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No. IX. 




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The Sun-Rifing 



With the 

INDIANS in New-England. 

Zach. 4. 10. 
Who bath defpifed the day off mall things ? 

Matth. 13. 13. 
The Kingdome of heaven is like to a graine of muftard seed. 

Ibid, verfe 33. 
The Kingdome of heaven is like unto Leven. 


Printed by Rich. Cotes, for Fulk Clifton and are to bee 

fold at his {hop under Saint Margaretts Church on 

New-iifh-ftreet Hill, 1647. 

r fe^^^st^^^^^^c ^^^^^^^^^ J^USJ?T?^^^^W^^ 


To the Reader. 

Ee that perid thefe following Relations 
is a Minijler of Chrift in New Eng 
land, yi eminently godly and faithful!, 
that what he here reports, as an eye or 
an eare witneffe, is not to be queftioned; 
Were he willing his name Jhould be mentioned, it 
would bee an abundant, if not a redundant, Tejlimo- 
niall to all that know him. 

Nathan. Warde. 




Our beginnings with the INDIANS. 

Pon Oftober 28. 1646. four of us 
(having fought God) went unto 
the Indians inhabiting within our 
bounds, with defire to make known 
the things of their peace to them, 
A little before we came to their 
Wigwams, five or fix of the chief 
of them met us with Englifh falu- 
tations, bidding us much welcome, who leading us 
unto the principall Wigwam of *Waaubon> we found *The name of 
many more Indians^ men women, children, gathered an Indian, 
together from all quarters round about, according to ap 
pointment, to meet with us, and learne of us. Waaubon 
the chief minifter of Juftice among them exhorting and 
inviting them before thereunto, being one who gives 
more grounded hopes of ferious refpect to the things of 
God, then any that as yet I have knowne of that forlorne 
generation ; and therefore fince wee firft began to deale 
feriouily with him, hath voluntarily offered his eldeft 
fon to be educated and trained up in the knowledge of 
God, hoping, as hee told us, that he might come to 
know him, although hee defpaired much concerning 
himfelf ; and accordingly his fon was accepted, and is 
now at fchool in Dedham, whom we found at this time 



(landing by his father among the reft of his Indian 
brethren in Englifh clothes. 

They being all there affembled, we began with 
prayer, which now was in Englifh, being not fo farre 
acquainted with the Indian language as to exprefTe our 
hearts herein before God or them, but wee hope it 
will bee done ere long, the Indians defiring it that they 
alfo might know how to pray, but thus wee began in 
an unknowne tongue to them, partly to let them know 
that this dutie in hand was ferious and facred, (for fo 
much fome of them underftand by what is undertaken 
at prayer) partly alfo in regard of our felves, that wee 
might agree together in the fame requeft and heart 
forrowes for them even in that place where God was 
never wont to be called upon. 

When prayer was ended it was a glorious affecting 
fpectacle to fee a company of perifhing, forlorne out- 
cafts, dilligently attending to the bleffed word of falva- 
tion then" delivered ; profeffing they underftood all 
that which was then taught them in their owne tongue ; 
it much affected us that they mould fmell fome things 
of the Alabafter box broken up in that darke and 
gloomy habitation of filthineffe and uncleane fpirits. 
For about an houre and a quarter the Sermon con 
tinued, wherein one of our company ran thorough all 
the principall matter of religion, beginning firft with a 
reptition of the ten Commandements, and a briefe ex 
plication of them, then mewing the curfe and dreadfull 
wrath of God againft all thofe who brake them, or any 
one of them, or the Idaft title of them, and fo applyed 
it unto the condition of the Indians prefent, with much 
fweet affection ; and then preached Jefus Chrift to 
them the onely meanes of recovery from finne and 
wrath and eternall death, and what Chrift was, and 
whither he was now gone, and how hee will one day 


( 3 ) 

come againe to judge the world in flaming fire; and 
of the blefled eftate of all thofe that by faith beleeve in 
Chrift, and know him feelingly : he fpake to them 
alfo (obferving his owne method as he faw moil fit to 
edifie them) about the creation and fall of man, about 
the greatnefTe and infinite being of God, the maker of 
all things, about the joyes of heaven, and the terrours 
and horrours of wicked men in hell, perfwading them 
to repentance for feverall fins which they live in, and 
many things of the like nature ; not meddling with 
any matters more difficult, and which to fuch weake 
ones might at firft feeme ridiculous, untill they had 
tafted and beleeved more plaine and familiar truths. 

Having thus in a fet fpeech familiarly opened the 
principal matters of Salvation to them, the next thing 
wee intended was difcourfe with them by propounding 
certaine questions to fee what they would fay to them, 
that fo wee might fkrue by variety of meanes fome- 
thing or other of God into them ; but before wee did 
this we afked them if they underftood all that was 
already fpoken, and whether all of them in the Wig 
wam did underftand or onely fome few ? and they an- 
fwered to this queftion with multitude of voyces, 
that they all of them did underftand all that which 
was then fpoken to them. We then defired to know 
of them, if they would propound any queftion to us 
for more cleare underftanding of what was delivered ; 
whereupon feverall of them propounded prefently feve 
rall queftions, (far different from what fome other In 
dians under Kitchomakia in the like meeting about fix The name of 
weeks before had done, viz. i. What was the caufe of t he chiefe In- 
Thunder. 2. Of the Ebbing and Flowing of the Sea. dians about us. 
3. Of the wind) but the queftions (which wee thinke 
fome fpeciall wifedome of God directed thefe unto) 
(which thefe propounded) were in number fix. 

B How 

( 4 ) 

i Queft How may wee come to know Jefus Chrift ? 

Anfw. Our firft anfwer was, That if they were to read our 

Bible, the book of God, therein they mould fee mod 
cleerely what Jefus Chrift was ; but becaufe they could 
not do that ; therefore, Secondly, we wifht them to 
thinke, and meditate of fo much as had been taught 
them, and which they now heard out of Gods booke, 
and to thinke much and often upon it, both when 
they did lie downe on their Mats in their Wigwams^ 
and when they rofe up, and to goe alone in the fields 
and woods, and mufe on it, and fo God would teach 
them ; efpecially if they ufed a third helpe, which 

3 Prayer to God to teach them and reveale Jefus 

Chrift unto them ; and wee told them, that although 
they could not make any long prayers as the Englifh 
could, yet if they did but figh and groane, and fay 
thus ; Lord make mee know Jefus Chrift, for I know 
him not, and if they did fay fo againe and againe with 
their hearts that God would teach them Jefus Chrift, 
becaufe hee is fuch a God as will bee found of them 
that feeke him with all their hearts, and hee is a God 
hearing the prayers of all men both Indian as well as 
Engli/Ti, and that Englifh men by this meanes have 
come to the knowledge of Jefus Chrift. 

The laft helpe wee gave them was repentance, they 
muft confeffe their finnes and ignorance unto God, 
and mourne for it, and acknowledge how juft it is, 
for God to deny them the knowledge of Jefus Chrift 
or any thing elfe becaufe of their finnes. 

Thefe things were fpoken by him who had preached 
to them in their owne language, borrowing now and 
then fome fmall helpe from the Interpreter whom wee 
brought with us, and who could oftentimes expreffe 
our minds more diftindly than any of us could ; but 
this wee perceived, that a few words from the Preacher 


( 5 ) 

were more regarded then many from the Indian Inter 

One of them after this anfwer, replyed to us that 2 Qu 
hee was a little while fince praying in his Wigwam, 
unto God and Jefus Chrift, that God would give him 
a good heart, and that while hee was praying, one of 
his fellow Indians interrupted him, and told him, that 
hee prayed in vaine, becaufe Jefus Chrift understood 
not what Indians fpeake in prayer, he had bin ufed to 
heare Englijh man pray and fo could well enough under 
ftand them, but Indian language in prayer hee thought 
hee was not acquainted with it, but was a ftranger to it, 
and therefore could not underftand them. His quef- 
tion therefore was, whether Jefus Chrift did under 
ftand, or God did underftand Indian prayers. 

This queftion founding juft like themfelves wee Avfw. 
ftudied to give as familiar an anfwer as wee could, 
and therefore in this as in all other our anfwers, we 
endeavoured to fpeake nothing without clearing of it 
up by fome familiar fimilitude ; our anfwer fummarily 
was therefore this, that Jefus Chrift and God by him 
made all things, and makes all men, not onely Englijh 
but Indian men, and if hee made them both (which wee 
know the light of nature would readily teach as they 
had been alfo inftrucled by us) then hee knew all that 
was within man and came from man, all his defires, 
and all his thoughts, and all his fpeeches, and fo all 
his prayers ; and if hee made Indian men, then hee 
knowes all Indian prayers alfo : and therefore wee bid 
them looke upon that Indian Bafket that was before 
them, there was black and white ftrawes, and many 
other things they made it of, now though others did 
not know what thofe things were who made not the 
Bafket, yet hee that made it muft needs tell all the 
things in it, fo (wee faid) it was here. 


( 6 ) 

Another propounded this queftion after this anfwer, 

3 Quejt- Whether Engiifh men were ever at any time fo ignorant 

of God and Jefus Chrift as themfelves ? 

AJnw. When wee perceived the root and reach of this 

queftion, wee gave them this anfwer, that there are 
two forts of Englim men, fome are bad and naught, 
and live wickedly and loofely, (defcribing them) and 
thefe kind of Englimmen wee told them were in a 
manner as ignorant of Jefus Chrift as the Indians now 
are ; but there are a fecond fort of Engiifh men, who 
though for a time they lived wickedly alfo like other 
prophane and ignorant Englim, yet repenting of their 
finnes, and feeking after God and Jefus Chrift, they 
are good men now, and now know Chrift, and love 
Chrift, and pray to Chrift, and are thankfull for all they 
have to Chrift, and mall at laft when they dye, goe up to 
heaven to Chrift; and we told them all thefe alfo were 
once as ignorant of God and Jefus Chrift as the Indians 
are, but by feeking to know him by reading his booke, 
and hearing his word, and praying to him, &c. they 
now know Jefus Chrift and juft fo mall the Indians 
know him if they fo feeke him alfo, -although at the 
prefent they bee extremely ignorant of him. 

4 Q ue ft- How can there be an Image of God, becaufe it s 

forbidden in the fecond Commandement ? 

Anfa. Wee told them that Image was all one Picture, as 

the Picture of an Indian, Bow and Arrowes on a tree, 
with fuch little eyes and fuch faire hands, is not an 
Indian but the Picture or Image of an Indian^ and that 
Picture man makes, and it can doe no hurt nor good. 
So the Image of Picture of God is not God, but 
wicked men make it, and this Image can doe no good 
nor hurt to any man as God can. 

5 Queft. Wether, if the father be naught, and the child good, 
will God bee offended with that child, becaufe in the 


( 7 ) 

fecond Commandement it s faid, that hee vifits the 
finnes of fathers upon the children ? 

Wee told them the plainer! anfwerwee could thinke 
of, viz, that if the child bee good, and the father bad, 
God will not- bee offended with the child, if hee re 
pents of his owne and his fathers finnes, and followes 
not the fteps of his wicked father ; but if the child bee 
alfo bad, then God will vifit the fins of fathers upon 
them, and therefore wifht them to confider of the 
other part of the promife made to thoufands of them 
that love God and the Evangenefh Jehovah, i. e. the 
Commandements of Jehovah. 

How all the world is become fo full of people, if6 Quefl. 
they were all once drowned in the Flood ? 

Wee told them the ftory and caufes of Noabs pre- Anfw. 
fervation in the Arke at large, and fo their queftion- 
ing ended ; and therefore wee then faw our time of 
propounding fome few queftions to them, and fo take 
occafion thereby to open matters of God more fully. 

Our firft queftion was, Whether they did not defire Ouefl. i 
to fee God, and were not tempted to thinke that there 
was no God, becaufe they cannot fee him ? 

Some of them replyed thus ; that indeed they did Anfw. 
defire to fee him if it could bee, but they had heard 
from us that he could not be feene, and they did be- 
leive that though their eies could riot fee him, yet that 
hee was to bee feene with their foule within : Here 
upon we fought to confirme them the more, and afked 
them if they faw a great Wigwam, or a great houfe, 
would they think that *Racoones or Foxes built it that *^ beaft fome- 
had no wifedome ? or would they thinke that it made what like a Fox 
it felfe ? or that no wife workman made it, becaufe 
they could not fee him that made it P No but they 
would beleeve fome wife workman made it though 
they did not fee him ; fo mould they beleeve con 

( 8 ) 

cerning God, when they looked up to heaven, Sunne, 
Moone, and Stars, and faw this great houfe he hath 
made, though they do not fee him with their eyes, yet 
they have good caufe to beleeve with their foules that 
a wife God, a great God made it. 

Queft. 2. We knowing that a great block in their way to be- 

leiving is that there mould bee but one God, (by the 

profeffion of the Englifh) and yet this God in many 

places ; therefore we afked them whether it did not 

feeme ftrange that there mould bee but one God, and 

*^ e re o e f ln ^ c a e "yet this God in *Ma/acbufetts, at Conettacut, at Quimi- 

where the Eng-/^^ i n ^ England, in this Wigwam^ in the next 

lifh fit downe. every where. 

Their anfwer was by one moft fober among them, 
that indeed it was ftrange, as everything elfe they heard 
preached was ftrange alfo, and they were wonderfull 
things which they never heard of before ; but yet they 
thought it might bee true, and that God was fo big 
That Hee was every where : whereupon we further illuftrated what 
prefent every wee fai^ by wiihing them to confider of the light of 
where. t j le g un ^ W j 1 j c } 1 though it be but a creature made by 

God, yet the fame light which is in this Wigwam was 
in the next alfo, and the fame light which was here at 
Majfacbufetts was at ^uinipeiock alfo and in old Eng 
land alfo, and every where at one and the fame time 
the fame, much more was it fo concerning God. 
3 Qu Jt* Whether they did not finde fomewhat troubling 

them within after the commiflion of fin, as murther, 
adultery, theft, lying, &c. and what they thinke would 
comfort them againft that trouble when they die and 
appeare before God, (for fome knowledge of the im 
mortality of the foule almoft all of them have.) 
Anfv>. They told us they were troubled, but they could 

not tell what to fay to it, what mould comfort them ; 
hee therefore who fpake to them at firft concluded with 

( 9 ) 

a dolefull defcription (fo farre as his ability to fpeake 
in that tongue would carry him) of the trembling and 
mourning condition of every foul that dies in finne, 
and that fhall be caft out of favor with God. 

Thus after three houres time thus fpent with them, 
wee aiked them if they were not weary, and they an- 
fwered, No. But wee refolved to leave them with an 
appetite ; the chiefe of them feeing us conclude with 
prayer, defired to know when wee would come againe, 
fo wee appointed the time, and having given the chil 
dren fome apples, and the men fome tobacco and what 
elfe we then had at hand, they defired fome more 
ground to build a Town together, which wee did much 
like of, promifing to fpeake for them to the generall 
Court, that they might poffefTe all the compafTe of that 
hill, upon which their Wigwams then flood, and fo wee 
departed with many welcomes from them. 

A true relation of our coming to the Indians ajecond time. 

VPon November n. 1646. we came the fecond time 
unto the fame Wigwam of Waawbon^ we found 
many more Indians met together then the firft time 
wee came to them : and having feates provided for us 
by themfelves, and being fate downe a while, wee be 
gan againe with prayer in the Englifh tongue ; our 
beginning this time was with the younger fort of In 
dian children in Catechizing of them, which being the 
firft time of inftructing them, we thought meet to afke 
them but only three queftions in their own language, 
that we might not clog their mindes or memories with 
too much at firft, the queftions (aiked and anfwered in 
the Indian tongue) were thefe three, i. Qu. Who made 
you and all the world ? Anfw God. i. )u Who 


doe you looke mould fave you and redeeme you from 
Sinne and hell ? Anjw. Jefus Chrift. 3 ^u. How 
many commandments hath God given you to keepe ? 
Anjw. Ten. Thefe queftions being propounded to 
the Children feverally, and one by one, and the 
anfwers being fhort and eafie, Kence it came to paffe 
that before wee went thorow all, thofe who were 
laft catechifed had more readily learned to anfwer to 
them, by hearing the fame queftion fo oft propounded 
and anfwered before by their fellowes ; and the other 
Indians who were growne up to more yeares had per 
fectly learned them, whom wee therefore defired to 
teach their children againe when wee were abfent, that 
fo when we came againe wee might fee their profiting, 
the better to encourage them hereunto, wee therefore 
gave fomething to every childe. 

This Catechifme being foon ended, hee that preach 
ed to them, began thus (fpeaking to them in their 
owne language) viz. Wee are come to bring you good 
newes from the great God Almighty maker of Heaven and 
Earth, and to tell you how evill and wicked men may come 
to bee good, Jo as while they live they may be happy, and 
when they die they may go to God and live in Heaven. 
Having made this preface, he began firft to fet forth 
God unto them by familiar defcriptions, in his glorious 
power, goodnefTe, and greatneffe, and then let forth 
before them what his will was, and what hee required 
of all men even of the Indians themfelves, in the ten 
Commandements, and then told them the dreadfull 
torment and punimment of all fuch as breake any one 
of thofe holy commandements, and how angry God 
was for any finne and tranfgreffion, yet notwithftand- 
ing hee had fent Jefus Chrift to die for their finnes 
and to pacific God by his fufferings in their ftead and 
roome, if they did repent and beleeve the Gofpell, and 


( II ) 

that he would love the poore miferable Indians if now 
they fought God and beleeved in Jefus Chrift : threatning 
the fore wrath of God upon all fuch as flood out and 
neglected fuch great falvation which now God offered 
unto them, by thofe who fought nothing more then 
their falvation : thus continuing to preach the fpace of 
an houre, we defired them to propound fome quef- 
tions : which were thefe following. Before I name them 
it may not be amifTe to take notice of the mighty 
power of the word which vifibly appeared efpecially in 
one of them, who in hearing thefe things about finne 
and hell, and Jefus Chrift, powred out many teares 
and mewed much affliction without affectation of be 
ing feene, defiring rather to conceale his griefe which 
(as was gathered from his carriage) the Lord forced 
from him. 

The firft Queftion was fuddenly propounded by an i Quejl. 
old man then prefent, who hearing faith and repent 
ance preacht upon them to finde falvation by Jefus 
Chrift, hee afked wether it was not too late for fuch an 
old man as hee, who was neare death to repent or 
feek after God. 

This Queftion affected us not a little with com- Anfa. 
paffion, and we held forth to him the Bible, and told 
him what God faid in it concerning fuch as are hired 
at the eleventh houre of the day : wee told him alfo 
that if a father had a fonne that had beene difobedient 
many yeares, yet if at laft that fonne fall downe upon 
his knees and weepe and defire his father to love him, 
his father is fo mercifull that hee will readily forgive 
him and love him ; fo wee faid it was much more with 
God who is a more mercifull father to thofe whom hee 
hath made, then any father can bee to his rebellious 
childe whom he hath begot, if they fall downe and 
weepe, and pray, repent, and defire forgiveneffe for 
C Jefus 

Jefus Chrift s fake : and wee farther added that looke 
as if a father did call after his childe to return and 
repent promifing him favour, the childe might then 
bee fure that his father would forgive him ; fo wee 
told them that now was the day of God rifen upon 
them, and that now the Lord was calling of them to 
repentance, and that he had fent us for that end to 
preach repentance for the remiffion of fins, and that 
therefore they might bee fure to finde favour though 
they had Lived many years in finne, and that therefore 
if now they did repent it was not too late as the old 
man feared, but if they did not come when they were 
thus called, God would bee greatly angry^with them, 
efpecially confidering that now they muft finne againft 
knowledge, whereas before we came to them they 
knew not any thing of God at all. 

2 Queft. Having fpent much time in clearing up the firft 
queftion, the next they propounded (upon our anfwer) 
was this, viz, How came the Englifh to differ fo much 
from the Indians in the knowledge of God and Jefus 
Chrift, feeing they had all at firft but one father? 

Anftv. Wee confefTed that it was true that at firft wee had 
all but one father, but after that our firft father fell, 
hee had divers children fome were bad and fome good, 
thofe that were bad would not take his counfell but 
departed from him and from God, and thofe God left 
alone in finne and ignorance, but others did regard 
him and the counfell of God by him, and thofe knew 
God, and fo the difference arofe at firft, that fome to 
gether with their pofterity knew God, and others did 
not ; and fo we told them it was at this day, for like 
as if an old man an aged father amongft them have 
many children, if fome bee rebellious againft the 
counfell of the father, he fhuts them out of doores, 
and lets them goe, and regard them not, unlefs they 


( 3 ) 

return and repent, but others that will bee ruled by 
him, they learne by him and come to know his minde; 
fo wee faid Englimmen feek God, dwell in his houfe, 
heare his word, pray to God, inftruct their children 
out of Gods booke, hence they come to know God; 
but Indians forefathers were a ftubborne and rebel 
lious children, and would not heare the word, did not 
care to pray nor to teach their children, and hence In 
dians that now are, do not know God at all : and fo 
muft continue unlefs they repent, and return to God 
and pray, and teach their children what they now may 
learne : but withall wee told them that many Englim 
men did not know God but were like to Kitcbamakins 
drunken Indians ; Nor were wee willing to tell them 
the Story of the fcattering of Noahs children fince the 
flood, and thereby to mew them how the Indians 
come to bee fo ignorant, becaufe it was too difficult, 
and the hiftory of the Bible is referved for them (if 
God wi 1) to be opened at a more convenient feafon in 
their owne tongue. 

Their third Queftion was, How may wee come to 3 Qu 
ferve God. 

Wee afked him that did propound it whether he did Anfw. 
defire indeed to ferve him ? and he faid, yes, Here 
upon wee faid, firft, they muft lament their blindnefle 
and finfulnefTe that they cannot ferve him ; and their 
ignorance of God s booke (which wee pointed to) 
which directs how to ferve him. Secondly, that they 
could not ferve God but by feeking forgivenefle of 
their finnes and power againft their finnes in the bloud 
of Jefus Chrift who was preached to them. Thirdly, 
that looke as an Indian childe, if he would ferve his 
father, hee muft firft know his fathers will and love 
his father too, or elfe he can never ferve him, but if 
hee did know his fathers will and love him, then he 


( 4 ) 

would ferve him, ancTthen if he fhould not doe fome 
things as his father commands him, and yet afterwards 
grieve for it upon his knees before his father, his 
father would pity and accept him : fo wee told them 
it was with God, they muft labour to know his will 
and love God, and, then they will bee willing to, ferve 
him, and if they mould then fin, yet grieving for it 
before God he would pity and accept them. 

4 Queft. Their fourth Queftion was, How it comes to paffe 

that the Sea water was fait, and the Land water frefh. 
Anfw. "ris fo from the wonderfull worke of God, as why 

are Strawberries fweet and Cranberries fowre there is no 
A Berry which reafon but the wonderfull worke of God that made 
is ripe in the them fo : our ftudy was chiefly to make them acknow- 
Wmter and j ec ]pr e Q OC J j n hi s wor kes, yet wee gave them alfo the 
very fowre r . c r i i i /-r 

they are called rea ^ on * !t from naturah cauies which they lelie un- 
here Bear- derftood, yet did underftand fomewhat appearing by 
berries. their ufuall fignes of approving what they under 


5 Queft. Their fifth Queftion was, that if the water was 

higher than the earth, how comes it to pafle that it 
doth not overflow all the earth ? 

Anfw. Wee ftill held God before them, and mewed that 

this muft needes bee the wonderfull worke of God, 
and wee tooke an apple and thereby fhewed them how 
the earth and water made one round globe like that 
apple ; and how the Sun moved about it ; and then 
fhewed them how God made a great hole or ditch, 
into which hee put the waters of the Sea, fo that though 
it was upon the earth and therefore above the earth, 
yet we told them| that by making fo deepe a hole 
the waters were kept within comparTe that they could 
not overflow, juft as if Indians making a hole to put 
in much water, the water cannot overflow nor runne 
abroad, which they would if they had no fuch hole ; 


fo it was with God, it was his mighty power that digged 
a hole for all Sea-waters, as a deepe ditch, and there 
by God kept them in from overflowing the whole 
earth, which otherwife would quickly drowne all. 

They having fpent much conference amongft them- 6 Que 
felves about thefe Queftions and the night haftening, 
we defired them to propound fome other Queftions, 
or if not, we would aike them fome, hereupon one of 
them afked us ; If a man hath committed adultery or 
ftolen any goods, and the Sachim doth not punim 
him, nor by any law is hee punimed, if alfo he reftore 
the goods he hath ftolen, what then ? whether is not 
all well now ? meaning that if Gods Law was broken 
and no man punimed him for it, that then no punifh- 
ment mould come from God for it, and as if by re- 
ftoring againe an amends was made to God. 

Although man be not offended for fuch iinnes yet Anfw. 
God is angry, and his anger burnes like fire againft all 
finners : and here wee fet out the holinefle and terrour 
of God in refpect of the leaft finne ; yet if fuch a (inner 
with whom God is angry fly to Jefus Chrift, and re 
pent and feeke for mercy and pardon for Chrift s fake, 
that then God will forgive and pity. Upon the hear 
ing of which anfwer hee that propounded the queftion 
drew fomewhat backe and hung downe his head as a 
man fmitten to the very heart, with his eyes ready to 
drop, and within a little while after brake out into a 
complaint. Mee little know Jefus Chrift, otherwife he 
thought he ftiould feeke him better : we therefore told 
him, that looke as it was in the morning at firft there is 
but a little light, then there is more light, then there is 
day, then the Sun is up, then the Sun warmes and 
heates, &c. fo it was true they knew but little of Jefus 
Chrift now, but wee had more to tell them concerning 


him hereafter, and after that more and after that more, 
untill at laft they may come to know Chrift as the 
Englifh doe ; and wee taught them but little at a time, 
becaufe the could not underftand but little, and if they 
prayed to God to teach them, he would fend his Spirit 
and teach them more, they and their fathers had lived 
in ignorance untill now, it hath beene a long night 
wherein they have (lept and have not regarded God, 
but now the day-light began to ftirre upon them, they 
might hope therefore for more ere long, to bee made 
knowne to them. 

Thus having fpent fome houres with them, wee 
propounded two Questions. 

1 Queft. What do you remember of what was taught you 

iince the laft time wee were here ? 

Anfw. After they had fpoken one to another for fome time, 
one of them returned this anfwer, that they did much 
thanke God for our comming, and for what they heard, 
they were wonderfull things unto them. 

2 Queft. Doe you beleeve the things that are told you, viz 

that God is mujquantum^ i. e. very angry for the leaft 
iinne in your thoughts, or words or workes ? 
. . They faid yes, and hereupon we fet forth the ter- 

rour of God againft finners, and mercy of God to the 
penitent, and to fuch as fought to know Jefus Chrift, 
and that as finners mould bee after death, Cbecbainuffan y 
i. e. tormented alive (for wee know no other word in 
the tongue to exprefTe extreame torture by) fo beleevers 
fhould after death P^owein wicke Jehovah, i. e. live in 
all bliffe with Jehovah the blefTed God : and fo we 
concluded conference. 

Having thus fpent the whole afternoon and night 
being almoft come upon us ; confidering that the In 
dians formerly defired to know how to pray, and did 
thinke that Jefus Chrift did not underftand Indian 


( 7 ) 

language, one of us therefore prepared to pray in their 
owne language, and did fo for about a quarter of an 
houre together, wherein divers of them held up eies 
and hands to heaven ; all of them (as wee understood 
afterwards) understanding the fame ; but one of them 
I caft my eye upon, was hanging downe his head with 
his rag before his eyes weeping; at firft I feared it was 
fome forenefs of his eyes, but lifting up his head 
againe, having wiped his eyes (as not defirous to be 
feene) I eaiily perceived that his eyes were not fore, 
yet fomewhat red with crying ; and fo held up his 
head for a while, yet fuch was the prefence and mighty 
power of the Lord Jefus on his heart that hee hung 
downe his head againe, and covered his eyes againe 
and fo fell wiping and wiping of them weeping abund 
antly, continuing thus till prayer was ended, after 
which hee prefently turnes from us, and turnes his face 
to a fide and corner of the Wigwam, and there fals a 
weeping more aboundantly by himfelfe, which one of 
us perceiving, went to him, and fpake to him encour 
aging words ; at the hearing of which hee fell a weep 
ing more and more ; fo leaveing of him, he who fpake 
to him came unto mee (being newly gone out of the 
Wigwam) and told mee of his teares, fo we refolved to 
goe againe both of us to him, and fpeake to him againe, 
and wee met him comming out of the Wigwam, and 
there wee fpake again to him, and he there fell into a 
more aboundant renewed weeping, like one deeply 
and inwardly affected indeed which forced us alfo to 
fuch bowels of companion that wee could not forbeare 
weeping over him alfo : and fo wee parted greatly re- 
joy cing for fuch forrowing. 

Thus I have as faithfully as I could remember given 
you a true account of our beginnings with the Indians 
within our owne bounds; which cannot but bee matter 


of more ferious thoughts what further to doe with 
thefe poore Natives the dregs of mankinde and the 
faddeft fpedlacles of mifery of meere men upon earth : 
wee did thinke to forbeare going to them this winter, 
but this laft dayes worke wherein God fet his feal 
from heaven of acceptance of our little, makes thofe 
of us who are able, to refolve to adventure thorow 
froft and fnow, left the fire go out of their hearts for 
want of a little more fewell : to which wee are the 
more incouraged, in that the next day after our being 
with them, one of the Indians came to his houfe who 
preacht to them to fpeake with him, who in private- 
conference wept exceedingly, and faid that all that 
night the Indians could not fleepe, partly with trouble 
of mind, and partly with wondring at the things they 
heard preacht amongft them : another Indian comming 
alfo to him the next day after, told him how many of 
tho wicked fort of Indians began to oppofe thefe be 

Whence thefe Indians came here to inhabit is not 
certaine, his reafons are moft probable who thinke 
they are Tartars pafling out of Afia into America by 
by the Straits of Anian^ who being fpilt by fome re 
venging hand of God upon this continent like water 
upon the ground are fpread as farre as thefe Atlanticke 
mores, there being but few of them in thefe parts in 
comparifon of thofe which are more contiguous to the 
Anian Straits, if wee may credit fome Hiftorians herein : 
what ever thefe conjectures and uncertainties bee, cer 
taine it is that they are inheritors of a grievous and 
fearfull curfe living fo long without Ephod or Tera- 
phim, and in neareft alliance to the wilde beafts that 
perim ; and as God delights to convey bleflings of 
mercy to the pofterity of fome, in refpecl: to his pro- 
mife to their fathers, fo are curfes entailed and come 


by naturall defcent unto others, for fome great finnes 
of their Anceftors, as no doubt it is in refpect of thefe. 
For notwithstanding the deepeft degeneracies are no 
flop to the overflowing grace and bloud of Chrift, 
when the time of love fhall come, no not to thefe 
poore outcafts, the utmoft ends of the earth being ap 
pointed to bee in time, the Sonne of Gods pofTeffion. 
Wee are upbraided by fome of our Countrymen 
that fo little good is done by our profeffing planters 
upon the hearts of Natives ; fuch men have furely 
more fplene than judgment, and know not the vaft 
diftance of Natives from common civility, almoft hu 
manity it felfe, and tis as if they mould reproach us 
for not making the windes to blow when wee lift our 
felves, it muft certainely be a fpirit of life from God 
(not in mans power) which muft put flefh and finewes 
unto thefe dry bones ; if wee would force them to bap- 
tifme (as the Spaniards do about Cufco, Peru, and 
Mexico, having learnt them a fhort anfwer or two to 
fome Popifh queftions) or if we would hire them to 
it by giving them coates and mirts, to allure them to 
it (as fome others have done,) wee could have gathered 
many hundreds, yea thoufands it may bee by this time, 
into the name of Churches ; but wee have not learnt 
as yet that art of coyning Chriftians, or putting 
Chrifts name and Image upon copper mettle. Al 
though I thinke we have much caufe to bee humbled 
that wee have not endeavoured more than wee have 
done their converfion and peace with God, who enjoy 
the mercy and peace of God in their land. Three 
things have made us thinke (as they once did of 
building the Temple) it is not yet time for God to 
worke, i Becaufe till the Jewes come in, there is a 
feale fet upon the hearts of thofe people, as they 
thinke from fome Apocalypticall places. 2 That as 
D in 

( 20 ) 

in nature there is no progrefTes ab extreme ad extremum 
nifi per media, fo in religion fuch are fo extremely de 
generate, muft bee brought to fome civility before re 
ligion can profper, or the word take place. 3 Becaufe 
we want miraculous and extraordinary gifts without 
which no converfion can bee expected amongft thefe ; 
but me thinkes now that it is with the Indians as it 
was with our New-Englim ground when we firft came 
over, there was fcarce any man that could beleeve that 
Englifh graine would grow, or that the Plow could 
doe any good in this woody and rocky foile. And 
thus they continued in this fupine unbeliefe for fome 
years, till experience taught them otherwife, and all 
fee it to bee fcarce inferiour to Old-Englim tillage, 
but beares very good burdens : fo wee have thought 
of our Indian people, and therefore have been dii- 
couraged to put plow to fuch dry and rocky ground, 
but God having begun thus with fome few it may bee 
they are better foile for the Gofpel than wee can 
thinke : I confefle I think no great goodwill bee done 
till they bee more civilifed, but why may not God be 
gin with fome few, to awaken others by degrees ? nor 
doe I expect any great good will bee wrought by the 
Englifh (leaving fecrets to God) (although the Englifh 
mall furely begin and lay the firft ftones of Chrifts King- 
dome and Temple amongft them) becaufe God is wont 
ordinarily to convert Nations, and peoples by fome of 
their owne country men who are neareft to them, and 
can beft fpeake, and moft of all pity their brethren and 
countrimen, but yet if the leaft beginnings be made by 
the converfion of two or three, its worth all our time 
and travailes 3 and caufe of much thankfulnefle for fuch 
feedes, although no great harvefts mould immediately 
appeare ; furely this is evident, firft that they never 
heard heart-breaking prayer and preaching before now 


in there owne tongue, that we know of, fecondly, that 
there were never fuch hope of a dawning of mercy 
toward them as now, certainly thofe abundant teares 
which we faw fried from their eies, argue a mighty and 
blefled prefence of the fpirit of Heaven in their hearts, 
which when once it comes into fuch kinde of fpirits 
will not eafily out againe. 

The chiefe ufe that I can make of thefe hopefull 
beginnings, befides rejoycing for fuch minings, is from 
Eafy 2. 5. Ob houfe of Ifrael, let us walke in the light of 
the Lord ; Confidering that thefe blinde Natives be- 
ginne to look towards God mountaine now 

The obfervations I have gathered by converfing 
with them are fuch as thefe. 

That none of them flept Sermon or derided Gods i. 
mefTenger : Woe unto thofe Englifh that are growne 
bold to doe that, which Indians will not, Heathens 
dare not. 

That there is need of learning in Minifters who 
preach to Indians, much more to Englifh men and 
gracious Chriftians, for thefe had fundry philofophicall 
queftions, which fome knowledge of the arts muft 
helpe to give anfwer to ; and without which thefe would 
not have beene fatisfied : worfe then Indian ignorance 
hath blinded their eies that renounce learning as an 
enemy to Gofpell Minifteries. 

That there is no neceflity of extraordinary gifts nor 
miraculous fignes alway to convert Heathens, who being 
manifeft and profefled unbeleevers may expect them as 
foone as any ; (fignes being given for them that be- 
leeve not i Cor. 14. 22.) much lefle is there any need 
of fuch gifts for gathering Churches amongft profef- 
fing Chriftians, (fignes not being given for them which 
beleeve,) for wee fee the Spirit of God working 
mightily upon the hearts of thefe Natives in an or 


( 22 ) 

dinary way, and I hope will ; they being but a rem 
nant, the Lord ufing to mew mercy to the remnant ; 
for there bee but few that are left alive from the 
Plague and Pox, which God fent into thofe parts, and 
if one or two can underftand they ufually talke of it 
as wee doe of newes, it flies fuddainely farre and 
neare, and truth fcattered will rife in time, for ought 
we know. 

IfEnglifh men begin to defpife the preaching of 
faith and repentance, and humiliation for finne, yet 
the poore Heathens will bee glad of it, and it mall 
doe good to them, for fo they are, and foe it begins to 
doe ; the Lord grant that the foundation of our Eng- 
lifh woe, be not laid in the ruine and contempt of 
thofe fundamentall doctrines of faith, repentance, hu 
miliation for fin, &c. but rather relifhing the novelties 
and dreames of fuch men as are furfetted with the or 
dinary food of the Gofpell of Chriit. Indians mail 
weepe to heare faith and repentance preached, when 
Englifh men mall mourne, too late, that are weary of 
fuch truths. 

>/ That the deepefh estrangements of man from God is 
no hindrance to his grace nor to the Spirit of grace, 
for what Nation or people ever fo deeply degenerated 
iince Adams fall as thefe Indians, and yet the Spirit of 
God is working upon them ? 

That it is very likely if ever the Lord convert any 
of thefe Natives, that they will mourne for fin exceed 
ingly, and confequently love Chrift dearely, for if by 
a little meafure of light fuch heart-breakings have ap 
peared, what may wee thinke will bee, when more is 
let in ? they are fome of them very wicked, fome very 
ingenious, thefe latter are very apt and quick of un- 
derftanding and naturally fad and melancholly (a good 
fervant to repentance,) and therefore there is the 


greater hope of great heart-breakings, if ever God 
brings them effectually home, for which we mould af 
fectionately pray. 

A third meeting with the Indians. 

NOvember 26. I could not goe my felfe, but 
heard from thofe who went of a third meeting ; 
the Indians having built more Wigwams in the wonted 
place of meeting to attend upon the Word the more 
readily. The preacher understanding how many of 
the Indians difcouraged their fellows in this worke, 
and threatning death to fome if they heard any more, 
Ipake therefore unto them, about temptation of the 
Devill, how hee tempted to all manner of finne, and 
how the evill heart clofed with them, and how a good 
heart abhorred them ; the Indians were this day more 
ferious than ever before, and propounded divers 
questions againe ; as i. Becaufe fome Indians fay that 
we muil pray to the Devill for all good, and fome to 
God ; they would know whether they might pray to the 
Devill or no. 2 They faid they heard the word humilia 
tion oft ufed in our Churches, and they would know 
what that meant ? 3 Why the Englifh call them In 
dians, becaufe before they came they had another 
name ? 4 What a Spirit is ? 5 Whether they mould 
beleeve Dreames ? 6 How the Englifh come to know 
God fo much and they fo little ? To all which they 
had fit anfwers ; but being not prefent I mall not fet 
them downe : onely their great defire this time was to 
have a place for a Towne and to learn to fpinne. 

Sir, I did thinke I mould have writ no more to you 
concerning the Indians ; but the Ship lingers in the 
Harbour, and the Lord Jefus will have you fee more 


of his conquefts and triumphes among thefe forlorne 
and degenerate people, furely hee heares the prayers 
of the deftitute and that have long lien downe in the 
duft before God for thefe poore prifoners of the pit : 
furely fome of thefe American tongues and knees muft 
confefle him, and bow downe before him : for the 
Saturday night after this third meeting (as I am in 
formed from that man of God who then preached 
The name of to tnem ) there came to his houfe one Wampas a wife 
an Indian. and fage Indian, as a mefTenger fent to him from the 
reft of the company, to offer unto him his owne fonne 
and three more Indian children to bee trained up 
among the Englim, one of the children was nine 
yeares old, another eight, another five, another foure : 
and being demanded why they would have them 
brought up among the Englim, his anfwer was, be- 
caufe they would grow rude and wicked at home, and 
would never come to know God, which they hoped 
they mould doe if they were conftantly among the 

This Pampas came alfo accompanied with two more 
Indians, young lufty men, who offered themfelves 
voluntarily to the fervice of the Englim that by dwell 
ing in fome of their families, they might come to know 
Jefus Chrift ; thefe are two of thofe three men whom 
wee faw weeping, and whofe hearts were fmitten at our 
fecond meeting above mentioned, and continue ftill 
much affecled, and gave great hopes ; thefe two are 
accepted of and received into two of the Elders houfes, 
but the children are not yet placed out becaufe it is 
moft meet to doe nothing that way too fuddainly, but 
they have a promife of acceptance and education of 
them either in learning or in fome other trade of life 
in time convenient, to which Pampas replyed that the 
Indians deiired nothing more. 


Thefe two young men who are thus difpofed of, 
being at an Elders houfe upon the Sabbath day night, 
upon fome conference with them, one of them began 
to confefTe how wickedly he had lived, and with how 
many Indian women hee had committed filthinefle, and 
therefore profefled that hee thought God would never 
look upon him in love. To which hee had this an- 
fwer, that indeed that finne of whoredome was exceed 
ing great, yet if hee fought God for Chrifts fake to 
pardon him, and confefTe his finne and repented of it 
indeed, that the Lord would mew him mercy ; and 
hereupon acquainted him with the ftory of Chrifts 
conference with the Samaritan woman, John 4. and 
how Jcfus Chrift forgave her although mee lived in 
that finne of filthinefie, even when Chrift began to 
fpeake to her : whereupon he fell a weeping and lament 
ing bitterly, and the other young man being prefent 
and confefling the like guiltinefle with his fellow, hee 
burft out alfo into a great mourning, wherein both con 
tinued for above halfe an houre together at that time 

It is wonderfull to fee what a little leven and that 
fmall tnuftardfeed of the Gofpell will doe, and how 
truth will worke when the fpirit of Chrift hath the fet- 
ting of it on, even upon hearts and fpirits moft un- 
capable ; for the laft night after they had heard the 
word this third time, there was an Englifh youth of 
good capacitie who lodged in Waaubons Wigwam that 
night upon fpeciall occafion, and hee arTured us that the 
fame night Waaubon inftrudled all his company out of 
the things which they had heard that day from the 
Preacher, and prayed among them, and awaking often 
that night continually fell to praying and fpeaking to 
fome or other of the things hee had heard, fo that this 
man (being a man of gravitie and chiefe prudence and 


( 26 ) 

That is King, counfell among them, although no * Sachem) is like to 
be a meanes of great good to the reft of his company 
unlefTe cowardice or witchery put an end (as ufually 
they have done) to fuch hopefull beginnings. 

The old man who alkt the firft queftion the fecond 
time of our meting (viz whether there was any hope 
for fuch old men or no) hath fix fonnes, one of his 
That is Sorce- fonnes was a Pawwaw, and his wife a great Pawwaw, 
rers and anc [ both thefe God hath convinced of their wicked- 
nefle, and they refolve to heare the word and feeke to 
the devill no more. This, the two Indians who are come 
to us acquaint us with, and that they now fay, that 
Cbepian, i. e. the devill is nought, and that God is the 
author onely of all good ast hey have beene taught. Hee 
therefore who preacheth to the Indians defired them 
to tell him who were Pawwaws when hee went againe 
to preach amongft them ; and upon fpeciall occafion 
this Decemb. 4 being called of God to another place 
where the Indians ufed to meet, and having preacht 
among them, after the Sermon, hee that was the Paw- 
waw of that company was difcovered to him, to whom 
he addrefTed himfelfe and propounded thefe queftions, 
vis i. Whether doe you thinke that God or Cbepian 
is the author of all good? he anfwered, God. 2. If 
God bee the author of all good, why doe you pray to 
Chepian the devill ? The Pawwaw perceiving him to 
propound the laft queftion with a fterne countenance 
and unaccuftomed terrour, hee gave him no anfwer, but 
fpake to other Indians that hee did never hurt any 
body by his Pawwawing, and could not bee got by all 
the meanes and turnings of queftions that might bee, 
to give the leaft word of anfwer againe ; but a little 
after the conference was ended, hee met with this 
Pawwaw alone and fpake more lovingly and curteoufly 
to him, and afkt him why hee would not anfwer, he 


then told him that his laft queftion ftruck a terrour 
into him and made him afraid, and promifed that at 
the next meeting hee would propound Tome queftions 
to him as others did. 

And here it may not bee amifle to take notice of 
what thefe two Indians have difcovered to us concern 
ing thefe Pawwaws : for they were afkt how they came 
to be made Pawwaws, and they anfwered thus, that 
if any of the Indians fall into any ftrange dreame wherein 
Cbepian appears unto them as a ferpent, then the next 
day they tell the other Indians of it, and for two dayes 
after the reft of the Indians dance and rejoyce for what 
they tell them about this Serpent, and fo they become 
their Pawwaws: Being further afkt what doe thefe 
Pawwaws, and what ufe are they of; and they faid the 
principall imployment is to cure the fick by certaine 
odde geftures and beatings of themfelves, and then 
they pull out the ficknefTe by applying their hands to 
the fick perfon and fo blow it away : fo that their 
Pawwaws are great witches having fellowmip with the 
old Serpent, to whom they pray, and by whofe meanes 
they heale ficke perfons, and (as they faid alfo) will 
mew many ftrange juglings to the wonderment of the 
Indians, they affirmed alfo that if they did not cure 
the fick party (as very often they did not) that then 
they were reviled, and fometimes killed by fome of 
the dead mans friends, efpecially if they could not 
get their mony againe out of their hands, which they 
receive aforehand for their cure. 

Wee have caufe to be very thankfull to God who 
hath moved the hearts of the generall court to pur- 
chafe fo much land for them to make their towne in 
which the Indians are much taken 
with * and it is fomewhat obfervable *Thetownethe Indian, did 

i i /-, / j dejire to know ivnat name it 

that while the Court were connder- /bouid have, and it wat told 
E ing 

( 28 ) 

them it fhouid bee called i ng w here to lav out their towne, the 

Noonatomen,ivhtcnjignifiei r . . / . / i \ 

in Engiijb rejoydng, becaufe Indians (not knowing or any thing) 

they hearing the -word, and were a b O Ut that time COnfulting 
feeking to kno-w God, the . T - , r , *? 

Engiijb did rejoice at it, about Lawes for thcmlelves, and 
and God did rejoyce at it, tne re companvwho fit downe with 

which pleated them much, rrr 7 A , J r \ 

& therefore that i 3 to be the Waaubon ; therewere ten or them, 

name of their toivn. twQ O f them are forgotten. 

Their Lawes were thefe 

i. That if any man be idle a weeke, at moft a fort 
night, hee mail pay five millings. 

2 If any unmarried man mail lie with a young wo 
man unmarried, he mall pay twenty millings 

3. If any man mail beat his wife, his hands mall bee 
tied behind him and carried to the place of juftice to 
bee feverely punimed. 

4 Every young man if not anothers fervant, and if 
unmarried, hee mail be compelled to fet up a Wigwam 
and plant for himfelfe, and not live mifting up and 
downe to other Wigwams. 

5 If any woman mail not have her haire tied up but 
hang loofe or be cut as mens haire, me mall pay five 

6 If any woman mail goe with naked breafts they 
mall pay two millings fixpence. 

7 All thofe men that weare long locks mail pay five 

8 If any mall kill their lice betweene their teeth, 
they mall pay five millings. This Law though ridicu 
lous to Englifh eares yet tends to preferve cleanlinefs 
among Indians. 

Tis wonderfull in our eyes to underftand by thefe 
two honeft Indians, what Prayers Waaubon and the reft 
of them ufe to make, for hee that preacheth to them 
profefTeth hee never yet ufed any of their words in his 


prayers, from whom otherwife it might bee thought 
that they had learnt them by rote, one is this. 

Amanaomen Jehovah tahajfen metagh. 

Take away Lord my Stony heart. 

Cheehefom Jehovah kekowhogkew, 
Warn Lord my foule. 

Lord lead me when I die to heaven. 
Thefe are but a tafte, they have many more, and 
thefe more enlarged then thus exprefTed, yet what are 
thefe but the fprinklings of the fpirit and blood of 
Chrift Jefus in their hearts ? and tis no fmall matter 
that fuch dry barren and long-accurfed ground mould 
yeeld fuch kind of increafe in fo fmall a time, I would 
not readily commend a faire day before night, nor 
promife much of fuch kind of beginnings, in all per- 
fons, nor yet in all of thefe, for wee know the profeflion 
of very many is but a meere paint, and their beft graces 
nothing but meere flames and pangs, which are fuddainly 
kindled and as foon go out and are extinct againe, yet 
God doth not ufually fend his Plough & Seedfman 
to a place but there is at leaft fome little peece of good 
ground, although three to one bee naught : and mee 
thinkes the Lord Jefus would never have made fo fit 
a key for their locks, unlefTe hee had intended to open 
fome of their doores, and fo to make way for his com- 
ming in. Hee that God hath raifed up and enabled 
to preach unto them, is a man (you know) of a moft 
fweet, humble, loving, gratious and enlarged fpirit, 
whom God hath bleft, and furely will Mill delight in & 
do good by. I did thinke never to have opened my 
mouth to any, to defire thofe in England to further 
any good worke here, but now I fee fo many things 
inviting to fpeake in this bufinefle, that it were well if 


( 30 ) 

did lay before thofe that are prudent and able thefe 

1 That it is prettie heavy and chargeable to educate 
and traine up thofe children which are already offered 
us, in fchooling, cloathing, diet, and attendance, which 
they muft have. 

2 That in all probabilities many Indians in other 
places, expecially under our jurifdiction, will bee pro 
voked by this example in thefe, both to defire preach 
ing, and alfo to fend their children to us, when they 
fee that fome of their fellows fare fo well among the 
Englim, and the civill authoritie here fo much favour 
ing and countenancing of thefe, and if many come in, 
it will bee more heavy to fuch as onely are fit to keepe 
them, and yet have their hands and knees infeebled 
fo many wayes befides. 

3 That if any mall doe any thing to encourage this 
worke, that it may be given to the Colledge for fuch 
an end and ufe, that fo from the Colledge may arife 
the yeerly revenue for their yeerly maintenance. I 
would not have it placed in any particular mans 
hands for feare coufenage or mifplacing or carelefTe 
keeping and improving ; but at the Colledge it s under 
many hands and eyes the chief and beft of the country 
who have ben & will be exactly carefull of the right 
and comely difpofing of fuch things ; and therefore, if 
any thing bee given, let it be put in fuch hands as 
may immediately direct it to the Prefident of the Col 
ledge, who you know will foone acquaint the reft with 
it; and for this end if any in England have thus given 
any thing for this end, I would have them fpeake to 
thofe who have received it to fend it this way, which 
if it bee withheld I thinke tis no lefle than facrilege : 
but if God moves no hearts to fuch a work, I doubt 
not then but that more weake meanes mall have the 
honour of it in the day of Chrift. 


( 3 ) 

A fourth meeting with the Indians. 

THis day being Decemb, 9. the children being cate- 
chifed, and that place of Ezekiet touching the 
dry bones being opened, and applyed to their condi 
tion ; the Indians offered all their children to us to bee 
educated amongft us, and intruded by us, complain 
ing to us that they were not able to give any thing to 
the Englifh for their education : for this reafon there 
are therefore preparations made towards the fchooling 
of them, and fetting up a Schoole among them or very 
neare unto them. Sundry queftions alfo were pro 
pounded by them to us, and of us to them ; one of 
them being afkt what is finne ? hee anfwered a noughty 
heart. Another old man complained to us of his 
feares, v/ z, that hee was fully purpofed to keepe the 
Sabbath, but ftill he was in feare whether he mould go 
to hell or heaven ; and thereupon the justification of 
a tinner by faith in Chrift was opened unto him as the 
remedy againft all feares of hell. Another complayned 
of other Indians that did revile them^ and call them 
Rogues and fuch like fpeeches for cutting off their 
Locks, and for cutting their Haire in a modeft manner 
as the New-Englifh generally doe; for fince the word 
hath begun to worke upon their hearts, they have dif- 
cerned the vanitie and pride which they placed in 
their haire, and have therefore of their owne accord 
(none fpeaking to them that wee know of) cut it mo- 
deftly ; there were therefore encouraged by fome there 
prefent of chiefe place and account with us, not to 
feare the reproaches of wicked Indians, nor their witch 
craft and Pawwaws and poyfonings, but let them know 
that if they did not diffemble but would feeke God 
unfaignedly, that they would ftand by them, and that 


( 32 ) 

God alfo would be with them. They told us alfo of 
divers Indians who would come and ftay with them 
three or foure dayes, and one Sabbath, and then they 
would goe from them, but as for themfelves, they told 
us they were fully purpofed to keepe the Sabbath, to 
which wee incouraged them, and night drawing on 
were forced to leave them, for this time.