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VOL. LV, No. 1 


JANUARY, 1921 

WHOLE No. 341 


By Lelia Montague Barnett 

Medical Gorps, United States Navy 

ORWARD-LOOKING Americans generally realize the necessity, from the stand- 
point of National progress and security, of teaching our own children and the 
children of our foreign-born, to look back on our early beginnings as a Nation 
with the deepest reverence. 

The Gollege of William and Alary may rightly l)e classed among these beginnings. 
It is second only to Harvard in date of actual founding, and from 1693 to Revolu- 
tionary days it played a notable role in the policy of Golonial expansion. From the 
time when Patrick Henry was speaking in Williamsburg and young Thomas Jefferson was 
attending classes in the brick collegiate structure designed by Sir Ghristopher Wren, down to 
the present, its record has been distinguished. It is discouraging, however, to realize how 
few of us educated Americans are familiar with the story of William and Mary, with its 
part in the Nation's development and with the struggle of this ancient foundation to maintain 
its importance among American colleges and universities. 

Doubtless, few Daughters of the American Revolution realize that the college which 

trained Jefferson, Monroe and Tyler, John Marshall (the great Ghief Justice), Winfield Scott 

and Peyton Randolph, the President of the Continental Gongress, has failed to receive the 

support of modern philanthropy. Set in the midst of an historic environment about midway 

between Jamestown and Yorktown, here is an institution perfectly equipped by its historical 

tradition to serve in the same relation to inculcating Americanism as a laboratory is to the 

teaching of the physical sciences. It is a pity that our great present-day philanthropists have 

not eagerly availed themselves of the opportunity to endow liberally a college whose alumni 

gave to America the Declaration of Independence and the Monroe Doctrine, and which took a 

leading part in the struggle that determined the foundation of a new country. Their failure 

to do so may be ascribed to the fact that William and Mary, which remains one of the " small 

colleges " of Webster's famous classification, has worn its honors modestly and has been 

^^partially obscured in the tremendous increase of similar institutions. The restoration of 

fO William and Mary should proceed at once, if her career is to continue on a plane of competency 

jY^ in keeping with her place in history. That such an institution should be fittingly preserved for 

, posterity is imperative. To-day, with her doors recently opened to women, she is the sole 

^' non-sectarian co-educational college in Virginia. 

As an alumnus of William and Mary, I have accepted the chairmanship of a committee 





which will seek the sum of $1,400,000, to provide an endowment and increased equipment. 
Among the things to be provided for by this sum are included the following : $350,000 as an 
endowment for increasing the salaries of professors; $200,000 for the founding of the 
Marshall-Wythe School of Constitutional History and Law in honor of our Chief Justice, 
the great expounder of the Constitution, and his teacher at William and Mary, George W^the, 
Thomas Jefferson's closest friend ; $200,000 to erect the William Barton Rogers Science Hall, 
in honor of the William and Mary graduate who founded Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology; $150,000 for a new girls' dormitory; $100,000 for a men's dormitory; $100,000 for a 
memorial assembly hall to the fifty founders of the Phi Beta Kappa fraternity, which was 
founded at William and Mary, and $100,000 to provide a new gymnasium, which is greatly 
needed. All of these, as planned, will provide for necessities, not embellishments but 
they will combine of course, to perpetuate the glories of the Virginia college. 

The present enrollment at William and Mary is 435, with 200 more attending a summer 
session, and about 500 more expected to be enrolled this session in extension courses con- 
ducted by the college in Norfolk, Richmond, Newport News and other Virginia cities. It will 
be seen from this that William and Mary is a vital factor in the educational life of the 
Commonwealth. Her potentiality for service under improved conditions is so vast that it 
gives reason for optimism. 

George Washington, in accepting 
the post of chancellor of the College of 
William and Mary in 1788, wrote that 
he was influenced " by a heart-felt 
desire to promote the cause of science, 
and the prosperity of the College of 
William and Mary in particular." His 
stately letter of acceptance hung in the 
historic halls of William and Mary until 
the buildings were destroyed by one of 
the numerous fires which devastated the 
College at various periods of its existence. 

In a masterly appeal for Federal aid, 
the late Senator Hoar, of Massachusetts, 
came nobly to the assistance of the strug- 
gling Southern institution. He said : 
" Whenever by accident or design these 
institutions have been injured in war, 
such governments desire, if possible, to 
make reparation." And he added, "You 
will scarcely find an incident in England 
or America where a. school or college 
wisely founded has died. William and 
Mary has her peculiar claim on our 
regard. The principles on which the 
rights of man depend which inspired the 
statesmen of Virginia at the period of the 
Revolution are the fruits of her teaching. 
The name of Washington is in- 
separably connected with William and 
Mary. She gave him his first commission 

in his youth, he gave to her his last public 

service in his old age. Jefferson 

drank his inspiration at her fountain. 
Marshall . . . who imbedded forever 
in our constitution doctrines on which 
the measures which saved the Union 
are based, was the son of William and 
Mary. The hallowed associations 
which surrovmd this college prevent 
this case from being a precedent for 
any other. If you had injured it, you 
surely would have restored Mt. Ver- 
non ; you had better honor Washington 
by restoring the living fountain of 
learning whose service was the pleas- 
ure of his last years than by any use- 
less or empty act of worship or respect 
towards his sepulchre." 

I had the great pleasure through Dr. 
Kate Waller Barrett, State Regent of 
Virginia, of calling the attention of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution to 
the project to reendow old William and 
Mary College and to enlist the patriotic 
cooperation of the National Board of 
Management of the Society to the extent 
that at the June, 1920, meeting of that 
Board a resolution of endorsement was 
passed. A committee of men and women, 
interested not only in the past, as all true 
Americans must be. but in the future as 


well of this college, is being organized 
under the able leadership of Rear Ad- 
miral Cary T. Grayson, United States 
Navy, physician to the President. Ad- 
miral Grayson kindly consented to explain 
the aims and objects of his committee 
as a foreword 
to this account 
of the historical 
incidents in the 
life of the Alma 
Mater of some 

f America's 
greatest men. 
Full informa- 
tion will be fur- 
nished by him 
to those inter- 
ested in aiding 
the old college 
i n becoming 
once more a 
dominant fac- 
tor in American 
scholastic life. 

The found- 
ing of William 
and ]\Iary Col- 

1 e g e reaches 
down into the 
very roots of 
the A^irginia 
colony and is 
even inter- 
woven with the pathetic and romantic 
history of Pocahontas. Her baptism into 
the Christian faith and the quickness 
with which she acquired the ways of the 
white man crystallized at the time of her 
noted visit to England, in 1616, when she 
was received as a forest princess and 
accorded regal honors, in overwhelming 
interest in the " natives of Virginia " and 
the desire to extend to them the benefits 
of Christianity and education. 

Touched by the beauty of the Indian 

From painting by E. W. Peale 


maid and her poetic story. King James, 
in 1617, issued his letters to the Bishops 
of England for collecting funds for a 
college in Virginia to educate Indian 
youths. Inspired by the action of the 
King, the Virginia company of old Eng- 
land, through 
i t s president, 
the gentle Sir 
Edwin Sandys, 
moved the 
grant of ten 
thousand acres 
of land for the 
establishm e n t 
of a university 
at Henrico. 
The proposed 
grant, w h i c h 
was duly made, 
included one 
thousand acres 
for an Indian 
college ; the re- 
mainder was to 
be " the foun- 
d a t i o n of a 
of learning for 
the English." 
Meantime, the 
bishops of 
England had 
managed to 
raise 1500 pounds for the same laudable 
purpose. Thus was anticipated the lat- 
ter combination of church and state in 
the endowment of such institutions in 
the new world. 

When the news of the successful 
efforts in England for the project reached 
the settlers in Virginia they were greatly 
gratified and the General Assembly of 
Virginia, that first legislative assembly 
in all the world which marked the begin- 
ning of a government of the people, by 




the people, for the people, in 1619, peti- 
tioned the London Company to send 
" when they shall think it most conveni- 
ent, workmen of all sorts, for the erection 
of the university and college." 

The company acted as promptly as pos- 

for the higher education of the Indian 
was temporarily abated. 

The cause of education was always 
dear to the Virginia planters. Every 
Virginia boy of good family had a thor- 
ough \\orking knowledge of the classics 


sible in those days of difficult travel and 
an even more delayed post than at pres- 
ent, and in 1621 sent to the new colony 
about an hundred persons, some farmers 
to till the land and others tradesmen, 
brickmakers, carpenters, smiths to assem- 
ble and prepare the material for the 
erection of the college buildings. Inter- 
ested parties presented communion set, 
library and money to the college. A 
scholar of London, one Richard Downes, 
came over, hoping to become one of the 
first professors of the college, and 
George Thorpe, of the King's Privy 
Council, became the manager, or super- 
intendent, of the university itself. 

The Indians, however, for whom all 
this preparation was being made, appear 
to have resented it somewhat, for on 
Good Friday, 1622, the Red men rose and 
massacred Superintendent Thorpe and 
346 of the settlers of the neighborhood, 
with the natural consequence that the zeal 

and much of the scheme of representa- 
tive government, which characterized the 
Virginia legislative attempts, showed evi- 
dences of a familiarity with the principles 
of ideal governments as outlined by the 
Greek and Latin writers. 

Curious donations were often made to 
the great cause of education. The rec- 
ords show that in 1675, one Henry 
Peasley gave " ten cows and a breeding 
mare " for a free school in Gloucester 
County. A tax was imposed upon all 
imported liquors " for the better support 
of the college so as some part thereof 
shall be laid out and applied for buying 
books for the use of the scholars and 
students in the College. Such books to be 
marked, ' The gift of the General Assem- 
bly of Virginia.' " This is probably the 
best use of a liquor tax on record. 

The colony itself revived the question 
of a college in 1660. The General Assem- 
bly passed a resolution " that for the ad- 


vance of learning, education of youth, 
supply of the ministry, and promotion of 
piety, there be land taken upon purchases 
for a Colledg^e and free schoole, and that 



there be, with as much speede as may be 
convenient, housing erected thereon for 
entertainment of students and schollers." 
Another resolution authorized the vari- 
ous commissioners of the county courts to 
solicit subscriptions on court days for the 
college, and plans were made to collect 
from inhabitants in every parish. 

The bluff old tyrant, Sir William 
Berkeley, subscribed " a considerable sume 
of money and quantityes of tobacco " to 
the college fund. Sir William did not 
believe, probably in popular education as 
it is now understood. Regarding elemen- 
tary instruction, he said that Virginia 
pursued " the same course that is taken 
in England out of towns, every man, 
according to his ability, instructing his 
children. We have forty-eight parishes, 
and our ministry are well paid and by 
consent should be better if they would 
pray oftener and preach less." 

In 1688, 2500 pounds were subscribed 
for the project by a few wealthy gentle- 
men in the colony and merchant friends 

in England, and all it needed was a man 
b.ack of the enterprise with force enough 
to push it through to completion. At the 
appointed time came such a man in the 
Rev. James Blair, the commissary, or 
representative, of the Bishop of London 
to whose diocese the far away Virginia 
colony was accredited, who was sent in 
1685 to his post in the new world. 
Assigned to Henrico County, the parish of 
Varina, he early learned of the several at- 
tempts to found a college there and be- 
came most enthusiastic over the place. A 
man of letters, devoted to the cause of edu- 
cation, James Blair took up the nearly 
defunct proposition and revitalized it. 
The Assembly, appreciating his interest, 
made him agent for the college and had 
the good sense and discrimination to send 
him to England in 1691 to work for a 
charter for the college and an endowment. 
Blair appears to have been a diplomat 
as well as a scholar, and he found the 
open sesame to the court through my 
Lord of Effingham and the then Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury. When he gained 



audience with the King he wasted no time 
on fine prefaces but knelt down straight- 
way and said, " Please, your Majesty, 
here is an humble supplication from the 


government of Virginia for your Ma- 
jesty's charter to erect a free school, and 
college for the education of their youth." 
" And so," he continues in his narrative 
of the interview, " I delivered it into his 
hand." The King answered, " Sir, I am 
glad that the colony is upon so good a 
design and will promote it to the best of 
my power." William was evidently flat- 
tered by the appeal to his supposed schol- 
arship and he seems to have maintained 
a kindly interest in the infant educational 
project overseas. It is said that Queen 
Mary, too, influenced the decision and the 
royal pair pledged 2000 pounds out of 
the quit-rents of Virginia toward build- 
ing the college. 

But trouble arose when Blair went to 
Attorney General Seymour with the royal 
command to issue a charter. He hemmed 
and hawed and said that as the country 
was at war it could not afiford to plant a 
college at that time in Virginia. Mr. 
Blair urged that as the college would pre- 
pare men for the ministry, it would help 
save the souls of Virginians. " Souls," 



said the material Seymour. " Damn your 
souls! Make tobacco ! " 

Despite Seymour's opposition, Blair 
finally won his case and a year later, on 

September 1, 1692, in the absence of the 
King, Queen Mary presided over a meet- 
ing of the Privy Council where the fol- 
lowing sources of revenue were provided 
for the college : 


1. The sum of il985-14s. lOd. from quit- 
rents in Virginia. 

2. The proceeds of the tax of one penny 
a pound on tobacco exported from Maryland 
and Virginia to all foreign ports: other 
than England! 

3. The profits of surveyor general of 
the colony. 

4. Ten thousand acres of land in the 
Pamunkey Neck and 10,000 acres on the 

5. The quit-rent of two copies of Latin 
verse yearly delivered at the house of the 
Governor or Lieutenant Governor every 
fifth of November. 

Doctor Blair, while waiting in London 
for the royal action, did not waste his 
time. He discovered two other sources 
of revenue for the college which are most 
remarkable, to say the least. One was 
gained by a compromise between Doctor 
Blair and three pirates, Edward Davies, 
John Hinson and Lionel Delawafer. A 
short time before the English authorities 
had made it known that pirates, coming 
into port by a certain date, would be 
forgiven their past transgressions and 
permitted to retain a part of their loot. 
Doctor Blair's three pirates came in after 



this date, and were arrested and thrown 
into jail. The worthy doctor saw his 
chance, went to the pirates and offered 
his influence on their behalf for the sum 


or value of 300 pounds sterling of the 
goods under seizure, for the benefit of his 
college. His unique offer was accepted, 
and an order was actually entered by the 
Privy Council to release the pirates and 
restore their treasure minus the amount 
promised to the college in Virginia. And 
so M'ith liquor tax, tobacco money and 
pirates' gold the college was doing 
fairly well ! 

Doctor Blair also secured another 
fund through his foresight on hear- 
ing of the will of the Hon. Robert Boyle, 
the eminent philosopher who died in 
January, 1692, leaving 4000 pounds ster- 
ling tO' be devoted to " pious and char- 
itable uses." No beneficiary was named 
and Doctor Blair conceived the plan and 
actually put it into successful execution of 
inducing the Earl of Burlington, Boyle's 
nephew and executor, to turn over the 
legacy to him for the use of the infant 
college in the Virginias. The Earl in- 
vested in an English manor called the 
" Brafferton " for the benefit of the col- 
lege and by the terms of the deed the 
college was to keep as many Indian 

children in meat, drink, washing clothes, 
medicine, books and education from the 
first beginning of letters until they should 
be ready to receive orders and be sent 
abroad to convert the Indians, at the 
rate of 14 pounds for every such child 
as the yearly income of the premises- 
should amount to. 

The bestowal of the charter, despite 
the King's consent, dragged its slow way 
through the red tape of ofificialdom but 
was finally signed on February 8, 1693 — 
the fourth year of the reign of William 
and Mary, and the college was named in 
their Majesties' honor. 

The College of Heralds issued author- 
ity for its coat-of-arms. The true col- 
lege colors should be green, silver and 
gold (not the orange and white in use 
now) as the heraldic device calls for " On 
a green field, a college building of silver, 
with a golden sun, showing half its orb, 
rising above it." 

The charter was very carefully drawn, 
and among other officers there was to be 
elected everv seven vears a chancellor 




who should be some " eminent and dis- 
creet person " capable of giving good and 
sound advice. One year before George 
\\^ashin£rton was elected President of the 


United States, he was made chancellor of 
the University and remained in that office 
until the day of his death. 

The provision for faculty, trustees and 
students was as follows : A president, six 
masters or professors, and a hundred 
scholars, with a self -perpetuating board 
of eighteen trustees, resident in the col- 
ony. The trustees possessed the appoint- 
ing power and also formed the board of 
governors or visitors. A rector was to be 
selected each year from their number and 
every seven years a chancellor. By the 
charter the Rev. James Blair was one of 
the original trustees, also the first annual 
rector and president of the college for 
life. The charter made Henry Compton, 
Bishop of London, the first chancellor. 
The first trustees included Francis Nich- 
olson, William Cole, Ralph Wormely, 
A\'illiam Byrd. and John Lear, Esquires; 
James Blair, John Farnifold, Samuel 
Gray, clerk ; Thomas Milner. Christo- 
pher Robinson, Charles .Scarborough, 
John Smith, Benjamin Harrison, Miles 
Cary, Henry Hartwell, William Ran- 



-dolph and Matthew Page, gentlemen. 
The studies authorized were in Divinity, 
Philosophy, Languages and other " good 
-Arts and Sciences." It was a Colonial 

reproduction of the higher education of 
England as fostered at Oxford and Cam- 
bridge during the seventeenth century. 
The Lidian students at the college in its 




early years formed one of its most pic- 
turesque features, and the Braiferton 
Building on the college green was used 
for this purpose. Naturally the most 
elementary lessons were chosen and it 
was a unique sight to see the sons of the 
forest struggling with the "A, B, C's " of 
childhood. The tributes of peltry were 
remitted on condition that children of 
the chiefs of the nearby tribes were sent 
to Williamsburg. Juvenile hostages were 
also taken from hostile tribes for the 
same purpose. The wise old Indian chief- 
tains seemed to appreciate the advantages 
afforded their children and the inter- 
course cultivated a spirit of amity between 
the two races. Among the Indians at the 
college in 1712 were the son of the queen 
of Pamunkey, the son and cousin of the 
King of the Nottoways, and the two sons 
of the chief rulers of the Meherrin 
Indians. Early hours obtained at the col- 
lege and classes began at 7 in the morn- 
ing and continued until 11 a.m.; then 
after dinner from 2 to 6 p.m. Many of 



the students brought their negro boys 
with them who kept their studious young 
masters in proper trim. 

The first site of the college was to 
have been on a broad plateau above 
Yorktown ; but the General Assembly 
selected the middle Plantation. The plan 
of the college was drawn by the eminent 
architect, Sir Christopher Wren, but 
before his beautiful 
and spacious building 
could be erected the 
funds gave out and 
Doctor Blair was sent 
to England again. He 
met with renewed dif- 
ficulties, but finally 
was successful in rais- 
ing funds to complete 
the building. 

There is so much 
comment to-day and 
justly, too, of the poor 
rewards of school 
teachers and the im- 
possibility of their 
living adequately on the meagre stipends 
received by them that it is most inter- 
esting to learn how they were paid in 
those days. 

The stipend of the master of the 
grammar school was 80 pounds ; with a 
fee of 15 shillings per scholar. In 1770 
the president of the college received only 
200 poimds per annum, less than an un- 
skilled laborer commands to-day. The 
professor of divinity was given 100 
pounds, the janitor 5 pounds, the librarian 
10 pounds^ — a singular contrast to the 30 
pounds paid to the gardener ! And the 
chaplain set the feet of the young en- 
trusted to his care on the right path for 
50 paltry pounds yearly. 

Although Mr. Jefferson wrote that 
Williamsburg was " reasonable cheap and 
afifords genteel society," and Judge John 





Coalter expressed the opinion that it 
should justly receive the title, which 
Homer gives to Greece, " ' the land of 
lovely dames,' for here may be found 
beauty in perfection and not only beauty, 
but sociability in the ladies," the college 
would have no " female society." 

The marriage of Mr. Camm, Professor 
of Divinity, caused the decree that " all 
professors and mas- 
ters hereafter to be 
appointed, be c o n - 
stantly resident in ye 
college and upon the 
marriage of such pro- 
fessor or master that 
his professorship be 
immediately vacated." 
Parson C a m m ' s 
courtship recalls that 
of John Alden. He 
went to the sprightly 
Betsy Hansford of his 
parish on behalf 
of an unsuccessful 
suitor, and in his dis- 
course quoted the Bible to her. His spe- 
cial pleading, however, met with little 
favor and Betsy suggested that he go 
home and consult 2 Samuel, 12th Chap- 
ter, 7th Verse, for the reason of her 
obduracy. This Mr. Camm did and 
read : " And Nathan said unto David, 
Thou art the Man." The Virginia 
Gazette soon afterwards announced the 
marriage of Parson Camm and Miss 
Betsy Hansford. 

On April 18, 1743, just half a century 
after the college charter was granted, 
Doctor Blair died and true to his one love 
— his beloved college — he left his books 
and 300 pounds to the institution out of 
his small estate accumulated through 
years of savings from his pittance. 

He was succeeded by the Rev. William 
Dawson. During the years prior to the 



Revolution the college went on steadily 
and surely building men for those " times 
which were to try men's souls." In 1760 
and thereabouts several internecine frays 
developed among the masters and pro- 
fessors which seriously crippled the col- 
lege for several years, combined with the 
unsettled state which prevailed before tlie 
Revolution. One of the masters, William 
Small, the mathematical genius and pro- 
fessor of natural philosophy, exerted his 
master influence on the minds of Thomas 
Jefferson, then a red-headed lanky 
country boy student of the college, and 
John Page, another Colonial leader. 
Among the students of note in the college 
at this time were Dabney Carr, Walter 
Jones, John Walker, James McClurg, 
Robert Spotswood, Champion Travis, 
Edmund Pendleton, Jr., and \\'illiam 

The Revolution came and many of the 
students in the senior classes forsook 
their books for the sword, but about forty 
remained and even these were possessed 
with military fever and drilled constantly 
in a company of their own, waiting for 
the moment when they, too, could take 
up arms for the Colonies. 

The first intercollegiate fraternity, the 
Phi Beta Kappa, now no longer a fra- 
ternity as such but the mark of dis- 
tinguished scholarship the world over, 
was organized in the College of William 
and Mary in December, 1776, and Cap- 
tain John Marshall became a member. 
At the same time, Elisha Parmalee, a 
student from Connecticut, was granted 
permission to establish chapters at Har- 
vard and Yale. 

In the years immediately preceding the 
Revolution and for a generation or two 
after it we find names to be written high 
in Colonial annals enrolled on its under- 
graduate lists. They figure in church 
and state, on the bench, in military pur- 

suits and arts and letters. If the playing 
fields of Eton won the battles of Britain, 
in no less true a sense Colonial boys 
learned on the playing fields of William 
and Mary the courage, strength and de- 
termination that meant victory in the 
end. Among its graduates were Thomas 
Jefferson, James Monroe and John 
Tyler, all Presidents of the United 
States in later years ; John Marshall, 
afterwards Chief Justice of the United 
States Supreme Court; Langdon Carter, 
John Page and Archibald Cary, Edmund 
Randolph, Secretary of State ; St. 
George Tucker, John Blair, Jr., George 
Wythe, Spencer Roane, John Tyler, Sr., 
William H. Cabell, John J. Crittenden, 
Joseph C. Cabell. William T. Barry, 
General William B. Taliaferro, James 
Barbour, Littleton W. Tazewell, Peyton 
Randolph, Theoderic Bland, Peter Jef- 
ferson, James Breckenridge and 
Hugh Nelson. 

William and Mary was also " first " in 
having the privilege of an election of 
studies and also in the delivery in its 
halls of the first regular course of lectures 
on physical science and political economy 
ever given in the United States. At this 
time, 1779, the " Honor System " was 
also begun. It was the aim of the origi- 
nators to control the students through this 
method without espionage in the class- 
room and on examinations. The prin- 
ciple grew up outside of the rules, and did 
not receive printed recognition until 1817. 
The influence upon the characters of the 
students was overwhelming and they 
responded nobly to the call made upon 
their sense of honor. 

When Jefferson founded the Univer- 
sity of Virginia, he copied from William 
and Mary the honor system and the lec- 
ture and elective systems, acknowledging 
in quaint fashion their source. 

The State university at Charlottesville 



had the natural effect of drawing 
students from Wilham and Mary, and it 
was with difficuhy that the older insti- 
tution kept its head above water and 
the classrooms filled with pupils. In 
fact, during the incumbency of Rev. Dr. 
John Augustine Smith as President, the 
trustees seriously considered removing 
the college to Richmond. A majority 
voted for such removal, but opposition 
developed among the alumni and friends 
and the proposition was rejected in the 
legislature. By this time love for the 
original site was so implanted in the 
minds of graduates that they regarded the 
proposition almost in the light of a 
sacrilege, and the college was per- 
mitted to remain where it had taken root. 
Fire again laid low the main buildings 
in 1859 with staggering loss of the library 
of some 8000 volumes, the gifts of kings, 
archbishops, nobles, Colonial governors 
and the Assembly, and priceless records 
dating back to the commencement of 
the college. Again the sturdy and deter- 
mined friends of education rallied 
around the ruins and one year after its 
destruction " the capstone of the build- 
ing was laid by the Grand Lodge of Vir- 
ginia " and studies were resumed. 

The first rumble of the war between 
the States was heard. As in the Revolu- 
tion the patriotic sons of Virginia threw 
down school-books to grasp the sword 
handle. It is almost too much to ask of 
young manhood to study the feats of 
ancient heroes and warfare when at hand 
waits the Great Adventure for God and 
country. Early in May, 1861, the war 
forced the college to suspend its exer- 
cises and the president of the college, its 
professors, and all the students hurried 
into the Confederate army. 

The main building was occupied by 
Confederate troops, first as a barracks 
then as hospital. When General John- 

ston retreated in 1862, the Federal troops 
took the building. While garrisoned by 
the 5th Regiment of Pennsylvania cav- 
alry, Williamsburg was surprised by a 
detachment of Confederate cavalry who 
captured a part of the Federal troops and 
drove the rest to Yorktown. The Fed- 
erals soon after returned and, provoked 
by defeat, under the influence of liquor, 
and before their military organization 
was restored, fired and destroyed the new 
building. At later periods of the war 
much further damage was done. The 
vaults of the college chapel were opened 
and the silver plates on the coffins re- 
moved. This desecration was stopped 
when it became known to the mili- 
tary commander. 

When the war was over the burnt 
buildings were restored, but the repairs 
and the heavy expenses caused so great 
a drain in the endowment fund that 
President Ewell was obliged to suspend 
exercises in 1881. No indemnity could 
be obtained from Congress and the col- 
lege seemed doomed. It was during this 
period that the president — 'the indom- 
itable Doctor Ewell — rang the bell the 
1st of October in order to keep its 
charter alive. 

After seven years of suspension, dur- 
ing which time the revenues of the col- 
lege were well husbanded, it was 
determined by the Board of Visitors to 
apply to the legislature for aid to connect 
a system of normal training with the 
college course. The plan went through 
and a bill was enacted by the Virginia 
State legislature appropriating annually 
$10,000 to the college. Now the col- 
lege receives annually $35,000 from 
the State and its endowment fund is 
about $150,000. 

For many years Lyon G. Tyler, 
son of President John Tyler, of the United 
States, was president of the college. 



What the College of William and Mary 
asks is a chance to continue its conspicu- 
ous role of usefulness during future gen- 
erations in memory of the giants among 
men who graduated from its honored 
halls in the most trying periods of our 
national history. We need such institu- 
tions stamped with the sanction of years 

and consecrated to scholarship, Ameri- 
canism and the proper training of the 
youth of this country to acquit themselves 
like men when their hour strikes. 

Note. — The St. Memin Portraits of distin- 
guished Revolutionary graduates from Wil- 
liam and Mary College are reproduced from 
the collection owned by the Corcoran Gallery 
of Art, Washington, D. C. — Editor. 


The Treasurer General, N. S. D. A. R., 
desires to call the attention of all mem- 
bers of the National Society to the fol- 
lowing notice from the Fatherless Chil- 
dren of France, Inc. : 

Under no conditions are any collec- 
tions or subscriptions to be made by any 
local committee in the name of the Father- 

less Children of France, Inc., after De- 
cember 31, 1920, excepting for the pay- 
ment of unfilled pledges. 

D. A. R. Members who wish to con- 
tinue to contribute to the support of 
French war orphans can do so by send- 
ing their remittances direct to the orphans 
in France or their guardians. 


The Proceedings of the Twenty-ninth 
Continental Congress are now ready 
for distribution. 

To meet the increased cost of print- 
ing it has been necessary to charge 

$1.50 for each copy, which price in- 
cludes mailing. Send all orders to- 
gether with remittance to the Treasurer 
General, N. S. D. A. R., Memorial 
Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 


Copies of the American's Creed, with cents per hundred from the Treas- 
information on the reverse side as to urer General, N. S. D. A. R., Memo- 
its origin, may be purchased for fifty rial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 


By Anne Rogers Alinor 

President General, N.S.D.A.R. 

Address Delivered at Tercentenary Celebration, Provincetoivn, Mass. 

August JO, ip20 

POPULAR idea of the Pilgrims 
is that they were men well ad- 
vanced in years, who landed first 
on Plymouth Rock, praying and 
singing with Bible in one hand 
and sword in the other, a few 
women behind them in a cowering, 
frightened group. 

It is time that a picture of the reality 
should supplant this popular and fictitious 
idea. The Pilgrims were not old, but 
3'oung men and women in their twenties 
and thirties. Old people could not have 
entered upon such an adventure. Twenty- 
six or twenty-seven of the hundred pas- 
sengers were women with a number of 
little girls and a " sucking babe." They 
landed first at Provincetown, not Ply- 
mouth, much as an exploring party would 
land on an unknown shore to-day. 
Bradford writes that " a few of them 
tendered themselves to go by land " and 
find " a place fitted for habitation." and 
were permitted to attempt this danger- 
ous venture ; whereupon sixteen of them, 
armed with muskets, went ashore led by 
that young fighter of Spaniards, Miles 
Standish, and scouted along the coast. 

Nothing is said about Bible and sword, 

and the women were by no means a 

frightened group huddled together upon 

the sand and sheltered behind the men. 


It is high time, also, that the part these 
women took should be better realized. 
The Pilgrim Fathers loom so large in 
people's minds that the Pilgrim Mothers 
have been hidden out of sight behind 
them. Even in Bradford's own history 
of this great pilgrimage, the women are 
rarely if ever mentioned. 

They figure only in the list of passen- 
gers, and then only by their first names 
as some man's wife or daughter. We 
read of " Mr. John Carver; Kathrine. his 
wife; Mr. William Brewster, ]\Iary, his 
wife ; Mr. Edward Winslow, Elizabeth, 
his wife"; etc. The woman's family 
name mattered not in those days. She 
was a necessary factor in the rearing of 
families and the building of homes. These 
were plain, humble folk, most of them, 
who " came over in the Mavflozver " and 
family lineage had but little significance, 
especially in the female line. Yet these 
women braved this great adventure the 
same as the men. They had no luxurious 
ocean liner to come in. They endured the 
hardships and dangers of a voyage of 
over two months in what to-day would be 
no more than a fishing smack. They 
were tossed about in storms until " one 
of the maine beams in ye middships was 
bowed and cracked," as Bradford wrote, 
and there was doubt if their cockle-shell 



of a ship would hold together to complete 
the voyage. One woman gave birth to 
her child in these dangerous, crowded and 
nerve-racking conditions. They came to 
land on a wild and desolate shore, and in 
the dreariest of all months without sight 
of human being. To face these hardships 
took a courage higher even than man's ; 
for the women of that day did not share 
in man's knowledge of the way. They 
followed blindly, more like children, yet 
upheld by maturer principle and faith. 
They bore hardship and danger un- 
flinchingly. They endured all and dared 
all with strength, fortitude, self-reliance. 

Governor Bradford so vividly describes 
their arrival that I quote it here. Let us 
listen with thought especially for the 
women who suffered and were a part 
of it. 

He writes as follows : 

Being thus arrived in a good harbor and 
brought safe to land, they fell upon their knees 
& blessed ye God of heaven, who had brought 
them over ye vast & furious ocean, and deliv- 
ered them from all ye periles & miseries thereof, 
againe to set their feete on ye firme and stable 
earth, their proper elemente. Being thus passed 
ye vast ocean, they had now no freinds to wel- 
come them, nor inns to entertaine or refresh 
their weather-beaten bodys, no houses or much 
less townes to repaire too, to seeke for succoure. 
It is recorded in scripture as a mercie to ye 
apostle and his shipwraked company, yt the 
barbarians shewed them no smale kindnes in 
refreshing them, but these savage barbarians, 
when they mette with them (as will after ap- 
peare) were readier to fill their sids full of 
arrows then otherwise. 

And for ye season it was winter, and they 
that know ye winters of yt countrie know them 
to be sharp & violent & subjecte to cruell & 
feirce storms, deangerous to travill to known 
places, much more to serch an unknown coast. 
Besids, what could they see but a hidious & 
desolate wilderness, full of wild beasts & willd 
men? and what multituds there might be of them 
they knew not. Nether could they, as it were, 
goe up to ye tope of Pisgah, to vew from this 
wildernes a more goodly cuntrie to feed their 
hops ; for which way soever they turned their 
eys (save upward to ye heavens) they could 
have little solace or content in respecte of any 
outward objects. For sumer being done, all 

things stand upon them with a wetherbeaten 
face; and ye whole countrie, full of woods & 
thickets, represented a wild & savage heiw. If 
they looked behind them, ther was ye mighty 
ocean which they had passed, and was now as 
a maine barr & goulfe to seperate them from 
all ye civill parts of ye world ! 

Facing the rigors of a New England 
winter, with scant food, no shelter, no 
hopes of another supply ship before 
spring, they reconnoitered a strange shore 
where they had not planned to settle, and 
finally on " ye 15 of December they wayed 
anchor to go to ye place they had dis- 
covered " which " was ye best they could 
find, and ye season and their present 
necessitie made them glad to accept of it." 

On the 16th they arrived safely in Ply- 
mouth harbor, and on Christmas Day 
" began to erect ye first house for com- 
mon use to receive them and their goods." 

Time does not permit our following the 
fortunes of these Pilgrims through the 
grim years that followed, nor is it need- 
ful. The tragic story is well known — 
how half of them died the first winter, 
and how at one time only six or seven 
remained well enough to tend the rest 
through this, " ye first sickness," as Brad- 
ford called it. The first woman to die 
was at Provincetown. The first Ameri- 
can child to be born was there " borne a 
ship-board " and called " Peregriene." 

Thus life and death began immediately 
together with the great problem of how to 
survive. We can imagine how women 
of their calibre faced their share of this 
mighty task, how they worked side by 
side with the men, cheerfully, bravely, 
prayerfully. In those first years they 
faced starvation and terrible diseases, 
death and sorrow and torturing anxiety; 
to them also came love and marriage and 
little children. 

Yet it was not all tragedy. There was 
the joy of freedom ; the inspiration of a 
common struggle for aims held close at 



heart ; the strength that comes from bear- 
ing one another's burdens ; the friendship 
that is born of universal suffering and 
rejoicing, of mutual hopes and fears, of 
expectations fulfilled or disappointments ; 
and there was the gladness of success won 
by united effort as the colony grew in 
numbers and prosperity. 

Through all this the women ordered 
their households as women will ; cared 
for their children ; tilled the fields and 
tended the gardens ; stocked the larder 
with food when it was plenty, and made 
the best of it when there was scarcity ; 
mended the clothing until more came, or 
until there was wool and fiax with which 
to spin and weave. 

Until you can imagine to yourselves 
a colony of men only, cast away, as it 
were, in a wilderness, you cannot picture 
all that the Pilgrim mothers meant to the 
fathers and all that depended upon 
women's work in those early Col- 
onial days. 

At Jamestown, in A'irginia, there was 
a colony of men only. There was not a 
woman among them at first to make a 
home. These men were of a different 
type, it is true, from the Pilgrims, never- 
theless the lack of women was one of the 
elements which nearly wrecked the coJ- 
ony. Not until the women came did the 
Jamestown colony commence to prosper. 

Not so at Plymouth, where the fem- 
inine half of mankind was on hand to do 
woman's work, to build up homes, to care 
for the common needs of the colony in 
woman's way. The Pilgrim mothers did 
all this. They laid their full half of the 
foundations of this nation. They brouglit 
with them the ideals and practice of the 
English home. They and all other women 
colonists who have come to these shores, 
have set up a standard of home life and 
community life which we must maintain 
if this nation is to endure. To-dav a new 

vow should be registered to preserve the 
spirit that brought them across the track- 
less ocean and sustained them in the 
equally trackless wilderness of forest 
and plain. 

It is significant that this memorial to 
the Pilgrim Mothers should be almost 
coincident with the political enfranchise- 
ment of the women of to-day. 

From the " Compact " in the cabin of 
the Mayftotver and the first legislative 
assembly in Virginia has grown the Con- 
stitution of the United States with its 
latest widening of the franchise. The 
Pilgrim Mothers did their full share of 
the work in their little state, but they had 
no part or parcel in the Compact. His- 
tory makes but little mention of them, yet 
they helped to discover a world and to 
found a nation. Almost exactlv three 
hundred years later women have entered 
upon their full measure of citizenship. 
They are now part and parcel of the 
government that their foremothers helped 
to establish. In all the intricate activities 
of modern government and civilization 
they have a full share. But with these 
rights have come vast responsibilities. To 
meet these responsibilities the modern 
woman needs all the high qualities of the 
Pilgrim Mothers. The .spirit of those 
women must live again in ourselves if we 
are to do our full duty toward the state — 
if we are to preserve and build up our 
homes and guard our children as they 
did when this land was a wilderness. 
These three hundred years have seen the 
gradual emancipation of women from the 
condition of mere chattels to that of 
human beings having equal rights to life, 
liberty and property under the law, and a 
voice at last in their own government. 
It remains to awake to a full realization 
of the duties that these privileges involve. 

Like the Pilgrim Mothers we must be 
filled with the same spirit of service to 



the common cause, the same faith, cour- 
age and unselfish devotion that lead them 
into a strange world and enabled them to 
build the homes that they have trans- 
mitted to us to preserve. 

One more thought is brought to mind 
by these Tercentenary celebrations. It 
is the thought of " Old England " from 
which these women came. They were 
English to the core, were these Pilgrims 
and their wives. 

They sought a new world not only to 
gain freedom of thought but to preserve 
their nationality. They have left to us 
the sacred legacy of kith and kin. tlie 
legacy of a common language and litera- 
ture, common laws and principles of rep- 
resentative self-government, common 
ideals of home and morahty. The great- 
est memorial we could possibly erect in 
their honor is to maintain friendliness and 
good-will between our land and the 
motherland from whence they came. 

We are English even as they — English 
in our heritage, English in our history and 
tradition. Other nationalities have helped 
to found this country, but they have be- 
come Anglicized in the end — and here as 
everywhere the English have gone, the 
Anglo-Saxon race has predominated. 

One of the biggest results of this Ter- 
centenary movement will be and ought 
to be the closer drawing together of Great 
Britain and America. We each need the 
other in a world now torn by radical 
doctrines which seek to overturn all those 
liberties that England and America have 
stood for and fought for. A closer union 
and a more cordial understanding be- 
tween tlie two great English-speaking 
people is the most stabilizing influence 

that we can bring to bear upon the 
world to-day. 

On June 1, 1785, John Adams, our 
first minister to the Court of St. James 
after the close of the Revolutionary 
War, spoke these words to George III : 

'* I shall esteem myself the happiest of 
men if I can be instrumental in restoring 
an entire esteem, confidence and affec- 
tion, or in other words, the old good- 
nature and the old good-humor between 
peoples who, though separated by an 
ocean and under difl:"erent governments, 
have the same language, a similar religion 
and kindred blood." And the old King 
replied : " Let the circumstances of lan- 
guage, religion and blood have their 
natural and full efifect." 

If the embodiment of uncompromiising 
liberty and the embodiment of uncom- 
promising autocracy could thus meet and 
bury animosities after a long and bitter 
war, surely we can let good-will spring 
up in our hearts for the land of our 
Pilgrim ancestors. The following words 
of Governor Bradford are almost 
prophetic in their application to this 
solemn obligation of the present: "May 
not and ought not the children of these 
fathers rightly say : Our fathers were 
Englishmen which came over this great 
ocean and were ready to perish in 
this wilderness." 

The inmost soul of liberty-loving Eng- 
land came over to these shores in the 
Mayfozver. It was sternly rugged, vir- 
tuous and righteous, trusting in God and 
loving His ways. We honor ourselves 
in honoring the memory of those women 
who possessed this soul in abounding 
measure — our Pilgrim Mothers. 


By Charlotte Taylor Evans 

HARLOTTE TAYLOR, the wife of 
Robley Dunglison Evans, Rear Ad- 
miral, U. S. Navy, was born in Wash- 
ington D. C, December 9, 1836. She 
died there November 24, 1919, at 324 
Indiana Avenue, N. W., the home 
built by her father in 1860. She was 
the eldest child of Franck Taylor, an English- 
man by birth, who came to America in his 
boyhood and was for the greater part of his 
life a resident of Washington, with the busi- 
ness and social activities of which he was 
closely identified. 

Mrs. Evans' mother was Virginia Neville 
Simms, a granddaughter of Colonel Charles 
Simms, of the Virginia Line in the American 
Revolution, a neighbor of General Washing- 
ton and a pallbearer at his funeral. Mrs. 
Taylor's mother was Emily Morgan Neville, 
a granddaughter of Brigadier General John 
Neville, of the Revolution, and through her 
mother, of Major General Daniel Alorgan, 
the victor of the Battle of Cowpens. 

Mrs. Evans' three brothers — Alajor Franck 
Taylor, U. S. Army; Rear Admiral Harry 
Clay Taylor, U. S. Navy; and Colonel Daniel 
Morgan Taylor, U. S. Army — held the unique 
distinction of membership at the same time 
in the Society of the Cincinnati as represen- 
tative of these three Revolutionary ances- 
tors — General Morgan, General Neville and 
Colonel Simms. 

In 1871, Charlotte Taylor became the wife 
of Robley D. Evans, then a lieutenant com- 
mander in the Navy, who, as an acting ensign 
(regular) at the age of 18 had won distinc- 
tion and been lamed for life in the attack on 
Fort Fisher in 1865. Retired for disabilities 
in the line of duty, he was restored to the 
active list by Act of Congress and advanced 
in numbers for conspicuous gallantry and 
unusual fitness for the Service, amply proved 
by his subsequent career. 

After her marriage Mrs. Evans travelled 


extensively, as naval wives do. The old 
house in Washington, however, remained 
headquarters and finally became her own at 
her mother's death. To the present-day 
Washingtonian and the conducted tourist it is 
known as the residence of Admiral Evans; 
or, to speak as the man with the megaphone, 
" Fighting Bob." 

From her youth Mrs. Evans' associations 
were with people of culture and achievement; 
her memories of men and events were rich, 
her experiences varied and full of interest, 
sometimes exceptional, as the private audi- 
ence granted to her by the Empress Dowager 
of China, when Admiral Evans commanded 
the American fleet on the Asiatic Station. 
Her gifts as a conversationalist made these 
experiences vivid to family, friends and ac- 
quaintances. Shortly before her death, at 
the solicitation of her daughters, she began 
to put some of these memories into writing 
in an informal fashion. The attempt ended 
with the fragment here printed. 

A very interesting memory to me has 
always been that of the inauguration of 
President Wilham Henry Harrison, 
" Tippecanoe " as he was lovingly called 
by the Whigs of 1840. 

My parents were living at that time in 
a large brick house on Pennsylvania 
Avenue in Washington City and the 
inaugural procession passed in front of 
the house. On Inauguration Day I was 
seated on an old-fashioned broad window 
seat on two or three large books with my 
back against the window jamb and my 
feet on the window-sill. The seat was 
contrived for me by an adored uncle. 



who was fondly beloved by me until he 
died in a beautiful old age some ten years 
ago. For the Inauguration Day he had 
also provided me with a silken flag with 
which to salute the President. The flag 
was some twenty-seven inches long by 
about eighteen 

wide, and I 
particularly re- 
call the stafif, 
which was cov- 
ered with an 
embossed silver 
paper which I 
regarded with 
a sort of pas- 
sionate awe as a 
thing too rich 
and rare to 
be carelessly 
handled. I have 
since seen state 
crown jewels 
and other glor- 
ies, but in 
memory that 
flagstaff shines 
with a fairer 

My mother's 
drawing - room 
was filled with 
ladies and gen- 
tlemen, though 
I do not recall them, except in the mass. 
As the crowd increased in the street below 
and the cheering seemed to come nearer, 
my young uncle brought a tall glass vase, 
shaped like a champagne glass, which my 
mother ordinarily used for flowers, set it 
on the window sill, immediately in front 
of my feet, and held it steadily while my 
father poured into it a bubbling, sparkling 
stream of "hard cider." Just as the 
Presidential coach passed slowly in front 

Copyright. L'nderuood lK: riulerwood 



of the house, the ladies in the draw- 
ing-room stepped to the window and 
touched their lips to the glass, while I 
vigorously waved my flag as my uncle 
bade me. A gentleman in a large open 
coach rose to his feet and lifted his hat, 

bowing re- 
peatedly in re- 
sponse to the 
ladies' toast. 
Then the coach 
passed. Presi- 
dent Harrison 
died a month 
later, and in all 
probability I 
saw also his 
funeral proces- 
sion, but have 
no recollection 
of it. 

It may be of 
i n t e r e s t , as 
i 1 1 u s t rating 
somewhat the 
manners of 
those days, to 
speak of the 
tall glass from 
which my pa- 
rents' guests 
drank their 
toast to the in- 
coming Presi- 
dent. Some 
time before there came to Washington a 
young man — I think from North Carolina 
— who was well born and, for those times, 
well to do. He was of amiable character, 
generous nature and charming address, I 
have been told. I do not recall that I 
ever saw him. His mode of life, which 
was a round of amusement, prevented 
my father's seeing much of him ; but 
friendly relations existed between them, 
and I remember my father's look of dis- 

E 'lAYLOR t.\ ANs 




tress when he told my mother of his 
death. Shortly afterward his effects 
were sold at auction, and my father 
bought the glass at the sale as a souvenir. 
He told my mother that no champagne 
glass seemed to the youthful reveller 
large enough to offer wine in to his 
friends and 
he had had 
made to order 
a dozen like the 
one my father 
bought to use 
at his " supper 
parties." As I 
never heard my 
father and his 
friends speak 
save in the 
most affection- 
ate terms of his 
young friend, it 
can do no harm 
to give his pic- 
turesque name 
— S h o c k o e 

About two 
months after 
President Har- 
rison's inaugu- 
ration, I was 
taken by my 
mother to a 
" May Ball " — an old Washington in- 
stitution which would be much disap- 
proved of to-day, as young children 
were taken to it and allowed to re- 
main as long as they could hold their 
eyes open — sometimes longer, as I have 
seen them carried away toward midnight 
fast asleep in nurses' arms. 

At the ball of which I speak, I remem- 
ber standing beside my young and beauti- 
ful mother and immediately in front of 
two elderly gentlemen, one of whom wore 


a richly colored, red waistcoat that I 
earnestly admired. As the procession to 
crown the Queen of the May passed us, 
the gentleman in the red waistcoat said, 
with a twinkle in his eye, to his com- 
panion : " Perhaps we shall see a real 
queen in this country some day, Mr. 

Adams." T o 
which the 
other gentle- 
m a n replied 
hastily and 
with fervor : 
" I trust in God 
not, sir; I trust 
in God not ! " 
Y o u n g as 
I was, the 
marked man- 
ner of the 
two men — we 
called them 
gentlemen sev- 
enty-five years 
a g o — m a d e 
such an im- 
pression o n 
me that I 
asked my 
mother who 
they were 
and she told 
me : 
"The British 
Minister, Lord Ashburton, and Mr. 
John Quincy Adams." 

It must have been in the winter follow- 
ing Harrison's inauguration that my 
mother took me and my young sister to 
a house on Third Street about midway 
between Pennsylvania Avenue and C 
Street, N.W. It had snowed the previous 
day, I suppose, for the steps leading to the 
front door of the house had little patches 
of ice upon them and as we children be- 
gfan to ascend them mv mother warned 



Copyright, Underwood & Underwood 


US to go carefully — perhaps she lifted 
my little sister up some of the steps. 
Suddenly the front door opened and a 
large, impressive-looking man came out. 
He seemed to my baby eyes overwhelm- 
ing! He stood midway on the short 
flight of steps, stooped and slipped his 
hands under my arms and swung me to 
the top saying : " Go up. red cap ! " Then 
reaching for my little sister, he swung her 
to a place beside me as he said : " Go up, 
blue cap! " Lifting what seemed to me 
an enormous black hat to my mother, who 
smiled as she greeted him, he passed on 
down the street. I always " wanted to 
know, you know," and so asked who he 
was. My mother answered that he was 
Daniel Webster, which meant nothing to 
me then, but has been very interesting 
to me in later years. 

It was probably some two years later 

that being with my parents at a summer 
resort called " Piney Point " on the 
Potomac River, my little sister and I were 
charmed with the long gallery which 
formed the passage-way in front of the 
bedrooms in the ramshackle wooden 
hotel. Taking each other's hands, we ran 
as violently as my sister's four years of 
age allowed along the gallery until we 
met three ladies, who checked us and bade 
us not to run so fast or we might hurt 
ourselves. One of the ladies was tall and 
appeared taller, I suppose, by reason of a 
large white turban which she wore. 
There was a younger lady on either side 
of her, but I only recall their presence 
and not their appearance. The grand 
lady asked our names and I told mine, 
which she did not seem to notice, but 
w^hen my beautiful little sister, with her 
heavenly blue eyes and exquisite golden- 



brown ringlets, gave her name " Virginia 
Simms Taylor," the lady remarked to one 
of her young companions : "Why, these 
must be Virginia Simms' children ! " to 
which I answered : " Yes, that's my 
mother." When I told my mother and 
asked my usual 
question : 
''Who was 
that ? ' ' she 
said : "Oh, 
that's Mrs. 
Madison," and 
I was satisfied. 
I do not re- 
call that I ever 
saw Dolly 
Madison again, 
but some time 
after that my 
mother was at 
a ball in Wash- 
ington where 
she met Mrs. 
Madison, who 
asked if she 
were well, say- 
ing she looked 
somewhat pale. 
My mother re- 
plied that she 

said I had been sure all through my child- 
hood that the lady was a queen, to which 
my sister replied: " Oh, did you? I did 
not. I thought she was a giant!" 

Among my early memories is one of a 
gentleman whom my father greatly liked 

and whom I 
recall as having 
once sent, or 
brought, to my 
father a pres- 
ent of bear's 
meat. I re- 
member much 
talk about it at 
our dinner 
table, but do 
not recall that 
I ate any of it. 
The friend who 
gave it to my 
father w'as a 
Mr. Joe John- 
ston, whom we 
w^ere to recog- 
nize later as a 
brilliant soldier 
of the Southern 
Confederacy — 
General Joseph 
E. Johnston. 

had had a slight mrs. Virginia neville simms tavlor. wife of franck taylor, He and his 



day, to which 

the dear lady replied : " We may all 
have our headaches, my dear, but we 
need not distress our friends by looking 
pale," which has always seemed to me a 
delightful remark. 

Some thirty years later I mentioned 
our childish encounter to my sister, say- 
ing I did not suppose that she could re- 
member it ; but she declared she recalled 
it vividly and reminded me that Mrs. 
Madison had worn a beautiful scarlet 
shawl draped across her shoulders. I 

ward Johnston, 
were frequently at our house ; but Joe 
Johnston in some way disappeared from 
our horizon and, with the carelessness of 
childhood, I believe I never asked what 
had become of him. I suppose now that 
he must have been called away to service 
in the field. Indian fighting, or service 
in California. 

But Edward Johnston continued, to 
frequent our house and as I grew old 
enough to appreciate him I developed a 
warm aflfection for him, which was 



strengthened and deepened as I became 
more and more capable of really knowing 
his qualities of mind and heart. 

Then came his removal from Wash- 
ington, I do not know whither, and he 
passed out of my life. But before going 
he had taken 
me to see an in- 
teresting p e r - 
s o n a g e — ^the 
widow of Alex- 
ander Hamil- 
ton. I recall 
her as a small, 
delicately made 
woman, w h o 
sat habitually 
in a large arm- 
chair, was 
dressed in black 
and wore a 
c 1 o s e-fitting, 
plain white cap 
and looked fre- 
quently at a 
large portrait 
of a gentleman 
which hung on 
the wall of the 
I do not re- 
member a n y - 
thing that the 

venerable lady said to me or in my hearing 
but Mr. Johnston took me several times to 
see her, so I fancy I must have amused her 
— at least not w'earied her. Mr. Johnston 
was engaged upon some literary work, and, 
I believe, was editing some papers of Ham- 
ilton's. Mrs. Hamilton was at that time, 
living in a large house on H Street near 
Fourteenth Street, N.W., in Washington, 
on the site of what is now " The Univer- 
sity Hospital," and the house was called 
the " Chain Building," because the drive- 
way was marked by heavy iron chains 


swung from stubby, stone posts. I do 
not remember that I felt any special in- 
terest in Mrs. Hamilton beyond being 
sorry for her when she looked at the 
portrait on the wall. I suppose I was 
too young to be told anything about her — 

si la ) Clin esse 

I remember 
very well the 
excitement o f 
the Presiden- 
tial Campaign 
of 1844. be- 
cause my father 
was an ardent 
Whig, a de- 
voted friend 
and champion 
of Mr. Clay, 
whom we chil- 
dren were 
taught to revere 
" next to Gen- 
eral Washing- 
ton," a s m y 
little brother 
said. Once, 
when Mr. Clay 
had been dining 
at our house 
(it was an in- 
formal " Sun- 
day dinner " at three o'clock) we chil- 
dren were called before he went, away 
and were much impressed by his kiss- 
ing us and patting us on the shoulder. 
Also he asked for sugar on his green 
peas which seemed to me sublime. 

The election, bringing Mr. Clay's de- 
feat, passed by and on the fourth of the 
following March, while the rejoicing 
over Mr. Polk's inauguration was going 
on, my mother gave birth to a son who was 
at once named Harry Clay.* When the 

*-Rear Admiral H. C. Taylor, U. S. N. 



boy was about two years old, Mr. Clay 
wished to see him and my parents took 
him to the hotel where Mr. Clay was 
then lodging. There was another child 
present, somewhat older than my 
brother, and Mr. Clay drew the two 
children to him, encircling each with 
an arm, and looked earnestly at them. 
Then kissing the elder child he said : 
" This boy w^as named for me in my 
palmy days," and, turning to my gol- 
den-haired little brother, he embraced 
him with both arms and said : " But 
this one was named in the hour of my 
adversity ! " which reduced my mother 
to tears and my father to much clearing 
of the throat and use of his handkerchief. 
When I was six years old, I was sent 
to a school for small children, kept by 
an old English lady, a Mrs. Schofield, who 
was an excellent teacher, so far as she at- 
tempted instruction. Among the pupils 
were the children of two branches of the 
Washington family and of three branches 
of the Bradley connection, which will 
assure any old Washington resident of 
the social status of the school. One day 
our recitations were interrupted by the 
arrival of a young lady attended by sev- 
eral gentlemen. The lady was Miss 
Annie Ellsworth, daughter of H. L. Ells- 
worth, Commissioner of Patents, who 
came to find her nephew, or younger 
brother, Henry Ellsworth. I gave no 
heed to her conversation with Mrs. Scho- 
field, but presently I was told to get my hat 
(I think it was a sunbonnet) and go with 
Miss Ellsworth. I do not recall any other 
children in the party. 

We went to a place on Seventh Street, 
between E and F Streets, and into a small 
shop where some conversation went on 
between Miss Ellsworth and her friends 
which meant nothing to Henry and me. 
I fancy we thought it just some of the 
futilities to which "grown-ups " were 

prone ! Miss Ellsworth leaned upon the 
counter and wrote upon a piece of paper; 
a little pause ensued, broken by some 
exclamations from the group, then Miss 
Ellsworth, with a beaming smile, turned 
to her companions and everybody shook 
hands with everybody else — except 
Henry and I ! Miss Ellswortli's eyes 
brimmed over with tears, which dis- 
tressed me — ^the first telegraphic message 
had passed between Washington and 
Baltimore ! But although the scene made 
so vivid an impression upon me that I 
have never forgotten it, I did not know 
until long afterward that I had been pres- 
ent at a most important occurrence. 

And, curiously enough, no one ex- 
plained it to me, nor questioned me about 
it. It was so important that probably the 
grown people thouglit that of course we 
children understood about it. The words 
Miss Ellsworth wrote were : " What hath 
God wrought." 

I have no recollection of ever seeing 
Miss Ellsworth after that day, but her 
appearance is clear in my mind. I sup- 
pose I must have been about seven years 
old, but as I was rather precocious, my 
memories were more trustworthy than 
might be those of a more backward child. 

The outbreak of the Mexican War is 
marked for me by many little inci- 
dents : the leave-taking of my parents' 
friends and relatives as volunteers, 
and much sadness as a consequence of 
their departure. 

My father's elder brother was killed 
in the war, but I have no especial memory 
of the event. I was greatly interested 
in the prints which were shown in the 
shop windows of different battles and 
other Mexican scenes and even to-day, 
when Mexico is again of vital importance 
to us, I am conscious that my idea of the 
country is based on those colored litho- 
graphs with their spikey aloes, prickly 



pears and very green " chapparal " re- 
lieved against extremely yellow soil and 
with an intensely vivid blue sky over all. 
That is Mexico to me ! 

When the war was past, I was one day 
with other children on Pennsylvania 
Avenue when we saw an old gentleman 
walking alone looking about him quietly. 
One of my companions said : " There's 
the President; let's go speak to him!" 
and we ran toward him. Zachary Taylor 
stopped, gave us a kindly smile, patted 
some of us on the head and went his 
way. A few weeks afterward he died, 
and Millard Fillmore, the Vice-President, 
succeeded him. 

Mr. Fillmore had been my parents' 
friend from their young days and they 
always loved and admired him. I recall 
him distinctly as one of the handsomest 
men I have ever seen and distinguished 
in manner. My mother told me that in 
her young girlhood she gave to Mr. Fill- 
more the nickname of " My Lord Fili- 
gree " because of his air of elegance. 

It must have been during Mr. Fill- 
more's administration that I first heard 
any talk of " Abolition " and some im- 
portant occurrence in connection with 
slaverv and slave institutions must have 
"been about that time, but I have no recol- 
lection of it. 

My family at that time were not slave 
holders — my father was English born 
and his family traditions were opposed 
to slave-holding. My mother inherited 
slaves, but she was early left an orphan 
and her trustees and guardians thought 
slave property undesirable for her. But 
almost all servants in Washington were 
negroes or rather " colored people," for 
I do not recall many, if any, really black 
people in those days. So the slave ques- 
tion did not touch us very nearly. 

I have once or twice mentioned my 
mother, so I will now record that she 

was a very beautiful woman, full of wit, 
vivacity and charm. One of her striking 
beauties was the shape of her hands and 
arms. They were so perfect that the 
sculptor, Persico, modeled them for the 
hands and arms of his statue of Peace 
which occupies a niche on one side of the 
door leading into the rotunda in the east- 
ern portico of the Capitol at Washington. 

My mother kept her beauty all her life 
and when travelling in Italy when she 
was between sixty and seventy years of 
age, the people in the towns used to ex- 
claim at her beauty : " Ah, la bella 
vccchia!" " AJi. hcllissima Madama!" 
"Gran Dio, die belfa!" In Genoa two 
gentlemen exclaimed at her beauty and, 
as she sat in an open carriage at a shop 
door they ran across a " piazza " to the 
Stock Exchange whence they quickly 
returned leading a number of others, vmtil 
there were twenty or thirty of them 
standing about the carriage and com- 
menting with Italian freedom upon her 
personal appearance. A few months 
later, when she was in Naples, the beg- 
gars on the Santa Lucia stopped their 
importunities, lifted up their little chil- 
dren to the side of the carriage that they 
might kiss the hands of the " Signora 
vcccJiia" and then ran into their poor 
holes and corners to bring her presents — 
flowers, bright pebbles and shells and 
fruits — ^among the latter, the largest 
lemon I have ever seen. 

My mother received all tributes with 
an untiring sweetness and affability that 
sent every one away from her touched 
and gratified. 

When I was about ten years old, Jenny 
Lind (that enchanting personality !) came 
to Washington and one of my beloved 
and ever-indulgent uncles insisted that I 
should go to her concert, so in all the 
glory of a new crimson merino frock I 
accompanied him. Our seats were near 



the front so that I could hear and see sat- 
isfactorily, and the concert hall was, I 
fancy, unfinished, for I have an impres- 
sion of some rough planks where I did 
not expect them. The stage was large 
and uncarpeted, save for a single strip 
which ran through the middle of the 
orchestra, who were all upon the stage. 
Among the songs that I recall, probably 
because they were familiar to me, were 
" Hail, Columbia " and " Home, Sweet 

At one point my uncle took my hand, 
led me behind the orchestra and we stood 
at the edge of the strip of carpet used as 
the Diva's pathway to the front of the 
stage. As she returned from acknowl- 
edging one of many recalls, she was al- 
most running with her head bent low and 
one hand lying on the front of her cor- 
sage. Her face was quite close to mine 
as she went by, and I could see her lovely 
smile as she turned toward me, and I 
noted the masses of her soft bright hair. 
She was dressed in sky-blue satin nearly 
covered wnth flounces of very delicate 
white lace. I do not recall that she wore 
any jewels (they must have impressed 
a child had she worn them), but she had 
a vivid scarlet velvet ribbon tied about 
her throat with long ends floating down 
her back; some of the same ribbon was 
tied around the pretty coil of hair at the 
back of her head. More of it went 
around her wrists and fell in loops from 
the fastenings. There could not have 
been less than ten or twelve yards of rib- 
bon in the whole parura. It was pretty, 
effective and becoming. 

We had not yet learned to shudder at 
" primary colors, oh, South Kensington !" 
and my memory of the dear lady is one 
of brightness and happiness. Perhaps I 
should mention that her corsage was 
reasonably decollete, and her neck ex- 

quisitely white; her skirts were long and 
very full. 

Hoops were not as yet, but some of 
the ladies of my mother's acquaintance 
wore seventeen petticoats of white 
cambric, fully starched, supported by 
an underskirt of heavy white cotton, 
starched with flour paste and not sub- 
jected to the mollifying influence of the 
iron, but dried over a hogshead, covered 
with a clean white cloth. Can the pres- 
ent generation wonder that the name of 
the beautiful Empress Eugenie was blessed 
when she made " hoops " fashionable 
under her brilliant and evanescent reign ? 

The same young uncle — I had a num- 
ber of them ! — who took me (Miss 
Burney would say " carried " me) to 
hear Jenny Lind, about this time took 
me to the theater to see a pretty play 
called " Meeta, the Maid of Mariens- 
dorp," in which the title role w-as played 
by Miss Jean Davenport, afterward 
Mrs. Lander. During one of the inter- 
missions, I was attracted by voices be- 
hind me and looked around to see wdio 
spoke. Such a vision met my eyes that 
I turned about and gazed at the beau- 
tiful young man until my uncle made 
me resume my seat, telling me it was 
not polite to stare. But I have never 
forgotten the sculpturesque perfection 
of the features and the delicacy of color- 
ing, nor the enchanting white waistcoat 
with an under vest of brilliant rose color. 
Later on I saw him several times but not 
until many years after did I know that 
he was " Owen Meredith," the son of 
Bulwer-Lytton, the novelist, and sub- 
sequently the first Earl Lytton, who 
was at that time an attache of the British 
Legation — as yet we had no embassies. 

It was probably during Mr. Fillmore's 
administration that the Swedish novel- 
ist, Frederika Bremer, visited Wash- 
ington, and one day at my father's 



house I was presented to her. I was 
still in my young " teens," but she was 
very gentle and gracious to me, and 
when a reception was arranged for her 
she asked that I should be invited. But 
I was too young for any such enter- 
tainment and went to bed when my 
parents went to the party. Miss Bremer 
did not forget me, however, but sent me 
her own nosegay of lilies of the valley 
and a card on which she wrote : " For 
Charlotte (Franck) Taylor, with the 
love of Frederika Bremer." It is easy 
to imagine how an enthusiastic girl in 
her teens would prize such a token from 
a delightful writer. 

About this time I heard my parents 
speaking of a young man whom they 
sometimes met. He did some remark- 
able things which puzzled his friends, 
as there seemed no reasonable explana- 
tion of them. " Table-tipping " was 
talked of at that time and was a 
new thing. 

Washington in those days was just a 
big straggling village, and one evening, 
when some friends of my parents were 
giving a " party," their little daughter 
sent me a note asking me to come " to 
keep her company " as her bedroom 
was to be used for a dressing-room, and 
she could not retire until the guests 
departed. I was rejoiced to go, to sit 
with my friend in a corner " like little 
Miss Horner " and watch the grown- 
ups. At the party, I was quite excited 

to find young Mr. and learn that 

he was the person my parents had been 
discussing. I had known him at danc- 
ing-school, where he was perfecting 
himself in his dancing and was a favor- 
ite with the children. 

After much talk among the elders, 
the young gentleman suddenly came 
toward the corner where we little girls 
were sitting and asked if I would help 

him, to which I at once assented. Then 
my friend and I were sent to bring into 
the drawing-room a small, light, un- 
painted wooden table about three feet 
long by two feet wide and having a 
drawer in it. My friend used it for her 
school books, copy books, pens, etc. We 
took them out and carried the table into 
the drawing-room, placing it nearly in 
the center of the room. I describe these 
simple matters so minutely in order to 
show that there was no trickery possible. 
Then I was called to stand beside the 

table, Mr. placed himself behind 

me (I was very small for my age), 
reached over my shoulders, placed his 
hands lightly on mine, which were lying 
flat and inert upon the table and the 
table rose up, endwise, and stood upon 
two legs with its top at an inclination 
of about forty-five degrees. With no 
hands but mine touching it, but with 
occasional light touches upon mine of 

Mr. 's hands, the table remained 

in that position for about fifteen 
minutes, while several of the gentlemen 
present endeavored to press it down 
with its four legs touching the floor. I 
could feel it yield under my hands, but 
instantly rise again as if there were 
springs under it. At the end of the 

time I have named Mr. said 

laughingly : " As you, gentlemen, do 
not seem able to hold the table down, 
perhaps you may be able to hold it up," 
and the table began to sink under my 
hands. Several gentlemen at once tried 
to hold it up, but the table (and I) were 
too strong, and in a few moments it 
broke through their grasp and struck 
the floor with quite a bang. 

I immediately left the group of 
seniors, who were all talking eagerly 
and questioning Mr. , and re- 
turned to my little friend. Presently 
the young magician came to us and 



thanked me for having " helped " him, 
so I was emboldened to ask him how he 
did it, to which he replied that he did 
not know. I then asked him if it were 
" spirits," to which he answered that 
whatever it might be it was not that, 
for, he continued, " I do it myself and 
when I am not bothered I can make a 
large round table with a marble top 
come across the room and get up on 
the sofa beside me." 

There was never any explanation 
that I heard of this phenomenon ; the 
young magician was in a social posi- 
tion and of a personal standing to render 
it incredible that there should be any 
trickery in the matter, and it remains 
inexplicable to-day, so far as I know. 

The house where I met Mr. 

was the residence of the Reverend 
Orville Dewey, an Unitarian clergy- 
man, the revered and beloved friend of 
my parents — indeed of my whole 
family circle. His children were my 
dearest friends and I was much with 
his family. On another evening when 
I was at his house I found myself in 
the presence of William Makepeace 
Thackeray and of Miss Furness, after- 
w^ards j\Irs. Wister ; charming Anice 
Furness, " Miss Nannie " her young 
cousins and I called her. 

I was somewhat in awe of Mr. 
Thackeray ; he was so big, with such 
bushy eyebrows, sucli an ugly nose and 
such a loud voice ! Miss Furness sang, 
and I recall some of her songs even 
now, among them " The Two Grena- 
diers," which I heard for the first time 
with a delight which has been renewed 
each time that I have heard it through 
the " circled years." Presently I found 
myself quite under the great writer's 
wing, and almost nestled under his 
right arm while we both leaned on the 

piano to see Miss Furness as well as to 
hear her sing. 

Mr. Thackeray was delivering some 
lectures in Washington at that time and 
by chance I was taken to one of them 
and in the charm of his recital, his beau- 
tiful cordiality to Dickens, as he told of 
the " little girl who read ' Nicholas 
Nickleby ' through all her joys and 
woes," I lost all impression of fear 
which had been made upon me by his 
abruptness, for I think it was nothing 
more, when I first saw him. 

When Mr. Fillmore's administration 
closed, he was succeeded by Franklin 
Pierce, another handsome, courteous, 
pleasant gentleman, whom I vividly re- 
call, as I was, under his administration, 
taken to what we called in those days 
" the President's Levee," which we pro- 
nounced without the smallest recogni- 
tion of its accent ! I do not think that 
Mrs. Pierce assisted the President to 
receive the evening that I was pre- 
sented ; she was probably ill, as her 
health had been shattered, just before 
her husband came to the Presidency, by 
the death of a beloved child — I think 
her only one — and she was rarely seen 
in public. 

My dress for the "President's Levee" 
was my first really grown-up gown and 
would hardly be approved by the pres- 
ent generation. It was of cherry colored 
tarlatan, a kind of cotton gauze, quite 
cheap, but very effective, in the style 
of that day, when a young lady's dress 
was supposed to look — first of all — 
fresh and crisp like a newly opened 
rose. My tarlatan was made with a 
double skirt, the upper one reaching 
about to the knees, the lower one long 
all around, trailing at the back and six 
or eight yards wide ; the decollete cor- 
sage and the short bouffant sleeves 
were trimmed with a " shell trimming " 



of inch-wide satin ribbon, the exact 
shade of the tarlatan and between the 
ribbon and me was a soft frill of white 
narrow lace. Around my throat was a 
narrow black velvet ribbon from which 
hung a small, plain, gold heart about 
half an inch long and a cross of the 
same style about an inch in length. 
Simple as this adornment was, I recall 
being perfectly contented with my 
toilet, not desiring anything more 
sumptuous! So I infer that most of 
my young friends must have been at- 
tired much as I was. 

The fate of my dear cherry colored 
frock — for it was pretty, dear girls, 
with your slim, dabby frocks slopping 
about your legs and your heels hanging 
out — may interest some one. I never 
wore it again, for, in order to preserve 
its freshness, it was not consigned to 
any closet or wardrobe, but allowed 
abundance of space in a large storeroom, 
where it hung on two of a row of large 
hooks. Some deep, rather narrow, fire 
buckets — it was before the city water 
had been brought into Washington — 
hung near my gown, which was pro- 
tected by a covering of white cambric. 
But one day, the door of the room being 
open for a few minutes, a pet squirrel 
belonging to my sister, found his way 
inside and was inadvertently shut 
in there. 

He was soon missed and searched 
for, but no one thought of the store- 
room for some days, and we gave up 
" Bunnie " as lost. The storeroom 
being again entered, a forlorn looking 
scrap of something was observed dang- 
ling from a fire bucket and, on follow- 
ing the clue, my gauze gown was dis- 
covered crammed and stufifed into 
several of the buckets, the ribbon trim- 
ming pulled and chewed and torn until 
it was just a dirty red string and not a 

half yard of the gauze was left undam- 
aged ; but " Bunnie " had provided him- 
self with a series of soft nests in the 
bottom of several of the fire-buckets. 
He was joyfully received by his fond 
mistress, who cared more for him than 
for many dresses — of other persons ! 

Upon Mr. Pierce's retirement from 
the Presidency, he was succeeded by 
James Buchanan of Pennsylvania, an- 
other kindly, courteous gentleman, 
whom my father liked and admired, 
although a Democrat! 

During Mr. Buchanan's Presidency, 
the Prince of Wales, afterward King 
Edward VH, made a visit to this coun- 
try and was a guest at the White House, 
where the domestic arrangements were 
of a plainness and simplicity that must 
have been startling to His Royal 
Highness. I saw him once, a gentle, 
pleasant youth, but was not pre- 
sented, so have only a faint impression 
of him. He had not his father's great 
personal beauty nor Queen Victoria's 
majestic presence. 

Miss Harriet Lane, a favorite niece 
of the bachelor President, presided over 
the White House during the Buchanan 
administration and was all that could 
be desired in that important position. 

Miss Lane's stately beauty might 
have given the impression of haughti- 
ness, but for the gracious sweetness 
which characterized and adorned her 
long life. I never heard of an act of 
discourtesy on her part, nor a brus- 
qxierie, nor a neglect. Her old age was 
as " serene and bright " as her exquisite 
youth gave promise of. 

After the death of President Lincoln 
came the distressing administration of 
President Johnson. Many persons im- 
agined that some of the eccentricities 
which marked his conduct might be at- 
tributed to the treatment he had re- 



ceived at the time of the murder of Mr. 
Lincoln and the attacks upon the mem- 
bers of his Cabinet. The President was 
not an habitual drunkard and some per- 
sons supposed some drug had been 
given to him which, more or less perma- 
nently, affected his brain. 

At the time the impeachment of 
President Johnson was talked of there 
came into prominence Senator Joseph 
Smith Fowler of Tennessee. There was 
much doubt as to which political party 
Senator Fowler would side with up to 
the very moment when his vote was 
given. I was in the Senate Gallery that 
day through the kindness of a friend, 
Representative Baker, of Illinois, who 
gave me one of his tickets. 

The gallery was, of course, crowded, 
but as we were early in our attendance 
I had a seat almost immediately above 
Mr. Fowler, whom I knew quite well. 
He was a man of slight figure, rather 
tall than short, somewhat reddish hair 
and the delicate, pallid complexion 
usual to persons of that type. On the 
day to which I refer, Mr. Fowler was 
of a deadly pallor, almost green in tint, 
and had a shrinking, nervous manner 
distressing to view. 

The proceedings in the Senate were 
keenly interesting, some Senators speak- 
ing with much earnestness and power 
on their respective sides. Then came 
the vote as to whether the President 
should be impeached. Mr. Fowler was 
a Republican and his deciding vote was 
needed, as the question had become 
largely a party matter. When Mr. 
Fowler's vote was called for he rose in 
his seat and stood for an instant, visibly 
trembling. He made an effort to speak, 
but no sound came. Another attempt 
resulted in silence, and then an indis- 
tinct " no " came from him, so indistinct 
that the presiding officer asked : " Do I 

understand the Senator to say ' No '? " 
To which Mr. Fowler assented and sat 
down. I must have been greatly ex- 
cited, for I remember nothing of the 
subsequent proceedings. Very soon 
thereafter Mr. Fowler left Washington 
and I never saw him again. 

The turbulent, distressful adminis- 
tration of Andrew Johnson passed from 
sight and was succeeded by that of Gen- 
eral U. S. Grant, to the great joy of us 
who knew and loved him well. We felt 
that the country was safe in his hands 
and even his enemies knew that he was 
not a man to trifle with ! A volume 
would be needed to continue the 
eulogium I would wish to write of him, 
instead of the few lines to which I feel 
restricted in these pages. 

I first saw him at a wonderful recep- 
tion in his own house ; I think in 1866. 
The throng was so great that my mother 
and I would have withdrawn without 
entering the house, but when we real- 
ized the situation it was too late to re- 
treat and we were borne by the strug- 
gling crowd into the front door, through 
the corridor and up the staircase with- 
out being able to extricate ourselves 
until we reached the rooms used as 
vestiaries on the upper floor. Once 
there I refused to risk again becoming 
entangled in the crowd, but my mother 
and several friends who had accom- 
panied us, did so, while I remained 
up stairs. 

It was a disappointment to me, as Gen- 
eral Sheridan was receiving with Grant 
that evening and I had never met either of 
them, and especially wished to see Sheri- 
dan, whose gallant and dashing exploits 
had captivated my imagination. 

Finally one of our friends came to 
me with a message from my mother, 
telling me to go to her as the drawing- 
rooms were nearly empty. I went 



gaily downstairs with my escort who 
told me I should find the two generals 
still on duty at the door of one of the 
drawing-rooms, and he led me to them. 

Grant stood next to the door as we 
entered, my escort presented me and 
the general himself introduced General 
Sheridan. They were both short men, 
rather weather-beaten in aspect and 
strongly built. Neither one was hand- 
some, but each had an air of poxvcr 
better than beauty, and Sheridan had a 
brilliant glance and striking manner 
which he never lost. 

But I hardly noted him, so impressed 
was I with the quiet, rather slow-man- 
nered man who stood beside him. I 
never met a look which gave such an 
impression of weight until I saw Victor 
Emanuel II, King of Italy, /'/ Re Galan- 
touomo, as I had from those gray eyes 
of U. S. Grant. 

We later became intimate friends of 
General and Mrs. Grant. 

An occurrence in the Grant family 
seems worthy of commemoration as it por- 
trays one aspect of a great man's nature. 

Mrs. Grant, who was very pleasant 
to look at without being " a beauty," 
had a defect of the eye which surgeons 
thought might be easily corrected. Ar- 
rangements were made, a room pre- 
pared, the surgeons in attendance, and 
Mrs. Grant seated in a large easy chair, 
while the general walked up and down 
the floor. The principal surgeon an- 
nounced that all was ready, at which 
the general advanced to Mrs. Grant's 
chair and said : " Don't touch her ; I am 
afraid you will hurt her. I like her that 
way. I fell in love with her that way, 
and you must not touch her ! " And 
doctors, surgeons, instruments and all 
were bundled out of the Grant house 
and the dear lady left, as she always had 
been and as her husband " liked her." 

At General Sherman's house I met 
Prince Arthur of England, Queen Vic- 
toria's second son. There was a large 
reception held in the Prince's honor, 
and I recall him as a sweet-faced lad, 
in his " teens " and very attractive in 
appearance. The Prince was better 
known as the Duke of Edinboro, and 
always seemed to be much beloved by 
those who came in contact with him. 

In 1871, on my marriage to Lieu- 
tenant Commander Evans, U. S. Navy, 
I left Washington for the little town of 
Annapolis, where we lived while my 
husband was on duty at the Naval 
Academy and there I knew the noted 
man who as Captain Worden had com- 
manded the Monitor in the sea fight be- 
tween that vessel and the Virginia, pre- 
viously the Merrimac, in which the lat- 
ter was sunk. Worden was a gallant 
and able man, and caused great interest 
and enthusiasm among the midship- 
men at the Naval Academy, where he 
was superintendent, whenever he ap- 
peared in their midst. His face was 
marked, especially around the eyes, 
with the powder, the explosion of which 
had nearly blinded him during the 
memorable fight between the Monitor 
and the Virginia. 

In 1871, or early in the following year, 
the Grand Duke Alexis of Russia, with 
his suite, visited the Naval Academy 
and I met and talked with his Imperial 
Highness. He was one of the hand- 
somest Royalties I have ever seen, very 
tall, well-made, with fair hair, blue eyes 
and a frank, open manner. 

In 1873, my husband's four years of 
duty at the Naval Academy being ended, 
he again sought sea service and was 
ordered to go to Europe and report for 
duty to the Commander of what was then 
called the Mediterranean Squadron, and 
we left Annapolis in June of that year. 



E are beginning a New Year of oppor- 
tunity. In this New Year I want to 
emphasize the national character of 
our Society and its work. The power, 
the value and the influence of the 
National Society all depend upon 
keeping the national idea uppermost. 
Our chapters are merely groups of National 
Society members banded together " for purposes 
of convenience " to do our National Society's 
work and advance its objects in the various 
localities where they are formed. The chapters 
are valuable working units of our national 
organization ; they are themselves the National 
Society working in groups. They may take up 
purely state or local objects which are in keep- 
ing with the general patriotic objects of the 
Society — but these are secondary. The first 
duty of every chapter is to do its share in the 
national work of the organization, undertaken 
by vote of the state and chapter representa- 
tives in our Congress or on the National Board. 
It is this national scope of our work which 
brings us the recognition we receive from our 
Government, from the public at large and from 
other organizations which are constantly seek- 
ing our endorsement or cooperation. It is the 
national character of our patriotic service which 
entitled us to receive our charter from the 
United States Government, under which we are 
obliged to report annually to the United States 
Senate. It is this national character by reason 
of which we enjoy exemption of our property 
from all taxation, and of our entertainments 
from war taxation of their proceeds — for they 
are exempt by a ruling of the Federal authori- 
ties on the ground of our educational objects. 
What are the big national things we have 
done in the past and must keep on doing in 
the future? 

First and foremost there was the awakening 
of the spirit of Americanism; the revival of a 
true and vital patriotism; the teaching of 
American ideals. There was the revival of 
interest in American history and the aims and 
ideals of the forefathers. There was the preser- 
vation of fast vanishing records. There was 

the promotion of a realizing sense of all that 
America stands for in the world. There was 
the teaching of the duties and solemn privilege 
of citizenship. There was the erection of 
countless memorials to perpetuate the memory 
of patriotic deeds and hold them up as an 
example to be followed. 

Of these memorials the greatest is Memorial 
Continental Hall, built by the concerted efforts 
of all our chapters — the visible monument of 
all that our Society stands for in thus perpetuat- 
ing the spirit of the American Revolution. 
There is the land back of it, similarly bought 
and paid for, which we loaned rent free to the 
Government — a patriotic service during the war. 

There are the Magazine and the Lineage 
Books, both of them valuable historical and 
genealogical publications, the Magazine being 
also a valuable influence for Americanism. 
There was the raising of the Liberty Loan Fund 
for our Government during the war; the 
Tilloloy Fund for stricken France ; the con- 
certed work for the support of French orphans, 
and all other war work suggested by the 
National Society. 

It is our national work that has made our 
Society great and influential. Let us remember 
this. It is the continuance and enlargement of 
this national work that is going to make us an 
asset to our Government and to America. 

State and local work must be done, but not at 
the expense of national work. Our power as a 
Society consists in these three fields of service — 
the nation, the state, the locality of each chapter, 
but the greatest of these is the nation. Our na- 
tional work is your work as members of the 
National Society. You cannot be chapter mem- 
bers without being National Society members 
first. Therefore, loyalty to our national work, 
and active support of it, are the first duty of 
every member, state and chapter of our splendid 
national organization. 

May our Society, and every part of it, make 
good its wonderful opportunities all through 
the coming year. 

Anne Rogers Minor, 
President General. 


Bv Anna Barrows 

ETWEEX Thanksgiving and 
Christmas was a day which de- 
served special observance, Fore- 
fathers' Day. The President's 
Proclamation suggested that 
December 21st " be observed 
throughout the Union with special 
patriotic services." December 22nd 
was the date recognized in the early 
celebrations of the Pilgrim " landing " 
which has meant so much in the develop- 
ment of America. Undoubtedly there 
were a succession of landings during 
that winter when the Mayflower was 
their shelter. 

For a century the New England 
Society of New York has held a cele- 
bration on December 22nd. The Old 
Colony Club of Plymouth owes its exis- 
tence to an assembly on December 22, 
1769, to commemorate the " Landing of 
the Pilgrims." The dinner at Mr. 
Howland's tavern included staple dishes 
of the past, served in this order: 

Baked Indian whortleberry pudding. 

Sauquetach (succotash) (maize and beans). 

A dish of clams. 

A dish of oysters, and a dish of codfish. 

Haunch of venison, roasted by the first 
jack brought to the colony. 

A dish of sea-fowl, a dish of frost fish 
and eels. 

Apple pie, cranberry tarts and cheese. 

More than a hundred years later this 

menu was served at Delmonico's to the 

New England Society : 

Cape Cod Oysters. Pickles. 

Clam Chowder. Turtle Soup. 

Boiled Codfish, Egg Sauce. 

Cucumbers. Potatoes. 

Saddle of Down-East Mutton. 

Stufifed Tomatoes. 

Breast of Plymouth Rock Chicken. 

Green Peas. 

Boston Baked Beans and Brown Bread. 

Nantucket Duck. 

Three kinds of Pie, Sage Cheese. 

Rhode Island Greenings. 

Ice Cream. Nuts and Raisins. 

Coffee and Doughnuts. 

PVom these two menus, we may select 
some dishes suited to our own purse 
and family for our home celebrations 
this year. 

There are few whose forbears have 
lived in America for three generations 
who would not find in their family tree 
some members of the early Massachu- 
setts colony, even if there were no direct 
contact with the Mayfloivcr. All such 
should endeavor to do honor in some 
way to their ancestors. 

Suppose we try to put ourselves in 
the place of the brave Pilgrims, who 
after a long voyage in the crowded little 
Mayflower, reached the New^ England 
coast in winter. Can we imagine their 
isolation and worse yet, their dangers ? Is 
there to-day a hunting camp in Northern 
Maine, Michigan or Canada that is not 
luxurious compared with the quarters of 
the Pilgrims that first year? Think of 
the lack of variety in their food while 
they depended on the supplies brought in 
the Mayflower! Compare the daily meals 
with those of a modern ocean liner. 

There was no cold storage plant, nor 



even tinned fruits or vegetables. A sur- 
vey of the cookbooks of English house- 
keepers of that period would show us 
the dishes that were in common use and 
the herbs and vegetables. Doubtless the 
women of the Mayflower brought many 
seeds from their home gardens, and per- 
haps cuttings from vines and fruit trees. 

It would be interesting to know from 
whose salad garden " escaped " (as the 
botanists put it), the purslane or " pus- 
sley " which tries the patience of mod- 
ern gardeners. 

The feeding of the Elizabethan period 
has been classed as Homeric ; there were 
few of the delicacies of later times. 
Chocolate, cofifee, forks, and even sugar 
were just beginning to come from Italy 
and the East. 

There were no " ready-to-eat " foods, 
no ground herbs and spices, no gelatines 
or baking powders, the mortar and pestle 
must powder the spices. A " gang "of 
calves' feet must be cooked to secure gela- 
tine and the stomach of young animals 
cleaned and dried to curdle the milk 
for cheese. The ashes from the wood 
fire on the hearth furnished the potash 
for soap-making or even for neutralizing 
the sour milk for the corn bread. 

The memorial halls at Plymouth and 
other New England towns, or collections 
in public libraries, etc., show us some of 
the cooking utensils and tableware of 
three hundred years ago. Even if they 
did not all arrive on the Mayflower in 
any of its voyages, they indicate the cus- 
toms of the period. 

Anyone who has visited Anne 
Hathaway's cottage at Stratford-on- 
Avon. will recall the trenchers and 
wooden plates hollowed from substantial 
blocks, very different from the wooden 
plate now in use. During the colonial 
days there were " bees " for making 
trenchers as well as for husking corn 

or drying apples or making fruit butters. 
Mrs. Alice Morse Earle says that: "In 
every household every spare minute was 
occupied in doing something that would 
benefit the home." 

Wood was abundant and the jackknife 
was a common tool, by aid of which bowls 
and paddles and spoons and clothespins 
were fashioned during leisure moments. 
Brooms were made from the twigs of 
fresh hemlock or sweet fern tied securely 
around a stick. The birch broom came 
later and appears to have been learned 
from the Indians, like the canoe and snow- 
shoe. For their special purpose modem 
ingenuity has not been able to improve 
upon the skill of the Indian. Shells set 
in handles of wood served for spoons. 

Pewter as a tableware was at its 
height at about the time the Pilgrim went 
to Holland and some pieces doubtless 
came in the Mayflozvcr. 

During their stay in Holland the Pil- 
grim Mothers doubtless learned much 
from the thrifty Dutch housekeepers. 
The cooky, and the doughnut are sup- 
posed to be of Dutch origin. Rev. W. E. 
Grifiis in his " American in Holland " 
says " the smaller cakes are of course 
called ' koejes,' which we call cookies." 

He further refers to the little diminu- 
tive tail or annex, Dutch " je," English 
" ey," Scottish " ie," and says that the 
koeje has survived as cooky even when 
transplanted to America. Washington 
Irving told of the Dutch Olykoeks which 
were evidently the ancestors of the later 
fried cake or doughnut. The rich crul- 
lers are of Dutch origin, and may derive 
their name from their shape, which 
resembles closely the twisted orna- 
ments worn by Dutch girls in their hair. 

During the twelve years in Holland the 
Pilgrim company is said to have increased 
threefold and they were counted as use- 
ful citizens. Evidently they depended 



somewhat upon the pubUc bakers, from 
this record. 

" And first, though many of them were 
poore, yet their was none so poore, but 
if they were known to be of ye congrega- 
tion, the Dutch (either bakers or others) 
would trust them in any reasonable mat- 
ter when they want money. Because they 
had found by experience, how careful 
they were to keep their word." 

After the first two or three years the 
thrifty Pilgrims had no lack of good food. 
According to some old records, breakfast 
was mainly hasty pudding, or pea or 
bean porridge. Tea and cofifee were 
unknown, and it is considered doubtful 
whether tea and coffee pots belong to that 
period or came in the Mayfloiver. 

Dinner was much like breakfast with 
brown bread and rye pudding. Poultry 
was plentiful but beef and mutton were 
luxuries. Fresh fish was likely to be the 
main dish at supper. Butter and cheese 
were abundant later. Rye and Indian 
breads were more common than any 
other. Potatoes were not used to any 
extent until the Revolutionary period, but 
turnips were a staple. Peas seemed to 
have been in general use and were baked 
like beans. Pumpkins grew with the corn 
and beans, and were added to the corn 
bread for variety, and seem to have been 
preferred to squashes. During colonial 
days they were so important that one 
record thus put it. 

" We have pumpkins at morning and 
pumpkins at noon. 

If it were not for pumpkins wc should 
be undoon." 

The baked bean was well adapted to 
the condition of a pioneer people. One 
historian failed to recognize the calorie 
value of this combination, and stated that 
the union of the meanest f^esh with the 
poorest of vegetables indicated a time 
of great scarcitv in Colonial davs. 

With the pageants and family reunions 
that doubtless will continue another year 
and longer, it should be worth while to 
study the genealogy not only of our 
families, but of our foods. 

During the war one New England 
college of agriculture, through its home 
economics department, started the stu- 
dents collecting family recipes and those 
from old cookbooks of the colonial period. 

A survey of such collections would 
show how many of our modern dishes 
have come to us from the far past, and 
give much light regarding the history 
of foods. 

Sir Kenelme Digby collected many 
formulas for home brewing of wines, 
metheglin, " sider," etc., " together with 
excellent directions for cookery." From 
a copy of his " Closet " printed in London 
in 1669, the following recipes are selected : 
Undoubtedly they represent the type 
which had been in use for a century back, 
and such as were brought over in the 
Mayflozver, if not in print, at least stored 
in the minds of the housekeepers. 

" Closet of the Eminently Learned Sir 
Kenelme Digby. 
Wheaten Flommery : 

" In the West-country, they make a kind 
of Flommery of wheat flower, which they 
judge to be more harty and pleasant than 
that of oatmeal Thus; Take half, or a quarter 
of a bushel of good bran of the best wheat 
(which containeth the purest flower of it, 
though little, and is used to make starch) and 
in a great wooden bowl or pail, let soak with 
cold water upon it three or four days. Then 
strain out the milky water from it and boil it 
up to a jelly or like starch. Which you may 
season with Sugar and Rose or Orange-flower- 
water, and let it stand till it be cold and 
jellied. Then eat it with white or Rheinish 
wine, or Cream or Milk or Ale. 

An Oatmeal Pudding : 

" Take a Pint of Milk; And put to it a Pint 
of large or midling Oatmeal — let it stand 
upon the fire, until it be scalding hot; Then 
let it stand by and soak about half an hour: 
Then pick a few sweet-Herbs and shred 



them, and put in half a pound of currants; 
and half a pound of Suet, and about two 
spoonfuls of Sugar, and three or four Eggs. 
These put into a bag, and boiled, do make a 
very good Pudding." 

"The Queen's Closet Opened," 1696, 
is another choice collection including 
recipes approved by Queen Elizabeth, 
King Charles I, and many physicians, and 
lords and ladies of the court. 

These are mainly household remedies 
for all sorts of diseases, in which every 
possible herb is used. A single one 
will suffice. 

Syrup of Turnips : 

First bake the Turnips in a pot with house- 
hold bread, then press out the Liquor be- 
tween two platters; put a pint of this Liquor 
to half a pint of Hysop water, and as much 

brown Sugar candy as will sweeten it and 
boyl it to the consistence of a Syrup. It is 
very good for a Cold or Consumption." 

The " Enghsh House-wife," 1683, by 
G. Alarkham gives few recipes, but many 
general directions for " skill in cookery." 

To bake a Pudding-pye. Take a quart of 
the best Cream, and set it on the fire, and 
slice a Loaf of the lightest white bread into 
thin slices, and put into it, and let it stand 
on the fire till the Milk begins to rise, then 
take it off and put it into a bason, and let it 
stand till it be cold; then put in the yelks of 
four Eggs, and two Whites, good store of 
Currants, Sugar, Cinnamon, Cloves, Mace, 
and plenty of Sheep's Suet finely shred, and 
a good season of Salt, then trim your Pot 
well round about with Butter and so put in 
your Pudding and bake it sufficiently, and 
when j'ou serve it strew Sugar upon it. 


D. A. R. lectures and slides can be 
secured for use in entertainments given 
for children, foreigners and special an- 
niversaries. Address all communica- 
tions to Mrs. Bertha M. Robbins, 
Memorial Continental Hall, Washing- 
ton, Chairman, National Committee on 
Patriotic Lectures and Lantern Slides. 

A rental fee defrays the expense of 
keeping the material in first-class con- 
dition, and the transportation cost both 
ways must also be paid. If the lecture 
is used more than once, an additional 
charge is made for each exhibition. 

Definite dates must be given when 
engaging the lectures, and it is impera- 

tive that all slides and lectures be re- 
turned to Memorial Continental HalU 
Washington, immediately after use, as 
these lectures are in great demand. 
They are sent on schedule to indi- 
vidual members and Chapters, and are 
engaged far in advance. 

When there is delay in return ship- 
ment of the lantern slides and lecture 
manuscripts (which must be packed 
together) to Memorial Continental 
Hall, Washington, it disarranges these 
carefully planned schedules and often 
causes the postponement of advertised 
lectures for which tickets have been sold. 

The Breach with England, 1765-1775. 

The latest authoritative work on the Revolution and the events leading up to it is 
Channing's History of the United States, vol. 3. Howard's Preliminaries of the Revolution 
(American Nation, vol. 8) covers the ground implied in its title. An impartial discussion 
from the English Whig standpoint is to be found in Lecky's History of England in the 
Eighteenth Century ; the chapters on this topic have been edited and separately published 
by Prof. J. A. Woodburn as The American Revolution, 1763-1783. 

For a summary of the whole period read: 
Bassett: pp. 161-184. 
Elson: pp. 220-250. 

1. England and America, 1763. 


Bancroft: History of the United 
States, iii, 1-17. 

Wilson: Historx of the American 
People, ii, 210-218. 

Trevelyan, G. O.: The American 
Revolution, pt. i, pp. 38-63. 

Becker: Beginnings of tlie Ameri- 
can People, 160-200. 

2. English Politics, 1760-67. 

Fiske: American Revolution, i, 

Green: Short History of the Eng- 
lish People, 761-768. 

Lecky: England in the XV HI Cen- 
tury, iii, 166-178 (New Edition, 

3. Grenville's Colonial Policy. 

Wilson: ii, 150-162. 
Channing: iii, 29-46. 
Lecky: iv, 52-67. 

4. The Stamp Act. 

Becker: pp. 214-224. 
Bryant & Gay: iii, 338-350. 
Channing: jiii, 54-71. 
The Stamp Act Congress. 

Howard: Preliminaries of the Rev- 
olution, 154-157. 

5. The Townshend Acts. 

Channing: iii, 81-104. 
Howard: pp. 181-187. 
Bancroft: iii, 287-291. 
Non-importation agreements. 
Channing: iii, 105-107. 
Bancroft: iii, 343-348. 

6. The Boston Massacre. 

Bancroft: iii, 371-378. 
Bryant & Gay: iii, 359-362. 

7. Committees of Correspondence. 

Howard: pp. 253-258. 
Channing: iii, 124—127. 

8. The Tea Duties and the Boston Tea Party. 

Fiske: i, 82-93. 
Bancroft: iii, 443-458. 

9. The Boston Port Bill. 

Fiske: i, 95-103. 

10. The First Continental Congress. 

Wilson: ii, 192-202. 
Howard: pp. 285-295. 

11. Lexington and Concord. 

Fiske: i, 120-126. 

Bryant & Gay: iii 383-394. 

Bancroft: iv, 152-166. 

12. Bunker Hill. 

Bryant & Gay: iii, 397-406. 
Fiske: i, 138-146. 

13. The Attempt on Canada. 

Winsor: vi, 160-167. 
Channing: iii, 241-245. 

14. The Siege of Boston. 

Bryant & Gay: iii, 406-429. 


^ ^age in 

Conducted by 
Edith Roberts Ramsburgh 

Drawings by 
Zoe Lee H. Anderson 




In 1033 Emperor Conrad, with his army, 
conquered the baronies of Aries & Bour- 
gogne, in France. Raphael Du Puy (Latin, 
Podio), "grand Chambellan de I'empire" fol- 
lowed him. He was one of the Gover- 
nors whom the Emperor appointed over the 
new possessions. 

In 1610, the tomb of Raphael was opened 
by order of M. Le Conte de la Roche, 
" Gouverneur de Romans en Dauphine." The 
corpse was extended upon a marble slab, his 
spurs on one side, his sword on the other & 
upon his head a helmet of lead with a copper 
plate bearing the inscription, " Raphael de 
Podio, General de la Cavalerie Romaine et 
Grand Chambellan de I'empire Romaine." 

His son Hughes Du Puy, 1st Seigneur de 
Perens, d'Apifer, and de Rocheport, went to 
the Crusades in 1096, taking his wife & three 
of his children. He founded the Abbey 
d'Aiguebelle, Order of St. Bernard. Was 
one of the Generals of Godefroi de Bouillon, 
& for his bravery was granted the " Son- 
verainete la ville d'Acres." 

His grandson Hughes Du Puy, Chevalier, 
went to the Crusades 1140 with Ame III, 
Conite de Savoye. 

Nine generations later Jean Du Puy be- 
came the founder of the Protestant family 
of Cabrielles, upper Languedoc, 1583. 

His great-great-grandson Bartholomew Du 
Puy, born 1650, was a trusted Lieutenant in 
the household guard of Louis XIV. He went 
to England 1699 and in 1700 came to Amer- 
ica & settled in the Huguenot Colony on 
the James River, Va. 

* This line and arms used through the 
courtesy of Miss Jenn Coltrane, His- 
torian General, National Society, D. A. R. 



The Grubbs belong to an old English 
family, the name appearing in the records 
of Kent, Cornwall, Hertfordshire and other 
counties in the thirteenth century. 

Since 1127 the Grubbs have been one of 
the most distinguished families of high rank 
in Austria. But the English stock is of 
Danish descent. 

Henry Grubb, Member of Parliament, 
elected in 1571, had a grandson Thomas born 
in Wiltshire & graduated from Oxford Uni- 
versity, M. A., who took Holy Orders & was 
rector of Cranfield, Bedfordshire. 

His son John Grubb, of Bedfordshire, was 
a Royalist & a supporter of the Church of 
England. After the death of Charles I, he 
settled in Cornwall & married Helen Vivian. 

Their son John, born in Cornwall, 1652, came 
to the Delaware River in America, 1677, & ob- 
tained a grant of land at Upland, now Chester, 
Pennsylvania, 1679, & another at Grubb's 
Landing, New Castle County, Delaware, 
1682, one of the first shipping points on the 
Delaware River. In 1693 he was commis- 
sioned Justice of New Castle County, 1692, 
1698, 1700 was a member of the Colo- 
nial Asseinbly. 

He married Frances Vane, of Bradford 
Twp., Chester County, Pa., & their daughter 
Charity Grubb married Henry Beeson. 

The Beesons emigrated from Lancashire, 
England, & landed at Baltimore, Maryland, 
1682. & vested lands in New Castle County, 
Delaware. Richard, a grandson of the emi- 
grant Richard, was born in Martinsburg, 
Virginia, 1743, and married Mary Martin. 

It was their son Henry Beeson who mar- 
ried Charity Grubb & was the founder of 
Beesontown, or, as it now is LTniontown, Pa. 



The John Benning Chapter, Aloultrie, was 
hostess for the Twenty-second Annual (Recon- 
struction) Conference of Georgia Daughters of 
the American Revolution, April 6th-8th with 
Mrs. James S. Wood, State Regent, presiding. 

Moultrie extended a cordial welcome and 
lavish hospitality to her visitors. As is the 
custom the first session was given over to 
addresses of welcome and pleasing responses. 
Greetings were extended the visiting 
D. A. R. by Mrs. R. S. Roddenbery Regent 
of the hostess chapter, who also introduced 
the State Regent, Mrs. James S. Wood. IMrs. 
Wood formally opened the Twenty-second 
Conference of the Georgia D. A. R., making 
the subject of her address " Patriotism 
and Americanism." 

The State Regent presented Mrs. Shep- 
pard W. Foster, our beloved Vice President 
General from Georgia, who brought greet- 
ings from the National Society and made an 
important address on the work. Other dis- 
tinguished guests present were: Airs. J. E. 
Hayes, President of the Georgia Federation 
of Women's Clubs; Mrs. Frank Harrold, 
President Georgia Division U. D. C, and 
Mrs. Howard McCall, Honorary State Regent. 

The other meetings were devoted to busi- 
ness, interspersed with beautiful musical num- 
bers. There were 88 delegates, officers and 
chairmen attending the Conference, repre- 
senting 78 chapters of Georgia, all full of 
enthusiasm and an earnest zeal for advance- 
ment in their many lines of endeavor. Splen- 
did reports were given from many of these 
chapters. The State Regent reported that 
even the Georgia Daughters themselves little 
realize the vast magnitude of Americaniza- 
tion, Education and Philanthropic work, as 
well as Historical Research carried on by the 
3522 members of our state organization. The 
Georgia D. A. R. have for years fostered 
Patriotic Education, which but slightly dif- 
fers from the title " Americanization." 

A resolution was introduced by Mrs. 
James S. Wood, State Regent, that " Con- 
ference undertake in a greater measure the 
great work of Americanizing the foreigners 
in our midst, and that each chapter endeavor 

to support a teacher in its vicinity to carry 
on the work, and to contribute towards the 
support of teachers at large in the state." 
Further resolved, " That this work be car- 
ried out in a systematic way through scholar- 
ships, chapters to secure ' Americanization 
Scholarhips,' to be given boys and girls of 
foreign parentage." Mrs. Max E. Land, new 
State Regent and Chairman Americaniza- 
tion, was the author of a resolution which 
was adopted, " That the Georgia D. A. R., in 
conference assembled, indorse the movement 
to eradicate illiteracy in Georgia, and each 
chapter pledge cooperation to the Illiter- 
acy Commission." 

Among other important resolutions passed 
was that of taking Meadow Garden, the 
home of George Walton, a signer of the 
Declaration of Independence, under the 
supervision of the chapters of the state, each 
chapter enjoying the privilege of contribut- 
ing towards the upkeep of this historic 
shrine. A perpetual $5000 scholarship at the 
University of Georgia in memory of our 
soldier heroes who gave their lives in the 
World War was launched by the Elijah 
Clarke Chapter, Athens. 

When the time arrived for the nomination of 
state officers, and Mrs. Max E. Land, of 
Cordele, was nominated for State Regent, a 
most spectacular demonstration occurred, 
when the entire assembly of Daughters rose 
to second the nomination. Other state offi- 
cers for the ensuing year are: State First 
Vice Regent, Mrs. W. C. Vereen; State 
Second Vice Regent, Mrs. Charles Aker- 
man; State Recording Secretary, Mrs. Julius 
Talmadge; State Corresponding Secretary, 
Mrs. T. J. Durrett; State Treasurer, Mrs. 
George Hope; State Auditor, Mrs. Rufus 
Brown; State Librarian, Mrs. S. J. Jones; 
State Historian, Mrs. O. C. Bullock; State 
Consulting Registrar, Mrs. J. L. Walker; 
State Editor, Aliss Alice May Massengale; 
Assistant State Editor, Miss Alaud Clark 
Penn. Mrs. S. W. Foster, the Vice Presi- 
dent General from Georgia, was unanimously 
and enthusiastically elected Honorary State 
Regent of Georgia. 

By no means was the social side of Con- 




ference left to chance. Most enjoyable were 
the luncheons by the John Benning Chapter 
at the Country Club, and by the Moultrie 
McNeil Chapter U. D. C; the buffet supper 
by the Worth While Club, and the reception 
tendered by Mrs. W. C. Vereen and Mrs. 
R. S. Roddenbery the automobile drives, 
and band concert. 

(Mrs. T. J.) Jessie Frazer Durrett, 

State Corresponding Secretary. 


The nineteenth annual State Conference of 
the New Hampshire Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution convened in Memorial Parish 
House, Concord, Wednesday morning, October 
6, 1920, guests of the hostess chapter^ — Rumford. 

The meeting was called to order by the 
State Regent, Mrs. Charles W. Barrett. 
Prayer was offered by the Rt. Rev. Edward 
M. Parker, Bishop of New Hampshire. The 
American's Creed, led by Mrs. B. C. Boyd, 
State Chairman of the Americanization Com- 
mittee, was next recited, followed by the 
singing of the " Star-Spangled Banner," 
after which the Salute to the Flag was given, 
led by Mrs. G. L. Chase, State Chairman, 
Correct Use of the Flag Committee. Inter- 
esting addresses were then given by Hon. 
Harry T. Lord, ex-President S. A. R., and 
Mr. Philip W. Ayres, Forester of the Society 
for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests. 

Greetings were extended to the Confer- 
ence by Mrs. John H. Stewart, State Regent 
of Vermont, and Mrs. Ida Farr Miller, Ex- 
State Regent of Massachusetts. Mrs. Charles 
C. Abbott, Ex-Vice President General, 
N. S. D. A. R., gave a touching In Memoriam 
for the Daughters who died during the year. 

Interesting reports were read by Chapter 
Regents and State Chairmen. The election 
of State Officers resulted in electing Airs. 
Lorin Webster, of Plymouth, for our incom- 
ing State Regent, and Mrs. Leslie P. Snow, 
of Rochester, for State Vice Regent to be 
confirmed at our next Continental Congress 
in April, 1921. 

A luncheon was served on Wednesday in 
Memorial Parish House for all Daughters 
and their guests, and that evening a delightful 
reception was given by the Rumford Chapter 
at the home of Mrs. Benjamin S. Rolfs. 

The Conference proved one of the most 
interesting held in the state, being largely 
attended and ably presided over by Mrs. 
Charles Barrett, our State Regent, who was 
the recipient of many beautiful flowers, indi- 
cating her deserved popularity. 

The reports showed much work accom- 
plished in various lines during the year. 
Every chapter reported Americanization 

work; for the American International Col- 
lege $800 was given in scholarships to young 
women pupils. We voted $25 for our 
" Neighborhood House," at Dover, $25 to 
the New Hampshire " Children's Aid and 
Protection Society," and $25 to the New 
Hampshire Forestry Association, besides 
other gifts. 

W^e are so fortunate as to have two Real 

Daughters, who sent greetings; both are 

interesting and delightful women and much 

appreciate the kind attentions of our Society. 

Ada G. Holden, 

State Secretary. 


The twenty-third Annual Conference of Ver- 
mont Daughters of the American Revolution 
was held with the Marquis de Lafayette Chap- 
ter at Woods Art Gallery, Montpelier, Septem- 
ber 29, 1920. It proved the most successful 
Conference held in recent years, and was 
honored by the presence of our President 
General, Airs. George Alaj'nard Alinor. The 
Conference was opened bj^ our State Regent, 
Airs. John H. Stewart. Airs. Farnham gave 
the welcome to Alontpelier, Aliss Valentine, 
the response. Airs. Alinor brought greetings 
from the National Society. Mrs. Allen, 
President of the Colonial Dames, gave greet- 
ings. Reports by Committee on Patriotic 
Education, Airs. Walton; Proper Use of the 
Flag, Airs. Emily Aloore. Greetings from 
Airs. Charles Barrett, State Regent of New 
Hampshire ; greetings from Airs. J. G. S. Chris- 
topher, Honorary State Regent of Florida. 

The Conference voted to pay its share 
towards the Sarah Thacher Guernsey schol- 
arship in the International College at Spring- 
field, Alass. Mrs. Harris R. Watkins was 
made an Honorary State Regent. 

The Conference voted $100 towards the 
restoration of the " Old Constitution House." 

One hundred and forty-seven registered. 
Of the oldest of these was Mrs. Hindes, who 
celebrated her 82nd birthday. She has at- 
tended all but two of these conferences. The 
following officers were elected: Airs. John 
H. Stewart. State Regent, Middlebury; Miss 
Jennie A. Valentine, State Vice Regent, Ben- 
nington; Airs. Winfield S. Huntley, Corre- 
sponding Secretary, Aliddlebury; Mrs. J. A. 
Rust, Recording Secretary, Burlington; Mrs. 
R. W. AlcCuen, State Treasurer, Vergennes; 
Mrs. E. H. Prouty, State Auditor, Alontpelier; 
Airs. F. H. Gillingham, State Historian, 
Woodstock; Airs. A. B. Engrem, State Chap- 
lain, Rutland, and Airs. Wilfred F. Root, 
State Librarian, Brattleboro. 

Ada F. Gillingham, 

State Historian. 

To Insure Accuracy in the Reading of Names and Promptness in Publication 
Chapter Reports must be Typewritten EDITOR- 



Pasadena Chapter (Pasadena, Calif.). The 
work of our Chapter for the year ending 
June, 1920, has been along the Americaniza- 
tion lines suggested by our national officers. 
At each of the monthly meetings we have 
had special speakers to present the various 
ways in which our efforts in this direction 
could best be expended. During the year 
five of our members have taken a special 
course in this subject. Our able Historian, 
Mrs. Hulda Richards, has given much time 
and effort to the very important work of 
preparing the Honor Roll of the Chapter, 
presenting it in an attractive and permanent 
form to be kept with our most treasured 
papers. Among the 23 names on the Roll is 
that of one of our own members, Miss Gene- 
vieve Church Smith, who spent a year over- 
seas in the entertainment branch of the serv- 
ice. We have 11 active and 13 associate 
members. During the year 10 have applied 
for papers, nine joined by transfer and seven 
became associate. 

Miss Pompilly, chairman of the French 
Orphan Fund, has devoted herself faithfully 
to this branch of our work, bringing a report 
of eight orphans being cared for through our 
Chapter, with over $900 raised during the 
last three years. 

On February 14th, the day following the 
State Conference held in Los Angeles, the 
Pasadena Chapter, together with the Martin 
Severance Chapter, gave a reception to the 
State Officers and visiting delegates. The 
program consisted of a number of Colonial 
living pictures of the valentine type. The 
playlet was written by one of the members 
of the Pasadena Chapter, Miss Alden. The 
pla}', together with dancing of the ininuet, 
singing of old love songs, instrumental music 
on the violin and mandolin furnished an un- 
usually delightful afternoon. Refreshments 
were served during the social hour. 

We close the year with a balance of $90, 
and $150 invested in Liberty Bonds after 
having met all the calls for our usual work 
at the Junior Republic, assisting the Mexican 
Settlement and entertained at the graduating 

exercises of the citizens' class, numbering 80. 
The year has been full of endeavor for the 
Daughters, with an all-American standard of 
measurement. We are planning for greater 
activity during the coming year. 

(Mrs. George) Jennie G. Hopkins, 
Recording Secretary. 

The General Fremont Chapter (Los An- 
geles, Calif.) is the youngest of the seven 
D. A. R. chapters of Los Angeles, Calif., 
having been organized January 28, 1916, at 
the home of the Vice Regent, Mrs. John 
Skelly. But had it been organized one day 
earlier it would have been a twin with the 
El Camino Real Chapter, both coming in 
at the State Conference held that year in 
the south. 

The Chapter is still a small one, but very 
much in earnest, and ever desirous of doing 
all that is expected of it. 

The Chapter gained its name from the 
fact that the last home of General Fremont, 
28th and Hoover Streets, was within the 
locality where the Chapter was organized, 
and it has been the ambition of the Chapter, 
with the permission of the owner, to some 
day mark the spot with a tablet placed on 
the iron fence which now surrounds it. The 
house was removed at the time of purchase, 
and the ground made into a tennis court. 

The Organizing Regent was Miss Amelia 
Phelps Butler, who remained in office until 
Alay, 1918. Her chief work was to hold the 
Chapter together and to build up a strong, 
firm, enthusiastic organization, whose mem- 
bers were willing to lay aside all personal 
motives and ambitions and work only for the 
good of the Chapter. Her successor, Miss 
Joey Denton, built up the Chapter to 31, 
only 13 from the coveted 50 which will en- 
title it to a representative delegate in addi- 
tion to its Regent. It now remains for its 
third Regent, Mrs. C. E. Rawson, elected 
May, 1920, to arouse and stimulate in the 
new members the same enthusiasm and 
103-alty toward our grand patriotic society 
that has been manifested from the beginning. 




Our programs are almost entirely home 
talent. Most interesting papers have been 
read on the Order of Cincinnati, Interna- 
tional Relations, Old Trails and Historic 
Spots, Conservation of Our California For- 
ests, Immigration in the Southwest and kin- 
dred subjects in which the Chapter is deeply 
interested. As we have no Revolutionary 
monuments in this faraway land, we keep up 
our enthusiasm by having in each year's pro- 
gram an Ancestors' Day, talking of the brave 
deeds of our nation's past which elsewhere 
are engraved on bronze and stone. Besides 
we have some very interesting ancestors. 
One member came in as a descendant of 
Captain Thomas Moffatt, honorary member 
of the Society of the Cincinnati of the State 
of New York. She afterward brought in six 
more members on the same line, making 
seven who trace back to this highly prized 
order, a rare thing for a small chapter on 
the Pacific Coast. An ancestor of two other 
members is William Kenly, Financial Agent 
for the Colony of Pennsylvania, his signa- 
ture appearing on the currency issued during 
the Revolution. Another member's ancestor 
is John Suggett, whose name, with his 
wife's, is inscribed on the " monument 
erected by women to women " at Bryant 
Station, Ky., as patriot defenders of that 
fort. Another ancestor of four members is 
Captain David Marchand or Marchin. An 
heirloom in this family is a black iron kettle 
which he brought with him when he came 
from Germany in 1765, and which he carried 
through the Revolutionary War. Having 
been on the Atlantic Coast 150 years, the 
kettle traveled across the Continent, and at 
a luncheon given the Chapter in June it 
occupied the post of honor, filled with gay 
California nasturtiums. In fact, all of the 
members who have hunted up the record of 
their ancestors have been able to give us 
something of real interest. 

The range in National numbers is also 
very interesting. The Organizing Regent 
became a member of the National Society 
January 3, 1900, her National number being 
30481. The National number of the last mem- 
ber received into our Chapter, February 5, 
1920, is 151538, showing the wonderful 
growth of our Society in the last 20 years of 
121,057, an average of 6000 a year. 

In regard to our work, I am sure the State 
Officers will testify that we have been a very 
busy chapter. Our Historian for 1918-1919 
sent in the following report: During this 
year of world war the members of the Chap- 
ter devoted their best energies to Red Cross 
and other agencies of war relief work. Miss 
Edna Earle went to France as a Y. W. C. A. 

Hostess House worker, where she remained 
for nine months. Several members did splen- 
did work selling Liberty Bonds; two mem- 
bers received the Red Cross button and one 
stripe for 1600 hours registered war work. 
The quota for Tilloloy and our National 
Society Liberty Bond was completed very 
early. A Chapter service flag was made con- 
taining 14 stars. 

The last year's work was largely given to 
Patriotic Education. Over $40 was spent in 
contributing to the D. A. R. annex to one 
of our alien schools; also to the Y. W. C. A. 
work among the Italians and Russian Jews, 
and to the California D. A. R. Scholarship 
at the International Institute at Springfield, 
Mass. The Chapter also undertook a work 
that was distinctively its own. Learning that 
in the grade schools, where the teacher was 
expected to teach all her children the Amer- 
ican's Creed, she was obliged to keep it writ- 
ten on the blackboard, the space often being 
needed for other work, the chapter ordered 
a number of artistic wall cards with the 
creed printed in large type and offered them 
in different schools. They were gladly re- 
ceived by the teachers in every case, and the 
Home Teachers, of which Los Angeles boasts 
22. asked for them to place in the homes of 
the newly naturalized citizens. 

Amelia Phelps Butler, 

Berkeley Hills Chapter (Berkeley, Calif.). 
The year 1919-20 brought to our Chapter a 
large measure of joy and service. 

After two years of strenuous effort de- 
voted to wartime activities, the Chapter 
decided upon a peacetime program of recon- 
struction and conservation. 

Aliss Kate Cole, who had been chairman 
of our Red Cross Auxiliary during the war, 
reviewed the extensive service the Chapter 
had rendered, and Miss Annie Smith, State 
Chairman of Conservation Work, sounded 
the keynote in the message on conservation 
from the National Society. 

Americanization was chosen as a theme 
for the year. Both the programs and field 
work of the year were centered about this 
theme. Practical work was done in the 
community about the American House 
in Berkeley. 

Some of the members taught in the night 
school, some aided in the home visiting, 
while others rendered assistance by furnish- 
ing auto service to the Home Teacher, the 
late Miss Lona Williams. 

Meantime the usual chapter work was not 
neglected. Miss Cole unearthed some old 




landmarks and the work of tracing the early 
history of Berkeley and the Bay Region 
was continued. 

The philanthropic work in connection with 
the Indian Mission, Sailors' Y. M. C. A., and 
the Scholarship's fund received the usual at- 
tention and increased donations. 

As the work of the year was reviewed in 
detail, the members all felt a renewed call 
to service, and looked forward to the oppor- 
tunities to be offered during the coming year. 
B. Jeaxnette Barrows, 

Manitou Chapter (Rochester, Ind.) was 
organized in 1908 with 21 charter members; 
the present membership numbers 27. The 
graves of two Revolutionary soldiers were 
discovered in our county and properh' 
marked: John Johnson in Shelton Cemetery 
and Samuel Lane in Akron Cemetery. 

The town of Akron, Fulton County, is located 
on the crossing of 
the original Indian 
trails of the Black 
Hawk, Miami and 
tribes. A bronze 
tablet was erected 
on the Akron State 
Bank Building, 
which is located 
within 10 feet of 
the exact spot of 
the crossing. It 
was dedicated with 
appropriate c e r e - 
mony on Sunday, 
November 25, 1918. 
Daniel Whitten- 
berger, the sole sur- 
vivor of a colony 
that settled Akron 
in 1836, gave the 
necessary informa- 
tion to procure the 
marker; also a gen- 
erous contribution, 
enabling the Daugh- 
ters to purchase such 
a beautiful tablet. 

Mr. Whittenberger 
was in his 94th year, 
with well-preserved 
body and mind. He 
could recite the in- 
cidents relative to 
pioneer life in an 
interesting manner, 
and lived to see the t.^blet erect id ij\ ihi .\ 
old trail give way Rochester 



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" ■ 1920 

^ ^ 

to dirt roads, corduroy, gravel, paving; he saw 
the coming of the steam railroad and the electric 
line pass his door. When a boy of 11 years he 
helped the original colony to cut the sapling for 
seven miles along the trail, so their wagons, 
drawn by oxen, could pass through the dense 
forests where wagon wheel had never rolled. 
He helped hew the forest, build the cabin, 
till the soil, build schoolhouses and churches; 
lived in one community 83 years, less 60 days, 
a wonderful span of time. He saw the fur- 
nace fire replace that of the fireplace; the 
log cabin give place to stately homes; elec- 
tric lights succeed all others from the tallow 
dip. Pie rode in the settlement in the first 
wagon; lived to see the airplane circle over 
his home — all this in one community. Truly 
the civilization planted by this colony of 
emigrants from Dina County, Ohio, was 
deeply rooted. Mr. Whittenberger was the 
;:?randson of two Revolutionists who helped 
establish American 
independence. In 
his honor a bronze 
plate bearing his 
attest was placed 
beneath the one 
marking the trail 
and dedicated by 
the Chapter. The 
Chapter members 
appreciated the in- 
formation given by 
this worthy pioneer, 
who died May 4. 
1919. The tablets 
were unveiled with 
Mrs. John R. Barr 
as Regent. Airs. 
Ina Whittenberger 
Brundige, Chapter 
Historian, read an 
interesting history 
of early events. Mrs. 
A. E. Babcock e.x- 
plamed the object 
of the organization ; 
Air. George W. Hol- 
man urged the 
Daughters to con- 
tinue their excellent 
work, and bank offi- 
cials expressed their 
gratitude for the 
tablet being placed 
on their building. 

Others present 
spoke briefly of the 
excellent work of 
the Chapter. The 

.WllOL CHAl'lKR, D. A. R.. 



Chapter has supported a French war orphan 
since the first appeal for the cause ; responded 
liberally to all war measures ; was the first 
organization in the county to contribute to 
Americanization and to Armenian Relief. In 
every way the Daughters have sustained the 
noble spirit of their Revolutionary ancestors. 
Ina Whittenberger Brundige, 

Esther Reed Chapter (Spokane, Wash.) held 
a triple celebration, Flag Day being its an- 
nual meeting and the twentieth anniversary 
of the organization of the Chapter. So the 
celebration was in three parts; first, an 
elaborate luncheon; second, the annual meet- 



ing with reports of officers; third, a spe- 
cial program. 

The Chapter had three guests of honor, 
Mrs. Robert L. Taft, who is nearly eighty 
years old and who has been for many years 
an honored member of Esther Reed Chapter; 
Mrs. Matilda Delaney, in her 81st year, a 
surviving witness of the Whitman massacre; 
and Ezra Meeker, the 90-year-old pioneer. 

whose efforts made the marking of the old 
Oregon trail a fact. 

The luncheon was served in the tea room 
of the Crescent, and the tables were deco- 
rated in blue and white, with flags in evi- 
dence everywhere. The guests of honor had 
special bouquets of white syringas and blue 
forget-me-nots. The Chapter Chaplain, Mrs. 
L. B. Cornell, said grace, which ended with 
the Lord's Prayer repeated in concert by all. 
The annual meeting was held in the Cres- 
cent auditorium. The center of the stage 
was occupied by a large American flag draped 
over a pedestal and held in place bj' a golden 
eagle, in whose beak was a garland of golden 
laurel leaves which outlined the upper edge 
of the flag. The meeting opened with the 
reading of the ritual, and the Salute to the 
Flag was led by Mrs. A. T. Dishman, a 
former Regent of the Chapter. 

As soon as business was disposed of, the 
special program in honor of Esther Reed 
Chapter's twentieth birthday was given. Mrs. 
Fleming played a piano solo, and the Chap- 
ter Regent, Mrs. Charles F. Chase, asked the 
charter members who were present to stand. 
Three, Mrs. C. K. Merriam, Mrs. J. G. Slay- 
den and Miss Katherine U. Taft, responded. 
Four Past Regents, Mmes. M. A. Phelps, 
E. C. Fleming, W. B. Roberts and A. T. 
Dishman. were present. 

Mrs. Chase said that she had asked Mrs. 
Taft, the oldest member of the Chapter, and 
Mrs. M. A. Phelps, twice Regent of the Chap- 
ter and ex-State Regent of Washington, to 
tell what the D. A. R. meant to them. Mrs. 
Taft said that the Civil War taught her what 
her country meant to her and her member- 
ship in the D. A. R. gave her the opportunity 
to make practical use of her love of country. 
Airs. Phelps said that the D. A. R. had given 
her opportunities for service, the greatest 
thing in life. She made a plea that the 
Esther Reed Chapter stand for simpler living 
as proof that the members placed the higher 
things of life above the superficialities. 

In introducing Mrs. Matilda Sager De- 
laney, Mrs. Chase said that Esther Reed 
Chapter had been honored by being allowed 
to sponsor Mrs. Delaney's account of the 
Whitman massacre, which has just been pub- 
lished in pamphlet form. Mrs. Delaney told 
of her first visit to the site of the present 
city of Spokane. Then it was only an Indian 
camp. The Spokane River had been forded 
by the party 24 miles below the present site 
of the city. The only familiar sight Mrs. 
Delaney found in Spokane was the falls of 
the Spokane River (one of the great beauties 
of Spokane). Mrs. Delaney thinks "we are 
living in a push-button, penny-in-the-slot 




age," and she cannot " see that it has im- 
proved anyone." 

Mr. Ezra Meeker, the 90-year-old pioneer, 
was the only man present. He is a pic- 
turesque figure with his flowing white hair, 
which he says he allows to fall on his shoul- 
ders because it is a good advertisement for 
the " Old Oregon Trail " — the marking of 
which, with the preserving of its landmarks, 
is the great object of Mr. Meeker's activities. 

Mr. Meeker was greatly excited because he 
had come from Lewiston, Idaho (146 miles), 
in an airplane, making the distance in 80 
minutes. The first time he had made the trip. 
70 years before, he had come in an ox-team 
which made two miles an hour. He brought 
a bouquet of roses, grown in his home garden, 
to the Regent of Esther Reed Chapter. 

During the meeting the Chapter members 
sang " America " and the " Star-Spangled 
Banner." Mary L. Malkoff. 

Toussaint du Bois Chapter (Lawrence 
County, 111.). The organization of this 
Chapter was confirmed by the National 
Board at their last meeting, October 18, 
1919, in Washington, D. C. This article 
will show principally how this Chapter de- 
rived its name. 

Jean Baptiste du Bois, his wife Euphroysne, 
and sons Fran(;ois, James and Toussaint, left 
France at an early date, doubtless intending 
to take up their abode in New France, or 
Canada, largely settled at that time by the 
French. From Lower Canada it was natural 
to follow the water courses, which eventually 
brought them into the vast region from which 
ultimately were carved the great States of 
the Middle West — Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, 
Illinois and Indiana. 

The seat of the Empire of France in the 
Ohio Valley was for many years the trading 
post and fort " on the banks of the Wabash," 
known as the " Post," but later called " Vin- 
cenne," or as Anglicized, Vincennes, as a 
starting point, and many settlements were 
made by the French in this vicinity, includ- 
ing those first found in Lawrence County, 
now in the State of Illinois. 

Casting in their lot with the new country, 
du Bois and his sons proved themselves ever 
ready to defend, succor and advance its best 
interests, and the changing conditions of this 
section plainly showed the great need of 
loyal, faithful service from those finding here 
a shelter and a home. 

Jean Baptiste du Bois was in Vincennes, 
Ind., at an early date, being sent by the King 
of France as commandant of Post O'Vin- 
ccnne, or Fort Sackville. He had a store, 
from which the priests bought their supplies. 

After the taking of Kaskaskia by George 
Rogers Clark, he sent for Father Gibbault, of 
Vincennes, to aid in securing the place for 
the Colonies. Father Gibbault held many 
secret meetings in the house of Jean Baptiste 
du Bois and his son Toussaint, and they ar- 
ranged that he and Toussaint should be the 
first to take the oath of allegiance to the Ameri- 
can cause. The following day the French 
residents met in the little log church of St. 
Xaviers, and the oath was administered in the 
most solemn manner, the father and son being 
the first to take it and the others then pressed 
forward to follow their example. 

Toussaint (meaning " All Saints ") du Bois 
was an intimate friend of William Henry 
Harrison, and was sent by him to confer 
with Washington over supplies. He married 
Jeanne Bonneau, whose father settled in 
Vincennes prior to 1783, to whom tracts of 
land were donated. Toussaint du Bois be- 
came an expert in fur trading, hence his in- 
fluence in adjusting difficulties with the Indians. 

Upon offering his services, he was given the 
rank of captain and had charge of the scouts 
and spies in the Tippecanoe campaign. When 
General Harrison was President of the Board 
of Trustees of Vincennes University, Tous- 
saint du Bois was one of its members. He 
died in March, 1816. 

In appreciation of the efforts of Mrs. 
Arthur Huntington, of Springfield, III. 
(great-granddaughter of Toussaint du Bois), 
toward the organization of the Chapter, we 
have given it his name. The organization 
meeting was held at the home of Mrs. Robert 
Kirkwood on October 13, 1919, with Mrs. 
Nelson Bennett, of Pinkstaff, 111., as Organ- 
izing Regent. Twenty members-at-large 
were enrolled at that time, and Mrs. Bennett 
appointed as officers: Honorary Regent, 
Airs. Lucinda Porter, a real Daughter; Vice 
Regent, Mrs. Leonora Kirkwood; Recording 
Secretary, Mrs. Blanche Moore Jackson; 
Corresponding Secretary, Miss Mildred 
Smith; Treasurer, Mrs. Byron Lewis, of 
Bridgeport; Registrar, Miss Laura Pinkstaff, of 
Pinkstaff; Historian, Mrs. Mary Tracy White. 

A unique feature of this meeting, and an 
honor of which very few chapters can boast, 
was the presence of one of the two of Illinois' 
Real Daughters, Mrs. Lucinda Porter. In 
this Society we have also three real grand- 
daughters, of whom we are very proud. 

Our plans are to take up work along his- 
torical and educational lines. We face the 
future with enthusiasm to make our Chap- 
ter an active and efficient part of the Na- 
tional Society. 

(Mrs.) Mary Tracy White, 



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Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 


8984. CALKINS.— Wanted, names of w & ch 
of Simon Calkins, June 10, 1736-1820, Rev sol 
in Capt. Harding's Co., Brigg. Defense, 
Colony Service, who had son Abram Cal- 
kins, 1761-Mar. 4, 1833, who m Eliz. Free- 
man, 1732-1829, dau of Elisha Freeman, son 
of Samuel & Bathshua Freeman. 

(a) BoYNTON. — Wanted, gen or any data of 
Jerusha Daley Boynton, g-mother of Dexter 
Hall Dean. She had a dau who m John 
Haven.— J. B. 

8985. Jackson. — Wanted parentage, place 
of birth & Rev rec of Daniel Jackson, father 
of Orren Jackson, who m Hannah Frisbie & 
lived in Wolcott, Conn. — L. M. S. 

8986. Satterwhite. — Wanted, name of w of 
John Satterwhite, Sr., who moved from Char- 
lotte Co., Va., to S. C. prior to Rev. 

(a) Wanted, maiden name of Capt. John 
Lark's w Rachel. Moved from Mecklenburg 
Co., Va., to Edgefield Co., S. C, prior to Rev. 
Will of Dennis Lark, father of John, Feb., 
1775, probated Sept., 1775, mentions 5 daus & 
2 sons, Robert, Jr., & John, as sole executor. 

(b) McKie-Meriwether. — Wanted, Rev rec 
of Capt. Michael McKie, sometimes spelled 
McKee, pronounced Macky. Wife Susan 
Meriwether. Wanted, her parentage. Fam- 
ily moved from Charlotte Co., Va., to S. C. 
after Rev. 

(c) Breedlove- Comer. — Wanted, parentage 
of Samuel Breedlove & also of his w Rebecca 
Comer; also record of Rev service. They 
married & lived in Putnam County, Ga. — W. 


8987. Hall— Three bros.. Timothy, Amasa 
& Joel Hall, left Tolland, Conn., in 1815 for 
Ohio. Did they have Rev ancestry? — A. M. 

8988. Fish. — Wanted, parentage of Lydia 
Fish or Fiske, who m abt 1785-90, Eldad 
Richardson. They lived in Pelham & 
Swanzey, N. H.. & Erieville, N. Y.— E. AL L. 

8989. Allen. — Wanted, parentage of the 
following: Susannah, b Julv 2. 1762; Henry, 
b Nov. 29, 1765; John, b Jan. 12, 1768; Eliz., 
b Sept. 8, 1770. This Allen family lived in 
Elizabeth, N. J., during Rev. 

(a) W^YKOFF. — Wanted, gen of Jacob 
Wykofif. Rev sol, b Nov. 3. 1754, in Mon- 
mouth Co., N. J. 

(b) Farmer. — Wanted, parentage of Sarah 
Farmer who m David Powers & was living 
in Butler Co., O., 1813. 

(c) Miller. — William & Sarah Aliller were 
living in Tompkins Co., N. Y., 1804; had ch 
Arthur; Joseph; Francis, b Apr. 22, 1804; 
Sarah Clark; Polly Cornwall; Celestia, m 
James Hall; & others. William moved to 
Connorsville, Ind., where he was a Baptist 
minister & operated a mill. His son Arthur 
became a minister & d in Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, 
where he was pastor of a Disciple church. 
Wanted, gen of Wm. Aliller & maiden name 
of his w Sarah. 

(d) Ammerman-Simpson. — Wanted ances- 
try of Wm. & Anna Ammerman Simpson, 
who moved from Tioga Co., N. Y., to Ind. 
abt 1816. Their ch: James; Eleanor, b Aug. 
21, 1803; Seely; Miles; Matthias; Lawrence, 
born April. 1808; Esther and Harriet. 
Anna had brother Lawrence Ammerman. 



(e) Hale. — Wanted gen of Capt. Minnierva 
Hale, b in Mass., m Lucinda Patrick, b in 
Coventry, Conn., & d in Sangerfield, N. Y., 
Jan., 1840. Capt. Hale had a bro Hezekiah, 
among whose ch was a son Austin. Did Capt. 
Hale give sea service during Rev.? — E. M. 

8990. Mason. — Wanted, parentage of Sarah 
(Sallie) Mason who m Phillip Pullig, of S. C. 
Masons moved from Va. to S. C. Was there 
Rev rec in this line 

(a) Hooker. — John Hooker m a Miss Free- 
man, of Va. He d abt 1860 at the home of 
his son John in S. C. Was there Rev service 
in this line? 

(b) CoRBiTT. — Wanted Rev service of John 
Corbitt, a taxpayer in Green Co., Tenn., in 
1783; also his wife's name. 

(c) Mercer. — Wanted, name & Rev service 
of father of Silas Mercer who was son of 
Thomas Mercer, a native of Scotland. He m 
his 1st w in Va. & came to Curratuck Co., 
N. C— G. M. H. 

8991. Fletcher. — Jesse Fletcher, son of 
Timothy, b in Westford, Mass., Nov. 9. 1762, m 
Aug. 8, 1782, Lucy Keyes, of W., who was b 
Nov. IS, 1765. Their son Miles J., b Nov. 11, 
1799, m Eliza Bloomer, Apr. 26, 1822. Wanted, 
Rev service of Jesse & Timothy Fletcher, & 
Keys & Bloomer gens. — O. N. F. 

8992. Barbie. — Wanted, rec of Rev service 
of John Barbie of Culpeper Co., Va., who m 
Phyllis Duncan after the war. — C. F. 

8993. Mitchell. — Wanted, information of 
the Mitchell family of Aid. Ada Mitchell, 
dau of Kent Mitchell, m Ephraim Cole. 
Wanted, name of Kent Mitchell's w. Was 
he a son of James Mitchell, of Bel Air, Md.? 

(a) Thomas. — Jeremiah Thomas, son of 
Nathaniel, b in Aliddleboro, Mass., 1765, m 
Philomela Davis, who d in Woodstock N. H., 
1834. Wanted date of their marriage. — 
M. E. McC. 

8994. Tidball. — Wanted, parentage with 
dates of Thomas Tidball, supposed to have 
m Miss Browning in York Co., Pa. 

(a) Miller. — Wanted, gen with dates of 
Oliver & w Nannay Miller, settlers in Wash- 
ington Co., Pa., 1774. 

(b) Andrews.- — Wanted, parentage & dates 
of Zebulon, Robert & Jacob Andrews, bros, who 
took large land holdings in Crawford Co., 
Ohio.— W. J. C. 

8995. Meeker. — Major Samuel Meeker, of 
2nd Regt., Sussex, N. J., Militia, was wounded 
at Battle of Minisink, July 22, 1779, d 1805, 

m Sarah . Their dau Phebe m Wm. 

Wickham, 1797. Wanted, dates of birth & 
marriage of Samuel Meeker & maiden name 
& dates of w Sarah. — E. E. C. 

8996. RuFFiN. — Wanted, rec of Rev service 
of Ethelred Ruffin, b 1744, m Mary Hayward. 

Ch: Samuel Sarah, Henry, James, Charity, 
Ann & Margaret. Was the name originally 
Ruthven in Scotland or England? Give 
proof. — A. R. 

8997. AIcPherson. — Wanted, gen & Rev 
service of Samuel McPherson who m Mary 
Brook. He had a bro Alexander & a dau 
Elizabeth Alexander McPherson. who m 
Matthew Elder, who moved to Ky. when 
very young. Samuel McPherson supposed to 
have served under Gen. Green. — L. G. A. 

8998. Terrill-Foster. — Henry Terrill, of 
Ky., b 1807, m Nancy Foster, also of Ky. 
Wanted, Terrill & Foster gens; also rec of 
Rev service in both lines. — T. M. A. 

8999. Chapin-Cook. — David Chapin, a direct 
desc of Deacon Samuel Chapin, one of the 
founders of Springfield, Mass., 1642, m Martha 
Cook, of Chicopee, direct desc of Henry 
Cook, of Salem, Mass., 1638. Ch: Cynthia, 
Samuel, Jonathan, Maria, David, Jr., Mary, 
Alartha & Laura, all born in Chicopee, Mass. 
Wanted, Chapin & Cook gens back to the 
founders; also rec of any Rev service in 
these lines. 

(a) Burton. — ^Wanted, Rev service of Oliver 
Burton & of his son Seeley, of New Bedford; 
they moved later to Jeff. Co., N. Y. — F. C. B. 

9000. Muller. — Wanted, Rev rec of Jacob 
Muller, b at Erbach, Germany, 1721, bapt in 
Bethlehem Pa., 1749, removed to N. C, Sept., 
1771, & d in Bethania, N. C, 1798. His w 
Anna Eliz. Stands, also from Pa., b 1718, d 
1790. They were Moravians. Had 11 ch. 
Wanted, Rev rec of their son Frederick. 

(a) McBride. — Wanted, Rev rec of John 
McBride, probably of Surrey, N. C, who m 

Henrietta . Their ch: John, b 1776; 

Mary, b 1777; Wakeman, b 1778; John Jr., 
b 1780; Jane, b 1782, m John Miller abt 1823; 
David, b 1784; Wm., b 1786; & Rita b 1788. 

(b) Taylor. — Ebenezer Harker lived on Har- 
ker's Island, Carteret Co., N. C. His son Belcher 
m Margaret, Peggy, Taylor, who was prob. a dau 
of Isaac Taylor, whose will was probated in 
Carteret Co., N. C. Was Isaac in Rex & can any- 
one connect this family with the Va. Taylors. 

(c) Gaskill.^ — Wanted, Rev rec of Wm. 
Gaskill, who d in Carteret Co., N. C, in 1813. 
His son David m Jeanie, dau of Wm. Davis, 
of Carteret Co., & d 1843. The will of Jeanie's 
father Wm. was probated in Carteret 1836 & 
mentions ch John W., Rodney, Thomas, 
Jordan, Joseph, Nancy, Sally & Jeanie. 

(d) Chunn. — Gen. Matthew^ Lock's son 
Matthew m Eliz. Crawford, & their dau Mary 
m Wm. Chunn, 1821. He was son of Thomas 
and Susanna Wainwright Chunn, of Mary- 
land. Thomas Chunn's will was probated 
in Rowan County, North Carolina, in 1823. 
Wanted, his Revolutionary service. — M. G. McC. 




Goochland County, Va., Records 

(Continued from December, 1920, Daughters 
OF THE American Revolution Magazine) 

id. 25, p. 448. Deed. " Drury W. Poor, James 
Poor, John James, Henry G. Bibb & Ben- 
jamin A. King, of Logan Co., Ky., ap- 
pointed Robert Poor, of said Co. & State, 
their attorney in fact to sign their names 
to any bond, receipt or any other instru- 
ment that may be necessary for the 
purpose of removing any property owned 
or in possession of Elizabeth Hodges, 
of G. Co., Va., to State of Kentucky, 
whether sd property be received from her 
1st husband, Robert Poor, deed., or from 
her last husband, Wm. Hodges, deed., 
or otherwise." * * * " VVe also au- 
thorize sd Robert to convey to Jesse 
Hodges, of G. Co., Va., all our inter- 
est in a certain tract of land formerly 
owned by Abram Poor, now deceased, & 
sold by the Exors. of sd Abram to the 
sd Jesse lying in sd Co. of G., Va., on 
waters of Little Bird cr." Deed contains id. 
a clause about sale of negro from her 1st 
hus, to do so, if necessary, " on account 
of their being unwilling to leave their 
wives, or husbands, he is authorized to 
do it by exchange or sale, &c." Deed is 
dated Feb. 17, 1823. Signed: " D. W. 
Poor (seal), James Poor (seal)." " Henry 
G. Bibb (seal), Jno. James (seal), Benja- 
min A. King (seal)." Ack. in Logan Co., id. 
Ky., Mch. 3, 1823, & certified by Spencer 
Curd, Clk. of Logan Co., Ky., Mch. 4, 
1823. Note. — This power of atty was 
not indexed. 

id., p. 451. Power of atty Mch. 3, 1823, 
Henry G. Bibb & Benjamin A. King, 
appts Robert Poor, atty in fact to con- 
vey all right, title & interest in all the 
lands owned by Robert Poor, deed, of 
the State of Va., at his death which now 
remains unsold." Ack & certified in 
Logan Co., Ky., Mch. 3, 1823, certified as 
in book 25, p. 448, & recorded in Gooch- 
land Co., Va., Oct. 20, 1823. 

25, p. 450. Deed. Apl., 1823, Abram Poor, 
Robert Poor, James Poor, Jno. James, 
Henry G. Bibb, Benjamin A. King & 
Drury W. Poor, legatees of the late 
Robert Poor, of Goochland Co., Va , de- 
ceased, to Jesse Hodges, of same co., 
$100.00 paid, 19454 ac in G. Co., Va., on 
Little Byrd creek, & being same lately 
occupied by the widow of Abram Poor, 
deed., on Carter's Ferry road & corner 
to Thos. Poor & John Miller. Deed is 
signed by: "Abraham Poor (seal), 
Robert Poor (seal), James Poor (seal), 
John James (seal), Henry G. Bibb (seal), 
Drury W. Poor (seal), Benjamin A. 
King (seal), & wit by H. M. Underwood, 
Thos. James & Edward H. Poor. By 
Robert Poor, attorney in fact for the five 
last-named persons by virtue of a power 
of attorney hereto annexed." Proven 
by above 3 wit 20 Oct., 1823, to be act & 
deed of Abraham Poor, & Robert Poor, 
& also act & deed of Robert Poor, atty 
in fact for James Poor, John James, 
Henry G. Bibb, Drury W. Poor & Benj. 
A. King, & ordered to be recorded. 

25, p. 452. Deed. Apl. 25, 1823, Henry G. 
Bibb, of State of Kentucky, to Abraham 
Poor, of Goochland Co., Va., $52.00, con- 
veys " all mjr right, title & interest, &c., 
in about 26 acres, my part or portion of 
lands of estate of Robert King, deed in 
Goochland Co., Va. By Robert Poor, 
his atty in fact. Ack. Oct. 20, 1823, in 
Goochland Co., Va. 

30, p. 256. Deed. Sept. 20, 1834. " Abra- 
ham Poor & Martha, his wife, who was 
Martha Poor, one of the heirs of Robert 
Poor, deed," to Benjamin Woodward, 
2)/7 of an undivided tract of land, belong- 
ing to the heirs of Robert Poor, deed. 
That is Martha Poor's part of the land 
inherited from her father, Robert Poor, 
hereafter described. Also Nancy King's 
part, who was Nancy Poor, & Betsy 
Bibb's part, who was Betsy Poor, whose 
shares have been conveyed unto said 
Abraham Poor, on Rocky creek waters 
of Licking hole creek, 194 acres. Re- 
corded March 16, 1835. 













Drury W 




Goochland County Marriages 

to Molly Sampson, dau Stephen Sampson, Gent Sept. 13, 1771 

to Judith Sampson, dau Wm. Sampson Aug. IS, 1785 

to Elizabeth Minis, consent of Lizbeth Minis Feb. 7, 1787 

to Martha Minis, surety, Robt. Poor Oct. 21, 1791 

to Robt. Mims (Lucy, dau Abram Poor, who consents) .. .Apr. 5, 1788 

to John James, bv Lewis Chaudoin, Minister Mar. 26, 1807 

to Elizabeth AI. Britt Feb. 4, 1808 

to Wm. Hodges Sept. 4, 1806 




Abraham Poor to Martha Poor Mar. 21, 181 1 

EHzabeth Poor to Henry G. Bibb Aug. 10, 1815 

James Poor to Lavinia Lane, James Fife Dec. 23, 1823 

Eliza Poor to James Brooks, James Fife Dec. 24, 1823 

James H. Poor to Lucy Crutchfield, James Fife Apr. 1, 1824 

Martha A. Poor to James O. Allen, Lewis Chaudoin Aug. 30, 1832 

Mary Poor to Peter Pollock Nov. 15, 1779 

Thomas Poor to Frances Mathews Mar. 8, 1785 

Thomas Poor to Susanna Haden, dau of Zach. Haden Feb. 14, 1786 

Martha S. Poor to William Johnson, Lewis Chaudoin Aug. 16, 1810 

Mary G. Poor to Richard James, Lewis Chaudoin Dec. 16, 1813 

Martha A. Poor to 

The " Mims " Family 
The Act forming Goochland Co., Va., 
was passed Mar. 6, 1727, & was to take 
effect the 1st day of May, 1728. (The year 
at that time ended March 24, so it was at 
the last of the year 1727 that this county 
was cut off from Henrico Co., & to begin 
operations some three months later. It 
will be seen by the records below that 
David Minis, the first of the name discov- 
ered in the records of Goochland Co., en- 
tered 358 acres in Henrico Co., and reed 
patent for same of date 31 Oct. 1726, & he 
& this land were cut off into Goochland Co. 
in its formation. He spent the remainder 
of his life in this country. His will was 
proven in Goochland Co. at the Oct. 
term of Court, 1781. See notes below. 

Deed Book 3, p. 12. Deed, date, 15 Jan., 1736. 
David Mims, of Goochland Co., Va., to 
Robert Mims, of same co., £40, 358 ac on 
N. Side James River on Lickinghole creek, 
beg at the SW cor of the said Minis tract 
surveyed the same day ivith this, thence on 
his line E. &c. Acknowledged in person in 
Court, May 17, 1737. 

id. 3, p. 213. Deed, 10 Apr., 1739, Robert 
Mims (of Co. Edgecombe, no State given, 
but must be N. C), to John Wright, 
£45, 358 ac, same as above, & states, " being 
same granted to David Mims by patent of 
date 31 Oct., 1726, & by him acknowledged 
to the said Robert Mims in Court." Wit 
to this deed: Robt. Waters, John Mims, 
David Mims, & proven by them May 15, 
1739, in Goochland Co. Court. 

id. 1, p. 393-4. Deed, Mar., 1733. Lionel 
Mims to David Mims, £40, 358 ac on 
branches of Lickinghole cr, &c. Wit: John 
Mims & others. Proven Apr. 17, 1733. No 
residences given in deed. 

id. 4, p. 408, Deed. 3 Aug., 1744. John Bat- 
ting, of Henrico Co., to David Mims, of 
Goochland Co., £110. One thousand ac, 
same granted to Chas. Allen by patent 17 
Jan., 1732. Ack Aug. 21, 1744. 

id. 5, p. 130 (or 6, p. 130). Deed. William 
Weldy, of Goochland Co. & St. James 

Parish, " Love for my g-dau Elizabeth 
Mims & my dau Agn/s Mims & her husband 
David Mims, grant to said dau Agnes 
Mims & her husband David Mims during 
there lifetime, & after their decease to my 
g-dau Elizabeth Mims, their dau, tract N.S. 
James River & on W.S. Lickinghole cr, 
195 ac, being plantation whereon David & 
Agnes Mims now dwell." Signed, " Wil- 
liam Wildy." Ack in Court, June 17, 1746. 

id. 6, p. 175. Deed. 6 Mar., 1746, John Mims, 
G. Co., to Wm. Wright, £20, 100 ac in 
Lickinghole cr locality. 

id. 7, p. 335. Deed. July — , 1755, David 
Mims, of G. Co., to Thomas Mims, £10, 
100 ac Lickinghole cr cor to John Smith, 
Jr., & others. Proven by wit Aug. 15, 1758, 
& ack by David Mims in Court, Jan. 16, 1759. 

id. 9, p. 91. Deed. 1 June, 1767, Wm. Wil- 
liams to Shaderick Mims & David Mims, 
Jr., of G. Co., about 10 ac on br of Licking- 
hole cr for mill grantees agree to build. 

id. 11, p. 169. Deed. 10 Apr., 1777, "David 
Mims the elder," of G. Co., to David Minjs, 
Jr., natural love & c for son, 315 ac on 
Lickinghole cr, "whereon sd David Mims 
the elder now lives," &c. Ack in person 
Apr. 21, 1777, in Court. 

id. 12, p. 68. WILL of Shadrache Mims, of G. 
Co., date, 18 Apr., 1777, proved Nov. 17, 
1777. To my son Drury Mims one-half of 
my estate, being pt of tract whereon I now 
live, to have full & lawful possession at the 
age of 20 yrs, &c. The other half of my 
land to my loving wife Elizabeth Mims to 
held during her natural life & after death 
to my son Robert Mims, & to wife all per- 
sonal est to educate & maintain my ch'n, 
&c, & all the property, my pt in the mill, 
until my 3'oungest dau comes to age of 18 
yrs, & all my personal property & mill to 
be equally divided hetwixt my wife Eliza- 
beth Mims & my ch'n hereafter named 
when my youngest dau is 18, viz., Drury, 
Robert, Mary, Elisabeth, Sally, Martha & 
Susanna, but if either die before they come 
of full age or married to be divided among 
the survivors, & that my 2 sons Drury & 



Robert Mims to pay unto my daus above directing them to take ack'mt of Elizabeth 

named il25, to be equally div between Mims to above deed, & the return shows 

them when of lawful age, or married. that she ack same 8 Aug., 1805, & this is 

Appts. " My brother Drury Mims & recorded 16 Sept., 1805, in Goochland Co. 

Gideon Mims " Execrs. Wit, David Mims. id. 19, p. 534. Deed. 8 June, 1806, Elizabeth 

id. 13, pp. 142-3. WILL of David Mims, of G. Mims, of G. Co., for natural love & c, " for 

Co., " being aged, weak & loe," &c. To my my beloved grandson Drury W. Poor, & 

son Drury Mims £90. To Mary Mims, of 5 shillings, one negro slave named 

Eliaa, Sarah, Martha & Susanna Mims, all Peter." Wit, /awe.y Poor, /r., & John James, 

daus of my son Shaderick, £40 at time Su- Proven by wits, 15 Sep./06. 

sanna/i Mims the youngest comes to age of j^.^ p 581. Deed. 4 Nov., 1806, Elizabeth 

18. To son DAVID MIMS, 315 ac of land ^^-^^^^^ ^f ^ ^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ j^^,^^^^ y^-^^^^ 

I have made a deed for some time past ^2.00, 2 negroes, " but more especially for 

&c. & 3 negroes. To son Gideon Mims all ^^^^ j^^^,, ^^^ . ^^ ^^j^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^^ 

remainder of my plantation 1 now live on, -.^ „ ,,,.^ ^ ^ t j -n 

f ^ „,.,,, A J Mims. Wits, Jno. James, Leonard Page 

&c. To my g dau Elizabeth Anderson, a „ ^^ m- 

•iot-jo^^- ru ■ ^ Drury Jvlinis. 

girl & bed, &c., at time of her marriage or . ^ 

age of 18. To each of my 3 daus, viz., '^ p. 60L Deed. 19 Nov., 1806, Elizabeth 

Elizabeth Jarrett, Mary Woodson, wife of ?^'"^,%?,°pc ?nnp"'? "'"^ .1^9 '°"""" 

John Woodson, H. S. Susanna Anderson, ^^^ JAMES POOR, Senr., & $2, 2 negroes, 

5 sh and no more, having given each of ^^n & Linda. (" Reserving only unto my- 

them & also my deceased daus Agnes self the unmolested use of one of said ne- 

Riddle and Judith Anderson their full pt groes, to wit, Ben, during my nat life- 

of est. Residue to David & Gideon, his time.") Wits, Jno. James, John Woodson 

sons & appts them Exors. Proven at Oct. & Robert Mims. Proven IS Dec, 1806 & 

term of Court, 1781. 19 Jan., 1807. 

id. 14, p. 324. WILL oi DAVID MIMS, date. id., p. 680. Deed. 3 Apr., 1807, Shadrack 
24 May, 1786; proven, 16 Oct., 1786, " of Mims to Denguid Mims, of G. Co., £300, 
Parish of St. James Northam, Goochland the land that was willed to me by my 
Co. Plantation whereon he lived & all father David Alims. in G. Co., on waters of 
negroes, stock, &c., to be kept by wife Lickinghole cr. & bounded by the lines of 
" Patty " (Martha) & as ch'n became of John L^nderwood, Gideon Mims, Girard 
age or married, that est be divided into Banks, Robert Mims & Robert Poor, de- 
equal parts or lots by my Exors, & then ceased, 144 ac. Proven 15 June, 1807. 
drawn for. " If either of my ch'n. Eliza, id. 25, p. 447. Deed. Oct. 18, 1823, Eliza- 
Dugaft, Nancy. Jane. Agatha, Shadrack, or beth Mims, of G. Co., "for love & afifec- 
Gideon, should die without heirs, such part tion to my son Robert Mims & $1.." slaves, 
to be div between survivors," &c. Appts. " Lucinda," heretofore deeded to Robert 
brother Gideon Mims, Martin Mims, Wm. Mims, and Her children, viz., Eady, Eliza- 
Turner & Francis Harris, Executors. Wit, beth, & fleming with the increase of the 
Robert Mims & others. females." Proven Oct. 20. 1823. 

id. 18, p. 725. Deed. 16 Jan., 1804, Robert id. 26. p. 64. Power of Atty. 22 Dec. 1824, 

Mims & wife Elizabeth to Benj. Crenshaw. Elizabeth Mims, of G. Co.. aopts Robert 

£456, 220 ac on Lickinghole cr, &c. Signed Minis, of Logan Co., Ky., my true & lawful 

only by " Ro. Alims (seal)," & ack. by him attorney in fact to demand of Henry G. 

18 Jan., 1804. & recorded in Goochland Co. Bibb, of Ky., a negro girl named Eady & 

id. 19, p. 271, is recorded a commission to 3 retain her for me & keep as his own until 

Justices of the Peace of Chesterfield Co., I call for her." Proven 17 Jan.. 1825 

Goochland County Marriage Bonds 

Robert Poor to Elisabeth Minis " (dau)," Lisbeth Mims, who consents Feb. 7, 1787 

Robert Mims to Lucy Poor, dau Abram Poor, who consents Apr. 5, 1788 

James Poor to Martha Mims, surety, Robert Poor Oct. 21, 1791 

Joseph Hodges to Agness Mims, by Lewis Chandoin, Minister Dec. 12, 1797 

John Street to Agnes Minis, by Lewis Chandoin, Minister Jan. 3, 1801 

Robert Christian to Ann Minis, by Lewis Chandoin, Minister Feb. 16, 1805 

Thomas Sanders to Milly Minis, by John James Baptist, Minister Feb. 15, 1808 

Robert Mims to Rebeccah Massie, by Lewis Chandoin, Minister Sept. 6, 1810 

William M. Holnian to Sally Mims, by Lewis Chandoin, Minister June 12, 1823 

Note. — The last six above are taken from Ministers' returns, true dates of cere- 
mony, and are recorded in book "Record of Marriages, 1795-1853, Goochland County. 




1 6560 

In this Honor Roll the list of membership in each State is shown in the 
outer rim, and the list of subscribers according to States is in the inner circle 


The Magazine also has subscribers in 


Pennsylvania, at this date of publication, 
leads all States with 1337 subscribers 


Special Aleeting, Tuesday, December 7, 1920 

SPECIAL meeting of the National 
Board of Management for the ad- 
mission of members and authoriza- 
tion and disbanding of chapters, and 
for the confirmation of the election 
of a State Regent, was called to 
order by the President General, Mrs. 
George Maynard Minor, in the Board Room 
of Memorial Continental Hall, Tuesday, 
December 7, 1920, at 10.20 a.m. 

In the absence of the Chaplain General, 
the President General led the members in 
reciting the Lord's Prayer 

The President General expressed her re- 
gret that Mrs. Yawger could not be present 
on account of illness. Moved by Mrs. 
Hanger that Mrs. Elliott serve as Secretary 
pro tein.; motion seconded and carried. The 
following members were noted by the Secre- 
tary as being present: Active Officers, Mrs. 
Minor, Mrs. Elliott, Mrs. Hanger, Mrs. 
Phillips, Mrs. Hunter, Mrs. White; State 
Regents, Mrs. Buel, Mrs. St. Clair, Mrs. 
Young; State Vice Regent, Mrs. Bull. 

Mrs. Phillips read her report as follows: 

Report of Registrar General 

Madam President General, Members of the 
National Board of Management: 
I have the honor to report 1216 applica- 
tions for membership. 

Respectfully submitted, 
(Mrs. James S.) Anna L. C. Phillips, 
Registrar General. 

Moved by Mrs. Phillips, seconded and car- 
ried, that the Secretary cast the ballot for the 
1216 applicants. The Secretary pro tern, an- 
nounced the casting of the ballot, and the 
President General declared these 1216 appli- 
cants members of the National Society. Mrs. 
Phillips stated that 352 papers had been re- 
ceived within the ten-day limit, and 570 
papers received before that time had not 
been touched. 

Mrs. Hanger read her report as Organizing 
Secretary General of the Society as follows: 

Report of Organizing Secretary General 

Madam President General and Alembers of 
the National Board of Management: 

I have the honor to report as follows: 

Through their respective State Regents, 
the following members at large are presented 
for confirmation as Organizing Regents: 
Mrs. Marian Morison Norman, Lake Wales, 
Fla. ; Mrs. Maude Howard Hughes, Dowa- 
giac, Mich.; Mrs. Teresa Bristol Ranney, 
Greenville, Mich.; Miss Theata Sackett, 
Bellevue, Alich.; Aliss Eudora H. Savage, 
East Lansing, Mich.; Aliss Hortense White 
Freshour, Greenfield. Ohio; Mrs. Mary 
McComb Allen, Leedley, Okla.; Mrs. Susie 
Danforth Jones, Lawton, Okla.; Mrs. 
Roberta Putnam Sweatt, Mexia, Texas; Miss 
Prudence S. Hinkle, Grafton, W. Va. ; Mrs. 
Alice Paul Smoot, Camden on Gauley, W. Va. 

The State Regents have requested the au- 
thorization of the following chapters: Cham- 
paign, Illinois; Athens, Dayton and Hunting- 
ton, Tenn. ; Cherrydale and Mathews, Virginia. 

The reappointment of Mrs. Alice Bryant 
Zellar as Organizing Regent at Yazoo City, 
Miss., has been requested by the State 
Regent of Mississippi. 

The following chapters have reported or- 
ganization since last Board meeting: Alham- 
bra-San Gabriel at Alhambra and San Rafael 
Hills at Eagle Rock, Calif.; Col. Henry 
Champion at Colchester, Conn.; and Moun- 
tain City at Mountain City, Tenn. 

The State Regent of Michigan requests the 
location of the John Crawford Chapter be 
changed from Oxford to Oxford and Orion, 
as there is about an equal membership from 
both places. 

The State Regent of Massachusetts re- 
quests the official disbandment of the 
Manamooskeagin Chapter at Rockland, 
Mass. It has been found impossible to keep 
the membership of the chapter up to the 
required number. 

The following Organizing Regencies have 
expired by time limitation: Mrs. Julia Gunter 
Rowan, Jacksonville, Ala.; Mrs. Carrie Nye 
Redditt, Carrollton, Miss.; Mrs. Bessie 



Spencer Wood, Batesville, Miss.; Mrs. Emma 
Avery Hawkins, Spearfish, So. Dak.; Mrs. 
Jessamine Bailey Castelloe, Prescott, Wis. 

In a letter dated February 19, 1919, Mrs. 
Herman Hugo, Honolulu, Hawaii, requested 
that Mrs. M. F. Scott be confirmed State 
Regent of Hawaii. From this letter my pred- 
ecessor in office understood that Mrs. Scott 
had been duly elected, therefore asked the 
Continental Congress of 1920 to confirm Mrs. 
Scott's election. From letters received later 
and referred to my office, it appears that Mrs. 
Hugo, on account of illness in her family, 
was necessarily absent from Hawaii and 
wished Mrs. Scott to take her place as State 
Regent, having the honor as well as the 
work — a temporary matter. The Continental 
Congress confirms duly elected State and 
State Vice Regents; the National Board con- 
firms State and State Vice Regents to fill 
vacancies and to meet emergencies. In my 
opinion, this is an emergency situation; 
therefore I ask the Board to confirm Mrs. 
Herman Hugo as State Regent of Hawaii, 
who was duly elected on June 19, 1919. 
Respectfully submitted, 

(Mrs. G. Wallace W.) Lucy Galt Hanger, 
Organising Secretary General. 

Mrs. Buel moved the adoption of this report. 
Seconded by Mrs. White and carried. 

Airs. Hunter reported total number of de- 
ceased members since last meeting, 388. The 

Board rose in memory of these members who 
had passed on. The President General 
stated that included in this number was a 
member of the Board, Mrs. Hume, the Vice 
President General from Wisconsin, and 
Chairman of the Flag Committee. The 
President General spoke of the loss the 
Society sustained in the death of this splen- 
did woman and earnest worker, and said that 
formal resolutions of sorrow and sympathy 
would be presented at the first regular meet- 
ing in February, that meeting being more repre- 
sentative as it would be more largely attended. 

The Treasurer General reported also 123 
resignations, and that 147 former members, 
having complied with the requirements, re- 
quested reinstatement, and moved that the 
Secretary be instructed to cast the ballot for 
these 147 applicants for reinstatement. This 
motion was seconded and carried. The Sec- 
retary announced the casting of the ballot 
and the President General declared these 147 
former members reinstated. 

During the course of the meeting Mrs. 
Spencer came in, having been delayed and 
unable to be present at the opening of the 
meeting, as she explained in her apology for 
not being on time to conduct the devo- 
tional exercises. 

At 10.40, on motion put and carried, the 
meeting adjourned. 

(Mrs. a. Marshall) Lily Tyson Elliott, 
Secretary pro tern. 



The fund for the establishment of a 
school to be located in the South for the 
descendants of Revolutionary ancestors 
has been returned by the National 
Board of Management, National Society 
D. A. R., to Patriots Memorial Chapter. 
For additional information see pag"e 
241, April, 1920, issue. Daughters of 
THE American Revolution Magazine. 

As this Chapter was the recipient of 
gifts for this purpose, it wishes to in- 
form all concerned of its desire to return 
said contributions. 

Address all communications pertain- 
ing to this fund to : Mrs. Luther 
Charlton, Corresponding Secretary, 
Patriots Memorial Chapter, D. A. R., 
The Cavendish, Washington, D. C. 





President General 

Mrs. George Maynard Minor, 
Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 

Vice Presidents General 

(Term of office expires 1921) 
Mrs. William N. Reynolds, Mrs. Andrew Fuller Fox, 

644 West 5th St., Winston-Salem, N. C. West Point, Miss. 

Mrs. Frank B. Hall, Miss Stella Pickett Hardy, 

27 May St., Worcester, Mass. Batesville, Ark. 

Mrs. Charles H. Aull, Mrs. Benjamin Ladd Purcell, 

1926 South 33d St., Omaha, Neb. 406 Allen Ave., Richmond, Va. 

Mrs. William A. Guthrie, Dupont, Ind. 
(Term of office expires 1922) 
Mrs. William H. Wait, Mrs. William D. Sherrerd, 

1706 Cambridge Road, Ann Arbor, Mich. Highland Ave., Haddonfield, N. J. 

Mrs. Isaac Lee Patterson, Mrs. James Lowry Smith, 

Eola Road, Salem, Ore. Amarillo, Tex. 

Mrs. Frank W. Bahnsen, 

1720 22d St., Rock Island, III. 

Miss Louise H. Coburn. Skowhegan, Me. 
(Term of office expires 1923) 
Mrs. Cassius C. Cottle, Mrs. Charles S. Whitman, 

1502 Victoria Ave., Los Angeles, Cal. 54 East 83d St., New York, N. Y. 

Mrs. Edward Lansing Harris, Mrs. Henry McCleary, 

6719 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. McCleary, Wash. 

Mrs. James T. Morris, Mrs. Anthony Wayne Cook, 

2101 Blaisdell Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. Cooksburg, Pa. 

Mrs. Edward P. Schoentgen, 407 Glenn Ave., Council Bluffs, la. 
Chaplain General 
Mrs. Selden P. Spencer, 
2123 California St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Recording Secretary General Corresponding Secretary General 

Mrs. John Francis Yawger, Mrs. A. Marshall Elliott, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Organizing Secretary General Registrar General 

Mrs. G. Wallace W. Hanger, Mrs. James Spilman Phillips, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Treasurer General Historian General 

Mrs. Livingston L. Hunter, Miss Jenn Winslow Coltrane, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Reporter General to the Smithsonian Institution 

Miss Lillian M. Wilson, 
Memorial Continental Hall. 
Librarian General Curator General 

Mrs. Frank D. Ellison, Mrs. George W. White, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 













394 North 3rd St., Phoenix. 


2005 Scott St., Little Rock. 

817 W. 5th Ave., Pine Bluff. 



269 Mather St., Oakland. 

1240 W. 29th St., Los Angeles. 



Alta Vista Hotel, Colorado Springs. 

803 Spence St., Boulder. 







1515 Franklin St., Wilmington. 




1319 T St., N. W., Washington. 

119 5th St., N. E., Washington. 



217 14th St., Miami. 

233 W. Duval St., Jacksonville. 



305 14th Ave., Cordele. 



P. O. Box 248, Honolulu. 



Box 324, Gooding. 

421 2nd Ave., E. Twin Falls. 


Grand View Ave., Peoria. 




1224 N. Jefferson St., Huntington. 

611 N. College Ave., Bloomington. 



804 6th St., Sheldon. 

State Centre. 



316 Willow St., Ottawa. 

750 S. JuDsoN St., Fort Scott. 



539 Garrard St., Covington. 




310 Fannin St.. Shreveport. 







2224 N. Calvert St., Baltimore. 

2004 Maryland Ave., Baltimore. 



25 Bellevue Ave., Melrose. 
Pinehurst, Concord. 



1012 W. Main St., Kalamazoo. 

143 Lafayette Ave., N. E., Grand Rapids. 



1906 Kenwood Parkway, Minneapolis. 
MRS. A. E. walker, 

2103 East 1st St., Duluth. 




850 N. Jefferson St., Jackson. 



6017 Enright Ave., St. Louis. 

4556 Walnut St., Kansas City. 



420 South Idaho St.. Dillon. 

814 S. Central Ave., Boeeman. 



935 D. St., Lincoln. 

North Platte. 







448 Ridge St., Newark. 

1308 Watchung Ave., Plainfield. 










8 Lafayette St., Albany. 
269 Henry St., Brooklyn. 




Elm City. 



Valley City. 




Church and King St., Xenia. 

431 North Detroit St., Kenton. 




1421 S. Boulder Ave., Tclsa. 



8 St. Helen's Court, Portland. 

807 S. Ferry St., Albany. 



State College. 

Hadston, Linden Ave., Pittsburgh. 




4 Summit St., Pawtucket. 







1100 Walnut St., Yankton. 

113 8th Ave., S. E., Aberdeen. 



316 W Cumberland St., Knoxvillk. 




1313 Castle Court Blvd., Houston. 



36 H St., Salt Lake City. 

720 E. South Temple St., Salt Lake Oitt. 



302 Pleasant St., Bennington. 



915 Orchard Hill, Roanoke. 


1019 7th Ave., Spokane. 

Commerce Bldg, Everett. 



100 12th St., Wheeling. 



4001 Highland Park, Milwaukee. 
330 S. 6th St., La Crosse. 







Shanghai, China. 

Manila, PriiLiPPiNE Islands. 



Honorary Presidents General 


Honorary President Presiding 

Honorary Chaplain General 

Honorary Vice Presidents General 












VOL. LV, No. 2 


WHOLE No. 342 


By John C. Fitzpatrick, A.M. 
Assistant Chief, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress 

HAT history repeats itself is a 
platitude, and it is not entirely 
complimentary to our social 
and political intelligence that 
the parallel between our pres- 
ent difficulties and the situa- 
tion of the United States in the live 
confused years that followed the Revo- 
lution and preceded the adoption of the 
Constitution is uncomfortably close. 
Because of this parallel many of Wash- 
ington's comments at that time have a 
remarkable application to the present 
situation, and a careful perusal of the 
extracts following, from his letters 
during the years 1784-1787, will prove 
decidedly interesting. We are apt to 
pass W^ashington by when searching 
for guidance among the ideas of the 
Fathers, perhaps because of the trite, 
commonplace quality of his state- 
ments. Lacking the alert, sensitive, 
trained intelligence of Jefferson and his 
graceful facility of expression, and 

minus the robust, native philosophy of 
Franklin, with his pungent originality 
of statement, Washington's stiff and 
rather platitudinous phrases often in- 
terfere with the recognition of the 
clear common sense of his vision. We 
seem to " have heard all that before " 
in reading his stilted and involved sen- 
tences; but it may be remembered that 
the Constitution, some of the United 
States statutes-at-large, and even the 
Decalogue are in this class, yet they 
have not lost vitality by repetition. 

In 1776, five days before the Battle of 
Trenton, Washington wrote to the Presi- 
dent of Congress: " I have laboured, ever 
since I have been in the service, to dis- 
courage all kinds of local attachments 
and distinctions of country, denomi- 
nating the w^hole by the greater name 
of AMERICAN, but have found it im- 
possible to overcome prejudice." Two 
weeks after resigning his commission, 
he wrote to Trumbull, one of his old 




aides-de-camp : " Notwithstanding the 
jealous and contracted temper which 
seems to prevail in some of the States, 
yet I cannot but hope and believe that 
the good sense of the people will ulti- 
mately get the better of their preju- 
dices ; and that order and sound policy, 
though they do not come as soon as 
one would wish, will be produced from 
the present unsettled and deranged 
state of public affairs." 

This unsettled and deranged state 
of affairs came wnth the close of the 
Revolutionary War, the departure of 
the British forces and the disbandment 
of the Continental Army. The driving 
necessity of organized resistance to the 
armed forces in their midst no longer 
held the States to their more or less 
grudging teamwork in the loose har- 
ness of the Articles of Confederation, 
and the result was a practical collapse 
of such power of centralized govern- 
ment as had, up to then, existed in the 
United States. Then, as now, a series 
of political and economic conditions, 
the result of war, had developed with- 
out any reference to the established 
frame of government and, though our 
Constitution to-day may be found ade- 
quate, Washington's analysis of the 
situation in the past, under the Articles 
of Confederation, applies, not inaptly, 
to much in the present. His criticism 
of the prejudice and selfishness, of the 
slowness to recognize dangerous con- 
ditions, of the tendency to look lightly 
upon public faith, disinclination to 
deal justly with real grievances, worth- 
lessness of newspaper reports and the 
greed for political power are fully as 
applicable in 1921 as they were in 1786. 

He wrote to Benjamin Harrison, 
January 18, 1784: "That the prospect 
before us is, as you justly observe, 
fair, none can deny; but what use we 

shall make of it is exceedingly prob- 
lematical : not but that I believe all 
things will come right at last, but like 
a young heir, come a little prematurely 
to a large inheritance we shall wanton 
and run riot until we have brought our 
reputation to the brink of ruin, and then 
like him will have to labor with the 
current of opinion, when compelled to 
do what prudence and common policy 
pointed out as plain as any problem in 
Euclid in the first instance." 

To Governor Trumbull he wrote in 
May : " Is it possible, after this, that it 
[the federal government] should foun- 
der? Will not the All-wise and All- 
powerful Director of human events 
preserve it? I think He will. He may, 
however (for some wise purpose of His 
own), suffer our indiscretions and folly 
to place our National character low in 
the political scale ; and this, unless more 
wisdom and less prejudice takes the 
lead in government, will most cer- 
tainly happen." 

Until October, 1786, when the news 
of Shays's Rebellion in Massachusetts 
reached him, Washington's letters pre- 
sent, almost progressively, an excellent 
description of the condition of America. 
They are here given with as little in- 
terference of reference as possible : 
" This . . . country . . . with 
a little political wisdom . . . may 
become equally populous and happy. 
Some of the States having been mis- 
led, ran riot for awhile, but they are 
recovering a proper tone again, & T 
have no doubt, but that our federal 
constitution will obtain more consist- 
ency & firmness every day. We have 
indeed so plain a road before us, that 
it must be worse than ignorance if we 
miss it." (To Sir Edw. Newenham, 
June 10, 1784.) "As our population 
increases, and the government becomes 



more consistent ; without the last of 
which, indeed, anything may be appre- 
hended." " It is much to be regretted 
that the slow determinations of Con- 
gress involve many evils — 'tis much 
easier to avoid mischiefs than to apply 
remedies when they have happened." 
{To J. Read of S. C, August 11 and 
Xoz'cinbcr 3, 1784.) " Some accounts 
say, that matters are in train for an 
accommodation between the Austrians 
and the Dutch. If so, the flames of war 
may be arrested before they blaze out 
and become very extensive ; but, ad- 
mitting the contrary, I hope none of 
the sparks will light on American 
ground, which, I fear, is made up of too 
much combustible matter for its well 
being." (To IV. Gordon, March 8, 
1784.) "With respect to ourselves, I 
wish I could add, that as much wisdom 
has pervaded our councils ; as reason & 
common policy most evidently dic- 
tated ; but the truth is the people must 
fed before they will see, consequently 
are brought slowly into measures of 
public utility." {To G. IV. Fairfax, 
June 30, 1785.) 

" My first wish is to see this plague 
[war] to mankind banished from ofif 
the earth, and the sons and daughters 
of this world employed in more pleas- 
ing and innocent amusements, than in 
preparing implements and exercising 
them for the destruction of mankind. 
Rather than quarrel about territory, let 
the poor, the needy, the oppressed of 
the earth, and those who want land, re- 
sort to the fertile plains of our western 
country, the second land of promise, and 
there dwell in peace, fulfilling the first 
and great commandment. 
[Washington's meaning was " Increase 
and Multiply " as he so states in a simi- 
lar sentence in a letter to Lafayette 
this same day] . . . It is to be re- 

gretted that local politics and self-in- 
terested views obtrude themselves into 
every measure of public utility ; but to 
such characters be the consequences." 
{To D. Humphreys, July 25, 1785.) " It 
is to be regretted. I confess, that Demo- 
cratical States must always feel before 
they can see: — it is this that makes 
their Governments slow — but the 
people wall be right at last." {To 
Lafayette, July 25, 1785.) " Ignorance 
and design are productive of much mis- 
chief. The first are the tool of the 
latter, and are often set to work sud- 
denly and unexpectedly." {To R. H. 
Lee, August 22, 1785.) " A fair field is 
presented to our view ; but I confess to 
you freely, my dear sir, that I do not 
think we possess wisdom or justice 
enough to cultivate it properly. Illib- 
erality, jealousy and local policy mix 
too much in our public councils for the 
good government of the Union. . 
That we have it in our power to be- 
come one of the most respectable 
nations on earth, admits, in my humble 
opinion, of no doubt, if we could but 
pursue a wise, just and liberal policy 
towards one another, and keep good 
faith with the rest of the world. That 
our resources are ample and are in- 
creasing, none can deny ; but, while 
they are grudgingly applied, or not 
applied at all, we give a vital stab to 
public faith, and shall sink, in the eyes 
of Europe, into contempt." {To J. 
JJ^arrcn, October 7, 1785.) 

" The proposition in my opinion, is 
so self-evident that I confess I am un- 
able to discover wherein lies the weight 
of objection to the measure [the pro- 
posed regulation of commerce]. We 
are either a united people or we are not 
so. If the former, let us in all matters 
of general concern, act as a nation 
which has a national character to sup- 



port; if we are not, let us no longer act 
a farce by pretending to it ; for, whilst 
we are playing a double game, or play- 
ing a game between the two, we never 
shall be consistent or respectable, but 
may be the dupes of some powers, and 
the contempt assuredly of all. . 
It is much to be wished that public 
faith may be held inviolable. Painful 
it is, even in thought, that attempts 
should be made to weaken the bands 
of it. It is a most dangerous experi- 
ment. Once slacken the reins, and the 
power is lost. It is an old adage that 
honesty is the best policy. This applies 
to public as well as private life, to 
States as well as individuals." (To 
Madison, November 30, 1785.) " My 
opinion is that there is more wicked- 
ness than ignorance in the conduct of 
the States, or, in other words, in the 
conduct of those who have too much 
influence in the government of them ; 
and until the curtain is withdrawn, and 
the private views and selfish principles, 
upon which these men act, are exposed 
to public notice, I have little hope of 
amendment without another convul- 
sion." (To H. Lee, April 5, 1786.) 
" There are errors in our national gov- 
ernment which call for correction : 
loudly I w^ould add ; but I shall find 
myself happily mistaken if the reme- 
dies are at hand. We are certainly in 
a delicate situation ; but my fear is, 
that the people are not yet sufificiently 
misled to retract from error. To be 
plainer, I think there is more wickedness 
than ignorance mixed in our councils. 
. Ignorance and design are diffi- 
cult to combat. Out of these proceed 
illiberal sentiments, improper jealous- 
ies, and a train of evils which often- 
times in republican governments must 
be sorely felt before they can be re- 
moved. The former, that is, ignorance. 

being a fit soil for the latter to work 
in, tools are employed by them which a 
generous mind would disdain to use ; 
and which nothing but time, and their 
own puerile or wicked productions can 
show the inefficiency and dangerous 
tendency of. I think often of our 
situation, and view it with concern. 
From the high ground we stood upon, 
from the plain path which invited our 
footsteps, to be so fallen ! so lost ! it is 
really mortifying. But virtue, I fear, 
has in a great degree, taken its de- 
parture from our land, and the want of 
a disposition to do justice is the source 
of national embarrassments ; for, what- 
ever guise or colorings are given to 
them, this I apprehend is the origin of 
the evils we now feel and probably shall 
labor under for some time yet." (To 
Jay, May 18, 1786.) 

" Your sentiments that our affairs 
are drawing rapidly to a crisis, accord 
with my own. What the event will 
be, is also beyond the reach of my fore- 
sight. We have errors to correct. We 
have probably had too good an opinion 
of human nature in forming our con- 
federation. . . . It is too much to 
be feared, as you observe, that the bet- 
ter kind of people, being disgusted with 
the circumstances, will have their minds 
prepared for any revolution whatever. 
We are apt to run from one extreme 
to the other. To anticipate and pre- 
vent disastrous contingencies would 
be the part of wisdom and patriotism. 
I am told that even respect- 
able characters speak of a monarchical 
form of government without horror. 
From thinking proceeds speaking; 
from thence to acting is often but a 
single step. But how irrevocable and 
tremendous ! . . . What a triumph 
for the advocates of despotism to find 
that we are incapable of governing our- 



selves, and that the systems founded 
on the basis of equal liberty are merely 
ideal and fallacious! Would to God, 
that wise measures may be taken in 
time to avert the consequences we have 
but too much reason to apprehend. 
. I cannot feel myself an uncon- 
cerned spectator. Yet, having happily 
assisted in bringing the ship into port, 
and having been fairly discharged, it 
is not my business to embark again on 
a sea of troubles. Nor could it be ex- 
pected that my sentiments and opinions 
would have much weight on the minds 
of my countrymen. They have been 
neglected, though given as a last legacy 
in the most solemn manner. [Circular 
letter to the governors of the States 
on disbanding the army, June 11, 1783.] 
I had then perhaps some claims to pub- 
lic attention. I consider myself as hav- 
ing none at present." {To Jay, August 
1, 1786.) 

In 1786 the economic depression of 
the country due to inefficiency, mis- 
management and profiteering during 
the war reached a climax of armed 
violence in Massachusetts. Debts, 
financial stringency, taxation, the con- 
dition of the farmers, the courts and 
other equally familiar grievances to- 
day found a rallying point and a leader 
in the person of Daniel Shays. The 
Massachusetts legislature, after the 
usual hesitant delay of democratic as- 
semblies, finally passed three different 
laws for easing the burdens of the 
people, but the spirit of revolt had 
moved more swiftly and the outburst 
came before the legal easement was 
felt. The news reached Washington 
in October and drew from him an out- 
burst of shocked amazement : *' For 
God's sake tell me what is the cause of 
these commotions? Do they proceed 
from licentiousness, British influence 

disseminated by the Tories, or real 
grievances which admit of redress? If 
the latter, why were they delayed until 
the public mind had become so agi- 
tated? If the former, why are not the 
powers of government tried at once? 
It is as well to live without, as not to 
live under their exercise. Commotions 
of this sort, like snowballs, gather 
strength as they roll, if there is no op- 
position in the way to divide and 
crumble them." {To D. Humphreys, 
October 22, 1786.) 

" The picture you have exhibited and 
the accounts which are published of 
the commotions and temper of numer- 
ous bodies in the Eastern States are 
equally to be lamented and deprecated. 
They exhibit a melancholy proof of 
what our transatlantic foe has pre- 
dicted ; and of another thing perhaps, 
which is still more to be regretted, and 
is yet more unaccountable, that man- 
kind, when left to themselves, are un- 
fit for their own government. I am 
mortified beyond expression when I 
view the clouds that have spread over 
the brightest morn that ever dawned 
upon any country. In a word I am lost 
in amazement when I behold what in- 
trigue, the interested views of desper- 
ate characters, ignorance and jealousy 
of the minor part, are capable of effect- 
ing, as a scourge on the major part of 
our fellow citizens of the Union ; for it 
is hardly to be supposed that the great 
body of the people, though they will 
not act, can be so short sighted or en- 
veloped in darkness, as not to see the 
rays of a distant sun through all this 
mist of intoxication and folly. 

" You talk, my good sir, of employ- 
ing influence to appease the present 
tumults in Massachusetts. I know not 
where that influence is to be found, or, 
if attainable, that it would be a proper 



remedy for the disorders. Influence is 
no government. Let us have one by 
which our lives, liberties and proper- 
ties will be secured, or let us know the 
worst at once. Under these impres- 
sions my humble opinion is that there 
is a call for decision. Know precisely 
what the insurgents aim at. If they 
have real grievances, redress them if 
possible; or acknowledge the justice of 
them, and your inability to do it at the 
present moment. If they have not, 
employ the force of government against 
them at once. If this is inadequate, all 
will be convinced, that the superstruc- 
ture is bad or wants support. To be 
more exposed in the eyes of the world, 
and more contemptible than we already 
are, is hardly possible. To delay one 
or the other of these, is to exasperate 
on the one hand, or to give confidence 
on the other, and will add to their 
numbers ; for, like snowballs, such 
bodies increase by every movement, 
unless there is something in the way 
to obstruct and crumble them before 
the weight is too great and irresistible. 

" These are my sentiments. Prec- 
edents are dangerous things. Let the 
reins of government then be braced 
and held with a steady hand, and every 
violation of the Constitution be repre- 
hended. If defective, let it be amended, 
but not suffered to be trampled upon 
whilst it has an existence." {To H. 
Lee, October 31, 1786.) 

" Without an alteration in our politi- 
cal creed the superstructure we have 
been seven years in raising, at the ex- 
pense of so much treasure and blood, 
must fall. We are fast merging to 
anarchy and confusion. . . . Will 
not the wise and good strive hard to 
avert this evil? Or will their supine- 
ness suffer ignorance and the arts of 
self-interested, designing, disaffected 

and desperate characters to involve this 
country in wretchedness and contempt? 
What stronger evidence can be given 
of the want of energy in our govern- 
ment than these disorders? If there 
is not power in it to check them, what 
security has a man for life, liberty or 
property?" (To Madison, November 
5, 1786.) " It is with the deepest and 
most heartfelt concern I perceive by 
some late paragraphs extracted from 
the Boston papers, that the insurgents 
of Massachusetts far from being satis- 
fied with the redress offered by their 
General Court, are still acting in open 
violation of law and government and 
have obliged the chief magistrate in a 
decided tone to call upon the militia of 
the State to support the Constitution. 
What, Gracious God, is man, that there 
should be inconsistency and perfidious- 
ness in his conduct? It is but the other 
day that we were shedding out blood 
to obtain the constitutions of our own 
choice and making ; and now we are 
unsheathing the sword to overthrow 
them. . . . Keep me advised. 
Newspaper paragraphs unsupported by 
other testimony are often contradictory 
and bewildering. At one time these 
insurgents are spoken of as a mere 
mob ; at other times as systematic in 
all their proceedings. ... If the 
latter, there are surely men of conse- 
quence and ability behind the curtain, 
who move the puppets. . . . In- 
fluenced by dishonest principles [they] 
had rather see the country in the 
horrors of civil discord, than do what 
justice would dictate to an honest 
mind. . . . That the federal gov- 
ernment is nearly if not quite at a 
stand, none will deny. The first ques- 
tion then is shall it be annihilated or 
supported? If the latter, the proposed 
Convention is an object of first magni- 



tude and should be sustained by all the 
friends of the present constitution. 
Yet I would wish anything 
and everything essayed to prevent the 
effusion of blood, and to avert the 
humiliating and contemptible figure we 
are about to make in the annals of man- 
kind." {To D. Humphreys, December 
26, 1786.) 

" I feel, my dear General Knox, in- 
finitely more than I can express to you 
for the disorders, which have arisen in 
these states. Good God ! Who besides 
a Tory, could have foreseen, or a Briton 
predicted them? . . . When this 
spirit first dawned, probably it might 
have been easily checked. 
There are combustibles in every State, 
^vhich a spark might set fire to. . . . 
It has been supposed that the consti- 
tution of the state of Massachusetts 
was amongst the most energetic in the 
Union. May not these disorders then 
be ascribed to an indulgent exercise of 
the powers of administration? If your 
laws authorized, and your powers are 
equal to the suppression of these 
tumults, in the first instance, delays and 
unnecessary expedients were improper. 
These are rarely well applied ; and the 
same causes will produce similar ef- 
fects in any form of government, if the 
powers of it are not exercised. . 
If the powers are inadequate amend or 
alter them ; but do not let us sink into 
the lowest state of humiliation and 
contempt, and become a byword in all 
the earth." {To Knox, December 
26, 1786.) 

" The moment is important. If gov- 
ernment shrinks or is unable to enforce 
its laws, fresh manoeuvres will be dis- 
played by the insurgents, anarchy and 
confusion must prevail, and everything 
will be turned topsy-turvy in that 
State, where it is not probable it will 

end. . . . That which takes the 
shortest course ... in my opinion 
will, under present circumstances, be 
found best; otherwise, like a house on 
fire, whilst the most regular way of ex- 
tinguishing the flames is contended for, 
the building is reduced to ashes. My 
opinion of the energetic wants of the 
federal government is well known. 
. Indeed after what I have seen, 
or rather after what I have heard, I 
shall be surprised at nothing; for, if 
three years since any person had told 
me, that there would have been such a 
formidable rebellion as exists, at this 
day against the laws and constitution 
of our own making, I should have 
thought him a bedlamite, a fit subject 
for a mad house." {To Knox, February 
3, 1787.) " On the happy termination 
of this insurrection I sincerely con- 
gratulate you, hoping that good may 
result from the cloud of evils, which 
threaten not only the hemisphere of 
Massachusetts, but by spreading its 
baneful influence threaten the tran- 
quility of other States. Surely Shays 
must be either a weak man, the dvipe 
of some characters that are yet behind 
the curtain or has been deceived by 
his followers ; or, which may be as 
likely as anything perhaps, he did not 
conceive there was energy enough in 
the government to bring matters to the 
crisis they have been pushed." {To 
Knox, February 25, 1787.) 

" That many inconveniences result 
from the present form [of government] 
none can deny. . . . But is the 
public mind matured for such an im- 
portant change as the one you have 
suggested? . . . A thirst for power 
and the bantling, I had like to have 
said monster, for sovereignty, which 
have taken such fast hold of the States 
individually, will when joined by the 



many whose personal consequence in 
the control of State politics will in a 
manner be annihilated, form a strong 
phalanx against it; and when to these 
the few who can hold posts of honor 
or profit in the national government 
are compared with the many who will 
see but little prospect of being noticed, 
and the discontent of others who may 
look for appointments, the opposition 
will be altogether irresistible till the 
mass, as well as the more discerning 
part of the community will see the 
necessity. Among men of reflection, 
few will be found, I believe, who are 
not beginning to think that our sys- 
tem is more perfect in theory than in 
practice ; and that notwithstanding the 
boasted virtue of America it is more 
than probable we shall exhibit the last 
melancholy proof, that mankind are 
not competent to their own government 
without the means of coercion in the 
sovereign. Yet I would fain try what 
the wisdom of the proposed conven- 
tion will suggest. ... It may be 
the last peaceable mode of essaying the 
practicability of the present form with- 
out a greater lapse of time than the 
exigency of our affairs will allow." {To 
Jay, March 1, 1787.) 

" The suppression of these tumults 
with so little bloodshed is an event as 
happy as it was unexpected ; it must 
have been peculiarly agreeable to you, 
being placed in so delicate and critical 
a situation. I am extremely happy to 
find that your sentiments upon the dis- 
franchising act are such as they are ; 
upon my first seeing, I formed an 
opinion perfectly coincident with yours, 
z'izt., that measures more generally 
lenient might have produced equally 
as good an effect without entirely alien- 
ating the affections of the people from 
the government ; as it now stands, it 

affects a large body of men, some of 
them, perhaps, it deprives of the means 
of gaining a livelihood ; the friends and 
connections of those people will feel 
themselves wounded in a degree, and 
I think it will rob the state of a num- 
ber of its inhabitants, if it produces 
nothing more." (To B. Lincoln. March 
23, 1787.) 

" Laws or ordinances vmobserved, or 
partially attended to, had better never 
have been made ; because the first is a 
mere nihil, and the second is productive 
of much jealousy and discontent. . . . 
If the delegates come to it [the com- 
ing Constitutional Convention] under 
fetters, the salutary ends proposed will, 
in my opinion, be greatly embarrassed 
and retarded, if not altogether defeated. 
I am desirous of knowing how this 
matter is, as my wish is that the Con- 
vention may adopt no temporizing ex- 
pedients, but probe the defects of the 
Constitution to the bottom, and pro- 
vide a radical cure, whether they are 
agreed to or not. A conduct of this 
kind will stamp wisdom and dignity on 
their proceedings, and hold up a light 
which sooner or later will have its influ- 
ence." {To Madison, March 31, 1787.) 

The call for the Convention to con- 
sider alteration of the Articles of Con- 
federation so as to render them " ade- 
quate to the exigencies of Government 
and the preservation of the Union " 
had been issued by the Continental 
Congress in February, 1787, and, as the 
news of this intended attempt to im- 
prove conditions spread through the 
communities, the country settled down 
to aAvait the result. On May 8th, 
Washington, as a delegate from Vir- 
ginia, set out for Philadelphia to 
attend the meeting of this Convention, 
which was to formulate the pres- 
ent Constitution of the United States. 



HIS message will reach many of the 
chapters before they elect their dele- 
gates for our coming Congress in 
April. I cannot emphasize too strongly 
the care which should be taken in their 
election. They are the women who 
control the policies of our Society, because 
they are the representatives of its full mem- 
bership. Wherein lies the voting power. 
Their votes control thousands of dollars of the 
Society's money. They should be earnest, de- 
pendable, responsible women, having a full sense 
of their responsibility. Attendance upon our 
Congress is not a social function nor a sight- 
seeing trip. " Seeing Washington " and leaving 
their seats empty in Congress is not fulfilling the 
trust imposed in them by their chapters, who 
elect them to represent their interests and trans- 
act the business of the Society. Nor is it a 
loyal support of the State Regents, who are re- 
sponsible for their delegation or of the Na- 
tional Officers who administer the Society's 
affairs and need the continuous presence of a 
wise and sensible and businesslike set of women 
in Congress. 

The chapters are the governing body of our 
D. A. R. democracy and our National affairs. 
See to it that you send to your Congress women 
who can be depended upon to remain at their 
posts from beginning to end and do its work. 
Elect alternates who will alternate with them 
in their seats, so that your chapter will al- 
ways be represented. That is what the alternate 
is for — to relieve the Regent and Delegate on 
duty. Explain to your alternates that this is 
their chief and only duty. Too many alternates 
go expecting seats with their Regents or Dele- 

gates and are bitterly disappointed when they 
find they cannot have them. They blame the 
Society for injustice and dispute with the door- 
keepers, who cannot let them in to the voting 
section of the Hall. They do this only because 
they are ignorant of the fundamental law govern- 
ing the voting body. They do not know that 
alternates act and vote only in place of their 
principals. Hard feeling and a bitter resentment 
frequently result from these disappointing ex- 
periences, which could have been avoided by the 
proper information being given them at home. 
It is the duty of the Chapter Regent to inform 
herself and her delegation. It is the duty of the 
State Regent to make sure that her delegation 
" knows the ropes." This will result in an 
orderly and helpful Congress. Much business 
of supreme importance will be brought forward 
for action. If your delegates are not familiar 
with the machinery of your government, they 
cannot transact its business in an orderly and 
intelligent manner. Let us all come to our 
Congress in the spirit of helpful service, seeing 
onl\' the best in others, refraining from criticism 
and antagonistic attitudes. If we have the right 
spirit in our hearts toward those who serve the 
Congress, toward officers. Congressional com- 
mittees, pages, doorkeepers — we cannot help but 
have a successful and inspiring meeting, for it 
is the spirit in which we do things that counts. 
We shall be gathered together in the service of 
our Society, which means service for " home " 
and " country." This is the one great thought 
which should dominate and inspire our 
coming Congress. 

Anne Rogers Minor, 
President General. 





Comte de Rochambeau, Commander-in-chief of the 
French forces in America, declared Washing-ton's birthday 
in 1781 a holiday for the French Army. He clung to the 
actual date of February 11th, but as that day fell on Sun- 
day in 1781 the holiday was observed on Monday, February 
12th. Washington was born on February 11, 1732, and the 
Gregorian calendar was not officially adopted by England 
until 1752. In the readjustment necessary to harmonize 
the calendar and begin the year January 1st, eleven days 
were omitted between September 3rd and September 
14th in 1752 which caused Washington's birthday in 
1753 and all succeeding years to fall on February 22nd.. 





• • • Tf^ • * ifc 

New Windsor, 24 February, 1781. 


The flattering distinction paid to the anniversary of my 
birthday is an honor for which I dare not attempt to express 
my gratitude. I confide in your Excellency's sensibility to 
interpret my feelings for this, and for the obliging manner 
in which you are pleased to announce it. 

The facsimile and printed extracts from the letters of Rochambeau and 
Washington are taken from the Washington Manuscripts in the Library 
of Congress. The photographs are by L. C. Handy, Washington, D. C. 


By Nelson McDowell Shepard 

Author of " Pen and Brush Sketches of the A. E. F.," "Insignia of A. E. F. 

Aero Squadrons" 

Greater love hath no man than this, that 

OOKING backward on days that 
seem now little more than a 
dream, with what a rush of 
memories these words convey to 
mind the supreme self-sacrifice 
the God of Battles exacts of man. 
If a single epitaph was to be inscribed 
in memory of the men of the Medical 
Corps who lie interred in France, no more 
appropriate expression of their self-sac- 
rifice could be found than in those words 
of the Scripture, breathing as they do 
the spirit of their service to country and 
to comrade. 

History seldom records deeds of sub- 
limer heroism than those performed by 
the hospital men who asked only an op- 
portunity to serve humanity, nor will the 
historian of the future fulfill the great 
task that lies before him if he fails to 
give due recognition to the organization 
and the services of those men and women 
who so strengthened the moral fibre and 
backbone of the armies in the field. 

When the story of the Medical Corps 
is told in figures and facts it will be a 
record of achievement and performance 
of which America might well be proud. 
Too often the more spectacular branches 
of the service have been thrust into the 

a man lay down his life for his friends." 

limelight to the neglect of others, yet it 
is the combatant in the ranks who knows 
that, wherever the advance led, through 
rolling barrage or raking machine-gun 
fire, there strode beside him a hospital 
apprentice, ready in the face of death to 
extend a hand of mercy to friend or foe, 
ready at all times to lay down his life 
for a comrade-in-arms. Is it small won- 
der then, that the fortunes of war found 
the doughboy and the " doc," as he 
was known fraternally in most com- 
mands, sticking together like the real 
friends that they were? 

It is not the purpose here even to 
attempt the story of the Medical Corps, 
but one cannot mention the work of this 
all-important branch of the Service with- 
out pausing to pay tribute to the hospital 
man who marched in the ranks shoulder 
to shoulder with the doughboy, who faced 
the same death, shared the same joys and 
vicissitudes, and who gave ungrudgingly 
to his country all that God gave him — 
his life. 

Records show that 597 enlisted men 
and 192 officers of the Medical Corps 
answered the great summons ; 842 men 
of the enlisted personnel received wounds 
in the performance of their duties and 







94, captured on the field, languished in 
German prison pens. 

\\"hen the American and Allied govern- 
ments singled out individual men to honor 
for their services, 1349 decorations were 
awarded members of the Medical Corps 
and 118 were cited in Army Orders. Of 
these, 253 were officers, 5 were nurses 
and 1091 were enlisted men. 

Without taking into account the stu- 
pendous task of organizing the great hos- 
pital bases in France on a scale that has 
not its counterpart in American history, 
here at a glance is a record of personal 
performance of duty that speaks for the 
spirit of the corps. 

It was recognized by the War Depart- 
ment that if the Armv Medical Museum 

in Washington was to profit from the 
lessons of the World War it was neces- 
sary to send to France a unit adequately 
equipped to collect all available material 
for study and investigation. To accom- 
plish this required patience, leadership, and 
organization. Yet scarcely had the first 
American soldier set foot on French soil 
than such a unit, fully equipped, making 
moving pictures, conducting research 
work, and collecting material on the field 
followed close behind. 

As a result the Army Medical Museum 
and the U. S. National Museum to-day 
are in possession of material which will 
be of the greatest educational value to 
medical officers and to all who follow 
the profession of medicine and surgery. 





I!. S. Official Photograph 


Several thousand specimens of patho- 
logical lessons have been sent to the xA.rmy 
Medical Museum, there to form the basis 
of future research work that will keep 
the Public Health Service abreast of the 
times in medical achievement. 

About a year ago some medical officers, 
just returned from active service in 
France, were examining the war collec- 
tions at the U. S. National Museum in 
Washington with the genuine enjoyment 
of suddenly encountering an old friend, 
when they quite naturally inquired where 
the exhibits relating to the Medical Corps 
were kept. Imagine their surprise when 
they learned that these exhibits were con- 
spicuous by their absence. Every depart- 

ment it seems, was represented except the 
Medical Corps. 

They reported this absence of recogni- 
tion to Surgeon General Ireland, of the 
Public Health Service, with the result 
that Captain L. L. Tanney was detailed 
to take up the question directly with 
William De C. Ravenel, administrative 
assistant to Secretary Walcott, Director 
of the Smithsonian Institution. It was 
explained that the Medical Corps had 
been neglected only because the installa- 
tion of exhibits would require the assis- 
tance of experts in that particular field. 

Perhaps more general interest was 
manifested in the hospitals than in any 
other preparations of the Government to 



carry on the war to a successful conclu- 
sion. Parents were anxious to know how 
Uncle Sam was caring for their wounded 
and disabled sons ; they wanted to know 
of the work of reconstruction and rehabili- 
tation carried on in the hospitals over 
here and then displayed personal interest 
in all other phases that entered into the 
hospital service. 

That there was a great deal of blunder- 
ing, a great deal of unnecessary suffering, 
congested conditions, and other matters 
calling for correction was due only to the 
unsurmountable obstacles which the Med- 
ical Department of the Army had to over- 
come in organizing the greatest hospital 
service of modern times. 

The one factor, according to the Sur- 
geon General's report, which saved the 
Medical Corps from collapse at the crucial 
period when the dead and wounded were 
pouring in by the thousands, was the self- 
sacrificing spirit of all the personnel at 
the front and in the rear. OfBcers, 
nurses and men labored to the limit of 
physical endurance during the closing 
weeks of the war and the operating sur- 
geons often remained on duty for seventy- 
two hours at a stretch. 

As an example of the handicaps under 
which most of the work was conducted, 
some of the base hospitals, organized on 
a basis of 500 patients, were forced to 
take care of as many as 2100 patients; 
practically all base hospitals were caring" 
for as many as 1500 men and one, with 
a total nursing staff of only 110 cared 
for 4500 when the peak of the load was 
reached. As for the evacuation hospitals 
and the hospital shelters on tb.e actual 
front, their selection was due to the for- 
tunes of war. Demolished churches, 
structures, ravines, dugouts, any place 
that afforded a shelter and an outlet 
served the purpose. 

How to give the general public an idea 

of this work, an idea of the base hospitals 
themselves and the equipment used at the 
front, was a part of the problem that the 
Museum officials had to solve. 

Hampered chiefly by lack of floor space 
in the Museum, which made it impossible 
to give an impression of atmosphere and 
surroundings, the officials set about the 
task of reducing the various exhibits to 
the smallest possible scale. So many sol- 
diers visit the Museum in their sight- 
seeing trips about Washington that the 
plan was adopted of reproducing as 
nearly as possible, on a minute scale, the 
great base hospitals and the evacuation 
hospitals within roar of the artillery, just 
back of the actual lines. Thus to one 
who has had the good fortune, or the mis- 
fortune, as the case may be, to be 
wounded, these exhibits in the National 
Museum are of peculiar interest. 

Another purpose of the exhibits was 
the desire to show to the American 
people, by actual comparison with the 
exhibits of the Civil War period, just 
how far science and governmental care 
of the wounded and disabled has ad- 
vanced. In any event they serve to give 
the American parent a very comprehen- 
sive idea of the improvement in hospital 
facilities and what the Government tried 
and is trying to do to-day for the proper 
care and restoration of the wounded. 

The first room that the visitor enters is 
the X-ray room of a modern base hospi- 
tal. In connection with this exhibit, it 
may be said truthfully that it is the most 
adequately equipped and modern X-ray 
laboratory in the United States. The 
actual iu'^tallation of the apparatus was 
undertaken by Captain Mooriadan of the 
Medical Corps, who personally super- 
vised the arrangement and selected the 
apparatus just as it ought to be in the 
plans of the Public Health Service for 
its largest base hospitals. When one 



medical officer saw the exhibit recently 
he swore many overseas oaths. His unit 
had pleaded in vain for most of the ap- 
paratus and had to go about their work 
handicapped because of lack of essentials. 
"And here's just what we needed," he 
moaned. Difficulties of transportation 
and delays in the fulfillment of orders 
often retarded the work of fully equip- 
ping hospitals, but the Museum exhibit 
shows to what extent the Government 
had developed its X-ray equipment ; not 
a single detail is lacking. 

Aside from the apparatus for the 
base hospitals, perhaps the most interest- 
ing feature of this particular exhibit is 
the portable apparatus for evacuation 
hospitals. The surgeon carried with him 
his own portable electric generator, table 
and apparatus, affording him the same 
facilities for emergency work as were 
available at the bases. 

The equipment for the base hospitals 
comprises in addition to the X-ray oper- 
ating table special apparatus for the ex- 
amination of all wounds. Chief among 
these is the vertical rontgenoscope for 
examining the lungs and stomachs of 
patients while standing and a vertical 
stereoscopic plate changer. Then, too, 
there is the localization apparatus for 
examining the exact position of bullets 
and shrapnel in the body of the soldier, 
an X-ray machine of the interrupterless 
type with Coolidge filament lighting 
transformer and a Wheatstone stereo- 
scope. In addition there also is a sep- 
arate bedside unit for the examination of 
patients too dangerously wounded to be 
moved. From a scientific point it is inter- 
esting to know just how far science has 
been developed in the use of the X-ray ; 
from the point of the average visitor, 
it leaves an impression of efficiency 
and confidence. 

From the X-ray laboratory the visitor 

enters a miniature hospital ward. It 
has been reduced on a scale of three beds. 
Owing to the lack of space Mr. Lewton 
has combined other departments of the 
hospital, such as the Hnen closets, utility 
rooms and offices, with the general 
bed ward. 

Nurses, detailed especially by Miss 
Stimson, in charge of the Army Nurse 
Corps, put the ward in hospital shape ; 
therefore, all that is needed to give it a 
touch of realism is a Red Cross nurse and 
three doughboy occupants for the beds 
singing: "We don't want to get well, 
we don't want to get well, for we're hav- 
ing a wonderful time ! " 

The beds are of the folding type 
mounted on bed trucks. The first has 
a back rest, cradle for holding the 
patient's clothes and T-bars for placing 
mosquito netting over the bed. The sec- 
ond bed is equipped with a screen used 
when the patient is being examined by the 
surgeon and the Carrel-Dakin outfit for 
irrigating wounds. Overhead are pulleys 
and apparatus for holding up legs and 
arms, the latest contrivance in the treat- 
ment of broken extremities. When the 
doughboy is put in this bed he is usually 
a very battered man. Then there is a 
plain folding bed for convalescent 
patients — the best bed of all. 

Arranged in one corner is the utility 
room, in another corner is the cabinet for 
dressings and surgical implements, a 
dressing carriage, medicine cabinet, mod- 
ern food-conveyor for bringing hot meals 
to the patient's bedside, a linen room and 
everything, in fact, even down to the 
office, desk and typewriter. 

Next is a room that is an impleasant 
reminder to most of the soldiers who 
visit the hospitals, certainly to those who 
remember going into a similar one in 
France. It is a reproduction of a big 



U. S. Official Photograph 




operating room of the average base hos- 
pital fully equipped with standard U. S. 
Army surgical appliances and instru- 
ments. The first object to attract atten- 
tion is the forbidding operating table with 
instruments carefully laid on one side, 
ready to receive a patient. Interesting 
features are the Hawdey fracture table 
used when setting broken bones and an 
alarming array of splints and sterilizing 
apparatus. The same kind of equipment, 
only on a smaller scale for use in the 
evacuation hospitals is included in 
the exhibit. 

In another section of this main room 
is a complete eye, ear and throat clinic, 
treatment of these cases being carried 
on independently of other work in 
the hospitals. 

Entering the anesthesia room one feels 

inclined to hold his breath ever so slightly, 
anticipating the familiar odor, for here 
the patient is prepared for operation and 
put to sleep. Blessed anesthesia ! Every- 
thing is done to relieve the sufferer. No 
anesthetic laboratory in a modern hospi- 
tal could be as complete. There is among 
other paraphernalia a Heidbrink auto- 
matic anesthetizer complete with tanks 
for nitrous oxide and oxygen, and all 
necessary appliances used to anesthetize 
patients with nitrous oxide-oxygen. 

An interesting feature of the exhibit, 
more readily understood by the average 
layman, is a layout of photographs dem- 
onstrating the program of physical recon- 
struction and rehabilitation for disabled 
soldiers carried on in the U. S. hospitals 
by direction o^f the Surgeon General. 
The scenes are taken at the hospitals in 


U. S. Omcial Photograph 


this country and cover practically all 
phases of the work. 

If one would like to know how it must 
feel to be a dental surgeon at the front 
just glance for a moment at one of the 
accompanying illustrations. Bombard- 
ments hold no fears for him; he has 
selected as his abiding place a captured 
German machine-gun position and here 
under range of the big gims he pulls teeth 
and gouges patients with all the facilities 
available in his quiet dental office at home. 
The dental laboratory, familiar in a way 
to almost every soldier whether wounded 
or not, is one of the most interesting fea- 
tures of the exhibit. Each base hospital 
was equipped with dental office and lab- 
oratory. When the dental surgeon was 
at the front he carried with him a port- 
able outfit complete even to the dreaded 
buzzer and chair. All this is easily 

packed in a small field chest, part of 
which is used for the chair. Dental work 
at the front is often as imperative as sur- 
gery and the dentist goes along fully 
equipped at all times. 

Next is the chemical laboratory ex- 
hibit, where the research work so essen- 
tial to the hospitals is conducted. This 
exhibit shows the pathological laboratory 
for the study of nature and results of 
disease ; the serological laboratory used 
to prepare and test serums, better known 
as " shots in the arm " and lastly the bac- 
teriological laboratory where every 
known germ is tabulated and put in a 
modern germ rogues' gallery. This in- 
cludes an incubator for hatching germs. 

Mr. Lewton has not even forgotten the 
heating system necessary for the build- 
ings in planning the exhibits. Various 
kinds of boilers and furnaces are shown 




in order to give the visitor the knowledge 
that cold as well as disease was com- 
bated in the hospitals. 

In the main hall of the Museum there is 
a fully equipped G. M. C. ambulance with 
a capacity for four stretchers. It is in- 
teresting to note that it is ready for any 
emergency except for one thing — the 
tires are flat. Then, too, there is the 
familiar Ford field ambulance which no 
road in France could stop. In fact, the 
■only thing that could bring it to a halt 
was a well-placed shell, but the Boche 
had to be pretty sure it was a direct hit. 
Compared with the clumsy, slow-moving 
ambulance wagons of the Civil War, the 
motor ambulance is a distinct sign of 
the times. 

Further on there is a type of field litter 
on wheels for moving wounded over 
stretches of road, though during the 
actual fighting the wounded were carried 
away by the means of the ordinary field 
stretcher borne by two or four men. Other 
collections show the medical officer's 
field kit and the familiar " belt " of the 
hospital apprentice — the walking drug- 
store and hospital of the army, ready at 
all times to bandage anything from a blis- 
tered foot to a bullet hole through 
the body. 

Of course, the exhibit would be incom- 
plete without the " portable disinf ector " 
as the Museum officials refer to it. To the 
army it is known as the debusing 
machine or the " cootie " mill. For 
rough treatment of clothes it has no com- 
petitor among the modern city steam 
laundries. It w^as an essential part of the 
Army hospital equipment. 

x\side from its scientific value the ex- 
hibit shows Uncle Sam's Medical Depart- 

ment at its best. Soldiers often com- 
plained bitterly because the whole amount 
of the ration approved by the War De- 
partment usually dwindled down to half 
a ration by the time it reached the front 
and dished out in the " chow " line. 
And so it was with the medical supplies to 
a very large extent. What the specifica- 
tions in Washington called for was one 
story, what the hospitals often got in the 
way of equipment was quite another. 
These failures, however, were due to no 
fault of the Medical Corps which worked 
with might and main to serve a mighty 
cause. But the great fact remains. 

No finer record was made in the Amer- 
ican Expeditionary Forces than by the 
Medical Corps ; no branch of the service 
was confronted with more obstacles, nor 
overcame them with a finer spirit. When 
the first unit reached France ahead of 
the Army it comprised a mere handful of 
determined men and women. When the 
Armistice was signed the Corps had built 
up the greatest hospital organization in 
the history of the American government 
and its strength had reached 18,146 
officers, 10,081 nurses and 145,815 men. 
It would be difficult to conceive of the 
wonders in organization another year of 
war would have realized. 

But more than anything else that 
counted was the spirit of the personnel. 
Theirs was not to reason why ; theirs was 
the simple performance of their duty to 
friend and foe alike. How faithfully they 
fulfilled that duty, how they laid down 
their lives for their comrades, the rows 
of wooden crosses at the head of their 
graves on the battlefields of France 
bear mute and solemn testimony. 



By James H. Preston 
President General, Sons of the American Revolution, Baltimore, Maryland 

MONG the agencies most effi- 
cient for the creation of a 
national spirit and for the en- 
couragement and development 
of love of country, the patri- 
otic societies would seem to 
be the most valuable. 

If some correlation and cooperation 
could be brought about between these 
patriotic societies, if there could be 
some consolidation of their activities 
along certain lines, it would produce a 
much fuller, broader and a more com- 
prehensive result. 

A central organization made up of 
representatives of all the patriotic 
societies, meeting, say once a year, and 
working along cooperative lines, would 
greatly increase the efficiency of the 
whole work. 

The splendid work of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution and the 
admirable work, I believe, of the Sons 
of the American Revolution, would, I 
am sure, be very much enlarged and 
improved if some form of yearly or 
semi-yearly meeting could be had, in 
which their parallel activities might be 
rendered more efficient. 

This is particularly true of these two 
Societies in that the Daughters and the 
Sons of the American Revolution have 

practically the same requirements for 
membership, except that the Daughters 
are limited to the female descendants 
of a Revolutionary ancestor and the 
Sons are limited to the male descendants. 
These requirements for membership 
in the Sons are as follows : 

" Any man shall be eligible to 
membership in the Society who, 
being of the age of twenty-one 
years or over, and a citizen of good 
repute in the community, is the 
lineal descendant of an ancestor 
who was at all times unfailing in 
his loyalty to, and rendered active 
service in, the cause of American 
Independence, either as an officer, 
soldier, seaman, marine, militia- 
man, or minuteman, in the armed 
forces of the Continental Con- 
gress, or of any one of the several 
Colonies or States, or as a signer 
of the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence ; or as a member of a Com- 
mittee of Safety or Correspond- 
ence ; or as a member of any 
Continental, Provincial, or Colo- 
nial Congress or Legislature ; or 
as a recognized patriot who per- 
formed actual service by overt acts 
of resistance to the authority of 
Great Britain." 

Now, the provision for membership 
in the Daughters makes practically the 
same requirements, so that brothers 



and sons of a member of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution are virtually 
entitled through the same ancestor to join 
the Sons of the American Revolution. 

An interchange, therefore, of mem- 
bership, the names and addresses, to- 
gether with the name of the ancestor, 
would result in recruiting the member- 
ship of both organizations with a mini- 
mum of effort. 

To this end, I, therefore, invite cor- 
respondence with the brothers and 
sons, or male relatives, of any of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution. 

This correspondence may take place 
with me direct, as President General 
of the Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion, or with any of our State organiza- 
tions or chapters, and I will be glad to 
reciprocate with the Daughters in sup- 
plying names, addresses and lineage of 
our members, so that an opportunity 
may be given them to increase their 

membership in the various chapters of 
that organization. 

This is not theoretical, but prac- 
tical. We have had an example of it 
in Baltimore. 

We obtained through the goodness 
of the then State Regent, Mrs. Lilly 
Tyson Elliott, and the State organiza- 
tion of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution, the names of some of the 
members in this district. 

Upon a circularization of these 
names, one hundred new members have 
been obtained for the Sons of the 
American Revolution in our small local 
jurisdiction alone. 

If the same effort was extended over 
the entire country by the two Societies 
in cooperation, a very great stimulus 
to the activities and membership of the 
two organizations would follow and an 
admirable result would be obtained also 
in developing the historic and patri- 
otic ideals of the two Societies. 


Among the books received in the D. A. R. 
Library in Memorial Continental Hall are the 
following, representing thirteen states: 

History of Alabama. A. J. Pickett. 1851. 
Gift of Misses Mary and Jennie Chamberlain. 

History of Neiv London County, Conn. D. 
H. Hamilton. 1882. Gift of Faith Trum- 
bull Chapter. 

List of SiiAss Emigrants in the Eighteenth 
Century to America. A. B. Faust. 1920. Gift 
of Livingston Manor Chapter, D. C. 

Book of the United States. Gift of Rev. 
George Milledge Chapter, Ga. 

The Sold of Abraham Lincoln. IV. E. 
Barton. 1820. Gift of George Rogers Clark 
Chapter, 111. 

History of Kentucky. Mann Butler. Gift 
of Jane McAfee Chapter, D. A. R., KentuckT- 

The Munsey-Hopkins Genealogy. D. O. S. 
Lovell. 1920. Gift of Miss Lucy Sweet, Mass. 

Biographical Sketches and Records of the 
Ezra Olin Family. George S. Nye. 1892. Gift 
of Mrs. C. W. Oakley, Mich. 

Doniphan's Expedition and the Conquest of 
New Mexico and California. W. E. Connelly. 
1907. Gift of Elizabeth Benton Chapter, Mo. 

Somerset County, N. J., Historical Quarterly. 
Vol. 8, 1919. Gift of General Frelinghuysen 
Chapter, N. J. 

History of Oregon. W. H. Gray. 1870. Gift 
of Williamette Chapter. 

History of Edgefield County, S. C. J. A. 
Chapman. 1897. Gift of Miss Mallie B. 
Waters, S. C. 

Descendants of Reinold and Matthew Marvin. 
G. F. and IV. T. R. Marvin. 1904. Gift of 
Mrs. John S. Gibson, of West Virginia. 



EMBERS of the National So- 
ciet}', Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, who have rela- 
tives eligihle to membership in 
the Society of the Cincinnati 
will be interested in the fol- 
lowing list, sent to the Recording Secre- 
tary General, N. S. D. A. R., by William 
Sturgis Thomas, M.D., Chairman, Com- 
mittee on Claims and Admissions, New 
York State Society of the Cincinnati. 
The list contains the names of Revo- 
lutionary officers in the Continental 
Line whose service made them eligible 
to membership in the Society at the 
time of its institution in 1783. Right 
to membership is vested in the eldest 
male descendant of each of these offi- 
cers, and, in failure thereof, in the eld- 
est male collateral descendant who may 
be judged worthy. 


Society of the Cincinnati in State of New York 

Revolutionary Officers — New York State 

Line Compiled July 15, 1920. 

Adams, Surg. William 
Allen, Lieut. Stephen 
Ailing, Lieut. Stephen 
Archbald, Lieut. Edward 

Arendt, Col. Henry Leonard Philip, Baron de 
Ashton, Sergt. John 
Banks, Commisary John 
Barber, Capt. William 
Barclay, Col. Hugh 
Barr, Lieut. John 
Barrett, Lieut. James 
Bateman, Adj. John 
Beardsley, Surg. Mate Gershom 

Belknap, Capt. John 

Benson, Lt.-Col. Robert 

Betts, Lieut. James 

Bevier, Capt. Philip Du Bois 

Birdsall, Lieut. Daniel 

Blackley, Lieut. John 

Bogardus, Lieut. Benjamin 

Bogart, Surg. Mate Nicholas N. 

Bowen, Capt. Prentice 

Brindley, Lieut. Francis 

Brown, Lieut. John 

Bull, Capt. William 

Burnett, Maj. Robert 

Burnside, Lieut. John 

Campbell, Col. Donald 

Campbell, Surg. Jabcz 

Carlevan, Lieut. Andrew 

Cebra, Lieut. William 

Cheeseman, Capt. Jacob 

Concklin, Lieut. Silvanus 

Conine, Capt.-Lieut. Philip 

Conyngham, Surg. Mate Cornelius 

Cook, Ensign Ezekiel 

Cooke, Surg. Samuel 

Copp, Capt. John 

Cronin, Capt. Patrick 

Cutting, Apothecary John Brown 

Cuyler, Deputy Commisary Jacob 

Davis, Maj. John 

De Peyster, Ensign W. W. 

De Witt, Maj. Thomas 

Diefendorf, Capt. Henry 

Dodge, Capt.-Lt. Henry 

Drake, Capt. Joshua 

Du Bois, Col. Lewis 

Dusenbury, Maj. John 

Elsworth, Capt. Peter 

English, Lieut. Samuel 

Evans, Chaplain Israel 

Finck, Maj. Andrew 

Fisk, Lieut. Isaac 

French, Capt. Abner 

Garnett, Surg. Mate William 

Gates, Ensign John 

Gildersleeve, Lieut. Finch 

Glenny, Lieut. William 

Godwin, Capt. Henry 



Griffing, Ensign Stephen 
Hanson, Capt. Dirck 
Hardenbergh, Capt. John L. 
Haviland, Surg. Ebenezer 
Hicks, Capt. Benjamin 
Hoogland, Capt. Jeronimus 
Hughes, Commisary Hugh 
Hughes, Capt. Timothy 
Hunt, Quarter-Master David 
Jackson, Lieut. Patten 
Johnson, Capt. John 
Johnson, Capt. William 
Keyser, Lieut. John, Jr. 
Kirkland, Chaplain Samuel 
Lawrence, Lieut. Oliver 
Livingston, Capt. Abraham 
Livingston, Capt. Gilbert James 
Livingston, Col. James 
Livingston, Lieut. Robert H. 
Loisiau, Capt. Augustin ■ 
McArthur, Lieut. Alexander 
McClaughry, Lieut. John 
McCracken, Lt.-Col. Joseph 
McCrea, Surg. Stephen 
McCune, Capt. William 
McKean, Capt. Robert 
Mackinson, Lieut. James 
McNair, Lieut. James 
Mason, Chaplain John 
Maxwell, Lieut. Anthony 
Meade, Surg. William 
Miles, Capt.-Lt. John 
Alills, Capt. Daniel 
Montgomery, General Richard 
Monty, Lieut. Francis 
Morris, IMajor Jacob 
Morris, Lt.-Col. Lewis 
Mott, Lieut. Ebenezer 
Mott, Capt. Gershom 
Moulton, Capt. William 
Muller, Capt. Jeremiah Christopher 
Munday, Lieut. William 
Neely, Capt. Abraham 
Nichols, Lieut. Isaac 
Nicholson, Maj. George Chadine 
Nicholson, Lieut. Thomas 
Nottingham, Capt. William 
Oliver, Lieut. Richard 
Ostrander, Lieut. John 
Parsons, Commisary Eli 
Pawling, Col. Albert 
Peck, Lieut. Hiel 
Pendleton, Lieut. Solomon 
Post, Captain Anthony 

Post, Commisary John 

Provost, Paymaster Robert 

Reed, Surg. Thomas 

Riker, Capt. Abraham 

Robicheau (also Robicheux), Capt. James 

Rosekrans, Maj. James 

Rutan, Lieut. Peter 

Sackett, Capt. Samuel 

Salisbury, Capt.-Lt. Barent Staats 

Sanford, Capt. William 

Schuyler, Surg. Nicholas 

Schuyler, Ensign Richard 

Sherwood, Capt. Adiel 

Sherwood, Lieut. Isaac 

Smith, Surg. Isaac 

Spoor, Ensign John 

Staats, Lieut. Garret 

Stevenson, Surg. John 

Stockton, Surg. Benjamin B. 

Swartout, Lieut. Henrj- 

Tappan, Lieut. Peter 

Tearse, Maj. Peter B. 

Ten Eyck, Lieut. Abraham 

Ten Eyck, Capt. Lt. John DeP. 

Thompson, Capt.-Lt. Thomas 

Titus, Capt. Jonathan 

Treat, Surg. Malachi 

Treat, Capt. Lt. Samuel 

Tuthill, Lieut. Azariah 

Van Benschoten, Lieut. Peter 

Van Ingen, Surg. Dirck 

Van Rensselaer, Capt. Peter 

Van Valkenburgh, Lieut. Bartholomew Jacob 

Van Veghten, Lieut. Tobias 

Van Wagenen, Lieut. Garret H. 

Van Woert, Capt Isaac 

Van Wyck, Capt. Abraham 

Vergereau, Lieut. Peter 

Visscher, Lt.-Col. John 

Vosburgh, Lieut. Peter Isaac 

Waring, Capt.-Lt. Henry 

Welp, Lieut. Anthony 

Williard, Surg. Elias 

Williams, Surg. Bedford 

Williams, Lieut. Henry Abraham 

Wilson, Lieut. Alexander 

Woodruff, Surg. Henloch 

Woodruff, Surg.-Mate Samuel 

Wool, Capt. Isaiah 

Woolsey, Lieut. Melancthon Lloyd 

Wright, Capt. Robert 

Wynkoop, Capt. Jacobus 

Young, Capt. Guy 

Young, Surg. Joseph 


By Henry C. Shinn 

IGHTEEN miles from Phila- 
delphia, in Mount Holly, New- 
Jersey, the county seat of Bur- 
lington County, stands a tiny 
one-story brick building. Less 
than twenty feet square, its 
walls are cut and scarred by the 
play of generations of children, and 
passage of innumerable little feet. The 
quaint building is a monument to an 
idea, for its builders — innkeepers, hat- 
ters and blacksmiths though they were 
— saw a bright vision in the distance 
and the little schoolhouse rose as the 
tangible expression of their dream. The 
group of men wdio met on a June day 
in 1759, and entered into an agreement 
to raise a stock fund for the erection 
and support of a free school, w^ould be 
greatly astonished could they see the 
present public-school system of the 
country, of which their action one hun- 
dred and sixty years ago was a prophecy. 
The historic school narrowly escaped 
destruction during the Revolution, when 
Sir Henry Clinton's troops occupied 
Mount Holly while on their retreat from 
Philadelphia in 1778. Tradition says 
that the schoolhouse and Rev. John 
Brainard's Presbyterian church, which 
adjoined it, were used by the British 
for stables. Upon evacuating the town, 
the enemy burned the church, but spared 
the school. The iron works, which were 
engaged in making camp kettles for the 
Continental soldiers, were also de- 

stroyed, and the Friends' meeting house 
was used by the British commis- 
sary department. 

In 1759 Mount Holly was a tiny settle- 
ment of possibly one hundred houses. 
A majority of the inhabitants were 
Friends, and the education of the chil- 
dren of such families was taken care 
of by that denomination, a Friends' 
school having been opened in the village 
as early as 1739. But there were some 
poor children for whom no educational 
facilities were available, and their de- 
plorable condition became a subject of 
discussion among the villagers, culmi- 
nating in a meeting of the citizens on 
June 28, 1759, for the purpose of con- 
sidering ways and means of opening 
a free school. The detailed minutes of 
that meeting have long since disap- 
peared, but it is a matter of history that 
the gathering decided to raise a stock 
fund for the " free education of youth." 
Twenty-one citizens signed the articles 
of agreement and subscribed to stock. 
These men have all passed to their 
reward. Their last resting places are 
forgotten and perhaps unknown. It is 
probable that in all their quiet lives 
there was no claim to fame save this 
one act, but that alone makes them 
worthy of honor, and the only tribute 
that the modern generation can pay to 
their memory is to endeavor to perpetu- 
ate their names. 

The fund was divided into twenty- 





five shares and the subscribers were : 
Henry Paxson. Esq., John Hatkinson, 
John Clark, Alexander Ross and John 
Bispham, two shares each ; John Mun- 
row, one and one-half shares ; Josiah 
White. John Clatton, Thomas Shinn, 
Daniel Jones, Ebenezer Doughty, Sam- 
uel Clark, Aaron Smith, Earl Shinn, 
Zachariah Rossell, Joseph McCulIah, 
Acquila Shinn and John Budd, one 
share each ; James Mcllhigo, John For- 
ker and Adam Forker, one-half share 
each. These stockholders chose five 
trustees, Henry Paxson, John Munrow, 
Alexander Ross, John Clark and John 
Hatkinson, and authorized them to pur- 
chase a piece of ground for the pro- 
posed schoolhouse and " to take a deed 
for the same in trust, as well for the 
uses of the other subscribers as for 

themselves." The trustees lost no time 
in performing their duty, for on Sep- 
tember 29, 1759, they purchased a lot 
of land on New Street, Mount Holly 
(now Brainard Street), for 8 pounds 
10 shillings proclamation money. The 
deed of conveyance, which is recorded 
in the Secretary of State's office at 
Trenton, specifies that the purchase was 
for " school land." The free school- 
house was built and opened for pupils 
in a very short time after the site 
was secured. 

This act of the citizens of Mount 
Holly is one of the earliest recorded 
instances of the education of children 
at the public expense, and it is espe- 
cially noteworthy because it was con- 
ceived and performed voluntarily, 
without the compulsion of legislative 



enactment, as was the case with the Mas- 
sachusetts free schools of 1647. An 
important milestone on the road lead- 
ing to the modern public-school system 
was thus laid, and it is believed that the 
method of subscription employed in 
founding the Mount Holly school is 
without a counterpart in the annals of 
Colonial education. 

The names of the early teachers in 
the historic schoolhouse are unknown, 
and the next record that has been pre- 
served relating to the operation of the 
free school is dated November 13, 1765, 
when the stockholders were assessed 7 
shillings and 6 pence a share " to be 
applied toward purchasing a Cain stove 
for the schoolhouse and whatever repairs 
is needful to be done for said house." 

The exciting days of the Revolution 
and the death of several of the original 
stockholders resulted in the closing of 
the free school, and the building was 
used for religious meetings and other 
purposes for many years. In Septem- 
ber, 1814, a little group of charitably 
disposed women organized the Mount 
Holly Female Benevolent Society. The 
object of the association, in addition 
to the relieving of distress and destitu- 
tion, was to reopen a free school for 
poor children, and the descendants of 
the twenty-one founders of the original 
free school thereupon transferred their 
" right, title and interest in the prem- 
ises to the said Female Benevolent 

Society" on March 14, 1814. The school 
was put in operation and continued 
without interruption until 1834, when 
the present public-school system of 
Mount Holly w-as installed. During the 
years that it was supported by the 
Society more than one thousand chil- 
dren were taught in the venerable build- 
ing, many of them receiving their only 
education there. The Society was incor- 
porated in 1844, and is still in active 
existence. It has held regular meet- 
ings in the schoolhouse for one hundred 
and five years, and celebrated its one 
hundredth anniversary there in 1914. 

There probably exists no more his- 
toric school building in all the terri- 
tory of the thirteen original states than 
the little free school at Mount Holly. 
Its quaint, arched ceiling has looked 
down upon the heads of many genera- 
tions of children who have learned the 
" three R's " beneath its protection and 
then passed forth into the world, better 
fitted for the struggle of life. Its 
founders builded better than they knew, 
for the influence of their work has 
endured far beyond the boundaries of 
their imagination and has left its impress 
upon the educational history of America. 
Numberless associations cluster about 
its Avails, and the older citizens of 
the town love and revere the little 
building, but it stands unmarked by 
any tablet, and but few of the many 
who pass by it daily know its history. 

V. The Revolution, 1776-1781. 

To Channing's History of the United States, vol. iii, and Lecky's England in the Eighteenth 
Century, cited last month, may be added Van Tyne's American Revolution (American Nation, 
vol. 9) and Trevelyan's American Revolution, written, like Lecky's work, from the standpoint 
of the English whigs. Lossing's Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolution, if accessible, gives a 
good idea of scenery and local tradition. An extremely readable recent account is Lodge's 
Story of the Revolution. An old book, still good for the younger members of the family, is 
Coffin's Boys of '"/(J. Summaries may be found in Bassett, pp. 186-217, and Becker, Beginnings 
of the American People, pp. 249-274. 

1. The Declaration of Independence. 

Van Tvne : American Revolution, 

ch. 5. 
Channing : History of the United 

States, vol. iii, ch. 7. 
Bancroft: iv, 435-452. 
The Struggle for the Hudson and 

2. The Loss of New York. 

Van Tyne : ch. 7. 
Wilson : ii, 250-266. 

3. Trenton and Princeton. 

Trevelyan : American Revolution, 

pt. 2, vol. ii, 84-147. 
Bryant and Gay : iii, 525-536. 

4. Howe's Capture of Philadelphia. 

Fiske : American Revolution, i, 

Wilson : ii, 280-288. 

5. Burgoyne's Campaign. 

Fiske, i, 260-298; 325-343. 
Bryant and Gay: vol. iii, ch. 23. 
Channing : iii, 253-273. 

6. The French Alliance. 

Fiske: ii, 1-24, or Channing: iii, 

Lecky: England in the Eighteenth 

Century, iv, 402-418; 433-435 

(New ed.). 

7. John Paul Jones. 

Bryant and Gay: iii, 618-623. 
Bancroft: iii, 308-310. 
The biography by Augustus Buell 
may be used for further study. 

8. The War on the Border. 

The Wyoming and Cherry Valley 
Fiske: ii, 82-92. 

Clark's Conquest of the Northwest. 
Fiske: ii, 103-109. 
Roosevelt: Winning of the IV est, 
vol. ii, ch. 2, 3. (Sagamore ed. 
part 2, ch. 6, 7.) 

9. Arnold's Treason. 

Fiske: vol. ii, ch. 14. 
Bancroft: v, 427-438. 
Trevelyan: George the Third and 
Charles Fox, i, 277-295. 
The War in the South. 

10. The Attack on Charleston, 1776. 

Lodge: Story of the Revolution, 

11. Clinton's Expedition. 

Van Tyne: 289-301. 
Fiske: ii, 164-181. 
Greene and Cornwallis. 

12. King's Mountain. 

Lodge: 380-400. 

Roosevelt: Winning of the U'cst, 

vol. ii, ch. 9. (Sagamore ed. part 

iii, ch. 5.) 

13. The Cowpens. 

Lodge: 400-408. 
Bancroft : v, 476-488. 

14. Greene's Retreat. 

Lodge : 409-425. 
Bancroft: v, 489-495. 

15. Greene's Campaign in South Carolina. 

Lodge : 425-447. 
Fiske: ii, 262-268. 

16. Yorktown. 

Channing: iii, 331-342. 
Fiske : vol. ii, ch. 15. 


^ ^age in 

Conducted by 
Edith Roberts Ramsburgh 

Drawings by 
Zoe Lee H. Anderson 



The family of Howard, one of the oldest and 
most illustrious in the World, is of Saxon origin. 

Burke states that Howard, or Hereward, 
was living in the reign of King Edward, 
957-973, and that he was a kinsman of the 
Duke Oslac. The very ancient book of the 
Church of Ely " Historia Ecclesia Eliensis " 
confirms this statement. 

Sir John Howard married Alice de Boys, 
and their grandson Sir Robert, married Lady 
Margaret Mowbray, and with this marriage 
begins the great record of the Howards. She 
was the daughter of Thomas de Mowbray, a 
direct descendant of Robert De Vere, who 
signed the Magna Charta as surety for King 
John, and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of 
Richard FitzAllen, Earl of Arundel and grand- 
daughter of Lord John Mowbray and Elizabeth 
Segrave, who on her mother's side was a grand- 
daughter of King Edward ist and his wife 
Margaret, daughter of Philip Le Hardi, King 
of France. 

On her father's side Elizabeth Segrave was 
descended from Charlemagne, King Alfred, 
William the Conqueror, Rollo and all the early 
French Kings and heroes. 

Sir John, son of Sir William Howard and 
Margaret Mowbray, ist Duke of Norfolk, 
married Katherine, daughter of William, Lord 
of Moleyna. 

Their son. Lord Edmund, married Joyce, 
daughter of Sir Richard Culpepper, and their 
daughter Margaret married Sir Thomas 
Arundel. Their son Matthew took his 
mother's name of Howard and married 
Margaret Wiloughby. 

They were the parents of Matthew Howard, 
who settled near Annapolis, Md., 1649, and of 
Ann Howard, wife of Cecil, Lord Baltimore. 


The surname Morse claims a high antiquity, 
and has been changed from De Mors to Mors, 
and the " de " gradually dropped and the final 
"e" added. It occurs as early as A. D. 1358, 
in the reign of Edward 3rd, when as a journey 
was about to be undertaken into France, dur- 
ing a truce with that country and the cap- 
tivity of her king, Edward addressed his 
order to " Hugo de Mors." Froin the nature 
of this commission and the prevalence of 
chivalry at the tiine it is inferred that Hugo 
was a " knight." 

This is assurance of this name being in 
England 1356, but no evidence that Hugo 
de Mors was from Normandy. This sur- 
name does not occur in Normandy but was 
known in Germany as early as 1200, and 
on the Continent, in England and in its birth- 
place it is spelled Mors. 

From the Will of Margaret Mors, Suffolk, 
England, 1510, it is evident that she owned 
the Church in which she directed her body 
to be interred. 

Nicholas Morse, grandson of Lord Bixby, 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, was Governor 
of Bengal about 1750. 

No one is believed to have been knighted 
in England before Sir Robert Morse, the 
East India General, who kept and transmitted 
the ancient Arms now used by the family. 

The family in America starts from Anthony 
and William Morse of Newbury, Essex Co., 
Mass., brothers, and Joseph Morse, of 
Ipswich, Essex Co., and Samuel Morse of 
Dedham, Norfolk Co., Mass., brothers, who 
arrived about 1635, and became men of 
prominence in Massachusetts. 

A distinguished descendant was Samuel 
Finley Breese Morse, founder of the Ameri- 
can system of electro-magnetic telegraph. 


By Susan R. Read 

EW JERSEY is justly proud of 
her part in the Revolutionary 
War, and rejoices not a little 
in having been included in the 
bounds of that strategic terri- 
tory which required the fre- 
quent and long-time presence of that 
great central figure which still holds 
sway over the minds and hearts of not 
only Americans, but of the world — 
George Washington. 

A brief rcswiie of historical events 
will give the setting we need for our 
subject in hand. In the winter of 1777, 
after the taking of the Hessians Christ- 
mas night at Trenton, and the Battle of 
Princeton, General Washington retired 
to Morristown wuth his main army, 
while Lord Howe, Commander of the 
British forces, sought quarters at New 
Brunswick. The story of that incle- 
ment winter, when our troops were so 
illy fed and clad and the spirit of the 
Colonies was so greatly depressed by 
prior defeats and failures, still calls 
forth our sympathy. Perhaps at no 
period of the war were the days darker, 
nor the prospects more gloomy. The 
cause of liberty seemed in truth to be 
hanging by a very slender thread. 

On the 28th of May, 1777, General 
Washington's army of about 6000 men 
broke camp at Morristown and en- 
trenched themselves on the Watchung 
Ridge at Middlebrook, near Bound 

Brook; a well-chosen vantage point. 
Divining that Philadelphia was the ob- 
jective of the British commander, 
Washington sought some outlook 
where unobserved he could daily watch 
the movements of the enemy, having 
with his far-reaching mind fathomed 
the plafis and probable tactics of Lord 
Howe in his attempt to draw the Ameri- 
can forces into open battle before leav- 
ing this region. 

While pursuing his quest. General 
Washington, with his mounted aide de 
camp, rode into the farmyard of John 
Vail of Greenbrook, who stood chatting 
with a group of friends. A member of 
the party was Edward Fitz-Randolph 
of Piscataway, who chanced to be visit- 
ing John Vail that day, and when Gen- 
eral Washington asked if any one could 
tell him of some spot on the mountain 
from which a good view might be ob- 
tained, young Randolph stepped for- 
ward, saying he knew the best point 
for that purpose. This was the man 
looked for, and Washington, request- 
ing his aide to dismount and lend his 
horse to this new friend, set forth thus 
piloted to the rock which was after- 
ward to bear his name. 

The rock, about twenty-five feet in 
height and from thirty to forty feet in 
circumference, is boldly projected from 
the mountain side, and affords an ideal 
lookout where, screened by tree-top 




(From Drawing by A. L. C. MarshI 

and shrub, one can command the wide 
sweep of plain below for a circuit of 
sixty miles. An old chronicler says : 
" On the left appear the spires of New 
York City, part of the Bay, Newark, 
Elizabeth, Rahway, and New Brighton. 
Directly in front are Amboy and Rari- 
tan Bays. To the right, New Bruns- 
wick and the heights of Princeton and 
Trenton, and far to the southeast the 
eye stretches over the plains of Mon- 
mouth to the heights of Neversink." 

During May and June of 1777, then, 
General Washington, from that rocky 
eminence, spyglass in hand, closely 
scanned the scene below. Would the 
enemy attack Philadelphia by land, 
marching through New Jersey and 
crossing the Delaware by portable 
bridge, constructed for the purpose dur- 

ing the winter, or would he attempt his 
goal by way of the sea and Delaware 
Bay? Both keen vision and shrewd 
perception were necessary to make 
ready for instant action when the an- 
swer to that important question was 
made evident. 

Marches and counter-marches, feints 
and skirmishes on the part of the Brit- 
ish, alike proved futile ; for Washington 
could not be lured from his mountain 
fastness to meet so powerful a foe on 
equal ground. His foresight, prompted 
by that Almighty Power which so won- 
derfully shaped the destiny of our land, 
kept our forces out of well-laid snares. 
Lord Howe, seeing the defeat of his 
purpose and not daring to risk an at- 
tack on the American army in their 
strong mountain position, reluctantly 



retreated to Amboy, and on the 30th of 
June Washington witnessed the pass- 
ing of the entire British army to Staten 
Island, from which point, in July, they 
embarked and sailed away. 

Washington Rock remains, a spot 

increasing forcefulness be transmitted 
to those who will help carry on our 
national life and preserve the ideals of 
its founders. 

Local history tells of several attempts 
to commemorate this spot, but which 

lod-ciit in •• Historical Collections of Nf 

which stirs our patriotism when we re- 
call its strategic value to us in the cru- 
cial days of the Revolutionary War. 
and, as well, an altar made sacred by 
that lonely watchman to whom was 
committed the leadership of our forces, 
under unformed conditions, by means 
of undeveloped and unrelated resources. 
Small wonder that the people of 
Plainfield and vicinity long desired to 
properly guard and mark Washington 
Rock, that its significance might with 

necessarily failed, as a title to the land 
upon which the rock rests could not 
be obtained. 

In 1896, Continental Chapter, D. A. R., 
was formed, and the members with 
great enthusiasm set as their aim the 
marking of Washington Rock. Un- 
daunted by the lack of title to the 
ground they pressed toward their goal. 
Year by year the matter was kept alive 
by entertainments and fetes of such a 
nature as to serve as links between past 



and present, which brought into the 
coffers of the Chapter substantial aid 
for the work in view. 

It is with much gratification that the 
writer of this article recalls her election 
to the Regency of Continental Chapter 

woodland, thereby saving our precious 
rock from the greedy stone-crusher 
which awaited it. With the assurance 
that the whole property, when a suit- 
able monument had been erected, would 
be placed in the hands of guardians 


in November, 1910. Finding so much 
already done and such capable and loyal 
co-workers, it was a delightful and com- 
paratively easy task to bring to consum- 
mation the long-formed plans. 

The first step was to appoint a com- 
mittee to plan and supervise the raising 
of further funds and the actual work. 
This committee comprised Mrs. Charles 
W. McCutchen, chairman ; Mrs. Fred- 
erick G. Mead, Mrs. John F. Harman, 
Mrs. A. Van Doren Honeyman, and Mrs. 
Edward G. Read, Regent. 

The problem as to ownership of the 
rock and ground upon which it stands 
was kindly solved by Mr. Charles W. 
McCutchen, of North Plainfield, who 
purchased it and ten acres of adjoining 

who would preserve it. Continental 
Chapter went at once to its task. The 
design for the memorial was made and 
generously donated by Mr. A. L. C. 
Marsh, of Plainfield, who spent much 
time and thought in studying the subject. 
We always speak of Washington 
Rock, but there are in reality two rocks 
some eighty feet apart. The soil around 
and between them was found to be 
crumbling, and there was great danger 
that seepage would so undermine them 
that the rocks would be loosened and 
precipitated down the mountain side. 
To avoid this disaster, Mr. Marsh's de- 
sign included a concave retaining wall 
of rough native stone, which not only 
united the two rocks, but provided a 



broad platform of solid masonry from 
which the fine and extensive view may 
be enjoyed. The hill side back of this 
platform is faced with stones, over 
which vines are left to trail with natural 
beauty, while from either end steps lead 

The estimated cost of the monvmient 
was about $3000, and it was the aim of 
Continental Chapter to interest every- 
one. Great and small were given an op- 
portunity to share in the work; and the 
response was most heartening. The 


to the apex upon which stands the dis- 
tinctive monument, a cairn built of 
rough stone with bronze tablet bearing 
the following inscription : 


General George Washington 
Watched the Movements of 

the British Forces 

During the Anxious Months 

of May and June, 1777 

Erected by 

Continental Chapter 

Daughters of the American Revolution 

and the People of 

Plainfield and North Plainfield 


" Lest We Forget " 

project was kept before the public faith- 
fully, the local press proving an effec- 
tive ally. Uniform leaves were sent 
broadcast for names of contributors, no 
sums being specified, with any histori- 
cal data concerning the families repre- 
sented which would prove a valuable 
and interesting legacy to future genera- 
tions. These leaves were bound attrac- 
tively and may be seen by those who 
seek them. The amount raised, to- 
gether with the fund for this purpose 
already in the Chapter treasury, proved 
sufficient to finance the enterprise, with 
a small balance for further improve- 
ments, the actual work being completed 
in 1912. 

Mr. McCutchen, with characteristic 



patriotism, then proposed deeding the 
whole to the State of New Jersey. To 
those who have helped engineer such 
enterprises where politics form an im- 
portant factor, the story of " Bill 200 " 
and its devious wanderings through the 
Legislature of 1913 would be full of 
meaning; suffice it to say that after an 
avalanche of letters had been sent out 
the bill passed. The Legislature em- 
powered the Governor to appoint a 
Washington Rock Park Commission 
and granted an appropriation of $5000 
to be used to acquire adjoining lands 
" not to exceed one hundred acres," and 
to " take over, care for, keep, improve, 
maintain and develop the said lands as 
a public park in commemoration and 
appreciation of the importance of the 
events transacted in said locality during 
the Revolutionary War." 

Subsequent to the passage of this 
Act, Mr. McCutchen made over to the 
state a free deed of the original ten acres 
containing the rock and memorial, and 
sufficient land was purchased to make a 
park of ninety-seven acres. 

Governor Fielder appointed, in May, 
1913, the following commissioners: 
Mrs. Frederick G. Mead, Mrs. John F. 
Harman, Mrs. Charles W. McCutchen, 

Mr. Percy H. Stewart, and Mr. William 
J. Buttfield, all of Plainfield and North 
Plainfield, and also the Adjutant Gen- 
eral of the state, and the Commissioner 
of Roads. 

This commission proceeded to erect 
a cottage known as " The Lodge," to 
be occupied by a caretaker, at a cost of 
$4600. Here the public may go as host 
or guest; the main room attractively 
furnished with antique pieces purchased 
mainly in New Jersey and donated by 
Continental Chapter, serving as a 
tea room. 

" The Lodge,"* the plans for which 
were made and donated by the archi- 
tect, Mr. Henry Keith White, of Plain- 
field, with its quaint appearance within 
and without, its oldtime flower garden 
and stone walks, admirably fits into the 
whole scheme, suggesting the quiet life 
of Colonial days in time, space, and rela- 
tivity, " Far from the madding crowd." 

* In order to make the foregoing statement 
of facts fit the records of the D. A. R. of 
New Jersey, it is necessary to add that the 
date of the annual meeting of Continental 
Chapter was changed from October to Janu- 
ary, in October, 1913, the final report of 
the Washington Rock Committee and the 
obtaining of the $5000 for " The Lodge " 
thereby coming in the report of Mrs. Read's 
successor in 1914. 


Three hundred and fifty Connecticut Daugh- 
ters assembled at the twenty-seventh State meet- 
ing, on November 4th, in the historic city of New 
London, to be the guests of Lucretia Shaw 
Chapter, which has the honor of being the 
chapter of the President General, our best 
beloved Mrs. George Maynard Minor. 

The meeting was held in the Second Congrega- 
tional Church, which was suitably decorated with 
autumn leaves, chrysanthemums and cosmos. 

To the strains of the " March of the Priests " 
(Athalie) played on the organ by Mr. Alban 
W. Cooper, the line of procession was led by 
Mildred, the three-year-old daughter of Mrs. 
John F. McGourty, acting color-bearer. Then 
came the ushers preceding the President Gen- 
eral, and other National Officers and guests ; 
Mrs. James T. Morris, Vice President General, 
Minnesota ; Mrs. Frank B. Hall, Vice President 
General, Massachusetts ; Mrs. John F. Yawger, 
Recording Secretary General ; Miss Jenn W. 
Coltrane, Historian General : Mrs. Frank D, 
Ellison, Librarian General ; Mrs. Franklin P. 
Shumway, State Regent of Massachusetts ; Mrs. 
Samuel H. Davis, State Regent of Rhode 
Island ; Mrs. John L. Buel, State Regent of 
Connecticut ; Mrs. Charles H. Bissell, Vice 
State Regent of Connecticut; Mrs. Sara T. 
Kinney, Honorary Vice-President General ; 
Mrs. Sidney H. Miner, former Regent of 
Lucretia Shaw Chapter; Mrs. Bryan F. Mahan, 
Regent, and other State Officers and guests. 

After the invocation by the Pastor, Rev. J. 
Beveridge Lee, the Regent, Mrs. Mahan, gave 
the address of welcome, to which the State 
Regent, and presiding officer, responded — She 
said " We appreciate the spirit of welcome, 
warm and true — many chapters have done well, 
but thou, Lucretia Shaw, excelleth them all; 
you have given us a President General who had 
no need of the din and turmoil of political battle, 
who had only to sit still while one hundred and 
twelve thousand women handed her their unani- 
mous ballots on a golden platter. For this event 
without parallel in our Society's history we do 
you homage to-day." 

Mrs. Buel also announced a new chapter 
recently formed in Connecticut, Col. Henry 

Champion Chapter, of Colchester, Mrs. Robert 
Brown, Regent. 

Greetings were given by the Mayor, E. Frank 
Morgan, and by Rev. Benjamin T. Marshall, 
President of Connecticut College for Women, 
at New London. The National Officers and 
State Regents also gave greetings, and spoke of 
the work which claimed their especial interest, 
and each one voiced her love and loyalty to 
the President General. 

Mrs. Sara T. Kinney gave tribute to 1620, 
and the President General spoke on the official 
motto of the Society, " Home and Country." 
In the course of her remarks she said " the 
development of plans for education in one hun- 
dred per cent. Americanism was one of the 
highest forms of service which the Society of 
the D. A. R. could render the country in honor 
of these ancestors who established American 
principles of life and free government on this 
continent. It behooves the women as well as 
men to get to work against the forces of 
destruction that threaten to engulf all we hold 
most sacred. A society of over one hundred 
and fourteen thousand loyal and active Ameri- 
can women is a power to be reckoned with, if 
we all do our duty. A distinguished ancestry 
is of no account if we do not make ourselves 
worthy of it. Among the many ways to keep 
this nation American is to increase our interest 
in public schools. It is common knowledge that 
our whole public school system is facing collapse 
through shortage of teachers. Our chapters 
can agitate for higher salaries, better trailing, 
better social conditions for the teachers to whom 
the education of our youth is entrusted." 

Rev. John R. Ellis, M.A., of Morrisville, 
N. Y., gave an eloquent address on " The 
Challenge of our American Heritage To-day." 

The musical selections of the day were 
heartily enjoyed. The soloists w^ere Mrs. 
Beatrice Ashe Maher, wife of Lieutenant James 
Maher, U.S.N., of the submarine base, and 
Miss Lydia Marvin, student at Connecticut 
College. Mr. Cooper, who presided at the 
organ played several choice numbers, and 
led the singing by the audience of the usual 
patriotic songs. 

At the close of the afternoon session tea 




was served in the attractive and large social 
rooms of the church, where an informal recep- 
tion was held. In the evening a banquet was 
held in the ballroom of the Mohican Hotel, in 
honor of the President General and National 
Officers. The room was decorated with autumn 
leaves and chrysanthemums, and the D. A. R. 
insignia, brightly illuminated, hung above the 
President's table. Mrs. Buel, State Regent, 
was toastmistress, and, as always, was most 
apt and witty in her introductions. Singing was 
enjoyed in a most jolly and informal way, and 
in a whistling chorus the President General 
proved herself mistress of still another accom- 
plishment. During the evening it was an- 
nounced that a Foundership at the Industrial 
School at Tamassee had been established by 
Connecticut, in honor of Mrs. Minor. This was 
received with hearty applause. 

The meeting, both day and evening, will go 
down in the annals as one of especial interest 
and success, and reflects great credit upon the 
members of Lucretia Shaw Chapter, whose 
pride and love and loyalty to the President 
General is shared by all Connecticut who know 
her so intimately, and will be by all the States 
of the Union. 

Anna M. G.wlord Stevens, 
State Recording Secretary. 


The twenty-sixth Annual Congress of the 
Minnesota Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion was held at St. Paul on September 7, 1920. 
It is the custom for the Annual Meeting to be 
held alternately in each of the Twin Cities. 
The Congress was entertained at the Town and 
Country Club, and the St. Paul Daughters gave 
their sisters of the state a perfect day, fine 
music, and a most cordial welcome. 

The call to order was given by the new State 
Regent, Mrs. Marshall H. Coolidge, and the 
invocation by the Chaplan, Mrs. David Day. 
Greetings to the Congress were extended by 
Mrs. George C. Squires of St. Paul, a former 
State Regent, and the response given by an- 
other former State Regent, Mrs. Cyrus W. 
Wells, of Minneapolis. 

Minutes of the 1919 Congress were read 
by the State Recording* Secretary, Mrs. 
A. C. Hinckley ; the reports of the State 
Officers were given, followed by reports of 
the State Committees. 

Since the Congress of 1919 the Daughters, 
under the direction of the Chairman of His- 
toric Spots Committee, Mrs. Harlan Roberts, 
have erected a cairn with a bronze tablet at 
Little Falls to commemorate the site of the 

first block house built in what is now the State 
of Minnesota, by John Zebulun M. Pike in 1805. 
This cairn and tablet were presented to the 
" Citizens of Little Falls and the People of 
Morrison County," Mrs. James T. Morris, then 
State Regent, making the dedicatory address. 
This ceremony took place on September 27, 
1919, in the presence of a large number of 
Daughters and the citizens of Little Falls. 

The reports of the chapters showed that 
Americanization had been the keynote of 
thought and work throughout the State during 
the last year, and that gifts of money, time and 
personal service had been made freely and with- 
out stint. Lecture courses have been estab- 
lished, one Community House maintained, four 
large flags and twenty small ones presented. 
Finnish Settlement work has been undertaken, 
special exercises arranged for the graduation 
into citizenship of foreigners, and a real spirit 
of Americanization developed in all the chapters. 

A generous luncheon was served to the Con- 
gress on the porch of the club house where 150 
Daughters enjoyed the repast. 

The afternoon session was opened by music, 
followed by the address of the new State Regent, 
Mrs. Coolidge, in which she expressed the feel- 
ing that the keynote of our organization should 
be achievement, and as the sons of the Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution served each 
in his unchosen appointed place during the 
great war, so should we enlarge our vision to 
meet the problems beyond our own households. 

The problem which seems most compelling 
is, as it was last year, Americanization, which is 
a debt we owe to those who died that American 
principles and American liberty might live. As 
the makers of the Constitution of the United 
States found their efforts unavailing until they 
asked daily Divine guidance, so we must remem- 
ber that without Him we are nothing, but with 
Him our capabilities are unlimited. 

This address was followed by one given by 
our former State Regent, now Vice President 
General from Minnesota, who spoke of her 
recent visit to Provincetown, Mass., where on 
August 29th and 30th there was a notable 
demonstration marking the tercentenary of the 
landing of the Pilgrims on the shore of Cape 
Cod. She urged that all chapters observe the 
anniversary. During the business session the 
State By-laws were altered to conform to the 
National laws. 

At 3.30 P.M. the Sibley House Association 
opened its meeting. The officers of the State 
D. A. R. are also the officers of the Sibley 
House Association. This meeting was opened 
by the reading of the minutes of the May meet- 
ing, after which a report was given by the 



Chairman of the House and Grounds Commit- 
tee, Mrs. F. H. Jerrard. 

Sibley House is owned by the State chapters 
and is opened to the pubHc during the warm 
months of the year. This past summer 1987 
persons paid admission fees. The list of gifts 
presented since Alay showed some valuable and 
interesting articles. There are comparatively 
few museums in Minnesota, thus making the 
collection at Sibley House important to the 
citizens of the State. 

The Minnesota Legislature will at its coming 
session be petitioned for an annual appropria- 
tion of $1000 for the upkeep of Sibley House, 
which is situated in the small town of Mendota, 
only about ten miles from St. Paul, where it is 
of easy access to interested visitors. 

(Mrs. J. S.) Mary Hurlbut Gaylord, 

State Historian. 


When the invitation was extended by the 
Albemarle Chapter to the Virginia Daughters 
to hold their twenty-fourth annual Conference 
in Charlottesville, it was accepted with delight. 
A visit to Charlottesville, to the University of 
Virginia, is interesting at all times and to all 
people. To the Daughters of the Revolution 
it is a mecca. On October 20th the Virginia 
State Conference was called to order in 
Madison Hall, on the University campus, 
by our beloved State Regent, Dr. Kate 
Waller Barrett. It was the largest Conference 
ever convened in Virginia. Each one present 
felt the inspiration of the historic surroundings. 

The welcomes extended to the Daughters by 
Mrs. James S. Higginson, Regent of Albemarle 
Chapter, and Doctor Alderman, President of 
the University of Virginia, were very cordial, 
and the addresses delivered by members of the 
faculty were most instructive. The business 
of the Conference was dispatched promptly 
and effectively. 

We were very fortunate in having as our 
guests Mrs. George Thacher Guernsey, former 
President General, and Mrs. Wiles, President 
of the Founders and Patriots. During the Con- 
ference many entertainments were planned in 
honor of the members — receptions and teas, etc. 
Among the most interesting was a sightseeing 
trip over the University grounds, at which time 
the students kindly acted as guides. 

The feature of the Conference was an auto- 
mobile drive to Monticello, where the Daughters 
were the guests of Mr. Jefferson Levy. The 
day was ideal and the view from Monticello 
was grand. The interior of the house is very 
unique with its concealed stairways and secret 

passages. Mr. Levy has a wonderful collection 
of interesting antiques, which he has secured in 
all quarters of the globe. 

A wreath was placed on the grave of Thomas 
Jefferson by the Virginia Daughters. 

The meeting adjourned to meet next fall in 
Roanoke, Va., by invitation of the Margaret 
Lynn Lewis Chapter, D. A. R. 

Mrs. Henry Fitzhugh Lewis, 

Corresponding Secretary. 


As guests of the Kanawha Valley Chapter, 
the fifteenth annual Conference of the West 
Virginia N. S. D. A. R. met in Charleston, our 
Capital City, on November 16-17, 1920. 

The business meetings were held in the audi- 
torium of the Elks Building. Mrs. Clark W. 
Heavener, State Regent, presided. Ah address 
of welcome was given by Mrs. L. H. Harrison, 
Regent of the hostess chapter, to which response 
was made by Mrs. Robert Reed, State Vice 
Regent. Aluch dignity, benefit and pleasure 
w^as added by having with us our President 
General, Mrs. George Maynard Minor, and our 
National Officer from West Virginia, Mrs. 
James Spilman Phillips, Registrar General. 

Fifteen of the 19 States were represented. 
One new chapter has been formed, the " James 
Barbour " in Belington, which was organized in 
March, 1920. Excellent work was reported by 
all chapters. Americanization was possibly the 
greatest, but much activity was shown in the 
lines of patriotic education and relief work. 
The military records are almost all in, and this 
work will be completed by January 1, 1921. A 
handsome monument has been placed over the 
grave of Major General Adam Stephen, at 
Martinsburg. A hospital ward has been com- 
pletely furnished in a memorial hospital in 
Parkersburg. Several scholarships have been 
given. Some of these are in our State Univer- 
sity in Morgantown and others out of our State. 
French orphans have been cared for and Serbian 
Relief has not been neglected. Revolutionary 
graves have been located and will soon be 
marked. The records in our courthouses and 
State Library are being searched and interesting 
documents have been unearthed- 

Upon each day of the Conference, a delicious 
luncheon was tendered us by the Kanawha 
\"alley Chapter at the Hotel Ruffner. The 
Edgewood Country Club was on Wednesday the 
scene of a beautiful tea, given the Daughters by 
the Colonial Dames. 

That evening we heard an address by our 
President General, which was both inspiring and 
instructive. Later a brilliant reception was held 



by Governor and Mrs. Cornv/ell and the hostess 
chapter in the executive mansion. 

The important business of amending the State 
By-laws was taken up on Thursday and neces- 
sary changes made. 

The magnificent home of ex-Governor and 
Mrs. McCorkle, " Sunrise," was thrown open to 
the Daughters on Thursday afternoon from 
4 to 6 o'clock. This home is most interesting, as 
it contains many rare curios from all parts of 

the world, and the hospitality of ex-Governor 
and Mrs. McCorkle was greatly appreciated. 
This function brought to a close the fifteenth 
Conference, which was the largest and one of 
the most successful ever held. 

The Kanawha Valley Chapter left nothing 
undone that would add to our pleasure, and the 
days passed with them will long be remembered. 
Margaret Rathbone Morgan, 

State Historian. 


Among the subscribers to the Daugh- 
ters OF THE American Revolution 
Magazine are Mrs. Nancy Winch Fay, 
of Southboro, Mass., 104 years old, and 
Miss N. F. Rembert Smith, two years 
old, of Washington, D. C, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Smith. There is 
a difference of one hundred and two 
years between these subscribers. 

Mrs. Fay celebrated the 104th anni- 
versary of her birth Dec. 26, 1920. 
She was born in 1816. She sent in her 
subscription to the magazine two days 
before her birthday anniversary. Mrs. 
Fay was admitted to the National So- 
ciety, D. A. R., at the October, 1920, 
meeting of the National Board of Man- 
agement. She is the daughter of 
Reuben Winch, born in Framingham, 
Mass., in 1772, and Olive Eaton, born 
in 1775. Reuben Winch was the son 
of Capt. Joseph Winch and Mary Beals 
of Framingham. Captain Winch's ser- 
vice in the Revolutionary War began 
as a ininuteman at the Battle of Lex- 

ington, April 19, 1775. He was a 
famous marksman and was present at 
the surrender of Burgoyne. 

Little Miss Smith, the most youthful 
subscriber to the magazine, was two 
years old November 30, 1920. Her 
mother is an official of the Katharine 
Montgomery Chapter of the D. A. R. 
of the District. The revolutionary an- 
cestor of Miss Smith was Isaac Smith, 
born in New Kent County, Va., in 1758. 
Sergeant Smith took part in the Battles 
of White Plains, Princeton, Brandy- 
wine, Germantown and Monmouth. 
He witnessed the destruction of the 
British frigate Augusta, the wood of 
which is used in the paneling and fur- 
nishing of the New Jersey room at 
Memorial Continental Hall. He was 
also at Stony Point and Yorktown. 

Isaac Smith was the great-grand- 
father of Miss Smith, and she is counted 
as the youngest great-granddaughter 
to-day of a Revolutionary soldier. — 
From the Washington Evening Star. 

To Insure Accuracy in the Reading of Names and Promptness in Publication 
Cliapter Reports must be Typewritten EDITOR- 

-^^^ — --T-^r 

Old Blake House Chapter (Dorchester, 
Mass.) recently celebrated the tenth anni- 
versary of its organization at Hotel Bellevue. 
Boston. The exercises which marked this 
important milestone in the life of the Chap- 
ter were of great interest, and began with a 
reunion and luncheon, when the members, in 
keeping with their exhibit of the afternoon, 
appeared in Colonial dress. This was fol- 
lowed by a public meeting and a reception to 
the State Officers and the Regents of the 
Massachusetts chapters. 

Then came an interesting loan exhibit of 
Colonial articles, consisting of valuable 
heirlooms and Revolutionary relics. The 
exercises and reports connected with this 
anniversary brought to mind pleasant remi- 
niscences of the early events in the Chap- 
ter's history. 

The Chapter was organized in 1910, at the 
historic " Old Blake House " of Dorchester, 
long an interesting landmark. The house 
was built in 1648 by James Blake, a son of 
the pioneer William Blake, and for many 
years it remained in the Blake family. It is 
now owned by the Dorchester Historical 
Society, who extended to the Chapter the 
privilege of using it for their meetings. 

The Chapter took its name in honor of 
this old house and in memory of those of 
that name who served in the struggle for 
American independence. 

Here in the quaint old house, with its 
beamed ceilings and walls, diamond-paned 
windows, open fireplaces, and general ap- 
pearance of "ye olden days," the Old Blake 
House Chapter was launched upon its way, 
with its founder, Mrs. William Brisbane 
Rand, appointed as Regent. 

Among the earlier social events were many 
of a Colonial character, such as a " Colonial 
Tea," held in the Blake House in honor of 
the evacuation of Boston; a Loan Exhibit 
at Hotel Brunswick, when valuable Colonial 
relics from the Dorchester families were dis- 
played; the " Candle-light Teas " at the home 
of the Regent, when the guests appeared in 
quaint and attractive costumes of the days 

of long ago, and thus by the soft 4ight of 
the candles and the cheer of the blazing 
wood fires, were reminded of the old-fash- 
ioned customs and traditions. 

On March 18, 1911, the First Free School 
Society, C. A. R., was organized through the 
efiForts of the Regent. 

The Chapter has observed its patriotic 
duty in locating and marking graves of Revo- 
lutionary soldiers. In this connection, in- 
teresting exercises were held on Memorial 
Day, 1912, at the grave of Robert Pond, in 
the old cemetery at Franklin; on Flag Day, 
1913, at the grave of Lieutenant Thomas 
Whitman, in the beautiful old cemetery at 
Stow; on Flag Day, 1914, at the grave of 
David Clapp, in the old North Cemetery at 
Dorchester, and on July 10, 1916, at the tomb 
of Edward Blake, in the ancient cemetery on 
Boston Common. These occasions were 
marked by interesting addresses and exercises. 

In 1914 the Chapter's ever-busy Regent 
designed a Dorchester souvenir spoon, with 
engraved cutting of the Blake House, 
Dorchester Seal and other emblematic sym- 
bols. These beautiful spoons have been sold 
for the benefit of the Chapter treasury, and 
have often been used as presentation gifts to 
visiting guests and others whom the Chapter 
desired to honor. 

The Chapter has been fortunate in having 
for its Regent one who is actively interested 
in patriotic and philanthropic work. Under 
Mrs. Rand's devoted leadership, the Chapter 
has increased in membership, has strength- 
ened and broadened its lines of work and 
met the calls of each succeeding year with 
the hearty cooperation of its members. 

The Chapter has endeavored to fulfill all 
requirements in the departments of welfare 
work, patriotic education, historical research, 
conservation and war relief; also the later 
subjects of international relations and Ameri- 
canization. It has not failed to recognize 
its position as a unit in the National Society, 
and has met its obligations iii every call for 
the benefit of Memorial Continental Hall. It 
has responded to many calls at home and 






abroad in patriotic and charitable causes, 
sending each year regular contributions to 
Martha Berry School in Georgia, to the In- 
ternational College at Springfield, and in 
other channels of patriotic education. It has 
not forgotten the nearer philanthropic 
schools and other welfare work, as is shown 
by its regular contributions to Daily Vaca- 
tion Bible School, Fathers' and Mothers' 
Club and to the Needlework Guild of America. 

The work of war relief met with a ready 
response from the members, and reports 
show that the Chapter met all requirements 
of the National and State War Relief Com- 
mittees, D. A. R. 

It is worthy of note that the Regent or- 
ganized the Red Cross work in Dorchester, 
and that six of the members had charge of 
active Red Cross units during the war. 

( Mrs.) Carrie M. W. Weis, 

Letitia Green Stevenson Chapter (Bloom- 
ington. 111.) combined the celebration of Flag 
Day with the marking of a spot of much his- 

toric interest in the county. Mrs. Fred 
Carrithers. a member of the Chapter, 
was the charming hostess of the occasion 
at her country place, Havenhurst, some 
eight miles north of the city. The land 
upon which this country home is located was 
procured from the Government in 1829 by 
Mrs. Carrithers' paternal grandfather. His 
home occupied a position farther north than 
the present hospitable building which, with 
its wide verandas, was erected by Hiram 
Havens, father of the present owner. The 
Indian village occupied the tract of wood- 
land across the road and directly west of the 
present residence. 

Two features of the Chapter's business ses- 
sion are worthy of mention : Mrs. H. C. Rollins 
presented the Chapter with the gold bar pin, 
now worn only by the presiding Regent. It 
was gracefully accepted by Mrs. George 
Monroe, who, in turn, in a neat speech, pre- 
sented it to Mrs. J. W. Riggs, the newly in- 
stalled Regent. 

A letter was read from the former Captain 
of the recently disbanded Company M (Home 




Guards), in which he begged the privilege of 
returning to the Daughters the beautiful silk 
flag which had been presented by the Chapter 
to his Company upon its organization. The flag 
was formally accepted and was used throughout 
the program and dedication ceremonies. 

The business session completed, the Chapter 
enjoyed " Barbara Frietchie " as it is set to 
music and sung by Miss Gladys Simms, of 
Pontiac. Miss Simms later delighted her 
hearers with two Indian songs, " By Weeping 
Waters," and " By the Waters of Monatonga." 

Mrs. Charles Capen, in her paper on " Indians 
in McLean County," painted a vivid picture of 
the Red man of the County in pioneer days 
and showed much careful study of In- 
dian history. 

Upon completion of the program the mem- 
bers repaired to the lawn, and gathered in 
groups under the trees and by the roadside 
around the boulder. As the covering was drawn 
aside, revealing the boulder, Mrs. Capen, as 
Chairman of the Committee on Historic Spots, 
introduced Mrs. Carrithers, the speaker of the 
occasion, as follows : 

" As Chairman of the Committee marking his- 
toric spots, it is a great pleasure to introduce 
Mrs. Fred A. Carrithers. 

" It is to her the thought and inspiration of 
the present occasion are due, and through her 
some interesting traditions are preserved. We 
honor her work, share in her enthusiasm, and 
thank her for her gracious hospitality." 

Mrs. Carrithers' interesting paper, delivered 
without manuscript, had an added charm for 
her hearers from the fact that much of its sub- 
stance was received by her when a child of tender 
years from the lips of her father, as he built a 
playhouse for her and her little playmate out of 
an old stump on the site of the ancient village. 

Mr. George Monroe closed the ceremonies by 
reciting " A Tribute to the Flag." 

The formal ceremonies over, the members and 
their families to the number of 125, gathered 
about the long table spread under the ancient 
wind-swept poplars on the lawn and enjoyed a 
picnic supper. 

Following this, the company wandered over the 
site of the ancient village, visited the garden, en- 
joying the fragrance from the blossoms of the 
Richmond rose-bush planted in 1829 and the 
shade from the apple tree of equal age. 
whose spread of branches now covers seven- 
eighths of an acre. 

At a late hour the members sped homeward, 
voting the occasion one of the most enjoyable 
of recent years. Eugenie M. Bradley, 


Martha Washington Chapter (Sioux City, 
Iowa) has held nine regular meetings with 

an average attendance of 25. On May 21, 1919, 
we gave an informal reception at the home of 
our Regent, Mrs. Rose E. Chapman, for the 
visiting Daughters of the American Revolution 
who were also members of the P. E.G., then 
holding a convention in our city. 

A play, " Fifi," was given on this date for 
the benefit of the National Soldiers' and 
Sailors' Aid Association. 

Twelve have been elected to membership in 
the Chapter and three received by transfer. 

Mrs. A. E. Line and Mrs. Robt. Orcutt gave 
15 talks on Open-air Schools before the dif- 
ferent clubs of the city and obtained the 
promise of the local School Board to establish 
such a school next September. 

The Chapter furnished each member with a 
copy of the National Constitution. It con- 
tributed $21 for Serbian outfit and $2.50 for the 
marking of historic spots. Throughout the 
year several interesting papers were read 
on Americanization, Immigration, and Pa- 
triotic Education. 

Washington's Birthday was celebrated by 
a party in honor of the husbands of Chap- 
ter members. 

During the year two barrels and a box of 
clothing were sent to the Dorothy Sharp 
School in North Carolina. 

On March 9th the Chapter presented silk 
American flags to all the men of foreign birth 
who were naturalized then. Forty-five sets of 
Service Papers were sent to the husbands, 
sons and brothers of members who partici- 
pated in the World War. 

Delegates to the State Conference were Mrs. 
R. H. Munger, Mrs. George H. Bliven, Mrs. 
C. E. Snyder and Mrs. A. E. Line; and those 
to the National Conference were Mrs. E. R.. 
Chapman, Mrs. R. H. Munger, Mrs. G. H. 
Bliven, Mrs. Helen S. Burton, Airs. G. S. 
Parker, and Miss Dorothy Chapman. Miss 
Chapman was one of the Pages at the Conti- 
nental Congress. 

One of our Members, Miss Edna Sedgwick, 
was a Red Cross nurse in the A. E. F. during 
the World War, and is now in the reconstruc- 
tion work in this country. 

Martha Washington Chapter was 100 per 
cent, on the Americanization Fund of the In- 
ternational College, having given 50 cents per 
member. Mrs. A. E. Line also gave an addi- 
tional $50 to this fund. The money was found 
in the pockets of the uniform of her soldier 
son who died in France. 

On April 29th, Mrs. W. M. Orcutt, Chairman 
of the Flag Committee, in a very appropriate 
speech, presented the Central High School 
with an Iowa State Flag. 

Fannie Kellogg Line, 
Recording Secretary. 



William Henshaw Chapter (Martinsburg, 
W. Va.) during the years 1918, 1919 and 
1920 has filled its pages with many events of 
activity and interest. We have held regular 
monthly meetings which have been well at- 
tended, and a gratifying and increasing interest 
has been shown in chapter work and plans 
for future work through the two years. We 
have a membership now of 63. Thirty-four of 
these members have been received by us, 
and placed on our roll since March, 1918, under 
the Regency of Mrs. Stuart W. Walker. The 
Regent has appointed the following Commit- 
tees with an acting Chairman for each one : 
Historic Spots Committee, Patriotic Edu- 
cation, Records and Relics, Americaniza- 
tion, Auditing, Magazine, Better Films, Thrift 
and Conservation. 

All of these have done something toward 
the betterment of conditions in their particular 
line of work, some of them a great deal. The 
Patriotic Education Committee awards prizes 
to high school students each year for the best 
essays on subjects selected by the Committee. 
In 1919 the subject was "How We Have Car- 
ried on Since George Washington's Time." 
In 1920 the subject was the "Monroe Doc- 
trine." This Committee also unites its efforts 
with the Y. M. C. A. in the work of Americani- 
zation. The members of the Chapter worked 
untiringly in all phases of war work, such as 
Red Cross, Sewing and Knitting, and the Lib- 
erty Loan Drives. We secured a total of 
$323,050 in Liberty Loans, not to mention our 
full quota to the National Loan Assessment and 
Tilloloy, as well as to Belgian and Armenian 
calls for relief, and in October, 1918, the Chap- 
ter voted to adopt a French war orphan. The 
funds for the orphan were raised by a special 
moving-picture film called " America's An- 
swer," by which $93 was realized. The fund 
was increased by a Silver Tea held at the 
home of the Regent during the holiday season. 
This was an occasion of much pleasure to all 
who attended, and a splendid musical program 
was rendered. The orphan was impersonated 
by a beautiful child of one of the members. 

Twelve graves of Revolutionary soldiers 
have been located by the Chairman of the 
Historic Spots Committee. The Chapter has 
held many historic meetings during these two 
years, first of which was a delightful picnic 
held in September, 1918, at the old Tuscarora 
Church, four miles from the city, said to be 
the oldest church in the Shenandoah Valley. 
In March, 1918, we listened to a most interest- 
ing paper on the heroic lives of many Revo- 
lutionary women, prepared and read by a 
member. On April S, 1919, we celebrated the 
20th anniversary of the Chapter and Miss 
Silver, who had been Regent for 14 years, 

gave an interesting paper on its early history. 
In October, 1918, at the suggestion of the Re- 
gent, a paper on International Relations was 
prepared by the Historian and dealt on Czecho- 
slovak nations and their history and hardships. 

The Chapter has, at the suggestion of the 
Regent, purchased a gavel for our State Re- 
gent, which was presented in April at Memorial 
Continental Hall. This is an interesting 
souvenir, and is inscribed as follows : " West 
Virginia State Regent, D. A. R., from William 
Henshaw Chapter, April, 1920. Made from 
Flagpole of Historic Memory. First Erected 
over Memorial Continental Hall." 

The Chapter has taken part in all celebra- 
tions of national and local occasions, foremost 
among which was a float in the Home-coming 
Celebration for our soldiers and sailors in 
the World War, on July 4, 1919. The float was 
a clever representation of the " Spirit of '76 " 
and the " Spirit of '19." 

An annual sermon is preached on the second 
Sunday in December, and in 1918 Doctor 
Hamill, of Trinity Church, M. E. South, 
preached a carefully prepared and enlightening 
sermon, on the " Origin of the National 
Society," together with a history of the 
William Henshaw Chapter. On Washington's 
Birthday, 1920, Doctor Taylor, of the Baptist 
Church, preached an inspiring sermon. His 
subject was " Our Memorials." Copies of these 
sermons are preserved among the Chapter's 
valued papers. 

In November, 1919, the State Conference was 
entertained by our Chapter, a description of 
which by the State Historian has already been 
published, in Daughters of the American 
Revolution Magazine. By this meeting our 
members were inspired with new vigor and 
renewed efforts toward patriotic endeavor, 
and to sustain the high ideals held up before 
us by our splendid National and State officers. 
Mrs. Paul H. Teal, 


Ann Whitall Chapter (Woodbury, N. J.). 
An impressive ceremony took place on 
June 27th at the unveiling of a bronze tablet, 
in honor of William Stokes Bonsai, in the 
Presbyterian Church of Woodbury. 

The tablet was placed on the wall by the 
Ann Whitall Chapter, of which his mother is a 
member. The church was decorated with crim- 
son rambler roses, and filled with invited 
guests and town's people. Seats were reserved 
for the family, Stokes Bonsai Post of the 
American Legion, Sons of the Revolution 
and our Chapter. 

During the singing of " Onward, Christian 
Soldiers," the guard of honor, three young men 
in their uniforms representing the army, navy 





r\ I 



and marines, marched into the church, followed 
by the color-bearers of the Chapter, Miss Ellen 
Matlock and Mrs. Ogden, two ex- Regents; then 
our Regent, Mrs. J. J. Summerill, with Mrs. 
W. D. Sherred, of Haddonfield, Vice President 
General of the N. S. D. A. R., and after them, the 
officers and members of the Chapter. The guard 
of honor took their places by the tablet and stood 
at attention during the ceremony. The color- 
bearers had our 
beautiful flags on 
either side of 
them. The audi- 
ence joined in 
the Lord's Prayer, 
which was fol- 
lowed by a few 
passages of 
Scripture, read 
by Rev. Edward 
Dillon. Then, un- 
veiling of the tab- 
let by Lieutenant 
Vaughn Merrick, 
who enlisted with 
Lieutenant Bonsai 
and was with him 
until the end. The 
Stokes Bonsai 
Post placed a 
beautiful wreath 
of palms on the 
tablet, and it was 
formally pre- 
s e n t e d to the 
church by our 
Regent in behalf 
of the Ann Whit- 
all Chapter and 
accepted by an 
Elder on behalf 
of the church. 
This was followed 
by a pathetic ad- 
dress by Lieuten- 
ant Merrick. The singing of " Mine Eyes Have 
Seen the Glory of the Coming of the Lord," 
seemed fitting after the touching story. Rev. 
Capt. Chas. B. Dubell, who went over with the 
boys, gave a word-picture of life over there. 

The singing of the " Star-Spangled Banner," 
and the benediction by Rev. Dubell closed the 
impressive service, which will linger long in 
the minds and hearts of those present. 

(Mrs. John T.) A. M. Frazee, 


Santa Ana Chapter (Santa Ana, Calif.) 
was organized March 11, 1916. Mrs. A. J. 
Crookshank was elected our first Regent and 
reelected three terms. At the first regular 


JUL^' 7,1896^ 

: - MARNE 









1920 ^ 


meeting our Chapter had only 16 members, 
and no funds, but we unanimously agreed to 
subscribe our Chapter's allotment of $1.25 
toward payment for one foot of land at Wash- 
ington, D. C, for our National Society. 

The World War work was our only recog- 
nized duty during that period. Our Chapter 
was 100 per cent, in Red Cross membership 
and several of our members held responsible 

official positions 

— ■ ■ ■ ■ during the entire 

._ ^ ^^.^j. ^(.j-jyjtjgs All 

were too busy to 
keep an accurate 
record of gar- 
ments made and 
other work done, 
but it was second 
to none, compara- 
tively. Our Chap- 
ter furnished 
material and sent 
out the first com- 
plete Red Cross 
Box dispatched 
from Santa Ana. 
We were among 
the first to adopt 
a French War 
Orphan, and we 
still support one. 
We bought a $50 
Liberty Bond and 
the individual 
members bought 
thousands of dol- 
lars worth ; also 
many War Sav- 
ings Stamps. 

Our member- 
ship has increased 
steadily until now 
we have about 
fifty members. 
has been our main work since the Armistice, 
as we have a large Mexican population (and 
other aliens also) here. The Mexican 
problem is a hard one to solve, owing to 
their own peculiar national traits of prejudice 
and distrust of each other, as well as dislike of 
the " Gringo " (Americans). We have to com- 
bat the impressions that they have absorbed 
from their associates in saloons and pool- 
rooms, etc., such places being almost the kin- 
dergarten teaching of all foreigners of their 
first ideas of American affairs. What substi- 
tute have we ready to offer them for relaxation 
and enjoyment? How much of their illiteracy 
and bad citizenship is due to our own stupidity? 
We work mostly through the school children. 



Our Chapter this last year presented two 
schools for Mexican children with large Ameri- 
can flags. We had Christmas entertainments, 
refreshments and gifts, etc., for the children, 
while sewing and cooking classes have been 
started for the Mexican mothers. We have 
furnished a nice little " Mothers' room " at one 
of the Mexican schools. This year we have 
taken up the work of interesting our newly 
admitted citizens and their families in better 
American ideals. At each naturalization class, 
the D.A.R. Committee takes part in the exer- 
cises and each new citizen is welcomed and 
presented with a small silk American flag, a 
booklet of " Flag Rules and Observances," and 
a " My America " button. 

Our Chapter is 100 per cent, in the Tilloloy 
and National Liberty Bond Funds. Several 
members subscribe for our Daughters of 
THE American Revolution Mag.\zine, and the 
Chapter subscribes for a copy for our City 
Public Library. We believe it would add un- 
told value to our efficiency if it were strictly 
obligatory to every member holding any official 
position even as a committee member, to be 
a subscriber to our official magazine., 

We as a Chapter are very happy because we 
had our Regent, Mrs. W. E. Otis, and our 
delegate, Mrs. J. N. Bartholomew, and Mrs. 
Otis's daughter, Mrs. Spurance, as one of 
the Pages at the last Continental Congress. 
Our Chapter meetings are full of interest and 
well attended. This last year v^^e gave a 
gold medal to the high school for the best 
essay on " Our Duty to the Flag," and a 
silver medal to the intermediate school, for 
the best essay on " Patriotism through Service." 

We have an Honor Roll of 14 names of those 
in War Service, near relatives of our mem- 
bers. All returned safely to home and friends. 
Six of the 14 are in one family. We, as a 
chapter, are much interested in the George, Jr., 
Republic, near Chino, Los Angeles County. We 
have contributed money and Christmas remem- 
brances each year as a token of our good will 
and intense interest in their great work. This 
year we contributed to the Flag fund for the 
Legion of Honor. One of our members is 
the author of the booklet, " Proper Flag 
Usage " ; that we give each newly admitted 
citizen at all the Naturalization exercises at the 
Court House. Our members are wideawake 
and sympathetic in all our various activities, 
and during our summer vacation all look 
eagerly forward to the Chapter opening in 
October. Our new Regent is Mrs. Campau 
and we are anticipating a worthwhile record 
of our next year's work. 

Flora M. M. Pyle, 


Pilgrim Chapter (Iowa City, Iowa). Ten 
meetings of the Pilgrim Chapter, Iowa City, 
Iowa, were held in 1919. The average attend- 
ance was 27, including visitors, 31. 

The programs have dealt with Americaniza- 
tion in several phases. Doctor Heard gave a 
talk on the social morale of the Y.W.C.A. ; 
Doctor Clark-Mighell told about her work 
among the Mexicans ; and at the February meet- 
ing, Mrs. Hunt reviewed Drinkwater's " Lin- 
coln " and read extracts from it. 

We have revised our constitution to conform 
to the newest state model. We were repre- 
sented at the State Conference by the Regent 
and two delegates. The Chapter assisted at the 
supper for soldiers on Armistice Day. Two 
members of the Chapter are supporting a 
Serbian orphan. One outfit of clothing was 
made for a Serbian girl. One box of clothing 
and two boxes of shoes have been sent to the 
Helen Dunlap Memorial School. The medal 
for excellence in American History was given 
to Emily Elizabeth Gross, of Keokuk, a negro 
girl, who, since her graduation, has been teach- 
ing at Wilberforce. 

Other contributions have been as follows : 

Piney Woods School $10.00 

International College for Aliens 10.00 

Helen Dunlap Memorial School 10.00 

Dorothy Sharp School 4.05 

Philippine Scholarship 5.00 


For Americanization 40.00 

Near-East Relief 10.00 

Individual Members have given to the 
Near-East Relief $60 and to the French 
Orphans $364. 

Five members have been added, two of them 
by transfer; one member was dropped 
at her own request; one was transferred 
to another Chapter. Our present member- 
ship is 83. 

Zada M. Cooper, 
Recording Secretary. 

Lucinda Hinsdale Stone Chapter (Kala- 
mazoo, Mich.). Keeping before us the watch- 
word of the National Society for this year, 
Lucinda Hinsdale Stone Chapter has accom- 
plished splendid results in " Americanization." 

Our special committee consisted of Mrs. 
W. A. Stone, chairman for Citizenship; Mrs. 
Kleinstueck and Mrs. John R. Hunter, chair- 
men for Social Service; and Mrs. Floyd R. 
Olmsted, chairman for Patriotic Education. 
This committee worked in connection with 
the Americanization League of the city. Our 
newly made citizens were especially consid- 




ered in this work. On October 3d, when one 
group were taking their final papers, a com- 
mittee of Daughters attended to greet the 
men and their wives, who had been invited 
by the Daughters to be present. Judge 
Weimer gave a short talk on " American- 
ism." Every man was presented with an 
American flag and a Flag Code, and the 
American's Creed. In April, when the sec- 
ond group were sworn in, the Daughters 
served coffee and sandwiches and gave each 
new voter a Flag and Code and Ameri- 
can's Creed. 

The Social Service Section of the Com- 
mittee, assisted by other members, made 
personal calls on every one of the 96 new 
voters' families, and on Washington's Birth- 
day distributed fine pictures of Washington 
to them. Copies of the Constitution have 
been given to every man who is about to take 
his final papers In March, also in Novem- 
ber, greetings were sent from the Chapter 
urging each one to be sure to register in 
order to vote at the coming election. On 
Constitution Day, 400 copies of the Consti- 
tution were distributed among the school 
children and 24 large posters were placed in 
prominent places, such as the Y. W. C. A., 
Y. M. C. A., railway stations, banks, etc. 
Invitations were sent to each new citizen to 
join in the Americanization League program 
given on Washington's Birthday. 

The Patriotic Education Committee con- 
ducted an essay contest in the public schools. 
Three thousand five hundred children par- 
ticipated, and six prizes, amounting to $25 
were given by the Chapter. 

The Children and Sons of the Republic 
work, practical Americanization, which the 
Daughters have conducted for many years, 
has continued under the devoted club chair- 
men. One new club was formed of older 
members of the Minute Alen. They chose to 
name their club in honor of our heroic 
Colonel, who gave his life in the great war, 
" Colonel Joseph Westnedge." Instead of 
giving the annual Washington's Birthday 
luncheon, the Chapter entertained the Gen- 
eral William Inness Club in honor of all the 
boys who served in the World War. We 
are very proud to say there were 32 of them, 
a practical demonstration of the results of 
our patriotic club work. Greetings were 
given by our State Regent, Miss Alice 
McDuffee, and by our Chapter Regent, Mrs. 
Charles Wilbur. Each of the boys told his 
experience, and a number mentioned the 
training in our clubs as having been a real 
help in the examinations in the Army 
and Navy. 

The Chapter meetings for the year were 

pleasanth^ inaugurated by a reception for 
new members at the home of our Regent, 
Mrs. Charles T. Wilbur. An address was 
given by our State Regent, Miss Alice Louise 
McDuffee, whom we have the honor to claim 
as a member of the Lucinda Hinsdale Stone 
Chapter. An honor guest of the afternoon 
was Airs. Henry E. Hoyt, who was celebrat- 
ing her eighty-seventh birthday. Reports of 
the delegates to the State Conference were 
given at the November meeting. They were 
full of suggestions and inspiration for the year's 
work. Our committee under Mrs. George L. 
Irvine arranged a splendid series of programs. 

Our exchequer has been well taken care of 
this year by the Ways and Means Commit- 
tee. Rummage sales, food sales, a card party 
and a holiday ball were successfully conducted. 

To every call of our National Board and 
of our State Board, Lucinda Hinsdale Stone 
has responded generously and willingly. 
(Mrs. Howell) Anna Mae Coleman, 


St. Louis Chapter (St. Louis, Mo.). March 
2. 1920, being the twenty-fifth year of the life 
of this Chapter, it was celebrated by a silver 
anniversary luncheon at the Missouri Ath- 
letic Association, at which 287 guests were 
entertained. An enjoyable program of music 
and toasts was given, setting forth in concise 
form the history and progress of the Chap- 
ter, our Treasurer, Mrs. Robert Brooks, act- 
ing as toastmistress. A hymn " To St. Louis- 
Chapter," written by a former Regent, Mrs. 
Brookmire, now deceased, was set to music 
and sung by Mrs. Charles Allen in honor of 
the occasion. A large birthday cake had the 
place of honor before the presiding Regent, 
Mrs. Wilson Keyser. 

The visiting Regents of the nine chapters 
which have been formed by former members 
of the mother chapter, the St. Louis, each 
responded to roll call with beautiful short 
addresses, concluding with the blowing out 
of a candle. The Registrar, Mrs. Arthur 
Wilson, reports a membership of 397. This 
year has seen an initial work begun in the 
Chapter in the issuing of a year book to its 
members, this being a silver anniversary gift 
from our Regent. The program for this 
booklet was compiled by the Program Com- 
mittee, of which the Historian is chairman. 

The Polish choir singers, a Russian vio- 
linist, and solos by young girls of foreign 
birth proved of much interest, as did also the 
address on " Immigration," by Mrs. Gushing, 
a woman of keen intelligence, who has given 
the subject much thought. She, I will add, 
has a son invalided in the late war, at Walter 
Reed Hospital, in Washington. These 



two programs seemed to stand out above 
all others. 

Missouri Day, in October, was anxiously 
awaited, as the play, " Balance of Power in 
Missouri," written by Mrs. Ed. Walsh, one 
of the Program Committee, taught the 
women how to vote on November 2nd. 

The $800 which the Chapter loaned to the 
Federal Board for Vocational Training for 
reconstruction and rehabilitation of disabled 
soldiers, is a revolving fund, and as it returns 
to the Chapter will be applied to the estab- 
lishment of a scholarship in some mission 
school, to be known as the Mary Alice Booth 
Scholarship. This is in honor of Mrs. John 
N. Booth, who is honorary Regent as well 
as charter member of the Chapter. Much 
of the success of the Chapter is due Mrs. 
Booth through her inspiration and efifort. 
Our Ozark Scholarship, to which we give 
$100 annually, is very dear to her heart. 

The St. Louis society, Children of the 
American Revolution, has an enrolment of 
nearly one hundred. This society is divided 
into Seniors (children over 13 years), and 
Juniors (children under 13 years). They 
usually hold four to six meetings a year. 
Washington's Birthday the Society joined 
with the S. O. R. and D. A. R. in patriotic 
services at the M. E. Church. This service 
is held annually. Miss Edna Newcomb is 
President of the C. A. R. and a member of 
St. Louis Chapter. 

Mrs. Ben F. Gray, one of our ex-Regents, 
is chairman of the Memorial Honor Roll 
Tablet and Mortality Committee. Tablets 
are to be placed in Jefferson Memorial Build- 
ing. One hundred and twenty-seven dollars 
was given by St. Louis Chapter to cover the 
cost of one tablet. Mrs. Gray only can tell 
of the hours spent in doing this work. A 
metal roll containing the names, among other 
documents to be preserved, was placed under 
the cornerstone of the monument lately dedi- 
cated to the American Legion in Memo- 
rial Cemetery. 

The Chapter has assisted in placing a 
D. A. R. in the Old Folks Home; pays $10 
annually to the Visiting Nurse Association; 
also pays annually for the support of five 
French orphans, and contributes to the re- 
construction of the French village, Tilloloy. 

Mrs. W. P. Nelson, one of our Chapter 
members, having stood head of the Ameri- 
canization Lecture Class in the city, is teach- 
ing in the homes of the foreign women. Our 
Chapter has subscribed $30 a month for sus- 
taining such a trained teacher in this work. 
An emergency fund has been established 
during the year for the maintenance of spe- 
cial work along these lines, not already pro- 

vided for in the budget of the Chapter. The 
Board members contributed about $150 as a 
nucleus to this fund. Mrs. A. V. L. Brokaw 
is chairman of this fund. 

Reconstruction, immigration and Ameri- 
canization have kept the heart, mind and 
hands busy during the year, everyone willing 
to do her share. The Chapter stands ready, 
strongly welded together, for any undertak- 
ing which may present itself in the future. 
(Mrs. John D.) C.'\rolyn Warner AIarshall, 


Ashley Chapter (Cedar Rapids, Iowa). A 
successful and satisfactory year's work was 
brought to a close June 14th, when a short 
business meeting was held in connection with 
the Flag Day Picnic at Bever Park. Our 
Chapter is an active one, and always on the 
alert to help do the work that now more than 
ever before all true Daughters should be 
interested in. We are steadily growing in 
size, having 132 members. 

Much interest is taken in the affairs of the 
Chapter, which assures a good average at- 
tendance at the regular meetings. Our spe- 
cial meetings the past year were three. Guest 
Day was held at the home of Mrs. Dawley, 
when Miss Jessie Hastings, of the Extension 
Department of the State University, spoke 
on " Americanization," and Mrs. Isaac Pres- 
ton sang a group of songs. Washington's 
Birthday was celebrated with a banquet at 
St. Paul Church, February 23d, to which the 
husbands were invited. Mr. H. E. Moss, of 
the Greater Iowa Association, was the 
speaker. The annual sermon was preached 
by the Rev. A. E. Magary, of the First Pres- 
byterian Church. He paid a great tribute to 
the Daughters, and spoke especially of the 
good work they are doing. On Flag Day 
we held our annual picnic. 

Our Regent, Mrs. F. E. Stull, is an untiring 
worker, and had the hearty cooperation of 
all her committees, which almost at the 
beginning assures a Chapter good results. 

Realizing how much benefit we derive 
from the reports brought us from both State 
and National Conference, we are always rep- 
resented at these, and thus kept well in- 
formed and filled with ambition to do not 
only our bit, but our best. 

Knowing that we must have money to 
accomplish the many things we wished to do, 
the Ways and Means Committee began early 
in the year and September 20th held a baking 
sale, which netted $33.35. On October 14th 
a card party was given, which added $17.15, 
then a rummage sale held January 17th 
brought $88.89. Another baking sale, April 




17th, from which $24.25 was realized, which 
enabled the Committee to report $164.64 raised. 

Much credit is due Mrs. Jennie I. Berry, 
chairman of the Committee on Patriotic Edu- 
cation, Americanization, Philippine Scholar- 
ship and Allied Relief. The following is a 
part of their report: 

Copies of Constitution presented new citi- 
zens, 9; copies of Constitution posted in 
public places, 3; copies American's Creed 
presented new citizens, 9; copies American's 
Creed distributed to schools, 160; small flags 
given to new citizens, 9; silk flags, staffs and 
standards to pupils of night classes, 2; num- 
ber of patriotic contents arranged, 1; boxes 
of clothing, Martha Berry School, with 121 
garments, 1; number patriotic programs held, 
1. Recommended for scholarship: Berry 
School, $50; Sharpe School, $5; Philippine, 
$5; International College, $110. Recom- 
mended: Furnishing Serbian orphan outfit, 1. 

The Chapter expended for patriotic work 
on recommendation of this Committee: 
Scholarships: $60; training foreign girls to 
do Americanization work, $100; supplies for 
distribution, $11.22; furnishing Serbian 
orphan outfit, $9.15. Total, $183.93. 

Mrs. Ives, chairman of the Magazine Com- 
mittee, is a faithful worker, ever reminding 
the members of the benefit derived from 
the perusal of this Daughters of the 
American Revolution Magazine, and reports 
24 subscribers. 

(Mrs. R. Lee) Mary Winter Taylor, 
Corresponding Secretary. 

Elizabeth Harrison Chapter (Bethany, 
Mo.) was organized October 23, 1913, with 
12 members. We now have 35 members and 
two pending. Our Chapter held 10 regular 
meetings and one special meeting in honor 
of Miss Bess Vandivert, a former member, 
who is now teaching Americanism in Seattle, 
Wash. She gave us a very interesting 
and instructive talk on her work among 
the foreigners. 

On Washington's Birthday we had a social 
day with a most delightful luncheon, given 
by the members at the home of Mrs. Harriet 
Wilson. The house was handsomely deco- 
rated with the National colors, the members 
wore caps and fichus of Colonial times, and 
an interesting program was rendered. About 
fifty members and guests were present. We 
have welcomed seven new members during 
the year. One birth, a baby girl, came to 
bless the home of one of our members Janu- 
ary 2, 1920. Our Chapter gave $10 toward 
Americanization. We have seven subscribers 
to the Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion Magazine. The interest of our Chapter 

has been maintained throughout the year, 
and much interest and enthusiasm in our 
patriotic program. 

(Mrs. G. W.) Elizabeth Barlow, 


Atlanta Chapter (Atlanta, Ga.) The 162d 
birthday of General Lafayette was observed 
on September 6, 1920, by our Chapter at 
Craigie House, Mrs. Charles Rice, chairman. 
The members of the Joseph Habersham and 
Piedmont Continental Chapters were invited 
guests for the afternoon. A representative 
audience assembled to honor this French- 
American hero. 

Craigie House was artistically decorated 
with crepe myrtle, which is a Colonial flower, 
and figured in the romances and decorations 
of the days of the Colonies, together with 
quantities of graceful, snowy French clematis. 
Brilliant bits of color were added by grouping 
the Allied flags and a prominent display of a 
handsome silk flag of the French Republic. 

Many historic meetings have been held 
within this Chapter House: The first French 
Independence Day in Georgia was observed 
by Atlanta Chapter, the only Italy Day cele- 
bration in Georgia was fittingly recognized 
by Atlanta Chapter, and the first public 
peace celebration in Georgia was held at 
Craigie House. 

Septeinber 6th was a great day on which 
to celebrate French victory and American 
victory, but above all the victory of liberty. 
We love France because her history is the 
history of civilization, because her country 
is the birthplace of modern democracy, 
because of her three words — Liberty — Equal- 
ity — Fraternity. 

The American Revolution produced two 
world citizens of a distinct type — Washing- 
ton and Lafayette. 

The program was as follows: 
The Lord's Prayer 
National Creed 

Marseillaise Mrs. L. T. Stallings 

Ode to France Mrs. C. B. Walker 

Music Mrs. L. T. Stallings 

The Chivalry of Lafayette. . Mrs Charles Rice 

Lafayette — nans voulo>is ..Mrs. J. P. Womble 

The Star-Spangled Banner 

Salute to the Flag 

Mrs. Charles F. Rice. 

Triangle Chapter (North East, Pa.) re- 
ports a present membership of 42. Five 
members have been admitted during the year 
and as many more have made out application 
blanks, which have been forwarded to 

On January 30, 1920, we sent a barrel of 



clothing for the relief of Polish war sufferers. 
In February, 1920, the sum of $25 was given 
toward the buying of books for the McCord 
Library of North East. In March, 1920, we 
gave $18 toward the buying of furniture for 
the clubroom of the American Legion here. 
On November 17, 1919, we gave an evening's 
entertainment by which we raised the sum 
of $110, which was applied to the support of 
the night school of the Americanization work. 

On June 7, 1920, was given an entertain- 
ment marking the completion of the first 
year's Americanization work, started by the 
members of Triangle Chapter. Mrs. George 
E. Pierce, Regent of our Chapter, presided 
at the meeting, and seated on the platform 
with her was the night-school teacher, Airs. 
A. H. Olson, who so ably conducted the 
work. The speaker of the evening was Mr. 
H. E. Stone, Director of Americanization 
work in the Erie schools, and our Italian 
Band furnished music for the occasion. 

The meeting opened by the singing of 
" America," a feature of the music being the 
clear, sweet voices of some of the small 
Italian boys, which could be distinctly heard 
above the voices of the audience. They knew 
all of the words, too. 

The speaker lauded the work done by the 
pupils and spoke many encouraging words 
for the work accomplished this first year. 
Mrs. Olson briefly told of the work done; 
how at first she simply talked to her pupils, 
all of whom were Italians and could under- 
stand more than they could themselves ex- 
press in words. Next they learned words, and 
then made sentences ; they then began to read in 
very easy books, progressing step by step. 

She presented the members of the class 
certificates, which were awarded for satis- 
factory work done. Each student had made 
out his first naturalization papers and one of 
them was among the 35 out of 200 applicants 
in Erie County to receive second naturaliza- 
tion papers. He worked extremely hard 
and was very happy over becoming a full- 
fledged American. 

The audience came forward to congratu- 
late each student at the close of the enter- 
tainment. Each man promised to bring 
another student next year. 

Judging from the happy looks of the pupils, 
we felt that our work was not in vain. Fol- 
lowing the entertainment we served the 
Italians ice cream, cake and cofifee, and a 
social time followed. 

Flag Day was celebrated at the home of 
one of our members, having as guests friends 
eligible for membership, and we were much 
gratified by several presenting requests for 
application blanks. 

The principal feature of the afternoon was 
a musical and literary program given by Mr. 
Frank Hannon, of Erie. 

Graves of Revolutionary soldiers have 
been located by the committee for same, tAz., 
Orange Spencer, 1765-1853, in North East 
Cemetery, and William Webster, 1759-1841, 
Grahamville Cemetery. 

D. A. R. markers and stone markers from 
the Quartermaster General of the Army have 
been ordered and will soon be placed. 

Our Chapter has also been successful in secur- 
ing the support of two French war orphans. 
Carrie E. Watt, 



Following" the business methods in 
vogue in the publication of The National 
Geographic Magazine, The Literary Di- 
gest, The Red Cross Junior News, and 
other nationally known periodicals, the 
National Society will discontinue send- 
ing receipts to individual subscribers 
to the Daughters of the American 
Revolution Magazine. 

Hereafter the receipt of the magazine 
by the subscriber will be an acknowl- 

edgement of the receipt of the subscrip- 
tion by the Treasurer General. 

Each magazine wrapper will bear, 
beside the name and address of the sub- 
scriber, the date of the expiration of the 
subscription. A record is kept of each 
subscription in the office of the 
Treasurer General, Memorial Conti- 
nental Hall, Washington. 

Lillian A. Hunter, 
Treasurer General, N. S. D. A. R. 


To Contributors — Please observe carefully the following rules : 

1. Names and dates must be clearly written or typewritten. Do not use pencil. 

2. All queries must be short and to the point. 

3. All queries and answers must be signed and sender's address given. 

4. In answering queries give date of magazine and number and signature of query. 

5. Only answers containing proof are requested. Unverified family traditions will not be 

All letters to be forwarded to contributors must be unsealed and sent in blank, stamped 
envelopes accompanied by the number of the query and its signature. The right is reserved 
to print information contained in the communication to be forwarded. 



Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 


6684. Montgomery-Houston. — In Jan.. 1782. 
Agnes Hugart m Rev. John Montgomery, b 
Dec. 5, 1753, d Feb. 1, 1818, son of Rev. John 
Montgomery, Sr., & Esther Houston. Agnes 
Hugart, b Jan. 14, 1762, d Feb., 1824. was the 
only child of Col. Thos. Hugart, who m March, 
1761, Rebecca Estill, dau of Capt. Wallace & 
Mary Bonde Estill. Thos. Hugart was ap- 
pointed Colonel of 2nd Division of Augusta Co. 
troops Sept. 12, 1780, & was at the surrender of 
Cornwallis. I have much data in regard to 
Samuel Montgomery & his w Magdalene Shook, 
who came from N. C. to Blount or Knox Co., 
Tenn., early in 1800 &. participated in the found- 
ing of the Seceeder Presbyterian Church. Can 
you give me anything concerning Samuel Mont- 
gomery & Magdalene Shook, probably m 1794? 
—Mrs. Reed Holloman, Santa Fe, N. M. 

7715a. Martin. — Thomas Martin, Rev sol- 
dier, m Susannah Walker in Goochland Co., 
Va. After his death his widow & ch moved to 
Ky. Many of their descendants are now living 
in Muhlenberg Co. & other parts of Ky. I can 
give considerable data, including Rev service. — 
Miss Irene D. Gallazvay, 628 W. Maple St., 
Fayetteville, Ark. 

8826. Wheeler-Rice. — John Wheeler, from 
Salisbury, England, was of Hampton, Mass., 
first. Received land Salisbury, Mass., 1641, m 

Anne , who d Newbury, Mass,, Aug. 15, 

1662. He d 1670. Eleven ch. Son Henry 
Wheeler m Abigail Allen abt 1659. He d at 
Salisbury, Mass., before 1696. Twelve ch. Son 

Henry Wheeler, b Apr. 13, 1659. m Rachel 
Squire, of Boston, b 1665. One child Rachel, b 
May 19, 1684, m Charles Rice. William Allen. 
Salisbury, Mass., m first Ann Goodale. dau of 
Richard Goodale, of Salisbury, from Yarmouth, 
Eng.. d Sept. or Oct., 1666. She d May. 1678, & 
he d Salisbury, June 8, 1686. Eleven ch. Dau 
Abigail b Jan. 4, 1639-40, m Henry Wheeler. 
George Ruggles, Boston, 1633-1670, w Elizabeth 

. Dau Rachel b Feb. 15. 1643. Baintree, 

Mass., m Philip Squire, who was in Boston 1670. 
Dau Rachel Squire, b 1665, m Henry Wheeler. 
References : Hoyt's Old Families of Salisbury 
and Amisbury. — Mrs. IV. F. Dunlap, Creo- 
sote, Wash. 

8828. Martin. — In a Portrait & Biographical 
Record of Lafayette and Saline Counties. Mo., 
by Chapman Bros., Chicago, printed 1893, is 
the following : " Our subject, Charles N. Alartin, 
was b in Shelby Co., Ky., Jan. 24, 1815. His 
paternal grandfather, Peter Martin, a native of 
Virginia, whose ancestors were originally from 
Holland, d at an advanced age in Shelby Co., 
Ky. His ch were Phoebe, Moses, Joseph, James, 
Abner & Peter, who was b in the Old Dominion, 
& when a boy removed with his parents to 
Shelby Co., Ky." Peter Martin m Sarah, dau 
of Micajah Neal, of Shelby Co., Ky., & had the 
following ch : Elijah, Micajah, John, Ira, 
Charles, Luther, Ambrose Dudley, Peter B., 
Eliza, Lucy and Sarah. Charles Martin m 
Levenia Sibley, dau of Gervas & Mary B. Sibley 
Smith, of Henry County, Kentucky. He died 
Feb. 11, 1906, and she died August 24, 1904. 
—Mrs. June Baker, R. R. No. 2, Napton, Mo. 



8834. Luke. — General Andrew Lewis, Sr., & 
his w Elizabeth Givens had only one dau Annie, 
who m Capt. Rowland Madison. Elizabeth 
Lewis was g-dau of Gen. Andrew Lewis, Sr. 
She was the dau of his oldest son, Capt. John 
Lewis, b about 1745, m Patsy Love, of Alexan- 
dria, Va. Elizabeth was the fourth child & only 
dau, she m three times. 1st John Luke, 2nd Mr. 
Ball, 3rd Alexander Keith Marshall. Issue 
Jane, who m Charles T. Marshall. Ref. 
" Lewis Genealogy. McAllister & Tandy.' 
Have a large amount of Lewis data & would be 
glad to correspond with E. E. L.^ — Mrs. H. L. 
Traber, Apt. 35, Manhattan Court, Musko- 
gee, Okla. 

8851. Harris. — Francis Ruffin, of Surry Co., 

Va., m first Jan. 14, 1775, & m his second 

w, Susanna Harris, Nov. 14, 1782. He was ap- 
pointed Member of the Committee of Safety 
May 8, 1775. The above data recorded by 
the Society of Colonial Dames of America in 
the State of Va., Feb., 1920.— M. D. R. M. 

8855. Davidson.— Mr. A. H. Davison, 1272 
E. 9th St., Des Moines, Iowa, is compiling sta- 
tistics on the Davidson, Davison genealogy. 
Robert Moore Davidson was the son of Thomas, 
•who m Jane Moore. His father was George, 
who m 1st Mary Alexander & 2nd Susanna 
Christie. — Mrs. W. B. Guy, 143 Spring St., 
Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 

8879 (a) Heidman. — In 14th annual Mo. 
State Conference, under Mexico, Mo. D. A. R. 
'Chapter, the name of John Adam Heidman, Pa., 
is given in their Honor Roll. Would suggest 
you write to Regent of said chapter as she may 
t)e able to put you in touch with member of 
Chapter who joined under the service of John 
Adam Heidman.— il/r.y. E. J. Kling, 802 W. 
Austin St., Nevada, Mo. 

8883. Houston. — John North m Jane Hous- 
ton McAlister, of McAlisterville, Perry Co., 
Pa. She was a dau of Hugh McAlister, b 1736, 
•& g-dau of Jane Houston, who was a dau of 
John Elliott. 

8887. Jackson-Jones. — James, b May 6, 1760, 
son of William & Nancy Jackson, m Sarah 
Smith, of Columbia Co., N. Y. They resided in 
Fairfield, Herkimer Co., N. Y. Ch : Timothy, b 
Sept. 5, 1782; Thomas, b Dec. 8, 1784, d Mar. 2, 
1863; Wm., Apr. 2, 1787; Nancy, b May 3, 1789; 
Isaac, b Aug. 7, 1791 ; Elovira, b Jan. 13, 1794, d 
Feb. 3, 1794; John M., b Dec. 3, 1795; Pamelia, 
ib June 25, 1798; Sally, b July 22, 1800, d May 
12, 1849; Rhoda, b June 20, 1804, d Sept. 19, 
1810; James, b Jan. 20, 1807. James Jackson 
was adjutant of the 9th Regt., N. Y., Levies' 2nd 
Claverack Battalion, Col. Peter Van Ness 
.commanding.^Mr.?. Geo. P. RockzveU, 56 Grove 
Hill, New Britain, Conn. 

Foster. — Mary, dau of Hugh & Mary 

Foster, b Acton, Mass., Sept. 27, 1743, m Capt. 
Gad Pierce. I found his record in Public 
Library, Colonial Sons. Capt. Gad Pierce, 
Stowe, Mass., private in Capt. Abijah Hall's Co., 
1759; in Colonel Wm. Brattles' Reg., 1760; cor- 
poral in Capt. Moses Hart's Co. ; Captain of 
Training Band. His father, Capt. Wm. Pierce, 
Stowe, Mass., was in Capt. Jonathan Burns' Co., 
1747; made captain 1754-56 in French and 
Indian Wars. His father, Joseph Pierce, of 
Watertown, was in King Philip's War. 

(a) Sibley. — Hannah, first child of Capt. 
Jonathan and Eunice Perkins Sibley, b at Sutton, 
Mass., Jan. 28, 1763, m John, first child of Capt. 
Gad & Mary Foster Pierce. Jonathan, third 
child of Gad & Mary Foster Pierce, m Huldah 
Sibley, sister of Hannah. For Capt. Jonathan 
Sibley's Rev record, write to Office of Secre- 
tary of State of Mass., Rev Archives ; refer to 
Vol. 43, page 223; Vol. 3, page 133; Vol. 23, 
page 46. I found the Pierce genealogy, Sutton 
Town History, which gives a brief genealogy of 
the Sibley family ; also the Royalston Town 
History giving an account of Capt. Jonathan 
Sibley, as one of the first settlers of Royalston 
in 1763. I can prove each statement made here 
by referring to the above books, also to Soldiers 
& Sailors of the American Revolution in Mass. 
— Mrs. Jessie Metcalf Jarvis, 21 Cross St., 
Keene, N. H. 

8902. White-Ruffin. — American Heraldic 
Art Co., 500 5th Ave., New York, send an inter- 
esting circular on the " White " line. They 
give Peregrine's mother as Susanna Fuller & 
state Resolved was born in Holland. — Miss Cora 
B. McMorrough, Lexington, Miss. 

8902. White. — William White m Susanna 
Fuller; after his death the widow, Susanna 
Fuller White, m Governor Edward Winslow as 
his second w ; his first w was Elizabeth Barker. 
The wedding of Gov. Winslow and Susanna 
White was the first in Plymouth. They had a 
son. Governor Josiah Winslow, & from this 
on down the Winslow line is clear in any refer- 
ence book. Eleanor Lexington collected all the 
data possible with references in her Winslow 
Genealogy. Have proved my line to Lieut. 
Nathaniel Winslow. Ref. : Radical Chart of 
Descendants of Kenel, Winslow through James 
Winslow, of Falmouth, Me., 1728, by David 
Parsons Holton, New York, found in Library 
of Congress, Amer. & English Genealogies, p. 
746. — Mrs. John T. Barbrick, 2405 Greenwood, 
Pueblo, Col. 

8909. Beall.— Zachariah Beall & his w Re- 
becca Tyson Beall are buried in Bethel Church- 
yard, Iredell Co., N. C, on the Turnersburg 
Road, some miles from Statesville. He was b 
July 17, 1742, & d 1817. She d Nov. 3, 1823, in 
her 71st year. (Tombstone records.) Their ch 



were Horatio, Jane, Rebecca, Burgess, Samuel, 
Drucilla & Aza. Their dau Drucilla m John 
Gaither of Md. Would be glad of help on this 
line. Which John Gaither was he ? — Mrs. M. G. 
McCubbins, 419 S. Main St., Salisbury, N. C. 

8911. (d) Penfield.— Peter Penfieid, of Fair- 
field, Conn., was the son of Peter Penfield, b 
July 14, 1702, who m May 28, 1730, Mary Allen, 
b Aug. 6, 1708. Ref. : History of Guilford, 
Conn., Mil ford Records, Vol. 3, page 234, Fair- 
field Vital Statistics, page 6. Peter & Mary 
Allen Penfield moved to Fairfield before 1729. 
He is first mentioned as a resident of that town 
in Fairfield Land Records, Vol. 4, page 347, 
Apr. 8, 1729. I have no record of the death of 
either Peter or Mary Allen Penfield, but Peter's 
will was presented for probate Aug. 18, 1772, 
see Probate Court, Fairfield, Vol. 16, page 383. 
Mary Allen Penfield's will was probated Sept. 7, 
1789 (Fairfield, Probate Vol. 24, page 171). If 
G .T. P. is a direct descendant of Peter Penfield, 
Jr., she is eligible to the Mayflower Society 
through his w, Hannah Lewis Penfield. — Mrs. 
J. N. Arbuckle, 593 Territorial Road, Benton 
Harbor, Mich. 

8916. MovER-CoNVER. — If you will consult the 
Moyer, Meyer, Mayer, Meir Genealogy by Rev. 
A. J. Fretz, published by Noah Farnham Mor- 
rison, 314-318 West Jersey St., Elizabeth, N. J., 
you may find the ancestral line you wish. — Mrs. 
Perry D. Cover, 1111 Elden Ave., Los An- 
geles, Calif. 

8942a. DuTCHER. — Write to Miss Edith 
Butcher, 1404 Pacific St., Brooklyn, N. Y. She 
has the Dutcher genealogy from the time Roeloff 
De Duyster came to America & may be able to 
help you. 

DoNNELL. — Rev. George Donnell's w was 
my mother's sister & we lived on adjoining lots. 
He & my father were ministers in the same 
Presbytery. After his death my father was ap- 
pointed to write his biography, for he had done 
a very important work in establishing the C. P. 
Church in Lebanon & the surrounding country. 
In that book it is stated that he served under his 
uncle, John Donnell. Several of George Don- 
nell's grandchildren are now living in Lebanon, 
Tenn. — Miss Amanda Anderson, 245 E. Main 
St., Gallatin, Tenn. 

Cochran. — Presbyterian Church Records, 
Mercersburg, Pa. (Franklin Co.— Old Cumber- 
berland) show that Nathaniel Cochran m Eliza- 
beth Ford, 1789.— £. M. Heistand Moore, 1708 
Race St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Brandt.— Robert Brown settled in Chester 
Co., Pa., about 1740. About 1760 he moved to 
Cumberland, settling on Buffalo Creek, on the 
part that became Perry County in 1820. 
His son Roger Brown had a daughter 
Elizabeth, who married Anthony Brandt. 


9906. Young.— Wanted, Rev record of Wal- 
ter Young, b Apr. 9, 1736, d July 2, 1812. m 
Catherine Parker, b 1739. d Mar. 27, 1814. 
Wanted, also date of their m & genealogy & Rev 
record of ancestors of Catherine Parker. 

(a) Stuart — John, son of Walter &: Cather- 
ine Young, b Spottsylvania Co., Va., Feb. 19, 
1771, d Sept. 9. 1818. m May 12, 1805, Elizabeth 
Stuart, b Spottsylvania Co., Va., June 15, 1773, 
d July 18. 1855. Fayette Co., Ky. He served in 
War of 1812. Wm. Stuart, father of Elizabeth, 
had ch Joseph, Wm., Thomas, Chas., John, 
Moses, Nannie & ^lary. Three of the bros 
moved to Ky., the others stayed in Va. Did 
Wm. 1st give Rev service? 

(b) AIcIsAACKS. — Sometimes spelled McKis- 
sicks. Isaac Mclsaacs, b Mar., 1750, in Chester 
Co., Pa., was granted a pension for Rev service 
on application dated Nov. 19, 1832. Wanted, 
date of his m & name & dates of his w. Their 
son James, b June 22, 1780, d Apr. 14, 1853, m 
in Ky., Dec. 23, 1802, Martha Boyd, b May 18, 
1781, d July 8, 1848. Their dau Martha, b Feb. 
3, 1811, d Aug. 24, 1857, m Mar 3, 1840, Moses 
Young, b Jan. 30, 1808, d Mar. 30, 1889, son of 
John Young & Eliz. Stuart. Wanted, parentage 
of Martha Boyd ; also the given names of the 
Mclsaacs & Young immigrants. The Youngs 
were said to be English & the Mclsaacs Scotch. 

9907. Baker. — Wanted, names of w & ch of 
Lyman Baker who enlisted from Berkshire 
Co., Mass. 

(a) GiDDiNGS. — Wanted, parentage of Stephen 
Giddings. Did his father give Rev service? 

(b) Thornton. — Wanted, parentage of De- 
borah Thornton, who was b 1755. — W. S. G. 

9908. Parker - Hodges-Connelly-Robinson. 
— Wm. Riley Parker, b Surry Co., N. C, 1801, 
son of John & Sarah Connelly Parker, m Martha, 
dau of Edmund & Eliz. Robinson Hodges about 
1827. He moved to Lawrence Co., Ind., later to 
Doniphan Co., Kan., which he represented in the 
Legislature 1867. The Parkers are supposed to 
have come from Conn, to N. C. Wanted, Rev 
record of any of these lines. — F. W. McD. 

9909. Pierce. — Wanted, parentage of Daniel 
Pierce, b Mar. 15, 1783, d Mar. 14, 1867, aged 
84, buried at Johnsville, N. Y. He m Mary 
Odell, b Aug. 9, 1786, d Alay 28, 1863, aged 82. 
Ch: Wm., b July 14, 1807; James, b Nov., 
1808 ; Hannah, b Aug. 26, 1810 ; Isaac, b May 4, 
1812; Weseley, b Feb. 9, 1813; Caleb, b Nov. 24, 
1815; Edward, b Sept. 23, 1818; Ann & Louise, 
b July 16, 1820; Betsy, b Nov. 8, 1821 ; Mary, b 
June 8, 1823 ; Abram, b May 2, 1825, & Susan, b 
June 30, 1828. Located in Dutchess, Ulster & 
V/estchester Counties, N. Y. — H. P. A. 

9910. Page.— Wanted, gen of Elizabeth Page, 



who m Gen. John Stark. To which Page family 
does she belong? — O. O. U. 

99n. Thomas.— Wanted, name & genealogy 
of the w of Jonathan Thomas, b in Hampton, 
N. H., 1711-12, moved to Sanborton, N. H., 
about 1766. They had six ch : Jonathan, Jr., 
Abigail, Jacob, Enoch, Elizabeth, Lydia, Jona- 
than, Jonathan, Jr., & Jacob all served in Rev. 
—A. L. P. B. 

9912. RuFFCORN. — Simon Ruffcorn, a Rev sol- 
dier, enlisted in Bucks Co., Pa., 1776. Battles 
engaged in were Long Island, Brandywine, Ger- 
mantown. Was a pensioner. Died Feb. 13, 1841. 
Wanted, place of birth, date of m & name of 
w, who d May, 1814.— H. C. R. 

9913. Harrison. — James Harrison m abt 
1800 Rebecca Stephens, of Huntington Co., Pa., 
dau of Sergt. Giles Stephens, Rev War. Wanted, 
parentage of James Harrison & Rev record of 
his father.— N. C. M. 

9914. Kendrick. — Wanted, parentage of Tem- 
perance Kendrick, b Mar., 1792, in S. W. Va., 
& m in 1810 in Knox Co., Tenn to Matthew 

(a) Knox. — -Wanted, maiden name of w of 
Gen. James Knox, of Tenn. He gave much of 
the land on which Knoxville was built, but was 
7iot the Knox for whom the town was named. 
Gen. James Knox enlisted one company of Mor- 
gan's Rifle Corps, which served in Rev. — O. C. G. 

9915. RiGGS. — Wanted, Rev record of Zenas 
Riggs, b Jan. 3, 1760, d Aug. 14, 1847, who m 
Jemima Genung, b Apr. 29, 1755, d Mar. 16, 
1833.— L. R. Y. 

9916. McKeen. — James McKeen came to 
America 1720 & settled in Londonderry, N. H. ; 
m Anna Cargill. Their ch were a dau, who m 
Rev. IklcGugoce, 1st minister of Londonderry; 
Deacon John m Mary McKeen ; James, b 1720, 
m Elizabeth Dinsmoor. Their son David, b June 
12, 1750, m Margaret McPherson, 1775. Wanted, 
Rev records of James & David McKeen. 

(a) Richardson. — Robert Richardson, b 
Litchfield, N. H., Apr. 12, 1751, m Betsy Carr, 
of Hillsborough, N. H. Ch : James, Carr, 
Wm., Jane, Polly, Ruth, Robert, Betsy, Hannah, 
Sally & Nathaniel. Wanted, Rev record of 
Robert Richardson. — J. A. T. 

9917. McClain. — Wanted, genealogy of Abi- 
jah McClain, who was living in Greene Co., Pa., 
1835. Also any information of David McClain, 
who was 6 yrs old at that time, or of his w or 
ch. — A. M. Mac. 

9918. Hall-Meade. — Wanted, any informa- 
tion of Isaac Hall, ceptain & clergyman, b in Va., 
m Mary Meade, b in Va. They moved from Va. 
to Florence, Ala. Daughter Martha, born 
about 1810, married Joshua Willis; daughter 
Mary m Robt. Alex. Hardie; daughter Sarah. 
Was Mary Meade a dau of Andrew Meade? — A. 

9919. Higgins-Brush.— Alichael Higgins, b 
Dec. 5. 1739, m 2nd w Ruth Brush, b Feb. 28, 
1757. He had 13 ch & lived in N. J.— Wanted, 
dates of m & d & Rev record. 

(a) Crist. — Wanted, information of 

Crist, who lived in Lancaster Co., Pa., & was 
wounded in Battle of Brandywine. His son 
John, 1795-1869, m 1822 Mary Ann Smalley. 

(b) Harding. — John Harding m Sarah Moss. 
Ch: Abraham, b 1752, m Sarah Moore, b 1759; 
Thomas, John and Stephen. The first John emi- 
grated from Providence to Redstone, Fayette 
Co., Pa. ; later to Ky. Wanted, Rev record of 
John & son Abraham.— E. A. O'B. 

9920. Garland.— Wanted, dates of b & d of 
John Garland, of Hanover Co., Va. ; also his Rev 
record. His dau Fanny Taylor Garland m 
George Markham, Aug. 4, 1818.— M. W. C. 

9921. Worster. — Wanted, information of 
Moses Worster & his w Hepsibah. I have a full 
list of their ch written in Jaffrey, N. H., Jan. 
28, 1793. 

(a) Harris-Angier. — Wanted, ancestry of 
Stephen Harris & of his w Mary Angier. 

(b) Elizabeth Aiken, 1753-1794, was dau of 
Henry Aiken & Margaret Woods. Wanted, 
data of both families. — C. F. H. 

9921. Freeman-Claiborne-West. — 1st, Henry 
Freeman, of Chipping Norton End., settles in 
Gloucester Co., Va. 2nd, Henry Freeman d Apr. 
5, 1676. 3rd, Henry Freeman, of New Poquo- 
son, York Co., Va. Will probated 16th May, 
1720; m Barbara Calthorpe, dau of Col. Chris- 
topher Calthorpe. Burgess 1644 to 1660. (See 
" Old King William Homes and Families," by 
Peyton Neale Clarke, page 55.) These Cal- 
thorpes were of royal descent. (See LeNeves' 
" Pedigrees of Knights," Bloomfield's " History 
of Norfolk, Eng.") 4th, George Henry Freeman 
m Sarah Francis Holmes, settled in King Wil- 
liam Co., Va., and had six daus, one son. One 
dau m Meriwether, one a Mansfield, one a Pol- 
lard, one a Clarke, one a Walker and the sixth m 
a Rogers. The only son and youngest child 
(named for his g-father) Christopher Holmes 
Freeman, m Anne Elizabeth Claiborne, g-g-dau 
Oi William Claiborne. Christopher Holmes & 
Anne E. Freeman had Thomas Claiborne Free- 
man, m Susan Foster Lathem Oct. 21, 1777. 
Their son Gabriel Freeman m 1st Lucy Steptor 
Blackwell & m 2nd on Mar. 7, 1826, Sarah Har- 
rison, dau of Col. Cuthbert Harrison, mem Pr. 
Wm. Co., Va., Comm. of Safety, & also served 
through the War of Rev. Both C. H. Freeman 
& son Thos. C. Freeman served in Rev. Gabriel 
and Sarah Freeman had dau Susan, who m July 
24, 1849, Edwin F. Cowherd & were parents of 
Lelia C, who m Nov. 7,, 1872, Maj. F. A. 
G. Handy. 
West. — John West (bro of Thomas West, 



Lord Delaware), came to Va. in 1618. He was 
a member Va. Company 1609, Burgess 1629, 
member Va. Council 1631, Colonial Governor of 
Va. 1635. He m Anne, had one child, John 
West, Jr., of West Point, Va. He m Ursula 
Crowshaw & had three sons, one dau Anne, who 
m Henry Fox. Their dau Anne West Fox m 
Thomas Claiborne, g-son of Wm. Claiborne who 
came to Va. in 1621, settled in York Co., Va. ; 
was member Va. Council 1627, Burgess 1630 to 
1660, Dep. Governor of Va. & Appointed by the 
King Treasurer of Va. for life. His son 
Thomas, b 1647, m Sarah Fenn. Their son, 
Thomas Claiborne, Jr., of " Sweet Hall," King 
Wm. Co., Va., m Anne West Fox, his 3rd w. 
They were parents of Anne E. Claiborne, who m 
Christopher H. Freeman. Will the descendants 
of the six daus of C. H. Freeman assist me in 
tracing their lines and communicate with L. C. 
Handy, 325 Lauderdale St., Selma, Ala., care of 
Mrs. P. B. Moss. 

9922. Chiles. — Wanted, genealogy of the 
Chiles family of Va. Anna Chiles m Henry 
Terrell & Agatha Chiles m David Terrell about 
1720. Several of the family were members of 
the House of Burgesses & one was Lieut. Col. 
of Va. Militia.— L. W. S. J. 

9923. Wiley. — Wanted, Rev record of Sam- 
uel Wiley, who is supposed to have lived in the 
Carolinas. His ch : James, killed either at the 
battle of Cowpens or Falling Timber ; Elizabeth 
m Samuel Halliday & had son Samuel, who m 
Reuhamah Davis in Ohio & moved to Ind. ; 
James, who m & settled in Ind. 

(a) Garrison - Garretson - Garritson.— 
Wanted, parentage of Rebecca Garrison, who m 

George Davis, Mar. 10, 1808, in Warren Co., O. 
Witness, her bro John Garritson. Did her 
father have Rev record or can her mother's 
family be traced? — A. J. W. 

9924. Wagar. — Wanted, parentage of John I. 
Wagar, b near Troy, N. Y., Feb. 14, 1781, d 
May 14, 1839 ; also record of any Rev service 
of his father. According to unverified family 
tradition, the family settled in Grafton, near 
Troy, N. Y., about 1724, the name was spelled 
Waegner. They built the 1st Lutheran church 
in that section & their nearest neighbors were 
named Conrad. — M, H. K. 

9925. Holland. — Nathan Holland, a Quaker, 
m Sarah Waters, dau of Wm. Waters & Sarah 
Harris, of Montg. Co., Md. He signed " Oath 
of Allegiance " in that county & d there 1801. 
Was he related to Prudence Holland who m 
Joseph Williams & became the mother of Gen. 
Otho Holland Williams? Joseph & Prudence 
Williams were not originally from Washington 
Co., where they lived when their ch were born. 

(a) Harris.— In 1747, Mary Harris, dau of 
Thos. & Sarah Offutt Harris, of " Tudor Hall," 
St. Mary's Co., Md., m Wm. Waters & moved 
to Brookeville. Montgomery Co., Md. Wanted, 
parentage of Thomas Harris. Did he give Rev 
service by being on a committee or signing the 
" Oath of Allegiance " ? 

(b) Gray. — Was Jacob Gray, of Millersburg, 
Pa., who was in the War of 1812, the same 
Jacob Gray who lived near Stormstown, Pa., 
who m Margaret Anna, dau of Dr. Purdue? 
Was his father Peter Gray, & did he have 
Rev record?— A. R. D. 


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VOL. LV, No. 3 

MARCH, 1921 

WHOLE No. 343 


By P. Lee Phillips 

Chief, Division of Maps, Library of Congress 

N the year 1747. when Wash- 
ington had arrived at the 
manly age of fifteen, a confer- 
ence was held in which the 
family deliberated upon a suit- 
able profession for him. He 
was ofTercd many inducements to be- 
come a midshipman in the service of 
His Majesty, the King of Great Britain. 
In those days, no one of gentle birth 
would descend from the social status 
of a " gentleman " (a word which con- 
veyed lofty aspirations and superior 
attainments), and outside of the army 
or nav}', there were not many positions 
worthy of consideration. After some 
deliberation the profession of surveyor 
was chosen for him. 

At that period there were immense 
tracts of land comparatively unknown ; 
the grantee, in some cases, was not 
even certain how far his boundaries 
extended or whether he rightly owned 
the land to which he laid claim. Sur- 

veying was. therefore, not only a lucra- 
tive profession, but one of much con- 
sideration. Socially it also carried 
great weight, as it required much 
knowledge of the country and the people 
therein. There is no question that the 
selection of this profession was the 
foundation of Washington's great 
strategic ability as a military leader, 
since it led him to a knowledge of the 
country and how to defend it. 

Among the eighteen thousand pieces 
in Washington's wonderful penmanship 
in the Library of Congress, are found 
numerous surveys with drawn plats, 
showing his application and success. 
" A book of surveys began July 22''. 
1749," shows his industry at the age of 
seventeen. The earliest drawing which 
has come to light is a survey of Movuit 
\'ernon, made when he was about fif- 
teen years of age. This was the first of 
the many which he made of his much- 
loved domain. Li connection with this 


• <i^j4«-/;'<-~ - 


A ' 

01 AlUWFY.s 

JfUA' 32 ^V4tj 

r 1^" 


i ^^ 

» \ 





it Avould be well to mention a beautiful 
drawing by Washington, in the Library 
of Congress, measuring 18 by 17 inches, 
entitled " A Plan of my Farm on little 
Hunts- Creek & Potom'^- R. G. W. 1766." 
This drawing has been so well photo- 

From his Young Man's Companion Wash- 
ington had already learned the use of Gunter's 
rule and how it should be used in surveying, 
and to complete his knowledge he seems to 
have taken lessons of the licensed surveyor of 
W'estmoreland County, James Genu, for 
transcripts of some of the surveys drawn by 
Genu still exist in the handwriting of his 

lithographed by DeLancey Gill, that 
copies have been sold as the original, 
with his name torn from the lower 
left border. 

As to Washington's early education 
as a surveyor. Paul Leicester Ford says 
in his " The True George Washington " : 

pupil. This implied a distinct and very valu- 
able addition to his knowledge, and a large 
number of his surveys still extant are mar- 
vels of neatness and careful drawing. As a 
profession it was followed only four years 
(1747-1751), but all through life he often used 
his knowledge in measuring or platting his own 
property. Far more important is the service 
it was to him in public life. In 1755 he sent to 



Braddock's secretary a map of the " back 
country," and to the Governor of Virginia 
plans of two forts. During the Revohition it 
helped him not merely in the study of maps, 
but also in the facility it gave him to take in 
the topographical features of the country. 
Very largely, too, was the selection of the 
admirable site of the capital due to his super- 
vising: all the plans for the city were sub nit- 
ted to him, and nowhere do the good sense and 
balance of the man appear to better advantage 

As there is no mention made of this 
work in any notice of Washington's 
writings, a full description may be 
of interest : 

Plat of the land whereon Stands the Town 
of Alexandria. By a Scale of 15 Po to ye 
inch. 12^4x15^. [1748] A plan of Alex- 
andria now Belhaven. 12->^ xl5^. [1749]. 

Alexandria is located on land which formed 

T t 

- a 

f / 




EV \VASHINt;TON, 1748 

than in his correspondence with the Federal 
city commissioners. 

While the student should be given 
due credit for bringing to light many 
historic documents, he has, however, 
been stimulated by the prices which 
such material has brought within 
recent years. From this exploiting has 
come to light, a plan and survey of 
Alexandria, Va., wdiich is now in the 
possession of the Library of Congress. 

part of a large grant to Rolaert Howsen in 
1669. Howsen sold his land to John Alex- 
ander in 1677. In 1730, a public tobacco ware- 
house was established on this tract and the 
hamlet which clustered about it was called 
Belhaven, and was known by that name until 
the town was laid off under an act of the Gen- 
eral Assembly of the Colony of Virginia 
which was passed in 1748. This act authorized 
the surveying and laying out of a town at 
" Hunting Creek Warehouse on Potomac 
River," the town to cover sixty acres of land, 
" parcel of the lands of Philip Alexander, John 
Alexander and Hugh West," and " that the said 
town shall be called bv the name of Alexandria." 



The trustees appointed tor the town 
included Lord Fairfax. Wiiiiain Fair- 
fax, George Fairfax, Richard Osl^orne, 
Lawrence Washington, William Ram- 
sey, John Carlyle. John Pagan, Gerard 
Alexander. Hugh West, and Philip 
Alexander. The surveys having been 
made in accordance with the charter. 

here marked, " Area 51 acres 3 Roods 
31 Perch." At the upper end of the 
area, buildings are indicated and marked 
•• M'- Hugh Wests H^'- & Ware H°^^-" 
The road upon which these l^uildings 
are indicated extends from " Ware H°- 
Point " through the area and is marked. 
" Road round H<^- of the Crk &c." Be- 


t^-^. %a7t i]f[ 4fmmdrta^ ^^./}e/&4;£n/ 

k|iLi>.«b^._| ^ 


BY WAl^iHINGTON, 1749 

the first meeting of the trustees on 
September 20th, deeds for these lots 
were executed. 

Of these two maps of Alexandria 
drawn by George Washington the 
earliest is the " Plat of the Land 
whereon Stands the Town of Alexan- 
dria," the title being noted on the re- 
verse *of the map. probably at some 
later date. It is an ovUline of the area 
to be covered bv the town which is 

yond the road is " A fine Improvable 
Marsh." Along the water front, the 
river is marked, " The Shoals or Flats 
about 7 feet at High Water," and a line 
farther out in the river reads. " The 
Edge of the Channell of the River. 8 
Fathoms." The following note appears 
at the foot of the map, " Note that in 
the Bank fine Cellars may be cut, from 
thence wharves may be extended on 
the Flats with'- anv difficultv & ware 



Housses built thereon as in Philadel- 
phia &c. Good Water is got by sink^- 
wells at a small depth. The above area 
of 51 Acres 3 R 31 Perch belongs to 
Cap'- Phill. Alexander, Cap'- John Alex- 
ander, M'- Hugh West." 

This map was evidently made in 
1748 when Washington was seventeen 
years old, after his return from his sur- 
veying expedition on the lands of Lord 
Fairfax in the Northern Neck of Vir- 
ginia, 1747-1748, and after the passing 
of the act by the General Assembly. 
In Washington's Journal of 1747-1748, 
the only reference he makes to a survey 
of Alexandria follows a place where 
several pages are torn out. 

The other map. " A plan of Alexan- 
dria, now Belhaven." was evidently 
made prior to the organization of the 
municipal government at the first meet- 
ing of the trustees on July 13, 1749. 
while the town was still called Bel- 
haven. This map was used for the sale 
of lots which took place on the 14th 
and 15th of July, and has a list of the 
purchasers, numbers of the lots, and 
price given in pistoles. The town is 
laid out in eighty-four lots with ten 
streets, Orinoko. Princess, Queens, 
Cameron, King, Prince, Dukes, W^ater. 
Fairfax, and Royal. The river in front 
of the town is marked, " 4 & 5 feet 
Water." and at the extreme of the 
town, " 8 Fathom Water." On the 
opposite shore in Maryland a house is 
indicated, marked " M'"- Addison's." 

The list of purchasers reads : 

No. Proprietors' Names 

1 Colo. w. Fitzhugh 26^ 

2 Jiio. Pagan 10^ 

3 Wm- Hicks, Esq'-- 10 


40 Harry Piper 16 


21 Roger Lindon 45^ 

36 Jno- Dalton 19 

31 Garr'l- Alexander 19^/' 

26 Allan McCrae 22 

41 John Caryle 30 

46 Wm- Ramsey 30 

51 Lawrence Washington 31 


57 Hon. W">- Fairfax 35 


63 Colo- Geo. Fairfax 39 


70 Colo- Kathl- Harrison 46 


78 Nathl- Chapman 56^/^ 

32 Garrfl- Alexander 20 

27 John Alexander 8 

37 John Dalton 16 

42 John Carlyle 16 

52 Law. Washington 16 

47 W'n- Ramsey 16 

71 Henry Fitzhugh 16 

33 Hugh West 8 


39 Henry Saleald 23 

48 John Pagan 13^^ 

49 John Alexander 15 

79 Ralph Wormeley, Esfj 10 

45 Charles Mayson lOj^ 

50 Adam Stephens 11^ 


55 George Mayson 15 

24 William Munday 11 

54 William Strother 7 

59 Colo- w. Fitzhugh 7 

60 John Pevton 8 


73 John West Sen"-- 15 


65 Augustine Washington 15 


81 Anne West 12 


67 W""- Henry Jerrett 10 


75 Pearson Jerrett 10 

58 John Champe 8 


84 George West 8 


76 Hugh West, Jun>- 8 

82 Wm- West, Jun'-- 4 

Sold for Pistoles 774 

These plans set at rest the doubt, 
often expressed, that Washington had 
in any way assisted in the laying out 
of the city. There is no city in the 
United States which is so perhieated 
with the spirit of this great man as 
Alexandria, for the " Father of his 



country " looked upon it as his much- ists. The discovery of this first plan 

loved child. Alexandria has now a of Alexandria, which shows a keen and 

population of about eighteen thousand ; intelligent knowledge of such work, 

in 1776, about five thousand. In the confirms us in the belief that the de- 

■'^•^' y'XK *' ..' 




... .w«, ^ .-^,^_...^ ^^^^ ™^:agJ 


years preceding and following the 
Revolution, before the too great rivalry 
of Washington, Baltimore and Norfolk, 
it had anchored at its wharves ships 
from all parts of the world, and it even 
set the fashions for the northern tour- 

signing of the city of Washington was 
as much the work of Washington as 
of L'Enfant. 

The illustration "An accurate map 
of the English Colonies in Xorth 
America, bordering on the River Ohio," 



measuring I3y2 by 18^ inches with 
border, is the earliest literary produc- 
tion in which Washington is men- 
tioned. Scanning the map you will find 
noted between the " Ohio or Bell River " 
and the " Monongohela R," the state- 
ment, " Here C. Washington engag'd 
ye French, 1754." The " C " evidently 
is an abbreviation of " Colonel." The 
map is bordered on each side by an 
historical statement in which \\'ashing- 
ton figures : 

About the beginning of June, 1754. the Gov- 
ernour of Virginia sent Colonel Washington 
at the head of four hundred men to keep them 
at bay, till more forces should arrive. The 
Colonel being informed that thirty-five of the 
French were within a day's march of him, 
with a design to intercept his convoy of pro- 
visions for the army, went in quest of them 
with a detachment of forty-five men, who on 
the way were joined by the Half-King, a con- 
siderable monarch, with twelve Indians. The 
next day they came up with the enemy, kill'd 
eleven, took twenty-one prisoners, and the 
three that fled were brought back, and scalp'd 
by the Indians. The English had only one 
kill'd and three wounded. Among the 
prisoners was M. le Force, a man of great con- 
sequence among the French. July 3d the Eng- 
lish camp was alarm'd by two men, who came 
up to one of our centries, shot him in the heel, 
and fled. About an hour after, four Indians 
came and informed, that the enemy was on 
their march ; upon which the English threw 
up trenches round their Fort in the Meadows. 
Soon after the enemy were seen marching 
down the woods, to the number of about nine 
hundred. The Colonel, who had but three 
hundred and fifty men to oipose them drew 
them up in order of battle, just as the French 
enter'd the meadow. One of our centries fir'd 
and kill'd three and returned to the fort. The 
French retired to the woods, while the Colonel 
sent a party to take possession of a wood op- 
posite the fort ; but the officer as he was march- 
ing, cried out, that the enemy would take 
possession of the fort, and immediately 
ordered his men to the right about, and so fled 
to the fort, the French firing at them all the 
time, and wounding many before they could get 
thither. The engagement lasted from ten in the 
morning till seven at night. The enemy fired 
from behind the trees, and the English from 
the fort and trenches. The gunner, when he 
had fired one round of his artillery, which did 

great execution, retired into the fort, and 
would fire no more. .\t seven o'clock the en- 
emy called a parley, and ofi^er'd us terms of 
capitulation ; upon which the Colonel called a 
council of war, who maturely considering their 
circumstances, that they had not provisions for 
two days, that the e.xcessive rains had render'd 
their army unfit for service, and, that they had 
a great number of men kill'd and wounded, 
judg'd it proper to accept of honourable terms. 
Upon which Captain Van Bramm was sent to 
receive their proposals. The articles agreed to 
were, that the English should deliver up the 
Fort by day-break, and be allow'd to march 
out with drums beating, and colours flying, 
with their arms and all their stores, except can- 
non : not to build any more forts on the French 
territories, or bear arms against his most 
Christian Majesty for the space of one 
year . . . 

AX'hile it is very reasonable to sup- 
l)ose that Washington made maps 
when participating in the French and 
Indian wars in 1754, the Braddock ex- 
pedition in 1755, and various other 
colonial wars, the only authentic one 
is found in the Jared Sparks collection, 
Cornell University, Ithica, N. Y. It is 
entitled " Washington's manuscript 
sketch of Fort Cumberland," measur- 
ing about 12 by 13 inches. A reprint is 
found in Avery's " History of the 
United States," vol. iv, p. 207, and also 
in Journal of American History, vol. ii, 
p. 402. Others may come to light to add 
new luster to this wonderful man. 

So far as the writer has been able to 
find in the various published letters of 
Washington, the only references to con- 
temporaneous maps are in a letter ad- 
dressed to Benjamin Harrison, Gov- 
ernor of Virginia, from Mount Vernon, 
October 10, 1784: 

It has long been my decided opinion, that 
the shortest, easiest and least expensive com- 
munication with the invaluable and extensive 
country back of us would be by one or both of 
the rivers of this State, which have their 
sources in the .\palachian mountains. Nor 
am I singular in this opinion. Evans, in his 
Map and Analysis of the Middle Colonies, 
which, considering tlie early period at which 





they were given to the PubHc, are done with 
amazing exactness, and Hutchins since, in his 
Topographical Description of the western 
country, a good part of which is from actual 
surveys, are decidedly of the same sentiment ; 
as indeed are all others, who have had oppor- 
tunities, and have been at the pains, to investi- 
gate and consider the subject. 

But that this tnay not now stand as mere 
matter of opinion and assertion, unsupported 
by facts (such at least as the best maps now 
extant, compared with the oral testimony, 
which my opportunities, in the course of the 
war have enabled me to obtain), I shall give 
you the different routes and distances 
from Detroit." 

The Evans' map referred to was pub- 
lished in 1755; that of Hutchins' in 
1778. Why he does not refer to the 
maps of Fry and Jefferson (1751), and 
of Henry (1770), is a matter of con- 
jecture. These two maps of A^irginia 
which embraced most of the country 
then known as the United States, are 
of great geographical and historical in- 
terest. Jeft'erson was the father of 
President Thomas Jefferson and Henry, 
the father of Patrick Henry. 

The only known copy of the original 
engraved Fry and Jefferson map, 1751, 
is found in the New York Public Li- 
brary and came to it in the purchase of 
the George Bancroft library. Other 
editions were published in 1755, 1768, 
and 1775. Joshua Fry, joint author, 
was well known as a surveyor and 
colonel in command of the Virginia 
forces against the French in 1754. He 
died May v^lst, whilst conducting the 
expedition to the Ohio. The Henry 
map is so rare as to be almost unknown. 
Copies of these maps are found in the 
Library of Congress. 

One of the " gems " in the large col- 
lection of maps in the Library of Con- 
gress is the well-executed map drawn 
by Washington, himself, with the notes 
written in his own clear handwriting. 
It is perhaps the most interesting docu- 

ment extant on early land grants on the 
Great Kanawha and is here described 
in full. Although it has no distinctive 
title, it may be called " A plan of the 
tracts of land on the Great Kanawha 
River covering the interests of George 
Washington in that district. Copied 
by Washington from the original sur- 
veys dated 1771-1775." It measures 
6434 by liy. inches. 

By adding a flap 7Y\ by 8 inches, at 
the necessary point, additional width 
has been given the map to show tract 
N°- 8, which lay on the " Poketellico 
Creek." The spaces on the map which 
would otherwise be blank have been 
tilled in with separate notes concerning 
each survey. A margin of thirteen 
inches is left blank at the foot of the 
map. These lands on the Great 
Kanawha were surveyed in eight dif- 
ferent tracts. They begin a few miles 
above the mouth of the river and lying 
on one side or the other of the river, 
extend to Blaine Island at Charleston, 
\\'est Virginia. 

Tract Xo. 1 begins near the mouth 
of the river, extends along the west 
side and contains 10,990 acres. The note 
describing this tract is headed: 

A Table 

to explain Plat No 1 

Patented in the name 


Geo: Washington ISt'i DeC- 


This gives survey notes and ends 
as follows : 

Pursuant to an Order of the HonWe. the 
Gov- & Council of Virginia dated the 15tli 

day of December, 1769. 

I have Surveyed the Lands mentioned in this 
Plat as part of the 200,000 acres. Granted for 
the use of the Officers & Soldiers mentioned 
in the said order. 

[Signed] ^^^ Crawford Surv''- 
of the Sold''- Land 
June, — 1771 




Tract No. 2 lies farther up the river Tract No. 5 on the east side of the 

on the east side and contains 7894 acres, river contained 21,941 acres. No sur- 

The accompanying note reads : vey notes of this tract are given and 

A Table to explain Plat No. 2 the surveyor is not named. The ac- 

Patented in the Names of companying note reads : 

George Muse for 100 

Docf. Jas. Craik 1794 Tract No- 5 

W>"- Bronaugh 6000 is Patente [:] 

[words erased] 

Total of the Tract.. 7894 acres The heirs of Col. Fry i 

^. X J 1 for his deficiency l^^o^/-, 

Gives survey notes and ends : ^^ ^^^ j^^^ distribution ( ^242 

Made pursuant to the order &c. Jno Savage Do the | ^ry^ 

[Signed] W'"- Crawford same j 

Survr. Off--- & Soldr- Ld- Thos- Bullet for his \ ^^nn 

14 July 1775 full proportion j "^^"^ ' 

Tract No. 3 adjoins tract No. 2 on ^f" j\Ts ^^ "^^^ ^^ ^^°° 

the east side of the river and con- j^^°' ^[^.^ ^^^j. \ 

tains 7276 acres. The accompanying pert for his full proportion j 

note reads: Colonel Adam Stephens for [ ,.„„ 

„ , , his Second dividend i 

Plat No. 3 r- ^ ^ \ ^ T ■ { \ ■ \ 

„ , ■ ^1 XT r Colonel Andrew Lewis tor his ,,„^ 

Patented in the Names of 5^^^^^ ^.^.^^^^^ ^ 2100 

Geo. Washington for 3953 Capt. Peter Hog for his second [ ^^qq 

George Muse 3323 Dividend ) _ 


Total of the Tract 7276 Unappropriated in this Tract 227 

the whole now belongs to G W ^^^^, ^^^^^j,^ 21941 

Gives survey notes and ends : 

T,,j XX r^j t <.u r- r Tract No. 6 on the west side of the 

Made pursuant to an Order of the Governr- xici«.l v^ 

& Council river, sometimes referred to as the 

[Signed] W""- Crawford " Pocatellico survey," contains 2000 

^'Tid^'l773^°''^' ^'^ ^^^^^- There are no notes relating to 

^ -^ . . , X -J rxt this survey on the large map. The 

Tract No. 4 IS on the west side of the ^ ., ; „ , x 

Librarv of Congress has a separate 

river opposite tract No. 3, and con- - . ^ x i x- x -x -ri • 

,^t^^ „, . manuscript note relating to it. Ihis 

tains 4232 acres. ihe accompanying , ■ ^ ^ c j r r- 

. I J a reads m part : Surveyed for George 

note reads: ^n- i • x • £ r-i i T\/r 

Washington, assignee of Charles Myn 

A Table to explain Plat ^^-i ^ t • x x • xu at: „;»,;^ 

^T„ , Thruston, a Lieutenant m the Virginia 

Patented in the Name Regiment, by Virtue of the Governor s 

of Doctr. Jas. Craik warrant and agreeable to the Royal 

Gives survey notes and ends : Proclamation of 1763. Two Thousand 

Pursuant to an Order of the Honbie. the Govr. acres of land in Fincastle County." 

& Council of Virginia dated the 15th day of Full survey notes follow^ dated xVpril 

Decemr. 1769 jg^ 1774^ anj signed Jno. Floyd, asst., W'"- 

I have surveyed the Lands mentioned in this ~-r, r--r-r-.i ix^ xi- 

Plat as part of the 200.000 acres Granted for the T. Preston, S.F.C., these letters standing 

use of the officers and soldiers in the for Surveyor of Fiiicastle County. 

said order. Tract No. 7 on the east side of the 

[Signed] W'"- Crawford . -x x x at ^ x • oncn 

Survr. of the Sold- Land "^^^^ opposite tract No. 6 contains 2950 

June 1771 acres, and the accompanying note reads : 



Copy of a Survey 

made by Mr- Saml- Lewis 6 Kov^- 


for G : Washington for 2950 

Acres — Plat No 7 

Surveyed for George Washington 2950 
acres of land (by Virtue of a Warrant for 5000 
acres granted by his Excellency the Governor 
to said Washington agreeable to His Maj- 
esty's Proclamation issued in the year 1763) 
lying in the County of Botetourt on the No 
East side of the Great Kanahwa, about a mile 
and a half above the Pokitellico Survey. . . . 

Gives survey notes. On the reverse 
side of the separate of the manuscript 
note on tract No. 6, this same notice 
on tract No. 7 is given. This tract is 
the one which Hes farthest from the 
mouth of the river, and the note to it on 
the large map is the one in which \\'ash- 
ington used the words, " Copy of." 

Tract No. 8 lies north of the river 
and contains 6788 acres. The accom- 
panying note reads : 

No 8 Is Patented in the Names of 

Andrew Wagener for 2572 acres 

Jolm West 1400 

Col. Alercer 2816 

Total 6788 

No survey notes are given and the 
surveyor is not named. 

Washington mentions the project to 
secure valuable lands in the " King's 
part " to William Crawford, his land 
agent in the matter of the western 
lands, in a letter wi"itten from Mount 
Vernon. September 21, 1767. There 
had evidently been a previous mention 
of the same subject, though no previ- 
ous letter from Washington to Craw- 
ford seems to exist. The letter of 
September 21. 1767, with subsequent 
letters between Washington and Craw- 
ford, edited by C. W. Butterfiekl, and 
published in 1877. give much informa- 
tion concerning Washington's western 
land holdings. There are also many 
letters in the " Writinsfs of Washings- 

ton," edited by Sparks, and in the edi- 
tion by Ford, which are interesting in 
connection with this large map. 

William Cra\\ford was born in \'ir- 
ginia, learned surveying under Wash- 
ington, and served under him in 1758, 
marching with the X'irginia troops to 
Fort Duquesne. In 1766, he moved his 
family over the mountains to a place 
in what is now Fayette County, Penn- 
sylvania, then called " Stewart's Cross- 
ings." Here Washington visited him 
in the fall of 1770. which is noted in 
Washington's Journal of a Tour to the 
Ohio Riz'cr, 1770. Crawford accom- 
panied him on this trip, and in the 
Journal, under the dates November 1st- 
2nd, Washington notes leaving the 
Ohio River on a short trip up the Great 
Kanawha River. " to discover what 
kind of lands lay upon the Kanawha." 

The earliest of these surveys made 
by Crawford on the Great Kanawha are 
dated June, 1771. Small separate 
drawings of several of the tracts made 
by Washington either from drawings 
furnished by Crawford or from his sur- 
vey notes are to be found among the 
Washington papers in the Manuscript 
Division of the Library of Congress. 
W^ashington had Crawford sign these 
small drawings with their accompany- 
ing notes. These drawings were evi- 
dently the base of the large map. 

The surveys were made under the 
Proclamation of 1754 issued by Governor 
Dinwiddle and reads in part as follows : 

For an encouragement to all who volun- 
tarily enter into the said [military] service, I 
do hereby notify and promise, by and with the 
advice and consent of His Majesty's Council of 
this Colony, that over & above their pay, 
200,000 acres of His Majesty, the King of 
Great Britain's Lands, on the east side of the 
River Ohio, within this dominion (100,000 
acres to be contiguous to the said Fort, and the 
other 100,000 acres to be on or near the River 
Ohio) shall be laid off & granted to such per- 



sons who by their voluntary engagement and 
good behavior in the said service, shall 
deserve the same ; and I further promise that 
said lands shall be divided amongst them 
immediately after the performance of the 
said service. . . . 

Washington was keenly interested 
in these lands, both on his own account 
and in the interest of other officers, fil- 
ings their claims for them, bearinsf much 
of the expense and watching over the 
interests of all. In time he acquired the 
claims of a number of the officers. 

In a letter written in 1770 to Lord 
Botetourt, Governor of Virginia, pro- 
testing against the Walpole grant 
which threatened to include much of 
the 200,000 acres claimed by the officers 
and soldiers under the above Proclama- 
tion of 1754. Washington says, " The 
exigency of affairs, or the policy of 
government make it necessary to con- 
tinue these lands in a dormant state for 
some time." This evidently referred 
to the King's proclamation of 1763 pro- 
hibiting all governors from granting 
warrants of lands to the westward of 
the sottrces of the rivers which rim into 
the Atlantic, and forbidding all persons 
purchasing such lands or settling on 
them without special license from the 
Crown. In the letter to Crawford 
dated September 21. 1767. quoted above. 
W^ashington. in speaking of this procla- 
mation says, " I can never look upon 
that proclamation in any other light (but 
this I sa_v between ourselves) than as a 
temporary expedient to quiet the minds of 
the Indians. It must fall, of course, in a 
few years, especially when those Indians 
consent to our occupying the lands." 

In a letter, dated April 3, 1775, to 
Lord Dunmore, Washington speaks of 
the Patents having been issued " under 
your Lordship's signature & the seal 
of the Colony, ever since the first of 
December, 1773." It, however, seems 

as though Washington must have ob- 
tained patents for part of these lands 
earlier than December, 1773, for he 
advertises his lands on the Ohio River 
and the ten thousand acres on the 
Great Kanawha contained in tract 
No. 1 in the Maryland Journal and Balti- 
more Advertiser, August 20, 1773, vol. i. 
No. 1, and says he has obtained patents 
for these lands. He also advertised his 
lands in various other newspapers of 
the time, such as the Pennsylvania 
Gazette, September 22, 1772, and later 
in the Pennsylvania Packet, April 27, 
1784, and the Columhian Mirror and 
Alexandria Gazette, February 20, 1796. 

The advertisements seem to have 
been for the purpose of leasing the 
lands for periods of years up to the 
year 1796. when he advertises the lands 
for sale. l)ut names no price. He speaks 
of his purpose to sell his western hold- 
ings in a letter to Presley Neville in 
1794. In this letter, he oiTers the lands 
on the Great Kanawdia at three dol- 
lars and a quarter per acre for the 
whole bod}' of land, with seven years' 
credit and without requiring a part of 
the purchase money to be paid down. 
If sold separately, a fourth of the jntr- 
chase money was to be paid down, and 
for some of the tracts, particularly tract 
No. 1, more than three dollars and a 
quarter an acre would be necessary. 

Washington's holdings on the Great 
Kanawha as shown on the map were 
not sold, however, and at the time of 
his death his will shows that he still 
owned tract No. 1, 10,990 acres; tract 
No. 3, 7276 acres; tract No. 6, 2000 
acres, and tract No. 7, 2950 acres, the 
whole valued at $200,000. 

The Library of Congress has a 
fine manuscript copy of the map made 
by Nicholas King, the title of which 
reads : " A Map of Lands situated on 

" 'k' " ' JV<-" 



_ ^*» 
. ^^ 

. /^ 

. .09 

' ' . ' yf. " 

yr( fx^/ r<.<*^ ^Y ^<^ «>^/ 




4<r<r ?^*fy^^rf y^*" <^--< ^«' 


^^ Jfi tyoUC^^^,^ 



T A 



P,.i /'^ 


OLD, ABOUT 1746 



the Great Kanawha River, near its con- 
fluence with the Ohio. On a scale of 
200 Poles to an Inch. Copied by N. 
King." Tract No. 8 and the survey 
notes have been omitted from this copy, 
and the wording of the inscriptions 
lias been somew'hat changed. 

Washington, as above stated, adver- 
tised these lands for sale in various 
journals of the day, the earliest of 
which appeared in The Maryland Jour- 
nal and Baltimore Advertiser, for August 
20, 1773. At the end of this, he speaks 
of " their contiguity to the seat of gov- 
ernment which more than probably 
will be fixed at the mouth of the 
Great Kanawha." 

The Washington tracts of land lie in 
tlie coal regions of the Great Kanawha 
Valley, portions of the tracts in Mason, 
Putnam, and Kanawha Counties, W. Va. 

A map issued in 1867 by John S. 
Swann at Charleston, West Virginia, 
shows several of the Washington tracts 
as well as many other grants. It is 
entitled, " Title map of the coal field of 
the Great Kanawha \'alley, W^est Vir- 
ginia, United States of America." 

There are no large towns on the 
Great Kanawha from Charleston to 
Mt. Pleasant at the mouth of the river, 
St. Albans (formerly Goalmouth) being 
the largest with about 1200 inhabi- 
tants. This town is at the mouth of 
the Coal River and lies on tract No. 6, 
of the Washington lands. 

Most of the maps used by Washing- 
ton during the Revolutionary W^ar 
were made by Robert Erskine, com- 
missioned by him as Geographer of the 
United State?, in 1778, and also Thomas 
Hutchins, in 1781. The original manu- 
scripts of the former are found in the New 
York Historical Society Library, ^^'ash- 
ington, no doubt, would have accomplished 
this work, much to his own and our satis- 

faction, but his duties were at that time in 
saving our country instead of mapping it. 
He, however, made a few sketches for 
temporary use and expressed in the fol- 
lowing letter the need of such material : 

To the President of Congress, 
Head-Quarters, Morristown, 26 January, 1777. 
. . . The want of accurate maps of the coun- 
try, which has hitherto been the scene of war, 
has been of great disadvantage to me. I have 
in vain endeavored to procure them and have 
been obliged to make shift with such sketches 
as I could trace out from my own observation 
and that of gentlemen around me. I really 
think, if gentlemen of known character and 
probity could be employed in making maps, 
from actual survey, of the roads, of the 
rivers and bridges and fords over them and 
of the mountains and passes through them it 
would be of the greatest advantage." 

About the last map made by Wash- 
ington, in 1784, is the one entitled, 
** Sketch of the Country Between the 
Waters of Potomack and those of 
Youghagany and Monongahela as 
sketched by Gen'- Washington," a copy 
of which is reproduced in U. S. House 
of Representatives, Nineteenth Con- 
gress, first session. Report No. 228, 
May 22, 1826. This map show^s Wash- 
ington's interest in inland navigation, 
especially in connection with the 
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. 

In a work entitled, " Letters from 
His Excellency, General Washington 
to Arthur Young, Esq.," London, 1801, 
is a map entitled, " A Map of General 
Washington's Farm of Mount Vernon 
from a Drawing Transmitted by the 
General," which is the earliest printed 
one of which we have knowledge. The 
original drawing accompanied a letter 
addressed by Washington to Arthur 
Young, dated Philadelphia, December 
12, 1793, published in the above work. 
The letter concerned a plan for renting 
the various farms comprising the 
Mount Vernon estate. The map shows 
the farms, the acreage of the fields. 



— _ ■ ^ 

f / 

,ti Z5 

' "''^^^-^^ 

^/ ^:^ v^^-^ A^if:^<.y-^^">-^^-- 

-/X.. ^^ -^y- ^^/-:>^^ry 

e^'^o'ix-^^^-^ C^c<^Zvi>v.r-;:;^ '^^-^J^^ ^^"-—"^ ^; 



/'c^syji rAys Strcat fi or*i^ 

■n. AixdT 




position of buildings, the woodland, 
and the cleared but uncultivated fields, 
the latter described by a list of refer- 
ences in the upper left corner, which is 
marked " fac simile," being a reproduc- 
tion of Washington's handwriting. 

Another interesting plan, the origi- 
nal manuscript of which is at Mount 
Vernon, is the one referred to in Wash- 

grow weeping willows, leaving an open and 
full view of the distant woods. The mounds 
are sixty yards apart. I mention this, because 
it is the only departure from the original . . . 

The plan was not reproduced until re- 
cently, being first used in Paul Wil- 
stach's book on Mount Vernon. 

It would be misleading for the writer 
to state that he had described all the 
known maps of AVashington. Many 

ington's letter to Samuel Vaughan, 

dated '' Mount Vernon, 12 November, 

1787," which reads : 

Dear Sir. 

The letter without date, with which you 
were pleased to honor me, accompanied by a 
plan of this seat, came to my hands by the 
last Post. For both I pray you to accept my 
hearty and sincere thanks. The plan describes 
with accuracy the houses, walks and shrubs, 
except in the front of lawn, west of the court- 
yard. There the plan differs from the original. 
In the former you have closed the prospect 
with trees along- the walk to the gate ; whereas 
in the latter the trees terminate with two 
mounds of earth, one on each side, on which 

may be scattered through the libraries 
and private collections of the United 
States and many may be temporarily, 
(we hope), buried in cellars and closets, 
boxes and trunks. I have, however, 
described the most important in the 
collection of the Library of Congress, 
outside of the many plats to accompany 
surveys. That they are well executed as 
to accuracy, penmanship, and drawing, 
goes without saying, for this remarkable 
man seems to have had the divine inspira- 
tion of doing well whatever he imdertook. 



HIS month is inauguration month! 
A new President has taken the oath 
of office, sworn to administer the af- 
fairs of the Nation with justice and 
righteousness. The candidate of a 
party has become the President of the 
whole people. Whether Democrat or Re- 
publican, his administration is our adminis- 
tration, and we are a part of it; every individual 
is a part of it. Upon the loyal cooperation of 
each one its success depends, and from us its 
power is derived. We might each one of us in 
a very literal sense be said to take the oath of 
office with the President. This means responsi- 
bility and intelligent patriotic service. 

]Many intricate and critical problems are facing 
the President, demanding solution. He needs the 
intelligent understanding and enlightened opinion 
of the entire country behind him. Let us try to 
understand these problems, to inform ourselves 
upon the vital domestic and international ques- 
tions, which we have elected him to handle. Let 
us be slow to criticize. Discontented and half- 
informed criticism helps to weaken the public 
confidence and plays into the hands of radicals, 
who seek to undermine the Government by this 
insidious method. We must stand for the en- 
forcement of law. There is nothing more 
demoralizing than to condone the violation of 
law. While a law is a law it should be enforced, 
else all law falls into contempt, but if it should 
be a bad law, unsupported by the best public 
opinion, then work for its repeal and the passage 
of a better one. 

In all this women have now a more active 
responsibility — as voters they have enhanced 
power and opportunity. Their voice will be heard 
and heeded. It is our duty to interest ourselves 

in better laws for schools, for children and for 
women's benefit, and to guide and uplift 
public opinion, thus helping to shape our 
country's destiny. 

Let us take our oath of allegiance with the 
President, and like him swear to uphold its 
Constitution and its Laws. 

If this magazine reaches you in time, I would 
suggest a silent oath of allegiance at the moment 
when the President takes his oath, stopping all 
activities during that solemn hour when he is 
being inaugurated. Let us at that time renew 
our vows of allegiance and loyalty to Home 
and Country. 

The inauguration suggests one more thought. 
There is the example of economy and thrift 
which the President is setting us by giving up 
extravagant ceremonies at this time when the 
country is suffering from economic unrest and 
discontent. Extravagance is our National vice. 
It is the root of sixty per cent, of our crimes and 
social disorders. It wastes the life of the Nation 
and demoralizes its people. 

No nation can have an enduring foundation 
without the accumulated wealth of savings as a 
reserve power, for the unproductive days. He 
who spends all his income as soon as received 
is exhausting all his powers and faces collapse. 
This is a very general habit of our people, 
whether they receive " wages," " salaries," 
or " income." 

President Harding has set the pace. Let us 
make thrift and the habit of saving a part of our 
oath of allegiance to our country and the teach- 
ing of thrift a part of our patriotic service. 

Anne Rogers ^Iinor, 
President General. 




Compiled by Mrs. Amos G. Draper 
Former Registrar General, N. S. D. A. R. 

HE question has so often been 
asked : How many Presidents 
have inherited the traditions 
of the early days of the Re- 
public? that the following 
chart has been prepared. It 
does not claim in any instance to give 
all the Revolutionary ancestry of any 
one individual. It does show that of 
the twenty-seven men who have up to 
the present time (March 1, 1921) occu- 
pied the Presidential chair, six partici- 
pated in the fight for freedom ; and with 
one exception — Woodrow Wilson — all 
the others were lineal descendants in 
one or more lines from those who took 
part in the American Revolution. 
Two Signers of the Declaration — 

John Adams and Thomas Jefferson — 
were Presidents, one of whom (Adams) 
lived to see his son occupy the position ; 
another Signer of the Declaration — 
Benjamin Harrison — has had two de- 
scendants elected President ; and still 
another member of that noted Conti- 
nental Congress — Archibald P>ulloch 
(who was prevented from signing the 
Declaration because patriotic duty 
called him home) has been represented 
by a lineal descendant — Theodore 
Roosevelt — in the Executive ^Mansion. 
A copy of this article, giving line of 
descent, and authorities for each state- 
ment, has been filed in the Library at 
Memorial Continental Hall. 

Name of President & time 
of Administration 

1. George Washington 


2. John Adams 


3. Thomas Jefferson 


4. James Madison 


5. James Monroe 


6. John Quincy Adams 


7. Andrew Jackson 



Dates of Birth and Deaths 

Va., 1732-1799, Va. 

Mass., 1735-1826, Mass. 
Va., 1743-1826, Va. 
Va.. 1751-1836, Va. 
Va., 1758-1831, Va. 
Mass., 1767-1848, D. C. 
N. C, 1767-1845, Tenn. 

Revolutionary Ancestor 

Continental Army. 
Signer of the Declaration. 

Signer of the Declaration. 

Delegate to Va. State 

Convention in 1776. 
Lieut, from Va. in 1776. 

Son of John Adams, 

Signer of the Declaration. 
Served in 1780 against the 

Indians, as private. 



Xame of President & time 
of Administration 

8. Martin Van Buren 


9. William Henrv Harrison 

(1841-April4. 1841) 

10. John Tyler 


11. James K. Polk 


12. Zacharv Tavlor 


13. Alillard P'illniore 


14. Franklin Pierce 


15. James Buchanan 


16. Abraham Lincoln 


17. Andrew Johnson 

(April, 1865-1869) 

18. U. S. Grant 


19. Rutherford B. Haves 


20. James A. Garfield 

(1881-Sept., 1881) 

21. Chester A. Arthur 

(Sept.. 1881-1885) 

22. Grover Cleveland 


23. Benjamin Harrison 


24. Grover Cleveland 


25. William B. McKinley 


26. Theodore Roosevelt 

(Sept., 1901-1909) 

27. William H. Taft 


28. Woodrow Wilson 


Dates of Birth and Deaths 

N. Y., 1782-1862, N. Y. 
Va., 1773-1841, D. C. 

Va., 1790-1862, Va. 

N. C, 1795-1849. Tenn. 
Va., 1784-1850, D. C. 
X. Y., 1800-1874, N. Y. 

N. H.. 1804-1869. X. H. 

Pa., 1791-1868, Pa. 
Ky.. 1809-1865, D. C._ 
X. C. 1808-1875, Tenn. 

Ohio. 1822-1885. X. Y. 
Ohio. 1822-1893. Ohio 

Ohio, 1831-1881. X. J. 
\'t.. 1830-1886. X. Y. 
X. J., 1837-1908. X. J. 

Ohio, 1833-1901. Ohio 

(q. V.) 

Ohio. 1843-Sept., 1901, X. Y. 

X. Y., 1858-1919. X. Y. 

Ohio. 1857-living 1921 
Va.. 1856-living 1921 

Revolutionary Ancestor 

Son of Capt. Abraham Van 

Buren (1) of N. Y. 
Son of Benjamin Harrison 

(2) Signer of the Declara- 
Son of Judge John Tyler of 

Va. (3), Revolutionary 

Grandson of Col. Ezekiel 

Polk (4) of N. C. 
Son of Col. Richard Taylor 

of Va. (5). 
Grandson of Ensign X'athan- 

iel Fillmore (6) of X'. Y. 

and Vt. 
Son of Capt. Benjamin 

Pierce (7) of Mass. and 

N. H. 
Grandson of Private James 

Speer (8) of Penna. 
Grandson of Capt. Abraham 

Lincoln (9) of Va. and Ky. 
Son of Capt. Jacolj Johnson 

(10) of N. C. Militia. 

Grandson of Lieut. X'oah 
Grant, Jr. (11) of Conn. 

Grandson of Ensign Ruther- 
ford Hayes (12) of X. Y. 
& Vt. 

Grandson of Fifer Tames 
Ballou (13) of X. H.' 

Great-grandson of Corporal 
Uriah Stone (14) of X. H. 

Great-grandson of Rev. 
Aaron Cleveland (15), of 
X'orwich, Conn., Revo- 
lutionary patriot. 

Great-grandson of Benjamin 
Harrison of Va. (q. v.) 

Rev. Aaron Cleveland. 
(q. V.) 

Great-grandson of Private 
David McKinley (16). of 

Great- (2) grandson of 
Archibald Bulloch of Ga. 
(17), Delegate to Continen- 
tal Congress. 

Great-grandson of Sergeant 
Aaron Taft (18). of Mass. 

President Wilson's mother, Janet to this conntry in 1808 from Ireland. 
Woodrow. was born in Scotland and and soon thereafter married, in Penn- 
emigrated to this conntry. His father sylvania, Ann Adams, who was a pass- 
was the son of James Wilson who came enger in the same ship from Ireland. 



The line of descent of President-elect 
Harding- from Captain Abraham Hard- 
ing of New York has been conclusively 
proven by Miss Grace Pierce, who was 
Registrar General when his sister, Miss 
Abigail Harding's, papers were verified. 

Abraham Van Buren was baptized in 
Albany, N. Y., February 27, 1737, married Mrs. 
Maria (Goes) Van Allen (who died in 1818) 
and died at Kinderhook, N. Y., April 8, 1817. 
April 2, 1778, he was made " Captain of the 4th 
Company in the Seventh regiment (Kinder- 
hook District) vice Evert Vosburg, disaf- 
fected." Kinderhook was such a Tory strong- 
hold that his patriotism was considered rather 
a defect in his character, and no mention of 
Abraham's service is made in the campaign 
literature during the candidacy of his 
son Martin. 

2. Benjamin Harrison of Berkeley, Va. 
(1726-1791), Signer of the Declaration and 
member of the First and Second Continental 
Congresses, married Elizabeth Bassett and had 
several children, among them President 
Harrison, who married Miss Anna Symmes of 
Ohio. One of their children, John Scott 
Harrison (180-1-1878), by his second wife, 
Elizabeth Irwin, was the father of the twenty- 
third President. Benjamin Harrison. A com- 
prehensive article on the Harrisons of Berke- 
ley, Va., compiled by the late Mrs. Sanders 
Johnston, Editor of the Lineage Book, is to be 
found in the American Monthlv Magazine, 
July, 1901. 

3. John Tyler (1747-1813) commanded a 
company of Hanover County Alinute Men under 
Patrick Henry ; in 1778 was made Judge of the 
Admiralty Court, and in 1781 was Speaker of 
the House of Delegates of Va. He married 
Mary Armistead, and their son, President 
Tyler, inherited thereby the traditions of many 
of the finest families in the state. 

4. Ezekiel Polk, born in Carlisle, Penna., in 
1741, died in Tenn. in 1824, and was one of 
seven brothers, all of whom occupied positions 
of honor, trust and danger during the Revolu- 
tion. By his first wife, Nannie Wilson, he had 
a son Samuel, who was the father of President 
Polk ; signed the Mecklenburg Declaration, and 
was styled Colonel. 

5. Col. Richard Taylor, born in Orange Co., 
Va., April 4, 1741, died in Kentucky, June 19, 
1829: married Sarah Strother (1760-1829) and 
was the father of President Taylor, who was 
named Zachary for his grandfather. He was 
Lieutenant in 1775 ; Captain in 1776, and Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel in 1779, and was the cousin of 
Commodore Richard Taylor, also of Orange 

Co.. Va., Col. Taylor's grandfather, James 
Taylor, has the distinction of being the great- 
grandfather of two Presidents of the United 
States — James Aladison and Zachary Taylor. 

6. Nathaniel Fillmore, born in Norwich, 
Conn.. March 29, 1739—40. moved to Benning- 
ton, Vt.. and was an Ensign in Capt. Dewey's 
company at the Battle of Bennington. His 
son, Nathaniel, born in 1771 at Bennington, W., 
married Phoebe Millard and moved to New 
York state, where their son Millard was born. 

7. Benjamin Pierce, born in Chelmsford, 
Mass., December 25, 1757, died April 1, 1839, in 
Hillsborough. N. H. He married (2) in 1790, 
.\nn Kendrick (1768-1838) who became the 
mother of President Pierce. Benjamin served 
as a private in the early part of 1775, but later 
rose to the rank of Lieutenant and Captain. 

8. President Buchanan was the second child 
of James Buchanan, who married in 1788 
Elizabeth Speer, and died at Mercersburg, 
Penna., in 1821. Elizabeth (born in 1767) was 
the only daughter of James Speer, who emi- 
grated to Pennsylvania in 1756 and with his 
wife, Mary Patterson, settled at first on a farm 
ten miles from Lancaster, Pa., but afterwards 
moved to the foot of South Mountain, between 
Chambersburg and Gettysburg, in that part 
of York County which is now Adams County. 
He served several tours of service as a private 
in York County Militia. 

9. Abraham Lincoln was commissioned Cap- 
tain of Augusta Co., Va., Militia in 1777, and 
in 1778 of a company of Rockingham Co. 
Militia. He married in 1770 in Augusta Co., 
Va., and his son Thomas became the father of 
President Lincoln. 

10. Jacob Johnson, who died in Raleigh, N. 
C, in 1812, from effects of injuries received in 
saving the life of a friend, leaving his son, 
Andrew, four years old, was mentioned in the 
obituary notices as having been Captain of a 
Militia company in N. C. during the Revolution. 

11. Noah Grant. Jr., was born Tolland, Conn., 
June 20, 1748, died at Maysville, Ky., February 
14, 1819. He served in the Revolution from 
Coventry. Conn., and rose to the rank of Lieu- 
tenant. He married (2) in Penna., Rachel 
Kelly, who was the ancestress of the President 
and died in Ohio in 1805. Noah was a direct 
descendant of Matthew Grant, one of the 
Founders of Windsor, Conn. 

12. Rutherford Hayes, born in Branford, 
Conn., July 29, 1756, married in 1779 at West 
Braltleboro, Va., Chloe Smith, born 1762, 
daughter of Israel Smith and his wife Abigail 
Chandler. In 1782 he was Ensign in the South 
Company of Brattleboro, under Captain 
Artemus How, in the Cumberland County (N. 
Y.) regiment. His son. Rutherford, born in 
1787, married in 1813, Sophia Birchard, and 



died in Ohio in 1822, three months before 
President Hayes was born. Rutherford, 
Senior, was the son of Ezekiel Hayes (1724- 
1807) of Conn., who collected supplies and 
e-x^iorted them by ox teams to Yorktown, 
where he was Quartermaster. Sophia 
Birchard was the daughter of Roger Birchard 
and his wife, Drusilla Austin, and grand- 
daughter of Elias Birchard, (born Franklin, 
Conn., 1729, married in 1758 Sarah Jacobs) 
who fought at Bunker Hill, and was a soldier 
in Huntington's regiment in 1776, and Daniel 
Austin, who turned out at the Alarms through- 
out the Revolution. Roger Birchard was at 
Boston in 1775, in Capt. Experience Storr's 
compan)', under Col. Israel Putnam and Israel 
Smith (1739-1811) served several terms in 
the Militia. 

13. James Ballon, born in Cumberland, R. I., 
April 25, 1761, died at Richmond, N. H., Oct- 
ober 15, 1808. He served in 1778 and 1779 at 
Rhode Island, as a fifer in the N. H. troops, 
and in 1786 married Mehetable Ingalls. Their 
daughter, Eliza, born at Richmond, N. H., mar- 
ried Abram Garfield, of Massachusetts and 
New York, and finally moved to Ohio, where 
the President was born in Cuyahoga County. 
James Ballou's father, also James (or Jeams) 
Ballon, who moved to Richmond, N. H., from 
Rhode Island before the Revolution, was one 
of those who did not sign the Test in 1776, but 
gave as their reason : " We do not Believe that 
it is the Will of God to take Away the Lives of 
our fellow craters not that We Come Out 
Against the Congress or the Amarican Lib- 
erties but When Ever We are Convinct to the 
Contory We are Redy to joine our Amarican 
Brieathen to Defend by Arms against the 
Hostile attempts of the British fleets 
and Armies." 

14. Uriah Stone was born in Piermont, N. H., 
in 1748, and died there in 1810. He served 
under Colonel Timothy Bedel in 1775 ; was one 
of the Guard at Haverhill, N. H., in 1776, and 
was Corporal under Captain John Sloan at 
Bennington, Vt, in 1777. He married Hepzibah 
Hadley and had a large family. About 1800 
five of the sons — John, Samuel, Benjamin, 
George Washington and James Stone — moved 
to Berkshire, Vt. George Washington Stone 
had a daughter, Malvina, born April 29, 1802, 
in Berkshire, Vt., who married William Arthur, 
a young Irishman, and named her second son, 
Chester Abell, for the husband of her cousin, 
Abigail, granddaughter of Benjamin and 
Hannah (Corliss) Stone. 

15. Rev. Aaron Cleveland was born in East 
Haddam, Conn., in 1744, and died in Conn, in 
1815. He married in 1768 Abiah Hide, born in 

1749, and daughter of Capt. James Hide (1707- 
1794) and his wife, Sarah Marshall, of Nor- 
wich, Conn. Intensely patriotic. Rev. Aaron 
Cleveland was one of the most influential cit- 
izens of Norwich in arousing the sentiment of 
the people; was member, and often chairman 
of the various Committees of Correspondence, 
Public Safety, etc., and unfailing in his zeal. 

16. David McKinley, born in York County, 
Penna., March 16, 1755, married Sarah Gray, 
and died in New Lisbon, Ohio, in 1840. He en- 
listed in 1776 in the Flying Camp. His com- 
pany was detailed at Fort Washington and he 
was the only one not captured. He applied for 
a pension in 1832 from Ohio, to which state he 
moved in 1814, and it was allowed for 21 
months of actual service as private. 

17. Archibald Bullock was born in Charles- 
ton, S. C. in 1730, and died at Savannah, Ga., 
in 1777. He married in 1764 Mary DeVeaux 
(1747-1818) ; was elected President of the Pro- 
vincial Congress of Georgia in 1775 and 1776; 
and elected Delegate to the Continental Con- 
gress in 1776. During that year he was elected 
President of the newly formed state of Georgia, 
the first under the new form of government, and 
it became his imperative duty to return imme- 
diately to Georgia and leave Philadelphia with- 
out signing the Declaration of Independence, 
which he zealously espoused. His son James 
(1765-1806) fled after the invasion of Georgia, 
and in 1781 fought in the Va. State troops. He 
was made an Honorary member of the Georgia 
Cincinnati, and in 1786 married Anne Irvine 
(born in 1770). Their son, James Stephens 
Bulloch married (2) Mrs. Martha (Stewart) 
Elliot, daughter of Daniel Stewart, who joined 
the Revolutionary army when a boy, was cap- 
tured by the British, escaped from a prison ship 
and afterwards served as a Captain under 
Sumter and Marion. Daniel Stewart's grand- 
daughter, Martha Bulloch, married Theodore 
Roosevelt, and became the mother of the Pres- 
ident. On the Roosevelt side. Jacobus 
Roosevelt, great-grandfather of the President, 
who was baptized in New York October 25, 
1759, married Maria Van Schaack (1773-1849. 
and died in New York in 1840, " gave his 
services without reward " as Commissary to 
the Continental troops ; and his father. Jacobus, 
baptized in New York in 1724, was a private in 
the State troops. 

18. Aaron Taft was born in Uxbridge, Alassa- 
chusetts. May 28, 1743, and died at Townsend, 
Vermont, ]\Iarch 26, 1808. He married Rhoda 
Rawson (1749-1827) and served in the Revo- 
lution as a Sergeant in Captain Joseph 
Chapin's company at the Lexington Alarm. 


Ba' Lih- L^ kes Rowe 

FTER forty years of varying 
activities carried on by organ- 
ized groups and individual 
patriots, the movement to 
establish a National Archives 
Hall at Washington for the 
safe keeping of public records and his- 
torical papers is about to reach its frui- 
tion. The new Congress convening in 
March for its first session under the 
Warren G. Harding Administration is 
expected to complete the legislative de- 
tails, so frequently begun in the past, 
for a suitable archives rejiository. 

Even before this article is from the 
press, the last Congress may have taken 
steps to remedy a situation of public 
negligence and carelessness long con- 
demned. It is hardly necessary to point 
out that the imminent success of the 
archives building movement will be of 
supreme interest to the members of the 
Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion. This society was among the first 
agencies to appreciate the national re- 
sponsibility towards keeping unim- 
paired the fragile papers which will 
convey to future generations their 
rightful historical heritages. As early 
as 1878, the Congress was formally re- 
quested to provide for a " hall of 
records " in which the important papers 
of the executive departments of the 
Federal Government could be pre- 

served. The Quartermaster General 
made the request and drew up plans 
for the proposed building. Since that 
time, only one year has passed in 
which som.e member of the cabinet or 
other official has not urged upon the 
Congress the idea of storing and mak- 
ing accessible to the public, the rapidly 
increasing records of the national gov- 
ernment. Approximately fifty bills 
relative to the subject have been in- 
troduced. Most of them rested in the 
committee files until they expired an 
automatic death with each adjourn- 
ment of the Congress. 

In 1903 the Congress did purchase a 
site for an archives depot but did 
not authorize money for the building. 
Meanwhile those officials concerned 
with the building of a new home for the 
Department of the Interior obtained 
permission from the Congress to occupy 
the ground and a handsome structure 
now stands there. In 1914 an appro- 
priation of $50,000 was made for a 
junket to Europe to view the archives 
l;)uildings there preparatory to putting 
up the world's finest in America. Hos- 
tilities abroad compelled that plan to 
be abandoned and the money was re- 
turned to the Treasury. It was found 
that the purposes of the trip could be 
just as well served by diplomatic co- 
operation. The Department of State 



procured plans and specifications as 
well as photographs of a number of the 
magnificent archives buildings in for- 
eign lands. These, loaned or given 
outright to this government, formed a 
basis for the plans now kept ready for 
the prospective American National 
Archives Hall. 

If there be some persons who con- 
sider forty years a long period through 
which to entreat and appeal for such 
an important building, it is interesting 
to know that England was 240 years in 
adopting the suggestion after it Avas 
first presented. It is recorded that 
Francis Bacon in 1616 recommended 
the establishment of a General Records 
Ofiice for the Kingdom of England, 
and about 1858 the first section of that 
building was erected. This was the 
initial unit in the present splendid sys- 
tem of keeping public records in Great 
Britain. It is hardly probable that this 
country will wait until 2118 before 
properly housing the public records of 
its government ! 

The present growing recognition of 
the need to make adequate arrange- 
ments for the Federal archives is a dis- 
tinct sign of a national maturity. The 
American nation, an incipient democ- 
racy in 1776, is about to achieve that 
adult stage which cherishes a perspec- 
tive. At first, those governmental 
bureaus, organized mure than 130 years 
ago, preserved their own papers. By 
and by, under the expansion of the 
prospering nation, the space available 
for such documents became crowded. 
The oldest of these papers, seldom used 
in current business, were sent away to 
cellars and vacant rooms in the same 
or other buildings, always being sub- 
jected to summer dryness and winter 
cold without alleviation from either ex- 
treme, and in perpetual danger from fire. 

Gradually, American historians be- 
came active. They insisted the dead 
files were crammed with information 
of historical and pictorial value and 
that it was shameful to so neglect the 
preservation of this data. Simultane- 
ously, the government officials began 
to discover that whenever they wanted 
to study the decisions of their prede- 
cessors in matters arising within their 
jurisdiction, it was decidedly incon- 
venient to have the desired papers at 
the bottom of a packing box in a garage 
several miles away. Thus the research 
worker and the government official 
joined forces in a movement to erect a 
fireproof, burglar-proof, and otherwise 
appropriate building. 

Public opinion expressed through 
such groups as the Daughters of the 
American Revolution, the American 
Historical Association, and the Society 
of the S. A. R. has supplemented their 
efforts. But the most acute stimulus 
to the movement has been the recent 
World War. Whatever note was struck 
in those peaceful pre-war days about 
the criminal neglect of valuable public 
records can be given a trebled em- 
phasis now. Historians and public- 
spirited citizens, who urged a scientifi- 
cally constructed archives depot prior 
to 1916. have a vast and unexpected 
support to their cause in the mass of 
records accruing from the first war 
fought by American soldiers on 
European soil. 

There are now records marking the 
turn of an old era in American history 
to be added to the Revolutionary data 
and other notable files held by the Ad- 
jutant General of the Army. Such 
records as tell of modern musketeers 
flying by day and by night to defend 
the traditions of the men whose unshod 
feet bled on the snow at A'allev Forge ; 



MO.S ... '--^5c\7."cs.\sSo°;sr/i''i.rcK'isrB".i.r/o =/„\^sr- — 



records of armored motor cars which 
transported the descendants of the men 
who crossed the Delaware with Gen- 
eral George AVashington ; records of 
every phase of America's part in what 
is hoped will be the last world war — - 
all scattered here, there, and yonder in 
lofts and hallways. The Chief of Stafif 
of the U. S. Army has declared that 
documents of historical importance 
under his surveillance have had to go 
into any odd corner available. These 
papers, improperly safeguarded, in- 
clude all the records of the regular and 
volunteer armies from the Revolution 
to the Punative Expedition into Mexico 
in 1916. Pay rolls, muster rolls, cor- 
respondence books, reports, orders, 
document files and returns of the men 
who have defended the American gov- 
ernment since its beginning now lie a 
prey to insects, steam-pipe moisture 
and foul air of illy ventilated quarters. 
Papers covering the courts martial 
throughout the history of the nation 
are stored in wooden boxes in some 
out of the way place because there is 
nowhere they can be deposited correctly. 
And bits of romantic history are dor- 
mant in the huddled-up papers of the 
Engineer Corps of the Army. This 
branch treasures the records of forti- 
fications, monuments in the national 
parks, data about state boundaries, and 
the remains of the sunken battleship 
Maine in very doubtful storage facili- 
ties at present. Over and over again 
the Congress has been told about the 
impossibility of renting sufficient fire- 
proof storage room in the District of 
Columbia for the surplus files of the 
departments. The reason for this short- 
age as told by the Treasury officials is the 
comparatively recent introduction of 
fireproofing into construction. In 
those instances where local storasre 

warehouses may be rented — as shown 
in one of the accompanying photo- 
graphs — the papers are put on shelves 
in a manner which requires days of 
searching to find the wanted document. 
In addition to the land records, the ma- 
terial in the files of the Engineer Corps, 
which dates back nearly 150 years, has 
to do with the operations of its officers. 
Many of these men afterwards came to 
be prominent in the aiTairs of the re- 
public and their careers thus became 
a part of the personal history of 
this country. 

The records of the Air Service and 
the Motor Transport Service, the two 
newest developments of warfare, pre- 
sent a real problem under existing con- 
ditions. The former acknowledges it 
has been unable to solve its difficulty. 
The latter has to find some way to take 
care of the plans made for the motor 
transport establishments, here and 
overseas, the specifications and designs 
for the new cars and other inventions. 
Valuable, and in some cases priceless, 
papers are now in the consulates and 
missions maintained by the United 
States abroad. These must be brought 
back to Washington. The diplomatic 
archives already are filled with papers 
of vital interest, especially in corre- 
spondence between the Secretary of 
State and various officials, and the re- 
ports of trained State Department ob- 
servers in other countries. Besides, 
there are the papers relating to the ad- 
ministration of the territories before 
they became states of the union. The 
impossibility of finding these papers 
without special guidance is a favorite 
example cited as an argument for a 
properly indexed and arranged archives 
depot. There are. no archival papers 
more sought for at the National Capital 
than those for the territories. These 





territories were administered by the 
State Department prior to 1873, but the 
Department of the Interior later fell 
heir to them. This does not mean these 
papers are concentrated in either place. 
They may be found anywhere along a 
trail from the Senate and the House 
of Representatives to the General 
Land OfTfice. Western historical socie- 
ties are dependent upon the territorial 
papers for information about their 
earliest endeavors. 

The war also gave the papers of the 
War Trade Board to the State Depart- 
ment, records of a most confidential and 
delicate nature touching, as they do, 
the international trade relations. It 
has not been decided what will become 
of these files if a depot is not erected. 

Wooden boxes hold the records of 
the Department of Justice, which ex- 
tend back to 1790. This same kind of 
container will also be likely to hold the 
10,000 drawers of war matter resulting 
from spy and other recent troubles. 
The Alien Property Custodian has 
turned over to this department the 
papers in the 50,000 trust estates ad- 
m-'nistered by the government during 
the war. Still another function of the 
government identified with war is the 
payment of pensions. The Pension 
Office has 3,000.000 files and 1,464,000 
pounds of records of the wars of 
America, inclusive of the World War. 
When the archives get as voluminous 
as this, the question of floor support 
enters, for this quantity of paper is too 
heavy for the average structure. 
Apropos of the danger to these files in 
helter-skelter arrangement, it is said 
that in one storage building where valu- 
able papers were placed, several floors 
contained barrels of oil and gasoline. 

In the Indian oflfice are papers of 
great historical value, going back to 

the latter part of the eighteenth century 
and giving authentic accounts of In- 
dian life, treaties with the Indians, and 
autograph letters of practically all the 
Presidents. These are inaccessible for 
reference, as they are now stored. No 
less fascinating to the student of 
American history are the economic ex- 
periments made during the World War 
by this government. The Railroad 
Administration is a case in point, being 
the first American attempt at Federal 
control of a public utility outside of the 
post offices. There are thousands of 
these records to be gathered in from 
the various regional outposts of the 
railway experience. The Shipping 
Board, with its rejuvenation of the 
Merchant Marine, has files which are 
valuable because they are the only pro- 
tection this country has in fraudulent 
and sincere shipping claims. This 
Board does not have its own building 
at Washington and, like most tenants, 
never has enough closet space for stor- 
age. The United States Tariff Com- 
mission is not a war creation, but it has 
contributed a thought on the subject 
of archives storage which is timely. It 
is this : 

" As the value of commercial and in- 
dustrial information diminishes in re- 
lation to current policies, its worth 
increases as a body of historical mate- 
rial furnishing accurate light on eco- 
nomic conditions here." 

This is exactly the line of reasoning 
followed by the Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution in its agitation for proper 
archives storage. 

Those departments devoted to the 
domestic affairs of the nation are 
clamoring just as eagerly for a central 
structure in which to place their 
records. A little touch of the dramatic 
was injected into the situation only a 




few weeks ago when a fire broke out 
in the wooden shelving holding the 
schedules of the early census returns. 
A cigarette, carelessly thrown into the 
cellar of the Department of Commerce 
building by an employee is said to have 
caused the ignition. The records of 
the census of 1890 were practically 
destroyed, officials estimating that 
$2,000,000 and several months of work 
will be the price to pay for their res- 
toration. Those of the years before 
1860 were not damaged in the least and 
for this there is much gratitude, since 
they are the first of the enumerations 
in this covmtry. 

The Congress was in session at the 
time of the latest fire to threaten the 
destruction of archives and renewed its 
discussion of a proper storage plant. 
Representative William Hill, of New 
York, in the House, and Senator 
Smoot. of Utah, in the upper chamber, 
asked for investigations that ways and 
means might be found to more ade- 
quately safeguard these papers. Mr. 
Hill, in asking for the inquiry, said the 
last time he had seen the Declaration 
of Independence it was enclosed in a 
steel safe, a light affair with inside fit- 
tings of wood. " The safe would not 
burn," said the representative, " but it 
would require little fire to so heat it 
that the contents would be charred 
and destroyed." 

The Department of Commerce also 
has statistical information of a non- 
census nature running back to 1847 
that could not be restored at any price 
or under any condition. Its shipping 
files contain copies of documents of 
vessels since 1813. and the lighthouse 
records could not be duplicated if the 
fire had reached those shelves. Former 
Secretary Redfield reported to the Con- 
gress that he had found shockinsf con- 

ditions in the storerooms of the Coast 
and Geodetic Survey. Papers author- 
izing the land titles to the whole 
Atlantic seaboard from Canada to Key 
West, involving millions of dollars 
worth of property, are placed on 
wooden rollers there in the most 
crowded way. The expensive, engraved 
plates of the maps of the United States 
used by the government are also kept 
on these rollers and the scientific li- 
brary of the Survey is subject to an 
equal fire menace. 

" Dead files " is an unknown element 
among records, says the Land Office, 
as every paper helps along the search 
for information, either directly or in- 
directly. Consequently the need for 
accomodations where every paper may 
be found within a reasonable length of 
time without standing ankle deep in 
water in some cellar is brought to pub- 
lic attention by this bureau. Its 
records form the first link in the chain 
of title to all lands ever a part of the 
public domain and are most important 
in school and similar grants. And 
closest to the feminine heart, perhaps, 
are the scientific papers of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture where discoveries 
of incalculable value are stored in corri- 
dors and attics, and meeting all the 
hazards therein. Few of the govern- 
ment departments will be more ready 
for the protecting care of the proposed 
depot than this branch of the govern- 
ment, standing so close to the food 
supply of its citizens. 

The present status of public archives 
storage herein outlined could be ex- 
tended at length. Enough has been 
cited, it is believed, to verify the claims 
of government officials that the build- 
ing will not be erected too soon. In- 
deed, it would seem that it would hardly 



be possible to erect a strvicture large 
enough to care for all the accumulation. 
According to the government archi- 
tects, the building as planned will hold 
a surprising amount in its steel stacks, 
such as are used for books in the Li- 
brary of Congress. The strvicture will 
be enlarged as the years demand. Just 
now the talk is about building the first 
portion of the structure without any 
exterior finish of a permanent nature, 
this to be put on when prices have 
tumbled. It was never intended to 
make the building a palace of adorn- 
ment but a depot, handily located and 
properly equipped so that the public 
might have access to the records so 
dear to the heart of the genealogist and 
student. The site generally regarded 
as the one likely to be selected lies ad- 
jacent to the Post Office Department. 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
who have visited Washington can 
place its locality by the fact that it 

faces the trolley station where cars are 
taken for Mount Vernon. A street bi- 
sects the block of land there and im- 
provements of a relatively inexpensive 
nature have been made. There has 
been nothing definite decided up to 
date, and the Congress may shift the 
archives environment to another spot. 
The championship of Senator Smoot, 
who is now chairman of the Public 
Building and Grounds Committee, al- 
most insures the bill's passage during 
the new Congress. The point on which 
he argues the expediency of spending 
money even in post-war days is the 
release of space, now occupied by these 
records, for executive office use. The 
rent bills of the Government in Wash- 
ington are higher each year because 
more office room is demanded. Senator 
Smoot sees in the removal of these 
historic papers a timely opportunity to 
get more desk room out of the pres- 
ent quarters, both rented and owned. 


By Grace \L Pierce, Former Registrar General, N.S. D.A.R. 

Among the members admitted to the 
National Society, Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution at the meeting of the 
National Board of Management held in 
Washington on February 9th was Mrs. 
Florence Kling Harding, wife of the 
President-elect of the United States. ^Irs. 
Harding comes into the Society as a mem- 
ber of the Captain \\'illiam Hendricks 
Chapter of Marion, Ohio, through the 
services of her Revolutionary ancestor. 
Captain Edmund Richards of Connecticut. 

Not since Mrs. Caroline Scott Harri- 
son, first President General of the National 
Society, has a wife of the President of the 

United States been a member of this patri- 
otic organization, although Mrs. Cleve- 
land, Mrs. McKinley, Mrs. Roosevelt, and 
Mrs. Taft were eligible to membership. 

The Society has enrolled in its mem- 
bership many distinguished women, among 
them wives of Cabinet officers, members 
of Congress, and diplomats, many of 
whom have served as state Regents and 
national officers. 

Mrs. Adlai E. Stevenson and Mrs. 
Charles W. Fairbanks, both wives of 
former Vice-Presidents of the United 
States, were elected for two terms each as 
Presidents General of the National Society. 



Assistant Professor of History 
George Washington University 

The Making of the Constitutiox, 1783-1789 

The best treatment of this period for the general reader is in Fiske's Critical Period of 
Ajiierican History. McLaughlin's Tlie Confederation and the Constitution is more detailed. 
The third volume of Channing's History of the United Stales and the first volume of McMaster's 
History of the People of the United States also cover this period. A summary may be found 
in Bassett, pp. 222-250. 

1. The Treaty of Paris. 

Fiske: Critical Period of American 
History, ch. 1. 

(For a more detailed account, 
see Winsor, vol. vii, ch. 2, espe- 
cially pp. 145-151. 
French policy towards the United 

Compare McLaughlin, Confederation 
and Constitution, 18-24 (favorable 
to France), with the above refer- 
ences, and Channing, History of 
the United States, iii, 354-369. 

2. The Articles of Confederation. 

The articles themselves are given 
in MacDonald's Select Docu- 
ments and in many school his- 
tories and text-books on civil 
government (e. g., Fiske's). 
Their Defects. 

Bancroft: v, 454-458; vi, 194. 

McLaughlin: 49-52. 

3. The Troubles of the Confederation. 

Wilson: iii, 53-60. 
Foreign Relations. 

England: Fiske, 134-144. 

Spain: McLaughlin, 89-101. 

McLaughlin: 71-86. 
Finance and Taxation. 

Fiske: 163-177. 

McLaughlin: 53-59. 

Shays' Rebellion. 

Fiske: 177-186. 

McLaughlin: ch. 10. 

4. The West and Its Significance. 

Wilson: iii, 38-52. 
The West in the Treaty of Paris. 
See references under the first topic. 
The Land Cessions. 

Fiske: 187-195, 199 (maps in Bas- 
sett, McLaughlin, Channing). 


The Ordnance of 1787. 

(Text in MacDonald: Select Docu- 
ments, 21-28.) 
Fiske: 196-207. 
Channing: iii, 535-555. 
Roosevelt: Winning of the West, 
vol. iii, ch. 6. (Sagamore ed., 
pt. v, 28-42.) 
The Navigation of the Alississippi. 
Fiske: 208-212. 

McMaster: History of the People of 
the United States, i, 371-382. 

5. Events Leading up to the Convention. 

Fiske: 212-222. 

6. The Convention of 1787. 

Fiske : 230-305 ; or 

Wilson: iii, 67-76. 

Winsor: vii, 237-246. 
The Membership of the Convention. 

Fiske: 223-229. 
The Compromises. 

McLaughlin: 228-242. 

7. The Constitution. 

The text is available in many sepa- 
rate editions and is given in 
most school histories and texts 
in civil government. For an esti- 
mate, see Bryce: American Com- 
monwealth, ch. 3. 
The Federalist. 

The edition most easily obtained 
is that in Everyman's Library; 
the best, if obtainable, is Ford's. 
For an account of its origin and 
influence, see Fiske, 341-344, or 
Lodge's Alexander Hamilton, 
66-70; typical numbers are 12, 
30, 47, 64, 71. 

8. Ratification. 

Fiske: ch. 7. 
McLaughlin: ch. 17, 18. 


In response to the cordial invitation of Ah- 
dah-wah-gam Chapter, the twenty-fourth an- 
nual State Conference of Wisconsin D. A. R. 
assembled in the First Congregational Church 
of Wisconsin Rapids, October 14-15, 1920. 

The session opened with an organ solo by 
Mrs. Isaac P. Witter, and the singing of 
" America," followed by the salute to the flag. 
The invocation was given by the Reverend Rox- 
strow, and our state song, the " Star of Wis- 
consin," was sung by Mrs. E. Ward Blaisdell. 
The meeting was called to order by Mrs. 
Rudolph B. Hartman, State Regent, who an- 
nounced the gift of a gavel made from wood 
from historic Faneuil Hall, Boston, presented 
by Mrs. George Weinhagen, Jr., of Mil- 
w^aukee Chapter. 

Mrs. Falkland MacKinnon, Regent of Ah- 
dah-wah-gam Chapter, gave the address of 
welcome, which was responded to by Mrs. John 
W. Laflin, of Milwaukee. Mrs. John P. Hume, 
Vice-President General, spoke of the splendid 
and inspiring work of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution, and urged the chap- 
ters to keep in touch with the National Society 
through its fine official magazine. Mrs. 
Hartman, in her message to the Conference, 
asked the chapters to join their forces and 
cooperate in State and National work She 
announced the membership in the State of 2217 
members, and one new chapter, making 
Zl chapters. 

The reports of State Chairmen brought 
out much interesting work. Mrs. George 
Dexheimer. Old Trails Chairman, showed the 
maps of the counties on which the old trails 
had been carefully outlined by the Chapter 
Chairman : Airs. Norman T. Gill, Chairman of 
Historic Spots, also had outline maps of each 
county, showing many historic places for the 
Daughters to place markers on ; Airs. Edward 
Ferguson reported that one of our two Real 
Daughters, Airs. Louisa K. Thiers, of Mil- 
waukee Chapter, D. A. R., the oldest Real 
Daughter in the United States, had just 
celebrated her one hundred and sixth birthday. 

Mrs. Wilson B. Alasden, State Director for 

the Children of the American Revolution, 
made a plea that each chapter organize a 
Children's Society. Mr. Furkell then addressed 
the Conference on the Spiritual Meaning 
of Citizenship. 

Friday morning's session opened with music 
and prayer. The report of the Committee on 
the Revision of the By-Laws was read by Mrs. 
A. C. Umbreit, Chairman, and the revised 
By-Laws were adopted. The report of Conti- 
nental Congress was supplemented by Airs. 
Edward Ferguson's very interesting report of 
the Saturday's session and the inspection of the 
historic relics and papers in the State Building, 
Washington. A resolution was adopted to pre- 
sent to Tamassee Industrial School, S. C, a 
$100 founder's scholarship in honor of Airs. 
James Sidney Peck, the founder of the Wis- 
consin Society ; Milwaukee Chapter subscribed 
$25, other subscriptions followed and the full 
amount was raised in a few minutes. Another 
resolution was adopted, to suggest the purchase 
of the historic village of Astalan, near Lake 
Alills, as a State park. 

The afternoon session was devoted to the 
reports of chapters, which showed many sub- 
scriptions to Southern Alountain Schools and 
to International College, at Springfield, Alass., 
payments on the Liberty bond, gift to the Presi- 
dent General's Balcony of wicker tea table, 
classes in foreign groups, observation of Con- 
stitution Day, tablets placed in Janesville 
and Waupun in honor of soldiers, and a marker 
placed by Fort Atkinson Chapter on the Indian 
intaglio effigy, the only one known in the 
United States. 

The social features of the Conference were 
the delightful luncheons given by the ladies of 
the Ah-dah-wah-gam Chapter, the dinner at 
Hotel Witter, and the most enjoyable reception 
at the lovely home of Airs. Isaac P. Witter. 
The members of the Conference most gratefully 
appreciated the interest and efforts of the gentle- 
men who assisted their wives in making the 
Conference a success and who looked after 
the comfort of each individual guest. 

(AIrs. a. C.) Helen S. Umbreit, 
Corresponding Secretary. 


To Insure Accuracy in the Reading of Names and Promptness in Publication 
Chapter Reports must be Typewritten EDITOR- 



The William, Paterson Chapter, Paterson, 
N. J.) was organized April 17, 1918, with 21 
charter members. We now have a member- 
ship of 37. 

Our meetings are enjoyable, being held in 
the homes of the members. After the meet- 
ing has been opened with prayer by our 
Chaplain, Mrs. Mary Hopper Thorpe, the 
salute to the flag given, and the singing of 
" America," business is transacted. A short 
talk on " International Relations " or 
" Ainericanization " follows, after which we 
have the pleasure of hearing an address by a 
talented citizen or listening to special music. 
Then follows the social hour. 

One unique occasion was an " Historical 
Meeting," at which various extracts from old 
letters of ancestors, historical books and 
pamphlets were read. 

Our Chapter, coming into existence during 
the World War, we naturally found much to 
do as a chapter and as individuals. 

In August, 1918, we gave a supper to 80 
soldiers at the Paterson Y. M. C. A. Several 
members worked faithfully for the Liberty 
Loans. Our Chapter purchased two bonds. 
We gave a goodly amount to the " Linen 
Shower " for our soldiers in France, clothing 
to Belgians, and at various times sent jellies, 
fruit and homemade cakes to the wounded 
at Camp Merritt. 

On July 4, 1919, Paterson gave a " Welcome 
Home " to the soldiers. The William Paterson 
Chapter was represented by a very attractive 
" Peace Float " in the parade. This same day 
we acted as hostesses at the War Community 
Club to all returned " heroes." 

We gave our quota to the National Society 
for the Liberty Loan, as well as the required 
amount to Tilloloy. We subscribed to the Red 
Cross, International Institute for the Ameri- 
canization of the foreign women, and to the 
charity organization of our city. We have pre- 
sented the Constitution posters to the public and 
private schools of Paterson. It has given us 
pleasure to bring our beloved Society before the 
public by installing the Daughters of the 
American REvoLUTioisr Magazine in the read- 

ing room of the Paterson Public Library. The 
Chapter subscription and the many private sub- 
scriptions of the members assist in keeping us 
in touch with the work of the National Society. 
We showed interest in education in our home 
State by contributing toward the fund which has 
made the New Jersey Daughters a founder of 
the new Woman's College at New Brunswick. 
At one of our spring meetings the members 
pledged to raise money for Americanization and 
other work of a patriotic nature. Two affairs 
have been held which have greatly enriched our 
treasury. We expect various affairs to follow. 

Every Decoration Day the graves of Revolu- 
tionary soldiers are decorated with American 
flags and Martha Washington geraniums bear- 
ing D. A. R. pennants. 

Lafayette Day, September 6, 1919, was fit- 
tingly celebrated, members of the William 
Paterson Chapter taking a pilgrimage to the 
headquarters of General Lafayette (one-half 
mile distant from General Washington's head- 
quarters) at Preakness, N. J. This house was 
the residence of the great-grandparents, grand- 
parents and mother of our Regent, Aliss Emma 
B. Ranch fuss, in their generations. Exercises 
of a suitable nature took place, and an address, 
" Lafayette, the Alan," by Hon. Henry Alarelli, 
of Paterson, N. J., was greatly enjoyed. 

A patriotic meeting was held February 21, 
1920, at the home of Rev. and Mrs. F. A. West, 
opposite Washington's headquarters at Totowa. 
Washington's prayer was read, his favorite 
hymn read and played, and a paper " Washing- 
ton and Lincoln," presented, and an address 
made by the Rev. F. A. West. 

It has been our pleasure to accede to the 
requests of the National Society. We are ever 
mindful that we must work for " Home and 
Country," and trust that the coming years, 
together with the past months of our existence, 
may be filled with deeds worthy the Daughters 
of the American Revolution. 

A. Rose Rauchfuss, 

Ellicott Chapter (Falconer, N. Y.). At the 
beginning of the year, and under the regency 





of Mrs. Delia Hooker Johnson, the member- 
ship was 36. 

Americanization has been the great work 
of the Chapter this year. A committee con- 
sisting of Mrs. Inez Crosby, Miss Gertrude 
Mosher and Mrs. Frederica DeBell was ap- 
pointed by our Regent. Through their efforts 
a public meeting was called and an Ameri- 
canization League formed, the business men 
of the village taking an active interest in the 
work. A mothers' club was formed early in 
the year composed of Ainerican and Italian 
women, who furnished entertainment for the 
meetings. The severe winter weather and 
serious illness in the village prevented the 
success we might have attained. A night 
school was organized with a paid teacher. 
Seventeen meetings were held. Hoine 
classes were also conducted for the benefit of 
the women for a limited period before the 
suspension of work for the summer. A com- 
munity festival, including a pageant (" The 
Pilgrims ") was held in May, in which the 
entire village was interested. The suin of 
$237.21 was realized, and in every respect 
it was a splendid success. 

Five beautiful bronze markers for our 
memorial trees were presented to the Chap- 
ter, the gift of our Secretary, Miss Gertrude 
E. Mosher. Three of our memorial elm 
trees have been reset by the Chapter. 

A French orphan has been provided for 
for another year, and at Christmas a box of 
clothing and gifts were sent to her. Grateful 
acknowledgment has been received for this 
gift from the little girl herself. 

A beautiful silk banner with gold lettering, 
at a cost of $85, was presented at a public 
meeting to the Henry Mosher Post by our 
Regent, which was the gift of the Chapter. 

A prize in gold was presented to the pupil 
having the highest Regent's mark in the 

American History Class at the High School 
Commencement, with a fitting address by 
our Regent. 

The sum of $10 was given to the Chapter 
for Near East Relief and $10 for State work 
in Ainericanization. 

Myrtle wreaths were made by a committee 
and placed on the graves of the soldiers who 
fought in the Revolution and in the War of 
1812 on Decoration Day. 

The Chapter has regularly subscribed for 
a copy of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution Magazine for the Public Library. 

Constitution Day was observed for the 
first time this year. Twelve copies of the 
LTnited States Constitution were secured and 
posted in business houses. 

The annual luncheon and election of offi- 
cers was held on September 20, 1920, at the 
home of Mrs. W. R. Johnson. The follow- 
ing officers were elected: Regent, Mrs. E. F. 
Jollie; Vice Regent, Mrs. H. N. Crosby; Re- 
cording Secretary, Miss Cora Harris; Corre- 
sponding Secretary, Mrs. Frederica DeBell; 
Treasurer, Miss Gertrude E. Mosher; His- 
torian, Mrs. Kate E. Davis; Registrar, Miss 
Ethel E. Sample. 

At this meeting a gift was received from 
Mrs. Myrtle Reed, Organizing Regent of the 
Chapter, of a sum of money placed on an 
interest account as a nucleus for a memorial 
fund, and Mrs. Alinnie Smith presented the 
Chapter with a newspaper dated January 4, 
1800, attractively framed, in memory of her 
sister, Mrs. Williams. 

To our retiring Regent we cannot say 
enough in praise of her great tact and con- 
sideration toward us all, and in turn we have 
tried to follow her, and we want her to feel 
assured that she has been a credit to the 
great organization that she has represented; 
that on each public occasion where she has 



represented us, we have been proud of her, 
and to her we give the credit of the good 
work achieved, and, as much as we regret 
her retirement, we welcome with the same 
loyahy our new Regent for the coming year. 
Mrs. Kate E. Davis, 

Independence Hall Chapter (Philadelphia, 
Pa.) is twenty-one years old, and has a mem- 
bership of 90, having added 13 new members 
during the year, with several more applications 
awaiting acceptance. 

The Chapter held its regular monthly meet- 
ings with a business session, followed by a 
program outlining a series of addresses on 
" How the Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion Can Help in Peace Times," "In American- 
ization, Civics, In Legislation, In Agriculture, 
In Professional Life, and in Music." 

In appropriations we have given the required 
amount for the support of four French or- 
phans, $10 to the Roosevelt Memorial Associa- 
tion, and $10 to the Boy Scouts for flags. 

We have increased our subscriptions with 12 
new subscribers to the Daughters of the 
American Revolution Magazine, making a 
total of 27. 

The War Service Records of eight of our 
soldier boys was filed with the Chairman of 
the Committee on Military Records. A copy 
of the Proceedings of the Twenty-third Con- 
ference was placed in our Public Library. 
A luncheon of 80 covers, given at the Hotel 
Rittenhouse December 13th, marked our Twen- 
ty-first Charter Day. In June members of the 
Chapter raised over $125 to be used for future 
demands on our treasury. On Flag Day the 
Chapter joined with other Philadelphia chap- 
ters at Independence Hall in presenting fifty 
army flags to fifty newly organized companies 
of Boy Scouts. 

Our Patriotic Pilgrimage led us this j'ear to 
the quaint old town of New Castle, on the 
shores of the Delaware. 

Because of the splendid spirit shown by our 
members and their untiring zeal in the cause, 
Independence Hall Chapter is looking forward 
to greater achievements. 

Mrs. Walter Field Peet, 

Major General Samuel Elbert Chapter 

(Tennille, Ga.). First meeting of the fall was 
held on Sept. 16, 1920, at the home of Mrs. W. 
C. Little. Our newly elected Regent, Miss 
Nan Harman, presided. Our Chapter has grown 
and prospered since it was organized in 1913, 
and has a membership of 42 and 9 new applica- 
tion papers at Washington. 

All requests for money have been met. We 

have observed Constitution Day, Lafayette and 
Columbus Day and the Mayflower celebration. 
In observing the latter interesting talks were 
made by Rev. W. A. Mallory, of the Tennille 
Methodist Church, and Mrs. H. M. Franklin, 
Past State President, U. D. C. 

We are very proud of our library. \\'e have 
the following books for research work: Six- 
teen lineage books, second and third volumes of 
the Joseph Habersham Chapter of historical 
collections. Historj* of the invasion of North 
Carolina, 1780-178l' by David Schenck, LL.D., 
History of Upper South Carolina by Logan ; 
Historical, sketch of Ohoopie Baptist Church, 
Washington County. A copy of this volume 
will be sent to the Librarian General at Wash- 
ington. We have placed the American Creed 
in all schools and public places. We have also 
ofiFered a medal to the pupil in the eleventh 
grade for the highest mark in the American His- 
tory. All members contributed 25 cents to the 
immigrant manual fund. We have marked the 
graves of seven Revolutionary soldiers and have 
applied for two more government markers. 

We have nine subscribers to the Daughters 
OF the American Revolution Magazine and 
hope to soon have all members subscribe. A 
C. A. R. of the county has been organized and 
a number of the children in our town are mem- 
bers. We have just had published beautiful year 
books printed by the local printing press in a 
well-arranged study of Southern authors. 

Under the able leadership of our new Regent, 
]\Iiss Nan Harman. we hope to sustain in the 
coming year the record of the one just passed, 
and to meet the new appeals with the same 
generous response. 

Mrs. George Riley, 

Cahokia Mound Chapter (East St. Louis, 
111.) should have appeared among the birth 
records of 1920. This is a flourishing infant 
which is attracting much attention in neigh- 
boring D. A. R. circles. 

The East St. Louis Daughters have been en- 
tertained by the Belleville Chapter, and when 
the Missouri Daughters held their state meet- 
ing in St. Louis in October, Cahokia Alound 
Chapter was invited to attend and to send six 
members to act as pages. 

At the November meeting a number of dis- 
tinguished visitors were present : Mrs. H. E. 
Chubbuck, of Peoria, and Mrs. John Trigg 
Moss, State Regents of Illinois and Missouri ; 
Mrs. Nevin C. Lesher, Galesburg, 111., State 
Recording Secretary ; Mrs. C. B. Harrison, 
Regent Belleville Chapter ; Miss Essie Matlack, 
Regent Cornelia Greene Chapter, St Louis, 
and Mrs. Justice M. Pfaff. of St. Louis. All the 



visitors made excellent talks about the various 
activities of the D. A. R. 

Miss Genevieve Jepson of the East St. Louis 
High School faculty, a descendant of the Pil- 
grims, told of the sailing of the Pilgrims, 
tracing their record in England, Holland and 
America. Mrs. Urhetta Dorsett Smith, Regent 
of the hostess chapter, spoke of the desirability 
of enlisting the interest of the public, and 
especially that of the Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, in a project of making Cahokia 
Mound either a national or a state park in 
order that it may be preserved for future gen- 
erations. It is situated near East St. Louis and 
is the largest and most ancient of the works of 
the Mound Builders. 

At the meeting of the National Association of 
American Indians held in St. Louis in Novem- 
ber, they decided to try to have September 4th 
set aside and generally observed as Indian Day. 
If they are successful, they plan to have a big 
meeting of the tribes at Cahokia Mound the 4th 
of next September, and there go through all 
the ancient ceremonials and dances of 
their people. 

Lucv Clanahan Smith, 

Marion Chapter ( Fayetteville, Ark.). 
Regent, Mrs. Fanny Wooddy; Vice-Regent, 
Mrs. Sam Nunneley ; Secretary, Mrs. Leland 
Bryan ; Registrar, Miss Margaret Galloway ; 
Treasurer, Mrs. Cener Hight ; Historian, Mrs. 
Fred Baender; Parliamentarian, Mrs. E. 
M. Ratliff. 

This Chapter was organized in 1909, with a 
membership of 12. Since that time we have 
gained 45 members, with 5 applications pending. 
Yearly we have interesting topics for study. 
Aside from our regular programs, we are wide- 
awake and active. Each year in February we 
have a patriotic service at one of the city 
churches. We contribute annually to our city 
public library and to the Helen Dunlap School 
for Girls at Winslow, Ark. 

The most important event in the social life of 
the Chapter is Marion Chapter's " Birthday 
Luncheon," which occurs in December. One of 
the most enjoyable luncheons has just been held 
at the home of Mrs. E. M. Ratliff. 

The crowning feature of this year's work was 
directing the erection of a county memorial to 
the S3 Washington County heroes who made 
the supreme sacrifice in the late war. This 
work was accomplished under the able leader- 
ship of Miss Georgia Norman, chairman of 
the county committee. 

The memorial is a beautiful painting, the 
work of a distinguished artist. The central 
figure is the " Angel of V^ictory,'' representing 
the womanhood of America. At either side is a 

tablet; upon these are the names of the boys 
who sleep in Flanders. Immediately at the right 
is seen the American Indian, followed 
by a series of figures, representing the names 
of American discoverers and explorers, namely: 
DeSoto, DeTonti, LaSalle, Cabot and Mar- 
quette. At the left is seen the Minute Man of 
the American Revolution ; following, the soldier 
of the War Between the States, and the War 
with Spain ; all of these pressing close behind 
the stalwart figure of the American soldier 
of 1917-18. 

This picture hangs in the main corridor of 
the county court house. As the last rays of 
the setting sun fall on the soft colors, they 
make more sacred the memory and deeds of 
our sleeping boys. 

(Mrs. Leland) Gertrude WATSo^f Bryan, 


Anne Brewster Fanning Chapter (Jewett 
City, Conn.). Two events of especial interest 
have marked the work of the Chapter this year. 
In May a reception was given for the members 
of the evening school, and we believe that herein 
is an opportunity to promote Americaniza- 
tion work. 

During the march of patriotic organizations 
on Memorial Day, the line was halted just as 
the local post of the American Legion reached 
the public library. Here a tree had been planted 
and a tablet placed in memory of the five young 
men of the town who made the supreme sac- 
rifice in the World War. Our secretary, Mrs. 
B. C. Bliss, made an eloquent patriotic address 
of dedication. A flag was placed by Mrs. G. H. 
Jennings and a laurel wreath by Mrs. J. H. 
Tracy. These three Daughters had sons who 
were officers in the service. Mrs. G. H. Prior 
sang the Connecticut State Song. 

There has been a marked increase in sub- 
scriptions to the Daughters of the American 
Revolution Magazine. A copy is placed in the 
school library and also in the rooms of the 
American Legion. Posters of the American's 
Creed and copies of the Federal Constitution 
have been distributed among the grammar 
grades and in public places. Prizes were given 
for essays on the Monroe Doctrine. 

Alice A. Brown, 

Jemima Johnson Chapter (Paris, Ky.). An 
interesting entertainment given by Jemima 
Johnson Chapter was a Relic Exhibit held at 
Masonic Hall. We hope to complete two pro- 
jects of historic interest in the near future; the 
marking of Martin's Fort, recently located, and 
the erection of a tablet in memory of the Revo- 
lutionary soldier buried in Bourbon County. 
For the latter task, the Chapter wants the 



cooperation of all the Daughters in completing 
and correcting the honor roll. 

The following soldiers, at one time residents 
of Bourbon County are buried elsewhere : 

Barnett, John P., Johnston County, Ind. ; 
Barnett, Ambrose, Nicholas County, Ky. ; 
Bryan, Geo., Sr., Springfield, 111. ; Branham, 
John, Scott County, Ky. ; Dudley, Ambrose, 
Fayette County, Ky. ; Gilpin, Israel, Boone 
County, Ky. ; Givens, Wm., Union County, Ky. ; 
Peers, Maj . Valentine, Mason County, Ky. ; 
Purviance, John, North Carolina ; Stoker, 
Edward, Nicholas County, Ky. ; Shipp, Laban, 
Hopkinsville, Ky. ; Smith, Capt. Jas., Washing- 
ton County, Ky. ; Stoner, Geo. Michael, 
Wayne County, Ky. ; Shropshire, Abner, Scott 
County, Ky. 

The burial places of the following men have 
been located, the last four approximately : 

Allen, Alaj.: John, Barnett, Alexander, Bran- 
ham, Wm. Bourne, Banta, Henry, Batterton, 
Samuel, Beall (Bell) Archibald, Ewalt, Henry, 
Garrard, Gov. Jas., Hedges, Joseph, Kennedy, 
Thos., Kenny, Jas., Lander, Chas., Miller, Maj. 
John Luckie, Robert, McConnell, Wm., Pugh, 
Joseph, Rogers, Nathaniel, Rodgers, Thos, 
Shaw, John, Stark, James, Varnon, John, Wil- 
mott, Robert, Wilson, Henry, Williams, Hub- 
bard, Breast, John, Caldwell, Wm., Clay, Sam'l, 
Clay, John. 

The pension list includes the following men 
about whom the committee has little or 
no information : 

Barbey, Elijah, Bates, Thos., Battson, Alor- 
decai, Sr., Battson, Mordecai, Jr., Bowles, 
Samuel, Busby, James, Campbell, Sergt. Wm., 
Crose, Henry (local hist.). Conn, Capt. Thos. 
(local hist.), Clinkenbeard, Isaac, Cockerel, 
Peter, Cook, Wm., Sr. (local hist.), Dawson, 
Wm., Delaney, Daniel (local hist.), Duncan, 
Capt. Jas. (local hist.), Dowden, Sergt. Clem- 
entine, Drebuler, John, Endicott, Moses, For- 
guerson, Peter, Harris, Nathaniel (Collins 
Hist), Harris, Sergt. Wm., Hawes, Andrew, 
Hayes, Thos., Hennis, Benj. (Collins' Hist.), 
Hill, Robt., Humphries, Jos., Jackson, Jos., 
Jones, Thos., Kelly, Thos., Kendrick. Benoni, 
Lockwood, Sam'l, McLeod, John, ]\Iiller, John, 
Pater, Robt., Pritchett, Jas., Raine, Nathaniel, 
Smith, Michael (Collins' Hist.), Palmer, 
Joseph (local hist.), Stripp, John, Terrill, John, 
Whaley, Capt. Benj., Whittington, John, Wil- 
liams, Benj. 

Some data concerning the following men is 
available, but more is wanted : 

Ament, Philip, Amos, Nicholas D., Corbin, 
Sergt. Lewis, Davis, James, Forgey, Hugh, 
Edwards, Geo., Edwards, John, Gist, Col. 
Nathaniel, Gist, Thos., Hinkston, Maj. John, 
Harrison, Col. Benj., Jameson, David, Jamer- 
son, John M., Jones, James, Kindrick, Benj., 

Martin, John, McClanahan, Thos., Sr., Mc- 
Dowell, Daniel, Mitchell, Joseph, Purviance, 
Capt. Jas., Perker, Aquilla, Patton, Wm., 
Ruddel, Isaac, Spears, Jacob. Shaw, Thos., 
Stevens, Jos. L., Speaks, Hezekiah, Steele, Wm., 
Talbott, Isham, Lieut., Thomas, Moses, 
Thomas, Wm.. Thornton, Thos., Wiggington, 
Henry (Collins' Hist.), Hutchcraft, Thos. 
(local hist.). 

Men for whom land was surveyed in Bour- 
bon on military warrants. How many of these 
are buried there ? 

Chew, Joseph, Craig, James, Crawford, 
\'alentine (heirs), Eliot, Thos (heirs), Grif- 
fith, Wm., Hedges, John, Ingels, Wm., Johns- 
ton, Benj. Johnson, Richard, Kenedy, Wm., 
Mappin, Jas., Montague, Thos., Preston, Jas. 
Patton, Preston, Wm.. Smith, Chas., Smith, 
Joseph, Stephenson, Hugh, Vass, Reuben, 
Yates, Alichael. 

Mrs. Lewis Rogers, Chairman. 

Miss Letitia Hedges, Historian. 

Mrs. W. H. Whitley, Registrar. 

Neodesha Chapter (Neodesha, Kan.), was 
organized January, 1914, with 17 charter mem- 
bers, and now has 34 members. We have now as 
a member of our Chapter a Real Granddaugh- 
ter of the Revolution — Airs. Mary E. Linn. 

Mrs. Grace Barton Blakeslee has the distinc- 
tion of length of membership, having joined the 
first state organization. 

It has been an active chapter since the be- 
ginning, responding as generously as it could 
to all calls from National and State societies. 
Its first patriotic work was the celebration of 
Washington's birth. A service was held in the 
Christian Church, in which the city was invited 
to take part. A reception was held in the Com- 
mercial Club rooms, where about one hundred 
representative citizens were entertained by a 
patriotic program, after which luncheon was 
served and dancing followed. 

The annual observance of Flag Day is held, 
and the D. A. R. chapter presented posters to 
the dififerent schools, with the American flag, 
its rules and regulations, the penalties for the 
desecrations of the flag, the national pledge and 
salute of the flag printed upon it. 

In April, 1915, the Nodesha Chapter won the 
prize for the most loyal support of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
AIagazine by the members. 

We have presented a flag to our local society 
of the American Legion. We have also given 
some support to schools for girls in Georgia. 

When the war began we organized the county 
chapter of Red Cross, and v/e feel that in that 
grand work we did something worth while. 

We contributed to the support of a camp- 
mother, also subscribed to the maintenance of 



the war orphans of France, to the Tilloloy fund, 
and magazines and papers were sent to camps 
and to those in service. 

We are now taking up civic work and hope to 
do some good work here at home. 

Our Chapter meetings are well attended and 
the members interested and anxious to do 
something for the good and advancement of the 
community and nation. 

(Mrs.) Emma Van Buren, 
Corresponding Secretary. 

New Rochelle Chapter (New Rochelle, 
N. Y.). Since our Regent's Day reception in 
1919 we have to report that another successful 
year of activity has been scored. Our efforts 
along Americanization lines may be briefly 
noted as follows : Our able chairman, Mrs. 
H. L. Moore, started with the understanding 
that work of the kind must be begun with 
tact, i.e., the " clever camouflage " which is 
advised. Therefore her first move was to select 
one Italian family consisting of a widow, a 
blind sister and five children. This family was 
adopted, so to speak, by the Chapter and given 
a genuine Christmas, which served to inspire 
confidence. That feeling has since been main- 
tained by visits and other efforts in their behalf. 

Besides the gifts presented at Christmas the 
Chapter also sent them a dinner. Dinners were 
also sent, as well as clothing, etc., to other fam- 
ilies of the settlement, by our Regent and mem- 
bers individually. Fancy baskets made by the 
blind girl were bought in numbers that ren- 
dered her appreciable help. The lame boy of 
the family was aided in securing a position and 
so, by courtesy and kindness any spirit of dis- 
trust had been efifectually exorcised and a feel- 
ing of friendliness established in its place. 

Our chairman has not only received instruc- 
tion herself from those authorized to teach 
practical Americanization work by the State 
Department of Education, but she has solicited 
the cooperation of other New Rochelle organiza- 
tions, churches and schools, many of which are 
represented in these free classes. 

On May 27th our chairman, with other towns- 
women who take this course of instruction, en- 
tertained a party of foreign women at Huguenot 
School, where at least fifty representatives of 
New Rochelle's " Italia '' foregathered. They 
enjoyed the refreshments and took an interest 
in American games, etc., shown in view of 
future efforts among their children. 

On the 4th of this month the Central Amer- 
icanization Committee was formally organized 
with our Mrs. Moore, (instigator of the work 
in New Rochelle) as chairman of this new 
committee for the town. The work has thus 
begun upon a firm foundation. 

Some of the different interests of the Chapter 

pertaining to war or its aftermath were as fol- 
lows : Sending a Christmas gift to our foster 
child in France ; a contribution to the World 
War Memorial Fund of our city ; another con- 
tribution towards the reconstruction of Pales- 
tine, through our member who is in the service 
there," a list of names for which the stars on 
our service flag shine is ready for the Roll of 
Honor of the National Society ; prizes were 
given for the historical essay contest in the 
public schools ; the Chapter by-laws further 
revised ; attention paid to local history through 
our Old Trails Committee, and Year Books for 
the season printed. The Chapter now has its 
new " Old Glory," and valuable additions have 
been made to our library. 

We have heard several illuminating addresses 
upon Americanization work from prominent 
speakers, and the programs following business 
meetings, have included also historical papers 
written by members. 

Our Treasurer, aided by the Ways and 
Means Committee, has taken care of the Chap- 
ter treasury. Successful card parties have been 
given and our Chairman of Programs, Mrs. 
John F. Bennett, gave a dramatic recital from 
"The Yellow Jacket." Among social affairs 
was a reception given the Chapter by Mrs. 
William Cumming Story, Honorary President 
General and honorary member of New 
Rochelle Chapter. 

Our Regent, Mrs. A. Charles Stegman, and 
three members, represented the Chapter at the 
Twenty-ninth Continental Congress. Eight 
new names have been added to the membership 
list and other applications are in the hands of 
the Registrar General. 

We cooperate with all clubwomen of West- 
chester County in their organized efforts to re- 
duce the high cost of living. 

By hopefully doing the work that lies near- 
est, each of us may contribute toward adjusting 
the woeful world-muddle and thus, at life's 
loom, we are weaving a fabric firm for future 
generations even as our great-great-grand- 
mothers did, in their steadfastness of faith, 
their work and their sacrifices, in the days of 
the nation's birth. 

Anna O. Stone, 


Hawkinsville Chapter (Hawkinsville, Ga.). 
The three weeks prior to April 17, 1920, were 
spent in organizing a D. A. R. chapter in our 
town. In that length of time we secured 36 
application papers, and had them filed in Wash- 
ington ready to be passed upon at the April 
meeting of the National Board of Management. 
Our Chapter was organized with 38 charter 
members, and was the first of the new chapters 
in Georgia, reported in April, 1920, to receive 



a charter. Our membership is now 44 with 
two papers pending. The officers are : Regent, 
Mrs. W. V. Bell ; Vice-Regent, Mrs. L. A. Jor- 
dan; Recording Secretary, Mrs. G. B. Pate; 
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. W. C. McAlis- 
ter; Registrar, Mrs. Walker Jordan; Treas- 
urer, Miss Virginia Jelks ; Historian, Miss 
Esther Phillips ; Auditor, Mrs. T. H. Bridgers ; 
Librarian, Mrs. J. H. Caldwell. 

Hawkinsville is one of the oldest cities in 
Georgia and was named for the noted Revolu- 
tionary soldier, Benjamin Hawkins, who was 
a personal friend of General Washington. 

We have bought 16 books to start our library ; 
contributed $3 for the maintainance of 
Meadow Garden ; $1 for book for Memorial 
Continental Hall; $5 for D. A. R. Scholarship; 
$5 to the Georgia Bay Memorial, and for- 
warded 25 cents per capita tax for Immigra- 
tion Manual Fund. We have also sent a box 
of flowers to the Fort McPherson hospital 
for wounded soldiers, in Atlanta, and have 
ofifered a gold medal to the Hawkinsville Pub- 
lic School. The flag code has been placed in 
city and county schools. 

Our Regent has been successful in locating 
the grave of a Revolutionary soldier. This 
grave is on the land granted the soldier for his 
services in the Revolutionary War. and is 
identified by a very old lady, the widow of his 
youngest child. 

We have observed Lafayette, Constitution, 
and Columbus Days, and have joined other local 
organizations in celebrating Armistice Day. 
Mrs. Walker Jordan, 


Little Rock Chapter, (Little Rock, Ark.). 
The first official act was to arrange for Flag 
Day, June 14th, which was observed in due 
form. The principal addresses were given by 
Brigadier General Cocheau and Rabbi Louis 
Witt. All patriotic societies in the city were 
represented on the program. The Little Rock 
Chapter assisted in giving the picnic dinner for 
the returned soldiers from overseas. Members 
served as district captains and chairmen during 
the Red Cross seal drive. In the canvas to ascer- 
tain the number of foreign-born people in Little 
Rock the Chapter gave valuable assistance. 

With the close of the year the Chapter has 
92 members in good standing and six 
papers are pending, t^o to be voted upon at 
the next meeting. The total receipts for the 
year as reported by the treasurer, Mrs. T. M. 
Cory, are $718.65. The Chapter has cared for 
nine French orphans and donated $9.50 toward 
the support of another. The total amount 
raised for French orphans is $338. This work 
is in charge of Mrs. George Burden. The 
Chairman of Thrift, Mrs. R. E. Farrell, says 

the members are in hearty cooperation with 
the reconstruction work and ready to aid 
the government in every way possible in its 
thrift movement. The Chapter ofifered a prize 
of $10 to pupils of the Little Rock High 
School for the best paper on Americanization. 
The Chapter has responded to the following 
appeals : For the Working Woman's Home, $5 ; 
for the Armenian, Polish and Serbian Re- 
lief, $5 each; for the school children, $5; 
for "American Heraldry," $7.50; to Mrs. E. 
G. Thompson, State Chairman of French 
Orphan fund, $10; toward a set of Mayflower 
books, $10 ; five D. A. R. baby spoons were 
presented to members. The Chapter has 
received several small donations from members 
enabling it to contribute to many other 
worthy objects. 

Mrs. Lathan, the Historian, has completed 
a list of D. A. R. books in the Little Rock 
Public Library, and with Aliss Pratt, the 
Librarian, has arranged and looked after the 
binding of 47 volumes of D. A. R. Lineage 
Books and 11 volumes of American ancestry. 
Mrs. W. F. Ault, Chairman, of the Daughters 
OF THE American Revolution Magazine, 
has secured, including renewals. 21 subscrip- 
tions to this patriotic magazine. 

Mrs. E. Aycock reports the following Revolu- 
tionary soldiers buried in Arkansas: Benjamin 
Bagley ; Benjamin Bryant, married Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Cockran for his third wife, March 3, 
1834; Asher Bagley, died Nov. 16, 184- ; Jacob 
Gray, died January 7, 1837; Shared Gray, died 
February 19, 1836 ; Joseph Huylkendall, died 
1823; Major John Peaytt. 

Miss Elizabeth Cantrell, Chairman of the 
Department of Old Trails, Roads and Historic 
Spots, gave the Chapter an interesting account 
of the old McHenry homestead as worthy of 
a marker by the Arkansas D. A. R. 

The Chapter Regent appointed Miss Zilla 
Retan Chairman of the Department of Chil- 
dren of the American Revolution and soon after 
Miss Retan was appointed Organizing Regent by 
Miss Stella Pickett Hardy, Vice-President 
General. She will organize a children's chap- 
ter in Little Rock, and it is hoped that mothers 
with eligible children will give her their 
hearty support. 

The Regent, Mrs. Flickinger, thanks the 
former State Regent, Mrs. Frank Tomlinson, 
who honored the Little Rock Chapter by ap- 
pointing the following State Chairmen : Mrs. 
Henry Leigh, Patriotic Education ; Mrs. J. N. 
Belcher, Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution Magazine; Mrs. J; F. Weinmann, 
Publicity; Mrs. W. F. Street, National Old 
Trails Roads. The Regent also expresses her 
appreciation of the valuable service and 
courtesy extended to the Chapter by Miss 



Prall, librarian of the public library, and her 
associates ; to the hostesses who entertained 
the Chapter meetings, and to the members for 
their loyal support so siincerely and unre- 
servedly given. 

(Mrs. George H.) Lillian D. Burden, 
Recording Secretary. 

Dorothea Henry Chapter (Danville, Va). 
Dorothea Henry Chapter, under the wise 
guidance of our Regent, Mrs. W. T. Hughes, 
has held regular meetings and met our usual 
obligations. Membership is increasing, and we 
feel encouraged in our efiforts to impress the 
deeper meaning of the D. A. R. 

We contributed $100 for bed and equipment 
for Virginia Hospital in Serbia, to be known 
as the Dorothea Henry Chapter bed ; %78 
(one dollar per member) to the Student Loan 
Fund; $2 to Philippine Scholarship Fund; $1 
to our Virginia Real Daughter. We send the 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
Magazine to the Danville Library, and w-e are 
arranging to place in the hands of the school 
children of Danville, a neat copy of the 
American Creed. The $5 prize offered by the 
Chapter to the High School pupil submitting 
the best paper on " Education in Colonial 
Times "' was won by Miss Alexander Orchard. 

It was our privilege to meet and greet our 
State Regent, Mrs. Kate Waller Barrett, at 
Chatham, when the William Pitt Chapter gra- 
ciously invited Patrick Henry and Dorothea 
Henry Chapters to be their guests. Mrs. 
Barrett gave us a fine talk on Americaniza- 
tion, which was appreciated and enjoyed, as 
were various short addresses of welcome from 
others. The meeting was held in the Episcopal 
Institute Auditorium, and delicious refresh- 
ments served on the spacious grounds. 

In January the Dorothea Henry Chapter and 
invited guests enjoyed an informal talk by 
Prof. C. E. Crossland, President of Averett 
College. He spoke on Internationalism, Ameri- 
canization and other topics of interest, closing 
with the thought that the best form of Democ- 
racy had its birth at the American Revolution, 
hence the existence of the D. A. R. 

At a well-attended round table talk, "Thrift" 
was the subject under discussion, and various 
experiences and suggestions were contributed. 

On Constitution Day, the Patrick Henry and 
William Pitt Chapters were the guests of the 
Dorothea Henry Chapter at the Country Club. 
The principal address was made by Mr. Harry 
Ficklen. He stressed the importance of the 
Daughters and others familiarizing themselves 
with the Constitution and in every way fitting 
themselves to cast their first vote intelligently. 

At a late meeting the election of officers re- 
sulted as follows : Regent, Mrs. W. T. Hughes ; 

Vice-Regent, Mrs. S. E. Hughes; Secretary, 
Airs. Grasty Crews ; Treasurer, Mrs. C. E. 
Harper ; Historian, Mrs. W. P. Robinson ; 
Registrar, Mrs. A. B. Cheatham. 
(Mrs. W. p.) Blanche Svdnor Robinson, 


The Jonathan Dayton Chapter (Dayton, 
Ohio). "With good will, doing service," is 
the record of this Chapter during the regime 
of its retiring Regent, Mrs. A. W. Bickham. 

Aiding in the sale of Liberty Bonds many 
of the members were most successful. Indi- 
vidual members bought bonds to the amount 
of $130,000. Two bonds were bought by the 
Chapter and two French orphans maintained 
for a year. A box containing 54 well- 
made garments were sent to Tilloloy ; the 
usual $10 was given to the Berrj- school; $15 
was given in prizes to pupils of the public 
schools in the essay contest. We have 23 sub- 
scribers to the Daughters of the American- 
Revolution Magazine. Tw-elve new mem- 
bers have been added to the Chapter, with six 
application papers still pending in Washington. 

We have been represented at the annual 
meetings in Washington by our Regent and 
delegates also at the state meetings in Cleve- 
land and Columbus. At Columbus our Chapter 
was honored by having its Regent placed on 
the State Board of Directors. 

The Chapter will present a picture of George 
Washington and a small flag to alien resi- 
dents of our city who have been in Ameri- 
canization classes and have received their 
naturalization papers. 

In the Woodland Cemetery there are the 
graves of eight Revolutionary soldiers. On 
July 3rd, last, by invitation of the Montgomery 
County S. A. R., our Daughters met them at 
the gate of the cemetery and marched in a 
body to the grave of Colonel Robert Patterson, 
where, with impressive services and eloquent 
words, the deeds of these illustrious men were 
recalled and markers for their graves dedicated. 

Washington's Birthday was celebrated by a 
fine banquet, when Colonel Hubler, spoke of 
his overseas experiences. 

For military or non-military services during 
the late war, military record blanks were sent 
to 21 persons, near relatives of chapter mem- 
bers. So far, 18 of these blanks, properly filled 
out, have been received and duly forwarded 
to the State Historian. 

During the war the Jonathan Dayton Chapter 
presented a fine flag to the Y. M. C. .\. at 
Camp Sherman. It floated over their hut 
until the Armistice was signed : then, by com- 
mon consent, they returned it to us. 

Last June, when our Chapter met to review 
the work of the years, just ended, and to con- 



sider plans for the coming year, American- 
ization, social service, how to foster patriotism 
and a reverence for the flag were the thoughts 
uppermost in their minds. We realized that 
here, at our very door, is established a social 
center which, in view of its far-reaching plans, 
is the only one of its type, to be found any- 
where. Our interest was centered in the crip- 
pled children. During the past months the 
$175 we have contributed for their benefit has 
helped in the work of straightening crooked 
limbs and strengthening paralyzed muscles. 
Three children are now completely cured and 
21 others are being treated with a fair prospect 
of becoming strong, efficient American citizens. 
Twenty-five garments have been made and 
given to the needy ones and some of our 
members have found time for story-telling 
and reading to the children while they wait 
for treatment. 

(AIrs.) Ruth M. Livezey, 


Peterborough Chapter (Peterborough, N. 
H.) has a membership of 59, 14 of whom 
are non-residents. 

Our meetings are held the third Thursday 
of the month (from October to June) at homes 
of the members. 

The Chapter celebrated its tenth anniversary 
June 16, 1920, by holding a field day at the 
home of our Regent, Mrs. Lenora J. Smith 
Hunter, when we had the pleasure of enter- 
taining Mrs. Charles W. Barrett, State Regent 
of New Hampshire. A luncheon was served 
at noon followed by a series of exercises, con- 
sisting of speeches, songs and readings. The 
program closed by the members rising and 
paying a silent tribute to the memory of our 
first Regent and Founder of Peterborough 
Chapter, Airs. Bethiah Ames Alexander, who 
died September 3, 1915. 

During the war our work was chiefly for 
the Red Cross and soldiers. 

This last year, 1919-1920, our work has been 
along the line of Americanization. Our Octo- 
ber, 1919, meeting was held at G. A. R. Hall 
and Mr. Robert Kelso, Executive Director of 
the Massachusetts State Board of Charities, 
gave an address on this subject. Mrs. Wm. 
FI. Schofield told us of the work among the 
foreign-born women at the Neighborhood 
House at Dover. In November we gave a re- 
ception to two French war brides, and since 
then a woman's club has been formed and 
federated, comprised of the French-speaking 
women of the town. 

At our December meeting a Christmas box 
was packed with clothing, books and toys for 
the children of the Franklin Orphan's Home. 

At the January meeting, a paper was read 

on the American International College at 
Springfield, Alass., to which institution we had 
contributed $20. 

The April meeting was held at G. A. R. 
Hall and Mrs. Castella Cutler Craig, of Boston 
Tea Party Chapter, gave an interesting talk 
on her work as a reconstruction aide at W alter 
Reed Hospital, W ashington. 

We were represented at the 1920 Continental 
Congress by two delegates, Miss Mary E. 
Knight and Mrs. S. W. Nichols, alternate for 
the Regent. 

The war records of four of our World War 
soldiers have been sent to the State Historian. 
We have also sent three papers to the Reci- 
procity Bureau. 

On Flag Day we met at the old cemetery 
on East Hill and placed " Betsy Ross flags 
on the graves of 38 Revolutionary soldiers, 
these graves having been maked with bronze 
markers by our Chapter. 

There are seven subscribers in our Chapter 

TION Magazixe, and we give a subscription 
each year to the Peterljorough Town Library. 
We also have contributed $5 toward purchas- 
ing History of Dublin, N. H. for the Library 
at Alemorial Continental Hall; $5 to Tuber- 
culosis Drive : $5 to Berry School ; $5 to 
Tammassee School ; $5 to banquet hall in 
Memorial Continental Hall; $5 to Matthew T. 
Scott, Jr., School ; $5 for preservation of New 
Hampshire forests ; $1 to Audubon Society ; 
$10 to Walter Reed Hospital for fruit and 
flowers ; $60 for Near East Relief Fund, and 
sent a Christmas box to Orphan's Home at 
Franklin, N. H. 

At the Annual Aleeting, June 17, 1920. the 
Chapter elected new officers. The retiring 
Regent, Mrs. Hunter, served the Chapter for 
two years and a great amount of work was 
accomplished during her term of office. The 
new officers are as follows : 

Regent, Aliss Etta M. Smith ; Vice-Regent, 
Airs. Nellie AI. Thomas ; Corresponding Sec- 
retary, Aliss Alartha E. Cutler : Recording 
Secretary. Aliss Mary E. Knight; Treasurer, 
Airs. Hattie F. Aliller; Registrar, Mrs. Helen 
L. Farrar; Historian, Mrs. Emma S. Diamond; 
Chaplain, Airs. Sophia A. Needham ; Alusic, 
Airs. Flora B. Ware. 

(Mrs.) Emma S. Diamond, 


Lansing Chapter (Lansing, Alich.) has not 
been idle during the past year, although, in 
a way, it has worked at a disadvantage. 

The Historian, who is serving her fifth con- 
secutive year, and Airs. Ida Moody. Chairman 
of the Patriotic Committee, both met with 
accidents which confined them to their homes 



for many months, and in cconsequence many 
of their plans to advance the work could not 
be carried out. 

The graves of three Revolutionary soldiers 
have been located and everything is in readiness 
for marking one of them when the weather is 
favorable. This will be the first grave of a 
Revolutionary soldier that Lansing Chapter 
has had the opportunity to mark, and 
it is planned to have an elaborate ceremony 
and invite the public to be present. The other 
two graves will be marked at a later date. 
The Chapter has also located the grave of one 
" Real Son " in this county, and the graves of 
two "Real Daughters" in adjoining counties. 

This year for the first time the Chapter has 
furnished the Historian with a fund with which 
to carry on research work. 

Ancestors Day proved to be one of the most 
interesting days of the year. Each member 
present gave the story of her Revolutionary 
ancestor, and these are to be preserved among 
the chapter records and make an invaluable 
addition to its data. 

The Historian, who is Secretary and Treas- 
urer of the Ingham County Pioneer and His- 
torical Society, has compiled a volume of about 
900 pages relative to the pioneer history of 
the county, which is now ready for publication. 

Americanization has been the keynote for 
the work of the Chapter for several years. 
Some nine years ago one of our members 
asked permission of the circuit judge to place 
a flag into a flagless court room, and have it 
used in the naturalization work. Since that 
time the work has flourished. Instead of pre- 
senting flags to the newly made citizens, as 
each one takes the oath of allegiance, he is 
invited to be at the court house, with his 
family, on the afternoon of the following Sun- 

day. After a short program, in which the 
children, clergy, court officials, and D. A. R. 
take part, the clerk calls the name of each 
man and as he and his family rise to their 
feet, the certificate of citizenship is presented 
by the clerk. The D. A. R. then give a silk 
flag, a copy of the Constitution of the United 
States, and a copy of flag laws and the flag 
salute. The Judge then gives a personal talk 
to each family, explaining the difference in the 
laws of his native and his adopted country, 
and urges the spirit of Americanization, after 
giving each one the right hand of fellowship. 
The clubs of the city very generously join in 
this demonstration and serve refreshments to 
our new brothers and sisters. 

As soon as the Chapter learns the names of 
those who have made application for citizen- 
ship, committees are appointed to call at the 
homes and explain to the women how they, 
too, will become voters with the husbands and 
fathers, and try to make clear to them the use 
of the ballot. 

On February 26th an elaborate luncheon was 
served at the Porter Apartments in honor of 
our State Regent, Miss Alice Louise McDuffee, 
where the theme for toasts given was " The 
Ship of State." 

All items pertaining to the Chapter, as well 
as those of the state and national bodies, are 
carefully preserved in scrapbooks, as well as 
all histories of Colonial and Revolutionary 
people and places which it is thought the Chap- 
ter might some time need for reference. 

The Regent, Miss Ida B. McCabe, is leading 
the work in a manner that points to one of 
the most successful years the Chapter has 
ever known. 

(Mrs.) Franc L. Adams, 


As the magazine goes to press a message has come that at 
noon on February 12, 1921, our Registrar General, Mrs. 
James Spilman Phillips, died at her home in Shepherds- 
town, W. Va. 

Mrs. Phillips attended the meeting of the National Board 
of Management on February 9th when she presented 2900 
names for admission to the National Society, the largest num- 
ber ever presented at one meeting. 


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Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 


8957. Seeley. — Sceley notes by Ernest B. 
Castle, a descendant, say Lieut. Nathaniel 
Seeley killed at Great Swamp fight Dec. 9, 
1675. M 1st Mary Turney, dau of Benjamin & 
Mary Batcman Turney, d abt 1663 & 1674 he 
m Elizabeth Burr (John ) widow of Nehemiah 
Olmstead, & a former widow of Obadiah 
Gilbert. John Seeley (Nathaniel 2) un- 
doubtedly m Sarah Squires & he m 2nd, Rebecca 
Sanford, dau of Ezekiel. Sarah Squires' 
father, George, remembers Sarah in liis will 
1691. Ezekiel Sanford remembers his dau 
Rebecca, w of John Seeley 1697. H. W. B. 
in Hartford Times shows that Elizabeth (Burr) 
Olmstead m Obadiah Gilbert, Sr., who d 1674 in 
Fairfield & in his Will names his wife's dau 
Sarah Olmstead & sons Obadiah Benjamin & 
John Gilbert. Obadiah Gilbert, Jr., m Abigail 

& d at Fairfield abt 1727. So that Nathaniel 

Seeley would be her 3rd husband. Both H. 
W. B. & E. B. C. were reliable corresponds of 
Hartford Times Genealogical column, yet they 
vary as the above shows. — Mrs. E. JV. Brozvn. 
596 North Avenue, Bridgeport, Connecticut. 

8968. Penn. — "The Cln-onologicai Rec of the 
Penn Fam of Va" gives the following on page 
3 : 1739 Deed to Joseph Penn of Drysdale 
Parish, Caroline Co.. \'a. 1761 Deed of 
Joseph Penn of Spotsylvania Co., & Eliz. his 
w to John Penn, page 4. 1763 Deed Sept., 
3 — Joseph Penn of Spotsylvania Co., Va., to 
John Taylor, mentions w Eliz. & ch John, 
Philip, Moses, Thomas, Catherine, Mary & 
Frances. Ch of Moses & Katherine Taylor 


Penn, are Frances, b Jan. 9, 1735 ; George b 
Dec. 12, 1737; Philip b Jan. 27, 1739; had 
several daus names not mentioned ; Gabriel b 
July 17, 1741, d 1798, Col. of Amherst Co., 
Militia, served till surrender at Yorktown ; 
Abraham, Col. of Henry Co., Militia, b 1743, 
d 1801, m Ruth Stovall. dau of James & Mary 
(Cooper) Stovall of Amherst Co. Va., 1768; 
William b 1745, never m; Moses b Jan. 13, 
1748, never m. Page 9, Child of Moses Penn 
& Catherine Taylor, John Penn b May 6, 1740, 
d Sept. 14, 1788 (The Signer) Catherine 
Taylor b Dec. 30, 1719, d Nov. 4, 1774, m July 
4, 1739. Moses Penn d Nov. 4, 1759. Gabriel 
Penn, 1741-1798, m Sept., 1761, Sarah, dau of 
Col. Richard Calloway, 1719-1780, of Bedford 
Co., Va. Ch James, Edmund, Elizabeth m 1st 
James Callowa3% 2nd William Long; Sophia m 
Wm. S. Crawford: Parmelia m Thomas Ras- 
kins ; Matilda, Fannie, Nancy, Sarah, Catherine. 
Ch of Col. Abraham & Ruth Stovall Penn were : 
George, Lucinda, Gabriel b 1773, Horatio, 
Polly b 1777, m Charles Foster of Patrick Co. 
& had several ch, Greensville, Thomas, Abram, 
James, Laurenia, Edmund & Philip, pages 6-7. — 
Mrs. IViUiaiii Rodcs, Sr., Lexington, Kentucky. 
8968. Penn. — Gabriel & Abram Penn were 
the sons of Katherine Taylor Penn. Gabriel 
was a Segt. in the 1st Va. Regiment, under 
Col. Wm. Byrd, also member of Convention, 
he m Sarah Callmay, dau of Col. Richard 
Callmay, of Bedford Co., Va. Abram Penn 
was Colonel of Henry Co. Militia during Rev, 
he m Ruth Stovall, who had two bros in the 
war. Cannot give information of the Miss 
Penn who m a Stewart, or of the one who m 



Frances Richardson, but both names are fa- 
mihar in the fam. William Penn, bro of 
Gabriel & Abram was 1st lieut. Virginia 
Dragoons 16 of June, 1776, & Capt. 1st Con- 
tinental Dragoons 1776, d March 18, 1777. Am 
writing a history of the Penn fam & would 
like to correspond with anyone interested in 
this matter.~Mrs. Robert Lee Potts, R. F. D. 
No. 2, Milledgeville, Ga. 

8972. Pangburn. — I have been collecting 
Pangburn history & genealogy & have many 
rec, as I descend from Peter Pangburn, who 
served in Rev. I have no rec of Ezra Squires, 
but if I had the birth date or names of bros 
or sisters of Betsy, I might be able to assist 
you. — Miss Charlotte T. Luckhurst, 156 Wes- 
tern Ave., Albany, N. Y. 

8912. Rust. — The following is from an old 
newspaper no date, at the top is S-Dispatch, 
Sunday, De — . The article is entitled " Rust 
Family of Virginia." Benjamin Rust, Matthew 
Rust, Peter Rust & Vincent Rust who moved to 
Loudoun Co., Va., from Westmoreland Co., 
Va. The Loudoun Rusts are his descendants. 
The Rust family produced many Confederate 
soldiers & one Gen., Albert Brechinridge Rust 
of Arkansas, who went to Arkansas from 
Loudoun Co., Va. He was also a Representa- 
tive in Congress from Arkansas. Mrs. Charles 
Lynch, Army Medical School, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

8969c. DiNSMORE. — James Dinsmore, of 
Washington Co., Pa., was twice m, name of 
first w unknown. He m 2ndly at Miller's 
Run, Pa. Rebecca W'alker. Ch by his first 
w b in York Co., Pa. Jannette b Dec. 8, 1770, 
m Mr. Lee ; Elizabeth b Dec. 24, 1772. Ch by 
his second w, b at Miller's Run, Pa. Mary b 

Mav 29, 1777, m Longham; John b July 

14, 'l779, m Jane Carr; James b Mar. 4, 1782, 
m Esther Hamilton; Hannah b Jan. 26, 1784, 

m Saulsbury; Sarah b March 30, 1789, m 

Thomas Mason. Ref . " Among the Scotch- 
Irish " by L. A. Morrison. — Miss Kate 
Anderson Dinsmore, 3013 W. Washington St., 
Greenville, Texas. 

8968. Penn.— Gabriel Penn b July 17, 1741, 
d 1798 Col. of Amherst Co., Va. Militia, served 
till the surrender at Yorktown, m 1761, Sarah 
Calloway, dau of Richard Calloway of Bedford 
Co., Va. Abraham Penn b Dec. 27, 1743, d 
1801, Col. of Henry Co., Va., Militia, m Ruth 
Stovall, dau of James and Mary (Cooper) 
Stovall. in Amhurst Co., Va. 1768. Gabriel 
& Abraham, were sons of Moses & Katharine 
(Taylor) Penn. Moses was the bro of John 
Penn, " the Signer " according to " A Chrono- 
logical Rec of the Penn Fam of Virginia " by 
William Clemens. — Mrs. Allen Bridges. Bu- 
chanan, Virginia. 

8937. HarT; — Isaac Hart, son of Benjamin & 

Nancy Morgan Hart, was b 1780, d in Jessup 
Township, Susquehanna Co., Pa., 1848. He 
m Mrs. Anna Barber Loveleg, b 1776, dau of 
Obediah Barber b Mar. 29, 1754, and his w 
Anna — and a g-dau of Captain David Barber 
& his w Abigail Newcomb. Isaac & Anna 
Barber Hart had ch, Philamon b 1811 m 
Rachel Smith b Oct. 31, 1818, d Nov. 5, 1867. 
He d Dec. 20, 1880; Philander; Polly who m 
Walter Lathrop ; Sarah m Bunnel ; Wil- 
liam who left home when a young man & 
was never heard of again. Isaac Hart's w 
Anna Barber Loveleg had two daus by her 

first husband, Abie who m Hayward ; 

Slonia who m Barber. It is also known 

that Benjamin & Nancy Hart Morgan had a 
son Lemuel, as their son John Hart who m 
Patience Lane, in his Will mentions his bro 
Lemuel, not Samuel, as is so often stated. I 
am told that their son James Morgan Hart has 
descendants in Atlanta, Ga., who possess 
Nancy's old spinning wheel. — Mrs. IVm. D. 
Cloroye. Winnipeg, Canada. 

8974. Harmon. — All records of the Harmon 
fam, even the Vermont branch, can be found 
in the Town Hall of Suffield, Conn., where 
they were placed about twenty-five years ago. 
Would like to correspond with any of my 
kinspeople who are seeking this information. — 
Miss Orpha A. Harmon, 87 S. Monroe Ave., 
Columbus, Ohio. 

8974. Harmon. — I am a descendant of 
Renfen Harmon, an older bro of Oliver, who 
was the youngest of nine ch, all b in Sufiield, 
Conn., ch of Nathaniel and Esther Austin 
Harmon. This information was obtained from 
the late George W. Harmon, of Vt., & from 
Town Records of Sufiield, Conn. — Mrs. R. D. 
Hawkins. 1983 Bedford Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

8902. — Can give rec of one William White, 
who left North Carolina for Georgia, if you 
can establish date of arrival of your William 
in Georgia. Have also another White rec — ■ 
fam all killed by Indians in Georgia except one 
son, name unknown, but probably William, & 
two sisters, Jane & Agnes, who were left in 
North Carolina. The former, William White 
has Rec rec proved. — Miss Eugenia Lore, 109 
W. Depot St., Concord, North Carolina. 

8911. CiLLEY. — William Cilley. b Kingston, N. 
H., son of Benjamin & Judith (Darling) 
Cilley, m Nov. 29, 1754, Anna Clark b Sept. 1, 
1733. at Kingston, N. H. Ref. Kingston 1st 
Church Records, page 87, Vol. 3. N. H. Gen. 
Recorder, also Cilley Genealogy, pp. 6 & 10. 
William Cilley served as seaman on brig 
" Freedom " commanded by Capt. John Clous- 
ton : engaged Feb. 4, 1777, discharged Nov. 
13, 1777; service 9 months, 11 days. Reported 
taken in prize. " William Barby " Roll sworn 
to in Middlesex Co. Ref. Mass. Soldiers & 



Sailors, Rev. War. also rec sent by Adj. 
Gen. Augusta, Maine. — Mrs. Myra E. Sullivan, 
175 Cedar Street, Bangor, Maine. 

8911. CiLLEY. — William Cilley, b Kingston, N. 
H. He enlisted Apr. 11, 1758, & was discharged 
Nov. 24, 1758. Served in Trueworthy Ladd's 
Co. 'th of Exeter, in Col. John Hart's Regi- 
ment, raised for the Crown Point E.xpedition. 
A part joined the expedition against Louis- 
burg, the remainder did service under Lieut. 
Col. Goffe, in the western part of N. H. He 
moved to Gorham, Maine, & m Anna Clark, b 
Sept. 1, 1733. Removed to Buckfield & d in 
Brooks, 1818. Ref. Rock Co. Records, vol. 121, 
p. 274, vol. 1685-87, p. 377.— Mrs. JV. B. Shiiler, 
Hamilton, Ohio. 

8902. White.— The "Mayflower Descen- 
dants " give the following history of Rev. 
William White & his w Susanna Fuller : Wil- 
liam, was the son of Bishop John White & 
brought with him, on the Mayflower, the cele- 
brated " Breecher Bible." He was the father 
of two sons. Peregrine, b on the Mayflower 
while at anchor in Cape Cod Harbor, Nov. 20, 
1620, & Resolved, who was b at Leyden, Hol- 
land, 1613. There is no mention of a dau in 
the " Mayflower Descendants " history. Wm. 
White d Feb. 21, 1620-21 & his widow m 
Governor Winslow, May 12, 1621. This was 
the first marriage in the colony. Resolved & 
Peregrine were raised in the fam of Gov. 
Winslow. Resolved m 1st Judith Vassall b 
1619, d 1670, their ch were William b Apr. 10, 
1642, at Marshfield; John b Mar. 11, 1644, at 
Scituate ; Samuel b Mar. 13, 1646, at Scituate; 
Resolved b at Scituate, no date, Anna b June 
2, 1649, at Scituate: Elizabeth b June 4, 1652; 
Joshiah b Scituate. baptized Oct. 4, 1654; 
Susannah b at Scituate, baptized Nov. 9th, 
1656. Resolved White's 2nd w was Abigail, 
widow of William Lord, who he m Aug. 5, 
1674. Resolved d 1690-1694. There is no rec of 
sons of Peregrine White. — Mrs. H. D. Pritch- 
ard. Allegan, Mich. Note added by Gen. 
Editor. Peregrine White, 1620-1704, m Sarah 
dau of William Bassett. Ch Jonathan b 
1558, m Hester Nickerson, ref. " Mayflower 
Descendant " Vol. 2, and Sarah b 1664, m 
Thomas Youngs. Ref. " Signers of The May- 
flower Compact." 

8999. Chapin.— Mr. Gilbert W. Chapin, 350 
Farmington Ave., Hartford, Conn., is writing 
a new Chapin book; he has all information on 
Chapin fam. — Mrs. G. W. Nichols, 43 Liberty 
St., New Britain, Conn. 

6466. Miller. — Henry Miller m Elizabeth 
Knerr. Rev. service proved on this line. 

Ward. — Thomas Ward married Mary Zachary, 
daughter of Peter and Mary Zachary. Revolu- 
tionary service proved. — Miss Martha Lou 
Houston, 1505 1st Avenue, Columbus, Georgia. 

6405. Batchelder. — The " Batchelder-Batch- 
eller Genealogy " by Frederick C. Pierce, 
p. 149, gives a Hannah Batchelder, b Mar. 29, 
1766, dau of James Batchelder b May 5, 1733, 
Feb. 6, 1810, & his w Mehitable Dalton b Aug. 
30, 1730. Residence, the homestead at Little 
Boar's Head. Hampton, N. H. Hannah had 
bros, John & Stephen & sisters Sarah & 
Elizabeth, no other data of Hannah is given. 
If you think this is your Hannah, will be glad 
to send you data of six generations of her 
ancestry, beginning with the Rev. to Stephen 
Batchelder, Puritan emigrant b 1561. — Mrs. J. 
Fi. Spraker. 64 Dorchester Road, Buffalo, N. Y. 

8902. White.— William White m in Lyden, 
England, Susannah Fuller. Came to America 
in the Mayflower, 1620. Peregrine White, their 
son was b in Provincetown Harbor, on the 
Mayflower, 1620. Was 1st white child born in 
America. Married Sarah Bassett, 1648, d 1704. 
Ref. Davis' Ancient Landmarks of Plymouth. — 
Mrs. G. E. McNcrney, Lock Haven, Pa. 

8952. Carr. — In " Carr Family Records " p 
53, Caleb Carr, b in Jamestown, R. I., Nov., 
1702. d in West Greenwich. R. I., 1769, before 
the Rev was the father of Thurston b July 
2, 1756, in West Greenwich, R. I., removed to 
Stephentown, N. Y., & d there 1812. 

I am a descendant of Caleb Carr b Nov. 6, 
1702, through his son Caleb, b June 6, 1744 & 
then through his son Caleb b Aug. 6, 1778. 
Sarah w of Caleb Carr, 1702, came with her 
ch from R. I. to Stephentown, N. Y., after 
her husband's death. Her grave is in Hancock, 
Mass., the adjoining town to Stephentown. She 
was b Nov. 8, 1711 & d Nov., 1798, would like 
so much to know her maiden name. — Mrs. 
George B. Waterman, Williamstown, Mass. 


9926. Nelson- Woodrow-Thompson-Hagan. 
— George Nelson m Jane Woodrow and their 
dau, Allie Nelson m John Thompson, son of 
James & Ann (Hagan) Thompson. All Mary- 
land families. Gene & Rev rec of these fams 
greatly desired. — J. M. M. 

9927. Grant-Riley-Orr. — Wanted gen. Rev 

rec & 1st name of Grant, who d at Raleigh, 

N. C, 1814. He m Temperance Freeman & 
their son James Freeman Grant, b Dec. 29, 
1808, was a prominent editor in northern 
Alabama. He m Elizabeth Lefever Riley b 
Dec. 20, 1819, in Washington Co., Va., whose 
mother was Peggy (Margaret) Orr, & her 
mother was Elizabeth Lefever Orr, b 1743, d 
1803, in Va. Wanted Riley & Orr gen. 
— W. S. F. 

9928. Parker. — Wanted maiden name & gen. 
of Martha — w of Titus Parker, b Wallingford, 
Conn., Feb. 23, 1725, d Paris, N. Y., Oneida 
Co., N. Y., June 25, 1811, son of Samuel Parker 



born Wallingford Conn., died aft June 9, 1744, 
married July 16, 1713, Sarah Goodsell of East 
Haven, Conn. 

(a) GuNN. — ^Wanted any information of 
Gideon Gunn, of Pittsfield. Mass., b 1734, d 
1827, m Dorothy Deming, the first white child 
in Pittsfield. 

(b) Feller. — Wanted Parentage of Su- 
sannah Feller, b Milan, N. Y., 1785, d there 
Oct. 20, 1865, m Ephriam Fulton, bapt. Milan, 
N. Y.. June 1, 1783, d Mar. 12, 1856. 

(c) Sherman. — Wanted data of Sarah 
Sherman bapt. Apr., 1720, m Col. Benjamin 
Hinman, Jr. 

(d) Noble. — Wanted gen of Sarah Noble, w 
of Titus Hinman, Jr. — C. P. S. 

9929. Mason-McCann. — William Mason, of 
Winchester, Va., ser in the Rev. Wanted name 
of his w. Their son John, b abt 1764 in Win- 
chester, Va., d in East Monroe, Highland Co., 
Ohio. Wanted name & dates of his w. His 
son Morgan Mason m 2nd Mrs. Sarah McCann 
Tyler, May 20, 1851. Wanted McCann gen. 

(a) Goodrich-Clark. — Isaac Goodrich, b 
May 2, 1743, d 1814, served in the Rev from 

Glastonbury, Conn. Married Hannah . 

Name of w, with dates of birth & m desired. 
Their dau, Julia m John G. Clark, April 7, 
1808. He was b July 22, 1776, Hudson, N. Y. 
Clark gen desired. — N. A. C. 

9930. HiCKOx. — Wanted ancestry with Rev 
rec of Sarah Hickox, b 1770, m Moses Rich 
abt 1785, at Williamstown, Mass. 

(a) Hadley. — Wanted parentage of Eben- 
ezer Hadley of Westford, Mass., who m 
Abigail Spalding of Chelmsford, Mass., 1753. 
Did he or his son Jesse have Rev rec? 
— L B. H. 

9931. Chase. — Wanted parentage of Oliver 
Chase, a Rev sol & pensioner from Conn., also 
maiden name of his w Phoebe. — I. F. C. B. 

9932. Ellis. — ^Wanted parentage & birthplace 
of Samuel Ellis, b May 20, 1775, d Sept. 10, 

1849, at Dundee, N. Y. His w Mary b 

Sept. 3, 1775, d June 18, 1863 at Dundee, N. Y. 
Their ch were Gideon, Samuel, Jr., Nicholas, 
Lucy, Samuel 3rd, Silas, Silas 2nd, Elonzo, 
Eliza, Stephen R. H. Samuel 3rd, m Eliza- 
beth Weeks. 

(a) Shaver. — Wanted parentage & birth- 
place of Annie Dorothy Shaver, b 1755, d 
1830, Hartwick, Otsego Co., N. Y., m Andrew 
Weeks, 1775. Her bros were Peter, Jacob, 
Chas., & Capt. John Shaver, 10th Regt. Albany 
Co., Militia, Rev War.— E. M. E. H. 

9933. Carmichael. — Wanted the record of 
Lemuel Carmichsel, Sr., who is supposed to 
have enrolled as a Cherokee Indian when the 
treaty was signed transferring Tennessee 
Indians to the Indian Territory & granting them 

millions of acres of land abt 1827. Roll No. 916. 

9934. Bond-Mattix. — Information desired of 
the early history & Rev rec of the families of 
Edward Mattix & his w Elizabeth Bond. They 
lived in Ind. & had ch Margaret Ann b 1810, 
Cynthia, Esther, Cinderilla b 1815, Edward, 
Matthew, John, David, Ruth. 

(a) Bennett. — Edward Bennett m Cinderilla 
Mattix abt 1836, nr Pocahontas, Ark. His 
parents were Eli & Elizabeth Bennett. Their 
gen greatly desired. — D. S. H. 

9935. Buchanan-W ATKINS. — Wanted, par- 
entage of Robert Buchanan, b Oct. 20, 1780, & 
of his w Sarah Teresa Watkins, b July 19, 
1784. d Mar. 4, 1862. Their ch Evan b June 
13, 1805, James b Feb. 9, 1807, Eliza b May 1, 
1808, Claricy b Nov. 15„ 1809, Fortunatus 
Cosby b Nov. 6, 1811, Teresa Russell b Mar. 
12, 1814, Watkins b Dec. 25, 1818. Wanted 
also Rev. rec of their ancestors. — N. P. S. 

9936. Moss-Crowly. — Wanted gen & any 
information of Abigail Moss of Vermont b abt 
1790, and of her husband Ellis Crowly. 

9937. Graaf-Graf. — Hans Graaf b Hol- 
land, came to America abt 1696, m Susanna 

& set in Lancaster Co., Pa., d abt 1746. 

Wanted names of his ch. & Did the 
Historical Society of Penna. erect a monu- 
ment to his memory? 

(a) Arnold. — Wanted ancestry & birthplace 
of Abraham Arnold, Rev sol. His dau 
Catherine Elizabeth Arnold, b Sept. 21, 1794, 
in Adams Co., Pa., d Aug. 5, 1858, m John 
Grove, b Dec. 20, 1793, Lancaster Co., Pa., d 
Nov. 4, 1859, son of Francis Grove, Rev sol. 
Wanted also Grove gen. 
—A. G. McC. 

9938. Stevens. — Gen desired of John Stevens 
b Nov. 2. 1785, m Feb. 13, 1805. Polly Wilson 
b Mav 25, 1787, & moved from Conn, to Cen- 
tral N. Y., 1813.— G. G. S. 

9939. Bradley. — Would like to correspond 
with the descendants of Isaac Bradley of Fair- 
field, Conn., who served in Rev in Capt. Dimais 
Co., 1775. Did he have bros in the Rev? 
— G. G. 

9940. Townsend-Wheaton. — Joseph Lord 
Townsend, of N. J., m Christia Ann Wheaton, 
moved to Knox Co., Ohio. Ch. Nellie, Hannah 
b Mar. 6, 1824, Knox Co., m Apr. 4, 1848. 
Able Scoles, b July 28, 1822, Knox Co., son 
of Wm. Scoles. Wanted his mother's maiden 
name & gen, & also Townsend & Wheaton 
gens. Was there Rev rec on any of these 
lines?— E. S. R. 

9941. Blair. — Wanted any information of 
John Blair, officer of the Rev, b in Scotland 
April 23, 1743, d at Canandaugus Sept. 28, 
1814.— G. B. 

9942. Hall. — Wanted parentage & dates of 



Deborah Hall, who m Thaddeus Davis, b 
1742, Greenfield Hill, Conn., & was in Water- 
vliet, N. Y., 1790. They had a son Wm. b 
1762. Were there any other ch? 

(a) Mason. — Wanted parentage of Judith 
Mason, b 1741, d 1831, m Capt. Wm. Frissell, 
both of Woodstock, Conn. 

(b) Drury. — Wanted gen of Jonathan 
Drury, 1744-1820, Framingham, Alass., who m 
Mary . Wanted also date & place of m. 

(c) Relyea. — Wanted gen of Yonache 
Relyea, b Feb. 27, 1761, she had bros David, 
John, Jacob & Daniel.— M. K. D. 

9943. HoLLiNGSwoRTH. — Would like to corre- 
spond with any desc of Jesse HoUingsworth, 
who lived in Bedford Co., Pa., 1773, & would 
like also any information of Mary Hillis of 
Washington Co., Pa., whose mother m 2ndly 
a Mr. Laughlin — E. R. R. 

9944. Kellogg.— Wanted Rev rec of Samuel 
Kellogg, b Feb. 1, 1739, of New Salem, Mass., 
son of Capt. Ezekiel & Elizabeth Partridge 
Kellogg. Was he one of the 16 men who went 
in a Mass. Co. to Bennington but arrived there 
on the night of Aug. 15, 1777, after the battle 
was over? 

(a) Snow.— Wanted parentage of Lucy 
Snow, who m Samuel Kellogg, of New Salem. 
Mass. Also date of m. Did her father have 
Revolutionary record? 

(b) Kendall-Pool. — Wanted Rev data of 
Jabez Kendall, who d in Cambridge, 1803. He 
m Mary Pool, abt 1769. Wanted also Pool 
gen. — J. W. F. 

9945. Wilcox. — Wanted ancestry, dates of 
b, m, & d & Rev ser of Enoch Wilcox who m 
Chloe Cossitt, b 1780, dau of Timothy Cossitt 
& Chloe Battles of Granby or Simsbury, Conn., 
& moved to Pompey, N. Y., 1798. Ch g-son b 
1797, Jarvis, Corinthia, Amarit, Chloe, Timothy, 
and Patty. 

(a) Chapin-Brundage. — G-son Wilcox, b 
1797, m Theodosia Chapin, b 1801, dau of 
Aaron Chapin & Martha Brundage, both b 
1776, in Salisbury, Litchfield Co., Conn., m 
1794, & moved to Pompey, N. Y., 1810. Wanted 
Chapin & Brundage gens & Rev rec, if any. 

(b) White-Beals. — Nathan White d Frank- 
lin, Mass. Nathan, Jr., b 1798, d 1834, m 
Lucinda Beals, who d 1859. Ch Chas. E. b 
1822, Francis b 1825, Asa, Olive, Jarvis, 
Nathan, Edwin. Wanted White & Beals gens, 
& rec of Rev service. — H. L. B. 

9946. Becker. — Major John Becker belonged 
to the 15 Reg't, Albany Co., Militia. Wanted 
names of his ch & g-ch. — L. E. B. 

9947. Webster. — Wanted parentage & gen of 
w of Isaac Webster of Harford Co., Md., 

whose dau Aliceanna m John Bond of "Balti- 
more Town." 

(a) Eavenson. — W'anted Rev rec of Eli 
Eavenson, of Georgia, also name of his wife. 
— E. H. A. 

9948. Taylor-Roper.— Littleton Taylor m 
Sallie Roper & lived in Va. Ch John m Miss 
Bugg; George, Chastine, Josiah, 1813-1868, m 
Catherine Lee, 1838 ; Sarah m Jonathan Bugg ; 
Martha m Ben T. Davis, Rebecca. Wanted 
any information of Littleton Taj'lor or of 
Sailie Roper.— F. M. T. 

9949. Sevier. — Wanted parentage with dates 
of Janus Sevier, b in Tenn., 1808, d 1877, m 
Nancy Edwards. Was he a g-son of Gov. 
Sevier or of the Gov's, bro Valentine? — H. S. G. 

9950. Carman. — Wanted gen & Rev rec of 
John Carman, of Long Island, supposed to 
have been a Minuteman in the Rev War. 
— C. M. A. 

9951. Phillips. — Alichale Phillips m Bar- 
bara " made free of the Town of New- 
port, R. I., Oct. 29, 1668. James, their 3rd 
son, m Mary Mowry, b before 1672, d Dec. 12, 
1746, at Smithfield, R. I. Their 3rd son Jere- 
miah, m Martha Bishop, h abt 1705, ch all b 
in R. I. Their 2nd son Joshua, m Dorcas Cook, 
b Oct. 14, 1744, d Jan 10, 1829. at Plainfield, 
N. Y. Wanted proof of Rev service of Joshua 
Phillips.— H. P. S. 

9952. RoBB. — Alexander Robb migrated from 
Pa. to Ohio, his son James, m Catherine 
Husong & their son Isaac b Nov. 24, 1817, 
New Richmond, O., d 1893, at Blanchester, O., 
m 1840, Sarah Houston of Braken Co., Ky. 
Wanted gen of James Robb, and rec of Rev 
ser on this line. — I. M. W. 

9953. Hamilton. — Wanted parentage & all 
dates of Esther Hamilton who m James Dins- 
more of Washington Co., Pa. 

(a) Blair. — Wanted parentage & dates of 
Catherine Blair of Va., who was the 2nd w 
of William Anderson of Augusta Co., Va., & 
was m in 1779, d in Ky abt 1842.— K. A. D. 

9954. Gray. — Capt. Thomas Gray served in 
the 15th R. I. Regt. Rev War, had son John 
who m Martha Lawton. What relation was he 
to Edward Gray who married Mary Winslow? 
— M. B. M. 

9955. Smith. — Wanted gen of Martha Smith, 
b 1758, d 1844, m 1781, Daniel Purdy of Man- 
chester, Vt. Did she have Rev ancestry? — 

9956. Burgess. — Wanted any information of 
Chris John Burgess, a Hessian sol, son of a 
Hessian nobleman, who when he reached 
America deserted & joined the American rev- 
olutionary army. He remained in this country 
after the war was over. — F. L. B. 




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25 Bellevue Ave., Melrose. 
Pinehurst, Concord. 



1012 W. Main St., Kalamazoo. 

143 Lafayette Ave., N. E., Grand Rapids. 



1906 Kenwood Parkway, Minneapolis. 

2103 East 1st St., Duluth. 




850 N. Jefferson St., Jackson. 



6017 Enright Ave., St. Louis. 

4556 Walnut St., Kansas Citt. 



420 South Idaho St., Dillon. 

814 S. Central Ave., Bozeman. 



935 D. St., Lincoln. 
North Platte. 







448 Ridge St., Newark. 

1308 Watchung Ave., Plainfield. 










8 Lafayette St., Albany. 
269 Henry St., Brooklyn. 




Elm City. 



Valley City. 




Church and King Sts., Xenia. 
431 North Detroit St., Kenton. 




1421 S. Boulder Ave., Tulsa. 



8 St. Helen's Court, Portland. 

807 S. Ferry St., Albany. 



State College. 

Hadston, Linden Ave., Pittsburgh. 




4 Summit St., Pawtucket. 



Cher AW. 




1100 Walnut St., Yankton. 

113 8th Ave., S. E., Aberdeen. 



816 W. Cumberland St., Knoxville. 



1313 Castle Court Blvd., Houston. 



36 H St., Salt Lake Cnw 

720 E. South Temple St., Salt Lake City. 




302 Ple.^sant St., Bennington. 




91.5 Orchard Hill, Roanoke. 



1019 7th Ave., Spokane. 

Commerce Bldg., Everett. 




100 12th St., Wheeling. 



4001 Highland P.vrk, Milwaukee. 
330 S. 6th St., La Crosse. 






Shanghai. China. 

Manila, Philippine Islands. 



Honorary Presidents General 


Honorary President Presiding 

Honorary Chaplain General 

Honorary Vice Presidents General 







VOL. LV, No. 4 

APRIL, 1921 

WHOLE No. 344 


By Charles Moore 

Chairman of the National Commission of Fine Arts 

HEN the subject of a memorial 
to Theodore Roosevelt was 
discussed recently with Mrs. 
Roosevelt, she told me with 
feeling and conviction that her 
husband, while he was living, 
had maintained that Washington was 
the city of George Washington and 
Abraham Lincoln, and that mortals 
should have places, if any, quite sub- 
ordinate to those immortals. This feel- 
ing she shared ; and she therefore 
begged that whatever shall be done in 
the way of a memorial to President 
Roosevelt be quite simple and modest. 
Without stopping now to discuss the 
question of comparative history thus 
raised, it may be taken as beyond dis- 
pute that Washington and Lincoln 
stand as the preeminent contributions 
of America to civilization. This fact 
was illustrated by a remark made in 
my presence by Viscount Bryce to an 
American historian about to begin a 

speaking tour in Great Britain in May, 
1918. " Remember," said Lord Bryce, 
" that the only American personages 
whose names you may mention to a 
British audience, counting surely on 
their knowledge, are George Washing- 
ton and Abraham Lincoln." 

The public activities of Washington 
cover almost exactly the entire last half 
of the eighteenth century. During his 
lifetime he held the respect and confi- 
dence of the best minds not only in this 
country, but in Europe as well. The 
vast majority of the populace gave him 
adulation not uncommon in those days ; 
and a factious minority vituperated his 
name and works after a fashion that 
well expresses the narrow meanness of 
their own natures. In its expiring 
hours the Continental Congress voted 
a statue in his honor ; and when L'Enfant 
laid out the Federal City he fixed as the 
location of this monument the intersec- 
tion of the Capitol and the White House 




axes. When, forty-eight years after 
Washington's death, the people of the 
United States began to build the monu- 
ment in his honor, the engineers disre- 
garded the relations L'Enfant was at 
pains to establish among public struc- 
tures, and, in defiance or disregard of 
all precedents, placed an obelisk on a 
mound that was off axis of the two 
significant buildings of the nation, 
the Capitol and the White House. An 
obelisk should rise from a plane ; and 
it should have distinct, well-defined re- 
lations to the composition of which it 
is a part. The disregard of such con- 
siderations betokens ignorance and 
crudity, and marks a ^degradation of 
public taste from the days of Washing- 
ton, Jefferson and L'Enfant, to all of 
whom orderly planning and arrange- 
ment were fundamental principles. 

In itself the Washington Monument 
is one of the world's most significant 
and most appropriate memorials. It 
dominates the City of Washington, as 
St. Paul's Cathedral dominates Lon- 
don. Quiet, serene ; now towering high 
in the clear sunlight and again stand- 
ing firm and sturdy amid thick mists, 
the monument has come to typify 
George Washington. President Cleve- 
land told Franklin MacVeagh that at 
times when he was burdened and har- 
assed by the work of his office, he 
would go to a south window of the 
White House and look long at the 
Washington Monument. As he con- 
templated the simple, direct, time- 
defying shaft, all his burdens dropped 
away; strengthened and reassured he 
returned to his tasks. 

Robert Mills, architect of the Treas- 
ury, the old Interior Department and 
the old Post Office Department build- 
ings, designed the Washington Monu- 
ment. The original design had a circu- 

lar colonnade around the base, probably 
a concession on the part of the archi- 
tect to the insistence of the people in 
charge. At any rate. Mills was an 
architect of the first order — one of those 
" the hour and the man people " whom 
a beneficent Providence has usually 
sent to Washington in time of Govern- 
ment need. Thornton, Hoban, Latrobe, 
Mills and Walter are names to be 
spoken with respect and gratitude. 
Mills took the Egyptian obelisk as his 
type ; made his height approximately 
ten times the base ; got his taper accord- 
ing to standard ; and eschewed entasis 
as being unnecessary in so large a 
structure. At that time the tallest 
known obelisk was one hundred feet 
high, or less than one-fifth the height 
of the Washington Monument. Of 
course, knowing people in those days 
asked one another what there was 
Egyptian about George Washington, 
deplored going to antiquity and called 
for something original and American. 
What American to-day ever thinks of 
Egypt in connection with the Washing- 
ton Monument? Occasionally an 
European traveller, passing the night 
in the Capital, goes home and writes 
of the incongruity of an obelisk not a 
monolith ; but ten days in Washington 
is enough to subdue the most obdurate 
of intelligent minds. The domination 
of the ever-changing shaft is mental as 
well as physical. 

In 1900 Washington celebrated its 
centennial as the seat of Government. 
Improvement was in the air. Gover- 
nors of states from the Great Lakes to 
the Gulf of Mexico and from the 
Atlantic to the Pacific brought it with 
them. The denizens of the Hill felt it ; 
the American Institute of Architects 
discussed it at their convention. It 
found voice in the White House and in 



the press. All sorts of resolutions were 
introduced in Congress. Any number 
of patriots were ready to sacrifice them- 
selves on the altar, with the prospect 
of securing earthly immortality by con- 
necting their names with the City of 
Washington. And, as usual. Congress 
adjourned without taking the first step. 
At an executive session of the Sen- 
ate in 1901, Senator McMillan, of 
Michigan, chairman of the Committee 
on the District of Columbia, introduced 
a simple little resolution directing that 
committee to report to the Senate a 
plan for the development of the park 
system of the District, and authorizing 
the employment of experts, to be paid 
from the contingent fund of the Sen- 
ate. The chairman of the Committee 
on the Contingent Fund demurred a 
little at such an authorization during 
an executive session, but he was per- 
suaded to allow it to go through. No 
sooner had the resolution passed than 
Senator McMillan, with the approval 
of the American Institute of Architects 
and nominally at their suggestion, 
asked Daniel H. Burnham to come to 
Washington. Mr. Burnham had been 
the Director of Works of the World's 
Fair at Chicago, and had borne the 
burden of that greatest of all American 
expositions — the burden not only of 
construction, but, what was of far 
greater moment, the burden also of 
selecting the artists, guiding their work, 
and securing the cooperation among 
them necessary to produce a unified, 
comprehensive and epoch-making re- 
sult. The Senator invited, as Mr. 
Burnham's associate, Frederick Law 
Olmsted, whose father had made the 
original plan of the Chicago Fair. He 
asked the two to select as a third a man 
with whom they could work, suggest- 
ing that Charles F. McKim would be 

agreeable to him. Later the three 
added to their number Augustus Saint 
Gaudens, a sculptor of supreme taste 
in all matters of design. Here, then, 
were two architects acknowledged to 
be supreme, the one as an executive 
and the other as a designer ; the great- 
est of American sculptors and the fore- 
most landscape artist. All had worked 
together and were close friends. Of 
the four, only Mr. Olmsted knew in ad- 
vance that there was such a move- 
ment on foot. All were selected be- 
cause of their established reputations in 
their professions. 

It is not my purpose here to discuss 
their work further than as it relates to 
the subject in hand. The first thing 
they did was to examine the L'Enfant 
plan of Washington and, being satis- 
fied that it was both inherently and 
tactically the best plan, to revive it, 
restore it to favor, reinstate its author- 
ity, and enlarge it to comprehend the 
entire District of Columbia. The 
foundation of that plan they saw to be 
the great composition formed by the 
Capitol, the Washington Monument 
and the White House — a composition 
that had been dismembered by dividing 
into separate blocks the great park 
connection between the two principal 
buildings of the nation, by permitting 
a railroad to cross the park and by 
placing the monument ofif axis. 

Here was indeed a man's job. Like 
men they went about it. The Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad was induced to with- 
draw its tracks from the Mall and to 
build elsewhere a Union Station. The 
old L'Enfant plan of a continuous open 
space, tree-bordered, extending from 
Capitol to monument, was restored, 
and is now being developed into just 
such a vista as George Washington cre- 
ated for himself at Mount Vernon. 



Arbitrarily a new main axis was cre- 
ated by drawing a line from the dome 
of the Capitol through the Washington 
Monument, and prolonging it to the 
banks of the Potomac, over the lands 
of Potomac Park, that only recently 
had been reclaimed from the river. 

At the termination of this main axis 
these experts, knowing their history as 
well as their art of design, located the 
site for the Lincoln Memorial. They 
went further. They suggested and re- 
corded the form that the memorial 
should take, and they also planned the 
landscape features in connection with 
it. They located a memorial bridge to 
Arlington and a parkway connection 
with Rock Creek. 

From March till January they 
labored, sacrificing private practice, and 
for their labors they received the rec- 
ompense of a consciousness of duty 
well done, but did not receive one 
penny of money. 

It is one thing to make a plan on 
paper; it is quite another thing to see 
that plan realized on the ground. In 
another place I have told the story of 
the eleven years of struggles attend- 
ing the establishment of the plan of 
1901. Senator McMillan lived only 
long enough to carry through Con- 
gress the removal of the railroad tracks 
from the Mall. McKim, single-handed 
and alone, won the fight for the preser- 
vation of the Mall plan. After the foun- 
dations were begun he persuaded 
President Roosevelt to have the Agri- 
cultural Department building moved 
back to the line of the plan. For this 
action he was vituperated in Congress 
for ten years. As McKim and Secre- 
tary Taft walked away from the White 
House after Secretary Wilson had been 
ordered to place his building on the 
true line, the Secretary congratulated 

the architect on his victory. " Do you 
call it a victory?" said McKim; "an- 
other such and I am dead." With all 
his remaining strength he fought for 
the location of the Lincoln Memorial 
at the end of the main axis; and in this 
he was aided by Saint Gaudens to the 
end of his days. With both these men 
the orderly development of the National 
Capital was of absorbing interest. At 
the call they would drop any work in 
hand and hasten to Washington to de- 
fend the plan — not because it was their 
plan, for they never thought of it as 
any other than the plan prepared by 
L'Enfant under the authority of and 
in participation with George Washing- 
ton and Thomas Jefferson, men of 
supreme taste. 

At President Taft's invitation, Mr. 
Burnham became the chairman of the 
Commission of Fine Arts, created by 
Congress to have charge, among other 
things, of the improvement of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia. He used his office 
to fight for the present site of the 
Lincoln Memorial, when Lincoln's 
name was used to further a real estate 
scheme in the guise of a Lincoln High- 
way. He used it also to prevent the 
mutilation of the plan of Washington 
by the location of the memorial on 
Meridian Hill or at the Soldiers' Home 
or in Arlington. He proposed and 
urged the selection of Henry Bacon as 
the architect; and, when the Lincoln 
Commission asked for and obtained 
competitive plans from another archi- 
tect, Mr. Burnham argued for the 
Bacon plans. At the time of his selec- 
tion, Mr. Bacon had his name to make. 
This, too, was in Mr. Burnham's pro- 
vision. He wanted a young man of 
ability, who had not, as yet, done his 
supreme work — one who would put his 
very life into the design and the con- 



struction. The event has justified No American need fear a compari- 

his judgment. son. Visiting the Lincoln Memorial 

Two other important commemorative in company with Mr. Cockerell, 

works have been constructed simul- Director of the Fitzwilliam Museum at 


taneously with the Lincoln Memorial 
— the monument to Victor Emmanuel 
III in Rome and the monument to 
Queen Victoria in front of Bucking- 
ham Palace in London, with the long 
approach from Trafalgar Square. 

Cambridge University, England, he 
said : " The architect has taken the 
Greek forms and put an American 
impress upon them." Then, as we 
were coming away, he made the sim- 
ple comment : " This is a bull's-eye." 



And now a word about the signifi- 
cance of the Lincoln Memorial. Those 
who see in it merely an ornament to 
the National Capital, merely the expres- 

nated by the conviction that mankind 
has in itself the latent power to both 
pursue and also achieve happiness; 
that by the exercise of power all the 

fji . WM fffiMTTO Oirem f 


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sion of a nation's gratitude to a man 
great in a great crisis, but vaguely and 
inadequately comprehend its meaning. 
It is all those things, but it is much 
more. In the earliest days of the Re- 
public, one of the finest of modern 
buildings was designed to house the 
legislators of and for a free people. By 
a free people is meant a people domi- 

people will rise continuously to heights 
of well-being not known or even 
dreamed of in the past. As time pro- 
gressed that building grew with the 
growth of the nation, finer as well as 
larger. Nor was it without deep pur- 
pose that the prophetic Lincoln, even 
during the darkest days of the Civil 
War, would sufifer no interruption in 



the work of building the splendid dome, 
typifying the dominance of the Union. 
And when peace came to a distracted 
land, the work on the Washington 

Republic stood before the world, there 
was dross in the metal. Possibly the 
working of economic forces and the in- 
herent progress of the people towards 




Monument, that had faltered from the 
beginning because of lack of unity in 
the various contributing states, was 
again taken up by a united people and 
by Congress was carried to comple- 
tion. Serene, majestic, it expresses 
adequately the character of the Great 
Sincerity whose name it bears. But, 
great as was the freedom for which the 

the more perfect realization of the in- 
dividual would in time have brought 
about the dominance of the idea of 
nationality and the freedom of every 
man, regardless of his color. But war 
came. With war came a new nation 
and a wider freedom. Both ideas were 
incarnate in Lincoln. By his pen he 
taught the American people the pur- 



pose and the meaning of the struggle. 
Those sentences of his have become 
for the whole world the fitting expres- 
sion of the noblest and finest ideals 
known to nations and to individuals. 
During those four years of warfare, of 
sacrifice, of devotion to the ideal of a 
more perfect humanity, a great and 
faithful leader was hammered out as on 
the anvil. Then, when most he was 
needed, he fell a martyr. No wonder 
that time was required to estimate at 
his true value the man who belongs to 
the ages. Small wonder that the people 
waited until all the forces of art could 
be gathered to create a monument 
worthy of his fame. For twenty years 
the structure in Potomac Park has been 
growing in the minds of the designers 
and under the hands of the workmen. 
Architect, landscape architect, sculp- 
tor and painter laid before the people 
of the country their conception. It was 
ten years from the time the original 
design was put forth until work actu- 
ally began. Every criticism that could 
be raised, every other form that could 
be suggested, was considered. In the 
end it was felt that because Lincoln 
belongs to the immortals the expres- 
sion of his character must have a form 
that is universal ; and, moreover, his 
memorial must stand with that of 

Washington in vital relation to the 
building that represents the people in 
their united and sovereign capacity. No 
form that recalled the accidents of birth 
or early training; no location not in 
vital relation to his historic setting 
would suffice. On the other hand, only 
those forms that are elemental in their 
directness, simplicity and elegance 
could be tolerated. That the Lincoln 
Memorial, with its approaches and sur- 
roundings, is a work of art, we have the 
evidence of every competent critic who 
has seen it. Others would do well to 
recall John LaFarge's apposite saying: 
" Remember, you do not criticize a 
work of art ; a work of art criticizes 
you." After all has been said, the 
Lincoln Memorial does not exist pri- 
marily to afTord an opportunity to exer- 
cise the critical faculty so dear to the 
American mind. It exists to be en- 
joyed. It is intended to stir emotions 
of patriotism, of reverence for heroism 
and tenderness. Highest and best of 
all, it stands for the hope of the future. 
In an age of materialism, of doubt and 
uncertainty, when the very foundations 
of the mental and spiritual structure seem 
to be crumbling away, the Lincoln Me- 
morial stands for beauty in life, for order 
in the universe, for the reward of struggle, 
and as the promise of the life eternal. 



HE sudden death of our Registrar 
General, Mrs. James Spilman Phillips, 
on February 12th, came as a shock 
to us all. As the March Magazine 
was already on the press at that time, 
this is my first opportunity to express 
in a " message " my appreciation of 
her faithful and efficient service as a member 
of my " official family." Her enthusiasm for 
her work was one of her most distinctive char- 
acteristics. Her happiness in presenting 2900 
new applicants for admission at the February 
meeting of the National Board of Management 
is one of its most pleasant memories. During 
her brief tenure of office — April, 1920, to Febru- 
ary, 1921 — we have admitted 8212 new members. 
In a previous message I urged the increase of 
our membership as a potent means of showing 
loyalty to our inherited American institutions 
in these days of discontent and radicalism. We 
are beginning to realize that socialistic and 
radical teachings, so destructive of our most 
cherished institutions, are insidiously creeping 
into our schools and colleges and even into 
our churches. To offset this tendency is the 
duty of every American woman, but particu- 
larly of those of patriotic heritage. They must 
recruit the ranks of our great organization, thus 
making it a powerful agency against radicalism, 
for our Society is openly opposed to every 
form of propaganda that is treacherously under- 
mining our national institutions. Hitherto the 
radical, and the radically minded reformer, have 
monopolized our oratory. They are blatant and 
aggressive, while loyal Americans go about 
their business, heedless, for the most part, of 
their propaganda. Hence it gains headway and 
may lead to a serious upheaval, unless we offset 
it by proclaiming the doctrines of sanity and 
common sense. We must come out in the open 
on the side of the Constitution, teaching the 
sound principles of liberty and justice. Join- 
ing our Society is one way of doing this. 

Loyal American women are needed by their 
country today, as never before, to do their share 
of patriotic educational work. Let them de- 

clare the faith that is in them. Let them, by 
their influence, guide others into the path of a 
sane and healthy patriotism. 

A deeper meaning than mere pride of ances- 
try underlies our Society. Pride in our ances- 
tors is only a hollow boast if we do not try 
to make ourselves worthy of them. Our Society 
is a means, and a very powerful means, to this 
end. It is an instrument of service. It gives us 
the opportunity to justify our pride of ancestry 
by performing service that is worthy of it. 
Our ancestors established the principles of 
freedom and justice which underlie our national 
life and government, and it is for us to remain 
true to these principles, else we are false to 
our heritage. This is a responsibility which 
woman suffrage has infinitely increased. 

Have we still that living faith in the Divine 
law and guidance which brought the Mayflower 
across the Atlantic? Are the fundamental 
qualities of honesty and justice the mainspring 
of our business and politics? Along with our 
vaunted education, do we build up character 
in the children? Are we teaching industry and 
thrift, and the dignity of labor — the labor that 
does honest work for honest pay and is not 
ashamed of it? Or are these virtues too "old 
fashioned " to have a part in our life? 

Washington in his " Farewell Address," said 
that virtue is essential in a nation's life if it is 
to live and prosper. 

Upon us lies the task of " character-build-' 
ing " ; of fostering, not the austere " blue-laws," 
but the virtues of the past, the solid, sturdy 
virtues that form the backbone of the Nation 
and will preserve it. 

While justice, industry and religious faith 
prevail no radicalism can flourish, no treachery 
or treason, no degeneracy nor immorality. To 
perpetuate our national ideals is one of our 
gravest responsibilities as a Society. Let this 
purpose be among thdse'that shall inspire our 
coming Continental Congress. Let us meet with 
the full realization that we belong among the 
" character-builders " of the Nation. 

Anne Rogers Minor, 
President General. 



By Sarah E. Guernsey 
Chairman of Office Building Committee 

E feel sure that not only the readers 
of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution Magazine, but the mem- 
bers of the National Society, Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution, in 
general, are greatly interested in the 
new office building which the Twenty- 
ninth Continental Congress authorized erected 
and fully realize that the actual erection of such 
a building necessitates a great amount of time 
for preliminary planning. When the preliminary 
work includes the removal of a Government 
building, even more time than usual is required 
before the real work can begin. 

Plans for the office building are progressing 
very satisfactorily, and the architect's drawings 
will be ready for inspection by the members of 
the Thirtieth Continental Congress. These plans 
will contain the Committee's idea of what the 
building should be to efficiently carry on the 
work of our great Society. 

It was the dream of the members whose broad 
vision made the erection of Memorial Conti- 
nental Hall possible that it be a lasting memorial 
to the men and women who achieved American 
independence ; that it be a memorial for all time 
to their illustrious forbears. It was never in- 
tended for an office building, and not one single 
feature in its construction was planned for that 
purpose. It was necessary to use it for the 
working offices of the Society for a season, and 
so the rooms were given over to office work even 
though totally unsuitable for such use. 

At the present time it is no longer necessary 
to so use our memorial, and the erection of a 
suitable administration building for the work of 
the Society is an immediate need. Steps must 
be taken to preserve our beautiful temple of 
patriotism for the purpose for which it was built 
— a memorial, not a workshop. 

Besides the deterioration in our beautiful Hall 
through its constant use for business purposes, 
the work of the Society is being retarded because 
of inadequate facilities for office work. A visit 
to the rooms of the Registrar General, for 
example, where the crowded conditions, poor 
lighting and lack of floor space make it a con- 
stant marvel that so much good work can pos- 
sibly be done, must convince our members beyond 
<ioubt of the urgency for a suitable office building. 

Only a few states were privileged to have 
rooms or definite memorials in Memorial Con- 
tinental Hall, and many have expressed a desire 
to have a direct part in the new building. Three 
states, as well as the National Officers' Club, 
whose gift of $1000 was presented for the Audi- 
torium at the Congress last year, have already 
asked for rooms. 

While in Memorial Continental Hall all re- 
quests for rooms had to be made by states, in 
the new building chapters and individual mem- 
bers will be privileged to have special memo- 
rials. Besides the rooms there will be two 
drinking founts, the elevator, the fire- and 
burglar-proof safe doors and many other items 
suitable for individual gifts. 

Just as everything we need has advanced in 
price, and we have had to meet the new condi- 
tions, so we must expect our new building to^ 
cost more in proportion than did our Hall, and 
we must prepare to meet the advanced cost. 

In spite of the higher cost of building now 
than five or ten years ago, it is less than it was 
two years ago, and the period of dullness now 
here offers an excellent opportunity to build 
our much-needed offices. The conditions which 
made building costs excessively high are rapidly 
being overcome, materials are decreasing in price 
and labor is more plentiful and efficient. With 
our plans ready, we will be in a position to take 
advantage instantly of opportunities to secure 
materials and labor at reasonable prices. With- 
out our plans and specifications in hand, most 
favorable opportunities would be lost. 

The privilege of being members of our Society 
becomes greater as our influence for all that is 
best increases more and more. After thirty years 
of steady growth and improvement we are now 
a Society of much power, and the members who 
join us now must realize that they owe a great 
debt of gratitude to the pioneer members. To 
the new members who have not borne the burden 
of the early struggles should be offered the 
privilege of doing their part now in making it 
possible for the Society, which has welcomed 
them, to take the next forward step, and we 
count on their aid. 

We need the office building and we need it 
now. D. A. R. members all. will you help 
the Society attain greater power and strength? 


By Louise Wilson Reynolds 

MONG the rare books, treas- 
ured, but accessible in the Con- 
gressional Library in Wash- 
ington City, is " The Life of 
David Crockett," written by 
himself. A close student of 
literature has described this book as 
" A classic of the Tennessee vernacu- 
lar, as it was, and to a large extent as 
it is to-day." From these memoirs at 
least three biographies have been com- 
piled. Perhaps it would be exacting to 
expect from writers, who have never 
visited the " Great Smokies," an intel- 
ligent interpretation of David Crockett's 
book, besprinkled, as it is, with ancient 
Saxon phrases, and unvarnished rhet- 
oric. But in an age of national interest 
in historical research and genealogy, it 
is to be regretted that either through 
ignorance or the desire to enhance the 
glamour of adventure and romance, not 
only a wrong conception has been pre- 
sented, but statements made which are 
untrue and unjust to posterity. In no 
instance is this more remarkable than 
in published narratives and biography 
relating to the life and ancestry of 
Colonel David Crockett, hunter, scout, 
statesman, and hero of the Alamo. 

The Crockett family was neither 
" Irish " nor of " lowly origin " as com- 
monly stated by historical writers. 
The Crocketts were Scotch-Irish, edu- 

cated, and allied by marriage with 
many prominent Presbyterian families 
who settled the frontiers of Pennsyl- 
vania, Virginia, and North Carolina; 
who planted their schools and churches 
from the Cumberland Valley in Penn- 
sylvania, to the Waxhaws in Lancaster 
County in South Carolina, prior to the 
Revolution — and among whom General 
Washington said, " When all else failed 
he could plant his banner, and still hope 
for success ! " 

About the year 1760, two Crockett 
brothers, Robert and David, emigrated 
to America. It is thought that another 
brother followed the Patrick Calhoun 
trail into South Carolina. The only 
authentic history of Robert and David 
Crockett is contemporaneous with that 
of the State of Tennessee. In 1769 a 
party of hunters was organized to ex- 
plore the lands lying on the Cumber- 
land and Ohio Rivers, now contained 
in Tennessee and Kentucky. More 
than twenty men, with substantial 
financial backing, were recruited from 
Pennsylvania, Virginia, and North 
Carolina. Among the number were 
Bledsoe, Drake, Stone, Mansco, and 
others whose names are perpetuated in 
the streams of Tennessee and Ken- 
tucky. The party, which had rendez- 
voused at Fort Chissel in Virginia, spent 
eight or nine months hunting and ex- 



ploring and on its return recounted but 
one fatality — that of Robert Crockett, 
who was murdered by a wandering 
band of Shawnees, and found by his 
companions lying on the Indian war 
path leading to the Cherokee Nation. 

The success of 
this expedition in- 
spired further ad- 
venturers, known 
as The Long 
Hunters, led by 
Colonel James 

The families of 
the Long Hunters, 
and Indian traders 
licensed by V i r - 
ginia or Pennsyl- 
vania or North 
Carolina, were 
among those who 
first settled in Ten- 
nessee, at that time 
the North CaroHna 
frontier, ^^'hile no 
biographer has been 
able to ascertain his 
name, it has been 
told that " Davy 
Crockett's mater- 
nal grandfather was 
the first man to build his cabin in the pres- 
ent Hawkins County, Tennessee." This 
may or may not be true. There were 
cabins erected as early as 1774. The sec- 
tion was called Carter's Valley, for a son 
of Colonel John Carter, of Watauga, who 
about this date, built a store in the val- 
ley for the purpose of trading with 
the Indians. 

After the boundary line had been 
surveyed between North Carolina and 
Virginia, and the Watauga settlers 
found themselves subject to the latter 
state, they governed themselves under 






their own Articles of Association until 
May, 1776, when they petitioned North 
Carolina for annexation. The names 
of David Crockett and his son William 
are attached to this petition. 

In July the frontier was subjected to 
a well-planned In- 
dian invasion. Fort 
Watauga resisted 
the attack, but the 
Cherokees invaded 
Carter's Valley, 
plundered Carter's 
store, and c o m - 
mitted many depre- 
dations. While 
there is no written 
record, it is a tradi- 
tion authenticated 
by Colonel David 
Crockett, that "His 
grand father's 
family were mur- 
dered by the In- 
dians," and the 
massacre must have 
occurred at this 
time. Tradition is 
not explicit as to 
the Crockett vic- 
tims of the Indians. 
John Crockett is 
said to have been in Pennsylvania at the 
time; Joseph escaped with a wounded 
arm; and James, a mute, after seventeen 
years of captivity, was ransomed by 
his brothers in eastern Tennessee. 
Three brothers, John, Robert and Wil- 
liam, resided in Greene County prior 
to 1800. 

Midway between Greeneville and 
Jonesboro on the Limestone fork of the 
Nollichucky River in Tennessee a 
" D.A.R. Marker " nestles amid rural 
surroundings, and all who read may 
know that on this spot Davy Crockett, 



the hero of the Alamo, was born 
August 17, 1786! In the memory of 
the oldest inhabitant a stone chimney 
once stood, marking the site where the 
strong log house reared its walls. It 
was here that John Crockett spent the 
first years of his married life. He had 
served as a frontier Ranger during the 
Revolution, but returned to Washing- 
ton County in time to participate in 

home was built was a part of the 
" Brown Purchase " which covered 
many thousand miles- of fertile river 
bottoms, and was bought by Colonel 
Jacob Brown, of South Carolina, from 
the Indians for as much merchandise 
as could be carried on a single pack 
horse. Families of some means and 
prestige began to settle there as early 
as 1772. 


twn^rsT'' -^ 



<-<^ ^. /^^^i^t^-j ^^ y<r/i^i ^^^tJ^^r^ 





the expedition to King's Mountain in 
October, 1780. 

Approximately about the year 1780 
John Crockett was wedded to Rebecca 
Hawkins. His wife did not belong to 
the Hawkins family for whom Haw- 
kins County. Tenn., received its name, 
as has been supposed by different 
writers of history. Hawkins County 
was named in honor of Colonel Benja- 
min Hawkins, a native of North Caro- 
lina, but whose ancestors settled, in 
1717. in Gloucester, Va. Mrs. John 
Crockett was born in Maryland, 
and it is probable that she was a 
daughter of " Matthew Hawkins " 
whose name is subscribed to the 
Watauga Petition. 

The land upon which the Crockett 

The Brown Purchase was rapidly 
settled, and in 1783 a new county named 
for General Nathanael Greene was par- 
titioned from Washington County. 
John Crockett was appointed one of the 
magistrates for Greene County. Records 
show that for several years John 
Crockett and his brothers, William and 
Robert, were frequently elected con- 
stables, which would seem to indicate 
that the family possessed certain requi- 
sites which made them desirable for 
this office. John Crockett also served 
as juror, and was appointed by the 
court as one of the commissioners " to 
attend to the laying oflf and building of 
a county road." 

David Crockett mentioned in his 
memoirs his uncle. William Crockett, 



who lived in Hawkins County, probably 
on the land owned by David's grand- 
father. Another uncle, his mother's 
brother, Joseph Hawkins, was a re- 
spected citizen of Greene County, where 
he died in the year 1797, leaving- seven 
children and grandchildren. 

David also mentioned that he was 
eight years old when his father and 
Thomas Galbraith built a mill on Cove 
Creek. The accuracy of his memory is 
proved by the fact that records extant 
show " that in 1794, Thomas Galbraith 
received a permit to build a mill upon 
this stream." 

The stay of the John Crockett family 
on Cove Creek was short and tragic ! 
Before the mill was completed a flood, 
common to this region, swept every 
vestige of it away and the home was 
also inundated ! 

In 1783 North Carolina had author- 
ized the surveying of land in what is 
now Tennessee for officers and privates 
who had served in the North Carolina 
Continental Line. While there is no 
way to distinguish Revolutionary 
grants, it is known that men who had 
served in the North Carolina Line from 
Washington and Greene County ob- 
tained and moved upon grants in what 
is now Jefferson County. Jefferson 
County, taken from Greene County in 
1792, was named in honor of Thomas 
Jefferson, and its County Seat was 
called Dandridge, for the wife of 
General Washington. 

John Crockett, David's father, moved 
from Cove Creek to his grant in Jeffer- 
son County. Davy tells us that " he 
had lost all of his capital which was 
invested in the mill." He possibly 
now contracted the debts later paid by 
David in " twelve months of farm 
labor." The next ventvire was an 
" ordinary," or roadside tavern. This 

was located on the road from southwest 
Virginia through east Tennessee to 
Nashville and into Kentucky. Besides 
the droves of cattle sent to eastern mar- 
kets, emigration had become so exten- 
sive in 1796 that a company of Rangers 
was paid out of the treasury to conduct 
emigrants in safety to middle Ten- 
nessee and Kentucky. Obviously, in 
the hands of the right man the " ordi- 
nary " should have proved a financial 
success, but John Crockett seems to 
have been a round peg in a square 
hole. His family also had increased 
until it numbered nine children. In 
the words of David Crockett : " Mov- 
ing to Jefferson County was the begin- 
ning of hard times — and hard times 

Andrew Jackson was now States 
x\ttorney. Lie had received his first 
license to practice law at the court 
where John Crockett presided as one 
of the magistrates. 

To those gifted to read between the 
lines of David Crockett's book we 
imagine that John Crockett may have 
considered a son like Davy, who would 
not go to school, who cut off the pigs' 
tails to roast, and took the calves away 
from their mothers at night that the 
bawling might keep awake the travel- 
weary guests, as coming under the 
category of " trials and tribulations." 

David's first love affair when seven- 
teen was an infatuation for the niece of 
Quaker John Kennedy, who came on a 
visit from North Carolina, and it re- 
quired all the tact the pretty Quakeress 
possessed to tell him of her engagement 
to her cousin. Quaker John's son. 
David is very frank in his book con- 
cerning his second love affair, and does 
not disguise the fact that he was jilted. 
Not every one knows, however, the 
name of this girl " whom Daw had 



known long." Nor do they know that 
Davy had procured a license to marry, 
when the conscientious sister, sorry for 
Davy, told him preparations were being 
made for the marriage the next day of 
his fiancee to another man. The fol- 
lowing license is copied from the origi- 

that in all the world there was no mate 
for him." But when at the instigation 
of the Dutch girl, who was kind " but 
as ugly as a stone fence," he attended 
a "frolic," and saw Polly Findley, he 
seems to have at once capitulated. 
Concerning Polly's ancestry we are 



nal preserved in the Jefferson County 
records in Dandridge, Tenn. : 

"To any regular (licensed) minister of the 
Gospell or Justice of the Peace, Greeting : 

I do hereby authorize and empower you to 
celebrate the rites of Marriage between David 
Crockett and Margaret Elder and join them 
together as husband and wife. 

Given at my office the first day of October 
A.D. 1805. 

J. Hamilton, Clk. 

We do not doubt that David 
Crockett's feelings at this sad ending 
of his romance were such as he de- 
scribes, and for the time being he was 
convinced " God had made him odd, and 

not quite sure — she was probably a 
granddaughter of intrepid John Findley, 
the pilot, who first led Daniel Boone 
into Kentucky. Davy's marriage bond 
was, and no doubt still is, hanging in 
an old-fashioned walnut frame in the 
clerk's office in Dandridge : 

Know all men By these presents, that 
we David Crockett and Thomas Doggitt 
am held and firmly bound unto John Sevier, 
Governor, and his successor, in office the 
sum of twelve hundred and fifty dollars, to 
be void on condition there be excuse to 
obstruct the marriage of the said David 
Crockett with Polly Findley, Witness my 
hand and seal this first day of August, 1806. 



Davy Crockett and his child-wife 
began life together in a home near his 
father. After the birth of two little 
sons they moved to Lincoln County, 
and a short time later removed to 
Franklin County. The latter home, 

Andrew Jackson, Colonel Crockett de- 
clared that, " Politics could go to H 

and he would go to Texas ! " While 
not so authentic as the incidents per- 
taining to his public life, and travels 
through eastern cities, we are all famil- 


ten miles from Winchester, Tenn., wit- 
nessed David Crockett's career as a 
scout. It also witnessed, after the birth 
of an infant daughter, the passing of 
Polly Crockett — the pretty little wife 
whom David declares " he loved well 
enough to eat her! " 

After his defeat for reelection to Con- 
gress in 1836, which he attributed to 


iar with the adventures of David 
Crockett — the Indian — Thimblerig — 
and the Bee-hunter. Right bravely did 
the picturesque little band of recruits 
follow the lead of David Crockett until 
it brought them to the old mission 
defended by the gallant Travis and 
his little band — and to their death 
at the Alamo on March 6, 1836. 


By Nelson McDowell Shepard 


I HE burying ground of the cen- 
tury-old Christ Church, known 
nationally as Congressional 
Cemetery, is rich in the inter- 
est it holds for students of the 
Revolutionary and succeeding 
periods of American history. The 
cemetery lies off frequented paths, yet 
is easily accessible to visitors in Wash- 
ington, the National Capital. Its slop- 
ing greensward gives an unexpected 
bit of Old World calmness to a medley 
of river flats and drab streets scarcely 
a mile east of the Capital. At the foot 
of the slope the eastern branch of the 
Potomac River winds along, while 
quaint walks, stately cedars and heavily 
scrolled gravestones transform the upper 
shore into an interesting, historic spot. 
In these surroundings are to be found 
the only group of cenotaphs — a me- 
morial customary in Europe — ever 
erected by the United States Govern- 
ment in honor of deceased Senators and 
Representatives. The strict usage of 
the cenotaph, however, is not adhered 
to in every case, for beneath the bleak, 
gray sandstones lie the bodies of many 
members of Congress and other digni- 
taries of the Government who died in 
Washington during their term of office. 
Unlike the usual ornamental ceno- 
taphs in memory of European states- 
men, the American cenotaph is so 

forbidding in appearance that the vener- 
able Senator Hoar, of Massachusetts, 
once declared on the floor of the House 
of Representatives, in which he was 
then serving, that the thought of being 
buried beneath one of them added a 
new terror to death. Other members 
evidently agreed with him, as in 1876 
Congress refused to appropriate money 
for the erection of more cenotaphs un- 
less differently designed. 

Nearly a century ago Christ Church 
burying ground was chosen as the rest- 
ing place for Senators and Representa- 
tives who died in office. Later this 
custom was extended so as to include 
the burial of other public officers, with 
a result that the cemetery for years en- 
joyed a semi-official character and it 
became generally known as Congres- 
sional Cemetery. 

Many years have passed since Con- 
gress abandoned its plan of concentrat- 
ing its official dead in one place. The 
cemetery, however, is still used by the 
members of Washington Parish, the 
handsome modern memorials being in 
sharp contrast to the crumbling relics 
of an interesting Congressional ruling. 

It is said that more patriots whose 
names are linked with the early periods 
of our history are buried along this 
river slope, perhaps, than in any other 
single cemetery in the country. Two 



Vice-Presidents of the United States, 
one of them a signer of the Declaration 
of Independence, have been buried 
there. Private soldiers and those in 
high command of the Continental 
Army sleep side by side in the democ- 

when the now beautiful Capital of the 
nation was a track of swamps and 
country lanes. Before the plans for the 
National Capital were conceived, a to- 
bacco barn on what was later to be a 
busv street in Washington, afforded a 

Photo by Handy. Washin^on 




racy of death. Statesmen of Colonial 
times, members of the Cabinet, of the 
United States Supreme Court and of 
the Congress repose beneath stately 
monuments and somber cenotaphs, 
weather stained and moss covered by 
passing years. 

The history of Christ Church leading 
up to the establishment of the ceme- 
tery in April, 1807, is set in the days 

place of worship for adherents of the 
Episcopal faith. Thomas Jefferson and 
George Washington, it is recorded by 
trustworthy authorities, frequently at- 
tended Sabbath services there when 
travelling through its parish. After 
the founding of the present seat of gov- 
ernment, the Washington Parish was 
organized and the present edifice, 
known as Christ Church, still standing 



on its original site, was dedicated 
in 1808. 

Those were the palmy days of the 
little parish. It became the custom as 
well as the fashion for the elite of the 
Capital to attend its Sabbath services. 
The beloved Lafavette, on his visits to 

ferson and Monroe were among the 
early Chief Executives who most fre- 
quently occupied the " President's Pew." 
With this historic background it is 
natural enough that Congress should 
have selected the burying ground of 
Christ Church as the resting place for 

Photo by Handy, Washington 


Washington and the brilliant Alex- 
ander Hamilton frequently worshiped 
under its roof. The vestry reserved a 
pew for the exclusive use of Presidents 
of the United States and their families. 
For this reason the place of worship 
became known as " The Church of 
State," a designation which it finally 
yielded to others when the drifting tide 
of the city gradually left it on the out- 
skirts of fashionable Washington. But 
during its halcyon days Madison. Jef- 

Senators and Representatives who 
should die in office. It is interesting, 
too, in these days of high living costs 
and reckless public expenditures to know 
that the idea of a special cemetery for 
Government officials was abandoned be- 
cause of the growing expense involved. 

From the time the first cenotaph was 
erected by the Government over the 
grave of Senator Uriah Tracy, in 1807, 
until 1876, the same pattern v/as fol- 
lowed for each stone. Just who selected 



the form of these monuments early 
records do not indicate. But the cus- 
tom of placing cenotaphs in memory 
of members of the lower House origi- 
nated with the monument placed for 

taphs bearing the names of John C. 
Calhoun, the great " Nullifier," and 
Henry Clay, the " Compromiser." 
Grouped together in even rows in a 
conspicuous section of the grounds, 

Photo by Handy, Washington 




James Lent, Representative from New 
York, who died February 22, 1833. 

According to the register of graves, 
109 interments of Government officials 
have been made in Congressional 
Cemetery. Monuments have been erected 
over one hundred of these graves. In 
addition, eighty-five cenotaphs have 
been placed in honor of members of 
Congress who are buried in other ceme- 
teries. Amonsf these latter are ceno- 

these funereal monuments at once 
arouse curiosity. 

The cenotaphs are uniform in mate- 
rial and design. Fashioned from sand- 
stone on a base about five feet square, 
upon which is placed a base about three 
feet high ; they are surmounted by a 
rounded top reaching to a broad height 
of about five feet above the ground. 
With few exceptions each monument 
bears upon it the following inscription : 



" The Honorable , a Member of Con- 
gress of the United States from the State of 

(or in case of a Senator it reads) — a 

Senator of the United States from the State 
of . Born Died ."' 

A number of these cenotaphs still 
have spaces for names left blank. 

Up to 1835 practically every mem- 
ber of Congress who died in office was 
buried in Congres- 
sional Cemetery. 
Means of transpor- 
t a t i o n were so 
limited that few 
families were able 
to convey the re- 
mains of their dead 
from the Capital, 
but as facilities for 
transportation grew 
more adequate, this 
practice gradually 
ceased. By Act of 
May 23, 18 76, 
Congress abolished 
the custom of erect- 
ing cenotaphs, and 
provided that there- 
after monuments 
should be author- 
ized only when the 

deceased member was actually interred 
in the cemetery. 

The names of the Senators buried 
there, with the date of their death, are 
taken from the records as follows : 
Uriah Tracy, of Connecticut, July 19, 
1807 ; Francis Malbone, of Rhode 
Island, June 4, 1809; James Burrill, Jr., 
of Rhode Island, December 25, 1820; 
W. A. Trimble, of Ohio, December 13, 
1821 ; William Pinkney, of Maryland. 
February 25, 1822; James Gaillard, of 
South Carolina, February 26, 1826; 
James Noble, of Indiana, February 26. 
1831; Nathan Smith (removed), of 
Connecticut, December 6, 1835 ; Elias 

riiotcj by Handy. Washington 

K. Kane (removed), of Illinois. De- 
cember 11, 1835; John Fairfield, of 
Maine, December 24. 1847; L. S. 
Pennybacker (removed), of Virginia, 
January 12. 1847; N. F. Dixon, of 
Rhode Island. January 29. 1842; Wil- 
liam Upham, of Vermont, January 14, 
1853 ; Lemuel J. Bowden, of Virginia, 
January 2. 1854; J. 
Pinckney Hender- 
son, of Texas, June 
4, 1858. and Wil- 
liam N. Roach (no 
of North Dakota, 
September 7. 1902. 
Sixty-eight mem- 
bers of the House 
of Representatives 
have been buried 
beneath the spread- 
ing trees of the old 
cemetery. The first 
. _ was Ezra Darbv, of 

V New Jersey, who 

died January 28, 
1808. Others were 
Thqnjas Blount, of 


who died February 
7, 1812; Elijah Brigham, of Massachu- 
setts, February 22. 1816; Richard Stan- 
ford, of North Carolina, April 9, 1816; 
David Walker, of Kentucky, March 1, 
1820; Nathaniel Hazard, of Rhode 
Island, December 17, 1820; John Daw- 
son, of Virginia, March 31, 1814; Wil- 
liam Lowndes, of South Carolina, Oc- 
tober 12, 1822; James Gillespie, of 
North Carolina, January 10, 1805 (in- 
terred later) ; W. A. Burwell, of Vir- 
ginia, February 16, 1821 ; Daniel 
Heister, of Maryland, March 8, 1804 
(interred later) ; Thomas Hartley, of 
Pennsylvania, January 1, 1801 (in- 
terred later) ; David S. KaufTman, of 



Texas, January 30, 1851 ; James Jones, 
of Georgia, January 11, 1801 (interred 
later) ; Edward Bradley, of Michigan, 
August 5, 1842; George Holcomb, of 
New Jersey, December 4, 1828; James 
Lent, of New York, February 22, 1833 ; 

elapsed before the body of this vener- 
able figure of the Revolution, friend of 
George Washington and early gover- 
nor of New York, was taken to his old 
home in New York for burial. 

Tobias Lear, that faithful private 

Photo by Handy, Wabliinyioii 


Richard Manning, of South Carolina, 
May 1, 1836; T. J. Carter, of Maine, 
March 14, 1838; Barker Burnell, of 
Massachusetts, June 15, 1843; John 
Smiley, of Pennsylvania, December 30, 
1812, and Narsworthy Hunter, Terri- 
torial Delegate from Mississippi, March 
11, 1802. 

George Clinton, Vice-President of the 
United States, was first interred in 
Congressional Cemetery, and years 

secretary to George Washington and 
the vigilant " Joseph Tumulty " of the 
Washington Administration, also is 
buried in this section of the grounds. 
Close by are the graves of Push-Ma- 
Ta-Ha. noted Choctaw chief ; Scarlet 
Crow, another famous Indian warrior ; 
General James Jackson, a distinguished 
Georgian ; William Pendleton Barbour, 
associate justice of the United States 
Supreme Court, who died in 1841 ; 



H. Brockholst Livingston, also of the 
United States Supreme Court ; William 
Wirt, an Attorney General of the 
United States ; and Abel P. Upshur, a 
former Secretary of State and Secre- 
tary of the Navy. 

In view of the late " unpleasantness " 
with the Prussians, it is curious to see 
also here the grave 
of Baron F r e d - 
erick Greuhm, first 
Minister to the 
United States from 
Prussia, who died 
in Washington De- 
cember 1 , 18 2 3. 
Upon his tombstone 
is inscribed : " This 
monument is 
erected by order of 
His Majesty, Fred- 
erick Wilhelm III, 
King of Prussia." 
Frederick Wilhelm 
ruled from 1797 
to 1840. 

The bodies of 
nearly a hundred 
soldiers and seamen 
of the Revolution- 
ary period, the War of 1812. and a few 
Northern and Southern soldiers of the 
Civil War are also interred in the cemetery. 

Pausing before a weather-stained 
monument of simple design, one reads 
inscribed thereon the story of one of 
the most regrettable tragedies of the 
early American Navy. Beneath the 
monument, side by side in a single 
grave, rest the bodies of Captain Bev- 
erley Kennon and Abel Parker Upshur, 
victims of the explosion of a gun aboard 
the U. S. Frigate Princeton, February 
28, 1844. Both natives of Virginia, the 
two men formed a friendship in early 
youth that lasted even to the grave. 

Photo by Handy, Washington 


For many years a touch of romance 
was added to the cemetery by the grave 
of Nathan Cilley, a member of Con- 
gress from Maine, of brilliant promise, 
who fell on the field of honor at Blad- 
ensburg, Maryland, one of the last vic- 
tims of the duello in this country. The 
body of Representative Cilley has since 
been removed to 
, his home in Maine, 
but the circum- 
stances of his death 
are still told with 
the cemetery 

The monument 
over the grave of 
P u s h - M a - T a - 
Ha, known as " the 
^^' h i t e Man's 
Friend," is similar 
in design to the 
sional cenotaphs 
and was erected by 
the Councilmen o^ 
the Choctaw tribi 
Several lines of its 
inscription, digni- 
fied and simple in 
the eloquence of the Indian tongue, are 
taken from the memorial address delivered 
over the body of the chieftain by John 
Randolph, of Roanoke. 

Push-Ma-Ta-Ha died while in Wash- 
ington in 1824 on a mission for his 
tribesmen. His career was one of not- 
able achievement. " Let the big guns 
be fired over me," were among the 
dying words of the chief. Whether 
guns were fired in salute over the body 
of the old Indian warrior available 
records do not indicate, but it is highly 
improbable that the dying wish of " the 
White Man's Friend " was denied by 



Andrew Jackson, with whom he had 
fought in many campaigns. 
The inscription reads : 



Choctaw Chief 

Lies here 

This monument to his memory 

is erected by his Brother Chiefs 

who were associated with him 

in a 


From their Nation 

in the year 1824 to the 

General Government 

of the 

United States. 

On the other side of the monu- 
ment may be found these words of 
John Randolph : 

Push-AIa-Ta-Ha was a warrior 

of great distinction. 

He was wise in council, 

Eloquent in an extra degree, 

and on all occasions and 

under all circumstances. 

The White Man's Friend. 

He died in Washington, 

on the 24th of December, 1824, 

of the croup, in the 60th year of his age. 

Within a few yards of this unusual 
meiuorial is the family burying plot of 
Tobias Lear and the Honorable El- 
bridge Gerry, whose grandson now 
occupies a seat in the United States 
Senate from the State of Rhode Island. 
The Gerry monument was erected by 
Act of Congress in 1823. The inscrip- 
tion shows nothing to indicate his 
proud Revolutionary record as a Signer 
of the Declaration of Independence. It 
also makes no mention of the fact that 
in 1797 he was one of the envoys sent 
to establish relations with France. 
Later Gerry was elected Governor of 
the State of Massachusetts, and then 
elevated to the Vice-Presidency in 1812. 

The inscription reads : 

The tomb 


Elbridge Gerry, 

Vice-President of the United States, 

Who died suddenly in this city 

on his way to the Capitol 

as President of the Senate, 

November 23, 1814. 

Aged 70. 

Thus fulfilling his own memorable injunction: 
" It is the duty of every citizen, though he 
may have but one day to live, to devote that 
day to the good of his country." 

Tobias Lear rests beneath a great 
fiat slab of granite, erected over his 
grave by his " desolate widow," who 
lies beside him. The inscription on the 
tombstone, barely legible, sets forth 
these facts : 

" Here lies the remains of 

Tobias Lear. 

He was early distinguished as the 

Trusted Secretary and friend of 


Illustrious Washington 

and after 

having served his country 

with Dignity, Zeal and Fidelity 

in many 

honorable stations, 


Accountant of the War Department 

11, October, 1816, 

Age 51. 

His desolate widow and mourning son 

have erected this monument 

to mark the place of his abode 

in the 

City of Silence. 

His " desolate widow," Frances 
Dandridge Lear, so her tombstone 
records, was born November 17, 1779, 
and died December 2, 1856. She was 
Lear's third wife and a great-niece of 
Martha Washington. Although forty 
long years elapsed, Frances Lear re- 
mained steadfast to the end — a " deso- 
late widow." Other graves in the 
family plot bear the names of Benjamin 
Franklin Lear, born March 1, 1792, 



died October 1, 1832, and " Maria Lear 
and infant daughter." 

Tobias Lear came to his death in 
1816 by his own hand. Early records 
do not state why. On Washington's 
election as President, Lear was ap- 

ington Craik did secretarial work for 
the President. After Lear's return from 
Europe in the spring of 1795, he did 
not resume his position as secretary to 
Washington until 1798, when Washing- 
ton appointed him his Military Secretary 




Photo by Handy, Washington 


pointed Private Secretary to the Presi- 
dent of the United States, and served 
as such until some time in the latter 
part of 1794, when he went to Europe. 
He had a severe illness in 1793-1794 
(the exact dates are vague) and Bar- 
tholomew Dandridge began acting as 
secretary to the President in 1793. 
William Jackson was a secretary from 
the autumn of 1789, and George Wash- 

in the Provisional Army establishment. 
Lear was with him in that capacity 
until Washington's death in 1799. 

In the extreme northern end of the 
cemetery is the grave of Uriah Tracy, 
United States Senator from Connecti- 
cut, who was the first person in- 
terred in the old Christ Church 
burying ground. 

The name of Tracy is closely linked 



with the earliest development of New 
England. Uriah Tracy was the great- 
great-grandson of " Lieftenant " Thomas 
Tracy, who came to this country in 
1637, and founded the town of Nor- 
wich, Conn. Colonial records show 
that Tracy served many terms in the 

tor Tracy became one of the leaders of 
his party, a man of profound statesman- 
like ability, and was particularly famed 
for his rare wit. Upon his death, the 
members of the Senate for the first 
time wore crape about their left arms 
as a mark of their afifection and re- 

Photo by Handy. Washington 



State legislature and was one of the 
leaders among the Federalists. In 1792 
he was chosen Speaker of the House 
and the following year witnessed his 
promotion to the United States House 
of Representatives, serving until 1796, 
when he was elected to the Senate. He 
remained in the United States Senate 
until his death on July 19, 1807. 

During his service in Congress Sena- 

spect which they held for their colleague. 
James Gillespie, a member of Con- 
gress from North Carolina, is another 
whose Revolutionary service is note- 
worthy. He died January 11, 1805, and 
his body was transferred from the old 
Presbyterian Cemetery in Washington 
and placed in Congressional Cemetery 
April 14. 1892, with appropriate honors. 
He was the last Congressman buried 



there. Gillespie served with distinc- 
tion in the State convention of 1776 
and in the State House of Commons 
from 1779 to 1783. The only mark on 
his grave reads : " James Gillespie, 
North Carolina, died January 11, 1805." 

A member of the United States 
Supreme Court buried in Congressional 
Cemetery is H. Brockholst Livingston, 
of New York, who died in Washington 
March 19, 1823. He entered the Revo- 
lutionary army with rank of captain 
and won the grade of lieutenant colonel. 

General Thomas Blount, of North Caro- 
lina, is another interesting figure of the 
Revolution. At the age of sixteen he en- 
tered the army and in 1780 became a 
deputy paymaster general. He was a 
major in command of a battahon of North 
Carolina militia at the Battle of Eutaw 
Springs. He enjoyed a long Congres- 
sional career, dying February 7, 1812. 

The Pennsylvania Muster Rolls re- 
cord Henry Black as a private in the 
York County militia ; corporal in the 
Cumberland County militia, and as a 
captain in the Bedford County militia. 
For many years he was a member of 
Congress from Somerset, Pa. He died 
November 28, 1841, but was reinterred 
in Congressional Cemetery the follow- 
ing year. 

Honorable Levi Casey, of South 
Carolina, a brigadier general of militia 
in the Revolutionary War, also is 
buried in the cemetery, by reinter- 
ment, August 1, 1832. He died in 
Washington, February 1, 1807. 

" Major John Kinney, of New Jer- 
sey, an officer of the Army of the Revo- 
lution, died in this city July 17, 1832, 
aged seventy-five years " is the brief 
inscription carved upon another stone. 

Rear Admiral George W. Baird, 

U.S.N., retired, has prepared a list of 
men buried in Congressional Ceme- 
tery who may have served in the Revo- 
lutionary War. More than one hun- 
dred and thirty-five names are included 
in the list. Among them are Commodore 
Campbell, who died in 1823 ; Major 
General Jacob Brown, buried in 1826; 
Commodore Isaac Chauncey, 1839 ; 
Major Alexander Forrest, born 1762, 
died 1834; James John Kenney, 1757- 
1832; Capt. Peter Lennox, buried 1833; 
Colonel Morrison, of Kentucky, died 
1823 ; Col. Lemuel William Ruggles, 
died 1835 ; Capt. Robert Taylor, died 
1831; Tappan Webster, died 1821; 
Commodore Thomas Tingey, born 
1750, died 1829; Major Moses Young; 
Joseph Wilson, born 1743, died 1827; 
Lieut. William Ross, died 1826. 

Near the main entrance a tall, majestic 
column rears itself to the memory of 
twenty-two women war workers killed 
by an explosion in a cartridge factory 
on the grounds of the Washington 
Arsenal, now the Army War College, 
during the Civil War. Close by is the 
monument to Joseph Lovell, Surgeon Gen- 
eral of the Army, born in Boston, Decem- 
ber 22, 1788, and who died in Washing- 
ton, October 17, 1836. It is recorded that 
in April, 1812, " on the eve of the hos- 
tilities with Great Britain, he entered 
the military service of his country as a 
surgeon and served with distinction 
throughout the war." He soon was 
promoted to the head of the medical de- 
partment " which, 'til the close of life, 
he directed, improved and adorned." 

Another distinguished patriot buried 
in this section of the cemetery grounds 
is John Forsyth, whose gravestone 
simply states that he was a " Secre- 
tary of State, died October 21, 1841." 


By Emma Wilder Derwent, Chairman 

HE 29th Continental Congress ad- 
journed on April 23, 1920, to again 
honor the memory of the immortal 
Washington, America's greatest sol- 
dier, America's greatest statesman, 
America's greatest citizen. 
The journey was made by boat down 
the Potomac River. Colonel Dodge, Superin- 
tendent of Alount Vernon, received the Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution upon their 
arrival. The Chairman of the Mount Vernon 
Service Committee had conceived the idea of 
bringing a tree from historic Yorktown, the scene 
of Washington's greatest triumph, and planting 
it at Mount Vernon. The tree was obtained 
through the cooperation of Mrs. Margaret P. C. 
Smith, postmaster of Yorktown, who was greatly 
interested in the project. 

The ancestors of the small mulberry which was 
planted were brought to this country in 1664, to 
provide food for the silkworms. Historic soil 
from every State in the Union was brought by 
the State Regents. The names of the States 
were called alphabetically and as each State 
Regent scattered the soil around the roots of the 
tree, she told whence it came : 

California. This soil is from South Pasadena, 
a historic spot marked by the Oneonte Park 
Chapter. Here were the headquarters of General 
Jose IMaria Flores, an officer in the army of Cali- 
fornia, before his capitulation to General John C. 
Fremont, January 15, 1847, at Cahuenga. 

Connecticut. The earth which Connecticut 
sends comes from the grounds around the home- 
stead of Oliver Ellsworth at Windsor, now the 
property of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution. Oliver Ellsworth was one of the 
makers of our Constitution, a plenipotentiary to 
France, the third Chief Justice of the United 
States, and a loved friend of Washington. 

Colorado. One of the younger States of the 
country dedicates this soil, taken from the site 
of the tirst schoolhouse in the State. 

Dclazvare brings soil consecrated by the blood 
of heroes who fell at Couch's bridge, September 

0, 1777, when the Stars and Stripes was first 
unfurled in battle. 

District of Columbia's soil is brought from 
the roots of the oldest oak tree in the District, 
which stands in the Dean place, and is known 
as " Treaty Oak." It derives its name from a 
treaty of amity negotiated under its branches in 
Colonial days between the Indians and the 
white settlers. 

Florida. This soil is from De Leon Springs, 
discovered by Ponce De Leon, four hundred and 
seven years ago. The Spanish settler who fol- 
lowed him built a sugar mill, the old wooden 
wheel of which is turned by the overflow of 
water from the spring. 

Georgia. The soil is brought from the spot 
where General George Oglethorpe, Georgia's 
founder, pitched his tent when he first landed at 
Savannah. Other soil is from the grave of the 
great Tomo-chi-chi, chief of the Yamacraw 
Indians, whose friendship for the white man 
made possible the settlement of the State 
of Georgia. 

loiva. This soil comes from the State richest 
in productiveness, and in the name of the Daugh- 
ters of Iowa is brought to help nourish the tree 
from Yorktown. 

Idaho. This soil is brought from the old 
Oregon trail, just inside the city limits of 
Twin Falls. 

Illinois. The soil from Illinois is from Spring- 
field, from the only home ever owned by Abraham 
Lincoln. Also, soil is brought from the home of 
General Grant at Galena, and from Camp Grant 
at Rockford, where so many men were fitted for 
true patriotic service in the World War. 

Kentucky. This soil is from Fort Boonesbor- 
ough, the first fortified station west of the Alle- 
ghanies. The descendants of the pioneers at 
Fort Boonesborough have given to our country 
many of her most distinguished statesmen, 
jurists, ministers, scholars, writers and finan- 
ciers. Therefore Kentucky brings this soil to 
cover the roots of this tree. 

Kansas. This soil is from Lawrence, Kan., 




the earliest settlement in the State and the strong- 
hold of those who came determined to make a 
free State of the new territory. Also soil is 
brought from the garden of Mrs. Jennie Meeker 
Ward, who served as Kansas State Regent from 
1896 to 1911. She raised the funds for the res- 
toration of the slave quarters of Mount Vernon. 

Mississippi. This soil and spray of gray moss 
are from old Biloxi, " Biloxi by the Gulf Coast," 
where, in 1699, De Iberville planted the first 
French colony on the southern shores. 

Michigan. This earth is brought from a 
Michigan garden which did service in the 
World War. 

Indiana. Greetings from Indiana, the State 
that gave the first President General to our or- 
ganization. The soil was brought here by an 
Indiana boy, Robert Wasmuth, a page in the 
Senate, whose home is on the banks of the 
Wabash River. 

Massachusetts brings a tribute to the sacred 
memories of Mount Vernon, to which this tree 
is consecrated, in earth from the plot upon which 
stands the Washington Elm in Cambridge, under 
which General Washington took charge of the 
American forces on July 3, 1775. 

Missouri. This earth came from Missouri, 
the gateway to the Golden West, and is dedicated 
to the honor and glory of George Washington in 
the name of General John J. Pershing, a native- 
born Missourian. 

Montana. Montana soil is brought from Camp 
Fortunate, at Two Forks, now Armstead, the 
most important site on the trail of Lewis and 
Clark and the highest navigable point on the 
Missouri River. Here, Sacajawea, the Indian 
girl guide, led the white men to her tribe and 
established friendly relations between them. The 
soil is not only significant from its connection 
with the fortunes of " The Bird Woman " and 
Lewis and Clark, but it is from the bank of the 
Missouri — the Redrock River. The earth comes, 
too, from the foot of the last lap of the Conti- 
nental Divide, only a few miles from the Lemhi 
pass, on the summit where Sacejawea pointed 
the way westward. 

Maine. The soil is from the State of Maine in 
full view of Penobscot River, along which the 
British warships came in the War of 1812. 

Maryland brings earth from the old State 
House site at St. Mary's City, where Maryland's 
colony was first planted in 1634, when the Ark 
and the Dove brought Leonard Calvert and his 
followers, and earth from Doughregan Manor, 
the home of Charles Carroll, of Carrolltown, a 
Signer of the Declaration of Independence. This 
soil was dug and sent to support this historic 
tree by Master Charles Carroll, eighth in line 
from the " Signer." 

Minnesota brings historic soil to mingle with 
that of the hallowed home of Washington, from 

the hearthstone unearthed from its coverings 
of three feet of earth, at the site of the first 
blockhouse ever built in what is now Minnesota, 
and the first in the Louisiana Purchase. It was 
built by Captain Zebulon Pike, surveyor and ex- 
plorer for the United States Government in 1805, 
at what is now the city of Little Falls. Also 
earth from the camping place of the Red River 
cart drivers in St. Paul. Historic soil also is 
here from the first cantonment built by Lieu- 
tenant Henr}' Leavenworth in 1819 by the sol- 
diers who came with him. This cantonment was 
called Fort St. Anthon3^ and later became 
Fort Snelling. 

Xcbraska. This soil is taken from one of the 
most if not the most, historic spot in the State 
of Nebraska, Central Avenue and 5th Street, 
Nebraska City. Lewis and Clark camped here 
on or about July 18, 1804. It was here that the 
old Fort Kearney blockhouse was built in 1847, 
the western outpost of the United States .Vrmy 
in the old Louisiana Purchase territory. In this 
same blockhouse the present Nebraska City Ncivs 
(the oldest newspaper in Nebraska) was put in 
type by Thomas Morton, November 14, 1854. 
From this spot, also, the Overland freighting 
trains set out for Denver and Salt Lake. 

North Dakota. This North Dakota soil is dedi- 
cated to the memory of Theodore Roosevelt, 
who found health and strength to enable him to 
do his life's great work in the sunshine and 
wonderful air of the North Dakota prairies. 

New York. Through the courtesy of the 
Regent of Saratoga Chapter soil is brought from 
the historic spot where the decisive battle of 
Saratoga was fought, which victory resulted in 
the surrender of Burgoyne ten days later. This 
surrender proved a material a-'d to our ancestors 
in the struggle for American independence. 

Nciv Hampshire. This soil is brought from 
the old Granite State, which gave to Washington 
such friends as the Revolutionary heroes. Stark 
and Sullivan. 

North Carolina. This earth comes from the 
old neglected family burying ground in Caswell 
County ; also from the grave of a Revolutionary 
patriot, of whom we are all proud. Starling 
Gunn, of whom history relates, " He fired the 
first gun at the battle of Yorktown and was 
an eye-witness to the surrender of Lord 

Neiv Jersey. This is Holy Soil, for it is from 
the ground upon which Washington and Wayne 
camped during the period between 1775-1779. 
It is consecrated by Nova Csesarea Chapter, 
D.A.R., and dedicated to this other Holy 
Ground. The spot from which this earth is 
taken is marked by a huge boulder and a bronze 
tablet with an appropriate inscription, which has 
been erected by Nova Caesarea. May this soil 




mingle here to form a perfect tribute to our 
great Washington. 

Oklahoiiia. This soil came from the North- 
western State Teachers' College, established in 
territorial days in 1895, in Aloa, Okla. 

Pennsylvania. This soil was taken from the 
well site of Fort Augusta, located at Sunbury. 
This fort was in use in Colonial days and during 
the period of the Revolutionary War. 

Rhode Island. This soil is brought from the 
birthplace of Nathanael Greene, Washington's 
lifelong friend, second only to him. 

South Dakota. This soil is from the " Sun- 
shine State," and is dedicated to the memory of 
George Washington. 

South Carolina. When General Greene was 
sent to supersede General Gates, the tide turned. 
with Yorktown as a result. The scenes of the 
exchange was two miles from Cheraw, and from 
this spot South Carolina brings soil to help nour- 
ish the tree brought from Yorktown and planted 
at Mount Vernon. And soil is also brought 
from the grave of Miss Ann Pamela Cunning- 
ham, who lies buried in Columbia, S. C. It was 
through her heroic efforts that Mount Vernon 
was saved as a mecca for the people of 
all countries. 

Tennessee brings soil from the Hermitage, the 
home of Andrew Jackson. He was Tennessee's 
first President of the United States, a soldier, a 
statesman, whose impress upon the Nation 
stands with Washington, Jefferson and Lincoln. 

Texas. This soil was brought from the land of 
Sam Houston, to rest around the roots of this 
historic tree at Mount Vernon. 

Virginia. This soil is brought from the graves 
of Patrick Henry. Thomas Jefferson and 
George Wythe. With the soil from the graves 
of these heroes of the Revolutionary days is 

mingled also soil from the fields of Chateau- 
Thierry, Belleau Woods, The Somme, and 
\'erdun, thus uniting in a material way the spir- 
itual union which exists between those who made 
possible the victory of democracy in America 
with those who have made victory possible in 
Europe. With this soil from these battlefields 
is also mingled soil from the grave of John 
McHenry, a lineal descendant of the Secretary 
of the Nax'y under George Washington, who 
was killed in the battle of Belleau Woods. 

JVasIiington. This soil came from the spot 
where the first public school in Spokane was 
organized in the home of Rev. H. T. Cowley 
on a tract which was once owned by the sub- 
chief, Enoch, of the Spokane Indians. 

JVest Virginia brings earth to mingle with 
that of her mother State in memory of the brave 
boys who fell in France. This soil comes from 
the historic site of the Bush Fort, near Buchan- 
nan, which in Colonial days was a refuge for 
the pioneer settlers from the depredations of the 
Indians, and later, during the Revolutionary 
War, a place of defense. 

Wisconsin. This handful of earth which Wis- 
consin places at the roots of the tree planted 
here today is not dust from the graves of any 
of its sons or daughters. It is from the Blue 
Mound Road, a part of the old Winnebago Trail, 
over which the pioneers advanced to their settle- 
ment in Wisconsin. This trail leads out of 
Milwaukee, straight to Prairie Village, now 
Waukeshaw, and on into the State, passing 
through Atalan, the most wonderful pre-historic 
village in the United States. 

IVyoniing. This soil is brought from the old 
Oregon Trail, near Fort Caspar, where young 
Casper Collins laid down his life to save a com- 
rade from the Indians. 


Bv Mav Marcv Bowman 

Our Colors pass, and heads are bared. 

And eyes, aglow with pride, 
See battlefields where heroes dared 

And bravely fought and died. 
Our Colors pass. 

The vision fades, and Mem'ry's screen 

To some shows nameless graves ; 
While some see naught bitt Glory's 
Where'er our Banner waves. 
Our Colors pass. 

The music swells in tuneful praise 
Of Red and White and Blue ; 

Thru' misty eyes stern Patriots gaze 
Upon our Colors true. 
Our Colors pass. 

Our Colors pass, but sotnething stays 

In each true Patriot's heart, 
Which throughout all his length of 
From him shall ne'er depart. 
Our Colors pass. 

^ ^age in 

Conducted by 
Edith Roberts Ramsburgh 

Drawings by 
Zoe Lee H. Anderson 




Bradbury, Bradberrie, Bradberrye, of Saxon 
origin. In 1433, Robert, the head of the Ameri- 
can Bradburys, was found Hving at Ollerset, Co. 
Derby, England. He married a daughter of 
Robert Davenport, of Bramhall, Co. Chester, 
who was buried at Stansted, Mt. Fitchet, Co. 
Essex. Their son, WilHam, of Braughing in 
Hertfordshire, Patron of the Church of West- 
mill, 1462, married Margaret, daughter and 
co-heir of Geoffrey Rockhill, of Wormingford, 
Co. Essex. 

Their grandson William was named in the 
will of Sir Thomas Bradbury, 1510, to whose 
estate he succeeded. This William was Lord of 
Manor Mancenden ; later he acquired the Manor 
of Catmere Hall in Littlebury, County Essex, 
in 1534, and was buried at Littlebury in 1546. 

Their great-grandson Wymond, of Wicken 
Bonant, afterwards the parish of White- 
chapel, Co. Middlesex, was baptized at New- 
port Pond in 1574, was of London 1628, died 
1650. Married, as her third husband, Elizabeth 
Whitgift, who died in 1612, aged thirty-eight, 
and was buried at Crogden, Co. Surrey. 

Their son Thomas, born at Wicken Bonant, 
February 28, 1610, is supposed to have come 
to New England prior to 1634 and appears 
at Agamenticus, now York, Me., as agent 
of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, the proprietor of 
the Province of Maine. 

Thomas Bradbury, one of the original set- 
tlers of Salisbury, Mass., held the following 
offices: Schoolmaster, Town Clerk, Justice 
of the Peace, Deputy to the General Court, 
County Recorder, Associate Judge and Cap- 
tain of Militia. He married Mary, daughter 
of John and Judith Perkins, of Ipswich. 



Teige, King of Connaught, who died in 
956, married Creassa, daughter of Area, Lord 
of W'est Connaught, and aunt of Brian Boru, 
Monarch of Ireland. By her he had two 
sons, Conchobar, who was afterwards King 
of Connaught, and Alulroona Mor, who had 
a son Murtogh, Prince of Aloylurg, who 
married a daughter of the Lord of Tyrawley. 

Their great-great-grandson Diarmaid (Irish, 
the god of arms), had a son Conchobar or 
Connor, who was the first of the family to 
assume this surname, and he had a son Tomal- 
tach Na Carriga (cairig, Irish, a rock), who had 
a son Donoch, brother of Cormac, Lord 
of Moylug. 

Donoch was the ancestor of the Clan Don- 
chada (of Connaught), anglicized AIcDonough. 

Thomas MacDonough of Salmon Leap, County 
Kildare, who married in 1712, Jane Coyle, was 
descended from Donoch, mentioned above, and 
they were both Protestants. 

They had two sons, James, born 1712, died 
1792, married in 1746 Lydia, daughter of 
Peter Laroux, and settled in Delaware. Their 
second son, John, settled on Long Island. 

The famous naval hero of the Battle of Lake 
Champlain, Commodore Thomas MacDonough, 
1783-1825, was a direct descendant of the 
Delaware branch, being born on the farm in 
New Castle Co. owned by his father and 
grandfather. His father served with honor 
in the Revolution, and his elder brother, a 
midshipman, was in the engagement between 
the Constellation and Insnrgcnte. 

After the victory of Lake Champlain, Thomas 
MacDonough received a vote of thanks and a 
gold medal from Congress, and gifts from Ver- 
mont, Delaware, Connecticut and New York. 



Assistant Professor of History 
George Washington University 

The Establishment of the Nation, 1789-1815. 

The latest treatment of the period, 1789-1815, is in Channing's History of the United States, 
vol. iv. Three volumes of the American Nation, Bassett's Federalist Systcjn, Channing's 
Jeffersonian System, and Babcock's Rise of American Nationality cover these years. The most 
elaborate treatment of the administrations of Jefferson and Madison is in Henry Adams' 
History of the United States, while two important general histories, Schouler's History of the 
United States Under the Constitution and McMaster's History of the People of the United States, 
are now available. For a brief outline use any school history. 

The Federalist Ascendency, 1789-1801. 

1. Washington as President. 

Wilson: iii, 98-104. 

2. Domestic Affairs. 

The Organization of the Govern- 

Schouler: i, 103-108. 

Bassett: Federalist System, ch. 1. 
Hamilton's Financial Measures. 

Bassett: Federalist Syston, ch. 2. 

Channing: History of the United 
States, iv, 65-88." 
The Formation of Parties. 

Schouler: i, 217-223. 

Wilson: iii, 104-112. 
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions. 

McMaster: ii, 419-423. 

3. Foreign Relations. 

England — Jay's Treaty. 

Bassett: Federalist System, 56-68, 
France — Genet. 

AIcMaster: ii, 98-141. 
Spain and the West. 

Bassett: Federalist System, ch. 5. 
Roosevelt: Winning of the West, 
vol. iv, ch. 4. (Sagamore ed.. 
pt. 6, pp. 3^41, 118-134.) 

4. The Election of 1800 and Its Signifi- 

McMaster: ii. 510-525. 
Channing: History of the United 
States, ch. 9. 

Thomas Jefferson. 

5. His Political Theories. 

Wilson: iii, 166-172. 

6. His Contest With the United States 

Johnson: Union and Democracy 

(Riverside History), 134-141. 
Adams: ii, 142-159, 218-244. 

7. The Purchase of Louisiana. 

Channing: Jeffersonian System, 

Roosevelt: Jl'inning of the West, 
vol. iv, ch. 6 (Sagamore ed., 
pt. 6, ch. 4). 
Drifting Into War. 

Bassett: Short History, 306-321. 

Babcock: Rise of American Na- 
tionality, 50-66. 

8. The European Aspect. 

Green: Short History. 822-824, 827- 

9. Impressment and the Chesapeake 

Channing: History of the United 
States, iv, 365-373. 

10. " Pacific Defense." 

Johnson: Union and Democracy, 
ch. 10. 
The Embargo. 

McMaster: iii, 276-307. 
The War of 1812. 

Johnson: Union and Democracy, 
ch. 12. 

11. The War in the West. 

Babcock: 85-100, 121-124. 

12. The Last English Invasion. 

Channing: History of the United 
States, iv, 503-520. 
Washington and Baltimore. 

Babcock: 132-143. 
New Orleans. 

Schouler: ii, 485-491. 

13. The Naval War. 

Babcock: 106-121. 
The Blockade. 

Adams: vii, 262-284. 
The Frigate Duels. 

McMaster: iv, 70-96. 
The Privateers. 

McMaster: iv, 109-120. 


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to print information contained in the communication to be forwarded. 



Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 


8834. Luke. — General Andrew Lewis, of Bote- 
tout Co., Va., the hero of Point Pleasant, m 
Elizabeth Givens, of Augusta Co., Va., in 1749. 
Their son John Lewis m Patty Love, of Alex- 
andria. Their fourth child was Eliza, who m 
1st John Luke, of Alexandria, Va. 2nd, a Mr. 
Ball, of Ky., & 3rd, Alexander Keith Marshall, 
of Walnut Grove, Marin Co., Ky. Charles 
Thomas Marshall, known as Black Dan, b at 
Walnut Grove, Ky., July 14, 1800, d near Lewis- 
burg, Ky., Mar. 5, 1846, m in 1827 Jane Love 
Luke, b Apr. 16, 1808, d July 5. 1876, his step- 
sister, dau of his father's 2nd w. Jane Love 
Luke had a sister Ann Luke, who m a Mr. An- 
derson & was the mother of G. W. Anderson. 
Eliza Lewis Marshall, b Sept. 8, 1834, m Mar. 28, 
1859, George W. Anderson, b May 22, 1832, in 
Jefferson Co., Tenn. Eliza visited her maternal 
uncle, John Luke, at Louisiana, Mo., & there met 
her cousin, G. W. Anderson, & they were m. 
He rose to distinction, went to Mo. in 1853, was 
in the House 1859, & in the Senate 1862, was 
a colonel of mil 1862-1864, was twice elected 
as a Republican to Congress. He & his 
w separated in 1876. See History of Marshall 
Family, by Wm. M. Paxtin, Platte City, Mo., 
pp. 58-59, 161-162, 273-274; also Lewis Gene- 
alogy, in Louisiana. — Mrs. Win. D. Claroye, 466 
Ferry Road, Winnipeg, Canada. 

8879. (a) HiLLMAN. — In the Pa. Archives, 
Vo.l 7, 5th Series, p. 103, may be found the 
photographic copy of the commission of Adam 
Heilman as lieutenant. The original is still in 


existence. This Adam Heilman is the son of 
John Adam Heilman who came to America in 
1738. Our record states that Adam Heilman m 
Catharine Schmidt, dau of Peter & Barbara 
Lovengood Schmidt.^ — Mrs. C. M. Steinmetz, 
545 Centre Ave., Reading, Pa. 
8957. Seelye-Seeley. — Robert Seeley, d Oct., 

1667 (1), m 1st . 2d Mary Walker, Dec. 

22. 1666 (2). Captain Nathaniel, d Dec. 19, 1675, 
m 1st Mary Turney (3) Oct., 1649, m 2d Eliza- 
beth Burr Olmstead Gilbert (4) 1674. Benja- 
min, b abt 1658, m Deborah Sturges. bef 1681 
(5). John, b abt 1686. d May 21, 1740 (6). m 

Martha — ■ . Ch : John Benjamin, Joseph, 

Ephraim. Nathaniel. Justus, Nehemiah, Ebene- 
zer, David. Mary. Ruth & Sarah. Lieut. (7) 
Benjamin, b Fairfield, Dec. 12, 1712 (8). Nehe- 
miah, b Sept. 10. 1743 (10), d June 17, 1802, m 
Mary Hopkins, lived in Warren Co., N. Y., 
which during Rev was Charlotte Co. David, 
soldier in Rev (11), Albanv Co. mil. 16th 
Regt. (12). John HI (Robert I. Nathaniel II). 
who m Sarah Squires & Rebecca San ford, had 
the following ch : Mary, Ann, Sarah, Rebecca. 
Hannah. John. Joseph. Abigail. Ruth, Elizabeth, 
Martha and David. Key to numbers used : ( 1 ) 
Abstract of Wills, City of N. Y., Liber. 1-2-29. 
(2) N. Y. Marriages. (3) New Haven Town 
Meeting Records, 1649-1662. (4) Fairfield Pro- 
bate, III, p. 7. (5) Fairfield Land. Vol. A, p. 
303. (6) Woodbury Probate Records, Vol. II, 
p. 135. (7) Conn. State Archives. Mil Or- 
ganizations, Vol. IV, p. 320. (8) Fairfield 
Church Records. (9) New Milford Town Rec- 
ords. (10) New Alilford Church Records. (11) 



Refugees of 1776, Albany, 1913. (12) N. Y. in 
Rev as Colony & State. — Marion Eleanor Seelye, 
Abilene, Kansas. 

9922. Chiles. — Lieutenant Colonel Walter 
Chiles, the immigrant, b in England, came to Va. 
some time prior to 1638, bringing with him his 
w Elizabeth, their sons William & Walter, Jr., 
& four other persons. He, the immigrant, owned 
land in Charles City Co., was a Burgess from 
Charles City in 1642 ; from James City Co. in 
1645, 1646, 1649; was chosen Speaker in 1652; 
Member of the Council in James City 1761. He 
d in 1653. His son William d shortly after ar- 
rival here. Walter, Jr., succeeded his father as 
Burgess from James City Co. in 1658, 1659, 1660, 
& 1663. He was Church Warden in Jamestown 
Parish. He m 1st Mary Page, dau of Colonel 
John Page, the Councillor, & by her had 2 ch : 

John & Elizabeth. He m 2d Susannah & 

had 1 ch, Henry. His will is dated Nov. 15, 1671, 
& he d soon after. John, son of Walter, Jr., & 
Mary, m 1st Mary Boucher, & after her death 
Eleanor Webber, dau of Capt. Henry Webber. 
Ch by his 2d w : John, Henry, Susannah, Wil- 
liam, Micajah, Eleanor & Jane. Micajah, son 
of John & Eleanor, m a dau of Joel Terrell & 
lived in Caroline Co., & had ch John, Manoah, 
Micajah, Jr., Thomas, Sally, Anne, & Agatha. — 
Brice Edwards, 212 6th St., S. E., Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

King. — Joshua King m Hannah , their 

ch were: Silas, M., b Sept. 15, 1793, m Frances, 
b Sept. 11, 1795, dau of Thomas, Rev soldier, & 
Elsie Marshall Parker ; George, Jesse, Rachel, 
Susan, Elizabeth, Jane, Polly Ann, Sarah, & 
Nancy. This data is copied from an old family 
Bible. — Mrs. Henry Haviland King, Colum- 
bia, Mo. 

8857. Neal. — Mary Neal, of Scotch parent- 
age, m William Faris (Farris) b on the ocean be- 
tween Ireland & America. It is thought they 
lived near Pittsburgh. Their ch were : David, 
1803-4, captain of the first ship that ran the 
blockade at New Orleans in the Civil War, ship 

& all on board lost; Mary, b 1806, m 

Goldsborough ; William, b 1808; Margaret, m 
Stephen Hodgin ; James, b Oct. 22, 1809, m 
Martha Newnam (not Newman), of Del., dau 
of William Newnam. — Mrs. O. W. Gibbons, 
Box 507. Centralia. Wash. 

8995. Meeker. — One Samuel Meeker, of 
Duanesburgh, m Sarah Finch, & their ch were 
Alfred. Eli, Ann, Eliza Van Rensselaer, Deborah, 
Elijah, Oliver, Andrew, Lorenza, Elvira, & Sam- 
uel. Another reference is made to Samuel 
Meeker & his w Sarah Finch, natives of Mass., 
who settled at Quaker Lake, Pa. I think the 
Meekers were from an eastern state before 

coming to N. Y., although " N. Y. in the Rev" 
gives the names of eight who served from N. Y. 
— Mrs. J . E. Eraser, Garner, Iowa. 


9957. Brovles. — ^Wanted name & parentage 
of w of Michael Broyles, b Culpeper Co., Va., 
June, 1740, & served in Rev from Culpeper & 
western N. C, D. Washington Co., Tenn, 
1833. & is buried in the old fam burying ground 
of the Broyles. His son Simeon Broyles, 
1787-1874, buried there also. He m in Greene 
Co., Tenn., Mary Fox. Their ch Elizabeth, 
1796-1893, m Brooks Bell, whose father was 
Rev sol ; Jesse, Jefferson, Jacob, 1816-1901, m 
Eliz. Good ; Pollie Ann, & Archie.— G. T. H. 

9958. — Spencer. — Wanted gen & Rev ser of 
W. Rauleigh Spencer, who was wounded at 
Battle of Brandywine. His fam originally 
settled in Va., the part now known as W. Va., 
but later moved to N. C. He had 3 bros, 
Abram, Leonard & Thos. Sharpe Spencer, the 
first two were killed in Rev, the last was the 
noted Indian fighter & Government Scout & 
is known as the first permanent settler of 
Middle Tenn.— N. S. McG. 

9959. Drake.— Abigail Drake m Hugh Owen. 

Was Capt. John Drake, who m Rebacca , 

her father? Wanted Drake gen & rec of Rev 
service. — AI. L. F. 

9960. Whitsel-Greiner. — Catherine Whitsel 
m George Greiner in Culpeper Co., Va., abt 
1796-7, & later moved to Ohio. George Greiner 
may have spelled his last name with a K instead 
of a G at the time of his m, as for some yrs 
it was spelled both ways. He was a Rev sol 
in the Penna. Line. Catherine Whitsel had 
one bro. Anthony & perhaps others. Wanted 
her parentage & Rev rec of her father. 

(a) HALL-FoLKERTH.^Annie Hall & Michael 
Folkerth were m in Frederick Co., Md., bet 
1800-1808, & later moved to Ohio. Annie Hall's 
father was Nicholas (?) Hall, was he a Rev 
soldier? Wanted also parentage of Michael 
Folkerth, did his father have Rev rec? — W. 

9961. Boone-Wilcoxen. — In Feb., 1917, issue 
of Magazine, it was stated that Sarah Boone, 
sis of Daniel Boone, m John Wilcoxen. Wanted 
place of residence and names of their chil- 
dren.— F. C. R. 

9962. Fairbanks. — Wanted gen & Rev ser 
of ancestors of Dorcas Fairbanks b Dec. 23, 
1768, d July 22, 1852, m 1784, to Southworth 
Whiting. Also date of m & place of her 
birth.— D. W. B. 

9963. Clark. — Wanted parentage of Anna 
Clark, b Sept. 1, 1733, Kingston, N. H., with 
book reference, for same. She married Wm. 
Cilley, Nov. 29, 1754, & moved to Gorham, Me. 

To Insure Accuracy in the Reading of Names and Promptness in Publication 
Chapter Reports must be Typewritten EDITOR. 

^^^ — ^-r^ 

Fort Lamed Chapter (Larned, Kan.). The 
past year, 1919-20 (Aliss Eva Beer, Regent), 
has been pleasantly spent in the study of his- 
tory and the Constitution of the United States. 

Our first meeting took place on Flag Day, 
and was celebrated by a picnic held at the 
home of the Regent. At other meetings there 
were excellent papers on the early settlement 
of America and Colonial life. 

Americanization and arousing patriotism 
have been the chief aims of the Chapter this 
year. Believing that training the young to 
love their country and respect the flag is a 
sure way of developing loyalty, our Chap- 
ter, through its Patriotic Committee, sent 
to every teacher in the county Constitu- 
tion Day pamphlets, requesting that that day 
be observed; likewise placards of rules for 
displaying the flag, and the American Creed 
to be taught to every child. Two flags were 
presented to the two pupils in the village 
high schools for the highest grade in historical 
subjects, and a prize of $5 to the graduate of 
the Larned High School who made the highest 
grade in history and civics. 

We have gained five new members this year ; 
our roster now numbers 32 ; resident members 
19, non-resident, 13. All of our meetings are 
social as well as literary. The principal social 
event of the year was a luncheon given by the 
Regent ; there was a large attendance and the 
good music and social intercourse was greatly 
enjoyed. One of the interesting reports of 
the year was that of Mrs. Josephine Wickwire, 
our delegate to the Twenty-ninth Continen- 
tal Congress. 

The present year, 1920-21 (Miss Nellie 
Heaton, Regent), has begun auspiciously with 
an excellent program to be carried out, and 
we are looking forward to another year of ser- 
vice and social enjoyment. 

Anna E. Van Voorhees, 


St. Anthony Falls Chapter (Minneapolis, 
Minn.), organized in September, 1917, now 
has a membership of nearly fifty, not includ- 
ing 15 non-resident members. Two of our 


number are life members. Our meetings are 
held every month in the year on the third Thurs- 
day. The attendance each time varied from 
20 to 25 members. Each meeting is made very 
interesting ; often we have a program of musi- 
cal numbers, again, a speaker, who talks on 
some subject of civic or National interest, or 
occasionally just a social time, with ancestral 
stories by our own members. Once a year we 
have a luncheon. During the summer the meet- 
ings take the form of picnics, which are quite 
informal, and are held either at the summer 
homes of members, or in some picturesque spot 
in the vicinity, for there are many such places, 
beautiful beyond description, in and near 
Alinneapolis. We have found these picnics 
most enjo\-able, and a very satisfactory way 
of keeping up the interest of our members in 
the Chapter. St. Anthony Falls Chapter has 
the reputation, which we think, well merited, 
for being a loyal, congenial Chapter and one 
which has never failed) to respond promptly 
and willingly to any call made upon it, of 
whatever nature. Our charter was presented 
by one of our members, a flag by another and 
a gift of $100 came from another recently. 
We have a very efficient set of officers and 
committees, each one ready at all times to do 
the work assigned to her and eager to keep up 
the reputation of the Chapter. 

Our Chapter, with other Minnesota chapters, 
erected the Pike Monument, furnished the 
bronze tablet, with inscription for it, and 
assisted at the dedication ceremonies at Little 
Falls, Alinn. This monument marks the spot 
on which stood the first blockhouse in Minne- 
sota, built by Lieutenant Zebulon Pike and 
party in 1805. The cobblestones and boulders, 
which formed the fireplace in the original 
house were used in the construction of the 
monument, which is in pyramid form, and 
stands six feet high, on a point of the west 
bank of the Mississippi River about five miles 
below Little Falls, Alinn. Mr. Lyman F. Ayer, 
who unveiled the monument, was the first 
white child born in the state of Minne- 
sota. He died at the age of eighty-six years. 






St. Anthony Falls Chapter was the first to 
invite Miss Maria Sanford, Professor Emer- 
itus in English at the Minnesota State 
University, to become a D. A. R., she being a 
Real Granddaughter. We recalled our invita- 
tion, later, that Miss Sanford might have the 
greater honor of being an Honorary Member 
of the State D. A. R. Our former Regent, 
Mrs. Little, accompanied Miss Sanford and 
took especial charge of her on her last trip, 
which was to the National Congress of the 
D. A. R. in Washington, D. C, in April, 1920. 
Here Miss Sanford delivered her wonderfully 
impressive " Apostrophe to the Flag," which 
has been so widely copied and is now so well 
known. She never returned to her beloved 
state, for she died, very suddenly, before the 
end of the Congress. Mrs. Little was with 
Miss Sanford constantly on this trip and was 
the last person to whom Miss Sanford talked. 
She was eighty-three years old at the time of 
her death. 

Her " Apostrophe to the Flag " has been 
copyrighted, and copies will be sold by Minne- 
apolis D. A. R. Chapter, the proceeds to be 
used to establish a " Maria Sanford Scholar- 
ship " at the University of Minnesota. 
(Mrs. E. J.) Clarissa T. Wallace, 


Christopher Harrison Chapter (Salem, 
Ind.) began the work of marking the graves of 

Revolutionary soldiers of Washington County, 
October 21, 1920. The State Regent was a guest 
of the Chapter, and gave an interesting talk con- 
cerning the work of the National Society in this 
direction. The grave of the Revolutionary sol- 
dier, William Wright, was found in an old family 
burial ground and covered with myrtle. William 
Wright served in the Revolution in North Caro- 
lina under Captain James Robinson, Captain 
Rawles and Captain William Gray, a three 
months' service each time, making nine months 
in all. He came to Washington County in the 
early days of pioneer life, following his youngest 
brother, Philbird Wright, who came about 1809. 
William Wright married Betsy Alorgan, and 
their family of eight children became worthy 
citizens, establishing homes in the county and 
state. One son, Arwin Wright, was chosen as 
one of the escorts to Lafayette when he visited 
Jeffersonville, Ind., in 1824. It seems very 
probable this honor was conferred upon Arwin 
because of his father's service in the War of 
the Revolution. 

The Wright family has been an interesting one 
in the history of Washington County, and men 
and women of sterling worth to the community 
have been characteristic of the name. The Chris- 
topher Harrison Chapter considers it an honor 
to begin the work of marking the graves of 
Revolutionary heroes with the name of Wil- 
liam Wright. Martha Tucker Morris, 





In this Honor Roll the list of membership in each State is shown in me 
outer rim, and the list of subscribers according to States is in the inner circle 


The Magazine also has subscribers in 


New York, at this date of publication, 
leads all States with 1281 subscribers 



Regular Meeting, February 9, 1921 

REGULAR meeting of the National 
Board of Management was called to 
order by the President General. Mrs. 
George Maynard Minor, in the Board 
Room of Memorial Continental Hall, 
on Wednesday, February 9, 1921, at 

10.10 A.M. 

The Chaplain General in her prayer asked 
for guidance for the members of the Board 
in the problems they had come together to solve. 

The President General announced that the 
Recording Secretary General was unable to 
be present on account of illness and on account 
of the death of her husband, and that, there- 
fore, the Board would elect a Secretary pro 
tent. Mrs. Hanger nominated Mrs. Elliott to 
act as Recording Secretary pro tern. Seconded 
by Mrs. Reynolds and Mrs. Buel and carried. 

The roll was called by the Recording Sec- 
retary pro tern., the following members being 
recorded present : Active Officers: Mrs. 
Minor, Mrs. Reynolds, Mrs. Guthrie, Mrs. 
Sherrerd, Mrs. Harris, Mrs. Whitman, 
Mrs. Schoentgen, Mrs. Spencer, Mrs. Elliott, 
Mrs. Hanger, Mrs. Phillips, Mrs. Hunter, Miss 
Coltrane, Mrs. Ellison; State Regents: Mrs. 
Buel, Mrs. St. Clair, Mrs. Chubbuck, Mrs. 
Felter, Mrs Denmead, Mrs. Shumway, Miss 
McDuflfee. Mrs. Moss, Mrs. Charles W. 
Barrett, Mrs. Nash, Mrs. Young, Mrs. Wilson, 
Mrs. Davis, Miss Temple: State Vice Regent: 
Mrs. Heron. 

The President General requested that the Com- 
mittee on Resolutions on the death of Mrs. Hume, 
Vice President General, make their report. Mrs. 
St. Clair read the following resolutions : 

Whereas, The grim Reaper has again 
entered our National Board and plucked one 
of its sweetest flowers, Mrs. John P. Hume, 
Vice President General from the State of 
Wisconsin ; and. 

Whereas, Mrs. Hume has served this Society 
as Organizing Regent of her Chapter from 
1908 to 1916 ; as State Regent of Wisconsin 
from 1916 to 1919; as Vice President General 
from April, 1919, to November, 1920: and. 

Whereas, She performed the duties per- 
taining to each of said offices with 
unusual ability, grace and dignity; and. 
Whereas, her genial manner, happy and 

gentle disposition endeared her to all with whom 
she came in contact ; and. 

Whereas, the members of this Board ad- 
mired and loved those traits of a noble char- 
acter which were her natural heritage ; now, 
therefore, be it 

Resolved: The National Board of Manage- 
ment desires to place upon the record the 
sorrow that it feels at the loss of its. 
beloved member. 

Resolved further: That this Board will miss 
her cheery smile, and her prompt and active 
cooperation in all that was of the best interest 
to the Society. 

Resolved further: That we extend to her 
family our deepest sympathy, and the assur- 
ance that we also loved her. 

Mary E. St. Clair, 
Bertha H. Talbott, 


Moved by Mrs. Hunter, seconded by Miss 
Temple and Mrs. Schoentgen, and carried, 
that the resolutions upon the death of Mrs. 
John P. Hume, Vice President General, as 
presented by Mrs. St. Clair, be accepted, and 
a copy be sent to Mrs. Hume's family. 

Mrs. St. Clair moved that a telegram of 
sympathy be sent to our Recording Secretary 
General on the death of her husband. Sec- 
onded by Mrs. Whitman and carried. 

Mrs. Hanger moved that a letter of sym- 
pathy be sent Mrs. A. IV. Cook upon the death 
of her mother. Seconded by Mrs. Reynolds 
and carried. 

The President General read her report. 

Report of President General 

Members of the National Board of Manage- 
This report of your President General covers 
the period from the October Board meeting 
to the present time, except this one item which 
was omitted in the last report, namely, a trip 
to Mount Vernon, October 2nd, on the Presi- 
dent's yacht, Mayfloiver, as your representative 
by invitation of Secretary Daniels. This 
occasion was held in honor of the guests from 
England and Holland who were visiting this 
country in connection with the celebration of 
the tercentenary of the Landing of the Pil- 




grims. It was a memorable event, this trip to 
beautiful Mount Vernon, sacred to the memory 
of George and Martha Washington ; a beau- 
tiful October day, a distinguished company of 
Cabinet Officers and their families, Army and 
Navy Officers and their wives, besides the 
Ambassador from Great Britain and Lady 
Geddes, the Minister for the Netherlands and 
the heads of several Patriotic Societies. 
Speeches were made by Secretary Daniels, 
Ambassador Geddes and the Minister for the 
Netherlands, at the tomb of Washington, and 
wreaths were placed in remembrance. I can 
never forget the beauty and solemnity of the 
scene. When opposite Mount Vernon the ship's 
engines were stopped, the company stood at 
attention, the flag was lowered to half-mast, 
while the bugler sounded taps, and then the 
band exultantly played " The Star-Spangled 
Banner." A scene full of beauty, patriotism, 
love of country, and honest pride in America. 

My first activity after the October Board 
meeting, if one can call attendance at a lovely 
party an activity, was attending the reception 
given in honor of the President General by 
the District Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution, at the Washington Club on the evening 
of October 20th, the evening after the Board 
meeting. On October 22nd and 23rd, I attended 
the New Jersey State meeting, held in Atlantic 
City, and went from there to St. Louis to 
attend the Missouri State Conference held on 
the 25th, 26th and 27th ; from thence returned 
to Connecticut to attend a luncheon given by 
the Ruth Wyllys Chapter, of Hartford, in 
honor of the President General. On Novem- 
ber 4th the State meeting of Connecticut was 
held in New London, by invitation of my own 
chapter, and was attended by several National 
Officers. It was with very great pleasure and 
pride that I welcomed them to Connecticut and 
to my home. 

On November 10th I went to Boston to 
meet the Tercentenary Commission of Massa- 
chusetts, and such members of our Fountain 
and Painting Committee as were at that time 
appointed and available, in order to view the 
three proposed sites for our Pilgrim Memorial 
Fountain, and on the 12th several members of 
our committee drove to Plymouth by invita- 
tion of our Librarian General to look over the 
ground and confer with the local officials. On 
November 15th I came to Washington to care 
for several matters here and then started for 
Charleston, West Virginia, to attend the State 
Conference on November I7th and 18th. After 
spending another day in Washington I returned 
to Connecticut, stopping over in New York 
to attend a demonstration of moving pictures 
under the Visual Education Society, arranged 

for by our Historian General in the interest of 
teaching history in our public schools. On 
November 30th an invitation was accepted for 
luncheon in New York, to which the heads of 
twenty-three National Patriotic and Civic 
Societies were invited by the National Se- 
curity League, to discuss cooperation and 
coordination of Americanization and other 
patriotic work. The next day I attended 
a meeting of a group of patriotic and 
welfare societies, held in the interest 
of Americanization and naturalization. De- 
cember 5th I returned to Washington and 
received at a dance given by the Abigail 
Hartman Rice Chapter of the District of 
Columbia, for the benefit of their American- 
ization work, and was present on December 
7th at a Special Board IMeeting for the admis- 
sion of members, and later at a meeting of 
the Executive Committee. December 9th and 
10th were given up to a luncheon and 
meeting of the Esther Stanley Chapter and 
a meeting of the Katherine Gaylord Chapter, 
both of Connecticut. 

On December 21st it was my privilege to 
represent our Society at the official celebration 
of the Tercentenary Anniversary of the land- 
ing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth. A special 
train from Boston was provided for the official 
guests of the Commission and also reserved 
seats in the theatre where the exercises were 
held, which included a fine address by Vice- 
President-Elect Coolidge, and an historical 
oration by Senator Lodge. Afterwards there 
was a bountiful luncheon at the Armory and a 
pilgrimage to Plymouth Rock, Burial Hill, 
Pilgrim Hall and other places of interest until 
four o'clock, when the special train returned 
to Boston. It was a day full of inspiration, 
and I wish every member of our Society could 
have been there. It is to be regretted that 
owing, I presume, to the fact that the time 
was so near Christmas, but few of the mem- 
bers of the Memorial Fountain and Painting 
Committee were able to avail themselves of 
the invitation of the Tercentenary Commission 
to attend this notable celebration. A meet- 
ing of this Committee was held in Boston on 
the evening of the 21st. Little was done except 
to talk over plans. The only action taken was 
to appoint the State Regents as a Finance Com- 
mittee, for raising the funds. Those members 
who were present at Plymouth viewed the 
sites suggested for our fountain. We must, 
however, await definite word from the Com- 
mission as to which of these positions may be 
taken into consideration by our Committee. 

The full list of members of the Memorial 
Fountain and Painting Committee, as ap- 
pointed by the President General, is as follows : 



Mrs. John Laidlaw Buel, Mrs. Frank W. 
Bahnsen, Miss Jenn Winslow Coltrane. Mrs. 
Anthony Wayne Cook, Mrs. Frank D. ElHson, 
Mrs. Frank B. Hall, Mrs. Henry McCleary, 
Mrs. James T. Morris, Mrs. Benjamin L. 
Purcell, Mrs. William N. Reynolds, Mrs. 
William D. Sherrerd, Mrs. James Lowry 
Smith, Mrs. William H. Wait, and Mrs. Charles 
S. Whitman. 

It has seemed best to me to put the painting 
also in charge of this Committee. 

On January 3rd, the Mary Clap Wooster 
Chapter, of New Haven, gave a luncheon in 
honor of the President General at the Hotel 
Taft, in New Haven, and on the 6th I repre- 
sented the Society at the exercises in connec- 
tion with the laying of the cornerstone of 
Roosevelt Memorial, in New York City, on the 
7th attended the Ball given by Constitution 
Chapter of the District of Columbia, at the 
Woman's City Club, and on the 11th received 
with notable women at the Americanization 
Ball given by the District Daughters at 
the Hadleigh. 

On January 14th Dr. Anita McGee and I 
went, by appointment, to interview Secretary 
Baker in the interest of securing pensions for 
nurses who served in the Spanish-American 
War. The results of this visit I am unable 
to state, except to say that Secretary Baker 
promised his interest and influence. 

The last two weeks in January were spent 
in the South visiting the Daughters of Florida, 
Georgia, North Carolina and Tennessee, and 
a few of the schools and colleges in which 
our Society is interested. It was a most inspir- 
ing trip, everywhere revealing enthusiasm and 
activity in the Society. It included visits to 
the State Conference of Florida, held in Aliami 
the 17th, 18th and 19th, and thence northerly 
to chapter meetings in Daytona, Jacksonville, 
and in Macon and Atlanta, Georgia. A visit 
was paid to the Martha Berry School, at Rome, 
Georgia, and to Maryville College, Maryville, 
Tennessee, and the Lincoln Memorial Univer- 
sity at Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. In all of 
these schools it was a pleasure to see the splen- 
did work being done for the mountain boys 
and girls. Meetings of the Daughters in 
Maryville and Knoxville were attended and 
finally a meeting of the home chapter of 
our Historian General, Miss Coltrane. in 
Concord, and also that of our Vice President 
General, Mrs. Reynolds, in Winston-Salem, 
North Carolina. 

Three meetings of your Executive Committee 
have been held, namely, on December 7, 1920, 
January 15 and February 8, 1921. The meet- 
ing of December 7th was called because of the 
necessity for sending a reply to the Govern- 
ment in regard to the renewal of the lease of 

our land on which one of its buildings stands, 
in the rear of our Hall. This in turn involved 
the question as to whether or not the Society's 
office building was to be started at once or 
action be deferred. It is to be remembered 
that the greater portion of our land has been 
leased rent free to the Government, but there 
is a certain small parcel, purchased from 
owners who had rented it to the Government, 
which now yields a rental to our Society, and 
if the office building could not be started at 
once, it was well worth while to secure this 
rent again if possible. 

As regards the office building, a very grave 
doubt has been growing up in my mind as to 
the advisability of entering upon its erection 
under present building conditions and high 
interest rates. I have felt for some time that 
it was the better part of wisdom to delay it, 
if possible, until conditions materially improve, 
and so advised the Chairman of your Office 
Building Committee. I therefore consulted 
with your Executive Committee on this- matter 
and stated to them that I had been given to 
understand that such a building as we are plan- 
ning would cost at least $300,000, at the present 
price of labor and materials, whereas Con- 
gress had authorized a loan of only $200,000; 
that rates of interest were not less than seven 
or seven and one-half per cent., and that main- 
tenance expenses also had to be considered. 
In view of the hea\'y obligations involved, I ad- 
vised delay, in the expectation that in another 
year conditions would be more stable, prices 
and interest lower, and that then our build- 
ing might come within the authorized cost. I 
also pointed out that the financial condition of 
the Society did not warrant large interest pay- 
ments, for we haye had to borrow $20,000 for 
current expenses until dues came in; that al- 
though it has been the usual practice in past 
years to borrow money toward the end of the 
year, pending the receipt of dues, this is never- 
theless an unwise practice as the dues of each 
year should meet that year's expenses, and that, 
therefore, it seemed unjustifiable to incur a 
debt and interest charges heavier than Con- 
gress authorized, at least not without reporting 
back to Congress for further instructions. 
Your Executive Committee unanimously passed 
the following resolution: 

Because of the high price of building 
material, the high rates in the money mar- 
ket, and general unsatisfactory building 
conditions, be it resolved that the matter 
of erecting a new office building be delayed 
until conditions improve. 

By authority of the meeting held January 
15, I signed an amended " Memorandum of an. 



Agreement " with our architects, with accom- 
panying letter qualifying the agreement, and 
providing for delay, in order that your Build- 
ing Committee might be in a position to sub- 
mit plans, specifications and estimates to Con- 
gress, but this does not involve any obligation 
to start building at once. 

In view of this motion of delaying work on 
the office building your Executive Committee 
voted that " the United States Government be 
offered the privilege of renewing their lease, 
on the adjoining land, for the period of one 
year from termination of present lease," but 
the Government has since notified us that it 
has decided not to renew. 

A letter from Messrs. Thompson and Laskey, 
the lawyers retained by Mr. Mellis to represent 
our Society in the case of Piper vs. the Na- 
tional Society, Daughters of the American 
Revolution, has been received, stating their wish 
to withdraw from the case and leave the Society 
at liberty to engage other counsel and that they 
had so informed the plaintiff's attorney. This 
letter was submitted to your Executive Com- 
mittee, which voted that Messrs. Thompson 
and Laskey be requested to turn over the papers 
in this case to the National Society. This has 
been done and the case has been placed in the 
hands of Minor, Gatley and Rowland, the 
attorneys who have served this Society for 
several years past. 

The matter of the Executive Manager is 
still under consideration by your Executive 

An offer of a position has been made to a 
woman who has been given two or three 
weeks to consider it and we are still waiting 
to hear from her. 

Your Executive Committee has also voted 
to curtail the publication of the Lineage Book, 
on account of the high cost of printing, reduc- 
ing the number printed this year to one, or at 
most two volumes, if our contract with the 
printers permitted. A further report on this 
matter will be made by your Historian General. 
The work of compilation still goes on. 

Two very interesting reports on the condi- 
tion of our work in Tilloloy have been re- 
ceived, one from Mrs. Harris and one from 
Madam de La Grange, showing fine progress 
in the digging of the well, which it is hoped to 
complete by the middle of February, after 
which the pipes will be laid. Photographs 
accompanied Mrs. Harris' letter and designs 
for the fountains were submitted with Madam 
de La Grange's letter. 

It is hoped to have the work completed or 
nearly so by next summer, at which time the 
President General will be asked to come over 
to dedicate it. 

So far, according to Madam de La Grange's 

report, 120,000 francs have been expended upon 
the work. 

I have long had it in mind that our Life 
Membership fees should constitute a permanent 
endowment fund for our Society. This seems 
a sound business proposition for us to adopt. 

If our Life Membership fee were reduced to 
$50 (by amendment to the by-laws) and put 
on interest in saving banks or by investment 
in Liberty Bonds, we should net the same in- 
come of $2.00 a year from each Life Member 
which we now get in annual dues from other 
members, and this would be for all time. It 
would not cease with the death, resignation or 
dropping of members. Hitherto our Life 
Membership fees (the one-half which remains 
with the National Society) have been applied 
to the permanent fund set aside for the erec- 
tion of Memorial Continental Hall and have 
been spent ; the chapters in most cases spent 
their one-half. But if the National Society 
and the chapters would invest their respective 
portions, and use only the interest, each would 
receive the one dollar a year and perhaps a 
little more from each Life Member, the same 
as if the member were paying annual dues. A 
certain and sure income not subject to losses 
in membership would thus be established for 
the Society and whether small or large would 
be of great benefit to it. 

I therefore recommend that the following 
amendment to our by-laws be proposed by this 
Board to the Thirtieth Continental Congress : 

Amend Article V, Section 5, by strik- 
ing out " One hundred " and inserting 
"Fifty"; and further amend this section 
by adding the following after the sentence 
ending, " to which the member belongs." 
" The Twenty-five dollars to the National 
Society shall be placed in a permanent 
fund ; the interest of which shall be applied 
on current expenses ; the chapters likewise 
shall place their share of this life member- 
ship payment in a permanent chapter fund, 
the interest of which should be used as are 
other dues, and on the transfer of the 
member, the life membership fee shall be 
turned over to the chapter to which the 
life member transfers. 

In closing my report I wish to add that 
Mrs. Robert H. Wiles has been appointed 
Chairman of Committee on Legislation in the 
United States Congress, to succeed Mrs. Selden 
P. Spencer, resigned ; Miss Annie M. Wallace, 
Chairman of Committee on Correct Use of 
the Flag, to succeed Mrs. John P. Hume, 
deceased ; Miss Alice Louise McDuffee, Chair- 
man of Finance Committee of Memorial 
Fountain and Painting Committee, and Mrs. 
Wallace G. W. Hanger, Chairman of our 



Building and Grounds Committee, Custodian 
of Flags. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Anne Rogers Minor, 
President General. 

The President General stated that unless 
there was objection all reports would be received 
without their recommendations, and that the 
recommendations might be taken up under 
new business, or acted on directly after the 
reports if the Board so wished. Mrs. Hall 
moved that recommendations contained in 
reports be acted upon directly foUoxn'ing the 
action taken upon the report. Seconded by 
Mrs. Nash and carried. On motion of Mrs. 
Buel, seconded by Mrs. St. Clair, it was car- 
ried that the report of the President General 
be adopted zmthoiit its recommendation. The 
adoption of the President General's recom- 
mendation in regard to life membership was 
moved by Mrs. Reynolds, seconded by Miss 
Coltrane, and carried. 

Mrs. Elliott read the report of the Record- 
ing Secretary General as follows : 

Report of Recording Secretary General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 

Since the meeting on October 20th last, the 
routine work of the office has gone forward 
as usual. 

The minutes of the regular meeting of Octo- 
ber 20th and of the special meeting of Decem- 
ber 7th, were duly prepared for the Magazine 
and proof read. Copies of the rulings were 
sent to all offices and the notification cards 
signed by your Recording Secretary General 
were promptly mailed to the 3674 new mem- 
bers admitted. 

The official notices, letters of sympathy, 
regret, and condolence in connection with the 
meetings were duly sent out. 

The notices to members of the Board of 
the February Board meeting were mailed a 
month in advance of the date of the meeting. 

One hundred and sixty-seven orders for Block 
certificates have been filled. 

Certificates of membership numbering 
2585 have been sent out since the last regu- 
lar meeting. Rita A. Yawger, 
Recording Secretary General. 

There being no objections, the report was 

Mrs. Elliott then read the report of the 
Executive Committee as follows : 

Report of Executive Committee 

Motions adopted at meeting, December 7, 
1920. Because of the high price of building 
materials, the high rates in the money market 

and general unsatisfactory building condi- 
tions, be it resolved that the matter of erect- 
ing a new Office Building be delayed until 
conditions improve. 

In view of the motion just passed delaying 
the erection of the proposed Office Building, 
moved that the United States Government be 
offered the privilege of renewing their lease 
on the adjoining land for the period of one 
year from termination of present lease. 

That the firm of Thompson & Laskey be 
asked to turn over to the National Society any 
papers they may have in the case of Piper vs. 
National Society. 

It was the consensus of opinion that the 
President General represent the National So- 
ciety at the meeting of the committee called 
by the National Security League as she did 
at the previous one (unofficially), and then 
come to the February Board meeting for 
official authorization if she thought best. 

January 15, 1921. — The President General 
reported that she had placed the case of Piper 
vs. N. S. D. A. R. in the hands of Mr. Benjamin 
Minor, and that the case might come up in 
two or three weeks. 

The matter of signing the contract for the 
Office Building was brought up by the Presi- 
dent General, and an amended agreement with 
an accompanying letter qualifying the agree- 
ment was presented. On motion of Mrs. White, 
seconded by Airs. Hunter, it was voted, That 
the President General be authorized to sign 
the " Memorandum of an Agreement," with 
qualifying letter dated January 14, 1921, sub- 
mitted by the architects this day in order that 
the Building Committee may be in a position 
to submit plans, specifications and estimates to 
the Congress. 

At the meeting of the Executive Committee 
held on February 8th, no action of any kind 
was taken. 

Mrs. Phillips read her report as Registrar 
General, requesting that she be permitted to 
bring in a supplemental report before the close 
of the meeting. 

Report of Registrar General 

Madam President General and Alembers of the 
National Board of Management : 

I have the honor to report : 2194 applications 
presented to the Board and 610 supplemental 
papers verified ; 2804 total number of papers 
verified ; permits issued for 1200 insignias, 400 
ancestral bars and 600 recognition pins. 

Papers examined and not yet approved : 619 
originals and 300 supplementals. Papers re- 
turned unverified : 26 originals and 109 sup- 
plemental. New records verified, 517. 

Among the applications accepted to-day are 



those of Mrs. Harding, wife of the President- 
elect ajid those of Mrs. Elizabeth Eckert, a 
Real Daughter, and her daughter, Dixon, 111. 

I move that the Recording Secretary General 
be instructed to cast the ballot for the appli- 
cants for membership. 

The Registrar General's Office finds itself 
up to date with its application papers that came 
in up to the ten-day limit. 

The membership is thriving, but there is a 
lack in force to handle the increase in original 
and supplemental papers, so the latter are be- 
hind, but are receiving attention. 

The condition of the office to date is : 

All notices have gone to the Chapter Regis- 
trars of members admitted in December. 

The cards of the members admitted at that 
meeting have all been turned over to the 
Organizing Secretary General. 

The list of the members admitted at that 
meeting have been sent to their respective 
State Regents. 

Eighteen volumes of application papers have 
been sent to the binders and returned. 

Duplicate papers of the members admitted in 
October have been returned. 

All names and numbers for the October and 
December Meetings have been put in the Dupli- 
cate Book and the papers for both Meetings 
have been numbered. 

The national numbers of the members ad- 
mitted at the October and December Meetings 
have been placed on the Ancestral Cards, 
together with the names of the children of 
the Revolutionary soldiers, through whom 
these members descend. 

There were a great many new records in the 
October Meeting. The permits for both 
Caldwell and Mrs. Key are up-to-date. 

There are many of our Daughters and appli- 
cants throughout the United States who do 
not know the workings of our office and feel 
they are being neglected, when they are not 
admitted as quickly as they wish, and fix the 
blame on our office. In order to show all who 
are in earnest in learning why their papers 
are delayed, I have asked our President Gen- 
eral's permission to keep a standing notice in 
the Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion Magazine notifying them what they must 
do to perfect a paper before sending it to 
the Registrar General's Office. We can not 
verify incomplete papers and the saving in 
postage and clerks' work would be an agree- 
able help to us. Please, State Regents, carry 
back to your States a word that with the con- 
gested condition of our office, we would greatly 
appreciate more help from them in filling 
out papers. 

You will hear from the Treasurer General's 
report what it is costing the Society for cler- 

ical service for the office of the Registrar Gen- 
eral. You are all pleased when an increasingly 
greater number of members are admitted and 
feel, perhaps, that the outlay is justifiable. For 
copying papers for which the Society charges 
a fee of 25 cents each we employ clerks at 
$3.00 a day. These clerks cannot copy more 
than six papers a day and in addition it takes 
the time of two clerks to compare the papers. 
This, with the expense of typewriters, postage, 
and the correspondence incident to this work, 
makes each paper copied by the Society actu- 
ally cost the Society $1.00, for which only 25 
cents is received. This is a positive leak and 
contrary to all business practice. 

One other phase of the work in the Regis- 
trar General's office which is done at a con- 
siderable loss to the Society is the verifying 
of supplemental papers. I realize in the early 
days it was desirable to have as many records 
verified as possible, but now with the great 
amount of work that is being done, does it 
seem fair that the Society should be required 
to verify, in many cases, eight or ten addi- 
tional papers for some of its members without 
making any charge for this service? I would 
recommend that $1.00 be charged for every 
additional paper verified. 

The Registrar General's office is the vital 
working power of the Organization. If we 
can admit 10.000 applicants in a year, the 
Treasurer General receives $20,000 from our 
admissions alone. If we can have more money 
for supplemental papers and for copying the 
papers, we add that to the Treasurer General's 
accounts, so that to succeed the Registrar Gen- 
eral's office must have a good working force. 

Respectfully submitted, 
(Mrs. James S.) Anna L. C. Phillips, 
Registrar General. 

The motion of Mrs. Phillips that the Record- 
ing Secretary be instructed to cast the ballot 
for 2194 members was seconded by Mrs. 
Hanger and Mrs. Ellison and carried. The 
Recording Secretary pro tern, announced the 
casting of the ballot and the President General 
declared the 2194 applicants members of the 
National Society. There being no objections, 
the report of the Registrar General without its 
recommendations was adopted. After consider- 
able discussion as to the best way to solve 
the problem of allowing the Registrar General 
to charge $1.00 for copying papers, which 
proposition met with the approval of many of 
the members, it was moved by Mrs. Buel, 
seconded by Miss McDuflfee, and carried, that 
the recommendation of the Registrar General 
be deferred until she can bring forivard a pro- 
posed amendment exactly covering the points 
that she wishes to amend. Mrs. Phillips read 



her recommendation in regard to charging $1.00 
for the verification of supplemental papers. The 
adoption of recommendation that members pay 
one dollar for the verification of each supple- 

mental paper was moved by Mrs. Chubbuck, 
seconded by Miss Temple, and carried. 

Mrs. Hunter read her financial report as 
follows : 

Report of Treasurer General 

Madam President General and Members of the National Board of Management: 

I herewith submit the following report of receipts and disbursements from October 1st 

to December 31, 1920. 


Balance in Bank at last report, September 30, 1920 



Annual dues, $28,344; initiation fees, $3496; Apostrophe to the Flag, 
$4.45; certificates, $3; copying lineage, $.75; creed cards, $48.73 
D. A. R. Reports, $25.68; die of insignia, $1.54; directory, $4.86 
duplicate papers and lists, $129.05; exchange, $2.38; gavel, $1.50 
hand-books, $11.34; index to Library books, $11.65; interest, $19.29 
lineage, $427.06; Magazine— subscriptions, $4841.85: single copies, 
$99.26; advertisements, $886.25; proceedings, $21.01; remem- 
brance books, $1; rent from slides, $42.87: ribbon, $5.94; rosettes, 
$1.50; stationery, $38.15; telephone, $14.58; books for Library 
$101: index to Lineage books, $30; Auditorium events, $300, 
Total receipts 

Notes Payable— National Metropolitan Bank 


Refunds : annual dues, $276 : initiation fees, $29 

President General: clerical service, $403.70; traveling expenses, 
$777.52; postage, telegrams and telephones, $65.12; rent and 
repairs to typewriter, $16; letter circulars, $2.75; expressage, $.42. 

Organizing Secretary General: clerical service, $808.89; parchment 
$400- lithographing and engrossing, $45.55; cards, envelopes and 
circulars. $33.50: program of organization, $30.25: Regent's lists, 
$98.70; postage and telegram, $11; sharpening erasers, $1.80.... 

Recording Secretary General: clerical service, $678; committee lists, 
$78.25 ; expressage, $.66 .• ■ • 

Certificates- clerical service, $286.86: certificates, $200; engrossing, 
$181.50; altering plate. $30; postage, $120; pencil sharpener and 
repairs to typewriter, $2.40 • • ■ 

Corresponding Secretary General: clerical service, $329.04; postage, $84. 

Registrar General: clerical service, $3334.79; binders, cards, rule, eraser 
and stamp, $89.29 : binding books and repairs to typewriter, $18.50 ; 
postage and sharpening erasers, $6.20 • • 

Treasurer General: clerical service, $3329.82: blanks, binders and 
instructions, $169.75; postage and telegrams, $5.18: repairs to 
typewriter and rent safe deposit, $4.10 ■■■ 

Historian General : clerical service, $675 ; circulars, $12.70 ; postage, $5. 

Reporter General : C. R. S. I. : reprint of reports ^: ; "no' " u ' \' 

Librarian General: clerical service, $643.14; accessions, $14.92; book 
labels, $15; binding volumes, $49.35; postage and expressage, 
$12.09: repairs to typewriter, $.50 •"■•■•, '. ' ' 

Curator General: clerical service, $261.54; postage, $2; sharpening 
erasers, $.15 ; • • / • " ' / ' .' ' \" 

General Office: clerical service, $540.78; clerical service (Magazine), 
$320.64: messenger service. $71.36; postage and stamped envelopes, 
$1055 92- carfare, expressage and sharpening erasers, $9.64; 
supplies '$18.75; flowers, $10.98; President General's pin, $60.... 














Committees : Building and Grounds — clerical service, $5 ; postage, 
$1.50; Conservation and Thrift — circulars. $9.25; paper and envel- 
opes, $4.03 ; postage, $.60 ; Finance — clerical service, $30 ; Inter- 
national Relations — circulars, letterheads and envelopes, $21.25; 
Liquidation and Endowment — circulars, $19.80 ; postage, $14.25 ; 
National Old Trails Road — circulars, letterheads and envelopes, 
$34.50; Patriotic Education and Americanization — letterheads, 
envelopes and circulars, $90.62; reprints of reports, $31; postage, 
$10.70; telegram, $.72; Patriotic Lectures and Lantern Slides — 
clerical service, $2.50; slides, $61.86; postage, telegrams and 
expressage, $12.29; Philippines Scholarship — reprint of reports 
$11; Preservation of Historic Spots — circulars, $3.10; postage, $2 
Prevent Desecration of the Flag — reprint of reports, $4.50 
Reciprocity — clerical service, $21.75; folders and clasps, $2.50 
Statistics — reprint of reports, $17.50 

Expense Continental Hall : employees' payroll, $2230.54 ; electric 
current and gas, $102.19; ice and towel service, $40.60; repairs to 
elevator and motor, $10.85; hauling, $5; cleaning curtains, $11.25; 
water rent, $15.21 ; supplies, $73.1 1 

Printing Machine— expense : Printer, $70; paper, $290.70; die, $1.80. 

Magazine: Committee — clerical service, $111.86; stationery, $29.90; 
blanks, $9; folders, $30; postage, $166; Editor— salary, $500; 
stationery, $12.15; postage, $157.66; telegrams, $1.34; expressage, 
$1.47; articles and photos, $186; Genealogical Editor — Expense 
"Notes and Queries," $90; postage, $6; Printing and Mailing 
September, October and November issues, $9047.81 ; Cuts, $573.80. 

Auditing accounts 

Auditorium events : labor, lights and refund 

D. A. R. Reports : postage 


Lineage: postage, expressage and old volumes, $51.58; 1500 copies, 
vol. 54, $1698.07 

Proceedings: postage and wrapping, $298.18: 2000 copies, $2804.05 .. 

Regent's list refunded 

Remembrance books: clerical service, $50; postage, $36; 2000 copies, 

State Regents' postage 


Support of Real Daughters 


Thirtieth Congress : Credential Committee — blanks, $45 ; cards, $38 ; 

stamp, $.90 ; postage, $41 

Total disbursements 
















Balance in Bank at last report, September 30, 1920 


Charter fees 

Life membership fees 

Continental Hall contributions 

Liberty Loan contributions and interest 

Commissions : Insignia $252.50 

Recognition pins 38.70 

Interest : Bank balances $43.43 

Bonds 45.00 










Liquidation and Endowment Fund 
Rent from Land 


Total receipts 


Notes Payable — Liberty Loan 
Interest — -Liberty Loan 

Total disbursements . . . . 



Petty Cash Fund 


immigrants' manual 







Balance, September 30, 1920 





Balance, September 30, 1920 






Balance, September 30, 1920 






Balance, September 30, 1920 



Total Special Funds 
















Current $1,614.54 


Petty Cash 

Immigrants' Manual 


Patriotic Education 

Philippine Scholarship 

Pilgrim Mothers' Memorial Fountain 

Preservation of Historic Spots 

Red Cross 

Relief Service . . 

Bal. 9-30-20 

Receipts Disbursements . 

Bal. 12-31-20 


































Totals $11,213.23 $71,778.01 

5,696.17 $24,295.07 


Balance, National Metropolitan Bank $23,795.07 

Petty cash (in Treasurer General's Office ) 500.00 

Total $24,295.07 


Permanent Fund— Liberty Bonds $100,000'.00 

Permanent Fund — Chicago and Alton Bonds 2,314.84 

Permanent Fund — Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Bond 1,000.00 

Philippine Scholarship Fund — Liberty Bonds 6,900.00 



To National Metropolitan Bank for Liberty Bonds as per vote of 

28th Congress $5,000.00 

To National Metropolitan Bank for Current Fund, as per vote of 

National Board of Management 20.000.00 



(^Irs. Livingston L.) Lillian A. Hunter, 

Treasurer General. 

Mrs. St. Clair, as Acting Chairman of the 
Finance Committee, read the report of that 

Report of Finance Committee 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 

In the absence of the Chairman of the 
Finance Committee I have the honor to sub- 
mit the follovi^ing brief report for the months 
of October, November and December. Vou- 
chers have been approved to the amount of 
$58,291.17, of which $16,194.53 has been dis- 
bursed for Patriotic Education and $2292.02 for 
Relief "Work. 

Some other large expenditures were for : 

Clerical service 11,706.20 

Magazine 10.633.65 

Employees of Hall 2,430.15 

Postage 1.708.60 

Support of Real Daughters 544.00 

Proceedings of 29th Congress 2.804.05 

Notes Payable. Liberty Loan 2.000.00 

Interest on Notes 295.55 

Lineage Book. 54th volume 1,698.07 

Remembrance Book, July Issue .... 317.50 
Miscellaneous as itemized in Treas- 
urer General's report , 5,666.85 

The Finance Committee makes the following 
recommendations : 

1. That the action of the Board at the Octo- 



ber meeting in regard to raising the initiation 
fee to $3.00 be rescinded. 

2. That Article V, Section 1, of the By-Laws 
be amended by striking out the word one and 
inserting the word five, so that it reads " The 
initiation fee shall be five dollars." 
Respectfully submitted, 
(Mrs. Francis A.) Mary E. St. Clair, 
Acting Chairman. 

There being no objections, the report of the 
Finance Conmiittee was adopted without its 
recommendations. The President General ex- 
plained that since the action taken at the Octo- 
ber Board many members had expressed the 
opinion that it would be wise to make the 
initiation fee $5.00, and while, of course, it was 
for the Congress to decide what the initiation 
fee should be, if the proposed amendment set 
the figure at $3.00, the Congress could not vote 
to make it $5.00, whereas if $5.00 is proposed, 
Congress can vote to make it either that sum 
or less if it should so decide. Moved by Miss 
Temple, seconded by Mrs. Ellison and carried, 
that the action of the October meeting in 
recommending an increase of initiation fee from 
$1.00 to $3.00 be rescinded. The second recom- 
mendation of the Finance Committee was duly 
put and adopted, the point being emphasized 
that this proposed amendment was merely to 
be circulated among the chapters and to come 
up to the next Congress for decision. Mrs. 
Young requested that her vote in opposition 
to both the recommendation for increase of 
initiation fee and for the charge for the veri- 
fication of supplemental papers be recorded in 
the minutes. 

Miss Coltrane, Chairman, read the report of 
the Auditing Committee. 

Report of Auditing Committee 
Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 
Your committee has met regularly since the 
report to the October Board Meeting for the 
purpose of comparing the report of the Treas- 
urer General with the audit by the American 
Audit Company. The accounts have been 
audited up to and including December 31, 1920 
and have in all cases agreed with the report of 
the Auditors. 

Under authority of the National Board, the 
Auditing Committee, on October 20, 1920, 
entered into a new contract with the American 
Audit Company, effective May 1, 1920, at a rate 
of $900 per annum. This is an increase of 
$12.50 a month, per year, over the pre- 
vious contract. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Jenn Win slow Coltrane, 


The adoption of the report of the Auditing 
Committee was moved by Miss Coltrane, sec- 
onded by Mrs. Reynolds and carried. 

Miss Coltrane then gave her report as His- 
torian General as follows : 

Report of Historian General 

Aladam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 

The regular routine work of our office has 
been such that at this time we wish only to 
call your attention to a few facts as we will 
soon present our yearly report. Letters con- 
taining suggestions we felt it wisest to concen- 
trate upon this year, were sent to the State 
Regents and State Historians just after the 
October Board Meeting. 

Our War Records being unfinished business, 
we have striven doubly hard to have them 
completed this year. Each state was asked to 
have the records ready for the binder by the 
first of January. This request came to some 
states as a surprise and a greater surprise to us 
when we learned the work had hardly been 
begun by some ; of necessity, this means delay, 
but we would like to bring to your attention that 
we are concentrating every effort to have them 
completed as soon as possible. With the ear- 
nest and untiring cooperation of Miss Florence 
S. M. Crofut, our Vice Chairman of the His- 
torical Research and Preservation of Records 
Committee, through which Committee the work 
is being carried out, we have sent to each state 
a plan of indexing, making it possible to have 
imiformity of compiling, as well as uniformity 
of blank and the selected binder has specifica- 
tions which complete the uniformity in binding. 
We are expecting great results. May we not 
be disappointed and may we not disappoint you ! 

Since our October Board Meeting we found it 
advisable to sell the Lineage Books due to the 
heavy increase of the cost of printing. Through 
the State Historians we have tried to find how 
many chapters would buy them at cost price, 
also we have striven to have the value of the 
books stressed before each state, feeling that 
if the real value of these records were under- 
stood better, the clamor for obtaining same 
would at once make it possible for the books 
to make expenses. So far we have only 114 
promises which as you see is less than one- 
third of the cost of one issue, as each edition 
of 800 volumes cost $1946.50. We will con- 
tinue to have this work brought before the 
chapters helping them more fully to realize 
they can hardly be valued in dollars and cents. 
Volume 55 is now ready for distribution at a cost 
of $3.00 per volume. Volume 56 is off the press. 
Volume 57 is ready for the printer when so or- 
dered. Work on Volume 58 is well under way. 



Our President General, the Vice President 
General of New York, our Recording Secre- 
tary General and your Historian General 
viewed the historical pictures prepared by 
Doctor Bagley, of the Teachers' College, Colum- 
bia University, for the Society for Visual 
Education on November 20th. These are 
animated maps mainly teaching the facts of 
our history in such manner as to make them 
unforgettable to the child's mind. Doctor 
Bagley is a pioneer in this work, and we feel 
this movement is one that will be of untold 
value to future generations, as it is given to 
the school children of our country. 

It has been a matter of great gratification to 
have letters telling of the help of the historical 
program in our Magazine, we hope in 
another year this may be of still greater value. 
We have been pleased with the intense desire 
of many to have our historical women given 
a greater prominence in our work of research. 
A report on this work will not be possible be- 
fore the Congress. Our highest hope lays in 
making a keener realization of the great store- 
house of knowledge that awaits us. if only we 
turn our pages of history. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Jenn Winslow Coltrane, 
Historian General. 

There being no objections, the report was 

The report of the Reporter General to the 
Smithsonian Institution was, in the absence of 
Miss Wilson, read by the Recording Secre- 
tary pro tcm. 

Report of Reporter General to the Smith- 
sonian Institution 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 

The Reporter General has been silent at the 
Board meeting heretofore because, in accord- 
ance with the custom which was handed down 
to her, nearly all the work of the office was 
done during the last three months of the year. 

Up to the time of the June meeting nothing 
had been done or needed to be done excepting 
to order a little stationery and write an occa- 
sional letter. In mid-summer, blank forms for 
reports from State Regents and State His- 
torians were ordered, and mailed to those 
officers in each state in August and September. 
By the middle of November, with the aid of 
sundry postcard reminders and persuasive let- 
ters, nearly all of these blanks had been returned 
with the desired information inserted. In a 
few cases, owing to some unfortunate condi- 
tion existing in certain states, either the Regent 
or the Historian was unable to make the desired 

report. But fortunately in every state but 
one, Louisiana, one or the other of these officers 
was able to present an adequate report. 

A great deal of correspondence has been 
necessary in order to clarify obscure points and 
to correct errors in records ; but there has been 
a spirit of helpfulness and hearty cooperation 
on the part of the state officers which has been 
most gratifying and pleasant and has made my 
task far less difficult than it would other- 
wise have been. 

The severe strain of making up the report 
this year was increased by the fact that late 
in the year the Secretary of the Smithsonian 
Institution advised the Reporter General that 
in order to avoid a long delay in its publication, 
the report must be submitted by the first of 
January. Heretofore the required date has 
been the first of February. However, the 
manuscript of the report was completed and 
mailed on December 27th. 

This year the Reporter General proposes 
to change the system a little and to send out the 
blanks directly after the adjournment of the 
Thirtieth Continental Congress, so that they 
may be filled in and returned before the sum- 
mer vacations begin, and so avoid the extreme 
rush of work at the last of the year. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Lillian M. Wilson, 
Reporter General to Smithsonian Institution. 

The President General requested that the fol- 
lowing letter be also read as part of the report : 

Smithsonian Institution, 
Washington. U. S. A. 
December 30, 1920. 
Dear Madam : 

The manuscript of the Twenty-third Report 
of the Daughters of the American Revolution 
has been received and carefully examined, and 
is entirely satisfactory in every respect. It 
will be communicated to Congress today, in 
accordance with law. 

I wish to compliment you on the excellence 
of the substance and form of the manuscript. 
It shows not only care and painstaking work in 
the mechanical part of its preparation, but also 
editorial ability and knowledge of what these 
reports should be. It is a concise, though com- 
prehensive, account of the work of the Daugh- 
ters during the year, which is exactly what 
was wanted, and I congratulate you on an 
excellent piece of work. 

Very truly yours, 

Charles D. Walcott, 

Miss Lillian M. Wilson 

Report accepted. 



Mrs. Ellison read her report as Librarian 

Report of Librarian General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 

Since October many letters have been written 
to the State Librarians, whom I find most en- 
thusiastic in the work of finding books of his- 
torical and genealogical value for our Library. 
It is with pleasure that in behalf of the Library, 
I thank the State Regents who have appointed 
State Committees with the object of interesting 
the chapters in contributing suitable books. 

Again I urge those State Regents who have 
no State Memorial Continental Hall Library 
Committee to appoint one. Also it will assist 
very much if the State Librarians may be 
invited to explain the needs of the Library at 
the State Conference and Board meetings. 

An Honor Roll has been kept in which each 
state is credited with its donations of books. 
I am very happy to say that Massachusetts has 
given 36, Missouri has given 24, and Alabama 
has given 22. All these gifts are much appre- 
ciated, and we are also deeply grateful to 33 
other states for the books which they have so 
kindly sent to the Library. 

These books have been given by the chapters 
and indivduals through the State Librarians, 
and thus the states are adding to the value of 
their respective collections at Memorial Con- 
tinental Hall. 

I have the honor to report the following 
additions to the Library : 

Alabama : 

The following eight books and one pamphlet 
were received through Miss AI. C. Thurber, 
State Librarian of Alabama : 

Year Book Parish of Christ Church, Mobile, 
1883. Presented by Miss Thurber. 

Footprints of Time; an analysis of Charles 
Bancroft. 1881. Presented by Miss Thurber. 

A Belle of Fifties. Memoirs of Mrs. Clement 
Clay Clopton. 1905. Presented by Mrs. A. 
B. Jones. 

Pickett's History of Alabama. 3rd. ed., 1851. 
2 Vols. Presented by the Misses Mary C. 
and Jennie B. Chamberlain. 

Catholic History of Alabama and Florida. 
Mother Superior of Convent of Mercy. 1908. 
1 Vol. Presented by J. W. Fairfax. 

University of J^irginia. Historical and Bio- 
graphical. Barringer and Garnet, editors. 2 
Vols. 1904. Presented by Mrs. R. H. Inge. 

California : 

Through the California State Librarian, Mrs. 

Charles T. Boothe, were received the following 
three volumes : 

The Founding of Spanish California, C. E. 
Chapman, 1916. Presented by Pasadena 

Pasadom, Historical and Personal. J. W. 
Wood, 1917. Presented by Martin Severance 

Illustrated History of Los Angeles County. 
1899. Presented by Mrs. W. S. Bullis for 
Los Angeles Chapter. 

Connecticut : 

The following three volumes were presented 
by Faith Trumbell Chapter : 

History of the First Church in Preston, Conn. 

History of Norzvich, Conn. F. M. Caulkins 

Historx of New London County, Conn. D 
H. Hurd". Phila. 1882. 

District of Columbia : 

Lists of Swiss Emigrants in the Eighteenth 
Century to the American Colonies. Vol. 1. 
Zurich, 1734-1744. Albert B. Faust. 1920. Pre- 
sented by the Livingston Manor Chapter. 

Colonial Architecture of Philadelphia. Frank 
Cousins and Phil M. Riley. Presented by The 
Telles de Rochambeau Chapter. 

Pictorial Life of George Washington. J. 
Frost. 1853. Presented by Miss McCabe, 
Thomas Marshall Chapter, in the name of her 
sister, Mrs. Harrison Russell. 

The End of an Era. John S. Wise. 1902. 

Rhode Island Manual 1898-1890. The last 
two presented by Miss Catherine Barlow. 

Georgia : 

The following two volumes were presented 
by the Governor John Milledge Chapter. 

Book of the United States. 

Literary and Miscellaneous Scrap Book. 
Iowa : 

loii'a, Its History and Its Foremost Citizens. 
By Johnson Brigham. 2 Vols., 1918. Pre- 
sented by Miss Abbie McMillan, Onawa Chap- 
ter, through courtesy S. J. Clarke. 

History of Cherokee County, lozva. Thomas 
McCulla. 2 Vols., 1914. Presented by Pilot 
Rock Chapter. 

Keokuk County, loiva, and the World War. 
Earle W. Wells.' 1920. Presented by James 
McElwee Chapter. 

Proud Mahasha. 1843-1900. Semira A. 
Phillips. 1900. Presented by Elizabeth 
Ross Chapter. 

Welfare Campaign in lozva. M. L. Hansen. 
1920. Presented to the D. A. R. Library 
bv the Iowa State Historical Society. 



Kentucky : 

The following three books were received 
through the Kentucky State Librarian, Miss 
Emily Morrow. 

The Story of Paducali. Fred G. Neuman. 
1920. Gift of the Paducah Chapter. 

School History of Kentucky. Z. F. Smith. 
1889. Gift of Fort Jefferson Chapter. 

History of Kentucky. Mann Butler. Gift 
of the Jane McAfee Chapter. 

Maryland : 

Annals of Sandy Spring, Md. Wm. H. 
Farquhar. 1884. Presented by Mordecai Gist 
Chapter through the Maryland State Libra- 
rian, Mrs. C. T. Marsden. 

Massachusetts : 

Tzvo Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of 
Maiden, Mass. 1900. 

Historic Homes and Places and Genealogical 
and Personal Memoirs of Middlesex Co., Mass. 
W. R. Cutter, Editor. 4 Vols. 1908. 

Piscataqua Pioneers, 1623-1775. John Scales, 
ed. 1919. Gift of Mrs. George R. Blinn. 

History of Hampstead, N. H. E. H. Noyes. 
2 Vols. 1899, 1903. Presented by Mrs. Rufus 
K. Noyes. 

Memoirs of General Lafayette. 1824. Pre- 
sented by Mrs. Frank H. Warren. 

Glover Memorials and Genealogies. Anna 
Glover, 1867. Presented by Old Blake 
House Chapter. 

Historical Outline of the Ransom Family of 
America, and Genealogical Record of the 
Colchester, Conn., Branch. W. C. Ransom, 
1903. Presented by Old South Chapter. 

From Faneuil Hall Chapter were received the 
following three volumes : 

Tiventy-fourth Report Record Commissioners 
of Boston. 1894. Presented by Mrs. Ida Farr 
Miller, Regent. 

Comprehensive History of Eastham, Well- 
fieet and Orleans, 1644-1844. Enoch Pratt. 
1844. Presented by Mrs. Eva G. Ripley, 

Ancient Middlesex. L. S. Gonld. 1905. Pre- 
sented by Mrs. Mary P. G. Putnam. 

Concord Historic, Literary and Picturesque 
G. B. Bartlett. 1895. Presented by Abigail 
Phillips Quincy Chapter. 

Historic Homes and Institutions and Genea- 
logical and Personal Memoirs of Worcester 
County. Ellery B. Crane. 4 Vols. 1907. 
Presented by Abigail Philips Quincy Chapter 
through courtesy of Mrs. George Hayes. 

Washington the Soldier. Henry B. Carrington. 
1898. Presented by Boston Tea Party Chapter 
through the Regent, Miss Evvie F. Dalby. 

A Munsey-Hopkins Genealogy. D. O. S. 

Lowell. 1920. Presented by Miss Lucy 
C. Sweet. 

History of Chelmsford, Mass. Wilton 
Waters. 1917. Presented by Old Bay State 

Willard Genealogy, Sequel to Willard 
Memoir. Edited by H. C. Pope. 1915. Pre- 
sented by Old Colony Chapter. 

Michigan : 

Michigan Military Records. The D. A. R. 
of Michigan Historical Collections : Records of 
the Revolutionary Soldiers buried in Michigan ; 
the Pensioners of Territorial Michigan ; and 
the soldiers of Michigan awarded the " Medal 
of Honor." By Sue Imogene Silliman. 1920. 
Presented by the Michigan D. A. R. 

Biographical Sketches and Records of the 
Ecra Olin Family. George S. Nye. 1892. Pre- 
sented by Kate Russell Oakley. 

Missouri : 

Portrait and Biographical Record of Clay, 
Ray, Carroll, Charleton and Linn Counties, 
Mo. 1893. Presented by Alexander Doniphan 

The Columbian Chapter of Missouri pre- 
sented the following two volumes : 

The State of Missouri. Walter Williams. 

History of Boone County, Mo. 1882. 

Campfire and Battlefield. Rossiter Johnson. 
Presented by Hannibal Chapter, Missouri. 

The Gentry Family in America, 1676-1909. 
Richard Gentry. 1909. Presented by Kansas 
City Chapter in honor of its first Regent, Miss 
Elizabeth Gentry, daughter of the author. 

Annals of Platte County, Mo. W. M. 
Paxton. 1897. Presented by the Maryville, 
Mo. Chapter. 

History of Marion County, Missouri. 1884. 
Presented by Polly Carroll Chapter. 

New Jersey : 

Fort Duquesne and Fort Pitt. Fifth edition. 
Published by the D. A. R. of Allegheny County, 
Pa. 1918. Presented by Mrs. Oswald N. 
Cammann through the New Jersey State 
Librarian. Mrs. W. C. McPherson. 

Ncivark, Delazvare: Past and Present. E. 
O. Handy and J. E. Vallandigham, Jr., 1882. 
Presented by Cooch's Bridge Chapter. 

Somerset County Historical Quarterly. Vol. 
8, 1919. Presented by General Frelinghuysen 
Chapter, N. J. 

New York : 

History of the Pioneer Settlement of 
Phelps and Gorhams Purchase and Morris' 
Reserve, N. V. Orsamus Turner. 1852. 
Presented by Col. William Prescott Chapter. 



North Carolina : 

History of Edgecombe Co., N. C. J. K. 
Turner and J. L. Bridger. 1920. Presented 
by Miles Harvey Chapter. 

North Dakota : 

From the State Librarian of North Dakota, 
Mrs. Kate E. Glaspell, the following two books 
were received : 

History of North Dakota. W. B. Hennessy. 

Stuts)iian County in the M'orld War. N. J. 
Gillespie, n. d. 

South Carolina : 

Through the South Carolina State Librarian, 
Mrs. F. C. Cain, were received the following 
five volumes : 

Register of St. Philip's Parisli, Charleston, 
S. C, 1720-1758. A. S. Salley, Jr. 1904. 

History of the South Carolina College, 1801- 
1857. M. La Borde. 1859. 

Vasconselos. W. Gilmore Simms. 1854. 

Genealogieal History of the Waters and Kin- 
dred Families. Philemon B. Waters. 1902. 
Presented by Miss Mallie B. Water, daughter 
of the author, in memory of her father. 

History of Edgefield County, S. C. J. A. 
Chapman. 1897. Presented by Miss Mallie 
B. Waters. 

Vermont : 

History and ]\lap of Danbx, Vt. J. C. Wil- 
liams. 1869. 

History of Ton'u of Fair Haven, J^t. A. 
N. Adams. 

Rupert. J^t., Historical and Descriptive. G. 
S. Hibbard. 1899. 

Pazi'let for One Hundred Years. Hiel 
Hollister. 1867. 

Gazetteer and Directory of Rutland, Co., J^t. 
Hamilton Child. 1861. The last five volumes 
presented by Lake St. Catherine Chapter, Vt. 

Virginia : 

List of the Revolutionary Soldiers of Vir- 
ginia. H. U. Eckenrode. 1913. Presented by 
Hampton Chapter through Virginia State 
Librarian, Airs. W. W. Richardson. 

Washington : 

Puhlications of the JVashington State His- 
torical Society. Vol. 2. 1915. 

Commenwrative Celebration at SequalitcJiezv 
Lake, Pierce County, Washington, July 5, 1906. 
The last two volumes presented by Mrs. W. 
P. Bonney through Mrs. H. W. Patton. 

Wisconsin : 

The following two volumes were received 
from Ah-dah-wa-gam Chapter, Wisconsin. 

Along the Wisconsin River. A. Decker 
Presented by E. P. Arpin. 
Poems. D. K. Gibson. Presented bi' the Author. 

West Virginia : 

Descendants of Remold and Matthezv Marvin 
—of Hartford, Ct. 1638 and 1635. G. F. and 
William T. R. Marvin. 1904. The gift of Mrs. 
John S. Gibson. 

A Memorial Sketch of Thomas Jefferson 
Lamar. Samuel Tyndale Wilson, 1920. Pre- 
sented by the Author, President, Maryville 

A Century of Maryville College. 1819-1919. 
Samuel Tyndale Wilson. Presented by Mary- 
ville College, Tennessee. 

Year Book of American Clan Grcgor 
Society. Egbert W. Magruder, Editor. 1920. 
Presented by the Society. 

History and Genealogy of the Families of 
Bellinger and De Veaux and Other Families. 
Joseph G. Bulloch. 1895. Presented by 
Benjamin Grady. 

Book of the Lockes. A Genealogical and His- 
torical Record of the Descendants of William 
Locke, of Woburn. John G. Locke. 1853. Pre- 
sented by Milnor Ljungstedt as a memorial to 
Mrs. Grace Le Baron (Locke) Upham. 

Francis Morgan: An Early Virginia Burgess 
and Some of His Descendants. Annie Noble 
Sims. 1920. Presented by the Author. 

District of Columbia. Concise Biographies 
and Statistical Data. 1908. Presented by Col. 
A. C. Rogers. 

Bibliography of the District of Columbia 

to 1898. W. B. Bryan. 1900. Presented by 
the Columbia Historical Society. 

From Mr. Philip Lee Phillips the following 
seven volumes were received : 

A List of Geographical Atlases in the Library 
of Congress zi'ith bibliographical notes. Philip 
Lee Phillips. 4 Vols. 1909-1920. 

Descriptive List of Maps and Spanish Pos- 
sessions in the United States, 1502-1820. 
Woodbury Lowry. Edited by Philip Lee 
Phillips. " 1912. 

List of Maps of America in Library of Con- 
gress. P. E. Phillips. 1901. 

List of Atlases and Ahips Applicable to the 
World War. Philip Lee Phillips. 1918. 

Tozvns of Kezv England and Old England, 
Ireland and Scotland. Part L 1920. Issued 
and presented by the State Street Trust Co. 

History of the Midzmy Congregational 
Church. Liberty Co.. Ga. 283 pp. 1899. Pre- 
sented by Mr. Neyle Colquitt. 

Report of American Scenic and Historic Pres- 
ervation Society for 1920. Gift of the Society. 



History of the Descendants of J. Conrad 
Ceil and son Jacob Geil. H. Wenger. 1914. 

Vital Records of Deerfield, Mass. W. 
Baldwin. 1920. 

Vital Records of Menden, Mass. J. W. 
Baldwin. 1920. 

The following received through exchange : 

Giles Memorial, by J. A. Vinton, Boston, 

Jordan Memorial, by T. F. Jordan, Boston, 

Doane Genealogy. B. A. A. Doane, Boston. 

Dudley Genealogy, by Deane Dudley, 2 Vols., 
and supplement, 1886-1898. 

Genealogical History of Henry Adams of 
Braintree, by A. N. Adams, Rutland, 1898. 

Stiles Faniilx of Connecticut, by H. R. Stiles, 

Foster Genealogy, bv F. C. Pierce, Chicago, 

Chandler Genealogy, by George Chandler, 
Worcester, 1883. 

Report of the American Historical Associa- 
tion for 1917. 

National Genealogical Society Quarterly. 
Vols. 5 and 6. 1916, 1917. 

Proceedings and Collections Wyoming His- 
torical and Geological Society. Vol. 17. 1920. 

National Year Book S. A. R., for 1919-1920. 
A volume presented by the N. S. S. A. R. 


Daily Bulletin of the Nathan Hale Cluipter. 
August 31-September 4, 1896. All published. 
Presented by Mrs. Caroline E. McW. Holt. 

A Reviezv of " Isaac Shelby and the Genet 
Mission," by Dr. Archibald Henderson. By 
S. M. Wilson. 1920. Presented by the author. 

Record of suit of Ante dec Menard against 
Samuel Massey, both of Missouri, April, 1844. 
Presented by Mrs. C. M. Knapp, Regent, Noah 
Coleman Chapter, Missouri. 

History of Gloucester County, Va. S. N. 
Robins. Gift of Miss McCabe. 

Nos. One, Two, and Three of Vol. Tzventy- 
three, Neiv York Genealogical and Historical 

History of Lake Cham plain. P. S. Palmer. 
Part 3, 1853. 

Nos. one and three. J'crmont Quarterly 
Gazetteer. 1860, 1862. The last three presented 
by Mrs. G. F. Ripley through the Vermont 
State Librarian. Mrs. W. F. Root. 

Historical Discourse delivered on the One 
Hundredth Anniversary of the Piscataqua 
Association of Ministers, October, 1881. By 
George B. Spalding, 1882. Presented by Mrs. 
George R. Blinn. 

Manual of the Second Congregational 

Church, Attleborongh, Mass. 1868. Presented 
by Miss Lucy C. Sweet. 

Lineage Book, National Society Daughters 
of Founders and Patriots of America. Vol. 8. 
1920. Presented by the Society. 

Early History of the Daniel and Daniels 
Families. H. D. Teetor. 1920. Received 
in exchange. 

Historical Sketch of Ohoopee Baptist Church, 
Washington County, Ga., 1792-1904. J. R. 
Daniel. Presented by Major General Samuel 
Elbert Chapter. 

Greenland in New Jersey, 1768-1808. Henry 
Race. Presented by Orange Mountain Chapter. 

Tzventy -ninth Annual Reunion of the 
Reynolds Family Association. 1920. Presented 
by the Association. 

Annals of Statistics of Gynn County. Georgia. 
C. S. Wylly. 1897. Presented by Brunswick 

From the South Carolina State Librarian, 
Mrs. F. C. Cain, were received Nos. 7, 8, 9, 19, 
20, and 21 of the Collections of the Huguenot 
Society of South Carolina. 

The Woodruffs of Westfield, N. J. Wilford 
B. Woodruff. Presented by Westfield Chapter. 

The following two pamphlets were received 
from Ah-dah-wa-gan Chapter: 

Grand Rapids, Wisconsin. A. Decker. 1907. 

The Tzi'in Cities, Grand Rapids and Centralla, 
Wis. 18%. The two presented by Mrs. Ivah 

Bryantville Nen's. Historic Pembroke, Mass. 
1712-1912. Presented by Mystic Side Chapter. 

The Duffield Family. Harriet L. D. Myers. 
Presented by the author, Mrs. E. Roy Myers. 

Dedication of the Memorial Tablet to Allen 
Bread. Presented by Miss Clara Breed. 


Annals of lon'a. July. October. 

Bulletin N. S. S. A. R. October 

Bulletin Nezv York Public Library. October. 

Daughters of the American Revolution 
Magazine. November, December, January, 

Genealogy. November, December. 

lozi'a Journal of History and Politics. 

Journal Illinois State Historical Society. 

Kentucky State Historical Society Register 

Maryland Historical Magazine. December. 

Mayflozver Descendant. April. 

Michigan Historical Magazine. April-July. 

The Missouri Historical Reviezv for October. 



National Genealogical Society Quarterly. 
April, July. 

Xezi'port Historical Society Bulletin. Octo- 
ber, January. 

New England Historical and Genealogical 
Register. January. 

Nervs Letter, N. S. ]\ S. D. of 1812. 

New Jersey Historical Society Proceedings. 

New York Genealogical and Biographical 
Record. October. 

Nezu York Historical Society Quarterly 
Bulletin. January. 

New York State Historical Association. 
Quarterly Journal. October. 

Palimpsest. December. 

South Carolina Historical and Genealogical 
Magazine. April, July, December. 

Spraguc's Journal of Maine History. 

Tyler's Quarterly Historical and Genealogi- 
cal Magazine. October. 

Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. 
April, July. 

IVestern Pennsylvania Historical Magazine. 
October, January. 

JVilliain and Mary College Quarterly His- 
torical Magazine. January. 

The above list comprises 124 books, 30 
pamphlets and 39 periodicals : 106 books were 
presented. IS received in exchange and 3 pur- 
chased ; 26 pamphlets were presented, 1 received 
in exchange and 3 purchased. 

Respectfully submitted. 

(Mrs. Frank D.) Annie E. Ellison, 
Librarian General, N. S. D. A. R. 

Report approved. 

In the absence of Mrs. White, who had been 
called to Missouri by the illness of her sister, 
the report of the Curator General was read by 
the Recording Secretary pro teni. as follows: 

Report of Curator General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management : 

I have the honor to report the following 
accessions to the Museum since the October 
Board Meeting: 

Bohemian glass decanter, presented by Mr. 
M. F. Savage, N. Y. ; Silver spectacles, in 
silver case, powder-horn, and leather bullet bag, 
two brown water bottles, by Mrs. Mattie Wagg 
Emerson, Maine ; stock, worn by George Wash- 
ington, by Mrs. Jane W. Laidley through 
Boudinot Chapter, N. J. ; brass spoon mold, 
rat tail design, iron snuffer, wooden sand 
shaker by Miss Edith Gammans, Mass. ; spode 
plate, by Mrs. W. W. Richardson. Va. ; printed 

circular, sent out by Wm. H. Harrison, dated 
1800, by Mrs. Frank W. Farrar. D. C. ; 3 brass 

buttons worn by Morris, a soldier in the 

Revolutionary War, by Mrs. Elizabeth Lilley, 
D. C. ; silver shoe buckles, by Miss L. M. 
Bemis, Maine : knitted lace cushion cover, 1798, 
by Mrs. M. C. Jameson, De Soto Chap- 
ter, Florida. 

One Royal Worcester Saucer, ii pieces of 
Lowestoft china, presented in memory of Miss 
Mary Virginia Greenway, a former member of 
this Society ; one piece of Continental money, 
dated 1779, by Miss Elizabeth W. Greenway, 

One net baby's cap, hand embroidered, 1 hand- 
embroidered handkerchief, 1 hand-embroidered 
vestee, 1 hand-embroidered sleeve, 1 piece of 
very tine darned embroidery on Brussels-net, 
one-half of a yard insertion, hand-embroidery. 
These articles, Mrs. Guy Warren Cheney, New 
York, gave in memory of her great-grand- 
mother, Alaria Phoenix Godwin, daughter of 
David Godwin and Catherine Waldron. David 
Godwin served through the Revolution. Mrs. 
Cheney also gave a wooden and gold pin and 
earrings, 1 hair chain, 1 hair pin, flower design. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Louise C. White, 
Curator General. 

There being no objections, the report was 

Mrs. Elliott read her report as Corresponding 
Secretary General. 

Report of Corresponding Secretary General 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Alanagement : 

The following is a brief report of the work 
done in the office of the Corresponding Secre- 
tary General since October 1st. 

Eighteen hundred and two letters were 
received, of which 1374 were answered, others 
being turned over to the dift'erent offices to which 
they were intended. 

The number of supplies as issued were : 

Application blanks 32,487 

Leaflets "How to Become a Member". 2,397 

Leaflets of General Information 2,134 

Pamphlets of Necessary Information . . 275 

Transfer Cards 1,943 

Constitutions 1,003 

Respectfully submitted, 

Lily Lyson Elliott, 

Corresponding Secretary General. 

Report approved. 

Mrs. Hanger then read her report as Chair- 
man of Building and Grounds Committee : 



Report of Building and Grounds 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Management: 

As Chairman of Building and Grounds Com- 
mittee, I have the honor to report as follows : 

Our auditorium continues in demand, not 
only on account of its beauty and exquisite 
condition, but on account of its unusual acoustic 
properties. Since my last report the auditorium 
has been or will be used as follows : 

On November 27th, by our D. A. R. National 
Chairman of Patriotic Lectures and Lantern 
Slides for the lecture, " Roinantic History of 
the Pilgrims." Invitations were issued to the 
Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, the Y. M. C. A. and 
the Americanization schools in the District 
of Columbia ; 

On December 21st (the date set aside by 
President Wilson to be observed nationally in 
commemoration of the landing of the Pil- 
grims) the Tercentenarj' was celebrated by 
the District of Columbia Daughters of the 
American Revolution, Monsieur Jusserand and 
Bishop McDowell being the speakers of 
the evening; 

On February 22d, in commemoration of the 
189th anniversary of the birth of George 
Washington, a joint celebration will be held 
by the Sons of the Revolution, Sons of the 
American Revolution and the Daughters of 
the American Revolution ; 

On February 24th our D.A.R. National 
Vice Chairman of Conservation and Thrift 
will have the use of our auditorium for a meet- 
ing to be held under the auspices of the U. S. 
Treasury Savings Department ; 

On February 28th to the alumnse of Dobbs 
Ferry for a concert. 

On March 1st and 2d to the District of 
Columbia D.A.R. for their annual state 

March 11th and 12th the use has been granted 
to the Washington alumnse of Simmons and 
Wellesley Colleges to be used by them jointly. 

Except in cases where the meeting is govern- 
mental or strictly D.A.R.. the regulations 
are complied with governing the loan of 
our auditorium. 

The following gifts have been received : 

" The Tales of Peter Parley " to be placed 
in the bookcase in the Michigan Room. This 
book was presented through the Sophie de 
Marsac Campau Chapter by Mrs. Charles 
Carroll Follmer, of Grand Rapids, Mich., a 
descendant of Noel Lyman, owner of the book. 

A crystal chandelier, the gift of Miss M. A. 
Walter, Bridgeport, Conn., has been accepted 
by the Art Committee, the chandelier to be 
hung in the President General's suite in the 

new Office Building. It is given in memory 
of Rebecca Elizabeth Webb Bassick. 

Through our honorary President General, 
Mrs. George Thacher Guernsey, the Declara- 
tion of Independence presented to the Na- 
tional Society by the Secretary of State has 
not only been framed by Mrs. Guernsey, but a 
mahogany stand to match the frame has been 
ordered by her for the same. When completed, 
this Declaration of Independence will be placed 
in the lobby of Memorial Continental Mall. 
The Art Committee has passed upon the design 
for the stand. 

On November 24th, upon the request of 
the State Regent of the District of Columbia, 
the banner with the insignia (which our Presi- 
dent General carried at the Tercentenary cele- 
bration in Provincetown) was loaned to the 
District of Columbia Daughters, to be car- 
ried in the District of Columbia Tercenten- 
ary parade. 

The steel stack for the Registrar General's 
office has arrived and been placed. 

The following purchases have been made : 

One (1) small card catalogue and box for 
the Organizing Secretary General. 
A multigraph machine. 

Two (2) Underwood typewriters for use in 
the Treasurer General's room. 

One (1) Underwood typewriter for the use 
of the clerk in the certificate division under 
the Recording Secretary General. 

In closing I would like to draw your atten- 
tion to the fact that you have made a good 
purchase in the new multigraph machine. A 
careful record has been kept of the work done 
in the building on this machine, and figures 
prove that the cost to the Society has been at 
least one-half less than outside estimates would 
have been. 

Respectfully submitted, 
(AIrs. G. Wallace W.) Lucy Galt Hanger, 


The adoption of my report as Chairman of 
Building and Grounds Committee was moved 
by Airs. Hanger, seconded by Airs. Phillips, 
and carried. 

The President General stated that Airs. Bissell 
was not able to be present on account of the 
illness of her husband, and Aliss Lincoln would 
therefore combine with her report as Editor 
the report of the Chairman of the Maga- 
zine Committee. 

Report of Editor of Magazine 

Aladam President General and Alembers of the 
National Board of Alanagement : 
Four issues of the magazine have been pub- 
lished since my last report to this Board in 
October, and the Alarch magazine is now on 
the press. In this time we have published 



articles which have been widely and most 
favorably commented upon, notably Mr. Belote's 
account of the Commemorative Medals of the 
World War (December, 1920), Mrs. Richard 
Mansfield's diary during the siege of Urfa 
(November, 1920), Mrs. George Barnett's 
" Commodore Sinclair and the First Nautical 
School" (October, 1920), and "Some Youth- 
ful Memories of an Octogenarian," written 
by the late Mrs. Robley D. Evans, which 
appeared in the January, 1921, magazine, and 
of which we have not a single copy left. The 
October edition is also completely sold out. 

Another edition which is as popular as ever 
is that of September, 1920, containing the 
account of Alemorial Continental Hall and the 
new office building by Mrs. Guernsey. I wish 
to thank our Curator General and her clerk. 
Miss Hall, for interesting the many tourists 
who visit the Museum daily; as a result Aliss 
Hall has sold over 500 September magazines to 
them, besides gaining us numerous subscribers. 

We were so fortunate as to secure for our 
March magazine an article by Lee Phillips 
describing a survey of Alexandria, Va., made 
by George Washington and recently purchased 
by the Library of Congress. It has never been 
reproduced in print before. 

Another article containing hitherto vmpub- 
lished material has been promised us by Charles 
Moore, Chairman of the U. S. Fine Arts Com- 
mission, and Acting Chief of the Manuscript 
Division, Library of Congress. The Library 
has just acquired some newly discovered letters 
of Nellie Custis, daughter of Alartha Wash- 
ington, and Mr. Moore has selected our maga- 
zine for their publication. 

Among the letters which have come to my 
desk in praise of the magazine is the following : 


Office of the Quartermaster General of the 

Army, Washington, 

January 24, 1921. 
Miss Natalie Sumner Lincoln, Editor, 

Daughters of the American Revolution 

Memorial Continental Hall, 

Dear Madam : 

Your Magazine contains many articles of 
great value to the work of any library, and it is 
especially interesting to us on account of the 
articles pertaining to the War Department and 
subjects of a similar nature. We thoroughly 
appreciate it. 
By Order of the Quartermaster General : 

H. F. Keyser, Librarian, 
Q. AI. G. O. Library. 

In the " Historical Outlook," is a column 
conducted by L. F. Stock, of the Carnegie 
Bureau of Historical Research, which lists the 
worth-while historical articles appearing in the 
periodicals of the preceding month. Articles 
printed in our magazine are quoted in this 
column nearly every month. The Historical 
Outlook is conducted for the benefit of thou- 
sands of school teachers. 

Besides these complimentary references to 
the Magazine our articles have been exten- 
sively reprinted in the daily press, and this 
publicity has aided us in our eflforts to ob- 
tain advertisements. 

In the absence of Mrs. Bissell, Chairman of 
the Magazine Committee, who is detained by 
the illness of her husband, I was requested to 
tell you of the check received from our pub- 
lishers for advertising. It came too late to go in 
the report of the Treasurer General. The 
check is in payment for advertising from 
July, 1920, to December, 1920, inclusive, and 
amounts to $2087.50. This raises the sum 
received from advertising since April 1, 1920, 
to December 31, 1920, to $3265. Another check 
will come to us before the Congress for adver- 
tising appearing since the close of 1920. 

During the past year the charges for pub- 
lication have been four times as great as in 
previous years, owing to paper shortage and 
labor difficulties. Now, at last, the cost of 
paper is coming down, and our February bill 
has an allowance for this reduction of $130.50. 
This allowance will be credited to us each 
month as the paper continues to go down 
in price. 

Our sale of single copies of the Magazine 
since October 1st amounts to $99.26. A year 
ago, in the same period of time, our sales 
from them only totalled $44.59. And not only 
has the demand for single copies increased, but 
our subscriptions now total 14,171, as against 
11,713 reported to the Board at the meeting 
last February. Thus we have gained 2478 
subscribers over last year. 

Our increase in subscriptions has trebled 
the business of handling them. It is hard, 
exacting work, for each subscription has to be 
carried through the same channel before it is 
listed in our mailing catalogue. It is most 
important that this work be done methodically 
and with promptness, and much praise is due 
Miss Bright, who handles our subscriptions, 
for her loyal and efficient work. In order to 
succeed, the Magazine must retain the confi- 
dence of our members in its integrity, enter- 
prise, and business efficiency. Mistakes will 
crop up, especially when we are short handed 
and swamped with subscriptions, but these mis- 



takes cannot always be charged to the Alaga- 
zine. For instance, we received a letter 
recently from a member in Michigan, stating 
that 14 subscriptions had been sent in on 
November 9th by the Chapter Magazine Chair- 
man, but up to that date no magazine had been 
received. It happened that no money had been 
enclosed with the names and the Treasurer 
General wrote to the Magazine Chairman. It 
was not until January 29th that the Treasurer 
General got an answer from the Chairman 
enclosing the $14 ; in the meantime the sub- 
scribers were blaming us for the nearly three 
months' delay in receiving their magazines. 

The Treasurer General has told you that we 
have discontinued sending receipts to sub- 
scribers, following the business methods of 
other nationally known magazines. This 
means a saving of much money in postage and 
quickens handling of subscriptions. 

There is another matter which I hope you 
will call to the attention of members and that 
is, that a notice of a change of address must 
reach us at least thirty days before the date 
of the issue with which it is to take eflfect, and 
the old address should always be given with 
the new one. 

We are glad to furnish chapter and state 
chairmen with subscription blanks and cir- 
culars to aid them in soliciting subscriptions. 
The J. B. Lippincott Company have furnished 
us free over 10,000 circulars and blanks to send 
to new members and chairmen. 

We opened the new year auspiciously — by 
beating our January record of a year ago, then 
we received 1254 subscriptions, while this Janu- 
ary we have 1772, and two-thirds of them 
are renewals. 

This steady and continued gain in our sub- 
scriptions is the argument for the Magazine 
which no amount of criticism can weaken. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Natalie S. Linxoln, 

There being no objections, the report was 
accepted. Mrs. Buel, as State Regent of Con- 
necticut, congratulated the State of Pennsyl- 
vania through its representative, the State Vice 
Regent, Mrs. Heron, for having taken the lead 
in Magazine subscriptions and gone ahead of 
Connecticut, the state which had been leading. 

It being twenty-five minutes of one o'clock, 
it was moved and carried that an adjourn- 
ment be had until half -past one o'clock 
for luncheon. 

The afternoon session was called to order 
by the President General at 1.55. 

Miss Grace M. Pierce read her report as 
Chairman of Printing Committee as follows: 

Report of Printing Committee 

Madam President General and Members of the 
National Board of Alanagement : 

Since the October meeting of the National 
Board of Management, the printing of the So- 
ciety has Ijeen readjusted and coordinated so 
as to secure better and more direct service to 
the Society. By and with the cooperation of 
the Business Office, all printing orders must be 
first approved by the Chairman of the Print- 
ing Committee, and then pass through the 
Business Office so that a proper record can 
be made of them. And all applications for 
printing, whether to be done within or with- 
out the building, must be made to the Print- 
ing Committee. 

The purchase of the new printing outfit voted 
by the Board in October, has greatly reduced 
the necessity for outside orders and has re- 
sulted in a saving to the Society on this class 
of work. 

The machine was installed early in Decem- 
ber and since that time the following pieces of 
work have been executed : 

10,000 subscription blanks for the Magazine 
were printed at a cost of $11.75; outside 
printer's price, $31.00; saving to the So- 
ciety, $19.25. 

2000 cards $7.75 

Printer's price 27.50 

Saving 19.75 

1000 cards 7.75 

Printer's price 13.75 

Saving 6.00 

5000 Notices for Treasurer General . . 7.00 
Printer's price 16.00 

Saving 9.00 

Block Certificate circulars 22.41 

Printer's price 32.50 

Saving 10.09 

200 copies President General's letter to 

State Regents 5.25 

Printer's price 16.75 

Saving 1 1 .50 

Circulars for Committee Patriotic Lec- 
tures and Lantern Slides 4.25 

Printer's price 15.25 

■Saving 11.00 

Remittance blanks for Treasurer Gen- 
eral's office 48.00 

Printer's price 68.50 

Saving 20.50 



10,000 report blanks for Treasurer Gen- 
eral's office $56.53 

Printer's price ■. . . 84.50 

Saving 27.97 

Letters for Credential Committee .... 7.16 
Printer's price 32.00 

Saving 24.84 

20,000 Membership application blanks. 347.05 
Printer's price 600.00 

.Saving 252.95 

Making a total saving to date to the Society 
by means of the purchase of the machine in 
October of $412.85. This is more than half the 
cost price of the machine. 

Had this same work been placed with out- 
side printers it would have cost the Society 
$937.75. Our cost, $524.90; our saving, $412.85. 
It will be noted that the saving in some in- 
stances is greater than in others. This is be- 
cause in some kinds of work, as in the applica- 
tion blanks, forms or plates, had to be made for 
that special work. These plates will not have 
to be duplicated so that on the next orders 
there will be a greater saving than on those 
first executed. 

The paper used in all this work has been the 
same quality as we would have received had 
we placed the orders with the city printers. 
We have been able also to buy this paper at 
wholesale rates from the manufacturers, 
and are paying the same prices as the regu- 
lar printers. 

In placing the order for the new issue of 
the Remembrance Book which went to a city 
firm, we were able to save $28.00 over the for- 
mer price, making a total saving to the Society 
of over $440.00 in our routine printing bills 
since the middle of December. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Grace M. Pierce, 


There being no objections, the report was 

Thie drawing of seats for Congress then took 
place, the Recording Secretary pro tern, draw- 
ing for those states not represented. The draw- 
ing resulted as follows : 

1 New Jersey 10 Oregon 

2 Minnesota 11 Alabama 

3 Kansas 12 Connecticut 

4 North Carolina 13 Hawaii 

5 Michigan 14 Oklahoma 

6 Iowa 15 Orient 

7 Illinois 16 Texas 

8 Pennsylvania 17 Colorado 

9 Georgia 18 Tennessee 

19 Nebraska 

20 North Dakota 

21 Massachusetts 

22 California 

23 Ohio 

24 Utah 

25 New York 

26 Virginia 

27 Cuba 

28 Missouri 

29 West Virginia 

30 Kentucky 

31 Florida 

32 Arizona 
a Indiana 

34 Louisiana 

35 Wisconsin 

36 Washington 
i7 Arkansas 

38 South Dakota 

39 Wyoming 

40 Maryland 

41 New Hampshire 

42 Idaho 

43 Vermont 

44 Montana 

45 New Mexico 

46 Mississippi 

47 South Carolina 

48 District of Colum- 


49 Delaware 

50 Maine 

51 Rhode Island 

Mrs. Guernsey appeared at this time to read 
her report as Chairman of Office Building Com- 
mittee, the Board rising to greet her. 

Report of Office Building Committee 

Madam President General and Alembers of the 
National Board of Management : 

The Office Building Committee begs leave to 
report that the " Agreement " or Contract be- 
tween the National Society Daughters of the 
American Revolution and the architects se- 
lected to draw the plans for the office building 
have been signed by the President General for 
the Society and by Messrs. Marsh and Peter 
Architects ; and that work is progressing upon 
the drawing of the plans which will be com- 
pleted and ready for exhibition at the Con- 
gress in April. 

(Mrs. George T.) Sarah E. Guernsey, 


The Agreement is as follows : 

memorandum of an agreement 

Made the fifteenth day of January, 1921, be- 
tween the National Society of the Daughters of 
the American Revolution, hereinafter referred 
to as " Owners," and William J. Marsh and 
Walter G. Peter, associated as Marsh and 
Peter, of Washington, D. C, hereinafter re- 
ferred to as "Architects," WITNESSETH: 

1. The owner proposes to erect on the 
property located in Square 173, bounded by 
17th & 18th. C & D Streets Northwest, in the 
city of Washington, D. C, a two-story and 
basement, fireproof office building, with con- 
nections and minor alterations to the present 
building of the owner immediately adjoining 
on the east, and hereby employs the architects 
for the professional services involved in the 
designing and planning of the building, with 
connections to the present building, for the 
preparation of working drawings and specifica- 
tions to fully represent and describe the build- 



ing, to procure from contractors proposals for 
materials and work necessary to erect and com- 
plete the building, including the approaches and 
regulation of surrounding grounds, to prepare 
contracts and to supervise the erection of the 
building, to audit the accounts of the contrac- 
tors and to certify that payments on account 
of the construction and other work are prop- 
erly due. The services of the architects do not 
include the interior decorations or the selection 
and purchase of furniture, window shades and 
other interior fittings, for which drawings by 
the architects are not required. 

2. The architects will employ and pay for 
the services of consulting engineers in con- 
nection with the foundations, structural work, 
plumbing, ventilating and heating work and 
electric wiring, required for the building. 

3. The drawings prepared by the architects 
will remain in their possession, but they will 
furnish to the contractors six complete sets of 
general drawings and specifications and one 
copy of each scale and detail drawing, and at 
completion they will deliver to the owner a 
full set of drawings and specifications. 

4. In consideration of the proper perfor- 
mance of the above-mentioned services by the 
architects the owner will pay them a fee equal 
to six per cent, on the cost of the construction 
work of the building and connections to the 
present building. 

It is optional with the owner to employ the 
architects in the matter of the permanent im- 
provement of the grounds, the interior decora- 
tions, the selection and purchase of furniture, 
window shades, etc., for which special draw- 
ings are not required, and the fee to the archi- 
tects for such service, if rendered, will be two 
and one-half per cent, of the cost of the respec- 
tive items of work. 

The fees of the architects will be payable 
as follows : 

$2000 when the preliminary drawings are 
approved by the chairman of the Building Com- 
mittee, and the working drawings are begun. 

$6000 when the working drawings and speci- 
fications are completed, proposals obtained, con- 
tracts made and the construction of the build- 
ing begun. 

The remainder of the fee will be due in 
instalments during the progress of the work, 
as the usual services are rendered. 

5. The architects to be entitled to no fur- 
ther remuneration except for serious alter- 
ations and additions to the building, made by 
authority of the owners, and involving serious 
changes in the designs and drawings after they 
have once been completed and approved. 

6. Should the erection of the building be 
postponed, the architects shall be entitled to 
an equitable proportion of the fee, for services 

rendered, based on the cost to the architects 
for drawings and specifications prepared, office 
expenses, etc., the amount to be determined by 
mutual agreement. 

7. Should either of the architects die or be- 
come incapacitated for professional work the 
other shall continue the work to completion, 
and if both should die or become incapacitated, 
their representatives shall deliver to the owner 
all drawings and papers relating to the building 
or work, and receive an equitable proportion 
of the fee. 

8. Signed in duplicate, the day and year first 
above written : 

National Society of the Daughters 

of the American Revolution, 


President General ; 

Architect ; 


Motion adopted at Executive Committee 

January 15, 1921. 

I move that the President General be author- 
ized to sign the "Memorandum of an Agree- 
ment." with qualifying letter dated January 
14. 1921. substituted by the architects this 
day in order that the Building Committee may 
be in a position to submit plans, specifications 
and estimates to Congress. 

Marsh and Peter 


522 Thirteenth St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 


Ofiice Building, National Society, D. A. R. 

January 14, 1921. 
Mrs. George Maynard Minor, 

President General, N. S. D. A. R. 

Continental Hall, Washington. D. C. 

Dear Madam : 

In reference to the agreement with the archi- 
tects, it is quite satisfactory that the clause 
relating to the permanent plans for the sur- 
rounding grounds, and the selection and pur- 
chase of furniture, window shades, etc., be 
made optional with the Society, free to make 
any desired arrangement for these items. 

In reference to the clause covering the 
fee in case of the postponement of the build- 
ing, it is satisfactory to eliminate reference 
to the " Schedule of fees as endorsed by 
the American Institute of Architects " and 
substitute one providing for the reimburse- 
ment of expenses and cost incurred by 
the architects to that stage of the work. 



While it is not possible at this time to state 
the exact cost to the architects, it is estimated 
that such cost will be between four and five 
thousand dollars, and for the convenience of 
the Society we will make it a point to keep 
within $4500. 

We are proceeding with the understanding 
that the general drawings, about twenty sheets, 
are to be exhibited to Congress in April, and 
we will arrange our office work to complete 
the drawings by that time. 

Very truly yours, 

(Signed) W. J. Marsh, 
Marsh and Peter, 

There being no objections, the report was 
accepted. Mrs. Guernsey explained with regard 
to the architectural plans shown to the Board, 
stating that picture drawings would later be 
furnished and careful estimates as to what the 
building would cost, together with a plan for 
financing the proposition. 

The President General requested Mrs. 
Guernsey to remain while the plans which had 
recently come for the fountain at Tilloloy were 
displayed for inspection, together with some 
pictures that had been taken by Mrs. Harris. 

Mrs. Reynolds reported the result of recent 
investigations into the conduct of a school in the 
mountains of North Carolina called Dorothy 
Sharpe School, toward whose maintenance some 
of the chapters had been contributing, although 
as it developed neither the school nor the 
women connected with it were known to the 
North Carolina National or State Officers of 
the D. A. R. Members of the Society were 
urged to send money only to those schools 
which were known and endorsed by the Daugh- 
ters in the vicinity of the school and whose 
needs were brought to them by the Committee 
on Patriotic Education, Mrs. Reynolds moved 
that tile Dorothy Sharpe School be stricken 
from our list of schools. This was seconded 
by Mrs. Sherrerd and carried. 

Mrs. Harris presented the following resolu- 
tion and declaration of principles : 

Resolved, that the National Board of 
Management of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution, recognizing the recreational and 
educational value of the motion picture and 
its power for good or evil, and convinced that 
a low type of motion picture is demoralizing 
in its effect, do hereby endorse and agree to 
foster better films and better film production 
as set forth in the following DECLARATION 

We believe that adequate and righteous state 
censorship free from the influence of the pro- 
ducer or exhibitor, is absolutely essential. 

We believe that films which portray indecent 

acts or suggestions, depict crime or debase the 
home, should not be permitted. 

]]'c believe that sensational and inaccurate 
reproductions of famous books, plays or inci- 
dents in history or the use of a misleading name 
for a motion-picture play to cover a lurid 
drama should not be permitted. 

We believe that a film which ridicules any 
form of religion, or one which portrays dis- 
loyal conspiracy against the government or 
arouses class hatred should not be permitted. 

We believe that a film which shows desecra- 
tion of the Flag of the United States or dis- 
respect for the high office of the President of 
the United States should not be permitted. 

]Ve believe further that the observance of 
the following suggestions concerning the exhi- 
bition of motion pictures will raise the gen- 
eral standard : 

Local legislation prohibiting all-night 
shows ; protests from right-minded per- 
sons against degrading posters at the theatre 
entrance and questionable advertising in 
newspapers, periodicals and through the 
mails ; proper ventilation of exhibition 
halls and theatres ; proper care in handling 
inflammable films ; proper fire protection 
and competent operator who has secured the 
necessary public license and permit ; light 
enough in exhibition halls and theatres to 
reveal the outline of individuals. 

Finally, ive believe, for the future safety of 
the country, that a campaign of constructive 
criticism must be waged by women and women's 
organizations to enforce higher standards for 
motion pictures and the conditions under which 
they are given. 

Seconded by Miss Temple and carried. 
The Treasurer General reported that since the 
last meeting the Society had lost through death 
260 members. The Board rose in silent mem- 
ory of these deceased members. Mrs. Hunter 
reported also that since the last meeting 244 
had resigned from the Society, and 182, who 
had been automatically dropped on July 1, 1920, 
because they had failed to pay their dues, had 
now complied with the requirements of the 
constitution and wished to be reinstated. She 
therefore moved that the 182 members ivho 
ivere automatically dropped July 1, 1920, be 
now reinstated by this Board of Management, 
and that the secretary be instructed to cast the 
ballot for these members. This was seconded 
by Mrs. Ellison and carried. The Recording 
Secretary pro tern, announced the casting of 
the ballot and the President General declared 
these 182 reinstated as members of the Na- 
tional Society. 

The Treasurer General stated that requests 



had been received from chapters who had had 
members dropped for non-payment of dues 
and who had subsequently died, whom the chap- 
ters wished by the payment of the dues to have 
reinstated on the books of the Society, and as 
it did not appear possible to reinstate a deceased 
member, the matter was brought to the Board 
for instruction as to how to reply to these 
requests from chapters. The President General 
ruled that a member ivho has died after she 
has been dropped cannot be reinstated. 

Mrs. Wiles, Chairman of the Committee on 
Legislation in the United States Congress, was 
presented, and reported as follows : 

Report of Chairman of Committee on Legis- 
lation in U. S. Congress 

February 3, 1921, the President General 
appointed me Chairman of the Committee on 
Legislation in the United States Congress. 

Our endorsed bills have practically no chance 
of passing at this session of Congress, except 
the bill for an Archives Building and the 
Sheppard-Towner Bill, which is the so-called 
Maternity Bill, providing for federal aid in 
caring for mothers and children at the time of 
child birth. 

The latter bill has passed the Senate and has 
been favorably reported to the House by the 
Committee of the House. To gain considera- 
tion during this session, the Rules Committee 
of the House of which Mr. Campbell, of 
Kansas, is Chairman, must bring in a special 
rule for consideration of the bill. Any help 
that you can give by letting your congressman 
(or any congressman with whom you have per- 
sonal acquaintance) know that you and the 
Daughters of the American Revolution believe 
in the principles of the bill and wish it to pass, 
may be just the turning point in securing the 
passage of the bill. In any case, any effort 
that you may make in this direction will not 
be lost, because it will surely help in securing 
the passage of the bill in the special session of 
Congress in the early spring. 

I come before you to ask this assistance, and 
also to ask that you endorse the principles of 
the bill now before Congress for placing the 
teaching of household economics on an 
equality with the teaching of agriculture and 
industrialism, in the federal vocational work 
now done by the government. I ask this en- 
dorsement at this time, because our Continental 
Congress has often endorsed vocational train- 
ing and always with household economics in- 
cluded, and this bill is simply an amendment 
to the Smith-Hughes Act, now a law, which 
gives $3,000,000 to promote agricultural educa- 
tion, and the same amount for industrial 
education, but only provides that one-fifth of 

the latter amount may be devoted to the 
teaching of household economics. We ask 
that the appropriation for household eco- 
nomics, agricultural and industrial education 
be equalized. 

This bill will be reintroduced at the earliest 
possible moment in the next Congress, and 
undoubtedly before the next meeting of the 
National D. A. R. Board. We wish to have it 
introduced with the backing of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution, which is only 
possible if the Board gives the principles of 
the bill its endorsement. It is not unreasonable 
to ask this because it is a subject to which full 
and adequate consideration has been given in 
the past by this Society. 

Alice Bradford Wiles, 


Moved by Mrs. Ellison, seconded by Mrs. 
St. Clair, and carried, that the National Board 
of the Daughters of the American Revolution 
endorse the principles of a bill now before Con- 
gress to amend the Smith-Hughes Act by plac- 
ing the teaching of household economics on an 
equality zvith the teaching of agricidture and 
of industrialisni in the aid now given by the 
federal government to the state governments. 

Mrs. Phillips, in compliance with the motion 
adopted in the morning session that she bring 
forward a proposed amendment to meet her 
desires regarding the copying of papers, pre- 
sented the following : 

Your Registrar General in her report this 
morning outlined to you the cost to the Society 
for copying papers of members for which a 
charge has been made of 25 cents and showed 
that the Society copied these papers at a 
loss of 75 cents for each paper copied. If 
the members of the Board feel as I do, that 
this is not good business, you will agree 
that the charge should be increased to $1.00 
for each paper copied. As the By-Laws of 
the Society requires chapters to give trans- 
ferring members a copy of their papers for a 
fee of 25 cents for each Revolutionary ances- 
tor, the National Society cannot make a charge 
of $1.00 and require chapters to give this ser- 
vice for less money ; therefore, in order to give 
the chapters the privilege of making the same 
charge for copying papers that the National 
Board of Management feels the Society must 
have, it becomes necessary to amend that sec- 
tion of the By-Laws referring to the fee chap- 
ters may charge for copying papers. By so 
amending the By-Laws any chapter that did 
not desire to make copies of these papers can 
get the copies made by the National Society at 
the same rate that the chapter is permitted 
to charge. I, therefore, move that the National 



Board of Alanagenient submit the amendment 
to the By-Laws as follows : 

Amend Article IN, Section 9, by strik- 
ing out the words " twenty-five cents "' in 
line 9, and inserting the words " one dollar." 

After some discussion, the motion was sec- 
onded by Mrs. Elliott and carried. 

The President General then read the follow- 
ing proposed amendments to the By-Laws, 
some of which had been found necessary to 
clarify some points not entirely understood 
when trying to work under them, and others 
that were felt to be essential to meet the grow- 
ing needs of the Society : 

Amend Article L Section L by inserting 
the word " treasurer "' after " chapter "' in 
line 15, so that the sentence will read, 
" The application thus approved and accom- 
panied by the initiation fee and annual 
dues shall be sent by the Chapter Treas- 
urer or State Regent, etc." 

Amend Article II, Section 4, by strik- 
ing out " delegates " and inserting " vot- 
ing members." 

Amend Article V. Section 7, by striking 
out the entire section and substituting the 
following : " A member who is in arrears 
for dues shall not be entitled to representa- 
tion at the meetings of the National Society, 
nor shall she be entitled to vote for dele- 
gates or alternates to meetings of the Na- 
tional Society, nor to act as delegate or 
alternate at such meetings, nor to resign 
from membership. If such delinquent, 
after two notices from the Treasurer Gen- 
eral (at least a month apart) have been 
sent her of unpaid dues, does not pay her 
indebtedness within six months after the 
amount is due, she shall automatically be 
dropped from the roll of members. Notice 
of such action shall be sent within ten 
days to the member at large or to the 
Regent of the chapter to which the member 
belonged and reported at the next meeting 
of the National Board of Alanagement. 
If the delinquent is a member of a chapter, 
the notices of unpaid dues may be sent to 
her through the chapter Regent." 

Amend Article V, by inserting a new 
section between Section 8 and Section 9, 
to read as follows : " A member having 
resigned from membership may be rein- 
stated by the National Board of Manage- 
ment to membership at large, upon pay- 
ment of the dues for the current year." 

Amend Article IN, Section 7, by 
inserting the words " or alternate " 
after the word " delegate ' in line 2. 

Further amend Article IN, by inserting 
a new section to be called Section 9, which 
shall read as follows : "The representation 
of any chapter for any meeting of the Na- 
tional Society during that year shall be 
based upon the actual paid-up membership 
as indicated on the books of the Treasurer 
General, February 1st preceding the Con- 
tinental Congress, except that a chapter 
organized after February 1st shall be 
entitled to be represented by its Regent, or, 
in her absence, by its Vice Regent, provided 
it has the required number of members. 

Amend Article N, Section 3, by strik- 
ing out " delegates " and inserting " rep- 

The motions made and seconded by Mrs. 
Hunter, Mrs. Hanger, Mrs. Heron, Mrs. 
Charles W. Barrett, Airs. Buel, Mrs. Nash, Miss 
Temple, Airs. AIoss, Airs. St. Clair, and Mrs. 
Shumway, for the circulating of these proposed 
amendments for action at the 30th Congress, 
were adopted. 

The President General stated that the 
Chaplain General had been obliged to leave, 
but had requested that the suggestion be pre- 
sented from her that instead of the Books of 
Remembrance, which are now sent to each 
National Officer and State and Chapter Regent, 
some 1800 in number twice a year, a Book of 
Remembrance be kept at Alemorial Continental 
Hall, in which all obituary notices shall be 
placed. After some discussion, it was moved 
by Airs. Sherrerd, seconded by Aliss AIcDuffee, 
and carried, that Mrs. Spencer's suggestion he 
presented to Congress. 

The President General presented from the 
National Chairman on Historical and Literary 
Reciprocity a request that a stated sum be 
appropriated for the use of her Committee in 
having the papers copied that are being cir- 
culated. Aloved by Aliss Temple, seconded and 
carried, that the Reciprocity Cliairman be given 
$100 to spend in her ivork during this year. 

Aliss Temple told of the work the Tennessee 
Daughters had undertaken in the effort to erect 
one of the Buildings at Lincoln Alemorial 
University — the quota for the Alemphis Chap- 
ters was $7000, and they were finding great 
difficulty in raising their quota, and as the 
State had never appealed to the Society for 
help for its schools, they hoped they might be 
allowed to ask the State Regents and the 
Chapters for their cooperation in this endeavor. 
One of the activities adopted for the campaign 
was the editing of a D. A. R. number of the 
Commercial Appeal of Alemphis, and they were 
asking subscriptions to that edition at 15 cents 



apiece. Moved by Mrs. Moss, seconded by 
Mrs. Buel, and carried, tliat the National 
Society allow the State Society of Tennessee 
to circularise the State and Chapter Regents 
for edikcational purposes in the interest of 
Lincoln Memorial University. 

A communication from the Western Reserve 
Chapter, of Cleveland. O., was read by the 
President General, in which they requested per- 
mission to incorporate for the purpose of hold- 
ing real estate. Moved by Mrs. Buel, seconded 
by Mrs. Nash and carried, that the Western 
Reserve Chapter of Ohio be allozucd to incor- 
porate for the purpose of holding property. 

Mrs. Phillips here presented her supplemental 
report as follows : 

Supplemental Report of Registrar General 

Supplemental Report of Registrar General. 
Applications presented to the Board, 706, mak- 
ing a total of 2900. Largest number ever ad- 
mitted at one meeting. 

Respectfully submitted, 
(Mrs. James S.) Anna L. C. Phillips, 
Registrar General. 

After the applause which greeted the read- 
ing of the report had subsided, Mrs. Phillips 
moved that the Secretary cast the ballot for the 
706 members admitted on supplemental report. 
This was seconded by Mrs. Hanger and carried. 
The Secretary announced the casting of the 
ballot and the President General declared these 
706 members of the National Society. 

The Treasurer General presented the names 
of two members for reinstatement and moved 
that the two additional members having com- 
plied with the requirements of the Constitution 
be reinstated, and that the Secretary be instruc- 
ted to cast the ballot for these two members. 
Seconded by Mrs. Ellison and carried. The 
Secretary having cast the ballot, the President 
General declared these two former mem- 
bers reinstated. 

Mrs. Hanger read her report as Organizing 
Secretary General, this report having been held 
back all day waiting until the last report of the 
Registrar General had been given to the Board. 

Report of Organizing Secretary General 

Madam President General and Members of the 

National Board of Management : 

I have the honor to report as follows : 

Through their respective State Regents the 

following members-at-large are presented for 

confirmation as Organizing Regents : Mrs. 

Annie Irvine Jones-Williams, Montevallo, Ala. ; 

Mrs. Robert Lee Purse Haile, Gainesville, 

Fla. ; Mrs. Claude Gibson Alford, Sylvester, 

Ga. ; Mrs. Lillian Woods Maury Cranston, 

DuQuoin, 111. ; Mrs. Ola F. Dee, Beverly Hills, 
Chicago, 111. ; Miss Emily Dole Oblinger, 
Mattoon, 111. ; Mrs. Alice Cook Wilhelm, Jones- 
boro. 111. ; Mrs. Hazel Thompson Coats, 
Veedersburg, Ind. ; Mrs. Winnifred Miles 
Carter, Corydon, la. ; Mrs. Kittie M. Jordan, 
Sutherland, la.; Mrs. Anna B. Taft Buck, 
Blackstone, Mass. ; Mrs. Mabel Fisher Alalcolm, 
Haverhill, Mass. ; Mrs. Lillis Egleston Framer, 
McKinley, Minn. ; Mrs. Jennie Dawson Kehoe, 
Scottsbluff, Neb. ; Mrs. Lavonne Cushman 
Gibson, Bayshore, N. Y. ; Airs. Elsie Mooers 
Powell, Devils Lake, N. D. ; Mrs. Alice Hume 
Cooke, Greenfield, O. ; Miss Dene M. Herriff, 
Kent, O. ; Mrs. Katherine Wertz Fleck, 
Tyrone, Pa. ; Mrs. Alary Turner Wilson, Beth- 
lehem, Pa. ; Airs. Cynthia AlcCraw Singletary, 
Lake City, S. C. ; Miss Katherine R. Glass, 
Winchester, Va. ; Airs. Eliza Hart Harvey, 
Hanf ord. Wash. ; Mrs. Elizabeth Rockwood 
Engel, Appleton, Wis. 

The State Regents have requested the author- 
ization of the following chapters : Globe and 
Aliami, Ariz. ; Belvidere, Herrin and Tuscola, 
111.; Deposit, N. Y. 

The following Organizing Regencies have 
expired by time limitation : Airs. Alary Ida 
Sipple Bromley, Sarasota, Fla. ; Airs. Edna 
Ellis Robbins, West Palm Beach, Fla. ; Airs. 
Alinnie Aloore Willson, Kissimmee, Fla. ; Airs. 
Faith Dorsey Yow, Lavonia, Ga. ; Airs. Elethea 
Alay Alorse Adair, Nampa, Idaho ; Airs. Lillian 
E. Loughhead Burch, Rockwell City, la. ; 
Mrs. Sara W. Lee-AIortimer, Boston, Alass. ; 
Airs. Alary Sutton Pierce, Naples, N. Y. ; Airs. 
Lettie G. Brett, Ardmore, Okla. ; Airs. Winnie 
Huntington Quick, Castle, Wash. 

The following reappointments of Organizing 
Regents are requested by their respective 
State Regents : Airs. Lillian E. Loughhead 
Burch, Rockwell City, la.; Airs. Emma Avery 
Hawkins Cook, Spearlish, So. Dak.; Airs. 
Jessamine Bailey Castello, Prescott, Wis. 

The State Regent of Iowa reports the resigna- 
tion of Aliss Elizabeth A. Davis as Organizing 
Regent at Sutherland. la. 

The State Regent of Washington requests 
the location of the chapter to be formed at 
Spokane, be changed from Spokane to Hill- 
yard, Wash. 

I have to report the organization of the fol- 
lowing chapters since the December Board 
meeting: Alme. Adrienne de Lafayette, Vallejo, 
Calif. ; the chapter at Sterling, Colo. ; the chap- 
ter at Champaign, 111. ; Ouibache, Attica, Ind. ; 
Alden Sears, Charles City, la.; Okabena, 
Worthington, Alinn. ; Elizabeth Poe, Flat River, 
AIo. ; Chief Taughannock, Trumansburg, N. Y. ; 
Fayetteville, Fayetteville, N. Y. ; Red River 
Valley, Grand Forks, N. Dak. ; Juliana White, 



Greenfield, O. ; Winema, Corvallis, Ore. ; Nellie 
Easterbrooks West. Warren. R. I.: the chap- 
ter at Mount Vernon. Wash. ; Father Wilbur, 
Sunnyside, Wash. 

Permits for National Officers' insignia, 4; 
permits for Regents and Ex-Regents' pins, 62 ; 
Organizing Regents notified, 28 ; charters issued, 
11; Regents lists issued to National Ol^cers 
and Chairmen of Committees, 16; lists issued, 
paid for, 4. 

The work of my office is in excellent condition 
and the correspondence has been carefully and 
promptly answered. 

Respectfully submitted, 
(Mrs. G. Wallace W.) Llxy Galt Hanger, 
Organizing Secretary General. 

There being no objections, the report was 

The President General referred again to the 
fountain to be erected at Tilloloy and to her 
suggestion that a committee be appointed to 
draw up the wording of a suitable inscription 
to be placed thereon. Moved by Miss McDuffee, 
seconded by Mrs. Chubbuck, and carried, that 
a Committee he appointed by the Chair to frame 
the inscription to be placed on the fountain 
at Tilloloy. 

The President General brought to the Board 
the message contained in a communication 
received from Mrs. Morris, Chairman of Pres- 

ervation of Historic Spots Committee that it 
was important to get as many signatures as 
possible to the petition for the purchase by 
Congress of Yorktown for a National Park. 
No bill has yet been introduced, but it is hoped 
at the beginning of the next Congress such a 
bill will be introduced and the petitions will then 
be ready to send to the proper person. 

It was announced by the President General 
that the Transportation Committee had been able 
to secure from all of the divisions except the 
southeastern division a reduction of fare to the 
Congress amounting to one and one-half, those 
attending the Congress paying full fare to 
Washington, and one-half fare on returning, 
if within the dates set by the railroads. 

The death of Mrs. Samuel W. Jamison, for- 
mer Vice President General, at her home in 
Roanoke, Va., on January 22nd, was reported 
by the President General, and on motion of 
Aliss McDufifee, seconded by Mrs. Buel, it was 
voted that a letter of condolence be sent to the 
relatives of Mrs. Jamison, former Vice Presi- 
dent General. 

The Recording Secretary pro tern, read the 
motions, which were approved as constituting 
the minutes of the meeting, and, on motion duly 
seconded, the Board adjourned at 5.55. 

Lily Tyson Elliott, 
Recording Secretary pro tent. 

Special Meeting, February 26, 1921 

A special meeting of the National Board of 
Management was called to order by the Presi- 
dent General, Mrs. George Maynard Minor, in 
the Board Room of Memorial Continental Hall, 
Saturday, February 26, 1921, at 10.20 a.m. 

The Chaplain General opened the meeting 
with prayer, the members of the Board join- 
ing with her in the Lord's Prayer. 

In the absence of Mrs. Yawger, Mrs. Hanger 
was elected to act as Recording Secretary 
pro tern. 

The following members responded to the roll 
call: Active Officers: Mrs. Minor, Mrs. 
Spencer, Mrs. Hanger, Mrs. Hunter; State 
Regents: Mrs. Buel, Mrs. St. Clair, Mrs. 
Charles W. Barrett, Mrs. Young, Miss Temple, 
Dr. Kate Waller Barrett. 

The President General explained that the 
meeting had been called to fill the vacancy, until 
the next Congress, in the office of the Registrar 
General caused by the death of Mrs. James 
Spilman Phillips, and dwelt on the loss the 
Society and the Board felt in the death of 
Mrs. Phillips, who had been such an enthusi- 
astic and faithful worker. 

Nominations were called for by the Presi- 

dent General. Mrs. Hanger nominated Miss 
Emma T. Strider, saying : " I feel it a rare 
privilege to place in nomination Miss Emma T. 
Strider, of the District of Columbia. I use the 
words rare and privilege advisedly, for I con- 
sider it rare to find a young woman so peculiarly 
qualified to fill such an office ; I consider it a 
privilege to nominate her. Miss Strider has 
lived in the District of Columbia all her life, 
has been closely identified with the Daughters 
of the American Revolution in the District of 
Columbia. She is a young woman who is 
adaptable, who is courteous, who has executive 
ability, is extremely tactful and conservative. 
While not a trained genealogist, she has had 
unusual experience in that work, therefore, it 
is with entire confidence that I place Miss 
Emma T. Strider in nomination to fill the office 
of Registrar General." 

The nomination was seconded by Mrs. Charles 
W. Barrett and Mrs. St. Clair, also by Doctor 
Barrett for the Daughters of Virginia, and 
Airs. Buel. There were no other nominations. 
The President General appointed Mrs. Young 
and Mrs. Charles W. Barrett to act as tellers, 
who reported that ten votes had been cast for 



Miss Strider for Registrar General, whereupon 
the President General declared Aliss Strider 
elected Registrar General. Mrs. Hanger was 
requested to communicate with Miss Strider 
that she might take the oath of office. 

While Mrs. Hanger was out of the room the 
President General reported the loss by death 
of Mrs. Hanger's mother, and that Mrs. White 
had also lost a sister, and on motion of Mrs. 
St. Clair, seconded by Doctor Barrett, it was 
voted that the Corresponding Secretary General 
send a note of sympathy to Mrs. Hanger on the 
death of her mother, and to Mrs. Jl'hite on the 
death of her sister. 

A motion was also adopted that tlic President 
General appoint a committee to present resolu- 
tions of sympathy to Congress on the death of 
Mrs. Phillips ; the committee that had presented 
the resolutions to the Board on the death of 
Mrs. Hume to also present them to the Congress. 
The President General appointed Mrs. Heavner, 
State Regent of West Virginia, Miss Grace M. 

Pierce, the former Registrar General and a 
warm friend of Mrs. Phillips, and Mrs. Elliott, 
Corresponding Secretary General, to serve on 
the committee to present the resolutions on the 
death of Airs. Phillips to Congress. 

Miss Strider having appeared, she was noti- 
fied by the President General of her election 
as Registrar General, the Chaplain General 
administered the oath of office, she was invested 
by the President General with the National 
Officers' ribbon, and then introduced to the 
members of the Board. Aliss Strider expressed 
her appreciation of the honor conferred upon 
her and pledged herself to justify to the best 
of her ability the confidence placed in her. 

The Recording Secretary pro tem. read the 
minutes of the meeting, which were approved, 
and at 10.45, on motion duly seconded, the 
meeting adjourned. 

(AIrs. G. Wallace W.) Lucy Galt Hanger, 

Recording Secretary pro tem. 


The Story of the Liberty Loans. By Labert 
Sinclair, Assistant Director of Publicity, 
War Loan Organization, Treasury Depart- 
ment. The volume contains 186 pages, with 
63 pages of solid color by eminent artists. 
Bound in leather, 9 x 12 in. Distributer, 
Rachel Brill Ezekiel, care Memorial Con- 
tinental Hall, Washington. D. C. $5.75. 

A vivid, yet concise, history of the part played 
by the United States in financing the World 
War against Germany and her allies is found in 
" The Story of the Liberty Loans " by Labert 
Sinclair. The volume, which has been hand- 
somely produced, goes farther than the financial 
side of the great effort made by this country. It 
gives in illustration and in text much informa- 
tion regarding the actual conduct of the war, 
without in any way being an attempt at a mili- 
tary review. 

Mr. Sinclair, who was intimately connected 
with all the Liberty Loan drives, has been in a 
position to gather from the official records of 
the government the story of the war from the 
financial angle. He deals also with the men who 
conceived and carried through the great loans 
in this country. 

From a pictorial point of view, the volume is 
probably as fine as anything that will be pro- 
duced in connection with the war. All of the 
splendid posters used in the loan drives, by 
Montgomery Flagg, Christy, Pennell, Under- 

wood, Leyendecker and many other artists of 
wide fame are shown in colors. In addition 
are many reproductions of photographs taken 
in this country and abroad during the war. 

The Birth of Our Flag and Flag Etiquette. 
By Louis Barcroft Runk. Published by the 
Pennsylvania Society of the Order of the 
Founders and Patriots of America. J. B. 
Lippincott Company, Philadelphia. Paper, 
50 cents; blue cloth, gold stamping, $1.00. 

The story of the development of the " Stars 
and Stripes " into the form that is familiar the 
word over to-day is told interestingly, and with 
great regard for historical accuracy, by Louis 
Barcroft Runk, Alajor, Ordnance Section, 
U.S.R. Originally the story of the flag, as now 
published, was delivered as an address before 
the Pennsylvania Society of the Order of the 
Founders and Patriots. 

The part that the Continental Congress, Gen- 
eral George Washington and others had in the 
final adoption of the flag is well told. 

Flag etiquette is a sealed book to far too many 
Americans. In fact, outside of military and 
naval circles, attention paid to flag etiquette is 
not considerable, though it has been growing 
since the late war with Germany. Alajor 
Runk, without tiresome details, has provided a 
handbook on flag etiquette which should prove 
of interest and benefit to the general public. 





President General 

Mrs. George Maynard Minor, 
Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 

Vice Presidents General 

(Term of office expires 1921) 
Mks. William N. Reynolds, Mrs. Andrew Fuller Fox, 

644 West 5th St., Winston-Salem, N. C. West Point, Miss. 

Mrs. Frank B. Hall, Miss Stella Pickett Hardy, 

27 May St., Worcester, Mass. Batesville, Ark. 

Mrs. Charles H. Aull, Mrs. Benjamin Ladd Purcell, 

1926 South 33d St., Omaha, Neb. 406 Allen Ave., Richmond, Va. 

Mrs. William A. Guthrie, Dupont, Ind. 
(Term of office expires 1922) 
Mrs. William H. Wait, Mrs. William D. Sherrerd, 

1706 Cambridge Road, Ann Arbor, Mich. Highland Ave., Haddonfield, N. J. 

Mrs. Isaac Lee Patterson, Mrs. James Lowry Smith, 

Eola Road, Salem, Ore. Amarillo, Tex. 

Mrs. Frank W. Bahnsen, 

1720 22d St., Rock Island, 111. 

Miss Louise H. Coburn, Skowhegan, Me. 
(Term of office expires 1923) 
Mrs. Cassius C. Cottle, Mrs. Charles S. Whitman, 

1502 Victoria Ave., Los Angeles, Cal. 54 East 83d St., New York, N. Y. 

Mrs. Edward Lansing Harris, Mrs. Henry McCleary, 

6719 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. McCleary, Wash. 

Mrs. James T. Morris, Mrs. Anthony Wayne Cook, 

2101 Blaisdell Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. Cooksburg, Pa. 

Mrs. Edward P. Schoentgen, 407 Glenn Ave., Council Bluffs, la. 
Chaplain General 
Mrs. Selden P. Spencer, 
2123 California St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Recording Secretary General Corresponding Secretary General 

Mrs. John Francis Yawger, Mrs. A. Marshall Elliott, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Organizing Secretary General Registrar General 

Mrs. G. Wallace W. Hanger. Aiiss Emma T. Strider, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Treasurer General Historian General 

Mrs. Livingston L. Hunter, Miss Jenn Winslow Coltrane, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Reporter General to the Smithsonian Institution 

Miss Lillian M. Wilson, 
Memorial Continental Hall. 
Librarian General Curator General 

Mrs. Frank D. Ellison, Mrs. George W. White. 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 











394 N. 3rd St., Phoenix. 


2005 Scott St., Little Rock. 

817 yv. 5th Ave., Pine Bldff. 



269 Mather St., Oakland. 

1240 W. 29th St., Los Angeles. 



Alta Vista Hotel, Colorado Springs. 

803 Spence St., Boulder. 







1515 Franklin St., Wilmington. 




1319 T St., N. W., Washington. 

119 5th St., N. E., Washington. 



217 14th St., Miami. 

233 W. Duval St., Jacksonville. 



305 14th Ave., Cordele. 



P. 0. Box 248, Honolulu. 



Box 324, Gooding. 

421 2xD Ave., E. Twin Falls. 



Grand View Ave., Peoria. 




1224 N. Jefferson St., Huntington. 

611 N. College Ave., Bloomington. 



804 6th St., Sheldon. 

State Centre. 



316 Willow St., Ottawa. 

750 S. JuDsoN St., Fort Scott. 



539 Garrard St., Covington. 



310 Fannin St., Shreveport. 






2224 N. Calvert St., Baltimore. 

2004 Maryland Ave., Baltimore. 



25 Bellevue Ave., Melrose. 

Pixehurst, Concord. 



1012 W. Main St., Kalam.^zoo. 

143 Lafayette Ave., N. E., Grand Rapids. 



1906 Kenwood Parkway, Minneapolis. 
2103 E. 1st St., Duluth. 





850 N. Jefferson St., Jackson. 


0(117 Enright Ave., St. Louis. 

4556 Walnut St., Kansas City. 



420 South Idaho St., Dillon. 

814 S. Central Ave., Bozeman. 


935 D St., Lincoln. 
North Platte. 







448 Ridge St., Newark. 

1308 Watchuno Ave., Plainfield- 









8 Lafayette St., Albany. 
269 Henry St., Brooklyn. 




Elm City. 



Valley City. 



Church and King Sts., Xenia. 

431 North Detroit St., Kenton. 




1421 S. Boulder Ave., Tulsa. 



8 St. Helen's Court, Portland. 

807 S. Ferry St., Albany. 



State College. 

Hadston, Linden Ave., Pittsburgh. 




4 Summit St., Pawtucket. 






1100 Walnut St., Yankton. 

113 8th Ave., S. E., Aberdeen. 



316 W. Cumberland St., Knoxville. 



1313 Castle Court Blvd. 





36 H St., Salt Lake City. 

720 E. South Temple St., Salt Lake City. 




302 Pleasant St., Bennington. 



915 Orchakd Hill, Roanoke. 



1019 7th Ave., Spokane. 

Commerce Bldg., Everett. 





100 12th St., Wheeling. 



4001 Highland Park, Milwaukee. 
330 S. 6th St., La Crosse. 






Shanghai, China. 

Manila, Philippine Islands. 




Honorary Presidents General 


Honorary President Presiding 

Honorary Chaplain General 

Honorary Vice Presidents General 




J. E. Caldwell sc Co. 

Official Jewelers 
AND Stationers 


Since Its Foundation. 
Insignia C ata l o g u e 
Forwarded Upon Request 


When writing advertisers please mention Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine. 




VOL. LV, No. 5 

MAY, 1921 

WHOLE No. 345 




CLARION call to devotion to 
patriotic ideals ; conservation 
and preservation of the Ameri- 
can home in its highest sense 
and to engage in the struggle 
against the growth of propa- 
ganda and activities of hyphenates fea- 
tured the opening address of Mrs. 
George Alaynard Minor, President Gen- 
eral, at the Thirtieth Continental Con- 
gress of the Society from April 18 to 
23, 1921. A large number of delegates 
greeted the " Assembly " of the Marine 
Corps bugler at half-past ten o'clock 
Monday morning, and there were pres- 
ent, besides many alternates, chapter 
Regents, ten National Officers ; seven- 
teen Vice-Presidents General and 
thirty-seven State Regents. 

The invocation was ofifered by Mrs. 
Selden P. Spencer, Chaplain General, 
followed by the recital of the " Ameri- 
can's Creed," by its author. ]\Ir. 
William Tyler Page, and the Salute 
to the Flag by the whole assem- 
blage, led by Miss Annie Wallace. 

After the singing of " America the 
Beautiful," Mrs. Minor made her in- 
spiring address which follows in full : 

Alembers of the Thirtieth Continental Congress : 
There is a certain solemnity in facing an au- 
dience of Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion. One sees not only the visible audience. 
One sees the generations of American lineage 
back of it. One seems to be facing America 
itself — our America, as the generations back of 
us have moulded it. It is difficult to describe 
just what I mean. You of unbroken descent 
from the forefathers of the Revolution and 
the forefathers back of them — you stand for 
America ; you are the embodiment of America's 
past, you and your children are the hope of 
America's future. 

Here in this memorial hall, dedicated to 
patriot ancestors, it is for us collectively and 
individually to dedicate ourselves anew to the 
service of " Home and Country." We are the 
elected representatives of a society of over 
116,000 living, active American women pledged 
to the perpetuation of American ideals of gov- 
ernment, American ideals of social life, Ameri- 
can ideals of religious faith and religious free- 
dom. We are not here primarily to electioneer 
for candidates, to " see Washington," to attend 
social functions ; we are here primarily to conse- 
crate this Society to a more vital patriotism. 
We come here as to a sanctuary, for service of 
country is the service also of God. 

These are solemn thoughts, but they befit such 




a gathering. A deeper meaning underlies our 
Society than mere pride of ancestry. It is quite 
true — and I am going to repeat what I have said 
in other messages — it is quite true that an honest 
pride in one's ancestors is justifiable, for where 
there is no pride in ancestors there is but little 
to be proud of in the descendants. But this 
pride in our ancestors is only a hollow boast if 
we do not make ourselves worthy of them. Our 
Society is a powerful means to this end. It is an 
instrument of service. It gives us the oppor- 
tunity to justify our pride of ancestry by doing 
service that is worthy of it. Our ancestors estab- 
lished those principles of freedom and justice 
which underly our national life and government. 

It is for us to keep our national life and 
government true to these principles, else we 
are false to our heritage. A country can be 
no better than the people who make it. We 
know what kind of a country our ancestors made 
for us. What kind of a country are we making 
to-day for our descendants? If our ancestors 
could look down through the generations — and 
perhaps they may — what would they see? They 
would see much to be proud of, much to ex- 
cite alarm. Looking beneath the surface of 
material progress and development they would 
see whether or not the core of our national 
life is still sound. Have we still that faith in 
the divine guidance which brought the May- 
flozver across the Atlantic? Are the funda- 
mental virtues of honesty and justice the main- 
spring of our business and politics? Along with 
the boasted education of mind and hand, do we 
build up character in our children? 

Are we teaching industry and thrift and the 
dignity of labor — the labor that does honest 
work for honest pay and is not ashamed of it? 

Washington asks in his " Farewell Address" : 
" Can it be that Providence has not connected the 
felicity of a Nation with its virtue? " 

He further pointed out that " It will be 
worthy of a free, enlightened and at no distant 
period, a great nation, to give to mankind the 
magnanimous and too novel example of a People 
always guided by an exalted justice and benevo- 
lence." Washington had vision and an abiding 
faith in America. But he realized that to fulfil his 
vision of " a great nation " the people as well as 
the leaders must have character founded upon 
"justice and benevolence" or good-will. The 
nation must have virtue if it is to enjoy perma- 
nent happiness and prosperity. 

Nobility of character is as essential in a 
nation as in an individual. Upon us lies the 
responsibility of building up this character in 
our people, of fostering the virtues of the past, 
the solid, sturdy qualities that built up the 
nation and which alone can preserve it. 

Truth, honesty, integrity, modesty, justice, 
thrift, industry, honor, religious faith, a real- 

ization of spiritual values — all these are what 
our country most needs to-day. These essential 
qualities of national character are what our 
ancestors would look for. Without them our 
educational work for immigrant or native will 
amount to nothing. With them our problems 
are solved. Where they exist, no radicalism can 
flourish, no degeneracy, or immorality, or license. 

To perpetuate them is, I repeat, one of our 
gravest responsibilities as a Society. Let this 
thought be continually with us in our delibera- 
tions, the thought that we are among the char- 
acter-builders of the nation. 

But we cannot build up character in others 
unless we have it ourselves. We cannot build 
up character in the nation without individual 
character as the foundation stones. Our coun- 
try can be no better than its individuals, and 
we are each one of us the individuals. Let us 
look well, therefore, to ourselves. We are each 
one of us the guardians of our country's honor. 
We are living too selfishly. We are living with- 
out any thought that what we do affects in any 
way the state or nation, when we are really 
the guardians of the nation. Thousands of our 
ancestors gave themselves to their country with 
but little if any reward. This was an unselfish 
service to the state. This is the Pilgrim year 
when Pilgrim ideals and character and devotion 
to the public good are having a renewed in- 
fluence, and with their influence must be linked 
that of the other pioneers and colonists who 
founded this nation. 

This revival of their memory comes none too 
soon. In the whirlpool left by the World War 
the nation has been sinking back into the selfish- 
ness, the irresponsibility and the pursuit of pleas- 
ure from which that great call to exalted service 
had awakened it. America is forgetting the 
issues of the war, the struggle of right against 
might, of good against evil. America is forget- 
ting the horror of what Germany did to the 
world, the suffering and misery she has caused, 
the wickedness she has let loose. It is weak to 
harbor mere grudges, but it is weaker to yield 
to sentimental leniency and forget the righteous 
wrath that should blaze forth against the mur- 
der and perfidy and bestial greed practiced 
by Germany. 

We are forgetting that she not only struck 
down innocent nations in her greed for world 
power, but she it was who let loose Bolshevism 
in Russia with all its horror. Upon Germany 
lies the guilt of the world's misery to-day and 
she has not had the suffering that she has in- 
flicted upon the other nations. Nor has she 
repented of the wrong. America must not be 
allowed to forget. That we should have been 
forgetting is perhaps only to be expected for a 
while after the tense strain was over, but beware 
lest it last too long. The crisis of world storms 



is by no means past, and we must cast our anchor 
to windward. The memory of Pilgrim and 
Puritan and what they stood for will help to 
steady us to-day and keep us true to what we 
fought for on the battlefields of France. Let us 
open our minds and hearts to the influence 
of their character and ideals, their clear dis- 
tinctions between good and evil. Let us 
realize that their austerities, their forbidding 
gloom, their supposed intolerance were all the 
products of their times. Hitherto the unlovable 
in them has been unduly emphasized and made the 
subject for jests; the human in them has been 
lost sight of ; " blue laws," many of which never 
existed, have made them the butt of idle mock- 
ery. But now their dignity of soul, their nobility 
of character, their clear vision of truth have 
burst once more upon the world. Like a prodigal 
son this world is turning once more to the 
fathers. It is learning to appreciate the mothers. 
As a Society, let us honor them, let us seek to 
understand them; let us follow them in their 
hardships and sacrifices, their joys and sorrows. 
From them and others like them the nation 
has sprung, and we cannot forget them without 
losing some of the most priceless possessions 
of our heritage. Among these the most precious 
is their keen sense of righteousness. Let us not 
forget that God's righteousness rules in the 
world, and the nation that violates this law seals 
its own destruction. America cannot compro- 
mise with the sin of Hun or Bolshevist. Our 
Society can do good service in character-building 
if it continues to honor the Pilgrims and teach 
to young and old the value of what they have 
bequeathed to us. If the character of our peo- 
ple remains what Pilgrim, Cavalier and Patriot 
have made it, placing right above might, honor 
above expediency and self-interest, honesty above 
greed, truth above intrigue and lying deceit, and 
the love of God above all else, no evil can pre- 
vail against this nation. 

Before us is the awful example of a nation 
whose ideals have been materialistic, grasping 
for world dominion, without faith or honor, or 
the light of spiritual things. This nation 
is Germany. 

Before us is likewise the awful example of 
a nation too childlike and undeveloped to have 
much character at all, too simple-minded to 
withstand the hideous lure of communism. This 
nation is Russia. For Russia there is a great 
hope, when her soul awakes. For Germany 
there is none so long as deceit and faithlessness 
to solemn promises and lack of spiritual vision 
are the characteristics of her people. 

Look well, therefore, to the character of this 
nation. Build it up and guard it well as its most 
precious treasure. 

For this the education of mind and hand is 

not enough. The education of the soul must 
be our care also. 

Is the rising generation growing up with soul 
— with spiritual and not material ideals ? This is 
woman's chief responsibility. I am not among 
those who denounce the young people of to-day, 
but I look upon much that they do with grave 
concern. Biting criticism of tendencies that may 
well cause alarm will accomplish nothing. You 
can lead but you cannot drive with a sledge- 
hammer. The soul is there even in the most 
thoughtless of them, ready to respond to the 
right appeal, to constructive ideals, to sympa- 
thetic leadership. But the ideals of hard honest 
work, pure patriotism and religion will never 
be their guides if these ideals are not to be 
found in our homes and our schools. 

For the lax tendencies among many of them 
the overindulgence of parents is quite as much 
to blame as the young people themselves. The 
slackening in our moral fibre everywhere has had 
its natural effect on the younger generation to an 
extent which endangers the nation's future. 

There is a widespread revolt, for instance, 
against hard work, whether of the hands or the 
brain. The pernicious idea that work is degrad- 
ing is permeating all classes and ages. Too 
many believe that the world owes them a living — 
that the state owes them a living. This tend- 
ency will bring its own punishment in God's own 
time. The nation that will not work cannot live. 
Not until Adam was driven out of Eden to earn 
his living by the sweat of his brow and the 
work of his brain did mankind begin his ascent. 

Teach the dignity of labor of all kinds. He 
who serves is greater than kings on their 
thrones, no matter what the service, if it be 
of benefit to one's fellow-man. 

I believe this is one of the elements most 
needed to-day in the character of the nation — 
the sense of the dignity of labor. Let us learn 
to take pride in doing our best, not in getting 
by with the least expenditure of effort. Work 
and pray. This is the divine command. Bring 
work and prayer back into our daily lives ; so 
shall the nation live and not perish. 

The closet of prayer is not sought often 
enough and Bibles are too dusty nowadays. This 
wealth of literature, of spiritual aspiration, of 
exalted thought is a closed book to too many 
of this generation, whose family Bibles are no 
longer even an ornament on its tables. 

How will the character of this nation stand 
the strain of the fearful conflict that may still 
be ahead of us, if this well-spring of spiritual 
strength is sealed up? Religion, which is the 
love of God in one's heart and the service of 
God in one's life, is too often confounded with 
cant, or with the theological doctrines of a 
divided sectarianism. 

A man has been elected President who is not 



ashamed to pray. The nation needs more men 
like him — and women, too. Let us remember that 
the days whose chief literature was the Bible 
of the Pilgrims produced a nation mighty to 
serve and save. 

Daughters of the Southland, look well to your 
American mountaineers, where the Bible is not 
forgotten. But how many of them cannot read 
that or any other book? From the Anglo-Saxon 
of your mountains comes the American stock 
that will replenish the ranks of Americans. 

Daughters of the North and West, look well 
to your immigrants. Like little children they 
must be taught the ideals of the forefathers and 
foremothers of this country and be given an 
insight into what America means. 

Education and character — these two things 
belong to us to give our country. Do you realize 
that this nation stands ninth among the nations 
of the world in the scale of education. " with 
most of the civilized world ahead of us? " This 
is the startling statement in the official report 
of the House Committee on Education. The 
nation, the state and the local community all 
three together, must unite in an effort to remove 
this crying shame, and give our people in all our 
states an equal opportunity to learn. 

Is it not probable that the appalling illiteracy 
in this country is one of the chief reasons why 
radical agitation has gained such headway? 
Radical propaganda feeds on ignorance, and it 
finds millions of illiterates to feed upon. Cer- 
tainly this nation-wide illiteracy, taken in con- 
nection with the flourishing spread of revolu- 
tionary propaganda has its deep significance 
for us all. 

In the critical times we are going through our 
Society can render signal service to our country 
by paying attention to our schools, improving our 
educational systems, being watchful of how our 
children are taught and what they are taught. 
They are in danger of the poison of radical 
and disloyal thought which is creeping into our 
educational institutions. To offset it we must 
everywhere teach to young and old the principles 
of sanity and common sense. Radicalism flour- 
ishes in a world full of the misery, discontent and 
unrest left by the war. It appears in many 
forms and under many harmless guises. Under 
the varied names of sociological studies or social 
reforms, or civil service study clubs, the most 
revolutionary forms of socialism are gaining 
a foothold in our schools, colleges and even 
churches, corrupting with their fallacies the 
impressionable minds of our youth and appeal- 
ing to a certain kind of sentimentalism in edu- 
cators and clergymen. 

Sinn Fein agitation has appealed more dar- 
ingly than ever before to the passions that lead 

to war, preaching a world-wide, wicked race 
vendetta against Great Britain. 

Unbridled passions, class hatreds, race hatreds, 
wild excesses of horror and terrorism, slaughter, 
misery and famine have run rampant, and have 
had their evil effects even in our own sane 
and prosperous covmtry. 

Pro-German propaganda is once more raising 
its head and shooting forth its evil tongue. 

All last winter we were afflicted by an orgy of 
fanatical and disloyal agitation of every kind 
sweeping through the country, holding huge 
mass meetings, loud-mouthed and aggressive. I 
say disloyal advisedly, for it is disloyal to 
America to seek to precipitate wars with our 
friends and to give sympathy and encouragement 
to our enemies. 

It is time for sane, loyal Americans to awake 
and handle these happenings without gloves. We 
are too prone as a nation to go quietly about our 
business, heedless of danger until the last minute, 
when curative measures may be too late. No 
doubt this agitation will burn itself out, but it 
may burn something more valuable in the process 
before the world comes back to its senses, for 
there is nothing more inflammable than human 
passion working in masses. 

This science of propaganda has been so thor- 
oughly mastered that it now works with the 
deadly effectiveness of a poison gas. It manipu- 
lates minds and emotions. It glides like a snake 
in the grass and strikes when we see it not. 
It has recently dared to come out in the open, 
shocking us into sudden realization of what is 
going on amongst us. 

To be specific for the sake of illustration, on 
February 20th the American Legion sent out to 
its posts throughout the country a bulletin warn- 
ing them to watch for an organized and power- 
ful nation-wide revival of German propaganda 
designed to break up our friendship with Eng- 
land and France. " One of the first national 
manifestations of this activity," the bulletin 
states, " will probably take the form of a series 
of mass meetings throughout the country, osten- 
sibly in protest against the occupation of the 
Rhine by French negro troops from Africa." 
The bulletin goes on in greater detail, but the 
main point was that lies about these negro troops 
and the so-called " Rhine Horror " were to be 
used to stir up discord between America and 
France just as the Sinn Fein are trying to stir 
up discord between America and England, and 
that in this way American sentiment was to 
be turned against the Allies, and a powerfu? 
national political machine was to be created by 
the drawing together of the disloyal elements 
in our population. Sure enough, on February 
28th, one of these mass meetings took place in 
Madison Square Garden. New York, when 
twelve thousand German and Sinn Fein sympa- 



thizers hailed the proposed union of Germans 
and Irish against what they called the " phantom 
of Anglo-Saxonism," and the ostensible purpose 
of the meeting was protest about French black 
troops on the Rhine. 

Their real purpose was to excite hatred of 
France and England. They booed and hissed 
the President of the United States, and the chair- 
man of the meeting called the Secretary of State 
a liar. This outrageous demonstration was sig- 
nificantly timed to fall in exactly with the attempt 
of the German envoys in London to evade Ger- 
many's sworn obligations under the Peace Treaty. 
It took place, although we were still at war with 
Germany. It was an enemy demonstration under 
cover of a false Americanism waving American 
flags. It proved the truth of the American 
Legion's warning that disloyal elements are at 
work in our midst, striving to drive a wedge 
between ourselves and England and France. 

Then came America's answer, quick and sharp 
and stern. On March 18th 25,000 American 
patriots filled the Garden and overflowed into 
Madison Square. The American Legion sounded 
the bugle call and they came, Americans all, 
Americans by birth, Americans by adoption in 
whom was the soul and spirit of America, men 
and women of all ranks and classes and profes- 
sions, soldiers and sailors of the Legion, crip- 
pled World War veterans, and Gold Star 
mothers who were received by the great throng 
with a deep reverent hush as they marched in 
and took their seats. And then General Pershing 
and Martin Littleton and Senator Willis and 
Colonel Galbraith and manj^ others delivered 
their ringing messages, voicing America's out- 
raged feelings, denouncing the base falsehoods 
of the " Rhine Horror " meeting, telling the 
Allies of America's friendship and America's 
loyalty and faith. It was a veritable uprising of 
the nation's soul. It expressed itself in these 
words of General Pershing's : " Are we to for- 
get the vows of yesterday? Is the wanton 
destruction in France and Belgium and on the 
seas to be condoned? Shall subtle propaganda 
again lift its poisoned head to weaken our 
friendship? Are those who made the supreme 
sacrifice no longer to be heard amongst us? 
The answer is that the principles for which 
America and the Allies fought are immutable, 
and the Allies beside whom we fought shall 
remain our friends." That was America's an- 
swer. To hear America aroused to such an 
answer was worth all the shame and outrage 
of the German- Sinn Fein meeting. Then came 
the impromptu march up Fifth Avenue of the 
singing crowds, the halt at Forty-second Street 
and the strains of " The Star-Spangled Banner " 
ringing from two thousand throats of the young- 
World War veterans, while men stood uncovered 

and the flags of the color guard snapped in the 
breeze above them. 

That was America's answer. It always will 
be America's answer when hyphenates who love 
Berlin or Dublin better than America go too 
far in their attempt to use this country for their 
own ends. 

And now our Government has answered. It 
has given Germany to understand that we hold 
her criminally responsible for the war, and 
that we stand by our Allies in their demand 
for just reparation to the utmost of her ability 
to pay. 

Nevertheless, it is well not to forget that these 
disloyal elements were and are joining forces 
in the hope of stirring up that ill feeling and 
misunderstanding which leads to discord and 
disunion, and discord means disaster for the 
cause of law and order in the world. 

Do not forget that the Allied flags still stand 
for civilization, for freedom, for liberty under 
the law, for honor and good faith among nations. 
The Allied flags have had to advance once more 
against a nation which knows neither honor nor 
truth nor faith. From under the very shelter 
of our flag these disloyal propagandists hurl 
vile slanders at the nations whose sons and ours 
died together that freedom might live. They 
insult our intelligence. They are an affront 
to our most sacred feelings. They abuse the 
right of free speech and free assembly which our 
flag accords to the meanest citizen. They would 
be beneath notice were it not for the race 
hatreds they so wickedly excite among the un- 
thinking multitude who are easily deceived. 

They deceive many who should know better, 
for traces of their false charges and insinuations 
are to be found everywhere among our people. 

The German-Sinn Fein-Socialist combination 
in this country will have to be met fairly and 
squarely by all loyal Americans and overcome 
once for all, if we are ever to find peace from 
turmoil and unrest. 

This combination does not find sympathy with 
the better element among Irishmen. It as grossly 
misrepresents these Irishmen as it misrepresents 
America itself. 

It arouses their indignant protests. To such 
we say, America understands. The combina- 
tion is simply a part of the world revolution 
scheme that is seeking the destruction of all 
that is. These forces of destruction of which 
Moscow is the storm center, are precipitating an 
irrepressible conflict. The Red conspiracy 
against the world is being exposed in all its 
ramifications, and we find this German-Sinn 
Fein-Socialist combination among them. They 
are all apparently linked up together, and they 
mean, if they can, to conquer the world. By 
whatever name they are called, they are all 
part of an evil force that is working to destroy 



our civilization and our free institutions as they 
have grown up through the centuries, and to 
replace them with the barbaric rule of armed 
minorities working their will by terror, murder 
and wholesale carnage. This is the irrepressible 
conflict we are facing to-day. 

In this crisis our own path of duty and 
opportunity as a Society is very clear and 
straight. It is our duty to offset this propa- 
ganda by spreading the knowledge and under- 
standing of American principles throughout the 
length and breadth of the land. Don't take for 
granted that they are everywhere understood, 
for they are not. Don't take it for granted 
that they are everywhere loved, for the Bolshe- 
vist and his kind hold them in bitter hatred. 
Our country is calling us to the colors as 
truly as it did in 1917. In every chapter 
we will answer the call and preach the gospel 
of Americanism. 

We are well fitted to do this. We are a 
national organization, national in the scope of 
our work, national in our power and influence 
for good. Our national character has brought 
us the recognition of our government and the 
appreciation and respect of the public. It is 
our national work that has made our Society 
great and influential ; it is this which makes 
us an asset to our Government and to America. 

Our chapters are increasing, and should keep 
on increasing, throughout the country. They 
are not independent clubs. They are our 
National Society itself simply working in groups. 
They are our valuable working units. Each 
chapter has a great task before it to help coun- 
teract the mad spirit of destruction that is 
surging through the world. 

There are many ways of doing this. Chief 
among them is the building up of national char- 
acter and the promotion of a right education. 
We rriust teach the plain truths of history and 
develop an enlightened public opinion based on 
the sound foundation of Christian character. 

History will expose the falseness of German- 
Sinn Fein and Socialist propaganda. 

Christian character will not tolerate insane 
hatreds, race prejudices, faithlessness to obli- 
gations and the spirit of mad destruction that 
threatens to engulf the world. 

The continual teaching of the principles of the 
American Constitution, founded as they are on 
elemental right and justice, will go far toward 
steadying the unrest of to-day. 

This is a specific work which every chapter 
in our Society ought to undertake. Each one 
must stand out openly for pure Americanism 
without hyphenated mixtures. 

Teach history, but do not stop at American 
history. Teach English history from which it 
sprang. This Pilgrim year gives ample oppor- 
tunity. Show how the principles of liberty and 

representative self-government that we enjoy to- 
day are the gift to the world of the Anglo-Saxon 
race. "Anglo-Saxonism " is something more 
than a " phantom." Other races have given 
their gifts, but the Anglo-Saxon has given us 
human liberty. Let us both study and teach the 
facts in the development of free government. 
Study the great struggle for political and relig- 
ious liberty throughout all the centuries of 
English history until it culminates in our free 
institutions under the American Constitution. 
Government by the free votes of freemen is the 
Anglo-Saxon idea that Britain has stood for 
ever since England was England. She guarded 
it and kept it alive through tyranny after 
tyranny. She planted its seeds in America, where 
the English colonists from Maine to Georgia 
established it and fought for it. Her history and 
ours are one. Her literature is ours ; her law is 
ours ; her language is ours. The black wicked- 
ness of those who try to provoke war between 
ourselves and England should find its sharp 
rebuke from every Daughter of the American 
Revolution. We turn with horror from a 
thought so terrible, so inconceivable. Were such 
a thing possible — and it never will be possible — 
the end of liberty and civilization would be upon 
us. England and America must stand together 
if freedom is to live. 

If you love your country, therefore, and its 
liberty, do everything within your power to re- 
buke the mad talk of the propagandist, no matter 
what his hyphen may be. 

Moreover, England's domestic concerns are not 
for us to meddle with. It is high time we said 
" hands off " to some of our irresponsible orators 
and self-appointed " unofficial committees." 

The peace of a hundred years between Eng- 
land and ourselves must not be broken by such 
people. And similarly with France, ravaged, 
devastated, outraged by the Hun, let her know 
that America's friendship is unshaken. Let us 
take every opportunity to prove to England and 
France and Belgium that the real America does 
not forget the sorrow, the suffering, the sacrifices. 

How else could we fulfil Washington's vision 
of a " People always guided by an exalted jus- 
tice and benevolence ? " 

It may be said that friendship between friends 
does not need to be stated. There are times when 
nations, like individuals, like to be told of one's 
friendship. Now is one of the times, and you 
can go forth and tell of it. The Allied cause 
is ours still unless our soul has turned traitor. 

It is a blessed thing to be alive in these turbu- 
lent times and able to do our part in bringing 
the world back to happiness and peace. 

The deepest meaning of life is service. The 
deepest meaning of our Society is patriotic ser- 
vice — service of " Home and Country." This 
does not mean the trivialites of outward show — 



the waving of flags, the giving of social functions 
with patriotic favors. It means keeping the 
nation true to itself and its ideals. It means 
keeping the nation in tune with the spirit of 
Washington and Lincoln, and this can only be 
done if the character of the people is in tune 
with theirs. 

Guard the home and the schools in which 
character grows. Keep alive the deep, abiding 
love of country which counts no sacrifice too 
great. This is your peculiar mission because 
of your heritage. Do not let other duties crowd 
it out. Do not let other societies absorb all your 
time and attention. Other societies come and go, 
but the National Society Daughters of American 
Revoution must carry on through the generations. 

Upon us lies the uttermost obligation. We 
are among the character-builders of the nation. 
We are responsible for the making of loyal and 
intelligent citizens. We must be loyal and 
intelligent citizens ourselves now that we have 
the supreme responsibility of the vote. We 
must give of ourselves to both state and nation 
that they may be better for our having lived. 

Like the Pilgrim mothers to whom we are 
erecting a memorial fountain, we must be filled 
with the same spirit of service, the same high 
faith, the same all-absorbing devotion to 
an ideal. 

They themselves were the fountain head of 
our national life, they and all other pioneer 
women whose sacrifices established and built up 
this nation. " In the name of God, Amen," they 
lived their daily lives and helped found 
this nation. 

It is for us to keep this fountain pure and 
undefiled from generation to generation, doing 
all things like the Pilgrims " in the name of 
God, Amen." 

In compliment to the President Gen- 
eral, the audience joined in singing- the 
Connecticut State Song at the conchi- 
sion of her address. 

Mrs. George Thacher Guernsey, 
Honorary President General, then gave 
a greeting which humorously referred 
to her present freedom of responsibility 
from high office. She pledged loyalty 
to Mrs. Minor's administration and 
predicted that it wotild prove most 
successful. Mrs. Minor then presented 
Mrs. WiUiam Gumming Story, Hon- 
orary President General, to the Con- 
gress. Mrs. Story responded briefly. 

It was announced at this juncture 

that Mrs. Harriet Taylor Upton, chair- 
man of the Republican Woman's Com- 
mittee, was unavoidably detained out 
of town and could not make the speech 
scheduled on the program. 

A picturesque figure at the opening 
session was Mrs. Mary S. Lockwood, 
of Washington, the beloved " Little 
Mother " of the Society, now in her 
ninetieth year, who sat surrounded by 
friends on the platform. 

In her report, Mrs. Livingston L. 
Hunter, chairman of the Credentials 
Committee, stated that 2555 delegates 
were eligible to attend from the chap- 
ters of the country. New York had the 
largest delegation, with Pennsylvania 
and Massachusetts close behind. 

Mrs. Henry B. Joy, chairman of the 
Resolutions Committee, then announced 
the standing rules for the Congress, 
under which the legislation would pro- 
ceed. The personnel of the Resolu- 
tions Committee was as follows : 

Airs. Henry B. Joy, chairman, Michigan ; Mrs. 
Cassius C. Cottle, California; Mrs. H. Eugene 
Chubback, Illinois; Mrs. Frank D. Ellison, 
Massachusetts; Mrs. Harold R. Howell, Iowa; 
Mrs. Edward L. Harris, Ohio ; Mrs. John Trigg 
Moss, Missouri; Miss Alice Louise McDuff'ee, 
Michigan ; Mrs. Robert J. Johnston, Iowa ; Mrs. 
Samuel E. Perkins, Indiana; Mrs. James Lorry 
Smith, Texas; Mrs. William N. Reynolds, 
North Carolina ; Mrs. Andrew Fuller Fox, Mis- 
sissippi ; Mrs. George T. Smallwood, District of 
Columbia; Mrs. Howard L. Hodgkins, District 
of Columbia, and Mrs. Frank W. Bahnsen, Iowa. 

The afternoon session on Monday 
was devoted to the reports of the Na- 
tional Officers, led by that of the 
President General, who reported be- 
sides as the Chairman of the National 
Board of Management. 

In her report Mrs. Minor said that 
she took great pleasure in presenting 
her first accounting to the Society. 
She eulogized two members of the Na- 
tional Board who died during the 



year : Mrs. John P. Hume, Vice-Presi- 
dent General from Wisconsin, and 
Mrs. James Spilman Phillips, the 
Registrar General. 

The National Board of Management 
has held five regular meetings and two 
special ones, she reported, and nine 
executive committee meetings as well. 
Mrs. Minor has travelled thousands of 
miles in the interests of the Society, 
visiting many state conferences and 
chapter meetings. In addition she 
acted as D.A.R. representative at the 
Pilgrim Tercentenary exercises in Ply- 
mouth ; the laying of the cornerstone 
of the Roosevelt Memorial in New 
York City, and the inauguration cere- 
monies of President Harding. 

Three national undertakings, the 
Manual for Immigrants, the Pilgrim 
Mothers' Memorial Fountain at Ply- 
mouth, and the gift to the French gov- 
ernment of a war painting, have been 
undertaken. Mrs. Minor reported on 
the progress of installing the water 
system at Tilloloy, France, a work be- 
gun in the administration of the previ- 
ous President General, Mrs. George 
Thacher Guernsey. It will be ready 
for dedication next spring. 

The President General expressed 
great gratification that only $1600 re- 
mained to be paid on the debt incurred 
by the Society several years ago in its 
pledge to buy $100,000 worth of Liberty 
Bonds as a patriotic investment, and 
said that the states are working hard to 
complete their quotas to this fund. She 
asked that all the chapters forward the 
Magazine by obtaining subscriptions 
as a work of Americanization. The 
rest of the report dealt with the finan- 
cial affairs of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution, and the increas- 
ing desire of American women to join it. 

The progress of the Society was set 

forth in the reports of the Recording 
Secretary General, Mrs. John Francis 
Yawger ; the Corresponding Secretary 
General, Mrs. Marshall Elliott, and the 
Organizing Secretary General, Mrs. G. 
Wallace W. Hanger. 

In the report of the Registrar Gen- 
eral, Miss Emma T. Strider, she paid 
tribute to the splendid work in that 
ofiice of the late Mrs. James Phillips, 
of West Virginia, who died in office. 
During the year ending April, 1921, 
Miss Strider reported 11,216 members 
were admitted to membership, the 
largest in a single year in the history 
of the Society. Among these were 
Mrs. W^arren G. Harding, wife of the 
President of the United States; 1766 
supplemental papers Avere verified in 
the year, making a total of 12,982, 1934 
of which have added new Revolution- 
ary service recc^rds to the files. 

Permits were issued for 2981 insignias, 
1099 ancestral bars, and 2653 recognition 
pins; 118 original and 384 supplemental 
papers were returned unverified. 

The Treasurer General. Mrs. Living- 
ston L. Hunter, gave an itemized re- 
port of the receipts and expenditures 
of the Society which was distributed 
to the delegates in printed form. The 
total receipts for the year from all 
sources amounted to $171,818.18, while 
the disbursements were $169,426.07; 
$74,822.26 was devoted to Patriotic 
Education, while $12,357.06 has been 
raised to finance the publication of the 
Immigrants Manual. The total mem- 
bership is 119,111, including the 2990 
members admitted at the National 
Board meeting on Saturday, April 16th. 

The Historian General, Miss Jenn 
Winslow Coltrane, in her most inter- 
esting report stated that a great wave 
of added interest in history had swept 
over the country. She said that the 



mission of the historian was not alone 
to record the past, but to mould the 
future. Many of the states have al- 
ready sent in their complete World 
War records, handsomely bound, for 
the Society's archives. 

Other reports included that of the 
Librarian General, Mrs. Frank D. Elli- 
son, who reported accessions of 700 
volumes to the library, two steel 
stacks presented by the Mary Wash- 
ington Chapter of the District of 
Columbia, and the presentation of 
many papers and records. Mrs. Elli- 
son asked for a renewed appropriation 
of $200 with which to purchase 
special books. 

Mrs. G. W. White, Curator General, 
expressed the gratitude of the Society 
to the French Ambassador, M. Jusser- 
and, for gifts presented by him from 
his Government. Two hundred and 
fifty gifts of Revolutionary relics have 
been received for the museum collec- 
tion in the past year. The Reporter 
General, Miss Lillian M. Wilson, gave 
an account of preparing the special re- 
port filed yearly with the Smithson- 
ian Institution. 

A concert by the United States 
Marine Band orchestra preceded the 
formal opening exercises Monday 
night. Members of the Diplomatic 
Corps and the Cabinet were seated 
upon the platform. The auditorium 
was filled to its utmost capacity and 
the galleries crowded with alternates 
and notable visitors. A musical fea- 
ture of the evening was the wonderful 
singing of Mrs. Tryphosa Bates-Bach- 
eller, who sang selections from grand 
opera most efifectively, and when en- 
thusiastically encored gave " The Last 
Rose of Summer." 

The Congress was formally opened 
by Honorable Calvin Coolidge, Vice- 

President of the United States, who 
brought the greetings and cordial good 
wishes of President Harding to the 
delegates. The Vice-President spoke 
eloquently on the lessons of the Battle 
of Lexington and drew a vivid picture 
of Paul Revere's historic ride one hun- 
dred and forty-six years ago. The 
Massachusetts delegation cheered at 
intervals throughout his speech, rising 
several times to honor him. 

For the first time in the history of 
the organization a British ambassador 
spoke from its platform to the Con- 
gress. Sir Auckland Geddes, the am- 
bassador to the United States, said : 

It is difficult to find words to acknowledge my 
gratitude for this opportunity. The Daughters 
of the American Revolution are the trustees to 
keep safe the traditions of the Republic. From 
such a society kind words have special value 
to any representative of Great Britain. 

It is not an easy task to make wedges ineffec- 
tive that others are trying to drive between the 
Allies. The minds of people are not quite 
normal after the war, especially of the countries 
engaged therein. Everywhere in the world are 
men who did not like the result of the war, and 
who are working to loosen the joints between the 
nations that fought together on the side of 
righteousness and won. The subtle poison to 
separate these nations is the most dangerous 
propaganda afoot. I see it working in America 
as elsewhere. The only way to defeat it is to 
give up talking about who did the most to win the 
war, and to say that by loyal cooperation we 
are going to get over the greatest economic 
crisis. I wish the press of all countries could 
stop such reference. They do great harm in this 
way. The propagandists are working to suggest 
vvrong motives to other nations. And, alas, it 
is so easy under suggestion to believe that the 
other man is not playing quite fair. I have been 
in touch with the leaders of the Allies and have 
been struck with their earnest desire to maintain 
loyal cooperation and good fellowship between 
the nations. 

There are other than political agencies trying 
to separate the Allies. Great business enterprises 
of international character are also working to- 
ward this same end and spend large sums to 
create international friction. 

Those forms of propaganda are working 
to separate America from her Allies and 
Great Britain from France and Italy. They want 



us to be at loggerheads with each other. 
The Daughters of the American Revolution 

can provide a sane, steadying influence to say 

" No" to such suggestions of duplicity. 

The nations who fought together in the war 

fought to repel the most serious attack on demo- 
cratic rule in 

history. The ■ 

Armistice d i d 

not end the 

struggle for De- 
mocracy and 

Liberty. It was 

only the weapons 

were changed, 
and that struggle 

is still going on, 

and its weapons 

are those very 

forms of propa- 
ganda. We can- 
not afford sepa- 
ration between 
the nations now 
any more than 
we could do so 
during the war. 
There is no 
question that can 
arise between 
our nations that 
cannot be settled 
by sensible men 
sitting around a 
table to talk 
them over. But 
the public of the 
countries must 
realize this, and 
the reflection of 
nervousness i n 
the press is do- 
ing harm and it 
injects more 

I believe the 
Daughters of the 
American Revo- 
lution can do 
more to establish 
peace among the 
nations than any 
other organization in the world. Leadership 
towards world peace lies in the hands of 
America. The opportunity is there. Every 
nation w-ould welcome the seizure by Amer- 
ica of that leadership. 

The French Ambassador, M. Jules Jus- 

serand, complimented the work of the 

National Society and called it the head- 

Copyright, Uncler« 

d & Underwood. 



quarters of conservation of national tradi- 
tions. He expressed France's gratitude 
for help for war orphans. 

" We need children more than gold or 
reparations," said the Ambassador, " and 

you saved 
young France 
for us." 

The Am- 
bassador pre- 
sented two 
Sevres vases 
in behalf of 
h i s govern- 
ment and a 
copy of Hou- 
don's bust of 
He stated his 
belief that the 
Allies could 
not have won 
the war with- 
out each other. 
He suggested 
an addition to 
the Litany, 
" From any 
kind of prop- 
aganda. Good 
Lord, deliver 

The Am- 
bassador told 
of the selec- 
t i o n of the 
French sculp- 
tor, Houdon, 
to make the famous bust of Washington 
for the State of Virginia. 

He called American friendship one 
of the glories of France. " France loves 
and admires you," he added ; " when 
you look at the bust — remember grate- 
ful France." 

(The account of the iveek of Congress to he concluded.) 


By Augusta Huiell Seaman 
Author of "The Girl Next Door," " The Sapphire Signet," etc. 

O dwell in the city of Savannah 
is to exist amidst a cloud of 
historic witnesses. The cas- 
ual visitor does not wholly 
realize this. As a rule, he is 
impressed with the fact that he 
is in a stirring, up-to-date city — one of 
the " livest wires " in the South, as it 
justly claims to be — a city of charming 
parks, creditable skyscrapers, efficient 
trolley service, multitudinous banks, 
swarming automobiles, and of a clean- 
liness almost unthinkable to the dweller 
in average Northern towns. 

Some few obvi- 
ous shrines sacred 
to history he does 
indeed have forced 
upon his attention 
— the Oglethorpe 
Statue, Telfair 
Academy, the Jas- 
per Monument, the 
Greene Monument 
— and these chiefly 
because they are 
located in the main 
thoroughfares o f 
automobile traffic. 
He is conscious, 
too, perchance, of 
fleeting glimpses of 
stately old South- 
ern mansions, not 
always in the best 


of repair, facing the little park squares 
around which his automobile has to turn 
with irritating frequency. And then no 
doubt he settles down with a sigh of thank- 
fulness for a straight roadway and one of 
admiration for the blaringly handsome 
new villas flanking Estill Avenue ! 

But to one whose lot is cast in the 
city for a few months and whose in- 
terest happens to turn in that direction, 
the atmosphere is thick with ghosts of 
the historic past. Savannah is small in 
extent — at least to one accustomed to 
the endless vistas of New York blocks 
— but from literally 
I almost every street 
corner, history 
beckons and bids us 
look, for here slept 
or dwelt or visited 
or died some idol of 
America's past. 

It was our for- 
tune to find an abid- 
ing-place on Ogle- 
t h o r p e Avenue, 
probably the most 
delightful street in 
the city — a wide 
boulevard with a 
handsome parkway 
running through its 
center, and lined 
with well-estab- 
lished old houses, 



not one of which looked more re- 
cent than the Civil War period. A 
slight investigation of our surroinid- 

LACHLAN Macintosh house, president Washington's 


ings almost took our breath away, so 
overpowering were their associations 
with the makings of American history. 
The very street itself is notable as 
being for many years the extreme 
southern boundary of the city. A trav- 
eller (Francis Moore) who visited the 
city in 1736 notes that " the south side 
of South Broad Street (the original 
name of Oglethorpe Avenue) was the 
boundary. On trees at intervals along 
this boundary line, planks, one side 
painted white, the other red, were nailed 
to show people they could not go over 
that mark to cut wood, as it belonged 
to the Indians." In what other colony 

were the rights of the Red Men pro- 
tected by so naive and unmistakable 
an advertisement ! 

Directly next door to us is a big, un- 
assuming, three-story brick house, re- 
lieved only by an ornamental iron bal- 
cony across the front on the second 
floor. One would scarcely suspect it of 
being notable, yet around no other 
Savannah residence is there such a halo 
of historic memories. To begin with, 
it is the oldest brick house in the city. 
And in a generation of clapboarded, 
wooden dwellings it must in its day 
have been a noticeable feature. Ac- 
cording to earliest records, it was a 
public house, but its interest begins 
when it became the dwelling of Gen- 
eral Lachlan Macintosh, a fiery-spirited 
Revolutionary patriot. 

Colonel Macintosh, afterward made 
general, commanded the first battalion 
of Georgia's state troops, but his pep- 
pery temper and his unsparing Scotch 
tongue brought him into serious diffi- 
culty right in the midst of the Revolu- 
tionary struggle. His rival for the 
military position was one Button Gwin- 
nett, he of the curious name but im- 


mortal glory as a Signer of the Dec- 
laration of Independence for Georgia. 
Macintosh was successful in obtaining 



this post, but Gwinnett was later to 
have his revenge, when he succeeded 
Archibald Bulloch as president of the 
Executive Council. Here, 
being- in a position to make 
things uncomfortable for his 
former rival, Gwinnett pro- 
ceeded to do so with what 
would seem almost childish 

But Macintosh's o p p o r - 
tunit}' was again to roll around 
on the wheel of fate. Gwin- 
nett was defeated in his can- 
didacy for governor of the 
state in May, 1777, by John 
Adam Treutlen. And Mac- 
intosh could neither resist his hoisk >a 
imbounded elation, nor could he, 
unfortunately, hold his tongue on the sub- 
ject. Giving rein to that unruly mem- 
ber, he frankly expressed his delight 
at Gwinnett's defeat and, going a step 
further, openly denounced him as a 

only one honorably possible in those 
days — a challenge to mortal combat. 
It was the first of any importance, but 


scoundrel before the whole Executive 
Council. We can scarcely blame 
Gwinnett for his retort, which was the 


not, alas ! the only one, on the soil 
of Georgia. 

In the gray dawn of the next day they 
met on the outskirts of Savannah, and, 
at a distance of only twelve feet, ex- 
changed the shots that were to wound 
both but be fatal to one. Lachlan Mac- 
intosh recovered, but Gwinnett suc- 
cumbed twelve days later — the first 
and most illustrious of Georgia's vic- 
tims to the Code Duello. But the 
trouble did not end here, for excitement 
over the atTair waxed very high. The 
Macintosh and Gwinnett factions were 
so opposed that the state was almost 
torn in two and at a time when the 
British were threatening invasion and 
her forces should have been intact. 
Two members of Congress and good 
friends of Macintosh finally had him 
removed to a Northern command and 
the storm blew over. 

The change appears to have wrought 
him only good as it gave him oppor- 
tunity to become acquainted with Gen- 
eral Washington and rise to esteem under 



the great commander-in-chief's per- 
sonal supervision. Two years later, 
Macintosh returned to participate in 
the siege of Savannah, finding little ani- 
mosity remaining toward him in his 
home town. When the war was over, 
he reestablished himself in the roomy 
house on Oglethorpe Avenue which, it 
is conjectured, he had purchased from 
its public-house owner, Eppinger. The 
date of this purchase is uncertain, but 
it was probably before the first event 
which gives the house its historic asso- 
ciation — the meeting in its " Long 
Room " of the first State Legislature, 
called by Governor Martin three weeks 
after the end of the war. At the pres- 
ent time the house is a private resi- 
dence, and that memorable " Long 
Room " has been cut up into many 
bedrooms to accommodate a large 
family. It is to be hoped that some 
day the public spirit of Savannah will 
rescue it from its domestic oblivion and 
restore it to its heritage of the 
famous past. 

But it was in 1791 that the house was 
to receive its last and greatest distinc- 
tion when it became the headquarters 
of President George Washington dur- 
ing his stay in Savannah on his tour of 
the South. This distinction has also 
been claimed for a house that once 
stood at the corner of State and Bar- 
nard Streets — a house that has long 
since disappeared. But even though 
the latter may have been his official 
headquarters, it is altogether likely 
that he spent most of his time at the 
home of his warm friend and com- 
patriot. General Lachlan Macintosh, 
then first president of Georgia's So- 
ciety of the Cincinnati. At any rate, 
the Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution have seen fit to decide the ques- 
tion thus, and have gone to the expense 

of decorating the house with a bronze 
tablet to that efitect. 

Washington's own impressions of 
that visit, gleaned from his personal 
diary, are curious and interesting. He 
travelled in great state, with an almost 
regal retinue, as befitted the greatest 
as well as the wealthiest man of his 
time in this country. For, in spite of 
his attitude toward monarchical tyranny, 
he was a thoroughgoing patrician. 
Also, he had an appreciative eye for the 
fair sex and a very downright tongue. 

We can easily imagine the furbush- 
ing undergone by the whole city of 
Savannah, not to speak of the home 
of General Lachlan Macintosh, in 
honor of his four days' stay. On his 
way from South Carolina he made a 
call at Mulberry Grove Plantation 
(about fourteen miles from the city) 
on Mrs. Greene, the widow of his former 
comrade-in-arms, General Nathanael 
Greene and (as he says in his dairy) 
" asked her how she did." He then 
remarks that he was received in the 
city " with every demonstration of joy 
and respect," and further, jots down 
succinctly, " Illums. at night." In this 
day and generation of over-developed 
" illuminations," we cannot but wonder 
of what that particular night's demon- 
stration consisted and incidentally, 
how it would compare with present- 
day Broughton Street, with its chain of 
department shops, movie shows and 
ten-cent stores, on any ordinary night 
of the week ! 

The next evening he went through the 
fatiguing operation of being presented 
to " nearly one hundred ladies, all very 
well dressed and handsome " (he 
notes). This must have been "ladies' 
night " in Savannah, for the remainder 
of his stay was devoted to dining with 
the Cincinnati, inspecting the city, 



" dining with about two hundred citi- 
zens," and so forth. He also speaks of 
a " tolerable good " display of fireworks 
on his last evening. 

Sitting on our tiny iron balcony, we 
frequently gaze over toward that more 
pretentious gallery next door and try 
to picture the Father of His Country 
pacing gravely back and forth there 
during the few leisure hours he may 
have had, or strolling critically about 
the garden which doubtless occupied 
the ground where our own abode now 
stands. That he was not over im- 
pressed with Savannah is patent from 
his own remarks. " Savannah is on 
high ground for this country (he 
writes). It is extremely sandy wch 
makes walking very disagreeable ; & 
the houses uncomfortable in warm and 
windy weather, as they are filled with 
dust whenever these happen." 

Savannah houses are still filled with 
dust on warm and windy days, though 
every street is faultlessly asphalted and 
paved and kept as faultlessly clean. 
But the walking is anything but " dis- 
agreeable," and we find ourselves wish- 
ing that our immortal First President 
could revisit the scene to-day and be 
bowled about its charming streets and 
parkways in a high-powered touring- 
car. An excerpt from his diary after 
this event would doubtless make 
interesting reading! 

But the Macintosh house is by no 
means the only residence of note in the 
immediate vicinity. Directly around 
the corner and up one block on Aber- 
corn Street stands a delightful mansion 
of the true, aristocratic, Southern type. 
It faces Oglethorpe Square and has the 
distinction of having sheltered Lafa- 
yette during a brief visit to the city in 
his tour of the United States in 1825. 
With rather a shock, we learn that the 

residence was not at that time the 
abode of some leading Southern family 
but a boarding-house (of the highest 
type, to be sure) owned and managed 
by a Mrs. Maxwell. Here lodged not 
only Lafayette, but the governor of 
the state (Governor Troup) during the 
momentous occasion. 

Tours of this character by public 
celebrities, then as now, must have been 
fatiguing afifairs. We wonder when 
the honored victims ever found a mo- 
ment in which to rest and " call their 
souls their own ! " Lafayette only re- 
mained in Savannah two or three days, 
yet in that short period, in addition to 
parades, banquets, military receptions 
and a Masonic dinner, he found time to 
lay the cornerstones (with, of course, 
long and appropriate ceremonies!) of 
two of the city's most beautiful monu- 
ments — one to Nathanael Greene in 
Johnson Square and one to Count Pu- 
laski in Monterey Square. Such an orgy 
of public functions would have ex- 
hausted a man of thirty. Yet Lafa- 
yette at the time was nearly eighty and, 
as far as we can learn, thoroughly en- 
joyed it all. 

The house which sheltered him 
stands to-day practically the same in 
appearance as it was then, with the ex- 
ception that it is now a private resi- 
dence. We have occasion to pass it 
many times during the week. And we 
never do so without speculating on how 
many minutes of repose that aged and 
honored guest of France managed to 
snatch, in the charming south room 
over the veranda, which history de- 
clares was his ! 

But to return to Oglethorpe Avenue, 
which is rich in historic associations. 
Three blocks farther west we come 
upon a quaint little frame house which 
has none of the distinction of beauty, 



but possesses the wonderful tradition 
of having sheltered both John Wesley 
and Bishop Whitefield during the stay 


of these two world-famous and saintly 
characters in Savannah. The city may 
truly be designated as the " Cradle of 
Methodism," for it was here, in 1736, 
as Wesley himself says in his diary, 
" the movement had its second rise, 
when t\\enty or thirty persons met at 
my house." The first was at Oxford, 
in 1729, when four people, John and 
Charles Wesley, George Whitefield 
and Benjamin Ingham, met and conse- 
crated themselves to a more rigid ob- 
servance of devotional duties. Singu- 
larly enough, all four of them visited 
Savannah, three in a ministerial capacity. 
Charles Wesley came as private sec- 
retary to Oglethorpe but failed to pre- 
serve wholly amicable relations with 
the general and left for England after 
a stay of but six months. John Wesley 
remained a year and nine months, a dis- 
illusionizing and troubled period for 
the great founder of Methodism. He 
came with the special intention of being 
missionary to the Indians and, shortly 
after his arrival, accepted the position 
of rector of Christ Church. But his 
career in Georgia was a stormy one and 

hampered by many unfortunate con- 
tingencies. To begin with, he could 
not seem to acquire the Indian lan- 
guage. Added to that, he must have 
suffered excruciating agonies of ill- 
health. From his diary we learn of 
" shocking headaches," " intermittent 
fever," " St. Anthony's fire," " violent 
and protracted nausea," " dysentery, 
boils and cholick." We can only mar- 
\el that he survived the comljination 
at all ! 

And finally, alack ! he became in- 
\ olved, through his ministerial duties, 
with a designing woman, not ]>y any 
fault of his own, but because he saw fit 
to reprove her for what he deemed un- 


seemly conduct. And in order to avoid 
the unpleasant publicity of a law-suit 
with her irate husband, he was advised 



to flee secretly from the colony. Which 
he did, " between two suns " (as he 
writes), accompanied in his ignomini- 
ous flight by a defaulting barber, a 
wife-beater, and a bankrupt constable. 
For over a day the ill-assorted quartet 
wandered about, lost in a marsh, sub- 
sisting frugally on a single piece of 
gingerbread ! At length they managed 
to reach Beaufort and finally got to 
Charleston, from whence Wesley speed- 
ily set sail for England. 

Poor \\'esley ! — disappointed, unhappy, 
ill, forced to flee the city like a criminal 
which he distinctly was not — how. in 
after years of prosperous ministry and 
world-wide leadership, was he wont to 
look back upon that ill-advised season 
spent in Savannah! Yet Savannah is 
generously forgetful of his faults 
(which were only those of undue 
severity of code) and justly proud of 
being the scene of his earliest efiforts. 
She has placed a bronze tablet to his 
memory on the beautiful new Post 
Ofiice, the site of the old Courthouse 
in which he preached, and another on 
Christ Church, of which he was the sec- 

There is no positive proof that W' es- 
ley resided in the little frame house on 
Oglethorpe Avenue, yet it can scarcely 

H(U. ^h \\ HI Kl I HAfKI.R \^ 

\^ in i\ 1^ 

ond rector. And to-day Methodism may 
well claim the city both as one 
of its original and present strongholds. 

J A vS P E R M (J \ LM E N T 

be doubted that he must at least have 
visited there, perhaps in his ministerial 
capacity, as it is one of the few origi- 
nal wooden houses of the original set- 
tlement, dating its building back to 
1734. And, moreover, it has remained 
to this day the property of the descend- 
ants of the original OAvner. Because, 
during our stay in the city, it hap- 
pened to be advertised for rent, we took 
the opportunity to go through it. And 
while the present incumbent confiden- 
tially poured into our ear a tale of woe 
concerning the leaks in the plumbing 
and the condition of the wall-paper 
(which certainly was appalling) our 
thoughts were all upon the curious old 
fireplaces and the quaint and steeply- 
winding staircase that doubtless once 
had known the tread of historic feet. 
Bishop Whitefield, Wesley's great suc- 
cessor, is also associated with the 



house. And later, in 1802, Aaron Burr, 
in his capacity as Vice-President of the 
United States, it is likewise claimed, 
made the little dwelling (then the home 
of his niece, Mrs. MontmoUin) his head- 
quarters during a visit to the city. 

Oglethorpe Avenue has had numer- 
ous presidential visitors. In the sub- 
stantial Gordon mansion on the corner 
of Bull Street, President Taft was en- 
tertained during an official visit in 1909. 
And diagonally across the street, in the 
manse of the dignified Independent 
Presbyterian Church, President Wilson 
was married to his first wife, a 
Savannah lady. 

But the avenue's chief link with the 
historic past is the quaint old Colonial 
Cemetery, now used as a park, which 
is directly at our corner, Abercorn 
Street. To come upon this little gem 
of the long ago, right in the center of a 
busy city, is enough to make the heart 
of an antiquarian leap wnth joy ! If 
ever historic ghosts walk, surely here 
must be their favorite promenade ! We 
enter it through the beautiful gateway 
erected by the Southern Daughters of 
the American Revolution, feeling sud- 
denly very far removed from the 
twentieth century — and the trolley 
clanging not fifteen feet away. 

First, and most noted of all, is the 
Graham vault, where lay forgotten for 
one hundred and fourteen years the 
body of Nathanael Greene, greatest 
general of the Revolution — after Wash- 
ington. At the close of the war, Greene 
had been awarded for his services 
" Mulberry Grove," the plantation con- 
fiscated from the former royal Lieu- 
tenant Governor Graham. Here at 
Mulberry Grove, Greene lived till his 
sudden death in 1786, when he was in- 
terred in the Graham vault in Colonial 
Cemetery. Years later, when both his 

native state, Rhode Island, and also 
Georgia awoke to the realization that 
their distinguished hero should be 
honored by a more fitting place of in- 
terment, lo ! his remains were no longer 
to be found. The Graham vault did 
not contain them and the conclusion 
was immediately jumped to that they 
had been removed by vandals and 
buried in some unknown spot. 

For years the search for them con- 
tinued. Lafayette had in 1825 laid the 
cornerstone of the monument under 
which, apparently, Greene was not to 
lie. And as late as 1900 no trace of his 
body had ever been discovered. Then, 
in 1901, in opening what was supposed 
to be quite another vault, the remains 
of both Greene and his son, George 
A\'ashington Greene, were found, just 
where they had lain all the time, in the 
Graham vault ! The explanation of the 
tangle seems to be that the identity of 
the vaults had been confused and the 
records lost during the Civil AVar, when 
vandals had erased and tampered with 
the markings. Greene was reburied 
with honors, under his monument in 
Johnson Square. And the Graham 
vault, so long his peaceful and unknown 
resting-place, is also decorated with a 
bronze memorial tablet. 

Here, too, we find the vault of James 
Habersham, one of the original found- 
ers of the colony, friend and counsellor 
of Oglethorpe, Wesley and Whitefield. 
Here also the grave of Lachlan Mac- 
intosh. The curious tombstone mark- 
ing the vault of the Bulloch family, an- 
cestors of the late Theodore Roosevelt, 
is noteworthy — a marble pedestal sur- 
mounted by an urn, and on each side of 
the pedestal a serpent coiled in the 
shape of a ring. This pedestal is un- 
marked by any inscription, and until 
recently its identity was a mystery. 



Archibald Bulloch was first president 
of the Executive Council of Georgia 
during the stormy Revolutionary days. 

Other notable names there are, a list 
too numerous to be detailed. But be- 
side these, the humbler gravestones are 
quaint and entertaining — one in par- 
ticular, to a certain undoubtedly godly 
wife and mother, declaring " she had 
many virtues, few faults and no crimes! " 

Although a public park, the atmos- 
phere of this charming spot has been 
delightfully preserved. A few walks 
wind among the vaults and slabs, 
benches are located here and there 
under the ancient trees, a high brick 
wall that once surrounded it has been 
removed, and, at the southern, unoccu- 
pied end a wide lawn and children's 
playground has been established. All 
else is as it was in 1853 when the last 
interment was made. Even the clang 
of the trolley and the honk of the motor 
come to us but faintly among these 
graves of the long ago. And when we 
enter its borders the curtain is drawn for 
a little space over the clatter and hurry and 
confusion of the twentieth century. 

But the Fifth Avenue of Savannah is 
Bull Street, dividing the city into an 
even east and west, and punctuated at 
a distance of every two or three blocks 
by a gem-like little park. Here, too, 
we encounter a series of historic re- 
minders ; and if we commence our 
promenade at the southern end, we re- 
serve the most interesting as a climax 
at its northern extremity. The thor- 
oughfare is named after William Bull, 
of Charleston, who, with Oglethorpe, 
planned the city. Bull Street is com- 
monplace at its extreme southern end, 
but its historic interest begins with the 
Pulaski Monument in Monterey Square, 
the cornerstone of which was laid by 
Lafayette in 1825. It was on or very 

near the spot that the valiant Polish 
count fell mortally wounded, leading a 
cavalry charge against the British in 
1779. With him, and also wounded, 
was Count d'Estaing. They were both 
taken to Greenwich, a plantation four 
miles away. D'Estaing was later borne 
away by the French fleet and recov- 
ered. But Pulaski died that night and 
was buried secretly on the plantation. 
In 1855, what is now supposed to be, 
without doubt, his remains were re- 
moved to the city and placed beneath 
his monument. 

A block north of this square is Jones 
Street, a typical pre-Civil War thor- 
oughfare. Substantial, self-respecting 
brick houses, block after block, quaintly 
suggestive of the well-appointed South- 
ern life, they represent. On the 
southwest corner of Jones and Bull 
Streets is a house that boasts of having 
entertained William Cullen Bryant, 
N. P. Willis, Harriet Martineau, Edward 
Everett Hale, Prince Achille Murat, 
Frederica Bremer and William Make- 
peace Thackeray — a quite overwhelm- 
ing literary association ! Thackeray is, 
however, more closely associated with 
the Low Mansion on Lafayette Square 
facing Abercorn Street, where he stayed 
for a longer period. Tradition has it 
that he wrote a large portion of " The 
Virginians " there. However that may 
be, he certainly did give his impres- 
sions of Savannah in a letter entitled 
" The Feast of St. Valentine, 1855." 

Another block north and we reach 
Madison Square, beautified by the Jas- 
per Monument to the memory of Ser- 
geant William Jasper, who also fell at 
the siege of Savannah in 1779, after 
numerous deeds of incredible heroism. 
And on the left side of the square is the 
Greene mansion, in 1864 the head- 



quarters of General Sherman after his 
victorious march to the sea. 

Again two blocks north, and in the 


heart of the busy, beautiful city, where 
in all justice it should be, stands the 
magnificent statue of James Oglethorpe 
in the center of Chippewa Square. But 
the spot most sacred to the great 
founder is farther north, a location we 
shall reach in due time. 

On the corner of Oglethorpe Avenue 
stands the dignified and beautiful 
Independent Presbyterian Church, the 
oldest Presbyterian church in Georgia. 
The building has occupied this present 
site for over a hundred years, being 
once burned and rebuilt exactly as it 
was before. It was dedicated in 1819, 
during a visit to the city of President 
Monroe, who attended the ceremony. 
Incidentally, this president's visit was 
coupled with another unique occasion. 
He was the guest of William Scarbor- 
ough, one of Savannah's former mer- 
chant princes, in the Scarborough 
mansion on West Broad Street. This 
fine old residence is still standing, 
though now well nigh a ruin, and will 
probably soon disappear as the region 
has become devoted to business. Mr. 
Scarborough was one of the directors 
of the Savannah Steamship Company, 

which has the honor of having built the 
first steamship to cross the Atlantic — 
the City of Saz'anuali. 

The next square. Wright or Court- 
house Square, is flanked on one side by 
the fine new Post Ofifice on the site 
where once Wesley preached. But on 
the other is a great boulder decorated 
A\ith a bronze tablet, marking the 
burial-place of Tomo-chi-chi, the chief- 
tain of the Yamacraw Indians when 
Oglethorpe arrived with his first band 
of settlers. The founder wisely be- 
friended and made amicable compacts 
with the aged chief ; and so just were 
all his dealings with his Indian neigh- 
l^ors that never, in the history of 
Savannah, was the hand of the Red 
Man raised against his white brother. 
So deep was the mutual affection and 
respect between Oglethorpe and Tomo- 
chi-chi that the former took back the 



ninety-year old Indian chieftain to 
England, on one of his return trips, to- 
Sfether with a number of other lesser 



chiefs, and great was the stir and ex- 
citement in London over this unusual 
visitor. Tomo-chi-chi was feted and 
dined, presented at court and 
had his portrait painted by a 
noted artist. After months of 
sight-seeing and adulation, he 
returned to Georgia with Ogle- 
thorpe, and as a raconteur of 
traveller's tales was famous 
among his people to the end 
of his days! Near to l:)eing a 
centenarian, Tomo-chi-chi at 
length passed away, and his 
funeral was perhaps the most 
remarkable a forest savage 
ever had. His wish was to be 
buried among his white friends 
and it was duly respected. Ogle- 
thorpe and five of Savannah's 
principal citizens were pall-bearers, 
minute-guns were fired as he was lowered 
into his grave in the square, and Ogle- 

thorpe ordered that a pyramid of stone, 
dug in the neighborhood, be placed to mark 
his toiub. Whether this was ever 



done is not known. But the Georgia 
Chapter of Colonial Dames has not left 
his grave unmarked, as this fitting, 
rough-hewn boulder attests. 

Before we come to the last square, 
we have to cross Broughton Street, the 
busiest and most modern and common- 
place thoroughfare in the city. Yet 
even here we come upon history's foot- 
prints in an old wooden structure 
(wherein is the business of the town's 
principal photographer, by the way!) 
which was, in 1779, the headquarters 
of the British General Prevost, during 
the siege of Savannah. We have dis- 
covered that we cannot go about the 
city on the simplest errands of business 
or pleasure without stumbling con- 
stantly on historic reminders inter- 
woven with the most commonplace 
present-day affairs. The corner of 
Whitaker and Broughton Streets, where 
one can board a trolley to every por- 
tion of the city or outlying districts, is 
the site of Tondee's Tavern of ancient 
fame, where met the reckless " Liberty 



Boys " of Georgia in 1775, and where 
was erected the first Liberty Pole in 
the state. A trip to Savannah's one 
and only art gallery reveals it located in 
Telfair Academy, once the mansion of 
Governor Telfair in 1786, and still in 
part preserved as a beautiful example 
of an old-time Southern home. Even 
the Central of Georgia railroad station 
is on the site of Spring-hill Redoubt, 
erected by the British in 1779, and the 
remains of the fortification can still be 
seen in the railroad yards. 

But to return to Bull Street and the 
last park in the lovely chain, Johnson 
Square. This park is now surrounded 
by busy modern hotels and skyscrapers, 
but it is flanked on the right by Christ 
Church. The present building dates 
from 1838, but the original occupied 
the same site in 1740. It is the oldest 
ecclesiastical church in Georgia and 
boasts John Wesley as its second rector. 

In the center of the square is the 
Greene Monument, under which lie the 
remains of General Nathanael Greene 
and his son. From thence on Bull 
Street runs but one block further, 
where it is faced, at the river's edge, by 
the New City Hall. But shortly to the 
left, on Bay Street, is a spot marked by 
a simple marble bench — a spot that 
should be considered the most sacred 
in all this historic city. For here, be- 
side a little bubbling spring and under 
four sentinel pine trees, on his first 
night in his new colony, James Ogle- 
thorpe pitched his tent. And on this 
same spot, always in a tent, it was his 
pleasure to reside when in Savannah. 
A handsome and dignified city he 
planned, yet so simple were his own 
habits and desires that a tent sufficed 

him, when the most impressive man- 
sion could easily have been his. 

To-day the pines are gone and the 
heavy river-front traffic rumbles past 
the spot. But from the quiet marble 
seat we can survey what the great 
founder could not in his wildest flight 
of fancy have conceived — the Savannah 
of the twentieth century ! 

Oglethorpe saw the city for the last 
time in 1743. At that date there were 
about three hundred and fifty houses, 
mostly wooden, one or two public 
buildings and three churches. Very 
little like the city of his dreams, which, 
says a biographer, was depicted by his 
imagination as " a populous city with a 
large square for market or other pur- 
poses in every quarter; wide, regular 
streets crossing each other at right 
angles and shaded by noble trees . . . 
the wooden houses giving way to dura- 
ble and stately abodes, and above the 
foliage to arise the towers and spires 
of numerous churches." 

Oglethorpe's vision is to-day fulfilled 
beyond his most impossible dreams. 
He was, perhaps, the most disinter- 
ested and non-self-seeking of all who 
came across the sea to plant their set- 
tlements in the New World. The very 
inscription on the seal of America's 
youngest colony read, " Non sibi sed 
aliis." True, he lived to see that colony 
grow strong and prosper, declare her 
independence and become a state of the 
world's greatest republic. Yet even 
then his dream was far from its full 
realization. Not for himself nor his 
own generation he planned, but for the 
future. And Savannah, the first-born 
city of his hopes, stands to-day a shin- 
ing monument to his memory. 


By Vylla Poe Wilson 

HE groves were God's first 
temples," sang the poet Bryant, 
and since the World War, the 
idea of planting trees as living 
memorials to the heroic dead 
has taken firm hold on the 
sympathy and imagination of the 
American people. The plan was pro- 
posed by the American Foresty Asso- 
ciation upon the signing of the Armis- 
tice, and since then memorial trees 
have been dedicated by individuals, 
schools, colleges, churches and patri- 
otic organizations. 

One of the first of these memorial 
trees was put in the yard of the Force 
Public School, Washington, D. C, in 
honor of Lieutenant Quentin Roose- 
velt, son of Theodore Roosevelt, who, 
as the " baby of the White House," 
had attended the school. An oak sap- 
ling from the nearby Virginia hills 
was put in place with appropriate 
ceremonies and the story of the lad's 
heroic death was recited to the chil- 
dren by the boy chairman of the Pupil 
Committee, selected as the guard of 
honor for the Quentin Roosevelt Tree. 
This Guard of Honor will be renewed 
yearly as the members graduate from 
the grammar grades for the high 
schools of the National Capital. 

Memorial tree planting has taken 

many phases. In some instances, hun- 
dreds of acres have been set aside for 
groves — a tree for every one in war 
service from the county. The " Roads 
of Remembrance " have also come into 
vogue ; this is roadside tree planting, 
and automobile clubs and the motor 
industry generally have eagerly seized 
the opportunity to beautify the state 
roads. Throughout the United States 
tree-planting associations are being or- 
ganized in schools with the cooperation 
of the American Foresty Association. 

The National Society of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
with its love of the past and roster of 
chapters named for historic trees, was 
one of the first organizations to re- 
spond to the call of the American For- 
estry Association when it inaugurated 
its plan of a " Hall of Fame for Ameri- 
can Trees," which includes the names 
and records of celebrated trees. 

So keen has been the interest taken 
by the National Society in the project 
that President Charles Lathrop Pack, 
of the American Foresty Association, 
has made the following suggestion to 
its members in reference to a Road of 
Remembrance to connect the National 
Capital with the proposed Liberty 
Memorial Park to be placed on the 
outskirts of the National Capital : 







" To the Daug^hters of the American 
Revolution l^elongs great credit for 
putting us in touch with trees with a 
history," said Mr. Pack. " The Asso- 
ciation is recording every historic tree 
in its Hall of Fame. The memorial 
trees now being planted and the Roads 
of Remembrance will become famous 
with the years. It is for that reason 
the American Forestry Association is 
compiling a national honor roll of all 
memorial trees. 

" Our Association has suggested 
that the highway to Mount Vernon be 
made a great ' Road of Remembrance ' 
to the home of Washington, the 
nation's shrine. Trees should be placed 

there from every state and it would 
thus become a living tribute to the 
genius of Washington." 

No more fitting memorial to Wash- 
ington could be imagined because he 
was the foremost forester of his time. 
He loved forestry and devoted pages 
in his diary to descriptions, locations, 
and histories of the various trees in and 
around Mount Vernon. Many of these 
trees were planted by his own hand — 
and nearly all under his supervision. 
The largest trees, Avhich border the 
bowling green, were probably planted 
from 1783 to 1785, for it was in these 
years folloAving the Revolutionary 
War and preceding his election to the 




Presidency that Washington was most 
actively engaged in the improvement 
of Mount Vernon. 

Despite the poor soil of Mount Ver- 
non many of the trees planted by 
Washington have grown to a large 
size, and according to the most pains- 
taking research by Charles Sprague 
Sargent on behalf of the Council of the 
Mount Vernon Ladies' Association of 
the Union, there are now standing 
fifty-seven of these trees. 

The fragrant blossoming honey 
locusts near the kitchen gardens were 
probably planted by Washington 
when a young man and a visitor to the 
home of his step-brother, Lawrence 

Washington, who bequeathed Mount 
A'ernon to him. Washington was very 
fond of this species and planted, accord- 
ing to his diary, between 17,000 and 
18,000 seeds of the honey locust. 

The coffee bean trees, a curiosity in 
ihat day as now% were, according to 
tradition, planted by Washington and 
Lafayette. A pleasant picture is 
brought to mind by the vision of the 
two patriots, the toils of war over, en- 
gaged in the pastoral scene of tree 
planting. Near the coffee bean trees 
are three huge Pecan or Illinois nut 
trees that Washington planted at 
Mount Vernon on March 25, 1775. 
Additional interest is lent to them by 



the fact that they were given to Wash- 
ington by Thomas Jefferson. 

In September, 1784, Washington 
went on a tree-hunting expedition near 
the mouth of the Cheet River, in what 
is now West Virginia. The party 
gathered seeds of the buck-eye trees 
and Washington planted them at 
Mount Vernon the following April. 
To botanists these trees are of greater 
interest than any others, for the species 
has naturally yellow flowers, but those 
at Mount Vernon have variously red, 
pink, and flesh-colored blossoms. 

A towering hemlock 81 feet tall with 
a trunk 2 feet 6 inches in diameter on 
the flower garden side of Bowling 
Green was a tiny sapling when Wash- 
ington planted it on March 11, 1785. 
The years which have passed since 
then have left little trace on the Forest 
King, although it was struck by light- 
ning in 1897. 

Horticulturists have called the Lib- 
erty Tree, a tulip poplar on the campus 

of St. John's College, Annapolis, the 
oldest east of the Rocky Mountains. 
Its branches served as a canopy under 
which the Colonists and Susquehan- 
nock Indians made a treaty of peace 
in 1652. The next public use to which 
the tree was put was when the Colon- 
ists gathered beneath it to determine 
whether or not persons who had not 
joined the Association of Patriots 
should be driven out of the colony. 
Revolutionary soldiers rested under its 
grateful shade, and in 1824 Lafayette 
was entertained under its graceful 
branches, and there is frequent men- 
tion in the old Maryland Gazette of 
numerous Fourth of July celebrations 
having taken place beneath it. Two 
feet from the ground the Liberty Tree 
measures 29 feet 4 inches in circum- 
ference and its height is 150 feet. 

Another tree which antedates the 
American Revolution is the famous De 
Soto Oak at Tampa, Florida, which 
marks the spot from which De Soto 




Started for the Mississippi. General 
Nelson A. Miles made his headquarters 
for a time during the Spanish-American 
War under this tree. Its spread is 
125 feet. 

Only the stump is left of the Old 
Mulberry Tree at Saint Mary's, long 
the capital of Maryland, which marked 
the spot where Lord Calvert landed. 
Tradition says 
the first mass in 
North America 
was sung there, 
while the treaty 
between Gov- 
ernor Calvert 
and the Yacco- 
minco Indians 
was signed be- 
neath it, and 
the proclama- 
tions of the 
governors o f 
Colonial Mary- 
land were 
nailed to it. 
The tree was 
blown down 
during the storm of 1876, the year in 
which the famous Big Tree on Boston 
Common met with the same fate. 

Massachusetts, the old Bay Colony, 
is famous for its historic trees, and 
foremost among these is the Washing- 
ton Elm at Cambridge. There is no 
tree dearer to American hearts. Trav- 
ellers from the world have gazed with 
reverence on its spreading branches 
and read with interest the inscription 
at its base : " Under the branches of 
this tree Washington took command 
of the Continental Army on the 3rd of 
July, 1775." 

At Natick, Massachusetts, is the 
Eliot Oak — a white oak beautiful in its 
old age, where John Eliot, Apostle to 


the Indians in 1632, gathered the red 
men of the forest about him and 
preached to them of the Great White 
Father. About the same time John 
Endicott planted on his land in Dan- 
vers a pear tree which still bears fruit 
in abundance. Soil has gradually col- 
lected about the trunk until the two 
main branches appear to rise from the 

ground as 
separate trees. 
Surround i n g 
them is a fence 
which acts as 
a n effective 

On the day 
of the Battle of 
some of the 
farmers w h o 
that day wrote 
their names 
high on Fame's 
eternal roll, 
tied their 
horses to iron 
spikes driven at 
intervals into a beautiful elm standing 
outside Old Monroe Tavern, a scant 
five miles from the bridge. One of the 
spikes may still be seen in the body of 
the old elm which is sturdy and hale as 
were the hearts of the brave men who 
gathered for battle beneath its branches 
in the heroic days of old. 

Another tree with Revolutionary his- 
tory is the Pemberton Oak at Bristol, 
Va. Under this oak soldiers have been 
drilled for every war in which the 
United States has been engaged. The 
tree has been nominated for a place in 
the Hall of Fame by Mrs. Henry Fitz- 
hugh Lee, Virginia State Secretary, 
X.S.D.A.R. In 1776, Captain John 



Pemberton stood beneath this tree enjoyed the open-handed hospitahty 

when he drilled his soldiers for the of the old home nearby, 
famous battle of King's Mountain. Trees having Lafayette affiliations 

Other drills took place beneath its are nearly as numerovis as those asso- 


spreading branches for the war of 1812, ciated with Washington. A beautiful 

the Mexican War, the Civil War, and oak at Geneva, New York, has been 

during the World War hundreds of placed in the Hall of Fame because of 

soldiers were not only drilled there but the fact that General Lafavette made 



a speech under it while touring 
America. It is in sight of what was 
the stockade of the Six Nations. On 
Armistice Day exercises were held 
under the tree which has a circumfer- 
ence of 24 feet at a point 2 feet above 
the ground. 

The Dolly Todd Madison Chapter. 
N. S. D. A. R., has marked an historic 
tree at Tiffin, Ohio, which is nominated 
for a place in the Hall of Fame of the 
American Forestry Association by 
Mrs. John Locke. This tree stood as a 
sapling just inside Fort Ball during the 
War of 1812. Opposite it is the site of 
the home of General W. H. Gibson, 
celebrated in the Civil War and after- 
wards as an orator. The tree, now as 
thriving as ever, is on the property of 
Mrs. Lola \'an Tine. 

There is a renowned elm at Oberlin 
College, Ohio, under which the first 
log house was erected in 1833. Oberlin 
is noted for being the first coeduca- 
tional school in America if not in 
the world. 

One of the most famous trees in New 
England is the Kane Pine at Brattle- 
boro, Vt., nominated for a place in 
the Hall of Fame by Mrs. Robert E. 
Dunklee. historian of the Brattleboro 
Chapter, N.S.D.A.R. This tree is 
named in honor of Kane, the Arctic 
explorer who carved his initials on the 
pine. The Kane Lodge of Masons in 
New York City has just marked the 
Centennial of Kane's birth by pre- 
senting to Admiral Peary's son a medal 
which was to have been given to the 
x\dmiral, a member of that lodgre. 


By a large majority vote the Thirtieth Continental Congress advanced the sub- 
scription price of the Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine from 
one dollar to tzvo dollars a year. 

The nezv rates will go into effect on July 1, 1921. 

Until that date subscriptions zvill be accepted at the old rate of one dollar a year. 

The price of single copies of the magazine hereafter will be twenty-five cents 

Subscriptions should be sent to the Treasurer General, N.S.D.A.R., ]\lemorial Con- 
tinental Hall, \\'ashington, D. C. 

Lillian A. Hunter, 
Treasurer General. 

E. V. M. BiSSELL. 

Chairman, Magazine Conunittce. 


The Twenty-second Annual State Conference 
of the Alabama Society, Daughters of the 
American Revolution, convened in the " Magic 
City" — Birmingham — on December 1, 1920, the 
State Regent. Mrs. R. H. Pearson, presiding. 

During the strenuous days of the war. the 
Alabama Daughters decided to eliminate large 
social functions at the Conferences, and direct 
the expense thus incurred to philanthropic and 
educational work. This has been found so satis- 
factory that the old mode of lavish entertain- 
ment has never been resumed, and the Conference 
is on a strictly business basis. 

The opening session was devoted to an address 
of welcome by Miss Hattie Morton, of General 
Sumter Chapter, and a response by Mrs. W. A. 
Robinson, Regent of the baby chapter of the 
State, " Christopher Gadsden," of Gadsden ; the 
report of the State Regent, Mrs. R. H. Pearson, 
and an address by Rev. Middleton S. Barnwell, 
rector of the Church of the Advent, Birming- 
ham, on a subject of most vital importance — 
" Americanization." Following this was a reci- 
tation, " I am an American." The audience then 
stood, and made the pledge of allegiance to the 
Flag, led by Mrs. James Lane, of Sylacauga. 

The first business session opened promptly 
with a representative attendance. The business 
of the Conference was dispatched promptly and 
efficiently. One new chapter has been formed, 
the " Christopher Gadsden," and two others are 
in formation. Excellent work was reported by 
the chapters, and much activity shown in all lines 
of patriotic endeavor. A special feature of the 
Conference was an " Open Forum," led by Mrs. 
J. Morgan Smith, in which matters of mutual 
interest were informally discussed by the dele- 
gates. Questions were asked and answered, per- 
sonal experiences in various lines of work were 
given, and many happy suggestions received. The 
Daughters derived great benefit and inspiration 
from this free interchange of thought. The local 
work of the Alabama Daughters now centers 
in the establishment and maintenance of a moun- 
tain school, which has been honored by the name 
of the beloved Daughter of the State, Mrs. J. 
Alorgan Smith. Many well-deserved honors have 
come to this noble woman during her long and 


useful life of love and devoted service to others, 
and the Alabama Daughters felt that in making 
this spontaneous testimony of the love they bear 
her, they are in very truth honoring themselves, 
and at the same time assuring the success of the 
school, for no worthy undertaking endowed with 
such a name could fail of achievement. 

The State Regent, Mrs. R. H. Pearson, has, 
with faithfulness, good judgment and efficiency 
served the Daughters of our State for three 
years. She declined reelection at the conclusion 
of her second term, but the newly elected Regent, 
on account of illness and sorrow in her family, 
resigned before her confirmation by the Con- 
gress, as did the Vice Regent, leaving the State 
in the unprecedented condition of being without 
a Regent. On advice from the President Gen- 
eral, it was decided that Mrs. Pearson was still 
State Regent, and. laying aside many cherished 
personal plans, she again dedicated her time and 
interest to the guiding and conduct of the State 
work for another year. 

The following officers were elected, subject to 
the confirmation of the Continental Congress in 
April. 1921: Regent, Mrs. W. A. Robinson, 
Gadsden, and Vice Regent, Airs. Stanley 
Finch, Mobile. 

(AIrs. C. M.) Annie Soctherne Tardy, 

State Secretary. 


The Nineteenth Annual Conference, Florida 
Daughters of the American Revolution, was held 
in Miami on the 17th, 18th and 19th of Janu- 
ary, 1921, when Everglades Chapter, of which 
Mrs. E. G. Sewell, the State Regent, is a member, 
entertained in a most cordial fashion over fifty 
Florida Daughters, and was honored by having 
our beloved President General, Mrs. Minor, as 
its guest, as well as our Treasurer General, Mrs. 
Hunter, and the State Regent of Connecticut, 
Mrs. Buel, who is also Vice Chairman of the 
Immigrant Manual Fund Committee. The pres- 
ence of the National Officers and many distin- 
guished visitors who are wintering in Miami 
made the Conference an extremely interesting 
one, for 18 States were represented among those 
who attended the sessions of Conference. The 



meetings were held in the auditorium of the 
Elks' Home, which was appropriately decorated 
for the occasion, and the D.A.R. emblem illu- 
minated by small electric lights hung back of the 
platform, making the scene a miniature Memorial 
Continental Hall. This beautiful emblem was 
presented by Mrs. Sewell to the Florida Daugh- 
ters and will be used at all future Conferences. 

Bugle call at 10 o'clock on the morning of 
Januarj' 18th announced the entrance of the 
pages dressed in Puritan costumes escorting the 
President General and State Officers to the plat- 
form to the strains of the " Coronation March," 
played by Arthur Pryor's Band. After the sing- 
ing of " America," the invocation was given by 
Mrs. Grace Manlove, Chaplain of the hostess 
Chapter. The " American's Creed " was re- 
peated, and the Salute to the Flag was given. 

Mayor Smith, of Miami, extended the welcome 
of the city and the Chamber of Commerce ex- 
pressed its cordial welcome through Mr. Shutz. 
Mrs. H. Fletcher Fordham, Regent of Ever- 
glades Chapter, welcomed the Daughters, and 
Mrs. James A. Craig, Vice Regent of the State, 
responded for the Conference. Mrs. Sewell then 
presented the President General, who gave a 
most inspiring address on the subject " Home 
and Country," emphasizing the great necessity 
for faithful patriotic work during these danger- 
ous days of our nation's life and urging us to 
stand staunchly back of the National Society in 
its every undertaking. Mrs. Minor bade us study 
the history of our Pilgrim ancestors, that by 
emulating their Godly example we may keep our 
country up to the high principles upon which it 
was founded. Greetings were extended by the 
ex-State Regents and honored guests; also by 
visitors from many States, and the Secretary, 
Mrs. Brooke G. White, Jr., read telegrams and 
greetings from the Regents of still other States. 

A report of the last Continental Congress was 
made by Mrs. J. J. Kindred, Past State Regent. 
The reports of State Officers and State Chairmen 
of National Committees showed that each de- 
partment of state and national work is being 
carried on with all possible zeal and efficiency. 

Especially gratifying was the report of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
Magazine Chairman, Miss Annie Locke, which 
showed that Florida has the largest percentage 
of subscribers among its members of any state. 
During the last year, the State Regent offered 
a prize of $50 in gold to the chapter first acquir- 
ing a 100 per cent, subscription list. This prize 
was awarded to Maria Jefiferson Chapter, of 
St. Augustine, Mrs. V. C. Capo, Regent, and 
Mrs. John B. Floyd, Magazine Chairman, ac- 
cepted the generous prize and congratulations for 
their work in behalf of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution Magazine. 

The President General gave some important 

suggestions on national work, urging the 
Florida Daughters to respond to every call of 
the National Board of Management, so that we 
may work in perfect unison and continue to enjoy 
the privileges we have under our charter as a 
national organization. The reports of Chapter 
Regents were most encouraging, showing splen- 
did work along all patriotic lines and a steady 
gain in membership. During the last four years 
the Society in Florida has nearly doubled 
its membership. 

Through the appeal of Mrs. G. C. Frissell, 
State Chairman on Preservation of Historic 
Spots, an enthusiastic interest was aroused in 
the work the Colonial Dames of Florida are 
doing in placing a handsome tablet in Fort 
Marion at St. Augustine, marking it as one of 
America's most historic spots and depicting in 
bronze the four great periods of its history. The 
Daughters responded most generously toward 
helping in this work, and a large sum was raised 
through the donations of chapters and individuals. 

The subject of Valley Forge also met an enthu- 
siastic response and the Conference voted to 
place the Florida coat-of-arms in Washing- 
ton Chapel. 

Mrs. Livingston Hunter gave an interesting 
talk on national work, telling how much was 
actually accomplished by the small annual dues 
paid in to the National Society. Mrs. Buel spoke 
to the Conference, giving details of the work 
of the Immigrant Manual Fund Committee and 
showing the great value of this publication for 
our future citizens. 

The musical selections throughout the Con- 
ference were thoroughly enjoyed, Mrs. F. M. 
Hudson, of Miami, being the soloist, while 
Arthur Pryor and his band gave much pleasure 
in rendering many beautiful numbers. The social 
affairs given by the hostess Chapter were beauti- 
ful in every detail. A brilliant reception was 
given by Mrs. Sewell, State Regent, at her home 
in honor of the President General and State 
Officers on January 17th, when several hundred 
guests were invited to meet them. A luncheon 
was given on January 18th at the home of Mrs. 
H. Fletcher Fordham, Regent of Everglades 
Chapter, and proved a charming occasion. On 
the same evening, a banquet was given at the 
Miami Country Club by the State Regent and 
hostess Chapter. This affair was most enjoy- 
able, there being present a number of noted after- 
dinner speakers, among whom were our President 
General and Hon. William Jennings Bryan. 

On the last day of the Conference, the local 
chapter. Children of the American Revolution, 
gave a luncheon at Cocoanut Grove, after which 
the Daughters enjoyed a wonderful drive around 
the Magic City, visiting the famous Dearing 
estate, Miami Beach, and were given a delightful 
reception at the home of Mr. Bryan At tne 



conclusion of the drive, a tea was given by Mrs. 
Gratiny, making a fitting end to a round of 
delightful functions. 

The Conference, both socially and from a busi- 
ness standpoint, was a pronounced success, and 
all who attended went away with fresh inspira- 
tion for work and a stronger love for the 
National Society and the fond associations it 
offers to its members. 

Ida Floyd White, 
Recording Secretary. 


The Twenty-fourth Kentucky State Confer- 
ence, D.A.R., convened October 27 and 28. 
1920, in the Seelbach Hotel, Louisville, and while 
not a large Conference, it was most harmonious 
and pleasant. 

The room was 
artistically deco- 
rated by the Fin- 
castle Chapter, the 
collection of flags 
used being loaned 
by Mr. R. C. Bal- 
lard Thruston, and 
the musical selec- 
tions were ren- 
dered by the pupils 
of Professor 
Cowles, of the 
Louisville Conser- 
vatory of Music. 
The new State Re- 
gent, Mrs. J. M. 
Arnold, of Cov- 
ington, presided 
over the Confer- 
ence. The other 
State Officers 
present were 
Mrs. George 
Baker, Vice Re- 
gent; Miss Eliza- 
beth Grimes, 
Treasurer; Mrs. 
John Herring, 
Historian, and 
Mrs. William 
Rodes, Recording 

After the open- 
ing exercises and 
addresses, a beau- 
t i f u 1 memorial 
service was held 
in honor of those 
who had died dur- 
ing the year, 
among them our 

State Regent, Mrs. Mary Magoffin Shackelford, 
and Mrs. Jennie Chinn Morton. 

Mrs. Shackelford was president of the 
Woman's Club of Frankfort, and was widely 
known in Kentucky ; distinguished not only for 
her intellect, but because of her beauty. She 
was the granddaughter of Beriah Magoffin, one 
of Kentucky's war governors, and the great- 
great-granddaughter of Isaac Shelby, the first 
governor of Kentucky; also a lineal descendant 
of Nathaniel Hart, one of the early pioneers 
of Kentucky. 

The work of the Kentucky D.A.R.'s during the 
past year was satisfactory and chapter reports 
were most encouraging along all lines of work. 
There are 36 chapters, with a total active mem- 
bership of 1585, a gain of 118 during this year. 

T w o pioneer 
places of histori- 
cal interest were 
marked during the 
year. The site of 
McClcllan's Fort 
was marked in 
June by the Big 
Spring Chapter, 
o f Georgetown, 
with a granite 
monument, on 
which were carved 
the names of the 
Revolutionary he- 
roes buried in 
Scott County and 
of those who gave 
their lives for 
their country in 
the World War. 
This station or 
fort near the 
Royal Spring, and 
where George- 
town now stands, 
was the first set- 
tlement made, No- 
vember, 1775, by 
the McClellans— 
Alex, William and 
John — and An- 
drew and Francis 
McConnell, David 
Perry and Charles 
Le Compt. These 
men came down 
the Ohio River 
from Pittsburgh 
in April, 1775, up 
the Kentucky 





spot, and in the summer of 1776 they erected 
this station, the first one fortified north of the 
Kentucky River. 

The Logan-Whitley Chapter, of Stanford, 
placed a bronze tablet on the old Whitley man- 
sion, built by Col. William Whitley, 1786, on the 
site of his fort (1779). This two-story brick 
house, claimed to be the first in Kentucky, was 
the refuge of the pioneers from the Indians. 

Through the efforts of Mrs. George Baker, 
of the Frankfort Chapter, a plot of ground in 
the Frankfort Cemetery has been given to the 
D.A.R. of Kentucky. On this, the State Con- 
ference voted to erect a monument to the soldiers 
of the American Revolution and to remove as 
many bodies to this lot as possible from the old 
neglected country burying grounds. 

The interest of this the Twenty-fourth State 
Conference centered in the plan, proposed by 
Mrs. Christopher D. Chenault, of founding a 
school in the mountainous district of our State, 
to be called the Kentucky State D.A.R. School, 
and the enthusiastic committee, of which Mrs. 
Chenault was made chairman, hopes to visit the 
various places which have been suggested as 
available sites. 

The social side of the State Conference was 
delightful. The John Marshall Chapter, of 
Louisville, gave an evening reception in the 
Seelbach Hotel in honor of the delegates. The 
committee in charge of this charming affair 
comprised Mrs. J. B. Champ, Regent; Mrs. Sallie 
Ewing Marshall Hardy, Vice Regent, and Mrs. 
John W. Chenault. 

Mrs. John Middleton, of the Fincastle Chap- 
ter, entertained the State Officers at luncheon 
at the Pendennis Club, and Mrs. Alexander 
Humphreys opened her lovely country home 
" Fincastle " to the delegates and gave them a 
beautiful afternoon tea. Besides these more 
formal affairs, there were numerous other small 
gatherings, which brought the members of this 
Conference in closer touch. 

Thus ended the Twenty-fourth Kentucky State 
Conference, which was one of the most interest- 
ing we have ever held. 

(Mrs. Willi.^m) Mary F. H. Rodes, 

State Recording Secretary. 


The Twenty-first Annual State Conference of 
Missouri was held in St. Louis, beginning on 
Mondaj', October 25, 1920, and closing Wednes- 
day, the 27th. The Cornelia Green Chapter, 
D.A.R., presided as hostess in honor of Mis- 
souri's State Regent, Mrs. John Trigg AIoss. 
Missouri had the largest representation she has 
ever had, due to the fact that our Daughters now 
come to the Conference not to be entertained 

but paying their own expenses. The presence 
of our President General, Mrs. George Maynard 
Minor, gave our Conference a charming resem- 
blance to a big national congress. 

The meeting was also honored by the presence 
of the following State Regents : Mrs. Chubbuck, 
of Illinois, and Mrs. Felter, of Indiana. The 
program featured the election of State Officers 
and the election of the American hawthorn to the 
dignity of the Missouri D.A.R. state flower, to 
be recommended at this session of the Legislature 
for the state flower of Missouri. A banner of 
exquisite design and splendid workmanship was 
presented to the organization by the State Board. 

The Conference was called to order by the 
State Regent, Mrs. John Trigg Moss. After 
an invocation by the Chaplain General, Mrs. 
Selden P. Spencer, the " American's Creed," 
" Star-Spangled Banner " and Flag Salute, with 
several musical numbers, were given. 

Following the address of welcome on behalf 
of the city of St. Louis, by Col. I. A. Hedges, 
Mrs. Edward T. Jackson, representing the Cor- 
nelia Green Chapter, as its Regent, extended 
cordial greeting on behalf of the hostess chapter. 

Greetings from the Sons of the Revolution 
were extended by Mr. W^ D. Vandiver and Mr. 
George T. Parker. Presidents of State organi- 
zations were represented by Mrs. George A. 
Still, Federation of Women's Clubs ; Mrs. L. M. 
Ottofy. State Society, Daughters of 1812; Mrs. 
J. P. Higgins, State Society, U.D.C. Following 
a response by Mrs. George Edward George, 
State Vice Regent, Mrs. Samuel McKnight 
Green extended greetings to the President Gen- 
eral. Mrs. Wallace Delafield, our Honorary 
Vice President General, also cordially greeted 
the assembly. The musical numbers were fol- 
lowed by a memorial program. 

iMonday afternoon was given to the reading 
of reports by the State Officers, and that night a 
reception was held in honor of the President 
General, Mrs. Minor, and the State Regent, Mrs. 
J. AIoss, with the Cornelia Green Chapter as 
hostess, in the Statler Hotel. 

Tuesday's program embraced reports of State 
Chairmen and chapter reports. The Conference 
adjourned to attend an afternoon "tea" given 
by Webster Groves Chapter in honor of Mrs. 
George Maynard Alinor and Mrs. John Trigg 
Moss at the home of Mrs. C. M. Skinner, in 
Webster Groves. 

On Tuesday evening prizes were awarded for 
best scrap-book, magazine subscriptions and in- 
crease in membership, books for library and 
C.A.R. announcements, and for best essay on the 
subject, " A Contest in the Kingdom of Flowers," 
presented by the State Historian, Mrs. 
W. L. Webb. 

Daughters of the American Revolution 
Magazine, greatest number of subscriptions 



during the year, $10 in gold to Jefferson Chap- 
ter, of St. Louis. Five dollars in gold for best 
scrap-book went to Gov. George Wyliss Chapter, 
of Hannibal. The first prize for essay, $10 in 
gold, given by Mrs. W. L. Webb, was won by 
Mrs. Clara Lindley Finch, of the Major Molly 
Chapter, of Hamilton. Mrs. Finch named the 
aster as her choice for state flower. The second 
prize, a five-dollar gold piece, given by the State 
Regent, Mrs. John Trigg Moss, was awarded 
to Mrs. W. B. Kinealy, of St. Louis, whose 
favorite flower was the daisy. Mrs. McGregor, 
State Director of the C.A.R., awarded two prizes 
of $5 each to two little girls, members of the 
Betsy Hall Society of Kansas, and Betty Dale 
Society of Armstrong, for their essays on Mis- 
souri history. 

Mrs. Kitt, as State Librarian, awarded a prize 
of $5 in gold to the Elizabeth Benton Chapter, of 
Kansas City, for the best set of books sent to 
the library of Memorial Continental Hall during 
this past year. 

The $10 prize offered for the greatest increase 
in new members during the year, October 1. 1919, 
to October 1, 1920, was awarded to the Allen 
Morton Watkins Chapter, of Richmond. 

The Daughters voted to buy new lace curtains 
for the Missouri room in Memorial Continental 
Hall and also voted to purchase a handsome silk 
flag to replace the one of bunting that Missouri 
now has hanging there. 

We also voted to have a new State Committee, 
namely, " Genealogical Research " Committee. 
and Mrs. George McElhiney, of St. Charles, was 
appointed State Chairman. This Conference 
also voted to mark as a state the most historical 
unmarked spot in the state during the coming 
year. We voted to endorse the " Permanent 
Memorial Highway." 

On Wednesday beautiful musical selections 
were rendered, and committees were listened to, 
much discussion being given to the plan for the 
Ozark School. 

Also, a committee was appointed to plan for a 
D.A.R. program to celebrate the 100th birthday 
of Missouri this year, 1921. Mrs. A. H. Con- 
nelly is chairman of that committee. 

All who attended the meeting were heard to 
exclaim, "A wonderful Conference!" "The 
best we have ever had ! " 

(Mrs. W. L.) Mabelle Brown Webb, 

Retiring State Historian. 


The members of the Twenty- fourth Confer- 
ence of the New York Daughters assembled in 
historic Saratoga Springs on October 7 and 8, 
1920, as guests of Saratoga Chapter. Its ses- 
sions were held in the Casino, the auditorium of 
which was appropriately decorated with the 

D.A.R. insignia, palms and flags, one of them a 
Betsy Ross flag. 

The processional was played by Miss Claire 
Brezee. The National and State Officers were 
each escorted to the platform by pages, attired 
in white and wearing blue ribbon badges. These 
young women were graduates of the Bemis 
Heights Society, C.A.R., and have now become 
members of the Saratoga Chapter. Miss Clara 
Grant Walworth, granddaughter of Mrs. Wal- 
worth, was the special page of the President 
General. Mrs. Charles White Nash, State 
Regent, presided, followed by Mrs. George May- 
nard Minor, President General ; Mrs. Charles S. 
Whitman, Vice President General ; Mrs. John 
Francis Yawger, Recording Secretary General ; 
Airs. Daniel Lothrop, Founder of the C.A.R. ; 
Mrs. John Laidlaw Buel, State Regent of Con- 
necticut ; Mrs. Franklin P. Shumway, State 
Regent of Massachusetts ; Mrs. Charles Melville 
Bull, Yke State Regent; Mrs. John P. Mosher, 
State Director of the C.A.R., and the other 
State Officers. 

The call to order was given by the State 
Regent, Mrs. Nash, and the invocation by Mrs. 
Silas N. Sherwood, State Chaplain, followed by 
singing of " The Star-Spangled Banner," by Miss 
Selma Ladzinski, and the Salute to the Flag. 
]Mrs. Samuel R. Davenport, Regent of Saratoga 
Chapter, graciously welcomed the Daughters, 
and. quoting from an Indian legend, extended 
the Chapter's greeting with " much all heart." 
In the absence of the Alayor, Mr. Benjamin 
Knickerbocker Walbridge extended the city's 
welcome to the delegates. 

Both Mrs. Davenport and Mr. Walbridge 
called attention to the fact that the Conference 
was meeting in the home city of Ellen Harden 
Walworth, one of the founders of the National 
Society, and in doing so both paid high tribute 
to her. Dr. Charles Henry Keyes. President of 
the Skidmore School of Arts, extended a greet- 
ing in behalf of the Chamber of Commerce. To 
these addresses of welcome Mrs. Nash graciously 
responded and referred briefly to the historic 
dates on which the Conference was being held. 
In 1767 the first Continental Congress met in 
New York on this date, and in 1777 occurred 
the Battle of Saratoga. Mrs. Nash in her inter- 
esting address spoke of the aims of the National 
Society, and gave a splendid account of the 
State's work during the year, urging the support 
of chapters in the different objects for which 
the State was working. 

Then followed the introduction of the guests 
of honor, each one bringing cordial greeting 
from the home chapter and State, after which 
Mrs. Minor delivered a patriotic address, taking 
as her subject " Home and Country." 

The afternoon session opened with a piano 
solo by Miss Gertrude Carragan. The report 



of the Committee on the Revision of the By- 
Laws was read by Mrs. Bull, Chairman, and the 
revised By-Laws were adopted, making the term 
of State Officers three years to conform with 
those of the National Society. The address of 
the afternoon, " The Historic Worth of Sara- 
toga," given by ex-Senator Edgar Truman 
Brackett, received the appreciative applause of 
the Daughters and a rising vote of thanks. Re- 
ports of State Officers and State Committees 
were given. The Credential Committee's report 
gave the voting body of the Conference as 142, 
with more than that number of visiting Daugh- 
ters and alternates, making it one of the largest 
State gatherings ever held. 

Friday morning the Conference was opened by 
Mrs. Nash, and the invocation was given by Mrs. 
Sherwood. An innovation, which received gen- 
eral approval, came when at the roll call of chap- 
ters, the Regents handed their reports to the Vice 
State Regent, for publication in the year book, of 
which each chapter received a copy. A beautiful 
memorial service was given by Airs. Sherwood 
for departed members. Mrs. C. Fred Boshart 
paid a special tribute to Mrs. Willard S. xAugs- 
burg, who had served the Societ}' as State 
Regent, Historian General, and was Honorary 
State Regent at the time of her death. 

Mrs. Nash then introduced Dr. James Sullivan, 
State Historian. Adjournment was later taken 
for luncheon at the Worden, where the National 
and State Officers and distinguished guests were 
entertained by the Saratoga Chapter. 

The afternoon session opened with the sing- 
ing of the " Song of the Empire State " by Mrs. 
Charles B. Andrus. ]Mr. William E. Smith, 
State Superintendent of Immigrant Education, 
was introduced by Mrs. Nash, and spoke on 
" Closer Cooperation Between the D.A.R. and 
State Americanization Work." Mrs. Harvey 
Tyson White, Chairman of the Tellers, reported 
the entire State Board reelected for two years, 
making their whole term of service three years. 

The State Conference has so increased in 
numbers and the necessary business to be trans- 
acted, that it was decided to continue the sessions 
for three days next year, convening on Wednes- 
day. Singing of "The Star-Spangled Banner" 
by the audience, and the benediction by Mrs. 
Sherwood, closed the Conference. 

The Children of the ^American Revolution met 
Wednesday afternoon for a Conference, the 
guests of Bemis Heights Society, which cele- 
brated its 25th anniversary, Mrs. John P. 
Mosher, State Director, presiding. Mrs. Daniel 
Lothrop, founder of the children's society, was 
guest of honor, and addressed the children, her 
slogan for them being " Law and Order." Dele- 
gates were present from all nearby Societies. 

The social features were not forgotten. On 

Wednesday evening Mrs. Davenport cordially 
received the members of the Conference at an 
informal reception at her home. Thursday after- 
noon Mrs. George Sanford Andrews was " at 
home " to the Daughters at the Andrews home- 
stead. Thursday evening the Saratoga Chapter 
gave a reception to the President General. Na- 
tional and State Officers, and all Daughters, in 
the Casino. 

Florence S. B. Mexges, 

State Historian. 


New officers of the Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution of North Dakota for the ensuing 
year were elected at the State Conference held in 
Bismarck on March 15 and 16, 1921, as follows : 

Regent, Mrs. G. N. Young; Vice Regent, 
Mrs. M. A. Hildreth; Recording Secretary, Mrs. 
G. W. Haggert ; Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. 
D. T. Owens; Treasurer, Miss Stella Buchanan; 
Consulting Registrar, Mrs. E. A. Thorberg ; 
Historian, Mrs. Archer Crane ; Librarian, Mrs. 
Kate Glaspell, Jamestown. 

The report of Mrs. George M. Young, State 
Regent, was read by Airs. D. T. Owens, of 
Bismarck, State Corresponding Secretary. Mrs. 
Young's report was optimistic about work done 
the past year and the prospect of growth of the 
National Society for the coming year. 

Fargo was chosen as the next place of meeting 
on invitation of Dacotah Chapter. 

Reports of officers showed that the chapters 
of the State had faithfully performed their duties 
during the past year. 

The reports of the chapter Regents were next 
heard and showed that Americanization had been 
the keynote of the work throughout the State. 
The reports were : 

Mrs. John Tracy, Sakakawea Chapter. Valley 
City, read by Aliss Esther Clark. Airs. E. A. 
Thorberg, Alinneshoshe Chapter, Bismarck. Mrs. 
AI. A. Hildreth, Dacotah Chapter, Fargo, read 
by Airs. Haggert. Airs. Don Nierling, Fort 
Seward Chapter, Jamestown. Mrs. Thos. 
Kane, Red River Valley Chapter, Grand Forks. 

It was found that there are at the present time 
three new chapters being organized, one at Alinot, 
with Airs. Ward Newman as Organizing Re- 
gent ; one at Devils Lake, with Airs. A. M. 
Powell as Organizing Regent, and the third at 
Mandan, with Airs. A. M. Bowers as Organiz- 
ing Regent. The reports from these new chap- 
ters were very enthusiastic, and the delegates to 
next year's Conference will without a doubt 
include representatives from all the new chapters. 

AIrs. David T. Owens, 

Corresponding Secretary. 


Assistant Professor of History 
George Washing:ton University 

The Development of the Natiox, 1815-1856 

The period from 1815 to 1856 is one of development along constitutional and economic lines, a 
feature better brought out in a topical than in a chronological arrangement. The constitutional 
questions of the first two decades, complicated by the economic issues brought out by the material 
growth of the nation, all become merged in the later years in the overshadowing question of 
slavery. For a single book. Burgess' Middle Period covers the entire period, but mainly from 
the constitutional side. Three volumes of the American Nation : Turner's Rise of the Nczv 
West, Macdonald's Jacksonian Democracy, and Garrison's U'estivard Exteiisioit, are especially 
useful, with the general works already noted. Special phases are covered by Bogart's Economic 
History, Dewey's financial History and Stanwood's History of the Presidency. 

Constitutional Growth. 

1. National feeling, 1816-1820. 

Babcock : Rise of American National- 
ity, ch. 11. 

2. Chief Justice Marshall and his influence. 

Johnson : Union and Democracy 

(Riverside History), ch. 19. 
Babcock: 18. 

3. The Growth of Nationality — Webster. 

Wilson : iv, 20-28. 

Macdonald : Jacksonian Democracy, 

93-111, or 
McMaster : v, 11-24. 

4. State Sovereignty and Nullification — Cal- 

Schouler : iv, 85-110, or 
McMaster vi, 153-171. 
Foreign Relations. 

5. The Monroe Doctrine. 

Turner : Rise of the Neiv West, ch. 12. 
Schouler : iii, 279-292. 

For its later development see 
Coolidge : The United States as a 
World Pozver, ch. 5. 
Territorial E.xpansion. 

6. Te-xas. 

Wilson: iv, 110-112. 

Garrison : Westz^'ard Extension, 22- 

McMaster: vii, 391-406. 

7. The Mexican War. 

Wilson: iv, 117-122. 
Garrison : ch. 15. 

Dodd : Expansion and Conflict (Riv- 
erside History), 153-160. 

8. Oregon. 

Garrison: 34-42, 157-173. 
Schouler: iv, 504-514. 


Economic Development. 
Dodd: ch. 10. 
Bassett: 461-465, 480-485. 
9. The Westward Movement. 
Turner : ch. 5, 6. 
Dodd : ch. 2. 

Bogart : Economic History of the 
United States, 170-184. 

10. Manufactures and the Tariff. 

Bogart: ch. 11. 

Article Tariff in Nezc International 
Encyclopccdia or Britannica. 
The Development of Transportation. 

11. "Internal Improvements." 

Bogart: 186-200. 

12. The Railroads. 

McMaster: vi, 187-194. 

13. Finance — The Bank of the United States. 

Wilson: iv, 41-60. 
Macdonald : ch. 7. 

Dewey : Financial History of the 
United States, 197-210. 
The Slavery Question. 

14. Slavery and Cotton. 

Turner : ch. 4. 

15. The Abolitionists. 

Wilson : iv, 76-80. 

Hart: Slaz'crv and Abolition (Ameri- 
can Nation), 170-187. 
Slavery and Expansion. 

16. The Missouri Compromise. 

Turner: 149-171. 
Johnson: 270-280. 

17. The Aftermath of the Ale.xican War. 

Wilson: iv, 123-136. 
Elson: iii, 186-204. 

18. The Compromise of 1850. 

Schouler : v, 181-199. 
Garrison : 315-330. 

^ ^age in 

^(\\ nndolfii 

Conducted by 
Edith Roberts Ramsburgh 

Drawings by 
Zoe Lee H. Anderson 


Robert Randolph, of Hams, Co. Essex. Eng- 
land, gent, married the daughter of Thomas 
Roberts, of Hawkhurst, Co. Kent, England. 
Their son, William, 1572-1660, married Dorothy, 
daughter of Richard Law, and their son Thomas 
was the poet whose works have been edited by 
Hazlett. Their second son Richard, who married 
Eliza, daughter of Richard Ryland, was the 
grandfather of William Randolph, 1651-1711, 
who was the progenitor of the Randolphs 
of America. 

William Randolph, at one time, bought the 
whole of Sir Thomas Dale's settlement, 5000 
acres, and as much more from other persons, 
reaching down to Four-mile Creek, on the 
James River, Virginia. 

He was a member of the House of Burgesses, 
Speaker of the House, Attorney General, and 
member of the Royal Council. He married 
Mary, daughter of Henry and Catherine Isham, 
of Bermuda Hundred, Va., a direct descendant 
of the Scotch Earls of Alurray. Her grand- 
mother, Joan Busley, who married Henry Isham, 
Sr., was Alaid of the Wardrobe to Queen Eliza- 
beth. She was also a direct descendant of 
Alfred the Great, Edward the Elder, King of 
England, of Henry I, King of France, and his 
wife Anne of Austria, of Heingst, King of 
Saxony, A. D. 434. 

The Randolphs have intermarried with the 
Peytons, Boilings, Elands, Burwells, Pages and 
other families of prominence in the United States, 
one marrying Martha, daughter of Thomas 
Jefferson, President of the United States. 

It is through these lines also that Mrs. Edith 
Boiling Wilson, wife of former President 
Woodrow Wilson, traces her Colonial ancestry. 


Sir Hubert de Warel, Lord of Aries in 
Provence, and several of his sons were with 
William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings, 
1066; three of the sons fell in this battle, and 
William granted the coat-of-arms to Sir Hubert 
de Warel for his gallantry, and gave him large 
possessions in the Counties of Durham and 
Northumberland, and in the latter he, by grant, 
erected a stately palace. His name is also re- 
corded in the Doomsday Book. He was suc- 
ceeded by his youngest son, Rodolph, who 
founded the Monastery of Blackburn. 

Sir William de Warel, during the wars in the 
Holy Land, accompanied Richard, Coeur de Lion, 
and was the means of saving his life by defeating 
an ambuscade, headed by an Eastern noble. In 
return he received from the King the arms, 
which the family retained until its titles lapsed. 
His only son, Rudiger, Count of Aries, had 
estates in Provence. Upon his death he was 
interred in the Monastery of Aries. 

From this time the name was changed to 
Wirrell, then Worrell and now Worrall is in 
general use. 

The Worralls of Pennsylvania and the eastern 
shore of Delaware, Maryland and Virginia, 
through John Worrall, who came with the 
colony of William Penn, are lineal descendants 
of Sir Hubert de Warel. Both Dean Swift and 
the poet Dryden belonged to this family ; also 
the authoress. Miss Muloch. 

Descendants of John Worrall still reside on 
and own land given to him by grant from William 
Penn in the early days of the Colony. 


To Contributors — Please observe carefully the following rules: 

1. Karnes and dates must be clearly written or typewritten. Do not use pencil. 

2. All queries must be short and to the point. 

3. All queries and answers must be signed and sender's address given. 

4. In answering queries give date of magazine and number and signature of query. 

5. Only answers containing proof are requested. Unverified family traditions will not be 

All letters to be forwarded to contributors must be unsealed and sent in blank, stamped 
envelopes accompanied by the number of the query and its signature. The right is reserved 
to print information contained in the communication to be forwarded. 



Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 


4182. Williams. — Robert Williams came to 
America in 1638. His ch were Samuel Isaac, 
Stephen & Thomas (page 29). Isaac, b Sept. 1, 
1638, at Roxbury, m Martha Park & d at the 
age of 70 years. Their ch were Isaac, Martha, 
William, b Feb. 2, 1665, a minister of Hatfield, & 
seven others. William Williams graduated at 
Harvard, 1683, & settled in Hatfield, Mass.; 
m 1st Elizabeth Cotton & 2nd a dau of Solomon 
Stoddard ; their ch were Solomon, William & six 
others. He d about 1746 (pages 169-170). 
William Williams 2nd, b 1788, graduated at 
Harvard, 1705, m Hannah, dau of Solomon Stod- 
dard, of Northampton, Alass., his father's second 
w's sister, before his father m. He d Mar. 6, 
17 — , at Weston, Mass. His ch were Col. Wm., 
Elizabeth, Anna, Nathaniel, of Lanesboro ; Lucy, 
Mercy, Esther, Dr. Solomon & Hannah. Na- 
thaniel Williams m Dolly or Dorothy Stratton, 
dau of the old Indian fighter. He served in the 
Rev War & spent the last yrs of his life in Lanes- 
borough. I trace this line back to Dr. John 
Cotton, of Boston fame, & to Anne Bradstreet, 
the first American poet, & to Governor Simon 
Bradstreet & Governor Thomas Dudley & on to 
the Royal Family of England. The above refer- 
ences refer to the " Genealogy and History of 
the Family of Williams," 1847, by Stephen W. 
Williams. — Mrs. IV. H. Cortright, Homer, Mich. 

6555. Bird. — Williamson Bird, Captain of 
Mil., of Prince Edward Co., Va., during the Rev, 
m Phoebe Price, moved to Wilkes Co., Ga., 
abt 1788. His will, recorded there Mar. 11, 
1802, mentions his w Phoebe, and ch Price, 
Philemon, Betsy Woodall, Fanny Price, Tabitha, 


Katy Switchy, Dyer, Williamson, & John. Son 
Philemon Bird, of Prince Edward Co., Va., 
moved to Wilkes Co., Ga., abt 1788. His will, 
recorded there May 7, 1810, mentions his w 
Mary & ch Diana Evering, Lee, Job, Alolly Ogle- 
tree, Robert, Williamson. James, Katy Heard, 
Buford, Elizabeth Jourdan, George & Philemon, 
deceased. Think his w's maiden name was Mary 
Lee.— 7. P. Mott, Valdosta, Ga. 

8974. Harman-Harmon. — Francis Harmon 
came in ship Love with w & 2 ch, Sarah & John. 
John settled in Springfield in 1635, m Elizabeth 

. Their ch were John, Samuel, Sarah, b 

Sept. 4, 1644, Joseph, b Jan. 4, 1647. Elizabeth, h 
1649, Mary, 1651. Nathaniel, Mar. 13, 1653. 
Ebenezer. Aug. 12, 1657. Nathaniel Harmon, 
b May 15, 1653. at Springfield, d there May 2, 
1712. m at Suffield. Mary Skinner, b Winsor, 
Sept., 1667, d at Suffield. Tehy had 10 ch. 
Their oldest child, Nathaniel, b at Suffield, Jan. 
15, 1686, d Oct. 16, 1763, m at Suffield, Aug. 24. 
1710. Esther Austin, b at Suffield, Jan. 11, 1686, d 
at Suffield. Nine ch. The third, Asahel. b at 
Suffield. July 6, 1726, d Dorset, m in Suffield, 
Mary Parsons, b Springfield, May 2, 1722, d 
Apr. 16, 1817. They had 4 ch. Dau Abigail, b 
Suffield, Apr. 2, 1756, d Dorset. Nov. 29. 1847. m 
Jan. 21, 1779. at Dorset. Vt.. Moses Kent. Refer- 
ences : Records of Suffield, Conn. History of 
Suffield, and the Genealogy willed to the Town 
by General George Harmon. — Mrs. Wm. B. 
Birge, 2 Huntington Place, Norwich, Conn. 

9944. Kellogg. — Write to Miss Jessie Blair, 
Sedalia. Mo., in reference to Samuel Kellogg 
who m June 2, 1768-9, Anna, dau of Absalom & 
Martha Young Blair, of Blandford, Mass. The 
Kelloggs lived in Williamstown, Mass., & some 



of this Blair line went to Vt. Samuel Kellogg 
m 2ndly Isabella Blair, sister of his 1st w. See 
Perry's History of Williamstown, Mass. Please 
send me the Kellogg descent. — Dr. E. M. H. 
Moore, 1708 Race St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

88S6a. Powers-Pettegrew. — Betsey Powers, 
b Oct. 20, 1770, d June 8, 1816, was the dau of 
William & Elizabeth (Gates) Powers. The in- 
tention of their marriage in 1765 is recorded in 
Stow, Mass. William was b in Littleton, Mass., 
Dec. 30, 1740. Late in life he moved to Groton, 
N. H., where he d Mar. 13, 1829. He was a Rev 
soldier, was with General Stark at Bennington, 
Vt. Elizabeth Gates, w of William Powers, was 
the dau of Ephriam Gates & his 1st w Dorothy, 
who was b May 3, 1737, & d Nov. 9, 1823. Wil- 
liam was the son of Gideon & Lydia (Russell) 
Powers, & Gideon was the son of Isaac Powers, 
b 1665, & his w Mrs. Mary (Poulter) (Wins- 
gip) Powers, of Nashoba & Medford, Mass., 
whom he m in 1701. Isaac was the son of the 
Emigrant Walter Powers, 1639-1693, who m in 
1661 Tinal Shepard, dau of Ralph, of Concord, 
Mass. — Mrs. W. H. Cortright, Homer, Mich. 

Gideon Powers, father of William, was b in 
Littleton, Mass., 1729, & d in Temple. N. H., 
1789. He also had Rev record, as he was one 
of the Signers of the Association Test. Refer- 
ences for the above family data & Rev services 
are the " Powers Eamily," by Amos H. Powers, 
and New Hampshire State Papers, Volume 8, 
page 288. — Genealogical Editor. 

9937. Graaf-Graf. — Hans (John) Graff was 
b in Switzerland, 1661. About 1695, due to the 
persecutions of the Mennonites, the religious sect 
to which he belonged, he left Switzerland & took 
up his abode in Alsace, France, where he re- 
mained until he emigrated to America & settled 
in Germantown, Pa. He finally made his home 
in Lancaster Co., in the township Earl (Graff), 
named in honor of him, as its most respected 
inhabitant. By trading with the Indians he laid 
the foundation of his great fortune. He was 
assigned to positions of trust & importance by 
the Governor & Board of Council of the Prov- 
ince. His sons were Peter, David, who lived to 
be 62 years old, who m a Miss Moyer & had son 
David, who m Barbara Hirst ; John, Daniel, 
Marcus & Samuel. Reference : Biographical 
History of Lancaster Co., Pa., by Alex. Harris, 
pp. 237-239. — Genealogical Editor. 

9944. Kellogg. — Samuel Kellogg, son of Capt. 
Ezekiel, b Feb. 1, 1739, m 1st Lucy Snow, per- 
haps dau of Jacob & Abigail Wyman Snow, who 
were m in Woburn, Mass., Apr. 8, 1740. Abigail 
d & Jacob m 2ndly Apr. 22. 1805, Mrs. Sally 
(Fisk) Southwick, widow of Benj. Southwick, 
of New Salem. He resided in New Salem, 
where his ch were b. His second w was dis- 
missed from the church in New Salem & recom- 
mended to the church in Sangerfield, N. Y., Apr. 

20, 1816, at abt which time he probably removed 
to that place. He is said to have been a soldier 
in the Rev & was one of sixteen who marched to 
reenforce the army at Bennington, but did not 
arrive until the battle was over. He had nine ch 
by the first w & four by the second. Reference • 
" The Kelloggs in the New World," by Timothy 
Hopkins, Vol. 1, page 140. — Ella M. Rorabeck, 
1848 Liberty St., Jacksonville, Fla. 

Samuel Kellogg was a soldier in Captain Har- 
ris' Co., Colonel Simond's Regiment of Mass. 
He was one of those who marched to reenforce 
the army at Bennington. Ch by first w. Lucy 
Snow, were Benjamin, bap. 1770, m Permelia 
Trask; Samuel, bap. 1771, m Susannah Felton ; 
Lucy, bap. 1773, m Elva Allen ; Sarah, bap. 1775, 
m Peter Sampson; Hannah Snow. bap. 1777, 
m 1st Joseph Putnam, 2nd Sylvanus Ward; 
Nathaniel, bap. 1781, m Sarah Stowell ; Jona- 
than, bap. 1784, unm. ; Barnabas, bap. 1786; Ex- 
perience. Ch by 2nd w : Warren, 1805, m 
Melissa Beck; Daniel Fisk, 1807, m Emily Dun- 
ham ; Experience m Aranus Livermore. Samuel 
Kellogg was b in New Salem, Miss., & d prob- 
ably in Sangerfield, N. Y. His record of Rev 
service has been accepted. Samuel Kellogg was 
the son of Capt. Ezekiel Kellogg, b in Hadley, 
Mass., Apr. 15, 1697, m abt 1723, Elizabeth Par- 
tridge, b in Hadley, Sept. 22, 1701, dau of Samuel 
Partridge, Jr., b Jan. 21, 1672, m Mary Cotton, 
dau of Rev. Seaborn Cotton & Dorothy Dudley. 
Samuel Partridge was the son of Col. Samuel 
Partridge, of Hatfield, Mass. Representative 
1685-6, colonel of regiment, Judge of Probate, 
one of the Council, after the death of Col. 
Pynchon, 1703, the most important man of the 
western part of the Province. Capt. Ezekiel 
Kellogg resided in Hadley & New Salem & was 
a soldier in the French & Indian War, in Col. 
Williams' Regt., served 10 days, travelled 44 
miles during the siege of Fort William Henry. 
Commanded a company against the Indians & 
had charge of the Fort at New Salem built for 
the protection of families of the settlers. His 
father, Nathaniel Kellogg, was b in Hadley, Oct. 
8, 1669, & m June 28, 1692, Sarah Boltwood, b 
in Hadley, Oct. 1, 1672, dau of Sergeant Samuel 
Boltwood & Sarah Lewis, dau of William Lewis. 
1st Recorder of Farmington, Conn., 1645, & 
gr-dau of William Lewis, an original settler of 
Hartford, 1636. Nathaniel Kellogg was in Deer- 
field, 1693, when the town was attacked by the 
Indians. Lieutenant of militia. Selectman of 
Hadley, 1717-21-24-27-37. He d Oct. 30, 1750. 
He was the son of Lieutenant Joseph Kellogg, 
who was the son of Martin Kellogg, bap. in Great 
Leighs, Eng., Apr. 1, 1626, who m 2ndly Abigail 
Terry, b in Windsor, Conn., Sept. 21, 1646, dau of 
Stephen Terry, who was the son of John Terry 
& Mary White, who came to America on the 



Mary & John in 1630.— /o/nj Watt, 1828 State 
St., New Orleans, La. 

8851. RuFFiN. — This query was partly an- 
swered in the February, 1921, Magazine, but the 
name of Francis Ruffin's 1st w was not given. 
She was Hannah Cocke, and her ch were Thomas, 
John, Robert & Hannah Ruffin. Hannah m C. 
Seward. Reference : ll'illiani &■ Mary Quar- 
terly, Vol. \S.—Miss Susan A. Harris, 484 
Spring St., Atlanta, Ga. 

8969. DiNSMORE. — An addition to answer in 
March, 1921, Magazine. James Dinsmore emi- 
grated to this country from Ireland & settled 
first in Fayette Township, Alleghany Co.. Pa., 
& on July 21, 1795, purchased 275 acres of land 
in Canton Township, Washington Co., Pa., of 
Joshua Anderson. On this farm James Dinsmore 
lived & d at an advanced age. A fort or block- 
house was on this place & later was known as the 
Dinsmore Fort. James Dinsmore left sons John & 
James & several daus. The farm was divided be- 
tween the two sons & John remained on the home- 
stead till his death. His sons were James, John C. 
& Robert. Reference : Boyd Crumrines, History 
of Washington Co., Pa. — Miss Effie Tecmer, 
1957 E. 31st St., Lorain, Ohio. 

8971. Stoxe. — -From Annapolis Calendar of 
Wills. Will of Capt. WilHam Stone, Charles 
Co., Md., dated Dec. 3, 1659, probated Dec. 21, 
1660, mentions w, Verlinda. oldest dau EUza 
Stone, sons Richard, John, ^latthew. daus Mary 
& Katherine & oldest son Thomas & heirs. Over- 
seers & guardians of minor child : Gov. Josias 
Fendall, brother-in-law Francis Dougherty, bro 
Matthes Stone. Will of Verlinda Stone, Mar. 3, 

1674, mentions dau Doyen, son John. 

Vol. 2, page 159, Joshua Doyen, St. Mary's Co. 
His will mentions 200 A. at Nanjenny, Charles 
Co., being part of a tract bought of Aladam 
Elizabeth Calvert & her son Charles Calvert. 
(This is probably Elizabeth Stone who m Wil- 
liam Calvert. Joshua Doyen, her brother-in- 
law.) George Norbury Mackenzie in his " Colo- 
nial Families of the United States of America," 
Vol. 6, says : " William Calvert, of ' Calvert's 
Rest,' b 1642, was a member of the House of 
Burgesses, Deputy Governor of the Province, 
Councillor and Principal Secretary from 1669- 
1682, when he was drowned in the Wicomico 
River, in or abt 1664. He m Elizabeth Stone, 
who survived him, a dau of Governor William 
Stone, b 1603, d 1695, & his w Verlinda Sprigg 
Cotton." (According to Wm. Stone's will he d 
not in 1695, as above stated, but in 1659 or 1660, 
see above.) Elizabeth Stone could not have 
been a sister of Thomas Stone, Signer of the 
Declaration of Independence, for that event oc- 
curred in the following century. — Mrs. Ella F. 
O'Gonnan, 230 E St., N. E., Washington, D. C. 

9906b. McKissACK. — Isaac McKissack, b 
Sept., 1752, in Antrim, Ireland, m, 1790, Mary 

Cochran, b 1757, d 1834. They had a dau Eleanor, 

who m — Barnes. — Mrs. IV. N. Andreivs, 

Joplin, Mo. 

9953a. Blair. — Augusta Co. records (Chalk- 
ley Papers), Vol. 3, page 404, show deeds of 
James & Kitrin Blair, 144 acres south side of 
Middle River, to Hugh Doneghe for 65 pounds, 
Jan. 15, 1763. Also page 405, Nov. 12, 1763, sale 
of and by Hugh Donaghey & Elizabeth his w, 
to Alex. Blair; attest, Alex. Blair, Jr. Alex. 
Blair, Sr., m Jean Janney & had son James, pos- 
sibly the James who m " Kitrin." Other records 
collected privately indicate " Kitrin's " last name 
was King. Compare this data with will of Bryce 
(Brice) Blair, of York Co., Pa., Warrington 
Twp., who d 1782, " Will Book 9 P. C. York, 
Pa." W, Jenny, ch : Alex., John, Brice, James, 
Alary m Wm. Anderson, Anna m Abraham 
Lewis, Susanna m Henry Logan, Jane m James 
Logan, Eleanor, Barbara m James Anderson. 
The m names of Anna, Jane & Susanna are not 
shown in the will. Alex. Blair, Sr., w Jean 
Janney, was in Va. before 1740, son William bap. 
1741 ; see records of Rev. John Craig. The birth 
of James not shown, but if prior to 1741 he 
could have been the father of Ann Blair who m 
Wm. Anderson in 1779. See Chalkley Papers 
also for case of Anderson vs. Young. Deposi- 
tion of John Blair taken at Staunton, Va., July 4, 
1804, which says that " abt fifty years ago " 
James Blair built a cabin at or nr the mainspring 
of Naked Creek, etc. In 1783 reference to James 
Blair, son of Wm. Blair, of Naked Creek. See 
also Mar., 1787, Samuel Anderson vs. Wm. Blair, 
of Black Tavern, son of James Blair.^ — Dr. 
E. M. Hcistand-Moore, 1708 Race St., Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 


9974. Seavev. — Wanted, parentage with dates 
of Samuel Seavey, b 1799 in Saco, Me.. & m 
either Thankful Clark or Thankful Poole, b 
1801 in N. Y.— Wanted, gen of Thankful. 
— B. H. AI. 

9975. Rife. — Having the Rev rec of David 
Rife, of Lancaster Co., Pa., would like the names 
of his w and ch. — A. G. J. 

9976. Thornton. — Whom did Elizabeth, dau 
of Presley Thornton, aide-de-camp to Washing- 
ton, marry? — M. E. D. 

9977. Lawrence. — Wanted, parentage and 
names of the sisters & bros of Mary Lawrence, 

who m 1st Johnson, of Windsor, Conn., 

& 2d Stephen Rossiter, of Harwinton, Litchfield 
Co., Conn. Did her father have Rev rec? — - 
E. J. L. B. 

9978. Pomeroy. — Wanted, dates & Rev rec of 
Moses Pomeroy, of Northampton, Mass., who 
had son Meded, b Oct. 24, 1807. Would like 
proof of his death at Pittsfield Mass., Dec. 21, 
1844.— E. R. 

9979. Armstrong. — Wanted, parentage of 



Robert Armstrong, b Franklin Co., Pa., Mar. 22, 
1777. He had a bro Jeremiah. 

(a) Thompson. — Wanted, Rev rec of Alex- 
ander Thompson, who m Ruhamah Chapline. 

Their dau Sarah m Robert Armstrong. See above. 

(b) Wasson-McConahay. — Wanted, parent- 
age of Joseph Wasson, b Lancaster Co., Pa., 
1775. He m in 1800, Jane McConahay, b 1773, 
sister of Judge McConahay. Who was their 
father, & did he serve in the Rev? — W. C. M. 

9980. Cooper. — Wanted, gen of Samuel 
Cooper, of Saratoga Co., N. Y. His father 
served in Rev. 

(a) Chandler. — Wanted, information of 
Lucretia Chandler, her husband's given name, 
date of m, etc. — C. C. J. 

9981. Bristow-Elkins. — James Bristow m 
Delilah Elkins, issue: Elijah, Sally, Betty Abel. 
Second w Betty Clevenger. Wanted, dates of 
b & m of James & Delilah, parentage of Delilah 
Elkins, parentage & Rev service of James 
Bristow.— J. H. S. 

9982. Teller. — Wanted, parentage & gen of 
Tobias Teller, b 1745, d Oct. 30, 1834, m Isabella 
Neely, resided in Cortland Town, Westchester 
Co., N. Y. Served in Rev in 1776 as private in 
Capt. James Teller's, his bro co. Gen. Hoyt's 
Regt., & from Sept., 1777, was private in Capt. 
Hampton's Co. & was in Battle of Saratoga. 
He was a desc of Wm. Teller, Capt. of Fort 
Orange, merchant in New Amsterdam & an 
original patentee of Schenectady, N. Y. — 
M. R. R. 

9983. Alexander. — Wanted, parentage of 
Thomas Alexander, of Marlboro, Mass., who m 
Phoebe — in 1747. Ch : James, b Mar. 8, 
1748, moved to Maine; Jeduthan, b Sept. 5, 1751, 
was killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, 
1775 ; Phoebe, b Sept. 22, 1753 ; Jabez, b Aug. 22. 
1755, moved to Acworth, N. H., served in 
Stark's Brigade at Bennington. Wanted, also, 
family name of w of Thomas Alexander. — 
G. A. McF. 

9984. Kimmell. — Wanted, Rev ser of George 
Kimmell, son of Philip & Elizabeth Folson Kim- 
mell, b in Germany, Dec. 25, 1743, came to 
America 1755, m Juliance Ruby, of York, Pa., 
Aug., 1768, & settled at foot of Allegheny Mts., 
in what is now Somerset Co., Pa. — A. D. J. 

9985. Howard. — Wanted, Rev ser & any in- 
formation of ■ Howard, who with his 6 

sons served in Rev. The youngest, Elihu (?) 
was only 14, & was wounded in the leg. He later 
m Miss McCasten, of Lancaster, Pa. Their dau 
m Andrew Bonner, of Ireland, & lived in Ohio. 
Were these Howards from Md. ? — F. D. C. 

9986. Lee. — Wanted, parentage & their gen of 
James Lee, b 1750 in Va., m Mary Kinney or 
Kenney, enlisted in Rev War from 1776-1783 
from Stafford County, Virginia, & later 
moved to Logan County, Ohio. — J. M. M. 

9987. Seagardin-Segard. — Wanted, gen & 
any information of the family of George Sea- 
gardin, who m Elizabeth Dice & lived in Pa., 
moved to Indiana abt 1860. He had a bro Dave, 
who moved to 111. & his desc spell the name 
Segard. — F. S. 

9988. McMillan.— Wanted, gen & any infor- 
mation of Alexander McMillan, who had a dau 
Christena who m James Cummings, lived in 
Fayette Co., Pa., later moving to Ohio, where 
the)- d. 

(a) Cummings. — Alexander Cummings, b 
Co. Antrim, Ireland, came to America abt 1770, 
& after the Rev m Jane Livingstone, of York 
(Little York), Pa. Their graves are near Mill 
Run, Pa. Would like to correspond with some 
one interested in this line who lives near York. 

(b) Simpson-Drake. — John Simpson m 
Sarah Carle, & their son m Susan Drake. 
Wanted, Rev ser of John Simpson or of the 
father of Susan. Did Susan have Mayflozver 
ancestry ? 

(c) Swaine-Sayre.— Matthias & Catherine 
Swaine had dau Jane, who m Isaac, son of Isaac 
Sayre, b in Southampton. Wanted, any Rev ser 
in these lines. — A. B. C. 

9989. Shelby. — Wanted, dates & name of w 
of Major Evan Shelby, of Mecklenburg Co., 
N. C. ; also names of their ch. One dau, Eleanor, 

m Polk. Wanted, her dates also. — 

V. L. C. 

9990. Smith. — Wanted, parentage of Thomas 
Smith, 1735-1808; he lived at Pownal, Vt., & d 
in Saratoga Co., N. Y., m Mary, 1723-1822, who 
d Saratoga Co., N. Y. Wanted, her maiden 
name & gen. Their ch : Jerusha m Soloman 
Taylor ; Nessie m Thos. Stillwell ; Maria m 
Abel Dunning ; Catherine m Isaiah Fuller ; a dau 
m • Ladow ; Samuel, Thos., Jr. 

(a) Shipman. — Jonathan Shipman, of Glas- 
tonbury, Conn., Walpole, N. H.. & Hartland, 
Conn., m Dec. 5, 1748, Abigail Fox. Wanted, 
parentage of Abigail. 

(b) Jones.— Sally Jones, 1780-1861, m 1801, 
Hermon Ruloffson (Rulison) near Esperance, 
Schoharie Co., N. Y. Wanted, place of birth & 
parentage of Sally. 

(c) Babcock. — Wanted, date of death of 
James Babcock, who m, 1730, Phebe Swan, 
Westerly, R. I. Ch : James, Elias, Abel, Tvlartha, 
Phebe & Sarah, who m Col. George Irish. 

(d) Schneider. — Wanted, parentage & date 
of birth of Magdalena Schneider, who m abt 
1754 Isaac Elwood, b Minden, N. Y. 

(e) Hendricks. — Wanted, parentage of 
Catherine Hendricks, who m, 1785, Cornelius 
Van Wormer, of Greene Co., N. Y., & lived in 
Durham, N. Y. 

(f) Wright. — Wanted, name of 1st w of 
Ephraim Wright, Jr., b 1735, Lebanon, Conn., 



had son Bildad, b 1768. His 2d w, Olive Reeves, 
of Hartland, Conn., he m in 1777.— E. V. B. 

9991. GooDSPEED. — Wanted, parentage of 
Mercy Goodspeed, who m Jonathan Austin, Rev 
soldier, of Charlestown, R. I. 

(a) Kidney. — Wanted, parentage of Betsey 

& Thomas Kidney, b in Dutchess Co., 

N. Y.— R. M. A. 

9992. GAGE.^Wanted, parentage of Charlotte 
Gage, b Pittstown, N. Y., Apr. 22, 1787, d 
Pompey, N. Y., Oct. 20, 1879, m June 15, 1806, 
at Pittstown, Israel Sloan, Jr., moved to Pompey, 
N. Y., 1807, where he d Nov. 18, 1855. Ch : 
Warren Daniel, b Pittstown, May 17, 1807; 
Allen Carr, b Pompey, May 14, 1809; Gilbert, b 
1811; Harriet b 1817; Clarinda b 1821; Rebecca 
b 1828.— O. H. L. 

9993. Rice. — Wanted, parentage & gen of 
Mary Rice, who m in Hanover Co., Va., James 
Garland, b 1722. Their dau Mary Garland, b 
1760, m James Woods.— L. M. 

9994. Gilliam. — Wanted, Rev rec of Epaphro- 
ditus Gilliam, who was b near Williamsburg, 
Va., & removed to N. C. He was desc from 
John Gilliam, one of the Gilliam bros, who came 
to Virginia in 1635 aboard the Constance. — 
L. G. A. 

9995. Ross. — William Ross m Sophie Ubese- 
rean at Elizabethtown, N. J., 1790. Wanted, 
dates of Wm. & Rev rec of his father. 

(a) Norton. — Wanted, dates & name of w 
of Benjamin Norton, of Stockbridge, Mass. Did 
he have Rev rec? Their sons were Abel, Henry 
& Isaac— L. P. 

9996. HosKiNS. — Wanted, parentage & gen of 
Elizabeth Hoskins or Hopkins, of Windsor, 
Conn., who m in 1723, Samuel Allyn, of Windsor, 
Conn., whose will was probated 1742. See Man- 
waring's Probate Records. Was she a desc of 
Peter Brown who came over in the Maxfloivcr? 
— D. B. A. 

9997. Knowles. — Wanted, given name & 
dates of the son of John Knowles, who was the 
father of Consider Fuller Knowles, b 1810, in 
Harmony, Me., & d in 1863.— G. McC. 

9998. Daniels. — •" Samuel Daniels, of Leister, 
Vt, was killed in a skirmish 1777 by a band of 
Indians, led by a British officer." Could this have 
been the Samuel Daniels, of Leister, Mass., 
whose w was Abigail Pinkham? Wanted, any 
information of this Samuel Daniels. — C. F. R. 

9999. Ashley. — Wanted, Rev record of 
Jonathan Ashley, of Westfield, Mass., who m 
Abigail Stebbins. Their dau m Ensign Josiah 
Pomeroy, d 1790.— C. E. R. 

10000. Morris. — Wanted, parentage of Wm. 
Morris, who m Hannah Newell, of Providence, 
R. I. He had a bro Jesse, who m Hulda Collens, 
of Conn., & moved to Ohio. 

(a) Sharp. — Wanted, parentage of Rebecca 

Sharp, b 1764, probablv in Philadelphia. — 
M. E. M. 

10001. — Wilson-Fox-Plum. — Peter Wilson m 
Eleanor McKinney, & their son John M. Wilson, 
b Aug. 11, 1811, m Mar. 13, 1834, Elizabeth, dau 
of Joseph & Mary Fox Plum, b Aug. 30, 1815. 
Wanted, gen & Rev rec of Peter Wilson & 
Joseph Plum. 

(a) Lindaberry-Landers. — Harbert Linda- 
berry, b 1790, d 1874, said to have come from 
Pa. to N. J., m Elizabeth Landers. Wanted, 
gen of both families, including Rev rec. — S. E.H. 

10002. Updegraff. — Wanted, parentage & any 
information of Joseph & David Updegraff, twins, 
b near Pittsburgh, Pa., 1801. David supposed 
to have been a drummer in War of 1812, moved 
to Wilkes Co., Ga., & m Elizabeth Ragland 
Arnold, June 5, 1823. Ch, among others, Mar- 
garet Elizabeth Updegraff. b Feb. 14, 1829, who 
m Joseph Mark Hoard, Feb. 12, 1846. Would 
like to correspond with any of Joseph's desc. 

(a) Arnold. — Wanted, gen of James Arnold, 
b in Va., served in Rev & honorably discharged 
with rank of corporal, m Elizabeth Strouds, 
supposedly in Elizabeth City, N. C, abt 1788. 
Their fifth child, Elizabeth Ragland Arnold, 
born November 14, 1804, m David Updegraff. 
— E. R. H. K. 

10003. BisHOP-WixcHELL. — Asa Bishop m Re- 
becca, dau of Stephen & Mary Rouse Winchell. 
Their son Peter, b abt 1779, on Estate of Nine 
Partners, Dutchess Co., N. Y., m Mary (?) 
Wanted, her name & dates. Wanted, also, gen 
of Mary Rouse, w of Asa Bishop. 

(a) Hall. — Wanted, ancestry of Salome Hall, 
who m Joseph Swetland in Kent, Conn., 1785. 

(b) Hutton-Miller. — Thomas Hutton came 
from Ireland 1723, his son Nehemiah m Sarah, 
dau of John Miller, of New Garden Twp., Ches- 
ter Co., Pa. Wanted, Miller gen. Nehemiah 
Hutton's son James m Nov. 17, 1757, Hannah, 
dau of Anthony & Mary Lee, of Oley, Pa. 
Wanted, dates of b & d of Nehemiah & James 

(c) Hughes. — Hugh, son of Morgan Hughes, 
m Mary, dau of James & Hannah Sutton, in 
1780 & d in 1838, & is buried at Catawissa 
Friends Meeting Ground, Pa. Wanted, dates of 
b & d of Mary Hughes Hutton.— E. B. 

10004. Barber.— Nathaniel Barber, b 1760, m 
1784, Ann Watson in Trenton, N. J. Wanted, 
parentage & place of birth of Nathaniel. — S. B. J. 

9965. Cole.— Wanted, dates of b, d & m of 
John Cole, Sr., & his w Jane Stuart. Did he 
have Rev ser? Their son John, b 1796, d 1871, 
m Aug. 1, 1816. in Greene Co., Ky., Susannah 
Duke, b Apr. 12, 1799, d Dec. 30, 1865. 

(a) Duke-Miller. — Daniel Duke, b 1825, 
Ky. m Eliz. Miller of Carolina. She had bros 
Christopher, William, Henry. Wanted, any data 
of Daniel Duke or the Miller family.— H. B. H. 




In this Honor Roll the Ust of membership in each State is shown in the 

outer rim, and the list of subscribers according to States is m the mner circle 



The Magazine also has subscribers in 


New York, at this date of publication, 
leads all States with 1261 subscribers 


To Insure Accuracy in the Reading of Names and Promptness in Publication 
Chapter Reports must be Typewritten EDITOR- 

^^ ^7^ 

Philip Livingston Chapter (Howell, Mich.) 
has just completed a successful year's work. 

The Chapter adopted a French orphan boy 
May 17, 1919, Glaciere Rosendale Parpex, nine 
years old, and is still caring for him. He writes 
very interesting letters. 

September 13, 1920, the opening day for the 
new year, Mrs. William McP. Spencer gave a 
review of the play " Abraham Lincoln," by 
Frank McGlynn. Mrs. Spencer witnessed the 
play in New York City during the early summer. 

At the October meeting the campaign of 1860 
(Lincoln's campaign) was compared with the 
campaign of 1920, and many striking resem- 
blances noted. 

" The South from a Southern Standpoint " was 
the subject of an excellent paper given by Mrs. 

B. F. Cain, who spends her winters in the South 
and gets her facts first-hand. 

The November meeting was largely given over 
to reports from the State Conference, held in 
Grand Rapids, October 5th-7th. 

The Conference was a notable one, as we had 
as guests of honor Mrs. George Maynard Minor, 
President General; Mrs. John L. Buel, State 
Regent of Connecticut, and our own Mrs. Wm. 
Henry Wait, Vice President General from 
Michigan. The Conference was one of inspira- 
tion from start to finish. Mrs. Alinor's address, 
Mrs. Duel's and that of Mrs. Wait were espe- 
cially fine and patriotic. 

Our Chapter has a membership of 45, ]Mrs. 

C. E. Gough, Regent. Two of our members, 
Mrs. Huntington and Mrs. Cain, have seven 
ancestral bars and have just received their May- 
floivcr insignia, and also have five coats-of-arms. 

(Mrs. Geo.) Augusta D. Barnes, 


Ellen I. Sanger Chapter (Littleton, N. H.), 
though the members are few in number, still 
has life. 

We have now 17 niembers and the resi- 
dent members are all interested in the Chapter. 

During the winter of 1919 and 1920 we held 
six meetings, most of them with Mrs. F. E. 
Green, who is the daughter of Mrs. T. E. Sanger, 
our first Regent, who held the office for 10 years, 


or during her life. Mrs. Green is an invalid and 
confined to a wheel chair. 

Since our last writing we have given to the 
Martha Berry School, $30.26; to the Red Cross 
War Fund, $5 ; to the United War Fund, $5 ; to 
the Sarah Guernsey Scholarship, 85 cents. 
Caroline F. Page, 


Rebecca Weston Chapter (Dexter, Me.) 
aided in the celebration of Armistice Day, 1920, 
by unveiling a boulder to mark the site of the 
first dwelling erected in the town. The Edward 
J. Poulliot Post of the American Legion and the 
members of the D.A.R., led by the Fay and 
Scott Band, marched to the lot, which is now 
owned by J. Willis Crosby, the members of 
Rebecca Weston Chapter marching up the hill- 
side and forming a semicircle back of the tablet. 
After the music and invocation, Mrs. J. Willis 
Crosby, Regent of the Chapter, delivered the 
following address : 

" This year of 1920 is a notable one. The 
tercentenary anniversary of the landing of the 
Pilgrims on our shores is being celebrated 
throughout New England. This year also marks 
the centennial of the independence of our beloved 
State of Maine. So it seems most fitting that 
we observe at this time some historic facts of 
our own town of Dexter. 

" Because of our many patriotic sons who of- 
fered their services to their country in the Civil 
War, later in the Spanish-American War, and 
more recently the W'orld War, it seems eminently 
fitting that we, the Daughters of the American 
Revolution, direct descendants of the heroes of 
the Revolution, should unite with the boys 
of the American Legion in the observance 
of Armistice Day. 

" We are to unveil a tablet marking the site of 
the first dwelling in Dexter, and there is a bit of 
most interesting history connected with it. In 
1794, James Bridge, of Augusta, purchased from 
the Commonwealth of Alassachusetts the present 
township of Dexter. He soon sold it to Charles 
\^aughn, who was acting for a company in 
Massachusetts. Vaughn was unable to meet the 
conditions involved in the purchase of this land. 



and Dexter passed through several hands before 
Andrew Cragie, of Cambridge, Alass., purchased 
and induced settlements upon it. 

" During the year 1800, Cragie sent Samuel 
Elkins from Cornville to locate a suitable s!te 
for a mill. He chose the outlet of the body of 
water which was later named Lake Wassookeag, 
and began at once to hew timber for the struc- 
ture. The mill proved an attraction, for the 
same year Ebenezer Small and John Tucker came 
here to secure locations for future homes. Air. 
Small made a clearing, put up a log cabin, and 
raised a crop of corn. The next spring he re- 
turned to New Hampshire for his wife. There 
was no road further than Harmony, so with 
necessary household goods loaded on a handsled 
and with Mrs. Small seated on top, they con- 
tinued their journey. There was not even a foot- 
path to guide them through the forest, and it was 
with great difficulty that they found their way. 
by means of blazed trees, and at last reached 
their destination. 

" The hardships endured by these early settlers 
seem almost incredible. At one time food was 
so scarce that people travelled forty miles, on 
horseback, to Norridgewock, and bought corn 
for $2 per bushel, and a certain young man went 
to Athens to work in a hayfield for a peck of 
corn a day. 

" The contrast between those early days and 
the present is great. To-day the town of Dexter is 
beautiful, with its picturesque scenery of hill and 
dale, lake and stream, wooded hills, shady streets, 
its many churches and educational institutions, 
varied business enterprises, and fine residences, 
with their well-kept lawns and shrubbery, and 
fine farms, of which we are justly proud. And 
here in the shadow of these venerable and stately 
elms, we, the members of Rebecca Weston 
Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, 
take pleasure in unveiling this boulder with in- 
scribed tablet, marking the site of the first dwell- 
ing in Dexter, and we dedicate it to the memory 
of Mr. and Mrs. Small, who so bravely faced 
the dangers and hardships of pioneer life." 
(Mrs.) Annie M. Briry, 


Liberty Bell Chapter (ATlentown, Pa.) In 
presenting the twenty-eighth annual report of 
Liberty Bell Chapter I am glad to report con- 
tinued interest, loyalty and progress. 

Ninety-four members are enrolled; among the 
number are seven life members and five charter 
members. One member was transferred to an- 
other chapter in the state. Four C. A. R. were 
transferred into Liberty Bell Chapter. 

The Chapter has 47 subscribers to the Daugh- 
ters OF THE American Revolution Magazine. 
Seventeen members of Liberty Bell Chapter are 
represented on the various State Committees. 

Financial contributions were made as follows : 

Lora Haines Cook Scholarship $8.90 

Sarah Elizabeth Guernsey Scholarship . . 15.00 

Valley Forge Historical Society 50.00 

Americanization 55.58 

Second Pledge to Liberty Bond 25.00 

Prizes, medals ( for patriotic essays) .... 45.12 
Sandwich Tray (Banquet Hall, Continental 

Hall) 25.00 

French Orphan 36.50 

Testimonial to Miss Mary I. Stille 25.00 

Books— Flowers 38.00 

To instill interest and promote patriotism, the 
Chapter offered medals and prizes of gold to 
Cedar Crest College, Allentown, Allentown Prep 
School, and Bethlehem High School. 

The Americanization Committee has worked 
faithfully during the year with the George 
Washington Club. Sons of the Republic. The 
Chapter will continue Americanization work 
with this club for the coming year. 

Eight members of the Chapter read at meet- 
ings the history of their Revolutionary ancestors, 
with direct line of descent. 

On October 19, 1919, Liberty Bell Chapter 
held memorial services at Walbert's Station, 
Lehigh County, Pa., in the Jordan Ref. Ceme- 
tery, at the monument erected to the memory of 
the Revolutionary soldiers, soldiers of 1812, and 
Civil War Veterans. The Regent presided. His- 
toric sketches were read by descendants of the 
two Revolutionary soldiers — Peter Gross and 
John Mosser — whose graves had been marked 
on October 13, 1919, with the official D.A.R. 
marker by Mrs. F. O. Ritter (Regent at 
the time). 

The following are the items of work, summar- 
izing the work of the Historian during the year : 

The Historian made a record of tombstones 
of the old graveyard at Dryland Church, Heck- 
town, Northampton County, Pa. The record 
contains 548 names, with birth, death and many 
marriage records. Oldest birth record 1700, and 
oldest death record 1769. Many Revolutionary 
soldiers' graves were located and an effort is 
being made to mark as many as possible with 
D.A.R. markers. One copy of the records was 
presented to the Dryland Church, Hecktown, Pa., 
and one copy to the Northampton County His- 
torical Society, Easton, Pa. 

The Historian placed in the archives of the 
Chapter her first official scrap-book. She also 
presented " War Scrap-book " and a card of his- 
torical buttons used during the World War. She 
procured for the Chapter a booklet, " The French 
War Memorial," published and presented by 
France as a tribute to American soldiers who 
served overseas. 

Ten Revolutionary patriots' graves were 



marked by the Chapter during the year. On 
September 1. 1920, the graves of Valentine Ane- 
walt, Conrad Kreider and Philip Drumm were 
marked at Stone Church, Northampton County, 
Pa. On September 26, 1920, the graves of Johan 
Kemerer, Peter Dreisbach, Philip Frankenfield, 
Daniel Ritter, Michael Boyer, William Johnson 
and Johan Heinrich Beck were marked at 
Dryland Church, Hecktown, Northampton 
County, Pa. 

The annual meeting of the Chapter was held 
October 11, 1920. The Chapter during the year 
has been earnest, faithful and devoted to the 
principles of this great organization. 

MiXA L. VON Steuben, 

Ellicott Chapter (Falconer, N. Y.). It is a 
privilege and a pleasure to present a brief 
resume of the accomplishments and activities of 
Ellicott Chapter for the year 1919-1920. 

Our membership is 38. Nine regular and two 
special meetings have been held, and the celebra- 
tion of " Charter Day," March 12th, instituted 
with a delightful banquet. There was also 
special recognition of Washington's Birthday 
and Flag Day. As usual, the graves of soldiers 
of 1776 and 1812 were decorated by a committee 
of the Chapter. Three memorial trees were 
reset and markers placed for all. A beautiful 
satin banner was purchased and presented to the 
local post of the American Legion. The Chapter 
continued the support of its French orphan, to 
whom a Christmas box was also sent. Ten 
dollars was contributed to the fund for Near 
East Relief, and $10 to the D.A.R. fund for 
training teachers for Americanization work. 

Most outstanding of the year's accomplish- 
ments has been the interest aroused in local 
Americanization work. At the call of the local 
D. A. R. Chapter, a public meeting was held, an 
Americanization League formed, and coopera- 
tion of other village societies secured. Under 
the direction of this league a night school was 
instituted and mothers' clubs and neighborhood 
classes held. 

In May the Chapter joined with the local 
W. C. T. U. in producing a pageant, most suc- 
cessful socially, artistically and financially, for 
the benefit of the Americanization League. 

The Chapter feels indebted for the success of 
the year just passed, to the untiring devotion of 
our Regent, her splendid personality and the 
loyal cooperation of the members. 

Gertrude E. Mosher, 


Chief Ignace Chapter (Kalispell, Mont.). 
We are soon to celebrate our fourth anniversary 
and feel that our Magazine should hear from us. 

First, we are named Chief Ignace Chapter in 
honor of the Chiefs Ignace — three generations 
of them — who were active in the uplift of their 
race in our community. The last chief died only 
a few years ago. These Indians were named for 
Father Ignace, the first white missionary who 
worked among the Indians. He came to the 
Iroquois of Eastern Canada in the early part of 
the Seventeenth Century. Indians from that 
tribe later migrated to our valley and carried the 
Faith to the Indians here. 

The organization of our Chapter on Febru- 
ary 15, 1917, was possible principally through 
the untiring efforts of our Organizing Regent, 
Mrs. Blanche Switzer, who has since b;en our 
Registrar. The membership at that time was 15 
and was in our by-laws limited to 30, as more 
could not be entertained in our homes, where the 
meetings are held. We have now 29 members. 

Our first year's work was devoted to Montana 
histor}', and special commemorative days were 
observed. Our Red Cross work has been mostly 
individual, but all our members were active 
workers, and a few were in active leadership. 

As a chapter, we helped toward the French 
village fund ; donated knitted garments for our 
navy ; paid $1 per capita toward the D. A. R. 
$100,000 Third Liberty Loan Bond, and we 
bought one $50 bond in the Fourth Liberty Loan. 

In 1918 at the school children's county fair we 
conducted two tag days, which brought $500 to 
our local Red Cross. In 1919 we conducted one 
tag day, which brought $108 to our general relief 
fund. During one influenza epidemic we col- 
lected a large amount of jelly, which was given 
to the emergency hospital. 

In February, 1920, an elaborate program and 
banquet was planned for our own Tuscanian 
survivors (there are 13 in our county), but 
because of another outbreak of influenza, the 
plan had to be abandoned. 

In November of last year, to stimulate interest 
in Colonial history. Doctor Hillis' two Puritan 
lectures, stereopticon, were presented, each one 
twice, and read by one of our members. 

Our programs this year have been simple, but 
we plan to do more next year. We are now ar- 
ranging a party for the purpose of replenishing 
our treasury and of advertising our Chapter. 

Our first Regent was Mrs. F. H. Johnson, 
who has since become a resident of Helena, and 
our present Regent is Mrs. James A. Coram. 
(Mrs. T. H.) Nell Gill MacDonald, 


Washington Heights Chapter (New York, 

N. Y.) honored the memory of a Revolutionary 
soldier by marking his last resting-place. This 
is the fourth grave of a patriot rescued by the 
Chapter from obscurity and restored to a place of 
honor in the official records of the Government. 



On a narrow strip of land located at Fort Ann, 
between the state highway and the railroad, with 
the Barge canal running closely parallel, stand 
two solitary tombstones. 
I Some years ago this particular locality was a 

large farm in the possession of the Weller family, 
and when Dan Weller died, his wife directed that 
he be buried on a knoll a short distance opposite 
the house, so she could constantly see the grave 
from her bedroom window. The old home has 
disappeared, and a public highway intersects the 
farm, but it matters not to her, for she, too, lies 
buried on the knoll close by his side. 

If Dan Weller had not been a Revolutionary 
soldier, these tombstones would still remain neg- 
lected and forgotten, hidden as they have been 
these many years by a thick undergrowth of wild 
bushes and trees. 

A Daughter of the American Revolution re- 
cently hearing from an old villager about the 
probability of a soldier's grave in the vicinity 
besought her husband. Prof. Frederick M. 
Pedersen, of the College of the City of New 
York, to investigate. To the astonishment of 
onlookers when excavated the marble slabs ap- 
peared as white, and the old inscriptions as 
distinct as if the interments were made 
but yesterday. 

Dan Weller 

A Soldier of the Revolution 

Born May 19, 1760 

Died June 9, 1829 

Lucinda Treat 

Wife of Dan Weller 

Born Dec. 22, 1762 

Died Sept. 23, 1852 

Professor Pedersen pursued his investigation 
to the records at Washington, D. C, and also 
made further efforts to discover living descend- 
ants, whom he succeeded in locating at Fort Ann, 
Glens Falls and elsewhere. With them he ar- 
ranged a day for honoring their patriot ances- 
tors. The Society of the Sons of the Revolution, 
satisfied as to the authenticity of the soldier's 
record, furnished Washington Heights Chapter 
with one of their bronze markers, properly in- 
scribed, which was unveiled at the grave Satur- 
day, August 14th, by Mrs. Laura Adams, 
eighty-three years old, a granddaughter of Dan 
Weller. The Rev. Edward AI. Parrott, Rector 
of St. James Church, Lake George, delivered the 
invocation, asking for a blessing on our country 
in the present perturbed condition, and for a 
revival of the humble faith and simple patriotism 
of our forefathers. Professor Pedersen then fol- 
lowed with an account of the soldier's record, 
enumerating the various battles in which he 
fought for America's independence. He enlisted 
January, 1776, as a private when only 16, under 

Capt. John McKinstry in Colonel Patterson's 
famous regiment from Western Massachusetts. 
It was at the siege of Boston in May, 1776, that 
the regiment was ordered to Canada and was 
for a time at Montreal, whence it marched to 
New Jersey in the autumn of 1776, arriving in 
time to take part in the Battle of Trenton and of 
Princeton. In October, 1777, our soldier fought 
under Colonel Patterson at Saratoga, and in 
May, 1781, he was a sergeant under Captain 
Wells in a Massachusetts regiment. In April, 
1782, and December, 1783, he was under Capt. 
Peter Cleyes, the 6th Massachusetts Regi- 
ment, commanded by Colonel Tupper. Later 
on he became a corporal in the 2nd Massachu- 
setts Regiment under Capt. Ebenezer Sproat, of 
Colonel Patterson's regiment. 

As the Regent of the Chapter, Mrs. Samuel J. 
Kramer, who resides at Pelham, N. Y., could 
not attend the ceremony, she requested Mrs. H. 
Croswell Tuttle, of Lake George, to represent 
her. Mrs. Tuttle stated as an important feature 
of the celebration that the location of Dan 
Weller's grave would now be placed on record 
in the Congressional Library, which has re- 
quested the D.A.R. to find and mark the graves 
of Revolutionary soldiers. 

The descendants who attended the ceremony 
were: Mrs. Laura Adams, granddaughter ; Mrs. 
Catharine Mason and Miss Elizabeth Crosby, 
great-granddaughters ; Miss Jessie Mason, Mrs. 
Burniere Taylor, Miss Irene Weller and Miss 
Nellie Weller, great-great-granddaughters ; 
Gladys Taylor, age three months, great-great- 
great-granddaughter ; and Mr. A. Eugene 
Mason, great-great-grandson. 

Mrs. H. Croswell Tuttle, 


Barbara Standish Chapter (Hoopeston, 
111.) accomplished an object dear to the heart 
of our retiring Regent, ]Mrs. E. J. Boorde, when 
we met to dedicate the marker on the Hubbard 
trail, now the Dixie Highway, September 24, 
1920, American Indian Day. 

Our Chapter members and their guests, in- 
cluding the speakers of the day, among them 
our State Regent, Airs. H. E. Chubbuck, of 
Peoria, were entertained at luncheon at the home 
of Mrs. Boorde, after which they were taken 
to the scene of the dedication by automobiles. 
The marker was erected at a point on the Dixie 
Highway west of McFerren Park. 

The following account of the exercises is taken 
from the Hoopeston Chronicle: 

" The dedication of the marker on Hubbard 
Trail, the origin of the Dixie Highway, at 
AIcFerren Park, was a notable event in the his- 
tory of this section of the country. 

" The marker is a great granite boulder, 
donated by Charles R. Finley, of the Meadow- 



brook Farm. In the upper left-hand corner of 
the tablet is the emblem of the D.A.R., and 
the following inscription is in raised letters : 

Dixie Highway 

The Original Hubbard Trail 

Erected by 

Barbara Standish Chapter 

Daughters American Revolution 

Hoopeston, 111. 


" At 3.30 o'clock the Regent, Mrs. E. J. 
Boorde, called the assemblage to order and Rev. 
Harvey H. Hoyt, 
of the Univer- 
s a 11 s t Church, 
offered an in- 
vocation. Mrs. 
Boorde, in a 
short address, 
explained the 
history and the 
objects of the 
Daughters o f 
the American 
Revolution, and 
introduced Mrs. 
H. E. Chubbuck, 
State Regent. 
Mrs. Chubbuck 
read an inter- 
esting paper on 
the aims and ob- 
jects of the or- 
ganization, in 
which she of- 
fered some valu- 
able suggestions 
as to the conduct 
of the local chap- 
ters, and spoke 
of the far-reach- 
ing effect of the 
ratification o f 
the Nineteenth 
Amendment to 

the Federal Constitution, which has made 
women equal citizens of the commonwealth 
and nation. Mrs. Boorde then introduced 
Miss Lotte E. Jones, of Danville, who gave 
many interesting historical incidents of the 
Hubbard Trail and its connection with the 
Dixie Highway, and of Gordon S. Hubbard's 
life history, after which Mrs. Mary C. Lee, of 
Champaign, was introduced, whose address 
was ' Americanization.' 

" Mrs. Boorde, in the name of Barbara Stan- 
dish Chapter, then presented the marker to th; 
public, and Miss Eleanor Kent Williams, daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. James A. Williams and a 

D 1 .\ 1 K H 1 G H V\ .A V I A H L H r 


lineal descendant of Betsy Ross, who made the 
first American flag, pulled the silken cord that 
removed the flag covering the tablet. The act 
was greeted with applause and cheers and the 
dedication was complete, marking an interesting 
incident in the annals of local history." 

(Mrs. J. F.) Fannie Griggs Tilton, 


Lucy Knox Chapter (Gloucester, Alass.), 
one of the oldest in the state, having been or- 
ganized in 1895, observed its twenty-fifth anni- 
versary October 18, 1920, at the home of the 

Regent, Mrs. 

^ ■^'^. I Frank D. Grift^n. 

The meeting 
was largely at- 
tended and proved 
to be a very pleas- 
ant and interest- 
ing event. The 
rooms were pret- 
t i 1 v decorated 
with flowers and 
flags, besides the 
Chapter's serv- 
ice flag. 

Delegates were 
chosen to repre- 
sent the Chapter 
at the State Con- 
ference, to be 
held at Worces- 
ter, and it was 
announced that 
Mrs. Shumway, 
t h e State Re- 
gent, would be 
entertained a t 
the meeting on 
December 14th. 
The twenty- 
fifth anniversary 
of Lucy Knox 
Chapter was ap- 
propriately ob- 
served, and Miss Marietta M. Wonson, 
Chapter Historian, read a most interesting 
paper on " Lucy Knox," for whom the Chap- 
ter is named. 

The Lucy Knox Chapter was organized by 
Mrs. Charles M. Green, and it was voted to send 
a donation to Dr. Charles M. Green, treasurer 
of the fund, to restore the Royal House of Med- 
ford, Mass., where a memorial would be placed 
in honor of Mrs. Green. It is important to note 
in performing this work a double object is ac- 
complished, that of restoring the Old Slave 
Quarters in a famous historic house, besides 
giving recognition to one of the first State 



Regents to organize chapters, a loyal D.A.R. 
and an earnest worker in our Society in its 
early days. It is desired that this be a free- 
will offering of those who knew Mrs. Green or 
from the chapter treasury, each chapter to decide 
upon its own action. The Chapter has contrib- 
uted to various patriotic objects. 

AIarietta M. Woxsox, 


Nancy Ward Chapter (Chattanooga, Tenn.) 
has 67 members, several of whom are non- 

The year's work, under the leadership of the 
Regent, Airs. I. D. Steele, has been most suc- 
cessful. The Regent also serves on the State 
Board in the capacity of Chaplain. In response 
to a letter from the National Society, an accurate 
record of all members and their national num- 
bers was compiled and sent to the State Regent 
to be used in the reference files of the Society. 

At the December meeting it was voted to place 
the Daughters of the American Revolution 
Magazine in the Public Library. 

Nancy Ward Chapter has paid its 75 cents per 
capita for establishing and maintaining a Chair 
of History in the University of Tennessee. A $100 
scholarship was given to the Lincoln Memorial 
University near Cumberland Gap. This school is 
for mountain girls and boys. Five dollars was 
sent to the Martha Berry School, near Rome, Ga. 
Chapter members responded 100 per cent, to the 
Red Cross Christmas Roll Call. Two French 
war orphans have been supported by the Chapter 
and letters written and received regularly. 
Christmas boxes containing many useful articles 
have been sent them each year. An Armenian 
orphan was adopted at the May meeting. 
Nancy Ward Chapter has the distinction of 
having adopted the first French war orphan 
in Tennessee. 

Flag Day was observed with more than usual 
interest, the Chapter members being the guests 
of Mrs. George W. Nixon. A special program 
was given, consisting of patriotic addresses, one 
of which was delivered by a young veteran of 
the World War, Major Phil Whitaker. Later, 
on the lawn, an impressive salute to the flag 
was given. As the flag was unfurled, and its 
folds caught by the wind, little Miss Josephine 
Harriett Smith gave the salute. All stood at 
attention and sang " The Star-Spangled Banner." 
The flag used on this occasion was presented to 
the Chapter by Admiral Cleaves, a cousin of one 
of the members. A social time was enjoyed and 
refreshments served. 

Chapter members cooperated in giving a recep- 
tion to General Pershing on his visit to Chatta- 
nooga. The affair was given at the Golf and 
Country Club, and several hundred people were 

present. The officers of the three chapters 
formed the receiving line. 

Believing it the duty of every D.A.R. mem- 
ber to emphasize the work in her own state, 
members of the Nancy \\'ard Chapter have 
turned their attention to the education and better- 
ment of conditions among the people of Tennes- 
see. Following instructions of the National 
Society and plans outlined by Mrs. Edwin 
Brown, State Secretary, and endorsed by the 
State Regent, Miss Mary B. Temple, the Chapter 
cooperated in carrying out a drive for funds 
to be used in the education of boys and girls. 

A " Tag Day " was inaugurated for this pur- 
pose, and the sum of $3141.40 was realized by 
the chapters from the sale of tags. This money 
goes to the Lincoln Alemorial University, at 
Harrogate, Tenn., near Cumberland Gap. 

Members of the Chapter assisted in collection 
of money in Chattanooga for the Roosevelt 
Memorial Fund. 

To stimulate interest among high-school stu- 
dents, the Chapter offered a silver loving cup, 
known as the " Nancy Ward Cup," for the best 
original patriotic oration. It is to be contested 
for yearly. The cup was won by a 15-year-old 
high-school girl. Her subject was the " League 
of Nations with Reservations." 

To further stimulate interest among school 
children Nancy Ward Chapter has offered a 
prize of $5 for the best paper on the life of 
Nancy Ward, known in history as the 
" Pocahontas of the West." 

Mrs. T. F. Walker and Mrs. D. A. Jewell, 
First and Second Vice Regents, represented the 
Chapter at the State Convention, which convened 
in Memphis in October, 1920. 

Mrs. Claude Smith, 
Recording Secretary. 

The Commodore Perry Chapter (Memphis, 
Tenn.), of which Airs. C. B. Bryan is Regent, 
added one more beautiful entertainment to its 
long list of attractive celebrations, when on De- 
cember 3, 1920, the members met at Hotel 
Gayoso to celebrate the tercentenary of the land- 
ing of the Pilgrims. 

Airs. Edwin Ross Washburn, chairman of the 
Entertainment Committee, arranged a most at- 
tractive program, in which the members of the 
Chapter, dressed in Pilgrim costume, took part. 
The nature of the entertainment was a " friendly 
meeting " at the home of Dame William 
Brewster, December 3, 1624, when events of the 
previous four years were discussed, in an im- 
promptu conversation. Airs. Washburn (Dame 
Brewster) acting as hostess, presenting the con- 
necting links for each speaker. 

The following members took part : Aliss 
Alary Pettus Thomas, representing Dame Wil- 
liam Bradford, appeared first on the program, 



her subject being " Attempts and Final Success 
in Leaving England." Mrs. F. S. Latham, rep- 
resenting Dame Edward Tillie, spoke on " Life 
in Amsterdam," after which Mrs. W. N. Jack- 
son, as Dame Edward Winslow, spoke on " Life 
in Leiden." " The First Thanksgiving " was 
given by Mrs. A. N. Martin, representing Dame 
Christopher Martin, and " Departure from Dels- 
haven " was the subject of Mrs. W. Phillips' 
talk, who represented Dame Stephen Hopkins. 
The singing of " How Firm a Foundation," led 
by Dame Hopkins (Mrs. Phillips) and Dame 
John Rigdale (Mrs. Edith Woodson), was fol- 
lowed by a talk on " Sailing of The Mayflozver 
from Old Plymouth," by Mrs. Edith Woodson as 
Dame John Rigdale. Mrs. W. W. Jeffries, rep- 
resenting Dame John Alden (Priscilla), spoke 
on " The Mayfloiver Compact," and Mrs. Lelia 
Shepherd Gay, as Mary Chilton, talked on 
" Landing at Plymouth," after which " Exploits 
of Myles Standish " was given by Mrs. Willis 
Hitzing, representing Dame Myles Standish. 

The program concluded with the reading of 
Alfred Noyes' poem, " The Mayfloiver," by Miss 
Dorothea Mathes, representing England, this 
being one of the most enjoyable numbers on the 
program. In response to this number, Mrs. 
H. M. Rhodes, representing America, gave a 
few appropriate remarks, after which the audi- 
ence joined in singing " America." 

The luncheon table was attractively decorated 
in an autumnal motif, the center of the table 
being marked with large pumpkins, from which 
radiated sprays of grape vines with its fruit, 
while autumn foliage and ears of corn added 
further to the effectiveness of the scene. Sim- 
plicity was the keynote of the decorative scheme 
as well as of the other details, and this was 
enhanced by the use of white candles in silver 
holders, which cast a soft glow upon the 
happy gathering. 

The success of the affair is due to the efforts 
of Mrs. Washburn, who proposed the celebra- 
tion, and the following members of the Chapter, 
who served on her committee : Mmes. J. J. 
Williams, J. Harvey Mathes, D. M. Biggs, Percy 
Fatten, Joseph Browne, Benton Ledbetter, Frank 
S. Latham, Lottie Ferryman, Mary Hunter 
Miller and Misses Mary Pettus Thomas and 
Virginia Proctor. 
(Mrs. Edwin Ross) 

Florence Woodson Washburn, 
Chairman of Entertainment Committee. 

Udolpha Miller Dorman Chapter (Clinton, 
Mo.) closed its year with a membership of 69. 
The December meeting was at the historic home 
of our Organizing Regent, Miss Emma Dorman, 
and Mrs. L. H. Phillips. Christmas greetings 
and stories were enjoyed by those present, after 

which the work of selling Red Cross Christmas 
seals was taken up. Our Christmas offering 
amounted to $15. In January the Chapter ob- 
served a Thrift Day. We were delighted to 
have with us Mrs. Olive Jennings Barcaffer, 
whose talk was much appreciated. 

Washington's Birthday was observed, as is our 
custom, at the Vice Regent's, Mrs. Finks, with 



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an open session. At the home of Mrs. C. A. 
Crome. in March, we had with us Reverend 
Rainey, who gave a very instructive talk on the 
Near East. " Important Work Being Done by 
Women of the Day" was the subject of a very 
interesting talk by Mrs. Walter Owens. 

Mrs. W. F. Hall opened her home for the 
health meeting in April. The Chapter gave a 
picture show at the high school ; also placed a 
year's subscription to the Daughters of the 
American Revolution Magazine in the school 
library. Stories of our ancestors, with memorial 
quotations, was the subject of the May meeting. 

Flag Day was observed with patriotic readings 
and recitations at the home of Mrs. J. L. Goss. 
In September an automobile trip was made to 
the country home of the Historian, Miss 
Mable Houdeshell. 

In October, Missouri Day is interesting to all. 
History of Missouri's admission as a state, and 
what the D.A.R. are doing in Missouri, and 
how D.A.R records are being kept by the 



Historian, Registrar and Treasurer of our Chap- 
ter was interestingly told. A bronze tablet, set 
on a granite slab, had been purchased by the 
Chapter to mark the site of the Historic Pioneer 
Church of Henry County. The Historic Com- 
mittee, Aliss Mable Houdeshell and Mrs. A. J. 
Swap, were appointed to locate the spot and place 
the marker on the foundation of the old fireplace. 
Our Thanksgiving meeting was held at Mrs. 
Will Dorman's home. After the work for the 
year, which had been so pleasant to all, was 
closed, election of officers was held. 

(Miss) Mable Houdeshell, 


General Lafayette Chapter (Atlantic City, 
N. J.). Board meetings are held each month 
except July and August and Chapter meetings 
held in February, April, ]May, October and 

Our expenditures for patriotic work, charitable 
enterprises and annual dues for the year 
total $517.30. 

General Lafayette Chapter and Century Chap- 
ter, U. S. Daughters of 1812, presented to the 
Y. W. C. A. an American flag. The presenta- 
tion was made with appropriate exercises New 
Year's Day, 1920, by ^Irs. Emily G. Shinn, who 
represented both chapters. 

Mrs. Emily S. Eisher, a member of the Revo- 
lutionary Relics Committee of this Chapter, has 
presented the N. S. D. A. R. Museum, Conti- 
nental Hall, with many valuable relics. 

Copies of the American's Creed have been 
distributed in the schools in Atlantic City and 
County. Our Chapter has adopted one French 
orphan, ^Madaliene Bernardine. 

Committees have attended the naturalization 
of foreigners in the Court House, Mays Land- 
ing, N. J., extending hospitality to our new citi- 
zens and presenting each with a small flag and 
copy of the American's Creed. 

Through the initial efforts of this Chapter, the 
D.A.R. of New Jersey became one of the 
founders of the new State College for Women at 
New Brunswick, N. J. 

Under the leadership of the present Regent, 
Mrs. M. V. B. Scull, the Chapter has fulfilled 
all its obligations, to both State and Na- 
tional Society. All patriotic appeals have met 
with a generous response, and now a strong pro- 
gram on Americanization, Patriotic Education 
and Thrift is being planned, cooperating with all 
organizations in fulfilling our duty to our Nation. 
(Mrs. Alfred Willl\ms) 

Emma White Ely, 


San Diego Chapter (San Diego, Calif.) 
closed a very interesting year June 14, 1920. 
The subject of the year was "The History of 

San Diego," which was divided into six periods. 
A lecture concerning each period was given by 
prominent lecturers. This year we have Ameri- 
canization for our work among the foreigners 
in our city. 

On December 12th we unveiled a bronze tablet 
at Old Town, marking the end of the Kearny 
Trail, on the spot where General Kearny and 
Commodore Stockton, then in possession of San 
Diego, met in December, 74 years ago. Rev. 
W. E. Crabtree opened the program with the 
invocation, after the Filipino Band, furnished by 
Captain Pratt, of the destroyer Force, had ren- 
dered a few selections. Mrs. Daniel S. La Mar, 
Regent of the Chapter, made a few introductory 
remarks, and then Mrs. W. S. Laidlaw, Past 
Regent and Chairman of the day's celebration, 
took charge. She introduced Col. Edward Lang- 
don, commanding Fort Rosecrans, who briefly 
outlined General Kearny's achievement. 

" General Kearny was in command of the first 
regiment of dragoons at Leavenworth when or- 
dered to organize an expedition to establish civil 
government in New Mexico and California. 
The naval officers on the west coast also re- 
ceived similar instructions, but the first intima- 
tion Kearny had of this was when a messenger 
from Commodore Stockton met him at Warner. 

" Word was conveyed to Kearny that a force 
of Mexicans was at San Pasqual and the General 
at once started there. The Mexicans met 
Kearny's advance guard and broke up the charge, 
killing Captain Johnson. The little force, re- 
duced in number because of the men sent back 
when word came that the country was con- 
quered, moved forward, and the Mexicans f^ed. 
The Americans pursued, and when the Mexicans 
reformed and turned, Kearny's men were forced 
to reform their ranks and make another stand. 
While this was being done, the Mexicans 

" Kearny rested at San Pasqual for a day and 
then moved to San Bernardino, where he was 
met by a detachment of men sent by Commo- 
dore Stockton. The Mexicans made an attempt 
to stampede the horses of the little army, but 
failed. After his arrival here, Kearny got word 
that the Alexicans had driven the Americans 
from Los Angeles and an expedition was formed 
to retake the place. The Mericans surrendered 
to the American forces. Kearny went north and 
then left for the East. Bodies of the men who 
laid down their lives at San Pasqual now rest 
in the government cemetery at Fort Rosecrans." 

Rear Admiral Roger Welles was the next 
speaker. He said in part : 

" With Kearny's expedition from Leavenworth 
to San Diego via Santa Fe, we come to that later 
stage of progress known as conquest. 

" In the accounts of General Kearny's march, 
it is told that he left Santa Fe for San Diego 



with about three hundred dragoons. A few days 
out he met the famous scout. Kit Carson, and 
was informed that the conquest of California 
was in the hands of Fremont, and that by the 
time Kearny arrived it would be over. Where- 
upon General Kearny sent back 200 of his men 
to Santa Fe and proceeded on what would to-day 
be considered a reconnaissance expedition. In 
those times, for that distance, over that country, 
it was an endurance test, punctuated by ex- 
haustion, thirst, hunger, sickness and suffering. 

" To-day, if it were necessary to make such a 
reconnaissance trip, it could be done in a De 
Haviland Four from Leavenworth to San Diego 
in ten hours by three men. If 100 men were 
needed, they could be carried comfortably in one 
of the latest type of rigid dirigibles, and there 
would be space for 50 tons of freight. 

" To the memory of this achievement which 
this tablet commemorates, we of to-day owe our 
allegiance and a consecrating of our best energies 
to make and keep this beautiful land, and by the 
unblemished testimonial of justice and right 
living, to voluntarily make of it a lasting testi- 
monial to the valor of Kearny and his men." 

Mrs. J. H. AlcCorkle, who has been active in 
D. A. R. circles, unveiled the monument. In- 
scribed on it are the words : " The End of the 
Kearny Trail, December 12, 1846. Alarked by 
San Diego Chapter, Daughters of the American 
Revolution, 1920." 

Of interest to San Diegoans and visitors were 
the remarks of Mrs. Horton, widow of the 
founder of Old Town. She told of the Old 
Town she knew, of its prominent men and inter- 
esting figures. 

Albert Smith, born here 65 years ago and 
whose father helped raise Fremont's flag at Old 
Town, witnessed the ceremony. 

Closing the commemorative exercises was the 
raising of the flag by Boy and Girl Scouts, and 
the rendition of the " Star-Spangled Banner " 
by the band. 

At our Pilgrim Tercentenary Celebration on 
December 27th, we gave a masque, entitled 
" Lighting of the Torch," by Fannie Buchanan. 
(Mrs. J. S.) Martha Draper Thompson, 


Brattleboro Chapter (Brattleboro, Vt.), 
under the efficient leadership of the retiring 
Regent, Mrs. L. E. Holden, has greatly pros- 
pered and attained the goal sought for in many 
lines. Our membership has reached 168, with 
several new members to enter soon. 

Through the efforts of several of our mem- 
bers and the cooperation of our Librarian, a 
reference room has been granted us at the Brooks 
Library, and we received a permanent loan of 
150 volumes of the Vital Statistics of Massa- 
chusetts from the Massachusetts State Library 

Association. We have completed our file of 
Lineage Books and placed them in this room. 
Alembers have been generous with loans or gifts 
of other books and several have been added to 
our list, besides one for the Vermont shelf at 
Washington. We have also started a file of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
Magazine, year books of our own Chapter and 
reports of our State Conferences. 

Copies of the United States Constitution have 
been placed in public places and a framed copy 
has been presented to our own American Legion 
Post. We also gave them a large silk legion flag 
and standard. A flag has also been purchased 
to replace one which our Chapter keeps floating 
over the site of old Fort Bridgman, which 
was marked b}' our Chapter in 1911 with a 
large boulder. 

Previous to Flag Day, the flag rules compiled 
by the Kansas Daughters were published in our 
local newspaper. Flag Day itself was observed 
by a public gathering in the evening, with music, 
tableaux by the school children, a short stereop- 
ticon address and community singing. 

During the winter the Chapter decided to 
publish, through the courtesy of the local news- 
paper, a series of historical pen sketches written 
by members of the Chapter and read at 
our gatherings. 

A large pme tree in our town, known as the 
" Kane Pine," has recently been nominated by 
our Chapter to a place in the " Hall of Fame 
for Trees," compiled by the American Forestry 
Association. We hope during the centenary year 
of Doctor Kane to mark the site of this tree 
with a fitting boulder and bronze tablet, and to 
plant in the near future a " Kane Pine Junior." 

The Chapter has continued marking the graves 
of Revolutionary soldiers in this vicinity, having 
marked 197 to date, and among them are the 
graves of the grandfather of a President of the 
United States — Rutherford B. Hayes, of West 
Brattleboro — also that of Abijah Moore, the 
great-grandfather of Dr. Laura Plantz, of 
Putney, Vt., who is now 91 years old and a 
charter member of the National Society. 

We stood 100 per cent, on our Liberty Bond 
and for Tilloloy. We have continued the support 
of our French orphan and given $25 to the 
Martha Berry School of Georgia, $25 to the 
Vermont Bed at Rheims, $20 to the Kurn Hattin 
Home for Boys in Westminster, Vt., $10 each 
year for the Victory Gardens in our own town 
for several years, $35 for the International Col- 
lege at Springfield, Mass., and we stood 100 per 
cent, per capita for the Martha Guernsey 

Work has been continued on the church and 
cemetery records of this vicinity. The earliest 
church records have been typewritten and are 
now in the possession of the Chapter. The 



World War records have also been completed. 
At our annual meeting in June the following 
officers were elected: Honorary Regent, Mrs. 
Julius J. Estey ; Regent, Mrs. Jesse E. Haynes ; 
Vice Regent, Mrs. Arthur V. D. Piper ; Re- 
cording Secretary, Mrs. William H. Richardson ; 
Corresponding Secretary, Airs. Julius L. Stock- 
well ; Registrar, Mrs. Alfred S. Thompson; 
Treasurer, Mrs. Carl F. Cain ; Historian, Mrs. 
Robert E. Dunklee; Chaplain, Mrs. Marshall 
I. Reed. Grace Ada Bailey Dunklee, 


Olde Towne Chapter ( Logansport, Ind.) 
was organized October 20, 1916, with a member- 
ship of 34. It now has 42 members enrolled. 
The Chapter did highly commendable work dur- 
ing the war period, and continues to do creditable 
work in meeting 
requests for 
money for various 

Our monthly 
meetings have 
been interesting 
and varied in 
character. Flag 
Day was cele- 
brated at the sum- 
mer home of Mrs. 
Jennie Bennett, at 
Miami Bend. 
After luncheon 
the hours were 
devoted to busi- 
ness, followed by 
a social hour. 

Mrs. Rodgers, author of " Old Glory's Invisible 
Star," read that poem. 

The following officers were elected : Regent, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Wood Hillman ; First Vice Re- 
gent, Mrs. Harriet Shultz ; Second Vice Regent, 
Mrs. Julia B. Stephens ; Secretary, Miss Mary 
Shultz ; Treasurer, Miss Floye Champe ; His- 
torian, Mrs. Nellie B. Rodgers ; Registrar, Mrs. 
Josephine Berry. 

August 20th the Regent, Mrs. Elizabeth W. 
Hillman, gave a delightful porch party and pre- 
sented the Chapter with a picture of Betsy Ross, 
entitled " The Birth of Our Nation's Flag." 

Constitution Day was commemorated by plac- 
ing a copy in 12 public buildings. The main 
feature of the day was the presentation by the 
Chapter of a framed copy of the famous docu- 
ment, together with a framed copy of the famous 
picture of " The Birth of Our Nation's Flag," 
to the city high school. 

The Annual State Conference at Vincennes 
was attended by the Chapter Regent, Mrs. Eliza- 
beth W. Hillman, and Mrs. Sarah M. Green. 


All patriotic organizations of the city under 
the auspices of Olde Towne Chapter, D. A. R., 
met at Trinity Episcopal Church to commemo- 
rate the landing of the Pilgrim Fathers, 500 
persons participating in the exercises. Part of 
the program was held out of doors in front of 
the church. The Boy Scout Master, Mr. Loftus, 
assigned a troop of Scouts to act as orderlies 
to the Regent of the Chapter, Mrs. Hillman, and 
other officers. The Regent then requested the 
Scouts to distribute the American Creed through- 
out the audience, after which the Creed was read 
in unison. Following this a pageant represent- 
ing the landing of the Pilgrims was carried out. 
Mr. John Rounds, member of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, then made an appropriate ad- 
dress, after which each patriotic body and its 
auxiliary headed by its flag-bearer, marched into 

the church, the 
'■■"^- Scouts acting as 
flag - bearers and 
ushers. Doctor 
Cromwell, rector 
of Trinity Church, 
gave an able ad- 
dress, after which 
the boy choir fur- 
n i s h e d several 
beautiful numbers. 
Following the 
singing the Re- 
gent requested the 
Scouts to unfurl 
the flag. Where- 
upon the audience 
arose and saluted 
Old Glory. The 
program was impressive throughout and will long 
be remembered by our city. It also brought to the 
public mind the excellent work of the D. A. R. 
November 26th and 27th the Chapter conducted 
a rummage sale very successfully. 

Nellie D. Rodgers, 


Robert Lide Chapter (Hartsville, S. C). On 
April 15, 1909, 12 enthusiastic ladies met for 
the purpose of organizing a D. A. R. chapter 
in Hartsville. The name of Robert Lide was 
decided upon. Five out of the 12 charter 
members claimed Major Robert Lide as their 
Revolutionary ancestor. 

February 22nd in Hartsville always belongs 
to the D. A. R. Each year, if possible, we 
try to celebrate the birthday of George 
Washington by having a Colonial party, a 
tea or similar entertainment. 

Our contributions have gone towards many 
objects, among them being: The Willard 
School, the Berry School, the two South 



Carolina Schools, the Monument Fund and 
the Library at Washington. For several 
years we presented medals to our Graded 
School and Coker College; we also gave a 
South Carolina flag to the school. 

The Robert Lide Chapter stood foremost 
for useful service during the World War. 
Each member responded immediately to Red 
Cross work, and our Chapter was the first 
club in town to support a French orphan. 
Our special achievement, however, was the 
garments sent to the battleship South Carolina. 

For the restoring of the French village, 
Tilloloy, we are 100 per cent. Each member 
contributed also to the Liberty Loan drives. 
A contribution was sent to both of our South 
Carolina Schools — Georgetown, in the low 
coast region, and Tomassee, in the moun- 
tains. Our Chapter having two foundership 
pledges for the latter, as memorials of our 
two first Regents, Mrs. Margaret Coker 
Lawton, and Mrs. Sarah McCandlish Miller. 

On the point of the D.\ughters of the 
American Revolution Magazine, however, 
we are still weak, only seven subscriptions. 

Recently we gave liberally to the equip- 
ment of our local playground at the Graded 

School, and also to the Open-air Theatre at 
our beloved Coker College. Our money has 
been raised in various ways — a tea room, a 
moving-picture show, plays, George Wash- 
ington party, etc. 

Our programs prove both attractive and 
interesting, and a delegate is sent to the 
State Conference each year in order that the 
Robert Lide Chapter may keep in touch with 
the real work of the D. A. R. 

We have a membership of 28, and each 
month we seem to grow in numbers and 
interest. Hartsville has always been a town 
that did things, and its foremost project to-day 
is " A Community House," to be erected to 
our heroes of the late war. The Daughters 
of the American Revolution have endorsed 
this movement, and indeed it will not be 
long before we will begin to work in earnest 
for this most worthy enterprise. 

As members of the Robert Lide Chapter, 
we try to live in keeping with our pledge, 
" To God, to our Country, and to our friends, 
be true." 

(Mrs. M. L.) Laura Lawtox Reynolds, 



In Old Pennsylvania Towns. By 
Ann Hollingsworth Wharton. 
Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott 
Company. $5.00. 

Miss Wharton has many historical 
books to her credit, but none more 
charming than her latest publication, 
" In Old Pennsylvania Towns." She 
intersperses her chronicle of these pic- 
turesque Pennsylvania towns and vil- 
lages with sketches and anecdotes of 
their inhabitants, and pictures with 
skill the quaint charm of the Moravians 
and Dunkards, as well as the sparkle 
of aristocratic circles in such places as 
Lancaster, Wilkes-Barre, Carlisle, and 
other towns where the social life was 
interwoven with that of Philadelphia, 

New York and other important cities. 

Many notable personages figure in 
the book, and Miss Wharton's accounts 
of their births and marriages will be 
eagerly read by those in search of un- 
obtainable genealogical data. In her 
description of Carlisle and Harris- 
burg she quotes from a diary kept by 
Miss Margaret Williams, daughter of 
the Hon. Thomas Williams of Pittsburgh. 

Miss Wharton's book is a valuable 
addition to the literature of the men, 
women, manners, customs, and social 
life of earlier days, and is replete with 
entertaining information for the trav- 
eller. It is illustrated with thirty-two 
valuable half-tones of village scenes, 
and the exterior and interior views 
of historic houses of Pennsvlvania. 





President General 

Mrs. George Maynard Minor, 
IMemorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C. 

Vice Presidents General 

(Term of oflfice expires 1922) 
Mrs. William H. Wait, Mrs. William D. Sherrerd. 

1706 Cambridge Road, Ann Arbor, Mich. Highland Ave., Haddonfield, N. J. 

Mrs. Isaac Lee Patterson, Mrs. James Lowry Smith, 

Eola Road, Salem, Ore. Amarillo, Tex. 

Miss Alethea Serpell, Mrs. Frank W. Bahnsen, 

902 Westover Ave, Norfolk. Va. 1720 22d St., Rock Island, 111. 

Miss Louise H. Coburn, Skowhegan, Me. 

(Term of office expires 1923) 
Mrs. Cassius C. Cottle, Mrs. Charles S. Whitman, 

1502 Victoria Ave., Los Angeles, Calif. 54 East 83d St., New York, N. Y. 

Mrs. Edward Lansing Harris, Mrs. Henry McCleary, 

6719 Euclid Ave.. Cleveland, Ohio. McCleary, Wash. 

Mrs. James T. Morris, Mrs. Anthony Wayne Cook, 

2101 Blaisdell Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. Cooksburg, Pa. 

Mrs. Edward P. Schoentgen, 407 Glenn Ave., Council Bluffs, la. 

(Term of office expires 1924) 
Mrs. John Trigg Moss. Mrs. C. D. Chenault, 

6017 Enright Ave.. St. Louis. Mo. Lexington, Ky. 

Mrs. Benjamin D. Heath. Miss Catherine Campbell, 

Heathcote, Charlotte, N. C. 316 Willow St., Ottawa, Kan. 

Mrs. Lyman E. Holden, Mrs. A. C. Calder, 2nd, 

2 Park St., Brattleboro, Vt. 35 S. Angell St., Providence, R. I. 

]Mrs. Howard L. Hodgkins, 1830 T St., Washington. D. C. 

Chaplain General 

Mrs. Selden P. Spencer. 
2123 California St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Recording Secretary General Corresponding Secretary General 

Mrs. John Francis Yawger. Mrs. A. Marshall Elliott. 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Organizing Secretary General Registrar General 

Mrs. G. Wallace W. Hanger, Miss Emma T. Strider, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Treasurer General Historian General 

Mrs. Livingston L. Hunter, Miss Jenn Winslow Coltrane, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 

Reporter General to Smithsonian Institution 

Miss Lillix\n M. Wilson, 
Alemorial Continental Hall. 
Librarian General Curator General 

Mrs. Frank D. Ellison, Mrs. George W. White, 

Memorial Continental Hall. Memorial Continental Hall. 







639 Walnut St., Gadsden. 

110 N. Conception St., Modii.e. 




394 N. 3i!D St., Phoenix. 



2005 Scott St., Little Rock. 


817 W. 5T1I Ave., Pine Bluff. 


209 Mather St., Oakland. 


1240 W. 29th St., Los Angeles. 



803 SpitucE St., BouLDEi!. 

97.5 Pennsylvania Ave., Denver. 







1515 Franklin St., Wilmington. 



1319 T. St., N. W., Washington. 


119 5th St., N. E., Washington. 



217 14th St., Miami. 
MRS. .7. A. CRAIG, 

233 W. DuvAi, St., Jacksonville. 



305 14th Ave., Cohdele. 




P. O. Box 248, Honolulu. 



Box 324, Gooi)iN(i. 

421 2nd Ave., E., Twin Falls. 


Grand View Ave., Peoria. 




1011 N. Penn St., Indianapolis. 

3128 Fairfield Ave., Fort Wayne. 



" Fairiiill," Sheldon. 

State Centre. 




" Riverside," Wk iiita. 



539 GARiiAiii) St., Covington. 



310 Fannin St., Shreveport. 


282 Main St., Wateisville. 

122 GoFF St., Auuurn. 



2224 N. Calvert St., Baltimore. 

2004 Maryland Ave., Baltimore. 



25 Bellevue Ave., Melrose. 
PiNEiiuRST, Concord. 



1012 W. Main St., Kalasiazoo. 

143 Lafayette Ave., N. E., Grand Rapids. 



1906 Kenwood Parkway, Minneapolis. 

1126 SuMJiiT Ave., St. Paul. 




850 N. Jefferson St., Jackson. 






420 S. Idaho St., Dillon. 

814 S. Central Ave., Bozeman. 



601 W. A. St., North Platte. 








44S Ridge St., Newark. 

1308 Watchung Ave., Pi.ainfield. 










8 Lafayetth St., Ai-bany. 
269 Henuy St., Brooklyn. 


Mlis. W. O. srEXCER, 


810 N. TnYOX St., Ciiaiu.otte. 


MRS. (;i:ok(;e morley young, 

Valley City. 
300 Stii St,, S. Fauoo. 





431 N. DETifoiT St., Kenton. 



903 Johnstone Ave., Bautlesville. 

231 S. 13TII St., Mdskogee. 



8 St. Helen's Court, Portland. 
807 S. Ferry St., Albany. 



State Coj.\.vme. 
MRS. JOHN B. heron, 

Hadston, Linden Ave., PiTTSiiuRfm. 



4 Summit St., Pawtucket. 



St. Matthews. 

south DAKOTA 


118 8tii Ave.. S. E., Ahehdeen. 

Sioux Falls. 



310 West Cujiberlaxd St., Knoxville. 

1092 E. MoiiELAND Ave., Memphis. 



1313 Castle Court Blvd., Houston. 



36 H St., Salt Lake City. 

820 E. 4tii South St., Salt Lake City. 





302 Pleasant St., Bennington. 




91.5 Orchard Hill, Roanoke. 



18(14 1.5th Ave., Seattle. 
724 7th St., Hoquiam. 



BiL kiianxon. 
100 12th St., Wheeling. 



4001 Highland Park, Milwaukee. 

330 S. 6th St., La Crosse. 






SiiANiiHAi, China. 

Manila, Philippine Islands. 



Honorary Presidents General 


Honorary President Presiding 

Honorary Chaplain General 

Honorary Vice Presidents General 







J. E. Caldwell & Co. 

Official Jewelers 
AND Stationers 


Since Its Foundation. 
Insignia C ata l o g u e 
Forwarded Upon Request 


When writing advertisers please mention Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine. 




VOL. LV, No. 6 

JUNE, 1921 

WHOLE No. 346 


By Major Edwin N. McClellan and Captain John H. Craige, 
United States Marine Corps 

of the entire strength of the heroic band 
of patriots with whom the First Com- 
mander-in-Chief crossed the Delaware on 
Christmas Eve, 1776, and smote the Hes- 
sians in the midst of their revels was 
made up of Soldiers of the Sea. The 
archives also show that on that occasion 
as well as at the equally decisive Battle 
of Princeton, the Marines conducted 
themselves in a manner worthy of the 
high traditions of their Corps and 
won the warmest praise from Wash- 
ington himself by their valor, discipline 
and efficiency. 

On the roster of officers who led the 
Marines under Washington are names 
borne by families distinguished in Colo- 
nial annals and woven throughout the 
history of the United States. Some of 
these continued in the service of the 
Corps and won added glory on later occa- 
sions. Others transferred to different 
branches of Washington's forces in need 
of their services, particularly to the artil- 
lery of the Army, where their experience 


REAT deeds were done by the 
American Marines in the World 
War, and of these every school 
child knows. Only the historian 
and the antiquarian are familiar 
with the part played by the Con- 
tinental Marines in the Revolution. In that 
desperate struggle in which our fore- 
fathers won freedom and the right to 
exist as a nation, the Marines of that day 
acted a role fully as important and spec- 
tacular as that of the immortal Fourth 
Brigade in the war with Germany, cover- 
ing their Corps with undying honor in 
battles more fruitful in their effect 
on our history than Belleau Wood and 
more smashing in results than the 

Of the part played by the Marines in 
the decisive battles of the American Revo- 
lution, much evidence is scattered through 
the Continental records and through the 
historical archives of Pennsylvania and 
New Jersey. A recent examination of 
these records disclosed that fully a quarter 



with heavy cannon on shipboard rendered 
them particularly useful. Others made 
the supreme sacrifice in the cause of their 
country on the fields of Trenton and 
Princeton and were buried on the ground 
that their blood had hallowed. 

In dealing with the battles of the Revo- 
lution, writers 
of popular his- 
t o r i e s of the 
United States 
have paid little 
attention to the 
identity of corps 
or divisions of 
troops of 
the regular 
branches of the 
service. When 
the militia of the 
Colonies ap- 
peared upon the 
field, their pres- 
ence has been 
noted by writers 
of their respec- 
tive states but 
with the Regu- 
lars o f Wash- 
ington's forces, 
little attempt has 
been made to 
preserve a 
record as to the 
troops which 

took part in the various battles and 
skirmishes, except as to the names 
of general officers and commanders 
of groups, with the result that the specific 
achievements of the Marines and of the 
regiments and other organizations of 
the Revolutionary Army have been to a 
great degree lost. 

In Washington's force of about twenty- 
four hundred men with whom he crossed 
the Delaware on that momentous Christ- 



mas Eve, 1776, more than six hundred 
were Marines. These were made up of 
the " Famous Battalion " of Major 
Samuel Nicholas, the Marine Guards of 
the Andrea Doria, Hancock, Montgom- 
ery, and other vessels. Coming as they 
did, a well-fed, well-equipped, well- 
trained rein- 
to Washington's 
worn-out v e t- 
erans, exhausted 
by the constant 
forced marches 
a n d desperate 
rear-guard a c- 
tions of their re- 
treat across the 
Jerseys, they 
m a y well have 
been the fac- 
tor w h i c h sup- 
j)lied the fresh 
strength and ag- 
gressive force 
which made pos- 
sible the decis- 
ive successes of 
Trenton and 

On account of 
the pride which 
P h i 1 a d e Iphia, 
even at that 
early date took 
in its connections with the Marine 
Corps, these Marines were well equip- 
ped with clothing, arms and ammuni- 
tion. Practically all of their officers had 
seen active service against the British 
on board the vessels of the Continental 
Navy, and for several months they had 
been occupied in daily drill and fre- 
quent skirmishes with small British 
detachments. As a consequence they 
had reached an extremely high state of 


training and discipline and from the 
numerous successes which had at- 
tended their operations, their confidence 
was hisrh and their morale excellent. 

mand of Captain Thomas Read of 
the Navy. 

Vessels which are named in the Con- 
tinental records as sendinsf their Marines 




In addition to the Marines, the forces 
sent to Washington from Philadelphia 
consisted of several hundred troops of 
that State, including the famous Philadel- 
phia City Troop and detachments of Blue- 
jackets, used to firing guns under com- 

ashore to take part in the campaign on 
the Delaware are the Montgomery, flag- 
ship of the Pennsylvania State Navy, the 
Hancock and the Andrea Doria, of the 
Continental Navy, and it is very probable 
that several others participated from time 



to time. In addition to the above-named, 
the following vessels carried Marine 
Guards : Congress, Franklin, Effingham, 
Dickinson, Chatham, Burke, Camden, 
Bull Dog, Experiment and Convention. 

A careful count from the muster rolls 
of the vessels of the Pennsylvania State 
Navy at this time shows that there were 
529 Marines serving on board them. In 
addition, Captain Thomas Forest, in com- 
mand of thirty-one Marines, was serving 
with the Arnold Battery. Captain 
William Brown commanded the sixty- 
four Marines, and his junior officer. First 
Lieutenant James Morrison, on board 
the Montgomery. 

The intimate relations between the 
Pennsylvania State Marines and the Con- 
tinental Marines is shown by the fact that 
during this period two Marines of the 
Effingham were turned over to Captain 
Robert Mullen, since that Continental 
Marine officer claimed to have first en- 
listed them. In the course of the cam- 
paign which was conducted for the con- 
trol of the Delaware River, these Marines 
played a vital part. 

Major Samuel Nicholas commanded 
the " Famous Battalion," despatched to 
Washington's aid, with Captain Isaac 
Craig as his adjutant. The first company 
was commanded by Captain Andrew 
Porter, the second by Captain Robert 
Deane. Since Captain Craig had taken 
the Marine Guard of the Andrea Doria 
ashore, and also acted as adjutant of 
Major Nicholas' battalion, it would ap- 
pear that his Marines were also attached 
directly to this battalion. 

Major Samuel Nicholas was unques- 
tionably the senior Marine Officer com- 
missioned by the United States in tlie 
Revolution, and was probably the " first 
United States Marine." In his capacity 
as senior Marine Officer he performed 
administrative duties corresponding to 

those later assigned to the Commandants 
of the Marine Corps, and is considered by 
many the first Marine Commandant, al- 
though he was never named as such. 
Major Nicholas was a Philadelphian and 
married a Miss Jenkins. He had two 
sons, Samuel, Jr., and Charles Jenkins 
Nicholas. He was commissioned a 
Captain of Marines in November, 1775, 
and a Major of Marines on June 25, 
1776, and served throughout the Revo- 
lution as a Marine Officer. He was a 
member of the " Patriotic Association of 
Philadelphia," in 1778, and was a charter 
member of the " Pennsylvania Society of 
Cincinnatorum," serving on the Standing 
Committee from 1785 to 1788. He died 
while comparatively a young man. On 
May 12, 1919, a Destroyer of the United 
States Navy was named in his honor. 

Andrew Porter was born September 
24, 1743, at Worcester Township, Mont- 
gomery County, Pennsylvania. He was 
commissioned Captain of Marines and 
served on the Columbus at the capture of 
New Providence. He commanded a 
Company of Marines in the battalion of 
Major Samuel Nicholas at the Battles of 
Trenton and Princeton, and received " on 
the field in person, the commendation of 
General Washington for his conduct in 
this action." At a later date he entered 
the Pennsylvania Artillery, serving in 
Lamb's and Proctor's Regiments. Later 
his seafaring habits reasserted themselves 
and he requested duty on the ship Trum- 
bull, serving on that vessel when she cap- 
tured the IVatt. Later he rose to the rank 
of General Officer in the Army and 
died at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, No- 
vember 16, 1813. He was a charter 
member of the Pennsylvania Society of 
the Cincinnati. 

Isaac Craig was commissioned a First 
Lieutenant of Marines in 1775 and later 
was promoted to Captain in the same 





Corps. He served as a Lieutenant in the 
capture of New Providence and as a 
Captain of Marines in the Battles of 
Trenton and Princeton. Later he was 
assigned to the Pennsylvania State Regi- 
ment of Artillery and commissioned as a 
Major. He was a member of the Pa- 
triotic Association of Pennsylvania and a 
charter member of the Pennsylvania 
Society of Cincinnati. 

A pay roll of Captain Mullan's com- 
pany, serving in the battalion of Major 
Nicholas, signed by Major Nicholas and 
Lieutenant Montgomery, show^ that 
First Lieutenant David Love, Second 
Lieutenant Hugh Montgomery, four ser- 
geants, four corporals, one drummer, one 
fifer, and seventy-three other Marines, 
composed this company. This and other 
rolls appear in a book containing also 
minutes of a Masonic Lodge which met 
at the Tun Tavern on Water Street, 
Philadelphia, beginning with the year 
1749. Robert Mullan, it seems, was a 
member of the Lodge, proprietor of the 
Tavern and Captain of the Company of 
Marines, the rolls of which are written in 
the book. The book was found at " Mill 
Band," formerly the residence of Nathan 
Sellers in Upper Darby, near Philadel- 
phia, and is now the property of his 
grandson, Coleman Sellers. A copy of 
the pay and muster rolls follows : 


Robert Mullan, June 25, 1776. 
First Lieutenant. 
David Love, June 25, 1776. 

Second Lieutenant. 
Hugh Montgomery, June 25, 1776. 

James Coakley, July 1, 1776. 
Andrew Read, August 22, 1776. 
John McKinley, August 2, 1776. 
Warwick Hattabough, September 13, 1776. 

George Murray, August 27, 1776. 
Adam McFerson, October 22, 1776. 
John Cribs, October 13, 1776. 
Joseph Crumley, September 17, 1776. 

Collin York, June 25, 1776. 

Peter York, June 25. 1776. 

John Hogg, August 21, 1776. 
William Barnett, September 1, 1776. 
Lawrence Lessee, September 3, 1776. 
Benjamin Woodlin, August 12, 1776. 
Robert Gilmore, August 28, 1776. 
William Allison, September 2, 1776. 
John Stone, September 2, 1776. 
Daniel Foriman, September 2, 1776. 
William Carcill, August 19, 1776. 
Henry Sharp, September 1, 1776. 
George Campbell, August 4, 1776. 
James Alclllear, August 8, 1776. 
Stephen Rutledge, August 22, 1776. 
'James Stevenson. August 22, 1776. 
Votier Gawdon, September 9, 1776. 
Thomas Murphy, September 2, 1776. 
Robert Work, August 16, 1776. 
Patrick Quigley, July 16, 1776. 
Alark Sullivan, September 10, 1776. 
John McFall, August 5, 1776. 
William Stone, September 5, 1776. 
Stephen Archer, August 13, 1776. 
James Cane, September 9, 1776. 
Daniel McCarty, turned over to Andrea 

Doria, August 10, 1776. 
Alichael Kelly, September 12, 1776. 
Neil Farron, August 16, 1776. 
William Beauchamand, September 4, 1776. 
Henry Dehart, September 2, 1776. 
William Campin, September 11, 1776. 
John Speer, August 16, 1776. 
George Lafberry, August 5. 1776. 
Jacob Guy, August 19, 1776. 
Francis Quin, August 15, 1776. 
Owen Ward, turned over to Andrea Doria, 

August 4, 1776. 
Robert Douglas, September 2. 1776. 
John McClure, August 16, 1776. 
John Gilmore August 28, 1776. 
Thomas Gough, August 28, 1776. 
Richard Keys, October 3, 1776. 
Michael Millar, October 3, 1776. 
William Rivelly, October 10, 1776. 
Edward Smith, October 2, 1776. 
William Rich, September 8, 1776. 
Robert Elder, September 7, 1776. 
Edward Asberry, August 29, 1776. 
Barney Maloy, September 12, 1776. 


Thomas McKey, August 21, 1776. 
Allan McKey, August 21, \116. 
John Getty, September 11, 1776. 
Enoch Jenkins, September 13, 1776. 
Henry Hassan, September 10, 1776. 
John Lewis, September 25, 1776. 
Henry Ripshon, October 21, 1776. 
Patrick Harvy, September 17, 1776. 
William Dougherty, November 12, 1776. 
Isaac Walker, October 1, 1776. 
Thomas Caldwell, August 20, 1776. 
Jesse Redding, September 2, 1776. 
Patrick Russell, August 11, 1776. 
Alexander Cummins, September 1, 1776. 
John McCashon, August 21, 1776. 
Hugh Connolly, September 8, 1776. 
John McClosky, August 29, 1776. 
Thomas Newhinney, August 31, 1776. 
John Fritziner, August 31, 1776. 
Joseph Lowrey, August 31, 1776. 
John Hill, August 16, 1776. 
Thomas Sappington, September 7, 1776. 
Joseph Boyce, August 29, 1776. 
William Taylor, October 10, 1776. 
Daniel Cloud (dead), August 21, 1776. 
Thomas Atkinson (dead), August 23, 1776. 

(Signed) William H. Montgomery, 


(Signed) Samuel Nicholas, Major. 

Several of the above-mentioned pri- 
vates were marked " deserted " on the 
pay roll, bitt the following notation ex- 
plained this : " Many if not all of those 
marked ' deserted ' on this list w-ere sim- 
ply ' absent without leave,' and subse- 
quently ' returned to duty.' " 




Robert Mullan, June 25, 1776. 

First Lieutenant. 
David Love, June 25, 1776. 

Second Lieutenant. 
Hugh Montgomery, June 25, 1776. 

Thomas Hart, November 25, 1776. 
Andrew Read, August 22, 1776. 
John McKinley, August 2, 1776. 
Barney Moloy, September 12, 1776. 
Adam McPherson, October 22, 1776. 
James Butler, March 1, 1776. 
Collin York, June 25, 1776. 

Peter York, June 25, 1776. 
William Allison, September 2, 1776. 
James Cane, September 9, 1776. 
Jacob Guy, August 19, 1776. 
William Williams, November 25, 1776. 
Benjamin Woodlin, August 12, 1776. 
John Hogg, August 21, 1776. 
John Stone, September 2, 1776. 
William Stone, September 5, 1776. 
Allen McKey, August 27, 1776. 
George Campbell, August 4, 1776. 
Stephen Rutledge, August 22, 1776. 
James Stephens, August 22, 1776. 
Robert Work, August 16, 1776. 
Stephen Archer, August 13, 1776. 
Henry De Hart, September 2, 1776. 
John Spear, August 16, 1776. 
Francis Quin, August 16, 1776. 
Michael Kelly, September 12, 1776. 
Robert Douglas, September 2, 1776. 
Richard Keys, October 3, 1776. 
William Rivelly, October 10, 1776. 
Edward Sinith, October 2, 1776. 
Robert Elder, September 7, 1776. 
Henry Ripshon, October 21, 1776. 
William Dougherty, November 12, 1777. 
Thomas McKey, August 27, 1776. 
Joseph Boyce, August 29, 1776. 
Daniel McCarthy, August 10, 1776. 
John McCashon, August 21, 1776. 
John Conolly, September 8, 1776. 

Philip Kennedy, 

Nicholas Miller, March 1, 1777. 
Jacob Murray, March 1, 1777. 
George Rice, November 22, 1776. 
James Willon, November 5, 1776. 
Patrick Clinton, November 22, 1776. 
John Brown, December 1, 1776. 

William Casey, 

Thomas Leslie, 

Patrick Preston, 

Patrick Brannon, 

Isaac , August 27, 1776. 


October 1, 1776. 

James Coakley, July 11, 1776; reenlisted No- 
vember 15, 1776. 

Warwick Hattabaugh, September 13, 1776; 
died April 1, 1777. 

George Murray, August 27, 1776; reenlisted 
April 6, 1777. 

John Cribs, October 13, 1776; reenlisted 
December 6, 1776. 

Joseph Grumly, September 17, 1776. 

William Barnet, September 1, 1776; reen- 
listed December 5, 1776. 

Lawrence Lesey, September 3, 1776; re- 
enlisted March 13, 1777. 

Robert Gilmore, August 28, 1776; reenlisted 
April 1, 1777. 

Daniel Forsman, September 2, 1776; reen- 
listed December 3, 1776. 



William Carcill, August 19, 1776; discharged 
April 1, 1777. 

Henry Sharp, September 1, 1776; reenlisted 
December 6, 1776. 

James Mclllear, August 8, 1776; reenlisted 
December 5, 1776. 

Votier Gawdon, September 9, 1776; reen- 
listed December 5, 1776. 

Thomas Murphy, September 2, 1776; reen- 
listed December 6, 1776. 

Patrick Quigley, July 16, 1776; reenlisted 
January 1, 1777. 

Mark Sullivan, September 10, 1776; reen- 
listed December 5, 1776. 

James McFall, August 5, 1776; reenlisted 
January 15, 1777. 

Neil Farron, August 16, 1776; reenlisted 
December 5, 1776. 

William Buchanan, September 4, 1776; dis- 
charged April 10, 1777. 

William Campin, September 11, 1776; re- 
enlisted December 5, 1776. 

George Lasberry, August 5, 1776; died Jan- 
uary 16, 1777. 

John McClure, August 16, 1776; discharged 
December 1, 1776. 

John Gilmore, August 28, 1776; discharged 
November 20, 1776. 

Thomas Gough, August 28, 1776; reenlisted 
December 5, 1776. 

Owen Ward, August 4, 1776. 

Michael Miller, October 3, 1776; reenlisted 
April 10, 1777. 

William Rich. September 18, 177