger 
subscription list. Connecticut is ahead of the 
states in the number of subscribers. 

Two soprano solos by Mrs. Gertrude Damon 
Fothergill came next. 

Then Captain W. E. Thompson, of the United 
States Shipping Board, was introduced. His 
subject was " Peace "—a peace possible, just, 
and permanent. 

Three musical numbers followed: a violin 
solo by Miss Marion W. Williams, a tenor solo 
by Charles Edward Prior, Jr., and " The Battle 
Hymn of the Republic " by Mrs. Edwin Young 
and the audience. Rev. Charles F. Carter, of 
Immanuel Congregational Church, pronounced 
the benediction. 

The processional and the recessional, always 
impressive ceremonials of our Connecticut 




D. A. R. meetings, were particularly so on this 
occasion. State officers, Ellsworth Memorial 
Association officers, Ruth Wyllys Chapter offi- 
cers and Board of Management, escorted by 
ushers and color-bearers carrying our flag and 
the flags of our Allies, passed along the aisle to 
pews and platforms. All remained standing 
while the ushers and pages passed to the rear 
of the church and, returning, escorted Governor 
Marcus H. Holcomb, with the Vice Regent, 
Mrs. Charles H. Bissell, and the principal 

The meeting was a combined celebration of 
peace and victory and an earnest dedication to 
further service. 

Louise L. Barnum, 
State Recording Secretary. 


The twenty-second Virginia State Conference 
of the N. S. D. A. R. was held in Lynchburg 
on November 25th and 26th in the auditorium 
of the Virginia Hotel by invitation of the three 
local Chapters, Blue Ridge, Lynchburg and 
Poplar Forest. The State Conference expected 
to convene in October, at which time plans were 
made to have a " good time," and many distin- 
guished guests were invited, who would also 
attend the celebration at Yorktown on October 
19th. Owing to the epidemic of influenza these 
meetings were postponed. When the epidemic 
passed away there were left many desolate 
homes. While the hearts of the Daughters 
were glad over the tidings of " Peace on 
Earth," many of the noble sons of Virginia 
were known to have been at the front during 
the last days of the fighting. The casualties 
were being daily reported, so it was deemed 
best to refrain from all social affairs. 

Knowing that this conference would be busi- 
ness, pure and simple, the fact that the repre- 
sentation was as full as usual shows that the 
Daughters realize the deep meaning of their 
motto, " Home and Country." For the first time 
the Virginia Conference assembled with no 
guests from other states. However, we were 
fortunate in having with us our Vice Presi- 
dent General from Virginia, Mrs. Benjamin L. 
Purcell ; our Regent, Miss Alethea Serpell, and 
every state officer. 

The reports sent in by the chapters show 
this has been a year of service and sacrifice. 
They have put the ideals of service into prac- 
tice and have rendered valuable assistance to 
our country in the life-and-death struggle with 
barbarism which has just ended in such a 
glorious victor}-. 

Virginia, the " Mother of Presidents," has 
been the " home " of the soldiers and sailors 
during the Great War. These boys will tell you 
of the many ways in which the D. A. R. added 
to their comfort and happiness. 

This year the Daughters have kept up the 
usual work of " peace time " also. We have 
scholarships, prizes, historical work, etc. Could 
the great work done by the Daughters really 
be tabulated, one would suppose they possessed 
a fairy wand. In nearly all war relief work, 
Liberty Bond, War Savings Stamps, Thrift 
Stamps, food conservation. Red Cross, etc., the 
officers usually wore the insignia of the D. A. R. 
One chapter reports 80 patriotic addresses de- 
livered during past year. Many French orphans 
have been adopted. An ambulance was pre- 
sented to the United States Hospital at West- 
hampton, Richmond, by the Old Dominion 
Chapter in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette. 

The Commonwealth Chapter reports five of 
its members doing Y. M. C. A. work in France, 
and several other chapters report members 
working " over there." The Margaret Lynn 
Lewis Chapter reports a "Roanoke Virginia" 
chicken farm to be established in France from 
funds provided by the business men of Roanoke 
wearing the official button " I have a chicken in 

The women have forgotten their former 
amusements and give denial to the charge of 
Southern indolence. The knitting needles have 
plied rapidly, as well as the machine, making 
layettes for the babies of France as well as 
clothing for the Belgians. 

Those chapters near the cantonments have 
marvelous reports, which work has meant so 
much for " Home and Country." Several mem- 
bers report husbands and sons receiving the 
Croix du Guerre and other decorations. I am 
sorry to say some are wearing the Gold Star. 

Lest we forget the past in the present, will 
mention that one chapter reports the custody 
of two valuable relics — a silver chalice, in- 
scribed " For the use of the Parish Church of 
Accomacke ae Assuaman," which bears Hall 
mark of 1724, and an old lecturn prayer book, 
dated 1728. 

May the mantle of peace and happiness rest 
upon our beloved country, and at the next State 
Conference we hope to prove to some of the 
other D. A. R. that 

" Heaven and earth both seem to meet 
Down in Virginia." 

Mrs. Henry FitzHugh Lev^^is, 
State Secretary. 


To Insure Accuracy in the Reading of Names and Promptness in Publication 
Chapter Reports must be Typewritten EDITOR. 




The Ralph Humphreys Chapter (Jackson, 
Miss..), possesses a beautiful American flag of 
handsome silk, mounted upon a ten-foot staff 
topped with a golden eagle, a gift of the re- 
tiring Regent, Mrs. C. H. Alexander, in Janu- 
ary, 1916. Since that time this flag has been so 
intimately associated with the movements of 
patriotic nature in Jackson during the great 
war that its history will be an intensely inter- 
esting one for the future members of this Chap- 
ter. It was first used for patriotic occasions 
at the local camp before what was the local com- 
pany of the National Guards merged into the 
new National Army and departed for France. 
Upon subsequent state meetings of the Red 
Cross, Women's Committee Liberty Loans, 
United War Workers, as well as at the time of 
the celebration of peace, this flag has been asked 
for and used to inspire by its stately beauty a 
patriotic reverence for the folds of the Star 
Spangled Banner. It is particularly fitting that 
the Daughters of the American Revolution 
should furnish this magnificent embodiment of 
our national colors to inspire the support of 
national activities that tend to the material and 
spiritual care of American soldiers fighting in 
the defense of democracy, as their forefathers 
once fought in the days that are commemorated 
by the Society of the D. A. R. 

The Ralph Humphreys Chapter has contrib- 
uted heavily both in money and personal service 
to every war activity in which the women of 
America have been engaged ; and it instigated 
the founding of the local Red Cross Chapter. 
The Regent served as chairman of the speakers' 
bureau for three Liberty Loan campaigns ; an- 
other member, Mrs. W. R. Wright, as chair- 
man of speakers for W. S. S. campaign ; five 
other members were on the speakers' bureau of 
these and fifteen other members were of the 
workers' teams of all these war drives. 

The Chapter has further kept up its obliga- 
tions of peace times, the heaviest of these being 
two scholarships, at Belhaven College and Mil- 
saps College, respectively. This year two 
deserving girls are the recipients of these. 

A scrapbook is being made of such material 
as may be found in the county of contemporary 
interest in the world war (letters from soldiers, 
pictures, clippings, etc.). A prize has been of- 
fered for the best of these books from the state 
Chapters by the historian of the State Society, 
Mrs. Dunbar Rowland. Ralph Humphreys 
Chapter has recently loaned to the state museum 
a copy of the picture of the Chapter taken at 
the request of the National Society, also a gold 
medal that was formerly offered yearly on Flag 
Day to the best-drilled soldier in the Capital 
Light Guards, which was the local company of 
the National Guards. This medal was given the 
Chapter for this use by Mrs. Edmund Favor 
Noel, who is now State Regent of the Missis- 
sippi Society, D. A. R. 

Alfreda Grant Collins, 

Francis Dighton Williams Chapter (Ban- 
gor, Me.). Owing to the ban put upon public 
gatherings during the epidemic, the October 
meeting was omitted and the November one 
postponed to November 22d. On that date the 
Chapter enjoyed a social afternoon at the home 
of one of its members. Readings were given 
and present-day war songs listened to with in- 
terest. At the close of the program resolutions 
were adopted in recognition of the work done 
by the Daughters of the American Revolution 
during the present war. 

During the year seven of our members have 
severed connection with our Chapter in order 
to form a new one in a nearby town. This leaves 
us with a membership of sixty-four, of whom 
twenty-six are non-resident. 

The war work accomplished from April, 1917, 
to December, 1918, is as follows : 

One $100 and one $50 Liberty Bonds are held 
by the Chapter ; individual resident members 
hold bonds for $57,850, also 536 W. S. S. certifi- 
cates valued at $2655. We have contributed 
our proportion to the Liberty Bond held by the 
National Society and to the Fund for the Res- 
toration of Tilloloy. We have given $1130 to 




the war drive; $4892.81 to Red Cross, etc., and 
$50 to Jewish War Relief. 

We have also given to the Red Cross 1256 
knitted articles. 199 sewed articles, 2779 surgi- 
cal dressings, 153 dozen trench candles, 454 
books, and 2 layettes for Belgian babies. Indi- 
vidual members have adopted 3 French orphans. 
Mary Ellen Hopkins, 

Connersville Chapter (Connersville, Ind.). 
At the Flag Day meeting it was decided to 
give the Red Cross $25 worth of knitted goods, 
Mrs. W. F. L. Sanders to have charge of the 

Mrs. Root was the jam distributor at the Red 
Cross workroom of the Chapter, where the jam 
was received and given out. 

In due time beautifully knitted garments were 
turned in. There were in all 40 pieces as fol- 
lows : Four sweaters, 11 helmets, 25 pairs of 
socks. The work was done by Mrs. Scott 
Michener (Regent), Mrs. Hull, Mrs. Houghton, 
Mrs. McKennan, Mrs. Kensler (Registrar), 
Mrs. Zehnug, Mrs. Hawkins, Mrs. McFarlan, 
Mrs. Silvey, Mrs. Wilson, Mrs. Newkirk, Mrs. 
Barrows, Mrs. Ochiltree and Miss Sanders (our 
efficient (Thairman). 

We had two friends to help us : Mrs. Spillman 
knitted two pairs of socks and Miss Marion 
Barrows knitted one sweater. 

Fanny Taylor Sanders, 

Liberty Bell Chapter (Allentown Pa.). 
The most important historic event for Liberty 
Bell Chapter during this year was the Twenty- 
first Pennsylvania State Conference, held in 
Allentown, October 9, 10 and 11, 1917. The 
Chapter acted as hostess and the members 
met the delegates and guests at an infor- 
mal reception directly after their arrival on 
Monday evening. The formal opening of the 
conference was held in Zion Reformed Church 
on Tuesday morning. The State Regent, Mrs. 
Anthony Wayne Cook, presided at all sessions. 
Greetings from the Chapter were extended to 
the delegates and guests by Mrs. F. O. Ritter, 
Regent, to which Mrs. Cook, State Regent, re- 
sponded. The Rev. Simon Sipple delivered an 
address and greetings were given by the Hono- 
rary President General, N. S. D. A. R., Mrs. 
William Gumming Story, and honorary state 
officers. The business sessions were held in 
the chapel of the church. Tuesday evening a 
reception was held at the home of the Regent, 
which was attended by delegates and visiting 
Daughters, and on Wednesday afternoon an 
automobile trip was given to our guests. 

The event of the conference was the banquet 
on Thursday evening at the Lehigh Country 

Club to celebrate the twenty-fifth anniversary 
of the founding of Liberty Bell Chapter, 
D. A. R. At this banquet a birthday gift of a 
$100 Liberty Loan Bond was given to the Chap- 
ter by Mrs. Edwin G. Martin. At the Thurs- 
day session the State Historian, Miss Mary I. 
Stille, delivered the anniversary address, after 
which our Regent announced that our mem- 
bers of Liberty Bell presented $100 toward an 
ambulance. A book containing the names of all 
delegates, alternates and visitors to this State 
Conference, and also the names of those who 
attended the banquet, has been put into the 
archives of our Chapter. 

At a special meeting of the Board of Manage- 
ment held in November it was decided to ap- 
point a Committte on War Supplies, and in 
order to raise money for a Liberty Bell Chapter 
War Fund it was also decided to hold a chain 
of parties, the first to be held at the home of our 
Regent. By this method and from personal 
contributions a fund of almost $500 was cre- 
ated, and the members began to knit bed socks, 
trench caps, helmets and socks for the ambu- 
lance camp. English textbooks for Spaniards 
and tobacco were also furnished. Later it was 
decided to knit socks for our own boys in ser- 
vice. By means of this fund we were able to 
contribute $25 to a diet kitchen at Camp Colt, 
$50 to the Navy Recreation League to equip 
a scout patrol, $25 to Y. W. C. A. War Coun- 
cil ; $100 towards a kitchen trailer, and also 
to adopt a French war orphan. As a Chapter 
we also bought a Liberty Bond, contributed $10 
to the Philippine Endowmient Fund and $25 
towards Alemorial Continental Hall. Each 
member of the Chapter contributed towards the 
$100,000 Liberty Bond which the National 
Society bought. 

On January 14 our first meeting was held in 
Trout Hall. Many gifts have been received 
during the year, including rugs, furniture, 
books, pictures, relics and antiques, besides 
some of the personal belongings of Mrs. Alfred 
G. Saeger, who served as Regent for some 
years. All these gifts found a place in our 
rooms in historic Trout Hall. 

On February 12, which we call Reciprocity 
Day, we entertained the members of the George 
Taylor Chapter, of Easton. Mrs. Maxwell, the 
Regent, spoke of the aims of the World War. 

The Historical Society and Liberty Bell 
Chapter had a joint meeting on February 22 
to celebrate Washington's Birthday. Addresses 
were made by Mr. Charles R. Roberts, Presi- 
dent of the Lehigh County Historical Society, 
and Mrs. F. O. Ritter, our Regent. 

The formal opening of Trout Hall was held 
May 14, to which the members of Liberty Bell 
Chapter were invited. 

Our Regent, Mrs. F. O. Ritter, attended the 




Twenty-seventh Annual Congress and read an 
interesting report of the same at the May 

On June 16 and June 30 certain state markers 
were placed on certain graves, and in both in- 
stances the D. A. R. ritual was used. 

Special war work meetings were held during 
the summer months at Unionville at the request 
of the State Regent, Mrs. Anthony Wayne 
Cook. During this time five convalescence 
blankets were completed. Over 125 glasses of 
jelly have been contributed by Chapter mem- 
bers and 631 articles have been knitted. A ser- 
vice flag was placed in our rooms at Trout Hall 
on March 11, each son in the service being rep- 
resented by a star. 

During the year eight new members have been 
added to our membership, while three members 
withdrew from the Chapter. Prize essay con- 
tests were held at the Northampton High 
School and at the Allentown College for 

Liberty Bell Chapter has striven during the 
past year to continue the regular Chapter ac- 
tivities besides taking up special war work. 
The meetings are well attended and every 
member shows increased interest. 

Anna M. Grim, 


Caesar Rodney Chapter (Wilmington, 
Del.). The most conspicuous achievement of 
the Daughters of the state was the purchase 
of a white ambulance at a cost of $2850, and 
the equipment for same, valued at several hun- 
dred dollars, which we presented to Delaware 
State College on October 14, 1917. The idea 
was conceived by ^Irs. Edmund P. Moody, then 
Vice President General, and the success of the 
undertaking was chiefly due to Mrs. Moody's 
personal work. The presentation of the ambu- 
lance was a notable occasion, Mrs. Moody 

making the presentation speech, and the gift 
was graciously accepted by President Mitchell, 
of Delaware College. Mrs. George C. Hall, 
then State Regent of Delaware, made a splen- 
did address, and there were other speakers of 
note. The ambulance is intended for state- 
wide service and did most valuable work during 
the influenza epidemic. 

Caesar Rodney Chapter is the largest in the 
state, and therefore takes the lead in activities. 
As a Chapter we have responded to the appeal 
of the National Society for raising the $100,000 
Liberty Bond ; also adopted a little French 
orphan girl and provided her with clothing; 
also raised money for the restoration of Tillo- 
loy, and the sending of two women from Dela- 
ware to training camp during the summer of 
1917. Our members have also responded to 
calls for war relief work in numerous ways, 
especially under the different departments of 
Red Cross work. Deft fingers have kept the 
knitting needles flying, fashioned comfortable 
garments and made many surgical dressings. 
A Chapter member has been a Director in the 
Red Cross Canteen Service, and has also done 
active work on the Home Economics Commit- 
tee in connection with food conservation and 
the canning of fruits and vegetables for distri- 
bution by the Red Cross at different encamp- 
ments. Our War Relief Committee prepared 
attractive Christmas boxes and picture puzzles 
to be sent to the boys in France last Christmas, 
and each of the Liberty Loan series has been 
loyally supported by Chapter members, many 
of them doing fine team work. Our Regent, 
Mrs. S. M. Council, worked indefatigably. 

Flag Day, June 14, 1918, was celebrated by 
the Delaware Chapters at Dover. Wreaths 
were placed on the graves of Caesar Rodney 
and Mrs. Elizabeth Clark Churchman, a for- 
mer State Regent. Patriotic addresses were a 
feature of the dav. 



Patriotism has been the keynote of our 
monthly meetings. We hope to accomplish 
much for our country in the coming months 
of reconstruction, while our hearts overflow 
with gratitude to the Prince of Peace who has 
given us victory over the enemy and brought 
peace to a war-worn world. 

Annie W. J. Fuller, 

Michelet Chapter (Allentown, Pa.). On 
October 12, 1917, the day after the adjourn- 
ment of the 
State Conference 
in Allentown, 
Pa., the Michelet 
Chapter unveiled 
the Revolution- 
ary and Hugue- 
not Memorial 
of the Michelet 
Family in 

The guests of 
the Chapter were 
the members of 
the D. A. R., 
S. A. R. and S. R. 
Societies, m e m - 
bers of the 
Huguenot Society 
of America, His- 
torical Society, 
ofificers and sol- 
diers of the U. S. 
Army Ambulance 
Camp of Allen- 
town, and mem- 
bers of the Mick- 
ley family. After 
the memorial was 
unveiled the me- 
morial service 
was held in the 
Mickley's Church 
on account of 
t h e inclement 
weather. While 
the U. S. A. A. C. band was playing the sun 
appeared, turning the distant hills into 
gold, and the effect of the rainbow over the 
memorial will never be forgotten by those 

The reception was held at the home of the 
late Commander Joseph Philip Mickley, 
U. S. N., whose wife is the Registrar of the 
Chapter. The Regent and officers received the 
guests, and there were three members of the 
family present over ninety years of age. 

The Revolutionary record of the sons of 
Jean Jaques Michelet, a Huguenot refugee, is 


recorded on the four steps of their father's and 
mother's tomb in the Mickleys' cemetery. The 
record is as follows : First step, John Jacob 
Mickley, 1737-1808; second step, John Martin 
Mickley, 1745-1830; third step, John Peter Mick- 
ley, 1752-1828; fourth step, Magdalena Mickley 
(twin), 1745-1827 (wife of Peter Deshler). 

The Chapter has been interested in all war 
work and Red Cross work of the D. A. R. 
The members promptly sent their portion of 
the $100,000 Liberty Bond of the Society, mem- 
bers also having bonds of the four other issues. 
Chapter members 
were given one 
dozen D. A. R. 
markers to put in 
knitted articles, 
while those pass- 
ing through the 
hands of the Re- 
gent were given 
through the 
D. A. R. to the 
Mickleys' Church 
Red Cross Auxil- 
iary. A three- 
and-a-half-y a r d 
tablecloth was 
sent to the Red 
Cross nurses for 
their Christmas 
table by a Chap- 
ter member. One 
member knitted 
36 sweaters and 
many more ar- 
ticles during the 
year. The amount 
desired for the 
rebuilding of 
T i 1 1 o 1 o y was 
promptly sent to 
the Treasurer 
General. The list 
of names for the 
new D. A. R. Di- 
rectory was sent 
to headquarters 
as requested by the National Society. 

The service flag of the Chapter has four- 
teen stars, a star also for a Chapter member 
who is serving as a Red Cross aid in France. 
Minnie F. Mickley, 


Massillon Chapter (Massillon, Ohio). 
Perhaps the most interesting entertainment 
given by our Chapter was the tea, play and ex- 
hibition of antique and modern relics held last 
spring. The object was the establishment of 
a war relief fund by our Chapter. The task 



seemed quite stupendous, for it meant the se- 
curing of a large room and the gathering to- 
gether of appropriate articles. We called on 
the residents of Massillon to lend us anything 
in the way of relics and costumes that would 
be of public interest. 

The walls of the room were hung with patch- 
work quilts and samplers, one sampler having 
been made in 1400. At one corner of the room 
was a fireplace, about which was furnished a 
typical Colonial room. On living models, in so 
far as possible, old dresses were used. One 
gown had been worn at Lincoln's inaugural 
ball. Some of the articles shown are worthy 
of special mention. The signatures of several 
Presidents were procured, and a beautiful sil- 
ver tea set, made by Paul Revere. Also a 
stirrup that belonged to Washington and a 
newspaper announcing his death. There was 
a flag displayed at the coronation of old Eng- 
lish kings ; a hat worn in the War of 1812, and 
an old-fashioned " bleeder," used by physicians 
in Colonial times. 

Even more popular than the antique was the 
case of present-day war relics and the attend- 
ance of several soldiers in uniform who had 
been at the front. 

The entertainment given both afternoon and 
evening was a short sketch showing the making 
of the first American flag; then a stately 
minuet, followed by refreshments. Many re- 
gretted that the exhibition was not kept open 
for several days, for the number and quality 
of articles shown would have done credit to 
a far larger city. 

Helen D. Chidester, 


Pee Dee Chapter (Bennettsville, S. C). 
The work of our Chapter for 1918 has been for 
war service, having had no social features or 

literary programs. We have S3 members, with 9 
subscribers to the Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution Magazine. Besides Chapter 
work, our members have been actively helping 
the Red Cross by contributions, making surgi- 
cal dressings, etc. They have also contributed 
to the Belgian Relief. One of our members has 
been training for a nurse at Camp Greene, S. C. 

Our Chapter supports two French orphans 
and has received notes of gratitude from their 
relatives. We have given $12.50 to the French 
Orphan 'Fund, have purchased a $100 Lil)erty 
Bond and $100 in War Savings Stamps. Also 
contributed $79.76 in Thrift Stamps for the 
D. A. R. mountain school at Tomassee; $52 
for the National Society Bond ; $26 for the 
reconstruction of Tilloloy ; $15 for the Red 
Cross Drive, and $5 to the Georgetown school. 
We sent 104 glasses of jelly to Camp Jackson 
and we knitted 45 garments for the battleship 
South Carolina. 

We were represented at the Twenty-seventh 
Congress by two delegates and a page for our 
State Regent. 

The Historian has faithfully compiled and 
framed the names of all our soldiers, both vol- 
unteer and selected, leaving this county, and 
has placed them in the courthouse. We have 
a book in which is the record of every soldier, 
his name, name of parents, order and serial 
number, company, division, rank, wounded or 
death, and all other available data. When this 
book is completed it will be placed in the Clerk 
of Court's office for safekeeping and future 

We expect to erect a boulder or monument 
in honor of our Revolutionary soldiers, to be 
placed on our public square. Our Liberty Bond 
and W. S. S. will go towards this fund. 

Blanche Gibson Harner, 


Fellow Citizens: 

Can we vote for the man who openly 
sets the law of the Great Jehovah at 
defiance, thereby showing a bad example 
to our children ? Some few Sundays past 
Mr. Adams (John Ouincy) passed 
through Providence (R. I.) galloping 
and running his horse, and at every 

tavern stopping to receive the salutes and 
huzzas of the Federal party. I have 
always been air Adams man until he vio- 
lated and trampled on the laws of God; 
now my conscience forbids my support- 
ing him. I therefore shall choose Andrew 
Jackson, one who keeps the holy Sab- 
bath day. 

A Professor of Religion. 




S the war seriously handicapped 
trade, and shipping regulations 
cut down all imports to an enor- 
mous extent, this country has 
been thrown back more and 
more on her own resources and ingenuity 
and made to feel the' value of articles 
" made in America." 

That our ancestors realized this a cen- 
tury and a half ago is shown by three 
interesting little relics now in the 
museum at Memorial Continental Hall, 
Washington, D. C. 

The infant's shoes of light tan kid 
were worn by Philip Snowden, baby 
son of Samuel Snowden, a member of 
the Continental Congress. These little 
shoes, although beautifully fashioned, 
are doubtless of the " home-made " 

variety. The carefully sewed edges, 
bound on top with tan ribbon, and the 
feather-stitched middle seam all show 
the painstaking work of some woman. 
The little toes are pointed and on the 
sole of one of them is the name, Philip 
Snowden, written in ink, and also the 
date of his birth, 1763. 

The second pair of infant's shoes were 
worn by Augustus Fitch, a lieutenant of 
Major Bacchus's Fourth Regiment of 
Light Horse of Connecticut, during the 
Revolution. Although these shoes were 
made some thirty years previous to the 
other pair, they are far more profes- 
sional in workmanship. These are 
sturdy, durable little shoes of dark 
brown leather, with leather lacings, 
blunt, rounded toes and the faintest 






suggestion of 
work of the vi 
terned after 
the shoes of 
Augus t u s ' s 

The baby's 
cap was worn 
on christening 
occasions b y 
the family of 
a signer of the 
Declaration of 
It is made of 
the finest 
natural colored 
linen and 
solidly em- 
broidered i n 
flowers of con- 
ventional de- 

a heel — no doubt the 
Uage cobbler, and pat- 

Photo bv Cranda 

Wasliington, D. ('. 


sign. The center of the flowers is 
made of finest net, although the eye- 
lets are open, 
and a small 
wreath encir- 
cles the entire 
cap. A sepa- 
rate embroid- 
ered medallion 
forms the 
crown. Curi- 
ously enough, 
the cap has 
no lining, 
nor has it 
the usual cap 
strings. But 
draw strings 
at the top of 
the head and 
the nape of 
the neck made 
it firm around 
the babv's head. 

In answers to "Queries" it is essential to give Liber and Folio or "Bible Reference." 
Queries will be inserted as early as possible after they are received. Answers, partial 
answers, or any information regarding queries are requested. In answering queries please 
give the date of the magazine and the number of the query. All letters to be forwarded to con- 
tributors must be unsealed and sent in blank, stamped envelopes, accompanied with the num- 
ber of the query and its signature. The Genealogical Editor reserves the right to print anything 
contained in the communication and will then forward the letter to the one sending the query. 

Genealogical Editor, Annapolis, Maryland 


6291. EvRE. — The parentage and place of resi- 
dence of Capt. Richard Eyre, who commanded 
the armed schooner Delaxvare during the Rev, 
is desired.— E. W. D. 

6292. Hall-Biddle. — Official proof desired 
for Rev service of Nathaniel Hall, also b and d 
dates. He m Elizabeth Drak, eldest sister of 
Rev. Sam'l Drak, b 1749. She lived 102 years 
& d about 1850 in Sullivan Co., Tenn. She was 
the dau of Sam'l and Jane Drak, who came from 

Ireland, stopped in Chester Co., Pa., & then 
moved to Augusta Co., Va. Family bible states 
Nathaniel Hall's son James was b on the North 
Fork of the James River, Rockbridge Co., Va., 
Feb. 25, 1776; m Nov. 13, 1800, Elizabeth Biddle, 
b Dec. 11, 1783, dau of Thomas & Sallie Biddle. 
Wanted b and d of Thomas Biddle. 

(2.) Gamble- Gambol. — My great-great- 
grandmother, Hannah Gamble, b 1758, d 1832, m 
Hugh Cranford (Rev sol No. 80144). Her 
mother, Rebbeca McPheeters, m William 
Gamble, who removed from Augusta Co., Va., 
to Tenn. There were 3 bros., John, Samuel, and 
William, in the 8th Va. Militia. Wanted b and 
d dates of same.— D. C. C. 

6293. Turner.— Francis Turner, b in Dublin, 
Ireland, came to America and fought in the Rev 
from Va. He was the father of John Turner, 
b 1772, who moved to Franklin Co., Tenn., from 
Buckingham Co., Va. To whom and when was 
Francis Turner m? Also date of d and what 
service was rendered in the Rev? — N. S. T. 

6294. FuLLER-KiMBALL. — Hannah Kimball 
Hooker, b Sept. 30, 1811, m 1831, d 1897, was 
the dau of Thomas Kimball and Hannah Fuller, 
of Dover, Mass. Complete ancestry of Hannah 
Fuller, also Rev ancestry and service of same. 


Hannah Fuller was m June 3, 1790; resided at 
Sherhone, Mass. 

(2) Has Richard Kimball, father of Thomas, 
b at Wenham, Mass., Dec, 1722, d Mar., 1803, 
at Newton, Mass., Rev service to his credit? 
Name of wife of Richard Kimball ancestry and 
Rev service of same requested. — H. H. M. 

6295. Morris. — William Washington Morris 
had a dau Minerva Morris, who m William 
Dooley. Their son, James Milton, m Susan 
Dooley. Their dau, Florence Dooley, m Ben- 
jamin Singleton. Did William Washington 
Morris serve in the Rev? If so, official proof 
of service desired. — G. W. L. 

6296. Mitchell. — The ancestry of the 
Mitchell family of Maryland, is requested. 

(2) Young. — Genealogy of William Young, 
who served in the Rev from Md., is desired. 

(3) IjAMS. — Wanted, the ancestry of the 
Ijams family, of Anne Arundel Co., Md., with 
official proof of Rev service. — M. M. I. 

6297. McConnell. — From the Chute Geneal- 
ogy, I find Bartholomew Haines and wife Mary 
had 4 sons in the Rev. My ancestor was a 
dau, Elizabeth Haines, who m Benjamin Mc- 
Connell. Their son, Elizah McConnell, m Elea- 
nor Shook, and their son Benjamin m another 
Elizabeth Haines. Their son David was my 
great-grandfather. Is there Rev service for 
Benjamin McConnell? 

(2) Saxon. — William Saxon, son of Rev. 
John Saxon, m Margaret Edison, dau of John 
Edison and Margaret Haines. Their son, 
Geo. Saxon, m Rachael Mullin, dau of Peter 
Mullin and Eleanor Van Kleek. Their dau, 
Catharine Saxon, b 1792, m John Marr, 
son of James Marr. Is there any record of 
service for William Saxon or Peter Mullin? 



(3) Griswold. — Guy Griswold, b 1781 in 
N. Y. state, d 1881, Lane Co., Kas., was a soldier . 
in the War of 1812 — serving as orderly sergt., 
under Warner Folts as capt. of the Militia of 
N. Y. He enlisted at Frankfort, Herkimer Co., 
N. Y. He m Deborah Hoar, Nov. 20, 1804, at 
Schuyler, N. Y. Lived in Jackson, Mich.,- 
later. Wanted, ancestry of Guy Griswold 
and Deborah Hoar (supposedly Penn. Dutch)-. 
— S. H. B. 

6298. Fuller. — Ebenizer Fuller, who served 
as private in Capt. Thomas Newcomb's Co., 
Lt. Col. Web's regt., from Aug. 26, to Dec. 5, 
1781, at Peekskill, N. Y. Wanted, date of b, d 
and m, name of wife, also names of children. 
Was he the father of Betsey, who m Justus 
Seelye?— M. L. S. 

6299. Garey. — Information desired of Eneas 
or Enos Garey, b Sept. 23, 1757, Windham Co., 
Conn. His Rev record and the names of his 
children. He m Esther Buckingham, Feb. 25, 

(2) Green. — The ancestry of Lilas Green, 
of Conn, or of N. Y. Militia, wanted. Lilas 
Green was with Arnold's command during the 
invasion of Canada, 1775. His early home was 
Sterling, Conn. ; later Delaware Co., N. Y: — 
S. A. M. 

6300. Kimbrough. — Can anyone tell me the 
father of John, Orman, Marmaduke, Golman 
and George Kimbrough ? He moved from near 
Raleigh, N. C, to Huntsville (then Surrey), 
now Godkin Co., about 1760 or 1770. Probable 
that Orman and Marmaduke owned the ferfy 
over the Yodkin. Did father and sons render 
Rev service? — E. T. C. 

6301. Camp. — Capt. John Camp, b Aug. 6, 
1748, m 1st Dorothy Leawell. Issue : William 
Green Camp, Elizabeth and Jennie. He m 2nd 
Miss Spiller, of King and Queen Co., Va. Issue, 
Spiller, John and Martha Camp. The Chris- 
tian name of Miss Spiller and full list of her 
children are desired. Did Capt. John Camp re- 
ceive a pension? — W. H. C. 

6302. Porter - Keeler. — Zoroaster Porter m 
Anna Keeler in Rutland Co., Vt., May 4, 1806. 
Ancestry and Rev service. 

(2) Cease-Lewis. — ^Henry Cease m Dolly 
Lewis in Delaware Co., N. Y., about the year 
1830. Genealogy and Rev service desired. 

(3) Walton. — My ancestor, Geo. Walfon, 
is said to have been a soldier in the Continental 
army from what is now Vt. Had a dau.^Avis 
Walton, who m a man by name of Rose. 
Wanted, information concerning him and proof 
of Rev service. — O. P. 

6303. McCoy.— Dates of b, m and d of Wil- 
liam McCoy (said to be the 8th child of John 
McCoy), who enlisted from Cumberland Co'., 
Pa., June, 1775, are greatly desired. — I. V. R. 

6304. Collier. — Benjamin Mills m Elizabeth 

Collier at Snow Hill, Md., about 1770. Waa 
there Rev service on the Collier descent? 

(2) Trotter. — Andrew Gibbs Mills m Mary 
Trotter in Bourbon Co., Ky., in 1797. Was 
there Rev service on the Trotter descent? — • 
J. H. A. 

6305. Drake. — Wanted date of b, m, wife's 
name and their d dates. Names of the children 
of one Samuel Drake, who served 'in Rev as 
Col. of a N. Y. regt, designated "Colonel Samuel 
Drake's Regiment," from Sept. 28 to Nov. 21, 
1776, and that he served 3 months and 3 days, 
within the period from Aug. 25, 1778, to Nov. 
20, 1780.— S. A. D. 

6306. Fowler. — Richard Fowler was b, date 
not known, in Va., m Elizabeth Coy l)etween 
1813-16. They had 7 ch., 4 boys, Christopher 
Coy (named after his father), Mathew, William 
and Richard, Jr. The genealogy of Richard 
Fowler desired. 

(2) Jones.— David Jones enlisted from Md. 
in the Rev, was enrolled by dapt. Jacob Good, 
Lieuts. J. B. Tompson, J. Ghiselin, Ensign John 
Smith for " The Flying Camp," July 20, 1776. 
Corp. David Jones d Jan. 15, 1781. Who was 
his wife and did he have a son David? — 
R. F. M. 

6307. Albertson - Moore. — Information 
wanted, the ancestors of Margaret Albertson, 
who m Alexander Moore, son of Michael Moore 
and Esther Rea-Moore, Feb. 11, 1790, in Sussex 
Co., N. J. Later moved to Northumberland 
Co., Pa. Proof of Rev service desired. — 
C. M. S. 

6308. Lacy. — Among the ch. of William 
Lacy and wife Sarah (maiden n'ame probably 
Henry), of New Kent Co., Va., was a son Wil- 
liam. Was it the father or son that served in 
Rev as Lieut, of New Kent Militia? Any in- 
formation regarding this family would be ap- 

(2) Price-Booker. — Pugh Price, brother of 
the Confederate general. Sterling Price, m a 
Miss Booker. Genealogical data of both fami- 
lies desired. — A. L. B. 

6309. Graham. — Elizabeth Graham m Rob- 
ert Armstrong, of Greenbrier Co., Va., in 17—. 
Who were her parents and grandparents? 
Would like to have all data connected with 

(2) Armstrong. — Robert Armstrong lived 
in Greenbrier Co., Va., near White Sulphur 
Springs, Va., 1792. His wife. Elizabeth Graham. 
Their dau Margaret m Joel Walker, Sept. 20, 
1792. Who were the parents of Robert and on 
what date did he m Elizabeth Graham? Did 
Robert hold a military commission during the 
Rev?— K. L. G. 


5154. Howell. — Service has been established 
for Nathan Howell, certificate from Adj,. 



General of N. J. (Heitman's Historical Register, 
p. 304), gives the service of John Howell, who 
d Sept. 18, 1830. The church records of Mor- 
ristown corroborate Nathans, b in 1729, by no- 
tice of his death. Mar. 29, 1803, aged 74 years.— 
Francis S. Wallace. Buffalo Chapter, D. A. R. 

5157. Woods.— Alicheal Woods, immigrant; 
wife, Mary Campbell. Issue: MagdaHne, m 
(1) McKowell, (2) Borden, (3) Boyer-Bow- 
yer; William, m Susannah Wallace (Cousin), 
dau of Peter Wallace, deceased. His widow, 
Elizabeth Woods, was a sister of Michael 
Woods, the immigrant, . settled for a time in 
Pa., later Va. ; Michael Woods, Jr., m Annie 

; Hannah Woods m William Wallace; 

John Woods m Susannah Anderson ; Richard 

Woods m Jenny ; Alargaret Woods m 

Andrew Wallace ; Archibald Woods m Esa- 

bella ; Martha Woods m Peter Wallace, 

Jr.; Andrew Woods m Martha Poage; Sarah 
Woods m Joseph Lapsley. William Woods 
(son Alichael Woods and Mary Campbell) m 
Susannah Wallace. Issue : Adam Woods m 
Anne Kavenaugh ; Michael Woods m Jael 
Kavenaugh (a sister to Anne Kavenaugh, wife 
of his brother Adam). Peter Woods was raised 
a Presbyterian, and he later entered the minis- 
try of the Baptist Church. Had a large family ; 
Andrew Woods m Hannah Reid ; Archibald 
Woods m Mourning Shelton; William Woods, 
Beaver Creek (Billy Woods), m (1) his cousin, 
Sarah Wallace, (2) cousin, Anne Reid, (3) 
Mrs. Nancy Jones, nee Richardson; Sarah 
Woods m Nicholas Shirkey; Mary Woods m 
George Davidson ; Susan Woods ; Hannah 
m William Kavenaugh. Will the in- 
quirer kindly tell me the names of Peter Woods 
and Jael Kavenaugh's children? Her name is 
found in " Woods and McAfee Memorial," 
p. 58. — Mrs. Flora Blaine Wood, State Center, 

6128. Thornton. — There is little to be found 
about the family of Matthew Thornton, a 
signer. He was b in Ireland, son of James, who 
came over and settled at Wiscasset, Me. ; re- 
moved to Worcester, Mass. At the commence- 
ment of the Rev. Matthew Thornton held the 
rank of Col. in the militia, and in 1745 Dr. 
Thornton joined, as surgeon, in the expedition 
against Cape Breton. He was also Justice of 
the Peace under Benj. Wentworth, and I have 
various documents of those times, signed by 
Matthew Thornton. He d at the home of his 
dau, Mrs. John McGraw, of Newburyport, 
Mass., June 24, 1803, age 89. He is buried at 
Merrimac, N. H., in the graveyard near his 
dwelling. James Thornton, his eldest son, d 
July, 1817, age 53. Matthew Thornton, another 
son, d at Merrimac, Dec. 5, 1804, age 2>Z. His 
other dau was Mrs. Betton, widow of Hon. 
Silas Betton. of Salem, Mass. Mrs. McGraw 

resided for a time in Bedford, Mass., and from 
there moved to Newburyport, Mass. These 
were the only living ch at the time of Matthew 
Thornton's death, and I do not find an Ephriam. 
—Mrs. Wallace D. Smith, 126 Wibird St., 
Portsmouth, N. H. 

6132. Wentworth. — In the Wentworth Gen., 
Vol. 2, p. 1, found the following, which may be 
of assistance, providing it is the Daniel you 
want. John (5) Wentworth, (512) son of 
Richard (4) and Rebecca (Nocks or Knox) 
Wentworth, was of Rochester, N. H., Oct. 10, 
1759, when he was deeded land by Samuel Rich- 
ards. He was of Wakefield (then East Town), 
N. H., in 1769, where his son John (6), was 
baptized, and in 1776 he, John (5), signed the 
pledge to stand by the Rev cause. Was a sol- 
dier in the Rev at the battle of Bunker Hill. 
Enlisted in an expedition against Canada, July 
27, 1776, and after the war removed to Parsons- 
field, Me., and with his son, John (6), to Brown- 
field, Me., where he d, Oct., 1806. John (S) 
Wentworth m (1) Hannah, dau of Jonathan 
Hodgdon; she d in 1773, Vol. 2, p. 390; (2) 
Ann, dau of Amos Blazo, of Parsonsfield, Me., 
about 1775 ; she d at Brownfield, Me., 1807. Ch 
of John Wentworth and Hannah Hodgdon : 
Abra, b Mar. 1, 1764, at Rochester, N. H.; Re- 
becca, b June 7, 1765; Richard, b July 10, 1767; 
Mercy, b 1769; Hannah, b 1771. By 2nd wife, 
Ann (Blazo) Wentworth: John (6) Went- 
worth, b Apr. 29, 1775; Daniel Wentworth, b 
1777, in Wakefield, N. H.; Lydia, bapt Nov. 12, 
1789. Daniel Wentworth m Eunice" Lumber, in 
180O; she was of Saco, Me. Their ch were: 
Daniel Lumber Wentworth, m Peace Fly, d 
childless; Mary; Ruth, b Mar., 1808; Nancy, b 
1806. Daniel Wentworth and wife Eunice 
Lumber (or Lumbard) finally settled in Brown- 
field, Me. ; he enlisted in the War of 1812 with 
his brother John; Daniel d in Plattsburgh, 
N. Y., 1813. Amos Blazo's name does not ap- 
pear on the N. H. Rev roll, but it may on the 
Me. one. There were several Daniel Went- 
worths who served in the War of 1812. 

6137. Allen. — Vt. Rev Roll, p. 283; 698. 
P. 283. The name of Wm. Allen appears on 
payroll of Capt. Joshua Hazen's Co. in Col. 
Wood's Regt., that marched to Brookfield, Vt., 
in the Alarm, Oct., 1780. P. 698. In return of 
Scouts sent out by Capt. Hazen, Jan., 1778, is 
one William Allen, out 7 days at 12 shillings pr. 
day and found own provision. There was a 
William Allen, selectman in Rochester, N. H., 
and he or another William signed there the 
Association Test, in 1776. See p. 815 of the 
N. H. Rev Roll, Vol. 3. On p. 98 of the same 
vol. appears as a soldier the name of William 
Allen, who enlisted from North Salem, N. H. — 
Mrs. Wallace D. Smith, 126 Wibird St., 
Portsmouth, N. H. 


Special Meeting, Wednesday, January 8, 1919 

A special meeting of the National Board of 
Management for the admission of members 
and authorization and disbanding of chapters 
was called to order by the President General, 
Mrs. George Thacher Guernsey, in the Board 
Room of Memorial Continental Hall, Wednes- 
day, January 8, 1919, at 10.05 a.m. 

The Chaplain General, Miss Elisabeth F. 
Pierce, read Psalm 78, " He being merciful for- 
gave their iniquity and destroyed them not ; 
Yea, many a time he turned his anger away "— 
and from Jeremiah 3. In her prayer the Chap- 
lain General gave thanks for the part America 
had played in the hastening on of the day of 
peace and besought Divine guidance for the 
President of the United States in his efforts 
to uphold the ideals of this republic. The mem- 
bers joined in repeating the Lord's Prayer. 

The roll was called by the Recording Secre- 
tary General and the following members were 
noted as being present: Active^Mrs. Guernsey, 
Mrs. Talbott, Miss EHsabeth F. Pierce, Miss 
Crowell, Mrs. Pulsifer, Mrs. Fletcher, Miss 
Grace M. Pierce, Miss Barlow ; State Regents — 
Miss Fletcher, Mrs. ElHott. 

At the request of the President General, Miss 
Barlow, as Custodian of the Flag, reported 
that the flag had been placed at half-mast over 
the hall within half an hour after the news of 
the death of ex-President Theodore Roosevelt 
was received. The flag was a large one belong- 
ing to General Sternberg, presented to the 
National Society by Mrs. Sternberg, and which, 
as previously reported to the Board, would be 
used on the occasion of the death of some dis- 
tinguished man for whom the flag would be 
hung at half-mast. 

The President General referred to the loss 
to the country in the death of Mr. Roosevelt, 
and reported the death of Mrs. A. Howard 
Clark, Registrar General of the Sons of the 
American Revolution, husband of one of the 
early National officers of the Society, and 
Judge George S. Shackelford, whose wife also 
served as a National officer. Miss Grace M. 
Pierce moved that a committee be appointed to 
draft suitable resolutions to be sent to Mrs. 
Roosevelt and family from the National Board 
of Management, which was unanimously 

carried. Mrs. Talbott moved that a letter of 
sympathy be sent from the National Board to 
Mrs. Shackelford and Mrs. Clark, which motion 
was also unanimously carried. 

Miss Grace M. Pierce read her report as 
Register General as follows : 

Report of Registrar General 

Madam President General, Members of the 
Board of Management: 
I have the honor to report 750 applications 
for membership. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Grace M. Pierce, 
Registrar General. 
Mrs. Talbott moved that the report be 
accepted and the Secretary instructed to cast 
the ballot for the 750 applicants. The Recording 
Secretary General announced that she had cast 
the ballot and the President General declared 
these applicants elected as members of the 
National Society. 
Mrs. Fletcher read her report as follows : 

Report of Organizing Secretary General 

Madam President General and Members of 
the Management. 

Through their respective State Regents the 
following members at large are presented for 
confirmation : Mrs. lone Miller Jones, Willows, 
Cal.; Miss Elva E. Rulon, Peru, Neb.; Mrs. 
Lena Bailey Sullivan, Pleasantville, N. Y. ; and 
Mrs. Anna M. Gogley Cary, Indiana, Pa. 

The following Organizing Regencies have ex- 
pired by time limitation : Mrs. Lucia Weaver 
Robbins, Faunsdale, Ala. ; Miss Margaret Fitz- 
water, Clearwater ; Mrs. Minnie Moore Wilson 
Kissimmee; Mrs. Mary Ida Sipple Bromley, 
and Mrs. Edna Ellis Robbins, West Palm 
Beach, Fla. ; Mrs. Edith Dorsey Yow, Lavonia ; 
and Mrs. Lulu M. Pearce Farmer, Thomson, 
Ga. ; Mrs. Edna L. Frederickson, Charles City, 
la.; Mrs. Jennie Mershon Hilt, Buckner, and 
Miss Henrietta Worsham, Seventy-Six, Mo. ; 
Mrs. Alice Clara Dilworth, Holdredge; and 
Miss Jessie May Kellogg, Red Cloud, Neb.; 
Mrs. Mary A. Soule, Baker, Oregon ; Mrs. 
Grace Aimee Reed Porter, Fort Pierre, South 




Dakota; and Mrs. Winnie Huntington Quick, 
Castle Rock, Washington. 

The re-appointment of the following Organ- 
izing Regents is requested by their respective 
State Regents: Mrs. Nettie Smith Whitfield, 
Pensacola, Fla. ; Mrs. Edna L. Frederickson, 
Charles City, Iowa; Mrs. ]\Iary Day Denniston, 
Anacortes, and ]\Irs. Eleanor B. McCoy, Van- 
couver, Washington. 

The State Regent of Rhode Island requests 
the authorization of a chapter at Providence. 

The Whitmel Blount Chapter of Henderson, 
N. C, requests through the State Regent, offi- 
cial disbandment. 

Permission is asked by the Organizing Regent 
at Brooklyn, N. Y., for the name Ellen Hardin 
Walworth, one of the founders of the National 
Society, for her chapter. 

The Claude Jean Allouez chapter of Superior, 
Wisconsin, has been reported organized, since 
the November 22nd Board meeting. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Anna Louise Fletcher, 
Organising Secretary General. 

Mrs. Fletcher read also a letter from the 
Organizing Regent of the chapter at Brooklyn 
quoting the precedents established in the nam- 
ing of chapters after other founders. The sug- 
gestion being made that the report be accepted 
without this recommendation in order that there 
might be fuller discussion regarding it, it was 
moved by Mrs. Pulsifer, seconded, and carried, 
that the report of the Organizing Secretary 
General be accepted. The recommendation in 
the report of Organizing Secretary General, 
that a chapter in New York may carry the 
name of Ellen Hardin Walworth, be accepted, 
on motion of Miss Barlow, seconded by Miss 
Fletcher, was carried. 

The Recording Secretary General read a let- 
ter from the Treasurer General explaining that 
at the last meeting of the Board, held in No- 
vember, the resignation of a member had been 
accepted, whereas it later appeared that the 
resignation had been reported to the Board 

through a misinterpretation of the report of the 
treasurer of the chapter— the member having 
merely resigned her office in the chapter and 
not resigned her membership. The Treasurer 
General therefore recommended that the action 
be rescinded and the member restored to mem- 
bership in the National Society and in the chap- 
ter as though no such action had been taken. 
On motion, duly seconded, the recommendation 
of the Treasurer General was adopted. 

Miss Crowell read also the Treasurer Gen- 
eral's report of the members deceased since last 
meeting, 301 ; resigned, 107 ; and reinstated, 
15. There being no objection the Recording 
Secretary General was instructed to cast the 
ballot for the reinstatement of the 15 former 
members, and the President General declared 
them again members of the Society. 

The Board rose in memory of the members 
reported deceased. 

At 10.25, on motion, the meeting adjourned. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Emma L. Crowell, 
Recording Secretary General. 

Resolutions adopted by Committee of the 
National Board of Management : 

Whereas. In the Providence of God, ter- 
rible afflictions have visited our country, and 
whereas, we feel a deep sympathy for all who 
are bereaved; 

And Whereas, In the death of Theodore 
Roosevelt, twenty-sixth President of the 
United States, who was the splendid standard 
bearer of our liberties, and one whom the 
world recognized as a great force for righteous- 
ness and the champion of true Americanism 
as idealized by the founders of this Republic, 
this country has sufifered a great bereavement; 

Therefore, be it resolved, that we, the Board 
of Management of the National Society of 
the Daughters of the American Revolution, in 
meeting assembled, desire to extend to the 
family of this great American our admiration 
of his life's achievements and our deepest sym- 
pathy in this hour of their affliction. 

MARCH, 1919 

Proclamation Issued October 18, 1783, by the Congress Dis- 
banding THE Continental Army .... {Frontispiece) 

Peace and Demobilization in 1783 125 

John C. Fitzpatrick 
Comments by the President General ... .... 129 

A Virginia Patriot 130 

Elise Thomson Clark 

Sketch of Mrs. George Kuhn Clarke 135 

Comment on the Founders of Liberty in America . . . .139 

Matthew Page Andrews 
Honor Roll of the Daughters of the American Revolution 

Magazine 144 

Historic Turnpike Roads and Toll-Gates 145 

Major Fred J. Wood 

The Story of the British War Paintings 152 

Katharine Calvert Goodwin 

The Little Bugler of the Aisne 163 

Woodbury Pulsifer 

Service Medals of the British Red Cross 164 

The Children of the American Revolution 166 

Helen E. Stout 

Work of the Chapters 168 

Genealogical Department 176 

National Board of Management— Official List of ... . 183 



Publication Office, 227 South Sixth Street. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 


Chairman Magazine Committee, Waterford, Conn. Editor, Memorial Continental Hall. Washington, D. C. 

Genealogical Editor, Annapolis, Md. 


Single Copy, 15 Cents Yearly Subscription, Si. 00 Canadian Postage 30 Cents Additional 


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daj^^&tjfci in/n^.yca t .jju!^ AuMsuja^Li^t^^„.Auft^{2ia7ii) ^^//v ^u 

Photo by Handy, Washington 






VOL. LIII, No. 3 

MARCH, 1919 

WHOLE No. 320 


By John C. Fitzpatrick 
Assistant Chief, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress 

|MER1CA, to-day at war, is wait- 
ing upon a peace negotiation in 
Europe. Twice before has the 
United States been in this same 
position. The first time marked 
our emergence from a war that 
gave us place among the nations of the 
world. It is a far cry from that war with 
its muskets and brass cannon to the 
machine-guns and field artillery of to- 
day; yet the diplomatic happenings and 
the demobilization of troops at the close 
of the American Revolution is, in some 
ways, curiously like the progress of 
affairs since the armistice of November. 
The peace that ended the Revolution- 
ary War was nearly two years in negotia- 
tion. Cornwallis surrendered in October, 

1781, and it was not until November 30, 

1782, that the Provisional Articles of 
Peace between Great Britain and the 
United States were signed at Paris. 
These Provisional Articles, or, as they 
are often called, the Preliminary Treaty 
of Peace, provided that, as agreed upon, 

they were to be inserted in and to con- 
stitute the treaty of peace to be concluded 
later between Great Britain and the 
United States and this definitive treaty 
was not to be concluded until peace terms 
were agreed upon between Great Britain 
and France and, even then, not until His 
Britannic Majesty was ready to conclude 
such a treaty. An immediate cessation of 
all hostilities on land and sea was pro- 
vided for in these Articles and that all 
prisoners should be liberated and the 
British troops and fleets withdrawn from 
the United States. The wording of these 
Articles, however, left Great Britain so 
entirely unhampered that Washington 
was of the opinion that one more cam- 
paign would be necessary before the war 
ended. An armistice for the mutual 
cessation of all hostilities was agreed 
upon and signed by both the British and 
American commissioners on January 20, 
1783, at Versailles. 

The first news of this was received 
from Lafayette, who dispatched a fast- 




sailing corvette from Spain February 5, 
outstripping Benjamin Franklin's official 
despatches of January 21 by over two 
weeks and reaching Congress March 24, 
the same day that the Provisional Articles 
of Peace were received from Sir Guy 
Carleton, through Washington. The first 
real peace move in America was taken at 
once by Congress ordering the recall of 
all United States armed vessels from the 
sea. April 10, Franklin's despatches 
arrived and were read in Congress the 
next day. The proclamation announcing 
the cessation of hostilities according to 
the terms of the armistice of January 20 
was published by Congress April 11. 
Three days later the release of naval pris- 
oners was ordered and the Commander- 
in-Chief directed to arrange for releasing 
all land prisoners. On April 18 Washing- 
ton proclaimed in general orders that hos- 
tilities on the part of the Continental 
forces would cease at noon the next day, 
so that from the signing of the armistice 
at Versailles to the actual cessation of 
the war on the sea was exactly two 
months and five days and on land, three 
months, lacking one day. The first gun 
of the Revolution had been fired April 
19, 1775, and hostilities officially ceased 
by Washington's order April 19, 1783, so 
that the actual fighting period of the 
Revolution lasted eight years to the day. 
The real treaty of peace, or rather the 
signatory agreement which made the Pre- 
liminary Articles definitive and perma- 
nent, was not signed until four months 
and a half later; but public opinion in 
America accepted the situation as so con- 
clusive that Congress forced the release 
of the troops until the army was reduced 
to skeleton proportions almost at once. 
Toward the end of May Alexander 
Hamilton, then a member of Congress, 
moved and carried a resolution instruct- 
ing the Commander-in-Chief to grant fur- 

loughs to the non-commissioned officers 
and soldiers enlisted for the war, wha 
were to be finally discharged as soon as 
the definitive peace was concluded. Offi- 
cers, in proportion to the number of men 
furloughed, were to be released and the 
Commander-in-Chief and the Secretary 
of War were to take measures for march- 
ing the troops to their respective homes in 
such manner as would be most convenient 
to the troops themselves and the states 
through which they had to pass. 

Negotiations in Europe dragged along, 
but the feeling in America that peace was 
already an accomplished fact outstripped 
the fact itself. Had Franklin, Adams 
and Jay failed in their negotiation the 
resultant situation in the United States 
is difficult to imagine. Washington moved 
as directed by Congress, and six months 
after the signing of the Provisional 
Articles and four months after the armis- 
tice agreement the first steps were taken 
toward demobilizing the Continental 
Army. The first thing done was to pre- 
pare returns of the men entitled to fur- 
loughs. Soldiers who wished to remain 
in the service had the privilege of doing 
so ; the officers who were to remain with 
the army were decided upon by agreement 
among themselves. The commanders of 
the various state lines were to make the 
necessary arrangements to march their 
commands home, select the routes and see 
that the men were properly officered ; the 
contractors who supplied the army were 
ordered to lay up stores of provisions 
along the lines of march ; the men were 
permitted to retain their arms and 
accoutrements and the musicians their 
drums and fifes. 

The first troops to march from the 
Newburgh camp on June 5 were the 
Marylanders under Major Thomas Lans- 
dale and his instructions were to proceed 
along a designated route to Baltimore " in 



the most easy and convenient manner " 
for the troops and the inhabitants of the 
country through which they passed ; his 
instructions concluded : 

Relying on your attention to preserve good 
order and the reputation of your corps, and 
wishing you and them an agreeable march 
I am, Sir, 

With great esteem, 

Your most humbl Servt 

The army was so rapidly reduced by 
the steady departure of regiments that 
within a week orders were issued to dis- 
continue the daily parade of all troops 
except the guards and in less than two 
weeks after the departure of the Mary- 
land battalion the remnant of the army 
was ordered to break camp and take sta- 
tion at West Point ; the light troops were 
formed into a special corps and moved 
down into Westchester County in antici- 
pation of the evacuation of New York 
City by the British. 

Before the army broke camp at New- 
burgh, however, the last Badges of Mili- 
tary Merit were bestowed upon the non- 
commissioned officers and privates who 
had won them by " singularly meritorious 
action." This badge consisted of the 
figure of a heart, in purple cloth or silk, 
edged with narrow lace or binding which 
the soldier wore on his facings over the 
left breast. Along with the badge went 
a certificate signed by the Commander- 
in-Chief and the honor man's name was 
recorded in a Book of Merit, kept for that 
purpose at the orderly office. The con- 
ferring of this honor was announced in 
general orders and in one case at least 
by the Commander-in-Chief's proclama- 
tion. Service stripes were another honor. 
The men who are to-day wearing a silver 
chevron on their left sleeve for every six 
months of service in the United States 
may feel an additional pride that the 
ancestry of the insignia traces back to a 

similar badge of honor in the Continental 
Army and the only difference between 
them is the length of service which each 
stripe represents and the material of 
which it is made. In the Continental 
Army they were called " honorary badges 
of distinction " and were awarded to pri- 
vates and non-commissioned officers who 
had served more than three years " with 
bravery, fidelity and good conduct. The 
badge was " a narrow piece of white 
cloth of an angular form to be fixed to 
the left arm of the uniform coat. For 
six years' service two pieces set on paral- 
lel to each other in a similar form." The 
men thus distinguished were on all occa- 
sions " to be treated with particular con- 
fidence and consideration." 

From June until September matters 
rested while the news from Europe was 
awaited with dragging patience. By 
August Washington was fairly confident 
that the war was really over and on Sep- 
tember 19 he wrote to Congress regarding 
the f urloughed men : 

On the footing they stand at present a 
considerable expense without a prospect of 
an adequate benefit is incurred; unless the 
impolicy of giving by Public proclamation, 
while the British forces remain in New York, 
authenticity to the discharges can be deemed 
such — I call them discharges because it is in 
this light the Furloughs have been all along 
considered, and no call, I am persuaded, will 
bring the common soldiery back to their 
Colours — the whole matter therefore lyes in 
ballancing properly between the expense of 
delay and the public annunciation at an epoch 
which may be premature. 

One result of this letter was a heated 
discussion in Congress between those 
who sought to reduce the federal expenses 
and those who were opposed to discharg- 
ing the army while the British forces were 
still in America. A compromise was 
reached September 24th when Congress 
by a secret resolve attempted to put the 
entire responsibility on the shoulders 
of Washington by authorizing him to 


discharge such part of the army as he 
deemed proper and expedient. Two days 
later Congress pubHcly authorized the 
furloughing of all general, medical, staff 
and engineer officers not needed for the 
troops in actual service. For nearly a 
month longer the question of discharging 
the troops was discussed ; finally on Octo- 
ber 18, Congress, " in consequence of a 
letter from General Washington of Sep- 
tember 19, 1783," issued the proclamation 
disbanding the Continental Army on 
November 3 (a reproduction of this proc- 
lamation from the Continental Congress 
Papers in the Library of Congress is 
shown as the frontispiece). This proc- 
lamation, in discharging the troops, gave 
them " the thanks of their country for 
their long, eminent and faithful services." 
The troops thus discharged had all 
reached their homes and by November 
3d the vast majority of them were again 
absorbed in civil life. November 25, the 
British evacuated New York, but it was 
not until December 13 that news of the 
signing of the Definitive Treaty of Peace, 

at Paris, on September 3, reached Con- 
gress. The Definitive Treaty was practi- 
cally identical in wording with the Pre- 
liminary Articles signed, November 30, 
1782, and was very short, consisting 
only of about 1500 words, if the preamble 
and promulgating paragraph are not 
counted. It was published by proclama- 
tion of Congress January 14, 1784. 

The time consumed in negotiating this 
peace, in which France, Spain and Hol- 
land as well as the United States were 
concerned, stretched over two years, for 
the actual negotiations commenced early 
in 1782. It took nearly a year to evolve 
the Preliminary Articles, which were so 
very contingent as to raise grave doubts 
of their value to the United States. It 
took nearly two months to progress from 
the Preliminary Articles to a cessation of 
hostilities and over seven months after 
that to obtain a definite and binding 
treaty, while if we add to this the time 
taken for the new^s to reach America, 
peace was not officially obtained for over 
ten months after the fighting ceased. 


Among the letters received daily at Memorial Continental Hall commend- 
ing the Daugjiters of the American Revolution Magazine is the following: 



'■With the Colors" 

National Society of the D.A.R. 
Washington, D. C. 

February 2, 1919. 

To Whom It May Concern : 

Enclosed find check for one dollar. Please enter me for subscription 
to your monthly magazine. 

As a student of history and a Son of the American Revolution, I find 
it invaluable. 

I l)eg to remain, Respectfully yours, 

, . . Harry W. Newman. 

808 Maryland Ave., N. E. 
Washingon, D. C. 

P- S. — Please send to the above address, mv home at present. I am 
still in the army. — H. N. 


HEODORE ROOSEVELT is dead, admired and mourned alike by his adher- 
ents and opponents. I know of no better precept for our great organization 
than is contained in the last words he penned. " There can be no divided 
allegiance. Any man who says he is an American, but something else also, 
isn't an American at all. We have room for but one flag, the American flag. 
We have room for but one language here, and that is the English language, 
and we have room for but one soul, loyalty, and that is the loyalty of the 

American people. There must be no sagging in the fight for Americanism merely 

because the war is over." 

The time for thought about our Continental Congress is rapidly approaching. I 
look forward to a large attendance of earnest and enthusiastic Daughters. The speakers 
on the opening night this year will be prominent women; this is a departure from the 
usual custom, but one that will make us all proud that we are women. 

Two evenings will be given to the State Regents' reports. These reports will show 
such a volume of patriotic achievements that any delegate who fails to hear every word 
will regret it always. 

Do not forget that this year action will be taken upon the revision of the Constitu- 
tion and By-Laws. Look over the proposed revision as sent to all Chapters and come 
to Congress prepared to act intelligently and promptly. The committee has been 
working for two years to present to Congress a Constitution in keeping with the magni- 
tude and importance of our organization. Consider it carefully, looking only to the 
greatest good of the entire Society. Be prepared to discuss freely points upon which 
discussion will be helpful, and resolve in the end to acquiesce cheerfully to the require- 
ments of the adopted Constitution, as agreed upon by the vote of the majority. 


In April, the anniversary of our country's entrance into the world war, will begin 
the drive for the Fifth Liberty Loan, to be called the Victory Loan. 

Let us resolve to make it our Victory Loan and redeem our pledge to the Govern- 
ment that the National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution would subscribe 
$100,000 in bonds to meet the nation's needs. 

We have already purchased $61,000 worth of registered bonds in the third and 
fourth issues, and have $5000 more for investment in the fifth loan. 

If every Daughter will do her part, the entire $100,000 will be raised without hard- 
ship to any one. Will you not all work together to accomplish this end? 

Since I have been your President General it has been my good fortune to visit 
officially twenty state conferences, and in the years immediately before I became Presi- 
dent General the conferences of eleven other states; one or more chapters in nine other 
states have also been visited in the past two years. 

It has been a matter of real regret to me that I have been compelled, because of 
conflicting dates, to decline a number of invitations which would have given me much 
pleasure to accept. 

These visits have taken me from the Atlantic to the Pacific Coast twice, and from 
the far North to the far South. There are only thirteen of our states w'hose conferences 
or chapters have not been visited, three of these being Alaska, Hawaii and the Orient. 
With the exception of these three far-distant chapters (as each of these places has only 
one chapter), and the states of Arizona, Louisiana, Montana. Nevada. New Mexico. North 
and South Dakota, South Carolina, Wyoming and the District of Columbia, I can speak 
from personal observation of the splendid patriotic work being done by our great Society. 



Bv Elise Thomson Clark 

X the days of the Revolution, 
there was Hving in Orange 
County, \"irginia. a patriotic 
gentleman whom the Lord had 
hlessed with twelve sons ; ten of 
these he sent forth to war and 
the eleventh and 
twelfth would. 
no doubt, have 
joined their 
brothers had not 
the one died of 
smallpox four- 
teen years be- 
fore the Colo- 
n i e s rebelled 
and the other 
been only seven 
years old wdien 
the Declaration 
of Independence 
was signed. 

This patriot 
was George 
Taylor, who was 
born on Febru- 
ary 11, 1707, and died on November 4, 
1792. His first wife — the mother of 
eleven sons — was Rachel Gibson, who 
lost her life from smallpox soon after 
the death of the son from whom she had 
contracted the disease by insisting on 
acting as nurse. In 1767 Taylor mar- 
ried Mrs. Sarah Talliaferro Conway, 
widow of Captain Francis Conway, 
whose maiden name was Talliaferro. 

The record of these ten brave soldier 
sons is ^o remarkable that I have thought 
it worthy a place in our magazine. 

James Taylor (born 1738, died 1799) 
w^as sergeant major in the Continental 

BORN MARCH 14, 1674. 

Line and was rewarded for his services 
by a grant of 200 acres of bounty land. 

Jonathan Taylor (born 1742, died 
1804) was lieutenant in the Virginia 
Convention Guards. The prisoners taken 
at Burgoyne's surrender, October. 1777, 
were called the 
C o n \' e n t i o n 
Troops and 
w^ere located in 
a camp near 
ville, Albemarle 
County, A' i r - 
ginia. Congress, 
fearful lest 
C o r n w a 1 1 i s 
might, by forced 
marches from 
the Carolinas, 
retake these 
prisoners, had 
issued orders 
for them to be 
closely guarded 
(see W'ood's 
"Albemarle County in Virginia"). 

Edmund Taylor (born 1744, died 1788) 
was captain in the Virginia State Line. 

It is a loss to us that Francis Taylor 
(born 1747, died 1799) was never mar- 
ried, for his descendants could point with 
pride to his rise — first captain in the Sec- 
ond Virginia Regiment; then major of 
Fifteenth Virginia Regiment ; afterwards 
lieutenant colonel of the Virginia Con- 
vention Guards and finally colonel of the 
same regiment. 

Richard Taylor (born 1749, died 
1825) twice wounded in the defense of 
his country, was captain in the Virginia 

DIED JUNE 23, 1729 



navy and commanded a squadron in the 
Chesapeake Bay which captured several 
British vessels. A severe wound in his 
knee made him retire from active service 
in November. 1781, but as soon as Rich- 
ard could hobble around on his crutches 
he was ap- 
pointed by the 
governor chief 
officer of the 
navy and re- 
ceived the rank 
of commodore. 

says (" Donald 
son ") : " The 
engagement i n 
which he re- 
ceived this lat- 
ter wound oc- 
curred in No- 
vem'ber, 1781, 
and was with a 
British cruiser 
off the capes of 
Virginia, near 
the entrance of 
Chesapeake Bay. 
The sea was 
calm and the 
breeze insuffi- 
cient to manipulate his verse!. Captain 
Taylor, therefore, determined to attack 
the Englishman in open boats, and board 
and capture her by a hand-to-hand fight. 
As his boats approached the enemy, they 
were the target for volley after volley 
from the guns of the British, but without 
damage to any of them. It looked as if 
the Americans would have an easy task 
in getting into close quarters and board- 
ing the English ships as their gunners 
continued to overshoot the mark, when 
one of Captain Taylor's young and enthu- 
siastic sailors cried out in foolish bravado 

BORN 1679. DIED 1762 

to the English gunners, ' \\'hy don't you 
elevate your metal ? ' ( that is, elevate the 
breeches of their guns) whereupon the 
British, taking tlie hint, poured a well- 
aimed volley of grape-shot into Captain 
Taylor's boat, killing a number of his men 
and wounding 
him severely. It 
was the bra\e 
captain's last 
battle. He was 
compelled t o 
beat a retreat 
and a b a n d o n 
all further at- 
tempts to capture 
the enemy." 

xVt the close 
of the war Mr- 
g i n i a " s navy 
consisted only of 
Captain Taylor's 
old ships, the 
Patriot and the 
Tartar. Rich- 
a r d ' s braver}- 
w a s inherited 
b y his son. 
known as Col- 
onel " Hopping 
Dick " on ac- 
count of a lame- 
ness caused by a ^^•ound received in the 
War of 1812. Of him General Harri- 
son was known to have said: "If I 
wanted a man to storm the gates of Hell. 
I v.'ould send Dick Taylor ! " 

The old patriot. Colonel George Taylor, 
had passed away many years before and 
did not live to rejoice in the bravery of 
his grandson. 

John Taylor (born 1751, died ) 

lost his life for his country. He had risen 
from midshipman to lieutenant in his 
brother Richard's command when he was 
captured by the British and died on the 




old Jersey prison ship at New York. 

William Taylor, not to be outdone by 
his brothers, advanced from first lieu- 
tenant in the Second Virginia Regiment 
to captain and then was made major of 
the Ninth Virginia Regiment. He had 
5333^ acres of bounty land. 

Charles Taylor (born 1755. died 1821 j 
went William one better with a grant of 
6000 acres, so highly were his services 
appreciated as surgeon of the Virginia 
Convention Guards. He married Sarah 
Conway, the daughter of his father's 
second wife. 

Reuben Taylor (born 1757, died ) 

was first lieutenant of the Canadian Regi- 
ment and soon rose to captain. 

Benjamin Taylor, last but not least 

(born 1759, died ) served under his 

brother Richard as midshipman and re- 
ceived for his services 26667^ acres 
of land. 

George Taylor, the father, had an in- 
heritance of courageous blood. He was 
the son of James Taylor, II, and his 
beautiful wife, Martha Thompson. In 
pioneer days they lived on the frontier 
where they had many opportunities to 
display bravery. 

For an incident in the life of Martha 
we are indebted to Mrs. Elizabeth H. 
Taylor-Buford, of San Bernardino, Cali- 
fornia, who gives the following account 
of her vivacious kinswoman : " One day, 
when her husband and elder sons were 
some distance from the house preparing 
a field for planting, three savages crept 
from the forest near by, and suddenly 
darted into the kitchen where she was 
superintending the preparation of dinner. 
Their intent was evidently hostile, but 
they were not prepared for her method 
of defense. As they pushed their way 
into the kitchen and made for the house 





adjoining, she seized a ladle, dipped it 
into a pot of hot mush and dashed the 
boiling liquid on their naked bodies. 
Howling with rage and pain, they fled into 
the house and hid under a bed, where she 
bravely held them at bay, threatening 
them with further doses of the mush, 
until her husband and sons returned and 
captured them." 

Beverly's " History of Virginia " tells 
of James Taylor, H, being a colonel in a 
regiment of Colonial militia. He was 
also a member of the House of Burgesses 
from King and Queen County and sur- 
veyor-general for the Colony. 

The ancestral home was called 
" Bloomsbury " which Colonel James 
Taylor built in the year 1722 when he 
moved to Orange, and it is said to be 
the oldest house in that county. 

Mr. Anderson says that Colonel Tav- 

lor " towards the close of his life, gave 
this place to his eldest son James Taylor, 
HI, and built for himself a house some 
two miles nearer to Orange Court House, 
which he named ' Greenfield,' and there 
he died June 23, 1729, aged fifty-five. 
His widow, Martha Thompson, survived 
him thirty-three years, until November 
19. 1762, at which time she was eighty- 
three. Both were buried in the family 
grave-yard at ' Greenfield,' as were their 
children and grandchildren, whose tombs, 
though sadly neglected and broken, are 
still in existence. 

" George Taylor's own home was 
known as * Midland,' situated about two 
miles northeast of Orange Court House, 
between ' Bloomsbury ' and ' Greenfield.' 
These three places were all in sight of 
each other, and it was the custom, when- 
ever visitors arrived for dinner at any 



one of them ( which occurred nearly 
every day), to hoist a flag as a signal 
to the other houses and an invitation for 
the rest of the clan to come over and join 
in the festivities." 

One of George Taylor's sisters married 
Ambrose Madison and was the grand- 
mother of President Madison, and his 
brother, Zachar}^ Taylor, was the grand- 
father of President Zachary Taylor, 
whose daughter, Sarah, was the first wife 
of President Jefferson Davis. 

High connections these for the Orange 
County farmer who did not depend upon 
his children and relatives for prominence. 

He was repeatedly elected clerk of 

Orange County which he had served as 
justice of the peace and magistrate for 
eleven years ; 1748-1758, he was a mem- 
ber of the House of Burgesses, and in 
1755 was commissioned by Governor 
Dinwiddle, colonel of the Orange County 
militia. He served in the French and 
Indian \\'ars, w^as a member of the 
Orange County Committee of Safety in 
1774 and a member of the \'irginia Con- 
vention of 1775. 

I have taken pains to verify all these 
Revolutionary records of the ten sons of 
the patriot. In this I had the assistance 
of Morgan P. Robinson, accomplished 
Archivist of Virginia State Librarv. 



The Nineteenth Annual Conference of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution was 
held at Burlington as guest of the Green 
Mountain Chapter on December 4, 1918. 

Mrs. H. R. Watkins was State Regent pre- 
siding. Mrs. A. B. Engrem gave the invoca- 
tion. Mrs. D. A. Loomis gave the welcome to 
Burlington, and the response by Airs. L. C. 
Russell, of Middlebury. The report of the 
state officers and the record of the state 
meeting of the Twenty-seventh Continental 
Congress. Mrs. Watkins, of Montpelier, 
Chairman of the Patriotic Educational Com- 
mittee, gave a very interesting appeal for the 
defective and degenerate children. Mrs. 
John P. Hume presented the " Desecration 
of the Flag." Mrs. Chas. Reed, of South 
Hero, brought questions from the Daugh- 
ters of 1812. Miss Terrill gave a very inter- 
esting talk on food conservation and what 
must be done the coming year. 

Reports from chapter regents showing 

how much work had been done for war relief 

The Honorary Regent was present from 
Albany, N. Y., also Mrs. De Boer Coates and 
Mrs. Clayton North, of Shoreham. 

Election of officers was as follows : State 
Regent, Mrs. Harris R. Watkins, of Burling- 
ton; State Vice Regent, Miss Jemmie Val- 
entine, of Bennington; Recording Secretary, 
Mrs. Arthur S. Isham, of Burlington; Corre- 
sponding Secretary, Mrs. Jerome F. Down- 
ing, of Essex Junction; State Treasurer, Mrs. 
Esther L. Edwards, of Poultney; State 
Auditor, Mrs. W. G. Root, of Brattleboro; 
State Historian, Mrs. F. H. Gillingham. of 
Woodstock; State Chaplain, Mrs. A. B. 
Engrem, of Rutland; State Librarian, Airs. 
A. B. Lamb, of Burlington. 

A reception was held in the evening at the 
beautiful home of Airs. H. R. Watkins. 
Ada Fairbanks Gillingham, 

State Historian. 












^Si: ^sni^s 



Historian General of the Daughters of the American Revolution 

was born in Richmond, Maine, 
the eighth of the ten children 
of Harrison and EHzabeth 
(Prentiss) Dudley. She was 
eighth in descent from Governor 
Thomas Dudley, through his eldest son, 
the Rev. Samuel Dudley, of Exeter, New 
Hampshire. Thomas Dudley was the 
second Governor of the Massachusetts 
Bay Colony, and one of the most promi- 
nent of the first settlers of Massachu- 
setts ; was the chief founder of the town 
of Cambridge, and as Governor signed the 
original Charter of Harvard College. 

Through the marriages of her Dudley 
ancestors Mrs. Clarke was descended 
from the families of Gilman, Folsom, 
Perkins and that of the Rev. Stephen 
Bachelder, all eminent in the annals of 
New Hampshire from its first settlement. 
Among her ancestors in Eastern Massa- 
chusetts were the early Fosters, Wares, 
Hunttings, Metcalfs and Fairbankses, all 
well known in the history of the Colony 
and Province. 

On her mother's side she was de- 
scended in the eighth generation from 
Valentine Prentiss, who came to this 
country in 1631, and was numbered 
among the leading inhabitants of Rox- 
bury. Mrs. Clarke's maternal grand- 
father, Jesse Prentiss, was a soldier of 

the War of 1812, and her great-grand- 
father, Valentine Prentiss, had a long and 
honorable record in the War of the 
American Revolution. Early in the war 
he enlisted for its entire period, as but 
few men did, saw the most severe service, 
including the winter at Valley Forge, and 
left the name of a genuine patriot. There 
are anecdotes of the expedients which his 
energetic young wife adopted to maintain 
the home and to care for her little chil- 
dren in those hard years. 

Through the marriages of her Prentiss 
ancestors Mrs. Clarke was descended 
from the pioneer W^alkers and Minors 
of Connecticut, the latter a prominent 
family, also from the families of Varney, 
Canney, Otis, Stoughton, Austin and 
others in New Hampshire and what is 
now Maine. Some of these progenitors 
of her mother were noted Friends or 
Quakers, and her Dudley ancestors had 
adopted that faith in the early part of 
the eighteenth century, and married 
accordingly. The famous Quaker 
preacher, Sybil Jones, was a cousin of 
her father. With such a heritage, and 
herself a typical New England woman, 
she felt an interest in the past and a 
profound reverence for the institutions 
that characterized New England and the 
United States. 

When she was a small child her parents 





removed to Massachusetts, living first in 
Fairhaven, shortly afterward locating in 
New Bedford for some years, and then 
establishing themselves finally in Cam- 
bridge, where Ellen graduated from the 
Cambridge High School. 

On March 16, 1881, she was married 
to George Kuhn Clarke, who later became 
a lawyer, and who was the only son of 
Samuel Greeley Clarke, First Scholar 
in the Class of 1851 of Harvard Uni- 
versity, and grandson on his mother's 
side of the Honorable George H. Kuhn 


A. R., DIED JANUARY 15, 1919 

of 66 Beacon Street, Boston. Mr. Clarke 
is well known in the business community, 
and has since his boyhood been interested 
not only in American history but in 
European history and politics. In recog- 
nition of his scholarship, Dartmouth Col- 
lege conferred upon him in 1905 the 
Honorary degree of A.M. He is a mem- 
ber of the Dedham Country and Polo 
Club, and of many historical societies. 
Only two of Mrs. Clarke's brothers lived 
to manhood, and they were both lawyers. 
She had one daughter, Miss Eleanor 



Clarke, who is a member of the Junior 
League of Boston and of the Sewing 
Circle of 1912, her debutante year. 

For years after Mrs. Clarke's marriage 
she devoted herself to her home, living 
fully half of the year in the historic house 
in Needham, which had been bought as a 
summer residence by the Honorable 
George H. Kuhn. This house was built 
in 1720, and was the home of the minis- 
ters of the First Church for more than 
a century. In a brick vault in the cellar 
had been stored the ammunition used at 
the battles of Lexington and Concord by 
the men of this locality. The East Com- 
pany of militia was drawn up in the drive- 
way early in the morning of the nine- 
teenth of April, 1775, to receive the am- 
munition and their minister's blessing. 
Her husband and his family were closely 
associated with this town, and she identi- 
fied herself with the social life there, and 
with the church work, as she did later 
extensively in Cambridge. In 1886 Mr. 
and Mrs. Clarke built a house in Cam- 
bridge, on land which had been in his 
family since 1640. This was her winter 
home until her death. She was a home 
maker, a housekeeper of the old New 
England type, who kept everything in 
perfect order, and who neglected no 
details. Her skill with the needle was 
exceptional, and to the last she enjoyed 
doing elaborate and beautiful embroid- 
ery ; she adorned her home largely by 
the work of her own hands. She had a 
gracious manner, was kindly and affec- 
tionate, and absolutely straightforward 
and honest. She was a beauty in her 
younger days, and a very handsome 
woman to the end. 

When the descendants of the soldiers 
of the American Revolution began to 
organize, it appealed to her at once, and 
she early joined both the Daughters 
of the American Revolution and the 

Daughters of the Revolution, becoming 
a member of the Bunker Hill Chapter of 
Boston in the former, and of the Sarah 
Hull Chapter of Newton in the latter. 
In a few years her interest in the 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
prevailed, and she resigned both from 
the Daughters of the Revolution and 
from the Daughters of 1812. 

She had identified herself with the 
Paul Revere Chapter, D.A.R., of Boston, 
and from May 5, 1910, until May 1, 1913, 
was its Regent, and devoted much time 
to this service. In April, 1917, she was 
elected Historian General of the National 
Society for three years, and gave the best 
that she possessed to her work. 

She had a logical mind, and for years 
belonged to classes in parliamentary law, 
and was an admirable presiding officer. 
She was a fine speaker, with a clear and 
far-reaching voice, and in her girlhood 
had excelled in amateur theatricals. It 
is a singular coincidence that her future 
husband first saw her when she was enact- 
ing a part in theatricals, and he was in 
the audience, and she first saw him when 
he was on the stage and she was in the 
audience. Mr. Clarke until recent years 
was greatly interested in the drama. 

Among the organizations with which 
she has been associated are the following : 
The National Officers' Club, D.A.R., the 
Ex-Regents' Club of Massachusetts, 
D.A.R., the historic and aristocratic 
Fragment Society of Boston, the Boston 
Browning Society, the New England 
Women's Club, and the Needham His- 
torical Society. At various periods she 
held the offices of director, treasurer, and 
president of the Cambridge Branch of the 
Women's Alliance of Unitarian and other 
Christian Churches, director of the South 
Middlesex (Massachusetts) Conference 
(Unitarian), director of the Cambridge 
Young Women's Christian Association, 



registrar of the Massachusetts Society of 
the Daughters of 1812, and chairman of 
the Tuesday Class of Cambridge. She 
was active in the Women's Anti-Suffrage 
Association, and in 1915 was one of its 
volunteer speakers. 

When the New Year. 1919, came, she 
seemed to be in excellent health, and 
made her plans for months in advance. 
On Monday, January 13, she was the 
guest of the Old South Chapter of Bos- 
ton, and had a pleasant time. On Tues- 
day evening she retired rather early, bid- 
ding her family a cheerful and affection- 
ate good night, saying that she was to be 
in the receiving line at a reception of the 
D.A.R. at the Copley Plaza Hotel 
Wednesday afternoon, and in the even- 
ing was to attend a dinner given by the 
State Regent. Her family, who wor- 
shipped her, and who were very depend- 
ent upon her, never heard her voice again. 
Early in the morning of Wednesday she 
was stricken, and died in a few hours. 

Her funeral was at her Cambridge home 
at 2.30 o'clock on Saturday afternoon, 
January 18th, and the Rev. Arthur W. 
Littlefield, of Xeedham, olificiated there 
and at Mount x\uburn, where she was 
buried in the Kuhn-Clarke family lot. 
Through the thoughtf ulness of the Presi- 
dent General the Obsequies Flag was 
sent from Washington, and was suitably 
placed at the funeral. The presence of 
this flag, which had been used at the 
funerals of prominent women, was a trib- 
ute that she would have valued and 
appreciated. She had friends in many 
states, and every honor has been shown 
to her memory. 

No organization ever lost a more loyal 
and devoted member than did the 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
when Ellen Dudley Clarke was taken sud- 
denly, in her zenith, and, it seemed to 
those who loved her, with her life not 
yet all lived and her work in the world 
not yet completed. 


To insure receiving copies of the cur- 
rent issue of the Dauc.hters of the 
American Revolution Magazine, sub- 
scribers should send in their names with- 
out delay. Make all checks and money 
orders payable to the Treasurer Gen- 
eral, N. S. D. A. R. 

With the rapidly increasing circula- 
tion of the magazine the editions for 
January and Fel)ruary. 1919. were ex- 
hausted soon after publication, there- 
fore new subscriptions will, of neces- 

sity, commence with the current issue. 

The subscription price of the maga- 
zine is only one dollar a year. 

Make your renewal promptly. It may 
be sent to the local Chapter Magazine 
Chairman or to the Treasurer General. 
A colored renewal slip in the magazine 
notifies you when your subscription is 
out. Look for it. 
(Mrs. George Maynard) 

Anne Rogers Minor, 
Chairman Magazine Committee. 



By Matthew Page Andrews 

Author of "A Heritage of Freedom"; "History of the United States"; 
"United States History for Young Americans" 

SK any American citizen: 
" Who was the central figxire 
of the first permanent settle- 
ment on American shores? " and 
ninety-nine out of every hun- 
dred will promptly reply " John 
Smith." This answer will be given with 
equal readiness both by college profes- 
sors and by the youthful graduate of the 
grammar school history class. It will 
doubtless appear, also, that the only other 
figure the majority of the ninety-nine 
will recall to mind is that of Pocahontas. 
The remainder of our ideas of the 
Founders of American Liberty and of the 
beginnings of " government of the peo- 
ple, by the people, for the people," is 
somewhat vaguely involved in a general 
impression of the shiftlessness and in- 
competency of the rest of the settlers — 
the companions of that temporary col- 
onist but royally-approved historian, 
Captain John Smith, who is generally 
thought to have led his fellow-colonists 
about as Moses conducted through the 
Wilderness the wayward and wilful 
Children of Israel. In short, Americans 
have lost sight of the worth and work of 
the true Founders of Liberty in America 
and have been following — of late, more 

and more doubtfully — the testimony of 
a man who is so palpably a falsifier that 
his unsupported word should not be ac- 
cepted in any event. 

Again, ask the average cultivated 
American, of colonial stock or not, to 
name one or more of the English found- 
ers of Liberty in America and check up 
the result. It will be found that almost 
nothing is known and little has ever been 
written, in proportion to its importance, 
of the active interest shown in the found- 
ing of the first Anglo-American colony 
by such Englishmen as Sir Francis 
Bacon, William Shakespeare, and Henry 
Wriothesly, Earl of Southampton, the 
early patron of the greatest of Enghsh 
dramatists. John and Nicholas Ferrar" 
are almost wholly unknown, although 
they rescued from the destroying hands 
of James I at least some of the popular 
records of the Virginia Company, which 
body gave to America the actual phrase 
used by Thomas Jefferson in the Dec- 
laration of Independence one hundred 
and sixty-seven years later — that free 
people should have no government " putt 
upon them except by their own con- 
sente." Moreover, Sir Edwin Sandys, 
the leading founder of both our first 




great settlements — at Jamestown and at 
Plymouth — is rarely ever mentioned in 
our histories. 

On the American side, in the place of 
the adventurous sojourner, John Smith, 
we should recognize and honor the ser- 
vices of Captains Gabriel Archer, John 
Martin and John Ratclifife, who gave 
their lives and best efforts to the cause 
of colonization. They should further be 
remembered as the forerunners of the 
master spirits of the first free represen- 
tative assembly in America, of 1619, in 
which were numbered many of the an- 
cestors of our Revolutionary leaders. 

A third group of Englishmen to whom 
we owe less, perhaps, than the other two 
groups, are those who served a while in 
America and returned to England. 
Among these are : Sir Christopher New- 
port, who brought over the first colonists 
in 1607 ; George Percy, soldier, gov- 
ernor, and adventurer ; Sir Thomas 
Gates, who carried to Virginia the first 
Sandys-Bacon Charter of American Lib- 
erty in 1609; Lord De la Warr, who 
saved the colony in 1610; and then, in 
his proper place, Captain John Smith, 
whose world-wide experience in adven- 
ture with savage peoples was especially 
useful for purposes of exploration dur- 
ing his brief sojourn in the colony and 
in his subsequent survey of the New 
England coast. 

To some degree, the English Found- 
ers of Liberty in America are beginning 
to " come into their own." Neverthe- 
less, Sir Edwin Sandys, liberal member 
of Parliament and the active head of the 
Virginia or London Company, should be 
given special recognition as preeminently 
the Father of the free political institu- 
tions of colonial America and an origi- 
nator of the ideals, at least, of subsequent 
American religious toleration. To state 

briefly, he served the cause of freedom 
in upholding, on the one hand, the lib- 
erties of Englishmen against the auto- 
cratic encroachments of the king, James I, 
and, on the other hand, . in chartering 
and providing for a far greater measure 
of liberty in America. 

It should be recalled, also, that the 
great popular remonstrance of the Par- 
liament of 1604-1611 was the joint pro- 
duction of Sir Edwin Sandys and Sir 
Francis Bacon, who, in this connection, 
were rightly described by the historian 
Hume as " two men of the greatest 
parts and knowledge in England." As 
one of the incorporators of the Virginia 
Company, Sandys, not only led in estab- 
lishing political liberty in America, bul 
he held out the hope of religious tolera- 
tion in welcoming to the Virginia settle- 
ments the Pilgrim Fathers, and later in 
encouraging their colonization in New 
England. Not only did Edwin Sandys, 
together with Francis Bacon, draw up 
the Virginia Charters of 1609 and 1612, 
which established political liberty in 
Anglo-America, but it is not improbable 
that but for his aid and encouragement 
the Pilgrims would have been, for a time 
at least, balked in their eflForts to estab- 
lish a home for themselves in the New 
World. Indeed, one of the complaints 
set down against Sandys by an upholder 
of James I was that he was " opposed to 
monarchial [absolute] government in 
general " : and that he " had moved the 
Archbishop of Canterbury to give leave 
to the Brownists and Separatists to 
go to Virginia and designed to make 
a free popular State there:"' Further- 
more, it is significant to note that, of 
the number of liberal Englishmen of 
that time who were the king's political 
opponents, James I called Sandys '' our 
greatest enemy." This, in itself, is the 



highest compliment that could have been 
paid to the staunchest friend of liberal 
government in the Old World and the 
leading founder of popular institutions 
in the New. 

Sir Edwin Sandys' most loyal friend 
and co-patriot, Henry Wriothesly, third 
Earl of Southampton, is well known to 
devotees of English literature as the 
" friend of Shakespeare " ; but his chief 
title to fame and to the gratitude of 
posterity lies in the fact that he was 
second only to Sandys in furthering the 
cause of free government. Therefore, 
it is only just that Southampton should 
ever be recognized primarily as a founder 
of Anglo-American liberty rather than 
almost solely as the patron of literature 
and the friend of even so noble a 
genius as William Shakespeare. 

It is a fact worthy of special com- 
ment that, only in the past year or tw 
a professor of English literature in the 
University of California, seeking to 
make some amends for the neglect of 
the historians, took it upon himself to 
set forth the political and historical 
phase oi Shakespeare's interest in 
American colonization, together with 
the dramatist's personal relations with 
these inspired Englishmen, who, in spite 
of the early suspicion and ultimate open 
opposition of an exceptionally autocratic 
monarch, deliberately planned what has 
been well termed the " Greatest Politi- 
cal Experiment of the Ages." ^ 

Now that the names of Archer. 
Martin, and Ratcliffe have been 
mentioned, it is doubtless useful to bear 
in mind something in regard to their 

* Professor Charles Mills Gayley : '' Shakes- 
peare and the Founders of Liberty in America." 
Professor Gayley has, in title and book, natur- 
ally emphasized Shakespeare and English liter- 
ature above Sandys and political theory and 

services to the cause of Anglo-American 
colonization and also to Anglo-Celtic 
ideals of freedom. 

Captain Gabriel Archer should be 
honored as the first American to pro- 
pose a colonial assembly of freemen — a 
Parliament in the New World. He did 
not. it is true, secure what he wished 
under the government prescribed for the 
first two years of the colony by King 
James and which was then being con- 
ducted by the King's unpopular coun- 
cillor. John Smith. Indeed, Archer pro- 
posed a colonial assembly with the 
worthy object in view of doing away with 
arbitrary " Soveraigne rule " set up by 
Smith, who, as an appointee of the King, 
entertained a similar contempt for gov- 
ernment of and by the people. 

A student of law, Archer had been the 
recorder of the Gosnold voyage to the 
New England coast in 1602. In Vir- 
ginia, he was the first settler wounded 
by the Indians and he was the first re- 
corder or secretary of the Jamestown 
colony. With Ratclifife, Archer returned 
to England in 1609. doubtless to encour- 
age prospective immigrants and to give 
valuable testimony to the free spirits 
who were then framing the first charter 
of our liberties in America. 

And it is peculiarly significant that 
after Captain Archer had returned to 
A'irginia and had, during the winter 
of 1609, 1610, given his life for the set- 
tlement. John Archer, as his brother's 
heir, was given a share of land in Vir- 
ginia, while Captain Smith's profifer of 
his services was not only declined by the 
Sandys or " Patriot " party in the Vir- 
ginia Company, but ivas likexvise re- 
fused by the Pilgrims some ten years later. 
These comparative facts should be set 
down to Archer's credit, not with a view 
to belittling John Smith, but in order to 



offset this royally licensed historian's 
fierce criticism of Archer, from which 
unjust criticism the memory and services 
of the latter have suffered during the 
past three hundred years. 

Captain John Martin, who has been 
dismissed from our Anglo-American 
narratives partly because in John 
Smith's long-accepted narrative he was 
numbered among the other so-called 
*' tiffity-taffety " incompetents, is a char- 
acter who deserves special mention as 
the longest-lived and altogether most 
successful of all the early settlers. As 
against Smith's two years' sojourn at 
Jamestown, Martin may be credited with 
a service in active colonization, of at 
least twenty years, or ten times that of 
the vaunted and redoubtable adventurer 
whose version, of events has for so many 
years distorted our viewpoint of early 
American history. 

In looking up the record of this " tif- 
fity-taffety " ne'er-do-well, as described 
by Captain John Smith, it would seem 
not at all reasonable to suppose Martin 
was the incompetent insubordinate rep- 
resented by Smith. Unhke Smith, Mar- 
tin paid his debts to the colonization 
company and was a large subscriber 
thereto. He had taken a degree in law 
and had seen extended service in the 
British Xavy. In 1585, 1586 he com- 
manded one of the vessels in Drake's 
voyage, which visited and rescued the 
Roanoke colony. As a colonist, Martin 
survived all the ills of an unaccustomed 
climate, as well as the Indian massacre 
of 1622. In his undertakings he was so 
successful that from one who labored 
for greater freedom in \lrginia, he 
came, in time, to be looked upon as dan- 
gerously powerful, and even something 
of a reactionary or a colonial Tory. Be 
this as it may, his very success showed 

clearly that the historical estimate of his 
ability, or rather the lack of it, as as- 
serted by Smith, is a malicious false- 
hood. In the case of John Martin, the 
record of his long life in the colony — 
not referred to by himself but by others 
— makes it easier to disprove Smith's 
slander, in which the latter grouped to- 
gether in condemnation so many of our 
first colonists. 

In 1616, the Virginia Company " al- 
lowed Captain Martin in reward for his 
services ten shares of land." In 1622, 
the year of the Great Indian Massacre 
in Virginia, a large and influential group 
of Englishmen certified that John Mar- 
tin had been for a long time " a faithful 
servant of the Colony in Virginia ; a 
member of the First Council of Vir- 
ginia ; appointed Master of the Ordi- 
nance, fairly in open court ; that he had 
endured all the miseries and calamities 
forepost Times, with the loss of his 
Blood, the death of his only son " ; and 
that the Company had " granted him spe- 
cial privileges in his patent." The very 
broadness of this patent was the cause 
of dispute between Martin and the first 
House of Burgesses in Virginia ; for by 
its terms he was *' to enjoye his lands " at 
Martin's Brandon " in as lardge and 
ample manner, to all intentes and pur- 
poses, as any Lord of any Manours in 
England dothe hold his grounde." 

This patent, with its special preroga- 
tives, was probably too much for the 
more democratic spirit of the first Amer- 
ican settlers. The early Virginians 
would not allow Martin to exercise these 
exceptional prerogatives. They accord- 
ingly abridged them and ultimately forced 
Martin to accept a new patent, in defiance 
of the King's wishes. Martin was nat- 
urally a fighter. He did not yield what 



he held to be his rights without a pro- 
tracted struggle, and it may be cited 
against him that he was one of the few 
Virginians who voted in 1623 to sur- 
render the Virginia Charter to the 
Crown. Surely, however. Captain John 
Martin was no " tifJity-taffety " incom- 
petent under either the brief regime of 
Captain John Smith, or at any other 
time. On the contrary, Martin succeeded 
in his undertakings so well that his fel- 
low-colonists felt obliged to curb his 
claims built upon his own success and his 
patent of colonization. 

Captain John Ratclifife was the third 
member of the group especially consigned 
to infamy by Captain Smith. In the lat- 
ter's vainglorious chronicles, Ratclifife is 
not only numbered among the " tiifity-taf- 
fciy '" ne'er-do-wells of the first colony, 
but he is also called by Smith " a poor 
counterfeited imposture." 

Unfortunately, we know less about 
Ratcliffe than the other first settlers 
consigned to ignominy by the author 
of " The Generall Historic of Vir- 
ginia." Evidently, however. Ratclifte 
was a friend of Captain Gabriel Archer ; 
and it appears that he. with George 
Percy, saw considerable service in 
fighting the Spaniards in the Neth- 
erlands. There is some confusion about 
his name, a matter not uncommon 
in the seventeenth century, but he was 
no '■ counterfeited imposture " as Smith 
described him. He was President of the 
\'irginia Council 1607, 1608. After vis- 
iting England in company with Archer, 

he returned to Jamestown in 1609 and 
was subsequently betrayed and murdered 
by the treacherous Powhatan, in the fol- 
lowing winter. It is possible that, in the 
absence of true records of the colony, 
Ratcliffe's greatest claim to fame may 
be Captain Smith's denunciation of him 
on all possible occasions, the more espe- 
cially as this denunciation is nearly 
always linked with aluise of Captains 
Martin and Archer, who are better known 
to us, not through any writings of their 
own, but by what the records show they 
have actually accomplished. 

Let us remember and honor the names 
of these first settlers and give them 
the credit that is due them. Of the Eng- 
lish founders, the name of Sir Edwin 
Sandys should be honored above the rest. 
With him should be remembered South- 
ampton, the friend of Shakespeare, who 
enlisted, incidentally, the great drama- 
tist's interest in America, and Sir Francis 
Bacon, who drew up the Great Charter 
of free American institutions. 

Of the First Settlers zvho gave their 
lives to the cause of colonization, the 
greatest are those stigmatized by our 
first royally-licensed historian ; viz.^ 
Captains Gabriel Archer, John ]\Iartin„ 
and John Ratclifife. 

Finally, there are the men who served' 
the First Colony in connection with other 
enterprises. Of this number were Captaini 
John Smith, of doubtful memory as to 
good and ill ; Sir Christopher Newport : 
Lord De la Warr ; Admiral Gates ;. andl 
George Percy. 




In this Honor Roll the approximate Hst of membership in each State is shown 
in the outer rim, and the hst of subscribers according to States is in the inner circle 


The Magazine also has subscribers in 


Connecticut, at this date of publication, 
leads all States with 1022 subscribers 




By Major Fred J. Wood, U. S. Corps of Engineers 

Member New England Historic-Genealogical Society, American 
Society of Civil Engineers, Sons of the American Revolution 

AINE being a part of Massachu- 
setts until 1820, at which date 
the enthusiasm for turnpikes had 
largely abated, did not of itself 
fall a victim to the toll-road 
mania. But a few roads were 
chartered by the Massachusetts legisla- 
tion for the District of Maine of which 
we will take brief notice. Of those char- 
tered, five were built : the First Cumber- 
land, The Bath, The Wiscasset and Wool- 
wich, The Wiscasset and Augusta and 
the Camden. 

* This series commenced in the January, 
1919, Magazine. 

The First Cumberland Turnpike Cor- 
poration was incorporated June 24, 1802, 
and built the road in Scarborough 
which runs northeasterly about a mile 
and a half, commencing at Dunstan's 
Corner or West Scarborough. 

Just north of Old Orchard Beach is 
the narrow outlet of a broad area of 
marshland which extends inland for a 
distance of about three miles. The early 
road between Boston and Portland bore 
well inland to avoid this marshy tract 
and at West Scarborough made a wide 
detour around it. passing over Scottow's 
Hill, and traversing a length of over 




two and a half miles between points but 
little over a mile apart. Over this inter- 
val the turnpike was built, probably soon 
after the granting of the charter. 

Having information that Mr. Noah 
Pillsbury of West Scarborough was 
once the toll gatherer on the old road, 
the author sought him at his home one 
raw January day. Although seventy- 
eight years old Mr. Pillsbury was out 
discharging his duties as rural mail car- 
rier, but he soon returned and regaled 
his visitor with many items about the 
turnpike days. From 1847 to 1851 the 
road was free to all passers in consid- 
eration of annual payments of one 
hundred dollars which were made to 
the turnpike corporation by the pro- 
prietors of Vaughn's Bridge. That 
bridge extended from Portland to 
South Portland on the site of the monu- 
mental structure which recently set- 
tled to such an extent as to compel its 
closing. It was then a toll bridge and 
its owners, finding that the tolls col- 
lected by the First Cumberland diverted 
travellers from their bridge, took that 
method of removing the handicap. 

The road finally was purchased by 
the county and town jointly for twenty- 
five hundred dollars, and made free 
about 1854. 

The Camden Turnpike is to-day one 
of the, picturesque drives of Maine. 
Although its toll collecting days were 
from 1802 to 1834, the road is still 
known as the '' Turnpike." 

Megunticook Lake lay at the foot of 
a high precipice which was a part of 
Megunticook Mountain and the early 
road from Camden Harbor to Lincoln- 
ville Center had to climb over the 
mountain. It passed through narrow 
defiles, over lofty cliffs, and on the 
edge of precipices where a misstep 

would result in horse and rider being: 
hurled into rocky chasms hundreds of 
feet below.* Daniel Barrett made the 
journey safe and easy. 

He secured a charter to build a road 
along the lake, much of the way where 
only deep water was found. Huge 
rocks, loosened from the mountain, 
were tumbled over the precipice into the 
lake until a causeway appeared above 
the water on which the road was built. 
The Bath Turnpike was commonly 
known as Governor King's Turnpike 
from the fact that that official was its 
chief promoter and owner. Although 
the road was eight miles long the pro- 
ject was more of a toll bridge venture 
than a road, for the obstacle to travel 
offered by the New Meadows River 
was the difficulty to be overcome. But 
a turnpike was built and one which had 
a leading part in the development of 
central and eastern Maine. It followed 
the lines of the present Bath Street in 
Brunswick and Center Street in Bath,, 
the westerly terminus being on High 
Street on the north side of the Court 
House. Connecting by means of Day's. 
Ferry across the Kennebec, with the 
Wiscasset and Woolwich Turnpike 
which, in turn, connected with the Wis- 
casset and Augusta, it opened improved 
communication between Portland and 
the town which was to be the capital 
of the new state. 

The Wiscasset and Woolwich Turn- 
pike extended from the first najiied 
town to Day's Ferry which had been in 
operation since about 1755. The charter 
for the road was granted June 23, 1803. 
The Wiscasset and Augusta Turn- 
pike ran from the court house in Wis- 
casset to the newly built toll bridge 

* Robinson's History of Camden and Rock- 




over the Kennebec River at Augusta. 
This road was constructed about 1870. 
It is difficult to- 

Ahhough a very good route was offered 

to central New 

day to realize why 
our great-grand- 
fathers thought it 
important to avoid 
crossing state 
boundaries w i t h 
their lines of trans- 
portation. B u t 
such a view pre- 
vailed even into 
railroad days, some 
of the earlier rail- 
roads being com- 
pelled t o follow 
tageous routes to 
keep them in the 
state of their origin. 
From such a mis- 
apprehension came 
the demand for the 
first New Hamp- 
shire Turnpike. 





Hampshire by way 
of the Merrimac 
Valley, such a road 
passed through 
Massachusetts and 
a demand arose for 
a turnpike connect- 
ing Concord with 
the seacoast which 
should be wholly 
within New Hamp- 

This road, chart- 
ered in 1796, was 
pro m p 1 1 y com- 
pleted, covering a 
distance of thirtv- 
six miles, and pass- 
ing through the 
towns of Durham. 
I. e e . Barrington. 
Nottingham, North- 
^\• o o d. Epsom, 
Chichester, P e n - 
broke and Concord. 




Its eastern terminus was at the Piscataque 
Bridge, which connected Durham and 
Newington over a half mile of water, and 
was considered in those days a marvel of 
bridge building. The western end was at 
the Federal Bridge over the Merrimac 
in Concord, and the road there is now 
known as Portsmouth Street. When the 
Concord Bridge was completed about 
1803 an amendment to the charter allowed 
the road to branch off at the " Dark 
Plains " and run thence to the new 
bridge entering Concord over what is 
now Bridge Street. 

Visitors to Concord see many neat 
granite stones marking spots of his- 
toric interest and if one will go to the 
east end of the Pennecook Street Bridge 
she will find there such a marker. From 
it she will learn that there is the site of 
the first ferry in 1727 and that the 
Federal Bridge appeared there in 1798. 
Another note should be cut on that 

stone as it also marks the westerly 
terminus of the First New Hampshire 
Turnpike about 1798. 

Another road, officially known as the 
" Third Turnpike Road in New Hamp- 
shire," extended from Bellows Falls, 
through Keene to the Massachusetts 
line at the town of Townsend which 
it entered close to Walker Brook, 
thence continuing about four miles to 
Townsend Centre. 

After this road was available it 
became common practice among the 
inhabitants of the region traversed to 
carry products to Boston in their own 
teams after snow fell, and it was not 
unusual to see twenty to forty sleds or 
sleighs making the journey over the 
turnpike together. 

The location of this road at Bellows 
Falls was determined by the fact that 
a bridge across the Connecticut, the 
first one erected over that river, was 
already in place. Another turnpike 




company was incorporated in Vermont 
six weeks before the act creating the 
Third New Hampshire. This company 
continued the hne of travel from the 
bridge at Bellows Falls well along 
towards Rutland. 

Many turnpikes led the way for later 
railroad locations. Thus did the Third 
New Hampshire, the Cheshire railroad, 
now the Cheshire Branch of the Boston 
and Maine, in due time succeeding it. 
The road had a corporate life of a 
quarter of a century. It was made 
free in 1824. 

The Fourth New Hampshire Turn- 
pike ran from the Connecticut River, 
opposite White River, now White River 
Junction, to the Merrimac River at the 
Fisheville Bridge in Boscawen. This 
road was chartered in 1800 and was 
made free in 1840. Annual trips to 
Boston soon became customary on this 
road also and a local historian * records 

* Eastman — History of Andover (N. H.). 

that, on many a pleasant winter even- 
ing the Common, east of Moulton's 
Tavern in Andover, might have been 
seen covered with parked sleighs and 
sleds of many varieties, from the huge 
van drawn by eight horses to the little 
one horse pung filled with the butter, 
cheese, poultry, etc., of the New Hamp- 
shire or Vermont farmer seeking a 
market " down below." 

This road was the predecessor of the 
Southern Division of the Boston and 
Maine Railroad from Concord to White 
River Junction, but took a much more 
direct course. Travellers by rail to-day 
may observe the old turnpike close 
beside the track between Andover and 
Potter Place stations, but elsewhere 
the two are far apart. 

A notable efifort resulted in the build- 
ing of the Tenth New Hampshire Turn- 
pike through what we now know as 
the Crawford Notch. Until a rough 
pioneer road was built about 1785 through 
that pass all access to Coos County was 



liad by way of the Connecticut River, 
and only with the advent of the turn- 
pike in 1803 was a practical route pro- 
vided elsewhere. Lancaster by that time 
had become a trading point to be con- 
sidered and the merchants of Portland 
looked eagerly for the business which 
naturally, passing the Notch, followed 
down the valley of the Saco River. 
Hence the turnpike with a charter al- 
lowing its construction " from the uper 
line in Bartlett through the Notch in the 
white hills, containing twenty miles." 

In such brief words, was expressed 
the location of a road which for scenic 
grandeur has few equals in the world. 
Winding down through the bottom of 
that gigantic cleft in the mountains 
with the peaks towering thousands of 
feet almost directly overhead, and often 
hidden from view by the clouds, the 
builders of this road must have felt a 
reverential awe as if in the immediate 
presence of Divinity itself. The scene 
is thrilling enough to-day when viewed 
from passing railroad train or automo- 
bile ; even more so when seen, as by 
the author, from on foot. But who can 
conceive the feelings of one who looked 
upon those mountain sides a century 
ago when in their ]:)rimeval glory, and 
who was unprepared by painting or 
written description for the scene which 
burst upon him? 

State, county and town histories agree 
that this road exerted a tremendous influ- 
ence in building up the " North Countr\'." 
There are commemorative tablets in the 
Notch. Why not one to pay tribute to 
the bold pioneers who built the turnpike ? 

The Willey House, weW knowm from 
its mournful tragedy, was a turnpike 
tavern and the storm which caused the 

annihilation of the Willey family nearly- 
obliterated the road. But w^ith the help, 
of contributions from Portland mer- 
chants the company made repairs and 
the collection of tolls continued until 
the advent of the Portland and Ogdens- 
burg Railroad, about 1876. 

Although connection between Con- 
cord and Portsmouth was provided as 
already noted, it did not remove the 
desirability of intercourse with Boston 
and by 1804 w'e find efforts being made 
in that direction. Massachusetts turn- 
pikes led from Boston through An- 
dover and what is now the city of Law- 
rence to the New Hampshire line, where 
the duty was assumed by the London- 
derry Turnpike, over which the trav- 
eller continued to Concord. The 
Merrimac River was crossed at " Isle- 
hookset Falls " when a toll bridge was 
long operated by the company. 

The northerly terminus of the Lon- 
donderry Turnpike was at the corner 
of West and Main Streets in Concord, 
where a stone stood for many years,. 
\vith the inscription " Boston 63 miles." 
Near this end stood and still stands the 
factory of the x\bbott-Downing Company,, 
famous the countr}- over for its pro- 
duction of Concord coaches. The flag,, 
seen in the distance in the illustration, 
is over that factory. 

Passing southerly the road skirted 
the river through Bow and passed diag- 
onally across the town of Hooksett. 
In Auburn it passed between the Mas- 
sabesic Lakes and over Mount Misery 
and Rattlesnake Hill, leaving the 
future city of ^^lanchester four miles to- 
the west. Hience through Derry Centre 
and across the northerly end of Canobie 
Lake, to the Essex Turnpike at the Mas- 
sachusetts line. 



The early stage route from Boston 
to Montreal passed through Concord 
and then up the Merrimac and Pemige- 
wasset Valleys to Plymouth, whence 
it bore northwesterly to the bridge at 
Wells River. Beyond that point it fol- 
lowed the old Hazen-Bayley military 
road to the Canada line. The Coos 
Turnpike Corporation was formed in 
1805 to improve the portion of the route 
through the towns of Haverhill, Pier- 
iiiont and Warren, and the road which 
it built, for more than a generation, 
was the great thoroughfare in northern 
New Hampshire and made Haverhill, 
now the railroad town of Woodsville, 
the most important and lively town 
north of Concord. This road in turn 
gave way to the Concord and Montreal 
Railroad, now a part of the Boston and 
Maine's White Mountain Division. 

One day the passengers on a south 
bound train passing through Warren 
noticed an old man who was eagerly 
gazing from the window as he rapidly 
went by the end of the old Coos Turn- 
pike. At last, as he passed a dilapidated 
old building, he leaned back in his seat 
with the satisfied air of one who had 
found what he sought. On the con- 
ductor's sympathetic advances he finally 
told his story. 

When a boy in St. Johnsbury he had 
been hired as a helper in driving a 
flock of five hundred turkeys from that 
town to Lowell, and the tumble-down 
old rookery which he had recognized 
had been one of the comfortable taverns 

{To he CO 

at which he had stopped on the way. 
The drive became a notable procession 
and word of its coming was carried in 
advance by the more rapid travellers 
who passed it, so that whole villages 
were on the watch for its arrival. As 
the birds became accustomed to the 
manner of progressing, more ceremony 
developed, and soon our youthful cus- 
todian found that he could lead the way 
with the flock following him. A gob- 
bler of especial dignity soon assumed 
a position beside the leader and thus 
the procession advanced at the rate of 
about twenty-three miles a day until 
its destination was reached, without 
the loss of a single bird. 

Many toll roads were chartered and 
built in New Hampshire for the pur- 
pose of providing easy access to the 
mountain summits and other places of 
scenic interest. Among them were the 
well-known road from the Glen to the 
summit of Mount Washington, which 
way opened in August, 1861 ; the path 
up Moosilauk ; the short road leading 
to the flume; and the Liberty Road up 
Mount Chocorua ; all of which are still 
collecting toll. 

Eighty-two corporations to build 
turnpikes were created by the New 
Hampshire legislature between 1796 
and 1893. Of that number thirty-one, 
including the ten noted herein, built 
their roads, the remainder giving up the 
struggle against the enormous diffi- 
culties of financing in those early days. 



By Katharine Calvert Goodwin 

^^^| NGLAND'S pictorial record of 
^^^ the war! Such are the paint- 
|rTO |l ings. the etchings, the water- 
Wfi^l colors and the drawings exhib- 
^^1 ited under the auspices of the 
British Ministry of Informa- 
tion and now on tour in the United 
States. Twenty-four British artists are 
represented by these pictures, among 
them the very foremost painters of the 
day. By 1916 most of them had for- 
saken their artistic careers to enter mili- 
tary service : some went to officers' train- 
ing camps, some enlisted as gunners in 
artillery, some as privates in the tank 
corps, others joined the Artists' Rifles. 
Thus they became admirably fitted to 
portray every phase of actual warfare. 

Also by 1916 England had realized the 
value of perpetuating her glorious war 
annals through her artists as well as her 
writers. The Government therefore com- 
missioned such men as Sir William 
Orpen, Sir John Lavery, Mr. James 
McBey and Mr. Muirhead Bone as offi- 
cial war painters. " Those physically fit 
were sent to the Front, while those unable 
to withstand the rigors of active service 
remained at home to chronicle the not 
less essential story of Britain's indus- 

*These paintings are reproduced through the 
courtesy of Walter Monroe Grant, Esq., Mana- 
ger, Department of Exhibitions. 

trial, naval, or agricultural achievements." 
Far away in northern France there is 
the little village of Cassel, a mile or so 
behind the lines, and here, day after day 
and month after irionth. Sir William 
Orpen, gazetted as a major, lived and 
painted. Gradually he fell away from his 
earlier style of rather exaggerated futur- 
ism, and with wonderful virility and 
sympathetic insight depicted his various 
impressions of the war on over a hun- 
dred canvases. There's the busy scene 
in the receiving room at the 42d Sta- 
tionary Hospital, and there's the lonely 
desolation of the Thiepval Wood. He 
paints a certain picture and calls it " The 
Village : Evening." True, it is evening, 
for a lurid sunset sky is reflected in the 
lake, but the village itself is in ruins and 
the only inhabitants are two dead Ger- 
mans lying in a ditch. He paints how- 
itzers in action, soldiers resting, mines 
exploding, gunners' shelters, observation 
trees, stretcher bearers, wounded Tom- 
mies, captured Germans, graves, tanks 
and aeroplanes, the Grenadier guardsman, 
the Irish fusileer, every phase of action, 
every type of man, every effort, every 
sacrifice, every achievement that goes to 
make up England's story for the last 
four years. 

As a portrait painter, Sir William 
Orpen is unsurpassed. His portraits of 

Photo by Handy, Washington 


McCUDDEN, V.C, D.S.O., M.C., M.M, 




the two great marshals, Haig and Foch, 
besides being faultless likenesses, are also 
interesting from an historical standpoint. 
Take the established portrait painters of 
the Revolutionary period, Benjamin 
West, John Copley or Rembrandt Peele. 
On their canvases, background and set- 
ting are equally as important as the face. 
For instance, in Peele's painting of 
Washington at Yorktown one almost for- 
gets to notice the resemblance in order to 
marvel at the gorgeous uniform, the fiery 
horse and the detailed foliage of the 
landscape. But in Orpen's portrait of 
Haig, the only background is a grayish, 
purplish blur, the uniform fades into 
insignificance, but the face — the face of 
the man whose tactics as Commander-in- 
Chief of the British Armies in France, 
won the Allied offensive of 1915 — that is 
indeed the wonder of the picture. 

The portrait of Major J. B. McCudden 
is somehow peculiarly appealing. The 
highbred, eager face with the fine brown 
eyes and the firmly set mouth seem to 
embody every characteristic of the high- 
est type of Englishman. This young 
aviator was one of the most decorated 
members of the Royal Air Force and 
received the Victoria Cross, the Military 
Medal, the Military Cross and the Dis- 
tinguished Service Order. He accounted 
for fifty-four enemy airplanes and 
then, last July, he was accidentally killed. 
Yet, surely it is the example of such men 
as he that inspired the youth of England 
in her critical hour. From every univer- 
sity, college and high school they poured 
forth the very day they were eligible for 
service, and every front and fighting area 
gave record and conclusive proof of Brit- 
ain's dominion of the air. 

The Falling Bomb shows a terrified 
and half-naked group of people fleeing 
from the street to seek shelter in the base- 
ment of a house. Among them is a 

mother and tiny baby and towards the left 
of the picture is seen the glare of the 
exploding bomb. A repetition of the 
horrors of Scarborough and Whitby. 
Casualties of over four thousand, largely 
of non-combatants, have been the result 
of the enemy air raids on Britain. 

One of England's most effective 
answers to the Zeppelin, Gotha and sub- 
marine was the invention of the tank, the 
most important military innovation of the 
war. It was in September, 1915, that the 
first tank was used in battle, and it moved 
up the main street of Flers, France, firing 
on the Germans. Three years later, dur- 
ing the victorious Allied drive of last 
August, one hundred and fifty British 
tanks took part. Sir William Orpen's 
picture of two monster tanks plowing 
over the crest of a hill is one of the most 
powerful conceptions of mechanical 
strength in the whole collection. 

There's another picture, " Adam and 
Eve at Peronne," it is called, that strikes 
a gayer, merrier note than any other. 
There, under the main archway of the 
quaint old town, a young peasant girl is 
offering an apple to a British Tommy, 
probably a member of that Warwick 
regiment that entered Peronne in 1917. 
Hundreds of such scenes must have taken 
place, whether in Peronne, Grevillers, 
Bapaume or fipernay. It has proved no 
apple of discord as was the case in Eden, 
but marked the happy fraternization of 
two great peoples. 

Mr. C. R. W. Nevinson enlisted in 1914 
as a motor transport driver, and, although 
two years later he was invalided out, he 
has since been to the Front as an artist. 
His paintings show principally the cruel 
havoc of war ; views of bombarded towns, 
remaking of roads after German retreats, 
bursting shells, looted cofifins and such. 

Spencer Pryse's dramatic sketch of 
Belgium, 1914, fugitives, perhaps shows 

Photo by Handy, Washingtcn 



f «f 



a group of exiles who have arrived at 
Folkestone. Hundreds of thousands of 
Belgium outcasts have found a sanctuai-y 
in Britain, with homes and employment 
awaiting them. In northern England 
there is a large munition town, Elizabeth- 
ville, named after the Queen of the Bel- 
gians, and whose population is entirely 
Belgian. The quiet, resourceful life of 
these people show that the recrudescence 
of Belgium has indeed begun. 

The small painting entitled " Shell 
Making ; Scotland," by Sir John Lavery, 
is but another example of woman's work 
during the war. In 1918 one million Brit- 
ish women were working in munition fac- 
tories, producing in two weeks more shells 
than were made in the entire first year 
of the war. Then. Great Britain had 
exactly three arsenals, now she has two 
hundred national arsenals, besides over 
five thousand controlled factories and 
workshops. While hospital work has 
always been a woman's sphere and the 
valor of the British nurses is now a mat- 
ter of history, still the astounding effi- 
ciency of the British women in munition 
factories and in every possible adminis- 
trative office has revolutionized all pre- 
conceived ideas of woman's field of 
action. Making every part of an aero- 
plane from the billet to the plane, handling 
the deadly fulminate of mercury, building 
guns and testing metals are only a few 
instances of their work. Incidentally, 
five thousand girls from the Women's 
Army Auxiliary Corps (" Waacs ") have 
been sent to render clerical and social aid 
to the American Army in France. 

While the decisive battles of the war 
were won on the Western Front, still com- 
plete victory would not have been possible 
without the effective British campaign in 
the East. England's occupation of Egypt 
and Palestine are the themes of the strik- 
ing water colors of Mr. James McBey. 

who went to those countries as official 
artist in 1917. Imagine tractors in Jeru- 
salem, cavalry dashing up the road to 
Jericho and mine sweepers bombarding 
the coast of Gaza ! His painting entitled 
" A Hospital Ward " is a scene in the 
great general hospital at Port Said, which 
was formerly a building of the Suez Canal 
Company. According to the report of the 
Red Cross Society for 1918, over 73,000 
officers, men and nurses have passed 
through the Red Cross hospitals and 
homes in Egypt. 

Mr. Muirhead Bone went to France as 
official artist in 1916, and although his 
wonderful drypoints and etchings show 
many excellent military and industrial 
scenes, he stands out notably as a marine 
artist. Battleships, destroyers, mine- 
sweepers, torpedoes, shipyards, every sort 
of naval panorama are among his draw- 
ings, and should be of especial interest to 
us because of the heavy debt of gratitude 
America owes to the British Navy. Brit- 
ish ships have carried across two-thirds 
of our men and escorted one-half of them. 
During the first eighteen months of the 
war, Great Britain built a fleet of new ves- 
sels which approximately equalled the 
whole of the German Navy when war 
broke out, while the mine-sweepers and 
patrol boats, which in 1914 numbered 
twelve, now number 3300. By her block- 
ade system, England strangled German 
trade, thus opening Allied ports to Amer- 
ica, and captured over five million tons of 
enemy shipping. There is one picture of 
" The Bridge of a British Merchant Ship 
at Sea " w<hich shows the type of crew of 
the merchant marine. They had the task 
of supplying food to the Allies besides 
bearing the full brunt of submarine war- 
fare. The casiialties suffered in the Brit- 
ish Navy were even greater in proportion 
than those of the Army, yet the cost was 
not too dear, for the memory of the 



Dogger Bank, Jutland, and the Battle of 
the Falkland Isles will live forever. 

Mr. Bone's picture of the American 
River Steamer in an English Harbour 
shows a boat that was brought to Eng- 
land to carry our men from Southampton 
to Havre or Rouen. And surely these 
very men will hold among their dearest 
memories their welcome in old Eng- 
land. For the British have made every 
possible effort to entertain our soldiers 

and sailors. Magnificent houses are their 
clubs, Hyde Park is their baseball field 
and two of the largest theatres are re- 
served exclusively for them. It does seem 
as if the words of Thomas Jefferson, 
expressed a century ago, had reechoed 
through the years, when he bade us cher- 
ish cordial friendship with Great Britain, 
for " nothing would tend more to knit our 
affections than to be fighting once more, 
side by side, in the same cause." 


Records of war service by States and Chapters tersely told. 
Is your work listed here? All information supplied through 


Publicity Director, War Relief Service Committee, N. S. D. A. R. 

Nebraska. Stephen Bennett Chapter, of 
Fairmont, has doubled its quota for Til'.oloy 
Fund, check for full amount having been 
sent to the Treasurer General. 

Ohio. The State Regent, Mrs, Edward L. 
Harris, has sent the following letter to the 
sixty-eight Ohio chapters. It so adequately 
explains the reasons for and the importance 
of filling out the Report blanks (Bulletins 
41 A and B) for the compilation of the na- 
tional War Work Report for the Twenty- 
eighth Continental Congress, that it is here 
published for the benefit of all the readers of 
the magazine: 

January 13, 1919. 
Mv De.-\r Chapter Regent: 

One of the most important factors in winning 
the war was unity — " unity of aim, unity of 
effort and unity of direction and command." 

Now let us apply this principle of unity to 
these reports — obeying cheerfully the expressed 
desire, the " direction and command " of our 

President General to make them as complete as 

You and the members of your chapter, fired 
by love of country, have given liberally to 
many causes connected with the war — given not 
only money but time and strength. 

Before you can call your work finished it 
must be recorded, not from any motive of self- 
glory, but because you have been making his- 
tory — the history of the Society you love and 
to which you pledged your allegiance when you 
became a member. Also, you wish the Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution to be under- 
stood and appreciated by future generations. 

Working in "unity of aim and effort" our 
state report will be a credit to Ohio and the 
National Society. 

Faithfully yours, 

Eva Gould Harris, 
State Regent. 

N. B. — This report must be in the hands of 
the State Regent on or before February 11, 
1919. Do not send to Publicity Director. 


By Woodbury Pulsifer 

The poilus in their trenches stood. 
The order passed along the Hne, 
To cross the stream and take the wood, 
Which crowned the lofty, steep incline. 

With wild huzzah, and gun in hand, 
That gallant band in dingy blue 
Crossed, and, ere the next command, 
Their weary bodies prostrate threw. 

Atop the hill the barb'rous horde. 
From dread machines in close array, 
A murd'rous hail of bullets poured 
Upon the poilus as they lay. 

Full well they knew their only hope. 
Ere yet death's harvest were too great. 
To charge like demons up the slope. 
And, steel 'gainst steel, to try their fate. 

"And will the order never sound? 
And must we here like cattle die? 
Is there no bugler to be found? 
O God in Heaven, hear our cry ! " 

Hark ! Hark ! the longed-for bugle note : 
The charge ! the charge ! in tones that thril 
Ere yet the message ceased to float 
The men were surging up the hill. 

Though many a gallant poilu fell. 
The brave undaunted band pressed on. 
The clash ! the groans ! the exultant yell I 
Which tells the tale of victory won. 

Who blew the charge and saved the day? 
The grateful victors sought the truth. 
Who blew that charge no man could say ; 
But one had seen a sturdy youth — 

" By yonder house abreast our right, 
With hands uplifted to his face, 
And in those hands was something bright- 
" Enough." They hastened to the place. 

And there no living thing they found : 
But fragments of a youthful form, 
Near where a shell had torn the ground, 
A horn, a hand no longer warm. 

O little bugler of the Aisne ! 

Who gave the most that man can give ; 

The echoes of thy clarion strain 

In many a grateful heart shall live : 

And many a lad in many a land. 
In better lines than these portrayed. 
Thy story'll pass from hand to hand : 
O Httle bugler, unafraid ! 

* Doctor Pulsifer's poem is founded on an incident of the battle related by Lieutenant Labat, 
of the French High Commission, who participated in that action. After reading the poem, 
Lieutenant Labat wrote Doctor Pulsifer : " ... The dramatic anecdote could not be better 
expressed in poetry." — Editor. 



On England's annals, through the long 
Hereafter of her speech and song, 

That light its rays shall cast 

From portals of the past. 

So the master-pen of Longfellow 
depicted Florence Nightingale, and to 
this day memory reverts to her when- 
ever mention is made of heroic women 
in hospitals, and the vision comes of 
woimded and dying men turning to 
kiss her shadow on their pillows as she 
passed, lighted lamp in hand, on her mis- 
sions of mercy in the Crimean War. 

More than half a century later, the 
women of Great Britain and her Col- 
onies were as quick as Florence Night- 
ingale to respond to their country's 
need, and upon the outbreak of hos- 
tilities in 1914 rallied to the aid of the 
British Red Cross. From the hum- 
blest cottage and from the ranks of royalty 
they came, and their devotion to duty in 
the face of every danger, in the face of 
horrors such as the world had never 
before known, has added a page of 
undying glory to England's history. 

The British Red Cross was created 
as a national society as early as 1870, 
when it was called upon to mitigate 
suflFering in the Franco-Prussian War, 
but it w^as not until after the Interna- 
tional Conference in Vienna, in 1897, 
that a Central Red Cross Committee 
was established to coordinate its work 
with the St. John's Ambulance Asso- 
ciation and the Army Nursing Reserve. 

A Lady with a Lamp shall stand 
In the great history of the land, 

A noble type of good, 

Heroic womanhood. 

("Lender the Red Cross Flag," by 
Mabel T. Boardman. ) 

The British nurse's decoration is the 
Royal Red Cross established by Queen 
Victoria in 1883. The cross is of crimson 
enamel bearing the v/ords : Faith, Hope, 
Charity, and an efifigy of the reigning 
sovereign. Its bestowal entitles the re- 
cipient to place the initials : " R.R.C." 
after her name. This medal, awarded to 
foreigners as well as British subjects, is 
as greatly coveted as the war decorations 
of the Allies. 

The accompanying illustration shows 
eleven insignia and badges of the 
British Red Cross. 

Number 1 is the Society's brooch for 
women ; Number 2, the button for men, 
to be worn in the lapel of the coat; 
Number 3, the medallion for the Na- 
tional Fire Brigade Union ; Number 4 
is the trained nurse's badge ; Number 

5, the medical officer's badge ; Number 

6, the pharmacist's badge ; Number 7 
is the badge given for proficiency in 
hygiene and sanitation ; Number 8, 
that given for proficiency in first aid 
work, and Number 9, for proficiency in 
nursing. Number 10 is the County 
badge, and Number 11, the most cov- 
eted of all, is given only for unusually 
meritorious service. 



By Helen E. Stout 

Vice-Chairman National C.A.R. Committee of the D.A.R. 
and State Director of the D.C. C.A.R. 

URIXG the last Congress it was 
found that a great many did not 
know that there was such an 
organization as the Children of 
the American Revolution, or else 
did not know how to form chap- 
ters or societies as they are called in 
the C.A.R. I decided to appeal to you 
through the medium of our splendid 
magazine to take a 
more vital inter- 
est in the Children 
of the American 

The forming of 
societies of the 
C.A.R. is a very 
simple matter for 
the Daughters, and 
only needs real in- 
terest. That ob- 
tained, it is not 
long before an in- 
teresting and flour- 
ishing society i s 

First, the presi- 
dent of each societv 
must be a member 



of the D.A.R. The C.A.R. is a sepa- 
rate organization from the D.A.R., 
having a National President and an 
Ofihcial Board of its own. There is no 
limit of number for membership in socie- 
ties. Four or five children may start 
one, though it is preferable that as many 
as ten or twelve be organized if pos- 
sible. The president must apply to the 
state director for 
permission to or- 
ganize. In nearly 
all cases the state 
director is chair- 
man of the C.A.R. 
Committee of the 
D.A.R. Her name 
is then sent by the 
state director to 
the C.A.R. board 
for approval, and 
if satisfactory to 
the board she is 
appointed. T h e 
other officers of the 
society are the 
children, and they 
are taught how to 
hold office. In 



some cases where the societies are very 
large the vice president is a D.A.R. and 
takes charge of the Juniors. The societies 
are divided into Junior and Senior, the 
former composed of very young children 
up to twelve years of age. When they 
enter their teens they are transferred 
to the Senior Society where the girls 
remain until they are eighteen and the 
boys until they are twenty-one. They are 
then transferred to the D.A.R. and S.A.R. 
respectively, within the year, without the 
extra new membership fee, being now 
recognized as regular members of both 

There should be a meeting of each 
society at least once a month, the whole 
work being that of a miniature D.A.R. 
chapter. Thus, it is really a school for 
future D.A.R.'s and S.A.R.'s. The mem- 
bership papers are exactly similar to those 
of the D.A.R. with the same requirements 
(direct descent on either the mother's 
or father's side) . The dues are fifty cents 
a year, twenty-five cents for the Society 
treasury and twenty-five cents for the 
National treasury. 

For those already interested in the 
work of the C.A.R., I would refer you to 
my report to our State Committee last 
April which was published in the May 
issue of the magazine. This gives an 

idea of the many things the children of 
the District of Columbia have done and 
are doing for the Red Cross. 

We fully expect to help in Rechicken- 
izing France. Ten cents buys an egg for 
an incubator in France, and twenty-five 
cents places a chicken on a French farm. 
A button is given to every donator of the 
price of a chicken. 

The societies are supposed to take up 
some historical topic or subject of interest 
to study at their meetings. In one society 
in the District the meaning and origin of 
the different state seals were studied, in 
another, historical local landmarks, in 
another. Revolutionary heroes. Papers 
are written and read about them, or some 
person gives a short talk on the subject. 
The Pledge to the Fag, The Ode to the 
Flag, all the verses of America and the 
Star Spangled Banner are taught. 

Do not leave it too long to put on record 
the ancestry of your little C.A.R. A 
record is kept of all the work of each 
child during the war and now for the 
reconstruction period. Your little girl or 
boy should have his or her work on rec- 
ord, and in years to come will be proud to 
show it. It is a record our nation will be 
proud to have, for remember, we are 
responsible for Young America. 

To Insure Accuracy in the Reading of Names and Promptness in Publication 
Chapter Reports must be T/pewritten EDITOR- 

Kansas City Chapter (Kansas City, Mo.). 
Since my last report the Chapter has made 
history so fast that it is hard for me to give 
a short report. 

Our " Flag Day " meeting was held June 14th 
at the beautiful country home of Mr. and 
Mrs. Hughes Bryant. The talk on the "Flag" 
by Rev. Robert N. Spencer was exceedingly 
impressive. The following resolutions were 
adopted that day: 

First: That the mayor and council of the city 
be petitioned to pass an ordinance providing 
that no force be employed to compel any 
traitor or disloyal person to kiss the Ameri- 
can flag. 

Second: To adopt five French orphans for 
one year at a cost to the Chapter of $182.50. 

Third: To secure a bed in the American 
Military Hospital at Neuilly. France, the 
Chapter members to donate $600 to cover 
the expense for one year. 

On June 16th, the Historical Society of 
Kansas City placed a memorial tablet in Penn 
Valley Park to the memory of C. C. Spauld- 
ing, Kansas City's Pioneer Prophet. On 
June 28th some of our members sold Thrift 
Stamps amounting to $6300. 

The Fourth of July celebration was held 
at Swope Park, commencing in the morning 
with a parade of all the Allied Nations, fol- 
lowed by speeches by prominent citizens. 

The Tag Day, July 7th, to raise money for 
the benefit of the " Community House 
Mothers' Fund," was a great success. One 
thousand women from the different patriotic 
organizations volunteered their time and 
services, and they were successful in raising 

Bastille Day, June 14th, was celebrated for 
the first time in Kansas City. We were re- 
quested to hang the Allied Flags with our 
own and all citizens responded. Some of 
our members in Martha Washington cos- 
tumes took part in the " Passing of the Fag." 
The parade was led by Major Thomas M. 
Murphy and the Seventh Regiment, followed 

by the Boy Scouts and United States sol- 
diers and sailors. 

The unveiling of the mural decoration, 
" The Call of Missouri," took place July 19th 
at the Public Library. It was a gift from our 
Chapter to the city and is valued at $20,000. 

In August some of our members assisted 
in raising $600 for the Salvation Army over- 
seas work. Two of our members adopted 
two Belgian soldiers and sent money for 
their August vacations. 

The Santa Fe Trail Committee, assisted 
by the Park Board, placed three Santa Fe 
Trail monuments in August, and the two 
bronze tablets will be placed very shortly. 

A proclamation was made in Missouri to 
observe August 26th as " Pershing Day," and 
all were requested to purchase War Savings 
Stamps on that day. 

On September 2d the Chapter received per- 
mission from the Treasury Department at 
Washington to place a bell on the Federal 
building, to be rung each day at noon, to 
call attention of the citizens of Kansas City 
to a moment of silent prayer for the victory 
of our armies. 

This bell was loaned to us by the Richard 
& Conover Hardware Company for the dura- 
tion of the war. On September 13th, the 
dedication took place. Our Regent, Mrs. 
Gilmer Meriwether, was assisted by Rev. 
Robert N. Spencer in the ceremonies. The 
bell was rung for the first time by Miss Jes- 
sie Rogers, a great-granddaughter of Betsy 
Ross. She dedicated herself to the patriotic 
service of ringing the bell at noon each day 
until peace was declared. 

A resolution was adopted at our business 
meeting, September 2d, to set aside a day 
in November for memorial services for our 
deceased members and those of our Chap- 
ter's Service Flag who had given their lives 
in this great war for humanity. There are 
now seventy-two stars on our flag. 

On September 24th. plans were made to 
erect a " living memorial " for our soldiers. 



by planting an avenue of trees, each tree to 
commemorate a soldier who makes the " Su- 
preme Sacrifice." This " Avenue of Heroes " 
will be placed at the entrance of our largest 
public park. 

" When a man plants a tree, he plants him- 
self, every root is an anchor. These and 
seeds he plants are his prayers, and by them 
he works grander miracles every day than 
ever were written." 

At the State Conference, held October 1st 
to 4th. at Jefferson City, our Chapter pre- 
sented and dedicated to the state a bronze 
tablet with the names of 282 men who helped 
make our state's history. The ceremonies 
were held October 2d in the Historical 
Rooms of the new Capitol. 

Si.xty members of the French Foreign Le- 
gion were guests of our city during the 
Fourth Liberty Loan campaign. One of 
their members, Captain Paul Tamperli, be- 
came ill and died of influenza while here. 
F"lowers were sent to him by our Chapter 
during his illness. 

Many of our members took active part in 
the Fourth Liberty Loan drive, and greatly 
assisted in making it such a wonderful suc- 
cess, as our city oversubscribed $1,500,000. 
Kansas City leads in the selling of War Sav- 
ings Stamps. 

The 426th anniversary of the discovery of 
America by Christopher Columbus was cele- 
brated on October 13th. Flags were flying 
from all the public buildings, many business 
houses and thousands of homes. 

Our Chapter still takes Wednesday weekly 
for work at the Red Cross rooms, and the 
members who attend have done splendidly. 

Plans are being perfected by a committee 
of prominent citizens, including one of our 
Chapter members, Mrs. George Fuller, to 
place a memorial monument on the plaza in 
front of the Union Station. 

Mrs. Connelly and her committee, formed 
of our Chapter members, did splendid work 
at the post office in the indexing of 5000 
names of soldiers to whom Christmas boxes 
were shipped to France. 

The Children of the American Revolution 
have a membership of twenty-five. They 
arranged an entertainment given at the Shu- 
bert Theatre on December 27th for the bene- 
fit of rechickening France. 

The " War Records " our Chapter started 
in April have rapidly grown until we have 
thousands of pictures and accounts of our 
men and women in service here and abroad. 

LiNNiE Leona Allen, 

(Mrs. Channing) Historian. 

Col. Andrew Lynn Chapter (Uniontown, 
Pa.). This Chapter was organized in Fayette 
County, November 4, 1914, by twelve of the 
present members, all descendants of Col. 
Andrew Lynn. 

It was the first chapter to be organized in 
Fayette County, and in the four years of its 
existence it has grown to almost three times 
its original membership. Having lost one by 
death and one by dismissal, we have at pres- 
ent thirty-three members and six application 
papers pending, while others are asking ad- 

Soon after adjusting our private work in 
the Chapter the world war commenced. Most 
of our members joined the Red Cross and 
helped with the various work along that line. 
Some members worked for the Navy, others 
sewed, knitted, etc., and some did nursing 
during the influenza epidemic. A goodly 
share of Liberty Bonds and War Savings 
Stamps were bought, and money was given 
towards the restoration of Tilloloy and vari- 
ous other needs. 

Before the war we helped in a small way 
to purchase the ground adjoining Memorial 
Continental Hall, at Washington, D. C. We 
had some marking done on the Old Trails' 
Roads in our own county, and also published 
some accounts of historic places in the county. 

Most of our money has been raised by 
free-will offerings of the Chapter members 
and their friends, while a few small sums 
have been raised in some special way by indi- 
vidual members. 

In our early days we were successful in 
winning a ten-dollar gold piece as a prize for 
the largest number of subscriptions to the 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
Magazine. We were fortunate in having a silk 
flag presented to the Chapter by Lewis Evans 
Lynn, another descendant of our worthy an- 
cestor. We had one visit from our State Re- 
gent, Miss Emma Crowell, who gave us a very 
beautiful gavel of historic origin. 

The Chapter headquarters were first at 
Brownsville, the oldest town in the county, in 
early days known as Fort Bird. We have re- 
cently moved to Uniontown, the county capital. 

Martha D. Lynn, 

Greenwich Tea Burning Chapter (Green- 
wich, N. J.). This Chapter has passed through 
a deeper experience than in any previous 
year since its organization in July, 1914. 

The eight monthly meetings have been held 
with a goodly attendance, and the instructive 
and entertaining programs carefully carried 
out; yet the watchword has been " Service." 
We mourned with our beloved Regent the 




loss of her husband in January, and missed 
her presence and inspiration from some of 
our meetings in consequence. 

The Chapter activities have been along 
varied lines. Contributions were made to 
Berry School, Red Cross Sustaining Fund, 
Soldiers' Relief, Philippine Scholarship Fund 
for French Orphans, and other work. One 
Liberty Bond was taken by the Chapter and 
$3500 worth of bonds were bought by sixteen 
of the members. 

The social committee arranged a Colonial 
Tea, which was held at the home of the Ex- 
Regent, Mrs. Tomlinson, and a card party 
given in the County Historical Rooms. Both 
were delightful affairs and neat sums realized 
thereby for war relief work. 

Flag rules were framed and placed in the 
various schools of the city. Many garments 
have been knitted, and over 3000 pieces of 
surgical dressings made. All have given 
freely and gladly of their time, their means 
and the labor of their hands. Two sons and 
two grandsons of members have been in 
active service. 

Sarah J. Lummis, 
CMr.<. C. B.) Hisiorian. 

Fort Mcintosh Chapter (Beaver. Pa.), un- 
veiled a marker in honor of General Anthony 
Wayne, Revolutionary hero, who had his 
winter headquarters at Legionville, Penn- 

Legionville was selected by General 
Wayne as a training camp for the drilling 
of his soldiers, and the preparations for that 

campaign against the Red Men, which was 
so successfully carried out in the battle of 
Fallen Timbers, August 20, 1794. 

On this site, which is located on the Lin- 
coln Highway, on the bank of the Ohio 
River, the marker was placed, bearing the 
following inscription: 

" This marks the site of the camp of Gen- 
eral Anthony Wayne during the winter of 
1792 and 1793. Erected by Fort Mcintosh 
Chapter, No. 636, Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution." 

The tablet was unveiled by the following 
children: Mary Louise Haun, Agnes Mar- 
garet Galton, Robert Machesney and Guy 
Shugert. The introductory address was 
given by the Regent, Mrs. Annie O. LeRoy, 
and this was followed by a very interesting 
history of the site, from the period of the 
first settler in that territory to the present 
residents, by District Attorney Lewis E. 
Graham, of Beaver, Pa. 

Mrs. E. M. Standley, 

Sioux Lookout Chapter (North Platte, 
Neb.), was organized November 22, 1916. 
The initial meeting was held at the home of 
Mrs. C. F. Iddings, following a dinner given 
at the home of Mrs. T. C. Patterson. Mrs. 
C. H Aull, of Omaha, State Regent, since 
made Vice-President General, was with us, 
also Mrs. Lue R. Spencer, State Treasurer, 
of this city, who acted as Organizing Regent. 



The presence of two such efficient women 
at our first meeting, and having Mrs. Spencer 
with us at subsequent meetings, have aided 
us greatly in getting properly organized and 
working upon true D. A. R. principles. 

We have a charter membership of fifty- 
four, the largest in the state, with a total 
enrollment of sixty-three. Because of this 
rapid growth, we are today the proud posses- 
sors of the beautiful flag awarded each year 
at the State Conference to the chapter 
making the greatest gain in membership. 

Brief literary programs at our monthly 
meetings have proved highly inspirational 
to so young a chapter. Several lineage books 
and the Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution Magazine have been placed upon the 
shelves of the city library. A relic exhibition 
was held on the date of our first anniversary, 
to which the public was invited. Ladies in 
Colonial costumes served tea during the 
three afternoons. It was interesting to note 
the large number of relics of the Revolu- 
tionary period that were to be found here in 
the West, so far from their original settings. 
The exhibition was not only entertaining, but 
attained its objective in acting as a stimulus for 
greater efifort in preserving historical places 
and articles. 

The Daughters have been found actively 
engaged in all practical patriotic efforts, 
giving of their time and resources without 
reserve. The Chapter has purchased two 
Liberty Bonds and contributed liberally to 
the Red Cross. On Registration Day an in- 
formal reception was held for all registrants. 
A program of song was one of the enjoyable 
features of the afternoon. 

Sioux Lookout Chapter was very ably rep- 
resented at the Twenty-seventh Continental 
Congress by Mrs. Y. A. Hinman, local Reg- 
istrar, attending as a delegate, and by her 
daughter, Miss Elizabeth Hinman, and Miss 
Nanine Iddings, acting as pages. The annual 
State Conference of the Nebraska D. A. R. 
will be held in this city during the spring of 
1919. It will be our pleasure to welcome all 
visiting and representative D. A. R.'s at this 

Theresa B. Mehlmann, 


Hannibal Chapter (Hannibal, Mo.) has the 
honor to report the following activities for 
the eighteen months ending November 1, 

Relative to the personnel of the Chapter, 
there has been 1 withdrawal to the National 
Society, 4 deaths, 1 addition by transfer and 
2 by new membership. Incident to the mem- 
bership there has been 1 marriage and 3 

births. Sons and daughters of members of 
the Chapter are performing active service for 
their country as follows: 4 in active service, 
1 in Red Cross work in Italy, 4 in Students' 
Army Training Corps. 

The unusual opportunities for service have 
demanded many funds in excess of our an- 
nual membership dues. This patriotic emer- 
gency fund has been derived from activities 
as follows: At the beginning of this period 
we gave a party at the Elks Club which 
netted the Chapter $53,35. Under our aus- 
pices a carnival street dance' was given, 
which netted $103.53. On account of the 
great demand for the personal services of 
every one of our members to Red Cross work 
and other war activities, we decided in May, 
1918, to discontinue our Home Makers' Club. 
Part of the equipment was sold for $21.50 
and added to our War Fund, and the rest of 
the equipment was donated to our new 
" Home," at that time called the " Home for 
the Friendless." To comply with the Food 
Administration, in October, 1917, the Chap- 
ter officially decided to discontinue serving 
refreshments at meetings. Each hostess in 
lieu donated $1.50, which went to the mainte- 
nance of the Home Makers. Upon the dis- 
continuance of the Home Makers for more 
urgent demands of Red Cross work, these 
contributions became part of our War Fund. 

To Company E, Missouri National Guard, 
we donated 130 first-aid kits at 30 cents each, 
besides making 150 bandages for them of old 
linen. To Company D, Illinois National 
Guard, guarding the Hannibal Bridge, we 
sent 3 gallons of ice cream and 4 large home- 
made cakes. 

We bought a $50 bond for the Chapter and 
contributed $59 to the $100,000 bond of the 
National Society and $10 to the United War 
Work Fund. To the Ambulance Fund we 
gave $25; to the Camp Mother Fund $60; to 
the Navy Comfort League $5, and to the 
Levering Hospital $5. We contributed 
$29.50 to the rebuilding; of Tilloloy. One 
year's subscription to the Saturday Evening 
Post was sent to the battleship Missouri; 6 
aviator's vests were made; 6 victrola records 
were sent and $5 for the purchase of addi- 
tional records for our soldiers. Individual 
members have mailed quantities of books 
and magazines directly to soldiers and sailors. 
The Hannibal Chapter is supporting one French 
war orphan and indirectly, throug'h one of its 
members, one other. 

A great amount of our energies and activi- 
ties has been exercised through the Red 
Cross. One of our members was Chairman 
of the Women's Work; another is Chairman 
of the Women's Division of the Council of 



Defense; another is Chairman of the Surgi- 
cal Dressings Department, while still an- 
other is director of the Cutting Department 
of Surgical Dressings. Five members are 
instructors in surgical dressings, 3 are cap- 
tains in the Red Cross workroom, and 6 are 
engaged in local canteen service. Every 
member of our Chapter has a membership in 
the Red Cross. Early in the Red Cross cam- 
paign our Chapter gave one bolt of gauze to 
the local Red Cross Chapter and sent 60 
pints of jelly to a French hospital for con- 
valescent soldiers. Before the Red Cross 
Chapter was established here we knitted 
many sweaters, wristlets, helmets, scarfs and 
socks, which were turned over to the Navy 
Comforts League. Besides these we sent 
one complete set to the State Regent. 

Our Chapter entertained the Governor 
George Wyllis Chapter on Flag Day, 1917, 
at a buffet luncheon. We introduced into 
the public schools of Hannibal the " Salute 
to the Flag " and we contributed a subscrip- 
tion of the Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution Magazine to the Hannibal Public 

Greater social activity of a local nature 
was eliminated, because we felt that it was 
our privilege to render specific service that 
would in some way aid in securing the bless- 
ings of freedom and humanity to the world. 
Mary B. Chandler. 


Caroline Scott Harrison Chapter (Indian- 
apolis, Ind.) has a membership of 550. In 
February, 1917, Mrs. Merritt A. Potter was 
elected Regent for the ensuing two official 
years. After the declaration of war Mrs. 
S. E. Perkins, then Regent, appointed Mrs. 
Potter Chairman of Red Cross work. This 
she superintended until June, when she took 
the Regent's chair, appointing Mrs. Walter 
C. Marmon Red Cross Chairman. Events 
have made Mrs. Potter our war Regent. 
Ho'W entirely adequate to the situation she 
has been the report of work done by the 
Chapter will show. 

We have kept up the regular monthly 
meetings, but they have been given over 
largely to patriotic music, to hearing reports 
of war work committees and to planning the 
coming month's work. We have allowed 
ourselves but two festive days, Washington's 
Birthday and Flag Day. We celebrated Feb- 
ruary 22d with a musicale in honor of our 
charter members. The history of our Chap- 
ter, its objects and its early struggles, was 
told by Mrs. Chapin C. Foster, the organizer 
and our first Regent. 

On June 14th, Mrs. Potter gave a break- 

fast for Mrs. George Thacher Guernsey, 
President General, D. A. R., at the Wood- 
stock Club, inviting to meet her about 60 
Chapter officers, chairmen of committees 
and officers from other local chapters. The 
Chapter had been invited by one of its mem- 
bers, Mrs. James A. Allison, to celebrate 
Flag Day at her beautiful country home. 
Mrs. Potter and her guests went from the 
breakfast there, where about 200 members 
were already gathered. We had a stirring 
talk from Mrs. Guernsey on the history of 
the flag and our duty with regard to it. The 
afternoon closed with the presentation to the 
Chapter by our hostess of a large silk flag, 
its acceptance by the Regent, and placing it 
with our service flag of 57 stars. 

But it was our war work that absorbed us. 
Committees had been appointed on French 
Relief, Navy League, Comforts, Conserva- 
tion and Social Service for Soldiers. During 
the year and a half there have been many 
subcommittees and committees on " drives," 
thus giving activity and responsibility to a 
large part of our membership. 

The Red Cross committee under the lead- 
ership of Mrs. Marmon, who has given al- 
most her entire time for eighteen months, 
has turned in to Red Cross headquarters 
3388 knitted garments, 3389 hospital gar- 
ments, 680 refugee dresses, 629 surgical 
dressings, 10 layettes of from 21 to 26 pieces 
each, 160 baby articles, 173 blankets, bed 
spreads and quilt tops and 600 influenza 

The French Relief and French War Or- 
phans, Mrs. Wilbur Johnson, Chairman, and 
Miss Josephine Robinson, Treasurer, work- 
ing together, have sent to French hospitals 
388 comfort kits, and through the Chapter 
and its members secured support for 62 war 

The Navy League Committee, of which 
Mrs. R. B. Bennett was chairman, was early 
directed to take charge of the entire state 
work, which was not to be confined to the 
D. A. R. This plan makes it impossible to 
state with definiteness what the Chapter did 
here, but the members were active workers 
and givers. 

The Chairman of the Conservation Commit- 
tee, Mrs. Walter S. Greenough, at once put her 
committee in touch with the Federal and State 
Food Administrators and pledged the entire 
Chapter to food saving. Demonstrations of 
the best methods of canning, of the best use 
of substitutes, conservation lectures, receipts 
and constant reminders served to keep us to 
the standard of our pledge. 

The Social Service Committee, of which 
Mrs. Charles E. Kreglo is chairman, began 








KANSAS, JUNE 14, 1917 

its work with the first Officers' Training 
Camp at Fort Benjamin Harrison and is still 
being carried on for the returning soldiers. 
Personal visits to the hospitals carried sym- 
pathy and cheer. Hundreds of dollars' worth 
of delicacies and comforts provided by the 
Chapter have been wisely given out — books, 
magazines, flowers, fruit and Christmas boxes. 
An important part of the work has been the 
entertainment of soldiers in homes. 

There was enthusiastic demand among our 
members that we send an ambluance of our 
own to France. One was purchased at a 
cost of $625, and somewhere in France 
wounded and sick soldiers were carried in 
an ambulance bearing th-s marking: " Do- 
nated by Caroline Scott Harrison Chapter of 
the Daughters of the American Revolution, 
Indianapolis, Indiana." 

When the first Liberty Bonds w-ere offered 
we withdrew a reserve fund invested at a 
better rate of interest and bought $3000 
worth of bonds. Members bought in the 
Second and Third Loans $115,800 worth of 
bonds. One member sold ?25,030 of War 
Savings Stamps. We have pled-jed $550 for 
the National Bond Endowment, of which 
$230 has been paid and the remainder is 
promised. We contributed to the Red Cross 
$1048.50; Y. M. C. A., $500; Y. W. C. A., $510; 

Tilloloy Fund, $276; $117 for smileage books, 
and $170.40 for comfort kits for the battle- 
ship Indiana. 

At our last Flag Day celebration our Re- 
gent suggested that next Flag Day a cele- 
bration be arranged for the foreigners whom 
we are trying to Americanize, the Chapter 
going for this to Foreigners' House, a com- 
munity centre. This suggestion seems to me 
worthy of wide acceptance, perhaps of be- 
coming a permanent D. A. R. custom. 

As a Chapter we believe the war has born 
in us a new patriotism, a fresh gratitude that 
we come of liberty-loving ancestors, a new 
devotion to unselfishness. 

Mrs. W. W. Woollen. 


The Captain Jesse Leavenworth Chapter 

(Leavenworth, Kan.) was organized in 1906 
and named for a Revolutionary officer whose 
son. Gen. Henry Leavenworth, established 
our post. May 8," 1827. 

The Chapter is limited to 50 members: we 
have about 10 non-resident members at the 
present time. 

During the war our Chapter has been quite 
active and has given its full quota to the 
National Liberty Loan fund. We donated 



$30 for the restoration of Tilloloy; $100 to 
the fund for a D. A. R. Kansas Camp Mother, 
and have taken a $100 Liberty Bond for the 
Chapter. Have also adopted a French or- 
phan, to whom w^e send a Christmas and 
birthday gift box. We have given our quota 
of $12 for the standard of colors presented 
to the Kansas Regiment of the Rainbow 
Division, now in France; $25 for purchasing 
yarn for the 7th U. S. Engineers, which was 
stationed at Fort Leavenworth. During the 
past year, we have given 25 dancing parties 
for the student officers at the garrison, which 
were commended by the commanding offi- 
cers at the post as being of great value to 
the young men as a recreation during their 
hard course of study. More than $2000 was 
collected and the profits spent for war relief 
work. $942.72 has been expended by the 
Chapter for yarn, which was knitted for the 
Army and Navy. Our list included 277 
sweaters, 75 helmets, 147 pairs of socks, 172 
wristlets, and 18 mufflers. We furnished our 
Leavenworth County, Company E, volunteer 
boys, with complete knitted sets, and sent 
them for Christmas 87 comfort kits at a cost 
of $175. 

Our Chapter raised $566 for the War Camp 
Community House by giving a tag day. 

The Chapter members have entertained 
over 1000 soldiers in their homes and have 
lent their cars for drives for the soldiers 
during the summer. We have sent numer- 
ous books, scrapbooks, magazines and 
flowers to the sick soldiers at the post hos- 
pital. We were among the group of women's 
clubs of the city to raise money for cigar- 
ettes and flowers for the hospital by giving 
ice-cream socials during the summer; our 
members are on the visiting list for the 
hospital at Fort Leavenworth. 

We gave a Baby Bond as a prize to the 7th 
and 8th grades of our public schools for the 
contest on war posters. We also give a $10 
gold D. A. R. medal each year to the pupil 
writing the best essay on some historical 
subject selected by our Chapter and the City 
Superintendent of Public Instruction. 

We have a most interesting room in the 
court-house, which the Board of County 
Commissioners has given to us for our his- 
torical collection, and we possess some very 
rare articles both of Revolutionary and state 
interest. Our service flag has 22 stars, and 
it has been dedicated and hung in our room. 

We are indeed proud of our Real Daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Francis Bush Loveland, who is 94 
years old and lives in Soldier, Kan. At our De- 
cember meeting each member brings a gift 
and we pack a Christmas box. On her birth- 
day, in August, we send her a useful present. 

We have given a flag to our Public Library 
and also one to the Community House. We 
maintain a room in Gushing Hospital, which 
we have furnished and decorated in our 
colors, buflf and blue. Numerous gifts have 
been given to our soldiers. Our members 
have all given to the Red Cross generously 
and have taken out several thousand dollars' 
worth of Liberty Bonds. We have worked 
constantly with the Red Cross and have 
made hundreds of surgical dressings and 

On Flag Day, June 14, 1917, we placed a 
marker on the old stone wall at Fort Leaven- 
worth, which our Chapter had preserved. 
After several selections of patriotic music 
by the Military Band, the Rev. Stephen 
Butcher, Scout Master, delivered the invo- 
cation. The Regent then gave a talk in re- 
gard to the early settlement of the post and 
county, after which the tablet was unveiled 
by Edith Marie Carroll and Elizabeth Maris 
Lloyd, granddaughter of the Vice Regent 
and niece of the Regent. The program was 
very interesting, the Boy Scouts taking an 
active part. Two wreaths were placed be- 
neath the tablet in memory of General Henry 
Leavenworth and his command, who estab- 
lished the post in 1827 and also erected the 
stone fortification. The Regent, Mrs. Van 
Tuyl, presented the tablet to Colonel Walker, 
who accepted it for the United States Gov- 
ernment. The services closed with the " Star 
Spangled Banner." Several hundred officers 
and civilians were present. 

(Mrs. Wm. R.) Effie Hiatt van Tuyl, 


mini Chapter (Ottawa, 111.). On Decem- 
ber 3, 1918, the state of Illinois celebrated 
the one hundredth anniversary of her state- 
hood. At first there was some question as 
to whether plans for that celebration should 
not be abandoned because of the war. It 
was decided, however, that this celebration 
would be a great means of patriotic propa- 
ganda. Many meetings commemorating his- 
toric events were held in all parts of the 
state, and Ottawa, the home of Illini Chapter, 
being unusually rich in historic lore, espe- 
cially of the early French explorers, it was 
fitting that Illini Chapter should present to 
the state a beautiful fountain in memory of 
Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle. 

This fountain was placed on state grounds, 
which surround a beautiful armory, and was 
presented by the Regent, Mrs. F. A. Sapp. 
Music by the band was followed by the reci- 
tation of the Lord's Prayer, the presentation by 
Mrs. Sapp, and the unveiling by Misses 
Marian Sapp, Louise Oilman, Frances Clegg 



"and Virginia Gleim. The acceptance for the 
state was by Senator Wendling. In present- 
ing the Memorial Fountain, Mrs. Sapp spoke 
as follows: 

"Among all those French names connected 
with early Illinois history the one which 
looms largest is that of Rene Robert Cave- 
lier, Sieur de la Salle. America owes him an 
enduring memory ; Illinois especially should 
forever do honor to his name. 

" In 1679 he left Ft. Frontenac, Canada, 
with the gigantic plan of establishing a series 
of military and trading posts along the whole 
length of the Great Lakes and upon all the 
important points of the Mississippi and its 
tributaries. He would thus, in the name of 
the King of France, take military possession 
of the whole territory. One hundred and 
seventeen days later — on December 3, just 
239 years ago today — the party left Ft. 
Miami, Mich., in eight canoes to find the 
headwaters of the Kankakee, which is the 
eastern branch of the Illinois River, and a 
few days later the adventurers swept along 
within less than 400 yards of where we are 
standing today. , On down the entire length 
of the Illinois they paddled, and their jour- 
ney ended only when the mouth of the Mis- 
sissippi was reached. 

" La Salle's trip was intricately entangled 
with the earliest history of Illinois. As he 
proceeded down the Illinois River, he estab- 
lished settlements and fortifications at many 
points, most notable of these being Ft. St. 
Louis, on the crest of Starved Rock; Ft. 
Crevecoeur, about three miles below what is 
now Peoria, and Kaskaskia, which became a 
city of prominence before the first settler 
had staked his claim on the site of Chicago, 
and which later became the first capital of 

Illinois. So it seemed that, at this time, 
when we are celebrating the centennial anniver- 
sary of Illinois' admission into the Union, some- 
thing should be done to perpetuate the memory 
of this intrepid Frenchman, who did so much 
to give the state a fair start in life, and for 
whom our county was named. 

" This fountain, which we are about to un- 
veil and to dedicate, was erected by Illini 
Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion, as a perpetual reminder of the part played 
by La Salle in the making of Illinois, and will 
be known as the ' D. A. R. Centennial Memo- 
rial to Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle.' 

" Early this year the Chapter decided upon 
a La Salle memorial, and a committee com- 
posed of Miss Lelah Lincoln, Mrs. Charles E. 
Hook, Mrs. Clarence Griggs and Mrs. Milton 
Pope was appointed by the Regent to select a 
suitable fountain and to supervise its emplace- 
ment on these grounds, permission having been 
previously secured from General Frank S. 
Dickson, Adjutant General of Illinois, to erect 
it on state property. 

" Senator Frank B. Wendling has kindly 
consented to be here today to accept this memo- 
rial on behalf of the state, and I, representing 
Illini Chapter, Daughters of the American 
Revolution, now dedicate this fountain to the 
memory of Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la 
Salle, and present it, in perpetuity, to the Com- 
monwealth of Illinois." 

During the summer of 1918 Illini Chapter, 
D. A. R., Ottawa, III, placed a D. A. R. marker 
at the grave of its only Real Daughter, Mrs. 
Mary Jane Lansing. Appropriate ceremonies 
were held at the time. 

(Mrs. B. F.) Mary O. Lincoln, 

In answers to "Queries" it is essential to give Liber and Folio or "Bible Reference." 
Queries will be inserted as early as possible after they are received. Answers, partial 
answers, or any information regarding queries are requested. In answering queries please 
give the date of the magazine and the number of the query. All letters to be forwarded to con- 
tributorsmust be unsealed and sent in blank, stamped envelopes, accompanied with the num- 
ber of the query and its signature. The Genealogical Editor reserves the right to print anything 
contained in the communication and will then forward the letter to the one sendmg the query. 

Genealogical Editor, Annapolis, Maryland 


6310. Layne (or Lane). — John Layne m 
Sarah McReynolds, of Va. Wanted, the Rev 
service of John Layne, and the ancestry and 
Rev service of my McRevnolds ancestor. — 
L L. A. 

63n. Meeker. — Cornelius Meeker lived at 
Parsippany, N. J., and d there about 1832 ; m 
Mary Tichenar, a sister of Isaac Tichenar, of 
Vt. Give date and place of his b, date of m, and 
date and place of d, and service given in Rev. 
Also how he was related to Capt. Obediah 
Meeker, of the Elizabethtown Light Horse 
Company in that war, also how he was related 
to William Meeker, who was one of the Asso- 
ciated Founders of Elizabethtown. — G. M. 

6312. Matteson. — Wanted, history of the 
Matteson family, of Shaftsbury, Vt., especially 
Job Matteson. What relation was he, if any, to 
the Thomas Matteson, selectman of Shafts- 
bury ? Are descendants of Job Matteson eligi- 
ble to D. A. R.?— M. M. E. 

6313. Jackson. — Full genealogical informa- 
tion desired of the Jackson family that lived in 
Griffin, Spaulding Co., Ga., especially of one 
whose sons and daus were named Ld, Jethro, 
Benjamin, Warren and Laura Ann. His name 
and that of his wife and their parents, with 
Rev services greatly desired. Were they related 
to the family of " Stonewall " Jackson, or of 
Andrew Jackson? — A. B. W. 

(2) Greer. — Thomas Greer m Martha Per- 
kins, b and reared on the James River in Va. 
At time of her marriage to Thomas Greer she 
was a widow, Cone, with 2 children, Asa and 
Winifred. Information and dates desired of 
Thomas Greer, with his Rev service, and of 
Martha Perkins' family in Va. — A. B. W. 

6314. Cook-Cavott.— Joseph Cook (Oct. 26, 

1761-Sept. 14. 1823), m Mariam (May 20, 1762- 
Apr. 17, 1833). They had 9 ch. : Caleb, b Mar. 
Zl, 1783; Olive, b Sept. 8, 1784; Daniel, b Aug. 
31, 1787; Beulah, b Nov. 25, 1789; Elizabeth, b 
Mav 11, 1792; Henry, b Mav 3, 1794; George, b 
Sept. n, 1796; Alfred, b July 14, 1800, and 
Susan, b Jan. 2, 1803. The son Daniel m Susan 

(July 1, 1786-Aug. 23, 1861), and they 

also had 9 ch. : George Benjamin (May 17, 
1811-Sept. 11, 1868); William Liorinzo (Mar. 
12, 1813-May 29, 1854) ; Almira (July 18, 1815- 

Feb. 14. 1875) ; Jane (b Jan. 27, 1818, m — 

Mills, d Sept. 21, 1863) ; Harvey (b June. 1. 
1820, m Delia Cavott, d Nov. 13. 1844) ; Charles, 
b May 3, 1822; Harriet, b Mar. 31, 1824; Al- 
bert, May 30. 1829-Sept. 26. 1867) ; Henry H. 

(b Jan. 18, 1827, at Hartwick. N. Y., m 

and had 3 children, Sarah A., Hattie M., and 
Eugene H., d Mar. 17. 1905). This information 
on a paper dated Ellisburgh, N. Y., Jan. 24, 1814. 
Ancestry desired of Joseph and Mariam Cook 
and Delia Cavott, also Rev service of Joseph or 
his father.— E. A. J. 

6315. Rives-Neal. — Thomas Rives, of Din- 
widdie Co., Va., m a Miss Neal. I desire her 
Christian name, also the name of her father. 
Thomas Rives had 1 son. William Guffy, b 1767. 
Did Thomas render Rev service? Any infor- 
mation about either the Neal or the Rives line 
will be greatly appreciated. 

(2) Turner-Hamner. — Terisha Turner, of 
Amherst Co.. Va.. had a son, Stephen Turner, 
who m Susan Hamner, of Albermarle Co., dau 
of William Hamner. Did Terisha Turner, 
Stephen Turner, or William Hamner serve in 
the Rev? Stephen Turner and Susan Hamner 
had a dau Mary, b 1771. Would be glad to get 
any dates concerning the above.— M. R. B. 

6316. FowLER-WooD. — .Wanted, names of 
parents of Philip Fowler and Esther Wood. 



They were m in the town of Lewksbury, Mass., 
Apr. 1, 1762.— M. F. G. 

6317. Britt. — My great-great-grandfather, 
WilHam Britt, of Goochland Co., Va., soldier in 
Rev. d at Valley Forge, 1778, m a Miss Ran- 
dolph, of Va. Can a descendant of the Ran- 
dolph line give first name of said wife of Wil- 
liam Britt and further data concerning family? 
William Britt, son of the above William Britt, 
moved from Goochland Co., Va., to Todd Co., 
Ky., in 1811. We think he m in 1784 a Miss 
Sarah Poor, of Va. Can descendants of the 

Poor family of Va. give information? — M. B. H. 
(2) Howard. — My grandfather. Boiling 
Britt, m Mary Gantier, Logan Co., Ky., 1820. 
Mary Gantier's mother was Mary Howard, who 
was m to my great-grandfather, Nicholas Gan- 
tier, in Muhlenberg Co., Ky. They settled in 
Logan Co., Ky. A tradition in our family is 
that Mary Howard was a descendant of Poca- 
hontas. Can anyone give me information con- 
cerning the Howard line? — M. B. H. 

6318. Spencer. — Information regarding Rev 
service of " Capt." Ebenezer Spencer, 1721- 
1796, of East Haddam, Conn. Does anyone 
know if he served on either Com. of Safety or 
Correspondence ? 

(2) Drury. — Jonathan Drury, b 1745, Fra- 
mingham ; son of Caleb, 1713-1760; moved to 
Worthington about 1781. Wanted, full name of 
his wife Mary, 1743-1817, and date and place of 
m. Also his Rev service. 

(3) Davis.— Thadeus Davis, Jr., b 1742, 
Greenfield Hill, Conn., m Deborah Hall, later 
living at Watervliet, N. Y. Date of m and 
place wanted, also his Rev service and geneal- 
ogy of his wife. 

(4) Relyea. — -Genealogy of Yonache Relyea, 
b 1761, m in 1782 to William Davis, son of 

(5) Clark. — Does anyone know who were 
the parents of Martha Cordelia Clark, b 1762, 
d 1849, of Sandisfield, Mass. ; m Ashur Knight, 
of Monson, Mass. ? — M. K. D. 

6319. Gale. — Wanted, the ancestry of Jesse 
Gale, of Goshen, N. Y., b 1751, d June 24, 1817, 
and of his wife, Luesetia Lee, b 1759, d Aug. 
18, 1828, who, according to family tradition, 
was connected with the Lees of Va. 

(2) Baker-Wendel. — Sarah Baker, who m 
John Burger, of N. Y. City, Jan. 20, 1767, was 
the dau of Jacob Baker or Backer, who m a 
Miss Wendel. Can anyone give me further 
information about them? 

(3) Vanderhoof-King-Keyser-Tuthill. — 
Cornelius Vanderhoof, b at N. Y. City, bapt 
Aug. 21, 1720, d there Mar. 3, 1775, m Anneke 
Koning or King, who d Nov. 2, 1773. Their son, 
Cornelius Vanderhoof, b at N. Y. City, Apr. 12, 
1752, d there, Apr. 22, 1793, m Margaret Keyser. 
Their son, Matthew Vanderhoof, b at Second 

River, N. J., Dec. 16, 1781, d at N. Y. City, Oct. 
18, 1872, m Elizabeth Tuthill, b Sept. 1, 1782, 
d at N. Y. City, Apr. 14, 1861. She had a 
nephew, Leonard Suydam. I should be grateful 
for any information as to the ancestry of 
Anneke King, Margaret Keyser, or Elizabeth 
Tuthill.— G. L. 

6320. Tripp.— Anne Tripp, b Feb. 12, 1752, d 
Jan. 21, 1828, m Jan. 7, 1776, John Christy, b 
Sept. 29, 1755, d Mar. 19, 1833. They were resi- 
dents of Dutchess Co., N. Y. Their ch were 
Benjamin, b 1776, m Esther Hall; Margaret, b 
1778, m Joseph Lockwood ; Richard, b 1780, m 
Margaret Rogers ; Sarah, b 1782, m David Cor- 
win; Leonard, b 1784, m Ruth Hall; John, b 
1787, m Martha Townsend ; William, b 1780, m 
Margaret Brownell ; Anne, b 1792, m Robert 
Ingraham. John Christy was the son of Dennis 
and Corneles (Stewart) Christy or Christie. 
Ancestry of Anne Tripp desired, with Rev 

(2) Skidmore.— Elizabeth Skidmore, b June 
25, 1746, d Mar. 13, 1771, m Oct., 1763, Benja- 
min Hall (5), John (4), William (3), William 
(2), William (1), b North Kingston, R. I., 
Dec. 16, 1740, d Clove, Dutchess Co., N. Y., 
April, 1815. Their ch were Mary, b 1764 at 
Clove, m Jonathan Gidley; Abigail, b 1766, m 
(1) John Woolley, (2) Peter Lade; Phebe, b 
1768, m Samuel Thorn; John, b 1771, m Eliza- 
beth Bentley. Elizabeth (Skidmore) Hall was 
the dau of John and Elizabeth Skidmore. 
Wanted, dates and places of b, d and m of her 
parents with Rev service, civil or military, of 
John Skidmore. Was he the John Skidmore 
who m Elizabeth Whitehead? 

(3) Herrick. — Nancy Herrick m Asa Meth- 
erbee, who was b in Fitchburg, Mass., Sept. 10, 
1783, and d in Dunkirk, N. Y., Aug. 16, 1852. 
They were residents of Brant (or Evans), Erie 
Co., N. Y. The ch who lived to maturity were 
Sylvenus, b 1817, m Elizabeth Jessup ; Mary, b 
about 1819, m Erastus Grannis ; Maranda, b 
1821, m George Russell ; Barbara, b 1824, m 
Harry Carley; John b 1825, m Ruth Roberts; 
Dorcas, b 1826, m John Kewley ; William Asa, 
b 1829, m Emily Hufstudler; Charles Paul, b 
1831, m Margaret Scott. Other children d 
young. Nancy Herrick d in Brant (or Evans) 
about 1833 or 1834. The census of 1820 gives 
her age as over 16 and under 26. As they ap- 
parently had 4 children at that time, she was 
doubtless nearer the latter age. I should like 
date and place of b and m, with her ancestry, 
and the Rev service, if any, of her father or 
grandfather. Any clue to her parentage will be 
most gratefully received. — E. M. C. 

6321. Beheathland ( Behethland)-Berrv- 
man-Taliaferro. — Capt. Robert Beheathland 
was one of Capt. John Smith's companions in 
1607. This name appears as the first name in 



the families of Storke, Taliaferro, Gibson and 
Bernard. The name descends in the Taliaferro 
family as follows: Beheathland Taliaferro, 
dau of Capt. Richard and Rose (Berryman) 
Taliaferro; Beheathland (Taliaferro) Mercer, 
dau of John and Mary (Hardin) TaHaferro ; 
Beheathland Berryman (Lingo) Johnson, dau 
of Elijah and Mary Hardin (Taliaferro) 
Lingo ; Beheathland Jones, dau of John L. and 
Lucy (Taliaferro) Jones. Does the name Be- 
heathland enter the Taliaferro family through 
Rose Berryman, who m Capt. Richard Talia- 
ferro, of Caroline Co., Va., June, 1726? Wanted 
ancestry, with dates of Rose (Berryman) Talia- 

(2) Strother. — Anthony Strother m in 1733 
Beheathland Storke, a granddau of Nehe- 
miah Storke, who m Beheathland Gilson, who 
was a dau of Major Andrew Gilson and his 
wife, Mrs. Beheathland Dade, nee Bernard, the 
dau of William Bernard and his wife, Anne 
Beheathland. Was Anne a dau of the above- 
mentioned Capt. Robert Beheathland? Wanted, 
history of the Beheathland family. 

(3) Taliaferro.— Who was the wife of 
Zachariah Taliaferro. 3d son of Lieut. John 
and Sarah (Smith) Taliaferro? Sarah (Smith) 
Taliaferro was a dau of Col. Lawrence Smith, 
of Gloucester. Zachariah Taliaferro was b 
1683, d 1745. He was father of Capt. Richard 
Taliaferro, who m Rose Berryman. Name and 
ancestry, with dates of Zachariah Taliaferro's 
wife, desired. — L. E. J. 

6322. Sherley. — I want to establish the 
fact that Thomas Sherley, a Rev soldier, b in 
Fairfield Co., S. C., living in 1832, in Jackson 
Co., 111., was the father of Lydia Sherley who 
m John Ward and lived in Spartanburg Co., 
S. C. Thomas Sherley received a pension for 
his services and in 1835 was living with his 
children in Washington Co., Mo. 

(2) Mason. — James Mason and Susannah 
Tapp, of Culpeper Co., Va., were m in 1793. 
His father's Christian name and whom he m 
desired. Seven James Masons served in the 
Rev. This James Mason had a bro named 
Broderick, who came to S. C. before 1790, and 
James himself came to S. C. a few years after 
that.— R. D. W. 

6323. Owsley. — The war record of John 
Bryant of the Rev period shows that he m, 
1786, Mary Owsley, in Lincoln Co., Ky. Have 
you any record of Mary Owsley's father hav- 
ing been a Rev soldier? 

(2) Malone. — Johnathan Malone was b in 
S. C. abt 1760, m Mary Duncare abt 1780. Was 
Johnathan Malone a Rev soldier? — M. A. C. 

6324. McCall. — Can you tell me anything 
of the name McCall or Call from Augusta Co., 
Va.?— R. D. A. 

6325. Carter. — John Carter, my grand- 

father, d 1804 in Albemarle Co., Va. He en- 
listed in the beginning of the Rev War and 
served through said war. His only bro, Charles 
Carter, was also in the Rev and killed at the 
battle of Cowpens. His sister m a Mr. Chandler, 
who lived in Albemarle Co., Va. My great- 
grandmother's name was Elizabeth Saunders 
and she m a Mr. Bond. They had 4 ch : Albert, 
Robert, Polly and Mourning (my grand- 
mother). Mourning Bond was b in 1768, in 
Flurana Co., Va., and m John Carter, of Albe- 
marle Co. They had 4 ch. : Narcessa, Mary, 
Martha and Charles (my father). Informa- 
tion of said John Carter, also the Bonds, 
desired.— J. W. C. 

6326. Calkins.— Simon Calkins, 1739-1820, 
served in the Rev. Information desired of his 
wife and ch. Was he a son of Stephen Calkin, 
of Sharon?— L. A. B. 

6327. Hall. — Joshua Hall, of Norwich and 
New London Go's. Was he a Rev soldier? 
Had sons, Samuel, a Rev. soldier, b Aug. 20, 
1759, d Apr. 11, 1839, at Byron, had a pension; 
and Benjamen, b Sept. 18, 1766, d at Palmyra, 
Apr. 28, 1842. Am anxious to learn dates and 
places of Joshua Hall's b, d and m, also wife's 

(2) Sutton. — Can any one tell me if Sarah 
Sutton m Isaac Beatty of N. J., a captain in the 
Jersey line in Rev War? Date of m wanted, 
also any other information. — M. L. M. 

6328. Maxey. — Edward Maxey, b 1783, 
Houston, Halifax Co., m Nancy Barry, b in 
Va., 1789. Is there Rev service in either of 
these lines? Information regarding either of 
these families desired. — B. W. W. 

6329. Perry. — In the Marriage Exchange in 
the Jan., 1917, magazine, I notice Eckle-Perry. 
Can you tell me anything concerning Jno. or 
Jack Perry, who came from Va. to S. C. and 
lived with his uncle when a little boy abt 12 
yrs of age, Lewis Collins, Kershaw Co., near 
Camden? Who was his father? Was his 
mother a Collins? He m Miss Duren. They 
had 7 ch. : Jas., Daniel, Olliver, William, Jack, 
Emily and Louisiana. They were related to 
Stark Perry, Gov. of Florida. Any Rev service 

(2) Shropshire. — Any data concerning 
Shropshires from England of value to me. Jno. 
or Jack Shropshire, of Kershaw Co., S. C, m 
Miss Bradford ( ?), John, Jack or Jas., m Miss 
McAdams, Sallie m Thompson. Any McAdams 
data? Were there any Rev soldiers in either 
Bradfords, Shropshires or McAdams line of 

(3) Georges-Patterson. — Any information 
concerning Georges or Pattersons, of S. C. ? 
Don't know whether or not they settled some- 
where else before Rev. My earliest knowledge 
of them in Kershaw Co., S. C. 



(4) Smith. — Any data concerning Charles 
Smith, Rev officer? Son or grandson was 
Fletcher Smith, Methodist minister, Ocomee 
Co., S. C. 

(5) Rives. — Any data concerning Timothy 
Rives who m Priscilla Turner, dau of Jas. Tur- 
ner, of Va. ? Moved to S. C, Richland District, 
now Columbia, before Rev. Rives and Turner 
genealogy wanted. 

(6) Warnock. — Jno. Warnock, Rev soldier, 
m Eleanor Darndle in 1786. Did Eleanor's 
father, Robert Darndle, serve in Rev? General 
data wanted. 

(7) Taylor. — Can you give me the address 
of any one who has joined D. A. R. on the 
Taylor line? Settled in Columbia abt 1750. 

John Taylor m . Martha Taylor, his dau, 

m, 1st, Maj. Nathan Center. She m, 2d, George 
Wade. Taylor genealogy before 1750 desired. 
— W. P. R. 

6330. Davis. — Rev record of Samuel Davis, 
of Bedford Co., Va., desired. He was my 
double great-grandfather. I noted mention 
in March magazine that his will was included 
in the "Clemen Index of Bedford Co. Wills," 
and I sent for the pubhcation. — P. S. M. 

6331. Trowbridge. — Thomas Trowbridge, a 
cloth manufacturer and of a good English 
family, came to America in 1637 and settled at 
New Haven, Conn., in 1639. One of the connec- 
tion migrated to the Shenandoah Valley soon 
after the Rev. We have no certain knowledge 
that he himself came to Pendleton Co., now 
W. Va. Nearly or quite all of his ch. were 
living in Preston Co., W. Va., abt 1804. Of the 
sons, Jonathan and Joseph went to Mo. abt 1820. 
David, Samuel R., and Jesse stayed in W. Va. 
and reared large families. General data and 
Rev service if any desired. — S. D. McC. 

6332. Heath. — I am interested in obtaining 
knowledge abt a certain Heath, who was in the 
Arnold expedition to Quebec. He also fought 
in the French and Indian Wars. What regi- 
ments went with Col. Arnold in his expedition 
through the Wilderness? Were they all from 
Conn.?— W. J. Y. 

6333. Bowles. — Thomas Bowles m Eleanor 
Price. Thomas d in 1800. Eleanor d in 1813. 
Who was Eleanor Price's father and did he 
have Rev service? 

(2) Shannon. — Robert Shannon, b in Great 
Britain 1667, d at Evansburg, Pa., was in Mont- 
gomery Co. in 1734. Thomas Shannon was in 
Lancaster Co., Pa., in 1738. William Shannon 
was in Peters township, Cumberland Co. (now 
Franklin), took out a patent in 1751. Any in- 
formation as to where these men, especially 
William, came from desired. — V. S. F. 

6334. Hart. — Thomas Hart received 800 
acres by a land grant bearing date June 15, 1784, 
at Register Office, Va. He once lived in Berkley 

Co., Va. Issue: Josiah m Judith Tauner. 
John. Ruth m Daniel Van Meter. One dau m 
Uppon Craft. I think he was twice married. 
I have an indenture made betw Thomas Hart 
and his wife Nancy'in yr 1796. Want whom he 
m and also dates of b, d and m of him and wife 
or wives. 

(2) Hill.— John Hill m Elizabeth Philipps. 
Issue: Polly, b in Permelis Co., Va., m Rev. 
Richard Epperson ; Elizabeth m Hudson Mar- 
tin. Wanted, dates of b, d and m of John Hill 
and his wife, also the Rev record of John Hill. 
— L. T. H. 

6335. Marshall. — Information desired con- 
cerning my great-greatgrandfather, Francis 
Marshall, b Feb. 24, 1752, and d Feb. 7, 1804. He 
m Deborah Dean, Oct. 21, 1773. Deborah Dean 
was b June 17. 1751, and d Jan. 6, 1803. Their 
ch were : Sarah, b Aug. 14, 1774 ; David, b Nov. 
22, 1777; Hannah, b Jan. 4, 1780; Anne, b Apr. 
11, 1785; Abbe, b Jan. 4, 1788; Elihu F., b June 
30, 1794, and Samuel D., my great-grandfather, 
b Mar. 11, 1782. Samuel Marshall was b in 
New York state, near Saratoga. Did Francis 
Marshall serve in the Rev? Is he connected 
with the family of Chief Justice Marshall? — 
A. L. C. 

6336. Wayatt.— Who were the parents of 
Catherine Wyatt, of Gloucester Co., Va., who 
m Wm. Hall? Their dau, Ann Hall, b 1777. 
m Francis Stubbs. Would like to know if a 
book has been published on the Wayatt family 
of Gloucester Co., Va. 

(2) Stubbs. — Is there a Rev record of Law- 
rence Stubbs, of Gloucester Co., Va., who was 
b 1738, d 1797, m 1763, Ellis Dubai. Would 
appreciate any information. — M. B. 

6337. Spenser. — John Spenser came from 
England to Va. when a mere boy before the 
Rev. He m Nancy Lacy. I have their children's 
names. My ancestor, John, Jr., m Nancy Carr. 
They lived at one time in Rockingham Co., 
N. C, going later to Tenn., and finally to Tuss- 
caloosa, Ala. John, Sr., is said to have been a 
soldier in the Rev, and possibly his son John. I 
am anxious to find complete data and Rev 
service of Spencer Lacy and Carr, and will 
gladly give the information I already have to 
any one desiring it. 

(2) Walker-Spenser. — Henry Walker, of 
Lunenburg Co., Va., or Tenn., abt 1794. His 

wife was Jeffries. Their son Henry b 

1775, m Mary Gibson Spenser, dau of John 
Spenser, Jr., in 1801, near Franklin, Tenn. 
Would like genealogy and Rev service of 
Walker line.— E. E. C. 

6338. Grinnell- Leonard - Crane. — Ezra 
Grinnell's mother was a Crane, and tradition 
says her father or grandfather Crane was the 
only survivor of his company after enduring 
untold hardships in the Rev War. Ezra m 



Lucretia Leonard, b 1788, probably Onadauga 
Co.. N. Y., d East Shelby, N. Y. Their son, 
Marcus Grinnell, moved to Mich., where he d 
Feb. 21. 1882. Ancestry and Rev service desired. 
(2) Manchester-Sanford.— Deborah Man- 
chester, b 1814, d 1846, Orleans Co., N. Y., 1st 
wife of Marcus Grinnell. Her parents were 
Benson Manchester and Thankful Sanford, of 
West Bane or East Shelby, N. Y. Ancestry 
and Rev service desired. — F. C. B. 

6339. Combs. — Cuthbert Combs and wife 
Sally, lived in what is now Clark Co., Ky., in 
1782. The Va. census of 1785 shows they were 
living in Stafford Co. at that time, his will 
was proved in said county in 1815. Cuthbert 
Combs' mother and bro Fielding were living 
at the time his will was written in 1814. Ch of 

Cuthbert Combs and Sally : Betsey, m 

Edwards; Joseph, m Susanna Clark; Benja- 
min, m Betsey Payne ; Polly, m Eevans ; John ; 
Sythe. m William H. Payne ; Susanna, m Rich- 
ard Hichman ; Cuthbert, m Rebeckah Allen : 
Sally, m Silas Eevans ; Nancy, m Dennis Payne ; 
Trilding ; Ennis. m Polly Hands. Wanted, Rev 
record of Cuthbert Combs. 

(2) Wall.— Richard Wall and a bro Robert 
left Va. when ch and with their parents moved 
to N. C. Richard Wall was b Mar. 17, 1767. He 
m Susan Vernon. What was his father's name? 
Wanted, genealogical data. — E. P. 

6340. Thornburgh. — Thos. Thornburgh m 
Sarah Gibbons in 1745. Would like names of 
parents of both. Any Rev service? 

(2) GooDENOUGH. — Adiuo Goodenough had 
a bro living in Middlebury, Vt., in 1810. What 
was his name? Also the names of their parents. 
— N. AL 

6341. Sebree. — Richard Sebree, b in Orange 
Co., Va., Mar. 29, 1752. A soldier in the Rev, 
after war went to Ky., near Scott Co. Received 
pension; d in Ky. abt 1835. Who were his 
parents? Had he bros? Family names: John 
Reuben-Muriel-Richard-William. James Lercy- 
Elizabeth. Richard Sebree's wife's name was 
thought to have been Kezeah Watts, called 
Jzzy.— S. S. F. 

6342. Harris-Moseley. — John Mortimore 
Harris, son of Benjamin Harris, of Bucking- 
ham Co., Va., m Evelyn Monley, sister of Alex 
Monley, Editor of " The Richmond Whig." 
Issue of John Mortimore and Evelyn Monley 
Harris: Amanda, who m Robert Boiling; 
Louise, who m Wm. Steptoe and Major Boat- 
might; Virginia, m William Henry Hammon ; 
Evelyn, m Robt. Chambers ; Norburn Eugene 

m ; John Woods m Mary Elizabeth 

Christmas. Ancestors and other family data 
desired. — L. H. L. 

6343. Denton. — One Joseph Denton signed 
article of compact by settlers on Cumberland, 
May 1, 1780. Who were his parents, and whom 

did he m and when? Was he the father of one 
James Denton who m Patsy Woodruff in Nash- 
ville on May 11, 1812. Did this James have a 
sister Tabitha?— E. W. 

6344. Brewer.— Two bros, John and Paul 
Brewer, m, respectively, two sisters, Hannah 
and Grace Timpson, in N. J. These men served 
in the N. J. Continental Line in the Rev War. 
What county did they reside in and when were 
they m ? — S. C. 

6345. Clark.— David Clark claimed to be a 
Rev soldier and his wife, Tamar Jeffries, lived 
in Beaver Co., Pa. Among their ch were David, 
Allen and John. Can anyone furnish David 
Clark's Rev service and dates of his b and d, 
his wife's b and d dates and their marriage? 

(2) Truesdale. — Hugh Truesdale, a Rev 
soldier, had a son James, who m Elizabeth 
Clark, and a dau Mary, who m John Clark, a 
bro of Elizabeth. John Clark lived in Beaver 
Co., Pa., and moved to WiUiamsfield, O. In 
1880. Rev. J. C. Truesdale, of Apple Creek, 
Wayne Co., O., was made historian of this 
family. Can he or his descendants furnish the 
record of Hugh Truesdale? — C. J. C. 

6346. Hicklin. — Would like military history 
and family record of Capt. Thomas Hicklin, of 
Staunton, Augusta Co. (now Bath and High- 
land Co.), Va., who served in Rev from 1776 
to 1781. Was said to have been in battle at 
Yorktown and detailed to convey Hessian sol- 
diers to Winchester, Va. Supposed to have 
d in Bath or Highland Co., Va. Owned 
the Hamilton farm in Augusta Co. Who 
did he m and when was his son Jonathan b, 
and when and where did Jonathan Hecklin m 
Jane Lockridge, of Augusta Co., later of 
Lexington, Ky.? — F. M. 

(2) Adams. — Would like family record of 
Elisha Adams, who was b May 4, 1753. Lived 
at Dedham, Mass., and joined Rev army, Apr. 
6, 1777, serving 3 years as private. His son 
David b Mar. 28, 1794, at Amhurst, Mass., was 
my great-grandsire. Who did he m, when and 
where can records be found? — R. M. 

6347. Blackburn - Scruggs. — Information 
wanted as to parentage of Julius Blackburn and 
his wife, Betsy Scruggs, of Spottsylvania Co., 
Va.— A. B. G. 

6348. Chase. — Who were the parents of 
Lydia Chase, wife of John Waite or White, 
Creek or Cambridge, N. Y. ? 

(2) Lawton. — Who were the parents of 
Joseph Lawton, who m Sarah Sherman? Jo- 
seph Lawton lived in Pittstown, N. Y., having 
moved from Dartmouth, R. I. — M. B. L. 

6349. Williams. — Sarah Sophia Williams 
was b at Attica, N. Y., Nov. 9, 1811, and m 
Nathaniel Hamlin (or Hamblin) West in the 
same town, May 29, 1834. Her ancestry, with 
any other data and Rev service, is requested. 



(2) Hannah Hamlin (or Hamblin) was 

the wife of West, and they lived in 

Genesee Co., N. Y., where their son Nathaniel 
H. was b July 1, 1808. Was there Rev service 
in either line? — E. G. B. 

6350. Adams - Fowler. — Joel Adams, of 
Suffield, Conn., a Rev soldier, was b in 1729, 
d 1820, m in 1761, Elizabeth Fowler. Desire 
genealogical data of his parents, also of his 
bros and sisters and their m. Same informa- 
tion desired in regard to Elizabeth Fowler. 
Did her father render patriotic service? 

(2) Bentley-Matthias (or Matthews). 
— William Bentley, a Rev soldier, b probably in 
Mass., Apr., 1765, d in Antwerp, N. Y., May, 
1850; m 1st in January, 1785, Anna Matthias 
(or Matthews), b Oct., 1769, d June, 1835. They 
lived many years in Montgomery Co., N. Y. 
Ancestry of both desired, with all genealogical 
data. Patriotic service desired. 

(3) Chandler. — Lucy Chandler, of Dux- 
bury, Mass., m Feb., 1762, Stephen Otis, son of 
James and Sarah (Ludor) Otis, of Montville 
and East Haddam, Conn. Lucy was b June 21, 
1738, d Mar. 4, 1837, probably in Halifax, Vt. 
They lived in Colchester, Conn., where their 
12 ch were born, afterward in Shelburne, Mass.. 
and in Halifax, Vt., where Stephen d Dec. 1, 
1831. Parentage of Lucy Chandler desired, 
with all genealogical data and Rev service. 

(4) Coates - Turner. — Eliphalet, son of 
James and Martha (Rhodes) Coates, was b at 
KilHngly, Conn., July 25, 1734, m abt 1761, Su- 
sannah Turner, said to have been the " dau 
of John Turner, a sea captain of Boston"; 
births of 8 of their ch : Susannah, Hannah, 2 
Arubahs, Lydia, Eliphalet, Jr., John and Nancy 
recorded at Killingly. They removed to Vt., 
and later to Oneida Co., N. Y., where Eliphalet 
d aged abt 70; his wife d at Holland Patent, 
N. Y., Oct. 16, 1828. Rev service of Eliphalet 
Coates (Coats or Cotes) desired. Did Susan- 
nah's father serve in the Rev ? All genealogical 
data of Susannah and her parents desired. 

(5) Willard-Whipple. — Isaac, son of Jo- 
seph and Martha (Clarke) Willard, was b at 
Grafton, Mass., Apr., 1724; d Jan., 1806, m 1st 
Sarah Whipple, 2d Mercy Dudley. Lived in 
Worcester, Alass. He was a lieut. in Col. 
Chandler's regt in 1771. Did he serve in the 
Rev? Genealogy of Sarah Whipple desired. 

(6) WiLLARD-JoHNSON. — Solomon Wiilard, 
son of Isaac above, was b at Worcester, Mass., 
Oct., 1755, d there Apr., 1808; m there Dec, 
1777, Lydia, dau of Capt. Micah and Phebe 
(Moore) Johnson, b Oct. 5, 1755. Did Solo- 
mon serve in the Rev? Genealogy of Capt. 
Micah Johnson desired and Rev service. 

(7) Potter- Parker. — Ephraim Potter was 
b July, 1760, served in the Rev, d Aug. 8, 1832, 
m in 1781, Elirabeth Parker. Wanted, place of 

his b, m and d, the parentage of both Ephraim 
and Elirabeth, with genealogical data. Did 
Ephraim's father or Elirabeth's father serve in 
the Rev?— J. E. M. 

6351. WARE-HARRisf)N. — Johu, son of James 
Ware, m Ann Harrison in Goochland Co., Va., 
May 20, 1756, dau of Andrew Harrison, of 
Goochland Co., who later moved to N. C, and 
d there. Does anyone know when this Andrew 
Harrison first appeared in Goochland Co. and 
where he came from ? Who were his parents ? 
John Ware was always spoken of in our family 
as " Captain " John Ware, and is thus set down 
in my grandfather's Bible. Did he have mili- 
tary service? Was he the John Ware serving 
on the Goochland Co. Committee of 1775^ 
This Committee list appears in " Wm. and 
Mary Quarterly, Vol. 5, No. 4." Issue of John 
and Ann (Harrison) Ware: (1) James, (2) 
Nicholas, (3) Molly, (4) Mildred (?). (5) 
William, m Susan Payne, (6) Jane, m John H. 
Mosby, and were the ancestors of the 
Confederate Col. Jack Mosby, (7) Anne 
("Nancy"), b 1171. m Rich'd Wyatt on Dec. 
8, 1796. Would like to correspond with any 
Ware and Harrison descendants. 

(2) Scott-Coleman. — Robert, son of Rob- 
ert and Hannah (Brunskill) Scott, was b in 
Va., 1767. and d 1850. He m Anne Coleman, 
Feb. 21, 1799. Anne Coleman, b in Va., 1783. d 
1851, dau of Thomas Coleman (b 1745), and 
his wife, Mary Woolfolk, whom he m Mar. 26. 
1776. Who was Mary Woolfolk's father, and 
did he have military service? Robert and 
(Coleman) Scott lived in Caroline Co. 
and their ch were: (1) Samuel C, m Louisa 
McGruder, (2) Mary, m Samuel Wortham. (3) 
Hannah, m Warner W. Guy, (4) Elizabeth, m 
Robert S. Peatross, (5) Martha Frances, m 
Wm. R. B. Wyatt, in 1832, (6) Thomas L., m 
Ann E. Minor, (7) Rich'd W., m Jane Scott, 
(8) Susan, m Nicholas Ware, (9) Jane M., 
(10) Pamelia, (11) Isabella, m Wm. R. B. 
Wyatt (2d wife), (12) Ellen. 

(3) Harris - King. — Overton Harris, of 
Va., son of Overton and Ann (Nelson) Har- 
ris, was b 1767, d 1813. He m. 1st, Barbara 
Wayatt, of Caroline Co., Va., and had: (1) 
Amelia Ann Harris, m Samuel White, (2) 
John Wayatt Harris m Judith Cox. Overton 
Harris m his 2d wife, Martha ("Patsey") 
King, Nov. 28, 1805. Their ch were: (1) Eva- 
lina Overton, m Henley Cowles Doswell, (2) 
Martha Ann, and (3) Barbara, were twins, b 
1808. (4) Harriet King Harris, b 1811, m Rich- 
ard Ware Wyatt, and had a twin brother, 
Henry King (of whom our family has a beau- 
tiful painted miniature). Who were the parents 
of Patsey and Henry King, of Va. ? Was there 
military service ? 

(4) New-Anderson. — Anthony New. an 

r. aiiu 
Anne / 



officer in the Rev, was b 1747 in Va. (sup- 
posedly Gloucester Co.), and d in Todd Co., 
Ky. He is buried at " Dunheath," his old home, 
near Elkton. He was a notable man and a 
member of Congress, both from Va. and Ky. 
His 1st wife was Ann Anderson, a dau of Rob't 
Anderson, of " Goldmine," Hanover Co., Va., 
and sister to Rich'd Clough Anderson, a distin- 
guished Rev patriot. Can anyone give me the 
date of Ann's m to Anthony New and the date 
of her d? (She was b Jan-. 21, 1745.) Their 
dau. Mary Anderson New, b Oct. 27, 1779, m 
William S. Wyatt, of Caroline Co., Va., Nov. 12, 
1801. In 1782 Anthony New m his 2d wife, 
Nancy Wyatt, of Caroline Co. Their ch to 
the best of my knowledge were: (1) Lucy, m 
Gatewood, (2) Eliza Gregory, m Col. Boiling 
Starke in 1819, (3) Barbara, m Rob't Tucker 
Baylor. (4) Ann, m William Tate, (5) Emily, 
m Boone, bro. or cousin of Daniel Boone, (6) 
William, m Ann Bryan or Bryant, (7) Joseph, 
and (8) Richard, unmarried. (9) Walter 
Wyatt, m Courtenaye Baylor, (10) Anthony, 
ni Miss Thruston (or Bracken). Anthony New 
was said to have been half bro to the eminent 
surgeon. Dr. Baynham, and certainly connected 
with him in some way. Anything that would 
throw light on the parentage of Anthony New 
desired, or any fact pertaining to him. — 
M. W. W. 


5085. Maddox.— Notley Maddox, b in Md., 
Apr. 13, 1731, m 1758, Susannah Burch at Trin- 
ity Parish by Rev. Isaac Camphil. Issue : Mary 
Ann Maddox, b Jan. 4, 1759, m Joshua Turner ; 

Justinian Maddox, b Dec. 16 (?); Sarah 

Maddox b Mar. 13, 1764; Samuel Maddox. b 
June 1, 1766; Susannah Maddox, b Aug. 12, 
1768; Nancy Maddox, b July 7, 1770; Notley 
Maddox, b Mar. 28, 1773; Elizabeth Maddox, 
b Dec. 9. 1776; John Maddox, b Apr. 13, 1778, 
Benett Maddox, b May, 1780 (Betlo Records). 
Notley Maddox was chosen, Nov. 18, 1774, on 
the committee of Observation to represent and 
act for Charles Co., Md. (Maryland Archives). 
Notley Maddox served in Capt. Jas. Pendle- 
tan's Co. of artillery. He enlisted Feb. 7, 1777, 
to serve during the war, and his name appears 
on roll for Jan., Feb. and Mar., 1782. He re- 
ceived a land grant, warrant 1-460, 200 acres. 
Aug. 1, 1783. This grant is near Flint Hill, Va.^ 
and a descendant of his owns a part of the 
grant. Notley Maddox moved to Ky. abt 1813, 
and located near Pleasureville, where he d 
Mar. 11, 1820. His oldest ch, Mary Ann, was 
my great-grandmother. She lived to be 99 yrs 
of age. John Maddox was a surveyor. I have 

in my possession a hand-made arithmetic, pen- 
and-ink drawing, which he taught in the Blue 
Ridge Mts. of \3..—Mrs. Walter Matthews. 
Lexington, Ky. 

6138. Adams. — Solomon Adams, b in Provi- 
dence, R. I., Apr. 23, 1699. He m Abigail Mon- 
roe. They resided in Canterbury, Nov. 20, 1778. 
She d Sept. 17, \7^A.—Mrs. G. A. Norman, Inde- 
pendence, Iowa. 

6138. Thompson-Gilbert-Miles. — See Goo- 
man's early settlers, Mass. and Conn. Davis 
History, Meriden and Wallingford, Conn. At- 
wabers History of New Haven, Conn. Orcatls 
History, Stratford, Conn. Stiles History, An- 
cient Windsor, 2 Vol. See East Harcu Regis- 
ter, by Dodd.— Mrj. IV. E. Bell, Mina, Nev. 

6149. Meeks-Smith. — I am. a lineal de- 
scendant of Werner Smith. If you will write 
me, I may be able to aid you. — Allyn Smith, 
Cotter, Ark. 

(2) Clark.— Joseph Clark, b abt 1770, d 
1807, at Clarke Co., Va. On Oct. 8, 1789, he m 
Mary Reynolds, b 1768, d 1817. She was a dau 
of Capt. John Reynolds, of Washington Co., 
Md., who served in the Rev. Ch of the above : 
Joseph, m Elizabeth Dennis ; Margret, m Jas. 
Brown ; William, m Sarah Harnesberger ; 
Jane ; Elizabeth, m John Hill ; Frances, m John 
Anderson; 2 ch d in childhood. — Mrs. Edith P. 
Head, 6 Beaumont Ave., Catonsvilie, Md. 

6149. Smith. — Dennis Smith served in the 
Rev at Valley Forge. His son, Peter Smith, 
served in the War of 1812, m Priscilla Cooper. 
Their dau, Mrs. Hannah Hufford, a resident 
of Amwell township, d in her 95th year, Nov. 9, 
1918, Washington Co., V^.—Mrs. J. G. Hall, 227 
Jefferson Ave., Washington Co., Pa. 

6176. Talbot. — I trace my ancestor back to 
one Benjamin Talbot who m Eliza Ball on 
Nov. 11, 1734. This Eliza Ball was one of the 
daus of Col. Joseph Ball and a sister of Mary 
Ball, mother of Geo. Washington. Benjamin 
Talbot and Mary Ball had a son Joseph. Joseph 
had a son Benjamin; Benjamin, a son Caleb; 
Caleb, a son Reese ; and Reese was the father 
of my mother. I have a good many of the 
dates, but not of the two Benjamins and Joseph. 
We evidently trace from the same source, only 
different branches of the family. I do not 
quite understand your first query as to the 
Talbots, since you seem to be interested in an 
Annie Ball, and as it was Eliza Ball that m a 
Talbot. My uncle living in Penn. has the mar- 
riage certificate of Benjamin Talbot and Eliza 
Ball in his possession. However, I am sure 
that the Matthew Talbot you speak of is my 
ancestor, as our family came from a titled 
house of England. — Mrs. Carthare I. Sears, 
Keeliere Apts., Centialia, Washington, D. C. 

Vol. Liii Conten-ts no. 4 

APRIL, 1919 

George Washington (Frontispiece) 

Washington's Foreign Policy 187 

William E. Borah 
The American Eagle an Indian Symbol 192 

Charles A. Eastman 
Tax List of Greene County, Tennessee, for the Year 1783. 196 

Louise Wilson Reynolds 
Honor Roll of the Daughters of the American Revolution 

Magazine 204 

Historic Turnpike Roads and Toll Gates 205 

Major Fred J. Wood 
Engraved Portraits of American Patriots 220 

Natalie Sumner Lincoln 

State Conferences 228 

Work of the Chapters 232 

Daughters of the American Revolution War Service Depart- 
ment 239 

Mrs. William Henry Wait 
Washington's Birthday Celebrated in Memorial Continental 

Hall 240 

Genealogical Department 241 

National Board of Management 

Regular Meeting of 250 

Official List of 275 



Publication Office, 227 South Sixth Street. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 


Chairman Magazine Committee, Waterford, Conn. Editor, Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 


Genealogical Editor, Annapolis, Md. 


Single Copy, 15 Cents Yearly Subscription, $1.00 Canadian Postage 30 Cents Additional 








VOL. LIII, No. 4 

APRIL, 1919 

WHOLE No. 321 


By William E. Borah 

United States Senator from Idaho 

|HE Revolutionary Army had 
been victorious after a long 
and arduous struggle. The 
colonies had organized their 
government after years of dis- 
sension and chaos. George 
Washington was President. The whole 
world looked upon our scheme of a 
Republic as a passing experiment. The 
duty now developed upon Washington 
and his associates to give it dignity, 
honor and stability and to prove to the 
world that a Republican form of gov- 
ernment could be a success. 

It had been apparent to Washington 
prior to his accepting the Presidency 
that if we were to succeed and to estab- 
lish here a Republic and to give perma- 
nency to our free institutions we must 
withhold ourselves from all entangling 
alliances with Europe and divorce 
wholly and completely the American 
system from the European system of 
statecraft and politics. The necessity 
of such a course with reference to our 

foreign policy seemed clear to Wash- 
ington prior to his becoming President. 
He had written to Sir Edward Newen- 
ham a letter in which he said : " I hope 
the United States of America will be 
able to keep disengaged from the laby- 
rinth of European politics and wars." 

Washington was not a provincial. 
No man had a broader vision, a more 
cosmopolitan view of afifairs than the 
first President. He was not a provin- 
cial, but he was distinctly, inexorably 
and uncompromisingly an American. 
He believed that an independent course 
was indispensable to the success of the 
American cause and furthermore be- 
lieved that the greatest service to man- 
kind, to civilization and ultimately to 
peace would be by establishing here a 
new system of government wholly dis- 
associated and disconnected from Euro- 
pean systems. 

After he became President this 
thought was constantly uppermost in 
his mind. It is found throughout all 


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his correspondence. It is restated many 
times to his friends. The man who 
had led the Revokitionary Army to 
victory thought the fight was only 
half won unless we could make sure 
l)olitically of what we had won upon 
the field of battle. It was not long 
until the test came. The revolution in 
France ripened into a conflict between 
France and England. We were under 
a debt of gratitude to France. We had 
lately been in conflict with England. 
The American people naturally felt 
friendly to France and naturally an 
enmity toward England. Hence the 
persistent and almost universal demand 
that we at once take sides upon the 
part of France. In addition to this it 
was said that France was struggling to 
establish a Republic. 

There was no element of ingratitude 
in Washington. Looking above and 
beyond the immediate strife to the 
future of his own country he deter- 
mined that America should remain 
neutral. It was a part of his policy of 
non-entangling alliances with Europe. 
It would be interesting to record, if 
time or space permitted, the fearful 
attacks u])on Washington made by 
reason of the position which he then 
assumed. Perhaps there has never 
been a more bitter assault upon a Presi- 
dent of the United States than was 
made upon Washington b}^ reason of 
his declaration of neutrality. But in 
the midst of the controversy, at a time 
when public opinion seemed to be run- 
ning swiftly against him, he wrote to 
a friend and in substance said : there is, 
after all, a deep and underlying senti- 
ment in this country for America and 
it will ultimately assert itself. We 
need only be prudent in order to pre- 
serve our countrv from the broils and 

turmoils of Europe and to justify to 
the world the righteousness of our posi- 
tion. Washington won out. 

When the time came for Washington, 
of his own initiative, to retire he issued 
his farewell address to the American 
people, all in all perhaps the greatest 
document concerning political affairs ever 
emanating from the leader of a people. 
One of the principal subjects covered 
was this question of holding ourselves 
aloof from European afifairs. He said : 
" Europe has a set of primary interests 
which to us have none or a very remote 
relation. Hence she must be engaged 
in frequent controversies the causes of 
which are essentially foreign to our con- 
cerns. Hence it must be unwise in us to 
implicate ourselves by artificial ties in 
the ordinary vicissitudes of our politics 
or the ordinary combinations and col- 
lisions of our friendships or enmities." 

The wisdom contained in this para- 
graph is just as applicable and just as 
essential to-day as it was when it was 
delivered. It is the statement of one of 
those fundamental truths which does 
not lose its efifect when the day in 
which it was uttered has passed. As 
President W^ilson so well said : " It was 
not merely because of passing and 
transient circumstances that W^ashing- 
ton said we must keep from entangling 
alliances. . . . Those who are 
right, those who study their consciences 
in determining their policies, those who 
hold their honor higher than their advan- 
tages, do not need alliances." 

Europe has a set of primary inter- 
ests to-day which to us have none or a 
very remote relation. And she will be 
engaged in frequent controversies the 
causes of which are essentially foreign 
to our concerns. There is quite as 
much difference between the European 



system and the American system to-day 
as in the days of Washington. Does 
the system obtaining in Russia or In 
the Balkans or in Turkey or in Austria 
Hungary or in Spain and countless other 
countries resemble our system any more 
than at the time Washington spoke ? 

Again Washington says : " It is folly 
in one nation to look for disinterested 
favors from another ; that it must pay 
with a portion of its independence for 
whatever it may accept under that 
character. . . . There can be no 
greater error than to expect or calcu- 
late upon real favors from nation to 
nation. It is an illusion which experi- 
ence must cure, which a just pride 
ought to discard." 

How true it is, as Washington states, 
that we must pay with a portion of our 
independence for whatever we accept 
upon the theory of disinterested favors 
from another. Washington believed, 
as we all believe, in peace. But he 
understood well that one of the surest 
safeguards of peace for our people ;s 
to possess a strong national spirit, a 
national mind and purpose. 

It has sometimes been said that 
Washington's policy was a policy of 
isolation and that we have outgrown 
that in the history of the world. Wash- 
ington's policy was not necessarily nor 
essentially a policy of isolation. I have 
no doubt that had W%ashington been 
living he would have taken part in this 
European war because our national 
honor was involved and our national 
rights assailed. No one would have 

more quickly gone to the defense of 
those things and I doubt not that he 
would have temporarily associated 
himself with those who were fighting 
a common enemy. But what he advised 
against were artificial ties and perma- 
nent alliances, not isolation necessarily 
but the unembarrassed, unhampered 
and untrammeled right of a free and 
independent nation to decide in every 
emergency and under all circumstances 
what it was proper and right for them 
to do. He would not undertake to bind 
a free people as to what they should 
do a quarter of a century hence, he 
would leave them to determine when 
the emergency arose what in good con- 
science or right policy should be done. 
I have never entertained a doubt but 
that Washington's foreign policy was 
indispensable to the establishment of 
a republic upon this Western conti- 
nent. I believe that without it we 
would have been drawn into European 
alliances and that we would have been 
wrecked within a quarter of a century. 
We never could have survived in our 
first years the wrecking capacity of 
the European diplomats. I am equally 
certain that we could not if we should 
enter into European alliances survive 
the wrecking policy of European dip- 
lomats in the future. Washington's 
policv is just as essential and indis- 
pensable to the welfare and happiness 
of freedom and independence, of the 
success and perpetuity of the American 
Republic to-day as when it came from 
the pen of the wisest and most pro- 
found statesman of his or any other age. 


Bv Charles A. Eastman (Ohiyesa) 

LL nations h a v e em- 
blems or insignia, rep- 
resenting something 
of their spirit and 
ideals, and it ap- 
pears that this custom is 
of remote origin. In this 
instance, as in ma n y 
others, the poetry and 
mysticism of untutored man has set its 
impress upon a later and more material 
age. We find that the civilized nations 
of to-day still use the original coat-of- 
arms adopted by their primitive for- 
bears, or a modified form of the same. 
A few have borrowed the emblem of 
the native inhabitants of the country 
which they acquired and upon which 
they founded their nation- 
ality ; and among these we 
should class the United ^ 

States of America. WM 

The American Eagle is our ' ' 

national emblem, but prob- 
ably few know that it is also 
the sacred emblem of the 
American Indian. I believe 
this fact to have been univer- 
sally recognized among the 
dififerent tribes with their 
wide variations of language 
and custom. It is true that 
other countries have adopted 
the bird as the symbol of 
power and fierceness, but ours 
is not the Imperial Eagle of 
Russia or Austria ; we have 
the best of reasons and the 


sanction of ancient traditions native to 
this soil, for investing it with a higher 
and a finer meaning. 

The true significance of the Ameri- 
can emblem is religiously set forth by 
the wise old men of every Indian tribe 
throughout our land, and has been 
handed down through untoM genera- 
tions. The birthplace of the eagle is 
peculiarly lofty and grand — a cradle 
facing the elements. His nest is builded 
upon the highest tree in the deepest 
forest, or on some inaccessible pin- 
nacle of rock. This royal bird is reared 
in hardship and inured to storm. He 
views the whole world from his high 
station and sees the lowness of it all. 
He fears nothing, for he has learned his 
lesson from the north wind 
and the thunder cloud ; in- 
deed, he is often represented 
by the Indian as bearing the 
lightning in his beak. 
; His dignity is absolute. 

His powerful wings bear him 
afar. He must take life in 
order to live, yet he does 
this less frequently than 
most creatures, for he often 
fasts for three or four days. 
He is not wont to intrude or 
to take what belongs to an- 
other hunter. 

Perhaps no other race 
knows the animal creation 
more intimately or on a 
higher spiritual plane than 
the Indian, and this is his 







estimate. His eagle symbolizes nobility of spirit, perfect courage, dignity and poise, 
vision and wisdom. He employs its feathers as the only decoration of honor for 
distinguished services in peace or war. The feathers cannot be bought or sold. 
The Siouan nation seems to have maintained a stricter 
use of the language of feathers than any other tribe with 
which I am acquainted, and no man in the old days was 
permitted to wear an eagle's feather except as it was con- 
ferred by his tribesmen in recogni- 
tion of some honorable deed. The 
feather might be painted or marked in 
some way so that any stranger would 
know at a glance for what it was be- 
stowed. If he wore more than one, 
their grouping would indicate whether 
he won them all at one time or on dif- 
ferent occasions. It is especially inter- 
esting to note that the wearing of an 
eagle's feather did not necessarily mean 
the killing of an enemy. It might rep- 
resent the rescue of another at great 
risk to himself, the saving of his band 
from starvation by success in a difficult 
scout for game in mid-winter, or the 
giving of a great feast and conferring 
all his possessions upon the poor in 
recognition of a family event, such as 










the birth or coming of 
age of a child. The basic 
idea was not that of war 
and destruction, but of 
self-denying service. 

A simple war-bonnet 
of feathers onl3\ or with 
the addition of horse- 
hair tips, indicated lead- 
ership, and the highest 
degree of public service 
w a s rewarded by per- 
mission to wear the trail- 
i n g bonnet of m any 
plumes, tipped with horse-hair, ermine- 
trimmed, or otherwise decorated in 
symbolic colors and design. 

In the Sun Dance, a religious cere- 
mony now obsolete, the Sioux set up a 
rude cross, with the effigy of the eagle 
hanging from one arm and that of the 
buffalo from the other. The latter rep- 
resented the body, or material good, 
while the eagle stood for the spirit or 
higher part of man. 

The peace-pipe, eagle, buffalo and 
thunder ceremonies are among the old- 
est tribal rites known to America, and 
most of their significance is now lost to 
the world or told in a fragmentary way 
by irresponsible spectators, as the mas- 
ter of ceremonies or priest could never 
divulge the secrets of his office. The 
eagle itself is not worshipped, but the 
eagle spirit, and while the Indian 
knows this he can not give an explanation. 


While I was yet a very 
small boy, I saw the old 
eagle ceremony in Mon- 
tana about 1865, but even 
then I heard some of the 
old people say that it had 
been much modified, al- 
though they would not 
tell the original form. 
It was a solemn affair 
which could only b e 
undertaken at some 
grave crisis in the national 
life. In that year, the 
Sioux had begun to realize keenly the 
danger to themselves of the continued 
encroachments of the whites, and their 
eagle ceremony, held upon a lofty butte 
with impressive forms, was in its 
essence an act of worship and a prayer 
for guidance to the Great Mystery. 
The gestures of the officiating priest 
and the actions of the live eagle which 
he had trained to fly to him at call, 
were interpreted as signs to the assem- 
bled people. 

The Indian was wont to reverence 
God in terms of the dumb creation and 
of the elements, and I cannot but think 
that the American spirit has been nobly 
developed under the symbolic guidance 
of the eagle. I ask for the original and 
highest interpretation of our national 
emblem, as standing not for irresponsi- 
ble power backed with violence, but for 
clear vision and honorable service. 


By Louise Wilson Reynolds 

HE following- tax list is per- 
haps the oldest county tax 
assessment of the state in exist- 
ence. The original, like many 
court records of value to gene- 
alogists, has been carelessly 
misplaced or destroyed and is no longer 
accessible. With few exceptions the 
men whose names appear on the list 
were Revolutionary soldiers and 
patriots. It is impossible in these 
short notes to mention but a few of the 
early families. They may, however, be 
classed as those residing in Washing- 
ton County during the Revolutionary 
War, and those who emigrated to the 
settlements at the close of hostilities. 
Greene County, prior to 1783, was a 
part of Washington County. In 1783 
it contained within its boundaries much 
of the territory later subdivided into 
other counties of eastern and middle 
Tennessee, and western North Caro- 
lina. In 1783 there were no settlements 
between Knoxville and Nashville. In 
1785 Adam Meek had built his cabin 
farthest westward, but civilization had 
not reached the present Knox Co. border. 
The settlers of Greene County were 
known as the " Nollichucky Settlers." 
Many of them had settled on the 
" Brown purchase " — land bought from 

the Indians by Jacob Brown. Jacob 
Brown was a major in the Revolution. 
He was born in South Carolina, and 
died in Tennessee in 1785. Among his 
descendants w^as the late Governor 
Aaron Brown, of Tennessee. 

The Nollichucky settlers were famous 
as riflemen. A company under Cap- 
tain Robert Sevier ranged the frontier 
intimidating the Indians and tarring 
and feathering any Tory who ventured 
within the " settlements." Captain 
Sevier was killed at the Battle of 
Kings Mountain, and his sharpshooters 
were sent to help defend the frontier of 
South Carolina from Cornwallis. 

In answer to the often asked query, 
" Who fought at Kings Mountain? " it 
may be stated that every able-bodied 
man who was at that time in Washing- 
ton County, which included Greene 
County, accompanied the Kings Moun- 
tain expedition. The frontier was left 
defenseless except for the women and 
children. Colonel Sevier returning in 
haste to their aid, met and defeated the 
Indians at Boyd's Creek. 

Many of the Washington County 
men were regularly enlisted wdth the 
North Carolina Continental Line or 
w^ith the Virginia Militia ; many had 
participated in the Georgia Campaign, 



and had fought under Sumter and 
Marion in South CaroHna. Many of 
the younger men under Shelby and 
Sevier refused to return home after the 
victory of Kings Mountain, but joined 
General Greene, and were present at the 
" Surrender of Yorktown." Among 
the latter was Captain, later Colonel, 
Samuel Wear. The Wear family came 
from Bucks County, Pennsylvania. 
Samuel Wear was a border hero ; he 
is said to have killed six Indians sin- 
gle-handed on an expedition against 
the Chickamauga Indians. He moved 
from Greene County to Sevier County 
and was one of the first Tennessee 

About 1782 a number of families 
from Pennsylvania emigrated to Greene 
County. Among these were the Gal- 
breaths, Rankins, Magills, Delaneys, 
Wilsons, Moores and McClungs. These 
were mostly Presbyterian families, and 
were related by marriage. The men 
had served in the Pennsylvania Line, 
some of them in the " Ranging Com- 
panies," and had perhaps been with 
Christian on his expedition against the 
Cherokees in 1777. The late Colonel 
Roosevelt in his " Winning of the 
West " mistakes the route taken by 
this army ; the route lay near the pres- 
ent Greene and Cock Counties border. 

Early land grants are spoken of as 
" lying near the Christian Warpath." 
Among the families residing in this 
section were the Nelsons, Vances, 
Crosbys, Inmans, Casteels, Pates, Jones 
and Conways. 

The first pioneers in Greene County 
settled on Hollys Creek, Sinking 
Creek, and Stony Creek, and the Lime- 
stone Branch near the Washington 
County line. Among these w^ere the 

Gillespies, Crocketts (father and uncle 
of David Crockett), Henry Ernest, 
whose son, Felix, is said to have been 
standard-bearer at Kings Mountain, 
Francis Hughes, Nathan Davis, Ashael 
Rawlings and Colonel Daniel Kenedy, 
first clerk of the court, and Amos Byrd. 
son of the haughty aristocrat of " West- 
over " Manor in Virginia. 

In 1783 North Carolina by an Act of 
the Assembly ordered land to be sur- 
veyed in the unsettled portions of 
Greene County for the benefit of sol- 
diers who had served in the North 
Carolina Continental Line. Unfor- 
tunately there was no way to determine 
who received the subsequent grants 
for Revolutionary service. The so- 
called " Frontier Colonels," as termed 
by Colonel Roosevelt, seem to have 
been treated with generosity by North 
Carolina. James Hubbard, whose mur- 
der of the Cherokee Chief, " Old Corn- 
tassel," brought on an Indian war, 
received two thousand acres on the 
Tennessee River. General Nathaniel 
Greene, for whom the county was 
named, received twenty-five thousand 
acres. There is a tradition that he was 
making preparations to locate on this 
grant at the time of his death. Major 
David Wilson, for whom Wilson 
County was named, received two thou- 
sand acres on the Duck River. David 
Kerr, the crippled spy, who did such 
active service as a scout at Kings 
Mountain, received seventy thousand 
acres in the present White County. 

There was quite a sprinkling of 
Maryland families among the early set- 
tlers. The Howards Weltys, De Witts, 
Hills and Gists were from Maryland. 

Following the Revolution a number 
of men who served under Colonel 



Campbell in Washington County, Vir- 
ginia, moved into Greene County. 
Among the latter were Colonel Arthur 
Campbell, the Craigs, Blackburns, sons 
of William Blackburn, who was killed 
at Kings Mountain, and the Edmondstons. 

The Beards, Armstrongs, Francis 
Ramsay, Charles McClung, Meeks, 
and others on the tax list of 1783 were 
among this number, who shortly after- 
wards settled near White's Fort, the 
present city of Knoxville. 

Among the men whose descendants 
have attained prominence may be men- 
tioned Isaac Taylor, Henry Conway, 
John Crockett, Major Temple, Isaac 
Barton, Shadrack Inman and John 
McAdoo — sometimes spelled McAdou 
or McAdow. There were three early 
Inmans, Shadrack, Meshac and Abed- 
nego, sons, perhaps, of the heroic 
Shadrack Inman who sacrified his life 
in the ambush of Thickety Fort in 
North Carolina. 

John McAdoo and McAdoo, Junior, 
resided on a grant of ninety-five acres 
in Washington County. Later John 
McAdoo received a larger grant, prob- 
ably as payment for Revolutionary 
service, near Mossy Creek in the pres- 
ent county of Jefferson. 

Among the early North Carolina 
families were the Loves, Whites, Alex- 
anders, Balches and Vances. The Rev. 
Hezekiah Balch was one of the earliest 
and ablest ministers and educators. He 
was a graduate of Princeton and a 
signer of the Mecklenburg " Declara- 
tion of Independence." A daughter of 
Hezekiah Balch married Robert Wylie, 
a Revolutionary soldier, and one of the 
first merchants in the county. The in- 
ventory of his stock includes knee- 
buckles, snuff-boxes, pleasure chairs 
and raccoon skins. The personal estate 

brought eleven thousand dollars, which 
was quite a goodly sum at that date 
on the frontier. 

The earliest will on record is that of 
Robert Gamble. The executors were 
Major Temple and Samuel Bogle. The 
latter lived to be ninety years of age, 
and many of his reminiscences of early 
Tennessee history form the basis of 
narratives found in Ramsay's " Annals 
of Tennessee." 

Frederick De W^itt, Isaac Taylor, 
Thomas Love, James Galbraith, James 
Dinwiddle and Colonel Daniel Kenedy 
are some of the early deaths recorded. 

Among the first benedicts were 
Abner Lee, Samuel Edmondston, John 
Chestnut, Evan Jones, Archibald Alex- 
ander, W^illiam Wilson, Christopher 
Hoover, Nathaniel Hood, James McGee, 
William King, John Hinds, David 
Campbell, William Sidwell, Alexander 
Blackburn, Joseph St. John, Alexander 
Montgomery, John Gist, Mathew 
Sample and Thomas Temple. 

The Keykendall family was one of 
the earliest and most numerous. One 
brother fell at Kings Mountain, and the 
family of another, supposed to be 
Matthew of the tax-list, was extermi- 
nated by the Indians. The place the 
tragedy occurred is still pointed out by 
old citizens, and is known as " The 
Burnt Cabin Site." 

Still another massacre was that of 
the family of William Casteel. This is 
depicted in history as one of the most 
horrible in frontier annals. 

Many of the early families had one 
or more members to hold the lands 
still disputed but given by treaty to 
North Carolina. Colonel Daniel Kenedy 
had three sons killed by the Indians ; a 
fourth taken captive was adopted into 



the tribe, and married a Cherokee. 

The Woolseys, Dotsons, Ellis', Lyles, 
Carters, Randolphs and others came from 
the older counties of Virginia. The 
Burgners, Neeces, Gurtners (Gird- 
ners) and Smelcers are numbered 
among the Dutch families that are 
found early in Green County. 

The Rev. William McClung in his 
" History of the McClung Family," 
having traced Hugh McClung, one of 
the three brothers, from Ireland to 
Pennsylvania, and from Pennsylvania 
to Augusta County, Virginia, finds no 
trace of him there later than 1775. 
when, with Francis McClung, he makes 
conveyance of a tract of land at that 
date. The presumed widow of Francis 
in 1776 donates two horses to the 
American Army. Hugh McClung prob- 
ably returned to Pennsylvania, after 
having purchased land on the Borden 
Grant. His daughter was married to a 
neighbor of Mathew McClung in Lan- 
caster County, Pennsvlvania, in 1769. 

In 1782 Hugh McClung, accompanied 
by his nephew, Colonel Charles McClung, 
and his daughters and their husbands' 
people, came to Greene County, Ten- 
nessee. His deed for nine thousand 
acres of land lay on the Tennessee 
River below Knoxville. He never 
settled on this grant, but lived on a 
tract of land in the " Nollichucky Set- 
tlements." He died n 1789 leaving a 
legacy to his daughter Susan, and 
estate to his wife, Elisabeth, and son, 
John McClung. Francis, evidently 
another son, had died in Greene County 
in 1786, and John McClung was ex- 
ecutor of the estate. 

The author of the " McClung Family " 
sought for Hugh McClung among the 
records of Pennsylvania and Virginia. 
The object of his search lived and died 
in a neighboring county in Tennessee. 

It is hoped that the tax list of 178.^ 
will aid in locating other lost ancestors 
of this " Earlv Tennessee Frontier." 


Allison Robert 
Allison David 
Alexander James 
Alexander Joseph 
Alexander Ebinezer 
Anderson Daniel 
Anderson Barnibas 
Armstrong John 
Armstrong Langstell 
Atherton Charles 

Balch Hezekiah 
Ball John 
Ball William 
Ballard Isac 
Ballard Thomas 
Barham William 
Barnett Robert 
Barnett Thomas 
Barton Isac 
Barton Robert 

Basher John 
Beard Hugh 
Beard John 
Bearchett John 
Bennett Thomas 
Bennett William 
Biggs John 
Bigham William 
Billings William 
Bird Amos 
Bird John 
Bird Joseph 
Bishop John 
Bishop Mathew 
Blackwell David 
Blake Hezekiah 
Borden Michael 
Blackwell John 
Boy Elisabeth 
Box Henry 

Box Isac 
Box Israel 
Box Joseph 
Box Robert 
Boy Ezekial 
Boyd James 
Boyd Joseph 
Boyd William 
Boyd John 
Boydston William 
Brabson Andrew 
Brabson Susan 
Brandon Barnett 
Brandon Garrett 
Brandon Thomas 
Breed Avery 
Brock George 
Brown George 
Brown James 
Brown Thomas 



Brumley Augustine 
Brumley Barnabas 
Brumley Joseph 
Brumley Thomas 
Bryant Bryan 
Bryant John 
Bryant Thomas 
Bryson Hugh 
Buckingham Thomas 
Bull John 
Bullard Isac 
Bullard Joseph 
Burney William 
Burk James 
Buskin Jonathan 
By ram Benjamin 
Byram Ebenezer 
Byram William 

Cameron James 
Campliell Alexander 
Campbell David 
Campbell James 
Campbell John 
Campbell Robert 
Campbell William 
Cannon John 
Carlyle John 
Carson John 
Carson Robert 
Carter Abraham 
Carter John 
Carter Michael 
Casteel William 
Casteel John 
Casteel John Jr. 
Chamberlin Jane 
Chamberlin Stout 
Chambers John 
Christian Isham 
Cisco John 
Claggs William 
Clowers Jacob 
Colly James 
Colton John 
Condry Henry 
Conway Henry 
Conway Philip 
Corbitt John 
Cooper Jacob 
Cooper John 
Copeland David 
Cotter John 
Cotton Young 
Cowan Philip 
Cox Benjamin 
Cox Thomas 
Cox Ephraem 
Cox Mathew 
Crabtree James 

Craddick David 
Craig James 
Craig James Jr 
Craig David 
Craig John 
Cravan Robert 
Crawford John 
Creamer Daniel 
Crockett John 
Crockett Robert 
Cross Henry 
Crow James 
Crow John 
Crow Joseph 
Crowson William 
Crump Edmund 
Cunningham John 
Curtis Nathaniel 
Curtis Robert 

Davis Alexander 

Davis Nathan 

Davis James 

Davis John 

Davis Joseph 

Davis Nicholas Day 

Davis Philip 

Davis Robert 

Davis Samuel 

Davis Thomas 

Dawson William 

Delaney Francis 

Delaney James 

Delaney John 

Dillard James 

Dillon Peter 

Dixon Samuel 

Dotson Charles 

Dotson John 

Doty Azariah 
Doherty George 
Doherty Joseph 
Doherty James 
Dudley Abraham 
Duncan Cravan 
Dunham Henry 
Dunham Joseph 
Dunham Robert 
Dunn William 
Dunwoody Samuel 
Dunwoody Adam 
Dunwoody James 
Duval Thomas 

Eagleton David 
Eakin Joseph 
Edmunds John 
Eldridge Thomas 
English Andrew 
English James 

English Daniel 
English John 
English Joseph 
English William 
Epperson David 
Epperson Joseph 
Ernest Henry 
Evans Evan 
Evans Jonathan 
Eaton James 

Falls Thomas 
Fant John 
Fant Philip 
Farnsworth Henry 
Fincher Robert 
Fine Peter 
Fine John 
Fine Phillip 
Forby Henry 
Frame David 
Francis William 
Furman James 
Fuston Robert 

Galbrath Alexander 
Galbrath James 
Galbrath John 
Galbrath Joseph 
Galbrath William 
Gass John 
Gass Thomas 
Gibson Samuel 
Gilbert John 
Gilbert Richard 
Gillespie James 
Gillespie Thomas 
Gilliam Robert 
Gilliand John 
Gillis John 
Gist Thomas 
Gist Avery 
Gist Benjamin 
Gist John 
Glass Jacob 
Glass Joseph 
Glaze Lawrence 
Goforth William 
Godden Benjamin 
Gooden James 
Gooden Thomas 
Gorrell David 
Greene Jacob 
Griswell Daniel 
Gross Thomas 
Guthrie James 
Guthrie William 
Garrett David 
Garrett — 



Hardin Joseph 
Hardin John 
Hamihon Francis 
Hadden Elisha 
Hale Alexander 
Hale Shadrack 
Hale William 
Hall Alexander 
Hall Gailor 
Hamilton Isiah 
Hammond John 
Hardin William 
Hawkins Joseph 
Haynie Charles 
Haynie James 
Hays Charles 
Hays James 
Hays John 
Hays Joseph 
Hays Nathaniel 
Hays Naoma 
Hayworth Abraham 
Hayworth George 
Hayworth James 
Hemile Joseph 
Henderson Daniel 
Henderson John 
Henderson Joseph 
Henderson Thomas 
Henderson William 
Henkle Thomas 
Henry James 
Hermall Robert 
Hicks Jonathan 
Hightower Richard 
Hill James 
Hodges Drury 
Hodges William 
Holly Elisebeth 
Holly Johnahan 
Hood Robert 
Hopton John 
Hornback John 
Hough John 
Houston James 
Houston Samuel 
Howard Abraham 
Howard Richard 
Hubbard Samuel 
Hubbard James 
Hubbard William 
Hubbs Caleb 
Huffman Michael 
Hughes Andrew 
Hughes Edward 
Hughes John 
Hughes Francis 
Hunt Abraham 
Hunt Thomas 
Hutchins Smith 

Inman Shadrack 

Jamison Andrew 
Jamison Benjamin 
Jamison George 
Jarvis James 
Johnson James 
Johnson John 
Johnson Joseph 
Johnson William 
Jones Evan 
Jones Henry 
Jones William 

Keel James 
Keel Robert 
Kelly John 
Kelly Johnathan 
Kenedy Daniel 
Kenedy Francis 
Kenedy Moses 
Kenedy William 
Kerr Robert Sr 
Kerr Robert 
Kerr William 
Kesterson John 
Keykendall James 
Keykendall John 
Keykendall Joseph 
Keykendall Mathew 
Kilgore Charles 
King German 
King James 
King Joseph 
King Robert 
Kirkland Daniel 
Kirkwood David 
Kyler Joseph 

Lane Dutton 
Lane Isac 
Lawson Anthony 
Lee Abner 
Lee George 
Lee Thomas 
Leeper Andrew 
Leeper Mathew 
Leggett John 
Leming David 
Lovitt Elisha 
Lewis Uriah 
Lincoln Mary 
Lindsey David 
Lintz Alexander 
Livingston Robert 
Lonas James 
Lonas Joseph 
Long Zopher 
Loony Richard 
Lovelady James 
Lovelady John 

Lovelady Marshall 
Lusk Joseph 
L.yle James 

McAdoo John 
McAdoo John Jr 
McAlpin Alexander 
McBroom William 
xMcCall Robert 
McCartney Charles 
McCartney John 
McCartney James 
McCartney James 
McCartney William 
McClung Hugh 
McClung John 
McClung James 
McClure Nathan 
McConnell Jacob 
McCool Gabrael 
McCouglan Alexander 
McCrosky John 
McCurdy John 
McCurdy Andrew 
McCurdy Archibold 
McDowell Ephraem 
McFarland Alexander 
McF'errin Andrew 
McFerrin James 
McGaughey William 
McGhee Terrell 
McGill James 
AIcGill Robert 
McGill Robert 
McGuire Cornelius 
McGuire Francis 
-McGuire Francis Jr 
McKeehan Samuel 
McMeans Samuel 
McAIurry William 
McMurray Samuel 
McNew Shadrack 
McPherron James 
McPheters Joseph 
McPike William 
AlcWilliams David 
Martin Andrew- 
Martin George 
Martin Richard 
Mathew Phillip 
Mathews Joel 
Mathews Obediah 
Mathews Peter 
Mathews William 
Mays Samuel 
Mays Thomas 
Meek Israel 
Meek Adam 
Middleton John 
Milburn Joseph 



Miller Andrew 
Millican Alexander 
Millican James 
Mitchell Andrew 
Mitchell Andrew 
Mitchell David 
Montgomery Alexander 
Montgomery James 
Montgomery Thomas 
Mooney George 
Moore Anthony 
Moore Hugh 
Moore James 
Moore John 
Moore ]\Ioses 
Moore Mary 
Moore Robert 
Moore Samuel 
Moore William 
Morgan Adonijah 
Morgan Levi 
Morgan Thomas 
Morris Gideon 
Morris John 
Morris Shadrack 
Morrison Patrick 
Morrow William 
Mulholland William 
Murphy John 
Murphy William 

Neas Peter 
Neil Mathew 
Neil Nicholas 
Neil Walter 
Nelson James 
Nelson Joseph 
Nelson William 
Nelson William 
Newby James 
Newby Joseph 
Newman John 

Oliphant John 
O Neal Bartholomev/ 
O Neal Cornelius 
O Neal Robert 
O Neal William 
Oren David 
Oren Thomas 
Orphan Thomas 
Owens John 
Owens William 

Painter Adam 
Parker William 
Parks James 
Parker William 
Paris Robert 

Parton Samuel 
Pate Mathew 
Patterson James 
Patterson John 
Pennington Absalom 
Perciful Thomas 
Perkins James 
Perkins Joseph 
Phillips Thomas 
Posey Abraham 
Pickens James 
Pierce James 
Piper Martha 
Poor Moses 
Posey Abraham 
Prather Alexander 
Prather Thomas 
Prewitt David 
Prewitt Martin 
Prewitt William 
Price John 
Pryor John 
Pryor Richard 
Perciful Thomas 

Rankin David 
Rankin Thomas 
Rankin William 
Rawlings Ashahel 
Ray Benjamin 
Ray William 
Reece John 
Reece Abraham 
Reece John 
Reed David 
Reed George 
Reed John 
Ray Thomas 
Reed Michael 
Renfro Samuel 
Reynolds David 
Reynolds Henry 
Reynolds Job 
Reynolds William 
Richison Abel 
Richison James 
Richison John 
Richison William 
Richey Gideon 
Richey Thomas 
Ricker John 
Riggs Edward 
Riggs Jenny 
Riggs Reuben 
Right James (Wright) 
Rightsell George 
Ringo Cornelius 
Ripper Hardy 
Roberts Barnard 
Roberts Edward 
Roberts John 

Roberts Jonathan 
Rodgers James 
Roberts Samuel 
Robertson Charles 
Robertson Francis 
Robertson James 
Ross John 
Rowan Charles 
Rowan Francis 
Rudder James 
Running Isac 
Russell David 
Russell Thomas 
Russell John 
Rutherford Thomas 
Ryan William 

Samples Sanmel 
Sampson Anthony 
Serratt Joseph 
Serratt Elisha 
Scott Adam 
Seaton Isiah 
Seaton Jacob 
Sellers Sebert 
Sheffy John 
Shelly Luke 
Sherrell Adam 
Sherrell John 
Sherrell Phillip 
Sherrell Samuel 
Sherrell Samuel Jr 
Shores Alexander 
Simpson Andrew 
Simpson James 
Simpson Mary 
Simpson Reuben 
Sloan John 
Smiley Jacob 
Smith Alexander 
Smith Francis 
Smith John 
Smith Thomas 
Smith Turner 
Stanfield Thomas 
Starnes Adam 
Starnes James 
Steel James 
Steel Richard 
Steel Robert 
Stephenson John 
Stewart Benjamin 
Stewart Robert 
Stockton William 
Stone John 
Stone William 
Stuart Benjamin 
Stuart James 
Stuart Joseph 
Swaggerty Abraham 
Swaggerty Frederick 



Tadlock Jeremiah 

Tadlock John 

Tadlock Josiah 

Tadlock Mathias 

Tadlock Thomas 

Tate Thomas 

Taj'lor Isac 

Temple James 

Temple Major 

Temple John 

Temple William 

Thomas Andrew 

Thompson William 

Tidence Emanuel 

Toby Henry 

Tony Zopher 

Tool John 

Totten John 

Trimble John 

Trimble Moses Tye John 

Vance Samuel 
Vance John 

Vanhooser John 
Veatch Amos 
Veatch Elijah 
Veatch Josiah 
Veatch Jeremiah 
Veatch Nathan 

Walker Joseph 
Wallace Samuel 
Ward James 
Wear Samuel 
Wear John 
Wear Hugh 
Webb George 
Webb Richard 
Wells Henry 
Wells Thomas 
Welty John 
West Thomas 
Whittenburg Frederick 
Whittenburg Henry 
Whittenburg James 
Whitson Henry 

Wilhoit Adam 
Williams James 
Williams John 
Williams Joseph 
Williams Thomas 
Williamson William 
Willis Joseph 
Willson Alexander 
Wilson Ephraem 
Wilson James 
Willson John 
Wilson Joseph 
Wilson Robert 
Wilson William 
Winningham John 
Wood John 
Woodward John 
Woods Richard 
Woolsey John 
Wright James 
Wyatt Samuel 
Wyatt William 


Joseph Habersham Historical Collections. 
Volumes i and ii, published in 1901 and 
1902. Contents: Unpublished list of sol- 
diers, list of emigrants, marriage bonds, 
death notices, all kinds of court records, 
family sketches and valuable genealogies ; 
all original documents. Only a few on hand. 
Vol. i, price, $5.00, vol. ii, price, $5.50. 
Volume iii. Contents : All marriages, 
wills, deeds, etc., in eighteen Georgia coun- 
ties organized before 1796; also Logan's 
Manuscript History of UpperCarolina,con- 
taining hundreds of names. Price, $5.00. 
These three volumes of historical collections 
have been found invaluable with reference to 
Southern families, descendants of the early 
settlers of Virginia, the Carohnas and Georgia. 
They are a necessary addition to any reference 
library and are of great value to all interested 
in genealogical research. 

The Book of Lincoln. Compiled by Mary 
Wright-Davis. Published by George H. 
Doran Company, New York. $2.50. 

No figure in American history has loomed 
up in such majestic proportions since the day 
the war began as that of Abraham Lincoln. 
Lincoln's vision, his philosophy, his attitude 
toward war and the means of securing a just 
peace, have been on the lips of British, French, 
and American statesmen from month to month 
during the last five years. 

Mrs. Davis has brought together in this vol- 
ume the tributes of the world to Lincoln, and 
in a very real sense the picture of him that 
grows out of this volume is a world picture, 
international in its authorship and immortal in 
its truth. The book contains the most com- 
plete collection of poetic tributes to Lincoln, 
and is illustrated from photographs. 




In this Honor Roll the approximate Hst of membership in each State is shown 
in the outer rim, and the list of subscribers according to States is in the inner circle 


The Magazine also has subscribers in 


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leads all States with 1076 subscribers 





By Major Fred J. Wood, U. S. Corps of Engineers 

Member New England Historic-Genealogical Society, American 
Soc'ety of Civil Engineers, Sons of the American Revolution 

ALL Massachusetts turnpike 
companies were required to 
report the cost of construction, 
earnings and expenses of their 
roads to the secretary of state, 
and although few complied 
with the order we have enough 
records to show that the amount 
of money invested in toll roads 

was exceedingly large. 

Considering only the corporations 

whose bridges were not the heavier 

* This series commenced in the January, 
1919, Magazine. 

part of the cost we find that thirty-two 
companies, owning five hundred ninety- 
three and one-half miles of roads, re- 
ported their investments as a total of 
$1,230,823. We have outside informa- 
tion that three others expended $578,- 
200. Taking the companies which failed 
to report their first costs and placing an 
estimate on each according to the return 
for a similar road we find it probable 
that $570,977 more was invested, mak- 
ing a total for Massachusetts of $2,380,- 
000. As the population of the entire 
state in 1830, when turnpikes were at 






their prime, was 610,408 it is seen that 
the turnpike investment was in the 
proportion of about $3.90 per capita. 
When it is considered that this invest- 
ment provided only the road, with a 
few gates and toll houses wdiich sel- 
dom cost a thousand dollars a piece, 
and that the rolling stock and motive 
equipment was a further matter for 
individual investment, it is seen that 
the per capita amount tied up in the 
turnpike utilities did not compare 
poorly with the later capital placed in 
railroads, a comment which applies 
equally to all other states. 

Commencing with the first road in 
Massachusetts in 1796 each and every 
one was a financial disappointment, a 
fact well knowai at the time and yet 
more roads were built as the years 
passed on. . It can be conceived that 
propositions to connect such cities as 
Boston and Providence, Worcester, 
Hartford, Salem and Newbury port may 
have seemed to stand in a separate class 
and to hold hopes of remunerative busi- 
ness, but what encouragement could have 
been seen for roads in the rural 
districts connecting the small towns? 
The conclusion is forced upon us that 
the larger part of the turnpikes were 
built in the hope of benefiting the 
towns and the local business done in 
them. Such benefits accrued in large 
measure and much of the prosperity 
which encouraged the railroads was 
hastened by the often misjudged and 
hated toll roads. 

Would it not be fitting to seek out 
the location of the old turnpikes and 
record by suitable inscriptions their 
old corporate names? 

The turnpikes of Massachusetts may 
be divided into two groups, the first, 
and by far the larger, including the 

roads leading directly to Boston ; and 
the second, found in the southwest cor- 
ner of the state, comprising the roads 
Avhich connected Springfield and Hart- 
ford with Albany and nearby Hudson 
River towns. Only two roads fail to 
lend themselves to this grouping; one 
which crossed the town of Douglass 
and Sutton on the way from Oxford to 
Providence, and another which led 
directly south from Athol on the short- 
est line to Norwich. 

The first Massachusetts turnpike 
was incorporated in 1796 and was de- 
signed to improve the route between 
Boston and New York. It was the 
early custom to designate the com- 
panies like regiments going to war and 
hence the first company was entitled 
" The First Massachusetts Turnpike 
Corporation," and with two omissions, 
we had the " Second ; Third," etc., up 
to the " Sixteenth " after which more 
distinctive names were adopted. 

Through travellers between Boston 
and New York, at the close of the Rev- 
olution, had their choice of three routes, 
one along the shore of Long Island 
Sound, the " Middle " following a more 
nearly direct line, and the " Northern 
Route " through Worcester and Spring- 
field. It is interesting to note that each 
of these routes was in turn improved 
by turnpike corporations and later suc- 
ceeded by important railroad lines. 
The " Northern Route " led through 
Palmer, Western (now Warren) and 
Wilbraham and was described by the 
petitioners for a turnpike charter as 
" circuitous, rocky and mountainous, 
and there is much travelling over the 
same," and they further averred that 
" the expense of straightening, mak- 
ing, and repairing an highway through 
those towns, so that the same may be 



safe and convenient for travellers with 
horses and carriages, would be much 
greater than ought to be required of 
the said towns under their present 

The foregoing is an accurate sum- 
mary of the conditions from which the 
turnpikes grew : the roads were bad 
and the towns too poor to repair them, 
hence the necessary work was done by 
private capital. 

According to Temple's " History of 
Palmer," the " First " turnpike passed 
" through Palmer Old Centre, and kept 
on the northerly side of the river east- 
ward ; and was the leading thorough- 
fare for long travel between Boston. 
Worcester, Springfield, Hartford, New 
Haven and New York for many years." 

In 1800 Thomas D wight, one of the 
incorporators, wrote that the financial 
expectations had not been realized and 
in 1819 the company secured a release 
from a portion of its obligations. How 
long tolls were collected over the 
remainder of the road the author has 
been unable to learn. 

An interesting series of turnpikes 
was that which anticipated the present 
Fitchburg Division and Hoosac Tunnel 
Route of the Boston and Maine Rail- 
road. A toll bridge known as the 
" West Boston Bridge " extended from 
Boston to Cambridge where now the 
cars of the Cambridge Subway get 
their only glimpse of daylight, and 
from its westerly end the Cambridge 
and Concord Turnpike extended to 
Concord. There the burden was assumed 
by the Union Turnpike over which the 
traveller pursued his way as far as 
Leominster. From Leominster to 
Greenfield toll was paid to the " Fifth 
Massachusetts Turnpike Corporation " 
which built and operated more miles of 

road than any other Massachusetts 
company. The region between Green- 
field and Charlemont was allotted to 
the " Fourteenth Massachusetts " which 
undertook to build about twenty-four 
miles of road but contented itself wnth 
the six between Greenfield and Shel- 
burne. Over the mountain now pierced 
by the Hoosac Tunnel, the " Second 
Massachusetts " Avound its way and 
westerly from North Adams to the 
New York line was the territory of the 
Williamstown Turnpike; 

The W^est Boston Bridge was built 
about 1792 and received tolls until 1858. 
Its history is noteworthy from the 
efforts of a suiTering public to rid itself 
of the burden of toll paying. The 
municipalities being unable to pur- 
chase the bridge, a number of citizens 
organized a " Free Bridge Company," 
bought the bridge, and for many years 
sought to reach a satisfactory mean at 
which they could sell, and the towns 
purchase, their holdings, finally paying 
a substantial cash sum to get out of 
their embarrassment. 

The Cambridge and Concord Turn- 
pike was the origin of the present Cam- 
bridge streets known as Broadway and 
Concord Avenue. The latter street is 
extended in a remarkably straight line 
through Belmont, Waltham and Lex- 
ington, to Concord with a detour in 
Belmont which w^as built after the 
direct route over Wellington Hill was 
found too steep for travel. The com- 
pany Avas incorporated in 1803 and had 
its road west of Cambridge Common 
completed in 1806, but the extension to 
West Boston Bridge was some years 
longer in construction. No tolls were 
allowed on that section so it is not sur- 
prising that courage to build was lacking. 

One idea obsessed the minds of all 



turnpike promoters and that was to 
build in as straight a Hne as possible 
regardless of grades or communities 
along the way. The Cambridge and 
Concord sutfered more from this delu- 
sion than any other that has been noted. 
In three places the direct line was car- 
ried over hills so steep that relocation 
of the road was necessary to permit 
horses to pull their loads, and the vil- 
lage of Lexington, a centering point 
for much travel from New Hampshire, 
was left but two miles to the north. 
In another place several weeks' work 
across a treacherous swamp disap- 
peared in a single night causing the 
insertion of a humorous " Lost " ad- 
vertisement in the next issue of a local 
paper. The road became free in 1829. 
The Union Turnpike was incorpo- 
rated in 1804 and the road was com- 

pleted in 1808. It commenced at the 
corner of Elm and Main Streets in Con- 
cord and followed Elm Street, along the 
northerly wall of the reformatory, and 
straight through Harvard Village to 
the Nashua River which it crossed on 
a bridge of which all trace has long 
since disappeared. Then passing the 
Lancaster^ almshouse it continued 
straight to Leominster where it joined 
the road of the " Eifth Massachusetts." 
In 1818 the Nashua River overflowed 
in a serious freshet and washed away 
nearly all its bridges. The turnpike 
bridge went with the others and the 
company, having had very poor suc- 
cess, was unequal to the task of replac- 
ing it. When the county completed a 
new bridge but a mile further up stream 
the corporation secured an amendment 
to its charter bv which it was allowed 



mi I II 1^ 

Courtesy of the United States National Museum 

to abandon a portion of its road and 
build sections to connect with the new 

The section of the original turnpike 
which was thus cut out measured about 
two and one-half miles and extended 
from the corner of the roads a mile 
west of Harvard village, to the corner 
of the roads at the Lancaster alms- 
house. Of this section only about a 
half mile exists to-day as a public road. 
But the old turnpike, abandoned ninety- 
nine years ago, can still be traced by an 
observant investigator down the slope 
of Prospect Hill, across the broad val- 
ley of the Nashua through the military 
reservation of Camp Devens, and up 
the hill on the westerly side. 

The Union as a whole was well laid 
out but it suffered from its connection 
with the Cambridge and Concord 
whose grades were notorious. The 
two turnpikes were not really needed 
for through travel as excellent public 
roads had long existed through Stow 
and Sudbury to Boston, and most trav- 
ellers continued to go that way. So the 
Union also gave up its rights and had 
its road made free in 1829. 

The Fifth Massachusetts Turnpike 

was projected in Greenfield which had 
previously been accessible only by way 
of the Connecticut River, and the con- 
struction of the road opened a direct 
line to the eastern part of the state. 
Starting in Greenfield the road had its 
western terminus at the tavern of Cal- 
vin Munn which stood on the site of 
the Mansion House of to-day. Thence 
it followed Highland Avenue by High- 
land Park to Montague City Bridge 
and passed south of Turners Falls to 
Millers Falls where it crossed the Mil- 
lers River and followed along its north- 
erly bank substantially on the line of 
the present state highway to Fitch- 
burg, and thence to Leominster. This 
company was incorporated in 1799 and 
the road became free in 1832. 

The road of the Fourteenth Massa- 
chusetts extended from the end of tlie 
Fifth in Greenfield, westwardly over 
Main Street to Punch Brook. Then in 
a little less than three miles the old 
turnpike climbed seven hundred feet, 
by a devious course, bristling with 
overhanging rocks, and plunging deeply 
through ledge cuts. After much solici- 
tation by the local people this road was 
rebuilt as a state highway about 1910. 

After the opening, by the Massachu- 
setts Highway Commission, of the 
Mohawk Trail a rush by enthusiastic 
motor tourists began and the trip soon 
became one of the most popular in the 
state. As of old the route from the 
west led over the line of the old Four- 
teenth Massachusetts and those bound 
for the Mohawk Trail found themselves 
obliged to climb the steep grades over 
Shelburne Mountain. As some of these 
grades ran as steep as eleven per cent, 
and severely taxed the power of all 
makes of automobiles much complaint 
of that route was heard so that the 



commission's engineers began, in 1916, 
the survey for a new road which, by 
passing a longer distance on the north- 
erly side, would reduce the grades to a 
maximum of six per cent. 

As already stated a gap in the turn- 
pike series existed from Shelburne, where 
the Fourteenth gave up the struggle, 
to the western edge of Charlemont 
where the Second beg'an. This was due 
to the inability of the Fourteenth to 
raise the money needed for the heavy 
work over the rough country. Had 
they abandoned the straight line idea 
and followed down the Connecticut 
and up the Deerfield Rivers a much 
better road could have been built and 
enough cheaper to justify building the 
whole length. 

The Second Massachusetts Turn- 
pike was a notable piece of construc- 
tion, following, as it did, closely on the 
route later taken by the Hoosac Tun- 
nel but many hundreds of feet higher. 
This route over Hoosac, or 
Florida Mountain followed 
approximately the line of the 
o 1 d Mohawk Trail, over 
which those dusky warriors 
proceeded in 1664 on their 
terrifying raid which r e - 
suited in the extermination 
of the Pocumtuck tribe, 
which lived in the Connecticut valley. 
In 1914 the Massachusetts Highway 
Commission completed the construc- 
tion of a state highway over nearly 
the same line and the route originally 
blazed in savage vengeance and hatred, 
has now become one of the most popu- 
lar and beautiful roads of the country. 
At the highest point, where the road 
crosses the backbone of the old Bay 
State, and for two miles easterly from 
it, the new state highway is on the line 

of the old Second Massachusetts Turn- 
pike. The Second enjoyed corporate 
life from 1797 to 1833. Its westerly 
end was in North Adams and there the 
Williamstown took the duty. 

The Williamstown Turnpike Cor- 
poration was formed between the Third 
and the Fifth but evidently declined to 
be known as the Fourth and a break is 
seen in the sequence of numbers 

This turnpike connected at the New 
York line with the Eastern Turnpike of 
that state but it does not seem that the 
combination invited much stage travel. 
The Boston to Albany stages came as 
far as Williamstown Centre but turned 
southerly there and ran the length of 
the town of Hancock before turning to 
the west again. 

The Salem and the Newburyport 
Turnpikes are too 
well known to call 
for extensive 
comment but 
an explana- 
tion of the 
ness of the 
is found 

Courtesy of the Uni 





Courtesy of Walter S. Wood 


in the charter which required it to 
be built " as nearly in a straight 
line as practicable " from the head 
of State Street in Newburyport to 
Chelsea Bridge. It was built south- 
erly as far as Cliftondale on such a 
line, but a deflection occurred there as 
permission had been obtained to termi- 
nate at Maiden Bridge instead of 
Chelsea. Previous to the opening of 
the turnpike travellers were obliged to 
leave Portsmouth at half past two in 
the morning if 
they wanted 
to see Boston 
the same day, 
but with turn- 
pike improve- 
ment the time 
was much re- 
duced. The 
was doomed 
from the start 

Photo by Handy. Washington 

Courtesy of the United States 



by its disregard of hills and it never 
paid more than a small percentage on 
the investment. 

The Salem Turnpike came nearer to 
being a financial success than any other 
in Massachusetts, but success in this 
case must be limited to the earnings 
for several years, as the total invest- 
ment was ultimately lost. From the be- 
ginning until the advent of the Eastern 
Railroad the turnpike paid annual divi- 
dends averaging between 5 and 6 per 
cent. The road 
extended from 
City Square in 
along the 
Navy Yard, 
through Chel- 
s e a , Revere 
and Lynn, ter- 
minating at the 
end of High- 
land Avenue 
in Salem. 

National Museum 




June 1, 1813, was the day on which 
this turnpike did the greatest day's 
business in its history. This was the 
day of the famous sea fight between 
the Chesapeake and Shannon ofif Salem 
Bay, and one hundred and twenty stages 
passed over the turnpike that day filled 
with passengers eager to witness the 
combat from the commanding hill tops 
of Salem. 

Salemites of years ago used to tell 
gleefully of one of their number who, 
journeyii g homewards late one stormy 
winter evening along the turnpike, was 
suddenly confronted by a burly figure 
with arm extended threateningly. 
Anticipating the highwayman's demand 
the traveller hastily threw his w^atch 
and purse at the feet of his antagonist 
and fled. Returning next day with re- 
inforcements his valuables were found 
in the horse trough at the foot of the 
pump which still stood there with arm 
extended threateningly. 

The most important turnpike in Mas- 
sachusetts was the Norfolk and Bris- 
tol by which name the road to Providence 
was called. Originally it was built 
from Dedham Court House to Paw- 
tucket Bridge which then touched 
Massachusetts at its easterly end. This 
road, too, was laid out too straight 
and throughout its operation suf- 
fered from competition with the 
old road through Walpole Cen 
tre, Wrentham and Plainville. 
An extension was allowed by 
which the road was 
built from Ded- 
ham into 

Roxbury as far as the present corner 
of Washington and Bartlett Streets. 
Except for a short section in Dedham 
the turnpike is known to-day as Wash- 
ington Street to the Rhode Island line 
beyond which it is called Broadway. 
In Dedham the line of the turnpike did 
not follow the present Washington 
Street throughout, but left it at 
Memorial Square and followed High 
and Court Streets into Washington 
again. The old road to-day passes 
through Forest Hills, Dedham, Nor- 
wood, East and South Walpole and 
North Attleborough. It is easily identi- 
fied on the map by its straight course. 
At South W'alpole stood two famous 
old taverns which enjoyed a wide repu- 
tation for the dinners they served. 
Polly's on one side and Dolly's on the 
other vied with each other so fiercely 
that arbitration became necessary and 
it was finally arranged that all trav- 
ellers should stop at the tavern on the 
gave all 
the south- 

Photo by Handy, Washington 

Courtesy of the United States National Museum 





bound patronage to Polly and the north- 
bound to Dolly. 

Much of the road to-day is an impor- 
tant busy thoroughfare but the portion 
between South Walpole and North 
Attleborough is an almost forgotten 
path through the woods. 

Down in Foxborough, near the Wren- 
tham line, the old turnpike intersected 
the ancient " Cape Road," which led 
from Wrentham and points beyond 
through Foxborough village and on to 
Plymouth and Cape Cod. The crossing 
occurred at the summit of a high hill 
known since early days as " Shack- 
stand Hill," and this location on two 
important lines of travel logically deter- 
mined the site of the old Shackstand 
Tavern, which under the famous manage- 
ment of " Pennyroyal " Cobb flourished 
through the turnpike days. About a 
mile southwest the turnpike curved 
slightly at the summit of " Turner 
Hill " and the traveller was thrilled by 
the sight of the long straight stretch 
of road, dipping into the valley and 
then rising over successive hills until 
it finally disappeared over the horizon. 

But one traveller back in the early 
days before railroads had simplified the 
transportation problem, felt no thrills 
over the inspiring scene, for he was 
driving a jaded team, hauling a heavy 
load over the soft road and through the 
mud of early spring. Ephraim Jewett 
held the contract to haul from Provi- 
dence to Boston, a newly coined issue 
of silver dollars, packed in kegs, con- 
signed from the United States Mint to 
various banks in Boston, and he had 
struggled with his duty and urged his 
weary horses for many miles until, late 
in the evening, tired horse flesh could 
do no more, and the valuable cargo 
came to a stop on the steep grade of 

" Turner Hill." " oozy " and deep with 
mud from the spring thaw. Despite 
the desperate efforts of the driver who 
thus found himself stalled at night in a 
lonely part of the road, the horses were 
unable to advance so much as another 
inch and finally in despair Ephraim be- 
took himself and the horses to the 
" comfort for man and beast " offered 
by the Shackstand Tavern. 

No worry oppressed his sleep and he 
arose the next morning sufficiently re- 
freshed to extricate his wagon and 
resume his journey, with the cargo un- 
diminished by thieving hands. 

The opening of the Boston and Provi- 
dence Railroad in June, 1835, proved 
the death blow of the turnpike. In 
1843 the corporation abandoned all of 
the road south of Dedham and the bal- 
ance was given up in 1857. 

Important as this road w^as and great 
as was the business over it it never 
proved a very profitable investment, less 
than two per cent, per annum being 
averaged for dividends during the 
height of its season. 

The earlier road required ten hours 
of the stages which passed from Bos- 
ton to Providence. On the turnpike 
the record time was probably about 
four hours and fifty minutes, which to 
the editor of the Providence Gazette 
seemed fast enough for he recommended 
anyone desiring faster transportation 
to " send to Kentucky for a streak of 
greased lightning." 

Another notable turnpike was the Wor- 
cester which was built in 1806-1807 
and which continued to yield toll until 
1841. This road extended from the 
present Dudley Street Station of the 
Boston Elevated Railway through 
Brookline \Tllage. Newton Upper Falls. 
to the narrow part of Lake Cochituate, 






thence through Framingham and in a 
direct Hne to the narrowest part of 
Lake Quinsigamond, and thence to the 
court house in Worcester. 

The portion between Dudley Street 
Station and BrookHne Village was an 
ancient highway having been formally 
laid out as a public road in 1662, but 
nevertheless the corporation was al- 
lowed to take it as a part of the turn- 
pike and to collect tolls on it. It was 
ever a burden to the company as well 
as a source of public irritation, but not 
until the opening of BrookHne Avenue 
by the Boston and Roxbury Mill Cor- 
poration in 1826 was the corporation 
released from its obligations thereon. 

Unlike the Norfolk and Bristol the 
Worcester gave up the struggle four 
and a half years before the advent of 
the competing railroad, but not until 

1841 did it secure a complete release 
from all portions of its obligations. 

In all one hundred and eight corpora- 
tions were formed in Massachusetts to 
build turnpikes of which sixty realized 
their ambitions. It is, of course, im- 
possible to mention them all in the brief 
space of this article, but it is hoped 
that enough has been shown to call 
attention to the value of those old 
utilities, to the danger of their being 
completely forgotten, and to the desira- 
bility of perpetuating their records. 

Although some form of wagon or 
cart was in use in very early days no 
marked improvement in its form or 
construction was effected until the day 
of the turnpike, when a greater demand 
for wheeled conveyances arose. 

The earliest form of vehicle of which 
we have evidence is the sledge which 




is pictured in ancient Egyptian paint- 
ing found in the Temple of Luxor in 
Thebes. As practically no region 
possessed any roads, it was only in 
countries of flat wastes and level plains 
that wheels could be used, but such as 
were in use to the end of Roman rule 
were almost entirely confined to war 

Of unknown antiquity was the 
" travos " of the American Indian, a 
form of vehicle which followed the trails 
from which the turnpikes grew. Stages 
first appeared on English roads about 
1640 but their use increased very slowly 
until 1734 by which time England was 
pretty well supplied with such utilities. 
Sir Walter Scott has given us a descrip- 
tion of those stages which justifies our 
assertion that no marked improvement 
was made in wheeled vehicles until the 

days of the turnpikes, which in Eng- 
land commenced about 1760. 

" The vehicles themselves varied in 
shape. Sometimes they were like a dis- 
tiller's vat; sometimes flattened and 
being equally balanced between the im- 
mense front and back springs ; in other 
instances they resembled a violoncello 

In the United States the hard times 
which followed the Revolution made 
simplicity a virtue and the luxury of a 
carriage was not suited to the demo- 
cratic habits which then prevailed. All 
parts of the largest towns were within 
walking distance of each other and 
there was but little occasion to visit 
neighboring places. Down to 1800 
practically all the travelling was done 
on horseback. But as the country grew 
prosperous a demand arose for vehicles 



for business, pleasvire and travel, and 
ere long the turnpikes were dotted with 
the great white tops of the Conestoga 
wagons among which rapidly alter- 
nated the swift stage coaches, while 
the doctor in his " one horse chaise " 
was met in every town. 

The chaise was early in great demand 
and until 1840 it seemed that nothing 
could ever 
supplant i t 
i n popular 
favor. The 
forms had 
enormou s 1 y 
high wheels 
and the tops 
were stationary, 
being supported 

Curtains of 

painted canvas or 

leather covered 

the sides and 

back, and the 

vehicle was often 

unprovided with 

dasher or apron. In later years they 

were provided with folding tops which, 

with the dasher and cushioned seats, 

made it a carriage of luxury. 

The splendid Conestoga wagons were 
developed in Pennsylvania by topo- 
graphical conditions, by the soft soil, 
by trade requirements, and by native 
wit. They were the highest type of a 
commodious freight carrier by horse 
power that this, or any other country, 
has ever known. They were known as 
Conestoga wagons from the vicinity 
in which they were first in common 
use, we are told bv Alice Morse Earle 

in " Stage Coach and Tavern Days." 
These wagons had a boat-shaped 
body with curved bottom which fitted 
them specially for mountain use, for in 
them freight remained firmly in place 
at wdiatever angle the body might be. 
The wheels had tires often a foot broad. 
The wagon bodies were arched over 
with six or eight bows of which the 

Courtesy of the United States National Museum 



middle ones were the lowest, and these 
were covered with a strong, pure white, 
hempen cover, corded dowai strongly 
at the sides and ends. These wagons 
could be loaded up to the top of the 
bows which was the object attained by 
having them high at the ends. Four 
to six tons was the usual load for such 
a vehicle. These w^ere the freight cars 
of the first half of the nineteenth cen- 
tury and in them was carried all the 
land borne freight of pre-railroad days. 
That stages down to 1800 had few 
modern comforts and had advanced but 
little from primitive forms we learn from 



Thomas Twining who thus described 
the vehicle in which he came from 
Philadelphia to Baltimore in 1795: 

" The vehicle was a long car with 
four benches. Three of these in the 
interior held nine passengers and a 
tenth passenger was seated by the side 
of the driver on the front bench. A 
light roof w^as supported by eight 
slender pillars, four on each side. Three 
large leather curtains suspended to the 
roof, one at each side and one behind, 
were rolled up or lowered at the pleas- 
ure of the passengers. There was no 
s^ace nor place for luggage, each per- 
son being expected to stow his things 
as he could under his seat or legs. The 
entrance was in front over the driver's 
bench. Of course, the three passengers 
on the back seat were obliged to crawl 
across all the other benches to get to 
their places. There w^ere no backs to 
the bench to support and relieve us 
during a rough and fatiguing journey 
over a newly and ill-made road." 

Early in the turnpike era such i)rimi- 
tive coaches were superseded by the 
egg-shaped coach which is the form 
commonly pictured on the old stage 
coach bills. In this type the body was 
hung in leather braces high above the 
wheels in order to clear the connection 
between the front and rear axles. The 
base of the body and roof curved sym- 
metrically forming an oval from which 
the resemblance to an egg was fancied, 
while the boot for luggage on the rear 

was enclosed by curtains which made 
a tangent to the roof curve and fell 
behind the rear wheels. Such were the 
stages during the teens and twenties 
of the nineteenth centur}'. With the 
easy entrance and exit by means of a 
side door, the easy motion due to the 
leather hangers, and the three large 
windows by which the entire upper 
half of the side was open to daylight, 
such a vehicle must have seemed the 
climax of luxurious travelling. 

The well-known Concord coach was 
introduced about 1828 by Lewis Down- 
ing who. about fifteen years earlier, had 
founded the now well-known house of 
Abbott Downing Company in Concord, 
N. H. It seems as if the full measure 
of success was attained in the original 
design of these coaches for hardly an im- 
provement has been made in them since 
their first appearance, and those in use to- 
day are practically built on the same 
lines as were those of ninety years ago. 

The Concord coach at once leaped 
into popularity l)Oth on account of its 
excellence in workmanship and from 
its ease in riding, and wherever such 
vehicles are needed to-day may be 
found still in service. They are too well 
known to need describing. In build- 
ing our first railroad cars nothing bet- 
ter was thought of so Concord coach 
bodies, on railway trucks, follow-ed the 
first locomotive over the Mohawk and 
Hudson Railroad in 1831. 

(7^0 be continued) 


Made by Saint Memin in 1796-1810 

By Natalie Sumner Lincoln 

HE profile engravings of emi- 
nent Americans by the French 
artist, Charles Balthazar Ju- 
lien Fevre de Saint Memin, 
gain steadily in interest with 
the passing years. It was a 
notable galaxy of men and women who 
sat for the young French exile during 
his stay in the United States and their 
descendants are commencing to realize 
that a Saint Memin " portrait " has a 
rare value aside from its unique artis- 
tic merit. 

Saint Memin did not charge much, 
according to present-day standards, 
for " a likeness in chalk on pink-tinted 
paper, a smaller plate engraving of the 
same likeness and twelve impressions," 
only $25, according to a bill rendered 
by him to a President of the United 
States ; but if we estimate a dollar as 
valued in 1796, that same charge of 
$25 assumes large proportions, and 
thus only those who were well-to-do 
were able to have portraits made by 
Saint Memin. 

Two brothers of renown during the 

* Back numbers of the D. A. R. Magazine 
containing the Saint Memin series can be pur- 
chased from the Business Office, Memorial 
Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 

Jefiferson and Madison administrations 
who sat for Saint Memin were General 
Samuel Smith and Secretary Robert 
Smith of Baltimore, uncles of the beau- 
tiful Elizabeth Patterson who married 
Prince Jerome Bonaparte. 

Both Samuel and his brother Robert 
were born in Carlisle, Pa. ; their fa- 
ther, John, a native of Strabane, Ire- 
land, removed to Baltimore, Maryland, 
about 1759, where he was for many 
years a prosperous and well known mer- 
chant. Samuel Smith spent five years 
in his father's counting house attaining 
a commercial education, and sailed for 
France in 1772 in one of his father's 
vessels. He traveled extensively in 
Europe, and on returning to this coun- 
try just after the battle of Lexington, 
he offered his services to Maryland. 
He was appointed, in 1776. captain of 
the 6th company of Col. Wm. Small- 
wood's regiment of the Maryland line. 
General Smith's career in the Revolu- 
tionary War was a notable one, and 
for his heroic defense of Fort Mififlin 
Congress voted him thanks and a 
sword. After the establishment of 
peace General Smith held many public 
offices ; he was a member of the United 
States Senate from 1803 to 1815, and 



from 1822 to 1833. Under President 
Jefferson he served without compensa- 
tion as Secretary of the Navy in 1801. 
In the war of 1812 he held the rank of 
major general of the State troops in de- 
fence of Baltimore. 

In his eighty-third year (iVugust, 
1835) General Smith was called on by 
a committee of fellow citizens of Bal- 
timore to disperse a mob which had 
gained control of the city. General 
Smith promptly organized a meeting in 
the Park at which several of the com- 
pany proposed some resolutions be 
adopted and read to the mob. 

" Resolutions? " remarked the gallant 
old general in a firm voice. " I'll tell 
you what kind of resolutions suited a 
mob during the Revolutionary War. 
They were powder and ball. These are 
the kind we now want." 

Smith's " resolutions " were unani- 
mously adopted, the mob dispersed, and 
Smith, elected mayor of the city, served 
until 1838. He died in Baltimore on 
April 22, 1839. His wife was Margaret 
Spear, eldest daughter of William 
Spear, and their son, John Spear Smith, 
was a prominent citizen of Baltimore. 

It is highly probable that Saint 
Memin made a portrait of Mrs. Samuel 
Smith, but it is not included in his own 
collection, now owned by the Corcoran 
Gallery of Art in Washington, from 
which these engravings are reproduced. 

There are, however, in this collection 
portraits of General Smith's brother 
Robert, and the latter's wife, Margaret, 
daughter of William Smith of Balti- 
more, a delegate to the Continental 
Congress. Robert Smith was born in 
Carlisle, Pa., in November, 1757, and 
died in Baltimore on November 26, 
1842. He was present at the Battle 
of the Brandywine as a volunteer; 

he later studied law and practised in 

Among the public offices held by him 
was that of Secretary of the Navy from 
January 26, 1802, until 1805. During 
that time the Congress voted in favor 
of a smaller navy and Secretary .Smith 
was directed to reduce the naval forces 
of the United States. Not, however, 
sharing the Congress' narrow view, 
Secretary Smith proved himself equal 
to the occasion by immediately dis- 
patching our finest warships to the 
Mediterranean in preparation for the 
war with Tripoli, then counted the war- 
ships left in home waters and gravely 
reported that number only to Congress 
as comprising the " reduced " United 
States naval forces. 

Robert Smith also served his country 
as United States Attorney General 
from March until December, 1805, and 
was Secretary of State from March 6, 
1809, to November 25, 1811. 

Saint Memin visited Richmond and 
Norfolk, Va., in 1808 and among the 
prominent Virginians who sat for him 
was Col. John Mayo, grandson of Wil- 
liam Mayo, born in England about 1685 
and who was famous for his engineer- 
ing skill. Colonel John Mayo built a 
bridge below the falls of the James 
River at his own expense. During the 
War of 1812 he served with great gal- 
lantry. His wife was Abigail De Hart, 
daughter of John De Hart of Elizabeth- 
town, and their eldest daughter, Maria 
Mayo, became the wife of General 
Winfield Scott, U. S. A. 

Another Virginian to sit for Saint 
Memin was John Minor, third of that 
name, who was born at Topping Castle 
in CaroHne County, in 1761, and is 
buried with his wife in the old Masonic 
grave3-ard in Fredericksburg, Va. 



Minor entered the Revolutionary army 
when a boy and at the end of the war 
studied law. In 1790 he married Mary 
Berkeley, daughter of Landon Carter 
Berkeley, of Airwell, in Hanover 
County. She died a few months after 
their marriage, and in 1793 he married 
her cousin, Lucy Landon Carter, daugh- 
ter of Landon Carter, of Cleve, King 
George County, and his wife, Mildred 
Washington Willis, of Willis Hill. 
Fredericksburg. She was the daughter 
of Mildred Washington, the aunt of 
General Washington, w^ho, as the 
Widow Gregory, married Harry Willis, 
of Fredericksburg. 

In 1812 upon the breaking out of the 
war with England, Mr. Minor was made 
a general in the Virginia line. Upon the 
close of hostilities he returned to his 
extensive law practice. William Wirt, 
a close friend, wrote of General Minor: 
" There never was a more finished and 
engaging gentleman nor one of a more 
warm, honest, and affectionate heart. 
He was as brave a man and as true a 
patriot as ever lived." (Virginia Maga- 
zine, Vol. X). 

Saint Memin's portrait of General 
Lewis R. Morris of Vermont bears the 
words : " St. Meniin, No. 35 South 30? 
St., Philadelphia," engraved under the 
likeness which was probably made in 
the year 1798-1799, when General Mor- 
ris represented Vermont in Congress. 
Hubbard and Dartt in their " History 
of the Town of Springfield, Vt.," give 
an interesting account of Morris' ca- 
reer, from which the following extracts 
are taken : 

Chief Justice Richard Morris was 
before the Revolution a Judge of Ad- 
miralty, as were his father and grand- 
father before him. As Chief Justice 
he held court at Westminster when 

A'ermont was under New York rule. He 
w-as one of the original proprietors in 
the Confirmation Charter of the town 
of Springfield. He married Sarah Lud- 
low, and their son, Lewis R. Morris, 
born November 2, 1760, is the subject 
of this sketch. He was prepared for 
college, but quitted his studies at seven- 
teen years to join a company in New 
York City upon the outbreak of the 
Revolution. He was on the staff of 
General Schuyler, of General Clinton 
and General Van Renssaelar. In 1777, 
by order of General Schuyler, he led a 
force of troops from Schenectady 
through the wilderness to the relief of 
Ida Castle (now the city of Utica), then 
surrounded by a large force of British 
troops and Indians; reaching there just 
in time to save the inmates from mas- 
sacre. General Morris saw Jennie 
McCrea only a few hours before she 
was massacred by the Indians, a trag- 
edy which excited horror and indigna- 
tion everywhere. 

In 1807 General Morris and his wife 
and daughter Sarah went to Oswegat- 
chie, St. Lawrence County, and spent 
a year in the woods. They lived in a 
log shanty and made a clearing in what 
is now the village of Ox Bow in the 
town of Antwerp, and enjoyed rustic 
life. Morris entertained distinguished 
company there, among others his uncle 
Gouverneur ; the latter having lost a 
leg could not ride horseback, and no 
carriage roads existing, the distin- 
guished statesman and United States 
Minister to France was drawn through 
the woods and over the rough ground 
on an ox sled. 

The exact date of General Morris' 
settlement in Springfield, Vt., is not 
known ; he is mentioned in the town 
records as early as December 19, 1785. 



He was a member from Springfield in 
the General Assembly and Speaker of 
the House from 1795 to 1797; clerk of 
the House in 1790-1791 ; secretary and 
member of the Constitutional Conven- 
tion in 1793 ; representative from Ver- 
mont in Congress from May 15, 1797, 
to March 3, 1803 ; United States Mar- 
shal from 1791-1797. In January, 1791, 
he was appointed one of the commis- 
sioners to confer with Congress with 
respect to the admission of Vermont 
to the Union. From 1781 to 1783 he 
was Secretary of Foreign Affairs under 
Chancellor Livingstone. In 1811 he 
was appointed major general of the 
First Division of Militia, which office 
he resigned in 1817. 

General Morris was three times mar- 
ried ; his first wife was Miss Dwight of 
Northampton, Mass. There was one 
daughter, Louisa M., who married July 
28, 1807, John S. Edwards of Connecti- 
cut, and moved to Warren, Ohio. Gen- 
eral Morris' second wife was Theodosia, 
daughter of Rev. Bulkley and Martha 
(Pomeroy) Olcott, of Charlestown, 
N. H. She died February 16, 1800, 
leaving one child, Lewis O., who was 
born in 1796 and died in Boston, 
October 14, 1818. 

The third wife was Ellen, daughter 
of Lieutenant Governor Jonathan and 
Levinah (Swan) Hunt of Vernon. 
There w^ere five children by this mar- 
riage : Richard H., born May 16, 1803 
(U. S. Navy); Sarah Ludlow, born 
March 23, 1806; married Rev. Edward 
Ballard of Pittsfield, Mass. ; Gouver- 
neur, born in 1809 and resided in Mon- 
roe, Mich. ; James H., born in 18 — , 
lived in Ann Arbor, Mich. ; and Robert, 
the youngest son, was born in 1814 
and died May 2, 1834. 

General Morris died October 29, 1825, 

aged 65 years ; his widow died August 
24, 1865 — forty years later. They are 
buried in the family lot in the cemetery 
at Charlestown, N. H. 

There is no account obtainable, by 
the writer, of Madame de Seze of New 
York, except the foot-note left by Saint 
Memin that her daughter married 
Pierre Flandin, the " well known fine 
art amateur of this city (New York ?)." 
The engraving is one of the most fas- 
cinating made by Saint Memin ; in fact, 
his likenesses of the gentlewomen of that 
day show his versatility as well as his 
artistic skill. 

The portraits of Daniel Ludlow of 
New York and his wife, Arabella Dun- 
can Ludlow, were, like all Saint Mem- 
in's engravings, reduced in size from 
his likenesses of the gentlewomen of that 
tinted paper. These two large por- 
traits are owned by Daniel Ludlow's 
great-granddaughter, Mrs. E. Sherman 
Gould (Arabella Duncan Ludlow) of 
New York. 

Daniel Ludlow (born August 2, 1750. 
died October, 1814) w^as the son of Ga- 
briel, who was the sixth child of Ga- 
briel and Sarah Hanmer Ludlow, and 
his second wife, EHzabeth Crommelin. 
and the grandson of Gabriel and Sarah 
Hanmer Ludlow. 

Arabella Duncan Ludlow (born Sep- 
tember 5, 1756, married September 13, 
1773, died December 7, 1803) was the 
daughter of Thomas and Margaret 
Bourhout Duncan and the granddaugh- 
ter of George and Martha Ludlow 
Duncan, the latter being the second 
child of Gabriel and Sarah Hanmer 

Daniel Ludlow and his wife. Ara- 
bella Duncan, thus had the same grand- 
father Ludlow. Daniel and Arabella 
had several children, the youngest 





being Edward Greenleaf Ludlow, M.D.. 
who married Mary Kennedy Lewis, 
who was the great-granddaughter of 
General Francis Lewis of Revolution- 
ary fame and one of the signers of the 
Declaration of Independence. 

The Crommelin family came from 
Amsterdam, Holland. The Duncans 
were prominent merchants in their day. 
George and Thomas Duncan owned 
several merchantmen that traded be- 
tween New York, England, France, 
Holland and the West Indies. 

The family of Ludlow sprung from 
the town of that name. The first Lud- 
low mentioned in English history was 
William de Ludlow, who was Governor 
of Montgomery Castle ; his son Lau- 
rence de Ludlow, early in the reign of 
Edward I, about 1280, purchased of 
John de Grey, Stoke Say Castle, about 
five miles from the town of Ludlow in 
Shropshire, which today, is one of the 
most perfect and interesting specimens 
of an early fortified mansion in Eng- 
land. It remained in this family for 
ten generations, till 1498; upon the 
death of Sir Richard Ludlow, whose 
wife was the daughter of Edward, Lord 
Powis, the latter became its owner. 

In the meantime the Ludlow family 
had spread to Somerset and Wiltshire. 
Of the direct line of Daniel Ludlow*, 
who came to New York, we find Wil- 
liam Ludlow of Hill Deverill. County 
Wilts, who held a high position in the 
household under Henry IV, V, and VI. 
He was M.P. for Ludgershall. In 1439 
he was appointed Marshal of Calais ; 
later Parker of the Park at Ludger- 
shall; he died on the twenty-third of 
December. 1478. and is buried in St. 
Thomas' Church. Salisbury. 

Gabriel Ludlowf, son of Gabriel and 
Martha Gary Ludlow, was born No- 
vember 2, 1663, at Castle Gary, Somer- 
set. He sailed from England in 1694, 
arrived at New York on November 24th 
and established himself there ; he soon 
became identified with the growth and 
development of early New York. In 
1697 Gabriel married Sarah, daughter 
of Captain Joseph Hanmer. They be- 
came the parents of thirteen children ; 
Martha, who married George Duncan, 
and Gabriel who married, first, Frances 
Duncan, and second, Elizabeth Crom- 
melin, being their second and the sixth 
child, respectively. 

This Gabriel Ludlow, the first of the 
name in New York, was kinsman of 
Lieutenant General Sir Edmund Lud- 
low, famous in Cromwell's day, and 
author of the historic " Ludlow Mem- 
oirs " ; great nephew of George Lud- 
low, who came from England to Vir- 
ginia where he figured as one of the 
Council of One Hundred, and of the 
latter's brother Roger, who also came 
to America and became Deputy Gover- 
nor of the Massachusetts Colony. He 
(Roger) married Mary, the sister of 
Governor Endicott. Feeling the need 
of a wider scope for his active and 
forceful temperament, he, with his fol- 
lowers, separated themselves from the 
Massachusetts Colony and formed a 
new settlement. He founded Fairfield 
and outlined the laws, still extant, 
of Connecticut. He is known as 
the " Father of the Jurisprudence of 

While Saint Memin did not go fur- 
ther south than Charleston, S. C, prom- 
inent residents of other southern and 
western States went to him when on 

* The Ludlow pedigree as certified in the 
College of Arms. 

t William Ludlow was the 8th generation 
from Gabriel Ludlow. 





their trips to Philadelphia, Richmond, 
Charleston, and New York. Among 
them was Pierre Auguste Charles 
Bourisgay Derbigny, the fifth Gover- 
nor of Louisiana, who was born in 
France and died in New Orleans, Oc- 
tober 6, 1829. Fleeing from France 
during the Terror, he went first to 
Santo Domingo, and thence to the 
United States, living for a while in 
Pittsburgh, Pa. He married a sister 
of Chevalier de Lozier ; then moved to 
Missouri, and finally to Louisiana. He 
held many offices in that State ; was a 
member of the lower house of the first 
State Legislature, and judge of the 
Supreme Court. As a personal friend 
of General Lafayette, he was his 
representative in all his legal and 
business affairs. 

In 1828 Derbigny was elected gov- 
ernor, and during his first year of ad- 
ministration General Andrew Jackson 
visited New Orleans, being invited to 
celebrate the anniversary of his vic- 
tory of January 8, 1815. Derbigny died 
soon after his first year of office, being 
instantly killed as he was thrown from 
his carriage. 

The South Carolina Historical and 
Genealogical Society Magazine pub- 
lished the following item : 

" Married in St. Philip's Church, the 
22d (1807). by the Rev. Dr. Jenkins, 
the Rev. James Dewar Simons to ^^liss 
Harleston Corbett, daughter of Thomas 
Corbett, Esq." 

The young divine, who belonged to 
one of Charleston's distinguished faiui- 
lies, probably had Saint Me.min en- 

(This scries to 

grave his portrait two years after his 
marriage, for it is on record that the 
French artist was in Charleston, S. C, 
in 1809. Dr. Simons was elected rec- 
tor of historic St. Philip's Church 
on August 7th of that same year ; 
he did not live very long, dying on 
May 27, 1814. 

Nicholas Van Dyke, 2d. was born in 
New Castle, Delaware, December 20, 
1769, and died there May 21, 1826. He 
was graduated at Princeton in 1788, 
and was in the same class with David 
Stone, afterward Governor and Chief 
Justice of North Carolina; William 
Kirkpatrick, Federal Judge and mem- 
ber of Congress ; and Smith Thompson, 
afterward Secretary of the Navy and 
Justice of the U. S. Supreme Court. 

After his graduation Van Dyke 
studied law and was admitted to the 
bar in 1792, was elected in 1807 to 
Congress, and from 1817 till 1826 was 
a member of the United States Senate. 

General Lafayette. visiting the 
United States in 1824, was present at 
the marriage of Senator Van Dyke's 
daughter to Charles I. Du Pont, and 
gave away the bride, as her father's 
personal friend. Lafayette stated that 
" in his judgment Mr. Van Dyke was 
one of the first statesmen in rank whom 
he knew in America." 

Senator Van Dyke was a soimd law- 
yer, and a fluent, graceful and success- 
ful advocate, and was remarkable for 
the ease and grace of his manner. He 
gained particular note as a debater in 
the Senate and was a distinguished 
member of the Federalist Party. 

be co)i fill lied) 


The Twenty-second Pennsylvania State Con- 
ference, D. A. R., met in Harrisburg, January 
21 to January 30, 1919, as guests of the Harris- 
burg Chapter. All the sessions were held in the 
ballroom of the Penn-Harris Hotel, which was 
decorated with numerous large flags. There 
were United States flags, the Pennsylvania state 
flag, and, at either end of the platform, the 
flags of our Allies. 

The formal opening of the conference took 
place Tuesday morning, but on the previous 
evening there was a patriotic meeting. There 
were delightful addresses by the President 
General, Mrs. George Thacher Guernsey; the 
President of the Harrisburg Chamber of Com- 
merce, Mr. George Reinoehl, and the Regent 
of the Harrisburg Chapter, Miss Cora Lee 
Snyder. At the opening of the conference the 
Daughters were welcomed to the city by the 
Mayor of Harrisburg, Hon. Daniel L. Keister. 
The State Regent, Mrs. Anthony Wayne Cook, 
presided at this, as at all the meetings. 

One of the pleasantest features of the con- 
ference was the presence of so many of the 
officers of the N. S. D. A. R., among whom 
were Mrs. George Thacher Guernsey, Presi- 
dent General ; Miss Emma L. Crowell, Record- 
ing Secretary General Mrs. George Maynard 
Minor, Vice President General from Connecti- 
cut and National Chairman of the Daughters 
OF THE American Revolution Magazine; Mrs. 
Harold R. Howell, Vice President General 
from Iowa, and Mrs. John P. Hume, State 
Regent of Wisconsin. 

Mrs. Minor made a stirring address, telling 
of the work and needs of the Magazine. 

Greetings were brought by the Honorary 
State Regents of Pennsylvania, Miss Susan 
Carpenter Frazer, Mrs. Alexander Ennis Pat- 
ton, Mrs. Alan Putnam Perley, Miss Helen E. 
C. Overton, and Miss Emma Lydia Crowell, and 
also by the Honorary Vice State Regents, Miss 
Minnie F. Mickley, Mrs. William H. Sayen, 
Mrs. Henry Clay Pennypacker, and Mrs. 
Smyser Williams. Interesting addresses were 
made by Mrs. Donald P. Gleason, president 
State Federation of Pennsylvania Women ; 
Mrs. Charles Lea, of the Food Conservation 
Committee of the Council of National De- 

fense; Mrs. H. Prentiss Nichols, President of 
the New Century Club, of Philadelphia, and 
Mrs. Frank B. Black, State President of the 
Farm Women's Society. 

The musical features were much enjoyed 
and helped make the conference one of the 
most successful in the history of the State. The 
State Regent, Mrs. Cook, reported splendid 
work done by the committees along all lines of 
work, but especially for war relief. Eighteen 
Pennsylvania Daughters were in foreign serv- 
ice, and as a lasting memorial to their patriot- 
ism, two scholarships were given to Maryville 
College, Tenn., where the Southern moun- 
taineers are taught. While this memorial is 
not in Pennsylvania, it was still deemed a most 
fitting one, as it is thoroughly in accord with 
the aims of the Society for patriotic education. 

A resolution of sympathy was sent to the 
Pine Mountain Settlement School, Kentucky, 
where the Mary Sinclair School Building was 
recently burned. One hundred and thirty 
dollars was raised at this time and sent to 
their assistance. 

The state offices of Recording Secretary and 
Registrar had to be filled, and the election re- 
sulted in placing Mrs. Charles J. Wood, of the 
Harrisburg Chapter, in the first-named office 
and Mrs. James H. Krom, of Fort Antes 
Chapter, in the latter office. The State Regent 
appointed Mrs. George H. Stewart, of Ship- 
pensburg, to the office of State Librarian for 
the coming year. 

The reports of the Chairmen of the differ- 
ent committees and also of the Chapter Re- 
gents were most interesting, and the only re- 
gret is that they cannot all be printed in our 
Magazine, so that the Daughters throughout 
the country might know the splendid w^ork 
accomplished by the Daughters in Pennsyl- 
vania. However, the space is limited, and 
it is only necessary to say that each Daughter 
did her best for the good of her beloved 

Delightful social entertainments were 
arranged for the conference. On Tuesday 
evening, the Governor and Mrs. William C. 
Sproul received the Daughters at the Execu- 
ive Mansion, and on the same evening the 
Wednesday Club invited them to its annual 
choral concert. Tea at the charming home of 



Mrs. William Elder Bailey was arranged for 
Wednesday afternoon. On Thursday the 
Bishop of Harrisburg and Mrs. James H. Dar- 
lington were at-home at the See House, where 
the Daughters not only enjoyed the gracious 
hospitality of the Bishop and Mrs. Darlington, 
but had the rare opportunity of seeing one of 
the finest collections of antiques and curios in 
the state. 

This delightful conference was brought to a 
close on Thursday evening with an informal 
business meeting. There were addresses and 
discussions on the all-important subjects of the 
day — Americanization, and reconstruction 
work in France. After singing " Home, Sweet 
Home," the Twenty-second Conference ad- 
journed. The next annual meeting will be in 
the autumn in Pittsburgh, as the guests of the 
Pittsburgh Chapter. 

Florence Jones Reineman, 

Recording Secretary. 


In response to invitations issued by the State 
Regent, Mrs. Lipscomb Norvell, of Beaumont, 
and the Jane Douglas Chapter, of Dallas, state 
officers, Chapter delegates and many members 
of the Texas D. A. R. assembled at the 
Adolphus Hotel, Dallas, on Thursday, Novem- 
ber 7, 1918, for the Nineteenth Annual Confer- 
ence. Guests of honor on this occasion were 
the President General, Mrs. George Thacher 
Guernsey ; Vice-President General, Mrs. Alvin 
V. Lane, of Dallas ; and Mrs. Josephus Daniels, 
of Washington. Four former State Regents, 
Mrs. A. V. Lane, Mrs. Harry Hyman, Mrs. 
Andrew Rose, and Mrs. James Lowery Smith 
were present. 

After an eloquent invocation by Dean Ray, 
of St. Matthew's Cathedral, there were cordial 
addresses of welcome by the Mayor of Dallas, 
Hon. J. E. Lawther, and the Regent of the host- 
ess Chapter, Mrs. M. B. Templeton. Friendly 
greetings were extended by State and National 
Officers of our sister societies ; Mrs. Gross R. 
Scruggs for the Colonial Dames, Mrs. Lucy 
Gary for the United States Daughters of 1812, 
and Mrs. J. C. Muse for the United Daughters 
of the Confederacy. There were also greetings 
to the conference by the State Regent, Mrs. 
Lipscomb Norvell, whose enthusiasm and abil- 
ity are unlimited. The greetings of Vice- 
President General, Mrs. Lane, came next. Mrs. 
S. A. Collom, of Texarkana, read Mrs. N. P. 
Sanderson's response to the addresses of 
welcome. Miss Grace Haddow, of London, 
Sub-Secretary of the Ministry of Alunitions, 
warned against the propagandists now trying 
to sow discord and distrust among the Allies. 

As a climax to the morning's session came the 
State Regent's presentation of the President 
General, Mrs. Guernsey. In forceful and well- 
chosen words the head of our organization not 
only brought the greetings and good will of 
the National Society, but she gave her hearers 
a keener insight into, and a wider appreciation 
of, the stupendous amount of patriotic work 
being done by this body of women. 

The business sessions of the conference were 
marked with most gratifying reports from the 
State Officers, chairmen of committees, and 
chapters. Mrs. James Lowery Smith, as former 
State Regent, in her report of work done be- 
tween the adjournment of the Eighteenth 
Conference and her retirement from office, 
showed a continuance of her forceful and tell- 
ing efforts. Mrs. Lipscomb Norvell, as State 
Regent, listed over half a million dollars 
spent on war work. As Western Division 
Chairman of the National War Relief Work, 
Mrs. Smith reported almost $125,000 worth 
of garments and articles given for war relief. 
As Chairman of Old Trails Committee, Mrs. 
Norvell, after six years of perseverance, has 
succeeded in marking El Camina Real (old 
San Antonio Road or King's Highway) 
across the state from the Sabine River 
to the Rio Grande. Besides great expense 
borne by her and not reported, Mrs. Norvell 
secured $10,544 for this work, and the 123 
granite boulders stand as a lasting evidence of 
the time, energy, and money spent by this inde- 
fatigable chairman as well as a reminder of 
historic roads travelled by the makers of Texas. 
Mrs. W. D. Garlington, Chairman of the Real 
Daughters, made a most effective report by 
introducing a Real Daughter, Mrs. Virginia 
White, whose father served in Virginia under 
General Greene. One new Chapter, Thomas 
Wynne, of Greenville, organized by Mrs. C. B. 
Jones, was reported, and two more are in 
process of organization. 

Mrs. Smith and Mrs. Harry Hyman were 
elected Honorary State Regents for life. 

The President General's Evening was at- 
tended with military pomp. The session was 
opened by the band from Camp Dix, which 
played the Processional and other selections. 
A bugler announced the entry of the President 
General, who was accompanied by Vice-Presi- 
dent General Mrs. Lane, the State Regent, and 
those who had a part on the program. Greet- 
ings and reminiscences were expressed by 
Mesdames A. D. Potts, B. R. Norvell, A. R. 
Howard, Harry Hyman, J. L. Smith, and An- 
drew Rose. Mrs. A. V. Lane, retiring Vice- 
President General, paid tribute to the loyalty 
and cooperation that had been accorded her. 
The especial and final feature of the evening 



was the wonderfully inspiring address of the 
President General, " The Aims and Purposes 
of the Daughters of the American Revolution." 

Historical Evening was a literary as well 
as a social triumph. After the invocation and 
the singing of the " Star Spangled Banner." the 
State Regent turned the meeting over to the 
State Historian, Mrs. W. G. Taliaferro, of 
Bryan, who made appropriate remarks before 
announcing each number. Mrs. J. C. Muse 
spoke of the " Struggles for Liberty Before 
1776." Mrs. I. B. McFarland pictured "America 
of the Future." The crowning event of the 
evening occurred when the State Historian 
called for Mrs. Josephus Daniels, and she, 
escorted by Mrs. A. R. Howard, came for- 
ward and gave a short but stirring talk. The 
State Historian announced that the Josephine 
Wooten Medal, offered by Comfort Woods 
Chapter, of Wharton, for the best historical 
essay, had been won by Miss Sadie Ruth 
Aldredge, of El Paso. 

The Memorial Service conducted by the 
State Chaplain, Mrs. H. S. Renick, of Houston, 
marked the closing day. The State Registrar, 
Mrs. J. A. Walker, of Brownwood, read a list 
of those who had died since the previous con- 
ference. The Resolutions, by Miss Anne E. 
Yocum, of Houston, embraced a solemn 
reminder of the ones whose hands are now 
folded. The memorial address, by Mrs. An- 
drew Rose, of Texarkana, was eloquent. Rev. 
Graham Frank gave the scripture reading and 
offered prayers. " Lead, Kindly Light " and " I 
Know That My Redeemer Liveth " were sung 
by Mrs. George Watson, Miss Alice Knox 
Ferguson, and the City Temple Concert Choir. 

The social features were both delightful and 
interesting. On Thursday the conference was 
entertained at luncheon by the Colonial Dames, 
the Daughters of 1812, and the United Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy. On Friday the Jane 
Douglas Chapter gave a luncheon. Mrs. 
Daniels gave a short talk on her work in the 
Y. W. C. A. and the United War Work Drive. 
Saturday the Jane Douglas Chapter took the 
members and guests of the conference to 
luncheon at the Dallas Country Club. 

On Thursday came the premature dispatch 
that Germany had accepted terms and peace 
had come. On motion of the Vice-President 
General, Mrs. Lane, the Chaplain, Mrs. Renick, 
offered a prayer for the confirmation of the 
news and of thanksgiving. The conference 
adjourned with the hymn, " God Be With You 
Till We Meet Again." 

(Mrs. I. B.) Mae Wynne McFarland, 

State Recording Secretary. 


In response to an invitation extended by the 
Wheeling Chapter, the Thirteenth Annual Con- 
ference of the West Virginia D. A. R. met in 
Wheeling, January 30-31, 1919. Owing to an 
epidemic of influenza, the conference had been 
postponed from October 10-11, 1918. 

Mrs. Linn Brannon, State Regent, presided. 
]\Iuch pleasure and interest was added by hav- 
ing present our President General, Mrs. George 
Thacher Guernsey; Mrs. George M. Minor, of 
Connecticut; Chairman of the Magazine Com- 
mittee ; Mrs. Emma Crowell, Recording Secre- 
tary General, and Mrs. John Hume, State 
Regent of Wisconsin. 

Twelve of the eighteen chapters of the state 
were represented. Reports of chapters and na- 
tional committees showed splendid work being 
done, valuable services being rendered by the 
Daughters throughout the state in cooperating 
with the various organizations of war relief 
work, one Chapter alone supporting twelve war 
orphans, another maintaining a scholarship in 
our West Virginia University for a young 
Frenchman wounded during the war. Valuable 
work has also been done along the line of his- 
toric research ; one Chapter locating and mark- 
ing eighteen graves, eight of which were the 
graves of officers of the Revolutionary War ; 
old wills and records of marriages copied ; 
another Chapter unveiling a monument erected 
in memory of a soldier of the Revolution. 

During the afternoon session on Thursday 
the conference was favored with interesting 
talks by our distinguished guests. 

The special feature of Thursday evening was 
an address by Mrs. Guernsey, President Gen- 
eral, in the Auditorium of the Y. W. C. A., 
which was much appreciated by an unusually 
large audience. 

A most delightful and interesting event of the 
conference was a visit to Monument Place. In 
the historic home of her ancestors, Mrs. Lucy 
Loving Milton welcomed the visitors and gra- 
ciously told its history: 

" Col. Moses Shepherd, an officer under Gen- 
eral George Washington, married Lydia Boggs, 
and they built the house now known as Monu- 
ment Place. The home, of Georgian architec- 
ture, is built of stone. The old house, though 
modernized for comfort, has had all of the 
original construction preserved. Especially in- 
teresting are the handsome mantels, cornices 
and panelling, carved by English workmen. 
The relic that is of great interest to everybody 
is the sun dial, that continues in a good state 
of preservation and has chiseled upon it these 
words : ' Time brings every change and ame- 
lioration most gratifying to rational men, and 
the humblest flower freely plucked under the 



tree of liberty is more to be desired than all 
the trappings of royalty.' " Another object of 
interest at Monument Place was a memorial 
erected in 1820. 

The visit to Monument Place revived in our 
minds the early history of Wheeling and the 
part that Fort Henry contributed to the de- 
fense of the western frontier during the Revo- 
lutionary War. Fort Henry was located at the 
top of what is now the main street of Wheel- 
ing, a tablet being placed there to mark the 
historic spot. 

A beautifully appointed luncheon at the Fort 
Henry Club on Friday afternoon closed one of 
the most successful conferences ever enjoyed 
by the West Virginia Daughters. 

Mrs. W. H. Conaway, 

State Recording Secretary. 


The Daughters of Wisconsin met at Janes- 
ville for their Twenty-second Annual Confer- 
ence, November 14-15, 1918. 

An atmosphere of warmest hospitality was 
thrown around every arrival as she was met 
and conducted to the auditorium of the Metho- 
dist Church, where luncheon was waiting. 
Afterwards she was escorted to her seat by a 
page, who gave her a beautiful booklet pro- 

The first session opened Thursday at 2 
o'clock p. M.. with the dignified " Marche Re- 
ligieuse," by Guilmant, executed by Miss Grace 
Murphy. The hostess Chapter felt the appre- 
ciative response of the visitors, as all joined 
in singing " America " and the Salute to the 
Flag, followed by an impressive invocation, 
pronounced by Mrs. E. J. Kimberley, Chapter 

The hostess Regent, Mrs. T. J. Nolan, then 
made a cordial address, glad that the Daugh- 
ters had been able to meet in so large a measure 
the demands of the war and that they could still 
do their part in reconstruction work. To this 
Mrs. R. B. Hartman responded. Two honorary 
guests, Mrs. Ada P. Kimberley, one of the six 
living charter members of the order, and Mrs. 
E. H. Van Ostrand, Honorary State Regent, 
also offered greetings. The State Regent, Mrs. 
J. P. Hume, opened the business of the session, 
and proceeded with the usual order, reviewing 
the chapters' affairs and opening vistas ahead 
for determined attainments by the Daughters. 

The Credential Committee showed thirty-one 
chapters in the state, with two new ones at Eau 
Claire and Superior, and a state membership 

of 1930. There were twenty-seven voting and 
seventy visiting delegates present. There was 
an address on War Camp Community Service 
by Mr. C. L. Newberry, who has attained 
prominence in Wisconsin through his work. 
The afternoon hours slipped by, and after a 
short recess the doors of the banquet hall were 
thrown open. Long tables with lights reflect- 
ing patriotic colors and baskets of flowers gave 
their own invitation. Following this a recep- 
tion in the church parlors was enjoyed, and at 
8 o'clock a musicale by the Mae Dowell Club, 
under the direction of Mrs. W. T. Sherer. 

The second session opened Friday a. m. with 
the state song, " Star of Wisconsin," rendered 
by Miss Ada Lewis. The reports of the Chap- 
ter regents all showed an astonishing amount of 
war work accomplished. The prominent feature 
of the second session was the election of State 
Officers. Mrs. R. B. Hartman, of Milwaukee, 
and Miss Helen Dorsett, of La Crosse, were 
elected State Regent and State Vice-Regent, 
respectively, subject to confirmation by the 
Twenty-eighth Continental Congress. Mrs. 
E. W. Blaisdell, of Waukiska, was elected 
Recording Secretary; Mrs. A. C. Urnbreit, of 
Milwaukee, Corresponding Secretary ; Mrs. O. 
E. Lurck, of Waupun, Treasurer, and Mrs. 
C. A. Harper, of Madison, State Historian. 
The retiring State Regent, Mrs. J. P. Hume, 
was made Honorary State Regent for life. A 
rising vote of gratitude was given by the assem- 
bly for her generous service and efficiency 
during her term of office. Mrs Hume gave a 
gracious response of appreciation, and retired 
with the assurance that her best wishes were 
always for the interests of the Daughters. 
A report of the Twenty-seventh Congress 
was given by Miss Elizabeth Wight, and 
the session's close was followed by a very 
refreshing luncheon. 

The last session, Friday p. m., was filled with 
reports and closing business. A memorial 
resolution to the memory of Mrs. J. V. Qua- 
rells, of Milwaukee, ex-Vice-President General, 
was offered by Mrs. Edward Ferguson, and 
the State Regent asked all present to rise during 
the reading, in honor also to other Daughters 
who had died during the year. 

As a close to a very happy conference, 
a resolution was adopted, to be sent to the 
U. S. Congress, which in spirit expressed the 
world's great wish, that " A permanent peace 
be made ample, and that a league of nations 
be accomplished including the Allies and 
the LTnited States." 

Katharine A. Rood, 

State Historian. 

To Insure Accuracy in the Reading of Names and Promptness in Publication 
Chapter Reports must be Typewritten EDITOR- 

The Esther Eayres Chapter (Crono, Me.) 
is young in point of organization, but the 
amount of service and activity looms large by 
the report of the War Work Committee. 

The knitted garments for the Red Cross num- 
bered 369; outside of Red Cross, 32; comfort 
bags filled, 225; unfilled, 100; property bags, 
20; puzzles, 4; games, 7; smileage books, 4; 
victrola records, 15; money to buy records, $5; 
Christmas boxes, 2; contributions to Y. M. C. A. 
drives, $140; Salvation Army, $5; contri- 
bution to War Work Campaign, $300 ; Liberty 
Loans, $9450. 

One French fatherless child has been 
adopted ; have also contributed towrards the 
adoption of four others. The amount con- 
tributed to Tilloloy was $5.40 : 90 garments 
were sent and 7 complete layettes. 

Chapter members have served on different 
committees for Red Cross drives ; one as chair- 
man for war work drives ; one as inspector and 
packer for surgical dressings, and two members 
have made retail price reports for the U. S. 
Food Administration. Members were also 
Four-Minute speakers for all different drives. 

The Chapter will observe Washington's 
Birthday. Efforts are being made to locate 
graves of Revolutionary soldiers in Old Town 
and Crono. The work done for the fatherless 
children of France by selling postcards was of 
real value. These items reported are sent to 
the magazine, hoping to encourage others to 
form new chapters. 

Georgia Pulsifer Porter, 

G'Fallon Chapter (O'Fallon, Mo.). During 
the past year we have grown from 18 to 27 
members, 3 of whom were transfers. We have 
14 resident members. The regular monthly 
meetings are well attended ; as a conservation 
measure refreshments were dispensed with. 

The Chapter is 100 per cent. Red Cross ; one 
member has charge of the sewing room; an- 
other is secretary-treasurer of the local unit, 
and all members contributed liberally to box 
of clothing sent by the Red Cross for Belgian 
relief in October. 

During the year we have given to war relief 
work; collected old linen for Red Cross hos- 
pital supplies ; made 36 property bags for sol- 
diers, and 20 fracture pillows, much of the work 
being done at our meetings. Fifteen dollars 
was contributed to our Red Cross Unit ; $10 
to the United War Work Fund. 

The Chapter is 100 per cent, on the National 
Society Liberty Loan Bond and the Tilloloy 
Fund, members responding to the per capita 

When the Third Liberty Loan was launched 
we felt that we must " Buy a Bond," but $50 
looked big to a small Chapter. Our funds were 
low, but perseverance and patriotism won the 
day. The Regent wrote to each non-resident 
member, presenting the cause, and requesting 
a $1 contribution. Responses came gladly, the 
ten $1 checks accompanied by interesting letters 
from Oklahoma, Kansas, Florida, Colorado and 
several other states. We had a Bake Day Sale 
that cleared us over $50. The bond was bought. 

A box containing 50 books, 24 new victrola 
records, games, music rolls and magazines were 
sent to the boys in the camps, and members 
sent a dozen envelopes of clippings to indi- 
vidual soldiers. 

In June the Chapter presented Mrs. Withers' 
illustrated lectures, " Pioneering in Missouri," 
the proceeds from which gladdened the heart 
of our Treasurer. 

June 14th was celebrated with appropriate 
exercises. The Regent had the rules of how 
and when to use the American flag published 
in the county papers and posted in the pub- 
lic school. On September 14th members re- 
quested the business houses in O'Fallon to 
display the flag. 

On every special day the flag on our town 
school and our rural schools has been flying, 
and the children have been taught the flag 

In July and August we were not idle, as was 
evidenced by the 18 scrap-books for soldiers 
turned in at the September meeting, and the 
117 bright-colored knitted quilt squares. Since 
then the quilt has been made and lined with 



grey flannelette and sent to Uclgian Relief 
Headquarters, with 130 pounds of clothing col- 
lected by the Chapter. 

In December the Chapter sent a knitted set 
to our State Regent, Mrs. Moss, for the battle- 
ship Missouri and 40 bedside bags to the Ameri- 
can Society for French Wounded. We are now 
making two dozen garments for French 

Before Christmas we had a sale of dainties 
that netted us $21. All our members l)ought 
Liberty Bonds and War Savings Stamps. We 
now have 7 stars, 6 blue and 1 gold, on our 
service flag. 

(Mrs. Arthur) Rebecca Heald McCluer. 


Menominee Chapter (Menominee, Mich.). 
During the year ending .February, 1919, the 
Chapter held 20 meetings, including board 
meetings and 3 special meetings. The present 
membership is 42. Four new names have been 
added during the year. 

Xo prizes were given for children's work in 
public schools, but prizes of small flags were 
given to the girls of the John Paul Jones Club 
for making gun wipers and flag pins for mem- 
bers of the Boys' Club for patriotic recitations. 
A set of Allies' flags was given to Chairman 
of Patriotic Education for use in public schools. 
A silk flag was given to the Chapter by the 
Flag Committee, and a large flag was given to 
Soldiers' Hut. 

Six Chapter members have taken the Daugh- 
ters OK THE .American Revolitiox Mag.\zine 
during year. 

The D. A. R. Boys' Club has continued active, 
has 300 members and enjoys the use of new 
and well-equipped rooms, " Wells Hall," the 
gift of Mr. John M. Wells, who has agreed to 
finance the upkeep of the rooms. On Febru- 
ary 7, 1919, the rooms were dedicated with 
proper ceremonies. Forty lectures were given 
by local men for the benefit of the Boys' Club. 

The John Paul Jones Girls' Club did excel- 
lent work making gun wipers every Saturday 
afternoon, and contributed their dues to the 
France Egg Fund. 

The Chapter has contributed to the state 
budget, to the National Third Liberty Loan ; 
has taken $100 in Liberty Bonds for itself, and 
has also contributed 15 property bags for Camp 
Custer Hospital and 1000 gun wipers for Camp 
Custer. To the Navy it gave 16 knitted gar- 
ments, 2 comfort kits; also 150 books were 
contributed to Y. M. C. A. libraries. In salvage 
work the Chapter saved tinfoil gathered by 
boys of the club. For France the Chapter gave 
to the reconstruction of Tilloloy 6 baby outfits, 

refugee garments, and to Egg Fund. In 
reconstruction work a box of linen and 
cotton and 30 spools of thread has been given 
to France. The Chapter has also adopted 4 
French orphans. 

Other contributions for Army and Navy 
were 15 scrap-books, $50 for Christmas din- 
ners, groceries and clothing for families of 
'soldiers and $10 for families of sailors ; for 
Belgian relief, $1.10, also 50 garments; for 
Armenian and Syrian relief, $25 ; since the 
armistice, 30 glasses of jelly, also some oranges 
to New York hospitals for use of wounded 

The Chapter kept Memorial Day and the 
Fourth of July ; the latter included patriotic 
floats in the parade. A sale of flags and flowers 
was held a day or two before Memorial Day. 

The programs for regular meetings, though 
hindered by the influenza epidemic, have been 
well carried out. Two papers by Mrs. Charles 
Green, " The Basis of Our Gratitude to France " 
and " The Origin and Growth of the Constitu- 
tion of the United States," have been filed with 
the Michigan Historical Commission. 

One method of raising funds was the sale of 
soldiers' record books by the Regent, Mrs. 

During the year the Chapter dedicated its flag 
with proper ceremony, and named the flag fund 
" The Margaret Harmon Flag Fund," in honor 
of its founder and very eflicient promoter. 

The present officers of the Chapter are : Mrs. 
Charles Hutchinson, Regent ; Mrs. George Mc- 
Cormick, Vice-Regent ; Mrs. Webb Harmon, 
Secretary; Mrs. George Power, Treasurer; 
Mrs. F. J. Trudel, Registrar; Mrs. A. L. 
Sawyer, Historian. 

Josephine Sawyer, 


Rivedale Chapter (Hutchinson, Kan.) at 
the May meeting re-elected the officers of the 
previous year for the ensuing year, as follows : 
Regent, Mrs. E. S. Sheperd ; Corresponding 
Secretary, Miss Nelle Hoagland ; Recording 
Secretary, Miss Ethel E. Holton ; Treasurer, 
Mrs. D. E. Shaffer ; Registrar, Mrs. L. P. Sent- 
ney ; Chaplain, Mrs. R. P. Smith. 

We have 46 resident and 14 non-resident 
members. We have admitted 7 new members 
this year and 1 by transfer, and 3 have been 
transferred to other chapters. We have 9 
applications for membership pending. 

We have 11 subscribers to the Daughters of 
THE American Revolution Magazine in 
this Chapter and donate 1 subscription to the 
public library. 

Each member has either Bonds or Baby 




Bonds. For the Chapter we have 1 Baby Bond 
of $5 ; to Third Liberty Loan, 1 bond of $50 ; to 
Fourth Liberty Loan, 1 bond of $50. We gave 
to first Red Cross drive $60; to second Red 
Cross drive $50 ; to the support of 1 French 
orphan $36.70. One member supports 1 French 
orphan individually. 

We cannot estimate our Red Cross work in 
dollars and cents or by the number of garments 
and surgical dressings made, but we have done 
our " bit " officially. Our Regent acted as 
County Chairman of Woman's Work. She 
visited every chapter and auxiliary in the 
county, besides organizing both. One member 
acted as County Registration Chairman ; 4 
members as instructors of surgical dressings 
classes; 1 as inspector of garment work; 1 
as hostess and yarn assistant ; 1 as county 
Red Cross examiner of surgical dressings 
pupils for certificates, and 1 member as super- 
intendent of the work of the " Spirit of 76 
Knitting Squad." 

With our l)antam rooster " Rookie," which 
was donated to the Red Cross workers, we at- 
tended all the Red Cross donation sales and 
other sales all over the county. " Rookie " was 
sold over 800 times, netting to the Red Cross 
fund over $800. Tuesdays of each week the 
Chapter worked at Red Cross headquarters. 

The Chapter will not issue expensive Year 
Books for the coming year, deciding to appro- 
priate the money to relief work. We cele- 

brated Flag Day with an appropriate program, 
as usual. 

The accompanying picture was taken after 
the reception in May, given our State Regent, 
Miss Catherine Campbell. 

(Mrs. L. p.) Ada Beard Sentney, 


Triangle Chapter (North East Pa.) of 41 
members has the following record of intensive 
war work to report, having had the hearty 
cooperation of many outside the Chapter mem- 
bership working for the Army and Navy 
through the Comforts Committee of the Navy 
League : For individual soldiers 375 knitted 
garments have been given, 12 comfort bags 
and 8 property bags. To the Army and Navy 
through Comforts Committee Navy League, 
1850 garments ; among U. S. ships furnished 
with garments were the battleships Pennsyl- 
vania and the Black Hazvk. 

For diet kitchen and cantonment work, $25 ; 
gifts to soldiers' families, $10 ; number of 
French orphans secured for adoption, 21 ; pieced 
quilts and knitted blankets for the Belgians, 
12; amount contributed to the Armenians, $11 ; 
cash raised for Navy League, $845 ; cash from 
individual members to the Red Cross, $834 ; 
work given, but Red Cross material used, as 
follows : 1 member inspected and packed 30,000 
dressings ; 1 member inspected and repaired 
2500 pairs of socks ; 1 member donated the use 
of her home 5 months for surgical dressings 



room ; 6 members were chairmen of Red Cross 
departments ; D. A. R. members in Red Cross, 
41, or 100 per cent. 

For Liberty Loans by individual Daughters, 
$12,480: on the D. A. R. $100,000 Liberty Loan, 
$20; sold by Daughters and assistants, $3592; 
war work campaign, 2 meetings, 2 speakers and 
orchestra were secured. 

An effort has been made by the Regent to 
compile war records of men in service from 
North East; 210 names have been obtained, 
many of them written to and garments sent ; 
30 letters have been received in reply. These 
names will be printed and framed and pre- 
sented to the McCord Memorial Library as 
historical record. 

An attractive Year Book was printed, but on 
account of intensive war work the commit- 
tee left the hostess to prepare a program 
for the occasion if she might find it possible 
to arrange one. 

We regret to report the loss of 1 member by 
death, Mrs. Matilda B. Fleming, who died 
December 4, 1918. We have received 9 new 
members during the past year. 

I would also add, our Regent, Mrs. George 
E. Pierce, has been untiring in her work for all 
these war activities, and it is largely her efforts 
and enthusiasm that make this report possible. 
She is now assisting in the organization of 2 
new chapters, 1 in Girard, with Mrs. Frank 
Drew as Organizing Regent, and 1 in Corry, 
with Mrs. Olmstead as Organizing Regent. 

(Mrs. J. B.) M.\ry G. McL.-xughlin. 

Old Oak Chapter (Grafton, Mass.) men- 
tions among its activities the awarding of 
prizes to pupils of the 8th grade for papers on 
" The Causes of the War." Mrs. Frederick L. 
Farnum was Chairman of the committee. In 
each school the exercises were prefaced by 
patriotic programs, and prizes of Thrift Stamps 
were given for the 3 best essays. At Fisherville 
the Regent, Mrs. Clarence H. Elliot, explained 
the purpose of the D. A. R. and presented the 
prizes. To the school, in behalf of the Chap- 
ter, she gave a picture of the Capitol at Wash- 
ington, by Jules Guertin. Mrs. Joseph Fossil 
contributed a picture of Gen. John J. Pershing. 
Mrs. David L. Fiske spoke to the children on 
schools abroad, and explained what it means 
to be an American child and an American citi- 
zen. At the Centre School the Regent presented 
the Thrift Stamps, and Rev. Philip King spoke 
on " Patriotism." The Norcross School has 
the honor of receiving the greatest number of 
prizes for patriotic work. At North Grafton, 
Mrs. Fiske explained the work of the D. A. R. 

and presented tlie prizes ; also, through the 
courtesy of the Vice Regent, Mrs. Walter John- 
son, a portrait of Lincoln. Master Brockle- 
bank, in a brief speech of appreciation, ac- 
cepted the portrait in behalf of the school. 

The January meeting was members' day. 
Mrs. Frank B. Hall, Vice-President General of 
the N. S. D. A. R., was the speaker of the 
afternoon. Other guests were Miss Isabel Gor- 
don, State secretary, D. A. R., and Mrs. Henry 
B. Johnson, all members of the Timothy Bige- 
low Chapter, of Worcester. Mrs. Hall, after a 
short resume of work done by various chapters 
in marking historic spots and trails, and in 
spreading patriotic knowledge, dwelt emphati- 
cally on international relations, the importance 
of naturalization papers, school work for adults, 
and the knowledge of America's creed, urging 
good citizenship with loyalty to country. 

At the February meeting, papers by school 
children were read on the following subjects: 
" The Flag," " Landing of the Pilgrims," " John 
Paul Jones," " Naval Engagements on Lake 
Champlain," " Roger Williams," " Alexander 
Hamilton," " Miles Standish," " Lafayette." 
Teachers and mothers were invited. Refresh- 
ments were served by the hostess, Miss Emma 
J. Goddard, assisted by Mrs. Sterling P. Ish. 

The Conservation Committee has always 
helped to winter the birds, and has interested 
the children in building bird houses and in 
feeding the birds ; and Miss Flora Mason's sub- 
ject, when she speaks to us, will be " Birds." 

All departments are active. The meetings are 
well attended. We have responded to national 
and state calls for war work, and individually 
continue our services in the interest of peace. 

(Mrs. David L.) Ella Williams Fiske, 

Brig. Gen. John Glover Chapter (Lynn, 
Mass.). This Chapter has developed rapidly 
during the past year, and from the j'oungest 
child of the State Regent has grown to a flour- 
ishing and competent older sister. 

One of the memorable afternoons of the past 
year was spent at Marblehead at the grave of 
Brig. Gen. John Glover, where commemorative 
exercises were held. 

Mr. Wilson Gill, the father of Patriotic 
Education, devoted an evening to the Chapter 
and guests, when he spoke on the beginnings 
of the D. A. R. 

Among the things accomplished during the 
year, we number the gift of a volume entitled 
" Lynn in the Revolution," by H. K. Sanderson, 
to the library at Memorial Continental Hall. 
The Chapter also presented the library with a 
history of Brig. Gen. John Glover, and voted 



to place a copy of each publication of the 
Daughters of the American Revolutiox 
Magazine in the Lynn Public Library. 

This Chapter has voted a sum of money 
toward the Massachusetts fund for a Paul Re- 
vere bell for the chime of bells for Memorial 
Chapel at Valley Forge. We feel especially 
interested in this project, because Brig. Gen. 
Glover was with Washington at Valley Forge, 
and the monument there bears a tablet dedicated 
to his memory. 

We have given a small amount toward pur- 
chasing the necessary articles for mending the 
soldiers' clothing at Camp Devens. This work 
was entirely carried on under the supervision 
of the Alassachusetts D. A. R. 

The quota toward Liberty Loans and for the 
Tilloloy fund has been paid, and later we gave 
extra money, in view of the fact that more 
members had been taken in during the time 
which had elapsed. 

Our illustrious namesake had a star in his 
honor sewed onto the Boy Scout flag, which 
travelled so far last year, in its effort to arouse 
patriotism. The star was put on at Marblehead, 
where fitting exercises were held, admission 
being 1 Thrift Stamp. 

A Chapter meeting was devoted to Miss 
Margaret R. Piper, one of our members and 
sister of our Regent, Mrs. Mary Vose Potter. 

During the year patriotic education has gained 
in prominence. The committee in charge has 
purchased 100 copies of " America's Creed," to 
be distributed ; is preparing to hold classes in 
English, which shall be open to the foreign 
population of the city, and is also paving the 
way for conducting story-telling to children in 
the public librar\-, in order that historical stories 
may increase the patriotism of the little 
ones, and at the same time acquaint them with 
our heroes. 

Another project well under way is the foun- 
dation of a Children of the American Revolu- 
tion Chapter in connection with our Chapter. 
The name decided upon is the " Flower of 
Essex," because on September 18, 1675, 70 men 
from Essex County were massacred at Bloody 
Brook, and a monument bearing a tablet to 
the " Flower of Essex " was erected at Deer- 
field, Mass. Some of these men came from 
Lynn, so it seemed fitting to name our children's 
Chapter for them. 

The Chapter has done a great deal of knit- 
ting for soldiers, has entertained at headquar- 
ters in Boston, and has incorporated many new 
ideas in its monthly meetings. Among these 
is the reading of America's Creed, the singing 
of war camp community songs, and the reading 
of comments by the President General from the 

Daughters of the American Revolution 
Magazine. We devote one meeting each 3'ear 
to conservation, having some official person talk 
on scientific and reconstructive conservation. 
We still adhere to the rule of tea and crackers 
for refreshments. 

Ruth Burbank Pennell, 


The Margaret Lynn Lewis Chapter (Roan- 
oke, Va.) celebrated its twenty-fifth anniver- 
sary February 7th. In the 25 years the work 
of the Chapter has covered all patriotic oppor- 
tunities presented to it. Its work in the public 
schools has been continuous and consistent — 
presentation of flags. Great Seals, Declarations 
of Independence, portraits, medals for papers 
on historical subjects; libraries started in 2 
schools and many books given to other schools. 
The Chapter has spent over $2000 in patriotic 
school work. 

The grave of Gen. Andrew Lewis has been 
marked, and the Chapter cares for it; also the 
grave of a granddaughter of Patrick Henry, 
an honorary member of the Chapter. 

The Chapter has presented two gifts to the 
Virginia Room in Memorial Continental Hall — 
one in memory of our Chaplain, Mrs. Peyton L. 
Terry, the other in memory of Gen. Andrew 
Lewis. Airs. Samuel W. Jamison, our Chapter 
Regent for 9 years. State Regent for 7 and Vice- 
President General, was honored by having a 
pair of candlesticks that were used in Monti- 
cello during Jefferson's lifetime, given the 
Virginia Room. 

The Chapter has encouraged educational 
work in the mountains of Virginia. It has 
given over $6000 for patriotic purposes. During 
the present war it cooperated with the Red 
Cross, worked in Liberty Loans, equipped a sol- 
dier, helped the War Bureau, entertained a 
machine gun company, adopted 22 friendless 
Virginia soldiers and followed their careers 
with helpful interest. Mrs. Ernest Baldwin, a 
member, organized the first Godmother's 
League in this country. Five hundred Testa- 
ments were given soldiers leaving for camp. 

The Chapter has adopted 5 French orphans. 
It has founded a chicken farm in devastated 
France, to be named after our city. Its Knit- 
ting League has sent 2789 garments to soldiers. 
Mrs. James Reese Schick, our Regent for 10 
years, has held the ideals of the D. A. R. ever 
before our eyes, and she has made the Chapter 
a power in the community. 

We now turn from war problems to peace 
problems — educational work, helping new citi- 
zens to be Americans, simplifying and en- 



nobling our life, crystallizing our ideals into 
daily actions and guarding as a sacred trust a 
sane freedom for all. 

Mrs. Thompson West Goodwin, 

Corresponding Secretary. 

Mary Silliman Chapter (Bridgeport, Conn.). 
On January 13, 1919, a large audience of mem- 
bers and invited guests filled the seating capac- 
ity of Olivet Congregational Church to celebrate 
the twenty-fifth anniversary of our Chapter. 

There were 21 eligible women who met in 
the Historical Rooms of the Barnum Institute, 
January IS, 1894, and agreed to send their 
lineage papers to Washington and become mem- 
bers of the Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion, and form a Chapter in Bridgeport. Two 
months later a local Chapter was firmly estab- 
lished, and its name was Mary Silliman, in 
honor of one of the foremost women in this 
section during Revolution days. With the Mary 
Silliman Chapter originated the idea of holding 
a Chapter Day celebration each birthday. 

The Chapter Day of this year — 1919 — proved 
to be no exception, for upon the platform, 
beautifully decorated with our American and 
Allied flags, were our Connecticut State Regent, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Barney Buell ; State Vice Re- 
gent, Mrs. Charles S. Bissell, and Vice-Presi- 
dent General, Mrs. George Maynard Minor. A 
gracious and cordial welcome was extended by 
our efficient Regent, Mrs. Joseph J. Rose, after 
which we listened to splendid patriotic ad- 
dresses from our State and National Officers. 

From the 21 charter members of the Mary 
Silliman Chapter, has grown the present mem- 
bership of 379. 

The call came for filling out blanks for the 
kind of service which could be rendered by the 
individual members if the country needed the 
women. Three hundred and ten were filled at 
once and sent to Washington through our State 
Regent. On the next call the Chapter sent 810 
newspaper clippings, 209 magazine articles, 880 
books, 2 games, 90 phonograph records, 300 
packs of playing cards, 84 glasses of jelly. 
Thirty-six sets of knitted garments, of 6 pieces 
each, were sent to the sailors of the battleship 
Connecticut. Connecticut Daughters agreed to 
furnish knitted garments for the aviators at 
the Mineola, L. I., station, and our Chapter 
purchased wool amounting to about $200 and 
knitted 52 complete sets of 6 garments each 
for this quota. Many garments were given for 
Belgian sufiferers. Over 25 French orphans 
were adopted. The clerical work at the War 
Bureau was D. A. R. service. Through the 
Red Cross home service section our members 
aided, and systematic campaigns in each call 

found Daughters as leaders. Members of our 
Chapter sold $3829 in Thrift Stamps and $8792 
in War Savings Stamps. 

When the special call came for women work- 
ers in munition factories, members followed the 
example of French and English sisters, and 
Bridgeport having 2 of the largest ammunition 
and gun factories in the country made this call 
imperative to get local workers. A member is 
serving as a nurse overseas. One member or- 
ganized 61 Red Cross auxiliaries, and a member 
serves daily as Red Cross Chairman. For 5 
weeks members served daily at the canteen and 
as nurses during the influenza epidemic. 

Figures of interest also include gifts of $200 
for purchase of Chapter Liberty Bonds, and 
individual reports of $189,440 purchased during 
the four Liberty Loan campaigns. The Chap- 
ter gave $379 to the National Society for the 
purchase of Liberty Bonds. The Tilloloy fund 
gift was $189.50. Two hundred and sixteen 
members reported with 6218 days of 8 hours at 
Red Cross work. The knitted garments are 
499 helmets, 1089 sweaters, 199 wristlets, 78 
pairs trigger mitts, 812 scarfs, 1197 pairs socks, 
93 trench caps, 418 eye bandages, and 75 capes 
made for orphans. One member gave her home 
for Red Cross Auxiliary and collected 300 canes 
for the injured. 

The Chapter realizes that it cannot relax yet, 
but must continue its work in the reconstruc- 
tion time, and with the firm determination to 
continue our efforts, Mary Silliman Chapter 
starts off another year of endeavor. 

Mrs. Orville Rector. 

Ruth Sayre Chapter (Manistee, Mich.) has 
had a busy year. We have only 16 working 
members and did not maintain a D. A. R. Red 
Cross room, but worked with the local Red 
Cross. Mrs. Ellsworth O'Neil was the Chapter 
Secretary for Manistee County, with 2500 mem- 
bers and 6 auxiliaries. She gave 3 hours a day 
for 1 year and 6 months. 

Our Honorary Regent, Mrs. Edward 
Wheeler, was Chairman for the canteen in the 
county and personally saw that 580 box lunches 
were prepared for departing soldiers. She also 
had an adopted soldier, which she outfitted en- 
tirely, including officer's uniform. 

Mrs. William Wente, a former Regent, gave 
in behalf of the Chapter, $25 toward the 
restoration of Tilloloy, sent 8 layettes to French 
refugees, besides knitting numberless socks for 
Red Cross and the destroyer Paul Jones. Mrs. 
William Woodhead has made a great many hos- 
pital garments, Mrs. H. B. Pierson was Chair- 
man of the surgical dressing work at the Red 



Cross rooms, and spent more than 1000 hours 
of her time directing the work, besides a great 
deal of knitting. 

Mrs. William F. Baker was Chairman of the 
clerical work, instructor in garment making, 
and also had an adopted soldier, whom she out- 
fitted. Miss Pearl Hard did clerical work and 
drove an automobile for the Red Cross. Miss 
Josephine Muenscher, a former Regent, gave 
books, also clothing to refugees. Miss Alice 
Woodhead worked in the community kitchen 
during the epidemic, made scrap-books for sick 
soldiers and did clerical work. Mrs. C. N. 
Russell did clerical work and knitting without 
end. Miss Cora Louise Nuttall adopted a 
French soldier, whom she completely outfitted. 

We furnished more than 250 books for the 
American Library Association ; gave $55 to 
Belgian relief ; 60 towels to Camp Custer ; $2 
for chocolate fund ; $1 for Christmas oranges ; 
1 box of books to the Starr Commonwealth; 
51 glasses of jelly, 10 scrap-books, 12 hospital 
pillows, property bags and comfort kits to 
Custer hospital; made 7 dozen trench candles 
and about 300 hospital garments. 

Individual members bought $22,000 worth of 
Liberty Bonds. Mrs. Belknap gave $12 to teach 
a soldier how to cook. Much of the work of 
our Chapter has never been recorded. We 
have not tried to do our " bit " but our " best." 
(Mrs.) Ellen Gillette Baker, 

John Corbley Chapter (Waynesburg, Pa.). 
In December, 1918, the State Regent, Mrs. An- 
thony Wayne Cooke, organized a Chapter of 
the Daughters of the American Revolution 
with less than 20 charter members. Twenty- 
seven have paid dues and are now enrolled. 

This Chapter is named for one of the " Min- 
ute Men " of the Revolution, the Rev. John 
Corbley, who removed from Virginia to 
what is now the southwestern-corner county 
(Greene) of the Keystone State. He organized 
the Goshen Baptist Church at Garvard's Fort, 
on Whiteley Creek, in 1773, which was the 

first church building erected in Greene County. 

A few years later, on a Sunday morning- 
while his family were on their way to this 
historic church, they were massacred by the 
last band of Indians who travelled the old war 
path extending through this county from the 
Monongahela River on the east to Wheeling 
Creek on the western boundary. 

The name of this church is now John Corbley 
Memorial, and it is situated not far from the 
historic Fort. 

Our Chapter is planning to erect a D. A. R. 
marker at this old Fort. A short distance north- 
east of the fort a Revolutionary soldier, Abel 
Jones, located with his family and erected the 
only powder mill ever built in that section. 

He had learned his trade at his old home in 
Wilmington, Del. He is buried across the 
river in Fayette County, and the D. A. R. 
marker on his resting place is a mute, but elo- 
quent reminder of the seventeen unmarked 
graves already located in Greene County, Pa. 
About six miles east of John Corbley Church 
is the old home of Albert Gallatin, " Friendship 
Hill," which is a treasure house for those who 
honor a great statesman. Our Chapter has 
planned to visit there and invite the Fayette 
County D. A .R. to meet them and arrange to 
mark the place. 

We have just endorsed the movement for a 
Greene County historical society, which will 
help us preserve the history, tradition and le- 
gend of Revolutionary men and women. 

To summarize our year's work. — Adoption of 
a French Orphan ; a Liberty Bond purchase ; 
our share Tilloloy fund; Red Cross and war 
activities, $36; enlarged our subscription to 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
Magazine ; meet regularly and with special pro- 
grams. Our officers comprise Mrs. R. W. 
Downey, Regent ; Mrs. B. H. Lewis, Vice Re- 
gent; Mrs. J. A. Knox, Registrar; Miss Jose- 
phine Zahniger, Corresponding Secretary; Mrs. 
T. J. Wisecarver, Treasurer. 

(Mrs.) Mary Sammons Parry, 


Those desiring the Index to Volume LII, Daughters of 
THE American Revolution Magazine can secure copies by 
applying to the Business Office, Memorial Continental Hall, 
Washington, D. C. 


Records of war service by States and Chapters tersely told. 
Is yoiir work listed here? All information supplied through 


Publicity Director, War Relief Service Committee, N, S. D. A. R. 

California. In Sierra Alta Chapter, Los An- 
geles, Cal. (Mrs. Frank W. Searle, Regent), 
$1200 for an ambulance was given in memory 
of John Haupt by Mrs. C. D. Haupt. 

Idaho. Mrs. Lue Adams Kress, State Re- 
gent, with a membership of 6 chapters, has 
contributed $862 for Tilloloy and $2025 for 
Red Cross. 

Illinois. Mary Little Aleere Chapter, Mo- 
line (Mrs. Harry Anisworth, Regent), has 
knitted 1185 garments for the army. Went 
" over the top " for Tilloloy and D. A. R. Lib- 
erty Loan funds. The building and equipment 
required for Red Cross rooms as well as ex- 
pense of same was furnished by one member, 
Mrs. William Butterworth. 

Indiana. Anne Rogers Clark Chapter, Jef- 
fersonville. Sixty members, purchased a 
Liberty Bond, $50; went "over the top" with 
$100 for D. A. R. Libery Loan; donated $95 
to Red Cross, Ambulance Fund, Y. W. C. A. 
and United War Work Campaign ; formed 
naval auxiliary to supply knitted garments for 
sailors on battleship Indiana; sent magazines 
to soldiers quarantined in Jefifersonville ; gave 
$5 for best collection (5 quarts) of fruit or 
vegetables canned by high school pupils (the 
collection later being donated to Old Ladies' 
Home) ; has a committee in charge of work of 
collecting all material in any way relating to 
Clark County's activity in the late war, which 
will be used later in a war history. In October 
a "party," consisting of music and refresh- 
ments, was given to members of 301st Wagon 
Company. Mrs. Janet H. Whiteside, Regent. 

Missouri. Missouri Daughters (Mrs. John 
Trigg Moss, State Regent) will aid incapaci- 
tated war heroes through the D. A. R. Loan 

Fund, a fund of $5000 having been created for 
this purpose. 

There is generally a period of from 4 to 8 
weeks elapsing between the discharge of a 
soldier from a reconstruction hospital and the 
time when his first monthly allotment from the 
Federal Government is received. This period 
of financial need will be met by this D. A. R. 
fund. The money, not to exceed $50 to any 
man, is to be loaned without interest, the prin- 
cipal to be repaid in small monthly installments 
when the regular allotments from the Federal 
Government commence to arrive. 

The Missouri Daughters are working in co- 
operation with the Federal Board of Vocational 
Education, Division of Rehabilitation, District 
No. 9, comprising the states of Missouri, Iowa, 
Kansas and Nebraska. This board welcomes 
this work of the Daughters. No money will 
be loaned except upon recommendation of the 
Federal Board. 

National Society. Bulletin 43 mentions 
kitchen kits for France. The " kits " have now 
been standardized in Quartermaster's Depart- 
ment, Washington. Let us adopt a slogan — 
'• Kitchen kits from the Daughters of the 
American Revolution to the Daughters of 
France." Five dollars pays for a kitchen kit of 
22 pieces. All money for " kits " should be 
sent to the Treasurer General, N. S. D. A. R., 
with instructions to forward same to American 
Committee for Devastated France. 

Oklahoma. One chapter adopted a " Bat- 
tery," providing it with piano, victrola, book 
case, etc. 

Oregon. One Daughter kept Spruce camps 
supplied with new magazines. 





|X interesting meeting took place 
in Memorial Continental Hall, 
Washington, on February 22. 
1919, when the National So- 
ciety, Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, the Sons of the 
Revolution in the District of Columbia, 
and the District of Columbia Society, 
Sons of the American Revolution, gave 
their fifth joint celebration in honor of 
the birthday of George Washington. 
Every seat in the auditorium was filled 
when the exercises opened. The Rev. 
Dr. Thomas E. Green gave the invocation. 
After the reading of America's Creed, 
the presiding officer, Mr. Elmer M. 
Wentworth, of Iowa, Past President 
General, S. A. R., opened his address 
with the words : " By our own choice 
we have linked ourselves with the past. 
The very names of our societies show^ 
our desire to honor and perpetuate the 
memory of those who gave us our heri- 
tage of liberty. It is a national duty, 
as well as a personal pleasure, to recall 
the high purpose, the integrity, heroism 
and devotion of the men and women 
whose ambitions and accomplishments 
made possible our national ideals." 

Brig. Gen. George Richards, U. S. 
M. C, President of the S. A. R. in the 
District of Columbia, read extracts 
from letters of Washington of timely 
interest, after which Mr. Galliard Hunt 
presented a gold medal from the Dis- 
trict S. R. to WiUis BalHnger, of the 
Central High School for his prize essay. 
The presentation was followed by an 

address, " Our Great Inheritance," * by 
the Hon. David Jayne Hill, former Amer- 
ican Ambassador to Germany. Doctor 
Hill advocated most earnestly the 
national observance of " Constitution 
Day " ; September 17, 1787, being the 
date on which Washington, as Presi- 
dent of the Constitutional Convention 
of 1787, placed his signature to the 
draft of the Constitution, which Doc- 
tor Hill stated, " marks the crowning 
achievement of the American Revolu- 
tion, the consolidation of its purpose, 
the realization of its aspirations, and 
the lasting glory of the great work of 
Washington — the dream of a new era 
in the history and destiny of mankind. 
And it remains for us, my compatriots, 
in this moment of emergency, to pre- 
serve, for ourselves and our posterity, 
this great inheritance." 

The next event on the program was 
the presentation of a flag for the patri- 
otic U. S. Marine Corps Recruiting 
Service. The flag was presented by 
Mrs. George Barnett, wife of the Major 
General Commandant of the Marine 
Corps, and accepted by the Rev. Dr. 
Randolph B. McKim. Singing of nat- 
ional and patriotic airs by the audience 
was followed by the benediction, pro- 
nounced by the Rev. James M. Nourse. 

* Doctor Hill's address, " Our Great Inheri- 
tance," has been published in pamphlet form, 
and free copies can be secured by applying to 
the National Association for Constitutional 
Government, 716 Colorado Building, Washing- 
ton, D. C. — Editor. 

In answers to "Queries" it is essential to give Liber and Folio or "Bible Reference." 
Queries will be inserted as early as possible after they are received. Answers, partial 
answers, or any information regarding queries are requested. In answering queries please 
give the date of the magazine and the number of the query. All letters to be forwarded to con- 
tributors must be unsealed and sent in blank, stamped envelopes, accompanied with the num- 
ber of the query and its signature. The Genealogical Editor reserves the right to print anything 
contained in the communication and will then forward the letter to the one sending the query. 


Genealogical Editor, Annapolis, Maryland 


6350. Ragsdale. — Wanted, the ancestry of 
Rhoda Todd Ragsdale, b 1794, m William 
Davidson, of Renfrewshire. Scotland, in 1815, 
in Granville Co., N. C. ; d 1846, in Petersburg, 
Va. Rhoda Todd Ragsdale's parents are sup- 
posed to have died when she was quite young, 
as she was adopted by her maternal uncle, 
George Todd, of Granville Co., N. C. Did she 
descend from Matthew Todd, the Rev soldier ? 

(2) Alford. — Wanted, the dates of b and 

m of Thomas Alford and Elizabeth , 

also Elizabeth's maiden name. Thomas Alford 
was living in Montgomery Co., Va., abt 1800 
and had 3 ch, John, m Elinor Hoge. Elizabeth, 
m Joseph Baker, Jr., 1793, and Moses. Per- 
haps Thomas Alford formerly lived in Am- 
herst or Buckingham Co., Va. — E. H. D. 

6351. Emerson-Cossen. — Col. Walter Emer- 
son was b Jan. 30. 1775, and d Sept. 3, 1858, 
buried in Wayne Co., Ky., where he was a man 
of prominence. Was in the Ky. legislature with 
Henry Clay. Came from Va. to Ky. M Albina 
Roe Cossen, who was b Aug. 21, 1797, and d 
Dec. 12, 1854. Where was he b and who 
were his parents ? Would like all genealogical 
data in regard to this branch of Emerson and 
Cosson families. 

(2) Hart.— Lethe Hart, dau of Childers 
Hart, of Wayne Co., Ky., m SamT Simpson. 
They d young, leaving 2 small ch, Thomas 
Childers and Lucy Margaret (b 1830). Would 
like dates of b, m and d of Letha Hart and 
Sam'l Simpson, and all genealogical data of 
the Hart family. Was Lethe Hart related to 
the wife of Henry Clay?— V. E. Y. 

6352. Martin. — William (or Peter) Martin 
came from eastern Va.., or enlisted from there 

in the Rev ; was at Valley Forge, and at York- 
town when Cornwallis surrendered, and had 
5 ch, Nancy, 2d wife of Martin Fox, son of 
Joseph Fox (who served under Gen. Wayne, 
both in Indian and Rev Wars), Dorcas, Caro- 
line, sons William and Peter. Rev data de- 
sired, also dates, and who each son and dau 
m, and parents and wife (or wives) of Wm. 
or Peter Martin.— Q. D. E. 

6353. Peck.— Did Darius Peck, of Lyme. 
Conn., render patriotic service during the Rev? 
He was b Sept. 11, 1733, m Elizabeth Beckwith 
in 1757. He d in Lyne, Conn., in 1797. 

(2) Black-Moore. — Capt. James Black 
lived in Chester, Mass., during the Rev. The 
family afterwards moved to Milford, Otsiga 
Co., N. Y. The place of his b and the names 
of his parents desired. He m Mary Moore abt 
1767, dau of Lt. Joseph Moore, of Simsburv, 
Conn. (She was b May 8, 1749. )^E. V. C. 

6354. Roberts. — My ancestor, Darcy Rob- 
erts, was b in the town of Bethlehem, Berk- 
shire Co., Mass., June 29, 1790. His father, 
Amos Roberts, was said to be a soldier in the 
Rev, and probably lived at that place at the 
time of his b. Can you give us any informa- 
tion and the Rev record of this Amos Roberts ? 
— G. R. L. 

6355. Ely. — Rev service desired of Ezra 
Cullick Ely, b Jan. 22, 1728, d 1793, 1751 m 
Sarah Sterling, d 1759. Ezra, son of (Deacon) 
Richard Ely, b 1697, d 1777, and Elizabeth Peck, 
d 1730. Richard was son of Richard Ely, b 
1656, and Mary Marvin, b 1666. Richard (h 
1656) was son of Richard Ely, b abt 1610, d 
1684, and Joane Phipps, d 1660. 

(2) Sterling. — Who were the parents of 
Sarah Sterling, and did her father serve in 
the Rev ?— L. H. W. 




6356. Key. — John Key was the first-ljorn 
male child in Philadelphia. Want all genealogi- 
cal data and Rev records of his descendants.— 
E. V. C. 

6357. CoNovER.— Who were the parents of 
Joseph Conover or Covenhoven, who lived in 
Franklin Township of Somerset Co., N. J.? I 
have a copy of Joseph Conover's will, probated 
in 1814. This Joseph Conover was the father 
of Capt. John Conover, b July 4, 1771, d July 
23, 1837. Rev record of said Joseph Conover 
desired. — L. C. S. 

6358. Martin.— First name and Rev record 

(if any) of Martin, father of Mary 

Martin who m Samuel Todd, a drummer in 
Rev, from Rowley, Mass., in 1783. 

(2) MosHER. — Does any one know of one 
William Mosher, whose son, Calvin Mosher, b 
in York State abt 1785, m Sally Todd (2d), of 
St. Albens, Vt., abt 1812. Was this Wm. 
Mosher a Rev soldier? Where and when was 
he b? Any information acceptable. — M. E. P. 

6359. Woods.— Was William Woods, b 1706, 
of Albemarle Co., Va., the father of Andrew 
Woods who m Mary McGee in Mercer Co., 

(2) Turner.— Who was the father of Wil- 
liam Turner, b 1778, possibly in Mercer Co., 
Ky. ? William Turner m Elizabeth Crooks abt 
1803 and came to Mo. abt 1839. It is possible 
that Thomas Turner and Catherine Smith, who 
came from Va., and settled on the Yadkin River 
in N. C, later moving to Ky., were his parents. 
— L. J. R. 

6360. Henry.— Did John Henry, father of 
Patrick Henry, have any bros ? If so, was there 
a dau among them, named Nancy? Nancy 
Henry m John Warley and lived in Va. during 
Rev. Would like to know her parentage. 

(2) Cass.— Is there record of the parents 
of Jonathan Cass, who served in the Rev from 
Exeter, N. H.?— C. D. 

6361. Bradford. — Information desired con- 
cerning the will and names of wife and 6 sons 
of Samuel Bradford, who d at Duxbury, Mass., 
Feb. 17, 1777, aged 47, while on a furlough and 
whose youngest son was named Josiah. 

(2) Kimball. — Information regarding de- 
scendants of Elijah Kimball, b at Boxford, 
Mass., in 1778.— P. B. K. 

6362. Butler-Mayhew. — John Butler, b 
Sept. 16, 1775, m July 27, 1797, Fear Mayhew, 
b May 29, 1777. Parentage of each desired, 
also what patriotic service, if any, did their 
respective fathers render. Tradition states, re- 
sided in Mass., in or near Martha's Vineyard, 
and later moved to Burtonsville, N. Y. State, 
and d there, leaving 2 sons, Jeremiah Mayhew 
Butler and James Parker Butler or Parker 
James Butler. Fear's father was named Jere- 

miah Mayhew. This information I gleaned 
from the old record in the N. Y. State (Bur- 
tonsville) family Bible. Data gathered from 
" Mass. Soldiers and Sailors " gives patriotic 
service to 3 men of the Mayhew family named 
" Jeremiah," 2 of them were captains. One of 
whom, b 1706, had a wife named Fear, and they 
were members of the Church at Chilmark, 
Mass., 1788. (Hist, and Gen. Reg., Vol. 59, p. 
195.) Again (p. 258, Vol. 59) it is recorded 
on Oct. 26, 1792, Capt. Jeremiah Mayhew of 
New Medford, m Peggy Mayhew, who d on 
Sept. 21, 1795.— C. D. H. 

6363. Mitchell-Burns. — Information and 
Rev service, if any, desired of the parents of 
Robert Mitchell and Rhoda Burns. Robert 
Mitchell was b in Halifax Co., Va., in 1760, 
served as corporal in Rev, m Rhoda Burns (b 
in Halifax Co., Va., in 1769). Issue, John, Wil- 
liam, Robert, Thomas, Nancy, Martha, Sarah 
Anne and Mary Jane. 

(2) Pollard - Peters. — Information and 
Rev service desired of William Penn Pollard, 
from Va., who is supposed to have served as 

capt. in the Rev. He was m twice, 1st to , 

had John and Rose Pollard; 2d to Hannah 
Peters, in 1801. Issue, Susan, Hannah, Julia, 
Margaret, George, James, Madison. Parents 
of Hannah Peters desired. — J. D. M. 

6364. LovEGROVE. — Information desired re- 
garding the service of Hampton Lovegrove, 
who is said to have left his home at an early 
age and served in Rev in Vt. abt the time of the 
battle of Bennington. Hampton Lovegrove was 
son of Edw. Lovegrove and Dorcas Fillmore 
Lovegrove, b in Yerwich, Conn. — S. P. K. 

6365. McPherson - Kincheloe - Small. — 
Daniel McPherson m Susan Kincheloe. Sup- 
posed to have settled in Penn., moved to Tenn. 
Their ch were : Barton, Charles Lewin, George, 
Horton, a dau, who m John Lauren, and Elijah, 
b 1789, m Sarah Small, 1826, served in War of 
1812. Is there Rev record in this family? All 
genealogical data desired. — M. A. B. 

6366. Bedell. — Information concerning 
Marquis De Lafayette Bedell, who was b in 
Va., Mar. 15, 1752, d in Ga., June 3, 1845, private 
in Rev.— M. R. G. 

6367. Smith - Green. — Jeremiah Smith m 
Miss Green in Ky. or Va., 1779. Lived in 
London, Lamel Co., Ky., 1830. Had the fol- 
lowing ch : Dr. William, David, Young, 
Mitchel, Polly and Cynihia. Who were the 
parents of Jererhiah Smith and his wife, and 
did they render Rev service? — L. S. C. 

6368. Call. — Nathan Call was my great- 
great-grandfather. His wife, whom he m abt 
1791, was Joanna Buell, of Somers, Conn., and 
Newport, N. H., dau of Capt. Matthew Buell, 
who served in the Rev. Their ch were : Lucy, 



who m Oliver Buell, Stephen, who m Polly 
Dunham, Calvin, who m Eliza Brockway, 
Sophia, who m Jeremiah Stanward, and Eunice, 
who m John Wilmarth. What was Nathan's 
father's given name, also his mother's full 
name ? 

(2) Chadwick-Barker-Armstrong. — My 
great-grandfather was John Chadwick, who m 
Lucretia Barker, living for a time in St. Law- 
rence Co., N. Y., and later in Madison Co. He 
had 1 sister, Sophy, who m Thomas Wilson, 
and 2 bros, Isaac and Sylvester. What was 
their father's name and did he have Rev serv- 
ice? Lucretia Barker, who m John Chadwick, 
was b in 1797, the dau of William Barker and 
Betsy Armstrong. Their other ch were Ara, 
Hannah, Silas, Joseph, Martin, Betsey, Lydea 
and John. Did William Barker have Rev serv- 
ice? Who was the father of Betsey Arm- 
strong, and did he render Rev service? — 
J. B. O. 

6369. Waltox. — Desired of Edw. Walton, b 

1736 or 1737, in Wales, m Frances , 

and had 2 ch, possibly more. Newell m Agnes 
Woolfolk, and Polly m Claburn. Ed- 
ward's wife's name desired. She was b in 
Hanover Co., Va. Was Edward a Rev soldier? 
Our family Bible says, " Newell had father and 
two bros killed in battle." 

(2) Wyatt. — Francis Wyatt m Miss Haden, 
of Va., and had issue 9 or 10 ch, and moved to 
Mt. Sterling, Ky. Did he receive a pension for 
Rev service, or his heirs receive bounty land 
for his service? 

(3) Whitehead. — Rev service desired of 
Nathan Whitehead or Wm. Whitehead, b in 
Halifax Co., N. C. William was a private in 
10th Regt. Continental Line. Who was Wm.'s 
wife, when b, when m, and date of d'f — 
M. W. G. 

6370. BucKNER. — Wanted, the names of the 
ch of John and Dorothy (Scrosby) Buckner, 
who were m in 1785 and lived in Gloucester Co., 
\'a. ? Dorothy Scrosby, the wife of John Buck- 
ner, lived in Middlesex Co., dau of James 
Scrosby and Anne Mathews, his wife. I am 
trying to place Baldwin Mathews Buckner, b in 
Gloucester Co., Va., in 1790 or '91. He m 
Eliza Anderson of the same co., and had ch, 
William, Walter, Robert, Maria Jane, Ellen, 
Ida and perhaps others. 

(2) Anderson. — Eliza Anderson Buckner, 
the wife of Baldwin ]\Iathews Buckner, was the 
dau of Elizabeth Camp, and a Mr. Anderson, 
of Gloucester Co. Eliza Anderson was b abt 
1790; her mother, Elizabeth Camp, was the 
dau of Capt. John Camp, of the Rev. Elizabeth 
Camp's mother was DoUy Seawell, dau of Jane 
Boswell and John Seawell, of Gloucester Co., 
Va. Jane Boswell. who m 1st a Thornton and 

2d John Seawell, was the dau of Major Thomas 
Boswell, of the Rev. I am anxious to know the 
given name of the Mr. Anderson who m Eliza- 
beth Camp, of Gloucester Co., Va., abt the yr 
1788 or '89. This Mr. Anderson d young, 
probably, as his wife Elizabeth m 2d a Capt. 
Holday, of Gloucester Co. — C. B. D. 

6371. SiBERT. — Francis Sibert (Seibert), b 
in Va., 1760, d 1850. M Mary Ann Riddle and 
was son of Sibert and Elizabeth Jen- 
nings. Was in the cavalry during the Rev. 
Wanted, Rev record. 

(2) Henry. — Martha Henry m Christian 
Gleim, 1805, said to be a cousin of Patrick 
Henry. Has any one such record? — M. G. M. S. 

6372. Watkins. — Information desired of 
Reese Watkins, who lived in Wilkes Co., Ga., 
d abt 1840. His father was also named Reese 
and came to Ga. from Va. — P. H. W. 

6373. Rose-Wheeler. — John Rose, Rev sol- 
dier, enlisted at Salisbury, Conn., b 1740, in 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y., d in Lisle, N. Y., Dec, 
1822, m Rachel Dutcher, 1764-5, in Canaan, 
Litchfield Co., Conn. Issue : Albin, Salmon, 
Leonard, William and Rachel. 2d wife, Kath- 
erine Wheeler, d Nov., 1822, in Lisle, N. Y. 
Issue : Lucy, John Jr., Elijah, Katherine, Denni- 
son, Sally, Polly, Alda and Serepta. All b in Vt. 
or N. Y. Who were the parents of Katherine 
Wheeler, where was she b, where and when 
m to John Rose ? All data and history of John 
Rose and Katherine Wheeler solicited. 

(2) Eldridge - Huntington. — Dennison- 
Robinson Rose, son of John, m Hannah Eld- 
ridge, b 1789, in Sharon, Vt., d 1868, in De- 
troit, Mich. Hannah's mother (Mary) d when 
she was quite young and she was raised by her 

grandparents, Huntington, Quakers. To 

what Huntington family do they belong? — 
G. R. L. 

6374. Weeks - Sxow. — My grandfather, 
Charles Sherman Weeks, b 1802, d Jan. 31, 
1874, m Abigail Snow, b in 1806 and d July 3, 
1870, in Feb. 29, 1824, and had 16 ch : Amasa 
W^eeks, Abigail, Maryetta, Benj. D., Mason, 
Feildir, Charles D., George S., Sophronia, 
Louisa, David, Sarah, Carolina, Emma Rosette, 
George Merill and Chas. Edward. My grand- 
parents both came from Conn., and d in West 
Winfield, N. Y. Abigail Snow was said to be 
descended from Pocahontas and Charles 
Weeks to be related to Wm. Tecumseh Sher- 
man. Wanted, ancestry of each, with all genea- 
logical data and Rev record.— A. W. W. B. 

6375. Trees. — John Trees, a Rev soldier, b 
in Germany, settled in Penn., enlisted in this 
state, later moved to Ohio. Wanted, name of 
wife, with date of b and d. Also date of John 
Trees' b, d and m. — M. M. 

6376. Greene - Rounds. — Sanford Greene, 



1786-1851, of R. I. or Stonington, Conn., m 
Barbara Rounds, of R. I. Later moved to St. 
Law Co., X. Y. Sanford Greene had bros and 
sisters, Jacob, b 1787, Patience, 1790, George, 
1791, Ara. 1793, Pardon, 1795, Wm., 1798 Rich- 
ard, 1803. Lillias. 1804, Croford, 1805. Gardner, 
1809. If genealogy is published, where can it 
be procured? 

(2) Greene. — Was Sanford Greene de- 
scended from John Greene, surgeon, who emi- 
grated to this country in 1635? — J. E. G. 

6377. Ingraham. — Ingraham, m, 

Wethersfield, Conn., lost at sea. Had issue, 
Mary, b Jan. 31, 1780, d Oct. 26, 1848, m Jan. 
20, 1805, Arthur Andrews. Issue : Mary, Bur- 
ton, Irene, Arthur, Elizur, Burton. The given 
name of Ingraham is not known, nor is the 
name of his wife. His wife is believed to have 
m after his d, a man by the name of Hall, by 
whom she had Prudence. The mother d when 
the 2 girls were very young and they were 
brought up by a Whittelsey (?), of Wethers- 
field, probably guardian of Prudence Hall, who 
had some inheritance from her father. — D. A. 

6378. Castleman. — David Castleman, 1823- 
1875. Methodist minister in Penn.. son of Jo- 
seph Castleman. who d abt 1824 in Taneytown, 
Md. David had an uncle. David Castleman, 
who lived in Va. Further data concerning this 
family requested. — F. M. H. 

6379. Powell. — Rev ancestor William 
Powell, w^ho came from England in the early 
centuries and settled in Powell valley, opposite 
or near the Juniette River. Tradition states, 
William Powell lived near Braddocks field at 
the time of the defeat and his wife was Xancy 
Myers Powell.— W. T. P. 

6380. Emerson - Coad. — Wanted, informa- 
tion of the descendants of the Emerson-Coad 
marriage at Alex., Va., Xov. 26, 1818; also the 
ancestry of said Mrs. Drady Coad. 

(2) Lane. — Wanted, information of the 
Lane family of Pr. Geo. Co., Aid. Eleanor 
Lane m Jas. Forbes, grandson of Jas. Forbes, 
a member of the Continental Congress. 

(3) Ford. — Is there any record of Rev 
service rendered by the Ford family of Md. ?— 
M. C. 

6381. Cargill - Howard. — Capt. Benjamin 
Cargill, b Apr. 21, 1737. d July 26. 1813. m 
Mary Howard, b Aug., 1740. d Dec. 25, 1803. 
Ch: (1) William, b 1759. d 1798. (2) Lucv. 
b 1762, d 1830. (3) Asenath. b 1764, d 1810. 
(4) Benjamen, b 1768, d 1822. (5) Rhoda, b 
1771, d 1806 (6) Phila, b 1773. d 1820. (7) 
Ithiel. b 1775. (8) Sally, b 1777. d 1851. (9) 
Polly, b 1779, d 1841. (10) Tames, b 1782. 
(11) Charles, b 1783, d 1808. Sally Cargill m 
Rev. Abiel Williams, b Ravnham, Mass., Mar. 
16. 1775, d Dudley, Mass.' Oct. 1, 1850. He 

graduated at Brown L'niversity, 1795, Provi- 
dence, R. I. W^anted. the parents of Benjamin 
Cargill and of Mary How-ard. and the place of 
residence. Did Capt. Benj. Cargill serve in the 
Rev?— H. W. W. 

6382. Johnson. — W^anted. names and data 
concerning the wife of Asahel Stiles, Jr., and 
her parents. She was a Johnson, her father, 
from Vermont, enlisted at age of fourteen and 
served until close of war. 

(2) Stiles. — Proof of service of Asahel 
Stiles, Sr., who enlisted in Col. Moore's Regt., 
raised in N. H., for service in Canada. His 
bro John was one of the Minute Men. and an- 
other bro, Samuel, served 4 yrs, 9mos. in Rev. 
Was a maj.; also served in War of 1812. He 
was b in Colchester, Mass., Jan. 1, 1758. and 
m a Sarah Rose. 

(3) Jones. — Information concerning the 
parents of Sarah Jones, wife of Asahel Stiles, 
Sr. Her father was a W^elshman, a Presby- 
terian minister, who. with his 7 sons, fought in 
Rev. one son falling in the battle of Bennington. 
— A^ Z. P. 

6383. Redman. — Wanted, wife's name and 
the ch of Conrade Redman, Berks Co.. Penn. 
B, d. and m dates of Conrade Redman. 

(2) King. — Wanted, wife's name and the 
ch of Joshua King. London Co., Va. Dates of 
h. m. and d of Joshua King. — N. S. M. 

6384. AIorrow-Sparr. — Genealogy of James 
Morrow and his wife, Elizabeth Sparr, of 
Hardv Co., Va.. desired. He was in the battle 
of New Orleans.— R. C. W. T. 

6385. Hampton - Pierce. — John Hampton 
(3), b May 28, 1727, d 1794, in Fairfax Co., 
Va., m 1st Mary Gunnell, May 1, 1746, m 2d 
Alargaret Pierce, dau of William Pierce, of 
Westmoreland Co.. Va. Date desired of the m 
of Margaret Pierce and John Hampton, also 
all genealogy data and Rev records in the 
Pierce family. Tradition says that these were 
descendants of the Jamestown Colony Pierces. 
Did John Hampton serve in the Rev? 

(2) Reid-Rust. — Elizabeth Reid, b Loudoun 
Co, Va., May 25. 1792, m Henry S. Halley. 
Sept. 26, 1816. Dates desired of the m and b 
of her parents, Agnes Rust and Capt. Joseph 
Reid. of " The Green Banks," Westmoreland 
Co., Va. Wanted, all genealogical data and 
Rev records. — M. C. 

6386. Parker. — The ancestry of Capt. Xich- 
olas Parker, of the War of 1812. my great- 
grandfather, desired. I wish to establish Rev 
service, with full proof of the same. — S. P. S. 

6387. FiNLEV.— In his will, dated July 28, 
1781, William Finley mentions the following 
ch : John, Ann. Caldwell, Mary-Davison, Rose 
Gilespey, William, Robert and Jean, of Au- 
gusta Co., Va. Was (2d) William's father a 



Rev soldier This son, Robert, m Rosanna 
Steele. They lived in Va., and were the parents 
of 17 ch. The youngest ch, Robert, was b 
1790 in the same house in which his father was 
b. He had a sister Mary (Polly), who never m 
and d Mar. 10, 1866, in her 90th yr. Her father, 
the Robert mentioned in the will of Wm. (2d), 
was a Rev soldier. This Aunt Polly used to tell 
my father of how her father fought in the 
Rev. Once he carried an important message 
for George Washington. ( Library of Con- 
gress, Washington): " Findlay-Robert, Pri- 
vate, Commander in Chief's guard, Washing- 
ton, March 2, 1783." Date of b and d of Robert 
Finley desired ; also his m record and the names 
and dates of b of his ch. 

(2) Hart.— James Hart, b in Antrim Co., 
Ireland, abt 1750. He came to America before 
the Rev. James and John Hart were sons of 
their father by his 1st wife, Hugh and Wiliam 
being sons by the 2d wife. James Hart lived 
in Penn. and in Rockbridge Co., Va., until they 
came to Ky., in 1832. He and his wife are 
buried at South Lebanon, O. He m Elizabeth 
Hopkins, who was either a dau or a sister of 
Col. John Hopkins. The 12 ch. of James and 
Elizabeth Hart were as follows : John, lived 
and d in Warden Co., O., m Jane Farquer, 
and their 6 ch were : Eliza, Nancy, Mary, 
Sarah, George, John Abernathy. James, m 
Mary Tilford, May, 1801, near Georgetown, 
Ky., 10 ch. Hugh, d in 1804 or '05, m Elizabeth 
Tilford. David, d of plague in 1814, in Warren 
Co., O. Nancy, m James Bone. William, d in 
1803, unm, Deerfield, O. Samuel, m Jane Big- 
ham. He was an Associate Reformed Presby- 
terian minister, who preached in Rome, Ind., 
for a number of yrs, and d in Jeffersonville, 
Ind. Sarah, m Absalom Runnion. Margaret, d 
young. Mary, m Wm. Heaton. Elizabeth, m 
Wm. Haney. George, m Martha (Patsey) 
Sleesmon. James Hart d at the age of 84. He 
was private in the Rev. Was present at the 
surrender at Yorktown. His son George had 
a dau, Elizabeth Hopkins Hart, who m Erastus 
Finley. The latter were my grandparents. In- 
formation desired of the date of b and d of 
James Hart, also the date of his m and the 
number of the company in which he enlisted. 
Was his regt from Penn. or Va. ? — N. V. F. 

6388. Fox. — Who was Laney Fox's father? 
Did he serve in the Rev? All dates regarding 
her father desired. She m Tenus Flander. 

(2) OvEROCKER. — Who was Hannah Ove- 
rocker's father? Did he serve in the Rev? 
Dates of b, m and d desired. She m Cornelius 
Cronkhite. — A. F. 

6389. Francis. — Wanted, dates of b, d and 
m of Richard Francis, private in 1st Penn. 
Regt., Continental Line, from Jan. 1, 1777, to 

Jan. 18, 1781, father of Ruth Francis, b 1772, 
d 1849, m 1795 to Jonathan Knapp. 

(2) Knapp. — Dates of b, d and ch, etc., of 
Joel Knapp, private in Capt. George Comb's 
Co., Lt. Col. James Hammond's regt, of West- 
chester Co. Militia, N. Y. He was the father 
of Jonathan Knapp, b 1771, d 1849, and m Ruth 
Francis in 1795.— F. D. C. 

6390. Browning. — Wanted, Rev record of 
Capt. John Radford Browning, b in 1757, in 
Culpepper Co., Va., d 1844, in Ark. Capt. John 
Radford Browning served in the Seminole 
War after removing to Thomas Co., Ga. His 
bro, Capt. Francis Browning, served as courier 
to George Washington. Also wanted, the rec- 
ord of their father, John Browning, b in Cul- 
pepper Co.. Va., in 1728, d in 1803. I have evi- 
dence that he served in the Rev. — M. L. P . 

6391. Pollock. — Can you tell me if the name 
of James Pollock appears as a soldier of the 
Rev or if he gave service of any kind in con- 
nection with the War of Independence? James 
Pollock was b in Coleraine abt 1728, and settled 
in Ligmier Valley, West Moreland Co., Pa., 
at what is now (^reensburg, abt 1773. He m 
Alary Heron, abt 1770. He was appointed 1st 
justice of the peace in that part of the state, 
having taken his commission from the Gover- 
nor, Feb. 27, 1773. He d in 1812.— E. P. M. 

6392. Bishop- Gillette. — My great-great- 
grandfather, Richard Bishop, was b in Salis- 
bury, Conn., 1759, and d in Perry, N. Y., Jan. 5, 
1829, and served throughout the Rev. His 
wife, Marcy Gillette, was b in Salisbury, Conn., 
1761, and d in Perry, N. Y., in 1861. She was 
the oldest child of Nathan Gillette, whose family 
consisted of 8 dau and 1 son. Did the father 
of Richard Bishop serve in the Rev? All 
genealogical data of the Bishops and Gillettes 

(2) Bleweos. — My great-grandparents 
were Charles and Rachel Bleweos. Charles 
Bleweos was the son of John Nausock, who 
served in the Rev. When young Charles was 
adopted by a family of Bleweos. Rachel 
Bleweos d Feb. 23, 1861. Their ch were: 
Maeriah, b May 9, 1806, Catherine, b Nov. 5, 
1808, Jane, b June 20, 1810, John, b June 22, 
1812, Hannah, b Dec. 3, 1815, Charles b Jan. 14, 
1819, William, b Jan. 31, 1821, Abraham, b 
May 11, 1822. Live, b Apr. 29, 1826, Moriah, b 
Aug. 29, 1828, Margaret, b Sept. 12, 1831.— 
M. E. R. 

6393. Schenck. — Rev. Wm. Schenck said to 
have been a chaplain in the Rev. Can any one 
tell me in what company? He was a member 
of a Masonic fraternity, and as there is no 
record found of his having received any of the 
degrees within the jurisdiction of any of the 
states, could it be he was made a Mason in 



one of the army lodges known to exist in 
Washington's army? In 1772 he was preaching 
at Allentown, N. J. In 1777 he and his family 
were driven out of N. J. by the British and went 
to Bucks Co., Penn. Again in Apr., 1780, he 
was in Pittsgrove, Salem Co., N. J., and from 
there went to Ballston, near Saratoga, N. Y. 
In June, 1793, he went to Huntington, L. I. Is 
there a Schenck genealogy other than the one 
compiled by A. D. Schenck, U. S. A. ? 

(2) Gumming. — xAnn Gumming, b at Mon- 
mouth, N. J., May 3, 1750, m Rev. Wm. Schenck, 
Mar. 7, 1786, d at Franklin, O., June 23, 1838. 
What was the name of her father, also her 
mother? Did her father render Rev service? 
Is there a Gumming genealogy-? 

(3) Potter.— Dr. Gilbert Potter, b in Hunt- 
ington, L. I., Jan. 8, 1725. Said to have been 
a col. of militia during Rev. Where can I find 
authority for this statement? Is there a Potter 
genealogy? His dau Sarah m Capt. Wm. 
Rogers, b in Huntington, L. I., Nov. 10, 1741. 
Gapt. Rogers commanded an armed vessel dur- 
ing the Rev and captured a British vessel. Is 
there a Rogers genealogy'? — A. T. S. 

6394. Laxgdox. — Samuel Langdon, b July 

25, 1764, probably at Langdons Gorners, town 
of Kingsbury, Washington Go., N. Y. He d at 
Langdons Corners, June 19, 1822. Ancestry 
and Rev service desired. 

(2) Everett. — His wife, Jane Everett, b 
July 10, 1771, birthplace unknown. She d at 
Langdons Gorners, Dec. 1, 1844. Ancestry 

(3) Miller. — Louisa ^Miller, wife of Henry 
Darling Langdon, b at Langdons Corners, Feb. 

26, 1807. He d July 12, 1892. She was b, per- 
haps at or near Providence, R. I., Oct. 16, 1814, 
and d at Langdons Corners, July 12, 1887. — J. B. 

6395. Field. — Lydia Field (McKissin), no 
ch. John Fi-eld had issue: (1) Phoebe Ann 
Hall, (2) Clark Field, (3) Jack Field. Jere- 
miah Field had issue: (1) Israel, (2) Vincent. 
Isaiah Field, b May 9, 1786, m Esther Field, b 
Mar. 24, 1798, my great-grandfather and 
mother. Ch : Levina Field, 1816. John Field, 
1818. Esther Ann Field, 1820, m to Isaac 
Booth, Mar. 25, 1841, in Harrison Co., O. Sam- 
uel Field, 1823. Valentine Field, 1826. Eliza- 
beth Ann Field, 1829. Susann Field, 1831. Isa- 
bella Field, 1834. Michael Field. 1836. Nancv 
Jane Field, 1838. Isaiah Field, Jr., 1841. Tra- 
dition states from Va. or N. J. Genealogj' and 
Rev service desired. — N. D. B. 

6396. Lister-Lyster.— Information desired 
of Lister or Lyster family. William Lister was 
Burgess in Va. in 1704. Richard Lee m Ann 
Lister. Is the Va. familv of Listers the same 

as Edward Leister, who came over in the May- 
flower, later going to Va. ? Cornelius Lister, 
Justice of Peace in Va., came over in the ship 
Bliss, abt 1687. Are the Listers of Va. (Hali- 
fax), the same family as the N. C. family of 
Listers? Rev data of Listers desired. — T. A. 

6397. Crane. — Matthias Crane, of Eliza- 
beth, N. J., b abt 1705, m and had issue : Capt. 
Jacob Crane, b 1745, d July 25, 1811, m his 
cousin, Phebe Crane, 1770. Did Capt. Jacob 
Crane serve in the Rev? His record wanted. 
The name also desired, of the mother of Daniel 
Crane, of Elizabeth, N. J., b 1672. d Feb. 24, 
1724, m Hannah Muller. Had 5 sons, one 
Stephen, b 1709, d June 23, 1780, m Phebe 

. The genealogy of the Crane family states 

he was one of the leading patriots of N. J. 
during the Rev. A member of the first Conti- 
nental Congress. The engraving, " The First 
Prayer in Congress," contains his portrait. 
Would a descendant be eligible to the D. A. R. ? 
Name of his wife desired. — M. J. C. 

6398. Read - Reid. — Can some one tell me 
when Col. Robert Read, of Dublin, Ireland, 
and his son, Maj. John Read, came to America? 
Where did they land, and if either or both had 
Rev service? Maj. John Read m 1st Miss Kin- 
nedy, it is supposed, of Oxford, O. Had 1 dau, 

Ellen Read, who m McCron, and d abt 

1881, in Mentor, Campbelle Co., Ky. M 2d 
Nancy Neville, at Batavia, O., May 12, 1818, 
Rev. G. W. Light, being the minister. Moved 
to Callaqay Co., Mo., and d 1859. (Eyles Penn- 
sylvania Genealogies says): "Nancy Neville, 
m Major John Read, of the U. S. A." I will 
greatly appreciate any information relative to 
the history or Rev service of these gentlemen. — 
G. F. B. " 

6399. Precise - Sutherland. — Mildred Pre- 
cise m Daniel Sutherland, and had issue: 
Uriah Logan, b 1814. m Margaret J. Harris. 
Thos. Bailey. Mary Ann, m Mr. Armstrong. 
Lucinda, m Mr. Hamlin. Jane, m Mr. Hall. 
Louisa, m Mr. Cloverstreet. Harriett. Mildred 
Precise d Jan., 1860, and was buried in Logan 
Co., Ky., by the side of her mother. Ancestry 
and genealogical data of the Precise family 
desired. — E. E. W. 

6400. Walker.— John F. C. Walker was b 
in Prince George Co., Md., Dec. 25, 1763. En- 
listed in London Co., Va., and served in Gapt. 
John Henry's Co., Col. Alexander's Regt. of 
Va. He d in Monroe, Ga., June 19, 1836. The 
slab at the head of his grave says, among other 
creditable things, that he stood high in the 
councils of his state, Ga. Can any one tell me 
who his parents were and where they lived ? — 
M. N. Y. 




4404 Hart - Scott. — The following is ab- 
stract of a will of Valentine Hart, Rockbridge 
Co.. Va. : Will filed, July 3, 1792. Son Leon- 
ard Hart, son Moses Hart, son Benjamin Hart, 
son Valentine Hart. — Mrs. Wm. D. Claroye, 
466 Ferry Road, Winnipeg, Can. 

5125. Howard-Hayward. — I also have been 
looking for the parents of Jonathan Howard 
or Hayward. Jonathan Hayward m Lydia 
Davison, Nov. 15, 1775 (Early Cum. Mar- 
riages). He had sons, Nathan, Jonathan, Zeph- 
niel, b Oct. 13, 1788 (my great-grandfather), 
Amasa, Stephen and Palmer. He also had 3 
daus. I cannot prove that Jonathan served in 
the Rev. I have the Davison line, but no Rev 
service. — Dora P. IVordcn, 109 Cornell St., 
Ithaca, N. Y. 

5136 Perry-Tittus. — I find, " Ezra Perry, 
of Rehoboth, m Jemima Tittus, Apr. 29, 1762." 
(Early Mass. Marriage, Vol. 3, p. 186.) — Dora 
P. Warden, 109 Cornell St., Ithaca, N. Y. 

6050. Pratt. — If you have the genealogy 
from Nathaniel Pratt, do you have any record 
of Abel Pratt who m Jemima Butler? They 
had 1 son b 1818 by the name Nathaniel ? I am 
trying to locate the place in Mass. where Abel 
Pratt and Jemima Butler were m. Their mar- 
ried life was short, abt 6 or 7 yrs, when she m 
her cousin, Austin Butler, 1824.—/?. H. Butler, 
Warsaw, Ind. 

6068. Ellis. — My half-sister is a descendant 
of one Henry Ellis, of Pa., and would be glad 
to correspond with Ellis descendants of that 
state. — Winona Bleakney Peterson, Box 23, 
University Place, Neb. 

6142. Bancroft. — In regard to the families 
of Samuel Bancroft and John Foster, of Read- 
ing, Mass. You are evidently following up the 
lines in which I am interested. I find in my 
research several marriages between the Ban- 
croft and Foster or allied families of Stow, 
Ball and Spellman. These families I find in 
Granville, Reading, Worcester, Lynn, and 
Berkshire Co., Mass., and also in Middleton 
and Preston, Conn. A Samuel Bancroft d in 
Granville in 1788, aged 77 yrs. James Foster m 
Elizabeth Bancroft in 1765. Daniel Williams 
m Comfort Williams, 1796. Alvan Stowe m 
Lucy Bancroft. These marriages were in 
Granville. Isaac Phelps, of Granby, m Rhoda 
Bancroft. Thos. Bancroft Delham removed to 
Reading, 1653. In Springfield, Capt. John Ban- 
croft, Samuel, Thomas, Rhoda, Lydia, etc., 
Sam Bancroft served in Rev from E. Windsor. 
— Bertha Stevens. 

6153. MacDonald. — Flora MacDonald did 
live in N. C. She had direct descendants, Mrs. 
Flora MacDonald Donnelly and Miss Flora 

MacDonald Bewiels (m Feaner). If you write 
to Miss Louisa M. Feiten, 67 East 15th St., 
Atlanta, Ga., who is a sister of Mrs. Donnelly, 
she may know of any Mockay connection. — 
Mrs. Gale Kyle Riley, Eatonton, Ga. 

6154. Morehead.— I am interested in the 
Morehead genealogy, they intermarried with 
the Bleakney family. James Bleakney m Agnes 
or Nancy Morehead, and their oldest ch was b 
in 1789. The Bleakneys lived in Southern Pa., 
near Gettysburg or Chambersburg. I know 
there is a genealogy of the Moreheads of Caro- 
lina or Va. — Winona Bleakney Peterson, Uni- 
versity Place, Neb. 

6178. Pruitt-Prewit-Prenet. — Two broth- 
ers, Henry and William, came from Scotland 
and settled in Va. The first record we have: 
Henry Pruitt and John Fiels, 440 acres. 1687, 
Book 7, p. 569, Henrico Co., Va., vol. 4, Va. Co. 
Records. Henry Pruitt m Mary Ross, Apr. 13, 
1702. Issue of this marriage, John, Daniel and 
William. John, b 1717, d about 1820 in Warren 
Co., Ala., age 103. In Stubbs Early Settlers 
of Ala. there is a sketch of the Pruitts, and 
mention is made of the extreme age of John 
Pruitt and Jane, his wife. William moved from 
Caroline Co., Va., about 1770-1772, to what was 
then Fincastle Co. He was appointed constable 
at the first county court of Bottslourt Co., held 
Feb., 1770-1773. Martin and William Pruitt's 
names are on a petition from United Congrega- 
tion of Ebbing and Tinkling Springs on Holston 
River, Fincastle Co., to the Rev. Charles Cum- 
mings, minister of the Gospel at the Revolu- 
tionary Presbytery, at Hanover Sitting and 
Tinkling Springs, p. 139-140, History of South- 
west Va., Washington Co., by L. P. Summers. 
Martin was a spy in the Rev and was allowed a 
pension. Write to Adjutant General, War De 
partment, Washington, D. C, for proof of his 
service. From the Pruitt family record made 
by grandfather Jacob Pruitt, of Tex., I find 
Martin was a bachelor, but m after Rev, either 
in Ky. or Va. Later he moved to Ind. William 
settled in Ky. I do not know the names of the 
wives of Martin, but William m Ellender 

. William Pruitt, of Caroline Co., Va., 

was a son of John Pruitt, of Shenandoah Co. 
William, b 1740, m 1759, Mary Martin. Issue : 
William, Martin, Fallen, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob 
and 3 daus. William, Martin, Abraham and 
Isaac were in Ky. about 1785. Abraham was 
killed by Indians in Barren Co., Ky., at a place 
called Pruitt Knob. William and one brother, 
Isaac, moved to Ala., and later to Miss. Mar- 
tin, as our records tell, moved to Ind. 

6179. Keyes. — I suppose you refer to the 
book " Robert Keyes, of Watertown, Mass., 
1633 ; Soloman Keyes, of Newbury and Chelms- 
ford, and Their Descendants; Also Others of 



the Same Name." I am a descendant of both 
Robert and Soloman Keys, the two lives com- 
ing together in my great-grandparents. Israel 
Keys m Dorothy Temple. — L. C. Broivn. Box 
243, Fort Scott, Kan. 

6185. Reynolds. — Write Miss Fannie 
Holmes, Westerly, R. I., 53 Elm St., for data 
on the Reynolds family. There is a " Reynolds 
Family Association " meets every year ; the 
association also publishes an annual. — Edith P. 
Head, 6 Beaumont Ave., Catonsville, Md. 

6188. (2) Ballard. — Daniel Ballard did 
not sign the Assn. Test in N. H., and his name 
does not appear on the N. H. Rev. rolls, though 
there are several other Ballards. His name does 
not appear on the Vt. Rev roll. Possibly he 
served in Mass. or N. Y. There was a Daniel 
Kelly or Kelley, who signed the Assn. Test in 
N. H. from Sandown, but no Daniel Kelly is on 
Vt. Rev roll. Possibly the fathers of these 
parties signed the test. Have you looked for 
them?— il/r.j. Wallace D. Smith, 126 Wibird 
St., Portsmouth, N. H. 

6191. (2) Post.— The father of Ephraim 
Post was Joseph, b Apr. 22, 1754, d Nov. 8, 
1831, m Oct. 15, 1775. The mother was Anna 
Hoppin, d Oct. 15, 1781. Their ch were, Jer- 
nicia, Ephraim and William. Joseph Post m 
(2) Susan Munson and they moved to Wash- 
ington Co. from New Jersey, and raised a large 
family. Joseph Post served in the Rev from 
N. J. —Helen F. Daily, Aurora, 111. 

6239. Ayers. — The Benjamin Ayers who 
served in Middlesex Co., N. J., Militia during 
Rev was b about 1765, son of James Ayers and 
Hooe Bloomfield. He m Rebecca Ayers. His 
brothers and sisters were: Jacob; James; 
Samuel ; Nathan ; Huldah, b July 14, 176J ; Ben- 
jamin; Rhoda; Rachael, and Arisba. Benjamin 
Ayers, son of John and Mary Walker, d May 3, 
1732, as shown by his tombstone in old Presby- 
terian Cemetery at Metuchen, N. J. The Na- 
thaniel Ayers, of Somerset Co., who served in 
the Rev was probably the son of Moses and 
grandson of John and Mary. This Nathaniel 
was b 1728 and d at Basking Ridge, Sept. 17, 
1806. First wife, Elizabeth Worth, d Oct. 25, 
1801, 2nd wife, Sarah, Sept. 17, 1807. Have no 
record of brothers or sisters of this Nathaniel. 
— L. D. Carman, 1351 Q St., N. W., Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

6242. Allen.— Joseph Allen m Mary Baker, 
1736. Ch: Ethan, b Jan. 10, 1738; Heman, b 
Oct. 15, 1740; Lydia, b Apr. 6, 1741; Heber, b 
Oct. 4, 1743 ; Levi, b Jan. 16, 1745 ; Lucy, b Apr. 
2, 1747; Zimri, b Dec. 10, 1748; Ira, b Apr. 21, 
1751. Gen. Ira Allen m Jerusha Enos, Jr. Issue : 
Ist, Ira Hayden Allen, b July 19, 1790, d Apr. 
22, 1865; 2nd, Zimri, b 1792, d Aug. 22, 1813; 
3rd, Maria Juliet, b 1794, d Aug. 18, 1811. Ira 

Hayden Allen m Sarah C. P. Parsons, Jan. 13, 
1842, d 1844, town of Irasburg, Vt. ; he 2nd m 
her sister, Francis Eliza 1848. Heminway's 
Gazetteers, vol. i and iii. — Mrs. W. Robinson, 
South Hero, Vt. 

6243. Richards. — The Richards family from 
Va. removed to Rogersville, Tenn. Miss Fan- 
nie Hale is living there, whose mother was 
Somerville Richards. They had old aunts 
living at, or near, Fredericksburg, Va., and may 
have the family history. — Mrs. Gale Riley, 
Eatonton, Ga. 

6245. Moore. — The names in your query- 
suggest that your ^loores were of Louisa Co., 
Va. Samuel Ragland, of Louisa, Va., made a 
will in 1796, in which he mentions his dau, Lucy 
Moore, wife of Bernard Moore, and dau 
Martha Overton, wife of Waller Overton. Jean 
Ragland was a cousin of Martha Overton and 
Lucy Moore. Lucy Moore's 1st husband was 
Joel Terrell. The name Moore, Overton, and 
Jean all being names in this family, suggests 
that your Moores were of Louisa Co., Va. — 
Agnes I. Bullock, El Paso, 111. 

6255. Boone. — I notice your inquiry con- 
cerning Daniel Boone and his relation to the 
Wrights. In my line one Pamelia Wright, b 
Dec. 18, 1775, m one Edward Thomas, and d 
near Attica, Ind., Mar. 11, 1851. The tradition 
in our family is that Daniel Boone was a dis- 
tant cousin. Can you give me any information 
concerning the parentage of this Pamelia 
Wright? — Alice Lawry Stephenson, 202 Allen 
Bl., Kalamazoo, Mich. 

6261. Linn. — Inquire Pennsylvania Archives 
for trace of Adj. Jos. Linn if not in New Jersey- 
Archives. There was a very prominent family 
of Linns in the Cumberland Valley at an early 
date. Rev. John Blair Linn, the poet and his- 
torian, descended from this family. Rev. Wm. 
Linn, his father, lived in Chester Co., Pa., some 
time before the Rev War. — Dr. E. M. Hicstand 
Moore, 1708 Race St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

6262. Schenk. — The parents of John Wins- 
ton Schenk were Cornelius Schenk, an early 
merchant of Charlottesville, Albemarle Co., 
Va., who located there soon after the Rev, and 
his wife, Rebecca Winston, of Hanover Co. 
He d in 1810, and wife d a little more than a 
yr later. Their ch were : Peter Lott, Eleanor 
Winston, Mary, John Winston and Richard F. 
Schenk. — Henry Strother, 421 May Ave., Ft. 
Smith, Ark. 

6263. Hughes. — Robert Davis Hughes, b in 
Henrice, Va., Oct. 19, 1790. it is said: "He 
came to St. Clair Co., 111., in 1810, m Martha 
Alexander." I was b in St. Clair Co., 111., 1838, 
near Millstadt. My father was Joshua William 
Hughes, b 1808, in Powell's Valley, Washing- 
ton Co., Va., and migrated through Tenn. dowrk 



to St. Clair Co., 111. There were 4 bros who 
came from Wales and settled in Powhattan and 
Goochland Cos., Va., abt 1730. In land grants 
that I have located in Va., one was Robt. 
Hughes, of Henrico Co., 400 acres on the south 
side of the James River and on Muddy Creek, 
Aug. 17, 1725; also another land grant in 
Goochland Co., of 1000 acres, dated June 26, 
1731. The Robert Hughes family seem to have 
been an earlier family than the bros Orlando, 
Lenader, William, and John, who came, as I 
have said, in abt 1730, and settled in these cos., 
and I take it that the Robert Davis Hughes re- 
ferred to in the query would be a descendant 
of these early families. There were some 
other Hughes in St. Clair Co., 111., possibly a 
John D. Hughes. My paternal grandfather 
was William Hughes, who had a bro Rice, and 
Rice Hughes had land grants and settled in 
these early Va. cos. in 1650 or thereabouts, and 
if information could be had as to the Rice 
Hughes of this early date and his connection 
with my father, I would be very grateful.— 
F. T. Hughes, Y. M. C. A. Building. Keokuk, 

6264. Bryan. — Account of Bryan family 
written by Mrs. Dumming Josephine Bryan : 
" There were three brothers, French noblemen, 
who, being Huguenots, fled from Havre to 
avoid religious persecution. They went to Eng- 
land, one brother remained in Liverpool and 
became a wealthy silk dealer and ran for Parlia- 
ment (he wished to adopt my uncle Guy, being 
refused, all intercourse between the families 
ceased). The other bro, William, came to 
N. J., from whom we are descended, in a 
short time went to Bucks Co., Pa., and there 
his and his wife Rebecca's wills are probated. 
While in England he m a Welch woman, whom, 
I suppose, was Rebecca ; there were many ch, 
but only 2 sons have I knowledge of. James, 
my grandfather, was a Rev soldier, and after 
the war had a large farm in Bucks Co., near 
Snakerstown, there his 13 ch were born. In 
1812 he sold his farm and bought a tract of 
land on Bohemia Manor, Cecil Co., Md. Five 
of the sons settled side by side on small farms, 
and the 6th son was Dr. Guy Bryan. Joseph 
and Susan Mason Bryan had 5 ch : Emily E., 
Thomas Mason, Richard Hugellett, Josephine 
(the one who wrote this), and Charles Avery 
(my husband's father)." William Bryan's 
other bro settled in Va., I think his name was 
Joseph. Guy Bryan (James' bro), lived in 
Philadelphia, was a rich man, m a dau of Tim- 
othy Mathicks, a man of note and whose por- 
trait is in Independence Hall. Mary Bryan, the 
only sister I know about, was beautiful. When 
the poet Thomas Moore wrote, " Farewell to 
the banks of the Schoolkill," she was the one 
mentioned. She m a Mr. Morrison, and her 

dau m John P. Kenneky. — Mrs. John K. Bryan, 
205 St. Charles Ave., Natchez, Miss. 

6268. WooLFOLK. — John Woolfolk, Jr., and 
Sr., were Rev soldiers. John Woolfolk, Sr., 
m Elizaveth Lewis. I can give you this line 
complete from a Lewis history.— Mrs. Eugene 
C. Pigg, Windsor, Mo. 

6280. Banks.— Charity Lyon, b Sept. 28, 
1760, m Apr. 9, 1778, Samuel Banks, d Dec. 2, 
1848, was a dau of Israel Lyon, b Dec. 20, 1734, 
at Bedford, N. Y., d Dec. 28, 1816. He m 
Abigail Huested, b July 14, 1734, d Jan. 14, 1815. 
Israel Lyon served in the Rev as a private in 
Col. Richard Lackitt's Co. of Grenadiers, and 
in Capt. Noses' St. Johns Co., also in Capt. 
Josiah Milter's Co., 1778-1780. All under Col. 
Thomas Thomas' Westchester 2d or Middle 
Regt., formed in 1776. (Berthold Fernow's 
New York in the Rev, p. 84. D. A. R. lineage 
Book, vol. 4, p. 167, No. 3506.) "Ye History 
of Ye Town of Greenwich" (compiled by 
Edwin C. Banks, of Port Chester, N. Y., and 
Spencer P. Mead, LL.D., Greenwich, N. Y. 
Pub. 1911, Knickerbocker Press). "Lyon Me- 
morial" (3 vols., by R. B. Miller and A. B. 
Lyon. Pub. 1907, Detroit. Vol. 3 contains the 
N. Y. families). — Florence S. B. Meuges, 136 
Circular St., Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 

6283. Williamson. — " The Sharpless Fam- 
ily" book refers to Hiram and Sarah Evans 
Williamson and gives this residence as Darby 
Township, Chester Co., Pa. (now Delaware 
Co.). The inference is that the James William- 
son of the same place was his father, rather 
than Capt. John Williamson, who lived in a 
distant part of the county. " The Sharpless 
Family " book in tracing the lines of Johnothan 
E. Williamson (son of Hiram and Sarah), and 
whose wife was Mary A. Nuzum, a descendant 
of John Sharpless, emigrated 1682, gives the 
following account of the first Williamson in 
Penn. : " Daniel Williamson came to Penn. 
from Bradhead, Cheshire, England. 1682, in 
company with Robert Taylor, of Little High." 
from whom he received 50 acres of land in 
Marple Top, Chester, now Delaware Co., Pa., 
" for services rendered." Daniel's sister Mary, 
wife of John Howell, and a 2d sister Ellen, wife 
of Bartholomew Coppock, came over in the 
L^nicorne in 1684 with Robert Taylor's wife 
and ch. Daniel m 1684, Mary Smith, from 
Chesliese. who came to Penn., in company with 
the Howells and Coppocks. All of these emi- 
grants were members of the Society of Friends. 
Daniel and Mary Williamson's ch were Robert, 
Daniel, Thomas, Joseph, and Abigail. The 
genealogy states that Hiram and Sarah Evans 
Williamson emigrated from Pa. to Ind., where 
there was a large settlement of Friends from 
Chester Co. — Mrs. Elianor Fairlamb Gibson 
Sheldon, Iowa. 


Regular Meeting, February 4, 1919 

A regular meeting of the National Board 
of Alanagement was called to order by the 
President General, Mrs. George Thacher 
Guernsey, in the Board Room of Memorial 
Continental Hall, Tuesday, February 4, 1919, 
at ten a.m. 

The Chaplain General, Miss Elisabeth F. 
Pierce, spoke of two wonderful sermons she 
had lately heard, one referring to God's com- 
fort, the renewal of the spirit promised, and 
the other, the Puritan vision of God, and read 
for the first subject selected verses from 
Isaiah 1-5, 9-17, 28-31 ; from II Corinthians, 
Chap. 1, 3-5, also 20-22; on the Puritan Vision 
of God, verses from Revelation, Proverbs — 
" where there is no vision the people perish," 
that is, cast of¥ restraint. In her prayer Miss 
Pierce voiced the sorrow of the Board in the 
death of the Historian General, whose pres- 
ence was sorely missed. The Chaplain General 
dwelt on February as the month of the birthday 
celebrations of two of America's great heroes, 
whose ideals and vision of God inspired them 
to do great things for this country. The mem- 
bers of the Board joined in repeating the 
Lord's Prayer. 

The roll was called by the Recording Secre- 
tary General, showing the following members 
present: Active Officers, Mrs. Guernsey, Mrs. 
Minor, Mrs. Butterworth, Mrs. Howell, Mrs. 
Talbott, Mrs. Reynolds, Mrs. Guthrie, Miss 
Elisabeth F. Pierce, Miss Crowell, Mrs. Pulsi- 
fer, Mrs. Fletcher, Miss Grace M. Pierce, Mrs. 
Johnston, Miss Barlow ; State Regents, Mrs. 
Buel, Miss Fletcher, Mrs. Ellison, Miss Broad- 
head, Mrs. Harris, Mrs. Cook, Miss Serpell, 
Mrs. Hume; State Vice Regents. Mrs. Chub- 
buck, Mrs. Barrett. 

Letters and telegrams were read from mem- 
bers who were prevented for one reason or 
another from attending the meeting. A tele- 
gram was read from Mrs. Moss, State Regent 
of Missouri, announcing an additional payment 
of $619 on their Liberty Loan Fund, and $677 
for French orphans. 

The President General read her report. 

Report of President General 

Alembers of the National Board of Manage- 

When last we gathered together on October 
17, 1918, how little did we think that the 
Armistice would be signed in less than a month, 
the signing of which would bring to an end the 
greatest war in the history of the world. So 
intense and world-wide had been the business 
of war that peace came like an unsubstantial 
dream and found the nations half incredulous 
in their rejoicing. 

We all know that in the days of peace and 
prosperity there had always been sorrow and 
tragedy, as incidental to our stage of civiliza- 
tion, yet we had a wide diffusion of comfort. 
The war came and then everything worth while 
was at stake. The war demanded complete con- 
centration and energy was aroused to an extent 
never before known in the history of the race. 
Everything was done to bring the war to a 
successful end. And, I know of no group of 
women who gave more substantial aid to this 
purpose than the Daughters of the American 
Revolution, who entered whole-heartedly into 
this work. Now that peace has come, are the 
forces which you Daughters have stimulated 
and have united under public control to be at 
once dissolved and turned back to normal 
conditions? No, I feel sure that those aroused 
energies in you will expand themselves into 
efforts of one kind or another to help carry 
on the necessary work of reconstruction which 
must of necessity follow in the wake of this 
war. This period of reconstruction will require 
almost as much self-sacrifice, anxious toil and 
guidance as has the war period itself. There 
will be leadership needed in education, indus- 
try and social effort of all kinds — more now 
than ever before. But, this will be a building 
up, giving us incentive to go on and on, while 
war of a necessity carries with it the dis- 
couragement that must always go with the 
process of violence and destruction. 

The new period will not be one of ease and 
self-indulgence as formerly but it will appeal to 
the enthusiastic and hopeful. This will be a 
time in which great things can be done quickly 



because " the world has become accustomed to 
boldness of design, rapidity of action and un- 
limited expenditure for desired ends. The pub- 
lic motive has made the private and selfish 
motive as unpopular as it is unworthy." Now 
that peace has come the public motive will 
still dominate. Private objects must be made 
to fit in with new standards of public good. 
Even as in war time, so now in the period 
upon which we are entering, all resources for 
the supreme effort in a public cause will exert 
themselves through their own chosen agencies 
for obtaining a common end. Fortunate indeed 
will be the country which prefers order to 
chaos and is able to readjust itself to new con- 
ditions in this time of vigorous assertion, an 
uncensored press, political equality and the 
power of labor control, and, which will listen to 
moderate counsel ; keep itself sane, sober, in- 
dustrious, while at the same time holding 
firmly to the high principles for the vindication 
of which the war was fought. Again I affirm 
that the members of our great Society stand 
ready to do their part. With the coming of 
peace there will be a tendency to forget what 
the boys have done in this war. On my way 
East but recently I overheard a cynic remark, 
" Already a uniform looks different " — and to 
him it probably did. But to the great mass 
of Americans it does not and it must not. 
We must not let our ardor for the soldiers 
cool off. They are still our soldiers, they are 
still entitled to all the consideration, to all 
the love, to all the affection they would be 
entitled to if the war were going on this very 
moment. But it must be confessed there is 
a tendency to forget. Few of us remember the 
bridge that bore us across the stream after we 
have safely crossed. Deep down in our hearts 
we can resolve that we shall not forget the 
uniform, nor treat it with less respect when 
a peace treaty is signed than we did in the 
dark days when the boys went marching away. 
Daughters, I do not believe you will forget 
the last words uttered by Theodore Roosevelt, 
uttered with no thought that they were to be his 
last. " There can be no divided allegiance. 
Any man who says he is an American, but 
something else also, isn't an American at all. 
We have room for but one flag, the American 
Flag. We have room for but one language here 
and that is the English language. And we 
have room for but one soul loyalty, and that 
is the loyalty of the American people. There 
must be no sagging back in the fight for Ameri- 
canism merely because the war is over." 

Assuming that you will be interested in the 
movements of the President General since the 
meeting of the Board on October 17th, may 
I relate that I remained in Washington until 

Friday, October 25th, when with Mrs. Aull, 
Vice President General of Nebraska, I left 
Washington for Boston, expecting to make offi- 
cial visits to a number of chapters and the 
State meeting of Massachusetts, as well as 
the Conference of New Hampshire? Mrs. Aull 
and I, in company with Mrs. Ellison, State 
Regent of Massachusetts, attended a meeting 
of the Hannah Winthrop Chapter, Saturday 
afternoon, October 26th, in Cambridge, Mass. 
On Monday we had expected to go to Brat- 
tleboro, Vermont, to meet with some of the 
Vermont Daughters, but as the ban on public 
gatherings during the epidemic of " flu " which 
was at that time sweeping the New England 
States had not been lifted, we were not able 
to go to Brattleboro as we had planned but 
reached Greenfield, Massachusetts, Monday 
evening, where the Massachusetts State meet- 
ing was to be held the next day, Tuesday, 
October 29th. I wish it had been possible for 
every member of the Board to have been pres- 
ent at that most inspiring meeting, as I feel 
sure each would have been inspired to greater 
effort for our beloved organization. 

Early Wednesday morning we had the great 
pleasure of visiting, with the Massachusetts 
delegation, the historic village of Deerfield, 
which is only a few miles from Greenfield. 
After a hurried stay in Deerfield in company 
with Mrs. Minor, Mrs. Buel and Mrs. Ellison 
we motored from Deerfield to Concord, New 
Hampshire, to be present at the State Con- 
ference of New Hampshire. We arrived in time 
for the afternoon session, though late, our 
lateness being caused by rain and a " blow out." 
We remained in Concord until noon of the next 
day, when all returned to Boston, where we 
parted company with Mrs. Minor and Mrs. 
Buel, they returning to Connecticut. 

Mrs. Ellison, Mrs. Aull and I visited on 
Friday morning the Warren and Prescott Chap- 
ter of Boston which met in the famous home 
of General Otis, now being restored by the 
Society for the Preservation of New England 

After the morning meeting we motored to 
Attleboro, Massachusetts, to be present at a 
luncheon given by the chapter in their old 
Chapter house and later in the afternoon we 
attended a most interesting meeting of the 
Chapter. Saturday afternoon found us start- 
ing again on another pilgrimage to Providence, 
Rhode Island, where we were the guests of the 
Gaspee Charter of that city. We spent a most 
delightful afternoon meeting many members 
of the Gaspee Chapter at an informal tea 
afterwards. We had dinner with Mrs. Calder, 
State Regent of Rhode Island, and returned 



to the Ellison home late that night. At noon, 
November 3d, Mrs. AuU and I left for the 
West, Mrs. Aull going to her home in Omaha 
and I on to Dallas, Texas, to be present at 
the State Conference which was held November 
7th, 8th and 9th. I reached home the morning 
of the 11th, the day the Armistice was signed. 
With the exception of a hurried visit to 
Chicago to attend the " White Breakfast " of 
the General Henry Dearborn Chapter, Decem- 
ber 10th, I remained home until December 
28th when I left for Washington, arriving in a 
downpour of rain on January 1st. From that 
date until January 27th every minute of my 
time was devoted to matters concerning the 
Society here in Washington. 

The past week has been a busy one, as it 
included visits to New Jersey, Pennsylvania 
and West Virginia. 

In New Jersey Miss Crowell and I attended 
the celebration of the Twenty-second Anni- 
versary of the organization of Haddonfield 
Chapter and the few hours spent under the 
State Regent's hospitable roof with the mem- 
bers of the Chapter and the Regents of many 
of New Jersey's chapters were most enjoyable. 

From Haddonfield we went to Harrisburg 
to participate in the State Conference. We 
were here joined by Mrs. Minor, Mrs. Hume, 
Mrs. Howell and other members of our 
National Board. 

The two days spent with the Pennsylvania 
Daughters were full of interest. In the well- 
planned program, replete with interest, the 
labor and the enthusiasm of this big state were 
well demonstrated. 

Dr. William F. Slocum, of New York, in his 
address to the Daughters on Wednesday morn- 
ing struck the keynote of true patriotism and 
the uplift of his inspired words will long be 

It had been my privilege to hear Doctor 
Slocum last October when he addressed the 
Massachusetts Daughters and I am glad to 
state that he will be one of the speakers at 
our Continental Congress in April. 

The reports presented by the State Chairmen 
and Chapter Regents showed that the Penn- 
sylvania Daughters are thoroughly awake in 
almost every line of patriotic endeavor. 

From Harrisburg, in company with Airs. 
Minor, Airs. Hume and Aliss Crowell, we went 
to Wheeling, West Virginia, and the two days 
spent there were most delightful. A very con- 
spicuous feature of this Conference was the 
youthfulness of the delegates. I have never 
before seen so many young women representing 
their chapters at a conference. It speaks well 
for the growth and perpetuation of our Society 
in West Virginia, where so many of its younger 

members have become active. We look for 
great things from their enthusiastic cooperation 
with the older members. 

West Virginia has promised not only to re- 
deem its obligation of one dollar per capita 
for the Liberty Loan but the state has raised 
an additional $200 for that Fund. 

I am frank to say that I feel repaid for the 
time it has taken and the expense incurred in 
the knowledge I have gained, thus enabling 
me to have a better understanding of the con- 
ditions and the work done in these states and 
chapters. I feel sure that a keener knowledge 
of our Society and a better understanding of 
our aims are brought about by these personal 
visits of the President General, and it is be- 
cause of this fact that I shall leave on Thurs- 
day, with the State Regent of Massachusetts, 
for the Pacific Coast to attend the State Con- 
ferences in California, Oregon and Washing- 
ton. I am confident that good results will come 
from the visit. Airs. Fowler, our Librarian 
General, is already in California and will 
attend these conferences. I only wish it were 
possible for every member of the Board to be 

In the new work that is before us, that of 
Americanization, I am most anxious that the 
Daughters enter heart and soul. Never in the 
history of our country has the necessity been 
so great as now of making thorough Americans 
out of the Aliens in our midst. 

And, while we are so grandly coming to the 
front in helping to care for the French war 
orphans, do not let us forget in our D.A.R 
reconstruction the care of the American war 

I am extremely anxious to have every Chap- 
ter see to it that the men in its county are 
listed who went into the Army or Navy and in 
case of any having lost their lives to investigate 
the condition of their families, and unless the 
children have decided means of being cared 
for to the limit of receiving a good education 
to see to it that they are provided for in this 
way. And if there is no Chapter in a county 
use your influence to raise a fund for this work. 

What better safeguard to our country could 
we have than thoroughly developed good citi- 
zens and how better could we show our appre- 
ciation for the fathers of these children, who 
gave their lives that we might enjoy all the 
liberties of a free country, than by developing 

Another line of work which needs to be 
pushed on vigorously is the publicity of the 
Creed, the American's Creed, and the placing 
of the Constitution in public places. We have 
done great work in the publicity of the Flag 
Code — let us now do as well with the Creed 



and the Constitution. They will be read if 
placed in prominent places in both large and 
small cities and towns, and when read surely 
will leave an enduring impression. 

In this great undertaking of creating a new 
Americanism in this era just opening, the 
National Society of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution should stand out more 
prominently than any other organization be- 
cause this is the primary cause of our existence. 
Let us be awake to our opportunities. 

During the interim since our last Board 
meeting we have been called as a nation to 
mourn the death of our illustrious ex-President, 
Theodore Roosevelt, admired and mourned 
alike by adherents and opponents. 

Sorrow, still nearer, has entered our own 
fold, in the very sudden death, on January 15th, 
of our beloved Historian General, Mrs. George 
Kuhn Clarke, whom we shall all greatly miss 
from these meetings of the Board and at 
the Congress. Just previous to the death of 
Mrs. Clarke we were shocked to learn of the 
death of one of our gifted ex-Vice Presidents 
General, Mrs. Truesdall, of Ohio. Then fol- 
lowed the death of Mr. A. Howard Clark, 
Judge Shackleford, Mr. Kent Hamilton, hus- 
bands of former officers of our National So- 
ciety, and the mothers of Mrs. Calhoun, Mrs. 
Reynolds and Mrs. Spencer. Our deep sym- 
pathy goes out to these, our sorrowing fellow 
officers, in their bereavements, as well as to all 
members of the Society who have been called 
upon to pass under the rod. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Sarah E. Guernsey, 
President General. 

The report was received with applause. 
Miss Crowell read her report as follows : 

Report of Recording Secretary General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management: 

The routine work in the office has gone 
forward as usual. The minutes of the regular 
Board meeting of October 17, and of the 
special meetings of November 22 and January 8, 
were duly turned over to the editor of the 
magazine and proof-read. Copies of the rulings 
were sent to all officers, and the notifications 
cards to the new members admitted by the 
Board at these several meetings were promptly 
mailed. The official notices, letters of sym- 
pathy, regret and condolence in connection with 
the meetings were duly sent out. 

Congress having voted to recommit the re- 
vision of the Constitution, promptly on receiv- 
ing from the Revision Committee the new 

draft of the proposed revision, the material was 
placed in the hands of the printer and the 
copies turned over to the Corresponding Secre- 
tary General to be mailed to the National 
Board of Management and the chapters within 
the time prescribed by the Constitution. 

All notices to members of the several Board 
meetings. Executive Committee meetings, and 
the meeting of Memorial Continental Hall 
Committee were sent out within the proper 

Certificates of membership have gone to all 
members admitted in October and November, 
aggregating 2003, and those for the January 
meeting are well under way. 

The by-laws of many chapters have been 
carefully gone over to see that they do not 
conflict with the National Constitution and 

Respectfully submitted, 

Emma L. Crowell, 
Recording Secretary General. 

Miss Crowell read also the following recom- 
mendations : 

Recommendations of Executive Committee 

November 22, 1918: That a temporary loan 
to pay current expenses, not to exceed $10,000, 
be authorized. 

February 3, 1919: The following increases 
in salaries, efifective November 1, 1918, Regis- 
trar General's Office : Miss Edith Sullivan, 
from $65 to $70 per month ; Miss Heinbuch, 
from $60 to $65 per month. Historian General's 
Office : Mrs. Brown, from $60 to $75 per month. 
Treasurer General's Office : Miss Scarborough, 
from $60 to $70 per month. 

That Miss Ardele Payne be employed as 
clerk for War Relief Service Committee, she 
to give the afternoon of each working day 
to the Committee at the compensation of $50 
per month. 

That Miss Hall be named as Clerk to the 
Curator General, she to divide her time be- 
tween the offices of Corresponding Secretary 
General and Curator General, at the compen- 
sation of $70 for December, 1918, and $75 per 
month from January 1, 1919. 

That Miss Jackson of the Corresponding 
Secretary General's office be given an increase 
in salary of $5 per month, effective December 
1, 1918. 

That Miss Bessie Bright be transferred from 
the office of the Registrar General to the 
Business Office, and made assistant clerk of the 
business office in charge of magazine work, her 
salary to be $85 per month. 

That Miss Alice E. Whittaker, who has 
been temporarily in the office of the Registrar 



General, be transferred to the office of the 
Librarian General, to fill the vacancy caused 
by the resignation of Miss Wilson, at a salary 
of $85 per month, she to have charge of the 
Block Certificate work and to assist the Inter- 
changeable Bureau of Lantern Slides and Lec- 
ture Committee, in addition to the work 
assigned her by the Librarian General. 

That the vacancy existing in the office of 
the Registrar General be filled under the usual 
rules with a clerk satisfactory to the Registrar 

That Aliss Fernald be paid $25 per month 
during January, February, March, and April, 
as Clerk of the Credential Committee. 

That rule No. 20 covering the compensation 
for special work be rescinded. 

The adoption of my report, together with the 
recojiinieiidatioiis of the Executive Committee 
as read, was moved by Miss Crowell, seconded 
by Miss Grace M. Pierce, and carried. 

Acknowledgments of letters of sympathy 
sent from the Board were read by Miss Crowell, 
who was requested also to write letters of 
sympathy to others referred to by members of 
the Board as having sufifered bereavement. 

Miss Grace M. Pierce read her report as 
Registrar General as follows : 

Report of Registrar General 

Madam President General, Members of the 
Board of Alanagement : 

I have the honor to report 515 applications 
presented to the Board and 584 supplemental 
papers verified ; permits issued for insignia 
1018, ancestral bars 253, and recognition pins 

Papers examined and not yet verified : Orig- 
inal, 85 ; supplemental, 56. Papers returned 
unverified: Original, 159; supplemental, 186. 
New records verified, 574. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Grace M. Pierce, 
Registrar General. 

The acceptance of my report, and that the 
Secretary be instructed to cast the ballot for 
the olo applicants for membership was moved 
by Miss Grace M. Pierce, seconded by Miss 
Crowell, and carried. The Recording Secretary 
General announced the casting of the ballot 
for the 515 applicants, and the President Gen- 
eral declared them elected to membership in 
the National Society. 

The President General introduced Mrs. Bur- 
leson, Vice Chairman of the War Relief Ser- 
vice Committee, who came before the Board 
in regard to a resolution adopted the day be- 
fore by the War Relief Service Committee as 

to sending a cablegram for more direct infor- 
mation about Tilloloy. Mrs. Burleson reported 
that she had succeeded in securing permission 
for the sending of the cablegram, and discussed 
the value to the project of a personal visit to 
Tilloloy by Mrs. Scott's daughter (Mrs. Vroo- 
man), accompanied, it was hoped, by Mme. 
Jusserand and Mrs. Lansing. Moved by Mrs. 
Howell, seconded by Mrs. Guthrie, and carried, 
that the Board of Management, N.S.D.A.R. 
give a rising vote of thanks to Mrs. Burleson 
for the service she has rendered the War Relief 
Service Committee in obtaining for them the 
permission to send a cablegram to Mrs. Carl 

Mrs. Fletcher read her report as Organizing 
Secretary General. 

Report of Organizing Secretary General 

Madam President General and Alembers of the 
National Board of Management: 

I wish to present the resignation of Mrs. 
Clark W. Heavner as State Vice Regent of 
West Virginia and ask you to confirm the elec- 
tion of Mrs. Robert J. Reed, of Wheeling, who 
was elected State Vice Regent to fill the unex- 
pired term of Mrs. Heavner. She was elected 
at the State Conference of West Virginia held 
in Wheeling, January 30-31. 

Through their respective State Regents the 
following members at large are presented for 
confirmation as Organizing Regents : Miss 
Orlean Maloney, Monticello, Ark. ; Mrs. Mary 
Buckner Giddings Rece, Sterling, Colo. ; Mrs. 
Elethea May Morse Adair, Nampa, Idaho ; 
Mrs. Lillian E. Longhead Burch, Rockwell City, 
la.; Mrs. Sara W. Lee-AIortimer, Boston, 
Mass. ; and Mrs. Nellie Blanchard Sabin, Sault 
Ste Marie, Mich. 

The National Board is asked to authorize a 
Chapter at Dardanelle, Arkansas. 

The resignation of Mrs. Edith M. Winslow 
as Organizing Regent of Sault Ste Marie, 
Alichigan, has been reported by her State 

The re-appointment of the following are 
requested by their respective State Regents : 
Mrs. Mary Ida Sipple Bromley, Sarasota, Mrs. 
Edna Ellis Robbins, West Palm Beach, and 
Mrs. I\Iinnie Moore Willson, Kissimmee, Fla. ; 
Mrs. Faith Dorsey Yow, Lavonia, Ga. : and 
Airs. Mary Sutton Pierce, Naples, New York. 

The Montezuma Chapter of Goldfield, Ne- 
vada, wishes to be officially disbanded. 

The following chapters have organized since 
the November 22 Board meeting: Carter Brax- 
ton at Baltimore, Md., and Mt. Pleasant at 
Pleasantville, New York. 


Officers' lists written for 125. Admitted membership January 8, 1919, 143,610. 

Officers' lists received, 510. Actual membership January 8, 1919, 105,150. 

Organizing Regents' commissions issued, 19. Respectfully submitted, 
Charters issued, 14. 

Permits for National Officers' insignia, 5. Anna Louise Fletcher, 

Permits for Regents' and ex-Regents' in- Organizing Secretary General. 
signia, 32. 

Chapter Regents' lists issued 13; 10 to The acceptance of my report was movtd by 

Mrs. Fletcher, seconded by Miss Fletcher, and 

Chairman of National Committees, and three 
sold by permission of the State Regents. 

The correspondence of the office has been 
attended to and also the additional work inci- Mrs. Johnston read her report as Treasurer 

dental to the Directory. General as follows : 

Report of Treasurer General 

Madam President General and Members of the National Board of Management : 

I herewith submit the following report of receipts and disbursements from October 1 
to December 31, 1918. 


Balance in Bank at last report, September 30, 1918 $4,307.89 


Annual dues, $6359; initiation fees, $1583; certificates, $4; copying 
lineage, ^.73; D.A.R. Report to Smithsonian Institution, $12.02; 
directory, $1.15; duplicate papers and lists, $92.25; electric current, 
$5 ; exchange. $.75 ; hand books. $36.85 ; index to Library books, 
$7.57; index to Lineage books, $5 ; interest, $100.61 ; lineage, $90.27; 
magazine — subscriptions, $2026.20; single copies, $44.65; advertise- 
ments, $1250.57; contribution, $10; proceedings, $3. 10; remembrance 
books, $2.17; rent from furniture, $3.96; ribbon, $3.68; rosettes, 
$.15; stationery, $6.76; sale of waste paper, $2.23; War Relief Ser- 
vice markers, $13.43 ; Refund of Lafayette birthday celebration, 
$21.94 ; Auditorium events, $110. Total receipts 11,797.04 

Notes Payable, National Metropolitan Bank 10,000.00 



Refunds : Annual dues, $373 ; initiation fees, $41 $414.00 

Organizing Secretary General: clerical service, $599; engrossing, $13; 
Regents' list, $96.65 ; cards, circulars, models and parchment, 
$202.38 911.03 

Recording Secretary General; clerical service, $580'; Committee and 
Officers' lists, $261.78; paper, $2.92; repairs to typewriter, $.25; 
telegrams, $2.01 846.96 

Certificate ; clerical service, $255 ; certificates, $151.33 ; engrossing, 
$158.88; tubes, seals and paper, $121.77; binding book, $8.70; 
postage, $180 875.68 

Corresponding Secretary General : clerical service, $395 ; envelopes and 

book, $12.30 ; stamp and repairs, $3.25 ; postage, $60 470.55 

Registrar General : clerical service, $2462.52 ; binding records, $24 ; 
cards, folders, pencils and permit books, $83.98; postage, $100; lists 
to Caldwell, $15 2,685.50 

Treasurer General: clerical service, $2540; book, blanks, cards and 

paper, $103.30; repairs to typewriter, $2; telegrams, $1.42 2,646.72 

Historian General ; clerical service, $507.50; repairs to typewriter, $.65. 508.15 

Director General C.R.S.I. : indexing 20th report, $25 ; blanks, $49.40. . . 74.40 

Librarian General: clerical service, $570; accessions, $111.18; book 
plates, cards and paper, $53.50; repairs to typewriter, $.70; tele- 
gram, $.30 735.68 


Curator General : clerical service, $70 ; cards, $7.25 $77.25 

General Office: clerical service, $315; clerical service, magazine, $80; 
messenger service, $87.50; postage and stamped envelopes, $134.64; 
supplies, $600.58; repairs, to bicycle, $7.50; telegram, $1.18; wreath, 

$10 1.236.40 V 

Committees: Building and Grounds— clerical service, $30; telegram, 
$1.35; Bureau of Lectures and Slides— clerical service, $5.55 ; slides, 
$57.20; Finance— clerical service, $30; Patriotic Education— 3 cups, 
U. S. Naval Academy, $174; War Relief— clerical service, $81.34; 
cards, circulars, paper, envelopes and printing, $197.40; postage, $3. 579.84 

Expense Continental Hall : employees' pay roll, $1527 ; electric current 
and gas, $36.16; 25 tons coal, $191.25 ; towel service, $8.86; repairs to 
roof and furnaces, $125.50; water rent, $2.36; supplies, $267.95; 

evergreens and seed, $110.50 ; hauling dirt and ashes, $6 2,275.58 

Printing Machine : printer, $117.50; supplies, $12.55 130.05 

Magazine: Committee: clerical service, $35.50; traveling expenses, 
$156.92; cards, envelopes, leaflets and paper, $88.19; postage, $41.55; 
repairs to typewriter, $2.10; telegrams, $7.15; Editor— salary, $450; 
patriotic articles and photos, $237 ; stationery and folders, $12.05 ; 
telegrams, $.70; copies of magazine, $9; Genealogical Editor — Ex- 
pense "Notes and Queries," $90; printing and mailing September, 

October and November issues, $3248.43 ; cuts, $364.43 4,743.02 

Auditing accounts 250.00 

Auditorium events : refund, $100; labor, rent of moving-picture machine 

and current, $48 148.00 

D.A.R. Reports : postage 7.00 

Furniture and Fixtures : electric fan and filing cabinets 151.00 

Hand Books : 5000 copies and print 1,001.50 

Interest .• 22.22 

Lineage : refund, $1 ; old copies, $44.50 ; postage, $20 65.50 

Proceedings : 2000 copies 1,990.60 

Remembrance Books: 2000 copies, $259.62; clerical service, $43.12; 

envelopes, $14 316.74 

State Regents' Postage 106.05 

Stationery 171.35 

Support of Real Daughters 712.00 

Telephone 96.19 

Twenty-eighth Congress : Credential Committee — circulars and blanks. 63.50 

Total disbursements $24,312.46 

Balance $1,792.47 

Balance in Bank at last report, September 30, 1918 $1,019.14 


Charter fees $40.00 

Life membership fees 150.00 

Continental Hall contributions 323.82 

Insignia 5.10 

* Liberty Loan contributions 12,169.56 

Liquidation and Endowment Fund 51.06 

Commission on Recognition Pins 91.70 

Interest, Chicago and Alton Bonds 45.00 

Rent from land 813.50 

Total receipts 13,689.74 


* $350.00 in U. S. Liberty Bonds contributed. 



Fourth a. S. Liberty Bonds $10,200.00 

Interest, notes payable 735.57 

Painting, Room, Cal 78.00 

Glass top for table, Room, Del 17.50 

Painting, Room, Iowa 98.00 

Electric fixtures, Room, N. J 25.50 

Chair and case. Museum 174.00 

Refund Continental Hall Contributions : 

Major L'Enfant Memorial Fund. D. C $50.00 

Handrail, Stairway, Vt 7.40 


Total disbursements $11,385.97 

Balance $3,322.91 

Petty Cash Fund $500.00 



Balance at last report, September 30, 1918 $2,267.94 

Interest 30.24 

Disbursements 2,298.18 


Balance at last report, September 30, 1918 $130.49 


Receipts $1,532.15 

Disbursements 1,532.15 

patriots' memorial d.a.r. school 
Balance at last report, September 30, 1918 12^.2)1 


Balance at last report, September 30, 1918 $3,264.54 

Receipts 51.87 

Interest 48.20 

Balance 3,364.61 


Balance at last report. September 30, 1918 182.00 


Receipts $33.00 

Disbursements 33.00 


Balance at last report, September 30, 1918 $17,152.33 

Receipts 30,844.44 


Disbursements $27,644.49 

Balance $20,352.28 

Total special funds .' $24,758.75 


Funds Bal. 9-30-18 Receipts Disbursements Bal. 12-31-18. 

Current 4,307.89 $21,797.04 $24,312.46 $1,792.47 

Permanent 1,019.14 13,689.74 11,385.97 3,322.91 

Petty Cash 500.00 500.00 

American International College 2,267.94 30.24 2,298.18 

Emily Nelson Ritchie McLean 130.49 130.49 

Patriotic Education 1,532.15 1,532.15 

Patriots' Memorial D.A.R. School 729.37 729.37 

Philippine Scholarship 3,264.54 100.07 3,364.61 

Preservation of Historic Spots 182.00 182.00 

Red Cross 33.00 33.00 

War Relief Service 17,152.33 30,844.44 27,644.49 20,352.28 

Totals $29,553.70 $68,026.68 $67,206.25 $30,374.15 


Balance, American Security and Trust Bank $3,322.91 

Balance, National Metropolitan Bank 26,551.22 

Petty cash (in Treasurer General's hands) 500.00 

Total $30,374.13 


Permanent Fund— Chicago and Alton Bonds $2,314.84 

Permanent Fund— Liberty Bonds 61,000.00 

Emily Nelson Ritchie McLean Fund— In Permanent Fund 1,517.79 

Philippine Scholarship Fund : 

In Permanent Fund $1,130.00 

In 4 per cent. Liberty Bonds 300.00 1,430.00 

Total Investments $66,262.63 


To American Security and Trust Company, covering Lots 4, 5, 6, 7 

and 11 (old) $22,158.93 

(Due $2000 February 23, 1919; $2000 February 23, 1920, and 
$18,158.93 February 23, 1921.) 

To American Security and Trust Company, covering Lots 23 to 28 

(old) 10,000.00 

(Due December 31, 1919.) 

To National Metropolitan Bank (new) for purchase of Lots 12 to 

16. No mortgage (due on demand) 38,000.00 

To National Aletropolitan Bank (new) Current Fund (due on de- 
mand) 10,000.00 

To Emily Nelson Ritchie McLean Fund (old) 1,517.79 

To Philippine Scholarship Fund (old) 1,130.00 

Total indebtedness $82,806.72 


(Mrs. Robert J.) AIary H. S. Johnston, 
Treasurer General 



Mrs. Pulsifer, as Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, read the report of that Committee. 

Report of Finance Committee 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 
During the months of October, November 
and December vouchers have been approved to 
the amount of $52,827.20, of which $27,811.31 
was expended for War Relief. The other large 
items were for : 

Clerical service $8,459.86 

Magazine 4,692.75 

Employees of Hall 1,824.50 

Patriotic Education 1,532.15 

Real Daughters 712.00 

Postage 632.69 

Respectfully submitted, 
(Mrs. Woodbury) Adelaide P. Pulsifer, 

Chairman, Finance Committee. 

A report of the Auditing Committee was 
read by Mrs. Talbott, Chairman. 

Report of Auditing Committee 

National Board of Management : 

The Auditing Committee has carefully ex- 
amined the report of the Treasurer General 
for the months of October, November and 
December, 1918, and has had the same checked 
up and audited by the American Audit Company 
and finds the same to agree and to be in proper 

Respectfully submitted. 

Bertha H. Talbott, 


The adoption of my report was moved by 
Mrs. Talbott, seconded by Mrs. Cook, and 

The Treasurer General reported total num- 
ber of members deceased since last meeting, 63 ; 
resigned, 35 ; dropped, 992 ; reinstated, 24. 
There being no objection, the Recording Secre- 
tary General cast the ballot for the reinstate- 
ment of the 24 persons, and the President 
General declared them reinstated in the Society. 

The following recommendations were pre- 
sented by the Treasurer General : 

Recommendations of Treasurer General 

I recommend that after the $2000 due Feb- 
ruary 23 is paid that the next amounts paid on 
the permanent fund debt be vi::.: 

1. The amount due Philippine Scholarship 
Fund, $1130, and that the entire amount in 

said fund be invested in the next issue of 
Liberty Bonds. 

2. The amount due Emily Nelson Ritchie Mc- 
Lean Fund, $1517.79, I also recommend that the 
status of this Fund be investigated to ascertain 
if the same may be used for any purpose, and 
if it may not be, that the entire amount be in- 
vested in Liberty Bonds of the next issue. 

3. I recommend that the Treasurer General 
be authorized to transfer to the Permanent 
Fund — such an amount as she may deem advisa- 
ble — the same to be applied on the indebtedness 
due from the Permanent Fund. 

4. Owing to the fact that our Safety Deposit 
Box is too small to hold all the valuable papers 
belonging to the Society, I recommend that 
authority be given for the renting of a larger 

Respectfully submitted, 

Mary H. S. Johnston, 

Treasurer General. 

After some discussion it was moved by Mrs. 
Reynolds, seconded by Miss Elisabeth F. Pierce, 
and carried, that Recommendation No. 1 of the 
Treasurer General be accepted. Miss Elisabeth 
F. Pierce also moved the adoption of Recom- 
mendation of Treasurer General (as stated by 
her) that the Emily Nelson Ritchie McLean 
Lecture Fund be invested in Liberty Bonds. 
Seconded by Mrs. Talbott and carried. After 
the explanation had been made that on account 
of holding the February Board meeting so early 
in the month it was impossible for the Treas- 
urer General to know exactly how much might 
be spared to transfer to the permanent fund, 
the adoption of Recommendation No. 3 was 
moved by Miss Grace M. Pierce, seconded by 
Mrs. Buel, and carried. Moved by Mrs. Rey- 
nolds, seconded by Miss Serpell, and carried, 
that a larger box be secured at the safety box 
deposit for the use of the N.S.D.A.R. 

The Recording Secretary General read a 
brief report from the chief clerk of the His- 
torian General's office, giving the progress of 
the work on the Lineage Book to date. Moved 
by Mrs. Harris, seconded by Mrs. Pulsifer, and 
carried, that the report of zvork done in His- 
torian General's office be accepted. 

The President General appointed the follow- 
ing committee to draw up appropriate resolu- 
tions on the death of the Historian General 
to present to the Board before adjourning; 
Miss Elisabeth F. Pierce, Chairman, Mrs. 
Pulsifer, and Mrs. Talbott. 

The following report of the Librarian Gen- 
eral was read by the Recording Secretary Gen- 
eral, who followed the usual custom of reading 
only the totals : 



Report of Librarian General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board : 

Accept greetings for the New Year from 
sunny California and my regret that I cannot 
be with you for this Board meeting. 

Although three thousand miles away, Miss 
Griggs keeps me supplied with lists of books 
needed, and I do my usual amount of writing 
to secure in some way volumes for the library. 
In my October report a list was given of the 
States that had elected Librarians. In some 
unaccountable way, Michigan was omitted from 
that list, although one of the first to respond 
to my request. Michigan, I humbly apologize. 

Since October the following additions have 
been made to the library : 


History of Holden, Mass., 1684-i89Jf. By 
David Foster Estes. Worcester, 1894. Pre- 
sented by Capt. John Webb Chapter. 

History of Martha's Vineyard. By Charles 
Edward Banks, 2 volumes. Boston, 1911. 
Presented by Martha's Vineyard Chapter. 

History of the Midzvay Congregational 
Church, Liberty Co., Georgia. By James Stacy. 
Newnan, 1899. Presented by the Georgia 
" Daughters." 

History of Pittsfield, Mass., 1876-1916. By 
Edward Boltwood. Pittsfield, 1916. Presented 
by the Peace Party Chapter. 

Early Records of the town of Providence, 
R. I., volumes 19 and 20. Presented by the 
City Sergeant of Providence, through Miss 
Lucy Sweet. 

History of Clinch County, Ga. By Folks 
Huxford. Macon, 1916. Presented by the 
Georgia " Daughters." 

Memorial of the 100th anniversary of the 
town of Middlefield, Mass., 1883. Presented 
by Mrs. M. T. L. Gross. 

Annals of Mcndon, Mass., 1659-1880. By 
John G. Mendon. Presented by the Old Men- 
don Chapter. 

Chronicles of Cape Fear River, N. C. By 
James Sprunt. Raleigh, 1916. Presented by the 

History of the town of Andover, N. H., 
By John R. Eastman, Concord, 1900. 

History of the toivn of Mason, N. H. By 
John B. Hall, Boston, 1858. 

History of the town of Jaffrey, N. H. By 
Daniel B. Cutter. Concord, 1881. 

History of Charlestown, N. H. By H. H. 
Saunderson. Claremont, 1876. 

The last four volumes purchased from the 
Animon fund. 

Rushford, N. Y., and Rushford People. By 

Helen J. W. Gilbert, 1910. Presented by Mrs. 
James M. Fowler, Librarian General. 

Augusta County, Virginia. By Boutwell 
Dunlap. Frankfort, 1918. Presented by the 
Kentucky State Historical Society. 

Spafford, Onondaga Co., New York. By 
George Knapp Collins, 1917. Presented by the 
author through his daughter, Mrs. Helen Col- 
lins Megrew. 

Twenty years at Pemaquid, Maine, Sketches 
of its history and its remains. By J. Henry 
Cartland, 1914. Presented by the Frances 
Dighton Williams Chapter. 

History of the First Presbyterian Church, 
Carlisle, Pa. By Conway P. Wing. Carlisle, 
1881. Presented by the Cumberland County 

Early History of Jackson County, Ga. By 
G. J. N. Wilson. Atlanta, n.d. Presented by 
Mrs. Cliff Ward. 

Bottle Hill and Madison, N. J. By William 
Parkhurst Tuttle. Madison, 1916. Presented 
by Miss Gertrude Tuttle in memory of her 
father, the author. 

History of town of Wellesley, Mass. By 
Joseph E. Fiske. Boston, 1917. Presented by 
Mrs. Mary E. Guthrie, Regent Old North 

Pioneer History of Medina County, Ohio. By 
N. B. Northrup, Medina, 1861. 

Silas Woods' Sketches of town of Hunting- 
ton, L. I. Edited by W. S. Pelletreau, N. Y., 

Pioneer History of Clarksfield, Ohio. By 
P. E. Weeks. Clarksfield, 1908. 

History of Franklin Co., Ky. Frankfort, 

History of East Boston, Mass. By W. H. 
Sumner. Boston, 1858. Presented by Gen. 
Benjamin Lincoln Chapter. 

Pilgrim Memorial and Guide to Plymouth. 
By William S. Russell. Boston, 1855. Pre- 
sented by Miss Louisa E. Samson. 

Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown, 
Mass. 1629-1818. By Thomas B. Wyman, 
Boston, 1879. 2 volumes. 

Births, marriages and deaths, town of Mai- 
den, Mass., 16^9-1850. By Deloraine P. Corey. 
Cambridge, 1903. The last three volumes pre- 
sented by Hannah Winthrop Chapter. 

Story of Natick, Mass., 1856. By Oliver 
N. Bacon. Boston, 1856. Presented by Natick 

History of town of Oxford, Mass. By 
George P. Daniels, Oxford, 1882. Presented by 
Gen. Ebenezer Learned Chapter. 

History of town of New London, N. H. 
By Myra B. Lord, Concord, 1899. 

Vital Records of Stoneham, Mass. Salem, 



Vital Records of Carlisle, Mass. Salem, 

Vital Records of New Ashford. Mass. Bos- 
ton, 1916. 

Vital Records of West Ncivhurv, Mass. 
Salem, 1918. 

Barloiv Genealogy — Ancestry and descend- 
ants of Jonathan Barloiv and Plain Rogers of 
Delaivare County, Nezv York. By George Bar- 
low, New York, 1891. 

Bromley Genealogy, being records of de- 
scendants of Luke Bromley. Bv Viola A. 
Bromley, New York, 1911. 

Bellozi's Genealogy. By Thomas Bellows 
Peck. Keene, 1898. 

History, Genealogical and Biographical, of 
the Eaton Families. By Nellie Zada Rice 
Molyneux. Syracuse, 1911. 

IVentworth genealogy; English and Amer- 
ican. By John Wentworth. 3 volumes. Bos- 
ton, 1878. The last seven volumes presented 
by Mrs. James M. Fowler, Librarian General. 

Genealogy of the Brownings in America. 
By Edward F. Browning. Newburgh, 1908. 

The Rehoboth branch of the Carpenter fam- 
ily. By Amos B. Carpenter. Amherst, 1898. 

Descendants of Robert Francis of Wethers- 
field. Conn. By Charles E. Francis, New 
Haven, 1906. Presented by Miss Mary Francis. 

Gordons in Virginia. By Armistead Gordon. 
New York, 1918. 

Montgomery Family Magazine, Vol. 1. New 
York, 1915-1916. Presented by William 

History of the Reed family in Europe and 
America. By Jacob W. Reed. Boston, 1861. 
Presented by Mrs. Mary Reed Goodhue. 

Reminiscences and genealogical record of the 
Vaughan family of Nezv Hampshire. By 
George E. Hodgdon. Rochester, 1918. Pre- 
sented by the author. 

Historical genealogical register of John 
Wing of Sandwich, Mass., and his descend- 
ants. By Conway P. Wing. Carlisle, 1881. 
Presented by Cumberland County Chapter. 

Gen. John Glover and his Marblehead Regi- 
ment in the Revolutionary War. By Nathan 
P. Sanborn, Marblehead, 1903. Presented by 
Brig. Gen. John Glover Chapter. 

A Diplomat's Helpmate. Hozv Rose F. 
Foote, zvife of the first United States Minister 
and Envoy Extraordinary to Korea, served 
her country in the Far East. By Mary V. 
Tingley Lawrence. San Francisco, 1918. Pre- 
sented by the author. 

Portrait and Biographical Record of tlic 
6th Congressional District of Maryland. New 
York, 1898. Presented by Mrs. William H. 

Genealogy, a Journal of American Ancestry. 

Edited by William M. Clemens. Vols. 6-7. 
New York, 1916-1917. 

Publications of the American Jewish His- 
torical Association. Vol. 26. Baltimore, 1918. 
Presented by the Society. 

Report of the American Scenic and Historic 
Preservation Society. Vol. 23. Albany, 1918. 
Presented by the Society. 

National Year Book of the National Society 
Sons of the American Revolution. Washing- 
ton, D. C, 1918. 

Historical sketches of Franklin County, Nezv 
York and its several tozvns. By Frederick J. 
Seaver. Albany, 1918. Presented by Adiron- 
dack Chapter. 

History of Rumford, Oxford Co., Maine 
1779-1890. By William B. Lapham. Augusta,' 
1890. Presented by Oberlin Chapter. 

History of Rehoboth, Mass. Its history for 
275 years, 1643-1918^ in which is incorporated 
the vital parts of the original history of the 
town published in 1836 and written by Leonard 
Bliss, Jr. By George H. Tilton, Boston, 1918. 
Presented by the author through Miss Lucy 

Ladies' Repository. Boston, 1856-1858^ vols. 
25, 27. Presented by Miss Alvira Hathaway 
through the Iowa, D.A.R. State Librarian. 

Proceedings of the 27th Continental Con- 
gress, N.S.D.A.R.. April 15-20, 1918. Wash- 
ington, D. C, 1918. Presented by the Society. 

Private Journal kept during a portion of the 
Revolutionary War, for the amusement of a 
sister. By Margaret Morris, of Burlington, 
New Jersey. Philadelphia, 1836. Presented 
by Mary Isabella James Gozzaldi. 

My Beloved Country. By Isabella Remshart 
Redding. Savannah, 1918. Presented by 
author through D.A.R. State Librarian of 

The Firelands Pioneer. Vol. 20, Norwalk. 
Ohio, 1918. Presented by John Laylin. 

Proceedings of the 20th (War) Conference 
of the Georgia Chapters, N.S.D.A.R. 

Proceedings of the 19th Annual Conference 
of the lozva, D.A.R. 

J^alley Forge, a Chronicle of American Hero- 
ism. By Frank H. Taylor, 1916. 

Historical and Topographical Guide to Valley 
Forge. By W. Herbert Burk. Norristown, 
1916. The last two presented by Miss Natalie 
Sumner Lincoln. 

The Corzvin (Curzvin, Curzven, Corzvine) 
genealogy in the United States. By E. T. 
Corwin. " New York, 1872. 

Gillson and Jillson family. By David Jillson. 

Genealogical and Biographical sketches of 
the Nezv Jersey Harris family. By Mrs. S. J. 
H. Keifer, 1888. 



Lake family of Great Egg Harbor in Old 
Gloucester Co., in Nezv Jersey. By Arthur 
Adams and Sarah A. Risley. 1915. 

Descendants of Major Samuel Laurence of 
Groton, Mass. By R. M. Lawrence. 1904. 

Plumer Genealogy. Francis Plumer, of New- 
bury, Mass., and some of his descendants. By 
Sidney Perley. Salem, 1917. 

Records of the name Raivlins or Rollins in 
the United States. By John R. Rawlins. 1874. 

Shuey family in America, 1732-1876. By D. 
B. Shuey. 1876. 

The Hull family in America. By Col. Wey- 

Spalding Memorial; a genealogical history 
of Edzvard Spalding of Massachusetts Bay and 
his descendants. By S. J. Spalding, 1872. The 
last ten volumes presented by the Librarian 
General, Mrs. James M. Fowler. 

History of Fitzwilliam, N. H., 1752-1887. 
By John F. Norton, New York. 1888. 

History of Raymond, N. H. By Joseph Ful- 
lerton. Dover, 1875. 

History of Richmond, N. H. By William 
Bassett. Boston, 1884. 

Life of Joseph Brant, Thayendanegea, in- 
cluding the Border Wars of the Revolution. 
By William L. Stone. New York, 1838. Two 

Life of George Washington. By Washing- 
ton Irving. 5 volumes. New York, 1856-1862. 

The last seven volumes were presented by 
the Philadelphia Chapter. 

History of the Brigham family. By W. L. 
Tyler Brigham. Edited by Emma E. Brigham. 
New York, 1907. 

Index to the Abstracts of Wills and Marriage 
Bonds contained in volume 1 of the North 
Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register. 
Compiled and presented by Mrs. Gaius Brum- 
Isaugh. Typewritten. 

History of Block Island, R. I., 15L'i-lS76, 
By S. T. Livermore. Hartford, 1877. 

History of Woonsocket. By E. Richardson. 
Woonsocket, 1876. 

History of Bristol, R. I. The Story of the 
Mount Hope Lands. By Wilfred H. Munro. 
Providence, 1880. 

Gleanings from Parker records 1271-1893. 
By William Thornton Parker. Haverhill, 1894. 

The Peaslecs and others of Haverhill and 
■vicinity. By E. A. Kimball. Haverhill, 1899. 
The last five volumes presented by the Rhode 
Island D.A.R. Book Committee. 


Ancestry of Miss Lydia D. Peck of Attle- 
boro Chapter. By Amelia Daggett Sheffield; 
■typewritten. Presented by Miss Lucy C. Sweet. 

Descendants of Benjamin Pitman — zvith his 

ancestry to John Pit}nan of Rhode Island. 
By Charles M. Thuston, 1868, continued 1915 
by Theophilus T. Pitman. 

Richard Seymour of Hartford and Nortvalk, 
Conn., and some of his descendants. By Sey- 
mour Morris. Presented by the author. 

Inscriptions from East Groton and Gibbs, 
Nezv York, cemeteries, zvith names of the first 
members and list of Elders of the Presbyterian 
Church of Ithaca, Nezv York. Copied and pre- 
sented by Mrs. Dora P. Worden. 

Sketch of the life of Gen. John Burrozvs of 
Lycoming Co., Pa., by himself. Presented by 
N. B. Bubb through K. D. Burrows. 

Stezvart's Genealogical and Historical Miscel- 
lany. By Frank H. Stewart, Nos. 1 and 2. 
Presented by the compiler. 

Records from family and church cemeteries 
of Jackson and Gloster Parishes and Shreve- 
port. La. Typewritten records from the bibles 
of Shreveport and vicinity families. Typewrit- 
ten. The last two copied and presented by 
Carrie Avery White. 

History of Mays Lick Baptist Church. By 
Z. T. Cody. Presented by Mrs. Wallis Mathews. 

Song Book of the covimandery of the State 
of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, 1918. Pre- 
sented by Col. John P. Nicholson. 

Record of Proceedings of Idaho Daughters 
of the American Revolution. 1904-1918. Pre- 
sented by Mrs. C. W. Pursell. 

Family Records; a collection- of mounted 
nczvspapcr and manuscript genealogical data. 
Compiled and presented by Mrs. G. E. Lamb, 
and Mrs. G. W. Ripley. 


Daughters of the American Revolution 
Magazine November, December, January, 

Genealogy, January. 

Illinois State Historical Society Journal, 

Louisiana Historical Quarterly, April. 

Maryland Historical Magazine, December. 

Michigan History Magazine, October. 

National Genealogical Society Quarterly, 

Nezv England Historical and Genealogical 
Register, October. 

Nezv York Genealogical and Biographical 
Record, October. 

Nezv York Historical Society Quarterly, 

Nezv York Public Library Bulletin, Novem- 
ber, December. 

Nezvport Historical Society Bulletin, Oc- 

Nezvs-Letter. N.S.U.S.D. of 1812. 

South Carolina Historical Magazine, July. 



Sprague's Journal of Maine History, Nos. 2 
and 3, Vol. (>. 

Virginia Maga::ine of History and Biogra- 
phy, October. 

Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine, 

The above list comprises 102 books, 13 
pamphlets, and 22 periodicals. Eighty-five 
books were presented, 4 received in exchange 
and 13 were were purchased. The 13 pamph- 
lets were presented. 

Respectfully submitted, 

(Mrs. James W.) Eva Gross Fowler, 

Librarian General. 

The adoption of the report of the Librarian 
General was moved by Miss Crowell, seconded 
by Miss Grace M. Pierce, and carried. 

Miss Barlow read her report as Curator Gen- 
eral and as Chairman of Revolutionary Relics 

Report of Curator General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 

I have the honor to report on the progress in 
the work of the Museum during the past four 

The members of the Revolutionary Relics 
Committee are responding to the requirements 
of their offices, and now that the hostilities of 
War are over, there is every probability of a 
greater interest in collecting articles for the 

The need of chairs for the Museum is most 
urgent — to furnish the room properly there 
should be twenty (20) ; at present four (4) 
have been donated, three have been previously 

During the month of October the State Con- 
ference of Michigan donated a chair in honor 
of Mrs. Lucius E. Holland (Jennie Choate), 
State Treasurer, 1914-1918. 

In November the State Conference of Vir- 
ginia donated a Wall Cabinet in honor of Miss 
Alethea Serpell, the retiring State Regent. 

The Society of Kentucky Women of New 
York, Mrs. Bedell Parker president, has pre- 
sented a fine tall clock to the Kentucky room, 
through Mrs. Alfred Cochran, Vice Chairman 
Revolutionary Relics Committee. 

A table used by General Nathaniel Green 
while Commissary General, at the Battle of 
Monmouth, 1778, presented by his grand-niece, 
Mrs. Rachel A. Beckley, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

The following accessions have been received: 

Massachusetts (Mrs. Frank H. Warren, State 
Chairman). — Perfume bottle of amber sand- 
wich glass, presented by Mrs. Frank D. Ellison. 
Staffordshire, blue and white bowl, presented by 
Mrs. Lora E. Hadley. Glass cup plate, unusual 
design, presented by Mrs. Frank H. Warren. 

Silk Badge, bearing a miniature of Lafayette, 
and used during his visit to this country in 
1824, presented by Miss F. Josephine Ellis. 
Silver teaspoon, presented by Mrs. E. C. Brown. 
Silver teaspoon, presented by Mrs. Albert Bliss. 
Pocketbook, presented by Mrs. L. W. Jenkin. 
Prayer Book, printed in 1735, presented by 
Mrs. Edward E. Synge. 

Nebraska. — A pair of knee buckles, brilliants 
set in silver. One small breast pin, brilliants set 
in silver. Eight dessert spoons. One sugar tongs. 
One teaspoon. A pair of salt spoons. One white 
silk needle book. One string of fine black beads. 
One crochet hook. Silhouette in gilt frame. 
Copy of miniature. Christening robe of stuffed 
raised embroidery — these articles represent 
Yardley How, Clayton, Borden and Woodruff 
families, and were presented by their descend- 
ant, Mrs. J. J. Stubbs, Omaha, throvigh Mrs. 
Charles H. Aull, Vice President General, 

New Jersey (Mrs. William C. Mulford, State 
Chairman). — Powder horn, presented by Mrs. 
Humphrey Swain. Gray cloth cushion worked 
in wool, in gay colors, presented by Miss 
Juliette More. 

Maine (Miss Jessica J. Haskell, State Chair- 
man). — Fluted bowl of old blue glass, pre- 
sented by Miss Mary E. L. Hall. Fireside bel- 
lows, decoration of bronze lustre, presented by 
Mrs. Woodbury Pulsifer. 

District of ColiDiibia (Miss Dorinda Rogers, 
State Chairman). — One Stiegel tall salt cellar, 
presented by Miss Fannie Fisher. Quill Holder 
of old blue glass, presented by Miss Hilda 

Indiana (Mrs. John Lee Dinwiddie, State 
Chairman). — One Shoe Buckle, brilliants set in 
silver, pointed ends, donated by Mrs. George 
T. Tuttle, from the collection in the old Delord 
Mansion, near Plattsburg, New York. One 
shoe buckle, brilliants set in silver, rounded 
ends, donated by Mrs. George T. Tuttle, from 
the collection in the old Delord Mansion, near 
Plattsburg, New York. 

Respectfully submitted, 
Catherine Brittin Barlow, 

Curator General. 

The adoption of my report was moved by 
Miss Barlow, seconded by Miss Crowell, and 

As Custodian of Flags, Miss Barlow read 
also the following report : 

Report of Custodian of Flags 

As Custodian of Flags, I have the pleasure 
to report on the silk flag sent by the National 
Society Daughters of the American Revolution 
to the women of Islay, Scotland, in recognition 
of their kind offices to the American soldiers 



who lost their lives by the torpedoing of the 
S.S. Tuscan ia. 

The silk American flag was approved by the 
Board of Management at the meeting in June, 
and it was delivered to the State Department in 
July. The Flag was consigned to Mr. Hugh 
Morrison, and from him have been received 
two letters, expressing the appreciation of the 
women who made the flag used at the burial 
services at Islay. 

Two flags, for day service on Memorial Con- 
tinental Hall, have been purchased from the 
proceeds of the sale of first flag pole gavels. 

The two silk flags used during the session of 
the Board of Management presented by Mrs. 
Theodore C. Bates in 1910, Honorary Vice 
President General of Massachusetts, have been 
replaced by new ones, an additional evidence 
of Mrs. Bates' generosity. 

Catherine Brittin Barlow, 

Custodian of Flags. 

A vote of thanks to Mrs. Theodore Bates 
for replacing worn flags in Board Room was 
moved by Mrs. Minor, seconded by Mrs. Tal- 
bott, and carried. By request of members of 
the Board, the letters from Mr. Morrison were 
read and the pictures taken in Islay shown, 
and the statement made that these would be 
filed in the Museum. 

Mrs. Pulsifer read her report as Correspond- 
ing Secretary General. 

Report of Corresponding Secretary General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 

Since our meeting in October the following 
supplies have been issued from my office : 

Application Blanks 11,622 

Leaflets " How to Become a Member ". . 1,044 

Leaflets of General Information 1,134 

Transfer Cards 846 

Constitutions 260 

Ten hundred and twenty-nine letters have been 
received and nine hundred and nine answered. 

It has been our custom until a short time 
ago to include with the application blanks a 
copy of the Constitution and By-laws, and 
to forward upon request any number of copies 
which the chapters might ask for. Inasmuch 
as the Constitution is to be revised at this 
next congress, and as our supply of Constitu- 
tions containing the amendments adopted since 
the present edition was printed is low, it has 
been thought best to limit the number sent out, 
explaining to the chapters when we did so the 
necessity of this curtailment. 

Copies of the Proposed Revision to the Con- 
stitution have been mailed to the National 

Board of Management and to the different 
chapters, making nearly 1800 copies in all. 

I was very much pleased and interested to 
receive a letter from a distinguished French- 
woman, whose great great grandfather fought 
under Lafayette in our war of Independence, 
and who expressed a desire to become one of 
our members. This request typifies the wide- 
spread interest in our organization, and it was 
with real pleasure that we responded to it by 
sending her the necessary blanks and literature. 

Miss Mary E. L. Hall, who for more than a 
year has been employed in my office as second 
clerk, has been transferred to the office of the 
Curator General with the understanding that 
she give a portion of her time to the work of 
the Corresponding Secretary General's office. 

Respectfully submitted, 
(Mrs. Woodbury) Adelaide P. Pulsifer, 

Corresponding Secretary General. 

There being no objection, the report was 
accepted. The Corresponding Secretary Gen- 
eral also read letters of sympathy from various 
chapters to the Board on the death of the 
Historian General. 

Miss Crowell, in an informal report of the 
work of the Printing Committee, spoke of the 
new hand-books of the Hall, which it was hoped 
the members of the Board would be interested 
in and would take some of them home to show 
to their members. The supply of the old books 
having been exhausted, the new one had been 
issued. While the bill might seem excessive the 
books were no expense to the Society, but 
showed, on the contrary, a slight profit. 

Mrs. Minor gave the following report as 
Chairman of the Alagazine Committee : 

Report of Magazine Committee 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 

Your Chairman reports the carrying out of 
the regular routine work of the business of the 

Our publishers, J. B. Lippincott Company, 
are doing their work satisfactorily, fulfiling 
their contract according to agreement — pro- 
ducing a magazine on good paper — good to look 
at, good to feel, and with good illustrations. 

Miss Lincoln, our Editor, is tireless in her en- 
deavor to obtain good articles and poems by 
both new and also well-known writers and has 
succeeded in making us proud of the literary 
value of our magazine — while the reports of 
Board meetings. Committee meetings, State 
Conferences and Chapter activities have been 
of unusual interest. 

No Daughter can afford to miss the page of 



Comments by our President General — it con- 
tains a message to every member of our organ- 
ization. To receive these messages telling of 
our work and our aims is alone worth the price 
of the magazine, $1 per year, or only 8'/<3 cents 
per copy. 

Mrs. Hodges, our Genealogical Editor, is 
carrying on her department faithfully, helping 
many Daughters find lost ancestors. 

Although the amount of advertising is not 
as much as we wish, your Chairman was able 
to send about November 1 to the Treasurer 
General, a check from the J. B. Lippincott Com- 
pany, who have charge of the department, the 
sum of $1210.57 for advertising from April 1, 
1918, to October 24, 1918— there was at that 
time still due $278.76 which Lippincott assured 
your Chairman were good accounts and would 
be paid in time. 

Our total subscribers to date are 8246. There 
were expirations in January amounting to 243 — 
in February there will be 204 — and in March 
343. We had 703 renewals and new subscribers 
in December and 883 in January. 

Your Chairman has visited the State Confer- 
ences of Massachusetts, New Hampshire, 
Michigan, Indiana, Pennsylvania and West 
Virginia, besides many chapters in other states 
and in Connecticut, speaking in the interests 
of the magazine, trying to create a new inter- 
est in it and to increase the subscriptions. She 
has also visited our publishers in the interests 
of our business and has taken up the matter 
of advertising with several firms with whom 
our Society does much business, endeavoring 
to procure advertisements. 

In the February iiiagaciiic. wliicli is just out. 
we have published an Honor Roll for the 
magazine, which we want to continue each 
month, thus showing the membership and num- 
ber of subscribers in each state. There every 
State Regent may find just how her state stands 
magazine-wise. New York state has the dis- 
tinction this month of being the banner state 
on subscriptions, having 946 — about 100 more 
than Connecticut, but as Connecticut has but 
5233 members while New York has 12,575 — 
Connecticut has the largest ratio. 

Only 8246 women out of a total membership 
of over 100,000 women, take their society's own 
organ, dedicated to past history and present- 
day patriotism. 

Your Chairman knows that splendid work 
has been done by State and Chapter Chairmen 
all over the country and we have more sub- 
scribers now than we had at this time last year, 
but the result will be disappointing if no more 
are obtained out of our large and growing 
membership. She suggests to State and Chap- 
ter Regents that a special effort be made to 

appeal to every new member at the time when 
she enters the Society, when the interest which 
impelled her to join is still fresh and she 
would be as likely to want the Society's maga- 
zine as she would its certificate and insignia. 
Suggestions from State Regents would also be 
welcomed by your Chairman as to the best 
method of reaching the membership in her 
state or catering to its needs in the kind of 
articles published. 

Our magazine is on the road to success, but 
we must keep driving along, else we can not 
reach the goal of self support. 

Anne Rogers Minor. 

The acceptance of my report was moved by 
Mrs. Minor, seconded by Mrs. Harris and 

Miss Lincoln made an informal report as 
Editor of the JMagazine, mentioning some of 
the articles and their writers which have ap- 
peared in recent numbers, and told of the 
promising features that would be brought out 
in future issues, and of the attention the Maga- 
zine has been attracting in oftkial circles. Her 
report was received with applause. 

Miss Grace M. Pierce read her report as 
Chairman of Building and Grounds Committee. 

Report of Building and Grounds Committee 

During the past four months the Building 
and Grounds Committee has held its regular 
monthly meetings. Both the building and 
grounds are at the present time in excellent 
condition, the only exception being the roof, 
our ever-present trouble, which is being kept in 
temporary repair by the Superintendent, the 
permanent repairs being at present prohibitive 
on account of the high cost of labor and 

During these past months the Board may be 
interested to know that the lawn in the rear 
of our Hall was the scene of the presentation 
of a loving cup to Air. Bernard Baruch by the 
employees of the War Industries Board, and 
the rear of our building appears as the back- 
ground in the moving pictures of this event. 
Our auditorium has also been the scene of the 
presentation of War Service medals to the 
employees of the Red Cross Society. 

Several letters have been received from offi- 
cers of the Red Cross expressing great appre- 
ciation of assistance rendered to that organiza- 
tion by our Society. In a letter from Miss 
Mabel Boardman, dated November 13. 1918, 
she writes : " You have always been so kind, 
and I can't tell you how much we appreciate 
the help that the Daughters of the American 
Revolution have been to us." 

Two events of a more serious nature have 



occurred which should cause us to take up the 
consideration of providing adequate protection 
for the windows and doors opening upon the 
north and south porticos, and in regard to 
the use of our auditorium by other than our 
own organization. The members of this Board 
will recall that in her first address before 
this Board as President General in April, 
1917, Mrs. Guernsey called attention to the 
necessity for suitable iron grills at the portico 
doors and windows for the protection of our 
Memorial Continental Hall and its contents. 
In accordance with this suggestion, the Build- 
ing and Grounds Committee submitted to the 
following Board Meeting in June designs for 
such grills. As our country was just then 
entering into the world war it was not deemed 
advisable to enter into such additional expense 
at that time, and no action was taken in the 

On the night of December 16, while the in- 
side watchman was making his required rounds 
of the building and the outside watchman 
was on duty on another side of the building, 
an entrance was efifected into the building from 
the outside by shattering one of the small 
panes of glass in one of the doors of the 
museum. The intruder made a hurried search 
of the museum and desks of the Treasurer 
General's office, but apparently carried nothing 
away with him. While the visit has caused 
a change of plan in the inside watching of the 
building, there still remains the necessity for 
additional protection as first recommended. 

The second instance referred to is that after 
a recent government war service event held in 
the auditorium, at which women as well as 
men were included among the speakers and the 
audience, a quantity of cigarette and cigar stubs 
were found scattered about the floor or laid 
up on the mouldings, some of them still 
" alive." Had it not been for the prompt in- 
spection of the auditorium and galleries by the 
Superintendent and his assistants, we might 
have had a serious experience. 

The securing of employees for the care of 
the building still remains a difficult issue to 
meet. Shortly after the October meeting the 
head janitor resigned, and later the second 
janitor was promoted to that position. On 
the recommendation of the Superintendent, 
your Committee recommends that this present 
head janitor, Michael Dawson, be given an 
advance in salary from sixty to seventy dollars 
per month. The Superintendent also recom- 
mends that this increase date from November 
fifteenth. We also recommend, at the request of 
the Superintendent, that Frank Chutterback be 
placed on the permanent roll at $60 per month, 
also to date from November fifteenth. This 

still leaves us short of our regular force in the 
number of house employees, and even with our 
full quota it may be of interest to the members 
of the Board to know that in proportion to size 
of the building, floor space, etc., to be covered 
and cared for, the upkeep of our building is 
costing less than for any of the neighboring 
buildings of the same grade. 

Your Committee also recommends at the re- 
quest of the Superintendent, the purchase of a 
small hand vacuum cleaner to be used in the 
daily care of the rugs and floors. This will 
facilitate the work and save the rugs from 
much of the present wear in cleaning. 

Late in October a request came to the Com- 
mittee from the Editor of the Alagazine for 
a filing cabinet suitable for photographs, papers, 
etc., similar to the one then in use in the office 
of the Recording Secretary General. An exam- 
ination of the records showed that this filing 
case in the office of the Recording Secretary 
General had been purchased by the National 
Society and not by the State of New York, 
and was therefore independent of the State fur- 
nishings of that room, and furthermore as it 
did not harmonize with the furniture of that 
room, and a smaller case would meet the needs 
of the Recording Secretary General : it was 
thought advisable to secure a new filing case 
for the office of the Recording Secretary Gen- 
eral and transfer the one then in use by that 
office to the Editor's office. Usually it has 
required three or four months for the delivery 
of an order of this kind from the factory, but 
a cabinet was found in stock, the immediate 
delivery of which saved an advance in price 
which went into effect November 1, and served 
the convenience of the two offices. Your Com- 
mittee, therefore, asks the confirmation by this 
Board of this purchase. 

Tennessee has had its room occupied by the 
Treasurer General repainted and decorated. 

The Building and Grounds Committee has 
submitted to the Art Committee, and secured 
therefrom a decision on several works of art 
sent to us, the Art Committee in its decision, 
however, offering a suggestion that on account 
of the character of our building and of the 
limited wall space, in future pictures should 
be restricted to scenes from American History. 
This report and its suggestion has been placed 
on file. 

A letter has been received from the State 
Regent of Pennsylvania authorizing the com- 
mittee to proceed with the painting and decor- 
ating of the vestibule and which will be paid 
for by the State of Pennsylvania. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Grace M. Pierce, 




The adoption of Reconiineiidation No. 1 of 
Chairntan of Building and Grounds was moved 
by Mrs. Ellison, seconded by Mrs. Hume, and 
carried. The acceptance of Recommendation 
No. 2 was moved by Miss Fletcher seconded 
by Mrs. Talbott and carried. Moved by Mrs. 
Pulsifer, seconded by Mrs. Fletcher, and car- 
ried, that a small vacuum cleaner be purcliased 
for the rugs in the building. Mrs. Talbott 
moved that the action of the Building and 
Grounds Committee in purchasing a filing case 
be approz'ed. This was seconded by Mrs. Buel 
and carried. There being no objection, the 
report of the Building and Grounds Committee 
was accepted. 

At one o'clock the Board took a recess for 
luncheon, to reconvene at two o'clock. The 
suggestion was made by the President General 
that the members avail themselves of the cafe- 
teria maintained by the Red Cross. 

The afternoon session was called to order 
at 2.10. The President General referred to 
the joint celebration of George Washington's 
birthday, and asked the authorization of an 
advance of $150 to defray one-third of the 
anticipated expense of the celebration. Author- 
ization of payment of $150 for our share in 
expense of joint Committee of Patriotic Socie- 
ties for celebration of February 22 was moved 
by Miss Fletcher, seconded by Mrs. Reynolds, 
and carried. 

The Organizing Secretary General presented 
to the Board the case of an ex-Regent of a 
Chapter in Michigan, who, in retiring from the 
office of Regent, refused to surrender her 
Regent's pin (the gift of her husband) to the 
Chapter in exchange for one having the words 
" ex-Regent " instead of " Regent," thus pre- 
venting the Chapter from having a regent's 
pin for its present regent. After some discus- 
sion, and the statement that the matter had 
been taken up without success by the State 
D.A.R. authorities and the Insignia Committee, 
it was moved by Mrs. Buel, seconded by Mrs. 
Pulsifer, and carried that this Board send in- 
structions to the said ex-regent that she 
exchange her regent's bar for an ex-regent's 
bar. In order to avoid the possibility of 
Chapter regent's pins remaining in the posses- 
sion of individuals instead of becoming the 
property of chapters, Mrs. Fletcher moved that 
the office of Orgafiizing Secretary General shall 
be authorized to issue a pledge card to all 
officers of chapters requesting a permit for 
regents' bars, said pledge cards to state that the 
pins so obtained shall be the property of the 
Chapter, and shall be signed by the Regent, 
Recording Secretary, and Treasurer. This was 
seconded by Mrs. Buel and carried. 

Mrs. Reynolds referred to the proposed 

acquisition by the North Carolina D.A.R. of the 
old house in Halifax called the Constitution 
House, which purchase necessitated the incor- 
poration of the Society in that State. She 
therefore moved that the D.A.R. of North 
Carolina have the privilege of being incor- 
porated so that they may hold the Constitution 
House in Halifax. N. C. Seconded by Miss 
Crowell and carried. 

The President General outlined to the Board 
some of the arrangements for the program of 
the coming Congress, of which two evenings 
were to be given to the reports of the State 
Regents. The drawing of seats would be pro- 
ceeded with in accordance with the rules of 
Congress, the Recording Secretary General 
drawing for those states not represented, and 
the numbers drawn would, as last year, not only 
represent the seating in the Congress, but would 
indicate the order in which the State Regents 
would give their state reports. The drawing 
resulted as follows : 

Alabama 11 

Arizona 37 

Arkansas 41 

California 19 

Colorado 18 

Connecticut 13 

Cuba 31 

Delaware 27 

District of Columbia 38 

Florida 49 

Georgia 7 

Hawaii 9 

Idaho 28 

Illinois 17 

Indiana 42 

Iowa 6 

Kansas 4 

Kentucky 29 

Louisiana 43 

Maine 30 

Maryland 32 

Massachusetts 12 

Michigan 22 

Minnesota 3 

Mississippi 44 

Missouri 51 

Montana 45 

Nebraska 8 

Nevada 10 

New Hampshire 33 

New Jersey 7 

New Mexico 52 

New York 25 

North Carolina 16 

North Dakota 15 

Ohio 14 

Oklahoma 5 

Oregon 1 


Orient 21 the District Directors and State Regents to the 

Pennsylvania 23 Chapter Regents : 

Rhode Island 48 Bulletin No. 40 : Tilloloy, Our Pledge to France. 

South Carolina SO Bulletin No. 41B : A Questionnaire to be filled 

South Dakota 40 out and returned to State Regents. 

Tennessee 20 Letter from the President General, Mrs. Guern- 

Texas 24 sey, regarding Bulletins 41 A and B. 

Utah 26 To each State Regent 3 Bulletins 41A. 

Virginia 46 Letters from Chairman of Committee, Mrs. 

Vermont 47 Matthew T. Scott, and Publicity Director, Mrs. 

Washington 36 William H. Wait, regarding Bulletins 41 A 

West Virginia 34 and B. 

Wisconsin 39 At the request of the President General a 

Wyoming 35 report is to be made by the Publicity Director 

at the Twenty-eighth Continental Congress of 

Following a discussion as to the advisability the entire war work of the organization, 

of filling the vacancy in the office of the His- To this end, your Publicity Director com- 

torian General, which, according to the official piled Bulletin 41, a questionnaire embracing the 

parliamentarian, the constitution made optional three phases of our war work, 

with the National Board, and which could not 1. From the time when as neutrals we 

be filled acording to the constitution until the worked for National Surgical Dressings and 

meeting just before the Congress unless a Red Cross. 

special meeting were called for the purpose, 2. Through the period from our Declaration 

it was moved by Mrs. Reynolds, seconded by of War to the Armistice. 

Mrs. Talbott, and carried, that the vacancy of 3. Since the Armistice to the Twenty-eighth 

the office of Historian General be not filled Continental Congress. 

until the Congress in April. Moved by Miss A Rally Call has been sent to the entire 
Crowell, seconded by Miss Grace M. Pierce, organization to make this Report complete, an 
and carried, that the President General be accurate Record of our War Work to be filed 
authorized to sign the vouchers for the office with the United States Government as our 
of the Historian General. War History, and to be kept in our archives as 
The Recording Secretary General read a our Record of Service for our Country in the 
communication just received from Mrs. Heath World War. The following plan has been car- 
stating that the Twenty-first Report had just ried out: In December, each District Director 
that day been sent to the Secretary of the wrote the State Regents in her District telling 
Smithsonian Institution and that she trusted to them this Questionnaire was coming in January, 
bring to the Congress in April a fair report of urging them to prepare their chapters for it. 
her work. and impressing on them the importance of fur- 
In the absence of the Chairman of the War nishing this data to the National Society. The 
Relief Service Committee and of Mrs. Wait, questionnaire sent out December 27 was accom- 
the Recording Secretary General read the fol- panied by a letter from the President General 
lowing report : to the Chapter Regents, urging their cooperation 

in the plan, and a letter from the Publicity 

Director to the State Regents asking their sup- 

Report of Publicity Director, War Relief ^^^^ .^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^p^^^ February first a 

Service Committee r ,, i ^^ r ^u <"u • r ^u 

follow-up letter from the Chairman ot the 

Madame President General and Members of Committee, Mrs. Scott, leaves this office for 

the Board : the State Regents, reminding them of the 

By ruling of the Board, no report of our importance of having the questionnaires filled 

War Work is to be made at this meeting of the out and returned to the Publicity Director. 

Board, so I submit only the report of the Many of the State Regents have written most 

routine work of this office. urgent letters to their Chapter Regents em- 

Since our October meeting, the following phasizing the necessity of filling out the ques- 

Bulletins and Letters have been issued through tionnaire accurately and promptly. 



Will not every member of this Board make 
it her duty to keep this matter a live issue in 
her State, so that we may have the satisfying 
experience of having every State represented 
in this National Report of our War Work? 
The Reports of our War Work have been grati- 
fying as far as they have gone, but never have 
we had our entire number of states reporting. 
Let us make one heroic effort to have the work 
of ez'cry state included in this, the last oppor- 
tunity to write our War History. 

There are about ready to leave this office 
for the Chapter Regents, through the offices of 
District Directors and State Regents, two more 

Bulletin 42, The Exhibit at the Twenty- 
eighth Continental Congress. 

Bulletin 43, Reconstruction in France. 

The directions for Bulletin 42 were written 
after consultation with a photographer who 
is making War Pictures for the United States 
government. The results of the plan, if carried 
out by the chapters, will be most desirable, in- 
suring uniformity in size and in mounting of 
pictures, facts which will make possible the 
binding of the pictures into a permanent pic- 
torial record of our war work. I enclose a 
copy of Bulletin 42 with this Report. 

Bulletin 43, Reconstruction in France, a copy 
of which I enclose, was written after consulta- 
tion with the President General and the Ameri- 
can Committee for Devastated France and 
opens to us a field for further work in France. 

The enclosed appeal from the Women of 
France, the Resolution from the Committee 
on the Protection of Women under Interna- 
tional Law, and the Pledge Blank to be filled 
with women's signatures explain themselves. 

Appeal of the Women of France to the 
Women of All Countries 

Among the solemn protests which the whole 
world is making against the deportation of 
Belgian and French women, French women 
wish to make their voices heard. 

How can they help trembling with indigna- 
tion as they learn that, under the German yoke, 
there disappears all respect for the family and 
its ties? They learn that the women of France, 
of Belgium and Serbia and others have been or 
are to be torn cruelly from their husbands and 
children whenever the invader needs them 
for service of his officers or mills or trenches. 

Among all the enemy's crimes not one so 
chokes with anxiety the heart of woman. Is it 
not around the woman that every civilization 
has grouped the family? Is it not the long 
patience of woman that, through the centuries, 
has defended the intimacy of home, the weak- 
ness of childhood, the morality of youth? 

This is why we invite women — all women — 
to join in our protest. All are enlightened, not 
one can be ignorant of international laws slowly 
wrought for the safety of non-combatants ; 
and none can be ignorant that, by the very 
avowal of those responsible, such laws have 
been trampled under foot. 

The stirring protests of the highest political, 
social and religious authorities have been un- 
able to stop these brutal dispersions. The crim- 
inal governments pursue them, counting on the 
fear or apathy of the peoples. 

Are they to have the support of women's 
silence? Shall women forget that respect of 
another's right is the surest guarantee of our 
own right, and that — should history in its re- 
turns expose to like danger other generations 
and other peoples — they and their daughters 
could lift up their voices neither to complain 
nor in maledictions. 

To whatever country she may belong — ally, 
neutral or enemy — each woman must acknowl- 
edge her responsibility. To be silent is to 
absolve the soldiers who violate home and 
arrest passers-by to choose their victims, is to 
become their accomplices. To be silent is to 
forever renounce all appeals to treaties and to 
right, all demand that to private or public action 
there shall be given the authority of a moral 

Who is the woman who will refuse to hear 
our appeal and judge savagery? 

Let all whose homes are respected unite in 
one movement of justice and compassion. 
From the height of their anguish and sorrow 
our sisters, victims of force, can now hope for 
help only from the conscience of the world. 

(Signed) National Council of French 
Women (150 societies), 

French Union for Woman's 
Suffrage (80 regional groups) 

Society for the Improvement 
of Woman's Lot 

Fraternal Union of Women, 

Society of Women's Suffrage 
(representing more than a 
million French women). 



(Published in the New York Evening Post, 
February 3, 1917, in letter of its Paris corre- 
spondent, Mr. Stoddard Dewey.) 

I quote from the Brooklyn Eagle of Novem- 
ber 10, 1918. The extract explains the forma- 
tion of the "Committee on the Protection of 
Women under International Law " : 

" From the pulpit of Plymouth Church ap- 
peals were made last night by women of 
France, Belgium, Serbia, Italy and Poland in 
behalf of the profaned womanhood of those 
countries which have been devastated by the 
armies of Germany, Austria, Bulgaria and 
Turkey. All of the speakers made it plain that 
the Central Powers have waged the war draw- 
ing to a close, not only against the Allied 
armies, but against the womanhood of those 
nations with which America has allied herself. 

" Plymouth was crowded to the doors. The 
pleas were perhaps the most far-reaching in 
importance uttered from the pulpit of that edi- 
fice since Lincoln, Garibaldi and Beecher spoke 

" Mme. St. Croix spoke for France, Miss von 
der elite for Belgium, Sgt. Ruth Farnum for 
Serbia and Signora Amy Bernhardy for Italy. 
Poland's plea was made through Countess de 
Turcznowicz in a letter, which was read by 
Mrs. William C. Beecher. 

" As a result of the meeting strong resolu- 
tions were unanimously adopted urging upon 
those who will dictate the terms of peace the 
infliction of the severest punishments against 
those who have outraged womanhood on such 
a wholesale scale. The meeting was arranged 
in response to the plea of the National Council 
of French Women and has resulted in the for- 
mation of a ' Committee on the Protection of 
Women under International Law'." 

The Rev. Dr. Newell Dwight Hillis, Ply- 
mouth's pastor, described the objects of the 
French Council as the care and restoration to 
health of those countless women who have 
broken in body, mind and spirit through the 
brutality of the Huns and their allies. "Thous- 
ands and thousands have committed suicide 
guiltless of any wrong," he said. 

Mrs. Beecher, who is the chairman of the 
Committee on Protection of Women under 
International Law, told of the purposes of the 
French Council of Women and described the 
objects, of the committee of which she is chair- 
man. A national convention of the American 
organization will shortly be held in Chicago, 
where delegates will be selected to go to an 

international convention to be held in Paris. 

If you wish to join in this movement for the 
honor of the war-abused women of our Allies, 
please sign your name in ink, and after the 
blank is filled with names, please send it to Mrs. 
Ella A. Boole, Eagle Building, Brooklyn, New 
York, Chairman of State Extension Committee 
of the Committee on the Protection of Women 
under International Law. 

Already 2,000,000 signatures of American 
women have been received and a committee 
of women has been appointed to carry this peti- 
tion to the Peace Conference. 

A petition is enclosed with this Report and 
the following recommendation offered : 

Recommendation No. 1. That the National 
Board of Management respond to this appeal 
of our sisters in France by signing the en- 
closed Blank with our names and official titles 
and forwarding same immediately to Mrs. Ella 
A. Boole, Eagle Building, Brooklyn, New York, 
Chairman of State Extension Committee of the 
Committee on the Protection of Women under 
International Law. 

As an organization we have been honored 
by the brave Daughters who have crossed the 
seas to give themselves to their country's flag 
and to humanity's freedom — the first time in 
the history of the world that women have left 
their native shores and crossed the seas to help 
wrest victory from a World Enemy. Therefore 
the following Recommendation is presented : 

Recommendation No. 2, That a Roll of 
Honor containing the names of all Daughters 
who have served their country across seas be 
made and framed, the unveiling of it to follow 
in Continental Congress the reading of the 
Report of our War Work, as the Report will 
close with the reading of their names. It is 
further suggested that the names of those 
Daughters who have paid the supreme price be 
lettered in gold. As all data must be in the 
hands of the Publicity Director by March 11, 
there will be a month in which this Roll of 
Honor can be made. 

Much as we dislike to face the possibility, we 
may reach Congress with our two funds, Tillo- 
loy and Liberty Loan, not completed, and to 
meet this situation, the following recommen- 
dation is made : 

Recommendation No. S. That we have a 
Rally for these two funds (if they are not 
raised by the opening of Congress), the Rally- 
to follow the unveiling of the Roll of Honor, 
and to be known as the Victory Rally. 



In the light of the volume of work the 
Daughters of the American Revolution have 
done, and the financial aid we have given our 
country in our hour of peril, the following 
recommendation is offered for your consid- 
eration : 

Recommendation No. -'i. That we prepare 
a petition to our Government to be sent the 
proper authorities with our War Record when 
it is completed in April, asking that some 
definite phase of Reconstruction Work be 
assigned the Daughters of the American 

Respectfully submitted, 

Clara Hadley Wait. 

Moved by Mrs. Buel, seconded by Mrs. 
Hume, and carried, that the National Board 
endorse the recommendation of Mrs. Wait in 
regard to the movement of French zvomen for 
the unfortunate women of France and Belgium. 
The adoption of Recommendation No. 2 v^^as 
moved by Miss Fletcher, seconded by Miss 
Serpell, and carried. Moved by Miss Grace 
M. Pierce, seconded by Miss Barlow, and car- 
ried, that Recommendation No. S be adopted. 
After some discussion, it was moved by Miss 
Crowell, seconded by Miss Grace M. Pierce, 
and carried, that action on Recommendation 
No. 4 be deferred. There being no objection, 
the report was accepted. 

The President General told at some length 
of the numerous conferences she had held here 
and elsewhere with officials as to actual condi- 
tions and the possibilities for Tilloloy and of the 
work of Mrs. Lindsay Patterson of North 
Carolina, an ex-National Officer, who had 
offered to make a personal investigation on 
her return to France. Through Mrs. Patterson 
the President General came in touch with a 
member of the French High Commission in 
Washington, whose home was not far from 
Tilloloy and who could talk at first hand about 
the village, and the French High Commission 
offered to cable to France to know exactly what 
it was intended should be done about recon- 
struction in that section. This reply not hav- 
ing been received at the time of the holding 
of the meeting of the War Relief Service 
Committee the day before the motion had been 
adopted by that Committee to send a cable- 
gram to the daughter of Mrs. Scott, then in 
Paris, requesting that she personally investigate 
conditions and endeavor to have Mrs. Lansing 
and Mme. Jusserand accompany her — the lat- 

ter on her return to this country with the 
President and his party might be induced to 
appear at the Congress in the interest of Tillo- 
loy. Since that meeting a letter had been re- 
ceived stating that a part of the French army 
had been set to work levelling the ground and 
preparing for the rebirth of the towns and 
villages that had been wiped out of existence 
by the tortures of war, and urging the Society 
to go ahead as quickly as possible with its 
plans, offering the services of the Commission 
for any information that would be of assist- 
ance to the Society, and appointing one of its 
general secretaries to take special charge of this 
work. In the discussion that ensued it was 
pointed out that notwithstanding the assistance 
to be rendered by the French High Commission, 
a personal report from one of the three ladies 
mentioned would do much to inspire the Con- 
gress to complete the amount to be raised in 
the event it was not all in hand at that time. 
It was therefore moved by Mrs. Buel, seconded 
by Miss Serpell, and carried, that the cable- 
gram in regard to Tilloloy, proposed by the 
War Relief Service Committee, be authorized 
and sent. It was further moved by Airs. 
Howell, seconded by Mrs. Hume, and carried, 
that Mrs. Lindsay Patterson be given a letter 
from this Board authorizing her to investigate 
conditions in regard to Tilloloy. 

The Recording Secretary General read the 
following resolution submitted by Mrs. Bond, 
Chairman of International Relations Com- 
mittee : 

Resolution. — The Board of Management of 
the Daughters of the American Revolution, 
believing that existing international relations, 
such as those developed during the war and 
those in existence previous to the war, prove 
the value of greater cooperation among nations 
for the security, justice, and freedom of all, 
endorse the establishment of a League of 
Nations at the Peace Conference. 

A copy of this should be sent to each Branch 
of Congress, also to the President. 

Moved by Miss Serpell, seconded by Mrs. 
Minor, and carried, that we endorse the reso- 
lution as presented by Mrs. Bond. 

Miss Crowell read the following resolution 
adopted by the Connecticut Chapter Regents 
at their meeting at Hartford, January 11, to be 
presented to the National Board at its next 
meeting : 

Whereas : England and America have been 



fighting shoulder to shoulder in the World 
War against German authority for the same 
great principles of liberty for which our ances- 
tors, the Patriots of the American Revolution, 
fought when they resisted the tyranny of 
George III, a German king on England's 
throne; and 

Whereas : The two great English-speaking 
peoples of the same ancestry, heirs of a com- 
mon language, literature, law, ideals of life 
and Anglo-Saxon freedom, have been once 
more united in a common struggle for the 
preservation of these ideals ; English men and 
Americans laying down their lives together that 
freedom might live ; be it 

Resolved. That we, the regents of the fifty 
chapte^rs of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution of Connecticut, assembled in special 
meeting, in Hartford, January eleventh, nine- 
teen hundred and nineteen, do declare it to be 
preeminently fitting that we, the descendants 
of those Americans who fought against the 
principles of German tyranny which threatened 
to overwhelm the liberty of the English people 
in the days of 1776, should be among the first 
to welcome and promote friendship and mutual 
understanding between our two countries too 
long separated by ancient strife and prejudice 
but now united in a common cause ; and that 
we do all in our power as a Society to increase 
the present sentiment of mutual good-will ; and 

Resolved. That we request the National 
Board of Management through our State Re- 
gent, Mrs. John Laidlaw Buel, at its next 
meeting to take such steps as may seem prac- 
ticable and expedient to transmit these senti- 
ments in behalf of the National Society of 
the Daughters of the American Revolution to 
King George, Queen Mary and the people of 
England ; be it further 

Resolved. That copies of these resolutions be 
sent to our President General, Mrs. George 
Thacher Guernsey, to the National Board of 
Management and to our State Regent, Airs. 
John Laidlaw Buel. 


(Anne Rogers) Mrs. George AIaynard 

(Edith W.) Mrs. Hubert M. Sedgwick, 

(Eva V. M.) Mrs. Charles H. Bissell. 
Unanimously adopted, 

January li, 1919. 
Elizabeth Barney Buel, 5/af? Regent. 
Florence S. Marcy Crofut, Secretary 

Pro Tern. 

The endorsement by the Xatiojial Board of 
the resolutions sent in by the State of Connec- 
ticut favoring the promotion of friendship 
betzveen England and America and the carrying 
out of the resolution was moved by Mrs. Elli- 
son, seconded by Mrs. Harris and Mrs. Cook, 
and carried. 

The Recording Secretary General read also 
a communication from a member of a local 
Chapter, forwarded through the Corresponding 
Secretary of the District D.A.R., with regard 
to the spread of seeming dangerous propa- 
ganda. No action was taken by the Board. 

Miss Crowell presented resolutions from the 
Washington Chamber of Commerce relative to 
the erection in Washington of an arch of 
triumph in commemoration of the world vic- 
tory and American heroism. Moved by Miss 
Crowell, seconded by Miss Grace M. Pierce, and 
carried, that these resolutions be referred to 
Legislative Committee. 

The President General took up with the 
Board for action at some future date the ques- 
tion of the price of the insignia as called for 
in our contract with Caldwell & Company, which 
the manufacturers had shown, by reason of the 
high price and scarcity of the materials and 
the greatly increased cost of labor, was being 
furnished at a considerable loss to them, and as 
it was equally impossible for other manufac- 
turers to furnish these pins at the present low 
price, Caldwell & Company were asking the 
Congress to take some action for their relief 
by raising the price at which the emblem should 
be sold. The President General read the fol- 
lowing letter, and asked the members to con- 
sider the question until the next meeting of 
the Board. 
My dear Mrs. Guernsey : 

We are writing this letter to lay before you 
very frankly the situation in which we find our- 
selves with respect to the cost of the emblem 
for the Daughters of the American Revolution, 
for the consideration of your National Board 
of Management to relieve us from the hardship 
of a situation for which we are not in any 
way responsible and which we feel quite sure, if 
the matter is properly brought to the attention 
of the members of the Board, they would be 
disposed to relieve. 

The present price for the emblem was fixed 
by contract dated April 22, 1904, and of course 
was based upon prices and labor cost prevailing 
at that time. Up until the present time we have 



never questioned this price or asked for any 
modification, although you can readily imagine 
that, with the gradual increased costs even be- 
fore the War, any profit which we might have 
had originally has disappeared. 

At the time the Government prohibited the 
use of platinum in the making of jewelry, 
of course it became impossible for us to fur- 
nish any additional emblems and we now 
have on hand, approximately two thousand 
orders which have not been filled, but which 
are in process of manufacture and are being 
delivered as rapidly as possible in the regular 
sequence in which the orders were received. 
We are, at the present time, booking quite a 
few orders per day, which will be taken care 
of in regular course. 

The Government restriction on the use of 
platinum has now been raised, but the cost of 
materials and the cost of labor is so much 
higher than before the War, we find that the 
actual cost of these emblems is more than the 
price fixed by the contract. Our estimate of 
cost is as follows : 

3^ dwts. precious metal $2.88 

Striking, polishing, enamelling, gilding, 

labor, etc 2.39 

Engraving 25 

Special D.A.R. case 14 

Outside mailing box 01)4 

War tax 15 


This estimate does not include any profit 
whatsoever either in our factory or sales de- 
partment. Very frequently also, when we 
receive orders, the remittance for postage is 
not included and when this occurs there is 
an additional cost of 5 cents for mailing and 
insurance. Neither does this figure include the 
cost of mailing back and forth for permits, the 
stationery we furnish the Society nor the many 
hundreds of letters which we have to write 
to the various members in regard to orders 
received from them. Nor does it include any 
charge for clerical services, overhead expenses, 
insurance on dies or the cost of renewal, which 
is required after each fifteen hundred emblems 
have been made. 

The War tax is based upon the existing Bill 
and if this tax is increased, as seems probable, 
of course the estimated cost will be increased 

In view of these facts, we feel that it would 
be a manifest hardship to expect us to continue 
to furnish these emblems at the contract price 
of $5, which is less than their actual cost to 
us, and that the price ought to be increased 
to $7 and a new contract made on that basis. 

We have stated the facts with entire frank- 
ness and accuracy because we feel that if the 
members of the Society fully understand the 
situation, they will be broad enough to appre- 
ciate that we are victims of an unfortunate 
situation, for which we are in no way respon- 
sible and will appreciate the fairness of this 

Very truly yours, 

J. E. Caldwell & Co. 

Miss Grace M. Pierce presented the follow- 
ing Supplemental report: 

Supplemental Report of Registrar General 

Applications to the Board, 325, making a 
total of 840. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Grace M. Pierce, 
Registrar General. 

The acceptance of my supplemental report 
and that the Secretary cast the ballot for S23 
applicants for membership was moved by Miss 
Pierce, seconded by Miss Crowell, and carried. 
The Recording Secretary General having an- 
nounced that the ballot had been cast, the 
President General declared these 325 applicants 
members of the National Society. 

The Treasurer General presented a plan for 
keeping the membership records which would 
show day by day the exact number of members 
in each Chapter, explaining in detail the work- 
ing out of the plan and pointing out the help 
this would be to the Credential Committee as 
well as to every State Regent in the Society, the 
initial expense for purchasing the required 
books (which would not have to be duplicated 
for some years) amounting to something in 
the neighborhood of $600. The system would 
require the employment of an extra clerk who 
would also serve as clerk to the Credential Com- 
mittee, the expense for this clerk being offset in 
large part by the saving of extra help in mak- 
ing the count for the credential work every 
year. After some discussion, it was moved 
by Mrs. Harris, seconded by Mrs. Buel, and 
carried, that the plan for keeping membership 
records as proposed by the Treasurer General 
be adopted. 



Mrs. Fletcher having been called away from 
the meeting, her supplemental report was read 
by the Recording Secretary General as follows : 

Supplemental Report of Organizing Secre- 
tary General 
Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 

The State Regent of Washington reports the 
resignation of Mrs. Mary Day Denniston as 
Organizing Regent of Anacortes, and requests 
the reappointment of Mrs. Winnie Huntington 
Quick of Castle Rock, Washington. 

The Great Meadows Chapter of Uniontown, 
Pa., and the Victory Chapter of Washington, 
D. C, have been officially recorded organized. 

The request for the authorization of a 
Chapter at Searcy, Arkansas, has been re- 
ceived from the State Regent. 

The State Regent of Pennsylvania requests 
the confirmation of the appointment of Mrs. 
Lena M. McCloskey, as Organizing Regent at 
Renova, Pa. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Anna Louise Fletcher, 
Organising Secretary General. 

There being no objection, the report was 

Miss Elisabeth F. Pierce, as Chairman, read 
the following resolutions. Miss Fletcher moved 
that the Board rise to receive the resolutions 
in regard to the death of Mrs. Clarke. Sec- 
onded by Mrs. Ellison and carried by the rising 
of the Board. 

Whereas : God in His wisdom and mercy 
has called to Himself our beloved Historian 
General Mrs. George Kuhn Clarke ; and 

Whereas : By her death on the fifteenth of 
January the Society of Daughters of the Amer- 
ican Revolution has suffered an irreparable 
loss ; 

Be it hereby Resolved, That the National 
Board of Management now in session desire to 
record their loving sympathy with the family 
of Mrs. Clarke, and their appreciation of her 
willing and efficient service to the Society as 
Historian General. 

We believe her to have embodied the bright 
ideals of Christian Patriotism to which this 
organization is committed. Too high a tribute 
cannot be paid to her strong and gracious 
character. " She rests from her labors, and 
her works do follow her." May her inspiration 
be ours for further service to God and Country. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Elisabeth F. Pierce, 
Adelaide P. Pulsifer, 
Bertha H. Talbott, 
Resolutions Committee. 
The President General announced that these 
would be spread on the minutes and a copy sent 
to the family of Mrs. Clarke. 

On motion of Miss Crowell, seconded by Mrs. 
Buel, it was carried, that the Executive Com- 
mittee be empoivered to transact the necessary- 
business in the interval until the next regular 
meeting of the Board. 

The motions, as passed, were read by the 
Recording Secretary General, and, on motion, 
were accepted as the minutes of the meetings 
and at the meeting adjourned. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Emma L. Crowell, 
Recording Secretary General. 


The January, 1919, issue of the Re- 
membrance Book, containing obituary 
notices received by the Chaplain General 
between July and December, 1918, and 
the alphabetical list of deceased members 
whose names had been reported to the 
National Board of Management since 

July, 1918, has been sent to all Chapters 
and members of the National Board of 
Management. Copies may be obtained hy 
addressing Treasurer General, Memorial 
Continental Hall, price ten cents, post- 
paid, to any address in the United States, 

Vol. Liii Contents no. 5 

MAY, 1919 

Mrs. George Thacher Guernsey (Frontispiece) 

Twenty-eighth Continental Congress 279 

Comments by the President General 289 

The First Steamship to Cross the Ocean 290 

Isabel L. Smith 
Sketch of a Real Daughter 299 

Mrs. Jessie Lockhart 

A New Jersey Real Daughter 303 

War Paintings by Soldiers of France 304 

Honor Roll, Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine 310 

State Conferences 311 

Work of the Chapters 319 

Genealogical Department 328 

National Board of Management 

Special Meeting of 333 

Official List of 335 



Publication Office, 227 South Sixth Street. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

Chairman Magazine Committee, Waterford, Conn. Editor, Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 

Genealogical Editor, Annapolis, Md. 


Subscriptions should be sent to the Treasurer-General, Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 
Single Copy. 15 Cents Yearly Subscription, * 1.00 Canadian Postage 30 Cents Additional 






VOL. LIII, No. 5 

MAY, 1919 

WHOLE No. 322 



[HE twenty-eighth annual Conti- 
nental Congress was formally 
opened by the President General, 
Mrs. George Thacher Guernsey, 
in Memorial Continental Hall, 
Washington, D. C, on April 
14, 1919, at half-past ten o'clock. 

The President General's forceful address 
envoked round after round of applause from 
all the delegates and alternates. She said : 

It is with much pleasure that I again greet 
and welcome the officers and delegates, as well 
as all others, in attendance at this Twenty- 
eighth Continental Congress of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution. 

Much of world importance has taken place 
since last we met in this Memorial Hall just 
one year ago. How little did we then think 
that the Armistice would be signed in less than 
seven months, the signing of which would bring 
to an end the greatest war in the history of the 
world ! More great events have occurred during 
the past five years than during the preceding 
century. It seems as if it were hundreds of 
years since August 1, 1914. Already we are 
living in a new world. Hardly anything seems 
as it did a few years ago. 

. The war is over. The Old World lies in 
ruins. We are living in an entirely new age. 

We have entered into a new world of democ- 
racy. Yesterday we were in the habit of saying, 
" Autocracy is doomed." To-day we say with 
jubilant hearts, " Autocracy is dead." In one 
week last November twenty-two kings and 
kinglets toppled from their thrones and 
twenty-two crowns toppled from their heads. 
The old days of the " Divine right of Kings " 
are gone forever. Our Government is now 
regarded by the civilized peoples of the earth 
as the " premier of the world." It has been 
pathetic to see the many age-long crushed peo- 
ples of Europe turning to us as a savior, to aid 
them into settled freedom. The old map of 
Europe is dissolving into a new one, the fron- 
tiers of the countries still only dimly outlined. 
There are only three kings of any importance 
now left in Europe : King George, King Al- 
bert and King Emmanuel. And all three are 
more firmly entrenched in the affection of their 
people than before the war. It is because they 
are kings of a free people, and their govern- 
ments are thoroughly democratic. 

It is not a surprising thing to one familiar 
with the history of nations, that the Prussians 
and Russians have gone headlong into anarchy. 
Any people crushed under the tyrannical heel 
of autocracy will, when the power above them 
is suddenly removed, leap to the other extreme 
and rush out of autocracy into anarchy. They 
face many difficulties, and it may be years 




before they come to an agreement as to any 
stable form of self-government. 

It will not be difficult for the great democ- 
racies, such as those of the United States, Eng- 
land, France and Italy, to adjust themselves 
to the new political world. We live in a new 
world of ideals. No longer do material might 
and material wealth and material fame domi- 
nate the thinking of thoughtful men. Truth, 
justice and righteousness are the ideals which 
dominate legislation and all human relation- 
ships. Our Government does not need to make 
any internal changes. Its chief task will be to 
learn how properly to relate itself to the rest 
of the world. We who have been so long 
known for our parochialism must learn how 
to be citizens of the world. Our Nation has 
suddenly been shaken out of its complacency. 
It has come to take its place among the world 
powers, and has come to understand that no 
nation liveth to itself as " No man liveth to 
himself," and we, as Americans, must come 
to understand that in any righteous league that 
shall bind the nations together, we must give 
as well as take. 

It was once questioned whether the world 
was growing better or worse, and to answer 
that question correctly one had to look back 
along centuries. Comparing decades was con- 
fusing and misleading. Our civilization has 
been a slow evolution. But during the past five 
years the wheels of progress have been thrown 
into " high gear " and we have leaped forward 
with unprecedented progress. It would seem 
as though God had grown impatient with our 
slow, dull progress and so He permitted this 
world war to shake us out of our complacency 
and fit us for larger and finer life. Thus al- 
ready we find ourselves possessed of new sen- 
sations; nobler ideals attract us; loftier 
impulses control us. 

A little reflection will show us how far we 
have traveled from our old position ; how much 
nobler the life is which we are now living. 

In the first place, there has come to us a new 
sense of human relationship. It was a difficult 
lesson for the old Jew to learn— that lesson 
taught by the story of the " Good Samaritan," 
the lesson that no man should lose his sense of 
humanity in the presence of an alien's need. 
"The Jew had no deahngs with the Samari- 
tans." A high wall separated them. But in like 
manner did the Greeks think of the Barbarians, 
and the Romans of their captured slaves. After 
many centuries of Christian civilization nations 
stood over against nations, and all relation- 
ships changed at national frontiers. 

Slowly through the years nations have 
grown less provincial— and extended friendly 

relations to their neighbors near and distant. 
And yet how slow has been the growth of 
human brotherhood ! 

Each nation has held itself in higher esteem 
than its neighbors and felt it must ever be 
on the alert to guard against any encroach- 
ment upon its own individual rights and privi- 
leges. Down to our time we have had 
" hermit " nations. Nations have maintained 
their own peculiar speech and customs. They 
have clung to their own forms of faith and 
worship. They have worshipped their own 
tribal Gods. Each nation supposed itself 
favored by its own peculiar deity. This is the 
tragedy and crime of Germany to-day. 

It is the national conception of superiority 
which has killed in the whole blinded and 
enslaved German people the idea of God's 
universal Fatherhood and man's universal 

The chief task of the Allied nations to-day 
is to lead the German people to see that they 
are not superior to other folks, and that their 
German God is the devil of the civilized world. 
The dehumanized slaves of a royal brute must 
learn that other peoples have rights which they 
are bound to respect, and that their national 
boundary lines stop at their neighbor's frontier. 

This war has done what is worth all it has 
cost, in producing among the nations of the 
world (the Central Powers alone excepted) the 
sense of universal brotherhood. That fine feel- 
ing which Tennyson expressed in his " Hands 
All Around" (written long years before the 
present war) concerning the relation between 
Great Britain and America, is coming rapidly 
to be the feeling which exists between all well- 
meaning nations — his words are those of a 
prophet : 

" Gigantic Daughter of the West, 
We drink to thee across the flood ; 
We know thee most, we love thee best, 
For art thou not of British blood? 

" Should war's mad blast again be blown 
Permit not thou the tyrant powers 
To fight thy mother here alone; 
But let thy broadsides roar with ours, 

Hands all around ! 
God the tyrants cause confound ! " 

That cry, " Hands All Around," is coming to 
be the tocsin of the civilized world. 

This fact is also shown in the sweeping tide 
of democracy which dominates mankind. The 
old figment, " the Divine right of Kings," is 
going. Every autocrat is doomed. Thrones 
unfounded on constitutions which recognize the 
ultimate authority in the people are crumbling. 

We have come to see how near we were, only 



a few years ago, of gaining the whole world of 
material wealth and losing the nation's soul. 
We have awakened from a deadening stupor — 
we are to-day breathing the pure air which 
blows on us from the mountains of high un- 
selfish ambitions. We have taken our place 
among the free peoples of all the world, and 
have been freely granted leadership amid such 
companionship as we had never dared to expect. 
No longer will America be called the Nation 
whose god is the Almighty Dollar. 

Even that old saying, once uttered with pride, 
" My country, right or wrong " — the implica- 
tion being that one's own country must never 
be criticised and that the state can do no 
wrong. Much as we love our land and proud 
as we are of our own Nation, we have risen 
above that meanness of mere nationalism which 
steels its heart and withholds its hands when 
its own frontiers are crossed. 

We recognize that he who does not love his 
own best can love no man well. But we no 
longer think in terms of clan, county or coun- 
try, but in terms big enough to take in all our 
human race. I am not now referring to some 
sort of irresponsible Bolsheviki international- 
ism, such as that which has betrayed Russia and 
disgraced Germany, and threatening to over- 
run other countries, but I am trying to say that 
our fine young America has grown tall enough 
to look over the petty prejudices which too 
long have divided the human family and to see 
the fine traits and qualities which belong to 
others than ourselves. 

But the time has come when all constructive 
forces in the land must make contributions to 
aid the United States in performing her part 
of the new world order. 

All institutions having only selfish national 
ideals in view, must change their objectives. 
Many agencies hitherto efficient for their pre- 
war programs must cease to exist. They have 
no place in this new era. Our Society must 
now face this new world. Fortunately it has 
been recognized by the Government as an insti- 
tution of great value, both in times of peace 
and war. 

We have always sought to hold in high re- 
gard the memory of our forefathers, and we 
have always sought to exercise our influence 
in creating in the rising generation a fonder 
love of country and a deeper devotion to its 
institutions. We must continue to magnify our 
appreciation of our past history as a country, 
but we must be brave enough to take into our 
love and friendship all the new-found mem- 
bers of our common Father's great family. 

The new era upon which we are entering 
does not require any governmental resolutions. 
Our needs are not to be met by legislative 

changes. Our democratic republic needs no 
political tinkerings or patchings. Our problems 
will not grow out of our form of government. 
There is no excuse here for the Russian and 
German Bolshevikism. Our democracy has 
proved adequate, even in such as crisis as this 
world upheaval. The ex-Kaiser vainly boasted 
of the strength of the autocracy in times of 
war, and scorned the weakness of the republic 
in a national and international crisis. The 
answer to that claim is the present condition 
of Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary and 
Turkey, as compared with the free democracies 
of the Allies. 

Our Society, in this crisis, will continue to 
teach proper reverence to the heroism and 
noble deeds of our forefathers because our 
Society is peculiarly adapted to carry on an edu- 
cational propaganda. Our Patriotic Education 
Committee has for its object the Americaniza- 
tion of all strangers within our gates. Owing 
to the fact that the Government of the United 
States recognizes our Society as a vital institu- 
tion necessary for the proper training of our 
American youth, we will be expected to carry 
on some definite work, having in view the train- 
ing of our youth, and all who come as 
strangers to our shores, in all the fine lessons 
of patriotism. 

I wish, in this connection, to emphasize one 
task for which our Society, through its Patri- 
otic Education Committee, is peculiarly fitted, 
namely, the development of an American Con- 
sciousness in all our people, but especially in 
those of foreign birth and parentage. 

The American Consciousness will not grow 
in an alien atmosphere, nor on foreign soil. 
It is like a plant, its development depends upon 
the elements which environ it and the forces 
which are within it. 

I wish first to speak of the importance of a 
proper atmosphere for the immigrant candidate 
for American citizenship. Nothing will be so 
eflfective for good as the friendly and sympa- 
thetic treatment of the foreigner by the Ameri- 
can people with whom he comes in contact. 
The welcome given him at the very threshold 
of the country will largely aff^ect his whole atti- 
tude of mind and the character of his conduct. 
If he is met with the spirit of welcome, and not 
of suspicion; if he finds at once that he is not 
regarded as an intruder but as a new candidate 
for citizenship, coming with a high expecta- 
tion of freedom and brotherhood, he will gladly 
respond to leadership and instruction. Kindly 
and courteous treatment will at once inspire a 
love for the adopted land. Yet, how frequently 
the lonely and homesick immigrant is an object 
for ridicule, and is insulted and laughed at. 



His strange costume, his unfamiliar appear- 
ance, his peculiar speech and his furtive, em- 
barrassed manner somehow challenge the sneer 
of the average man he meets. Children laugh 
at him and older folk take advantage of him. 
Is it not a wonder that he ever comes to have 
any love for such a people, or to feel at home 
in so unwelcome a land? 

Never again will he be so open to instruction 
and so ready to take on the ways of his adopted 
country as in the first days of his arrival, when 
his heart is so tender and his mind is so recep- 
tive. Thorough neighborliness is what he most 
craves at this time. 

There need be no surprise that foreigners 
ever remain aliens and refuse to coalesce with 
the native population, and seek fellowship only 
with their own little groups, when they are 
made to feel that they are something less than 
human. Bitterness and hate have too often 
been planted in the breasts of people who came 
here all aglow with a fine enthusiasm concern- 
ing the new and promising country, of which 
they heard so much, and to which they have 
come, leaving everything they held dear behind 
them in their far-away native lands. An 
American consciousness never will develop, 
never can develop, in an atmosphere of sus- 
picion and ill-treatment. No wonder there are 
" Little Italys," " Little Rolands " and " Little 
Germanys " and similar foreign groups scat- 
tered all over the country as well as in the cities, 
and new candidates for citizenship, from the 
unfriendly approaches of those who seem to 
have no further interest in them other than to 
exploit them, flee on landing at once to the 
groups of their own nationality and continue 
to speak the language, breathe the spirit, and 
live the same life they did in the motherland. 

I know of nothing so potent to grow an 
American consciousness in one of foreign birth 
as the kindly spirit of brotherliness and neigh- 
borliness which greets the new arrival at the 
nation's threshold and gives him to know that 
he is welcomed as a friend and will be treated 
as a brother. 

The fine idealism in the breasts of most of 
those who have had the initiative and courage 
to break from the old ties and come to the new 
world of hope and promise, is too often killed 
at the first contact with the new life in the new 
world. Hate and suspicion are engendered at 
once, and the heart closes against the folk who 
seem only to seek their exploitation. One kind 
word spoken, one unselfish hand extended on 
that first strange and startled day, when he puts 
foot on the soil of his future home, will do 
more to inspire in his heart a love for America 
and everything American than anything which 
may occur in later days. Just as many a good 

horse is spoiled in the breaking, so many a 
useful American citizen is ruined the first day 
he reaches our shores. He never recovers from 
the shock of unkindness and the laugh of 
thoughtless and heartless derision. 

However, in spite of what I have been say- 
ing, the American Consciousness may be de- 
veloped, even in such an atmosphere as I have 
been describing, if only one will firmly resolve 
to forget these things which are behind and to 
press forward to the things which are before. 
Almost everything depends upon one's own 
purpose to grow an American soul in his own 
bosom. That growth will depend upon certain 
well-defined processes. Let me outline them : 

In the first place, there must be a positive 
purpose to become a real American, 100 per 
cent. pure. The first step towards citizenship 
must be taken at once. The intention to become 
an American citizen should not be delayed. 

So-called " First Papers " should be taken 
at the earliest date possible. Then as soon as 
the law will permit he should become a full- 
fledged citizen, and foreswear all past affilia- 
tions and proclaim allegiance only to our flag 
and nation. He must acknowledge no dual 
allegiances nor retain any dual citizenship. He 
must never think in terms of the hyphen. He 
is not now an Irish-American nor a German- 
American ; he is an American. You can never 
grow an American soul so long as you use a 

The very next requisite is to learn the Ameri- 
can language. It has been tragically demon- 
strated that no man can grow an American 
consciousness so long as he speaks a foreign 
language. He needs the new language more 
than he needs the native tongue. The sooner 
he forgets the language of his native land the 
better for his Americanism. It is not a theory 
with which I am dealing. It has been demon- 
strated that one of the greatest barriers to 
patriotism is a foreign language. This war has 
taught us that the supreme mistake in all our 
educational methods has been right here. The 
use of a foreign language in our public schools 
has been almost an act of treason. We might 
just as well have been teaching Sanskrit as 
German, and far better ; for Sanskrit would 
not have kept American youth from growing 
American souls. 

The most essential element in the develop- 
ment of the American consciousness is the 
total exclusion of all languages but one, and 
that one English. 

How mistaken we have been. We thought 
we were making Americans out of foreigners, 
all the time permitting them to speak a foreign 
language, read foreign newspapers, hear ser- 
mons in a foreign tongue, transact business at 



foreign banks and stores and teach a foreign 
language, which they asserted would some day 
supplant the English speech. 

You might as well try to grow roses in the 
Arctics as to develop an American conscious- 
ness while speaking a foreign language. 

Cooperation of the entire nation in spread- 
ing to the alien population of the country the 
spirit and truths of Americanism, and in ending 
illiteracy among the native-born population, 
was urged by Franklin K. Lane, Secretary of 
the Interior, at an Americanization dinner in 
New York, marking the formal opening of a 
campaign to be conducted by the Government 
through the Bureau of Education of the De- 
partment of the Interior, looking to that end. 
Asserting that the war had brought home to 
America the imperative need for Americaniza- 
tion work, the Secretary said : 

" What should be said of a world-leading 
democracy wherein 10 per cent, of the adult 
population cannot read the laws which they are 
presumed to know? 

" What should be said of a democracy which 
is challenged by the world to prove the supe- 
riority of its system of government over those 
discarded, and yet is compelled to reach many 
millions of its people through papers printed 
in some foreign language? 

" What should be said of a democracy which 
permits tens of thousands of native-born chil- 
dren to be taught in foreign language — the 
Declaration of Independence and Lincoln's 
Gettysburg speech in German and other 
tongues ? " 

In 1918, the Secretary declared, there were 
more than 7,000,000 persons in the United 
States above ten years of age who could not 
read or write English. Eighteen per cent, of 
the children of school age did not attend school. 
Out of the first 2,000,000 men drafted there 
were 200,000 who " could not read their orders 
or understand them when delivered." 

Asserting that " Americanization " as it is 
known in the past has " meant only the boy- 
cott," Mr. Lane declared the time has come 
when a new meaning should be given to the 
word, if the ideals of America were to be 

" We want it to mean help, sympathy, large- 
ness of view," he said. " We want it to mean, 
not patronage, but largest human fellowship. 
We want that word to be translated into terms 
of wages for men, of living conditions for men, 
of an America that will mean something to the 
man that comes across the water from the other 
side, who has come to us with a different un- 
derstanding of the word liberty from that 
which we have had." 

We are strangely affected by the clothes we 

wear. Witness children at play. Their very 
manners are affected by the grown-up clothing 
they have borrowed or purloined. Garments 
create a mental and social atmosphere. 

What can we hope for the Americanism of a 
man who insists on employing a London tailor? 
Ten to one he will say " bawth " for bath, 
" bean " for been, and " ither " and " nither," 
in violation of the best usage both in England 
and America. 

One's very food affects his Americanism. 
There is a grocery store in Chicago which has 
made its owner rich, which has for sale only 
such articles of food as it has imported from 
Germany. Thousands of Chicago Germans 
have supplied their tables with only such food 
as came from their fatherland. What kind of 
an American consciousness can grow in the 
atmosphere of sauerkraut and limburger cheese, 
or what can you expect of the Americanism of 
the man whose breath always reeks with garlic? 

I am insisting that one's very food affects his 
consciousness. Again I aver that nothing has 
been so vital to the growth of an American 
Consciousness as the segregation of people of 
like nationality. 

If I had my way I would transport thousands 
of Minnesota Scandinavians into the Southern 
States and I would scatter thousands of Wis- 
consin Germans into New England, and I 
would compel hundreds of thousands of New 
York Jews to find homes in the Far West. How 
can you grow an American soul in a New York 
Eastside tenement house or develop an Ameri- 
can consciousness in a Dakota Menonite com- 
munity? American neighbors are needed by 
every one of foreign birth or ancestry. 

It is quite important that all forms of social 
entertainment, including music and dramatic 
representations, shall combine to create a nczv 
appreciation of everything American. The 
children of the foreign-born should be steeped 
in our American literature. They should be 
thoughtfully informed of our National history. 

All membership in societies and organiza- 
tions seeking to retain allegiance to one's native 
country should be prohibited. The foreign 
youth should be taught always to be alert to 
discover favorable comparisons between the 
country of their adoption and the land of their 
birth. All foreigners should be compelled to 
cease telling how they used to do it in their 
native country. The children should constantly 
be reminded that they are Americans. One day 
last October I was heartened when I said to a 
little Italian on Bunker Hill : " You are an 
Italian, aren't you?" With great indignation 
he replied, " No, I'm an American." All youth, 
especially those of foreign birth or ancestry, 
should be constantly led to possess a sense of 



proprietorship in everything that is American. 
What I have been trying to say is this : The 
Daughters of the American Revolution are al- 
ready organized in such a way as to enable 
them to go about a strongly constructive 
method to cultivate throughout our land in the 
breasts of all foreigners or those of foreign 
parentage a genuine loyal American conscious- 
ness, and never before has there been so great 
a need for such an organization as is ours. In 
the name of our Society I wish to pledge all 
our energies and varied talents to the one great 
business of making every dweller in our land 
the proud possessor of an American Soul. 

The keynote of the address, " Ameri- 
canism," found ready endorsement among 
the hundreds of delegates who crowded 
the auditorium. The Congress, last year 
smaller on account of war conditions, had 
returned to its normal size, and represen- 
tatives from chapters in every section of 
the country with their Regents and state 
officials were among the delegates. 

An incident of the Congress was the 
introduction of Madame Breshkoosky, 
grandmother of the Russian Revolution, 
whose brief address aroused much inter- 
est and applause. 

The first report heard was that of Mrs. 
Robert J. Johnston, Chairman of the 
Credentials Committee ; she was promptly 
followed by Mrs. W. C. Barnes, who pre- 
sented the report of the Program Commit- 
tee. On its acceptance a recess was taken. 

The President General was the first 
National Ofificer to report at the afternoon 
session. She was followed by the Chap- 
lain General, Miss Elisabeth F. Pierce ; 
then came the Recording Secretary Gen- 
eral, Miss Emma Crowell, who reported : 

I take pleasure in stating that it has been 
the earnest endeavor and constant aim of my 
office to record and transmit through the 
proper channels the rulings and wishes of the 
Society as ordered by the Continental Congress 
and the National Board of Management. 

Immediately following the Twenty-seventh 
Congress copies of the various resolutions 
adopted by that body having to do with legisla- 
tion in the United States were sent to both 
houses of Congress, and all Congressional 

ruHngs were sent to the various officers, chap- 
ters and members affected by them. 

Carrying out the wish of Congress, a letter 
and copy of the resolution on the subject were 
sent to Mr. Hugh Morrison expressing the ap- 
preciation of the Daughters to the women of 
Islay for their loving sympathy manifested in 
the making of a United States flag for our sol- 
diers who lost their lives when the Tuscania 
was torpedoed and sunk off the Scottish coast 
at that place. Mr. Morrison's reply and sev- 
eral pictures of the funeral cortege were re- 
ceived and turned over to the Custodian of 
Flags to be filed with her correspondence on 
the same subject. 

Notices of the regular and special meetings 
of the Board, seven in number, have been sent 
to all members at least two weeks in advance 
of each meeting. The meetings have been re- 
ported, minutes prepared for the magazine 
and proof read, and all rulings of the Board 
sent to the various offices and to members 
affected thereby. 

Notices for meetings of the Memorial Con- 
tinental Hall Committee in October, February 
and April were sent, although only two have 
been held, the one called for October having 
to be omitted because of the influenza epidemic. 

Notification of the meetings of the Executive 
Committee have been sent, the meetings re- 
ported, and the action decided upon in each case 
presented to the Board for confirmation. 

The President General's appointments on all 
National and Congressional Committees have 
been listed, notification of such appointments 
sent, the letters received in reply filed, and the 
lists of their committees sent to all chairmen. 
Notification of admission to membership in the 
Society have been sent to 5695 members. 

The ruling of the President General that all 
reports presented to Congress must be in proper 
form to be printed and sent to the Recording 
Secretary General's desk before the close of 
the Congress greatly lightened the task of pre- 
paring for the printer the Proceedings of the 
Twenty-seventh Congress, the strict observance 
of this rule making it possible to have the 
manuscript ready and in the hands of the 
printer before the first of June. It was through 
no fault of the Recording Secretary General 
that the book was not received by the members 
early in September, the delay being caused by 
the inability of the publisher to retain his 
printers because of the second draft and the 
demand by the Government for such workers. 

For the first time in the history of the Society 
the certificate division reports its work up to 
date, all certificates having been sent to the 
members entitled to them up to and including 
all members admitted in February. Since the 



last Congress 17,862 certificates have been 
issued, 10,873 of the past administration and 
6989 to members admitted in the past year. 

By-laws of chapters and states, when sub- 
mitted, have been carefully scrutinized to see 
that they do not conflict with the National Con- 
stitution and By-laws. While the Recording 
Secretary General has nothing to do with the 
drawing up of these state and chapter by-laws, 
suggestions have been made to those submitting 
them when it seemed that such suggestions 
would be helpful. 

The revision of the Constitution and By-laws 
offered to the Twenty-seventh Congress and 
recommitted by that body, was again prepared 
for the printer in this office, the proof read, and 
the completed copies placed in the office of the 
Corresponding Secretary General for mailing 
to the chapters. 

The work of classifying, filing, and cata- 
loguing all the records of the Society which 
should be in the custody of the Recording Sec- 
retary General is progressing satisfactorily, 
and it is hoped that in future it will be less 
difficult to locate all information desired on 
any given subject. 

The New York Room, which is the office of 
the Recording Secretary General, has received 
several additions to its furnishings this year. 
A beautiful Colonial mirror has been presented 
by the Philip Schuyler Chapter and is in place 
over the mantel given by that Chapter several 
years ago. The Mary Washington Colonial 
Chapter has been most generous. Imme- 
diately after the Twenty-seventh Congress 
that Chapter gave the room a large mahog- 
any bookcase, made especially to match the 
one already in the room, and within the 
last month they have ordered a handsome 
Colonial crystal chandelier and four wall- 
bracket lights, the addition of which will make 
the New York Room one of the most beautiful 
in the building. The Recording Secretary Gen- 
eral desires to express her appreciation to these 
chapters for their gifts. 

While the year just passed has been a very 
busy one for the Recording Secretary General, 
it has also been a very happy one, because of the 
spirit of harmony and intelligent cooperation 
prevailing in her office. 

Miss Crowell was followed by the Cor- 
responding Secretary General, Mrs. 
Woodbury Pulsifer, whose report was 
received with applause, as was that of 
the Organizing Secretary General, Mrs. 
Duncan U. Fletcher. 

Miss Grace M. Pierce, Registrar Gen- 
eral, told in her report of the continued 
growth of the National Society, stating: 

The great world war has passed into history, 
and despite all predictions to the contrary, the 
National Society of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution has neither gone back- 
ward nor remained stationary in the interest of 
the women of our country. War activities may 
have absorbed much of the energy of women 
not already members of the organization, but 
the desire to be permanently identified with the 
great patriotic Society of America is still preva- 
lent among them. From Oregon, Idaho, Okla- 
homa, Colorado, Montana and the Dakotas 
come indications of a special awakening of 
interest, and letters from the Regents of these 
respective states report a greatly increased 
number of chapters and applications for mem- 
bership in process of completion. The other 
states show a continuous increase of member- 
ship, but New York remains the banner state for 
total membership and increase in membership 
during the year. Mothers, sisters, cousins, aunts, 
grandmothers and grandchildren of members 
continue to be enrolled, and we now note as a 
special feature that we are beginning to admit 
the great-granddaughters of the early members 
of our Society. Seven thousand and thirty-five 
applications for membership have been ap- 
proved during the past year, and 1717 supple- 
mental papers have been verified in addition, 
making a total of 8752 papers verified, 1710 
of these added new Revolutionary service 
records to our files. 

The new papers being received are much 
more complete as to necessary data than 
formerly, thus showing a better cooperation on 
the part of the Chapter Registrars with the 
National Office ; a fact greatly appreciated by 
the Registrar General and her clerical force, 
as it means a saving of time, labor, postage, 
correspondence, and delay in acceptance. This 
means, also, a corresponding decrease in the 
number of papers returned from the office un- 
verified, of which there has been during the 
past year 494 original and 498 supplemental. 

In returning papers unverified from the Na- 
tional Office, one copy of the papers, together 
with copies of all correspondence, is placed on 
file in what is known as " Returns." so that if 
later any additional data is received that will 
enable us to complete the papers, the applicant 
can be immediately notified to return the copy 
sent back to her in order that her application 
may be approved. Frequently these papers 
wait several years before the necessary infor- 
mation can be obtained, but not a week passes 



but information is received which enables us to 
take from these files and complete them. The 
papers being received from children and grand- 
children of early members when the application 
papers did not require dates for each genera- 
tion, are also supplying this deficiency, conse- 
quently the records of the National Society are 
becoming more and more valuable as to the 
genealogy and history of our nation. 

Of papers in the ofifice, other than returns, 
awaiting additional information written for, 
there are 141 originals and 102 supplemental. 
This is the smallest number of this class of 
records remaining at the close of any year's 

There have been issued : permits for insignia, 
2957; permits for ancestral bars, 1033; recog- 
nition pins, 3026. 

This Congress may be interested to know 
that the total number of permits issued since 
the founding of the Society has been 58,303 for 
insignia, 29,674 for ancestral bars, and 26,059 
for recognition pins, while our total en- 
rollment of membership to date is 146.400. 

The record of correspondence of the office 
shows 12,248 letters and 7084 postals written. 

During the past year the office has lost by death 
from its faithful working force, Mrs. Ruth 
M. G. Pealer, for fourteen years the efficient 
Genealogist; two clerks resigned to accept 
government positions and one clerk was trans- 
ferred to the position of clerk to the Magazine 
and assistant in the Business Office. 

During the "flu" epidemic the office was 
much hampered by illness among the individual 
clerks and in their respective families, but 
owing to the esprit de corps and efficiency of 
the force the work of the National Society has 
not suffered, and all papers, including applica- 
tions are being taken up as promptly as they 
are received each month. 

The report of the Treasurer General 
was listened to with deep attention and 
frequently brought forth much applause. 
The report follows : 

Some adopt the slogan, " Watch us grow," and 
in most instances it is a very good one, but 
should your Treasurer General adopt it she 
would immediately be called to account by the 
Registrar General for infringing upon her pre- 
rogatives ; therefore, in the interests of self- 
preservation, one equally as important to us 
has been selected, " Watch us pay." 

We entered Congress a year ago owing 
$84,806.72; to-day we owe but $58,158.93, a 
reduction during the past year of $26,647.79. 
The first mortgage, covering Lots 4, 5, 6, 7 
and 11, amounting to $2000, has been paid 

and released. Two thousand dollars of the 
second mortgage covering these same lots 
has been paid. The mortgage of $10,000, 
covering Lots 23 to 28, has been paid in full, 
and the Release of same will soon be a 
matter of record. 

The amount borrowed from the Philippine 
Scholarship Fund — $1130 — -has been paid, as 
has also the amount borrowed from the 
Emily Nelson Ritchie McLean Fund — 

The balance of our heritage of the Maga- 
zine indebtedness of $10,000 has been paid, 
and while it was a great waste of money, I 
trust the lesson will not be lost upon the 
Daughters, and the next time they feel in- 
clined to throw away $90,000 they will stop 
and consider. Our indebtedness at the pres- 
ent time consists of one demand note of 
$38,000, being the balance of the purchase 
price of the lots directly back of our building 
and being rented to the Government for such 
a period as it may see fit to occupy it, and 
three notes amounting to $20,158.93, secured 
by mortgage on Lots 4, 5, 6, 7 and 11. It 
has not been easy to make this reduction and 
not hamper the work of the Society, but it 
has been done, and in the printed report you 
will find much to be proud of. 

We have $61,300 invested in Liberty Bonds, 
all bearing 4^/4 per cent., and we have, as you 
will see by examining the report, quite an 
amount on hand for the next issue. 

The entire contribution to this fund, state by 
state, will be found in the back of the report, 
and I trust each state delegation will carefully 
scan the amount given by its state, and if the 
full quota has not been met, make a determined 
effort at this time to do so. The entire con- 
tribution to the Tilloloy Fund is also given in 
the same way, and with a small effort on your 
part the full amount for this can be raised. 

The amount contributed, during the past year 
only, for support of French orphans is tabu- 
lated state by state, and each state has reason 
to be proud of its efforts. During the coming 
year it is to be hoped the interest in this 
wonderful work will not abate. 

The subscriptions to the Magazine show a 
material increase over last year — but it still 
deserves more whole-souled support. If you 
could read the letters of commendation coming 
to us from prominent educators and others 
whose opinions are worth while concerning the 
value of the Magazine from educational and 
historical standpoint, many of you would feel 
ashamed of yourselves for the unconcerned 
attitude you adopt regarding subscribing for 
what you should consider your Magazine. 
You will no doubt notice a large increase in 



expenses in the Certificate Division of the olifice 
of Recording Secretary General. In consider- 
ing this fact it should be taken into con- 
sideration that this covers not only the handling 
of all Certificates issued during the past year, 
but 11,436 left over from the previous Admin- 
istration, and which the last Congress author- 
ized the signing and distribution of ; with the 
increase in postage-price of seals, mailing 
tubes, etc., this has increased the expense of 
this division at least $2000. 

The matter of the amount due the originator 
of the Block Certificate plan — one long dis- 
cussed — was after a full investigation of the 
same settled for $1500, and after inspecting 
the amounts expended in the work by Mrs. 
Block, it is no more than an act of justice that 
this Congress extend a vote of thanks to Mrs. 
Block for this generous settlement. 

At the risk of being accused of " talking 
shop," I wish to call the attention of chapter 
treasurers to a receipt book published by our 
official stationers, J. E. Caldwell & Company, 
and would suggest that they investigate the 
merits of it. In my estimation it would save 
much confusion regarding dues if the use of the 
same were more generally adopted. A sample 
will be on exhibition at the time of the confer- 
ence between the chapter and state treasurers and 
Treasurer General. I also suggest that chapter 
treasurers more generally adopt the idea of 
keeping a set of books for a record of financial 
transactions of the chapter with members and 
the National Society — your head is not the 
proper place for such records. 

It is quite necessary that the Board proceed- 
ings reach all National Officers, state and chap- 
ter regents, as well as the various committee 
members. Even though they attend the meet- 
ings, it is essential that this information be 
accessible at all times. To publish this and dis- 
tribute it after each Board meeting would entail 
an expense to the Society of at least $5000. 

All this is published in the Magazine, and 
it seems hardly fair that the Society should 
reap the benefit of this and not credit the 
medium through which this information is 
deceminated, with the amount it would cost 
if handled otherwise. If the space used for this 
purpose in the Magazine were available for ad- 
vertisements, the Magazine could make a much 
better showing. I therefore recommend that 
$5000 be appropriated from the current fund 
and placed to the credit of the Magazine as 
recompense for publishing and distributing the 
Board proceedings. 

After a full investigation of the source from 
which the Emily Nelson Ritchie McLean Fund 
was derived, it has been found that the major 
part of this fund consists of contributions made 

for the use of our building with the accumu- 
lated interest on same. Of necessity it is not 
possible to use the money for the purpose for 
which the fund was created. I therefore rec- 
ommend that the amount in this fund be trans- 
ferred to the Permanent Fund, where it 
properly belongs. 

A debt is a debt, but it is not quite so appall- 
ing if it is not connected with a mortgage. In 
days gone by this organization could not borrow 
money upon its note without security but we 
have outgrown that, and have reached the stage 
where we are rated as a " safe risk " and can 
borrow on the note of the Society. We have 
but one remaining mortgage, and in order that 
we may have all our holdings clear from mort- 
gages, I recommend that this Congress au- 
thorize the procuring of a loan for such an 
amount as will cancel the indebtedness in the 
form it now is. 

This money can be secured at the same rate 
as our other indebtedness and payable upon 
demand, enabling us to make payments as we 
see fit. With proper economy we can — at the 
longest — in three years be entirely out of debt 
and in shape to make plans for an office build- 
ing properly equipped for convenience and 
efficiency in carrying on our work. 

For the convenience and information of Con- 
gress, a tabulated list of the voting strength of 
Congress under present rules and under the 
proposed revision has been placed at the close 
of the printed report. These figures are based 
upon the supposition that every member in 
every chapter is in good standing ; unfortu- 
nately that is not the case. This information is 
given you in order that you may vote under- 
standingly upon the representation question 
when it is presented to you. If further infor- 
mation is desired, it will be given upon request. 

In closing, I wish to express my appreciation 
of the many courtesies extended me by my 
fellow-officers, and I also desire to express 
publicly my thanks to my efficient office force. I 
should be lost without " My Girls," and my one 
wish is that you will appreciate their conscien- 
tious efforts to please everybody all the time. 
That is not an easy thing to do, but they strive 
to do it. 

The Treasurer General was followed 
by the reports of committees, given by 
Mrs. Woodbury Pulsifer, Chairman of 
Finance ; Mrs. William H. Talbott, Chair- 
man of Auditing-; Mrs. Benjamin D. 
Heath, Director General in Charge of 
Report to Smithsonian Institution. 



The committee chairmen were followed 
by two National Officers, the Librarian 
General, Mrs. James M. Fowler, whose 
report of the development of the library 
at Memorial Continental Hall was en- 
thusiastically received, and the Curator 
General, Miss Catherine Brittin Barlow, 
whose notable work has done much to 
make the Museum of great value and 
interest. Miss Barlow said in part: 

" The gifts donated are improving in 
character . . . the requirements of a 
museum in a woman's organization natu- 
rally call for articles of the home or the 
personal possessions of women. The 
gifts this year total 141." 

The evening session on Monday was 
unique in that the speakers were all 
women. The program comprised : 

Bugle Call. 

Entrance of Pages escorting the President 

Music: "Songs of the Old Folks" (Lake) — 

The Marine Band, Wm. Santelmann, Leader. 

Invocation : Bishop John W. Hamilton, D.D., 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Song : " The Star Spangled Banner " — Mr. E. 
A. Lang, Leader. 

Address : " Woman's Relation to the League of 
Nations " — Mrs. Philip North Moore, Presi- 
dent National Council of Women. 

Vocal Solo : Selected — Mrs. F. Shreve-Heart- 

Address : " A Woman's View of the War 
Zone " — Mrs. George Barnett. 

Cornet Solo : " When the Boys Come Home " 
(Smith)— Mr. Arthur S. Witcomb. 

Address : " To Have and to Hold " — Mrs. 
Percy V. Pennypacker, War Camp Commu- 
nity Service. 

Vocal Solo : Selected — Mrs. F. Shreve-Heart- 

Address : " The Effect of the American Revo- 
lution on the History of the Serbian Nation " 
— Madame Slavko Y. Grouitch, wife of the 
Minister from Serbia. 

Song : " America " — Mr. E. A. Lang, Leader. 

Benediction — Bishop Hamilton. 

The voting strength of the Congress 
Avas announced to be 1035. 

(The account of Congress for the week 
will be concluded in the June magazine. y 


Major Fred J. Wood's fifth install- 
ment of his series of articles on " His- 
toric Turnpike Roads and Toil-Gates " 
will appear in the June, 1919, magazine. 
In this installment Major Wood de- 
scribes the turnpikes in Vermont and 
Rhode Island, and uses many photo- 
graphs taken by himself. 

That Major Wood's articles are 
arousing widespread interest is testi- 
fied by the letters of praise received. 

Little is known of the old turnpikes... 
but with the nation-wide agitation to 
improve transportation facilities through- 
out the country these roads are again- 
coming into prominence and the 
Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion Magazine is fortunate in securing: 
for its readers articles by such an author- 
ity on the subject as Major Wood. 



How true the following: 

There's many a trouble would burst like a bubble, and 
into the waters of the Lethe depart, if we did not rehearse 
it and tenderly nurse it, and give it a place in our heart. 

There's many a sorrow would vanish to-morrow, were 
we but willing to furnish the wings ; so sadly intruding and 
quietly brooding, it hatches out all sorts of terrible things. 

For the first time since I have been your President General I omitted in the April 
magazine my page of Comments. 

When that issue went to press I was on the Pacific Coast, visiting the State Conferences 
of California, Oregon and Washington. In February it was my pleasure to visit these Con- 
ferences — the first time in the history of the Society that a President General ever visited 
a State Conference in any of these states. 

Although these members are so far from the national headquarters, they are fully alive 
to their responsibilities as Daughters of the American Revolution, and are the leaders in 
their communities in all that stands for real patriotism. 

The Continental Congress is a thing of the past, and we, as a Society, are again facing 
the coming of another year. What is our attitude? Are we going to fortify our strength, 
concentrate our energies and lay such plans as will bring about results worthy of our best 
efforts ; or are we going to dissipate our strength, scatter our energies, and make no plans, 
but, like Micawber, just wait for something to turn up? Do not yield to the temptation of 
simply remembering the work that has been accomplished and let months slip by without 
definite plans formulated. Commence at once to lay the foundation for constructive work, 
the accomplishment of which will bring the same feeling of satisfaction and pride as did the 
work just laid down. Unless the work of the Chapter is conscientiously planned, capable 
committees appointed, interest aroused and an eternal vigilance maintained by the Regent 
and a faithful cooperation by every member, remembering always the duty to both Chapter 
and the National Society, the Chapter is of little value to the individuals comprising it, the 
National Society of Which the Chapter is an important part, or the community where it 
is located. 

The active work of the War Relief Service Committee created at the Twenty-sixth 
Continental Congress was brought to an end at the close of the Congress just past, and the 
great problems now confronting us are in connection with the real Americanization of both 
the foreigners in our country and our own native born. The solutions of these problems 
are an imperative duty, and our great opportunity. 

The one regret in connection with our splendid war work has been that it was not done 
through our own organization. Let us see to it that our work of Reconstruction and 
Americanization is done through our own Society. 

The National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution, which has fostered and 
developed the truest patriotism and love of country for over twenty-eight years, with its 
well-established organization extending from our National Headquarters to the Chapters in 
every state in the Union, is ready to begin and fitted to continue the new plan recently out- 
lined by Secretary Lane without any loss of time necessary in developing any new society. 
Do not let us again sink our identity in other organizations just created, no matter how 
worthy their aims. Rather let us make our influence so potent that the army of enthusiastic 
women throughout the land will work with us in this campaign for real American citizenship. 



By Isabel L. Smith 

|U Savannah, Georgia, " the 
Forest City of the South " be- 
longs the honor of sending the 
first steamship across the 
Atlantic Ocean, just one hun- 
dred years ago. 
The Savannah, of 350 tons burthen, 
built at Corlear's Hook, New York, was 
at first intended for a sailing packet 
between that port and Havre. When 
on the stocks, she attracted the atten- 
tion of Captain 
Moses Rogers, 
who had been 
with Fulton 
and Stevens in 
com manding 
the Clermont 
and several 
others of the 
earliest steam- 
boats on inland 
waters. On his 
advice the ves- 
sel was pur- 
c based by 
Messrs. Scar- 
bo r o u g h & 
Isaacs, a 
wealthy S a- 
vannah s h i p - 
ping firm, for 
the purpose of 



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fitting her with engines in order to give 
that city — then one of the most important 
American seaports — the credit of being 
the first to start a line of transatlantic 
steamers. Hence the name given to her 
by the firm. The Savannah was riggged 
as a ship, but with no sails higher than 
top-gallant-sails, steam apparently being 
intended as an auxiliary in calms or with 
light head winds. Her mainmast and 
foremast were more widely separated 
than on ships 
designed for 
sail alone. The 
former, in fact, 
stood consider- 
ably more aft 
than it is ordi- 
narily placed 
in sailing ships, 
as will be seen 
in our wood- 
cut, evidently 
to facilitate the 
placing of the 
boiler, engines, 
and coal bunk- 
ers in the mid- 
dle of the ship 
and still for- 
ward of the 

Her engine 
was built by 



Stephen Vail, afterwards associated with 
Morse in the invention of the telegraph, 
at the Speedwell Iron Works, near 
Morristown, New Jersey. It was simi- 
lar to our present marine engines, being 
direct-acting and low-pressure. It had, 
however, only one cylinder, of forty 
inches in diameter, with a six-foot stroke. 
Her boilers could carry only a pressure of 
twenty pounds to the square inch, and 
one description of them states that 
they were constructed only to burn 
wood, that is, " Tamarac," used by 
steamboats on the Mississippi. An- 
other account speaks of seventy-five 
tons of coal and twenty-five tons of 
wood having been taken on board for 
fuel, and in her log reference is made in 
one entry to her being short of coal. 
This was on June 18, 1819, when the 
log records that at " 4 p.m. Corke bore 
west to S. 5 leagues distant," and that 
at " 2 A.M. calm, no cole to git up steam." 
Several boilers were rejected before 
one was found that would stand the 
tests made by Captain Rogers. There 
was such a considerable delay in com- 
pleting the engines, owing, as it was 
said at the time, to their unusual size, 
that it was very late in the winter of 
1818-1819 before her machinery was in 
working order. 

The paddle-wheels of the Savannah 
were of wrought iron, and comprised 
eight radial arms, held in place by one 
flange, and so constructed as to enable 
them to be closed together like a fan. 
They were furnished with a series of 
joints, so that they could be detached 
speedily from the shaft and taken on 
deck, when a storm or other circum- 
stances required this to be done ; the 
shaft had a peculiar joint at each end 
arranged for the purpose. The ship- 
ping or unshipping of the wheels was 

easily accomplished in twenty minutes. 
Under sail alone the speed of the vessel 
was, with a fresh breeze, from nine to 
ten knots an hour ; but under steam we 
have been able to secure no exact infor- 
mation as to what it was. 

The space allotted for her cabin was 
divided into two saloons — one for ladies 
and the other for gentlemen — and were 
handsomely furnished, we are told, with 
" imported carpets, curtains and hang- 
ings, and decorated with mirrors. Her 
thirty-two state rooms were provided 
with what was then considered luxuri- 
ant comforts for a sea voyage." In 
fact, her cabins were described as re- 
sembling those " of a pleasure yacht 
rather than those of a steam packet." 

This historic ship left New York on 
March 29, 1819, for Savannah, where 
she arrived on April 8th. The New 
York Mercantile Adviser of March 27, 
1819, gave the following notice of her 
departure on this her trial trip : 

By an advertisement in this day's paper it will 
be seen that the new and elegant ship Savannah 
is to leave our harbour to-morrow. Who 
would have had the courage 20 years ago to 
hazard a prediction that a ship of 350 tons 
burthen would be built in the port of New 
York to navigate the Atlantic propelled by 
steam? Such, however, is the fact. With ad- 
miring hundreds have we repeatedly viewed 
this prodigy, and can also bear witness to the 
wonderful celerity with which she moved 
through the water. On Monday last a trial 
was made of her speed, and although there was 
at no time more than an inch of steam upon 
her, and for the greater part only half an inch, 
with a strong wind and tide ahead, she went 
within a mile of the anchoring ground at 
Staten Island and returned to " Fly Market 
Wharf " in 1 hour and 50 minutes. When it is 
considered that she is calculated to bear 20 
inches of steam and that her machinery is 
entirely new, it may be easily imagined that 
she will, with ease, pass any of the steam- 
boats upon our waters. 

The log-book of the Savannah gives 
us the particulars of this, her first 

1 s < 



voyage to sea. From it we ascertain that 
the vessel " got under way for sea with 
the crew on board at ten a.m., Sunday 
March 28, 1819," and that the pilot left 
the ships off Sandy Hook Light three 
hours later, " with fresh breezes at 
N. W." It is evident that the vessel 
left under sail, for no mention is made 
of steam in the log. At four p.m., the 
sailing master records that " with fresh 
breezes and clear " the " Hilands of 
Never Sink bore N. b. W. 16 leagues 
distant, from which I take my depar- 
ture." " Thus," an American writer 
observes on this entry in the leg, " the 
sailing-master of the pioneer Trans- 
atlantic steamship, with a little crew of 
daring seamen, made the first record 
in a vessel's log-book of the day and 
hour in which he last saw land in New 
York harbor as he took his departure 
for a distant port." 

At eleven a.m. the log records the fact 
that they " got steam up and began to 
blow fresh ; we took the wheels in on 
deck in 30 minutes." On April 3d, it 
states that the weather was calm and 
pleasant, and that at three p.m. they 
" stowed the wheels and started the 
wheels, firled all sail." 

The vessel came to anchor at Savan- 
nah at four A.M. on April 6th, eight 
days and fifteen hours (207 hours) from 
Sandy Hook, during which the engine 
was used only forty-one and a half hours. 

The Savannah Republican of April 7, 
1819, thus announced her arrival and 
the popular interest it excited: 

The steamship Saz'aniiah arrived at our 
port last evening, after a boisterous passage of 
seven days from New York. On her approach 
to the city, hundreds of citizens flocked to the 
banks of the river, and, while she ascended, 
saluted her with long and loud huzzas ! The 
utmost confidence is placed in her security. 
It redounds much to the honor of Savannah, 
when it is said that its was owing to the 

enterprise of some of her spirited citizens that 
the first attempt was made to cross the Atlantic 
Ocean in a vessel propelled by steam. We sin- 
cerely hope the owners may reap a rich reward 
for their splendid and laudable undertaking. 

President Monroe, the members of 
his Cabinet, and other distinguished 
men made a trip to Savannah to see the 
new steamer. They were the guests of 
the " Merchant Prince," William Scar- 
borough, who arranged a trip on the 
Savannah to Tybee Island at the mouth 
of the bay. 

Here a public dinner was given in 
a booth erected for the occasion. The 
booth was ornamented with branches of 
laurel and wreaths and at the head of the 
table was an arch beautifully decorated 
with roses so arranged as to form the 
name of James Monroe. 

Many toasts were offered and re- 
sponded to by the President, and John 
C. Calhoun, the Secretary of War; 
Major General Gains, U. S. Army, Wil- 
liam Bullock, Colonel James E. Hous- 
ton and others. 

The toast, The Constitution of the 
United States — framed by the zvisdom of 
sages — may our Statesmen and posterity 
regard it as the National Ark of political 
safety never to be abandoned, was drunk 
with all standing. 

In the Savannah Republic we have 
the following advertisement on the 19th 
of May following : 


The steamship Savannah, Captain Rogers, 
will without fail, proceed for Liverpool direct, 
to-morrow, 20th instant. Passengers, if any 
offer, can be well accommodated. Apply on 

No passengers, however, offered 
themselves, probably from a fear either 
of the ship being set on fire by her 
furnaces or blown up by the explosion 



of her boilers ; and, we have reason to 
believe, carried no freight. Neverthe- 
less, the Savannah weighed her anchor 
two days later than the day advertised, 
and sailed for Liverpool. 

The captain of an American schooner 
which arrived at Newburyport reports 
having sighted the Savannah on the 
29th of May, in lat. 27° 30', long. 70°. 
She was then ahead to eastward, with 
volumes of smoke issuing from her. 
Concluding it was a ship on fire, he 
stood for her in order to afford relief; 
" but," observes the captain, " found 
she went faster with fire and smoke 
than we could with all sail set! We 
then discovered that the vessel on fire 
was nothing less than a steamboat 
crossing the western ocean, laying her 
course, as we judge, for Europe, a proud 
monument of Yankee skill ! " 

The London Times of June 30, 1819, 
thus announced her arrival : 

" The Savannah, a steam-vessel re- 
cently arrived at Liverpool from Amer- 
ica — the first vessel of the kind which 
ever crossed the Atlantic — was chased 
the whole day off the coast of Ireland 
by the Kite, revenue cruiser on the Cork 
station, which mistook her for a ship 
on fire." 

The sailing-master, Stevens Rogers, 
thus described her arrival off Cork on 
June 17th, in a communication to a 
Connecticut paper, after the arrival at 
New York on April 21, 1838, of the 
Sirius and Great Western: 

She (the Savannah) was seen from the tele- 
graph station at Cape Clear, on the southern 
coast of Ireland, and reported as a ship on 
fire. The admiral, who lay in the Cove of 
Cork, despatched one of the King's cutters to 
her relief ; but great was their wonder at their 
inability with all sail set, in a fast vessel, to 
come up with a ship under bare poles. After 
several shots were fired from the cutter the 
engine was stopped, and the surprise of her 

crew at the mistake they had made, as well as 
their curiosity to see the singular Yankee craft, 
can easily be imagined. They asked permission 
to go on board, and were much gratified by the 
inspection of this novelty. 

On June 18th the sailing-master an- 
nounced, as already quoted from his 
log, that when off Cork there was " no 
cole to git up steam." This must have 
been a great disappointment to Captain 
Rogers, who, after his chase by His 
Majesty's cutter, would doubtlessly 
have wished to run up channel under 
steam. We find, however, that " with 
all sails set to the best advantage," the 
Savannah hove to, at two p.m. " off the 
nar for the tide to rise." The log then 
states that at " 5 p.m. shipped the wheels, 
firld the sails, and running to the river 
Mercer at 6 p m.. came to anchor off 
Liverpool with the small bower anchor." 
This made the run twenty-nine days 
and eleven hours from Savannah to 
Liverpool, during which the engine 
and the wheels were in use only eighty 

While the Savannah lay to, waiting 
for the tide to cross the bar, she had 
colors flying, and a boat from a British 
sloop-of-war came alongside and hailed 
her. The sailing-master ran on deck 
and held the following laconic conver- 
sation with the officer : 

"Where is your master?" inquired 
the officer. 

" I have no master," was the reply. 

"Where is your captain, then?" 

" He's below. Do you wish to see 
him? " 

" I do, sir." 

The captain, who was below, then 
put in appearance, and asked the officer 
what he wanted with him. 

" Why do your wear that pennant, 



" Because my country allows me, 
sir," answered the captain. 

" My commander," replied the offi- 
cer, " thinks it was done to insult him, 
and if you don't take it down he will 
send a force that will do it." 

The captain then called out to the 
engineer, " Get the hot-water engine 
ready ! " 

" Although," adds the sailing-master, 
" there was no such engine on board 
the vessel, it had the desired effect, for 
John Bull paddled off as fast as possible." 

On approaching Liverpool the ship- 
ping, piers and roofs of houses were 
thronged with persons cheering the 
adventurous craft. Several naval offi- 
cers, noblemen, and merchants from 
London came to visit her, and were 
curious to ascertain her speed, destina- 
tion, etc. Soon after her arrival Jerome 
Bonaparte offered a large reward to 
any one who would rescue his brother 
from St. Helena, and the Savannah was 
suspected of having some such object 
in view, consequently during her stay 
of twenty-five days at Liverpool she was 
jealously watched by the authorities. 

On the 23d day of July the Savannah 
sailed for St. Petersburg, getting under 
way with steam and a large fleet of 
vessels in company. Copenhagen and 
Stockholm were " touched " on the 
way ; and, at the latter place, His Royal 
Highness, Oscar, Prince of Norway 
and Sweden, came on board. While 
here the Savannah was also visited by 
"Mr. Huse (Christopher Huse), the 
American Minister, and Lady, all the 
Furran Ministers and their Ladyes." 
And when she sailed she had as a pas- 
senger Sir Thomas Graham, Lord Lyne- 
dock, of England. 

The sailing master informs us that 

on the passage he expressed a wish to 
see the vessel brought from steam to 
canvas, and that his Lordship " held 
his watch and noted the time, fifteen 
(15) minutes, and was so delighted 
that he exclaimed, ' I blame no man 
born in the United States for being 
proud of his country, and were I a young 
man, I would go there myself *." 

The Savannah left Stockholm on the 
5th of September and on the ninth she 
reached Cronstadt, having used steam 
the entire trip. Upon the invitation of 
our Ambassador at the court of St. 
Petersburg, when the vessel arrived 
there, the Russian Lord High Admiral, 
Marcus de Travys and other distin- 
guished Naval and Military Officers 
tested her superior qualities by a trip 
back to Cronstadt and return to St. 

On the tenth of October, the Savan- 
nah again steamed out, but this time with 
her bow towards home. Captain Rogers 
carried with him a substantial reminder 
of the success of his voyage, a massive 
silver gold-lined tea-kettle, upon which 
the donor had engraved the following 
inscription : " Presented to Captain 
Moses Rogers of the Steamship Savan- 
nah, being the first steam vessel that had 
crossed the Atlantic, by Sir Thomas 
Graham, Lord Lynedock, a passenger 
from Stockholm to St. Petersburg, 
September 15, 1819." Rogers was the 
recipient of many other valuable gifts, 
among them a beautiful gold snuff-box 
from the Emperor of Russia. 

The Savannah arrived at her home 
port on the thirteenth of November and 
was once more turned into a sailing 
vessel and put upon the old run between 
Savannah, Ga., and New York City. 

On the fifth of November, 1821, under 



Captain Holdridge, she encountered a 
severe storm off Moriches on the south 
shore of Long Island and became a 
total loss. Her machinery which had 
been removed was bought by James 
Allaire. At the opening of the exposi- 
tion of the Crystal Palace, London, in 
1856, the cylinder of the old steamship 
and the log were placed on exhibition 
and are still to be seen there, the only 
known part of the steamship in existence. 

Our British cousins claim for them- 
selves the honor of having introduced 
steam navigation on the High Seas. 

In Passage Churchyard, near Cork, 
Ireland, there is a monument to Cap- 
tain Richard Roberts, of the British 
Sirhis, with the following inscription : 

This stone commemorates, &c., the merits 
of the first officer under whose command a 
steam vessel ever crossed the Atlantic Ocean 
( !) — undaunted bravery exhibited in the sup- 
pression of the slave trade, &c., recommended 
him for the arduous service. 

The thousands that shall follow in his trade 
must not forget who it was that taught the 
world to traverse, &c., the highway of the ocean 
(with steam). 

Yes, but the world must remember it 
was the American, Moses Rogers, who 
first accomplished this feat, and not 
the British Richard Roberts, and in 
1819 instead of 1838. 

The following extract from the arch- 
ives of official papers furnishes proof to 
silence hereafter the misrepresentation: 


From the U. S. Minister to England, Richard 

To the Department of State 

Sir : On the twentieth of last month ar- 
rived at Liverpool from the United States the 
steamship Savannah, Captain Rogers, being the 
first vessel of this description that has ever 
crossed the seas, and having excited equal 
admiration and astonishment as she entered 
the port under the power of steam. 

She is a fine ship, of three hundred and 
twenty (320) tons burden, and exhibits in her 
construction no less than she has done in her 
navigation across the Atlantick — a signal 
trophy of American enterprise and skill npon 
the ocean. (This clause is especially and re- 
spectfully recalled to the consideration of the 
Joint Select Committee.) 

I learn from Captain Rogers, who has come 
to London and been with me (hence not a 
"myth," as declared by Woodcroft), that she 
worked with great ease and safety on the voy- 
age, and used her steam full eighteen days. 

Her engine acts horizontally, and is equal 
to a seventy-two horse power. Her wheels, 
which are of iron, are on the sides, and re- 
movable at pleasure. The fuel laid in was 
fifteen hundred bushels of coal, which got ex- 
hausted on her entrance into the Irish Channel. 

The captain assures me that the weather 
in general was extremely unfavorable, or he 
would have made a much shorter passage; be- 
sides that, he was five days detained in the 
Channel for want of coal. 

I have the honor to be, &c., &c., 

Richard Rush. 

Minister Rush also wrote of Captain 
Rogers as an enterprising, intelligent, 
and patriotic mariner of our country, and 
expressed himself as most anxious that 
he should have every opportunity to ad- 
vance the interests of American shipping. 


By Mrs. Jessie Lockhart 
Chairman of the South Dakota Real Daughters' Committee 

RS. Charlotte Warrington Tur- 
ner, who enjoyed the distinction 
of being South Dakota's only 
Real Daughter, died March 15, 
1918, at Yankton, South Dakota, 
in her eighty-second year. At 

her death one of the few remaining links 

was severed which 

connected the pres- 
ent with the his- 
toric past. 

Mrs. Turner was 

born December 31, 

1836, in Delaware 

County, Ohio. She 

was the daughter 

of Sergeant Wil- 

1 i a m Warrington, 

of Virginia, a mem- 
ber o f Washington's 

body guard and a 

close friend of that 

noted general. Ser- 
geant Warrirgton 

was married four 

times and Mrs. 

Turner was the 

only child of his 

last wife. She was 

born on a farm 

near Cincinnati and 

here her early girl- 

h o o d was spent. 



Her parents were of the first families of 
Delaware County and the little Char- 
lotte was spoken of as a more than ordi- 
narily bright pupil while attending school 
and college. 

When less than eighteen years of age 
she was married to Albert Turner, Octo- 
ber 26. 1854, at her 
home in Ohio. She 
was the mother of 
two daughters 
and in later years 
adopted a son, Ed- 
ward Turner, who 
died several years 
ago. One daugh- 
ter, Mrs. William 
La Mont, of Rapid 
City, S. D., died 
January, 1917, leav- 
ing two children. 
The other daugh- 
t e r , Miss Lettie 
Turner, of New- 
ark, Ohio, is still 
living — a woman 
past sixty years 
of age. 

I n November, 
1885, Mrs. Turner, 
then a woman of 
fifty, came as a 
pioneer to South 



Dakota, accompanied by her daughter, 
and settled on the Indian Reservation at 
Medicine Creek, half way between Pierre 
and Rapid City. For two years she had 
charge of the meal station there for the 
North Western Stage Company, and 
many graphic stories she has related of 
her life on the reservation. She became 
an expert horsewoman and could hunt 
and shoot with the best of marksmen, but 
her life at this time was one of privation 
and loneliness, and often in danger from 
prowling Indians. 

In November, 1887, she moved to 
Rapid City, where she lived until 
within two weeks of her death. At this 
place she maintained and supervised a 
small milk farm and was known as the 
" Black Hills Dairy Woman," until failing 
health from overwork and exposure 
compelled her to retire. She was a 
member of the Presbyterian church 
and a member of the National Society, 
Daughters of the American Revolution. 
For several years she had received the 
eight dollars per month pension given, 
by that organization, and the societies 
of the D. A. R. and S. A. R. of South 
Dakota have cared for her to a certain 
extent during the past three years. 

In October, 1917, she expressed the 
wish to revisit her old home and see her 
daughter in Ohio. Through the efforts 
of the D. A. R. chapters of the. stal^^; 
her request was granted. She remained 
but a few weeks and becoming home- 
sick returned to Rapid City, where she 
had lived for over thirty years. Feeble 
and ill in health, the once active mind 
became dim, and her condition grow- 
ing rapidly worse, she was placed in 
the hospital at Yankton, where she 
could have medical attention and care. 
She only survived two weeks. She was 
tenderly cared for and laid to rest in 

the cemetery at Yankton by the Daniel 
Newcomb Chapter of that city, with 
fitting and appropriate services for the 

Recorded in a " History of the Revo- 
lution " we find the following sketch 
which pertains to her father : 

A Revolutionary Hero 

Among the many who won for themselves 
imperishable names during the Revolutionary- 
struggles and whose valorous deeds have justly 
been recorded, is that of Wm. Warrington, a 
man who was patriotic and brave to a fault 
and whose earthly glory was crowned with a 
life which ended near the century mark. 

William Warrington was born in 
Accomac County, Va., April 29, 1754, 
and served as a soldier in the War of the 
Revolution, and as a member of Gen- 
eral Washington's bodyguard. He 
enlisted in Accomac County, Va., Feb- 
ruary 14, 1776, where four companies 
of volunteers were raised. He entered 
the service of the patriots as a private 
in Captain Thos. Snead's Company, 
Ninth Virginia Regiment, with Colonel 
Charles Flemming in command. In 
December, 1776, his company joined 
the main army at Morristown, N. J. ; 
during March, 1777, he was, with his 
company, stationed at Newark, N. J. 
Later he was transferred to General 
Washington's bodyguard, commanded 
by Captain Caleb Gibbs, and promoted 
„to sergeant. 

" As a personal bodyguard for Gen- 
eral Washington and his baggage, 
organized in 1776," so runs the order 
" the height of the men must be from 5 
feet 8 to 5 feet 10 ; age from twenty to 
thirty ; men of established character for 
sobriety, fidelity and bravery. They 
must be American born and natives of 

During the memorable winter (1777- 
1778) when the Continental Army 



under General 
Washington was 
in camp at Val- 
ley Forge, Ser- 
geant Warring- 
ton was one of 
the resolute sol- 
diers who stood 
firm and stead- 
fast, and pre- 
dieted victory 
wheh the for- 
tunes of the 
patriots were at 
the lowest ebb 
and all hope had 
seemingly van- 
ished. When 
Sergeant War- 
r i n g t o n was 
mustered out of 
service and re- 
turned to his 
home in Virginia 
he bore with him, 
during the remainder of his Hfe, a love 
and devotion for General Washington that 
was akin to reverence. It was his delight 
to narrate to his family and friends 
anecdotes of his General. One of these 
relates to an incident in which Martha 
Washington figured. She was with the 
General at Headquarters and had occa- 
sion to go outside the lines. Upon her 
return, having forgotten the counter- 
sign, Sergeant Warrington, who was 
acting as the sentinel at Headquarters, 
refused to permit her to pass. Mrs. 
Washington pleaded, but all in vain. 
The only suggestion he would consider 
was to inform the General of the pre- 
dicament of the " Lady of Gracious 
Memory." General Washington went 
^o her rescue and laughingly whispered 
the password to his wife and she was 





permitted to 
pass by the ob- 
durate sentinel. 
In telling this 
story Sergeant 
Warrington was 
wont to say : " It 
was the only time 
I ever heard 
General Wash- 
i n g t o n laugh 

Sergeant War- 
rington was also 
a soldier in the 
War of 1812. 
He escaped bul- 
lets, shot and 
shell and met 
with no accident 
during his entire 
period of service 
in either war. 

He was a man 
Df strong opinion. 
When General Lafayette visited the 
United States as a guest of the nation. 
Sergeant Warrington and his family 
resided at Maysville, Ky. When Lafay- 
ette visited that city, great was the 
honor paid him. A carpet was laid 
from the boat to the wharf and a royal 
welcome was extended to the distin- 
guished guest. A ball was also given 
in his honor and Sergeant Warrington 
and his daughters received invitations 
to attend. He did not approve of the 
elaborate celebration so refused to go 
or permit his daughters to do so, say- 
ing that entirely too much homage was 
extended to Lafayette, and declared 
that General Washington would not 
have accepted such demonstrations in 
his honor. With him Washington was 



ever first and he resented anything which 
savored of a division of that honor. 

His daughter, Mrs. Turner, said of 
her father : " He was patriotic, cour- 
ageous and brave ; a large, strong and 
hearty man, with a heavy head of hair, 
and blessed with a life of robust health 
for almost one hundred years. 

" My mother, who was born in 1791 
and died in 1874 at the age of eighty- 
three, was his fourth wife. They were 
married February 12, 1836. I was born 
when father was in his eighty-third 
year, being his seventeenth child. Father 
died May 25, 1852, in his ninety-ninth 
year and was buried in Delaware 
County, Ohio." 

Mrs. Turner had a life-size oil por- 
trait of her father in his Colonial suit, 
the epaulets showing him to have been 
an officer on General Washington's 
staff. It was painted by R. Z. Menden- 

hall, in February, 1850, two years before 
his death, and shows him to good 
advantage. She said she remembered 
well his bringing it home and saying: 
" Here is something to remember me 
by ! " During the year 1876 this paint- 
ing was on exhibition in the State 
House at Columbus, Ohio, and Mrs. 
Turner was invited by state ofificials to 
take it to the Centennial at Philadel- 
phia and act as its custodian, but de- 
clined the invitation. This painting 
is now owned by Mr. Charles Greer, 
of New Castle, Pa., and it is one of few, 
if not the only, oil painting still pre- 
served in good condition of a member 
of General Washington's bodyguard. 
Mr. Greer very generously presented to 
the Magazine the photograph of Mrs. 
Turner and her father, which are here 
reproduced by his kind permission. 


Patriots of 76 


Finest Patriotic Society in the World 



Daughters of the American Revolution 


And request that mv subscription be?in with 


Signature in full 





N. J. 

|RS. MARY WALTON, daughter 
of Cornelius Suydam, a private 
of Middlesex County, New Jer- 
sey, in the Revolutionary War, 
lives with her daughter, Mrs. 
James Davison, in Millbridge, 
She is a member of the Jersey 
Blue Chapter of New Brunswick. 

Mrs. Walton's father is buried in the 
churchyard of 
the Reformed 
Church at 
S p o t s w o o d. 
New Jersey. 
His tombstone 
bears the fol- 
lowing inscrip- 
tion : 

Cornelius Swidam 

Died March 17, 

1851, aged 89 

years, 11 months, 
11 days. 

This life's a 
dream, an 
empty show, 

But the bright 
world to which 
I go 

Hath joys sub- 
stantial and sin- 

W hen I shall 
wake and find 
me there. 

Suydam was 
married three 
times. His 
third wife, 
Margaret Per- 
rine, whom he 
married in 
N. J., when he 





was an old man, had a large family, and 
Mary Suydam Walton was their youngest 
child. At the time of his marriage Cor- 
nelius Suydam lived at Middlebush, but 
moved to the large farm located on both 
sides of Matchaponix Creek when Mary 
was about five years old. This tract, it is 
believed, was in the possession of the 
Suydam family at the time of the Revo- 
lution, since 
portions of a 
desk made in 
1772 of wood 
grown on the 
place is still in 
existence. A de- 
serter from the 
British army 
sought refuge 
with the Suy- 
dams,and being 
a cabinet maker 
by trade, he 
made the desk, 
with the date 
inlaid, in grati- 
tude for the 
protection h e 

Born in 1761, 
Cornelius Suy- 
dam was but a 
boy when he 
took up arms in 
defense of his 
country, but he 
did a man's 
part and left to 
his descendants 
a memory of 
which they may 
well be proud. 


HOSE privileged to view the 
notable collection of war paint- 
i n g s by soldier artists o £ 
France, which are being shown 
in the United States under the 
auspices of the French High Com- 
mission, cannot but be impressed with 
the unconquerable spirit of that gal- 
lant nation. There are sketches made 
in the trenches at two paces from the 
enemy, in the mud, amidst the roar 
of cannon ; more ambitious composi- 
tions executed behind the Hues, some- 
times in hospitals or German prison 
camps. There are satirical drawings, 
ample proof of the Frenchman's flexi- 
bility of spirit which never deserted 
him, even in the face of death, while 
other paintings depict the poilu and 
American " Yank " fighting shoulder 
to shoulder — as in the days of 1776 — 
for the freedom of the world. 

These soldier artists have visualized 
as no others could the suffering in the 
trenches, the bitterness of cold, hunger, 
mud, vermin, the anguish of gas attack, 
bombardment — and final Victory. 

Sergeant Robert Lortac who, with 
M. Ludovic Leblanc, is the delegate 
of the French High Commission in 
charge of the exhibition of paintings, 
wrote as follows in The New France: 

" French Art is truly in mourning. . . . 
But France may be proud of the way 
her sons left their brushes to take up 
their rifles to defend her. 

" The French Government did not put 
its artists into swivel-chairs. Even if it 
had wished to do this, they would not 
have accepted. 

" Numbers of our artists, whose age 
put them beyond the limits of conscrip- 
tion, volunteered at the very beginning 
of the war ; although more than fifty 
years old, like Andre Devamber, who 
was wounded by more than 190 shell 
splinters, or like Jean Veber the cele- 
brated painter of fantasies, who for 4 
years was in the first line trenches, en- 
listed as a common soldier and who is 
to-day a captain. Certainly, he never 
could have had occasion to paint from 
nature more fantastic subjects than 
those he had before his eyes during 
this war without precedent. And you 
will have the proof of this, looking at 
his interesting works in our exposition. 

" I now arrive at a point that I wish to 
emphasize. Upon becoming soldiers, 
the French artists have not ceased, in the 
trenches, to be painters. A day that they 
have ' the blues,' they pull out of their 
knapsacks a sketch-book and a pencil. 
And they look with deepest interest. 

...W^KC BV SH.CK.KX .OKX.C. P.X.XHK .Ko'cl.VoO.'':s''x 0-hVsX.KK OK X ... PU^^^^^^^ 

decorations: medaille militaire, croix de guerre, wound insignia 











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?^<aK5,^^^. ^|V 

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at the formidable and intensely pic- 
turesque drama that unrolls itself around 
them. And they note the different aspects 
of this with an intensity of emotion that 
only soldiers plunged in the crucible of 
battle can feel. 

" For it is evident that only fighting 
men can translate with truth the phases of 
the war. It is especially true for this war, 
in which strange engines, modified from 
day to day, were used. And to depict the 
life of the soldier it is necessary, first of 
all, to have lived it — to have supported 
the weight of the knapsack, endured the 
anguish of bombardment, the nervous 
waiting before the assault, the horror of 
the fighting in close-quarters ; known the 
suffering of hunger and thirst, of cold 
and of mud, without forgetting the 
cooties, which have, also, entered into 
history, and which a lady, the other day, 
in the War Exposition, asked me where 
they were exhibited— feeling afraid, prob- 
ably, that it would be in my beard ! 

" It is because we are sure that only sol- 
diers can paint the war, that Mr. Leblanc 
and myself have assembled this collec- 
tion. And it was not easy. When, a few 

months ago, in Paris, we sent eight 
hundred circulars to the artists at the 
front, we obtained only a hundred af- 
firmative answers. Some were missing 
or prisoners, and the letters came back to 
us. Others answered that they were in a 
hospital or in a heavily bombarded sector, 
and had no leisure to occupy themselves 
with such things. 

" An officer of my battalion, to whom I 
had written, answered me, after the bat- 
tle of Chateau-Thierry, textually these 
words : 

" ' Of the three artist painters that I 
had found for your exhibition in America, 
two are killed, and the third is in the hos- 
pital. I do not know if the only survivor 
of the trio will still think of sending.' 

" I must add, that, in order to aid my 
comrades, who, for the greater part, re- 
ceived only five cents a day for four 
years, as private soldiers, all the paint- 
ings are for sale for the benefit of the 
artists who produced them." 

The war has entirely suppressed the 
exhibition of paintings in France and 
the F'rench artist will have no oppor- 
tunity to sell his paintings in his own 
country for a long time. 




In this Honor Roll the approximate Hst of membership in each State is shown 

m the outer nm, and the hst of subscribers according to States is in the inner drde 



The Magazine also has subscribers in 



Connecticut, at this date of publication, 
leads all States with 1089 subscribers 



The Eleventh Annual Conference of the 
California Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion was held in San Francisco, February 13th 
and 14th, at the Palace Hotel. Mrs. C. C. 
Cottle, the State Regent, presided. 

The occasion was one of particular interest, 
as Mrs. Guernsey, the President General, was 
a welcome guest, as was also Mrs. Ellison, the 
State Regent of Massachusetts. 

On the day before the Conference the North 
and South Board entertained Mrs. Guernsey 
at luncheon at the Fairmount Hotel, and after- 
wards attended in a body a reception and tea 
given by the Northern Daughters at the Fine 
Arts Building. 

This Eleventh Conference is the first in the 
history of the California Daughters which has 
been attended by a President General, and 
Mrs. Guernsey's forceful talks on both days 
did much toward drawing the East and the 
West together, and in stimulating fresh inter- 
est in the organization. Beautiful baskets of 
spring flowers were presented to Mrs. Guern- 
sey and Mrs. Cottle. 

There was a strong delegation from the 
South, and the general attendance on both days 
was good, in spite of a light rain which pre- 
vailed. The excellent programs and splendid 
vocal and instrumental music held the atten- 
tion of the audience throughout both sessions. 

On the 14th, the Reciprocity Luncheon was 
attended by about 200 members, and Mr. Henry 
Morse Stevens, of the University of Cali- 
fornia, spoke most convincingly of the duty of 
this nation toward other countries of the world. 

The State Regent's report, given on the first 
day, was a very splendid one and showed untir- 
ing work on the part of the Regent, and fine 
cooperation by the Daughters. The work has 
grown by leaps and bounds, owing partly to 
the demands of the war. There are in the 
State forty-six Chapters and 2029 members ; 
the service flag shows 819 stars, with thirteen 
gold stars ; every Chapter has appointed a War 
Relief chairman and all but two have turned 
in a report. Many Chapters furnished blanks 
to members to keep individual records, which 
in the main they seem willing to do. Total 
amount of money for War Relief work, 

$46,391 : bonds and thrift stamps, $843,920. 
Many Chapters are 100 per cent, on Tilloloy 
fund and the Liberty Loan ; an ambulance has 
been given; ninety-seven orphans taken care 
of, and much other work done and many 
gifts made. 

Besides overseeing all this War Relief work, 
Mrs. Cottle has represented the Daughters on 
many committees, furnished itemized reports 
for the State, County, and City Council for 
Defense, besides the reports for the national 
organization, and found time for doing much 
toward perfecting the state organization. 

The Year Book contains much valuable 
information which is of inestimable help to the 
Chapter Regents. The work of the different 
State Committees has been so regulated that 
duplication has been avoided as far as possible. 
A card-index system has been instituted with 
the names and addresses of every Daughter in 
the state. 

The monthly luncheon which takes place 
every third Tuesday is the day also for the 
Regent's Council meeting, as well as the Execu- 
tive Board meeting — a busy day for the State 

The Regents' Council was instituted as a 
regular monthly meeting by Mrs. Cottle, and 
is ver}' popular with the Chapter Regents as a 
means of obtaining information and thrashing 
out problems. 

The monthly luncheons have done much 
toward promoting a friendly feeling between 
the Daughters of different Chapters, and are 
always well attended. 

A State Historian's book has this year been 
started and completed to date by Mrs. Stowell, 
the past State Historian ; the work involved 
was immense, but Mrs. Stowell calls it a labor 
of love. It contains a complete history of the 
state organization, the history of each Chapter 
and a record of its work. 

Airs. Cottle has been ably assisted in her 
work by Mrs. Wilbur Labry, the State Corre- 
sponding Secretary, who is a devoted member 
of the Daughters and an expert typist. 

There were many other interesting and valu- 
able reports read at the Conference and one- 
minute talks by the Chapter Regents. 

The report of Mrs. Llewellyn Banks, the 
Vice State Chairman of patriotic education in 






the South, was not read but placed on file. It 
contained an account of the splendid Ameri- 
canization work done in the South. A mothers' 
class in connection with the school in the 
Italian and Spanish quarters has been main- 
tained by the Chapters of Los Angeles and 
Hollywood ; over twenty automobile loads of 
furniture, clothes, etc., have been taken there 
throughout the year, besides money and per- 
sonal help given. Other Southern Chapters 
have held patriotic meetings, stimulated attend- 
ance at night school, hired home teachers, pre- 
sented flags and tried in every way to gain the 
confidence and friendship of the alien. The 
South is also educating a number of mountain 
girls. Americanization gave way largely in the 
North to war work. 

The reports of other State Chairmen were 
excellent and showed advance all along the 
line. The magazine chairman showed a gain 
of 66 per cent, in subscriptions to the magazine. 
The new chairman of international relations 
showed that much study along that line had 
been done by the Chapters. 

A talk was given by Archbishop Hanna, who 
is a member of the State Immigration Com- 
mission, on Americanization. Mr. Sidney 
Coryn's subject was: "Is the World Safe for 
Democracy?" Mrs. Aurelia H. Rinehart, 
President of Mills College, spoke of the great 
part women may play in this work of recon- 
struction. All were listened to with close atten- 
tion showing the earnestness with which the 

Daughters are taking up the duties and prob- 
lems of this marvelous new era in the history 
of the world. 

The Convention closed with the reelection 
of most of the old officers, and a stirring ren- 
dering of the " Star Spangled Banner." 

There was a mutual feeling of good fellow- 
ship, a pleasant renewal of interest and friend- 
ship between the North and the South, and 
the comforting feeling prevailed that another 
year would find us together again. 

On the return of Mrs. Cottle to Los Angeles, 
a large reception and tea was held in her honor, 
by the Daughters at the Hotel Alexandria. 
About 375 attended, many Daughters from all 
parts of the United States being present. The 
fact that Mrs. Guernsey could not be present 
was a great disappointment but her message 
was given to the assembled Daughters by 
Mrs. Cottle. j^j^^ j^^^^ ^ Morgax. 

State Corresponding Secretary. 


The Twentieth Annual Conference of the 
Iowa Daughters of the American Revolution 
convened at Sheldon, Iowa, the 19th, 20th and 
21st of March. As Sheldon is in the extreme 
northwest corner of the state, the gathering 
was a great disappointment, but her message 
though the company was small, the work 
accomplished was great. 

Of the State Officers, onlv the Historian 



and the Corresponding Secretary were absent. 
Our National Officers, Mrs. Johnston, Treas- 
urer General, and Mrs. Howell, Vice Presi- 
dent General, were also absent, both too busy, 
the latter having to remain in Des Moines 
to help our State emblem find a habitation 
and a name. Our emblem, designed by Mrs. 
Dixie C. Gebhardt, former State Regent, is 
dear to the heart of every Iowa Daughter, and 
it is the hope that it may really become Iowa's 
own banner. 

We had with us, however, Mrs. Bushnell, of 
Council Blufifs, our Honorary Vice President 
General, and, in a little speech such as only 
Mrs. Bushnell knows how to make, she told us 
how glad she was to be with us, proving her 
words by the statement that of eighteen state 
Conferences she had missed only two. 

There was present one real Granddaughter, 
Mrs. C. F. Brown, of Waterloo Chapter, 

Committee work took up Wednesday, the 
19th, the evening of which was given over to 
an open session at the First Methodist Church. 
At this, there were the customary addresses of 
welcome, greetings, responses, etc., one of 
which merited very particular mention. Vis- 
itors were greeted by Franklin Fairbank, 
President of Drummer Boy Chapter, Children 
of the American Revolution. Sheldon has 
always been a high light in the annals of the 
C. A. R., and surely Master Fairbank, with his 
manly bearing and earnest manner, was a 
splendid representative of their fine organiza- 
tion. He reported that Drummer Boy Chapter, 
itself, purchased $1000 in Liberty Bonds and 
sold $5000 more. A fine talk on " Thrift " was 
given by Mrs. F. C. Whitley, of Webster City, 
former Chairman of the Womens' Committee 
Council National Defense for Iowa. 

The last speech of the evening was by Mrs. 
Arthur W. Mann, State Regent, on the 
" D. A. R. and Uncle Sam." It was a force- 
ful plea, eloquently delivered, for more rev- 
erent memories of yesterday, more thoughtful 
work to-day, and more practical dreams for 

Thursday a. m. the Conference was called to 
order by Mrs. Mann and business began. 
Telegrams were read from the President Gen- 
eral, Mrs. Guernsey ; from Mrs. Gebhardt and 
Mrs. H. R. Howell. Reports given by the State 
Officers were all full of interest, but it was the 
report of the Treasurer, Miss Amy Gilbert, of 
State Center, that recorded best the activities 
of the Society. Iowa is, alas ! not yet 100 per 
cent, on the Liberty Loan, but has oversub- 
scribed her allotment for Tilloloy, and has 
received $15,549.89 for the French Orphan 
Fund, supporting 445 children. 

The State Regent, in her report, spoke of the 
unveiling, at Council Bluffs, of the mammoth 
boulder that marks the end of the old Morman 
Trail ; of the attempt, unsuccessful on account 
of the price asked, to purchase the historic 
Sharp Cabin at Lake Okoboji. These were 
later reported at length by Mrs. Bushnell, of 
Iowa Trails, and Mrs. Bliss, of Historic Spots 

Mrs. Eleanor Biggs, who has worked so un- 
tiringly and successfully for the French 
orphans, was unable to be present, but her 
fine report of work accomplished was given. 
Of the 445 children supported by Iowa, 127 
belong to Sheldon, twenty-four to Mary Ball 
Washington Chapter itself, and the other 103 
through their loyal effort. 

On Thursday afternoon the Memorial Hour 
for Daughters who have gone out with the tide 
of the last year was followed by the unveiling of 
the Roll of Honor. This Roll of Honor, a 
most artistic arrangement of names and 
Regents of Chapters that are already 100 per 
cent, on both Tilloloy and Liberty Loan, was 
designed and executed by Mr. E. P. Schoent- 
gen, of Council Bluffs, and will hang in the 
Iowa Room at Continental Hall. Mary Ball 
Washington Chapter heads the list. 

Then each Chapter that had contributed at 
all to the two War Funds received a beauti- 
fully engraved diploma from the State Regent. 
Addressed to the Chapter and its Regent, and 
signed by Mrs. Mann, these diplomas expressed 
her deep appreciation for cooperative work. 

The State Regent's Prize of five dollars for 
Chapter having the most Daughters of the 
American Revolution Magazine subscriptions 
in proportion to membership was awarded 
Pilot Rock Chapter, of Cherokee. 

One of the most interesting reports made 
was that of Mrs. Henry Wallace, Regent of 
Abigail Adams Chapter, Des Moines, on her 
visit to the Mountain Schools, Martha Berry, 
Dorothy Sharp and Berea. She brought back 
from the Martha Berry School a strip of 
cotton weaving which was cut into four table 
covers and sold at $10 each. A coverlet brought 
from the same place was sold to the Confer- 
ence for $1 per share, netting about $68 more. 
The $100 thus raised was sent to the Martha 
Berry School for two one-year scholarships, 
and a further canvass raised a total of $37 for 
the Dorothy Sharp School. When she had 
finished her report, Mrs. Wallace, with the 
approval of the Conference, presented the 
coverlet to Mrs. Mann. 

Mrs. Prentis. of Iowa City, State Registrar 
and our " Flag Lady," made one of her usual 
interesting reports of work done for the 
D. A. R. flag. Many Chapters have made money 



on the sale of the flag, and when it becomes 
the authorized Iowa Emblem, we hope it will 
be a source of real income, for every household 
should have the state banner. 

The Conference conferred the title of Hon- 
orary State Regent upon Mrs. Mary H. S. 
Johnston and Mrs. Dixie C. Gebhardt. 

The budget system was discussed and passed 
on favorably by the Con- 
ference, but will be re- 
ferred to Chapters before 

The election resulted in 
the following officers : Mrs. 

A. W. Mann, of Onawa, 
State Regent; Mrs. E. P. 
Schoentgen, of Council 
Bluffs, State Vice Regent; 
Mrs. George Clark, of Des 
Moines, State Correspond- 
ing Secretary ; Mrs. F. E. 
Frisbee, of Sheldon, State 
Recording Secretary ; Miss 
Amy Gilbert, of State Cen- 
ter, State Treasurer ; Mrs. 
F. B. Thrall, of Ottumwa, 
State Historian ; Mrs. Lue 

B. Prentiss, of Iowa City, 
State Registrar ; Mrs. G. 
H. Bliven, of Sioux City, 
State Auditor. 

A most valuable collec- 
tion of historical relics was 
in charge of Mrs. Abbie D. 
McMillan, of Onawa. 

That was the business of 
the Twentieth Annual Con- 
ference of Iowa Daughters of the American 
Revolution, and now one word must be said 
for Mary Ball Washington Chapter. Along 
with much record breaking, such as French 
Orphans, G. A. R., and so forth, Sheldon has 
disproved the fallacy that a small town cannot 
entertain a state convention. The Conference 
was splendidly taken care of in every particu- 
lar. A pleasant diversion from work was the 
reception given to all visitors by Mr. and Mrs. 
Fred Frisbee, the latter Regent of the hostess 

The Twenty-first Conference will be held at 
Clinton in 1920. 

(Mrs. F. L.) Lena E. Chamberlain, 



Chair I 


The Missouri Daughters of the American 
Revolution held its Nineteenth Annual Confer- 
ence at Jefferson City, October 1st, 2d, 3d 
and 4th, by invitation of the resident Chapter, 
Jane Randolph Jefferson. 

On Tuesday. October 1, an enthusiastic and 
expectant throng waited in the corridors of 
Missouri's State Capitol, the new House of 
Representatives, for the first notes of the 
march. The procession consisted of National 
Officers, State Officers, Honorary State Officers, 
State Chairmen, hostess Chapter officers and 
pages, escorted by the Monticello Society, 
Children of the American 

After the musical rendi- 
tion of " America," the 
Conference was called to 
order by the State Regent, 
Mrs. John Trigg Moss, of 
St. Louis. After the invo- 
cation by the Rev. George 
L. Barnes, the audience 
sang with unwonted mean- 
ing " The Star Spangled 

An address of welcome 
was delivered in the cordial 
manner and frank whole- 
heartedness of Governor 
Frederick Gardner, fol- 
lowed by an address of 
welcome on behalf of the 
citizens by Hon. A. T. 
Dumm. Greetings on be- 
half of Jane Randolph Jef- 
ferson Chapter were ex- 
tended by Mrs. W. W. 
Graves, Regent of the 
Chapter, who voiced the 
warmth of hospitality felt 
by the delightful Daugh- 
ters of our beautiful Capital City. 

It was with sincere regret that we were 
apprised of the unavoidable absence upon this 
occasion of our President General, Mrs. George 
Thacher Guernsey. 

On this first day of our Missouri Confer- 
ence, I would note an event of unusual import- 
ance, viz.: The presentation and dedication of 
two large service flags by our State Regent, 
Mrs. John Trigg Moss. The larger flag sym- 
bolized the Missouri D. A. R. sons, fathers and 
brothers in the service of their country in the 
great war. The other flag was for our own 
members in service. 

As the beautiful banners floated above us we 
thought of Francis Scott Key and of Ft. Mc- 
Henry, and of our boys and friends beyond 
the seas. Following the impressive presenta- 
tion ceremonies, Mrs. E. A. Norris, of Joplin, 
offered in memoriam an eloquent tribute to the 
members whom death had called in the 
past year. 

A patriotic reception by Governor and Mrs. 



Gardner at the Executive Mansion came at the 
end of a perfect day. 

On Wednesday, following the reading of 
reports of State Officers, the bugle's note 
reminded us of the hour of silent prayer for 
the victories of our armies and in memory of 
the men who had made the supreme sacrifice 
over there. A soldier's prayer was effectively 
read by Mrs. Samuel McKnight Green, Vice 
President General from Missouri, after which 
conference adjourned for a visit to the state 

Later the conference was entertained at a 
buffet luncheon at the home of Mrs. W. R. 
Painter, whose charming hospitality will be 
long remembered. 

On Wednesday afternoon the state chairmen 
gave interesting details of achievement in their 
respective lines of activity. 

The record is one of great results in War 
Relief and Red Cross work, in matters historic 
and educational, and along all lines of 
endeavor. The Chapter reports also rendered 
excellent account of the work in hand. 

Wednesday evening, following an address by 
Mrs. George Edward George, State Vice- 
Regent, two tablets were presented, one from 
the Kansas City Chapter D. A. R. (Mrs. Gil- 
mer Meriwether, Regent), bearing the names 
of 282 Revolutionary soldiers buried in Mis- 
souri. The presentation was made by Mrs. 
Milton Welsh, Chairman, Tablet Committee. 

The presentation of a Daniel Boone tablet 
was made in an address by Mrs. J. H. Cutten. 
The tablets were accepted for the State by 
Hon. E. W. Stephens. 

A notable feature of the conference was the 
discussion in a whole session given over to it 
by the State Regent, Mrs. John Trigg Moss, 
of the plan of reconstruction and rehabilita- 
tion of our disabled soldiers. The later estab- 
lishment of the Loan fund and the manner of 
its administration is being announced to the 
eighty Chapters in the monthly " News Let- 
ter " of the organization. 

In the automobile drive of Thursday the 
ever-thoughtful hostess Chapter gave its guests 
the opportunity of viewing, in the vicinity of 
the State capital, the glorious landscape for 
which the capital is noted and which Bayard 
Taylor most eloquently pronounced " the most 
magnificent landscape he had ever beheld." 

A patriotic evening was that of Thursday, 
with music, salute to the flag, solo by Mrs. W. 
A. Dalmeyer, address by Z. B. T. Phillips, 
of St. Louis, music by Community Chorus, 
address by Miss Clarissa Spencer, General 
Secretary of World Association, Y. M. C. A., 

and concluding with the national anthem by 
the audience. 

Most happy was the State organization in 
enjoyment of the royal reception and entertain- 
ment of its Nineteenth State Conference by the 
hostess Chapter, Jane Randolph Jefferson. 
The Conference closed at noon on Friday, 
October 4th. 

(Mrs. W. L.) Mabelle Brown Webb, 
State Historian. 


The Twenty-eighth Annual State Meeting of 
the N. S. D. A. R. of New Jersey was held in 
Trenton, Tuesday, March 18, 1919, Mrs. Wil- 
liam D. Sherrerd, of Haddonfield, State 
Regent, presiding. There was a large attend- 
ance, almost all of the Chapters in the State 
being represented. The Regent, in her address, 
spoke of the changed condition of the country 
since our meeting one year ago, and reminded 
us of the great problems and work of recon- 
struction ahead of us. The reports of Mrs. 
Joseph K. Lippincott, State Secretary, and of 
Mrs. Maurice A. Blake, State Treasurer, 
showed that the Daughters in the year passed 
had been actively engaged in practical patri- 
otic efforts, and had given unstintingly of their 
time and money. 

The beautiful service flag, representing the 
sons, grandsons and brothers of the Daughters, 
covered with 319 stars, twelve of them being 
gold, was voted to be placed in the New Jersey 
room. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Mrs. Mabel S. Douglass, Dean of the College 
for Women, gave a most interesting address 
after luncheon. The college is located in New 
Brunswick, New Jersey, thirty miles from New 
York and sixty miles from Philadelphia — this 
being the first effort for a woman's college in 
the State, the need of which is greatly felt. 
It is the wish that the Daughters become 
Founders by the payment of $500. 

The meeting, as a whole, was most satis- 
factory, and showed most pleasing results of 
the year's work. 

Anna H. Dunbarr. 



The Sixth Annual State Conference of the 
Oregon Daughters of the American Revolution 
was held at the Multnomah Hotel, Portland, 
February 18 and 19, 1919. We were especially 
favored this year by having with us as our 
guests of honor the President General, Mrs. 
George Thacher Guernsey, and the State 
Regent of Massachusetts, Mrs. Frank Dexter 



Ellison. We ex- 
pected also to 
have with us the 
Librarian Gen- 
eral, Mrs. James 
M. Fowler, but 
were disap- 
pointed to learn 
that she was de- 
t a i n e d else- 
where. The as- 
sembly room 
was attractive!}' 
decorated with 
United States 
flags, greenery 
and cut flowers. 
Mrs. Guernsey 
said she felt at 
home with us 
because every 
flag was hung 

The first ses- 
sion was called 
to order by the 
State Regent, 
Mrs. Francis 
Marion Wilkins. 
and opened with 
the ritualistic 
prayer, all join- 
ing in the Lord's 
prayer. "The Star 

Spangled Banner " was sung, and the pledge to 
the flag was led by the President General. 
The State Regent welcomed the guests of 
honor and Oregon Daughters to the Confer- 
ence, and expressed the hope that the official 
deliberations might be worthy of the times in 
which we live. The Credentials Committee re- 
ported forty-seven delegates. Mrs. Guensev 
remarked that, out of the thirty-two Confer- 
ences she had visited, this was the only one 
where every Chapter was represented. 

The guests of honor and state officers were 
entertained at luncheon on Tuesday by the 
Regents of the two Portland Chapters. 

The afternoon session was opened with invo- 
cation by Rev. W. W. Youngson, Superin- 
tendent of the Portland district of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, who is a close friend 
of Mrs. Guernsey's brother. The State Re- 
gent's report showed plans for the formation 
of several new Chapters. She urged that "a 
part of our work is to keep alive the spirit 
of patriotism and to help in the work of 
Americanization," using our Insignia as an 
illustration of our ideals and lines of work. 


The main 
feature of this 
session was the 
address by the 
President Gen- 
eral, Mrs. George 
Thacher Guern- 
sey. She brought 
a real message 
to the Oregon 
Daughters, and 
w e understand 
and feel more 
keenly than ever 
before our rela- 
tionship to the 
National So- 
ciety. She also 
brought printed 
leaflets contain- 
ing the splendid 
address given at 
the Twenty- 
seventh C o n- 
gress b y Mrs. 
Anne Rogers 
Minor, entitled 
"The Deeper 
Meaning of Our 
D. A. R. Or- 
g a n i z a t i o n." 
Mrs. Guernsey 
urged that the 
Chapters go lOO 
per cent, on Liberty Loan and Tilloloy funds. 
Mrs. Frank Dexter Ellison brought greet- 
ings from 7000 sisters in Massachusetts. 

After four long years of effort, through the 
instrumentality of the Oregon Daughters, 
Washington's Birthday has, by an act of the 
Legislature, been made a legal holiday. Fol- 
lowing immediately on the passage of this bill, 
Mr. O. M. Plummer turned over 100 pounds 
of black walnuts grown on his trees, the seed 
for which was brought by him from Mount 
Vernon. With the gift went the suggestion 
that the planting of the nuts be made a part 
of the Washington's Birthday exercises in the 
public schools of the State. This was done 
throughout the State. 

Two markers have been placed during the 
year. The first one was dedicated July 4, 
1918, and marks the point where, in the summer 
of 1846, the first wagon drove through to Ore- 
gon City, the only place much known at that 
time west of the Cascades. It consists of two 
natural boulders linked together and stands 
about five feet high. The second one was 
erected on the site of the first Court House in 
Polk County, built in 1850. The shaft is three 



feet or more high and stands at the inter- 
section of Orchard Avenue and Salem Road. 

For patriotic and benevolent activity, the 
year just closed was by far the most successful 
in the history of the eleven Oregon Chapters, 
as was evidenced by the reports of the Regents 
given at the Conference. The total membership 
of the State is 536. 

The evening session was presided over by 
the President General, Mrs. George Tliacher 
Guernsey. Mrs. James B. Montgomery was 
presented as the first Organizing State Regent 
of Oregon, and Mrs. John F. Beaumont as the 
organizer of the first State Conference. Mrs. 
A. H. Workman presented Children of the 
American Revolution. 

The President General gave a very forceful 
and instructive address, entitled " Culture of 
an American Consciousness." She sounded the 
dominant note of the future plans of the 
organization by urging a systematic and thor- 
ough Americanization of all foreigners. 

Several musical numbers added greatly to 
the evening's programme, after v?hich an infor- 
mal reception was held for visiting Daughters 
and Sons of the American Revolution. 

It was unanimously voted that each Chapter 
contribute toward the purchase of a chair for 
Memorial Continental Hall and have it ready 
for the next session of Congress. 

The following Conference officers were 
elected : State Regent, Mrs. F. M. Wilkins ; 
Vice Regent, Mrs. W. F. Burrell ; Correspond- 
ing Secretary, Miss Bertha Comings ; Record- 
ing Secretary, Miss Edith E. Benedict ; Treas- 
urer, Miss Anne M. Lang; Historian, Mrs. R. 
F. Walters ; Auditor, Mrs. G. A. Harding ; Con- 
sulting Registrar, Mrs. P. A. Young; Chaplain, 
Mrs. Aggie M. Gould. 

Edith E. Benedict, 
State Secretary. 


Clear skies and fair weather greeted the 
Rhode Island Daughters of the American 
Revolution as they gathered at Churchill 
House in the city of Providence on the morn- 
ing of March 3d, for the Twenty-fifth Annual 
State Meeting. In looking over the groups of 
smiling faces one could but give a thought to 
those who had passed on during the quarter 
of a century now closing. Every Chapter was 
represented. One new Chapter having been 
organized during the past month through the 
untiring efforts of the Honored State Regent, 
Mrs. Albert L. Calder, 2d. 

The morning session was opened with a 
short address by the State Regent, followed 
by the Lord's Prayer by the assemblage, the 

singing of the " Star Spangled Banner " and the 
salute to the flag. 

Mrs. Matthias W. Baker, Regent of the 
Rhode Island Independence Chapter, the host- 
ess Chapter, extended a kind and cordial wel- 
come to the members, which was responded to 
by the State Regent in a few well-chosen 
words. The reports of the State Officers and 
various committees occupied the morning 
hours, giving a detailed account of the amount 
of work accomplished by the Chapters, and 
the majority of them reported having adopted 
a French war orphan. 

At 1 P.M. a very attractive and enjoyable 
luncheon was served, and the hostess Chapter 
proved to be royal entertainers. The Rhode 
Islanders were greatly honored by having with 
them at the luncheon and the afternoon ses- 
sion Mrs. John Laidlaw Buel, State Regent of 
Connecticut; Mrs. George Maynard Minor, 
Vice President General N. S. D. A. R., also 
of Connecticut, and Mrs. George B. Hale, 
Vice President General N. S. D. A. R., of 

The afternoon session was opened by the 
State Regent, and prayer was offered by Rev. 
Dr. Clarence M. Gallup. Woonsocket Chapter 
having nominated Mrs. Albert L. Calder, 2d, 
for State Regent and Miss Edith May Tilley 
for Vice State Regent, they were unanimously 
reelected for the ensuing term. They received 
several beautiful bouquets. After expressing 
her appreciation of the honors received, Mrs. 
Calder gave a report of the State work, and 
the Vice Regent, Miss Tilley read an extended 
report of the work done by the Chapters for 
the Red Cross and War Relief. Music was 
pleasingly rendered by " The Matthews Trio," 
after which Mrs. Calder introduced Mrs. 
Minor, saying she would tell how she had made 


Magazine a success. After a few felicitous 
remarks Mrs. Minor gave some of her experi- 
ences in trying to achieve that end, and gave 
interesting accounts of the magazine's life and 

The next speaker was Mrs. Buel, and she 
held her audience with close attention while 
she told them of the critical conditions which 
still endangered our country. After the sing- 
ing of the D. A. R. State song, " Dear Rhode 
Island," by Mr. Ray A. Gardiner, who had 
recently returned from " over sea," Mrs. 
Calder introduced Dr. W. H. P. Faunce, Presi- 
dent of Brown University, who never fails to 
interest and inspire his audience. He spoke at 
some length on the "Americanization of the 

The twenty-fifth anniversary of the Rhode 
Island State Meeting of the D. A. R. closed 



with the salute to the Flag, led by members of 
the Boy Scouts ; the singing of " The Star 
Spangled Banner," and a reception, that all 
present might meet the State Officers and dis- 
tinguished guests. 

Nettie C. Lewis, 
State Historian. 


The eighteenth annual assembly of the 
Washington Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution was made memorable by the presence 
of the President General, Mrs. George 
Thacher Guernsey. Washington has been 
fortunate in having two Vice Presidents Gen- 
eral, Mrs. Addison G. Foster and Mrs. Eliza 
Ferry Leary, and has twice been visited by 
Presidents General, Mrs. Fairbanks and Mrs. 
Story, but never before has a President Gen- 
eral been present at an Assembly. Virginia 
Dare Chapter, of Tacoma, was the hostess 
chapter and well deserved the resolution of 
thanks passed by the Assembly. 

The Assembly was opened by a procession 
led by the bearer of the Star Spangled Banner 
and made up of the President General and 
State Regent, Mrs. Overton Gentry Ellis ; Mrs. 
Ellison, State Regent of Massachusetts, and 
Mrs. George Goble (Esther Reed Chapter, 
Spokane), State Regent-elect; Bishop Frederic 
W. Keator and Judge O. G. Ellis (formerly 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Wash- 
ington), who took the place of the Mayor of 
Tacoma ; and the officers and members of the 
State Board of Management. 

A beautiful ceremonial marked the opening 
of the program. The Star Spangled Banner 
was displayed, and Mrs. Henry McCleary (ex- 
State Regent), led the Salute to the Flag, and 
the Assembly sang " The Star Spangled Ban- 
ner," led by " Everybody Sing " Lyon, one of 
the song leaders of Camp Lewis. Then the 
Belgian flag was displayed, and Mrs. Stephen 
Penrose (second Vice Regent) paid a tribute 
to Belgium, and the Belgian Hymn was sung, 
in Flemish, by Albert Deyegg. The flag of 
France came next, and Mrs. Edmund Bowden 
(ex-State Regent) recited Dr. Henry Van 
Dyke's poem to France, and Constant Sigrist, 
a returned soldier, sang the " Marseillaise," in 
French. The British colors were shown and 
the tribute to Great Britain by Mrs. Frank 
Horsley (Board Member) was read by Mrs. 
Ellis, following which Mrs. W. W. New- 
schwander sang " God Save the King." Then 
the Italian flag was shown, and Mrs. Sterling 
Price Keithly (State Vice Regent), paid trib- 
ute to Italy, and Harry Santo, a returned sol- 
dier, sang the Italian National Hymn, in Italian. 

A prominent feature of the Assembly was 
the beautiful music provided; for, besides the 
national anthems, there were vocal solos by 
Constant Sigrist, Harry Santo, Chaplain Haup, 
Mrs. Diltz, Mrs. Newschwander, Mrs. Mac- 
Donald and Captain Shaw; violin solos by 
Mrs. Paul T. Prentice, and a quintet composed 
of Mmes. Tallman, Thompson, Tripple and 
Duncan, and Captain Shaw sang Henry Had- 
leys' "A Night in Granada." 

A most impressive number on the program 
was Mrs. S. B. L. Penrose's " Memorial to 
Deceased Members," which was prefaced by 
the singing of Bishop Hows' hj^mn, " For All 
Thy Saints Who from Their Labors Rest," by 
Mrs. Newschwander. 

A largely attended reception in honor of 
Mrs. Guernsey was given at the Hotel Tacoma 
Tuesday evening. Mr. Robert Sanders, retir- 
ing president of the Sons of the American 
Revolution, and Mr. Welch, president of the 
Washington Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion, were in the receiving line. An " official 
luncheon," which was attended by 197 of the 
Daughters, was given Wednesday noon. 

A report which stirred the Assembly and 
won for the maker an invitation to address the 
National Congress, from Mrs. Guernsey, was 
the report of the Standing Committeei on 
" Americanization," made by the chairman. 
Mrs. N. E. Walton. 

Two important measures passed by the 
Assembly were the changing of the name 
"Assembly " to " Conference," to conform to 
the general custom, and the acceptance of a 
resolution providing for the calling, by each 
Chapter, of a special meeting to discusss "A 
League of Nations to Enforce Peace." 

The reports showed that there are twenty- 
two Chapters, D. A. R., in Washington and 
1400 members. The meeting was attended by 
sixteen chapter regents, forty-four delegates 
and eleven alternates. 

The following were elected: Mrs. Henry 
McCleary (Mary Ball Chapter), Vice Presi- 
dent General, to be elected in 1920 ; Mrs. George 
H. Goble (Esther Reed Chapter), State Re- 
gent; Mrs. William A. Johnson (Marcus 
Whitman Chapter), State Vice Regent; Mrs. 
J. M. Corbet (Esther Reed Chapter), Corre- 
sponding Secretary ; Mrs. Robert E. Small 
(Rainier Chapter), Treasurer; Mrs. George 
H. Tarbell (Sacajawea Chapter), Recording 
Secretary; Mmes. B. J. Williams (John Ken- 
drick Chapter), N. B. Lewis (Merriwether 
Lewis Chapter) and George Estey (Seattle 
Chapter), Board Members. 

Mary L. Malkoff, 
State Recording Secretary, 

To Insure Accuracy in the Reading of Names and Promptness in Publication 
Chapter Reports must be Typewritten EDITOR. 

Washington Heights Chapter (New York, 
N. Y.) There should have been recorded a 
couple of years ago in the magazine of our 
National Society a very unique and interest- 
ing ceremony which took place in the summer 
of 1917 on the precipitous side of a majestic 
mountain rising above the shores of beautiful 
Lake George, New York. It was the marking 
of the graves of two Revolutionary soldiers, at 
the small hamlet called Hulett's Landing, by 
the Regent and members of our Chapter. 

These graves had been neglected and forgot- 
ten for more than fifty years. Hidden from 
view by tall weeds and wild bushes, they were 
accidentally discovered the summer previous 
by Professor Frederick M. Pedersen, of the 
College of the City of New York, and the 
husband of a member of the Chapter. Pro- 
fessor Pedersen was pursuing his duties as 
chairman of the Forest Committee of the Lake 
George Association when by chance he discov- 
ered two tombstones with their very interest- 
ing inscriptions, which are as follows : 

" David Hulett 

Died Oct. 3rd 1832 AE 70 

A Soldier of the Revolutionary War of 1776" 

"Levi Pratt 


Feb. 26, 1839. AE 79 yrs. 11 mos. 

He served five years in the Revolutionary 


Professor Pedersen began immediately a 
research of the official records at Washington, 
D. C, and opened a correspondence with the 
descendants of the honored dead. 

Mrs. Florence Hulett Bevan, who was born 
in the old farmhouse, still standing at Hulett's 
Landing, wrote from St. Augustine, Florida, 
her regret not to be present at the ceremony 
in honor of her ancestors — for the son of 
David Hulett married the daughter of Levi 
Pratt, which made her the great-granddaughter 
of both soldiers. 

Professor Pedersen read at the exercises a 
most interesting and instructive sketch of the 

campaign of 1776 in and around New York 
City, in which these two soldiers took part, 
giving in detail the names of their regi- 
ments, etc. 

Mrs. Samuel J. Kramer, the Regent of the 
Chapter, who had come from her home in New 
York City to be present for the occasion, made 
a very appropriate address, presenting the 
tablets to the community in the name of the 
Washington Heights Chapter, Daughters of 
the American Revolution. 

Other addresses were made by Mrs. H. Cros- 
well Tuttle, Historian of the Chapter, and Dr. 
Frank LeMoyne Hupp, a Son of thel Revolu- 
tion, from Wheeling, W. Va. 

Then followed the unveiling of the markers, 
which were covered with the American flag, 
this act being reverently performed by three 
grandchildren of Mrs. Albert B. Vorhis, a 
member of the Chapter. They were Frederick 
M. Cook, Jr., Elizabeth Cunningham and Caro- 
line Eldredge, all belonging to the Children of 
the American Revolution. 

After the singing of the National Anthem, 
the Rev. J. Condit, of Nutley, N. J., accepted 
the tablets on behalf of the community, and 
offered a prayer for the preservation of our 

Just as the sun was descending into the 
shimmering waters of Lake George, the cere- 
monies were closed by the sounding of " Taps," 
given by two buglers of the Boy Scouts, Mas- 
ters Nicholas Danforth and Danforth Starr. 

Quietly we walked away, leaving our heroes 
still sleeping in the mountain — now no longer 
forgotten and unhonored — awaiting the heav- 
enly reveille to summon them to awake and 
arise once more. 

Mrs. H. Croswell Tuttle, 


The Muskogee (Oklahoma-Indian Ter- 
ritory) Chapter has held during the past year 
eight regular meetings, three called meetings 
and four all-day meetings during February, at 
which the members made refugee garments for 
the Red Cross. 

We celebrated Flag Day by sewing all day in 



the surgical dressings room at the Red Cross. 
During the period of the war we worked Tues- 
day and Thursday of each week in the Red 
Cross rooms at a table reserved for the D. A. R. 

We have sixty-six Members, forty-eight 
resident and eighteen non-resident. We have 
gained six new Members and lost three by 
transfer to other Chapters. One birth and 
three marriages have been recorded. We have 
five war mothers, six war wives and one war 

The printed programs were dispensed with, 
and the literary part of the program was 
selected by the leader from the Daughters of 
the American Revolution and Red Cross 

We celebrated Washington's Birthday as the 
guests of one of our members who gave a 
delightful tea. 

Our members have worked untiringly in all 
war activities. At a meeting November 22, 
1918, it was decided to start a fund to erect a 
suitable memorial to the Muskogee County 
boys who had so valiantly done their part in 
this war. A business men's lunch in Decem- 
ber, the sale of Christmas cards and novelties 
and a dance in February netted us a total of 
$196, which has been deposited on interest as 
a nucleus for this fund. 

The following donations have been made : 
Yarn, $60; canteen fund, $10; surgical dress- 
ings, $7; Tilloloy Fund, $24.50; Red Cross, $7; 
National Liberty Loan, $2 ; magazines for 
battleship Oklahoma, $3.50; Old Folks' home, 
$5.50; other gifts, $10.75; total, $129.75. To 
Post Adjutant at Fort Sill: Eleven helmets, 
four sweaters, one pair wristlets. To local 
canteen : Twenty glasses of jelly. 

(]\Irs. W. L.) Lucy G. Lindhard, 

The Elizabeth Montfort Ashe Chapter 

(Halifax, N. C.) was organized on the 9th of 
May, 1912, so will soon be seven years old, 
and this is our first contribution to the 
Daughters of the American Revolution 

We have fifty-three members enrolled, but 
have only seven resident members to carry on 
the work of the Chapter. For the year now 
coming to a close our work has been principally 
war relief along various lines. The members 
have given several hours each week to work in 
Red Cross sewing room ; have also knitted 
socks, sweaters, etc. 

During the year 1918-1919 we beg to report 
the following : Contributed to the Red Cross, 
$500; Council of Defense, $20; Ambulance 
Fund, $25; Y. M. C. A., $40; restoration of 
Tilloloy, $10; Liberty Bonds bought and sold, 

$65,000; War Savings Stamps bought and 
sold, $5000; contributed to Martha Berry 
School, $2; War Relief Campaign Fund, $5; 
contributed to National Society Liberty Bonds, 
$30; French orphans adopted, eight; canned 
goods sent to Allies, 100 pounds. 

Our Regent has faithfully compiled and 
framed the names of all our soldiers, both vol- 
unteer and selected, leaving this country, and 
will place them in the Hall of History, Raleigh, 
our state capital. 

From a review of our year's work, we feel 
we have met our obligations faithfully and 
with willing hands and sad hearts have done 
our bit. 

We are undertaking for our 1919-1920 year's 
work the restoration of what is known in our 
historic old town as the " Constitution House," 
the house in which was framed the Constitution 
of North Carolina, November 12, 1776. The 
plan of the Chapter is to make the restoration 
of this memorial to North Carolina pioneer pa- 
triots of American Independence complete 
and to furnish it in the style of 1776; to make it 
a Chapter House and Rest House for those 
who pass on the highway, and for pilgrims 
who are seeking fresh inspiration from such a 
birthplace of American liberty. This work we 
feel is a patriotic duty, and the restoration of 
this building should be the desire of every 
loyal North Carolinian, it matters not where 
they may be, and to them we are going to look 
for financial support. 

Under the leadership and guidance of our 
faithful Regent, Miss Ursula M. Daniel, we feel 
assured we can carry on this work of restora- 
tion to a successful completion. We have 
annual elections each May, and while other 
officers have been changed from time to time, 
we have always re-elected our Regent, who 
organized our Chapter and is a most enthu- 
siastic Daughter. 

Florence Dicken Willcox, 


Northampton County Chapter (Cape 
Charles, Va.). Under the leadership of our 
Regent, Mrs. James W. Wilson, the Chapter 
closes a most interesting year. Interest and 
opportunity for work have been abundant ; the 
members had their " spindles and distaffs " 
ready, knitting sweaters and trench caps, and 
sending jellies to the Base Hospital at 
Camp Lee. 

Twelve of the Chapter members have served 
as chairmen of the Red Cross and other patri- 
otic organization committees, and much indi- 
vidual Red Cross work was rendered. 

The work includes : For the restoration of 
the village of Tilloloy, France, $12; for 



the National So- 
ciety D. A. R. 
Liberty Bond, 
$24; solicited and 
contributed to the 
Red Cross, 
$482.12; United 
War Work, $10. 
Contributed t o 
the State Orphan 
Fund, or District 
Cornerstone, Jef- 
ferson bust in 
Memorial Conti- 
nental Hall and 
Naval Base 
Christmas enter- 
tainment. The 
Chapter has a 
$100 Fourth Lib- 
erty Bond and 
ten War Savings 
Certificates. From 
the patriotic pic- 
ture film, " Per- 
shing's C r u s a - 
ders," we realized 
a little over $600. 
We have placed 
our valuable 
Daughters o f 
THE American 
Magazine in the 
C. C. H. S. Li- 

The Chapter has a membership of twenty- 
four, thirteen of whom are non-residents. 
Our meetings are held the last Tuesday of 
every month. Having no Chapter House, the 
meetings are held at the homes of the mem- 
bers, a history of the ancestry of each mem- 
ber, or some article of interest, being read at 
the meetings. Twelve of the members are sub- 
scribers to the Daughters of the American 
Revolution Magazine. 

We hope to do more, as time passes, to make 
our Society one to be remembered by its deeds. 
Elise M. Evans Fletcher, 

(Mrs. Richard D. L.) Historian. 

The Pueblo Chapter (Pueblo, Colo.), whose 
membership now numbers eighty-six, has spent 
the past year in activity and service in all 
branches of war relief work. 

Despite the fact that we had no regular 
meeting until January, owing to the influenza 
epidemic, the work accomplished has been sub- 
stantial not only in the amount done, but also 


in its far-reach- 
ing results. Yarn 
was bought by 
the Chapter, from 
which 134 gar- 
ments were 
knitted and sent 
to the Navy, and 
457 were knitted 
for the Army. 
For the Red Cross 
4966 articles were 
completed, and 
the services in 
the Red Cross 
sewing and gauze 
rooms amounted 
to 8569 hours. 
For the building 
and furnishing of 
the Soldiers' and 
Sailors' Club 
$143.75 was given, 
in addition to a 
pianola, with 100 
records, and a 
Morris chair. 
Over 200 boxes 
of cookies, fruits 
and candy were 
given to the can- 
teen, and the 
hours of service 
totaled 1425. On 
November 25, 120 
glasses of jelly 
and canned fruit 
were sent to the United States Naval Hos- 
pital at Fort Lyon, Colo. Ninety-eight scrap 
books were made by one member of the 
Chapter and sent to the Army. Through the 
Patriotic Committee, 558 books and 386 maga- 
zines have been collected and sent to the sol- 
diers, together with $225 in cash. 

Last summer, through the efforts of our 
members, the Radcliffe Chautauqua was 
brought to Pueblo, and a splendid " Wake Up, 
America " program was given. In money, we 
have donated $235 for the Americanization of 
the alien and $100 to the Boulder Extension 
Course for conducting night classes for for- 
eigners. Another of our activities is the work 
in the Whittaker House, a settlement where 
girls are taught to cook and sew, and thus 
fitted for good home-makers. The success of 
the work is due largely to the untiring and 
faithful efforts of the chairman of the Con- 
servation of the Home Committee. 

Annual prizes of $10 have been given to the 
two high schools of our city, to be awarded to 



the pupils having received best grades in 
American history. 

A beautiful service flag was presented to the 
Chapter by Mrs. Alva Adams at the February 
meeting. This flag contains twenty-nine stars. 
An avenue of trees is to be planted this spring 
as a memorial to the soldiers and sailors of 
Pueblo County. 

As a Chapter, we have $1100 in bonds; as 
individuals, $20,000 was subscribed to the Third 
Liberty Loan and $27,175 to the Fourth Liberty 
Loan : while $3879 in war savings stamps have 
been purchased. We have sent $80 to Wash- 
ington, which was our part of the $100,000 
subscribed by the National Society to the Third 
Liberty Loan. We have also sent $40, our 
assessment, to help restore Tilloloy, France. 

Five of our members serve on the Gov- 
ernor's War Board, while many others have 
helped in all war drives ; $4691 is the aggregate 
amount given to the relief of the various war- 
stricken countries. 

(Mrs. S. D.) Cora S. Brosius, 


treasurer and head of the Comfort Kit Com- 
mittee, and another as chairman of the Yarn 
Department. We are proud to say that all the 
Daughters have knitted indefatigably and 
tirelessly for the sailors and soldiers. 

We have knitted a convalescent robe and 
presented it to the American Red Cross Hos- 
pital at Camp Lee, Petersburg, Va. This robe 
has a large red cross in the center, knitted 
entirely by one member. This cross lies on a 
gray field. Three of our members wear service 
pins for sons in the Army and Navy ; while one 
of our youngest members had enlisted for 
canteen service in France, and was only await- 
ing her call when word came that no more 
workers would be sent for some time. 

Our meetings were suspended during July, 
August and September, to be resumed again in 
October, but the influenza epidemic made it 
necessary to wait until November. A large 
box of jelly was packed and sent to Walter 
Reed General Hospital, at Washington, D. C. 
Josephine Elizabeth Furbee, 

(Mrs. G. S.) Regent. 

West Augusta Chapter (Mannington, W. 
Va.), with a membership of thirty-one — twenty 
resident Members and eleven non-resident 
Members, as a patriotic organization, has 
earnestly striven during the year to give the 
service which our nation has a right to expect 
of us, for again we have been engaged in the 
struggle for liberty and justice for all. 

Expensive year-books were dispensed with, 
in order that the money might be saved for 
war charities. 

Last April the Chapter presented the Man- 
nington Public School with a handsome service 
flag, containing seventy-eight stars, each star 
representing a boy who had at one time 
attended the public school here and is now in 
the service of his country. This flag now 
waves from the main building, and no one can 
view it without a thrill of pride. 

Five dollars was given to the repairing of 
the West Virginia room in Continental Hall, 
at Washington. Ten dollars was given by our 
Chapter to the N. S. D. A. R. in its pledge to 
buy $100,000 of the Third Liberty Loan Bonds. 
Individually, our members have purchased 
Liberty Bonds and War Savings Stamps, and 
contributed liberally to the Red Cross and 
Y. M. C. A. drives. Our Chapter gave $5 to the 
last United War Fund drive and $5 to the Red 
Cross. Our members have been very active in 
the local Red Cross Chapter and have devoted 
much time and labor to its noble work. At 
present one of our members is Chairman of 
the Mannington Red Cross, and another 
formerly Chairman ; others of our members 
have served it in dififerent capacities : one as 

Udolpha Miller Dorman Chapter (Clinton, 
Mo.). During the year the Chapter met 
twenty-five times. We have forty-six mem- 
bers ; added three, and dropped three for non- 
payment of dues, and have two papers in 
Washington and several others nearing com- 
pletion. Two marriages and one birth reported 
during the year. 

The year's work began by the observance of 
Missouri Day, when it was decided among 
other things to contribute $25 to the Missouri 
Ambulance Fund. In November the Chapter 
entertained its friends with a very interesting 
programme, and dainty refreshments were 
afterward served. 

A Tag Day on a snowy December day gave 
us $102.35. In December a Red Cross Unit 
was organized, and two bolts of gauze were 
purchased by us and made into surgical dress- 
ings and given to our local Red Cross Chapter. 
We were credited with 700 Red Cross mem- 
berships in the Christmas drive for members. 
The Chapter is 100 per cent. Red Cross. 

On February 22d our Chapter gave a Martha 
Washington tea, the Daughters, as hostesses, 
dressing in Colonial gowns. At this time we 
exhibited the Belgian layettes we were making 
for the Red Cross. Refreshments were served 
and a silver offering of $45 was received. We 
made twenty of the layettes at a cost of 

In May a war film was shown under the 
auspices of the Chapter, and $25 of the pro- 
ceeds was given to the French Surgical So- 
ciety. A lawn fete in June netted the Chapter 
%63. An enjoyable programme was rendered on 



Flag Day at the home of a member. Delicious 
refreshments were served. Our Chapter has 
adopted one French orphan, $36.50, and four 
are being supported by Chapter members, $146. 
We contributed $46 to the D. A. R. Liberty 
Loan, and to the Tilloloy Fund $23; to the 
Y. M. C. A., $20. We have fifty glasses of 
jelly for the hospital w^hen called for. 

We have met every demand of the Govern- 
ment in the conservation of all foods. As a 
Chapter we have donated $123.26 to the Red 
Cross and made individual gifts of $550, and 
worked 6420 hours in the workrooms, and 
knitted 121 garments for the soldiers. We 
bought the yarn and knitted 19 garments for 
the Navy and sent them to Mrs. Painter. 

Anothei Tag Day, in September, brought us 
$117.10. We sent Mrs. Buel $40 for Victrola 
records and books for " the boys over there," 
Mrs. Welsh $50 for the Community House 
Fund for the boys in camp, and Mrs. Barbour 
$10 for the Furnace Fund for the Ozark School. 

We are giving the county a service flag, a 
star to represent every boy that enters the 
service from the county. Am sorry to say we 
will have several gold stars. Mrs. Goss is giv- 
ing the Chapter a service flag. We have 
twenty blue stars and one gold one. 

We are collecting books to give the boys in 
camp. Our plan is to give every boy that 
leaves home a book, and he, in turn, is to give 
it to the Y. M. C. A. after he has read it. We 
have spent a very busy year with the various 
war work, and are ready to continue as long 
as we are needed ; but we hope the need for 
such drastic measures will soon be a thing 
of the past. 

In the window of one of our business houses 
we have a large "Treasure and Trinket " pot, 
where we are collecting old gold and silver. 
The proceeds from this are to be used for com- 
forts and hospital equipment for our American 

(Mrs. J. L.) Cloe Dodson Goss, 


Silver Bow Chapter (Butte, Mont.). Our 
D. A. R. war work may really be said to have 
begun March 16, 1916, when a committee was 
named to draw up resolutions on " prepared- 
ness." Mrs. Olivia H. Hopkins and Mrs. A. B. 
Keith acted as the committee, and the resolu- 
tions were forwarded to our representatives in 
Congress. Senator Henry L. Myers presented 
them to the United States Senate, and they 
were printed in the Congressional Record o\ 
April 4, 1916. 

Next, under the able leadership of Mrs. E. J. 
Strasburger, then Regent, 1000 Belgian flags 
were sold, netting $182 for the relief of starv- 
ing Belgians. April 19, 1917, after our ov/n 

country had lined up against (jermany, resolu- 
tions favoring universal service were adopted 
and copies sent to our representatives in 

We have by no means a complete record of 
articles knitted by Chapter members. Some 
went to the Patriotic Association (a local 
organization, afterwards absorbed by the Red 
Cross), some went to the Red Cross, some went 
to individual soldiers and sailors. A partial 
list shows : Sweaters, 67 ; wristlets, H pairs ; 
helmets, 23; mufflers, 25; socks. 111 ];airs; 
wash cloths, 6; knitted slippers, 1 pair. 

In October, 1917, Mrs. E. J. Strasburger and 
Mrs. C. A. Blackburn gave a card party, at 
which $43 was netted. With this sum, material 
for a hospital unit was purchased, and the 
Chapter members made the garments and pre- 
sented the same to the Red Cross. They in- 
cluded: Sheets, 6; pillow slips, 4; bed shirts, 
4; pajamas, 3 suits; bath robe, 1; convalescent 
cap, 1 ; bed socks, 3 pairs ; woolen socks, 6 
pairs ; knitted slippers, 1 pair ; knitted wa.sli 
cloths, 4; handkerchiefs, 6; hand towels, 3; 
bath towels, 3. The Daughters received a let- 
ter of thanks from the Red Cross, and were 
greatly complimented on its excellence. 

With the balance remaining from the card 
party receipts Mrs. Strasburger and Mrs. 
Blackburn made, filled and sent eight Christ- 
mas bags to the soldier boys at Camp Lewis. 

As a Chapter, we made for the Red Cross 
26 suits of pajamas, 12 convalescent robes and 
12 bed jackets. This work was distributed by 
the regent, Mrs. Keith. Working as individuals 
for the Red Cross and Patriotic Association, 
members have reported making 117 convales- 
cent caps, 200 buttonholes, 12 housewives, 340 
slings, 70 towels, 48 suits pajamas, 89 bed socks, 
12 abdominal bandages, 51 refugee garments. 
And remember this point : dozens of garments 
and other articles made were never reported to 
the Regent. 

So much for the work of our hands. Now, 
other ways in which we helped win the war : 
We bought a $100 Liberty Bond of the first 
issue ; a $50 bond of the second issue ; a $50 
bond of the third issue ; a $50 bond of the 
fourth issue, and I hope we will complete our 
record and buy one of the fifth (or Victory) 
issue, to be floated in April. It is probable that 
nearly every member of the Chapter, as an 
individual, purchased bonds of the various 
issues, but we have no record of the number 
or amount. 

Silver Bow Chapter also paid $5 on the state 
D. A. R. Liberty Bond of the second issue and 
$5.10 on the state D. A. R. bond of the fourth 
issue. We paid $22 on the N. S. D. A. R. 
$100,000 bond. We have sent $27 to help re- 
build the French village, Tilloloy. We gave $1 



monthly to the Butte War Chest — $8 in all. 
(This was for combined war relief organiza- 
tions.) We gave $10 on the first call by the 
Y. M. C. A. for war recreation fund. 

Our Chapter and the Woman's Club of Butte 
were the first two organizations to sell Thrift 
Stamps. In the first six days of selling we 
disposed of $1903 worth of stamps Members 
have given days at a time to Liberty Bond 
selling, War Chest work, Thrift Stamp selling, 
and our teacher members have devoted hours 
to writing questionnaires. 

Fruit and jelly were sent to sick soldiers in 
Butte in December, 1917. We donated the use 
of our Chapter room in the Library Building to 
the Red Cross as an office for the period of 
the war. 

We cut down our refreshments to wafers and 
tea or cofifee, to please Food Administrator 
Hoover, and all members signed conservation 
pledges. Magazines, books and a few Victrola 
records have been sent to soldiers and sailors. 

In fact, dear fellow members, as your war 
Regent, and in consideration of the fact that 
nearly half of our membership is non-resident, 
I feel a great deal of pride in the war work 
accomplished by Silver Bow Chapter. 

Bertha Taft Keith, 

The Maryville Chapter (Maryville, Mo.) 
reports late, not from neglect, but because 
hearts and minds were busy at work that could 
not wait. In our busy surgical dressings unit 
both teacher and captain were members of our 
own Chapter. Many of the Daughters were 
leaders in local Red Cross work, one a county 
inspector of surgical dressings, another county 
inspector of garments, and a goodly number 
were instructors. 

An electric cutting machine was presented 
by the Daughters to the Red Cross, purchased 
with money from the sale of tickets for the 
play " Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm." Ten 
dollars was also donated to Red Cross. The 
money we formerly used to buy flowers for 
special occasions was voted to war relief work. 

A Tag Day added $50 to the Belgian Relief 
Fund ; $29.50 was sent to the National Society 
to aid in the restoration of Tilloloy, France; 
$48 was donated to our own State D. A. R. 
Ambulance Fund, $35 to united War Work, 
$25 to Y. M. C. A. The sum of $20 was gladly 
given to the " Camp Mother's Fund." Liberty 
Bonds to the amount of $98.50 were purchased 
by the Chapter. A beautiful American flag was 
presented to the Home Guards. 

Upon her retirement from office, our Regent, 
Mrs. Charles T. Bell, after paying the first 
year's expenses, gave to the Chapter for their 
adoption the French orphan, Suzanne Coloner, 

eleven years old. The Chapter gladly accepted 
the charge and immediately planned and sent 
the little girl an attractive and useful Christ- 
mas box. Due to the efforts of the Daughters, 
on October 7th a "Minute of Prayer for Our 
Boys" was instituted, the church and school 
bells ringing the hour at high noon. Our 
Betsy Ross Club was not intended for per- 
manent organization, yet we noticed many 
more flags displayed in the homes than ever 
before, due, in part, to the influence of the 
" club." Very decided indorsement was given 
the movement to have only the English lan- 
guage taught in our secondary schools. 

Although war relief has been our slogan, 
local work has not been neglected. The old 
cemetery within our city limits, our special 
charge, has been cared for, and an amount 
given toward the upkeep of the public rest 
rooms. Since the last report thirteen members 
have been added to our Chapter and two lost 
by transfer. 

A most comprehensive report from the Na- 
tional Congress was given by our delegate, 
Mrs. E. D. Mills. It was presented in book 
form, with many interesting pictures and clip- 
pings, and the Chapter voted to place it among 
the archives. 

In 1918 memorial service was held in the 
Presbyterian church, the pastor, Rev. S. A. 
Coile, officiating, all patriotic orders attending 
in a body. In 1918 memorial service was held 
in the Methodist Episcopal church, conducted 
by the pastor. Rev. Gilbert S. Cox, and was 
made especially impressive by the attendance 
of all patriotic organizations, including the 
new Home Guards, and, most interesting of all, 
our returned soldiers were there. It was a 
service not to be forgotten. Many were there 
whose hearts were full of gratitude because 
their loved ones were safe at home ; sad hearts 
were there, too, because some have not re- 
turned, and never may. 

Our annual " parlor bazaar " brought $56 into 
the treasury, and was an event of pleasure as 
well as profit. Through the courtesy of Mrs. 
J. H. Connelly, of Kansas City, who wrote the 
prologue of the movie " Betsy Hall," we were 
able to present the play for Washington's Birth- 
day entertainment, giving us $79 and the en- 
joyment of a delightful evening. 

Miss Olive DeLuce, of the State Normal 
Faculty, and one of our Daughters, has been 
honored with the chairmanship of the com- 
mittee on " Biographical Data and Service 
Record of Soldiers and Sailors of Nodaway 
County." Mrs. C. C. Corwin, 


The Chicago Chapter (Chicago, 111.) far 
exceeds the combined glories of past 



achievements attained by its active participation 
in important local, national and international 

The Chapter has maintained one of the 
largest Red Cross branches in Chicago. Under 
the management of Mrs. Thomas H. Shaugh- 
nessy, the Red Cross chairman with her many 
assistants was able to turn out, to date 
(March, 1919): Surgical dressings, 56,834; 
knitted goods, 2447; hospital garments, 700; 
refugee garments, 100. 

A large number of Daughters contributed 
several hundred comfort kits and hundreds of 
Christmas packages for our soldiers. Two 
hundred dollars was contributed to the Red 
Cross by our Chapter. One Daughter pur- 
chased $250 worth of yarn, which she gave to 
crippled knitters, making it possible to con- 
tribute 110 knitted articles. 

Total of Liberty Bonds bought by members, 
$502,000; total sold by members, $176,000. 
Through the Daughters were bought and sold 
for 1918 Liberty Bonds totalling $678,000. We 
were presented by the Bond Committee with 
the honor flag for bond sales. 

The Chapter gave a party, and the proceeds, 
$500, was donated to the State Council of 
National Defense. The Chapter voted to give 
Americanization $15 per month. Twenty-five 
dollars was donated to the Walter Reed Hos- 
pital, Washington, D. C. ; $20 for flowers ; a 
large number of playing cards, records, thirty 
games, pictures, miscellaneous articles. One 
hundred books, mazagines, jellies and marma- 
lade were also sent. 

Mrs. Wilheim A. Meyer, Chairman of His- 
torical Spots, and her committee, have sent to 
the Treasurer General, for the Chicago Chap- 
ter, $700 for a Tilloloy, France, cottage and 
furnishings. There will be a bronze tablet 
placed upon the cottage, with the following 
inscription : " Erected by the Chacigo Chap- 
ter of the Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion, in honor of their Honorary State Regent, 
Mrs. George A. Lawrence." Two French 
orphans have been adopted by the Chicago 
Chapter. One member adopted ten French 
orphans. Four French soldiers and one Bel- 
gian soldier have also been adopted. A large 
number of useful garments have been sent to 

The Chapter membership has been steadily 
increasing the past year, through the efficiency 
of Mrs. T. Henry Green, Chairman of the 
Membership Committee. March, 1918, there 
were enrolled 784 members ; March, 1919, the 
membership had increased to 803 members. 

Our Flag Day, last June, was a most delight- 
ful celebration, with a patriotic reception at 
the Art Institute. Three Chapters, vi::., the 
Henry Dearborn, Kaskaskia and the De Walt 

Machlin, were invited to celebrate with us. 
The guests of honor were Governor and Mrs. 
Lowden and the commanding officers of the 
Army and Navy. Mrs. Frank Rivilo Fuller, 
Regent of our Chapter, was most charming in 
her cordiality to her Daughters and guests. 
She little dreamed (nor did her friends) that a 
tragedy was so soon to enter her then happy 
life, which would deprive her of an only son. 
We learned later that she and her little daugh- 
ter had gone to California. In February the 
board received her final resignation, accepting 
it with deep regret. 

Mrs. T. Henry Green, First Vice Regent, 
who had been Acting Regent during the whole 
year, succeeded to the Regency. 

The honor roll of the Chicago Chapter, 
D. A. R., is made up of 105 sons. Aside from 
these, there are 10 brothers, 5 husbands, 11 
nephews, 10 grandsons, 12 sons-in-law and 3 
sisters, making 156 stars on our service flag. 
Four of these brave blue stars have been 
touched with the magic wand and changed to 
gold. We have four silver stars. One of our 
Daughters heroically gave to our country two 
of her sons (her all), who made the supreme 
sacrifice. One aviator got a Distinguished 
Service Cross. Ten boys from the Sons of 
the Republic, " George Washington Club," are 
in service. One has received a Croix de 
Guerre. One star is for Miss Alice Pratt, a 
member of Hospital Unit No. 11, and one for 
Miss Gail Meyer, reported called to France. 

A reception and Victory Luncheon was given 
in honor of the anniversary of George Wash- 
ington's Birthday at the La Salle Hotel. 

The Chapter had an Americanization Day, 
with appropriate addresses and music, in Feb- 
ruary. A charter member, Mrs. W. S. Everett, 
celebrated her eightieth birthday with a large 
reception, March 1, 1919, to which the board 
and many friends were invited. 

Sixty-eight members of the Chapter have 
reported as taking the Daughters of the 
American Revolution Magazine. 

Mrs. James A. Dowry presented the Chapter 
with beautiful hand-made flags of our Allies, 
which, with our American flag, make a most 
wonderful stand of colors to display at our 
monthly meetings. 

Escaline Warwick Baker, 


Colonial Daughters Chapter (Farmington, 
Me.). The annual meeting of our Chapter 
was held Tuesday, May 28, 1918, at the Normal 
School building, when reports were submitted 
and accepted and officers for the ensuing year 
chosen. The officers are : Regent, Mrs. Geneva 
Bresson ; Vice Regent, Mrs. Wilma C. Dolbier ; 
Secretary. Miss F. Evelyn Butler; Treasurer, 



Mrs. Maud Goodwin; Registrar, Miss Isie 
Linscott; Historian, Mrs. Katherine Das- 
combe; Chaplain, Miss Nellie Farmer. 

Flag Day and the anniversary field day was 
held June 25, 1918, at Hillcrest. The Asa 
Whitcomb Chapter, of Kingfield, and Jonathan 
True Chapter, of Phillips, were invited to 
attend. Dinner was served in the summer 
dining room, at 1 o'clock, for forty-three guests, 
forty-two members and one visitor. After 
dinner the Regent, Mrs. Geneva Presson, wel- 
comed the invited guests, and then turned the 
programme for the remainder of the afternoon 
over to the Chairman of the Entertainment 

It was reported that about ten graves are 
decorated in town each year, and between 
twenty and thirty around town. Mrs. Harriet 
Keyes gave a brief sketch of the twenty or 
thirty Revolutionary soldiers who had lived 
and been buried in and near Farmington, after 
which the guests were taken in autos over a 
route leading past several of the historic places 
to which Mrs. Keyes had referred in her sketch. 
Upon their return to Hillcrest, all assembled 
on the spacious porch and listened to reports. 
These reports showed that war work in some 
form has been the principal business of the 

The Colonial Daughters voted to send a 
message of sympathy to the families of sol- 
diers from Company K who have lost their 
lives in the war. Also, to send a greeting to 
the two oldest members of the Chapter, who 
were unable to be present, Mrs. Mary Butler 
Norton and Mrs. Henrietta Wood Fairbanks. 
Both these esteemed members died during the 
year, Mrs. Norton on August, 30, 1918, at the 
age of ninety-five years, and Mrs. Fairbanks, 
February 20, 1919, aged ninety-three years. A 
brief sketch of the lives of both these aged 
ladies has been sent to the Remembrance Book 
for publication. 

It may be of interest to state that the No- 
vember meeting of Colonial Daughters was held 
with Mrs. Fairbanks, in her apartments at 
Hotel Willows, Farmington, and was much 
enjoyed by all, Mrs. Fairbanks taking her usual 
keen interest in the work of the Chapter and 
in greeting her friends. 

The Daughters of Colonial Chapter have 
identified themselves closely with the work of 
the local Red Cross Chapter, and have confined 
most of their activities in war work to this 
organization, several having served as officers 
or given faithful and efficient service in 
other ways. 

The Chapter has appropriated money for the 
National Liberty Loan and to the restoration 
of Tilloloy fund. Five dollars has also been 

sent to the Martha Berry School, and a French 
war orphan has been adopted for one year. 

The Chapter has lost five members by death 
during the year, and one demit has been 
granted. Katherine Dascombe, 


Saint Paul Chapter (St. Paul, Minn.) has 
the honor of being the first formed in the State 
of Minnesota. This was in 1891, with Mrs. 
Reese M. Newport as Regent. It is also the 
largest Chapter in the State, having a member- 
ship of 235, with a gain of forty in the past 
two years. 

The annual meeting of our Chapter was held 
last year at the home of one of our members, 
Mrs. Alexander Milne. After the election of 
officers, Mrs. Huldah Harold Bain spoke to us 
very entertainingly on the subject of Mexico 
and the Orient. At this meeting we voted to 
send a check for $100 to our local Red Cross 
for use in their noble work. 

The June meeting was held at the Town and 
Country Club, where we were entertained by a 
delightful talk by Doctor Abbott, of Boston, 
which, conducted under the auspices of our 
Chapter, netted us the welcome sum of $448, 
later invested by the Chapter in War Savings 
Stamps. Much credit is due Mrs. E. W. 
Osborne, one of our sincere workers, who 
had secured the services of Doctor Abbott for 
the purpose. 

The October meeting was held at the home 
of Mrs. E. L. Welch. Airs. C. A. Severance 
spoke to us on the subject of war work, and it 
was decided that we give a thousand glasses of 
jelly to the boys at the aviation camp and at 
Fort Snelling. 

We celebrated the signing of the peace armis- 
tice by a Liberty Aleeting, November 18th, at 
the University Club, which meetings will be- 
come a part of the schedule of the year. Mrs. 
George C. Squires, one of our ex-State Regents 
and member of our Chapter, and Rev. M. Cross, 
of St. John's Church, were the speakers on 
this occasion. The musical programme ar- 
ranged by Mrs. E. C. Leedy, our Chairman of 
Programme Committee, was entirely patriotic 
in its character and was greatly enjoyed by all. 
The words of one of the songs were written 
by Mrs. George C. Squires, the title being 
" Fight On, Fight On." 

On December 10th we held a called meeting 
at the Wilder Building to discuss the proposed 
memorial to the Minnesota boys who had 
served in the war. On the motion of Mrs. 
Henry Nichols, Vice Regent, we voted to co- 
operate with the city in a fitting memorial. 

The Chapter has been most zealous in its 
war work. Among its accomplishments are 
$448 in War Savings Stamps, a large flag given 



to the Girls' Home School by the Regent, Mrs. 
Edward Feldhauser ; forty large woolen 
afghans sent to French wounded through the 
Red Cross. Mrs. George C. Squires was the 
starter and manager of the Red Cross Lane, 
a salvage shop, which netted the Red Cross, in 
the short space of ten weeks, $10,775. 

The Regent of the St. Paul Chapter was the 
Chairman of the D. A. R. Red Cross Shop, one 
of the largest Red Cross Units in St. Paul, 
where the Daughters of the Chapters of St. 
Paul and their friends performed their Red 
Cross duties. The number of compresses made 
by the St. Paul Chapter in this unit, and with 
their churches, was approximately 250,000. 
Machine-made articles made by the Chapter, 
6000. Of knitted articles : pairs of socks, 3800 ; 
sweaters, 410; helmets, seven, and wristlets, 
two pairs. 

We have a Special Service Committee, of 
which our ex-State Regent, Mrs. William Lig- 
gett, is the chairman, assisted by Mrs. D. M. 
Emmons and Mrs. E. W. Osborne. The com- 
mittee have been most assiduous in their eliforts 
to entertain, welcome and make it as comfort- 
able as possible for our boys in uniform. 

On Washington's Birthday the Daughters of 
the Twin Cities entertained 1600 men at Fort 
Snelling. Mrs. William Liggett was General 
Chairman for St. Paul, Mrs. Frank H. Jerrard 
was Chairman of Decorations, and Mrs. D. M. 
Emmons was chairman of costumes. These 
ladies represented the St. Paul Chapter, assisted 
by the members of the board. The Chapter 

contributed fifty cakes, thirty pounds of fine 
candy and $55 in money toward the expenses 
of the entertainment. 

The St. Paul Chapter has contributed its 
full quota towards the National Society's 
Liberty Bonds, $230. One of our members, 
Mrs. R. W. Osborne, has presented the Chap- 
ter with a large service flag, having fifty stars, 
one of which is a gold star in honor of George 
Squires, the brave young aviator, son of our 
beloved member, Mrs. George C. Squires, who 
lost his life May 13, 1918. He was first lieu- 
tenant of the 17th Aero Squadron, United 
States Army. 

The Regent, Mrs. Feldhauser, is a member of 
the Belgian Relief Society, and has adopted 
one Belgian orphan. 

Three of our members have served with the 
Red Cross in France during the past year. 

The Chapter has given $25 to Comforts Kits 
Section of the Red Cross, and owns, as a Chap- 
ter, six Liberty Bonds. Liberty Bonds taken 
by individual members, $23,500, and many mem- 
bers of the Chapter not heard from. One of 
our members, Mrs. F. C. Kendrick, presented 
the Chapter with a $100 Liberty Bond. 

The St. Paul Chapter has, in fact, completed 
a strenuous year, and is planning to do much 
in the way of Americanization under the lead- 
ership of Mrs. C. Treat Speer, who has given 
years to the study. 

GooDE King Feldhauser, 



By William Collins 

How sleep the brave who sink to rest 
By all their country's wishes blest ! 
When Spring, with dewy fingers cold, 
Returns to deck their hallowed mould. 
She there shall dress a sweeter sod 
Than Fancy's feet have ever trod. 

By fairy hands their knell is rung ; 
By forms unseen their dirge is sung; 
There Honor comes, a pilgrim gray. 
To deck the turf that wraps their clay 
And Freedom shall a while repair. 
To dwell, a weeping hermit, there ! 


In answers to "Queries" it is essential to give Liber and Folio or "Bible Reference." 
Queries will be inserted as early as possible after they are received. Answers, partial 
answers, or any information regarding queries are requested. In answering queries please 
give the date of the magazine and the number of the query. All letters to be forwarded to con- 
tributors must be unsealed and sent in blank, stamped envelopes, accompanied with the num- 
ber of the query and its signature. The Genealogical Editor reserves the right to print anything 
contained in the communication and will then forward the letter to the one sending the query. 


Genealogical Editor, Annapolis, Maryland 


6400a. Rogers. — Mathew Rogers lived in 
Culpeper Co., Va., in 1745, later moved to 
Hampshire Co., Va. Wanted, name of his wife 
with dates of b, m, d and Rev record, he hav- 
ing been a pensioner, according to " Rev Sol- 
diers of Va." Did William, son of Alathew 
Rogers, b. Mar. 6, 1768 (?), render service in 
the Rev? 

(2) Brake. — John Brake was a Rev pen- 
sioner, was twice married, (1st) Elizabeth 
Wetherholt, (2d) Catharine Shook. Wanted, 
Rev record with dates of b, m and d of John 
Brake and wives, also would like to get in 
touch with some one who can and will give 
me a biographical sketch of him and his wives, 
especially the last wife. 

(3) Soles. — William Soles was a Rev pen- 
sioner from Va. Would like to know if he had 
a son Peter. If so, would like his Rev record 
with all necessary data. 

(4) Parks. — Parks m Elizabeth Newman, 
and lived in Highland Co., O., early in the last 
century. Would like name and Rev data. — 
C. B. S. 

6401. Cox.— There is a William Cox on 
record as having served in Rev, in an organi- 
zation of Maryland troops. Who did he marry 
and what were the names of his children? 
Tradition states he lived in Baltimore Co., 
Md.— L. P. 

6403. Worlev. — There is a record of one 
John Worley having served in Penn. Reg., 
Capt. Bordes' Co., Col. Francis Johnston's 
Reg., 5th Penn., Rev War. Who did he marry 
and what were the names of his children? 
Was he a native of Pa.?— L. K. D. 

(2) Jones. — There was a Benjamin Jones, 
who m Elizabeth Foster and lived at Wilkes- 

bow, N. C, after the Rev. He had a bro, Geo. 
Jones, who m Phoebe Foster, sister of Eliza- 
beth. This family of Jones were supposed to 
have moved from Orange Co., Va., abt 1784. 
Can anyone tell if this Benjamin Jones served 
in Rev War? Also the dates of his b, d and 
his father's name. Elizabeth Foster Jones d 
Sept. 13, 1848.— M. B. W. 

6404. Kercher. — The Pa. Archives give 
the names of Christian, Fredrick, Geo. Fred- 
rick, Jacob, John and Martin Kercher as hav- 
ing served in Rev War. An ancestor of mine, 
Gotfried or Godfrey Kercher, m Margaret 
Nanchpough. He was b March 7, 1732. He 
had son named John Michael, b April 26, 1764, 
who served the last two years of Rev. I have 
not been able to find record of service under 
name of Michael, as he was generally known. 
Think he might have been the " John " men- 
tioned above. Can anyone tell if these men 
were brothers or give the record of Godfrey 
Kercher's marriage or service in Rev? — L. P. 

6405. Batchelder. — Wanted, parentage of 
Hannah Batchelder, b March 29, 1766, d Nov. 
10, 1853, m Daniel Post, of Post Mills, Vt. 

(2) Williams. — Wanted, parentage of 
Ruth Williams, of Rocky Hill or Wethersfield, 
Conn. ; she d 1806. M Capt. John Riley, of 
Wethersfield.— L. J. 

6406. Crockett. — James Crockett, of 
Wytherville, Va., was b in 1750, died Feb. 10, 
1826. M Mary Drake, dau of Samuel Drake 
and his wife, Mary (or Polly) Cox, in 1771. 
He was a son of John William Crockett, who 
emigrated from Donegal, Ireland, in 1732, and 
his wife, Esther Thompson, of Donegal, Ire- 
land, a Presbyterian Alinister to Colonies. His 
sister, Ann Agnes Crockett, m John Mont- 
gomery, Nov. 28, 1853 (Bible record). Did 



either James Crockett or his father serve in 
the Rev? If so, official proof of service is 

(2) Rice.— Holman Rice was b Feb. 28, 
1758, m Jane Morris, Oct. 19, 1780. He was 
b in Va., some say in Prince Edward Co., 
others in Albemarle and others near Richmond. 
Was he in the Rev? Had a son, Theodoric 
Bland, and was an ardent Presbyterian. — 
M. O. G. 

6407. Gordon-Haynes-Brooks. — John Gor- 
don, b in N. C, Feb. 12, 1745, just north of 
Albemarle Sound, m 1773, Anne Haynes, sis- 
ter of Thos. Haynes (one of Marions' men), 
and lived in Halifax Co., Tenn., or N. C. After 
the Rev, John Gordon moved to Hawkins Co., 
in East Tenn., then to Smith Co., Tenn., then to 
Trigg Co., Ky., where he and Ann d (1815). 
Their son Thomas m Elizabeth Brooks, Apr. 30, 
1812. The names of John Gordon's father and 
mother desired. Did they come direct from 
Scotland? Give brothers' and sisters' names. 
Who were the parents of Anne Haynes and of 
Elizabeth Brooks? 

(2) Field.— William Field, b June 3, 1808, 
d 1861, m 1835, Mary Young, b 1815, d 1880, 
dau of Dr. Henry Young, of Trimble Co., Ky. 
He m Ellen Kirby. Did Dr. Young serve as 
surgeon in Rev War? Give proof. — N. F. H. 

6408. Lambert. — The Lambert genealogy re- 
quested, and Rev service, with proof. — L. R. L. 

6409. Watkins. — Information desired abt 
Samuel Watkins, name given in the History of 
the Old Cheraws Indians. He was under 
Amos Wuedham, year 1782. My family of 
Watkins came from Wales and first settled in 
Va. One m a woman named " From Veal." 
Our branch emigrated from Eastern Va. to 
N. C, settling in the Co. of Bath. My great- 
great-grandfather was Levin Watkins, and we 
have a copy of a deed he and his wife executed 
in 1773 in Edgecombe Co., N. C. He m second 
the dau of John Becton, and lived in Duplin 
Co., N. C. Levin Watkins had bros, Peter 
and Mitchell. He was a member of the con- 
vention at Fayetteville, representing Duplin 
Co., in 1789. He was in the N. C. Senate from 
1790 to 1803. He was probably b in the Co. 
of Bath or Pitt or Edgecombe, N. C, abt 
1750, and d abt 1815. 

(2) Williams. — How can I find proof that 
my great-grandfather, Robin Williams, from 
Duplin Co., N. C, was in the battle of Moores 
Creek, during the Rev War? A cousin, Black 
Cot, of Warsaw, N. C, told me he remembered 
hearing his mother tell, "After the battle of 
Moores Creek, Williams' horse came home ; all 
gave him up as dead, but next day up walked 
Robin." Robin Williams came from Wales. 

(3) IsLEB.^The Colonial and State rec- 
ords of N. C, Vol. 4, p. 884, William Isler is 

recorded as Lieut, of Militia, commission dated 
Jan., 1755. William Isler m Hester, the sister 
of Col. John Pugh Williams, of the Rev. My 
father was Thaddeus Hargett Watkins ; my 
mother, my father's 3d cousin, was Hettie 
Cooper. My grandmother was Ann Isler Sim- 
mons, her parents were George Washington 
and Hester Kornegey Simmons. His father 
was Daniel Simmons and his mother Penelope 
Hargett — also Hester Kornegey Simmons' 
(wife of George Washington Simmons) 
mother was Hester Hargett, and Hester and 
Penelope Hargett's father was Peter Hargett 
and their mother was Ann Isler. Ann Isler's 
father was William Isler, of military fame.— 
J. R. E. 

6410. Deygert. — Can anyone tell me the 
names of the parents of Marguaret Deygert, 
who m 1781, De Wold Dietrich, a Rev soldier, 
buried at Frankfort, N. Y., who was one of 
the defenders of Cherry Valley, during Walter 
Butler's Raid?— C. W. H. 

6411. McNabb. — William McNabb's record 
is found in Pa. State Library. William Mc- 
Nabb, private in Capt. John Brisban's Co., 
Second Pennsylvania Battalion, Author St. 
Clair, Col., from Jan. 5 to Nov. 25, 1776. The 
name next appears as a private in Capt. James 
Mercer's Co., Fifth Battalion, Lancaster Co. 
Militia, commanded by Col. James Crowford, 
Jan. 9, 1777. He also served as a private in 
Capt. Wm. Skiles' Co., Lancaster Co. Militia, 
and in Capt. Henry Kendrick's Co., East Side 
Lampeter Township, Lancaster Co. Militia, 
year not stated. He was mustered out of Wm. 
Skiles' Co., on May 28, 1789. See page 101, Vol. 
2, Penna. Archives, Fifth Series, and pages 85, 
460, 656, Vol. 7, Penna. Archives, Fifth Series ; 
also Penna. Archives, Vol. 3, p. 561, Sixth 
Series. Am very anxious for information re- 
garding this Rev soldier. — C. G. S. 

6412. Garwood. — Ancestry and descendants 
desired of John Garwood, of Culpeper Co., 
Va. The descendants, most of them at least, 
emigrated to Ohio and later two sons came to 
Perry Co., 111. Did he serve in Rev War? Is 
there a Garwood Genealogy? 

(2) Davis - Mussie. — Wanted, ancestry, 
father, mother and brothers of Lucy Davis 
(1760-1827), who m Thomas Mussie (1762- 
1832). They were b and m in Albemarle Co., 
Va., and d in Ky., Adair Co., where they emi- 
grated (1817). Will was probated at Colum- 
bia, Adair Co., Ky., Apr. 2, 1832. They had 
eight children. — M. G. 

6413. Bassett.— Did Henry Bassett, of 
Westfield, Mass., render any patriotic or mili- 
tary service during the Rev period? Henry 
Bassett m Mary Percy, Nov. 13, 1769. Wanted, 
dates, of b of each, and record of their children. 
-J. B. S. 

330 J 


6414. Lewis. — Wanted, ancestry and family 
of Esther Lewis, b Alay 28, 1744, who m Abijah 
Wood, March 22, 1764, and lived in Draent, 
Mass. Abijah Wood served in the Rev. 

(2) WiLKiNS. — Ancestry desired of Han- 
nah Wilkins, who m John Washer, March 3, 
1735, Middleton, Mass. Is there Rev service 
in this line?— M. H. W. 

6415. KiRKPATRiCK. — Hugh Alaxander Kirk- 
patrick was b in Sumner Co., Tenn., 1774. M 
Isabella Stuart, b 1777, whose father was 
Archibald Stuart, supposed to have been from 
Va. Genealogical information desired. Did 
either of their fathers render patriotic service? 
— H. T. S. 

6416. Curtis. — Zachariah Curtis lived in 
Chesterfield, Hampshire Co., Mass. Both he 
and his son Zachariah Curtis, Jr., rendered 
service during the Rev War. Can anyone give 
me the dates of Zachariah Curtis, Sr., b, d, m, 
and wifes' maiden name, and the names of his 

(2) Kelso. — Hugh Kelso lived in Chester, 
Hampden Co., Mass., and served from that 
town during the Rev War. Did he have a 
dau, Susannah, who m Francis S. Black on 
Feb. 23, 1796, in Chester? Any information 
about the Kelso-Black families is desired. — 
C. A. C. 

6417. Anderson. — James Anderson, b m 
Ireland of Scotch-Irish parents, settled in 
Penna. When a young man m a Miss Mc- 
Lanelian, native of Pa. In 1725, went to 
Augusta Co., Va., on an exploring expedition, 
and returned to Pa. for family and settled 
near old stone church, Agusta Co., Va. A 
son, James, fought in the Continental line. 
Wanted, Rev record. He m Isabel or Isabella 
King. And John, wife Frances Clarke, dau 
of Joseph Clarke and Mary Reynolds, served 
in War of 1812. Rev and War of 1812 services 
wanted and other family history. 

(2) Christian. — John Christian's dau, Isa- 
bella Christian, m John King. Isabella Chris- 
tian's name spelled Isabel and Eysabellow. 
Wanted, any information pertaining to Rev 
services or family history of Christian in Va. 

(3) King. — John King, son of Robert King, 
John King m Isabel Christian (Isabella, etc). 
Isabel King m James Anderson. John King 
attended Lin Kling Spring Church, Fisherville, 
Va. Rev service of John King, with family 
history, wanted. — E. P. H. 

6418. BoARDMAN. — Information of one Eli- 
jah Boardman, of Wethersfield, Conn., who 
served in the Rev War (date of enlistment and 
discharge) is desired. His family received 
money and land from U. S. Government. Later 
he m Miss Nancy Deming, of Wethersfield, 
Conn.— N. N. B. 

6419. Rush.— I am trying to establish my 

ancestry from Chas. G. Rush, of Ala., to Ben- 
jamin Rush, signer of the Declaration of In- 
dependence. — E. R. H. 

6420. Mills. — Corporal Edw. Mills was 
killed at Fort Griswold, Conn., 1781. When, 
where and whom did he m? He left a widow 
and son, Edward. His widow afterwards m a 
Mr. Smith and moved to N. Y. This son, 
Edward Mills, m Locina Stewart on the 
Delaware in N. Y., when? Who was Locina 
Stewart's father? Is there Rev service there? 

(2) Taylor. — Eben Taylor m Clarissa 
Stout, a descendant of Richard and Penelope 
(Van Princess) Stout. Was a son of Elihu 
Taylor and his wife Sarah. Eben Taylor was 
b in N. Y. State. Elihu's father was Samuel 
Taylor. Dates and Rev data desired. 

(3) Wright. — The Chieftain of the Clan 
MacGregor filed to America under the name 
of Wright ; said name was kept by the family. 
They moved from N. Y. to Penna., among the 
Quakers. One branch, Gabriel Wright or his 
father, moved to Ky. Gabriel's children were : 
Sarah m Stephen Cory, Jonathan, John, Job 
m Polly Cook, David, Roda m Stephen Cory, 
Hosea and Caleb, who m Mary Ann Sleeth, a 
descendant of Lord Leet, or Leith, of Eng. 
Caleb was in the War of 1812. Wanted, dates 
for Gabriel's wife, her name and his father's 
name. Was it Gabriel or his father who fought 
in the Rev? 


2802. TouLiNSON. — I am descended from 
Wm. Toulinson, of N. C. Tradition states they 
were Scotch. A town clerk in Rockingham 
Co., N. C, found that a family of that name 
had lived there, and gave me a list containing 
the names Wm., Thos., Alex, and Wildey or 
Willey Toulinson. Our line was Wm., who had 
sons Thos. and Wildey, who removed to Ky., 
and from there to Brownsville, White Co., 111., 
in the late 1700's or early, 1800's. Their dau, 
Catherine Toulinson, when very young, m a