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J&artart CoUrgE iibrarg
STATE OF INDIANA
Morton Statue and Monument
V -. , I ? ' • . I
REPORT 5f COMMISSION : .. cl?; tvf. .. .,.1.
WM. B. BUBFORD. CONTBAOTOB FOB STATE PBINTING AND BINDING.
I I'. ■
OLIVER P. MORTON
REPORT OF COMMISSION
Hon. J. Fkank Hanly, Governor of Indiana:
Sir — The Commission appointed by yon to erect a statne
of Oliver P. Morton, respectfully reports :
That at its twenty-fifth annual Encampment held at
Winona, Ind., in June, 1904, the Department of Indiana,
Grand Army of the Eepublic, an organization of honorably
discharged soldiers who served in the army and navy and
preserved the integrity of the Eepublic of the United States
of America in the great Civil War from A. D. 1861 to 1865,
memorialized the Legislature of the State of Indiana to
appropriate suflScient money to erect a monument to per-
petuate the memory of Oliver Perry Morton, Governor of
Indiana during that period. The memorial adopted was
presented by Comrade Warren R. King of Greenfield, In-
diana. The Department Commander, Daniel R. Lucas, ap-
pointed Comrades Warren R. Bang, George W. Grubbs,
David N. Foster, A. D. Vanosdol and Charles M. Travis,
a committee to present said memorial to the Legislature of
Indiana at its next session, which would assemble the 5th
day of January, 1905. The committee faithfully performed
the duty for which it had been appointed, and the follow-
ing act was passed by the Legislature, and at once after
its passage, and upon presentation to the Governor, was
signed by him February 25, 1905 :
An act to provide for the erection of a monument in memory of
Oliver P. Morton, and appropriating money therefor,
and declaring an emergency.
Whereas, No man in civil life, save Abraham Lincoln, did more for
the Union during the Civil War than Oliver P. Morton, the
great War Governor of Indiana, and
Whereas, The State of Indiana has never erected a monument or
any other suitable memorial within the borders of the state to
perpetuate his name and memory, and
Whereas, The Department of Indiana, Grand Army of the Repub-
lic, has memorialized this General Assembly to appropriate
sufficient funds from the state treasury to erect an heroic
statue of enduring material, in a conspicuous location within
the state house grounds to perpetuate his name and memory;
Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State
of Indiana, That the sum of thirty-five thousand dollars ($35,000)
be and the same is hereby appropriated out of the funds in the state
treasury for the purpose of erecting an heroic statue of enduring
material to perpetuate the name, memory and services of Oliver
Perry Morton, the great War Governor of Indiana, the eminent
senator, the courageous patriot : Provided, That five thousand dol-
lars only of said appropriation shall be available in the year 1905,
and the remainder of said appropriation shall be available in the
Sec. 2. That for the purpose of organizing to build such monu-
ment, the Governor shall appoint five commissioners, three of whom
shall be members of the Grand Army of the Republic, Department
of Indiana. Such appointments shall be made not later than thirty
days after the passage and approval of this act, and their terms
shall be not exceeding four years ; the Governor shall at once notify
such persons of their appointment, under his certificate and seal,
and such notice shaU constitute their commission, and shall be by
them deposited in the office of the secretary of state, and there re-
corded. The commissioners so appointed shall, within twenty days
after their appointment, qualify by taking an oath that they will
honestly, diligently and according to law, discharge their duties bs
such commissioners, and shall give bond to be approved by the Gov-
ernor, each in the sum of five thousand dollars ($5,000.00), condi-
tioned for the faithful performance of such duties as may be im-
posed upon them by law, and that the cost of said monument shall
not exceed said appropriation herein. Such commissioners shall
constitute and be known as the ''Board of Commissioners of the
Oliver P. Morton Monument." They shall elect one of their num-
ber as president, whose duty shall be to preside over meetings of
said board, sign the record of proceedings thereof, and sign or
MBttxm MwxwmtA Olotttmiaaiott
stamp all vouchers before a warrant is drawn for their payment.
They shall cause to be kept a record of their proceedings and shall
report quarterly to the (Jovemor, for the use of the public, a
synopsis of their proceedings and an account of their expenditures.
They may make such rules and regulations for the payment of
money, the government of contractors and employes, and the man-
agement of the grounds and premises as they may deem prudent,
not inconsistent with this act and the laws of the state. They may
meet on their own adjournment and shall meet at the call of the
president of the Board ; a majority thereof present at such meeting
shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. They
shall receive no compensation for their services, but shall be en-
titled to their actual expenses for the time they are actually em-
ployed in attending to their duties as commissioners, to be paid on
itemized statements, sworn to by the claimant. The Governor may,
for just cause, remove any member of said Board, and fill all va-
cancies therein caused by removal or otherwise.
Sec. 3. Such commissioners are authorized and directed, as
herein provided, to build such monument, in a conspicuous location
within the state house grounds; but no greater amount than is
hereby appropriated shall ever be paid out of the funds of the state
treasury : Provided, however. That said commissioners are author-
ized to receive private contributions and to expend the same accord-
ing to the provisions of this act.
Sec. 4. Said commissioners shall prepare, select or adopt a de-
sign or plan for said monument, and to enable them to do so, they
shall at once cause publication to be made in at least two news-
papers within the state and two newspapers without the state, that
at a certain time, not to exceed six months thereafter, they will pro-
ceed to examine such designs or plans and specifications for such
monument, not to exceed in cost the appropriation herein, submit-
ted to them by competent architects or artizans skilled in such work,
and each of said architects or artizans so competing shall submit
full and careful estimates of the cost of erecting said monument,
and a sealed proposal of the fees, salary or percentage he will
charge or expect if his plans should be adopted: Provided, how-
ever, That said commissioners may reject any and all plans and de-
signs so submitted if they consider them unsuitable, and readvertise
in the same manner for further plans or designs. The commission-
ers shall then proceed to give the plans or designs, specifications and
drawings which may have been submitted a thorough and critical
examination. If they find the specifications and estimates correct
and that the plans and designs, or any of them, can be constructed
within the limits of cost aforesaid, and that the same are suitable
in regard to permanence and appearance, and adapted to all the
purposes and aims of such a monument, and in keeping with the
dignity of the state, they may select the most meritorious of such
plans or designs, and notify the successful architect thereof, and
shall return the rejected plans or designs to the respective owners
thereof. In advertising, as aforesaid, for plans or designs, the
commissioners may also give notice that they are receiving bids for
the entire work from persons wishing to accompany their plans or
designs with such a bid ; and persons so accompanying their plans
or designs with such bids may make their bids on condition that
their plans or designs are not to be used, except in case of the
award of the contract to them.
Sec. 5. The commissioners are authorized to contract for labor,
material and transportation, or any distinct portion of the work.
All lettings of the work shall be advertised in two or more news-
papers of general circulation, and sealed proposals shall be received
therefor; but the commissioners shall have the right to reject any
and all bids. In all contracts the interest of the state shall be pro-
tected by proper bonds. Ten per cent, shall be reserved from pay-
ments on estimates on work in progress, until the contract therefor
shall be completed and the work done thereunder inspected and ac-
cepted by the commissioners.
Sec. 6. The Board may, when they deem it necessary, employ a
superintendent, who shall be qualified and give bond as prescribed
by the Board, and whose duties and compensation shall also be pre-
scribed by the Board. The Board shall appoint a secretary, who
shall take an oath to faithfully perform the duties of his office ; he
shall keep a record of the proceedings of the Board ; shall make a
record of all contracts and obligations ; shall keep a set of books so
as to show the financial condition of the Board, and shall make
statements of the cost and expenditures, and a complete list of
vouchers and for what purpose and to whom paid, upon request of
the Governor. The pay of the secretary shall be fixed by said com-
mission and he shall give bond in the sum of five thousand dollars
for the performance of his duties.
Mnttxm MamxxmtA (EmmxAmwn
Sec. 7. The architect whose plans are selected shall be the su-
pervising architect in building said monument, and he shall be
liable on his bond for any failure in faithfully discharging the
duties of his oflSce, and for all losses and damages that may be in-
curred on account of his violating any of the provisions of this act,
or on account of his neglect or incapacity for the duties of his of-
fice. He shall receive such compensation as may be agreed upon in
advance between him and said commissioners as full compensation
for plans and specifications, and supervision of the erection of such
monument, as the architect thereof.
Sec. 8. An emergency exists for the immediate taking efEect of
this act, therefore the same shall take effect and be in force from
and after its passage.
In accordance with said act, the Governor on the 16th
day of March, 1905, appointed Warren E. King, Daniel
E. Lucas, and Henry C. Adams, members of the Grand
Army of the Eepublic, Department of Indiana, and Joseph
I. IrvTin and Elijah B. Martindale conamissioners to carry
out the provisions of said act. On March 21, 1905, in obedi-
ence to the call of the Governor, the said commissioners
met at the State House for organization; all present ex-
cept Elijah B. Martindale, who was absent from the state.
The oath of office was administered by Hon. David E.
Myers, judge of the Appellate Court, after which the fol-
lowing were elected officers pro tem. : Warren E. King,
president; Daniel E. Lucas, secretary. The Commission
then adjourned to meet March 28, 1905, at which time
Messrs. King, Irwin, Adams and Lucas presented their
bonds, which were approved by the Governor, after which
Warren E. King was unanimously elected president. The
attorney-general gave an opinion that no member of the
Commission could receive a salary for any services ren-
dered, and as the Commission desired that Daniel E. Lucas
give his time and attention to the duties of secretary, and
to receive proper compensation, therefore he was requested
to resign as a member of the Commission in order to serve
as secretary. Joseph I. Irwin was elected treasurer.
April 20. The Commission met, all being present.
Daniel R. Lucas reported that he had tendered his resigna-
tion as a member of the Commission and that the same
had been accepted by the Governor, and that his successor
would be appointed in a short time. Daniel R. Lucas was
then elected secretary of the Commission and his compen-
sation was fixed at $60 per month, with an allowance of
$20 per month for services of a stenographer, if the same
should be necessary.
The president and secretary were authorized to have
printed certificates to be presented to such persons as
should contribute to the fund for the erection of the statue.
May 5. Isaac H. C. Royse became a member of the
Commission, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the resigna-
tion of Daniel R. Lucas.
June 27. The secretary was directed to have the fol-
lowing notice published in the Engineering News, Chicago
Tribune, Indianapolis News and Star :
Design for Statue of Oliver P. Morton Desired.
In harmony with the law, the Board of Commissioners of the
Oliver P. Morton Monument, hereby advertises for designs for a
pedestal and a heroic and colossal statue of (lovemor Morton, the
purpose being to secure designs for the statue and pedestal, with
the privilege of accepting one without the other. The Commission
desire the designer to state the height and size of the figure, the
relative firmness of the bronze he will use in the same, and the cost
of the same complete and set in position. Also the length of time it
will take to complete the statue after the design is accepted.
Designs and bids for this large statue will be received until
January 1, 1906. Address all proposals and inquiries to D. R.
Lucas, secretary. Room 25, State House, Indianapolis, Indiana.
D. R. Lucas,
Indianapolis, Ind., July 12, 1905. Secretary.
Mmtm MmmmtA Qlmttmifiaton
January 2, 1906. A meeting of the Commission was
held and designs were presented by Franklin Simmons,
Eome, Italy; H. E. Shenton, Smith Granite Co., Westerly,
E. I.; Rudolf Schwarz, Indianapolis; McDonnell & Sons,
Buffalo, by Henry Myers, Indianapolis. The Commission
decided to accept none of the designs offered and to receive
designs at a meeting to be held February 9. The secretary
was directed to correspond with those presenting designs
as to cost, etc.
February 9. The Commission met, and designs were
presented by Franklin Simmons, Rome, Italy; Hugh A.
Price, Chicago, 111.; Rudolf Schwarz, Indianapolis, for
bronze figures and tablets.
E. E. Dunlap, Columbus, Ind., and John R. Lowe, Indi-
anapolis, Ind., presented designs for pedestals.
It was resolved to contract with Rudolf Schwarz for
a bronze statue of Governor Morton to be twelve feet in
height, for the sum of nine thousand dollars, he to present
to the Commission for its approval a model of the same
within thirty days.
A contract with Mr. John R. Lowe was made, providing
that he prepare a design for a pedestal for said monument,
and if the same was approved by the Commission, he was
to receive architect's fees for the same.
The plans and specifications by Mr. Lowe were accepted
and after legal notice being given in the newspapers, bids
for the same were received April 10, 1906, as follows :
McDonnell & Sons, by Henry Myers, $7,800, Barre granite;
$10,600, Westerly granite.
B. M. Hutching, Columbus, Ind., $9,991, Barre granite.
Thomas Staniland & Co., Dayton, Ohio, $8,000, Barre granite.
Chas. G. Blake & Co., Chicago, 111., $7,483, Barre granite;
$10,150, Westerly granite.
John Pierce & Co., Indianapolis, $8,658, Fox Island granite.
The bid of Chas. G. Blake & Co. was accepted and the
contract was so awarded.
The Commission unanimously resolved that the location
for the monument should be at the east entrance of the
state house, and that the officers of the state should be
requested to designate this place as ^ ^ Morton Plaza. ' '
May 28. Upon earnest reconmiendation of Mr. Schwarz,
the dimensions of the pedestal were considerably enlarged,
and Chas. G. Blake & Co. were allowed therefor $935 in
addition to the contract price.
June 4, 1906, a contract was entered into with Rudolf
Schwarz to furnish and place in position the following
bronze work in addition to the statue heretofore contracted
First, letters of the name ''MORTON."
Second, a historic tablet four feet six inches by five feet in size,
giving a brief history of life and services of Governor Morton.
Third, a Grand Army tablet, two feet six inches by eight feet.
Fourth, two bronze statues of soldiers of the Civil War, each
ten feet high, for all of which the Commission was to pay Rudolf
Schwarz $7,500.00, the said Schwarz having bid the prices hereto-
fore set out in the proposal which he submitted for the statue of
August 9, 1906. After legal notice by publication in
newspapers had been given, the Conamission received bids
for two balustrades to be placed at the north and south
sides of Morton Plaza, which bids were as follows :
Co-operative Granite Co., by George P. Wright:
Plan A $7,323 00
Plan B 6,340 00
Plan C 5,955 00
Plan D 6,885 00
Scholz, Wilbert Co. :
For either Plan A, B, C or D 6,600 00
in0rt0it iKmutm^ttt (tlammiBBion
Chas. G. Blake & Co. :
Plan A $6,199 00
Plan B 5,318 00
Plan C 5,172 00
Plan D < 7,240 00
Paoli Monument and Stone Works :
Plan A 8,750 00
Plan B : 7,240 00
Plan C 6,600 00
Plan D 7,240 00
The Commission unanimously decided to adopt Plan
D, and the firm of Chas. G. Blake & Co., being the lowest
bidder, was awarded the contract for the same.
A contract with Rudolf Schwarz was entered into pro-
viding for the furnishing and putting in place on the middle
columns of the balustrades: two bronze bas-reliefs, for
five hundred dollars each, subjects for the same to be fur-
nished by the Commission.
May 10, 1907. In accordance with an act of the Legisla-
ture, House Bill 702, approved March 9, 1907, which pro-
vided ^Hhat the Board of Commissioners of the Oliver P-
Morton Monument are hereby authorized and directed to
improve and ornament the site upon which the monument
stands, being the area located at the east entrance to the
state capitol, together with the approaches thereto, in such
manner as the Board may deem advisable, in order to ren-
der the surroundings of said monument harmonious there-
with,'' a committee was appointed to carry out the provi-
sions of this act.
May 29, 1907. The pedestal and balustrades being com-
pleted and the bronze work suflSciently near completion to
justify the action, the Commission, with the advice and
consent of the Governor, designated Tuesday, July 23, 1907,
as a date for the ceremonies of the unveiling of the Morton
statue and the dedication of the monument.
Special invitations were extended to the Governor of
Indiana and members of his staff ;
The Governors of the various states;
The Vice-President, Senators and Eepresentatives in
Congress from Indiana ;
The members of the last two Legislatures ;
The State Officers of Indiana;
The relatives and personal friends of Governor
The National Guard of the State of Indiana ;
General invitation was also extended to all soldiers of
the Civil War and to citizens of Indiana.
No better description of the dedicatory services can be
given than that which appeared in the Indianapolis News of
July 23, 1907, which follows :
Forty years after the signal services of Ohver P. Morton to his
state and to the nation, the state provided a means of honoring his
memory, and this afternoon the monument erected to Morton, In-
diana 's and the Nation's great War Governor, was unveiled before
thousands of Indiana people. Soldiers, old and young; men who
fought the Civil War fight in the field and here at home with Mor-
ton himself ; their wives ; their children and their grandchildren,
and those who know Morton only as a part of the history of a
critical time — all honored themselves in paying tribute to his
memory by taking part in the ceremonies incident to the unveiling
of the Morton monument on the east plaza — ^henceforth the Morton
Plaza — of the State House.
The Civil War and reconstruction; the patriotism of a people
united; the fuller reaUzation by the younger generation of the
trials of 1861- '65, in the field and at home — ^these thoughts came to
the minds of the thousands whose voices swelled from a hesitating
start into grand volume the national song, ** America," at the begin-
ning of the ceremonies at the monument.
The veteran soldiers, hot and tired, had settled into the com-
fortable seats provided for them to the north end of the monument ;
the guardsmen who had taken part in the parade had disposed
themselves around the edges of the crowd; the carriages had driven
in0rt0it MarnvmrA Qlmttmifiaioit
np to the plaza and the speakers had taken their places on the plat-
Suddenly sixty instruments, the three bands of the National
Guard that had been massed together near the monument, took up
the National song. For a few notes the bands played alone; the
people rose from their seats; a few voices were brave enough to
start to sing, and then their neighbors, ashamed at their hesitancy,
caught up the words and the air of the song, until the strains of
** America" came from the bands and five thousand voices.
This was the beginning of the program incident to the unveil-
ing of the Morton monument and the presentation of the same to
the State of Indiana.
At 2:30 o'clock strains of music were heard, and those on the
platform saw the head of the parade, of which Gen. Oran Perry
was grand marshal, led by a provisional regiment of the Indiana
National Guard, consisting of three battalions of four companies
each, commanded by Colonel Harry B. Smith, marching around
Monument Place, thence west on Market street to Morton Plaza.
The guardsmen had left Fort Benjamin Harrison at noon, had
come to College avenue and Sixteenth street on the traction cars,
then marched past the Governor's residence, were reviewed by him,
and escorted him down to the monument. The guard were fol-
lowed by carriages containing the Governor, members of his staff,
the members of the Commission, reception committee and represen-
tatives of the Grand Army of the Republic and Woman's Relief
In Meridian street, between North street and the Soldiers'
Monument, the Governor reviewed the battalions of the veteran sol-
diers of the Grand Army of the Republic, who saluted him with
flags as he passed. As the Governor and his escort passed, these
organizations fell in line under command of William A. Eetcham,
Commander of the Department of Indiana, Grand Army of the Re-
public. The veteran soldiers were headed by Oliver Perry Morton
Post No. 1, G. A. R., of Terre Haute, Ind.
Seats were provided for the veteran soldiers on the north of
the platform, and slowly and carefully they filed into them. When
all were seated, the following program was carried out :
1. Call to order. Dr. W. R. King, President of Commission.
2. Music, ** America," bands and audience.
3. Invocation, Rev. Joseph S. Jenekes.
4. Music, Scottish Rite Quartet, *'Gk)d Ever Glorious."
5. Report of Secretary, D. R. Lucas, in part as follows :
**A thousand years from now the man standing by this monu-
ment will find upon it that which will explain its existence as well
then as today. The bronze tablet bearing these words will appear :
OLIVER PERRY MORTON.
Bom in Wayne County, Indiana, August 4, 1823.
Died in Indianapolis, November 1, 1877.
Age, fifty-four years, two months and twenty-five days.
Admitted to the Bar in 1847.
Served as Governor of Indiana from January 16, 1861, to March
Served as United States Senator from Indiana from March 4,
1867, until his death, November 1, 1877.
In all ways and at all times the friend of the Union soldier, the
friend of the country, the upholder of Abraham Lincoln, the de-
fender of the flag and the Union of the States. Patriot, states-
man, lover of liberty, heroic in heart, inflexible in purpose, and
ever to be known in history as
THE GREAT WAR GOVERNOR.
The various parts of the structure, the pedestal, the balustrades
and the bronze work were open to the competition of all. The
pedestal and balustrades were erected by Chas. G. Blake & Co., of
Chicago, and the bronze work by Rudolf Schwarz of this city. All
the members of the Commission have taken an active interest in the
work and have held twenty-eight regular meetings, some of them
at the studio of Mr. Schwarz.
The secretary has devoted his time for over two years to the de-
tails, and the work will be completed within the limits of the appro-
priation by the state and the contributions of comrades and citizens.
Perfect harmony has prevailed in all the deliberations of the
Board and they lay down the work feeling grateful to the Giver of
all good that they have been spared to do the work and to see
erected under their care and purpose, this memorial to one whom
they have all personally known, and whose laborious life for his
country will be an inspiration to patriotism for a thousand genera-
iHortim MmwamtA QIommtHaUm
Granite and bronze will fade, the great stones of this pedestal
will perish ere the name and fame of this great American shall be
6. Song by Quartet.
UNVEIUNG OF STATUE.
Following this, Master Oliver Perry Throck Morton, eight years
of age, who bears every one of his illustrious grandfather's names,
came from the family group on the platform and pulled the
mechanism that unveiled the figure of his grandfather.
As he pulled the string the flag around the bronze figure of
Morton swung up and up in the air until it hung above clear and
free in the breeze, and the veteran soldiers, struck by the likeness
of the bronze to the man who had befriended them time and time
again, in ways as several as were the needs, started the cheering
that found response in the cheers of those who knew only by hear-
say and history of the work of Governor Morton.
7. Presentation address by Dr. W. R. King, president, on be-
half of the Commission :
We, the Commissioners whom you so highly honored by the ap-
pointment for the purpose of organizing to build a monument in
memory of Indiana's great War Governor, according to an act of
the Legislature and approved by you February 5, 1905, now have
the pleasure of presenting this monument to you, and pray that you
receive the same, and that every hope and fondest desire that you
may have cherished as to its construction and conception will be
realized to the utmost measure. We assure you that the work has
received from us our most thoughtful and careful consideration,
and that at all times we have kept the best interests of the state in
view, as well as the very best results possible with the amount of
money appropriated and donated.
So much so that we are proud to tell you that after every con-
tract that was necessary to complete the monument had been pro-
vided for, we yet had to our credit nearly three thousand dollars,
which the last Legislature, by your approval, authorized and di-
rected us to expend in improving the site upon which the monu-
ment stands, and to provide for a suitable dedication of the same.
We fully expected to have followed the instruction of the law ere
this, by removing the old unsightly pavement and replacing it with
a granitoid, but were disappointed owing to the delayed shipment
of material. While the success of the enterprise has depended
largely upon the creative genius of the sculptor, we have given him
all the aid we could from a personal knowledge of the great man
who is thus being honored. We also called upon others who had
more specific knowledge. No one was so valuable as Mrs. Morton
herself. The weather was never too inclement for her, with a
special friend, to go to the sculptor's studio and aid him in tracing
the lines and features of that face which is so indelibly impressed
upon her memory by the power of that love for him, which began in
maidenhood and will remain while life may last.
Col. W. R. Holloway, the private secretary of the late Governor,
gave valuable suggestions as to pose and gesture. And to those
who have a deep interest and pride in the upbuilding of art in the
state and capital city, for their aid and encouragement in the work,
we have not the words to express our thanks.
So, withal, we feel that we have an heroic statue that fills the
Morton conception to its fullest extent. A man with a splendid
physique, a dignified pose, an easy gliding gesture, a man who
moved men by words and not by striking attitudes.
The side figures fill out in a measure the contour of the monu-
ment, but they may answer yet other purposes. He who has not
time to stop and read may see as he hastens by that this monument
refers to a war period in the history of this country. '^
Besides, if the mute and inanimate lips of the form of him who
stands above could speak, we know that they would say, * Give me
the boys in blue, to keep with me the vigils of the years to come ;
let them stand with me beneath the moon's pale and reflected light,
beneath the glinting rays of stars, 'mid the darkness and storm of
night, or to watch with me the crimson coming of the morn and the
uprising of the great king of day, and see him lovingly lay his
dazzling rays aslant yonder pile erected in memory of Indiana's
silent victors. '
Yes, oh yes, we know they would say, *give me the representa-
tives of the thousands of Indiana's bravest and best boys, who came
to my frequent calls, and whose feet pressed the historic grounds
hereabouts until they were equipped, and then when they had re-
in0rt0it MmmsttA (tltmxxAMim
ceived my admonition and blessings, with waving banners they
turned their faces southward and went down, down into the vortex,
wherein was the struggle for the life of the nation.
'Thousands of them perished and now lie in unknown but hon-
ored graves. Those who by providence did return again, I re-
ceived with mingled emotions of sorrow and pride, sorrowful for
their scars of many battles and their bodies wasted by disease and
privation, sorrowful for their comrades who were absent but ac-
counted for, sorrowful for those who had so long waited and
watched in vain. But with pride when I remembered that all of
those banners that went away waving so proudly, while they came
back weather stained, shot and shell torn, not one of them had the
slightest stain of dishonor upon it!'
The tablet upon the reverse side of the major die we think most
fitting. Although Governor Morton was not, nor never could have
been, a member of the Grand Army of the RepubUc, it is a historic
fact that at one time, in all probability, this great organization
would have passed out of existence had it not been for him. The
history that is in the archives of the Department of Indiana, Grand
Army of the Republic, says in part: *As a historic fact, to the
Union soldiers of Indiana is due the credit of breathing the first
breath of life into the great soldier and sailor organization that was
in 1866 christened the Grand Army of the Republic. Four men are
responsible for the birth of that organization. Dr. B. F. Stephen-
son of Illinois, Governor Oliver P. Morton, General R. S. Foster
and Major Oliver M. Wilson of Indiana. While Dr. Stephenson
was the author of the conception of the organization, he was not
able to build the superstructure thereon, but the master mind was
found in Oliver P. Morton; the builder, in General R. S. Foster,
and his no less eflScient assistant. Major Oliver M. Wilson. And so
it will go down with the ages that the Department of Indiana,
Grand Army of the Republic, memorialized the Legislature to ap-
propriate suflScient money for the erection of this monument. Be-
sides, go to each and every member of that organization who were
Indiana soldiers or sailors and you will be greatly surprised at the
number who will tell you how, in a personal way, he had received
special favors or help from him.
It is a lamentable fact that there is no adequate history of the
work and sacrifices of the women of Indiana during the war. In
the bas-relief of the south balustrade we will, in a small way, por-
tray some of their work. No estimate can be put upon the work
they did; while some were supplying clothing and hospital sup-
plies, others went down to the very border line of danger to help
nurse back to health the sick and wounded, when possible. But if
such could not be done, and in providence they were never more
permitted to return to their homes, in their own tactful way they
recorded the last wishes and words to be sent to friends and rela-
tives at home.
As to the north bas-relief, it will portray a familiar scene dur-
ing war, and we have already spoken thereof, the reception of the
As to the construction of the monument, the foundation upon
which the pedestal stands was deeply laid and is composed of solid
masonry of limestone and cement. The pedestal is of massive
blocks of the best Barre granite, the major die of which weighs 32
tons and required sixteen horses to move it from the car to its final
The bronze of the monument weighs about 16,000 pounds, 8,000
of which is in the Morton figure alone, and is composed of ninety
per cent, copper, eight per cent, tin and two per cent. zinc. The
balustrades have received the same care in their construction and
material as the monument itself.
As to the sculptor, Rudolf Schwarz, words fail in the presence
of this magnificent monument, the equal of any the world has ever
produced. He is our own sculptor of Indianapolis and Indiana.
All of his work was done in his studio in this city, from the model-
ing in clay to the casting of the bronze, of which but few cities in
the United States can boast.
Our relations with all of the competing contractors have been
the most pleasant, not one of whom, had he been awarded the con-
tract by reason of the lowest bidder, but what we feel that he would
have filled the same faithfully and honestly. As to Blake & Com-
pany of Chicago, who were awarded the foundation and pedestal
contract, we have found them to be men of the very highest in-
tegrity and honor. John R. Lowe, the designer of the original
pedestal, we found to be a man of integrity and skilled in his work.
Mr. Elmer B. Dunlap, the superintendent of the work, was careful
and painstaking in his examinations and suggestions concerning
the work at hand. Owing to his state and national reputation for
patriotism, his close personal relation to the late Governor, the
GOVERNOR J. FRANK HANLY.
Mvixtm in^mtm^ttt Qlmmttiaaiim
pastor, adviser and comforter of Mrs. Morton, our words, however
fulsome, would be indeed insignificant concerning our secretary, D.
B. Lucas. His opinions have at all times been considered the same
as our own, and indeed he has been considered one of the com-
But now this monument passes from our hands. From the be-
ginning of the work it has been our vision by day and our dream
by night. But whatever judgment may be passed upon it by com-
petent critics, it will not add to or detract from the great work of
him in whose memory it has been erected. But rather for the pur-
pose as was wisely observed by Plutarch centuries ago, wherein he
said 'that the honor which is paid to great men ought not to be
looked upon as the reward of their illustrious actions, but only as
a mark of the esteem in which they are held, the remembrance
whereof such monuments are intended to perpetuate. '
It is not the stateliness nor the magnificence of public monu-
ments which gives them their value or makes them durable, but the
sincere gratitude of those that erect them. And so this monument
will not only perpetuate the memory of Oliver P. Morton, Indiana's
great War Governor, but it will also perpetuate the fact that the
citizens of Indiana who lived at the time of its building did not lack
in three of the greatest virtues, love, memory and gratitude."
Address of Governor J. Frank Hanly, accepting the monument
for the State of Indiana:
**Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Commission:
On behalf of the people of the State of Indiana, I accept from
your hands this tribute of granite and bronze erected and dedi-
cated to the memory of Oliver P. Morton. In erecting and dedi-
cating it you have rendered a signal service to your countrymen.
The deed you now and here complete will make this day and this
By means of the sculptor's art you bring back to us the form
and features of a much beloved and long departed son, and enable
us to give expression to the affection and veneration in which we
have ever held and still do hold him ; also to the faith we have in
the institutions for which he stood and for which he did heroic
battle. For this service I thank you in the name and in behalf
of all the people of the Commonwealth.
Oliver P. Morton is dead. His mortal body has gone from our
sight and found rest beneath the soil that gave him birth. The
earth has claimed her own. His work is finished. His sun is set.
For him * life's fitful fever's ended. ' A mound within the cemetery
— a stone inscribed with loving word — ^where each recurring spring
immortal nature weaves anew a garland of myrtle and forget-me-
nots ; these our hands have fashioned to mark the spot where sleeps
his mortal part.
He is gone. For thirty years he has not been among us. He
will walk in the flesh with us no more forever.
The powerful arm upon which the martyred Lincoln leaned;
the mighty hand that kept a wavering state within the Union's
gates, whose unerring finger-point the way to victory led, through
strife and sacrifice, have long been limp and lifeless. A breath or
touch of air would make them formless as the dust beneath our
The tongue, whose logic, trenchant as a soldier's blade, dis-
solving sophistry and doubt, carried conviction, straight as a ray
of light, to the minds of listening multitudes, is stilled. For three
decades it has coined no phrase and uttered no word, no syllable.
The voice, inspiring as a bugle call impelling armies to the
frenzied charge, which moved the people of this Commonwealth to
do his will, and later, bent a stubborn Senate to his unfaltering
purpose, is hushed in death. For years its clarion notes have not
The lustrous eyes through which his rare, intrepid soul looked
out upon his fellows, at whose kindling light the stooping, fright-
ened friends of freedom stood erect and faced the uncertain issues
of civil war, and at whose fierce gleam and piercing glance his coun-
try 's foes within the state he ruled slunk away, abashed, trembling
and afraid, have long been closed and sightless.
The spacious dome beneath his massive beetling brow, where
trooped like marching squadrons the virile children of his giant
brain, is tenantless and empty. The mansion of his soul is desolate.
He is no more. But we do not forget him. We cannot forget him,
for he, and such as he, are unf orgetable. A nation still walks in
the path by him hewn out and to him unconscious homage hourly
pays. The coinage of his tongue continues to pass current among
us. His voice still inspires to lofty purpose, stirs to ardent action,
and impels to consecrated service. Something of his clear vision
Martan iKotusittieitt (Emttmioainn
and keen insight remains and falls anon athwart our path as amid
the night's encircling gloom we grope our way to the higher plane
of life and duty. The children of his mighty intellect live on. The
concepts of his mind, the utterances of his tongue, have not died.
They were not buried in the grave with his mortal dust. They
could no more be buried there than truth itself, of which they are a
part, could be confined within the limits of the tomb. Winged with
the breath of divinity, they are enduring and eternal. Thus it is
with them and thus it is with him. The grave out yonder in Crown
Hill Cemetery holds only his physical form — ^the habitation in
which he dwelt. The master of the house is not there. Standing
by its open portal, after the lapse of thirty years, we look in vain
for him we loved. We gaze upon the waste and ruin time has
wrought. We behold the changes nature works in matter. We
stoop and lift within our hands his lifeless, formless dust. Stand-
ing so, we remember that *this corruptible must put on incorrup-
tion, this mortal must put on immortality.' Through the centuries
and across the limitations of space, from the far-away land of
Palestine, there comes to our inner consciousness the reassuring
promise: *I am the resurrection, and the life ; he that believeth in
Me, though he were dead, yet shall he live.' Standing thus and
hearing this promise, we know that he whom we seek is not there ;
that the dust we hold is not he ; that the great soul we knew and
loved and honored has long since joined the Infinite — ^that immor-
tality and the 'life everlasting' are his forever.
His body is dead and mingled with the elements; his spirit,
freed from its tenement of clay, has swept in splendor into the
Great Beyond. But in a sense he still lives and will long live and
dwell among us. The infiuence of his deeds is still about us. The
nobility of his life still uplifts us.
Assembled about this pedestal are the patriarchs of a past age,
the gray-haired survivors of a generation now all but gone, the
nestors of the Commonwealth, who carved a state from the wilder-
ness and planted civilization in the solitudes of the prairies.
To you, sirs, this occasion must indeed be big with meaning, and
fraught with feeling profound and deep.
As you look upon it the immobile face of this bronze image stirs
to life a thousand memories of the days when in the plenitude of
his power, he whose counterpart this stately statue is, led you in
heroic effort and sublime endeavor to the saving of a nation's life.
These mute lips, silent and inanimate as the insensate granite be-
neath, do speak to you, and to us, and will speak to our children
when we are gone. They tell the story of a people's crucial trial;
of cogent speech and stirring message ; of appeal and sharp com-
mand; of muster camps and marshaled armies; of supplies as-
sembled; of equipment found and funds obtained; of millions
handled without the taint or stain of graft or peculation ; of rug-
ged honesty that would not yield though temptation stood on every
side ; of the exercise of power outside the law, without abuse ; of an
overpowering, overmastering will that could not brook resistance ;
of enemies at home, foiled, rebuked and silenced ; of criticisms un-
just as hate, of calumnies cruel and venomous as the envy and
malice that gave them birth ; of love and pity and tender care for
the sick and wounded, the widowed and the fatherless ; of a state
betrayed and yet preserved ; of days of toil and nights of waking ;
of high resolve, of solemn consecration ; of carnage and of sacrifice;
of wounds and death and prison walls ; of a land redeemed ; of a
race set free ; of liberty enthroned ; of a nation glorified ; of a gov-
ernment saved from dishonor and dismemberment; of the estab-
lishment of national solidarily, of peace achieved, of a union recon-
structed; of slavery abolished by constitutional enactment; of
clearing skies and differences reconciled ; the story of a great man's
life, of service high and holy, of years of sickness and never-ending
pain ; of holding death at bay, of final dissolution.
This, in brief, is the story this silent figure tells. Fortunate the
state, happy the nation, if we and our children hear and under-
stand as you, our fathers, heard and understood.
This man was no transient citizen of the state. He was *to the
manor bom.' From the hour of his birth to the moment of his
death, his home was within her borders. If duty to her called him
elsewhere, his love was but intensified by his absence and he re-
turned to her with higher consecration and holier purpose. The
substantial whole of his adult life was given to her service. Aa a
citizen, as judge of the circuit court, as the Governor of the Com-
monwealth, as United States Senator, he devoted to her his every
faculty. He never in all his life gave her a divided service. Body,
mind and heart, all were given.
He loved the state and was jealous of her sovereignty. En-
croachments upon her rights he would not tolerate even from the
Federal government. Within her sphere he held her to be supreme.
Mattsm Mmuxmttxt CD^otttmtoinn
But he knew her sphere. He comprehended the dual form of our
scheme of government. To him the 'many in one' was no mystery.
We were many states, but one people. Between the states and the
national government there was no just basis of contention, no inter-
mediate ground subject to the conflicting jurisdictions of the two.
He loved the Union, loved it with a consuming passion, loved it be-
cause he loved the state and believed the state could only find its
highest destiny within the Union. He believed in its solidarity, in
its unity, and in its indivisibility. With him the coercion of a re-
bellious state was but the enforcement of the law. He believed the
president to be without discretion in the premises ; that the consti-
tution and the oath of his high office enjoined upon him the enforce-
ment of the laws and the preservation of order throughout the
Union, and that he could not be absolved from the responsibility
thus devolved upon him. He would not admit the right of seces-
sion to exist in any state, and was unwilling to concede independ-
ence in any instance to anything short of successful revolution.
There was no way out of the Union for a state except at the point of
the bayonet, and then only after our best efforts had failed to com-
pel her submission. The idea of a dismembered Union and the
formation and establishment of hostile nations within her territory
was fatal to the nation and to the states alike, and was therefore
intolerable. He did not believe the fragments of a dissolved Union
could live together in prosperity and peace, but that war would fol-
low upon war until despotism should succeed anarchy, and liberty
be destroyed. He freely admitted that it would cost much to save
the Union (how much none knew better than he), but insisted that
it would cost everything to lose it.
He believed in the constitution and was unwilling that it should
be amended by judicial construction. And when it was sought to
so amend it in behalf of human slavery he boldly challenged the
right of the court to exercise such power and appealed from its de-
cision to the people of the nation.
He was a patriot at all times and in all places. He did not
count the cost. His patriotism was pure and constant. Its flame
never diminished. It often found expression in words of eloquence
and power, but it was never content with these. Mere lip service
would not do. It sought action and was impatient until the word
became a deed. It was a living, vital force, magnetic in quality —
capable of begetting its kind. It made him earnest. It gave him
profound conviction, and what we may term elemental strength. It
was the primal source of his greatness, and in it lay, in large part,
the secret of his power over men.
He was a lawyer of 'superior talents and real learning.' He
knew the value and possessed the genius of preparation. Until he
was prepared he would not speak, and then he spoke as one having
authority. His mind was orderly, logical and discriminating. He
laid his premise with painstaking care and accuracy and built his
argument thereon with such clear and powerful reason that his con-
clusion followed as an inevitable result. Indeed, every speech he
ever made, whether on the hustings, in the courts, or in the senate
chamber, was an argument, leading with unerring logic and irresist-
ible force from premise to conclusion. His power of lucid, force-
ful statement was unsurpassed. He realized that a proposition
clearly and accurately stated is half argued. His language was
simple, but alive with Anglo-Saxon strength. He spoke directly to
the subject in hand. His earnestness and profound conviction,
backed by a character of granite, gave him a directness and a sim-
plicity of speech rarely equaled. This made him truly eloquent and
enabled him slowly but surely to take possession of those who
listened, and at the end to hold them with tentacles of steel. He
piled argument upon argument until the culminative effect became
crushing and overwhelming. He was master of invective and used
it at times with annihilating force. He hated error and loved the
right. His attack upon the one was only equaled by his defense of
the other. These qualities gave him leadership everywhere, in the
forum, in popular assemblage and in the senate. And this leader-
ship he assumed and held. From the day he took the oath of oflSce
as Governor until he died, he was the acknowledged leader of his
party in Indiana. Within it he had no rival. He shaped its poli-
cies, dictated its platforms, dominated its councils, led its cam-
paigns and won its victories. During the sixteen years of his pub-
lic life there were in the leadership of the opposing party at least
four great men — ^Hendricks, McDonald, Vorhees and Turpie — ^men
noted for brilliancy, for solid attainments and for their ability to
reach the popular mind, but, as a campaigner, in debate and in in*
tellectual power, he surpassed them all. Indeed, the state has never
had his equal in this regard. Nor was his leadership confined to
Indiana. He entered the United States Senate without legislative
experience, at a time when great fundamental questions touching
Mattan MmmmitA (EmttmiaBiim
the very existence and life of the government, engaged its attention,
and when it was filled with trained statesmen, possessing really
great parts, but even these made way for him and yielded him
leadership almost from the beginning. For ten years he was the
master spirit of that great body, and this in spite of the fact that
he could not walk to his seat or stand while speaking. Sheer in-
tellectual force, urged on and directed by an unyielding and un-
conquerable will, and supplemented by an industry that knew
neither weariness nor lagging, gave him leadership in every sphere
He became Governor of the state at thirty-eight, in the flower of
magnificent manhood, at the beginning of the most crucial period
of our national history. Secession was fast becoming an accom-
plished fact as far as conventions and resolutions and armed prepa-
ration could make it such. Every moment was tense with ex-
pectancy. Uncertainty, doubt and irresolution were everywhere
except in the South. Even strong men held their tongues, afraid
to speak. Compromise was demanded by many. Peaceable ac-
ceptance of secession was openly advocated. Horace Greeley and
the New York Tribune were preaching non-resistance. Thousands
of loyal and well meaning men could see no legal way of resisting
secession. This was Morton's hour. He saw and understood and
rose to meet the issue as only the really great can see and under-
stand and rise. There was in him elemental strength, and with it
stalwart courage, adamantine purpose and a will that never broke
or wavered. The war was a crucible into which was poured the
elements of human greatness ; from these and in its stress and heat
and flame, his character was forged, and in the cast there was no
flaw. He filled the occasion to the brim. In a meeting held in the
court house in the city of Indianapolis, on November 22, 1860, he
put the issue before the country as it really was, in such lucid
terms, with such cogent reasoning and such masterful statement
of the Nation's right and the duty of loyal men, as to challenge its
thought and carry conviction to the minds of the thousands who
heard and read. The citizen of Indiana who has not read this
speech has yet a duty to perform before he is really qualified to
discharge the obligations of his free citizenship. There is in liter-
ature no more lucid, forceful statement of the doctrine underlying
national solidarity and unity than that made by him on this occa-
sion. Its value can only be appreciated by those having full and
accurate knowledge of the circumstances under which it was ut-
tered and of the doubt and uncertainty then pervading the country.
It was delivered eight days before Chase found the courage to
declare for the * enforcement of the laws of the Union at all hazards
and against all opposition/ and weeks before he had uttered his
famous epigram * Inauguration first, adjustment afterward.' The
effect was electrical. It broke the spell, made rifts in the clouds
and let the sunlight of patriotism into many hearts. Lincoln heard
it in his Springfield home and knew instinctively that it contained
a statement of the principles which alone could save the Union.
When at last the issue passed *from the field of argument to the
solemn fact of war,' Morton became almost ubiquitous. Lincoln's
proclamation calling for troops was answered by telegraph, tender-
ing twice Indiana's quota, before the ink was dry upon the paper
where it had been inscribed. From that time on his efforts never
ceased. He bombarded "Washington with telegrams and knocked in
person at slothful department doors. Arms and munitions could
not be obtained fast enough. Action, action, action, rang con-
tinuously through message, word and deed ; not thoughtless, spas-
modic, erratic action; but intelligent, far-sighted, sustained and
incessant action. The days became too short and their hours too
few. He could neither do enough himself nor get others to do
enough. The field was so wide, the need so great. A recreant and
disloyal legislature refused to receive his message written and sent
to it under the mandate of the constitution its members had sworn
to support, and adjourned without making provision for the prose-
cution of the war or for the maintenance of the state government.
Then for two years Morton became the State. He raised funds,
disbursed and applied them as the needs of the case required ; as-
sembled supplies, and mustered and equipped an army. And what
an army it was — ^208,000 — many more than fought under McClel-
lan at Antietam or under Meade at Gettysburg. Would you know
the history of that army? Qo read the annals of the mighty strug-
gle into whose red vortex its successive regiments were hurled, some
to drop on the weary march, some to sicken and die of disease,
many to fall facing their country's foes at the battle's front, others
to perish from starvation and thirst in prison pens, others to return
home after months of pain and suffering, maimed and broken in
body and health, and all to fight their way to deathless fame and
Mxxxtatx IH i^ fflnfiit OIiittttttiHfliiiitt
He acted sometimes outside the constitution and beyond the law,
but always for public good. The necessities of the struggle to pre-
serve the state and the nation compelled him at times to go beyond
the limitations of both ; but he always acted in the open and never
abused the power he assumed.
In the midst of preparation, the enlistment and equipment of
fresh troops and of recruits to fill the thinned ranks of regiments
already gone, he did not forget the value of sanitation in camp, or
overlook the needs of the sick and wounded. Thousands of hearts
were cheered and lives saved by timely succor sent by him. He
found time to go to the front and walk amid the dreary hospitals of
pain to see for himself and literally to bind up the wounds of the
men who had gone into battle under the inspiration of his word and
deed. Nor did he forget the widowed and the fatherless. Indiana
soldiers soon came to know that this stern, unyielding man was as
gentie as a woman and as tender as an angel of mercy when he
looked upon their wounds and beheld their suffering. It was then
that they learned to love him ; as to how well they loved him, let
the devotion with which they followed him for sixteen years make
answer ; let this monument of granite and this statue of bronze give
evidence; let the thousands of their surviving comrades here as-
sembled be living witnesses.
Nor did this many-sided man overlook civic affairs or social
needs. Under his recommendation and direction a state normal
school was established, an agricultural college founded and a law
enacted creating a reform school for incorrigible boys. Reforms
were inaugurated in the public service and strict accountability re-
quired of all who handled public funds. In his nature avarice had
no place. He lived and died an honest man. He left a statement
of what constitutes a test of a political party's integrity, so apt, so
lucid and so forceful, and which meets the need of the present day
so perf ectiy, that I commend it to the thoughtful consideration of
all men of all parties. It comes to me with the consolation of an
epistle from the Apostles. Standing here in the presence of his
silent image, let us hear it, receive its message, carry it away with
us and build upon it a higher conception of our own obligation to
party, to society and to the state :
'The true test as to whether any party is honest is found in the
fact that when it finds an offender or scoundrel in its ranks, it will
punish or expel him. If upon discovery, it lop off the rotten mem-
ber, and put away the uncleanliness, it vindicates its character as
an honest party. If, on the other hand, it defend the criminal,
palliate his guilt, and shield him from punishment, then its mem-
bers become partners in his crime, alike corrupt and deserving of
the condemnation of all men. '
Morton's services during the war were really national in char-
acter. He comprehended ahnost from the beginning the magnitude
of the struggle, and did much to prepare the mind of the country
for the awful sacrifice it was to make. The position of Indiana was
of pivotal importance. Under his leadership and the inspiration of
his word and the impelling force of his effort, her stand became
decisive and her place in the contest unquestioned. He lifted her
to eminence and gave her a proud place among the states.
The value of Kentucky to the Union was quickly seen and ap-
preciated and none did more to decide her wavering course than he.
He urged the importance of the opening of the Mississippi river
upon the president with persistent earnestness until it became an
accomplished fact. He repelled invasion at home and saved the
principal city of a neighboring state from capture. His example of
lofty patriotism, ceaseless effort and unchanging purpose became
an inspiration to the whole nation.
When he died his mantle was laid away. There was no Elisha
to receive it, nor has there since been. There were great men in
Indiana before him; there were great men among his
contemporaries; there have since been great men among her
sons, and there will yet be great men bom to her, but none
have had such opportunity, such setting as he. Nor have any
been so well prepared to meet such opportunity as came to
him, or so well fitted for such setting as that which en-
vironed him. The very times in which he lived were elemental. A
great man met a great occasion. The result was a mountain peak in
human history. So it was with Luther, with Cromwell, with Qara-
baldi, with .Washington and with Lincoln. So it will always be
with the world's supremely great. He who is able to recognize and
prepared to meet a great occasion needs but the striking of the hour
to write his name among the immortals. Oliver P. Morton was
able to see and was prepared to meet great occasion. He saw more
clearly and was better prepared than other men. When it burst
upon him he rose in strength and grandeur, and by his deeds proved
his kinship to the first bom of the centuries gone or yet to come —
MotUiU MwxwxittA OIiitttttti00i0tt
the benefactors of mankind — ^the nnf orgetables of the race. Be-
fore him the state had not known his equal, nor shall we know his
like again, till in the unfolding purpose of the Infinite another crisis
great as that in which he lived bursts upon the land, and his great
soul reincarnated returns to earth to lead again his countrymen
through its gloom and sacrifice.
Today, with love and tender recollection not unmixed with awe,
we dedicate this monument and unveil this statue to his memory,
fondly hoping it may stand through all the multiplying years as a
reminder to our posterity of his greatness and our esteem.
But better than monuments and statues, more enduring than
marble and bronze, are the impress he left upon his time, the uplift
he gave to American ideals, the revivifying power of his patriotism,
the enduring influence of his example, and the gathering glory of
his achievements. Monuments and statues may fall, marble and
bronze may crumble and lie in dust beneath the trampling feet of
thoughtless multitudes that 'cannot know and do not care,' but the
memory of these shall endure while the nation lives or liberty con-
tinues to be the heritage of man."
Vice-President Charles W. Fairbanks, in response to numerous
calls from the audience, addressed them as follows :
**Mr. President, Members of the Grand Army of the Republic,
Ladies and Gentlemen :
I have not come here today to engage in any speech. The oc-
casion for my speaking is this evening. I cannot, however, refrain
from the invitation which has come to me to say a few words as
they occur to me.
The occasion is one of supreme interest to every Indianian, to
every patriot, for this is, indeed, a patriotic hour. I want to ex-
press to the chief executive of the state my profound appreciation
of an oration that is well worthy of this great occasion.
We have met, it is said, to do honor to the memory of Oliver
P. Morton. That is in a sense true, but in a larger sense we have
met to do honor to the people of our state. For we honor ourselves
when we honor those who have done arduous service in the cause
of liberty in the years gone by. It is a happy circumstance that
this monument has arisen here in close fellowship with that monu-
ment of glory that stands in the circle beyond. Indiana a few
years ago contributed from the treasury of the state hundreds
of thousands of dollars to erect that shaft in commemoration of
the services of the brave sons of Indiana who went down on the
battlefield in the years that have passed.
Morton was not a soldier, it is true; but he was so near a
soldier that it was according to the eternal verities that his monu-
ment should stand here in fellowship with that monument that
has been erected to commemorate the valor of the soldiers of the
Oliver P. Morton became immortal because he rendered services
in behalf of the perpetuity of republican institutions. Our form
of government in 1861- '65 was put to the supreme test. The over-
mastering question was, *Is the government strong enough to
preserve itself?' From first to last Morton believed it was, and
his judgment was justified at the immortal meeting held at Appo-
mattox. Indiana during the heroic days of the Civil War took a
high place in the respect, confidence and esteem of the entire
A few weeks ago I stood on some of the great battlefields of
the Civil War. Some of you boys were there at Missionary Bidge,
Chickamauga and Lookout Mountain. I found everywhere a wil-
derness of monuments erected by the different states to commemo-
rate the valor of their sons, and I found that everywhere where
the battle was the hardest were the monuments commemorating the
valor of Morton's boys. We have a state of which we may well be
proud, and the one who added more than any other to its glory,
the one who stands pre-eminently the greatest of them all, is Oliver
P. Morton. We meet in the spirit so felicitously expressed by Mr.
Lincoln upon the historic field of Gettysburg. We do not come
here to honor those who did arduous service here. We come here
rather to dedicate ourselves to the preservation of what they so
grandly achieved here. In that sublime spirit we have come. We
have not come to honor the memory of Governor Morton, but to
consecrate ourselves to the maintenance of the institutions for the
integrity of which he did so much. Republican government is
preserved only through the intelligence and gratitude of the people
I am gratified to know that our institutions today are stronger
than they have ever been ; that we realize as never before the full
Mmbm iKotatmmt CD:otttmifi0i0tt
splendor and beneficence of them. Thirty years ago, when we
laid Oliver P. Morton to rest, there were gathered in this city
the foremost statesmen of our country. They came to pay our great
leader proper homage. The name of Morton then filled the land.
The memory of his mighty deeds was fresh in the minds of our
countrymen. Nearly a generation has come and gone since then,
and it is a gratifying fact that the service of Morton and the name
of Morton are as vividly impressed upon the hearts and minds
of the American people as they were a third of a century ago.
This is because he stood for things that stood for American liberty.
This monument wiU be the mecca, the shrine to which patriots will
come in the unnumbered years and bathe their souls in its sacred
Republics will be bom and die again beyond the seas; mon-
archies will rise and faU into decay; civilizations wiU be bom
and vanish from the world, and this monument will survive them.
The principles for which Governor Morton stood are enduring.
For centuries to come this monument will stand as evidence of the
gratitude of the patriotic people of a great state, for one who
wrought greatly in behalf of liberty and republican government in
a supreme crisis.''
R. B. Brown, Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the
Republic, was prevailed upon to make a few remarks and did so
in a most fitting manner, saying in part :
**The National Grand Army of the Republic wishes to join the
State of Indiana in honoring the memory of Oliver P. Morton.
While Morton was not a soldier, it is certainly fitting that the sol-
diers for whom he cared so carefully should be the first to start
the movement that ended in the erection of this monument. We
honor ourselves in thus honoring Indiana's great war Governor."
The dedicatory exercises were closed by a committee from the
Daughters of the American Revolution placing upon the pedestal
of the monument a wreath of flowers, and the department president
of the Woman's Relief Corps depositing a silk flag.
Of the family and relatives of Governor Morton on the plat-
form during the ceremonies were his son, Walter Morton; his
grandson, Oliver Perry Throck Morton; Col. W. R. Holloway,
brother-in-law and the war-time secretary of Governor Morton;
Mrs. Sarah C. Gill, sister of Mrs. Morton; Mrs. John Morton,
daughter-in-law, and Mrs. Edward Holloway, niece of Governor
It was very much regretted that Mrs. Lucinda Morton, the
Governor's widow, was unable to be present, owing to severe ill-
ness, and was thus deprived of the pleasure of witnessing the cere-
monies and listening to the eloquent tributes paid to her distin-
Mrs. Morton took great interest in the work of the Commission
and made many visits to the studio of the sculptor during the
time the statue was being modeled; in fact, the model and the
statue were not accepted by the Commission until approved by
Mrs. Morton, Colonel Holloway and other relatives.
Mrs. Morton's approval of the labors of the Commission were
best shown by the following letter:
''Indianapolis, Ind., Sept. 29, 1906.
**Dr. D. R. Lucas, Secretary of the Oliver P. Morton Monument
**Dear Doctor — Please extend to the members of the Commis-
sion my great satisfaction and appreciation of their earnest and
untiring zeal in carrying out the wishes of the veterans to make
a monument worthy of the memory of my husband, Oliver P.
**I think that the statue is magnificent in every particular and
the likeness is as near perfect as it is possible to make in plaster,
and altogether a worthy testimonial for his services to his state
**The selection of the Commission was eminently a wise one,
being composed of his best friends who knew him well, and were
qualified to judge of its merits.
**In behalf of myself and family, I express to you my most
earnest thanks. Sincerely yours,
''Lucinda M. Morton."
On the evening of the day of the dedication, the Grand
Army camp fire was held at Tomlinson Hall, the use of
which was kindly given without cost by Mayor Charles A.
Bookwalter, thus closing up the Morton day exercises. The
MnrUm HUmittttrttt (Smttmioainn
meeting was presided over by Captain William A.
Ketcham, Department Commander of the Indiana Grand
Army of the Republic, who introduced each speaker with
Commander-in-Chief of the G. A. R. R. B. Brown em-
phasized the value of peace and the influence for peace that
the old soldier exerted, saying: **War, cruel, brutal war,
is alien to the growth of a great people. Great is war, on
inspired occasions, but greater is peace, and we, the Grand
Army of the Republic, the veterans who know the horrors
of war, grim and real, we teach peace to all the world. ' '
Vice-President Charles W. Fairbanks was one of the
principal speakers, and he discussed Morton as the great
war Governor, saying:
We may say without invidious distinction that President Lin-
coln leaned more upon Governor Morton than upon the Governor
of any other state. The great President found in the great Gov.
emor a wise counselor, a quick and resolute supporter.
Governor Morton realized at the outbreak of the hostilities, in
a fuller sense than most men, the gravity of the task which con-
fronted the government. He realized that a war was at hand which
would shake the foundations of the republic and which would not
end without prolonged and serious effort. He believed that the
secession movement would not be arrested and peace restored with-
out the use of a large army. He knew that the work of preserving
the national life meant a tremendous loss of precious blood and
the expenditure of vast revenues of both state and nation.
Eealizing all of this, there was no hesitancy upon his part to
do the utmost that lay within his power. He was swift to offer
regiment after regiment of the best young men of the state to aid
the government in preserving the integrity of the nation and in
maintaining the supremacy of the flag of the republic. No better
soldiers than the Indiana boys ever took up arms in any cause
since the world began. They were found upon every field where
arduous work was to be done and they left an imperishable record
of heroic services which added to the honor of their state and to
the glory of their nation.
After the war closed, Governor Morton was transferred to the
Senate of the United States, where his abilities were needed in the
solution of the great questions which grew out of the war. He
met there the nation's ablest statesmen and from the beginning
stood among the very foremost. He carried into the work of this
larger theater of his effort singleness of purpose and a complete
consecration to public duty which characterized him in all of his
illustrious career. He was an indefatigable worker. He gave over
to the service in which he was engaged all of the wealth of genius,
statesmanship and patriotism which he possessed. The problems
with which he was obliged to deal were both many and grave. He
made his contribution to their solution in the private councils of
his party, in the committee room and upon the floor of the Senate.
He was a positive, aggressive factor always and everywhere, leav-
ing the impress of his genius upon his party's politics and the
He did much to secure the adoption of the fourteenth and fif-
teenth amendments to the Constitution of the United States, and
while opposing the creation of the electoral commission to determine
the disputed presidential election of 1876, he went upon the com-
mission and rendered conspicuous and invaluable service in the
solution of the serious and difficult questions which taxed its con-
To recall the details of his work in the Senate is beyond the
limits of my purpose; it is sufficient to say they were both numer-
ous and important and are a part of the enduring and splendid
record of our nation's legislature.
Joseph W. O'Neall, Adjutant-General of the Grand
Army of the Eepublic, spoke for a few minutes, closing with
an appeal to the veterans to remain loyal to the Grand
Army of the Eepublic, and asking that every effort be made
to draw all old soldiers into the organization.
Albert Baker, son of ex-Governor Conrad Baker, spoke
of Morton as Governor, of Morton's faith in the people,
and emphasized how that faith in them made their faith in
him. He also spoke of the personal side of Governor Mor-
ton, **whom every soldier regarded as his messmate."
iKortoti MtnmxmtA (Smttmioaiott
Major J. M. Ostrander spoke of the **True Model Sol-
dier." He took George H. Thomas as the model soldier,
and one to whom suflScient recognition had not been given.
He enmnerated Chickamanga, Missionary Eidge, Asheville,
Stone River and the Cumberland, to show that *' Thomas
Music was interspersed throughout the program. The
vocal music was furnished by the Scottish Rite Double Male
Quartet, composed of John H. Wilson, Samuel Potter, A.
S. Willard, Frank M. Ketcham, Charles J. W. Parker, Jr.,
F. M. Loomis, Oliver W. Isensee and J. C. Burkhart. The
mixed quartet was composed of Miss Arie Dazey, Miss
Belle Ketron, W. E. Goodnow and W. R. Rominger. Miss
Myra Goodnow was the accompanist.
After the dedication, the only unfinished work to be
done was the paving of Morton Plaza and the approaches
thereto. This the committee appointed for this purpose
took up, and as soon as the crushed granite and granite
steps were received, the best of workmanship was secured
and in a very short time that work was completed, at a cost
It is with deep sorrow that we report the death of Rev.
Daniel R. Lucas, the efficient secretary of this Commission,
which occurred November 3, 1907, after an illness of sev-
eral weeks. He lived to see the completion and dedica-
tion of the work in which he had shown great interest, and
to which he had given his time in full measure. He was
buried Wednesday, November 6, 1907, with a host of sor-
rowing friends and comrades of the Civil War in attend-
November 21, 1907. The Commission met upon call of
the president and the following memorial was unanimously
Whereas, Daniel R. Lucas, secretary of the Morton Monument
Commission, was removed by death November 3, 1907; therefore,
Resolved by the Commission, That the following tribute be
spread upon the records and a copy of the same be sent to the
widow and be given to the press.
That our late secretary faithfully and efficiently performed
every duty that was required of him, and while he shared with the
Commission and the sculptor in the general conception of the
Morton Monument, the inscription that appears on the tablet
on the reverse side of the upper die of the pedestal, and just
below the figure of Morton, was his own composition and approved
by the Commission, whereon he not only gave the birth and death
of our great Governor, but the tribute that he paid to him was
the product of his great and generous heart.
The life of Daniel R. Lucas was one of the many that was worth
its living. During the years of his early manhood he served his
country as a soldier in the great war of the rebellion from 1862
In the main he spent his subsequent life in proclaiming the
gospel of peace and good will to men on earth; beside, he was
possessed of a public spirit that prompted him to engage in great
enterprises for the enduring benefit of the community in which
he lived, the most notable of which was Drake University at Des
Moines, Iowa, the Central Christian Church building in the city
of Indianapolis, and not the least of all, his work upon the monu-
ment builded and dedicated to Indiana's great war Governor.
He was a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, and was
one of its very prominent advisers and counselors. He was hon-
ored by being elected chaplain-in-chief of its national organiza-
tion, one of the highest offices within its gift, as well as commander
of the Department of Indiana, and his own local post.
He was an active member of the Military Order of the Loyal
Legion and was several times elected chaplain of Indiana Com-
mandery of that organization.
A brave, generous Christian man has gone to his final reward.
Our most profound sympathy goes with this tribute to his faithful
companion and family.
MBttsm Utontsttttttt Olmmttiraton
Commissioner Henry C. Adams was then imanimously
elected Secretary and was instructed to prepare a report
of the Commission and superintend the publishing of the
The Commission is chargeable with $35,000, the appro-
priation made by the Legislature for the purpose of erect-
ing the monument, and $1,544.40 collected from Grand
Army Posts, Woman's Relief Corps, individuals and other
sources, making a total of $36,544.40.
We submit herewith a detailed statement of the receipts
and expeditures, showing a balance in the hands of the
treasurer of state of $297.93.
Appropriation by State $35,000 00
Subscriptions from G. A. R. Posts, individuals, etc. . . 1,544 40
Total $36,544 40
Franklin Simmons, model $55 80
Rudolf Schwarz, sculptor, bronze work 17,585 00
Chas. G. Blake & Co., granite and cement
work 14,131 00
H. C. Adams, paving plaza, approved by
Commission 1,139 75
John R. Lowe, architect 224 49
E. E. Dunlap, supervisuig architect 100 00
Sentinel Printing Company 160 98
Emma K. Stuart, stenographic services . . 230 00
Postage 76 71
Expenses of Com. W. R. King, R. R. fare,
etc 31 65
Expenses of Com. I. H. C. Royse, R. R.
fare, etc 63 34
Meals for Commission 32 80
Long distance telephone $2 70
Advertisements for bids 20 39
W. D. Tatman, Rink and Ind. Elee. Co.,
pictures 8 25
Expenses dedication of monument 583 61
D. R. Lucas, salary as secretary, 28 months 1,680 00 $36,246 47
Balance in hands of treasurer of state. . $297 93
The Commission desire to express its grateful acknowl-
edgment to Hon. James Bingham, attorney-general of the
state, who has prepared all contracts and bonds which have
been made by the Commission with contractors for the
various parts of the work, and by his advice the Commis-
sion have been guided in all matters of legal procedure.
The Commission desire to express to you their grateful
appreciation of the honor that you have conferred upon
them by their appointment to carry out the wishes of the
people of Lidiana, in the erection of the tribute to Governor
Morton. The Commission also recognize with gratitude
the very great assistance you have rendered them as they
proceeded with this work. You have always been ready,
with advice and counsel, which was so often sought, and
have always shown, not only an official interest, but a very
deep personal interest as well in their labors.
Warebn E. King, President,
E. B. Martindalb,
' Joseph I. Irwin,
I. H. C. EOYSB,
Henry C. Adams, Secretary,
Board of Commissioners.
Indianapolis, Ind., February 19, 1908.