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Full text of "A declaration of the Commons of England in Parliament assembled ; expressing their reasons and grounds of passing the late resolutions touching no farther address or applications to be made to the king"

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Die Veneris, xi. February 

1647, 

Rderedby the Commons af- 
fembled in Parlia.-nent, That 
a competent number of thi* Decla- 
ration be printed for the fervice of 
the Houfe ; And the Kn.jghts,-Citi- 
zens and Burgeffes, and Barons of 
the Cinque-ports that ferveforthe 
feveral Counties, Cities^Burroughs 
and ports, are required to fend Co- 
pies thereof, to be publidied and 
difperfed in the feveral and refpe- 
dtlve places for which they ferve. 

^ > & H: Eljynge, Cler. Tarl. D. Com. 



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OF THE 



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COMMONS 

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III 



5 K. c j L A ^t- 

In Parliament aflembled • 

EXPRESSING 

Their Reafons and Grounds of 

pafsing; the late Rxftiutions touching 

^ M farther ^ddrefs or Jppl^uon to be maae 
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Die Veneris, ii.Februarii, 1647- 

ORderedbj the Commons affembled A , J 'arliammt ft 
That this Declaration be forthwuhprmtedand^ 
fublifhed: H: Elfynge,Cler.Parl.D.Com. ^ 



London, Printed for Sdmrd Bwband , Printer*) the ** 
Honorable Houfeof Commons, F^.15.1647. g- 






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A 



DECLARATION 

OF THE 

COMMONS 

A/Fembled in Parliament, 

Exprefsing the Reafons of thefe 

en faing 

RESOLUTIONS. 

Refolved upon the Queftioa by the 
Lords and Commons in Parliament., 
aflembied, 

^Hat they do VecUrefThat they 
will make no further Jddrefes 
or Jpplieations to the B^ing. 

Re- 



I 



* * 




CO 

Refolved upon the Queftion by the 
Lords and Commons, 

Hat no Application or Jddreps 
_ be made to the IQng by any per- 
fon whafoever , without tin leave of 
both Houfes*. 

Refolved upon the Queftion by the 
Lords andCommons, 

THat the per/on or per pons that 
{hall make breach of this Order, 
/hall incur the Tenalties-ef B'tglf 
Treafon. 

Refolved upon the Queftion by the 
Lords and .Commons, 

Eat they do "Declare, That they 

mil receive no more any Mcf 

(age from the J\ing- and do enjoyn, 
That no per/on whatpever do pre fume 
to receive or bring any Mefage from 

the 





(7) 

the Kjng to both or either of the Hou* 

fes of ^Parliament) or to any other 
per /on. 

Ow fruitlcfs out former Addraffcs have 

been to the King, is fo well known to 

the world, that ic may be cxpeftcd w^ 

fhould now Declare, Why we made the laft, or fo 

many before, rather then why we are refolved to 
make no more. 

We cannot acknowledge- any great Confidence 
that our words could have been more perf wafive 
with Him, then Sighs and Groans, the Tears and 
crying Blood (an heavy Cry ! ) the Blood of Fa- 
thers, Brothers and Children at once, the Blood 
of many Hundred thoufand Free-born Subjects 
in Three great Kingdoms, which Cruelty it felf 
could not but pity to deftroy. 

We muft nor. befo unthankful to God, as to 
forget we never were forced to any Treaty 5 and 
vet we have no lefs then Seven times made fuch 
Applications to the King, and tenured fuch Pro- 
portions, that might cccafion the world to judge, 
We have not cnely yielded up our Wills and Af- 
fections, but ourReaion alio and Judgement, for 
obtaining any true Peace or good Accomodation. 

Bui it never yet p'eaied the King to accept of 
any Tender fie for us. to m.ke, nor yet to offer 
any St for us to receive, 

It 



V) 

Tc is f£ry wfcll Known, That the Propofidorfs 
Cent to the King at Oxford, and Treated on at Ux~ 
fridge, were agreed by the Parliaments of both 
Kingdoms, notonelyas Juft, butNeceiTary alfo 
for ^the very Being of thefe Kingdom's in a fcukd 
Peace and Safety. 

And although the Kings periling in his wont- 
ed ways and Denyals, might hive caufed us to 
imp ove the Advantage of -that great Succefs 
(which it pleafed God to afford us ) Yet when 
Hi> Armies were all broken, fothatin Difguifc 
He fLd from Oxford to the Sco:s at Newark, and 
from thence went to Netpcaflie^ and that Oxford, 
and ■ almoft'all His Gatifons were taken, Weten- 
dred a: Ncwc-iflie Profofitions, the fame in effe& 
which hid been preferred before in the. mid ft of 
dl His Strength and Forces. 

And notwithstanding this Change of His Con- 
dition, and I)*nyd of thofe Propofitions, after 
He vva kit to the CommirTiontrsof Parliament, 
and our Brethren of Sc&Und quietly departed 
home-, after all His Garifons taken, and no vifi- 
b!e Force in the whole Kingdom appearing for 
Wim^ the King being at the fo!e Difpofe ot the 
Parliament without Difpute-yet even then the 
lame Proportions were again piefented coHim at 
Ha&Mti Court. 

Ill all which AddrefTcs the Commiifioners of 
ScoiLwi agreed with us, and joyned with our 
Comfniffk^cisin attending the King. 

The King not granting our PropoliabsTf, bat' 

ftiU 



(9 > 

ftitl giving fuch firange^ unexpected and condi- ■ * 

tional Anfwers orDenyals, it might juftly have 

made us confider fome< other courfc for feeding 

the Kingdom in Peace and Safety, without any 

further Application 5 which was alfo fo far agreed 

by our Brethren of Scotland (at their leaving New~ 

caftlt) that their Commiffionerfc Declared, in cafe 

the King contented not to the Propofitions, Yet 

they would maintain the Treaties and Union made 

between the Kingdoms. 

But fo defirous were we of His Concurrence 
in the Settlement of the Kingdoms Peace, that 
we yet again refolved upon another Addrcfs* 
and did ro qualifie the faid Propofitions,. that 3 
where it might (land with the Publique Safety* 
His wonted Scruples and Obje&ions were pre- 
vented or removed. 

And although we could not forget how dan- 
gerous and void of Succefs our former Treaties 
had been, and that a Perfonal Treaty had been 
Declared by bothHoufes and die Commiffioners 
of Scotland to be unfefe, without Security and 
Satisfaction fi ft given -, yet we alfo yielded to 
that, on condition the King would Sign but Four 
Bills, which wg judged not oricly Jufc and Ho- 
norable, but ■ Neceffary even for prefot Pe^ce and 
Safoy during fuch a Treaty* 

We have caufe enough to remember. That 
He . iotnetimes denyed to receive our Jiumbie Pe- 
titions for Peace •, and when we deSred Him to 
appoint tome place for a Committee of both 

B Houfes 



(10) 

Hpufes to attend Him with Propoficions fot 
Peace, He named Wind for . promifing to abide 
thereabouts till they came unco Him : Buc pre- 
fently marched forward (chat very night) fonear 
London^ that He had almoft furprifed it, while He 
had fo engaged Himfelf for a Treaty, had not 
fome few of our Foot at Brainford^ with invinci- 
ble Courage, expofed themfelves to apparent 
Death , Till His Army was forced to retire in 
Fear and Shame, wirh the Guilt of moft*Inhu- 
mane and Barbarous Cruelties committed at Brain- 
ford) to allure London what it muft have exped- 
ed , had not God prevented thofe Bloody De- 
figns. 

And we well remember, That rfie King once 
fent us a fpecious Meflage of renewing a Treaty, 
^g/hen at the fame time His MefTenger was in- 
truded how to manage that Bloody Maffacre 
in London, which was then Defignedby vcrtueof 
the Kings Commiflxon, fince publifhed . 

And about the time of the Treaty at Uxbridgt^ 
He excufed Himfelf to the Queen by a Letter un- 
der His own Hand, as forced to that Treaty by 
the mutinous Motions of His Mongrel Parlia- 
ment at Oxford-, and that He could not findeany 
two of them of His mtnde, elfe He would not 
have acknowledged us for the Parliament of En- 
gland • which yet He did with a Proteftation, en- 
tred into the G ounce!- Books, That His calling us 
fo, did not make us a Parliament* 

All which was but fmall Encouragements y 

ag.aia 



00 

again to make our (elves His Sport or Scorn by 
any other Treaty.-, yet we now yielaca co this 

a But notwithftanding this and all former Te^ 
ders We have now received fuch aDenyaljthac 
wc are in difpair of any good by Addttffc* to 
the King, neither muft wc he fo injurious tonus 
People, in further delaying their Settlement, as 
any more to prefc his Coafent to thefe or any 
other Propofitions. 

Noi can we fee why it (hould be expected a 
new Engagement could prevail on Him, or 
oblige Him more ftrongly-to the Kingdom, then 
the Solemn Oath of His Coronation, and the 
feveral other Vows , Proteftations and Impre- 
cations fo frequently by Him broken, during His 
whole Reign, andfo often renewed before Cm 
and the whole World. . . 

We may be the more juftified herein by thole that 
know whatpaflfed between the King and our Bre- 
thren the Scots, when thofe Articles were agreed 
and confirmed in the firft Pacification not long 
before thefe Wars ., which, as Toon as their backs 
were turned, and their Armies out of fight, were 
difavowed again by the King, and by His Com- 
mand publikely burnt at London by the Hands of 

the Hangman. v 

Which yet might have been forgotten, naa 
not a continued track of Breach of Truft fn fhe 
Three Kingdoms, fince he wore the Crown,imde 
us (though unwilling) to remember it. 

B 2 We 



<2L3«* 



We take no pleafure to repeat our own Mi* 
feries, or others Milchief, if it might be hid- 
den or forgotten ; But we are now forced to 
fpeak what hath long been fuffered in tbomuch 
fiience. 

Himfelf in pub lique Speeches and Declara- 
tions, hath laid a fit foundation for all Tyranny, 
by this moft Definitive Maxime or Principle, 
which He faith he muft avow. That He oweth an 
Atcompt of Bis Actions u none^ hut God alone • and^ 
That the Hottfes of Parliament^ joynt or feperate^, 
have no Power either to make or Declare any Law. 

The Private Articles agreed, in order to the 
Match with Spain, and thofe other Private Ar- 
ticles upon the French Marriage , fo prejudicial 
to the Peace, Safety, Laws, Religion here efta- 
blifhed, and the continued Correfpondence which 
hath fincebeen carried on wi|h2?0/22<?,are fo evident 
as cannot be denied. 

We cannot butcaH to minde the Proceedings 
and Paffages of the Parliament held in the fecond 
year of this Kings Reign , concerning; the Death 
of His Royal Father. 

The Tenth of <JMaii,\6i6. the Houfe of Com- 
mons charged the Duke of Buckingham , among 
other things, in thefe words-, (vi%\) 

Hereas thef%>Qrn Thyjitians of our late 
SoVeraign Lord y King James ofbkjjed 
Memory, attending on His Majefty in themomth 

of 




03) 

©/March , in the Two and twentieth of His moji 
Gloriom %tign r in the times of His fickmfs, being 
an Ague ; Vidifi due and neceffary care of and for 
the recovery of His health, and preferVation of His 
per fin 7 upon and after federal mature Qmfultations 
in that behalf bad and holden at fever al times in the 
famemweth refolve, andgarve direBions, Tha£ 
nothing fhouldbe applyedor given unto 
His Highnefs ; by way of Phifick or Dyer, 
during His faid iicknefs, but by and Qpon 
their general Advice and Confents : And 
after good deliberation thereof prB had? more 
especially by their like care and upon like Confuka* 
tdtionsjDid juHly refohe and piiMikely give warn- 
ing, to and for aU the Gentlemen and other jer- 
rvants and Officers of Hisfaid late Majefties 
Bedchamber, That no Meat or Drink whac- 
foever fliouid be given unto Him within 
two or three hours next before the ufual 
time of and for the coming of His Fit in 
the (aid Ague, nor during the continuance 
thereof, nor afterwards until His cold Fit 
were paft. The faid Duke of Buckingham 
Wing a fworn Servant cf His late Majefty ? of 

and 



1.3? 



and in His Majefties yii J Bedchamber, con- 
trary to his duty 3 a»d fta tender reSpeB tyhich he 
ought to have had of His Majefties moft Sacred 
(Perjon-, and after the Confutations, tffyfolutions, 
DireBions and Warning afore faid , Did newer •- 
thelefs, without 4ny fufficient Warrant in that be- 
half, unduly caufe and procure certain Tlaijlers y 
and a certain Drink or Motion to he provided for 
the ufe of His /did Majefty, without the direction 
@r priwity of His faid late Majefties tPhyficians, 
not prepared by any of His Majefties fworn 
Apothecaries or Chyrurgeons , but com- 
pounded of fewer al Ingredients to them unknown- 
Ttytwithflanding the fame plaijier, or fome plainer 
like thereunto hawing been formerly adminiflred 
unto His faid Majefty , did procure fuch iU 
cffeBs, as that fome of the faid fworn Thyficians 
did altogether difallow thereof and utterly refufed 
to meddle any further Tbith His faid Majefty un- 
til thofe plaiflers were remowed, as being prejudi- 
cial to the health of His Majefty. let newer - 
thelefs, the fame plaifler, as al/o a Drink or potion, 
T^as provided by him the faid Duke, fbbich he the 
faid Duke, by colour of fome inefficient and flight 

pretences, 



pretences, did upon Monday the One and twen- 
tieth day of March, in the Two and twentieth 
year aforefaid, 3hen Hi* Majefty {by the judge- 
ment of His J aid fhyficians) To as in the declina- 
tion of His Difeafe, caufe and procure the faid 
plaifter to be applyed to the firefl and Wrifis of 
His faid late Majcfty ; and then alfo, at and in 
His Majefties Fit of his faid Ague the fame 
Monday } and at federal times , within two 
hours before the coming of the fame Fit, and before 
His Majefties then cold Fit Tx>at pajfed , did 
deli<ver- and caufe to be delivered, federal quan- 
tities of the faid drink or potion to his UteMzjc- 
fty^ Ttfa thereupon, at the fame times, within the 
feafons in that bef^tf prohibited by his Majefties 
phyftcians as aforefaid , did by t]^ means and pro- 
curement of the faid Duke , drink , and take 
divers quantities of the /aid drink or potion, applied 
andgwen unto y and taken and recei<ved by his 
faid Majefty as aforefaid, Great diftemperSj 
and divers ill fymptomes appeared up^fi 
his laid Majefty • infomuch that the jaid phyft- 
cians finding his Majefty the next morning much 
l&orfe in the ejlate of his health, and holding a Con- 

6ii 



*z~ 4 *> 



16) 

filiation thereabout, did by j&ynt confentjend unto 
the faid Duke y praying htm not to ad^nture t& 
mimfter unto bis Majefty any more piyfick Tbtth- 
out their Allowance and Jpprobatm - Jnd his [aid 
Majefty hm/elf, fiminghimfelf n^ch difeafed 
and affli&ed fbitb pain and jtcknejs after his then 
Fit z ivhen by the courjeqj his Dileafe he expected 
intermifsion and eaje, did attribute the caufe ojfuch 
his trouble unto the [aid plaijter and drink which 
the /aid Duke had jo gi^en, andcaufed to be ad- 
minijlred unto him y which [aid ad<ventrous a&, 
by a perjon obliged in duty and thankfnlnefs done 
to the perjon of jo great a King^fterfo tllfuccefs of 
the like formerly adminijired y contrary tofuchdi- 
reElions as ajorejaid, and accompanied "frith jo un- 
happy an e<vent y to the great grief and dijeomfort 
of all his Maj cities Subjects in general y is an 
Offence and Miiclenieanor of Jo high a nature, 
as mayjuflly be: called , and is by the faid Com- 
mons deemed to be i, An a6t of tranfcendent 
prefurnption 5 and of dangerous confe- 



And delivered it at a Conference to the Lords. 

Afte-i 



07) 

After which the King came into the Lords *z-f / 
Houfeand took noticcof that Charge, and told 
them he could be a witheffcto.c!ear,bim in.every 
one of them • un*o which Charge, no anfwer 
came in untill the eighth of June following, and 
the tenth day after it was ordered by the Houfeof 
Peers to be "communicated co the Houfeof Com- 
mons : But while the Houfe was preparing to fend 
up their proofes upon which they declared, that 
they doubted not but to have judgement againft 
the faid Duke, the King expreffeda fuddain pur- 
pofetodifolve the Parliament, and although the 
Houfeof Peers petitioned for its continuance, ex- 
preffing their great and univerfall forrow for his in- 
tentions to difolve it, yet, notwithftanding all this 
the faid Parliament was diffolved the fifteenth day 
of the fame June. 

At the lame time alfb during the "Parliament, 
Sir Dudley Diggs and Sir %chn Elliot , who fpecially 
managed that Conference and Examinations, 
were committed clofe prifoners t@ the Tower 
within two dayes after the faid Charge, by warrant 
junderthe Kings own hand. 

And Meffages and interruptions were conftant- 
ly Tent from the King to the Houfes while they had 
the faid Charge in Agitation, and the Parliament 
being diffolved before Juftice could be done, there 
never was any legal enquiry made at any time fince, 
concerning the death of the faid King. 

We leave the world now to judge where the 
guilt of this remains. 

C We 



08) 

We can fully fhew how KocM was by him be- 
trayed, and thereby a fatal blowe given to the Pro- 
teftant Caufe in Trance : how alfo he lent divers of 
the Navie Royal, and other Merchant- (hips, to the 
French King, to be employed againftthofe whom 
he was engaged to have affiled* And when fome 
of the Commanders and others in thofe fhip5,were 
fo much Engliife as to difpute thofe Orders $ 
we can fhew the King's Letter under his own hand 
to Captain Pemngton, to put them into the fervice 
of the French King, or to fink them hi cafe of re- 
fnlal. 

Wc cannot forget the defignes to enftave us by 
the German- Horfe (that we fay nothing of the 
late Spanifh Fleet, with a great Army therein ? , 
brought into the Downs , 1639-) and to grinde us 
by enforced Loans , Privie-Seals , Coat and 
Condud- money, enlarging of Forefts, inclofing of 
Commons , ingroflihg of Gun-powder^ with in- 
numerable Patents and Monopolies of Malt, Salt, 
Sea-cole, Soap, Leather, Wine, Sugar, Allom,, 
Farthings, Pins, Tobacco* and almoft all things 
elfe ^ together with that one compendium of all 
Oppreffion and Slavery, called Ship-money. 

The torture of our bbdies,by mod cruel whip* 
pings, flitting of nofes, cutting off ears, branding 
of cheeks , ; Racks and Pillories , with clofe Im- 
prifonment atpleafure , might be the fooner for- 
gotten ,. had notour fouls been alfo lorded over, 
led captive into Superftition and Idolatry, tri- 
umphed on by Oathes ex officio , Excommunicati- 
ons, 



ons 3 Ceremonious Amciesnc!^^^^^^ 
Oathes, &c. 

One thing more was found, to makeusworfe 
then Staves, in that we might nor. hope for liberty : 
The very name of Parliament became fo odious 
at the Court, that if in twelve ycers time there was 
fo much as one fummoned , it ferved but to fhew 
the lawleffe power of thofc that could not be con- 
tent onely to diffolve it at pleafure , but we muft 
be forbidden by Proclamation to fpeak or hope 
for another Parliament : And at fuch diffoluti- 
ons, there was no Priviledge ftrong enough to fe- 
curetheclofets, cabinets, pockets andperfons ©f 
thofe that in duty and conscience did but vote or 
ad as men above meer (teves : this was fault enough 
for clofe imprifonment and death $ for that hath 
alfo followed. 

Nor was it enough thus to enflave one King- 
dom , but the fame Proje&ors who had fo en- 
thralled England, muft contrive alfo to reduce Ire- 
land, and conform Scotland, t.hat fo the mingling of 
neighbour-tears, might by fyriipathy increafe each 
others wo. 

Scotland was to bcthefirft Scene, where a new 
£ y turgic , with new Canons, are to make the Pro - 
I ogue to the following Ad. 

This not fucceeding as was hoped, an Ar- 
my mull: be raifed to force complyance • but 
fcy the mediation of the Englifh Lords, a Pa- 
cification is concluded g and it held till the 
Kings returne to Court made faioi forget and 

C 2 . difavow 



^L-f 



(20) 
dtfavovv it : but the burnt Articles left afhese^ 
nough to beget a new flame. 

There wanted but a farm of Law to make 
all juft : For this 3 and for fupply 5 not for advice, 
a Parliament is ventured on, yet with Provi- 
fo, that it fhould not hurt, although it would 
not help 5 and not complying (as was hoped 
to aflift that Warre againft the Scots) was 
crime enough to merit diflblution with a falfe 
and fcandalous Declaration in the King's 
Name. 

The Parliament being diffolved^the King took 
from his fubjefts by power what he could not o- 
therwife obtain. 

We need not tell the world how in the midft 
of all our miferies the Scots (our Brethren) en- 
tered with a powerfull Anny, marching on as 
friends, till they were forced to make their paf- 
fage over Tine. 

It was then thought neceffary by the King to 
fummon this prefent Parliament 5 in which wee 
did proceede with eafe fo long as there was 
but any hope wee would comply with him a- 
gainft the Scots 3 and give affiitance to that 
Warre. 

But he quickly found it vain to hope to be fup- 
plyed by us againft the Scots 5 And when we be- 
gan to confider.how we came to be again invol- 
ved in a new Warre (notwithftanding the late 
Pacification) we faw it impoffible to qualh thofe 
pernitious counfels at the prefent, or to prevent 

them 



•2-4? 



( 2 r) 

them for the future without queftioning their 
Authors : At this the King difcovered himfelffa 
ftrongly and paffionately afFe&ed to fuch malig- 
nant Counfellouis and their counfels^ that he 
would fooaer defert or force this Parliament and 
Kingdom 5 then alter his courfe, and deliver up his 
wicked Counfellors to Law and Juftice. 

By this time the Queem pious deftgne (as they 
termed it) to advance Popery was almoft ready * 
for the birth v being helped much by a Popiih 
*Faft 3 enjoyned weekly by the Popes.Nuncio 5 and 
by Letters from Secretary Windtb&r.ck^ who durft 
not abide examination ? but after he was queftion- 
ed by the Houfe of Commons., got ? pafle from 
the Ring to go beyond fea. 

What was done abroad will hereafter appear,, 
although the King made : light of all our inteUi- 
gence from forraign parts % yet he could not fo 
well avoid or deny the Gommiffions given at 
Court to Popifli Agents for private levies, or that 
the Papiftsbegaeto rife and arme themfelvesin 
the North-welt of England and Wales , till they 
were fjppreflm 5. 01 that there were Regiments 
raifing and lifting in London snd part£ad;oyning 3 
uader pretence of fouldiers for Portugal ^ or that 
fome of thefe came to feize 8c pcfijeffe themfelves 
of the Tower, and the Lieutenant threamed for 
refufing them ^ all which he knew might be fuffi» 
ciencly proved 

To the like pious defigne wee may referre the 
great Cabali for bringing up the Northern Army 
to over awe the Earliament 3 which the King did fo 

. $ften 



„- 



^ ^ « wten and folemnly difevow, a* mthfag hut kefe 
dtjcomfes of a msdejl Petition y which aifo vamfkt iw& or 
three months (he faith) hcfire rve knew it* 

Bui he now knoweth we can prove the chief 
pan of that Cabal came from himfelf to the main 
A&ors , arid that fome of them did diffwade him 
from his way 5 becaufe k was fo fharp and high, ex- 
ceeding the limits of Honoui and Law : And yet 
their propofitions which were the lower way ? were 
much above the fize oi Petitions, as they are alrea- 
dy publifhcd in their own Confeflions, And it is ve- 
ry ft range, Mr. Percy 3 Sir $chn $uckling y zx\& Mx.Ger- 
min (fent away by the King's fpecial warrant)fhould 
flee beyond Sea onely upon difcovcry of amodeft * 
Petition. 

But notwithftanding any diffwafions^yet theKing 
perfifted in his way ^ fo that after this, there was ap- 
pointed a Meeting of Officers at Burrwgh bridge^ 
and Propofitions maiJe \ with private Inftru&ions 
brought from the King , by fome that told them 
they were unwife to fliew their teeth , except they 
would bite ; and that the King would pawn his 
Jewels for them,would they be faithful to him^and 
if they marched forward , they fbould be met by 
the Prince and the EarJ of NemaftU with a good 
body of Horfe •, and that the French alfo would be 
ready to affift them. 

This was in April , and we had notice of this in 
thepeginning of il/^when alfo there was a defigne 
foffome French to have feized on Portfmmth, whi- 
ther the Queen was then going : but the Ports were 
better fecured, by a fpecial Committee. 

So 



So far was it alio from vanifliing divert 
months before our notice, that fome of 
thofe Gabalifts , after examination by us, 
were againe attempted by the King, and 
fome of them fent again to the Army with 
new inftru&ions and dire&ions figned by 
the King himfeK, a? moft clearly appea- 
red) by comparing the Journalls of May 
1641 with the months following 'j toge- 
ther with the time fpecified in the confessi- 
ons of Sir Jacob Afitejfy Sir John Conyers y 
Colohell L*gg andothers^ already publifb- 
ed. 

And wfien there was yet demur a- 
mong the chief Officers, there went another 
agent from Court , ta quicken them > and 
treat of fome dire&ions figned by theKing: 
But he was to go farther , the Scots Army 
t bemg then at New-Caftlc 

What offers were made to them of the 
plunder of London, if they would advance, 
or of (our Northerne Counties, with three 
hundred thoufand pounds or Jewels of 
great value, but to fland Neuters in than de- 
figne,is already declared by fome who may 
better know thePropoOtions madfc byQneal 
_ (who. 



^t<h 



(who brake prifon here) Sir John Hinder- 
fon and others with letters of credence 
from the King j After that he was fo refc- 
lutc to go into Scothnd, that he could not 
be pcriwadedby our petitions to deferre 
that journey 5 and though in the year \-6ai 
he was nor pie^icd to leave fuch a Com- 
mifsion as the Parliament deflred of him 
yet was he pleated before in they eare 1 620 
to intruft Secretary Windebanhg aknowne 
favourer of papifts, with blanke jheets both 
of parchment and paper figned with his 
iigne Mjnnuall, which were employed by 
him for difpofing great commands by land 
and Sea. * 

It is well known what letters the King 
fertintolrelandjjy the Lord i?*&/z imme- 
diately before the Rebellion, and where 
the great Seale of Scotland was, and in 
whofe hands when that commifsion was 
ftalt d at Edenburgh to the Irifh Rebels, 
who difperfed Copies thereof in Ireland, 
wiih letters or Proclamations.and we have 
a copy thereof attefted by Oath, with 
depofkions alfo of thofe who have feen it 
under the Seal. 

Which 

* ■*. ■ . ■ • "• ■ ■.■•■. 



Which Comrmffion was promifcd ( as fomc 
of the chiefcft Rebells confefied ) to the Infli 
Committee at London^ for the moll part Pa- 
pifts, ( which was thought a good Omen)- and 
fincc moft aftive Rebels, upon whofc private 
mediation the King gave away more then Five^ 
Counties , faying, That hee expefted they fhould 
recomp nee him fome other way-, and, That hee 
would willingly grant all their defires , but hec 
was opprcflTed by the Parliament in England , 
of whom he wifhed that he could be revenged. 

It hath formerly been Declared , how wee defi- 
led and preffed the King to disband that Irifh Po- 
pifhXrmy, which fas was cleared at the Earl of 
Str affords tryall) was raifed to reduce the 
Kingdomes : But fometimes hee would give no 
anfwer at all, and fometimes did plainly tell us, 
Hee could not disband it for Reafons beft 
known to himfelf : Sometimes the Scots mutt 
firft disbandj and then there was a new pretence 
of divers Regiments promifed to Sfaine , for 
which the King was engaged, and could not goc 
back. 

Which wee now wonder not at, for by the 
Confeffion of Mac Carte and Macgmre^ with 
others, it is cleare, that this pretence of men for 
the King of Sfaines fervke, was but a colour to 
keep fome in Armcs for a foundation of that 
Rebellion-, and that fome of the Committee 
comming from London^ contrived this Plot for 
defence of the King , who was then (t h ey faid) fa 
much injured in England and Scotland* 

D And 



^*^ 



£ | $ 



And the firft claufe of that Oath enjayned by 
the Generall Counccll of Rebells, was y To 
bcare true Faith and Allegiance to King Charles^ 
and by all meanes to maintain his Royal] Prero- 
gative a^ainft the Puritans in the Parliament of 
England. 

And although we Declared to the King, That 
they -ftyled themfelves the Kings or Queenes 
Army, yet we coiM not obtain a Proclamation 
againft them in diners Moneths , and then alfc- 
but Forty Copies might be Printed, andexprefle 
Order given^ That none fiiould bee publifbed till 
his further dircdions , as appeared) under his 
own Secretaries hand. 

Which might very well ftai^d with the Let- 
ters from Court to 'the Lord Mutkery (a great 
Rebel! mMttnfter) who was aff tired, his ,-M'ajefty 
was well pleafed with what he dkl, and wonld in. 
vmc give him thanks for it, although for the 
jprefentk did not then ftand with the convenience 
of the Kings affaires, to give him pub-lick eounte- 
fiaace 5 and this was afterwards made good by the 
King, who in one of the Letters taken at Nafeby y 
/ commandeth the Bade of Ormondxo give par- 
ticular thanks to the faid Muskery and fWh km. 

Wee may yet remember how the Earle of 
JLehefier was delayed and detained by the King 
{ beyond all pretence^ from going againft the -Rc- 
kels* 

How alfo the King refufeda Commi^fionfofen 
asked bybothHoufes^ for the MrftWflriKfi and 
Lord Wharton^ when at feveiaU times there were 

large 



*2-t 



C 



'?'%* ' v^ ; 



07) 

large Provisions made for relief of Munfler^ and 
otfier Parts fo much diftreffed, that Linen ck was 
wholly loft. 

But when the Rebels wanted Commanders at 
their very beginning., we have long iinee named 
divers Papifts and Perfons of quality that by the 
Kings fpeciail Warrants after the Ports were fhu£ 
by both Houfes of Parliament, pafled hence, and 
headed the faid Rebels. 

And wee likewife named Commanders and 
Officers, whom the King called off from .their 
Truft againft the Rebels , and Ships from their 
Guards at Sea, that fo the Rebels might be fup- 
plyed with Forraign aides, befides all the Armes 
and Ammunition they had from the Kings Ma- 
gazines there, and from hence alfo, by the Earle 
of Antrini , Lord Aboln and others from the 
Queene , although the Councellof Ireland de~ 
firing fome Peeces of Battery from hence for 
the poore Protectants there, could not obtaine 
them from the King : But fome of our Ships 
fent to rekive them , were feized by his men of 
Warre fas the Cloathes and other Provifionsby 
Land ) and fold or exchanged for Armes and 
Ammunition for the King: and the Rebels gave 
Letters of Mart for taking the Parliaments Ships 3 
but freed the Kings as their very good friends. 

Let the World now judge , how much rea- 
fon wee had to beleive the Rebels , when they 
did fo often fweare they did nothing without 
good Authority and Commiffion fronf the King-, 

D 2 fo 



OS) 

fo that Sit fhetimOneale would not bee perfwa* 
ded, Generall X^//^ had any Authority from the 
King againft the Rebels. 

Divers Moneths alfo before it began •, There 
was information given upon Oath, to the Arch- 
Bilbop and others of the Kings Councell, That 
there was a great defigne among the Papifts for* 
a fJenerall MafTacre of alltheProreftants in Ire- 
land and England zKo, and that a great Royall 
Perfcn had a hand in it, but it was to bee managed, 
by dire&ion from the Pope. 

And befides the Kings Letters to the Pope, 
when hee was in Spaine, and others, long fince 
his return, on the behalf of the DukcofLerratgne 
( which iriuft bee requited bythefaid Duke with 
a Forraign Army to invade England upon the 
Kings defigne) It is clear, that fome Moneths be- 
fore the Irifh Rebellion, the King had an Agent 
in Rome, as by divers of his owne Secretaries pa- 
pers appeared^ 

Afld that the fame defignes were laid for 
England alfo at the fame time,if,we might not be- 
leivc the confeffion of the Queene Mothers Ser- 
vant, (attefted upon Oath) that there were many 
thoufands appointed to cut the Protectants 
throats in this Kingdome alfo, when the Kiog 
lyent toScotlandiyct we may remcmber,it was con- 
icfled by fomeofthePrincipall Rebels, that their 
Popifh Committee here with the King, had com- 
municated that defigne to many Papifts in E*~ 
gland, by whofe advice^ though fome things wer« 

altered, 



Op) **> 

altered, yet it was generally concluded that about 
the fame time there fhould be the like proceedings 
of the Papifts here-, infomuch that when Charle 
Mont was feized in Ireland^Sir Fhelirn Oneale and 
other great Rebels did with much confidence af- 
firme the Tower was alfo feized at London and the 
Arch-Bifliop releafed by their party here, where 
they faid, there was as much blood running as in 
Ireland. 

And it is very well known that upon the Kings 
returne from Scotfandjacfidss the unufuall prepa- 
rations of Ammunition and Armcs , with hew 
Guards within and about WhitehaBimi. befides the 
great quantity of Fire-workes found and taken in 
Papifts houfes, the Tower was alfo .filled with new 
Guards^many Cannoneeres, Granadocs, and all 
forts of Eire- workcs,Moiters,with great peeces of 
Battery, ready prepared and mounted againft the 
City. Sir William Balfour, (who was formerly 
threatened) for refufing the new Guards while the 
Eirl of Strajfordlived^ was now difplaced,3nd fuch 
Officers placed by the King, as were not ortely 
fuipe&edby us, but the whole City, (who durft 
not abide in their own houfes) as by their fevcrall 
Petitions is manifeft . 

From this time the track of open force againft 
thU Parliament and Kingdomc did appear more 
vifibic. 

The charge of Treafon againft fome of both 
Houfes, and that unparelkd A<3 of violence by the 
Kings comming fo attended to the Houft of Com- 

D 3 mons^ 



(3® 

mens, ( after he had discharged our Guards, deny- 
ing us any, but what might reftrain or overawe us) 
wa$ but the Prologue to a bloody Tragedy , had 
not tte Parliament, and good affe<5tions of the Ci- 
ty interrupted that deiign, and caufed the Kings 
new Guards (already lifted and moulded under 
Colonels and other Officers J to withdraw a little 
to another fervice.. 

Neither would the Countrey more comply with 
thefe defignes, although they were attempted with 
unufuall arguments, and armed Troops in warlike 
manner to compel them* which fucceeded yet fc il, 
that the Lord Digby durft not abide the tryall, but 
was fent away upon a fpeciall Errand by the Kings 
own Warrant. 

What his Errand was beyond Sea, we may well 
conclude from the Lift of Arms and Ammunition 
(for which we can product the Kings own Hand) 
taken amongft his Papers, and printed with his 
Letters to the Queen 3 at her firft landing in HoL 

What advice hee gave for the Kings retiring to 
fome fafe place, and declare himfelf \ and how the 
King followed it, it is known well enough. 

But before the Kings fettling at T0rk y the notice 
we had of his Commiffions to the Earl of New- 
caftle, and Colonell Legg, for attempting Nervca- 
file and Hull^ may juftly occafion us to provide for 
their fecurky, e(pecially when wee had certain 
intelligence from the Low-Countreys of Forraign 
Forces from Denmark 3 to come in about Z/W/, 

whither 



whither alfo came with the Lord Digby , divers 
Commanders, with much Ammunition and Arms 
from other For rai^n Parts . 

And had not the Swedes at that time invaded 
part of the King ofDenmarks Dominions, we had 
had reafon enough to expe&aftormthat way, to 
have fallen alfo on Hull r where was then a great 
Magazine-, and before we ever asked the King to 
remove it, wee reprefented to him, that befides all 
other intelligence of former Negotiations ^ Wee 
had good notice of a Fleet preparing in Denmark , 
and that one of the Lord DigUes fervants had 
follicited a Mariner (or Pilot) to .conduct it into 
Mull. 

And before that time, the King had difpatched 
an Agent into Denmark J with Letters of Credit^ 
complaining agairaft the Parliameat as unjuftly 
fixed onthedeftruciion of oneman,, (the, Earl of 
Straff or i y then living) but he was refolved to take 
another courfe, and therefore defired Ayde* 

And there came fueh an anfwer,that among the 
large offers made to the Scots before the Kings go* 
km into Scotland. They were told, the King was. 
affurtdof Horfes and Mony from Denmark. And 
by an intercepted Letter from the Hague to Secret 
tary Nicholas^ long fince publiflied,wee found,that 
(befides many Armes and Cannon then provided 
in HollandyEheYC were alfo coitiming from Den- 
marke Ships with Ten thouland Armes for Foot> 
and Fifteen hundred Horfe for the Kings ufe, And 
that Cochran very handfomely evaded, that which 
was like to have fruftrated all their expectations 
Irom thence* 



XTK) 

And in Ceckrms latter Inftru<fftons ( for there 
had been others before into Denmark) longfincc 
printed t, The King faith, We were then beginning 
to make head againft him 5 and were then leavying 
Forces, And therefore he prefleth for Men,Mony 3 
Armes 5 and Ships, from Devmarke for which alfo 
heufcth many Arguments 3 and among others one 
in thefe words •, 

That in pur fiance of their great defign of 
extirpating the Royall Blood and Monarchy 
of England, they lave endevored likgwije to 
lay a great blemijh up m his Key all Family, 
endevoring to Illegitimate all derived from 
bis Sifter, at once tocutcjftbe Intereji and 
pretentions of the whole Race\ which their 
mofi detijiahte and fcandalom Defign they 
have purfued, examining witmffes , and 
conferring circumjiances and times to colour 
their pretentions info great a faulty and 
which, as His J acred Majefty of England in 
the true fenfeof Honor of his Mother doth 
abhor, and will pump y fo he expe&s bis 
concurrence in vindicating a Sijier of fo 
happy memory, and by whom f$ near an union 
and continued League of Amity bath been 
produced between the Families and King- 
domes. 

A 



i A oioft fa lfe fcandaloas charge of that which 
never entred into our thoughts, So chat we beleive 
there never was a more unworthy Ad done by a- 
ny Prince, fo to betray HisTruft and people to a 
forraigneNation^by incenfing them with luch an 
odious dander to the fhamc of his owne Mother, 

Which we repeat therather, becaufe whea we 
declared our Intelligence that Cockerax was fent 
mtoEetmarke to procure forces thence. 7 he King 
ttifavmed it, calling it a vile Scandall, in his an* 
fwerto eur D eclaratloncfthe 22 gf Oftober. 1642 . 

In the fmie Inftru&ionsto Cockeran^Ht dc- 
clareth alfo that He their expe^ed afliftance from 
all his neighbour Princes and Allies, in particu- 
lar the greateft part of the States Fleet from 
Holland^ whither he confefled hee had then fen t 
theQpeen. <, 

He might alfo have added that with the Qucen 5 
contrary to his traft, he had feht the an tient Jew- 
ells of the Crowne of England (of a very vaft va- 
lue) to be pawned or fold for Ammunition and 
Armes, of which we had certaine knowledge be- 
fore we tooke up Armes* 

Neither had we fo much as once asked the (et- 
ling of the Militiarill : he Queen was going into 
Halloed* 

And it may t>e remembrcd that many months be- 
fore the voyage to Holland, She was going be- 
yond Sea, had nor cur motions to the King flayed 
her (And that am^ng other reafomgiven)beCtfi)fe 

E we 



•2-f/ 



t (54) 

wethcn alfo heard, fhe had packed Hp the Crown 
Jewells and Plate, by which we might fee what 
wastbei alfo intended by thafr journey had we not 
prevented it till the Winter^ 

But at Burrough Brings (before the Ear le of 
Strajfc*e& death) the Officers were told the King 
would pawn his Jewells for them,and,the French; 
were promifed ro aflift them* 

All this and much more yet to be faid maketh 
us (land amazed at the Kings Solemne Prorefta-" 
tions, Co often m ide, Galling God to witnefle and 
revenge it alio, if he had any thought of bringing 
up the Northerne Army, or of Leavying Forces 
to wage Warre with his Parliament, or to invade 
thcRightsof his Subje6h, or of bringing in for- 
raisne Forces or ayds frotirbeyond Sea which (as 
hipifelfe faith) in His Declarations would not* 
onely bury this Kingdome in fuddaine diftru&i- 
oa and ruine, But His owne Name and Pofterity> 
in perpetuall fcorne and Infamy* 

Yet at very firft when Himfelfe and the Lords 
n^adefucha Proteftation at Torke againft Lea- 
vying Forces, He commanded his SubjeSs by 
Proclamation to reffi ft the Orders-of Parliament s 
And had figned that moft illegaH Commiflion 
of Array, And did privately contrive the gctti«£* 
out of the Stores, Ships or otherwife fuch Ord- 
nance, Powder fhot and Ammunition, as could 
be pofllbly got and provided, for which we can 
produce a Letcer of 20. June 16^1. under his own 

hand 



hand, to Sir John Hejdcn Lieutenant of the Ord- -z sS* 

nance to convey it fecrctly in Ballaft of Ships, and 
required Subfcriptions for Plate, Horfes, and 
Armes, And had alfo raifed fuch Guards of Horfe 
andFcote about hmi, that by them He did not 
onely sbufe our Committees /ent unto him,Beate 
curpubliqueOfficersandMeflfengers, proted no- 
torious Papifts, Traytors or Felons, fuch as Beck- 
nith and others from the Pojje Ccnmitatus, But 
alfo-withthole Guarels,Onnons and^Armes from 
beyond Sea, did attempt to force Hull in an Ho- 
fh!e manner, and that within few dayes after that 
fbJemne Ptoteftation at Twk, 

It was not long before lie proclaimed us Rebells 
and Traitcurs, fettmguphisfiandard againft the 
Parliament^which never any King of England did 
before him felf. 

Nor did ever any but King Charles fetupa mock 
Parliament at Oxford pr any other place, to oppofe 
and proteft $gainft the Parliament ©f England 
which himfeltand both houfes had eoutinued by 
Ail of Parliament. 

And when he had made thofe pretended mem 
bers at Oxford to falfifie their faith and truft 
they owed to this Kingdome,findiug that by them 
he could not carry on his own pernicious defignes^ 
he derided their meeting in a letter to the Queen 
and called them a mungrell Parliament, whereby 
his own party may perceive what reward they 
muftcxpe<3 when they have done their utmoft to 
E z fhipwrack 



firip^rack their faith and conference to his will 
and Tyranny, and for calling in of forreigne for- 
ee% befidss mx which Wte have faid already, it is 
very well known by his ownLetters taken at Nafe- 
iy, and the Lord Dirties Cabinet, what negoti- 
ation he hath long had in all Stares round about 
»s • we have^alfo remaining with as an authentic^ 
Copy of his Commiflftofr for calling over tenne 
thoufand of thelrtfh Rebells to fubdue this Palia* 
inent, the difloyall and Rebellious City of Lon- 
«&# (as he catleth it) and for this purpofefexpreily 
againftan A&'of Paliament)hemadeapacificati- 
cation firft, and fince a Peace with thofe m >& 
cruellblouiy Rebefls, on fuch odious ftiamefull, 
and unworthy conditions, that himfelf blulhed 
toown or impart them to his own Lieutenant thd 
Barl of Ormond, but a private cotnmiffion was 
made to the Lord k^rbert (called Earle of Gla- 
morgan) commanding him to manage it with all 
poflible Secrefie, 

And for letting us fee this itecret commiflion 
(which was taken at Stigo) the faid Lord did en- 
dure a fpecious confinement. 

Neither do we by this time wonder he fhould 
forget his Vows and Proteftations,that be' would 
never con fen t (uron what foever pretence) to a to- 
leration of the Popifh profeflion, or abolition of 
the Lawesthen in force again ft Recufants, with 
moft folemne imprecarions that God would fo 
dealewith himand his.as he continued in fuch 

ptroftflions 



)" 



(17) "*£#$ 

profeffion*, and inviolaMy kept thofe Ptoteftati- 
ons, not withftanding about the very fame time,it 
appearesby Letters under his own liand to the 
Qtieen and the Earl ofOrmendfhat he would con- 
fent to the taking away all Penall Lawes againfl 
Papifts both in England mi Ireland. 

And alfo we had Sufficient notice and proofs of 
moft of thefe things before, notwithftanding ail 
Bis breach of truft with the Proteftants in France^ * 

Scotland^ Ireland and this Kingdome, which (be- 
fides all other oppreiftons by unjuft Prerogative) 
he hath fo often endeavoured to enflave by Ger- 
mane, Spanifh, French , Lorraine , Iri'lh , Danifh, 
and other fbrreign forces, yet fo really, we fought 
his own af well as the Kingdomes Peace and happi- 
nefle, that after fo many denyalls we made this laft 
application fo juft and honourab!e ? that we cannot 
but now conclude he hath wholly forgotten not 
only his duty to the Kingdome, But alfo the care-' 
and refpeA he gws tohimfelf and his own family. 
Thefe are feme few of the many reafons why we 
cannot repofe any more truft in him , and have 
made thofe fbsmer refolutious, yet we (hall ufe our 
utmoft endeavours ro fettle the prefent -govern- 
ment, as may beflrftand with the- Peace andhappi-- 
nefle of this Kingdome. 




TL^TL 



$<rb