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Declliam Transcript Press, 


WIDOW MARY DRAPER Evastus WoTtMngton. 1 

SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS OF DEDHAM Cavlos Slaftev. 7, 48, 106 


ETC, 1629-1800 Howard Eedwood Guild. 10 


MOSES AND AARON LEWIS Geovge H. Lewis. 16 

DEDHAM IN THE REBELLION Joseph H. LatUvop. 19, 65, 111 

WRENTHAM BIRTHS, 1711-1714 26 


Mrs. Anna M. Fickford. 28, 60, 140 

DIARY OF DR. NATHANIEL AMES Edna F. Colder. 33, 77, 115, 145 


THE FISHER FAMILY FMHp Adsit FisJier. 38, 76, 117, 154 

LABAN LEWIS Carll A. Lewis. 39 

DEDHAM MARRIAGES, 1844-1890 40 



CAPTAIN JOSEPH GUILD Mrs. George F. Fisher. 43 


Lyman Partridge. 51, 100, 148 

CARRIAGES BEFORE 1776 C W. Emst. 57 

BIRTHS IN STOUGHTONHAM (NOW SHARON) William B. Mann. 70, 119, 152 


DEDHAM HISTORICAL SOCIETY, Annual Eeport, 1896, 79 

HANNAH ADAMS Mrs. Olive M. Tilden. 83 




Carlos Slafter. 123 


THE AAEON SMITH TUZZLE, Geovcje K. Clarke. 136 




1. Priscilla Clarke, Daniel Pond 40 

2. Elizabeth Wheaton 40 

3. Farrington, Price, Aldridge, Ayer or Ager 82 

4. Joel Metcalf— Lucy Gay 122 

5. Thomas — Edwards — Metcalf 156 


Metcalf Eamily 156 

INDEX 157 


OLD DRAPER HOUSE, WEST ROXBURY. A half-tone view of the 

home of Mary Draper Facing titlejmge. 


THE AVERY SCHOOL. A half-tone plate from a photograph 

taken by Mr. W. H. Bamsay on February 10, 1S96 41 


HANNAH ADAMS. An electrotype plate, from the History of 

3Iedfield by Tilden ; used by the author' s permission 83 

THE PILLAR OF LIBERTY'-. A zinc plate of the loesterlyface 123 

THOMAS wight's GRANT. A ziw plate showing the homestead. 147 


DKDHAM Historical Socihty. 


Dox Gleason Hill, 

Erastus Worthixgtox, . 

johx h. burdakix, . . 

Julius H. Tuttle, . . . 

Harriet T. Boyd, , . . 

George W. Humphrey, . 

Dox Gleasox Hill, 
Erastus Worthixgtox, 
Hexry W. Richards, 
JoHX H. Burdakix, 
A. Ward Lamsox, 
Carlos Slafter, 

Vice-Presiden t. 

Co7-7'esponding Sea-etary 
Recording Secretary. 



Dox Gleasox Hill, 
Julius H. Tuttle, 
Julius H. Tuttle, 
Harriet T. Boyd, . 
Edxa F. Calder, 
AI. Gardxer Boyd, 


\ Covunittee on PuhIicatio?i 




\ Associate Editors. 


Busi?iess Manager. 














The Dedham Historical Register. 

Vol. VII. January, 1896. No. 1. 



[Authorities: Women of the American Kevolution, by Elizabeth F. Ellet, Vol. II., 
1851; Diaries of Nathaniel Ames and of Rev. William Clark of Dedham; Dedham Records 
(Hill), Vols. I. and II; Norfolk Trobate Records aud Records of Deeds; The Drapers in 
America, by Thomas Wain-Morgan Draper, 1881; Revolutionary Times, by Edward 
Abbott, 187!); Madam Knight's Journal, 1704.] 

n^HE name of Mary Draper of Dedham, for many years, in 
-*- several books and publications, has been associated with 
some patriotic work, done by her during the opening days of the 
American Revolution, which entitles her to our grateful remem- 
brance and admiration. The incidents of the narrative are by 
no means extraordinary, but sucli as might naturally transpire 
at such a time, when the actor was a woman of strong character, 
inspired by patriotic impulses, with tlie opportunityafforded of 
giving them expression. 

The story is not now reproduced simply for rehearsal, since 
it has already been so well and fully told ; but as the published 
accounts give no facts concerning the personal history of Mary 
Draper, or point out the spot where she lived, about which some 
interest has been expressed, and the present writer having made 
some recent researches for such information, with satisfactory 
results, in accordance with the request of the Dedham Historical 
Society, he feels justified in recalling the story as it has been told. 

The account of Mary Draper's patriotic spirit and deeds first 
appeared in the " Women of the American Revolution," a work 
published in 1851 by Mrs. Elizabeth F. Ellet, a writer of repu- 
tation, and her book, now out of print, is well and favorably 

Read before the Dedham Historical Society, December 4, 1895. The front- 
ispiece follows a photogi-aph which has been reproduced in " The Drapers in 
America," page 22, and is given here by the author's permission. 

2 31 ART DRAPER. [Jan. 

known. Airs. Ellet considered Mary Draper to be worthy of a 
place among* those women in the time of the Revolution who be- 
came historic characters as the wives of men prominent in civil 
or military life, and she devotes a separate chapter to her story. 
In a foot-note Mrs. Ellet says ; "The facts were communicated 
to me by a lady who was well acquainted with Mrs. Draper, and 
has often heard her relate particulars of the war.'' 

This tradition, upon which the story rests for authority, is 
thus distinctly traced and well authenticated. In a book entitled 
"Revolutionary Times," by Edward Abbott, published in 1876, 
the author speaks of Mrs. Draper with "peculiar admiration." 
In the last October number of " Woman's Progress," a magazine 
published in Philadelphia, the facts are again detailed very fully 
and appreciatively, the author of the article saying, " she was 
certainly the most patriotic (woman) in the State of Massachu- 
setts." With these published accounts before us it is necessary 
to give only the substance of the story. 

The days which immediatel}'" followed what was known in the 
language of the time as the " Lexington Alarm," were busy with 
warlike preparations in the little village of Dedham. Situated 
upon the post road leading from Boston to Rhode Island, the 
minute-men and militia, who responded with alacrity to the ex- 
pected call to arms, came down from the country side south of 
Dedham, and from Rhode Island and Connecticut. We are not 
left to imagination for these facts. In the diary kept at that 
time by the Rev. William Clark, the Episcopal clergyman tlien 
residing here, the following entries appear : — 

April 20. A terrible and distressing time such as New England 
never saw before. 

April 22. Many reports are circulating and things are yet in a great 
state of uncertainty. 

April 25. Providence artillery goes by and several companies 
from that way. 

April 28. Provincial cannon removed to Dedham. 

April 29. Soldiers go by yet 

April 30. Several large companies go by. 



In the diary of Dr. Nathaniel Ames are these entries : — 

April 23. Connecticut forces gone to Boston's siege. 

May 1. Few people escape out of Boston. 

May 11. Public fast for the times. 

May 26. Large cannon from Providence pass by. 

In 1775, a little more than a mile from where the Court 
House in Dedham now stands, on the post-road leading to Rox- 
bury, now called Centre Street, opposite the present location of 
the Jewish Cemetery, there lived a widow named Mary Draper. 
Her husband, Moses Draper, died on January 21, of that year. 
In her recent widowhood the care of the farm mainly devolved 
upon her. Her eldest son, Moses, was about thirty-one years of 
age and married. Her other children had grown up, excepting 
the youngest, a boy of thirteen years. How many of the chil- 
dren remained at home cannot now be told. Moses Draper, Jr., 
marched as Second Lieutenant in one of the three companies of 
the Roxbury minute-men. 


The line betw^een Roxbury 
and Dedham, as will be seen 
by reference to the diagram, 
ran a short distance in front 
of her house and through her 
farm. The house stood just 
over the line in Roxbury, but 
the baptisms of all the chil- 
dren appear upon the records 
of the Dedham Church, and 
she owned one half of a gal- 
lery pew in the meeting house 
of theFirst Parish in Dedham. 
The 23roximity of her house 
to Dedham village naturally 
made her one of that community. It was placed upon 
a knoll in the middle of a bend in the road, and nearly a century 
before had attracted the passing traveller to its hospitable shelter. 


The opportunity had now come for Mrs. Draper to show her- 
self true to the patriotic cause in a womanly way. Perhaps she 
saw in each passing detachment and company of soldiers the 
friends and comrades of her first born son, who had already 
marched to meet the " red coats.*" However this may have been, 
it entered into her mind to provide food and drink for the sol- 
diers who came to her door. Accordingly, from day to day, she 
fired her ample brick ovens to bake loaves for the multitude. 
Before her door she spread a board on which she placed the 
bread with cheese, a combination familiar to the New-England 
palate. She also had cider brought out in tubs which was 
served to the soldiers. We are not told how long the family 
stores of the Draper mansion were sufficient to meet the draught 
made upon them, but we may well believe there was no limit to 
the patriotic hospitality of its mistress so long as both supply 
and demand lasted. 

It is well known that during the siege of Boston, which was 
maintained for nearly a year afterwards, there was a scarcit}^ of 
ammunition. Notwithstanding the supplies received from Con- 
necticut and other colonies, still there was a demand made upon 
private resources; and again Mary Draper was read}^ to respond 
to this call. For that purpose she melted her pewter, platters 
pans and dishes, which in the eyes of a New England house- 
wife were as precious as family silver in more pretentious house- 
holds, and melted them into bullets in a mould which belonged to 
her husband's effects. 

During the war frequent demands were made upon the in- 
habitants of Dedham, for clothing and supplies for the Conti- 
nental army. Cloth in those days was homespun ?nd woven on 
family looms. To spin and to weave were among the accom- 
plishments of the young women of the eighteenth century. Mrs. 
Draper, we are told, made coats from cloth woven in her own 
household, and from her sheets and blankets made shirts for 
the continental soldiers. 

Such without amplification v/as the practical patriotism of 
Mrs. Mary Draper. She showed her faith by her works. These 

1896.1 MABY DBAPEB. 5 

bespeak a woman of strong character, highly patriotic, with sym- 
pathies not limited to her own kindred, and ready to give of her 
substance at the country's calk It will be noted they were per- 
formed in her own house, in that natural and unconscious way 
which always marks heroic action. Her acts shine through the 
mists of a century and more with undiminished lustre, and 
whenever the days after the ^'Lexington Alarm" in Dedham 
shall be recalled, let the patri- 

otic deeds of Mrs. Mary Draper c^^^ W ^^apt/}^ 
be told as a memorial of her. ^\ 

Mrs. Draper was the daughter of Nathan and Mary (Chick- 
ering) Aldis, and was born April 4, 1719. The marriage of her 
father and mother appears on the Dedham Records as of April 
19, 1715. No record has been found of her own marriage to 
Moses Draper. It is said this was her second marriage, being 
at the time a widow Allen. The following entry upon the 
records of the Dedham Church shows the time of her death : — 

Nov. 20, 1810. Wid: Mary Draper aged 92 years, of old age. 

Her will was proved January 1, 1811, Dr. Nath. Ames and 
her son David being the executors. The homestead then came 
into the hands of David Draper, who occupied it for many years. 
In 1838 the house and building, with fifteen acres of land, were 
sold by David Draper to Nathaniel Fisher of Boston, and May 
14, 1839, the same estate was sold to Dr. Jeremy Stimson. Dr. 
Stimson owned the farm during his life and it is still owned by 
his heirs. The house was destroyed by fire in 1870. 

The Draper house was one of the very few houses of the emi- 
grant settlers in this vicinity which stood after the middle of the 
present century. There seems to be satisfactory evidence that it 
was built by James Draper, the first settler. He was admitted towns- 
man in Dedham in 1653, and in 1690 in Roxbury, where he died 
in 1694. The headstone of James Draper and his wife Miriam 
are yet standing in the cemetery at West Roxbury. The estate 
was inherited or purchased by Jonathan his son, the father of 
Moses the husband of Mary Draper. The projection in the 
gable, the long slope of the rear roof and the large chimney in 

6 MAEY DRAPE Ft. [Jan. 

the centre, all of which appear in the frontispiece, are distin- 
guishing features of a house built in the seventeenth century. It 
was stated by David Draper to Dr. Stimson that it was one of 
the best constructed houses of its time. The visitor to its site 
to-day sees the old cellar of the size of one room, a common 
thing in old houses, the well half filled, the retaining walls 
along the passage-way from the house to where the barns and 
out buildings once stood, and the orchard planted no doubt in 
the present century. The bend in the old post-road has been 
discontinued by straightening Centre Street, so the site of the 
house does not now bound upon the street. 

There is another association which we may connect with 
this house as early as 1704. In Madam Knight's Journal of her 
memorable journey on horseback from Boston to New York and 
back, we find that she reached Dedham on her return, ^larch 2, 
1T04, and that she started with a fresh horse, hoping to reach 
Boston that night, but "it grew late in the afternoon and the 
people having very much discouraged us about the sloughy way 
which they said we should find very difficult and hazardous, it 
so wrought on me, being tired and despirited and disappointed 
of ni}" desires of going home, that I agreed to lodge there that 
night, which we did at the house of one Draper. " 

From these words of Madam Knight it appears that soon 
after leaving Dedham, it being late in the afternoon, and the 
way sloughy, she was persuaded to remain over night in the 
house of one Draper. The inference is justifiable that the house 
here referred to as standing in 1704 was the house of Mary 
Draper in 1775. 

Note.— In the inventory of the estate of Moses Draper, the husband of Mary Draper, 
dated March 28,1777, among the personal effects were two swords, a shot mould, fifty 
skeins of woolen yarn, and articles of pewter. One parcel of real estate was "an old 
house with twelve acres of land." These items furnish significant confirmation of what 
has been stated, especially in describing the house as an old one in 1777. E. \V. 


By Carlos Slafter, 

(Continued from Vol VI., page 123.) 

Miss Kebecca Dana Perry taught in West Dedham two 
summers, 1830 and 1831, and in the Second Middle District in 
1884, having previously taught in Dover, Mass. She was the 
daughter of Major Elijah and Mary (Jones) Perry, born in Natick, 
Mass., Sept., 1805, and was educated in a select school in Temple- 
ton, Mass. She married Stedman Hartwell of West Dedham, 
April 9, 1835. The eklest of her three children, Alfred Stedman 
Hartwell, graduated at Harvard, 1858, and has been a Justice of 
the Supreme Court and Attorney General of the Hawaiian Islands. 
Mrs. Hartwell died at South Natick, Mass., in June, 1872. 

Horatio Dorr, a native and long-time resident of Roxbury, 
Mass., was the East Street schoolmaster in the winter of 1830-31. 
He is still (1895) pleasantly remembered by one of his pupils. 

Miss Esther, daughter of Isaac Whiting, taught the Mill 
School the sunuiier term of 1829. She was born July 26, 1807, 
and married Amos Hall. 

Miss Esther Mann Whitney, for sixt}^ dollars, taught the 
Second Middle School twenty weeks, and boarded herself, in the 
summer of 1830. She was the daughter of Col. Moses and 
Nancy (Mann) Whitney of Wrentham, and began her work as 
a teacher with much promise in her native town. For twelve 
or fourteen years her teaching was of the nature of a kinder- 
garten. She taught a " select private school " for children in 
Troy, New York, and many of her pupils are now persons of 
worth and distinction. She never married. One of her contem- 
poraries writes: ''I remember her as a ver}^ attractive woman, 
of whom the young were very fond. It was only a year ago that 
she died; so that she lived to a good old age." Her last days 
were spent in Greenwich, Khode Island. 

From 1829 to 1882 Thomas Jefferson Melvin was master of 
the First Middle School. He was born in Ciiester, N. H., April 


11, 1808, the son of John and Susanna (Sargent) Melvin, and 
liis advanced education was obtained at Pinkerton Academy, in 
Derry, New Hampshire. In September, 1834, at Chester, lie was 
joined in marriage to Harriette Tenny, and, with the exception 
of four years spent in Danvers, Mass., continued to reside in his 
native town till he died there, Jan. 29, 1881. The larger part of 
his life he was engaged in mercantile business, and he is said to 
have held at different times all the important town offices. He 
was the Moderator of Chester town meetings for 25 years; for 
oO years Superintendent of the Sunday School and an officer of 
the Congregational Church. For several years he represented 
the town in the Legislature, and a part of the time was State 
Senator. In politics he was first a whig, later a republican. 

In 1830 Mary Baker taught the school in West Dedham a 
term of sixteen weeks. She was the daughter of John and Becca 
(Fisher) Baker of Fox Hill Street, born Dec. 22, 1801. She 
never man led and was for many years remarkable for her effi- 
ciency in the families of her near relatives. Her last days of age 
and feebleness were passed in Lincoln, Maine, at the liome of 
her sister Deborah. 

TJie primary department of the First Middle School about 
1882 was in charge, for a time, of Miss Louisa Allen, the daughter 
of Nathan and Catherine (Fisher) Allen, born in Medfield, 1819. 
She continued to reside in Dedham and was for years an active 
worker in the anti-slavery cause. Later she removed to Ply- 
mouth, Mass., where she spent her last days with her sister, Mrs. 

Mr. Joseph Augustus Wilder began to teach in Dedham in 
the Westfield district in 1829. Afterwards he taught success- 
fully in the East Street and the First Middle Schools, and later 
a private school in the house now occupied by Mrs. Benjamin 
Adams. He was the son of the liev. John and Esther (Tyler) 
Wilder of Attleboro, Mass., where in 1811 he was born, the tenth 
child of a family of twelve. He entered Brown University, but 
did not o-raduate. He married Marv Smith of Green Lodge? 
Dedham, Dec. 6, 1830. At one time he edited a newspaper in 

189G.] OF DEDUAM. 9 

Declliam. His last place of residence was Louisville, Kentucky, 
where he died in 1854, leaving one child, Mrs. J. H. B. Thayer, 
of Dedham. 

Miss Marg^aret Taft in 1832 v/as associated with Mr. Wilder 
in the instruction of the First Middle District. She was a native 
of Uxbridge, Mass., the daughter of Frederick and Abigail 
(Wood) Taft, and was joined in marriage to Calvin Guild of 
Dedham, May 19, 1836. Greatly beloved by a large circle of 
relatives and neighbors, she died in Dedham Jan. 23, 1891. 

Charles Andrews Farley, a graduate of Harvard in 1827, and 
afterwards a Unitarian clergyman, taught the East Street School 
in 1828, "finishing a term commenced by another teacher." He 
was a preacher of good abilities, but is said never to have settled 
permanently as a minister. According to the Harvard Catalogue 
he died in 1887. 

In 1829-30, Clapboardtrees employed in its school Merrill D. 
Ellis, who was born in West Dedham, Dec. 7, 1808, and was 
joined in marriage to Kebecca Newell Ellis, June 17, 1847. He 
represented the town of Dedham in the legislatures of 1841, 1842 
and 1843, where he was respected as a person of intelligence and 
sound judgment. He engaged in trade, both in Dedham village 
and in West Dedham, closing a useful and honored life Sept. 1, 

Lucy S. Broad of Needham spent three summers, 1830-1-2, 
as teacher of the Westfield District. She is said to have married 
a Mr. Tolman and resided in Worcester. She is remembered 
still as an excellent teacher. 

Lucinda Guild, daughter of Gen. Nathaniel Guild, was the 
master's assistant in the First Middle District four j^ears with 
Mr. Melvin and Mr. Crombie. She married Gorham D. Pierson, 
of Boston, Nov. 30. 1843. I have found her memory of the 
schools and teachers very helpful. The extended term of her 
service in the school is evidence of the good quality of her work, 
She is nov/ a resident of Dedham. 

The master of the Second Middle School in 1830-1 was Wil- 
liam D. Upham of Weathersfieid, Vermont. He graduated at 

10 SKELTON. [Jan. 

Brown University, in 1835, and subsequently taught a private 
scliool in Wickford, R. I. His death occurred in 1875. 

Martha Clark taught the East Street School the summer of 
1831. She died soon after; and it is reported that Wa^rren 
Swann, to whom she was engaged to be married, showed his de- 
votion to her memor}^ b}^ remaining single the rest of his life. 
The engagement ring is still in the possession of her niece, Mrs. 
George F. Wight. Miss Clark was the daughter of Major Jacob 
and Prudence (Stowe) Clark, born May 5, 1813, and died Dec. 
19, 1832. She was educated at the Ipswich Ladies' Seminary. 
She was for a short time a teacher in the Infant School, which 
for several years was a popular institution in Dedham. 

{To he continued.) 

DEDHAM, BILLERICA, etc., 1629-1800. 

By Howard Eedwood Guild. 

1. Rev. Samuel Skelton, b. 1584; d. at Salem, Mass., 
August 2, 1634. He came in 1629, from Lincoln County, Eng- 
land, in the "George"; Freeman, 1636; rec. grant of land, 
Salem, 1630. His wife died at Salem, March 15, 1631. For an 
interesting paper about him, by Dr. Samuel A. Green, see Pro- 
ceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 2d series. Vol. 
X. pp. 108-115. Children :— 

2. Samuel. 

Elizabeth ; m. Robert Sanford, of Boston. 
Susanna ; m. John Marsh, of Salem. 
Mary; m. Nathaniel Felton. 
Benjamin; child, y^o/i/i, bapt. Salem, 1G39. 
Nathaniel; chiki, yoA/i, bapt. Salem, 1648. 

2. Samuel (Sami/el^. In 1644 he conveys land at Salem; 
in 1649, as •' son of the Rev. Samuel Skelton,"' conveys land at 
Salem. Child :— 

1896.] SKELTON. 11 

o. Joseph. My only authority for this relationship is a letter 
by Rev. Mr. Sewall. See Hazen's Billerica. 

3. Joseph (Scwmel, Samuel:), b. [ ] ; m. at Dedhara, 
Feb. 25, 1673, Deborah, dau. of Abraham Howe, of Dorchester ; d. 
at Woburn, June 30, 1705. She d. same place 1711. Of 
Woburn in 1653, an apprentice — as servant of Capt. John 
Carter; Woburn, 1662, see Middlesex Co. Court Records; 
1663, witnessed deed at Medfield ; 1673, of Dedham, when mar- 
ried. Children, born at Dedham : — 

4. Thomas, b. April 10, 1674. 

Deborah, b. Feb. 12, 1676 ; m. at Woburn, Aug. 13, 1700, 
to John Cragin, son of John and Sarah (Dawes) Cragin 
of Woburn. She was grandmother of Anna Chapin, 
who was wife of Colonel Ezra Wood and mother of Mrs. 
Frederick Taft. 

4. Thomas (Jose^)h, Samuel, Samuel), b. at Dedham, April 
10, 1674 ; m. at Woburn, Dec. 29, 1701, Mary, dau. of John and 
Sarah Cragin. In 1696, conveys land at Woburn ; 1709, as 
"Tailor" of Woburn, conveys land formerly belonging to his 
father, Joseph Skelton of Woburn, deceased; Will, dated Nov. 
13, 1750 (Mid. Prob. 14653) mentions wife Mary, son Thomas, 
grandson Thomas, dau. Mary (executrix). Ch. b. at Woburn: — 

5. Thomas, b. Nov. 20, 1702. 
Mercy, b. Feb. 10, 1704. 

Daze, b. Aug. 17, 1705; d. at Woburn, Dec. 15, 1711. 

Anna, b. Jan. 11, 1710. 

Mary, b. [ ] ; d. later than 1750. 

5. Thomas (^Thomas, and as before), b. at Woburn, Nov. 
20, 1702; m. Ruth Reed, at Woburn, Nov. 30,1729; d. at 
Woburn, March 23, 1796. Will dated Feb. 20, 1773 ; codicil, 
1782 ; proved, 1797 (Middlesex Prob.). He yeoman, of Woburn, 
mentions wife Ruth, daus. Mercy, Sarah, Susanna, Anna, and 
sons Daze, Thomas (executor), John, and Matthew. Children, 
born at Woburn : — 

6. Thomas, b. Nov. 28, 1740 ; m. Elizabeth Johnson. 
Mercy, b. Feb. 9, 1731; m. at Woburn, Jan. 18, 1753, 

Elkanah Welch, of Cambridge. 

12 iSKELTON. [Jan. 

Sarah, b. April 23, 1734 ; m. at Woburn, July 9, 1767, to 

Abiathar Johnson. 
Susanna^ b. July 24, 1737; at Woburn, m. Dec. 24, 1761, 

to Simeon Blodgett, of Lexington. 
Anna, b. Jan. 3, 1736. 

7. Daze, b. Dec. 21, 1742 ; m. at Woburn, June 19, 1770, to 

Ruth Hartwell, of Bedford. 
Ruth, b. Aug. 3, 1730. 

8. JoKX, b. Dec. 31, 1744; m. at Woburn, Feb. 2, 1768, 

Joanna Johnson. 

9. Matthew, b. June 10, 1743; m. at Woburn, Sept. 6, 1769, 

Sarah Wyman. 
Anna, b. June 19, 1750; m. at Woburn, March 7, 1782, 
Edward Wood. 

6. Thomas (^Thomas^ Thomas^ as before), b. at Woburn, 
Nov. 28, 1740 ; m. May 10, 1768, same place, Elizabeth John- 
son; was exec, of his father's will, 1797. Ch. b. at Woburn : — 

Thomas, b. Feb. 8, 1782 ; m. at Burlington, March 7, 1304, 
Nancy, dau. of Thomas Wyman, b. 1782 and d. June 
25, 1870, aged 88. Child :—Sa7?iiic I C, b. 1814. 

Elijah, b. Jan. 25, 1784; m. at Burlington, April 7, 1812, 
Sarah Skelton. 

Elizabeth, b. April 25,1769; m. at Woburn, Feb. 27, 1794, 
to Ishmael Munroe. 

Ruth, b. Nov. 1, 1778; m. at Woburn, Nov. 6, 1804, Eben- 
ezer Cummings. 

7. Daze (as before), b. at Woburn, Dec. 21, 1742; m. 
same place, June 19, 1770, Kuth Hartwell, of Bedford. Chil- 
dren, born at Woburn : — 

Daze, b. June 1, 1771 ; m. at Woburn, Feb. 12, 1792, 
Keziah Simonds. Child, Horace, b. Nov. 21, 1793. 

William, b. April 21, 1773. 

Samuel, b. June 25, 1775 ; d. same place, Sept. 8, 1778. 

Ruth, b. Oct. 16, 1777 ; m. at Woburn, June 8, 1797, Wil- 
liam Kendall. 

Samuel, b. Sept. 6, 1781 ; d. 1781. 

Stephen, b. May 28, 1784; m. May 8, 1817, Phebe 

1896.] SKELTON. 13 

Rebecca, b. July 9, 1786; d. Oct. SO, 1787. 

Rebecca, b. Sept. 13, 1788; m. May 8, 1814, Benjamin 

Desire, b. Feb. 2, 1791. 
Asa, b. Aug. 2, 1795. 

8. John, (as before), b. at Woburn, Dec. 31, 1744 ; m. 
there, Feb. 2, 1768, Joanna Johnson ; of Billerica, 1797. Ch : — 

John, b. Feb. 4, 1771 ; m. May 14, 1809, Sally Jaques, of 
Wilmington ; d. at Charlestown, Oct. 1, 1824. Children : 
>////, b. 1810; George, b. 1812; Edward, b. 1813; 
Sarah, b. 1815 ; James, b. 1822. 

Ann, b. [ ] ; m. Amos Haggett. 

Alfred, b. [ ] ; m. Martha [ ] ; d. before 1821. 

Children :—.^/^/>.n7, b. 1809; d. 1814; Alfred, b. Dec. 
21, 1812. 
10. Matthew, b. Oct. 26, 1773. 

Joanna, b. [ ] ; m. 1810, David Fosdick. 

Benjamin, b. [ ]. 

Thomas, b. Dec. IG, 1779 ; m. Emma Willard. 

9. Matthew (as before), b. at Woburn, June 19, 1746 ; 
m. Sept. 6, 1769, Sarah Wyman. 1797, of Woburn ; 1815, of 
Burlington. Children : — 

Matthew, b. [ ] ; m. Sept. 30, 1798, Elizabeth Winn. 

Sarah, b. [ ] at Burlington; d. Dec. 31, 1873, at 

Woburn, aged 86 years, 11 mos. and 1 day. 

10. Matthew {John, and as before) b. Oct. 26, 1773 ; m. 
1st at Burlington, March 8, 1801, Pamelia Wyman, of that 
place, who died in 1834 ; m. 2dly, April, 1835, Mrs. Martha 
Skelton; d. at Charlestown, Oct. 10, 1842, aged 69. Children: — 

Matthew, b. 1806; d. 1831. 

Samuel Putnam, b. 1808. 

Augustus, b. 1810. 

Pamelia Wyman, b. 1812 ; m. Hon. James Adams. 

Augustus Henry, b. 1823. 

Not identified : — Edward Skelton, son of Thomas and Jane, b. at 
Dorchester, Oct. 25, 1698 ; d. same place, Oct. 18, 1699. 


Mary Skelton, dau. of James and Jean, b. April 4, 1G83, at Mar- 

Books consulted : Essex Institute Hist. Coll. ; Salem Int. of 
Mar.; Salem Births, Mar. and Deaths; same of Boston, Dorchester, 
Dedham, Woburn, Billerica ; Dedham Ch. Rec. ; Middlesex Probate 
and Deeds ; Suffolk Probate ; Hazen's Billerica ; Wyman's Charles- 
town ; Sewall's Woburn ; Middlesex Co. Court Records. 

By C. W. Ekxst. 

The Ames diar}^ always brings postal information of value. 
The entries for April 7 and July 23, 1795, solve a question that 
was in need of solution. I think that the entry for April means 
that on the 7th day of the month, in 1795, the mail-coaches 
began service on the Boston-Dedham-Providence-New London- 
New Haven route. We know from Bradley's famous map of 
1796 that the mail-coach went as indicated. It did not go in 
1791, when the mail service between Boston, Providence and 
New Haven was performed by riders. We know, also, that in 
1792 Connecticut provided for a turnpike road between Norwich 
and New London (it w^as the first charter of the kind issued by 
Connecticut). A year or more would be required to build the 
road ; additional time would be needed to make the road from 
Providence to Norwich practicable, Rhode Island being a bad 
road builder. It is fairly safe to conclude that the mail-coach, 
three times a week, began to run on the Boston-Dedham-Prov- 
idence-New Haven route on April 7, 1795, when a new quarter 
began in postal matters. In due time the route was extended to 
New York, giving Boston two mail-coach lines to New York, 
one via Dedham and Norwich, the other via Springfield. 

The Boston-Dedham-Hartford stage-coach was not established 
in 1795, I think, for the reason that the road was not in suitable 
condition. The road from Hartford to Thompson was good ; 
the turnpike road from the state line to Bellingham was not 
authorized until 1800 (9th Mass. turnpike) ; and the line thence 


to Dedham was not authorized until 1804. The mail service 
Boston-New York is still a sharp problem. The problem first 
came up in 1714. The Springfield line was first tried in that 
year, but proved unsatisfactory. In time it became the rival of 
the Dedham route. During the Revolution it became the main 
line. In 1793 the Dedham line rose to importance, which be- 
came great when steamboats gave the Dedham line a certain 
monopoly. The railroads changed things; but the old problem 
remains, — shall the mail go via Springfield, or via Providence? 
And travel follows the mail. 

The year 1795, as the Ames diary reflects, was a year of ex- 
traordinary enterprise in stage coaching, road building, travel 
and mails. It appears that 1795 gave Dedham and New London 
the first mail-coach ; stage-coaches came earlier. In 1765 four 
times a week the stage-coach made the Boston-Dedham-Provi- 
dence trip. In 1769 it went six times a week. Then came the 
interruption of war ; but in 1784, I think, the service was per- 
formed on every secular day, usually in nine hours. Dedham 
saw its first mail-coach on April 7, 1795, under a contract made 
by the Postmaster-General, thus giving Boston six mail-coaches 
a week to New Haven and New York, three going through Ded- 
ham, the others through Springfield. The stage-coaches from 
1792 to 1795 carried the mail from Boston through Dedham to 
Providence, but stopped there, and were not mail-coaches in the 
full sense of the term. Much less were the stage-coaches of 1785 
and 1786, though they carried the mail. Up to 1792, Peter 
and Benjamin Mumford, who began before the Revolution, sup- 
plied the mail service between Boston and Rhode Island, passing 
through Dedham, always on horseback, and always ready to deal 
with the public directly. In fact, they believed in free delivery, 
and incidentally did a thriving newspaper and express business. 
They were displaced late in 1792, or early in 1793, when the 
stage-coaches between Boston and Providence carried passen- 
gers for a dollar, and offered to carry the mail for nothing. 



By George H. Lewis. 
{Continued from Vol. VL, page 120.) 

On Feb. 10, 1782, Aaron Lewis of Lyndeboro, yeoman, sells 
to Hezekiah Duncklee, yeoman of Lyndeboro, who was brother- 
in-law to Aaron Lewis, he having married Mehitable White, for 
£500, part of lot No. 120, in second division of lots of said town 
adjoining land of Lieut. Amos Wliittemore. Also part of lot No. 
121, adjoining land of Benjamin Dutton. (Deeds XXX, 376.) On 
August 25, 1784, Aaron Lewis sells to Simeon Fletcher of L., 
husbandman, part of Lot. No. 120, in the second division west of 
land of Hezekiah Duncklee. On June 20, 1802, the Town of 
Lyndeboro by a committee appointed March 22, 1802, sold to 
Aaron Lewis, gentleman, lands granted to the Town for the 
support of a minister, for $598.50. Said ministerial lands being 
in the north part of the town, north of lot 2, 03 acres. (Deeds 
LIX. 366.) 

Aaron Lewis was Selectman of Lyndeboro in 1793 and 1791:, 
and Town Clerk in 1809 and 1810 ; also a deacon of the church, 
a man of great piety, and an honored citizen for his integrity and 
uprightness of character. In the history of Hillsboro County, 
N. H., his name appears " among the few who did most during 
the trying times of the Revolution" ; also as one of 33, who in 
July, 1776, went to Ticonderoga with Captain William Barton 
under Col. Isaac Wyman ; with 19 others he went again July 
1, 1777, under Lieut. Samuel Houston ; also on Dec. 8, 
1777, as Sergeant. He was a private August 17, 1778, under 
Capt. Lee, Col. Moses Kelley's Eegiment, on the expedition to 
Rhode Island against the English forces. See Hammond's 
Revol. Rolls, Vol. IL, in the New Hampshire State Papers, 
Vol. XV. 

In the records of the church at Lyndeboro, is this record of 
a meeting held Oct. 30, 1806. *' Voted that as there is not found 
any record of the vote of the Church whereas they made choice 



of Brothers Samuel Houston and Aaron Lewis as Deacons, that 
the present Clerk record the same." Aaron was a Deacon from 
the election there referred to until 1830, when he removed to the 
home of his son Amasa, in New Boston. He was also clerk o£ 
the Church from 1806 to 1812. His will is on file in the Probate 
Court, Nashua, N. H. 

I Aaron Lewis of Francistown in the County of Hillsboro, State 
of New Hampshire, do make and pubhsh this my last Will and Testa- 
ment, as follows : First I give and bequeath to my son Aaron Lewis, 
One hundred dollars ($100.00) To Sanford Holmes, Mason Holmes, 
Lewis Holmes and Cyntha Holmes, children of my daughter Sally 
Holmes, Fifty dollars ($50.00) each. To my son Amasa Lewis, Two 
hundred dollars ($200.00) To Nancy Short, daughter of my daughter 
Nancy Marden, Sixty-five dollars ($65.00) To William Lewis Marden, 
Daniel Hardy Marden, and Francis Marden, children of Nancy Mar- 
den, Forty five dollars each. ($45.00) To Sewall Goodridge, Abigail 
Goodridge and Sarah Goodridge, Children of my daughter Abigail 
Goodridge, Fifty dollars each. ($50.00) To my daughter Parmeha 
Cressey, One hundred dollars. ($100.00) To Nathaniel Lewis son of 
my son Asa Lewis, One Hundred dollars. ($100,00) Said legacies 
to be paid in cash by my Executor one year from the probate of my 
will to such as shall be of a^e. As reafards such as shall not then be 
of age, to be on interest from that time, and paid to them as fast as 
they severally become of age. And in case any of my said grand-children 
shall hereafter die before the expiration of one year from the probate 
of my will, or before becoming of age then the share of such deceased 
grand-child is to be equally divided among and paid to his or her sur- 
viving brothers and sisters, when they shall severally be of age, pro- 
vided however that my Executor is hereby directed to retain in his 
hands out of each of the shares of the said Sanford Holmes, Cyntha 
Holmes, Lewis Holmes and Mason Holmes, Ten dollars ($10.00) 
until the death of the said mother or until she shall direct the pay- 
ment of said sums to them, and my Executor while he retains said 
sums in his hands shall annually pay to their said mother the interest 
thereof to enable her to make such small gifts and contributions as 
she shall direct in aid of religious and charitable objects. 1 also give 
and bequeath to my sons Aaron Lewis and Amasa Lewis, all my wear- 
ing apparel, and I order all my property not specially devised both 


real and personal to be sold by my Executor at such time within one 
year from probate of my will, and in such way as he shall judge 
proper and the residue of the proceeds thereof after the payment of 
my just debts, funeral expenses, the expenses of administration and 
the cash legacies aforesaid, to be divided among the persons entitled 
to receive said cash legacies and in such proportion to the sum they 
shall be severally entitled to receive under the bequests giving said 
cash legacies. Lastly I constitute and appoint Titus Brown of Fran- 
cistown aforesaid to be Executor of this my last will and testament. 
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the 12th, 
day of May 1830. 

Aaron Lewis. 

10a. Moses, son of Jonathan (10) and Hannah (Hunting) 
Lewis (Register Y. 11, for Jan., 1884,) b. Sept. 27,1743; d. 
March 3, 1829, in his 86th year ; m. Rebekah Butterfield, b. in 
Londonderry, N. H., April 6, 1744; d. April 29, 1830, aged 86 
years. Moses was a very pious man and always had family wor- 
ship up to his last illness. Three generations were raised on his 
farm. Both are interred at Greenfield, N. H. Children born at 
Lyndeboro (now Greenfield) : — 

10c. Samuel, b. Dec. 25, 177G; m. Betsey Martin. 

lOd. Rebekah, b. April 28, 1779 ; m. Robert Martin (brother 
of Betsey). 

lOe. Lydia, b. Feb. 17, 1783; m. Ezekiel Cudworth. 

10b. Aaron, son of Jonathan (10) and Abigail (Everett) 
Lewis of Dedham, b. July 3, 1750 ; and d. May 20, 1833, at 
New Boston, N. H. ; m. Sept. 24, 1772, at Sharon, Mass., Sarah 
White, b. Feb. 8, 1750-1, and d. May 16, 1804, aged 54 years, 
dau. of Benjamin and Mary ( ) White of Stoughtonham, 

Mass., who moved from Dedham to Stoughton after the birth of 
their son Benjamin. They were admitted to the Church Aug. 
28, 1773. Both are interred at North Lyndeboro Cemetery, with 
her brother Moses White and his wife Susanna. Children born 
at Lyndeboro : — 

Aaron, b. March 19, 1775 ; d. June 21, 1855, aged 80 years ; 

m. 1798, Hannah Boardman, b. June 29, 1776, d. Nov. 

20, 1865, aged 89 yrs., dau. of Thomas and Hannah 



Eoardman of Lyndeboro. Both interred at North Lynde- 
boro, with their parents. 

Sarah, b. April 24, 1777 ; d. Sept. 17, 1855 ; m. Ichabod 
Hohnes, b. Feb. 22, 1780, d. April 5, 1854, of Francis- 
town, son of Enoch and Susanna (Hart) Holmes who 
bought the farm that Moses and Aaron Lewis first set- 
tled on in 1771. 

Amasa, b. May 14, 1780; d. April 11, 1849, at Medford, 
Mass.; m. April 16, 1807, Polly Dane, b. Oct. 6, 1786, 
d. Sept. 20, 1867, at Medford, Mass., dau of Daniel (a 
brother of Nathan Dane, the founder of Harvard Law 
School) and Sarah (Goodhue) Dane of New Boston, N. 
H. Both are interred at Woodlawn Cem., Everett, Mass. 

Nancy, b. April 28, 1783 ; d. Aug. 1, 1853 ; m. 1st May 22, 
1806, John Elliott, born Sept. 12, 1784; m. 2dly, Oct. 
15, 1816, Solomon Marden, b. March 24, 1775, d. Feb. 
6, 1843, son of Lemuel and Hannah (Greenough) Mar- 
den of New Boston, N. H. ; interred at Lowell, Mass. 

Abigail, b. Jan. 4 [Town Records], or 24, 1787 ; d. June 
30, 1821 ; m. April 6, 1809, Israel H. Goodridge, b. Jan. 
20, 1783, d. May 13, 1853, son of Rev. Sewall and Phebe 
(Putnam) Goodridge, the second minister at Lyndeboro. 

Parmelia, b. July 7, 1789; d. Dec. 24, 1851; m. May 5, 
1819, Samuel Cressey, son of Nathan Cressey of Lynde- 
boro. Both interred at Lyndeboro Cemetery. No ch. 

Asa, b. Dec. 7, 1792 ; d. 1831, at Baltimore, Md. ; m. Jan. 
18, 1820, Elizabeth Goodridge, b. Nov. 26, 1791, d. Jan. 
14, 1866; dau. of Rev. Sewall and Phebe (Putnam) 
Goodridge of Lyndeboro, N. H. 


By Joseph Henry Lathrop. 
(Continued from Vol. VI., page 145.) 

Nason, Albert D.— Co. C, 45th Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 
26, 1862 ; discharged June 9, 1863, for disability. 

Nauman, John— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; dis- 
charged March 18, 1864, for disability. 

Nead, George M.— Co. B, 24th Reg't U. S. Inf., April 15, 1864. 

Neal, Lucius J.— U. S. Vet. Reserve Corps, April 16, 1864. 

20 DEDHAM [Jan. 

Neas, John— Co. K, 56th Reg't Mass. Inf., Feb. 25, 1864; mus- 
tered out July 12, 1865. 
Neas, Joseph— Co. A, 2d Reg't Mass. Heavy Art., July 28, 1863; 

mustered out Sept. o, 1865. 
Neas, Joseph — Co. I, o3d Reg't Mass. Inf., Jan. 5, 1865 ; trans- 
ferred to Co. I, 2d Reg't Mass. Inf., June 1, 1865; 
mustered out July 14, 1865. 
Neiss, Frederick J. — Co. 1, 35th't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862 ; 

discharged Jan. 5, 1863, for disability. 
Newman, Patrick— Co. A. 28th Reg't Mass. Inf., April 2, 1864 ; 

mustered out June 30, 1865, in Co. C. 
Nichols, Albert A. — Co. A, 4th Reg't Mass. Inf. (3 mos.), April 

n, 1861 ; Sergeant; mustered out July 22, 1861. 
NiCHOLr, Daniel F.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861; 
taken prisoner near Mine Run, Va., Nov. 27, 1863; 
mustered out Sept. 2, 1864; absent in hands of the 
enemy ; exchanged Nov. 17, 1864 ; mustered out Jan. 
3, 1865, to date Dec. 14, 1864; Captain, 5th Reg't 
U. S. C. Heavy Art, Nov. 29, 1863, but not mus- 
tered, being a prisoner; again commissioned Captain 
same regiment Dec. 14, 1864; mustered out May 
20. 1866. 
Nichols, John H.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (0 mos.), Sept. 12, 
1862; mustered out July 30, 1863; U. S. Signal 
Corps, March 31, 1864; Sergeant; mustered out 
Aug. 17, 18G5. 
Noble, Joseph A.— Co. K, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Dec. 22, 1861; 

deserted June 12, 1862. 
NooNAN, Dennis— Co. E, 61st Reg't Mass. Inf. (1 year), Sept. 20, 

1864; mustered out June 4, 1865. 
Ober, Albert G.— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; 

mustered out June 9, 1865. 
O'Brien, Cornelius — Co. B, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Oct. 

11, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
O'Brien, James H.— Seaman U. S. Navv, Oct., 1862. 
O'Brien, Jeremiah— Co. E, 28th Reg't Mass. Inf., April 11, 1864; 

mustered out June 30, 1865. 
O'Connell, William E. — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 

1862 ; mustered out June 9, 1865. 
O'Connor, Andrew— Co. I, 20th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 29, 1861 ; 

discharged Dec. 1, 1862, for disability. 
O'Hara, Patrick— 4th Battery Mass. Light Art., Feb. 22, 1864; 

mustered out Oct. 14, 1865. 
O'Keefe, Daniel— 2d Reg't Mass. Cav., March 23, 1864; un- 

assigned recruit. 
O'Reilly, Charles D.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 
1861 ; disch. January 29, 1864, for accidental wounds. 




Onion, Edward M.- 


Aug. 5, 

Major, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 

24, 1861 ; Second Lieut. Oct. 29, 1861 ; First Lieut. 

Sept. 1, 1862 ; Captain May 2, 1863 ; mustered out 

Sept. 2, 1864 . Brevet Major. 
Onion, Henry— Capt. Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., July 26, 1861 ; 

resigned Oct. 28, 1861 ; Second Lieut. 2d Reg't Mass. 

Heavy Art., May 25, 1863 ; not mustered. 
=*OwENS, Michael — 2d Battery, Mass. Light Art., Feb. 19, 1864; 

died Aug., 1804, on transport. 
Page, Frederick — loth Reg't Mass. Inf. 

(Band) ; mustered out Aug. 8, 1862, 

War Dep't of July 2, 1862. 
Park, Charles E. — Co. G, 7th Reg't Mass. Inf. 

mustered out June 27, 1864. 
*Park— Henry M.— Co. H, 40th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 1, 1862; 

Corporal ; died June 2{>^ 1864, from wounds received 

at Bermuda Hundred, Va., May 20, 1864. 
Parker, Edwin A.— Co. H, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Aug. 5, 1862; 

mustered out Nov. 11, 1864. 
Parker, Isaac N.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass- Inf. Aug. 24, 1861 ; 

wounded at Second Bull Run, Va., Auz. 30, 1862 ; 

1861 ; musician 
by Gen. Order 

June 15. 1861 ; 

discharged March 1, 1863, on account of wounds. 
Parker, William— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861; 

discharged Dec. 23, 1803, for disability. 
Patterson, Samuel — Co. I, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Sept. 14, 1861; 

transferred to Co. I, 4th Reg't Mass. Cav., Feb. 12, 

1864; mustered out June 14, 1865. 
Patterson, William C. — Chaplain 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Dec. 30, 

1861 ; resigned in 1862. 
Perkins, Charles M. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 

12, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Perkins, Lafayette— Co. K, 2d Reg't Mass. Inf., May 25, 1861 ; 

re-enlisted Dec. 30, 1863 ; mustered out June 17, 1865. 
^Persons, Edward H.— Co. M, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Sept. 23, 1861 ; 

died Oct. 13, 1801, at Readville, Mass. 
*Phalan, David— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862 ; died 

July 30, 1863, at Milldale, Miss. 
Phillips, Lewis N. — 20th Reg't Mass. Inf., Feb. 25, 1864; rejected 

Feb. 27, 1864. 
Phinney, Ezra — 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Feb. 27, 1804; unassigned ; 

transferred to Navy, April 2, 1804. 
Phipps, Benjamin F.— Co. G, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 19, 1861 : 

mustered out Sept. 5, 1864. 
*Phipps, Charles W.— Co. A, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 18, 1861 ; 

killed at Deep Bottom, Va., Aug. 10, 1864. 
Pierce, William S.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 

discharged Feb. 23, 1862, for disability. 

22 DEDHAM [Jan. 

PiNNEY, James — Co. F, 2d Reg't ]\Iass. Inf., May 25, 18G1 ; mus- 
tered out May 28, 1864. 

Pond, Charles D.— Co. I,' 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862 
Sergeant; mustered out June 0, 1865. 

Pond, Edward R.— Co. I, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Oct. 8, 1861 
discharged April 7, 1803, for disability. 

Pond, George E.— Co. F. 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 
discharged Jan. 11, 1862, for disability; Co. D, 43d 
Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 1862 ; mustered 
out July 30, 1863. 

Pond, James M.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; Ser- 
geant, 1st Sergeant; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., 
July 2, 1863; re-enlisted Jan. 1, 1864; First Lieut. 
|an. 15, 1864; transferred to 32d Reg't Mass. Inf. 
Oct. 21, 1864; mustered out Nov. 14, 1864. 
^Pooler, John M. — 1st Battery Mass. Light Art, Aug. 28, 1861 ; 
Artificer; died March 14, 1863, at White Oak 
Church, Va. 
=*Postings, George H. — Co. K, 56th Reg't Mass. Inf., March 1, 
1864; taken prisoner; died June 28, 1864, at Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Powers, John— Co. G, 20th Reg't Mass. Inf , July 18, 1861 ; Cor- 
poral ; taken prisoner at Ball's Bluff, Va., Oct. 21, 
1861 ; mustered out Aug, 1, 1864. 

Poyen, Louis F. — Co. D, 1st Batt. Mass. Heavy Art., June 6, 1863; 
Sergeant; Second Lieut. Nov. 26, 1864; mustered 
out June 29, 1865 ; recommissioned Aug. 16, 1865 ; 
mustered out Sept. 12, 1865. 

Pratt, Austin E.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861; 
Corporal ; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 1863 ; 
discharged April 26, 1864, on account of wounds. 

Pratt, Charles E.— Co. I, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., March 28, 1864; 
mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 

Pratt, Edwin— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 
1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Pratt, Joseph W.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861; 
Sergeant ; discharged Feb. 21, 1862, for disability. 
=*PuRDv, John— Co. I, 2d Reg't Mass. Cav., Feb. 25, 1864 ; died 
May, 1865, at Danville, Va. 

PuTNER, Lerepher — 20th Reg't Mass. Inf., Feb. 20, 1864 ; rejected 
Feb. 23, 1864. 
*Putner, Peter— Co. B, 20th Reg't Mass. Inf., Feb. 20, 1864; mur- 
dered Oct. 6, 1864, at Washington, D. C. 

Quinlan, Patrick— Co. E, 28th Reg't Mass. Inf., March 24, 1864; 
mustered out June 30, 1865. 

Radcliffe, Winslow— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; 
discharged Nov. 17, 1863, for disability. 

1896.] IN THE BEBELLION. 23 

Rafferty, Michael — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862 ; 
Corporal, Color Corporal ; wounded at Fredericks- 
burg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862 : mustered out June 9, 1865. 

Rahlin, Olaf L.— Co. D, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., July 20, 1863; 
deserted April 25, 1864. 

Rand, Arnold A. — 4th Batt. Mass. Inf. (3 mos.), April 14, 1861 ; 
Second Lieut., 1st Mass. Cav., Oct. 30, 1861 ; Cap- 
tain, Feb. 4, 1862 ; Captain and A. A. G., U. S. Vols., 
June 3, 1863; resigned to accept promotion Jan. 12, 
1864; Lieut. Col. 4th Mass. Cav., Dec. 3, 1863; Col- 
onel, Jan. 22, 1864; resigned Feb. 3, 1865. 

Randall, William H. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 
12, 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Rausch, Conrad — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; 
wounded at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862 ; dis- 
charged April 16, 1863, on account of wounds. 

Read, James O. — Veteran Reserve Corps, Sept. 17, 1864; mus- 
tered out Nov. 30, 1865. 

Reynolds, Charles— Co. K, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Dec. 29, 1863 ; 
transferred to Vet. Reserve Corps. 

Reynolds, William— Co. I, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf.. Sept. 23, 1861 ; 
re-enlisted Feb. 27, 1864; mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 

Rhoades, George A. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 
12, 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Rhoades, George L. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 

12, 1862; mustered out ^uly 30, 1863. 

*Rhoads, Willard F. — 1st Michigan Cav. ; killed near Centreville, 
Va., Nov. 3, 1863. 

Richards, Amos J. F. — Seaman, U. S. Navy, August, 1862; dis- 
charged Sept., 1863 ; 14th Batt. Mass. Light Art., 
Feb. 27, 1864; mustered out June 15, 1865. 

Richards, Edward F. — Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 
1861 ; Corporal ; Regimental Q. M. Sergeant, March 

13, 1862 ; mustered out Sept. 2, 1864. 
Richardson, Henry S. — Co. B., 42d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.,) 

Sept. 13, 1862; mustered out Aug. 20, 1863. 
^Richardson, John E. — Co. B, 4th Reg't Mass. Cav., Feb. 21, 1864; 

died in rebel prison, Aug. 17, 1864. 
Richardson, Joseph H.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 

12, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863; Co. B, 4th 

Reg't Mass. Cav., Feb. 21, 1864; mustered out Nov. 

3, 1865. 
RiCKARDS, Bennett O. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), 

Sept. 12, 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Roberts, Ephrakm A. — Co. 1, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862 ; 

Musician ; transferred to Vet. Reserve Corps Oct. 

8, 1864. 

24 DEDHAM [Jan. 

Robertson, Edwin- H. — Co. E., 5th Reg't Mass. Inf. (3 mos.), May 

1, 1861 ; mustered out July 31, 1861. 

Robinson, Nathaniel F. — Co. A, oOth Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), 

Sept. 15, 1862; Corporal; mustered out Aug. 24, 

Rogers, Charles H.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 

Corporal ; mustered out Sept. 2, 1864. 
Ross, James C. — Co. H, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Sept. 25, LSGl ; dis- 
charged Dec. 20, 1862, for disability. 
Rowley, Thomas — Co. B, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (1) mos), Oct. 11, 

1862; deserted Nov. 2, 1862, at Readville, iMass. 
Ryan, Ralph— 1st Reg't Dis't of Columbia Inf., April 22, 1864. 
Ryder, Gideon A.— Co. F. 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 

Corporal; mustered out Sept. 2, 1864. 
ScHENKL, Anton — Co. B, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (0 mos.), Oct, 11, 

1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863 ; Co. D, 2d Reg't 

Mass. Heavy Art., Aug. 22, 1863; des'd Sept. 1, 1865. 
Schneider, Conrad — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862 ; 

discharged in 1863 for disability. 
ScHOULER, James — Second Lieut. Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 

mos.), Sept. 12, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
*ScoTT, Charles— Co. B, 32d Reg't Mass. Inf., Nov. 22, 1864; died 

at Washington, D. C, March 5, 1865. 
Seyfarth, Herman— Co. H, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 

transferred to U. S. Reserve Art, Aug. 10, 1862; Co. 

H, 17th Reg't Mass. Inf., Jan. 18, 1865; mustered 

out July 11, 1865. 
Shackley, Charles H. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), 

Sept. 12, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Shaffer, Charles — Veteran Reserve Corps, April 16, 1864. 
Shapleigh, James F. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 

12, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Shapleigh, Nathan E. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), 

Sept. 12, 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Shattuck, Edward — Co. F, 18th Reg't IMass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 

Corporal, Sergeant, 1st Sergeant; mustered out Sept. 

2, 1864. 

Shaw, Henry A.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 
1862 ; Corporal ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
^Sheehan, Edward— Co. B, 28th Reg't Mass. Inf., Dec. 13, 1861 ; 
died at Washington, D. C, Nov., 17, 1863. 

Sheehan, James — Co. G, 7th Reg't Mass. Inf., June 15, 1861 ; mus- 
tered out June 27, 1864. 

Shephard, James — 28th Reg't Mass. Inf., March 5, 1864; rejected 
March 10, 1864. 

Sheridan, James A. — Co. F, 13th Reg't Mass., Inf., Aug. 27, 1863, 
transferred to Co. C, S9th Reg't Mass. Inf., July 13; 




18G4; transferred to Co. D, 32d Reg't Mass. Inf., 
June 2, 1865 ; mustered out June 29, 1865. 

Sheridan, John — Co. A, 4th Reg't Mass. Cavalry, Dec. 26, 1863 ; 
discharged March 13, 1865, for disability. 

Sheridan, William H. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), 
Sept 12, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Sherwin, Edward — Clerk U. S. Navy, Nov. 26, 1862; Acting As- 
sistant Paymaster Volunteer Navy, March 31, 1863; 
Passed Assistant Paymaster U. S. N., July 23, 1866 ; 
resigned Dec. 22, 1866. 

Sherwin, Henry — Captain's Clerk, U. S. N., May '2b, 1861, to 
Aug., 1862; Chief Clerk to Fleet Surgeon, Nov., 
1862 ; Chief Clerk to Fleet Captain in 1863 ; resigned 
April 14, 1865. 

Sherwin, Thomas, Jr. — First Lieut, and Adj't 22d Reg't Mass. 
Inf., Oct. 1, 1861 ; wounded at Gaines Mills, Va., June 
27, 1862 ; Major, June 28, 1862 ; Lieut. Col, Oct. 17, 
1862 ; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July, 1863 ; Brevet 
Colonel, Sept. 30, 1864; mustered out Oct. 17, 1864; 
Brevet Brig. Gen., U. S. Vols., March 13, 1865. 

Shufeldt, FliRAM W. — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 
1862; Corporal, Sergeant; wounded at the "Crater,'* 
Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864; discharged Dec. 31, 
1864, on account of wounds. 

Simpson, William— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 
Corporal ; wounded at Second Bull Run, Va., Aug. 
30, 1862 ; discharged Feb. 4, 1863, on account of 

Smallwood, George E. — Co. E, 22d Reg't Mass. Inf., Sep. 13, 

1861 ; discharged Feb. 28, 1863, for promotion. 
Smeedy, Thomas — Co. G, 7th Reg't Mass. Inf., June 15, 1861 ; 

mustered out June 27, 1864. 
Smith, Charles P.— Co. K, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 

transferred to Vet. Res. Corps. 
Smith, George H.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 

1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Smith, Henry — Co. B, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Sept. 12, 1861 ; dis- 
charged Dec. 25, 1862, for disability. 

Smith, Henry — Veteran Reserve Corps, Aug. 9, 1864. 
*Smith, Henry D.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 
killed at Second Bull Run, Va., Aug. 30, 1862. 

Smith, James B.— Co. A, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 19, 1861 
transferred to Vet. Res. Corps, March 10, 1864. 

Smith, John— Co. I, 48th Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Nov. 15, 1862 
mustered out Sept. 3, 1863. 

Smith, John L. — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; Cor- 
poral, Color Corporal, Sergeant, 1st Sergeant ; Second 

26 WHEN Til A 31 Bin TILS. [Jan. 

Lieut., Jan. 9, 1865, but not mustered ; mustered out 

June 9, 18 Go. 
Smith, Joseph R.-7-C0. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. IG, 18G2 ; 

mustered out June oO, 18 Go. 
Smith, Thomas — Seaman IJ. S. Navv, June, 1864. 
Smith, William H.— Co. E, 21st Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 23, 1861 

transferred to 3d Reg't U. S. Art., Oct. 23, 1862. 
Snell, George B.— Co. F, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 14, 1861 

mustered out Sept. 18, 1864. 
Snell, John W.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 

mustered out Sept. 2, 1864. 
Snell, Thomas H.— Co. A, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 25, 1861 

re-enlisted Dec. 21, 1863 ; Corporal ; mustered out 

Jan. 20, 1866, in Co. K. 
SouLE, Francis E.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 

1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Stanton, Charles E. — 11th Battery,' Mass. Light Art., Sept. 17, 

1864; mustered out June 16, 1865. 
Staubach, Philip W. — Veteran Reserve Corps, April 16, 1864. 
Steiner, Ferdinand — Co. I, 3oth Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; 

Corporal ; wounded at Cold Harbor, Va., June 2, 

1864 ; mustered out June 9, 1865. 

{To he continued.) 


"A Register of thos that have been born in the Town of 


(Continued from Vol. VI., 2^age 43.) 

Ralf Day, son of Ralf and Mary, Nov. 11, 1711. 

Ruth Farrington, dau. of Daniell and Abigail, Dec. 15, 1711. 

Bette Partredg, dau. of John and Anne, in Dec. 1711. 

Samuell Hancock, son of Anthony and Elizabeth, April 13, 1712. 

Esther Whiting, dau. of Nathaniell and Margaret, in Medfield, March 

20, 17ii. 
Michal Man, dau. [sic'] of William and Bethyah, March 12, 17i|^. 
Ebenezer Adams, son of Peter and Sarah, April 17, 1712. 
Mary Fisher, dau. of Samuell and Mary, March 4, 17^4. 
William Puffer, son of William and Elizabeth, March 9, 17i^. 
Sarah Shuttleworth, dau. of Benjamin and Sarah, in Stonintown, 

Oct. 31, 1706. 
Kezia Shuttleworth, dau. of Benjamin and Sarah, April 3, 1712. 
Margaret Deering. dau. of Samuell and Mary, June 25, 1712. 
Margaret Foster, dau. of John and Margret, March 7, 17^4. 
Ammete Grant, dau. of Benjamin and Presilea, June 15, 1712. 

1896.J WRENTllAM BIRTHS. 27 

Isaac Heeten, son of Nathaniell and Mariah, Sept. 0, 1712. 
Joseph Elis, son of Joseph and Catharine, July 14, 1712. 
Margaret Man, dau. of Theodore and Abigail, Oct. 15, 1712. 
Esther Man, dau. of Thomas and Hannah, Aug. 19, 1712, 
Mary Hancock, dau. of Henery and Mary, Jan. 1, 1710. 
Elizabeth Hancock, dau. of Henry and Elizabeth, Nov. 11, 1712. 
Thomas Rocket, son of Nathaniell and Joanna, Feb. 25, 17j^. 
Margaret Ware, dau. of Michael and Jean, Oct. 21, 1712. 
John Guilde, son of John and Mercy, Nov. 23, 1712. 
Abigail Metcalf, dau. of Eleazer and Judeth, Jan. 18, 17J-f. 
David Lawrence, son of David and Bethyah, Sept. 3, 1712. 
Mary Willson, dau. of Michael and Sarah, July 25, 1710. 
Uriah Willson, son of Michael and Sarah, Nov. 14, 1712. 
Joseph Cowell, son of Joseph and Martha, March 22, 17J-f . 
Nathaniell Mann, son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth, Aug. 6, 1709. 
Mary Man, dau. of Nathaniel and Elizabeth, July 24, 1711. 
Robert Man, son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth, April 11, 1713. 
Jeremiah Fisher, son of Ebenezer and Abigael, Oct. 12, 1711. 
Mary Gay, dau. of Eleazer and Mary, May 4, 1713. 
Zipporah Adams, dau. of Bridget Blake, Nov. 25, 1712. 
Ephraim Pond, son of Ephraim and Mary, March 13, 17|f. 
Samuell Haws, son of Daniell and Beriah, Jan. 7, 17^f. 
Mehetable Man, dau. of William and Bethyah. Sept. 1, 1713. 
Hannah Metcalf, dau. of Eleazer and Hannah, Aug. 19, 1713. 
Elizabeth Ware, dau. of Robert and Elizabeth, Oct. 21, 1713. 
Pheebe Blake, dau. of Andrew and Sarah, Oct. 30, 1713. 
Elizabeth Tomson, dau. of Peter and Abigael, Oct. 23, 1713. 
Peelatiah Ware, son of Nathaniell and Mary, Oct. 20, 1713. 
Sarah Jones, dau. of David and Sarah, Sept. 9, 1713. 
Bethyah Lawrence, dau. of David and Bethyah, Jan. 9, 17J-J. 
Bethyah Ware, dau. of Ebenezer and Bethyah, Aug. 31, 1713. 
Sarah Bacon, dau of Thomas and Esther, Aug. 25, 1712. 
John Hancock, son of Henery and Elizabeth, Feb. 24, 17i| . 
Timothy Puffer, son of William and Elizabeth, Jan. 17, 17iJ. 
Pelatiah Metcalf, son of Michael and Abiell, March 28, 1714. 
John Lawrence, son of Ebenezer and Mary, June 27, 1713. 
Sarah Mann, dau. of Theodor and Abigell, May 6, 1714. 
Ezra Blake, son of Robert and Sarah, May 4, 1714. 
John Heeton, son of James and Eleeney, April IG, 1714. 
Seth Adams, son of Peter and Sarah, April 14, 1714. 
Gideon Elis, son of Joseph and Catharine, June 29, 1714. 
Beriah Boyden, dau. of Thomas and Deborah, June 19, 1714. 
Rachell Man, dau. of Thomas and Hannah, July 8, 1714. 
Jerusha Ware, dau. of Eleazer and Mary, June 23, 1714. 
Samuell Deering, son of Samuel and Mary, Oct. 1, 1714. 
Ebenezer Grant, son of Benjamin and Preselea, Sept. 3, 1714. 
Samuel Day, son of Ralph and Mary, June 10, 1713. 

28 MAI^N FAMILY. [Jan. 


Compiled by 

Anxa Maria (Tolman) Pickford. 

{Continued from Vol. V2., page 129.) 

3. Theodore Mann-^ QSamuel^^ W'dliam^')^ was born Feb- 
ruaiy 8, 1680. He married February 28, 1702, Abigail, daughter 
of Daniel and Abiel (Gay) Hawes. She was born in Wrentham, 
November 15, 1681, and died March 2, 1772. Her father was 
one of the orioinal settlers of Wrentham. Theodore Mann was 
deacon in the church at Wrentham ; Selectman and Representa- 
tive in 1722 ; Clerk of the Wrentham Proprietors ; died July 
29, 1761. On the 7th of April, 1756, he made a will, giving to 

" Well beloved wife Abigail the use and improvement of all my 
Real Estate belonging to my homestead, viz. My housing and Lands 
on both of the high way, More I give unto her the Use & Improve- 
ments of my Meadow at Deans Corner (a meadow so Called) the use 
of which I give unto her while she remains my Widow. More I give 
unto her all my house hold Goods & indore moveables. Excepting my 
wearing apparell my armour and my Staff, more I Give unto her all 
my stock of Cattle and Swine, these with the above written moveables 
I Give unto her forever to be wholley and solely at her dispose. Itim 
I Give and Bequeath unto my well beloved son Theodore Man Half 
of my wearing apparell and my armour, more I give unto him four- 
teen Acres of Land Joining to his own land, or homestead, where he 
now Dwelleth, more I Give all my Upland Joining to his Meadow at 
Honey Pot (a meadow so called) More I Give unto him, all that 
money which is due to me from him, by a bond which lieth against 
him. Item I Give and Bequeath unto my Daughters, Vizt. Phebe 
Guild, Abigail Whiting, Sarah Day, Jerusha Jerred and to the Heirs 
of Beriah Kingsbury deceat, all those Peses & Parcells of Land here- 
after named, Vitz ... I give to the three children of my Daughter 
Margaret Cheever, deceast Vizt To Peggy, John & Samuel twenty 
shillings to each of them. . . . To well beloved son Thomas Man 
half my wearing apparrell & my Staff or Cane More I Give unto him 
all my Real Estate, both in housing & Lands on both sides of the 
high way belonging to my Homestead. After the Marriage or Death 

1896.] MANN FAMILY. 29 

of his Mother, More I Give unto him all my Husbandry tools, More 
I Give unto him all my other outlands which are not above written 
. . . Provided he the said Thomas Man take such Good Care of 
his Mother which I Charge him to Do at all times both in sickness 
and health as her age Calls for. I enstruct make & ordain Theodore 
Man & Thomas Man above written the sole Executors of this my last 
Will & Testeraent ... in presence of Daniel Ware, John Man, Eliz- 
abeth Blake. 

Proved, approved & allowed, 1-i August Anno Domoni 1761. John 
Cotton Regr. No. 127r)0. 

Children : — 

Theodores^ (dau.), b. Aug. 0, 1703 ; d. Sept. 1, 1703. 

Mary^ b. in Wrentham, July IG, 1704 ; d. May [15], 1706. 

Phebe, b. Feb. 16, 1706; m. John Guild, March 22, 1732. 
4. Theodore*, b. March 6, 170S. 

Abigail*, b. Sept. 16, 1710 ; m. Eliphelet Whiting, March 7^ 
1733 ; d. Aug. 9, 1777, aged 67. 

Margaret*, b. Oct. 15, 1712 ; m. [ ] Cheever. 

Sarah*, b. May 6, 1714 ; m. Samuel Day, March 2, 1736. 

Daniel*, b. Sept. 8, 1716; d. Oct. 10, 1719. 

Beriah*, b. April 27, 1719 ; m. Daniel Kingsbury, Jr., 
Nov. 3, 1737; d. May 12, 1755. He. m. 2dly, Widow 
Abigail Adams, Oct. 19, 1775, who survived him. He 
was b. March 12, 1715 ; d. [ ], 1783. 

Thomas* (Dea.), b. Oct. 11, 1721 ; m. Mary Blake, Oct. 11, 

Jerusha*, b. Nov. 12, 1724 ; m. Gamaliel Gerauld or Jerred, 
Oct. 11, 1751. 

4. Theodore^ {Theodort^., Samuel'^^ JVilliam^^^ was born 
in Wrentham, March 6, 1708 ; married Abigail Da}^ Feb. 22, 
1738. She was born [ ], and died [ ]. He must 

have moved to Walpole, as his name appears on the town rec- 
ords in 1753, and in his will dated '' The Twenty Second day of 
February in the year of our Lord 1783," he says : — 

" I Theodore Mann of Walpole in the County of Suffolk . . . Item 
I Give & Bequeath to my Eight Sons my wearing Apparel & Armour, 
to be Equally Divided between them. Item. I Give to my Eleven 

30 MANN FAMILY. [Jjiii. 

Children all my Books to be Equally Divided between them. Except 
my Dictionary Consisting of two Volumes. Item I Give to my Four 
Eldest Sons, Viz* Theodore Ralph Seth & Timothy Six Pounds Each, 
that with what I have already given them, is their full Part and Por- 
tion of my Estate. Item I Give to my Son Elias Man Four Pounds 
which with what I have heretofore given him is his full Part and Por- 
tion of my Estate. Item I give to my son Jabez Man, Ten Pounds 
and also my Dictionary, this with what I have already given him is 
his full Proportion of my Estate. Item I give to my Son Joseph Man 
Four Pounds that with what I have already given him is his full Pro- 
portion of my Estate. Item I give to my Daughter Abigail Smith, 
one fourth Part of my Indore moveables, not otherwise disposed of in 

this will Item I give to my Daughter Mary Hartshorn, 

one Fourth Part of my Indore Moveables not otherwise disposed of 

Item I Give to my Daughter Margaret Man my best 

Bed with the furniture. One good Cow, Seventeen Pounds in Lawful 

Money and one fourth part of my Indore moveables 

Item I Give to my two Grand Children, Viz* Herman and Milla Man 
a good American Bible each. Item I Give to my son Benjamin Man 
all my Housing, Lands, Goods, Chattels and Credits not Perteculaily 
given away in this Will, he Paying all my Past Debts within one year 
next After my Decease. And I do hereby appoint my said Son Ben- 
jamin Man Sole Executor of this my last Will and Testament. 

Theodore Mann. 
In presence of 

Theo Man, John N. Everett and Seth Bullard 
Presented for Probate Nov. 4, 1783. 

Theodore Man died Oct. 1, 1783 [Church Records]. He 
served both in the Continental and Revolutionary wars. His 
name is given in the " Muster Roll of Capt. John Boyd's Co. of 
foot in Continental Army, at Fort No. 2, Oct. 5, 1775." His 
name is mentioned many times in the town records of Walpole. 

January 29, 1753. Then assembled ye selectmen and ordered 
their warrant for a Town meeting to be on Feb. 23 to see if it be ye 
mind of the Town to accept of Ens. Theodore Man and others to be 
annexed to the town . . . 1754. March 5. Ensn Theodore Man gives 
^5 towards meeting house . . . Dec. 18. The Town accept the road 
toward this side Ensn Theodore Mans old field . . . 1756. March y® 


2nd Ensn Theodore Man chosen constable . . . 1757. March 1, Ensn 
Theodore Man with others chosen Selectman . . . 17 GO. Feb. 25. 
Paid Ensn Theodore Man the sum of thirteen Shillings and four 
pence for his boarding of School master one month last year . . . 
17G1. March 3. Theodore Man was chosen Surveyor of Highways 
. . . 1762. Jan. 8. Paid Ensn Theodore Man boarding school master 
one month 13 shillings 4 pn . . . Ensn Theodore Man was chosen 
one of a committee to examine the Town Treasurers a'ct — and sur- 
veyor of highways. 

"Ensn Man served 8 months at Boston in 1775 

1/4 Continental Man bought of Jeremiah Blake and not accepted 
by the Town." VValpole Town Records. Showing service of men 
from April 19, 1775, to the 1st of April 1778. 

His name appears in a muster roll of the company in the 
colonies' service, which marched from S. Yv^alpole on the alarm 
last April ye 19, 1775, under the command of Capt. Jeremiah 
Smith in coll. John Smith's Regiment [History of Norfolk Co.] 
Children : — 

Theodore^, b. [ ]. 

RALPH^ b. [ ] ; m. Nov. 20, 1772, Rhoda Metcalf (?) ; 

d. in Medway. 
Seth^. '^ 1756 Theodore Man child b. April 12. Name Seth. 
The 27th year of my ministry. Sept. 16th 1756 an account of 
Baptisms Theodore Mans ch. Seth, Timothy, Elias, Jabez, 
Joseph, Benj: Mary." (George Payson, minister). "Seth Man 
and Susie Dexter both of Walpole, pub, July 15, 1773 " "1778. 
Seth Man paid 1 s. 4 p. to the church." [Walpole Church Rec- 
ords.] " Doer Man served 3/4 month at Rhode Island in 1775." 
[Record of service of men serving in the town of Walpole from 
April 19, 1775, to the 1st of April, 1778.] He was surgeon in 
the Revolutionary army. " Oct. 14, 1778/9 Dr. Seth Man died." 
[Walpole Church Records]. 

5. DANIEL^ b. March [ ], 1714. 

Timothy^ b. [ ]. Col. Timothy Man and Elizabeth 

Parker of Roxbury were published Sept. 9, 1770. He 
was a wool carder and fuller. " L* Timothy Man served 
5 months at Ticonderoga in 1776, I month in Rhode 

32 3IANj^ family. [Jan. 

Island in 1777 and 2 months at Rhode Island in 1778." 
[Record, of men in the town of Walpole in service from 
April 19, 1775, to April, 1778.] 

Jabez^, b. [ ] : m. Elizabeth Higgins of Walpole, March 
2, 1778. He must have moved to Roxbury, as he is 
spoken of as Col. Jabez Man of Roxbury. 

Elias^, b. [ ]. " Elias Man served 3 months at Bos- 

ton in 177G, and 9 months at York in 1776." [Walpole 
Record, 1775-1778.] 

Joseph^, b. in Walpole, March 8, 1775 ; m. Mehitable Bil- 
lings of Stoughton. Published May 28, 1778. "Joseph 
Man served 8 months at Boston in 1775. [Walpole Rec- 
ord, 1775-1778.] 

Benjamin^, b. in Walpole, March 8, 1775; m. Mrs. Deliv- 
erance Kendall, Nov. 20, 1777. "Benjamin Man served 
5 months at Ticonderoga, in 1775. [Walpole Record, 

Mary^ b. April 26, 1757 ; m. Samuel Hartshorn, May 28, 
1788. He d. June, 1838. She d. April 15, 1833 ; buried 
in Walpole. 

Margaret^, b. Aug. 1, 1759 ; m. Oliver Ellis, Aug. 28, 
1784, He d. March 20, 1810, aged 52. She d. Dec. 16, 
1834, aged 75. 

Abigail^ b. [ ] ; m. Christopher Smith, Dec. 9, 1762. 

5. Daniel (^Theodore^^ Theodore^ Samuel'^., William^'), was 
born in Walpole, Mass., March [ ], 1744 ; m. June 9,1768, 
Lydia Smith of Walpole. She was b. in AYalpole, April 15, 1746. 
Daniel Man served in the war of the Revolution. " Daniel 
Mann, Sergeant, Lexington alarm. Roll of Capt. Sabin Man's 
Co. Col. Greaton's Regt. marched on alarm of April 19, 1775, 
from Walpole, belonged in Walpole. Length of service 12 days." 
[Lexington Alarms, Vol. XIII. p. 5, Mass. Archives.] "1769. 
March 8, Daniel Man w^as chosen Surveyr." "1773. March 1. 
Daniel Man was chosen Ty thing man." [Walpole Town Rec- 
ords.] He died Sept. 11, 1776. She m. 2dly Daniel Blake of 
Wrentham ; had Daniel Blake, deaf and dumb, Patty and 
Harvey who d. in Med way in 1847. " Nov. 1, 1768. Ordered. 

1896.] THE AMES DIABY. 3g 

the Treasurer to pay Lydia Man wife of Daniel Man for keeping 
school." [Walpole Town Records.] Children : — 
G. HERMAN^ b. Nov. 10, 1771. 

MiLLY^ b. April 6, 1784 ; m. Mr. Cleale of Dedham, March, 
1805. Their children were Joseph and Nancy. She m. 
2dly, Elias Ware of Wrentham. 
{To be continued.) 


By Edna Frances C alder. 

{Continued from Vol. VI., page IM.) 
August, 1795. 

5 Owners of Meadow agitated vs Millers. 

6 Capt. Robt Smith came to Summon Meadow meeting 

7 went Falls demanded 70£ of 13igsly for drowning my Corn & 

8 Floods still rising, 500.000 Loads of Hay destroyed, in Dedh. Needh. 
& New. 

9 Floods begin to fall. Cut 1^* melon almost ripe. 
10 went Tylers Jammica Plain. 

13 Rain pours steady destroys thousands tons of grass. 

14 The President Washington ratified the Treaty with Britain &> 
Hammond the British minister here immediately sail'd for England. 
Washington now defies the whole Sovreign that made him what he is — 
and can unmake him again. Better his hand had been cut off when his 
glory was at its height before he blasted all his Laurels ! 

16 Meadows deeper in water. 

18 8 up. C. Dedham. 

20 W" Gay drop'd dead walking the street. 

22 Sup^ Court rise not finished the Docket. 

23 Meadows still a Mill Pond. 

24 J. Bussy t^ Wi" Walker licensed Tav» Dorchester. 

25 Melons good & refreshing. 

31 Floods receded so that on the edges mowing begins, but repeated 
great rains 1 e^ 2 Sept. hinders meadows reflooded & 7''^ Sept. more rain 
still raises the water & 8"^ still more rain. 


2 Abner Ellis, Jess Fisher & John Miller gone to Hartford to sett 
up line of Stages. 

4 meadows again flooded. Bull of Hartford declares he will exert 
himself to get Custom for middle Line Stages and appears interested in it. 

6 Ellis Richards & Miller returned from Hartford think the road 
very practicable for Stages & the People zealous to mend the roads for 

12 Crown Circuit Companion— good Book for young Clerks. 

13 water on meadows begins again to fall 5|- days from rain. 

15 Benj Duick of Roxbury said to know the best method of curing 
or making good Cyder from the juice 

24 Joe Lewis ought to be yok'd as a Hog & I wish never to go where 
he is untill he is yok'd ! 

29 Sundry Med. & attend'^^ on Sick uncharged by reason of per- 

34 THE WILL OF [Jan. 


27 Went Boston with Ciipt. Pond. Seth Amos & son here. 
01 Half my Corn yet out in the field devouring- by fowls &c. 


5 P^i Painter 3 dollars. Windows & Doors. 
7 Warm & Pleasant as May. 

12 Xow by a Bank of 100 shares it is attempted to get an Hayscale 
in this Town 'if any Undertalver to erect it appears. 

19 Ann. Thanksg 

20 Xo papers bro't Jos Kichards fails notwithst'g [illeg.] T. Miller 
rooted him out of Dedham Hackney Coach. 


1 Fine weather good for cattle & pasture where the feed is not 
cut off. 

Throat Distemper. Cynanche maligna, Scarlatina anginosa takes 
off several Children, vulgarly called canker-rash. 

2 W'» Whitings son W''^ buried. 

17 President's speech to Congress, first news. 

Ben RusseJl a great blackguard. 
22 Went Boston in Sley with Miller, very cold. 

24 This Winter is the first that I gave 4s a Load for carting Wood 
from my Lot! 

26-30 Dull, hazy, foggy English Weather 

January, 1796. 
Agents for the Town of Dedham viz D" Isaac Bullard myself & 
D° Jas' Whiting to appear this Session of General Court vs the petition 
of Simon Eliot & o'r's for enlarging Mill Creek & diverting the natural 
Course of Charles river by which petition they oifer the fairest opportu- 
nity to the Meadow owners to get relieved of floods that ever offered or 
ever Avill— & I had spoke my passage in the Stage but finding D" Bullard 
contradict himself often for the sake of opposing me & determined to 
mar black & bewray all I could say or do at Court— I would not go & de- 
termined never again to be concern' d with him on any occasion if 1 can 
avoid it. 

{To he continued.) 


Copied by John E. Alden, 

From the original in Suffolk County Probate. 

As very few New England women, in the early colony days, 
left vrills, the following, by the wife of Elder John Hunting, is 
interesting, and helps to bring to us some slight idea of her per- 
sonality. By it is learned her maiden name of Seaborn. Accord- 
ing to Dedham records : " 1676, Ester Hunting, deceased, 
4: 3: 76." 


As the will was not presented till 1684 (the custom being to 
present a will promptly), there might be a doubt whether this 
record is that of Esther Hunting, Senior, or of a daughter, or a 
grand-daughter. This is answered by the facts that her daughter 
had become Hester Fisher ; that her son John, who was married 
April 18, 1671, had sons born in 1672, 73 and 75, and no 
daughter until after the above death ; and her son Samuel did 
not live in Dedham. The delay in probating the will was prob- 
ably on account of delay in receiving the remittance from Eng- 
land, to which it mainly refers. 

In the Yeare of our Lord One thousand six hundred & seauenty 
five the fourth day of January being the eleventh month, I, Hester 
Hunting, Sen^. (the wife of John Hunting, Senio^.) of Dedham in the 
County of Suffolke in the Massachusetts Colloney in New England 
(by the providence of God) being now growen into age & finding the 
infermities incidant thereunto increaseing upon me being therby put 
further in mind of my mortalUty & sumoned to prepare for my latter 
end, do here make & ordeyne this my Last will & Testam^ of those 
things hereafter named haveing full liberty & power so to do from my 
Deare & well beloved husband John Hunting, Senio^. afore'^ there- 
fore in the name & fear of God, I do hereby make my Last will & 
Testam*. in manner & forme as followeth, viz^ 

I do hereby disanull & make void all other wills by me formerly 
at any time made, and comitting my soule into the hands of the Lord 
Jesus, my most Dear Savio''. & Redemer &: my body to the earth 
whence it was first taken to be after my Decease decently burryed & 
therein interred in Christian burryall at the discretion of those y*. 
therein shall be cheifly concearned. Imp^ I do hereby give & be- 
queath unto my welbeloved son John Hunting the whole & full sume 
of twenty pounds as his part of that Estate, Legasy or portion that 
was given to me by my loveing Brother Francis Seaborne in ould 
England which Legasy is yet due to me to be payd as by my Love- 
ing Brother Francis Seaborne's will appeares in old England amount- 
ing to the sume of Fourtie & five pounds. Furthermore I do hereby 
give and bequeath to my beloved son Samuel Hunting: livelng in 
Charlstowne the whole & full sum of Ten pounds as his part & por- 
tion of the aforesayd fourtie & five pounds aforesayd. And I give and 
bequeath to Hannah the wife of my son Samuel aforesayd one payre 

36 THE WILL OF [Jan. 

of new sheets & my best tablecloath & also I give unto my grandchild 
Samuel Hunting (the eldest son of my son Samuel aforesayd) six nap- 
kins. Furthermore my mind and will is that the fiveten pounds that 
do yet remain undisposed of, as before, of the aforesaid fourtie & five 
pounds the sayd fiveten pounds being devided in four parts shall be 
disposed of as foUoweth, Item, I give & bequeath one fourth part of 
the fiveten pounds aforesayd unto my Loveing daughter Mary Buck- 
ner of Boston, and also my best tamy coate. Item, I give & bequeath 
unto the children of my Daughter ware (deceased) one fourth part of 
the fiveten pounds aforesayd to be eaqually devided betwixt them all. 
Item, I do give *Sc bequeath unto my Loveing daughter Hester ffisher 
of Dedham one fourth part of the fiveten pounds aforesayd & also my 
best gowne. Item, I give & bequeathe unto Hester Pecke the 
daughter of my son in law John Peck of Rehoboth one fourth part 
of the aforesayd fiveten pounds & also my Hatt and my stuff coate. 
Item, I give & bequeath unto Mary wood my maid servant my ould 
red undercoate & my searge undercoat & my cloath wescoate. And 
what doe remayne undisposed of (as aforesayd) of all my wearing 
apparell. Lining & woolling (Sec. I do give & bequeath unto Elizabeth 
Hunting the wife of my eldest son John Hunting of Dedham afore- 
sayd, furthermore my mind and will is that my dear and welbeloved 
husband aforesayd should have the full use and improvement of all 
the premises as longe as he doth live exscepting what things of my 
weareing apparell he do se cause to give way to be sooner disposed 
of to the p'sons abovesayd. And for the time of delivery of the fourtie 
& five pounds as aforesaid my mind and will is that it should be payd 
& delivered to each one as abovesayd within Six months after the de- 
cease of my Dear husband if it be sent hither from old England be- 
fore, otherwise to be deliuered presantly after it be sent over when- 
ever it do come after my said husband's decease, and if the whole 
sum aforesayd of fourtie and five pounds cannot be atained then my 
mind and will is that so much thereof as can be atained shall be de- 
vided to the persons aforesayd according to their severall proportions 
aforesaid by abateing in each pound what the aforesayd sume shall 
fall short of fourtie 8z five pounds. Item, I doe nominate, impower 
& appoint my Loveing sons John Hunting and Samuel Hunting afore- 
sayd both of them to be the Executo'^^ of this my last will & testament 
to whom I give all power requisit and necessary for them as my law- 
full Executo^^ In Witniss that this is my last will and testament I 

1896.] ESTHEB HUNTING. 37 

have hereunto set my hand & afixed my Seale the day & yeare above 

Writen. her mark 

Hester S Hunting (seal) 

Signed Sealed and Entered in y^ Margent. 

published this to be my I John Huntting, Sen'' of Dedham 

Last will & testament do give my free consent to my 

in presence of wife Hester Huntting to make 

Thomas Battelle this her last will and do 

Thomas Fisher. confirme y^ same fully 

Wittness my hand 

his mark 

Exhibited at a John IH Huntting, Sen'". 

County Court for 


12 ffebry 1G84, 

A line of descent from Esther Hunting is as follows : — 

Elder John Hunting, born 1597, died in Dedham, April 
12, 1688 ; married Esther Seaborn, who died May 4, 1676 ; their 

Margaret Hunting, died Aug. 26, 1670 ; married March 
24,1645, KobertWareof Dedham, who died April 19, 1699; 
their son 

Ebenezer Ware, born Oct. 28, 1667; died Jan., 1765; 
married March 18, 1690, Martha Elerring, born July 11, 1668 ; 
died Jan. 30, 1710 ; their daughter 

Sarah Ware, married April 29, 1731, Joseph Davenport, 
born in Milton, Aug. 30, 1701, died in Newton, March 12, 1752 ; 
their son 

Benjamin Davenport, born in Newton June 16, 1743 ; 
died in Needham, Dec. 28, 1833 ; married Jan. 26, 1769, Sarah 
Wilson of Dedham, b. Dec. 10, 1745 ; died Nov. 16, 1821 ; their 

Martha Davenport, born in Dedham, April 8, 1770 ; died 
in Dedham Sept. 5, 1846 ; married April 11, 1793, Amasa Alden, 
born in Needham, March 29, 1772 ; died in D., Dec. 7, 1857. 



By Philip Adsit Fisher, 

of San Francisco, Cal. 

[Continued from Vol. VI., 2)age GS.) 

48. EzEKiEL, Ji'.,^ son of Ezekiel (29) and Susanna (Wads- 
worth) Fisher, was b. in that part of Stoughton, now Canton, 
Aug. 5, 1748; m. 1st, Jan. 10, 1771, Sarah, daughter of Nath- 
aniel and Hannah ( ) May, who was b. at Stoughton, Oct. 
25, 1751, and d. there Jan. 16, 1787 ; m. 2d\j, Oct. 18, 1787, 
Anna Horton, who was b. at Stoughton, Feb. 11, 1763, and d. at 
Canton, March 1, 1841, aged 78. He was a Sergeant in Captain 
James Endicott's company at Lexington alarm, and subsequently 
served in the war ; was a blacksmith by trade, and his house, 
built in 1787, in Ponkapoag, Canton, is still standing, the home- 
stead being owned and occupied by his grandson, Charles Fisher. 
Ezekiel d. in Canton, Aug. 22, 1802. Their children, b. in Can- 
ton, were : — 

Mary," b. May 8, 1772; m. 1st, Elijah Crane, Jr., Dec. G, 

1787; moved to Maine; m. 2dly, Abner Tibbetts, of 

Exeter, Me. 
George,^ b. Dec. 25, 1774 ; m. Lois Vose Ward, of Milton. 
Elias,"^ b. Feb. 3, 1777 ; m. Hannah Carver; res. Taunton. 
Alexander,^ b. Dec. 2, 1780; m. Clara Tucker, Sept. 

26, 1816. 
Sarah,^ b. April 21, 1783; m. Elijah Skinner, and moved 

to Corinth, Me. 
Nathan,^ b. March 6, 1785; m. 1st, Mary Johnson ; 2dly, 

Maria Carpenter, of Rehoboth; residence Taunton. 
Samuel Horton,' b. (by second wife) Nov. 6, 1789 ; d. 

unm. Aug. 19, 1849. 
Nancy,' b. Feb. 14, 1792; m. Laban Fields, of Taunton. 
Eunice,' b. [ ]; m. Justus Pooler, of Belchertown, 

49. Lemuel,^ son of Ezekiel (29) and Susanna (Wads- 
worth) Fisher, was b. in that part of Stoughton, now Canton, 
Dec. 8, 1754, and d. at Canton, Aug. 23, 1810, aged 55. He m. 
at Stoughton, June 1, 1780, Anna Billings, who was b. at 


Stoughton, Oct. 20, 1757, and d. at Canton, Feb. 7, 1827, aged 
C9. He lived on what is now called the Dunbar Farm in Can- 
ton. Their children were : — 

Sarah,^ b. April 12, 1781; m. Henry Stone Bemis, of 

Canton, in 1804. 
JoHN,^ b. Nov. 10, 1782; d. single, in Ohio. 
AsA,^ b. July 15, 1784; m. [ ] Waite, of Spencer. 
Lemuel,^ b. Feb. 24, 1786 ; a farmer, res. Canton; d. unm. 

Dec. 22, 1843, aged 57. 
Joseph,'^ b. Jan. 30, 1788; m. Mrs. Ruth Irvine, June 

13, 181G. 
Anna,^ b. Jan. 3, 1790; d. Sept. 8, 1806. 
RuTH,^ b. Feb. 4, 1792; m. Luther Ingraham, March 7, 

Mary,^ b. April 22, 1794; m. James Leonard, 1820. 
SusAN,^ b. Dec. 14, 1798 ; d. in Maine, Feb. 27, 1879, 
aged 80 ; unm. 

{To he continued.) 


At the bottom of page 146 of tlie October Register, there 
is a reference to Laban Lewis. Laban (b. April 12, 1764, at 
Canton, Mass., where he d. Jidy 19, 1842), the eighth of the 
eleven children of James Hawkes and Lydia (Pratt) Lewis, of 
Canton, was a direct descendant in the sixth generation 
(^Lahar^^ James Haiuhe^^., Jolm^^ Joliiv^^ JameiP'^ George^^ of 
George Lewis of Greenwich, England, who after seven years' 
residence in Plymouth and Scituate settled in Barnstable in 
1637. Laban had m. 1st, Dec. 26, 1799, Rebecca (b. April 24, 
1774, d. Oct. 13, 1812), dau. of Philip and Rebecca (Fuller) 
Withington of Sharon, Mass. There were five children by this 
marriage. On Feb. 20, 1823, he m. 2dly, Abigail (b. May 17, 
1771, d. Oct, 9, 1857), dau. of James and Abigail (Puffer) Endi- 
cott of Stoughton and Canton. No children by this marriage. 
In the columns of Lewisiana can be found a full record of the 
descendants of Laban Lewis. 

In connection with the Fisher genealogy now appearing in 
the Register, it may not be out of place to note that Laban's 


brother, Benjamin (b. Nov. 13, 1766, cl. May 20, 1860), m. 
Hannah (b. March 14, 1773, d. June 5, 1833), dau. of Nathaniel 
and Hannah (Baker) Fisher. See Lewisiana for descendants. 

James Hawkes Lewis, the father of these brothers, came to 
Canton in 1745, and bought of John Andrews a farm of one hun- 
dred acres on Cherry Hil], being a portion of the northeast sec- 
tion of the Ponkapoag Reservation ; and it extended from the 
old turnpike (the Indian trail from Boston to Providence) to the 
shore of Ponkapoag Pond. 

Cakll a. Lewis, Editor of Lewisiana. 


A new vohime of Dedham Records, edited by the Town Clerk, 
Don Gleason Hill, under the title "An Alphabetical Abstract of the 
Record of Marriages," 1844-1890, completes the publication of the 
vital statistics of the town from 1035 to Jan. 1, 1891, and forms the 
seventh volume of Town Records edited by Mr. Hill. He began the 
work as a labor of love, in 1886, the anniversary year of the town, and 
has continued it in the same spirit ever since with unabated zeal. 
Included in this series are the Church Records of baptisms, marriages 
and deaths, 1638-1845, published in 1888, and the Early Records of 
the Town Meetings and Selectmen, 1636-1673, issued in 1892 and 
1894. Only those who have undertaken the actual work of compiling 
such records can realize the exhausting labor and painstaking care 
necessary in making accurate transcripts, and in doing the proper 
editorial work ; and it is not too much to say that Mr. Hill's work 
will stand the most critical test in these particulars. Not only persons 
interested in the preservation and diffusion of genealogical and his- 
torical material, but the people of Dedham owe Mr. Hill a debt of 
gratitude for his unselfish devotion to their interests. 


1. Who was Priscilla Clarke (Register, II, 109), who mar. 
Nathaniel Colburn, July 25, 1039? Was she a sister or dau. of Joseph 
Clarke, Dedham, 1042? 

Can any one give me information about Daniel Pond, b. about 
1630, and who had children b. in Dedham as early as 1652 ? His aunt 
was a Belcher, and she lived with him at Dedham. 

Ellen Dunlap Hopkins, 200 West 23d Street, N. Y. 

2. Who was Elizabeth Wheaton, the 1st wife of Ebenezer Newell, 
b. Oct. 18, 1736, d. Feb. 2^, 1797? 

Mrs. M. W. Davenport, 212 East 16th Street, N. Y. 

Vol. V. 43, halfv.ay down the page, for Nantucket, read Nantasket. 



cc - 

The Dedham Historical Register. 

Vol. VII. April, 1896. No. 2. 



^T^HE people of Dedham look back with pride upon more 
-*- than 250 years of public school history. Their rich inheri- 
tance from the past is at least an inspiration to the building up 
and strengthening of the system existing to-d£Lj. It was on 
January 1, 1644-5, that the inhabitants of the Town, " takeing 
into Consideration the great necesitie of prouiding some meanes 
for the Education of the youth in o^' sd Towne did with an 
Vnanimous consent declare by voate their willingnes to promote 
that worke promising to put too their hands to provide mainte- 
nance for a Free Schoole in our said Towne." The school 
established in accordance with this vote had its home near the 
Church, partly on the site of the present Unitarian Vestry ; and 
the building served the purposes of the children until the year 
1717. A little before this the people began to build at longer 
distances from the meeting-house, and the growth of little settle- 
ments here and there gave rise to a demand for other school 
buildings. What are now known as the Fisher, Endicott, Dexter^ 
Colbarn and Burgess followed in due time. 

On January 29, 1784, the first movement was made toward 
establishing a school at East Dedham. The following petition 
and vote form a part of the record of the town meeting of 
May 27, 1784 :— 

Whereas We your Humble Petitioners which have not an Equal 
Privilege to Sending to School that other Parts of the Town have 
by reason of being so great a distance & the present Schools so full 


we find but Little Benefit of our Proportion of School Money which 
has mov'^ we the Subscribers to Request this favour of the Town to 
Be Set off from the School we now Belong and to Draw our Propor- 
tion of School money and to dispose of it to the Use and Benefit of 
Schooling as the Petitioners see fit. 

Dedham, Jan'-^ 29"^ 1784 

Signed by 

Israel Fairbank W™ Paul Jonathan Daman Joseph Swan Samuel 
Daman Thomas How Thomas How J^' W^^ Whiting Israel Fairbank 
J'^ Stephen Whiting Solomon Whiting Joseph Whiting Moses Whit- 
ing Aaron Whiting Abner Whiting Paul Lewis Paul Whiting Joseph 
Whiting J^' Eben^ Paul Lem^ Badlam WiUiam Badlam. 

The Town Voted to Grant the foregoing Request, and that the 
Petitioners be allowed to draw their proportion of School Money, and 
to use it according to the Prayer thereof. 

This school did not receive its present name until 1867, v\dien 
in. accordance with a report made by Mr. Erastus Worthingtou, 
the School Committee named all the schools in tovrn. This school 
Vr^as named in memory of an early benefactor of the public 
schools of Dedham, Dr. William Avery. The following minutes 
from the town records relate to his gift made in 1680. 

28: 4: 80: 

Doc. Will Auery doth tender money Sixty pounds for the incor- 
agment of the latine Schoole in this Towne prouided thier be such 
incoragmt to a schoole as may be sutable of the Townes part and to 
that end to treet with him refering to his conditions we chose Capt 
Dan ffisher and En Tho ffuller." (V., 03.) 

3 10 mo 1680 

Cap* Dan fnsher make a return of th e trust comitted to him selfe 
and En Tho ffuller of a some of money of sixty pounds giuen to the 
Towne and the Improument for the benefit of a Latin Schoole. 

The returne is as foloweth be it thereby declared that I Will 
Auery Phisision now resedent in Boston : some times of the Church 
of Dedham do out of my Intireloue to the : Church and Towne : thier 
frely giue the full some of sixty pound in money thier of to be Holy 
for the incouragmt of a latin Schoole as shall be from time to time so 
ordered by the elders or elder of that church and select men for the 


time being desiring other horn God shall make able will adde thier 
vnto that a latine Schoole may generally be maintayned thier and 
this to stand upon record in thier towne Booke (V., 95.) 

On the front of the news chool building completed in the 
summer of 1895, a tablet was placed, bearing the following 
inscription and headline ; 

1784. ^ AVERY SCHOOL. ^ 1 895. 


The frontispiece to this number of the Register follows a 
photograph taken by Mr. W. H. Eamsay on Feb. 10, 1896, and is 
used by permission of the Selectmen. 


By Mrs. George F. Fisher. 

This short account relates to one of tlie inliabitants of 
Dedham whose history is connected with revolutionary times, 
and who has numerous descendants in our town. Captain Joseph 
Guild was born at the old homestead on East Street, May 11, 
1735, and lived there till some time after his marriage to Miriam 
Draper, in 1759. This house, built by his great-grandfather, 
John Guild, in 1640, has long since gone to decay, but its site on 
the easterly side of East Street, a short distance north of the 
Endicott station, is marked by an old pear tree and the hollow 
which shows the exact spot. Passers-by in June may each year 


notice the luxuriant growth of cinnamon roses, which returns to 
remind them of the old garden that once existed there. Later 
Captain Guild purchased a farm on Dedham Island, now known 
as Kiverdale, where he resided, excepting when on military duty, 
the rest of his life. The house is still standing and was occupied 
by J. Lothrop Motley during his residence in Dedham; and 
later, when the estate passed into the hands of Mr. Albert W. 
Nickerson, it was used by his family during the building of the 
stone house where Mrs. Nickerson now lives. Several years ago 
I was much interested in visiting this house with my mother, 
who had not been there for 3^ears, and in seeing the paneled 
rooms, the ho-fet (as it was then pronounced) in the corner, the 
low ceiling, bed-rooms and stairwa}^ where the boards of the 
steps were worn hollow with the tread of former generations, 
the house, too, where her father was born, — all of which carried 
one back to what we often speak of as the good old times. 

At the news of the battle of Lexington Captain Guild left 
his farm to the care of his wife, who, with seven sons, all young, 
remained there during the time of his absence in the public ser- 
vice ; and taking command of a company of minute-men, he 
marched at once for the scene of hostilities. It is related that 
meeting a man on the road who pronounced the alarm false, he 
seized and gagged him with his own hand, and left him under 
the charge of one of his own men, fearing the report would 
reach those who would be glad to think it true. He was after- 
wards at Ticonderoga, Montreal and other places, and was one 
of the Committee of Safety for several years. After the war he 
filled many offices of trust, such as Justice of the Peace, Select- 
man, and Representative to the General Court, and died in 1794. 
His wife survived him many years, dying in 1831, at the age of 

A journal is now in the possession of a descendant, Mr. 
Calvin Guild of Dedham, written by Captain Guild during the 
expedition to Ticonderoga, from which I copy some extracts, to 
show the trials and privations endured by our ancestors, of which 
we can form so little an idea. Not to go too much into detail, I 


pass over all but the more important events. The first date is 
March 9, 1776, when starting from Cambridge, he, with his com- 
mand, passed through Dedham, Medway and other towns, 'to 
New London, Connecticut, whence they sailed for New York, 
where they remained three weeks ; thence to Albany, Saratoga, 
and Fort Edward which they found demolished. 

April 30. Marched through the worst road I ever saw. Rainy 
and very wet, arrived at our lodging about 14 miles. The officers & 
some of the men got shelter in an old hut very poor, and many of the 
men lodged out in the wood. 

Wed. May 1st. Marched about 14 or 16 miles through a hideous 
wilderness «& uncultivated way, 10 of the first miles without even see- 
ing a house, & then arrived at a house where we refreshed ourselves. 
The woman of the house had six children under four, the youngest 3 
weeks old — the woman about the house, without shoes in a very wet 
and muddy time. The above way had many brooks to pass, some 
waded through, I & others up to the knees, many fell in up to the 
neck on a very cold morning. 

Thursday 2nd. Took battoes at 9 o'clock went down the lake 30 
miles, arrived at Ticonderoga & lodged in the barracks that night 
where was as grand a French fort as I ever saw, stone wall, bomb 
proof, &c. 

Friday 3rd. Tarried till 4 or 5 o'clk — took water, sailed for 
Crown Point, 14 miles, arrived about dark, took shelter in a little 
house, lodged on the floor, men shurked for themselves, some in little 
huts, some in old barracks. In the morning viewed the fort, exceeded 
all I have seen before. 

Saturday 4th. Sailed for Crown Point 22 miles to a place called 
Split Rock in the wilderness, pitched tents & tarried over night. 

Sunday 5th. Tarried all day with contrary winds, Mr. Barnum 
preached, had one exercise — afternoon came on snow storm. 

Monday, very snowy, wet & uncomfortable, nothing to eat but 
flour & salt pork. 

After sailing several days and accomplishing about 150 
miles they reached a town called Sorrel, lodging in a French 
house on the floor. During the last fifty miles he says " were 
the beautifullest towns I ever saw, I compute at least 200 build- 
ings." The next day, the 10th, they had news that our army at 


Quebec had been defeated and was on its way up tlie river, and 
would make a stand at Three Rivers or at their encampment, so 
they sent off a large party with batteaux, to their assistance. 

At Sorrel they remained till July 17, several men dying 
meanwhile, and then embarked for Ticonderoga, which they 
reached the same day. 

July 18th. Afternoon & night as rainy a time as ever I saw. Fri- 
day 19th. This morning our tents blowhig & everything swimming in 

Monday 22nd wrote a letter to my wife & one to Ensign Bullard. 

Tuesday 23rd removed over the river into a thick howling 
wilderness. The same day a flag of truce was sent by the order of 
the congress under the command of Maj. Bigelow. 

At this time the army was in a very distressed state, many 
dying and others unfit for duty. On Friday, Sept. 20, he con- 
tinues, " Drawed peas for allowance the first time since we have 
been in these parts. Wed. Oct. 4. First frosty morning." 

On Monday, Nov. 18, they embarked on their batteaux, reach- 
ing Fort George and Fort Edward, and then on to Saratoga, 
where they received orders from Gen. Schuyler, to march to the 
Massachusetts Bay, but onl}^ went as far as Albany. Here Capt. 
Guild was detained on court martial duty for two days, and his 
journal, Dec. 20th, says : — 

Received the infection of small pox by inoculation. In the after- 
noon was ordered to embark for Montreal going 12 miles up the St. 
Lawrence that night. On the next day received orders to press on 
with all speed to assist our brethren in great danger at jMontreal 
where we arrived about 11 o'clk. 

Wed. 21st went on guard at ^Montreal — nothing happened, but in 
great expectation of the enemy. Col. Williams, with a party of 150 
men was sent off to assist Gen. Arnold about 12 miles. 

Thursday 23. Nothing happened, remained in this place in hourly 
expectation of the enemy coming upon us. 

Friday 24. Was reinforced by a party of about 300 men from 
Sorrell. Gen. Arnold was reinforced by a party of 200. 

Wed. 29. Had the pleasure of perusing a letter received from my 
wife of the 20th as also Ensign Bullard's of the 22d. Weather 


extremely cold. The first day I felt the operation of the small pox, 
continued till Friday when ordered to go over the river to Laprairie, 
about 9 miles, when we were belated, night came on, obliged to put 
to a house, extremely ill, lodged on the floor. In the morning greatly 

Saturday Jan. 1st. Put off from Laprairie arrived about 10 o'clk, 
tarried all day. 

Sunday 2nd. Marched from Laprairie for St. Johns, 18 miles, sick 
& breaking out with the small pox, arrived about 4 o'clk. Received 
two letters from Mr. Haven of May oth & Ensign Bullard of April 
28th, perused with pleasure. 

Saturday 8th. Wrote a letter to my wife by Seargt. Stevens. 

Sunday 16th. Buried our friend Lt. Payne at St. Johns. Orders 
to retreat to an island where we arrived about 9 o'clock, with the sick 
only, I myself being exceedingly weak & low. 

Monday 17th. Tarried all day, boats continually bringing up our 

Tuesday 18th. Was ordered with a party to Point Or, we arrived 
a little before night and took possession. 

Thursday 20th. About 60 batteaux with the sick & baggage 
retreating, arrived at & went by the point. 

Thursday 27th. Sailed from Point du Fere. 

Friday 28th. Sailed from Crown Point & arrived on Monday 
night July 1st, about 2 o'clk about 200 miles from Albany. 

Friday 6th [which is the last entry]. Embarked for Flaverstraw 
where we were ordered by Gen. Lee to join him in that place. 

Here the journal ends abruptly, but perhaps we have fol- 
lowed the expedition long enough to sympathize with its disap- 
pointments, as well as to admire the courage which enabled the 
men composing it to endure such hardships and privations with- 
out faltering. 

This paper was read before the Afternoon Chib, on February 11, 1896. 



By Carlos Sl after. 

{Continued from 2)age 10.) 

Luther Richards of Dover was master of the Westfiekl school 
two winters 1830-1 and 1831-2. Subsequently he engaged in 
business in Boston. On May 1, 1839, he was married to Miss 
Abby F. AYilson of Dedham. 

William Thurston, styled a "very young teacher" by one of 
liis pupils, taught in South Dedham in 1831. He was the step- 
son of the late Samuel Swett of Dedham. 

Also in 1831 or 1832 Ruth Robinson was the school mistress 
in South Dedham. She married a Mr. Maynard of Westboro, 
and removed to the state of Tennessee. 

In the summer of 1832 the East Street School was in charge 
of Miss Sarah Stowe Clarke, the daughter of Major Jacob and 
Prudence (Stowe) Clarke, born in Dedham, March 27, 1812. She 
was educated at the Wheaton Seminary, in Norton, Mass., and 
at the Ipswich Female Seminar}^ She was married to Ebenezer 
Paul Crane of Dedham, April 7, 1836. With the exception of a 
few years at Newton Lower Falls, she spent her life in her native 
town, where iier kindness of heart and uniform cheerfulness se- 
cured her many warm friends. Previous to her marriage she 
taught schools in Richmond, R. I., and Braintree, Mass. She 
died in Dedham, December 30, 1881. 

About 1830 Sarah Ann Montague began to teach the summer 
school of East Street, and continued her work there probably 
several years. She was the daughter of the Rev. William and 
Jane (Little) Montague, born in Dedham, where she was united 
in marriage to Edward Ellis Titcouib, August 6, 1835. " She 
was a woman of strong character and characteristics, much 
executive ability, a true friend, a devoted wife and mother." She 
died January 24, 1850, leaving two children, a daughter who is 
now the principal of St. Mary's Hall, Burlington, N. J., and a 

1896.1 OF DEDHAM. 49 

son wlio served in the War of the Rebellion, as a Captain in the 
38tli Regiment, U. S. Colored Troops. 

From 1829 to 1839 Franklin Crorabie was a well-known and 
highly appreciated teacher in Dedham. He began his work in 
the Mill School, and succeeded Mr. Melvin in the First Middle 
District. In 1834 he taught in East Street, then three winters 
in the Second Middle, closing his labors in the Mill School in 
1839. He also taught two schools in Milton, Mass., and later 
in life in Auburn, N. H. He was the son of Amos and Anna 
(Patten) Crombie, born in Chester, N. H., Oct. 25, 1803, of 
Scotch-Irish descent. A part of his education he obtained at 
Pinkerton Academy, Derry, N. H. ; but he loved to own books, 
and by their use he largely educated himself, and later in life 
was the possessor of a valuable library. He was a surveyor of 
land and Justice of the Peace many years ; held several town 
offices, as Selectman, Representative to the Legislature, Superin- 
tendent of Auburn Schools, and the Moderator of Auburn town 
meetings 15 years. He was a thorough and strict teacher when the 
methods of school management were much more severe than the 
present. He was an excellent penman, and some of his school 
records, still to be seen, are models of neatness and good taste. 
He remained unmarried, and resided in Auburn, N. H., where he 
died December 22, 1875. 

About 1832, Annie Gay, "of venerable age," taught school 
in South Dedham and three summers in East Street. "Was 
very exact," says one of her pupils. She lived to a great age. 

Nathaniel Metcalf Guild taught the Westfield District 
Winter School, 1832-3. He was the son of Calvin and Lenda- 
mine (Draper) Guild, born July 21, 1811 ; fitted for college at 
Bradford under the instruction of Benjamin Greenleaf, the 
author of arithmetics ; entered Brown University, but on ac- 
count of failing health left in his second year, and went to the 
South, where he taught for a time and then engaged in business. 
Later he resided several years in California, but returned to 
Cincinnati, Ohio, where he spent his last years in trade. He 
married Mary Messinger of Dedham, Sept. 10, 1839 ; and died 
in Cincinnati, Dec. T, 1859. 


About 1833, or earlier, Sophia Foord became a teacher in 
the First Middle School, and continued several years. Slu- was 
the daughter of James and Hannah (Blake) Foord of K!'ton, 
and lived to a venerable age in Dedham, where she '.''as 
respected for her intelligence and extensive reading. She died 
May 1, 1885, aged 82 years, 9 months, and 24 days. 

Eunice Messenger, the daughter of Deacon Jason and Olive 
(Read) Messenger, taught in the Second Middle District in 
1833. She was born in 1811 and was united in marriage to 
John A. Collins of Boston, September, 1842. 

Cornelia Guild taught the primary department of the Second 
Middle School the summer of 1833. Subsequently she taught in 
Rhode Island. She is the daughter of Calvin and Lendamine 
(Draper) Guild, and was educated at Bradford Academy, then 
under the care of Mr. Greenleaf, the arithmetician. She mar- 
ried John Shorey, a merchant of Boston, in 1833. Later she 
resided many years in Dedham, enjoying the society and esteem 
of many dear friends. She now resides in Boston Highlands. 

For two summers, 1833 and 1834, Rebecca Newell Ellis, had 
charge of the Clapboardtrees School. She was the daughter of 
Jason and Susan D. (Fairbanks) Ellis, born Oct. 8, 1811, and 
was married to INlerrill D. Ellis, June 17, 1847. On the 23d of 
December, 1889, she died in West Dedham, where she had long 
enjoyed the esteem of all who knew her. 

The Summer School in the Westfield District was taught by 
Miss Jane Ann Grover three terms, 1833-4 and 5. She was the 
daughter of Calvin and Ruth (Billings) Grover, born in Fox- 
borough, June 20, 1809, and was educated in Dr. Baker's School 
in Dorchester, and Rev. Mr. Blake's Classical Institute in Med- 
way. She taught school in Foxborough in 1836, and in jNIans- 
field about 1832. She married David Addison Baker of Dedham 
Dec. 1, 1836. The rest of her life was spent in Dedham, where 
she died much respected, Jan. 21, 1881. 

During two winters, 1833-4 and 1834-5, Josiah Warren 
Talbot was the master of the West Dedham School, and of the 
South Dedham in 1836. He was the son of Josiah and Mary 


(Kichards) Talbot, born in Fayette, Maine, and was educated in 
the schools of Sharon, Mass., and " various Academies." He 
studied for the ministry with a clergyman of Roxbury, Mass. ; 
was ordained by the Boston Association of Universalists in 1836; 
preached in several towns and was last settled in East Boston. 
He was married to Mary L. Bigelow, Boxborough, Mass., in 
1838. Removed in 1860 to South Dedham, where he still resides 
as a respected citizen of Norwood. 

In the winter of 1833-4 William Cleveland had charge of 
the Westfield School. He was the son of George Cleveland of 
Dover, and a cousin of Ira Cleveland, Esq., late of Dedham. 

{To he continued.) 


An Address delivered at a Reunion of the Partridge 

Family, Templeton, August, 1895. 

By Rev. Lyman Partridge, of Dedham. 

No portion of history is so interesthig to most people as 
that which portrays the habits and opinions of former genera- 
tions. If a journal had been kept by Homer, Demosthenes, or 
Socrates, and preserved until the present time, it would be read 
with more interest than the Iliad and Odyssey of the first, the 
orations of the second, or the philosophy of the third. When one 
visits the house in which Shakespeare was born, and walks the 
pathway over which "the immortal bard" is said to have gone 
"a-wooing," and passes through the rooms of the cottage still 
occupied by the Hathaway family, where Shakespeare spent the 
first ten years of his married life, there is the wish that he 
had left a record of his early years, or that some contemporary 
had written a volume of reminiscences. 

So, as we think of our ancestors, we wish they had left 
records of their daily lives. But the wish is vain in regard to 

Reference to Probate and Registry are to Suffolk, where name of County- 
is not given. 

52 PAliTBIDGE FAMILY. [April, 

them, or the bard of Stratford-on-Avon, or the men of ancient 
Athens. Yet we may learn something from genealogy of the 
daily life of those who preceded us. Genealogy incidentally 
furnishes revelations something like those of the daily paper, the 
book of reminiscences, and the diary. It ought to be more than 
a dry day record of births, marriages and deaths. Along wdth 
these, it should contain descriptions of the character of some of 
the members of the family, in each generation, of their daily life, 
and of the times in which they lived, gathered from various 
sources. This has been done in a few genealogies, among which 
may be mentioned that of the descendants of John Dwight, one 
of the original settlers of Dedham, and the genealogies in 
Tilden's History of Medfield, 

With these facts before us, w^e will now consider the revela- 
tions of genealogy, illustrated in the history of a branch of the 
Partridge family, for two centuries, 1651 — 1851. 

There is a family tradition that two brothers, John and 
William Partridge, with their sister Margery, came from Eng- 
land in the fifth ship that followed the Mayflower, and that they 
and an older brother, Henry, born in London in 1604, were 
descended from the Hockham Hall Partridges, of Norfolk Coun- 
t}', described as landed gentry. This ^ is yet tradition. But 
we do know^ that in 1651, the year after Medfield was incor- 
porated, a grant of six acres in that town was made to William 
Partridge. (Tilden's Medfield.) It was on w^hat is now known 
as North Street, where the house of the Misses Wight stands. It 
may seem that this was a small lot of land to be granted, when 
a large part of Medfield w^as undivided and uninhabited, but at 
the time of the settlement of the older towns of Massachusetts, 
no large tract of land was assigned to anyone, the law requiring 
that "no houses should be built over half a mile from the 
meeting house, except mill houses, and farm houses of such as 
had dwellings in some town." This law was evidentl}^ made 
because of the danger of attacks by the Indians. For the pur- 
poses of mutual protection the families were required to reside 
near each other. But, in addition to land for a house lot, vary- 

* See Address of "W. H. Partridge, at Partridge Reunion, 1893. 


ing from two to twelve acres, grants were made of much larger 
tracts of land outside of the settlement. 

The street upon which Mr. William Partridge lived received 
the expressive name of " Bachellor's Koe," probably because not 
only our ancestor, but three other unmarried young men had 
grants of land and homes side by side. This name appears in 
the records of the town, two years after the grants were made. 
(Medfield liec.) But it soon deserved a better name. William 
Partridge had a sister, Margery, who probably took charge of 
his house. There is no record that either of the other young 
men had a sister to care for his house, though probably each 
had a house. Thomas Ellis and Thomas Mason, as well as 
William Partridge, built their houses as early as 1653, and so 
near the beginning of that year, if not earlier, there were several 
young men owning houses side by side, and in one of them a 
young lady without a husband. There came to pass what we 
should naturally expect. On April 23, 1653, Thomas Mason 
and Margery Partridge were married by Major Eleazer Lusher, 
of Dedham. Ministers of the Gospel were not then allowed to 
officiate at weddings. From 1646 to 1692 marriages could be 
solemnized onl}^ by magistrates, or by such other persons as the 
General Court should authorize, where no magistrate was near. 
This was the first wedding in Medfield. How we wish that an 
account of it had been written and kept until the present time. 
But we do know that Margery Partridge was the first young 
lady married in Medfield. 

Of this marriage there were six children, between the years 
1655 and 1669, four sons and two daughters. For twenty-three 
years peace and prosperity were enjoyed by this family. But in 
1676, a terrible affliction came upon them. On February 21 
of that year occurred the Indian attack upon Medfield, when 
thirty-two houses were burned, besides barns and other build- 
ings, and sixteen of the inhabitants were killed. No other 
family suffered as much as that of Thomas Mason. He and 
two of his boys, Thomas and Zachariah, aged sixteen and four- 
teen years, were killed that morning by the Indians. His house 


and barn were burned, ^Yitll the furniture, " a dozin head of 
cattell " and " many sheep." ^ What a terrible day for that 
wife and mother ! One year later the eldest son, John, was 
killed in the " Indian war at the east.'' He was twenty years 
of age. Thus in one year, not only the husband, but three of 
the four sons perished at the hands of the Indians. Genealogy 
reveals something of the sorrows and sufferings occasioned by 
the cruel Indian wars. There were two daughters: Mary, born 
1657, married 1677 Abraham Harding and settled in what is 
now Millis. She died 1694, leaving five children ; Mehitable 
born 1665, married 1685, Thomas Thurston of Wrentham. She 
died 1692, leaving children. 

Thus in eighteen years, the husband and five of the six 
children were removed by death. The mother had trouble upon 
trouble. She seems to have married again, for she was called 
'• Margery Stacy, relict to Thomas Mason."^ In her will, written 
in 1695, she describes herself as " aged about sixty and seven 
3''ears, and being under Bodily Weakness, and not knowing how 
short my lifetime may be." She bequeathed all her real and 
personal estate to her son, and only surviving child, Ebenezer, 
''no part or parcel excepted." He was to pay one of her sons- 
in-lav»% Three pounds in good current Country pay," and to 
each of her grandchildren by her daughters, he must also give 
five shillings money, or an English Bible. 

She died sixteen years afterwards, in 1711, aged eighty-three. 
Her estate was appraised at 719.18.'^ She outlived all of the 
men who came to Medfield, during the first ten years of its 
existence, except Edward Adams. She was a member of the 
church in Medfield. 

The son, Ebenezer, who inherited the home place, was a man 
of influence. He served as selectman for seven years, was 
quarter-master in 1716, and representative to the General Court 
in 1730. He died in 1754, aged eighty five. 

^ Petition of Rev. John Wilson, Tilden's History of Medfield, pp. 95, 429. 
2 Tilden, p. 429; Probate, xxix., 281; ' xx., 30. 


The farm is still in the possession of a lineal descendant, 
Amos E. Mason. Some of the descendants of Margery Partridge 
Mason have occupied places of honor and usefulness. Among 
them may be mentioned Lowell Mason, who did so much for the 
art of music, Hev. Abner Mason, a godly man, once pastor 
of the Baptist Church in West Medway ; Rev. William Mason, 
of Bangor, Maine, and Rev. Thomas Mason of Northfield. 

One year after the marriage of Margery, or in 1654, her 
brother, William, took to himself a wife, Sarah Price, who died 
in two years, leaving no children. The same year, 1656, he 
married Sarah Colburn, daughter of Nathaniel Colburn, a prom- 
inent citizen of Dedham, and ancestor of the Colburns of that 
town^. He was one of the Selectmen in 1666 and 1678. He 
died in 1692, "aged about seventy^." His widow, who was a 
member of the Medfield Church, died in 1716, aged seventy-six. 
His eldest son, Nathaniel, served the town as treasurer, select- 
man and school teacher. This branch of the Partridge family 
continued to be represented in Medfield until about 1835. 

Mr. James Partridge, of Woburn, a descendant in the sixth 
generation, of William Partridge, is deeply interested in the 
genealogy of the family. His son, James Lester Partridge, is a 
resident of Dedham. 

John Partridge, brother of William and Margery, was a 
resident of Dedham before he went to Medfield. Land in 
Dedham, lot No. 12, was granted to him, January 7, 1652^. 
He presented bills for services to the town, October 27, 1657, 
and January 18, 1653.^ He was admitted a Townsman, Nov. 
3, 1652.^ His name is subscribed to the Covenant. 

In 1653 he bought the place in Medfield owned hj Joseph 
Ellis, on what is now the corner of North and Railroad streets. 
Like William and Margery he came to Medfield unmarried. 
But not long did he remain so. On December 18, 1655, he was 
married at Dedham, by Major Eleazer Lusher, to Magdalen 
Bullard, eldest daughter o£ John Bullard, one of the original 
signers of the Dedham Covenant, and one of the first settlers of 

^ Kegister, ii., 109. ' Probate, v., 13, 75. 

3 Dedham Rec. 1636-59, 212. ^ 204, 213. ^ 138. 


the town of Dedliam. He came to Medfield in 1651, or 1652. 
His house was on Main Street, opposite Spring Street. He 
evidently regarded his son-in-law with favor for, while by his 
will he bequeathed the homestead to his son, and legacies to 
two of his daughters, Abigail and Hannah, he bequeathed a 
legacy to John Partridge, the husband of the third.^ It was a 
good family into Avhich John Partridge married. 

During the nineteen years following his marriage, nine 
children were born, two of whom, twins, died in infancy. In 
1676, when his sister Margery, residing near him, was so greatly 
afflicted, the Indians burned his house and its furniture, the 
barn, twenty bushels of corn, ten or eleven head of cattle, and 
two horses.^ His wife died the next 3'ear. He bequeathed the 
homestead to his son, Eleazer, with whom he probably lived 
until his death. In his will, he states, " in consideration of 
what I have willed to my said son, Eleazer, he, m^^ said son, 
Eleazer, shall provide for me at all times During my Natural 
life all necessarys needful and convenient for me."^ He made 
bequests to each of his other children, and to some of his grand- 
children. This will, written June 20, 1701, I have recently 
seen at the Probate Office in Boston. The signature is plain. 

He saw his seveji children married into the best families of 
Medfield, and in homes of their own, and none more than four 
miles from him. He accumulated a good property. His pastor. 
Rev. John Wilson, after giving a report of his losses at the 
burning of Medfield, adds this sentence, " Much of this I know 
also, and verily believe the rest, for he is a credible person." 
Thus we learn that he was truthful. The people of Medfield 
manifested their confidence in him by electing him clerk of the 
market, and selectman. He did not, in his will, like his brother 
and sister, state his age, but, as William was born in 1622, and 
Margery in 1628, we infer that he was born about 1625, and 
was therefore past eighty at the time of his death, in 1706. 
Only Alexander Lovell and Edward Adams, of those who were 
at Medfield when he settled there, were living. He was a good 
and successful man. 

• Tilden, 329. ^ Tilden, 95. ^ Probate, xxxvii., 239. 

1896.] CABBIA GES BEFOBE 177G. 5T 

By C. ^Y. Eenst. 

The belief that the founders and fathers of Massachusetts 
lived in poverty, is not well founded. They found an abundance 
of land, food and fuel, and they made good use of their oppor- 
tunities. From the outset they engaged in ocean commerce on 
a large scale, and made important contributions to shipping. In- 
land trade was much narrower, the cost of land transportation 
being high for distant ventures. As late as 1787, when the 
Territory northwest of the Ohio river was organized, the coun- 
try looked upon rivers and portages as the great national high- 
ways of inland traffic, but roads of intercolonial importance were 
laid out at an early day, those between Boston and Portsmouth,. 
N. H., between Boston and Hartford, Ct., between Boston and 
Rhode Island, between Philadelphia and New York, being the 
great inland roads prior to the Revolution ; but a way had also 
been found from Philadelphia to Pittsburg, and after the treaty 
of Lancaster, a wagon road through the Shenandoah Valley to 
the Yadkin. 

Early Massachusetts abounded in farm animals, and the 
Winthrop diary tells us that in 1635 Flemish draft horses were 
imported to improve the stock. For draft purposes horses were 
preferred, and from the earliest time the authorities had to re- 
strain fast driving and races. The vehicle drawn by horses or oxen 
first mentioned is the cart, originally a two-wheel vehicle. It is 
not unlikely that four-wheel farm wagons were called carts, the 
term wagon being little used in Massachusetts before the Revo- 
lution. In winter all inland transportation was made easy 
sledding whenever snow covered the ground. 

In passenger traffic Americans were and are averse to walk- 
ing. In Massachusetts the traveller soon tired of horseback 
riding, and from 1675 to this hour a bewildering variety of 
vehicles has been supplied. As Dedham lay on the principal 

58 CABlilAGES BEFOBE 1TT6. [April, 

highway between Boston and New York, it saw all the carriages 
known in our history, from the first cart to the Concord coach, 
which is, perhaps, the acme of road wagons. Coaches must have 
been a familiar sight in Dedliam before 1700, as Boston people 
used them in their travels. Mr. Thacher of the Old South used 
a coach ; so did Lady Andros ; and before she arrived. Captain 
Anthony Howard had a coach and a coach-house, also a coach- 
house trouble with the Boston selectmen. Nearly to the time 
of the Revolution a coach was usually drawn by four horses, a 
chariot by two. 

When the rich adopted the Hungarian coach, the great mid- 
dle class adopted the Bohemian calash, originally a two-wheel 
vehicle with a top. Judge Sewall often passed through Dedham 
in his calash. A calash was safer, also, on new roads, as Gov- 
ernor Dudley was told in 1711, when he had occasion to go from 
Roxbury, via Dedham, to New London. He wished to go in a 
four-wheel chariot, which was a coach with two seats, but was 
advised to take a calash (Winthrop Papers vi., 232.) These 
terms, chariot and calash, were common through the eighteenth 
century, but finally yielded to others. The coach has survived, 
and so has an interesting term which New" England added to the 
English language. 

The people soon discriminated between carts, drays, trucks 
and sleds, which were used for freight or merchandise, and 
coaches, chariots, calashes, and sleighs, for travellers or pleasure. 
The Sewall diary of 1705 tells a mishap to Governor Dudley, 
who attempted to cross from Charlestown to Boston over the 
ice. He rode in a sleigh drawn by four horses, two outriders 
leading the way. The ice broke under so much pomp, but the 
governor and his wife, the driver and the postilion, together 
with the troopers, were all saved. I have no earlier account of 
a sleigh and four, but incline to think that the term sleigh arose 
in the seventeenth century, in or near Boston. 

Horses and wagons were kept for hire at an early day. 
Judge Sewall rode to Roxbury in a hackney-coach in 1688, and 
was so thrifty as to pack six persons into the affair. And by 
1718 a stage-coach began regular trips from Boston, through 

1806.! CABRIAGES BEFOEE 1770. 59 

Dedliam, to Bristol Eerry, where passengers might take the 
boat to either Newport or New York. The line was a great 
success, and appears to have maile winter trips. It was the first 
stage-coach line in New England ; the only American line of an 
earlier date was the Burlington-Amboy stage line across New 
Jersey, under Postmaster Huddy. The New England line, it 
seems, used a coach from the outset. Dedham, therefore, had a 
regular mail and express service since 1693, and a regular stage- 
coach service since 1718, the latter connecting it with Boston, 
and indirectly with New York. The means of communication, 
then, were excellent from an early day. 

The Massachusetts law of 1737 gives the hierarchy of car- 
riages, from the coach and chariot to the four-wheel chaise, and 
the two-wheel chaise, calash and chair. In other words, by that 
time our people had adopted a light wagon, less costly than a 
chariot, but easier than a calash, and roomier than either. I in- 
cline to think that the chair was originally a two wheel vehicle 
with one seat, and the full form of the popular "shay." A 
word like shay was needed to distinguish the vehicle chair from 
the piece of domestic furniture. A very light two-wheel car- 
riage, without a top, and built for speed, was called a sulkey. 
Sulkeys were later, perhaps, than curricles and phaetons, which 
were introduced in 1760. A curricle had two wheels, but was 
drawn by two horses. Like the four-wheel phaeton, the curricle 
was invented and named in Boston. 

Steel springs were introduced just prior to the Revolution. 
A wagon with steel springs was called a machine in New 
Jersey, but New England refused to adopt the term, though 
many improvements were copied from Pennsylvania, where 
carriage building reached early eminence. But New England 
adopted the term harness, in its modern sense, rather earlier 
than other sections of America or England. The truth is, 
New England had good leather and leather workers, and as it 
led in light vehicles built for speed, giving the phaeton to all the 
world, early efforts were made to give all vehicles a fine appear- 
ance, and to produce handsome harnesses. By 1750 the tackle 
or geer of horses drawing anything but a cart was called a 

60 MANN FAMILY. [April, 

harness in New England, a harness being made of leather and 
rarely without some ornament. Coach glasses, carriage trim- 
mings, and even coach blunderbusses were advertised in Boston 
before the Revolution. Apparentl}^ the chief coach builder was 
Adino Paddock, otherwise remembered by his elms. He was a 
Tory, as was the famous Stavers who drove his mail-coach and 
four between Boston and Portsmouth. The battle of Lexington 
put a sudden end to the Tories and much else, the luxuries of 
travel included. 

The idea that the fathers and founders left wealth in England, 
to embrace poverty in America, is not just. They were well 
content to stay here, and gave earl}^ thanks for ^'unparallelled 
enjojMuents," as they said in their thanksgiving proclamation of 
1659. A mere glance at the history of traffic and vehicles in 
Massachusetts justifies the strong terms of 1659, V^ery likely 
some of the early coaches that passed through Dedham were 
imported ; but the light vehicle, still characteristic of America, 
is a New England product. In ingenuity, in mechanical skill, 
in materials, and even in the language concerned with vehicles 
on land and sea, New England was generally ahead of the old 
world. From the outset Massachusetts had o-ood roads. With- 
out good roads, how could Judge Sewall have made the many 
long trips recorded in his diary ? The Lynde diaries tell the 
same story. So do the Winthrop letters, and the newspapers 
from the very beginning. Governor Belcher's chariot, in 1743, 
was "lined with red coffy, handsomely carved and painted . . the 
seat cloth embroidered with silver, and a silk fringe round 
the seat." 


Compiled by 
AxxA Maria (Tolman) Pickford. 
(Continued from page 33.) 
6. Herman^ (Daniel^, Theodore^ Theodore^, SainueP, Wil- 
liam^), was born in Walpole, Nov. 10, 1771 ; m. Jan. 6, 1792, 
Sarah, dau. of Capt. William and Sarah (Chandler) Haynes o 

1890. J MANN FAMILY. 61 

Gloucester. Married in Walpole byEev. Mr. Mory. He moved 
to Dedham in 1797, and engaged in the printing business. He 
had previously been a school teacher. In 1812 he removed with 
his family to Providence, R. I. In the year following he returned 
to Dedham and carried on the book-binding business in connec- 
tion with book selling. He edited a paper called the " Minerva," 
afterwards the " Columbian Minerva." He also wrote and pub- 
lished several books. Among old family papers is the following 
in liis handwriting : " Catalogue of the Principal Works pub- 
lished and unpublished, of Herman Mann. Arrainged in 1827." 

I. The Memento Mori. — An essay moral and poUtical, published 
in the " Independent Chronicle," in Boston, sometime about 1790 — or 
1-2. Author's age from 18 to 20. This is the first of my productions 
published, or written with a design of publication. Ajwu. 

II. A similar production soon after, published in the " Colum- 
bian Centinel." Particular title and signature forgotten. 

III. The Female Review: or Memoirs of an American Young 
Lady : who served as a Continental Soldier during three years in the 
American Revolution &c. Her sex being undiscovered till the peace 
in 1783. — A bound vol. of 260 pages, 12 mo. " By a Citizen of Mas- 
sachusetts." Heatons, Dedham, 1797. 

This work was written directly after my marriage, while at the 
seminary, and teaching a public school. I removed to Dedham in June 
1797, for the purpose of correcting press, to which it was put, when 
but little more than a sheet of MS. was finished . . . The edition of 
1500 copies was quickly devoured by the booksellers ... I have 
since, at the request of different book sellers and the public call, 
nearly completed in MS. a 2d Edn. . . . This work, as it was, went 
into the hands of the public, without a review., that has come to my 
knowledge." The following notice of the book appeared in " The Vil- 
lage Register and Norfolk County Advertiser," August 27, 1829. 

" The Heroine ; Or Memoirs of Miss D. Sampson, who was a 
distinguished Soldier during the ihree last years of the War of the 
American Revolution. This work is to be published by subscription; 
which is received at this office, and by H. Mann, the publisher, at the 
Norfolk Bookstore, Dedham, Mass. All the extraordinary particulars 
of her life, especially while in the army, and which she chose not to 
have published till her decease, are here delineated. The work is put 
very low to subscribers ; and a very liberal allowance to those who 

62 31 ANN FAMILY. [April, 

procure them. Booksellers in any part of the U. States, who may 
choose to become interested in this edition, shall receive the work on 
as favorable terms as if they were the publishers. The edition will be 
entirely limited to the copies thus contracted for ; that no reference 
can be had to auction sales — which are fast rendering our publica- 
tions, whether of merit or not, scarce and dear. 

([^"For the plan and outlines of the work, see Prospectus accom- 
panying the subscription papers. 
Aug. 13, 1829. 

IV. T/ie Minerva. A news Paper, demy folio, commenced by me 
in Dedham, Dec. 7, 1797. In Jan. 3, 1799, it took the title of Colum- 
bian Minerva. — enlarged. Discontinued Sept. -4, 1804. 

In this publication I had no editorial assistance, except the usual 
voluntary contributions. The political state of the times, at different 
periods, were perilous & peculiarly trying to an Editor, espousing the 
republican or democratic cause of his Country. The paper, began a 
year before by the Messrs. Heatons, found a warm and able supporter 
in Hon. Fisher Ames. He even continued his contributions after it 
passed, by purchase, into my hands. But the political character it 
then assumed, rendered both that publication, as well as myself, at 
times, politically obnoxious to that distinguished personage. For an 
example of this, see Minerva of Dec. 6, 1798, under the Editor's ad- 
dress to "^ Federalist''' and " Epamianondes." 

It is true, the name of the Messrs. Heatons were continued for a 
few weeks with mine at the head of the paper ; and that of y. H. 
Adams, in most of the year 1798 . . . This publication, the Minerva, 
closed Sept. 4, 1804." 

Herman Mann died in Dedham, September 25, 1833. Sarah 
(Haynes) Mann died October 27, 1825. Both buried in Ded- 
ham. Old cemetery. Their children : — 

Daniel', born in Walpole, September 28, 1793; died in 
New York City, November 30, 1830, unmarried, " He 
was warm hearted and generous, gifted with energy and 
ingenuity ; was in the printing business in company 
with his father, Herman Mann. Afterward he engaged 
in various mechanical labours. Among others about 
the year 1816/17 that of learning the process of manu- 
facturing marble paper. He brought this art to great 
perfection and was probably the first person who intro- 

1896.] MANN FAMILY. 6^ 

duced and followed the business in the United States. 
Marble paper had heretofore been imported, principally 
from Germany." He was the author of the games of 
Historical^ Scripture and Conversation cards. The 
following extracts were copied from his letters now in 
possession of the compiler of this genealogy : — 

Dedham, November 27, 1812 ... I have marbled 
about twenty-eight reams and am now polishing it by 
hand, have a little boy to help me, it is very good work 
for cold weather. We have had a fine Christmas. I 
played two Anthems and four psalm tunes, one Anthem 
by William (Mann, a brother) the other by Madam 
Denmark, congregation seemed pleased. . . . 

Providence, November 21, 1819 ... I am preparing 
the material and aparatus for the manufacturing of 

playing cards Would you believe me when 

from calculation 1 say I can take the paper in its 
origonal state, put together, glaze, print and color, cut 

up and pack, ready for sale, a pack in ten minutes 

The coloring of all colors on paper is an art I have 
accomplished in the same manner as it is on cards . . . 

7. Herman, Jr"^., b. April 8, 1705. 

8. William Haves'^, b. January 28, 1707. 

Sarah Chandler^ was born in Dedham, July 20, 1700 ; 
died in Cambridgeport, July 9, 187G, aged 77 ; buried 
in Dedham ; old cemetery; unmarried. 

Samuel Chandler"^ b. in Dedham, Aug. 10, 1801 ; d. 
March 3, 1802. 

9. Samuel Chandler^, b. Feb. 28, 1803. 

10. Anna Maria^ b. September 7, 1805. > . 

11. Lydia Sophia'^, b. September 7, 1805. | ^^^s- 

12. Lucia Narcissa'^, b. November 7, 1807. 

13. Edward^ b. July 15, 1810. 

14. Franklin^ b. May 28, 1813 

T. Herman Mann", Jr., second son of Herman and Sarah 
(Haynes) Mann, was born in Walpole, April 8, 1895; m. May 
8, 1819, Ruthy, daughter of John and Mary Skillen (Carver). 
She was b. January 10, 1798, in Boston, and d. December 14, 
1858. He d. November 2G, 1851; both buiied in Dedham old 

64 MANN FAMILY. [April, 

oemeteiy. He published Mann's Annals of Dedham in 1856. 
Was a printer by trade and succeeded his father in the business. 
He was a quiet, modest, unobtrusive man, but a man of genuine 
liumor and goodly native parts. He published the Dedham 
Patriot, and carried on the business with his brother, William 
H. Mann, until March 11, 1831, v/hen the following notice 
appeared in the Dedham Patriot and Farmer's, Mechanic's & 
Manufacturer's Advocate : " The Subscriber gives notice that 
the Printing Business in all its branches will continue to be 
carried on by them under the firm of Mann & Tolman." — 
Dedham Patriot, March 11, 1831. Cliildren, all born in 
Dedham : — 

Henry Augustus^ b. June 5, 1820 ; m. Mary Ryder Gage 
of Chatham, February 28, 1850. He d. June 17, 1880- 
She d. January 11, 1889, aged 61. 
Elizabeth^ b. March 28, 1822 ; d. October 18, 1822. 
Elizabeth^ b. Sept. 10, 1823; m. George W. Tucker, 
Nov. 20, 1842; d. Nov. 21, 1844. (Their child, 
Elizabeth Mann^ Tucker, b. Nov. 12, 1844, d. Aug. 25, 
Sarah Haynes^ b. July 27, 1825; m. April 14, 1846, 
Benjamin Swasey; he d. May [ ], 1879. She resides 
in Portsmouth, N. H. 
Maria^ b. 1827 ; d. Sept. 1-, 1829. 

George H., b. 1830 ; d. 1832. 

Frances Maria^, b. Feb. 26, 1837. Librarian of Dedham 
Public Library. 

8* William Haynes" third son of Herman and Sarah 
(Haynes) Mann, was b. in Walpole, Jan. 28, 1797. He m. 
Dec. 28, 1815, Charlotte, daughter of Richard and Mary Billings 
of Dedham. She was b. Nov. 3, 1796, and d. June 27, 1866. 
He d. March 9, 1864. He was for many 3'ears organist for the 
different churches in Dedham. Was a book-keeper. Children 
all born in Dedham : — 

Charlotte^ b. May 13, 1818 ; d. Sept. 11, 1820. 

Charlotte Eillixgs^, b. Sept. 24, 1822; m, 1st Charles 
B. Ewer, Sept. 10, 1843; m. 2dly [Charles Russell of 

Hartford, May 17, 1852. 


WILLIAM^ b. Jan. 13, 1828 ; d. Sept. 30, 1828. 

Alfred Allen^ b. June 17, 1830; d. June 21, 1838. 

Harriet^, b. Aug. 14, 1834 ; d. Oct. 27, 1838. 
9. Samuel Chandler-, fifth son of Herman and Sarah 
Mann was born in Dedham, February 28, 1803; m. May 21, 
1827, Sarah, daughter of Joshua and Mary (Ellis) Whiting of 
Hyde Park. She was born Mai-ch 25, 1802, and died May 31, 
1883, aged 81 y. 3 mo. He died March 3, 1864, aged 61. Both 
buried in Dedham, old cemetery. He was a manufacturer of 
marbled paper and enameled cards, in Dedham, and was one of 
the best known business men of that place. The Last years of 
his life were spent on his farm in Green Lodge. 

{To he continued.) 


By Joseph Henry Lathrop. 
(Continued from page 2(5.) 

Stevens, Frederick L.— Co. G, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Nov. 7, 
1861 ; discharged June 9, 1862, for disability. 

^Stevens, Joseph T.— Co. I, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Oct. 19, 1861 ; 
Corporal ; died at Hilton Head, S. C, March 31, 

*Stevens, Nelson Roland— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 

1861 ; died in hospital at Hall's Hill, Va., March 
1, 1802. 

Stole, Charles— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf, Aug. 16, 1862 ; mus- 
tered out June 9, 1865. 
Stone, George M.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 

1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Strout, Charles W.— Co. C, 5th Reg't Mass. Inf. (3 mos.), May 
1, 1861 ; Sergeant ; mustered out July 31, 1861. 

SuLKOSKi, Charles— Co. G, 7th Reg't Mass. Inf., June 15, 1861 ; 
deserted June 25, 1861. 
=»^SuLK0SKi, Charles H.— Co. I, 35th Regt Mass. Inf., Aug.^ 16, 
1862 ; supposed to have died from wounds received 
at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862. 

Sullivan, Cornelius D.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 
1861 ; wounded at Second Bull Run, Va., Aug. 30, 
1862 ; discharged in 1862, for disability; Co. K, 1st 
Reg't Mass. Cav, Dec. 29, 1863 ; Sergeant; discharged 
Dec. 28, 1864, in Co. A., for disability. 

Sullivan, David, Jr.— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862 ; 


wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862; dis- 
charged March 5, LSGo, on account of wounds. 

Sullivan, John A. — Co. C, 33d Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. G, 1802; 
Corporal ; mustered out June 11, 1865. 

Sumner, Edward A. — Co. D, 4od Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mes.), 
First Lieut. Sept. 12, 1862; mustered out July ^jO, 

SwETT, Alonzo — Co. K, 31st Reg't Mass. Inf., Jan. 20, 1862; re- 
enlisted Feb. 15, 1864; mustered out in Co. B, Sept. 
1), 1865. 

SwETT, Charles G. — Seaman, U. S. Navy, Dec. 1861 ; served three 

SwETT, Samuel H. — Seaman, U. S. Navy, April 16, 1862 ; served 
three years. 

Taft, Charles O.— Co. D, 2d Reg't Mass. Heavy Art., Aug. 22, 
1863 ; mustered out in Co. A., Sept. 3, 1865. 

Taft, Cornelius A.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf., (9 mos.) Sept. 

12, 1862; 1st Sergeant; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Talbot, Edwin P.— Co. E, 42d Reg't Mass. Inf., (100 days), July 

22, 1864; mustered out Nov. 11, 1864. 

Talbot, John D.— Co. A, 28th Reg't Mass. Inf., Dec. 1, 1863; 
deserted July 12, 1864. 

Talbot, Nathaniel H. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf., (9 mos.), 
Sept. 12. 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863; Second 
Lieut. 58th Reg't Mass. Inf.. June 4, 1864; First 
Lieut. Aug 8, 1864; mustered out July 14, 1865. 

Tangney, Daniel.— Co. B, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf., '(9 mos.), Oct. 

11, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Tarbox, George W. — Co. F, 19th Reg't Vet. Reserve Corps, Aug. 

13, 1864; mustered out Nov. 15, 1865. 

*Taylor, John E.— Co. A, 22d Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 2, 1861; 

died at U. S. Gen. Hospital, Philadelphia, Penn., 

August 5, 1862. 
Taylor, William N.— Co. A, 22d Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 2, 1861 ; 

dropped from rolls July 29, 1863. 
Teeling, Benjamin. — 16th unattached Co., Mass. Inf., (100 days.) 

Aug. 6, 1864; mustered out Nov. 14, 1864. 
Teislo, Bruno— Co. C, 2d Reg't Mass. Heavy Art., Aug. 4, 1863; 

mustered out Aug. 2, 1865, 
Temperley, Thomas — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 

12, 1862; discharged May 9, 1863, for disability; 
Co. H, 4th Reg't Mass. Cav., Feb. 18, 1864; black- 
smith ; discharged May 12, 1865, for disability. 

Terry, Benjamin — Veteran Res. Corps, Aug. 15, 1864. 
*Tewksbury, Cyrus D, — Co, H, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 

1861 ; wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 

1862 ; re-enlisted Jan. 1, 1864 ; killed at Petersburg, 
Va., July 5, 1864. 


Tewksbury, John N.—Co. H, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 
18G1 ; re-enlisted Jan. 1, 18(34 ; transferred to Co. K. 
32d Reg't Mass. Inf., Oct. 21, 1864 ; Corporal ; mus- 
tered out June 29, 1865. 

Thackwell, Henry — Co. G, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Jan. 2, 1862 ; 
discharged Oct. 21, 1863, for disability. 
*Thomas, Edmund L.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf.,' Aug. 24, 1861 ; 
died at Alexandria, Va., Sept. 16, 1862, of wounds 
received at Second Bull Run, Va., Aug. 30, 1862. 

Thomas, William G.— 24th Reg't Vet. Res. Corps, April 15, 1864. 

Thompson, Andrew — Co. F, 11th Reg't Mass. Inf., June 13, 1861 ; 
Musician ; transferred to Vet. Res. Corps, Dec. 1, 

Thompson, John K.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 
Sergeant ; discharged Jan. 9, 1864, for disability. 

TiBBETTS, Joseph N. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (0 mos.), Sept. 
12, 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

TiBBETTS, William R. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 
12, 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

TiLLiNGHAST, Henry G. — Fireman, U. S. Navy, July 20, 1864. 
*Tillinghast, William H. — Co E, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Dec. 11, 

1861 ; killed at Deep Bottom, Va., Aug. 14, 1864. 
Tisdale, Henry W.— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; 

Sergeant ; wounded at South Mountain, Md., Sept. 
14, 1862 ; taken prisoner at North Anna River, May 
24, 1864 ; exchanged in February, 1865 ; mustered 
out June 9, 1865. 
TiTcoMB, William M. — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 

1862 ; wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 
1862 ; discharged Sept. 17, 1863, to accept promo- 
tion. Second Lieut., 36th U. S. C. T., First Lieut., 
Captain, 38th U. S. C. T. 

TowLE, Horace E. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 

12. 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
TowNE, John H.— Co. G, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 16, 1861; 

discharged Aug. 13, 1862, for disability. 
Tracy, Andrew— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 

1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Tracy, Thomas— Co. E, 4th Reg't Mass. Heavy Art., Dec. 22, 

1864 ; mustered out in Co. K., June 17, 1865. 
*Treadwell, Nathan C. — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 

1862 ; died at Frederick, Md., Oct. 25, 1862, of 

wounds received at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862. 
Tucker, James H. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 

12, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Tucker, Napoleon B. — 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., March 5, 1864; 

rejected March 10, 1864. 


TuLLY, William— 20th Reg't Mass. Inf., Feb. 19, 18G4; rejected 

Feb. 21, 1864. 
Turner, Elisha L. — Paymaster's Clerk, U. S. Navy, 1861 ; Acting 

Assistant Paymaster, 1862 ; resigned in 1865. 
Unglaube, Paul— Co. C, 61st Reg't Mass. Inf. (1 year), Sept. 19, 

1864 ; mustered out June 4, 1865. 

Upham, Franklin— 4th Battery, Mass. Light Art., Sept. 19, 1864; 
transferred to loth Battery, Mass. Light Art., Jan. 17, 

1865 ; mustered out June 16, 1865. 

*Upham, Josl\h Virgil— 78th Reg't New York Inf., Feb. 1, 1862; 
consolidated with 102d Reg't New York Inf., April 1, 
1862 ; 1st Sergeant Co. K.; Second Lieut, First 
Lieut., Adjutant ; killed at Gettysburg, Penn., July 
2, 1863. 

Urry, Jaaies — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 
1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Urry, Urias— Co. B, 2d Reg't Mass. Cav., Jan. 13, 1863; Farrier; 
mustered out July 20, 1865. 
*Van Brunt, Gershom J. — Captain, U. S. Navy ; Commodore ; 
July, 1862 ; died at Dedham, Dec. 17, 1863. 

Van Brunt, Henry— Lieutenant, U. S. Navy, Nov. 10, 1861 ; 
resigned Feb. 15, 1864. 

Van Dorin, Lewis— Co. K, 13th Reg't Mass. Inf., July 27, 1863 ; 
deserted Oct. 24, 1863. 

Vaughn, John— Co. F, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Nov. 29, 1861 ; Cor- 
poral ; discharged March 8, 1863, for disability. 

Waite, Henry S.— Co. G, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Oct. 9, 1861 ; 
Corporal ; discharged May 23, 1862, for disability. 

Wales, Sigourney— Co. C, 13th Reg't Mass. Inf., July 16, 1861; 
Sergeant, First Sergeant, Second Lieut., Feb. 3, 1863 ; 
discharged to accept promotion. May 28, 1863 ; Cap- 
tain 55th Reg't Mass. Inf., May 23, 1863 ; Major, 
Nov. 3, 1863 ; resigned Nov. 18, 1864. 

Wallace, William J. — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 
1862 ; taken prisoner at Poplar Spring Church, Sept. 
30, 1864; exchanged in 1865 ; mustered out June 9, 

Walley, Edwin A. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 
12, 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Walsh, James T. — Co. L, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Jan. 6, 1864; 
Bugler; mustered out June 26, 1865. 

Walter, August— Co. A, 22d Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 27, 1863 ; 
deserted Sept. 17, 1863. 

Waters, Charles— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 
deserted same day. 

189(5.] DEDHAM 11^ THE REBELLION. 69 

Weathers, Isaac W.— 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; mus- 
ician (band); mustered out Aug. 11, 1862; G. O. 

War Dep't of July 2, 1862. 
Webb, Albert C— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 

1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Webster, John E.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 

1862 ; Sergeant ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Weeks, Henry W.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 

12, 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863 ; Co. F, 5th 

Reg't Mass. Inf. (100 days), July 16, 1864; mustered 

out Nov. 16, 1864. 
Weeks, Nathan O.— Co. F, 5th Reg't Mass. Inf. (100 days), July 

16, 1864; mustered out Nov. 16, 1864. 
Welch, Joseph — Veteran Reserve Corps, April 15, 1864. 
Welsh, Patrick— Co. G, 59th Reg't Mass. Inf., March 4, 1864 ; 

transferred to Co. G, 57th Reg't Mass. Inf., June 1, 

1865 ; mustered out July 30, 1865. 
Whitaker, Lewis R.— Co. C, 45th Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.) ; 

Second Lieut. Sept. 26, 1862; mustered out July 7, 

White, Isaac Wallace— 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861; 

musician (band) ; mustered out Aug. 11, 1862; G. O. 

War Dep't of July 2, 1862. 
*White, Joseph P.— Co. I, oath Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; 

died Sept. 19, 1862, of wounds received at Antietam, 

Md., Sept. 17, 1862. 
White, Robert— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; 

wounded at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862 ; mustered 

out July 12, 1865. 
*Whiting, George F.— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; 

died Oct. 7, 1862, of wounds received at South 

Mountain, Md., Sept. 14, 1862. 
Whitney, Josiah B.— Co. F, 2d Reg't Mass. Heavy Art., Oct. 8, 

1863; Corporal ; mustered out July 21, 1865. 
Wight, John K.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos), Sept. 12, 

1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Wiley, J. Emery— Co. D, 20th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 4, 1861 ; 

discharged May 31, 1862, for disability. 
Willis, Frederick W. — Surgeon's Steward, U. S. Navy, April 9, 

1863 ; mustered out April 15, 1865. 

Wilson, Webster— Co. D, 54th Reg't Mass. Inf., March 30, 1863 ; 

mustered out Aug. 20, 1865. 
WoLLEY, Frederick J.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), 

Sept. 12, 1862 ; deserted at Readville, Mass., Sept. 

15, 1862. 
Wood, Charles— 2d Reg't Mass. Cav., Aug. 18, 1863 ; unassigned 



Wood, James H.— Co. K, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Oct. 5, 1861; 
transferred to Co. K., 4th Reg't Mass. Cav., Feb. 12, 
1864 ; mustered out Oct. 8, 1864. 

Wood, James M.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 
1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Wood, Simon — Co. H, 13th Reg't Mass. Inf., July 29, 1863; 
deserted Oct. 8, 1863. 

Woods, Albert— Co. G, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Oct. 7, 1861 ; re- 
enlisted Tan. 4, 1864; mustered out in Co. D, Jan. 
20, 1866." 

Woods, Henry W.— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; 
discharged Sept. 23, 1863, for disability. 

Woods, John S.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 
1862; mustered out July 30, 1863; 16th Battery, 
Mass. Light Art., March 11, 1864; Sergeant; mus- 
tered out June 27, 1865. 

Woodward, George T. — Co. C, 45th Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), 
Sept. 26, 1862 ; mustered out July 7, 1863. 
*Worthen, George N.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 
1861 ; died Sept. 4, 1862, of wounds received at Sec- 
ond Bull Run, Va., Aug. 30, 1862. 

Wylie, Charles— Co. A, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Oct. 11, 
1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

{To he continued.) 


By William R. Manx. 

Mary Richards, dau. of Benjamin and Mary, July 15, 1765. 
Keziah Tucker, dau. of Joseph and Abigail, Oct. 9, 1764. 
Esther Carpenter, dau. of Nehemiah and Elizabeth, March 4, 1766. 
Joseph Morse, son of Josiah and Keziah, December 21, 1765. 
Thacher Clark, son of Nathan and Hannah, February 8, 1766. 
Eliphalet Gay, son of Ebenezer and Mary, January 16, 1766. 
Nathaniel Capen, son of Ebenezer and Abigail, January 20, 1766. 
William Billings, son of William Jr. and Mary, September 30, 176-. 
Rebeckar Withington, dau of Philip and Rebeckah, March 10, 1764. 
Hannah Withington, dau. of Philip and Rebeckah, February 6, 1765. 
Micah Allen, son of Micah and Katherine, August 4, 1765. 
Simeon White, son of David and Lois, June 26, 1766. 
Jacob Hawse, son of Jacob and Elizabeth, July 23, 1766. 
Elizabeth Everett, dau. of John and Mar}^, April 7, 1766. 
Nathaniel Guild, son of Jeremiah and Keziah, April 24, 1766. 
Mary He wins, dau. of Samual and Sarah, August 29, 1766. 
Samuel Estie, son of Jacob Jr. and Mary, May 19, 1766. 


Elijah Morse, son of Elijah and Ann, January 13, 1760. 
Eunice Smith, dau of John Jr. and Jemima, March G, 1767. 
William Savell, son of Edward Bridge and Mary, April 9, 1758. 
Mary Savell, dau. of Edward Bridge and Mary, July 29, 1760. 
Chloe Savell, dau. of Edward Bridge and Mary, April o, 1763. 
Edward Savell, son of Edward Bridge and Mary, September 1, 176-5. 
Oliver Kingsbury, son of Nathaniel and Hannah, February 11, 1764. 
Benjamin Farbanks, son of Benjamin and Sarah, April 11, 1765. 
Philip Withington, son of Philip and Rebeckah, February 10, 1767. 
Eleanor Hawse, dau. of Elijah and Abigail, July 19, 1766. 
Elizabeth Belcher, dau of Jeremiah and Anna, Nov. 25, 1766. 
Oliver Billings, son of William and Sarah, September 6, 1767. 
Hannah Sumner, dau. of John and Hannah, September, 18, 1765. 
Edward Richards, son of Daniel and Anna, November 19, 1766. 
Jeremiah Farbanks, son of Benjamin and Sarah, August 22, 1767. 
Leonard Billings, son of William Jr. and Mary, June 3, 1767. 
Catherine Allen, dan. of Micah and Catherine, March 19, 1767. 
Elizabeth Richards, dau. of Benjamin and Mary, December 26, 1766. 
Hannah Belcher, dau. of Jonathan and Sarah, July 1, 1767. 
William Withington, son of Will™ and Elizabeth, May 14, 1764. 
Nathaniel Withington, son of Will™ and Elizabeth, March 24, 1766. 
Jemima Smith, dau. of John and Jemima, September 11, 1767. 
Joseph Whittemore, son of Joshua and Susanna, March 24, 1766. 
David Johnson, son of Jacob and Marcy, July 21, 1766. 
David Hewins, son of Benjamin and Sarah, March 7, 1768. 
Elizabeth Withington, dau. of William and Elizabeth, March 23, 1768. 
James Nickles, son of Samuel and Silence, May 10, 1767. 
Benjamin Richards, son of Benjamin and Mar}^, March 6, 1768. 
Hannah Kingsbury, dau. of Nathaniel and Hannah, Aug. 25, 1767. 
Sarah Hawse, dau. of Jacob and Elizabeth, March 8, 1768. 
Nathaniel Clark, son of Nath^ and Mary, July 6, 1767. 
Ezekiel Capen, son of Ezekiel and Mary, November 19, 1766. 
Susannah Atherton, dau. of Uriah and Mary, January 21, 1768. 
Enoch Hewins, son of Enoch and Sarah, September 10, 1767. 
Susannah Hixson, dau. of Richard Jr. and Mary, September -, 1768. 
Elizabeth Savell, dau. of Edward Bridge and Mary, May 12, 1768. 
James Billings, son of Benjamin and Sarah, September 14, 1768. 
James, son of Nehemiah Carpenter and Elizabeth, July 26, 1768. 
Job, son of Job Swift jur and Rebeckah, March 12, 1769. 
Abigail, dau. of Josiah Morse and Dorothy, August 15, 1768. 
Otis, son of Zepheniah Wood and Mary, March 24, 1769. 
Micah, son of Micah Allen and Catherine, April 23, 1769. 
Samuel Hewins, son of Doct. Sam^ and Sarah, April 30, 1769. 
Etheridge Clark, son of Nathan Jr. and Hannah, March 4, 1768. 
Chloe, dau. of Gilead Morse and Deliverance, March 26, 1764. 
Esrom, son of Gilead Morse and Deliverance, October 24, 1765, 
Gilead, son of Gilead Morse and Deliverance, March 12, 1767. 


John, son of Gilead Morse and Deliverance, Oct. 4, 1768. 
Samuel, son of Samuel Payson and Sarah, April 20, 1761. 
John, son of Samuel Payson and Sarah, January 20, 1763. 
Sarah, dau. of Samuel Pavson and Sarah, February 18, 1765. 
Meletiah, dau. of Samuel Payson and Sarah, March 1, 1767. 
Eunice, daughter of Samuel Payson and Sarah, April 20, 1769. 
Samuel Bird Jr. son of Sam^ Bird and Anna, June 22, 1748. 
John, son of Sam^ Bird and Anna, April 4, 1750. 
Enoch, son of Samuel Bird and Anna, September 13, 1751. 
Elijah, son of Sam^ Bird and Anna, June 9, 1753. 
Anna, dau. of Sam^ Bird and Anna, September 8, 1754. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Samuel Bird and Anna, March 17, 1756. 
Mary, dau. of Sam^ Bird and Anna, December 14, 1758. 
Ebenezer, son of Sam^ Bird and Anna, May 12, 1761. 
Oliver, son of Sam^ Bird and Anna, April 26, 1763. 
Mary 2d, dau. of Sam^ Bird and Anna, May 18, 1765. 
Sarah, dau. of Sam^ Bird and Anna, April 15, 1767. 
Hannah, dau, of Sam^ Bird and Anna, July 2, 1769. 
Mar}', dau. of Ezekiel Capen and Mary, January 27, 1769. 
Submit, dau. of Eleazer Blackman and Mary, August 7, 1765. 
Lucy, dau. of Ebenezer Homes and Jemima, September 9, 1765. 
Ebenezer, son of Ebenezer Holmes and Jemima, February 25, 1768. 
John, son of Joseph Randall and Esther, November 2, 1867. 
Molly, dau. of Joseph Randall and Esther, January 24, 1770. 
Adam, son of josiah Blackman and Experience, June 8, 1769. 


Fro7n ike original in Suffolk County Probate. 

In the year of our Lord 1684 the fifteenth day of December, I, 
John Huntting, Sen*" of Dedham in the County of Suffolke in the 
Massachussets Collony, in New England, by the providence of God, 
being now growen into age, & finding the Infirmities incidant ther- 
unto increasing upon me, «& being thereby put in mind of my mortal- 
lity & suilioned to prepare for my Latter end, do in some degree 
thereunto for the seting my house in order, & that peace & Justice shall 
be preserved amongst my posteritee do in the name, «& feare of god 
being in my right understanding & memory make & ordeyne this to 
be my Last will &: testament in manner & forme as followeth, 

Viz't. I do hereby disannul! & make voyd all other wills by me 
formerly at any time made, And Coiniting my Soul into the hands of 
the Lord Jesus my Deare Redemer & Savioure, & my body to the 


earth whence it was first taken, to be after my decease, deacently 
burryed, & therein interred in christian Burryall, at the discretion of 
my Executo'^^ herein, hereafter named in this my last will & Testament. 

Imp^ Whereas I did give liberty & full power unto my deare & 
well beloved wife Hesther Huntting to make a will, & dispose of those 
things that she have disposed of in her will bearing date one thousand 
six hundred seaventy five y® fourth day of January the witneses to 
which will was Thomas Battelle & Thomas Fisher. All thos things 
given by my said wife in that will, I do hereby conferme her gifts and 
all the legasyes given to my children expressed in the said will, being 
fourty & five pounds given by my loving brother Francis Seaborne 
expressed in his will which Legasyes given by my said wife, I do con- 
firme them fully, & acordingly must be disposed of when it cometh. 
Furthermore my mind & will is that after my decease, a true and 
equal Inventory be made of my whole estate that I shall dye possessed 
of, being equally, & Indifferantly apprized, then all Just debts being 
paid, & funnerall charges defrayed, & ten pounds paid to my 
executo^'* as hereafter is expressed, And also Twenty shillings I do 
hereby give unto my Louving son Samuell Huntting liveing in charls- 
towne, acounting that I have formerly given and delivered unto my 
said son Samuell Huntting his full part & portion in my estate, then 
my mind and will is that the remayning part of my estate (not dis- 
posed of as aforesaid) shall be sumed up & the just value, or price 
thereof shall be devided into six equall parts. And my mind & will is 
in the disposing of the said six parts of my estate shall be as fol- 

Imp^ I do hereby give & bequeath unto my well beloved eldest 
son John Huntting of Dedham, & to his Heyers successors & assignes 
forever the whole quantity & proportion of two parts of the six before 
mentioned which is a double portion. 

Item I do hereby give & bequeath to my well beloved daughter 
Mary Buckner widdow in Boston, & to her daughter Mary White to 
them both on part of six as aforesaid which is a single portion in the 
said estate, my said daughter Mary Buckner to have two thirds of the 
said single portion, & her daughter Mary White one third part. 

Item I do give & bequeath unto my Loveing son in law Robert 
Ware, Sen^" of Dedham upon the account of his first wife my Loveing 
daughter Margaret one sixt part of my estate, in value as aforesaid^ 
that is a single portion. 


Item. I do hereby give & bequeath unto my Louving daughter 
Heaster Fisher of Dedham one sixt part of my estate aforesaid 
which is a single portion. 

Item, I give & bequeath to my son in law John Pecke of Reho- 
both and to his eldest daughter Hesther upon the account of his first 
wife Elizabeth Pecke my Louving daughter to them both, one of the 
said six pts or to the value which is a single portion to be eaqually 
devided betwixt my said son in law & his daughter Hesther aforesaid. 
Further my mind & will is that the six pounds my son Robert Ware 
received in my lands at Wrentham, should be accounted as a part of 
his aforesaid portion. 

Further ray mind is that each of these aforesaid parties shall be 
paid in any currant Countery payment at price currant as it goe be- 
twixt man and man upon ther ordinary dealeings & not at money 
price, all the aforesaid portions are to be paid, each one, in three 
equall payments within three yeares after my decease, within each 
year one third part of each portion, and the Last third part of each 
portion beforesayed to be paid within the third year next after my 
decease, all the said persons are to receive their portions or paym^^at 
my now dwelling house in Dedham except the persons Concearned 
otherwise agree. Further my mind & will is that if my Son John 
Huntting can atain sufificiant Currant Countery payments to pay all 
the sayd portions he shall keep all my houses and land to enjoy them 
as his own proper and free estate, if he need to sell any Lands he 
may sell what Lands he please to whom he se meet. I doe hereby 
nominate Request & Empower my Loveing friends Serg'^ Richard 
Ellice & Thomas Battelle both of Dedham aforesaid, & my louving 
son John Huntting aforesaid all three of them to be the execute''^ of 
this my Last will & testament, to whom I do hereby give full power 
Requisit and needfull for the full performance of all the aforesayd 
p^mises to whom for requitall of the paynes I give the ten pounds 
aforesaid as followeth, to my sayd son John Huntting three pounds, 
to Sergt Richard Ellice three pounds, & to Thomas Battelle four 

In witness & for full confirmation of this my Last will & testament 
I the sayd John Huntting Sen^ have hereunto set my hand, & afixed 
my Scale y^ date aforesayd. 

(his marke) 

John I H Huntting Sen'", (seal) 


In presence of us 

Thomas Fisher 

John Battelle 

Joseph Wight. Presented March '2(j, 1G91, 

before the Honab^^ Simon Bradstreet, 


Dedham, June 11, 1680 
An Inventory of the estate of Elder John Hunting, Senio'', De- 
ceased in Dedham & taken by us whose names are hereunto sub- 
scribed as followeth, 

Wearing apparell of deceased £^. 6. 5 

Small bookes .14. 

Platters, Candlesticks, Sheers, brass morter Chest, Table, 
Stools, chayers. Cushions, tongs &c. 5.14. 6 

Feather bed & bedding 5.12. 

Another bed & bedding 4. 3. 6 

Head house, buildings & home lands at home 100. 0. 

land at south playne 7. 0. 

" " Great " 3. 0. 

2 acres Swamp 1. 0. 

Seader Swamp 2. 0. 

lot within clapboard tree devision 3.10. 

lot near Meadfield 7. 

lot in Robert Ware's hand for lands in Wrentham 6. 0. 

Sundries 3 03. 6 

Debts from the estate in currant countery payment 
Debts dues from the estate in money 

Submitted by 

John Aldis 
Thomas Metcalfe 
Samuell Guild 
Presented by the Executors March 26, 1691. 



£^- 4. 



i:i5.18. 2 

An account of Elder John Huntting appears in the Register 
(III. 123-125) for July, 1892. 



By Philip Adsit Fisiiek. 

of San Francisco, Cal. 

{Continued from page 39.) 

50. AsA^, second son of Benjamin (31) and Sarah 
(Everett) Fisher, was b. at Dedham, April 30, 1745; m. (pub- 
lished) July 2, 17(J7, Elizabeth, daughter of Daniel, Jr., and 
Rachel (Pond) Draper, who was b. Jan. IG, 1747, and d. at 
Dedham, Oct. 26, 1813, aged 06. He is said to have been a very 
eccentric niau, but he succeeded in accumulatiug quite a little 
fortune for those days. Tijeir children: — ■ 

Becca'^, at South Dedham [now Norwood], Oct. 27, 1767; 

m. John Baker of Dedham, Oct. 31, 1702. [Baker's 

Descendants of Edward Baker, p. 04.] 
Catherine,' b. at W'alpole, Jan. 9, 1770; m. Elihu Onion, 

Dec. 28, 1701. 
Olive,' d. at Walpole, Sept. 10, 177"/. 

84. Benjamin', b. Feb. 2:5, 1777: m. Abigail Baker, May 13, 


85. Abijah,' b. April 2:3, 1778 ; m. Fanny Field, of Attleboro. 

Polly," b. ; an invalid many years ; d. unm. 

Sarah,' b. April 21, 1783; m. Elijah Skinner, and re- 
moved to Corinth, Maine. 

Nathan," b. March G, 1785; removed to Taunton. 

Samuel Horton,^ (by 2d wife) b. Nov. 6, 1789 ; a mem- 
ber of the Baptist Church, Canton; d. Aug. 19, 1849; 

Nancy," b. Feb. 14, 1792; m. Laban Field, of Taunton, 
and had two daughters. 

Eunice,'^ b. ; m. Justus Pooler, 

51. ELirHALET,*^son of Benjamin (31) and Sarah (Everett) 
Fisher, was b. at South Dedham, June 8, 1747 ; m. 1st, at Med- 
field, b}' Eev. Thos. Prentiss, Dec. 5, 1771, Judith, daughter of 
Joshua and Anna (Penniman Barber) Bullard, who was b. in 
1749, and d. at Dedham, July 26, 1796. He m. 2dly, at South 
Dedham, by Rev. Jabez Chichering, ]March 15, 1797, Relief, 

1896.] THE AMES DIARY. 77 

daughter of Ebenezer and Mercy Blake, who was b. at Dorches- 
ter, Aug. 7, 1768, and d. at Dedham, Aug. 23, 1844, aged 76. 
Mrs. Judith Fisher joined the South Dedliam Cliurch, Sept. 18, 
1785 ; Mrs. Kelief Fisher joined Nov. 7, 1802. He was a mem- 
ber of Capt. Sabin INJann's company, from Medfiekl, at Lexing- 
ton ahirm, serving twelve days, and also at other times during 
the war. He d. at South Dedham (now Norwood), April 26, 
1819, aged 72. Children were :— 

Elpihalet,'^ b. Medfield, March 22, 177o ; d. at South 

Dedham, Sept. 19, 1796, unm. 
Judith,^ b. Medfield, Feb. 20, 1775 ; m. Oliver Fisher (74), 

Nov. 27, 1793. 
Olive,'^ b. Dedham, June 18, 1777; m. WilUam ElHs, Jr., 

May 27, 1798. 
Obed,^ b. March 23, 1784; d. Nov. 14, 1785. 
Nabby,"^ b. Sept. 29, 1787 ; m. Lewis Morse, of Dedham, 

in 1812. 
Betsey Blake," (by second wife), bapt. July 17, 1802 ; 
m. Lewis Gould, of Sharon, Jan. 5, 1829. 
(To he continued.) 


By Edxa Frances Calder. 

(Continued from page 34.) 

February, 1796. 

3 good Snow to repair Sleying. Willard Gay's house burnt. 

12 Bo't Sley Harness of Tucker 11 doP. 29ib' Beef at Richards 5S^^ 
Beef Wm Mason, jr. 

13 S. Shuttleworth from Windsor with B. (Sley lay heavily.) 

15 Debt of United States to France transfer d to Ja' Swan amount- 
ing to 

18 Deby, Mrs. Shnttleworth p^ Dr Sprague SO'^oi in pt for medical as- 
sistance, while I her Brother might expect such enconragem*. 

22 We paid oft" Debby all I ow'd her sett* of Estate! 

24 Went Boston Milton Stage. Committ, Quorum on being requested 

25 With Crane Esq. admitted John Fuller a poor Pris'" to Oath 

26 Ink 2^^ day after mix't— no Gum in it. 

27 fix'd new Ink taking old for menstruum, this is it new mix'd, 
this next day, but half the quantity of copperass yet put in ! how? 

28 Petition of Meadow Owners in lioxbury Dedham Newton & 
Keedham Pass^i ^oth Houses & order of notice thereon to be published 

78 THE AMES DIABY. [April, 

3 weeks in the Chronicle 30 days before the 2"'^ Wednesday of next Ses- 
sion of Court, to show cause why they should not be incorporated,— 60 
Subscribers. It seems extraord'y that G. Court grant Pittsfield prop^ of 
Water pipes to break thro private lands— & wont allow Meadow holders 
to break thro' Milldams that ruin them! 


On Mr. J.ivino'ston's motion in Congr. to request the President to 
lay before them all Papers & instructions relating to the Treaty with 
Britain— which involved the fate of the Treaty— a great majorit3% the 
true Patriots, were for it, i. e. the motion & with the People reprobating 
the Treaty! important discussions on the occasion. 


1 Strength of Parties in Cong, try'd on Livingston's motion. 

4 Adams all the Votes but 4 for Governor here & most of the 
Towns heard from. 

6 President refuses the request of the House for Treaty Papers, & 
appoints Com'^ to meet the British for Courts unknow to Fed^ Constitu- 
tion & appoints a Son of a Ptefugee a Conspirator one of the high Com- 
mission Court. 

16 Betsy Billings died sudden Cynanche maligna. 

20 Lydia Billings died of Cynanche maligna, distressed house at Jos. 
Billings. I attend twice a day, near all the rest sick. 

30 On their loose Rec^ p'^ the Judges of C. C. P. 69 dol. Entries 
Paid Crier l-S'i 15^^ allowed him more than he ought to have. 

30 (Cont'd) When I paid the Crier his 13'^"i 15« I told him that my 
present allowance of 15 cents on the neither Party entvies on the Docket, 
should not be drawn into a precedent— And as I since find that he has 
sponged out of considerable part of my fees I am resolved never 
again to allow only under the Titles the Law gives him!!! his fees near 
equal the Judges. " 


2 Priests made Politicians by Boston Torys. 

The Treaty fish swallowed Tail foremost! by Congress. 
The President is a llebel against Gen^ \Vashiugton & XTnited 

21 Meadows flooded & long continuance of foul W. 


6 I cannot attend to farm, only physick & my official business which 
takes np all my time— and keeps me Slave to the public while good part 
of the small fees escape me yet am envied for getting too much !! 

8 Bo't of Com>" on the buildings Xorfolk one hew'd stone & another 
very square & a few boards for Punch that cost a Dollar— dear. 

9 Federal Government become near as arbitrarv as anv European, 
the worst Tories & Conspirators with English caressed. 

18 Committee on S. Eliot's tS: o"r's p't'n against diverting tlie course 
of Charles river part arriv'd Dedhani 

23 Getting Hay, grand prospect upland. 

30 rather bad making but never was the higher lands so covered 
with Grass. The Iload affords better feed than usually pastures have— 
if the Meadows totally fail the upland equallizes the wliole. And the 
Committee of botli Houses on Charles river & meadows liope will help 
us to reap part of the blessings of the River & if they clear'd for fish we 
might rejoice in the restoration of the bounties of Nature thereby. 



Annual Meeting, March 18, 189G. 

The annual meeting was lield in the ScK'ietj's building on 
Wednesday evening, Marcli 18, the President, Don Gleason 
Hill, in the Chair. 

Tlie officers elected for tlie ensuing yeav were : Don Gleason 
Hill, President; Erastus Worthington, Vice-President; John 
H. Burdakiij, Librarian ; Julius H. Tuttle, Corresponding Sec- 
retary ; Harriet T. Boyd, Recording Secretar}^ ; George W. 
Humphrey, Treasurer. Curators: — Don Gleason Plill, Erastus 
Worthington, John H. Burdakin, Henry W. Richards, A. Ward 
Lainson, Carlos Slafter. 


The Curators of the Dedham Historical Society herewith submit 
their annual report. 

The register of visitors to the rooms of the society since March 
1, 1895, shows three hundred and fifty-one names. Nearly all of 
them were from other States of the Union, while a few were from 
other countries. This is sure evidence that a historical collection 
like ours has a peculiar interest beyond mere curiosity, for strangers 
coming to Dedham, which ought to inspire a more widespread interest 
amonf; our townspeople. 

lliere have been a few contributions of local historical interest 
to our cabinet which deserve to be mentioned. 

1. A silver snuff box formerly owned by Jerusha Billings of 
Stoughton, born Jan. o, ]7()G, and who married Roger Sumner, the 
grandfather of the late Myrick P. Sumner of Dedham, presented by 
his widow, Mrs. M. P. Sumner. 

2. A wood cut from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper of 
June 2G, 187.3, entitled "Robert Steele of Dedham, Drummer, and 


Parks of Cambridge, Fifer, playing Yankee Doodle on the Fortifica- 
tions at Breeds Hill on the morning of June 17, 1875. " 

The evidence upon which the truth of this incident depends, is 
the statement made by Robert Steele himself in 1<S2'3, and cited in 
Frothingham's History of the Siege of Boston, p. 178. Robert 
Steele was enrolled as drummer June 6, 177-"), in Doolittle's Regi- 
ment. Capt. Abel Wilder's Company. His commanding officer in the 
battle was Maj. Moore. He afterwards served in the Continental 
Army for five years as drum major. Fie married Lydia Williams of 
Dedham, June o, 1806. He was described as a pump and block 
maker, and lived on High Street, West Dedham, where he died June 
29, 1833. 

3. Reproduction of a silhouette of Sarah (Richards) Lawrence, 
supposed to have been cut about 1815, from Dr. Samuel A. Green. 
Mrs. Lawrence was the daughter of Giles and Sarah (Adams) Rich- 
ards, who came to Dedham in 181 G where they resided until his 
death, June 3, 1829. She w^as married to Amos Lawrence, the dis- 
tinguished Boston merchant and manufacturer, June 6, 1811, and died 
in Dedham, June 14, 1819. Giles Richards resided in the house now 
occupied by Miss Frances M. Baker on High Street, Upper Village. 
See an/e. VI, 132. 

4. An oil portrait (copy) of Dr. Jeremy Stimson from his daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Charlotte A. Kissel, of New York. Dr. Stimson was born 
in Hopkinton, came to Dedham about 1809, and for many years was 
a leading physician and citizen of the town. He was the President 
of the Dedham Bank from Feb. 14, 1834, to Feb. 7, 18G5, or thirty- 
one 3ears. He died in Dedham, Aug. 12, 1869. 

5. A photographic copy of an oil portrait of the Hon. John Endicott 
of Dedham, presented by his grandson, Benjamin Weatherbee, Esq. 

Mr. Endicott was born in Canton, Feb. 14, 1764, and died in 
Dedham, Jan. 31, 1857. He lived on East Street in the house now 
owned and occupied by Mr. Weatherbee. He held many public 
offices and was always an active and influential citizen of the town. 
He was a Representative to the General Court from 1805 to 1814 
inclusive, and again in 1816, 1830 and 1834, in all thirteen years. 
He was a Senator, 1817 to 1819 inclusive, and in 1831 to 1833 in- 
clusive, in all six years. 

He was a member ot the Constitutional Convention of 1820 and 


a Presidential Elector in 1824. He was a member of the Executive 
Council from 1827 to 1830, in all three years. 

He was chosen deacon of the church in 183.'>, and held that office 
many years. He was the first President of the Norfolk Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company. 

It will be ten years next October since the Society's building was 
begun. No one anticipated the rapid growth of our historical col- 
lection which has since been realized. But in the original plan and 
construction of the basement, its future use as a suitable room for 
setting up and arranging a portion of our collection was contemplated. 
Every foot of available space in the room above has now been 
utilized, and the need of more room has become imperative. The 
Curators have therefore determined to finish the basement, and have 
contracted for beginning the work immediately. When completed, 
the society will have an additional room affording about three fourths 
as much space as the present main hall, which will be v/ell lighted, 
free from dampness, and sufficiently warmed, and will be provided 
for by a reasonable outlay. 

Erastus Worthington, 

For the Curators. 


During the past year there have been added to the library one 
hundred and twenty-five volumes, and two hundred and eighty-two 
pamphlets. Included in these were forty-two volumes from Hon. 
Winslow Warren, and eighteen volumes from Mr. William R. Mann 
of Sharon. 

John H. Burdakin, 



During the past year meetings of the society have been held as 
follows : March 6. The annual meeting at which the usual reports 
were read, and the officers of the society elected. No meeting was 
held in April. May 1, Hon. Edward L. Pierce gave us a paper upon 
his recollections of John Bright, Kossuth and Garibaldi. June 5 no 
special paper was read, but the time was 'taken up in general conver- 
sation and discussion of local interest. After the usual summer va- 
cation no meeting was held in October, but November 13, a meeting 


was held when the matter of fittnig up the room under the main hall 
was left with the curators. December 4, Mr. Worthington read a 
paper upon Mary Draper, a patriot woman of Dedham durii.g the 
American Revolution, which was published in our Register. Jan...ary 
1, Mr. Worthington gave an address on Robert Steele of Dedham, a 
drummer at the battle of Bunker Hill. February 5, no special paper 
was read, but the time was occupied with conversation on matters of 
local interest. As stated in the Curators report, a contract has been 
made to finish off another large room down stairs. This will give us 
the much needed space for the books which have been collected, and 
which, though valuable, are not in so much demand for constant use 
as the genealogies and local histories. It will also enable us to make 
a better display of many articles of interest which cannot be placed 
in the main hall. The library has outgrown its quarters in this room, 
and for a considerable time it has been quite impossible to properly 
arrange the new books which have been added to the library. 

During the past year the town has added another volume to the 
published records of the town, the Abstract of Marriages, 1844-1890. 
Now all the births, marriages and deaths of the town from the begin- 
ning to 1891 are in print, and I hope we may be able to continue the 
publication of the ancient records, which, as I have repeatedly said, 
furnish the best material for our town history. I'he rooms of the 
society have not been opened as much during the past year because 
the President and other officers who have formerly taken charge have 
been engaged with other matters, but we hope when the new room is 
ready not only the officers but the members will take hold with re- 
newed interest and help put our collection of books, and also of 
curios, in convenient arrangement, both for use and exhibition. 
During the past year the Caroline E. C. Howe legacy, or the larger 
part of it, has been received, and it is with this that we are enabled 
to fit up our new room. I hope we shall so commend ourselves to 
the people that others may see that we will be good stewards of what 
ever may be entrusted to our care. 

Don Gleason Hill, 


Wanted : Parentage and ancestry of Mehitable Farrington, or 
Hartshorn, wife of Nathaniel Guild, m. 1705-6; of Mehitable Price, 
wife of Silas Morse, m. 1753 ; of Benjamin Aldridge and Mary 
Shaw, m. 1721; of Abigail Ayer, or Ager, wife of Nathaniel Coney, 
m. 1711. 


The Dedham Historical Register. 

Vol. VII. July, 1896. No. 3. 


By Mrs. Olive M. Tilden. 

'T^HE papers relating to Miss Adams which have appeared of 
-^ late in various periodicals dwell, as entirely proper, upon 
those phases of her life which are of more general or public inter- 
est. In this paper, written for our local Women's Club, it will 
naturall}^ be expected that matters relating to her which are of 
specially local interest will be emphasized somewhat. In the 
dates given herewith, as well as in the facts stated, which in any 
degree differ from those elsewhere published, it is proper to say 
that a careful search of records and of other sources of authority 
has been made, and it is believed that they are entirely reliable. 

Hannah Adams, the historian, the first American Woman 
whose learning and literary ability were generally recognized, 
was born in Medfield, Oct. 2, 1755. She was in the fifth gener- 
ation from Lieut. Henry Adams, one of the pioneers of Medfield, 
who was killed in the doorway of his house by the Indians, on 
the morning when they burned the tow^n. His picturesque old 
homestead was on the present Elm Street, near Mill Brook, and 
is marked by the ancient horse-block and whipping-tree, which 
are near it. She was a distant relative of President Adams. 

Her grandfather, Thomas Adams, inherited a part of the 
original Adams farm, and built the house in which Hannah was 
born, about the year 1715. It stood on what is now known as 
the ''Steele Place," about sixty rods west of the ancestral home- 
stead. He was an energetic and thrifty farmer ; by great indus ■ 
try and economy amassing considerable wealth, being, as is said,. 

A paper presented to the Medfield Women's Club, and read at tto 

84 HANNAH ADAMS. [July, 

one of the largest land-owners in town. He Lad also a compe- 
tence in money. Wlien he died at the age of seventy-five, he 
gave all his money and land, with a few small exceptions, to his 
only son, Thomas Adams, Jr., father of the subject of this 
sketch. Hannah's mother was Elizabeth Clark, in the fifth gen- 
eration from Joseph Clark, also one of the pioneers of this town. 
Hannah Adams was thus distinctly of Medfield origin. Her 
ancestors intermarried also with the town families, so that be- 
sides the Adams and Clark blood, that of Frairy, Ellis, Metcalf, 
liovell, and Allen ran in her veins. 

The home of Hannah's mother was on South Street, near its 
junction witli what is now called Noon Hill Street. Some lilacs, 
a gTape vine, and, within recent years, a few " garden flowers 
grown wild," mark the spot wliere Solomon Clark's house stood. 
Traces of the cellar were obliterated, and the well was filled up 
a few years since. 

Tradition has it that Thomas, Jr., then a susceptible young 
man, passing that w^^y with his father to go haying in Stop 
River meadows, saw Elizabeth, then a child, playing on the 
woodpile in her father's door-yard ; and falling in love with her, 
went in and asked Solomon if he might have her. It is pre- 
sumed tlie reply was favorable, as when she was fifteen years of 
age he married her, — he being then at the age of twenty -five. 

He had from early youtli a great love of learning, and he 
prepared himself to enter the University. But as he was 
thought to have naturally a feeble constitution, and probably, 
also, owing to the circumstance that he was the only son, his 
parents objected to his leaving them. This decision is described 
as an inexpressible disappointment to him, being obliged to 
forego a life of study to which his natural tastes incliiied him, 
and settle down on a large farm, as his daughter afterward said 
of him, "without any suitable fitness or any taste for agricul- 
tural pursuits." His marriage probably took place some years 
after this unwelcome decision was made. 

The pecuniary affairs of the family seem to liave continued 
prosperous till the death of Thomas, Sen., in 1763, when Han- 

1896.] HANNAH ADAMS. 85 

nail was eight years old. After this, Thomas, Jr., rented his farm, 
and embarked his capital in opening a store, which was kept in a 
small building near his house, where he proposed to sell " English 
goods " and books. This enterprise shows his lack of judgment 
in practical affairs, as he had no knowledge of trade and \vas a 
mile and a half from any village, with only a few scattered far- 
mers living around him. The prospect from the first could have 
promised nothing but disaster. Added to this the man to whom 
he rented his farm proved dishonest, and deceived and cheated 
him. The result was failure, which not only swallowed up the 
money his father had left him, but necessitated selling off a 
considerable portion of his lands, and the family were reduced 
to straitened circumstances. 

In the picture of Hannah Adams's birthplace, which was 
drawn from description given by a man who had lived in the old 
house several years, it will be noticed that in the rear seems to 
be a two-story addition to the older structure. This was always 
known as the "new part", and is thought to have been added at 
the time Thomas, Jr., married, in 1750. Presumably Hannah 
was born in this '' new part ", which was not torn down when 
the present house was built in 1821, but was moved around and 
is now said to form the L part of the present Steele house. 

Hannah Adams had from infancy a very feeble constitution, 
with an extraordinary weakness and nervous irritability. Her 
first recollections, she said, were of uneasiness and pain, rather 
than of the pleasurable sensations natural to childhood. " My 
mother was an excellent woman, and deservedly esteemed and 
beloved, but as her own health was delicate, and she possessed 
great tenderness and sensibility, I was educated in all the 
habits of debilitating softness, which probably added to my con- 
stitutional want of bodily and mental firmness." 

She did not mingle in the usual sports of childhood, nor 
care at all for them. She was, or w^as thought to be, physically 
unable to go to school with other children, and thus missed the 
advantages of mingling there with those of her own age. She 
grew up excessively timid, and altogether averse to appearing in 

86 HANNAH ADAMS. [July, 

company; in fact, slie found very few that she could happily as- 
sociate with. But she developed a consuming desire for knowl- 
edge, and was an omniverous reader. Her father had a consid- 
erable library, and she read a great variet}^ of books; but having 
been left to herself, her selection of reading was not always a 
wise one. In particular, she was passionately fond of novels, 
the reading of which, combined with the secluded sort of life she 
led, placed her, as she afterwards said, in an ideal world very 
different from the real, and she acquired false ideas of life. " My 
extreme sensibility was also increased b}^ being in this way 
called forth to realize scenes of imaginary distress." 

She had also a great love for poetr}^ and having a very 
tenacious memory, committed large portions of Milton, Thom- 
son, Young, and others. She also stored her mind with many 
facts of history and biography which gratified her curiosity. 
Being always a passionate admirer of nature, this feeling was 
greatlj^ heightened b}^ the glowing desci'i[)tions of the poets. 

During these years her father was in affluent circumstances, 
and it was never imagined that she would be reduced to the 
necessity of exerting herself for her own support, and so she 
was left to pursue this self -gratifying kind of life, with her 
books and a select few of congenial associates. 

Her loving and indulgent mother died Oct. 4, 1T67, two 
days after she had passed her twelfth birthday, at the age of 
thirty-three. The headstone is still standing in Vine Lake 
Cemetery in the burial lot of our late townsman, John J. Adams. 
The following epitaph, which may yet be deciphered after 128 
years of exposure to the elements, tells the pathetic story of love 
and esteem in that bereaved family. It was penned by an Epis- 
copal clergyman, a friend and constant visitor in the family. 

Beneath this monument of love and truth, 
Rear'd at fair gratitude's persuasive call, 
Rest the remains of innocence and youth 
Esteemed, lamented, and beloved by all. 
Fond of retirement and rural ease, 
Her sober wishes never learnt to stray; 

1896.] HANNAH ADAMS. 87 

Heav'n as her aim, her study how to please, 

And faithfully improve each passing day, 

In sentiment refined, in converse dear, 

To worth a friend, a parent to the poor, 

In friendship warm, ennobling, and sincere, — 

Such was the woman ! Can the saint be more? 

The loss of a mother occurred just at a time when "maternal 
direction is of the greatest importance, especially in the educa- 
tion of daughters." Her sister Elizabeth was now fourteen, 
Lucy was nine, and two little brothers, Lewis and Newton were 
six, and three. Her aunt, iNIary Adams, seems to have cared 
for these motherless children until her own death, two years 
later. From this time the care of the children devolved upon 
the older sister, who was evidently a girl of great good sense. 
Meantime, in 1768, the father had married a second wife, 
a woman of much practical and mechanical ingenuity rather than 
of literary tastes, who soon had a little family of her own to 
care for. 

Hannah had a select circle of very dear friends, who were 
drawn together by similarity of tastes from the surrounding 
towns. She afterwards said of them, — " they were all poor and 
most of them good looking. I had the fewest attractions of any 
of them. Most of them wrote verses, which were read and ad- 
mired by the whole little circle. Our mutual love of literature, 
want of fortune, and indifference to the society of those whose 
minds were uncultivated, served to cement a union between us 
which was interrupted only by their removal to distant places, 
and dissolved only by their death." 

This has been called by a late writer, " the first Woman's 
Club of which we have any record ", an honor to Medfield that 
has hitherto been overlooked. The names of those who com- 
posed that circle, the titles of the books they read and the am- 
bitious verses they wrote, have passed into oblivion with the 
lapse of the century; yet out of that first "Club " arose o?ie who 
became the pioneer of female authorship in America. May its 
present successor, the Club of '96, look well to its laurels. 

88 HANNAH ADAMS. [July, 

The crisis in her father's affairs came while Hannah was yet 
in her teens ; and it was then that the prospect of having to 
provide for her own support first dawned upon her. She tells 
of her own mental struggles at this period : — ^" I was reduced to 
poverty, with a constitution and early habits which appeared an 
invincible obstacle to my supporting myself by my own exer- 
tions. Instead of the gayety of youth, I was early accustomed 
to scenes of melancholy and distress ; and misfortune was en- 
hanced by a radical want of health and firmness of mind. My 
life passed in seclusion, with gloomy prospects before me, sur- 
rounded by various perplexities from which I could not extri- 
cate myself. The solitude in which I lived was to me, preferable 
to society in general, and to that fact and to my natural singu- 
larity, I must impute that awkwardness of manners of which I 
could never divest myself." 

A consciousness of this produced in her a dislike for the com- 
pany of strangers, and she said that few of those who have been 
accustomed to general society when young could even imagine 
the trembling timidity she felt when introduced to her superiors 
in circumstances or education. She tells us frankly, that the 
effects of these early disadvantages she experienced through life. 
No culture or discipline could form her manners to the standards 
of society. She said of herself, " I know I am very awkward ; 
I never could learn to make a courtesy". Her lack of school 
advantages she found equally lamentable. " I never", said she, 
"was taught how to hold my pen". Another thing she men- 
tions is the acquiring a very faulty pronunciation ; a habit con- 
tracted so early that she could never wholly rectify it in later 

Let us pause to remark that the local reminiscences and anec- 
dotes of her that have been handed down to us by those wdio, in 
their youth, knew her only as in the decline and weakness of old 
age, are chiefl}? such as relate to her various eccentricities, — such 
as would be most likely to impress young and thoughtless peo- 
ple, or those who had neither the intellect nor the heart to ap- 
preciate her real merits. Her painful consciousness of her own 

1896.] HANNAH ADAMIS. 89 

limitations and peculiarities ought to go far in forming an esti- 
mate of her. 

In those clays the resident clergymen in New England townSy 
often had divinity students under their care and special instinic- 
tion ; Dr. Prentiss of Medfield was no exception. Thomas Adams 
sought to add to the family resources by taking some of them 
as boarders, and Hannah obtained instruction from them in 
Latin, Greek, Geography and Logic. These studies she pur- 
sued with indescribable pleasure and avidit}^, so that at the age 
of twenty, she was possessed of ver}^ considerable knowledge of 
those subjects. 

While thus busy with her young teachers, an incident oc- 
curred which gave a new turn to her reading and literary inter- 
ests. In those days when valuable works of reference were 
comparatively scarce, it was the custom of students to fill manu- 
script books with extracts from books in libraries, or in the pos- 
session of friends. One of the young gentlemen mentioned above 
had by him a book of extracts from Broughton's Dictionary of 
Religions, published in England in 1742. Previous to this time 
she had been a stranger to controversial works, but this manu- 
script awakened her curiosity, and she commenced reading all 
the books within reach upon these subjects. She became greatly 
dissatisfied with the want of candor displayed by the different 
writers in describing the views of those holding opposite beliefs. 
She determined to make a compilation for herself, with no 
thought of publication at that time. She procured paper for a 
blank book, and comiueiiced writing for her own satisfaction and 
amusement as the only object. Her rules for transcribing were 
to give no preference for one denomination above another, to 
present a few of the arguments of the principal sects from their 
own authors, and in their own language, taking the utmost care 
never to misrepresent the ideas. 

This work went on at intervals for several years, as oppor- 
tunity for it, and as the desired works of reference presented 
themselves. During all this time, however, she was compelled 
to labor for her own support. Being at that time in too feeble 

90 HANNAH ADAMS. [July, 

health to keep school, she worked at spinning, sewing and knit- 
ting, and during the revolutionary times she learned to weave 
bobbin lace. But home-made lace would only be tolerated when 
no other could be procured, and, at the close of the war, when 
importation became easy again, it sunk into total disuse. Speak- 
ing of those years of weary struggle for self-preservation, she 
said. '' and yet I had enjoyments that the rich have no idea of. 
AVhen I had work brought in that would enable me to earn a 
few shillings by which I might buy paper, or any articles of 
stationery, I engaged in writing with an interest that beguiled 
the monotony of my life." 

About this time she obtained some income from teaching 
three young men, who were preparing for the ministry, the 
elements of Latin and Greek. One of these was Rev. Pitt 
Clark, of Norton, who studied with her till he was ready to 
enter Harvard. 

The difiiculty of procuring such work as she was able to do, 
not being particulaiiy ingenious in handiwork like her sister, 
suggested to her that possibly her manuscript might be printed, 
and so yield her some little pecuniary profit. She was sensible 
of the difficulties to be encountered in such an enterprise from 
the faju of her ignorance of the world, and little acquaintance 
with business, which would put her in the power of any printer 
to wdiom she might apply. Yet she set about writing out her 
compilation on an enlarged scale, with a diligent study of all 
the helps she could obtain in her isolated country home. 

When the work was ready for the press, the difficulty arose 
that no one could be found who was ready to print it unless 
money were paid at once. It was necessary to procure 400 
subscribers for the book beforehand. With much labor and 
correspondence on the part of herself and her father, and help 
from friends, these subscribers -were obtained. A list of them is 
printed at the end of the book. It embraces many of the 
clergymen, deacons, and prominent laymen in the churches in 
this part of the country, fifty copies being taken by residents of 
Medfield. But the profits to the author turned out to be very 

1896.] HANNAH ADA3fS. 91 

small, for with her father's small capacity for business, he was 
over-reached by the printer in the bargain made, which was that 
the author should receive fifty copies of the book which she 
might sell after the printer had received all the subscription 
money. The book was printed in 1784 by B. Edes & Sons, 42 
Cornhill, Boston, and was entitled: — 

An Alphabetical Compendium of the various sects which have 
appeared in the world from the beginning of the Christian era to the 
present day. With an appendix containing a brief account of the 
different schemes of religion now embraced among mankind. The 
whole collected from the best authors, ancient and modern, by 
Hannah Adams. " Prove all things ; hold fast that which is good." 

The care, study and anxiety attending the })ublication of this 
book proved very disastrous to the health of the author, and 
a long period of prostration followed. But, while recovering, 
she received a letter from the printer saying tliat the edition in 
his hands was nearly sold, and that he proposed reprinting it ; 
asking if she had any additions she wished to nuike to it. She 
had before this taken the precaution to secure a cop3a"ight on 
the book according to the Massachusetts law of 1783, and so she 
returned him a brief reply, forbidding him to i-eprint. 

Having learned that the book was selling, she formed the 
purpose of having it reprinted for her own benefit. This was 
four or five years after its first publication. But she had no 
means, and her friends discouraged the undertid^ing. 

While struggling with these difficulties, she was plunged 
into the deepest affliction by the death of her beloved and 
trusted sister, Elizabeth. She says, " Those only, who have 
considered their earthly happiness as dependent upon the life of 
one beloved object, on whose judgment they relied, and in 
whom they found comfort and support in every difficulty, can 
form an adequate idea of what I felt on this occasion." 

The first effort of her pen, after her sister's death, is found 
in some lines from which the followinc: is an extract: — 
*' The first attachment of my earliest years, 
E'er yet I knew to feel the attractive force 
Of sacred friendship, was my love to her. 

92 HANNAH ADA31S. [July, 

Our minds expanding, each succeeding year 
Heightened our mutual friendship. Not a joy 
E'er touched my soul, but when she shared a part. 


And must I lose her ! While unkind disease 
Threatened a life so dear, my trembling heart 
Sunk in o'erwhelming woe. Could prayers or tears, 
Could sleepless nights, or agonizing days, 
And all the care of fond officious iove 
Avert thy fate — Sister, thou still hadst lived." 

This irreparable loss came to her in the year 1789, and 
though prostrated by the stroke, necessity roused lier to exer- 
tions in her own behalf, and she set about preparing the addi- 
tions to the " View of Religions," which were finished two years 
later. In the meantime she had sent a petition to Congress 
for a general copyright law, which was presented to that body 
by Hon. Fisher Ames. 

Daring a visit to Boston, for the purpose of securing a 
printer, she was fortunately introduced to Rev. James Freeman, 
pastor at King's Chajjcl, who became a life-long friend, and who 
rendered her sucli valuable assistance in the business at this 
time, that she derived profit sufficient to pay off all the debts 
contracted during her own and her sister's sickness, and to put 
out a small sum at interest. 

After this, her health improving, she taught school in sur- 
rounding towns during tlie summer months for a few years, but 
the success of her last publication induced her to plan writing 
her ''History of Xew England." No good book on that subject 
then existed, and she fancied that her labors might not only 
yield her some profit: ble return, but be a benefit to the public. 
She says, " I selected this subject rather for public utility than 
for my own gratification. I also considered that attention to 
such an unpoetical subject would have a tendency to keep my 
mind in a more healthy state than the perusal of works which 
are calculated to excite the feelings." 

But the necessary study of ancient news prints, and the per- 

1896.] IIANNAR ADAMS. 93 

usal of old manuscripts and state papers, was very painful to the 
eyes ; yet the injury was not perceived till a sudden failure of 
sight came upon her, and she was compelled to lay aside all 
reading, writing, and every employment requiring the use of 
the eyes. For a time the physicians were unable to afford any 
promise of help, and she suffered the painful apprehension that 
a time was approaching when 

With the year 
Seasons return, but not to me return 
Day, or the sweet approach morn or eve, 
Or sight of vernal bloom, or summer rose. 

The prescriptions of the local physicians, increasing rather 
than diminishing her difficulty, she consulted Dr. Jeffries of 
Boston, and though he doubted whether her eyes would ever re- 
cover so as to be used in her literary work very much, yet by 
following his directions patiently for two years, she regained 
their use so as to commence writing again. The History of 
New England was printed in 1799, and as the subscription for 
the work had been abandoned during her illness, she was obliged 
to print the w^ork at her own expense, and to borrow the money 
therefor, consequently she derived very little pecuniary benefit 
from that book. 

She next prepared the third edition of the " View of Rehg- 
ions ", and by the aid of Rev. Mr. Freeman, who made the 
bargain with the printer, she received a sum of money which 
relieved the embarrassments incurred in publishing the New 
England history. She then planned, as soon as the edition of 
that history should be sold, to write an abridgement of it for the 
use of schools. In the meantime she set about writing a concise 
'' View of the Christian Religion " selected from the writings of 
eminent laymen. She gives, as a principal reason for entering 
upon this work, that she wished to make a public declaration 
of the fact that her conviction of the truth of Divine revelation, 
instead of being weakened by all her researches, was strengthened 
and confirmed. This publication was in 1804, and she sold the 
manuscript to a printer for the sum of one hundred dollars, to be 

94 HANI^AH ADAMS. [July, 

taken in books. Her father assisted her constantly in the effort 
to sell the copies of her various works received in payment from 
the printers, traversing the country around on horseback for 
that purpose, and gaining the popular appellation of " Book 

The History of New England having been nearly sold she 
commenced upon her school abridgement of it. She was san- 
guine of profit from this, knowing the success which had 
attended the publication of books for school use, and it seemed 
to her that this must constitute all she had to depend on for sup- 
port during life. In this she was grievously disappointed 
through what she and her friends considered an unfair trans- 
action by a man wdio anticipated her design, and placed a sim- 
ilar book for schools upon the market in advance. 

Her friends, however, assisted her in putting her school 
book to press, but the printer failed and she received nothing. 
Two years later she prepared a new edition, and a similar mis- 
fortune befell her in this second attempt. The only satisfaction 
she had in all this was, as she expressed it, " I hoped my works 
might be useful, and I w^as highly gratified by their candid re- 
ception by the public." She next chose a subject in which, she 
says : *' I thought it probable that I should not meet with any 
interference ", which was a history of the Jeivs from the time 
of the restoration under the Persian monarchy, down to her own 
time. This proved to be what was, perhaps, her monumental 
work. At this time the age and infirmities of her father pre- 
vented his assisting her as he had done in selling and exchang- 
ing her books, and she was now obliged to depend upon herself 
and upon such friends as she had attached to herself and her 

Her half brother, John Wickliffe Adams, had married in 
1805, had taken the old homestead with the care of his aged 
parents, having also a family of his own to provide for. And 
though Hannah was often a visitor there, she could not feel that 
she had any claim on him for support. 

From 1810 to 1812 while engaged upon the History of the 

1896.J HANNAH ADAMS. 95 

Jews, slie boarded in Dedham. In her studies for this work she 
corresponded with numerous eminent men and women in 
Europe, among whom was the celebrated Gregoire, the learned 
French bishop, who was actively engaged in the cause of the 
Jews, as well as in general philanthropy. While at Dedham 
her eyes again failed, and she again visited Boston for treatment 
from Dr. Jeffries. It was during this visit that she was informed 
of a generous provision that had been made for her in 1809. 
Several of her friends, among whom were Hon. Josiah Quiucy, 
Stephen Higginson, and William S. Shaw as its first promoters^ 
appreciating the literary service rendered by her, and knowing 
that she had no means on which to rely in her advancing years, 
settled an annuity for life upon her. ^' My generous friends- 
could hardly appreciate the extent of the benefit the}' conferred 
upon me. I had not been able to make any provision for my 
declining years, and had not a place on earth to call my home. 
My spirits were depressed by my destitute circumstances, and I 
am persuaded that, under Providence, the generosity of my 
friends was the means of prolonging my life." 

At the suggestion of these friends she removed to Boston, 
where she lived thereafter. In the library of the Atheneum, 
to which its founder, Mr. Shaw, gave her free access, she spent 
a large part of her time, enjoying such advantages of books, of 
cultured and literar}^ companionship, as she had longed for in 
vain through all the weary years of struggle, privation and 

A fine portrait of her was painted by Chester Harding, and 
it has adorned the walls of the Atheneum to this day. A grand- 
son of the Rev. James Freeman, now ninety years of age, and 
living in Marietta, Georgia, writes, Feb. 26, 1896, that it is a 
good likeness, as he remembers her about 1815, when he used to 
see her at his grandfather's house. 

In preparing the History of the Jews she had the personal 
assistance and use of the ample library of Mr. Buckminster, the 
talented young pastor of Brattle Street Church. The book 
was completed only a few months before his death in 1812. 

96 HANNAH ADAMS. [July, 

Soon after this she came to Medfield on a visit to her aged 
father, wlio was taken suddenly ill, and who died during that 
visit. In her autobiography she pays a tender tribute to his 
fatherly kindness, as well as to his Christian character. She 
then returned to her Boston home, where she was the recipient 
of many tokens of kindness and appreciation. 

In 1817 the fourth edition of her View of Eeligions was pub- 
lished. It had already gone through two editions in England. 
As her health permitted she labored upon her last book, 
"Letters on the Gospels," which appeared in 1824, and went 
through two editions. 

Miss Adams, when studying any subject, concentrated her 
attention upon it to the extent of entire oblivion to surround- 
ings. Her abstractedness was a noted characteristic. While 
intent upon a book at the Atheneum, she would sit for a whole 
day as if rooted to the spot. When the dinner hour arrived 
she heeded it not, and Mr. Shaw would quietly lock the doors 
and go to his own dinner, finding her in the same place on his 
return, she not having even noticed his absence. On being play- 
fully reminded of this, and asked if it were true, she said, 
" Well, I don't think it happened more than once or twice." 

At one time, while in Medfield, visiting at the house of Dr. 
Prentiss, she remained to take tea, when she absent-mindedly 
emptied the entire contents of the cream-pitcher into her cup, 
filling that and the saucer to overflowing. Being shortly after 
ready for another cup, she innocently remarked, " a little less 
milk, if you please," to the amusement of those who knew that 
her preference was to have her tea simply stirred with a spoon 
that had been dipped in cream. 

At the close of her visits there, some one would be detailed 
to see her safely past the birthplace of Dr. Lowell Mason, the 
spot now occupied by the summer residence of Mrs. Hannah 
Adams Pfaff, of Boston, (who was named for the subject of this 
sketch, and who is the grand-daughter of her half-sister, Mary), 
to the house of her brother, which stood next on the same 
street. Sometimes she was led past his house, to see if she 
would notice it. She never did until told. 

189G.] HANNAH ADA31S. 97 

The sister of N. P. Willis tells us of her visits to lier father, 
the founder and editor of the Boston Recorder and Youth's 
Companion (the first religious and the first juvenile newspaper 
in America). She used to come on Friday afternoons to read 
manuscript, and on those occasions would ring the door-bell 
continuously until some one appeared at the door. 

These incidents are here related to show her habit of com- 
plete absorption, and not at all in that spirit which finds merely 
a subject for mirth in the foibles and weaknesses of one broken 
by a struggling, baffled, sorrowful life, and bowed down by the 
infirmities of age. But there were those who appreciated her 
worth, and it is pleasing to record that hers was not one of 
those cases of talent which has, at the last, been suffered to 
languish in obscurity and want. Though she had out-lived most 
of her contemporaries, a younger circle of friends had sprung up, 
who respected her for her intellect and learning, and who loved 
her for her goodness. 

She was fond of young people, and her apartment in Boston 
was usually decorated with the flowers that young friends 
brought, knowing how much she loved to surround herself with 
bright and beautiful things from field and garden, and that she 
w^as one who looked on every phase of nature with the eye of a 
poet. Many of them also spent hours in reading to her, and 
cheering her by their bright and animated conversation. 

As another token of the thoughtf ulness of her Boston friends, 
should be mentioned the fact that those who contributed to the 
annuity for her support, kindly permitted her the pleasure of 
reserving a part of her own laborious earnings for the benefit of 
an aged and infirm sister, and when requested by her friends 
to write her autobiography, did it in order to leave it as a leg- 
acy which might prove a pecuniary assistance in the same 

Hannah Adams not only possessed real merit as a writer, 
but was a person of great excellence of character. Her exces- 
sive timidity, which clung to her through life, and which was so 
great at times as to paralyze her efforts and operate most un- 
favorably upon her manners, sprang from a genuine humility. 

98 HANNAH ADAMS. [July, 

A friend, in writing of her, expresses the opinion that the most 
prominent trait in her character was her quick sensibilities, 
which responded to ever}^ breath that passed over then). This 
sensitiveness, though it sometimes })laced her at the mercy of 
the iinfeelinor and obtrusive, flowed forth toward her friends in 
affection most fervent and enthusiastic. It is said that she 
shrank from exposing herself to ridicule, as she supposed, in 
her new strange attitude, for those days, of a ^'literary woman." 
It could only have been the most powerful of motives that in- 
duced her to publish a book. She says it was desperation, 
and not vanity, that led her to do it. Dr. Prentiss, in his pre- 
face to her first published work, writes thus : ''Having yielded 
to its publication at the desire of several judicious friends, she 
has also done violence to her own inclinations by prefixing her 

Miss Adams's clear and independent mental insight was re- 
markable. In her own opinion of books she did not wait for the 
decision of others, but expressed hers fearlessly, when called for. 
In her judgment of persons she knew how to discriminate, but 
at the same time she could see faults in their true relation to the 
entire character, and so could bear a love to others with all their 

During the time of her residence in Boston, religious views 
were largely discussed, and she felt the difficulties of both sides 
of the questions in dispute. She says: "I never arrived to 
that degree of decision that some have attained. In this, as in 
every other debatable subject, I would adopt the following lines : 

If I am right, thy grace impart 

Still in the right to stay; 
If I am wrong, O teach my heart 

To find the better way. 

In the autumn of 1831 her friends secured for her a room in 
the old Croft house in Brookline, where she could enjoy more 
sun and prospect than in her lodgings in Boston, as she was 
now in very feeble health. The house stood on the northerly 
side of Washington Street, near Cypress Street, on the spot where 

189C.] HANNAH ADAMS. 99 

the Chandler house now stands. After the death of Capt. Croft 
and his wife, the house was occupied by a Mrs. Waliey, witli 
whom Miss Adams resided at this time. The building has since 
been removed and is now standins: on what is called the Thaver 
Place, owned by heirs of Elijah Emerson, and occupied as a 
tenement house at present. 

Her last effort with the pen was on Nov. 12, written with a 
trembling hand. In response to this note her friend hastened 
to visit her. As she sat with her she said : " I am willing to 
remain as long as it pleases God to continue me ", and pointing^ 
to the prospect from the window on that sunny autumn morning 
she added, — " How can anybody be impatient to quit such a 
beautiful world as this." 

Her death occurred on the 15th of the following month. 
Her age was 76 years, 1 month and 13 days. Her remains were 
placed in tomb No. 14 in King's Chapel burying ground, where 
they rested till Nov. 12, 1832, when they were removed to Mount 

Let us visit her grave. From the main entrance we follow 
Central Avenue to its junction with Poplar, and there, directly 
opposite the ample lot and massive memorial of the Park Street 
Congregational Society, stands an old-fashioned monument of 
Italian marble on a granite base, the whole some two feet square 
by six in height, bearing this inscription : — 


Hannah Adams 

Historian of the Jews 


Reviewer of Christian Sects 

This monument 

is erected 


Her female Friends. 

First tenant 


Mount Auburn. 

She died Dec. 15, 1831. 

Ased 76. 


Mount Auburn Cemetery had been consecrated only two 
months before her burial there, and though the records in the 
Superintendent's office show that two children of the Boyd fam- 
ily had previousl}^ been buried there, one on July 6, and the other 
Nov. 11, the statement that hers was the first burial in Mount 
Auburn, thus technically inaccurate, is substantially true, as un- 
doubtedly the lot was purchased and the monument with its 
inscription ordered, some months befoi-e the burial of July 6. 
Hers was without question the first monument erected in this 
beautiful city of the dead. 

It is an affectingly appropriate thought, that one who so pas- 
sionately loved all lovely things in nature's realm, should be 
laid in her last resting-place amid those scenes of matchless nat- 
ural beauty, enhanced by all the charms that art can yield. 

Would it not now be a most fitting testimonial for the 
Women's Clubs of this Commonwealth, to place in their proposed 
Club House in Boston, a memorial tablet to Hannah Adams ? 


An Address delivered at a Reunion of the Partridge 
Family, East Templeton, August, 1895. 

By Eev. Lymax PAnTRiDGE, OF Dedham. 

{Continued from page 56.) 

We will now notice the children of John Partridge : Hannal^ 
born 1(^58, married 1679, Joseph Rockwood. A child was born 
in 1680, and both mother and child died. 

Deborah, horn 1662, married 1682, John Adams; died before 
1695. She was the mother of five sons, four of whom settled 
in Medway. Daniel, Eleazer and Obadiah resided in what is 
now the northern part of West Medway, upon the west side of 
Chicken Brook. (Map, 1713, in Jameson's Medway.) 

EJeazcr, born 1664, married 1st, 1692, Elizabeth Smith, 2nd 
in 1705, Elizabeth Allen, and as we have already stated, inherited 


the homestead. In 1720 he bought a hirge tract of land in what 
is now known as Partridge town, Bellingham, and about 1725 
removed there. He died in 1736. The home place in Medfield 
was sold in 1732 to Jonathan Wight, in whose family it still 
remains. At least two of his sons, Joseph and Benjamin, set- 
tled in Bellingham. 

His eldest son, Eleazer, Jr., born in 1693, married 1715, 
Sarah Taylor, and settled in that part of Dedham which in 1724 
became Walpole. He was a constituent member of the church 
in Walpole. A daughter Elizabeth was born June 4, 1721. 
Henry was born Sept. 6, 1724. (Dedham Rec, I. II. 48, 51.) 
Ezra was born May 17, 1734, and died June 10, 1734. He 
married secondly Ruth, Nov. 23, 1759, (Walpole Records.) 
Eleazer, Jr., married Jemima Clark, Nov. 26, 1741, and died in 
1752. (Probate 46, 157.) In his will dated April 7, 1765, he 
mentions an agreement with his wife Ruth, made at the time 
of their marriage, in regard to property which she brought. 
He mentions four children, Elisha and Henry, Sarah Blanchard 
and Elizabeth Morse. He died in 1776. (Probate, 75, 161.) 

Henry married Mary Chamberlain July 21, 1747. His father 
bequeathed to him all his real estate in Walpole, and 
tools of every sort, and all his money. His children were 
Henry, born Feb. 17, 1748 ; Mary, Aug. 2, 1750 ; Thankful, Oct. 
11, 1752 ; Eleazer, Aug. 24, 1755, died Oct. 13, 1776 ; Ezekiel, 
April 27, 1758, died Sept. 19, 1776 ; Ruth, May 7, 1760, died 
Sept. 30, 1776 ; Otis, Feb. 16, 1764, who married Nov. 16, 
1785, Hannah Smith, in Walpole, and afterwards settled in 
Templeton. Henry, the father, died April 5, 1803, Walpole. 
It was with this branch of the family that this reunion origi- 

Rachel^ born 1669, married Theophilus Clark, died 1717. 
Their home is in what is now known as Rockville, in Millis. 
(Register, VI. 93, and map of Medway, 1713.) 

Samuel^ born 1671, also settled in Rockville; married 1701, 
Hannah Mason ; died in 1752. He was a leader in the forma- 
tion of Medway, and its first church, of which he was a constit- 


uent member. He was one of the first board of selectmen, and 
was re-elected to that office several times. He was one of the 
committee " to take care to procure the meeting house built." 
He succeeded his brother John as a deacon of the church. His 
estate (Probate, 47, 493 ; Tilden, p. 96), was appraised at £418. 
14. 10. His farm is owned by his descendants. 

Zecliariali^ the youngest of the children, born 1674, married 
Mary Ellis in 1701, and settled near his brother Samuel. There 
is a tradition that they owned a mill together, which was 
burned. He died 1716. He was a wise and prosperous man, as 
his will indicates. 

I now pass to notice Jolin^ the eldest of the family, and of 
whom I am a lineal descendant. He was born Sept. 21, 1656. 
He was a soldier in the Indian war in western Massachusetts, in 
1678. He returned to Medfied in May, bringing letters from 
Hadley, containing an account of the return of the captives who 
had been taken by the Indians from that region to Canada. 
These letters were forwarded to the Governor and Council by 
Rev. John Wilson. (Tilden, 96.) The "young Indian fighter," 
as such men were then called, on his arrival home, turned from 
Mars to Venus, for Dec. 21 of that year, he married Elizabeth 
Kockwood. Her father, Nicholas Rockwood, evidently regarded 
the marriage with much favor for he deeded his house, just built 
in place of that burned by the Indians in 1676, to John Part- 
ridge. His wife had died the year previous, and he may have 
gone with his onl}^ daughter and her husband, to their new 
home, and died there two years later. Certain it is that in 1678 
he exchanged land near his residence for a grant west of the 
river, in what is now Millis. (Tilden, 471 .) 

John Partridge, like his father, by his marriage became the 
possessor of considerable property. He did not occupy the 
house given him by his father-in-law, but settled upon what is 
now Exchange Street, Millis. The house was near a well still 
used, a few rods north of the house now owned by Francis 
Phillips, and forms the eastern portion of that house. He taught 
school ill that part of the town in 1710 ; lie was prominent in 


the founding of Medway and its first church, and was a constit- 
uent member of the church, having first united with that at 
Medfield; was one of a committee "to procure a minister." 
He was a deacon of the church ; he served the town of Medway 
as a selectman ; was a large land owner in the town and divi- 
ded this land among his children. (Probate 37, 240.) His wife, 
Elizabeth, died July 22,1688, aged thirty-two, leaving four chil- 
dren. He married the same year Elizabeth Adams. She died in 
1718, and in 1721 he married Mrs. Hannah Sheffield. In his 
will, written Aug. 8, 1730, he describes himself as " sick and 
weak in body, but of perfect mind and memory." He died Dec. 
9, 1743. His widow died in Holliston, July 19, 1754. (Holliston 
Rec.) He was a well-educated man for those days, and a leader 
both in the town of Medway and the church. He saw all his 
children married and owners of farms, and all living within a 
few miles of him, excepting one daughter who resided at Ux- 
bridge. The cost of his coffin was fourteen shillings. 

His eldest child Elizabeth, born 1679, married Dec. 22, 
1701 ; Ebenezer Daniel, whose father, Joseph Daniel resided a 
short distance north of John Partridge, near the bend of Boggas- 
tow brook. So the young people must have been intimately ac- 
quainted from childhood. She died April 25, 1706, leaving two 

Mary, born 1681, married 1706 Ebenezer Lawrence of 

John, of whose birth there is no mention in the records of 
Medfield, is named in his father's will of 1730 (Probate, 
37, 240), as a resident of Wrentham. He resided in that part 
of the town now known as North Franklin, and near Mine 
Brook. (Jameson's Medway, Plan.) He died in 1756. He 
owned several farms, and had considerable money at interest. 
In his will (Probate, 51, 782), mention is made of a son and 
grandson, each bearing the name of John, making five successive 
generations to whom it was given. 

Benoni, of whom I shall speak again, was born May 
25, 1687. 


Jonathan., the first child of the second marriage, born 1693, 
married, 1717, Elizabeth Leonard, of Framingham, who died 
April 23, 1738. He married, January, 1739, Ann Phipps. For 
some years he led the singing at the church in Med^va3^ He 
served as selectman. He sold his farm, on what is now Holliston 
street, one mile north of Medway village, to his brother, James 
Partridge, and removed to Sherborn. He was baptized Oct. 7, 
1750, and became a member of the Second Baptist Church, 
now Warren Avenue, Boston. He afterwards removed to Eut- 
land, where he died, 1759. (Probate, Worcester.) 

Hannah., born 1696, married in 1713, Jeremiah Daniel, the 
brother of Ebenezer, the husband of her sister, Elizabeth. She 
died, 1751. He was one of the prominent men of the town of 
Medway, serving it in different official positions. 

Deborah^ born March 1, 1698, married Israel Keith, and re- 
sided in Uxbridge. She died August 30, 1740. 

James., born Oct. 8, 1700 ; married, Jan. 24, 1720, Keziah 
Bullard, born Dec. 2, 1711. He was a prosperous farmer ; was 
a constituent member of the church at West Medway ; died 
1769. His widow died July 25, 1799. 

Sarah., born Jan. 8, 1702, married George Adams, March 
13, 1723, and settled in Wrentham. 

Stephen., born April 16, 1706 ; received from his father, in 
1730, a deed of the home place. He married in Boston, April 
7, 1787, Mary Maccanne. He died March 10, 1742, leaving a 
widow and two daughters, Mary, born June 20, 1738 ; Azuba, 
born April 16, 1742. Jameson says that a grand-daughter of John 
Partridge married Abner Ellis, who came into possession of the 
farm. (Medway, 35.) This is not true. Mary Partridge, the 
widow of Stephen Partridge, married Abner Ellis, July 23, 
1747. (Medway Rec.) Their son, Abner Ellis, Jr., sold the 
place to Rev. Luther Wright, Dec. 18, 1801 (Norfolk Deeds, 
15, 226), and, Sept. 12, 1815, Mr. Wright sold it to Oliver 
Phillips (Norfolk Deeds, 51, 214), by whose son, Francis 
Phillips, it is now owned. Abner Ellis did not move to Ohio, 
as Jameson states, but to Mohawk Valley, N Y. This was told 


me in 1883 by the late Deacon Silas Richardson, born in 1792, 
who remembered Mr. Ellis. 

Benon% the brother of these, and my ancestor, was born 
May 25, 1687, and married Mehitable Wheelock, March 13, 
1709. She was a grand-daughter of Ralph Wheelock, the 
founder of Medfield, and a cousin of Eleazer Wheelock, the 
founder and first president of Dartmouth College. The Wheel- 
ock family was one of the most prominent in Medfield for one 
hundred and fifty years. His father gave him a farm in the 
northern part of what is now West Medway. It extended from 
near Chicken Brook to what is now Partridge Street. (Deeds, 
107, 180.) The house stood a short distance west of Winthrop 
Street, and about a fourth of a mile north of Chicken Brook, 
The place of the cellar and well can still be seen. He united 
with the First Church in Medway, and became a constituent 
member of the church at West Medway in 1750. He died Dec. 
26, 1769; Mrs. Partridge died Jan, 20, 1761, 

Preserved^ the oldest son, was born Nov. 10, 1709. He mar- 
ried Catherine Armstrong Nov. 10, 1737. He continued to 
reside in Medway for some years. He then removed to HoUis- 
ton, and for some time lived in ^lilford oti what is now Camp 
Street (Ballon, 952) where he owned a farm. 

Thomas born Nov. 28, 1711,. No further record found. 

Seth born March 17, 1713, married Ruth Holbrook, He was 
a blacksmith, (Probate 85, 628,) His farm in West Medway 
near that of his father, joined the land of Henry Morse and 
Winthrop Pond, and what is now Winthrop and Hill streets. 
There were probably no children of this marriage, for in his will 
dated 1763, he mentions besides his wife only his brothers Pre- 
served and Eli Partridge, his sister Sarah Fisk of Upton, and the 
two daughters of his deceased brother, Joseph Partridge. He 
was a constituent member of the church at West Medway, and his 
name is second on the list. He died about 1786 ; his widow 
died about 1789. He was a good man. 

Joseph^ born 1715, died about 1753. His home was in Hol- 
liston not far from West Medway. He accumulated a good 


property. (Probate, Middlesex.) He left a widow and two 
daughters, the oldest about ten years of age. 

David, born May 22, 1718. No further record yet found. 

3Ichitahle, born April 24, 1720, died Aug. 4, 1741. 

Samuel^ born June 24, 1722, died Sept. 7, 1741. 

Sarah^ born Sept. 27, 1724, married Fisk of Upton, and re- 
sided there. 

Timothy, born Jan. 18, 1727 ; served in the French and 
Indian wars. He married Jan. 5, 1755, Abagail Barber, daugh- 
ter of Joseph. Their parents were neighbors. The house is 
still standing at the corner of Partridge and Lovering streets. 
He died Sept 18, 1787. Mrs. Partridge died Feb. 22, 1809. 
Three of their five children survived them. Samuel born March 
17, 1756, settled in Paxton, where he died in 1832. Many of 
the descendents of his eight children are residents of Worcester 
and vicinity. Eunice born March 15, 1758, married Ralph Mann, 
Elijah, born April 4. 1762, who inherited the homestead, died 
Sept. 9, 1805, leaving a large property. 

£JU, born June 3, 1729, was a soldier in the French and 
Indian wars, married Rachel about 1752. He settled first in 
Holliston and then in Milford, a little east of the Upton line, on 
wl)at is now Silver Hill Street. (Ballon 's Milford.) The names 
of ten children are in the records of Milford. 

(To he continued.) 

By CaPwLOS Slafter. 

(Continued from page 51.) 

Abigail Ellis Dean taught schools in Dedhani from 1810 to 
1813. She was the daughter of Phineas Ellis and Jerusha 
(White) Dean ; born in Dedham, April 25, 1789. She was 
educated at Day's Academy, Wrentham ; married Richard Ellis, 
of Dedham, Jan. 7, 1813, and died in Canton, Mass., Dec. 26, 

189G.] OF DEDUAM. 107 

1889. She has been previously mentioned as " Nabby Dean" 
and "Mrs. Richard Ellis," but having secured from her daugh- 
ter a more complete record, I deem it proper to insert it here. 
She is the only centennarian among the Dedham teachers. 

Appleton Fay, as previously stated, taught the West Ded- 
ham school in the winter of 1829-30. He was born in South- 
boro, Mass., Dec. 8, 1805, the son of Hezekiah and Patty Fay, 
and married Fanny Claflin, about 1832. He resided in Worces- 
ter, Mass., and by occupation was a pattern maker. 

The winter school of Clapboardtrees, in 1830-31, was in- 
structed by Mr. John B. White. Other facts concerning him 
have eluded my most diligent inquiries. 

The records of the West Dedham district for 1832 name as 
teachers Rebecca L. Humphreys and Elizabeth Clark, but con- 
cerning neither have I been able to obtain any additional in- 

In the summer of 1835 the Clapboardtrees school was in- 
tructed by Miss Sarah Elizabeth Coffin. She was the daughter 
of John Gorham and Elizabeth (Rice) Coffin, born in Avon 
Place, Boston, Jan. 27, 1816. She was educated at Miss Pem- 
berton's school, Mr. William B. Fowle's Monitorial school, and 
under the instruction of Miss Dorothea L. Dix, the well-known 
philanthropist, who taught a private school in Dorchester, in 
which school Miss Coffin was also for a time an assistant teacher. 
In 1838 she was united in marriage to Rev. Nathaniel Hall, 
of Dorchester, where she still resides. Mrs. Hall says, '' I 
remember with gratitude the kindness of Rev. Mr. White. Mr. 
King Gay also did all he could to help me in the school." 

Miss Almira Boynton taught in the Readville district about 
1834. She married Lyman Locke of Boston. 

Mrs. Mary Robershaw, of Walpole, of venerable age, as one 
of her pupils describes her, was mistress in the Second Middle 
school during the summer of 1835. 

About 1835, Harriet E. Colburn, daughter of Ellis and Celia 


(Baker) Colbiirn, taught at Walpole Corner. She married 
Edward Freeman, of Bellmgham, who had been a teacher in the 
same school a little earlier. 

David Wight taught the Readville School two winters, 
probably 1834-5, and 1835-6. This publishment may apply to 
him : " 1814, Oct. 6. Mr. Daniel Wight, of New York City, 
and Miss Susan Elizabeth Fisher, of Dedham." 

Jason Holmes of Plymouth, Mass., taught the East Street 
School three winters about 1835. Later he went to California, 
where he died soon afterwards. 

In the winter of 1835-6 Mr. E. Kussell managed the Mill 
School eight weeks. Then it passed into the hands of T. P. Ryder, 
for eight weeks, cause and effect of the change not ascertainable. 

Mr. W. H.Talbot, of Taunton, a college student, had charge 
of the Westfield School during the winter of 1835-6. 

Caroline Wells, of Boston, was the teacher in East Street 
about 1836. 

Miss Sarah D. Bradley, of Milton, taught the Readville 
School two summers, 1837 and 1838. She married Mr. Jere- 
miah Plimpton, who was for many years a teacher in Roxbury, 
Mass. The register kept by her is a specimen of beautiful pen- 
manship. Mrs. Plimpton died in Roxbury, Feb. 11, 1895. 

Miss Ann Matilda Ellis was a teacher in South Walpole, 
1833 ; in the Mill School, 1835 ; and in South Dedham, 1836. 
She was the daughter of Richard and Abigail Ellis (Dean) Ellis ; 
born in Dedham, Oct. 8, 1813 ; educated in the public and 
private schools of West Dedham, and married to John Endicott, 
of Canton, Mass., Jan. 7, 1838. She still resides in Canton, and 
among other sources of enjoyment she speaks of ''the Dedham 
Historical Register, a publication of much interest to me."^ 
Her many friends would gladly see her complete, as did her 
mother, a full century of happy and honored years. 

{To he continued.) 



By Dora Riley. 

On opening the January number of the Register, my 
attention was attracted by the frontispiece, as it represented the 
dear old Draper House, where many of my childhood days were 
spent. How long and lovingly I looked on that picture, and 
how many cherished recollections it brought before my mind ; 
for I loved the dear old rambling structure, with everything in 
and around it. 

It was in the month of April, 1863, that we first occupied 
this house on what was then known as the Dr. Jeremy Stimson 
estate. Our family consisted of father, mother, and three chil- 
dren, of whom I was the youngest. I remember distinctly how 
charmed I was with the apple orchard, consisting of about 
twenty trees, bearing large, juicy "Porters," as we called them. 
The orchard was surrounded by an old stone wall on which I 
often perched to view what seemed to my childish mind a grand 
stretch of country, and to listen to the musical strains of the 
Dedham Drum Corps, as it marched to the West Roxbury line, 
and across the three cornered lot of the late Myrick P. Sumner, 
to the old homestead. The music was a great treat to me ; the 
fife more especially, which was played by Edward J. Bestwick, 
now janitor of the Dedham Public Library, and whom I consid- 
ered in his line a veritable Paderewski. 

Besides the orchard there was what appeared to me a fine 
flower garden, lilacs of different kinds and colors, besides many 
other species of garden culture. At the rear of the house stood 
an old open well, old indeed it must have been, for its wooden 
frame was a mere shell which caused my mother great anxiety 
at times, fearing some one of us might stray into it. One day 
the old oaken bucket fell down, and my brother Charles, who 
was always ready for an adventure, went after it, but the stones 


that lined it were so loose and slippery that it was with consid- 
erable difficulty that he made his exit with the captured bucket. 

In front of the house, strange to say, was the wood-shed, be- 
yond this was an old gate consisting of long wooden bars, which 
could be lifted up at pleasure. To the left of the house was a 
large pasture, where Mr. Stimson had a number of cows grazing. 
Every evening his hired man, "Owen Moore " by name, would 
ride down on a gray mare to drive them home. In the middle 
of this pasture coursed a stream of limpid water which flowed 
from a delicious spring, where many poor wayfarers assuaged 
their thirst. 

In a little cottage near Mother Brook, lived an old lady 
familiarly known as Nancy Mack. We children often visited 
her kitchen, and sat around the hearth where the peat fire 
burned cheerily, and listened with rapt attention to the stories 
of brave soldiers who had put up at the old house we then oc- 
cupied. Mr. ^Nlyrick Sumner, too, was always very kind to the 
children. He had two bee-hives back of his house, and often 
entertained us by explaining the very interesting and to us 
mysterious process of honey making. Still further back of his 
house was a hill where several nut trees grew, which supplied 
food for the frolicsome little squirrels who made it a place of 
rendezvous. Mr. Benjamin BuUard, another friend of the chil- 
dren, lived in the house now occupied by Mr. Daly. I remem- 
ber a lady once inquiring of my brother the way to the Toll- 
gate. He showed her, and for his gallantry she gave him a 
three-cent postage stamp. 

But have I not kept my readers too long out in the cold ? 
Let us step inside and see if I remember anything of interest. 
Yes, I recognize the large rooms, two on each floor, with a great 
chimney running through the middle of the house, with an open 
fireplace containing two large andirons capable of holding im- 
mense logs of wood ; then the old fashioned mantelpiece with a 
lion's head cut on each corner, which gave the room, it seemed 
to me, an air of grandeur. To the left was a room of equal size 
which we used as a kitchen. Underneath was a cellar, and the 
only means of access to it was from the outside. 


The rooms upstairs were of the same size as those below, 
that is, if I remember rightly, the stairs leading up were very 
narrow and without banisters. I have reason to remember that 
we sometimes had very unwelcome visitors, especially at night ; 
once I was suddenly awakened by something biting at my ear, 
calling lustily for my mother she arrived just in time to see a 
weasel jump from my bed. 

I almost forgot to mention the long line of Barberry bushes 
which made such a fine show with their scarlet fruit, and which 
proved so great a boon to the German people who came to 
gather them. Also that between the house and Washington 
street was situated the Sanford Carroll lot. This lot, covered 
as it was with buttercups and sweet clover blossoms, seemed to 
me, after my own home, the dearest spot on earth. 


By Joseph Henry Lathrop. 

{Continued from page 70.) 

The annual report of the Selectmen of the town of Dedham, 
issued after the close of the war, states that Dedham furnished 672 
men to the army and navy during the War of the Rebellion. The 
foregoing list comprises GIO names, and of these men 5G re-enlisted, 
either in the same or other regiments. Each re-enlistment of course 
counted as another man. The small discrepancy in the figures can 
be easily accounted for by the incomplete state of the records, par- 
ticularly so far as the navy is concerned, but this list of names is 
doubtless as near correct as it can be made at this late day. The writer 
would be glad to hear from any one who notes either errors or omis- 
sions in the list. The 610 names, by transfers, re-enlistment in other 
regiments, promotions, &:c., show a record of 711 terms of service, 
the final disposition of which is as follows : — 

Killed in action, ------- 25 

" on railroad, ------- i 

Murdered, - - 1 

Died of wounds, - 15 

" " disease, ------- 23 

" in captivity, --.--.. 5 

112 DEDHAM [July, 

Discharged on account of wounds, - - - - 15 

" for disability, ------ 70 

" to accept promotion, - - - - 13 

" by order of War Dep't, - - - - 6 

L - _ - 5 

relative to bands, i 

" for over age, ------ 1 

" by civil authority, - . - - 1 

" to enlist in other regiments, - - - 2 

Resigned, ._,----- 13 

Transferred, -..-----54 

Dropped from rolls, ------- 1 

Rejected, ..-.---- 24 

Deserted, -------- 32 

No final record, ------- 73 

Mustered out at expiration of term of service, - - 331 


The greater proportion of the 73 names to which no final record 
is attached, is principally on account of their connection with the 
Veteran Reserve Corps, the regular army and navy, or in service 
with organizations outside of the Massachusetts troops. Assuming 
that a majority of these men served out their time, the record of the 
Dedham soldiers would show that just about one-half of those who 
enlisted, completed their term of service, while one-tenth were killed, 
or died from wounds and disease. 

It will be noted that in the preceding list are seventy names of 
those who died in the service, while but 47 names are on the Memo- 
rial Hall tablets. These tablets are supposed to bear the names of 
those only who were of Dedham residence at the time of enlistment, 
while this printed list contains the names of all who were on Ded- 
ham's quota, whether residents of the town or not. 

As before noted, the majority of the desertions and rejections 
came from the men who enlisted from other places on the Dedham 
quota, to secure the large bounties offered. But very few men of 
Dedham residence deserted during their term of service. That the 
Dedham soldiers did their duty to their country is shown by the list 
of those killed in battle or died from wounds. In addition, the records 
show that forty men received wounds which were not fatal, and six- 
teen men were taken prisoners. The town had its representatives in 
the greater part of the Massachusetts organizations as will be noted 
in the following table : 

3d Battalion Mass. Rifles, 
4th " " Infantry, 

16th Unattached Co. Mass. Infantry, 
1st Regiment " " 

2(J a u (t 

3 months. 


30 days. 


100 days, 


3 years, 




1800. J IN THE BE BELLI ON. 113 

od Regiment 





















































































1st Company 
1st Regiment 


, Infantry, 

































































































































































1 year, 

3 years, 










2d Regiment 

Mass. Cavalry, 

3 years. 




(Co. M 



1 year), 

3 years, 


1st Battalion 


2d Regiment 


Frontier Cavalry, 
Heavy Artillery, 

1 year, 


3 years, 

29th Company 
1st Battery 




> ( 

Light Artillery, 

1 year, 


3 years, 





























Sherman's Battery, 

U. S. A., 

Reserve Artillery, 


3d Regiment 

Artillery, U. S. A. 

Signal Corps, 
3d Reg't Infai 
6th " 

11th '^ 




24th " 


5th Reg't Heavy Artillery, U. S. C. T. 

llth Reg't Infantry, U. S. C. T. 
35th " 
36th " 
37th " 
38th " 
70th '' 

1st Reg't Michigan Cavalry, 

1st " District of Columbia Infantry, 
51st " New York, " 

102d " 
68th " Ohio 

Adjutant General's Dept., U. S. Vols., 
Veteran Reserve Corps, 
U. S. Navy, 










Of the entire number of soldiers from Dedham, rather more than 
one-fifth, as nearly as can be ascertained, held positions either as 
commissioned, or non-commissioned officers, at the time of their leav- 
ing the service. The list is as follows : 

Colonel, --_---- 

Lieut. Colonel and Brevet Colonel, 

Lieut. Colonel, ------ 

Major, ------- 

Captain and Brevet Major, - - - - 

First Lieut.and " " - . - - 

Captain and A. A. G. U. S. Vols, 

Captains, - - - - - - - ]3 

Chaplain, ------- l 

Adjutants, ------- 3 

First Lieutenants, - - - - - 10 

Second " ----- - 6 

Non commissioned officers, - - - 95 

Commodore, ------ 

Lieutenant, __---. 

Passed Assistant Paymaster, 

Acting Assistant Paymaster, 

Chief Clerk, - ' - 

Captain's Clerk, _ - - - - 

Surgeon's Steward, ----- 


conclusion, the writer desires to express his thanks to the 
Dedham Historical Society for the use of their library and files of 
papers, also to those gentlemen formerly connected with the 18th, 
3oth and 4od regiments, from whom much valuable assistance has 
been received in the preparation of the history of the Dedham com- 
panies in those regiments. 

By Edxa Frances Calder. 

{Continued from page i^ 
July, 1790. 

5 Replevied Eliphalet Fuller's oxen taken bv town & pass'd my 
Word to Wheaton for 2 del. for Wise. 

11 Anniversary of Father's death 32 years, 1764. 

12 Set Wid Fuller's Jaw, 1 dol. 

22 Sundry people mow meadows before grown for fear of floods as 
last year destroyed lOUO Loads or more. 

27 On good appearance of W. began to mow Meadow but Rain 
caught it. 

116 THE A3IES DIARY. [July, 

31 Tlift insults of the British Commanders of Vessels impressing our 
Seamen ct Hogging some of them to death »& others, as Capt Jessup 
rtogged on board Pigot's Frigate till he fainted then vomited blood & 
just escaped with life — And Capt. Wyat St. J3arbe after saving 300 
hritons in a sinking Ship, then Potter the Capt. of her making a prize 
of his Saviour as soon as escap'd are so brutally shocking as not here- 
after to be credited perhaps as our Government hugs the British closer 
for it while the People are bursting with indignation I ! ! 

5 Dn Avery died. 

8 On Monday 8th Aug. Committee of State of Connecticut proceed 
frtnn Hartford Eastward to view and report Amendment of middle 
])ost road to Boston either first to the line of R. Island or direct to the 
line of Massachusetts. 

15 liec'd Subscription for a Newspaper in Dedham & got sundry 

18 Fr. iSTegro Girl drowned herself. 

23 Court house found not big enough to hold the People comfortably 
^ ceiling so low as to stifle. 

25 So hot S. C^ sit in the Meeting house. 

30 So cold this morning I cannot write or sit with comfort. 

31 Altho' the forepart of Summer promised such great crops of Hay 
now all our gardens and corn fields are parched up for want of Ptain. 
Meadows hard as upland and some corn planted in Meadows only part 
of my field that looks thrifty the rest cut short one half. But our 
Meadows by having Command of Water would prove the richest re- 
source & inexhaustible without hurting the Mills at all tho' they fear it. 


5 In Heman Guild's lot that was, is a grand Stone 8 or 10 feet long 
5 or 6 wide & G or 8 inch thick— good Door Stone. 

15 Heaton Printer came view— got a])ove 200 Subscribers for Paper. 
Connecticut survey from Hartford to Boston by chain 8 rods long, it is 
96 miles from Hartford to Dedham. 2 i 1 [VJ 30 r to Major Whiting, fr 

18 Hunting mad Dogs. Wid of old Tim PJchards buried. 

30 Being Clerk of Court interferes with Med^— And by Decision of 
the judges of C. P. I am prevented from endorsing. Writs for anybody 
on the Objection of Tho' Williams and a decree of the Conclave of 
Jesuits or Junto of the Dogs of Law in one of their bar meetings issued 
to our timid Judges of sudden manufacture. 


5 Printers came to print a News Paper in Dedham. Sett Dayid 
Baker's Son's thigh l)roke by fall from a Tree. 

6 Bo't 2 B'r'I's Cyder at 2^''^ each of Gay. 
Proof Sheet Dedham paper out. 

11 Minerva Dedham Gazette published this morning, and wholly 
dictated by F. A. to smother political enquiry & make public Servants, 
Lords. 15 Went J^oston on horseback. 

31 First Snow that lies a few hours but from 1«' Nov. tliere is an en- 
tire alteration of the feeling of the Climate as if changed from Italy 
to Siberia. 


3 Abner Lewis pointing Wood cellar with Mortar and does it 
like a Workman. 

4 The Prigarchy straining every nerve to carry Election. 

7 Election of Repres : Gen^ & Elector of Presid : & Vice Pres. 

1896.] THE FISHER FA3IILY. 117 

15 Set ten apple trees on the hill S. W. corner of Meadow bo't of 
Jo Draper 1 peach. 

18 Set Beure du Roy Pear W Side Rocks. 

19 Set St Michael Pear within Garden before the Barn. 
21 Set 3 pair Stocks from Nursery into pasture. 

30 Extreem cold for 8 days past. Springs low, streams frozen, & 
difficulty to get water sufficient. And fuel consumed as fast as any time 
thro' Winter. Philadelphia flour is 12 dols p"" B'r'l, i. e. 7 q" which is 
about 1.72 p^ Q^ or 6.88, p-" C. 


7 Elect' of President thro' U. S. A. 

19 Aristocrats crowing that Adams will be President of U. S. A. 
24 Our Gov S. Adams has 15 Votes Virginia for President or 
V. Presid 

31 Great Scantiness of Water, continued cold & grand Sleying, 
Fuel dear, Wood 3s. 6 foot. 

(To he continued.) 


By Philip Adsit Fisher. 

of San Francisco, Cal. 

{Continued from page 77.) 

53. Jesse^, fourth son of Benjamin (31) and Sarah 
(Everett) Fisher, was b. at Dedham, July 7, 1751 ; m. 1st, Oct. 
31, 1775, Lois Metcalf. She d. and he m. 2d]y, Sept. 19, 1792, 
Jerusha Armsby, of Medfield. In his father's \vil], made Feb. 
7, 1777, he is called '' of Princeton." He probably resided per- 
manently in Dedham thereafter, though no record can be found 
of his death. Cannot some one throw more llglit on this family ? 
Children were : — 

Polly", b. Feb. 22, 1776; m. Asa Howard, of Needham, 

March 28, 1805. 
Patty', b. Aug. 1, 1777; m. Samuel Cobb, in 1818, as his 

2d wife. 
Sally"^, b. June 29, 1779 ; m. Amasa PI owe, of Dedham, 

June 3, 1804. 
Jesse^, b. Jan. 6, 1784. 

Ebenezer"^, b. ; d. Dec. 3, 1794, aged 10. 

Prudence'^, b. May 14, 178- 
53, MOSES^ fifth son of Benjamin (31) and Sarah 
(Everett) Fisher, was b. at Dedham, Nov. 27, 1755, and d. at 


Francestowu, N. H., Jan. 23, 1847, aged 91. He left Dedham 
in 1785, and settled in Franeestown, on the farm now occupied 
by his grandson, Moses Bradford Fisher. He m. 1st, at Ded- 
ham, Feb. 19, 1784, Louisa, daughter of Eliphalet and Hannah 
(Lewis) Thorp, who was b. at Dedham, Oct. 26, 1762, and d. 
at Franeestown, Feb. 9, 1811, aged 44. He m. 2dly, Jan. 25, 
1813, Mrs. Lucy Manning, who was b. June 11, 1774, and d. 
!March 14, 1841, aged (SQ. Their children, all b. at Franeestown 
but the first, were : — 

John', b. April 20, 1785 ; d. Nov. 25, 1785. 

Lewis', b. Aug. [ ], 1786; d. Oct. 19, 1810; m. Mary 
[ ], of Carlyle. Lived in Salem, and left a daugh- 
ter, aged 22 months at father's death. Widow d. in 
1846, leaving property to brother's children. 

Moses", b. Oct. 25, 1700; d. Feb. 29, 1860; m. Fanny, 
daughter of Andrew and Hannah Fuller, of Lyndeboro, 
N. H., who was b. Aug. 7, 1793, and d. at Gloucester, 
Mass., March 29, 1864. Ten children. 

Joel', b. Sept. 30, 1793 ; d. Marcb 10, 1796. 

Obijah", b. March 17, 1795; d. at Brighton, Iowa, June 
1863 ; m. Sarah M. Friend, who was b. at Dracut, 
Mass., May 26, 1795, and d. at Brighton, la.. May 15, 
1880. Five children. 

AarOxV, b. Aug. 2o, 1797 ; d. March 10, 1883 ; m. Susan 
P'uller, of Franeestown, who was b. June 24, 1804, and 
d. Feb. 18, 1877. Four children. 

Amasa', b. Aug. 31, 1799 ; d. Oct. 25. 1800. 

Hannah", b. April 24, 1802 ; d. Aug., 1894 ; m. Franklin 
Friend, April 24, 1836 ; he was b. July 31, 1803. 

Thorpe", b. April 24, 1804 ; d. at Salem, Mass., Dec. 9, 
1885 ; m. 1st, Nov. 6, 1832, Joanna Crombie, daughter 
of Benjamin and Chloe (Farrington) Jones, who was b. 
Nov. 27, 1806, and d. at Salem, Oct. 4, 1855. He m. 
2dly, Oct. 11, 1860, Mary Ruth (Babbidge) Russell, 
widow of Henry Russell, and daughter of Capt. Chris- 
topher and Mary (Randall) Babbidge, who was b. at 
Salem, May 30, 1807, and d. in 1887. Four children 
by first wife. 


Asa Manning'^, (by second wife) b. April 9, 1817 ; d. at 
Denmark, Iowa, Oct. 24, 1881 ; m. in Jasper, N. Y., 
April 21, 1846, Elizabeth Dennis, who was b. in Han- 
cock, N. H., Oct. 10, 1819, and d. at Denmark, la., 
Oct. 13, 1883. One child. 
54. Jeremiah*^, eldest son of Capt. Jeremiah (32) and 
Deborah (Richards) Fisher, was b. at Dedham, Sept. 23, 1704, 
and d. there June 19, 1752. He m. at Dedham, Oct. 29, 1731, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Robert and Submit [ ] Cook, who 

was b. in Dedham, Feb. 7, 1704. Jeremiah graduated at Har- 
vard in 1726, and in 1732 taught the school in the east part of 
Dedham ; appointed Justice of the Peace, Oct, 25, 1737. By 
his will, made June 13, 1752, his son, Jeremiah, received a 
double share in the estate, and in the division, April 27, 1757, 
took the homestead. The inventory, made Dec. 29, 1752, shows 
lands and buildings in Dedham and Needham, appraised at 
X633.6,8. Their children were :— 

Elizabeth^, b. Feb. 10, 1734 ; m. Eliphalet Baker, May 
19, 1756; d. July 22, 1816. [Baker's descendants of 
Edward Baker, p. 93.] 

86. Jeremiah^ b. Nov. 10, 1735 ; m. 1st, Esther [ ]; 

2dly, Sarah Dean. 

87. Nathaniel'^, b. July 8, 1742; m. Silence Baker, of 


88. Daniel^ b. March 18, 1744; m. Sibyl Draper, May 23, 



By William R. Mann. 

John, son of John Estey and Abigail, July 3, 1763. 
Elizabeth, dau. of John Estey and Abigail, December 15, 1765. 
Eleanor, dau. of John Estey and Abigail, May 17, 1768. 
Abigail, dau. of John Estey and Abigail, December 1, 1770. 
Lois, dau. of Jacob Hawse and Elizabeth, April 1, 1770. 
Eleanor, dau. of Ebenezer Gay and Mary, September 20, 1769. 
Rachel, dau. of William Billings and Sarah, November 27, 1769. 
Daniel, son of Uriah Atherton and Mary, October 4, 1769. 
Anna, dau. of William Richards, Jr., and Anna, Jan. 31, 1760. 


Jeremiah, son of William Richards, Jr., and Anna, August 22, 17G1. 
William, son of William Richards, Jr., and Anna, June 14, 1763. 
John, son of William Richards, Jr., and Anna, May 27, 17 Go. 
Sarah, dau. of William Richards, Jr., and Anna, June 17, 1767. 
Susannah, dau. of William Richards, Jr., and Anna, March 27, 1769. 
Molly, dau. of Richard Hixon, Jr., and Mary, Sept. 19, 1770. 
Ruth, dau. of Solomon Gilbert and Lydia, December »3, 1765. 
Delight, dau. of Solomon Gilbert and Lydia, August 28, 1770. 
John, son of Joseph White and Sarah, September 13, 1765. 
Hannah, dau. of Joseph White and Sarah, November 17, 1767. 
Mary, dau of Jonathan Clark and Mary, November 14, 1766. 
Nathan, son of Nathan Clark, Jr., and Hannah, April 13, 1770. 
Israel, son of Josiah Morse and Dorothy, June 14, 1770. 
Mary, dau. of Jonathan Belcher and Sarah, May 8, 1769. 
Sinthe, dau. of John Everett and Mary, June 4, 1770. 
Mehitable, McMullin, dau. of Hannah Smith, May 23, 1769. 
Hosa, dau. of Nathaniel Clark and Mary, May 25, 1769. 
Bettey. dau. of Clifford Belcher, Jr., and Bettey, October 18, 1771. 
Samuel, son of Job Swift, Jr., and Rebecah, June 28, 1771. 
Joseph, son of Samuel Payson and Sarah, May 26, 1771. 
Patience, dau. of Henry Payson and Mary, June 17, 1767. 
Mary, dau. of Henry Payson and Mary, Sept. 6, 1768. 
Chloe, dau. of Henry Payson and Mary, June 16, 1770. 
Susanah, dau of Nathaniel Commings and Chloe, January 2^^, 1772. 
Abner, reputed son of John Bird and Joanna Estey, March 18, 1771. 
Mary, dau. of Micah Allen and Catherine, May 15, 1771. 
Jese, son of William Billings, Jr , and Mary, February 19, 1772. 
Jabez, son of Daniel Richards, Jr., and Anna, May 29, 1769. 
Daniel, son of Daniel Richards, Jr., and Anna, November 12, 1771. 
Samuel, son of John and Esther Noyce, August 16, 1766. 
Samuel, son of Samuel and Elizabeth Ramsdell, December 2, 1771. 
Jeremiah, son of Lemuel Fuller and Ruth, November 13, 1767. 
Ebenezer, son of Lemuel Fuller and Ruth, May 15, 1769. 
Hannah, dau. of Lemuel Fuller and Ruth, April 27, 1771. 
John Holbrook Hawse, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth, Sept. 20, 1772. 
Sarah, dau. of John and Hannah Sumner, December 22, 1767. 
Roger, son of John and Hannah Sumner, April 13, 1770. 
Ruth, dau. of William and Ruth Hewins. March 22, 1760. 
William, son of William and Ruth Hewins, March 12, 1762. 
Ebenezer, son of WilMam and Ruth Hewins, April 13, 1764. 
Amasa, son of William and Ruth Hewins, May 10, 1766. 
Rebecca, dau. of William and Ruth Hevv^ins, June 28, 1768. 
Mary, dau. of Solomon and Mary Estie, September 15, 1770. 
Nancy, dau. of Solomon and Mary Estie, November 28, 1771. 
Sarah, dau. of John and Keziah Coney, October 19, 1763. 
Eleanor, dau. of John and Keziah Coney, September 8, 1765. 
John, son of John and Keziah Coney, September 20, 1767. 
Elijah, son of John and Keziah Coney, August 6, 1769. 


Elizabeth, dau. of John and Keziah Coney, March C, 1772. 
Edmund, son of Joshua and Susanah Whittemore, Nov. 25, 1770. 
Moses, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth Richards, July 27, 1770, 
Aaron, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth Richards, July 7, 1772. 
Unity, dau. of Richard Hixon, Jr., and Mary, September 17, 1772. 
Oliver, son of William Richards, Jr., and Anna, January 15, 1773. 
David, son of David and Abigail P'isher, June 26, 1759. 
Moses, son of David and Abigail Fisher, April 1, 1761. 
Aaron, son of David and Abigail Fisher, December 16, 1762. 
Ebenezer, son of David and Abigail Fisher, August 27, 1765. 
Katherine, dau. of David and Abigail Fisher, September 28, 1767. 
Rebekah, dau. of David and Abigail Fisher, July 29, 1769. 
Jason, son of John Everett and Mary, July 24, 1772. 
Daniel, son of Lemuel Fuller and Ruth, March 6, 1773. 
William, son of William Deverix and Abigail, March 10, 1766. 
Oliver, son of William Deverix and Abigail, July 3, 1768. 
Robert, son of William Deverix and Abigail, February 13, 1772. 
Elizabeth, dau. of William Deverix and Abigail, August [ ], 1762. 
Hannah, dau. of Benjamin Savell, Jr., and Susanna, May 17, 1757. 
Sarah, dau. of Benjamin Savell, Jr., and Susanna, April 11, 1759. 
Oliver, son of Benjamin Savell, Jr., and Susanna, July 4, 1761. 
Benjamin, son of Benjamin Savell, Jr., and Susanna, Sept. 10, 1763. 
John, son of Benjamin Savell, Jr., and Susanna, August 4, 1765. 
Susanna, dau. of Benjamin Savell, Jr., and Susanna, July 29, 1768. 
Eunice, dau. of Benjamin Savell, Jr., and Susanna, Dec. 19, 1770. 
Joseph, son of Benjamin Savell, Jr., and Susanna, March 27, 1773. 
Clifford, son of Clifford Belcher, Jr., and Bettsy, April 13, 1773. 
Oliver, son of Silvanus Clark and Rachel, August 18, 1767. 
Meletiah, dau. of Silvanus Clark and Rachel, November 27, 1769. 
Rachel, dau. of Silvanus Clark and Rachel, August 4, 1772. 
Asa, son of Nehemiah Clark and Judith, September 18, 1766. 
Elkanah, son of Nehemiah Clark and Judith, September 1, 1768. 
Catee, dau. of Nehemiah Clark and Judith, May 10, 1770. 
Luther, son of Nehemiah Clark and Judith, May 6, 1773. 
Increase, son of Enoch Hewins and Sarah, October 22, 1769. 
Sarah, dau. of Enoch Hewins and Sarah, December 16, 1771. 
Ebenezer, son of Philip Withington and Rebekah, March 29, 1769. 
Elijah, son of Philip Withington and Rebekah, October 19, 1771. 
Benjamin, son of Benjamin Hewins and Sarah, June 1 8, 1747." (9/^ ^///<?." 
Sarah, dau. of Benjamin Hewins and Sarah, April 1, 1749. 
Mehitable, dau. of Benj. Hewins and Sarah, March 3, 17 56.'^ JVew s/i/e." 
Experience, dau. of Benjamin Flevvins and Sarah, July 18, 1760. 
David, son of Benjamin Hewins and Sarah, March 7, 1768. 
Jeremiah, son of Jeremiah Belcher, Jr., and Anna, Sept. 28, 1757. 
Samuel, son of Jeremiah Belcher, Jr., and Anna. July 8, 1758. 
Sarah, dau. of Jeremiah Belcher, Jr., and Anna, August 9, 1759. 
Anna, dau of Jeremiah Belcher, Jr., and Anna, July 1, 1761. 
Edward, son of Jeremiah Belcher, Jr., and Anna, March 31, 1763. 



The recent interest shown in inscribed powder-horns brings to 
mind the fact that the Dedham Historical Society has in its posses- 
sion a horn of some historic association, as it was carried through 
the Revokitionary War by Lewis Colburn, a Dedham soldier. 

The horn is a section about five inches long, having on one end 
the initials " M M ", on one side the date " 1770 ", and around the top 
a rather elaborate design of a double row of scallops, with ornaments 
above and below. Around the lower part are figures resembling 
trees, the whole evidently done with no better tool than a pocket 
knife. The initials " F " and " P " appear near one end. 

After Mr. Colburn's death the horn came into possession of the 
late Timothy Baker of West Dedham, whose daughter presented it to 
the Dedham Historical Society. 

Lewis Colburn was the eldest son of Samuel and ]\Iercy Dean 
Colburn, and the fifth in line from Nathaniel Colburn, one of the first 
Dedham settlers. He was born in West Dedham, June o, 1752, and 
married Mary Onion, Aug. 26, 1773. 

On the muster roll of Dedham soldiers in Capt Guild's company 
Col. Greaton's regiment, assembled on the 19th of April, 1775, his 
name appears as " Serg't Lews Colburn." Mrs. Helen (Colburn) 
Fisher has kindly furnished some facts in regard to him. 

After the war he took an active part in Shays's Rebellion. He is 
described as a tall, broad-shouldered, finely-formed man of soldierly 
bearing, fair-complexioned, lively, well-informed and fond of jokes 
and story telling, and especially of recalling his army experiences. 
Some of his descendants now living remember his interesting account 
of driving a team loaded with army stores and ammunition from Bos- 
ton to West Point, at that time of so great strate2:ic value. 

He died in West Dedham, June 1, 1843, aged ninety-one years. 

E. F. C. 


Joel Metcalf was born in Providence, R. I., in 1755; married 
on Dec. 9, 1779, Lucy, daughter of Jabez and Hannah (Bradford) 
Gay, of Attleborough, Mass. His ancestry is v;anted. 

The continuation of the Mann Family, by Mrs. Pickford, will 
appear in the October number. 


The Dedham Historical Register. 

Vol. VII. October, 1896. No. 4. 



By Carlos Sl after. 

"XT^OU doubtless all remember that Robert Burns said of his 
-*- Epistle to a Young Friend, " Perhaps it may turn out a 
song, perhaps a sermon." As I am quite sure my production 
will "turn out a sermon," I have chosen a text which you will 
find on the west face of the Pillar of Liberty, in these words : 
Max ime Patrono Pitt. 

According to the 

T he Pilar of Liberty ^iary of Dr. Nath. 

aniel Ames, these 
v/ords were chis- 
eled in the hard 

Erccid bytKe Son% of iJDerty 

• 4L" \r • 'j^^ graniteon the 11th 

mtnrs Vicinity 10.1 t ^ 

u or 12 th day oi 

Laus DEO REdijetlinmunitat: 
autor ibus q. m aximei atxono 

July, 1766. Their 
author was doubt- 
less Dr. Ames him- 
self, under the 
Pi T T, Oai Remp-uL .riirfumevulfLt. advice, however, of 
Xp -y ^ * the Sons of Lib- 
J: aUCJlniS U rex erty, an assocation, 
or society, whose members were to be found, probably, in all the 
more important towns of the thirteen American Colonies. 

This paper was read at a meeting of tlie Dedham Historical Society, 
held on May 7, 1896. For a full account of the PlMar, hy Erastus Worthington, 
see Anniversary Proceedings of the Town, 188G, pages 170-177, and for a brief 
account see Register, I. 140. A view of the Pillar and bust as they appeared 
in 1802 will be found in Vol. I. page 121. See ais(. Vcl. II. pages 60, 96, 97, 118. 

124 WILLIAM PITT. [Oct. 

"Patrono*', as it is used in this connection, expresses the rela- 
tion in which William Pitt was regarded as standing to the 
American Colonies. The question at once arises whether this 
relation of patron, or protector, was purely voluntary, for which 
no compensation was promised, or expected. I find no intima- 
tion from any source that any hope of reward influenced the 
Great Commoner to espouse the cause of the colonies. But the 
fact that he voluntarily took up their defence, and gave them 
the benefit of his matchless eloquence and wide popularity, made 
them eager to engrave on imperishable stone their acknowledg- 
ment that he was the chief defender of their liberties. 

By the word patrono, then, we are reminded that in a Par- 
liament 3000 miles away, he stood as the one distinguished 
protectoi- of Colonial rights, and was regarded by the colonists 
themselves as having peculiar claims to their confidence and 
affection. The freedmen of ancient Rome had their patrons, 
generally their former masters, to defend their interests : so the 
freemen of America, who had never been, and never could be, 
slaves, looked to William Pitt as their patron, who had now a 
second time rescued them from impending serfdom. Such are 
the ideas suggested by the word ''patrono", which the stone-cutter 
Howard entrusted to the granite block, still remaining to express 
the gratitude of men who then were content to be the subjects 
of a British sovereign. 

An inscription of this import would not have been made at a 
much later day. It was among the later avowals of colonial 
allegiance and loyalty; and as the name of Pitt alone of all the 
great Englishmen of that time was thus honored, it becomes us 
to keep ourselves familiar with a character which was so revered 
both in England and throughout her colonies. To enable us to 
do this, I have collected from various sources some facts of his 
remarkable career, giving special attention and prominence to 
those which connected him with the history of the American 
Colonies and their strus^o-le in defence of their liberties. 

William Pitt belonged to a family "not of great distinction, 
but well respected," that held the suffrage rights of Old Sarum, 

1896.] WILLIA3£ PITT. 125 

which at a later period became the type of rotten boroughs as 
they were represented in parlia^ment. He was born at West- 
minster, November 15, 1708, the second son of Robert Pitt and 
the grandson of Thomas, who was known in England as Diamond 
Pitt. This appellation was applied to him from the fact, that 
when he was governor of Madras, or Fort St. (xeorge, he came 
into possession of what was then supposed to be the largest dia- 
mond known. This stone of the first water weighed 146 carats, 
and he sold it to the Duke of Orleans, Regent of France, for 
£135,000, or about 1675,000. The Pitt diamond was the best 
in quality of all the great diamonds, and when it had afterwards 
been placed in the crown of France was called the Regent. Its 
value was then estimated at 500,000 pounds sterling, or about 
two and a half million dollars. With a part of the proceeds of 
this diamond Thomas Pitt bought the "burgage tenures " of Old 
Sarum, which in plain English means, I suppose, the right of 
representing that borough in the English House of Commons. 
This right, I think, was exercised successively by the grand- 
father, father, and oldest brother of William Pitt, and finally by 
William Pitt himself. Such in brief was the value of the dia- 
mond to the fortunate Pitt family. 

We are reminded very early in our study of Pitt's life that 
he was a genuine Englishman, for he inherited the gout largely ; 
which legacy began to make itself felt even when he was a stu- 
dent at Eton preparing for the University of Oxford. In Jan- 
uary, 1726, he entered Trinity College, but his gout allowed him 
no peace there ; and, before the year had expired, he sought and 
found partial relief in travel on the Continent. The time was 
not lost, however, for he made his excursions useful by studious 
observation of whatever came in his way. His father dying in 
1727, he was obliged to return to England, and, being destitute 
of income, he had to choose a calling by which he could live. 
He obtained a cornet's commission in the dragoons. This gave 
him a support and also furnished him the opportunity and 
inducement to study the nature and system of the military ser- 
vice, and to become acquainted with the personnel of the army 

126 WILLIAM PITT. [Oct. 

and navy, which was doubtless of great value to him in later 

But in 1735, his older brother having been chosen to the 
House of Commons from another borough, William Pitt took the 
seat for Old Sarum. While in one sense he represented nobody, 
for Old Sarum was then a deserted borough, in another sense he 
represented himself, a force that was some day to sway all Eng- 
land. He soon made his influence felt in opposition to the gov- 
ernment headed b}^ Robert Walpole. So, to cripple his young 
opponent. Sir Robert took awa}^ the cornet's commission, a most 
unwise step, which confirmed Pitt's opposition, and even sharp- 
ened it into personal hostilit}^ The Prince of Wales, the leader 
of the opposition to Walpole, as an offset made the young com- 
moner an officer of his household, which brought him an 
income that more than compensated for the loss of his cornet's 

Pitt had now reached a position for which nature had de- 
signed him. Oratory liad no better field at that day than the 
English House of Commons. Speeches were made there to in- 
fluence its proceedings; not, as our congressional harangues, to 
fill the newspapers and be read by the speaker's constituents. 
For that kind of speaking William Pitt had every qualification. 
Adopting the language of another, " He had all the natural 
gifts an orator could desire, a commanding presence, a graceful 
bearing, an eye of piercing brightness, and a voice of the utmost 
flexibility." But he had more substantial qualities than these. 
A fervent zeal and intense earnestness of soul beamed from 
every feature. A burning love of liberty, as Englishmen then 
understood it, and the most intense patriotism glowed in all his 
speeches. The welfare of the people and the glory of the em- 
pire formed the base line of all his doctrines and all his meas- 
ures. He aimed at grand results and could make his hearers 
anticipate them and commit themselves to their achievement. 

Mr. Pitt's speeches were, from the necessity of the times, 
very imperfectly reported. Dr. Samuel Johnson wrote down, 
and probably more than half composed, some of them for the 

1890.] WILLIAM PITT. 127 

Gentleman's Magazine. As an example of these we have the 
reply of Pitt to Walpole's sneers at his youth ; the substance is 
doubtless the orator's, the words are in the style of the famous 
reporter. Pitt's oj)position to Walpole resulted in that stateman's 
ceasing to be Prime Minister in 1742. Macaulay intimates that 
the conduct of Mr. Pitt was unjustly severe, and scarcely honor- 
able ; but we may not pause to discuss that charge. 

Pitt was still a poor man ; but in 1744 he was surprised to 
receive a legacy of X 10,000 from the estate of the Duchess of 
Marlborough. This gift was perhaps as expressive of her hatred 
of Walpole as of her admiration of the great commoner. How- 
ever, it was given, according to the words of her will, " upon ac- 
count of his merit in the noble defence he has made, for the 
support of the laws of England, and to prevent the ruin of his 

The king did not conceal his dislike of the man who had so 
boldly attacked the corruption and inefficiency of his ministers ; 
he persistently refused to give Mr. Pitt any position in the gov- 
ernment till the year 1746. But in February of that year Pitt 
was made Vice-Treasurer of Ireland ; and in the following June 
he was appointed Paymaster General of the king's forces. These 
offices gave Mr. Pitt an opportunity to display his public spirit 
and his integrity. Refusing to profit, as previous treasurers and 
paymasters had done, by three or four thousand pounds annually 
the interest of money lying in his hands and by one half per 
cent on all foreign subsidies, his conduct created that puhlic 
confidence which was the mainspring of Pitt's power as a states- 
man. No one before his day had refused these perquisites of 
office, and his subordinates were amazed at his disinterestedness 
and self-denial. It was soon everywhere known, and it estab- 
lished a popularity seldom, if ever, equalled in England. 

It would involve too many particulars, and call for too many 
explanations to follow William Pitt's career in all its mutations, 
its ups and downs, its successes and reverses. In his first expe- 
rience as Secretary of State in 1750, his power was so limited 
and thwarted by his associates in office, and his sovereign^ that 

128 WILLIAM PITT. [Oct. 

all good results were neutralized; and in 1756 he was dismissed 
for opposing the king's Continental, or perhaps we should say, 
Hanoverian policy. Yet this did not impair his popularity. 
Throughout England the chief towns "voted him addresses and 
the freedom of their corporations." 

The government Avas soon beset by difficulties and discour- 
agements : the voice of the discarded minister, as might be 
expected, did not cease to be heard in disparagement of its meas- 
ures. But in the course of time, after many weeks of negotia- 
tion, an arrangement was made between the Duke of Newcastle 
and Mr. Pitt, the former to be the nominal, the latter the virtual 
head of the Government. The foreign affairs of the realm were 
entirel}^ at the great commoner's disposal. This celebrated ad- 
ministration extended from June, 1757, to October, 1761, a little 
more than four years, "during which," to borrow the language 
of another, "the biography of Pitt is the history of England." 

In an interview with King George 11. at the opening of his 
official term, Mr. Pitt said, " Sire, give me your confidence and 
I will deserve it." To which the king replied, "Deserve my con- 
fidence and you shall have it." 

The public service, especially the military, soon felt the touch 
and pressure of Pitt's hand. He chose able men to command, 
and then gave them earnest and effective support. Said Sir 
James Porter, an experienced diplomat of long service, " Dur- 
ing Mr. Pitt's administration there was such accurate knowledge 
and such an active spirit to be seen in all the departments of 
state, and in all the concerns of the government, and such a 
striking alteration of manner, as well as in the matter, of official 
communications, that these circumstances alone would have per- 
fectly convinced me of Mr. Pitt's appointment, even if I had 
received no other notice of the event." 

Another high authority saj^s : " While in office he held no 
levees, and acquired no possessions, but dedicated his whole time 
to the duties of his station." 

To Americans the most important work of Pitt's administra- 
tion was the conquest of Canada. Omitting all account of his 

1896.] WILLI A 31 PITT. 129 

success in the Indies b}^ the agency of Lord Clive, and his per- 
formance in Europe by effectually aiding and securing the suc- 
cess of Frederic the Great, the results of his administration in 
America might be given in the following order: In 1758 Louis- 
burg and St. John were taken, and Forts Frontenac and Du 
Quesne subdued. In 1759 Niagara, Ticonderoga, and Crown 
Point were taken, and as the crowning event of the year, the 
army of Montcalm was defeated and Quebec captured. Montreal 
was the prize of the campaign of 1760. This completed his first 
rescue of the Colonies from destruction, " faucibus orci." The 
next year, the last of his administration, he destroyed the French 
power in India and annihilated the French marine, capturing or 
destroying 44 ships of the line, carrying 50 to 84 guns each, and 
26 sloops of war, of 8 to 18 guns each. That was the time when 
to love England meant fierce hatred of France. 

The blotting out of the French power in America left the 
Colonies here in perfect security and content. Consequently 
William Pitt was without a rival in their esteem and affections. 
With reason they might style him Patronus, or Patronus 
Maxim us. 

It is interestino^ to imao^ine Pitt's feelino-s as he beheld the 
fruits or results of his labors. He had planned the emancipation 
of America from French power and influence, and he now saw it 
as an Empire disenthralled. He desired to unite it to the mother 
country as a grand bulwark of her power and glor}^ He had 
indulged in noble visions of the future, and now he saw them 
advancing to become realities. 

The most valuable part of North America, the great bulk of 
it in fact, was to make the greater England if wisdom marked 
the counsels of the British government. Pitt saw and felt deeply 
all this, and the vision took possession of his great soul and was 
the last theme of his eloquence. 

But, although the power of this master hand in the govern- 
ment had borne such noble fruits, it was near its end. George 
the Third came to the throne in 1760. He thoroughly disliked 
William Pitt. Bute was his favorite, and was soon made Secre- 

130 WILLIA3f PITT. [Oct. 

taiy of State. Pitt ceased to control tlie foreign affairs, and 
resigned his office in October, 1761. A historian of the time 
attributed his fall to "the corruption and avarice of such as paid 
homage to the distribution of rewards;" but he also adds, 
" although proscribed in the Court of his sovereign, he main- 
tained a place in the hearts of the people." 

Discouraged by the treatment received from the king, and 
broken in health, My. Pitt took no active part in politics for 
several years, seklom even appearing in parliament. But the 
expenses of the government in prosecuting the successful cam- 
paigns of his administration furnished the excuse for attempting 
to raise a revenue from the American Colonies; and in 1765, 
when Pitt was confined in his sick bed, the Stamp Act was 
passed. The excitement which the news of its passing occa- 
sioned in the Colonies was a great surprise to the friends of the 
measure. At first this hostility was regarded as too unreasonable 
to last, and a swift return to quiet acquiescence was generally 
looked for. But no abatement of the hostility v/as seen. An 
active and violent opposition was developed in all the Colonies, 
and a few months later the necessity of its repeal was urged 
upon the parliament. Pitt then reappeared in the Plouse of 
Clommons contending that it was unconstitutional to tax the 

Under date of March 31, 1766, Dr. Ames wrote in his diary 
as follows: ''Mr. Pitt, that best of men & true patriot, engaged 
in behalf of America." Had his aid and influence been solicited ? 
As Dr. Franklin was then in London, it is not unreasonable to 
suppose that the man^ who could call down the lightnings from 
the clouds of heaven, did what he could to enlist in the cause of 
the Colonies the fiery eloquence of Mr. Pitt. But, however that 
may have been, the great commoner was earnest and bold in 
advocating the repeal. 

In reference to disorders caused by attempts to enforce the 
Act in Boston and elsewhere, he said, " I rejoice that America 
has resisted. Three millions of people so dead to all the feelings 
of liberty as voluntarily to submit to be slaves, are fit instru- 

1896.J WILLIA3£ PITT. 131 

ments to make slaves of all the rest." Later on he used these 
remarkable words : " The Americans have been wronged. They 
have been driven to madness by your injustice. Will you pun- 
ish them for the madness which you yourselves have occasioned." 
As a result of his efforts, seconded and supported by an out- 
spoken popular sympathy for America, the Stamp Act was 
repealed, and King George gave his assent to the act of repeal 
March 18, 1766. How the news of that repeal was received in 
this town, and how it was commemorated, I need not relate. 

Another period of enforced rest and inactivit}^ threatened 
Mr. Pitt, and the king took a new method of destroying his 
influence. Wm. Pitt was an Englishman; and you need not be 
told that few Englishmen can refuse a title of nobility. By con- 
fering an Earldom on Mr. Pitt, George III. took an easy method 
of removing him from the House of Commons, his appropriate 
field of action. 

Although this did not, so far as we can discover, change or 
vitiate Mr. Pitt's principles, or corrupt his political ideas ; but it 
did destroy his popularity. As Earl of Chatham he lost that influ- 
ence which the name of Pitt everywhere carried with it. In the 
words of his biographer: "By accepting a peerage, he lost as 
much and as suddenly in popularity as he gained in dignity." 

As an illustration of this sudden change in the popular feel- 
ing, we have the fact that a banquet in honor of Wm. Pitt was 
in preparation, to be given in the city of London. But as soon 
as it was known that he had become Earl of Chatham, the grand 
entertainment was at once abandoned. 

But he was now so infirm in health, that under any circum- 
stances, he could have taken little part in public life. After a 
long season of confirmed and helpless invalidism, he resumed 
his seat in the House of Lords in the autumn of :1770, and his 
voice was again raised in opposition to the government's policy 
in respect to America. He urged the entire repeal of the Rev- 
enue Act of Charles Townsend. Lord North, on account of a 
petition from the merchants and traders of London, moved a 
partial relief ; but he declared that the duty on tea " must be 

132 WILL1A31 PITT. [Oct. 

retained as a mark of siipremacy of Parliament and the efficient 
declaration of the right to govern the Colonies." So the duty 
on tea was continued, the result doubtless of the persistency of 
George the Third, who was over-anxious to maintain the prerog- 
atives of his sovereignty. 

Lord Chatham's interest in the Colonies did not abate. In 
1771 he said, "Were I ten years younger, or in good health, I 
would spend the remainder of mj^ da3^s in America." This seems 
to imply something more tlian interest ; in fact, something akin 
to admiration. 

In more than one conversation he was heard to say, "America 
would prove a staff to support the aged arm of Britain, the oak 
upon which she might hereafter lean, shielded and protected by 
filial duty and affection; but his majesty's confidential advisers 
want to cut down the oak and plant their favorite weed of un- 
conditional surrender." 

In 1774 Lord Chatham, moved to withdraw the troops from 
Boston, assigning as his reason for this and other motions favor- 
ing the withdrawal of troops and ending the conflict, that " the 
mother country liad been the aggressor from the beginning." 
Though some pronounced his language seditious, it produced 
no effect on his persistency in opposing the Colonial policy of 
the king and his ministers. 

On the 27th of May, 1774, he said: "I sincerely believe the 
destroying of the tea was the effect of despair." Also on the 
same occasion : " This, my Lords, has always been my received 
and unalterable opinion, and I shall carry it to my grave, that 
this country had no right under heaven to tax America." 

The address of the Continental Congress to the people of 
Great Britain in 1774, ends thus : " Place us in the same situ- 
ation that we were in at the close of the last war (that is in 
1762), and our former harmony will be restored." About the 
same time Lord Chatham wrote : " I fear the bond of union be- 
tween us and America will be cut off forever. Devoted England 
will then have seen her best days, which nothing can restore 

1896.] WILLIAIf PITT. 133 

On Jan. 20, 1775, Lord Chatham moved an address to the 
king, asking for the removal of the troops from Boston; 
and in reference to acts of Parliament, shutting up the port of 
Boston and altering the charter of Massachusetts Bay, he used 
these words : " I say we must necessarily undo these violent 
and offensive acts. They must be repealed : you will repeal 
them. I pledge myself for it, you will in the end repeal them. I 
stake my reputation on it. I will consent to be taken for an 
idiot if they are not finally repealed." 

On February 1st, 1775, Lord Chatham offered a bill for 
quieting the troubles in America. It relinquished all right of 
taxing the Colonies, repealed all obnoxious laws, and secured 
just rights of trial and also the authority of the Parliament. 
This pacification bill was of course rejected ; but the people took, 
it up, and the Corporation of London thanked Chatham and his 
supporters. But troubles increased, and instead of pacification, 
the British king and ministry chose the arbitrament of war. For 
a while all opposition seemed to be useless. 

And yet Lord Chatham did not abandon hope of saving the 
Colonies. On the 13th of May, 1777, he made a motion to dis- 
continue the war in America, and said in support of it : "I mean 
the redress of all their grievances, and the right of disposing of 
their own money, leaving them in the same condition they were 
in before 1763, when they were entirely happy and contented." 
His efforts were of no avail, •' madness ruled the hour." 

But Chatham did not change. Lord Percy moved an ad- 
dress, Nov. 18, 1777, in which the prosecution of the American 
war was recommended. This Chatham opposed in a noble 
speech, in which he employed these memorable words : ''My 
Lords, you cannot conquer America. Were I an American as I 
am an Englishman, while a foreign troop was landed in my 
country, I never would lay down my arms, never, never, never." 

Soon after this it became evident that the French, the na- 
tion which William Pitt had humbled and driven from America, 
would go to the aid of the Colonies. No wonder this stirred 
his indignation ; and when the Duke of Bedford, on the 7th of 

134 WILLIAM PITT. [Oct. 

April, 1778, moved an address to the king, in which the neces- 
sity of finally admitting the independence of America was insin- 
uated, Chatham, feeble and emaciated, had with much difficulty 
come in to hear the address. 

The dismemberment of the kingdom through French influ- 
ence and interference, troubled him exceedingly. He rose to 
speak with great difficult3^ The opening of his speech was hardly 
audible ; but he raised his voice to something like his early vigor 
as he said, '' Shall this great kingdom, that has survived whole 
and entire the Danish depredations, the Scottish inroads, and 
the Norman conquest, and has withstood the threatened invasion 
of the Spanish Armada, now fall prostrate before the House of 
Bourbon? Surely, my Lords, this nation is no longer what it 
was I Shall a people that seventeen years ago was the terror of 
the world now stoop so low as to say to its ancient, inveterate 
enemy, ' Take all we have; only give us peace'? It is im- 

Apparently much exhausted by this effort he took his seat, 
and Lord Temple suggested to him that he had forgotton to 
speak of the plan which he had communicated to him and was 
intending to urge upon the government, namely, to make such 
an impression upon France in Europe, that she would be unable 
to aid the Colonies ; and then to offer such a plan of union with 
the Americans as would reconcile them to the mother country 
and save the unity of the British Empire. Lord Chatham replied 
that he would speak again on those points. 

The Duke of Richmond spoke briefly in reply, when Lord 
Chatham attempted to rise again. But after two or three unsuc- 
cessful efforts he fainted and fell into his chair; or, as some say, 
fell down in an apoplectic fit. He was carried out in an insen- 
sible condition, and was removed immediately to his private villa 
at Hayes, wdiere he languished till the eleventh of May, 1778. 

Col. Barre communicated the new^s of his death to the House 
of Commons. On this occasion all appearance of party was 
extinguished by the general sadness, and Col. Barre at once 
moved, "That an humble address be presented. 'That his 

1896.J W1LLIA31 PITT. 135 

Majesty will be generously pleased to give directions that the 
remains of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, be interred at the 
public expense, and that a monument be erected in the collegiate 
church of St. Peter, Westminster, to the memory of that great 
and excellent statesman, bearing an inscription expressive of the 
sentiments of the people on so great and irreparable a loss." 

Lord North came in while this motion was reading ; and, on 
learning what the proposals were, expressed his regret at not 
having been present to make the motion himself. The motion 
was agreed to unanimously. 

Lord John Cavendish proposed in the House of Lords " that 
ample provision be made for the family of the man who had, 
whilst in the nation's service, neglected his own affairs and never 
availed himself of the greatest opportunities of enriching 

Appropriate eulogies were pronounced in both Houses of 
Parliament; and one speaker, referring to his last hours, said, 
" His whole study, his whole employment, his only attention 
were the exaltation of his country and the humiliation of her 
enemies. He grieved at the prohibition laid on the execution of 
his plans ; and he died in an effort to preserve the dominion of 
a continent wliich he had in part acquired, and would have 
wholly secured to the British name forever." 

I will add to this the words of an unknown author, who 
seems to have given in two sentences a good explanation of Pitt's 
mighty influence. " He was the first to discern that public opin- 
ion, though slow to form, and slow to act, is in the end the pai^- 
amount 2^oicer in the state, and he was the first to use it, not in 
an emergency merely, but throughout a whole political career. 
To the people of England and her Colonies, he was endeared, 
as a statesman who could do, or suffer nothing base : and he had 
the rare power of transfusing his own indomitable energy and 
courage into all who served under him.^^ 

This paper, ladies and gentlemen, to which you have listened, 
I fear, at the expense of much patience, is the result of an effort 
to satisfy myself that the Sons of Liberty bestowed on the name 


of William Pitt no empty or undeserved honor. I liave been 
gratified in finding that Mr. Pitt never, as some have assumed, 
ceased to favor the liberties and respect the rights of the Amer- 
ican Colonies. He evidently desired to embody them in the 
British Empire, giving them equal powers and privileges with 
their brethren in England. He never proposed to conquer them, 
or thought it possible. He would have resisted and de- 
stroj^ed the power of France in Europe, and then would have 
won back the alienated Colonies by a restoration of all their 
rights, and thus made them a contented and happ}^ part of the 
Empire which he had so loyally served, and which he desired 
so much to aggrandize and exalt. 


By George Kuhn Clarke. 

In 1781, 1790-99, 1801-04, 1808-12, 1817, 1818, 1820, 1822, 
1828, 1829, Aaron Smith was selectman of the town of Needham ; 
but as there were at least three of that name in town from 1776 
to 1797 or 1798, it has been exceedingly difficult to identify the 
selectman. For years the writer has tried to discover signatures 
which would solve the problem, but has had small success. All 
the available evidence having been collected, it seems worth 
while to preserve it, and to state the conclusions reached. 

It will not be inappropriate to antedate the period in ques- 
tion, and to mention briefly Ensign Aaron Smith, who was 
selectman in 1737, 1740, 1742, 1744 and 1747-51, nine years, 
and who died April 15, 1776, aged 77, and whose gravestone is 
inscribed with the title of Lieutenant (see Register, IL 23). 
He was perhaps a shoemaker as well as a farmer, and lived on 
or near what is now South Street, not far from its junction with 
High Rock Street. He left a widow, Martha, but no children, 
and devised a portion of his estate, and all the rest of it after 
the decease of his wife, to his "well beloved Cousin Aaron 
Smith of Killingly in the County of Windom and in the 


Colony of Connecticut," who had already a deed of one-half of 
his homestead, subject to the life-rights of himself and wife. This 
homestead consisted of thirty-four acres, with house, barn and 
shops, and he had twelve acres " at a place called the Plain," 
three acres of swail, and two acres of woodland at Mill Brook ; 
total, fifty-one acres. 

The " Cousin " Aaron Smith was named as executor, and 
signed the bond as Aaron Smith Junr. He was the nephew of 
the lieutenant, although called " Cousin " in his uncle's will. He 
came to Needham in season to march to Lexington as one of the 
East Company, Capt. Robert Smith, April 19, 1775, and brought 
back the body of Elisha Mills, killed at West Cambridge, and 
married the widow, Deborah Mills, as his second wife. The 
eldest child of Aaron and Sarah Smith was Sarah, born in Kil- 
lingly, 1769, and a son, Aaron, born there May 13, 1773, was 
perhaps the Aaron Smith Junr of Needham, who married, July 
19, 1795, Grace Gay of Dedham. The youngest of the family, 
Polly, was born in Needham in 1776. A town treasurer's book 
contains the following : — 

Pd By order of the Selectmen that was Paid in the War 

To M'^ Aaron Smith Jun^^6. 
1777 To Aaron Smith Jun'^;^62. 10^ 8^. 

To Aaron Smith Jun^ £3. 12. 

To Aaron Smith 3d £Q. 13. 4 

To Aaron Smith Jun'^ 8^ 

To Capn Aaron Smith ;^12. 6 8 
1779 To Cap'^ Aaron Smith ^30. 

The Aaron who came from Killingly called himself "Junr " 
for many years, and is probably the one referred to above. 
Aaron Smith 3d was perhaps the Captain's son. 

There are many town orders in favor of Capn Aaron Smith 
and of Aaron Smith Junr, but none of them assist this research. 
On March 12,1781, the town chose five selectmen, as usual, and 
fourth in the list was Cap'^ Aaron Smith "refused to serve." 

The fifth was Mr. Aaron Smith Junr, and as the selectmen 
were elected singly in those days he may have been the Captain's 


son Aaron, then twenty-five years of age, chosen after the 
father's refusal to serve was announced, but there was a vacancy 
which was filled in April. In all probability it was Aaron, for- 
merly of Killingiy, "Hawk" Aaron, as he was called. I think 
that " Hawk " Aaron was the Aaron Smith Junr appointed by 
the town April 3, 1786, and again November 22, 1790, to serve 
on an important committee, which included Capt. Aaron Smith, 
and that in 1787 he was assessor together Avith the Captain. 
" Hawk" Aaron may have been assessor other years, but prob- 
ably not man}^ He was undoubtedly on the committee for the 
Great Plain School District in 1791, 94, 95 and 97, and in the 
latter year, though still called Junr by the town clerk, he signed 
without the Junr, if the record is correct. He seems to have 
dropped the Junr about the time that Aaron of the West Parish 
did, that is, very soon after the death of the Captain, which is 

Aaron Smith Junr "drew" pew number 7 in the East Meet- 
ing house, December 15, 1778, and in 1783, the Parish warrant 
is directed to him as "Constable of the First Parish," November 
3, 1786, Aaron Smith was chosen by the First Parish one of a 
committee "to report what shall be Voted for the Rev'^ M'" 
West" and Mr. Aaron Smith was chosen on a "Committee to 
reckon with the Ct.-mmittee that was Chose to Build the meeting 
House in this Parish," and the report as to the latter matter was 
signed Aaron Smith Junr, according to the record. In 1787 Mr. 
Aaron Smith was collector for the south side of the East Parish. 

On September 22, 1788, the First Parish chose Mr. Aaron 
Smith Junr one of " a Committee to make inspection into the 
pews that are sold and not paid for," and November 20, 1788, 
Mr. Aaron Smith Junr was one of the committee " to Settle eney 
matters between the Rev'^ M^ West and the Parish," "To Pro- 
vide Preaching," "To take care of the Churcli land." On March 
16, 1789, and February 26, 1793, he was placed on a committee 
" to hold a conference with a Committee that might be Chosen 
in the West Parish," and April 20, " to find out what y^ Parish 
is in Debt." September 21, 1789, he appears to have been made 


chairman of an important committee, and again, October 5, 
1789. On March 1, 1791, Aaron Smith, Jr., is the first named 
of the three men chosen Parish Committee, and March 19, 1792, 
he was re-elected. In 1796 and 1797 he was on the committee to 
reckon with the parish treasurer, and the Junr does not appear 
in the record, even where the name is signed to a report. 1797 
is the last year that the name of Aaron Smith or of Aaron Smith 
Junr is found in the parish records, and about that time " Hawk " 
Aaron conveyed his property in Needham and returned to Kil- 
lingly. He was presumably the man referred to in the parish 
records quoted, and who served on various committees not men 
tioned above. 

Captain Aaron Smith of the West Parish was born in Need- 
ham, March 28, 1730, died there December 4, 1795, and was son 
of Jonathan Smith. Capt. Smith commanded the West Com- 
pany, April 19, 1775, and served later in the Revolution, receiv- 
ing compensation therefor, as before noted, in 1777 and 1779. 
For many years he was often on important committees appointed 
by the town, particularly during the war. In 1783 and 1789 
he was selectman, and was assessor several years. 

Aaron Smith Junr of the West Parish was born in Needham 
October 5, 1756, and died there April 26, 1833, and was son of 
Capt. Aaron and Beulah. The son was in his father's company 
on the day of Lexington, and is probably the Aaron Smith 3d 
named in the town records. Aaron Smith Junr was selectman 
1790-95, and Aaron Smith 1796-98. After 1795, the year that 
Capt. Smith died, the selectman ceased to sign as "Junr." 

The writer has no doubt that Aaron of the West Parish was 
the selectman, 1790-97, rather than "tiawk '' Aaron, but there 
is perhaps a question as to which it v\^as. The signatures of 
Aaron Smith Junr, selectman in 1791, and of Aaron Smith, se- 
lectman in 1798, have been found, and xvqxq apparently written 
by the same hand. 

On March 12, 1798, and again in 1799, Aaron Smith Junr 
was chosen constable, the latter year being designated for the 
West Parish. In 1799 he was elected selectman, but did not 
sign as Junr according to the record, Aaron Smith Junr was 

140 JfANX FAMILY. [Oct. 

chosen tythingman in 1800. Aaron Smith was selectman in 
1801-04, 1808-12, 1817-18, 1820, 1822, 1828, 1829, and is called 
'* Esq." in the town records in 1828 and 1829. People no^Y liv- 
ing recall him as " Squire " Smitli, and inform me that in his 
latter years, perhaps for many years, he lived in a house now 
owned by Mr. H. H. Hunnewell, and situated on the right side 
of Washington street in Wellesley. His home was the second 
house after crossing the brook going towards Natick. 

For many years he was an assessor, town treasurer 1822-24, 
delegate to the constitutional convention, and in 1827 represen- 
tative to the General Court. He certainly was selectman 1798- 
99, 1801-04, 1808-12, 1817-18, 1820, 1822, 1828 and 1829, 
seventeen years, and appears to have been the only Aaron Smith 
in town. The writer believes him to have also held that office 
1790-97, which would make twenty-five years service as select- 
man. If Smitli had been " East,'* the West Parish would have 
had but one of the five selectmen during several of the years 
from 1790 to 1797, which is improbable. Squire Smith left no 
son, but until recently his daughters were living. 


Compiled by 

Anxa Maria (Tolmax) Pickford. 

{Continued from pacje 65.) 

10. AxNA MaeiA', second daughter (twin) of Herman 
and Sarah Mann, was born in Dedham, September 7 1805; 
married, first. May 1, 1828, David Stone, wheelwright, son of 
Thomas and Hannah Stone, of Framingham. He died June 25, 
1889; buried in Dedham.. She married, secondly, September 
19, 1844, Benjamin Howland Otis, carpenter and inventor. He 
was the son of Prince and Hannah Otis, of Scituate. She died 
October 28, 1872, in Havana, Illinois. Children : — 

Sarah HAVNES^ b. in Dedham, Jan. 28, 1830; m. 1st, 
Solon C. Harris, of Cleveland, Ohio, Oct. 17, 1848. He 
d. March 13, 1855. She m. 2dly Alexander Burton 

1896.] MANN FAMILY. 141 

Wilcox, May 31, 1857. He d. July 1, 1893. She d- 
June 5, 1895. Both buried in Lowell. 

Ellen Maria^, b. Dec. 14, 1832, in Dedham ; m. Louis 
B. Caldwell, Nov. 25, 1857 ; d. Sept. 28, 1866, in Syra- 
cuse, N. Y. He was b. 1837, in Providence, R. I. 

Edward Howland^, son of Anna Maria (Mann-Stone) 
and Benjamin Howland Otis, b. in Syracuse, N. Y., 
Sept. 29, 1846; d. March 6, 1864. 

11, Lydia Sophias third daughter of Herman and Sarah 
(Haynes) Mann, was b. in Dedham, September 7, 1805; m. 
March 30, 1831, in Dedham, John Broad, son of John and 
Lucy (Broad) Tolman. She d. in Lynn, Aug. 24, 1891. See 
Tolman Genealogy, ante, V. 176; VI. 28. He built in 1839-10 
the house now standing on the corner of Spruce and Washing- 
ton Streets, Dedham, and owned by Elijah Howe, Jr. In April, 
1848, he sold it and returned to Lynn. Children : 

FRANCIS^ b. March 3, 1832; d. June 25, 1838. 
Theodore^ b. June 7, 1835 ; d. July 31, 1838. Both buried 
in Dedham. 
15. Anna Maria^, b. April 20, 1838, in Lynn; m. Deacon 
Charles Jarvis Pickford. 

13. Lucia NarcissaS fourth daughter of Herman and 
Sarah Mann, was b. Nov. 7, 1807, in Dedham : m. March 30, 
1831, Reuben Sumner Wilson, carpenter. He was b. Nov. 27, 
1805, and d. Nov. 20, 1874. She d. Oct. 12, 1874. Burled in 
Dedham, old Cemetery. Children, all born in Dedham: — 

Emily Lovering^, b. Jan 1, 1832; m. Oct. 9, 1862, Ralph 
Tucker, carpenter, b. in Needham, Nov. 30, 1822. Re- 
side in Dedham, Mass. 

Edward Herman^ b. Dec. 13, 1835; d. April 18, 1837. 

Isabel^, b. June 9, 1837 : d. Sept. 9, 1839. 

Mary IsABEL^ b. Sept. 7, 1842 ; m. Dec. 8, 1864, John D. 
Andrews. Reside in Cambridgeport, Mass. 

George Edward^ b. Dec. 22, 1844; m. March 31, 1885, 
Janette D. Higby. She was b. Aug. 9, 1847. Reside 
in Dedham. Child, Sumner Wilson^ b. July 9, 1847. 

William HERMAN^ b. Dec. 11, 1845 : d. Aug. 20, 1849. 

142 MANN FAMILY. [Oct. 

13. Edwaed"", sixth son of Herman and Sarali Mann, was 
born in Dedliam, July 15, 1810 ; m. Oct. 17, 1834, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Stephen and Mary Perkins, of Olney, Maine. She 
was born Feb. 10, 1813, and died Oct. 30, 1842. He died Oct. 
29, 1848, in Worcester. Both buried in Dedhani. " Mr. Edward 
Mann was a gentleman of refined taste with a penchant for 
poetr}^," Norfolk County Gazette, October 30, 1842. His writ- 
ings, both of poetry and prose, of which there were many, have 
never been found since his death. Children, born in Dedham: — 

Helen Elizabeth^, b. July 15, 1835; m. John Haynes, 
March 27, 1873. He was b. May 30, 1830. Reside in 
Cambridgeport, Mass. 

Emily Perkins^ b. May 13, 18 ; m. Addison H. Rams- 
dell, Dec. 25, 1844. They reside in Medway, Mass., in 
which place Mrs. Ramsdell was for many years reporter 
for the West Medway Gazette and Medway Sentinel. 
She had also written for the Dedham Gazette, both 
prose and poetr}-, and for several Sunday School papers. 

14. Fkanklin', seventh son of Herman and Sarah Mann, 
was born in Dedham, May 28, 1813 ; m. Dec. [ ], 1884, Mari- 
anna, daughter of Lemuel and Laura Davenport, of Hanover, 
N. H. She was born Feb. 3, 1814; d. [ ]. He died Oct. 
25, 1881. Both buried in Brooklyn, N. Y. His business was 
marbleing paper and books. Children : — 

FRANKLIN^ b. Sept. 7, 1835; d. Sept. 6, 1844. 

Alfred^, b. Sept. 27, 1839 ; d. Dec. 27, 1830 ; both b. in 

Laura DAVENPORT^ b. Sept. 12, 1850; d. June 18, 1876. 

Buried in Brookl3'n, N. Y. 
Anna Maria", b. Dec. 23, 1852. 

15. Anna Maria^, only daughter" of John Broad and 
Lydia Sophia (Mann) Tolman, was b. in Lynn, April 20, 1838; 
m. Deacon Charles eTarvis Pickford in that city Sept. 28, 1864. 
He was b. May 24, 1833, at Kennebunk, Maine, and was the 
second son of John Kay Livermore and Elizabeth (Shei^ard) 
Pickford. From 1836 to 1864 his home was in Worcester, Mass. 
He united with the Pleasant Street Baptist Church in that 

1896.] MANN FAMILF 143 

place Feb. 2, 1857. Was superintendent of its Sunday SchooL 
Moved to Lynn in 1864 and engaged in the shoe business under 
the firm name of Winslow & Pickford, and shortly after estab- 
lished himself in the real estate and insurance business as Wood- 
bury & Co., and later as Silsbee & Pickford. 

He retired some years ago from active business, on account 
of the failure of his health. He has been connected with many 
religious and philanthropic movements, being a deacon of the 
Washington Street Baptist Church, Lynn, superintendent of the 
Sunday School for five years ; also a member of the standing 
committee of the church. He was a member of and chairman of 
the Tolman Temperance Fund Committee of the Y. M. C. A. of 
Lynn, and a trustee of the Baptist Theological Seminary of 
Richmond, Va. He was a man of wide influence for good," with 
a bright, active mind, keen in all its workings, a tender sympa- 
thetic heart, a nature whose primal instincts were to respond to 
every worthy call. In society he would be called a courteous 
gentleman ; in travel, a most enjoyable companion ; in business, 
energetic, prompt, far seeing, genuinely reliable ; in conversa- 
tion and conference, original in his point of view and fresh in 
his method and form of presentation." " He was a member of 
the New England Historic Genealogical Society, and was elected 
a member of the Massachusetts Society of Colonial Wars, Feb- 
ruary, 1895. His ancestors in the Pickford family were the 
noted family of that name in England, who were in business as 
carriers in the middle of the last century in England. 

On the paternal side Mr. Pickford was descended from the 
Livermore family, and through them, by intermarriage, with the 
Harrington, Ward, Stone, Hager and Flagg families, a descend- 
ant of early Watertown settlers. His mother was Elizabeth 
Shepard, a descendant of Ralph Shepard, and her mother a 
Goulding, from the Gouldings of Worcester County, a family 
which intermarried with the Palmer, Rice and other well known 
families of that county. Through marriages with the Pickfords 
in England, Mr. Pickford's ancestry included the Kay and other 
families in the gentry of Lancashire. He died in Brookline, 

144 MANN' FAMILY. [Oct. 

Mass., June 7, 1895. Buried in Pine Grove Cemetery, Lynn, 
Mass. Child :— 

16. Alice Tolman®, b. June 4, 1868; m. Louis Gadner, son 

of Christopher and Abbie Ann (Gee) Brockway, Oct. 

29, 1891. See Tolman genealogy. Child : Richmal 

Fickford^\, b. Dec. 3, 1892; d. Dec. 7, 1892; buried in 

Pine Grove Cemetery, Lynn. 

Ninth Generation, 
Children of Henry Augustus^ and Mercy (Gage) Mann : — 
George Herman^ b. [ ]; d. [ ] 1864. 

Clarence A.^ b. Dec. 28, 1850. 
Children of Benjamin and Sarah^ (Mann) Swasey: — 

Elizabeth Manx^, b. Jan. 30, 1847; m. Hiram Lord of 

Newburyport, Jan. 7, 1868. 
Edward SMITH^ b. May 21, 1850; d. March 21, 1851. 
Carrie Herman®, b. Feb. 8, 1852 ; m. Geo. W. Dickey 

of Portsmouth, Dec. 6, 1874; he d. May 25, 1893. 
Edward Franklin®, b. Nov. 3, 1854; d. Feb. 1884. 
Alice Mary®, b. Aug. 1, 1857. 

Children of Charles B. and Charlotte^ (Mann) Ewer, all 
born in Dedham : — 

Mary Isabel®, b. Oct. 19, 1844; m. James Kennedy of 
England, Aug. 23, 1877: d. May 10, 1878. 

Alfred®, b. Feb. 28, 1845; m, Nov. 17, 1870, Elsie L. 

Lily®, b. March 8, 1852; m. John H.Wright, Dec. 24, 
1875; d. March 11, 1876. 

Children of Charles and Charlotte^ (Ewer) Russell : — 

Elmer®, b. in Dedham, June 2, 1861 ; m. Elizabeth A. 
Hewins, Sept. 19, 1889. Their child, F/iilip Alden^^'h. 
July 13, 1892. 
John Irvin®, b. in Dedham, May 5, 1864. 
Children of Alexander and Sarali^ (Stone) Wilcox : — 

George Stratton, b. Oct. 27, 1860 ; d. Feb. 18, 1888, in 
Lowell, Mass. 

1896.] THE AMES DIARY. 145 

Frederick Alexander*^, b. Aug. 20, 1862 ; m. Emma 
Stratton, Jan. n, 1882. She was b. Jan 3, 1802. Reside- 
in Lowell. 
Child of Louis B. and Ellen« (Stone) Colwell :— 

Frank M^, b. Aug. 25, 1859, in Havana, III; m. Oct. 2a, 
1880, Jennie E. Whitmer. She was b. June 25, 1859,in 
Auburn, N. Y. Reside in Auburn, N. Y. 
Children of Ralph and Emily^ (Wilson) Tucker, all born in 
Dedham : — 

Frank Wilson^ b. Jan. 14, 1806. 
Charles Herman^, b. March 5, 1868. 
Children of John D. and Mary^ (Wilson) Andrews, bom 
Dedham : — 

George Edward^ b. Nov. 28, 1865. 
William Henr\^ b. Oct. 1, 1807. 


By Edna Frances Calder. 

{Continued from }mge 117.) 

By favor of Capt. Edw'^. Dowse who lent me the Travels of Ana- 
charsis a Scythian in Greece I finished reading- the same at the End of 
the Year with much Satisfaction in 7 elegant Yohnnes & an 8th of 
Maps & charts & elegant views of Grecian Architecture. The Propylsea 
or Vestibule for entrance into the Citadel of Athens is noble the bare 
view of the Picture thereof gives a magnificent idea their Architecture, 
and the history of the Greeks with view^s of their Temples & public 
buildings might greatly correct the taste of our Carpenters accordingly 
I called in Eliph* Baker a young Carpenter to show him these Plans— 
butl do not exjx'ct our ( a reenters will become Architects ! 

At end of year after violent conflict between partizans for French 
& Britons thro' United States to get President & Vice President it is 
confidently affirmed that Adams an aristocratic Lawyer in favor of 
British Dignities manners & Government will be President—And Jeffer- 
son late Gov. of Virginia a firm supporter of the Rights of Man & ad- 
mirer of the French Revolution will be Vice President, which I hope 
will introduce him to be finally President & prevent a threatened War 
with France that gave no pov/er to choose President & form of 
Governt ! ! ! 

January, 1797. 

1 Extreme cold, grand Sleying. 

2 Finished Anacharsis. 

4 Colder than cold freezes close to the fire. 

5 Went Boston my horse & Sley with Jem Fadden. 

8 Sundry Land Jobbers or Speculators abscond about beginning of 
the year cannot reallize Georgia Lands, Judges, Priests, Lawyers, &c. 


Bv dry season succeeded by frost & uncommonly severe Winter 
there 'is great difficult:^ to get Water many Wells have been dry ever 
since September to tliis 8th January 1797. My Pump afforded Water 
enough till about a Week past & being neglected is froze up solid so 
that We use Water of the Well or spring at the bottom of my pasture 
which runs a pure constant stream out of the gravel into the middle 
Ditch thro' my Meadow: And is now excellent tasted & better for wash- 
ing than any other Water, and far cleaner than in Summer and by a 
little labor might be accommodated to be a pure source of the best 
water at all times when the Meadows are not flooded. 

Calvin Whiting's Aqueduct bro't almost to the Gaol, incomplete as 
it is proves very beneficial to some people: but if at this scarce Season 
for Water it had been completed & brought along tlirough the Town, 
he Avould have been considered a public Jjcnefactor ! ! ! Above 70 
Cattle are watered at it every day. 
Colder than ever known. 
9 Colder yet. 

12 ]N"oah made my Surtout too small. 

18 Knower sent Wrapper. 

20 iv^. Knower making'Surtout & Wrapper 27 6. 

29 i3etsev Shuttleworth married to Xoadiah Bissell of Windsor by 
T. Thacher." 

:3G Betsey went off to Connecticut with her husband & cleared the 

It is hoped that marrying will cure the savage roving restless ex- 
travagant disposition of a once fond Child that promised consolation to 
declining life that founded its fleeting defeated hopes upon her, till it 
found her mind dissipated & affections alienated. 


3 My Pump thaw'd with great trouble so as to go again but fear the 
ice split"^it, as it now leaks. 

20 Addled with do nothings I can make no progress in recording 
Judgments of Court ! 

25 Gross trespass in >iight break windows. 

27 Flights of Snow that disappoint S. S. waiting for snovr to get to 

28 By Act of this Session, Clerke of C. P. to be Clerks of S. I. C. in 
each County under control & appointment of Judges of S. I. C to give 
l)ond of 1 to .500 $ to State Treasurer & oath before oldest Justice of 
S. 1. C. 


7 After appearance of returning Spring comes a Second Winter 
raore tedious and distressing than in its proper season. 
•26 Fisher Whiting died. David Daman's child died. 
27 Furious S. rain drives thro' the Windows. 


2 Mons''. Ptuelle sent me in French excellent address of the French 
I^ation to the People of England. 

7 Jem took 1 good large,Pear trees out of my wood lot & set E. side 

10 Deposited in Jere Shuttleworth's hands 6 doll* to pay Ch'^ Bent. 

1.3 Cold as January. Ground cover'd with Snow. 

18 Jas. Hosmer esq. Sheriff of Middlesex here return writ I. Gay. 

20 M'". Ruelle & other French here. 

22 Capt. Stow fixed Desk in Clerk's oflice Court house. 

{To he continued.) 






Thomas Wight was admitted an inhabitant of the Town 
of Dedham, on July 18, 1637, and signed the Covenant. He 
received a grant of twelve acres, situated in what is now the 
Upper Village, as will be seen by the plan here given. It reads 
as follows : 

Thomas Wight, twelue Acres more or 

n"^^^^^— <^^ lesse made vp good by an in large™* Rune 
/ / /'y'''^^ if^ amongst y*^ Rockes & for woode & timb'' 
as it lyeth y^ one side by the highwaye 
leading into Rockes for y^ most p* & John 
Luson from that waye vpon a lyne South- 
west vnto y^ brooke that compasseth He 
Wight & soe by that Brooke as that side ly- 
eth next John Luson towards the North. 
And the other side lyeth by Anthony ffisher 
throughout w*'^ a ce^teyne pcell of grounde 
for a situacon of a house a yeard Roome & 
ease"^* of water by the Brooke w"^ in the 
said Antho: fhshers lyne as by the marks & 
dooles appeth The one head abutteth vpon 
the Waest towards the East & the other 
vpon John Lusons Rocks towards y® west, 
The high waye leading towards the Ragged 
playne Rung through the same. 

''This is the ground on which he built 
a house and which has continued in 
the possession of his descendants to the 
present time, being now owned in com- 
mon by the children of the late Eben- 
ezer Wight. The house stood at the foot 
of a little rise of land on the margin of 
plain, on the northwest of the brook and but little distance from 
it. The one first erected w^as of slender material and thatched. 
The framed house which succeeded this, after remaining nearly 
two centuries was recently taken down. To preserve the remem- 
brance of this spot — where was the family hearth two hundred 
years — the home of six successive generations — I have this year 
(1840) planted on it an elm tree. To the pilgrim who, in some 
future day tracuig his descent from Thomas Wight, shall come 
up to this spot in homage to the memory of his ancestors, to him 
I say, ' Put off thy shoes from off thy feet, the place whereon thou 
standest is holy ground.' " ( ^Yigllt Famihj, Boston, 1848, p. 9.) 

148 FABTlilDGE FAMILY. [Oct. 

Ill 1652, he sold the hintl to Henry and John AVight, his sons, 
and removed to Medfield. All of his family accompanied him, 
excepting Henry, "who remained on the paternal estate in Ded- 
ham." The part of the estate on which the house stood, is still 
in possession of a descendant, Mr. C. F. Wight, of New York. 
The frontispiece follows a photograph of the site taken by Mr. 
J. F. Guild, of Dedham, on October 1, 1896. 


By Rey. Ly3Iax Partridge, of Dedham. 

{Continued from page 106.) 

Jloses, the youngest son of Benoni, and my great-grandfather, 
was born Aug. 28, 1733. He was a soldier in the French and 
Indian Wars, and in the Revolutionary War. He married Sept. 
9, 1755, Rachel, daughter of Ziba Thayer, of Uxbridge. His 
house was on Partridge Street. The place of the cellar can still 
be seen. He and his wife became Christians during the great 
revival at West Medway in 1785. Neio-hborhood meetino-s were 
then held at their house. (See Almanac Diary of Dr. Aaron 
Wight.) In 1801 he sold his farm to his son Simeon and his 
nephew Elijah, and removed to Upton, where two of his 
daughters were residing. He died Oct. 6, 1804. i\Irs. Par- 
tridge died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Childs, then 
residing in Foxboro, Sept. 6, 1812. (Town Records.) 

Freelove^ the eldest daughter, born Feb. 11, 1757, married 
June 29, 1778, David Pike. Tiiey settled in Rockingham, Vt. 
She died in a few years, leaving two sons, Martin and Luther. 
The latter came to Medway after the death of his mother, and 
resided with his grandfather, Moses Partridge, and afterwards 
with an aunt in Upton, where he died in 1863. His son, the late 
Brigham Pike of Upton, told me that his grandfather went with 
the other son to New York state. There was then little letter 
writing. Nothing was ever heard of them. 

Beulali^ born July 5, 1762 ; married 1st Lieut. Elias Hay- 
ward, Dec. 8, 1782. He was a 3'oung man of ability and an 
officer in the Revolutionary War. He died Oct. 22, 1783. A 


stone standing in the oldest part of the cemetery at West Med- 
way marks the grave. There was a daughter, a beautiful girl, 
who died when about seventeen. The widow married 2dly, June 
26, 1788, Daniel Fisk of Upton, where she died March, 1858, 
aged nearly ninety-six. She is said to have been beautiful even 
in extreme old age. She united with the church in West Med- 
way, in 1786, and was the last survivor of the converts of the 
great revival of 1785. 

Tahitha^ born April 30, 1765, married James Johnson, July 
5, 1781. She died soon after. 

Clarissa^ born July 14, 1775 ; married Gregory Ide, Jan. 11, 
1795. He died Aug. 6, 1798. She married, 2dly, Asa Childs, 
Oct. 23, 1799. They resided in Upton and in Foxboro, and then 
removed to Pittsburg, Penn., where their descendants reside, 
some of whom have been for many years prominent in that city. 

Siyneon^ the brother of these, and my grandfather, was born 
Feb. 28, 1760. Upon the day of the battle of Bunker Hill, he 
was hoeing corn with his father, in what was known for many 
years as "the old field," near the former residence of Benoni. 
The boy of fifteen excitedly exclaimed, " How I wish I was 
there. " " Why, what would you do ? " asked his father. The 
boy replied with greater earnestness " I would soon show those 
redcoats what I would do. " He enlisted in the army for the 
first time. Mar. 27, 1776, when but a little more than sixteen. 
He enlisted several times afterwards, during the war, for brief 
periods. (Mass. Archives ; Jameson, 218,229, etc.) When he 
was a boy his grandfather, Ziba Thayer, gave him a farm in 
Franconia, N. H. He never took possession of the property, but 
near the time of his marriage his father, " in consideration of 
love and goodwill" (Reg. CLVHI 102) gave him one-half of 
his land in Medway. He married Jerusha White of Franklin. 
He built the house standing at the corner of Winthrop and 
Partridge streets. He was a captain in the State Militia ; served 
the town as selectman ; was a well read man. He died Jan. 9, 
1832, and his widow died March 23, 1834. There were two 

Lyman^ born Nov. 21, 1785. Near the time of his birth, one 


of the Lyman famil}^ of Nortliampton, visited his parents, so this 
name was given him. He was an excellent scholar, a superior 
penman, as his manuscript books show, and excelled in athletic 
sports. He taught school in Franklin in 1803. He was for a 
short time a clerk in Boston. There he contracted yellow fever. 
He at once hastened home, riding in a stage to Medway Village, 
twentj^-five miles, and then walking two miles to the house of 
his parents. He entered "the south room, " and exhausted by 
his journey, threw himself upon the bed. He died Aug. 12, 
1805, after a brief sickness. This was told me by my father. 
He was standing at a window, mending a quill pen. It was 
nearly dark, when, looking up from Lis work, he saw his brother 
Lyman coming toward the house. That death was my fatlier's 
first grief. It made a permanent impression. Whenever, even 
in advanced life, he spoke of his brother, tears would at once 
come to his eyes. 

Elilm^ my father, born Sept. 28, 1787, inherited the home 
place. After leaving the public school, he pursued his studies 
under the instruction of Rev. Timothy Dickinson of Holliston. 
He was a superior scholar, and a great reader. In early life he 
taught school, and was a member of the School Committee. He 
and his father were constituent members of the Baptist Society 
of West Medway. They gave about t$500 for the first meeting 
house, erected 1823, and he was one of the building committee. 
For more than fort}" years he was a surveyor of land in Medway, 
and adjoining towns. He married, Nov. 7, 1810, his school- 
mate, Charlotte Wight, daughter of Dr. Aaron Wight, who died 
March 2, 1833. He married, 2dly, March 13, 1834, Maria 
Paine, daughter of Capt. William Paine, of Boston, a native of 
Wellfleet. He died Oct. 13, 1848. His widow, my mother, died 
at my home at Westminster, May 24, 1886. His farm was divided 
into lots and sold in 1850. The lot at the corner of Winthrop 
and Lovering Streets, now owned by Mrs. Anson Daniels a 
descendant of the first John Partridge, has never passed out of 
the possession of his descendants. 

We have already mentioned that three brothers, Daniel, 
Eleazer and Obadiah Adams, sons of John Adams and Deborah 


Partridge Adams, and grandcliildren of the first John Partridge, 
settled upon the west side of Chicken Brook, while Benoni Part- 
ridge, another grandson, had his farm upon the east side. These 
four grandchildren were neighbors, and there were no other 
families near them except those of Joseph Barber and John 
Clark. Thej owned a greater part of the land in that part of 
Medway. According to the map of Medway, 1713, Daniel 
Adams resided on Lovering Street, near Chicken Brook ; Eleazer 
on Adams Street, a short distance east of Summer Street ; Oba- 
diah on Adams Street, near the former residence of Cyrus 
Adams. The four cousins lived to a good old age. Benoni 
Partridge, born 1687, died 1769. Daniel Adams, born 1686, 
died Sept. 16, 1778. Eleazer, born 1687, died Sept. 15, 1775 ; 
Obadiah, born 1689, died Nov. 22, 1765 ; Each had a large 
family and owned a valued estate. The graves of Eleazar and 
Obadiah Adams, and those of their families, are in the old part 
of Evergreen Cemetery, West Medway, near the stone erected 
in memory of Gen. Eliakim Adams. 

They were acquainted with some of the first settlers of Ded- 
ham and Medfield. Joseph Barber, (b. 1768, d. 1847), whom 
some now (1895) living remember, must have known Daniel 
Adams, his near neighbor. Thus but two lives separate us from 
those who first came to Dedham and Medfield. 

Eleazer, of whom we shall again speak, was the most prom- 
inent. He served on the board of selectmen of Medway for 
eight years. (Medway Eec.) He was active in securing the 
incorporation of the West Precinct of Medway, in 1748, and was 
one of its assessors that year. (Parish Rec, West M.) His son, 
Eleazer, Jr., was also a prominent citizen of Medway. He 
served as selectman for several years. (Jameson, 54, 82.) Gen. 
Eliakim Adams, son of Eleazer, Jr., was active in military and 
town affairs. In 1870, Mrs. B. A. Benedict, one of the descend- 
ants of Eleazer Adams, possessing that love for civil and relig- 
ions liberty that characterized him, founded Benedict College, 
South Carolina, for the education of colored people. 

152 ST0UGHT01\HA31 BIRTHS. [Oct. 


By William R. Manx. 

Susanna Belcher, dau. of Jeremiah, Jr., and Anna, Dec. 3, 1764. 
Elizabeth Belcher, dau. of Jeremiah, Jr., and Anna, Nov. 25, 1766. 
Andrew Belcher, son of Jeremiah, Jr., and Anna, Jan. 22, 1769. 
Edward Belcher, son of Jeremiah, Jr., and Anna, Feb. 24, 1771. 
Mella Capen, dau. of Lemuel and Mary, May 17, 17G7. 
Hannah Capen, dau. of Lemuel and Mary, June 24, 1771. 
Susanna Morse, dau. of Nathaniel and Susanna, April 7, 1759. 
Nathaniel I\Iorse, son of Nathaniel and Susanna, July 13, 1762. 
Hannah Morse, dau. of Nathaniel and Susanna, March 15, 1765. 
Lucy Morse, dau. of Nathaniel and Susanna, Sept. 17, 1766. 
Nancy Morse, dau, of Nathaniel and Susanna, Oct. 12, 1768. 
Nathaniel Morse, son of Nathaniel and Susanna, Sept. '2Q, 1770. 
Spencer Drake, son of Joseph and Ruth, April 28, 1772. 
Jeremiah Bassett, son of John and Sarah, Dec. 11, 1768. 
Anna Bassett, dau. of John and Sarah, Oct. 10, 1771. 
Jesse Bassett. son of John and Sarah, March 16, 1773. 
Seth Hewins, son of Enoch and Sarah, Dec. 29, 1773. 
Lois Hewins, dau. of Doer. Elijah and Lois, Jan. 4, 1774. 
Anna Hewins, dau of Benjamin, Jr.. and Anna, Oct. 14, 1773. 
Nancy Morse, dau. of Elijah and Anna, June 20, 1771. 
Bradish Billings, son of Elijah, Jr., and Hulda, Nov. 27, 1773. 
Silence Payson, dau. of Henry, Dece'^ and Mary, March 20, 1772. 
Anna Capen, dau of Ezekiel and Mary, April 2, 1771. 
Susanna Capen, dau. of Ezekiel and Mary, March 14, 1773, 
David W'ilkenson, son of David and Abigail, Aug. 20, 1763. 
Oliver Wilkenson, son of David and Abigail, June 24, 1765. 
Hezekiah Wilkenson, son of David and Abigail, Aug. 12, 1768. 
Molly Wilkenson, dau. of David and Abigail, June 7, 1770. 
Elijah Wilkenson, son of David and Abigail, May 10, 1772. 
Susannah Wilkenson, dau. of David and Abigail, Feb, 2, 1774. 
Bettey Bird, dau. of John and Joanna, April, 1773. 
Benjamin Rhoads, son of Benjamin and Anna, April 2, 1749. 
Anna Rhoads, dau. of Benjamin and Anna, Aug. 20, 1751. 
Jeremiah Rhoads, son of Benj, and Anna. Nov. 30, 1754. 
Mary Rhoads, dau. of Benj. and Anna, May 5, 1757. 
Elizabeth Rhoads, dau. of Benj. and Anna, Sept. 20, 1759. 
Joshua Rhoads, son of Benj. and Anna, Dec. 1, 1762, 
Hannah Gannett, dau, of Benj. and Mary, Aug. 25, 1751. o. s. 
Benjamin Gannett, son of Benj. and Mary, July 4, 1754. 
Benjamin Gannett, son of Benj, and Mary, June 29, 1857. 
Joseph Gannett, son of Benj. and Mary, Sept, 26, 1759. 
Jonathan Gannett, son of Benj. and Mary, Aug. 26, 1762. 
Mary Gannett, dau. ot Benj. and Mary, Nov. 25, 1765. 
Betty Gannett, dau. of Benj. and Mary, Jan. 28, 1772. 


Hannah Everet, clau. of Oliver and Susanna, Aug. 11, 1774. 
Thodore Belcher, son of Jeremiah, Jr., and Anna, March 15, 1774. 
Sarah Ormsbee, dau. of William and Jane, Nov. 26, 17G7. 
William Ormsbee, son of William and Jane, A^\xg. '2'2, 1769. 
Asa Clark, son of Ichabod and Sarah, Oct. 4, 1745. (Old Stile.) 
Prudence Clark, dau. of Asa and Prudence, July 14, 1773. 
Relief Drake, dau. of Joseph and Ruth, May 31, 1774. 
Hannah Richards, dau. of Benj. and Mary, Jan. 1, 1770. 
Luke Richards, son of Benj. and Mary, June 9, 1772. 
Lucy Richards, dau. of Benj. and Mary, June 2, 1774. 
George Holmes, son of Ebenezer and Jemima, Oct. 9, 1761. 
Luther Holmes, son of Ebenezer and Jemima, March 17, 1772. 
Richard Hixson, son of Richard, Jr., and Mary^ Aug. 20, 1774. 
Levi Richards, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth, July 25, 1774. 
Rebeckah Withington, dau. of Philip and Rebeckah, April 24, 1774. 
Sinthe Carpenter, dau. of Nehemiah and Sarah, Aug. 19, 1774. 
Irene Bullard, dau. of Benj. and Judith, Jan. 21, 1771. 
Samuel Bullard, son of Benj. and Judith, Aug. 20, 1773. 
Eunice Wood, dau. of Zephaniah and Mary, March 20, 1771. 
Lewis Wood, son of Zephaniah and Mary, Aug. 14, 1773. 
Benjamin Johnson, son of Isaac and Hannah, Nov. 26, 1755. 
Ruth Johnson, dau. of Isaac and Hannah, April 14, 1757. 
Hannah Johnson, dau. of Isaac & Hannah, May 28, 1758. 
Isaac Johnson, son of Isaac & Hannah, March 16, 1760. 
Obed Johnson, son of Isaac & Hannah, April 11, 1762. 
Josiah Johnson, son of Isaac & Hannah, Oct. 26, 1763. 
Abigail Johnson, dau. of Isaac & Hannah, Sept. 8, 1766. 
Daniel Johnson, son of Isaac & Hannah, March 27, 1768. 
Mathew Johnson, son of Isaac & Hannah, February 15, 1770. 
Esther Johnson, dau. of Isaac & Hannah, Dec. 30, 1771. 
Luther Richards, son of William, Jr., & Anna. Novem. 23, 1774. 
Elijah Hawse, son of Jacob & Elizabeth, April 4, 1775. 
Ruth Fuller, dau. of Lemuel &: Ruth, , Sept. 13, 1774. 
Samuel Belcher, son of Clifford & Bettey, January 24, 1775. 
Elijah Allen, son of Micah & Catherine, Dec. 16, 1773. 
Benjamin Hewins, son of Benjamin, Jr., & Anna, Sept. 7, 1775. 
Sarah Swift, dau. of Joshua & Mary, Sept. 26, 1771. 
Mary Swift, dau. of Joshua & Mary, June 6, 1773. 
Hannah Swift, dau. of Joshua & Mary, April 9, 1775. 
Joel Gay, son of Solomon & Abigail, February 15, 1767. 
Daniel Gay, son of Solomon & Abigail, July 23, 1768. 
Jason Gay, son of Solomon & Abigail, Sept. 5, 1770. 
Jeremiah Gay, son of Solomon & Abigail, February 17, 1772. 
Azubah Gay, dau. of Solomon & Abigail, February 10, 1774. 
Joseph Richards, son of Daniel Jr. & Anna, July 29, 1773. 
Nancy Richards, dau. of Daniel Jr. & Anna, Novem. 5, 1775. 
David Comings, dau. of Richard & Elizabeth, Nov. 2, 1775. 
Calvin Bird, son of John & Joanna, March 10, 1775. 


Jeremiah Holmes, son of John Jr. & Esther, Jan. 16, 1775. 

Jemima Clark, dau. of William & Hannah, May 15, 1773. 

Abigail Clark, dau. of William & Hannah, Oct. 18, 1774. 

Olive Robbins, dau. of Josiah «S: Sarah, February 23, 1766. 

Molle Robbins, dau. of Josiah & Sarah, Nov. 1, 1767. 

Sarah Robbins, dau. of Josiah & Sarah, Feby. 19, 1770. 

Nathaniel Robbins, son of Josiah & Sarah, Oct. 2, 1773. 

Zephaniah & Molle Wood, son &: dau. of Zephaniah &: Mary, IVIarch 

16, 1776. 
Philip Hewins, son of Enoch & Sarah, Feby 12, 1776. 
Anna Hewins, dau. of Joseph Jr. &: Anna, Oct. 2, 1773. 
Molle Leonard, dau. of Jacob & Molly, July 12, 1775. 
Experience Clark, dau. of Silvanus & Rachel, Jany7, 1775. 
Nancy Allen, dau. of Micah & Katherine, Feby 29, 1776. 
Joseph Pettee, son of Joseph & x\bigail, Dec. 18, 1769. 
Nabbee Pettee, dau. of Joseph & Abigail, Sept. 2, 1773. 


By Philip Adsit Fisher. 

of San Francisco, Cal. 
{Contimted from page 119.) 
5^. Jesse^, fourth son of Benjamin (31) and Sarah 
(Everett) Fisher, was 1). at Dedham, July 7, 1751 ; m. May 8, 
1777, Hannah, daughter of Ebenezer and Hannah (Allen) 
Battelle, who was b. at Dedham, Dec. 25, 1753 .; purchased land 
in Princeton about 1778, or earlier, and in his father's wall 
(made Feb. 7, 1777) he is called "of Princeton." Advertised in 
1778 his farm for sale, two and a half miles from the meeting 
house. He m. 2dly, Aug. 8, 1^91, Polly Skinner of Princeton. 
He served in Boaz Moore's company at the Lexington alarm, in 
service eight days ; later joined Captain Jolni Jones' company, 
under Col. Ephraim Doolittle, and served during the rest of the 
year, being in the Battle of Bunker Hill. Their children, born 
at Princeton, were : — 

Jesse^ Fisher, son of Benjamin (.31) and Sarah (Everett) Fisher, b. 
at Dedham, July 7, 1751 ; Jesse^ Fisher, son of Jeremiah (67) and Prudence 
(Crosby) Fisher, born at Xeedham, Jan. 17, 1741-2. These two gave me plenty 
of trouble, but now I have them correctly arranged and send another version 
of 52, Jesse Fisher, which is printed in the July number of the Register. 
After a long search for a solution, I found one in an old letter, and now am sat- 
isfied that it is substantially correct.— P. A. F. 


Jesse"^, b. April 24, 1778; minister at Scotland Parish, 
Windham County, Conn. ; m. May 25, 1813, Rebecca 
Dana, of Natick ; m. 2dly, Laura Paine of Canterbury, 
Conn.; d. Sept. 29, 1836. 
Hannah'^, b. Jan. 15, 1780. 
Abigail^ b. April 19, 1782. 
Ebenezer"^, b. Feb. 2, 1783, 
PoLLY^ b. March 4, 1788. 
Sarah^ b. May 28, 1790. 
Betsey^ b. Oct, 21, 1792. 
JoHN^ b. March 1, 1793. 
^5* Daniel^, son of Capt. Jeremiah (32) and Deborah 
(Richards) Fisher, was b. at Dedham, Oct. 16, 1713; m. at Ded- 
Lam, March 6, 1750, Elizabeth Weeks of Dedham. They both 
joined the Dedham Church, April 29, 1764. He inherited his 
father's homestead, and sold it March 3, 1788, to David Lyon, 
when they moved to Hinsdale, N. H., where his death is recorded 
"Nov. 23, 1799, aged 86 years," in the family Bible of one of 
his descendants; she d. there "April 24, 1780, aged 80 years." 
Their children, b. at Dedham, were : — 
Rebecca^ b. Sept. 14, 1750. 
Jeremiah'^, b. March 10, 1752. 
Deborah^ b. April 11, 1754. 
Elizabeth'^, b. June 24, 1756. 
Ebenezer^ b. Jan. 23, 1761 ; d. at Hinsdale, N. H., :\Iay 

12, 1823, aged 60-4." 
Nathaniel^, b. June '2^), 1763. 
William^ b. March 28, 1765 ; died at Hinsdale, " Oct. 

28, 1848, aged 83." 
Daniel', bapt. April 19, 1767; d. young. 
Abner", b. Nov. 27, 1768 ; d. at Hinsdale, N. H., "June 

11, 1815, aged 41-3." 
DANIEL^ b. April 13, 1771. 
Jesse"^, b. Jan. 19, 1773. 
56. Nathaniel^ son of Daniel, 3rd (33), and Esther 
(Fisher) Fisher, was. b. at Dedham, Feb. 15, 1718 ; m. at Ded- 
ham, May 26, 1747, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and Hannah 
[ ] Clapp of Dedham, who was b. in 1726. He d. at Ded- 

ham, March 18, 1793. Their children were: — 


80. JosHU-V, b. May 17, 1748; physician at Beverly. 

90. Ebenezer', b. April 10, 1751 ; farmer at Dedham. 

91. Nathaniel^, b. May 22, 175;3; m. Sarah Everett, April 

13, 1781. 
Elizabeth", b. Dec. 26, 1757 : d. at 14 or 15 years of age. 

92. John", b. July 18, 1700; m. Chloe Smith, of Walpole. 

Some Recent Deaths. 

Everett, Nathaniel Hill, Dorchester, June 1-3. 

WiGGix, Miss Sarah Jane, West Everett, June 22. 

Ames, William Lewis, Nogales, Arizona, August 12. 

Stetson, Joseph, Dedham, August 12. 

Montague, W^illiam Pepperell, W^ashington, D. C, September 12. 


5. Whose daughter was Grace Metcalf, born 1741 ; m. one Fran- 
cis Thomas, born 1745, who settled at a place they called "Monteone," 
in Frederick County, Maryland, removing to Fincastle, Va., where she 
died in 1829, and he in 1835. She was probably the daughter of 

Thomas Metcalf, wife [Edwards], and he the son of Hugh 

Thomas. There runs a family " tradition " that she was born and 
spent her girlhood on a farm near the boundary line of Pennsylvania 
and ]\Iaryland, which took the name of " Metcalf's Fields" from hav- 
ing been one of the camping places of General Braddock, and near 
v^here he died in July, 1(555. Be this tradition true or not, certain 
it is that Braddock camped on the farm of '' Thomas Metcalfe," situ- 
ated near Emmettsbergh, near the Penn. line, in Frederick County, 
where on his march to the relief of Fort Du Quesne (now Pittsburg) 
in 1755. This Thomas - Edwards - Metcalf clan were intermar- 
ried with the Blackburns, the ^Mitchells, Andersons, and other noted 
families of the south, who appear to have lost the recovering of their 
ancestry of but a little while ago. Michael Metcalf, 

Battle Creek, Mich. 


Replying to Query (page 122) as to ancestry of Joel Metcalf, I have 
to state as follows. My record shows that:— 

6. Joel, who m. Liicv (Bradford) Gav, was youngest son of 

5. Nathaniel [and Ruth (Whiting) 1 Metcalf, of Attleboro, son of 

4. Jonathan [and Hannah (Kendrick) ] Metcalf, son of 

0. Michael [and Mary (Fairbancks) ] Metcalf, son of 
2. Michael [and Mary (Gav) ] Metcalf. son 

1. Michael [and Sara Ellwyn) ] Metcalf, the Emigrant, 1637. 

It mav be observed that there have been many Metcalf Gay inter- 
marriages,"— the brother of Joel, Michael Metcalf, having married ^lolly 
Gav in 1775. Michael Metcalf. 


Abbott, 1, 2. 

Adams, 8. 13, 2G, 27, 29, 54, 50, 80, 83, 

100, 103, 104, 150, 151. 
Ager, 82. 
Alden. 34, 37. 
Aldis, 5, 75. 
Aldridge, 82. 

Allen, 5, 8, 70, 71, 100, 120, 153, 154, 
Ames, 1, 3, 5. 33, 62, 77, 78, 92, 115, 

123, 130, 145, 15G. 
Anderson, 1.56. 
Andrews, 40, 58, 141, 145. 
Armsby, 117. 
Armstrong, 105. 
Atherton, 71, 119. 
Attleboroiigh, Mass., 8, 76, 122. 
Auburn, N. H., 49. 
Avery, 41-4.3, 116. 
Avery School, 41-43. 
Ayer, 82. 

Babbidge, 118. 

Bacon, 27. 

Badlam, 42. 

Baker, 8, 40, 50, 76,80,108,110,122,145. 

Ballon, 105, 106. 

Barber, 76, 106, 150, 151. 

Barton, 10. 

Bassett, 152. 

Battelle, 73-75, 154, 

Bedford, Mass., 12. 

Belcher, 40, 60, 71, 120, 121, 151-153. 

Belchertown, 3Iass., 38. 

Bellingham, Mass., 14, 101, 108. 

Bemis, 39. 

Benedict, 151. 

Bestwick, 109. 

Beverly, 3Iass., 156. 

Billerica, Mass., 10, 11, 13, 14. 

Billings, 32, 38, 50, 04, 70, 71, 78, 79, 

119, 120, 152. 
Bird, 72, 120, 152, 153. 
Bissell, 146. 
Blackburn, 156. 
Blackman, 72. 
Blake, 27, 29, 31, 32, 50, 77. 
Blancliard, 101, 107. 

Boardman, 18, 19. 

Boston, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 10, 14, 32, .36, 48, 

50, 51, 57-60, 63, 91-99, 104, 107, 108. 
Boston Athemeum, 95. 
Boxboro, Mass., 51. 
Boyd, 30, 79. 
Boyden, 27. 
Bovnton, 107. 
Bradford, 122, 1.56. 
Bradley, 108. 
Bradstreet, 75, 
Braintree, Mass., 48. 
Bristol Ferry, 59. 
Broad, 9, 141. 
Brockway, 144. 
Brookline, Mass., 98, 99. 
Brown University, 8, 10, 49. 
Buckminster, 95. 
Buckner, 36, 73. 
Bullard, .30. 31, 46, 55, 76, 104, 110, 

Bunker Hill, 154. 
]3urdakin, 79, 81. 
Burlington, Mass., 12. 
Bussy, 33. 
Buttertleld, 18. 

Calder. 33, 115, 122, 141, 145. 
Cambridge, Mass., 11, 63, 137, 141, 

Canterbury, Conn., 155. 
Canton, Mass., 38, 40, 76, 80, 106, 108. 
Capen, 70-72, 151, 152. 
Carpenter, 38, 70, 71, 153. 
Carriages, 57-60. 
Carroll. 111. 
Carver, 38, 63. 
Chamberlain, 101. 
Chandler, 60. 

C'harlestown, Mass., 13, 14. 
Chester, JV. //., 7, 8, 49. 
Cheever, 28, 29. 
C bickering, 5, 76. 
Childs, 148, 149. 
Clapp, 155. 

Clark, 1, 2, 10, 70, 71, 84, 90, 101, 120. 
Clarke, 40, 48, 136-140. 



Cleale, 33. 

Cleveland, 51. 

Cobb, 117. 

Coffin, 107. 

Colburn. 40, 55, 107, 108, 122. 

Collins, 50. 

Columbia Minerva, 61. 

Colwell, 145. 

Coney, 82, 120, 121. 

Cook, 119. 

Corinth, J/e., 76. 

Court House, 3. 

Crane, 38, 48, 77. 

Cressey, 17, 19. 

Croft, 98, 99. 

Crombie, 9, 49. 

Crosby, 154. 

Cudworth, 18. 

Cummings, 12, 120, 153. 

Curtis, 144. 

Da]3% 110. 

Damon, 42, 146. 

Dana, 1.55. 

Dane, 19. 

Daniels, 150. 

Dan vers, Mass., 8. 

Dartmouth College, 105. 

Davenport, 37, 40, 142. 

Day, 26-29. 

Dean, 106-108, 119. 

Dedham Historical Societv, 79-82. 

Dedham in the Rebellion, 19-26, 65- 

70, 111-115. 
Deering, 26. 
Denmark. 63. 
Dennis, 119. 
Derry, N. H,, 8. 
Deverix, 121. 
Dexter, 31. 
Dickey, 144. 
Dickinson, 150. 
Dix, 107. 
Doolittle, 154. 
Dorchester, 2Iass., 11, lo, 33, 50, 51, 

77, 107. 
Dorr, 7. 

Dover, 3Iass., 7, 48. 
Dowse, 145. 
Drake, 152. 
Draper, 1-6, 50, 76, 82, 100-111, 117, 

Dukley, 58. 
Duick, 33. 
Dunbar, 39. 
Duncklee, 16. 
Dutton, 16. 
D wight, 52. 

Edes, 91. 

Edwards, 156. 

Ellet, 1, 2. 

Ellis, 9, 27, 32, 33, 50, 55, 65, 74, 77, 

84, 102, 104-108. 
Eliot, 34. 
Elliott, 19. 
EUwyn, 156. 
Emerson, 99. 
Endicott, 38, 39, 80, 108. 
Ernst, 57. 
Estey, 70, 119, 129. 
Everett, 18, 30, 70, 76, 117, 120, 121, 

152, 154, 156. 
Everett, Mass., 19. 
Ewer, 64, 144. 

E ad den, 145. 

Fairbanks, 42, 50, 71, 156. 

Farley, 9. 

Farrington, 26, 82, 128. 

Fay, 107. 

Fayette, Me., 57. 

Field, 76. 

Fields, 38. 

First Church, 3. 

Fisher, 5, 8. 26, 27, 33, 35, .36, 38, 39, 

42, 43, 73-77, 108, 117, 121, 154, 156. 
Fisk, 105, 106, 148. 
Flagg, 143. . 
Fletcher, 16. 
Foord. 50. 
Fosdick, 13. 
Foster, 26. 

Foxborouoh, Mass., 50, 148, 149. 
Fowie, 107. 
Frairy, 84. 

Fram'ingham, 3rass., 104, 140. 
Francestown, N. H., 17, 19, 118. 
Franconia. N. II., 149. 
Franklin, 1.30. 
Franklin, 3Iass., 103, 149. 
Freeman, 92, 93, 9.5, 108. 
Friend, 118. 
Fuller, .39, 42, 77, 115, 118, 120, 121, 


Gage, 64, 144. 
Gannett, 152. 
Gay, 27, 28, 33, 49, 70. 77, 107, 119, 

122, 137, 153, 156. 
Gee, 144. 
Gerauld, 29. 
Gilbert, 120. 
Gloucester, Mass., 61. 
Goodhue, 19. 
Goodridge, 17, 19. 
Gould, 7^7. 
Goulding, 143. 



Grant, 26, 27. 
Green, 10, 80. 
Greenfield, N. H., 18. 
Greenleaf, 49, 50. 
Greenoiigh, 19. 
Greenwich, B. I., 7. 
Grover, 50, 

Guild, 9, 10, 27-29, 43-47, 49, 50, 70, 
75, 82, 11(3, 122. 

Hagar, 14.3. 

Haggett, 13. 

Hall, 7, 107. 

Hancock, 20, 27. 

Hanover, N. 11., 142. 

Harding, 54, 95. 

Harrington, 143. 

Harris, 140. 

Hart. 19. 

Hartford, Conn., 14, 33, 04. 

Hartshorn, 30, 32, 82. 

Hartwell, 7. 

Harvard College, 9, 90, 119. 

Harve3% 32. 

Haven, 47. 

Hawes, 27, 28, 70, 71, 119, 120, 153. 

Haynes, 60-64, 141, 142. 

Hayward, 148. 

Heaton, 27, 62. 

Herring, .37. 

Hewins, 70, 71, 120, 121, 144, 152, 153. 

Higby, 141. 

Higgins, 32. 

Higginson, 95. 

Hill, 1, 40, 79, 82. 

Hinsdale, iV. H., 155. 

Hixon, 120, 121. 

Hixson, 71, 15.3. 

Holbrook, 105. 

Holliston, Ilass., 103, 105, 106. 

Holmes, 17, 19, 72, 108, 1.52, 1.53. 

Hopkins, 40. 

Hopkinton, 3rass., 80. 

Horton, 38. 

Hosmer, 146. 

Houston, 16, 17. 

How, 42. 

Howard, .58, 117. 

Howe, 117, 141. 

Humphrey, 79. 

Humphreys, 107. 

Hunnewell, 140. 

Hunting, 18, 34-37. 

Huntting, 72-75. 

Hyde Park, Mass., 65. 

Ide, 149. 
Ingraham, 39. 
Irvine, .39. 

Jameson, 100, 103, 104, 149, 

Jaques, 13. 

Jeffries, 95. 

Jerred, 28, 29. 

Johnson, 13, 38, 71, 149, 153. 

Jones, 7, 27, 118, 154. 

Kav, 143. 
Keith, 104. 
Kellev, 16. 
Kendall, 12, 32. 
Kennedy, 144. 
Kennebunk, Me., 142. 
Kendrick. 156. 
Killingly, Co7in., 136-139. 
Kingsbury, 28, 29, 71. 
Kissel, 80. 
Knight, 1, 6. 

Lam son, 79. 

Lathrop, 19, 65, 111. 

Lawrence, 27, 80, 103. 

Leonard, 39, 1.53. 

Lexington, Mass., 2, 12, 32, 38, 44, 

77, 137, 154. 
J^ewis, 16-19, 3.3, 3D, 40, 42, 116, 118. 
Lincoln, 3fe., 8. 
Little, 48. 
Livermore, 143. 
Locke, 107. 
Lord, 144. 
Lovell, .56, 84. 

Lowell, Mass., 19, 141, 144, 145 
Lusher, 53, 55. 
Lyman, 149. 
Lynde, 60. 

Lyndeboro, N. H., 16, 18, 19. 
Lynn, Mass., 143, 144. 
Lyon, 155. 

Mace an e, 104. 

Mack, 110. 

McMullin, 120. 

Mail Coaches, 14. 

Mann, 7, 26-33, 60-05, 70, 77, 81, 106, 

122, 140-145. 
Manning, 118. 
Mansfield, 3fass., 50. 
Marblehead, 14. 
Marden, 17, 19. 
Marsh, 10. 
Martin, 18. 
Mason, 53-55, 96, 101. 
Maynard, 48. 
Medfield, Mass., 8. 52-56, 75-77, 83- 

9!), 101-10.5, 117, 151. 
Med ford, Mass,. 19. 
Meciway, Mass., 31, 32, 50, 55, 100- 

105, 142, 148-151. 



Melvin, 7, 8, 0, 49. 

Messinger, 49, 50. 

Metcalf, 27, 31, 75, 84, 117, 122, 156. 

Milford, Mass., 105, 106. 

Miller. 33, .34. 

Millis, Mass., 54, 101. 

Mills, 137. 

Milton, Mass., 37, 38, 49, 50, 108. 

Mitchell, 156. 

Montague, 48, 156. 

Moore, 40, 1.54. 

Morse, 70-72, 77, 82, 101, 105, 120, 

151, 1.52. 
Mory, 61. 
Motley, 44. 
Mumford, 15. 
Munroe, 12. 

Nantasket, Mass., 40. 

Natick, Mass., 7, 155. 

Nason, 19. 

JNauraann, 19. 

Nead, 19. 

Neal. 19. 

Neas, 20. 

Needham, Mass., 33, 37, 77, 117, 119, 

136-140, 154. 
Neiss, 20. 

New Boston, N. H., 17, 19. 
Newburyport, Mass., 144. 
Newell, 9, 40. 
New^ Haven, Conn., 14, 15. 
Kew London, Conn., 58. 
Newman, 20. 
Newport, B. L, 59. 
Newton, Mass., 37, 48, 77. 
Nichols, 20. 
Nickles, 71. 
Noble, 20. 
Noon an, 20. 

Nortliampton, Mass., 149. 
Northfield, Mass., 55. 
Norton, Mavss., 48. 
Norwood. 3Iass., 51, 76, 77. 
Noyes, 120. 

Ober, 20. 
O'Brien, 20. 
O'Connell, 20. 
O'Connor, 20. 
O'Hara, 20. 
O'Keefe, 20. 
Olney. Jie., 142. 
Onion, 21, 76, 122. 
O'Reilly, 20. 
Ormsbee, 152. 
Otis, 140. 
Owens. 21. 

Paddock, 60. 

Page, 21. 

Paine, 150, 155. 

Palmer, 143. 

Park, 21. 

Parker, 21, 31. 

Parks, 80. 

Partridge, 26, 51-56, 100-106, 148-151. 

Patten, 49. 

Patterson, 21. 

Paul, 42. 

Paxton, Mass., 106. 

Payson, 31, 72, 120, 152. 

Peck, 36, 74. 

Pemberton, 107. 

Perkins, 21, 142. 

Perry, 7. 

Persons, 21. 

Pettee, 153. 

Pf aft, 96. 

Phalan, 21. 

Phillips, 21, 102, 104. 

Phinney, 21. 


Pickford, 28, 60, 122, 140-143. 

Pierce, 21, 81. 

Pierson. 9. 

Pike, 148. 

Pillar of Liberty, 123. 

Pinney, 22. 

Pitt, 123-136. 

Plimpton, 108. 

Plymouth. Mass., 8, 39. 

Pond, 22, 27, 34, 40, 76. 

Pooler, 22, 38, 76. 

Portsmouth, N. H., 60, 64, 144. 

Postings, 22. 

Post Road, 2, 3. 

Powder Horn, 122. 

Power, 22. 

Poyen, 22. 

Pratt, 22, 39. 

Prentiss, 76, 89, 98. 

Price, 55, 82. 

Princeton, 3fass., 154. 

Providence, E. L, 2, 3, 14, 1.5, 61, 

122, 141. 
Puffer, 26, 27, 39. 
Purdy, 22. 
Putnam, 19. 
Putner, 22. 

Quincy, 95. 
Qainlan, 22. 

Radcliffe, 22. 
Rahlin 23. 
Rafferty, 23. 
Ramsay, 43. 



Hand, 23. 

Kandall, 23, 72, 118. 

Rausch, 23. 

Read, 23, 50. 

Rehoboth, Mass., 36, 38. 

Reynolds, 23. 

Rhoades, 23. 

Rhoads, 152. 

Rice, 107, 143. 

Richards, 23, 33, 34, 48, 51, 70, 71, 79, 

80, 116-121, 152, 153, 155. 
Richardson, 23, 105. 
Richmond, R. L, 48. 
Riley, 109. 
Roads, 57-60. 
Robbins, 153. 
Roberts, 23, 
Robershaw, 107. 
Robertson, 24. 
Robinson, 24. 48. 
Rocket, 27. 

Rockingham, VL, 148. 
Rockwood, 100, 102. 
Rogers, 24. 
Ross, 24. 
Rowley, 24. 
Roxbury, Mass., 3, 7, 31-33, 51, 58. 

77, 108. 
Russell, 34, 64, 108, 118, 144, 146. 
Ryan 24. 
Ryder, 24, 108. 

Salem, Mass., 10. 

Sampson, 61. 

Sanford, 10. 

Sargent, 8. 

Savell, 71, 121. 

Schenkl, 24. 

Schneider, 24. 

Schools, 7-10, 41-43, 48-51, 106-108. 

Schouler, 24. 

Scituate, 3lass., 30, 140. 

Scott, 24. 

Seaborn, 37, 73. 

Sewall, 58, 60. 

Seyfarth, 24. 

Shackley, 24, 

Shaffer, 24. 

Sharon, Mass., 18, 38, 51, 70, 77, 81, 

119, 151. 
Shaw, 24, 82, 95, 96. 
Shapleigh, 24. 
Shattuck, 24. 
Sheehan, 24. 
Sheffield, 103. 
Shepard, 143, 
Shephard, 24. 
Shepherd, 13. 
Sherborn, Mass., 104. 
Sheridan, 24. 25. 

Slier win, 25. 

Shorey, 50. 

Shufeldt, 25. 

Shuttle worth, 26, 77, 146. 

Simonds, 12. 

Simpson, 25. 

Skelton, 10-14. 

Skillen, 63. 

Skinner. 38, 76, 154. 

Shifter, 7, 48, 79, 106, 123. 

Small wood, 25. 

Smeedy, 25. 

Smith, 8, 25, 26, 30-33, 71, 100, 101. 

136-140, 156. 
Snell, 26. 

Sons of Liberty, 123, 135. 
Soule, 26. 

Southboro, Mass., 107. 
Spear, 8. 

Spencer, Mass., 39. 
Sprague, 77. 

Springfield, Mass., 14, 1.5. 
Stage Coaches, 15. 
Stamp Act, 130. 
Stanton, 26. 
Staubach, 26. 
Steele, 79, 80, 82, 83. 
Steiner, 26. 
Stetson, 156. 
Stevens, 65. 

Stimson, 5, 6, 80, 109, 110. 
Stoll, 65. 

Stone, 65, 140-145. 
Stoughton, Mass., 18, 32, 38, 39, 79. 
Stow, 146. 
Stowe, 10, 48. 
Stratton, 145. 
St rout, 65. 
Sulkoski, 65. 
Sullivan, 65, 66. 
Sumner, 66, 71, 79, 109, 110, 120. 
Swan, 10, 42. 
Swasey. 64, 144. 
Swett, 66. 
Swift, 71, 120, 153. 

Taft, 9, 66. 

Talbot, 50, 51, m, 108. 

Tangney, 66. 

Tarbox, 66. 

Taunton, Mass., 38, 76. 

Taylor, 6(), 101. 

Teeling. 66. 

Teisle, 66. 

Temperley. 66. 

Templeton, Mass., 7. 

Tenny, 8. 

Terry, 66. 

Tewksbury, Mass., 66, 67. 

Thacher, 58, 146. 



Thackwell, 67. 

Thayer, 9, 99, 148, 140. 

Thomas, 67, 1.56. 

Thompson, 67. 

Thorp, 118. 

Thurston, 48, .54. 

Tibbetts, 38, 67. 

Tilden, 52, .54, 56, 83, 102, 

TiUi no-hast, 67. 

Tisdale, 67. 

Titcomb, 48, 67. 

Tulmnn, 9, 60, 64, 67, 141, 142, 144. 

Tomson, 27. 

Tovvne, 67. 

Tracy, 67. 

Treadwell, 67. 

Tucker, 38, 64, 67, 70. 145. 

Tully, 68. 

Turner, 68. 

Turnpikes, 14. 

Tyler, 8. 

Ungiaube, ^^^. 

Upham, 9, 68. 

Upton, Maxs., 105, 106, 148. 119. 

Urrv, 68. 

Uxbridge, Mms., 9, lii4, 148. 

Yixn Brunt, 68. 
Yan Dorin, 68. 
Vaughn, 68. 

Wadsworth, 37. 

Waite, 39, 68. 

Wales, 98. 

Walker, 33. 

Wallace, 68. 

Walley, Q^, 99. 

Walpole, 3/a.s.s-., 29 33, 60 64, 76, 101, 

107, 108, 1.56. 
Walsh, 68. 
AValter, 68. 
Ward, 3S, 143. 
Ware, 27, 29, 33, 37, 73, 75. 
Warren, 81. 
"W^aters, Q"^. 

^Vatertown,, 143. 
Weatherbee. 80. 
AYeathers, 69. 
AVeathersfield, Vt, 9. 
Webb, 69. 
AVebster, 69. 

AA^eeks, 69, 155. 
Welch, 69. 

AA^elleslev, Mass., 140. 
AA^ells, 108. 
AVelsh, 69. 
West, 38. 

Westboro, Mass., 48. 
AA^'estminstei', Mafis., 150. 
AVest IkOxburv, Mass., 109. 
Wheaton, 40. 
Wheelock, 105. 
] Whi taker, 69. 
White, 16, 18, 69, 70, 73, 106, 107, 120, 

Whitino-, 7, 26, 28, 29, .34, 42, 65, 69, 

14(). 156. 
AVhitnier, 145. 
Whitney, 7, 69. 
Whittemore, 16, 71. 121. 
Wickford, U. I., 10. 
AVio-oriii, i,j6. 
Wioht, 10, 52, 6;), 75, 101, 108, 148, 

AVilcox, 141, 144. 
Wilder, 8. 
Wiley. 69. 
Wilkenson. 152. 
Williams, 80. 
Willis, 69, 97. 
AVilmington, Mass., 13. 
AVilson, 27," 37, 48, .54, 56, 69, 102, 

141. 145. 
Winn, 13. 
Winslow, 143. 
AA^inthrop, 57, 58. 60. 
\Vithington, 39, 70, 71, 121, 1.53. 
Wo burn, Mass., 10-14, rh). 
Wolley, 69. 
Wood, 9, 69-71, 153. 
Woods, 70. 
AVoodbury, 143. 
\V()od\var{l, 70. 

AVorcester, Mass., 9, 106, 107, 142. 
\Vorthen, 70. 
AVorthington, 1, 42, 79, 81, 82, 123, 

Wrentham, Mass., 7, 26-29, 33, 54, 

74, 103-106. 
Wright. 104, 144. 
Wylie, 70. 
WVman, 13, 16. 









Dedhain Transcript Press. 



SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS OF DEDHAM CttHoS ISlafter. 5, 42, 83, 122 


PARTRIDGE FAMILY Lyman Partridge. 14 



THE FISHER FAMILY PUUp A, Fisher. 25, 50, 85, 131 

DIARY OF DR. NATHANIEL AMES Edna F. Galder. 27, 54, 90, 137 

BIRTHS IN STOUGHTONHAM (sharon) William B. Mann. 29, 57, 94, 132 


THE NEW TOWN OF WESTAVOOD Benjamin Fisher. 33 

WHO WAS ASAHEL SMITH ? John E. Aldcn. 38 


HON. GEORGE H. KUHN Georgc K. Clarke. 48 





JOHN 60LDING Mrs. I. B. WMtmore. 76 


Erastus Worthington. 78 




Willard Barwood. 97 



NEKDIIA3I EPITAPHS C C Grceuwood. 125 

andpj:w dexter 8. N. J), jyorth. 135 




1. Asahel Smith 95 

2. Journal of Plon. George H. Kuhn 138 

3. Philip Draper, Nathaniel Parker and Nathaniel A. 138 



1. Samuel Allen , 32 

2. Kingsbury Family .32 

3. Felch Family 96 

INDEX 1.39 


FAiEEANKS HOUSE. A pliotogvavure Fadng iitlejicige 

DAVID ADDISON iiAKEPv. A heliotype from an amhrotype taken 

about ISOO 9 

KUSSKLL c'c BAKEK\s FACTOEY. A Jialf-tone reproduction of a 

photograph taken about 1867 12 

CLAPI50ARD-TREES p.ARisii. A photo-lUhograpMc copy of an 

old map) (181S)9^owj in the library of the Dedham Historical 

Society 33 

CALVIN GUILD. A heUotype froni a photograjjh 65 


reproduction of a photograph taken in 1874 97 


of a roood cut, which appears in Tilden^s History of Med- 
Jield, page 187; used here by permission of Mr. George 

H. Ellis, PvblUher 98 

THE BAXTER MONUMENT. A half-touc reproduction of a photo- 

graph 102 


reproduction of a p/hotograph taken in October, 1891 ...' . 104 


DEDHAM Historical Society, 


Don Gleason Hill, 
Erastus Worthixgtox, 
John H. Burdakin, 
Julius H. Tuttle, 
Harriet T. Boyd, 
George W. Humphrey, 




Corresponding Secretary 

Recording Secretary 


Don Gleason Hill, 
Erastus Worthington, 
John H. Burdakin, 
A. Ward Lamson, 
Carlos Slafter, 
Julius H. Tuttle, 



Don Gleason Hill, 
John H. Burdakin, 
Julius H. Tuttle, 
Julius H. Tuttle, 
Harriet T. Boyd, 
Edna F. Calder, 
M. Gardner Boyd,. 

Committee on Publication 

. Editor 

Associate Editor 

Business Manager 

The Dedham Historical Register. 

Vol. VIII. January, 1897. No. 1. 

By Alvin Lincoln Jones. 

"TN some respects the homestead of the Fairbanks family is 
-■- entitled to the first place in considering the claims of the 
numerous old houses in the State to our regard and attention. 
It is, beyond comparison, more picturesque, and in its primitive 
simplicity it brings us nearer to a true understanding of the 
actual appearance and characteristics of the homes of our fore- 
fathers, than any other house we have seen. 

From the outside it is difficult to realize that this is an occu- 
pied dwelling. It seems more like an ideal picture, brought 
before our wondering eyes by some magic power of art. The 
gray walls, tinted by the brush of Father Time with the -natural 
stain of the rain-drops ; the moss-grown shingles on the roof 
in varying shades of sage and mauve ; the deep green of the 
tall old elms; the brightness of the meadow carpet, stretching 
away to the south, dotted with the yellow and white of the " Mar- 
guerite " and the buttercup ; the purple shadows on the tree- 
trunks and on the weather-beaten clapboards, — make up a com- 
position of form and color which is hard to equal. 

It is impossible, in one photograph, to show even the con- 
struction of this house, much less its remarkable quaintness and 
picturesqueness. We have chosen the view from the back, as it 
appears when approached from the railroad station. No other 
point shows so well the lowness of the house as it nestles among 

This paper is an abstract of a chapter in an illustrated work entitled : 
*' Under Colonial Roofs." The riiotogravure view is reproduced at this time^ 
as much interest has been expressed lately in the preservation of the house. 


the tall and stately trees. Facing southerlj^, the house stands on 
one of the best corner lots in the town. As we come to examine 
details, we shall see that the house is in three sections, a main 
part and two wings. The entire length of the house, including 
the wings, is seventy-five feet. The main or middle part has a 
pitch-roof extending down over the leanto at the back to within 
a few feet of the ground. Both wings are gambrel roofed. Long 
years ago an Indian arrow projected from the roof, having been 
there beyond the memory of any of the family. In reshingling, 
the arrow was pulled out and has now disappeared. 

As we stand before the front door we can count eight win- 
dows, of which no two are alike in size. Being irregularly 
placed, the effect is very peculiar. The boarding of the outside 
walls will also attract attention ; for we may see an assortment 
of sizes ranging from a narrow clapboard four inches v/ide to 
some heavy boards measuring twenty-one inches across. Contrary 
to the usual custom, we do not find the chimney and the front 
door exactly in the centre, one of the very few exceptions to 
this rule of building of two centuries ago that we have seen. 
This deviation results in making one of the main rooms larger 
than the other. The old well, where formerly the well-sweep 
hung, is in front of the door, although the house is now supplied 
by the town water. 

In addition to the main chimney we shall notice a smaller 
one in the eastern wing. The western wing never had a chim- 
ney, the rooms having been principally used by the hired men 
as sleeping apartments. Although connected with the main part 
b}^ a door, it stands as a separate house, being built up against 
the old structure, as may be seen by an examination of the 
cellar. This wing is about one hundred and fifty years old. 

The doorways throughout the house are so low that a person 
of medium height can scarcely pass through without bending the 
head. The lower front entry measures eight feet in width and 
three and one-half feet in depth. From this diminutive hall five 
doors open, — the front outside door, those opening into the rooms 
on either side, a door at the foot of the stairway to the floor above, 


and another at the head of the stairs to the cellar. The back wall 
of the upper stairway is formed by the wall of the chimney, as is 
usual in houses of this period, and the bricks have never been 
covered. This is the only case of the kind we have ever seen. 
In the hall we first noticed the extent of the settling of the walls, 
the front wall having dropped little by little until the timbers 
which run from front to back have broken clear through. Extra 
pieces have been put in as braces, some of them measuring 
eleven inches in length. 

We passed into the kitchen at the left of the entry. It is 
about sixteen feet square, and is only lighted by two narrow win- 
dows on the front. Overhead all the beams and rafters show, 
this room never having been plastered. All the woodwork in the 
kitchen has turned to a deep chocolate brown, the result of age 
and the smoke from the wood fires of two centuries. The old 
fire place has now been covered in ; the brick oven still re- 
mains, but it has outlived its usefulness. As the floor of the 
kitchen is a foot or more lower than the room in the leanto, a 
square log has been placed in the doorway as a step. The 
smooth, deep hollow in this log, caused by the passing and re- 
passing of countless footsteps, was one of the most interesting 
features of the house. 

Crossing the entry we enter the parlor. This was originally 
about two-thirds of the size of the kitchen. An addition was 
built on to the eastern end, adding about six feet to the width 
and allowing for two extra windows. The parlor has been plas- 
tered and is in other ways more modern than the kitchen. It is 
one of the lowest rooms in the house, measuring in the highest 
part not over six feet in height, and near the front wall which 
has sunk so much, it is several inches less. The leanto contains 
a room back of the parlor, which was formerly a bedroom, and a 
long room back of the kitchen and chimney, once used . as a sit- 
ting-room and work-room. The bedroom has one small window. 
The other room has two windows and an outside door, which, 
owing to the sinking of the walls, is now but four feet and four 
inches high. 


Although the leanto is two steps higher than the main rooms, 
we must go up still another to enter the eastern wing. With the 
exception of a kitchen we found this quite a cosy tenement, hav- 
ing two lower rooms, and one upper room. A very odd little 
porch has been squeezed into the corner of the house, opening 
from the larger room. A " settle'' or seat fills up one side. One 
window looks out beside this porch and two others across the 
yard at the back. 

In the north-east corner is a chimney, with a fireplace in each 
of the lower rooms. In the parlor, over the fireplace, still swings 
a wooden crane, five feet long. The smaller room in tlie wing 
was a chamber, and is only separated from the parlor by a board 
partition. The fireplace in the chamber once was ornamented 
with old-fashioned blue Dutch tiles, two of which still remain. 
This room has two windows. From the main room a winding 
stair ascends to the chamber above, which is as large as both of 
the lower rooms. 

Retracing our steps, we found ourselves in the front entry 
again, from which we went up the enclosed stairway, where the 
chimney bricks show, to the floor above. The more we investi- 
gated this old part the more surprised we w^ere that a wooden 
house could have stood so long with such slight changes. The 
great hewn timbers show plainly here, the upright posts widen- 
ing out at the top support the transverse beams. The up]3er 
entry is about the same size as the one below and is lighted by 
one window, the outside size of the entire casement being seven- 
teen by twenty-two inches. The window-panes are the seven by 
nine size. 

The kitchen chamber, like the room below, has never been 
lathed or plastered. It is a large room, yet the light is only 
admitted by one small window, twenty inches high and twenty- 
eight inches wide. The entire window opens outwardly from 
the side. 

The house contains many relics of the family who have lived 
here through eight generations. The homestead has never been 
deeded. A Fairbanks built it, and his descendants have always 
owned and occupied it. 



By Carlos Slafter. 

{Continued from Vol. FiT., page 108.) 

As the schools and teachers have become more numerous, 
and the records of some districts have been lost, it becomes very 
difficult to find the personal history of many, who, no doubt, 
contributed most valuable services. Frequently we have to be 
satisfied with only a name and a proximate date. But as a record 
this may have an interest and value hereafter : so, we do not 
think best to omit even the most imperfect data relating to our 

Eliza Gay, afterwards Mrs. Perkins of Sharon, taught the 
Mill School in 1830, and the Second Middle in 1836. In her 
will she remembered West Dedham, her birthplace, by a legacy 
for the benefit of their branch of the Town Library. 

In the winter of 1831-2 William L. Stearns was master of 
the Clapboardtrees School. 

In the winter of 1833-4 Lovell Child was master in the 
Clapboardtrees district. 

For two winters, 1833-4 and 1835-6, the Mill School was 
taught by Mr. E. A. Bradeen. 

The intervening winter school of 1834-5 was in charge of 
Mr. C. W. Skates. 

The Mill School, in the summer of 1834, was taught by Miss 
T. C. Hamlet. 

Lyman Washington Dean taught the Clapboardtrees School 
during the winter of 1834-5. He was the son of Asa and Chloe 
(Bourne) Dean of Attleborough, born Feb. 22, 1805, and was 
educated chiefly at Wrentham Academy. He married Mayette 
Ingraham of Attleboro, April 8, 1833. "He taught school first 
in Rehoboth ; worked on the farm summers and taught winters 
in Attleborough, Taunton, Canton, and last in Dedham." In 
1835 he took charge of a temperance hotel in Attleborough, and 


bought it in 1837. The same year he became postmaster, and so 
continued, with one short interruption, for twenty-four years. 
He was a member of the State Senate in 1850 ; afterwards Sheriff 
of Bristol County. His ability as a public speaker was often ser- 
viceable to his political friends. Air. Dean died March 7, ] 891, 
in Attleborough, "completing a long, useful, and honorable life." 

In 1834 Thomas Rotch Bourne, a student in medicine, was 
employed as teacher in the East Street School. He died in 1839. 

About 1835 Harriet E. Colburn, daughter of Ellis and Celia 
(Baker) Colburn, taught at Walpole Corner. She married 
Edward Freeman of Bellingham, who was a teacher in the same 
school a little later. 

Sarah Baker, daughter of Captain Aaron Baker, taught in 
West Dedham the summer of 1835. 

For twenty weeks in 1835-6, Mr. John Pierce was master of 
the West Dedham School. Afterwards he became a Universalist 

Anthony Brackett taught three months in the Second 
Middle School, 1835-6. 

Galen Spare, from Dec. 3, 1835, to March 23, 1836, taught 
in the Ninth District. He was the son of Elijah and Sally 
(Clapp) Spare, born April 11, 1815. Married Sarah Ann Briggs 
of Canton, Nov. 26, 1844. Was educated at Pierce Academy, 
Middleboro. Taught school in Milton in 1842. Engaged 
in trade at South Canton and was Collector of Taxes. Was a 
life member of the Home Missionary Society. Died March 1, 
1867, and was buried in Forest Hills Cemetery. 

Miss Mary Ann Talbot taught the West Dedham School 
two summers, 1835 and 1836. She also taught in Milton, Mass. 
She was a native of Sharon, Mass., the daughter of Josiah and 
Mary (Richards) Talbot. In 1837 she w^as united in marriage 
to Setli Colburn of AYest Dedham, and in 1894 was a resident of 
Holliston, Mass. 

Miss Catherine Smith, who became Mrs. Warren Covell, was 
employed a few weeks in the same school in the summer of 1836, 

1897.] OF DEDHAM. 7 

Miss Abigail, the daughter of Sabin Baker, was the teacher 
of a school in West Dedham a few weeks in the summer of 1836. 
Not many years later she died in Providence, K. I. 

Abigail Colburn, for twenty weeks in 1836, was a teacher in 
West Dedham. Was she the daughter of Eliphalet, and did she 
marry Charles E. Morse ? 

In the summer of 1836 a Miss Hawes of Walpole taught the 
Mill School five weeks. 

From May to October, 1836, George Stearns occupied the 
master's chair in Clapboardtrees. 

Mr. J. A. Boutelle taught the Mill School successfully in the 
winter of 1836-7. 

Levina R. Gay had charge of the summer schools in Clap- 
boardtrees in 1836 and 1837, the intervening winter school 
being in charge of Mr. Jacob Clark. 

The twin daughters of Dr. Abijah and Lavina (Tyler) Draper 
of Roxbury, were for a term each in charge of Dedham schools. 
They were born July 21, 1810 ; and both attended the Bradford 
Young Ladies' Seminary, then in charge of Benjamin Greenleaf, 
the Arithmetician. Miss Augusta taught the Second Middle 
School twent37'-four weeks in the summer of 1832. She married 
Mr. Chauncy Woodward of Brooldine, Nov. 25, 1847, and re- 
sided in West Roxbury till her death, Sept. 4, 1877. 

Miss Amanda had charge of the Mill School twenty-six 
weeks, in 1837. She never married, and died at West Roxbury 
April 26, 1879. Her uncontrollable grief at the loss of her 
brother and sibter, with whom she had always lived, is supposed 
to have shortened her life. 

Atherton T. Wilde of Brain tree took charge of the First 
Middle School in 1837. He was teaching it in 1838, for on June 
18th of that year his school was examined in the presence of six 
members of the Town Committee. They criticised his discipline, 
but his pupils were very fond of him. 

The Westfield School was in charge of Miss Elizabeth H. 
Haven two summers, 1836 and 1840. In 1841 she was united in 


marriage to the Rev. Solomon Clark of Northampton, who was 
seven years a minister of the Evangelical church in Canton, hav- 
ing been installed Nov. 12, 1851. Mrs. Clark was a person of 
many excellent qualities which commanded the respect and 
esteem of all who came within the sphere of her influence. 

Samuel Bradley Noyes, son of Samuel and Elizabeth Morrill 
Noyes, instructed the Clapboardtrees School two winters, 1837-8 
and 1838-9. Mr. Noyes is a well-known lawyer of Canton, an 
entertaining writer, an accomplished singer, and a most genial 
gentleman. His life may be read in the History of Norfolk 
County, for which he contributed the excellent condensed his- 
tory of Canton, the town in which he has resided since he began 
the practice of law in 1847. He was born in Dedham, April 9, 
1817, graduated at Harvard in 1844, and v/as united in marriage 
to Miss Georgiana Beaumont in 1850. 

His sister, Maria, was also a teacher of Dedham in the First 
Middle School, 1838 and 1839. She was a member of the church 
of which Dr. Burgess was pastor, also a singer in the choir and 
teacher in the Sunday School. In all these relations she was, in 
the language of a friend, " active, faithful and conscientious." 
She died young. 

From 1837 to 1843, Miss Mary Colburn, daughter of Isaac 
and Mary, taught school in Dedham : first in West Dedham, 
then at Readville, and last at West Dedham again. She was 
married to Elijah Wheelock, Jr., in 1845, and spent the later 
years of her life in South Dedham and Norwood. Her only own 
brother was Dana P. Colburn, the author of valuable works on 
Arithmetic, and also distinguished as a Normal teacher in Rhode 
Island. Mrs. Wheelock always manifested a lively interest in 
the subject of education — especially in the education of her own 
promising family of children. She died in 1894. 

Mr. James B. Richards, the son of a missionary to the Sand- 
wich Islands of the same name, taught the Westfield School in 
1838-39, and the Second Middle School in 1839-40. He had 
been educated at Phillips Academy, Andover, and continued the 
business of an instructor. At the time of his death it is said 


that he was in charge of an institution for the weak minded in 
South Boston. I think he was the first of a line of teachers em- 
ployed in the Westfield District for long winter terms, through 
the influence, and largely at the expense of the Rev. Dr. Eben- 
ezer Burgess. These winter schools were attended by many 
pupils from other districts, on account of the advantages there 
offered for pursuing advanced studies preparatory to college. 

{To he continued.) 


David Addison Baker was the son, and third of four 
children, of David and Dene (Holmes) Baker of West Dedham, 
and was born at the homestead of his grandparents, tloseph and 
Monica (Gay) Baker, which was also the home of his parents, 
on December 11, 1810. Tliis place was situated on the road to 
South Dedham (now Norwood) on Pond Plain, a short distance 
south of Buckmaster Pond, and was later known as the Nathan- 
iel Noyes place. It is now owned by Mr. Reynolds. 

Joseph Baker served during the Revolutionary War, and his 
name appears on the muster roll of Captain Joseph Guild's com- 
pany of Minute Men who marched to meet the British on the 
19th of April, 1775. (See page 20.) David Addison when a 
boy used to enjoy the stories and songs of his grandparents about 
the war, and in his quiet old age, with his memory still per- 
fectly retained, he delighted to recall those tales of the stirring 
times, and what an important day it was to him when he went 
with his grandfather to Boston to draw the pension money. 

Mr. Baker received his education in the school near his 
home, and at an early age began his business career. An oppor- 
tunity offered itself at the shop of Mr. Abijah Colburn, father- 
in-law of his brother, Mr. Bradford Baker, on the Hartford 
Turnpike, west of Buckmaster Pond, where he served an appren- 
ticeship and learned the cabinet-maker's trade. At this time,among 

The accompanying lieliotype follows an ambrotype taken about 18G0. 


his fellow workmen, was Mr. Ira Russell, who had come from 
his home in Shrewsbury, Vermont; and in April, 1833, we find 
these two young men, who had entered into partnership under 
the name of Russell & Baker, in business in the Upper Village. 
They occupied the factory, bought of Mr. Samuel Ivers, and 
used in connection with this a small building called the turning 
mill, situated at the mill-dam on what was later known as 
Fisher's Ice Pond. Horse power for a short time, and then 
steam power was used in the large building, and water power in 
the other one ; and with the small number of men which they 
first employed they were able to supply the demand for the bed- 
steads which they made. The main factory and warehouse, for- 
merly used by Mr. Ivers in making the same kind of furniture, 
was situated a little way back of the present house of Mr. 
Francis Turner, and the well, which was dug to supply water 
for steam power, may be seen to-day in Mr. Turner's back yard. 
Mr. Ivers later occupied the factory, which stood until recent 
years back of the house nov/ owned by Mrs. Dexter Bacon. His 
son, Mr. William H. Ivers, learned here the first principles of 
the cabinet-maker's trade, and later in life established the well- 
known firm of Ivers &> Pond, piano manufacturers. 

Messrs. Russell & Baker were fortunate in the gradual in- 
crease of business which followed the introduction of steam 
power. How long they continued to occupy the small building 
at the dam is not known, nor is it clear how much earlier than 
1833 they began work in this building, which was used mainly 
for the turning lathes. Their business soon became one of the 
leading industries in this section of the country, and they were 
able to compete successfully with other manufacturers of the 
same kind. 

The land on which the factory and warehouse stood was 
bought in 1833 of Samuel Ivers, who had purchased the same 
of Reuben Guild in 1826. It was owned, at least as early as 
1798, by Calvin Whiting. In 1841, Russell & Baker bought of 
Eliphalet Baker a strip of land, running from the southerly end 
of this lot to Western Avenue, now knovv^i as Village Avenue. 


On this new purchase they had a building which was used for 
various purposes connected with the business, in which they 
later had their office and warehouse. A passageway for teams 
ran over these two lots from High street to Western Avenue. 
Mr. David A. Baker bought of Eliphalet Baker, in 1840, his 
house lot, on the corner of Western Avenue and High Street, 
adjoining the Paul Fisher estate now owned by Mrs. Charles 

The business of the firm continued to increase for more than 
fifteen years, until November 19, 1850, when the main factory 
and several buildings near by were destroyed by fire. This fire 
started in Melzar Kingsbury's house about two o'clock in the 
morning, and burned this, the barn near by, the factory with the 
packing shop, Mr. Kussell's house, then occupied by Mr. Blenus, 
and a barn owned by Calvin Guild. It also burned the corner 
of the old grocery store attached to Mr. Guild's house. The firm 
began to rebuild, on a site nearer Village Avenue, with the help 
of their employees numbering fifty or more, who put in their 
time rather than to remain idle. 

At this time the "Corner" was the busiest part of the 
town, and many residents here remember the lively times for 
the Upper Village ; and they especially recollect the ball which 
was held in the new building before the machinery was put in, 
when the large rooms were scenes of great gayety. Dining- 
room furniture was now added to the products of the factory, 
and found a ready sale. This new structure, about 50 by 120 
feet in size, was short-lived, and June 1, 1853, it was destroyed 
by fire. This second loss was heavy, and included two additional 
buildings and a large quantity of valuable lumber. When the 
second building was erected, Mr. Lemuel Dana, who lived on 
Westfield Street, interested himself in keeping the manufactory 
in the upper village, and even superintended the new structure 
as an evidence of the general desire to keep it there. 

The firm then purchased of the Boston & Providence Kail- 
road Company the piece of land at the corner of High and Rail- 
road Streets, which included the site of the old brick station, and 


an additional lot belonging to Edward B. Holmes, who then be- 
came a member of the firm, and who lived on Federal Hill, on 
what is now known as the Weld place. The manufactory now 
consisted of two large bnildings and some smaller ones, which 
had previously been put to various uses connected with the mak- 
ing of machinery. The number of hands employed by Russell, 
Baker & Holmes soon increased to more than 100, and 
chamber, hall, library and dining-room furniture, as well as 
fine bedsteads were made ; and the firm continued to sustain their 
wide reputation. Most of the birch lumber, at this time, which 
came to Boston was controlled by them, and their patrons were 
among the largest firms in this country. Orders came in from 
San Francisco, New Orleans, Galveston, Houston, Baltimore, 
and other large places. At the time of buying here, Messrs. 
Phelps & Kingman of New York offered to assist them in the 
purchase and pledged them large orders when they were able to 
begin. Some idea of the extent of their business may be gained 
from the fact that one of their large orders from Clark & Wil- 
bur of San Francisco amounted to 835,000. Goods shipped to 
that city were sent by water around Cape Horn, taking about 
120 days for delivery. With the best of wood selected, great 
care in its preparation, and skilled workmanship, the firm found 
a ready market for the various products of the factory. 

The picture accompanying this paper is a half-tone reproduc- 
tion of a photograph taken soon after the close of the Rebellion 
by Mr. Chapman, who had a photographic saloon close by the 
buildings, on Railroad street. The view is taken from a point 
near the brush factory, looking across the tracks of the Boston & 
Providence Railroad. The building at the left is the finishing 
building and warehouse, while the one at the right is the factory 
proper, which had a basement story on High Street. At the large 
door of the warehouse stands a wagon and three horses, receiv- 
ing a load of furniture. The two large buildings may be seen 
now (1897) directly across Eastern Avenue, one being occupied 
by M. Keelan & Son's tin shop and Mr. A. L. Weeks, painter, 
the other standing in the rear. 


In 1861 the firm of Russell & Baker was dissolved. Mr. 
Baker continued alone until 1863, when Mr. Starrett joined him, 
and the business was carried on under the name of Baker & 
Starrett, and this partnership continued until 1864 and then Mr. 
Starrett retired. During the war the loss of a good part of the 
southern trade did not effect the business, and there was no in- 
terruption of the work. Mr. Baker's son, Mr. Addison G. Baker, 
upon his return from the war, entered into partnership with his 
father, in 1864, and the firm took the name of D. A. Baker & 
Son. The business continued until October 15, 1872, when the 
whole property was sold to the Boston & Providence Railroad 
Corporation, who paid 40 cents a foot for the land, said to be the 
highest price paid for any land in this village down to that time. 

Mr. Baker now retired from active life, and spent his re- 
maining days at his quiet home at the corner of High Street 
and Village Avenue, where he had lived since he built the 
house in 1840. He was married to Miss Jane Ann, daughter 
of Calvin and Ruth (Billings) Grover, of Foxborough, on 
December 1, 1836 ; and she was born there on June 20, 
1809. She was educated at Dr. Baker's school in Dorchester, 
and Rev. Mr. Blake's Classical Institute in Medfield. She 
taught the school in the Westfield district, later known as 
the Burgess School, and also in Mansfield and Foxborough 
in 1832 and 1836. (See Register, YII. 50.) She died on 
Jan. 21, 1881, leaving to him, her family and friends, tender 
recollections of her sterling character and of her high devo- 
tion to her home and the best interests of those about her. 

Upon his leaving active life Mr. Baker feared that he 
should find it very hard to become used to the change, but 
his fondness for reading })rought him many pleasant hours, 
especially at the time when his strength and hearing failed. 
During his whole life Mr. Baker had been interested in pub- 
lic matters, and in his reading diligently kept abreast with 
the times. He was particularly interested in historical books, 
and within a short time of his death, which occurred on De- 
cember 13, 1896, he had read several histories of Massachu- 


setts, and had spent much time in studying Mr. Hill's Early 
Eecords of Dedham. He found much enjoyment also in read- 
ing the Kegister. 

Mr. Baker took a deep interest in the activities of the 
Upper Village, and was at one time, during the district system, 
on the prudential committee of the school there, and was 
interested in the establishment of the Engine Company. He 
had since early life been a member of the First Congregational 
Church, and was more or less actively interested in its welfare, 
at one time holding the office of assessor. At his death, in 
point of time, he was one of the oldest members of the Dedham 
Historical Society, in whose welfare he was always interested. 

Those who knew him intimately can testify to his straight- 
forward, honest life, and the quiet dignity which he showed 
in all his dealings with others. He inherited the sterling 
integrity and strength of character of his New England an- 
cestry, numbering among them Bradford and Alden, Belcher, 
Gay and Holmes. Two children survive him, Mrs. George 
B. Loring and Mr. Addison G. Baker. 


By Eev. Lyman Partridge, of Dedham. 

{Continued from Vol. VII.,imge 151.) 

Genealogy is rich in revelations. That of the Partridge 
family is not unlike that of many other old families of Massa- 
chusetts. Therefore, even to those not belonging to the familj^ 
these revelations are worthy of consideration. All may thus 
learn something of the daily life and habits of the people of for- 
mer generations. 

The Genealogy of the Partridge family reveals that from 1651 
to 1851 :— 

Nearly every adult was the owner of a home. They did not 
live in hired houses. Many a young man, like William and John 
Partridge, owned a farm and house, before he had a wife. There 


was the proverb, very popular during those two centuries, though 
now seldom quoted " Get your cage, before you catch your bird." 

Nearly all married ; and for the most part, younger than at 
the present time. There was then scarcely any employment by 
which a woman could support herself. In this respect there is a 
vast difference between the past and the present. Many of the 
young men were not obliged to earn a home. This fact is illus- 
trated in the history of the Partridge family. John Partridge 
received grants of land first in Dedham, and afterwards in what 
is now Medfleld and Medway. He was thus able to give farms 
to his sons. His son, Dea. John Partridge, did the same for his 
sons. His son Benoni sold his farm for a nominal price to two 
of his sons, Timothy and Moses, and seems to have provided 
for other sons. His son Moses gave his only son Simeon one- 
half of his farm. This farm, enlarged by the purchase of land 
in the vicinity, was inherited by his only son Elihu. Most of 
the men of our family for six generations, received farms at the 
time of their marriage, either given to them, or sold at a small 
price. There was plenty of lumber upon each farm, so that a 
house could be cheaply built. In some cases as that of the sec- 
ond John Partridge, the Avife also received a farm from her 
father, and then the young husband became the possessor of two 
farms. In this respect the 3^oung men of the past were far differ- 
ently situated from many of the present. 

Most lived very 2^lctinly. The first dwellings of Samuel and 
Zechariah Partridge were log cabins ; the houses of Benoni, and 
Moses Partridge were small. The food consisted of beef, pork, 
beans, and corn and rye bread. Pork was eaten far more than 
beef; many families had but little of the latter. Early one win- 
ter, just before Benoni Partridge was about to kill his only fat 
hog, a hungry bear devoured it, and the family had no meat 
that winter. Even as late as one hundred years ago, flour was a 
luxury. The richest families of Massachusetts did not have flour 
bread upon the table more than once a week. The first carpet 
owned in the northern part of West Medway was bought by one 
of our family in 1834, and is now (1897) in use. 


There ivas a strong desire that homesteads might continue in 
the possession of a son^ from generation to generation ; hence, 
almost every one of our ancestors either "made" his will, or gave 
a deed of the home farm to a son, who must provide for the 
parents through life, and at their death pay certain sums of 
money to the other children, and frequently land beyond the 
home place was bequeathed to them. 

The property of most consisted of buildings, land and cattle, 
I have examined many inventories made from 1653 to 1851, par- 
ticularly of the first century. They reveal the fact that while 
most of our ancestors left a good property, only a few had 
money at interest. Promissory notes, mortgages, bonds and 
stocks were held by only the very rich. 

There has been a great change ofojnnion concerning the ^^nn- 
ciples of religious liberty. In the covenant of Dedham, pre- 
pared near the time of its incorporation in 1,636, it is written : 

1. We whose names ar here vnto subscribed doe in the feare and 
Reuerence of our AUmightie God, Mutually : and seuerally pmise 
amongst our selues, and each to other to pffesse and practice one 
trueth according to that most pfect rule, the foundacion where of is 
Euerlasting Loue: 

2. That we shall by all meanes Laboure to keepe of from vs all 
such, as ar contrarye minded. And receaue onely such vnto vs, as 
be such as may be pbably of one harte, with vs as that we either 
knowe, or may well and truely be informed to walke in a peaceable con- 
uersation with all meekeness of spirit for the edification of each other 
in the knowledg and faith of the Lord Jesus. . . . 

5. And for the better manefestation of our true resolution heere 
in, euery man so receaued : to subscribe heere vnto his name, there by 
obligeing both himself and his successors after him for euer. as we 
haue done. 

From this covenant we learn that there was the determin- 
ation to keep off all who were contrary minded, and to receive 
only such as were of one heart with the original settlers, and 
this should be done forever. To this covenant, John Partridge, 
along with more than one hundred other citizens of Dedham 
signed his name. It was their purpose that no other doctrines 


than those which they held, should be preached, or even tolerated. 
There should not be any change "for eur." The principles of 
this covenant were executed in a relentless manner by some of 
the signers, and also by some of their descendants during the 
next one hundred and fifty years in Dedham. (Reg. IV. 32.) 
Medfield (Tilden, 139, and his Bap. Ch. 4-7), and Medway. In 
1753, Eleazer Adams of West Medway, a son of John 
and Deborah Partridge Adams and a grandson of John Part- 
ridge, was imprisoned because he refused to pay his parish tax 
for the support of the church at West Medway. At a Conven- 
tion of Baptist churches held at Bellingham in 1753, a committee 
was appointed to prepare a "Memorial and Remonstrance" 
(Mass. Archives, XIIL, 496-507) to Gov. William Shirley, the 
Council and the House of Representatives, soliciting both "re- 
dress and protection." In that paper it is stated that — 

Even Boston Gaol it seems unhappily begins anew to be the Re- 
ceptacle for such of the Country Baptists in the County of Suffolk, 
that refuse to pay Ministerial Rates. An Ancient Man, named Elea- 
zer Adams a substantial Freeholder of Medway, and a Constant At- 
tender for several years past in the Baptist Meeting at Bellingham, 
was brought away from his own House, Twenty-Seven Miles distance, 
and Commuted close prisoner in said Gaol the 10th of April last, and 
not long before another man, named Jesse Holbrook of Bellingham a 
constant worshipper with the said Baptists was committed to Boston 
Gaol for the minister's rate of Wrentham all bail being refused. (Mass. 
Archives, XIIL, 505.) 

Mr. Adams was then sixty-six years old. A journey of 
twenty-seven miles from Medway to Boston over rough roads 
was far different from what it now is, and imprisonment involved 
much privation and suffering unknown to prisoners at the present 
time. I have recently examined the original document. The 
history that it gives of the relation of the church to the State for 
the previous sixty years is stated candidly, and with evident 
truthfulness. The style of the petition is preeminently respect- 
ful and even deferential ; but it did not avail. On the same page 
on which are written the names of the petitioners is the fol- 
lowing: — 


In Council June 5, 1754. For as much as this petition contains 
several indecent Reflections on the Laws and Legislation of the 
Province, therefore ordered that it be dismissed. 

Thomas Clark, Depty Secy 
In the House of Representatives, Nov. 15, 1754. 

Read and Concurred. T. Hubbard, Spkr. 

About tlie time of Mr. Adams's imprisonment, a number of 
people most of them residing in Medfield, publicly avowed their 
belief that every one should be permitted to worship God accord- 
ing to the dictates of his own conscience, and that no one should 
be compelled by law to attend the services, and pay towards the 
support of any church. (See Tilden.) All of them were active 
christians, and nearly all were prominent citizens. One was 
Ebenezer Mason, son of Thomas and Margery Partridge 
Mason. Yet there were cases of imprisonment of some citizens 
of Medfield like that of Mr. Adams up to at least 1784. (Til- 
den's Bap. Ch. 23.) Rev. James DeNormandie, D.D., in his lec- 
ture in the Old South Course, 1894, upon John Eliot,(b. 1604, d. 
1690), says of his time : The age of religious toleration had not 
begun ; onl}^ a noble soul here and there had arrived at any 
such breadth or light. (New England Magazine, XV., 274.) 
The history of different families in the towns of Dedham, Med- 
field and Medway, shows that very few at the time of the im- 
prisonment of Mr. Adams believed in soul liberty, and desired 
abolishment of the union of Church and State. Yet the number 
was constantly increasing in successive generations, and when it 
was accomplished in 1834 most of the descendants then living, 
not only of John Partridge but also of the other signers of the 
Dedham Covenant, believed in religious liberty.^ 

Genealogy reveals that there has been a great change in the 
educatio7i ofioomen. An examination of the papers in the Pro- 
bate and Registry offices in Boston between 1651 and 1801 shows 
that while most of the men could write their names, many of the 
w^omen could not. This was true of the wife of my ancestor, 

* An Amendment of the third article of the Bill of Rights was then adopted 
V)y a vote of 32,234 to 3273. (Senate Doc. No. 3, 1834.) 


Ralph Wheelock. He graduated at Clare Hall, Cambridge, Eng- 
land in 1626. Among his fellow students in that city were John 
Milton, and Thomas Shepard afterwards pastor at Cambridge, 
Mass. Mr. Wheelock did not marry an educated woman. There 
were hardly any who were educated. Many of the most learned 
men did not believe that their daughters should receive an edu- 
cation. Milton's refusal to allow his three daughters to learn to 
write is an illustration of this fact. For more than one hundred 
years there was not any marked improvement. 

Genealogy does reveal vast changes for the better, not only 
in education and in religious thought, but also in the houses, 
furnishings, and modes of living. While then we may well 
thank God for such ancestors as William, John and Mar- 
gery Partridge, we should be still more thankful that we live 
in a period of greater religious and moral light, and of better 
material good. Genealogy reveals that former generations and 
former times were not better than the present. 

Since beginning this paper, I have found in the English 
work entitled "Visitations of Essex," the record that Bartholo- 
mew Partridge of Navestock in Co. Essex, married Pernell, 
daughter of John Greene of the same place. Their son. Captain 
John Partridge, was the father of John "about 14 yeres 1 634", 
William, Jane, and Margaret. Three of these children may 
have settled in Medfield, though it cannot now be proved. 

Errata— Page 52, Vol. VII., 6th line from top, omit day; page 54, insert 
£ before '♦719.18" ; page 104, 12th line from bottom, change " 1787" to 1737; 
page 151, change the death of Daniel to Sept. 12, 1772 ; same page, Eleazer, 
jr., died Sept. 15, 1775,— the time of the death of Eleazer is not given, in the 
records of Medway, but it was probably near those of Eleazer, jr., and wife, and 
several grandchildren, where there was a "great sickness" in that neighbor- 
hood. His will was admitted to probate on Feb. 6, 1776. (Suffolk, 75, 143.) 





A true Return of the travel and time of Service of the Minute 
Company und the Command of Cap^ Joseph Guild of Dedham in Col 
Greatons Reg* Assembled on the 19*^ of April 1775. 



ice of 

Time of the Amount of 






the Sei 




£ s 


£ s d 

Joseph Guild Cap* 


1. 1. 


1. 1. 4.0 

John Ellis Lieu* 







Eben^ Newel Ditto 







2. 0. 1.3 

John Gay Ditto 




1.17. 2.3 

Isaac Bullard Serj* 


1. 2. 


1. 2. 3.2 

Lews Colburn Ditto 


1. 2. 


1. 2. 3.2 

Nath^i Chickering Ditto 





1. 2. 


1. 5. 1.2 

Eliph* Thorp Ditto 


1. 2. 


1. 2. 3.2 

Amasa Farrington Corp^ 





1. 0. 


1. 2.11.1 

Asa Richards Ditto 





1. 0. 


1. 3. 4.1 

Ambrose Davenport Ditto 


1. 0. 


1. 0. 5.1 

Eben'^ Sumner Ditto 


1. 0. 


1. 0. 5.1 

John Colburn Drumer 





1. 1. 2.2 

Sam^ Adams Private 




0.18. 7 

Thomas Akley 




0.18. 7 

Joseph Baker 




0.18. 7 

Josiah Bullard 




0.18. 7 

Richard Belcher 



Nathan Cook 




0.18. 7 

Sam^ Chickering 




0.18. 7 

Oliver Chickering 




0.18. 7 

John Carbee 




0.17. 2 

Thomas Colburn 




0.17. 2 

John Cardey 




0.18. 7 

Nathan Colburn 




0.18. 7 

WilP" Dean 




0.18. 7 

Jeremiah Dean 




0.18. 7 

Andrew Everet 








Seth Fuller 




0.18. 7 

Benja° Fisher 




0.17. 2 

Lem^ Fales 




0.18. 7 

Daniel Fisher 




0.18. 7 

Hezekiah Farrington 




0.17. 2 

David Fairbank 




0.18. 7 

James Gay 




0.18. 7 

Eben'" Gay 




0.18. 7 


Aaron Guild 

Nath^Gay 26 2s. 2 

Oliver Guild 

Jonas Humfry 20 2s. 4 

David Humfry 

Andrew Lewis 

Jonathan Metcalf, 

John Morse 34 2s. 10 

Abner Pittee 

Dan" Pittee 34 2s. 10 

Josiah Richards 

Thadeus Richards 35 2s. 11 

John Ruggles 

Eben"^ Smith 35 2s. 11 

Thomas Shepard 

Elijah Seabury 

James Stevens 

Lemuel Stowel 

Timothy Stow 

Adam Thorp 

Thomas Wight 

Samuel Wight 

Nathi Wight 

Joseph Guild Cap^ 
Colony Massachusetts Bay Dec^ 25*^ 1775. 
Joseph Guild made Solemn Oath that y® above roll by him Subscribed 
is just & true in all its parts. 

Before me Moses Gill Justice Peace thro y® Province 
Watertown Januf 30*^ 1776 

The Subscribers a Com® appointed by the Gen^ Court to examine 
Muster Rolls, hereby certify that this roll is a true Copy of the Orig^ 

Michael Farley ^ 

S. Holten y Com® 

Sam^^ Moody ) 

In Council Feb^ 2^ 1776 read & allowd & orderd that a Warr* be 
drawn on y® Treas'" for 58. 18. 3^ in full of this roll. 

Perez Morton Dpy Secy. 
[Endorsed] A Copy of Captain Joseph Guild's of Dedham 
Muster roll. 58. 18. 3^ 

[Rev. Rolls, xii. 105, Mass. Archives.] 









1. 0. 










1. 0.11 



















1. 1. 








0. 5. 


0. 8. 










1. 1. 










1. 1. 


















































A List of the Officers and Men who marched from Dedham first 
Parish on the 19*^ day of April. 1775. on the Alarm then made, with 
the N° of Miles and days in Service 

Mens Names 


Days in 


Aaron Fuller Cap* 



£2. O.lOf 

Joseph Lewis L* 





[ Y Avery Ens° 



1. 4.10 

John Gay Serj* 




Eliph^ Fuller 





Will™ Whiting 





Nath^ Kingsbury 




Sam^ Fales 





William Richards 





Nehemiah Fales 





John Wilson 



0. 9. 


Eben'^ Hunting 



0. 6. 


Benj'^ Davenport 




10. 6. 2 

Joseph Billing 





Thomas Eaton 





Abner Lewis 




John Dean 




John Crowser 




Joshua Whiting jun'^ 




Ebenezer Paul 




Benj'' Farrington 



0. 8 

Moses Davis 



0. 6. 


[Jon]*^ Star jun'^ 





Robert Man jun'^ 



0. 5. 


Joseph Onion 





6. 8.11 

Aaron Whiting 





Hezekiah Metcalf . 





Job Earle 



0. 8 

[ ]n Avery 





Nathan Man 





Nathi Bill 



0. 9. 


Moses Whiting 




Eben'^ Gay 



0. 6. 


Benj^ Haws 




[ ]1"^ Fleart 





Israel P:veret Jun'^ 



0. 3. 



[ ]en^' Sheperd 28 6 0.10.10 



23. 6.11 

Calven Dana 



£0. 8 

Will™ Gay jun'^ 



0. 6. 


John Metcalf 




Joshua Fales 



0. 6. 


David Bracket 



0. 4. 


Roswill Woodard 



0. 7. 


Joshua Kingsbery j^ 





Timothy Gay 



0. 4. 


Abiathar Richards j*^ 



0. 4. 


Henry Wight 



0. 4. 


Joseph Wight 



0. 4. 


Eben'^ Farbanks, j^ 



0. 4. 


Joseph Dean jun'^ 



0. 4. 


Timothy Richards jr 



0. 4. 


Jon*" Damon 



0. 4. 


David Smith 



0. 4. 


Isaac Eaton 



0. 4. 


Josiah Fisher 



0. 4. 


Daniel Baker 



0. 4. 


Jesse Brown 



0. 4. 


Tim° Whiting jun'^ 



0. 4. 


' Nath^ Gay 



0. 7. 


Nath^ Weatherbe 






Sam^ Dogget jun'* 



0. 5. 


Nath^ Everett 





Rich^^ Woodard 



0. 5. 




Israel farbanks f 



0. 5. 



Sam^ Adams 





Sam^ Lyon 



0. 5. 


Thomas Pery 



0. .5. 


9. 5. 4 

Thaddeus Stowel 





Daniel Smith 





William Mason 





Thomas Ocinton 




Tirburd Gay 





^2. 0. 


23. 6.11 

2. 0. 8 


Aaron Fuller Cap* 

24 ^J^ OLD STORE. [Jan. 

Suffolk ss Dedham April 15"^ 1776 

The above singing [sic'] Cap Aaron Fuller personaly appeared & 
made oath that this Muster Roll is just and true before me Jonathan 
Metcalf Justice of Peace. 

In Council. June 28*^ 1776. Read & Ordered that a Warr* be 
drawn on the Treasury for ^34. 12. 11. in full of the within Roll 

[Endorsed] Dedham 1^* parish Cap* Aaron Fuller's Muster roll 
Minute Men. Examined & Allowed Per order 

Israel Hobart. 

[Rev. Rolls, xii. 71.] 


The following advertisement is copied from "The Boston. 
Post Boy & Advertisement,'' a weekly newspaper, of March 12, 
1764, and gives the location of one of the early stores of Ded- 
ham, which was in the house which then stood on the Dr. H. 
P. Quinc}^ estate of to-day. (See " The Dedham Transcript," 
December 12, 1896, 3. 2.) The stock advertised seems to have 
comprised most of the necessary household articles. So far as I 
know, the name of the proprietor is not otherwise associated with 
this town, and the store may have been an outside venture on 
the part of a Stephen Cleverly, who lived in the near town of 

A. B. P. 

Stephen Cleverly & Comp. 

Informs their Customers and others, 

THAT they have opened a 
Shop in DEDHAM ; the next House above 
Samuel Dexter, Esq; near the Meeting-House; where 
they may be supply'd with a good Assortment of En- 
glish GOODS, with all sorts of HARD WARE.— 
Also, Tea, Coffee, Chocolate, Loaf and Brown Su- 
gar, Molasses, Cotton Wool — the best of French In- 
digo — Spices of all sorts, &c. — 

^"Cash will be given for all Sorts of Furrs and 



By Philip Adsit Fisher. 

of San Francisco, Cal. 

{Continued from Vol. VIl., page 156.) 

57. Timothy^ son of Amos (35) and Abigail (Kingsbury) 
Fisher, was b, at Dedham, Feb. 22, 1729 ; m. April 21, 1757, 
Lydia, daughter of Nathaniel and Mary (Gay) Metcalf, who 
was b. Dec. 16, 1731, and d. March 2, 1807, aged 75 ; he d. 
April 30, 1817, aged 88. Children, b. at Dedham, were : — 

REBECCA^ b. Nov. 11, 1759; d. April 20, 1832, aged 72; 

m. Lemuel Stowell, of Dedham. 
Lydia^ b. Oct. 23, 1761 ; d. Feb. 3, 1790, aged 28 ; m. 
William Morse, of Stow, Aug. 19, 1784. 

93. Timothy^ b. Jan. 22, 1764; m. Abigail Gibbs in 1789. 

94. Amos^ b. March 23, 1766 ; m. Huldah Arms, of Deerfield, 

April 21, 1798. 
Mary^ b. Dec. 9, 1772; d. Dec. 13, 1855. 

5S Samuel^, son of John (36) and Elizabeth (Hunting) 
Fisher, was b. at Needham, Aug. 5, 1711, and resided in Ded- 
ham, He m. 1st, March 29, 1744, Sarah Whiting, who d. Aug. 
28, 1748 ; m. 2dly, Aug. 14, 1751, Mary, daughter of Samuel 
and Mary Chickering, who was b. at Dedham, April 13, 1724, 
and d. in 1779-80. He d. at Dedham, Nov. 16, 1757. Children 
were: — 

Sarah^ b. Oct. 1, 1745; d. Aug. 24, 1748. 

Hannah^ bapt. April 29, 1747 ; d. Aug. 20, 1748. 

Mary"^ (by second wife), b. Nov. 25, 1752 ; m. Henry 

Sarah^ b. Dec. 20, 1754. 

95. Samuel,^ b. Jan. 11, 1757 ; m. Abigail Mason, of Medfield, 

Feb. 19, 1783. 
59. JOHN^, second son of John (36) and Elizabeth (Hunt- 
ing) Fisher, was b. at Needham, Jan. 30, 1717 ; m. 1st, May 20, 
1740, Mary, daughter of Thomas and Mary Fisher (Fuller), 
who was b. Oct. 20, 1716. [See Vol: V., p. 39]. She d. Oct. 2, 
1759 ; and he m. 2dly, July 17, 1760, Hannah, daughter of Jere- 


miah (37) and Prudence (Crosb}^) Fisher, who was b. Feb. 24, 
1730-31. Elected Deacon of the Church at Needham, Jan. 9, 
1749; Selectman, 1763-65, 1768, 1775 and 1781; Representa- 
tive, 1777 and 1778. He d. Oct. 17, 1788. His widow, Hannah, 
was in Claremont in 1798. Children, b. at Needham, were : — 
Mary^, b. March 14, 1741 , d. same day. 
Mary", b. March 5, 1742 ; d. Jan. 6, 1819 ; m. Ebenezer 

Fisher, of Wrentham, Nov. 17, 1762. 
JoHN^ b. Oct. 20, 1743 ; d. Oct. 23, 1743. 
96. JoHN^ b. Nov. 4, 174-4; m. Mary Metcalf, Dec. 17, 1767. 
Abigail^, b. Dec. 9, 1746 ; m. Jeremiah Daniell, Dec. 24, 

1772 [History of Sanbornton, N. H., pp. 212, 213.] 
Jonathan"^, b. July 20, 1749 ; d. same day. 
Esther*^, b. May 10, 1751 ; d. same day. 
Thomas^ b. May 18, 1754. 
Judith"^, b. June 3, 1756 ; d. same day. 
Richard^ b. Nov. 2, 1757 ; d. same day. 
Jonathan^, (by second wife), b. April 2, 1765 ; m. Anna 

Battelle, May 18, 1786. 
Hannah', b. April 6, 1769 ; d. Aug. 5, 1769. 
Amos^ b. March 24, 1771 ; d. Aug. 31, 1775. 
60. Ebenezer*^, third son of John (36) and Elizabeth 
(Hunting) Fisher, was b. at Needham, May 5, 1721 ; m. 1st, 
April 10, 1714, Sarah Chubb, of Needham, who d. July 2, 1775,, 
aged 57. He m. 2dly, Azuba (Clark) Sanders, who was the 
daughter of Moses and Elizabeth Clark, and v/idow of Michael 
Sanders, of Medfield. She d. at Medfield, May 9, 1833, aged 
97. Ebenezer resided in Needham, where he was a Justice of 
the Peace ; Selectman in 1769, a Captain in the militia, and 
served in the Revolution. He d. at Needham, March 13, 1798. 
Their children were : — 

Lois^, b. Feb. 7, 1745 ; m. 1st, Ephraim Pratt, of Newton, 
Dec. 31, 1761 ; m. 2dly, Jason Whitney, of Natick, in 
Simeon'^, b. Sept. 20, 1746; m. Prudence Chubb, April 
27, 1775 ; was living in Sturbridge in 1782, and re- 
moved about 1800 to Wardsboro, Vt. A Revolutionary 


Ebenezer'^, b. Oct. 21, 1748 ; d. Aug. 5, 1751. 
Sarah', b. Feb. 5, 1751 ; m. William Dix, of Wardsboro, Vt. 
Ebenezer'^, b. March 5, 1753 ; d. young. 
97. Aaron', b. June 18, 1755 ; m. Lucy Stedman, Sept. 9, 1785. 
Josiah', b. March 28, 1756 : was in Capt. Robert Smith's 

Compan}^, Col. Heath's Reg't. in 1776 ; and in 1779 

was a fifer in Capt. Jacob Hasting's Company, and 

was discharged from the army on account of sickness. 

He made his will Sept. 24, 1779, being "bound to sea" ; 

it was proved May 30, 1787. 
William', b. Jan. 28, 1759 ; d. Jan. 31, 1759. 
Rhoda', b. Nov. 26, 1761 ; m. Nathaniel Upham, of 

Sturbridge, Nov. 11, 1784, and afterwards removed to 

Tyringham, Mass. 

{To he continued.) 

By Edna FexVnces C alder. 

{Continued from Vol. VII., J^age 146.) 

May, 1797. 

1 Town Meeting. Dr. Bullard narrowly chosen Rcpr. 
4 Fast thro' State. 

6 I find that the fatigue of riding & raising little fever often dis- 
qualifies for business & hinders that cool deliberation necessary to solve 

8 Jere Parker kill'd at Leather Mill. 

9 Measuring again Middle Post road by Com'^ of Gen. Court. 

10 See Oentinel of this day. Jefferson's elegant Letter. 

11 Spring like weather begins. Planting Corn begun brisk. 
15 Debby Wight marri'd to Nites. 

20 Pteturn'd F. A. Encyclopedia. 

28 Twins, girls, born to Isaac Colburn's wife. 

29 D"" Spra^ue died this morning. 

31 The coldest May I ever knew. Corn not come up in Gen'l. Sent 
for Erskine's View of the Causes &c, of the War and Opinions respect- 
ing commercial intercourse U. St. with Gr. Britain. 


7 Job Richards' W. died. 10 Mrs. Bernard died. 

19 Committee of Gen' Court on middle Post-road to Hartford re- 
port in favor of a N. route, over West Boston bridge thro' Sutton to 
Hartford, unless G. Court do more than the Towns' will do on the other 
road thro' Newton, leaving Dedham wholly desert, refer'd to next 
Session G' Court. 

24 Edw'^ Sprague sold his birthright for 50 000 dollars i of its value. 

30 Lem Smith plough'' my Corn alone. 

Calvin Whiting authoris'd by Act of Court hath brought Water 
in pine Logs to Sundry families each paying five dollars p^'year— but 
the fountain head at about a mile off near the Post road to Providence 


is not high enough nor hxrge enough to carry it into upper stories of our 
houses— nor wilf be of much use in extinguishing fires. 


3 Round Hat of Steph Farington 6 ^""^ 

4 Probate Court. Three parties contesting for D"" Sprague's Estate. 

11 1764 July 1V\ Pater obit. 

12 J. Johnson begun to screw the Church along! 

14 Hail broke much glass at Boston. 

15 View'd a female Elephant 4 years old, larger than an Ox, at 
Gay's stable in Dedham. 

17 Resort to see the Elephant, who goes at Night to Cambridge. 

20 D' of Rh. Island Col. wishes to enter study of Physick here. 

31 About beginning of August or End of this month George Gay 
sold out his right in Dedham Stage to J. Lewis to whom 1 shall hence 
be liable to pay bringing Chronicle &c. 

12 got in L^ Hay. Alexander Hodgdon died. 
14 See about middle 2^ book.. Young's Xight Thoughts. 

" Speech ventilates our intellectual fire; 

Speech burnishes our mental magazine; 

Brightens for ornament, and whets for use, 

What numbers sheath'd in erudition lie 

Plung'd to the hilt in venerable tomes 

And rusted in; who might have born an edge." 

21 Stigmatized as of the Seed of .Jacob. Am persecuted by the 
Hedghogs— yield Clerk's Office of C. P. to one of the Order, and am 
almost exonerated from all business, as few are sick, and Court Busi- 
ness used to employ all leisure hours. 

9 read 16th T. Encycloped. Ran Leo. 

14 The true Rhubarb is called "Rheum palmatum" having a leaf 
like a spread hand, not the heart shaped, as w\as D*" Sprague's & is easily 
cultivated. Some of our Vessels bound to China or E Indias might 
procure good Seed. 

29 New Episcopal Church in Dedham began raising. 

Military trial Dean vs Coney, fines and costs pd. 
Lent Woods Institute to Eisher Ames for John W. 

16 A. Draper began studies of Physich on my Approval. 

17 Israel Fairbanks raised my Corn house. 
Judge Metcalfe came to Court by mistake. 

18 Costs disbursed for Corn barn about 20 dol, but plank, boards &c 
& shingles not reckoned. 

20 T. Gay's Walpole farm 3100 doll^ sold to Gallet. 
23 Is Fairbanks finished Corn barn. 

The frame 13 d°i his work 6 days finishing 5 dol". 
28 A Royal or monarchical party of high Fed public Servants grow 
very bold ! here ! ! ! too ! 

31 Being very unwell with sharp reumatic pain about Scapula 
Stirnum &c; am obliged to keep going Night and day which aggravates 
pain almost into peripneumonia. Frost held olf remarkably. Beans 
scarcely touch'd yet. 

2 AV"^ How's house raised. 

« News receiv'd of another Revolution in France on 4th Sept. 
Conspiracy w^ith Emigrants said to occasion it, & Wars must continue! 



By William R. Mann. 

(Continued from Vol. VII., page 154.) 

Tamar Pettee, dau. of Joseph and Abigail, July 10, 1775. 
Mehetable Hewins, dau. of Ebenezer and Mercy, Feb. 20, 1762. 
Susanna Hewins, dau. of Ebenezer and Mercy, March 30, 1764. 
Hannah Hewins, dau. of Ebenezer and Mercy, September 20, 1766. 
Mercy Hewins, dau. of Ebenezer and Mercy, August 24, 1769. 
Ebenezer Hewins, son of Ebenezer and Mercy, September 16, 1773. 
Chloe Comings, dau. of Nathaniel and Elizabeth, February 15, 1776. 
Ammi Ruhamah Randall, son of Joseph and Esther, January 1, 1772. 
Elizabeth Randall, dau. of Joseph and Esther, January 22, 1774. 
Frances Randall, dau. of Joseph and Esther, December 30, 1775. 
Jason Belcher, son of Eleazer and Elizabeth, April 4, 1772. 
Esther Belcher, dau. of Eleazer and Elizabeth, December 21, 1773. 
Eunice Morse, dau. of Elijah and Ann, March 20, 1775. 
Jeremiah Estey, son of John and Abigail, September 9, 1775. 
Oliver Everet, son of Oliver and Susanna, August 19, 1776. 
Oliver Coney, soa of John and Keziah, March 13, 1774. 
Edward Coney, son of John and Keziah, August o, 1776. 
Sarah White, dau. of Benjamin, Jr., and Mary, August 16, 1776. 
Joseph Hewins, son of Joseph, Jr;, and Anna, August 12, 1776. 
David Gay, son of Solomon and Abigail, November 19, 1775. 
Barna Richards, son of Benjamin and Mary, May 11, 1776. 
Samuel Richards, son of William Jr. and Anna, January 12, 1777. 
Urbane Morse, son of Gilead and Deliverance, August 17, 1770. 
Luther Morse, son of Gilead and Deliverance, November 12, 1773. 
Irene Morse, daughter of Gilead and Deliverance. March 3, 1776. 
Reuben Pettee, son of Joseph and Abigail, June 18, 1777. 
Luther Gay, son of Solomon and Abigail, May 6, 1777. 
Benjamin Comings, son of John and Ruth, June 12, 1777. 
William Tolman, son of William and Jemima, October 7, 1776. 
Anna Richards, dau. of Ebenezer and Elizabeth, September 3, 1776. 
Joel Smith, son of Israel and Mary, April 25, 1767. 
John Smith, son of Israel and Mary, January 8, 1771. 
Nabby Smith, dau. of Israel and Mar}^, January 25, 1776. 
Rebecca Billings, dau. of Mary Smith Jr., November 4, 1771. 
Tony, negro servant of Israel and Mary, November 25, 1768. 
Lemuel Hixson, son of Richard and Mary, February 28, 1776. 
George Drake, son of Joseph and Ruth, M-^.y 15, 1777. 
Lucy Comings, dau. of Nathaniel and F^"^abeth, November 6, 1777. 
Mehetable Holmes, dau. of John Jr. and Esther, born June 3, 1777. 
Marget Johnson Belcher, dau. of Supply and Marget, May 27, 1776. 
Abigail Doty Belcher, dau. of Supply and Marget, May 28, 1776. 
Clifford Belcher, son of Supply and Marget, January 17, 1778. 
Lois Morse, dau. of Elijah and Ann, October 9, 1777. 


Joel Richardson, son of John and Dorothy, December 4, 1774. 
Thomas Richardson, son of John and Dorothy, May 30, 1776. 
Levi Morse, son of Levi and Hannah, February 15, 1770. 
Cynthee Morse, dau. of Levi and Hannah, January 8, 1772. 
Jacob Morse, son of Levi and Hannah, August 1, 1773. 
Molly Morse, dau. of Levi and Hannah, September 15, 1775. 
Joseph Withington, son of Philip and Rebecca, November 4, 1776. 
Abiel Drake, son of Abiel and Susanna, November 29, 17G4. 
Dordana Drake, of Abiel and Susanna, January 20, 1766. 
Nathaniel Drake, son of Abiel and Susanna, November 29, 1771. 
Rachel Drake, dau. of Abiel and Susanna, September 20, 1773. 
Caleb Drake, son of Abiel and Susanna, October 12, 1775. 
Hannah Billings, dau. of Elijah and Huldah, November 2, 1775. 
Lova Harris, dau. of Josiah and Mehetable, December 5, 1775. 
Hitta Harris, dau. of Josiah and Mehetable, July 6, 1777. 
Lemuel Capen, son of Lemuel and Mary, October 2, 1768. 
Lemuel Capen, son of Lemuel and Mary, November 21, 1773. 
Elijah Capen, son of Lemuel and Mary, November 6, 1775. 
Esquire Leonard, son of Jacob and Molly, September 1, 1777. 
Mary Billings, dau. of William 2d and Mary, May 29, 1775. 
Ruthe Billings, dau. of William 2d and Mary, December 3, 1777. 
Abigail Fuller, dau. of Lemuel and Hannah, June 24, 1776. 
Lemuel Fuller, son of Lemuel and Hannah, May 10, 1778. 
Otis Everet, son of Oliver and Susanna, October 17, 1778. 
Samuel Randall, son of Joseph and Esther, February 10, 1778. 
Betsey Hewins, dau. of Dr. Elijah and Lois, February 18, 1776. 
Hepzibah Clap, dau. of Timothy and Rhoda, March 11, 1763. 
Thomas Clap, son of Timothy and Rhoda, February 21, 1766. 
Abel Hewins, son of Benjamin Jr. and Anna, March 2, 1778. 
Lavett Hewins, son of Enoch and Sarah, April 3, 1778. 
Prude Richards, dau. of Benjamin and Mary, June 19, 1778. 
Elkanah Hewins, son of William and Ruth, September 9, 1773. 
Azubath Tupper, son of Ruben and Hannah, November 8, 1772. 
Edward Tupper, son of Ruben and Hannah, March 27, 1775. 
Jacob Hewins, son of Jacob Jr. and Hannah, October 1, 1777. 
Spencer Tolman, son of William and Jemima, March 24, 1779. 
Eunice Smith, dau. of John and Jemima, March 1, 1769. 
Abigail Smith, dau. of John and Jemima, April 26, 1771. 
Chloe Smith, dau. of John and Jemima, April 6, 1773. 
Nancy Smith, dau. of John and Jemima, April 23, 1775. 
Martha and Mary Smith, daus. of John and Jemima, May 16, 1778. 
James Everet, son of Edward and Mary, August 9, 1778. 
Jeremiah Holmes, son of John Jr. and Esther, April 23, 1779. 
Solomon Richards, son of William Jr. and Anna, April 3, 1779. 
Lucy Bassett, dau. of John and Sarah, November 11, 1774. 
Mary Bassett, dau. of John and Sarah, October 12, 1776. 
Rachel Bassett, dau. of John and Sarah, April 21, 1779. 


James Hevvins, son of Joseph Jr. and Anna, September 30, 1778. 

Daniel Fuller, son of Lemuel and Hannah, July 13, 1780. 

Jireh Swift, son of Jireh and Waitstill, June 23, 1770. 

Zipha Swift, son of Jireh and Waitstill, January 3, 1772. 

Wyeth Swift, son of Jireh and Waitstill, April 27, 1774. 

Azel Swift, son of Jireh and Waitstill, February 23, 1776. 

Eber. Dexter, reputed son of Jonathan Dexter and Waitstill Swift, 

February 23, 1779. 
Sarah Withington, dau. of William and Elizabeth, June 19, 1770. 
Catee Withington, dau. of William and Elizabeth, February 28, 1773. 
William Withington, son of William and Elizabeth, February 28, 1777. 
Joseph Withington and Deborah Withington, son and dau. of Philip 

and Rebecca, November 4, 1776. 
Esther Withington, dau. of Philip and Rebeckah, June 27, 1779. 
Moses Everet, son of Oliver and Susanna, December 26, 1780. 
Rhoda Drake, dau. of Joseph and Ruth, January 25, 1780. 
Betsey Billings, dau. of Elijah and Huldah, March 12, 1778. 
Esther Billings, dau. of Elijah and Huldah, March 29, 1780. 
Hitta Hewins, dau. of Enoch and Sarah, July 25, 1780. 
Lucy Hewins, dau. of Joseph Jr. and Anna, August 5, 1780. 
Polly Hewins, dau. of Benjamin Jr. and Anna, August 14, 1770. 
Elizabeth Everet and Mary Everet, daughters of Edward and Mary, 

April 7, 1781. 
Ebenezer Hawes, son of Jacob and Elizabeth, May 19, 1781. 
Walter Spooner Belcher, son of Jeremiah and Annie, March 5, 1780. 
Cyrus Lovel, son of Ebenezer and Zilph, June 19, 1778. 
Mary Lovel, dau. of Ebenezer and Zilph, October 7, 1780. 
Jacob Smith, son of Israel and Mary, October 23, 1778. 
Lucy Estey, dau. of John and Abigail, August 26, 1779. 
William Lewis, son of William and Abigail, Sept. 20, 1779, 
Hettee Lewis, dau. of William and Abigail, Sept. 5, 1781. 
Amita Clark, dau. of Thomas and Mary, June 13, 1776. 
Lewis Clark, son of Thomas and Mary, January 5, 1778. 
Nathan Clark, son of Thomas and Mary, July 5, 1780. 
Thomas Pownal Richards, son of Benjamin and Mary, June 18, 1780. 
Ebenezer Richards, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth, August 20, 1781. 
Samuel Clark, son of Silvanus and Rachel, August 27, 1777. 
Jacob Clark, son of Silvanus and Rachel, April 20, 1780. 
Eunice Hewins, dau. of Dr. Elijah and Lois, January 11, 1779. 
Polly Billings, dau. of Richard and MoUey, July 12, 1778. 
Warren Billings, son of Richard and Molley, April 22, 1781. 
Esther Randall, dau. of Joseph and Esther, February 20, 1780. 
Sarah Tolman, dau. of John and Sarah, February 18, 1779. 
Joseph Tolman, son of John and Sarah, October 29, 1780. 
Asa Harlow, son of Asa and Elizabeth, June 13, 1781. 
Elijah Hewins, son of Dr. Elijah and Lois, April 17, 1780. 
James Tolman, son of William and Jemima, September 5, 1781. 



The following is a copy of a manuscript, 7^ by 6 inches, found 
at the Armory. Parson Balch preached to the Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery Company at the June Anniversary, 1763^ 
and the sermon was printed. The Captain at that time was Col. 
Thomas Marshall, who was again in command in 1767 ; and 
during the Revolutionary War he was Colonel of a Massachu 
setts Regiment. Joseph Jackson was the Captain of the 
Artillery Company in 1752, and its treasurer for man}^ years. 
Parson Balch was the minister at South Dedham. 

A. A. FoLSOM. 

Dedham June 24*^^ 1763 

I am very much obliged to the Ancient and Hon^^® Artillery Com- 
pany for their Candid acceptance of my Late Discourse to them. 
Doubt not their Laudable Endeavours to Cultivate a Material Spirit^ 
and Expertness in Military Discipline will be under the Smiles of 
Divine Providence. I have sent my Sermon to the Reverend M'^ 
Adams of Roxbury who will bring it to you and See to the Correction 
of the Press 

I am, with my Regards to the other Gen^^ of the Com^^® 
Your Most obedient 

and Most Humble Ser^ 

T Balch 

Some Recent Deaths. 

Lynch, John Parker, Boston, November 21, 1896. 
Kissel, Mrs. Gustav Herman, Morristown, N. J., Nov. 21. 
Dabney, Mrs. Charles William, Jr.,Teneriffe,Canary Islands, Nov. 25. 
Dexter, Arthur^ Boston, Jan. 2, 1897. 


1. I would like parentage of Samuel Allen who came in 1628 to 
Dorchester. He was made freeman, of Braintree, in 1635, and died 
suddenly there in 1669. 

L. M. Fisher, 

Hyde Park. 

2. I am engaged in preparing the Genealogy of the Kingsbury 
Family, and wdll be glad of information from any descendants of the 

Mary Kingsbury Talcott, 

815 Asylum Avenue, Hartford. 

Erratum : In signatm-es near foot of page 156, Yol. VII., change *' Michael '^ 
to "Martin." 

The Dedham Historical Register. 

Vol. VIII. April, 1897. No. 2. 


Incoeporated Afeil 2, 1897. 

By Benjamij^t Fisher. 

n^HE formation of a separate town by the division of the 
-^ Town of Dedham is not a question of recent or sudden 
growth ; it has been discussed at different intervals for many- 
years. About forty years ago Capt. James Tisdale, father of 
Oileus Aurelius Tisdale, who now lives at Walpole Corner, for- 
mulated a plan to incorporate a new town by taking parts of 
Walpole, Dedham and Dover, and for this the name of "Wal- 
deddo " was suggested. No active steps, however, were taken 
in the matter until a few months ago. 

This last proposition of incorporating the Town of West- 
wood, which has just successfully passed the Legislature and 
become a law, was first suggested during November of 1896, by 
Mr. Frank Fisher of West Dedham ; Dr. C. C. Colburn, Mr. 
Henry E. French and others were soon interested in an inves- 
tigation of the subject. The plan, on general principles, at once 
met with a hearty response from the older and more conserva- 
tive men of the district proposed to be set off, and all were de- 
sirous of giving the matter careful examination. Then, upon 
making inquiries about the steps necessary to secure a separation, 
it was found that a petition to the General Court must be entered 
immediately in order to receive consideration from the Legisla- 
ture of 1897. Accordingly a petition was hastily circulated and 

The map accompanying this article is a photo-hthographic reproduction, 
after a tracing by Mrs. C. E. Russell, of the original in the Library of the His- 
torical Society. The territory covered by the map forms the principal part of 
the new town of Westwood. 




duly filed with the Secretary of State and published in com- 
pliance ^Yith law. The signers of the original petition were as 
follows : — 

Calvin S. Locke, 
Luther A. Eaton, 
Henry E. Weatherbee, 
Benjamin Weatherbee, 
William Colburn, 
John L. Fisher, 
W. W. Baker, 
W. Schlusemeyer, 
EusTis Baker, 
Charles H. Ellis, 
Henry E. French, 
Henry S. Draper, 

Nicholas Furlong, 
Michael Mulverhill, 
Benjamin Fisher, 
Joseph L. Fisher, 
Daniel W. Parker, 
Dexter Baker, 
Charles Rohen, 
John W. Allen, 
George C. Cheney, 
Joseph H. Walley, 
Reuben Colburn, 
Frederick Fisher, 

Simon W. Hatheway. 

Supplementary petitions bore one hundred and ninety-seven 
additional signatures. A public meeting was subsequently held 
on the evening of December 19, 1896, at Colburn Hall, West 
Dedham. At this meeting the following Committee of Fifteen 
was chosen to give the subject further consideration and report 
at a future meeting : — 

W. W. Baker, 
Dr. C. C. Colburn, 
Luther Eaton, 
Benjamin Fisher, 
Frank Fisher, 
Samuel C. French, 
Simon Hathaway, 

Calvin S. Locke, 
Charles Dean, 
Charles H. Ellis, 
John L. Fisher, 
Henry E. French, 
Nicholas Furlong, 
Albert N. Reynolds, 

Marcellus Walker. 
The first meeting of the Committee was held on December 
21, 1896, when it organized with W. W. Baker as Chairman, 
and Charles H. Ellis as Secretary. The following Executive 
Committee was then chosen : — 

Frank Fisher, Chairman, 
Dr. C. C. Colburn, Charles Dean, 

Edward C. Choate, Henry E. French. 

1897.] WESTWOOD. 35 

Mr. Frank Fisher resigned and Mr. Benjamin Fisher was 
elected in his place. 

Finance Committee. 
W. W. Baker, Chairman^ 
Samuel C. French, Luther A. Eaton. 

Mr. Edward C. Choate and Mr. Joseph L. Fisher were 
elected to fill the vacancies caused by the resignation of Rev. 
Calvin S. Locke and ]Mr. Frank Fisher. 

A second public meeting was held on the evening of Jan- 
uary 2, 1897, when a full report was given by Mr. Benjamin 
Fisher for the Committee of Fifteen. At this meeting not a 
voice was raised in opposition to separation. The Committee 
recommended that the petition for the incorporation of the new 
town be presented and advocated at the next session of the 
Legislature, and it was unanimously voted : — 

That the report of the Committee be accepted ; that its recom- 
mendations be adopted ; and that the Committee be given full 
authority to have the petition presented and advocated at the next 
session of the Legislature. 

Henry E. Fales, Esq., of Milford, was immediately secured 
as counsel for the petitioners. Mr. Fales had nearly completed 
drafting the bill which would have been presented to the 
Legislature within a day or two when he died very suddenly. 
Edward A. McLaughlin, Esq., of Boston, who so ably served as 
the Clerk of the House of Representatives for many years, was 
then retained as senior counsel for the petitioners. 

The hearing before the Committee on Towns took place at 
the State House, Wednesday, February 24, 1897. It was 
largely attended by citizens from all sections of the town. The 
old town offered no opposition to division ; its interests were 
represented by John R. Bullard, Esq., as counsel. No remon- 
strants responded when invited by the Committee, although 
during the testimony of the petitioners Dr. John W. Chase, of 
Dedham, asserted that he was "mildly opposed to separation. " 
The testimony in behalf of the petitioners was given by Mr. 
Charles H. Ellis, a Selectman of Dedham, Mr. W. W. Baker, a 

36 WESTWOOJD. [April, 

member of the school committee, and of the board of engineers 
of the fire department, Col. James M. Ellis, Mr. Luther A. Eaton, 
Mr. Nicholas Furlong and Mr. Benjamin Fisher from the district 
set off, and from the old town by Messrs. Preston R. Mansfield, 
Joseph A. Laforme, Clifton P. Baker and Heman W. Chaplin. 
Mr. Erastus Worthington, Jr., who made the survey and pre- 
pared the map, also testified as engineer. From the testimony 
offered the following facts are taken : — 

Dedham after division. 


Total area in acres, 



Miles of accepted Streets, 



Valuation, ] 896, 







School buildings. 






Poor in the Almshouse, 



Towns in Massachusetts smaller than Westwood. 
In population, . . . .. 100 
In valuation, .... 145 

On Thursday, March 4, the Committee from the Legisla- 
ture, in company w^ith the Executive Committee, its Counsel, 
and with Mr. J. Everett Smith, Chairman of the Selectmen, and 
Don Gleason Hill, Esq., Town Clerk, representing the Town, 
visited Dedham, driving over the territory in a tallyho. 

The Committee voted unanimously, in favor of the peti- 
tioners, and accordingly a bill to incorporate the Town of 
Nahatan was reported in the Senate on March 8, 1897, by 
Senator Charles F. Woodward, Chairman of the Committee on 
Towns. No opposition to the passage of the bill appeared 
until it reached the House, when the representative from Nahant 
objected to the name ''Nahatan," owing to its alleged similarity 
to the name Nahant. 

It was desirable for the old, as well as the new town, to 
have the question of incorporation settled, if possible, before 

1897.J WESTWOOD. 37 

April 5, when appropriations for the coming year were to be 
made. Therefore, in order to remove every trace of friction, 
however trivial, and thus expedite matters, the name was 
changed to Westwood. Oil the day this was done, under a sus- 
pension of the rules, the bill was read a second and a third 
time, and was passed to be engrossed in the House, in concur- 
rence with the Senate. Barring the name, no changes were 
made in the bill as originally presented to the Committee, ex- 
cept one amendment adopted in the Senate at the instance of 
Mr. Bullard, representing the old town, inserting the following 
new section : — 

Section 11. Nothing in this act shall cause a vacancy in any 
town office in said Dedham for the current town year. 

His Excellency Governor Wolcott signed the bill on Friday, 
April 2, 1897, shortly after ten o'clock. The quill used was 
given to Mr. Benjamin Fisher, Chairman of the Executive Com- 
mittee for the Petitioners. 

From the very start the proposition met with very general 
favor in the district proposed to be set off ; few declined to sign 
the petition, and no one actively opposed it. The petitioners at 
no time advanced a grievance against the Town of Dedham, 
basing their case almost solely on the ground of unlike develop- 
ment and dissimilar interests of the parts separated by the line 
of division. The Committee of Fifteen worked together with 
unusual harmony and diligence, and others interested lent their 
aid cheerfully. Batwoen Dec. 19. 1896, and March 25, 1897, 
they held seven meetings, all of which were well attended, while 
the Executive Committee held several meetino-s each week. 

The fair-minded spirit in which the movement was accepted 
by citizens of the old town was not only highly creditable to 
themselves, but also extremely gratifying and of positive value 
to the petitioners. 

38 ASA II EL SMITH. [April, 

By John Eatox Aldex. 

Desiee S:NiiTH, Lorn in Declham, Sept. 26, 1731, died Aug. 3, 
1811, married June 12, 1755, the 5tli John Eaton, born June 3, 
1732, died May 14, 1777 ; — her father was Nathaniel Smith, 
born June 26, 1692, died Dec. 31, 1769, married Sept. 13, 1722, 
widow Anne (Farrington) White, who died • April 1, 1769. His 
parents were Asaliel -Audi Elizabeth Smith of Dedham ; "the 
widow Smith, Ilelec of Asell Smith, died Feb.13,1730-1. " Asahel 
/Smith died 1715. 

The following is the result of a search for Asahel Smith's 
parentage : — 

His name first appears in Dedham records under date of 28: 
10: 1666, in " A h*st of such inhabitants as by Lawe are capable 
of voating in Elections of Selectmen, &c. " 

He soun afterwards moved to Dorchester, as shown by these 
extracts from Dorchester records : — 

•'At a meeting of the Select men 9th of the (9) 6S, the Con- 
stable brouglit a recept for 27^' 18' 6*^ paid Castle Souldiers 
under Capt. Clap, " and among the names is that of Asahell 
jSmith, who received £1. 11. 3^ . 

" A law had been passed by the General Court requiring 
young men to be looked after, who were not under famil}^ gov- 
ernment ; and the Constable was ordered to notify them to appear 
•at the house of Capt. Foster presently after the next lecture. 20. 
2. 69, the Constable brought the following persons before the 
Select men who were required by law to take inspection of their 
orderly walking and submitting to family government. " Here 
follow the names of seventeen young men, and one of them was 
Asahell Smith. " The Selectmen and the Elder agreed to make 
enquiry as to their manner of living, and whether they profited 
by public or private instruction. '" 

About two years later he went back to Dedham, and on 12th, 
2, 1671, the following vote is recorded b}^ the Selectmen of Ded- 

1897. J ASAIIEL 8M1TI1. 39 

ham: " Asiihel Smytli of Dorchester liave libert}- to Inhabit in 
Towne and to vse his Trade, he being a shoemaker. " James 
Savage, in the long list of Smiths in his Genealogical Dictionary, 
mentions two Asahels, vaguely ; (one he assigns to Dedham in 
1642, which is doubtless an error, the date applying to Henry 
Smith instead,) and he throws no light on our question. 

That Asahel was not a son of Henry Smith, one of the first 
settlers in Dedham, is shown by Henry's will and by the His- 
tory of Medfield, which has a list of his children. 

A document has been found in Suffolk Registry of Probate, 
which, with Asahel Smith's will, probably solves the problem. 

First : In Vol. 12, i)age 44, is a settlement of the estate of 
Israel Smith of Boston, as follows : — 

'' 20 May 1676, We, being desired by Bohert Smith of Hamp- 
ton, to view the estate of Israel Smith of Boston, do judge the 
total X102. 12. 

Robert Sanderson, 
Henry Alline, 
Robert Tucker." 

"25 July, 1676, I, Robert Smith, Administrator of estate of 
my son Israel Smith, have spoken with my sons and they agree 
that it be divided between them, which I consent niito, there 
being five of my sons, John Smith, Jonathan Smith, Asahel 
Smith, Joseph Smith, ffrancis Page. 

Robert /Si?iith, Adm. 

of Estate of Israel Smith." 

Second: In Vol. 18, page 463, is the will of Asahel Smith, 
dated Aug. 4, 1714, presented May 12, 1715:— "I, Asahel 
Smith of Dedham, Cordwainer, being weak of body, but of per- 
fect mind . . . give to my wife Elizabeth Smith ... to daugh- 
ters Elizabeth, Sarah and Hannah, unmarried ... to son Joseph 
... to daughter Mary ... to son Zachariah, to son Josiah, to 
son Robert Smith . . . and sons Nathaniel and Israel to have the 
homestead and take care of their mother. Wife and Nathaniel 
and Israel, Executors. " 

Asahel Smith. 

40 ASAHEL SMITH. [April, 

Did both documents refer to the same Asahel ? 

By them it appears that Rohert Smith oi Hampton had a son 
Asahel, and sons Joseph and IsraeL 

And Asahel Smith of Dedham had sons Robert, Joseph and 

This repetition of names suggests close relationship ; and 
there are other reasons for thinking Robert and Asahel father 
and son, notwithstanding that they lived so far apart ; Israel, 
living in Boston, adds to the probability that Asahel of Dedham 
also came from Hampton ; and Robert Tucker, one of the above 
appraisers, lived in Milton, and probably was neighbor of our 
Asahel Smith before he moved to Dedham. 

The Annals of Hampton and Exeter, N. H., have many 
references to Robert Smith. He is thought to have been in Bos- 
ton in 1638. He was one of the signers in Exeter, 5th d, 4, 1639, 
of the " Combination " of Church brethren, hence he may have 
been a friend and follower of Rev. John Wheelwright, who 
founded Exeter in 1638, on being banished from Boston, as the 
result of the Antinomian controversy. 

A petition, to put Exeter under Massachusetts jurisdiction, 
was signed by llohert Smith and others, and it was done 7 Sept., 
1643, and so remained until the New Hampshire province was 
formed in 1679. A request was made to the Massachusetts 
government for a Magistrate " to put an Ishew to small busi- 
ness " ; and Rohert Smith was appointed to that office. 

About 1657, he removed to Hampton, which was also under 
Mass. government. He was by trade a tailor. Susanna^ his 
wife, was killed by lightning June 12, 1680. He died Aug. 30, 
1706, age about 95. 

The historian of Hampton says he finds no record of birth of 
Robert Smith's children, and that the list, given as follows, may 
not be complete. 

John; Meribah, m. Francis Page; Asahel; Jonathan; 
Israel; Jacob; Ithiel; Abigail; Joseph; Leah; Mehetabel. " 

Israel died as we have seen ; Jacob evidently died young, as 
he is not referred to in the settlement of Israel's estate; 

1897.] ASAHEL SMITH. 41 

Jonathan settled in Exeter; Joseph was a Judge in the Superior 
Court in that County; the families of John, Jonathan, and 
Joseph are given in IlamjDton annals for several generations ; 
but Asahel is not again mentioned, indicating that he did not 
live there, and this agrees with the Dorchester records which 
put him in the list of j^oung men who had left home. 

A diligent search of records of Boston and neighboring towns 
has revealed no other person of the name in the period under 
discussion, and it seems to be conclusive that Asahel Smith of 
Dedham was a son of Rohert and Susanna Smith of Hampton. 
The following descendants of Asahel Smith were born in 
Dedham : — 

Asahel Smith, and Elizabeth, his wife, who d. Feb. 13, 
1730-1, had Elizabeth, b. April 12, 1681; Zachariah, 
b. July 6, 1683, m. Huldah [ ] ; Josiah, b. Dec. 

17, 1685, m. Mary Payne, Dec. 22, 1715, who d. Oct. 
7, 1774; Robert, b. Oct. 3, 1688, m. Judith Hes- 
eop, Dec. 5, 1722 ; Sarah, b. Aug. 7, 1690; Nathafiiel, 
b. June 26, 1692, m. Ann White, Sept. 13, 1722; Olive, 
b. July 28, 1694, d. Feb. 27, 1708-9 ; Israel, b. June 19, 
1697, m. Mary Dean, Dec. 22, 1726, d. August 24, 1745 ; 
Huldah, b. Oct. 2, 1702, m. Samuel Stratton of Water- 
town, Oct. 28, 1725 ; their son 
Nathaniel, born June 26, 1692, d. Dec. 31, 1769, married 
wddow Anne White (Reg., April, 1895, p. 79), Sept. 13, 
1722, who d. April 1, 1767 ; and had Nathaniel, b. May 
7, 1723 ; William, b. June 21, 1725, m. Margaret Gookin, 
May 3, 1753 ; Ann, b. Nov. 2, 1727, d. Nov. 10, 1727 ; 
Ann, b. Nov. 17, 1728, d. Jan. J3, 1728-9; Desire, b. 
Sept. 26, 1731, m. John Eaton, June 12, 1755 ; Hamiah, 
b. Sept. 1, 1734, d. Jan. 4, 1734 (?); HaJinah, b. Nov. 
29, 1736 ; their son 
William, born June 21, 1725, married Margaret Gookin, 

May 3, 1753 ; their son 
Nathaniel, born July 3, 1759, d. Mar. 3, 1813, married 

Nancy Aiers, Jan. 30, 1783, who d. Sept. 25, 1814 ; their 



Nathaniel, born Dec. 21, 1787, d. Oct. 3, ISGl, married 
Betsey Foord, June U, 1821, who d. Dec.l2, 1843 : their 
Nathaniel, born Feb. 27, 1827, married Mary E. Phillips, 
Aug. 8, 1849, who was born March 28, 1829. 

By Carlos Slafter. 

{Continued from page 9.) 

At the time of the Great Gale of September 23, 1815, Mr 
James Foord was teaching in the brick schoolhouse of the First 
Middle district. The windows were open, or were blown open, 
and many of the books were carried out by the wind. Thus 
runs the tradition, and we find no reason to doubt its truth. Mr. 
Foord had graduated the year before at Brown University, and 
was doubtless teaching to earn the means for continuing his 
studies. By such work in Roxbury and other towns he had de- 
frayed the charges of his preparatory and collegiate education. 
He studied law with Judge Metcalf in Dedham, and with Gov- 
ernor Morton in Taunton. In 1819 he settled in Fall River, 
and spent there the remainder of his long, useful, and honored 
life. He was the son of James and Hannah (Blake) Foord of 
Milton, born Aug. 3, 1784; married Dorcas Adams in 1824; 
and she dying in 1840, he married Mrs. Hannah Weaver in 
1842; edited the Fall River Monitor twenty-five years; held 
many public offices, and continued his professional labors till a 
few days before his death, which occurred July 27, 1873. 

About 1818 the East Street School was taught by Mr. 
Nathaniel Smith. He was the son of Nathaniel and Nancy 
(Aiers) Smith, born in Dedham, where he married Miss Betsey 
Foord June 14, 1821. He occupied and cultivated the farm in- 
herited from his father, on which he died, Oct. 3, 1861, aged 
73 years, 9 months and 9 days. He did not desire public office, 
but was sometimes elected an assessor : he was, however, widely 
respected for his intelligence and integrity. 

1S97.] OF DEDIIAM. 43 

About 1820 Mr. Enos Foord taug-ht a private school in Ded- 
ham. He was tlie son of James and Hannah (Blake) Foord, 
born in Milton, Oct. 21, 179G. He married Elizabeth Daven- 
port, and resided in Dedliam, where he was Register of Deeds 
for Norfolk County forty years, 1821 to 1861 ; and secretary and 
treasurer of the Dedham Institution for Savings ten years, 1834 
to 1844. One brother and four sisters of Mr. Foord were teachers 
in the Dedliam public schools. He was a man of decided 
opinions, and his influence in public affairs was both conservative 
and progressive. All real improvements found in him an active 
supporter, mere novelties received from him little favor. His 
most useful life ended April 22, 1861. 

A venerable citizen of Dedham informs me that about 1830, 
when Mr. Melvin was master of the first division of the Centre 
School, he was himself a pupil in the class taught by Miss Lucy 
Chickering. She undertook to punish him with her ferule for 
whispering. At the suggestion of other boys he refused to hold 
out his hand ; she then called to her aid Miss Esther Foord, 
another teacher, when their combined strength soon brought him 
under perfect control. The memory of this honest witness leaves 
no doubt that both these ladies belong to our list of teachers. 
Miss Lucy Elizabeth Chickering was the daughter of Jabez and 
Dorothy D. F. (Alleyne) Chickering, born about 1806. She 
resided in Dedham a long, single life till July 12, 1884, when 
she died highly respected for her womanly virtues and refine- 

Miss Esther Foord was of Milton, the daughter of James 
and Hannah (Blake) Foord. She also spent a long single life 
in Dedham, always known as a reader of the best books, and a 
steady advocate of the civil rights of women. She died at Fall 
Eiver in her ninety-first year, Dec. 12, 1890. 

In the winter of 1836-7 the Westfield School was instructed 
by Mr. John Angler Whitney. He was of Natick, son of George 
and Esther (Morse) Whitney, born Dec. 17, 1817. He was ed- 
ucated at the Teachers' Seminary, Andover, Mass. He had 
taught the Centre School in Northboro ; also in Plymouth, 


Mass., in 1835. In 1836 he mamecl Emily A. Walker; in 1852, 
Elizabetli Thomson of Natick ; their children are seven sons and 
two daughters. His occupation is farming on the paternal acres 
in Natick, in which town he has been Collector of Taxes, High- 
way Surveyor, and School Committee. For several years between 
1850 and 1860 he resided in Dedham. 

In the summer of 1837 Miss Sarah C. Cox taught the same 
school. The town record apparently relating to her is as fol- 
lows: "1812, May 1. Mr. Marshall Newell of Canton and 
Miss Sarah C. Cox of Dedham. " 

Miss Martha Lewis of Walpole, afterwards Mrs. Hixon of 
Springfield, taught the Second Middle School twenty weeks in 
the summer of 1837. Her pupils of sixty years ago commend 
her work. Of how many the same report would be given, were 
their pupils here to testify ! 

Charles Durgin was master of the Mill School the winter of 
1837-8. According to the testimony of one who was under his 
care, he believed in prompt and perfect obedience, and acting 
out that reasonable belief, was successful in improving the order 
and discipline of the school. 

From May 7 to October 20, 1838, Miss Susan R. Talbot 
taught the primary department in the West Dedham school, Dis- 
trict No. 8. Reports kept by her show her whole number of 
pupils to have been fifty-six, from two years of age — there were 
tw^o of that ripe age — to thirteen ; the one of this age studied 
Natural Philosophy. The average attendance was forty-five. 
The fullness, accuracy and neatness of her reports, with such a 
school to instruct, leave no doubt as to her ability. She w^as the 
daughter of Josiah and Mary (Richards) Talbot of Sharon, and 
married Samuel Richards in the same town. Her education 
was in the schools of Sharon, " and various Academies." She 
w^as a resident of South Walpole in 1895. 

{To he continued.) 

1897.] FEEDEBIC TAFT. 45 


By Howard Kedwood Guild. 

A few months prior to the death of the late Mrs. Calvin 
Guild, in 1891, in conversation with her, I obtained much infor- 
mation regarding the subject of this sketch, she being the 
youngest of his thirteen children, and the only survivor. From 
these memoranda I have constructed this account, adding such 
notes from church and public records as seemed appropriate. 

Frederic Taft was born on June 19, 1759, at Uxbridge, the 
oldest son of Samuel and Mary (Murdock) Taft of that town. 
On June 20, 1782, he married Abigail Wood (b. Aug. 29, 1761, 
at Upton, d. June 2, 1851), daughter of Colonel Ezra and Anna 
(Chapin) Wood of Upton, by whom he had thirteen children, 
two dying in infancy. 

At the breaking out of the Revolution he was scarcely ma- 
tured, yet until the close of that war almost all we know of his 
life is gleaned from the Massachusetts Archives, as the following 
brief extracts show : — 

£ '2. ^. Bounty drawn by Frederic Taft for services from May 
4 to July 4, 1774, in Col. Joseph Whitney's Regiment, Capt. Isaac 
Martin's Company, stationed in R. I. [III. 36.] 

Col. Dykes Reg't, Capt. Benj. Richardson's Co., 1776, 4, Sept., 
paid Frederic Taft of Uxbridge, ;^ 3. 9. for serving at the Heights 
of Dorchester. [XXII. 143.] 

[Same, for services to Dec. 1, 1776.] [XXII. 142.] 

Col. Nicholas Dyke's Reg't., Capt. Baldwin's Co., March, 1777, 
Frederic Taft, Private. [LV. File N. 38.] 

Pay due Capt. Martin's Company in Col. Ezra Wood's Regiment, 
under command of Gen^ Spencer in Rhode Island marched there 
1777, 17, Apr. Frederic Taft 21 days to May 7, and allowance for 26 
miles travel, [etc., II. 209.] 

In this item it is of interest to note that Frederic Taft was 
serving under his future father-in-law. Col. Ezra Wood of Upton. 
Under the Act of June 7, 1818, relating to pensions, we find 

46 FHEDEEW TAFT, [April, 

Frederic Taft, private and sergent, Worcester, ]\Iass., Company, 
Militia, for services, annual allowance, $98.33. Total paid him, 
$294.99. Place on roll, 1833, 13 Sept. Age, 75 yrs. Pension com- 
menced 1831, 4 March. 

During a part of the Revolution he was an aide to General 
Washington, who later stopped several days at Samuel Taft's 
Tavern, the birthplace of Frederic and the home of his father 
until the latter's death. For twenty years he was Justice of the 
Peace, thirty years Town Clerk, by occupation a surveyor, and 
well known throughout the country for upright, honorable deal- 
ings ; these positions stood for more in the early period of the 
nation than they do to-day. Although interested in and a sup- 
porter of the religious welfare of his community, it was not 
until July 31, 1831, that he became a member of the Evangelical 
Church in Uxbridge, and then by confession of faith and in- 
fluenced quite largely by his daughter Margaret. 

His death occurred on February 10, 1846, from a "rose 
cancer on the side of his head." The newspaper obituaries 
speak highly of his services, his character and his position among 
his townspeople, and at some length as well. Save for the latter 
reason, one of them might well have been incorporated into this 
article. Manuscripts and diaries kept by him are still treasured 
among the family, and are finely written, clearly expressed and 
contain much of private interest. 

He had a fine homestead at Uxbridge, which may still be 
seen much as it was in his day, standing on the main road some 
half-mile from the present centre of the town, and within easy 
distance of his boyhood home, the old Taft farm, also standing 
to-day, and very well worth a visit. In addition to what we 
consider a large family, Mr. Taft kept a number of help, who sat 
at the lower end of the dining table ; and an eye witness states 
that the whole family at dinner was a happy and memorable 

Specially fortunate also are we in the fact that oil portraits 
on wood of. Frederic and Abigail Taft have come down to us, to 
show us the face and appearance of each, which portraits are in 
the possession of Mrs. Ezra W. Taft, of Dedham, and of real 

1897.] FREDERIC TAFT. 47 

interest. His will dated April 24, 1841, and proved in 1846, at 
"Worcester, disposed of what was a comfortable fortune for those 
days. The will of his widow, Abigail, dated June 15, 1831, and 
probated on October 28, 1851, is also filed at Worcester. 
Children born at Uxbridge : — 

1 Samuel, b. Dec. 12, 1782; d. Feb. 8, 1842. 

2 MuRDOCK, b. Dec. 9, 1784; d. Aug. 6, 1820. 

3 Calista, b. June 31, 1787; d. Dec. 11, 1864. 

4 Clarinda, b. Feb. 28, 1789 ; d. April 12, 1877. 

5 Frederic Augustus, b. April 7, 1791 ; d., Dedham, 

Sept. 18, 1837. 

6 Naba, b. June 7, 1793 ; d. July 19, 1880. 

Harriet, b. July 24, 1795 j m. 1st Dr. Thurber, 2dly, 
Adolphus Spring; no issue. 

7 Parlaparilla, b. March 5, 1798; d. Sept. 2Q, 1852. 

8 Ezra Wood, b. Aug. 24, 1800 ; d. Feb. 8, 1885. 

Mary Ann, b. Sept. 5, 1803 ; d. Sept. 7, 1850, unmarried. 

9 Margaret, b. May 31, 1806; d. Jan. 23, 1891. 

1. Samuel Taft QFrederic), b. Dec. 12, 1782 ; m. Sally Mowry; 

d. Feb. 8, 1842. Children:— 

Israel ; Annie ; Abigail ; Parley ; Frederic. 

2. MuRDOCK Taft (^Frederic), b. Dec. 9, 1784; m. Sally 

Capron ; d. Aug. 6, 1820, of yellow fever at New Orleans. 
Children : — 

Irene ; Emily Harriet ; Maria ; Louisa ; Amanda. 

3. Calista Taft (^Frederic), b. June 31, 1787 ; m. Ezra Wood 

Kidder ; d. Dec. 11, 1864. Children :— 

James ; Charlotte ; Clarinda ; Dulcina ; Laura ; 
Calista;Frederic; Louisa ; Julia; Angier ; MaryAnne. 

4. Clarinda Taft (Frederic), h. Feb. 28, 1789; m. Caleb 

Mowry ; d. April 12, 1877. Children :— 

Emily ; Decatur ; Bainbridge ; Albert ; Annie; Reuben ; 

5. Frederic Augustus Taft (Frederic), b. April 7, 1791 ; d. 

at Dedham, Sept. 18, 1837 ; m. 1st Amanda Wheatou, 
b. Nov. 29, 1793; d. Sept. 10, 1831. 
Children : — 

GusTAvus ; Cincinnatus ; Lauretta Wheaton ; Amanda. 

48 GEOBGE H. KUHN. [April, 

2dly, Eliza Flagg. Children :— 

Frederic Augustus ; Foster Flagg ; Walter. 

6. Naba Taft (^Frederic}, b. June 7, 1793 ; m. Joseph Day ; 

d. Feb. 19, 1880. Children :— 

Wellington ; Angelina ; Lucetta ; Daniel. 

7. Parlaparilla Taft ^Frederic), b. March 5, 1798; m. 

Amory Warren; d. Sept. 26, 1852. Children :— 
Royal ; Augusta ; Minerva ; Mercy ; Josephine. 

8. Ezra Wood Taft (^Frederic)^ a cotton manufacturer, of 

Dedham, b. Aug. 21, 1800 ; d. at Dedham, Feb. 8, 1885 ; m. 

1st, Minerva Wheaton ; b. May 2, 1801 ; d. Jan. 26, 1829; 

2dly, Lendamine Draper Guild, Sept. 8, 1830. Children: — 

Josephus ; Edwin Wheaton ; Cornelius Abbott ; 

Minerva Lendamine; Louisa Adelaide; Ezra 


9. Margaret Taft (^Frederic), b. May 31, 1806 ; m. May 19, 

1836,Calvin Guild ; d. Dedham. Jan. 23, 1891. Children:— 
Nathaniel Grosvenor ; Lauretta Wheaton ; William 
Raford; Ann Harriet ; Clarence Herbert. 


As the Register (H. 41-49, 160) contains the most com- 
plete sketch of the life of the Hon. George H. Kuhn that has 
been published, it seems best, although six years have elapsed, 
to print here the following notes. He was baptized December 
27, 1795, in Hollis Street Church, which his parents then at- 
tended. In a family record, having the appearance of age, but 
only recently known to the writer, after the statement that Anna 
Kohler was born in Engelsheim there is written, in a different 
hand, " Wrong it is Engelstein a Town in Germany in Prussia 
in the province of Natangen which lays 48 miles South East of 

The above seems to suggest that the birthplace of 
her husband may have been Konigsberg in East Prussia rather 
than Konigsberg in Brandenburg, as has been supposed. After 

1897,] GEORGE H. KURN. 49 

he came to Boston, John George Kuhn ceased to use his first 
name, and was known as George Kuhn. 

George H. Kuhn received his Franklin medal in 1806 while 
at the Centre Grammar School, and was not in the Latin Gram- 
mar School until 1807. On November 13, 1809, when about to 
enter the counting house of Putnam & Ingalls, he had a very 
complimentary recommendation signed by his teachers, viz. : 
*' W" Bigelow Master Latin G. School. John Haskell D° Centre 
G. School. Jon^ Snelling D" Centre Writing School. " When 
more than eighty years of age Mr. Kuhn recited lines from Virgil, 
learned at the Latin School, and was fond of repeating the 
lines in Book VIII. that describe the galloping of horses. 

He was a director of the Elliot Manufacturing Company, July 
1, 1831, to 1845. The Bay State Mills and the Middlesex Mills 
were distinct corporations, and Mr. Kuhn was treasurer of both 
in 1857, but was never receiver of the Middlesex Mills. He was 
a director of the Atlantic Cotton Mills, January 13, 1851, to 
January 30, 1856, and of the Boston Gas Light Company, Febru- 
ary 5, 1819, to March 6, 1876, and July 2, 1862, was elected presi- 
dent ^^ro tern, of the latter. Of the Boylston Market Association 
he was president about twenty-five years, acting in that capacity 
as late as April, 1877, and was a director for a very long period. 
He was a director of the Manufacturers Insurance Com- 
pany one year, 1827-28, and of the Boston Insurance Company 
three years, 1839-41. From May 1, to July 5, 1866, he was 
president pro tern, of the Massachusetts Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company. Mr. Kuhn was a trustee of the Cemetery of Mount 
Auburn, 1852-55. In July, 1833, he became a life member of 
the New England Institution for the Education of the Blind, on 
June 6, 1864, a member of the Massachusetts Charitable So- 
ciety, and in 1865, of the Massachusetts Congregational Char- 
itable Society, and was treasurer of the latter, 1866-1875. He 
was a regular contributor to a long list of organized charities,, 
but felt the greatest interest in the Boston Asylum and Farm 
School, of which he was a manager, 1837-40, 1851-52, secretary,. 
January, 1840-1851, and treasurer, January, 1852-1870. 


For upwards of thirt}'" years he was a justice of the peace, 
having received his first commission from Gov. Briggs, April 21, 
1847. He attended the Church of the Twelfth Congregational 
Society in Boston, for about thirty-five years, was at one time 
a member of its standing committee, and was frequently ap- 
pointed to serve on special committees. His marriage took place 
in Cambridge, in the ancient house now 21 Linn^ean Street, and 
the Rev. Charles Lowell, D. D., and the Rev. Abiel Holmes, D. 
D., officiated. 

The date of Mrs. Kulm's death, as given on page 48 of 
Vol. II. of the Register, is incorrect. She died May 31, 1872, 
and was buried June 4 in the family lot at Mount Auburn. 

George Kuhn Clarke. 


By Philip Adsit Fisher, 
of California. 

(Continued from i^age 27.) 

61. Nathaniel^, fourth son of John (36) and Elizabeth 
(Hunting) Fisher, was b. at Needham, Feb. 1, 1723; m. 1st, Dec. 
3, 1746, Mary Janvrin, who d. Jan. 27, 1761; m. 2dly, June 23, 
1763, Mrs. Hannah Willard, of Needham. (Registee, V., 144.) 
Nathaniel m. 3dly, Nov. 27, 1777, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Josiah Newell, of Dedham, who was b. there, April 20, 1735. 
She had previously m. Jonathan Whiting, Jr., of Dedham, who 
d. Aug. 5, 1770. She "closed the scene of life, June the 10th, 
Anno Domini 1814, Aged 70 years. " Nathaniel resided in 
Needham ; was Selectman there in 1759, 1762, 1773-4, 1777-78, 
1782, 1785 ; Treasurer, 1764 and 1765 ; Representative in 1782 
and 1785. He d. Aug. 30, 1807, aged 84. Children were :— 

Susanna^ b.May 20, 1747 ; d. June 6, 1765 ; m. Oliver Mills, 
June 21, 1764. 

Rebecca"^, b. Oct. 20, 1750; m. Feb. 27, 1777, Ebenezer Tib- 
betts, of Rochester, N. H. 


Mary^, b. April 1, 1753 ; m. Feb. 15, 1776, Rev. Joseph 

Haven, of Rochester, N. H. 
Nathaniel"^, b. Dec. 13, 1754 ; was in Capt. Robert Smith's 

Company, Col. Heath's Regt. in 1776 : in Feb., 1779, was 

paid £1 bounty for service in the Saratoga campaign 

against Burgoyne. 
Janvrin"^, b. Sept. 2, 1758 ; res. in Dover, N. H. 
Lucy'^ (by second wife), b. June 8, 1764; d. June, 1836; m. 

Sept. 23, 1784, Dr. James Howe, of Rochester, N. H. 

98. George^ b. Nov. 27, 1765; m. Elizabeth Ellis, of Ded- 

ham, Jan. 1, 1789. 
Susanna', b. May 23, 1774 ; m. Joseph Richards, Jr., of Rox- 
bury, Dec. 22, 1808. 

63, Jeremiah^ eldest son of Jeremiah (37) and Prudence 
(Crosby) Fisher, was b. at Needham, Feb. 2, 1727 ; m. March 
26, 1755, Esther Eeed, of Needham. They moved to Natick 
about 1760, in April, 1778, were in Ashburnham, and in 1789 
he was in Claremont, N. H., where he died. Marched from 
Natick at the Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775, and in service 
five days. Their children were : — 

Hannah^ b. at Needham, Sept. 10, 1756 ; m. at Natick, Sept. 

24, 1776, David Stedman, of Weston. 
Elizabeth', bapt. July 9, 1758. 

Josiah', b. Oct. 16, 1759; moved to Claremont, N. H., be- 
fore 1789. 
Phebe^ b. Natick, April 28, 1761. 
Abraham^ b. Natick, Nov. 5, 1763 ; m. Lucy Parkhurst, of 

Framingham, Jan. 15^ 1784; res. Claremont, N. H. 
Isaac', b. Nov. 5, 1763 ; m. Elizabeth Glover, of Framingham ; 
res. Lancaster, Mass., and Springfield, Coos County, N. H. 
Prudence', b. Natick, March 3, 1767 ; d. May 22, 1767. 

99. Jacob', b. Natick, May 18, 1768 ; m. Nancy Carter, May 22, 

1792 ; res. Lancaster, Mass. 
Prudence', bapt. at Needham, June 3, 1770. 
Jesse', b. Natick, Oct. 6, 1772. 
G3. eloSEPH^ son of Jeremiah (37) and Prudence (Crosby) 
Fisher, was b. at Needham, Aug. 5, 1735 ; m. at Dedham, Dec. 
5, 1765, Elizabeth, daughter uf John and Elizabeth (Woodcock) 


Farrington, who was b. at Declham, March 25, 1745, and d. at 
Needham, Dec. 4, 1824, aged 79. He d. at Needham, April 23, 
1827, aged 92. He was a sergeant in Capt. Ebenezer Battle's 
company of minute men in 1775 ; a farmer, living in Dover and 
Needham. Their children were : — 

Joseph', b. July 22, 1766 ; m. Sarah Osgood; res. Cabot, Vt. 

100. Paul"^, b. Jan. 2, 1768: m. Priscilla Mason, of Medfield. 
Caleb"^, b. April 9, 1770 ; m. Mary Plimpton, April 24, 

1793. [Plimpton Genealogy, pp. 206-7.] 

101. MosES^ b. Feb. 16, 1772 ; m. Patty Allen, May 10, 1798. 
SiLAS^ b. April 4, 1774; d. Jan. 19, 1776. 

SiLAS^, b. July 20, 1776 ; m. Jane Kelsey about 1803 ; res. in 
Danville and Cabot, Vt., and Newport and Washington, 
N. H.; d. July 18, 1863. 

Betty", b, March 17, 1778. 

Hannah^ b. July 1, 1781. 

Benjamin"^, b. Dec. 9, 1783; m. Ann [ ]; res. Needham. 

CYNTHIA^ b. Nov. 30, 1786. 

Prudence"^, b. March 20, 1789; d. March 20, 1811. 

(To he continued.) 


A list of the Company that marched from the third parish in Ded- 
ham on the Alarm occasioned by the Lexington battle on April 19, 
1775, under the Command of Cap* Daniel Draper in Col. Davis 




Daniel Draper Cap* 



1. 7. 8. 2 

Nathan Ellis Serj. 



12. 3. 1 

Tim° Draper Serj. 



8.10. 1 

Job Buckminster 



7. 8. 2 

David Ellis 



10. 6. 3 

Amasa Farington 



4.10. 1 

Ezra Gay 



10. 6. 3 

Jerem Baker 



4.10. 1 

Enoch Kinsbury 



7. 8. 2 


Jon'' Onion 
Aaron Ellis 
Sam^ Colborn jr 
William Gay 
Jon'' Whiting 
Simeon Colburn 
John Colburn 
Joseph Dean 
And"^ Lewis 
Fisher Whiting 
Daniel Gay 
Seth Gay 
Jona Ellis 
Isaac Whiting 
Nath Colburn 

^8.15. OJ 
Suffolk ss Jany 5, 1776. Then Capt° Daniel Draper came before 
me & made Solemn oath that the above muster roll is just & true ac- 
cording to his best knowledge. 
Before Nat Sumner Jus. Pacis 
Exam^ & compared with the Original 

By JosiAH Johnson) p tee 

Jonas Dix | ^^^ 

In Council March 27"\ 1776. 

Read & allowed & there upon Ordered that warrant be drawn 
on the Treas^ for ^8-15-OJ- in full discharge of the within r-j\\. 

Perez Morton 

[Rev. Rolls, xii. 33, Mass. Archives.] D Seer 



5.10. 1 



4.10. 1 



4.10. 1 



4.10. 1 



4.10. 1 



4.10. 1 



10. 6. 3 



4.10. 1 



4.10. 1 



4.10. 1 



4.10. 1 



3. 5 

24 . 


4.10. 1 



4.10. 1 



7. 8. 2 

Dedham Dec^ y^ 14*'^ 1775 
A List of a Party of Soldiers in a Militia Company in Dedham 
under the command of David Fairbanks, and in CoP Heaths Reg* 
that was in the Service on y® Alarm y*^ 19"^ April 1775 


Names Rank Service 





David Fairbanks Cap* 2 

£^. 4. 2 



^0. 8. 6i 

Jon'' Colburn Lieu^ 2 

5. 8. 2 

3s 2 

0. 7.10^ 

Joseph Draper Serj* 2 

3. 5. 

2s 2 

0. 5. 7 

Joseph Dean Corp^ 2 

3. 6. 

2s 2 

0. 5. 3 

Oliver Ellis Corp^ 2 

3. 1. 

2s 2 

0. 5. 3 

Abel Richards Private 2 


2s 2 

0. 5. 


Dan^ Smith 




2s 2 

0. 5. 

Ezra Gay 




2s 2 

0. 5. 

Sam^ Colburn 




2s 2 

0. 5. 

John Farrington 




2s 2 

0. 5. 

Tim*' Baker 




2s 2 

0. 5. 

Sam| Baker 




2s 2 

0. 5. 

Abner Smith 




2s 2 

0. 5. 

Lemuel Herring 




2s 2 

0. 5. 

;^3.17. 6 

DaviD Fairbanks Cap*^ 

Colony Massachusetts Bay Jan^ 25"^ 1776 
David Fairbanks made solemn Oath that this roll subscribed by 
him is true in all its parts according to y® best of his knowledge. 

Before Saml Hotten 

Jus. Peace thro y® Colony. 
Watertown Jan^ 29"^ 1776 
The Committee appointed to exam'n Muster Rolls do hereby 
Certify that this is a True Copy of the Orignl 

Michael Farley 

^ ^ I Committee 

Edward Rawson 

In Council Feby 2^^ 1776 read & allowed & ord^^ that a warr* 
drawn on the Treas'^ for 3.17.6 in full of this roll. 

Perez Morton Dp Sec^ 
[Endorsed] Dedham April 19 1775. Cap* David Fairbanks 
Muster Roll Minute Men 

[Rev. Rolls, xii. 55.] 


By Edna Frances Calder. 

{Continued from page 28.) 


26 I must add more blank pages in the next diary for my political 
Register which I intend to enlarge & regret omissions that I often wish 
for a memento. 

30 Thanksg'g. 

Judge Metcalf came down to wake the people to their owai inter- 
est to keep Mid. post road to Hartford— but they wont take notice of it. 
Verifying that what's everybody's business is nobody's— they let oppor- 
tunity slip by ! ! ! 

1897.] AMES DIARY. 55 


5 Paid Minerva to this day. 

Tho the People know that their Ancient Eights & Estates enhanc'd 
are sinking in the middle post road departing from them— yet they sleep 
on, & wont move to help themselves. 

9 Earth covered with snow. Haven's Doctor Wheton come to 
crowd in. Parson Haven openly striving to push him into business. 

11 300 Bushels of Carolina Potatoes advertised by I. Kewel N". side 
T. Dock. Sent bag by Tho Mason he would not get me any. Sold 
Market 9 s Bushel. 

19 Ben Fariijgton sleding home my Timber logs my lot 2 L'^ 2 sticks. 

20 B. F. again sleding Logs my Lot. Bro't 3 logs at 3 times going. 
25 Christmas. Dedham Ch'h throng'd. 

Late in the fall of 1796 & beginning of this year the Idea of com- 
municating Boston with Worcester is revived especially of extending 
the Roxbury Canal thro the whole length of the Town along between 
Josh Richards house &; bara which is the height of land and along the 
Swale before Major Whiting's, cross the road by James Herring's, enter 
Charles river byAldrich's brook back of Col. Draper's— then up Need- 
ham by s'^ river & Bullards pond to Worcester Chickabee river & Con- 
necticut river— and John Johnson of Needham & others have lately 
been to survey & take the level all the way to Worcester and report it 
very practicable except at Josh Richards's aforesaid where they say the 
land rises 75 feet above the level of the river at Aldrich's Brook, which I 
am convinc'd, in my own judgment is false, as by the Eye & travelling 
survey it appears not above 10 or 15 feet to dig— and if dug deeper, or if 
it falls half as much from there to Charles river, such digirig will furnish 
water enough from that springy land to supply a Canal & float the Craft 
to make a Lock between there and the river if necessary— and the other 
way down behind Josh Richards's too, if they cannot easily bring a con- 
stant stream out of Charles river over the ridge by Josh Richards's down 
into the Roxbury Canal. And I do not think it so romantic or even re- 
mote as some people affect to believe & so I have wrote to the Select 
Men of Roxbury. Money enough to effect it has been offered 2 per 
Cent — Calvin Whiting says he will engage to furnish £100 towards 
doing it. But to Milton tide w^ater is only 6 miles, to Boston 9 or 10, 
which way wou'd Canal best succeed? 

January, 1798. 

3 A Committee of Gen^ Court to measure and explore the shortest 
routes us'd between ]3oston & Hartford reported last May Session 
against the established middle road thro Dedham which was referred 
to this January Session -And now the Towns from Boston to Douglass 
are roused and peliLioiiing against the acceptance of said Report. Rox- 
bury this 3<i January holds a Town meeting to raise money to improve 
the middle road & oppose its abolition— & Boston is moving in it. 

Wait further news of the Petitions I circulated in various towns, all 
approve them in Dedham & Roxbury. 

4 Ground bare hitherto but icy. Geo. Aspinwall came to stick in or 
try as Physician. 

10 G. Assembly meet. 

Judge Metcalf'here 10"' Jan For liis Mission as Agent at Court with 
a Petition of 100 signers at Bellingham and an absolute subscription of 
30 or 40 dollars not reserving any overplus of pay to go to the road as we 
have subscribed so that with full pay from other towns for his time as 
he will get a good overplus clear if he refuses to bring it into the Am* at 
Sessions. Our subscriptions have been retarded by D» Bullard. 

56 THE AMES JJIABY. [April, 

15 Bo't 4 Brls Cyder a 22s. Abijah Usher of Xorth Yarmouth taking 

17 Mille Harris began as Maid. Jones in Gaol, Cut his throat. 

17''^ Judge Metcalf returns, agrees to let it rest until Connecticut 
have made a good road between Douglas & Hartford, or the opposite 

?arty call it up in Gen^ Court. If useful improvements are to be made 
wish for them while I can enjoy them, and Connecticut Assembly has 
done all can be expected having granted 4 Turnpikes from Hartford to 

Subscription to pay Judge Metcalf 103 dol's to mend road fr Milford 
road to Millriver near Luke Kelley's house, 18 Subs. And 15 Shares of 
Connct. Turnpike a 100 cash subscr^. 

19 Elijah Adams esq. here to mend mittimus. 

20 Fanchett's Pamphlet excellent. 

21 Mrs. A. hinder'd my going to take Depositions at Tiot, turns off 
my Custom. 

23 Went Mr. Chickering's take Deposition. 
28 No meeting. Snow hard crusted, no travelling. 
31 Mrs. A. & Jem went Boston, fine sieving & as fine a day as pos- 
sible, thaws little in sunshine Mrs. A. carried 50 doll, to Boston. 


Having taken the Dedham Minerva of Herman Man the successor 
of the Heatons,the first printers in Dedham, from Thursday 14"^ Decemb. 
last, to Thursday. Febr. l^t seven weeks at 7^ 6 per Annum— but as it is 
of a bare British aristocratical complexion & therefore looses its Cus- 
tomers tho' Man promised to devote half of it to the French side, yet 
doth not perform but gleans the Mercurly,\Valpole, Porcupine & Centinel 
papers for lies against the French— I sent his paper back directing him 
to send me no more such stuff signifying that I may go & starve in 
France as I eat the bread of this Country, find fault with Jay's treaty— 
I sent him word he ought to go to England to print ! 

1 Sent back & ceas'd Minerva. Jere married to Suk Eichards. 

2 Jerem 'Shuttleworth married privately goes to keeping house 2*^ 
mo. l*f Feb. 

3 Went Boston with Capt. Pond his horse in my Sley. 

4 Mrs. A. hinders all my business of every kincT, throws in stumbing 
blocks to oppose & mar everything I might & wish to do to advantage! 
if I promise a Patient to visit she hinders it ! ! ! 

7 Coldest Xight known Thermom^ at 4 above 0. 

11 Col. Draper died. Bo't Brown's Elements of Med. and soon read 
it, 10^ Tho before I had perused it in part, I find it worth possessing 
tho' I cannot agree to all his novelties yet in general it is new, bold & 
rational, for the clime of Scotland at least, but 1 doubt wiiether it would 
so Avell fit the torrid zone ! 1 wish to see an answer advertised. 

19 Committed 4 Boston Lads to Gaol convicted of stealing 3^ doz 
FJggs out of Mrs. Plympton's Sley —The boys get out 21*i 

23 AV. Whiting deserts me without paying. 

24 Capt. Dan Gay died sudden. S. Shuttleworth return'd for Winter. 

25 Dr. Goldsmith's Essays Set forth that one profession is enough 
for one man for if you engage in two the World is apt to give employ- 
ment to neither. But what if one profession wont maintain a man'? 
iiow is he to proceed? 

28 Ephr. Wilson complains in behalf of his son against Ephr. Good- 
end ass' battJ— sent Letter. 

Mille Harris took hats of K. Guild to line&c! and settled & paid her 
wp to 22'i Feb. when she rems at 3« per week again, to 10*^ May, which 
makes 11 Weeks & then paid her 5i dollars. 


J3y William K. Maxn. 

{Continued from page ?A.) 

Anna Leonard, dau. of Walley and Anna, August 3, 1780. 

Hitta Leonard, dau. of Walley and Anna, November 19, 1781. 

Aaron Everet, son of Oliver and Susanna, January 2, 1783. 

Dene Holmes, dau. of John and Esther, June 7, 1781. 

Lewis Cobb, son of Stephen and Mary, Augusts, 1768. 

Mary Cobb, dau. of Stephen and Mary, January 21, 1773. 

Elizabeth Cobb, dau. of Stephen and Mary, July 1, 1775. 

Susanna Clark, dau. of Silvanus and Rachel, April 2, 1783. 

Experience Hev^ins, dau. of Benj. Jr. and Anna, September 19, 1782. 

Sebel Hewins, son of Enoch and Sarah, June 29, 1783. 

Esther Holmes, dau. of John Jr. and Esther, November, 29, 1783. 

John Clark, dau. of Thomas and Mary, May 7, 1782. 

Oliver Eddy, son of Elias and Mary, November 11, 1783. 

Otis Harlow, son of Asa and Elizabeth, June 18, 1784. 

Nancy Rhoads, dau. of Jeremiah and Mehetable, January 2, 1780. 

Benjamin Rhoads, son of Jeremiah and Mehetable, June 30, 1781. 

Mary Clap, dau. of William and Mary, June 10, 1782. 

William Clap, son of William and Mary, January 20, 1784. 

Nabby Baker, dau. of Elijah Jr. and Olive, August 28, 1779. 

Olive Baker, daughter of Elijah Jr. and Olive, August 23, 1782. 

Elijah Baker, son of Elijah Jr. and Olive, February 6, 1785. 

Susanna Everet, dau. of Olivier and Susanna, February 23, 1785. 

Sarah Atherton, dau. of Uriah and Mary, September 30, 1774. 

Abner Atherton, son of Uriah and Mary, January 31, 1776. 

Lemuel Atherton, son of Uriah and Mary, April 26, 1778. 

Jesse Atherton, son of Uriah and Mary, June 14, 1780. 

Unity Johnson, dau. of Elijah and Unity, December 7, 1782. 

Elijah Johnson, son of P^lijah and Unity, July 21, 1784. 

Jesse Johnson, son of Elijah and Unity, April 13, 1786. 

Sophia Johnson, dau. of Elijah and Unity, January 26, 1788. 

Stillman Johnson, son of Elijah and Unity, September 5, 1789. 

Marcus Johnson, son of Elijah and Unity, February 20, 1791. 

Ansell Johnson, son of Elijah and Unity, October 1 i, 1792. 

Charles Ide, son of Benjamin and Mary, December 22, 1793. 

Enoch Bullard, son of Benjamin and Hannah, September 5, 1792. 

Sally Bullard, dau. of Benjamin and Hannah, September 26, 1795. 

Fanny Smith, dau. of Israel Jun. and Ziporah, December 26, 1793. 

Levi Smith, son of Israel Jun. and Ziporah, April 19, 1795. 

Willard Gould, son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth, May 10, 1792. 

Jesse Bradshaw, son of Nathaniel and Mehelable, May 14, 1795. 

Anna Savels, dau. of John and Anna, July 11, 1796. 

Earl Bradford Gannett,son of Benjamin Jun. and Deborah, Nov. 8, 1785. 


Polly Gannett,dau. of Benjamin Jun. and Deborah, December 19, 1787. 
Patience Gannett, dau. of Benjamin Jun. and Deborah, Nov. 25, 1790. 
Susanna Shepard, dau. of Oliver and Susanna, September 25, 1796. 
David Mandly, son of David and Salome, November 12, 1780. 
Sardis Mandly, son of David and Salome, June 11, 1783. 
Anson Mandly, son of David and Salome, February 13, 1786, 
Salome Mandly, dau. of David and Salome, March 13, 1789. 
Thomas Mandly, son of David and Salome, September 15, 1791. 
Joseph Mandly, son of David and Salome, December 1, 1795. 
Nancy Fisher, dau. of Elijah and Susanna, Oct. 27, 1798. 
Jonathan Gannett, son of Joseph and Abigail, July 19, 1782. 
Abigail Gannett, son of Joseph and Abigail, May 6, 1784. 
Bradish Gannett, son of Joseph and Abigail, November 17, 1785. 
Anna Gannett, dau. of Joseph and Abigail, March 6, 1788. 
Hulda Gannett, dau. of Joseph and Abigail, May 16, 1790. 
Lucy Gannett, dau. of Joseph and Abigail, January 27, 1792. 
Nelly Gannett, dau. of Joseph and Abigail, December 26, 1794* 
Betsey Gannett, dau. of Joseph and Abigail, February 27, 1796. 
Hetee Johnson, dau. of Isaac and Olive, April 2, 1792. 
Sukey Johnson, dau. of Isaac and Olive, January 30, 1794. 
Eunice Johnson, dau. of Isaac and Olive, April 5, 1796, 
Betsey Tisdel, dau. of Capt. Edward and Rutha, August 13, 1775. 
Israel Tisdel, dau. of Capt. Edward and Rutha, February 24, 1780. 
Edward Tisdel, son of Capt. Edward and Rutha,. October 19, 1784. 
Rebeckah Kingman, dau. of Benjamin and Patty, March 27, 1778. 
Zebulon Holmes, son of Zebulon and Abigail, June 26, 1758. 
Abigail Holmes, son of Zebulon and Abigail, January 11, 1760. 
Olive Holmes, son of Zebulon and Abigail, July 3, 1762. 
Jesse Holmes, son of Zebulon and Abigail, May 12, 1768. 
Benjamin Holmes, son of Zebulon and Abigail, September 5, 1770. 
Mary Holmes, dau. of Zebulon and Abigail, December 25, 1772. 
Jacob Holmes, son of Zebulon and Abigail, February 28, 1774. 
Sarah Holmes, dau. of Zebulon and Abigail, June 5, 1776. 
Elizabeth Holmes, dau. of Zebulon and Abigail, August 23, 1778. 
Edward Holmes, son of Zebulon and Abigail, August 27, 1780. 
David Holmes, son of Zebulon and Abigail, January 30, 1784. 
Thomas Shepard, son of George and Eunice, February 7, 1782. 
Nancy Shepard, dau. of George and Eunice, January 8, 1784. 
Sophia Shepard, dau. of George and Eunice, June 14, 1786. 
George Shepard, son of George and Eunice, September 12, 1791. 
Otis Shepard, son of George and Eunice, April 12, 1793. 
Ira Felch, son of Isaac and Rachel, May 10, 1795. 
Arvard Felch, son of Isaac and Rachel, April 23, 1797. 
Hannah Johnson, dau. of Joshua and Hannah, July 21, 1781. 
Joshua Johnson, son of Joshua and Hannah, August 24, 1782. 
Spencer Johnson, dau. of Joshua and Hannah, March 28, 1784. 
Ruthe Johnson, dau. of Joshua and Hannah, February 6, 1786. 


Warren Johnson, son of Joshua and Hannah, April 5, 1787. 
Mathew Johnson, son of Joshua and Hannah, November 30, 1788. 
Anna Johnson, dau. of Joshua and Hannah, September 17, 1790. 
Alpha Johnson, son of Joshua and Hannah, March 11, 1792. 
Nathan Johnson, son of Joshua and Hannah, April 4, 1795. 
Eunice Bradshaw, dau. of Nathaniel and Mehetabel, February 28, 1797. 
Ruben Clap, son of Samuel and Abigail, October 24, 1796. 
James Billings , son of James and Marcy, December 5, 1791. 
Sarah Billings, dau. of James and Marcy, July 1, 1793. 
Nancy Billings, dau. of James and Marcy, March 25, 1795. 
Molly Smith, dau. of Israel Jun. and Ziporah, January 17, 1797. 
Joseph Drake, son of Siras and Hittable, December 18, 1787. 
Siras Drake, son of Siras and Hittable, August 9, 1789. 
Ruel Drake, son of Siras and Hittable, November 5, 1791. 
John Baker, son of Elijah and Hannah, March 7, 1765. 
Phineas Baker, son of John and Abigail, October 14, 1797. 
Asa Johnson, son of Joshua and Hannah, March 28, 1798. 

[Was called Asa for nine years, tlien called Otis.] 
Ebenezer Harlow, son of Benjamin and Ruth, July 19, 1768. 
Ebenezer Harlow, son of Ebenezer and Mary, August 21, 1788. 
Joel Harlow, son of Ebenezer and Mary, August 20, 1790. 
Jirah Harlow, son of Ebenezer and Mary, March 11, 1793. 
Policy Harlow, dau. of Ebenezer and Mary, October 11, 1795. 

{To he continued.) 


The Historical Society lias received from Mr. W. M. 
Cameron a cannon ball, whicli was given at the request of Capt. 
A. A. Folsom, of Boston ; and the following interesting letters 
will give its history : — 

Boston, March 22, 1897. 
Don Gleason Hill, Esq., Pres., Dedham Historical Society : 

Dear Sir, — I send you to-day by express, paid, the cannon ball 
which is from the second siege of Louisburg, 1758. This ball was 
given to me by Mr. Donkin, who had charge of building the railroad 
pier for the Dominion Coal Company at Louisburg. He is now the 
resident manager of the coal company in Nova Scotia. 

In dredging for the foundations of the pier they got quite a num- 
ber of relics of the siege. Among these was the keel of the French 
frigate " La Prudente," and I have the pleasure of having had given 
to me a cane made from it. 


I wrote to Mr. Donkin to get what information he had about this 
ball, and I enclose you a copy of a letter written by the Rev. T. 
Frazer Draper, a Church of England clergyman at Louisburg. I 
also enclose and mail you to-day a lithograph copy of a sketch made 
at the time of the siege by Capt. Davies of the British Army, or Navy, 
I do not remember which, and a copy of a letter from Mr. Draper to 
me which fully explains it. 

These things I send you at the request of Capt. A. A. Folsom, 
and I trust that they may be of some interest to you. 

Yours truly, W. M. Cameron. 

W. M. Cameron, Esq., Boston : 

Dear Sir, — Enclosed please find letter from Rev. T. Eraser 
Draper, on the subject of the cannon balls from Louisburg. 

I am sorry I could not have answ^ered more promptly, but trust 
the information given in ]\Ir. Draper's letter will be satisfactory. 

Yours truly, Hiram Donkix. 

Louisburg, C. B., November 13, 1895. 
Dear Mr. Donkin, — 

From all the the information, historical and otherwise, that 1 have 
been able to gather, the cannon balls came from the French 6J: gun 
ship " Le Celebre," which was set on fire by the explosion of the 
" Entreprenant " at the close of the siege of 1758. The " Entrepre- 
nant," occupying the most southerly position of war-ships remaining 
in the harbour, at that time was exploded by a shell fired from a 
bomb-ship anchored under the light-house, and communicated the fire 
to the "La Capricieux" and " Le Celebre'" which were anchored be- 
hind her in the order I have named them. As the cannon balls were 
taken from the innermost wreck there is no doubt in my mind that 
they came from the " Le Celebre.'' 

The bomb-ship, whose name I forgot — my papers in connection 
with her being at present in Halifax — was commanded by Capt. Davies, 
the officer who made the sketch of Louisburg during the siege of 
1758, a copy of which I think I gave you. Perhaps it may be inter- 
esting to your friends to know that I have such pictures. 

Trusting that this information may be satisfactory. 

Yours faithfullv, T. Eraser Draper. 


St. Bartholomew's Rectory, Louisburg, C. B. 

March 21, 1896. 
Dear Sir, — 

I am much pleased to know that you are interested in the history 
of the cannon balls which you received from Mr. Donkin. With 
regard to the picture that I have of Louisburg during the siege of 
1758, I may say that during that siege a sketch was made while the 
fight was going on, by a Capt. Davies — afterwards Lieut. Gen. Davies — 
who was in charge of one of the bomb-ships that was anchored off the 
light-house. The original sketch is now in the possession of the 
Brown-Walton family in England, from whom I obtained permission 
to have a lithograph made from it. From the lithograph I had 500 
half-tone copies printed with the hope of selling them at the time of 
the commemoration, in order to raise some money to build a read- 
ing room. But I was very busy on that day and for some time pre- 
vious, and so my venture proved a failure. It gives me now much 
pleasure to send you four copies, two for yourself and two for Mr, 
Whitney, and to ask you and him to accept them with my compli- 
ments. I propose sending the diver down again this summer to blow 
up some of the sunken ships, when I hope to procure a number of 
relics. Did you see the bar-shot taken up at the same time as the 
balls ? They were used for cutting the rigging. 

Yours very truly, T. Fraser Draper. 

W. M. Cameron. 

ANNUAL MEETING, March 3, 1897. 

The annual meeting was held in the Society's building on 
Wednesday evening, March 18, the President, Don Gleason 
Hill, in the chair. 

The officers elected for the ensuing year were : Don Gleason 
Hill, President; Erastus Worthington, Vice-PreMent ; John 
H. Burdakin, Librarian ; Julius H. Tuttle, Corresponding Sec- 
retary ; Harriet T. Boyd, Pecording Secretary ; George W. 
Humphrey, Treasurer ; Don Gleason Hill, Erastus Worthing- 
ton, John H. Burdakin, A. Ward Lanison, Carlos Shifter, Julius 
H. Tuttle, Curators. 



The Curators present the following annual report for 189G-7. 
Since our last annual report, the finishing of the basement in the 
Society's building, then proposed, has been completed. This room 
gives about one-half additional space for the Society's collection, and 
was much needed. Moreover it is well lighted, free from dampness, 
and will be sufficiently heated by the furnace. It is as well adapted 
to the preservation of books and papers as the upper room. It is 
not to be used as a storage room, but rather for the arrangement and 
consultation of our collection as an adjunct to the main room. 

The cost of this improvement was $486.80, and this was nearly 
met by a legacy to the Society of $423, received from the executor of 
the late Caroline E. C. Howe. 

Our large collection of the files of Dedham newspapers, bound 
and unbound, beginning in the last century, and valuable for historic 
reference, occupying much space, has been transferred to the lower 
room, where we hope to have it arranged so as to be accessible for 
consultation. ()ur associate, Mr. Slafter, has kindly undertaken the 
work, and if we can provide sliding shelves or drawers, adapted to 
the purpose, this very important part of our library will be made 

During the past year the three Gay portraits belonging to the 
Society have been freshened and restored, under the direction and 
at the expense of Mr. F. L. Gay, their donor. 

The old portrait found in the Shuttleworth house in 1886, the 
canvas being in a ruinous condition, has been skilfully restored by 
Jacob Wagner, artist, and placed in a suitable frame. The cost of 
its restoration was $50, which was paid by subscriptions of the 
curators and some members of the Society. 

This is the portait of Deborah Ames, the only daughter of Dr. 
Nathaniel and Deborah Ames, and is interesting for several reasons. 
Deborah Ames was born in Dedham, June 12, 1747, and was married 
Jan. 1, 1792, to the Rev. Samuel Shuttleworth of Windsor, Vermont, 
where both she and her husband lived and died. 


The portrait cannot be much less than one hundred and thirty 
years old. It well illustrates the style of dress, known to have been 
adopted by a young lady in the middle of the last century. In the 
opinion of experts who have seen it, this is one of Copley's earlier 
portraits. As we also know that during the period when it must 
have been painted (1765-1770), Copley was the only portrait painter 
in Boston, this expert opinion has some historic confirmation, and 
therefore it is safe to believe the portrait to be a real Copley. 

The number of visitors to our rooms during the year appearing 
on the register was 334, a large proportion of whom came from else- 
where than Dedham. 

It should always be kept in mind by the members and friends of 
the Society that it depends entirely for its support upon the annual 
assessments of its members and such gifts and legacies as it may re- 
ceive from time to time. While the assessments, if supplemented by 
a subscription to compensate the assistant librarian, will be sufficient 
for our current expenses, still any contingent expenses, however 
necessary, can only be provided for by gifts or legacies. The Society 
has already been favored by a number of such gifts, and there never 
will be a time when these are not needed. 

Erastus Worthington, 

J^or the Curators. 


During the past year there have been added to our Library sixty- 
two volumes and one hundred and ninety-three pamphlets. 

Although the accessions to the Library have diminished, there has 
been no apparent decrease in the number of persons who make use 
of, or derive benefit from it. 

I take this opportunity to inform the members of the need of funds 
to provide shelves for the large collection of newspapers now in the 
basement. A large portion of them are now inaccessible, being tied 
up in bundles and exposed to decay. A small sum of money will de- 
fray the expense of providing shelves, and when they have been put 
in, a member of the Board of Curators is ready to sort and arrange 
them. John H. Burdakin, 




Meetings of the Society have been held as follows during the year 
just closed : — 

March 18. The annual meeting. 

April 1 . Mr. Frank Smith read an interesting paper upon the 
History of the 4th or Springfield Parish (now Dover). 

May 7. Mr. Carlos Slafter communicated a paper upon "William 
Pitt as Patron of the American Colonies," which was printed in the 
Register (VII. 123-136) for October, 189G. This paper has been 

October 7. Mr. Erastus Worthington gave an interesting ac- 
count of the portrait of Deborah Ames, which had been restored for 
the Society by Mr, Jacob Wagner, and which is referred to in Mr. 
Worthington's report. 

December 2. Mr. William H. Badlam of Dorchester addressed 
the Society upon the subject, "Cruise of the U. S. S. Kearsarge and 
the Cruise of the Confederate S. S. Alabama." As Mr. Badlam was 
chief engineer of the Kearsarge, he was able to give a vivid account 
of her various encounters with blockade runners, and the Alabama. 

February 3. Hon. Winslow Warren presented an able paper on 
Fisher Ames, of whom he said that in spite of the lack of a hardy 
constitution, it was doubtful if any of his successors in Congress have 
surpassed his record. At the same meeting Mr. Worthington spoke 
of The Club which existed in Dedham from 1855 to 1871. 

The meetings for June, November and January were omitted. 

During the past year work has been begun, under vote of the town, 
upon a new volume of the ancient records, which will furnish much 
valuable material for our town history. The Society has continued 
to work quietly during the year, and it is to be hoped that, as an edu- 
cational institution, it may still have a wide field before it, and have 
the cordial support and interest cf the people of the town, and lovers 
of historical work. 

Don Gleason Hill, 


Copies of the " Clapboard-Trees " map, on suitable paper for 
framing, are for sale at the Historical Rooms, at 25 cents each. 


c/^ , 

The Dedham Historical Register. 

Vol. VIII. July, 1897. No. 3. 


/^ALViN Guild was born in that part of Dedham 
^-^ known as Upper Village, or Connecticut Corner, 
on November 22, 1808, and was the son of Calvin and 
Lendamine (Draper) Guild. Mr. Guild's ancestry in- 
cludes many names well known in the early annals of 
New England: John Guild, John Dwight, Nathaniel 
Whiting, Robert Ware, Michael Metcalf, Jonathan Fair- 
banks, and ruling-elder John Hunting, all of Dedham ; 
Captain Samuel Guild and John Woodcock of Indian- 
War fame ; William Curtis, and his wife Sarah, sister of 
the Apostle Eliot; Robert Cushman, his son, Elder 
Thomas Cushman, and Lieut. Isaac Allerton, of Plymouth ; 
and last but not least Captain Joseph Guild, who served 
in the Revolution, from Dedham. 

The early home of Mr. Guild was in the house on High 
Street, near Lowder, recently remodeled and now occu- 
pied by Mr. Gardner Perry. His father's earlier home 
was in the old Metcalf house now owned by Mrs. A. W. 
Nickerson on Dedham Island ; and about the time of his 
marriage to Lendamine, daughter of Major Abijah and 
Desire Draper, he moved into the house just north of the 
Guild house above mentioned, where two of his large 
family of ten children were born. Captain Francis Guild 
and Mrs. Ezra W. Taft. When the old house was moved 

The writer is indebted to Rev. J. B. Seabury, who preached a sermon, "In 
Memoriam," on May 30, 1897, printed in the Dedham Transcript for June 12, 
and to members of the family, for many facts contained in this sketch. 

66 CALVIN GUILD. [July. 

from the Dowse place to the present position, about the 
year 1802, Mr. Guild and his family moved into it, and the 
northern end was fitted up as a store, which was kept for 
many years, and in which Calvin, Jr., the subject of this 
sketch, spent much time in his earlier years. In this 
home the remaining eight children were born, of which 
family of ten, Calvin, Jr., was the fifth child and third son. 

He received most of his education in the school near 
by, and afterward spent a short time in a private school. 
" He was noted for his vivacity and merriment, and was 
full of fun and mischief. " Although not strong in body, 
yet his mind w^as active and he made good progress in 
his studies. At the age of fourteen years his mother died, 
on October 26, 1823, leaving a devoted father and a large 
family to mourn her loss. She was a woman " of great 
strength and symmetry of character," and "she instilled 
into the minds of her children love of truth, love of God, 
and love of the Bible. " At the age of sixteen years Cal- 
vin went to Canton and there served his apprenticeship 
with a cabinet maker. Six years later, in 1830, he went to 
New Orleans where he spent a year, going the greater 
part of the way on foot and returning " by boat up the 
Mississippi and the Ohio to Cincinnati, and thence over- 
land." Upon his return he became an overseer in Mr. 
Ezra W. Taft's cotton mill at East Dedham. 

Early in 1836, he went to Hookset, N. H., where 
he was connected with the Amoskeag Manufacturing 
Company, and for a time kept a store in the same place. 
On May 19, 1836, Mr. Guild was married to Margaret, 
daughter of Frederic and Abigail (Wood) Taft, who was 
born at Uxbridge on May 31, 1806, and was the youngest 
of a family of eleven children. See pages 45-48 of this 
volume for an account of the Taft family, by Howard 
Redwood Guild. Miss Margaret Taft taught in the First 
Middle School as an associate of Mr. Joseph Augustus 
Wilder, and is referred to by Mr. Slafter in his "Schools 

1897.] CALVIN GUILD. 67 

and Teachers of Dedham" (Reg. vil. 9, for January, 1896). 
Mr. Guild remained at Hookset about three years, and 
in 1839 he was again in New Orleans for six months. 
Upon his return to Dedham, he was again an overseer in 
Mr. Taft's mill. In 1846 he went to Gilboa, New York, 
where he spent a year and four months as an agent for a 
mill there. When he came back to Dedham again, he 
took up his residence at the Messinger house opposite 
his father's home, where he spent five years with his 
family. He then removed to Federal Hill into the new 
house which he had built, now known as " Pine Cliff Cot- 
tage." This place he sold to Messrs. Burr and Osgood 
about eleven years later, when he moved into the house 
owned and recently occupied by Mr. John H. Burdakin. 
His next move nine years later was into the house south 
of it where he spent the remaining years of his life. 

Mr. Guild was a great reader, and was deeply inter- 
ested in historical matters. It was the keen interest of 
Mr. Guild in the study of local history that led to the 
formation of the Dedham Historical Society. The first 
meeting to consider the new enterprise was held in his 
office, that of the Dedham Institution for Savings, on 
February i, 1859, and he was chosen Secretary and Treas- 
urer at the first regular meeting on March 10, which 
positions he held until 1867. He was greatly interested 
in the success of the Society, and by his courtesy the 
meetings were held in the same room until June 25, 1866. 
At this time his office was needed for other purposes, and 
quarters for the society were secured in the Court House. 

When he returned to Dedham from Gilboa he was en- 
gaged as bookkeeper for Messrs. Shorey and Co., of which 
firm Mr. John Shorey and Mr. Francis Guild were two 
of the members. It w^as while here that his thorough- 
ness and neatness in keeping books became known to the 
Trustees of the Dedham Institution for Savings, at the 
time of a vacancy in the Treasurer's position caused by 

68 CALVIN GUILD. [July, 

the death of Mr. George ElHs. On June 25, 1855, he was 
chosen to fill this place, and on July i he entered upon 
the discharge of his duties. Here he continued an up- 
right and faithful officer until his resignation on Decem- 
ber I, 1886, when advancing years made it necessary for 
him to retire from active pursuits. From this time until 
his death he was Vice-President and a Trustee. 

His early training was such as to interest him deeply 
in the work of the Church and in all religious matters. 
He became a member of the Sunday School at its be- 
ginning in May, 1816, two years before the division of the 
Church and parish, and continued his connection with 
the school until his death, having been for a long time a 
teacher and for about ten years the superintendent. He 
joined the First Congregational Church in the year 1832, 
and in 1859 was chosen a Deacon. " For 65 years a con- 
sistent nember and for 38 years a deacon, this man of God 
has served this Church faithfully and wisely. He has 
poured his whole life into the church. He loved it with 
the affection of true loyalty." He was not less devoted 
to the highest welfare of his home. " He maintained the 
sanctity of his family life. He upheld the family altar 
with untiring devotion." Mrs. Guild died on January 23, 
1891, "with whom he walked in sweet and blessed con- 
cord, " for more than fifty-five years. " She was the em- 
bodiment of the Christian graces; her life was a perennial 
fruit of the spirit; as self-sacrifice, patience, charity that 
suffereth long and is kind. " 

Deacon Guild published a Genealogy of the Guild 
Family (Providence, 1867), and a History of the Sunday 
School of his Church (Dedham, 1886); and among his 
wTitings are two papers read before the Dedham His- 
torical Society, "Dedham Branch Railroad," March 25, 
1861, Manufacturing in Dedham, Sept. 4, 1865 (Reg. iv. 
51-54); and "Connecticut Corner before 1840" (Reg. v. 

1897.] CALVIJ^ GUILD. 69 

All who knew Mr. Guild have many pleasant recollec- 
tions of his friendship, and his sterling character. He 
lived to a good old age, with his mind still clear, and his 
interest in those about him unabated ; and his death on 
May 21, 1897, seemed but the happy ending of a useful 
and honorable life. 


O, many shall weep, good old man. in their sorrow 

For thee who art gone to the new life begun ! 

So kindly thy days, that shall aid each to-morrow, 

Now Heaven doth bless thee while earth can but mourn. 

Long years for the Master in love hast thou labored. 
From morning till midday, till setting of sun ; 
When others grew weary or laggard and wayward 
Thou faithful continued, life's purpose is done. 

The years of thy life were long fourscore and over, 
A merciful Father hath granted this prayer ; 
Thy welcome awaiting, how^ long didst thou hover 
O'er death's mystic river to cross over there. 

How cheery thy greeting when thin locks were whitened ! 
Yet firm as thy will and elastic thy tread, 
Thy heart was still warm and thy face with love brightened 
The halo of purity crowning thy head. 

In many a home thou'lt be missed on the morrow. 
In many a place will thine absence be felt. 
At meetings for aid, at the sick bed, in sorrow. 
In ways of the busy, wherever thou dealt. 

Thy lot many years at the bankers' rooms daily, 
And true was thy honor with funds of the poor, 
Thou'rt gone from all these, they who greeted thee gaily. 
And sorrow^ing ones, none shall welcome thee more. 


And still, not too soon, good old man for thy leaving, 
When friendships fast change to but memories dear ; 
In age often lonely, how sad was thy grieving, 
To miss her whose smile filled thy days with its cheer ! 

Not thine are the honors of wide waving banners, 
Thou were't loved and revered, true to God and to life ; 
O! fairer than laurel thy crown, where hosannas 
Fill the City of Peace, now thy refuge from strife. 

Paltnam qui meruit fer at. 
June 11, 1897. 


By W. S. Tilden. 

Again we meet, on the day set apart especially to ex- 
press our grateful and tender remembrances of the sleep- 
ing soldiers of that noble army which fought out our 
national unity thirty-two years ago. We recount their 
deeds, strew flowers upon their resting places and breathe 
a sigh of compassionate grief for those who lie in cold, 
unheeded graves, far away from home and friends. 

The lapse of time may have abated somewhat of the 
freshness of our feeling, but not its depth. The day, hal- 
lowed to a noble purpose, maybe turned to a day of sports 
by the thoughtless ; but the patriotic citizen cannot forget 
its import. Unworthy recipients of the benefits be- 
queathed to us by self-sacrificing toil and suffering shall 
we be if, as the day returns, we fail to recall by appropriate 
observances the heroism of those who now lie beneath the 
sod, as well as of those that still survive, who with them 
faced the storm of war in behalf of our beloved land. 

A paper read in behalf of the Medfield Historical Society at the Memorial 
Day exercises in Chenery Hall, May 31, 1897. 


Yet while occupied with thoughts Hke these, it is by 
no means unfitting that our eyes should turn toward that 
earlier past, when, with undaunted bravery, our fathers 
laid the foundations of our nationality amid the struggles 
of the American Revolution. We may be the more in- 
clined to do this as time lengthens since the conclusion 
of our Civil War. At first, the rugged hills of that period 
in the immediate foreground of our retrospect shut out 
all else. But as we recede, these melt into a more ex- 
tended landscape; and the distant ranges of '76 rise to 
view beyond those of '61, and the horizon of our vision 
embraces both at once. 

Reminiscences of that earlier time. in no wise dim the 
glories of the later victories ; and soldiers of the Grand 
Army of the Republic cannot wish to forget the value of 
their sires. 

Our fathers gave us liberty, 

And sealed it with their blood ; 

Their stalwart sons have kept it safe 

Through many a storm and flood. 

Very briefly then, for a few moments this afternoon, 
let us go back in imagination to the great struggle for in- 
dependence. When the oppressions of the British gov- 
ernment had become no longer bearable, and the conflict 
seemed at hand, a certain proportion of all the men in the 
towns who were capable of military service, was set apart 
to be ready, at a moment's notice, to march to the point 
of danger. These were called the "Minute men." We 
have often read the line. 

They left the plough-share in the mould, 

and may have thought it merely a poetic flight ; but it 
was a plain matter of fact in at least two instances in this 
very town. When the alarm came, on the 19th of April, 
i775» of the march of the British troops upon Lexington 
and Concord, Capt. Ephraim Chenery, who lived on the 
place now owned by Mr. Jewell, was ploughing in the 


iield; he unhitched his oxen from the plough, left it where 
it v/as in the furrow, and started for the scene of action 
at once. Silas Mason, ploughing on his now abandoned 
homestead upon Pine Street, did the same thing. James 
Tisdale, a hatter, was finishing a hat when the news 
reached him; he dropped the hat and brush, made himself 
ready, and started. 

Captain Sabin Mann, who lived on the place owned by 
the late W. R. Smith, gathered his company of twenty-eight 
men, and marched toward Lexington ; they were in service 
tv/elve days. Capt. Ephraim Chenery also started with a 
company of fifty-four men ; and though it is not likely 
that they arrived in season to witness the hurried retreat 
of the British to Boston, they were ready to do good ser- 
vice, doubtless, had they the opportunity of those who 
lived nearer that iiistoric locality. The same company 
marched again at the Bunker Hill alarm. 

Adjutant Adam Peters, w^ho owned the present Sewall 
homestead, a grandfather of James Hewins, Esq., marched 
with the West Suffolk Regiment (to which county Med- 
field then belonged), at the time of the Lexington alarm, 
and was in service thirteen days. 

When the war began in earnest after Independence 
Day, 1776, men were called for to form the continental 
army, to be sent anywhere in the colonies or elsewhere, 
as their services should be required ; and while the war 
lasted, during the seven years, Medfield sent at least 
fo7'ty-tJiree men into that service. We can only, on this 
Memorial Day, speak of a few of these, but let it be with 
deep appreciation when we remember the privations and 
hardships they endured, to say nothing of the casualties 
of war, — sometimes tracking their way with blood over 
frozen ground as they marched with shoeless feet, often 
suffering from insufficient clothing and supplies, for the 
country was then comparatively poor, especially as im- 
poverished during that long war of three millions of scat- 

1807. J ly THE IIEVOLUTION. 73 

tered colonists ag-ainst the forces of the British Empire. 
They were poorly armed, also, in many instances; some of 
them carrying" the old " Queen's arm," as it was called, a 
heavy musket, six or seven feet long-, which had been sent 
in Queen Anne's day to the colonists in their wars with 
the French, seventy-five years before ; and which one of 
our Medfield soldiers described as being as wearisome to 
carry as an iron crow-bar. 

Colonel Ephraim Wheelock, who lived on the very 
spot where Chenery Hall now stands, had been in the 
French and Indian War and was at the siege of Louisburg. 
He entered the Continental army and commanded a regi- 
ment at Ticonderoga and Crown Point. Sabin Mann, al- 
ready referred to, was a captain in the same service. 

James Tisdale, before mentioned among the minute 
men, was commissioned as Captain, and went with his 
company on that terrible expedition through the wilder- 
ness of Maine to operate against Quebec. He was 
wounded, taken prisoner, paroled, exchanged, and re- 
joined the army at Saratoga. His ruined headstone in 
our cemetery deserves to be replaced. 

Phineas Allen, grandfather of Prof. Joseph Allen, en- 
listed at the age of sixteen, and was in the army at "York" 
at the time of Arnold's treachery and Andre's execution. 
He shared also in the hardships of our army in "the 
Jerseys," and walked all the way home at the expiration 
of his term of service, arriving in miserable plight. 

Holland Wood, though not a native of the town, en- 
listed from Medfield. He was noted as being a remark- 
ably athletic man. In the service he was an artilleryman; 
and on one occasion when all those serving the field-piece 
with him were disabled, he seized the hand-spike and 
wheeled the gun into position by his unaided strength. 

Samuel Cole, an uncle of the late Richard Cole, was a 
boy at the beginning of the war, and longed for the time 
to come when he should arrive at the age of sixteen, when 


he might be permitted to enHst as a Continental soldier. 
He did so, and went with the army to "York." In a 
skirmish, our men (he among them) were forced to re- 
treat, hotly pursued by the enemy. At last Cole gave 
out, exhausted, and said, " I can't go any further, " and sat 
down. A British soldier presently came up and said, 
" You are my prisoner. " He had often declared he 
would never be taken alive. His only reply was the 
raising of his musket and shooting his captor, when he 
was presently shot by the Briton's comrades. 

Ephraim Smith, grandfather of the writer, enlisted 
when a youth of eighteen or thereabouts, and went to 
Saratog, as he used to call it. He was on guard over the 
Burgoyne prisoners for three months ; also one of the 
guards over Major Andre while awaiting execution. He 
used often to describe with admiration the noble bearing 
of that unfortunate young officer. 

On one occasion, the men in the detachment to which 
he belonged were obliged to sleep over night on the bare 
ground under the open sky. It was then cold weather. 
He lay down and slept, wrapped in his blanket ; toward 
morning he awoke, and was surprised at the comfort and 
warmth of his bed. Raising himself up, he found that 
during the night a light snow had fallen, covering them 
all nicely in its mantle. All around were hundreds of 
little snow covered hillocks, beneath each of which a sol- 
dier lay quietly sleeping. He laid himself down again, 
but the pleasant warmth of his couch had fled. Many 
stories of Revolutionary times were told by him ; but they 
are now largely forgotten, as those to whom they were 
committed, have themselves passed away. 

Four colored men enlisted from this town in the Con- 
tinental army. One of these was James Arculas, who 
lived here at the beginning of the war, and for twenty 
years afterward. He is described in the rolls at the 
State House as twenty-three years of age in 1776; 


complexion, black. Another was Peter Warren, who was 
buried in the westerly end of our old " burying ground, " 
and who is described upon his headstone as " a respect- 
able man of color. " He is said to have been a natural 
son of Admiral Warren of the British navy. 

The others were Warrick and Newport Green, who 
were attached to a wealthy family of that name that came 
here for safer residence, from Rhode Island, and remained 
during the war. People of a preceding generation used 
to say that "old Warrick" could remember being stolen 
from Africa. They became free after the war, and lived 
with their families at the place popularly known as 
" Guinea, " at the extremity of what is now called Green 
Street. Many others of our Continentals passed through 
scenes equally important and interesting, and are worthy 
of equal mention with those named ; but time and oppor- 
tunity fail to collect and present incidents concerning 
them on this occasion. 

Besides the minute-men and the Continental soldiers, 
there were the " alarm lists, " made up from the militia of 
the towns, liable to be called upon for service at any time 
near home. There were many such alarms, especially in 
the direction of Rhode Island, when it was several times 
apprehended that the enemy contemplated a landing. 
Many of our townsmen served on these occasions ; also 
at Dorchester Heights, Hingham, and other places. In 
all, this town furnished i6o men, who took the field for 
active service in one form or another, out of a population 
of 725. 

The Medfield Historical Society has located the burial 
places of sixty-eight of these ; and they are now, through 
an appropriation by the town, designated with the official 
markers of the " Sons of the American Revolution. " As 
we visit to-day the spot where our heroes dreamless sleep, 
and with pathetic memories recall the earlier as well as 
the later times when sacrifice, and toil, and blood became 

76 JOIIX GOLlJiyO. [July, 

the price of our national institutions and of their per- 
petuity, we will tread softly as over patriots' graves; and 
we may, amid those surroundings, repeat with renewed 
feeling the words of Percival : — 

Here rest the great and good, — here they repose 
After their generous toil. A sacred band 
They take their sleep together, while the year 
Comes with its early flowers to deck their graves, 
And gathers them again as winter frowns. 
* # * * * 

They need no statue nor inscription to reveal their greatness ; 

It is round them, and the Joy 

With which their children tread the hallowed ground 

That holds their venerated bones, the peace 

That smiles on all they fought for, and the wealth 

That clothes the land they rescued, these, — 

Though mute as feeling ever is when deepest. — these 

Are monuments more lasting than the fanes 

Reared to the kings and demigods of old. 


By Mrs. Isadora Bonney WhiTxMore. 

Prominently connected with the early manufacturing 
interests of the town of Dedham, was the name of John 
Golding, a name which seems to have almost passed into 
oblivion, although the possessor of it was a man, who, 
through his force of character, and powers of invention, 
won a far more than local renown. 

He was born in Templeton, rather more than a hun- 
dred years ago ; spent a part of his early life in Shrews- 
bury, and died in Worcester, Mass. When quite a young 
man, he had a shop for building woolen machinery at 
Hurd's Factory, Chelmsford, Mass. This factory occu- 
pied the site where the Middlesex Mills in Lowell now 

1897.] JOHN GOLDING. 77 

stand, but that was many years before the City of Lowell 
came into existence. 

From Chelmsford he went to the little town of Hali- 
fax, taking his machinists with him ; there he built the 
machinery and miade satinet, being in the employ of 
Hobart, Mitchell & Co., who owned the factories, and who 
paid him well for his work. He moved from there to 
Dedham in 1822, Mr. Thomas Barrows, afterwards, so 
well known in Dedham, taking his place as superintend- 
ent in Halifax. 

Mr. Golding hired of Mr. Benjamin Bussey, the build- 
ing which has always been known as the Upper Mill, at 
Mill Village ; this had not been used for some years. Here, 
in 1823, he put in and ran the first broad looms, driven by 
power, in the world. For many years after this looms 
were run by hand in England. 

Here, as at Halifax, he was succeeded by Mr. Barrows, 
who came to Dedham in 1835, the Bos worths, Coburns, 
Aliens, and other families, at one time well known in Mill 
Village, moving from Halifax to Dedham at the same 
time that he did. Mr. Golding made the machinery for 
the brick mill, which was built by Benjamin Bussey about 
1825, and which occupied the site of the first grist mill, 
built in 1 641. 

Later, Mr. Golding built at Cart Bridge, Connecticut 
Corner, a shop for making woolen machinery, a mill for 
making flannels, and the necessary accompaniment, a 
boarding house. The fuel used for running this mill was 
peat from the neighboring meadows. These buildings 
were all destroyed by fire, but were rebuilt, and later, cot- 
tons were printed there. Being burned a second time, 
they were never replaced, and now, no vestige of them 
remains. Afterward Mr. Golding invented a carpet loom, 
and went with it several times to England to secure a 
patent there. He also made a steam-carriage, which 
does not seem to have been a great success. 


His most famous invention, or what he claimed as 
such, was a carding machine, by which the roping could 
be made into yarn, right from the cards ; this was made 
with the assistance of Calvin Whiting and Edward Wins- 
low ; the former is said to have made the machine for the 
manufacture of the roping; the latter, that for winding it 
up, they probably worked with Mr. Golding. 

The invention was a very valuable one, and out of it 
came several law-suits. In the first one, Golding retained 
Daniel Webster for a lawyer. All went smoothly until 
Winslow testified that Golding, before applying for the 
patent, offered him $1000. for his share in the invention ; 
at that, Webster said if Golding had tried to buy Wins- 
low's right in the patent before he had himself secured it, 
it was useless to go on, so, for that time, the case was 
given up, but 40 years later, when Edmunds and Colby 
were the owners of the mills at Mill Village, Golding 
was successful in obtaining his patent. This he sold to 
Jordan, Marsh & Co. for $75,000. As the manufacturers 
refused to pay for the use of the patent, another long law- 
suit followed, they combining against Jordan, Marsh & 
Co. ; at last a compromise was made with the combined 
manufacturers, allowing them to use the carding machine, 
without paying for it, but a great deal of money has been 
paid for the use of the invention by those not in the com- 


By Erastus Worthington. 

The completion of the Shaw memorial, and the im- 
pressive ceremonies attending its dedication, have 
awakened some slumbering memories of the formation of 
the Fifty-fourth Regiment, which have some local interest. 


The raising of this negro regiment, the first organized 
east of the Mississippi River, marked a distinct departure 
in the /^ri-6>;/7^^/ of the armies of the Union. It had re- 
quired nearly two years of indecisive campaigns and 
many bloody battles, before the loyal North would con- 
sider the policy of enlisting negro soldiers. In no other 
State than Massachusetts could such a regiment have 
been enlisted. Everywhere among loyal men, there was 
a distrust of the ability of the negro to become an efficient 
soldier, inspired in many cases by the prejudice of race, 
but in many others by a sincere and honest opinion that 
it was an ill-advised scheme. The proclamation of eman- 
cipation, Jan. I, 1863, had opened a new era in the con- 
duct of the w^ar, and many were beginning to believe that 
peace would come only through the enlistment of the 
freedmen on the Union side. 

Governor Andrew, from his anti-slavery convictions, 
had long cherished the idea of forming a negro regiment 
in Massachusetts, and in the beginning of 1863, he re- 
solved to attempt its execution. It was undertaken in the 
face of many difficulties. He found but little sympathy 
from the military authorities in Washington and in Mas- 
sachusetts there was much indifference among the loyal 
supporters of the Union cause. The Confederates had 
publicly proclaimed that no quarter would be shown to 
the officers or men of a negro regiment. To accept a com- 
mission therefore in such a regiment, demanded a degree 
of moral courage beyond that expected of an officer in 
any other service. 

The recruiting began in Boston, February 9, 1863. 
Besides the men raised in Massachusetts, some came from 
Philadelphia and from Northern states. The military 
rendezvous was at Readville, between Sprague Street and 
the road bed of the New England Railroad. The field 

Eemarks before the Dedliam Historical Society at the regular meeting on 
June 3, 1897. 


remains now much the same as in 1863. A small solitary- 
house is still standing there which was made from a part 
of one of the buildings, used as barracks. One other negro 
regiment, the Fifty-fifth, was assembled on this field, 
but no other regiment was ever encamped here during 
the war. 

In the selection of officers, who were all white. Gov. 
Andrew was careful to require not only a good record of 
previous military service, but also a confidence and belief 
in the capacity of the negro to become a good soldier. He 
wanted, as he said, to make this a "model regiment." 

Col. Robert G. Shaw at this time was but twenty-five 
years of age. He was then a captain in the Second Regi- 
ment, and had seen arduous service. He was descended 
from a well-known Boston family, his grandfather, Robert 
G. Shaw, being a wealthy merchant and liberal in his 
benefactions. His father,Francis George Shaw,had lived in 
West Roxbury near where Theodore Parker resided. He 
came there in 1841, but in 1847 removed to Staten Island, 
New York. He was a scholarly gentleman, and inter- 
ested in local affairs. In West Roxbury he was a mem- 
ber of the School Committee, an overseer of the poor, and 
president of the first Common Council, when Roxbury 
was made a city. The writer, when a boy, remembers 
seeing him sitting as a juror in our Court House. 

The Shaw family were decidedly anti-slavery in their 
proclivities, so that young Capt. Shaw, besides being a 
good officer, was imbued with the belief tl>at when the 
opportunity should be given, the negro would vindicate 
his right to the name and fame of a soldier. 

One of the captains in the regiment was William 
Harris Simpkins, whose name is inscribed upon the tab- 
lets of the memorial as having fallen in the assault upon 
Fort Wagner, July 18, 1863. There are several persons 
now living in Dedham, who must recall Willie Simpkins 
when he lived here with his parents, as a sweet-faced 


curly-haired boy, attending our High School. His parents 
boarded at the old Norfolk House on Court street, and he 
was a pupil in our High School for three years, and his 
sister for two years. He was first a corporal and then a 
sergeant in the 44th Mass. Infantry. He was recom- 
mended by Col. Lee, upon the request of Gov. Andrew for 
a commission in the 54th Mass. Infantry. 

In the Record of the service of the 44th Mass. Infantry, 
occurs the following notice of Capt. Simpkins. After 
speaking of Capt. Cabot J. Russel, it proceeds to say : 
"The other captain was W. H. Simpkins, an intimate 
friend of Russel's in both regiments, who was killed while 
in the act of ministering to his comrade in his dying mo- 
ments. Simpkins, Russel and Sergeant G. W. James 
formed a little group of kindred spirits in company F of 
the Forty-fourth Regiment,who talked over the question of 
employing colored troops, long before the experiment was 
tried, and all of whom were ready to engage in the work, 
as soon as officers were called for. They all won for 
themselves an enviable record during their brief service. 
Two of them were killed together at Fort Wagner, while 
James, the adjutant of the regiment, was severely wounded 
and has since died " (p. 264). 

Capt. Simpkins was buried in the common trench 
with Col. Shaw, Capt. Russel and the men. Surely those 
who knew Willie Simpkins as a school boy here cannot 
read his name upon the tablets of the Shaw memorial 
without emotion. It is worthy of note in passing, that of 
Simpkins' class in our High School, no less than ten en- 
tered the military or naval service. Of these Edward E. 
Hatton was killed at the battle of Antietam, and Capt. 
Julius M.Lathrop was mortally wounded at Cane River, La. 

The writer well remembers the day when Gov. An- 
drew delivered the National and State flags to Col. Shaw 
at Readville. It was during a session of the Superior 
Court in Dedham, at which Judge Thomas Russell pre- 


sided. He informed us in the morning" of his desire to go 
to Readville to witness the ceremony. He was a warm 
sympathizer with the occasion, and he easily found an 
opportunity to adjourn the Court. At the invitation of 
Sheriff Thomas, Mr. Endicott, our present Sheriff, and 
myself rode in a carriage to Readville. We left Judge 
Russell upon the bench in the Court Room, but when we 
reached Readville we saw Judge Russell in the centre of 
the hollow square into which the regiment had been 
drawn up, with Gov. Andrew and a group of gentlemen 
and some ladies. There was a crowd of the friends of the 
soldiers pressing in from the outside, but according to the 
memory of the writer, the crowd was not a large one. We 
witnessed from our carriage looking over the heads of the 
soldiers, (the delivery of the colors by the Governor to 
Col. Shaw, but we could not hear what was being said. 

The occasion was one of profound interest to all who 
witnessed it. It was the first time a full regiment of 
colored men had been seen in the blue uniforms of the 
Union army, and the colored friends of the soldiers viewed 
them with mingled admiration and sympathy. To Gov. 
Andrew it was the accomplishment of a long cherished 
hope, and his great heart was in it. And it was felt by all 
to be an event fraught with great possibilities in the con- 
duct of the war. In the retrospect it indeed seemed to 
have been an historic event. 

The regiment left the State May 28, 1863. In less 
than two months its colors were planted upon the parapet 
of Fort Wagner, where Shaw fell at the head of the storm- 
ing column. 

The regiment occupied an advanced position after- 
wards in the siege of Charleston. In January, 1864, it 
formed a part of an expedition to Florida., where it was 
engaged in the battle of Olustee. During the summer 
and autumn it remained at Morris Island. It entered 
Charleston Feb. 25, 1865, and took part in an expedition 


to central South Carolina in April, 1865. It was mustered 
out Aug. 20, 1865, and discharged at Gallop's Island, Sept. 

1, 1865. The writer saw the regiment there after its re- 
turn. It was finally disbanded on Boston Common, Sept. 

2, 1865, where their colored friends gave them a collation, 
which was an occasion of great interest. 


By CapwLOS Slafter. 
{Continued from page 44.) 

Mr. Miles T. Gardner for several years, beginning about 
1836, taught a private school in Dedham in the house now occu- 
pied by Mrs. Thomas L. Wakefield. It was well patronized by 
the leading citizens, but no dates of its beginning and ending 
are attainable. In the Dedham records we find this publishment. 
"1838, Ap. 22. Mr. Miles T. Gardner of Dedham and Miss 
Martha Getting of West Cambridge. " 

Miss Elmira Whiting was mistress of the Mill School, sum- 
mer of 1838. She was the daughter of John and Lucinda F., 
born April 27, 1812. She never married, and died before ar- 
riving at an advanced age. 

Miss Joanna Plympton of Walpole, afterwards Mrs. Willard 
Lewis, had charge of the Second Middle School, summer of 1838, 
twenty weeks. 

Miss Emily Stone taught the South School of the South 
Parish sixteen weeks in the summer of 1838. The thirty pupils, 
from three to fifteen years old, show an average attendance of 
28, as her neatly kept register still testifies. 

East Street School from Nov. 7, 1838, to March 8, 1839, was 
instructed by Mr. J. Holmes. There were forty pupils, and 
the average attendance was thirty-seven ; eight studied Worces- 
ter's General History, and five Watts on the Improvement of the 
Mind. The register kept by him shows that there was not a 
child of foreign parentage in the school. 


Mr. George Otis Fairbanks of Medway taught the North 
School of the South Parish (now Norwood) from April 9, 1838, 
to March 10, 1839. His school numbered 72, 41 boys, 31 girls ; 
average attendance, 57 ; of ages from 19 to 3 years ; 22 pupils 
from three to five years. With such a school he was expected 
to be always calm and even-tempered for twenty-five dollars per 
month, paying for his board monthly out of that generous salary 
only eleven dollars. Mr. Fairbanks, the son of Otis and Sylvia 
(Fuller) Fairbanks, began to teach school when seventeen years 
old, and had a successful experience in Upton, Canton, Dedham, 
Lowell and Newburyport, Mass. Then he studied dentistry, 
and in 1845 began practice in Fall River, where for many years 
he was the leader of his profession. He w^as public spirited,and 
held many offices; school committee from 1848 onwards ; select- 
man, 1852 and 1853; in 1861, president of Common Council; 
in 1866, Chairman of School Committee ; in 1867, Mayor of the 
City of Fall River. Dr. Fairbanks was a Representative in the 
Legislature six years, 1869 to 1873, and 1875. His last public 
service was in the Board of Overseers of the Poor, of which he 
was Clerk. Tlie poor found in him a friend, and cherished his 
memory with gratitude. He died March 11, 1884, survived by 
three sons and one daughter. 

In 1838 Mr. Levi Reed became master of the First Middle 
School, and held that position three years. He was of East 
Abington, the son of Samuel and Polly (Corthell) Read, born, 
as his sister informs me, "the last hour of the last day of the 
last week of the last month of the year 1814. " He was edu- 
cated in the public schools of East Abington and Phillips 
Academy, Andover. He began to teach in South Scituate, now 
Norwell, continued in North Abington and other places, com- 
pleting four years. After leaving Dedham he taught the Wash- 
ington School in Roxbury thirteen years, closing his labors there 
April 29, 1853, as we learn from an inscription on a silver 
pitcher presented to him on that occasion by the teachers and 
pupils of that school. He then engaged in the manufacture of 
shoes in company with his brother Samuel in East Abington. 


He was trial justice several years, and then justice of the peace; 
represented the town in the Legislature of 1859 ; was a member 
of the State Senate in 1860. 

He was elected State Auditor in 1861 and held that office, 
we think, as long as he could legally. The duties were arduous, 
and his health was so impaired by their performance that he 
never afterwards was able to engage in business. What strength 
he retained he devoted largely to tlie interests of soldiers and 
their families, and was regarded by them as a kind friend and 
benefactor. On the 250th anniversary of the incorporation of 
the town of Abington he was the president of the day, and in 
many other ways his townsmen paid him merited respect. His 
last years of feebleness and christian resignation came to a 
peaceful end October 18, 1869. 

Edwin S. Adams for two long winter terms, 1838-9 and 
1839-40, had charge of the school in West Dedham. Among 
his pupils we note Hon. Waldo Colburn, Reuben A. Guild, 
librarian of Brown University, and Dana P. Colburn, author of 

From Dec. 3, 1838, to March 8, 1839, Alexander Edwards 
taught in District No. 7, South Dedham. His school numbered 
thirty -five, and the average attendance was thirty-three. This 
fact and the perfect neatness of his register of pupils, varying 
in age from three to eighteen years, testify to his executive 
ability and success. 

{To he continued.) 


By Philip Adsit Fisher, 

of California. 

{Continued from page 52.) 

64. Samuel^, son of Jeremiah (37) and Prudence 
(Crosby) Fisher, was b. at Needhara, Feb. 4, 1738-9 ; m. 1st, 
Sept. 7, 1769, Lydia Mclntire; she d. and he m. 2dly, May 18, 


1786, Mehitable Tolmau, who was b. May 30, 1751, and d. at 
Needham, Jan. 30, 1846, aged 91. He d. Sept. 7, 1821, aged 
84. Their children were : — 

Luther', b. Jan. 13, 1770. 

Nabby', b. Dec. 24, 1772 ; m. Nathan Barber, of Medfield, 

Aug. 17, 1791. 
Mehitable" (by second wife), b. March 17, 1788 ; m. [ ] 

Blasland; d. July 31, 1876, aged 88. 
Lydia', b. March 7, 1790; d. Aug. 3, 1876, aged 86 ; unm. 
FANNY^b. March 31,1792; m. Nathan Dewing, Jr., Sept. 
20, 1812; d. at Spencer, Mass., June 24, 1887, aged 95. 

65. Jesse^, son of Jeremiah (37) and Prudence (Crosby) 
Fisher, was b. at Needham, Jan. 17, 1741-2 ; m. 1st, Oct. 31, 
1775, Lois Metcalf. He m. 2dly, Sept. 19, 1792, Jerusha Arms- 
by, of Medfield. They removed after the second marriage to 
Orrington, now Brewer, Me,, where he died June 30, 1816, aged 
74. His gravestone is in the cemetery at Brewer. He served 
at Dorchester Heights in January, 1776, in Aaron Guild's Com- 
pany under Col. Lemuel Robinson, as a private, and later as 
sergeant in Cushing's Regiment from Sept. 5 to Nov. 29, 1777, 
"marching to the Northward under Brigadier Gen. Warner as 
reinforcements to the Continental Army. " Their children 
were : — 

Polly', b. Feb. 22, 1776 ; m. Asa Howard, of Needham, 

March 28, 1805. 
Patty', b. Aug. 1, 1777 ; m. Samuel Cobb, in 1818, as his 

second wife. 
Sally", b. June 29, 1779 ; m. Amasa Howe, of Dedham, 

June 3, 1804; res. Brewer, Me., 1825-38. 
Jesse"^, b. Jan. 6, 1784. 

Ebenezer', b. ; Dec. 3, 1794, aged 10, 

Prudence', b. May 14, 178 — ; d. unm. ; lived in Brewer, 


66. Joseph", eldest son of Joseph (38) and Mary (Met- 
calf) Fisher, was b. at Dedham, May 17, 1739 ; m. Mary Everett, 
March 8, 1764. He res. at South Dedham, now Norwood, and 
at Natick from about 1780. Their children were : — 


Jesse^ b. Feb. 2, 1765. 

Joseph^ bapt. July 5, 1767. 

Chloe^ March 10, 1777 ; m. Joseph Richards, Sept. 3^ 

1789. [Morse's Richards Gen., p. 141.] 
102. Edward®, b. Natick, Feb. 18, 1781 ; m. Mary Norcross ; 

res. Sudbury. 

67. Ichabod", son of Joseph (38) and Mary (Metcalf) 
Fisher, was b. at Dedham, Sept. 22, 1747 ; m. Dec. 6, 1770, 
Sibyl, daughter of Benjamin (31) and Sarah (Everett) Fisher, 
who was b. at Dedham, Aug. 21, 1753. He bought land in 
Princeton in 1770, where he was taxed as late as 1805. A Rev- 
olutionary soldier. They were dismissed from the Princeton 
church, Oct. 14, 1810, to the Hanover Society, Paris, Oneida 
County, N. Y. Farther than this all efforts to ^trace them have 
been fruitless. Children, born at Princeton, were : — 

Ichabod®, b. Jan. 2, 1772. 

John®, b. Feb. 25, 1774; m. Sally Barber, Dec. 20, 1795. 

Submit®, b. March 27. 1776 ; d. Jan. 13, 1796. 

Sally®, b. Feb. 22, 1778. 

Lucy®, b. April 20, 1780. 

Jabez®, b. March 14, 1782; m. Sally Fessenden, March 7, 

Joel®, b. March 1 1, 1784 ; m. Lydia Mathies, Sept. 22, 1803. 
Anna®, b. March 12, 1786. 
Betsey®, b. Jan. 26, 1790; m. John Russell, of Hubbards- 

ton, Feb. 11, 1808. 
Asa®, b. June 22, 1796 ; d. Oct. 2, 1796. 

GS. Lieut. Jonathans eldest son of Jonathan (39) and 
Mary (Richards) Fisher, was b. at Dedham, Nov. 25, 1743 ; was 
dismissed to the Church in New Braintree, June 8, 1766 ; m. at 
Dedham, Oct. 22, 1766, Catherine, daughter of Deacon William 
and Bethiah (Metcalf) Avery, who was b. at Dedham, Oct. 31, 
1746, a sister of the Rev. Josiah Avery, Congregational minister 
at Holden, etc. They res. in New Braintree until 1773, when 
thej removed to that part of Northampton afterwards included 
in Westhampton. In 1776 he resigned his commission in the 
King's army, and was ''appointed Second Lieutenant of the fifth 


Company whereof Jonathan Wales is Captain, of the second 
Regiment of Militia in the County of Hampshire," April 8, 
1776. His original commission as such is in the possession of 
the widow and children of his grandson, Rev. James B. Fisher. 
Lieut. Jonathan d. of camp fever, March 10, 1777, at Morris- 
town, N. J. He left seven children, the oldest being but about 
nine years of age. Mrs. Fisher, soon after the death of her hus- 
band, being in straightened circumstances, removed with her 
family of little children to Dedham, and lived with her father. 
She died at the home of her son, Rev. Samuel Fisher, at Pater- 
son, N. J. Their children were : — 

Jonathan^, b. at New Braintree, Oct. 7, 17G8 ; m. Dolly 

Battle, of Dedham ; minister at Blue Hill, Me. 
SxEPHEN^b. March 17, 1770 ; m. Sally Cook, Feb. 18,1799. 
Catherine^, b. March 27, 1771 ; m. Seth Hewins, of Blue 

Hill, Me. ; d. Aug. 15, 1854. 
MARY^ b. Oct. 9, 1772; m. Job Howland, Nov. 29, 1792. 
REBECCA^ b. April 1, 1774; d. July 29, 1797. 
William^, b. at Westhampton, Nov. 20, 1775 ; m. Rhoda 

Bardwell, Oct. 25, 1807. 
Samuel^, b. at Sunderland, June 30, 1777 ; m. Alice 
Cogswell, Aug. 22, 1805. 

{To he continued.) 



A Muster Roll of the Company (from Dedham) under the com- 
mand of Cap^ William Ellis of Col. Heath's Regiment 1775. 

[" Trnv. Miles, " 36 ; amo id p mile, 3; "Trav. home," i day.l 

Men's names Rank Time of 


WilHam Ellis Capt 9 days 

Jon* Colborne L^ 5 days 

Joseph Ellis Serj 4 " 

Benj. Fairbanks Serj 8 " 

Eben Fisher Serj 9 " 

Eliph Baker Corp 4 '' 

Oliver Ellis " 2 '' 




. 5. 









. 0. 






1897.J MUSTER BOLLS. 89 

William Gay 




10. lOJ 

Tim« Baker 




7. 3. 

Tim« Smith 




17. 2 

David Smith 




12. 11. 

Abner Smith 




7. 3. 

Jon* Whiting 




17. 2. 

Eben Herring 




15. 9 

Ich^ Colburn 




17. 2. 

Simeon Colbon 




17. 2. 

Abel Richards 




11. G. 

John Richards 




17. 2. 

Seth Gay 




10. 1. 

Sam^ Baker 




11. 6. 

Ezra Gay 




5. 10. 

John Farrington 




11. 6. 

Nath Whiting 




11. 6. 

Fisher Whiting 




11. 6. 

Isaac Everet 




17. 2. 

Sam Pettee 




11. 6. 

Sam Gay 




7. 3. 

David Dean 




8. 8. 

Nat Baker 




7. 1. 

Jon* Onion 




4. 3. 

Isaac Cornecher 




12. 9. 

£ 20. 14. 1^ 
Errors Excepted W" Ellis. 
Middlesex ss. Decem 20 1775. The above named William Ellis 
made Solemn oath that the above Muster roll by him Subscribed is 
just & true in all its parts. 

Before me Moses Gill Jus peace thro, the prov. 
Exam'^ & compared with the original 

by E. Starkweather I 

Jonas Dix j 

In Council March 27"^ 1776. 

Read & allowed & there upon ordered that a warrant be drawn 
on the Treas^ tor ^20. 14. 1.V in full discharge of the within roll. 

Perez Morton, D. Secry. 
£Rev. Rolls, xii. 91, Mass Archives.] 

90 THE AMES DIARY. /-July 


By Edna Frances C alder. 

{Continued from page 56.) 

March, 1798. 

2 J. Walker caught on Warrant in Boston, gives Deed of all his 
property to Olive Smith. Finish*^ reading Abbe Millot's Elemen de 
I'Histoire de France — excellent ! 

3 Dr. Aspinwal come to pick up. 

5 Went in my sley all round Clapb" fine sleyine. 

6 Mrs. Richards went to Gay's & stays all M. 

8 Solomon King to 3 Writs & power 350 6*^ ins* promised pay 

11 Trees silvered with Ice & sudden S. wind batters my win- 
dows like Stones. 

12 Daniel Baker bro't home Window Blinds a 4 dols each. 

14 By favor of Mr. Ferol, I am delighted with perusing Sully's 
Mem. How used is the man that has an obstinate Wife to defeat & 
hurt all his undertakings twice to defeat her own purpose by burning 
chimney to ruin smoke Jack that saves her turning spit &c. 

28 An infamous Gallomania seiz'd the cocadoodle doo Gov^ 
31 The world and material things appear more & more Vanity 
and Vexation, loosing friends & finding the falsity of pretended ones 
(Sc malice of open Enemies make wish for better scene of existence — 
even in my own house I can find no such attachment as I hoped for 
in early life — those I most admire cannot return only by force. I 
wish not to exist by more sufferance but with affection of ye World ! 

1 Job Richards died. The raw Easterly Winds that now pre- 
vail seem worse to bear & more hurtful to Weak constitutions than 
severe cold Weather & seems to kill more old people. 

3 Towns in their primary assemblies of the sovreign people 
remonstrating to Congress against War with France ! While the 
British Junto are crowing against France, lying & deluding farmers. 
5 Mass. Fast. 
14 Four Medicasters close together, no business for either. 
16 Two Actions today. Thad. M. prov'd traitor to my prof. 
18 read 1st Vol. Mem^ Due de Rohan. 

18 Tho' not full of business, I want to think, but am constantly 

24 C. Pleas sit here & Sessions with much business. 

27 Ten Indictm^ by G. Jury & several appeals. Larceny. 

28 Court adjourn to 22 May. May never! hum! It is harder 
than I thought to find an object of benevolence to jump into affluence. 

Edw*^ Whiting's wife died. 


30 It is wonderful to see with what promptitude of heedless 
curiosity the Vulgar rush into the toils of a new adventurer, or Des- 
perado, come to spunge. 


1 Leisure to note wind & weather. 

2 I am forc'd into the Study of Law by S. L C. 

3 Gondola again attempted for Ch. river. 

M. H. still here in hostile state no attachment to fam. nor 
can make any, anyway. 

4 Major Whiting's house burnt yesterday. 
7 Thin town meeting. D^ Bullard repr^'. 

10 Adams's Fast to engage Powers above against the P'rench. 
12 Caulking Gondola large eno' to drive in Waggon. P*^ Jos 
How 4^ dol^ rec^ on Bugbee's Note. 

15 A. Draper as appr. began residence. 
19 Read 7 Vol. Sully before 6^^ ) 
2 Vol. Due de Rohan. ) 

25 Man printed 1 quire of orders, 3 of W. County Tax. 2 dols pd. 

26 History of the U. S. A. & American Annual Register, each 
by Calender a Scot. Republican, now gone to visit Steph. T. Mason 
at Leesburg, Virg. good & I wish to get the perusal. 

{To he continued.) 


The following items, relating to early manufacturing in 
Dedham and vicinity, are taken from a record kept by Mr. 
Kuhn. George K. Clarke. 

1831 Jany 1. Had some conversation with M''. W. Appleton at 
his house this evening relative to the Canton Establishment, having 
been out to view it with him and M^. B. C. Ward a few days ago — 
this establishment, the water rights being perfect is in my estimation 
worth $100,000. 

Monday 16 Jany. went to Dedham with Rich*^ A. Curd Esq., a 
severely cold day much snow on the ground, drifted & constantly 
blowing into the path. 

Feby Went to Newton Factories with M'' Barrows found them 
in bad order. The Compy have a contract with the Jackson Mang, 
Compy for whom they are making a quantity of Machy, which con- 
tract we fear will cause a considerable loss to the Elliot Co. The 

92 JOUMNAL OF [July, 

business of manufacturing Cotton Cloths, must give way to the ex- 
ecuting this contract it is believed to the prejudice of the Co.'s inter- 
est, besides which it is not thought by me that there will be a profit 
on the Machinery. 

23. Had a conversation with Mess. A. & A. Lawrence both of 
them respecting sending a person, perhaps M^ T. Searle to Ger- 
many to buy wool — and agreed to be one fourth interested with them. 
W. & S. L. & Stone & J. Clapp. 

Friday 25th. at Dedham (the only time this week) not a yard of 
Cloth unsold in Boston. M"^ Coney was at Lowell a few days ago, to 
examine the Wheels & banding. The wheels in use there are not 
such as our experience at Dedham allows us to approve. The form 
of bucket we do not think the best, & neither do we agree to the 
opinion established there, that the diameter of theawheel should be 
the same as the head & fall of the water, say a 5 feet wheel for a 5 
feet fall. Banding in our opinion is carried to the extreme. 

24:th. Bot of G. T. Hodges a lot of Wool which I suppose will 
amt. to 75000 lbs and cost about 60 cts. I presume the wool to be 
used at the Factory from 1 July 1831 to 30 June 1832 will average 65 
to 70 cts. Cloth probably will not be higher than at present. 

'2Q. at Dedham this week (twice) 

A reaching wheel Wing's patent was put into the Machine Shop 
a few days since say, on 19th. & is found to work very well. 

2 Apl. Had some conversation with M^ F. C. Head relative to 
taking & putting in operation the Factory establishment at Framing- 
ham owned principally by his father, (the Canton establishment 
having been disposed of last week at $130,000). Mess A. & A. L. 
are desirous of engaging w^ith me as I also am with them in the man- 
ufacture of negro Cloths «Sc think this a good place for the business 
«& that it would be much for the interest of M^. H. to make an ar- 
rangement with us, he continuing a proprietor, if he chooses, we pro- 
pose taking the establishment as he bought at $34000. he asks $40000. 

May 6. decided by present proprietors of Framingham estab- 
lishment to build & manufacture by themselves. 

May 17. Left Boston at 5 a. m. for N. York via Providence to 
attend a Convention of Manufacturers of Woollens. The boat was 
detained at anchor off Plumb Island during the night in consequence 
of fog. arrived at N. Y. Wednesday at 5 P. M. The Convention 
had met in the morning & organized choosing Judge Nathan Williams 

1897.] GEOBGE H. KVHN. 93 

of Utica Pres'. H. Shaw of Mass. ^ S. D. Hubbard of Con. Secre- 
taries, met with the Convention on Thursday. The objects of the 
Convention were stated & Committees appointed who reported at the 
meeting onJLriday, when the reports & resolutions after discussion 
were accepted & passed, the latter with some modifications. A 
Committee to call a meeting in October with a view to organize a 
National Society for the promotion of Manufacturers & Mechanics & 
Agricultural interests, another on frauds on the revenue & another 
on the establishment of a Paper devoted to the promotion of the 
American System in N. York. M^. S. N. Decker told us that his 
father was the first manufacturer of Cotton Cloth in the U. S. at 
Providence about 40 years ago. & that the business did not go on 
successfully. M"". D. father of Andrew the manufacturer would not 
render him any further aid in prosecuting it & he sold out to M"^. 
Slater now the richest manufacturer & most largely engaged of any 
person in the U. S. 

June had a conversation with M"". J. Newell respecting a water 
privilege in Dover & took from him an obligation to transfer it to T. 
Barrows by 15 July on receiving $32,500. 

June 24. Called upon J. N. Bird at Walpole to ask the price of 
the Bigelow privilege in Natick purchased by him in April for $10500. 
He agreed to call upon me to-morrow. Went with M"^ Barrows to see 
the place & found it a good privilege near a beautiful village it is 
worth 12 to 15000., the dam is in ruins — & there are no buildings of 
any value but a dwelling house — fall 8 feet, about 20 acres of Land. 
July 11th Commenced putting a dam in Ch^ River in Dedham 
near Needham bridge — with T. Barrows for our joint acct. with a 
view of bringing down the water from Newell's privilege & making a 
fall of 8 or 10 feet. 

Aug. went to Lowell to see about the purchase of a privilege 
on Concord River — privilege not good for want of sufficient water at 
all times. 

Sept. 8. Took the refusal for twenty days of M^. Newell's place 
in Dover — to examine the title, if satisfactory shall conclude the 

Sept. 9th. went with B. R. Nichols Esq, President of the Elliot 
Mang. Co. to Newton, thence in a boat with M^ Morefield, Clerk & 
Treasurer of the Company, up Charles River & down Mother brook 
as far as the bridge over the brook on the old road from Boston to 


Dedham — found the brook at its junction with the River 42 feet wide 
— water 8 feet deep in the centre & four near the bank — muddy 
bottom, soft, oar easily pushed in two feet. River at the junction — 
150 feet wide — 8 feet deep in several places, near the shore 20 feet 
off 6 feet & nearer 5 feet off 2 1-2 ft deep sticky bottom. Wind S. 
W. More current in brook than in the River. Little current in River. 

Nov. All out projects for engaging in the building & managing 
a new factory concern which have been contemplated during the 
present year have failed & been abandoned. By an attempt to place 
a dam in Charles River near the new bridge so called, a loss of per- 
haps $1500^ or $2000 (not yet ascertained )has been sustained. I am 
now satisfied with things as they are — & do not regret that our plans 
have not been accomplished, except that for the Framingham estab- 
lishment which we could have done well with. 

Nov. 1831. Flannel Factory at Framingham Sales for one year 
$109,168.73 for 8754 ps flannels av. 12.47 each— net profit $19,685.10. 
on 7S00 ps. 


By William R. Mann. 

{Continued fromi} age 59.) 

Samuel Harlow, son of Ebenezer and Maty, August 9, 1798. 
Ruth Gannett, dau. of Joseph and Abigail, March 17, 1798. 
Oliver Curtis, son of Olive and Elizabeth, November 12, 1791. 
Edward Curtis, son of Oliver and Elizabeth, July 27, 1795. 
Joseph Curtis, son of Oliver and Elizabeth, June 12, 1798. 
Cyrus Fisher, son of Elijah and Susanna, April 15, 1794. 
Ruthe Hewins, dau. of John and Ruth, September 22, 1784. 
John Hewins, son of John and Ruth, May 20, 1787. 
Rebecca Hewins, dau. of John and Ruth, August 31, 1793. 
John Adams Savels, son of John and Anna, July 4, 1798. 
Silence Manley, dau. of David and Silence, October 25, 1797. 
Mary Manley, dau. of David and Silence, February 4, 1799. 
Leonard Billings, son of Leonard and Lucy, July 11, 1793. 
Joel Billings, son of Leonard and Lucy, May 14, 1795. 
Chester Billings, son of Leonard and Lucy, April 11, 1797. 
Nancy Billings, dau, of Leonard and Lucy, June 2, 1799. 
Polly Gannett, dau. of Joseph and Abigail, January 2^, 1800. 
George Whitaker, son of Jonathan and Mary, January 11, 1800. 
Prisilla Tisdale, dau. of Ebenezer Jr. and Joanna, April 6, 1780. 
Joanna Tisdale, dau of Ebenezer Jr. and Joanna, June 9, 1782. 


Ruth Tisdale, dau of Ebenezer Jr. and Joanna, June 26, 1785. 
Luke Felch, son of Isaac and Rachel, May 27, 1789. 
Stephen Baker, son of John and Abigail, August 24. 1800. 
Fanny Reynolds, dau. of Benjamin and Hannah, April 15, 1795. 
Brewster Reynolds, son of Benjamin and Hannah, September 30, 1798. 
Hannah Jordan, dau. of Jacob and Hannah, Oct. 27, 1791. 
Polly Jordan, dau. of Jacob and Hannah, January 23, 1794. 
Chloe Billings, dau. of Elijah and Huldah, March 18, 1782. 

iTo he continued.) 


Mr. Greenwood, who was elected a Corresponding Member of the 
Dedham Historical Society on June 9, 1862, died in Needham, Mass., 
on June 7, 1897. He was born in Needham on June 20, 1825, and 
was son of Capt. Abijah and Charlotte ( Mcintosh) Greenwood. For 
forty years he was a prominent and highly respected citizen, holding 
many offices, including that of Representative to the General Court. 
The last sixteen years of his life he was the Town Clerk. Mr. Green- 
wood was well known as an accurate genealogist and local antiquary. 

The " Needham Recorder, " for June 12, had a notice of him, as 
did also the " Needham Chronicle " for June 19. The latter for 
June 12 had his portrait. It is expected that the next report 
issued by the Town of Needham will contain a sketch of Mr. Green- 
wood's life. G K. C. 


The territory included in the present town was once a part of 
original Dedham ; and this new and attractive volume thus has a 
special value to all interested in Dedham history. The author, Mr. 
Frank Smith, has shown great care in the preparation of this history, 
and deserves great credit for the excellence of his work. 


AsAHEL Smith. A question has been asked me whether the 
Asaell Smith, who had a wife Mary in Dedham in 1671, is the same 
Asahel of whom an account is in the April Register. It is evidently 
the same, as shown by the records: — 


1669, 2, 20. He is in Dorchester unmarried. 

1671, 12, 2. He goes back to Dedham. 

1671, May 1. Mary of Asaell & Mary Smith, born. 

1676, 10, 3. Mary Smith deceased. 

1681, 2, 12, Elizabeth of Asael & Elizabeth Smith, born. 

The Dedham records give no children of Asahel & Elizabeth 
Smith of the names of Mary and Joseph, but his will names Mary 
and Joseph, and in a way to indicate that they are older than the 
other children; this makes it clear that Mary, born 1671, was his 
child by a first wife who died 1676. 

No record has yet been found of his marriages. 

John E. Alden, Newton. 


Felch Family. — I am engaged on a history of the Felch family. 
I find in Hill's Dedham Church Records (1888), page 186,— '^ Sept. 
30, 1795, Abner Fairbanks and Miss Becca Felch, both of Dedham"; 
also, page 193, ''Mr. Abner Fairbanks died Aug. 23, 1803, aged 45," 
hence born 1748, which does not accord with page 157, — " Bapt. a 
child of John Fairbanks named Abner, Oct. 29, 1758, " or ten years 
later than the above Abner. Is he the same ? Again "Abner, son of 
Abner and Becca Fairbanks born March 7, 1796" ; and "Abner Fair- 
banks of Dedham, Mass,, and Deborah R. Belcher of Foxborough, 
March 28, 1819." Was he the only child of Abner and Becca? 
Where did Becca Felch come from ; what was her ancestry ; and who, 
if any, were her descendants beyond the son Abner ? 

I would also like to ask how long my great-uncle. Rev. Cheever 
Felch, lived and ministered in Dedham, and between what dates and 
in what capacity. He had a child bapt. there, Elizabeth Griswold 
(later Mrs. McCandliss, of Pittsburg), Sept. 17, 1820, and she was 
two months old at her baptism, so he must have come here between 
her birth and baptism. He was a chaplain in the U. S. Navy, prob- 
ably stationed at Charlestown, and was with McDonough on Lake 
Champlain, and probably with Decatur in Algiers. I am in search 
of a more complete record of his life for his grandson, Mr. E. W. 
Hale, Ass't U. S. Treasurer, N. Y. City. I would be glad to corre- 
spond with any descendants of Becca Felch, with a view to connect- 
ing her with the parent stem of the Felch family. 

W. Farrand Felch, Hartford, Conn., Box 149. 

Errata: 15th line, page 41, for " Huldah," read Hannah. 

14th line, page 24, for "Advertisement," read Advertiser. 

The Dedham Historical Register. 

Vol. VIII. October, 1897. No. 4. 


By Willard Harwood. 

^T^HE years that have intervened since Rev. John Wilson, 
-^ the first minister of Medfield, passed away are many, 
for it is now more than two centuries since the Rev. 
Joseph Baxter was called to take his place. The genera- 
tions that have come and gone since that time have left 
us little from which to form a picture of the family that 
was first to occupy the house which Mr. Baxter built in 
1696-7. When the house was taken down in 1891, nearly two 
hundred years later, there was much that was yet sound and 
strong, showing that the original house, which was the 
front part, 46 by 20 feet, with a sharp roof, was well built 
of the best materials and finished with skill and taste. 

Any papers Mr. Baxter may have left, giving the earlier 
history of his family, have long since gone beyond our 
reach. We have a few lines copied from his private diary, 
a half century or more ago, in the hands of Dr. John 
Mason, son of Rev. William Mason of Bangor. In the 
Church Records, which he began in 1697, and kept until 
1744, on page 9 of the old book, there is a note by Dr.. 
Daniel Clarke Sanders, saying that the book was discov- 
ered in the possession of Rev. Thomas Mason, of North- 
field, and obtained by him (Dr. Sanders) in October, 1822.. 

Read before Uie Medfield Historical Society, April 5, 1S97, on the two 
hundretli anniversary of the settlement of Mr. Baxter. 




Rev. William Mason, of Bangor, Maine, and Rev. Thomas 
Mason, of Northfielcl, were brothers, and sons of Thomas 
and Mary (Baxter) Mason, of Medfield, mentioned on 
page 102. 

Rev. Joseph Baxter was born in that part of Braintree 
now Quincy, June 4, 1676, and was baptized a week later 
by Rev. Moses Fisk. Of his early days we only know 
that he was bright and a good scholar. He entered Harvard 



College, Sept. 20, 1689, and graduated in a class of fifteen, 
at that time the largest graduating class. He took his 
first degree July 5, 1693, his second, July i, 1696; and was 
received into full communion with the Church of Christ, 
Braintree, March 4, 1693-4. On the i ith of November, 1694, 
he preached his first sermon in Braintree, and, two weeks 
later, he preached in Medfield for the first time. He was 
called to settle here, April 26, 1695, and came to live in 
Medfield, January 14, 1695-6. When he was ordained, 
April 21, 1697, he was less than twenty-one years of age. 
On September 16, 1697, he married Mary, born August 
25, 1673, eldest daughter of Rev. Moses and Sarah 
(Symmes) Fisk, of Braintree. To this noble woman much 
credit is due for Mr. Baxter's success; for, as she was three 
years older than he, herself the oldest of fourteen children, 
and had lost her mother five years before, she had already 
had quite an experience in the care of house and family. 
Mrs. Baxter s father was the son of Rev. John Fisk, the 
first minister of Wenham and Chelmsford. Her mother 
was Sarah, daughter of Captain William Symmes, of 
Charlestown. They were married on September 9, 1671, 
and, a few days later, were sent to Braintree by the Court. 
(See History of Braintree, page 204.) Mr. Fisk first 
preached there on December 3, and was ordained on 
September 11, 1672. He continued to preach there until 
his death, in 1708. 

The estate which Mr. Baxter improved, and upon 
which he built, was originally granted to John Bullard, 
who was accidentally killed in 1678 "by the overthrowing of 
a cart." It was mortgaged, March 31, 1696, by Joseph 
Bullard, Sr., a son of the original proprietor, to Jonathan 
Boyden, to secure a debt of twenty pounds in silver money, 
due in one year, and is described as follows: "All my 
home lot lying on both sides of the way being ten acres 
more or less, abutting upon John Plimpton towards the 
south west, and upon land granted to John Ellis towards 


the north east, and upon land of David Hartshorn south 
east, and upon common land north west,a highway crossing 
the same, two rods and a half wide,near the northwest end." 

On a part of the estate, from 1763 to 1793, were potash 
works, carried on by a sort of joint stock company, 
John Baxter, Eliakim Morse, Samuel West, Luther Gary 
and Abner Ellis,owners, 1790. A part of the estate has never 
been sold outright since, it having continued in the family 
more than 200 years. A part was sold by John Baxter, 
Esq., to Elias Hasket Derby, about 1820. Derby conveyed 
it to Amos A. Tillinghast, Oct. 9, 1825. Tillinghast sold 
it to Nathaniel Fairbanks, April i, 1844; Fairbanks, to 
our late neighbor and friend, Joseph W. Page, in 1863, 
and, in 1892, this part was again joined to the property 
from which it had been sold. Quite a part of the house lot, 
as well as of the field opposite, was taken by the railroad, 
which, enteringat the northern corner, and thence running 
southeast to the middle of the field south of the main 
street, divided the southeast part of the estate about 

On the day of the Baxter-Fisk wedding, in Braintree, 
Judge Sewall came to Medfield, and we copy from his 
diary, under date of Sept. 16, 1697. 

Sept/ 16. .. Go by Wrentham ; visit Mr. Mann, who hath 11. 
children. From thence to Medfield, Lodge at Capt. Barbers visit 
Mrs. Wilson in the even ; give her 4p^ | [pieces of eight, Spanish 

Sept^ 17. I view Mr. Baxter's House and the Orchard Capt Frary 
hath given to the Ministry, which lies very convenient ; A long Brook 
runing by it ; and throw Mr. Baxters. 

1. Gregory Baxter, father of Lieut. John, and grand- 
father of the Rev. Joseph, must have come to New Eng- 
land about the time of Winthrop's party, for he was made 
a freeman in Roxbury, March 6, 1631. He belonged to the 
church there, and is mentioned by Eliot as one of the early 
members. He married a sister of William Paddy, whose 
name appears many times in the early records. 

1897.] JOSEPH AND 3rABY BAXTER, 101 

2. Lieut. John Baxter must have been born before 
his father sold out in Roxbury in 1639. He married 
Hannah, daughter of Thomas White of Weymouth, and 
settled near his father in Braintree(now in Quincy). There 
he died April 19, 17 19, leaving quite a landed estate and 
some money. His will, dated March 24, 17 18, gives Joseph 
one bed and ^60 in money, with ^20 more after the death 
of his wife, "if she does not spend it." After providing 
for his wife, (Joseph's mother, who died Feb. 29, 1723) he 
gives most of his estate to the older sons, John and 
Samuel. He mentions his daughter. Widow Hannah 
Morse, also children of his daughter Dyer, to whom he 
gives ^160. 

3. Rev. Joseph Baxter, born June 4, 1676, married 
Mary Fiske, mentioned above. Children : — 

Joseph, b. Feb. 11 ; 1699, d. Feb. 29. 

Mary, b. Feb. 16, 1700-1 ; m. April 14, 1720, Rev. John 
Gardner of Stow; was living in 1746, when she and her 
husband deeded their interest in the Medfield estate 
to her brother John. 

Sarah, b. Aug. 23, 1702 ; m. March 1, 1722, Capt. Thos. 
Buckminster, b. 1699, on Danforth's farm in Framing- 
ham ; moved to] Brookfield, and in August, 1748, he 
was in charge of the Brookfield men in the French and 
Indian War. She d. July, 1745, leaving several children : 
Hannah, m. William Fisk of Brookfield ; grand-daughter 
Mary Buckminster Fiske ni. Francis T. Merrick; 
great grand-daughter, m. D. Waldo Lincoln, at one 
time Mayor of Worcester, and later President of the 
Boston «Sc Albany Railroad. 

Hannah, b. July 15, 1704 ; m. May 9, 1723, Rev. Oliver 
Peabody ; settled in Natick. 

Joseph, b. May 14, 1706 ; graduated at Harvard College, 
1724; educated as a physician ; d. of small pox, Dec. 
1732, in Dublin. 
4. John, b. May 2, 1708. 

Thomas, b. Feb. 18, 1710 ; m. Aug. 18, 1730, Susanna 
Lyman, of Boston ; d. Jan. 27, 1750. 


4. Capt. John Baxter, b. May 2, 1708; m. October, 
1732, Rebecca Fisher, b. 1713, dau of John and Rebecca 
(Wheelock) Fisher, and grand-daughter of Ralph Wheel- 
ock ; settled on the home place, and after the death of 
his father, bought out the other heirs. Children : — 
Joseph, b. Feb. 5, 1733 ; d. Feb. 6, 1813. 
Nathan, b. Nov. 27, 1735; d. Dec. 21. 
Mary, b. April 15, 1737 ; m. Thomas Mason in 17 Go, and 

settled in Princeton, 
Richard, b. March 3, 1739 ; d. Jan. 81, 181 G. 
Moses, b. Nov. 11, 1742 ; d. Aug. 5, 1821. 
John, b. Oct. 8, 1746 ; m. in 1774, Silence, widow of Rev. 
Daniel Adams, of Watertown; d. March 5, 1832. She had 
two sons by her first husband, the younger, Daniel, b. 
in 1779, after his father's death ; m. Harriet Read, b. 
1794 in Claremont, N. H., a grand-daughter of Thomas 
Mason and Mary Baxter. Squire John and Silence 
had only one child, Sarah, b. Oct. 20, 1785; m. in 1807, 
Nathaniel Bosworth, who d. in 1846. Children of Nath- 
aniel and Sarah: John B., b. 1807, d. 1842, m. Mary 
Slocomb, of Wrentham, children, — James, Kate, John 
and Mary; Sarah, b. 1810, d. Nov. 28, 1880; Mary, 
b. 1812, d. Jan. 8, 1844, m. 1841, Charles Hamant, b. 
1812, only child,— Mary Baxter, b. May 23, 1843, d. 
July 31, 1891, m. April 30, 1863, mentioned below; 
Nathaniel, b. 1815, d. 1847 (.?), m. 1831), Liddia Hat- 
field, only child,— Mary, b. 1840. 
From the days when Mary Baxter, wife of Rev. Joseph 
Baxter, lived here, until now, there has been one or more 
to bear her name. Of the three that were here when we 
were married April 30, 1863, Mary Baxter (Adams) Fowle, 
Mary Baxter Adams Wight, and my late wife, Mary Bax- 
ter (Hamant) Harwood, only one remains, and while I 
am unable to find that Mrs. Dunn^ is a lineal descendant, 
like the other two, she is an honor to the name, and her 
noble work (teaching) will long be remembered by the 
pupils of the Centre School. 

1 Mary B. A. (Wight), wife of Mr. Henry Dunn, postmaster at Medlield. 





Now, is it strange that my wife should have asked me, 
more than twenty years ago, to come and build upon her 
old home, where she, and so many generations before 
her, were born, and to erect a house as good for the time 
as the old one was for its time ? Is it strange that she 
should, in her last will, give a part of what came to her 
from the Baxter estate to erect a monument over the site 
of the old Baxter tomb, which had received the mortal 
remains of so many of the Baxters and their descendants? 
Was it not fitting that we should go to the same part of 
Braintree (Quincy) for the granite blocks of which the 
memorial is made ? But the best of all are the living mon- 
uments ; and while the shaft, like this paper or history, is 
incomplete, I must leave it for my children's children 
(one of whom bears the name of Baxter) to search out 
the facts, and to help to fill out the record. 

As for the record of Rev. Joseph Baxter, after he came 
to Medfield, it has been many times written. The memor- 
ial sermons of Dr. Daniel Clark Sanders, Rev. William W. 
Hayward, our late pastor, and others, as well as the 
various addresses at the dedications of your public build- 
ings, make more or less mention of his work; and your 
old Church Records are good evidence of his long and 
faithful life. 

The Rev. Joseph Baxter married, as his second 
wife, Mrs. Rebecca Saffin, widow of John Saffin, Esq., of 
Boston, on June 26, 17 12. She was the eldest daughter 
of Rev. Samuel Lee, who was born in London, 1623, and 
was in college at Oxford, where he was a Proctor, 1650-1. 
He settled at Bristol, R. L, in March 1686, but sailed for 
England in 1691, and was taken by a French privateer to 
St. Malos, where he died. Her sister, Lydia, married John 
George*, who was guardian and trustee for Mrs. Saffin, at 
the time she married Mr. Baxter. After Mr. George s 
death, Lydia married Cotton Mather (Sewall I, 149-150). 
Another sister married Henry Wyrley, of Bristol. We 


have the marriage contract of Mr. Baxter with Mrs. 
Saffin, dated at Boston, June 26, 171 2, drawn in good form 
and beautifully written. She died December 4, 1713. 

Mr. Baxter was married a third time February 21, 
17 1 5-16 to Mrs. Mercy Bridgman, who was a faithful 
companion during the remaining thirty years of his life. 

In review, some may say that ample means, with good 
judgment, will enable one to build a good house any- 
where ; and Mr. Baxter must have had both. Others may 
say that then, as now, it was education that poured light 
into the understanding, and laid up its golden treasures 
in the memory ; that it is to education that the w^orld is 
indebted for a thousand comforts and elegancies of civil- 
ized life, as well as for almost every art, discovery and in- 
vention ; that there were then already a college and some 
schools in the land that were doing even more to civilize 
the Puritans than their bible, that Mr. Baxter had both 
education and bibles ; and that it was no wonder that the 
whites got the land of " King Noannet." But, with all due 
respect for literary institutions, which are our safeguard 
for the future, you must agree w^ith me that it is the love 
of mother, the true regard for family and friends that 
checks the waywardness of passion and appetite ; that it 
is the influence of home which trains the youth to habits 
of industry, truthfulness, temperance and benevolence. 
To these qualities in the early Baxter home we meet to- 
night, to do reverence and to give the credit, not alone to 
Mr. Baxter, but to his noble wives. 


By Howard Redwood Guild. 

Mary Fairbanks was born about the year 1620, in 
England. Her father was Jonathan Fairbanks, of Ded- 
ham, one of the first settlers here, and quite a prominent 





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1897. j OF DEDUAM. 105 

man. He appears at Boston in 1633, and three years 
afterward at Dedham. He is reported to have come to 
New England from Sowerby, in the Vicarage of Halifax, 
Yorkshire, England, and to have had for his wife Grace 
Lee. The only source of her maiden name, which I have 
discovered, is the History of Ashburnham (page 693), 
Mass. He died December 5, 1668, at Dedham, and his 
will, dated June 4, 1668, proved March 26, 1669, in the 
Suffolk Registry, mentions, among others, wife Grace, 
and daughter Mary, wife of Christopher Smith. Inven- 
tory, Suffolk, 5.1 12, December 16, 1668, son John made 
oath. The widow, Grace, died either in 1673 or 1676, at 
Dedham. Mary Fairbanks married, April 2, 1644, at Ded- 
ham, Michael Metcalfe {Michael,'^ Leonard})^ born August 
29, 1620, at Norwich, England, died March 25, 1654, at 
Dedham. After his death she re-married, August 2, 1654, 
at Dedham, Christopher Smith, of Dedham, born [ ], 
died November 7, 1676, at Dedham. That this is a cor- 
rect solution to this hitherto vexatious problem is shown 
by her will, Suffolk Registry, 6.464, May 30, 1684, Mary 
Smith, of Dedham, relict of Christopher Smith, deceased; 
mentions her sons, John Smith, Jonathan Metcalf, 
Eleazer Metcalf, daughter Sarah, wife of Robert Ware, 
daughter Hannah Metcalf, Melatiah Metcalf, daughter 
Mary Ware's two sons, John and Eleazer, my brother, 
John Fairbanks, money left by my father, etc.; Inventory 
taken July 11, 1684. She was appointed administratrix 
of her husband, Christopher Smith, deceased, of Ded- 
ham, December 13, 1676, Suffolk Probate, 12. 13, and 
Deeds 2.55. Her children, recorded at Dedham, were : — 

Michael Metcalf, b. Jan. 21, 1G44-5. 
Mary Metcalf, b. Aug. 15, 164G. 
Sary Metcalf, b. Dec. 7, 1648. 
Jonathan Metcalf, b. Sept. 21, 1650. 
Eliazer Metcalf, b. March 2, 1653. 
John Smith, b. Nov. 19, 1655. 



Dedham and Walpole, Mass., Wixthrop and 
Phillips, Maine. 

By Archie Lee Talbot, Lewiston, Maine. 

1. Daniel Robbins, the first of the Robbins name to settle 
in Winthrop, Maine, was born in Dedham, August 17, 1722, in 
that part of the town that, two years h\ter, was set off and 
became Walpole. He was a son of William Robbins, Jr., who 
was born in Reading, Mass., in 1681, who died in Walpole, 
January 7, 1769, and his wife, Hannah (Clap), born March 
28, 1679, and died May 10, 1761, whom he married in 1703 : 
and was a grandson of William Robbins, and his wife, Priscilla, 
daughter of Robert and Elizabeth (Brock) Gowing, whom he 
married in January, 1680, who were of Scotch ancestry. She 
died in Walpole, March 5, 1745 ; and was probably born in 
Reading. The ancestry or birthplace of William Robbins has 
not yet been ascertained. He died in Walpole, August 18, 
1725. The first record of him is that he, with others from 
Reading, and those from other towns in the eastern part of 
Massachusetts Ba}* Colon}^, took part in the movement against 
the treacherous Nipmuck Indians, in the vicinity of what is 
now Webster, Mass., and the Lakes near the line of Con- 
necticut and Rhode Island, in King Philips War. The partici- 
pants were, by the General Court, given a township or tract 
of land eight miles square. He was included in this land 
grant, as appears in a history of Reading, and records in the 
Archives of Massachusetts. He located at " Lyn-end," now 
Lynn field, and subsequently removed to Dedham, in the " Mill 
Divident," which later became Walpole. 

Daniel Robbins married May 1, 1751, Miss Mary Fisher, 
born in Dedham, August 29, 1731, daughter of Capt. Eleazer 
and Mary (Penniman) Fisher,^ of Dedham. Her father, Capt. 

^ Capt. Eleazer^ Fisher was born in Dedham, Mass., September 29, 1699. 
He joined the Dedham Church February 21, 1725, and was dismissed June 26, 


Eleazer Fisher, served with rank of Captain^ in the Louisburg 
Expedition, remaining there sixteen months, and died in Boston 
soon after his return from Cape Breton. 

Daniel Robbins was a resident of Walpole at the time of his 
marriage with Mary Fisher of Dedhara. After marriage they 
resided in A\^alpole about thirty years, and their ten children 
were all born there. He came to Maine before the close of the 
Revolutionary War, and bought of Timothy Foster, the first 
settler in Winthrop, 200 acres of land described as '* Settlers Lot 

1736, to the South Parish Church (now in Norwood), of which lie was one of the 
founders. He was Selectman 1742 for two years. He was a captain in the 
Louisburg Expedition, remaining there sixteen months. "Died soon after his 
return from Cape Breton, and was buried in Boston, where he died" November 
4, 1745. His wife, Marj', daughter of Moses and Mary Penniman, whom he 
married November 19, 1724, was born in Braintree, June 20, 1699, and died in 
Dedham, March 13, 1758. He was a son of Eleazer"* Fisher, born September 18, 
1669, who died in Dedham, February 6, 1722, and his wife, Mary, daughter of 
William and Mary (Lane) Avery, who was born in Dedham, August 21, 1674, 
and died at Stoughton, March 25, 1749, whom he married October 13, 1698 ; he 
was the son of Anthony' Fisher, who came with his parents to New England and 
settled in Dedham, 1637, and his wife, Joanna, only daughter of Thomas and 
Joanna Faxon, of Braintree, whom he married September 7, 1647. He was 
made a freeman M ay 6, 1643 ; was a member of the Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company in 1644, and joined the Dedham Church July 22, 1645. Died 
in Dorchester, Mass., February 13, 1670. His widow, Joanna, died Oct. 16, 
1694. He, the son of Anthony^ Fisher, who was baptized April 23, 1591, in 
Syleham, England, and his first wife, Mary, who came with their children to 
New England, in the ship "Rose," June 26, 1637. She joined the Dedham 
Church March 27, 1642, but he was not "comfortably received into ye Church" 
until March 14, 1645. He was made a freeman in May, 1645; died in Dorches- 
ter, April 18, 1671, in his 80th year. He, the son of Anthony^ Fisher, who 
lived at " Wignotte," in the Parish of Syleham, County of Suffolk, England, 
on the south bank of the Wavenay Kiver, which separates that County from 
Norfolk. He married Mary, daughter of William and Anne Fiske, of St. James 
South Elmsham, County of Suffolk. His remains were buried at Syleham, 
April 11, 1640. — From the History of the Fisher Family, Register, Oct. 1892, 
April and July, 1893. 

1 There appear to have been nine regiments of colonial troops from Mass- 
achusetts in the Louisburg Expedition. Many changes and promotions were 
made at Cape Breton. The muster and pay rolls were sent to England to ad- 
just accounts for the payment of soldiers and never returned. So far as known, 
the original rolls that are preserved are in the British War Office. Search in 
England for information as to the company and regiment of Capt. Eleazer 
Fisher has not yet been made. 


No. 246," situated near what is known in Winthrop as the 
"Narrows Lake," deed of conveyance dated June 19, 1782. On 
this farm he resided until his death in Winthrop, Marcli 
4, 1804, at the age of ahnost 82 years. She died in Winthrop, 
February 25, 1805, in her 74th year. Children, all born 

in Walpole : — 

Mary, b, [ ] 1752 ; m. Benjamin Fisher, a soldier 

of the Revolution, who died at Ticonderoga, the last of 
August, 1776. About 500 soldiers died with camp 
fever about this time. 
Hannah, b. Dec. 15, 1754 ; m. Peter Lyon. 

2. Daniel, Jr., b. Feb. 27, 1757. 

3. Asa, b. May 5, 1759. 

AzuBAH, b. April 7, 1761 ; m. Daniel Morse, Jr. 
Abigail, b. Jan. 10, 1764; m. Ebenezer Fisher. 
Keziah, b. March 30, 1766 ; m. David Man tor. 
Mehitable, b. Nov. 19, 1768 ; m. Ebenezer King. 
Deborah, b. 1769 ; died in infancy. 

4. Eleazer, b. July 16, 1771. 

2. Daniel* ROBBINS, Jr. (DaiiieP, William-, Jr., William^') 
was born in Walpole, February 27, 1757. He was a soldier in 
the War of the American Revolution ; enlisted July 17, 1776, 
for five months, in Cape. Samuel Cowan's Company, Col. Sam- 
uel Brewer's First Regiment of Massachusetts troops, at Ticon- 
deroga. New York, under (reneral Schuyler. He enlisted May 
3, 1777, in Capt. Fisher's company, of Wrentham, Mass., in 
Col. Titcomb's Regiment, and served two months and four days 
in Rhode Island. He enlisted from the Massachusetts Militia 
to replenish the Continental Army for nine months from 
arrival, in compliance with resolve of the General Court, passed 
April 20, 1778. He arrived in Fishkill, N. Y., June 14, 1778, 
and served in Capt. Brewer's Company, in the 12th Massachu- 
setts Regiment, commanded by Col. Brewer. In a descriptive 
list of men of Suffolk County from Capt. Oliver Clapp's Com- 
pany, Col. Benjamin Hawes' Regiment of Militia, to re-enforce 
the Continental troops, his name appears as '' Daniel Robbins, 
Walpole, age 21, statue 5-8." He married Miss Mary Clark, 


daughter of Daniel and Sarah Clark, of Dedham. She probably 
died in Walpole, before he came to Maine. 

About 1788 he removed from Walpole to Winthrop, Me., 
and bought of Benjamin Porter 112 acres of land, deed dated 
July 1, 1788. After coming to Maine he united with the 
Society of Friends, continuing in that faith to the end. He 
received a pension for his services in the War of the Revolution, 
commencing from his application, April 4, 1818, and continuing 
until his death in Winthrop, " 4mo. 27, 1823," at the age of Q6 
years. Children, born in Walpole : — 

5. Aquilla, b. Nov. 2, 1784. 

6. Clark, b. April 9, 1786. 

A record in family Bible states that Daniel Robbins, Jr., 
married, 2dly, " L. Guile." She died leaving no children. 

He married, 3dly, in 1791, Miss Eunice Wadsworth, born 
May 10, 1776, a daughter of John and Jerusha (White) Wads- 
worth. She died November 8, 1847, in her 72d year. Children, 
born in Winthrop, Maine : — 

Jerusha, b. July 18, 1792; m. June 24, 1812, Robert 

Goddard of Sidney, Me. 
Hannah, b. Feb. 6, 1795 ; m. Sept. 28, 1814, Ezekiel 

Bailey, of Winthrop. 
Mary, b. Nov. 7, 1797; m. Feb. 24, 1830, Ezekiel Bailey, 

of Winthrop. 
Deborah, b. Oct. 2, 1803; m. Oct. 1, 1823, Sands Wing, 
of Leeds, Me. Settled in Manchester, Me. She is now 
living, at the age of 93 years, and very clearly remem- 
bers hearing her father and her uncle Asa tell their 
army experiences, especially about the terrible scourge 
of camp fever, in General Schuyler's Army, at Ticon- 
Hannah, wife of Ezekiel Bailey, died July 28, 1828, and in 
1830 he married her sister, Mary. Ezekiel Bailey was the- 
founder of the Oil Cloth Manufactory in Winthrop. 

3. AsA^ ROBBINS (^B(mieP, William'^, Jr., William^} was 
born in Walpole, May 5, 1759. He was a soldier in the War 
of the American Revolution ; enlisted Jul} 17, 1776, for five- 


months, in Capt. Samuel Cowan's Company, Col. Samuel 
Brewer's First Regiment of Massachusetts Troops, at Ticonder- 
oga, under General Schuyler. He was in Capt. Joseph Lovell's 
Independent Company, of Medwa}', Mass., and served 22 days 
in December, 1776, at Warwick, R. I., and was in Capt. Oliver 
Clapp's Company, Col. Benjamin Hawes' Regiment, in the ex- 
pedition to Rhode Island, from September 22, to October 28, 
1777. He enlisted from the Massachusetts Militia, to replenish 
the Continental Army, for nine months from arrival, in compli- 
ance with resolve of the General Court, passed April 20, 1778. 
He arrived at Fishkill, June 14, 1778, and served with rank of 
Corporal in Capt. Brewer's Company, in the 12th Massachusetts 
Regiment, commanded by Col. Brewer, in Washington's army. 
In a descriptive list of men from Capt. Oliver Clapp's Company, 
Col. Benjamin Hawes' Regiment of Militia to re-enforce the 
Continental Troops, his name appears as '' Asa Robbins, Wal- 
pole, age 19, statue, 5-10." He was married in Dedham, by 
Rev. Jabez Chickering, September 11, 1788, to Miss Olive Chxrk, 
born July 30, 1762, daughter of Daniel and Sarah Clark, of 
Dedham. Settled in Winthrop, Maine, and bought 100 acres of 
land of his father, the same being a part of " Settler's Lot No. 
246," deed dated May 20, 1789. The earliest mention of Asa 
Robbins in the Winthrop records is in March, 1788, when he 
was chosen on School Committee of the First School District, 
and also Collector of the district. In 1790 he was chosen Asses- 
sor, and School District Collector, and in 1792 was again elected 
School Committee and Collector. In 1811 he was one of the 
incorporators of the Methodist Society in Winthrop. He 
received a pension for his services in the War of the American 
Revolution, from the date of his application, April 4, 1818, until 
his death in Winthrop, November 30, 1840, aged nearly 82 
years. She died in Winthrop, September 27, 1827, aged 65 
years. The farm on which the}^ lived is on the hill near the 
"Narrows," and has never passed from the Robbins name, being 
owned and occupied by his descendants in the fourth generation, 
and is now known as the "Robbinsdale Farm." Children, born 
in Winthrop : — 


7. Benjamin, b. Aug. 2, 1789. 

8. Asa, Jr., b. July 28, 1791. 

9. Oliver, b. April 11, 1793. 

Cyrus, b. Nov. 20, 1796 ; m. Orpha Packard. He died 
in Winthrop, Dec. 23, 1820, leaving no children. 
Olive, b. Aug. 2, 1800; m. William Huse. Settled in 
Houlton, Me. 
The four sons of Asa Robbins were all soldiers in the War 
of 1812. 

4. Eleazer'^ Robbins (^DanieP, WUliayn^^ Jr.^ Williain^) 
was born in Walpole July 16, 1771. He came to Winthrop 
from Walpole, with his parents. He was the youngest child, 
and although quite young, he vividly remembered the event to 
his latest years. It was before the close of the War of the Rev- 
olution, and he often told his children about the British firing at 
the ship as they were leaving the harbor to come from Massachu- 
setts to Maine. He lived on the home farm at the " Narrows," 
and continued to reside there until about eight years after the 
decease of his father and mother. He married, December 15, 
1796, Miss Mehitable Ladd, born in Deerfield, N. H., July 10, 
1771, daughter of Daniel and Susannah (Dow) Ladd. He was 
one of the incorporators of the Methodist Society of Winthrop, 
in 1811. In company with Amos D. King, he bought " a part of 
lot No. 7 in the first Range lying on the north side of Sandy 
River, together with three-quarters of a Grist Mill and three- 
quarters of a Saw Mill and previlege in Phillips, Me." Deed 
dated March 24, 1812 ; and in 1815 he purchased the interest 
of said Amos D. King. About 1816 he removed with his family 
to Phillips, ever after making that town his home. He was one 
of the Selectmen in 1817, and w^as probably the first of the 
Robbins family to remove from Winthrop to Phillips. He died 
in Phillips, January 28, 1859, aged nearly 88 years. She died 
in Phillips, February 13, 1856, in her 85th year. Children, 
born in Winthrop : — 

Mary, b. Oct. 14, 1797; m. March 10, 1816, Charles 

Sylvester, of Avon, Maine. 
Betsey, b. April 30, 1799; m. 1st, Dec. 1, 1832, John 

112 liOBBmS FAMILY, [Oct. 

Macomber, of Wilton, Me.; m. 2dly, March 2, 1858, 
Elisha Clark of Wilton. 

10. Oren, b. March 6, 1801. 

Susanna, b. Jan. 16, 1803; m. 1828, Rev. Hubbard 

Chandler, of Wilton. 
Nancy, b. Feb. 4, 1805 ; m. Oct. 18, 1836, Andrew Bonney. 

11. Daniel, b. Jan. 21, 1807. 

Elmina, b. Aug. 15, 1810; m. April 25, 1837, Warren 

Lusanna, b. Feb. 4, 1813; m. July 8, 1835, Columbus 


5. Aquilla^ Robbins {Daniel^ Jr., DaiiieP, William^, Jr., 
William i) was born in Walpole, November 2, 1784. He re- 
moved from Winthrop to Phillips, date uncertain. Late in life 
returned to Winthrop; was a member of the Society of Friends, 
and esteemed by all. He married,Nov. 25,1810,Miss Sarah Bailey, 
born in Leeds, Maine, March 11, 1788, daughter of Jacob and 
Sarah (Barry) Bailey, of Leeds. He died in Winthrop, Aug. 
26, 1864, aged nearly 80 years. She died in Phillips, in 1848, 
aged 60 years. Children : — 

Daniel Clark, b. in Litchfield, Me., July 31, 1812. Un- 
married. Lost in Lake Michigan, March 1, 1846. 

12. Jacob Bailey, b. in Litchfield, Jan. 16, 1814. 
Cyrus, b. in Phillips, March 13, 1822. Unmarried. 
BenjamixN, b. in Phillips, Jan. 29, 1824; d. Sept. 8, 1826. 
Hannah Shaw, b. in Phillips, April 15, 1826 ; m. Stephen 

Kempton, of Phillips. 
Levi, b. in Phillips. Unmarried. 

6. Clark^ Robbins (^Baniel\ Jr., Ba/iieP, William^, Jr.y 
William^') was born in Walpole, April 9, 1786. He settled in 

Sidney, Maine, and was an esteemed member of the Society of 
Friends. He married Elthea Hammond, of Sidney ; died Jan- 
uary 27, 1852, aged 65 years. She died in Sidney, October 17, 
1862. No record of her birth or age at death. Children, born 

in Sidne}^ : — 

Hannah, b. Oct. 7, 1809 ; m. Silas Case. 

Mercy Clark, b, July 6, 1712; m. Greenleaf Burgess. 

Eveline, b. Nov. 1, 1814; unmarried. 


Oliver Clark, b. Oct. 11, 1817; m. Mary Weeks. 
Asa, b. Oct. 11, 1820; m. Sophia Savage. 
Daniel Henry, b, Aug. 27, 1822; m. Deborah Mason. 
Peleg Wadsworth, b. Oct. 5, 1826; d. Dec. 12, 1829. 

7. Benjamin^ Robbins (Asa\ DanieP, Williain^, Jr., Wil- 
liamF) was born in Winthrop, August 2, 1789. He served in 
Capt. Asa Fairbank's Company, of Winthrop, in Col. John 
Stone's Regiment of Militia, stationed at Wiscasset, in the 
War of 1812-14. He married, June 22, 1817, Sibbyl Foster, 
born in Winthrop, July 21, 1791, daughter of Steuart and 
Jerusha (Wadsworth) Foster, of Winthrop. After the war of 
1812 he settled in Phillips, and was one of the Selectmen in 
that town in 1817. He returned to Winthrop later, and lived 
on the homestead, the '' Robbinsdale Farm." The names of Ben- 
jamin Robbins and his wife appear in a list of members of the 
Universalist Church, in Winthrop. He died in Winthrop, No- 
vember 9, 1869, aged 80 3^ears. She died in Winthrop, Novem- 
ber 21, 1865, aged 74 years. Children : — 

13. Benjamin Franklin, b. in Phillips, Oct. 9, 1818. 
Jerusha Wadsworth, b. in Winthrop, Aug. 12, 1821 ; 

m, Nov. 25, 1847, Otis Williams of Winthrop. 
Orpha Ann, b. in Winthrop, Aug. 22, 1825 ; m. April 3, 
1845, Justin Thomas of Peru, Me. He died April 25, 
1845, three weeks after marriage. 

14. Cyrus Steuart, b. in Winthrop, April 8, 1828; 

Sibbyl Adelia, b. in Winthrop, Jan. 2, 1831 ; m. June 5, 
1853, Augustus Thomas, a brother of Justin Thomas. 

Charles Grandison, b. in Winthrop, July IS, 1832; died 
Aug. 22, 1735. 

8. AsA^ Robbins, Jr. ( Am\ lJa'U'UF\ WiJIhmK Jr.. Wil- 
liam^) was born in Winthrop, Jul}^ 28, 1791. and was ralsea on 
the homestead farm, in his luitive town of Winthrop. In the 
war of 1812-14 he served with rank of Corporal in Capt. Sam- 
uel Randlett's Company of Artillery, of Monmouth, Maine, and 
vicinity, and attached to Lieut. Col. Samuel Thatcher's Regi- 
ment of Militia, stationed at Wiscasset, for the defense of the 
sea coast. His widow received a United States Land Warrant 


for 160 acres for his services. He married February 15, 1818, 
Miss Hannah Shaw, born in Middleborough, Mass., July 29, 
1797, daughter of Capt. Abraham and Hannah (Miller) Shaw 
of Winthrop. He settled in Phillips soon after the war of 
1812, purchasing of Samuel Church 100 acres of land, being 
the southerly part of " Lot No. 4," according to the plan of the 
town of Phillips. Deed dated September 11, 1817. He was 
elected one of the Selectmen and the Town Clerk of 
Phillips, March 1, 1819, and was continuously elected Town 
Clerk for 20 consecutive years, until his death. He was elected 
Representative from Phillips on the Whig ticket, and was a 
member of the House of Representatives in the State Legisla- 
ture of Maine, in 1838, when Franklin County, in which Phil- 
lips is now located, was formed. He took great interest in the 
public schools in his town, and was for many years a member of 
the superintending school committee. He was esteemed and 
honored by his fellow townsmen, and the Phillips Records show 
his long and faithful public service in that town. He died in 
Phillips, April 7, 1840, at the age of about 49 years, a few 
months before his father died in Winthrop, and was therefore 
always junior. But after he settled in Phillips he dropped the 
" Jr." and always wrote his name as " Asa Robbins." She died 
in Lowell, Mass., December 12, 1876, in her 80th year. Children, 
born in Phillips : — 

Olive Clark, b. March 19, 1821 ; m. Jan. 2, 1842, Ira H. 

Delphinia Shaw, b. April 16, 1825 ; m. March 23, 1843, 
Charles J. Talbot. 

ZiLPAH Sampson, b. Aug. 12, 1828; m. Dec. 30, 1848, 
William H. Wiggin. 

Polly Shaw, b. Feb. 16, 1831 ; d. Aug. 23, 1832. 

Hannah Marilla, b. Jan. 5, 1837; m. Oct. 18, 1879, 

William H. Wiggin. 

Zilpah, wife of Dea. William H. Wiggin, died April 21, 1877, 

and in 1879 he married her sister, Hannah Marilla. He is a 

prominent business man and the founder of " Wigginville," in 


Lowell, Mass., an active member and deacon of the Wortlien 
Street Baptist Church in that city. 

9. Oliver^ Robbins (^saS Daniel^, William^ Jr., Wil- 
liarn^^ was born in Winthrop, April 11, 1793. He served in 
Capt. Asa Fairbank's Company, of Winthrop, in Col. John 
Stone's Regiment of Militia, stationed at Wiscasset, in the war 
of 1812-14. His older brother, Benjamin, and younger brother, 
Cyrus, were also members of this Company. He married, Jan- 
uary 22, 1813, Miss Aseneth Wing, born in Winthrop, Decem- 
ber 22, 1788. He removed to Phillips about 1818, judging 
from the fact that his first two children are recorded in the 
Winthrop Records as born in that town. He died in Phillips, 
September 13, 1848, aged 55 years. She died in Phillips, March 
7, 1864, aged 75 years. Children : — 

George, b. Oct. 2, 1815 ; d. May 3, 1816. 

Oliver, Jr., b. March 10, 1817 ; d. Dec. 21, 1831. 

Asa, b. Dec. 20, 1820 ; d. Jan. 26, 1832. 

Aseneth, b. Nov. 15, 1824; m. John Wilbur. Settled in 

Strong, Maine. 
Joanna, b. Nov. 28, 1828; d. Dec. 15, 1831. 

10. OpwEN^ Robbins QEleazer^, DanieP, William^, Jr., Wil- 
Ziam^)was born in Winthrop, March 6, 1801, and was about 15 
years of age when he removed with his parents from Winthrop 
to Phillips. A few years later he started in business for him- 
self, first by buying land in what is now Madrid, Maine, which 
he cleared and prepared for tillage. After a few years of this 
lonely and arduous work he returned to Phillips and built a 
Flour Mill, and also a Saw Mill, which he operated several 
years. He married October 5, 1826, Miss Mary Hun toon, born 
in Plantation No. 1 (now Madrid), February 16, 1811. He and 
his brother, Daniel, bought the Grist Mill and the Fulling Mill, 
which for several years they owned and operated. Later in life, 
in failing health, he sold out and went to Minnesota, where he 
remained several years, but not realizing any improvement in 
health he returned to his native state, and bought a farm at 
what is known as the " Mile Square," Avon, Me., three miles from 

116 R0BBIJ7S FAMILY, [Oct. 

Phillips Village, Here he passed his few remaining years. He 
was an active member and deacon of the Free AVill Baptist 
Church of Phillips, and was one of the promoters and builders 
of its church edifice. He died in Phillips, June 18, 1870, aged 
59 years. Deacon Oren Eobbins was a public spirited man, and 
had the respect and esteem of all who knew him. His widow 
and four of their children are now living. One of his daughters, 
Mrs. Nathaniel B. Beal, of Phillips, still lives in the old house 
built by her grandfather, Eleazer Robbins, and her aged mother 
lives with her. Children, born in Phillips. 

Almira. b. Aug. 6, 1827; m. June 30, 1844, Daniel Y. 
Smith, a native of Avon. They settled in Anoka, Minn. 

Mary, b. Nov, 25, 1828; m. April 8, 1849, Nathaniel B. 
Beal of Phillips. 

Oren D., b. Aug. 21, 1831; drowned in Sandy River, 
July 16, 1835. 
15. Silas C, b. Nov. 11, 1834. 

Orlando, b. Aug. 30, 183G ; m. Mrs. Jane Basfield. Set- 
tled in Boice City, Idaho. 

Charles E., b. July 5, 1839. Settled in Dillon City, 

Laura E., b, Jan. 3, 184G; m. June 9, 18G9, David Haley. 

11. Daniel^ Robbins {Meazer\ DanieP, William'^, Jr., 
William}} was born in Winthrop, Jan. 21, 1807, and removed 
with his parents from Winthrop to Phillips when about nine 
years of age. When young he engaged in the tanning business 
in Phillips, and later owned, with his brother, Oren, and operated 
the Flour Mill, Saw Mill and Carding Mill, at different times. 
He married, November 7, 1831, Miss Polly Shaw, born in Win- 
throp, October 15, 1809, daughter of Capt. Abraham and Han- 
nah (Miller) Shaw, of Winthrop. In 1855 he removed with 
his wife and six chihhen to Anoka, Minnesota, where, with his 
eldest son, Daniel M., he built and operated a Saw Mill. Later 
he was in the grocery business, and up to a short time before 
his death he was in active business. A man highly esteemed by 
all. He died in Anoka, August 3, 1884, aged 77 years. She- 


died in St. Paul, Minn., April 24, 1895, aged 85 years. 
Children, born in Phillips : — 

16. Daniel Miller, b. Dec. 12, 1832. 

Emily Frances, b. April 12, 1835 ; m. Jan. 2, 1858, John 

W. Henion, a prominent business man in Minneapolis, 
Hannah Lavina, b. May 25, 1841 ; m. July 7, 1860, 
Henry J. G. Croswell, a native of Farmington, Maine, 
and successful business man. Resides at Mirriam 
Park, Minn. 

17. Andrew Bonney, b. April 27, 1845. 

18. John Shaw, b. Dec. 28, 1847. 

Dora Delphinia, b. Feb. 21, 1850; m. June 24, 1874, 
William J. Miller, an active business man in Minneapolis. 

12. Jacob^ Bailey Robbins ( Aquilla\ Daniel^, Jr.^ 
DanieV'^ William^ Jr., William}} was born in Litchfield, Maine, 
January 16, 1814, and in early life resided in Phillips, but soon 
after attaining the years of manhood, settled in Winthrop. He 
married, April 4, 1839, Miss Philena B. Briggs, born in Win 
throp, April 21, 1809, daughter of Ezra and Mary Briggs, of 
Winthrop. She died in Winthrop, January 14, 1887, aged 
nearly 78 years. He is a much respected citizen, now living, 
at the age of 82 years. Children, born in Winthrop : — 

Daniel Clark, b. March 11, 1840; m. March 18, 1868, 

Miss Emma A. Kilbroth, of Manchester, Maine. 
Charles Edwin, b. Nov. 16, 1842 ; m. June 18, 1870, 

Emily J. Adams ; m. 2dly, Jan. 1, 1887, Mrs. Ella S. 

Whitney. He died in Winthrop, Dec. 13, 1887, aged 

45 years. 
Elbridge Augustus, b. Oct. 2, 1845 ; d. 1863, aged 18 


13, Benjamin^ FfvAnklin Bobbins ( Benjamin^, Asa\ 
DanieP, William^ Jr., William}') was born in Phillips, October 
9, 1818. He was a Universalist Clergyman In early life 
learned the printer's trade, and was one of the eai. y publishers 
of the " Maine Farmer." He wrote much for that paper, and 
though not long a publisher, he remained connected with it 
until his death. He married, October 30, 1844, Miss Mary L. 


Chandler, born in Waldoboro, Maine, Dec. 4, 1822, daughter 
of Enos Chandler, a soldier of the AVar of 1812. Rev. Benja- 
min Franklin Robbins died in Augusta, Maine, August 15, 
1852, at the age of 34 years. She died in Winthrop, August 
12, 1865, in her 43d year. Children : — 

Ellery Franklin, b. March 14, 1848 ; d. Oct. 10, 1849. 

Frederic Enos Chandler, b. in Winthrop, Me., July 23, 

1851 ; m. Dec. 15, 1875, Lizzie A. Rogers, of Richmond, 

14. Cyrus*^ Steuart Robbtns {Bevjami7i^, Asa^^ BanieP^ 
Wllliam^^ Jr,^ William^} was born in Winthrop, April 8, 1828. 
He lived and died on the homestead farm at Winthrop, that 
was owned and occupied, each in turn, by his father, grand- 
father and great-grandfather. He was a man of literary taste 
and ability, writing many excellent articles in the interest and 
advancement of agriculture, and delivered addresses at farmers' 
gatherings of much interest and value. He married, June 22, 
1858, Miss Mary L. Rockwood, born in Belgrade, Maine, Sep- 
tember 17, 1832, daughter of Hiram and Louisa (Case) Rock- 
wood. He died in Winthrop, May 11, 1880, at the age of 52 
years. His widow and unmarried children reside at the home- 
stead, the " Robbinsdale Farm." Children, born in Winthrop : — 

Annie Maria, b. Dec. 29, 1859; m. Dec. 3, 1882, Charles 

E. Wells, Medford, Mass. 

Mary Alice, b. April 8, 1862 ; m. Aug. 21, 1895, William 

F. White, Augusta, Me. 

Emma Florence, b. Jan. 10, 18G5 ; m. Aug. 7, 1889, 
Henry Herbert Goddard, principal of Oak Grove Sem- 
inary, 1894-5. 
Mabel Steuart, b. May 11, 1869; m. Feb. 19, 1896, 

Edwin A. Whiting, East Winthrop, Me. 
Olive Louisa, b. July 11, 1871. 
Cyrus Steuart, b. Jan. 8, 1876. 
SiBBYL Margaret, b. July 6, 1877. 
In the same lot, in the cemetery near to the old homestead 
in Winthrop, repose the remains of Daniel Robbins, Jr., and 
Asa Robbins, brothers, and soldiers of the American Revolu- 


tioii, who served in the same company in the First Regiment of 
Massachusetts Troops, raised to reinforce the American Army 
in New York. 

15. SiLAS^ C. Robbies (Oren^^Eleazer'^^DcmieF^ William'^, 
Jr., William^') was born in Phillips, November 11, 1834, and 
went West in early life. He served in the Minnesota First 
Heavy Artillery, Co. E, in the Civil War, and is now living in 
Anoka, Minn. He married, 1st, May, 1857, Rosealthea Libl)y, 
of Limerick, Maine. She died in 1870. Children: — 

Charles Oren, b. Dec. 19, 1858; d. March, 18G2. 
Mary Alice, b. Sept. 20, 1866 ; m. Eugene Coggins, set- 
tled in Snohomish, Washington. 
Carrie Bell, b. March 9, 1868 ; m. Charles H. Moulton. 
Settled in Snohomish. 
In March, 1878, he married in Anoka, Ellen M. Lisherness^ 
born March 26, 185'3. Children: — 
Fannie I., b. April 4, 1879. 
Silas Edward, b. Feb. 7, 1881. 
Frank Orlando, b. March 24, 1882. 

16. Daniel*^ Milleii Robbins (Daniel^ Eleazer^, BanieP, 
William'^, Jr., William^) was born in Phillips, December 12, 
1832. He is one of the enterprising and persevering sons of 
Maine who have achieved sncjcess in the West. He grew to 
manhood, and was educated in his native town of Phillips. At 
the age of 21 he went to Lowell, Mass., and became engaged in 
building, v»diich he continued for the next three years, su[)e!in- 
tending the construction of buildings in ^lassachusetts, in 
Maine and Canada. In 1855, his father and family having 
decided to make a permanent home in the West, he joined them, 
and in April arrived in Anoka, where a location was made by 
the family. The next year, in coiniection with his father, he 
built and operated a Saw Mill at the mouth of Rum River. In 
the spring of 1860 lie went to Pike's Peak gold region, in Col- 
orado, and in the fall went to Memphis, Tenn., and for several 
months engaged in setting up saw mills, and putting them in 
operation, returning to Minnesota in 1861. In 1865 he located 

120 liOBBlNiS FAMILY, [Oct. 

in St. Paul, and soon after began operations in real estate, with 
successful results. In 1878 he built the St. Vincent extension 
of the present Manitoba Railroad, from Crookston to St. Vincent. 
He built the Stock Yards, at Minnesota Transfer, and for two 
years was superintendent, and had general charge of all the 
business connected with the Transfer. In 1882 he assisted in 
the organization of the Northwestern Elevator Company, and 
was made its general manager, and since 1883 he has been its 
president. Mr. Bobbins has been more than ordinarily success- 
ful in his business career. He has not engaged in enterprises 
of a purely speculative character, but has invariably conducted 
his affairs with care, prudence and intelligence. He is somewhat 
of a quiet, retiring disposition ; a gentleman of correct habits 
and deportment. He is regarded by those who know him 
as a man of conscientious character and strict integrity. 
He married, August 20, 1865, at Orono, Minn., Miss 
Delia K. Barton, a native of Augusta, Maine. Mrs. Robbins 
comes of Puritan ancestry, and is a cousin of that noble woman, 
Miss Clara Barton. Children : — 

Bertha D., b. in Anoka, Minn., July 19, 1866. 

Emily A., b. in St. Paul, Minn., Aug. 21, 1868. 

Alice M., b. in St. Paul, Oct. 11, 1871. 

Florence L., b. in St. Paul, Sept. 12, 1872. 

Daniel Miller, b. St. Paul, Feb. 25, 1875; d. Sept. 19, 1875. 

Grace H., b. in St. Paul, Feb. 4, 1877. 

Harry M., b. in St. Paul, June 23, 1880. 
17. Andrew^ Bonney Robbins {Daniel'^, Eleazer^, Daniel^ 
WiUlain?^ Jr.^ William}^ was born in Phillips, April 27, 1845, 
and was about ten years of age when he removed with his par- 
ents from Phillips to Anoka, Minn. In this state he received 
his education in the common schools and in the academy. At 
the age of seventeen he enlisted for the war, joined Co. A, 8th 
Minnesota Volunteers, and gave three 3^e}irs of faithful service 
in the Union Army, the end of the Civil AYar finding him in 
the 23d Army Corps, at Raleigh, N. C. He then returned to 
Anoka, where, however, he remained but a short time, before 


locating at Will mar, Minn., and engaged in the railroad, 
land and banking bnsiness. In 1883 he severed his connection 
at Willmar and came to Minneapolis, to engage in the wholesale 
^rain and elevator business, and to take the management of the 
Northwestern Elevator Company. The Northwestern Elevator 
System owns and controls 94 houses, spread all over the North- 
west, and a terminal elevator, with a capacity of one million 
bushels. In the active management of this great company he is 
still engaged. In 1888 he settled at a place then called 
Parker's Station, buying ninety acres of the choicest land, and 
built the handsome residence in which he now lives. In 1890 
he started a street car line to Minneapolis, which is now in 
successful operation. This fine location is now the flourishing 
village of " Robbinsdale," so organized and named on the sixth 
day of April, 1893, after Hon. Andrew B. Robbins. While 
residing at Willmar he was a member of the State Senate from 
Kandiyohi County, for two terms,187T and 1878, and he was with 
great unanimity chosen the first Representative to the Minnesota 
Legislature, in 1894, from Robbinsdale. He married at Min- 
neapolis, Minn., March 25, 1869, Adelaide J. Walker, born at 
Xema, Ohio, December 11, 1847. Children : — 

Harland a., b. in Minneapolis, Minn., Jan. 12, 1870 ; d. 
Feb. 2, 1876. 

Edith A., b. in Willmar, Minn., July 20, 1871. 

Helen M., b. in Willmar, March 23, 1873; d. Aug. 21, 

Amy I., b. in Minneapolis, Sept. 7, 1877. 

Adalajde B., b. in Willmar, April 1, 1881. 

Ruth M., b. in Mirriam Park, Minn., Aug. 31, 1886. 

Esther M., b. in Mirriam Park, June 26, 1880. 

18. JOHN^ Shaw Robbins {Daniel^, Eleazer\ Daniel^^ 
William^^ Jr.^ William^') was born in Phillips, December 28, 
1847, and removed with his parents from Phillips to Anoka, 
when but eight years of age. He attended school and worked 
on a farm. When but 17 he went to Ohio and brought over- 
land 1600 sheep, from Lima to Anoka, and later worked for his 
brother, D. M. Robbins, who was shipping horses from Ohio to 


St. Paul. About 1868 he was employed by a large fur dealing 
company, engaged in the fur trade northwest of Old Fort Garry, 
now Winnepeg, and for about two years took charge of one of 
their trading posts, situated at " Portage La Poirie," TO miles 
from Fort Garry, on the Assiniboine River. In 1871 he went 
out as Wagon Master on the first survey of the Northwestern 
Pacific Railroad, and the next year, in company with his 
brother, D. M., took a contract to grade several of the streets 
of St. Paul, doing work for the city to the amount of -^20,000. 
For several years he continued the business of buying and ship- 
ping horses from Iowa and Illinois to St. Paul, and for a year 
or more was with the St. P. & P. R.R. Co., at Minneapolis. In 
1876 he removed to Willmar, Minn., where he engaged in active 
business, which he still continues, dealing extensively in lumber, 
coal, wood, and improved farm implements. He married De- 
cember 2, 1872, at Anoka, Minn., Miss Nellie S. Prescott. She 
died in February, 1896. Their only child : — 

George Miller, b. in St. Paul, Minn., June 21, 1874. 


By Carlos Slafteu. 

{Continued from page 85.) 

From Dec. 2, 1838, to Feb. 22, 1839, Timothy P. Dodge was 
the teacher of the Readville School. He kept a very neat Regis- 
ter ; and one of his pupils characterizes him as '' one of the good 

In the summer of 1838 the Clapboardtrees School was in 
charge of Miss Lydia Ann Wyatt Whitney, the daughter of 
Benjamin and Rachel N. (Spooner) Whitney of Hudson, New 
York, born August 7, 1807. From 1811 to 1820, she was a 
pujjil in the schools of Dorchester, Mass., the next five years in 
Uxbridge, where at that time there was a very popular Academy. 
She taught schools in many places, Dorchester, Milton, Uxbridge,. 

1897.] OF DEDHAM. 123 

and Marlborough, Mass. ; Brewer, West Corinth and Levant, 
Me. ; SLatersville, R. I., and Ogxlensburg, N. Y. Her school in 
Dorchester was private, continued from 1825 to 1835, being one 
year an infant school, an institution very popular at that time. 
In Brewer, Me., 1835-6 she had a school of 103 pupils of all 
ages from four to sixteen, and no assistant. In Milton, Mass., 
1837, she taught five months a school of 95 pupils. Miss Whit- 
ney's life of teaching, always successful, continued more than 
fifty years. She never married because " the right one never 
came. " Her residence is now in Framingham, Mass. 

Cyrus G. Myrick was in charge of the Second Middle School 
from Oct. 28, 1838, to March 23, 1839. The pupils numbered 
sixty. Mr. Myrick was of Middlebury, Vt. 

In the summer of 1839 the Mill School was instructed ten 
weeks by Georgiana Butterfield. She was the daughter of Pitts 
and Lucy (Damon) Butterfield, born in Dedham, Oct. 30, 1819. 
The public and private schools of Dedham gave her the means 
of education. She married Isaacus C. Smith, May 9, 1839, 
and is now living with her daughter, Mrs. Dr. G. C. Howard, in 
Lawrence, Mass. 

Miss Nancy Guild had a long experience as a teacher in Ded- 
ham, beginning in West Dedham in 1839. In 1851 and 1852, 
she had charge of tlie second division of the Mill Village School. 
In 1856 she took charge of the Second Middle, and for Several 
years, beginning in 1861, she conducted a successful private 
school. She was the daughter of Calvin and Lendamine (Draper) 
Guild, born Oct. 20, 1816. She resided in Dedham all her life, 
which ended July 15, 1891, in her seventy-third year. 

In 1839 Miss Lauretta Wheaton Taft was a teacher in the 
primary department of the First Middle School. She also had 
charge of the primary part of the Mill school two summers of 
20 weeks each, 1842 and 1843. She was the daughter of 
Frederick A. and Amanda (Wheaton) Taft, born Nov. 28, 1816; 
married Francis Guild Nov. 5, 1846 ; and died April 6, 1875. 
She spent her life in Dedham, where her rare mental gifts, 
refined moral sense and force of character were justly appreciated. 


In the winter of 1838-9 Mr. Alexander Wheelock Thayer 
taught school in the WestfieUl District. He was the son of Dr. 
Wheelock and Susan (Bigelow) Thayer of South Natick. He 
has been a resident of Trieste, Austria, as United States Consul 
more than thirty years. He has written the life of Beethoven, 
one volume of which has been published ; but the work awaits 
completion on account of the author's impaired health. Since 
the foregoing was written, Mr. Thayer has died in Trieste. 

John Colcord taught the children of East Street in 1838-9. 
Says one of his pupils there and then, " afterwards he became 
the master of the Phillips Grammar School in the city of Bos- 
ton. " I have no means of verifying the statement, but accept 
it as true. 

"William Henry Wood, son of Judge Wood of Middleboro, in- 
structed the Westfield School two long winter terms, 1839-40 
and 1840-41. He graduated at Brown University in 1834, 
studied law and reached judicial honors, if the information I 
have received is correct. He died in 1883. His work as a 
teacher is highly commended by those who were under his 

In the summer of 1838 the teacher of the Westfield School 
was Miss Julia Ann Farnham. She was of Amherst, N. H., the 
daughter of Gearey and Sophronia (Bills) Farnham. She was 
well educated in the public schools of Roxbury, and at private 
schools in Cambridge and Newton, Mass. She married Jerahmeel 
C. Pratt in 1839, and resided in Roxbury. A son and daughter 
survive her. She was a cousin of our townsman, Capt. Henry 

Sarah Morse was mistress of the Clapboardtrees school in 
the summer of 1839. The following winter, 1839-40, Samuel 
Bennett was the master. 

Miles Teel Gardner, previously mentioned as the teacher of 
a private school in Dedham, was the son of Miles and Lydia 
(Teel) Gardner, born in West Cambridge (now Arlington) 
Jan. 21, 1807; and graduated from Harvard College in 1834. 
From Sept. 1834 to 1837 he taught an academy in Walpole, 


New Hampshire ; then opened a private school in Dedham 
which he continued several prosperous years. In 1838 he mar- 
ried Miss Martha Eddy Getting, of West Cambridge. After 
leaving Dedham, he taught a few years in Arlington, but left 
that place and occupation on account of ill health, and removed, 
jRrst to Rochester, N. Y., and then to Detroit, Michigan, where 
he opened a seed store, and was a successful business man. In 
1860 he married Nannette Ellingwood Brown, of Detroit. He 
died in that city in 1887. His widow and a daughter, the only 
survivor of his four children, now reside in Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Miss Mary Gardner, sister of Miles T., born Feb. 1, 1818, 
began to teach in Mill Village June 1839, . continuing there till 
the fall of 1840, when she took charge of the Readville school 
till the spring of 1841, making two years of very successful 
work in the town of Dedham. She had previously taught one 
summer in Charlestown and one in Medford. After leaving: 
Dedham she taught two summers in the West School of Milton. 
She was educated in her brother's Academy at Walpole, N. H., 
and at the Hawes Institute in South Boston. On the 15th of 
January, 1843, she was married to Mr. Oliver Pierce, of Dedham, 
and now resides on Edge Hill Road, Milton, Mass. 

Her sister. Miss Almira Gardner, born March 15, 1823, and 
educated at her brother's school in Dedham, had charge of the 
Readville School, the summer of 1842. She died in Arlington, 

Mass., August, 1870. 

{To he continued.) 


with notes. 
By Charles Curtis Greenwood. 

( Continued from Vol. V, patje 137.) 

In memory of M"- Joseph Daniell Who died Dec. 5 1783 in y^ 7G^^ 
year of his age. 

Depart my friends wipe oft' your 

Here I must lie till Christ ap 



In memory of M"" Josiah Dewing who died August 12*^ 1786 aged 62 

The house appointed for all living. 

Jeremiah Fuller Died April 19, 1798 Aged 25 Years. 
Timothy Fuller Died Jan. 12, 1799 Aged 84 Years. 

These two last are copied from the front of the Fuller tomb. 
In memory of M^" John Bird died Aug^^ 3, 1810 Aged 81 Years. 

Come my children and behold 

The fate of all below. 

The five inscriptions above were previously omitted. 

Esther Davenport Born Jan. 11, 1777 Died about June 1815. Erected 
by O. H. Davenport 1885. 

Monument, West face. 

Thomas Kingsbury Died May 14th 1859. Aged 64. years. 

He was b. in Swanzey, N. H., March 26, 1795, the son of 
James and Sarah (Cresson) Kingsbury ; m. Jan. 20, 1819, 
Clarissa Hunting. Representative, 1834, 1835, 1848, 1849; 
Selectman, 1829, 1830, 1832, 1833, 1835; Town Treasurer, 
1853-1859 ; chosen deacon of the First Church, July 29, 1849, 
and continued in the office until his death. 

Clara wife of Thomas Kingsbury died Jan. 28, 1836 aged 42 years. 

Clara daughter of Thomas & Clara Kingsbury died Dec. 15, 1820, 
aged 13 mos. 

Thomas son of Thomas & Clara Kingsbury died Nov. 18, 1829 Aged 
8 years, [b. Dec. 17, 1821. J 

South face. 

Willard Kingsbury Died Dec. 26, 1876 Aged 52 years. 

He was b. Jan. 10, 1825, son of Thomas and Clarissa (Hunt- 
ing) Kingsbury. 

Blessed are they that mourn for they shall be comforted. 

Joseph Hagar died Aug. 12, 18.50 aged 60 yrs. 

Celia B. Hagar his wife died May 11, 1875 aged 84 yrs 12 days. [b. April 
28, 1791.] 

Joseph Hagar Jr. died Nov. 22, 1836 ^Et 16 vrs. 
Abigail Hagar died Oct. 3, 1826, ^Et 2 yrs. & 4 ms. 

Joseph was b. in Weston, April 5, 1789, son of Jacob and 
Abigail (Flagg) Hagar ; m. Celia, dau. of Ezra and Hannah 
MiUs, Aug. 27, 1812. Joseph, their son, was b. Feb. 28, 1820 ; 
and Abigail, their dau., was b. June 20, 1824. 

East face. 
Mother— Johnson— Father 

West face. 
Abiathar Johnson Jan. 1768 
Oct. 1834 
Meribah wife of Abiathar Johnson 
May 1769 
Aug. 1856. 


She was b. March 26, 1769, dan. of Ebenezer and Meribah 
Fuller ; m. Abiathar Johnson. 

Monument. West face. 

Rufus Mills born May 10, 1792 died July G, 1878. 

Son of Lemuel and Esther (Kingsbury) Mills ; Representa- 
tive in 1832, 1833 ; Town Treasurer, 1831-1834 ; Justice of 
the Peace. 

Sarah Eames Palmer wife of Rufus Mills, born Sept. 8, 1799, died 
Sept. 22, 1842. 

She was the dau. of Rev. Stephen and Catherine (Haven) 
Palmer; m. Rufus Mills, Nov. 21, 1821. 

South face. 

Loretta Matilda born Feb. 16, 1841 died Sept. 28, 1841 
George Morey born Sept. 18, 1842 died Oct. 6, 1842 

Children of Rufus and Sarah Eames Mills. 

North face. 

Stephen Palmer born Oct. 18, 1822 died on board ship Amazon on 
passage from Calcutta to Boston, Mar. 24, 1845. 

Son of Rufus and Sarah Eames Mills. 

Royal Woodward died Mar. 24, 1855. ^t. 74 yrs. 
Martha his wife died July 25, 1843. ^t. 51 yrs. 
Phebe his 2"^ wife died Peb. 25, 1858 ^t. 78 yrs. 

Royal Woodward was the son of Ephraim and Abigail Wood- 
ward; m. Martha Ware, Feb. 21, 1811 ; m. 2dly widow Phebe 
Blanden, April 17, 1848. 

Monument. South face. 

Manfred Son of Otis & Charlotte Sawyer died Sept. 23, 1843 Aged 15 
mos. [ b, June 29 1842. j 

East face. 

Otis Sawyer Born in Foxboro Aug 25, 1801. Died July 9, 1855 Aged 
54 yrs. 

*' Whereas ye know not what 
shall be on the morrow. For 
What is your life? It is even 
a vapour, that appeareth 
for a little time, and then 

He was the son of Philip Sawyer ; Selectman 1836, 1852- 

West face. 
Charlotte Wife of Otis Sawyer Died June 27, 1885. Aged 80 yrs. 
*' The sweet remembrance of the just 
Shall flourish when they sleep in dust." 

She was the dau. of Richard and Betsey (Davis) Boynton ; 
m. Otis Sawyer, Sept. 26, 1830. 


North face. 
W"^. Otis Sawyer Co. 8, Heavy Artillery Mass. Vol. died in Wash. 
D. C. July 21, 1864. JE. 32 yr's. 

He was b. in Newton Aug. 6, 1831, son of Otis and Charlotte 
(Boynton) Sawyer ; a member of Co. A, Third Regiment, Mass. 
Heavy Artillery. 

Maria W. his wife died July 19, 1868 M 32 yr's. 
United in Heaven. 

She was b. in Boston, dau. of Charles and Lucretia W. 
Ayling ; m. William Otis Sawyer, Dec. 24, 1862. 

Mary Wife of Ezra Fuller, Died June 23, 1846 ^t. 68 yrs. 5 ms. 

She was b. December 28, 1777, dau. of Samuel and Mary 
(Washburn) Woodcock; m. Ezra Fuller, Nov. 27, 1803. 

Frona P. Herrick daughter of Charles and S. P. H. Buck born May 
27, 1837, died July 28, 1855. 

James Kingsbury died Feb. 28, 1852 iEt. 83. 

He was b. Sept. 30, 1768, son of Jonathan and Jemima 

Sarah wife of James Kingsbury died Mar. 7, 1847 ^Et 74. 

She was b. in Swanzey, N. H., Oct. 4, 1772, dau. of Thomas 
Cresson ; m. James Kingsbury, Jan. 2, 1794. 

Maria V. Wife of Albert Holt Died May 18, 1848 Aged 23 ys. & 7 ms. 

Youthful in years, the friend, companion, wife, 
Yet old in wisdom's venerable way ; 
Few in her glass, the sands of mortal life, 
Her moments, now are one eternal day. 
Constant in memory shall her virtues be. 
For while exhales the tributary tear. 
The conscious years his growing loss will see. 
Who with Maria leaves such treasures here 
Leave here! Oh, IN'oI the spirit spurned the clod, 
And soared away to seek its essence, God. 

Ebenezer Kingsbury Died Nov. 7, 1849 Aged 07 y". 

He was b. Nov. 30, 1783, the son of Jonathan and 
Jemima Kingsbury. 

Mary Jane, Wife of Otis Alden died Jan. 18, 1857 aged 37 yr's 
A faithful and devoted mother. 

Otis Alden m. Mary J. Hurd, July 17, 1838. She was the 
dau. of Jonathan and Hannah Hurd, b. in Rochester, N. H. 

Armenia A. wife of Otis Alden died Feb. 1, 1803 Aged 37 yrs. 

Otis Alden m. Armenia A. Nicholson Dec. 4, 1859. She was 
b. in Marblehead, dau. of John, Jr., and Mary C. (Rand) 


Elery Otis Son of Otis & Mary Jane Alden died Apr. 5, 1850. aged 
10 mos. 

**He sleeps in Jesus." 
Daniel M. Stedman Died April 10, 1850 ^t. 28 Yr's 

"Thy days are as the grass or like the 

Morning flower. 
If one sharp blast sweep o'er the field : 
It withers in an hour." 
Josiah Stedman Died Oct 19, 1850 ^t. 19 Yr's 
*' How swift the shuttle flies, 
that weaves thy shroud." 
Henry Marcus Son of Hiram T. &> Martha A. Story died Oct. 22, 
1850 JEt. 8 ms & 17 ds 

Martha A. wife of Hiram T. Story Died Jan. 23, 1853 ^t. 32. 
She bade loved friends on earth Adieu, 
To find a happier home in Heaven. 

She was b. in Lancaster, N. H., dau. of James Chase. 

Born into the Spirit World Aug. 18, 1862 Hiram T. Story ^t. 48 
yrs, 9 mos. 

Mingling in Joy 
With thy risen lov'd Ones. 
Tho wilt still keep watch 
Over the Lingerers here. 

He was b. Nov. 8, 1813, son of Elijah and Anna (Mills) 

Susannah M. Fuller daughter of Charles and Hannah Fuller Died 
January 25, 1851. aged 11 years. 

She's ^one to rest in heaven above, 
Rejoicing in her Saviour's love, 
There she'll eternally remain, 
And we shall shortly meet again. 
Monument. South face. 
Joseph Kewell died March 14, 1851 aged 76 years 
He was born in that part of Dedham now Dover, May 20 ^ 
1774, son of Ebenezer and Abigail (Allen) Newell ; Selectman 

Sally wife of Joseph Newell died April 1, 1853 Aged 75 years 
Marshall Newall died May 29, 1886 aged 66 yrs, 9 mos. 

He was b. Sept. 14, 1819, son of Joseph and Sally (Tisdale) 

East face. 
Betsey wife of Lucius Newell born April 1, 1818 died in Bosto«n Dec. 
22, 1849 

North face. 
Joseph Newell Died May 18, 1882 Aged 26 yrs. 
Edgar lu Newell died Nov. 22, 1885 aged 26 yrs. 
Smith B. Newell died Feb. 21, 1887 aged 22 yrs. 

West face. 
Lucius Newell died June 28 1882. aged 75 yrs. 
He was b. Jan. 26, 1817, son of Joseph and Sarah Newell. 


His wife Abby W. Burley died Dec. 4, 1887 aged 57 yrs. 

Fisher Mills died July 7, 1852 ^. 87 

He was b. May 31, 1765. son of Oliver and Susanna (Fisher) 

Sarah Mills died Oct. 9 1857 M. 90 

She was b. in Waltham, dau. of Mattheas Collins ; m. 
Fisher Mills, May 1, 1795. 

Susan F. How died Feb. 2, 1872 JE. 75 
She wash. Feb. 11, 1798, dau. of Fisher and Sarah (Collins) 
Mills ; m. George How, as his second wife, Oct. 15, 1851. 

Lucy wife of Oliver Edes died Kov. 9 1853 aged 65 yr's 

She was probably the dau. of Joshua and Mary Lewis ; m. 

Oliver Edes, Dec. 24, 1807. 

Calvin son of Oliver & Lucy Edes died at California Sept. 9, 1853 
aged 30 y'rs 

William Cargill Died ]SIov. 16 1853. ^t 43 yrs, 9 mos. 

Call it not death, Life's just begun. 

Earth's work is o'er, Heaven's Crown is won. 

He was b. in Wrentham, February 20, 1810, son of David 
and Hannah Whiting Cargill. 

Monument. North face. 
Caroline A Wife of Augustus Eaton Died Jan. 30, 1854 Aged 27 yrs, 
7 ms. 

There is rest in Heaven. 

She was b. in Milford, N. H., dau. of Daniel and Clarissa 
May; m. Augustus Eaton, May 7, 1850. 
Joseph Fuller died Dec. 24, 1855. ^t. 77. 

He was b. June 18, 1778, son of Solomon and Mary (Colburn) 

William T. Guest Died January 15, 1857. aged 30 years, 3 months. 
His brief, manly life has proved its 
noble purpose, to live simply, 
truthfully, and in harmony with 
its Divine Author. 

John S. Bird taken home Jan. 11, 1857 Aged 59. 
He was b. Sept. 30, 1797, son of Benjamin and Chloe 
(Smith) Bird ; Selectman, 1835. 

Sarah K His wife Sept. 26, 1875. Aged 72. 

She was b. May 30, 1803, dau. of Jeremiah and Lydia 
(Bullen) Kingsbury ; m. John S. Bird, July 9, 1829. 
Jeremiah Kingsbury died Jan. 20, 1857. ^t. 82 yrs. 

He was b. Sept. 1, 1774, son of Moses and Sarah (Fuller) 

1897.] FISHER FAMILY. 131 

In memory of Hannah Woodcock who died Oct. 11, 1858 aged 79 

She was b. Nov. 16, 1779, daughter of Samuel and Mary 
(Washburn) Woodcock. 

Ezra Fuller Died Feb. 17, 1870 ^t. 93 yrs. 10 ms. 

He was b. April 17, 1776, son of Jonas and Jerusha (Collar) 

Mr. Greenwood died on June 7, 1897. His manuscript on the 
**Needham Epitaphs" has been prepared fortlie press by Mr. George K. Clarke. 

{To he continued.) 


By Philip Adsit Fisher. 

( Continued from page 88. ) 

69. JosiAHS second son of Jonathan (39) and Mary 
(Richards) Fisher, was b. at Dedham, July 25,1745; m. at 
Newton, Nov. 22, 1768, Sarah Wilson, of Newton. They joined 
the Dedham church, April 8, 1770. He d. at Dedham, Dec. 20, 
1812, aged 67. They had :— 

Sarah,^ b. June 6, 1770 ; m. Ralph Day Jr., of Dover, Dec. 

11, 1792. 
JosiAH«, b. April 13, 1772; d. Aug. 10, 1794. 

70. Major Aakon , son of Jonathan (39) and Mehitable 
(Metcalf) Fisher, was b. at Dedham, March 3, 1756 ; m. Feb. 
24, 1780, Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel and Anne (Goodale) 
Ware, who was b. April 14, 1755, and d. atNorthampton,March 
26, 1831, aged 75. He soon moved to Westhampton, where he 
became a prominent figure. Was a member of the Boston Con- 
vention to ratify the Constitution, Jan., 1788 ; served in the 
War of 1812, retiring with the rank of major. He d. at West- 
hampton, Nov. 22, 1839, aged 83. Their children were : — 

Aaron^ b. Nov. 17, 1780; m. Eunice Joy, Feb. 18, 1811. 
Milton^, b. Sept. 20, 1782 ; d. May 31, 1786. 
Anthony^, b. June 21, 1784 ; d. at Norwich, Jan. 9, 1868. 
Grace«, b. Nov. 17, 1786 ; d. Aug. 23, 1811. 
MILTON^ b. Aug. 30, 1792 ; d. Sept. 14, 1792. 


71, Daniels eldest son of Daniel (41) and Amity 
(Shepard) Fisher, was b. at Walpole, Dec. 7, 1767 ; ni. Dec.l7, 
1793, Abigail, daughter of Isaac and Abigail (Bullard) Lewis, 
who was b. at Walpole, Feb. 27, 1775, and d. there, Aug. 7, 
1834, aged 59. He w^as a farmer, res. at North Walpole, where 
he d. Oct. 8, 1854, aged 86. Children, b. at Walpole, were :— 

103. JoEL^ b. Jan. 5, 1795 ; m. Sally Everett, April 15, 1818. 

104. IsAAC^ b. Dec. 22, 1796 . m. Sibyl Everett, Dec. 18, 1822. 
AcHSA^jb. Jan. 5, 1799 ; m. Lewis Allen, of Walpole, Dec. 

2, 1819. 
Maria^ b. March 22, 1801 ; m. Silas Fales, of Walpole, 

Dec. 10, 1823. 
Olive^, b. April 5, 1804; m. Amos Baker, of Dedham ; 

res. Providence, R. I. 

105. LEWIS^ b. Jan. 31, 1806 ; m.Catherine Bassett,Oct. 31, 1838. 
HARRIET^ b. July 19, 1810 ; d. July 28, 1848 ; m. Deacon 

Willard Lewis, Sept. 19, 1832. 

Hannah^ b. March 19, 1814 ; d. Jan. 12, 1843 ; m. Aaron 

Guild, Jr., Sept. 19, 1832. [Burleigh's Guild Gen., 

p. 130.] 

{To he continued.) 

By William R. Mann. 

{Continued from i)age 95.) 

Harriet Gould, dau. of Nathaniel and Elizabeth, May 24, 1798.^ 
Benjamin Bullard, son of Benjamin and Hannah, August 27, 1798. 
Susannah Billings, dau. of Nathaniel and Meriam, May 14, 1786. 
Harriet Billings, dau. of Nathaniel and Meriam, May 13, 1797. 
Daniel Whittaker, son of Rev. Jonathan and Mary, [ ] 1801. 

Eunice Bordin Billings, dau. of Elijah and Huldah, May 18, 1784. 
Benjamin Curtis Billings, son of Elijah and Huldah, June 6, 1787. 
Abner Fairbanks, son of Jeremiah and Unity, June 1, 1795.^ 
Unity Fairbanks, dau. of Jeremiah and Unity, May [ ], 1797. 
Sarah Fairbanks, dau. of Jeremiah and Unity, April 7, 1800. 
George Billings, son of James and Marcy, January 29, 1798. 
Hewing Billings, son of James and Marcy, April 24, 1800. 


Samuel Clap, son of Samuel and Abigail, April 25, 1799. 
Isaac Paul Clap, son of Samuel and Abigail, September 1, 1800. 
Enoch Talbot, son of Josiah and Susannah, November 11, 1780. 
Susanna Talbot, dau of Josiah and Susannah, December 11, 1782. 
Josiah Talbot, son of Josiah and Susannah, February 24, 1785. 
Hannah Talbot, dau. of Josiah and Susannah, February 11, 1788. 
Betsey Talbot, dau. of Josiah and Susannah, June 14, 1790. 
Nathaniel Talbot, son of Josiah and Susannah, June 28, 1792. 
Lucy Talbot, dau. of Josiah and Susannah, April 4, 1795. 
Warren Talbot, son of Josiah and Susannah, June 15, 1798. 
Royall Kollock, son of Thomas and Abigail, April 1(3, 1796. 
Sarah Kollock, dau. of Thomas and Abigail, August 2, 1797. 
Lemuel Kollock, son of Thomas and Abigail, August 20, 1799. 
Richard Williams Hixson, son of Richard and Hannah, May 17, 1801. 
Nathaniel Leonard, son of Nathaniel and Susanna, Feb. 29, 1796. 
Susanna Leonard, dau. of Nathaniel and Susanna, June 14, 1798. 
Maria Leonard, dau. of Nathaniel and Susanna, January 18, 1801. 
Francis Curtis, son of Francis and Lydia, Sept. 22, 1800. 
Otis Comings, son of Joseph and Mehitabel, September 13, 1796. 
Amos Comings, son of Joseph and Mehitabel, November 22, 1798, 
Maynard Billings, son of Nathaniel and Meriam, December 4, 1801. 
Lewis Holmes, son of Benjamin and Martha, July 26, 1797. 
Benjamin Talbot Holmes, son of Benjamin and Martha, May 16, 1799. 
Nancy Gilmore, dau. of Patrick and Nancy, September 27, 1797. 
Jeremiah Fuller, son of Jeremiah and Polly, June 13, 1794. 
Joel Fuller, son of Jeremiah and Polly, December 13, 1796. 
Jesse Fuller, son of Jeremiah and Polly, September 20, 1801. 
Patty Hewins, dau. of Enoch, Jr., and Hannah, April 7, 1793. 
Hannah Hewins, dau. of Enoch, Jr., and Hannah, May 7, 1797. 
Fanny Hewins, dau. of Enoch, Jr., and Hannah, April 30, 1799. 
Nancy Gould, dau. of Ezra and Lois, November 7, 1780. 
Ezra Gould, son of Ezra and Lois, September 28, 1782. 
Luke Gould, son of Ezra and Lois, February 15, 1785. 
Hannah Gould, dau. of Ezra and Lois, May 13, 1787. 
Ezra Gould, son of Ezra and Lois, May 18, 1791. 
Chester Gould, son of Ezra and Lois, August 24, 1794. 
Lucy Gould, dau. of Ezra and Lois, April 29, 1799. 
Samuel Estey, son of Samuel and Elizabeth, December 25, 1797. 
Eliza Estey, dau. of Samuel and Elizabeth, September 16, 1799. 
George Estey, son of Samuel and Elizabeth, November 1, 1800. 
William Ingraham, son of Benjamin and Cinthy, November 5, 1791. 
Chloe Ingraham, dau. of Benjamin and Cinthy, February 11, 1795. 
Benjamin Ingraham, son of Benjamin and Cinthy, July 21, 1797. 
Lydia Ingraham, dau. of Benjamin and Cinthy, April 14, 1799. 
Lucy Billings, dau. of Jonathan and Lucy, August 27, 1777. 
Hartford Billings, son of Jonathan and Mary, Dec. 9, 1782. 
Hannah Billings, dau. of Jonathan and Mary, July 15, 1785. 
Polly Billings, dau. of Jonathan and Mary, January 25, 1788. 


Bradford Billings, son of Jonathan and Mary, Nov. 13, 1796. 
Rhoda Harlow, dau. of Ebenezer and Mary, May 14, 1802. 
Anna Fuller, dau. of Ebenezer and Esther, April 6, 1794. 
Ebenezer Fuller, son of Ebenezer and Esther, November 15, 1795. 
Otis Fuller, son of Ebenezer and Esther, May 14, 1797. 
Esther Fuller, dau. of Ebenezer and Esther, November 3, 1798. 
Eliza Fuller, dau. of Ebenezer and Esther, August 23, 1801. 
Oliver Holmes, son of Samuel, Jr. and Hannah, August 13, 1792. 
Otis Holmes, son of Samuel, Jr. and Hannah, October 16, 1793. 
Nancy Holmes, dau. of Samuel, Jr. and Hannah, January 13, 1795. 
Amos Holmes, son of Samuel, Jr. and Hannah, July 3, 1796. 
Hannah Holmes, dau. of Samuel, Jr. and Hannah, March 4, 1798. 
Rebecca Holmes, dau. of Samuel, Jr. and Hannah, April 15, 1800. 
Samuel Holmes, son of Samuel, Jr. and Hannah, October 29, 1801. 
Jonathan Holmes Cobb, son of Jonathan and Sebil, July 8, 1799. 
Nancy Miller Cobb, ) dau. of Jonathan and Sebil, February 18, 1801. 
Hepsy Miller Cobb, > dau. of Jonathan and Sebil, February 18, 180L 
Olive Estey, dau. of Lemuel and Hannah, March 24, 1793. 
Hannah Estey, dau. of Lemuel and Hannah, September 9, 1794. 
Milly Estey, dau. of Lemuel and Hannah, February 20, 1800. 
Alfred Curtis, son of Philip and Abigail, August 31, 1793. 
Nabby Curtis, dau. of Philip and Abigail, May 6, 1798. 
Rufus Curtis, son of Philip and Abigail, April 26, 1800. 
Alice Drake, dau. of David and Hannah, June 2, 1789. 
Otis Drake, son of David and Hannah, June 16, 1791. 
Mace Drake, son of David and Hannah, May 31, 1793. 
Charles Drake, son of David and Hannah, January 22, 1795, 
Rhoami Drake, dau. of David and Hannah, April 21, 1798. 
Live Drake, dau. of David and Hannah, April 21, 1801. 
William Savage son of William, Jr. and Susanna, November 30, 1802. 
Abner Morse, son of Gilead and Deliverance, January 16, 1780. 
Luther Morse, son of Gilead and Deliverance, May 8, 1782. 
Mary Billings, dau. of Joseph and Sibil, May 5, 1797. 
Ruthy Billings dau. of Joseph and Sibel, March 21, 1799. 
Sibel Billings, dau. of Joseph and Sibel, April 11, 1801. 
Eliza Fisher, dau. of Sarah Fisher, Oct. 7, 1802. 
Sarah Fisher, dau. of Jacob and Sarah, March 16, 1782. 
Lucy BuUard, dau. of Benjamin and Hannah, August 17, 1802. 
Mary Curtis, dau. of Francis and Lydia, May 10, 1802. 
Loring Holmes, son of Oliver and Lucy, January 16, 1801. 
Joseph Hewins, son of Jacob, Jr. and Hannah, November 27, 1784. 
Stillman Hewins, son of Jacob, Jr. and Hannah, May 19, 1788. 
Nathan Hewins, son of Jacob, Jr. and Hannah, September 24, 1790, 
Lucy Hewins, dau. of Jacob, Jr. and Hannah, November 4, 1792. 
Hannah Hewins, dau. of Jacob, Jr. and Hannah, March 15, 1795. 
Abigail Hewins, dau. of Jacob, Jr. and Hannah, October 29, 1797. 
Caroline VVhitaker, dau. of Rev. Jonathan and Mary, Dec. 22, 1802. 

(To be continued.) 

1897.] ANDREW DEXTER. 135 


To the Editor of the Register : — 

In the " Extracts from a Journal of Hon. George H. Kuhn," 
published in the Historical Register for July, and furnished 
by Mr. George K. Clarke, occurs an error, which you will be 
glad to correct. Under date of May 17, 1831, Mr. Kuhn is 
made to say : " Mr. S. N. Decker told us that his father (An- 
drew) was the first manufacturer of cotton cloth at Providence, 
forty years ago. " The reference is clearly to the late S. New- 
ton Dexter, of Whitestown, Oneida County, New York, who 
was a prominent wool manufacturer in New York State at that 
time, who went thither from Providence, and whose father's name 
was Andrew. Mr. Clarke informs me that in the manuscript of 
Mr. Kuhn the name is so indistinctly written that it might as 
easily be Dexter, as Decker ; and all the surrounding facts indi- 
cate that it was the former. 

As a further matter of interest to Dedham people, it may be 
stated that the Andrew Dexter of Providence, father of S. New- 
ton Dexter, referred to as the first cotton manufacturer in the 
United States, was the son of Samuel Dexter, the merchant, of 
Boston, who was the son of the Rev. Samuel Dexter, fourth 
minister of the first churcli of Dedham, who came to that pas- 
torate on May 6, 1721, and died in it on January 29, 1755. 

The statement that Andrew Dexter of Providence, was the 
first cotton manufacturer in the United States, needs to be 
taken with some allowance, as there were several ventures, prac- 
tically contemporaneous, ante-dating the advent of Samuel 
Slater, of which that of Mr. Dexter was one, and the Beverly 
(Mass.) Company another. In 1787, Mr. Dexter, in association 
with Lewis Peck, began the manufacture of jeans and other 
homespun cloth, of linen warp and cotton filling, with a spin- 
ning frame of 28 spindles, built for them by Daniel Anthony, 
after the model in possession of Hugh Orr, of Bridgewater, 
Mass., but not then in operation. This machine was first set up 
in a private house in Providence, and was afterwards removed 


to a chamber of the market house. Here a carding machine 
was added, and later, a spinning jenny of 32 spindles. The en- 
terprise was unsuccessful, and was sold in 1789 to Moses Brown, 
the equipment above described constituting the outfit of Almy 
& Brown when Samuel Slater arrived in Providence in 1790 to 
enter into partnership with them. 

The account of Andrew Dexter with the firm shows a 
charge in May, 1789, for a complete spinning jenny, £ 24,4s. 1 Od, 
and in 1790 for a jenny, carding and spinning frame, completed 
at the joint and equal expense of Andrew Dexter and Lewis 
Peck, X139, 15s. A machine for calendering cotton goods was 
also charged in 1790. (See J. L. Bishop's History of American 
Manufactures., Vohl, p. 402.) Mr. Bishop says that "although 
the Beverly (Mass.) establishment appears to have been the first 
for the manufacture of cotton by machinery that went into oper- 
ation in New England, there were at the date of the petition (of 
the Beverly stockholders) several rival establishments, of which 
that of Providence was the earliest. " Rev. W. R. Bagnall, in 
his history of '' The Textile Industries of the United States " 
(Vol. 1, page 149,) says: " It may be proper to state here that 
the trial of the spinning frame just referred to (that by Dexter 
and Peck) was the first experiment in this country with spin- 
ning machinery purporting to be of the Arkwright system. " 
According to these authorities, therefore. Dexter, Peck and An- 
thony have at least equal claim to the precedence. 

When Samuel Slater arrived in Providence and saw the ma- 
chines that had been purchased from Dexter and Peck, he "de- 
clined having anything to do with them, " and proceeded to 
build his own machines. Dexter and Peck did not succeed, 
while Samuel Slater did ; and no serious attempt will even be 
made to deny to the latter his title of •' father of the American 
cotton manufacture. " 

Permit me before closing, to call attention to what seems 
likely to be an error in Mrs. Whitmore's sketch of John Gold- 
ing, which appears in the same number of the Register. It is 
stated (page 77) that in 1823, at Mill Village (Dedham) Mr. 

1897.] THE AMES DIARY. 137 

Golding " put in and ran the first broad looms, driven by power, 
in tlie world. " If this is true, it is an important and interesting 
discovery. Mr. Thaddeus Clapp, an authority on the industrial 
history of Berkshire County, has written, '' I have always heard 
that the first power looms in use were started in Pittsfield about 
1826. " The Hamilton Company, at Southbridge, started them 
in 1823, which is the earliest date of which I have found record; 
and it is certain that these were narrow looms. My informa- 
tion is that there were no broad looms used anywhere, prior to 
1828. If Mrs. Whitmore can authenticate her statement re- 
garding Mr. Golding, she will render a service to the history of 
the New England textile manufacture. 

S. N. Dexter North. 


By Edxa Frances Calder. 

(Continued from page 91.) 

June, 1798. 
7 All Connexion with the French forbid by Traitors in Congress 
who carried a Law. 

10 Tallyrand resided some time in Boston. 
14 Geni Court give up all, to President U. S. 

16 Cold enough for Surtout, people travel with great Caution. 

17 Frenchmen abus'd in Boston their cockades torn off & trampled. 

19 Ch. Talleyrand M'" of France ^ive complete answer of the Direc- 
tory to our Envoys who will treat only with Gerry & convicts our Ex've 
of rash ungenerous conduct! but still our traiterousServ'ts bellow War 
against France. 

25 Wiliard Gay bo't Clap's 2833.dol. 33 or £ 850.0.0. 

27 Capt. Lyon offers his Farm 3000 dols to me 168 acres. 

18 Felton sold to Wakefield 2200 i°i^ 

The most uncouth Syren ever seen, a Spy on me, is M. Harris. 

29 Mille Harris went oft' privately paid her all July. 

30 A subscription paper presented me for a dinner at Gay's 4"» July 
in a mixed medley of British & Americans but as Gov't has defeated the 
best objects of Independence I told them I chose to consider yet if the 
Gay bill &c : is cram'd down our jaws as well as Stamp Act &c : direct 
taxes &c : 


1 Stamp Act cram'd down by imps of Britain. 

2 Kec'd the Bee and letter from Charles Holt the publisher. 

3 War against France in elfect, contrary to wish of Landlords. 

4 In face & Eyes when half seas over an address obtained to 
President, but the great Mass of People said "Alliance with France de- 
fiance to I3ritain. " 

5 Tools of F. A. work hard to get Signers to an address. 

138 NOTES. 

The Freeholders of this town grumbling: at the High Fed. frolic 
& make great stir for counter address but stop short. 

8 Eb'' Blunderbuss Parsons knock off Fr. Gent. Cockade. 

10 Sent Lett, to S. J. Mason with address to President & Lett, to 
N. Tracy. 

11 blessed rain. J. Varnum in Congress a turncoat & is for War 
vs. France. 

12 Wrote to E. Livingston & Varnum a turncoat. 

13 American Capt Smith 12 guns 12*^ taken by Fr. Privateer of 4g. 
4'^ War begun. 

14 Dedham Address occasions much quarrelling & Caricature pic- 
tures on Bridle Coat of Arms, rev'd Mr. B. & others and produces 
counter address from most of the Landholders in Dedham. 

17 Ct at Gay's Baxter vs Holbrook not admitted to O. 

19 Dedham Ch'h consec. Bishop Bass. 

20 Because I decently exercise the right of speech & press like an in- 
dependent Republican my Friends fear for me, while I am in no danger 
of being hang d for treason ! 

(To be continued.) 


2. In the July number I published extracts from a Journal of 
Hon. George H. Kuhn, relative to early manufacturing in Dedham 
and vicinity. Asfinally printed, the article contains certain departures 
from the text of the original manuscript, viz: — On page 92, under 
date of February 25, fourteen lines from the top of the page, for "the 
diameter of the wheel " read the diameter of the a wheel. The letter 
"a" apparently designated a particular wheel. On page 93, second 
line, for "Thursday," read thursday ; fourth line for "Friday," read 
friday. Mr. S. N. Dexter North informs me that his grandfather, 
S. N. Dexter, is identical with the S. N. Decker referred to on page 
93, tenth line. The name is somewhat blurred in the Journal, but 
looks like Decker. On page 94, last line of the article, for " 7700 ps" 
read 7800 ps. The difference of 100 pieces is material. 

As an addition to the biographical notes concerning Mr. Kuhn, 
which appeared in the April number, it may be worth while to men- 
tion the fact that he was a member of the Bunker Hill Monument 
Association for fifty-four years. G. K. C. 

3. Philip Draper. "At a late meeting of the Censors of the 
Massachusetts Medical Society, the following Gentlemen Candi- 
dates for the practice of Physick and Surgery, were examined, and 
approved, viz. Nathaniel Parker, A. B. of Reading, Philip 
Draper, A. B. of Dedham, in this Commonwealth, and Nathaniel 
Appleton Haven A. M. of Portsmouth, New-Hampshire." 
[From" The Boston Magazine " for December, 1783.] 

By this action the above-named persons were granted " letters 
testimonial " of their ability to practise their profession, which letters 
filled the place of the modern diploma. A. B. P. 


Abington, 3lass., 84, 85. 

Adams, 17, 18, 20, 23,32, 85, 102, 117. 

Aiers, 41, 42. 

Akley, 20. 

Alden, 14, 38, 96, 128, 129. 

Allen, 32, 34, 52, 73, 77, 129, 132. 

Allerton, 65. 

Alleyne, 43. 

Alline, 39. 

Almy, 136. 

Ames, 62, 64. 

Ames Diary, 27, 28, 54-56, 90, 91,137. 

Amherst, N. if., 124. 

Andover, Mass., 8, 43, 84. 

Andre, 73, 74. 

Andrew, 79-81, 82. 

Anthony, 135, 136. 

Appleton, 91. 

Arciilas, 74. 

Arlington, 3fass., 124, 125. 

Arms, 25. 

Armsby, 86. 

Arnold, 73. 

Ashburnham, 3fass., 51, 105. 

Aspinwal, 90. 

Atherton, 57. 

Attleborougli, 3fass., 5. 

Augusta, 3fe., 118, 120. 

Avery, 22, 87, 107. 

Avon, Me., Ill, 115, 116. 

Ayling, 128. 

Bacon, 10. 

Badlam, 64. 

Bagnall, 136. 

Bailey, 109, 112. 

Baker, 6, 7, 9-14, 20, 23. 34-36, 52, 54, 

56, 57, 59, 88, 89, 95, 132. 
Balch, 32. 
Baldwin, 45. 
Bangor, Me., 97, 98. 
Barber, 86, 87, 100. 
Bardwell, 88. 
Barrows, 77, 91, 93. 
Barry, 112. 
Barton, 120. 
Basfield, 116, 
Bassett, 30, 132. 
Battle, 52, 88. 
Battelle, 26. 
Baxter, 97-104. 
Beal, 116. 
Beaumont, 8. 

Belcher, 14, 20, 29, 31, 96. 

Belgrade, Me., 118. 

Bellingham, Mass., 6, 17. 

Bennett, 124. 

Beverly, 3fass., 135, 136. 

Bigelow, 49, 93, 124. 

Bill. 22. 

Bills, 124. 

Billings, 13, 22, 29-31, 59, 94, 95, 132- 

Bird, 93, 126, 130. 
Bishop, 136. 
Blake, 13, 42, 43. 
Blanden, 127. 
Blasland, 86. 
Blenus, 11. 
Bonney, 76, 112. 

Boston, 9, 18, 39, 40, 49, 79, 125, 
Boston & Providence Railroad, 

Bosworth, 77, 102. 
Bourne, 5, 6. 
Boutelle, 7. 
Boyd, 61. 
Boyden, 99. 
Boynton, 127, 128. 
Brackett, 6, 23. 
Bradeen, 5. 
Bradford, 14. 
Bradley, 8. 
Brads haw, 57, 59. 

Braintree, 3fass., 7,14,32,99-103,107. 
Brewer, 3Ie., 86, 123. 
Bridgman, 104. 
Bridge water, Mass., 135. 
Briggs, 6, 50, 117. 
Bristol, R. I., 103. 
Brock, 106. 

Brookfield, Mass., 101. 
Brookline, Mass., 7. 
Brown, 23, 61, 125, 136. 
Brown University, 42, 85, 124. 
Buck, 128. 

Buckminster, 52, 101. 
Bullard, 20, 27, 35, 37, 57, 72, 99, 132, 

Bullen, 130. 
Burdakin, 61, 63, 07. 
Burgess, 8, 9, 112. 
Buriey, 130. 
Burr, 67. 
Bussey. 77. 
Butterfield, 123. 



Cabot, Vt, 52. 

Calder, 27, 54, 90, 137. 

Cambridge, Mass., 124. 

Cameron, 59, 60, 61. 

Candliss, 96. 

Canton. Mass., 5, 8, 44, 66, 84, 92. 

Capen, 30. 

Capron, 47. 

Carbee, 20. 

Cardey, 20. 

Cargill. 130. 

Carter, 51. 

Case, 112, 118. 

Chandler, 112, 118. 

Chapin, 45. 

Chaplin, 36. 

Chapman, 12. 

Charlestown, Mass., 96, 99, 125. 

Chase, 35, 129. 

Chelmsford, 3fass., 76, 77, 99. 

Chenery, 71, 72. 

Cheney, 34. 

Chickering, 20, 25, 43, 110. 

Child, 5. 

Choate, 34, 35. 

Chubb, 26. 

Church. 114. 

Clapp, 6, 30, 57, 59, 106, 108, 110, 133, 

Claremont, N. H., 51. 
Clark, 7, 8, 18, 26, 31, 57, 108-110. 
Clarke, 50, 135, 138. 
Cleverly, 24. 
Cobb, 57, 86, 134. 
Coburn, 77. 
Coggins, 119. 
Cogswell, 88. 
Colburn, 6, 7-9, 20, 27, 33, 34, 53, 54, 

85, 88, 89, 130. 
Colby, 78. 
Colcord, 124. 
Cole, 73, 74. 
Coller, 131. 
Collins, 130. 
Comings, 29, 133. 
Concord, 3fass., 71. 
Conev, 29, 92. 
Cook; 20, 88. 
Copley, 63. 
Cornecher, 89. 
Corthell, 84. 
Cotting, 83, 125. 
Cowan, 108, 110. 
Covell, 6. 
Cox, 44. 

Cresson, 126, 128. 
Crosby, 26, 51, 85, 86. 
Croswell, 117. 
Crowser. 22. 

Curd, 91. 

Curtis, 65, 94, 133, 134. 
Gushing, 86. 
Cushman, 65. 

Dabney, 32. 

Damon, 23, 123. 

Dana, 11, 23. 

Danforth, 101. 

Daniell, 26, 125. 

Danville, Vt., 52. 

Davenport, 20, 22, 43, 126. 

Davies, 60, 61. 

Davis, 22, 52, 127. 

Day, 48, 131. 

Dean, 5, 6, 20, 22, 23, 34, 41, 53, 89. 

Decatur, 96. 

Dedham Branch Railroad, 68. 

Dedhamlnstitu'n for Savings,43,67. 

Dedham Historical Society,14,67,79. 

Deerfield, N. H., 25, 111. 

De Normandie, 18. 

Derby, 100. 

Dewing, 86, 126. 

Dexter, 24, 31, 32, 93, 135-138. 

Dix, 27, 53, 89. 

Dodge, 122. 

Dogget, 23. 

Donkin, 59, 60, 61. 

Dorchester, Mass., 32, 38, 39, 45, 65, 

75, 86, 122. 
Dunn, 102. 
Durgin, 44. 
Dwight, 65. 
Dyke, 45. 
Dover, JV. H., 51. 
Dover, 3fass., 33, 52, 93, 95, 129, 131. 
Dow, 111. 
Dowse, 6Q. 
Drake, 29-31, 134. 
Draper, 7, 34, 52, 53, 59, 60, 

61, 65, 123, 138. 
Dyer, 101. 

Earle, 22. 

Eaton. 22, 23, 34-36, 38, 41, 130. 

Eddy, 57. 

Edes, 130. 

Edmunds, 78. 

Edwards, 85. 

Eliot, 18, 65, 100. 

Eliot Manuf. Companv, 49, 91, 93. 

Ellis, 20, 34-36, 51-53, 68, 88, 89, 100. 

Endicott, 82. 

Estey, 29, 31. 133, 134. 

Everett, 20, 22, 23, 29, 30, 31, 57, 86, 

87, 89, 132. 
Exeter, N. H., 40, 41. 



Fairbanks, 1-4, 20, 23, 53, 54, 65, 84, 

88, 96, 100, 104, 105, 113, 1J4, 132. 
Tales, 20, 22, 23, 35, 132. 
Fall River, Mass., 43, 84. 
Farley, 21, 54. 
Farmirigton, Me., 11 Y. 
Farnham, 124. 

Farrington, 20, 22, 38, 52, 54, 89. 
Faxon, 107. 
Felch, 58, 95, 96. 
Fessenden, 87. 
Fisher, 11, 20, 23, 25-27, 32-37, 50-52, 

58, 85-88, 94, 102, 106-109, 130-134. 
Fisk, 98, 99, 101, 107. 
Flagg, 48, 126. 
Fleart, 22. 
Folsom, 32, 59, 60. 
Foord, 42, 43. 
Foster, 38, 107, 113. 
Fowle, 102. 

Foxboroiigh, Mass., 13, 96, 127. 
Framingham, Mass., 51, 57, 92, 101, 

Franklin Co., 3fe., 114. 
Frary, 100. 
Fraser, 60. 
Freeman, 6. 
French, 33, 34, 35. 
Fuller, 20, 22-25, 30,31, 84,94,126-131, 

133, 134. 
Furlong, 34, 36. 

Gardner, 83, 101, 124, 125. 

Gannett, 57, 58, 94. 

Gary, 100. 

Gay, 5, 7, 9, 14, 20-23, 25, 29, 52-54, 

56, 62, 89. 
George, 103. 
Gibbs, 25. 
Gill, 21, 89. 
Gilmore, 133. 
Glover, 51. 
Goddard, 109, 118. 
Golding, 76-78, 136, 137. 
Goodale, 131. 
Gookin, 41. 
Gould, 57, 132, 133. 
Gowing, 106. 
Green, 19, 75. 
Greenleaf. 7. 
Greenwood, 95, 125. 
Grover, 13. 
Guest, 130. 
Guild, 9, 10, 11, 20, 21, 45, 48, 65-69. 

85, 80, 104, 109, 123, 132. 

Hagar, 126. 

Hale, 96. 

Haley, 116. 

Halifax, Mass., 77. 

Hamant, 102. 

Hamlet, 5. 

Hammond, 112. 

Hampton, xV. H., 39, 40. 

Harlow, 31, 57, 59, 94, 134. 

Harris, 30. 

Hartshorn, 100. 

Harvard College, 8, 49, 98, 101, 124. 

Harwood, 97, 102. 

Haskell, 49. 

Hastings. 27. 

Hatfield, 102. 

Hathaway, 34. 

Haven, 7, 51, 127, 138. 

Hawes, 7, 22, 31, 108, 110. 

Hayward, 103. 

Head, 92. 

Heath, 27, 51, 53, 88. 

Henion, 117. 

Herring, 54, 89. 

Heslop, 41. 

He wins, 29-31, 57, 72, 88, 94, 133,1^4. 

Hill, 14, 36, 59, 61. 64, 96. 

Hixon, 44. 

Hixson, 29, 133. 

Hingham, Mass., 75. 

Hobart, 24, 77. 

Hodgdon, 28. 

Hodges, 92. 

Holbrook, 17. 

Holden, 87. 

Holliston, Mass., 6. 

Holmes, 9, 12, 14, 29, 30, 50, 57,58,83, 

133, 134. 
Holt, 128. 
Holten, 21. 

Hookset,i\^.IZ"., 66, 67. 
Hotten, 54. 
Houlton, Me., 111. 
Howard, 86, 123. 
How, 130. 
Howe, 51. 62. 8Q. 
Howland, 88. 
Hubbard, 93. 
Hubbardston, 3fass., 87. 
Humphrey, 21, 61. 
Hunting, 22, 25, 26, 50, 65, 126. 
Huntoon, 115. 
Hurd, 128. 
Huse, 111. 

Ide, 57. 
In gal Is, 49. 
Ingraham, 5, 133. 
Ivers, 10. 



Jackson, 32. 

Jackson Maniif. Company, 91. 

James, SI. 

Janvrin, 50, 

Jewell, 71. 

Johnson, 29, 53, 57-59, 12G, 127. 

Jones, 1. 

Jordan, 95. 

Kearsarge, 64. 

Keelan, 12. 

Kelsey, 52. 

Kempton, 112. 

Kidder, 47. 

Kllbroth, 117. 

Kinel, 38. 

King, 111. 

Kingman, 12. 

Kingsbury. 11, 22, 23, 25, 32, 52, 58, 

126-128, 130. 
Kissel, 32. 
Kohler, 48. 
Kollock, 133. 
Kuhn, 91-94, 48-50, 135, 138. 

Ladd, 111. 

Laforme, 36. 

Lamson, 61. 

Lancaster, Mass., 51, 128. 

Lane, 107. 

Lathrop, 81. 

Lawrence, 92, 123. 

Lee, 81, 103, 105. 

Leeds, Jie., 109, 112. 

Leonard, 30, 57, 133. 

Levant, Me., 123. 

Lewis, 21, 22, 31, 44, 53, 83, 130, 132. 

Lexington, Mass., 52, 71, 72. 

Libby, 119. 

Limerick, Me., 119. 

Lincoln, 101. 

Lisherness, 119, 

Litchfield, Me., 112, 117. 

Locke, 34, 35. 

Loring, 14. 

Louisburg, 59-61, 73, 107. 

Lovell, 31, 110. 

Lowell, 50, 76, 84, 92, 114, 115, 119. 

Lyman, 101. 

Lynch, 32. 

Lynnfield. Mass., 106. 

Lynn.. 23, 108. 

McDonougb, 96. 
Mclntire, 85. 
Mcintosh, 95. 
McLaughlin, 35. 
Macomber, 112. 
Madrid, Me., 115. 

Man, 22, 72, 73. 

Manchester, Me., 109, 117. 

Mandley, 58. 

Man ley, 94. 

Mann, 29, 57, 72, 73, 94, 100, 132. 

Mansfield, 3fass., 13. 

Mansfield, 36. 

Marblehead, 31ass., 128. 

Marshall, 32. 

Martin, 45. 

Mason, 18, 23, 25, 52, 72, 97, 98, 102, 

Mather, 103. 
Mathies, 87. 
Mav, 130. 
Medfield, Mass., 13, 15, 17, 18, 19,25, 

26, 52. 70-76, 86, 97-103. 
Medford, Mass., 118, 125. 
Medford, N. H., 130. 
Medway, Mass., 15, 17, 19, 84, 110. 
Melvin, 43. 
Merrick, 101. 
Messinger, 67. 
Metcalf, 21-26, 42, 54, 56, 65, 86, 87, 

105, 131. 
Middleboro, Mass,, 6, 114, 124. 
Middlebury, Vt., 123. 
Miller, 114, 116, 117. 
Mills, 50, 126, 127, 129, 130. 
Milton, Jf ass., 6. 40, 43, 122, 123, 125. 
Monmouth, Me., 113. 
Moody, 21. 
Morefleld, 93. 
Morrill, 8. 
Morse, 7, 21, 25, 29, 30, 43, 100, 101, 

108, 124, 134. 
Morton, 21, 42, 53, 54, 59. 
Moulton, 119. 
Mo wry, 47. 

Marlborough, Mass., 123. 
Mulverhill, 34. 
Murdock, 45. 

Muster Rolls, 20-24, 52-54, 88, 89. 
Myrick, 123. 

Nahatan, 36. 

Natick,3fass.,26,43. 44. 51,86,93,124. 

Needham, Mass,, 25, 26, 51, 52, 86, 

95, 125. 
New Braintree, Mass., 87, 88. 
Newbury port, Mass., 84. 
Newell, 20, 44, 50, 93, 129. 
Newton, 3iass., 26, 124, 128, 131. 
Nichols, 93. 
Nickerson, 65, 128. 
Nipmuck Indians, 106. 
Norcross, 87. 
North, 137, 138. 
Northampton, Mass., 8, 87, 131. 



Northboro, Mass., 43. 

Korthfield, Mass., 98. 

Norton, 112. 

Norwich, Mass.y 131. 

Norwood, 3[ass., 8, 9,81, 84, 86, 107. 

Noyes, 8, 9. 

Ocinton, 23. 
Onion, 22, 53, 89, 124. 
Orr, 135. 
Osgood, 52, on. 

Packard, 111. 

Paddy, 100. 

Page, 39, 40, 100, 138. 

Palmer, 127. 

Parker, 27, 34, 80, 138. 

Parkhurst, 51. 

Partridge, 14-19. 

Paul, 22. 

Payne, 41. 

Peabody, 101. 

Peck, 135, 136. 

Penniman, 106, 107. 

Perkins, 5. 

Perry, 23, 65. 

Peru, Me., 113. 

Peters, 72. 

Pettee, 29, 89. 

Phillips, 42. 

Phillips, Me., 106, 111, 112, 113, 114, 

115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120. 
Phillips Academy, 8, 84. 
Pierce, 6, 125. 
Pitt, 64. 
Pittee, 21. 

Pittsfield, Mass., 137. 
Plaisted, 114. 
Plimpton, 52, 69. 
Plymouth, Mass., 43, 65. 
Plympton, 83. 
Pond, 10, 56. 
Porter, 109. 

Portsmouth, N. H., 138. 
Pratt, 26, 122, 124. 
Princeton, Mass., 87, 102. 
Providence, M. L, 132, 135, 136. 
Putnam, 49. 

Quincy, 24, 98, 101. 

Rand, 128. 

Randall, 29-31. 

Randlett, 113. 

Rawson, 54. 

Read. 102. 

Reading, 3fass., 106. 

Rebellion, 78-83. 

Readville, Mass., 8, 79, 81, 82. 

Reed. 51, 84. 

Rehoboth, 3Iass., 5. 

Reynolds, 9, 34, 95. 

Rhoads, 57. 

Richards. 6, 8, 20-23, 29-31, 44, 45, 51, 

53, 87, 89, 90, 131. 
Richardson, 30, 45. 
Richmond, Me., 118. 
Robbins, 106-122. 
Robinson, 86. 

Rochester, N. H., 50, 51, 128. 
Rockwood, 118. 
Rogers, 118. 
Rohen, 34. 
Roxbury, 3fass., 7, 42, 51, 80, 84,100, 

101, 124. 
Ruggles, 21. 
Russell, 10, 11, 13, 33, 81, 87. 

Saffin, 103, 104. 

Sanbornton, N. H., 26. 

Sanderson, 39. 

Sanders. 26, 97, 103. 

Savage, 39, 113, 134. 

Savels, 57, 94. 

Sawyer, 127, 128. 

Schlusemeyer, 34. 

Schools, 5-9, 42-44, 83-85, 122-125. 

Schuyler, 108, 110. 

Scituate, 84. 

Seabury, 21, 65. 

Searle, 92. 

Sewall, 100, 103. 

Sharon. Mass., 5,6, 29, 44, 57, 94, 132. 

Shaw, 78-83, 93, 114, 116. 

Shepard, 19, 21, 23, 58, 132. 

Shorey, 67. 

Shrewsbury, 3fass., 76. 

Shrewsbury, Vt., 10. 

Shuttleworth, 62. 

Sidney, Me., 109, 112. 

Simpkins, 80, 81. 

Skates, 5. 

Slafter, 5, 42, 61, 62, 64, 66, 83,122. 

Slater, 93, 135, 136. 

Slatersville, B. I., 123. 

Slocomb, 102. 

Smith, 6, 11, 21, 23, 27, 29-31, 36. 38- 

42. 51,54, 57, 59, 64,72,74,89,90,95,96, 

105, 112, 116, 123, 130. 
Snelling, 49. 

Southbridge, Mass., 137. 
Spare, 6. 
Spencer, 45. 
Spooner, 122. 
Sprague, 27. 
Spring, 47. 

Springfield, Mass., 44. 
Springfield, N. H., 51. 



Star, 22. 
Starkweather, 89. 

Starrett, 13. 

Stearns, 5, 7. 

Stedman, 27, 51, 129. 

Stevens, 21. 

Stone, 83, 92, 113, 115. 

Story, 129. 

Stoughtonham, Mass., 29-31. 57-59, 

94, 95, 
Stow, 21. 
Stow, Mass., 25, 101. 
Stowell, 21, 23, 25. 
Stratton, 41. 
Strong, Me., 115. 
Sturbridge, Mass., 27. 
Sudbnry, 3Iass., 87. 
Sumner, 20, 53. 
Swanzey, N. H., 126, 128. 
Swift, 31. 
Sylvester, 111. 
Symmes, 99. 

Taft, 45-48, 65-67, 123. 

Talbot, 6, 44, 106, 114, 13:3. 

Talcott, 32. 

Taunton, Mass., 5, 42. 

Teel, 124. 

Templeton, Mass., 76. 

Thatcher, 113. 

Thayer, 124. 

Thomas, 82, 113. 

Thomson, 44. 

Thorp, 20, 21. 

Thurber, 47. 

Tibbetts, 50. 

Tilden, 17, 70. 

Tillinghast, 100. 

Tisdale, 25, 33, 58, 72, 73, 94, 95, 129. 

Titcomb, 108. 

Tolman, 29-31, 86. 

Tony, 29. 

Tucker, 39, 40. 

Tupper, 30. 

Turner, 10. 

Tuttle, 61. 

Tyler, 7. 

Tyringham, Mass., 27. 

Upham, 27. 

Upton, 3£ass., 45, 84. 

Uxbridge, Mass.,Ab, 46, 122. 

Wadsworth, 109, 113. 
AVagner, 62, 64. 
Wakefield, 83. 
Waldoboro, Me., 118. 
Wales, 88. 
Walker, 34, 44, 90, 121. 

Wallev 34. 

Walpole,irass., 7, 33,44, 83, 106-109, 

111, 112, 124, 132. 
Walpole, iV. H., 124, 125. 
Waltham, Mass., 130. 
Ward, 91. 

Wardsboro, Vt., 26, 27. 
Ware, 65, 105, 127, 131. 
Warner, 86. 
Warren, 48, 64, 75. 
Washburn, 128, 131. 
Watertown, Mass., 41, 54, 102. 
Watts, 83. 
Weatherbee, 23, 34. 
Weaver 42. 
Webster, Mass., 106. 
Weeks, 12, 113. 
Weld, 12. 
Wells, 118. 
AVenham, Mass.. 99. 
West, 100. 

West Cambridge, Mass., 125. 
West Corinth, life., 123. 
Westhampton, 31ass., 88, 131. 
Weston, Mass., 51, 126. 
West Roxbury, Mass., 7, 80. 
West wood, 31ass., 33-37. 
W^ey mouth, Mass., 101. 
Wheaton, 47, 48, 123. 
AVheelock, 8, 19, 73, 102. 
Wheelwright, 40. 
Whitaker, 94, 132, 134. 
White, 29, 38, 41, 101, 109, 118. 
Whiting, 10, 22, 23, 25, 50, 53, 65, 78, 

83, 89, 118, 130. 
Whitmore, 76, 136, 137. 
Whitney, 26, 43, 45, 61, 117, 122, 123. 
Wiggin, 114. 
Wight, 21, 23, 102. 
Wilbur, 115. 
Wilde, 7. 
Willard, 50. 
Williams, 92, 113. 
Wilson, 22, 56, 97, 100, 131. 
Wilton, 31e., 112. 
Windsor, Vt, 62. 
Wing, 109, 115. 
Win slow, 78. 
AVinthrop, Me., 106-118. 
AViscasset, Me., 113, 115. 
AVithington, 30, 31. 
AVolcott. 37. 
AVood, 45, 66, 73, 154. 
Woodcock, 51, 65, 128, 131. 
Woodward, 7, 23, 36, 127. 
AVorcester, Mass.. 46, 47, 76, 101. 
AVorthington. 36, 61, 63. 64, 78. 
AVrentham. Mass., 17, 26, 102, 130. 
Wyrley, 103. 





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SCHOOJLS AND TEACHERS, DEDHAM. {To he continued.) . 7 

Carlos Slafter. 

Etc. 1629-1800. ..... Howard B.' Guild. 


MOSES AND AARON LEWIS. . . . George H. Lewis . 16 

DEDHAM IN THE REBELLION. {To he continued.) . . 19 

Joseph H. Lathrop. 

WRENTHAM BIRTHS, 1709-1714 26 


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THE AMES DIARY, Extracts. {Tohecont.) Edna F. Colder. 33 

THE WILL OF ESTHER HUNTING. . . John E. Alden. 34 

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The Avery School, Frontispiece. 


CAPTAIN JOSEPH GUILD, . . Mrs. George F. Fisher 


Carlos Slafter 

PARTRIDGE FAMILY, .... Lyman Partridge 

CARRIAGES BEFORE 1776, .... G. W. Ernst 


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DEDHAM IN THE REBELLION. (To be continued.) 

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THE AMES DIARY, Extracts. {To he cojit,) Edna F. Galder 









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Hannah Adams, Frontispiece. 


PARTRIDGE FAMILY, .... Lyman Partridge. 100 

SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS, DEDHAM. {To be continued.) . 106 

Carlos Slafter. 


Dora Biley, 


Joseph H. Lathrop. 

THE AMES DIARY, Extracts. {To he cont.) Edna F. Calder. 115 




QUERY, Joel Metcalfs Ancestors, 122 

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2. Record of Baptisms. Marriages and Deaths from Dedham Church Records, and 
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4. Proceedings of 250th Anniversary of Dedham, Sept. 21, 1886. 8vo. cl. 214 pp. $1.15 

5. Commemorative Services of 250th Anniversary of First Church in Dedham, Nov. 
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7. An Alphabetical Abstract of the Record of Births in the Town of Dedham, 
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Edition, 50 copies, $3.75 

VII. October, 1896. 

No. 4. I* 





Associate Editors, 


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Half-tone of the homestead of Thomas Wight, .... 123 
Belief plate, showing westerly face of Pillar of Liberty, . . 123 
Belief plate, showing Thomas Wight's Grant, .... 147 


COLONIES, Carlos Slafter. 123 

THE AARON SMITH PUZZLE, . George Kuhn Clarke, 136 

MANN FAMILY, Dedhara Branch, Mrs. Anna M. Pickford. 140 

THE AMES DIARY, Extracts. {To be conU) Edna F. Colder. 145 

HOMESTEAD OF THOMAS WIGHT, 1637-1652. ... 147 

REVELATIONS OF GENEALOGY, Partridge Family. . 148 

Lyman Partridge. 

THE FISHER FAMILY, ..... Philip A. Fisher. 154 

Query. Thomas— Edwards— Metcalf. .... 156 
Reply. Metcalf Family. 156 

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whole may be quickly and conveniently drawn out, like a fan, for ready reference to any 
part. Spaces for the names of ancestors and dates of births, marriages and deaths are 
given, and room for additional notes is found on the back of the sheet. This chart is 
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Is issued every Saturday morning, and is the only paper in the County 
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in the shire town. Especial attention is also given to the doings in 
the Probate and Insolvency Courts. Faithful correspondents in 
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interest to residents, as well as to those of Xorfolk County who have 
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Dedham, Mass., July 1, 189G. 


The following books will be sent postpaid on the receipt of price. Address 

DON GLEASON HILL, Town Clerk, Dedham, Mass. 

1. Record of Births, Marriages and Deaths, from Dedham Town Clerk's Records. 
Vols. I and II. 1635-1845. Ed. by D. G. Hill, 1886. 8vo. cl. v, 286 pp. . . . $3.25 

2. Record of Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths from Dedham Church Records, and 
Cemetery Inscriptions , 163 8-1845. Ed. by D. G. Hill, 1888. 8vo. cl. xii,348 dd. . i8!2.25 



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utiundLii, ^uHs^s., -J my i, lisi/o. 


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DON GLEASON HILL, Town Clerk, Dedham. Mass. 

1. Record of Births, Marriages and Deaths, from Dedham Town Clerk's Records. 
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2. Record of Baptisms. Marriages and Deaths from Dedham Church Records, and 
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3. The Early Records of the Town of Dedham, 1636-1659 .... Illustrated with 
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4. Proceedings of 250th Anniversary of Dedham, Sept. 21, 1886. 8vo. cl. 214 pp. $1.15 

5. Commemorative Services of 250th Anniversary of First Church in Dedham, Nov. 
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6. Historical Catalogue of Dedham High School 8vo. cl. 214 pp. Illustrated. $1.50 

7. An Alphabetical Abstract of the Record of Births in the Town of Dedham, 
1844-1890. Compiled by D. G. Hill, Town Clerk, 1894. 8vo. cl. xviii, 206 pp. . . $1.25 

8. The Early Records of the Town of Dedham, 1659-1673. . . . Illustrated with fac- 
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9. An Alphabetical Abstract of the Record of Deaths in the Town of Dedham, 1844- 
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11. Record of Town Meetings and Abstract of Births, Marriages and Deaths, in 
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Edition, 50 copies, $3.75 


NO. 1. 1' 




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Photogravure of the old Fairhanks House. . . Frontispiece. 

Heliotype of David Addison Baker 9 

Half-tone of Bus sell & Baker* s Factory 12 

THE OLD FAIRBANKS HOUSE. . Alvin Lincoln Jones. 1 

SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS, DEDHAM, (To he continued.) . 5 

Carlos Slafter. 

REVELATIONS OF GENEALOGY, Partridge Family. . 14 

Lyman Partridge. 
REVOLUTIONARY MUSTER ROLLS. I. {To he continued.) 20 


THE FISHER FAMILY, {To he continued.) Philip A. Fisher. 25 

THE AMES diary; Extracts. {To he cont.) Edna F. Calder. 27 


REV. THOMAS BALCH A. A. Folsom. 32 



1. Parentage of Samuel Allen. 2. The Kingsbury Family. 

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Published under the auspices of the Dedham Historical Society. 

"Mr. Tuttle's device is a circular cliart of stout jute paper, folded in sectors, and com- 
pactly secured in a triangular cover (7x16). Wlien fully spread out, it is tliirt\-two inches 
in diameter, and presents the entire ancestry to the eye at once. Ordinarily, when in 
use, only two sectors are exposed in the same manner as the pages of a book; but the 
whole may be quickly and conveniently drawn out, like a fan, for ready reference to any 
part Spaces for the names of ancestors and dates of births, marriages and deaths are 
given, and room for additional notes is found on the back of the sheet. This chart is 
very simple, easily manipulated, and shows the direct connection with any ancestor. 
Copyrighted." (New Eng. Hist. & Gen. Reg., Oct., 1895, p. 469.) 

3E*rioo, $1.00. 

iJl)e JDeMiam iSranscript 

Is issued every Saturday morning, and is the only paper in the County 
giving the proceedings of the Civil and Criminal terms of Court held 
in the shire town. Especial attention is also given to the doings in 
the Probate and Insolvency Courts. Faithful correspondents in 
nearly every town in the County keep the reader posted on the local 
happenings from week to week, which will be found of especial 
interest to residents, as well as to those of Norfolk County who have 
migrated to distant parts of the country. 

The subscription price is Two Dollars a Tear, in advance, in- 
cluding postage. 


Dedham, Mass., July 1, 1896. 


The following books will be sent postpaid on tbe receipt of price. Address 

DON GLEASON HILL, Town Clerk, Dedham, Mass. 

1. Record of Births, Marriages and Deaths, from Dedham Town Clerk's Records. 
Vols. I and II. 1635-1845. Ed. by D. G. Hill, 1886. 8vo. cl. V, 286 pp. . . . $3.25 

2. Record of Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths from Dedham Church Records, and 
Cemetery Inscriptions, 1638-1845. Ed. by D. G. Hill, 1888. 8vo. cl. xii, 348 pp. . $2.25 

3. The Early Records of the Town of Dedham, 1636-1659 .... Illustrated with 
f ac-similes ... Ed. by D. G. Hill, 1892. 8 vo. cl. xvi, 238 pp $2.00 

4. Proceedings of 250th Anniversary of Dedham, Sept. 21, 1886. 8vo. cl. 214 pp. $1.15 

5. Commemorative Services of 250th Anniversary of First Church in Dedham, Nov. 
18 and 19, 1888. 8vo. cl. 114 pp. [Edition nearly gone.] ....... $3.12 

6. Historical Catalogue of Dedham High School 8vo. cl. 214 pp. Illustrated. $1.50 

7. An Alphabetical Abstract of the Record of Births in the Town of Dedham, 
1844-1890. Compiled by D. G. Hill, Town Clerk, 1894. 8vo. cl. xvin, 206 pp. . . $1.25 

8. The Early Records of the Town of Dedham, 1659-1673. . . . Illustrated with fac- 
similes. ... Ed. by D. G. Hill. 1894. 8vo. cl. x, 304 pp $2.00 

9. An Alphabetical Abstract of the Record of Deaths in the Town of Dedham, 1844- 
1890. Compiled by D. G. Hill, 1895. 8vo. cl., ix.,217pp. ...... $1.25 

10. An Alphabetical Abstract of the Record of Marriages in the Town of Dedham. 
1844-1890, Compiled by D. G. Hill, 1896. 8vo. cl, rv.. 165 pp $1.00 

11. Record of Town Meetings and Abstract of Births, Marriages and Deaths, in 
Dedham, 1887-1896.— with Appendix. Ed. by D. G. Hill, 8vo. cl. 738 pp. 

Edition, 50 copies, $3.75 

VOL. VIII. April, 1897. 

No. 2 




Publishing Committee, 




Associate Editors, 


Business Manager, . . . M. GARDNER BOYD. 



Photo-lithographic copy of an old map of the Claphoard-Trees 
Parish {now in Westwood.) Frontispiece. 

NE W TOWN OF WESTWOOD, April 2, 1897. Benjamin Fisher. 33 

WHO WAS AS AHEL SMITH? . . . John E. Alden. 38 

SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS, DEDHAM, (to he continued.) . 

(Jarlos Slafter. 42 

Howard, R. Guild. 45 

HON. GEORGE H. KUHN, . . . George K. Clarke. 48 

THE FISHER FAMILY, {to be continued.) Philip A. Fisher. 50 

REVOLUTIONARY MUSTER ROLLS. 2. {to he continued.) 52 

THE AMES DIARY, Extracts, {to he cont.) Edna F. Calder. 54 




Al] literary communications should be addressed to the Editor ; 
subscriptions and business communications to the Business Manager. 

The Register will be published quarterly on the first days of Jan- 
uary, April, July and October. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $L00 a year. Single Numbers, 35 Cents. 

Printed at the office of the Dedhara Transcript. 

Entered at the Post Office, Dedhara, Mass., as second-class mail matter. 


Graduated and Registered 

Higl::L Street, DedhLam. 

Telephone, 53-2. 

S^=MEDFIELD-Tuesdays and Fridays, Monks Block. 




TELEPHONE 3018. , Residence, WALNUT HILL. 

The Dedham Electric Co. 



JSor-^xoo lo-y 3»^©ter or CJojOLtr^-ot. 




Published under the auspices of the Dedham Historical Society. 

"Mr. Tuttle's device is a circular chart of stout jute paper, folded in sectors, and com- 
pactly secured in a triangular cover (7x16). Wlien fully spread out, it is tliirt>-two inches 
in diameter, and presents the entire ancestry to the eye at once. Ordinarily, when in 
use, only tvv^o sectors are exposed in the same manner as the pages of a booK; but the 
whole may be quickly and conveniently drawn out, like a fan, for ready reference to any 
part Spaces for the names of ancestors and dates of births, marriages and deaths are 
given, and room for additional notes is found on the back of the sheet. This chart is 
very simple, easily manipulated, and shows the direct connection with any ancestor. 
Copyrighted." (New Ene. Hist. & Gen. Eeg., Oct., 1895, p. 469.) 

DE»r±co, $X.OO. 


The following books will be sent postpaid on the receipt of price. Address 

DON GLEASON HILL, Town Clerk, Dedham. Mass. 

1. Record of Births, Marriages and Deaths, from Dedham Town Clerk's Records. 
Vols. I and II. 1635-1845. Ed. by D. G. Hill, 1886. 8vo. cl. v, 286 pp. . . . $3.25 

2. Record of Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths from Dedham Church Records, and 
Cemetery Inscriptions, 1638-1845. Ed. by D. G. Hill, 1888. 8vo. cl. xii,348pp. . $2.25 

3. The Early Records of the Town of Dedham, 1636-1659 .... Illustrated with 
fac-similes ... Ed. by D. G. Hill, 1892. 8 vo. cl. xvi, 238 pp $2.00 

4. Proceedings of 250th Anniversary of Dedham, Sept. 21, 1886. 8vo. cl. 214 pp. $1.15 

5. Commemorative Services of 250th Anniversary of First Church in Dedham, Nov. 
18 and 19, 1888. 8vo. cl. 114 pp. [Edition nearly gone.] . . , . . . . $3.12 

6. Historical Catalogue of Dedham High School 8vo. cl. 214 pp. Illustrated. $1.50 

7. An Alphabetical Abstract of the Record of Births in the Town of Dedham, 
1844-1890. Compiled by D. G. Hill, Town Clerk, 1894. 8vo. cl. xviii, 206 pp. . . $1.25 

8. The Early Records of the Town of Dedham, 1659-1673. . . . Illustrated with fac- 
similes. ... Ed. by D. G. Hill. 1894. 8vo. cl. x, 304 pp $2.00 

9. An Alphabetical Abstract of the Record of Deaths in the Town of Dedham, 1844- 
1890. Compiled by D. G. Hill, 1895. 8vo. cl., ix.,217pp $1.25 

10. An Alphabetical Abstract of the Record of Marriages in the Town of Dedham. 
1844-1890. CompiledbyD. G.Hill, 1896. 8V0.C1, IV., 165 pp $1.00 

11. Record of Town Meetings and Abstract of Births, Marriages and Deaths, in 
Dedham, 1887-1896.— with Appendix. Ed. by D. G. Hill, 8vo. cl. 738 pp. 

Edition, 50 copies, $3.75 




Publishing Committee, 




Associate Editors, 


Business Manager, . . . M. GARDNER BOYD. 



Heliotype of Calvin Guild. Frontispiece. 


IN MEMO RIAM.-Calvin Guild, ...... 69 


W. S, Tilden. 70 

JOHN GOLDING, ... - Mrs. Isadora B. Whitmore. 76 

THE FIFTY-FOURTH REGIMENT, Erastus WortUngton. 78 


THE FISHER FAMILY, .... Philip A. Fisher. 85 


THE AMES DIARY, Extracts. . . . Edna F. Colder. 90 

JOURNAL OF HON. GEORGE H. KUHN, George K. Clarke. 91 



HISTORY OF DOVER, By Frank Smith 95 


Note.— Asahel Smith. 

Query.— Felch Family. 

All literary communications should be addressed to the Editor ; 
subscriptions and business communications to the Business Manager. 

The Register will be published quarterly on the first days of Jan- 
uary, April, July and October. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRIGE, $1.00 a year. Single Numbers, 35 Cents. 

Printed at the office of the Dedhara Transcript. 
Entered at the Post Office, Dedhara, Mass., as second-class mail matter. 


Graduated and Registered 

Higbi Street, Dedtiam. 

Telephone, 53-2. 

2(^^MEDFIELD-Tuesdays and Fridays, Monks Block. 

o. n. cr. :k:xisa::bj^Xji:j, 




TELOPHINE 3018. Residence, WALNUT HILL. 

The Dedham Electric Co. 






HARTFORD, CONN., (P. 0. Lock Box, 149) 

A veteran Genealogist of 15 years' experience (compiler of " Felch;" 
"Williston;" "Hale;" "LeBkun, Bkune and Beuen;" Yakde, De 
LA Varde, and Wakde ;" and other works), desires short commissions dur- 
ing summer months, for researches in N. Y., N. J., and all over N. E. ; is 
familiar with most N. E. names, and an adept in English descents ; has one of 
the best genealogical libraries in the United States ; will accept gen. works in 
part payment ; has prepared papers for admission to all patriotic societies. 

Terms, by the hour, and very moderate. Numerous references. No gratis 
data. Address above. 


The following books will be sent postpaid on the receipt of price. Address 

DON GLEASON HILL, Town Clerk, Dedham, Mass. 

1. Eecord of Births, Marriages and Deaths, from Dedham Town Clerk's Kecords. 
Vols. I and II. 1635-1845. Ed. by D. G. Hill, 1886. 8vo. cl. v, 286 pp. . . . $3.25 

2. Becord of Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths from Dedham Church Eecords, and 
Cemetery Inscriptions, 1638-1845. Ed. by D. G. Hill, 1888. 8vo. cl. xii, 348 pp. . $2.25 

3. The Early Records of the Town of Dedham, 1636-1659 .... Illustrated with 
fac-simlles ... Ed. by D. G. Hill, 1892. 8 vo. cl. xvi, 238 pp. .... $2.00 

4. Proceedings of 250th Anniversary of Dedham, Sept. 21, 1886. 8vo. cl. 214 pp. $1.15 

5. Commemorative Services of 250th Anniversary of First Church In Dedham, Nov. 
18 and 19, 1888. 8vo. cl. 114 pp. [Edition nearly gone.] . . . . . . . $3.12 

6. Historical Catalogue of Dedham High School 8vo. cl. 214 pp. Illustrated. $1.50 

7. An Alphabetical Abstract of the Eecord of Births in the Town of Dedham, 
1844-1890. CompiledbyD. G. Hill, Town Clerk, 1894. 8vo. cl. xviii, 206 pp. . . $1.25 

8. The Early Eecords of the Town of Dedham, 1659-1673. . . . Illustrated with f ac- 
, similes. . . . Ed. by D. G. Hill. 1894. 8vo. cl. x, 304 pp $2.00 

9. An Alphabetical Abstract of the Eecord of Deaths in the Town of Dedham, 1844- 
1890. Compiled by D. G. Hill, 1895. 8vo. cl., ix.,217pp $1.25 

10. An Alphabetical Abstract of the Eecord of Marriages in the Town of Dedham.^ 
1844-1890. Compiled by D. G. Hill, 1896. 8vo. cl, iv., 165 pp $1.00 

11. Eecord of Town Meetings and Abstract of Births, Marriages :and Deaths, in 
Dedham. 1887-1896.— with Appendix. Ed. by D. G. Hill, 8vo. cl. 738 pp. 

Edition, -50 copies, $3.75 



Publishing Committee, 




Associate Editors, 


Business Manager, . . . M. GARDNER BOYD. 



Home of Joseph and Mary Baxter, Medjield, Frontispiece 

Meeting Houses, First Parish, 98 

The Baxter Monument . 102 

Hesidence of Willard Harwood, 104 


Willard Harwood, 97 

MARY FAIRBANKS OF DEDHAM, . Howard B. Guild. 104 


A. L. Talbot. 106 

SCHOOLS ANX> TEACHERS, DEDHAM, {To he continued.) 

Carlos Slafter. 122 

NEEDHAM EPITAPHS, {To he continued.) C. C. Greenwood. 125 

THE FISHER FAMILY, {To he continued.) Philip A. Fisher. 131 


William B. Mann. 132 

ANDREW DEXTER, . . . . S. N. Dexter North. 135 
THE AMES DIARY, Extracts. . . . EdnaF. Calder. 137 

NOTES 138 

2. Journal of Hon. George H. Kuhn. 

3. Philip Draper, Nathaniel Parker and Nathaniel A. Haven. 

All literary communications should be addressed to the Editor ; 
subscriptions and business communications to the Business Manager. 

The Register will be published quarterly on the first days of Jan- 
uary, April, July and October. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $1.00 a year. Single Numbers, 35 Cents. 

Printed at the office of the Dedham Transcript. 
Entered at the Post Office, Dedham, Mass., as second-class mail matter. 


Graduated and Registered 

High Street, Dedhiam. 

Telephone, 53-2. 

2^=-MEDriELD-Tuesdays and Fridays, Monks Block. 
"T"T" T -r>»' 11 -K A — I—* A -r- -T- 



M. GARDNER BOYD, Business Manager. 


Unclosed find one dollar, for which mail the Historical Registe 
e year, beginning ivith January, 1898. 





FuBLisniNG Committee, 




Associate Editors, 


Business Manager, . . . M. GARDNER BOYD. 



Some of Joseph and Mary Baxter, Medfield, Frontispiece 

AIJ literary communications should be addressed to the Editor ; 
subscriptions and business communications to the Business Manager. 

The Register will be published quarterly on the first days of Jan- 
uary, April, July and October. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $L00 a year. Single Numbers, 35 Cents. 

Printed at the office of the Dedham Transcript. 

Entered at the Post Office, Dedham, Mass., as second-class mail matter. 


Graduated and Registered 

High Street, Oedham. 

Telephone, 53-2. 
Si^^-MEDFIELD-Tuesdays and Fridays, Monks Block. 

o. EC. jr. k:z3^bj^XjL 





The Dedham Electric Co 



seirvice: by mbter or con-tract. 

JOHN 11. BULLARD, Pres. THOS. T. ROBINSON, 7\eas. 







M. GARDNER BOYD, Business Manager. 

Published quarterly by the 

Dedham Historical Society 

$1.00 A YEAR. 

SCtje lB0til)am Igfetortcal laesistcr. 

The Register is about to enter upon the eighth year 
of its publication with indications of increasing success. 
From year to year, since its first issue in January, 1890, 
every encouragement has been given to continue the mag- 
azine ; and many letters have been received speaking in 
the most complimentary terms about the serial, and its 
value from an historical as well as a genealogical point of 
view. That it has been the means of arousing a deeper 
interest in the history of Dedham, its families and their de- 
scendants, has been clearly shown. 

Copies of the magazine are now sent into many states 
in the Union, to persons who either have some interest 
in our Historical Society and town, or are related by ties of 
kinship or descent to families in this section of the state. 
The intention is to enrich the magazine with articles of 
permanent value, of far greater worth the subscription 
price of one dollar. 

Scope anti JFuture aEorfe. 

History, biography, genealogy, and kindred subjects, 
all come within the province of the Register, relating even 
to Norfolk County and this section of the State. In 
forthcoming numbers there will be published biographical 
sketches of Rev. Joseph Belcher, Benjamin Bussey, Fisher 
Ames, Judge Waldo Colburn and others; genealogical 
papers on the Fisher, Metcalf, and other families ; historical 
papers on the French and Indian War, the Revolutionary 
War, etc., as well as many interesting and valuable articles. 

It will be the effort of the Committee to have at least 
one plate in each number which will be well worth the 
subcription price ; and it will be the pleasure of the Editor 
to receive any communications suited to the purpose of the 
magazine, and his desire to present to the readers a good 
and satisfactory variety of subjects. 

It is the earnest hope that friends of the publication^ and 
persons interested in the cause, will tise their best efforts 
to increase the number of subscriber's. The success and con- 
tinuance of the magazine will depend largely upon the 
liberality of its patrons; and a larger circulation of the Register 
will enable the Editor to increase and extend its usefulness. 

Don Gleason Hill, President, ) Committee 
Julius H. Tuttle, Cor. Sec'y, > on 
John H. Burdakin, Libra?-ian, ) Publication. 

©eWjant Jgfetorical Soctetg. 

This Society was founded in 1859, and was probably 
the first distinctively town historical society wliich has con- 
tinued to do active work. It was incorporated in 1862, and 
lias been closely identified with the historical interests of 
Dedham, and other towns in the neighborhood. 

During the last ten years it has collected a library of 
over four thousand volumes, including a good working col- 
lection of tov/n histories and genealogies, as well as of 
general history, which constantly draws students and inves- 
tigators, even from a distance, for consultation. 

The cut on the first page of this circular shows a view 
of the Society's building, which was erected in 1887-8, soon 
after the 250th anniversary of the town, at a cost of nearly 
$12,000. This structure was made possible by the generous 
bequest of the late Miss Hannah Shuttleworth, consisting 
of the lot of land and $10,000 for the building. The 
Society holds monthly meetings, and publishes a quarterly 





T4ie following books will be sent postpaid on the receipt of price. Address 

DON GLEASON HILL, Town Clerk, Dedbam, Mass. 

1. Record of Births, MarrlSges and Deaths, from Dedbam Town Clerk's Records. 
Vols. I and IL 1635-1845. Ed. by D. G. Hill, 1886. 8vo. cl. v, 286 pp. . . . $3.25 

2. Record of Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths from Dedham Church Records, and 
Cemetery Inscriptions, 1638-1845. Ed. by D. G. Hill, 1888. 8vo. cl. xii, 348 pp. . $2.25 

3. The Early Records of the Town of Dedham, 1636-1659 .... Illustrated with 
fac-similes ... Ed. by D. G. Hill, 1892. 8 vo. cl. xvi, 238 pp $2.00 

4. Proceedings of 250tb Anniversary of Dedham, Sept. 21, 1886. 8vo. cl. 214 pp. $1.15 

5. Commemorative Services of 250th Anniversary of First Church in Dedham, Nov. 
18andl9, 1888. 114 pp. [Edition nearly gone.] $3.12 

6. Historical Catalogue of Dedham High School 8vo. cl. 214 pp. Illustrated." $1.50 

7. An Alphabetical Abstract of the Record of Births in the Town of Dedham, 
1844-1890. Compiled by D. G. Hill, Town Clerk, 1894. 8vo. cl. xviii, 206 pp. . . $1.25 

8. The Early Records of the Town of Dedham, 1659-1673. . . . Illustrated with fac- 
similes. ... Ed. by D. G. Hill. 1894. 8V0. cl. X, 304 pp. ..... $2.00 

9. An Alphabetical Abstract of the Record of Deaths in the Town of Dedham, 1844- 
1890. Compiled by D. G. Hill, 1895. 8vo. cl., ix.,217pp $1.25 

10. An Alphabetical Abstract of the Record of Marriages in the Town of Dedham. 
1844-1890. Compiledby D.G.Hill,. 1896. 8vo. cl, iv., 165 pp $1.00 

11. Record of Town Meetings and Abstract of Births, Marriages and Deaths, in 
Dedliam. 1887-1896.— with Appendix. Ed. by D. G. Hill, 8vo. cl. 738 pp. 

Edition, 50 copies, $3.75