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Full text of "The DeLongs of New York and Brooklyn : a Hueuenot family portrait"

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I 



The DeLongs of 
New York and Brooklyn 



A Huguenot Family Portrait 



The DeLongs of 
New York and Brooklyn 



A Huguenot Family Portrait 



THOMAS A. DeLONG 



Introduction by 
Elizabeth L White 






SASCO ASSOCIATES 

Southport, Connecticut 

1972 



Copyright® 1972 by Thomas A. DeLong 

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be 

reproduced in any form without prior permission in writing 

from the author, except by a reviewer who may quote 

brief passages in a review to be printed in a magazine 

or newspaper. 



Published by Sasco Associates 
Southport, Connecticut 06490 



Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 75-189091 
ISBN 0-912980-01 -X 

First Edition 



i 



Printed in the United States of America 

at Macfarlane & Fraser, Inc., Bridgeport, Connecticut 06601 

Phototypeset and Composed by 
Vari-Comp, Shelton, Connecticut 06484 



the Katharines, Sarahs and Emmas 

who grace these pages and the 

essence of many lives. 



i 



CONTENTS 



CHAPTER 

INTRODUCTION BY ELIZABETH L. WHITE 
PREFACE 
I KINSHIP 
II ONE HUNDRED YEARS AND FIVE GENERATIONS 

III A HUGUENOT HEGIRA 

IV BOWERS TO BROOKLYN 

V MECHANIC TO MERCHANT 
VI AN EASTERN DISTRICT DYNASTY 
VII BROOKLYN 14. SUBURBIA 14 
VIII PROGENY AD INFINITUM 
IX CITY SIBLINGS 
X ARCTIC FEVER 
XI GEMS AND NOTIONS 

NOTES 

BIBLIOGRAPHY 

INDEX 



PAGE 

9 

11 

15 

19 

23 

31 

41 

51 

71 

83 

121 

147 

171 

179 

185 

189 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



FOLLOWING PAGE 82 



INTRODUCTION 



During the past years, ancestor-hunting has become a popular armchair 
sport in the United States. No longer are only the wealthy and socialites 
interested in their family backgrounds. Instead, men and women of every 
social condition have become involved in tracking down their family histories. 

The reasons for this interest in genealogy are many and varied. Some are 
frankly snobbish — people yearn for luster borrowed from famous ancestors, 
royalty or commoner, or may wish to prove a connection between themselves 
and a well-known current figure. Others may be interested in their family 
background out of curiosity — wanting to know what kind of people they 
have descended from — farmers, tradesmen, lawyers, soldiers, rich men or 
poor. Some may wish to prove their right to an inheritance or membership 
in a society such as the Daughters of the American Revolution. Some may 
hope to take precautions to avoid burdening their unborn descendants with 
the consequences of hereditary defects. Yet others may pursue genealogi- 
cal studies for religious reasons, as do the Latter-day Saints, who may save 
their ancestors by posthumous baptism into the Mormon faith. And still 
others, feeling the pressures of our mobile, rootless society, may wish to 
provide for themselves and their descendants the legacy of a set of roots, a 
direct link to the past as experienced both by their immediate generations 
and those who preceded them. 

Genealogical research can prove itself useful in fulfilling any of these 
functions, however, worthy or unworthy each of these individual functions 
may be. But besides the value of the results, there is more than one inherent 
value in the research itself. Genealogical research has provided a fascinat- 
ing and rewarding hobby for the leisure time of thousands of people whose 
ancestors may never have done anything very remarkable. At the same time, 
this research may very well result in a growing appreciation of the 
historical and social changes that have been occurring through the centuries. 
Someone, for instance, tracing his ancestry back from a current generation 
of professional people , through white-collar workers to factory workers to 
farmers to indentured immigrant servants to English factory workers to 
yeoman farmers, is going to have a much clearer grasp of the importance 
of social mobility and the social changes brought about by the British 
enclosure laws and the Industrial Revolution, than someone who may only 
have read a dry treatise on the subject. For the genealogist, there will be a 
much greater sense of immediacy, a sense that he himself is involved in 
these events because it is his family that is involved. 



Thomas DeLong's book discusses more than the dry genealogical facts 
found in so many family histories. Although it does cover the basic statistical 
facts of birth, marriage, children's birth, and death dates, it also includes 
the more enlivening material of record and anecdote which makes for more 
interesting reading. The careers of several DeLongs, particularly George 
Washington DeLong and Edith Haggin DeLong of DeLong Ruby fame, are 
shown in much closer detail, as is fitting, in view of their more publicized 
contributions to the world. The volume should prove useful, not only to those 
DeLongs who are closely related to the DeLongs of New York and Brooklyn, 
but also to genealogists of the future, who will be able to trace not only 
the DeLongs, but also many of the collateral branches of the family through 
records of parents or people married to DeLongs. 

Elizabeth L. White 
Brooklyn History Librarian 
Brooklyn Public Library 



10 



PREFACE 



The author's interest in a family biography stems from research for a 
Master's thesison CommanderGeorge Washington DeLong and \heJeannette 
Expedition. Published data on the explorers life prior to the launching of the 
Jeannette in 1878 was fragmentary and incomplete. No historian or biographer, 
including Cmdr. DeLong's widow, had thoroughly researched his early years. 

I initially tracked down and consulted such contemporary primary sources 
as newspaper articles, letters, journals and directories for possible untapped 
information on George W. DeLong. My interest soon spread to include other 
members of the DeLong family who had moved to New York City from 
eastern PennsyJvania in the 1820s and '30s. These descendants of early 
18th-century Huguenot settlers migrated from an isolated Pennsylvania 
Dutch farming community to bustling Manhattan, the fastest growing 
city in the country. In 1845, one of them, Joseph DeLong, moved across 
the East River to Brooklyn, and before the turn of the century, he and his 
progeny were one of the largest and best-known families in that city. For 
more than 75 years, DeLongs were closely associated with social, cultural 
and religious activities of Brooklyn. 

This family compendium focuses primarily on Joseph and his descendants, 
but includes sections on Joseph's Huguenot ancestry, the family of his wife 
Mary Lopes, and his three brothers — Abraham, Jonathan and Levi — and 
sister Lydia, all of whom lived in New York or Brooklyn at one time. The 
narrative also portrays aspects of Brooklyn life in its halcyon days. 

Although the story of the Jeannette Expedition has been told in a 
number of books, beginning in 1884 with the explorer's journals. The 
Voyage of the Jeannette, and later in the fictionalized best-seller of 1938. 
Hell on Ice, the chapter on Commander DeLong covers new ground, using 
much material overlooked or published only in part. This includes the 
autobiography of Emma Wotton DeLong in its original, unabridged version. 
However, I do not detail the two-and-a-half year Arctic saga of the Jeannette, 
a story readily available in other accounts and anthologies. 

A genealogy is never conclusive. New information is continually forthcom- 
ing and fills in all-too-frequent biographical gaps and omissions. Moreover, 
mislayed or unobtainable data subsequently is found or becomes available. 
In the compilation of data on more than 400 individuals, a genealogist 
could easily consume a lifetime in research without claiming the job's been 
done. Yet, without concentrated efforts in the 1960s and '70s, much source 
material would be irretrievably lost. Thus, the author, after a dozen years 



11 



of probing publications and prodding people, has written this account of the 
DeLongs of New York and Brooklyn. Unless otherwise noted, he alone 
accepts responsibility for the accuracy, compilation and interpretation of 
material. 

A number of individuals have supplied invaluable data, photographs, and 
suggestions which have provided the basis for this work. They are Sara 
DeL. Kellogg, Emma del. Mills, William W. Harman, the late Alice DeL. 
Kleinpeter, Barbara DeL. Hawkes, Donald S. MacDowell, Maude DeL. 
Gossage, the late Howard M. Hanf, Dr. Arthur DeL. Philson, Adele M. 
Diehl, Rosamond N. DeLong, Ann Hatch Briggs, Marian W. Paulmier, 
Joseph L. Schaefer, Mildred S. Levine, Harold DeL. Conklin, Howard A. 
and Wallace H. DeLong, Chester A. Siegman, Theodore M. Sastrom, William 
Haggin Perry, William DeL. Macy, Mary McCormick DeLong, Caroline 
Heinz Zande, Fred DeL. Moller, Rear Adm. Edward Ellsberg, Mrs. Richard 
Lounsbery and Elsie England DeLong. 

For help and information, I wish to thank Dr. Herbert B. Anstaett, 
executive secretary of The Evangelical and Reform Historical Society, Lan- 
caster, Pa.; Mae Bowler, supervisor, John Hay Whitney - New York Herald 
Tribune Newspaper Collection at N.Y.U.; Louise Turpin and Dallas R. Shawkey 
of the Brooklyn Public Library; the Rev. Francis D. Wallace, stated clerk, 
Presbytery of New York City; Clarence E. Meek, chief librarian, N.Y. 
Fire Department, Long Island City; Gerald W. Gillette, research secretary, 
Presbyterian Historical Society, Philadelphia; Neil B. Watson, superintendent 
of The Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn; Robert W. Carroll, secretary, 
Penn Central Transportation Co.; J. Willard Jesse, Town of Varna, III., 
historian; Burton Rogers, director. Pine Mountain (Ky.) Settlement School; 
Samuel Thorne, genealogist of the Veteran Corps of Artillery, State of New 
York; Edmund A. Stanley, Jr., president of Bowne & Co., New York; 
Prof. Belov M.I., The Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, Leningrad; 
Prof. Stephen B. Gates of the University of Massachusetts; Herman R. Friis, 
director. Center for Polar Archives, Washington, D.C.; Sohei Hohri, librarian, 
New York Yacht Club; Margaret R. Finn, vice-president, The First National 
Bank of Aitoona, Pa.; Ruth Keusseff of the Johns-Manville Research and 
Engineering Center, Manville, N.J.; Norman Laine, vice-president. The Berger 
Brothers Co., New Haven, Conn.; Stanley Crane, librarian, Pequot Library, 
Southport, Conn.; Louis B. Phillips, president, Marshall Co. State Bank, 
Varna, III., and Charles Marmoy. honorary librarian of the Huguenot Society 
of London. 

My appreciation also to the New York Historical Society; New York 
Public Library; Long Island Historical Society; Nassau County Museum and 
Library; New York Genealogical and Biographical Society; Kings County 
Medical Society; National Society Daughters of the American Revolution; 



12 



Hour Publishing Company, Norwalk, Conn.; St. James Church, Elmhurst, 
L.I.; Queensborough Public Library, Jamaica. N.Y.; Christ (DeLong's) Church, 
Bowers. Pa.; Edison National Historic Site, Orange. N.J.; U.S. Patent Office. 
Washington, DC; California Historical Society, San Francisco; Butler Library. 
Columbia University; the Free Library of Philadelphia; Yale University Library. 
New Haven, Conn ; Mount Vernon (N.Y.) Public Library; Sons of the 
Revolution, Philadelphia; Alumnae Association of Smith College; Illinois State 
Historical Society; Bridgeport (Conn.) Post Publishing Co.; Toledo-Lucas 
County (Ohio) Public Library; Huntington (L.I.) Public Library; New Canaan 
(Conn.) Historical Society, and the Centraal Bureau voor Genealogie, Graven- 
hage. The Netherlands. 

For material on the DeLongs of Pennsylvania. I am indebted to Raymond 
P. DeLong of Bowers; Julius F. DeLong of Bethayres Hunt; John Joseph 
Stoudt of Fleetwood; Wayne R. DeLong of Bethlehem; Dorothy C. Dean of 
Washingtonville; Arthur Toye Fouike of Danville; Mary Ellen Hutterii of 
Wisconsin Rapids. Wise, and DeLong genealogist John D. Baldwin of 
Cleveland, who answered innumerable questions and unwraveled many fam- 
ilial knots. 

Much of the manuscript was read by Mrs. Chester H. Chatfield, registrar 
of the Huguenot Society of Connecticut, and by Dr. Margaret L. Brown, 
both of whom generously shared their research experience. Dr. Warren H. 
Smith of Yale University took time from a full editorial schedule to offer 
invaluable advice and important criticism. A special note of thanks to 
Wilfred Rowe and William W. Atkin who gave the manuscript the benefit 
of their sharp editorial wisdom. I am most grateful to Elizabeth L. White 
for writing a perceptive and enlightening introduction. 

A personal note of thanks to my wife, Katharine, who with patience and 
skill typed and retyped the manuscript and offered helpful suggestions every 
step from idea to index. And to the hundred or so DeLongs who filled out 
biographical forms and to the countless individuals who answered myriad 
questions, I hope they find a measure of satisfaction in knowing their 
assistance was essential to this family study. 

Much of the data was gathered in 1971 and reflects the familial status, 
for the most part, at mid-year. Facts and other details are accurate to the 
best of the author's knowledge. Changes and postscripts are inevitable, 
and undoubtedly will occur between the time this book goes into production 
and publication day. If there are any such errors or omissions, the author 
and publisher regret them. 

Thomas A. DeLong 
Southport, Connecticut 
February, 1972 



13 



A Note on Addresses, Dates and Abbreviations 

Addresses are in Brooklyn, if not otherwise identified. A date (or dates) 
following an address, company, organization, occupation or military service 
indicates the documented period of such affiliation. After the date of death 
of most individuals, the place of burial, if known, follows, viz. cemetery 
and location. For Brooklyn's three major cemeteries, these abbreviations are 
used: CH (Cypress Hills). GW (Green-Wood) and EV (Evergreen). 

Abbreviations of proper names that frequently appear in footnotes are: 
JD (Joseph DeLong), JDJr (Joseph DeLong, Jr.), WAD (Dr. William A. De- 
Long), MDM (Mary DeL. MacKinnon Philson), GWD (George Washington 
DeLong). EWD (Emma Wotton DeLong) and TAD (author). 



14 



I 

KINSHIP 



In 1969 there were an estimated 17,320 persons in the United States with 
the surname DeLong. The name ranked 1.639 in a list of the 2,000 most com- 
mon surnames (vs. 2,238,400 first-place Smiths).' Of these, about 30 are 
descendants of Joseph DeLong, Sr , and at least 100 are progeny of his 
brothers. When Joseph died in 1915, he alone left nearly 70 direct descendants 
spread over four generations. Today, they number more than 300, although 
the overwhelming majority no longer retain the DeLong surname. Thus, it is 
not too difficult for third or fourth cousins to be totally unaware of their kin- 
ship. The following incident is one example. 

A half-dozen years ago, a descendant of Joseph DeLong spent his vacation 
on St. Thomas in the Virgin Islands, where he had arranged to rent a beach- 
side house, about 25 minutes outside Charlotte Amalie. A day or so after his 
holiday began, the owner of the house — an ex-New Yorker — invited his 
"tenant" to cocktails. The two men, both in their early 50s, conversed on a 
range of subjects, but soon were discussing the benefits of living in a year- 
round warm climate. The visitor, a physician, commented that hereditary 
factors perhaps were more important to a long, healthy life than environment. 

"Then I have it made on both scores," the sun-tanned islander said. "My 
great-great-grandfather lived to 102." 

"So did mine," the doctor replied. "Where did yours live?" 

"In Brooklyn. He died when I was two." 

"Brooklyn! That's where mine came from, too. What's his name?" 

"DeLong. ..Joseph DeLong." 

"Amazing!" the doctor exclaimed. "He's my great-grandfather. We're 
cousins." 

And that's how Dr. Arthur DeLong Philson met Frank Burke. 

Among the New York and Brooklyn DeLongs today, the DeLong surname 
is the exception. Joseph DeLong's offspring tended to produce a few more 
daughters than sons, and this trend accelerated with the next generation. 
But a sizable number of the family have kept DeLong as a middle or given 
name. 

Although names change, family characteristics and traits may hold for 
generations. For instance, the following documented happenstances involved 
several lines and generations but don't overlook the qualifying comments. 

At a family party in 1921, attended by Joseph's five surviving children, 
whose average age was 73, a DeLong offspring looked around at the guests 
and was quoted as saying. "DeLongs never die."^ Although no one achieved 



15 



Joseph's 102-year record, his offspring lived to an average age of 83. 
Actually, few DeLongs in the 19th and 20th centuries were nonagenarians. 
It just may have seemed that so many had been around forever. And what of 
this DeLong who boasted of the family's durability? Did he come near the 
century mark? The family spokesman expired at a respectable, but compar- 
atively young, 65 years. 

In 1914 a DeLong was given a testimonial dinner by his professional 
associates and commended for his "ready wit and attractive personality."^ 
Testimonial speeches are, by no means, an accurate gauge of an individual's 
true standing among his peers; they are taken with the proverbial grain of 
salt. Though the record contains a good deal more than mere isolated exam- 
ples of DeLong wit and high spirits, nevertheless, if one takes the stage 
and platform as the ultimate vehicles for the display of ready wit and 
sparkling personality, the DeLongs fail the test. None followed theatrical or 
political careers of any professional significance, yet these character- 
istics cannot be dismissed; indeed, they surface unexpectedly. 

At an athletic club event, a DeLong insisted on reserving dining room 
chairs for his entire party even after being told by the president that he 
violated the rules. Suspended from membership for one month, he sued the 
club." A seemingly minor incident, such as the holding of chairs at a club 
sporting event, could mushroom into fisticuffs or a legal donnybrook,if a 
DeLong were party to the proceedings. DeLongs — generally short in 
stature and temper — often appear tenacious to the point of stubborness. 
It has been a steadfast buttress and an Achilles' heel. 

In the middle of the Depression, a 35-year-old DeLong descendant 
turned a hobby into a career and started a highly successful scale model 
company.^ At the same period, there may have been a few DeLongs 
selling apples, but the chances were good that they would soon open a 
full-scale market. A remarkable number of DeLongs in every generation 
became their own bosses but usually not in super-corporate settings. 
Rather, these entrepreneurs tailor-made their own shops, offices, and plants 
in a manner suitable to their temperament and talent. 

Longevity, wit,, stubbornness, and enterprise stand out over five or six 
generations of these plucky, if sometimes obstinate. Huguenot progeny. Of 
varied professions, occupations and pursuits, they have been architects and 
analysts, builders and beauticians, doctors and designers, lawyers and lumber- 
men, mayors and merchants, salesmen and sailors. Since the birth of the 
country, they have been mustered into military service and gone off to war. 
On the home front, in war or peace, they have worked to make their 
communities a better place to live. Many have been joiners, active in civic, 
professional, fraternal and social groups. Others have been loners, seeking 
contentment in doing things in their own time and way Several have been 



16 



trailblazers — inventors, explorers, aviators. Many, imbued with the energy 
and will of their Huguenot forebears, have been doers — individuals who 
have gotten things done and made their mark. Our narrative begins with 
one of the most vigorous and renowned bellwethers of this old Huguenot 
family— Joseph DeLong. 



17 



II 

ONE HUNDRED YEARS 
AND FIVE GENERATIONS 



On his 100th birthday, October 28, 1913, Joseph DeLong looked back on 
a full and eventful life — a century that encompassed a boyhood in an 
isolated Pennsylvania farm community, work in New Jersey and Connecticut 
factories of the 1830s. management and ownership of a New York shipping 
and storage company, and retirement in Brooklyn where he and most of 
his large family had lived for 68 years. 

Born when Madison lived in the White House, Joseph had lived under 
the administrations of 24 U.S. Presidents — all but Washington, Adams and 
Jefferson. Growing up when the stagecoach carried travelers between cities, 
the centenarian had seen the steam engine, telegraph, telephone, electric 
light and automobile evolve as everyday conveniences. 

Perhaps the only recurrent "problem" mankind had been unable to over- 
come was war. Joseph had lived through four major conflicts, beginning 
with the War of 1812. In 1813 the young nation was again locked in 
battle with the British. The Redcoats that year had crushed poorly-trained 
American soldiers in the Michigan territory and at Fort Niagara. A British 
naval blockade extended from the Chesapeake to the mouth of the Mississippi. 
But by 1814 the victorious naval battles of Decatur, Bainbridge and Perry 
helped to revive the confidence of the people, extinguish the country's 
raging sectional disputes, and unite the States in a common cause. 

Now, a hundred years later in 1913, another war loomed on the horizon. 
Experts were predicting a big European war, as Germany increased the 
number of battalions from 651 to 681. The end of an era that historian 
Walter Lord later called The Good Years was near. Soon gone would be the 
optimism, exuberance, confidence and hope that filled the dawning years of 
the 20th century. 

A new president — Woodrow Wilson — took office in March, 1913. 
Although he lost the popular vote in the three-way race with Taft and 
Roosevelt, Wilson won 435 electoral votes — the largest up to that time. 
That year two Constitutional amendments — the first ratified since the Civil 
War reconstruction period — made into law the income tax and the direct 
election of Senators. 

John Purroy Mitchell, running for Mayor of New York on the Fusion 
ticket, beat ex-Judge Edward E. McCall, a Democrat. The new Woolworth 
Building attracted countless sightseers, and at the Armory Show, impression- 
istic painters jolted the established art world. Ragtime had just reached Broad- 
way, but Victor Herbert's "Sweethearts" drew standing-room-only audiences, 



19 



and songs with a Gay '90s flavor reverberated from front parlor pianos from 
coast to coast. 

Across the East River in Brooklyn, Gus Edwards' Revue, headlining the 
Keith vaudeville circuit, opened at the Bushwick Theatre in late October. 
Abraham and Straus announced a sale of "made to measure" men's woolen 
suits for $20 and silk-lined topcoats for $13.95. 

Loeser & Co. offered upright pianos at $198. In Flatbush, eight-room 
brick houses sold for $4,800. 

The Bushwick Avenue M.E. Church opened a $7,000 gymnasium, and at 
the Academy of Music, the week-long world convention of the WCTU 
ended with a clear-cut resolution to get women the right to vote by the 
next Presidential election. 

This was the setting in which Joseph DeLong entered his second hundred 
years on October 28, 1913. Inside his three-story frame house at 62 Devoe 
in the Williamsburg section, the centenarian woke up early and prepared for 
his usual breakfast of oatmeal, canteloupe, brown bread and coffee. Even 
after a hundred years, Joseph ate as heartily as a schoolboy. His 27-year- 
old granddaughter, Martha Stafford, cooked and kept house for the remark- 
ably spry old gentleman, a widower for six years. 

Joseph's family and Samuel J. Comfort, a neighbor at 64 Devoe, planned 
a memorable 100th birthday party. Three years earlier. Comfort promised 
that if his old friend reached 100 he would host a neighborhood cele- 
bration. The big day had arrived, and looking from his front window, 
Joseph DeLong could see bunting and flags and Japanese lanterns on every 
house. All morning, letters and telegrams of birthday greetings arrived and 
piled up on the parlor table. 

One of the first callers to congratulate the centenarian that Tuesday 
was the Rev. Newell Woolsey Wells. Pastor of the South Third Street 
Presbyterian Church, he carried a bouquet of 100 American Beauty roses 
for his celebrated parishioner. In the afternoon Joseph, Jr., who lived next 
door at 60 Devoe, stopped by for a game of checkers, and soon grand- 
children and great-grandchildren began to arrive. A gigantic cake with 100 
small candles and one large candle attracted the young guests. Between puffs 
on his black briar pipe, Joseph, too, eyed the enormous cake in the 
adjoining room. 

When told that the big candle in the middle of the cake was "one to 
grow on", he laughed. "I guess I won't be here in another year," he said. 
"There's a little spot for me out in Cypress Hills." 

The family quickly reminded him that he had said the same thing for 
20 years. "Well, I won't deny it." 

Relatives and friends from all corners of the city arrived to congratulate 
Father, as Joseph was affectionately called. His six children and most of 



20 



his 53 grandchildren and great-grandchildren gathered. The fifth generation 
child — one of the two great-great-grandchildren — journeyed from Hunting- 
ton. L.I Ten-month-old William W. Atkin was carried up the front steps 
by his mother. Dorcas Wilson Atkin. The other fifth-generation baby, 
Frank G. Burke, of New York — just two weeks old — had yet to pay a visit 
to his great-great-grandparent. 

Shortly before sundown, a brass band marched to a halt in front of the 
DeLong home Within minutes, neighbors filled the street. An open, horse- 
drawn barouche pulled up and a parade formed behind the carriage. Lines 
of firemen and police. Civil War veterans, church groups, and represent- 
atives from a dozen or more clubs stretched the length of Devoe Street. 
Sam Comfort escorted the centenarian to the front door where he was 
greeted by a cheering throng. In response. Joseph DeLong raised his hat 
and shouted three hurrahs. Then he took a seat in the waiting carriage and 
the parade began. The route passed along Devoe Street to Leonard, up 
Ainsle and Lorimer. and back to 62 Devoe. 

The festivities had only begun. A "Mardi gras" block party for nearly 
three hundred people lasted past midnight. Joseph watched from his window 
as neighbors and friends danced to the strains of the currently-popular 
"Peg 0' f^y Heart," "f^oonlight Bay" and "Trail of the Lonesome Pine." 
But Joseph, refusing to break an age-old habit, went to bed precisely at 
10 o'clock. His only regret that day was that wife Mary had not lived to share 
the birthday party which the Brooklyn Times described as "one of the 
largest tributes ever paid to a private citizen in the history of Brooklyn." 

A half-dozen newspaper reporters interviewed Joseph DeLong on his birth- 
day. They described him as enjoying life as if he were half his 100 years. 
In talking with the press, he expressed a "never worry" philosophy. 

"You must work hard, but your work must not spoil either sleep or 
recreation," he said. "Having young people around is a good thing, too, for 
a man who wants to live long and then die young." 

His keen brown eyes twinkled as he attributed his longevity to moderation 
and temperate habits. Joseph prescribed no set rules but advised: 

"A person should eat to live, not live to eat. I think the only important 
rule of diet is to satisfy the appetite with simple, home-cooked food. I 
rarely touch liquor and have smoked tobacco only for the last 50 years." 

Joseph explained he acquired a taste for cigars back in the 1860s when he 
was in the storage and warehouse business. He had opened an unclaimed 
barrel of Havana cigars shipped from California. The tobacco had been 
lying in the barrel for five years. One day he tried one of the cigars and 
discovered it to be quite good. He kept smoking the Havanas until the barrel 
was empty Later, he acquired a pipe. 

"What does it feel like to be so old?" The Evening World reporter asked. 



21 



"Growing old is something as natural as eating or sleeping," he replied. 
"It's something that comes to you without your realizing it. There is never 
any special day, any special year, when you stop and say to yourself 
'Now I am old.' At least, you never say it before you get to be 100. 
And then you have no bitterness." 

To everyone celebrating the centennial, Joseph seemed 100 years young, 
not old. But the inscription in the family Bible plainly revealed that Joseph 
DeLong, indeed, had been born at 7 a.m., on October 28, 1813. His birth- 
place was a log house in Bowers, Berks County. Pa. The son of Moses and 
Elizabeth Werii DeLong, he was named for his father's older brother, 
Joseph. Forty-nine-year-old Uncle Joseph also stood as godfather when on 
November 24 the Rev. Charles G. Herman (1792-1863), recently ordamed 
pastor of the Bowers Reformed Church, baptized Joseph. The baby's 
Huguenot great-grandfather would have been gratified to know that America 
still provided a safe and tranquil haven for the third generation of DeLongs 
in the New World. The road to liberty and tolerance had been a long and 
arduous one for these French Protestants — an hegira beginning more than a 
hundred years earlier. 



22 



Ill 

A HUGUENOT HEGIRA 



stories of the early Puritans. Dutch patroons, English Quakers and Spanish 
conquistadores fill many pages of history, while Huguenots draw brief men- 
tion or cursory reference. Primarily, it is because these French Protestants, 
in coming to America, frequently joined with other groups of colonists — 
usually English, Dutch or German. Secondly, they eagerly submerged them- 
selves in the cultural and economic life of their fellow travelers. In seeking 
religious tolerance. Huguenots accepted the ways and mores of their new 
homes and were content to make a contribution to community and country 
without emphasizing their nationality. After their struggles with the all- 
powerful French establishment of the 16th and 17th century, it perhaps is no 
wonder that their European origins were best forgotten. Hence, when France 
ultimately drove these reformers into exile, their attention centered on the 
life that lay ahead, not on the culture they had left. 

In essence, the Huguenot movement grew from protest against a corrupt 
civilization. It had its roots as early as the 12th century with the Vaudois 
sect. This missionary group rejected the Roman Church clergy in France, 
abstained from oaths and the use of force, and generally attempted to re- 
introduce early Christian fellowship and apostolic simplicity. Their ideas 
spread and provided the groundwork for the Reformation leaders to come — 
Luther, Zwingli and Calvin. By the early 1500s, Zwingli's teachings in 
Switzerland had challenged the Pope, Calvinism had gained a foothold in 
France and the Low Countries, and Lutheran tenets had begun to spread 
throughout Germany. The religious turmoil led many rulers — some import- 
ant and others of little power — to espouse Protestanism. and their domains 
soon became safe havens for non-Catholics. 

By 1550 one-fourth of France was Protestant. Most of these Protestants, 
or French Huguenots, had grown so numerous and powerful that Henry II 
feared and persecuted them. During the second half of the 16th century, 
Catholics and Protestants vied in unrelenting opposition, climaxed by the St. 
Bartholomew's Day massacre of August 24, 1572, when thousands of Hugue- 
nots were killed. Not until King Henry IV, a Protestant, came to the 
throne did the Huguenots gain freedom of worship. He saw the need to end 
civil war in his strife-torn country, and in 1598 issued The Edict of Nantes. 
This gave the French Protestants religious, political and academic rights, 
and brought to a close the fraternal wars that had lasted for 40 years. 

Although granted freedom of worship by the French King, the Huguenots 
still encountered fear, hate and persecution. In 1643 Louis XIV began his 



23 



72-year reign. The young monarch and his Catholic advisers soon whittled 
away all the rights granted by King Henry. Louis completed his anti- 
Protestant maneuvering by revoking The Edict of Nantes in 1685. Within 
weeks, hundreds of Protestant churches were put to the torch. The more 
fortunate Huguenots fled the country. When the King learned that France 
had lost thousands of its subjects, he outlawed Huguenot emigration. More- 
over, anyone caught reading the Bible, preaching, or worshipping according 
to Protestant beliefs, faced imprisonment, torture, and hanging. Defying the 
law, a million or more Huguenots left France. Some found refuge in Protes- 
tant Switzerland; others in the Palatinate, a region along the Rhine in west- 
ern Germany. Many from both regions soon crossed the Atlantic to America. 

By the late 17th century, Huguenots had settled in colonies from Massa- 
chusetts to South Carolina. In the colonization of New Netherlands, French 
Protestants and Walloons were closely associated with the Dutch. A 
large number occupied high places in the government which made no dis- 
tinction between them and the ruling caste. The first Dutch dominie, the 
Rev. Jonas Michaelius, administered communion to his congregation in both 
Dutch and French. 

Among the most successful and largest settlements of Huguenots was New 
Rochelle, 16 miles northeast of New York City. This community attracted 
many French families who wished to live and worship in their own village 
and still be within reach of the city. 

To the north, at New Paltz in Ulster County, Huguenots established a 
community on land purchased from the Esopus Indians. In Boston a French 
congregation flourished as early as 1685. And in the south. Huguenot 
refugees settled in Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina. 

A number of Huguenots joined German Calvinists from the Palatinate and 
set sail for the English colonies. Some settled at Rhinebeck and Kingston on 
the Hudson; others proceeded westward to the Mohawk Valley. Many migrat- 
ed directly to Pennsylvania. Still another group of French and German 
Protestants came first to the Hudson Valley and later resettled in eastern 
Pennsylvania. Among these immigrants was the ancestor of Joseph DeLong. 

Pieter DeLong, great-grandfather of Joseph, is regarded by his descendants 
as the first DeLong of their branch to settle in America. He is believed to 
have been born between 1685 and 1702. Because his family escaped their 
homeland and fled eastward, Pieter may have been born in Switzerland, the 
Palatinate or England. According to family tradition, corroborated by a num- 
ber of collateral facts, Pieter at one point lived in the French province of 
Lorraine. One Huguenot historian, the Rev. A. Stapleton, writes that thou- 
sands of Alsatians and Lorraines came to Pennsylvania but, having so much in 
common with their Palatine neighbors, their identity was almost lost in the 
general exodus. He includes the DeLongs who came to Berks County, Pa., 



24 



in this group, and notes that the "slight difference between French worship 
and that of the Reformed, together with the predominance of the German 
language, naturally tended to obliterate their identity in the course of a 
few decades."' 

Others believe Pieter was born in the Hudson Valley, but no record exists. 
Nothing is known of the European origins of Pieter DeLong's parents — their 
names, where they traveled, how they lived or what they worked at. In France 
they may have been of high rank or low. That the bulk of Huguenot refugees 
were commoners — tradesmen, farmers, artisans — is certain. Still, there were 
many of the haute bourgeoisie — the cultured class of France — who main- 
tained their faith and left ease and comfort for foreign lands. And. too, 
there were a few noblemen and a number of lesser peers, who chose exile in 
preference to bowing to the despotism of the Church and State. 

A sizable group of emigrant nobility and gentry came to England in the 
late 17th century. Many joined the French Church of the Savoy in London, 
one of the more important and surviving Huguenot churches in England. 
The Church membership roll includes Pierre DeLong, a squire (ecuyer: Sieur 
du Perdon) from Briste, diocese of Castres, in Languedoc. Thirty-eight-year- 
old Pierre was admitted on July 24, 1687.* The similarity in name, the con- 
formable date of birth (1649), and the analogous geographical roots lead one, 
at least, to consider the feasibility of Pierre DeLong as the father of Pieter. 

If Pieter DeLong was born in Europe, he experienced at an early age, the 
uprooting from country to country and town to town. Eventually, he appeared 
in America about 1722 and settled near Kingston, N.Y. Most likely, he migrat- 
ed with Germans and Dutch, many of whom had intermarried with home- 
less Huguenots. Records indicate he had a younger brother, Abraham, born 
between 1703 and 1706, in Germany. Abraham also lived near Kingston 
in Ulster County, but soon moved to Pennsylvania's Northampton County. 
Abraham's will, dated December 21. 1755, lists a wife, Catherine, and ten 
children — the progenitors of many descendants who would claim Pennsylva- 
nia DeLong roots. Still another line was established by Arie Fransen DeLong 
who also settled near Kingston about 1680. 

In the 1920s, family genealogist. Dr. Irwin Hoch DeLong (1873-1957) of 
Lancaster, Pa., wrote a book tracing Pieter's origins. He called it, The 
Lineage of Malcolm Metzger Parker from Johannes DeLang. In this treatment 
and other scholarly articles. Dr. DeLong firmly adhered to the belief that 
Pieter was of German stock, not a French Huguenot. A fervid Germanophile, 
he bases his thesis on the fact that DeLong was commonly spelled DeLangh 
or DeLange, and the written and spoken language of Pieter in the New World 

• Four months later, on November 10, Anne DeLong de Vassignac, a 32-year-old widow from 
Quercy, joined the Savoy congregation. "Conversions et Reconnoissances de L'Eglise de la Savoye. 
1684-1702," The Publications of The Huguenot Society of London. London, Spottiswoode & Co. 
Ltd., 1914, vol. XXII, p XV, xxi, 19. 



25 



was German. The name DeLong also appears in old documents as deLong, 
and over the years, a number of DeLongs have adopted (or reverted to) 
the "deLong" spelling. Hov\/ever, Dr. DeLong claims that the "de" is the 
definitive article of Low German dialects and has no connection at all with 
the French "de".^ Generally, he fails to include any.substantial evidence to 
disprove a French background and to establish an exclusively German origin 
for the DeLongs. 

The opposite side is taken by the late G. Elmore Reaman, an authority on 
Huguenot migration, who states that Pennsylvania is a state where it is 
difficult to isolate those settlers who have a Huguenot ancestry. "That's 
because many who fled from France before and after the Revocation 
went to Germany. There, they germanized their names and emigrated to 
Pennsylvania with Germans. They quickly lost their native tongue and cus- 
toms." Reaman includes DeLongs as among Huguenot families that inter- 
married with the Germans. and failed to preserve their French identity.^ 

DeLongs were among the founders of the Huguenot Society of Pennsyl- 
vania. The Stoudt family — Joseph Baer (1878-1944), his wife Elizabeth 
deLong (1878-1964), and son John Joseph (1911- ) — were prominent in 
the organization's early years. John Stoudt, a prolific scholar and historian, 
describes the problem of Lorraine Protestants as "acute." Some historians 
assert that to be Huguenot one must be descendant of someone who belong- 
ed to the Reformed Church of France, a tight little group socially and econ- 
omically. "These people," he writes, "had their own collegiate schools and 
their own social groups, and the Lutherans of Alsace and Lorraine were not a 
part of this. The DeLongs came to Holland for one or two generations before 
coming here." Dr. Stoudt notes that there are "deLongs who married into 
the Dutch royal family.. .one of them was forbear of William of Orange 
(William III of England)."" 

Another source, the ten-volume Colonial and Revolutionary Families of 
Pennsylvania, contains a brief biography, as well as the heraldic crest, of 
Pieter DeLong.* The text states that he was born in Languedoc in southern 
France and also acknowledges the periodic germanized spellings from basic- 
ally French names. 

The weight of family tradition and evidence, albeit secondary, favors a 
Huguenot background. As early as the mid-1 800s, the DeLongs acknowledged 
French origins, and practically every family history, except Irwin DeLong's, 
has subscribed to a Huguenot ancestry. After nearly 300 years, there is little 
chance of discovering old records or long-forgotten documents offering 

The DeLong coat-of-arms description reads: 'Qr, a crescent argent to the dexter a bird rising 
sable, to the sinister a tree on a mount vert; on a chief azure three stars of five points." J. Wilfred 
Jordan (ed.). Colonial and Revolutionary Families of Pennsylvania. New York, Lewis Publishing 
Co.. 1932, vol. IV, p. 800 The same description in French appears in J. B. Rietstap. Armorial 
General. New York, Barnes & Noble, 1965 (reproduced from the 2d Edition, 1887), vol. 11. p. 93. 



26 



new evidence. Is it any wonder that a number of years ago. a puzzled 
DeLong cousin wrote another and observed/It seems strange that these 
French ancestors were German or rather spoke it."* 

From early church and land records, we know by August, 1724. Pieter 
had married Eva Elizabeth Weber, 17-year-old daughter of Jacob and Anna 
Elizabeth Weber. Jacob Weber, age 29. husbandman and vine dresser; his 
wife, age 24; two young daughters. Anna Maria and Eva. and 51 other in- 
habitants of the Rhine Valley had left Europe about 1710 upon obtaining a 
letter of denization from Queen Anne of England. This rudimentary home- 
steading permit, dated June 28. 1708, gave these Palatines authority to es- 
tablish a German Lutheran colony on Quassick Creek in Dutchess County. 
N.Y. Its leader was the forceful and energetic Rev. Joshua Kocherthal. At 
Quassick. on the west side of the Hudson, the Webers held 200 acres of farm 
land. Jacob Weber, one of the trustees of the Lutheran congregation at New- 
burgh, settled in New Holland, Lancaster County, Pa., in 1736. 

In the 1730s Pieter DeLong, Eva and at least three children also journey- 
ed from the Hudson Valley to a new home in Pennsylvania. They moved to 
Berks County, an area predominantly settled by Palatines. Pieter soon was 
farming a 187-acre tract at Bowers, Pa. His land, fertile and level, included 
an ample supply of timber from a grove of stout oaks. The clear Saucon creek, 
rising in the hills to the south, flowed through the farm and linked up with 
the Schuylkill just above Reading. 

Respected members of the small community. Pieter and Eva prospered and 
increased their family by six more children. In 1759 they gave to the town's 
Reformed congregation, two acres on which to build a church — "for as long 
as the sun and moon shall shine in the heavens and the rivers run down 
to the sea."* Upon the building's completion about 1767, the congregation 
chose the name, DeLong's Reformed Church, to honor its benefactors. The edi- 
fice served Bowers until the consecration of a new building in 1808. This 
second structure lasted for 63 years and was replaced in 1871. Fire destroy- 
ed the third building in the summer of 1900. The current church, a large stone 
edifice, opened its doors a year later. In 1902, descendants of Pieter DeLong, 
from all parts of the country, contributed a stained glass church window in 
his memory. 

Nearly 150 years earlier, on December 1 , 1756. Pieter wrote: "... as it pleases 
God to lay me down in sickness, and not knowing how soon God shall call 
me out of this world, and am yet, God be thanked, in good understanding 
and memory, I hereby will thus order my goods and moveables...." 

Pieter devised his farm land to his three oldest sons; his home to the 
two youngest. "My wife, Eva Elizabita, shall, as Executrix," he added, 
"keep all in her hands, as there are yet four children ... in their minority. 
My son, Jacob, shall have before the appraisement, one cow, two swine, 



27 



two sheep, but after the death of my aforesaid wife, my four children, to wit, 
Michael, Barbara, Abraham and Frederich, each shall have four pounds of 
money beforehand, and the remainder shall be equally divided between all 
my children ...."'' 

Pieter died three-and-a-half years later, in May, 1760. Although his birth 
date is unknown, he probably was in his 60s. Pieter's wife outlived him, 
but her date of death is not known. Both lie buried near DeLong's Church. 

One of Pieter's descendants aptly describes this sturdy pioneer and family 
progenitor: "a religious refugee and a patron of liberty, of life and thought, 
who permanently planted his home in the wilds of Penn's forest, over which 
waved the glorious banner of religious tolerance."^ 

The children of Pieter and Eva Weber DeLong were:* 

1. Neeltje (Cornelia or Nelly). Born in the Hudson Valley, N.Y., March 
14,1725. 

2. Catherina. Born in the Hudson Valley, September 18,, 1727. 

3. Johannes. Born in Ulster County, Hudson Valley, April 14, 1730. 
Died at Bowers, Pa.. November 22, 1813 (DeLong's Church). Had five 
sons and four daughters. 

4. Henry.. Born November, 1732 or 1733. Died July 6, 1810. Married in 
1752 (1) Margaretha Susanna Margargle (1733-72) and (2) Catherine 
Had five sons and nine daughters. 

5. Jacob. Born about 1736. Married Anna Margaretha , who 

died at age 46 in 1791. They had at least one child. 

6. Michael. Born November 26, 1739. Died January 26, 1819. Married 
Maria Barbara Bollebach, born July 18, 1756 and died January 18. 1832. 
Had eight sons and six daughters. 

7. Abraham. Born November 15, 1747. Died November 26, 1778. Married 
Mary No Issue. 

8 Barbara. Of her. little is known. 

9. Fredrich. Born February 7, 1750. Died September 9. 1828. Lived in 
Northampton County (1800) where he farmed. Married Susanna Schmet- 
terin. They had two daughters and six sons. A number of descendants 
settled in Ohio. 

Joseph DeLong's grandfather. Johannes, was born in the Hudson Valley, 
April 14, 1730 and baptized at Quassick Creek on June 7.** On April 15, 1754, 
at the Mertz Church, Dryville, Pa., he married Maria Catharine Dussinger 

I am indebted to DeLong genealogist, John D Baldwin, who painstakingly searched census and 
church records for most of the dates included in the latter half of this chapter His work corrects 
a number of errors that have been passed along for many years. 

Other sources, including the DAR Patriot Index (Washington, D.C . 1966), give IVIarch 27, 1723. 
A 1723 birth would have Eva as young as 14. and Johannes, a relatively old 31 at his marriage. 
Also, we are left with a big blank between Catherine (b. 1727) and Henry (b. 1732/33) of more 
than five years in the early years of what was a rather fertile couple. 



28 



who was born in Nassau, Germany.'* On the flyleaf of the old German 
Bible used by DeLong's Reformed Church. Johannes' name is inscribed as 
the purchaser, in 1767, of the book. He also heads the church subscription 
list with five shillings. 

During the Revolution, Johannes took the Oath of Allegiance to the 
Continental government. '° He may have been a member of the Berks 
County militia, but no record of active service exists. Since Johannes was 
at least 45 years old in 1775, it is doubtful he participated on more than 
a token basis. He farmed at Bowers where his nine children were born. 
He died November 22. 1813 — less than a month after grandson Joseph's 
birth His wife Maria died many years earlier in 1783. The children of 
Johannes and Maria Dussinger DeLong were: 

1. Johannes. Jr. Born February 5 or 8, 1755. 

2. John Nicholas. Born July 19, 1756. 

3. Anna Marie. Born August 15, 1757. 

4. Anna Margretta. Born August or December 18, 1759. Married Felix Guth. 

5. Joseph. Born March 18, 1764. Married 1795 (1) Susanna Weber and 
in 1809 (2) Susanna Butz. 

6. Johann Peter. Born May 5 or 8, 1766. 

7. Moses. Born February 25, 1768. 

8. Eva Elizabeth. Born February 25 or 28. 1770. Married Neiss. 

9. Catherine. Born January 23, 1772. Married Leindeker. 

By the end of the 18th century, there were more than 150 DeLongs 
living in, or adjacent to, Bowers. They comprised one of the largest family 
groups in Maxatawny Township, and either by marriage or mutual relatives, 
were connected to nearly every other family in Berks County. 

Much of the original farm land of Pieter DeLong is still worked by his 
descendants. Raymond Peter DeLong, his son James, and grandson Daniel 
raise corn, wheat, cows and chickens on the fertile land. Raymond (1893- ) 
and wife Sallie (1896- ) live in the old stone house on the 250-year-old 
farm. The front section of the square, two-story home was built in 1811 
by Joseph and Susanna Butz DeLong. 

A grandson of Pieter and son of Johannes, this Joseph (1764 - 1847) 
was the family patriarch and a frequently chosen godfather. He brought 
up his children and wards strictly according to the faith and customs of 
the Reformed Church. It was a rule of his house that not only children, 
but also the hired help had to go to DeLong's parish on Sundays. He 
believed that whatever authority came to him as head of a household should 
be used by him to its fullest extent in the service of God. His son, Francis 
(1815 - 1880), who married Esther Schaeffer, carried on the work of the 



29 



farm and lived in the old homestead. The land passed to the present owner's 
father, James DeLong, and after his death in 1918, to Raymond and Sallie. 

Inside the old homestead at Bowers, a grandfather's clock stands in 
what once was the original dining room. For more than 150 years the 
eight-foot-high clock has stood in the same corner like a lone sentinel 
who keeps watch in the night that no harm may befall his charges. It 
has looked down on five generations of DeLongs and has seen them off 
to school and college, mustered into service, married, and buried. For 
many years, it was a rule in the family that in return for this heirloom, 
the purchaser of the house must contribute one dollar to the DeLong estate 
to make ownership binding.'' 

Raymond DeLong believes his great-grandfather Joseph acquired the 
clock about 1800. "It bears the date 1797 directly beneath the face." Raymond 
points out. "The clock originally had a solid wooden door that covered all of 
the interior works. Years ago. my father, James DeLong, decided that a glass 
panel would not only improve the appearance of the timepiece, but also permit 
him to see the pendulum swing. He changed the panel himself." 

About 70 years ago James also enlarged the dwelling by adding a large 
brick wing to make a T-shaped house. But the grandfather's clock remained 
where it always had. Today, the one-time dining room is a library and den, and 
the old clock ticks on and on, well into its second hundred years. 

The farm with its large stone barn, dating from the 1 850s, is both a local and 
a family landmark. Its occupants have welcomed scores of tourists as well as 
descendants of Pieter DeLong — especially those who gathered at nearby 
Kutztown for annual reunions of the DeLong family. From the turn of the cen- 
tury to World War I, these social klatches — formalized by a dinner, speeches 
and music — brought together kin from near and far who valued family tradi- 
tions and solidarity. The success of such reunions later led to the celebrated 
Kutztown Pennsylvania Dutch Folk Festival, an annual fair and exhibition of 
early crafts, farm products, homemade food, and local culture. 

"People today work so hard at having fun." That's what Joseph DeLong 
probably would say if he were witness to the planning and labor expended to 
portray long-ago Berks County and the determined pleasure-seeking crowds 
surging into Kutztown for a week every summer. "The Folk Festival's re- 
creation of Pennsylvania life is too bucolic and idealistic," he'd exclaim. "But 
who would really want to recapture the hard work I knew in my boyhood?" 



30 



IV 
BOWERS TO BROOKLYN 



Like most Pennsylvania Dutch farming communities of the early 1800s, 
Bowers tolerated no loafers or idlers* There was work for everybody and 
everybody worked, from the boy who drove the cattle to pasture, to the grand- 
father who could only sit in the house and twist tow yarn into rope. 

Clothes were homemade. Farmers raised flax to spin into thread and never 
wasted a bit from sowing the seed to cutting the cloth. 

In summer people ate fresh vegetables, but in winter, preserves of pork and 
sauerkraut supplied the mam dish almost daily. Most families served mush 
and milk the year round, and now and then, buckwheat cakes. Housewives 
made bread from rye meal, as most of the wheat crop was sold at harvest. "We 
ate white bread at christenings and funerals." Joseph DeLong recalled. "And 
It was a rare treat." 

People consumed fresh meat only two or three times a year. At slaughter 
time, most of it was salted or smoked to last for months. A lamb or young calf 
might go to the block during haying or harvesting. This strenuous work 
called for extra energy that only a fresh chop or steak could supply. "Some- 
times a chicken or two went from coop to kettle," Joseph pointed out, "but that 
was a luxury not indulged in too often. Chickens laid eggs, and eggs always 
could be traded at the local store for such things as people had to buy." 

Moses, the fifth and youngest son of Johannes and Maria DeLong, and born 
February 25, 1 768, chose to work not as a farmer or a herder, but as a trades- 
man. The community needed a shoemaker so he opened a small shop where he 
made both shoes and barrels. About 1 795 he married Elizabeth Werli. who was 
born July 31, 1775 and died in her 80th year on June 22. 1855 (Jordan Re- 
formed Church, Guthsville. Pa.). 

Elizabeth and Moses lived on that part of the old homestead known as the 
Grim farm, and by the time Joseph arrived in 1813, there already were six 
children. Moses worked hard to provide for his growing family, which soon 
numbered four girls and six boys. They were:** 

1. Catherine. Born January 4, 1798. Died January 10, 1878. She lived in 
New York and Brooklyn from 1825 until the death of her sister 
Margaret, in 1848. Unmarried, she moved to Allentown, Pa., to raise 
Margaret's nine children. 

2. Joseph. Born November 10, 1799, he died on his fourth birthday. 

* Named for James Bowers in 1828, the village originally was called Sommerville. and Berks 

County was Philadelphia County. 
■* Names in Italics appear in this and subsequent chapters as the DeLongs of New York and 

Brooklyn. 



31 



3. Lydla. Born June 24, 1803. Died March 10, 1900. 

4. Abraham. Born October 7, 1805. Died August 29, 1893. 

5. Jonathan. Born May 19. 1807. Died February 28, 1848. 

6. Judith. Born February 26, 1808, Died October 19. 1864. Married — 
Geiser and lived in Hollidaysville, Pa. 

7. Margaret (Rebecca). Born April 10. 1810. Died March 18, 1848. Married 
Reuben Smith, October 2. 1830. He died July 14. 1888. 

8. Joseph. Born October 28, 1813. Died May 11. 1915. 

9. Nathan. Born March 9. 1817. Died September 23, 1883. A teamster, he 
lived in Pottsville, Pa. Married Catherine Ann Hupner, Born July 8, 
1820. 

10. Levi. Born March 13, 1819. Died January 27, 1866. 

11. George. Born January 15, 1822. Died May 14, 1900. Married Hettie 
(Esther) Buchman, born November 22, 1818 and died July 16, 1890. 
George was a millwright for flour and saw mills in Lehigh County and 
lived his later years in Mountainville (now South Allentown, Pa.). 

Moses was anxious for his children to learn English. He and some neighbors 
cleared a tract of land and built a log schoolhouse. Then they hired an 
English teacher. Because the people of Bowers knew only German, pupils 
came for miles to learn English, a language that they had heard spoken by 
occasional strangers in the village. For many years the school was the only one 
that taught English in that part of Berks County and the public school 
district is still known as DeLong's district.^ 

Joseph learned English spelling and reading. As the schoolmaster was the 
only English-speaking adult in Bowers, the children had few opportunities 
to speak the language away from the classroom. Hence, Joseph read books in 
English, but could say little more than "yes" and "no" when he left 
school at 13. 

With his days as a scholar over. Joseph, like his young friends, faced a 
lifetime of hard work. Moses urged his son to become a shoemaker or cooper. 
But Joseph had seen enough of that tedious, confining labor. Instead, he 
proposed that he learn bricklaying as an apprentice to a local mason. So, 
for nearly three years, Joseph mixed mortar and laid bricks. 

Still, all was not work in Bowers. Fun and relaxation entered into the 
villagers' lives, and both young and old celebrated. The Pennsylvania Dutch 
began each New Year by firing guns at midnight and expressing wishes that 
the dawning year might be a happy one. On Shrove Tuesday, to mark the 
beginning of Lent, doughnuts were baked for children. Many young pupils 
arrived at school with their pockets stuffed and hands covered with white 
flour. In the spring, eggcracking at Easter caused families to stow away 
bushels of eggs weeks before, while, at Christmas, cracked nuts and apples 
were a special treat. 



32 



In a letter to several hundred DeLongs gathered for an August, 1903. re- 
union in Kutztown. Joseph described another long-ago festive holiday: 

The 1820s were recent enough to the War of 1812 with England 
to keep every man of suitable age and condition enrolled in the 
militia. They had several company drills durmg the course of the 
year, and one spring, a whole battalion was brought together in 
a field near Kutztown. That was a gala day. Everyone who could 
went to see them. You might ask how could we spare the time 
with so much work to do. especially at that season when we ought 
to be driving the plow. Still the day and its doings served a very 
practical purpose. Playing fifes, beating drums, firing guns, plus 
the preseiice of wives, daughters and sweethearts, inspired pa- 
triotism and taught men courage and confidence in case the "red- 
coats" had any stomach for another brush. After the drill, the bat- 
talion marched into town and was dismissed. The young people 
then adjourned to a tavern where the bar room was cleared and 
the floor sanded. Some wood-sawer with a fiddle was enthroned 
on a chair on the top of a table. Dancing began with a straight- 
four, followed by reels, strathspeys, jigs and hornpipes — all re- 
quiringnerveandenergy tokeepfeetintimewith the lively music. 

The future prospects for a dancing bricklayer were not promising. Far too 
few stone and brick houses were replacing the old log dwellings of Bowers. 

In 1829 Joseph DeLong, age 1572 years, left Berks County by stagecoach 
for New Jersey. He planned to join his older brother, Abraham, also a brick- 
layer, in Elizabeth. "Another brother and a sister had gone to New York, and 
I thought it was time I should be starting out for myself. There was no chance 
for me in Pennsylvania." 

Joseph was hired to a farmer, but when he got there, the work proved too 
much for a young lad. He soon found a job in a bakery at two and a half dol- 
ars a month, including board and washing. He lasted out the year on $30 and 
stayed on a second, having not the least inclination to go back to farming. At 
the end of two years, the baker offered $2.50 a week, "which was no mean 
wage for a boy 17 years old. "2 But Joseph found baking on a par with farming 

and resolved to leave it. 

Joseph then bound himself to a hatmaker for three years at $30 a year plus 
board ... and to be taken care of in case of sickness. In the shop, once the ap- 
prentices learned how to make a hat, the boss would give them so many units 
a week to complete at a certain wage and whatever hats they could make 
above that number they were paid at the higher journeyman's rate. "In this 
way," Joseph explained, "I managed before the three years were up to have a 



33 



brass watch and occasionally take out a girl." At the end of his contract, busi- 
ness had slacked off and jobs were scarce. A cholera plague hit the area at the 
same time. "People died at the rate of 200 a day in New York," Joseph re- 
called. "We had two or three deaths a day in Elizabeth which had only 3,000 
people. Although constantly exposed to the disease, I was never sick."^ 

In 1834 Joseph visited Bowers. It was his first trip home in over five years 
but he had no desire to stay. He returned to New Jersey and soon decided to 
move to Norwalk, Conn., a growing center for the manufacture of men's hats. 
For more than two years, Joseph worked in that New England city, where jobs 
were more plentiful and wages higher. 

Two major events of Joseph DeLong's life took place in 1838: a position 
with an important shipping firm and his marriage. He left Norwalk for New 
York City where he obtained a position with the big shipping firm of Grinnell, 
Minturn & Co. Founded in 1832 by Henry (1799-1874) and Moses Grinnell 
(1807-1877) and their brother-in-law, Robert Bowne Minturn (1805-1866), 
the company established the first regular sailing schedule between New York 
and Liverpool and London. For nearly 40 years Grinnell, Minturn conducted a 
fast, reliable and steady sailing packet service across the Atlantic. The firm, 
with headquarters at 78 South Street, also maintained a flourishing Far East 
trade, and owned, wholly or in part, nearly 100 clipper ships, including the 
famous Flying Cloud. Joseph probably lived with his brother Jonathan and his 
family at 414 Greenwich Street, or perhaps he shared quarters with his young- 
er brother, Levi, who recently had arrived in New York from Bowers. But be- 
fore the end of 1838 Joseph would have his own home. 

We probably will never know how Joseph met Mary Sophia Lopes. Yet, 
living in the same area, they were close neighbors and perhaps attended the 
same church. On September 19, 1838 — less than a year after Joseph had ar- 
rived in New York — the Rev. Raphael Gilbert of 159 Eighth Street married 
the 25-year-old groom to the 19-year-old Mary Lopes. 

Marriage brings responsibilities, but what of it, Joseph thought. No one 
should be afraid of life Maybe I can't afford to marry. All the capital I have is 
health and a willingness to work. 

Mary Lopes had more advantages than her country-reared husband. Born in 
New York, October 21, 1819, she grew up in an old Dutch-style dwelling in 
the Bowery, and played with neighboring children in the yards of old Man- 
hattan townhouses. The lower East Side of Manhattan during her childhood 
remained dotted with country-like homes and an occasional open field. 
Farther north, around Union and Madison Squares, lay working farms. Yet 
the expanding city had surpassed Philadelphia and Boston as the manufac- 
turing and mercantile capital of the nation. 

The eldest of seven children of David and Frances Slocum Lopes, Mary took 
on many of the responsibilities of raising four sisters and two brothers. Even 
as adults, they periodically visited or lived near their sister. 

34 



Unfortunately, existing references to the Lopeses are meager. In an effort 
to keep ages a secret. Lopes Bible records are believed to have been de- 
stroyed by Mary's flibbertigibbety sisters. Luckily, Government records, let- 
ters, and newspapers tell more of the Lopeses than they themselves reveal. 
The family name originally was Lopez, a Spanish or Portuguese surname. 
There were Lopezes in New York by 1700, and in all probability, the Lopeses 
were descendants of these early European settlers. 

Mary's grandfather, Isaac Lopez, was born in 1753 in New York or New 
Jersey. In 1777, at age 24, and living in Sussex County, N.J.. he enlisted as 
a private in the Continental Army. Isaac served in the 5th Regiment, New 
Jersey line, commanded by Col. Oliver Spencer, and in a company led by Capt. 
James Broderick. On September 11, 1777, Private Lopes fought in his first 
skirmish at Brandywine Creek, Pa. 

A month earlier in August, 1777, the British under General William Howe, 
had sailed from New York. The Redcoats moved up the Chesapeake, dis- 
embarked about 50 miles south of Philadelphia, and marched overland to 
capture the city. The Continental troops, led by General Washington, were 
camped at sparsely-settled Chadds Ford, about midway between the Chesa- 
peake and Philadelphia. As the British moved north, the Continentals 
rallied for battle. 

Washington believed Howe would try to cross the Brandywine near the 
wooded Pennsylvania village and directly in front of the American stronghold. 
But at Chadds Ford the British, while engaging in fire to distract the Amer- 
icans, crossed upstream and outflanked Washington's men. Howe's troops 
caught the Yankees by surprise and attacked. Washington fought a desperate 
delaying action, but, bombarded from the rear, his soldiers soon were 
crushed. 

During the bloody Brandywine encounter, 20-year-old Lafayette received his 
baptism of fire. Washington had ordered Lafayette to stem the battlefield 
confusion and rally the troops into combat formation. The young Frenchman 
no sooner reached the front lines when a British shot hit his leg. Wounded, 
he fell near a large sycamore tree. As he struggled to his feet, he real- 
ized the Continentals had failed to stave off the British attack. When the 
battle ended, a thousand Americans lay dead and General Howe, with a loss 
of 90 men, had control of Philadelphia.'* 

The Marquis de Lafayette and Private Lopes, although separated by rank 
and station, struck up a friendship while serving under Washington. 
Nearly a half-century later, Lafayette and Isaac Lopes renewed this wartime 
acquaintance. On August 16, 1824, the Marquis, last surviving major general 
of the Revolution, returned to America for a year's visit. 

On the day of his arrival in New York, Lopes met the Frenchman on 
the street and the two old comrades shook hands and chatted. Perhaps 



35 



Lafayette later visited the Lopes' home. One legend persists that he paid a 
call. Isaac's son, David, did serve on the Reception Committee to greet the 
Marquis, and the official badge he wore survives.* 

Isaac's Revolutionary service did not end at Brandywine. Less than a month 
later, on October 4, 1777, Washington's army attacked British forces at 
Germantown, Pa. The assault failed and the Continentals again pulled back. 
Washington retreated to nearby Valley Forge for the winter of 1777-78 and 
American hopes for independence fell to a low ebb. 

Private Lopes also fought in the battle of Springfield, N.J., before his 
enlistment ran out. Wounded or taken sick in late 1780, he transferred to an 
invalid's regiment in Pennsylvania to recuperate. 

When Congress passed the Revolutionary Pension bill in 1818, Isaac 
applied for the annual stipend of $96. The ex-private had difficulty proving 
his military service because he lacked discharge papers. He spent the last 
year or so of the war in a recovery unit in Pennsylvania — "for which 
reason I did not get my regular discharge." It required sworn affidavits from 
several fellow militiamen to convince the Government of his legitimate claim 
to an allowance. 

Isaac settled in New York City in the 1780s, not long after the Revolution 
ended. The 1800 directory lists himasacartman, living in the Bowery. By 1812 
he was working as a locksmith at 62 First Street. He also lived at 84 
Hester (1817); 46, 87 and 75 Chrystie (1819-23), and 128 Forsyth (1828). 
In his pension petition of June 19, 1820, he includes a wife, age 52, and 
a daughter, Mary, age 12. Isaac was collecting his veteran's stipend when he 
died in New York on November 7, 1829 at age 76. 

His son, David Lopes, also served in the Militia when the country fought 
a second round with the British. His life stretched across the first nine 
decades of the new republic. Born in New York, November 25, 1788 — six 
months before Washington took the oath as President at Federal Hall — he 
lived well into the Civil War Reconstruction period. He spent all of his 91 
years in New York and Brooklyn, where he died at 131 Eighth Street on 
April 17, 1880. 

During the War of 1812, David enlisted as a private in the New York 
Militia and served in Captain Zebedee Ring's Company, Major Stevens' 
Battalion. When his unit went on active duty, Artilleryman Lopes manned 
the newly-constructed city fortresses at Harlem Heights. For three months, 
beginning December 15, 1814, he helped defend New York from impending 
British attack which, however, failed to materialize.^ 

In September, 1811, David married Frances Slocum. They lived at 107 

* The silk insignia badge was presented by Howard M. Hanf to the Museum of the Sons of the 
Revolution, New York, following a dinner for Lopes descendants given by the author at Fraunces 
Tavern, December, 1965. "Sons of the Revolution in New York," Heritage Trustees, vol. 2, no. 1 
(October. 1966). p. 37. 



36 



I 



Bowery near Broome Street where David worked as a brushmaker During the 
next 30 years, they resided in the lower East Side at a half-dozen loca- 
tions including 354 Monroe (1831); 50 Chrystie (1833); Stuyvesant and 
Second Avenue (1837); and 252 Rivington (1844). By 1850 the Lopeses had 
settled in the Morrisania section of Westchester (in 1874 it broke away to 
join The Bronx). 

About 1833 David turned to carting. Later he operated a fruit and soda 
water business in the Washington Market at Vesey and Greenwich Streets. 
He also joined the city fire watch patrol. 

When David's son and grandsons went off in the 1860s to defend the Union, 
he followed their movements and kept his customers and fellow merchants 
informed of the boys' adventures. People soon called him "Old Vet" and 
rightly so. As a member of the Veteran Corps of Artillery, he participated in 
many city parades and ceremonies, including the review by Lafayette in 1824 
and the funeral obsequies for Andrew Jackson in 1845. The annual 4th of 
July dinners of these Revolutionary and War of 1812 veterans were major 
occasions. The program included a banquet liberally sprinkled with toasts 
and speeches. Later, the men and their lady guests, adjourned to a re- 
ception room for dancing. An illustration in Harpers Weekly of July 26, 
1879, shows 90-year-old David — the oldest surviving 1812 veteran in New 
York — and his octogenarian comrades dancing a spritely quadrille at the 
Sturtevant House.* 

Little is known of David Lopes' wife, Frances Slocum. Both her birthplace 
and birth date lack verification. A descendant of the prolific Slocums who 
settled Rhode Island, she was born either at Newport or northwest, in 
Slocum, Washington County.** Undoubtedly, she came to New York as a 
child; a number of Slocums lived in Manhattan by the late 18th century. Most 
of them resided on the lower East Side and near the Lopeses. 

Before Frances died on December 27, 1879, at Joseph DeLong's house in 
Brooklyn, she subtracted seven years off her age. Hence, it is believed that 
she arrived on November 30, 1790, not 1797, and in 1811, wed at age 21, 
not 14. 

In family letters, she is described as exasperating ("Grandfather was 
over today and Grandmother has been teasing him as usual....") and head- 
strong ("Grandmother is on one of her tantrums and I have not seen her 
for some days...."). 

Frances Lopes and her "girls" — Eliza, Ellen and Ann — and son William 
were frequent visitors to Mary DeLong's household in Brooklyn. "Aunts 
Ellen & Ann are here," wrote William DeLong in 1867, "and last evening all 

* The N.Y. World of July 5. 1879 gives a full account of how the V C A. and New York celebrated 

the country's 103rd birthday. 
*• Fires in 1870 and 1920 destroyed many No Kingstown Township records Ltr . Clerk of Vital 
statistics to TAD. Nov. 16, 1970. 



37 



the girls with their mother (who is just 77 years and has but recently found 
out the startling fact that she has a heart) took tea with us, and the way 
they talked about their ages, looks ... it was awful. "^ 

Eliza C. Lopes was born in New York, September 8, 1835.* About 1850 she 
married Samuel Lewry. They were members of the South Third Street Presby- 
terian Church, and in 1852 moved from Brooklyn to Goshen, N.Y. By the turn 
of the century. Eliza was a widow and back in Brooklyn at 527 Pacific 
Street. She married (2) James Jenkinson on September 1 7, 1 901 at the parson- 
age of the Rev. John Wells. The witnesses were Joseph DeLong and his 
daughter, Mary Philson. Jenkinson, age 70, had been born in England and 
lived at 1096 Hancock Street. Eliza survived James by a number of years, 
and into her 90s, shewas as vain and flighty as ever. 

Ellen Lopes married Thomas West and lived in Englishtown, N.J. West, 

a farmer, was born in 1834 and died November 16, 1912. Ellen died at 
age 91 in Englishtown, November 26, 1914 (Old Tennent Cem., Tennent. 
N.J.). 

Ann Maria Lopes was born in New York, June 16, 1823. She married 
Julius Lassen about 1840. He was born in Copenhagen, Denmark, June 27. 
1812, and came to the States in his teens. The Lassens lived most of their 
married life in New York and Norwalk, Conn., where Julius worked as a 
cabinetmaker. He died at Hayesville, Conn., February 12, 1893. Ann was des- 
cribed by Joseph DeLong in 1908 as "up in her Norwalk house alone with 
rheumatism and looking very bad. She has not been able to let the house for 
a long time."^ She died there, age 86, on March 29, 1910 (Riverside, 
Norwalk). 

Julius and Ann had four or five children. Son Francis J. Lassen was the 
Norwalk harbor lights keeper (1910). Another was Joseph DeLong Lassen, 
named for his uncle, Joseph DeLong, who later named his fourth son, 
Julius Lassen DeLong. Joseph was born in 1846 in Morrisania, Westchester. 
By 1892 he was living at Belden Hill. Wilton, Conn., with a wife, Harriet 
Amelia Allen (born 1857 at Fairfield) and 11 children. The winter of '92 
brought an outbreak of scarlet fever. Half of Joseph's offspring contracted the 
disease. Within 15 days, four of them died. The youngest, Ethel, was a year 
old; the oldest, Percy, only seven. » Before the end of 1897, the Lassens lost 
three more children — Lewis, Allen and Ida — all less than two years old. 

After Harriet Lassen died in Stamford in 1910, Joseph married (2) 
Emaline Armstrong. Employed by the Norwalk Mills Co. and later as a land- 
scape gardener, he died in Wilton at age 87 on June 8, 1933 (Riverside, 
Norwalk). 

• Eliza was baptizea at St. Marks n the Bowery on April 15, 1838 with her brother William. 
A younger sister, Emily, born June 28, 1337, and another brother. David, Jr., born March 28, 1833, 
also were baptized that day, but do not appear in later records Records of St Mark's in the 
Bowery," The Record, N.Y Genealogical and Biographical Society, vol. LXXV, no. 2 (Apr., 1944). 
p. 62. 



38 



William Henry Lopes (Lopez) was born in New York, March 28, 1829. He 

married (1) Mary Elizabeth about 1850. She died in October, 1860. 

William worked as a pianomaker at 91 Columbia Street (1851 ) and later as a 
furniture varnisher and upholsterer at 372 Second Avenue, Fourteen months 
after his wife died, he enlisted on January 3. 1862 in Co. B of the 12th N.Y.S. 
Volunteer Regiment for three years. In the summer of '62 he was wounded at 
Bull Run. Va , and went to a convalescent camp. Six months later on Feb- 
ruary 11. 1863. Private Lopes was discharged because of disability and as- 
signed to the 5th NY Veteran Infantry Regiment at Hart Island for the dura- 
tion of the War Lopes never fully recovered from his battle wounds and eked 
out a living as an oysterman. On March 18. 1870 at St. Mark's Rectory. 
Brooklyn, he married (2) Anna McKarin They lived at 523 East 15th Street. 
New York, where he died April 13, 1891. Anna died August. 1901 at age 
70 (CH). 

The Lopes sons and daughters had large families. When David and Frances 
Lopes died in 1879/80. they left 79 grandchildren and great-grandchildren, 
many of whom lived in New Jersey and Connecticut, as well as Brooklyn. 

But. in 1838, when Joseph and Mary DeLong were married, practically all 
the Lopeses and Slocums lived in lower Manhattan, and that's where the 
young couple chose to live. Their first home was 137 Eldridge Street. 

In 1840, a DeLong son was born and named William Augustus. Another son. 
Joseph, Jr., arrived three years later. By 1853 two more boys, John and 
Julius, and two girls, Mary and Kate, were added to the DeLong home. All six 
children survived infancy, but tragedy struck in 1853. Three-and-a-half-year- 
old Julius Lassen, fatally injured in a fall, died that October. The grief-ladened 
household recovered slowly; only the birth of another son two years later 
brought joy to the DeLongs for they had a "new" Julius to replace the lost son 
and brother. 

At work. Joseph often looked from the docks of South Street across the 
East River to a small village just north of the Brooklyn Navy Yard. From time 
to time he caught an eastbound ferryboat from Peck's Slip to the foot of South 
Seventh Street. Frequently, he walked the cobblestone streets of the village 
and gazed at its churches, homes and lyceum. Then, one day in 1845, he made 
amomentousdecision — one that would shape his life and the lives of his child- 
ren for years to come. 



39 



V 

MECHANIC TO MERCHANT 



For several years Joseph had thought about moving to Williamsburgh. His 
sister, Lydia, lived there, and a number of his New York neighbors had settled 
in Brooklyn. Before long, he found a house on South Second Street, not far 
from the East River. With the boys growing up, he probably thought that the 
family needed more room and their own backyard. 

"It's only a 20-minute ferry ride to Manhattan," he told his wife. "One of 
these days there'll be a bridge and you'll be able to walk back and forth." 

After nearly seven years of marriage, Mary admitted that it was time they 
had a place of their own. Afamily of four, soon to be five, required more space. 
Williamsburgh did offer the advantages of country living, yet one could see 
the skyline of lower New York. 

Joseph described Williamsburgh to his friends. He spoke of its attractive 
frame houses and gardens and its tree-shaded, cobblestone streets lighted by 
whale oil lamps on wooden posts. Soon Joseph and Mary left Manhattan for 
a new home at 160 South Second between Roebling and Havemeyer Streets. 

A thriving settlement of 11,000 people, Williamsburgh was rapidly recover- 
ing from a seven-year economic slump that brought the collapse of a real estate 
boom and the failure of many businesses. By 1845, public confidence had been 
restored and companies that weathered the storm again were making money. 
Several ferry lines now ran between New York and the village. Large, paddle- 
wheel boats plied back and forth across the East River, occasionally encount- 
ering strong tides, and in winter, ice that caused early morning commuter 
delays on the four-cent ride. 

Just north of the ferry slip, the shore line of Williamsburgh rose from a sandy 
bathing beach to a 30-to-40-foot bluff. From Bedford Avenue to the road at the 
nver's edge, cottages, amid green turf and trees, belied the town's interior 
expansion. 

In 1638 — more than 200 years before the DeLongs moved to the village — 
Williamsburgh passed from its Indian proprietors to the Dutch West India 
Company. The purchased land extended along the East River from Wallabout 
Creek north to Newtown Creek. The early colonists built a stockade and 
houses in a settlement they called Boswicjk, or Bushwick, one of the Five 
Dutch Towns of western Long Island. During the 17th and 18th century, 
townspeople raised grain and vegetables for the New York market. Farmers 
loaded skiffs and rowed across the river to sell their produce. 

About 1800 Richard Woodhull, a New York merchant, conceived the idea of 
developing 1 5 acres near North Second Street. He purchased the land and had 



41 



it surveyed into lots by Col. Jonathan Williams. To compliment this U.S. Army 
engineer on a job well done, Woodhull named the area Williamsburgh.* To 
attract settlers, he also started a ferry from Manhattan's Grand Street, built 
a hay press, and opened a tavern. The project, however, failed, and for the next 
dozen years, other promoters met similar fates. In spite of setbacks, Williams- 
burgh's growth was steady and sure. Ideally located as a place to live, 
it possessed many natural advantages for commerce and trade. In 1827 the 
village was incorporated and eight years later its first newspaper appeared. 

By the 1 840s the town included two shipyards, a glue factory, several distil- 
leries, a carpet mill, two tanneries, a fire insurance company and five hat 
factories. The community also contained fashionable resort hotels catering to 
such sportsmen of the post-Civil War years as Commodore Vanderbilt, Jim 
Fisk, and William C. Whitney. 

One of the best known local products was "Pure Orange County Milk." the 
work of several hundred cows grazing near Grand Street. Fed on discarded dis- 
tillery malt, the cows digested this spirited grain with no apparent ill effects 
and their milk competed with stronger brews in Williamsburgh taverns, res- 
taurants, and even grocery stores. Groceries in the area often had a side en- 
trance that led to a bar hidden behind soap boxes, where clerks quietly dis- 
pensed beer, bourbon, whiskey, and other spirits. The sale of alcohol, ap- 
parently more unethical than illegal, entered the store books as a purchase of 
grain or potatoes. The practice was shortlived; before long, a combination of 
saloon keepers and temperance groups stamped out this sub rosa imbibing.^ 

Whether through milk or malt, Williamsburgh grew rapidly. In 1851, with a 
population of 40,000, it obtained a city charter. Three years later, with Bush- 
wick, it became the Eastern District of Brooklyn. Before the end of the 19th 
century, Brooklyn — originally the downtown section of the borough — an- 
nexed other villages, such as New Lots, Flatbush, Gravesend and Flatlands. 
By 1896 Brooklyn encompassed its present area, and two years later, be- 
came a borough of New York City. 

Known as the City of Churches, Brooklyn had more than 150 houses of 
worship by 1860. Social as well as religious life in its communities centered 
about the church. 

From Williamburgh's South Second Street, the DeLongs could see the 
steeple of the neighborhood Presbyterian Church. Joseph first attended serv- 
ices there in 1847, three years after it opened its doors. He rarely missed a Sun- 
day or a mid-week prayer meeting. Devoted to the Church and its tenets, he 
nevertheless made up his mind with regard to religious matters slowly and 
arrived at definite conclusions at a mature age. In fact, not until March 17, 
1867, did he formally join the South Third Street parish. "He tested the truth 
of the Bible as it applied to his own life and found it true," the Church 

* The "h" fell when it joined the city of Brooklyn in 1854. 



42 



pastor declared, "and few people were better versed in the Scriptures." 
Humble and pious, Joseph always reminded his family of the power of 
prayer in every endeavor. 

"It is gratifying to know that you are aware of the temptations that lie 
around you, " he wrote 18-year-old Joseph. Jr. "Knowing them to be rocks and 
pitfalls, you can turn your back on them and God will surely give you strength 
to resist if you ask it of Him. No prayers are so efficacious as your own. to- 
gether with good resolutions to do right. "^ 

On both religious and moral grounds, Joseph believed that no form of bond- 
age, indenture or slavery should exist. He sympathized with the Williams- 
burghers who set up the local underground railway to help free Southern 
Negroes. When anti-slavery agitation culminated in the capture and execution 
of John Brown at Harpers Ferry, Va.. in December, 1859, several acquaint- 
ances of Josepn from the Eastern District were killed. Later that month, their 
bodies and the body of John Brown lay in state at the home of John Milton 
Stearns, on Bedford Avenue. 

War clouds were gathering. Sixteen months later, a tragic civil conflict 
would call Joseph's two oldest sons to military duty. 

But war or peace, with a family of six growing children, a household of the 
1850s and '60s never lacked activity. Christmas dinners, riverboat excursions, 
picnics, and parades gathered together a dozen or more relatives ranging from 
Grandfather Lopes to young Joe DeLong, son of Dr. Will and Father's first 
grandchild. 

Fourth of July brought fishing and fireworks. "We had a beautiful day for 
the Fourth. No accidents to any of our friends that we heard of. All the family 
except John went to see the fireworks at Graham and Devoe. John went crat> 
bing, and having been exposed all day to the sun from a boat, is sick."' 

At Christmas: 

"The folks are preparing for Santa Claus, who is bound to be around. Janet. 
Annie & Kate are each going to have a skirt or petticoat. Julius wants a 
ticket for the Union Pond. Santa Claus is going to bring Father a woolen 
shirt, two pairs of socks, a blacking brush, a stem for my pipe and a neck- 
tie ... Winter has set in. A week ago we had a heavy fall of snow and it has 
been very cold. My chilblains are out in as full bloom as the flowers you 
mention are with you in California."'' 

Other domestic milestones of the 1860s bear mention. 

In 1 867 Joseph bought the lot at the back of his yard and extended his prop- 
erty to South First Street. "Hereafter we shall have plenty of yard room, and if 
the sun will only shine on wash days, we shall be able to get our clothes 
dry in one day."^ Young John DeLong viewed the expansion in a differ- 
ent light when he said, "We got a big yard now and are going to keep chickens 
& pigs & cows."^ 



43 



John also noted that the house had undergone several alterations. "We have 
a new Water Closet ~ a new seat, hole and bench to put your feet on. Don't 
you wish you were here to try it?"^ 

Of this exhaustive household chronicler, Father said: "John was elected a 
member of Crusaders Lodge the other night and is to be initiated soon into the 
mysteries and miseries of Odd Fellowship."^ 

In the fall of 1867, William began making a 60 ft. by 20 ft. skating pond in 
Father's yard. By December, the earth had been broken and leveled and was 
ready for water. John gave a hand with the water hose, and the two came close 
to flooding the neighbors' cellars and half the city. "That skating pond of 
ours," Joseph concluded, "is a dead failure for the water ran out as fast as 
they let it in and now it is full of snow."^ 

Did Joseph ever consider leaving Brooklyn to go West? His brother, 
Abraham, now settled in Illinois, wrote of fertile cornfields and rich pasture 
land. Forty-year-old Joseph talked about becoming a farmer. His father-in- 
law had received a land bounty from his War of 1812 service, and Joseph 
thought of buying this Government grant from him. He first decided to take a 
look. In 1853 he journeyed to Illinois and Iowa, which had entered the Union 
only a few years earlier. But the sparsely-settled prairie and the primitive 
conditions reminded Joseph of his youth. He wanted no part of it. He re- 
turned to New York, well satisfied to remain on South Street. The 17-day 
trip consumed his entire vacation, but he had an opportunity to see 
Abraham and his children. 

Advancing from clerk to storekeeper to manager, Joseph by 1870 had 
worked for Grinnell, Minturn for 32 years. But the sailing ship was doomed. 
The Civil War had accelerated the transition from sail to steam. The change, 
too, from wood to iron and later to steel, sounded the deathknell for sailing 
ship traffic between Europe and America. By the mid-1 860s the decline 
reached the point where U.S. vessels carried less than 50 per cent of the 
nation's commerce. Britain, free of civil conflict, soon took the leadership in 
seagoing transportation. 

As Grinnell's shipping interests declined, its manager, Joseph DeLong, 
leased much of the storage area to other firms. Then, in 1860 Henry Grinnell 
retired, and six years later, Minturn died. About 1872 the remaining partners, 
which included Mrs. Minturn, dissolved the company." 

Joseph, at an age when most men are planning retirement, purchased most 
of Grinnell's large brick warehouses on South and Fletcher Streets and es- 
tablished his own firm — Jos. DeLong & Son, Inc. Joseph was proud of his 
accomplishment. In little more than 30 years he had risen from a poor, 
German-speaking laborer toa well-to-do New York merchant. 

The DeLongs now lived at 84 Marcy Avenue, then called 131 Eighth Street 

• The former Anna Mary Wendell (1809-1886), who has been credited with the idea of establishing 
Central Park. Richard C. McKay, South Street, G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1934, p. 240. 



44 



and their home from 1867 to 1905 By 1872 all their children save Julius 
had married Five years later, he too chose a bride and scarcely a year 
passed when there wasn't born at least one grandchild They numbered 27 
by 1894 But the family had its share of sadness too A half-dozen DeLongs 
died in infancy Another tragedy was the accidental death of daughter 
Mary's husband m 1876 

The naval career of nephew George Washington DeLong was a source of 
pnde to Joseph's family After the death of Georges parents in the late 1860s. 
his "home " was his ship Yet, he remained fond of Brooklyn and looked for- 
ward to visits to Uncle Joe and his cousins. The family had firsthand know- 
ledge of DeLongs plans to organize an expedition to the North Pole. The 
launching of the Jeannette m 1878 and her voyage to the Arctic the follow- 
ing year, focused world-wide attention on the DeLongs in Brooklyn. When the 
explorers attempt to circumnavigate the polar seas ended in tragedy, few 
mourned the loss of George more deeply than his Williamsburgh kin. 

One of Josephs closest friends was the Rev. John Dunlap Wells (1815- 
1903) He became pastor of the South Third Street parish in 1850 and. with- 
in a few years, one of the most respected preachers in a city whose pulpits 
held some of the country's leading ministers. The Rev. Dr. Wells frequently 
visited the DeLongs home, as did his son. Newell Woolsey. (1851-1929) 
who became co-pastor of the church in 1882. The Wellses. father and son, 
served he Williamsburgh congregation for 80 years. Together, they baptized, 
confirmed or married at least 25 DeLongs from 1858 to 1919. On two occa- 
sions John Wells asked Joseph to serve as deacon, but he declined. 

In 1888 — the year of his golden wedding anniversary — 75-year- 
old Joseph DeLong decided to retire. Although hale and hearty, he wished to 
turn over the business reins to Joe, Jr., and enjoy his long-earned leisure years 
and the neat fortune he had amassed. The 50th milestone for Mary & Joseph 
was the occasion for a large family celebration where attention focused on the 
first member of the fourth generation, great-grandson Donald Wilson. The 
couple received dozens of anniversary gifts, including a stunning pair of 
diamond earrings for Mary from son Julius. 

Joseph and Mary kept busy. They read two or three newspapers a day and 
walked at least a mile every afternoon. On one of their walks in the early 
1850s. when Williamsburgh had just become a part of Brooklyn, they en- 
countered an invasion of tree worms that had devoured both leaves and twigs 
and hung webs from branches to the ground. The pests ruined thousands of 
trees in Williamsburgh and their webs blocked the sidewalks, causing pedes- 
trians like Joseph and Mary to abandon them for the streets. A self-styled 

• The Rev John Wells, born in Oneida County. NY, prepared for the ministry at Union College 38 
and Princeton Theological Seminary '44 {of which he served as trustee. 1875-1903) His son 
Newell graduated Princeton 72 and its Seminary 75 Before returning to Williamsburg, he served 
from 1875-81 the Presbyterian Church of Cooperstown, NY., where he died November 29. 1929. 



45 



authority soon imported a cage of English sparrows to destroy the worms.* 
"With typical British energy the sparrows proceeded to occupy the whole 
land, " Joseph said. "Most of the trees were cut down, but the sparrows 
survived quite nicely." 

The DeLongs, who rarely failed to practice the old adage "early to bed, early 
to rise," were surviving quite nicely, too. Here's how one newspaper described 
them at the turn of the century, age 89 and 83, respectively: 

Mr. and Mrs. DeLong are both remarkably preserved ... and are as 
chipper as many couples married half their 64 years. To a stranger they 
appear a score or more years younger. Mr. DeLong still retains in his 
cheeks the rosy hue of youth and Mrs. DeLong is quite as vigorous as he. 
Whenever the weather is favorable they walk unattended from their 
Marcy Avenue home to church, and often attend the evening service ... 
they enjoy themselves without a thought of their age....'° 

Joseph took a great interest in politics and world affairs, yet he never 
sought public office. For many years, he was a Democrat, but at the close of 
the Civil War, he switched to the Republican Party. Lincoln's firm stand 
against secession and slavery won Joseph's favor and he voted a straight 
Republican ticket for the rest of his life. He cast his first vote for Van Buren in 
1836; his last, for Taft in 1908. Occasionally, he'd tell his great-grandchildren 
of the time he clasped President Andrew Jackson's hand when he had visited 
New Jersey during the campaign of '32. Jackson and Lincoln were his special 
heroes. 

"Never was a public mourning more spontaneous and universal," Joseph 
said of Lincoln's assassination. "Hardly a building in New York was without 
a symbol of public grief. I paid my respects to the fallen President by marching 
in his funeral procession from City Hall to 14th Street." 

Nowoneofthe longest-wed couples in New York State, the DeLongs in 1903 
marked their 65th wedding anniversary. To celebrate the occasion, Kate and 
Joseph Hatch held a musicale at their Penn Street home. The Brooklyn Times, 
in an account of the event, told its readers Joseph at 90 was "short in stature 
and rather thin, but still muscular and sinewy." 

"What has been the most important change during your life?" guests asked 
Joseph. "Individually, the change from a mechanic to a merchant," he replied. 
"Overall, the changes in transportation. I have seen the great sailing ships go 

* Eugene Schieffelin (1827-1906), a memDer of the wholesale drug firm of Schieffeiin & Co. of 
New York, imported the sparrows in 1852. He also introciuced the starling to North America. 
Released in Centra! Park in 189C, they spread up the Hudson Valley and across the continent, 
arriving at Juneau, Alaska, in 1952. Both the starling and sparrow are aggressive birds and 
harass native species. A misguided Shakespeare enthusiast, he wished to see every species of 
bird mentioned by Shakespeare living in the U.S. The Record, N.Y. Genealogical and Biographical 
Society, vol. XXXVII, no. 4 (Oct. 1906). p. 317; Robert H. Boyle, The Hudson Valley. New York. 
WW, Norton, 1969, p. 67. 



46 



and steamships take their place I remember when we had horse power for 
ferryboats And I even recall the old omnibus lines before the days of horse 
cars Later came elevated steam cars, electric surface cars, the subway and 
now airships. When the Brooklyn Bridge was opened in 1883, that alone 
seemed like a revolution in transportation." 

By 1904 Williamsburg, too, had changed. The Williamsburg Bridge had 
opened a year earlier and joined the Eastern District and Manhattan. Hun- 
dreds of recently-arrived immigrants overflowed from the East Side to 
Williamsburg The remaining ferries — first hit by the opening of the Brooklyn 
Bridge 20 years earlier — stopped running. Many businesses and shops on low- 
er Fulton Street soon failed Factories, warehouses, and apartments rose 
where homes and gardens once stood. One of the last completely residential 
streets in Williamsburg was Devoe Street, and in 1905 the DeLongs left Marcy 
Avenue for 62 Devoe. 

The shuttered frame house on Devoe was a modest, two-story dwelling 
built around 1860. It served as the last home. In the spring of 1907 Mary con- 
tracted pneumonia, and after an illness of less than two weeks, died on April 
6 at the age of 88. Married for 6872 years, Joseph at 93 had outlived Mary. 

Father soon closed up his house and went to live with Kate and Joe Hatch in 
Flatbush. A year later, on May 15, 1908. Joseph was overtaken by the first 
serious illness of his life. Stricken with double pneumonia which affected his 
stomach. Father could not digest either solid or liquid food. The doctors 
stood around the bedside and gave him so many hours to live. But he persis- 
ted in trying to take nourishment until the sight of food made him intensely 
nauseous. 

For 35 days Father did not eat any food. He only put cracked ice in his mouth 
or sipped iced water. "I decided to see for myself which was the stronger — 
willpower or the stomach," explained Joseph.'^ 

At the end of five weeks, he felt a cure had been effected and asked Kate to 
prepare a meal. Within a day he was eating whatever he pleased and resumed 
his pre-illness routine. To test his resiliency, he ate squab and apple dump- 
lings, and then took a trolley ride to downtown Brooklyn. Father regarded his 
recovery as a matter of course. 

"It does not seem anything remarkable to me," he said. "My illness com- 
pelled me to fast and then when I recovered from my sickness. I continued to 
fast until I rounded out five weeks. Some days ago I decided that I must begin 
to eat, and I did. I was beginning to grow so thin and feeble that I am sure 
if I continued without food two weeks more I would have died. You see, my 
father-in-law fasted for seven weeks, but he died. 

"Oh, yes," he continued. "95 years is a good, long life, and I must say that 
mine is a fortunate one. I have always been blessed with good health. About 
ten years ago I was ill with grippe, but I never remember being sick before. 



47 



I hate to boast, and will not do it as something surely happens after it, but, 
from the way I feel now, I have hopes of living to reach the century mark."'^ 
His unique endurance race completed. Father soon was getting up at 8 
o'clock for breakfast with the family, reading the newspapers and his Bible, 
and taking walks. His eyes were as bright and powerful as ever, as he added, 
"I am not an old fool who thinks that because he has outlived his allotted 
time he is a wonderful man." 

Soon after his recovery, Father wished to return to his house on Devoe 
Street. He had been visiting each of his sons and daughters for a month or 
two at a stretch. He was anxious for Mary Philson, his widowed daughter, 
to come live with him, as he wrote: "Now the question arises what we shall 
do in the future, whether to keep house or live with our children. House- 
keeping would be both more laborious and expensive, but I do not know 
but what I should prefer it notwithstanding. I hope to see you before 
long when we can decide what is best."^'' 

Mary was reluctant to return to Williamsburgh and gave Father little 
encouragement. He replied: 

Have received yours of 11th inst. I propose going to Joseph next 
Saturday as he and Annie want me to stay awhile there, and if I am 
able to go to church next Sunday to the Communion, and if you 
come on next, we can talk the matter of our housekeeping over. 
I think from what you write in your letter the end of a home has 
come. God's will be done. If you will let me know where I can get 
Belle, I will have her come and clean up the house as it must be 
very dusty. ^'' 

By the end of 1908, Father was back at Devoe Street. Mary, followed 
by Kate Hatch a year or two later, ran the house. Then, late in 1912, a grand- 
daughter, Martha DeLong Stafford, took over the familial duties. 

Joseph was now 99. And the Brooklyn Times commented: "Of old Hugue- 
not stock, thrifty, kindly and not without the graces of his ancestral 
connections ... Joseph DeLong has been a good citizen. His church and the 
community have a right to be proud of him."^^ 

As Joseph approached his 100th birthday, he wondered if he would outlive 
his children. William and Joseph had reached their 70s, and in 1913 both 
a daughter-in-law and a son-in-law died. Old Joseph still never lost his 
optimism. "The world's better now than it ever was," he said. 

That was the keynote of his 100th birthday celebration in the last year 
before World War I. One of the most memorable tributes to the cente- 
narian was a full-page story in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. ^^ The headline 
read, "Joseph DeLong Finishes 100 Years of a Remarkable Life." One of 



48 



the photos was a portrait of five generations of DeLongs — an extraordinary 
occurrence in any family in any era. but more so at the turn of the century. 

The white-haired and bearded "patriarch of Devoe Street" remained 
physically strong and mentally alert long past the century mark He espe- 
cially enjoyed company and someone to talk to. No longer able to read, he 
welcomed visitors and stimulating conversation. On his 101st birthday, he 
conversed at length with an Eagle reporter on the European war which 
had broken out that summer. 

"I have seen many wars," Joseph said. "Fighting and excitement, misery 
and suffering — and what for? In a little while everything seemed almost 
the same as before, except that much sorrow prevailed and many fine young 
men were killed or crippled. What good will come of it? I often think there 
is a blood lust that will not be satisfied unless there is war and killing."'' 

To celebrate the start of his 102nd year, Joseph wanted to attend church. 
"It's communion, and our annual Go-To-Church Sunday. I ought to go. but 
don't know whether I'm equal to the strain. Perhaps, if the weather is good, 
I will." At his birthday party that week he said to dozens of descendants who 
gathered in tribute: "I am thankful to be well and strong. I did not expect 
to see all these years, but they came and went, and I'm still here. I'll be 
happy and content when I'm called 'home'." 

Six months later on Easter Sunday, 1915, Joseph caught cold. His family 
feared pneumonia, but he fought it off. He recovered sufficiently to eat his 
usual hearty meals and smoke his old pipe. But after two or three days, he 
suffered a relapse. 

For 37 nights his son. Dr. William, believed Father couldn't survive until 
morning. Each dawn the son shook his head and expressed amazement at 
the old man's durability. 

"For weeks he has taken only water; yet he lives on." Dr. DeLong said. 
"How he does it I do not know. He is the most remarkable case of human 
virility that I've ever seen or heard of in 51 years of medical practice. "^^ 

A constant stream of inquiries concerning his condition poured into 62 
Devoe. The whole neighborhood awaited news from Joseph's bedside. 
Conscious, yet oblivious to what was going on. he asked one morning: "How 
is everybody in Flatbush?" — a reference to relatives living in that part 
of Brooklyn. His daughters told him everyone was well and he seemed 
pleased. But his respiration, at a rate of 36 breaths per minute, remained 
shallow and his pulse was so weak that Dr. DeLong couldn't count the beats. 

On the morning of May 11. he called Martha Stafford to his bedside and 
asked for a drink of water. After sipping from the glass, he said in a feeble 
voice: "Give me my clothes. I am going home." A minute later, his "journey" 
began, after 101 years, 6 months and 14 days. 

When the news of Joseph's death spread throughout Williamsburgh, many 



49 



neighbors put their flags at half-mast out of respect to their venerable 
friend. The following day, each of Brooklyn's three leading newspapers 
had front-page photographs and accounts of Joseph DeLong's demise. His 
death was reported in most New York papers and in journals in Pennsylvania. 

The simplicity that marked the life of Joseph DeLong carried over to his 
funeral. Evening services were held at William DeLong's home and Dr. N. W. 
Wells officiated. The pastor said that no one had been more helpful to him 
in his work in the church than Joseph DeLong, and no one could go out of 
his life whom he would miss more. "To his family, friends and acquaint- 
ances," Dr. Wells added, "Joseph DeLong has left the legacy of an untar- 
nished life." 

About half of his 66 direct descendants were present (there were 4 great- 
great-grandsons by 1915), and more than 150 personal friends filled the 
Bainbridge Street house to overflowing. The following morning. May 15, 
Joseph was laid to rest on the side of a 200-foot rolling hill in Cypress hills 
— one of the highest elevations on Long Island — where on a clear day 
one can observe the Brooklyn shoreline. 

An Eagle editorial on May 12 noted that "industry, mental calm, a gentle 
sense of humor, kindliness to everybody, and a temperate life contributed 
to Joseph's longevity. A devoted Christian, active in the church, earnest 
in his convictions, he has left a legacy of integrity to his children, and 
Brooklyn mourns him ...." 

Added the Brooklyn Daily Times: 

"An old-fashioned gentleman ... who found at his own threshold and 
among his neighbors the happiness that others seek far afield." 



0245066 



50 



VI 
AN EASTERN DISTRICT DYNASTY 



The happiness many sought far afield Joseph DeLong indeed found in 
Brooklyn's Eastern District. Describing the area, Long Island historian 
Eugene Armbruster says that there were no strangers living in Williamsburg 
because no one could, nor did he want to, remain a stranger. "There was so 
much of common interest." Armbruster records, "that by one or the other 
means, the inhabitants became acquainted with each other, in a remarkably 
short time."' 

As a residential area, it was ideal. Community spirit was way above normal. 
Institutions — clubs, schools, churches — thrived. Business and industry 
flourished. Until the end of the 19th century, there remained scattered farms, 
hotels, gardens, orchards, and even a bathing beach at the East River. A 
family living in the Eastern District in the years, 1840 to 1900. had many 
advantages of country and city life at their doorstep. 

Joseph DeLong'schildren grew up in Williamsburg, on South 2nd Street and 

Eighth Street (now Marcy Avenue). Later, in the 1870s and '80s. they had 
their own homes on these streets and on Ross and Devoe. It was a neighbor- 
hood unusually amiable, spirited, and self-contained. 

Grand Street was the business thoroughfare. The major stores and offices 
of the area lined the sides of the street, and included Baker's dry goods. 
the Citizens Fire Insurance Company, McKee's stove and furnace factory. 
Irvine and Co. grocery. Mahler's bakery, and Billy Jenkins' cigar store. 
The market and milk wagons came down the old turnpike road to a point 
between Bedford and Driggs Avenues where they turned off in a circle onto 
Grand and down to the ferry. Several DeLongs held high offices in Marsh 
Lodge which met for many years in Masonic Hall at 145 Grand. 

Over on South 2nd Street, two relics of earlier days stood: the engine house 
of Protection Engine Company No. 2 where, in the upper story, all public 
business had been transacted, and the 13th Ward Bell Tower, the first bell in 
Williamsburg. Next door, the Williamsburg Dispensary occupied the first floor 
of a three-story house. There, William DeLong practiced medicine early in his 
career. 

On South 3rd, William and Joseph, Jr., attended District No. 1 School, not 
far from Dr. Wells' church. The Odd Fellows Hall, built in 1843. stood on the 
southeast corner of Driggs and South 3rd. This building became the local 
schoolhouse in 1850. 

On Bedford Avenue, the first All Souls Universalist Church was erected in 
1848 at a cost of $7,000. A new edifice on South 9th was completed in 1874. 
Three years later, Julius DeLong joined the parish and, as a church trustee, he 



51 



helped the congregation build its third home on Ocean Avenue, Flatbush, in 
1908. 

Both Julius and William were active members of the Hanover Club, the most 
prestigious men's group in the Eastern District. The Club acquired the Hawley 
Mansion at Bedford and Rodney Street in 1 890, the year the group was organ- 
ized. The first Hanover president was William Cullen Bryant, onetime city fire 
commissioner, and its roster included Fred Mollenhauer, Frank Sperry, Joseph 
Merritt, and Frederick W. Wurster, the last Mayor of Brooklyn. 

Along the East River shore, Williamsburg's major industries rose: Palmer's 
Cooperage, suppliers of barrels to the nearby sugar refineries of the Have- 
meyers. Dick & Meyer, and Moller & Sierck; a whalebone and rubber goods 
factory, Wurster's foundry and axle plant: several lumber yards; a railroad 
freight station; Hunt's boathouse and beach; Tuttle and Bailey ventilator com- 
pany; the Pratt Oil Works, and the domestic trade depot of the Standard Oil 
Company. More and more factories and warehouses dotted the waterfront. 
From a semi-rural settlement to an urban section of a consolidated city, the 
Eastern District had seen great changes. 

But what course did the lives of Joseph's offspring take in these surround- 
ings? What made the DeLongs one of the best-known and foremost families in 
Brooklyn — a veritable Eastern District dynasty? 

Numbers alone made them more visible than most. All of Joseph's children 
married, at a median age of 22 years, and raised from three to ten children, 
totaling 29 adults. 

Longevity, too, was a factor. Collectively, they lived more than a century 
from 1840 to 1943. Although no son or daughter achieved the hundred-year 
milestone, their lifespan fell between 74 and 91 years. Each of Joseph's four 
sons celebrated his 50th wedding anniversary, and excepting Julius, outlived 
his wife by at least five years. 

Achievements in business also contributed to their dynastic standing. This 
generation was strong-willed, enterprising, and inventive. Joseph, Jr., Julius, 
and Kate headed their own mercantile or manufacturing firms, and William 
practiced medicine. 

Patriotic, civic, and community endeavors especially added credit to the 
family. The DeLongs took a part in many activities, ranging from church and 
veterans functions to Hanover and Canarsie Yacht Club affairs. Joseph, Jr., 
and William served with the Union troops in the Civil War. Dr. Will per- 
formed duties for the Brooklyn Fire Department as early as 1861. Young 
John DeLong joined the Eastern District home guards. And Julius represented 
Brooklyn at state industrial and trade expositions. 

Doctor, merchant, or firechief, these Eastern District DeLongs left a mark 
on their community and laid the foundation of a large and prominent family 
dynasty. 



52 



WILLIAM AUGUSTUS DeLONG, M. D. — Physician and medical officer, 
he was asked his specialty upon joining a professional society. Without 
hesitation. Dr DeLong replied, "doing the best I know how." Born in New 
York, July 11, 1840. he did his best during a long and distinguished three- 
phase medical career as general practitioner, Army surgeon, and medical 
officer. 

Educated in Williamsburg public schools and by private tutor, he spent a 
year at sea aboard a trading ship — a berth his father secured through 
Grinnell, Minturn. Teenage William returned to Brooklyn and worked briefly 
as a salesman for a book manufacturer. Then, in 1859, he turned to medicine, 
and studied under Dr Edward Malone of 66 South 2nd Street, and at NYU 
Medical School with the class of 1863. By the time he got his degree, the 
Civil War was entering its third year. On March 26, 1863, 22-year-old Will 
accepted a commission as Assistant Surgeon, 77th NYS Saratoga Regiment, 
under Col James B. McKean, and was mustered in at White Oak Church. Va. 

Captain DeLong endured some of the worst battles of the War in Pennsyl- 
vania and Virginia. As a field medical officer, he treated countless cases of 
dysentry, smallpox and typhoid, as well as bullet wounds and broken bones. 
From the battles of Spotsylvanis Court House and Gettysburg to the Shen- 
andoah Valley. Dr. Will experienced victory and defeat as the conflict swayed 
back and forth. The constant stream of mutilated and battletorn men seemed 
endless. It took a dashing West Pointer, General Philip Sheridan to repulse 
the Confederates decisevely at Yellow Tavern, Winchester, Fisher's Hill and 
Cedar Creek, and rout the armies of Jubal Early and J.E.B. Stuart, late in 
1864. 

The "little doctor who could cut as well as the big ones" (his own phrase 
describing his height of 5' 4" and 21 months on the battlefield) helped to 
save many a soldier's life. One incident stands out, perhaps because it hap- 
pened early in his military career. On Sunday morning. May 3, 1863, a battle 
with Gen. Lee's rebels flared up near Fredericksburg, Va. A seriously 
wounded adjutant's clerk staggered to the rear and collapsed. He fell into 
unconsciousness at the feet of Dr. DeLong. 

Hours later Edward Fuller awoke in a hospital tent. The first words he 
recognized were DeLong's: 

"Here's the ball I took out of your head, Fuller. I pulled on it five times 
before I got it out."^ 

The rifle ball impaired his hearing and put an end to field combat, but his 
life had been saved, and a grateful Fuller, living to an old age, never forgot 
Dr. Will's beneficence. 

After Gettysburg. Dr. Will was placed in charge of a hospital in Warrenton, 
Va. The hospital had been a church. The pews were removed and straw placed 
upon the floor for beds. The Union Sanitary Commission supplied much of the 



53 



clothing, bedding, and medicine needed to run these front-line hospitals. 
Among those treated was a captured Confederate soldier who had his right 
arm amputated. DeLong unpacked an undershirt for the wounded rebel from 
the recently-arrived Commission supplies. 

The Doctor's eye caught a note pinned on the shirt. It gave the address of a 
young woman in Maine. She requested the recipient to communicate with 
her and tell of his war experiences. As the poor soldier's writing arm had been 
amputated, he begged DeLong to write and thank her for the gift. Dr. DeLong 
did so. He told her the clothing of the wounded man was dirty and bloody, 
and if she could have seen the gratitude of the soldier upon receiving a new, 
clean shirt, she would have been paid for all of her trouble. 

Dr. Will got a reply from Maine, where his letter, published in a weekly 
newspaper, encouraged the war relief work of the women of the town. The 
young lady asked for more letters, and a number were exchanged. 

"One day. Col. Selden Connor of the 7th Maine (he was later Governor 
of Maine) rode over to my quarters," DeLong recalled. "He asked if I 
had any acquaintances in his State. I told him no, but there was a young 
lady whose war correspondent I had become. He laughed and remarked, 
'I know her and she belongs to one of our best families." He also told 
me that he had received from her a letter making inquiries about me. I 
explained how our correspondence began and that my letters were simply 
the incidents of a soldier's life at the front." 

In the spring of 1864, two divisions of 6th Corps, including the 77th 
Regiment, were ordered from Petersburg to the Shenandoah Valley. There 
was considerable fighting and after the battle of Cedar Creek, DeLong was 
assigned to take charge of a train of about 400 wounded soldiers and convey 
them to Baltimore. 

"It was slow work, but we got there all right and I saw my men installed 
in hospitals. As I was dead broke, not receiving any pay for over five 
months, I begged the chief in charge to give me some supper and a night's 
lodging, which he did cordially. Before supper he invited me to go the 
rounds with him, introducing me to the doctors and nurses. In one of the 
wards I was introduced to a young woman from Maine. She looked and 
blushed. I looked, too, but could not blush; I was too sunburned. Great 
Scot! It was my correspondent. Well, we had a good talk, and as I left I 
asked how it was she had left a comfortable home to come down there. 
Her reply was that she could not carry a gun but could do the next best 
thing, nursing. She added that my letters had had a considerable influence 
over her decision to join the troops as a war nurse. "^ 

As the war drew to a close, Dr. DeLong was mustered out on December 
30, 1864 at Patrick's Station, Va. The following year, he entered private 
practice in the Eastern District at 80 Eighth Street. 



54 



A general practitioner, he was vaccinating surgeon for the Brooklyn Health 
Department (1877-84) As secretary and treasurer of the Medical Milk Com- 
mission, he cracked down on local milkmen selling unwholesome milk 
He also was affiliated with the Williamsburg Dispensary A family doctor 
to more than just the Williamsburg community, he treated five generations 
of his own family — from Lopes grandparents and Father to his grandchildren 
and grandnieces and grandnephews. 

Then, in 1894, he entered another phase of his medical career On 
March 1, the Brooklyn Fire Department appointed him a medical officer 
His association with fire fighting had begun as a young man and would 
last nearly 60 years. As early as 1861 he wrote "I now run to fires 
having joined Victory Engine No. 13."" By the turn of the century, Dr 
DeLong was one of four medical officers in Brooklyn and Queens with the 
rank of Chief of Battalion. He was continuously on duty, ready to answer a 
second alarm of fire that rang at his 170 Bainbridge Street home at any hour 
of the day or night. His salary in 1905 was $3,300. DeLong faithfully 
served the City for 25 years, and retired on July 1, 1919 with the rank 
of honorary chief. On the completion of 20 years' active duty in 1914, the 
Department's Board of Medical Officers presented to Dr. DeLong a solid 
gold fire badge with the number "20" outlined in diamonds. 

Of genial temperament and lively disposition, he was a popular clubman. 
In 1887 he helped to organize the Carnarsie Yacht Club on Jamaica Bay. 
In the '90s the Club with its four annual regattas did more for small boat 
sailing on the Bay than any other group. ^ He was Master of Marsh Lodge, 
No 188, F. & A. M., and a member of the Hanover Club at 561 Bedford 
Avenue. For more than 35 years, he participated in GAR activities with 
Abel Smith — First Long Island Post and attended many reunions and battle- 
field dedications, including Gettysburg, 1893. 

William married Janet Wilson Gillies on September 28, 1859. The Rev. 
John Wells officiated at 213 South Third Street. Born in Philadelphia in 
1840, she was the daughter of Theodore and Eliza S. Wilson Gillies. 
Active socially in the Eastern District, she was a member of the Chiropean 
Club and the Missionary Society and Women's Guild of Christ Episcopal 
Church. The DeLongs lived at 285 South Second Street until the early 1900s, 
then at 170 Bainbridge. Janet died there on February 16, 1913. They had 
four children: Joseph, Lizzie, Edward and Mary. 

Known among associates and family for his ready wit. William DeLong 
was a raconteur of exceptional merit. A note or letter from the Doc brought 
many a laugh and smile to its recipient. Even in his last years, he would 
dash off a few special lines, as these birthday greetings to sister Mary m 1918 

I well remember 71 years past 1847. Father came to the school 



55 



(South Third & Fifth Streets), took us home and when we arrived 
he took you in his arms and said, "Boys, now you have a sister." 
I judge from this he was mighty proud. But his pride of your birth was 
nothing compared to mine. I distinctly remember when he came home 
that night. (I was born about 2 a.m.) He had never seen a baby 
before & was wonder-struck. Father never swore, but I distinctly 
remember him saying, "Where in hell did you come from'j'" Mother 
got indignant, and remarked he did not come from hell, but from 
heaven. Father being of a religious turn of mind looked me over, and 
said, "Mary, you are right; he is from heaven, and we will do our 
best to make him from heaven born." And today, although they both 
have passed away, they did their best, not only by me, but by all of 
the others whether they came from heaven or hell.^ 

Ten months later, on October 3, 1919, Dr. DeLong died in his 80th year at 
Bainbridge Street (CH). 

JOSEPH DeLONG, JR. Namesake of Father and partner in the DeLong 
warehouse and storage business for nearly 40 years, Joseph was born at 
259y2 Division Street, New York, on March 17, 1843. Two years later the 
family moved to Williamsburg where Joe grew up and lived the rest of 
his life. In 1858 he joined the So. Third Street Church, and by the 1860s 
worked as a bookbinder. A few weeks after his 18th birthday, the Civil 
War broke out. On April 23, 1861, Joe enlisted in Brooklyn's 13th Regiment 
(National Grays), N.Y. Militia. In the first contingent of New Yorkers to 
volunteer, he carried on the Lopes family tradition of military service. 

On April 15, 1861, President Lincoln had called for 75,000 volunteers on 
a three-month enlistment. The Secretary of War ordered the New York 
Militia to retake any territory and property that had been seized by the 
Confederates. Baltimore, largely controlled by secessionist mobs, was under 
martial law, and Maryland hesitated between joining the southern cause or 
remaining loyal to the Union. Confederate troops in Virginia stood ready to 
attack a nearly-defenseless Washington, D.C. 

In Brooklyn, thecall for volunteers generated an enthusiastic and immediate 
response. Fifty thousand persons gathered at a rally in Fort Greene Park, and 
the 13th Regiment, under the command of Col. Abel Smith, helped to fill 
the state quota of 13,280 volunteers. The 600 men of the 13th were among 
the first to leave New York to protect the District of Columbia and Maryland. 

Private DeLong — 5 feet 6 inches in height with brown hair and eyes — 
was a member of Company F led by Captain John H. Stone. ^ The unit did 
not join the main body of the 13th, which had arrived at Annapolis on 
April 25. Direct railroad lines were cut, forcing many units to embark by 



56 



ship The Empire City transported Company F — an eager contingent that 
hoped to capture a 'rebel privateer" en route. No secessionist vessels were 
sighted, and the troops reached their Severn River destination on May 9. 
The Regiment was quartered at the Naval Academy, whose personnel had 
been transferred north to Newport. R. I. 

Voicing a frequent complaint of soldiers assigned to garrison duty, a trooper 
at Annapolis wrote: "... the same old thing ... for the twentieth time since 
we started from the Arsenal, namely putting on, taking off the knapsacks, 
canteens, equipment, and dragging heavy muskets . . . and then putting them 
back again just where you started from . . . the hot sun shining down upon 
us and nearly roasting us. I do not know what good these movements do . . . ."* 

In-camp observations soon filled letters to home: 

"When we have guard duty to perform, which is the most severe of all — 
it lasts twenty-four hours — two hours on and four off, which has to be spent 
in the Guard House. 

"Nothing has transpired here of any special moment, and from the 
present prospect of affairs it looks as if we should remain inactive: this does 
not suit me at all; I came to fight, and do not want to go back at all until 
I have had at least one good fire at the enemy, and to obtain it I would be 
willing to submit to almost any hardship ... 

"Breakfast — a cup of strong coffee in a not overly clean tin cup 
without milk, a piece of fat pork about three ounces fried to a crisp in the 
bottom of a pot without a particle of lean to relieve its grossness, wound up 
with a biscuit so hard that one of our boys facetiously remarked, when ap- 
proached with dallying with time as he was detailed for guard duty, he'd 
wait until the rail car came along to assist mastication Dinner — a plate of 
beans, interspersed with a slice of fat pork like an oasis in the desert, and 
the same biscuit. Supper — a cup of the morning coffee, ditto biscuit, 
sometimes enlivened by a cup of boiled rice. Fresh meat we have had lust 
three times since we landed."'' 

Before the end of May, young Joseph got his first letter from home with 
some fatherly advice on the importance of military obedience: 

It made us all feel happy to learn that you were comfortable and con- 
tented as well as could be under the circumstances. Toil and priva- 
tions you all will have to undergo, but these become much lighter by 
being assumed voluntarily and from principle . . . 

I thought, from the manner you wrote, that you must have felt a 
little shaky, the first night you were on picket, having kept your eyes 
wide open. Of course every new position you are placed in will inspire 
new feelings and new comprehensions, and by degrees you will per- 
ceive the stupendousness and great difficulty of organizing an army 



57 



fresh from the people and disciplining it up to a fighting standard. 
No doubt at the beginning, many a private in the ranks thinks if he 
could only have the direction of affairs they would move along 
much better; but as you advance step by step in your initiation into 
military life, you will see how presumptuous such notions are and the 
reason for dull, complete and undeviating obedience to superiors — 
the first and most important duty a soldier has to learn & the object 
of all this drilling, picketing, guarding and the strict rules of the 
camp. It is only by the implicit execution of his orders that a com- 
mander can bring an extended combination to a result. 

You will please excuse me, a civilian (who could scarcely tell a 
forty-inch howitzer from a horse pistol) trying to teach a soldier in 
"the army" about military affairs; you no doubt by this time under- 
stand them better than I do, and will soon learn, if you have not 
already, that being a soldier in time of war is no child's play.^° 

Small bands of secessionists occasionally attacked Union scouting parties, 
but rebel sympathizers were dispersed or beaten back without much trouble. 
By June, with the temperature hitting 90 degrees, baseball games provided 
recreation between companies. Even visitors from Brooklyn arrived and join- 
ed in such social gatherings as band concerts and group singing. 

An expedition to the Eastern Shore of Maryland broke the month-long 
military inactivity. F and two other Companies were ordered to capture a 
notorious sea captain who had been using his sloop to furnish Baltimore 
with arms and ammunition. A 300-man party left Annapolis in two pro- 
peller boats. Four hours later they landed at St. Michael's, a small pro- 
Union village on the Wey River. Col. Smith learned that the infamous 
captain and his Confederate raiders from nearby Easton had fled with 
cannons, ammunition and equipment. 

The troops reboarded their vessels, and after a 45-minute sail, came ashore 
at Mills Ferry Bridge. The Regiment marched three miles inland to Easton 
where the rebels were taken by surprise, completely surrounded, and forced 
to surrender. Their arsenal yielded 1,700 muskets, 300 horse pistols, 500 
sabres, 3,000 rounds of grape and canister and 5 wagon loads of cannon 
ball. The troops loaded the armaments onto wagons and hauled it to their 
boats. The captured Confederates, too, were taken aboard for transport to 
Annapolis. The sea-land mission took less than 29 hours, and the troops 
soon returned to less adventurous and more routine duties." 

On June 16, the 13th Regiment left Annapolis for Baltimore by rail. 
Their mission: to stand ready to suppress secessionist riots. The troops 
camped at Carroll Place, two miles west of the city, and the Regiment 
called the hot and dusty site, Camp Brooklyn. 



58 



Once more, Father advised Joseph to avoid punishment or disgrace: 

As your time is short, you had better submit to any little privations 
than damage the good cause by mutinous and msurrectionary demon- 
strations ... In your private quarrels you always get as much punish- 
ment as you inflict; bear and forbear should be your motto ....'' 

According to Brooklyn newspaper accounts, inadequate rations and high- 
level mismanagement were causing periodic fights among the enlistees. 
More conflict prevailed within the ranks than against Baltimore's rebels. 
Disturbances were expected from the city's pro-Southern element. However, 
the days passed without incident as Baltimore remained under martial 
law. An increasing number of the populace embraced the Union cause. And 
even a group of West Baltimore residents presented a silk flag to the 13th 
Regiment as a token of appreciation for its help in keeping the city calm.^^ 

On July 24, Joseph's three-month enlistment ended. Within a week, he 
was back in Brooklyn where the citizenry proudly welcomed the returning 
troops. Although they had fought in no battles, they had done much to 
prevent secessionist outbreaks in Annapolis and Baltimore. 

The War dragged on for four years, and many of the 13th Regiment re- 
enlisted or wera recalled. 

During the spring of '63 recruitment lagged and came under criticism 
for being inequitable. State militia provided the bulk of troops on a three- 
to nine-month short-term basis. Frequently these recruits lacked training and 
discipline. To increase the length of service and number of troops. Congress 
passed the Conscription Act, making all men, age 20 to 45 years, liable to 
the draft. However, by the payment of $300 or the procurement of a sub- 
stitute, service could be avoided. The draft increasingly was regarded as 
an injustice to the poor, and the first lottery provoked four days of wide- 
spread anti-draft riots in New York City. On July 14, 1863, Joseph, Sr., 
wrote of: 

. . . terrible work going on in the city, rioting, burning and killing — 
all to resist the draft. I understand that they have sent to Washington 
for some of the Militia to come back to assist quelling the riot ... I 
am writing this letter about three o'clock a.m. I have one watchman 
in the store [Grinnell, Minturn] with me and two stationed outside. 
There has been no rioting down town yet but plenty of fights ... It 
is not safe for a negro to show himself. Everything has been quiet 
all night in this neighborhood and it has been pouring for about an 
hour, which I think will tend more than the police, to stop it, if there 
is any going on at present.^" 



59 



Joseph DeLong went off to war a second time. On June 17, 1863, two 
years after his first enlistment, he joined Company B, 47th Regiment, 
New York National Guard (Infantry) for a 30-day stint. Orders assigned him 
to picket duty near Fairfax and at Alexandria, Va. Father remarked that it 
was more likely he would have a sight at the wolf this time.^^ 

From June 26 to July 19, Private DeLong and the 324 men of the 47th 
Regiment stood picket duty in Virginia. The brief 30-day service ended and 
the recruits returned home bronzed from the burning sun and tired from 
five days of homeward travel through Maryland, Pennsylvania and New 
Jersey. Although the Regiment did not engage in battle, the Brooklyn troops 
did enough "marching through mud up to the knees and water up to the 
armpits to make up for the lack of bullet exercise."^^ 

Joseph returned to Williamsburg no worse for wear. Soon things at home 
were "pretty much as usual, mother having the same trouble to get Joe up 
on time for breakfast." Then, in 1867 Joe met Annie Anderton, a young 
orphan who lived with her uncle and guardian, Thomas Anderton, in New- 
town. "I told mother 2 or 3 days after you sailed about my little affair," 
Joe wrote sister Mary in California, "and brought Annie here in a couple 
of weeks. I feel more settled than when you left."^^ 

Joe and 15-year-old Annie were married on July 13, 1867, by the Rev. 
Booth of 93 Eighth Street. Two months later he brought her home to live 
at 160 So. Second Street. "Joe is dangerous just now," quipped brother 
Will. "He has whitewashed his room this evening preparatory to bringing 
home his Annie on Saturday evening. "^^ Added Father: "As a matter of 
course, they get on most lovingly. "2° 

She was born Annie Elizabeth Pewtner, December 9, 1851, in Brooklyn, 
and when she was a baby, her parents, Annie Anderton and George Pewtner, 
died. Sister Matilda (1847-1871), brother George, and Annie were raised 
by their maternal grandparents, Elizabeth (1789-1865) and William Anderton 
(1784-1863), and Uncle Tom Anderton (1813-1876). The English-born 
Andertons — parents, son, and daughter Harriet Lawrence (1827-1894) — 
came to the United States in the 1830s and settled in Newtown, now a part 
of Elmhurst, Queens. Parishioners of St. James Episcopal Church, they are 
buried there in the small churchyard. Thomas Anderton, the Postmaster of 
Newtown (1864) and a butcher, lived on Jamaica Road near Broadway. A 
member of Mizpah Lodge, F. &A.M., hedied August 23, 1876. 

Both Annie and Matilda dropped their Pewtner surname and replaced 
it with Anderton to honor their benefactors. Matilda married James B. 
Carpenter on November 6, 1869. They had a son before her untimely 
death in 1871 at age 24. 

Annie DeLong gave birth to 11 children: Elizabeth (died in infancy), Mary, 
Matilda, Thomas, George, Annie, Julius, Martha, Charles, Alice, and Lucy. 



60 



By the time the youngest was born in 1893, the oldest. Mary DeL. Wilson — 

married and living in Montclair, N.J. — was bringing her own children back 

for visits to their Brooklyn grandparents. By the mid-1890s they had moved 

from Marcy Avenue to 60 Devoe. 

About 1873, Joseph joined his father in business at South and Fletcher 

Streets, New York After Father retired in 1888, Joe ran the firm, and it 

became Jos DeLong, Jr , Storage Co., at 40 Fletcher, and later 16 Pearl 

Street (1907) In 1909 Joe sold the company and retired. In later years 
he suffered from glaucoma, an eye disease that left him almost totally 

blind in his 80s 

A Presbyterian of varying degrees of affinity during his long life, Joseph 
at one point incurred the displeasure of the Church Elders. In the mid-1870s 
the ruling Elders noted his lengthy absence from services. They requested 
that he meet with them and explain his neglect of "covenant obligations." 
An adament Joseph respectfully declined, prefehng the Elders to dispose of 
his case in absentia. They did regretfully — by suspending him on November 
26, 1878. But long before his death at age 88 on July 13, 1931, he had been 
reinstated to good standing. Joe and Annie (who had joined the So. Third 
Street parish in 1903) celebrated 56 years of marriage. She died at 60 
Devoe on January 4, 1924 (CH). 

Joe, one of the last members of G.A.R.'s Abel Smith - First Long Island 
Post, gave in later years each of his married grandchildren a large American 
Flag — an appropriate remembrance from an old soldier. 

JOHN DeLONG. At his death in 1930 at age 85, John DeLong was both 
the oldest and longest resident of Bergen Beach, that section of Brooklyn 
on the western shore of Jamaica Bay. One of the earliest year-round settlers 
in this seaside community, he came to the Beach in the 1890s. lived for 
more than 30 years at 2233 East 72nd Street, near Avenue V, and was 
widely known as "The Mayor of Bergen Beach. "^^ 

When John moved to the Bay area, after more than 20 years at 66 Devoe 
Street, the section was a grove of spreading elm trees that sheltered 
family picnickers on Sunday outings. Clusters of fishing shacks on uneven 
stilts dotted the woods and beach. Much of the land had been farms, owned 
by a number of early Brooklyn families, including the Bergens. In the late 
■90s, Percy Williams, a successful theatre owner and entrepreneur, with 
Thomas Adams, a well-heeled chewing gun manufacturer, purchased water- 
front land and turned the Beach into a small Coney Island, complete with 
casino, boardwalk, roller skating rink, scenic railway, Ferris wheel and 
amusements. 

During the summer the resort flourished. From June to September, 
Nostrand Avenue trolley cars each day carried hundreds of passengers to 
the salt-water playground. For more than 20 years Bergen Beach drew 



61 



pleasure-bent crowds, as well as a growing number of residents. But soon 
after Williams died, in 1916, the community declined. By the mid-1920s, it 
was no longer a popular resort but a partially deserted flat marshland, 
interspersed with a handful of frame dwellings, like the DeLongs' two- 
story Victorian house. Like a sleeping giant, the Beach would awake to the 
sound of bulldozers a generation later and then mushroom into a fast- 
growing residential development. 

John DeLong, a well-known and -liked Bergen Beach figure, was born in 
Williamsburg, July 21, 1845, the year his parents moved to Brooklyn. 
One of his earliest pastimes was target shooting, for which he won many 
prizes. In the late 1860s, he joined the volunteer fire department, attended 
balls, joined a lodge, and served in the Ellsworth Guards as a 4th Lieutenant. 

"Lieut. John DeLong," he wrote, "How does that sound? I wish you 
were home the day we turn out to see how natural your brother looks with 
a Sword. You see it would not do for a DeLong to carry a musket. What 
would our French relations say if they saw it. Why they would disown us . . . ."^^ 

John soon described one of his "battles" — a memorable military review 
in November, 1867: 

We marched from South 3rd Street through the 14th Ward where we 
were loudly cheered by all of the rich men's sons of that ward. We 
then proceeded to New York, past the City Hall where we were 
reviewed by Andy Johnson, Thad Stevens, Fernando Wood, Horace 
Greeley, John Morrissey, Gen. Grant and a host of other patriots, 
who congratulated the Captain on the fine appearance of his Officers 
and Men, especially the 4th Section and their Lieut. ^^ 

That month Father observed that John "is the only one now in the 
family that has fun. Your brother Joe is an old man, and the cares of 
life and family rest on him."^'' 

John spent his entire working career as a printer and bookbinder. The 
New York firm of Redfield-Kendrick-Odell, located in the Scribner Building 
at 311 West 43rd Street, employed him for many years. "Contented Pop 
DeLong" left his drum-press in the R-K-O overlay department for the last 
time at age 80. 

On May 1, 1871, with the Rev. John Wells officiating, he married Emma 
J. Rowland, daughter of Theodore J. Rowland. She was born in Brooklyn 
in 1850 and died there February 28, 1925. John spent his last years at 
Bergen Beach and died September 30, 1930 (CH). The John DeLongs raised 
a daughter — Harriet — and three sons — Theodore, William, and John, Jr. 

MARY LOUISE DeLONG. Twice widowed for a total of 52 years, she bore 



62 



four children — William, Florence and John MacKinnon, and J. DeLong 
Philson — during 16 years of marriage. Born December 3. 1847 in Brooklyn, 
she wed at age 16(1) John Boyd MacKinnon The August 24, 1864 ceremony 
was performed in Brooklyn by Charles B. Sing, a Methodist Episcopal 
pastor. MacKinnon, whose father came from Scotland, was born in New 
York. November 22, 1840 Twenty-three-year-old John left his bride of one 
week to serve an enlistment in the Union Navy. He was assigned to the 
US S Clematis and Fearnot during his 12-month tour, ending August 31. 
1865" 

Mary and John first lived at 80 Eighth Street. In May, 1867, they journeyed 
by ship to California where John, an engineer, worked for nearly a year. 
Family letters to the MacKinnons in San Francisco vividly describe life 
back home, and undoubtedly made the young couple anxious to return to 
Brooklyn They did in 1868, and by the early 1870s. lived at 125 Calyer 
Street, Greenpoint. John soon became chief engineer for Arnold, Constable 
& Co., one of New York's earliest and most fashionable department stores. 
In 1875, the store at I9th Street and Broadway expanded by constructing 
a new wing to extend the six-story building to Fifth Avenue. 

During construction, MacKinnon, in January, 1876, was gravely injured. 
He never recovered and died March 2, 1876. A deacon of Greenpoint Lodge, 
No. 403, F. & A.M., and the Noble Street Baptist Church, he was eulogized 
at one of the most solemn and imposing services ever witnessed in Green- 
point as "a good father and a faithful friend." (Wappinger Falls, N.Y.)^^ 

Mary returned to Williamsburg to live with her parents at 84 Marcy Avenue. 
Her brother, Joe, and his growing family shared the three-story brick and 
brownstone-trimmed house. By the early 1880s the DeLong home held nine 
children — teenage to toddler — and five adults. It was a closeknit household 
and made Father content to have some of his offspring under one roof. 
Years later his grandson, Thomas A. DeLong, would describe the family fold. 
Recollections of Marcy Avenue came back vividly to him in a dream. 

"I saw the old living room with the stove stuck way out in the room and 
the space in back of it where I used to play," he wrote. "To the left 
was the closet where we put our school books. To the right of the stove 
was Pop's chair [Joe, Jr.] with its back to the window; then came the table 
(and the old gas light flickering above it), and thence on into the pantry 
with its old iron sink, the table where the dishes were washed and shelves 
above . . . Even the little mouse trap, with the bars in the front, was still 
under the table. 

"And then who came into the room but Mom [Annie DeLong]," he con- 
tinued. "She seemed in exceptionally high spirits this particular night for 
she had on an old hat, with the brim tilted down over her eyes and she 
was going through some funny motions to make us laugh . . . Pop, too, was 



63 



all dolled up; it must have been some special occasion. He had his somewhat 
reddish hair all combed nicely and his mustache was clipped short. No 
words were spoken. Some of the children were there but their faces are 
somewhat hazy." 

Down a flight of stairs were bedrooms, a parlor, and the front door. Mary 
and Joseph lived on this, the first floor, as Thomas remembers. 

"I walked through the hall into the kitchen," he says, "and there was dear 
old Ma [Mary DeLong] busy polishing her brass coal scuttle. The trunk was 
still in its accustomed place and Father was sitting in his chair by the 
window . . . these scenes came back to me so real ... I remembered saying, 
'It was wonderful to see you all again'. "^^ 

A few years later, 84 Marcy would lose the MacKinnons. There, on 
February 15, 1888, Mary wed (2) Joseph Ball Philson, a widower. A deacon 
of Dr. Wells' church since 1864, he had known Joseph DeLong for almost 
40 years. 2^ Joseph Philson was born in Londonderry, North Ireland, March 
5, 1820 and was the son of Matthew King (1778-1868) and Eliza Ball 
Philson (1788-1842). He married Sophia C, Bond in" February, 1843. They 
had three children — Matthew, George and Eliza — all of whom died in the 
1850s. Sophia died on February 9, 1887, at age 70. 

Mary and Joseph Philson made their home at 151 Van Buren Street and 
joined the nearby Ross St. Presbyterian Church. A son was born in 1889 
and named James DeLong. Two years later, Philson, a well-to-do accountant 
with the engineering firm of Henry J. Davison & Co. at 2 Wall Street, died 
suddenly on November 5 after attending a church meeting. 

Mary and her sons soon moved to 62 Hooper Street and later to 35 Hart. 
She lived briefly with Father on Devoe Street, ca. 1908-11. Her last years 
were spent at the Hanf home, 1257 Bergen Street. She died there, February 
5. 1932, at age 84 (EV). 

JULIUS LASSEN DeLONG. Born March 1, 1850, he died at 372 years, on 
October 3, 1853 (CH). 

CATHERINE (KATE) DeLONG. Beach bathing and romping babies for Kate 
sparked an inherent flair for thinking out and producing simple but clever 
devices. Kate, with comfort, convenience and appearance in mind, developed 
several ladies' bathing garments. The swimming apparel was a forerunner of 
this century's stretch swimsuit — and an early example of women's liberation, 
at least within the DeLong family. Ingenious Kate DeLong Hatch, with four 
young offspring at home, also perfected a safety baby-holder, a precursor 
of today's portable infant seat. 

Born September, 17, 1852, she was married to Joseph Hatch in Brooklyn 
on November 29, 1871. They raised two sons — Southmayd and Frank — 



64 



and two daughters — Clara and Janet. Joe Hatch was born in New York. 
September 20. 1849, and lived in Norwalk, Conn,, where he was a well- 
known baseball player with the famous Old Liberty team. He was the son 
of Davis Hatch (1811-1899) and Julia Mana Southmayd (1817-1889). Davis 
Hatch was born in Falmouth. Mass.. and began his career as a sailor and 
master of vessels, in which he continued until 1844 Then, he took up 
residence in Ponce, Puerto Rico, and engaged in the sugar and molasses 
business there and in Santo Domingo for 12 years. In 1860 he settled in 
Norwalk, those Roton Point Beach and pavilion became a favorite watering 
place for many Brooklyn DeLongs in the 1880s and '90s. In 1881 m South 
Norwalk, Davis Hatch, with James Howard Bailey, started the Hatch & Bailey 
Lumber Company. The firm had been founded in 1872 by Messrs. Knapp 
and Fitch and specialized in doors, sash, blinds, and window frames. Several 
years later. Hatch's daughter. Belle, wed Bailey's son James S.. adding a 
marital tie to a business partnership. One of Norwalk's oldest companies, it 
expanded with a branch in nearby Springdale. Hatch & Bailey remained a 
family-run concern into the 1920s. 

Kate and Joe Hatch lived at 220 Penn Street. Williamsburg (1905) and 
later in Flatbush. Housework and children aside, Kate turned to other 
interests. Her inventive skill and entreprenurial know-how led to patent 
applications and the formation of a corset company. Her baby-holder, pat- 
ented in 1897, consisted of a thin wooden seat, cord netting, and a leather 
belt with a buckle. Once placed in the device designed for carriages, chairs 
and swings, a baby could not fall, yet had sufficient freedom of movement. 
The large mesh netting formed a pocket to inclose the sides and rear portion 
of the baby's body. The holder was open at the front and the strands at the 
upper end of the netting were rigidly secured to a belt, adapted to pass 
around the waist of the baby. Kate described her invention as "simple 
and safe." Although the holder appears somewhat hard on baby's bottom, 
its safety factor compensated with parental piece of mind. 

Two years earlier, in 1895, Kate designed her first ladies' bathing garment 
for "the surf, river, lake or other place." In concept and shape, it resembled 
a suit of armor; yet, in matenal and fit. it incorporated pliability and high 
fashion. This undergarment made from a single piece of rubber or similar 
matenal fit snugly and conformed to a female's "upper front, " and hence, 
became a bathing-form. The harness-like clothing, equipped with adjustable 
shoulder, back, and side straps, permitted a turn-of-the century mermaid to 
adapt this form to her form. 

Kate bettered this bathing apparel with the introduction of a new and 
improved woman's bathing corset in 1906. This garment, also patented, 
consisted of a three-section cotton and rubber outfit. To keep madam in 
shape while immersed at Coney Island or Atlantic City, strips of cotton and 



65 



rubber joined the sections and were secured by vulcanizing the rubber. These 
waterproof strips formed pockets for stiffening metal ribs that gave form to 
the bathing corset and prevented it from collapsing. 

In U.S. Patent No. 820,972, filed May 24, 1905, Kate stated: "The objection 
to bathing-corsets as heretofore constructed has been that it was impossible 
to provide them with stiffenlng-ribs which would not be speedily destroyed 
by the action of water, particularly salt water, and when such corsets were 
not provided with stiffening-ribs, it was necessary to use shoulder straps or 
other appliances ...." 

This bathing corset became the nucleus for Kate's own manufacturing 
shop. She helped to organize the DeLong Rubber Corset Company at 47 
West 34th Street, New York. Capitalized at $25,000, the firm was a family 
endeavor. Kate handled design and production. Joe, an accountant, became 
secretary. Brother Julius DeLong, who financed the company, held the presi- 
dency. All th ree were directors. The firm flourished for a dozen or so years. After 
Joe Hatch's death on August 19, 1913, it became DeLong Corsetiers Co., Inc., 
with Kate as secretary and Louise Mercey, president. Early in World War I, 
the shop closed because rubber shortages developed and the popularity of 
elaborate foundation garments declined. 

During the 1920s Kate commuted between New York and California. In 
the East, she lived with the Julius DeLongs. On the West Coast, she stayed 
with daughter Janet in Southern California. After the death of her sister- 
in-law, Sara DeLong, in 1930, Kate settled permanently in Los Angeles, where 
she died April 24, 1943 in her 91st year (Riverside, Norwalk). 

JULIUS DeLONG. Born in Brooklyn, April 12, 1855, Julius became an in- 
ventor and industrialist — a pioneer in the field of industrial and home 
insulation. 

Julius was a great favorite of older cousin George W. DeLong. George 
gave him his phzed set of tenpins and wanted to get young Julius an 
appointment to the Naval Academy, but his parents objected. A few years 
later, in 1879, Julius considered applying as a seaman aboard the Jeannette. 
Had he not been married, he might have joined the Expedition. Ironically, 
Julius' firm manufactured the type of hair felt that was used to wrap the 
bodiesof Commander DeLong and his companionsfor transport from Siberia. 

On November 7, 1877 Julius wed Sara Martha Hillary, daughter of 
Eliza Le Count (1822-1894) and Joshua Hillary (1823-1903).* The Rev. 
Almon Gunnison, pastor of All Souls Universalist Church and later president 
of St. Lawrence University (1899-1914), officiated. Sara was born in Brooklyn 
February 1, 1859, and died at Lake Mahopac, N.Y., March 26, 1930. 

* English-born Joshua Hillary at age 80 was one of Brooklyn's oldest and most avid bicycle 
riders and pedaled between 30 and 40 miles a day. Eagle, Jan. 16, 1903. On April 12, 1903 the 
DeLongs gave two stained glass windows at All Souls in memory of the Hillarys. 



66 



In 1877 Julius became a broker in hides, skins and tallow, lard, grease 
and oils, hair, bones, hoofs and horns, and glue stock. The firm — DeLong 
& Plaisted at 75 Gold Street, New York — soon discovered that chemically- 
treated cattle hair contained certain fire-resistant, sanitary, and lightweight 
properties highly suitable for building insulation. Combined with asbestos, 
the hair provided a high degree of sound resistance and acted as an efficient 
barrier to heat and cold. Julius received several patents for his insulating 
material: a hair and cornstalk-pith lining in 1901, and a cattle hair, burlap 
and asbestos product in 1923. 

In 1880 Julius opened a manufacturing plant and warehouse in Allegheny, 
Pa., near Pittsburgh. "In New York you can make a living and something 
over," he wrote, "but I'm a little ambitious to get through with this life's 
manual labor and am putting up with Pittsburgh smoke to do it."* By 
1895 the factory was one of the largest of its kind in the United States and 
employed about 70 men. The steam-powered plant consisted of four connect- 
ing two- and three-story buildings on one acre. Uses for Julius DeLong & 
Co. "Keystone" hair felt included refrigerated railroad and passenger car 
paneling, linings for ice and cold storage houses, linings for carpet, moisture 
proof insulation for brewers' cooling rooms, the first sound control for 
"talking pictures," and general insulation for homes, factories, theatres, 
apartment houses and schools. Annual sales in the mid-1890s reached 
$250,000,29 

Julius was continually looking for new applications for his insulation. 
One spring day he had an idea. He summoned his chauffeur, August, to 
bring the large, air-cooled Franklin to the New York warehouse. Julius had 
August remove the inner tubes from the wood wheels and pack cattle hair 
in the tire casings. To test the tires, which rarely, if ever, were inflated to 
capacity, they started off for Coney Island. In a short while, it was obvious 
that the tires had had it and the rims were taking up the burden. Julius 
ordered August to pull off the parkway. Julius readily saw the combination 
of cattle hair and rubber had no merit and scrapped the idea then and there. 
Julius took the trolley back to Flatbush. Poor August was left with the car. 

A close friend and associate of Hiram E. and Thomas F. Manville, Julius 
marketed the Keystone brand through the Johns-Manville Company. The 
Manville sons, Julius, and other company executives often ate lunch at the 
Murray Hill Hotel, a few blocks from the Johns-Manville Building at 
Madison and 40th Street. One noontime, as Julius was ndmg in an elevator 
in the building, Charles B. Manville, the nonagenarian founder of the com- 
pany, got aboard and asked Julius where he ate. Julius told him about the 
excellent dining accommodations at the Murray Hill. 

• Ltr . Julius DeLong to GWD. June 1, 1881 Sent to the Arctic on a Jeannetle rescue sh(p. the 
letter was returned after a 9,000-mile journey. 



67 



"Ridiculous!" the multimillionaire replied. "I found a place uptown that 
serves a delicious meal for 50 cents." 

With that, the elevator door opened and Mr. Manville walked from the 
lobby into a chauffeur-driven Rolls-Royce for the drive to his bargain 
lunch. 

One of Julius' last social engagements was as guest at the December, 1928. 
Pleasantville, N.Y., marriage of H.E Manvilles daughter. Estelle. to Swedish 
Count Foike Bernadotte — one of the 1920's most dazzling weddings. ■ 

Julius' ether firms and partnerships before the turn of the century were: 
DeLong & French (1885-94), 128 Pearl and 321 East 22nd Streets; DeLong 
Mining and Smelting Co. (1890); DeLong Ventilator Co (1894). and Julius 
DeLong & Co.. 108 Fulton and 67 Beekman Streets. About 1900 DeLong & Co. 
took the name of its leading product and became the Keystone Hair Insulator 
Co., with offices at 18 East 41st Street and later 292 Madison Avenue. Julius 
held the Keystone presidency the rest of his life. He also was vice president of 
the American Hair & Felt Company (1896), the firm which, in May, 1929. 
bought Keystone. 

A devoted, enthusiastic, and generous member of All Souls Church, Julius 
DeLong served as parish trustee for 34 years. He was instrumental in moving 
the congregation from South 9th Street, Williamsburg, to a new and larger 
edificeon Ocean Avenue, Flatbush, in 1908. He endowed an All Souls scholar- 
ship for students wishing to attend St. Lawrence University, Canton, N.Y., 
where a number of his grandchildren and great-grandchildren later matricu- 
lated. 

On September 11, 1911 Julius joined the board of directors of the Citizen 
Savings Bank of New York.' A member of the Sleepy Hollow Country Club 
and a founder (1890) and director of the Hanover Club, he participated in 
many of the latter group's social functions — including mmistrel shows in 
which he played the bones and sang first tenor. In 1895 he journeyed to Atlan- 
ta, Ga., as a member of the Brooklyn Citizens' Committee to the Cotton States 
and International Exposition. 

The Julius DeLongs and their three daughters — Lydie. Ethel and Sara — 
resided at 160 Ross Street for many years. They briefly lived at Pitts- 
burgh's Central Hotel (1880-83) at the time Julius established his Alle- 
gheny plant. In 1909 they moved to the Prospect Park South section of Flat- 
bush. Here, at 1100 Albermarle Road, Julius built a handsome residence 
among the large, tree-shaded homes of many of Brooklyn's foremost citizens. 
At the turn of the century, the family began spending summers at Lake Maho- 
pac. In 1914 the DeLongs built a lakeside home. Julius and Sara left Flatbush 
in 1920, and Julius, undoubtedly using his own Keystone insulation, winter- 
ized the Mahopac house for year-round living. He died there of pneumonia on 
January 10, 1929 (GW). 

* Merged with The Manhattan Savings Bank in 1942. 



68 



The Citizens Savings Board of Trustees paid high tribute to their fellow 
board member by recording that Julius "was in all respects conscientious and 
thorough Combined with his keen observation and business experience, he 
was also endowed with a most genial sense of humor and kindliness of heart 
and manner ..."^' 



69 



VII 
BROOKLYN 14, SUBURBIA 14 



Twenty-eight DeLong grandchildren helped to celebrate Father's 100th 
birthday in 1913. Their ages ranged from 20 to 53 years. A full generation 
separated the oldest, Joseph J. DeLong (born 1860). and the youngest. 
Lucille DeLong (born 1893). Four grandchildren had died in infancy and a 
fifth, at age 24 

All of this generation were born in Brooklyn. Most of the 26 who married 
chose one of the borough's many churches or preachers. Of the 26. 20 had off- 
spring, with five the maximum number. The average age at death (four are 
living at this writing) has been 68 years — far short of their parent's 83-year 
run. The longest lifespan to date is the 89 years. 4 months of Florence Mac- 
Kinnon Hanf Only one of Father's grandsons lived beyond 73 years. On the 
other hand, the distaff members have a longer track record. Six granddaugh- 
ters lived into their 80s. 

The longest wed of this generation — Mary DeLong Wilson — reached an im- 
pressive 69 years. However, only five celebrated their 50th anniversary. On 
the opposite side of the ledger, there were two divorces and one person tal- 
lied three marriages in 29 years. 

A number of these DeLongs became entrepreneurs, following in the foot- 
steps of their parents. They owned and managed small- or medium-sized 
businesses, or were self-employed. Several (and spouses) worked for Julius 
DeLong and his Keystone Company. 

Not long aftertheturn of the century, more and more of this generation were 
moving from Brooklyn. Although many factors influenced the exodus to other 
localities, it frequently began in the form of a summer vacation. This writer 
believes the Brooklyn press played no small part in unwittingly encouraging 
the migration to the country. The Brooklyn Eagle and Daily Times gave exten- 
sive coverage to suburban and summer resort activities. 

As an example, take an account of Mrs. Joseph J. DeLong and daughter 
Janet, summering at Massapequa, L.I., in the mid-1890s. This watering 
spot on the Great South Bay, where the DeLongs and other Brooklyn people 
spent summers either in the hotel or cottages, years later would mushroom 
into one of the city's numerous bedroom suburbs. But in the days of bustles 
and bowlers. Massapequa was a quiet, rural seaside village. It was "only 
a step from the hotel porches to the dock, where there are a great variety 
of craft from the small row boat to the pretentious steam yacht, while the 
drives and opportunities for wheeling are unexcelled anywhere."' 

Page after page of articles and illustrations on the advantages and idyllic 



71 



pleasures of country living attracted an increasing number of Brooklynites 
to Long Island, Westchester and Connecticut. Initially, the rural exposure 
lasted a week or two. But soon an entire summer was spent in a boarding 
house or rented cottage. Withing a few years, Brooklyn no longer was home; 
the vacation village became a year-round residence. As auto travel grew 
more commonplace and rail transportation provided faster and more conven- 
ient commuting, beginning about 1910, a house in the suburbs enticed many 
city dwellers. From Montclair and Mahopac to New Canaan and Lloyd Harbor, 
Father's grandchildren established new roots and set a trend their grand- 
children would show no signs of reversing. 

Although the movement to suburbia gained momentum, the city for a 
time, at least, held its own with the 28 DeLongs of this generation. The 
final scorepad records a tie: Brooklyn 14, Suburbia 14. 

Children of Dr. William A. DeLong and Janet W. Gillies 
JOSEPH JACKSON DeLONG. The first of Joseph DeLongs grandchildren, 
he was born May 20, 1860. On April 29, 1885. at the Church of the Holy 
Spirit. New York (since 1890, All Souls) he married 22-year-old Henrietta 
Augusta Dingee. She was the daughter of Henrietta and Henry A. Dingee 
of 130 East 61st Street, an oil producer at 254 Water Street (1879). The 
DeLongs moved to a townhouse on 1 15th Street off Fifth Avenue. A wedding 
gift of Mr. Dingee, the upper East Side brownstone then stood in a residential 
suburb for the well-to-do. They later lived on Brooklyn's Dean Street, and 
from 1906, in the West End-Riverside Drive area, and at a summer home 
on Fisher's Island, New York. 

Lt. George W. DeLong had dinner with his cousin Will and family shortly 
before the explorer sailed for the Arctic. George wanted to sign on 18- 
year-old Joseph as cabin boy. But his mother objected strenuously — and 
effectively since Joe stayed home.- 

A cotton yarn manufacturer's agent, Joseph was a partner in DeLong & 
Whitaker, 128 Pearl Street (1889) and DeLong & Carroll, 294 Monroe 
Street (1899). Later he organized his own firm, Joseph J. DeLong. Inc., 
at 265 Fourth Avenue. In 1902 Joseph invented and patented a window 
shade roller bracket — "a cheap, neat and simple holder for the most 
unskillful user to apply " to window frames. 

An enthusiastic sportsman and hunter, Joseph was a member of the 
New York Athletic and Marine & Field Clubs. In 1902 he went to hunt bull 
moose in the wilds of French Canada. On a dark, still night Joseph and his 
guide canoed up stream. Joe spotted two luminous spots and aimed his 
Winchester Model 86. He pulled the trigger and heard a commotion in the 
trees. Then all was quiet. He had missed. The bullet went straight through 
an alder branch near the bank. 



72 



"Then I heard a peculiar two or three grunts." Joe recalled "There stood 
a 10.000-pound beast with antlers stretching 20 yards apart and two green 
spots between them I fired twice The moose crossed the stream, and I 
fired again as he emerged on the bank A minute later we paddled to a big 
SIX- or seven-year-old gray moose We lifted the head clear of the water 
and measured the antlers - 47 inches with 18 points — a very symmetrical, 
beautiful specimen, which was hard to leave until morning even though 
it was midnight Back at camp. I slept that night like a pirate ' 

Joseph died in New York. June 22. 1921, his wife less than a month later, 
on July 18 at Fisher s Island (Kensico. Valhalla, NY). 

LIZZIE W. DeLONG. Born in Brooklyn, July 24. 1862. Died there suddenly 
July 7. 1886 Not married (CH). 

EDWARD SHERIDAN DeLONG. He was born New Years Eve. 1865. and 
given his middle name in honor of Civil War hero. Gen. Philip Sheridan. 
Edward married (1) Grace Alice Whitman, daughter of l\/1artin I. and Alice 
Clark Whitman The ceremony was conducted by the Rev. Dr. Patterson of 
Detroit s Westminster Presbyterian Church on September 8. 1894 Grace 
was born in Chicago, March 27, 1872 and died m Philadelphia. July 22. 1928 
(Graceland. Chicago). 

A wool merchant, Edward was a partner in DeLong & Coffin at 35 
Warren Street. New York, in the early 1890s The firm moved to Philadelphia 
before the turn of the century and soon became one of the largest wool 
and hair manufacturing companies of its kind in Pennsylvania, with offices 
at 108 Chestnut Street Edward served as president of the firm until his 
death. November 12, 1931, at his home in Cynwyd. Pa. (CH). Two years 
earlier, on September 10, he married (2) fVlargaret Nelson Wilson, a 43-year- 
old widow and a daughter of fVIargaret and Samuel Nelson. The DeLongs 
were wed at St Anne's Cathedral in Belfast, No. Ireland, the brides home. 
Margaret was a practical nurse and died m Germantown. Pa., about 1950 
MARY AGNES DeLONG. Born July 13. 1868. she married George Henry 
Harman, on November 2, 1892. The couple were joined in marriage by the 
Rev. J. Henry Darlington of Christ Church, Brooklyn, who became in 1905 
Bishop of Harrisburg, Pa. 

George Harman, a Brooklyn lawyer for 46 years and a member of 
Harman & Curtis, 189 Montague Street, was born October 5. 1867. The son 
of George and Catherine Mange Harman, he studied law in the office of 
Supreme Court Justice Frederick A. Ward and later succeeded to his 
practice. He also went into partnership with Leone D. Howell, longtime 
Surrogate of Nassau County. Harman died in Brooklyn, January 4, 1934. 

The Harmans first lived m Bensonhurst (1893), and for many years, at 
170 Bainbridge Street. In the early 1930s, they settled at Lloyd Neck. L.I. 

An accomplished pianist and member of the Chiropean Club. Mary 



73 



Harman gave frequent at-home musicales for family and close friends. 
She died at Lloyd Harbor Village, July 3, 1951 (CH). 

Children of Joseph DeLong, Jr. and Annie E. Anderton 
ELIZABETH DeLONG. Born September 4, 1868, Brooklyn. Died September 
21, 1868 (CH). 

MARY SOPHIA DeLONG. The eldest of Joseph, Jr.'s ten surviving chil- 
dren, she was born September 15, 1870. On March 8, 1886 in Brooklyn, 
she married Charles Francis Wilson, son of Katherine (1834-1926) and 
John Wilson (1831-1912). He was born in Brooklyn in July, 1863. 

The Wilsons moved from Brooklyn to Montclair, N.J., in 1892, and for 
more than 50 years lived at 44 Christopher Street. In 1887 Charles joined 
the certification department of the Hanover Bank, New York, and he retired 
in 1927. He was a member of Montclair Lodge 144, F. & A.M.; Knights 
Templar, and the Royal Arcanum of Brooklyn. 

Mary and Charles were married nearly 69 years. He died in Montclair, 
January 20, 1955. At her death there, March 14, 1959, she held the longest 
membership (67 years) in Grace Presbyterian Church (EV). 
MATILDA CARPENTER DeLONG. Born July 8, 1871, she was married by 
the Rev. J. D. Wells to George E. Miller, June 6, 1894, at 93 Taylor 
Street. Miller, born in Brooklyn in 1871, was a promising junior executive 
with Jones & Laughlin Iron Co. of New York. At age 29 he died of typhoid, 
December 3, 1900, at his home in Ridgewood, N.J. 

Matilda, a member of the South Third Street Church since 1887, later 
studied nursing and graduated from the L.I. College School for Nurses. At 
the time of her death, August 14, 1918, she and her daughter Alice were 
living at 1819 Beverly Road (CH). 

THOMAS ANDERTON DeLONG. Born May 31, 1875, he attended Brooklyn 
Preparatory School, run by Headmaster Charles H. Carpenter at Fulton 
and Flatbush Avenue. Thomas worked for Julius DeLong & Co. and his 
father's firm (at $5 a week) during the 1890s. In 1905 he became accountant 
for Wm. Bradley & Co., marble importers and contractors. Long Island City, 
and retired as treasurer 35 years later at the beginning of World War II. 

On March 18, 1903, Thomas married Florence Siegman, daughter of Mary 
Ellen Hewitt (1848-1914) and Aaron Siegman (1845-1910), an electrical light- 
ing expert.* The Rev. N. W. Wells officiated at the 277 South Third Street 
parsonage. The bride, attended by sister Lauretta Siegman, was born in 
Brooklyn, March 11, 1876. The DeLongs lived at 537 Kosciusko Street and 
862 Knickerbocker Avenue, and later in Queens until 1918 when they 
bought a rustic frame house at "Frederick's Farms," Smithville South, L.I. 

* He installed the first incandescent lighting in The White House during the Administration of 
President Chester Alan Arthur, as well as lighting fixtures in the Vanderbilt mansions on Fifth 
Avenue, for Niblo's Gardens and other theatres, and in a number of leading art galleries. 
Brooklyn Times. Feb. 19, 1910. 



74 



(now No Bellmore). There he raised chickens as an avocation and for most 
of the next 30 years devoted much effort to the diagnosis and treatment of 
fowl viruses. 

At age 67 in 1942 — perhaps inspired by Broadway's Life with Father — 
he was baptized at nearby St. f^ark s Church. Thomas died at home. 
February 27, 1947, Florence, on October 7, 1947 (Greenfield. Hempstead. L.I.). 
GEORGE WASHINGTON DeLONG, II. Born December 20. 1877. George, 
like his namesake, married an Emma and their daughter came close to 
bearing the name of the explorer's ship. She was named Janet. Young 
George's courtship was brief. He met Emma Burns, one of seven daughters 
of John Burns of 380 Grand Street, shortly before Christmas. 1892. They 
eloped to New York on January 2 and were married. She was 16 years old; 
he, 15 years. Two days later, when the groom returned home to be for- 
given, he received a less-than-enthusiastic welcome. The fatted calf was 
not killed. Joseph. Jr., who had employed son George, declined to talk 
about the elopement, and only said "the boy has been very foolish, and he 
must suffer for it."'' 

George and Emma, who was born August 20. 1876, in New York, had a 
long married life — 58 years. They lived at 49 Meserole Street (1901) and 
later 1583 Bushwick Avenue (1931). For a number of years George worked 
as a stone and marble cutter. He died at Flushing. NY.. March 19, 1951; 
Emma DeLong. on April 23. 1957 (Maple Grove, Kew Gardens, NY.) 
ANNA ELIZABETH DeLONG. Born June 20. 1880. she never married and 
lived most of her life with her parents at 60 Devoe. Upon the death of 
Joseph. Jr.. in 1931. she inherited the Williamsburg house. A member of 
the South Third Street Church (1897), she worked as a stenographer. She 
died from second degree burns from a fire at 189 Meserole Street on March 
21, 1942. (CH). 

JULIUS DeLONG, II. Born March 25, 1883, and baptized a year later at 
the South Third Street Church, he married Charlotte Leidolph. Her birth- 
place and date: Brooklyn, July 10, 1886. Her parents were Gustave and 
Charlotte Schwab Leidolph. The DeLongs lived for many years on 179th 
Street, Jamaica, Queens. She died there on October 27, 1953. Julius, a 
lithographer, died ten days later, on November 6 (CH). 
MARTHA WASHINGTON DeLONG. She was born on Washington's Birth- 
day, 1886, joined the Rev. N. W. Wells' Church in 1903, and m 1904 
married Jesse E. Stafford. A semi-pro baseball player and house painter, 
he was born in Brooklyn, January 1 1 , 1884, and the son of Thomas and Emily 
Rheinhardt Stafford. From 1912-15 they kept house for Father at 62 Devoe, 
and later lived at 264 Woodbine (1924) and in Bellerose. L.I. Jesse died 
in Jamaica. May 2, 1955; Martha there on October 22, 1957 (CH). 
CHARLES DeLONG. Born May 20, 1888, he served as a private with the 



75 



305th Infantry, A.E.F., in France during World War I. In 1918, while stationed 
at Camp Upton, L.I., he joined the South Street Church. A lifelong resident 
of the Eastern District and a building superintendent, Charles married Emma 
Shaw, the daughter of Charles and Emma Jones Shaw. She was born No- 
vember 24, 1893 and died February 23, 1957 (CH); Charles, on De- 
cember 30, 1958, at 172 Jackson Street (Nat. Cem., Pinelawn, L.I.). 
ALICE DeLONG. Born April 1, 1892, she lived on Devoe Street for nearly 
50 years. She was a member of the South Third Street parish (1914) and 
was married by the Rev. N. W. Wells on March 2, 1912 to (1) Frederick 
V. C. Witte, a sometime performer in vaudeville. They were divorced in 
1915. On February 15, 1923 Alice wed (2) 33-year-old Silas Daniel Moore 
of 155 Ainslie Street. He was the son of Martha A. and Jesse Daniel 
Moore, who was appointed by President Harding as U.S. Marshal for Brook- 
lyn and Long Island (1922-30). Republican leader of Brooklyn's 13th A.D., 
Jesse served as a Kings County Sheriff and Alderman in the early 1900s. 
His son Silas was N.Y.C. Commissioner of Deeds, 1923-25. He died in 
Brooklyn, April 22, 1940 (GW). 

Alice and Sy bought Father's 62 Devoe Street house at the time of their 
marriage. When Alice sold the dwelling in the early '40s, a 70-year occupancy 
by DeLongs in one or more of the three (Nos. 60, 62, 66) Devoe Street 
houses ended. 

On August 26, 1941 Alice married at Brooklyn (3) Henry J. Kleinpeter, 
a widower with two children, Eleanor and Henry, Jr. Born June 22, 1894 
in Brooklyn, Henry , Sr., served in the U.S. Army, 1917-20, and worked as 
a chauffeur. The Kleinpeters lived in Forest Hills, N.Y., where Alice died 
March 3, 1971 (Mt. Olivet, Maspeth, L. I.). 

LUCILLE DeLONG. Born at 62 Devoe, September 26, 1893, she married 
Fred Steininger, June 14, 1922, in New York. He was born there, August 
10, 1892 and the son of William and Louise Steininger. A World War I 
Navy enlistee, he was an office manager. Fred died August 9, 1956 at 
Bellerose, L.I., the Steininger home since 1929 (EV). 

Children of John DeLong and Emma Rowland 
THEODORE JOSEPH DeLONG. Born August 9, 1873, he worked as a 
printer and artist on Munsey's Magazine. About 1915 he left Flatbush and 
settled in Toledo, Ohio, where he married Emma E. Southard, daughter of 
James T. and Eliza Fisher Southard. She was born January 14, 1868 in 
Toledo and died May 13, 1954. Theodore, a member of Toledo Lodge No. 
144, F. & A.M., died without issue, December 6, 1927 at age 54 (Woodlawn, 
Toledo). 

WILLIAM DAVID DeLONG. He was in the real estate business (1899) 
and later secretary of the Bergen Beach Gun Club and Midget Squadron 



76 



Yacht Club Born November 23. 1874. he was crippled for 35 years and 
lived most of his life on East 72nd Street. Bergen Beach. He died there 
unmarried on April 25, 1940 (CH), 

JOHN DeLONG, JR. Born December 5, 1876. he managed The Bank Chop 
House, a restaurant on Fulton Street in the early 1900s, and held a like job 
with the Herald Square Hotel from 1911-21. He died, age 44. at Bergen 
Beach on May 16, 1921. He married Agnes Josephine Johnson about 1905 
and they lived at 80 Bond Street. She was born in Sweden. July 2. 1883. 
and died at Poughkeepsie. NY.. fVlay 20, 1964 (CH). 

HARRIET EMMA DeLONG. Known as "Aunt Hat" or "Cassy." she was 
born July 28, 1879 Before her marriage to J. Albert Cass on June 26. 1907 
(with the expeditious Rev. Woolsey Wells discharging his customary duties), 
she worked for Abraham & Straus, who gave as their wedding present, a 
bed set. The Casses first lived at Bergen Beach where they kept a sailboat 
on Jamaica Bay. 

About 1920, they moved to Saugerties in Ulster County. N.Y. There, and 
at nearby Woodstock, Al Cass ran a plumbing and heating business. He 
died about 1927, and "Aunt Hat" soon returned to Brooklyn. Although she 
had no children of her own. she raised a succession of foster children. 
She died at Kings Park. L.I., July 31. 1949 (CH). 

JANET FLORENCE DeLONG. Died two days after birth on December 3. 
1888 (CH). 

Children of Mary L. DeLong and John B. MacKinnon 
WILLIAM LOUIS MacKINNON. Born November 21, 1868. he was baptized 
(with brother John and sister Florence) by the Rev. J. Wells on September 
23. 1876. Will was a member of the Eastern District's Fraternity Council of 
the Royal Arcanum, and Calvary Episcopal Church (1884). About 1890 he 
married Anna Burbank Twing. daughter of the Church rector. Born in Troy. 
N.Y.. July 23. 1869. she came to Brooklyn in 1885 when her father, the 
Rev. Cornelius Leighton Twing. was called to Calvary, then at Marcy Avenue 
and South 9th Street. The Rev. Twing (1836-1905) was born in Burlington. 
Vt., and served in 1861 with the Union troops from Troy-Lansingburg, N.Y. 
He later became one of the foremost New York churchmen of his day and 
held high offices in the Knights Templar, Masons, and Royal Arcanum. 
He married Hannah Curran (1837-1898) in 1858. His second marriage was 
to Abigail L. Collins in 1900 at Troy. 

Will and Anna MacKinnon lived at the Rectory. 185 Marcy, early in their 
marriage. Will, employed by Standard Oil at 26 Broadway, joined in 1905 
the Atlantic Refining Co. as a department head in Philadelphia. He commuted 
from a home in Palmyra. N.J. Will died there on January 5. 1915 at age 46 
(EV). Anna soon moved to Sarnia, Ontario, where her sister, Ada, and 



77 



brother-in-law, George Henry Gabler (1877-1967), lived. George, too, had 
worked for Standard Oil in New York, and in 1911 joined Esso's Imperial 
Oil, Ltd., in Canada. About 1918 Anna married John Kerr of Palmyra. 
She died at Sarnia, February 18, 1934. 

FLORENCE LOUISE MacKINNON. Born October 29, 1870, she carried 
on the distaff Lopeses' bent to advance one's birthdate by a year or two — 
in this instance, four. She was married to Jefferson George Hanf by the 
Rev. I. V. W. Schenck at 175 Van Buren Street on April 28, 1892. Jeff, 
a native Williamsburger born August 31, 1869, became a woolen and textile 
mill representative with an office at 79 Fifth Avenue, New York (1912). His 
parents were Juliaand George Hanf, a clothier at 23 Centre Street, Manhattan. 

The young Hanfs lived at 62 Hooper (1893) and 632 Marcy (1901). 
About 1910 they bought 1257 Bergen Street, a large masonry townhouse 
in Crown Heights and their home for more than 50 years. During the 1920s 
and '30s they kept a summer place on the Sound in Huntington, L.I. 

Florence Hanf was a member of the Chiropean Club, Chaminad Choral 
Society, Women's Press Club, and St. Bartholomew's Episcopal Church. 
She also served on the Nurses Committee, Women's Board of the Church 
Charity Foundation. She died in her 90th year at Brooklyn, March 3, 1960; 
Jeff Hanf on April 2, 1944 (Shrub Oak, N.Y.). 

JOHN BOYD MacKINNON, JR. Born Christmas Eve, 1875, John — 5 feet 
6 inches with brown hair and eyes and a ruddy complexion — enlisted in 
Co. A, 47th Regiment, N.Y. Volunteer Infantry, when the Spanish-American 
War broke out. Twenty-two-year-old Private MacKinnon served in Puerto 
Rico from October 16, 1898 to March 4, 1899. His Regiment occupied the 
island after encountering minor enemy opposition. 

His first job was as office boy for John D. Rockefeller at Standard 
Oil in New York. He worked briefly in Seattle, Wash., for the Boston & 
Alaska Iron Co., and in the early 1900s, at the Brooklyn Navy Yard as a 
painter. On April 5, 1922 at the Jersey City City Hall, he married Margaret 
Mary O'Neill Zoeller. She was born in New York, April 5, 1889. Her parents 
were William Joseph and Katherine Mooney O'Neill. The MacKinnons 
lived in the Eastern District — on Ten Eyck Street (1924), Heyward (1931), 
and Rutledge (1942). John died at Kings County Hospital, January 2, 1943 
(CH). Nineteen years later, on May 18, 1952, Margaret died in a car accident 
on Atlantic Avenue (St. John's, Middle Village. L. I.). 

Children of Mary L. DeLong and Joseph B. Philson 
JAMES DeLONG PHILSON. Born January 17, 1889, he graduated from 
Bordentown Military and Columbia University School of Mines '11. An 
engineer with the Public Service Commission, he joined Brooklyn's Troop C 
of the National Guard (1914-17). He married on March 1, 1916, at St. 



78 



Gregory's, Anna Mane Ronan. The Rev Bernard Quinn officiated. Anna 
was born in New York. January 3. 1891. and was the daughter of Thomas 
Joseph and Mary Josephine Salter Ronan of 1219 Bergen Street. Her father 
was founder and president of T.J. Ronan Co.. Inc.. Brooklyn paint and 
varnish manufacturers * 

The Philsons lived in Brooklyn until the early 1920s, and later Mount 
Vernon, NY They have lived in Pelham for more than 30 years. DeLong 
served as president of several Westchester construction firms: J. D. Philson. 
Inc.. and the DeLong Roofing Co.. Inc. (1931), and is a member of the 
Larchmont Shore. Pelham Country, and NY. Athletic clubs. 

Children of Kate DeLong and Joseph Hatch 
WILLIE DeLONG HATCH. Born March. 1873. Died May. 1874, Brooklyn 
(CM) 

STEPHEN S. HATCH. Born May, 1882. Died August, 1882, Brooklyn (CM). 
SOUTHMAYD HATCH. Naval engineer and model ship builder, he was 
born December 31, 1884. He studied naval architecture with shipbuilder 
George Cook and later worked for Curtiss Aviation. About 1918 he joined 
Socony-Vacuum Oil Company, New York, where he supervised internal 
combustion operations. Southmayd lived at 1314 Union Street (1928) and 
Flushing. L. I. 

In June, 1905 he married (1) Agnes Livingston, daughter of Walter F. 
Livingston. She was born February 7, 1885 and died May 10. 1949 in 
New Canaan, Conn., where the Hatches moved in 1947. He later married 
(2) Claudia M. Ivanoff, and died without issue in Norwalk, Conn., October 
26. 1951 (Riverside, Norwalk). 

Southmayd was a Mason (Montauk Lodge) and a member of the Society 
of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers (1917-51) and Ship Lore and 
Model Club (Brooklyn Yard). In the early 1930s he made a scale model of 
Commander DeLong's Jeannette, built from a photograph taken at Havre, 
France, in July, 1878 and the British Admiralty plans drawn up in 1859 (the 
Jeannette was a Ranger Class gunboat prior to her service as the Pandora). 
Precise in every detail, the model was sought by Annapolis and other 
marine museums and collectors. The glass case enclosing the ship contained 
a piece of the Expedition's original flag, a gift from Emma DeLong.^ 
CLARA ADELE HATCH. Born March 9, 1888, she was married by the Rev. 
E. F. Wilcox to Arthur Rochester Macy at St. George's, April 28, 1909. 
The son of Homer C. and Eliza Rochester Pitkin Macy. he was born in 
Utica, N.Y., January 18, 1880, and spent much of his youth in Hudson, 
N.Y. An office machines salesman, he sang with the choir of Cathedral of 
St. John the Divine near his home in New York for a number of years. 

* An expert color grinder and specialist in paint specifications. T. J. Ronan (1859-192S) is credited 
with having perfected the official fire department red and U.S. Navy gray colors. Eagle, Mar. 2. 1929. 



79 



The Macys later lived in Englewood and Teaneck, N.J. Clara died October 
12, 1946 at Jackson Heights, N.Y.; her husband, on September 29, 1952 at 
Wantagh, L. I. (Riverside, Norwalk). 

FRANK DAVIS HATCH. He was born June 30, 1890. A member of the 
South Third Street Church (1905), he served in the U. S. Air Corps, 1917-19. 
On July 17, 1920 he married Helen Barker at Norwalk, Conn. The daughter 
of Charles and Ida M. Merrill Barker, she was born in Pittsfield, Mass., 
August 31, 1895. 

Before and after World War I, he worked for Hatch & Bailey Lumber in 
Connecticut. In the late 1920s the Hatches moved to Southern California 
where Frank became a building contractor in Orange County. He built and 
owned a number of offices and shops in Laguna Beach, and lived on Balboa 
Island. At the time of his death on October 28, 1962, he resided in Palm 
Desert (Newport Beach, Calif.). 

JANET DeLONG HATCH. Born January 24. 1893, she was married at 
home on Christmas Day, 1 91 1 . The groom was (1 ) Leo N. McDowell, of Holly- 
wood, Calif., son of John H. and Ida Petteys McDowell. A real estate 
broker, he was born January 8, 1890 in Kansas City, Mo., and died in 1950 
at Long Beach, Calif. She married (2) O. Jay Schumacher (1888- May. 
1968) a nurseryman. Janet lived in the Los Angeles area from 1912 to her 
death on October 15, 1969 in Santa Monica. One of the first of Joseph 
DeLong's line to settle in the West, she made few trips to Brooklyn and 
observed many years later that "when one comes so far from the East you 
sort of lose contact with cousins."^ 

Children of Julius DeLong and Sara M. Hillary 
LYDIE ADELE DeLONG. Born August 19, 1878, she became an outstand- 
ing pianist by her early teens, and for a number of years accompanied 
the Chiropean Carol Club. On October 24, 1900 she married Conrad Gerhard 
Moller, Jr., son of Mary Anne L. Hoeft and Conrad G. Moller (1837-1901). 
He was born in Brooklyn, February 15, 1879, studied at Polytechnic Institute, 
and was a member of the Hanover Club (1900). 

Their wedding at All Souls Church was attended by more than 1.200 
guests — one of the largest in the history of Brooklyn^ — and reminded 
one newspaper reporter of the magnificence attending the marriage of an 
American heiress and a foreign nobleman.^ The church was thronged and the 
line of carriages almost endless. Sixteen policemen and ten attendants in 
private livery were needed to give the necessary assistance to the guests 
as they arrived. The elaborate decorations included arches of pink roses 
spanning the center aisle, and as the bride walked toward the chancel, the 
Chiropean Carol Club burst into the wedding march from "Lohengrin." 
The Rev. John Coleman Adams of All Souls officiated. The reception was 



80 



held at the Joseph Knapp Mansion. 554 Bedford Avenue (built in 1894 by 
the president of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Co.). A supper was served 
for ten sittings of 200 guests each, beginning at 10 o'clock Dancing to the 
music of two orchestras highlighted the nuptial celebration. 

The Mollers first lived at 222 South Ninth Street. In 1904 they moved 
to New Canaan, Conn., and played an active role in local business, social 
and political circles for 30 years. During the 1920s and '30s, Connie Moller 
served as chairman of the Republican Town Committee and Lydie was a 
member of the Republican State Central Committee from Connecticut's 
26th Senatorial district. Moller, whose family controlled flour mills, sugar 
refineries and shipping lines in New York and Brooklyn, developed entrepre- 
nurial interests in and around New Canaan. For a time he operated 
the Do-More Soap Company, which produced a high-quality soap he had 
developed. In 1929, with his sons, he organized Northeastern Airways, 
and served as president of the line when it expanded to the Bridgeport 
Airport. 

He also served as director of the Keystone Company, and in 1933 helped 
to form a syndicate (along with brother-in-law Carll Kellogg) to develop 
British Columbia gold and silver mining properties known as the Dynamo 
Mines.' 

In 1934 the Mollers acquired a large farm at Middletown, Conn. Their 
"Paradise Ranch" included a mile of shorefront on the Connecticut River. 
Connie Moller died there March 20, 1938 — "a good, sincere and sacrificing 
type of man . . . held in high esteem, almost reverence . . . ."'" 

Lydie moved to Orange, Conn., in the 1950s, and died in Somerville. 
N. J., February 14, 1964 at age 85. (Lakeview. New Canaan). 
HENRIETTA ETHEL DeLONG. Born February 8, 1885, she graduated 
Packer Collegiate Institute '04 (founded in 1845 as the Brooklyn Female 
Academy). Ethel was married to (1) Paul Rowley by the Rev. John Coleman 
Adams at 160 Ross Street on April 3, 1907. The son of Edwin C. and 
Cornelia Paul Rowley, he was born in Hudson. N.Y., April 10, 1880. and 
died in Brooklyn, April 20, 1941 (GW). Rowley attended Peekskill Military 
Academy and was vice president and director of the Keystone Company. 
In 1930 he joined Freeborn & Co., New York insurance firm. He served as 
trustee of All Souls (1924-41) and held memberships in Crescent Athletic 
and Apollo Clubs. The Rowleys lived for many years at 289 Stratford 
Road. Flatbush. 

In 1952 Ethel married (2) William Ludlow Clow, a real estate broker. They 
lived at 23 Old Mamaroneck Avenue, White Plains, until his death there at age 
84 on August 25, 1969 (Hillside, Terryville. Conn.). Ethel subsequently 
moved to Lake Mahopac, where she had spent many summers since the 
turn of the century. 



81 



SARA EMMA DeLONG. The youngest of Julius DeLong's three daughters, 
Sara was born September 6, 1892. She studied at Packer Collegiate Institute 
with the class of 1911. In December of that year, the DeLongs' Albermarle 
Road home was the scene of a house dance to introduce debutante Sara. 
Wearing an Empire gown of lierre lace, she greeted 100 young guests in 
the poinsettia- and palm-lined foyer." A popular member of Brooklyn's 
younger set, she rode with the Riding and Driving Club and traveled to 
such pre-World War I events as the 1914 International Panama-Pacific 
Exposition at San Francisco. 

On November 8, 1916 at All Souls, with the Rev. Dr. A. Eugene 
Bartlett officiating, she wed Carll Irving Kellogg. He was born in Washington, 
DC, July 19, 1887 and a son of Lucretia Wealthy Orcutt and Charles Ira 
Kellogg ... "a grocer, a Unitarian and a Republican. "^^ qq^w was a Mason 
and member of the Ohio National Guard and Knickerbocker Field. For a 
number of years he was treasurer and director of the Keystone Company. 
During World War II Kellogg served on the Putnam County Selective Board 
and helped organize the Mahopac Hospital of which he was treasurer from 
1929-44. He died February 16, 1959 at Mahopac, New York (GW). 

After their marriage, the Kelloggs lived on Argyle Road and later in 
Larchmont, N.Y. By 1928 a summer house on the east shore of Lake Mahopac 
became their year-round residence. Long active in community organizations, 
they belonged to the Mahopac Golf, Curling, Garden, and Rotary Clubs. 



82 




Five generations of DeLongs at Father's 100th birthday, October 28, 1913 (left to right): 
Joseph DeLong, Jr., Mary DeL. Wilson, William Wilson Atkin, Dorcas Wilson Atkin, and 
Joseph DeLong, Sr. 





Joseph and Mary Lopes DeLong: a 66th 
wedding anniversary portrait, 1904 



Joseph DeLong, Sr , manager of Grmnell, 
Minturn & Co . 78 South Street, ca. 1868. 




Christ (DeLong's) Church, Bowers, re-built in 1901 on land given by Pieter and Eva 
DeLong in 1759. 




;? ^ 








The DeLong Farm at Bowers, Pa., where Pieter DeLong s descendants have lived for 
nearly 250 years 




<-Cw 




Capt William A DeLong, assistant 
surgeon, 77th NY Regiment, 1863-64. 



Kate DeLong Hatch, enterprising bathing 
corset and baby holder designer, 1870 




John and Emma Rowland DeLong of Bergen Beach celebrate their 50th wedding 
anniversary at Healy's, New York, 1921. 





Joseph DeLong, Jr. 
merchant, ca. 1905. 



South Street 



Julius DeLong — inventor, industrialist, 
churchnnan — at age 61. 




Four generations of DeLongs m 1902 Dr. William A.. Joseph. Sr.. and Edward 
Sheridan, Sr. and Jr. 




A family group of the 1890s (left to right), fvlary Lopes DeLong. her granddaughter 
Florence fVlacKinnon Hanf. great-grandson J. Willard Hanf, and daughter Mary DeL 
Philson. 





New Canaan pilots Fred Moller and Jim 
Haney beside a Parks biplane at Moller 
Field. 1930. 




«-.A^«*>.< "■■*■'■ "-^' i ftTr' iii n'ffr r i i iaBaiifcMMnkwii 

Catherine Greames DeLong and son 
George Washington. Daguerreotype by S. 
Holmes. New York. 1854. 




At a 1965 gathering of DeLong cousins in New York: Henrietta Harman (left). James 
DeLong Philson. and Sara DeL Kellogg. 




George Washington DeLong, naval officer Young Emma Wotton DeLong. explorers 
of the 1870s. wife. 




Emma deLong Mills (left) sponsors the destroyer, USS DeLong. at Camden. N J . m 
1918. as her mother, grandmother, and family friend. Amelia Clark (right), look on. 





Lydia DeLong Schaefer (1803-1900), a Educator Ethel deLong Zande with a Pine 
Williamsburgh matriarch. Mountain dulcimer. 





Heiress Edith Haggin DeLong, gem-erous The Hook & Eye DeLong, Frank E. — 
donor of the DeLong Ruby. world traveler and hometown benefactor. 



VIII 

PROGENY AD INFINITUM 



Only one of Father's great-grandchildren was not born m New York, 
Connecticut, Pennsylvania or New Jersey (2/3 claim Brooklyn) California- 
born Donald McDowell made his first trip East — and to Brooklyn — at age 
seven. The 49 adult DeLongs of this generation (at least five died before 
age 5) arrived in the 44-year span between 1887 and 1931. 

Thenumberof malegreat-grandchildren bearing the DeLong surname num- 
ber only eight, although there were 24 sons (and 25 daughters) Forty-five 
of the 49 married and 38 had issue for a grand total of 1 18 children, or 3 per 
individual. The largest family group to date numbers seven children. Seven 
of Father's great-grandchildren have married twice; two have wed thrice. 

This generation — several plateaus removed from the dominant Presby- 
terianism of Father's day — reveals a wider cross section of religious 
preferences. Less than 17% are Presbyterians. The largest number, 25%. 
are Episcopalians. Catholicism ranks high with almost 19%. Other Protestant 
denominations include Methodist (4%), Dutch Reform (4%), Lutheran (2%), 
and CongregatTbnal (2%). There is no information available on approximately 
25%. 

Thirteen served with the U.S. Military: Two in World War I; ten in World 
War II (including a WAC), and one — William DeL. Macy — in the Korean 
War. More than half enlisted in the Navy or Mannes. 

This generation was imbued with the story of George Washington DeLong 
and the Jeannette. Grandparents told them of Cousin George's youth, his 
outstanding naval career, and his attempt to reach the North Pole. They 
grew up well-versed in the saga of the Jeannette Expedition and its Com- 
mander. Perhaps it is one reason why many of this generation have been 
fascinated by the sea and boats — as yacht designers, model builders, 
naval officers and seamen, boat dealers and owners, and sea-going travelers. 

The next generation, too, has been nautically inclined, beginning with 
Joseph's first great-great-grandchild, William Atkm, born in 1913. Sixty 
years later, into the 1970s, the number of fifth-generation offspring continues 
to increase, as does the sixth generation, which first appeared in the 1940s. 
And today their children — the seventh generation — nears maturity. 

This century already has produced four generations and the descendants 
of Joseph DeLong nowencompass five living generations. Today, his progeny 
number in the hundreds. By the year 2000, they easily could total a thousand 
individuals, bearing many different surnames and living in far-flung locales — 
and undoubtedly more unaware than not of their ancestry and origins. 



83 



Children of Joseph Jackson DeLong and Henrietta A. Dingee 
I. JANET WARING DeLONG. Born in New York, November 3, 1887. she 
graduated Mary Burnham School, Northampton, Mass. On November 14, 
1912, she married in New York (1) Frank Gaius Burke, Jr., son of Frank G. 
(1859-1929) and Johanna Arrington Burke (1858-1941). He was born in Dal- 
las, Tex., in 1887, and graduated from Yale '09. Burke was a vice president 
and treasurerof the Manhattan Soap Company, a family enterprise founded 
in 1890 by his father. Its best known product was Sweetheart Soap. Young 
Burke joined the firm in 1910and, when in 1956 the company was acquired 
by Purex Corporation, he continued as a director and vice president. He 
was also a director of Haskins Bros. Co., Omaha, Neb. He died in Sarasota, 
Fla., December 29, 1963. 

Janet married (2) Neil Perry Cullom on January 12, 1922. He was born in 
New York, March 4, 1887 and died there March 26, 1963. A corporation 
lawyer, Cullom graduated from Vanderbilt '08 and Yale Law '11 (later 
class president), and was associated with DeForest Bros. (1912-15) and la- 
ter, DeForest. Cullom & Elder (1933-39), New York. He maintained a pri- 
vate practice from 1915 to 1933 and 1939 to 1963, and acted as counsel to 
Lever Bros., Lipton Tea. and Curtis Publishing. Neil Cullom served as direc- 
tor of the Unity Fire & General Insurance Co., and R. Hoe & Co., and 
chairman of the board, Crowell Corp. 

Janet, after the death of her father, became president of Jos. J. DeLong, 
Inc. (1922-31), of which Mr. Cullom was a director. She resided at 399 Park 
Avenue and 55 East 72nd Street, New York and in Bellport. L.I.. until 1968 
when she acquired "Sea Grapes" on St. James Bay. St. Thomas, V.I. 
1. FRANK GAIUS BURKE, III. One of the Caribbean's leading yacht bro- 
kers, he was born in New York, October 2, 1913. Educated at Pennsyl- 
vania Military Institute, he served in the U.S. Signal Corps from 1941- 
46. On October 24, 1942 at New York, Lt. Burke married (1) Suzanne 
Kip Wood, who was born in New York, April 1. 1916, and the daughter 
of Wilfred and Helen Barclay Wood. 

In the early 1960s Burke undertook a round-the-world trip on his Ston- 
ington motorsailer. Emily Morgan. At St. Thomas, Virgin Islands, the 
boat burned and sank, with Burke stranded on the beach with little more 
than a pair of shorts. There was little else to do, so he started a boat- 
chartering service. Founded in 1962 at Charlotte Amalie, Island Yachts, 
Inc., soon became the largest single-based charter service in the world 
with a fleet of 70 boats and a gross revenue of more than a million dol- 
lars annually from 1,000 crewed charters and 500 bare-boat charters 
each year.^ 

A descendant of Sir Francis Drake, who knew the Caribbean waters 
well, Burke, too, had his share of sea adventure. In 1967 he ordered a 



84 



specially-designed diesel sportfishing boat. The 43-foot "alpine" bow 
craft was built by Cheoy Lee in Hong Kong and shipped to Panama by 
the S.S. Japan in November. 1968. Burke couldn't get anyone to bring 
her to St. Thomas, and since the designer and Burke planned to sell these 
boats in some quantity, a 1.500-mile sea trial was mapped. Named the 
Jeannette. after Commander DeLong's Arctic vessel, the sport fisherman 
was launched at Cristobal, but soon developed an unexplainable knock 
in her transmission. After extensive overhauling, the boat set course for 
Cartagena, Colombia Nine hours later, one of the two crewmen dis- 
covered diesel spewing all over the bilge and the filter assembly gasket 
blown out Hasty, makeshift repairs were made from surplus material 
left by the mechanics at Panama. 

"We didn't really know what was the matter, but we knew we were 
hundreds of miles from nowhere off a primitive, deserted coast. " Burke 
recalled. "With a permanent engine failure, odds were high we'd never 
get to Cartagena alive. "^ 

Then stormy seas added to the Jeannette's dilemma. Running over six 
feet, the grey, white-capped sea. together with a 20-knot wind, kept boat 
speed at 12-15 knots. Oil covered the cockpit, the boat was drenched, 
and the radio went out. Twenty-four hours later the boat limped into 
Cartagena harbor for refueling and a search for more gasket material. 

The following morning the Jeannette pulled anchor for the northern 
coast of Colombia. As she started inshore toward the great mud fan of 
the Magdalena delta, the boat encountered a tremendous seagoing cur- 
rent at the river's mouth. 

"What was flat calm one moment turned into a nightmare the next." 
Burke said. "Within seconds we were committed to heaving horror-huge 
lumps of water, not waves, unbelievably high and 30 to 40 feet apart. 
Being the disposal unit of north-central South America, it was pure mud 
and full of sunken logs, sharks and piranha." 

The Jeannette was virtually over-whelmed, with her eight feet of free- 
board at the bow submerged as she entered each great mound of water 
at a minimum speed of four knots. 

"There was nothing to do but stick with it and prayerfully forge ahead. 
I honestly didn't think we were going to make it. But gradually we 
worked toward the knife-sharp line between the muddy waters and the 
clear blue sea, and when we crossed it I could have died in relief at 
having made it in one piece." 

Before the voyage ended, the formidable Jeannette faced more rough 
sea (14' chops with 30' between crests), primitive, sinister coastal 
Indians (who had stripped clean a stranded freighter), and engine failure 
20 miles off Aruba (a fuel line blocked with oakum). At Orangestadt 



85 



Burke telephoned his office. His cables from Colombia hadn't arrived; 
an air/sea search was about to get underway as the 48-hour, pre- 
arranged deadline had passed. The stormy, 650-mile trip from Aruba to 
St. Thomas was the longest, wettest voyage Burke had ever made. He still 
feared that the engine would cut out any minute and that he'd be drifting 
back to barren South America. As the Jeannette entered Charlotte 
Amalie, it seemed as if the entire yacht basin had turned out. Mechanics 
soon diagnosed the engine problem — oakum in the fuel line filter assem- 
bly and pressure valve causing successive filter gaskets to blow. Both 
ship and crew came through intact. Today the spartan Jeannette fishes 
the rough offshore waters out of the Virgin Islands and is much appreci- 
ated by those who go to sea in her. 

President of Island Yachts from 1962-70, Frank Burke married (2) 
Ann Garratt Henderson at St. Thomas, March 17, 1963. From an empty 
wood and chickenwire boat locker, Burke's firm grew in eight years to 
one of the largest crewed and bareboat charter fleets in the hemisphere 
— his Yacht Haven offices and maintenance shop decidedly successful. 
Frank was stricken with cancer in 1970 and died a year later on June 8 
in Washington, D.C. 

ROBERT ARRINGTON BURKE. Founder and general manager of Ad- 
vance Resin Products, Inc., he was born in New York, April 23, 1915. 
A graduate of Princeton '38, where he was captain of the varsity hockey 
team, Burke served with the Field Artillery, U.S. Army, 1 942-46. He spent 
three years with the 24th Division in the Southwest Pacific and held 
the rank of captain. 

On February 21. 1947 in Brooklyn, he married Dorothy Raegener 
Burns. The daughter of Dorothy R. Mott and Robert Burns, she 
was born there September 24, 1920. She attended Vassar '42, and 
during World War II served as a Gray Lady at Gen. Halloran Hospital, 
Staten Island. Burke held managerial posts with Federal Air Freight 
Co., Inc., before founding ARP in 1960. The South Norwalk, Conn., 
chemetal firm has developed techniques for producing decorative oxi- 
dation reactions on large sheets of copper, brass and other copper 
alloys. It also manufactures laminations of very thin sheets on metal 
over a variety of substrates (i.e. kraft paper) creating new materials 
for interior design, such as room dividers, table tops and lamp bases. 
The decorative covering is applied like wallpaper with normal tech- 
niques, tools and adhesives.^ Burke's ARP, Inc., was a leader in formu- 
lating processes for casting table tops, counters, wall panels and tile 
using polyester resins and marble chips, slice or dust aggregates. 

For many years Burke was a member of the Racquet and Tennis 
Club and St. Nicholas Hockey Club in New York. His clubs today 



86 



include the National Golf Links of America, Quogue. L.I.. Field & 
Beach clubs, and The Country Club of New Canaan, Conn., where 
he has a home. 
A. DOROTHY RAEGENER BURKE. Born February 11. 1948. New York 
Univ. of Pennsylvania 70. Enrolled for a Masters in Occupational 
Therapy at NYU From 1970-71, with Children's Television Work- 
shop, which created the successful Sesame Street series in 1969. 
B BARBARA BURKE. Born December 15. 1951, New York Attend- 
ed Duke Univ. and Univ. of Pennsylvania "73. 
C ROBERT ARRINGTON BURKE, JR. Born April 14, 1953, New York. 
3 BARBARA BURKE. Born in New York. March 24, 1917, she attended 
Miss Porters School and Cours Fenelon, Pans. During World War II 
she enlisted in the WAC and served, 1942-46. as a Captain, stationed 
for two years at Orlando. Fla.. with the AAF. An artist, she lives in 
Washington, D. C. 

On June 7, 1946 at Thomasville, Ga., Barbara married Reade Franklin 
Tilley, Jr. The son of R. F. and Caroline Beck Tilley, he was born in 
Clearwater, Fla., March 15, 1918. A major in the AAF, he was a fighter 
pilot in the Royal Canadian Air Force in 1940, a member of the 121st 
Eagle Squadron of the RAF, and holder of the British Distinguished Fly- 
ing Cross and Canadian C.V.S.R. Medal. He served in the African and 
Malta campaigns. For 18 months, from April, 1941, Capt. Tilley was on 
every sortie made by his squadron in the Malta action and on three 
occasions, although he had run out of ammunition, drove off enemy 
fighters attempting to shoot up British fighters as they landed. 

Children of Edward S. DeLong, Sr. and Grace A. Whitman 
I. ALICE RANDOLPH DeLONG. A registered nurse in Philadelphia from 
1947-69. she trained there at Women's Medical College. Born in Detroit, 
Mich., August 10, 1895, Alice also studied music and taught voice at 
schools in Connecticut and Pennsylvania. She married Joseph Charles 
Stadtler in Philadelphia, April 27, 1935. He is an artist and was born at 
Red Hill, Bucks Co., Pa., May 22, 1905. His parents were Adelaide Evans 
and Florian Joseph Stadtler. 
II EDWARD SHERIDAN DeLONG, JR. Born at Cynwyd, Pa , August 
27, 1901, he was, early in his career, a wool merchant and importer with 
his father's firm in Philadelphia. He married (1) Eva Aline Gantert on 
May 3, 1924 at Overbrook, Pa. The daughter of Gustave Hilton and Eva 
Carpenter Gantert. she was born in Philadelphia, July 16, 1903. A U.S. 
Army major in World War II, Edward served in the African and European 
theatres, and was decorated in France by Gen. de Gaulle. 
Divorced in 1947, that year he wed (2) Marie Emilie Kaare Vigtel in 



87 



Oslo, Norway. She was born in Holle, Norway, September 21, 1914. They 
later settled on a small farm in Pennsylvania's Montgomery County at 
North Wales and near Ambler. Edward headed DeLong Associates, a wool 
company in Philadelphia, and was connected with Phelps Bros., Sellers- 
ville. Pa. His gentleman-farmer chores included raising a large vegetable 
garden. In the spring of 1956, while operating a hand tractor, he suffered 
a fatal heart attack on Sunday, April 22. A member of Philadelphia's 
Sons of the Revolution (1928-40) and a Mason, Edward is buried at 
DeLong's Church, Bowers, Pa. 

1. BARBARA ALINE DeLONG. Born in Philadelphia, April 21, 1925. 
Attended Beaver College, Jenkintown, Pa. Married October 18, 1952, 
Whitemarsh, Pa., to William Hawkes, Jr. He was born in Marblehead, 
Mass., September 16, 1921, and the son of William and Mary Russell 
Peach Hawkes. A north shore boatman and maker of hand-fabricated 
cannons, he served with the U.S. Army, 1942-45, through the Normandy 
invasion and three other European campaigns. Barbara is a staff assist- 
ant in education for Grace Episcopal Church, Salem, Mass. 

2. ELIZABETH JANE DeLONG. A registered nurse, who trained at Chest- 
nut Hill Hospital School of Nursing in Philadelphia, she was born there 
July 19, 1929 and later lived in Ambler, Pa. On June 9, 1952 at Upper 
Marlboro, Md., she married (1) Nathan Clyde Fickin (div. 1955). Betty 
Jane wed (2) Lt. Harold Vincent Vossler of the U.S. Air Force, December 
31, 1956 in Greenville, Miss. They were divorced in 1962. The following 
year, on July 6 at Beverly, Mass., she. married (3) Harry Francis 
Simmons. The son of Stephen Henry and Ellen Theresa Canty Simon, 
he was born in Salem, Mass., July 22, 1916. He owns Simmons Heat 
Treating Co., Beverly; is chairman of the local Waterfront Advisory 
Committee, and past commodore of North East Surf Patrol (1969-71). 
He is a Mason (Liberty Lodge) and Shriner (Aleppo Temple). Betty 
Jane is a life member of Diana Chapter, O.E.S., and an active Girl 
Scout leader. 

A ANDREA LEE SIMMONS (nSe Vossler). Born April 30, 1960, Stam- 
ford, Conn. 

3. EDWARD SHERIDAN DeLONG, III. Born August 31, 1947, Oslo, Nor- 
way. 

4. INGRID MARIE DeLONG. Born September 13, 1949, Ft. Meade, Md. 
Married Terje Bjorn Grimshei in Oslo, February 22, 1969. Son of Anna 
Faaberg and Bjarne Grimshei. Born October 5, 1940 in Oslo, where 
Ingrid has lived since age seven and attended college. Terje manages 
his own printing company and has won medals for competitive ski 
racing and jumping. 

A CHRISTIAN PETER GRIMSHEI. Born July 23, 1971, Oslo. 



88 



Children of Mary Agnes DeLong and George H. Harman 

I. HENRIETTA HARMAN. Born in Brooklyn, January 3. 1894. she lived at 
170 Bainbridge in the early 1900s and later made her home in Huntington, 
L.I., for 40 years. "A very pleasing young violinist," she performed 
many a Chopin nocturne and Schubert sonata at recitals/ Hetty graduated 
from Adelphi Academy '13. the oldest (1863) coeducational private school 
in Brooklyn. 

A fashion designer and analyst, she was associated with the Costume 
Design Division of Pratt Institute as an instructor and later division 
chairman. During World War II, Miss Harman predicted that limitations 
placed upon dress designers by Government regulations would prove 
more stimulating than otherwise to the future of the American dress 
industry. "National taste in women's clothes, " she pointed out, "has 
been often influenced by businessmen who are more concerned with 
'something different' than something really well designed. Nearly two 
years after the first fine frenzy of enthusiasm for the golden opportunity 
of American designers, there is a growing demand by the trade for 
schools which will adequately teach the essentials of good design. "' 

II. WILLIAM WINTHROP HARMAN. An industrial manager, he was born 
in Brooklyn, November 14. 1897. and attended Adelphi Academy and 
Ohio Northern University. After service in the U.S. Navy, 1917-19, he 
joined Julius DeLong's Keystone Hair Insulator Company in 1924. By the 
late '20s he was plant manager of the St. Jeans, Quebec, plant in 
Canada, where Keystone had a joint venture to make refrigerator car 
insulation. When the DeLong company was merged into American Hair 
& Felt (later renamed Ozite Corp.), Harman stayed on as plant superin- 
tendent at plants in Peabody, Mass. (1937), Milwaukee (1939), and New- 
ark. N.J. In 1943 he went to Chicago as head of all manufacturing 
and was in charge of about 10 plants which principally make indoor- 
outdoor carpets and tile, as well as conventional carpet. From 1965 to 
retirement in 1970. he was administrative assistant to the Ozite president. 
His entire 45-year career was in the technical aspect of manufacturing, 
and his experience and knowledge in that area was unequalled. 

On May 21. 1927 at Pittsburgh, Harman married Lois Ida Dorman, 
the daughter of Ida W. Burchfield and George R. Dorman (1865-1963) 
who was president of the Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce. Lois was 
born there September 11, 1903. 

1. JEAN BURCHFIELD HARMAN. Born September 21, 1929, St. Jean, 
Quebec. Graduated Connecticut College. Married James Hawley 
Crabbe Lowe, Evanston, August 30. 1950. Born Walnut Ridge. Ark.. 
July 6, 1927. Resides in Moraga, Calif. 
A. ANN HARMAN LOWE. Born October 9, 1954, Evanston, III. 



89 



FREDERIC WARD HARMAN. Ship and architectural model builder and 
civic leader, he was born in Brooklyn, March 29, 1901. An early love 
for ships, the sea and maritime history led him into model-making and 
association with an old New York ship-model firm. After several years 
as sales manager, Harman left to found his own company. Marine Model 
Company, which together with its F. Ward Harman Associates Division, 
became one of the country's leading firms in the building and application 
of scale models. 

Founder of Marine Model in 1936 at Halesite, L.I., and its president 
for 30 years. Ward Harman also produced identification and training 
aids for the U.S. Navy and Air Force. In 1950 he branched out into 
architectural layouts, guided missile models, patent prototypes, and 
plant layouts. One of Harman's most comprehensive and largest models 
was the three-dimensional, 10' x 12' x 8' Lincoln Center miniature, 
complete in every detail including landscaping, and equipped with in- 
terior and exterior lighting. 

Mr. Harman believed that "the use of models to illustrate three- 
dimensionally that which most people cannot visualize from plans, is 
most important — sometimes absolutely essential to the performance of 
the project. Though a picture may be worth a thousand words, a model 
is the complete book."^ 

Keenly interested in civic matters, Harman served as mayor (1958-61) 
of Lloyd Harbor, his home since 1932. He was president of the Huntington 
Chamber of Commerce (1959-61), a director of the Whaling Museum of 
Cold Spring Harbor (1961-65) and United Fund (1962), and trustee of 
Lloyd Harbor School Board. During World War II he served in the U.S. 
Coast Guard Auxiliary. 

He married Mary Lembeck McCord, and died at Lloyd Harbor, April 
21, 1965. 

Children of Mary Sophia DeLong and Charles F. Wilson 
DONALD J. WILSON. President of the Trojan Tube Company of New- 
ark, N.J., he was born in Brooklyn, January 1, 1887, and was Joseph 
DeLong's first great-grandchild. He began his career in the metals industry 
in 1911 and retired 50 years later as head of the tubular products firm. 
A resident of Montclair for more than 70 years, Don Wilson was a member 
of the Essex Troop, Kiwanis, and Central Presbyterian Church. 
On February 28, 1914, at Crossett, Arkansas, he married Grace M. 
Easterling. Born December 11, 1893 at Fordyce, Ark., she was the 
daughter of Henry W. and Harriet Louisa McLean Easterling. In 1963 
the Wilsons moved to Laguna Hills, Calif. Don died November 27, 
1965 during a visit to Essex Fells, N.J. 



90 



1. DONALD J. WILSON, JR. Born March 4, 1915. Hayti. Mo. In Euro- 
pean Theatre during World War II and awarded Bronze and Silver 
Stars. Don is president-owner of a Mary Carter Industries. Inc.. 
franchise in North Georgia, based in Rome, Ga.. where he is a 
member of the Lions and Optimist clubs. Married Virginia Ruth 
Wharton in Rome. July 21. 1950. Daughter of Grady and Eunice 
Hardin Wharton. Born Centre, Ala. September 1 1 . 1927. 

A VIRGINIA LYNN WILSON. Born July 11. 1951, Rome. Ga Ga. 
Southern Univ. 73. 

2. CHARLES EASTERLING WILSON. Owner-manager of Philadelphia's 
well-known restaurant. "Helen Sigel Wilson's" (his wife and business 
partner), he was born in Montclair, N.J.. on July 17, 1917 He joined 
forces with the culinary world after World War II service with the 
Marine Corps (Pacific Theatre) and marriage on January 28, 1953 in 
Philadelphia to Helen Sigel. Their French restaurant at 1523 Walnut 
Street is noted for its "cultured informality" and "sophisticated food" 
— where "everything from the simplest appetizer to the most com- 
plex entree is prepared with imagination . . . nothing is done routinely, 
yet nothing is so bizarre that a diner need be afraid to try an unfamiliar 
dish."^ Along with "Helen Sigel Wilson's." they operate "L'Auberge" 
at Strafford, Pa., near their Main Line home in Gladwynne. 

The Wilsons are not only successful entrepreneurs but outstanding 
amateur golfers. In 1964 they held the Philadelphia husband-and-wife 
championshipand their son played in his first tournament (mother-and- 
son) at age seven and finished third with a 93. But the outstanding 
golfer of the family is Helen Sigel Wilson who was U.S. Nationals 
runner-up in 1941 (losing to Betty Hicks) and in 1948. Winner of more 
than 300 trophies, including the 1950 and 1966 Curtis Cup. she won the 
Western Amateur Championship once and the Eastern twice ("52. '62). 
By 1966 perennial golfer Helen had won the Pennsylvania State tourney 
five times and the Philadelphia City ten times. 

The daughter of George (1887-1938) and Flora Smith Sigel. she was 
born in 1919 and began to play golf at 16. "I used to do a lot of riding," 
she says. "I rode in horse shows. Came the Depression and riding was 
pretty expensive. I had to sell my horses, so I thought I'd take up a 
cheap sport like golf. I found immediately that it wasn't cheap but it 
was fun. 

"Once you've learned how, you can play for years. It's a wonderful 
sportfor women because they can play golf with their husbands. Or you 
can play alone and play against par instead of an opponent. I usually 
start in April and finish in October. Maybe twice during the winter 
Charlieand I play weekendsjusttoget out in theopen air."^ 

Helen's father was in the meat business when one of his customers, 



91 



Bahl's restaurant, owed him so much money for meat that he inherited 
the eating place. Not long after Mr. Sigel took over the business, he 
died and his son Bob started a restaurant on Chestnut Street. World 
War II came along and he joined the Navy. Helen found herself with the 
business and loved it. When her brother came back, she bought her own 
place, and for more than 25 years, it has been one of the city's most 
popular dining rooms. 
A successful businesswoman, champion golfer, wife and mother, 
Helen Wilson works hard at all four roles. One of Philadelphia's lead- 
ing quadruple-threat women, she says that she has no special qualities 
to run a house and two restaurants, take care of a family, and play 
tournament golf. "The greatest thing is to have a fine husband," she 
points out, "and my husband is all of that. He brings out the best in 
me."9 

A. KIRK HELEN WILSON. Born December 18, 1953, Philadelphia. 
B GEORGE DONALD (SIggle) WILSON. Born August 16, 1955, 
Philadelphia. 

3. MARY LOUISE WILSON. Born February 2. 1919, Montclair, N.J. 
Attended N.Y. School of Interior Design. Married December 20, 1941, 
Montclair, to William Brooks Larson. Son of Grace Brooks and 
Ferdinand C. Larson. Born November 30, 1917, Detroit, Mich. Lt. Col., 
9th Inf. Div., European Theatre. Associated with White Lamb Finley 
Inc., Montclair jute brokers. Home is Essex Fells. 

A. BONNIE LOUISE LARSON. Born April 30, 1947, Montclair, N.J. 
Vermont College '69. Radiographer. Married at So. Newfane, Vt., 
to Jeffrey Wells Seehorn, July 10, 1971. Son of Roberta Lee Wells 
and Willis Neil Seehorn. Born July 30, 1947, Staten Island, N.Y. 

B. DONNA GENE LARSON. Born December 11, 1948. Montclair. 
Marjorie Webster Jr. College '69. Geo. Washington College 71. 

C. MARY BROOKS LARSON. Born August 31, 1951, Montclair. 
Stetson Univ. '73. 

4. JOHN EASTERLING WILSON. Born October 26, 1922, Montclair, 
N.J. A broker at Newport Beach, Calif. With U.S. 14th Air Force. 
Pacific Theatre-CBI, World War II. Married Doryce Burgess (div). 
A DIANA HALE WILSON. Born May 21, 1963 

II. MARIAN RITA WILSON. Born in Brooklyn, April 1, 1890, she grew up 
in Montclair and later married (1) childhood friend Merl Medwin Scheffey, 
from nearby Glen Ridge. The Rev. N. W. Wells conducted the ceremony 
at 44 Christopher Street on February 19, 1916. The son of Amos and 
Lillian Harrison Scheffey, Merl was born in Pottstown, Pa., September 
25, 1890. A member of Essex Troop, N.J., he served as a Calvary escort 
at President Woodrow Wilson's Inauguration in 1917. A successful bond 
trader on Wall Street in the 1920s, Scheffey in 1927 contracted a cold 



92 



which, because he insisted on going to his parents' 50th wedding 
anniversary party, worsened into pneumonia and caused his death on 
May 5 at Montclair (Glendale. Nutley. N J.). 

Marian, a graduate of Montclair State Teachers College, went back 
to teaching junior high school. She subsequently married (2) Louis S. 
Paulmier 3rd, who died in 1950. and has lived in Philadelphia since the 
1960s. 

1. MARY VALERIE SCHEFFEY. Born September 14. 1917. Graduated 
Cedar Crest College. Supervisor. Fidelity Mutual Life Insurance Co.. 
Philadelphia. Church trustee. 

2. MERL HARRISON SCHEFFEY. As chairman of the Dallas Voters 
League in 1954-55. opposing the City Council in elections. Merl 
Scheffey said. "We do not plan a long campaign, but to hit them 
hard and fast."'° That has been the pace for most of his 50-plus 
years. Born December 14. 1918 at Glen Ridge. N.J.. he attended 
Temple University for two years as a pre-med student. Then, early in 
1941. he enlisted in the U.S. Army Air Corps and went through pilot 
training. On a mission over New Guinea, his plane was shot down. 
Severely injured, he spent three years in military hospitals. Decorated 
with the Distinguished Flying Cross and Air Medal with two stars, 
he was discharged as a major in October, 1947, after 672 years' service. 

"Scheff" enrolled at Southern Methodist University. Dallas, and 
received a B.A. in business administration and a LL.B. from its Law 
School. A member of the Texas Bar, he later joined the Wyatt 
Company, actuaries and employee benefit consultants. In the 1960s 
he formed Merl Scheffey and Associates in Dallas, where he is a leading 
attorney and financial consultant. His community activities are numer- 
ous: Lions Club, Boy Scouts, Voters League, Dads Club. 

On June 12. 1944 at Atlantic City, N.J., he married Justine 
Johnson, daughter of Elizabeth Rauch and Ernest S. Johnson. 
She was born in St. Louis, January 17, 1917. 

A. JOHN JOHNSON SCHEFFEY. Born September 5, 1941. St. Louis 
(Adopted stepson). Attended Menio College, Calif., 1959-60. Married 
Neel Collins at Dallas, November 2, 1963. Born November 18, 1943. 

B. PAMELA WILSON SCHEFFEY. Born November 25, 1945, Washing- 
ton, D.C. Attended Arizona State Univ., Tempe, and SMU '67. Mar- 
ried Richard W. Williamson, Jr., M.D., at Dallas, April 10. 1967. 
Born June 28, 1944. Univ. of Texas at Galveston '66. 

a. KRISTIN WILLIAMSON. Born November 13. 1967, Galveston, 

Texas, 
b RICHARD ALEXANDER WILLIAMSON. Born January 17, 1971. 

San Antonio, Texas. 



93 



C. ERIC HESTON SCHEFFEY. Bom December 29, 1949, Dallas. Pre- 
medical student, Univ. of Texas 72. 

D. KRISTIN SCHEFFEY. Born November 13, 1951, Dallas. Attended 
Randolph-Macon, 1968-69, and Univ. of Texas 73. Married Michael 
Dupree Dyer in Dallas, September 11, 1971. He attended St. Ed- 
wards Univ. and Univ. of Texas at Austin. 

3. ANNE ELIZABETH SCHEFFEY. Born April 25, 1921. Died October 1, 
1921, Glen Ridge, N.J. 
II. DORCAS WILSON. Born in Brooklyn, January 1. 1893. she lived in 
Montclair, N.J., from age one until her marriage there to William P. 
Atkin, April 6, 1912. Atkin, one of the country's most prolific designers 
of sail and power yachts, built more than 700 boats in a 54-year career. 
He was born in New York, October 14, 1882, and was a son of Gertrude 
Davenport and William Atkin, printer of Frank Leslie's Magazine and the 
North American Review. As a lad In Montclair, Billy Atkin was drawing 
ships when he should have been studying. Although lame from early 
childhood, he rode a horse, pedaled a bike, and sailed. He quit school at 
17 and never had any formal training. "Read books," he said. "You can 
learn anything from books." 

After working as a draftsman for an engineering company and the New 
York Interborough Rapid Transit (building the subway under the East 
River to Brooklyn), 21 -year-old Atkin went into the boat design and 
building business with childhood pal, Cottrell Wheeler. From 1906 to 1916 
they operated a boat yard at Huntington, L.I., where they turned out craft 
ranging from six-foot pram dinghies to Cabrilla, a 108-foot cruiser for 
August Heckscher. One of Atkin's most famous yachts was Typhoon, a 
45-foot ketch which was the first small cruising yacht to sail from America 
to Europe and return (1921). 

For three years, beginning in 1916, Billy Atkin held the editorship of 
Yachting magazine. At the same time, he acted as technical editor 
of Motor Boat. From May, 1 924 to May, 1 957 — 33 years — he contributed 
the monthly "How-to-build it" article on small boat design to Motor Boat. 
During the late 1920s he also edited his own publication, Fore an' Aft. 

The Atkin family lived at "Mizzentop," Huntington until 1933, when 
they took a house on Pratt Island, off Darien, Conn. Here from his nautical- 
appearing porch overlooking the Long Island Sound, Atkin worked both as 
designer and writer amid an extensive collection of scale-model sailing 
vessels and maritime paintings. By the 1930s Atkin's reputation for trim 
and straightforward line designs had spread far and wide and his house 
was a haven for people who liked, in Atkin's words, "to mess around with 
boats." Then, in September, 1938, a violent hurricane inundated the home. 
All its irreplacable furnishings were destroyed. 



94 



William and Dorcas moved to the mainland where they built a modern 
house and workshop in Darien on the Post Road Designed with a ship's 
motif (raised thresholds, portholes for windows, a ships ladder for 
stairs). Anchordown" has served both as home and office for the Atkin 
family for more than 30 years. 

During his long career. Atkin wrote a number of popular books and 
booklets, including Three Little Cruising Yachts (1932); Motor Boats 
(1937). Small Yachts and Boats, and the autobiographical Of Yachts and 
Men (1949). Atkin also was the first elected member of the Cruising 
Club of Amehca; a founder of the Huntington Cruising Club, and a flag 
officer of the Huntington Yacht Club. 

Oddlyenough. Atkin neverspentany considerable amount of time on the 
water. "Always too busy!" he'd reply. The family did a lot of weekend 
sailing, but no racing. To Atkin. racing was not boating. "Racing is a 
competitive affair, which takes the joy and beauty out of life afloat," 
he explained.^' 

Stocky of stature, sharp of wit, and an engaging conversationalist, 
William Atkin was an outspoken critic of what he called "the cream puff 
trend in modern yacht construction." He took particular delight in de- 
signing small sail boats that were sturdy and shipshape. Atkin retired in 
1960 and died in Stamford. August 20. 1962. 

1. WILLIAM WILSON ATKIN. The first fifth-generation DeLong. he was 
born in Huntington, L.I., January 21. 1913, the year of his great-great- 
grandfather's centennial. On February 7. 1914 he was baptized by the 
Rev. N.W. Wells at the South Third Street Church. Joseph DeLong. then 
in his 101st year, held him during the ceremony. 

Author, editor and lecturer, William Atkin formed his own publishing 
company, Silvermine Publishers, Inc., in 1965. The Norwalk. Conn., 
firm, whose book list stresses the humanities and general non-fiction, 
has published such works as Centuries of Cats, How to be a Non-con- 
formist , The Restoration Manual, Gardens Make Me Laugh. The 
Hawaii Cookbook and Backyard Luau, and The William Wilson Atkin 
Sketchbook. 

Before entering the publishing field. Atkin taught school for five 
years. Although he never got a degree higher than the one received 
from Huntington High School, he studied at City and Country School, 
New York (where he later taught), NYU, and Northwestern. 

In 1950 he joined Reinhold Publishing Corporation as architectural 
book editor. He was responsible for the publication of 100 titles and 
received a Citation of Honor from the American Institute of Architects 
for the report of the Commission on Education and Registration of the 
A.I.A. — an 832-page, two-volume book entitled The Architect at Mid- 



95 



Century, which was edited and produced in 58 days. From 1959-65 
Atkin was vice president in charge of the Whitney Library of Design, a 
division of Whitney Publications, and acted as editor-in-chief and sales 
manager of that venture. 

Atkin has collaborated on several books: Encyclopedia of Home 
Care and Repair (1948), Interiors Book of Restaurants (1960) and 
Rendering Techniques in l^odern Design. He has written innumerable 
publishers' notes and introductions, and In 1959, he wrote, designed 
and produced a 16-page program for the Cities USA exhibition, shown 
in Moscow in connection with the 5th Congress of the Union Inter- 
nationale des Architects. He has lectured at colleges, and before A.I. A. 
chapters, art clubs, and community groups, and is a member (associate) 
of the A. I. A., Society of Architectural Historians, the National Trust for 
Historic Preservation, and a founder of Connecticut Book Publishers 
Association (1968). 

On May 3, 1950 he married Marilyn Emily Zoty at Katonah, N.Y. 
The daughter of Edwin Edward and Bertha E. Damson Zoty, she was 
born in New York, May 28, 1924. 

A Quaker, William Atkin over the years has taken a firm stand 
against war and racial discrimination. He is a staunch advocate of 
suburban planning and zoning since "no community ever was prepared 
politically for the influx that invariably precedes engulfment by the 
metropolitan giant. "^^ 

A. JOHN WILSON ATKIN. Born May 26, 1951, New York, N.Y. 

B. ETHAN EDWIN ATKIN. Born August 26, 1952, New York. 

C. EVELYN DAMSON ATKIN. Born May 14, 1956, New York. 

D. PAUL DAVENPORT ATKIN. Born August 24, 1960, Norwalk, Conn. 
2. JOHN DAVENPORT ATKIN. Following in the footsteps of his father, 

John became a yacht designer and boating writer. Born in Montclair, 
N.J., August 19, 1918, he studied at Federation Tech, Bridgeport, 
Conn., and served in the U.S. Army Transportation Corps during 
World War II. 

After his discharge, he established the Anchordown Publishing 
Company at the family's Noroton compound. He edited and published 
several books on boat design, including The First Book of Boats 
(1947) and The Second Book of Boats (1948). Both contained a number 
of scientific and specific design articles by William Atkin and other 
leading naval architects. 

John Atkin has been a frequent contributor to Motor Boating and 
Yachting magazines, an officer of the Darien Power Squadron, and is a 
member of the Society of Naval Architects. 

Since 1945, as more new families have gone into boating and as more 



96 



yachtsmen have "traded up" to bigger boats, he has devoted much of 
his time to yacht surveying. Often compared to the engineer who goes 
over a house for a prospective buyer, Atkm. however, sees one big 
difference. "If a man buys a house and it's no good." he points out, 
"at least he's got the land. If a man buys a boat and it's unsea- 
worthy, it may sink altogether or he may be faced with a tremendous 
yard bill just to use the boat at all."'^ 

Atkin. who makes about 90 surveys a year traveling up and down the 
East Coast, also does surveys for insurance companies and checks for 
violations of the National Fire Protection Association rules. 

He married Patricia Ann Tonis. September 9, 1956. at New Haven. 
Conn. The daughter of Frank J. and Una Brooks Tonis, she was born in 
Portsmouth. N.H., August 18, 1927. Pat, a graduate of New Haven 
Teachers College, teaches art at the Tokeneke School. In 1967 she 
was honored as "Teacher of the Year" by the Field Associates Program 
of the College of Education. University of Bridgeport. The Atkins own 
two boats — a power launch and a sailing dinghy. They spend much of 
their summers at a cottage on Block Island. And John, like his perpetu- 
ally busy father, claims he just doesn't have much time for pleasure- 
boating. 
IV. KATHERINE WILSON. Born in Montclair, N.J.. June 19, 1903. she mar- 
ried George Eno Haden Werhan there on September 30, 1922. The son of 
G.E.H. and Alice Eno Werhan, he was born in Brooklyn, July 10, 1899, 
and served in the U.S. Air Corps of World War I. He attended Stevens 
Institute and is engaged in financial public relations. For many years the 
Werhans lived in Rockland County, N.Y. 

1. JANE WERHAN. Born October 5, 1923, Montclair, N.J. Univ. of Va. 
School of Nursing '47. Married Walter Terriberry Thomas at Nyack, 
N.Y., on January 28, 1950. Son of Walter Grant and Margaret Terri- 
berry Thomas. Born May 22, 1924, New York. Harvard '46 and member 
of Iroquois Club. U.S. Air Force, World War II. Home is Suffern, N.Y. 

A. PETER TERRIBERRY THOMAS. Born October 21, 1951, Philadel- 
phia, Pa. Univ. of Rhode Island '73. 

B. DAVID WILSON THOMAS. Born October 3, 1954, New Rochelle, 
NY. 

2. HADEN WILSON WERHAN. Born April 24, 1926, Nyack, N.Y. Gradu- 
ate of Brown Univ. Married Frances Creed at Nanuet, N.Y., August 19, 
1950. Daughter of John and Marion Scott Creed. Born February 9, 
1929, Rochester, N.Y. (div. 1960). Wilson is a salesman in San Fran- 
cisco. 

A JOHN HADEN WERHAN. Born April 6, 1956 

3. MARCIA WERHAN. Born February 21, 1931, Nyack, NY. Attended 



97 



the Univ. of Va. School of Nursing. Married Raymond Esposito, 

November 22, 1952, at Nyack. Son of Vincent John and Rose Esposito 

and born at Garfield, N.J., August 29, 1927. Graduate of Univ. of 

Illinois. 

A. USA ESPOSITO. Born August 24, 1957. 

B KATHERINE ESPOSITO. Born May 31. 1960 

Children of Matilda Carpenter DeLong and George E. Miller 
I. ALICE DeLONG MILLER. Born August 26, 1900, she was baptized by the 
Rev. J. Wells. April 27, 1901. Her childhood was spent in Brooklyn, princi- 
pally at 60 and 62 Devoe Street. She married (1) Robert Livingston Craw- 
ford, November 15, 1919. The Rev. N.W. Wells officiated at the ceremony 
at 44 Christopher Street, Montclair, the home of Mary DeL. Wilson. A New 
Yorker and A.E.F. Lieutenant. Crawford served 22 months in France during 
World War I. 

About 1925 Alice wed (2) Boyd Beam and subsequently lived in Scarsdale, 
N.Y. 

In 1942 in New York, she married (3) Canadian novelist, Robert Christie. 
Born in Cardston, Alberta, he was the son of Dr. Victor Valentine Christie 
and grew up on a ranch near the Montana border. Tutored at home by his 
mother, he later attended school in Canada. He did not take a degree for the 
reason, he says, that "being possessed of two legs, I walked out." He went 
into newspaper work, and became a correspondent in Central and South 
America. Mr. Christie was a script writer in Hollywood in the late 1930s. 
When war broke out, he joined the Canadian Army's 48th Highlanders, 
rising from private to staff captain in the European Theatre. He has au- 
thored two novels: Inherit the Night (1949) and The Trembling Land (1959), 
as well as numerous magazine articles. During the 1960s he held adver- 
tising, public relations and editorial posts in New York, Ottawa, and Mon- 
treal. 

1. ROBERT LIVINGSTON CRAWFORD, JR. Born November 13, 1922, he 
attended Colgate Univ. with the class of '44. Served in the Army Air 
Corps in Africa and Europe during World War II. He is a restaurant 
manager of the Sterling (Mass.) Inn, and has held similar posts in Lud- 
low, Vt.. and in Connecticut. He is a member of the Restaurant, Hotel & 
Motel Association. 

Robert married (3) Kathleen Walsh at Cleveland on August 26, 1963. 
She was born in Canaan, Conn., April 1, 1943, and is a daughter of 
Evelyn Mildred Doty and Francis Patrick Walsh. She studied at Baldwin- 
Wallace College. 

A. LYNN DeLONG CHRISTIE (nee Crawford). Born September 6, 
1947. Educated in Connecticut, New York, and Canada. A radio-TV 
production aide m Toronto and Calgary, 1968—. 



98 



B JEFFREY CRAWFORD. Born 1957 

C. KIMBERLY TRACEY CRAWFORD. Born October 15, 1965, Cleve- 
land. 

D. MELISSA GAYLE CRAWFORD. Born April 30, 1967, Cleveland. 

E. BRIAN JAMES CRAWFORD. Born March 21. 1968. Troy, NY. 

F. PAULA DIANE CRAWFORD. Born January 15. 1970. Springfield, 
Vt. 

G. SCOTT ROBERT CRAWFORD. Born September 22. 1971. Spring- 
field, Vt. 

2. IAN A. H. CHRISTIE (nee Budge Beam). Born August 10, 1929, West- 
chester. NY. Attended Phoenix School of Design. Served with U.S. 
Navy in Europe. Photographer with the Herald in Calgary, Alberta, 
Canada. Married Jean Ann Dahl there May 7, 1955. Born at Vulcan, 
Alb., August 25, 1932. Daughter of Mary Florence and Roy Eli Dahl. 

A. SHARON JEAN CHRISTIE. Born March 28, 1957, Calgary. 

B. ROBERT ROY CHRISTIE. Born July 30, 1958, Calgary. 

C. BRIAN ROSS CHRISTIE. Born January 15, 1964. Calgary. 

Children of Thomas Anderton DeLong and Florence Siegman 
I. HOWARD ANDERTON DeLONG. Born in Brooklyn. December 22. 
1903, he has lived on Long Island since age 14. Connected with the carpet 
industry for more than 35 years, he held a number of sales and managerial 
positions with the New York office of Chas. P. Cochrane Co. (1928-45) 
and its successor, James Lees & Sons, Inc. (1945-63). A well-known 
spokesman for the carpet trade, he believed that "you can often get by 
with Immaculate but inexpensive curtains at your windows, old furniture 
made acceptable by refinishing or new slip covers but shabby carpet is 
too prominent a feature to pass unnoticed."^" 

The day affer his retirement in 1963, Howard got up his usual early hour, 
dressed, ate, and hurriedly left to catch his morning train. After approx- 
imately 481,000 miles or 17,500 hours on the erratic Long Island Rail 
Road, he wanted the satisfaction of staying on the platform and seeing 
the 7:22 depart without him. 

In 1949 he was elected a director of L.l.'s Fort Neck National Bank, 
which as a seven-branch operation nine years later was merged with 
Security National. He also served from 1943-49 as school trustee for 
Wantagh, his home from 1940-71, and held membership m the N.Y. 
Sales Executive and Hempstead Golf clubs. 

Active in community and fraternal groups (Masonic lodge trustee; 
church treasurer), DeLong was awarded in 1970 the Bishop's Cross for 
Distinguished Parochial Service from the Episcopal Diocese of L.I. 

On June 28, 1928 he married Sara Mae Sprague at St. Mark's. No. 
Bellmore, L.I. (to which he gave in 1950 an American flag and staff in mem- 



99 



ory of Lt. Cmdr. Geo. W. DeLong). Sara, a descendant of a number of 
Brooklyn's pioneering families, including the Remsens, Wyckoffs, and 
Bergens, was the daughter of William Harvey (1874-1907) and Emma 
Louise Pettit Sprague (1877-1967). Born July 31, 1905 in Merrick, 
L.I., she is a charter member of Jerusalem Chapter, D.A.R., and Neptune 
Chapter, O.E.S. 

1. NANCY SPRAGUE DeLONG. Born Freeport L.I., April 12, 1931. 
Endicott Jr. College '50. Married (1) Robert T. Johnson (1930 - ), 
son of Bertha and Raymond R. Johnson, at Garden City, L.I., Sep- 
tember 3, 1951 (div. 1968). (2) Carlton Lowell Whiteford at South- 
port, Conn., May 23, 1970. Born July 12. 1916, Brooklyn. Son of 
Lowell and Anna Lang Whiteford. He is president and founder of Poly- 
PacCorp. of America, Stamford, Conn., and holds more than 40 patents 
in the plastics and packaging field. Member of the Saugatuck Yacht 
Club. 

A. DAVID HOWARD JOHNSON. Born Mineola. L.I., February 12, 
1956. 

B. RUSSELL WALLACE JOHNSON. Born Hempstead, LI., October 
10, 1960. 

C DANIEL DeLONG JOHNSON. Born Hempstead, June 8, 1962. 
D VICTORIA ELIZABETH WHITEFORD (nee Johnson) Born Hemp- 
stead, November 21, 1967. 
2 THOMAS ANDERTON DeLONG, II. Born Freeport, L.I., June 26, 
1935. Williams College '57. Columbia Univ., M.A. '59. N.Y.U., M.B.A. 
'69. Military service with Seventh U.S. Army Headquarters, Stuttgart, 
Germany, 1959-61, for which awarded Certificate of Merit. Since 1966 
has held public relations, marketing, and advertising & sales promotion 
posts with Clin Corp., New York, and its Winchester-Western division, 
New Haven, Conn. 

Author and journalist. Attended 1967 Berlin Film Festival. Founder 
and general manager, Sasco Associates. Resident of New York from 
1962-70 where his clubs include St. Nicholas Soc, Sons of the Revolu- 
tion, Williams, Loyal Legion, Acorn, and Soc. of the War of 1812. 

Married Katharine Robert Clark, New Canaan, Conn., September 7, 
1968. Born Saranac Lake, N.Y., August 24. 1940. Daughter of Louise 
Frelinghuysen Henry (1908- ) and Frith Douglas Clark (1894- ). 
Garland Jr. College '60. Member of Colonial Dames of America, 
Huguenot Soc, Holland Dames of America, and the Colony Club. 

The DeLongs attended the Inauguration of President Richard M. 
Nixon in 1969 as guests of the Republican State (N.Y.) Committee. 
They are directors of The Hong Kong True Light School Foundation 
and live in Southport. Conn. 



100 



A SARAH REMSEN DeLONG. Born March 10. 1971. Greenwich. 
Conn. 

II WALLACE HEWITT DeLONG. Born in Brooklyn. October 14. 1905. he 
lived on Long Island until 1971, and in Florida. A general contractor 
(Drew & DeLong; Wallace Construction Co.) he built and renovated 
hundreds of homes and buildings in Nassau County from the 1920s to 
his retirement in the mid-1960s. From 1940-42 he worked in Trinidad. 
B W.I . on the construction of military bases under the agreement with 
Great Britain to trade some 50 overage U.S. destroyers for 99-year- 
lease base sites on a half-dozen British possessions He is a Mason 
(Wantagh Lodge) and a Shriner. 

On June 21, 1930 he married Gladys Martha Tiemeyer at St. Mark's. 
No. Bellmore. LI. Born in Brooklyn. February 25. 1906. she was the 
daughter of John Henry (1875-1955) and Caroline Helen Rennie Tie- 
meyer (1880-1955). She has held a number of high offices in the Order 
of the Eastern Star, including Matron. Neptune Chapter, in 1952. 

1. JOHN WALLACE DeLONG. Born August 4. 1935. Freeport. L.I. 
Missile analyst, U.S. Air Force, 1954- . Base assignments include 
Kincheloe, Mich.; Ramey. Puerto Rico, and Forbes. Topeka. Kan. 
Married Patsey Dale Jones, daughter of Eva Alice Nightengale and 
Relland A. Jones, at Mars Hill, Maine, November 11, 1960. Born 
September 14. 1938, Mars Hill. 

A HOWARD ANDERTON DeLONG, III. Born March 28, 1963. Kin- 
cheloe AFB. Mich. 

B. MARK ALAN DeLONG. Born July 26. 1964. Kincheloe AFB. 

C. MARTHA ALICE DeLONG. Born May 29, 1968. Presque Isle, 
Maine. 

D. ELIZABETH ANN DeLONG. Born November 12, 1971. Kincheloe 

AFB. 

2 HOWARD ANDERTON DeLONG, 11. Born February 27, 1939, Free- 
port. L.I. Rutgers '60. U.S. Army, N.G., 1962-68. Sr. quality control 
analyst. Assembly Div., General Motors Corp.. Framington, Mass. 
(1966-68) and Detroit (1968- ). Married Ellen Frances Weber, 
daughter of Kathryn and Theodore F. Weber, October 20, 1962, at 
Oceanside, L.I. She was born there, June 29, 1942. 

A. JAMES HOWARD DeLONG. Born March 13. 1966. 

B. AMY FRANCES DeLONG. Born July 6, 1967. 

C. NANCI ANN DeLONG. Born March 14, 1970. 

III. ANNIE ELIZABETH DeLONG. Born October 18, 1907, Brooklyn. Died 
from third degree burns at Astoria. L.I., June 24, 1911 (EV). 



101 



Children of George W. DeLong, II, and Emma Burns 
I. GEORGE NATHANIEL DeLONG. Born in Brooklyn. June 4, 1894. he 
married there Anna Hoehnlein, February, 1913. The daughter of Conrad 
and Marie Hoehnlein, she was born May 7, 1893 and died in Brooklyn, 
February 8, 1937 (Mt. Olivet, Maspeth, N.Y.). A shoe cutter, George 
lived for many years at 381 Etna Street. 

1. JULIA M. DeLONG. Born October 7, 1920, Brooklyn. Married J. 
Edward Willenbrock at New York, December 27, 1967. Son of Charles 
W. and Meta Grabhorn Willenbrock. Born April 9, 1908. Brooklyn. 
Graduated Columbia and is an optometrist in Manhattan. Julia is 
executive secretary to N.Y. banker Richard Shields and lives on Long 
Island. 
II. MILDRED J. DeLONG. Born in 1895 in Brooklyn. Died at six months of 

apoplexia pulmonalis (CH). 
III. JANET (Jennie) DeLONG. Born June 1, 1896, Brooklyn, she became a 
beautician and, from the early 1930s to 1960, owned and operated the 
DeLong Beauty Shop in Great Neck, L.I. Janet married Harry Charles 
Hoeffling, July 1, 1953 at Elkton, Md. He was born April 6, 1891 in 
Brooklyn and the son of August and Christina Metzger Hoeffling. An 
automobile salesman (Breitfeller Sales Inc., Queens Village), he lived in 
Hollis, and died there December 29, 1967. Janet predeceased him, on 
July 18, 1963, at Flushing (Maple Grove, Kew Gardens). 
IV. JOSEPH DEWEY DeLONG. Named after the hero of Manila Bay — 
Admiral George Dewey — he followed in the bootsteps of Dr. Will DeLong. 
A fireman with the N.Y. Fire Department from 1926-41, he served with 
Brooklyn Ladder 107 and 112, and Engine Co. 331. Dewey retired at age 
42 because of job-connected disabilities. Born in Brooklyn, September 
22, 1898, he attended Polytechnic Institute and CCNY, and served as a 
U.S. Army private in World War I. Before joining the uniformed fire 
force, he worked as a draftsman for American Telephone and Tele- 
graph. 

On June 12, 1926 at Brooklyn, he married Mary Madeline McCormick. 
The daughter of Francis and Sarah O'Hagen McCormick, she was born 
December 23, 1898. For many years, the DeLongs lived at 381 Etna 
Street and from the mid-1 940s, in New Gretna, N.J. Dewey died in 
Wilmington, Del., on July 28, 1954 (Maple Grove). 

Children of Julius DeLong, II, and Charlotte Leidolph 
I. ALFRED DeLONG. Born in Brooklyn, October 8, 1919, he served in the 
U.S. Army during World War II. He married Eleanor Jamison at Elkton, 
Md., on June 26, 1946. A pharmacist, he has lived in Rochester, N.Y., 
since the late 1940s. 



102 



1. ALFRED JOHN DeLONG. Born in 1948. he died m 1966 while a 
student at Alfred (N.Y.) Univ. 



Children of Martha Washington DeLong and Jesse E. Stafford 
I. ALLYN DeLONG STAFFORD. He was born August 11. 1905, Brooklyn 
and later employed by the U.S. Navy Dept. and Submarine Signal Co.. 
makers of underwater sound equipment. From 1949-70 he worked for the 
Norfolk County Trust Co.. Dedham. Mass. Married (1) Madeline Krauss, 
1924; Rose Kohler; Mary Sinclair. 1963 at Westwood. 
1 MARTHA DOLORES STAFFORD. Born March 21. 1926. Queens. Mar- 
ried William Thomas Falls. July 1, 1944. Manne engineer. Philadelphia. 

A. BARBARA ANN FALLS. Born February 13, 1946. Brooklyn. 

B. WILLIAM FALLS. Born May 21. 1957. 

2. ALLYN DeLONG STAFFORD, JR. Born December 22. 1928. Queens. 
U.S. Army. Korea. Married in 1954 and employed by a New Jersey 
dental supply company. 

A. KAREN STAFFORD. Born March 26. 1956. Queens. 

B. ROBERT STAFFORD. Born October 13. 1960, Queens. 

C. THOMAS STAFFORD. Born March 3. 1967. 

3. JOAN MADELINE STAFFORD. Born September 18. 1931. Bellerose. 
L.I. Married (1) Harold Jurgens, November 18, 1949 (div. 1961). (2) 
Ronald Carl Peterson. May 25, 1966, Swampscott, Mass. Born May 
12. 1935. Brockton. Accountant. Proctor & Gamble. 

A. TINA JURGENS. Born and died August 10. 1950. 

B. SUZANNE JURGENS. Born October 15. 1952. St. Albans, N.Y. 

C. JOANNE JURGENS. Born February 19, 1955, St. Albans. 
4 DEBBIE STAFFORD. Born 1946 



Children of Charles DeLong and Emma Shaw 
JOHN THOMAS DeLONG. An adopted son. he was born (April 19. 1915). 
married (August 1. 1937) and died (June 29, 1965) in Brooklyn. He served 
as a "Trailblazer" with the U.S. Army in World War II and later was 
employed by the U.S. Post Office, New York. His wife Antoinette Lucy 
Bonagura, the daughter of Anthony and Mary Carbone Bonagura, was born 
in Brooklyn, June 12, 1913. At his death, John lived at 105 Skillman 
Avenue (Nat. Cem., Pinelawn, L. I.). 



Children of Lucille DeLong and Fred Steininger 
VIRGINIA STEININGER. Born at Richmond Hill. N.Y., March 9. 1923. 



103 



she served in the Woman's Army Air Corps during World War II. She 
married Edmund Jorgensen of the Army Air Corps at Raton, New Mexico, 
July 9, 1945. The son of Hans and Rena Jorgensen, he was born in Maderia, 
Pa., August 29, 1925. He and his sons have held high posts in the Boy 
Scouts at Yonkers, N.Y., their home. 

1. EDMUND JORGENSEN, JR. Born August 27, 1946. Floral Park, L.I. 
Pace College 71. U.S. Naval Reserve. 

2. FRED JORGENSEN. Born Februarys, 1956. 

II. JEANNE L. STEININGER. Born June 27, 1929 at Floral Park. L.I., she 
is an office secretary. 

Children of John DeLong, Jr., and Agnes Johnson 
I. JOHN BURLEIGH DeLONG. A partner from 1941-69 in Branigan Green 
& Co., a sportswear manufacturer, he was born in Brooklyn, August 16, 
1907. Before joining Branigan in 1939, he worked for the textile division 
of Marshall Field in New York. He lived in Yonkers, N.Y.. and there 
married (1) Marie Branigan in 1939. After World War II U.S. Navy duty 
in the Pacific, Jack married in New Jersey, November 7, 1947 (2) 
Rosamond Ursula Nolin. The daughter of Edward and Rose M. Neville 
Nolin, she was born in New York, June 28, 1915. Jack died October 27, 
1970 at Port Washington. L.I., his home for 12 years (CH). 

1. JOHN EDWARD DeLONG. Born March 9, 1949, Rockville Center, L.I. 
Boston College 71. 

2. SUSAN ELLEN DeLONG. Born March 1, 1950, Rockville Center, L.I. 
Attended Rochester Institute of Technology where selected as one of 
the Outstanding Teenagers of America in 1969. 

Children of William L MacKinnon and Anna B. Twing 
I. CLYDE TWING MacKINNON. Born about 1908, he was adopted by the 
MacKinnons and spent his youth in Palmyra, N.J., and Ontario, Canada. 
He lives in Baltimore, has married twice, and has two children. 

Children of Florence Louise MacKinnon and Jefferson G. Hanf 
I. JEFFERSON WILLARD HANF. Town Justice of Putnam Valley, N.Y., 
from 1954-67, he was born in Brooklyn, October 20, 1894. During World 
War I he served as government appraiser of textile fibers in the Quarter- 
master Department. In the early 1920s he established an Asiatic branch 
at Tientsin, China, for Oelrichs & Co., agents for the North German Lloyd 
steamship line. As a wool merchant in the Orient, he set up the first 
Chinese wool washing plant, traveled widely (including a trip across 
Siberia), and met Dr. Sun Yat-sen, modern China's founding father.^^ 
For about 20 years, Willard was a partner in the Hanf Co., New York 
importers. In 1945 he moved from Bedford-Stuyvesant to Putnam, and 



104 



nine years later, was elected to the bench. A Democrat, he ran for Town 
Supervisor in 1965 but lost. Two years later, in a bid for a fourth term as a 
justice, he was defeated as an Independent. In 1968 he was appointed to 
the County Civil Service Commission and Selective Service Board. 

Judge Hanf was a founder and director of the Volunteer Fire Police 
Association of the State of New York. In 1971 the new Putnam Valley 
Police Annex was named for him. He was a member of Courtlandt 
Lodge No. 34, F. & A.M., and the Huntington Yacht Club. Willard died 
at Peekskill. NY., on September 12. 1971 (United Methodist. Shrub Oak). 
He married Beulah Elizabeth Gunn at Long Island City. August 10. 1925 
The daughter of Basil H. Gunn of Woodhaven. L.I.. she was born in 1902. 
II. HOWARD MacKINNON HANF. One of the last DeLongs to live in Brook- 
lyn, he resided at 465 Eastern Parkway. He was born on the Fourth of 
July, 1898, and died on Flag Day. June 14, 1970, and fittingly was 
a life member of the Sons of the Revolution. For more than 50 years, 
until 1961. his home was 1257 Bergen Street. 

A stockbroker and importer. Howard began his career in 1916 with 
E.A. Pierce & Co.. a forerunner of Merrill Lynch. Pierce, Fenner & Smith. 
Inc.^^ He later joined the brokerage firm of Sailing W. Baruch. About 
1930 he and his brother organized J. Willard & Howard M. Hanf Co., an 
importing business at 82 Beaver Street. New York. The company continued 
until both Hanfs retired in the early 1950s. A bachelor. Howard was an 
instructor with the U.S. Power Squadron and died in New Rochelle, NY.. 
at age 72 (Shrub Oak). 

Children of John Boyd MacKinnon. Jr.. and Margaret M. O'Neill 

I. JOHN JEFFERSON MacKINNON. This third-generation John Mac- 
Kinnon was born in Brooklyn. April 19. 1923. At 17 he enlisted in the U.S. 
Navy and was discharged in 1945. On April 20. 1952 in Brooklyn, he 
married Vivian Sgro, daughter of Vincent and Mary Sgro. Vivians birth- 
place and date: Brooklyn, May 1. 1933. John lives in Queens and works 
as a warehouseman and security guard. 

1. MARGARET MARY MacKINNON. Born May 31. 1954, Brooklyn. 

2. JOHN JEFFERSON MacKINNON, JR. Born December 16, 1957. 
Brooklyn. 

II. FLORENCE LOUISE MacKINNON. Born in Brooklyn. March 3. 1925. 
she lives in Charles County, Maryland. She married William Joseph 
Turner, Sr., in New York on October 12, 1946. The son of Augustus I. 
and Louise Baron Turner, he is retired from military service after 12 
years in the Air Force and 8 years in the Navy. He was born in Brooklyn, 
October 23, 1922. 

1 WILLIAM JOSEPH TURNER, JR. Born at St Albans. N Y , August 



105 



16, 1948. U.S. Air Force Reserve. Operations manager, Lash Distri- 
butors, Inc. Married Nancy Jane Ennis, March 8, 1966, at Cheverly, 
Md. Daughter of Joseph Benjamin and Grace Naomi Ennis. Born 
Elizabeth City, N.C., May 20, 1948. 

A. MICHAEL SCOTT TURNER. Born Octobers, 1967, Cheverly, Md. 

B. HEATHER LOUISE TURNER. Born June 9. 1971, Cheverly, Md. 

2. MICHAEL FRANCIS TURNER. Born June 19, 1950, St. Albans. 
Attended Charles Co. (Md.). Community College. U.S. Air Force 
Reserve. With Security National Bank, Washington, D.C. 

3. JOHNTHOMASTURNER. Born June 12, 1952, St. Albans. 

4. ROBERT JAMESTURNER. Born March 6, 1956, St. Albans. 

5. RICHARD ANTHONY TURNER. Born December 9, 1963, Andrews 
AFB, Md. 

III. MARY MARGARET MacKINNON. Born April 15, 1926 in Brooklyn, 
she wed Jack Henry Williams, II, at Transfiguration R.C. Church, 
November 11, 1952. Jack, born October 4, 1926, Sarasota, Fla., was the 
son of J. H. and Melvinia Mullins Williams. He served with the U.S. 
Navy for nine years and died at Brooklyn, November 1, 1968 (Nat. Cem., 
Pinelawn, L. I.). His widow lives at Howard Beach, N. Y. 

1. MARY ELIZABETH WILLIAMS. Born January 21, 1954, Brooklyn. 

2. JACK HENRY WILLIAMS, III. Born January 21, 1956, Queens. 

3. FLORENCE LOUISE WILLIAMS. Born February 23, 1960, Brooklyn. 

4. SUSAN PAMELA WILLIAMS. Born November 14, 1961, Brooklyn. 

5. ANDREW LLOYD WILLIAMS. Born April 4, 1965, Queens. 

IV. JANE MacKINNON. Born December 11, 1929 at 233 Heyward Street, 
she wed U.S. Navy vet, Peter T. Luba. The marriage took place October 
8, 1946 at Transfiguration Church, Brooklyn. Peter, born there July 1, 
1925, is the son of John and Julia Obuch Luba. Home is Howard Beach, 
NY. 

1. DOREEN J. LUBA. Born July 11, 1949, Brooklyn, she is a secretary 
for Fahnestock & Co., stockbrokers. Married to Michael D. Filippone, 
August 15, 1970, at Howard Beach. Son of Dominic and Anne Ryan 
Filippone and born February 26, 1948. He attended Siena College 
and NYU. 

2. JANE MARGARET LUBA. Born May 3, 1954, Queens, N.Y. 

3. PETER KENNETH LUBA. Born April 10, 1956, Queens. 

4. WILLIAM RICHARD LUBA. Born November 3, 1966, Queens. 

V. PATRICIA ANN MacKINNON. Born July 3, 1931 in Brooklyn, she mar- 
ried James Graffagnino, Jr., on February 19, 1954. The son of James and 
Marie Ott Graffagnino, he served in the U.S. Navy. They live at Hamilton 
Beach, Queens, NY. 

1. STEVEN JAMES GRAFFAGNINO. Born September 9, 1955, Brooklyn. 



106 



2 CHARLES FRANCIS GRAFFAGNINO. Born October 20. 1956, Brook- 
lyn 

3 JOHN WILLIAM GRAFFAGNINO. Born July 12. 1958. Queens 

4 JOSEPH ANTHONY GRAFFAGNINO. Born October 30. 1959, Brook- 
lyn 

5 MARIE PATRICIA GRAFFAGNINO. Born April 15. 1962. Queens 

6 KAREN ANN GRAFFAGNINO. Born August 1, 1965. Queens. 

7 DENISE GRAFFAGNINO. Born February 22, 1970. Queens 

Children of James DeLong Philson and Anna M. Ronan 
I ARTHUR DeLONG PHILSON M.D. Physician and specialist in internal 
medicine, Dr Philson was born in Brooklyn, December 14, 1916. He is a 
graduate of Notre Dame '38 and Cornell Medical College '42. During 
World War II he attended the Naval School of Flight Surgery and served 
as a lieutenant in the Naval Air Corps in the South Pacific for 20 months. 
From 1946-50 he was a member of the U S.N Reserve. 

Dr Philson studied internal medicine at Bellevue Hospital. 1945-46. 
and did his residency at New Rochelle Hospital, 1946-48. He is an 
instructor, internal medicine, at Cornell-N Y Hospital Medical Center 
and has been an associate physician at Grasslands, Valhalla, N.Y. His 
medical associations include the American College of Physicians; College 
of Allergists: College of Geriatrics: American Academy of Allergy, and 
Diplomat, American Society of Internal Medicine. 

On December 1. 1945 at Larchmont, NY., he married Mary Ellen 
Mendes, the daughter of Henry Eugene (1887-1963) and Carmel H. Gibbs 
Mendes. She was born February 20, 1922 in Pelham. NY., and attended 
Stoneleigh College, New Hampshire. 

Dr. Philson maintains an office in New Rochelle, near his Pelham 
home, and since 1960. a summer house at Point O' Woods. L.I. He is a 
member of the St. Nicholas Society, Racquet & Tennis, Sons of the Rev- 
olution, Cornell Griffis, Pelham Country and Larchmont Shore Clubs.'' 

1. JAMES DeLONG PHILSON, II. Born March 26. 1947. New Rochelle. 
NY. Attended Notre Dame. Lieutenant. U.S. Army, Vietnam. 1966-70. 

2. CARMEL ANNE PHILSON. Born January 30, 1951. New York. Brad- 
ford Jr. College '71. 

3. ROBERT MENDES PHILSON. Born July 2, 1952, New York. 

4 KATHERINE RONAN PHILSON. Born May 16, 1955, New York. 
5. JOSEPH GIBBS PHILSON. Born September 28. 1960, New York. 
II. JEANNE MARIE PHILSON. Born in Brooklyn. January 12, 1918, she 
attended Marymount College, Tarrytown, NY., and on October 21, 1939 
at Pelham, married Charles Andrew Quinn. The son of Charles and Mar- 
garet Higgins Quinn, he was born December 1 1, 191 1 at Glen Falls, N.Y., 
and attended Notre Dame. He is a consultant and regional sales manager 



107 



for the Educational Division of The Reader's Digest. They are members 
of the Shore Club of Larchmont, where they have a home. 

1. NANCY JEANNE QUINN. Born November 27, 1941, New Rochelle. 
N.Y. Graduate of Immaculata College of Washington, D.C. Married 
at Larchmont, April 20, 1968, Jeremiah Robert Condon, son of James 
V. and Kathryn Quinn Condon. Born February 7, 1940, Rochester, 
N.Y. Alumnus of Mount St. Mary's College and a lieutenant, U.S. 
Coast Guard, 1963-66. Trust officer, Manufacturers Hanover Bank, 
New York. Member of N.Y. A. C. 

A. KEVIN CHARLES CONDON. Born January 24, 1970, Portchester. 

B. KATHERINE QUINN CONDON. Born February 18, 1971, Port- 
Chester. 

2. LINDA LOUISE QUINN. Born June 23. 1943, New Rochelle. On May 
21, 1966 at Larchmont, married Denis Michael Walsh, son of Denis 
Patrick and Anne Brady Walsh. Born December 13, 1940, Cork, 
Ireland. Villanova University '61. Public accountant and member of 
K. of C. 

A. CAREY JEANNE WALSH. Born January 10, 1967. 

B. DENIS MICHAEL WALSH, JR. Born April 3, 1969. 

3. THOMAS CHARLES QUINN. Born May 11, 1947. Notre Dame '69. 
Medical student, Northwestern Univ. 

4 PAUL PHILSON QUINN. Born January 24, 1954 
III. MARY PATRICIA PHILSON. Born in Mount Vernon, N.Y., May 28, 1924. 
she married John Buckner Rogers on June 9, 1945. The son of John 
Anthony and Lucy Todd Buckner Rogers, he was born at White Plains, 
N.Y., on August 13, 1921. He attended Amherst and the U.S. Naval 
Academy '45. The winner of numerous golfing awards at the Pelham 
Golf Club, he is a vice-president of NBC Television and lives in Pelham 
Manor, N.Y. 

1. THERESE ANNE ROGERS. Born November 21. 1946, New Rochelle. 
Marhed William Albert Paul, March 26, 1969, New York, N.Y. Son of 
Robert and Phoebe Woodcock Paul. Born September 23, 1 936 at Paint- 
ed Post, N.Y. Member of the U.S. Army Reserve and employed in 
computer sales. 

A WILLIAM ALBERT PAUL, JR. Born March 20, 1970 

B. DEREK CHRISTIAN PAUL. Born October 7, 1971, New Rochelle. 

2. JEANNE BUCKNER ROGERS. Born November 24, 1947, New Roch- 
elle. 

3. JOHN MARK ROGERS. Born June 22. 1949, New Rochelle. 

4. DONNA MARY ROGERS. Born August 22, 1953, New Rochelle. 

5. ANTOINETTE TODD ROGERS. Born December 12, 1958, New Roch- 
elle. 

6. LEIGH RONAYNE ROGERS. Born March 1, 1967, New Rochelle. 



108 



Children of Clara Adele Hatch and Arthur R. Macy 
I EARL MACY. Born and died March 1. 1911, Brooklyn. 
II ARTHUR ROCHESTER MACY, JR. Born in New York. May 22. 1912. 
he sang as a boy soprano at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine. 1922-25. 
He served as a 1st Lieutenant in the U.S Army, 1942-46 A resident 
of New Jersey from the late 1920s, he was a salesman for the Converter's 
Ink Co of Linden. A member of the Ship Lore and Model Club, New York, 
and Pioneer Lodge, F. & A.M., he married Catharine Marguerite Wahlers 
at Hackensack on October 20, 1940. The daughter of F. William and 
Mathilde C Plog Wahlers, she was born November 11, 1914 in Jersey 
City Arthur, age 45, died suddenly on November 13. 1957 at Nyack, NY. 
(Geo. Washington Memorial. Paramus, N. J.). 
1 ADELE CHARLOTTE MACY. Born April 14, 1946, Hackensack, N.J. 

Newark State College (Union, N.J.) '68. Schoolteacher, Rahway. N.J. 

Married Thomas Wayne Fletcher at Roselle, June 9, 1967 Son of A. I. 

and Cecilia Gutowski Fletcher. Born July 27, 1946. Jersey City. 

A GAYLE LOUISE FLETCHER. Born July 21 1970 

III. CHARLOTTE HATCH MACY. Born in New York, July 11, 1918, she 
attended Maryland College for Women, Lutherville. She married July 2, 
1940 at Teaneck, N.J., (1) Charles Wilbur Smith. Jr., son of C. W. and 
Ella Thorpe Smith. He was born in Chester, Pa., September 25, 1918, and 
was with American Airlines in crew scheduling. He died in Wantagh, L.I., 
May 13, 1965 (Geo. Washington Memorial, Paramus, N.J.). Charlotte 
married (2) Frank Cooper Bonner, son of Paul L. and Eleanor Williams 
Bonner on January 29, 1966 at Levittown, L.I. He was born March 10, 
1909 in Philadelphia and served in North Africa during World War II. 
He is a manager in the Stewardess Department of American Airlines. 

1. CHARLES ARTHUR SMITH. Born July 14. 1941. Alexandria. Va. 
Married Carol Ann Strauss, March 4, 1967. Graduate of C. W. Post 
College. Engineer with Grumman Corporation's Aerospace program, 
including the Apollo LM and Command Module mockup set for TV 
broadcast at Bethpage, L. I. 

IV. WILLIAM DeLONG MACY. Born July 15, 1929 in Teaneck. N.J.. he 
joined the Marine Corps Reserve in 1948 and served in the Korean War, 
1951-52, with the Marine 11th Regiment. A member of the Marine Corps 
League, he was commandant of that veterans group's Mid-Island Detach- 
ment at Levittown, L.I., his home. He is a driver for Economy Food 
Service, Inc., Mineola, L.I. On November 28, 1953, he married Constance 
Louise Schmitt. Born in The Bronx, NY., February 16, 1933, she is the 
daughter of George and Marjorie Schmitt. 

1. LINDA GAIL MACY. Born August 25. 1954, Amityville, L.I. 

2. DIANA JOY MACY. Born March 9, 1957, Bay Shore, L.I. 



109 



3. DAVID WILLIAM MACY. Born December 16, 1960, Bay Shore, L.I. 

4. LORI ELLEN MACY. Born August 29. 1965, Bay Shore. L.I. 

Children of Frank Davis i-fatch and Helen Barker 
DAVIS SOUTHMAYD HATCH. Born at Norwalk, Conn., June 1, 1921, 
he died in California on May 13, 1947. Not married. 

ANN BARKER HATCH. She was born at Norwalk, September 24, 1923 
and attended Santa Monica Jr. College. On February 27, 1943 she 
married at Marfa. Texas, Cadet Alfred Eldridge Briggs of the Army Air 
Corps. Born in Moorehead, Minn., February 1. 1916, and the son of 
Benjamin H. and Dorothy Eldridge Briggs, he graduated a glider pilot 
with the rank of flight officer and was assigned to European operations 
that included the crossing of the Rhine in March, 1945. Briggs later served 
as Commander, V.F.W. Post 3536, Costa Mesa, Calif., where he is a 
Deputy Marshal. Ann is active in the V.F.W. Auxilliary and as an ama- 
teur photographer 

1. ELDON DAVIS BRIGGS. Born November 4. 1944. Los Angeles U.S. 
Marine Corps, in Vietnam, 1968-69. Married Donnamane Rhoads 
Goddard, January 26, 1970. Born February 21, 1949, Colinga. Calif. 
A. HEIDI BRIGGS. Born September, 1971. 

2. STEVEN ARTHUR BRIGGS. Born July 9, 1946, Fargo, N.D. Married 
Barbara Jean Edwards, April 12, 1969 at Southgate, Calif. Born Feb- 
bruary 4. 1950 at Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada Daughter of 
William and Margaret Selby Edwards Steven is an electronics tech- 
nician, U.S. Navy, and stationed in Japan. 1971-72. 

A. STEVEN ALAN BRIGGS. Born May 14, 1970. 

3. NORMAN ALAN BRIGGS. Born August 29, 1949. Fargo. N.D Attend- 
ed Orange Coast Jr. College US Army, in Vietnam with 335th Trans- 
portation Co., 1969-70 Married Dons Evelyn Keyes, September 18. 
1971. Born May 22. 1953. 

4. LINDA KAY BRIGGS. Born August 11. 1957. Santa Ana, Calif. 

Children of Janet DeLong Hatch and Leo N. MacDowell 
DONALD SOUTHMAYD MacDOWELL (aka McDOWELL). Born May 23, 
1914 at Los Angeles, he attended UCLA and served as a captain, U.S. 
Air Corps, during World War II. In Denver, Colo., August 4, 1945, he 
married Susan Arnold, daughter of Alan Arnold (1900-63). She was born 
in New York, January 4, 1921. Don has been director of industrial 
relations for Hughes Aircraft and Hardman Aerospace, Los Angeles. 

1. MICHAEL ALAN MacDOWELL. Born January 24, 1946, Santa Monica, 
Calif. 

2. DONNA SUE MacDOWELL. Born May 9. 1950, Santa Monica. 



110 



3 KIRK DAVIS MacDOWELL. Born October 2. 1955. Santa Monica. 

Children of Lydie Adele DeLong and Conrad G. Moller. Jr. 
I CONRAD GERHARD MOLLER 3rd. Aviator and air service operator, he 
was born in Brooklyn, March 24. 1903, and attended New York Military 
Academy In the 1920s he took up flying. He enrolled at Parks Aviation 
College. St. Louis, and graduated as a licensed pilot and mechanic. To- 
gether with his brother, Fred, he built and operated an airport on his 
parents' South Avenue estate in New Canaan. Conn. Opened in 1929. 
Northeastern Air Service, Inc.. included commercial operations and repair 
work, primarily for the New York-to-Florida Airways-Interstate line. A 
flier-classmate at Parks. James F. Haney from Danville. Pa., joined the 
venture as pilot-secretary-treasurer. Moller Field was a focal point for 
early aviation enthusiasts into the 1930s The Moller brothers, along with 
managing the field, did much of the construction work for the two runways 
and eight-craft hangar for their Barling monoplanes. 

"The Moller boys are certainly giving this aviation business a real whirl. " 
reported the Norwalk Hour, "and make no mistake about it Blest with 
plenty of money, and cursed with a fondness for hard work and plenty of 
it. they are getting their field into shape and laying the foundation for a 
real business organization. 

" 'Gosh, we've got to get this thing done.' the Mollers said. You know 
how it is. No work, hard times. But try to get someone to do a rush job. 
It's too cold or wet or else it's Thursday and you might as well wait till the 
first of the week. So we're doing it ourselves.'"'^ 

The Moller hangar, built of wood, was a half-circle with the windows on 
the curving sides. The two-story sectional building resembled an extend- 
ible tunnel that could be easily enlarged for more planes 

As he busily laid roofing paper, Gerry Moller remarked. "We wanted to 
get south for a month's duck hunting, but we've got so darn much to do 
we can't get away. We've got the steam shovel and tractors in. cutting out 
the small hill near the road and we've still got some trees to get out. Then 
as soon as the thaws come, we will know where we need drains and get 
busy putting them in."'^ 

The Moller flight service quickly gained wide acceptance for dependa- 
bility and safety. It expenenced a signal honor in 1930 when flyer 
Amelia Earhart chose Gerry Moller to pilot her and fiance George Palmer 
Putnam from New York to Cleveland in the Mollers' seven-passenger 
Bellanca. 

In 1931 the two brothers expanded their flying operations to Bridgeport 
by leasing and reopening that city's Mollison air field. As president of 
Northeastern Air. Gerry Moller soon made Bridgeport a link in nation- 



Ill 



wide passenger service. American Airways' Stinson planes began daily 
flights to New York and Boston and carried both passengers and mail. 

Then, in June, 1935, disaster struck. A freak hurricane hit the airport, 
leaving extensive damage in its wake. A 35-foot high hangar wall crashed 
to the ground, two flood lights were torn from their stands and smashed, 
and ten airplanes were damaged as the 65-mile-an-hour wind and driving 
rain swept through the massive hangar. Fred Moller and several other 
fliers narrowly and miraculously escaped injury. All the planes had been 
on the field before the storm and brought into the hangar. Fred explained: 

"I had a small job on a Great Lakes trainer and decided to do it during 
the storm. I was explaining some point to the others when we heard a tre- 
mendous noise like an express train. I looked toward the partially opened 
door and saw something like a water spout. No sooner had it started to 
come through the door than we felt a wind of terrific force. I grabbed the 
prop on the Lake, and suddenly it went into the air. I clung as tightly as I 
could but the cloud of water and wind was too great and I dropped to the 
floor. I looked up and the plane was almost to the roof of the hangar, 
about 35 feet off the floor. I saw all of the planes moving about the hangar 
— some in the air, others wheeling about at express speeds. Then there was 
a deafening crash as we all ran out the door. We looked back and saw the 
whole west wall of the hangar ripped out like tissue paper."2° 

Except for a few bruises, no one was injured. But damage estimated at 
$10,000 remained. The economic slump of the '30s, accelerating lease 
agreement payments, and the freak storm led the Mollers to close the air- 
port in 1935. 

Gerry marhed Hilda C. Fowler at Brewster, N.Y., on October 26, 1931. 
She was born March 26, 1904, the daughter of J.E. Fowler. The Mollers 
first lived in Bridgeport and later, New Canaan, where he was elected 
Justice of the Peace (1930). During World War II he worked for Airdrau- 
lics Engineering. In 1964 they moved north to Rutland, Vt. 
FREDERICK DeLONG MOLLER. Aviator and aero-medical designer, he 
was born in New Canaan, Conn., January 4, 1907. He attended Dartmouth 
'30 as a pre-med student but left in his junior year to take up flying. In 1929 
he graduated from Parks Aviation College, and with his brother ran the 
Mollers' Northeastern airfield in New Canaan. In the early '30s Fred 
was one of the best known aviators in the East and, when the operation 
leased Bridgeport Airport, he became vice president and general manager. 

In 1938 he joined the Berger Brothers Company as a sales correspond- 
ent. The New Haven firm, established in 1904, is a diversified soft goods 
manufacturer and perhaps best known through its Spencer Division as the 
maker of ladies' corsets, brassieres and foundation garments. But during 
World War II Berger developed an unconventional lifesaving girdle for 



112 



high flyers. Called the "G" suit, it was conceived by Fred Moller to prevent 
pilot "blackouts." 

From his former associates he was, in 1940. hearing that acceleration 
acting on the pilot prevented full utilization of the strength and speed of 
modern aircraft. With a background in aviation, medicine and physics, 
he suggested to D. Spencer Berger that the company apply its experience 
in designing surgical supports to the creation of an anti-blackout unit. 
Mr Berger readily agreed that a garment to minimize the centrifuging 
of blood away from the brain and the heart would be well within the scope 
of the company's design abilities. His efforts were supplemented by the 
mechanical ingenuity of chief designer Irving R. Versoy and the unflag- 
ging zeal of Fred Moller. who contributed to the design of the equipment, 
supervised extensive installation work in the field, and served as full-time 
ambassador-at-large from the spring of 1940 until the project ended with 
the war in 1945. 

The problem was simple: How can science prevent "G" (the normal 
initial force of gravity) from forcing blood away from the brain into the 
lower extremities of the body? Moller and Berger engineers enlisted the 
cooperation of several aircraft manufacturers, including Sikorsky, 
Grumman and Republic. Test pilots were unanimous that preventive equip- 
ment even in its unrefined stage of development would prove to be a 
tremendous combat aid. The top-secret project received assistance from 
the Army and Navy, and leading research laboratories and clinics After 
three and a half years of constant effort, Berger ultimately developed and 
delivered an ingenious, simple, and wholly dependable antigravity suit of 
nylon and rubber. The unit automatically applied pressure to the pilot's 
abdomen, thighs and calves, whenever "G" force was generated, with the 
pressure supplied by a control valve and the amount delivered propor- 
tionate to need. 

On April 8. 1944. the first shipment of 200 G suits and valves left New 
Haven under armed guard for Newark Airport and re-shipment by air in 
three loads to England. Moller accompanied the anti-blackout equipment, 
which reached its destination six days after the Allied invasion of western 
Europe. The first demonstration of the full worth of the suit caused pilots 
to regard it with respect and even affection. 

The development of this somewhat higher-flying unmentionable, used in 
combat by thousands of pilots, saved many American lives and probably 
hastened the end of the War. Later, in the Korean War, and in outer space 
exploration, many of the original G-suit concepts in a more sophisticated 
version protected fliers and astronauts from inflight unconsciousness.^^ 

During the post-War years. Fred, along with Spencer M. Berger and 
other company associates, pioneered and manufactured Environmental 



113 



Protective Equipment. This division engaged in the concept, design and 
production of inflatable wall and air-supported shelters, underwater anti- 
exposure suits, cold weather protective clothing, and accessories equip- 
ment. 

Fred married Myrtle Foster, daughter of Frederick L. Foster, at Flushing, 
N.Y., on November 9, 1931. She was born June 18. 1907. They lived in 
Orange, Conn., until the mid-1960s. When Fred retired in 1965, they 
settled in Rutland, Vt. 
1 FREDERICK DeLONG MOLLER, JR. Born September 28 1932. Nor- 

walk. Conn. Attended Dartmouth and Hartford Univ. '59. With U.S. 

Air Force at Randolph AFB, Texas, and in Korea. Aeronautical engineer 

for Eastern Industries, Inc. and New England Defense Engineering until 

1969. Now an electrical engineer for Central Vermont Public Service. 

Married Phylis Joan Lawson, daughter of Robert Lawson, at Hamden. 

Conn., August 7, 1954 (div. 1971). 

A RHONDA LEE MOLLER. Born July 2, 1955. 

B BONNIE LYNN MOLLER. Born March 28, 1957 

C TROY DAVID MOLLER. Born March 9 1961. 

D. DARYL ANN MOLLER. Born July 24 1966 
2. DAVID CONRAD MOLLER. Born January 26. 1935. Bridgeport, Conn. 

Military service on Okinawa with the C.B. during Korean War. An artist 

in oils, metal sculpture, and woodwork. Lives in Los Angeles. Calif. 
ADELE MOLLER. Born in New Canaan, Conn., June 2. 1908. she married 
Carl Herman Diehl there on November 15, 1929. The son of Frederick and 
Hermanah Singer Diehl, he was born in Chicago, III., May 2. 1904. A grad- 
uate of Dartmouth '26, he was chosen as a guard on Walter Camp's All- 
American football team in 1925. A member of the N.J. State Guard, he 
worked as a dye chemist and purchasing agent. 

The Diehls first made their home in New Rochelle. N.Y., and from the 
mid-1930s, in Roselle, Westfield and Somerville, N.J. 

1. FREDERICK CONRAD DIEHL. Born February 22, 1931, New Rochelle, 
NY. Married Janice Geneva Niel, October 19, 1953, San Antonio, 
Texas, her birthplace, July 21. 1936. U.S. Air Force veteran. He was 
employed by Shell Oil until 1971 when he opened an auto repair shop 
in New Jersey. 

A GLEN MOLLER DIEHL. Born June 19, 1957. 
B GARY ALLEN DIEHL. Born June 26, 1958. 

2. LYDIE ADELE DIEHL. Born May 26, 1934. Rahway, N.J. Graduate of 
Centenary College '56. Married December 22, 1956 to Richard Perry 
Blye, at Westfield. Son of Esther Perry and Paul Woodbury BIye. Born 
November 11, 1931, Rutherford, N.J. A chemist, he graduated from 
Trinity College and studied at MIT and Rutgers. He is with the National 
Health Institute. Lydie, a medical secretary, was a research head at 



114 



Johnson & Johnson. New Brunswick, N. J., until moving to Maryland in 
1971. 

A. BRUCE KIMBALL BLYE. Born May 16. 1961 

B. KIMBERLY ANN BLYE. Born December 28. 1962. 

3. NANCY DIEHL. Born February 7. 1938. Rahway. N.J. Graduated Har- 
cum Jr. College. Married July 26. 1958. at Westfield. John Spofford 
Goodnow. Son of Dr. Chester L. and Barbara Goodnow. Born April 21. 
1936. Attended Univ. of Florida and Stetson Univ. U.S. Army, White 
Sands Missile Range, N.M. (1958). Lives in Louisiana. 

A. JOHN SPOFFORD GOODNOW, JR. Born December 23. 1961. 
B SHANNUTH LEE GOODNOW. Born August 10. 1963 

4. CARL DeLONG DIEHL. Born December 25. 1945. Newark. N.J. Alum- 
nus of Monmouth (III.) College. Competitive swimmer. With U.S. Air 
Force in Japan and Taiwan. 1970-72. 

Children of Henrietta Ethel DeLong and Paul Rowley 
\. RUTH DeLONG ROWLEY. Born in Brooklyn. December 5, 1908. she 
attended Packer Institute and was married at All Souls on December 9, 
1930. to Edward Dean Halliwell Grubs of Larchmont. NY. The son of 
Frank Valentine and Marie Grace Brooke Grubs, he was born October 
11, 1904 at Webster Groves. Mo. During the 1930s they lived in 
Westchester and later in Glencoe. Ill . where Edward is a manufacturer's 
representative. 

1. BARBARA GRUBS. Born August 21, 1931. Bronxville. NY. Attended 
William Woods College. Fulton. Mo. Married December 27, 1950, 
Glencoe, III., Henry John Diettrich, Jr., son of H.J. and Agnes Buchanan 
Diettrich and born at Highland Park, III., August 20, 1922. A World 
War II veteran, he is a dentist in Glencoe. 

A. SHERI LYNN DIETTRICH. Born October 24. 1951. Highland Park, 
III. College of Santa Fe., N.M., 74. 

B. NINA MARIE DIETTRICH. Born January 12. 1954, Highland Park. 

C. STEPHEN WELLES DIETTRICH. Born August 27. 1956. Highland 
Park. 

D. BRENDA JO DIETTRICH. Born January 27. 1966. Highland Park. 

2. PAUL EDWARD GRUBS. Born June 3. 1934, New Rochelle. N.Y. 
Studied at the Universities of Illinois. Southern California, and Madrid. 
Chemical salesman for Dossett & Jackson at Rolling Hills. Calif. 
Marned Joyce Chudd at Grimli. Manitoba. Canada, May 21, 1960. 
Daughter of John and Ann Oko Chudd. Born January 11, 1935, 
Winnipeg, Canada. 

A. MOLLY ANN GRUBS. Born October 6, 1965, Redondo Beach, 
Calif. 



115 



B. JONATHAN PAUL GRUBS. Born March 23. 1968, Redondo Beach. 

3. JAMES BROOKE GRUBS. Born February 18, 1942. Attended Colorado 
State Univ. Married Judith Lindeman, December 30, 1967, at Appling- 
ton, Iowa. Born there July 30, 1944. Daughter of Shirley Palmer and 
Donald Lindeman, she is a teacher. James is a staff member of St. 
Paul Lutheran Seminary, St. Paul, Minn., his alma mater. 

4. JENNIFER GRUBS. Born February 24, 1949. 

II. DOROTHY ROWLEY. Born March 1, 1911 in Brooklyn, she studied at 
Berkeley Institute, class of 1930. Four years later, on February 16, she 
wed Ralph Benjamin Brady at All Souls. He was born at Mahopac Falls, 
N.Y., February 11, 1902, and was the son of Harry L. and Esther Slawson 
Brady. A Chiropean Club Junior, Dorothy lived at 428 Stratford Road 
during the 1930s, and since 1941 at Mahopac, N.Y. 

1. RUTH ELEANOR BRADY. Born July 7, 1936, Brooklyn. Married at 
Mahopac to Joseph Stuart Leach, December 26, 1955. Son of Ray 
and Agnes Stuart Leach and born in New York, NY., August 16, 1936. 

A. JAN ESTHER LEACH. Born January 22, 1957. 

B. JOY DIANE LEACH. Born January 29. 1958. 

C. JILL SUSANNE LEACH. Born November 30, 1959. 

D. RAY SCOTT LEACH. Born December 3, 1961. 

E. JONI ANNETTE LEACH. Born October 30, 1963. 

2. PATRICIA ANN BRADY. Born September 1 , 1939. Brooklyn. Hospital 
nursery technician. Holly Hill, Fla. Married at Mahopac to John Richard 
Crossan, October 1 3, 1 962 Son of Charles Francis and Hazel Stillwagen 
Crossan. Born April 24, 1938, Smock, Pa. Member of the U.S. Air 
Force, 1961-65. 

A JOHN RICHARD CROSSAN, JR. Born July 4, 1965 

3. SUSAN ROWLEY BRADY. Born July 27, 1942. Mahopac, N.Y. Mar- 
ried March 21, 1964, Mahopac, to Charles Robert Maudlin. Born 
February 15, 1939, Birmingham, Ala. Son of Roy Leon and Edna 
Vickers Maudlin. 

A. LARA SUE MAUDLIN. Born April 12, 1967. 

B CHARLES ROBERT MAUDLIN, JR. Born November 9, 1968 

C. ALISON EDNA MAUDLIN. Born August 10, 1971, Huntsville, Ala. 

4. RICHARD RALPH BRADY. Born December 2, 1948. 

5. JUDY LYNN BRADY. Born December 18. 1950. 

II. ELIZABETH ROWLEY. Born in Brooklyn, April 3, 1914, she attended 
Berkeley Institute '32 and Flatbush College. Betty married Allen Eugene 
Porteous at West Ghent, N.Y., on December 20, 1952. The son of 
Frederick and Alice Porteous, he was born at Lisbon, Portugal, May 16, 
1922, and is a senior laboratory specialist for I.B.M. at Fishkill, N.Y. 



116 



1. BONNIE ETHEL PORTEOUS. Born October 12. 1953. Hudson. NY. 
Dutchess Community College 75. 

2. ALICE E. PORTEOUS. Born April 1. 1955, HydePark. NY. 

3. WILLIAM A. PORTEOUS. Born November 12, 1959, Hyde Park. 
IV CORNELIA PAUL ROWLEY. A physical education and health teacher, 

she was born in Brooklyn, January 31, 1922, and attended Berkeley 
Institute and Sargent College of Boston University. She has taught in a 
number of Albany and Schenectady elementary and secondary schools, 
including Notre Dame High School. Marylrose Academy. Rosendal School 
and Mercy High School On January 16. 1944 at White Plains. NY., she 
married Walter Harrison Raab of the U.S. Army. The son of Harrison 
Morton and Florence Lapham Raab, he was born at Valatie, N.Y.. March 
18. 1920. and is a felt manufacturer (Albany Felt Co.). 

1. PAULA SUE RAAB. Born March 8. 1947. Schenectady, NY. Grad- 
uate of Hope College. Holland. Mich. A teacher and member of the 
Schenectady Civic Players and the Merrimoppets. 

2. TIMOTHY H. RAAB. Born February 20. 1950, Schenectady. State 
Univ. of N.Y. at Albany 72. 

3. CHRISTINA CLOW RAAB. Born July 27. 1954. Schenectady. 

Children of Sara Emma DeLong and Carll I. Kellogg 
I. MARJORIE JANE KELLOGG. Born in Brooklyn, August 27. 1917, she 
graduated from Wellesley '39 and married Joseph MacFarlane at Lake 
Mahopac on August 10, 1940. He was born in Glasgow, Scotland. April 
20. 1915. and was the son of Robert C. and Rose Anne Crawley Mac- 
Farlane. He attended Columbia University and in the late 1930s joined 
the Hall Brothers Greeting Card Co. of Kansas City. Mo. As Hallmark 
Cards (since 1954), it is today the largest such manufacturer in the world; 
Mr. MacFarlane is regional sales manager, located in New York. A U.S. 
Army captain in World War II (E.T.O.), he holds the Bronze Star and 
Croix de Guerre, and is a Mason. 

A piano teacher, Marjorie MacFarlane is president of St. Mary's School 
(Peekskill, N.Y.) Alumnae Association and a member of the Westchester 
Hills Golf Club, N . Y . Wellesley Club, and Society of the Order of Founders 
and Patriots of America. 

1. KATHLEEN KELLOGG MacFARLANE. Born May 18, 1947, New York, 
N.Y. Graduate of Denison University '69. Married January 31, 1970, 
Warren Grimes (Ted) Hall, White Plains, N.Y. Son of Hugh and Virgin- 
ia Grimes Hall. Born July 14,1948, Dayton, Ohio. Alumnus of Denison. 
Both students of painting and sculpture at the University of Arizona, 
Tucson. 

2. DORIS DeLONG MacFARLANE. Born July 27, 1949, New York. N.Y. 



117 



Denison University 71 . Junior year at the Sorbonne. Married Frederick 

Ramshyre Walton, August 1. 1971, at Lake Mahopac. Son of Barbara 

Ramshyre and Frederick H. Walton. Born May 14, 1949. Denison 71. 

II. DORIS ANITA KELLOGG. Born Decennber 1, 1919. Died at Brooklyn, 

April 19, 1920 (GW). 
III. DeLONG ORCUTT (Bud) KELLOGG. President and founder of Tom Kat. 
Inc., he was born in Brooklyn, April 26, 1921. Educated at St. Lawrence 
University, he opened his retail sporting goods shop in 1947 at Lake 
Mahopac. In World War II DeLong served in the U.S. Naval Air Corps. An 
avid skier, he helped to develop skiing at Putnam County's Birch Hill, and 
is a member of the Mahopac Golf and Rotary clubs. 

On February 17, 1945 at Jacksonville, Fla., he married Elizabeth Davis 
(roommate of his sister Janet at St. Lawrence and class of '44). She was 
born February 9, 1923 at Auburn, N. Y.. and is the daughter of Edward R. 
and Helen Jaekel Davis. 

1. THOMAS ORCUTT KELLOGG. Born January 7, 1947, Mahopac, N.Y. 
Married Kathleen D. Williams, June 8, 1968, at Utica, N.Y. Daughter 
of Roger H. Williams. Born May 1, 1946. Both graduates of St. 
Lawrence Univ. '68 (she, a roommate of his cousin Audrey Johnson). 
Tom is Cornell Law '71 with highest honors. Kathleen attended 
Cornell's department of child development and family relationships. 
A ELIZABETH WILLIAMS KELLOGG. Born September 23, 1971, 

Utica, N.Y. 

2. JEFFREY DAVIS KELLOGG. Born September 5. 1948, Mahopac, 
N.Y. St. Lawrence '70. U.S. Army, helicopter training. 

3. DAVID DeLONG KELLOGG. Born April 19, 1952, Mahopac, N.Y. 
St. Lawrence, '74. 

IV. JANET ELIZABETH KELLOGG. Born in Brooklyn, January 21, 1923, 

she graduated from St. Lawrence '44. On June 16, 1945 she married 

Russell Croswell Johnson, M.D., at Lake Mahopac. The son of Helen 

Entz and Ivan T. Johnson, he was born at White Plains, N.Y., November 

12, 1922. Dr. Johnson, who has a private practice there and specializes 

in internal medicine, is a graduate of N.Y. Medical College '47. He is an 

attending physician at St. Agnes, Grasslands, and White Plains Hospitals, 

and a member of the board of directors, NYS Society of Internal Medicine, 

and Sons of the Revolution. In 1970-71 he studied Public Health under 

a grant at the University of Michigan. Janet is a member of the White 

Plains Woman's Club and recipient of the PTA Jenkins Award. 

1. AUDREY ELLEN JOHNSON. Born Whife Plains. July 17, 1946. St. 

Lawrence '68. Married Russell Allen Mineo, January 25, 1969, White 

Plains. Son of Muriel Wilson and Salvatore Mineo. Born Brooklyn, 

November26, 1942. U.S. Army, N.G. 



118 



A THOMAS ALLEN MINEO. Born April 10. 1971. Atlanta. Ga. 

2, SARA CAROLYN JOHNSON. Born White Plains, January 31, 1948. 
Ithaca College Medical Assistant, Atlanta. Ga. 

3 BARBARA ELIZABETH JOHNSON. Born White Plains, October 2, 
1949 Attended NYS University, Geneseo Married Thomas Robert 
Boro, December 28, 1969. White Plains Son of Diana Palaukas and 
Frank E Boro. Born New York, September 26, 1947. U.S. Army, 1970- . 

A Brooklyn Postscript 

In Betty Smith's popular novel. A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, the heroine. 
Francie, decides, "if there is anything new or different, some part of it must 
be in Brooklyn end I must be used to it and wouldn't be able to notice it if 
I came across it." 

Brooklyn today is part reality, part myth, and part memory — especially 
to those DeLongs who once lived in the borough across the river It still is 
a city of neighborhoods and sections where life centers around home, church. 
and community. There are signs of decay and signs of growth — a mixture 
of depressing problems as well as shining attributes. And ghettos as real 
as any other city of three million people. A metropolis that has many faces, 
from the Heights to Bergen Beach. Old Williamsburg is an Orthodox Jewish 
enclave. South of Prospect Park, Flatbush keeps its lavish dwellings and 
well-tended lawns. Canarsie. once swamp grass and dumps, is today a suburb 
of expensive homes and young families. Downtown Brooklyn with its tall 
buildings and small offices is as busy as ever. 

To some. Brooklyn is the end of the world, full of maze-like cemeteries 
and pressed together, red-brick houses. To others it's a many-faceted cultural 
and architectural arena. But cities, like people, are never quite perfect. Nor 
is the past. 



119 



IX 
CITY SIBLINGS 



While Joseph DeLong's grandchildren and great-grandchildren numbered 
two or three score, his nieces and nephews, grand and great, numbered m 
the hundreds. Today, the offsprmg of Joseph's brothers and sisters, spread 
over five or six generations, are legionary. A chronicle of all Moses DeLong's 
progeny is beyond the scope of this compendium. The Huguenot family 
portrait only encompasses the three brothers and a sister who joined Joseph 
to comprise the earliest DeLongs of New York City and Brooklyn. 

Of these Pennsylvania-born siblings — Lydia. Abraham, Jonathan and 
Levi — Abraham lived in New York less than ten years. He left the city in 
1842 for Illinois where all but three of his twelve children were born; his 
seven sons and five daughters are included in this chapter, but not all 
their descendants. 

Lydia and Jonathan were the first to settle in Manhattan, probably not 
much later than 1825. Abraham, Joseph and Levi followed in the 1830s 
All save Levi had large families. Joseph raised four sons and two daughters 
Jonathan, who died at the young age of 40, had five sons. And Lydia, 
whose life spanned 97 years, produced four children. Their descendants, 
although separated by time and distance, have roots in New York and 
Brooklyn. To some, the link is tenuous; for others, it is tangible. To a few, 
the tie's remote or been forgotten. But for all. it is their heritage, full of 
episodes, events, and people . . . but mostly people. 

They include: Ethel deLong Zande who founded a rural settlement school 
in mountainous Kentucky; Civil War vet John Schaefer. a city boy on a 
Zanesville. Ohio, farm; young, determined George Washington DeLong, a 
mariner through and through; his cousin Ed who joined two family branches 
by marrying George's maternal cousin (and adopted sister), and nonagen- 
arians. Lena and Lillian Schaefer — proof that longevity and vitality come 
in family-size portions. 

The matriarch of the early New York DeLongs was LYDIA DeLONG. Born 
June 24, 1803 at Bowers, she came to the City about 1825 and probably 
shared quarters with her older sister. Catharine, in a lower Manhattan 
rooming house. During the next dozen or so years, four younger brothers 
joined them in New York. 

Lydia married German-born John Schaefer (aka Schafer) on July 23. 1832. 
They were members of the German Reformed Church at 21 Forsyth Street. 
New York, and near their home. 202 Hester. In the 1840s. they moved to 



121 



Williamsburgh and lived at 199 North 1st Street (1859). John, born July 
25, 1 807, worked as a grate and ironrailing maker. He died December 1 6, 1 863. 
Lydia survived him by nearly 40 years. An agile nonagenarian with remark- 
able recall of incidents from her youth, she died of pneumonia at 97 on 
March 10, 1900 (GW).^ Lydia and John's issue and descendants are: 

I. MAGDELENA SCHAEFER. Born December, 1834, she died at T/i years, 
July 16, 1837. 

II. JOSEPH SCHAEFER. Born October 3, 1836, Joseph worked at the 
Brooklyn Navy Yard early in the Civil War.^ On June 18, 1863 he married 
Mary Ann Corbett. The Rev. Jonathan Greenleaf, pastor of the Presby- 
terian Church of East Brooklyn, conducted the ceremony. Mary, daughter 
of Sarah Dyke and Thomas Corbett, was born in New York, November 5, 
1835. Mr. Corbett came to this country from England when a young man. 
In 1838 he settled in the Eastern District where he was widely known. 
With his son, Thomas, Jr., he ran a successful stencil cutting business. 
He died at age 68 on December 7, 1878 (GW). 

The young Schaefers lived at 323 South 2nd Street, a road replete 
with relatives. Joseph Schaefer worked as a smith. In 1875 he joined 
Crusaders Lodge of the Odd Fellows and was a member for 50 years. 
Mary Ann died January 30, 1914. Joseph soon moved to Passaic, N.J., 
where he died November 7, 1917 (GW). Only a daughter outlived them. 

1. JOHN C. SCHAEFER. Born August 16, 1864 and died December 1, 
1864 (GW). 

2 LYDIA ADELAIDE (Lillian) SCHAEFER. Born February 25, 1866, in 
Brooklyn, she died there at 441 6th Street, Park Slope, on June 1 , 1 962 
at age 96 (GW). Lillian married Fred Wheeler Campbell on July 21, 
1888. The Rev. N. W. Wells officiated at the South 3rd Street parsonage. 
They were divorced four years later and Lil resumed her maiden name. 
A stenographer for the Erie Railroad in Passaic, she retired in the 
1930s with 50 years' service. Lil was a D.A.R. with E Pluribus Unum 
Chapter. Washington, D.C. (1924-35). 

3. JOSEPH SCHAEFER, JR. Born November 26, 1873 and died the 
following year, on May 22 (GW). 

III. JOHN SCHAEFER, JR. As a young man, he sought greener pastures as 
a farmer in the Midwest. Born April 20, 1839 in New York, John left 
Brooklyn in the early 1860s to visit his uncle Abraham DeLong at Varna, 
III. At the time, several of Abraham's sons enlisted in the Union Army. 
He and his neighbors needed laborers to replace those hands in uniform 
and John stayed to help. But, In August. 1862, he, too, went off to war. 



122 



John signed up at Wenona. III., with Capt. Thomas F. Vaughns 
Battery. Springfield Light Artillery. The unit numbered 120 men and 
officers recruited for terms of three years. On November 1. 1862 the 
unit was ordered to the front at Bolivar. Tenn . to join the 16th Army 
Corps under Bng. Gen. (Vlason Brayman. John rose to the rank of ser- 
geant in September. 1863. the month he participated in the capture of 
Little Rock, Ark. The Battery also cooperated with Gen Banks' Red 
River expedition and fought in the battles of Prane D'Ann and Jenkins 
Ferry. In 1864 John was commissioned a lieutenant and spent the last 
year of the war at Little Rock.^ 

John returned to Wenona, where he met Sarah Helen Willey, a local 
schoolteacher. She was born near Zanesville. Ohio. July 5, 1841 and was 
the daughter of Jesse G. and Kathleen Griffith Willey. John wrote the 
Willeys back in Gratiot, Ohio, for permission to marry their daughter "It 
is with much embarrassment that I write to you. personally strangers to 
me, but the necessity of the case will I hope excuse the breach." he 
noted. "The subject that I would broach is one of lifetime interest to 
your daughter and myself ... Miss S.H. Willey has promised to become 
my wife and referred me to you. and without your consent all amounts 
to nothing " 

John waited nearly two month§ for an answer. "Having no acquaintance 
whatever with you," replied Mr. Willey, "we leave the whole matter 
with Sarah, hoping it may all be for the better."" 

Eight months later, on December 6, Sarah and John were married by 
the Rev. James White at Hopewell Township, Ohio. The Schaefers and 
the Willeys soon were farming together at Gratiot. John cultivated 100 
acres of wheat, corn, and livestock, and raised two sons and three 
daughters. He died May 23. 1919 at Zanesville; Sarah, in 1922 (Poplar 
Fork. Gratiot). Progenitor of a branch that would grow quite large and 
noticeably flourish in academe. John Schaefer, ex-Brooklynite. found a 
farmer's life in Ohio to his liking. 

1. MARY HELEN SCHAEFER. Born near Zanesville, October 15. 1867, 

she married Hyatt and died May 15. 1899 without issue 

(Pop. Fork). 

2. DANIEL JOOST SCHAEFER. A chemistry teacher, he taught in Dres- 
den and Shelby, Ohio, and from 1913-38 at Cleveland's East Technical 
High School. He was born February 25, 1869 at Gratiot and graduated 
from Ohio Northern University in 1896. For many years he was active 
in Masonic work and in organizations for the promotion of better 
schools. Daniel married (1) Anna McKay, daughter of George B. and 
Lizzie Barbour McKay, on June 9. 1897. She was born September 24, 



123 



1869 at Osborn, Ohio, and died in Cleveland in 1918. On September 
2. 1919. Daniel wed (2) Elizabeth May Woodhead, a home economics 
teacher and graduate of Michigan Normal College. Born May 6, 1891 
in Manistee. Mich., she was the daughter of William and Minnie Marcy 
Woodhead and a member of the D.A.R., Eastern Star, and civic and 
school organizations. After Daniel's death in Ada, Ohio, October 8, 
1948, she married in 1953, George Martin. She died in Bradenton, Fla., 
October 25, 1959 (West Bend, Wis.). 

A. HELEN SCHAEFER. Born at Mt. Sterling, Ohio, August 2, 1898, 
she was associated with a general insurance agency in Cleveland 
for 50 years. 

B. JOHN McKAY SCHAEFER. Born in Gratiot, August 26, 1899, 
he attended various schools in Ohio where his father taught. He 
married Lilla Lavinia Moore at Lorain in March, 1929. The daughter 
of Genevieve Louise Archer and William George Moore, she was 
born in Jamestown, N.Y., March 19, 1902 and died at Mentor, 
Ohio, on June 28, 1964. John, now retired, was a civilian employee 
of the U.S. Army Engineers, in military procurement. Rivers & 
Harbors Department. He served in France with the 135th Field 
Artillery, 37th Division during World War I. 

a. ANN MARIE SCHAEFER. Born December 29, 1929, Cleveland. 
Studied at Lake Erie College and Miami (Ohio) Univ. '54. 
Secretary with Harsen and Johns, architects, Tenafly, N.J. Mar- 
ned Bruce Orville Baker at Willoughby, Ohio, June 21 , 1958. Son 
of Lillian Murphy and Ernest Bryer Baker and born in New York, 
October 4, 1930. U.S. Army in Korea, 1951-53. Univ. of Pennsyl- 
vania '57. A market analyst with General Motors, New York. 
President in 1969 of the Republican Club of Tenafly, his home 
since ca. 1940. 

la. JENNIFER MOORE BAKER. Born October 23. 1968. Engle- 
wood, N.J. 

b. JOHN McKAY SCHAEFER, JR. He was born in Cleveland, 
January 22, 1932 and grew up in Mentor, Ohio, where he owns 
and manages a tavern and other real estate. While serving with 
the U.S. Army at Fort Monmouth, N.J., he married (1) Sarah 
Cutano at Neptune on September 11, 1949. The daughter of 
Caroline Gilia and Matthew Cutano, she was born in Connecti- 
cut, August 15, 1930 (div.). In Mentor on October 21, 1952, 
John wed (2) Sandra H. Merrick who was born in Painesville, 
August 28, 1934 (div.). John married (3) Jo Ann Wilson at 
Cumberland, Md.. March 15, 1958. The daughter of Arluff 
Wilson, she was born in Minerva, Ohio, May 3, 1939. 



124 



la. IRENE ALICE SCHAEFER. Born August 19. 1950, Paines- 
ville. Ohio. Married Harold Joline, son of Marie Pais and 
George Earl Joline. at Long Branch. N.J., October 9, 1967. 
He was born in Long Branch. November 23, 1949, and is a 
warehouseman. 

A1. SHERRY ANN JOLINE. Born April 24, 1968. Long 
Branch. N.J. 
2a. KAREN MARIE SCHAEFER. Born July 23. 1953. Paines- 

ville. Married there to Gary Johnson in 1971. 
3a. LESLIE ANN SCHAEFER. Born December 13. 1954, Paines- 

ville. 
4a JOHN McKAY SCHAEFER, III. Born October 9. 1959. 
Painesville. 
c ROBERT DANIEL SCHAEFER. Born October 3, 1935. Paines- 
ville. Univ. of Nebraska 71. Career serviceman, U.S. Air Force 
(1952- ). Married Juliette McMorris at San Antonio. Tex.. 
November 17, 1961. Born Denison, Tex.. October 4. 1943. 
Daughter of Trudy L. Harrison and Ira F. McMorris. Senior 
M. Sgt. Schaefer is an aerospace control & warning systems 
superintendent. His awards include the Bronze Star (for service 
in Thailand, 1966-67) and A.F. Commendation Medal. 
C. JOSEPH LOWRY SCHAEFER. Born in Dresden, Ohio, November 
8, 1900, he attended Ohio State University, 1921-25. He joined 
Swift & Co. and held posts in their domestic and Canadian 
credit departments, at Cleveland, Pittsburgh, Winnipeg, and Toron- 
to. He also served as a director of The Canadian Credit Men's 
Trust Association, Ltd. and the Winnipeg Better Business Bureau 
(1944). He retired as Swift credit manager in 1962 after 37 years. 
Schaefer married Ruth Henrietta Leander, a primary grade teacher, 
at Detroit, June 30, 1934. The daughter of Andrew Gustave and 
Ellen Jacobson Leander, she was born in Eveleth, Minn., September 
8. 1906. 

a. MILDRED ELLEN SCHAEFER. Born July 25. 1935, Winnipeg, 
Manitoba. Attended the Univ. of Pittsburgh and Univ. of Chicago. 
Married Marshall Sanford Levine. January 24, 1965, Sudbury, 
Mass. Born in Worcester, Mass., July 30, 1933, he is the son of 
Helen Friedman and Charles Levine. Vice President and engineer, 
Geometric Data Corp., Wayne, Pa. 
la. DAVID ERIK LEVINE. Born September 23, 1966, Boston, 

Mass. 
2a. DANIEL SCHAEFER LEVINE. Born July 7, 1968, Long 
Branch, N.J. 



125 



b. JOANN SCHAEFER. Born July 21, 1936, Winnipeg. A teacher, 
she attended Franklin (Ind.) College. Wed Ronald Walker Brown, 
son of Frederick W. and Irene I. Walker Brown. June 22, 1957 at 
Lakewood, Ohio. Born at Toledo, April 16, 1932, he served as 
a 1st Lieut., U.S. Army Ordnance, and is a mechanical engineer 
in Minneapolis. 

la. TERESA LYNN BROWN. Born August 4, 1958, Toledo. 

2a. PAMELA CAROL BROWN. Born July 8, 1959, Toledo. 

3a RICHARD CHARLES BROWN. Born September 29. 1960. 

LaCrosse, Wis. 
4a. WENDY CATHERINE BROWN. Born October 10, 1966. 

Lexington, Ky. 

c. WILLIAM LEANDER SCHAEFER. A chemical engineer for Fel- 
Pro, Inc., Skokie. III., he was born September 25. 1938. at 
Winnipeg. Graduated Penn State Univ. and served as 1st. Lieu- 
tenant, U.S. Army Air Defense Artillery, 1962-64. Married No- 
vember 28, 1963, El Paso, Tex., Susanne Virginia Cox. Daughter 
of Alton J. and Olive Reid Cox. Born January 26, 1938, 
Roanoke, Va. 

la. STEVEN SCHAEFER. Born November 26, 1967. 

2a. CARL SCHAEFER. Born November 26, 1967. 

3a. ELIZABETH ANN SCHAEFER. Born March 30. 1969. 

d. MARGARET SCHAEFER. Born AphI 15. 1941, Winnipeg. Mar- 
ried Vincent Caulfield at Cleveland. June 23. 1962. A World War 
II veteran, he was born September 24, 1908. Home is Rocky 
River, Ohio. 

la. RUTH ANN CAULFIELD. Born March 24. 1963. Cleveland. 
D. MARY SCHAEFER. Born October 25, 1901 at Dresden, Ohio, she 
grew up in Cleveland and married Wilmer Dickas Schroeder, Sr. 
there, August 17, 1925. The son of Frederick John and Frances 
Dickas Schroeder, he was born in that city, August 6. 1903. 
President-treasurer of the Schroeder Book & News Store, he started 
in this family firm, founded 1909. at age 16. The shop on downtown 
Cleveland's Public Square is a local landmark serving hundreds 
of customers every day of the year. Co-owners of the popular estab- 
lishment, the Schroeders say: "Coming to work is like attending a 
reunion of your friends, with new ones joining the party all the 
time."^ 

a CAROL FRANCES SCHROEDER. Born May 15. 1930, Cleve- 
land. Attended Cuyahoga Co. Community College. Married 
Thomas Radway Jones, October 25. 1952, Cleveland. Born 
December 23. 1930. Oswego. N.Y.. and the son of Thomas 



126 



Frederick and Mary Isobelle Radway Jones Served with U.S. 
Naval Reserve, 1949-58. Industrial engineer. Dov^ Chemical, and 
member of Soc of Professional Engineers, 
la ROBIN LYNNE JONES. Born April 25, 1955 
2a CHARLES RADWAY JONES. Born April 13. 1960. 
3a. ELIZABETH ANN JONES. Born May 19, 1961. 
4a THOMAS FREDERICK JONES, II. Born January 16. 1963 
b. JUDITH MARY SCHROEDER. Born October 5, 1933. Cleveland. 
A teacher, she attended Hiram College and Univ. of Houston. 
Married (1) Benton Summers Russell, III. June 6. 1953, Cleveland. 
Born there. May 15. 1930 (div, 1964). Married (2) Harold Pyle. 
August 2, 1966 at Clearwater. Fla. An attorney in Boulder, Colo, 
he was born in Houston in 1934. 

la. DAVID BENTON RUSSELL. Born November 14. 1957. 
2a STEPHEN ALLEN RUSSELL. Born April 8. 1960 
c WILMER DiCKAS SCHROEDER, JR. Born February 4, 1942, 
Cleveland. Attended Kent State. 1960-62. U.S. Coast Guard 
Reserve, 1962-69. Vice-president and sales manager, Schroed- 
er Book & News. Inc. Married October 6. 1968. Cleveland, to 
Kathleen Keylor Webb, born February 21. 1947 at Tampa, Fla. 
la. NOELLE SCHROEDER. Born October 6, 1969. 
ELIZABETH SCHAEFER. Born in Dresden. Ohio. February 16, 
1903. she attended schools in Cleveland. On June 17. 1921, she 
married there. Royal Grace Harrison. An electrician, he was born 
in New York and the son of Laura Josephine Grace and Henry 
Leslie Harrison. Royal served in World War I and died at Ontario. 
Calif., July 25. 1965 (Rosecrans Mil. Cem.). A Californian since the 
1940s, Elizabeth lives in Santa Cruz County. 

a ROYAL GRACE HARRISON, JR. Born September 21, 1924, 
Cleveland, he is an electronics research engineer. Royal served 
on U.S. Navy submarines during World War II and flew with 
Air Force B-29's in the Korean War. He married at the end of 
the War and had two children. About four years later, he wed a 
second time and sired five daughters and a son. In 1965 in Los 
Angeles. Royal married (3) Barbara Elizabeth Lyon James. She 
was born January 19, 1922 and the daughter of Elizabeth 
Brewer and Walter I. Lyon. 

la STEVEN MICHAEL HARRISON. Born July 3. 1946. 
2a KATHLEEN ANN HARRISON. Born August 3, 1948 
3a. LINDA IRENE HARRISON. Born September 1. 1949 Mar- 
ried Wayne Solee in 1964. 
A1. COLEEN ANN SOLEE. Born December 13, 1965. 



127 



A2. WAYNE SOLEE, JR. Born December 3. 1969. 
4a MAUREEN DIANE HARRISON. Born August 3, 1952 Mar- 
ried John A. Campbell in 1970. 
5a ELIZABETH ETHEL HARRISON. Born October 8, 1955. 
6a ROYAL GRACE HARRISON, III. Born June 15, 1959 
7a LAURA ELLEN HARRISON. Born March 13. 1961 
8a. META COLLEEN HARRISON. Born December 20. 1962 

b. ELIZABETH ANN HARRISON. Born February 6, 1927, Cleve- 
land. Married (1) William Tucker in 1943 (div.). and in 1957 (2) 
Clare Graydon Daniels, a plastics research engineering aide with 
Philco-Ford. Born August 20, 1919, Long Beach, Calif. Son of 
Helen Robert and Cecil C. Daniels. Served in U.S. Navy. World 
War II. 

la. CHERI ANN TUCKER. Born June 19, 1944, San Francisco. 
Attends Salvation Army Cadet Training School, Chicago. 

c. HELEN GRACE HARRISON. Born March 20, 1930, Cleveland. 
Married Donald Milton Young in 1948 at Yuma, Ariz. He served 
with the U.S. Navy and is a motor carrier operator based in 
Los Angeles. 

la. LINDA LEE YOUNG. Born June 10. 1949. Ontario, Calif. 
Married Craig Walters at Los Angeles in 1968. 
A1. ALISA LEE WALTERS. Born August 15, 1971. 
2a DONALD MILTON YOUNG, JR. Born November 2, 1951, 

Ontario. 
3a. PATRICK DALE YOUNG. Born March 1, 1953, Ontario. 
4a. HELEN GRACE YOUNG. Born August 26, 1956. Ontario, 
d LAURA JOSEPHINE HARRISON. Born March 19. 1936, Sedal- 
ia. Mo. Univ. of Calif, at Berkeley '67. Occupation: artist. Her 
husband since July 11. 1967 at Minden, Nev., is Brian Donald 
Rooke. Son of Donald Rooke and born July 19, 1934 at Croyden. 
England. He is an engineering manager in California, 
la NANETTE ELIZABETH ROOKE. Born June 2, 1969. Los 

Gatos, Calif. 
2a. HEATHER JEAN ROOKE. Born January 29, 1971. Los 
Gatos. 
SARAH SCHAEFER. Born February 5, 1907, Dresden, Ohio, she 
grew up in Cleveland and later moved to Honolulu where she 
married January 8. 1948. She was wed to Edward Earl Williams of 
the U.S. Navy (div.). He was born at Gunther, Texas, April 2, 1926 
and a son of Ada L. Davidson and Emmett Williams. Sarah is a 
telephone operator and lives in Waipahu, Hawaii, 
a. SARAH ANNA WILLIAMS. Born June 24, 1951, Honolulu. 



128 



Married there to Dennis Peter Elaban on November 27, 1970. 

A U.S. Air Force sergeant based on Oahu. he was born at 

Wailuku, Mauri. November 30. 1950 and is a son of Marie 

Castillo and Peter Elaban. 

la DENNIS PETER KELII ELABAN. Born June 1. 1971, Hono- 
lulu. 
G. EDMUND WILLEY SCHAEFER. Voted Teacher of the Month and 
Optimist of the Year by a number of service clubs, Ed Schaefer 
is one of the most popular and influential teacher-administrators 
in Panama City, Fla. He joined Bay High School in the mid-1950s 
as a math instructor, later became department head and principal, 
and now is supervisor in the Bay County School system. Ed believes 
that an outstanding teacher must have the ability to understand 
students, to get the subject across, and to cooperate with students 
and faculty. His advice to students is "Aim high, work hard, and 
you'll get there," and he has counseled, led, and advised them in 
every way towards this goal since 1947.^ 

Born in Cleveland, Ohio, June 1, 1924, he holds degrees from 
Ohio Northern and Bowling Green State '52. He served in the US 
Coast Guard during World War II and Ohio National Guard. 1947- 
49. On May 24, 1948 at Ada, Ohio, he married Imogene Vernell 
Chidester. She is the daughter of Roy and Roberta Church Chidester 
and was born at Lima, January 17, 1921. 

An avid participator in community affairs, Ed has served as 
president of three groups: Optimist Club of Panama City, Oakland 
Terrace PTA, and Bay County Math Teachers (with whom he has 
instituted the new "Modern Math" system). He is a member of the 
Panama Country Club, College Point Men's Club, and numerous 
professional organizations. He also is a Mason and a lay leader at 
St. Andrew Methodist Church, 
a. MICHAEL WALTER SCHAEFER. Born July 12. 1954, Tampa, 

Fla. 
H. ELOISE SCHAEFER. The daughter, wife, and mother of teachers, 
she was inspired to return to the classroom as a Baldwin-Wallace 
College student with the class of '72. Enrolled first at Ohio State. 
1943-44. and trained as a R.N. (1947) at St. Luke's Hospital, 
Cleveland, she married July 19, 1946 and raised three sons. Eloise 
was born in Cleveland, May 17, 1925 and grew up in Ada, birth- 
place of her husband, Lee J. Tressel, on February 12, 1925. 

Named Ohio Coach-of-the-Year in 1961, Dr. Lee Tressel is ath- 
letic director and head football coach at Baldwin-Wallace in Berea. 
He joined the Yellow Jacket gridders in 1958 and at the end of the 



129 



1971 season (his 14th) he had compiled a 82-36-5 record at his 
alma mater. In 1961 — his best year to date — his team emerged 
unbeaten and untied in a nine-game series. 

The son of D. Lee and Cora Wolfley Tressel, he enrolled at Ohio 
State in 1943, but soon joined the Navy V-12 program and was 
assigned to Baldwin-Wallace. "Twister" Tressel played fullback for 
the '43, '44, '46 and '47 varsities under Ray Watts. After graduation, 
he spent two years as football coach at Ada High School before 
moving to similar posts at Mentor (1950-56) and Massillon (1956- 
58). At Mentor he established a 34-game winning streak at the 
conclusion of three undefeated seasons. His 23-year personal record 
stands at 152-56-5. 

"The longer you're at something the more you know," Coach 
Tressel says. "Every job I've taken has been with the attitude that 
I'd be there the rest of my life. Along with the proper attitude 
you need luck and a run of good material."^ 

The possessor of a master's degree from Ohio State '49 and a 
doctorate from Indiana University "68, he adheres to a coaching 
philosophy that players must be treated as individuals but reality 
dictates that sometimes rights must be sacrificed for the good of the 
team. "I'm not a strict disciplinarian," Tressel adds, "and if I have 
a basic rule it is simply, an athlete must do what's good for himself 
and what's good for the team. 

"Many of the things that the older generation finds so upsetting 
are cyclical m nature. Kids have always shown some degree of 
defiance, but on the whole I think that youth today are more honest 
in expressing themselves. The drug problem is in the same state 
that alcohol and tobacco were 30 years ago, but of course, it does 
present more of a threat. You can educate anyone on the evils of 
something but if no motive exists for rejecting the detrimental 
element, it may not be enough. Athletics can be that motive." 

a. RICHARD EDWARD TRESSEL. Born April 5, 1948, Columbus, 
Ohio. Baldwin-Wallace '70. Attended Florida State Univ., 1970- 
71. Teacher-football coach at Gibsonburg (Ohio) High School. 
Married Connie Allynette Phillips, daughter of William G. and 
Laverne Evenden Phillips, on August 1, 1970 at Berea. Born 
May 12, 1948, Cleveland. 

b. DAVID LEE TRESSEL. Born March 29, 1951, Painesville, Ohio. 
Baldwin-Wallace '73. 

c. JAMES PATRICK TRESSEL. Born December 5, 1952, Paines- 
ville. Baldwin-Wallace '75. 



130 



3 EDMUND DeLONG SCHAEFER. Born October 2, 1870. he died un- 

married in his 29th year, May 22, 1899 (Pop. Fork). 

4 LENA AUGUSTA SCHAEFER. She lived from September 22, 1872 
to March 26, 1971 — 18 months less the century mark. Born in 
Gratiot, she was educated in Brooklyn and Ada. where she attended 
Ohio Northern University. She received her AB degree from the Uni- 
versity of Chicago in 1907. Lena taught Latin for 30 years in the 
Zanesville school system and retired in 1936 (Pop. Fork). 

5 LYDIA GRIFFITH (aka KATHERINE) SCHAEFER. She wed Thomas 
F Hamilton about 1910 and lived in Glenford, Ohio. He was the son 
of Daniel G. and Margaret Morton Hamilton. A farmer, he died at 
age 74 on January 2, 1959. Lydia, born October 10. 1882, attended 
the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music and taught piano. She died 
July 13, 1968 (Brownsville. Ohio). 

IV MARY ELIZABETH SCHAEFER. Born in Brooklyn. January 20, 1845, 
she was married by the Rev. John D. Wells to William H. Farrell. Witnesses 
to the September 3. 1865 event were Mary E. Taylor and William Vincent. 
Farrell, born August 30, 1838 in Nova Scotia, was the son of William 
and Catharine Allen Farrell. He is listed as a bookkeeper in Brooklyn 
directories. 

The Farrells lived at 68 South 9th Street (1869) and later, 231 Hewes 
Street, where William died June 9, 1905, and Mary, on April 1, 1911(GW). 

A frequent visitor to Hewes Street at the turn of the century was Mary's 
cousin. Richard Joseph DeLong (1854-1932). A son of Hettie and George 
DeLong — one of Moses DeLong's two sons who chose to remain in Penn- 
sylvania — Richard frequently called on his Brooklyn relatives. As 
assistant general passenger agent for the Pennsylvania Railroad with an 
office at Philadelphia's Broad Street Station, he need only step to a lower 
level, flash his pass, and board a northbound train. Richard DeLong, 
recognized as one of the leading rail passenger traffic experts in the 
United States, spent 40 years with the Pennsy.^ Born in Hillside, Lehigh 
County, he attended Muhlenberg College and Pennsylvania State Normal 
School 75 (now Millersville Teachers College), and joined the railroad 
in 1883. He later instituted the one-day and weekend railroad excursion 
— to the Jersey Shore, Niagara Falls, and other resorts. Richard DeLong 
frequently served as the line's representative for charter trips, including 
those of Presidents Theo. Roosevelt and Taft, and foreign heads of state. 

One of the family's early genealogists, Richard added a solid limb 
to the DeLong tree. He and wife Ida Maria Ruhf (1860-1949) had 14 chil- 



131 



dren over a 26-year span — surely a family record. Several offspring were 
named for New York relatives: Edna Lydia for Aunt Lydia Schaefer; Julius 
Francis for the hair felt Julius, and Florence Mary for the Marcy Avenue 
Marys. Another son, Earl Ruhf (1896- ), won an appointment to the 
Naval Academy and was a class behind Commander George W.'s grand- 
son. DeLong Mills. During World War II Captain Earl DeLong, class 
of '20, experienced his share of Arctic ice and woe. He was commander of 
the seaplane tender Casco in the Aleutians. In August, 1942 he encoun- 
tered a Japanese submarine at Atka. The sub entered Nazan Bay undetec- 
ted and slashed open the hull of the tender. With five dead and 20 wound- 
ed, the Casco beached herself safely and later made dry dock in Kodiak.^ 

As a young Naval aviator assigned to the Navy Bureau of Ordnance, 
Earl had worked with inventor Carl Norden in testing the Norden pre- 
cision bombsight, an ultra-secret, 2,000-part mechanism destined to be 
equipment on all U.S. multi-engine bombers of World War II. Earl later 
was in charge of the construction of the Los Alamitos (Calif.) Naval Air 
Station. Philadelphia-born Earl DeLong retired from the Navy in 1946 and 
settled in southern California at Palm Springs. 

His namesake and nephew. Earl, II (1922- ), had an equally distin- 
guished military career. As a Marine Reserve private, he was called to 
active duty at the beginning of World War II. He first saw action on the 
carrier Hornet, the "Shangri-La " base that launched the first planes to 
bomb Tokyo. In the battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, 400 miles east of 
Guadalcanal, the carrier was blasted by Japanese torpedoes. One explo- 
sion cracked open the deck on the port side, caused fuel oil to erupt, 
and set the entire Hornet ablaze. The crippled ship lay helpless, while from 
its slanting deck sailors scrambled to safety. Earl DeLong, although 
wounded and told to wait transfer to a hospital ship, hid whenever a U.S. 
destroyer pulled aside to pick up the Hornet's crew. Each time, he stayed 
out of sight until the rescue ship moved away. Then he returned to his AA 
gun for another swing at the enemy. Earl was awarded the Silver Star for 
gallantry and intrepidity. 

When the Korean War broke out. Earl fought with the First Marine Divi- 
sion and was decorated with a second Silver Star. Col. "Pappy" DeLong 
also served in Vietnam as an Infantry Battalion Commander, and in 1967 
was severely wounded when a shell ripped into his back.^° He received a 
third Silver Star and a second Purple Heart. He retired on a combat dis- 
ability in 1968. He holds the Legion of Merit Medal with combat "V" and 
11 battle stars. Earl found time between battlefield assignments to 
complete work for a B.S. from the University of Maryland and a M.A. 
at Geo. Washington University, marry Evelyn Mae McKown on May 13, 
1943, and raise two daughters and a son. 



132 



Still a third DeLong of the Richard J. branch came up the naval ranks 
during World War II Julius Francis DeLong (1904- ), commissioned a 
Naval Aviation lieutenant m 1942, served as commanding officer of 
PATSU (Patrol Aircraft Trainmg Service Unit) engaged in air-to-surface 
rocket instruction at Maceio, Brazil. At the time of his release to inactive 
status in September, 1945, Lt. Cmdr DeLong was senior watch officer of 
the pre-commission detail of the carrier Franklin D. Roosevelt. Over the 
years, Julius' adventures on land and in the air have been noteworthy, too. 

Julius learned shorthand from his father, a self-taught expert (he initi- 
ated the secretarial service on the Broadway Limited and went aboard 
as the first train secretary). Julius set some stenographical "firsts" of his 
own He was the first and probably the only secretary to take notes on 
horseback, while serving with the 103rd Cavalry of the Pennsylvania 
National Guard. He also was the first aerial stenographer. 

As secretary to the general manager of Transcontinental Air Transport 
in 1929, Julius accompanied him and airline guest Will Rogers on an in- 
spection flight to California. Aboard the tri-motor Ford, 10,000 feet in the 
air, Rogers asked Julius DeLong to get his typewriter so that the actor- 
humorist could pound out his daily newspaper column. DeLong offered 
him his own typewriter, but Rogers declined and expressed a desire for his 
old travel-worn machine, stored in the wing luggage compartment. 

Julius, who was sitting beneath the hatch to the compartment, used the 
arm of his ^eat to open the hatch and crawled into the wing. As he 
emerged with the old machine, he planted his foot solidly on the chair 
arm. Alas, Will Rogers' hand rested on the arm of the seat. Upon hearing 
a shout of anguish, Julius immediately lifted his foot and descended. He 
apologized and offered the typewriter to Rogers, who replied; 

"You might as well put it back in the wing. I couldn't type now if my 
life depended on it." 

The eventful trip ended the next day when the plane landed at 
Glendale, Calif., and was met by Mrs. Rogers, Mary Pickford, and Douglas 
Fairbanks." Handshaking, at least by Will Rogers, was minimal. Air aide 
experienceaside, Julius later became director of purchasing and executive 
assistant to the president of Horn and Hardart Baking Company. 

After Joseph DeLong, Sr., died in 1915, visits between the Pennsylvania 
and the New York DeLongs slackened. Occasionally, one of the Brooklyn 
or Manhattan cousins journeyed to Berks County on a search for ancestral 
records — most frequently in the 1920s when a number of Moses' 
descendants joined the Daughters of the American Revolution. 

1. Among them was MARY ELIZABETH FARRELL. Brooklyn-born on 
October 24, 1866, she sang as a young woman with the Caecilia 



133 



Ladies' Vocal Society and served as its music librarian. On Wednesday, 
June 10, 1896 at her parents' home, Mary wed Francis N. Paris of 
Philadelphia. The Rev. J. D. Wells tied the knot as he had done for 
the Farrells. A day or so passed and the mother of the bride had 
sufficiently recovered from the nuptial event to write her honey- 
mooning daughter. Mrs. Farrell's words aptly describe the home wed- 
ding aftermath, be it the 1890s or the 1970s. 

We were dog tired — all of us, Papa and I, and Grandma. 
After you left, everyone was surprised to think you got 
out so quickly. Then guests, one after another, departed. 
As he left, Dr. Louis Paris said he would leave a notice 
at the Eagle office (which of course he did) and it was 
in last night's paper . . . The next morning there were 
three dishes of leftover food on the table: chicken salad, 
mutton, and fancy cakes. We fed some of it to the sparrows 
in the court yard ... A very handsome sugar spoon 
arrived. The delivery boy said he ought to have left it 
earlier this week but he had the wrong number. Another 
telegram came and a letter, and two photographs, which 
we will send m the trunk ... As we were going up to 
bed late Wednesday, I saw a fan and a box of wedding 
cake on the parlor mantle, and I thought the fan belonged 
to Mrs. Bushy. Sure enough, she andMr. B. came over 
last night to pick it up and stayed to talk about all the 
particulars of the past few days ... All send love to 
you both. ^2 

The Parises first lived in Philadelphia where Francis worked for the 
Pennsylvania Railroad. About 1900 the line transfered him to Chicago, 
and later to Altoona and the PRR Test Department. An amateur 
violinist, frequently accompanied by his wife at the piano, Francis 
was said to "tune to whistles of the locomotives with his violin. "'^ 
He retired as chief draftsman. A distinguished-looking man with a 
Vandyke beard, he was born March 26, 1861 and was the son of 
Joseph S. and Jane Newland Paris. 

Mary and Francis lived for many years in Hollidaysburg, Pa., where 
they were parishioners of the First Presbyterian Church. Mary spent 
many winters at the Martha Washington Hotel in St. Petersburg, Fla. 
A member of Holliday Chapter, D.A.R. (1924), she died July 20, 1953 
in her 87th year. Her husband predeceased her, on October 30, 1930 
(Presbyterian Cem., Alexandria, Pa.). They had no children. 



134 



ABRAHAM DeLONG. Bowers-born on October 7. 1805, he settled in Eliza- 
beth, N.J., in the late 1820s, A bricklayer, he moved to New York in 1833 and 
lived at 58 Third Avenue. Nine years later. Abraham moved west to Illinois 
and remained at Varna in Marshall County for the rest of his life. 

A skilled mason, he worked on scores of buildings in Varna and in nearby 
Lacon and Magnolia. A charter member (1853) of Magnolia Lodge 103. F. & 
A.M., he died at age 87 on August 30. 1893 (Cumberland. Magnolia). 

On Febraury 22, 1836, while a New Yorker, he married (1) Ann Elizabeth 
Conley. Born November 9. 1819. she died at Varna, October 4. 1864. They 
had ten children. The three oldest were born in Manhattan. At least three — 
and possibly five — sons served with the Union forces during the Civil War. 

In June, 1867 Abraham married (2) Caroline F. Hester Taylor. She gave 
birth to a daughter and a son. and died in August. 1871. 

A second-time widower. Abraham wed (3) Martha Malone. January 1 , 1873. 
A native of Indiana, she was born August 4. 1829. They had no children. 

The issue of Abraham's first marriage were: 

i. GEORGE DeLONG. Born 1837. he later settled in Friend. Nebraska. 
He married Jane A. Smirthwaite. born 1841. They had three sons — 
Adrian (1870), Olon (1873) and Isaac (1881) — and four daughters — 
Elsie (1859). Eliza (1868). Dora Luella (1875) and Sake DeL. Brown 
(1887). 

II. ISAAC DeLONG. Born about 1839. he lived in Ames. Iowa. 

III. HENRY DeLONG. Born October 1. 1841. he enlisted in the 17th 
Regiment. Illinois Infantry, in May, 1861. Private DeLong was stationed 
at Ft. Jefferson. Ky., where he caught bilious fever. He was treated at 
several regimental hospitals, but never fully recovered. He was dis- 
charged in September. 1861. Henry married Frances Emily Brown at 
Varna, lll..on June14, 1864. She was born July 22. 1841 and died Novem- 
ber 1. 1903 at Washburn. III. A farmer, Henry sired three sons — Charles 
Edward (1875-1965). Howard Weston (1878-1934) and Leonard 
Maryfield (1884-1971) — and two daughters — Anna Ida DeL. Ehringer 
(1865-1954) and Louella DeL. Moffett (1870-1959). Henry died June 
27, 1900. 

IV. ALBERT DeLONG. He followed his brother to war and was killed at 
New Orleans, May 11, 1864. 

V. ADRIAN DeLONG. He served with Co. I, 11th Illinois Infantry from 
October, 1864 to September, 1865. His posts included Baton Rouge, La., 
and Dauphin Island, Ala. He was born at Lacon, III, August 20, 1844, and 
married Emma Russell, December 25, 1870. She was born at Lacon. 
March 26, 1847. They had a son, Russell, and a daughter, Sakie DeL. 
Meehan. A farmer, he died at Citronelle, Ala.. March 24, 1920. Emma 
died there March 14, 1931. 



135 



Vl. EMILY E. DeLONG. She married Ira Wright, lived in Strang. Neb., 
and raised four sons and two daughters. 

Vll. ADALINE DeLONG. She wed Brown. Nebraskans, they had 

three sons — Clark, Ed and Duff — and three daughters — Carrie 
Ehringer, Ruth and Frances. 
VIII. MARGARET DeLONG. She was the wife of John Antrim and lived 
in Urbana, III. 

IX JOSEPH NATHAN (Nate) DeLONG. Born May 11, 1856, he died un- 
married on July 26, 1886. Lived in Moline and Varna. 

X. MARY DeLONG. She wed Collins. 

The children of Abraham and Caroline were: 

XI. LUCINDA DeLONG. Born September, 1869. she married Tenneson 
Dean and died about 1960. Their surviving child was Albert Dean (1889- 
1971). 
XII. WILLIAM ALBERT DeLONG. Born May 13, 1871, he died at Jefferson 
City, Iowa, May 23. 1958. He moved to Iowa in 1893 and went in the 
drainage business. On May 20, 1895. he wed Myrtle Grace Arch (1876- 
1969). They had a daughter. Maude Elizabeth DeL. Gossage (1898- ) 
and two sons. Charles William (1896- ) and Ralph Arch DeLong 
(1908- ). 

Although a number of Abraham's descendants live in Illinois, many have 
settled throughout the United States — in Denver, Colo.; Walker, Minn.; 
Dunnellon. Fla.; Santa Maria. Calif.; Nome, Alaska, and other locales. 



JONATHAN DeLONG. Born May 19. 1807 at Bowers, he came to Manhattan 
in the mid-1820s. A tailor at 11 Anthony Street in 1830. he lived at a half- 
dozen addresses on the lower East Side, from 414 Greenwich to 83 Mott. 
The day after his 20th birthday, he married (1) Eliza Kislier. The Rev. 
Edward Mitchell of the Society of United Christian Friends performed the 
rites at a church on the corner of Duane and City Hall Place. Of the three 
sons of this union, only one has left a sustained record. Every family tree 
has a limb or two that stumps a biographer. Jonathan's branch splits between 
oblivion and positive fact. 

I. CHARLES DeLONG. Only his birthdate — April 3, 1828 — is known. 
Over the years, he periodically has been confuted with Charles E. DeLong, 
Minister to Japan under President Grant. This statesman- DeLong was born 
in Beekmansville, Dutchess County. N.Y.. August 13, 1832, and was a 
son of Egbert and Elida L. DeLong. Descended from Arie Fransen DeLong, 



136 



17-year-old Charles went west during the California gold rush, owned a 
few claims and later a store in Yuba County, became a deputy sheriff, 
studied law, and in 1857 began a practice at Marysville. He won election 
as a California State Assemblyman, and in 1860, to the State Senate. 
DeLong was appointed to the Asian post in 1869 and served four years. 
He died of typhoid at Virginia City, Nev., in 1876.'* 

II. HENRY DeLONG. Born in New York, April 6. 1831, he may be that 
individual listed as a seaman of 616 East 9th Street in the City directory 
of 1871. Henry fades from the filial circle, only to reappear briefly in 
1897. That year, he is in St. Louis and writes to his Eastern relatives 
for family news. 

III. EDWARD DeLONG. He arrived September 5. 1833, and at age 31 married 
Mary E. Dalton, daughter of John and Mary Greames Dalton, both Irish- 
born. Orphaned as a young girl, Mary was adopted by her maternal 
aunt, Catherine Greames DeLong. and husband Levi DeLong, uncle of 
Edward DeLong. 

Ed worked as a picture frame maker and gilder in his firm, DeLong 
& Kornicker, 5 Chatham Square. The newly-married DeLongs lived with 
Levi and Catherine at 133 Nassau Street (1865). Ed and Mary's common 
cousin, George Washington DeLong. just out of Annapolis, helped the 
couple set up housekeeping and enlarge the picture shop. Young George 
endorsed Edward's note of $600. He suffered business reversals in the 
late 1860s and his creditors looked to George for payment of the note 
and interest. The indebtedness rose to $900. George kept the whole matter 
from his mother for whom he had leased a small house in Williamsburg. 
Edward and Mary shared the home at 97 Eighth Street. Ed's pecuniary 
troubles grew. Eventually, George paid the entire note from the savings 
of his first years at sea. 

Later, Ed branched into photography, and by 1900, was back in Man- 
hattan on West 152nd Street. A member of Marsh Lodge, he died June 
1, 1907. Mary survived four years, until September 21, 1911 (GW). 

In her will, Mary DeLong, who was childless, attempted to repay the 
generosity of George during the early years of her marriage. She wrote: 
"After my lawful debts are paid, I give to Edward Greames, Mary 
Greames, Annie Greames. and Mrs. Walter Sands Mills [George's 
daughter], share and share alike." Mary omitted to say what she gave 
to those named, although a fair inference was that she meant to divide 
her estate among these people. This was the consensus of a large number 
of New York lawyers, basing their opinion on the theory that a will 
must be sustained wherever possible. 



137 



The wording of the document led other relatives to contest the in- 
strument. They pointed out that the Surrogate Court could construe 
a will but not make one. To do so would insert a provision which was 
'^ot there, and they claimed that the Surrogate had no authority to do it. 
In this extremely technical case, the Court favored the protesting relatives 
and held that the will was void. All of Mary's kin, named and unnamed, 
shared equally by the decision. The widely reported ruling marked "the 
borderline of judicial construction."'^ 

Jonathan DeLong's first wife died in 1837, and the following year, on 
July 3, he wed (2) Eliza Hunt of Dutchess County. A daughter of Hannah 
Titsworth and David Hunt, she was born August 23, 1819. The DeLongs had 
two sons, George and David. Jonathan died February 28, 1848 (GW). Eliza 
survived until January 6, 1873. She and most of her descendants are buried 
at Fishkill (N.Y.) Rural Cemetery. 

IV. GEORGE DeLONG. He was born November 27, 1841 in Manhattan and 
married Arabella Marie Bray, daughter of Oakley and Matilda Budd 
Bray, on November 28, 1877. She was born in Rahway, N.J., on 
September 22, 1856. The DeLongs settled in Montclair, where George 
worked as a buyer for the Samuel Crump Label Co., and later as a 
bookkeeper. In 1898 he left his 18 Montague Place home and moved 
to South Hadley, Mass., to be near his daughters at Smith College. He 
died at Northampton, December 25, 1914, and was buried at the Bridge 
Street Cemetery (in March, 1915, he was removed to Fishkill). His 
widow survived 27 years, living in Wilmington, Del., until August, 1941. 

1. "Whatever you hear about ETHEL MARGUERITE deLONG it isn't 
enough," recalls a fellow worker. "She was a magical person. When 
she came into a room it was as if someone had drawn back the 
curtains and flung open the windows to fill it with clean fresh air."'^ 

Teacher and principal, Ethel deLong brought high standards and a 
loving understanding of people to her profession. She devoted most 
of her life to the upgrading of education in rural Kentucky early in 
this century. She co-founded the Pine Mountain Settlement School in 
Harlan County, and the school is a lasting tribute to her unflagging 
enthusiasm and determination to educate Appalachian youth. 

Born in Montclair. N.J., October 20, 1878, she graduated from Smith 
College '01, and taught English in Springfield, Mass. A Christmas 
visit to a friend at Hindman, Ky., a half-dozen years later resulted in 
her going there to teach. She soon advanced to principal of the 
Hindman school, isolated in Kentucky's eastern mountains and 45 
miles from the nearest railroad. 



138 



In 1911 a circuit-riding Baptist preacher wrote Ethel and another 
teacher, Katherine Pettit, to tell them of the backwoods Pine Mountain 
country and its need for a school. That spring the two women visited 
the village. They discovered a remote community of kind, responsive 
people who were illiterate but not ignorant. The area's natural beauty, 
too. charmed the two teachers. "The valley was wide along the foot of 
the mountain and there was fine level land for farming all about . . ." 
Ethel wrote. "It seemed such an ideal location for a school. "^^ 

During their visit, Ethel and Katherine met William and Sally Creech, 
an old mountain couple with many children and grandchildren. The 
Creech family were hard-working, yet poor, farmers. Clearing the 
mountainous timberland to raise wheat, corn, rye, flax and buckwheat, 
grinding meal, and spinning and weaving cloth to make clothes left 
little, if any, time for the three R's. Moreover, the nearest school was 
18 miles away and clear across the mountains. Such obstacles made 
the Creeches more and more determined to have their grandchildren 
read and write and. in turn, live fuller and more useful lives. When 
they heard about the two women and their progress at Hindman, 
they offered to do all they could to help start a local school. 

Ethel recalled the fateful meeting. "At sunset, we walked up the 
valley to the quaint, old-fashioned home of Mr. and Mrs. Creech, 
whose simple goodness and kindly courtesy were like an evening 
benediction. "^8 

William Creech soon secured nearly 250 acres for the school. Much 
of the land was his own farm, and he eagerly offered ideas as to its 
use. For a year and a half, the villagers cleared forests, cleaned out 
streams, hewed logs, cut roads, planted fruit trees and crops, and 
built houses. By 1913 the Pine Mountain Settlement School was a 
reality. It was a modest but effective start. The school continued to 
expand and soon added three dwellings, a tool house and a sawmill. 
The livestock included two mules, two cows, chickens and a hog. In 
the meantime, enrollment had grown from a handful of children to more 
than 80, many of whom were without any means of training to support 
themselves. 

"Picture a room 17 x 13 feet which is not only my office and 
workroom, and the wayside lodge for all hungry and cold travelers up 
and down the creek at seasonable and unseasonable hours, but also 
the bath room, dressing room, play room, and sick room, ' Ethel wrote 
in early 1915. "Nothing can be allowed to stray from its place one 
instant, or pandemonium reigns . . . You know what it would be like 
to be adding up accounts and trying to estimate how much food, 
washing, etc., costs us per week with a half-dozen noisy tots playing 



139 



'Here we go around the mulberry bush' at your elbow because it is 
snowing or raining outside. "^^ 

Most of the Pine Mountain children were orphaned or neglected, 
like the six-year-old little girl who came to the school "from a home 
where for weeks they had had nothing but coffee and corn bread — 
the most dismal dark little home you could think of and yet she is a 
jewel of a child. I guess, " Ethel concluded, "this is an SOS signal, not 
only for the children but also for the workers and the workl''^" 

The job of fund raising and publicity fell to Ethel. Year after year 
she traveled back East to speak at club meetings and Smith class 
luncheons. Her tireless efforts succeeded. She raised thousands of 
dollars to expand Pine Mountain. And long after her death, Ethel 
deLong's friends and college classmates continued to give to the 
school's growing endowment fund. 

By the early 1940s Pine Mountain encompassed a modern vocational 
high school, farm, dairy, elementary schoolhouse, chapel, infirmary 
and dormitories for pupils. Over the years Pine Mountain has not lost its 
concern for innovating educational programs for both the school and 
the community. Among them is the center for environmental education, 
initiated in 1971 to develop vital and timely Appalachian farm, forest 
and community projects. 

Pine Mountain has been more than buildings and books. Its students 
have gone on to fuller and productive lives, as parents, homemakers, 
farmers, forest rangers, teachers, ministers, nurses, community and 
social workers, and good citizens. Ethel deLong's hope to uplift life 
in remote and mountainous Kentucky prevailed beyond her greatest 
dreams. 

As wife and mother, too, Ethel wove her family life into the very 
existence and growth of the school. Her husband, Luigi Zande, was 
building and maintenance superintendent of Pine Mountain. Born in 
Auronzo, Italy, near Cortina d'Ampezzo, March 11, 1887, he came to 
the United States as a young man. He soon heard that two young 
women in eastern Kentucky had started a school and were looking 
for an all-round handyman. He applied for the job and got it. During 
the early years of Pine Mountain, he did everything — built houses, 
landscaped the grounds, installed the power plant, and taught carpentry 
and cabinetmaking. It turned out that Luigi was just what the school 
needed. Soon co-director Ethel deLong and Luigi fell in love. They 
married on April 10, 1918 at Norwich, Conn. A son and a daughter 
completed the Zande household at Pine Mountain. 

A decade of happiness and accomplishment for Ethel ended ab- 
ruptly early in 1928. Still full of vigor and strength of purpose, she 



140 



became gravely ill and died of pneumonia on March 18. '' She was 
buried outside the school chapel in which she so often shared inspira- 
tion with the staff and students. Luigi left Kentucky and took a job 
with the American Enka Corporation, a yarn company in Asheville, 
N.C He later married Caroline Heinz and died December 13. 1957, 
without ever once returning to the mountain school he had helped 
to start 

A. ALBERTO ZANDE. Born March 19. 1919 at Louisville. Ky., he 
attended North Carolina State and served in the U.S. Army during 
World War II. From age 10 he lived in Asheville. N.C, where he 
married Juanita Arline Froneberger, daughter of Lawrence and Alma 
Froneberger, January 11, 1941. They were divorced in 1966, and 
Albert wed Elizabeth Vashaw Bulloch on November 25, 1967. He 
is president of Southern Tool & Die Company, manufacturers of 
stampings, dies and special tools, at Asheville, and lives in nearby 
Arden. 

a. ANGELA C. ZANDE. Born April 5. 1949, Asheville. 

b. MICHAEL L. ZANDE. Born June 25. 1950, Asheville. 

c. ANTHONY LOUIS ZANDE. Born June 21, 1954. Asheville. 

B. ELENA ZANDE. Born December 28, 1922. Educated at St. Mary's 
Seminary, Maryland. Married Barney Beigel in 1947 at Santa 
Monica, Calif. 

a. C/(ROLINE BEIGEL. Born September 11, 1948. Married Jeffrey 
Longridge at Santa Monica in 1968. 

la SHERYL LOUISE LONGRIDGE. Born February 18, 1970 

b. MARGARET BEIGEL. Born August 25. 1950. Married Charles 
Wallace. 

la GEORGINA LEE-MAE WALLACE. Born March 2, 1970. 

2. HELEN BRAY deLONG. Born February 21, 1887 at Montclair, N.J.. 
she followed her sister to Smith '10 and into teaching. She taught 
English and history at the Norwich (Conn.) Free Academy and from 
1925-42 at the Tower Hill School, Wilmington, Del. Despite heavy 
family responsibilities and uncertain health, Helen not only carried on 
her school work as English department supervisor and librarian but 
was organizer and chairman of the Colored Branch of the Wilming- 
ton Y.W.C.A. and an active church worker. Of invincible spirit and 
eager mind, she lived her favorite verse, "Rejoice in the Lord alway."" 
Helen died of a heart attack on June 23, 1942, while teaching in 
the summer semester of Wilmington's Mission School for Children. 

V. DAVID DeLONG. A New Yorker, he chose Washington Heights as home 



141 



after marriage to Margaret Anne Becker on June 19, 1870. David was 
born December 4, 1843; his wife, November 29, 1850. The DeLongs 
lived on West 158th Street where David carried on a meat and fish 
retail business. He died at 506 West 1 45th Street. July 1 1 , 1 906. Margaret, 
at 3572 DeKalb Avenue, The Bronx, on March 26. 1927. Most of their 
seven children married and moved to Westchester where many of David's 
line still live. 

1. MAUDE BEATRICE DeLONG. Born June 10, 1871 in New York, she 
moved to Mount Vernon, N.Y., at the turn of the century and lived 
in Yonkers after 1924. She married James Henry Conklin, Jr. He was 
born November 2, 1862 and educated in Manhattan, and was a son 
of James H. and Susan Dennis Conklin. He worked as a precision 
machinist for the Ward Leonard Electric Co., Mount Vernon, from 
1924-49. He was a member of Our Council, Royal Arcanum. Conklin 
was still at his job when he died at age 87 on November 3, 1949. 
Maude died at Bronxville, June 10, 1954. 

A. HAROLD DeLONG CONKLIN. Born July 14, 1896 in New York, 
he served with the U.S. Navy in World War I. He retired from The 
Bank of New York's Securities Department in 1961. Married August 
15. 1966, Washingtonville, N.Y.. to Ruth Rita Elias. She was born 
in Mount Vernon, September 21, 1904. Harold lives in Bronxville, 
and is active in the American Legion and on the Advisory Committee, 
Veterans Administration Volunteer Services. FDR Hospital, at 
Montrose, NY. 

B. WARREN RUSSELL CONKLIN. Born March 21, 1901 in New York, 
he married Jane Gay. He lived in Mount Vernon at his death on 
April 25, 1955 and was an expediter with Electric Bond and Share 
Co., New York. 

2. NELLIE ALICE DeLONG. A teacher who taught in the junior high 
schools of New York City, she was born there, August 26, 1873. 
Nellie graduated from Hunter College '92 and retired in 1929. She wed 
Henry Archibald Phillips at New York's Chapel of the Intercession, 
July 2, 1914. He was born in Manhattan on December 19, 1877, and 
was the son of Hannah Antoinette Craft and Archibald Phillips (1849- 
1881). Henry served in the Spanish-American War with Company D, 
71st Infantry Regiment, N.Y. Volunteers, and was a member of the 
Society of Colonial Wars (1934-60). He worked on Wall Street as an 
investment manager. The Phillips moved from Washington Heights to 
Mount Vernon in the late 1920s. Nellie, who was a D.A.R. (1923-43). 
died there June 6. 1944: Henry, on October 29, 1960. 



142 



3 GEORGE WALTER DeLONG. Born July 26. 1875 and died October 
24,1876. 

4 ANNIE EVELYN (Almee) DeLONG. A registered nurse, she was 
born May 31, 1877 in New York. Aimee served in France during 
World War I and later worked at Lenox Hill Hospital and for the 
Manhattan Board of Health. She died on October 14, 1959 at Mount 
Vernon. NY., her home from 1928. 

5. WALTER MAURICE DeLONG. Born in New York. April 15. 1879. 
he retired from the U.S. Post Office Department in Manhattan in 1933 
after 36 years' service. He soon moved from Washington Heights to 
Newburgh. NY., where he died September 8. 1951 at age 72 He 
married Harriet Woodward who predeceased him by seven months. 
on February 8. She was born in 1878 in New York. 

A. HELEN DeLONG. Born in New York about 1900, she has lived 
in Orange County. N.Y., since 1933. 

B. FLORENCE MAY DeLONG. Born in New York, 1903. Died of 
bronchitis May 10, 1904 at eight months. 

6 CHARLES FREDERICK DeLONG, SR. Born in New York, July 17, 
1881, he enlisted for four years in the U.S. Navy in 1900 and served 
on the U.6. Hartford. He married Helen May Sprenger on January 16, 
1906. The Rev. George Clark Houghton officiated at New York's 
Church of the Transfiguration. Helen died May 17, 1922. 

Charles was employed by wholesale cotton firms. Later he oper- 
ated his own real estate business in Mount Vernon, where he moved 
in 1922 from Spring Valley, N.Y. He was a member of John Stewart 
Masonic Lodge, United Spanish War Veterans and the U.S. Coast 
Guard Auxilliary. He died in Bronxville, December 6, 1945. 
A CHARLES FREDERICK DeLONG, JR. A self-employed business 
consultant, he was born February 21, 1916 at Spring Valley. N.Y. 
He attended St. John's University and Pace College. For a number 
of years, he was president and general manager of French Hair 
Company, and in 1965 joined Pharmaco. Inc.. as advertising man- 
ager for their Sutton Cosmetics division. He subsequently was 
associated with the National Patent Development Corporation in 
New York. 

Charles married (1) Dorothy Potter Hobbs at Bronxville, March 
14, 1942. The daughter of Clarence W. and Florence Potter Hobbs. 
she was born in Worcester, Mass., July 5, 1917. Dorothy, Skidmore 
'39, is recreation supervisor. City of New Rochelle, N.Y., and is a 



143 



member of the New York State and Westchester Co. Recreation & 
Park societies and the Business and Professional Woman's Club. 
Divorced, Charles later married Polish-born Sophia Banszky, 
widow of Baron Laszio Banszky who practiced medicine in London. 
She is an investment counselor with Reynolds & Co. According to 
the New York Times she speaks 15 languages, travels widely, and 
collects recipes for her frequent dinner parties and buffet suppers 
at the DeLongs' East 57th Street apartment. ^^ 

a. BARBARA MAY DeLONG. Born March 3, 1944, Bronxville, 
N.Y. Eastern Michigan Univ. '66. Married to John Oscar Peterson, 
class of '65, on August 13, 1966 at Bronxville. The son of 
Victor Wellington and Abbie Gooding Slogett Peterson, he was 
born at Ann Arbor, Mich., May 18, 1943, and is a music and 
instrumental teacher in Lapeer, Mich. Barbara is a special 
education teacher and a D.A.R. 

la JOHN WELLINGTON PETERSON. Born August 7, 1967. 

b. VIRGINIA DeLONG. Born April 1, 1947. Bronxville. Elmhurst 
College '69. A staff member with Campus Crusade for Christ. 

B. MARJORIE MAY DeLONG. Born July 16, 1919, she grew up in 
Mount Vernon, N.Y. She married Paul Hoffmann, not long after his 
graduation in 1941 from Stevens Institute of Technology where he 
did yeoman service on both t+ie lacrosse and soccer squads. He is a 
construction engineer with the firm of George Hoffmann & Sons, 
NewRochelle. 

Paul is remembered by his Mount Vernon neighbors for a 5 a.m. 
cannon salute he gave his wife. Returning late from a class 
reunion, 27-year-old Hoffmann discovered he didn't have the key to 
his Orchard Street house with him. He recalled that there was a 
10-gauge saluting cannon in the cellar with two blank shells and 
that the cellar door was unlocked. As he would have to wake up 
Marjorie anyhow to get into the house, he thought he might as well 
use the cannon. He fired it twice in the street. It woke up not 
only his wife but a good many neighbors, one of whom called the 
local constabulary who took him to the town brig. 2" 

A prominent yachtsman on Long Island Sound, he has won 
numerous long distance races. In 1959 his 46-foot double ender 
cutter Mother won the City Island Yacht Club Division I Sullivan 
Trophy. In 1957 and 1958 she led the fleet in the Stamford Yacht 
Club's Vineyard race. Skipper Hoffmann in 1961 acquired a new 48- 
foot Rhodes cutter with 1,026 square feet of sail. The German- 
built Thunderhead out of the Larchmont Yacht Club, has gone 
on to win many races, beginning with the 1962 Handicap Yacht 



144 



Racing Class cruise to Cable and Anchor Reef and Cold Spring 

Harbor. Hoffmann is listed in Who's Who in Yachting and lives at 

Edgewater Point. Mamaroneck. 

a PAUL HOFFMANN, JR. Born about 1944. Alumnus of Indiana 
Tech and Univ. of Maryland. Vice president of Geo. Hoffmann & 
Sons, general contractors. Member of Larchmont Yacht and 
Storm Trysail clubs. Married Michele Hobarth Miralia, August 7. 
1971 at Larchmont. Daughter of David T. Miralia. Graduated 
Maryville College of the Sacred Heart, St. Louis, in 1967 and 
Katharine Gibbs School. With Hornblower and Weeks-Hemphill- 
Noyes, New York brokers. 

b. CHARLES D. HOFFMANN. Born in Westchester about 1948. 
With family firm of Geo. Hoffmann & Sons, New Rochelle. 

FLORENCE MAY DeLONG. Born in New York, May 15, 1887, she 
married there Henry J. Muller about 1910. He was born July 23. 1885 
and was a son of August Muller of Wiesbaden, Germany. He died 
February 21, 1971 in Hempstead, L.I. He was employed as a freight 
forwarder with a New York-based transportation company. The 
Mullers lived in Manhattan and from 1928 on Bell Avenue, The 
Bronx. Florence died there on January 4. 1944. Henry wed a second 
time to Lavanda Pepple. 

A. HENRY J. MULLER, JR. Born December 31, 1912. New York. 
Died January 9, 1914. 

B. CHARLES F. MULLER. Born in New York. September 9. 1913. 
U.S. Army, World War II. Married Vivian Novelli. June 8, 1946, 
in The Bronx. Charles is with World-Wide Services. Inc., a jet air 
freight forwarder in Queens, N.Y. and has lived in Seaford, L.I. 
since the mid-1950s. 

a. TONI MULLER. Born June 30. 1952. 

b. CANDACE MULLER. Born August 23. 1956. 

C. DAVID DeLONG MULLER. Born June 10. 1917. New York 
Served with U.S. Army Engineers during World War II. Married 
Ethel Bertelsen on October 10, 1943. She was born in New York, 
July 11, 1917 and a daughter of Mathilda Andersen and Bertel 
Bertelsen. David is a vice president for international sales, World- 
Wide Services, Inc. He is a member of the N.Y. Traffic Club, 
National Transportation Association and Knollwood City Club, and 
lives at Hastings-On-Hudson, NY. 

a. JOHN DAVID MULLER. Born December 11, 1945. The Bronx. 
M.I.T. '68. Computer analyst. Burroughs Corp., Boston. 

D. WALTER DeLONG MULLER. Born in New York about 1920. 



145 



Killed in action as an Army enlistee during the Normandy Beach 
D-Day Invasion in France, June, 1944. 



Fathers of famous men are expected to be overshadowed by their illustrious 
offspring. LEVI DeLONG, too, has all but faded from history books as the sire 
of Lt. Cmdr. George Washington DeLong of the Jeannette Expedition. Levi 
died on January 27, 1866, four months after his son graduated from Annap- 
olis. Levi's wife, Catherine Greames, who was born in New York, August 
21, 1822. died a few years later, in 1869. Thus, both of George's parents 
had passed from view nearly a dozen years before his Arctic Odyssey. 
Moreover, George was an only child who chose a career that brings long 
periods at sea and duties far from home. It is little wonder that records of 
George's youth and homelife are scarce. Even contemporary newspaper 
accounts include but bhef description of his New York and Brooklyn 
childhood. 

Levi, the last of the four DeLong brothers to settle in Manhattan, was 
born in Bowers, March 13, 1819. He married Catherine, the daughter of 
Patrick and Mary Greames, in New York, June 15, 1843. Levi first appears 
in acitydirectory three years later. His address is 27 Grand Street; occupation, 
clerk. In 1848 the DeLongs moved to 169 South Second Street, Brooklyn, 
where Levi worked as a grocer. They returned to New York no later than 
1854, when George was ten years old. Levi, a Presbyterian, is described as 
"of easy temper who interfered but little with his [George's] education, only 
exacting strict obedience."^^ 

During the 1850s and early '60s, the family lived at three different 
locations on Pearl Street — 299, 308 and 366. Levi's work changed from 
clerk to policeman, then to carrier, and finally, building superintendent. 
The last three years of his life were spent on Nassau Street at No. 153 and 
133. He died suddenly of a heart attack. By then son George was at sea 
on his first assignment. Catherine soon moved to Brooklyn, near the Williams- 
burg DeLongs. She died at 97 Eighth Street on July 17, 1869 (GW). 

An overprotective mother, Catherine jealously guarded George from out- 
door influences and restrained him from the ordinary sports of boyhood. 
Home was made bright and happy, but with constant purpose to shield him 
from danger and accident. She probably never even dreamed her restless 
son. eager for larger liberty, one day would sail off into the remote Arctic 
reaches of the globe . . . and find a niche in history that no other DeLong 
achieved. 



146 



X 

ARCTIC FEVER 



Not long after the Civil War, a new phase of Arctic exploration dawned. The 
commercial motivegave way to a scientific and sporting one. It became a con- 
test with international rivalry to reach that geographical point on the globe, 
the North Pole. And the Arctic explorer, consciously or not, aspired to be both 
hero and scientist. 

Apioneer in American polar exploration, as well as in the Siberian approach 
to the Arctic. GEORGE WASHINGTON DeLONG undertook a daring and 
risky voyage to the North. Commander DeLong's high hopes were not realized 
and he died a disappointed man. Yet the Jeannette Expedition abounds more 
in the noble qualities evidenced by its leader in his daring and difficult under- 
taking than by its immediate geographical achievements. DeLong illustrated 
a tenacity of purpose, a reserve of power, an absolute fidelity to duty, and a 
heroic patience under hardship that transcends scientific discovery. 

This young commander — "wise above his years, with a warm enthusiasm, 
with a vigilance untiring, with a patient forecast and thoughtfulness which 
seems to have left no contingency out of account"* — gave his successors a 
unique store of human knowledge and courage which rendered practical 
much that had before been considered insurmountable. 

George Washington DeLong, Arctic explorer and commander of the Jean- 
nette Expedition (1879-82), was born in New York City, August 22, 1844, and 
baptized George Francis. In his early teens he changed his middle name to 
Washington. His principal companion was a cousin, Mary Greames, who had 
been adopted by his parents. 

George attended Grammar School No.1 on William Street and St. Peter's 
Catholic Church on Barclay Street. Archbishop Quinn, a friend of his mother, 
took a special interest in his education. A classmate describes George as 
"ready with his pen, prompt with his figures, a favorite with his teacher and a 
lad who on all occasions made a mark among his fellows."' 

While enforced hours under watchfulness at home afforded George an un- 
usual amount of study time, it also fueled an urge to escape. George read books 
on naval history and became determined to go to sea. 

Young DeLong hoped for an appointment to the Naval Academy, but his 
parents objected to a military career. As an alternative, he prepared to enroll 
at the Free Academy (now the University of the City of New York). With his 
parents' consent and encouragement, he also began the study of law in the 
office of John Oakey at 133 Nassau Street. 

* From the eulogy of The Rt Rev Henry C Potter, Bishop of NY., February 23. 1884. N.Y. 
Herald. February 24. 1884. 

147 



When Oakey was called to duty with the Seventh Regiment after the fall of 
Fort Sumter early in 1861, he left George in charge of the office. During 
Oakey's two-month tour of duty, an opening at the Naval Academy was an- 
nounced, and George decided to try for the vacancy. With the country now at 
war, his parents consented. 

When Oakey returned, he wrote Congressman Benjamin Wood to request 
that he appoint DeLong. But before the letter arrived, the slot was filled. 
DeLong, however, had another chance. Wood's appointee, suffering from 
impaired eyesight, resigned. The Congressman named George to the post. 

Seventeen-year-old George DeLong packed and journeyed to Newport, R.I., 
where the Academy had moved for the duration of the War. No sooner had he 
passed his entrance examinations when a dispatch arrived from the Secre- 
tary of the Navy, Gideon Welles. 

"Don't appoint Mr. Wood's man," read the message to the Academy 
superintendent. 

Political foes had charged Wood, a staunch Democrat, with secessionist 
leanings and his appointee was suspect, too. A crestfallen George returned 
home that day. 

In the meantime, John Oakey, angered by the treatment of his young clerk, 
secured letters of introduction to Secretary Welles and President Lincoln. 
DeLong was instructed to go to Washington and personally present the letters 
at the Navy Department. The Secretary, convinced that George was loyal to 
the Union cause, quickly reinstated him. 

On October 1, 1861 DeLong officially entered the Academy with a class of 
190 midshipmen. Four years later, in September, 1865, he graduated tenth in 
his class and received the coveted commission. 

DeLong's first sea duty was as master aboard the seven-gun sloop of war, 
USS Canandaigua. Part of the U.S. European Squadron commanded by Adm. 
David Farragut. the vessel cruised Mediterranean waters and along the west- 
ern coast of Europe and Afnca. The three-year voyage was the first appear- 
ance in Europe of American naval power in force and turned into a triumphal 
tour. The doughty admiral was received by many of the crowned heads of 
Europeandhewona number of important concessions for American interests 
abroad.* 

In June, 1868 the Canandaigua steamed into Le Havre for an extended stay, 
as she was to undergo major repairs. One of the city's leading American res- 
idents was James Avery Wotton (1809-1885), who represented the New York 
and Havre Steamship Company in Europe and was a part owner of the pas- 

At a state banquet given by the Turkish foreign minister Aali Pasha, Farragut asked, "Why can't 
something be done about settling the Robert College question?" Surprised by and apprehensive 
of the Admirals interest in the American-founded and -run school in Istanbul, the Turk relented 
on his opposition to the colleges expansion and influence, and gave it diplomatic immunities. Keith 
M Greenwood, Robert College: The American Founders, PhD. dissertation, Johns Hopkins, Balti- 
more. 1965. p. 48-55 



148 



senger line A retired sea captain, he had commanded a number of vessels, 
including the Rhone (1849), Admiral. Fulton (1863) and Franklin, the first 
transatlantic steamer to enter the port of Havre (1851).* Years later, after his 
return to the States in 1874. he became connected with the French General 
Transatlantic Company (a forerunner of the French Line) and the Pacific Mail 
Steamship Company. 

Captain Wotton and his wife. Margaret Clarissa Barnes (1822-1893). had 
ten children. Their fifth child — a daughter — had made her first sea voyage at 
the age of six weeks Born March 11. 1 851 . Emma Jane received most of her 
schooling in France at Miss Harril's in Havre, and by her 17th birthday in 1868, 
she had crossed the Atlantic almost 15 times and her life centered around 
mantime activities. 

As was thei.' custom, the Wottons entertained visiting naval officers who 
entered port. One evening Mrs. Wotton gave a dinner and dance and invited a 
number of the Canandaigua's officers. A young naval doctor escorted Emma. 
At dinner, when she turned to see who might be on her left, she found a com- 
plete stranger who was quickly introduced as Mr. DeLong. He had just re- 
turned from a week's leave in Paris and quickly monopolized the conversation 
and Emma with it. The following week the Wottons gave another dance and 
before the evening soiree ended, Lieut. DeLong had asked young Emma 
to be his wife. 

"I had never before been taken by storm in such a way," Emma recalled. 
"But I realized that he was perfectly sincere and was suffering from his e- 
motions. I told him, however, I did not expect ever to marry." 

During the lengthy stay in Havre, the undaunted lieutenant endeavored to 
win Emma's hand. He pledged his undying love. "Could I serve you in any way 
I should rejoice." he exclaimed. "Could I show you by working for honors or 
renown that my love for you is my all, I will do it."^ 

The sea captain's attractive daughter had a number of eligible suitors, 
including the handsome but sickly Henri Le Forestier. Rivals for the affections 
of Miss Wotton, the Frenchman and DeLong became close friends during the 
latter's summer sojourn in Havre. The young lieutenant from Brooklyn pur- 
sued Emma with inexhaustible energy, yet with limited success. When 
DeLong's ship sailed. Emma made no promises and gave little indication that 
she had lost her heart to the persistent naval officer. However, she did give 
George her photograph, a small golden cross and a lock of hair. He was as 
hopeful and intrepid as ever when he wrote: 

"You may ask and very properly too, 'Who are you who ask so much?' I am 
simply nobody. What little success I have gained I have made for myself and 

* On July 17, 1854, the Franklin, bound for New York, went ashore at Center Moriches, LI., in a 
heavy sea and dense fog. Her 150 passengers and 50 crew were rescued, and later, cargo and 
luggage were carted off The ship could not be saved and everything removable was sold. 
Jeannette E. Rattray. Ship Ashore, New York, Coward-McCann. 1955, p. 105-07. 



149 



my own merits are but few. I have a home and no one in it save my mother. 
When I leave it this time it will be for you to say whether I shall ever see it 
again or not ... you can make or you can mar me. For you I will dare any- 
thing ...."^ 

As the Canandaigua neared Gibralter, DeLong had mapped out the next six 
years. At the end of his second tourof duty at sea in 1872 — which he believed 
could again be with the European Squadron — he and Emma would marry. 
Then, assigned to land duty, he could live ashore with his bride for the next 
three years. DeLong initially attempted to forego his home leave and transfer 
to the Frolic, which was headed for Toulon and repairs. If he had applied a bit 
sooner, DeLong would have been back in France and once again at the thresh- 
hold of La Cote, the Wotton home. 

Instead, still aboard the Canandaigua, DeLong sailed to ports along the west 
coast of Africa and crossed the Atlantic to Barbados. Whenever possible, he 
dashed off and mailed a letter to Emma. For months she failed to reply. Then, 
as theyear ended, on December 30, sheanswered. Henri Le Forestier had died, 
and she had lost her only true friend. George replied by reminding Emma 
that "were Henri here he would admit my right to protect you and he did 
before my departure enjoin upon me your special care and protection."'' 

With Henri gone, DeLong considered himself engaged to Emma and 
planned to return to Europe. "The Secretary [of the Navy Welles] is a 
nice old gentleman and where ladies are concerned is very indulgent," 
he wrote, "and I propose with your permission to inform him of the fact of 
our engagement (without allowing your name to figure in it in the slightest 
degree) ...."^ 

DeLong expected to leave New York about March 1 for Havre. There he 
woulo ask Captain Wotton for Emma's hand if she agreed. He pleaded for 
advice on the "existing state of affairs" in the Wotton household and 
instruction on his "course of action." And because he soon hoped 
to visit Brooklyn, he asked Emma to send a new photograph to show his 
mother. The one he kept in his jacket pocket had been badly damaged by 
a wave that broke on deck and keeled him over. 

All George needed, he felt, was her father's consent. But her sea captain 
father strongly objected to the marriage, and described DeLong as "rough, 
impulsive and passionate." Moreover, he would be at sea for long periods, 
away from a wife who was too young and had had insufficient opportunity 
to see the world. In a letter to Emma, DeLong refuted the charges: 

I suppose I am not very refined and elegant ... However, I do not think 
that I ever failed to carry myself as a gentleman ... Impulsive? Yes, 
and I am glad of it. I owe my success in life to that very fact. It led 
me to the Naval Academy, to graduate well, and has carried me so far 



150 



along in the Service I am proud of my impulsiveness ... Eight years 
ago I was a boy without any definite plan of life and if I had not 
carved out my own life I should very probably now be behind a desk, 
a drudge to my employers for a miserable amount per week hardly 
sufficient to put bread m my mouth. I had an ambition to be some- 
what better than some others and in the Navy I am better than 
many others I am proud of my position ... Again, I am passionate ... 
Most men are .. If your father can show me one who is not passion- 
ate and yet possessed of an ordinary amount of go-a-headativeness, 
I will admit my failings and plead guilty ... As to the charge of being 
hard on men, I can only say that with men I never allow any argument... 
It is my office to command and theirs to obey ... I never ask a man to do 
anything that I would not do myself, and on one occasion I led them 
aloft when they hesitated to obey an order on the score of danger... I 
have no hesitation in saying that I believe any men who have sailed 
with me would go willingly again ....^ 

For George shore leave and a lengthy visit to Brooklyn, not Havre, came all 
too soon. A gloomy and land-bound son moped about his mother's house. 
Tired of pretending to be sorry to go off to sea, he longed for the day his leave 
ended. Yet he still hoped Emma would write. "A letter once in a while can 
do no harm to the plan of making you forget me."' Emma felt more and more 
that her parents might be right and the continual separations of a naval career 
would not make for happiness. 

A month after DeLong reported at Norfolk, Va., for South Atlantic 
Squadron duty aboard the Lancaster, his mother died. As DeLong waited and 
waited for words of encouragement from Havre, he slowly became resigned 
to live alone, homeless and friendless. The future indeed looked bleak. 

Finally, after a year of silence, George, in the summer of 1870, wrote 
Emma to relinquish all claim he had on her and asked her, in turn, 
to set him free. "I know I am shutting the door on any happiness in the 
future," penned George. "I shall die probably as I now live, unloved and un- 
cared for."^ 

To Emma, his letter seemed a call for help. She would not fail him. 

The knowledge of having regained Emma's favor rescued George from a 
sad and dreary existence. 

For more than a year, the Lancaster had been cruising the eastern 
coast of South America. At Montevideo, DeLong suffered a severe attack of 
rheumatism, and when his ship sailed, he had to be carried aboard. In the 
warmer climate of Rio, he recovered. DeLong's ship had cruised as far south 
as the Falkland Islands off Cape Horn, Then, in March, 1870, the Lancaster 
started north. About 200 miles south of the River Platte, a gale nearly wreck- 



151 



ed the vessel. All the sails were blown away and the spars carried off or dis- 
abled. The crippled ship worked her way back to Montevideo where she spent 
a month in repairs. Just as the ship was to sail, war broke out in Uruguay 
between two political factions. Hostilities kept the vessel there another four 
months. Again, the ship pulled anchor and sailed for Rio. There the Lancaster 
learned affairs in Montevideo had worsened. Once more, the ship returned to 
Uruguay where Emma's answer to his final plea caught up with him. 

DeLong quickly made plans. He would ask for a two-month leave and join 
Emma in France. "I must now commence life again," he wrote. "I will come to 
you, ask your father again, and from your own lips I must know my fate."^ 

On November 26 Lieut. DeLong received permission to leave the 
Lancaster. Without delay, he boarded the steamer Rio de Janeiro — bound 
for New York and the altar. 

"You must write me at once to New York telling me where you are," he 
hastily wrote Emma, "and if your father proposes coming to New York and 
when ... If I am to come to Havre you must find out exactly what I may 
expect ...."^° 

Emma's thoughts now focused on a man whom she hadn't seen in more 
than two years. She looked upon the meeting with some qualms. During the 
ensuing four or five months she had received 1 9 letters from him — the out- 
pouhngs of a young man's heart and soul. He was 26; she, 19. And she felt 
that she was marrying a man she loved but didn't know.^^ 

When Lieut. DeLong arrived at Havre in February, a dozen or so foreign 
ships, including the USS Shenandoah, dotted the harbor. The Franco- 
Prussian War had broken out and a number of countries sent warships to 
the port to protect their interests and nationals. The Wottons had invited 
George to stay at La Cote, and the morning after his arrival, he gave Emma 
an engagement ring. But the final "yes" to marriage had not been said. 
Furthermore, Captain Wotton still opposed the alliance of his gay, pretty 
daughter with the studious, solemn Lieutenant. 

Days passed; then weeks. On the last day of February, George and Emma, 
returning late from a party, had a heart-to-heart talk. He was so eloquent 
or she, so tired, that the Captain's daughter decided in his favor. The next 
morning Emma spoke at length to her father. Soon the two men met in the 
hall. 

"At last, Capt. Wotton. it's all settled," exclaimed George. "I talked with 
Emma late last night." 

"Oh no, DeLong," he replied. "I saw Emma the first thing this morning 
and nothing's changed." 



152 



That day DeLong started to pack. He had decided to apply for the European 
Squadron Captain Wotton prepared to sail for New York at midnight. At 
the eleventh hour, his wife took the deadlocked situation in her own hands. 

"How much more will you know Mr. DeLong if he joins the European 
Squadron?" she asked Emma. "His ship is not likely to be stationed at 
Havre, and if he is in Constantinople or anywhere else in Europe, how will 
you be able to get any better acquainted? Your father leaves tonight and 
you could not be married during his absence. Why not be married at once, 
this evening, and have it over? You must love him, for you've been very 
true to him." 

The matter was settled between the Wottons. Emma would marry at 8 
o'clock that evening. An hour or two later, Captain Wotton returned home 
after conferring with the American Consul. Gen. Samuel L. Glasgow* 
Wotton had learned that, as marriage in France is a civil contract, neither 
Glasgow nor the local American clergyman, the Rev. George Washington, 
had authority to perform the marriage. It had to be done at the Legation in 
Paris or not at all on French soil. It now seemed as if last-minute circumstances 
had conspired to thwart the marriage. 

But General Glasgow had an idea. The Shenandoah, an American man-of- 
war, was in port. The ship was American territory, and it would be perfectly 
legal to perform the ceremony on board. 

At 10 p.m. on the evening of March 1 — a clear, starry night — George 
and Emma became husband and wife after a courtship by letter of nearly 
three years. And they ended up with three marriage certificates: an entry 
in the ship's log; a document issued by the U.S. Consul, and a paper signed 
by the clergyman. 

The DeLongs soon sailed for New York where George was assigned to 
the Equipment Department at the Brooklyn Navy Yard. To Emma. New 
York in 1871 seemed like an overgrown village. The horse cars ran only to 
39th Street, but occasionally they would take a passenger as far as 42nd 
if he asked. George, preferring to live in Manhattan, spent three hours a 
day on the street cars commuting to and from the Navy Yard. 

Two events during their first year of marriage stand out. In October. 
Grand Duke Alexis of Russia, son of Czar Alexander II. arrived in New 
York, and DeLong was in charge of the large Naval reception given in his 
honor. The second event took place on the afternoon of December 12 when 
DeLong returned hometohavea little daughter — Sylvie — placed in his arms. 

In July DeLong reported for temporary duty on the flagship Frolic. The 
ship's primary role was to receive and entertain all foreign ships of war visit- 

• A year later. Gen Glasgow married Emmas sister Sylvie Wotton Minthorne, a widow Born in Adams 
County, Ohio, Glasgow (1838-1916) was commissioned a lieutenant in the 4th Regt.. Iowa Vol. 
Inf. in 1861, commanded lowas 23rd Regt. at the battle of Vicksburg, and rose to Brigadier 
General at age 26 He served as U.S. Consul at Havre (1869-73) and Glasgow (1873-76), and 
practiced law in Burlington, la. (1876-08). 



153 



ing New York Harbor. It was a pleasant but short interlude in DeLong's 
career. 

The year 1873 brought him wide acclaim. In January he joined the 
USS Juniata and that summer the ship received orders to search off Green- 
land for the lost Arctic steamer Polaris, commanded by Charles Francis Hall. 
Before DeLong sailed, he asked Henry Grinnell, who had sponsored the Kane 
and Hayes expeditions of the 1850s and '60s, to give whatever information 
he could on the Arctic. As Grinnell had employed DeLong's Uncle Joseph 
for many years, George was long familiar with the New York merchant's 
involvement with science and exploration. Grinnell, a founder and the first 
president of the American Geographical Society, offered his charts, and 
DeLong left determined to volunteer for any extra or hazardous duty that 
might develop. 

At the same time, the United States engaged the sealer Tigress to pene- 
trate the upper reaches of Melville Bay, where drift ice would imperil the 
thin-hulled Juniata. Since refitting at the Brooklyn Navy Yard delayed the 
Tigress in its rendezvous with the Juniata, DeLong offered to take command 
of the ship's 32-foot, open steam launch and search the western coast of 
Greenland. On August 2, 1873, with a crew of eight, the sloop-rigged "Little 
Juniata" set out on a 1,000-mile journey. 

The vessel pushed northward through narrow, foggy passes between 
islands and icebergs. Within 40 miles of Cape York (present site of Thule), 
the launch encountered a violent southeast gale and rough seas which 
pushed the ice pack out from the land. Half-buried by waves for 30 hours, 
the "Little Juniata" carried sail to keep afloat. Water flooded the fire 
room and coal bunker and set every locker floating. Fast-gathering ice, thick 
fog, gale-force winds and heavy surf climaxed the open vessel's perilous 
ten-day expedition. When the storm broke, the crew — hungry, cold and ex- 
hausted — hadn't a dry thing left in the boat. The coal supply was nearly 
exhausted. When the little boat finally reached the mother-ship, her furnace 
was burning pork. 

During the launch's ordeal, the Tigress had arrived and rescued a handful 
of Polaris crewmen from the ice pack. They were convinced that if DeLong 
met any bad weather, the open vessel was as good as lost. By the end of 
the week, the Juniata gave up hope of ever seeing DeLong and his men. 
Then, on August 10, the mother-ship sighted the launch. The ship reverber- 
ated with calls of welcome. DeLong had returned as if risen from the dead. 
But he had found no trace of the Polaris or her crew. The Tigress, more 
successful, learned of the Polaris' sinking (in May, 1873) from a group of 
Eskimos, who also told them that the Hall Expedition survivors had built 
two boats from the wreckage and ventured south in hope of falling in with 
a whaling ship. The Juniata soon got new orders to continue the search for 



154 



the small boats. The ship had barely cast anchor when the American Consul 
at St. John's received a telegram that the missing crewmen had been picked 
up by a British whaler The Consul had hired a tug to overtake the Juniata. 
When she heard the news, her eventful Arctic adventure ended. 

The voyage of the "Little Juniata" assumed the form of an epic by the 
time DeLong returned to New York. "By far the most daring and brilliant 
feat of the whole expedition," wrote the New York Herald. "The heroism of 
Lt. DeLong and his brave associates must ever remain a sterling tribute of self- 
sacrifice and devotion in the noble cause so cheerfully undertaken." 

Twenty-nine-year-old George DeLong had proved his mettle under the most 
trying conditions, and the acclaim which was his brought with it an easily 
diagnosed case of "Arctic fever. ' With firsthand knowledge of the excite- 
ment, difficulty and peril of polar exploration, DeLong was determined to 
conquer the Arctic ice in the future. Restless and ambitious, he was eager 
to accomplish something and felt that time was not far distant when he 
would be on the downhill side of life. 

Three months later at a dinner given by Henry Grinnell for a number of 
Arctic explorers, DeLong asked his host to sponsor an expedition to the 
Pole. Grinnell declined, but suggested James Gordon Bennett as the man to 
undertake such an endeavor. DeLong promptly wrote the Herald publisher 
in Paris. On his return to New York in January, 1874, Bennett talked with 
Lieut. DeLong and was convinced he had found the man to lead an exploring 
venture of the first magnitude. Bennett, who had a keen sense of what makes 
news, often created it. If there was something in the field of science or 
politics which he felt merited investigation, he analyzed it and then fre- 
quently turned it into a scoop for his paper. To strike out for the North Pole 
was an old dream of his. But both Bennett and DeLong realized that such 
an expedition involved great risk and required much preparation. Before 
further plans could be made, unsettled relations between the U.S. and 
Spain required DeLong's ship to be ordered to Cuba. 

In late 1874 DeLong received an appointment to the St. Mary's, a nautical 
school ship stationed in New York — the first such training school of its kind 
in the country. '^ A three-masted, full-rigged ship operated by the Board of 
Education of Manhattan and The Bronx, she was staffed with naval officers 
who gave instruction in navigation and seamanship. The boys lived aboard 
ship during the week and each year they made a cruise to foreign ports. 

The DeLongs settled in Brick Church, N.J., and again George became a 
daily commuter. He spent a year aboard the floating classroom. Then he 
briefly was attached in April, 1876, to the armor-clad monitor Lehigh. 
The vessel soon steamed to Port Royal, South Carolina, and Emma and little 
Sylvie spent the summer at nearby Charleston. The Southern duty ended when 
DeLong received orders to return to the St. Mary's as Executive Officer — 
a singular honor plus extra pay. 



155 



This time the three DeLongs moved to West 1 1th Street, closer to the 23rd 
Street East River school ship dock. During the summer of 76, the St. Mary's 
andherschoolboy crew sailed to Portugal. As the ship neared Lisbon, DeLong 
jumped from a high deck to catch a line which had fallen from aloft and threat- 
ened to damage a compass. He came down on a coil of rope and turned his 
ankle. In spite of the excruciating pain, he stuck to his duty and worked the 
vessel up the Tagus River for six long hours. The doctor later found a broken 
ankle bone, but DeLong refused to relinquish his shipboard tasks and attend- 
ed to his post on a pair of crutches. 

In November, 1876 — three years after DeLong approached Bennett with 
plans for an Arctic expedition — the two men decided to look for a suitable 
ship. No boat for adequately battling the polar ice could be found in the 
United States. DeLong, on a leave of absence, sailed to England to search a 
half-dozen northern ports where whalers and sealers set sail. 

"I have come ashore after nine days and twelve hours," DeLong wrote from 
Plymouth. "I had the run of the bridge, the captains quarters and, in fact, 
the whole ship. We had westerly winds and half gale all the way, and last 
night, Christmas Eve, we had a petit soupcon in the salon at 1 1 o'clock , after 
which the French passengers kept up a howl until four this morning. They 
resumed again this forenoon at ten when we sighted land. I leave for Cowes, 
then Glasgow where the real work of my mission commences."'^ 

At Cowes DeLong surveyed the Pandora, but gave no clue to her crew or 
owners of the purpose of his visit. For a month, DeLong traveled through the 
British Isles in search of a seaworthy steam whaler or sealer to take him to 
the Arctic. At Ellensborough he also found time to go aboard Britain's school 
ship, the Cumberland. But he canceled a trip to Hamburg; the ships he wanted 
to see were already sold. Many of the vessels suitable for the North had been 
contracted to hunt whales to meet the demand for whalebone, then in great 
favor as props in women's dresses. A ship that ordinarily sold for 30,000 or 
40,000 pounds had doubled in price. Moreover, the most suitable ones owners 
would not sell. 

In January, 1877, Bennett, more disposed than ever to launch an expedition, 
arrived at Queenstown to negotiate the purchase of the Pandora. Two years 
earlier, her captain, Sir Allen Young, aided by Bennett, had sailed the ship 
from Plymouth to search for traces of Sir John Franklin and his party lost 
nearly 30 years earlier somewhere north of Hudson Bay. In 1876 Young made 
a second unsuccessful voyage to discover the fate of Franklin. Now Bennett 
wanted this ship for his own expedition. 

DeLong wrote home: "How long I shall continue with the St. Mary's after 
my return I cannot say but I do not think it will be long. Bennett's arrival has 
enlivened me considerably. He is a very go-ahead sort of fellow and I like that 
kind of man. If I do not succeed, it will be a grand thing to add my name to the 
list of those who have tried."''' 



156 



Young refused to sell his Pandora, and for a year, he remained adamant to 
Bennett's offers Then, on a sudden impulse. Young gave in and the ship 
changed hands. DeLong. on hearing the news, obtained a six-month's leave 
from the St. Mary's and sailed for Europe. 

By an Act of Congress in March, 1878, the vessel was placed under 
Navy command for the polar expedition. The Navy Department was to 
provide a specially enlisted crew, paid by the Government, but later refunded 
by Bennett Contrary to his habit, Bennett was to foot the bills while the 
Government was to have all the authority.'^ 

By spring, lying in the Thames and soon to undergo repairs in drydock. 
the vessel flew the blue and red burgee of the New York Yacht Club. Bennett's 
and DeLong s club In late June the refurbished Arctic steamer sailed to Havre 
for her re-christening as the Jeannette — in honor of Bennett's sister, Mrs. 
Isaac Bell. 

On July 4 Bennett arrived from Paris with a railroad car of guests, including 
Henry Stanley who, a half-dozen years earlier, the Herald publisher had sent 
into Central Africa to find Dr. Livingstone. DeLong and his crew soon pre- 
pared to pull anchor for the first leg of the long Arctic voyage. Emma and six- 
year-old Sylvie had joined him in Europe and now would sail to San Fran- 
cisco on the Jeannette. 

The 18,000-mile cruise to California via the Straits of Magellan at the tip 
of South America took six months. Arriving at the Mare Island Navy Yard on 
December 27, 1878, the Jeannette in the following months was refitted and 
strengthened for her bout with the Arctic ice. Returning cross-country to 
New York, DeLong with the help of brother-in-law James A. Wotton, Jr., 
feverishly prepared for the long voyage north. Twenty-four crewmen were 
chosen from more than 200 applicants and six officers were selected: Charles 
Chipp, executive officer; George W. Melville, chief engineer; J. A. Ambler, 
surgeon; John Danenhower, navigator;* Jerome Collins, meteorologist, and 
Raymond Newcomb, taxidermist. 

What did DeLong hope to accomplish? He would try to reach the pole. But 
first and foremost, he hoped to prove that the Japan current flowed north- 
ward through Bering Strait and into open water somewhere beyond the fringe 
of the ice pack. This was to be the first full-fledged Arctic expedition by way of 
Bering Strait, though many a sturdy whaling ship sailed each season as far 
north at 72 degrees, and on exceptionally mild years a few had penetrated to 
74 degrees. Whaling skippers told DeLong he was pursuing a deadly will-o'- 
the-wisp, and that everything in their experiences refuted his hypotheses. 
They had never seen anything to indicate the existence of an ice-free polar 
basin, though the idea was not new with DeLong. ^^ 

DeLong also thought the land mass of Greenland might extend like a scarf 

* In due course, father of Lieut. Cmdr Sloan Danenhower (1885-1967), pioneer submariner, and 
grandfather to novelist Sloan Wilson (1920- ). 



157 



over the top of the globe to Wrangel Island just north of Bering Strait. DeLong 
believed he could sail across the basin and enter the North Atlantic east of 
Greenland, as well as explore the land mass by dog sled. He prepared to under- 
take extensive scientific observations, including ice navigation, astronomical 
experiments, gravity surveys and environmental studies. 

There was still a tremendous amount of preparation and innumerable mat- 
ters to be attended to. From Washington, D.C., on April 21, 1879, DeLong 
wrote Thomas Edison at Menio Park to inquire about some practical method 
by which he could use the electric light during the expedition, which planned 
to sail from San Francisco on the 15th of June. 

"I should like to illuminate the ship from time to time during the long Arctic 
winter," DeLong pointed out, "and subject my crew to the benefits morally 
and physically arising from that light, but as I am quite ignorant of any simple 
and practical way to carry out my ideas, I request your cooperation and 
assistance."'^ 

Professor Edison offered to provide an electric light plant, and DeLong 
soon visited the inventor's laboratory. "DeLong was a jolly fellow," wrote 18- 
year-old Edison assistant Francis Jehl, "and often brought laughter with 
him."'^ However, a way of generating current also was needed, and Edison set 
about devising it. The result was a small, 15-lamp capacity dynamo. 

"I'll tell you what," said Edison to DeLong at a demonstration of the appara- 
tus. "I'll make a frame with a large wooden wheel and crank so you can 
belt the dynamo on it when you have no steam, and your crew can take a 
hand driving the machine. It will keep them warm."'^ 

Edison thoroughly tested and approved the electric generating machine, 
and shipped it to California. The first steam vessel to employ electric lights, 
Xhe Jeannette used the system from October 14 to 30, 1879.^^ However, illumi- 
nation of the ship's 60 sixteen-candlepower lamps proved relatively unsuccess- 
ful and the old oil lamps soon replaced the faint glimmer of Edison's rudimen- 
tary lights. A practical Edison electric light — the incandescent lamp — did 
come about that year, on October 21 — at the very time DeLong and his men 
were tinkehng with their lighting system in the faraway Arctic. 

Ihe Jeannette also carried telephone equipment, including $160 in wire, for 
making experiments in the Arctic with Alexander Graham Bell's new talking 
apparatus. DeLong was not especially enthusiastic about the device, but 
Bennett directed him to cooperate with Bell. 

Before shesailed, the Jeannef^e became wound up in governmental red tape, 
and it was July when she left Mare Island for the Arctic. On July 8 she steamed 
out of San Francisco Bay accompanied by a flotilla of small boats crowded 
with well-wishers. She carried 31 men, and provisions and supplies for three 
years. 

DeLong stood on deck — "his features well rounded, inclining to fullness, 



158 



with a broad, firm under jaw, bespeaking a wealth of determination and force, 
and a shapely mouth gracefully shaded by a drooping, dark-brown mustache. 
Upon the bridge of a rather plump-looking nose rested a pair of spectacles, 
partly concealing a pair of expressive dark eyes."* From a tug. Emma saw 
the vessel bear away and watched her until she was a mere speck upon the 
distant horizon. 

"Here we are on our way toward the Pole," DeLong wrote Emma, "and it 
is the most natural thing in the world that I should sit down to write to you... 
We have not had a chance to settle everything into its place yet, but are getting 
along toward it. My room and the starboard chart room are all to rights and 
look quite cosy and cheerful. Your picture and Sylvie's hang at the head of 
my bed. and my horseshoe hangs over my window... I realize that I am en- 
gaged m a great undertaking from which neither of us would have me re- 
treat. ..With God's help we shall certainly do something however small. "^^ 

JheJeannette reached St. Michael's on the Alaskan coast on August 12 and 
spent four days loading Arctic clothing, three sleds and 40 work dogs. She 
also added two Alaskan natives as hunters and dog-drivers. 

"Do you know it is awfully dreary to contemplate writing line after line to 
which I cannot get an answer?" DeLong wrote from St. Michael's. "I never 
realized before how thoroughly domestic I was, and how ardently I desire 
some little place which we can call our own and where we can pass our days 
together."" 

The short Arctic summer was quickly slipping by and the Expedition anx- 
iously waited for the scheduled rendezvous with a schooner to take on extra 
coal. DeLong was outraged at not finding the fuel ship in port when he anch- 
ored. 

"I don't think I am inclined to be despondent or give up anything rashly 
when I have once taken it up," he observed. "In fact my resolution (or stub- 
borness) increases in proportion to the difficulties thrown in my way ... I am 
doing all I can to carry out your advice to make myself trusted and respected 
and I think I succeed. I try to be pleasant and agreeable without being 
familiar; gentle but firm in correcting anything I see wrong; and always calm 
and self-possessed. I feel my responsibility and care and I hope I appreciate 
the delicate position I am placed in of leading and directing so many people 
of my own age."" 

The last stop was St. Lawrence Bay in Siberia, where final details were com- 
pleted and last-minute mail was sent home. On August 27 the Jeannette 
headed for the Bering Strait. The ship was last sighted steaming off Wrangel 
Island a week later. Then nothing was heard of her for more than two years. 
Two Navy ships were sent to search for the Expedition, but could find no 
trace of the Jeannette. 

* Described by artist and portraitist of DeLong, William Bradford, who witnessed the sailing. 
Boston Herald, January 27. 1882. 



159 



When word finally arrived from Siberia, it was apparent that the Jeannette 
Expeditionsoutcomewas tragic. Theship had been trapped in pack ice off the 
Lena Delta on the northern coast of Siberia. There it stayed for 22 months. The 
monotonous Imprisonment in the ice was broken by the discovery of two small 
islands in May, 1881 — Jeannette and Henrietta (named for Bennett's 
mother). Then, on June 13. the ship was dealt a crushing blow by the grind- 
ing floes and quickly sunk. Prepared for the worst, DeLong and his men had 
carriedofftheirgearand supplies and three small boats. Traveling by boat and 
sled across the ice pack, they soon discovered a third island in he New 
Siberian chain on July 29 and named it Bennett Island (and its eastern coast, 
Cape Emma). In mid-September they set out in the boats for the mouth of the 
Lena, but on the evening of September 12, a strong gale separated the three 
vessels. Melville led his cold and drenched group to safety ashore. Lieut. 
Chipp and his party were never seen again. DeLong and his group reached 
land and made every effort to move south, but they got weaker and weaker 
from exposure and lack of food. Between October 16 and 30, one man after 
anotherdied. DeLong'sdiary ended on October 30, 1881 —the 140th day from 
the sinking of the Jeannette. 

For Emma DeLong, the silent months of waiting and suspense were borne 
first with contained patience, and then with growing apprehension. Her 
whole heart was in the success of the Expedition. She wrote dozens of letters 
addressed to her husband on the chance a whaler or search vessel might some- 
how find him. But for two and a half years, the Jeannette lost contact with 
the outside world and her voyage remained shrouded in mystery. Not until 
mid-December, 1881, did Melvilles wire of the Jeannette's fate reach the 
Herald in New York. 

Months lapsed before a full and intelligible account was received in the 
United States. Melville's boundless energy and valor led to the discovery of 
the bodies of DeLong and his companions on March 23, 1882. Melville found 
the Expedition's journals about three feet from DeLong; it looked as though he 
had been lying down and with his left hand tossed the book over his shoulder 
away from the campfire. 

"When the news reached me after months of profound anxiety, it was as if 
the seas had closed over me," Emma recalled. "I longed for peace, for 
solitude. But from all directions came calls that I could not leave unanswer- 
ed. "^^ 

During the next three years, Emma and the Jeannette's survivors faced both 
a Naval Court of Inquiry and a Congressional investigation. At the same time, 
she edited DeLong's journals and diaries for pubrication and arranged for the 
return of the remains of George and those men who perished in Siberia. After 
frequent delays, the 12,000-mile journey from the Lena Delta to New York be- 
gan. It lasted 15 months. 



160 



Tolling bells, booming cannons, flags at halt-mast, muffled drums, and the 
dirgeof military music met the remains of DeLong and his companions as they 
were borne up Broadway and across the Brooklyn Bridge to the Navy Yard. 
There the Navy, led by Secretary William E. Chandler, paid its final honors. 
The following morning, February 23. 1884, the cortege was taken on a tug 
across the East River to a dock at 23rd Street. Here a parade formed. More 
than 2,500 people marched in a procession that passed up Fifth Avenue to the 
Church of the Holy Trinity at Madison and 42nd Street. It included a battalion 
of Marines, a 200-man Army unit, the 69th and 23rd NO NY Regiments, 
scores of Army and Navy officers, the Navy Yard Band, more than 50 grad- 
uates and members of the school ship St. Mary's. 30 mounted police and 40 
on foot, GAR. veterans. Mayor Franklin Edson of New York and Mayor Seth 
Low of Brooklyn. Secretary of War Robert Lincoln, Congressmen, judges, rail- 
road presidents, foreign diplomats, representatives from a dozen societies and 
fraternal orders, five of the Jeannette's 11 survivors, and a score of rela- 
tives of DeLong and his comrades. Tens of thousands of people along the line 
of march watched the passing tribute. After Bishop Potters benedict- 
ion at Holy Trinity, DeLong and six of his companions were placed on a 
special railroad tram at Grand Central. As the tram neared Woodlawn in The 
Bronx, it began to snow and the ground at the Cemetery's Chapel Hill was 
soon covered with a light mantle of white. Engineer Melville paid his last 
respects to DeLong with whom he had dared the rigors of the Arctic. He 
stood tall, erect and commanding, as the snow flakes slowly eddied about his 
bared head and then softly fluttered into the open grave. 

"We have reached the last chapter in his life and the book closes as the 
earth closes over him, " concluded Julius DeLong a few days later. "We have 
learned all that we can of the efforts he made to penetrate the polar regions ... 
Their chart was wrong or I thinK they would have reached home alive, " he 
said as he laid down his cigar and leaned back in his chair. "The place they 
were going was designated as inhabited, but they found it a desolate, barren 
waste of ice . . . without the faintest glimmer of a hope that assistance would 
reach them. Emma DeLong believes everything possible was done, and has 
borne up like the true, brave woman she is."-^^ 

The Expedition, which had set out with high hopes and returned broken and 
covered with disaster, had not been in vain. It penetrated, by way of Bering 
Strait, to a greater distance into the unknown Arctic (77° N.) than had ever 
before been reached in that direction. Over 50,000 square miles of a shallow 
polar ocean had been surveyed and the existence of a polar continent was dis- 
proven. Geographical studies of tides, glaciers, wildlife and minerals were 
made. And the Expedition revealed that a frozen sea was not stormy in com- 
parison with any ocean that is wholly liquid. The Jeannette's voyage also 
was a pioneer in showing how scurvy could be avoided and good health pre- 
served by frequent exercise and proper diet. 

161 



In the long perspective of Arctic history, the Jeannette Expedition could not 
be called a failure. It made a definite contribution to the eventual conquest 
of the pole. The DeLong expedition was a teacher, for it sent a lesson — an old 
ice floe with a heap of clothing on it — down along a slow current to the 
coast of Greenland. During the summer of 1884, an official communication 
from Danish authorities in South Greenland arrived in New York. The dispatch 
stated that wreckage from DeLong's ship had turned up. For three years the 
relics, including clothing, gear, and papers, had drifted across the Arctic 
Ocean, from the Russian side to Greenland, perhaps passing over or close by 
the North Pole. It proved what many had previously doubted, but what 
DeLong believed: the existence of strong and steady currents in the Arctic 
Ocean. 

A young Norwegian zoologist, Fridtjof Nansen, was struck by the phenom- 
enon, and he soon began devising a plan to seek what DeLong had fought 
against — permanent entrapment of a ship in the ice. Nansen was aware that 
the Jeannette Expedition hoped the Japan current would carry them north. 
DeLong had been unable to find it, but, thought Nansen, it still might exist. 
And perhaps, had not DeLong's ship been destroyed, that current might have 
won for him the place in history that he sought — the niche reserved for the 
discoverer of the North Pole.^^ 

In September, 1893, Nansen's Fram, painstakingly built to withstand the 
crushing pressures of the floes, was run into the ice off the New Siberian 
Islands, not far from the place where the Jeannette had sunk. For three years 
the Fram drifted with the pack and in 1896 finally emerged into the open sea 
off the northern coast of Spitsbergen. Although Nansen never reached the 
pole, he did prove that DeLong's drift theory of the Arctic pack was correct. 

By the 20th century DeLong would be recognized by Arctic explorers and 
historians as one of the half-dozen leaders in polar exploration. For naval en- 
gineer-author, Edward Ellsberg, who later would write the fictionalized but 
factual account of the Jeannette, Hell on Ice, the Expedition remained "the 
epic tragedy of all Arctic Exploration — above all others at either Pole in the 
fortitude and faith shown by DeLong in his long drawn out battle for his ship 
and his crew amidst the arctic ice."^^ 

Moreover, the Jeannette provided the impulse for succeeding systematic, 
scientific research undertaken by the expeditions of Nansen, Amundsen, 
Stefansson and Peary. The commander of the Jeannette, possessing deter- 
mination, courage and professional skill, was both a forerunner of later polar 
explorers and a man of his time. DeLong very easily is, as one historian 
describes the 19th-century hero, "the offspring of the Romantic movement 
and victim of the Fallacies of Hope.''^^ 

After publication of DeLong's records — a two-volume narrative which re- 
mained for nearly 50 years one of the most complete accounts of Arctic ex- 



162 



ploration in print — the explorer's widow, Emma DeLong, closed the door on 
the past and tried to turn all her thoughts to the future. The letters of her 
youth and all the voluminous correspondence of the Expedition were packed 
in a trunk and never opened for 47 years. 

But. from time to time, the past would re-enter as memorials and tributes to 
DeLong were unveiled. One of the first monuments graced the edge of a 
wooded bluff overlooking the Severn River at Annapolis. The Jeannette. or 
DeLong, Monument — a 25-foot high stone replica of the cairn and icicle- 
covered cross erected by Melville on the Lena Delta — was dedicated in Oc- 
tober. 1890. A year later DeLong's classmates placed a bronze tablet and bust 
of the explorer in the Naval Chapel. ^^ And Congress in 1892 struck a gold 
commemorative medal to honor DeLong's service to his country. In 1887 a 
Brooklyn chapter of the Royal Arcanum, a fraternal order, chose to honor the 
Commander by naming itself DeLong Council, No. 725, R. A.' 

The U.S. Navy named two vessels in DeLong's honor. 3° The first DeLong was 
launched November 23, 1900 by Lawley & Sons at Boston. Sylvie deLong Mills 
sponsored the torpedo boat, which was assigned to the Reserve Flotilla at 
Norfolk, Va. (1902-06). The 26-knot DeLong alternated between active duty 
and standby reserve until World War I, when she was fitted out as a mine- 
sweeper and based at Norfolk. In 1918 she sailed for Halifax and patrol duty 
with the Submarine Chaser Flotilla and also escorted seaplanes to sea for the 
Naval Aero Squadron. She was decommissioned at Philadelphia in 1919 and 
sold for scrapping. 

The second DeLong was launched October 29, 1918 by N.Y. Shipbuilding 
Co., Camden, N.J., and sponsored by Emma deLong Mills, the explorer's 
granddaughter. A 319-foot destroyer, she sailed from New York a year later, 
and after joining in exercises at Guantanamo Bay and patrolling off Honduras, 
arrived at San Diego. She sailed in maneuvers and torpedo practice until 
placed in reserve in June, 1920. After extended overhaul, she returned to 
operating from San Diego. On December 1, 1921. the DeLong went aground 
in a heavy fog near Halfmoon Bay, Calif. The destroyer swung broadside 
against the shore and began to pound badly. ^' A tug and two destroyers 
stood by to assist, but she already was severely damaged. On December 17 
she was salvaged and towed to Mare Island. She was decommissioned and 
her hull sold in 1922.** 

In addition to two Navy ships, there are five geographical areas honoring 
DeLong: 

* The DeLong Guards of Hoboken, N J . was another tribute NY Times. May 28. 1906. 

** A third DeLong, a destroyer launched m 1943. was named for Canadian-born Marine Cpl. and 
Navy Cross recipient, Weldon F. DeLong (1915-42), who lost his life at Guadalcanal. She serves 
as reserve training ship for the 3rd Naval District (1963). 



163 



DeLong Islands. The Northeast group of the New Siberian Islands — 
Bennett, Jeannette and Henrietta — discovered and named by the 
Expedition, 1881. Claimed by DeLong as U.S. Territory, the Islands 
belong to Russia. ^^ 

DeLong Mountains. The west end of Brooks Range, north of Noatak 
River, in Northwest Alaska; the highest is 5,000 feet. 

DeLong, Illinois. A village in Orange Township, Knox County. Estab- 
lished in 1882 as a shipping point for grain and stock. Its population 
in 1899 was about 50.* 

DeLong Fjord. The passage of Arctic Ocean between North Greenland 
and offshore islands; 30 miles long and 2-5 miles wide.^^ 

DeLong Strait (or Long Strait). The strait joining East Siberian and 
Chukchi Seas and separating Wrangel Island from the mainland; 
85 miles wide. 

DeLong Inlet. On the Western coast of King William's Land, Northern 
Canada. Named by Lt. Frederick Schwatka, U.S.A., 1879, in search of 
records of the Franklin Expedition of the 18405.3" 

For many years Emma DeLong hoped that Congress would appropriate 
funds for the erection of a monument at Woodlawn. She solicited the interest 
and cooperation of the Government for such a tribute — a memorial which, 
in Emma's mind, would be the most lasting and appropriate to her husband 
and the faithful sailors buried with him. In 1910 Senator James Sherman 
introduced a bill asking for a Congressional appropriation of $10,000 to erect 
a monument, but it was defeated. ^^ Emma waited and finally realized her 
hopes were futile. 

In 1925 she commissioned Boston sculptor Leonard Craske to execute a 
statue of DeLong. The formidable white granite likeness of the explorer in 
fur parka — peering searchingly into the distance with the right arm raised 
to shield the eyes — was unveiled July 4, 1928 by DeLong Mills and Herbert 
Leach, the last surviving crewman of the Jeannette. More than 100 people 
attended, including dozens of DeLong kin and such noted Arctic explorers 
as Wilkins, Eielson, Fiala, McConnell, and Stefansson.** 

John C. Elker. "Orange Township," m Newton Bateman and Paul Selby (eds.).. Historical 
Encyclopedia of Illinois and Knox County, Chicago, Munsell Publishing Co., 1899, vol. II, p. 909. 
There is a Delong, Indiana (Fulton County) named in 1894 for the village's first railroad agent. 

Later that month, a 70-year-old Brooklyn seaman, Theodore Hoffman, claimed to be a Jeannette 
survivor. He told reporters that he had joined the Navy under the name of Peter Johnson. A 
bland liar, he used a name of a sailor who went off in Chipp's cutter. Thus, there was no 
possibility of a survivor arising to say, "fraud!". The N.Y. News ran his story before the fabrication 
was exposed. Ama Backer, "Locked in the Frozen North," N.Y. Sunday News, July 29, 1928; Ltr. 
A A. Hoehling to TAD. April 3, 1971. 



164 



Nearly fifty years had passed since the loss of the Jeannette. In the years 
between, Ennma DeLong had undertaken a number of long cruises and trips 
to Europe (1877. 1889. 1893, 1911). Visits to the mineral springs at Marienbad, 
the 1889 Centennial Exposition in Paris, and a voyage to Venezuela (1886) 
helped to close the door on the Arctic period of her life. And frequent 
vacations at Fairhaven, Mass., and Orient, L.I., and at her farm in New 
Market. N. J., filled the summers. 

In the late 1890s Emma had restored a 100-year-old clapboard farmhouse 
in New Market. The small farm, only 29 miles from New York, had been 
bought by her mother in 1871 and rented to tenants for nearly 30 years. 
The summer retreat soon became a profitable working farm. Emma knew 
nothing about raising crops or cattle, but was determined to learn. Beginning 
with a cow. Fome chickens and ducks and a vegetable garden, the effort 
brought surprising results. Before long. Emma planted hay. oats, and corn, 
and beat all the local farmers in the size of her crops per acre and quality. 
For years a nearby hay carter paid her top prices for every ton of hay cut on 
the farm. 

Before the house was sold in the late '30s. two of the 20th century's most 
notable world figures visited the New Market farm. 

During World War I Madame Chiang Kai-shek, as young Mayling Soong 
and college classmate of Emma deLong Mills, vacationed there. Then, in 
December, 1929, Charles A. Lindbergh called. It was a brief visit to the 
just-widowed hielen Wotton (grand-niece of Emma), whose aviator-husband 
Tommy Nelson had crashed in a snowstorm near Chagrin Falls, Ohio, and 
froze to death. Nelson, a mail pilot on the New York-to-Cleveland run, had 
flown with Col. Lindbergh in their barnstorming days and he had joined in 
the search over the Alleghenies for his missing companion. ^^ 

During all these years (it would reach a half-century before she died), 
Emma lived in a brownstone on 89th Street between West End Avenue and 
Riverside Drive. About the time of the Woodlawn unveiling, Vilhjalmur 
Stefansson, long an admirer and champion of DeLong's work, urged 83-year- 
old Emma to open the trunkful of letters that had been stored in the base- 
ment at 324 West 89th for half of her life. The old yellowed letters, including 
a dozen or more of never-delivered messages recovered by Adm. Peary at 
Greenland in 1899, revived the past and brought forth an autobiography. 
In 1938 Explorer's Wife, along with Hell on Ice, focused new attention on 
the Jeannette. Critics found Emma's book a warmly captivating human pic- 
ture written in a charming, faintly old-fashioned but powerful style. 

Shortly before its publication, the Soviet Government established on Hen- 
rietta Island an Arctic Station for weather observation and general scientific 
research. There, in June, 1938, the Russians discovered a copper cylinder 
containing DeLong's own report of the Expedition and a flagstaff. The cliff 



165 



behind the well-preserved staff was the high ground the explorers had tried 
to climb. The relics were sent by an icebreaker to the Arctic Institute in 
Leningrad. Water-soaked almost to a pulp, the written record remained 
indecipherable. However, it was a duplicate account of the Island's discovery 
that had been included in DeLong's journals.^^ 

For Emma DeLong, time was bringing more and more recognition of her 
husband's efforts. But perhaps the twilight years would have been brighter 
if the United States had claimed Henrietta and the other DeLong Islands, 
or if that last journal page on which her husband is believed to have 
written a last message and which may have been whipped out of his dying 
hands by the Siberian winds, had been found. 

Often when the Explorers Club met in New York, Emma attended the 
meetings, a small figure in rustling black silk whose hair never turned gray 
and who rarely wore glasses. Spry and alert into her 90th year. Emma 
became ill after a Saturday night bhdge game. The following day she 
suffered a pulmonary thrombosis and died that evening, November 24, 1940. 
Nonagenarian Emma DeLong, devotedly loyal to her husband's memory, had 
carried on alone through the long, long years — the last survivor of the 
saga of the Jeannette.^^ 

I. SYLVIE LAURE DeLONG. She was born in New York, December 12, 
1871, and spent much of her girlhood in that city, in New Jersey and 
at Aunt Sylvie Glasgow's in Burlington, lowa.^^ During the 1880s she 
attended Miss Aiken's School, Stamford, Conn. 

On October 25, 1893 Sylvie married Dr. Walter Sands Mills at the 
Church of All Saints, New York. The son of Robert J. and Mary Frances 
Reed Mills, he was born in New York, May 17, 1865. 

Sylvie served on the Board of Managers, Metropolitan Hospital Training 
School, on World War I Red Cross Committees, and as president of the 
Women's Auxiliary, Capt. Belvedere Brooks Post, American Legion (1921). 
Her health often threatened, she took many long trips, especially to the 
Mediterranean. "The weeks at sea did wonders for our patient," her mother 
wrote, "but were not a complete cure."''° She died in New York, April 
18, 1925, at age 53, following several serious operations for mastoid 
infection (Woodlawn). 

A heart and tuberculosis specialist, Dr. Mills was a member of the staff of 
Flower Hospital and had an office at 315 West 79th Street. He attended 
Harvard and CO. NY., and graduated from Columbia and the N.Y. Homeo- 
pathic College (1889). Besides carrying on his internship at Metropolitan 
Hospital, he was appointed assistant professor of anatomy at Flower, and 
in 1896, professor of medicine there and at Homeopathic Hospital on 
Blackwell's Island. He also served as an intern at Cumberland Street 



166 



Hospital, Brooklyn (1890-91). His other posts included official examiner, 
New York State Hospital of Incipient Pulmonary Tuberculosis, and medical 
examiner. Department of Health (1899-03) 

Appointed a captain. Army Medical Corps, in 1918 and assigned to 
Camp Meade, Md , he also served as a major. U.S. Army Medical Reserve; 
past commander, BelvedereBrooksPost, and vice commander, N.Y. County 
American Legion. 

The author of many papers and a history of Ward's Island, Dr. Mills 
wrote The Practice of Medicine, a 700-page text published in 1915. Taken 
from 20 years' experience and thousands of hospital cases, the medical 
compendium recorded his observations on "the symptoms and treatment of 
every case treated in private practice either in my office or at the 
bedside.""' 

Dr. Mills also served as president of the Homeopathic Medical Society, 
and held memberships m Sons of the Revolution, Military Order of 
Foreign Wars, and Seventh Regiment. He died in New York, January 5, 
1934 (Woodland, Stamford. Conn.). 

1 EMMA deLONG MILLS. Her efforts have helped to educate, train and 
guide scores of young Chinese in Hong Kong, Taiwan, and the United 
States. Since the 1930s, she has devoted much of her time and energy 
to serving China-U.S. medical and educational groups as a staff member, 
officer and trustee. 

She was born in Stamford, Conn., September 16. 1894. She and her 
brother, DeLong, were educated privately in New York by a governess 
until age 13 and 10, respectively. She entered Wellesley College in 1913 
with the class of '17, and after graduating during World War I, volun- 
teered as a "Farmerette," working in upstate New York. 

In late 1921. Miss Mills visited her brother, stationed in California. 
From there, she journeyed across the Pacific to China to visit a college 
classmate. She stayed in Shanghai and Peking three years, working on 
English language newspapers. Later, when the Sino-Japanese War broke 
out in the 1930s, she helped to organize the China Relief Fund in New 
York. 

During the 1940s she worked with the Manhattan Project at Columbia 
University and on the staff of the American Bureau for Medical Aid 
to China (ABMAC). The latter organization sent her on a fact-finding 
trip to Taiwan and Hong Kong in 1950. shortly after the fall of mainland 
China to the Communists. Since then, as a private citizen, she has made 
six trips to the Orient. 

Miss Mills is a director and the treasurer of The Hong Kong True 
Light Middle School Foundation, Inc.. a fund-raising unit for a girls' 



167 



preparatory school in Hong Kong. Since 1966 she has served on the 
board of the Chinatown Planning Council, a group formed in 1965 to 
try to ease the plight of Chinese immigrants in New York's overcrowded 
Chinese community. Through government and foundation grants, it 
offers recreational and day-care programs, language and home econ- 
omics courses, and counseling on jobs and housing. In 1968 Miss Mills 
was elected to the Council presidency for a one-year term, and later 
served as treasurer. 

For her wartime work with ABMAC, she was presented the Medal 
for Distinguished Service to China by Dr. Tsune-Chi Yu, Chinese 
Consul General in New York (1941). 

An enthusiastic and confirmed traveler, she has visited every continent 
but Antartica. On a globe-circling trip in 1960, she booked passage on 
a non-stop polar flight from Tokyo to Copenhagen. As the plane taxied 
down the runway, the pilot announced the first stop: Manila, with 
subsequent landings at Bombay, Cairo, Rome and Zurich. Realizing the 
itinerary was far from being the Arctic Circle route, she bolted from her 
seat and called a stewardess. A travel agent's error had resulted in the 
correct final destination but the wrong route. The crew urged her to 
stay aboard and see the world. She later wrote her brother: "Grand- 
father didn't get to the North Pole; neither did I!" 



2. DeLONG MILLS. Graduate of Annapolis and U.S. Naval officer for 27 
years, he followed in the footsteps of his grandfather. His career led, 
not to Arctic icecaps, but to the sky. An early naval aviator, he joined 
that military branch seven years after the Navy constructed its first 
aircraft — the twin-engine, three-float 82-A biplane of 1916. 

Born in Fairhaven, Mass., August 6, 1897, Mills grew up in New York 
and New Market, N.J. He prepared for the Naval Academy at the 
Army-Navy School, Washington, D.C. He was given a Presidential 
appointment to the Academy by Woodrow Wilson. He received his 
commission June 3, 1920 and was assigned to the USS Melville and 
Stoddard for three years. Mills entered flight training at Pensacola, 
Fla., in 1923 and was designated Naval Aviator, No. 3127, in January, 
1924. A month later he was severely injured in a plane crash, but 
returned to active duty in April. 

Naval aviation in the 1920s and '30s was concerned with the 
development of the aircraft carrier and the c'^atapult, as well as constant 
improvement of aircraft. During this period, Mills flew such pioneer 
naval aircraft as the Curtis Sea Hawk, Vought observation plane, 
Martin torpedo and Consolidated P2Y-1 patrol plane. His flight assign- 



168 



ments included Torpedo and Bonnbing Plane Squadron 1, attached to 
USS Wright, a seaplane tender; fog disposal experiments conducted 
by the Bureau of Aeronautics, Brainard Field, Hartford, Conn., and 
instructor, NAS, Pensacola. From 1931-34 he was attached to Patrol 
Squadron 5, Coco Solo, Canal Zone. On May 2, 1935 during fleet 
maneuvers in the Pacific, he made the first night catapult shot from a 
cruiser or battleship at sea. The following year, he was ordered to NAS. 
San Diego, as Executive Officer and in charge of flight school instruction 
crews, PBY patrol planes. 

In 1937, because of a physical disability incurred in the line of duty, 
he was suspended from flight assignments. Until World War II he 
served at the Naval Training Station, Norfolk, Va., and as Navigator 
aboard USS Nitro and USS Polaris. 

In 1944 Mills became CO of the Seventh Fleet's newly commissioned 
USS San Carlos, a seaplane tender. While in the southwest Pacific, 
he engaged in operations in Western New Guinea and landings on 
Moratai and Leyte. He also acted as CO of tender-based patrol squadrons 
that participated in air-sea rescues, antisubmarine patrols, night bomb- 
ings against Japanese shipping, and laison with the Philippine Govern- 
ment in hiding. 

DeLong Mills was assigned the Fifth Naval District, Norfolk, in 
September, 1945 and retired as Commander in early 1947. His awards 
include Bronze Star with combat V; World War I Medal, one star 
(for service aboard USS Franklin, summer of 1918); Pacific Area Medal, 
two battle stars, and Philippine Defense Medal, two stars. He also 
participated in the 1926 Curtis Marine Trophy Race at Washington, D.C. 

On March 17, 1921, he married (1) Mary Esther Schussler (div. 1932). 
On October 21, 1932 he wed (2) Martha Scott Smith, who died 
august 3, 1965. In 1946 he adopted her daughter, Martha M. Webster, 
born February 6, 1925. She died July 30, 1970 at Norfolk. Va. 

A member of the Academy's football squad while a midshipman. 
Cmdr. Mills for many years refereed eastern Virginia games. He was an 
avid bridge player, golfer and sports fan. DeLong died on January 31, 
1972 at Virginia Beach, Va., where he had lived for 21 years (Woodlawn). 

his sister, Emma Mills, is the last direct descendant of George 
Washington DeLong. DeLong's expedition frequently has been called 
"ill-fated." To her, the tragic ending of the Jeannette Expedition does 
not merit this description. The story of the voyage viewed in full 
context stands out as a well-planned and -executed attempt to reach the 
pole. She believes that the voyage from beginning to end was by no 
means "ill-fated" nor beyond the control of mortals and its outcome 
shaped by destiny. The records of DeLong and the Expedition, preserved 



169 



in the National Archives and at the U.S. Naval Academy, prove other- 
wise. 

The saga of the Jeannette lives on, and each succeeding generation 
discovers anew the adventures of her young commander. Although 
the DeLong expedition ends on a grim note, Emma Mills confronts her 
ancestral past with a far-less-morose outlook. Says Emma: "When 
doctors ask me what my relatives died of, I always tell them starvation 
and exposure. It's very effective.""^ 



170 



XI 
GEMS AND NOTIONS 



By 1880 the "original" DeLongs of New York no longer were the only 
family group in the City bearing the name. A dozen or so "new" DeLongs 
appear in the last quarter of the 19th century. Many of them migrated from 
upstate New York and were descendants of Arie Fransen DeLong. Others 
came from Pennsylvania and Canada, including a number from Nova Scotia. 
There even may have been a few arrivals from France or her New World 
possessions. 

The Brooklyn and New York directories of the 1880s — in essence, 
forerunners of today's telephone books — list, in addition to the DeLongs 
already profiled: 

Delavan, an East Broadway pawnbroker. Thomas of 105 West 16th Street 
and John at 25 Pitt, both clerks. Lemuel, a tailor on Grand Street as early 
as 1830. In Brooklyn, liquor dealer Frank; Dr. Louis, M.D.. and electrician 
James C. and Maria L., widow of Theodore, and George C, a varnisher. 
On Atlantic Avenue, Mabel, a dressmaker; on Myrtle Avenue, Sherwood, a 
conductor. 

No doubt, the record of these DeLongs, too, could fill a book as long 
and as graphic as the story of Moses' children But, of the "second wave" 
of DeLongs, two stand out at mid-20th century. 

For more than 80 years, there's one "DeLong " that has been closer to 
more women than ever thought possible. No other DeLong continues to be 
on such intimate terms with so many women in so many places. 

And there's still another famous "DeLong " around which centered one of 
the most bizarre affairs of this century. 

Ageless Lotharios? Not quite! 

In recent years, "DeLong" has been linked less with specific individuals 
but rather with certain objects. These small articles have caused the name 
to become a household word. One of the pocket-size items is readily accessible; 
the other — allowing for one extraordinary episode — is untouchable. Indeed, 
today the name DeLong evokes hooks and eyes, and precious gems. 

Inventor-businessman Frank Emerson DeLong and heiress Edith Haggin 
DeLong have perpetuated their names through unique means. Both the 
inventor of the fastening apparatus and the donor of the well-publicized 
stone have been overshadowed by their near-legendary "creations." 

Frank E. DeLong, inventor of the DeLong hook and eye, was born April 
9, 1864 in Danville, Montour County, Pa. The son of Daniel and Jane 
Emerson DeLong and the grandson of Henry and Magdelena Berger 



171 



DeLong, Frank was a descendant of Pieter DeLong from son Frederich's 
line. In 1872 Daniel DeLong started an iron foundry In Danville, seven miles 
from Washingtonville, his birthplace. Frank occasionally worked in the shop 
and soon revealed an unusual mechanical aptitude. 

As a young man he entered the employ of a mining and engineering 
company in New York where he remained for five years. He then moved to 
Philadelphia where he engaged in the fire insurance business. In 1889 he 
began to devote full time to inventions. 

The story goes that Frank DeLong's niece constantly complained about her 
coats and dresses coming open because of insecure fastenings. He saw the 
problem, and combining inventive genius with hard work, developed the 
strong-holding "third-wire" hook and eye for ladies apparel. 

In 1890, with Thomas Richardson, he started the DeLong Hook & Eye 
Company in Philadelphia to manufacture the two-part fastener. The firm 
prospered and more than 75 other DeLong inventions followed, including the 
bobby pin, first popular in the 1920s; an electric stenograph; a paper fast- 
ener; a shirt-waist holder, and a folding paper box.* DeLong's fame and 
fortune grew. Clever marketing and advertising of his fasteners, pins, hair 
nets, and snaps ("products that satisfy the public demands") resulted in 
world-wide sales. Before long, a second factory was opened in St. Mary's. 
Ontario, Canada. 

At age 50 DeLong was internationally known and an inveterate traveler. 
Yet he was always ready to do whatever he could for the folks back home 
in Washingtonville. He never forgot them. On the night of May 21, 1927, 
DeLong was one of the thousands who greeted Charles A. Lindbergh when 
the aviator landed at Le Bourget field in Paris upon completion of his non- 
stop flight from New York. The next evening, at a charity auction to help 
the families of disabled French war veterans, DeLong purchased for $1,000 
the helmet worn by Lindbergh. A year later Frank DeLong gave the momento 
to Washingtonville's Jane E. DeLong Community Hall and Library, a build- 
ing he donated in memory of his mother. 

Proud to call this small borough his home, DeLong gave $100,000 for the 
construction of the DeLong Memorial High School in 1930. The building was 
dedicated to the youth of the community with the "hope and confidence 
that it may be the means of offering advanced opportunities to the boys 
and girls of future generations to become God-fearing, worthy, and sub- 
stantial citizens of their country."^ 

For years Frank DeLong was one of the largest real estate operators in 
Philadelphia, and to manage his company and properties, he built for his 

Frank DeLong faced competition from several contemporary, but apparently unrelated, DeLongs 
who patented remarkably similar fasteners and gadgets. Oscar A. DeLong of Glen Ridge, N.J., 
invented a "shielded" variety of safety pin in 1899 and a purse for carrying coins in a garment 
pocket m 1909. William A. DeLong, Jr., of New York and Plainfield, N.J., came along in 1900 
with a button-fastening device, and later patented a ribbon holder, a vehicle seat attachment, and 
a book rest. 



172 



business headquarters the DeLong Building at 13th and Chestnut Streets. 
His 600-acre Blue Springs Farm in Washingtonville was both home and a 
modern working farm and wildlife preserve. In 1926-27 he donated the land 
and financed the construction of Sunset Lake recreational park and the Blue 
Springs Driving Club race track and grounds in Montour County. A well- 
known clubman of Philadelphia, he was a member of the Union League, 
Racquet, Cricket and Bachelor's Barge.^ 

Bachelor Frank DeLong died of a heart attack February 15. 1939, while 
swimming at Palm Beach, Fla. (South Laurel Hill, Philadelphia) In 1955 the 
DeLong Hook and Eye Co. was sold to the Scovill Company of Waterbury. 
Conn. The following year, in accordance with a consent decree of the 
Federal Trade Commission, the straight and safety pin portion of DeLong 
was sold to the Star Pin Co., founded 1866 in Shelton, Conn. As a result of 
this purchase, the DeLong Products Division of Star was formed. The 
company's New York office is at 47 West 34th Street. 

Nearly 25 years after Edith Haggin DeLong's death, her name fell into 
the public domain with a far-flung notoriety she probably never sought or 
ever believed possible, although much of her life centered around philan- 
thropic endeavors. Among her many gifts to educational and charitable 
institutions during the 1920s and '30s were scholarships at Princeton in 
memory of her father, endowments to New York Hospital and NYU, and the 
100-carat star ruby to the American fVluseum of Natural History. The rare 
gem that bears her name had been discovered in a mine in Burma in the 
mid-1930s and was given to the Museum in January, 1938. About the same 
time, Mrs. DeLong also gave funds to build the pearl-diver exhibit in the 
Hall of Ocean Life. 

Then, a quarter-century later, on the morning of October 30, 1964, a 
custodian arrived for work at the Museum and found broken glass in the 
J. P. Morgan Hall of Gems and Minerals on the fourth floor. A total of 24 
precious stones with a minimum value of $400,000 were missing. The thieves 
got in the Museum by forcing the lock of a ground-floor door, and then went 
to an unlocked office on the fifth floor, directly over the Gem Hall. Using 
strong, Venetian blind tape, they lowered themselves 15 feet along the 
exterior wall to an unlocked window and entered the jewel room. The gem 
cases were opened with a glass cutter and the jewels raked out by a window- 
washer's squeegee. Security measures, the Museum director admitted, were 
inadequate. The alarm system had been disconnected years ago, presumably 
for economic reasons. 

Among the missing gems were the 563-carat Star of India, the 100-carat 
Midnight Sapphire, and 87-carat engraved emerald, and the 100-carat DeLong 
Star Ruby. The deep skyblue, golf ball-size Star of India and the equally 
brilliant Midnight Sapphire — both discovered in Ceylon — had been given 



173 



to the Museum in 1901 by benefactor J. P. Morgan. Overnight the story 
of the stolen gems — remarkably similar to the plot of then-popular film. 
"Topkapi" — was front-page news. 

The following day, November 1, F.B.I, agents arrested two men in Miami 
and one in New York for the theft — Jack (Murph the Surf) Murphy, Roger 
Clark and Allan Kuhn. all Florida beachboys and surfers. A day later, Kuhn's 
girl friend, a 19-year-old secretary was arrested and charged with taking the 
stolen gems to Miami right after the theft. A tip from a bellhop at the 
surfers' Cambridge House Hotel had broken the case. In mid-November, the 
dapper, confident suspects flew to New York to post bail and immediately 
returned to Florida. The surfers' names were to become very familiar as they 
paraded in and out of court and shuttled between Miami and New York in 
the following three months. 

On January 2, Murphy and Clark were arrested as suspects in the 
burglary of a Miami mansion and released on bail. That week the three 
suspects appeared in court m New York on theft charges. Leaving the 
courtroom, police arrested them on a charge involving a S200 holdup and 
pistol-whipping in July, 1964 at the Algonquin Hotel and they were jailed. 

Two days later, Kuhn agreed to cooperate with the police in tracking 
down the gems and flew with detectives to Miami. Hectic and evasive 
maneuvering — most of it to avoid reporters — ensued. Kuhn continually 
made and received phone calls from fences and friends who held the gems. 
Finally, one caller told a detective where to find the jewels. On January 8 
the Star of India and eight other stones were recovered in two water-logged 
suede pouches from a locker in a Miami bus terminal. 

Kuhn was returned to his cell in Manhattan City Prison and the recovered 
gems were restored to the Museum. Still missing were the DeLong Ruby, the 
Eagle Diamond, and 13 other gems. Speculation rose that the famous ruby 
was being held as a ransom to guarantee that the three suspects got the 
leniency they had been promised. One Miami police officer said the 100- 
carat DeLong stone probably had been cut up to make it harder to trace. 
Soon it was revealed that nine of the stones had been cut up and disposed 
of by fences to pay the surfers' lawyers and bondsmen. Reports circulated 
that the DeLong Ruby was intact and chances of recovering it were de- 
scribed as being 50/50. 

Meanwhile, the surfers pleaded guilty and were sentenced to three con- 
secutive one-year terms. Kuhn's girl friend, who unknowingly transported 
the gems to Florida, was freed. 

Threads of the bizarre hunt slowly unraveled. After seven months of secret, 
touch-and-go negotiations, payment of a $25,000 ransom and a search of a 
parkway telephone booth, the $140,000 stone was recovered September 3, 
1965. 



174 



Earlier that summer, in a deal agreed to by New York District Attorney 
Frank Hogan. the prison sentences imposed on the Florida beachboys were 
to be reconsidered for the return of the stone and payment of a ransom. But 
48 hours later Hogan reversed his decision and the deal blew up completely. 
Heemphasized that he would not recommend any review of the jail terms if the 
gem had to be ransomed. 

At the same time, it was revealed that millionaire Florida insurance man 
John D MacArthur had entered the movie-like sequence of events with an 
offer to donate $25,000 to ransom the jewel. He said his only interest was 
to get the gem back to its rightful owner. MacArthur sent the chairman of 
the board of the First Marine Bank of Riviera Beach a letter asking that an 
escrow account be set up. The letter asked that the account be in the name 
of the Miami lawyer for the beachboys and that $25,000 be transferred from 
MacArthur's account to the new account when the Ruby was in hand and 
identified by a gem expert. MacArthur later changed this arrangement. He 
gave the $25,000 in cash to Francis P. Antel, a free-lance writer who had 
become involved with the recovery deals several months earlier. Antel acted 
as the go-between with the fences who purportedly advanced the beachboys 
$30,000 for the 100-carat gem. 

MacArthur was instructed to go to a designated telephone booth at a 
service station plaza near Palm Beach. As soon as he drove up to the booth, 
the telephone rang. MacArthur was instructed by the caller, Antel, to face 
the door in tbe booth, then reach to the top. 

"It took a few minutes searching, but the gem finally was found, unwrapped 
and lying like a pebble on a small ledge along the top of the booth," 
MacArthur said. 

He immediately wrapped It in an old rag he had in his car and turned it 
over to the Marine Bank. The following morning Joseph Chamberlain, 
assistant director of the Museum, flew to Florida to reclaim the gem. Two 
days later. 10,000 people filed past a display case in the Gem Hall to get 
a glimpse of the famous DeLong Ruby. An additional 1,000 viewers were 
turned away. On public exhibit for the first time in almost a year, the 
irreplaceable stone, along with ten of the 24 stolen jewels, was securely 
ensconced. Protected by a new steel and unbreakable glass case, the widely- 
known gems were now watched by guards round-the-clock. 

Thegem theft — one of the boldest and most highly publicized in history^ — 
generated a number of questions directed at DeLongs throughout the country. 
Most inqueries wanted to know more about the Ruby's donor because, for 
the most part, little background on Mrs. DeLong had been included in the 
press. Thus, California-born Edith Hunter Haggin merits inclusion among 
New York DeLongs by virtue of her Manhattan domicile and posthumous 
prominence. Her second husband was a descendant of Arie Fransen DeLong 

I 

1 175 



who settled in the Hudson Valley in the late 17th century and founded a 
dynastic line as prolific as his contemporary, Pieter DeLong. 

Born in San Francisco, July 15, 1858, Edith DeLong was the daughter of 
Eliza Jane Sanders and James Ben AN Haggin (1822-1914), who had made 
a fortune in mining during the 1849 gold rush to California. Mr. Haggin 
controlled the Homestake Mine in South Dakota, at one time the nation's 
largest producer of gold. He was a leader in land development in the West 
through his connection with the Kern County Land Development Company 
and was celebrated for the horses he bred in Kentucky. 

After his wife — Edith's mother — died, he married in 1896 at age 73 
Margaret Voorhies of Versailles, Ky., 45 years his junior. Before his death at 
Newport, R.I., in 1914, he gave Margaret a fabulous collection of rare gems 
and precious-stone ornaments. When the second Mrs. Haggin died in 1965 at 
the age of 96, she left a fortune in jewels — 80 pieces, including a $150,000 
Cartier stomacher with a pear-shaped diamond weighing 23.6 carats. The 
collection of emerald, ruby, sapphire, and pearl necklaces, brooches, rings 
and pendants sold at a Parke-Benet gem auction record of $1,671,320. 

Edith, the daughter of a lawyer-turned-miner who struck it rich and ac- 
quired houses, horses and gems as if they were playing cards, inherited 
the parental flair for big precious stones. And by 1914, as one of the heirs 
of James Haggin's twenty-million-dollar estate, she had the money to in- 
dulge such fancies for the rest of her life. 

Raised and educated in California, she married in 1878 Richard Purdy 
Lounsbery, a Wall Street broker who was born August 9, 1845. He died 
October 23, 1911 at his family's 150-year-old home in Bedford, N.Y. Six 
years later, on January 15, 1917, Edith wed George Bowen DeLong at her 
residence, 14 East 52nd Street, New York. DeLong was born March 26, 1875 
in San Francisco. The son of Frances Adirene Lamont and State Senator 
Frank Coye DeLong, who represented Marin and Contra Costa Counties, 
1 885-92, George DeLong was a grandson of New York Supreme Court Justice 
George D. Lamont (1822-1876) of Lockport. DeLong graduated from Stanford 
University in 1896, and became a real estate broker and attorney. About 
1900 he won the California State double tennis championship and later 
served with the Red Cross in World War I. 

The DeLongs traveled extensively and visited remote parts of China and 
Japan in the early 1920s. On January 24, 1924 DeLong and a Stanford 
classmate, Robert L. Coleman, sailed on a cruise of the Mediterranean. 
Mrs. DeLong, who had made a previous tour of the Mediterranean, planned 
to join her husband in England in April. During the cruise George DeLong 
wrote many letters to his wife telling her of his experiences in Egypt, 
Turkey and Greece. From Athens and Bucharest the two men planned to go 
to Paris and London by way of the Balkans. 



176 



Motoring along one of the wildest mountain areas of Albania on April 6, 
1924, DeLong and Coleman met bandits on the sparsely-traveled Tirana- 
Scutari road The thieves waylaid and mercilessly killed the two men. 
Albania, believing the crime was a political act to discredit the Government 
in the eyes of the world, quickly proclaimed martial law.'' The Balkan country 
took strong measures to track down and arrest the unidentified highwaymen. 
Two of the band were killed in a fight with a posse of gardarmes. A 
third bandit was wounded, and three others escaped. On April 12, a grief- 
stricken Mrs DeLong sailed to Naples to claim the bodies. 

Edith DeLong continued to live in the large East 52nd Street townhouse. 
near her two children, Richard Lounsbery and Edith L Perry Worden. Until 
her death, February 28, 1940 (Kensico, Valhalla, N.Y.). she periodically 
received mail and telephone messages addressed to "Mrs. George DeLong of 
New York City." The other Mrs. E. DeLong — Emma Wotton DeLong — 
lived across town on West 89th Street. More than sharing similar names, 
the two women led remarkably parallel lives of travel, eclat, and tragedy. 
Both had been born in the 1850s and the daughters of enterprising 19th 
century nabobs They traveled extensively to far-flung locales and were 
prominent socially and philanthropically. Moreover, the two contemporary 
Mrs. DeLongs lost husbands by tragic events on foreign soil. And' both died 
in New York City the same year, 1940. 

By the close of that year, the DeLongs in New York and Brooklyn had 
dwindled to less than two dozen people. Death and the exodus to suburbia 
had taken its toll. Soon World War II and corporate transfers would uproot 
more and scatter them across the country. With the passing of still another 
generation, few of the Joseph, Levi, Jonathan and Lydia progeny would 
remain in Manhattan and Brooklyn. 

As the French Huguenots of three centuries ago, they have left familiar 
surroundings for new berths and untried moorings. In the superjet age, when 
one travels faster from New York to Nashville than from Fulton Street to 
Bergen Beach, new chapters of the Huguenot hegira are being written. Not 
on Marcy Avenue or in Fiatbush . . . not just in nearby New Jersey or 
Connecticut, but in Texas, Michigan, Georgia, California, and Canada. 

Compared to this century, the lives of the 19th-century DeLongs are 
primitive, if not more frugal and labohous. Today, we reap the harvest of 
their industry and thrift. Years ago, centenarian Joseph DeLong advised us 
to render all due filial respect and reverence to their memory, and learn to 
avoid their errors and imitate their virtues. He told us to re-examine what 
we so often take for granted. 

At the turn of the century, he wrote: "They walked that you might ride 
in carriages and parlor cars. Wives and daughters shortened and narrowed 
their dresses that yours might have laces and ribbons, folds and flounces. 



177 



They ate black bread that you might have white; they had smoke-dried meat 
365 days a year that you might eat fresh meat every day. They drank rye 
coffee that you might have mocha and Java; they served applejack and cider 
that you might drink champagne and cognac. And they sent their children 
to log schoolhouses that yours might go to college and universities. 

"Now what can you do," Joseph asks, "to show your appreciation of and 
commemorate their self-denial and consecration to your service, less placing 
marble tablets and memorials windows in your churches and in your parks 
erecting monuments? Set to work doing something for those who are to 
come after you," he replies. "For there must you look for still better things 
in times to come." 



178 



NOTES 



Chapter I — Kinship 

1 Elsdon C. Smith. American Surnames, Philadelphia, Chilton Book Co., 
1969, passim. 

2 Eagle. May 8, 1921. 

3 Ibid. March 3, 1914. 

4 N.Y. Times. June 29, 1905. 

5 Huntington Long Islander, Sept. 22, 1960. 

Chapter III — A Huguenot Hegira 

1 A. Stapleton. Memorials of the Huguenots in America, Carlisle. Pa., 
1901. p. 72-74. 

2 Irwin H. DeLong, "Jacob Jansen Van Etten. 1663 — Otherwise Known 
as Jacob Jansen DeLange," Record. N.Y. Genealogical & Biographical 
Society, vol. Llll, no. 1 (Jan., 1922), p. 70-74. 

3 G. Elmore Reaman, The Trail of the Huguenots, Baltimore, 1966, p. 129. 
134. Also see: Beulah Hix Blair. Some Early Lineages of Berks County, 
Pa., Denver, Riley's Reproductions, Inc.. 1959, p. IX 

4 Ltr.. John J. Stoudt to TAD, July 10, 1971 

5 Ltr., Nellie DeL. Phillips to Lydia (Lil) Schaefer, May 11. 1923. 

6 John Baer Stoudt, et. a!.. History of Lehigh County, Pa.. Allentown, 
Pa.. 1914. vol II, p. 227. 

7 P.C. Croll, "The DeLong Family in America," The Pennsylvania-German, 

vol. 4, no. 4 (Oct., 1903), p. 377-78. 

8 Ibid., p. 382. 

9 J.B. Stoudt gives April 4. 1749 as the marriage date, but no source. 

10 MS Book of the Oath of Allegiance of Berks County. Berks County 
Historical Society, Reading, Pa. 

11 Allentown (horning Call. June 23, 1935. 

Chapter IV — Bowers to Brooklyn 

1 Stoudt. et. al.. p. 228. 

2 Ltr.. JD to John B MacKinnon, Jr.. May 31. 1898. 

3 Eagle. Oct. 28, 1913. 

4 Annette Carter Tour, "A Taste of Brandywine,'" Philadelphia Sunday 
Bulletin f^agazine. Sept. 8. 1968, p. 10. 



179 



5 Annals and Regulations, Veteran Corps of Artillery, State of New 
York, and The Military Society of The War of 1812. New York, 1970, 
privately printed, passim. 

6 Ltr., WAD to MDM, Sept. 18, 1867. 

7 Ltr., JD to MDM, Oct. 9, 1908. 

8 Norwalk Hour, March 5, 12 and 20, 1892. 

Chapter V — Mechanic to Merchant 

1 Eagle, Jan. 18, 1914. 

2 Ltr., JD to JDJr., July 1, 1861. 

3 /b/d.. July 5, 1861. 

4 Ltr., JD to MDM, Dec. 20, 1867. 

5 Ibid., Sept. 18, 1867. 

6 Ibid., Oct. 20, 1867. 

7 Id. 

8 Ltr., JD to MDM, Sept. 30, 1867. 

9 Ltr, JDJr to MDM, Dec. 10, 1867; Ltr., JD to MDM, Dec. 20, 1867. 

10 Brooklyn Times, Sept. 20, 1902. 

11 NY. Even/ng IVor/cf, Sept. 3 (?). 1908. 

12 Eagle, Sept. 3, 1908. 

13 Ltr., JD to MDM, Oct. 9, 1908. 

14 Ibid., Oct. 14, 1908. 

15 Brooklyn Times, Oct. 28, 1912. 
16. Eag/e, Oct. 28. 1913. 

17 Ibid., Oct. 18, 1914. 

18 Ibid., April 29, 1915. 

Chapter VI — An Eastern District Dynasty 

1 Eugene L. Armbruster, Brooklyn's Eastern District, Brooklyn, p. I. 

2 Ltr., Edward H. Fuller to WAD, April 18. 1910. 

3 William A. DeLong, "Reminiscence of The Civil War," Program for the 
Forty-Sixth Annual Reunion of the 77th N.Y. Regiment, Saratoga 
Springs, NY., Sept. 19, 1918. 

4 Ltr., WAD to JDJr, May 20. 1861. 

5 Eagle, May 17, 1896. 

6 Ltr., WAD to MDM, Dec. 4, 1918. 

7 U.S. Army Discharge Ctf., Aug.-6, 1861. 

8 Eagle, May 16, 1861. 

9 /b/d., May 17. 21 and 31, 1861. 

10 Ltr.. JD to JDJr, May 24. 1861. 

11 Ltr.. JDJr to JD, June 9, 1861; Eagle, June 18, 1861. 



180 



12 Ltr., JD to JDJr, July 1, 1861. 

13 Eagle, June 29, July 5. 10, 11 and 18. 1861 

14 Ltr, JD to JDJr, June 29. 1863 

15 Ibid.. July 14, 1863 

16 Eagle. July 20, 1863. 

17 Ltr , WAD to MDM, Sept. 9, 1867. 

18 Ltr, JDJr to MDM, Sept 20, 1867. 

19 Ltr. WAD to MDM, Sept. 18, 1867. 

20 Ltr. JD to MDM, Sept. 30, 1867. 

21 Brooklyn Times, Sept. 19. 1903. 

22 Ltr , John DeLong to MDM, Oct. 20, 1867. 

23 Ibid.. Nov 10, 1867. 

24 Ltr, JD to MDM, Nov. 28, 1867. 

25 Records. Bureau of Naval Personnel, National Archives, Washington. D.C. 

26 Brooklyn Times, March 6. 1876. 

27 Ltr., Thos. A. DeLong to Mary DeL Wilson, Dec. 31, 1937. 

28 JD. Wells, A Brief History of the So. Third Street Presbyterian Church, 
New York. 1870. p 23. 

29 Allegheny County, Pa., Illustrated, Pittsburgh, Consolidated Illustrating 
Co.. 1896. p. 222. 

30 Eagle, Dec. 2. 1928. 

31 N.Y. Herald-Tribune, Jan. 12. 1929. 

Chapter VII — Brooklyn 14, Suburbia 14 

1 Eagle, June 21, 1896. 

2 Ltr., Janet DeL Cullom to TAD, May 26, 1959. 

3 Eagle. Nov. 2, 1902. 

4 Ibid., Jan. 17, 1893. 

5 Ltr., EWD to Southmayd Hatch. Sept. 27. 1935. 

6 Ltr., Janet H. Schumacher to TAD, April 20, 1964. 

7 Brooklyn Times, Oct 25, 1900. 

8 N.Y. Journal, Oct. 28, 1900. 

9 Bridgeport Post, Sept. 16, 1934. 

10 New Canaan Advertiser, March 31, 1938. 

11 Brooklyn Life. Dec. 23, 1911. 

12 Timothy Hopkins, The Kelloggs in the Old World and the New, San 
Francisco, Sunset Press, 1903, vol. II, p. 1661. 

Chapter VIII — Progeny Ad Infinitum 

1 N.Y. Times, Jan. 26, 1969. 

2 Yachting, Nov.. 1969, p. 61. 



181 



3 "The Materials Age," Materials in Design Engineering, Oct., 1964, p. 5. 

4 Eagle, March 4, 1914. 

5 Ibid., Feb. 8, 1943. 

6 The Long Islander, Sept. 2, 1960. 

7 James Smart. Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, Dec. 8, 1966. 

8 Pete Martin, "I Call on Helen Sigel Wilson," Philadelphia Sunday Bulle- 
tin Magazine, July 5, 1964. 

9 Id. 

10 Dallas Morning News, Feb 6, 1955. 

11 Bridgeport Sunday Post. Oct. 9, 1949. 

12 N.Y. Times, Dec. 10. 1961. 

13 Ibid., Jan, 15, 1967. 

14 Speech at Cornell Univ. School of Hotel Administration, printed in 
Retailing, Aug. 21, 1944. 

15 Peekskill Evening Star, Sept. 13, 1971. 

16 N.Y. Times, June 17, 1970. 

17 The Saint Nicholas Society of the City of Nevi^ York. 1968. vol. VIII. p. 111. 

18 Norwalk Hour, Dec. 22, 1929. 

19 Id. 

20 Bridgeport Post, June 23. 1935. 

21 New Haven Register, Jan 7, 1945; Dec. 21, 1960. 

Chapter IX — City Siblings 

1 Eagle, March 11, 1900. 

2 Ltr. JD to JDJr, May 17, 1861. 

3 J. N. Reece, Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, 
Springfield, 1901. vol. VIII, p. 747-751. 

4 Ltr., John Schaefer to J. G. Willey and reply. March 7 and April 27. 1866. 

5 Cleveland Plain Dealer, Sept. 10. 1961. 

6 Panama City News Herald, Dec, 1967. 

7 Berea News Sun, April 29, 1971. 

8 Philadelphia Public Ledger, March 11. 1932. 

9 Samuel Eliot Morison, Aleutians, Gilberts and Marshalls: History of 
U.S. Naval Operations in World War II, Boston. Little. Brown & Co.. 
1951, vol. VII. p. 42. 

10 Time, May 12. 1967, p. 25. 

11 Ltr., Julius F. DeLong to TAD, Aug. 6, 1971. 

12 Ltr., Mary S. Farrell to Mary F. Paris, June 12, 1896. 

13 Ltr., Margaret R. Finn to TAD, April 29. 1971. 

14 Carl I. Wheat (ed.), "The Journal of Chas. E. DeLong, 1854-63." Quarterly 
of the California Historical Society, San Francisco, vol. VIII, no. 3 (Sept., 
1929), p. 193-98. For an appraisal of DeLong's diplomatic service, see 



182 



Richard O'Connor. Pacific Destiny. Boston. Little, Brown & Co., 1969. 
p 159-66 

15 Eagle. July 14. 1913, Emma deLong Mills. MS Book of Ancestors. 
Collaterals and Their Possessions. Dec. 2. 1933. 

16 Ltr , Caroline H Zande to TAD. May 18. 1971 A co-worker of Ethel 
at Pine Mt.. she later became the second wife of Luigi Zande. 

17 Ethel deLong Zande, et. al.. One Man's Cravin', Boston. 1945. p. 18. 

18 Id. 

19 Smith College Alumnae Quarterly, April. 1915. 

20 Id. 

21 Ibid.. May, 1928 

22 Ibid.. Nov, 1942. 

23 NY. T/mes. May 12. 1966, 

24 NY Herald- Tribune. Apnl 30. 1946. 

25 Emma W DeLong. The Voyage of the Jeannette. Boston, 1884. vol. I, p. 2. 

Chapter X — Arctic Fever 

1 NY Herald, Feb. 8, 1884. 

2 Ltr., GWD to EWD, Oct. 21, 1868. 

3 Ibid.. Oct. 22, 1868. 

4 Ibid.. Jan. 24, 1869 

5 Id. 

6 Ltr., GWD to EWD, June 6, 1869. 

7 Id. 

8 Ltr, GWD to EWD, Aug. 13, 1870. 

9 Ibid.. Oct. 21. 1870. 

10 Ibid., Nov. 26. 1870. 

11 MS Explorer's Wife, p. 53. 

12 Joseph N. Kane, Famous First Facts. New York. H. W. Wilson Co., 
1964, p. 404. 

13 Ltr., GWD to EWD. Dec. 25, 1876. 

14 /to/d., Jan. 24, 1877. 

15 Don C. Seitz, 7^76 James Gordon Bennetts, Indianapolis, Bobbs-Merrill, 
1928, p. 342. 

16 Yale Gracey, "Latitude 77° North," The Alaska Book, Chicago, J. G. 
Ferguson, 1959, p. 79. 

17 Ltr., GWD to Thomas A. Edison. Apnl 21. 1879. 

18 Francis Jehl, Menio Park Reminiscences. Dearborn, Mich., 1938, p. 292. 

19 Ibid., p. 296. 

20 Kane, p. 552. 

21 Ltr, GWD to EWD, July 13, 1879. 

22 /to/d., Aug. 9, 1879. 



183 



23 Id. 

24 MS Explorer's Wife, p. 236. 

25 Pittsburgh Dispatch, March 1 {?), 1884. 

26 Edward F. Dolan. Jr., White Battleground, New York, 1961. p. 121. 

27 Ltr., Rear Adm. Edward Ellsberg to TAD, Dec, 11, 1969. 

28 Lord Kenneth Clark, Civilization, New York, Harper & Row, 1969, p. 293. 

29 N.Y. Times, Feb. 1, 1892. 

30 American Naval Fighting Ships, Washington, U. S. Govt. Printing 
Office. 1963, p. 257. 

31 N.Y. Times, Dec. 2, 1921. 

32 I. A. Lagnes, Dictionary of Discoveries, New York, Philosophical Library, 
1959; Anthony Huxley (ed.). Oceans and Islands, New York, G. P. 
Putnam's Sons, 1962. 

33 Jeannette Mirsky, To the Arctic, New York. Alfred Knopf, 1948. p. 243-44. 

34 Ltr., EWD to GWD, Feb. 27, 1882. 

35 MS Explorer's Wife, p. 280; Ltr., EWD to Sec. of Navy John D. Long. 
May 21, 1899. 

36 Time, Dec. 16, 1929. 

37 N. Y. Times, June 16, 1938; Ltr.. EWD to Editor, N. Y. Times, Sept. 21. 
1937. pub. Sept. 26; Ltr., Prof. Belov M. I. to TAD, Dec. 15. 1971. 

38 Harold O'Neill, "Memories of Mrs. Emma W. DeLong," New Brunswick 
Sunday Times, Dec. 8, 1940. 

39 George B. Kinkead, "Gilbert Livingston and Some of His Descendants," 
Record, N.Y. Genealogical & Biographical Society, vol. LXXXVI (Jan., 
1955). p. 37-38. 

40 Emma W. DeLong, Explorer's Wife, New York, 1938. p. 246. 

41 W. S. Mills, The Practice of Medicine, Philadelphia. Boericke & Tafel, 
1915, p. vi. 

42 Wellesley College News, June 18, 1938. 

Chapter XI — Gems and Notions 

1 Williamsport Grit, Aug. 4, 1963. 

2 Danville Morning News, Feb. 16. 1939. 

3 N.Y. Times, Sept. 3. 1965. 

4 Ltr., Wm. Haggin Perry to TAD, June 17, 1970. 

5 N.Y. Evening Post, April 7. 1924. 



184 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 



The major sources of information throughout the book have been news- 
papers, principally the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn Daily Times. New York 
Times, and New York Herald-Tribune. In total, more than 400 clippings from 
approximately 85 newspapers and magazines, covering 150 years, provided 
material. 

New York City directories and registers for the years 1790 to 1900 were an 
invaluable reference for individual addresses and occupations. Similar books 
for Williamsburgh and Brooklyn give pertinent statistics, as do a number of 
business directories and almanacs, including Trow'sN.Y. Corporation and Co- 
partnership Directories (1870-1931), Eagle Almanac{^906), A. I. A. Guide to 
New York City (1968), and Manhattan, Brooklyn and Queens telephone list- 
ings (1939-70). 

On the social scene, the Blue Book of Brooklyn (1895-1930), the New York 
Social Register, and the Long Island Social Register of the 1930s frequently 
provided data that the early Manhattan directories once recorded. 

Approximately 250 separate official and church records were consulted, 
from U.S. Government patent specifications and American Revolution and 
War of 1812 pension applications, to the South Third Street Presbyterian 
Church Register and New York County Probate and Health Department tran- 
scripts. 

The chapters on Joseph DeLong and his children owe much to the many 
family letters and miscellaneous papers written in the years, 1861 to 1937, 
and in the possession of the author and Dr. Arthur DeLong Philson. 

Biographical sources for George Washington DeLong deserve special 
mention. A phmary reference are the letters of DeLong and his wife, and the 
original manuscripts of Emma Wotton DeLong's autobiography. Much of this 
correspondence is in the National Archives, Washington, DC, and has been 
published in part in Mrs. DeLong's reminiscences and in The Voyage of the 
Jeannette, which she edited. These and other accounts, anthologies, articles, 
and theses on DeLong and the Jeannette Expedition include: 

Ambler, James (ed. J.D. Gatewood), "The Private Journal of James Markham 
Ambler, M.D., Past Assistant Surgeon, U.S. Navy and Medical Officer 
of the Arctic Exploring Steamer, 'Jeannette'," U.S. Naval Medical Bulletin, 

vol. 11, no. 1 (January, 1917). 

Caswell, John E., Arctic Frontiers, Norman, Univ. of Oklahoma, 1956. 



185 



Danenhower, John W., The Narrative of the Jeannette, Boston, J.R. 
Osgood, 1882. 

DeLong, Emma W., Explorer's Wife, New York, Dodd Mead, 1938. 

, The Voyage of the Jeannette, 2 vols., Boston, Houghton, 

Mifflin, 1884. 

DeLong, Thomas A., "The Jeannette's Quest in the Arctic," Master's 
thesis, New York, Butler Library, Columbia Univ., 1959. 

Dolan, Edward F., Jr., White Battleground, New York, Dodd Mead, 1961. 
Ellsberg, Edward, Hell on Ice, New York, Dodd Mead, 1938. 

Gulliver, Louis J. and Emma W. DeLong, "Heroic DeLong and his Arctic 
Followers," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, vol. 55, no. 12 (December, 
1929). 

Hoehling, A. A., The Jeannette Expedition, New York, Abelard-Schuman, 
1969. 

Jehl, Francis, Menio Park Reminiscences, Dearborn, Mich., Edison Insti- 
tute, 1938. 

Melville. George W., In the Lena Delta, Boston, Houghton, Mifflin, 1884. 

Newcomb, Raymond Lee, Our Lost Explorers, Hartford, American Pub- 
lishing Co., 1882. 

O'Connor, Richard, The Scandalous Mr. Bennett, Garden City, N.Y., Double- 
Co., 1962. 

O'Neill, Harold E., "Memories of Mrs. Emma W. DeLong," New Brunswick 
(N.J.) Sunday Times, December 8, 1940. 

Below is a list of books, articles, and pamphlets that I found useful in the 
preparation of this biographical compendium: 

A Concise History of Columbia and Montour Counties and a Genealogical 
and Biographical Record of Representative Families, vol. 1, Chicago, J.H. 
Beers & Co., 1915. 

All Souls at the Cross Roads, 1845-1945, privately printed by All Souls 
Universalist Church, Brooklyn, 1945. 

Ante!. Francis P., Ransom and Gems: The DeLong Ruby Story, Palm Beach, 
Fla., Literary Investment Guild, Ltd., 1969. 

Armbruster, Eugene L., Brooklyn's Eastern District, privately printed, 
Brooklyn, 1942. 

Atkin, William, Of Yachts and Men, New York, Sheridan House, 1949. 

Berger Bros. Co., The War Production Record of the Berger Brothers Com- 
pany, 1940-45, New Haven, Conn., privately printed, 1945. 

Boroff, David, "Beach, Bohemia, Barracks - Brooklyn," NY. Times Mag- 
azine, September 29, 1963. 

Burke, Frank G., Ill, "Trans-Caribbean Delivery," Yachting, November, 
1969. 

186 



Croll. PC. "The DeLong Family in America. " The Pennsylvania-German, 

vol. 4. no. 4 (October, 1903). 
DeLong, Irwin Hoch, "Early Occurrences of the Family Name DeLong in 

Europe and in America." The Reformed Church Review, vol. 3. no. 3 

(-Jly. 1924). 

, My Ancestors, Lancaster, Pa.. Art Printing Co . 1930. 

, Pioneer Palatine Pilgrims, Lancaster. Pa.. Art Printing Co.. 



1928. 
, The Lineage of Malcolm Metzger Parker from Johannes 



DeLang, Lancaster, Pa.. Art Printing Co., 1926. 

DeLong, Richard Joseph, MS The DeLong Family in America. 1928. 

Guldin. Homer F., The Tenth Anniversary of the Ordination of Rev. H. 
Elwood Williams in the United Church of Christ. Maxatawny, Pa., private- 
ly printed, 1966. 

Hanover Club of Brooklyn, Brooklyn Eagle Book Printing Dept., 1900. 

Hazelton, Henry, The Boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, New York, Lewis 
Historical Publishing Co.. 1924. 

Heusser, Audrey E., The Pindustry: A History of The Star Pin Co.. 
Shelton, Conn., Bacon Pnnting Co., 1966. 

Jewell, John V., Historic Williamsburgh, privately printed for the Williams- 
burgh Savings Bank, Brooklyn, 1926. 

McKay, Richard C, South Street, New York, G.P. Putnam's Sons. 1934. 

Martin, Pete, "I Call on Helen Sigel Wilson," Philadelphia Sunday Bulletin 
Magazine, July 5, 1964. 

Prall, William, The Huguenot Settlements in America," privately printed 
by The Huguenot Society of America, 1928. 

Reaman, G. Elmore, The Trail of the Huguenots, Baltimore. Genealogical 
Publishing Co., 1966. 

Stapleton, A., Memorials of the Huguenots in America. Carlisle, Pa.. 
Huguenot Publishing Co., 1901. 

Stiles, Henry R., A History of Brooklyn, Brooklyn, published by subscrip- 
tion, 3vols., 1867. 1870. 

Phisterer, Frederick, /Vew York in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-65. Albany. 
Lyon Co.. 1912. 

Wells, John D., A Brief History of the So. Third Street Presbyterian Church, 
Williamsburg, L.I., New York. Sutton, Bowne & Co., 1870. 

White, Nerval and Willensky, Elliot, (ed), AIA Guide to New York City, 
New York. MacMillan Co.. 1968. 

Zande. Ethel deLong. et.al.. One Man's Cravin', Boston, Thomas Todd Co., 
1945. 



187 



INDEX 



Adams, Pres John, 19 

Dr John Coleman. 80-81 

Thomas, 61 
Alexander II, Czar of Russia. 153 
Alexis. Grand Duke of Russia, 153 
Ambler. Dr J A 157 
Amundsen, Roald, 162 
Anderton, Elizabeth, 60 

Thomas, 60 

William, 60 
Anne. Queen of England, 27 
Anstaett. Dr Herbert G , 12 
Antel. Francis P , 175 
Antrim. John, 136 

Margaret Del., 136 
Armbruster, Eugene, 51 
Arnold, Alan, 110 
Arthur, Chester Alan, 74 fn. 
Atkin, Dorcas Wilson, 21, 94-95 

Ethan E , 96 

Evelyn D., 96 Gertrude D., 94 

John Davenport, 96-97 

John W., 96 

f^arilyn Z., 96 

Patricia T.. 97 

Paul D., 96 

William, 94 

William P.. 94-96 

William Wilson. 13. 21. 83. 95-96 

Bailey, Belle Hatch, 65 

James H., 65 

James S.. 65 
Bainbridge, Capt. William, 19 
Baker, Ann S , 124 

Bruce O., 124 

Ernest B., 124 

Jennifer M., 124 

Lillian M., 124 
Baldwin, John D.. 13, 28 fn. 
Banks, Gen., 123 
Banszky, Baron Laszlo. 144 
Barker, Charles L., 80 

Ida M.. 80 



Bartlett. Rev A Eugene. 82 
Baruch. Sailing W . 105 
Beam. Boyd. 98 
Beigel. Barney, 141 

Elena Zande. 141 
Bell, Alexander Graham, 158 

Mrs. Isaac, 157 
Belov, Prof. M. I., 12 
Bennett. James Gordon, 155-57, 160 
Bergen family. 61. 100 
Berger. D. Spencer, 113 

Spencer M., 113 
Bernadotte, Countess Estelle Manville. 

68 

Count Foike, 68 
Bertelsen, Bertel, 145 

Mathilda A., 145 
Blye, Bruce K., 115 

Esther P., 114 

Kimberly A., 115 

Lydie Diehl, 114-115 

Paul W., 114 

Richard P., 114 
Bonagura, Anthony, 103 

Mary C. 103 
Bonner, Charlotte Macy, 109 

Eleanor W., 109 

Frank C, 109 

Paul L., 109 
Booth, Rev., 60 
Boro, Barbara J., 119 

Diana, 119 

Frank. 119 

Thomas R.. 119 
Bowers, James, 31 fn. 
Bowler. Mae. 12 
Bradford. William, 159 fn 
Brady, Dorothy Rowley, 116 

Esther S., 116 

Henry L., 116 

Judy L, 116 

Ralph B., 116 

Richard R., 116 
Bray, Matilda B.. 138 



189 



Bray, Oakley, 138 
Brayman, Gen. Mason, 123 
Briggs. Alfred E., 110 

Ann Hatch, 12. 110 

Barbara E., 110 

Benjamin H., 110 

Donnamarie G., 110 

Doris K.. 110 

Dorothy E., 110 

Eldon D., 110 

Heidi, 110 

Linda K., 110 

Norman A., 110 

Steven Alan, 110 

Steven Arthur, 110 
Broderick. James, 35 
Brown, Adaiine DeL., 136 

Clark. 136 

Duff, 136 

Ed, 136 

Frances, 136 

Frederick W.. 126 

Irene W.. 126 

Joann Schaefer, 126 

John. 43 

Dr. Margaret L., 13 

Pamela C, 126 

Richard C, 126 

Ronald W., 126 

Ruth, 136 

Sake DeL., 135 

Teresa L.. 126 

Wendy C, 126 
Bryant, William Cullen, 52 
Burke, Ann G.H., 86 

Barbara, 87 

Dorothy Burns, 86 

Dorothy R., 87 

Frank Gaius. 84 

Frank Gaius, Jr., 84 

Frank Gaius, III, 15, 21, 
84-86 

Johanna A.. 84 

Robert A., 86-87 

Robert A., Jr., 87 

Suzanne W., 84 
Burns, Dorothy M., 86 

John, 75 

Robert, 86 
Bushy, Mr. and Mrs., 134 



Calvin, John, 23 
Campbell, Fred W., 122 

John A., 128 

Maureen H., 128 
Carpenter, Charles H., 74 

James B., 60 

Matilda, 60 
Carroll, Robert W., 12 
Cass, J. Albert, 77 

Harriet DeL., 62, 77 
Caulfield, Margaret Schaefer, 126 

Ruth Ann, 126 

Vincent, 126 
Chamberlain, Joseph. 175 
Chanler, William E., 161 
Chatfield. Mrs. Chester H , 13 
Chiang Kai-shek. Madame. 165 
Chidester, Roberta C, 129 

Roy, 129 
Chipp, Charles, 157, 160, 164 fn. 
Christie, Alice Miller. 74, 98 

Brian R.. 99 

Ian AH., 99 

Jean Dahl, 99 

Lynn DeL., 98 

Robert, 98 

Robert R., 99 

Sharon J., 99 

Dr. Victor V., 98 
Chudd, Ann 0., 115 

John, 115 
Clark, Frith Douglas, 100 

Louise F. H., 100 

Roger, 174 
Clow, H. Ethel DeL. Rowley, 68, 81, 

115 

William L., 81 
Coleman, Robert L., 176-77 
Collins, Jerome, 157 

Mary DeL., 136 
Comfort, Samuel J., 20-21 
Condon, James V., 108 

Jeremiah R., 108 

Katherine Q., 108 

Kathryn Q., 108 

Kevin C, 108 

Nancy Quinn, 108 
Conklin, Harold DeL.. 12, 142 

James H., Sr., 142 

James H., Jr., 142 



190 



Conklin. Jane Gay, 142 

Maude DeL . 142 

Ruth E , 142 

Susan D , 142 

Warren R , 142 
Connor. Col Selden. 54 
Cook, George, 79 
Corbett. Sarah D , 122 

Thomas, 122 

Thomas, Jr , 122 
Cox, Alton J , 126 

Olive R . 126 
Crane. Stanley. 12 
Craske. Leonard. 164 
Crawford. Brian J , 99 

Jeffrey. 99 

Kathleen W , 98 

Kimberly T , 99 

f^elissa G , 99 

Paula D , 99 

Robert L , 98 

Robert L . Jr . 98 

Scott R.. 99 
Creech, Sally, 139 

William, 139 
Creed, John, 97 

Marion S., 97 
Crossan, Charles F., 116 

Hazel S , 116 

John R . 116 

John R.. Jr , 116 

Patricia B., 116 
Cullom, Janet DeL., 71, 84 

Neil P., 84 
Cutano, Caroline G., 124 

Matthew, 124 

Dahl, Mary N.. 99 
Roy E., 99 

Dalton. John, 137 

Mary Greames, 137 
Daniels, Clare G., 128 

Cecil, 128 

Elizabeth H , 128 

Helen R., 128 
Danenhower, John, 157 

Sloan, 157 fn. 
Darlington, Rev. Henry, 73 
Davis, Edward R., 118 

Helen J., 118 



Dean. Albert, 136 

Dorothy C , 13 

Lucinda DeL , 136 

Tenneson, 136 
Decatur, Stephen, 19 
DeLong. Abraham (b. ca. 1703). 25 

Abraham (1747-78). 28 

Abraham (1805-93), 11. 32-33, 44, 
121-122. 135-36 

Adrian (1844-1920), 135 

Adrian (b 1870). 135 

Agnes Johnson, 77, 104 

Albert, 135 

Alfred. 102 

Alfred J , 103 

Amy Frances. 101 

Ann Conley, 135 

Anna Elizabeth (1880-1942). 60. 75 

Anna Hoehnlein. 102 

Anna Margaretha, 28 

Anna Mane, 29 

Annie Anderton, 43. 60-61, 63, 74 

Annie E. (Aimee), 143 

Annie E. (1907-11), 101 

Antoinette B., 103 

Arabella Bray, 138 

Arie Fransen, 25. 136. 171, 175 

Barbara, 28 

Caroline H. Taylor, 135-36 

Catherina (b. 1727), 28 

Catherine (w. of Abraham), 25 

Catherine (w. of Henry). 28 

Catherine (1798-1878), 31, 121 

Catherine Greames, 137, 146, 151 

Catherine Hupner, 32 

Charles (b. 1828), 136 

Charles (1888-1958), 75, 76, 103 

Hon. Charles E (1832-1876). 136-37 

Charles Edward. 135 

Charles Frederick, 143 

Charles Frederick, Jr.. 143-44 

Charles William, 136 

Charlotte L., 75, 102 

Daniel (b. 1827), 171-72 

Daniel. 29 

David (1843-1906), 138. 141-42 

Delavan, 171 

Dora L., 135 

Dorothy Hobbs, 143-44 

Earl Ruhf. 132 



191 



DeLong, Col. Earl Ruhf. II. 132 

Edith Haggin, 10. 171. 173-177 

Edna Lydia (Schupeltz), 132 

Edward (1833-1907), 121, 137 

Edward Sheridan. 55. 73, 87 

Edward Sheridan, Jr.. 87-88 

Edward Sheridan, III, 88 

Egbert. 136 

Eleanor J.. 102 

Elida L. 136 

Eliza, 135 

Eliza Hunt, 138 

Eliza Kislier, 136, 138 

Elizabeth (b. 1868). 60. 74 

Elizabeth Ann (b. 1971). 101 

Elizabeth Werli. 22. 31 

Ellen Weber, 101 

Elsie, 135 

Elsie England, 12 

Emma Burns. 75, 102 

Emma Rowland. 62. 76 

Emma Russell, 135 

Emma Shaw, 76, 103 

Emma Southard, 76 

Emma Wotton, 11, 14. 79. 149-166, 
177 

Eva Elizabeth. 27-28 

Eva Gantert (Gallager). 87 

Esther S.. 29 

Evelyn McK., 132 

Florence Mary (Erdman), 132 

Florence May, 143 

Florence Siegman, 74-75, 99 

Frances Brown, 135 

Frances L., 176 

Francis. 29 

Frank. 171 

Frank Coye. 176 

Frank Emerson. 171-73 

Frederich, 28, 172 

George (1822-1900). 32, 131 

George (b. 1837), 135 

George (b. 1841-1914), 138 

George Bowen, 176-77 

George C, 171 

George Nathaniel, 102 

George Walter (1875-76). 143 

Cmdr. George Washington, 10-11. 
14, 45, 66-67. 72, 79. 83, 85, 
99-100, 121, 132, 137, 146-70 



DeLong. George Washington, 11,60,75. 100 
Gladys Tiemeyer. 101 
Grace Whitman. 73, 87 
Harriet W., 143 
Helen, 143 
Helen Bray, 141 
Helen Sprenger, 143 
Henrietta Dingee, 71-73, 84 
Henry (b. 1732-33). 28 
Henry (b. 1793-94), 171 
Henry (b. 1831), 137 
Henry (1841-1900), 135 
Hettie Buchman, 32, 131 
Howard Anderton, 12, 99-100 
Howard Anderton, II, 101 
Howard Anderton, III, 101 
Howard Weston. 135 
Ida Ruhf. 131 
Irwin Hoch, 25-26 
Isaac (b. 1839). 135 
Isaac (b. 1881), 135 
Jacob. 27-28 
James. 30 
James. II, 29 
James C.. 171 
James Howard, 101 
Jane Emerson, 171-72 
Jane Smirthwaite, 135 
Janet Florence, 77 
Janet Gillies, 43, 55, 72 
Johannes, 25, 28-31 
Johannes. Jr.. 29 
Johann Peter, 29 
John (1880), 171 
John (1845-1930), 39, 43-44. 52. 61- 

62,76 
John. Jr., 62, 77, 104 
John Burleigh, 104 
John Edward, 104 
John Nicholas. 29 
John Thomas, 103 
John Wallace. 101 
Jonathan, 11. 32, 34, 121, 136, 

138, 177 
Joseph (1764-1847), 22, 29 
Joseph (1799-1803). 31 
Joseph (Father: 1813-1915), 11. 

14-15. 17, 19-21. 24. 28. 30-52, 

55-60, 62-64, 71-72, 83, 90, 95. 

121. 133, 154, 177-78 



192 



DeLong. Joseph. Jr.. 14. 20. 39, 43. 45, 48. 

51-52, 56-64, 74-75 
Joseph Dewey, 102 
Joseph Jackson, 43, 55, 71-73, 84 
Joseph Nathan, 136 
Julius (1855-1929), 39, 43, 45, 

51-52, 66-69. 71, 74. 80, 82, 89, 

161 
Julius, 11.60. 75. 102 
Julius Francis. 13. 132-33 
Julius Lassen, 38-39, 64 
Katharine Clark. 13. 100 
Lemuel, 171 
Leonard M , 135 

Levi, 11, 32. 34. 121, 137, 146, 177 
Lizzie W., 55, 73 
Dr. Louis. 171 
Mabel, 171 

Magdaiena B , 171-72 
Margaretha M., 28 
Margaret Becker, 142 
Margaret Nelson, 73 
Maria L., 171 
Maria Bollebach, 28 
Maha Dussinger. 28-29. 31 
Marie B. (Codd). 104 
Mane K.V.. 87-88 
Mark A., 101 
Martha Alice, 101 
Martha Malone, 135 
Mary, 28 

Mary D. Greames. 137-138, 147 
Mary Lopes, 11, 21, 34-35, 39, 41, 

45-47, 56, 64 
Mary McC, 12. 102 
Michael, 28 
Mildred J., 102 

Moses. 22, 29, 31-32, 121, 131, 171 
Myrtle Arch. 136 
Nanci A., 101 
Nathan, 32 
Neeltje, 28 
Olon, 135 
Oscar A, 172 fn. 
Patsey Jones, 101 
Pierre, 25 

Pieter, 24-29. 172, 176 
Ralph Arch, 136 
Raymond Peter, 13, 29-30 
Richard Joseph, 131-133 



DeLong, Rosamond Nolin. 12, 104 

Russell. 135 

Sallie. 30 

Sara Hillary. 66, 68, 80 

Sara Sprague, 99-100 

Sarah Remsen. 101 

Sherwood, 171 

Sophia B , 144 

Susan Ellen, 104 

Susanna Butz, 29 

Susanna Schmettenn, 28 

Susanna Weber, 29 

Theodore, 171 

Theodore Joseph, 62. 76 

Thomas, 171 

Thomas Anderton. 60. 63-64, 75-75, 
99 

Thomas Anderton. II. 14. 36 fn. 
100 

Virginia. 144 

Wallace Hewitt. 12. 101 

Walter M,, 143 

Wayne R.. 13 

Weldon F . 163 fn. 

William A., Jr., 172 fn. 

William Albert, 136 

Dr. William Augustus, 14. 37, 39. 
43-44, 48-56, 72, 102 

William David, 62. 76-77 
de Vassignac, Anne DeLong. 25 fn. 
Dewey. Adm George. 102 
Diehl, Adele Moller. 12. 114 

Carl DeL . 115 

Carl H., 114 

Frederick, 114 

Frederick C , 114 

Gary A, 114 

Glen M., 114 

Hermanah S . 114 

Janice N., 1 14 
Diettrich, Agnes B , 115 

Barbara Grubs, 115 

Brenda J , 115 

Henry J , 115 

Henry J.. Jr., 115 
Diettrich, Nina M., 115 

Sheri L., 115 

Stephen W., 115 
Dingee, Henrietta, 72 

Henry A.. 72 



193 



Dorman, George, 89 

Ida B., 89 
Drake, Sir Francis, 84 
Dyer, Kristin S., 94 

Michael D., 94 

Early, Jubal, 53 
Earhart, Annelia, 111 
Easterling, Harriet McL, 90 

Henry W.. 90 
Edison, Thonnas A., 158 
Edson, Franklin, 161 
Edwards, Gus, 20 

Margaret S , 110 

William, 110 
Ehringer, Carrie B., 136 

Ida Del., 135 
Eielson, Carl Ben, 164 
Elaban, Dennis P , 129 

Dennis P. K., 129 

Marie C, 129 

Peter, 129 

Sarah W,, 128-29 
Ellsberg. Edward, 12, 162 
Ennis, Grace N., 106 

Joseph B., 106 
Esposito. Vincent John, 98 

Katherine, 98 

Lisa, 98 

Marcia Werhan, 97-98 

Raymond, 98 

Rose, 98 

Fairbanks, Douglas, 133 
Falls, Barbara A., 103 

Martha S., 103 

William, 103 

William T., 103 
Farragut, Adm. David. 148 
Farrell, Catharine A., 131 

Mary Schaefer, 131 

William. 131 

William H., 131 
Fiala, Anthony, 164 
Fickin, Nathan C, 88 
Fillippone, Anne R., 106 

Dominic, 106 

Doreen L., 106 

Michael D., 106 
Finn. Margaret R., 12 



Fisk, Jim, 42 
Fletcher, A. I.. 109 

Adele M., 109 

Cecilia G., 109 

Gayle L., 109 

Thomas W., 109 
Foster, Frederick L., 114 
Fouike, Arthur T.. 13 
Fowler, J.E., 112 
Franklin, Sir John. 156, 164 
Friis, Herman R., 12 
Froneberger, Alma. 141 

Lawrence, 141 
Fuller, Edward H., 53 

Gabler, Ada T., 77 

George H., 78 
Gantert, Eva C, 87 

Gustave H., 87 
Gaulle, Gen. Charles de. 87 
Geiser, Judith DeL., 32 
Gilbert, Rev. Raphael, 34 
Gillette, Gerald W., 12 
Gillies, Eliza W., 55 

Theodore, 55 
Glasgow, Gen. Samuel L., 153 

Sylvie Wotton, 153, 166 
Goodnow, Barbara, 115 

Dr. Chester L., 115 

John S., 115 

John S., Jr., 115 

Nancy Diehl, 115 

Shannuth L., 115 
Gossage, Maude DeL., 12. 136 
Graffagnino, Charles F., 107 

Denise, 107 

James, 106 

James, Jr., 106 

John W., 107 

Joseph A., 107 

Karen A., 107 

Marie 0., 106 

Mane P., 107 

Patricia MacK., 106 

Steven J., 106 
Grant, Pres. U.S., 62, 136 
Greames, Annie, 137 

Edward, 137 

Mary, 137, 146 

Patrick. 146 



194 



Greeley, Horace, 62 
Greenleaf, Rev Jonathan, 122 
Grimshei, Anna F , 88 

Bjarne, 88 

Christian P , 88 

Ingrid Del , 88 

Treje B , 88 
Grinnell, Henry. 34. 44, 154-55 

Moses, 34 
Grubs. Edward D H . 115 

Frank V., 115 

James B , 1 16 

Jennifer, 116 

Jonathan P., 116 

Joyce C , 115 

Judith L., 116 

Mane A.. 1 15 

Molly A.. 115 

Paul E., 115 

Ruth Rowley, 115 
Gunn, Basil, 105 
Gunnison, Rev, Almon, 66 
Guth, Anna DeL., 29 

Felix. 29 

Haggin, Eliza Jane S., 176 

James Ben Ali, 176 

Margaret V , 176 
Hall, Charles Francis, 154 

Hugh, 117 

Kathleen MacF., 117 

Virginia G.. 117 

Warren G., 117 
Hamilton, Daniel G., 131 

Lydia Schaefer, 131 

Margaret M.. 131 

Thomas F.. 131 
Haney, James F , 111 
Hanf, Beulah G , 105 

Florence MacK., 63, 71, 77-78, 104 

George, 78 

Howard MacK., 12, 36 fn., 105 

Jefferson G , 78, 104 

Jefferson W.. 104-105 

Julia. 78 
Harding. Pres. Warren G.. 76 
Harman, Catherine M.. 73 

F. Ward. 90 

George, 73 

George H., 73. 89 



Harman, Henrietta, 89 

Lois Dorman, 89 

Mary McC , 90 

Mary DeL.. 55. 73-74. 89 

William W , 12, 89 
Harrison, Barbara L J , 127 

Elizabeth E , 128 

Elizabeth Schaefer. 127 

Henry L , 127 

Kathleen A . 127 

Laura E , 128 

Laura Grace. 127 

Meta C , 128 

Royal Grace, 127 

Royal Grace. Jr., 127 

Royal Grace, III, 128 

Stevan M , 127 
Hatch, Agnes L , 79 

Claudia I., 79 

Davis. 65 

Frank D.. 64, 80, 110 

Helen B.. 80. 110 

Joseph. 46-47. 64-66, 79 

Julia S.. 65 

Kate DeL., 39, 43, 46-48, 52, 64-66. 
79 

Southmayd, 64, 79 

Stephen S., 79 

Willie DeL., 79 
Hawkes. Barbara DeL , 12, 88 

Mary P.. 88 

William, 88 

William, Jr., 88 
Heckscher, August. 94 
Herbert. Victor. 19 
Henry II. King of France, 23 
Henry IV. King of France, 23-24 
Herman. Charles G., 22 
Hicks, Betty. 91 
Hillary, Eliza LeCount, 66 

Joshua, 66 
Hobbs, Clarence W , 143 

Florence, P., 143 
Hoeffling. August. 102 

Christina M., 102 

Harry C, 102 

Janet DeL.. 75, 102 
Hoehnlein. Conrad, 102 

Marie. 102 
Hoffman. Theodore, 164 fn. 



195 



Hoffmann, Charles D., 145 

Marjorie DeL., 144 

Michele M., 145 

Paul, 144-45 

Paul, Jr., 145 
Hogan, Frank, 175 
Hohri. Sohei. 12 
Houghton, Rev. George C, 143 
Howe. Gen. Williann, 35 
Howell, Leone D., 73 
Hunt, David. 138 

Hannah T.. 138 
Hutterii, Mary Ellen, 13 
Hyatt, Mary S., 123 

Jackson, Pres. Andrew, 37, 46 
Jefferson, Pres. Thomas, 19 
Jehl. Francis, 158 
Jenkins, Billy, 51 
Jenkinson, Eliza Lopes, 37-38 

James, 38 
Jesse, J Willard, 12 
Johnson, Pres. Andrew, 62 
Johnson, Bertha, 100 

Daniel DeL., 100 

David H., 100 

Elizabeth R., 93 

Ernest S., 93 

Gary, 125 

Helen E., 118 

Ivan T.. 118 

Janet Kellogg, 118 

Karen S., 125 

Peter, 164 fn. 

Raymond, 100 

Robert T., 100 

Dr. Russell C, 118 

Russell W., 100 

Sara C, 119 
Joline, George E , 125 

Harold, 125 

Irene S., 125 

Marie F.. 125 

Sherry Ann, 125 
Jones, Carol S., 126 

Charles R.. 127 

Elizabeth A., 127 

Eva N., 101 

Mary R., 127 

Relland A., 101 



Jones, Robin L., 127 

Thomas F, 126-127 

Thomas F., II, 127 

Thomas R., 126-127 
Jorgensen, Edmund, 104 

Edmund, Jr., 104 

Fred, 104 

Hans, 104 

Rena, 104 

Virginia S., 103-104 
Jurgens, Harold, 103 

Joanne, 103 

Suzanne, 103 

Tina, 103 

Kellogg, Carl! I., 81-82. 117 

Charles I., 82 

David DeL., 118 

DeLong 0., 118 

Doris A., 118 

Elizabeth D., 118 

Elizabeth W., 118 

Jeffrey D., 118 

Kathleen W., 118 

Lucretia 0., 82 

Sara DeL., 12, 68, 82, 117 

Thomas O., 118 
Kerr, John, 78 
Keusseff, Ruth, 12 
Kleinpeter, Alice DeL., 12, 60, 76 

Eleanor, 76 

Henry J., 76 

Henry J., Jr., 76 
Knapp, Joseph, 81 
Kocherthal, Rev. Joshua, 27 
Kuhn, Allan, 174 

Lafayette, Marquis de, 35-37 
Laine, Norman, 12 
Lamont, George D., 176 
Larson, Donna G., 92 

Ferdinand C, 92 

Grace B., 92 

Mary B., 92 

Mary L. Wilson, 92 

William Brooks, 92 
Lassen, Allen, 38 

Ann Lopes, 37-38 

Emaline A., 38 

Ethel, 38 



196 



Lassen. Francis J . 38 

Harriet A , 38 

Ida. 38 

Joseph DeL , 38 

Julius. 38 

Lewis. 38 

Percy. 38 
Lawrence, Harriet, 60 
Lawson. Robert, 1 14 
Leach. Agnes S . 1 16 

Herbert, 164 

Jan E . 116 

Jill S , 116 

Joni A . 116 
Leach, Joseph 5.116 

Joy D, 116 

Ray. 116 

Ray S. 116 

Ruth Brady. 116 
Leander. Andrew G , 125 

Ellen J . 125 
Lee. Robert E , 53 
Le Forestier, Henri. 149-150 
Leidolph. Charlotte S., 75 

Gustave, 75 
Leindeker. Catherine DeL , 29 
Levine, Charles, 125 

Daniel S , 125 

David E , 125 

Helen F , 125 

Marshall S., 125 

Mildred Schaefer, 12. 125 
Lewry, Samuel. 38 
Lincoln. Abraham, 46, 56, 148 

Robert, 161 
Lindbergh, Charles A., 165, 172 
Lindeman, Donald, 116 

Shirley P. 116 
Livingston, Walter F., 79 
Livingstone, Dr. David, 157 
Longridge, Caroline B , 141 

Jeffrey, 141 

Sheryll, 141 
Lopes, Anna McK , 39 

David, 34, 36-37, 39, 43-44, 47, 55 
Lopes, David, Jr , 38 fn. 

Emily, 38 fn. 

Frances Slocum, 34, 36-39, 55 

Isaac (Lopez), 35-36 

Mary, 36 



Lopes. Mary E . 39 

William H , 37-39 
Lord. Walter. 19 

Louis XIV. King of France. 23-24 
Lounsbery. Richard. 177 
Richard P . 176 

Mrs Richard (Vera). 12 
Low, Seth, 161 
Lowe. Ann H . 89 

James H C , 89 

Jean Harman. 89 
Luba. Jane M . 106 

Jane MacK . 106 

John. 106 

Juha O. 106 

Kenneth. 106 

Peter K . 106 

Peter T . 106 

William R . 106 
Luther, Martin. 23 
Lyon. Elizabeth B . 127 

Walter I , 127 

MacArthur, John D., 175 
McCall, Edward E.. 19 
McConnell, Burt, 164 
McCormick, Francis, 102 

Sarah OH , 102 
McDowell, Donald S.. 12. 83. 110 

Donna S.. 110 

Ida P., 80 

John H.. 80 

Kirk D., Ill 

Leo N., 80. 110 

Michael A.. 110 

Susan, 110 
MacFarlane, Joseph, 117 

Marjorie Kellogg. 1 17 

Robert C. 117 

Rose C. 117 
McKay, Lizzie B , 123 

George B , 123 
McKean, Col. James B . 53 
MacKinnon, Anna Twing. 77-78, 104 

Clyde T., 104 

John Boyd. 63, 77 

John Boyd, Jr., 63. 77-78, 105 

John J., 105 

John J., Jr., 105 

Margaret M.. 105 



197 



MacKinnon, Margaret O'M., 78, 105 

Vivian S., 105 

William L, 63, 77-78, 104 
McMorris. Ira F., 125 

Trudy L., 125 
Macy, Arthur R., 79-80, 109 

Arthur R., Jr., 109 

Catharine W., 109 

Clara Hatch, 65, 79-80, 109 

Constance S., 109 

David W.. 110 

Diana J., 109 

Earl, 109 

Eliza P., 79 

Homer C, 79 

Linda G., 109 

Lori E., 110 

William DeL., 12, 83, 109 
Madison, Pres. James, 19 
Malone, Dr. Edward, 53 
Manville, Charles B., 67-68 

Hiram E., 67-68 

Thomas F., 67 
Marmoy, Charles, 12 
Martin, George, 124 
Maudlin, Alison E., 116 

Charles R., 116 

Charles R., Jr., 116 

Edna V., 116 

Lara S., 116 

Roy L., 116 

Susan Brady. 116 
Meehan, Sakie DeL., 135 
Meek, Clarence E., 12 
Melville, Adm. George W., 157, 160-61. 

163 
Mendes, Carmel G., 107 

Henry E., 107 
Mercey, Louise, 66 
Merritt, Joseph, 52 
Michaelius, Rev. Jonas, 24 
Miller. George E.. 74. 98 

Matilda DeL.. 60. 74, 98 
Mills. Cmdr. DeLong. 132, 164, 167- 
169 

Emma deLong, 12, 163, 165, 167- 
170 

Martha S.. 169 

Mary R., 166 

Mary S., 169 



Mills, Robert J., 166 

Sylvie DeL., 137, 153, 155. 159. 
163, 166 

Dr. Walter S.. 166-67 
Mineo, Audrey J., 118 

Muriel W., 118 

Russell, A., 118 

Salvatore, 118 

Thomas A., 119 
Minturn, Anna Wendell. 44 

Robert B., 34, 44 
Miralia, David, 145 
Mitchell, Rev. Edv^/ard. 136 

John Purroy, 19 
Moffett, Louella DeL., 135 
Mollenhauser, Fred, 52 
Moller, Bonnie L., 114 

Conrad G., 80 

Conrad G.. Jr., 80-81, 111 

Conrad G., Ill, 111-.112 
Moller, Daryl A.. 114 

David C, 114 

Fredenck DeL., 12, 111-114 

Frederick DeL., Jr., 114 

Hilda F., 112 

Lydie Adele DeL.. 68, 80-81. Ill 

Mary Ann H., 80 

Myrtle F., 114 

Phyllis L., 114 

Rhonda L., 114 

Troy D., 114 
Moore, Genevieve A., 124 

Jesse D., 76 

Martha A., 76 

Silas D., 76 

William G., 124 
Morgan, J. P., 174 
Morrissey, John, 62 
Muller, August, 145 

Candace, 145 

Charles F., 145 

David DeL., 145 

Ethel B., 145 

Florence DeL., 145 

Henry J., 145 

Henry J., Jr., 145 

John D., 145 

Lavanda P., 145 

Toni. 145 

Vivian N.. 145 



198 



Muller. Walter DeL . 145-146 
Murphy. Jack. 174 
Nansen, Fridt)of. 162 
Neiss, Eva DeL . 29 
Nelson. Helen W.. 165 

Margaret. 73 

Samuel. 73 

Thomas. 165 
Newcomb. Raymond. 157 
Nixon, Pres. Richard M . 100 
Nolin. Edward. 104 

Rose N.. 104 
Norden, Carl. 132 

Oakey, John. K.7-148 
Oates. Stephen B . 12 
O'Neill, Katherine M.. 78 
William J., 78 

Paris. Francis N . 134 

Jane N., 134 

Joseph S , 134 

Dr Louis. 134 

Mary P., 133-134 
Parker, Malcolm Metzger, 25 
Pasha, Aali, 148 fn. 
Patterson, Rev. Dr., 73 
Paul, Derek C, 108 

Phoebe W., 108 

Robert, 108 

Therese R., 108 

William A , 108 

William A., Jr., 108 
Paulmier, Louis S., Ill, 93 

Marian Wilson. 12, 92-93 
Peary, Adm. Robert E.. 162, 

165 
Perry, Oliver Hazard, 19 

William Haggin, 12 
Peterson, Abbie S., 144 

Barbara DeL , 144 

Joan S., 103 

John Oscar, 144 

John W., 144 

Ronald C, 103 

Victor, 144 
Pettit, Katherine, 139 
Pewtner, Annie A., 60 

George, 60 

George, Jr., 60 



Phillips, Hannah C , 142 

Archibald, 142 

Henry A , 142 

Laverne E . 130 

Louis B . 12 

Nelhe DeL . 142 

William G , 130 
Philson. Anna Ronan. 79, 107 

Dr. Arthur DeL , 12. 15. 107 

Carmel A , 107 

Eliza. 64 

Eliza B , 64 

George, 64 

James DeL , 63-64, 78-79. 107 

James DeL . II, 107 

Joseph Ball. 64, 78 

Joseph Gibbs. 107 

Katherine R , 107 

Mary DeL., MacK , 38-39, 45. 47, 
55. 60, 62-64, 77-78 

Mary Ellen M , 107 

Matthew, 64 

Matthew K., 64 

Robert M., 107 

Sophia B., 64 
Pickford, Mary. 133 
Porteous, Alice. 116 

Alice E., 117 

Allen E., 116 

Bonnie E., 117 

Elizabeth Rowley, 116 

Frederick. 116 

William A.. 117 
Potter, Bishop Henry C. 147 fn , 161 
Putnam, George Palmer. Ill 
Pyle. Harold. 127 

Judith S.. 127 

Quinn. Rev. Bernard, 79 
Charles. 107 
Charles A., 107-108 
Jeanne Philson, 107 
Margaret H., 107 
Paul P., 108 
Thomas C, 108 
Archbishop William, 147 

Raab, Christina C, 117 
Cornelia Rowley, 117 
Florence L., 117 



199 



Raab, Harrison M., 117 

Paula S., 117 

Timothy H.. 117 

Walter H., 117 
Reaman, G. Elmore, 26 
Remsen family, 100 
Richardson, Thomas, 172 
Ring, Capt. Zebedee, 36 
Rockefeller. John D.. 78 
Rogers. Antoinette T., 108 

Burton, 12 

Donna M., 108 

Jeanne B.. 108 

John A., 108 

John B.. 108 

John M.. 108 

Leigh R.. 108 

Lucy B., 108 

Mary Philson, 108 

Will, 133 

Mrs. Will (Betty), 133 
Ronan. Mary S., 79 

Thomas J., 79 
Rooke, Brian D., 128 

Donald, 128 

Heather J., 128 

Laura H.. 128 

Nanette E., 128 
Roosevelt, Pres. Theodore, 19, 131 
Rowe. Wilfred. 13 
Rowland, Theodore, 62 
Rowley, Cornelia P., 81 

Edwin C, 81 

Paul, 81, 115 
Russell, Benton S., Ill, 127 

David B.. 127 

Stephen A., 127 

Sastrom, Theodore M., 12 
Schaefer, Anna McK., 123-125 

Carl. 126 

Daniel J., 123-124 

Elizabeth Ann, 126 

Elizabeth W., 124 

Edmund DeL., 131 

Edmund Willey, 129 

Helen, 124 

Imogene C, 129 

Jo Ann W., 124 

John. 121-122 



Schaefer, John, Jr., 121-123 

John C. 122 

John McK., 124 

John McK , Jr , 124 

John McK . Ill, 125 

Joseph, 122 

Joseph, Jr., 122 

Joseph Lowry. 12, 125 

Juliette McM., 125 

Lena A., 121, 131 

Lilla Moore. 124 

Lydia Adelaide, 121-122 

Lydia DeL.. 11, 32. 41. 121-122, 
177 

Leslie A., 125 

Magdelena, 122 

Mary Ann C . 122 

Michael W , 129 

Robert D , 125 

Ruth L.. 125 

Sandra M., 124 

Sarah C, 124 

Sarah Willey, 123 

Steven, 126 

Susanne C , 126 

William L., 126 
Scheffey, Amos, 92 

Anne E.. 94 

Eric H.. 94 

John J., 93 

Justine J., 93 

Lillian H., 92 

Mary V., 93 

Men H.. 93 

Men M., 92-93 

Neel C, 93 
Schenck, Rev. I.V.W., 78 
Schieffelin, Eugene, 46 fn. 
Schmitt, George, 109 

Marjorie, 109 
Schroeder, Frances D., 126 

Fredenck J., 126 

Kathleen W.. 127 

Mary Schaefer, 126 

Noelle, 127 

Wilmer D.. Sr.. 126 

Wilmer D., Jr., 127 
Schumacher, Janet Hatch McD , 65-66, 

80, 110 

O. Jay, 80 



200 



Schwatka. Lt Frederick, 164 
Seehorn, Bonnie L , 92 

Jeffrey W . 92 

Roberta W . 92 

Willis N , 92 
Sgro. Mary 105 

Vincent. 105 
Shaw. Charles. 76 

Emma J., 76 
Shawkey, Dallas, 12 
Sheridan, Gen Philip. 53. 73 
Sherman, Sen James, 164 
Shields. Richard, 102 
Siegman, Aaron, 74 

Chester A , 12 

Lauretta, 74 

Mary Hewitt, 74 
Sigel. Bob. 92 

Flora S , 91 

George. 91-92 
Simmons, Andrea L , 88 

Elizabeth DeL , 88 

Harry F , 88 
Simon, Ellen C , 88 

Stephen H , 88 
Sing. Rev. Charles B.. 63 
Slocum family, 37 
Smith. Col. Abel, 56, 58 

Betty, 119 

Carol S., 109 

Charles A . 109 

Charles W.. 109 

Charles W., Jr., 109 

Ella T., 109 

Margaret DeL.. 31-32 

Ruben, 32 

Dr. Warren H , 13 
Solee. Coleen A , 127 

Linda H. 127 

Wayne. 127 

Wayne. Jr.. 128 
Southard. Eliza F , 76 

James T.. 76 
Spencer, Oliver. 35 
Sperry. Frank. 52 
Sprague, Emma L.P.. 100 

William Harvey. 100 
Stadtler. Adelaide E.. 87 

Alice DeL., 87 

Florian J., 87 



Stadtler. Joseph C . 87 
Stafford. Allyn DeL . 103 

Allyn DeL.. Jr . 103 

Debbie, 103 

Emily R.. 75 

Jesse E . 75. 103 

Karen J . 103 

Madeline K. 103 

Martha DeL.. 20. 48-49. 60. 75. 103 

Mary. 103 

Robert, 103 

Rose K , 103 

Thomas. 75 

Thomas, II. 103 
Stanley. Edmund A . Jr., 12 

Henry, 157 
Stapleton, Rev A., 24 
Stearns. John M , 43 
Steininger. Fred, 76, 103 

Jeanne L., 104 

Louise. 76 

Lucille DeL.. 60. 71. 76, 103 

William. 76 
Stefansson. Vilhjalmar. 162. 164-165 
Stevens. Major. 36 

Thad. 62 
Stone. Capt. John H , 56 
Stoudt, Elizabeth deL , 26 

John Joseph, 13, 26 

Joseph Baer, 26 
Stuart. J.E B.. 53 
Sun Yat-sen. Dr.. 104 

Taft, Pres. William H . 19. 46, 131 
Taylor, Mary E.. 131 
Thomas, David W.. 97 

Jane Werhan, 97 

Margaret T., 97 

Peter T , 97 

Walter G . 97 

Walter T., 97 
Thorne, Samuel. 12 
Tiemeyer. Caroline R.. 101 

John H . 101 
Tilley. Barbara. 87 

Caroline B., 87 

Reade F.. 87 

Reade F., Jr . 87 
Tonis. Frank J.. 97 

Una B.. 97 



201 



Tressel, Connie P., 130 

Cora W., 130 

David L.. 130 

D. Lee, 130 

Eloise Schaefer, 129 

James P., 130 

Dr. Lee, 129-130 

Richard E., 130 
Tsune-Chi Yu, Dr., 168 
Tucker, Cheri Ann. 128 

William, 128 
Turner, Augustus I., 105 

Florence MacK., 105 

Heather L., 106 

John T.. 106 

Louise B., 105 

Michael F., 106 

Michael S., 106 

Nancy E., 106 

Richard A., 106 

Robert J., 106 

William J., 105 

William J., Jr., 105 
Turpin, Louise, 12 
Twing, Abigail C, 77 

Rev. Cornelius L., 77 

Hannah C, 77 

Van Buren, Pres. Martin, 46 
Vanderbilt, Commodore, 42 
Vaughn, Capt. Thomas F., 123 
Versoy, Irving R., 113 
Vincent, William, 131 

Wahlers, F. William, 109 

Mathilde P., 109 
Wallace, Charles, 141 

Rev. Francis D., 12 

Georgina, 141 

Margaret B., 141 
Walsh, Anne B., 108 

Carey J., 108 

Denis P., 108 

Denis M., 108 

Denis M., Jr., 108 

Evelyn D., 98 

Francis P., 98 

Linda Q., 108 
Walters, Alisa L., 128 

Craig, 128 



Walters, Linda Y.. 128 
Walton, Barbara R., 118 

Doris MacF.. 117-118 

Frederick H., 118 

Frederick R., 118 
Ward, Frederick A., 73 
Washington, George, 19, 35-36 

Rev. George, 153 
Watson, Neil B., 12 
Watts, Ray, 130 
Weber, Anna Maria, 27 

Jacob, 27 

Kathryn, 101 

Theodore F., 101 
Webster, Martha M., 169 
Welles, Gideon, 148, 150 
Wells, Rev. John D., 38, 45, 51, 62. 
64, 74, 77, 98, 131, 134 

Rev. Newell W., 20, 45, 50, 74-77, 
92, 95, 98, 122 
Werhan, Alice E., 97 

Frances C, 97 

George E. H., 97 

George E. H., Jr., 97 

Haden W., 97 

John H., 97 

Katherine Wilson, 97 
West, Ellen Lopes. 37-38 

Thomas, 38 
Wharton, Eunice H., 91 

Grady, 91 
Wheeler, Cottrell, 94 
White. Elizabeth L.. 13 

Rev. James. 123 
Whiteford, Anna L., 100 

Carlton L., 100 

Lowell, 100 

Nancy DeL., 100 

Victoria E., 100 
Whitman, Alice Clark, 73 

Martin I., 73 
Whitney, William C, 42 
Wilcox, Rev. E. F., 79 
Wilkins, Hubert, 164 
Willenbrock, Charles W., 102 

J. Edward, 102 

Julia DeL., 102 

Meta G., 102 
Willey, Jesse G., 123 

Kathleen G., 123 



202 



William III. King of England. 26 
Williams. Ada L . 128 

Andrew L , 106 

Edward E . 128 

Emmett, 128 

Florence L . 106 

Jack H . 106 

Jack H . Jr . 106 

Jack H.. III. 106 

Col Jonathan, 42 
Williams. Mary E . 106 

Mary MacK . 106 

Melvinia M . 106 

Percy. 61-62 

Roger H . 118 

Sarah Schaefer. 128 

Susan P . 106 
Williamson. Kristin. 93 

Pamela S , 93 

Richard A., 93 

Richard W . Jr . 93 
Wilson. Arluff, 124 

Charles E . 91-92 

Charles F . 74. 90 

Diana H.. 92 

Donald J.. 45. 90 

Donald J.. Jr , 91 

Doryce B . 92 

George D.. 92 

Grace E . 90 

Helen S.. 91-92 

John. 74 

John E.. 92 

Katherine. 74 

Kirk Helen, 92 

Mary S. DeL., 60-61, 71. 74, 90, 
98 

Sloan, 157 fn. 

Virginia L . 91 

Virginia W , 91 

Pres. Woodrow. 19. 92. 168 
Witte. Frederick V.C , 76 
Wood. Benjamin. 148 

Fernando. 62 

Helen B.. 84 

Wilfred. 84 
Woodhead, Minnie M., 124 

William, 124 
Woodhull, Richard, 41 
Worden. Edith LP. 177 



Wolton. Capt James A . 148-53 

James A . Jr . 157 

Margaret Barnes, 149. 153 
Wright. Emily DeL , 136 

Ira. 136 
Wurster. Frederick W , 52 
Wyckoff family, 100 

Young. Sir Allen. 156-157 
Donald M . 128 
Donald M . Jr. 128 
Helen G . 128 
Helen H . 128 
Patrick D . 128 

Zande. Alberto. 141 

Angela C . 141 

Anthony L . 141 

Caroline H , 12. 141 

Elizabeth B . 141 

Ethel deLong. 121, 138-41 

Juanita F . 141 

Luigi. 140-41 

Michael L . 141 
Zoty. Bertha D . 96 

Edwin E , 96 
Zwingli. Ulrich, 23 



203 



N 



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