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The gift of 

BlJen F . Draper 






Seliitatton of 












'£cc^ I O l^O . 2. . \ 



..t'.ARVARD , 

OCT 25 ,962 











LETTERS ...... 

















The Adin Ballou Memorial, an account of the 
dedication of which is given in the following pages, 
consists of a statue of the man whose name it bears, 
somewhat larger than life, surmounting a massive 
pedestal appropriately inscribed, and the grounds on 
which it stands. It is located near the center of the 
principal village of the thriving town of Hopedale, 
Massachusetts, once the seat of the Hopedale Com- 
munity, of which Mr. Ballou was the founder and 
leading spirit. The grounds constituted his former 
homestead, on which he resided for nearly half a cen- 
tury ; the dwelling house and its appurtenances oc- 
cupying one corner of them, the remaining portion 
being devoted to gardening purposes and the produc- 
tion of various kinds of fruit. They have a frontage 
of eight rods and a depth of about ten and a half 
rods, making an area of a little more than half an 
acre. The house was a modest one story and a half 
cottage with an ell, to which a small printing-office 
was attached. The buildings have been taken away, 
the cottage being removed to a new site a quarter of 
a mile distant, refitted, and otherwise improved and 
made convenient and attractive for further domestic 
service. The lot, relieved of these incumbrances, 
and of several large fruit trees in the foreground, has 
been carefully graded, laid out, beautified, and fitted 


for its new uses, under the direction of a skillful 
landscape gardener. It is now a broad lawn, inter- 
sected by well-graveled walks, and ornamented with 
beds of shrubbery and flowers of tasteful design. 
Most of the fruit trees in the rear are preserved, and 
will remain as they are until other trees more desira- 
ble for their shapeliness and shade can be grown. 

The monument, including the statue and pedes- 
tal, occupies a position somewhat to the rear of the 
center of the lot and considerably removed from the 
main street of the village ; from which, however, 
excellent views of it can be obtained, whatever be 
the direction of approach. The statue is of Roman 
bronze, eight feet in height, and weighs sixteen hun- 
dred pounds. It was modeled by William Ordway 
Partridge, of New York City and Milton, Mass., and 
finished under his immediate supervision, the casting 
being done by proficient artisans in New York. It 
represents Mr. Ballou as he was in mid-life, with a 
light mustache and beard, all his powers in full vigor, 
standing erect and self-possessed, in a natural position, 
and one perfectly familiar to those who knew him 
at that period, as if in the act of addressing a public 
assembly. His left hand grasps a book which rests 
upon a supporting column simulating a pulpit or 
desk, while the right hand is thrown out a foot or more 
from the body — a posture altogether characteristic 
of him when engaged in earnest argument or exhor- 
tation. His head is bare, and his countenance, the 
features of which are strikingly correct, is lighted 
up with an animated and exceedingly lifelike ex- 


The pedestal, supporting the statue and consisting 
of a die, base, and sub-base, is also about eight feet high 
and of good proportions throughout. It is made of 
Cape Ann granite from the quarries of Jonas French 
& Co., according to plans drawn by Daniel Wood- 
bury of Boston, architect, who superintended its 
construction and erection. The die is six feet in 
height, with slightly inclining sides, its top measuring 
three feet four inches square and its bottom four feet, 
and weighs seven tons. The base is seven feet 
square and the sub-base ten feet. The whole struc- 
ture rests apparently upon a grass-covered mound, 
slightly raised above the general level of the ground 
about it, while having a substantial and durable 
foundation underneath. The mound is surrounded 
by a spacious graveled area which has two approaches 
from Hopedale Street in front and one from Peace 
Street on the southerlv side. 

On the several faces of the die are the following 
inscriptions, appearing substantially as indicated. 

On the front or west face : — 


Preacher, Author^ Reform er. Philanthropist^ 
Apostle of Christian Socialism, 


Founder of the Hopedale Community. 

1 803-1 890. 

" Blessed are the Peacemakers." 

" Not disobedient to the heavenly vision." 


On the rear or east face : — 

This Monument is erected and these grounds are set 
apart as a Memorial of Adin Ballou — a tribute of affection, 
gratitude, and honor, from many friends. 

On this spot he spent the greater portion of his life ; 
here he wrought his chief work and entered into rest. 
Dedicated and presented to the 

Town of Hopedale, 
October 27, 1900. 

On the south face : — 

A man of rational Christian faith, sterling qualities of 
mind, and rare excellence of character ; whose life was de- 
voted to works of Righteousness, Brotherhood, and Peace, 
— to the well-being of his kind and the upbuilding of the 
kingdom of God on the earth. 

On the north face : — 

Extract from Preface to the History of Hopedale Community, 

" If Providence has entrusted me with any distinctive 
mission in the world, it is to aid in showing my fellow-men 
the way into that Christlike order of life which illustrates 
the great ideas of the Fatherhood of God and the Brother- 
hood of man." 




The movement for a permanent Memorial of 
Adin Ballou, inaugurated in the autumn of 1898 
and urged forward with befitting diligence through 
the intervening period, reached its culmination two 
years later ; the event being celebrated with appro- 
priate dedicatory and commemorative exercises in 
the town of Hopedale, Mass., where the said Me- 
morial is located, on the afternoon of the 27th of 
October in the year 1900. Announcement of what 
was to take place having been widely extended by 
private circulars and through the public press, a 
considerable assemblage of people from near and far 
was gathered on the date specified, each and all de- 
sirous of expressing by their presence and participa- 
tion in the exercises of the day their appreciation of 
the nobility and worth of the man whom they had 
known but to admire and love, and of doing honor 
to his name and memory. The occasion was ren- 
dered the more noteworthy and impressive by the 
closing of the mills in the village, the suspension in 
large measure of ordinary business, and the general 


quiet that prevailed, as on a day of rest and sacred 
observance. The weather proved somewhat in- 
auspicious and threatening, which prevented many, 
no doubt, especially aged and infirm persons, from 
attending, while the funeral of a prominent and 
much esteemed citizen of Milford near by, occurring 
at the same time, detained many more who would 
otherwise have been present. 

Nevertheless, a goodly company convened at the 
outset on the memorial grounds, standing singly or in 
groups in close proximity to the monument, convers- 
ing with each other, or awaiting in silence the opening 
ceremonies. Promptly at the hour of half-past one, 
the time fixed upon for the exercises to commence, 
the Hopedale Band, whose members had kindly 
volunteered their services for the occasion, arrested 
the attention of those gathered around and brought 
them into proper order by strains of carefully chosen 
and well-rendered music. When they ceased. Rev. 
Wm. S. Hey wood, of Dorchester, son-in-law of Mr. 
Ballou, who had had general charge of the work 
now brought to a successful issue, stepped to the 
improvised platform, and in an informal manner 
began the speaking of the afternoon with the fol- 


The grandest product of any land or clime is a 
great and noble man, — a man of preeminent quali- 
ties of mind, and heart, and character, whose intel- 


lectual and executive endowments are surmounted 
and dominated by a lofty moral purpose and a pro- 
found sense of the eternal verities, and whose life, 
consecrated to high aims and animated by a Christ- 
like spirit, is devoted to the well-being and happi- 
ness of his fellow-men and to the establishment of 
the divine kingdom on the earth : his chief if not 
his only care, " to stand approved in sight of God, 
though worlds judge him perverse." Such a man 
is a consummate flower in the garden of humanity, 
imparting fragrance and vitality to surrounding airs ; 
"a gem of purest ray serene," shining conspicu- 
ous amid the common jewels that adorn and en- 
rich the world. He is a masterpiece of creative 
wisdom and love, the crowning glory in the realm 
of time of the handiwork of the Almighty, " tran- 
scending," as Theodore Parker says, " the earth and 
moon and sun — all the material magnificence of the 
universe." A guide is he and an inspiration to other 
men — to the age in which he lives and to unnum- 
bered ages yet to come. His life enters into the life 
of the race, cleansing it of its impurities, quickening 
its better energies, developing its higher capabilities, 
renewing, beautifying, transfiguring it forevermore. 

Men of this type are not numerous in our day, 
or, indeed, at any period of history. They do not 
throng the thoroughfares of the globe ; are but rarely 
found in the arena of human eflfort and accomplish- 
ment. But when they appear, it becomes us to 
take knowledge of them ; to recognize them, to ap- 
preciate them, to reverence them, to render them 


the homage ever due to immaculate virtue and im- 
perishable worth. And this is the purpose for which 
we are convened to-day. For such a man as I have 
portrayed, in large degree, was Adin Ballou, — he 
to whom we now and here pay tribute ; the tribute 
of personal esteem, of heartfelt gratitude, of affec- 
tionate remembrance and well-merited commenda- 
tion. A man was he of gentle bearing and persua- 
sive speech, of unimpeachable integrity and a name 
without reproach, a consistent disciple of the Master 
he loved so well and a wise interpreter of the coun- 
sels of God, an earnest champion of unpopular 
causes and salutary reforms, and a benefactor of his 
kind. And we have met, on the very spot where he 
dwelt for nearly fifty years and wrought his chief 
work, and whence, in ripened age, he entered into 
rest, that we may celebrate the consummation of an 
undertaking designed to crown him with somewhat 
of the honor felt to be his due, and to perpetuate 
his name, his memory, and his beneficent, uplifting 
influence in the world unto many generations. 

It is not for me, however, to pronounce his eulogy 
or speak his praise ; to recount his multiform per- 
sonal and social accomplishments ; his distinguishing 
intellectual, moral, and spiritual characteristics ; or to 
rehearse even a single chapter of the story of his long, 
active, consecrated, and benignly useful life. Testi- 
monies of such a nature, whatever they may be, will 
come more fittingly from other lips than mine, whose 
utterances you will presently be privileged to hear. 

It is my simple task just now, as the one upon 


whom has devolved the responsibility of superin- 
tending in a general way the movement which this 
day reaches its culmination and of making provision 
for this observance, to open its proceedings with 
these introductory remarks, and, in behalf of those 
by whose free-will offerings these grounds hiave been 
prepared and this monument erected upon them as 
a permanent memorial to Adin Ballou, to welcome 
you to this locality, made sacred by so many never- 
to-be-forgotten memories and associations, and to 
the various exercises, here and elsewhere, of this in- 
teresting and hallowed occasion. May something 
of the humane, reverent, heroic spirit of him to 
whom we do honor possess all our hearts, and may 
his illustrious example as a servant of the truth, 
a warrior against every form of wrong, and a friend 
and helper of his fellow-men, be to us all an incen- 
tive and encouragement to the best use of all our 
powers, to righteous and noble living, from this time 
henceforth, as long as we have being. 

I will claim your attention no longer at this stage 
of proceedings than to beg the privilege of presenting 
to you Mr. Eben S. Draper of Hopedale, who has 
been asked and kindly consented to serve as Presi- 
dent of the Day, in which capacity he will have 
charge of the further exercises prepared for us. 

Mr. Draper upon assuming the position specified 
made grateful acknowledgment of the honor con- 
ferred upon him in a few fitly chosen words, re- 
serving the more formal address he had prepared 


for a later opportunity. He then stated that the 
next exercise upon the programme for the day was 
the unveiling of the statue, and he called upon 
Mrs. Abbie Ballou Heywood, the daughter and 
only near relative of Mr. Ballou present, to perform 
that duty. 

Mrs. Heywood, who had meanwhile stepped upon 
the platform, holding the cord by which the cover- 
ing was to be removed from the still concealed pro- 
duct of the sculptor's art, at once complied with the 
request, and the full figure of her beloved and revered 
father appeared in all the dignity and nobleness of his 
distinctive personality, as manifested in mid-life, when, 
under the inspiration of some great theme, he stood 
in the presence of a congregation of eager listeners, 
instructing or exhorting them concerning the things 
that make for righteousness, or upon some scheme 
or plan of his devising for the betterment of the 

The unveiling of the statue having taken place and 
the accompanying applause having subsided, those 
in attendance, by direction of the President, formed 
a procession, and, under the leadership of the Band, 
repaired to the Town Hall where the remaining ob- 
servances of the occasion were to be held. 

Upon reassembling, the audience being augmented 
by a large number of persons, who for various 
reasons had not participated in the open-air cere- 
monies, to the extent of filling the spacious audito- 
rium to its utmost seating capacity, the services were 


. resumed with as little delay as practicable, and pro- 
ceeded without interruption to the end. The Band 
honored the occasion with another selection, after 
which Rev. Charles J. White, of Woonsocket, R. I., 
offered the following fervent and impressive 


Almighty and ever blessed God, our heavenly 
Father, we are gathered here to-day to pay the trib- 
ute of our reverent love to one whom thou didst 
bless as thou didst thy servant of old, and whom 
thou madest a blessing to us and to a great multitude 
no man can number. During many eventful years 
he went in and out amongst us — a man of God, a 
humble, faithful follower of thy Son, Jesus Christ. 
We humbly invoke thy blessing upon us and upon 
these services. May a deeper sense of the beauty 
of such a life and its worth to the world come into all 
our hearts. To live in an age full of distractions, full 
of the idolatry of mammon worship, of materialism, 
of atheism, and yet to live the higher life, — never 
swerving from the path of rectitude, never losing 
sight of the true ends of life, never bartering spirit- 
ual treasures for the dross of our market-places, 
to have been always the same calm, manly man — 
this won all our hearts. His life was a light shining 
in the darkness. It made the place where he dwelt 
to be like a city set upon a hill whose light is shed 
abroad over distant fields. His words appealed to 
our sense of justice, truth, righteousness, and love ; 


his presence, to all the sentiments of a true and 
genuine manhood. He taught us the worth of char- 
acter, showed us how a steadfastness in adherence to 
principle gives dignity and power to life. He illus- 
trated the charm of simple manners, sincerity in 
speech and fidelity in action. He made attractive 
to us ' the quiet heroism of a life that seeks only to 
be true and useful. By his life he made the gospel 
luminous. He became our instructor in righteous- 
ness. He was our leader in works of reform. He 
interpreted for u$ the divine word in nature, in hu- 
man experience, and in the holy book. His sincerity 
chastened us, his purity won us, his goodness wrought 
as a spell, his wisdom excited our reverence, his 
courage inspired us, his sweet spirit was a continual 
refreshment. Our Father, we loved this man whom 
thou didst bless, and we pray that we may never for- 
get him and the sacred lessons of his life. Forever 
inscribed upon the tablets of our souls may his 
gracious memory remain. May his fidelity to con- 
victions of right and duty, and his benignity in the 
maintenance of them, come more and more into our 
lives. Persuaded that we are right, may we as fear- 
lessly and unselfishly as he withstand the evil and 
fight against the iniquity that assails us. May we 
have more of sympathy for the weak, the sorrowing, 
the poor, the bereaved, and all the multitudes that 
need a friend, a consoler, and inspirer. 

Out of the shadows into light — out of despair 
into hope — out of hate into love he led them. He 
comforted them ; he brought them to the healing and 


refreshing waters of life. O Father, as yonder 
statue, massive, majestic, lifelike, stands through 
storm and sunshine, and all the tumult of the ele- 
ments from year to year, an impressive spectacle to 
the people of this place and to the strangers who 
shall visit it, may its moral significance never be 
lost. May the venerable man as he beholds it say, 
" Surely virtue makes life worth living." May the 
young say, "It is noble to serve the needs of the 
world, to spurn ignorance and indolence, and to 
live for the cause of truth and righteousness." May 
all who behold it say, " To be such a Christian as 
he is to be a prince in the city of our God." May 
his associates in the ministry of Christ emulate his 
example. Will God bless and sanctify the life of 
his servant and all the solemnities of this occasion 
to the everlasting welfare of his people, for His holy 
name's sake. Amen. 

The assemblage then united in singing the follow- 
ing Hymn written for another occasion by Rev. 
John W. Chadwick, of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

^^ What has drawn us now apart 

From the common daily round, 
Bringing here a lowly heart, 
Standing as on holy ground ? 

** Not the scorn of humble things, 
Simple tasks that love can find ; 
Not the pride of thought that brings 
Laggard will and restless mind. 


" Nay, but here upon the height, 
Rapt from idle cares away. 
Fain our souls would see a light. 
Herald of the coming day ; — 

^^ Morning visions high and pure, 
Glorious things that are to be. 
Faith and hope that shall endure. 
Love's abiding unity ; — 

^^ All the things that make for peace 
In the daily toil and strife ; 
All that can our part increase 
In the world's diviner life. 

*' Short the time we linger here ; 

Then with earnest heart and hand. 
Back to work with holy fear ; 
Every vision God's command." 



Ladies and Gentlemen, — Under ordinary cir- 
cumstances it would have given me great pleasure 
to officiate in these dedicatory exercises, but as the 
only reason for my doing it is the illness of my brother. 
General Draper, I am sorry to be occupying the posi- 
tion. I am very glad, however, to say that while 
his physicians do not consider it wise for him to at- 
tend to business at the present time, he is improving 
very rapidly, and it will be, I trust, a comparatively 
short time before he is entirely recovered and is at- 
tending to his ordinary duties. 

As you are all aware he has presented the statue 
of Mr. Ballou which is to-day being dedicated. 

The grounds have been given by many friends 
and admirers, but the statue, as I have said, has been 
presented by General Draper. He desired extremely 
to have been present to-day to take part in the exer- 
cises, both because he had a great admiration and 
respect for Mr. Ballou, and further, because he de- 
sired to say this in public and quite at length ; in fact 
he urged me to be present on this occasion, because 
he thought it was important that our family should 
be represented in the exercises on account of their 
life-long admiration and intimacy with Mr. Ballou. 


I do not feel that it would be wise or proper for 
me to undertake any special eulogium or discrimi- 
nating criticism of Mr. Ballou and his work. That 
can much better and more properly be done by 
those who were more closely associated with him, 
and who knew him longer, and more especially 
those who were intimate with him during the time 
of his hardest work and greatest trials. When I had 
the benefit of acquaintance and association with him, 
after I was old enough to appreciate it, he was in the 
position of minister in the Hopedale parish, and my 
acquaintance was that ordinarily existing between a 
pastor and one of his congregation, except that I had 
a partial understanding and realization of the work 
he had done in the past. 

The principal feature of Mr. Ballou's life, as I 
knew it, outside of his goodness, which impressed 
me, was his strength, more mental than physical in 
later days, but evidently great, physically as well as 
mentally, in his prime. It was always remarkable to 
me to see a man of such grand strength of brain, and 
also of feeling, evidently blessed with sufficient force 
so that in other men it might be called temper, always 
have perfect self-control and never to be, or seem to 
be, anything except a strong, just, good man. I do 
not know that the words Mr. Ballou uttered were 
any more remarkable than those uttered by other 
men, but they carried conviction with them, and im- 
pressed any one who heard them greatly. 

It has often seemed to me, from my experience of 
men in public station and in public life, that it is not 


SO much what a man says as the man who says it, that 
impresses people and carries conviction, and this to 
my mind was the great force in what Mr. Ballou said, 
the character and goodness of the man back of what 
he said, which was known of all men. With his 
earlier work connected with the founding and con- 
ducting of the Hopedale Community, I of course was 
not familiar, but knowing what a tremendous disap- 
pointment the seeming failure of his idea must have 
been to him, I was much impressed with the fact that 
he had not allowed it in any way, so far as could be 
seen, to embitter his life, or to prejudice his judg- 
ment of men and things. This in itself proved the 
possession of great and rare virtues, because we all 
know that there are few men with whom we are ac- 
quainted, who are strong enough to endure failures 
in the accomplishment of things that are dear to 
them, without rendering them unable in the future 
to judge of other men and things justly or properly. 
His love of truth, as he understood it, was with 
him a supreme feeling, and the only person that he 
had to convince of the truth of anything, in order to 
have him live absolutely in that line, was himself. 
He was considerate of the opinion of others, but 
when they did not agree with his own well con- 
sidered conclusions, he had no doubt or hesitation in 
following his own path. His personality was de- 
lightful ; his conversation most interesting ; and his 
manner charming and sincere. It was always a 
pleasure to meet him, and his presence was always 
an influence for good. 


I am glad that this statue which has been unveiled 
to-day has been erected, and in the future, as it calls 
to mind the person whom it represents, it will help 
all who hear of his life to be better and nobler them- 



Two years ago, in the autumn of 1898, Mr. and 
Mrs. William Tebb/ of London, England, old- 
time friends and admirers of the man upon whom 
our chief thoughts are fixed to-day, being on a brief 
visit to this country, spent an afternoon with myself 
and wife at our home in Dorchester. During the 
interview, occupied mostly in conversation upon 
questions of reform, with reminiscences relating to 
the progressive movements of the past fifty years or 
more and the persons identified with them, among 
whom he stood conspicuous, one of our guests, 
when reference was made to him, remarked that 
there ought to be a monument erected as a testi- 
monial to his exalted character and signal service of 
the truth and of humanity, and as a means of 
transmitting his name and influence to posterity. 
Whereupon the suggestion became for quite a while 
the theme of animated discussion, our English 
friends urging with much zeal the inauguration of 
immediate practical measures for carrying it into 
effect. Mrs. Heywood and myself, though naturally 
gratified at the proposition, were yet reluctant to 
become sponsors for the contemplated movement, or 

1 See Appendix. 


to be regarded as its originators or chief promo- 
ters. But we were willing to cooperate with others 
in its behalf, and, if desired, to act as their agents 
in seeing what could be done in the way of prose- 
cuting it to a successful issue. So much was stated 
to our visitors, and I personally promised to confer 
with persons in Hopedale and elsewhere who might 
be presumed to have sufficient interest in the project 
to aid in its realization. Proceeding to do this, the 
response was so favorable that upon fiirther consul- 
tation with Mr. and Mrs. Tebb it was determined 
to enter upon the undertaking at the earliest prac- 
ticable date. 

Of course the execution of the proposed work in- 
volved the raising of money, which must be done 
by an appeal to the friends of Mr. Ballou scattered 
far and wide over a large extent of country. But 
before such an appeal could be issued it was im- 
portant that some certain amount should be fixed 
upon as the maximum of expectation in this regard. 
And this matter was thoughtfully considered in con- 
versation and correspondence with Mr. and Mrs. 
Tebb, the decision being that five thousand dollars 
(1 5000) should be asked for, in the confident hope 
that two thirds or three fourths of that sum could 
be secured with little difficulty. Another prelimi- 
nary question that arose requiring early answer related 
to the character, nature, or form of the memorial it- 
self. And this proved a more serious problem — one 
upon which much time and thought were expended. 
Several things were suggested as perhaps suited to 


the end in view. One was to reconstruct the Ballou 
dwelling-house, make it as durable as possible, and 
fit it up as a museum in which could be collected 
and preserved household articles, pictures, books, 
letters, manuscripts, and other mementos of its for- 
mer occupant and his distinctive work. Another 
was to solicit of Mr. Joseph B. Bancroft, who was 
understood to be contemplating the erection of a 
library building as a tribute to the memory of his 
estimable wife, such an enlargement or change of his 
plans as to allow a room, corridor, or alcove within 
its walls to be set apart and used for the purpose 
already indicated in regard to the house. A third 
proposal was to erect on a section of the Ballou 
homestead near the street a massive, ornate, impos- 
ing fountain, whose waters should flow perpetually 
and abundantly for the comfort and refreshment of 
both man and beast. This was strongly favored, 
not only on the ground of its practical utility, but 
because of its symbolic significance — the personal 
infiuence and public labors of Mr. Ballou having 
been a source of inspiration and renewed life to many 
souls. To these several propositions, however, there 
arose objections which caused them at length to be 
abandoned for another that seemed more feasible 
and satisfactory. And this was to place on some part 
of the said home lot a monument of massive size 
and artistic design, bearing fitly chosen inscriptions 
and emblems of a varied but distinctively expressive 
and appropriate character. 

That point being settled, another scarcely less 


perplexing and difficult of solution came to the 
front. What shall be the form of the monument 
itself, its architectural design or character? And 
efforts were at once put forth to obtain information 
and fix upon something acceptable and conclusive in 
that regard. Mr. and Mrs. Tebb, who had left 
Boston for the South before that matter came up for 
consideration, visited sculpture galleries, marble and 
granite works, and cemeteries along their way, hop- 
ing to find what in their judgment would serve the 
purpose in view, but without avail. I did the same 
in and about Boston and New York, but had no 
better success. They continued their quest in Lon- 
don and vicinity after their return home in Decem- 
ber with the same result. Nothing was found quite 
satisfactory to any of us. The search was at length 
suddenly terminated and all perplexity relieved in 
a manner as unexpected as it was gratifying and 

While making a call one morning upon Mrs. 
Edward L. Osgood at her home in Boston, the pro- 
posed monument became a theme of conversation. 
Referring to the form or design which should char- 
acterize it, she said with much feeling and emphasis, 
"It ought to be a statue." " Yes," I replied, " that 
Would be the most appropriate and desirable ; but 
statues cost money — much more than it was deemed 
possible to raise or wise to attempt to raise." And 
there, after a few more remarks between us, the mat- 
ter rested. 

The following day I wrote to her brother. Gen- 


eral Wm. F. Draper, then in Rome as United States 
Ambassador, giving him some account of the move- 
ment for the contemplated memorial and soliciting 
for it his favorable consideration and aid. I also 
spoke of the difficulty experienced in finding a suit- 
able design for the proposed structure, and asked 
him, situated as he was at one of the great art centers 
of the world, where sculptures greet the eye along 
almost every street, as well as in studios, museums, 
and galleries of art, to look about, and, if possible, 
find something that in his judgment would meet 
the requirements of the case. I also incidentally 
quoted the words of his sister the day before, with 
my comment in reply to them. 

By due course of mail an answer to this com- 
munication was received, expressing a deep interest 
in the enterprise and a readiness to render it sub- 
stantial aid, without going into details. A few days 
later a second letter came to hand, in which was this 
significant passage : "If the idea of a memorial 
statue meets the views of other contributing friends, 
I will make the following proposition : If they will 
provide the grounds properly fitted up, — say the 
lot on which Mr. Ballou's house now stands, — I 
will give a statue and pedestal." This generous 
oflFer was speedily made known to friends in this 
vicinity, who were much pleased with it, and in due 
time to Mr. and Mrs. Tebb, whose satisfaction and 
delight words could but inadequately express. 

Encouraged by this happy solution of a perplex- 
ing problem, those having the enterprise in charge 


deemed it advisable to institute immediate measures 
for its prosecution and fulfillment. Circulars were 
accordingly issued, stating briefly what had been 
undertaken and what accomplished, and soliciting 
contributions of money to meet the conditions upon 
which the proposed gift of an unnamed friend would 
become available. These circulars were sent to per- 
sonal friends of Mr. Ballou still living, (so far as they 
could be found,) to surviving members of the fam- 
ilies of those known to have passed away, and to 
persons understood to cherish a high regard for him 
and his work in the world. The response to the 
appeal was so prompt, and so generous withal, as to 
remove all doubt of ultimate success, and to warrant 
proceedings of a more definite and practical char- 

The first of these was to decide upon and secure 
the services of an artist for the construction of the 
statue and its legitimate adjuncts, and inquiries were 
at once made to that end. Several persons of em- 
inence as sculptors were suggested and their merits 
carefully considered. Among these was William 
Ordway Partridge, of New York city and Milton, 
Mass., a man of good repute in his profession, whose 
statues of Alexander Hamilton and General Grant 
(equestrian) in Brooklyn, N. Y., and of Shakespeare 
in Chicago are regarded as superior works of art by 
connoisseurs and much admired by the general pub- 
lic. He was highly recommended by Mr. Edwin D. 
Mead, of the " New England Magazine," a man of 
rare culture and refinement, in whose judgment 


there was good reason to confide. His favorable 
opinion was confirmed by other persons of similar 
qualifications whom it was deemed wise to consult in 
the matter. Rev. John W. Chadwick, of Brooklyn, 
somewhat of an art critic, wrote : " I do not think 
you would make a mistake in taking Mr. Partridge 
for your sculptor." Mr. Franklin W. Hooper, 
president of the Brooklyn Institute, a competent 
adviser in such a case, said, " I think Mr. Partridge 
can be relied on to do a good piece of work, and I 
believe that his education and temperament fit him 
well to study the problem of the statue of Adin 

Influenced by these and other testimonials of a 
like character I visited at different times his studio 
in Milton, where much of his larger work is done, 
for the purpose of examining the many products of 
his skill and toil to be found there and of interview- 
ing him face to face. The result was that he was 
given the commission for the construction of the 
statue and its monumental base, and a contract was 
made between us accordingly. 

I may add that while the model for the statue was 
in process of making at Milton, it was visited re- 
peatedly by Mrs. Heywood and myself, as it was 
once by persons from Hopedale and elsewhere, for 
the purpose of criticising it and offering such sugges- 
tions in the way of modification or change as were 
thought desirable in order to secure a satisfactory 
counterpart of the man whose outward form it was 
designed to represent. 


And now the work is done. The image of our 
beloved and honored one, reproduced in permanent 
and unalterable bronze, is completed and given its 
appropriate place on the spot made forever sacred as 
his former home, the seat of his most disinterested 
and arduous labors for God and Man, the center out 
of which went immeasurable power of blessing for 
the world ; and there it is to remain until its constit- 
uent elements are decomposed and crumble into 
dust, reminding those who look upon it of the 
noble personality, the sublime character, and distin- 
guished career of Adin Ballou, and helping to carry 
his name, his fame, and his influence onward and for- 
ward to the undetermined futures of human history. 

It is a great pleasure for me to announce that the 
moneys received in answer to the appeal sent forth 
as already stated tcfls sufficient to meet substantially 
the financial liabilities involved in the undertaking. 
They supplied means for the purchase of the grounds, 
the fitting them up as a site for the statue, and the 
meeting of the incidental expenses connected with the 
general management of aflFairs. By special arrange- 
ment with the Park Commissioners of Hopedale, 
they assumed the entire responsibility of grading, 
laying out, and beautifying the lot, putting in the 
foundation of the monument, and otherwise suiting 
the locality to the specific uses for which it has been 
set apart and is this day consecrated, making it an 
ornament and attractive feature among many others 
of this beautiful village. 

It will not be deemed out of place, I trust, for me 


to improve the present opportunity of saying a few 
words in grateful recognition of the contributions 
made in different ways by interested and willing 
parties to the triumphant success of the movement 
which to-day reaches its culmination and gains its 
crown. Nor shall I be thought invidious, I ven- 
ture to hope, if, in so doing, I mention names that 
have already passed my lips. We shall all of us 
long and gratefully remember the two English friends 
with whom the movement originated, from whom it 
received generous financial aid, and by whom it has 
been followed from first to last with unabated interest 
and satisfaction. It would have gladdened their 
hearts, had circumstances permitted, to have been with 
us on this occasion and participated in these services, 
as it would ours to have looked into their faces and 
^ven them cordial greeting. They are, no doubt, 
with us in spirit, and possibly at this moment are 
formally joining us in these commemorative observ- 
ances. " The date of the inauguration of the Memo- 
rial," wrote Mrs. Tebb in a recent communication, 
" will be kept as a red-letter day. The American and 
English flags will float on either side of our gateway, 
and there will be other indications of our rejoicing 
with you and all at Hopedale on the important 
occasion. Except for the impossibility for Mr. 
Tebb to take part in any public function, we should 
have tried to be with you." 

And I cannot refrain from referring again and in 
more personal terms to him whose munificent gener- 
osity has provided the noblest and most impressive 


feature of the Memorial, but whose generosity has in 
no wise exceeded the uniform courtesy, kindness, 
and magnanimity which he has manifested in this 
affair from the beginning until now. I may add 
that in arranging the details of these proceedings, the 
thought naturally turned to General Draper as the 
proper person to serve as President of the Day. He 
was asked to act in that capacity and to favor us with 
an address expressive of the admiration and rever- 
ence with which he regarded the man at whose feet 
we lay our offerings at this time. He accepted the 
invitation, but the state of his health and his physi- 
cian's interdiction prevent him from carrying his 
purpose into effect. This we can but deeply regret, 
not because we are not well provided for by the one 
who takes his place, but because we lose the charm 
and inspiration of his personality and the peculiarly 
fitting words which he would have spoken to us and 
which we should have so gladly heard. 

In ^ving expression to the gratitude which is due 
to those persons whose donations have made the 
Adin Ballou Memorial possible, and prepared the 
way for the satisfactions and delights of this occasion, 
it is designed to include all who in any way have 
aided in the work from the greatest to the least. 
The children and youth whose dimes and nickels 
have gone to swell the aggregate amount received 
are by no means to be forgotten or ignored, but 
counted in with those of larger gifts as helpers in a 
good and worthy cause. And even manifestations 
of friendly interest and words of encouragement un- 


accompanied by monied contributions have been 
duly appreciated and deemed deserving of remem- 

This review would lack an important feature and 
fail to do justice to all concerned did it not refer to 
the sculptor, Mr. Wm. Ordway Partridge, and the 
part he has taken in the achievement we are gathered 
here to -celebrate. As is evident to all thoughtful 
minds, he has wrought under embarrassing circum- 
stances and amid many difficulties. He had no living 
object before him to copy ; no bust, cast, or outward 
form of person, face, or feature, by which to shape 
his model or guide his thought and hand. He had 
nothing to aid him in his task but a few photographs, 
taken at different periods of life, under widely vary- 
ing conditions — none of them the exact reproduc- 
tions of him they claimed to represent, especially in 
his most natural posture and happiest mood. He 
could and did receive suggestions, as indicated, from 
persons who had known the subject. But those 
persons were of diversified tastes, retained different 
memories or impressions of the man himself, had 
dissimilar ideas regarding attitude, expression of 
countenance, etc. ; and often when not satisfied were 
unable to state definitely what should be done to 
remedy the real or supposed defect. But Mr. Par- 
tridge studied his subject thoroughly, even to the 
careful reading of his autobiography, examined the 
pictures of him carefully, listened to criticisms and 
suggestions patiently and endeavored to profit by 
them, wrought conscientiously, and, I feel justified in 


saying, has succeeded admirably. Not that there are 
no blemishes or defects to be seen ; not that every- 
thing is true to life ; not that perfection is attained. 
But Mr. Partridge has given us a fine specimen of 
the sculptor's art ; he has fashioned for us a grand 
representation of majestic manhood, an excellent re- 
production of the bodily form and distinctive person- 
ality of Adin Ballou. 

Of the other features of the Memorial — the 
pedestal on which the statue rests, the surrounding 
grounds, and all connected therewith, I have occasion 
to say but a word : they all speak for themselves ; 
they are their own commendation, reflecting credit 
and honor in proportionate degree upon those re- 
spectively under whose superintendence and by 
whose skill and labor they have been prepared and 
fitted for their proper place and office in this com- 
memorative achievement. 

And so, dear friends, we come to the end of our 
story. The work is done. The hopes of two years 
ago are this day fulfilled and justified. The Adin 
Ballou Memorial is completed and now receives its 
coronation. The outward token of our gratitude, 
veneration, and love is before us, its chief feature a 
type of that simple moral beauty and majesty which 
characterized the personality and the career of him 
whose name it bears. There it is and there may it re- 
main, a mute but eloquent witness, not alone to the 
man it represents, but to the grandeur and eternal 
excellence of those fundamental principles of truth, 
righteousness, and love, of which he was an able and 


eminent champion and interpreter. There it is and 
there may it remain for centuries yet to come, or until 
those principles find practical illustration in all the 
affairs and relations of human life, among all peoples 
in all parts of the globe ; till the great end for which 
he longed, prayed, labored, when incarnate in the 
flesh, be accomplished ; till the sublime ideal that so 
gladdened his eye and heart be made real, and the 
glorious vision to which he was never disobedient 
becomes actualized in the experience of mankind. 
That end, that ideal and vision, was a divine order 
of society, a kingdom of heaven on the earth, pat- 
terned after and representing, in imperfect degree 
to be sure, but still representing the society of the 
blessed in higher realms of being. He was ever 
contemplating and ever striving to hasten the coming 
of the time in which he believed with all his heart, 
when, in the unfolding purpose of God as revealed 
by prophets and poets since the world began, men, 
rising above their selfishness and pride, their cruelty 
and crime, their scorn and hate of one another, shall 
dwell together as one great brotherhood ; when so- 
called Christian nations, instead of ignoring or tram- 
pling under foot the most central teachings of the 
Master they profess to serve by waging bloody and 
wicked wars, thus multiplying the miseries of the 
world, shall make them the basis of all public poli- 
cies, whether relating to domestic concerns, to their 
intercourse with each other, or their dealings with 
inferior and more benighted peoples ; and when the 
angelic song of " Peace on earth, good will to men " 


shall be no longer a memory, an echo of a melody 
that " came upon the midnight clear " in the long 
time ago, or a merely sentimental ditty falling upon 
careless, unresponsive ears and hearts, but a " Gloria 
in Excelsis" indeed, charged with uplifting and 
transforming power — the full-choired anthem of 
a regenerate humanity and a ransomed world, wherein 
universal man lives in love and harmony with his 
brother man, and God, the infinite Spirit, is all and 
in all. 

And now the only remaining duty I have to per- 
form at this time is to present this Memorial of Adin 
Ballou, in the name and behalf of those by whose 
contributions it has been made possible, with all its 
belongings, as originally provided, to the town of 
Hopedale, to have and to hold it in fee simple and 
in exclusive proprietorship for safe keeping and pre- 
servation, from this time henceforth to many gener- 
ations. And to you, sir (addressing Mr. Frank J. 
Dutcher), representing the inhabitants of said town 
as chairman of its Board of Park Commissioners, I 
take pleasure in passing this title-deed (handing him 
the document) properly executed and attested, con- 
veying the same, as stated, according to due forms 
of law. I confidently trust that you and those for 
whom you act, as also your and their successors, will 
guard and protect this possession, with unremitting 
diligence and care, in order that it may long endure, 
unimpaired by the hand of the spoiler and the rav- 
ages of time, to testify by its presence in this beau- 
tiful village and in this general community to the 


noble character and no less noble work of him in 
whose honor it is erected, and to the perpetuity of 
whose name, fame, and influence we this day con- 
secrate it ; in aflFectionate and reverent remembrance 
of him, and in adoring gratitude to the Author of 
all good for the unspeakable gift of such a friend, 
teacher, exemplar, and benefactor to us and the 



It gives me much pleasure to accept, in behalf of 
the Town of Hopedale through its Board of Park 
Commissioners, the property conveyed by this deed. 
For those who knew Mr. Ballou for many years this 
piece of land has associations not possessed by any 
other spot in town. Here he lived for nearly half 
a century ; many of us remember his venerable form 
at the well known seat at his desk in the south win- 
dow, or possibly occupied in outdoor pursuits, and 
his genial smile which met us in passing. Every 
tree upon the premises was planted by his hands and 
bears evidence of the thoroughness with which he 
accomplished his work. It is therefore fitting that 
the scene of a large share of his active life should 
have been selected as the site of a permanent memo- 
rial. The statue which we are here to dedicate will 
be a constant reminder to this and future generations 
of the founder of this town and of the principles for 


which he stood. In accordance with the wishes of 
those who have generously contributed towards this 
Memorial, the Park Commissioners as its custodians 
will endeavor to give it such care as will render it of 
permanent benefit to the community. 



Mr. President, Ladies, and Gentlemen, — It 
is with no little hesitation that I take my place here 
to-day as one of those who are to bear witness to the 
great goodness and value of the life of Adin Ballou. 
There are those here present who knew him in those 
early days when, in his mature manhood, he so 
bravely confronted the evils of Society, State, and 
Church, and never wavered from his own conceptions 
of personal responsibility. I had the honor and 
the great happiness of only five years — the closing 
years of his life in our midst — in which to walk and 
talk with him ; but they were years of such intimacy 
of fellowship that perhaps they may in a measure 
represent a much longer time of association. 

This is an important day in the history of our 
town. We have come here to honor the memory of 
that man, who, on the 24th day of March, 1 842, with 
a little company of earnest and sympathetic co-labor- 
ers, met in the " old house," and, to use his own 
words, " with praise and prayer and thanksgiving and 
fraternal congratulations," started out to put into 
practical application what he was pleased to call the 
principles of Christian Socialism. Success in this 
world takes on many outward forms. Not all are 


born to accomplish the same things ; not all are con- 
stituted to achieve the same results. But he is, after 
all, the most successful man who most thoroughly 
enables his contemporaries and those who come after 
him to realize the highest type of manhood. Adin 
Ballou struggled all his life to gain this kind and 
quality of success. No one can read his autobiography 
without being convinced that at an early age he had 
a " heavenly vision," and that he never became 
disobedient to it. He insisted in his own life upon 
the practice of those virtues which should strengthen, 
cleanse, and beautify his own character, and he showed 
thousands of others how they might accomplish 
similar results. He did not hesitate when he had 
once formed a determination to espouse what he be- 
lieved to be the truth, no matter what it might cost 
in terms of obloquy, persecution, and self-sacrifice. 
He was led through this loyalty to truth and right 
to abandon one position after another as greater 
light came to him from time to time ; but he was 
consistent through all the years of his notable life to 
the vision of personal and social progress which had 
appealed to him in his early days. The monument 
which we dedicate to-day would be of little value if it 
did not represent and enforce some great and lofty 
ideas. To rear merely the efHgy of a particular man 
for his own sake is of little avail. The man in whose 
memory it is raised must have lived and taught and 
labored for some great end that his fellow-men ac- 
count worthy to be realized in practical human life. 
This monument to Adin Ballou would hardly be 


worth the material of which it is composed if it were 
not to remind the passer-by that human life is some- 
thing which has a divine significance. I know that 
it shall be said by many that the life of Adin Ballou 
was most significant because of his experiment to 
work out a system of society based upon socialistic 
principles. With such I have no controversy, and I 
shall applaud every word that shall be said in praise 
of that noble enterprise. But there are many and 
unforeseen complications in all ages that make such 
experiments more or less futile. Humanity in all 
its great variety must have scope for its innumerable 
tastes, capacities, and longings. The great world is so 
large, human nature is so fond of its personal freedom 
— even to do wrong or to do nothing — that the 
generations as they come and go are forever presenting 
so many new and unknown factors that the human 
mind has not yet appeared which is able to grasp and 
make practical (or, I believe, even desirable) any uni- 
versally efficient plan of social, political, and industrial 
cooperation. The day may come, but it has not yet 
arrived, when so great a scheme may be made mani- 
fest. At present it is for us to lay the emphasis 
upon those fundamental laws of personal righteous- 
ness and social good will, which, I believe, were the 
paramount factors in the teachings and in the char- 
acter of Adin Ballou. In all times and in all places 
they need such grand re-statements as he so elo- 
quently made. Through much struggle and through 
study, self-denial, and hard work he sought to accom- 
plish the enlightenment and spiritual elevation of 


Adin Ballou was great, too, in my opinion, because 
he believed that a human soul once individualized 
and set upon its work needed the whole of time and 
the whole of eternity in which to do it. No little 
span of threescore years and ten would do. Our at- 
tention has been called to the fact that when he was met 
by apparent failure there was no bitterness, no rancor, 
no cynicism in his conversation. This is easy to un- 
derstand when we realize that he knew that no good 
work is ever a failure. Adin Ballou did not fail ! 
His success was genuine and ample because it was 
the success which always attends good thoughts, good 
deeds, good motives, good principles, and a perfect 
faith. And he knew, as we all ought to know, that 
whatever may be the passing incidents of this present 
life, all high and holy purposes are bound to reach 
fulfillment in God's own good timei He knew that 
when he laid aside his work in this sphere of human 
interest he was to be commissioned for a still higher 
and wider service in the higher life. He knew that 
the spiritual life in store for him and for us all was 
to be in the style and fashion of all that the Infinite 
and Eternal had promised in the hopes and aspira- 
tions of the sons of men. 

And finally, Adin Ballou believed that man could 
never realize himself and the immortal soul could 
never reach its glorious destiny in the midst of dis- 
cord, strife, human hatred, or anything that degrades 
it. And, therefore, in season and out of season, he 
championed the great gospel of peace and good will, 
— peace and good will in the heart, peace and good 


wU in our thoughts one of another, — social, sec- 
tarian, national, and industrial peace and good will. 
All the wrongs and miseries of human life must give 
"WBj when that life is spiritualized and purged of its 
destructive and debasing tendencies. This was his 
triumphant doctrine. It beamed upon him in those 
early days of his heavenly vision. It was the star 
of his lifelong devotion. He was loyal to it to the 

Yes, we honor the memory of Adin Ballou to- 
day because he believed in the divine mission of the 
human soul; because he proclaimed a grand and 
victorious immortality ; and, finally, because through 
all his active years he actually incarnated the spirit 
which runs in the lines of that prophetic poem of 
our beloved Longfellow, — 

** Were half the power that fills the world with terror. 
Were half the wealth bestowed on camps and courts. 
Given to redeem the human mind fi-om error. 
There were no need of arsenals and forts. 

** Down the dark future, through long generations. 
The echoing sounds grow Winter and then cease ; 
And like a bell, with solemn, sweet vibrations, 

I hear once more the voice of Christ say, * Peace ! ' 

** Peace! and no longer from its brazen portals 

The blast of War's great organ shakes the skies! 
But beautiful as songs of the immortals. 
The holy melodies of love arise." 

The band at this stage of the proceedings fivored 
the audience with another piece of music, after which 


a little time was given to the reading of letters frorrx 
persons known to have great respect for Mr. Balloxa 
and to be in cordial sympathy with many of his dis— 
tinctive views, received in response to invitations to 
be present and participate in the exercises of tl>.e 
occasion. They are presented as tributes to Ixis 
personal worth, his generous aims in life, and l^is 
unfaltering zeal in every good word and work. 


The oldest living associate and co-^worker of Mr. Ballon. 

It would be a great pleasure to me, my friends, 
o be with you by bodily presence, as I certainly am 
ti spirit, to share with you the social and spiritual 
nspiration and influences of this most interesting 
iccasion attendant upon the lifting of the veil from 
he memorial statue of my almost lifelong friend and 
>rother, Adin Ballou, and the dedication of it to one 
)f the ablest and noblest men of his generation, in 
lis sphere of life and work. He was consecrated 
nost devotedly and earnestly to God and humanity 
or the advancement of the Divine Kingdom through- 
)ut society. For seventy years in a broad field he 
^reached with much power and effective influence 
he Christ's gospel of " good tidings of great joy " 
:o all people, which breathed only " peace on earth 
ind good will to men ; " and now his representation, 
jtanding in perpetuity, will give emphatic though 
iilent support to the great cause he so long worked 
'or with voice and pen. 

As I have known something of the movement 
resulting in this Memorial, I am quite sure that the 
family and friends of Mr. Ballou must appreciatively 
and gratefully esteem and honor the man who, with 


kindred spirit to him, was also consecrated to Go( 
and humanity : I mean Mr. William Tebb, of Lon — 
don, who first, I understand, proposed some fitting 

monument to Mr. Ballou, offering also a very gen 
erously large amount as the beginning of a genera 
subscription for it. His most intelligent and excel — 
lent wife, once a beloved member of my own family, 
no doubt encouraged and supported him in this by 
her corresponding spirit. Other rich men and 
women also who followed these with generous dona- 
tions will be fully appreciated and honored, as will 
the many beside who could give only their mites in 
comparison; even the smallest amounts will share 
their due proportion of gratitude and praise as the 
practical friends of the great departed brother, who 
was the equal friend of all classes. Heaven bless 
them all, both rich and poor ; and may they all find 
their great friend and each other in some higher and 
better sphere of being, in that blessed heaven for 
which Dr. Martineau said " all men sometimes sigh 
and good men hope." 

Fraternally yours, 

Wm. H. Fish. 

from francis j. garrison. 

Lexington, Oct. 2$, 1900. 

My DEAR Mr. Heywood: — 

I am indebted to you for your kind reminder of 
the dedication of the Adin Ballou monument at 


Hopedale on Saturday, and regret that I cannot be 
present on the occasion. I am glad that the town 
with which he was so long identified, and to which 
he gave such moral and spiritual uplift, is to have 
this bronze effigy of him as a constant reminder of 
its debt to him. From my earliest boyhood the 
name of Adin Ballou has always been associated with 
Hopedale, and it is impossible for me to think of 
one without the other. He was truly its patron 
saint, and it is most fitting that his form and face 
should thus be made familiar to the generations to 
come, and his memory kept undying. 
I am, with great regard. 

Very truly yours, 

Francis J. Garrison, 


President of Meadville Theological School. 

Meadville, Penn^, October 23 d, 1900. 

Dear Mr. Heywood, — I regret exceedingly 
that school duties stand in the way of my accepting 
your kind invitation to attend and take part in the 
exercises at Hopedale next Saturday. The moral 
heroism of the life of Adin Ballou well deserves the 
recognition which it is to receive from his devoted 
friends, and I should esteem it a great privilege to 
be present at the installation of the Memorial which 
their generosity has provided. 

Cordially yours, 

George L. Gary. 



President of the Universal Peace Union. 

Philadelphia, Tenth Mo., 25, 1900. 

Dear Friends, — It is with profound regret that 
I have to deny myself the renewed baptism which is 
to come with the unveiling of the statue of the re- 
vered Apostle of Peace, our beloved Adin Ballou, 
and the appropriate dedication services accompany- 
ing that ceremony. Yes, give us a monument to 
Adin Ballou on the consecrated soil of Hopedale. 
It will be a re-consecration. The light of his pure 
life already makes it " holy ground." 

Few men had a deeper hold of my affection and 
esteem. Model and tutor he was to me. The very 
thought of him is an inspiration and a stimulus to 
strive for the realization of our highest ideals. It 
was the magnetism of the Divine in him that drew 
purest streams from the spiritual fountains of our 
soul life. Our thoughts were better thoughts, our 
struggles were lighter struggles, because of his faith 
and trust. His " Christian Non-Resistance " was 
my text-book. It was the clearest exposition of 
Peace principles ever issued from the press. 

Adin Ballou was one of the founders of the Uni- 
versal Peace Union. He was a necessity of the age. 
A gigantic civil war was putting professions to the 
test. The first gun fired on Sumter, April 10, 
1 86 1, placed peace men upon trial. It made the 
Universal Peace Union. At informal meetings held 


preliminary to its formation his presence was electric ; 
his addresses were powerful, argumentative, convin- 
cing. When organization was effected he ought to 
have been elected permanent president, and I so re- 
commended, but he declined. Yes, let it be a monu- 
ment both in heart and in sight ! It is, I believe, the 
first monument that was ever erected to a pure, radi- 
cal, conscientious, and consistent Peace man ! 

I can never forget my visit to Hopedale and to 
the home of Adin Ballou. I was there on Sunday 
and had the rare pleasure of hearing him in his own 
church, and the privilege of participating in the ser- 
vice, speaking for peace and arbitration. From the 
meeting we went to his lovely home doubly endeared 
by his estimable partner. When the time came for 
us to separate, he emphasized his exalted aspirations 
and bold demands for Peace, but sadly said at last, 
"I walk in the shadow of my great disappoint- 

Yes, I repeat, unveil the statue, dispel the dark- 
ness, and " let his light so shine before men that they 
may see his good works and glorify our Father which 
is in heaven." 

Your attached friend, 

Alfred H. Love. 

from william lloyd garrison. 

Boston, October 24, 1900. 

My dear Friend, — I regret not to be present 
at the dedication of the Adin Ballou Memorial. In 


these days of war, when the strenuous life of the 
fighter is exalted and the peaceful precepts of Jesus 
are derided, it is an especially appropriate time to 
celebrate the memory of the great non-resistant of 

Adin Ballou was a rare and noble man, living his 
long life in the spirit of love and seeking to bless his 
generation. With his unceasing labor for the true 
brotherhood of the race and the realization of the 
Sermon on the Mount, he naturally allied himself 
with the abolitionists and kindred reformers. His 
name is an honored one in anti-slavery annals. The 
poor blessed him, and his gentle yet sturdy nature 
drew him to the side of the suffering and the op- 

The Hopedale Community was a center of light 
and influence. It was a brave effort for high thought 
and plain living amid surroundings far from propi- 
tious. It will be remembered and cherished long after 
the thousand financially successful enterprises of the 
day are forgotten. From it radiated ideas and apostles 
who carried with them renewed faith in humanity, 
and aspirations having for their goal the reign of 
heaven upon earth. 

The busy world regarded Hopedale with indiffer- 
ence and its dignified and stalwart founder with 
amused tolerance, wondering how one could spend 
himself in such unprofitable work. For what pur- 
pose has this life except the acquisition of material 
gain ? But invisibly, the seed so humbly sown grew 
in the hearts and souls of men eventually to be 


scattered across the sea. Mr. Ballou lived to receive 

the recognition of Tolstoy, whose genius has made 

all nations of the earth give ear to the gospel of 


My father's regard and veneration for this true 

philanthropist and attached co-worker has been left 

as a legacy to his children. As one I deem it a 

privilege to pay this inadequate tribute to Adin 


Very sincerely yours, 

Wm. Lloyd Garrison. 


Hamburg, 5th Oct., 1900. 

Dear Mr. & Mrs. Heywood, — Mrs. Tebb 
and I were much gratified at the receipt of your 
esteemed letter informing us that the Adin Ballou 
Memorial was nearly completed, and the ground (so 
fittingly chosen) where it is to stand had been made 
ready for its reception. You also extend a cordial 
invitation to ourselves to be present and participate 
in the interesting ceremony of dedication. 

I need hardly say that, heartily sympathizing with 
your object, and reverencing the man whom you will 
assemble to honor, nothing would afford us greater 
satisfaction than to be able to comply with your 
wishes and be permitted to unite with you and the 
surviving friends. Some of these will undoubtedly 
recall their reminiscences of Adin Ballou, — his 
struggles in initiating beneficent reforms, his wise 


teachings, his high ideals, and his unfaltering (sii 
in the ultimate triumph of the principles he adva — 
cated for the permanent well-being of the humarr 

Your letter reached me at Berlin (where I was con- 
sulting a well-known physician), the capital of an 
empire which boasts of possessing three millions of 
trained soldiers, — a crushing burden to the nation 
and a menace to liberty and progress throughout 
the continent of Europe. Happily, however, there 
are not wanting signs in the rapid spread of socialistic 
ideas that the people of Germany are becoming tired 
of the rule of the " mailed fist " and of the misery 
which it entails. 

In the presence, however, of the growth of mili- 
tarism and aggressive imperialism in my own coun- 
try, with its legacy of bitter race hatred, it hardly 
becomes me to refer to the irrational policy of other 
nations. England has, I fear, forfeited her historic 
title to be considered the friend of oppressed nation- 
alities by the stupendous blunder of the South Afri- 
can war, — a war provoked by a few ambitious and 
unscrupulous politicians and their rapacious allies. 
Those present at the approaching commemorative 
service, whose privilege it was, like my own, to 
possess the personal friendship of Adin Ballou can 
realize what this venerated apostle of peace and 
righteousness would think of it all. How strenu- 
ously he would have exposed and denounced its 
wickedness ! and with what unerring judgment and 
logic he would have shown a more excellent way ! 


In a letter to Mrs. Tebb on the true sources of 
happiness, dated 4th June, 1875, ^^ ^^^^ • " ^^ ^"" 
envious, unrevengeful, forbearing spirit, which seeks 
to overcome evil with good only, is indispensable to 
true happiness. Yet the majority of mankind, as 
individuals, communities, and nations, expend a large 
portion of their time and resources in resenting in- 
sults, retaliating injuries, and crushing out offenders 
and enemies with deadly force ! " 

Adin Ballou spent his long and valuable life in 
opposing slavery, mammon, war, and social injustice, 
and endeavoring to build up a community in which 
the laws of health, reason, moral order, and practical 
Christianity should prevail; and the statue now 
erected to him will be a perpetual memorial of his 
work for future generations. 

Believe me, dear Mr. & Mrs. Heywood, 

Yours very faithfully, 

Wm. Tebb. 
For Mrs. Tebb and myself. 

The following telegram was received at a late 


of New York City, 

Regret that I cannot be with you. Many hon- 
ors to Adin Ballou, the true patriot, prophet, and 
inspirer of men. 



Mr. Chairman, — It seems hardly necessary for 
me to add anything to what has been already so 
fittingly said of the work and character of our dear 
friend, Adin Ballou. But I wish to say that it has 
had my hearty and unqualified assent. Allow me, 
then, to speak of some personal recollections of him 
and my indebtedness to him for influences which 
have done much to guide my life. 

When a child of four or five years, I remember 
spelling out his name on " The Independent Messen- 
ger," — a religious paper edited by him, and pub- 
lished at Mendon, — and the thrill of surprise and 
satisfaction it gave me to have accomplished so 
much in learning to read. From that day to this it 
has been a name associated with tender memories 
and pleasant to repeat. 

When the body of my elder brother was brought 
home from the pond where he was drowned while 
gathering lilies, his gentle voice, his comforting 
words, his face radiant with trust and love, were an 
unspeakable blessing to father and mother. In the 
church listening to his preaching, often not knowing 
what it meant, still that melodious voice, that digni- 
fied manner, that glowing countenance impressed 


me deeply, and made me feel that he spoke of things 
trae and heavenly. 

I was a member of the Sunday-school which he 
first organized in the Mendon Church, and recall 
words and stories of his annual addresses, especially 
one on David and Goliath ; nor shall I ever forget 
his Fourth of July oration in the church (I think 
in 1838) upon the wrong and sin of slavery, — a 
forcible, exhaustive, and convincing argument, which 
I listened to impatiently, while a dime was burning 
in my pocket given me for celebrating the day. The 
oration was published here and in England, and 
widely circulated. It produced a profound sensa- 
tion in the town and the Church, and was the means 
of alienating some of his friends and supporters, 
making it more difficult to raise his salary, which 
never exceeded five hundred dollars. His advocacy 
of the cause of temperance, speaking for it in the 
district schoolhouses of the town, of the anti-slavery 
cause, and the cause of peace, while seriously increas- 
ing the burdens of his work, widely extended his 
influence and won for him many devoted followers. 
I well remember his removal to this place in 1 842 
on the formation of the Hopedale Community, when 
the old Jones mansion was the only house here, 
where to-day we see a large and prosperous village. 
It was my good fortune to visit the place in that 
year and meet the members, when the whole Com- 
munity — some fifteen or twenty persons — were 
sheltered under one roof and living together as one 
family. Subsequently, when a private school was 


established here under Mr. Ballou's charge, I became 
one of his pupils. Thus more than ten years of my 
early life were under his direct personal influence. I 
learned to regard him with the highest respect, and 
even a feeling akin to reverence, — a sentiment that 
the experience of later years has only deepened ; 
and as I look back. upon the past of my life I feel 
that I owe to him much of whatever good I have 
done for others or attained for myself. It was due 
not so much to what he said as what he was. High, 
broad, and noble as his sentiments were, the man 
was more and nobler. 

The founding of the Hopedale Community was 
an earnest attempt to embody in civic and social life 
the principles of the Sermon on the Mount, — the 
spirit of Christian brotherhood and of sonship with 
God, — the noblest conception of life and duty ever 
taught by man. Adin Ballou believed in these 
sentiments with all his mind, heart, and soul, and 
did all in his power to make them effective in human 
society and upon the consciences of men. His faith 
in them never waned or wavered ; they might be de- 
feated to-day, but they were sure to rise to-morrow, 
" for the eternal years of God are theirs." All his 
disappointments had not shaken his conviction of 
their invincible power ; to fight against them was 
contending with the Almighty. In this faith he 
lived, in this faith he died. 

A man of the people, in sympathy with all classes 
and conditions in their hopes and struggles for 
what is better, his early life was passed on the farm 


where he was inured to hardship and enjoyed few 
privileges of intellectual improvement. But he was 
a diligent student all his days of books, of men, of 
society, and an efficient laborer with the axe, the 
scythe, the hoe, on his own little homestead. " I am 
not ashamed," he said, " to be seen doing any kind of 
work however hard and disagreeable." Thus he was 
in sympathy with the workers in all departments of 
industry, glad to take them by the hand and give 
them words of good cheer. A man of tireless activ- 
ity as long as he lived, working with hands or brain, 
in the garden, at the printing press, with his pen, or 
poring over family and town records to compile his 
historical and genealogical books, he accomplished 
an amount of literary work, much of it the hardest 
drudgery, that is astonishing — work requiring untir- 
ing patience and persistence for fifty years. But after 
all, what is to live longest and prove most helpful 
and beneficent is the example, the faith, the spirit 
of Adin Ballou, as they have touched, broadened, and 
elevated other souls. The noble statue which we 
have dedicated to his memory may fall and crumble 
into dust, this beautiful village that he founded, with 
its vast industries and its splendid prosperity, may 
sink into decay, and the valley itself become again the 
wilderness it was two hundred years ago when Deacon 
John Jones, of the Mendon Church, here began the 
first clearing, but the fruit of his life, garnered up 
in souls made more Christ-like by his influence and 
going forth from them to quicken and uplift other 
souls, shall endure when all material things have 
passed away. 



Mr, President, Ladies, and Gentlemen, — I 
am invited to occupy a brief space of time on this 
occasion as the representative of Worcester County 
Commandery, K. T., of which the subject of these 
remarks was in days of yore an active and worthy 
member. His Masonic record in brief is as follows : 
— made a Master Mason in Charity Lodge, now 
dormant, at Milford in 1824, the year of his major- 
ity, having been born in 1803, ^^^ Worshipful 
Master of the Lodge in 1826 ; exalted a Royal Arch 
Mason in Mt. Lebanon Chapter, Medway, in 1825 ? 
created a Knight Templar in Worcester County Com- 
mandery, then located at Holden but now at Worces- 
ter, Sept. 15, 1825, of which he was a useful and 
esteemed member for several years. Sept. 7, 1871, 
he was elected an honorary member of that body, 
and at the time of his decease was the oldest surviv- 
ing member both in age and membership. 

** Ere mature manhood marked his youthful brow 
He sought our altar and he made his vow : 
Upon the tesselated floor he trod. 
Bended his knee and placed his trust in God. 
Through all his long and noble life he stood 
A true, warm Brother, foremost e'er in good.*' 


Now a few words of reminiscence. It had been 
my privilege to know of Mr. Ballou from childhood, 
and to have heard him discourse as a Christian 
Minister in the church of his faith in my native 
town of Uxbridge. My recollections of him as he 
appeared to me at that time are vivid to this day. 
So frequent were his ministrations on wedding and 
funeral occasions, particularly the latter, in all the 
region round about, that his name became a house- 
hold word. 

It was my privilege, also, during the years of the 
'40's to read his paper, " The Practical Christian," 
which was so ably edited by him ; and during the 
last several years of his life, it was my good fortune 
to meet him occasionally in person and thus recall 
my recollections of him and renew my acquaintance 
with him. My impressions of him from my first 
knowledge of him to the close of his life were that he 
was one of nature's noblemen — a man who walked 
daily with his God and could always be counted as 
a friend, both in companionship and counsel. 

Rev. Adin Ballou — a man honored as a citizen, 
a Mason, a Knight Templar, and as a Christian 
Minister ; beloved and esteemed by his family, his 
neighbors, his fellow-townsmen, and by all who 
had his acquaintance during his long, preeminently 
active and useful life, till its very close, — who can 
truthfully tell the story of this life and measure the 
influence which it had for good upon all who came 
in contact with it for a period of more than four- 
score years ! How fiill of kindly words, noble deeds. 


righteous endeavors, was this life ! The poet has 
thus written of a good man : — 

*' O truest man, one in a thousand men ! — 
O generous heart, O trusty faithful heart ! 
How in our hearts indelibly is drawn 
The record of thy virtues, many and pure. 
Twin record with the registry in Heaven, 
Whose penman is, O joy, the onmiscient God ! 
He made our Brother, made him of the clay 
So sacred hence to virtue and to us ! " 

But I am not here to pronounce an extended 
eulogy of this good man, your fellow-townsman, for 
this has been so well and truthfully done by the 
speakers who have preceded me that I need not 
multiply words in that direction. I am happy to 
know that the people of this town and the friends of 
Mr. Ballou, here and elsewhere, among them your dis- 
tinguished fellow-citizen, Hon. William F. Draper, 
our late ambassador to Italy, have made it possible 
by their generous contributions to erect yonder 
heroic statue of enduring bronze upon the site of 
his former home in this community during many 
years of his life — a most appropriate spot — upon 
which shall stand for many generations the image, 
aye, the counterpart of this worthy man and highly 
esteemed citizen. You, as his friends and neigh- 
bors, do well to show your profound regard for 
such a man by words of eulogy and by erecting an 
enduring memorial like that which we have assem- 
bled to dedicate on this occasion. Well may we 


pay tribute to his memory. Ne'er lived a truer, 
nobler man than he. 

There may his memorial stand and stand forever 
upon that sacred spot hallowed by the association of 
the years of a long, useful, godly life, as a silent 
teacher of all that is true and noble in manhood, in 
good citizenship, and in the highest type of Chris- 
tian character. 



I aM deeply conscious, Mr. Chairman, of the im- 
portance of this occasion. It is significant that we 
are paying tribute to a man for being brave and 
heroic in the cause of charity and peace. But before 
speaking of him, let me say a few words concerning 
the projector of this Memorial. In his personal 
character, in his quality of mind and heart, in self- 
abnegating efforts to promote and accomplish what 
would be of benefit to others, William Tebb is a 
worthy successor of Adin Ballou. If, as in the case 
of the ancient prophets, the spirit of one came in 
great power upon the other, then is William Tebb 
a man so inspired. All the praise that has already 
been bestowed upon him, he has richly deserved. 
His career of philanthropy for many years past, his 
devoted efforts in behalf of others, his generous 
munificence, his zeal in endeavoring to break the 
chains which arbitrary power had forged, have had 
few examples in our time to equal them. Iniquity 
framed into law is no less baleful in its character 
than when defiant of law, and he has swerved in no 
effort for its removal. Truly such a man is imbued 
with a spirit and purpose like that of the man whom 
we are assembled here to honor. 


The late William Leggett once said, " Show me 
a thing to be right in principle and I will reduce it 
to practice if I can." In this utterance, so tersely 
made, we find delineated the character and career of 
Adin Ballou. Were I to have any doubt of him, it 
would arise from the praise I hear so unstintingly 
bestowed. When all men speak well of a person, 
he is generally a trimmer rather than a reformer. 
The latter must wait for a future generation to do 
him justice. Yet Adin Ballou was a man whom it 
is meet to praise. 

It was not my fortune to be personally associated 
with him. I only knew him by years of correspond- 
ence. Once, however, in 1848, the reformers of that 
period held a convention at West Winfield, N. Y., 
in which he was the principal speaker ; I made a 
day's journey to be present. It is hardly necessary 
to mention the impression he made upon me. I 
remember how he appeared as he stood in the pulpit 
of the church where we were assembled. His man- 
ner of address was remarkable for its gentleness, his 
utterances were mild, but his argument was cogent 
and full of a force that seemed to overbear all ques- 
tion* The closing sentence, " I have done," still 
rings in my ears. 

The civil war through which our country passed 
apparently obliterated its former history from the 
memory of most people. Few are able to tell what 
took place before it, or to recall the momentous ques- 
tions that then agitated the public mind. Yet there 
was an irrepressible moral conflict going on in which 


brave souls were engaged, and mortal but immoral 
efforts were put forth to soothe and silence the voice 
of awakened conscience. It was amid those scenes 
that Adin Ballou passed the heroic period of his life. 

He early displayed that openness to religious con- 
viction that inspired and characterized his endeavors 
in everything that he undertook. He never lost his 
faith in the spiritual, but always cognized the superior 
powers that direct and influence human action. He 
believed in God as the Father of mankind, who did 
not will that any should perish. But he was con- 
scious that salvation is subjective and moral rather 
than judicial. In his conception it consisted in being 
made free from sin itself— from the turpitude, the 
actual thinking and doing wrong rather than from 
the penalties. Hence while he ignored all notion 
of a retribution inflicted arbitrarily by a God un- 
ceasingly angry, he thought and taught that no soul 
on .earth or beyond the earth would enjoy the Divine 
presence except by putting away everything evil and 
learning to do well. 

Believing, as he did, in a religion and worship that 
should be active and efficient in every department 
of human life, he took part in the various move- 
ments of his day for bettering the condition of his 
kind. He was keenly sensitive to the evils of 
drunkenness, to its entailing of disease, poverty, and 
wretchedness, bringing devastation to homes and de- 
struction to morals and social life, and fought valiantly 
against that widely prevailing vice. The appeal had 
gone forth against the enslaving of human beingSj 


and many and mighty were the efforts of men in 
power and in business to prevent the agitation of the 
subject and silence the moral uprising of the people 
to bring the wickedness to an end. The prosperity 
of the country was involved, it was affirmed, inasmuch 
as it depended vitally upon the wealth produced by 
slave labor. Adin Ballou chose to be just rather than 
rich, and so was an abolitionist. It was also claimed 
that women as well as men are charged with the 
duties and responsibilities of our daily life, and are 
therefore entitled in justice to a full share of its 
powers and privileges. He acknowledged the claim 
and its consequent right, and woman found in him a 
sympathizer and helper. 

There was another issue in his view equally im- 
portant and essential with those named. He held 
and maintained that the Sermon on the Mount in- 
culcated an order of life that can be and ought to be 
lived. He met the obligation manfully and sought 
to weave the lesson into every-day experience — to 
practice that real charity which seeks as paramount 
the good of others, to submit to wrong instead 
of doing wrong, resisting not with violence the evil 
assailant, but turning to him the unsmitten cheek, 
aspiring in all things to be perfect as the heav- 
enly Father is perfect, forgiving injury and seeking 
only to know and do the will of God. When the 
Non-Resistant Society became desuete in Boston, it 
found shelter in Hopedale. 

This doctrine was vital in primitive Christianity 
and was fiiUy believed and taught by Adin Ballou. 


It was announced by two Hebrew prophets of the 
ancient time who said, " Let us go up to the mount 
of Jehovah, to the house of the God of Jacob, and 
he will teach us his ways and we will walk in his 
paths." " And he shall judge among the nations 
and rebuke many peoples. And they shall beat 
their swords into ploughshares and their spears into 

And then comes the proclamation of the true evan- 
gel, without which Christianity is no better than an 
empty gourd, " Nation shall not lift up sword against 
nation, neither shall they learn war any more** If 
there be a Christianity different from that or adverse 
to it, far be it from me. 

It was from a little group of persons striving to 
realize as one family what they sincerely believed 
and revered as the highest good, having Adin Ballou 
as their teacher and the " Practical Christian " as their 
exponent, that Hopedale came into existence. It 
was a noble enterprise, a godlike conception. An- 
cient cities paid worship to their founders as divine 
personages. We also eulogize Adin Ballou as a 
hero. In classic times heroes were regarded as of a 
nature superior to men ; a hero was a son of God. 
Think it no sacrilege then that this is claimed for our 
hero of today. We have also a scripture for it, relat- 
ing that " many sons of God were to be brought 
into glory by the captain of their salvation." 

Athens is remembered, not however for distinction 
because Solon was her lawgiver, nor for Themistocles 
the general, nor even for Perikles her statesman^ 


TDixt as the home of Plato. So likewise in future 
^mes Hopedale will be held in grateful memory, not 
so much for her distinguished citizens, or her finan- 
cial and mechanical achievement, but because this 
xnan lived here. The name Hopedale will always 
liave its place in men's memories associated with 
Adin Ballou. 

He was an apostle of the gospel of Peace. He 
looked upon war as in its essence crime, abnegating 
all the commandments of God and especially the 
two great commandments of all, which enjoin love 
absolute to God and love to others as embodied in 
our own being. And he sought to establish here a 
commune in which there might be some approxima- 
tion to, some realization of the diviner life. 

Such a man is circumscribed by none of the 
peculiar limitations of time. He looks beyond, he 
knows of what is behind the curtain as one who hears 
discourse from that world where all is reality. He 
is near to all that is of the eternal world. 

It has been suggested that this statue which we 
have this day inaugurated will ultimately crumble 
away and perish. It may become buried beneath 
the soil, and at some far-off period be found again 
and taken for the simulacrum of a divinity. But the 
true memorial of Adin Ballou depends upon no relic 
so ephemeral. He is immortal. He fulfilled his 
mission. Whatever undertaking he may have seemed 
to leave unaccomplished, it is so only in appearance. 
No word, no work, so holy in purpose, is ever fruit- 
less. There is a reward in the doing itself. Great 


tasks, like trees of long endurance, require genera- 
tions to be fulfilled. What is begun in the service 
of truth and goodness is sure to be consummated ; 
only we perhaps do not see the way and end thereof, 
and the times and seasons are not in our power. It 
is in the true and living world beyond this super- 
ficial transitory sphere that there is any real com- 

Even though, like the sages of antiquity, Adin 
Ballou may have been overlooked or underestimated 
in his own generation, there is for him perennial dis- 
tinction. He did not live in time alone, but his 
vision and communion were of two worlds — that 
which now is and that which is to come. He has 
not died, but lives forevermore. His presence here 
is more real and vital than yonder statue. He is in 
the everlasting home ; he is, as he was when among 
us bodily, a dweller in eternity. 

At the close of Mr. Wilder's address, which con- 
cluded the speaking on the occasion, the congrega- 
tion united in singing the familiar 


" From all that dwell below the skies, 
Let the Creator's praise arise ; 
Let the Redeemer's name be sung, 
Through every land by every tongue. 

" Eternal are thy mercies, Lord ; 

Eternal truth attends thy word ; 
Thy praise shall sound from shore to shore, 
Till suns shall rise and set no more.*' 



Now may the blessing of God, the Father Al- 
mighty, His grace as it was in his Son, our Lord, 
and in His faithful servant and follower, Adin Ballou, 
and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be and remain 
amongst us forever. Amen. 



William Tebb, whose name with that of his wife, Mary E. 
Tebb, is closely associated with the movement delineated in the 
foregoing pages, was bom October 22, 1830, in Manchester, Eng- 
land, to which city his parents had removed from Westmoreland 
County, the Lake District, three years before. He inherited from a 
long line of yeoman ancestry a vigorous physical constitution, which 
was, however, so much impaired by an attack of scarlet fever in his 
childhood and the attendant blood-letting medical treatment, so 
universally practiced at that day, that he has been more or less a 
sufferer therefrom during all his subsequent life. As was then and 
there usual with the children and youth of the humbler classes in 
society, he received but a meager amount of school education, scarcely 
more than can now be acquired in the lower grades of our New 
England Grammar Schools. But his naturally active mind and an 
early awakened desire for knowledge atoned in large measure for the 

When about fifteen years of age he was given employment in the 
office of a leading business firm of his native city. The days 
were long and his labors wearisome ; but he found relief and en- 
joyment as well as instruction and inspiration in certain evening 
classes and clubs which he joined, and in lectures upon practical 
and progressive topics by some of the foremost platform speakers 
of his own country and of the United States. Through the teachings 
of these men and by what he learned from experience and observa- 
tion, he became profoundly impressed with a consciousness of the 
existence about him, in both manufacturing and agricultural localities, 
of various forms of wrong and suffering caused by unjust legislation 
and by an inequitable and unfratemal industrial system, to which the 


great mass of working men and women were subjected. Moreover, 
he was struck with the devotion paid by professedly religious people 
to matters of dogma and ceremony while indifferent to the degrada- 
tion and misery seen on every hand and to the causes producing 
them. The better impulses of his heart prompted him to inquire 
if there were not some remedy for the existing inequality and 
wretchedness, some cure for the ills that afflicted so many of his 
fellow-men, and to hail as an evangel of mercy and blessing what- 
ever gave promise of relief and better conditions of personal, domestic, 
social, and civil life. 

About this time he heard of Robert Owen and of his theories 
and plans touching a new industrial and social system, and even 
visited New Lanark, Scotland, where Mr. Owen was endeavoring to 
put those theories and plans into practical operation. Other thinkers 
and workers along similar lines to the same beneficent ends became 
known to young Tebb as he grew towards manhood, intensifying 
his interest in and sympathy for any and all efforts to benefit and 
bless mankind. Among the names of such was that of Adin Bal- 
lou, which first came to him through English magazines that copied 
articles from American papers concerning him and his work at 
Hopedale. From what he thus learned he was anxious to learn 
more. The attempt to organize a Christian Republic in which 
Practical Christianity should not only be taught but applied to all 
human concerns seemed to the young man as he says ** too good 
to be true." Such an effort, founded on the Fatherhood of God 
and the Brotherhood of Man, appeared as a new dispensation, pro- 
phetic of a new heaven upon the earth. Hearing of *'The Prac- 
tical Christian," he subscribed for it, and finding it so acceptable 
and so valuable to mankind he labored diligently to extend its cir- 
culation and influence among his fellow-countrymen. 

Desirous of seeing more of the world and of acquainting himself 
with the reformatory movements on this side the water and those 
identified with them, he left the land of his nativity for the United 
States in 1852, soon after attaining his majority. For a time he 
was associated with a valued friend in a business enterprise at Ham- 
ilton, Canada West, but two years later removed to Providence, 



H. I., when the opportunity opened to him of making the ac- 
c^uaintance of Mr. Ballou and forming a friendship with him as last- 
ing as life. Obtaining employment in the counting-room of a large 
ixnanufacturing establishment at Blackstone, it was convenient for him 
to visit from time to time this new-found friend and counselor, 
"whose spirit he in large measure caught and whose labors for the 
good of mankind he appreciated and sought to emulate. 

In Mr. Tebb's ** enthusiasm for humanity" he instituted meet- 
ings on Sunday and on week-day evenings for the discussion of 
great questions then agitating the public mind, — Temperance, Anti- 
Slavery, Peace, the Rights of Women, Industrial and Social Reform, 
etc. ; becoming himself ere long a ready and efFecdve public speaker. 
His utterances upon these themes, and especially upon that of 
American slavery, were so searching, brave, and uncompromising, 
that he became an object of obloquy and persecution on the part of 
the pro-slavery portion of the community, who, unable to silence 
him, conspired to get rid of him. Chief among his opponents was 
a clergyman of the neighboring village of Millville, who, under 
the pretext that his Sunday labors in the cause of Reform was a 
desecration of the day and hence prejudicial to the best interests of 
the people at large, induced his employers to discharge him, obliging 
him to seek occupation elsewhere. 

In 1862, having spent the intervening years for the most part in 
the West, he returned to his native land, where his business capacity 
and enterprise found ample field for active exercise in a line of man- 
ufectures which proved not only eminently usefiil to the world, but 
highly lucrative as well; enabling him not only to supply himself 
and ^unily with all the necessities and comforts of life and dispense 
a generous hospitality, but to contribute in substantial ways to the 
promotion of many salutary reforms with which his name has been 
identified — reforms that have given him prominence in the more 
intelligent and philanthropic circles of English society and an inter- 
national if not a world-wide reputation. 

While residing in Blackstone and making occasional visits to 
Hopedale, Mr. Tebb made the acquaintance of Miss Mary E. 
Scott, daughter ot William and Sarah Scott, well known in the 


village at the time, whom he subsequently married. She has been 
both helpmeet and companion to him in all his endeavors; codperat- 
ing with him and even sometimes anticipating and leading him in 
his labors for the advancement of the truth, the overthrow of unjust 
customs and laws, and the inauguration of a better era for mankind. 
One in the order of marriage they are substantially one for all that 
makes for human wel&re and happiness. 

The great questions which have interested Mr. and Mrs. Tebb 
during the forty and more years of their wedded life, as he recently 
writes, and in the agitadon of which they have been more or less 
actively engaged, are moral, social, and religious reform, psychical 
phenomena and inter-commimication between the seen and un- 
seen worlds, the public health, anti-vivisection, the vaccination 
tyranny, the prevention of premature burials, the removal of poverty, 
the enfi-anchisement of woman, peace and arbitration as a method 
of redressing grievances and settling difficulties instead of wars and 
the resort to force and arms. 

What may be regarded, perhaps, as the chiefest of Mr. Tebb's 
labors and the most signal achievement of his life was the securing 
of the repeal of so much of the Compulsory Vaccination Laws of 
the British Empire as to exempt persons conscientiously opposed to 
the practice from observing it. The story of his agency in the 
matter is a most interesting one, but too long for more than a sum- 
mary of it here. 

Some thirty years ago an incident occurred in connection with 
the unsuccessful vaccination of one of his children, to which his 
attention was called by his thoughtful wife, leading him to question 
the validity of that method of treatment as a preventive of the small- 
pox, so generally believed, and prompting him to enter upon a thor- 
ough and exhaustive investigation of the whole subject. Beginning 
with a careful examination of cases coming under his immediate 
observation and as carefully studying others reported in the columns 
of the public press and in medical journals, then reading all the lit- 
erature upon the subject accessible to him, he extended his researches 
imtil he has made the whole world almost tributary to the purpose in 
view. He has done this, not only by correspondence with people 


oompetent to aid him in his endeavors, but by personal interview 
suxd scrutiny, traveling hr and wide in search of knowledge and in 
gathering statistics relating to the matter. He has visited every 
part of his native land, most of the countries of continental Europe 
amd northern Afiica, the Canadas and many of the States and 
Territories of the United States, several of the divisions of South 
America, Asia Minor, India, China, and Japan, the islands of the 
Southern hemisphere, including New Zealand and Australia, con- 
sulting the most reliable authorides and interviewing many distin- 
guished citizens, — scientists, medical experts, and others, — in the 
interest of the cause he had come to have so much at heart. And he 
has become convinced beyond all possibility of doubt that the prevail- 
ing view of the practice in question is one of the greatest delusions that 
ever misled and victimized the human race ; that it has no inherent 
and certain efficacy in staying the ravages of the dread disease it is 
supposed to midgate or prevent ; but that it is a prolific means of 
disseminadng some of the worst maladies that afflict mankind, 
notably cutaneous infections, pyaemia, ailments of the eyes, syphilitic 
maladies, and leprosy. 

The result of his inquiries Mr. Tebb has given to the world in 
numerous articles in the public journals of England and America, in 
" The Vaccination Inquirer and Health Review," of which he was 
the founder, and in several pamphlets from his pen, the principal of 
which are " The Vaccination Question," ** Fourteen Years' 
Struggle," '* Results of Vaccination," and «*The Recrudescence 
of Leprosy," a work of over 400 octavo pages. His views were 
also very fully set forth in his testimony before the Royal British 
Commission on Vaccination, appointed by Parliament in 1889, 
whose sittings continued till 1896, when it made a report re- 
commending that persons conscientiously opposed to the practice 
be exempted from the operations of the law exacting it. This re- 
port was printed in full and circulated through the kingdom, doing 
much to create a public sentiment against the practice in question 
and to secure a final adoption of its recommendation by the govern- 
ment, which was approved by the Queen over her own signature, 
August 12, 1900. 


For fidelity to his convictions in persistently agitating this matter 
and in refiising to have his children vaccinated, Mr. Tebb has not 
only encountered much bitter opposition, but popular odium as well 
and legal prosecution. He has been made to suffer not a little for 
his faith's sake. Thirteen times has he been arraigned before the 
courts and required to pay fines amoimting to several hundred if not 
a thousand or more dollars. But now, in his declining years, he 
has the great satisfaction of feeling that he has triumphed in his 
warfare, having been instrumental in securing the repeal of the 
compulsory features of a statute of the kingdom which he regarded 
as a gross infiingement upon the rights of conscience and the prin- 
ciples of personal liberty. 

In his work in this behalf Mr. Tebb has had the sympathy and 
cooperation in his own country of some of its most noted citizens ; 
among them Dr. Charles Creighton, formerly Demonstrator of 
Anatomy at Cambridge College ; Prof. Edgar M. Cruikshank, 
Bacteriologist of King's College ; Alfi-ed R. Wallace, F. R. S., an 
eminent scientist and physician ; C. H. Hopwood, of the Queen's 
Coundl; J. Garth Wilkinson, a distinguished author; Prof. Francis 
Newman, John Bright, John Stuart Mill, and Herbert Spencer. 
Mr. Gladstone declared himself ** opposed to compulsory vaccination 
and mistrusted the practice altogether." 

Mr. Tebb was instrumental in organizing a series of Anti- Vac- 
cination Congresses on the continent of Europe ; the first having 
been held at Paris in 1879, the ^^^^ ^^ Berlin in 1899, enlisting 
men of high character and wide reputation in science, statesman- 
ship, and literature in the cause. On a visit to the United States 
in 1879, he initiated a movement which resulted in the formation 
of the *' Anti- Vaccination Society of America," with Dr. Alexander 
Wilder of New York, Professor of Physiology, as President. 

Mr. and Mrs. Tebb, who now reside on a charming manorial 
estate called Rede Hall, in Barstow, Surrey, a few miles out of Lon- 
don, have an interesting family of four children. A son, W. 
Scott Tebb, graduated at Cambridge College, studied medicine, 
and is a physician in the nation's capital. He is the author of 
"A Century of Vaccination," a volume of 450 pages, in which 


he gives a history of the practice from the days of its originator. 
Dr. Edward Jenner, and proves to his own satisfaction and that of 
many others, not simply its inutility as a prevention of smallpox 
and kindred diseases, but its harmfulness in spreading other and even 
more loathsome ones. Their eldest daughter is the wife of a Pro- 
fessor in a London University. The second one, Christine, is a 
highly educated scientist, a member of the British Astronomical 
Society, by whose authorities she was sent to Russia a few years 
since to take and report observations of an important eclipse, visible 
in that country, but not in England. She was about the same time 
called to a Professorship in Bryn Mawr College, Penn., but de- 
clined the honor. She has been the companion of her father in 
most of his travels of research in foreign lands, acting as his aman- 
uensis and as the interpreter of languages unknown to him, for the 
acquisition of which she seems to possess by nature a wonderful 
aptitude, which she exercises with scarcely less wonderfiil fecility 
and proficiency. The youngest daughter, Beatrice, resides with 
her parents at Rede Hall. 


There has been received from one hundred and three 
persons subscribing to this fund, in contributions varying 
from one dollar to five hundred dollars each, the sum of 
$2623.15, and from the Worcester Co. Commandery 
K. T., of Worcester, the Loyal Workers, and Unitarian 
Sunday School of Hopedale, $135.00 additional, making 
a total of $2758.15. This amount has been devoted 
exclusively to Memorial purposes, $2000.00 having been 
paid for the Ballou homestead as a site for the monument 
since erected upon it, and the remaining $758.15 passed 
over to the town of Hopedale, by agreement with its 
Board of Park Commissioners, to be expended in grading 
the lot and otherwise properly preparing it for its designed 
use as a part of the public Park System under their super- 

The buildings on the premises were disposed of for a 
sum sufficient for the payment of printers' bills, {nof includ- 
ing that incurred by the publication of the accompanying 
^^ Souvenir y*) postage, traveling expenses, etc., with a 
balance of $41.85 which was also paid to the town ; mak- 
ing an aggregate of $800.00 that the town received under 
the arrangement and in furtherance of the object specified 


WM. S. HEYWOOD, Treasurer. 

3 2044 050 542 901 

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