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Full text of "The descendants of Major Samuel Lawrence of Groton"

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THE DESCENDANTS OF 
MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 



THE DESCENDANTS 



OF 



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OF Groton, Massachusetts 



WITH SOME MENTION OF 
ALLIED FAMILIES 

BY 



ROBERT MEANS LAWRENCE, M. D. 






CAMBRIDGE 

PRINTED AT THE RIVERSIDE PRESS 
1904 



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Know then thyself, presume not God to scan, 
The proper study of mankind is man. 

Alexander Pope, 

£ssajf on Man. 



PREFACE 

The preparation of this volume was undertaken at 
the request of members of the Lawrence family, who 
wished for a reliable genealogy of the descendants of 
Major Samuel Lawrence, brought down to the begin- 
ning of the twentieth century. 

In many cases the compiler would gladly have 
made the biographical notices more complete, had 
the necessary data been available. Great care has 
been taken to insure accuracy, yet errors will doubt- 
less be found. The material herewith submitted has 
been obtained from replies to circulars and personal 
letters, supplemented by information derived from 
printed memoirs, biographical publications, college 
class reports ; state, municipal, church, and probate 
records; county and town histories; genealogies and 
family registers. The particular sources of informa- 
tion have not usually been indicated. 

It is hoped that the insertion, wherever practical, 
of the lineage of persons nearly allied to the Law- 
rences by marriage, may enhance the usefulness of 
the volume as a hand-book for reference. 

The Rev. Anson Titus has rendered valuable aid 
in tracing several lineages. 



viii PREFACE 

By permission of the author, the interesting story 
of " A Minute-man " is here included. While the 
form of the conversations therein presented is chiefly 
traditional, the story itself is founded on fact. 

This volume is a sequel to the compiler's " His- 
torical Sketches of Some Members of the Lawrence 
Family," issued in 1888. 

R. M. L. 

321 Dartmouth Street, 
Boston, Mass., January, 1904. 



CONTENTS 

English Ancestry — Ashton Hall — Wissett — First, 

Second, Third, and Fourth Generations 
Fifth Generation — Family No. i . 
Sixth Generation — Families Nos. 2-8 
Seventh Generation — Families Nos. 9-21 . 
Eighth Generation — Families Nos. 22-35 • 

APPENDIX 



PAGE 
I 

6 
13 

75 
184 



Grant of crest to the ancient arms of Lawrence .... 253 
Extracts from the will of Thomas Lawrence of Rumburgh . . 256 
Extracts from the will of John Lawrence of Rumburgh . .257 
Extracts from the will of John Lawrence of Rumburgh, great- 
grandfather of John of Wissett 259 

Will of Richard Lawrence of Rumburgh 263 

Will of John Lawrence of Wissett 265 

Memorandum relating to several branches of the Lawrence 

Family in England 270 

Baptisms, etc., from the records of the Church in Brattle Square, 

Boston 272 

Record in the Family Bible of Amos Lawrence .... 273 

Mortgage Deed of the Groton Homestead 274 

Postscript written by Sarah Richards Lawrence .... 276 
Memorandum on a fly-leaf in the first sales-book of Amos Law- 
rence 276 

Another fly-leaf memorandum 277 

Captain Amos Lawrence 278 

Deacon Samuel Lawrence 278 

Extract from a letter written by Baron Justus von Liebig . . 278 

A Minute-Man : a Story by Mary Fosdick 280 

Index 327 



THE DESCENDANTS OF MAJOR 
SAMUEL LAWRENCE 

ENGLISH ANCESTRY 

Sir Robert Lawrence of Ashton Hall in Lan- 
cashire was knighted by King Richard the Lion- 
hearted, for gallant conduct at the siege of Acre, 
when that famous city of Syria was recovered from 
the Saracens by the knights of the third Crusade, 
A. D. 1 191. According to tradition, he was the first 
to scale the walls and plant the standard of the Cross 
upon the town's battlements. From this warrior, 
through sixteen generations of knights, squires, and 
hardy yeomen, has been traced the descent of John 
Lawrence, a native of Wissett in Suffolk, who crossed 
the sea about the year 1630, and became the ances- 
tor of a numerous kindred in New England. 

His pedigree was compiled with laborious research 
from heraldic manuscripts, ancient deeds, charters, 
wills, and parish registers. 

ASHTON HALL 

Ashton Hall, the ancient seat of the Lawrences, is 
about three miles to the south of the town of Lan- 
caster, in northern Lancashire. It is picturesquely 
situated, commanding fine views of the estuary of 
the River Lune, and of Morecambe Bay, an extensive 



2 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

• 

inlet of the Irish Sea, and is noted for the sylvan 
beauty of its spacious park, which is well diversified 
with hill and vale. The mansion is a large edifice, 
with many of the characteristics of an ancient baro- 
nial castle, having a square tower at one end, and 
numerous battlements, turrets, and machicolations. 
Successive alterations and additions have been made 
at different epochs, in harmony with the mediaeval 
type of architecture. The oldest portion is probably 
the tower, which is believed to date from the four- 
teenth century. The interior contains a fine baronial 
hall. 

The estate remained in the possession of the Law- 
rences until the year 1513. Sir Robert Lawrence, of 
the seventh generation from the hero of the Crusades, 
had three sons, of whom the eldest. Sir James, heir 
to Ashton Hall, was knighted at Hutton Field, July 
24, 1482, by Lord Stanley, "Steward of the King's 
House." His eldest son and heir to the estate. Sir 
John Lawrence, the last of the Lawrences of Ash- 
ton, was killed at the battle of Flodden Field, North- 
umberland, Sept. 9, 15 1 3. His daughter, the heiress 
of Ashton Hall, became the wife of Sir John Butler 
of Rawcliffe, and their only child and heiress, Isabel 
Butler, married Thomas Radcliffe of Wynmarleigh. 
Anne, daughter and heiress of Thomas Radcliffe, 
became the wife of Sir Thomas Gerard (of Gerard's 
Bromley, Staffordshire), who was the son and heir of 
Sir Gilbert Gerard (Master of the Rolls, 1 581-1592). 
Afterwards the estate passed to the Hamiltons by the 
marriage of James, Earl of Arran, afterwards Duke of 
Hamilton, with Elizabeth, daughter and sole heiress 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 3 

of Digby, Lord Gerard of Bromley. Ashton Hall is 
now the residence of J. Chamberlain Starkie, Esq. 

According to researches made under the direction 
of Colonel T. Bigelow Lawrence, Nicholas Lawrence, 
the youngest son of Sir Robert above mentioned, was 
the ancestor of Major Samuel Lawrence of Groton, 
Mass. He settled at Agercroft. 

Sir Robert represented Lancashire in Parliament 
in the years 1404, 1406, and 14 14, and his second son, 
of the same name, was its representative in 1429-30. 

WISSETT 
Wissett is a small parish and village in the north- 
eastern part of the County of Suffolk, two miles 
northwest of Halesworth, which is a market town on 
the river Blythe and a station on the Great Eastern 
Railway, one hundred and one miles from London. 
The population of Wissett in 1851 was 490, and in 
1894 it was 376. The Rev. Arthur Lawrence, D. D., 
who visited the town in 1877, writes as follows : " The 
old church at Wissett is a fairly interesting structure, 
with one of the round flint towers not uncommon in 
the east of England. What might be its venerable 
appearance is marred by a coat of whitewash. I 
preached there one afternoon. The congregation had 
never before seen an American. Rev. Robert Kemp, 
the vicar, was a very aged man, who died not long 
afterward. The service was conducted in a very sim- 
ple way. A lot of children sat on the chancel step. 
The old vicar, if I remember rightly, read the Les- 
son, sitting in a chair behind the lectern. Now and 
then he would doze off and go to sleep, while the 



4 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

congregation sat patiently until he woke up and went 
on again. The churchyard was full of old graves, 
and in the parish register were the names of many 
Lawrences. Archbishop Whately was once rector 
of Halesworth [1822], and at the rectory, Arnold, 
Keble, and Whately met to read the manuscript of 
the ' Christian Year.' The rector of Halesworth in 
1877 had a very interesting history. He had been 
a missionary in China, where he was confined in a 
cage, and was crippled as a result of his sufferings." 
At the present time, 1903, Rev. John Garforth is 
sequestrator, and in entire charge of the Wissett 
parish, having been appointed thereto by the Bishop 
of Norwich. 

First Generation. 

John Lawrence, a son of Henry and Mary Law- 
rence, was baptized at Wissett, Oct. 8, 1609. 
Within a few years after his arrival in America, or 
about the year 1635, he made his home in Watertown, 
Mass., married a wife, whose name was Elizabeth, and 
became the father of thirteen children. In 1662 he 
changed his residence to Groton, where he was an 
original land proprietor, having a twenty-acre-right. 
He also served on the first Board of Selectmen of 
whose election a record is extant. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Lawrence died August 29, 1663. 
He married (second) at Charlestown, Susanna, daugh- 
ter of William Batchelder, and had two daughters, 
born at Groton. 

He died there, July 11, 1667, and his widow at 
Charlestown, July 8, 1668. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 5 

Second Generation. 

Nathaniel Lawrence, the second son of John and 
Elizabeth Lawrence, was born at Watertown, Oct. 
15, 1639, and married at Sudbury, March 13, 1661, 
Sarah Morse, daughter of John and Hannah Morse 
of Dedham. He lived in Groton for some thirty 
years, and served as ensign of a military company, 
selectman, and as a deacon of the church. He was 
also one of the first representatives from Groton to 
the General Court in the year 1692, under the char- 
ter of William and Mary. About the year 1694 he 
removed his residence to Charlestown, and later to 
Cambridge Farms, now Lexington, where he died, 
April 14, 1724, aged 84 years. 

Third Generation. 

John Lawrence, the second son of the preceding, 
was born at Groton, July 29, 1667. He married, Nov. 

9, 1687, Hannah or Anna, elder daughter of Thomas 
and Hannah Tarbell of Groton. She was born June 

10, 1670. They removed in 1693 to Cambridge 
Farms, and became members of the First Parish in 
that precinct, Feb. i, 1699. He was chosen an as- 
sessor in 1 701, a town constable in 1705, and select- 
man in 1 716, serving in the latter capacity several 
years. His homestead was situated near the border 
of Billerica, on what is now called the Bedford road in 
Lexington, and this was the birthplace of his younger 
children. 

John Lawrence died at Lexington, March 12, 1747. 
Mrs. Hannah (Tarbell) Lawrence died Dec. 19, 1732. 



6 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Fourth Generation, 

Amos Lawrence, the youngest of ten children of 
John and Hannah (Tarbell) Lawrence, was born at 
Lexington, Feb. 13, 1716, and became a resident of 
Groton in 1742. He married, Nov. 7, 1749, Abigail, 
daughter of Nehemiah and Sarah (Foster) Abbott of 
Lexington, who was born Jan. 26, 1721. He held 
the rank of captain in the militia, and was elected a 
selectman in 1756, serving fifteen years. He was 
prominent among his patriotic fellow-citizens in ante- 
Revolutionary times, and was an earnest worker for 
the cause of American liberty. He died at Groton, 
June 20, 1785. Mrs. Abigail (Abbott) Lawrence died 
Jan. 6, 1784. 

FIFTH GENERATION 

FAMILY NO. I 

1. Samuel Lawrence, the third son of Amos 
and Abigail (Abbott) Lawrence, was born at Groton, 
April 24, 1754, and m., July 22, 1777, Susanna, eldest 
daughter of William and Sarah (Richardson) Parker 
of Groton, who was born Oct. 10, 1755. 

Their children, born in Groton, were : 

2. I. Luther, b. Sept. 28, 1778. Family No. 2. 
Groton and Lowell. 

3. II. Samuel, b. July 2, 1781 ; d. May 21, 1796. 

4. III. William, b. Sept. 7, 1783. Family No. 3. 
Boston. 

5. IV. Amos, b. April 22, 1786. Family No. 4. 
Boston. 

6. V. Susan, b. May 24, 1 788 ; d. at the house of 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 7 

her brother William, in Southac Court, now Howard 
Street, Boston, Aug. 17, 18 15. 

7. VI. Mary, b. Nov. 12, 1790. Family No. 5. 
Groton. 

8. VII. Abbott, b. Dec. 16, 1792. Family No. 

6. Boston. 

9. VIII. Eliza, b. March 13, 1796. Family No. 

7. Groton. 

10. IX. Samuel, b. Jan. 15, 1801. Family No. 

8. Stockbridq-e. 



*i3^ 



Samuel Lawrence spent the years of his childhood 
and youth upon his father's farm, in his native town 
of Groton. When the Lexington alarm sounded he 
was twenty-one years of age, and a non-commissioned 
officer in the militia company commanded by Capt. 
Henry Farwell. Leaving his plough in the field, he 
promptly answered the call. Mounting a horse, he 
notified the minute-men living in his circuit of the 
approach of the British troops. The two Groton 
companies, and one from Pepperell, assembled in haste, 
and early in the afternoon of the eventful 19th of 
April, 1775, they started on the march to the scene 
of action. Although unable to reach Concord and 
Lexington in season to take part in the fight of that 
day, they pressed forward to Cambridge, and thence- 
forth bore their share in maintaining the siege of 
Boston. These companies became a part of the 
' newly organized Western Middlesex Regiment, and 
for several months Samuel Lawrence acted as orderly 
to Colonel William Prescott. 

On the evening of June 16, 1775, a detail of one 

97-1) O -' lis/ 



8 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

thousand men, including the Groton companies, un- 
der Colonel Prescott, marched from their headquar- 
ters at Cambridge to Charlestown Neck, and during 
the nisfht constructed a redoubt and breastworks 
upon Breed's Hill. Samuel Lawrence was placed in 
command of a detachment of men from his company, 
with orders to watch the movements of an English 
frigate, which was lying in the harbor near by. He 
also assisted in the construction of the earthworks 
on the night of the i6th, and was an active combat- 
ant throughout the battle of Bunker Hill on the next 
afternoon. A spent grape-shot inflicted a slight 
wound on his arm, and a bullet passed through his 
hat, furrowing his hair. He continued in active ser- 
vice for more than three years, attaining the rank of 
major. On July 22, 1777, having obtained a brief 
furlough, he was married at Groton to Susanna 
Parker. During the wedding ceremony the alarm- 
bell sounded, and he was obliged to leave his bride in 
haste, to rejoin his regiment. 

At the battle of Quaker Hill, in Rhode Island, Aug. 
29, 1778, Samuel Lawrence narrowly escaped being 
captured by the enemy, having become separated 
from his command. His rescue was due to the gallant 
conduct of a company of negro troops, who hastened 
to his support. 

Honorably discharged from the army, he returned 
to his home in Sept., 1778, and soon became active 
in town affairs, serving at different times as select- 
man, assessor, and town clerk of Groton. He was 
also a deacon of the church for more than forty 
years, and enjoyed deservedly the confident " ^-^ "^ 






MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 9 

spect of his fellow-citizens. His death occurred at 
Groton, Nov. 8, 1827.^ 

Whatever relates to Major Samuel Lawrence, and 
especially his experiences before and during the bat- 
tle of Bunker Hill, must have an interest for his de- 
scendants. Therefore it has seemed appropriate to 
reprint here the following affidavit, which appears in 
Dr. S. A. Green's '* Groton during the Revolution," 
pp. 219, 220: 

I, Samuel Lawrence, of Groton, Esquire, testify and 
say, that I was at the battle of Bunker Hill (so called) 
in Colonel William Prescott's regiment; that I 
marched with the Regiment to the point on Breed's 
Hill, which was fixed on for a redoubt; that I as- 
sisted in throwing up the breastwork, and in forming 
a redoubt, under Colonel Prescott, who directed the 
whole of this operation. The work was begun about 
nine o'clock in the evening of June i6th, 1775. I 
was there the whole time, and continued in the re- 
doubt, or in the little fort, during the whole battle, 
until the enemy came in, and a retreat was ordered. 
General Putnam w^as not present either while the 
works were erecting, nor during the battle. I could 
see distinctly the rail fence and the troops stationed 
there during the battle, but General Putnam was not 
present as I saw. After the retreat was ordered, the 
troops retreated towards Bunker Hill, and continued 
over and on the side of the hill (I was on the side of 

1 A fuller account of Major Samuel Lawrence and of his American 
ancestry is contained m Historical Sketches of Some Mernbers of the 
Lawrence Family, by R. M. Lawrence, pp. 7-15 52-65, 85-93, and 
97-119. 



lo THE DESCENDANTS OF 

the hill) towards Charlestown neck. ... Just before 
the battle commenced, General Warren came to the 
redoubt. He had on a blue coat and white waistcoat, 
and I think, a cocked hat, but of this I am not cer- 
tain. Colonel Prescott advanced to him, said " he was 
glad to see him, and hoped he would take the com- 
mand." General Warren replied : " no, he came to see 
the action, but not to take command: that he was only 
a volunteer on that day." Afterwards I saw General 
Warren shot ; I saw him when the ball struck him, 
and from that time until he expired. I knew General 
Warren well by sight, and recollected him perfectly 
when Colonel Prescott offered him the command, and 
was sorry to see him so dangerously situated, as I knew 
him to be a distinguished character, and thought he 
ouofht not to have risked his life without command 
on that occasion. No British officer was within forty 
or fifty rods of him, from the time the ball struck 
him, until I saw he was dead. I have read General 
Dearborn's account of the battle, and think it correct, 
particularly with regard to the occurrences at the 
gateway of the redoubt. 

(Signed) Samuel Lawrence. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

County of Middlesex. 

June 5, 1818. 

Personally appeared Samuel Lawrence, Esq., and 
made oath that the above declaration by him sub- 
scribed, is just and true in all its parts, according to 
the best of his knowledge and belief. Before me, 

(Signed) Samuel Dana, 

Justice of the Peace throughout said Commonwealth. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE ii 

The descendants of Samuel Lawrence justly revere 
the memory of his wife, Susanna (Parker) Lawrence, 
whose sterling virtues, shown as a patriotic maiden, 
wife, and matron, deserve to be held in lastine re- 
membrance. To her strength of Christian character, 
and to the moulding force of her precepts and exam- 
ple, her children owed much How well they have 
repaid the debt, these pages may in a measure testify. 

Susanna (Parker) Lawrence died at Groton, May 2, 
1845, aged 89 years. 

The following letter was written to Mrs. Lawrence 
at Groton, by Miss Cornelia Wells Walter (afterwards 
Mrs. William Boardman Richards), who was in charge 
of the Post Office Department of the great Fair held 
in Boston in 1840, under the auspices of the Bunker 
Hill Monument Association. 

QuiNCY Hall, Post Office Department, 

Boston, September 12th, 1840. 

Mrs. Susanna Lawrence, Groton. 

Beloved and respected Madam, — Amidst an ex- 
tensive correspondence sustained during the great 
Fair for the completion of the Bunker Hill Monu- 
ment, with people from every part of our favored 
country, and with half of the Whig Delegates from 
New England — your venerated name has frequently 
occurred to my recollection, and I cannot resist the 
inclination to add it to my list. Language, however, 
would fail me, to express my admiration for those 
fine traits of character, which, brought into high relief 
in your domestic life for a period of eighty-five years, 
has made you the venerable matron, and the idolized 



12 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

parent. Such admiration cannot be otherwise than 
unqualified. You have been the " nursing mother " 
of sons loved and honored by their friends ; and, as 
fellow-citizens of a commercial and literary metropo- 
lis, held in high respect as upright merchants and 
honorable men. The memory of their father being 
intimately connected with the glorious war of our 
country's Revolution, has served to incite them to 
exert their influence and pecuniary aid largely in be- 
half of the final attempt made by the ladies of our 
city, to place the capstone on the " Battle Monument," 
which has been so long a dishonor to the conse- 
crated spot on which it stands, and a reproach to us 
especially as citizens of a proud Republic — proud of 
oxxY free rights, and proud, above all, of the memory 
of our heroic ancestry, who fought in perilous times, 
but in a cause so glorious, believing that, 

" Their lives were given 
To die for home, and leant on Heaven 
Their hand." 

The object of our Fair, dear Madam, I know you will 
appreciate ; and, most happy am I that the task is 
mine to assure you that it will be successful. The 
Monument will be finished; and, could it "rise like 
a pyramid and o'ertop the skies," it would be like the 
memory of the "loved and lost" in that memorable 
battle which has " blossomed as the rose, and smelt 
to Heaven." — You have wrought, my dear Madam, 
for this Fair, with your own hands, evincing thereby 
an ardent interest in its success, and verifying, also, 
the benevolent actions of former days, and the pro- 
verbs of the " Book of Books " — 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 13 

" She layeth her hands to the spindle, and her hands hold the distaff." 
" She maketh fine linen and selleth it, and delivereth girdles unto the 

merchant." 
" Her children arise up and call her blessed ; her husband also, and 

he praiseth her." 

Would that the young people of the present day 

would imitate so virtuous an exemplar! 

I could write much more, but the demands upon 

my time are so exceedingly pressing, that I am 

obliged to close my letter very unwillingly, with the 

assurance of the profound respect and unfeigned 

regard of your sincere friend, 

Cornelia.* 

SIXTH GENERATION 
FAMILY NO. 2 

2. Luther, m. at Worcester, Mass., June 19, 1805, 
Lucy, fifth and youngest child of Colonel Timothy 
Bigelow of Worcester (i 739-1 790) and Anna (An- 
drews) Bigelow. She was born May 13, 1774; d. at 
Boston, Oct. 6, 1856. 

Their children were : 

11. I. Anna Maria, b. at Groton, March 25, 
1806. Family No. 9. Rutland, Vt. 

12. II. Emily, b. at Groton, June 24, 1807; d. 
May 3, 1808, at Groton. 

^ Mr. William Reuben Richards makes the following statement : 
" This letter was written on the occasion of the Fair, which was held 
for the purpose of raising funds to put the capstone on Bunker Hill 
Monument. My mother at the time had charge of the post-office, 
which meant that she wrote most of the letters. She has told me the 
story of how the son (Amos Lawrence) asked to have the letter written, 
and was so pleased with it that he came back with a twenty-dollar 
gold-piece." 



14 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

13. III. Elizabeth Andrews, b. at Groton, June 
29, 1809; d. Aug. 19, 1830, at Groton. 

14. IV. Catharine, b. at Groton, April 26, 181 1; 
m. Charles Tilden Appleton. Family No. 10. 
Lowell. 

15. V. Rufus Bigelow, b. at Groton, July 13, 
1814. 

Rufus Bigelow Lawrence received instruction at 
Groton and Stow academies, and under a private 
tutor. Entering Harvard, Aug. 24, 1829, he remained 
two years with the Class of 1833, but graduated with 
the Class of 1834. He then began the study of law 
in his father's ofHce at Lowell, and became a mem- 
ber of the Middlesex bar in Dec, 1837. Two years 
later he started to practise his profession in Boston, 
but his health failing, he went abroad and spent 
many months in travel. He died at Pau, Basses 
Pyrenees, France, Jan. 13, 1841, much regretted. 

The Hon. Luther Lawrence prepared for college 
at Groton Academy, which he entered in 1 794, when 
the institution was first opened for the reception 
of students. He received the degree of A. B. from 
Harvard in 1801, and then studied law in the ofifice 
of Hon. Timothy Bigelow, being admitted to the bar 
in June, 1804, after which he engaged in successful 
practice in Groton, where he had a large clientage. 
In 18 1 2 he was elected representative from Groton 
to the Massachusetts General Court, serving for 
twelve years in that capacity, and as speaker in 1822. 
Mr. Lawrence was a trustee of Groton Academy for 
twenty-eight years. He was also active in the mili- 



I 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 15 

tia, being captain of the south military company of 
Groton. In 1831 he removed his residence to Low- 
ell, where his brothers were prominent among the 
originators of several important manufacturing enter- 
prises. Here he built a house on Lawrence Street, 
and continued the practice of law in partnership with 
Elisha Glidden, Esq. At a town meeting held at 
Lowell, Feb. 3, 1836, Mr. Lawrence was appointed 
chairman of a committee of twenty-five citizens, 
who were instructed " to consider if any alterations 
or modifications in the municipal regulations of said 
town were necessary, and also the expediency of 
establishing a city government." At a later meet- 
ing, Feb. 17, 1836, Mr. Lawrence, as chairman of 
the above-named committee, made a report, recom- 
mending that the legislature be petitioned to grant 
a charter to make the town a city. He was elected 
the second mayor of the new city of Lowell, March 
6, 1838, and served in that office with ability, being 
reelected the ensuing year. On April 17, 1839, 
while inspecting some new buildings of the Middle- 
sex Mills in company with his friend and classmate, 
Tyler Bigelow, Esq., he made a misstep, and falling 
into an open wheel-pit, was almost instantly killed. 
Luther Lawrence was held in much esteem in the 
community, and was one of Lowell's most honored 
citizens. The City Council passed appropriate reso- 
lutions " bearing testimony to his high-minded and 
honorable character, his judicious administration of 
the city government, his lively interest in the various 
public institutions with which he had been connected, 
his unselfishness and liberality, his efforts to promote 



i6 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

the moral and religious interests of the place, his 
amenity of behavior and kindliness of feeling for all 
around him." 

Colonel Timothy Bigelow (fifth son of Daniel and 
Elizabeth (Whitney) Bigelow), whose youngest child, 
Lucy, became the wife of Hon. Luther Lawrence, was 
born at Worcester, Mass., Aug. 2, 1739. He was of 
the fourth generation from John Biglo or Bigelow, the 
emigrant ancestor. Colonel Bigelow married, July i, 
1762, Anna, daughter of Samuel and Anna (Rankin) 
Andrews. When a young man he learned the trade 
of a blacksmith, and carried on that business. On 
the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775, he marched to 
Cambridge as captain of a company in Colonel Arte- 
mas Ward's regiment, and was on duty during the 
early part of the siege of Boston. In Sept., 1775, he 
accompanied Benedict Arnold in the expedition sent 
to attempt the capture of Quebec, and was taken 
prisoner in the assault on that city, Dec. 31, and de- 
tained until August following, when he was ex- 
changed, and returned home. He became colonel of 
the Fifteenth Massachusetts Regiment, Feb. 8, 1777, 
and was present at the surrender of General Burgoyne 
to General Gates at Saratoga in October following. 
Colonel Bigelow took part in other campaigns of the 
Revolution, and was at Valley Forge, West Point, 
Monmouth, and Yorktown. When the war was over 
he returned to his home, having earned an excellent 
reputation as an efficient officer, but with health im- 
paired by the privations and hardships which he had 
experienced, and with diminished means, owing to a 
depreciated currency and scant remuneration for his 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 17 

military services. " With a resolute spirit he set to 
work to repair his shattered fortune, and resumed his 
old occupation of a blacksmith. With others he 
obtained a grant of land in Vermont, consisting of a 
township of 23,040 acres, upon which was founded 
the town of Montpelier, but he never went to live 
upon the grant. Through the machinations of false 
friends, who owed much to his patriotism of former 
days, he found himself tangled in debt, unable to 
extricate himself or to satisfy their Shylock demands ; 
and to their shame and disgrace he was thrown into 
jail, where, overwhelmed by adverse circumstances, 
he died, March 31, 1790. His widow d. at Groton, 

: Mass., July 9, 1809."^ 

I On April 19, 1861, the eighty-sixth anniversary of 

! the battle of Lexington, and also memorable for the 
attack on the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment in the 
streets of Baltimore, the so-called " Bigelow Monu- 
ment" was dedicated at Worcester, Mass. It was 
erected in memory of the Revolutionary services of 
the distinguished patriot. Colonel Timothy Bigelow, 

I by his great-grandson. Colonel Timothy Bigelow 
Lawrence. 

FAMILY NO. 3 

4. William, m. May 20, 1 8 1 3, Susan Ruggles Bord- 
man, only child of William and Elizabeth (Davis) 
Bordman of Boston. She was b. April 29, 1787; d. 
at Boston, Aug. 7, 1858. 

1 The Bigelow Family^ by Gilman Bigelow Howe, p. 76. 



i8 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Their children : 

1 6. I. William Bordman, b. Feb. i8, 1814; d. 
Sept. 7, 1840. He entered Groton Academy in 1822, 
and later attended Chauncy Hall School. 

17. II. Samuel Abbott, b. at Boston, July 28, 
1815; m., Nov. 24, 1845, Sallie Cresson Bunker, 
daughter of Nathan Bunker, Esq., of Philadelphia. 
She was b. Feb. 12, 1823; d. at Newport, R. I., Jan. 
29, 1886. 

Samuel Abbott Lawrence received early instruc- 
tion at Groton Academy and Chauncy Hall School 
in Boston. In his youth he was much interested in 
military affairs, and held commissions in the militia. 
In 1837 he engaged in business with the firm of 
Macgregor, Tucker & Lawrence, afterwards Tucker, 
Lawrence & Co., in Boston. After a ten years' resi- 
dence abroad, he made his home at Newport, R. I., 
in 1858, and was active in the promotion of the inter- 
ests of musical science in that city. His death oc- 
curred there, Sept. 8, 1863. The following obituary 
notice, prepared by Henry Austin Whitney, appeared 
in the " Boston Daily Advertiser," Sept. 9, 1863: 

" We regret to learn of the death of Samuel Abbott 
Lawrence, which occurred at Newport, Rhode Island, 
yesterday morning. He married in Philadelphia, Sal- 
lie Bunker, a sister of the late Mrs. Dahlgren, whose 
surviving husband is now in command of our fieet 
before Charleston. A few weeks ago Mr. Lawrence 
visited Washington to care for the welfare of Captain 
Ulric Dahlgren, whose serious wounds and gallan- 
try have been the subject of much general remark. 
While in Washington, during the extreme heat of 



I 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 19 

summer, his exertions brought on an attack of faint- 
ing, to which he was subject, and since his return 
to his own house, bringing with him the young hero, 
he has been gradually failing. ... Of late years he 
had devoted himself to the interests of his adopted 
home, and has taken an earnest interest in the Epis- 
copal Church, of which he was a member. He was 
in the forty-ninth year of his age." 

At a regular meeting of the Union League of 
Newport, R. I., holden Monday evening, Sept. 14, 
1863, the following preamble and resolutions were 
unanimously adopted: 

" Whereas, by the death of Samuel Abbott Law- 
rence, Esq., of this city, this organization has sus- 
tained a loss in its loyal ranks, of which it seems 
most proper and becoming that we should publicly 
express our appreciation, Therefore, Resolved, That 
we hold in highest honor and respect the memory of 
one to whose many estimable qualities, to whose pri- 
vate worth, to whose gifts of fortune, wealth, and 
social station was superadded the crowning virtue (in 
these times of national jeopardy) of a steadfast faith 
in the triumph of the principles of the national unity, 
republican integrity, and universal liberty; and who 
was ever ready to employ his influence and his wealth 
in the furtherance of his conviction ; whose loyalty 
to his country, its government, and its institutions 
was worthy of Bayard's motto (being " without fear 
and without reproach"), unblemished by a selfish 
motive, and evincing a generous singleness of pur- 
pose, and a fixed devotion to a principle in every 
word and act, worthy of all emulation." 



20 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

i8. III. Lydia Elizabeth, b. June 15, 1818; d. 
June 29, 1818. 

19. IV. Sarah, b. Aug. 20, 1819; d. Aug. 24, ^ 
1819. 

20. V. George Henry, b. Jan. 9, 1821 ; d. Jan. 
5» 1823. 

21. VI. Susan Elizabeth, b. Oct. 5, 1822. Fam- 
ily No. II. Boston. 

22. VII. Mary Bordman, b. Feb. 21, 1824; d. 
Aug. 24, 1824. 

23. VIII. Harriet Bordman, b. Jan. 8, 1826. 
Family No. 12. Boston. 

24. IX. Fanny (christened Mary Francis), b. Aug. 
19, 1828. Family No. 13. Boston. 

Mrs. Susan Ruggles Bordman Lawrence died Aug. 
7, 1858. 

William Lawrence was born at Groton, Sept. 7, 
1783, and there passed his boyhood and youth, re- 
ceiving his education at Groton Academy, which he 
entered in 1 794. As a young man he devoted him- 
self to agricultural pursuits, having the management 
of his father's farm. His health becoming impaired 
by overwork, he gave up this care, and passed the 
winter of 1809-10 in Boston with his brother Amos, 
establishing himself in business the following spring 
in a small store near that of his brother. Mr. Law- 
rence's name first appears in the Boston Directory 
for 1 8 10, as a shopkeeper at No. 32 Cornhill. In 
1820 he was in the dry goods business at No. 7 Mar- 
ket Street. His mercantile career, thus simply be- 
gun, was eminently successful. In 1822 he formed 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 2x 

a partnership with his brother Samuel, under the 
firm name of W. & S. Lawrence, and soon became 
actively interested in manufacturing enterprises at 
Lowell, Mass. 

In 1826 the style of the firm was changed to W. 
& S. Lawrence & Stone, and Mr. William W. Stone 
was admitted as a partner, their place of business 
being at 85 State Street. Mr. Lawrence retired in 
1842, having then acquired a considerable fortune. 
He was an original director of the Suffolk Bank, 
which was chartered Feb. 10, 18 18, and, together with 
his brothers Luther, Amos, and Abbott, was a sub- 
scriber to its capital stock. His name is identified 
with the introduction of the " Suffolk Bank System," 
a chief feature whereof was the redemption of bank- 
notes issued by institutions outside of Boston, a sys- 
tem " which has made New England banking famous 
for all time." 

William Lawrence served nine years as a repre- 
sentative from Boston to the Massachusetts General 
Court, from 1829 to 1833 inclusive, 1835-36, and 
1840-41. He was elected a director of the Western 
Rail-Road Corporation at the time of its organiza- 
tion, Jan. 4, 1836. 

During the earlier years of his married life he lived 
in a house on Southac Court, now Howard Street, 
but about the year 1822 he removed his residence to 
No. 3 Bulfinch Street, where he remained for twenty- 
five years, until 1847 or thereabouts, when he occu- 
pied a house on Trem^ont Street adjoining that of his 
brother Amos on Colonnade Row, which was after- 
wards called by the residents Fayette Place, in honor 



22 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

of the visit of General Lafayette in 1824. The lat- 
ter name failed, however, to receive official sanction. 
Mr. Lawrence made liberal donations to Groton 
Academy, whereby it was placed upon a permanent 
foundation, and its sphere of influence greatly en- 
larged. He also made generous bequests to the in- 
stitution in his will. 

At a special meeting of the trustees of Groton 
Academy, held April 17, 1844, the following resolu- 
tion was unanimously adopted : 

" Whereas William Lawrence, Esq., of Boston, by 
a donation of ten thousand dollars to this Academy, 
has laid us, and the community in which we live, un- 
der deep and lasting obligations to him ; and whereas 
the responsibility of this Board is greatly increased 
by this munificent act, therefore — Resolved, that the 
thanks of this Board be presented to Mr. Lawrence 
for this noble charity, and for the truly liberal condi- 
tions on which he has presented it to this institution, 
and that we pledge ourselves to him and the public, 
that we will use our best endeavors to appropriate 
the income of this fund in such manner as to secure 
the object of the donor in the cause of education." 

At the same meeting, the trustees appointed a com- 
mittee to petition the General Court to change the 
name of the corporation to " the Lawrence Academy 
at Groton," and this petition was granted at the next 
session of the legislature. Mr. Lawrence died at 
Boston, Oct. 14, 1848. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 23 

THE BORDMAN FAMILY* 

William Bordman, the emigrant, b. about 16 14, 
came to this country in 1638, with his mother and 
her husband, Stephen Daye, his stepfather. He was 
a tailor, and served as steward and cook of Harvard 
College. He resigned the former position in 1668, 
but retained the latter until his death, March 25, 1685. 
Lieutenant Aaron Bordman, a son of the emigrant, 
b. in 1649, was steward of the College from 1687 to 
1703, succeeding his brother Andrew, who served in 
a like capacity from 1682 to 1687. He was a lock- 
smith and m. Mary about 1673. He d. Jan. 

15, 1702-3. Andrew Bordman, a son of Lieutenant 
Aaron, b. at Cambridge about 1692, m. Sarah God- 
dard at Roxbury, Oct. 20, 171 5. He was a shop- 
keeper and dealt in various kinds of cloths, handker- 
chiefs, gloves, pins, and other articles of haberdashery. 
He d. at Boston, May 31, 1751. (Granary Epitaph.) 

William Bordman, a son of Andrew and Sarah 
(Goddard) Bordman, was b. at Roxbury, Nov. 6, 1724. 
He m., Nov. 9, 1749, Susanna, daughter of Captain 
Thomas Stoddard. Mr. Bordman was a deacon of 
the Second Church in Boston, and his house was on 
Ann Street. He d. Feb. 9 (.?), 1806. The " Massa- 
chusetts Centinel " announced that his funeral would 
be on Feb. 12, "if weather fair; if not, the first fair 
day." William Bordman, the fifth child of William, 

If * The early American lineage of the Bordmans, hitherto obscure, has 
been satisfactorily determined by the researches of Mr. Joseph Cutler 
Whitney, who has furnished the information here given, regarding the 
first three generations of the family. 



11 



24 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

senior, was born at Boston, May i, 1760. He m., 
June 2, 1785, (i) Elizabeth, daughter of Hon. Caleb 
and Hannah (Ruggles) Davis, and their only child 
was Susan Ruggles Bordman (b. at Boston, April 
29, 1787), who m.. May 20, 18 13, William Lawrence 
(Family No. 3). Mrs. Elizabeth Bordman d. Dec. 
14, 1790, and her husband was afterwards twice mar- 
ried. Mr. Bordman was a highly respected merchant 
of Boston. He d. May i, 1842. 

The Hon. Caleb Davis, a son of Joshua and Sarah 
(Pierpont) Davis, was b. at Woodstock, Conn., Oct. 
^5' 1738. He was a prominent attorney in Boston 
and an active promoter of the rights of the people. 
He was a member of the order of the " Sons of Lib- 
erty," and was one of those who dined at the Liberty 
Tree, in Dorchester, Aug. 14, 1769. Mr. Davis was 
a member of the first General Court under the Con- 
stitution, in 1 780, and was elected speaker of the same. 
He was also a member of the committee from Boston 
under the Confiscation Act of 1779, and of the Con- 
stitutional Convention of 1788. He was a brother of 
General Amasa Davis and of Major Robert Davis. 
Hon. Caleb Davis d. at Boston, July 6, 1797. The 
following brief obituary notice appeared in the " In- 
dependent Chronicle " and " Columbian Centinel " : 
" It may be said with strict truth that he was a good 
man, exemplified the Christian character in the nu- 
merous stations which he sustained, served his gen- 
eration according to the will of God, and rests from 
his labors." 

Samuel Ruggles (whose daughter Hannah mar- 
ried Mr. Davis, Sept. 30, 1 760) was b. on Christmas 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 25 

Day, 1 706, and was descended from George Ruggles, 
the emigrant, through his son Samuel and wife Sarah, 
grandson John and wife Tabitha. He was a master- 
builder and the constructor of Faneuil Hall in 1742. 
His wife's name was Hannah Lowden. 

FAMILY NO. 4 

5. Amos, m. (first), June 6, 181 1, at Boston, Sarah, 
the eldest of ten children of Giles and Sarah (Adams) 
Richards of Dedham. She was b. at Boston, July 
25, 1790, and her mother was a daughter of Rev. 
Amos Adams of Roxbury. 

Their children, born at Boston, were as follows: 

25. I. William Richards, b. May 3, 18 12. Fam- 
ily No. 14. Boston and Brookline. 

26. n. Amos Adams, b. July 31, 1814. Family 
No. 15. Boston and Brookline. 

27. HI. Susanna, b. May 23, 181 7. Family No. 
16. Salem and Boston. 

Mrs. Sarah Richards Lawrence d. at Boston, Jan. 
14, 18 1 9, aged 28. 

Amos Lawrence, m. (second), April 16, 182 1, at 
Amherst, N. H., Nancy (Means) Ellis, daughter of 
Robert and Mary (McGregor) Means, and widow of 
Hon. Caleb Ellis, Associate Justice of the Supreme 
Court of New Hampshire (d. May 9, 18 16). She d. 
at Boston, Nov. 27, 1866. They had: 

28. IV. Mary Means, b. April 15, 1823; d. at 
Boston, Dec. 8, 1828. 

29. V. Robert Means, b. Sept. 17, 1826; d. at 
Boston, Nov. i, 1845. 



26 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

He entered the Boston Latin School in 1837. A 
member of the Class of 1847, of Harvard College, 
and a youth of much promise. According to the 
college records, he was admitted Aug. 25, 1843, and 
" offered " by Robert Harlow. At a Class meeting 
held Nov. 3, 1845, it was " Resolved, that the mem- 
ory of our classmate Lawrence shall ever be sacred 
and dear to us ; that we never can forget the virtues | 
which he displayed, the social qualities which en- 
deared him to us, and to all with whom he was ac- 
quainted ; and that kindness to all around him, and 
constant regard for the feelings of others, which ever 
distinguished him." 

Amos Lawrence, the fourth son of Major Samuel 
and Susanna (Parker) Lawrence, was born at Groton, 
Mass., April 22, 1786. He received elementary 
training in the district schools of his native town, 
and was for a short time a student at Groton Acad- 
emy. Not having a robust physique, he did not work 
on the farm, but in the autumn of 1799, when Jhir- 
teen years of age, he took a position as clerk in a 
country store in the town of Dunstable. Here he 
remained for a few months only, and then began an 
apprenticeship of seven years in the large variety 
store of James Brazer in Groton. By faithfulness in 
the discharge of his multifarious duties, and by the I 
scrupulous honesty and exactness of his business j 
methods, he rapidly acquired the confidence of his 
employer and established a reputation for integrity 
and fair dealing. Hence, naturally, greater responsi- 
bilities devolved upon him, and he soon became the 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 27 

virtual manager of the store, while yet of an age when 
most boys of to-day devote their leisure time to out- 
door sports. It was at this period that the youthful 
clerk gave evidence of that decision of character which 
thereafter was so marked a trait with him. At the 
ase of fourteen, he became a total abstainer from 
stimulating beverages, although it was one of his 
duties to prepare daily gallons of rum, duly spiced 
and sweetened, which was partaken of freely by clerks 
and customers alike as a matter of course, according 
to the usage of those times. 

Soon after attaining his majority, in the month of 
April, 1807, Amos Lawrence went to Boston on a 
prospecting business trip. His worldly property 
consisted of twenty dollars, and of this amount he 
gave two dollars to a neighbor for driving him to 
town. After serving as clerk for a few months in a 
respectable mercantile house, he began business for 
himself in a modest way, Dec. 17, 1807, i^ ^ small 
dry goods store at No. 31 Cornhill (now Washington 
Street) "on the corner which makes the turn into 
Dock Square," shortly afterwards removing to No. 
46, on the opposite side of the street. The follow- 
ing year he was joined by his brother Abbott, who 
became his apprentice, and in Oct., 1809, his elder 
brother William, whose health had become impaired 
by overwork on the farm, also came to Boston and 
assisted Amos for a few months, later taking a small 
store near by. Mr. Lawrence married, at Boston, 
June 6, 181 1, Sarah, the eldest of ten children of Giles 
and Sarah (Adams) Richards of Boston, afterwards 
of Dedham, Mass. 



28 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

After Abbott Lawrence came of age, the two 
brothers formed a partnership, Jan. i, 1814, under 
the firm name of A. & A. Lawrence. They occu- 
pied a store at No. 15 Market Street (the Cornhill 
of to-day), " on the north side, near the alley leading 
down the steps to Brattle Street Church." After- 
wards they removed to No. 1 1 Liberty Square, and 
still later to " Lawrence Block," Milk Street. The 
business of the firm of A. & A. Lawrence rapidly 
developed, until it became second in importance to 
no other mercantile house in New England. Mrs. 
Sarah (Richards) Lawrence d. at Boston, Jan. 14, 
1819, and Mr. Lawrence m. at Amherst, N. H., April 
16, 182 1, Mrs. Nancy (Means) Ellis. The same year 
he served as a member of the Massachusetts House 
of Representatives. 

During the ten years ensuing, Mr. Lawrence was 
engrossed in the cares of business, his firm having 
become largely interested in domestic manufactures, 
and especially in the cotton mills of Lowell and Law- 
rence. He found time, however, for other matters, 
and was especially active as a member of the build- 
ing committee of the Board of Directors of the Bun- 
ker Hill Monument Association. He would have 
been glad to have had the whole battlefield preserved 
for posterity as a "legacy of patriotism," and he him- 
self contributed largely to the building fund. The 
completion of the monument in 1843 was therefore 
to him a source of unmixed gratification. On the 
first day of June, 1831, Mr. Lawrence was seized with 
an acute gastric affection, apparently caused by 
drinking cold water, the weather at the time being 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 29 

very warm. Thenceforth he was obliged to retire 
from active business, and to adopt the Hfe of an inva- 
lid. For many years he did not take a meal with 
his family, and his food, which was extremely simple, 
was regularly weighed on scales which always stood 
upon his desk. 

His life was now more than ever devoted to char- 
ities and philanthropic objects. It was his great 
pleasure to be his own almoner, and besides this, in 
his daily drives he carried along a supply of books 
and tracts which he dispensed to passers-by. Among 
the educational institutions liberally aided by Mr. 
Lawrence were Williams College (whose library 
was called " Lawrence Hall " in his honor), Wabash 
and Kenyon colleges, the academy at Groton, and 
Bangor Theological School. During the early days 
of his married life his home was on Sudbury Street, 
but about the year 1820 he removed his residence to 
Colonnade Row, his house being on the corner of 
Tremont and West streets, with a garden extending 
back to Mason Street. His brother William occu- 
pied the adjoining house. Amos Lawrence died at 
Boston, Dec. 31, 1852. 

THE RICHARDS FAMILY 

Giles Richards, who was born at Waterbury, Conn., 
Feb. 17, 1754, was the second son of Abijah (1718- 
1773) and Hulda (Hopkins) Richards of Water- 
bury; grandson of Thomas (i 685-1 726) and Han- 
nah (Upson) Richards; great-grandson of Thomas 
Richards (b. about 1600; d. before 1639), an origi- 
nal settler of Hartford, Conn. Giles Richards mar- 



30 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

ried at Pepperell, Oct. 6, 1789, Sarah, daughter of 
Rev. Amos and Elizabeth (Prentiss) Adams of Rox- 
bury, and took up his residence in Cambridge, re- 
moving to Boston in 1801.^ He was a man of enter- 
prise and superior mechanical skill, and was highly 
respected in the community. In 1788 he formed a 
partnership with his brother Mark and Amos Whitte- 
more, for the manufacture of cotton and wool cards 
by newly invented machinery. Their factory was 
situated on the north side of Hanover Street, Boston, 
close to the Mill-Bridge, so called, and about midway 
between the present Union and Cross streets. The 
lot extended back to Link Alley. (See Drake's " Old | 
Landmarks of Boston," pp. 1 51-153.) The estab- 
lishment of Giles Richards & Co. furnished employ- 
ment at one time to more than a thousand persons, 
and was regarded with pride by the people of Boston, 
as one of their chief industrial enterprises. "The 
necessity of obtaining improved machinery for use 
in the manufacture of woollens, led to measures on 
the part of the legislatures of several States in favor 
of the makers of this sort of machinery. By the year 
1789 there were three quite extensive manufactories 
of cotton and wool cards in the town, making sixty- 
three thousand pairs of cards per year, and under- 
selling those of foreign manufacture. Concerning 
one of these General Washington says (in his Diary, 
Mount Vernon Papers, No. 12), referring to his visit 
to Boston in the year above mentioned : ' I went to 

1 At a meeting of the selectmen of Boston, Aug. i6, 1786, "Gyles | 
Richards, near Mill-Bridge, was approbated for a License as a Re- ' 
tailer." 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 31 

a card manufactory where, I was informed, there were 
about nine hundred hands. . . . All kinds of cards 
were made, and there are machines for executingr 
every part of the work in a new and expeditious 
manner, especially in cutting and bending the teeth, 
which is done at one stroke.' " ^ 

Mr. Richards was a member of the first Board of 
Trustees of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic 
Association (founded in 1795), of which organization 
Paul Revere was the first president. He retired 
from business in 18 16 and removed his residence to 
Dedham, where he occupied a house in the Upper 
Village, facing the southwesterly corner of the Com- 
mon, on the high road formerly known as the Hart- 
ford Turnpike. This house was built in 1768 by 
Josiah Fisher, and was bought by Amos Lawrence 
in Nov., 18 1 6, for the occupancy of his father-in-law, 
Giles Richards, by whom it was enlarged. Mr. Law- 
rence sold the estate, March i, 1830, to John Ellis, 
and the latter conveyed it to John Baker, 2d, the 
sheriff of Norfolk County, whose daughter was living 
in the house in 1902. Mr. Richards was admitted a 
member of the First Church in Dedham, April 16, 
1820, and died at Dedham, June 3, 1829, at the age 
of 75. His widow, Mrs. Sarah (Adams) Richards, 
went to Ohio to live with her sons, who had settled 
there. After several years, her health failing, she re- 
turned to Massachusetts, and on the invitation of the 
Misses Porter, nieces of Rev. Eliphalet Porter, her 
father's successor as minister of the First Parish in 

^ The Memorial History of Boston, edited by Justin Winsor, 1881, 
vol. iv. p. 78. 



32 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Roxbury, she made her home with them in the old 
parsonage which was her birthplace, and there she 
remained until her death, April 12, 1836. Sarah, the 
eldest child of Giles Richards, b. at Boston, July 25, 
1790, became the wife of Amos Lawrence, June 6, 
1811. 

George Thomas Richards (eighth child of Giles 
and younger brother of Sarah Richards Lawrence), 
b. at New York, April 28, 1806, went abroad as a 
young man in 1828, and took up his residence in 
Paris, France. After a number of years' experience 
in financial affairs, he there began a banking busi- 1 
ness on his own account, April i, 1843, and became 
a partner in the firm of John Munroe & Co., May i, 
1846. Mr. George Lawrence Richards writes from 
Washington, D. C, under date of April 12, 1903, as 
follows : " Where my father obtained his schooling is 
a point on which I am ignorant. His studies were 
probably not carried very far, for he became clerk in a 
country grocery store at an early age. But he read 
much, and was a very well-informed man, not only on 
current questions, but on general history and litera- 
ture. His technical knowledge could not have been 
extended, but that he took an interest in the arts 
and sciences was evinced by a visit which he made 
with me to the Paris Exposition of 1867, where we 
strolled through the galleries devoted to the exhibit 
of machinery. The machines, their details, devices, 
and mode of working seemed to interest him much. 
. . . My father witnessed the fall of Charles X. as a 
result of the famous '- trois journees'' of July, 1830. 
My impression is that your father and my cousin 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 33 

Amos, then students at Versailles, were with him on 
that occasion. I have a recollection of your father 
[William Richards Lawrence] recounting to me his 
experiences at that time, and telling of his having 
witnessed the Royal Guard fire on the mob, as it 
advanced on the Tuileries. . . . My father also saw 
the Revolution of 1848, and the fall of Louis Phi- 
lippe." 

George Thomas Richards m. at Boston, Oct. 17, 
1853, Lucy Ellen Kelleran. 

Their children : 

1. George Lawrence, b. Sept. 16, 1854. He is a 
civil engineer by profession, and resides at Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

2. Anna, b. Nov. 15, 1855 ; d. in infancy. 

3. Marian, b. April 19, 1857; resides in Paris. 

4. Arthur Waldo, d. in infancy. 

5. William Stell, b. July 23, i860; d. Aug. 15, 
1887. 

6. Elise, b. July 26, 1862. She m. at Paris, Oct. 
1 5' 1895, M. Jean Jules Jusserand, who in 1902 was ap- 
pointed Ambassador of France to the United States. 

Mrs. Richards has continued to reside in Paris 
since her marriage. Her husband d. May 8, 1871. 

Hon. Edward Kelleran, great-grandfather of Mrs. 
George Thomas Richards, b. in 1751, was a resident 
of Thomaston, Me. His home in that town was sit- 
uated on the shore of St. George's River (a deep, 
narrow inlet of the sea), and was there to be seen as 
late as 1884. He was at one time a sea-captain, and 
represented the town of Gushing in the Maine legis- 
lature. He d. May 23, 1828. 



34 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Captain Edward Kelleran, the second of eleven 
children of Hon. Edward, was born about the year 
1777. He settled in Portland, and married Lucy, 
daughter of Colonel John and Rachel (Thorn) Reed 
of Bath, Me. During the war of 18 12 he commanded 
the brig Dash, which was the most efficient and suc- 
cessful of the private armed fleet owned in Port- 
land. 

Captain Kelleran was an interesting character, a 
fine type of the American merchantman "skipper" 
in the palmy days of our merchant marine. After the 
war he became a large landowner, and acquired what 
was considered a handsome fortune at that time. 
" Those who recollect the presidential campaign of 
1840, will recall Captain Kelleran's jolly face and fig- 
ure, which would rival Hackett's personification of 
Falstaff. He was then well along in years, and an 
enthusiastic Harrison man." * 

Captain Kelleran was extravagantly fond of read- 
ing history and of memorizing poetry, and could re- 
peat at length from the writings of Burns, Scott, and 
Byron. * 

He had six daughters, five of whom lived to mature 
age and were married. They were all handsome 
and gifted by nature, and were known in Portland 
as the " Graces," although they exceeded in number 
their prototypes of classical mythology. Of these 
daughters, the eldest, Eliza, born at Portland in 1800, 
was the mother of Mrs. George Thomas Richards of 
Paris, France.^ 

^ See Portlandin the Past, by William Goold, 1886, pp. 450-455. 1 
* Eliza Kelleran became the wife of Luther Richardson, a young 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 35 

Of the ten children of Giles Richards, three sons, 
Giles, Jr., Amos Adams, and Charles, removed to 
Ohio, and became permanent residents of that State. 
The youngest child, Mary Elizabeth, m., about 1835, 
John Richardson Adan, a lawyer of Boston (H. U. 
1813; adm. Suffolk bar, 1816; d. 1849). She d. 
Jan. 15, 1845. 

A daughter of Charles, Mrs. Mary Garrison, resides 
with one of her married children at Buffalo, N. Y., 
and her daughter Charlotte is living in 1903 at Ded- 
ham, Mass. 

Frovt the Massachusetts Centinel, Oct., 1789 

" Married at Pepperell, [Oct. 6,] Mr. Giles Rich- 
ards of Boston, to the amiable Miss Sally Adams, 
youngest daughter of the late Rev. Mr. Adams of 
Roxbury." 

Extracts from a letter written by Amos Adams 
Richards to his brother, Giles Richards : 

Chicago, Feb. 21, 1870. 
Dr. Bro. Giles, — My earliest dream of life was 
in Charlestown, in the Kimball house in 1 798, where 
our first sister Mary was born, our sister Sarah then 
being about eight years of age ; in 1799 we lived in 
I the Foxcroft house in Cambridge, where our sister 
Mary died, July 26, and in the same year our grand- 
mother Adams, whose maiden name was Chauncy, — 
the same year General Washington died, — the death 
of both I distinctly remember. The next year we 

lawyer of Portland. The marriage was not a happy one. They soon 
separated, and she resumed her maiden name. 



36 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

lived in the Holmes house, owned by Rev. Abie! 
Holmes, who was an inmate of our family, and a 
great favorite with us children, Sarah then being 
ten, you eight, and myself six years of age. One day 
he invited us into his study, and placed Sarah on a 
stool, which I suppose he had selected for declama- 
tion, when she recited Pope's " Messiah " in a very 
approving manner ; our attempt, I think, was not so 
happy, but sufficiently so to elicit from him a book 
each, mine being " The Life of Sir Charles Grandi- 
son." I think the above Rev. A. Holmes was father of 
the renowned O. W. Holmes, While we lived in Cam- 
bridge, our sister spent much of her time with Mrs. 
Caleb Gannett, who had two daughters, Catherine 
and Eliza, and two sons, Thomas and Ezra Stiles, 
now I think in Boston. Mrs. Gannett, I think, was 
sister to President Stiles of Yale College, after whom 
her son was named. President Willard was the 
President of Harvard College. The next year we 

moved to the Cunningham house, Street, near 

Dr. Lathrop's meeting-house, Boston. The next 
move was to Eliot Street, at the South End, near 
West Street. Here Charles was born, July 3, 1802, 
when we moved to Groton, and lived in the family 
of Rev. Daniel Chaplin, and we children attended 
Groton Academy, Mr. Butler, principal. We (you 
and I) for some reason boarded with a Mr. Tarbell, 
who lived about midway between Mr. Chaplin's and 
the academy. Mr. Tarbell had a son Thomas and a 
daughter Martha. The next house was that of Hon. 
Timothy Bigelow, who had two sons, Andrew and 
John, and a daughter Catherine, whom I well remem- 




MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 37 

ber as honoring me, speaking dialogues in the acad- 
emy hall, and, I think, once at an exhibition in the 
meeting-house. I have not seen her since. At this 
place and time our sister Sarah being twelve years 
of age, she was a great favorite with us all, though 
her general deportment was considered rather pen- 
sive and demure ; but the more attractive and ensas:- 
ing from a graceful dignity of manners. ... I was 
with her much of the time in 18 12-13, and ^^^ Law- 
rence family, from the good deacon to the youngest, 
were much endeared to me by the kind and affection- 
ate regard they always expressed. ... It was in 
August or September, 1802, I first saw Mr. Amos 
Lawrence in Groton in company with a young man 
by the name of Jonas Brown, then both apprentices 
to Mr. James Brazer. They, and a few other young 
gentlemen, one of whom was a young Rufus Langly, 
were very kind and attentive, and the latter w^as very 
marked in his attentions to our sister, whose extreme 
coyness was quite a foil to his ardency to become 
better acquainted. . . . About 181 2 we (you and I), 
moved to Rhode Island and established ourselves 
there during the war, when our father, in Boston, and 
a Mr. More, were engaged in making cabinet mount- 
ings, etc. ; commodes of lion-head patterns, etd. 

Affec. yours, 

A. A. Richards. 

REV. AMOS ADAMS 

The Rev. Amos Adams, whose daughter Sarah 
married Giles Richards, was the eldest of eleven 
children of Henry and Jemima (Morse) Adams, and 



38 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

was born at Medfield, Mass., Sept. i, 1728. His 
great-grandfather, Henry Adams, born in England in 
1604, came to this country with his eight sons, and 
settled at Medfield, where he served as the first town 
clerk, chief military officer, selectman, and represent- 
ative to the General Court. He was slain by the 
Indians at his own doorway during King Philip's 
war, Feb. 21, 1676. His wife, Elizabeth (Paine) 
Adams, who had taken refuge in the minister's 
house at Medfield, was mortally wounded a few hours 
after, by the accidental discharge of a gun in the 
hands of a soldier. 

Rev. Amos Adams was a graduate of Harvard in 

1752, and was ordained minister of the First Church 
in Roxbury, Sept. 12, 1753. He m. (first), Oct. 18, 

1753, Elizabeth Prentiss (b. Oct. 17, 1727), fifth child 
of Deacon Henry and Elizabeth (Rand) Prentiss of 
Cambridge, Mass. Sarah, the youngest of their eight 
children (b. at Roxbury, March 26, 1769), m. Giles 
Richards. Mrs. Elizabeth (Prentiss) Adams d. Aug. 
10, 1769. Mr. Adams m. (second), Feb. 15, 1770, 
Mrs. Abigail Mears. She d. and he m. (third), July 
16, 1 77 1, Sarah, the third and youngest child of Rev. 
Charles Chauncy, D. D. (i 705-1 787), pastor of the 
First Church in Boston, and a descendant and name- 
sake of the second president of Harvard College, and 
Elizabeth (Hirst) Chauncy. They had no children. 
Mrs. Sarah (Chauncy) Adams d. at Cambridge in 
July, 1799. 

Mr. Adams is described as " an energetic preacher, 
having an extremely sonorous and plaintive voice, 
and notwithstanding the length of his sermons 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 39 

and his plainness of speech, he was popular in the 
pulpit, and had great influence over the people. He 
was an ardent patriot, and secretary of the conven- 
tion of ministers at Watertown which recommended 
to the people to take up arms." He was chaplain of 
Colonel David Brewer's Ninth Continental Regiment. 
His death occurred Oct. 5, 1775, and was due to a 
fever, occasioned by over-exertion and exposure dur- 
ing the performance of his official duties. 

An obituary notice of Rev. Amos Adams, which 
appeared in the " Boston Gazette," reads as follows : 
" He spent his time and strength with pleasure, in the 
service of a grateful people, till by the distress of the 
times they were dispersed, and he himself was obliged 
to leave his habitation and pulpit ; from which time 
his labors were increased, but through an affection 
for the people of his charge, he performed them with 
cheerfulness, attending the small remainder of his 
flock every Sunday, though his family was removed 
to a distance, among his friends." 

The old parsonage occupied by Mr. Adams at 
Roxbury is still standing, on the north side of Eliot 
Square, fronting the church. It is placed well back 
from the street, and is shaded by some fine old trees. 
The house was built by Rev. Oliver Peabody, who 
died in 1752. 

At the beginning of the siege of Boston, in 1775, 
the right wing of the American army was at Rox- 
bury, with its main post on Meeting-House Hill, 
while the commander. General John Thomas, made 
the parsonage his headquarters. For this purpose 
it was admirably adapted, as its rear windows com- 



40 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

manded a view of the British works on the Neck, and 
of the heights of Charlestown. From these windows 
General Thomas and his officers witnessed the battle 
of Bunker Hill/ Of late years the house has been 
the residence of Charles K. Dillaway, Esq. It is 
earnestly hoped that this historic mansion may long 
be preserved as a memorial of Revolutionary days. 

From the Boston Gazette, Oct. i6, 1775 

'* Died, last Thursday night, after a short illness, 
in Dorchester; Rev. Amos Adams, pastor of the ist 
Church of Christ in Roxbury; aged 48, and in the 
23d of his Ministry. His family, as well as his church 
and people, now driven into various parts of the coun- 
try, refuse to be comforted." 

From the Columbian Centinel, July 10, 1799 

" On Monday last was entombed the remains of 
that truly pious and amiable lady, Miss [Mrs.] Sarah 
Adams, relict of the late Rev. Mr. Adams of Rox- 
bury, and daughter of that great Divine, the late Rev. 
Dr. Chauncy." 

From the same, July 6, 1799 

•' Died, July, 1799, Mrs. Sarah (Chauncy) Adams, re- 
lict of the late Rev. Mr. Adams of Roxbury. Funeral 
from the house of Giles Richards, at Cambridge." 

FAMILY NO. 5 

7. Mary, m., July 28, 1818, Rev. Samuel Wood- 
bury (b. at Salem, N. H., Dec. 21, 1784; A. B., Dart- 

^ Francis S. Drake, The Town of Roxbury, 1878, p. 310. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 41 

mouth College, 181 1 ; ordained pastor of the Congre- 
gational Church, North Yarmouth, Me., Nov. 5, 181 7 ; 
I d. at Groton, July 6, 18 19). 
They had one daughter, 

30. Sarah Lawrence, b. Sept. 20, 18 19, who m., 
March 10, 1841, at the Lawrence Mansion, Farmer's 
Row, in Groton, Rev. David Fosdick, Jr., and had 
the following : 

31. I. Samuel Woodbury, b. at Sterling, Mass., 
Dec. 10, 1841 ; m., Feb. 8, 1865, at Groton, Christina 
Dakin Caryl, daughter of Alexander Hamilton and 
Elizabeth (Kip) Caryl. She was born at Buffalo, N. Y., 
July 22, 1840; and was postmistress at Groton from 
July 2, 1880. She d. at Groton, Aug. 21, 1902. 

Samuel Woodbury Fosdick received early instruc- 
tion from his father, and did not attend any school 
or college. His brother Charles wrote as follows 
regarding him : " My brother Samuel had an ex- 
ceedingly bright mind in the line of mathematics 
and was also a good linguist. He could read easily 
and could talk fairly in the French, Spanish, Italian, 

i and German tongues, and he had an excellent know- 
ledge of Greek, Hebrew, and Latin. In mechanics 
he would have made, I think, a leading mind in in- 
vention, but his early death by typhoid fever cut this 

1 short. He had a remarkable memory, and had mem- 
orized almost the entire contents of one or more of 
the mechanical handbooks that were then in exist- 
ence, could repeat whole tables of logarithms and 
other dry figures, in fact had a fondness for memo- 

:l rizing that sort of thing which might be useful to him 
in his chosen line. Minds like his were less common 



42 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

in those days than nowadays, when there are so many 
technical schools, where the information which he 
picked out and assimilated by himself, is taught so 
readily to the students of to-day." He was a one 
third owner of the J. B. Parker Machine Company 
of Clinton, Mass. His death occurred in that town, 
April 3, 1865. 

32. n. Mary, b. at Sterling, Feb. 19, 1844; re- 
sides at Groton, where she has of late been engaged 
in literary work. 

33. HI. George, b. at Sterling, Jan. 14, 1845; 
d. at Groton, Oct. 4, 1848. 

34. IV. Charles, b. at Groton, March 9, 1848; 
m., at Fitchburg, Mass., Oct. i, 1874, Mary Louise 
Snow, daughter of William and Adaline (Willis) 
Snow. 

They have these, born at Fitchburg : 

35. I. Margaret Willis, b. Aug. i, 1875. 

36. 2. Charles Mussey, b. Nov. 15, 1877 ; 
graduate of the Fitchburg High School and of the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology ; assistant 
instructor in the latter. 

37. 3. Elsie Woodbury, b. Aug. 26, 1882. 

38. 4. Marion Lawrence, b. July 31, 1888. 

Charles Fosdick was born in the Lawrence Man- 
sion at Groton, now the residence of James Law- 
rence, Esq. This was also the birthplace of his 
mother, and of his grandmother, Mary (Lawrence) 
Woodbury. He spent his boyhood and early youth 
in Groton, and was taught by his father at home. 
In early manhood he went to Fitchburg, and became 
superintendent of the Fitchburg Steam Engine Com- 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 43 

pany, a position which he has held for thirty years. 
He has been president of the Common Council 
and of the Merchants' Association of that city, and 
a trustee of the Fitchburg Savings Bank. He has 
been much interested in the Fosdick genealogy, 
and has traced his descent, in the ninth generation, 
from Stephen Fosdick, who settled in Charlestown, 
Mass.; also from Elder William Brewster of the 
Mayflower, Rev. Samuel Skelton of Salem, and from 
John Lawrence of Watertown and Groton. 

39. V. Frederick, b. at Groton, April 24, 1850; 
m., at Groton, April 24, 1873, Lucy Maria, daughter 
of Henry and Abigail (Coffin) Hill of Groton. 
They have these, born in Fitchburg : 

! 40. I. Frederick Woodbury, b. April 28, 1875. 
He received his education in the Fitchburg schools, 

( Amherst College, and Harvard Law School. Prac- 
tises law at 28 State Street, Boston. 

41. 2. Nellie, b. Nov. 5, 1878. 

42. 3. Richard Coffin, b. April 20, 1883. 

43. 4. Miriam Eddy, b. Dec. 26, 1890. 
Frederick Fosdick was instructed by his father at 

home in Groton. He is by election an honorary 
alumnus of Middlebury College, Vermont. Coming 
to Fitchburg in 1870, he was for a year in the office 
of the Burleigh Drill Company, and was afterwards 
draughtsman for the Haskins Machine Company. 
When the Fitchburg Steam Engine Company was 
formed he was appointed treasurer and general man- 
ager, and is now its president. He served on the 
i School Committee of Fitchburg for ten years, was 
president of the Common Council for two years, and 



44 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

mayor of the city in 1887-88. He has held other 
official positions, as follows : trustee of the Fitchburg 
Savings Bank, a deacon of the Congregational Church, 
and president of the Young Men's Christian Associ- 
ation in Fitchburg. Member of the Pan-American 
Commission for Massachusetts. He has made occa- 
sional contributions to mechanical and engineering 
journals. 

44. VI. David, b. Dec. 14, 1852; d. at Groton, 
Dec. 21, 1854. 

45. VH. Rose, b. July 24, 1855; d. July 15, 
1870, at Groton. 

46. Vni. Lucy, b. at Groton, Nov. 21, 1858; 
m., at Longwood, June i, 1889, Charles Sedgwick 
Minot of Boston. 

Charles Sedgwick Minot, son of William and 
Katharine (Sedgwick) Minot, was born at West Rox- 
bury, Mass., Dec. 23, 1852. He graduated in the 
chemical course at the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology in 1872, and then made special studies 
in biology at Leipzig, Paris, and Wlirzburg, receiving 
the degree of S. D. from Harvard in 1878, and LL. D. 
from Yale in 1898. He is president of the Ameri- 
can Association for the Advancement of Science, 
and a corresponding member of the British society 
of like name. He is also president of the Boston So- 
ciety of Natural History, a member of the National 
Academy of Science, of the American Academy of 
Arts and Sciences, and of the American Philoso- 
phical Society. He is professor of Histology and 
Human Embryology in Harvard Medical College. 
Author of " A Bibliography of Vertebrate Embry- 



MAJOR SAAIUEL LAWRENCE 45 

ology" (Bos. Soc. of Nat. Hist. Memoirs, vol. iv. 
Boston, 1886-1893); "Human Embryology," New 
York, Wood & Co., 1S92, Macmillan, 1897. 

47. IX. Sarah Woodbury, b. at Groton, Nov. 4, 
i860. Residence at Ware, Mass. 

THE FOSDICK FAMILY 

David Fosdick, Jr., was a descendant in the eighth 
generation from Stephen Fosdick, the first settler 
of the name in this country. He came from the 
east coast of England, near the estuary known as 
" the Wash," to the north of London, where he was 
born in 1583. Arriving in this country about the 
year 1635, he settled in Charlestown, Mass.; and 
was admitted a member of the church there in 1638. 
He had eight children and was apparently a man of 
prominence in the town. Stephen Fosdick died in 
1664. By his will, which is remarkable for its quaint 
wording, he left his wife " 3 pounds every year, 6 cords 
of wood yearly, and cow and cow common to keep 

I the cow on," which cow, it was directed, should "be 
divided after his widow's decease, with the movables." 
He also gave to his grandson Samuel real estate, 

f[ "to him and his heirs male or female, and so to run in 
the generations of the Fosdicks forever; " but so far 
as known this real estate did not run far in the line. 
To another grandson he gave " half a cow and hay 
lot, house and land in Maiden and a wood lot." His 
estate inventory was ;^5oo, which made him a rich 
man for those days. His seventh son, John, was 
born in 1626 and died at the age of 90 in 1716. 
His gravestone can still be seen in the old burying- 



46 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

ground at Charlestown. He was twice married and 
had ten children. His will left "125^ acres in Mai- 
den between Fosdick's Gate and Charlestown below i( 
land," also "eleven acres and 100 poles at the head 
of Fosdick's plain," " i ^^ acres in the first Division 
Stinted Pasture in Charlestown, and 7 acres wood 
lots in Charlestown on Mistic side," beside much 
other real estate. His son Samuel Fosdick, born 
Dec. 15, 1655, was a captain in King Philip's war, 
and married Mercy Pickett, who was the great-grand- 
daughter of Elder William Brewster of Mayflower 
fame, her mother being Ruth Brewster, her grand- 
father Jonathan Brewster, son of Elder William Brew- 
ster. He removed to New London, Conn., where he 
lived many years, finally returning to Charlestown. 1 
His name appears frequently in the New London 
records. Captain Samuel Fosdick received a tract 1 
of land in the town of Westminster, Mass., in return 
for military service during King Philip's war. 

Samuel, a son of the preceding, was a native of 
New London. He was twice married and was the 
father of nine children. His will was proven in 
1 784, and he probably died in that year at the ripe 
old age of 100 years. 

James, his sixth son, was born in 1716; and was 
baptized at New London in 171 7. There is a queer 1 
old advertisement in a newspaper of Dec. 28, 1758, - 
which says that his son, James, Jr., was the victim of J 
burglars. It is as follows : 

Stolen out of the House of the Subscriber living 
at the South end of Boston on Monday evening last, 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 47 

a blue Damask Sack Gown with close Cuffs, lined 
with White Stuff most to the top, a flowered Silk 
Capuchin, with a Pink colour'd Lining, a Garlick 
Shift with Holland sleeves, a white Fustian Jacket 
without sleeves ; also 1 5 dollars and a 50s. piece- 
Whoever will discover the Person or Persons that 
took the above things, so that they may be brought 
to justice and convicted shall receive Ten Dollars as 
a Reward. If any of the above Apparel be offered 
to Sale, it is desired they may be stopped, and notice 
given to the Printer hereof. 

James Fosdick, jun'r. 

James married, at Boston, Elizabeth Darling, and 
died in 1784, aged 68; his wddow died in 1799 at the 
age of 80 years. They had twelve children, one of 
whom, James, served in the Revolutionary war as a 
drummer and fifer, and also in the artillery. His 
daughter Sarah married James Frothingham, of the 
well-known family of that name in Charlestown. 
The son William was in the army, serving three 
years. The eleventh son, David, of the sixth genera- 
tion, lived in Charlestown and also married into the 
Frothingham family, his wife's name being Mary; 
she was a granddaughter of W^illiam Frothingham, 
the first settler of the name in Charlestown. David 
died in 18 12, the father of twelve children, of whom 
his son David, born in 1786 at Charlestown, died at 
Groton in 1872, being nearly 86 years of age. He was 
three times married. His first wife, Joanna Skelton 
of Billerica, was a direct descendant, six generations, 
from Rev. Samuel Skelton, born in England, a man 



48 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

of great prominence in Salem, Mass., and one of the 
King's Councillors. 

David Fosdick, Jr., second son of Deacon David 
and Joanna (Skelton) Fosdick, was born at Charles- 
town, Mass., Nov. 9, 1813. He attended private 
schools in Charlestown, and Bradford Academy, 
graduated at Amherst College in 1831, and entered 
the Andover Theological Seminary. After several 
years' residence in Andover, Brookline, and Groton, 
during which time he was engaged in teaching and 
literary work, he was ordained pastor of the Unitarian 
Church at Sterling, Mass., March 3, 1841, and re- 
tained that position several years. He was installed 
as pastor of the HoUis Street Church in Boston, 
March 3, 1846, succeeding Rev. John Pierpont. Here 
he remained for some eighteen months, his farewell 
sermon being preached Sept. 19, 1847. He then 
took up his residence in Groton, where he devoted 
himself to the education of his children. In 1854 
he organized a Unitarian church at Groton Junc- 
tion, which was called " the South Groton Christian 
Union," of which he retained the charge for six years. 
He served also on the Groton School Committee, and 
was a linguist of superior attainments, being able, it 
was said, to read fluently in thirteen languages. Mr. 
Fosdick compiled French and German grammars, a 
German and English dictionary, and was a diligent 
translator of foreign works, among which may be 
mentioned " Proofs of the Genuineness of the Writ- j| 
ings of the New Testament, from the German of 
Hermann Olshausen (i 796-1839). Andover: Gould 
& Newman, 1838." 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 49 

Mrs. Sarah Lawrence (Woodbury) Fosdick died at 
Groton, Nov. 25, i860, and he married (second) Mrs. 
Jane AppHn of Groton, who died June 13, 1879. 

His death occurred at Groton, Jan. 28, 1892. 

FAMILY NO. 6 

8. Abbott, m., June 28, 18 19, Katharine, eldest 
daughter of Hon. Timothy Bigelow of Medford, 
Mass., and Lucy (Prescott) Bigelow. 

Their children : 

48. L Annie Bigelow, b. April 28, 1820. Fam- 
ily No. 17. Boston. 

49. n. James, b. at Boston, Dec. 6, 182 1. Fam- 
ily No. 18. Boston. 

50. HI. George, b. at Boston, April 16, 1824; d. 
Aug. 7, 1824. 

51. IV. JohnAbbott,b. at Boston, June II, 1825; 
d. June 22, 1826. 

52. V. Timothy Bigelow, b. at Boston, Nov. 22, 
1826. 

Timothy Bigelow Lawrence received Instruction 
from Messrs. Thayer and Gushing at Chauncy Hall 
School in Boston, and was admitted to Harvard Gol- 
lege, Aug. 27, 1842, at the age of fifteen, graduat- 
ing Aug. 26, 1846. Served as aide-de-camp on the 
staff of Governor George Nixon Briggs. He mar- 
ried (first), Dec. 5, 1848, Sallie Ward of Louisville, 
Ky. (daughter of Robert F. Ward, Esq.), who was 
noted for her personal charms and beauty. A legal 
separation followed not long after. He married (sec- 
ond), March 16, 1854, Elizabeth Chapman, eldest 



50 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

daughter of Judge Henry and Elizabeth Stewart 
Chapman of Bucks County, Pennsylvania, who sur- 
vived him. 

In 1849 he accompanied his father to England, 
and served efficiently as an attache of the American 
Legation in London, continuing in service under the 
Hon. James Buchanan, afterwards President of the 
United States, and until his father's death in 1855, 
when he returned home. During the ensuing years 
he travelled abroad extensively. 

At the outbreak of the Rebellion, he offered his 
services to Governor Andrew, and was also active in 
the organization of the famous Nims Battery. He 
was for a time on the staff of Gen. Erasmus D. 
Keyes, and participated in the campaign of 1861, 
under Gen. George B. McClellan, but was soon 
obliged to withdraw from active service in the army 
on account of his deafness. 

In 1862 he was appointed consul-general of the 
United States in Italy, having his residence at Flor- 
ence. This position he filled with marked ability 
and success, being well qualified therefor by his na- 
tive courtesy, tact, and hospitality, as well as by his 
diplomatic experience and knowledge of the world, j 
gained by travel. His death occurred at Washing- I 
ton, D. C, during a visit on official business, March 
21, 1869. 

The following extract from the " Boston Atlas " of 
Nov. 4, 1852, may be appropriately given here. It 
was written soon after the return of Hon, Abbott 
Lawrence from England: 

" Nor can we withhold our expression of regard 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 51 

for, and our cordial welcome to, Colonel Bigelow 
Lawrence, whose connection with the embassy has 
given opportunity for the display of his many excel- 
lent qualities of head and heart. We were hoping 
that he would have continued abroad as secretary to 
the new Minister, however much we should have 
missed him at home. The experience which he has 
had, and the popularity he has gained among Ameri- 
cans who have visited London during his sojourn 
there, would have made his appointment most ac- 
ceptable." 

Mr. Lawrence, during his long residence abroad, 
was greatly interested in forming his fine collection 
of armor and weapons, which was to be seen at his 
house in Beacon Street, and is referred to by Arthur 
Dexter in the following extract from a chapter on 
" The Fine Arts in Boston," in The Memorial His- 
tory of Boston, vol. iv. pp. 404, 405 : 

" The foundation of the Museum of Fine Arts was 
the most important step ever taken in Boston for 
the promotion of art. In 1869, when Colonel T. B. 
Lawrence bequeathed his valuable collection of arms 
and armor to the Atheneeum, it was plain that the 
time had come when a new building was necessary 
for the Art Gallery. Mrs. Lawrence at once offered 
to contribute twenty-five thousand dollars ; Harvard 
College agreed to place temporarily in it the Gray 
collection of engravings; and the trustees of the 
Public Library, the Institute of Technology, and the 
Lowell Institute offered assistance. An act of incor- 
poration was procured, and trustees appointed early 
in 1870. A lot of land had some years before been 



52 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

given by the Water Power Company to the city for a 
Fine Arts Institute or Public Square, which the city 
now presented to the trustees, with the condition 
that the building should be open to all on four days 
in each month." 

A plan submitted by Sturgis & Brigham having 
been selected, the centre and one wing, being a sixth 
part of the whole design, were built, and the Art 
Museum was formally opened to the public, July 3, 
1876. Meantime the Lawrence armor had been de- 
stroyed in the great fire of Nov., 1872, but with the 
insurance money a collection of carvings and em- 
broideries was bought. Mrs. Lawrence, besides her 
donation of money, contributed " a room of rare old 
English panelling." 

53. VL Abbott b. Sept. 9, 1828. Family No. 

19. Boston. 

54. Vn. Katharine Bigelow, b. Feb. 21, 1832. 
Family No. 20. Boston. 

Mrs. Katharine (Bigelow) Lawrence was born May 

20, 1793. The date of her death was Aug. 21, i860. 
The Hon. Abbott Lawrence, seventh child of 

Samuel and Susanna (Parker) Lawrence, was born at 
Groton, Dec. 16, 1792. He received early instruc- 
tion at the district school and at Groton Academy, 
which he entered in 1805, when twelve years of age. 
Thus the educational advantages which he had were 
but meagre. Meanwhile in the summer seasons he 
worked on his father's farm. In 1808, at the age of 
fifteen, he was sent to Boston, and became an ap- 
prentice in the store of his brother Amos, who was 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 53 

already established in business on what was then 
Cornhill, now a part of Washington Street. After 
several years' service as apprentice and chief clerk, 
upon his coming of age, he was admitted to part- 
nership with his brother; and the firm of A. & A. 
Lawrence was formed Jan. i, 18 14. Their business 
was the importation and sale of foreign manufactures. 

At the outbreak of the war with England, Abbott 
Lawrence assisted in the organization of the New 
England Guards, one of the foremost military com- 
panies of the day in Massachusetts, and in return for 
services rendered during the war, at the Charlestown 
Navy Yard and elsewhere, he received a grant of 
land from the United States government. At this 
time he seriously contemplated entering the army, 
and applied to the War Department for a commis- 
sion, but before a reply was received came the news 
of peace. Being intrusted with the negotiation of an 
'important purchase of goods at Manchester, England, 
he embarked in March, 181 5, on the fine ship Milo, 
which was the first vessel sailing for the mother 
country from the port of Boston after the termination 
of hostilities. 

Through his energetic dispatch of the business in 
hand Mr. Lawrence was enabled to ship his pur- 
chases by the packet Milo on her return voyage, and 
they reached Boston and were sold at a large profit 
within three months from the time of his sailinsr. 
Before returning home he visited the Continent, and 
saw the allied armies immediately after their victory 
at Waterloo. In the early years of his business 
career he made several other successful trips to Eng- 



54 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

land. The firm of A. & A. Lawrence later became 
interested in the Lowell cotton mills, and were large 
owners in the Suffolk, Lawrence, and Tremont com- 
panies. Mr. Lawrence married, June 28, 1819, 
Katharine, eldest daughter of Hon. Timothy Bige- 
low of Medford. 

He was preeminently a public-spirited citizen and 
became actively interested in various matters affect- 
ing the welfare of the community. He was a mem- 
ber of the Boston Common Council in 1831, and 
three years later was elected as representative to the 
twenty-sixth Congress, serving two years as an influ- 
ential member of the Committee of Ways and Means. 
Declinine a reelection, he returned to Boston and 
again engaged in business. Two years later he was 
reelected and took his seat in the House, but soon 
after his arrival in Washington he was taken ill of 
typhus fever, and was obliged to resign in Sept., 
1840. Mr. Lawrence was appointed a commissioner, 
in the year 1842, by the State of Massachusetts, to 
determine the so-called " northeastern boundary " of 
the State, the present dividing line between Maine 
and Canada. Lord Ashburton was the representa- 
tive of Great Britain, and as a result of their confer- 
ence this difficult question was settled in a manner 
satisfactory to both governments. On July i, 1843, 
Mr. Lawrence, accompanied by his wife and eldest 
daughter, sailed for Europe on the Cunard steam- 
ship Columbia, which was wrecked on Black Ledge, 
near Seal Island, off the western coast of Nova 
Scotia. The passengers were landed safely on the 
island and after several days were taken to Halifax 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 55 

by the steamer Margaret, thence proceeding by the 
Cunarder Hibernia to England. The party spent 
the summer in Great Britain and returned to Boston 
in October following. 

Mr. Lawrence was energetic in advocating the in- 
troduction of an adequate supply of pure water for 
the city of Boston. His views on this subject at 
length prevailed, and " on the twenty-fifth of October, 
1848, under the mayoralty of the younger Quincy, 
the Cochituate water was brought to Boston." 

In the year 1847 he gave the sum of fifty thousand 
dollars to Harvard, to found the Scientific School 
which bears his name, as a separate department of 
the University, and by his will he bequeathed a like 
sum to the same institution. He also made a be- 
quest of fifty thousand dollars for the erection of 
model lodging houses for the poor on East Canton 
Street, Boston, and one of ten thousand dollars to 
the Boston Public Library. He likewise established 
the " Lawrence prizes " for meritorious students of the 
Public Latin and High Schools of Boston. 

The honorary degree of Doctor of Laws was con- 
ferred upon him by Williams College in 1852, and by 
Harvard two years later. Soon after the inauguration 
of President Zachary Taylor, in 1849, Mr. Lawrence 
was offered the position of Secretary of the Navy, 
and later that of Secretary of the Interior, both of 
which he declined. Afterwards he accepted the post 
of Minister to England, the highest in the diplomatic 
service, and sailed from Boston Sept. 26, with Mrs. 
Lawrence and their daughter Katharine. The duties 
of this most important station were performed by 



S6 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

him with consummate tact and ability, thereby pro- 
moting and strengthening the friendly relations be- 
tween the two countries. After three years' service, 
he resigned his charge and returned home in Oct., 
1852. In the autumn of 1854 Mr. Lawrence had a 
recurrence of the malady which he had contracted at 
Washington many years before, and which was the 
cause of his death in Boston, Aug. 18, 1855. 

At a public meeting of citizens, held in Faneuil 
Hall, Aug. 20, speeches were made by Hon. Robert 
C. Winthrop, Hon. Edward Everett, and others, 
highly eulogistic of the character and services of 
Abbott Lawrence. Mr. Winthrop, in the course of 
his address, said : " His name was a tower of strength 
to every good cause, and was never given to a bad 
one. His noble bearing and genial presence seemed 
the very embodiment of an enlarged and enlightened 
public spirit." Mr. Everett said : " Such he was, — 
so kind, so noble, so complete in all that makes a 
man ; and the ultimate source of all this goodness, 
its vital principle, that which brought all his qualities 
into harmonious relation, was religious principle — 
the faith, the hope of the gospel." The daily press 
of New England and of other portions of the coun- 
try devoted much space to laudatory notices of Mr. 
Lawrence, whose nobility of character, integrity, 
public spirit, and genial disposition bound him with 
the strong ties of affection to his fellow-citizens. 

The Hon. Timothy Bigelow, whose eldest daugh- 
ter, Katharine, married Hon. Abbott Lawrence, was 
the second child of Colonel Timothy Bigelow and 
Anna (Andrews) Bigelow. He was born at Worces- 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 57 

ter, Mass., April 30, 1767, and graduated in 1786 at 
Harvard. Being admitted to the bar three years 
after, he entered upon the practice of law in Groton, 
and soon attained eminence in his profession. Mr. 
Bigelow was also active in politics as a member of 
the Federalist party, and was a representative from 
Groton to the General Court from 1793 to 1806, 
with the exception of one year, and from Medford, 
whither he removed in 1806, during twelve years. 
He held the ofiftce of speaker for eleven years. 

Hon. Timothy Bigelow married, Sept. 3, 1791, 
Lucy, sixth child of Dr. Oliver and Lydia (Baldwin) 
Prescott of Groton. He was one of the founders of 
Groton Academy, and an original member of its 
board of trustees. His death occurred at Medford, 
May 18, 182 1. (A fuller account of Mr. Bigelow 
may be found in Groton Historical Series, vol. iii. pp. 
208-211, by Samuel Abbott Green, M. D.) 

FAMILY NO. 7 

9. Eliza, m., at Groton, Jan. 5, 1824, Dr. Joshua 
Green. 

Their children : 

55. I. William Lawrence, b. at Sunderland, 
Mass., Oct. 28, 1824; d. at Groton, Aug. 28, 1825. 

56. II. William Lawrence, b. at Groton, Aug. 
22, 1826; d. at Groton, Oct. 21, 1847. He was of 
the firm of Jewett, Tebbetts & Green of Boston, and 
one of the most interesting and promising young men 
in the community. " He had endeared himself to a 
large circle of friends, and possessed such qualities 



I 



58 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

of mind and heart as had made him the stay and 
hope of his parents in their declining years." 

57. III. Henry Atkinson, b. at Groton, April 29, 
1828; m., at Fishkill Landing, N. Y., Nov. 25, 1857, 
Emily, daughter of Dr. John and Lydia Maria (Brett) 
Wagner of Charleston, S. C. She d. Jan. 4, 1885. 

They had : 

58. I. Caroline Sargent, b. Dec. 18, 1859, who 
m., at Boston, Sept. 15, 1885, WiUiam Appleton 
Meredith, M. D. 

Their children : 

59. i. Frances Amory, b. at London, Sept. 26, 
1886. 

60. ii. Gertrude Emily, b. at London, July 13, 
1888. 

61. iii- William Morris, b. at London, June 21, 
1891. 

William Appleton Meredith, son of Samuel Og- 
den and Frances Maria (Amory) Meredith, was born 
at New York, N. Y., March 3, 1848. He received 
instruction from a private tutor, and at college in 
Boulogne-sur-Mer, France. Later he attended Uni- 
versity College, London, Eng., and the University 
of Edinburgh. He is senior surgeon to the Samari- 
tan Hospital for Women, London, and Fellow of the 
Royal College of Surgeons, London, and of several 
medical societies. M. B., C. M., University of Edin- 
burgh. Dr. Meredith is the author of various publi- 
cations on abdominal surgery. Residence, London, 
Eng. 

62. 2. William Lawrence, b. at Boston, Dec. 
7, 1 86 1, who m., at Albany, N. Y., Jan. 9, 1889, Har- 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 59 

riet Lloyd, daughter of A. Bleecker Banks, Esq., of 
Albany, and Phoebe (Wells) Banks. 

William Lawrence Green was educated at Boston 
schools, and under a private tutor, and was for a 
time a member of the Harvard Class of 1884. He 
made a trip around the world in 1886-87. Since his 
marriage he has been in the publishing business in 
Albany, N. Y. 
I Henry Atkinson Green spent his boyhood in 
Groton, and was a student in Lawrence Academy 
from 1833 to 1842. After leaving that institution, he 
passed a year in a country store. In 1846 he came 
to Boston, and began business with Messrs. Wilkin- 
son, Stetson & Co., dry goods commission merchants, 
, and afterwards became a partner in the house of 
Mackintosh, Green & Co., remaining with the same 
concern, under its various titles, for thirty-five years. 
He was also a director of the Washington National 
Bank of Boston. Of commanding stature and strik- 
1 ing personality, his kindly disposition and agreeable 
I manners made him a general favorite, while his strict 
I business integrity gained for him the esteem of the 
community. He died at Boston, Jan. 8, 1891. 

63. IV. Samuel Abbott, b. at Groton, March 16, 
1830. 

The Hon. Samuel Abbott Green is a descendant 
of Percival and Ellen Green, who came to America 
in 1635, ^^^ were living in Cambridge the following 
year. He received instruction at Lawrence Acad- 
emy, Groton, and was admitted to Harvard, Aug. 24, 
1847, and graduated with the Class of 185 1. Soon 
after leaving college he began the study of medicine 



6o THE DESCENDANTS OF 

under the tuition of Dr. J. Mason Warren, and the 
ensuing winter he attended lectures at the Jefferson 
Medical College in Philadelphia. He then entered 
the Harvard Medical School, graduating in 1854, 
after which he continued his studies in Paris. After 
four years abroad, he returned home and began the 
practice of medicine in Boston, serving meanwhile as 
a district physician of the Boston Dispensary. He 
was appointed surgeon of the Second Regiment, 
M. V. M., by Gov. N. P. Banks, May 19, 1858, and 
at the beginning of the Rebellion he was commis- 
sioned assistant surgeon of the First Regiment, 
M. V. M., and w^as promoted, Sept. 2, 1861, surgeon 
of the Twenty-fourth Regiment, Massachusetts Vol- 
unteers, retaining the latter position for more than 
three years. In Jan., 1862, he had charge of the hos- 
pital ship Recruit, which was attached to the Burn- 
side expedition to Roanoke Island, and was also in 
charge of the hospital ship Cosmopolitaii, off the 
South Carolina coast. He served also as chief 
medical officer on Morris Island, during the siege of 
Fort Wagner. In Oct., 1863, Dr. Green was sta- 
tioned at St. Augustine and Jacksonville, Fla., as 
post-surgeon, and later he was sent to Virginia, 
being with the army at the capture of Bermuda 
Hundred. After the fall of Richmond he served as t 
staff surgeon in that city for three months. Dr. 
Green was brevetted lieutenant-colonel of Volunteers 
" for gallant and distinguished services in the field 
during the campaign of 1864." He resigned from 
the army, July 9, 1865, and after the war served for 
seven years as superintendent of the Boston Dispen- 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 61 

' sary, and for nine years as a member of the Boston 
School Committee. He was also a trustee of the 
Public Library from 1868 to 1878, and acting libra- 
rian for one year. From 1871 till 1880 he was city 
physician, mayor of Boston in 1882, and an overseer 
oT Harvard College from 1869 to 1880, and again 
from 1882 to 1900. He has been the librarian of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society since 1868, and 
its vice-president since 1895. Dr. Green was ap- 
pointed a trustee of the Peabody Educational Fund, 
and secretary of the board, in 1883, and has con- 
tinued to hold these positions. He has also been a 
member of the State Board of Health, Lunacy, and 
Charity, and one of the Massachusetts commissioners 
appointed under chapter 60 of the Resolves of 1884, 
" to investigate the condition of the records, files, 
papers, and documents in the State Department." 

Dr. Green is the author of a large number of pub- 
lications relating to his native town. Among the 
more important of these are the following: "Epi- 
taphs from the Old Burying Ground in Groton, 
Mass.," 1878; "The Early Records of Groton, 
Mass. (1662-1707)," 1880; "Groton during the In- 
dian Wars," 1883; "Groton Historical Series," 4 
volumes, 1887-1899; "Groton during the Revolu- 
tion," 1900. He also prepared an account of the 
History of Medicine in Massachusetts, for the 
"Memorial History of Boston," published in 1881. 

63a. V. Elizabeth Lawrence, b. at Groton, 
June 5, 1832; m., Oct. 5, 1854, John Kendall (b. 
April 17, 1833; graduate Dartmouth College, 1853; 
son of the Hon. Amos and Jane (Kyle) Kendall of 



62 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Washington, D. C. He d. Dec. 7, 1 861, at Wash- 
ington). She m. (second), Sept. 8, 1862, Dr. Charles 
Young Swan of New York (b. at Belfast Ireland, 
June 25, 1833, a son of William and Mary (Lyttle) 
Swan ; graduate N. Y. College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, 1856; d. Oct. 7, 1900). Mrs. Elizabeth 
Lawrence (Green) Swan d. at Morristown, N. J., 
March 29, 1882. 

63b. VI. Joshua, b. at Groton, May 7, 1834; d. 
Feb. 13, 1846. 

Dr. Joshua Green, a son of Joshua and Mary 
(Mosley) Green, was born at Wendell, Franklin 
County, Mass., Oct. 8, 1797. He was a student at 
New Salem, Westfield, and Milton academies, and a 
graduate of Harvard College, Class of 18 18, and of, 
the Medical School in 182 1. In the autumn of the 
latter year he assumed the duties of apothecary at 
the Massachusetts General Hospital, then newly i 
opened, serving also as a house-physician and house- 
surgeon for one year. He first practised medicine j 
at Sunderland, a village near Wendell, but removed 
to Groton in the spring of 1825, about a year after 
his marriage to Eliza Lawrence, which took place at 
Groton, Jan. 5, 1824. Here he continued in the 
practice of his profession until the year 1832, when 
he was obliged to relinquish it, owing to impaired 
health. In 1836 and 1837 he represented Groton in; 
the legislature, and was for thirty-six years a trustee • 
of Lawrence Academy, serving often as secretary or ■ 
president of the board. Dr. Green was much inter- 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 63 

ested in antiquarian and genealogical subjects, and 
was chosen a corresponding member of the New 
England Historic Genealogical Society, Aug. 18, 
1849. He died at the home of his daughter, in Mor- 
ristown, N. J., June 5, 1875. Mrs. Eliza (Lawrence) 
Green died at Groton, Aug. 20, 1874. (See Groton 
Historical Series, by Samuel Abbott Green, M. D., 
vol. ii. p. 140, and vol. iii. pp. 20-22.) 

FAMILY NO. 8 

10. Samuel, m., April 2, 1833, at Baltimore, Md., 
Alison, daughter of William and Mary (Nisbet) 
Turnbull of Philadelphia. 

Their children : 

64. I. Charles, b. at Boston, May 27, 1835; ^• 
at Lowell, Mass., April 15, 1842. 

65. n. Henry, b. at Boston, April 28, 1837; m., at 
New York, June 26, 1871, Marie Therese, daughter 
of Dr. Joseph and Sophie Russell (Sterry) Mauran 
of Providence, R. L 

Henry Lawrence attended school in Lowell and 
Boston, and in Paris, France. He was for a time a 
member of the Harvard Class of 1858, being ad- 
mitted Aug. 31, 1854, but left college during the sec- 
ond term of the Freshman year, and went abroad for 
his health. Returning home, he was with the firm 
of Jewett, Tebbetts & Co., Boston, until the late 
spring of 1857, when he sailed from Boston on 
the American ship Amazo7i, loaded with lumber, 
bound for Melbourne, Australia. Everything went 
well until the morning of the sixtieth day, off Cape 



64 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Saint Roque, the easternmost point of Brazil, when 
the vessel was found to be leaking. The ship's com- 
pany consisted of the captain, two mates, ten seamen 
before the mast, the cook, and the subject of this 
sketch. All hands had to take their turn at the 
pumps. On the second day after the leak was dis- 
covered, four of the sailors refused to work, using 
threatening language to the captain and others, but 
after considerable resistance they were put in irons ; 
a consultation was held, and it was determined to 
make for Rio Janeiro. Early on the morning of the 
fourth day thereafter, the " Sugar Loaf " rock at the 
entrance of the harbor of Rio was sighted. The 
ship's signals of distress were seen from the shore, 
and powerful tugs towed her up to the city, where 
she was condemned as unseaworthy. After the 
lapse of four months, the Swedish barque Hoppet 
was chartered, the cargo reshipped, and after a voyage 
of sixty days, Melbourne was reached. While in Rio 
Janeiro, Mr. Lawrence stayed for a while at the house 
of the American consul, who lived at Botafogo, one 
of the city's attractive suburbs, and with him many 
pleasant trips were taken. Among the more notable 
places visited was Petropolis, which was reached by 
railway over the Pedro Segundo road, so called in 
honor of the Emperor of Brazil, Dom Pedro II. It 
was Mr. Lawrence's privilege to meet the Emperor 
and Empress frequently, both being most hospitable 
and kind-hearted. 

On arrival at Melbourne, letters and advices from 
Boston announced the great financial crisis of the 
summer of 1857, in which disaster, among many large 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 6$ 

mercantile firms crippled thereby, was the house of 
Lawrence, Stone & Co. Therefore, instead of be- 
ing provided with plenty of funds, Mr. Lawrence 
found himself without a dollar. He obtained a copy 
of the Melbourne " Argus," at that time the most im- 
portant journal of the Australian colonies, and there 
read an advertisement wherein the services of a 
young and active man were desired as groom, the 
wages being fixed at two pounds sterling a week. 
This position he obtained, and worked for three 
months in that capacity, sleeping in the stable. 

An American firm, doing a trucking business from 
Melbourne to the several diggings, made him an of- 
fer to drive one of their six-horse teams on the Ben- 
digo road, to take provisions up and bring back wool, 
hides, and leather. This offer was accepted, at ten 
pounds sterling a week, and he continued this work 
for six months, in the mean time making the ac- 
quaintance of the drivers, who were also owners, of 
the American line of mail coaches over the same 
route from Melbourne to Sandhurst or Bendigo, 
about one hundred miles. Mr. Lawrence applied 
for a situation as driver, contributing his share to 
the partnership fund, and received as wages twenty 
pounds weekly, taking the royal mail, with six horses, 
every other afternoon from Melbourne, returning the 
following afternoon from Sandhurst. The trip occu- 
pied eleven hours, changing horses every ten miles. 

He continued this business for four months, when 
he fell in with a very energetic young American 
from Natchez, Miss., who was engaged in the live 
stock business, buying horses, cattle, and sheep, driv- 



66 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

ing them overland from the stations, and selling 
them on the hoof at the various diggings. The life 
of a drover, so called, or rancher, is of necessity one 
of great exposure to weather and all sorts of perils. 
Mr. Lawrence had several encounters with the na- 
tives, once being wounded quite seriously, and for| 
eleven months in the year he did not sleep in a 
house, camping nearly all the time. The distance 
travelled on the several trips varied, the longest one 
being eight hundred miles from the northern part of 
Queensland, through New South Wales to the river 
Murray at Moama, on the borders of Victoria. Some- 
times there would be three droves on the route at 
once, separated by a few miles. The settlers or ^ 
squatters, who lease from the government large i 
tracts of land for the raising and grazing of their 'J 
herds, are principally English and Scotch, some of '■^ 
them native born, but it was not considered comme il 
faut to ask who so-and-so's father was, or when and 
why he came to Australia. Some of the most re- 
spected and respectable station-holders were sent out 
from England for greater or less offences against the 
Crown. After several years of bush life, the longing 
for home became irresistible, and in the early part of 
1863 Mr. Lawrence left Melbourne for London, in 
the Black Ball liner Donald Mackay, sailing eastward 
through the South Pacific, around Cape Horn and 
thence to England, sighting the Lizard lighthouses 
after a voyage of one hundred and twenty days. He 
spent a few days in London, and then embarked for 
New York, where he arrived safe and sound, after 
an absence of six years. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 67 

Mr. Lawrence was for a time in business with his 
father, and also with Messrs. D. Appleton & Co., in 
New York. Since 187 1 he has devoted himself 
largely to sketching and drawing. He resided in 
Brooklyn, L. I., for some twenty years, but since 
1895 Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence have made their home 
in Newport, R. L, where he d. March 7, 1904. 

66. III. George, b. at Lowell, Jan. 22, 1839. 
George Lawrence prepared for college at the 

school of Mr. T. G. Bradford in Boston, and gradu- 
ated at Harvard in 1859. He engaged in business 
in Baltimore and New York. From Aug., 1861, 
until Oct., 1S64, he served as assistant paymaster 
and paymaster in the United States Navy. After- 
wards he went into business with his father in Bos- 
ton, but retired after a year or two, and made his 
home at Stockbridge, Mass. He died at Nahant, 
Oct. I, 1884. 

67. IV. Mary Nisbet, b. at Lowell, Oct. 26, 
1841. Family No. 21. Staten Island, N. Y., and 
Brookline. 

68. V. Alison Turnbull, b. at Lowell, May 24, 
1843. Family No. 22. Stockbridge. 

69. VI. Nisbet, b. at Lowell, Nov. 29, 1844; d. 
at Boston, March 24, 1868. 

Nisbet Lawrence was a student at Lawrence Acad- 
emy, Groton, Mass., in 1858-59, and during that 
time lived at the old homestead on Farmer's Row, 
with his aunt, Mrs. Mary Woodbury. He then went 
to Staten Island, where his parents had taken up 
their residence in i860, and later continued his pre- 
paratory studies under Mr. Albert Stickney at Cam- 



68 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

bridge. He was admitted to Harvard, July 15, 1862, 
and remained one year as a member of the Class of 
1866, but left college at the beginning of the first 
Sophomore term, in the autumn of 1863, and entered 
business with Messrs. Lawrence, Wright & Co., wool 
commission merchants at 115 Federal Street, Bos- 
ton, representatives of the New York firm of Samuel 
Lawrence & Sons. He was one of the resident part- 
ners in Boston, being associated with John G. Wright, 
who had been a bookkeeper for Samuel Lawrence 
in New York. Nisbet Lawrence had a remarkable 
aptitude for business, but met with some reverses. 
His manly qualities and affectionate disposition en- 
deared him to a large circle of relatives and friends, 
who greatly deplored his untimely death, which oc- 
curred March 24, 1868. 

70. VH. Samuel, b. at Lowell, Sept. 27, 1846; 
d. June 19, 1885. 

71. Vni. Caroline Turnbull, b. at Boston, Sept. i 
14, 1850. Resides at Stockbridge. 

Mrs. Alison (Turnbull) Lawrence was born Oct. 2, 
181 1, and died at Stockbridge, Sept. 20, 1892. 

Samuel Lawrence, the youngest child of Major 
Samuel, was born in Groton, Mass., Jan. 15, 1801. ( 
He entered Groton Academy in 18 12. At the age 
of fourteen he went to live at the house of his brother 
William, in Boston, and there remained during his 
minority. In 1822 the two brothers formed a part- 
nership under the firm name of W. & S. Lawrence, 
and during the next few years Samuel Lawrence 
made many business trips to Europe, whereby he 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 69 

gained much valuable knowledge of mercantile affairs. 
He married, April 2, 1833, at Baltimore, Md., Alison 
Turnbull, youngest daughter of William Turnbull, 
Esq., of Philadelphia, and Mary, daughter of Rev. 
Charles Nisbet, D. D. 

Mr. Lawrence continued to reside in Boston for 
several years after his marriage. In 1838 he removed 
to Lowell, where his firm had become largely inter- 
ested in manufacturing enterprises. Here he was 
active in the establishment of the Middlesex Com- 
pany, besides being closely connected with other 
industries of that young and thriving city. His own 
words may be appropriately quoted in this connec- 
tion : " When the Middlesex Company started, most 
of the woollen goods consumed here were from 
England, imported by men from Yorkshire, who for 
many years evaded paying the full amount of duties 
by undervaluation. One of the difficulties in the 
early production of woollens here was a defect in 
dyeing. This company was most fortunate in early 
discovering that this evil arose from the simplest 
cause, the imperfect cleansing of the wool. Mr. 
Compton of Taunton, Mass., became employed by 
the Middlesex Company, to adapt his principle to 
their looms, in order to produce a fabric like the 
Sedan, and was entirely successful. Thus com- 
menced in this country the manufacture of fancy 
cassimeres. The shawl manufacture was commenced 
by the Middlesex Company in 1847. Up to that 
time the fringes were twisted by hand, and success 
depended upon its being done by machinery. At 
that time Mr. Milton D. Whipple was in the com- 



70 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

pany's employ, perfecting a felting machine, and he 
was engaged to produce a mechanism for twisting 
fringes, in which he succeeded perfectly." 

Mr. Lawrence was chosen president and treasurer 
of the Merrimac Water Power Association (formed 
in 1843, incorporated March 20, 1845), and was 
prominent as one of the founders of the city of Law- 
rence. With his brothers he was influential in the 
establishment of this new and important manufactur- 
ing centre, which bears the family name in grateful 
and fitting recognition of their services. Some ac- 
count of the inception of this successful enterprise 
may therefore be properly given here : 

"At Mr. Lawrence's suggestion Mr. George Bald- 
win made an examination of the Merrimac River be- 
low Hunter Falls, and his report being favorable, 
Bodwell's Falls, at Andover Bridge, was fixed upon 
as the place for a dam. On speaking to certain 
friends of the matter, he was told that Mr. Daniel 
Saunders of North Andover had contemplated the 
same project. An interview having been obtained 
with that gentleman, Mr. Lawrence found him well 
informed about the lands bordering on the Merrimac 
in Andover and Methuen, and Messrs. John Nes- 
mith, J. G. Abbott, and Thomas Hopkinson were 
invited to consider with them the question how to 
get control of the lands, so as to make it an object to 
build a dam on a solid and expensive plan, and an 
association was formed for the purpose of establish- 
ing a water power at Andover. Mr. Daniel Saun- 
ders, Jr., was engaged to give his time to bargaining 
for the lands, getting bonds for deeds, etc., a work 



V 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 71 

which he performed with entire success. In Feb., 
1845, the time had come to petition the legislature 
for a charter giving the right to dam the river below 
Lowell. An understanding with those to be affected 
by the measures proposed in Lowell was obtained 
without difficulty, and the petition for a charter of 
the Essex Company, with a capital of one million 
dollars, was signed by John Nesmith, Edwin Bart- 
lett, Daniel Saunders, and Samuel Lawrence. Mr. 
Lawrence had not as yet acquainted his brothers in 
Boston with the proposed operations, and on doing 
so, called on other men of business, whom he invited 
to meet at Andover, where the party was taken in 
carriages to the Methuen side of the river to exam- 
ine the rocks and banks on which the dam was to be 
located. The names of the gentlemen invited were 
as follows : Patrick T. Jackson, Thomas H. Per- 
kins, Francis C. Lowell, George W. Lyman, Nathan 
Appleton, William Sturgis, Abbott Lawrence, John 
A. Lowell, William Appleton, William Lawrence, 
Eben Chadwick, Ignatius Sargent, Theodore Lyman, 
John Nesmith, Jonathan Tyler, James B. Francis, 
Charles S. Storrow." 

Ij After dinner at the Merrimac House in Lowell, in 
the late afternoon of March 20, 1845, the very day 
on which the act incorporating the Essex Company 
had been approved by Governor Briggs, were taken 
the first steps toward the permanent organization of 
the company and the commencement of manufactur- 

il ing operations. The successful inauguration of this 
important enterprise was largely due to the energy, 
foresight, and business sagacity of Samuel Lawrence. 



72 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Mr. Lawrence was the first treasurer and general 
manager of the Bay State Mills at Lawrence, which 
began the manufacture of woollen goods in 1848. 
He returned to Boston in 1850, and occupied the 
house 1 1 Beacon Street, which was the family resi- 
dence for several years, after which he lived for a 
time in Andover. He was the first president of the 
Boston Board of Trade, in 1854. After the disas- 
trous financial panic of 1857, which swamped many 
of the leading mercantile houses (including his own, 
which then bore the firm name of Lawrence, Stone 
& Co., commission merchants), Mr. Lawrence spent 
two years abroad, his family Hving meanwhile in 
Baltimore. In i860 he removed to Staten Island, 
N. Y., which was his residence for eleven years, dur- 
ing which time he had business interests in New 
York, N. Y. In 1873 he made his home at Stock- 
bridge, Mass., where he remained until his death, 
which occurred there, March 18, 1880. 

From a letter written by William R. Lawretice to Amos 

Lawrence 

Baltimore, April 3, 1833. 

My dear Father, — I was interrupted at Wash- 
ington by Captain Turnbull, who came to see us, and 
therefore could not finish my letter. He is a captain 
of Engineers, and is superintending some work on 
this station. Last evening Samuel Lawrence, Esq., 
led to the altar Miss Alison Turnbull. There were 
about sixty people present, and among them Mr. and 
Mrs. Abbott Lawrence and two children, the younger 
of whom fell asleep just after the ceremony was com- 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 73 

pleted. The ceremony lasted three minutes, fifteen 
seconds, and passed off very pleasantly. Alison was 
dressed in plain white, with a sprig of white in her 
hair. There were neither bridesmaids nor grooms- 
men. The company was brilliant, and there were 
some fine specimens of female beauty. To-day we 
are going to dine with them, and in the evening they 
will receive company. On Monday they will leave 
for Philadelphia. . . . Uncle Abbott is holding a 
levee in his parlor this morning, and has already 
received half Baltimore, not counting people from 
other cities. Uncle Sam says he is the happiest 
man in the country, and I think he speaks the truth. 
The people here are very polite and hospitable, and 
by no means treat us badly. Our acquaintance is 
now very much extended, both in Baltimore and 
Philadelphia, so that any member of the family will 
find no difficulty in visiting as much as he likes in 
either city. Mrs. TurnbuU is rather better, but does 
not leave her apartment. I hope to have a chance 
to send my mother some of the wedding cake to 
dream iipon, and distribute about the city. I hope 

' we shall persuade Uncle Abbott to remain in the 
South at least a month, and if you can make him 

! think his presence is not required in Boston, he may 
be contented here and in Philadelphia. 

! We are all very well, and I hope you can say the 
same in Boston. Give my love to all. I would be 

I glad to hear from you when I arrive at Bunker's in 

I New York. 

From your ever affectionate son, 

William R. Lawrence. 



74 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Rev. Charles Nisbet, D. D., third son of William 
and Alison Nisbet, and maternal grandfather of Mrs. 
Alison (Turnbull) Lawrence, was born at Hadding- 
ton, a town of Scotland, on the river Tyne, Jan. 21, 
1736. He entered the University of Edinburgh in 
1752, at the age of sixteen, and graduated in 1754. 
He then spent six years as a student in the Divinity 
Hall, Edinburgh, and was licensed as a preacher of 
the gospel, Sept. 24, 1760. During the ensuing two 
years he supplied the pulpit of a church at Gorbals, 
a suburb of Glasgow. He then removed to Mont- 
rose, an important seaport town on the east coast of 
Scotland, where he became assistant pastor, and in 
1773 sole pastor of a large church. About 1765 he 
married Anne, daughter of Thomas Tweedie, Esq., 
of the town of Quarter, near Hamilton. The degree 
of D. D. was conferred upon him in 1783 by Prince- 
ton College, New Jersey, and the following year he 
was chosen the first president of Dickinson College, 
Carlisle, Pa. After long consideration he decided to 
accept the position, and sailing from Greenock, he 
reached Philadelphia, June 9, 1785, after a voyage of 
forty-six days. Dr. Nisbet was a man of great in- 
tegrity of character, and was, moreover, an eminent 
scholar and linguist. He continued ably to perform 
his duties as president of Dickinson College until 
his death, Jan. 18, 1804. 

Mary, eldest daughter of Dr. Nisbet and Anne 
(Tweedie) Nisbet, married William Turnbull, Esq., 
of Philadelphia, and their daughter Alison married 
Samuel Lawrence. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 75 

SEVENTH GENERATION 
FAMILY NO. 9 

II. Anna Maria, m., at Groton, Dec. i, 1829, 
Norman Seaver of Boston. 
Their children : 

72. I. Edward Lowell, b. at Boston, Jan. 11, 
1831 ; d. Feb. 28, 1886, at Rutland, Vt. 

73. II. Norman, b. at Boston, April 23, 1834; 
m., at Rutland, Dec. 10, 1863, Caroline Keith Daniels, 
daughter of Luther and Caroline (Keith) Daniels of 
Rutland. 

Rev. Norman Seaver is an alumnus of Williams 
College, Class of 1854. He studied theology at 
Andover Theological Seminary, graduating there- 
from in i860, and was ordained colleague pastor of 
the First Congregational Church in Rutland, Vt., 
Aug. 29, i860. Three years later, upon the resigna- 
tion of Rev. Dr. Silas Aiken, he became sole pastor, 
and continued in charge until his dismissal, at his 
own request, in Sept., 1868. On Dec. 30, following, 
he was installed as pastor of the First Presbyterian 
Church in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

He received the honorary degree of D. D. from 
Middlebury College in 1866. Of recent years he has 
again been engaged in ministerial work in Rutland 
and its neighborhood. 

74. III. Emily, b. at Charlestown, Nov. 5, 1835. 
Miss Emily Seaver lived in Boston and vicinity 

until i860, when she went to Rutland, Vt, with her 
mother, to reside with her brother, Rev. Dr. Norman 



76 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Seaver. She had marked Hterary ability, and was 
the authoress of a volume of poems, which was pub- 
lished by A. Williams & Co., Boston, 1878. She 
died at Rutland, Dec. 3, 1896. 

Mrs. Anna Maria Seaver died at Rutland, Jan. 25, 
1895, at the age of 88. 

Norman Seaver, Sr., son of Heman and Elizabeth 
(Weeks) Seaver, was born at Groton, April 7, 1802. 
His early schooling was obtained at Montreal, Can- 
ada. After a year at Middlebury College, Vermont, 
he took the full course at Harvard, graduating in 
1822. He then studied law in the office of the Hon. 
Luther Lawrence at Groton, and was admitted to 
the Middlesex bar in Oct., 1827. He practised his 
profession in Boston for several years, and in 1828 
served as a member of the Common Council, but 
ill-health was the cause of his abandonment of the ^ 
law in 1834 or thereabouts. He then engaged in 
business as a member of the firm of Stone, Seaver 
& Bush. His death occurred at St. Louis, Mo., May 
12, 1838. (See Groton Historical Series, vol. iii. No. 
vi., 1892, " The Lawyers of Groton.") 

FAMILY NO. 10 

14. Catharine, m., at Lowell, Oct. i, 1839, Charles 
Tilden Appleton, who was b. at Baltimore, Md., Jan. 
II, 1809, and d. at Roxbury, Mass., March 16, 1859. 
He held the office of treasurer of the Lowell Bleach- ■ 
ery. Mrs. Catharine (Lawrence) Appleton d. at j 
Lowell, April 18, 1846. 



,i 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 77 

Their children : 

75. I. Catharine Lawrence, b. at Lowell, July 
4, 1841 ; d. at Boston, May 29, 1887. 

76. II. Elizabeth Lawrence, b. at Lowell, March 
6, 1843; m., at Roxbury, Sept. i, 1870, Charles Pick- 
ard Ware, the youngest child of Henry Ware, Jr., 
and Mary Lovell (Pickard) Ware. 

They have these : 

']']. I. Henry Ware, b. at Brookline, Dec. 29, 
1871, who m., June 9, 1898, Louisa Fuller Wilson, 
daughter of Charles Lush and Caroline Fuller (Far- 
rar) Wilson. 

They have a daughter, 

78. Caroline Farrar, b. Aug. 14, 1899. 

Henry Ware attended private schools in Brookline, 
and Roxbury Latin School. Graduated at Harvard 
in 1893, receiving the degree of A. M. in 1894 and 
LL. B. cum laucie in 1896. He was assistant in 
Forensics in 1893-94. Admitted to the Suffolk bar 
in Dec, 1895, in July following he entered the law 
office of Storey & Thorndike, Boston. Mr. Ware is 
treasurer of the First Parish of Brookline. 

79. 2. Mary Appleton Ware, b. at Brookline, 
May 17, 1877. 

Charles Pickard Ware is a descendant of Robert 
Ware, who came from England about the year 1642 
and settled in Dedham. He attended Milton Acad- 
emy and the private school of Epes Sargent Dix- 
well, Esq., in Boston. He is a graduate of Harvard, 
Class of 1862. After leaving college, he was for three 
years superintendent of plantations at St. Helena 
Island, S. C. He taught school in Boston from 1867 



78 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

to 1872, and was instructor in English at Harvard 
University from 1877 to 1880. Since 1890 he has 
been with the American Bell Telephone Company 
in Boston. He was one of the compilers (with Wil- 
liam Francis Allen and Lucy McKim Garrison) of 
" Slave Songs of the United States," published in 
1867 by A. Simpson & Co., New York. His resi- 
dence is on Allerton Street, Brookline. 

80. HI. Helen Lawrence, b. at Lowell, March 
29, 1846; m., Jan. i, 1873, Francis Tucker Wash- 
burn of Boston : 

They had a daughter, 

81. Frances Tucker Washburn, who was born 
at Milton, March 26, 1874, and died at Roxbury, 
Jan., 1880. 

Francis Tucker Washburn, son of William Rounse- 
ville Peirce and Susan Ellen (Tucker) Washburn, 
was born at Boston, Sept. 24, 1844. He received 
his early education at the Boston Latin School, and 
graduated at Harvard in 1864. After less than a 
year at the Divinity School in Cambridge, he went 
abroad, and spent three years in travel and residence 
in the south of Europe. Returning home in 1869, 
he resumed his theological studies, and on March 
2, 1 87 1, was ordained as associate pastor of the First 
Congregational (Unitarian) Church in Milton, Mass. 
He died of typhoid fever at Milton, Dec. 29, 1873. 

Helen Lawrence ( Appleton) Washburn m. (second), 
at Roxbury, Mass., June i, 1880, John Graham 
Brooks. 

They had : 

82. I. Lawrence Graham, b. at Roxbury, Feb. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 79 

21, 188 1. He attended schools in Berlin, Freiburg 
in Baden, and Cambridge, Mass. A member of the 
Harvard Class of 1902. 

St,. 2. Charles Appleton, b. at Freiburg, Baden, 
July 13, 1884; d. June 17, 1889. 

84. 3. Guy, b. at Brockton, Mass., Nov. 30, 1886; 
d. Feb. 2, 1900. 

John Graham Brooks, son of Chapin Kidder and 
Pamelia (Graham) Brooks, was born at Acworth, 
Sullivan County, N. H., July 19, 1846. He attended 
school at Meriden, N. H. ; after which he spent one 
year as a student in the Law School of the University 
of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, three years at Oberlin 
College, Ohio, and a like period at the Harvard Divin- 
ity School, graduating in 1875. He was pastor of the 
First Religious Society of Roxbury from 1875 until 
1882, when he went abroad and pursued his studies 
in Economics and Ethics at the universities of Berlin, 
Jena, and Freiburg, Baden. Returning home, he was 
settled at Brockton, Mass., from 1885 to 1891. His 
present residence is at Cambridge. Mr. Brooks was 
for two years instructor in Economics at Harvard, 
and is a lecturer and writer upon economic and social 
subjects. He is president of the National Consum- 
ers' League. 

He is also the author of the Government Report 
on Compulsory Insurance in Germany, and of several 
articles in the Dictionary of Political Economy. He 
has furnished numerous contributions to English and 
American Reviews. 



So THE DESCENDANTS OF 

FAMILY NO. II 

21. Susan Elizabeth, m., March 30, 1843, Wil- 
liam Warren Tucker of Boston, son of Alanson and 
Eliza (Thorn) Tucker of Derry, N. H. 

Their children : 

85. I. Lawrence, b. at Boston, Nov. 4, 1844. 

Lawrence Tucker attended schools in Boston and 
at Vevay, Switzerland. At the outbreak of the civil 
war he enlisted, at the age of seventeen; but his father, 
thinking him too young to enter the army, procured 
his discharge. Mr. Tucker graduated at Harvard in 
1865. Immediately afterwards he went to Europe, 
where he remained for seven years, with the excep-' 
tion of a few weeks passed in this country. During 
the siege of Paris he lived in various small towns of 
France, returning to Paris some time before the out- 
break of the Commune and the so-called second siege, 
during which time he remained in the capital. He 
was forced by the Communists to aid in the con- 
struction of barricades, and upon the entry of the 
Versailles troops, and while the fighting was still 
going on in the streets, he was arrested, charged 
with being a Communist, and tried before a drum- 
head court-martial at the Luxembourg Palace. Al- 
though the evidence was strong against him, and he 
had no witnesses in his own behalf, he was acquitted. 
In 1872 he entered the Harvard Law School, gradu- 
ating in 1875, and was admitted to the Suffolk bar, 
Jan. 30, 1876. That same year he visited Europe, 
where he passed two years. After an interval he 
went to Kansas, where he lived on a ranch for three 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 8i 

years. Returning to Boston, he was foremost in or- 
ganizing the Boston Athletic Association in 1887, 
and served as one of its officers for a long period. 
During the last few years he has travelled consider- 
ably in the United States and Mexico. He resides 
in Boston, and usually spends the summer months in 
the State of Maine. 

86. II. Alanson, b. at Boston, April 20, 1848; 
m., at Boston, Nov. 25, 1899, Katharine Sawin Davis, 
daughter of William H. and Elizabeth H. (Basset) 
Davis of Milton. 

Alanson Tucker received his early education at 
Mr. Dixwell's school in Boston, and graduated at 
Harvard in 1S72. For about a year after leaving col- 
lege he was connected with the Ocean Cotton Mills 
at Newburyport, Mass. He then became associated 
with the firm of Upham, Tucker & Co., afterwards 
Dana, Tucker & Co., commission merchants, at 48 
Franklin Street, Boston. Retiring from active busi- 
ness some years ago, he has since travelled exten- 
sively in Europe, India, China, Japan, Java, Burmah, 
Australia, North and South America, and in the West 
Indies. 

William Warren Tucker was born at Boston, 
March 18, 181 7. His parents were Alanson Tucker 
(b. at Middleborough, Mass., Jan. 25, 1777) and 
Eliza (Thom) Tucker (b. at Londonderry, N. H., 
April 19, 1790), who were married May 9, 1809. 
Alanson Tucker was a representative to the General 
Court of New Hampshire from the town of Derry 
in 1828-29, ^^d 1 83 1. The paternal grandfather of 



82 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

William Warren Tucker was Nathaniel (b. at 
Middleborough, Oct. 15, 1744), and his great-grand- 
father was Benjamin Tucker, who was born in the 
same town about the year 1705. The subject of this 
sketch graduated from Dartmouth College in the 
Class of 1835, and received the degree of A. M. from 
that institution in 1838, and from Harvard in 1861. 
He was a trustee of Lawrence Academy, Groton, 
from 1844 to 1852, and in 1878 he served as a mem- 
ber of the Executive Council under Gov. Alexander 
H. Rice. Mr. Tucker was a partner in the firm of 
Upham, Tucker & Co., commission merchants, of 
Boston. His death occurred at Paris, France, Nov. 
26, 1885. Mrs. Susan Elizabeth (Lawrence) Tucker 
died at Paris, Jan. 8, 1891. The surname Tucker 
is believed to be derived from the old English 
word tucker, now mostly obsolete, signifying a trade, 
and the latter in turn from tuck, a piece of cloth. 
In modern dictionaries, tucker is synonymous with 
fuller, 

FAMILY NO. 12 

23. Harriet Bordman, m., at Boston, Sept. 11, 
1848, Seth Edward Sprague, and had these: 
%"]. I. William Lawrence, b. July 20, 1849. | 

William Lawrence Sprague fitted for Harvard 
College at Mr. Dixwell's school, Boston, and gradu- \ 
ated with the Class of 1871. In Jan., 1873, he went 
to San Francisco in search of health, and soon after I 
entered the business house of E. E. Morgan's Sons 
in that city. In the autumn following, with the as- 
sistance of others, he established the Harvard Club 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 83 

of San Francisco, which has proved to be a very 
successful institution. After returning home he 
entered the Harvard Medical School, and received 
the degree of M. D. in June, 1880. He died June 
22, 1884. At the annual business meeting of the 
Class of 1 87 1, held on Commencement Day, 1884, it 
was voted " that we recall with tender recollection 
the many good qualities of our friend and classmate, 
William Lawrence Sprague, his kindly, affectionate 
disposition, and his loyal attachment to his friends." 

88. II. Fanny Bordman, b. Sept. 29, 1851; d. 
July 16, 1856. 

89. III. Charles Franklin, b. at Boston, June 
10, 1857; m., at Boston, Nov. 25, 1891, Mary Bry- 
ant Pratt, daughter of George Langdon and Sarah 
(Weld) Pratt. 

They had : 

90. I. Marion, b. at Beverly, Mass., June 20, 1893. 

91. 2. Elinor, b. at Washington, D. C, March 26, 
1898. 

Charles Franklin Sprague obtained his early edu- 
cation at the school of Mr. John Prentiss Hopkinson 
in Boston, and at Phillips Exeter Academy. He 
then entered Harvard College, taking the regular 
undergraduate course, and receiving the degree of 
A. B. (as of the Class of 1879) at Commencement, 
1880, after which he studied three years at the Har- 
vard Law School, and began the practice of law in 
Boston. He soon became interested in politics, and 
was elected a member of the Common Council in 
1888 and 1889, and of the lower branch of the legis- 
lature of Massachusetts in 1891 and 1892. He also 



84 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

served as park commissioner from 1893 to 1895. In 
the latter year he became a state senator from the 
Ninth Suffolk district, and served on the committees 
on Metropolitan Affairs, Federal Relations and 
Constitutional Amendments, Education and Libra- 
ries. In the autumn of 1896 he was elected to the 
fifty-fifth Congress from the eleventh Massachusetts 
district, and was reelected the ensuing year. During 
his residence at Washington the development of a 
nervous affection obliged him to retire from public 
life. His death occurred at Providence, R. I., Jan. 
30, 1902. 

Previous to his removal to Washington, Mr. 
Sprague resided on his fine Brookline estate, noted 
for its beautiful park and Italian garden. 

92. IV. Richard, b. at BrookHne, June 16, 1859. 
Richard Sprague attended the schools of Messrs. 

Kidder and Hopkinson in Boston. He graduated 
at Harvard in 1881, and entered the Medical School 
in Sept., 1883, taking the three years' course. He 
was for two years a surgical house-ofHcer at the 
Massachusetts General Hospital, and received the 
degree of M. D. at Commencement, 1887. The 
following spring he went abroad, and spent two 
years and a half in studying medicine at Vienna and 
in travel. Returning to Boston, he began practice 
in the autumn of 1890. He died June 28, 1902. 

93. V. Elizabeth Lejee, b. April 25, 1863; d. 
Sept. 7, 1864. 

Seth Edward Sprague was a son of the Hon. 
Peleg Sprague (H. U. 181 2), U. S. senator from 



kj 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 85 

Maine, 1829-35; judge of the U. S. District Court 
for Massachusetts, 1840-65) and Sarah (Deming) 
Sprague, and was born at Hallowell, Me., April 12, 
182 1. He attended the pubHc schools in that city, 
and later the private school of the Hon. Stephen 
Minot Weld in Jamaica Plain. Graduate of Har- 
vard College, Class of 1 841, and of the Law School. 
Admitted to the bar, Sept. 3, 1844. He received an 
appointment as clerk of the United States District 
Court in 1842, and retained this office for twenty- 
seven years, until he was obliged to resign by reason 
of failing health. Mr. Sprague visited Europe twice, 
and made a trip to California in 1852. He died at 
Boston, June 22, 1869. 

FAMILY NO. 13 

24. Fanny, m., March 3, 1852, Henry Austin 
Whitney, son of Joseph and Elizabeth (Pratt) Whit- 
ney. 

Their children : 

94. L Henry Lawrence, b. Oct. 27, 1853; d. 
Oct. 23, 1866. 

95. IL Joseph Cutler, b. Dec. 7, 1856; m., Nov. 
9, 1882, at King's Chapel, Boston, Georgiana Hay- 
ward, daughter of Dr. George (Harvard, 1839) and 
Annie (Upton) Hayward. 

Their children, born at Boston, are : 

96. I. Henry Lawrence, b. Jan. 13, 1886. 

97. 2. George Hayward, b. Jan. 31, 1892. 

98. 3. Robert Upton, b. Nov. 6, 1895. 

Joseph Cutler Whitney fitted for college at Mr. 



86 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Dixwell's school, and studied for a year under Pro- 
fessor George M. Lane as tutor. He graduated at 
Harvard in 1878, and is the secretary of his Class. 
He has made various mercantile and financial ven- 
tures. For more than eight years previous to Nov. 
I, 1886, he was engaged in a wool commission busi- 
ness in Boston, but of late years the care of real 
estate and trust property has occupied much of his 
time. His office is at 53 Mason Building, Boston. 
Mr. Whitney has been a trustee of the Milton Public 
Library since 1884, and served as a selectman of 
Milton in 1894 and 1895. He is the author of a 
Memoir of his father, Henry Austin Whitney, which 
first appeared in the " New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register," April, 1889, and was later 
revised and reprinted with additions, in pamphlet 
form. He has also prepared four Reports of the 
Class of 1878 (H. U.). In the summer of 1879 he 
made a journey of four hundred miles on horseback, 
from Helena, Mont, through the Yellowstone Na- 
tional Park, which at that time was without shelter 
or other accommodation for tourists. In numerous 
business trips he has come to know intimately the 
States traversed by the Rocky Mountains, as well as 
many other Western States. 

99. III. Ellerton Pratt, b. Aug. 21, 1858; m., at 
Magnolia, Mass., June 5, 1901, Ellen Cushman Sar- 
gent, daughter of Joseph and Ellen Louise (McClure) 
Sargent. 

They have a daughter, 

99a. Ellen Louise, b. Dec. 12, 1902. 

Ellerton Pratt Whitney obtained his early educa- 



iff 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 87 

tion at Mr. Hopkinson's school and elsewhere. He 
did not go to college. Mr. Whitney is vice-president 
of the Merchants' and Miners' Transportation Com- 
pany, a trustee for several large estates, and a member 
of the Massachusetts Metropolitan Park Commission. 
His residence is in Milton, where he passes the en- 
tire year. He has always taken an interest in the 
affairs of his town and has held various town offices, 
and was president of the local water company from 
the date of its origin until it was sold to the town. 
Arboriculture is one of his many interests. 

100. IV. Elizabeth, b. March 23, i860; m., at 
Milton, Oct. 30, 1884, James Jackson Minot, M. D., 
son of George Richards and Harriet (Jackson) Minot. 
Their children, all born at Boston, are : 
loi. I. George Richards, b. Dec. 2, 1885. 

102. 2. James Jackson, b. Nov. 17, 1891. 

103. 3. Henry Whitney, b. Feb. 6, 1896. 

Mrs. Elizabeth (Whitney) Minot d. at Boston, 
Feb. 19, 1903. 

James Jackson Minot was born at West Roxbury, 
Oct. II, 1852. He attended the private schools of 
Miss Lane in Jamaica Plain, and of Mr. Dixwell in 
Boston. A. B., 1874, M. D., 1878, Harvard. He 
served a year as medical house-officer in the Massa- 
chusetts General Hospital, and in the summer of 
1878 he went to Europe and continued his studies at 
the Universities of Vienna, Berlin, and Strasburg. 
Returning home in Aug., 1880, he began practice in 
Boston, serving on the medical staff of the Boston 
Dispensary from 1880 to 1889, and also as visiting 
physician to the Carney Hospital, and as physician 



8S THE DESCENDANTS OF 

to the Out-patient Department of the Massachusetts 
General Hospital. He became a Fellow of the Mas- 
sachusetts Medical Society in 1877, and is a member 
of other medical and scientific organizations. 

104. V. Constance, b. May 11, 1865; m., at Mil- 
ton, Sept. II, 1890, Franz Edouard Zerrahn, and has 
these : 

105. I. Constance, b. at Brush Hill, Milton, 
June 21, 1891. 

106. 2. Elizabeth, b. at Brush Hill, Milton, 
March 21, 1899. 

Franz Edouard Zerrahn was born in Massachu- 
setts, March 17, 1858. He is a son of Carl Zerrahn 
of Rostock, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany, and 
was educated in the Boston public schools and at the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is an 
architect. 

107. VI. Hugh, b. at Brush Hill, Milton, Sept. 7, 
1870; m., at Beverly, Mass., Oct. 20, 1897, Eleanor 
Amalia Cecilia Marguerite Shattuck, daughter of 
Dr. George Brune and Amalia Schutte (Lavalle) 
Shattuck. 

They have : 

108. I. A son, b. at Beverly, July 20, 1898; d. the 
next day. 

109. II. Eleanor, b. at Brush Hill, Milton, Sept. 
2, 1899. 

Henry Austin Whitney, the only son of Joseph 
and EHzabeth (Pratt) Whitney, was born at Boston, 
Oct. 6, 1826. He was christened Henry Augustus 
Whitney, but his middle name was changed as above 



U 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 89 

by decree of Probate Court, in Feb., 1857. His Pu- 
ritan ancestor, John Whitney of Isleworth, County 
of Middlesex, England, emigrated with his family to 
New England in the year 1635, and settled at Water- 
town, Mass., where he became a prominent citizen and 
land proprietor, serving as selectman seventeen years, 
and continuing a resident of that town until his death 
in 1673. His son Thomas, who was born in Eng- 
land, lived successively in Watertown, Stow, and in 
that portion of Lancaster township which is now 
called Bolton. Benjamin Whitney (1687-1737), a 
son of Thomas, was a resident of Marlborough, and 
was active in the defence of the frontier settlements 
against the Indians. His son Samuel (i 734-1808) 
was engaged in business for some years in Boston, 
but removed to Concord in 1767, where he became 
an earnest patriot during the Revolutionary period, 
and took part in the Concord fight. Joseph Whit- 
ney (1771-1812), a son of the preceding, engaged 
in mercantile affairs in Boston, and his only son 
Joseph ( 1 796-1 869) was left an orphan at the age of 
sixteen. While still a youth, Joseph Whitney, Jr., 
became a partner in a business firm in Boston, and 
by industry, ability, and strict integrity he met with 
ample success, and that too during times of financial 
depression. He married, in 1822, Elizabeth, the sec- 
ond daughter of John and Mary (Tewksbury) Pratt. 
Their son, Henry Austin Whitney, obtained his early 
training chiefly at Asa Wing's boarding-school at 
Sandwich, Mass., and at Chauncy Hall School, Bos- 
ton. He took the four years' course at Harvard, 
graduating with the famous Class of 1846. 



90 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Upon leaving college, Mr. Whitney was for two 
years a clerk in a dry goods house, and in 1849 he 
was admitted a partner in the firm of Joseph Whitney 
& Co., manufacturers of men's boots and brogans. 
His father retired at the close of the year 1866, and 
Mr. Whitney continued in business with the remain- 
ing partners until 1872, when the firm was dissolved. 
He was for many years a director and later vice- 
president of the Merchants' and Miners' Transporta- 
tion Company, and was also a director of the New 
England Trust Company and of the Shoe and 
Leather Dealers' National Bank, a trustee of the 
Provident Institution for Savings, and a director of 
the Boston and Providence Railroad Company from 
1 87 1 and its president for thirteen years. He held 
many other official positions at different times, serv- 
ing as a trustee of the Massachusetts General Hos- 
pital, and vice-president of the Humane Society of 
Massachusetts. I 

Mr. Whitney had marked literary tastes, and was 
especially interested in antiquarian and genealogical 
researches. He prepared a number of articles re- 
lating to the Whitney family which were privately 
printed. A list of these, together with the titles of 
some of his other literary contributions, is contained 
in a Memoir prepared by his son, Joseph Cutler 
Whitney, and reprinted in pamphlet form, with 
additions, from the " New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register." From this Memoir chiefly, 
the compiler has derived the information contained 
in this sketch. Mr. Whitney's death occurred at 
Boston, Feb. 21, 1889. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 91 

FAMILY NO. 14 

25. William Richards, m., at St. Paul's Church, 
I in Boston, Dec. 6, 1838, Susan Coombs Dana (b. 
July 16, 181 7), sixth child of Rev. Samuel Dana of 
I Marblehead and Henrietta (Bridge) Dana. 

THE DANA FAMILY 

All persons in the United States who bear the 
name of Dana are believed to trace their lineagre 
from Richard Dana, who emigrated from England 
in the year 1640, and settled on the south side of the 
Charles River, in Cambridge, Mass., within the pre- 
sent limits of Brighton. According to tradition, his 
father was a French Huguenot, who sought refuge 
' in England on account of religious persecution, 
during the reign of Louis XHI. In the early Cam- 
bridge records the name is sometimes spelled Dajiy, 
and is so pronounced not infrequently at the present 
time in the rural districts of New England. Richard 
Dana married Ann Bullard of Cambridge about 1648. 
He died April 2, 1690. 

Benjamin Dana (i 660-1 738), the seventh child of 
Richard, m. Mary Buckminster, May 24, 1688. They 
had ten children, of whom the fifth, Joseph (1700- 
1778), m. (first), March 2, 1726, Rebecca Hamblet. 
She d. Dec. 28, 1730, and he m. (second), about 1733, 
Mrs. Mary Fulham Moore. 

Their third and youngest child was Joseph Dana, 
who was born at Pomfret, Conn., Nov. 2, 1742. He 
saw, in his boyhood, the wolf which was killed by 
Israel Putnam. Mr. Dana graduated from Yale in 



92 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

1760, and studied divinity with Rev. Dr. Hart of 
Preston, Conn., being licensed to preach before he 
had attained his majority. He was ordained pastor 
of the Second Church in Ipswich, Mass., Nov. 7, 
1765, and retained the position for more than sixty 
years. He m. (first) Mary, daughter of Daniel and 
Mary (Burnham) Staniford. She d. May 14, 1 772, and 
he m. (second) Mary, daughter of Samuel Turner of 
Boston. He received the degree of S. T. D. from 
Harvard in 1801. Died Nov. 16, 1827. 

Samuel, the only son of Joseph and Mary (Turner) 
Dana, was born May 7, 1778; grad. Harvard, 1796; 
ordained pastor of the First Congregational Church 
in Marblehead, Oct. 7, 1801. He m. (first) Susan 
Coombs, who d. Sept. 13, 1805, aged 26. Rev. Mr. 
Dana m. (second) Henrietta Bridge, daughter of 
Richard Perkins Bridge, M. D., of Petersham, Mass., 
and Anna (Harrington) Bridge. She was born Aug. 
20, 1 78 1, and died at Marblehead, April i, 1863. | 
Rev. Samuel Dana d. Aug. 16, 1864, aged 86 years. 

Fro7n a letter of Richard H. Dana to Samuel T. Dana of 

Boston, June c), 1842 

The genealogical letter I send you begins with ; 
Richard Dana, our common ancestor, who came to 
this country about the middle of the seventeenth 
century. He was the lineal descendant, and, as far 
as we can learn, the only one living at the time of his 
emigration, of WiUiam Dana, Esq., who was sheriff 
of Middlesex during the reign of Elizabeth. To 
William Dana was given the coat of arms (a copy of 
which I send you) used by him and his descendants, 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 93 

and now to be found in the Heralds' Colleire, Lon- 
don. A relative of ours made inquiries for it there 
a few years ago, and gave us a minute description of 
it, by which we rectified an error in the color of the 
fox at the top : the coat of arms has this motto, 
"Cavendo tutus," and is dated 1569. We have not 
the line of descent from William to Richard. The 
latter was a Puritan, and took little pains to preserve 
his genealogy, thinking it savored of the pride of 
life. He, however, kept this coat of arms and left it 
to his descendants, with the tradition of his descent. 
The accompanying letter is from John Jay Dana, 
clergyman of Canaan, N. Y. dated Aug. 19, 1841 : 
" Richard Dana, who died at Cambridge, Mass., 
April 2, 1690, was the first and only one of our 
ancestors who emigrated to America, and from him, 
it is supposed, are descended all the branches of the 
family. The year of his arrival is unknown. The 
first act of Richard's which appears on record is a 
deed of fifty-eight acres of land, sold by him to 
Edward Jackson, April 20, 1656, situated on the 
south side of Charles River, on the road from New- 
ton Four Corners to Boston, known now as the 
• Hunnewell Farm.' He married Ann Bullard of 
Cambridge. He died suddenly, left no will, and his 
estate was settled by the mutual consent of his 
children. The agreement was signed April 15, 1695, 
by his widow Ann and his sons Jacob, Joseph, 
Benjamin and Daniel, and by his sons-in-law, Sam- 
uel Oldham, Daniel Woodard, and Samuel Hyde. 
(Middlesex Probate Records, vol. 8, p. 331.) Richard 



94 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

and his wife were members of Cambridge Church as 
early as 1660." 

Children of William Richards and Susan Coombs 
(Dana) Lawrence : 

no. I. Francis William, b. at Brookline, Nov. 
20, 1839; m., at Framingham, Mass., Jan. 27, 1863, 
Lucilla Train (b. at Framingham, Aug. 8, 1842), elder 
daughter of Hon. Charles Russell and Martha Ann 
(Jackson) Train, who was born at Hopkinton, now 
Ashland, Mass., Nov. 13, 18 19; d. Nov. 14, 1867. 

THE TRAIN FAMILY^ 

John Train, born in England about 1610, came to 
this country on the ship Susan and Ellen in 1635, 
and settled at Watertown, Mass. His first wife was ; 
Margaret Dix, who d. Dec. 18, 1660. He m. (second) 
Abigail Bent, Oct. 12, 1675. He d. at Watertown,, 
Jan. 29, 1 68 1. 

John, the sixth of eight children of John and Mar- 
garet Train, was born May 25, 165 1. He removed 
from Watertown to Weston. He m., March 24, 
1674-5, Mary, daughter of Joshua Stubbs; d. at 
Weston in 1718. 

John Train, third of the name, fourth child of 
John and Mary, was born Oct. 31, 1682. He m., 
May 5, 1705, Lydia, daughter of Samuel Jennison. 
They had nine children. 

Samuel, third child of John and Lydia, was born 
Dec. 22, 171 1. He m. (first) Mary Holden of Con- 

^ Formerly sometimes written Trayne or Traine. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 95 

cord. (The bans were published April 2, 1738.) 
She d. and he m. for his second wife, Dec. 31, 1741, 
Rachel Allen. He d. at Weston in 1806, at the age 
of 95. 

Deacon Samuel Train, second child of the preced- 
ing, was born Aug. 11, 1745. He m. Feb. 21, 1771, 
Deborah Brown, daughter of Arthur Savage (Wes- 
ton church records), who d. in 1828. He served as 
constable in 1786, selectman in 1797, and held other 
offices at Weston. He d. in 1839, aged 93. 

Rev. Charles Train, third child of Deacon Samuel 
and Deborah, was born at Weston, Jan. 7, 1783. He 
graduated at Harvard in 1805, and was preceptor of 
the Framingham Academy in 1808. Ordained pas- 
tor of the Baptist church in Framingham, Jan. 30, 
181 1. He was a representative to the General Court 
for six years, and state senator. He m. (first), Aug. 
15, 1 8 10, Elizabeth, third daughter of Abraham Har- 
rington of Weston. She d. Sept. 14, 18 14, and he 
m. (second), Oct. 10, 18 15, Hepzibah Harrington, 
younger sister of his first wife. Rev. Charles Train 
d. at Framingham, Sept. 17, 1849. 

The Hon. Charles Russell Train, second son of 
Rev. Charles and Hepzibah (Harrington) Train, was 
born Oct. 18, 181 7. He attended Framingham 
Academy, graduated at Brown University in 1837, 
and then studied law, spending a year at the Har- 
vard Law School. In 1841 he was admitted to the 
bar, and practised law in Framingham, until 1863, 
when he removed to Boston. Mr. Train represented 
Framingham in the Massachusetts General Court in 
1847-48, and Boston in 1868 and in 1870-71. He 



96 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

was district attorney for the Northern District, 1848- 
51 ; and representative from the eighth Massachu- 
setts district in the thirty-sixth and thirty-seventh 
Congresses. Mr. Train served in the War of the 
Rebellion as assistant adjutant-general on the staff of 
Brigadier-General George H. Gordon. He was at- 
torney-general of Massachusetts for seven years from 
1 87 1. During the latter part of this period, William 
Caleb Loring, now a justice of the Supreme Court of 
Massachusetts, held the ofifice of assistant adjutant- 
general. Mr. Train m. (first), Oct. 27, 1841, Martha 
Ann Jackson, who d. Nov. 14, 1867. He m. (second), 
June 14, 1869, Sarah Maria Cheney. His eldest 
child, Lucilla, m., at Framingham, Jan. 27, 1863, 
Francis William Lawrence. The Hon. Charles 
Russell Train d. at Conway, N. H., July 29, 1885. 

Francis William Lawrence received his early edu- 
cation at Lawrence Academy, Groton, Phillips Acad- 
emy, Andover, and at private schools in Boston and 
Paris, France. He was for three years a member of 
the Class of 1861, Harvard College, and afterwards 
studied medicine at the Portland Medical School and 
at the Harvard Medical School. Soon after the 
breaking out of the civil war, in 1862, while a medi- 
cal student, he went to Port Royal, S. C, as one of the 
surgeons of the Massachusetts Educational Commis- 
sion, and after holding that position a few months, 
received an appointment as acting assistant surgeon 
U. S. A., and was stationed on St. Helena Island, 
S. C. While there he purchased a large cotton plan- 
tation, and was quite successful in raising the cele- 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 97 

brated sea island cotton. At the close of the war in 
1865 he sold his plantation and returned to Boston, 
and in the following year he settled in Longwood, 
Brookline. Mr. Lawrence served for eleven years 
as a selectman of Brookline, being chairman of the 
board a part of the time, and was for twelve years 
chairman of the Brookline Park Commission. He 
served for six years on the staff of the Second Bri- 
gade, M. V. M., as provost-marshal with the rank of 
captain, and as assistant adjutant-general with the 
rank of lieutenant-colonel. In 1881 he was appointed 
by President Garfield one of the Board of Visitors to 
the U. S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, Md. He 
has served continuously as vestryman, treasurer, and 
warden of the Church of Our Saviour, Longwood, 
since 1868. He was for many years a director of 
the Brookline Gas-Light Company, and for some 
time its clerk and treasurer. 

Mr. Lawrence was president of the Brookline Na- 
tional Bank, and of the Globe Gas-Light Company 
of Boston ; a director of the Ipswich Mills and of the 
Merrimac Chemical Company, and a trustee of vari- 
ous private trusts. He was also president of the 
Boston Dispensary, vice-president of the New Eng- 
land Conservatory of Music, and a trustee of St. 
Luke's Home for Convalescents in Roxbury, of the 
Trustees of Donations, and of the Boston Episcopal 
Charitable Society. 

In 1882 he built a cottage at Bar Harbor, Me., 
which was destroyed by lightning in June, 1901. 
Mr. Lawrence was an active worker in the parish of 
St. Saviour at Bar Harbor, and served on its financial 



98 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

committee. He was an original member of the 
Kebo Valley Club and of the Mount Desert Reading 
Room. 

He died at Longwood, March lo, 1903. 

Resolutions on the death of Francis William 
Lawrence adopted by the Trustees of the New 
England Conservatory of Music: 

" The executive committee of the board of trus- 
tees of the New England Conservatory of Music met 
on Wednesday afternoon, March 18, 1903, to take 
action on the death of Mr. Francis W. Lawrence, a 
valued member of the board. Mr. Lawrence became 
a trustee of the Conservatory on Jan. 16, 1896, and 
was elected a vice-president of the board on May 18, 
1898. His deep interest in the work of the institu- 
tion and the esteem in which he was held by his 
associates on the board of trustees are set forth in 
the following resolutions which were presented at 
the meeting: 

''Resolved, That the government of the New Eng- 
land Conservatory of Music has received with the 
keenest sorrow the announcement of the death of 
Francis William Lawrence, one of its most esteemed 
and beloved members. 

" His musical taste and knowledge, fostered by 
natural ability, by long experience in musical bodies, 
and by delightful practice in the domestic circle, 
gave especial value to his interest in our objects; and 
his business capacity, exercised in so many other 1 
public functions, was of the greatest importance in 
our practical and financial concerns. 



A 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 99 

" His devotion to our welfare and progress, shown 
not only by attendance and wise counsels at our 
meetings, but also by frequent visits to our house and 
constant presence at our private and public per- 
formances, was of the greatest encouragement to 
his associates as well as to teachers and pupils. 

" Resolved, That these resolutions be entered upon 
our records, in remembrance of all that we have lost, 
and that they be communicated to his family in token 
of heartfelt sympathy." 

At a meeting of the Vestry of the Church of Our 
Saviour, Longwood, holden March 19, 1903, it was 
resolved that " Whereas, by the will of Almighty God, 
the parish and Church of Our Saviour has been de- 
prived by death of its Senior Warden, Francis 
William Lawrence ; we, the Vestry of said Church of 
Our Saviour, desire to record our deep sense of grief 
in the loss of a faithful Christian worker in the 
church, a beloved friend, and a valued counsellor. 
Mr. Lawrence has been a constant worshipper here 
ever since this church was built and presented to the 
corporation by his father and uncle in 1868. After 
being a vestryman for several years, he became trea- 
surer of the church corporation in 1878, serving 
for two years in that capacity. He was junior warden 
from 1885 to 1893, and senior warden for the ten 
succeeding years till his death. The Church owes 
much to his faithful work and wise counsel. As a 
token of our sense of bereavement, we direct that 
this resolution be inscribed in the records of the cor- 
poration, and that a copy be sent to his afflicted 
family." 



loo THE DESCENDANTS OF 

At a meeting of the directors of the Brookline 
National Bank, March 24, 1903, the following vote 
was placed on record : " The Brookline National 
Bank, in the death of Francis W. Lawrence, has been 
greatly bereaved. He was one of its incorporators, 
had been a director continuously since its organiza- 
tion, serving the last seven years as president. A 
Christian gentleman, bearing a name which has been 
identified for generations with the religious, social, 
and business development of New England, he 
brought to the conduct of the bank's affairs rare 
tact, sound judgment, and a degree of financial 
ability worthy of his distinguished ancestry. To 
whatever of success as a conservative and safe insti- 
tution the bank has attained, the counsels of Mr. 
Lawrence contributed generously. To us, the sur- 
viving original directors, his loss has come as a per- 
sonal sorrow, for he was to each a faithful friend, 
w^hose memory will possess an abiding charm. We 
place this tribute of affectionate appreciation upon 
the records of the bank, and send a copy thereof to 
his family with sincere sympathy. 

C. H. W. Foster, 

M. W. QUINLAN, 

Thos. B. Griggs, 
Reuben S. Swan, 
Geo. W. Worthley,^ 
Appropriate resolutions were also adopted by the 
Board of Managers of the Boston Dispensary, and 
by other organizations with which Mr. Lawrence was 
connected. 



>■ Directors." 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE loi 

111. II. Arthur, b. at Brookline, Aug. 22, 1842. 
Family No. 22. Stockbridge. 

112. III. Robert Means, b. at Boston, May 14, 

1847. Family No. 2^,. Boston. 

William Richards Lawrence passed his early child- 
hood in Boston. When his mother died, in 18 19, he 
and his brother Amos were sent to Groton, where 
they remained two years in the care of their grand- 
parents and aunts, and during this time William at- 
tended school at Groton Academy, afterwards called 
" Lawrence Academy." Upon their father's second 
marriage, in 1821, the two boys returned to Boston, 
and William entered the Public Latin School. In 
1824 he was sent to Dummer Academy, Byfield, 
Mass., of which institution Nehemiah Cleaveland, 
LL. D., was the principal, and here the succeeding 
three years were passed, after which he entered the 
Lyceum at Gardiner, Me., remaining there a year. 
In the autumn of 1828, when sixteen years of age, 
he was sent to Europe to obtain the liberal educa- 
tion afforded by travel and residence abroad, and by 
the study of foreign languages and customs. He 
proceeded at once to Paris, and devoted himself 
chiefly to the study of French and Spanish, living at 
the capital during the first winter, and afterwards 
with a private family at Versailles. 

Mr. Lawrence, then a youth of eighteen, was an 
eye-witness of many exciting scenes in Paris dur- 
ing the Revolution of 1830, when Charles X. was 
dethroned and Louis Philippe became king. He 



I02 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

frequently saw General Lafayette, who at that time 
commanded the National Guard, and was afterwards 
introduced to the aged hero at a military reception 
at the latter's house. 

In Feb., 1831, accompanied by Mr. Stephen Salis- 
bury of Worcester, Mass., he proceeded to Spain, 
reaching Madrid after a three weeks' journey over 
the snowy Pyrenees and through the provinces of 
Barcelona and Valencia. He then made a tour in 
Andalusia and Granada, travelling with post-horses, 
and thence on horseback through a bandit-infested 
region, to Malaga, and from there sailed in a small 
schooner to Gibraltar. Continuing, he embarked in 
a coast-wise vessel for Cadiz, and proceeded by dili- 
gence to Seville and Madrid. Mr. Lawrence now 
established himself in the latter city, living at the 
house of a Spanish lady. Dona Florentia Gonsalez, 
where the poet Longfellow had previously stayed. 
And here he rapidly acquired a good knowledge of 
the language and familiarized himself with the mode 
of life of the people. He left Madrid in Sept., 1831, 
and after a month's tour in Switzerland he again vis- 
ited Paris, where the winter was passed. 

The following spring, after travelling in Great 
Britain, he embarked for home. His frequent let- 
ters to relatives during four years' residence abroad 
contain many shrewd observations on the political 
situation in the countries where he sojourned, and 
he returned to Boston in July, 1832, with increased 
loyalty and affection for his native land. That same 
autumn he entered the counting-room of Messrs. 
A. & A. Lawrence, and soon after formed a business 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 103 

partnership with the late Samuel Frothingham, which 
continued for several years. 

Owing to a delicacy of constitution, Mr. Lawrence 
was obliged to spend several successive winters in 
climates more genial than that of his native city. In 
Dec, 1834, he made an extended Southern tour with 
his friend, Francis Boott, spending some ten weeks 
in Cuba. In the following year he became a mem- 
ber of the recently formed " French Club," composed 
chiefly of young men who had travelled abroad. 
This was the nucleus of the present Somerset Club. 

In Feb., 183S, he became engaged to Miss Susan 
Coombs Dana, daughter of Rev. Samuel Dana of 
Marblehead, Mass. Miss Dana was living at that 
time in Beverly with her aunt, Mrs. Israel Thorndike, 
in the fine old mansion which has been for many 
years the Town Hall building. The wedding took 
place at St. Paul's Church, Boston, on Dec. 6, follow- 
ing. After his marriage, Mr. Lawrence resided for 
several years in Brookline, which was the birthplace 
of his two elder sons. 

In 1 84 1 he began the study of medicine, attending 
lectures at the Harvard Medical School, and gradu- 
ating therefrom in 1844. In November of that year 
he sailed with his family for Havre, and thence went 
to Paris, where the ensuing sixteen months were de- 
voted to visiting the hospitals and attending clinics. 
After his return home, with his father's aid he fitted 
up a large building on " Boston Neck," and there in- 
stituted a Children's Infirmary. 

Dr. Lawrence was an original member of the War- 
ren Club, afterwards called the " Thursday Evening 



104 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Club," which was founded in 1847. In that year he 
left Brookline and occupied a house on Colonnade 
Row, Tremont Street, in Boston, and in the autumn 
of 1 85 1 he purchased a house on Beacon Street, 
nearly opposite Arlington Street. This house was at 
that time the most westward of inhabited dwellings 
on the so-called Mill-dam. After 1866 he made his 
home at Longwood. 

Dr. Lawrence was a member of the New England 
Emigrant Aid Society, which was formed with a 
view to the prevention of slavery in Kansas and Ne- 
braska, an enterprise wherein his brother Amos was 
especially prominent as a trustee and treasurer of 
the society, devoting thereto much time, energy, and 
material aid. Dr. Lawrence was interested in many 
philanthropic undertakings, and was a life member 
of the Boston Dispensary and for many years chair- 
man of its Board of Managers. He was also a trustee 
of the Boston City Hospital, of the Church Home 
for Orphan and Destitute Children, and of St. Luke's 
Home for Convalescents in Roxbury. 

In 1855 he published "The Diary and Corre- 
spondence of Amos Lawrence," a work which had a 
wide circulation. He was also the author of a " His- 
tory of the Boston Dispensary," and of a volume j 
entitled " The Charities of France." 

Dr. Lawrence was an active worker for the inter- 
ests of the Episcopal Church, and was instrumental 
in founding three parishes : St. John's, Jamaica Plain ; 
Emmanuel, in Boston ; and, with the cooperation of 
his brother, the Church of Our Saviour in Long- 
wood, a memorial to their father. After his mar- 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 105 

riage he attended St. Paul's Church, Boston, and had 
a class in its Sunday-school. Among his scholars 
were Arthur J. C. Sowdon, Charles H. Appleton, Dr. 
Hasket Derby, and Bishop Phillips Brooks. 

During the later years of his residence at Long- 
wood, symptoms of a spinal affection appeared, which 
developed slowly, but made it necessary for him to 
have an attendant. In the ensuing season of weak- 
ness and dependence upon others, he displayed con- 
stant patience and resignation, fully appreciative of 
the loving ministrations of those about him. His 
death occurred at Swampscott, Sept. 20, 1885.^ 

Mrs. Susan Coombs (Dana) Lawrence died at 
Magnolia, Mass., Aug. 14, 1900. 

As a memorial to William Richards Lawrence and 
Susan Coombs (Dana) Lawrence, their three sons 
built and gave to St. Luke's Home for Convalescents 
in Roxbury a chapel, to be known as St. Luke's 
Chapel. The corner-stone was laid Nov. 21, 1901, 
by Bishop William Lawrence, assisted by Rev. Ar- 
thur Lawrence, D. D., Rev. Reginald Heber Howe, 
D. D., and Rev. Charles Henry Brent, Bishop-elect 
of the Philippines. The first service in the new 
chapel was held on Sunday, June 22, 1902, and the 
building was consecrated by Bishop Lawrence, as- 
sisted by several of the clergy, Nov. 8, 1902. St. 
Luke's Chapel is constructed of brick and stone, and 
its entrance faces the Convalescent Home, with 
which it is connected by a covered gallery, which 

* No memoir of Dr. Lawrence having been published, the compiler 
has given the more space to this sketch, which is condensed from a 
fuller account, intended for separate publication. 



io6 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

also serves as a sun-parlor. The chapel is of the per- 
pendicular Gothic style of architecture, and is well 
proportioned, having a seating capacity for seventy 
persons. 

FAMILY NO. 15 

26. Amos Adams, m., at her father's house, 54 
Beacon Street, Boston, March 31, 1842, Sarah Eliza- | 
beth, the second daughter of Hon. William and Mary 
Anne (Cutler) Appleton. She was born at Boston, 
Feb. 9, 1822 ; d. at Longwood, May 27, 1891. 

Their children : 

113. I. Marianne Appleton, b. at Boston, May 
12, 1843; rn- Dr. Robert Amory. Family No. 24. 
Brookline. 

114. II. Sarah, b. at Brookline, July 5, 1845; m. 
Peter Chardon Brooks. Family No. 25. Boston 
and West Medford. 

115. III. Amory Appleton, b. at Boston, April j 
22, 1848. Family No. 26. Boston. 

116. IV. William, b. at Boston, May 30, 1850. | 
Family No. 27. Boston. 

117. V. Susan Mason, b. at Longwood, Feb. 4, 
1852 ; m., at Longwood, Sept. 25, 1883, William | 
Caleb Loring. i' 

THE LORING FAMILY 

William Caleb Loring is of the eighth genera- 
tion in descent from Thomas Loring of Axminster, 
Devonshire, England, whose wife was Jane Newton, 
also of Axminster. They crossed the sea to New 
England in 1634, with their sons Thomas and John, 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 107 

and made their home at Dorchester, Mass., for a short 
time, afterwards removing to Hingham, where he 
became one of the first deacons of the church estab- 
Hshed there in 1635. He was made a freeman at 
about the same time. In 1641 he settled at Hull, 
where he was elected constable in March, 1646. 
Deacon Thomas Loring is described as a " godly and 
religious man, who was a sufferer for his religion in 
his native land," and his wife was " a woman of a 
lively, active spirit, whose skill in the practice of 
physic brought her into an acquaintance with some 
of the principal persons in the country." 

John Loring, second son of Deacon Thomas, was 
born at Axminster, England, Dec. 22, 1630, and was 
but four years old when he accompanied his parents 
to America. In an old manuscript, a copy of which 
is to be found in the " Chronicles or Ancestral 
Records of the Loring Family of Massachusetts 
Bay," it is stated (p. 29) that " before he had attained 
the age of five years, he began to be religious. Going 
abroad to play, upon the Lord's Day, he fell down 
upon a stone and hurt his knee ; this had a deep 
impression upon his young and tender soul." John 
Loring's first wife was Mary, only child of Nathaniel 
and Sarah (Lane) Baker of Hingham, and their mar- 
riage took place Dec. 16, 1657. They had eight sons 
and three daughters. She d. July 13, 1679, and 
he m. for his second wife, Sept. 22, 1679, Rachel 
(Wheatly) Buckland, widow of Benjamin Buckland 
of Rehoboth. They had four children, of whom the 
youngest was Caleb. She d. Sept. 20, 171 3, and 
her husband d. at Hingham, Sept. 19, 17 14. 



io8 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Caleb Loring, first of the name, was born at Hull, 
Jan. 2, 1689. He m. (first) Elizabeth Baker, June 24, 
1 714. She d. Sept. 9, 1715, and he m. (second), 
Feb. 15, 1 7 19, Susanna Coxe, who d. April 8, 1723. 
Caleb Loring m. for his third wife, Feb. 6, 1732, 
Rebecca Lobdell. He was a justice of the peace, 
and a selectman of Hull. He d. Sept. 15, 1756. 

Caleb Loring, " second," son of the preceding, was 
born at Hull, March 29, 1736. He settled first at 
Hingham, and was "engaged in navigation." His j 
first wife was Sarah Bradford, whom he m. in 1 760. 
She d. July 11, 1769, and he m. (second) in 1770, 
Margaret (Tidmarsh) Loring, widow of his brother 
Joshua, and took up his residence in Boston, where 
he died in 1787. 

Caleb Loring, " third," son of Caleb and Sarah 
(Bradford) Loring, was born Jan. 13, 1764. He was 
a resident of Boston, and a member of the firm of 
Loring & Curtis, merchants. He m., Feb. 22, 1789, 
Ann, daughter of Captain Jonathan Greely. Caleb 
Lorinor was a member of the Massachusetts Humane 
Society, and senator from Suffolk County in 1828. 
He d. in Boston, Oct. 31, 1850. 

Charles Greely Loring, third child of Caleb and 
Ann (Greely) Loring, was born at Boston, May 2, 
1794. His mother was a daughter of Captain Jona- f 
than Greely, who was killed in an engagement with a 
British frigate off Marblehead, during the Revolu- 
tionary war. He was a medal scholar at the Boston 
Public Latin School, and entered the Sophomore 
Class at Harvard in 1809, graduating in 181 2. After i 
studying law at Litchfield, Conn., and in the office of 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 109 

Judge Charles Jackson, in Boston, he began practice 
in 18 1 5, and in the following year formed a partner- 
ship with Franklin Dexter. Mr. Loring was married 
three times, first in 18 16, to Anna Pierce Brace of 
Litchfield, Conn., who d. in 1836. She was the 
mother of Caleb William Loring. In 1840 he m. 
(second), Mary Ann, daughter of Judge Samuel 
Putnam. She d. in 1845, and he m. for his third 
wife, July 3, 1850, the widow Cornelia Goddard, whose 
maiden name was Amory. Mr. Loring continued to 
practise law in Boston for many years, and rose to 
eminence in his profession. From 1835 to 1857 he 
was a Fellow of Harvard College ; LL. D. 1850. In 
1854 he became the actuary of the Massachusetts 
Hospital Life Insurance Company, and was elected 
to the State Senate in 1862. He d. at Beverly, Mass., 
Oct. 8, 1867. 

Caleb William Loring, eldest child of Charles 
Greely and Anna Pierce (Brace) Loring, was born at 
Dorchester, Mass., July 31, 1819. At the age of ten 
he entered the Public Latin School in Boston, gradu- 
ated at Harvard in 1839, and at the Law School two 
years after. He was admitted to the Suffolk bar, 
July 6, 1842, and entered into partnership with his 
father and William Dehon. Mr. Loring m., Jan. 
15, 1846, at Boston, Elizabeth Smith, daughter of 
Joseph Augustus and Louisa (Putnam) Peabody of 
Salem. He was at one time president of the Plym- 
outh Cordage Company. He d. at Camden, S. C, 
Jan. 29, 1897. Mrs. Elizabeth Smith (Peabody) Lor- 
ing d. at Boston, Dec. 13, 1869. 
\ William Caleb Loring, a son of Caleb William and 



no THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Elizabeth Smith (Peabody) Loring, was born at 
Beverly, Mass., Aug. 24, 1851. He attended the 
private schools of Messrs. Fettee and Dixwell in 
Boston, and took the regular course at Harvard 
(A. B. 1872, A. M. 1875). After leaving college, he 
entered the Law School, from which he was grad- 
uated, receiving the degree of LL. B. cum latide, 
at Commencement, 1874, and was admitted to the 
Suffolk bar, June 21 of that year. In Aug. and Sept., 
1875, he held the position of secretary to Chief Jus- 
tice Horace Gray, and in December following was ap- 
pointed assistant attorney-general of Massachusetts 
under Hon. Charles Russell Train, which office he 
held until July, 1878, when he resigned and entered 
the firm of Ropes, Gray & Loring. Mr. Loring 
continued to practise law for twenty-one years, and 
from May, 1882, to June, 1884, he held the position , 
of general solicitor and general manager of the New 
York and New England Railroad Company. His 
marriage to Susan Mason Lawrence occurred Sept. \ 
25, 1883. He was appointed an associate justice of 
the Supreme Court of Massachusetts, Sept. 7, 1899, 
and at Commencement, 1901, Harvard University 
conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Laws. 

Justice Loring and Mrs. Loring have made many 
trips abroad and have travelled extensively in Europe. I 
Among his publications is an article on " The Effect 
of the Seventeenth Section of the Statute of Frauds," 
in the " American Law Review," Jan., 1875. 

118. VI. Hetty Sullivan, b. at Longwood, Nov. 
21, 1855; m. Frederick Cunningham. Family No. 
28. Longwood. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE in 

119. VII. Harriett Dexter, b. at Longwood, June 
8, 185S; m. Augustus Hemenway. Family No. 29. 
Boston and Readville. 

Mrs. Sarah Elizabeth (Appleton) Lawrence died at 
Longwood, May 27, 1891. 

Amos Adams Lawrence, the second son of Amos 
and Sarah (Richards) Lawrence, was born at Boston, 
July 31, 1 8 14. His mother died when he was but 
four years old, and he and his brother William were 
then sent to Groton, where they passed two years at 
the old homestead. After his father's second mar- 
riage, April 16, 1821, he received instruction at pri- 
vate schools in Boston for several years, and in 1827 
he was sent to Franklin Academy, a boarding-school 
situated in the North Parish, Andover, Mass. The 
master of this institution, Simeon Putnam, Esq., was 
a strict disciplinarian. Amos spent four years at 
Franklin Academy, and during that period were 
already noticeable those sterling traits of character 
which later rendered his name synonymous with the 
strictest integrity. 

He was admitted to Harvard, Aug. 31, 1831, and 
in the following spring occurred a so-called " gun- 
powder plot," in which some of his classmates were 
involved. Although not directly implicated in the 
affair, it was thought advisable that he should leave 
college for a time, in view of the excited state of 
feeling prevalent among the students, and this course 
was advocated by President Quincy. 

Accordingly he continued his studies during the 
ensuing eighteen months under the instruction of 



112 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Hon. John F. Stearns as tutor, taking up his abode 
at first in the town of Bedford. Here " the study of 
the village characters and his interest in the town 
meetings, with their lively Orthodox and Liberal dis- 
cussions, gave him that experience in affairs and that 
tact in meeting men of all classes, which he felt was 
a part of the education of every American boy, and 
which served him well in later years." ^ 

After leaving Bedford, he spent some months at 
Andover, and rejoined his class at Harvard, April 26, 

1833. ^ 

During the following spring vacation Amos made 

a journey to Washington, where he visited the 
Houses of Congress and was introduced to President 
Andrew Jackson by Hon. Franklin Pierce, who in 
1853 himself succeeded to the presidency. 

Graduating in 1835, he was for a short time with 
the firm of Almy, Patterson & Co., dry goods com- 
mission merchants in Boston ; and then made an ex- 
tended trip in the Western and Southern States, 
whereby he acquired much practical knowledge of 
business methods, which was of value in his subse- 
quent mercantile career. After his return home, , 
Mr. Lawrence was for three years engaged in busi- 
ness on his own account as a commission merchant. 
Owing to the unsettled conditions following the finan- 
cial crisis of the year 1837, he decided to close up his 
affairs, and in Nov., 1839, he visited Europe with hiS' 
brother-in-law. Rev. Charles Mason (H. U. 1832). 

i 

^ Life of Amos A. Lawrence, by his son, William Lawrence, 1888, 
p. 15. The compiler is indebted chiefly to the above-mentioned vol- 
ume for the facts contained in this account. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 113 

He remained abroad for about two years, travel- 
ling chiefly in Great Britain and Italy, and during 
this period maintained a frequent and voluminous 
correspondence with his father, his brother William, 
and other relatives. Soon after his return home, he 
married, March 31, 1842, Sarah Elizabeth Appleton, 
and took up his residence in Pemberton Square, 
Boston. In May, 1843, he formed a business part- 
nership with Robert M. Mason, under the style of 
Mason & Lawrence. After three years Mr. Mason 
retired, other partners were admitted, and the busi- 
ness was continued under the firm name of Lawrence 
& Co. For more than forty years they were selling 
agents for the Cocheco and Salmon Falls Manufac- 
turing Companies. Of the former Mr. Lawrence 
was president, and of the latter treasurer for a long 
period. He also served as a director of the Suffolk 
Bank, Massachusetts General Hospital, American 
Insurance Office, Boston Water Power Corporation, 
Amesbury Company, Middlesex Canal, Massachu- 
setts Bible Society, Massachusetts Board of Domes- 
tic Missions, and Groton Academy. 

But his manifold and engrossing business cares 
did not prevent him from devoting much time and 
attention to philanthropic and church work. Freely 
of his abundance he dispensed to the poor, and to 
his ready sympathy was joined a wise discrimination 
in giving. 

About the year 1846 he became the owner of a 
large tract of land in eastern Wisconsin, and here, on 
the banks of the Fox River, was founded the town of 
Appleton, which is now a thriving city and the capi- 



114 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

tal of Outagamie County. Here in 1849 was estab- 
lished " Lawrence University," a Methodist educa- 
tional institution, named after Mr. Lawrence, its 
founder and principal benefactor. 

In the autumn of 1851 he removed his residence 
from Pemberton Square, Boston, to Cottage Farm, 
afterward included in " Longwood," where he and 
his brother had bought many acres of land. 

When in 1854 the new Territory of Kansas was 
involved in a struggle between the pro-slavery party 
and the free-soilers, Mr. Lawrence became actively 
interested in promoting the cause of the latter, and 
served as treasurer and as one of three trustees of 
the New England Emigrant Aid Company, whose 
chief object was to prevent the establishment of slav- 
ery in Kansas and Nebraska. In furtherance of this 
aim he gave liberally of his means, and devoted to it 
much time and thought. Indeed it may truly be 
said that chiefly through his efforts and those of Mr. 
Eli Thayer of Worcester, Kansas became a free 
State. It was therefore most fitting that one of its 
principal cities should bear the name of Lawrence. 

In 1857 he was appointed treasurer of Harvard 
College, which position he held for about five years. 
In the fall of i860 he was chosen by the so-called 
" Union Party " as their candidate for governor of 
Massachusetts. Previous to the outbreak of the 
civil war, and for some time after, Mr. Lawrence, 
always intensely patriotic, was very active in further- 
ing the Union cause by every means in his power. 
In spite of numerous official and business cares, he 
devoted a portion of each day to military drill and to 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 115 

the instruction of college students and his fellow- 
townsmen in the manual of arms. In the autumn of 
1862 he was foremost in recruiting the Second Regi- 
ment, Massachusetts Volunteer Cavalry, commanded 
by Colonel Charles R. Lowell, and in the following 
year he served as a member of the committee ap- 
pointed by Governor Andrew to organize and recruit 
the Fifty-fourth Mass. Regiment (colored), of which 
Robert G. Shaw was the colonel. 

In the summer of 1865 steps were taken for the 
erection of a Memorial Hall at Cambridge in honor 
of those sons of Harvard who had given their lives 
for the preservation of the Union, and Mr. Lawrence 
was appointed chairman of the Finance Committee, 
whose task it was to raise funds for this object. 

In 1867 he and his brother erected the Church of 
Our Saviour, Longwood (in memory of their father), 
a handsome edifice, built of Roxbury stone, with 
granite trimmings. The church was consecrated by 
Bishop Eastburn, Sept. 29, 1868. In 1885 the stone 
rectory was built by Mrs. Amos A. Lawrence and 
presented to the parish; and in 1893 the beautiful 
transept of the church was finished by their children 
as a memorial to her. 

When the Episcopal Theological School at Cam- 
bridge was founded, Mr. Lawrence was chosen its 
treasurer, and held the position fifteen years. In 
1873 he built and presented to the school one half of 
a stone dormitory, known as " Lawrence Hall," which 
he finished seven years later. From 1879 to 1885 
he was an overseer of Harvard College. He was 
the first president of the New England Trust Com- 



ii6 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

pany, and a director of the Massachusetts Hospital 
Life Insurance Company. He was also for a time 
president of the National Association of Cotton 
Manufacturers and Planters, and of the Association 
of Knit-Goods Manufacturers. Mr. Lawrence died 
at Nahant, Aug. 22, 1886. 

From the Boston Daily Advertiser, Aug. 31, 1886 

To THE Editor of the Advertiser : Many notices 
have appeared in the public prints of the death of 
Amos A. Lawrence, but I have seen none which, to 
my mind, gave any adequate idea of his simple and 
unassuming but uncommon character. His most 
striking qualities were, perhaps, religion, benevo- 
lence, and public spirit. He was diligent in acquiring 
wealth, but his only object in doing so seemed to be 
to bestow it on others. His own tastes and require- 
ments were most simple. Entirely without ostenta- 
tion, thoroughly imbued with the democratic spirit of 
our institutions, he was a man of whom Bostonians 
should be proud as a simple, true American gentle- 
man, a natural product of the soil, whose purse and 
aid could always be counted upon for the further- 
ance of any good object, and who was equally prompt 
to speak out against and set his foot upon whatever 
seemed to him wrong. I know of no man whose re- 
lations to his fellow-men are more nearly expressed 
by Goldsmith's lines : 

" His ready smile a parent's warmth expressed, 
Their welfare pleased him and their cares distressed; 
To them his heart, his love, his griefs were given, 
But all his serious thoughts had rest in heaven." 



X 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 117 

He never knowingly spoke an unkind word or did 
an unkind action, and this, not from forethought, but 
because it would have been contrary to his kindly 
nature. \ 

His religious feeling manifested itself not only 
by the churches and religious schools which he built 
and endowed, but by his every-day conversation and 
writings, and though perhaps a little intolerant of the 
materialistic tendencies and unbelief of the present 
day, he was never a bigoted sectarian ; in fact, quite 
the contrary, and always took great satisfaction in 
the church which he attended in summer at Nahant, 
from the fact that its pulpit was filled by ministers 
of every persuasion, and that its congregation was 
equally varied, and it was a source of peculiar plea- 
sure to him that Christians of all sects could thus 
worship together. 

His home was an ideal one. Though endowed 

with " all that beauty, all that wealth e'er gave," it 

took its example from its head and was not spoiled 

by luxury. 

I - In Amos A. Lawrence the nation has lost one of 

its most patriotic citizens, his town one of its most 

liberal and public-spirited men, and his family its 

honored head and loving protector. But kind words 

can never die, nor a character like his be forgotten, 

and his memory will be cherished by a host of loving 

friends and be green in the hearts of his townsmen 

for many a day to come. 

Brookline. 






ii8 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

THE APPLETON FAMILY 

The lineage of the Appleton family of New Eng- 
land has been authentically traced from John 
Appulton, or Appleton, of Great Waldingfield, Suf- 
folk, England, where he was living at the beginning 
of the fifteenth century ; and it is probable that he 
was a descendant of William de Appleton of Suffolk, 
who died in 1326. 

Samuel Appleton, the emigrant ancestor, of the 
seventh generation from John, was born at Little 
Waldingfield in 1586. He m. (first), Jan. 24, 16 16, 
Judith Everard, at Preston, Lancashire. She d. and 

he m. (second) Martha about 1633. Samuel 

Appleton came to America in 1635, and settled at 
Ipswich, Mass. He was made a freeman, May 25, 
1636, and was a deputy to the General Court in 1637. 
He d. at Rowley in June, 1670. 

Colonel Samuel Appleton, second child of Samuel, 
the emigrant, and Judith (Everard) Appleton, was born 
in Waldingfield in 1624, and came to this country 
with his father when eleven years old. He m. (first), 
April 2, 1 65 1, Hannah, daughter of William Paine of 
Ipswich. They had three children. She d. and he 
m. for his second wife, Dec. 8, 1656, Mary, daughter 
of John Oliver of Newbury. He was a deputy to 
the General Court in 1668, and served several years. 
A commission as captain of a foot company of one 
hundred men was issued to him, Sept. 24, 1675. In 
this capacity he rendered valuable service during the 
early part of King Philip's war, and was promoted 
major and commander-in-chief of the New England 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 119 

forces on the Connecticut River. He was an assist- 
ant under the Massachusetts colonial government 
from 1682 to 1686, and a member of the first Pro- 
vincial Council under Sir William Phipps. In 1687 
he was imprisoned by the governor, Sir Edmund 
Andros, "as a person disaffected to his Majesty's 
Government," by reason of his resistance to the arbi- 
trary usurpation of power by the governor. Colo- 
nel Samuel Appleton was a judge of the Inferior 
Court of Common Pleas from 1692 until his death 
at Ipswich, May 15, 1696. 

Major Isaac Appleton, son of Colonel Samuel 
and Mary (Oliver) Appleton, was born at Ipswich in 
1664. His wife was Priscilla, daughter of Thomas 
Baker of Topsfield, and granddaughter of Lieuten- 
ant-Governor Symonds. He d. at Ipswich, May 22, 

1747- 

Isaac, son of Major Isaac and Priscilla (Baker) 
Appleton, was born at Ipswich, May 30, 1704. He 
m. (first) Elizabeth, daughter of Francis Sawyer of 
Wells, Me. (The bans were published April 25, 
1730.) She d. April 29, 1785, and he m. (second), 
Dec. II, 1785, Hephzibah, widow of Joseph Appleton. 
She d. at Ipswich, July 7, 1788. Isaac Appleton re- 
moved, about the year 1752, to New Ipswich, N. H., 
.vhere he became a deacon of the church and a re- 
spected citizen. " He was a true patriot, and on the 
iiews of the Concord fight reaching town, he exerted 
limself to arouse the people to hasten to repel the 
i;nemy, and went himself with them." He d. Dec. 
1:8, 1794, at the age of 90 years. 
I Rev. Joseph Appleton, tenth and youngest child of 



II 



120 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Isaac and Elizabeth (Sawyer) Appleton, was born at 
Ipswich, Mass., June 9, 1751. He graduated at 
Brown University, Providence, R. I., in 1772, and 
was ordained minister of the church in the Second 
Precinct of Brookfield (now North Brookfield), Mass., 
Oct. 30, 1776. His wife was Mary, daughter of Jacob 
Hook, a "gentleman farmer" of Kingston, N. H. 
He d. July 25, 1795. 

William Appleton, fourth child of Rev. Joseph and 
Mary (Hook) Appleton, was born at North Brook- 
field, Nov. 16, 1786. He attended schools at New 
Ipswich and Francestown, N. H., and Tyngsborough, 
Mass., and began business as a clerk in a country 
store kept by Artemas Wheeler at Temple, N. H. 1 
In 1807 he went to Boston and was there engaged 
for several years in trading in West India products,! 
afterwards becoming an importer of English goods. 1 
Mr. Appleton was highly successful as a merchant,'; 
and having acquired a handsome fortune he retired 
from active business about the year 1825. He was 
deservedly held in high esteem in the community, 
by reason of his integrity and liberal donations to ' 
philanthropic objects. From 1832 to 1836 he was 
president of the United States Branch Bank in Bos- 
ton and of the Provident Institution for Savings, the 
pioneer savings bank in this country. He was also 
president of the Board of Trustees of the Massachu- 
setts General Hospital. In Nov., 1850, Mr. Appleton 
was elected a representative to the thirty-second 
Congress from the Suffolk District of Massachu- 
setts, and served with ability during the sessions ol 
the Congresses of 1851-52 and 1853. He was re* 



i 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE i2i 

elected in i860, and represented his constituents at 
the special session of the thirty-seventh Congress, 
which was called in July, 1861, but he was obliged to 
return home on account of ill-health before the con- 
clusion of the session. Mr. Appleton was a promi- 
nent layman of the Episcopal Church. In 18 19, 
together with Daniel Webster and several others, he 
was appointed a member of the Building Committee 
of St. Paul's Church, Boston, and was also one of 
its first Board of Vestrymen in 1820. He built and 
conveyed to the Episcopal City Mission, in 1847, 
St. Stephen's Church, which stood on Purchase 
Str£et in Boston. This building was destroyed by 
the great fire of Nov., 1872. Mr. Appleton married, at 
Boston, Jan. 8, 18 15, Mary Anne, daughter of James 
Cutler of Boston. Their fourth child, Sarah Eliza- 
beth, married Amos Adams Lawrence of Boston, 
March 31, 1842. The Hon. William Appleton died 
at Longwood, Feb. 15, 1862. 

FAMILY NO. 16 

27. Susanna, m., June 11, 1838, at Boston, Rev. 
Charles Mason of Salem, Mass. She d. at Salem, 
Dec. 2, 1844. 

Their children are : 
I 120. I. Susan Lawrence, b. at Salem, Aug. 25, 
1839; m., at Emmanuel Church, Boston, July 17, 
1866, Fitch Edward Oliver, M. D. 

They had the following, all born at Boston: 

121. I. Charles Edward, b. Aug. 29, 1868. 

Charles Edward Oliver attended the schools of 



122 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Henry S. Mackintosh and G. W. C. Noble In Boston. 
In 1885 he took a special course at the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, and the following autumn 
entered Harvard with the Class of 1890, remaining 
one year. He then spent three years in the service 
of the Boston and Albany Railroad Company at 
East Boston, and has since been interested in build- 
ing construction, having served for seven years as a 
draughtsman in the office of Winslow & Wetherell, 
architects. He is now assistant New England agent 
of the Columbia Fireproofing Company of Pittsburg, 
Pa. In 1894, upon the reorganization of Battery 
A (Light Artillery), M. V. M., Mr. Oliver enlisted 
for three years. At the close of his term of service, 
the Spanish war having begun, he reenlisted for one 
year. Battery A was assigned to coast defence duty 
in Massachusetts, their headquarters being the estate 
of the late William R. Lawrence, M. D., at Galloupe's 
Point, Swampscott. 

122. 2. Andrew, b. Nov. i, 1869. 

Andrew Oliver had his preparatory training at 
Noble's school, Boston ; graduated at Harvard in 
1 89 1, and adopted classical teaching as his profession. 
After leaving college he was for a year instructor in 
Greek and Latin at the College of St. James, Mary- 
land ; and for two years held a similar position at 
Selwyn Hall Military Academy, Reading, Pa. While 
here he was offered the position of classical tutor at 
St. Mark's School, Southborough, which he declined. 
Returning to Harvard, he pursued his studies there 
for a year, receiving the degree of A. M. in 1895. 
During the ensuing two years he was associated with 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 123 

the late William E. Peck as head classical master at 
Pomfret School, Connecticut ; after which he spent 
a second year of graduate study at Columbia and 
New York universities, receiving the degree of Ph. D. 
from the latter in 1898. He then assumed charge of 
the Latin department at St. Matthew's School, San 
Mateo, Cal. ; where he has since remained. Mr. 
Oliver has been very successful as a teacher, and has 
many testimonials from the authorities of the several 
institutions with which he has been connected, as to 
his efficiency and good work in his chosen profession. 
He is a member of the American Dialect Society, 
the Harvard Classical Club, and the American Philo- 
logical Association, and has written various articles 
on educational subjects and on matters of outdoor 
sport, besides occasional contributions to the classical 
and philological journals. 

In the summer of 1898 he journeyed through 
Canada, travelling by sea from Victoria, British Co- 
lumbia, to San Francisco. The following season he 
made a voyage to the Hawaiian Islands, and passed 
the summer of 1900 in visiting the Yosemite Valley 
and other points of interest in California. The va- 
cation of 1 901 was spent in Europe. 

Department of Latin and Greek. 

St. Matthew's School, founded a. d. 1866 by the late Rev. 
Alfred Lee Brewer, D. D. 

San Mateo, Cal., April 13, 1903. 
Dr. R. M. Lawrence: 

Dear Sir, — I received from you a few weeks ago a 
notice concerning " The Descendants of Major Sam- 
uel Lawrence." The only " additional items," in my 



124 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

case, of any possible interest to the family may be, 
first, my election last year to membership in the 
Sierra Club, an organization whose objects are " to 
explore, enjoy, and render accessible the mountain 
regions of the Pacific coast ; to publish authentic in- 
formation concerning them; to enlist the support 
and cooperation of the people and the government 
in preserving the forests and other natural features 
of the Sierra Nevada Mountains." 

The second item that may possibly be of interest 
is the fact that I have recently declined a call to the 
headmastership of the Ohio Military Institute in 
Cincinnati. 

Wishing you all success in the completion of the 
Lawrence genealogy and biography, 

I am, very sincerely yours, 

Andrew Oliver. 

123. 3. Mary Mason, b. March 28, 1871; m., 
Aug. 15, 1894, Theophilus Parsons. 

Their daughter, 

124. Susan Lawrence Parsons, was born July 
28, 1895. 

Mary Mason (Oliver) Parsons d. at Boston, Oct. 
23. 1895. 

Theophilus Parsons, son of Thomas and Martha 
(Franklin) Parsons, and great-grandson of the emi- 
nent jurist, Theophilus Parsons, chief justice of the 
Supreme Court of Massachusetts (i 750-181 3), was 
born at Brookline, Mass., July i, 1849. His emigrant 
ancestor, Jeffrey Parsons, came from England to Bar- 
badoes Island, West Indies, about the year 1645, ^^^ 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 125 

settled in Gloucester, Mass., some nine years later. 
Theophilus Parsons, the subject of this sketch, had 
his early training at the preparatory schools of his 
native town, and at the Brookline High School. 
Entering Harvard in the autumn of 1866, he was 
graduated with the Class of 1870. While in col- 
lege he was a member of the University Crew. In 
Oct., 1870, he went to Holyoke, Mass., to study the 
manufacture of cotton cloth at the Lyman Mills, re- 
maining there until Nov., 1872, after which he went 
abroad, visiting many European manufactories. He 
was appointed agent of the Pocasset Manufacturing 
Company, Fall River, Mass., Jan. i, 1880, and of the 
Lyman Mills in the following September. Since 
Oct. I, 1884, he has been treasurer of the Lyman 
Mills. Mr. Parsons is senior warden of St. Paul's 
Church, Brookline. 

125. 4. Edward Pulling, b. Oct. 3, 1873. 

Edward Pulling Oliver studied at the private 
schools of Messrs. Hopkinson and Albert Hale in 
Boston. After leaving the latter, he took a course 
of two and a half years at the Bussey Institution, 
and in 1893 he worked as a farm-hand for some 
six months on a large dairy farm at North Williston, 
Chittenden County, Vt. In Oct., 1894, he entered 
the employ of the Lyman Mills at Holyoke, Mass. 
(cotton spinning and weaving), working in the vari- 
ous departments of the mills until June, 1897, in 
order to become conversant with the practical manu- 
facturing operations. He then entered the Boston 
office of the same company, where he has since 
remained. 



126 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

126. 5. Everard Lawrence, b. Jan. 11, 1876. 
Everard Lawrence Oliver pursued his early studies 

at Mr. Hopkinson's school in Boston, and entered 
Harvard with the Class of 1899, but left college in 
the middle of the Senior year on account of illness. 
He was a member of Light Battery A, M. V. M., 
from 1896 to 1900. In Dec, 1899, ^^ went abroad 
with a friend and classmate, Mr. Jordan Dumaresq, 
and spent eight very interesting months travelling in 
England, France, Switzerland, Italy, Greece, Turkey, 
the Holy Land, and Egypt. He also saw the Pas- 
sion Play at Ober-Ammergau. Mr. Oliver is now a 
student at the Harvard Medical School, Class of 
1904. 

127. 6. Susan Lawrence, b. Feb. 15, 1881. 

THE OLIVER FAMILY 

Fitch Edward Oliver, the youngest son of Dr. 
Daniel and Mary Robinson (Pulling) Oliver, was 
born at Cambridge, Mass., Nov. 25, 1819. He traced 
his ancestry from Dr. Thomas Oliver of London, 
England, who came to this country in the William 
and Francis in the year 1632, and became a resi- 
dent of Boston. Many of the descendants of this 
emigrant ancestor had a collegiate education, and 
became prominent as merchants and in political life, 
or as men of letters. Dr. Daniel Oliver, of the 
seventh generation, the father of Fitch Edward 
Oliver, was professor of Intellectual Philosophy at 
Dartmouth College, and lecturer on Chemistry and 
Materia Medica in the Medical School of that 
institution. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 127 

Fitch Edward Oliver pursued his early studies at 
the Franklin Academy in North Andover, Mass., at 
the Moors school, Hanover, N. H., and at Kimball 
Union Academy, Meriden, N. H. He took the reg- 
ular course at Dartmouth College, graduating in 1839. 
After a brief period spent in the law office of the Hon. 
Ira Perley of Concord, N. H., he decided to begin the 
study of medicine, and during the next two years he 
attended courses of lectures at the Harvard and Dart- 
mouth Medical Schools, and at the Medical College 
of Ohio, in Cincinnati. He continued his studies in 
Boston until the spring of 1843, receiving the degree 
of M. D. (Harvard) in that year. He then devoted 
more than a year to study and travel in Europe, and 
returning home in the autumn of 1844, he began the 
practice of medicine in Boston. For three years he 
served as one of the Boston Dispensary physicians. 

In 1849 Dr. Oliver was elected a corresponding 
member of the Glasgow Medico-Chirurgical Society 
in Scotland. From 1856 to i860 he was record- 
ing secretary of the Boston Society for Medical 
Improvement, and for eight years an editor of the 
" Boston Medical and Surgical Journal." When, in 
1864, the Boston City Hospital was opened for the 
reception of patients, he was appointed one of the 
visiting physicians, and retained the office until 1872, 
when he resigned, and was then appointed a consult- 
ing physician. He also served as one of the physi- 
cians of St. Luke's Home for Convalescents, and of 
the House of the Good Samaritan, and from i860 to 
1870 he was an instructor of Materia Medica in the 
Harvard Medical School. 



128 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

In addition to his professional work Dr. Oliver 
devoted considerable time to literary pursuits. In 
1848, together with Dr. William W. Morland, he 
translated from the French a learned treatise entitled 
"The Elements of General Pathology," by Dr. A. 
F. Chomel. In 1872 he contributed for the annual 
report of the Massachusetts State Board of Health 
an important article on " The Use and Abuse of 
Opium," and in 1875 he wrote a valuable paper on 
" The Health of Boston," which appeared in the 
seventh annual report of the same board. In 1880 
he edited and caused to be printed the manuscript 
Diaries of two of his ancestors, Benjamin Lynde and 
Benjamin Lynde, Jr., both of whom held the ofHce of 
chief justice of Massachusetts Bay. These Diaries 
cover the period from 1690 to 1780. He also edited 
and published in 1890, "The Diary of William 
Pynchon," a distinguished lawyer of Salem, Mass., 
at the time of the Revolution. Dr. Oliver also pre- 
pared manuscript memoirs of fourteen persons bear- 
ing the name of Oliver. In 1852 he published a 
small Book of Chants, which has passed through 
seven editions, and in 1856, jointly with Bishop 
Horatio Southgate, he edited the Psalter with appro- 
priate chants, the first volume of the kind published 
in this country. 

In 1876 he was elected a member of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society, and afterwards rendered I 
valuable service as its cabinet-keeper. He was a ^ 
member of the corporation of the Church of the Ad- 
vent for forty-five years, and was its senior warden at 
the time of his death. The degree of Master of Arts 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 129 

was conferred upon him by Trinity College, Hart- 
ford, Conn., in i860. Dr. Oliver died in Boston, 
Dec. 8, 1892.^ 

128. II. Amos Lawrence, b. at Salem, Mass., 
April 20, 1842; m., at Boston, Sept. 30, 1874, Louisa 
Blake Steedman, daughter of Rear Admiral Charles 
Steedman, U. S. N., and Sarah (Bishop) Steedman. 

They have a daughter, 

129. Marion Steedman Mason, who was born at 
Pride's Crossing, Beverly, Mass., July 17, 1875; m., 
at Emmanuel Church, Boston, March 11, 1902, 
Richard Thornton Wilson, Jr., of New York, son 
of Richard Thornton and Clementine (Johnston) 
Wilson. He was born Sept. 11, 1866, obtained his 
early education at schools in New York, and grad- 
uated from Columbia University in 1887. He is 
a banker by profession, and has held the office of 
commissioner of municipal statistics in his native 
city. Residences, New York, Newport, R. I., and 
May River Bluff, S. C. 

Amos Lawrence Mason is a descendant of Gen- 
eral John Mason (b. in England about the year 
1600; trained as a soldier in the Dutch Netherlands; 
emigrated to Dorchester, Mass., about 1630, thence 
to Connecticut, where he served with distinction in 
the war against the Pequot Indians ; appointed ma- 
jor-general of the Connecticut forces and deputy- 

1 A Memoir of Fitch Edward Oliver, M. D., prepared by the Rev. 
Edmund F. Slafter, D. D., was privately printed in 1894. From this 
memoir chiefly, the information contained in the above sketch has been 
derived. 



130 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

governor of the Colony ; author of a history of the 
Pequot war; d. at Norwich, Conn., in 1672). Dr. 
Mason obtained his early education at the Public 
Latin School and E. S. Dixwell's school in Boston. 
He took the regular four years' course at Harvard 
(A. B. 1863), and after graduation was for one year 
a student of law at the Harvard Law School and in 
the office of Mr. (afterwards Justice) Horace Gray. 
He then engaged in literary pursuits until the spring 
of 1865, when he sailed for Europe. In 1868 he en- 
tered the Harvard Medical School, where he re- 
mained four years, during the last of which he was 
house-officer in the Massachusetts General Hospital, 
and received the degree of M. D. in 1872. After a 
year's study in Germany, he returned to Boston, and 
since 1873 has practised his profession there, and at 
Bar Harbor, Me. 

Dr. Mason has served as one of the physicians of 
the Boston City Hospital, Carney Hospital, Chan- 
ning Home for Incurables, and Boston Dispensary ; 
has held the positions of clinical instructor in Aus- 
cultation and associate professor of Clinical Medicine 
in the Harvard Medical School, and has been presi- 
dent of the Suffolk District Medical Society and of 
the Boston Society for Medical Improvement. He 
has made several journeys to Europe for study and 
travel, and one to the Nile and Syria in 1867-68. 
Dr. Mason has written various articles for medical 
publications, including the following : " Boston City 
Hospital Reports: Two Hundred Cases of Pleura 
Effusion, with Reference to the Operation of Tap- 
ping the Chest," 1882. "Diseases of the Pleura," 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 131 

in Wilson and Eshner's " American Text-book of 
Applied Therapeutics," Philadelphia, 1896. "Bron- 
chitis, Acute, Chronic, Plastic, Bronchiectasis," and 
•' Asthma ; Hay Fever," in Loomis and Thompson, 
"A System of Practical Medicine," New York, 1897. 
(i) "Subphrenic Abscess"; (2) " Gail-Bladder Infec- 
tion in Typhoid Fever," Transactions of the Associa- 
tion of American Physicians, 1893 '^^d 1897. " Diph- 
theria, Scarlet Fever, and Measles ; " A Summary of 
Two Thousand Cases admitted to the City Hospital, 
1 880-1 889." "Cases in which Typhoid Fever oc- 
curred twice in the same Patient," and various other 
articles on typhoid, typhus, and the acute fevers. 

130. in. Mary, b. Nov. 22, 1844, at Salem; m., 
at Boston, Jan. 6, 1870, Howard Stockton, who was 
born at Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 15, 1842. Residences 
at Boston and Wareham, Mass. 

Their children: 

131. I. Lawrence Mason, b. at Springfield, 
Mass., Feb. 18, 1871. 

Lawrence Mason Stockton prepared for college at 
St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H., and graduated at 
Harvard in 189 1. He then studied law at the Har- 
vard Law School, receiving the degree of LL. B. in 
1894, and became a member of the firm of Lowell, 
Stimson & Stockton, afterwards Stimson & Stockton, 
53 State Street, Boston. He holds various positions 
of responsibility, being a director of the New Eng- 
land Trust Company and clerk of the Essex Com- 
pany. He was a member of the Boston Common 
Council in 1888 and 1889. Mr. Stockton has been 
court tennis champion of the United States. 



132 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

132. 2. Mary Remington, b. at Brookline, May 
10, 1872; m., Oct. 14, 1903, Wm. Amory, 2d. 

133. 3. Philip, b. at Brookline, March 20, 1874. 
Philip Stockton studied at Noble's school, Boston, 

after which he entered Harvard College, graduating 
in 1896. He then took a three years' course at the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, receiving the 
degree of S. B. in Civil Engineering, in 1899. After 
a year in the service of the Merrimac Manufactur- 
ing Company, Huntsville, Ala., he became treasurer 
of the Lowell Bleachery. He is now president of 
the City Trust Company, a new organization, incor- 
porated in 1900, and having oflfices at 40 State Street, 
Boston. 

134. 4. Ethel, b. at Beverly, Sept. 2, 1876. 

135. 5. Eleanor, b. at Milton, Aug. 25, 1878. 

136. 6. Jane Mason, b. at Boston, Nov. 27, 
1880. 

137. 7. Howard, b. at Boston, Dec. 18, 1883. 
Howard Stockton, Jr., fitted for college at Groton 

School, Groton, Mass., and is a member of the Class 
of 1905 at Harvard. 

Mrs. Mary (Mason) Stockton d. at Wareham, 
Mass., July 27, 1886. 

Howard Stockton is a descendant, of the seventh 
generation, from Richard Stockton, who married 

Abigail in England, emigrated to America, and 

became a freeholder at Flushing, L. I., about the 
year 1656. He was appointed lieutenant of the horse 
company of Flushing in 1665, and lieutenant of the 
foot company of the same town in 1669. In 1690 he 
removed to Oneanickon, Burlington County, N. J.; 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 133 

. d. Sept., 1 707. Richard, his eldest child, accompanied 
his father to New Jersey, and settled first at Piscata- 
way in Middlesex County, but afterwards became a 
resident of Stony Brook, now Princeton, in Somerset 
County. He m., Nov. 8, 1691, Susanna Robinson. 
He d. in 1709. John Stockton, the fifth child of the 
above (1701-57), a resident of Princeton, was a judge 
of the Court of Common Pleas for the County of 
Somerset. He m., in 1729, Abigail Phillips. Their 
third child, Philip (1746-92), became a clergyman 
at Princeton, and m., April 13, 1769, Katharine 
Cumming. Lucius Witham, the second child of 
Philip (b. May 26, 1771), of Flemington, N. J., 
was clerk of the County of Hunterdon. He m. 
Eliza Augusta, daughter of Charles Coxe, Esq., of 
Sidney. Philip Augustus Stockton, the third child 
of the above, of Newport, R. I. (1802-76), was a 
lieutenant in the United States Navy and held for 
a time the office of consul-general to Saxony. He m. 
(first) Sarah Cantey, and had two sons. She d. and 
he m. (second), Dec. 3, 1840, at Philadelphia, Mary 
Ann Remington, daughter of J. B. and Hannah 
(Pym) Remington of Philadelphia. 

Howard Stockton, their only child, was born at 
Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 15, 1842. His early education 
was obtained at private schools in Newport, R. I., and 
at the Royal Saxon Polytechnic, Dresden, Saxony, 
where he graduated in 1862 (silver medallist). He 
was appointed captain and acting aide-de-camp, U. S. 
Volunteers, June 9, 1862; first lieutenant, Third 
Rhode Island Cavalry, March 17, 1864; second lieu- 
tenant, Ordnance Corps, U. S. A., May 23, 1864; 



134 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

brevet first lieutenant and brevet captain, U. S. A., 
Sept. 14, 1866; first lieutenant, Ordnance Corps, 
U. S. A., May 13, 1867. Mr. Stockton was admitted 
to the Massachusetts bar, Sept. 20, 1871. Since then 
he has held the following positions : Treasurer of the 
Cocheco Manufacturing Company, from 1876 to 
1887 ; treasurer of the Salmon Falls Manufacturing 
Company, from 1880 to 1887 ; president of the Ameri- 
can Bell Telephone Company, 1887-89; treasurer of 
the Merrimac Manufacturing Company, 1 889-1 900; 
treasurer of the Essex Company, 1882; actuary of 
the Massachusetts Hospital Life Insurance Company, 
1901 ; member of the Standing Committee, Diocese 
of Massachusetts, 1890; delegate to the Diocesan 
Convention, 1888 to 1892; vestryman in St. Paul's 
Church, Boston, director in the Merchants' and Old 
Boston National Banks, City Trust Company, and 
Boston Manufacturers' Mutual Insurance Company; 
vice-president of the American Mutual Liability In- 
surance Company; president of the Nashua Manu- 
facturing Company, and of the Jackson Company; 
trustee of the Boston Athenaeum, and for many large 
estates ; member of the executive committee of the 
corporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology. 

138. IV. Sarah, b. Nov. 22, 1844, at Salem; m., 
at Boston, Oct. 15, 1868, Hasket Derby, M. D., who 
was born at Boston, June 29, 1835. Residences, 
Boston and Bar Harbor, Me. 

Their children : 

139. I. Charles Albrecht, b. at Boston, Jan. 26, 
1871 ; d. June 5, 1872. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 135 

140. 2. Eloise, b. at Brookline, July 3, 1873. 
She has travelled much in Europe and elsewhere. 

In the autumn of 1902 she went to China with Mr. 
and Mrs. Thomas R. Wheelock, and spent a large 
part of the ensuing winter in Shanghai. She re- 
turned home in June, 1903. 

141. 3. George Strong, b. at Boston, May 29, 1875 ; 
m., Aug. 5, 1901, at Falmouth Foreside, near Port- 
land, Me., Mary Brewster Brown, daughter of Gen. 
John Marshall and Alida (Carroll) Brown. 

George Strong Derby attended Mr. Noble's school 
in Boston, and entered Harvard, taking the regular 
course, and graduating in 1896. While in college he 
rowed on the University Crew. He received the de- 
gree of M. D. (Harvard) in 1900, and served for a 
year as surgical interne at the Massachusetts Gen- 
eral Hospital. Dr. Derby was for a time a member 
of the Massachusetts Naval Battalion. Soon after 
his marriage he went abroad to complete his medical 
education, and passed the winter of 1901-02 in Vi- 
enna, Austria, studying pathology and ophthalmo- 
logy. The following spring he went to Freiburg, in 
Breisgau, Germany, where he continued his work 
under Professor Axenfeld for seven months or more. 
At this writing he is studying at Utrecht under Pro- 
fessor Snellen, and expects to remain there several 
months, after which he intends visiting Paris and 
London, returning to Boston in the autumn of 1903 
to practise his profession. Mrs. Derby accompanied 
her husband to Europe. 

142. 4. Stephen Hasket, b. at Boston, Dec. 25, 
1877. 



136 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Stephen Hasket Derby spent four years at St. 
Paul's School, Concord, N. H., and then went to 
Harvard, graduating in 1899. After leaving college 
he entered the Law School, taking a three years' 
course. He graduated cum laude, and was admitted 
to the Massachusetts bar in Oct., 1901. In July, 1902, 
he sailed from San Franciso for Honolulu, to engage 
in the practice of law. Since then he has been with 
the law firm of Kinney, McClanahan & Bigelow 
(formerly Kinney, Ballou & McClanahan). The in- 
auguration of the Pacific cable, connecting the Ha- 
waiian Islands with San Francisco, took place in 
Jan., 1903, and Mr. Derby has been appointed one 
of a committee of three to report on the subject of a 
suitable code. It is probable that he will make his 
home in Honolulu. 

143. 5. Robert Mason, b. at Boston, Dec. 11, 
1879. 

Robert Mason Derby obtained his early education 
at Noble's school, Boston, and took a five years' 
course at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
but left there at the close of the fourth year in 1901. 
He has a position in the freight department of the 
New York Central Railroad Company. 

144. 6. Augustine, b. at Boston, Feb. 2, 1882. 
Augustine Derby prepared for college at Noble's 

school, and is a member of the Harvard Class of 
1903. He expects to enter the Law School in the 
autumn of that year. 

145. 7. Arthur Lawrence, b. at Boston, March 
3, 1884. 

Arthur Lawrence Derby fitted for college at No- 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 137 

ble's school, and was for a few months at the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology. He entered Har- 
vard in the autumn of 1901 as a member of the 
Class of 1905. He has been quite a traveller in his 
boyhood, having visited the West Indies and South 
America. 

146. 8. Francis, b. at Boston, Jan. 15, 1886; d. 
Sept. 2, 1886. 



THE DERBY FAMILY 



Roger Derby, the emigrant, was born at Topsham, 
a seaport town of Devonshire, England, near Exeter, 
in the year 1643. His first wife was Lucretia Hill- 
man, whom he married in England, Aug. 23, 1668. 
They came to America three years later, arriving in 
Boston, July 18, 167 1, and soon after removed to 
Ipswich, Mass. " They were nonconformists, and 
affiliated to the Quakers, who at that time were terri- 
bly persecuted."^ In 1681 they took up their abode 
in Salem. Mrs. Lucretia (Hillman) Derby died (prob- 
ably at Salem), and Roger Derby m. (second), in 
168 1 (?), Elizabeth, widow of William Dynn, and 
daughter of Stephen and Elizabeth Hasket, — a na- 
tive of England, — who d. at Salem about March, 
1 740. Roger Derby was by trade a chandler, and 
also dealt in dry goods. He d. at Salem, May 25, 
1689. 

Richard Derby, sixth of the eight children of 
Roger and his first wife, Lucretia, was b. at Ipswich, 
Mass., Oct. 8, 1679. He m., Feb. 25, 1702, Martha 

1 The Driver Family, compiled by Harriet Ruth (Waters) Cooke, p. 
279. 



138 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Hasket, a sister of his stepmother. His occupation 
was that of a shipmaster. He d. Feb. 25, 1715. 

Captain Richard Derby, a son of Richard, Sr., was 
b. at Salem, Sept. 12, 171 2. At the age of twenty- 
four he became master of the sloop Ranger, sailing 
from Salem to Spanish ports, and in 1742 he had 
charge of the Volaiit, bound for Barbadoes. He m. 
Mary Hodges, Feb. 3, 1735. Captain Derby "re- 
tired from the sea" in 1757, and engaged in business 
as a merchant in Salem. He was a member of the 
General Court from 1769 to 1773. To him was in- 
trusted by the Provincial Congress an official account 
of the battle of Lexington, with other important pa- 
pers, which he dispatched by a swift vessel, com- 
manded by Captain John Derby, to London, where 
they arrived. May 29, 1775, eleven days in advance 
of the dispatches of General Gage. 

" Captain Richard Derby owned at that time, a 
little fast-sailing schooner called the Quero, of sixty- 
two tons burden, a mere yacht. He offered her to 
the Provincial Congress. Captain Derby's two sons, 
Richard, Jr., and John, enlisted with him in the ven- 
ture. His younger son, Elias Hasket Derby, was in 
the counting-room, keeping books. Richard was to 
fit out, and John, who was thirty-four years old, to 
command, the Quero. In a very few days she was 
ready to weigh anchor. Gage's dispatch by the 
royal express packet Sukey had sailed April 24, but 
that gave no uneasiness, for the packet was slow and 
deep-laden. At length, on the 27th of April, sailing 
orders passed the Congress, and the Quero seems to 
have escaped during the night between the 28th and 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 139 

29th. . . . No American's advent in London ever 
produced so real a sensation as did that of a Salem 
sailor, Captain John Derby, in May, 1775. He 
brought the news of Concord and Lexington in ad- 
vance of the king's messenger, and made it known 
to the British public. Derby reached London on 
Sunday evening. May 28, 1775. On the next day 
the news was well abroad, and was received with 
consternation and the wildest comment." 

Captain John Derby was not only the bearer of 
the first tidings of the beginning of the war to the 
mother country, but he was also the messenger, 
eight years later, in 1783, who brought home from 
Paris, in the ship Astrcsa, the first news of peace. 

Captain Richard Derby d. at Salem, Nov. 9, 1783. 

Elias Hasket Derby, Sr., son of the preceding, 
was b. Aug. 16, 1739. As a young man he had 
charge of his father's business accounts and corre- 
spondence, afterwards becoming extensively engaged 
in commerce on his own account. He was highly 
successful as a merchant, and founded the Salem 
East India trade. Mr. Derby assisted in the forma- 
tion of the first colonial navy, in the early days of 
the Revolution, and many of the vessels of his large 
fleet, sailing under letters of marque, preyed upon 
British commerce on the high seas. He m. Eliza- 
beth Crowninshield, April 23, 1761. He d. at Salem, 
Sept. 8, 1799. 

His son, Elias Hasket Derby, Jr., was b. at Salem, 
Jan. 10, 1766. In early life he followed the sea, and 
made many voyages to foreign lands, among them 
one to India, where he spent three years. Return- 



I40 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

ing to Salem, he became a merchant, " succeeding to 
the occupation of the home built by his father, and 
after ten years of retirement was forced by reverses 
in business, and the expenses incident to maintaining 
a princely establishment, to resume trade." (See 
Lamb's Biographical Dictionary.) The first broad- 
cloth loom operated in Massachusetts was estab- 
lished by him in 1812. He m. Lucy Brown, June 
10, 1797. Harvard College conferred upon him the 
degree of A. M. in 1803. Mr. Derby removed his 
residence to Londonderry, N. H., in Dec, 181 5, and 
there d. Sept. 16, 1826. "He was greatly respected 
for his talents and extensive information, and beloved 
for his generosity, benevolence, hospitality, and pub- 
lic spirit." (Londonderry epitaph.) 

Elias Hasket Derby, third of the name, son of 
Elias Hasket and Lucy (Brown) Derby, was b. in 
Salem, Sept. 24, 1803. He attended the Boston 
Public Latin School, and then entered Harvard Col- 
lege, graduating with the Class of 1824. Afterwards 
he studied law with Daniel Webster, who was a friend 
of his father, and later engaged in practice as an 
attorney in Boston. He m., Sept. 4, 1834, Eloise 
Lloyd, daughter of George W. and Angelina (Lloyd) 
Strong. Mr. Derby was admitted to the Court of 
Common Pleas in Suffolk in Oct., 1827, and to the 
Supreme Judicial Court in Oct., 1829. "He was a 
broad, progressive man, and became a railroad law- 
yer. At one time he was the president of the Old 
Colony Railroad Company." " While achieving legal 
eminence, Mr. Derby has not forgotten the pleasant 
walks of literature, which inspired and charmed his 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 141 

college days. The ' Edinburgh Review ' and ' At- 
lantic Monthly,' and indeed nearly all the leading 
magazines at home and abroad, have been enriched 
by articles from his pen. He is also the author of 
' Two Months Abroad,' ' The Catholic,' ' The Over- 
land Route to the Pacific,' and many reports on the 
British Provinces, the Fisheries, and kindred sub- 
jects, written while commissioner of the United 
States, all of which had wide circulation." (" Lon- 
donderry Celebration," p. 85.) Mr. Derby d. at 
Boston, March 31, 1880. 

Dr. Basket Derby, a son of Elias Hasket Derby, 
third, and Eloise Lloyd (Strong) Derby, was b. at 
Boston, June 29, 1835. He attended the Boston 
Latin School (1846-51) and Amherst College (A. B. 
1855). He graduated from the Harvard Medical 
School in 1858, after which he spent more than three 
years in studying at the Universities of Vienna and 
Berlin, and in attending clinics and hospitals in Lon- 
don, Paris, and Utrecht. Upon his return to Boston 
he entered upon the practice of his profession, and 
has Ions: been well known as one of our foremost oc- 
culists. He has held the positions of house-surgeon 
at the Mass. General Hospital, surgeon to the Mass. 
Charitable Eye and Ear Infirmary, and ophthalmic 
surgeon to Carney Hospital, and was at one time 
lecturer on Ophthalmology at the Harvard Medical 
School. During the civil war he was for a short time 
in the service of the Sanitary Commission at Fortress 
Monroe. Dr. Derby has made seventeen trips to Eu- 
rope, usually during the summer months. He is the 
author of numerous articles in the " Boston Medical 



142 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

and Surgical Journal," and in periodicals devoted 
to ophthalmology. Among his publications are the 
following: "The Modern Operation for Cataract," 
Boston, 1 87 1. "A Report on the Percentage of 
Near-sight found to exist in the Class of 1880, at 
Harvard College, with Some Account of Similar In- 
vestigations. An Account of the Phakometer of 
Snellen," Cambridge, 1877. " Holocain in Ophthal- 
mic Surgery. Its Superiority over Cocaine; its 
Therapeutic Value," New York, 1899 (Reprinted 
from the " Archives of Opthalmology," vol. 28). Dr. 
Derby is a member of various medical organizations 
at home and abroad. 

Charles Mason, the youngest son of the eminent 
statesman and jurist, Hon. Jeremiah Mason, and 
Mary (Means) Mason, was born at Portsmouth, N. H., 
July 25, 18 1 2. He received instruction at the Ports- 
mouth Academy, and prepared for college under the 
tuition of its preceptor. Rev. Andrew P. Peabody, 
D. D. Entering Harvard in 1829, he took a three 
years' course, graduating in 1832. He then began 
the study of theology at the Andover Seminary, and 
passed two years at the General Theological Sem- 
inary in New York. He was ordained deacon by 
Bishop Griswold in 1836, and became the rector of 
St. Peter's Church in Salem, May i, 1837, retaining 
this position during ten years of successful ministry. 
In 1847 ^^ assumed the charge of Grace Church, 
Boston, and remained its rector for fourteen years. 
During this period he was also engaged in philan- 
thropic work among the poor. The Church Home 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 143 

for Orphan and Destitute Children, now at South 
Boston, originated in the parish of Grace Church, 
and Dr. Mason may properly be regarded as the 
founder of this institution. He received the degree 
of Doctor of Divinity from Harvard in 1858, and 
from Trinity College, Hartford, Conn., the same 
year. Dr. Mason was deeply afflicted by the death, 
at Salem, Dec. 2, 1844, of his wife Susanna, beloved 
daughter of Amos Lawrence. After an interval of 
nearly five years, he married Anna Huntington 
Lyman, tenth child of the Hon. Jonathan Hunting- 
ton and Sophia (Hinckley) Lyman of Northampton, 
Mass. They had three children : Anna Sophia Ly- 
man Mason, who married Professor John Chipman 
Gray ; Rev. Charles Jeremiah Mason ; and Harriet 
Sargent Mason. Dr. Mason died at Boston, March 
23, 1862. Phillips Brooks thus wrote of him in the 
" Memorial History of Boston," vol. iii. p. 464 : " The 
Reverend Charles Mason, rector of Grace Church, 
has left a record of the greatest purity of life and 
faithfulness in work." A Memoir of Dr. Mason was 
prepared by his friend and former instructor, Rev. 
A. P. Peabody, D. D., and printed in 1863. 

FAMILY NO. 17 

48. Annie Bigelow, m., Jan. 22, 1846, Benjamin 
Smith Rotch of New Bedford, Mass. 
Their children : 

147. L Edith, b. at Boston, July 30, 1847; d. at 
Lenox, Mass., May 14, 1897. 

148. H. Arthur, b. at Boston, May 13, 1850; m., 



144 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

at Bristol, R. I., Nov. i6, 1892, Lisette deWolf Colt; 
d. at Beverly, Mass., Aug. 15, 1894. 

Arthur Rotch obtained his early education at 
Epes S. Dixwell's school in Boston, and graduated 
at Harvard College with the Class of 187 1. He then 
devoted himself to the study of architecture, taking 
a two years' course at the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology and spending a year in the office of 
Henry Van Brunt. In Feb., 1874, he went abroad, 
and entered the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris. 
During his stay at this institution he carried off 
many honors, which were awarded him by examin- 
ing juries for designs presented in competitions. In 
the course of extensive travels in Europe he made a 
specialty of the study of decorations. 

Mr. Rotch returned to Boston in Aug,, 1880, 
after an absence of more than six years, and formed 
a partnership with George T. Tilden, under the name 
of Rotch & Tilden, architects. This firm erected 
numerous public buildings and churches. Among 
these are the churches of the Messiah, Ascension, and 
Holy Spirit, in Boston, the Art Museum and Art 
School at Wellesley College, and public libraries at 
Groton and Bridgewater, Mass., and at Eastport, Me. 
They also designed and built numerous private resi- 
dences in some of the principal cities and summer 
resorts of the United States. The Suffolk County 
Court House in Boston was erected under Mr. Rotch's 
supervision. He was a member of the corporation of 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and chair- 
man of its Department of Architecture. He was also 
a trustee of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts and of 
the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 145 

Mr. Rotch inherited from his father a taste for 
painting in water-colors, and was an artist of no mean 
ability. His death occurred at Beverly, Mass., Aug. 
15, 1894. In his will he made handsome bequests to 
Harvard College for the formation of a Department 
of Architecture in the Lawrence Scientific School, to 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, to the 
Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and to the Massachu- 
setts Charitable Eye and Ear Infirmary. 

" In Memory of Arthur Rotch. Resolutions 
adopted by the Corporation of the Massachusetts In- 
stitute of Technology. 

" In the death of Mr. Arthur Rotch the Institute 
of Technology has lost one whose relations to it have 
been peculiarly intimate. Mr. Rotch attended the 
Institute as a student of architecture in the years 
1872 and 1873; and, after his return from foreign 
study and travel to begin professional practice in 
Boston, he at once became a counsellor in regard to 
matters concerning the Institute, and especially the 
instruction in architecture. Elected a member of 
the Corporation in 1886, he became chairman of the 
Visiting Committee of that department. His interest 
in the work of the Institute and his warm personal 
regard for Professors Chandler and Letang drew him 
to visit the department with unusual frequency and to 
inspect its progress with the most careful scrutiny. 
His thorough mastery of his profession and his exqui- 
site culture made his suggestions and recommenda- 
tions always valuable. For years he remained the 
constant advisor of the instructors, on the one hand, 
while on the other he represented to the Corporation 



146 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

the needs of the department with a fulness of know- 
ledge which always commanded assent to his views. 
On the occasion of the lamented death of Professor 
Letang, Mr. Rotch took an active interest in the 
appointment of a worthy successor ; and when the 
growth of the department required the erection of a 
new and separate building, he not only gave to the 
work much time and attention, but contributed liber- 
ally of his means to the equipment of the building. 
The library of the Architectural Department will long 
remain a visible memorial of him." 

Resolutions adopted by the Boston Society of 
Architects : 

" The executive committee of the Boston Society 
of Architects desires to put on record its sense of the 
loss which the Society, in common with the whole 
profession of architects, has sustained in the death of 
its associate, Arthur Rotch. 

" Mr. Rotch was not merely a successful architect ; 
he was a man who, having great opportunities of use- 
fulness, felt in an unusual degree the responsibility 
which they involved, and used them gladly and with 
enthusiasm for the elevation and purifying of the pro- 
fession and for the enlightenment and education of 
the public, and his untimely death is to be deplored 
by all who have at heart the interests and dignity of 
architecture in the United States." 

149. III. Aimee, b. at Paris, France, June 16, 
1852 ; m., at Boston, Dec. 2, 1873, Winthrop Sargent 
of Boston. 

Winthrop Sargent is of the seventh generation in 
descent from William Sargent of Exeter, England, 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE X47 

who went from there to Bridgetown, Barbadoes, 
about the middle of the seventeenth century, after- 
wards returning to England. His wife's name was 
Mary Epes. His son William, called " second," also 
supposed to have been born in Exeter, was educated 
at Barbadoes, and settled, about the year 1678, at 
Gloucester, Mass., where he built a house at Eastern 
Point. He m., June 21, 1677, Mary, daughter of 
Peter Duncan, and they had fourteen children. He 
d. before June, 1707. 

Colonel Epes Sargent, sixth child of William the 
"second" and Mary (Duncan) Sargent, was born 
July 12, 1690. He m. (first), April i, 1720, Esther, 
daughter of Christian and Florence Macarty of Rox- 
bury. She d. July i, 1743. He m. (second), Aug. 
10, 1744, widow Catharine Brown of Salem. Epes 
Sargent was a successful merchant, a magistrate, 
representative to the General Court of Massachusetts 
in 1744, and held the rank of colonel in the militia. 
He d. at Salem, Dec. 6, 1762. 

Daniel Sargent, seventh child of Colonel Epes and 
Esther (Macarty) Sargent, was born March 18, 1731. 
He m., Feb. 3, 1763, Mary, daughter of John and 
Mary Turner. He d. Feb. 18, 1806. 

Henry Sargent, fourth child of the preceding, was 
baptized Nov. 25, 1770; m., April 19, 1807, Hannah, 
daughter of Samuel Welles, a merchant of Boston. 

Henry Winthrop Sargent, eldest child of the 
above-named, was born at Boston, Nov. 26, 18 10. 
He was a graduate of Harvard, Class of 1830, and 
studied law for a time, afterwards engaging in busi- 
ness. Mr. Sargent had a fine country estate at Fish- 



148 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

kill-on-the-Hudson, N. Y., and contributed many val- 
uable articles on horticulture to current periodicals. 
He m., Jan. lo, 1839, Caroline Olmstead of New 
York. He d. at Fishkill, Nov. 10, 1882. 

Winthrop Sargent, elder son of Colonel Henry 
Winthrop and Caroline (Olmstead) Sargent, was born 
at Fishkill, N. Y., April 3, 1840. He received his 
early instruction from private tutors, and entered 
Harvard in 1858 (A. B., Class of 1862, 1892 ; LL. B., 
1864). He has spent many years in Europe. Mr. 
Sargent is trustee of several estates, and devotes 
much time to horticulture. Besides these interests, 
he has been president of the Highland Hospital and 
of the Howland Library at Matteawan, N. Y., and 
also a director of the First National Bank of Fish- 
kill Landing. He m., at Boston, Dec. 2, 1873, 
Aimee, third child of Benjamin Smith and Annie 
Bigelow (Lawrence) Rotch. 

150. IV. Katharine, b. March 9, 1856; d. March 
12, 1856. 

151. V. Annie Lawrence, b. at Boston, Feb. 
14, 1857; m., at Boston, April 14, 1890, Horatio 
Appleton Lamb. 

Their children : 

152. I. Thomas, b. at Boston, Jan. 19, 1892. 

153. 2. Aimee, b. at Boston, May 23, 1893. 

154. 3. Benjamin Rotch, b. at Boston, Jan. 7, 
1895; ^' ^t Boston, Feb. 22, 1895. 

155. 4. Rosamond, 1 b. at Boston, Dec. 

156. 5. Annie Lawrence, j 17, 1898. Annie 
Lawrence d. at Milton, Dec. 6, 1899. 

157. 6. Edith Duncan, b. at Milton, July 15, 
1901. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 149 

Horatio Appleton Lamb is a son of Thomas and 
Hannah (Dawes) Lamb, and was born at Boston, 
Jan. II, 1850. He fitted for college at W. Eliot 
Fette's school, and at the Public Latin School, in 
Boston, and graduated at Harvard with the Class of 
187 1. He was for a time engaged in the dry goods 
commission business. Of late years he has held 
various positions of responsibility, having been trea- 
surer of the New England Fibre Company and of 
the Riverside Water Company. He has also served 
as chairman of the Board of Trustees for Children 
of the City of Boston, as a park commissioner of 
the town of Milton, and as a trustee and director in 
various business organizations. 

158. VL William, b. Nov. 27, 1858; d. Oct. 3, 
1859. 

159. Vn. Abbott Lawrence, b. at Boston, Jan. 
6, 1 86 1 ; m., at Savannah, Ga., Nov. 22, 1893, Mar- 
garet Randolph Anderson, daughter of Edward 
Clifford and Jane Margaret (Randolph) Anderson. 

Their children, born at Boston, are : 

159a. I. Elizabeth, b. June 12, 1895 ; d. June 29, 

1895- 

159b. 2. Margaret Randolph, b. June 14, 1896. 

159c. 3. Arthur, b. Feb. i, 1899. 

Abbott Lawrence Rotch pursued his early studies 
in Europe and at Chauncy Hall School in Boston, 
graduated at the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology in 1884, as a mechanical engineer, and received 
the degree of A. M., honoris causa, from Harvard 
University in 1891. He founded in 1885, and has 
since maintained, the Blue Hill Meteorological Ob- 



I50 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

servatory, well known throughout the world for the 
cloud studies and researches in the upper air with 
kites that have been carried on there. He is a 
trustee of the Boston Society of Natural History, 
and of the Museum of Fine Arts, a member of the 
Corporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, and librarian of the American Academy of 
Arts and Sciences. He is also a member of vari- 
ous American and foreign scientific societies and 
committees, and a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor. 
In the pursuit of his profession he has travelled 
extensively in the United States, South America, 
Europe, and Africa. From 1883 to 1892 he was a 
member of the First Corps of Cadets, M. V. M. Mr. 
Rotch was for ten years an associate editor of the 
" American Meteorological Journal," and is the author 
of numerous scientific publications. Among the 
more important of these are the following : " Blue 
Hill Observations," published in the Annals of Har- 
vard College Observatory since 1887, and "Sound- 
ing the Ocean of Air," London, 1900. The latter 
work contains the lectures delivered before the Lowell 
Institute of Boston in 1898, Mr. Rotch having given 
in 1 89 1 a course of lectures at this institution upon 
" Mountain Meteorology." 

Benjamin Smith Rotch was of distinguished 
Quaker ancestry, being of the fifth generation from 
Joseph Rotch, who was born at Salisbury, Wiltshire, 
England, May 6, 1704, and emigrated to Nantucket, 
afterwards settling at New Bedford, Mass. He mar- 
ried Love Macy, daughter of Thomas and Deborah 
(Coffin) Macy. Joseph Rotch was the pioneer of the 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 151 

whale fishery business of Nantucket. He died at 
New Bedford, Nov. 24, 1784. 

WilHam Rotch, son of the preceding, was born on 
Nantucket Island in 1734, and continued there with 
success the industry inaugurated by his father, until 
it was practically ruined as a result of the Revolution- 
ary war. England, then the chief market for sperm 
oil, had imposed upon that commodity an alien duty 
of ;^i8 sterling per tun. In 1785, therefore, William 
Rotch transferred his business to Dunkirk, France, 
and his whaling-vessels, dispatched from that port, 
were the first to enter the Pacific Ocean. In 1794 
he returned to Nantucket, and after a year's residence 
there made his home at New Bedford. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Benjamin and Lydia (Star- 
buck) Barney. 

Benjamin Smith Rotch, second son of Joseph 
Rotch of New Bedford and Anne (Smith) Rotch, 
was born at Philadelphia, Pa., March 4, 181 7, and in 
his childhood removed with his parents to New Bed- 
ford. He graduated at Harvard College in 1838, and 
began business as a merchant. In 1843 he was 
elected a member of the Massachusetts House of 
Representatives, and served as aide-de-camp on the 
staff of Governor George N. Briggs in 1845. He 
was one of the founders of the New Bedford Cordas^e 
Company, which was established in 1842. Mr. Rotch 
accompanied his father-in-law, Hon. Abbott Law- 
rence, when, in Sept., 1849, the latter went to Eng- 
land to assume the duties of United States Minister 
at the Court of St. James. He died at Milton, Aug. 
19, 1882. The following is an extract from an obit- 



152 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

uary notice which appeared in the " Boston Daily- 
Advertiser," Aug. 31, 1882 : 

" During his visits to Europe, he had the opportu- 
nity to improve and cultivate that interest in the fine 
arts which rendered his influence in artistic matters 
most valuable in this community. Gifted with a re- 
fined taste and sensitive feeling for form and color, his 
careful study of foreign collections, supplemented by 
practical work, made him a competent and fastidious 
critic, as well as a painter, whose landscapes have shown 
to advantage in our local exhibitions. Though keenly 
alive to the impossibility of suddenly producing, in a 
strictly commercial community, works of art of the 
highest excellence, yet he was ever ready with a kind 
word and generous hand to help forward its cause. 
Many a struggling artist will remember gratefully the 
timely help which was so unostentatiously and freely 
given. His critical judgment was constantly appealed 
to in all artistic matters, and he was a prominent 
trustee of the Athenaeum and of our Museum of Fine 
Arts, and chairman of its committee. He filled also 
most successfully the many other public and private 
offices which were confided to him. Of his excellence 
as the most devoted of husbands and fathers, it does 
not become me to speak. Though admired by all 
who knew him, yet so retiring and sensitive was his 
nature, that the privilege of his intimate friendship 
was extended to but few, but by those who were so 
fortunate as to have shared it he will long be remem- 
bered as a man preeminently worthy of love, confi- 
dence, and affectionate esteem." 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 153 

FAMILY NO. 18 

49. James, m., March 16, 1852, Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of WilHam Hickling Prescott, the historian (H. U. 
18 14, LL. D. 1843) and Susan (Amory) Prescott. 
She d. May 24, 1864, at Boston. 

Their children : 

160. I. James, b. at Boston, March 23, 1853. 
Family No. 30. Groton. 

161. II. Gertrude, b. Feb. 19, 1855; m. John En- 
dicott Peabody. Family No. 31. Boston. 

162. III. Prescott, b. at Boston, Jan. 17, 1861. 
Family No. 32. New York. 

He m. (second), at West Roxbury, Dec. 4, 1865, 
Anna Lothrop Motley, daughter of Thomas and 
Maria (Bussey) Motley. 

James Lawrence, eldest son of the Hon. Abbott 
and Katharine (Bigelow) Lawrence, was born at 
Boston, Dec. 6, 182 1. He pursued his early studies 
at Chauncy Hall School, Boston, of which institu- 
tion Gideon F. Thayer was the principal. Mr. Law- 
rence was admitted to Harvard, Sept. 5, 1836, and 
the date of his graduation was Aug. 26, 1840, as ap- 
pears from the college records. He then studied law 
for two years at the Harvard Law School, after which 
he entered mercantile life, becoming a partner, with 
his father and Uncle Amos, in the house of A. & A. 
Lawrence & Co. He was afterwards the head of the 
firm for some years, and until obliged by illness to 
withdraw from active business. Mr. Lawrence served 
as an overseer of Harvard College from 1866 to 1875, 



154 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

and was a liberal benefactor of the Lawrence Scien- 
tific School, of which his father was the founder. He 
was one of the incorporators of the Boston Five Cent 
Savings Bank in 1854. His death occurred at Tun- 
bridge Wells, England, Feb. 10, 1875. 

An interesting reunion of some of the descendants 
of Major Samuel Lawrence was held Dec. 6, 1871, 
the occasion being the fiftieth birthday anniversary 
of James Lawrence, and also the wedding date, thirty- 
three years before, of Dr. and Mrs. William Richards 
Lawrence, at whose home in Longwood the meeting 
was held. 

JAMES LAWRENCE 
From the Boston Daily Advertiser, Feb. 12, 1875 

" Opposed, alike from feeling and from principle, 
to everything approaching obituary eulogy, I can 
hardly let the grave close over a friend of a lifetime 
without the tribute of a word. Rare gifts, both of 
nature and of fortune, supplemented by the training 
of school, college, and law school, foreign travel and 
the opportunities of the best social culture at home 
and abroad, matured him as a man, while that name- 
less something of personal fascination, which some 
men have, drew about him a circle of such friends as 
a man keeps for his life. The pains which tore his 
frame, and left him physically in every part a wreck, 
never for a moment disturbed the poise of a brain 
wonderfully clear and exact to the end, and whatever 
the irritations of disease, they seemed rather to 
quicken than to obscure his outside sympathies. . . . 
At his bedside you found the latest news, and the 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 155 

latest book lay by him, or was minuted for order, 
while his conversation, singularly and felicitously 
rich, ranged broadly and freely everywhere, till you 
rose from your seat, feeling that he to whom you had 
come to minister, had ministered to you; while it 
shamed you to hear him say, ' You don't know how 
much good it has done me to see you.' . . . He got 
the keenest pleasure out of nature, conversation, 
books, and friendship ; out of the glory of the dawn 
he so often saw ; out of the birth of the last lamb at 
the Groton farm. With subtle zest did he enjoy all 
things ; well did he use money and advantages. One 
does not look for blameless lives, but he will search 
long before he will find any in these respects more 
blameless than was his." 

From the Boston yotcrnal, Feb. 11, 1875 

" Mr. Lawrence was in his early days an active 
business man, and for many years after the death of 
his father and uncle, Amos Lawrence, he was the 
head of the firm. His judgment upon men and busi- 
ness matters was keen, and during two years when 
he served in the Common Council, he gave promise 
of active participation in public affairs. He became 
trustee of his father's estate in 1855, and since then, 
with the exception of some special duties in connec- 
tion with college associations, he has mingled but 
little beyond his immediate circle of friends." 

THE PRESCOTT FAMILY 

John Prescott, b. about 1604 at Shevington, Parish 
of Standish, Lancashire, m., Jan. 21, 1629, Mary 



156 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Platts of Wigan, in the same county. After his 
marriage he made his home at Sowerby, Parish of 
Hahfax, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. " From 
conscientious motives," and to avoid persecution on 
account of his religion, he emigrated in 1638 to Bar- 
badoes, and there passed two years. In 1640 he 
came to Massachusetts Bay, and settled at Water- 
town, where he owned considerable land. Of his 
subsequent history our chief sources of information 
are " The Prescott Memorial," by William Prescott, 
M. D., Boston, 1870, and the " History of Lancaster, | 
Massachusetts," by Rev. Abijah P. Marvin. About ' 
the year 1643, Thomas King of Watertown, John j| 
Prescott, and others bought of Sholan, the chief of 
the Nashaway tribe of Indians, a large tract of land 
in the valley of the Nashua River. Here a settlement 
was made, which became incorporated in 1653 as the 
town of Lancaster, so called in honor of Mr. Pres- 
cott's native county in England. John Prescott was 
living there as early as the year 1646, and was one of 
the pioneer settlers. By occupation he was a black- 
smith and miller. He d. in 1683. 

Jonas Prescott, ninth and youngest child of John, 
was born at the Nashaway settlement, afterwards Lan- 
caster, in June, 1648. He removed to Groton, where 
he became the owner of a mill in the south part of 
the town, which was afterwards annexed to Harvard. 
Jonas Prescott m., Dec. 14, 1672, Mary, only daugh- 
ter of John Loker of Sudbury, and they had twelve 
children, of whom the tenth, Susanna, m., June 27, 
1722, William Lawrence, a distinguished resident of 
Groton, and uncle of Major Samuel Lawrence. Mr. 






MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 157 

Prescott was a blacksmith, and held the office of 
town clerk in 1692 and 1696. He served as a select- 
man several years, was representative to the General 
Court in 1699 and 1705, and a captain in the militia ; 
d. Dec. 31, 1723. (See Butler's " History of Groton," 
pp. 286-289 ; and Dr. Green's " Groton Epitaphs," 
p. 249.) 

Hon, Benjamin Prescott, twelfth and youngest 
child of Jonas, was born at Groton, Jan. 4. 1696. He 
m., June 11, 1 718, Abigail, daughter of Hon. Thomas 
Oliver of Cambridge. In 1723 he was first chosen 
a representative to the General Court, and served 
as such during eight years. Lieutenant-colonel in 
the militia, 1732; justice of the Superior Court, 1735. 
He d. at Groton, Aug. 3, 1738. 

Colonel William Prescott, fourth child of Benjamin, 
was born at Groton, Feb. 20, 1726, and in his youth 
settled in that part of the town now included in Pep- 
perell. In 1755, as a lieutenant, he accompanied the 
provincial troops sent to remove the French Neutrals 
from Nova Scotia. In 1774 he was commissioned 
colonel of a regiment of minute-men from Pepperell 
and neighboring towns. Promptly upon news of the 
Lexington fight he marched with the men of his com- 
mand to Cambridge. His subsequent military career, 
and especially his distinguished services as chief in 
command of the patriot troops at the battle of Bunker 
Hill, belong to the history of our country, and must 
ever be held in grateful remembrance. Colonel Pres- 
cott was publicly commended by General Washington 
for the excellent discipline maintained in his regi- 
ment during the retreat of the American forces after 



158 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

the battle of Long Island, which occurred, Aug. 27, 
1776. In the autumn of the following year, he took 
part in the campaign which resulted in the surrender 
of General Burgoyne at Saratoga. Soon after this he 
retired from the army. Colonel Prescott served three 
years as representative from Pepperell, also as select- 
man and town clerk. He m., about the year 1756, 
Abigail Hale of Sutton. Notwithstanding the dis- 
parity in their years, an intimate friendship existed 
between Colonel Prescott and Major Samuel Law- 
rence, his former orderly in the early days of the Revo- 
lution. Colonel Prescott d. Oct. 13, 1795. 

The Hon. William Prescott, only child of the above- 
named, was born at Pepperell, Aug. 19, 1762. He 
attended the district school and Dummer Academy, 
Byfield. Entering Harvard in 1779, he graduated 
with the Class of 1 783, and afterwards taught school 
at Beverly for two years. Meanwhile he began the 
study of law, and was admitted to the bar in 1787. 
Two years after he removed to Salem, where he de- 
voted himself to the practice of his profession for 
nineteen years. In 1808 he transferred his residence 
to Boston. Mr. Prescott served as representative to 
the General Court from both Salem and Boston. In 
1815 he received from Harvard the degree of Doctor 
of Laws.^ He m., Dec. 18, 1793, Catharine Green 
Hickling, daughter of Thomas Hickling, United 
States consul at the Island of St. Michael. He d. at 
Pepperell, Dec. 8, 1844. (See the " Prescott Memo- 
rial," pp. 75, 76.) 

1 This date is from the University Catalogue. In the Prescott Me- 
morialW. is given as 1824, and in Butler's History of Pepperell, 18 14. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 159 

William Hickling Prescott, the eminent historian, 
a son of the Hon. William Prescott, was born at Sa- 
lem, Mass., May 4, 1 796, and graduated at Harvard 
College in 18 14. During his Junior year he met with 
a sad accident, which deprived him of the sight of one 
eye, and rendered the other almost useless. Yet in 
spite of this great misfortune, with untiring energy 
and perseverance, and with the aid of capable readers 
and amanuenses, he pursued his literary studies and 
labors, and won for himself a wide reputation as an 
historical writer. His principal works are : " The 
History of Ferdinand and Isabella," published in 1837; 
"The Conquest of Mexico," 1843; "The Conquest 
of Peru," 1847 ; " The History of the Reign of Philip 
n. of Spain," 1855, which last was not completed. 

Mr. Prescott m., May 4, 1820, Susan, fourth child 
of Thomas Coffin and Hannah (Linzee) Amory of 
Boston. His death occurred Jan. 28, 1859. (See 
the " Life of William Hickling Prescott," by George 
Ticknor, 1866.) 

Elizabeth, the third child of the above-named, m., 
March 16, 1852, James Lawrence of Boston. (Fam- 
ily No. 18.) 

FAMILY NO. 19 

53. Abbott, m., at Boston, April 12, 1853, Harriette 
Story White Paige, daughter of James William and 
Harriette Story (White) Paige of Boston. Children: 

163. I. Abbott, b. at Boston, Jan. 16, 1854. 

Abbott Lawrence, Jr., received his preparatory 
instruction at Mr. Dixwell's school in Boston, and 
graduated at Harvard College in 1875. He then took 



i6o THE DESCENDANTS OF 

a two years' course at the Law School, receiving the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1877. Immediately 
thereafter he started on a tour around the world via 
San Franciso, Japan, China, Java, and India, arriving 
in Europe in April, 1878. He then boarded for six 
months in a French family at Paris, and for a like 
period in a German household at Dresden. Return- 
ing to Boston in Aug., 1879, he resumed the study of 
law and was admitted to the bar of the United States 
Circuit Court, Dec. i, 1879. Mr. Lawrence served 
for a time on the staff of Brigadier-General Eben 
Sutton of the Second Brigade, M. V. M. ; and was 
secretary of the Republican State Convention held 
at Worcester in 1881. He was taken ill in the au- 
tumn of that year, and died at Nassau, New Provi- 
dence, Bahama Islands, March 15, 1882. 

164. II. Rosamond, b. at Boston, May 17, 1856. 
'Family No. 33. Hyde Park. 

165. III. William Paige, b. at Lynn, Mass., 
Aug. 15, 1858. 

William Paige Lawrence attended Mr. Noble's 
school in Boston, and was a student at the Harvard 
Law School for two years, from 1878 to 1880. He 
bought a farm in Groton in June, 1885, and took up 
his residence in that town. Mr. Lawrence was de- 
voted to outdoor country life, was fond of horses and 
expert in their management. He was, moreover, 
an enthusiastic ornithologist, and well versed in the 
art of taxidermy. He made three visits to Europe. 
On June 4, 1 891, he was appointed a justice of the 
peace, and held the office until his death, at Boston, 
Feb. 9, 1898. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE i6i 

1 66. IV. John, b. at Boston, April 27, 1861. 
Family No. 34. Groton. 

167. V. Robert Ashton, b. at Boston, Nov. 4, 
1865 ; m., at Hartford, Conn., Oct. 1 1, 1893, Caroline 
Ella, daughter of Rev. Eurotas Parmele and Anna 
(Cleveland) Hastings. 

They had a son : 

167a. Abbott, b. at Groton, Jan. 20, 1895, who d. 
two days after. 

Robert Ashton Lawrence attended the private 
schools kept by Miss Hannah Adam and John Pren- 
tiss Hopkinson in Boston, and entered Harvard as 
a special student in 1885, remaining two years. In 
June, 1892, he removed to Groton, where he lived 
until the summer of 1895, when he went to Europe 
with his wife, and spent thirteen months in foreign 
travel and residence. In Dec, 1897, Mr. Lawrence 
removed to Chestnut Hill, where he lived until 
March, 1902. At this time he bought and occupied 
the fine estate of William Richardson Dupee, sit- 
uated on Beacon Street in Newton, near the Chest- 
nut Hill line. He has been for four years treasurer 
in the United States of the Naples Society for the 
Protection of Animals. He is also a director and 
life member of the Animal Rescue League, and pre- 
sident of the Boston Work-horse Parade Society. 
Mr. Lawrence served for six years as a member of 
the First Corps of Cadets, Mo V. M. He has visited 
every European capital. 



i62 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

THE HASTINGS FAMILY ' 

The name Hastings is of Danish origin, and ap- 
pears on record at a very early period in English 
history, having been borne by many persons of title 
and distinction. 

Mrs. Caroline Ella (Hastings) Lawrence is of the 
eio-hth generation from Thomas Hastings (b. in 1605), 
who sailed with his wife Susanna, from Ipswich, 
England, April 10, 1634, on the ship Elizabeth. He 
settled at Watertown, Mass., where he was for five 
years a selectman, town clerk three years, and a re- 
presentative to the General Court in 1673. Mrs. Su- 
sanna Hastings d. Feb. 2, 1650, and he m. for his 
second wife, April 2, 1651, Margaret, daughter of 
William and Martha Cheney of Roxbury. Deacon 
Thomas Hastings d. in 1685. 

Eurotas Parmele Hastings, a lineal descendant of 
Deacon Thomas, was b. April 17, 182 1. He was a 
graduate of Hamilton College, N. Y., and of Union 
Theological Seminary. After being ordained, he 
went to Ceylon and was there engaged in teaching 
at Batticotta Seminary for five years. Returning to 
this country, he m., March 9, 1853, Anna, daughter 
of Rev. Richard F. Cleveland of Clinton, and sister 
of Hon. Grover Cleveland, afterwards President of 
the United States. Rev. Dr. Hastings was for forty- 
three years a missionary in Ceylon, and was the first 
president of Jaffna College, which was established in 
1871 ; d. at Manepi, Ceylon, July 31, 1890. Of his 
seven children, the two youngest are Charles Edgar 
and his twin sister, Caroline Ella Hastings, who m., 
Oct. II, 1893, Robert Ashton Lawrence. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 163 

168. VI. Harriette Story, b. at Boston, June 10, 
1867. Family No. 35. Boston. 

Abbott Lawrence received his early training at 
Chauncy Hall School, and was admitted to Harvard 
College, Sept. i, 1845, graduating July 18, 1849; 
A. M., 1853. He took a course in the Law School, 
and received the degree of LL. B. in 1863, but did 
not engage in the practice of law. For many years 
he was actively interested in manufacturing affairs, 
and served as president and director of several busi- 
ness corporations, and also as actuary of the Mas- 
sachusetts Hospital Life Insurance Company. He 
made several trips to Europe, and devoted some time 
to literary work, having edited the diary of his grand- 
father, Hon. Timothy Bigelow of Groton and Med- 
ford, Mass. Mr. Lawrence died at Nahant, July 6, 
1893. His widow, Mrs. Harriette Story White 
(Paige) Lawrence, d. at Boston, Feb. 5, 1903. 

THE PAIGE FAMILY 

Nathaniel Paige came from England about 1685 
with his wife and three children, and settled in 
Roxbury. He was appointed marshal of Suffolk 
County in 1686, and bought land in Billerica, where 
he appears to have resided for a brief time. In 1686 
he became one of the eight Purchasers of Hardwick. 
He died, April 12, 1692, at Boston, probably while 
attending to his official duties. The name of this 
family is invariably spelled Paige, and has no known 
connection with any of the Pages in New England. 
The Rev. Dr. Lucius R. Paige, the historian of 
Cambridge and Hardwick, published in the History 



/ 



i64 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

of Hardwick a full account of the family, from which 
abstracts are here made. 

Nathaniel Paige and wife Joanna had at least five 
children — Nathaniel, b. 1679; Elizabeth, b. 1681, 
m. John Simkins ; Sarah, m. Samuel Hill ; James, 
b. 1686, who died young; and Christopher, whose 
birth is recorded in Billerica, Feb. 6, 1 690-1. The 
mother of the children died in 1724. 

Christopher Paige, the youngest son, m. (first) 

Joanna , who soon died, and he m. (second), 

May 23, 1720, Elizabeth, daughter of Deacon George 
Reed of Woburn. He resided in Billerica, in that 
part which is now Bedford, but in 1735 became one 
of the pioneer settlers of Hardwick, where his father 
had secured proprietary rights a half century be- 
fore. He d. March 10, 1774. The "Massachusetts 
Gazette" has the following obituary: "At Hardwick, 
Dea. Christopher Paige, aged S^ years and 21 days, 
in a comfortable hope of a better life. He left a 
widow, and has had 12 children, 9 now living and 
3 dead; 81 grandchildren, 66 living and 15 dead." 
Their son, William Paige, m., Jan. 12, 1744, Mercy, 
daughter of James Aikens. He was a captain in the 
French and Indian wars, chairman of the Committee 
of Correspondence, representative, and delegate to 
the convention at Cambridge for framing the state 
constitution. He was likewise one of the committee 
appointed by the General Court for the sale of con- 
fiscated estates in Worcester County. His brother, 
Colonel Timothy Paige, served his fellow-townsmen 
with ability in civil and military affairs. Christopher 
Paige d. Feb. 14, 1790, and his wife d. Feb. 19, 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 165 

1823, aged 102 years and 30 days. The following 
are their children: William, b. 1745; James, 1747; 
Rebecca, 1749, m. John Foster ; Jesse, 1752; Mercy, 
1754, m. Nathaniel Graves; Lucy, 1757, m. Daniel 
Ruggles ; and Christopher, b. June 12, 1762. 

Christopher Paige, Jr., graduated from Harvard 
College in 1784, and became a preacher of the stand- 
ing order. He m. Rebecca Chamberlain, the widow 
of the Rev. Elijah Fletcher, pastor at Hopkinton, 
N. H. He preached for a brief season in Hopkin- 
ton and in Pittsfield, and in 1796 settled over the 
churches in Deering and Washington. In 18 16 he 
was at Roxbury, N. H. His health failing, he re- 
moved to Salisbury, N. H., where Madam Paige d. 
July 9, 182 1, and he d. Oct. 12, 1822. Rev. Chris- 
topher Paige was the father of three children : Elijah 
Fletcher, who was a graduate of Harvard College in 
1 8 10, and d. in Virginia in 181 7; Christopher, who 
settled in Nashua, N. H. ; and James William, who 
was b. in Pittsfield, N. H., July 2, 1792. There are 
accounts of Rev. Mr. Paige in the Histories of both 
Hopkinton and Salisbury. 

James William Paige m. Harriette Story, daughter 
of Stephen White of Salem. She was b. Nov. 29, 
1809, and d. Nov. 25, 1863. Their daughter, Har- 
riette Story White Paige, m., April 12, 1853, Abbott 
Lawrence. 

Mr. Stephen White maintained intimate relations 
for many years with Daniel Webster. Mr. White in 
his will, which was made in Dec, 1839, devises 
to Mr. Webster " all my muskets, fowling pieces and 
other apparatus thereto pertaining, as a slight mani- 



i66 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

festation of the deep sense I entertain of his high and 
exalted talents, but more especially of what is to me 
far more estimable, that kindness and goodness of 
heart which endears him to all those who best know 
his qualities." And further, Mr. White devises, " as 
a slight testimonial of the regard and respect which 
I entertain for the virtues and high character of Mrs. 
Daniel Webster, my Executors will return to her the 
signet ring, which was her own gift, and which will 
not be withdrawn from my finger until the voice which 
dictates this will shall be silent." Under date of Aug. 
22, 1841, Mr. Webster writes to Mrs. Paige: "The 
death of your father affected me much. It seemed 
sudden, notwithstanding his long continuance of 
feeble health. He is a loss to me ; I hardly expect to 
find others more agreeable for their extent of infor- 
mation, softness of manners and pleasant conversa- 
tion. We have passed much happy time together." 
(Webster's " Life and Letters," vol. ii. p. 108.) 

Mr. Paige, when a young man, became a merchant 
in Boston. He was closely associated with men who 
had been successful, and with a like spirit became one 
of them. His intimacy with the Hon. Daniel Web- 
ster was almost lifelong, and he and the son of Mr. 
Webster married sisters, daughters of Mr. Stephen 
White of Salem and afterwards of Boston. Mr. White 
was a near friend of Mr. Webster, so that with loyalty 
they stood by each other in all their affairs. No bio- 
graphy of Mr. Webster can be written without allusion 
to Mr. White and Mr. Paige. Mr. and Mrs. Paige 
waited upon Daniel Webster in his dying hours at 
Marshfield. The Paige home at 122 Summer Street 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 167 

was Webster's headquarters in Boston ; and it was 
from this home that the funeral of Colonel Daniel 
Fletcher Webster took place in Sept., 1862. The 
last years of Mr. Paige were spent in infirmity and re- 
tirement. He d. May 19, 1868. A Boston newspa- 
per at the time of his death said : " Mr. James W. 
Paige, formerly senior partner of an extensive com- 
mission house in this city, died Tuesday, after a long 
illness, at the age of 75 years. He was for many 
years the honored head of one of the largest wholesale 
commission houses. Hon. Daniel Webster married 
for his first wife the half-sister of Mr. Paige, and his 
connection with the distinguished statesman was of 
long continuance and of the most intimate character. 
He was active in the management of several corpora- 
tions, but with the exception of being a member of the 
Constitutional Convention of this State in 1853, held 
no ofificial position. Mr. Paige retired from business 
a year or two since in feeble health." Another news- 
paper said of the funeral : " There was a large con- 
gregation present [at King's Chapel], embracing 
many of the leading merchants and business men of 
Boston, anxious to pay a last tribute of respect to one 
of their number. The dry goods commission mer- 
chants and jobbers closed their places of business 
at the hour of the funeral, as a mark of respect, and 
attended the funeral in considerable numbers. The 
services, of an impressive character, were conducted 
by the Rev'nds H. W. Foote and Chandler Robbins 
of the Second Church." Another newspaper said : 
" The mercantile community lose a prominent man 
in the death of Mr. Paige." 



i68 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

THE WHITE FAMILY 

Henry White, a son of John White, was born in 
that part of Salem which is now Danvers. Henry 
White m., Oct. 8, 1776, Phebe Brown. He was a 
merchant and died about 1824; the widow survived 
until June 17, 1840, aged 83 years. They had two or 
three daughters, and sons Joseph ; Stephen, b. July 10, 
1 787 ; and Francis. The son Joseph was always called 
" junior," in distinction from his uncle, Captain Joseph 
White. He m., in 1808, Betsy, daughter of Dr. 
Elisha Story, and had three daughters, (i) Elizabeth 
Story White, who m. Samuel C. Gray of Boston; (2) 
Mary Barrow White, who m. George W. Pratt ; and 
(3) Charlotte Sophia. Captain Joseph White, Jr., d. 
in 18 1 9. The son Francis died unmarried. The son 
Stephen White m., Aug. 19, 1808, Harriette Story, a 
sister of Joseph's wife. 

Captain Joseph White, Sr., was a wealthy mer- 
chant-mariner of Salem, who was brutally murdered 
in his bed in April, 1830. After vigilant efforts, the 
perpetrators were brought to justice, one of them com- 
mitting suicide. In the celebrated trial which fol- 
lowed, the Commonwealth was represented by the 
Hon. Daniel Webster, in the prosecution of the mur- 
derers and in the defence of the White family, who 
had been systematically maligned. The noble and elo- 
quent service rendered by Daniel Webster not only 
extended his already wide repute, but deepened the 
friendship existing between him and Stephen White. 
Immediately after the trial Mr. White employed Mr. 
Samuel Lorenzo Knapp, editor of the " Boston Ga- 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 169 

zette," to prepare and publish a biography of Daniel 
Webster. The rapidly extending fame of Mr. Web- 
ster as an interpreter of the Constitution, in the Sen- 
ate of the United States, soon called for a new and 
enlarged edition of the book. 

Stephen White inherited large interests from his 
uncle, Captain Joseph White, and managed them 
with great skill. He was public-spirited, and entered 
into the affairs of his native town, and of the Com- 
monwealth. He was elected several times to both 
branches of the legislature, and was often called 
upon to render service in behalf of the people, and 
to take positions calling for integrity and confidence. 
He removed to Boston about 1830. 

In a poem by Mr. William W. Story, which was 
read on the occasion of the 250th anniversary of the 
landing of Governor Endicott at Salem, Sept. 18, 
1878, Mr. Story says : — 

"There too are Phillips, Silsbee, Saltonstall: 
Putnam and Crowninshield and King and White, 
Good men and true to battle for the right, 
At bar, bench, and the Nation's Council Hall." 

Health began to fail Mr. White about 1835. He 
died in New York city, Aug. 10, 1841. His. death 
called forth a filial letter from Daniel Webster to his 
daughter, Mrs. Paige. Mr. White had three daugh- 
ters: (i) Harriette Story, b. Nov. 29, 1809, who m. 
James W. Paige ; (2) Caroline Story, who m. Colonel 
Daniel Fletcher Webster, son of Daniel Webster; 
and (3) Ellen, who m. John B. Joy. 



lyo THE DESCENDANTS OF 

THE STORY FAMILY 

Elisha Story and his sister Sarah, who m., at Bos- 
ton, Mr. Thomas Dawse, in the year 1702, are the 
first of this family of whom we have an authentic 
record. EHsha Story m., in 1706, Lydia Emmons, 
who died a few years later without surviving issue. 
He m. (second) Sarah (Stocker), widow of Charles 
Renouf. She had two children by her first husband, 
and four children by Mr. Story. He d. in 1725, aged 
42 years, and the widow in 1742, aged 58 years. 
Their only surviving son, William, b. April 25, 1720, 
m., at Boston in 1741, Elizabeth Marion, by whom 
there were two children: Elisha, b. Dec. 3, 1743, 
and Elizabeth. William Story m. (second) Joanna 
Appleton of Ipswich, and had other children, among 
them the Rev. Isaac Story, who m. Rebecca, daugh- 
ter of Rev. Simon Bradstreet, and succeeded his 
father-in-law in the pastorate of the church in Mar- 
blehead. Mr. William Story m., in 1776, Madam 
Abigail Marshall. He was deputy register of the 
Court of Admiralty at Boston, but resigned in Aug., 
1765. He then removed to Marblehead. His sym- 
pathies were doubtless with the royal party, but he 
continued to reside in Marblehead until his death, 
Nov. 24, 1 799, aged 80 years. 

Dr. Elisha Story was born Dec. 3, 1 743, and m. (first) 
Ruth, daughter of Major John Ruddock of Boston ; 
she d. March 21, 1778, aged 32 years. He m. (sec- 
ond), Nov. 29, 1778, Mehitable, daughter of Captain 
John Pedrick by his wife Mehitable Stacy. Dr. 
Story d. Aug. 27, 1805, aged 62 years, and the widow 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 171 

Mehitable survived until Aug. 9, 1847. By his first 
wife there was a son WiUiam, who m., in 1 797, EHza- 
beth Patten, and they were the parents of Augustus 
Story, b. in 181 2, and who graduated at Harvard Col- 
lege in 1828. Dr. Story and his wife Mehitable had : 
(i) Joseph, b. Sept. 18, 1779, who was a justice of the 
United States Supreme Court, whose legal learning 
and decisions are of extended repute ; (2) Mehitable, 
who m., in 1804, William Fettyplace; (3) Betsy, who 
m., in 1808, Captain Joseph White, Jr.; (4) Horace, 
who d. in 1823 while journeying to New Orleans; 
and (5) Harriett, who m., Aug. 19, 1808, Stephen 
White, a brother of Joseph White, Jr., who m. her 
above-named sister Betsy. The White and Story 
families, thus intimately connected in home life, were 
also intimate in social and political affairs. Madam 
Mehitable (Pedrick) Story was a woman of excellent 
qualities. She used to relate a most romantic ac- 
count of her youth and the efforts of an officer of 
the British army to obtain her hand in marriage. 
His advances were rejected, and at the age of nine- 
teen she became the wife of the patriot, Dr. Elisha 
Story. This romance is published in " Essex Insti- 
tute Collections," vol. 17, p. 192. 

FAMILY NO. 20 

54. Katharine Bigelow, m., at Boston, June i, 
1854, Augustus Lowell. She d. April i, 1895. 
Their children are : 

169. I. Percival, b. at Boston, March 13, 1855. 
Percival Lowell pursued his early studies at pri- 



172 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

vate schools in Boston and in France, after which he 
took the regular academical course at Harvard, re- 
ceiving the degree of A. B. in 1876. He then spent 
a year in foreign travel, and on his return was for a 
time engaged in the management of trust funds in 
Boston, serving also as treasurer /r<9 tern, of the Mas- 
sachusetts Cotton Mills, and as treasurer of the 
Lowell Bleachery. Early in the year 1883 he went 
to Japan, and spent some months at Tokio, and in 
the interior of the country, studying the language 
and customs of the people. He then accepted the 
position of foreign secretary and counsellor of the Ko- 
rean Special Mission to the United States, which was 
the first embassy sent by Korea to a western power. 
The embassy arrived in San Francisco, Sept. 2, 
1883, and proceeded to New York, where it was re- 
ceived by President Arthur. After a visit of six 
weeks in the United States, the embassy returned to 
Korea, accompanied by Mr. Lowell, who passed the 
ensuing winter as a guest of the king at the capital 
city, Soiil. He again visited Japan, and came home 
by way of Singapore and the Red Sea in the sum- 
mer of 1884. Mr. Lowell has since visited Japan 
several times. In 1894 he established the Lowell 
Observatory on Flagstaff Hill, in Arizona. He is 
a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences, member of the Royal Astronomical So- 
ciety, and of the Asiatic Society of Japan. He is 
the author of the following works : " Choson, the 
Land of the Morning Calm. A Sketch of Korea," 
Boston, Ticknor & Co., 1886. "The Soul of the 
Far East," Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1888. " Noto, 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 173 

an Unexplored Corner of Japan," Houghton, Mifflin 
& Co., 1 89 1. " Mars," Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 
1895. "Occult Japan, or the Way of the Gods," 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1895. " New Observations 
of the Planet Mercury," Cambridge, 1898. 

170. n. Abbott Lawrence, b. at Boston, Dec. 13, 
1856; m., at Boston, June 19, 1879, Anna Parker 
Lowell, daughter of George Gardner and Mary Ellen 
(Parker) Lowell. 

Abbott Lawrence Lowell obtained his prepara- 
tory training at schools in Paris, France, and Boston. 
After graduation at Harvard in 1877, and from the 
Law School three years later, he continued his pro- 
fessional studies in the office of Russell & Putnam, 
Boston. Since 1880 he has practised law with 
Francis C. Lowell, and in 1891 he formed a law part- 
nership with the latter and F. J. Stimson. Mr. 
Lowell was for some years a member of the Boston 
School Committee, and has since been active in the 
interests of the Boston Public School Association. 
He succeeded his father as trustee of the Lowell In- 
stitute, and is now professor of the Science of Gov- 
ernment in Harvard Universit}^ and a member of 
the corporation of the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology. He is also a member of the American 
Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1884 he pub- 
lished (jointly with Francis C. Lowell) a work on the 
" Transfer of Stock in Corporations." He is also 
the author of the following named books : " Essays 
on Government," Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 
1889. "Governments and Parties in Continental 
Europe" (2 vols.), Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1896. 



174 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

"Oscillations in Politics," Philadelphia, 1898. 
[American Academy of Political and Social Sci- 
ence.] "Colonial Civil Service," Macmillan & Co., 
New York, 1900. 

171. III. Katharine, b. at Boston, Nov. 27, 1858 ; 
m. (first), Dec. 5, 1882, at Brookline, Alfred Roose- 
velt, son of James Alfred and Elizabeth (Emlen) 
Roosevelt of New York, and cousin-german to Presi- 
dent Theodore Roosevelt. He d. in 1891. 

They had : 

172. I. Elfrida, b. Dec. 22, 1883. 

173. 2. James Alfred, b. Feb. 23, 1885. 

174. 3. Katharine Lowell, b. Aug. 18, 1887. 
Mrs. Katharine (Lowell) Roosevelt m. (second), at 

Chestnut Hill, Nov. 24, 1902, Thomas James Bowlker 
(M. A., Cambridge; ordained priest, 1894), formerly 
assistant master at Haileybury College, Hertfordshire, 
England (The Hon. and Rev. Canon Edward Lyttel- 
ton, M. A., master). 

175. IV. Elizabeth, b. at Boston, Feb. 2, 1862; 
m., at Brookline, June 9, 1888, William Lowell Put- 
nam. 

Their children born at Boston : 

176. I. George, b. June 4, 1889. 

177. 2. Katharine Lawrence, b. Dec. 15, 1890. 

178. 3. Roger Lowell, b. Dec. 19, 1893. 

179. 4. Harriet Lowell, b. Aug. 30, 1897; d. 
March 7, 1900. 

179a. 5. Augustus Lowell, b. at Brookline, June 
25, 1899. 

William Lowell Putnam, the eldest child of George 
and Harriet (Lowell) Putnam of Boston, and grand- 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 175 

son of Rev. George Putnam, D. D., and Elizabeth 
(Ware) Putman of Roxbury, was born at Roxbury, 
Nov. 22, 1 86 1. He obtained his early education at 
private schools in Cambridge and at the Cambridge 
High School, and graduated at Harvard in 1882. 
Immediately after leaving college he went abroad 
and spent fifteen months in travel in Great Britain 
and on the Continent. Returning to this country 
in Sept., 1883, he entered the Harvard Law School, 
where he took the regular course. During the sum- 
mer of 1884 he studied in the office of Ropes, Gray & 
Loring. After leaving the Law School he practised 
law in Boston for some years with Messrs. Russell & 
Putnam, having an office at 50 State Street, and later 
with his father and brother, under the firm name of 
Putnam & Putnam, in the Ames Building. Mr. Put- 
nam is a director and trustee of various organiza- 
tions. He served for three years in the First Corps 
of Cadets, M. V. M. He wrote an article on " Fraud- 
ulent Imitation by Deceptive Use of One's Own 
Name," for the " Harvard Law Review," Oct., 1898. 

180. V. Roger, b. at Boston, Feb. 2, 1862 ; d. Aug. 
31, 1863. 

181. VI. May, b. May i, 1870; d. same day. 

182. VII. Amy, b. at Brookline, Feb. 9, 1874. 
Resides in the Lowell homestead in that town. 

THE LOWELL FAMILY^ 

The Lowells in the United States are of Norman 
descent, and their remote ancestors are believed to 

1 The arms of Lowell are : Sable, a dexter hand, couped at the wrist, 
grasping three pointless darts, one in pale, and two in saltire argent. 



176 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

have accompanied William, Duke of Normandy, to 
England in 1066. The name was originally Lowle, 
and continued in this form for several centuries. 
Authentic family records are wanting for the period 
between the Conquest and the early part of the thir- 
teenth century, but the lineage has been traced from 
William Lowle, who was born at Yardley, Worcester- 
shire, probably before 1250. In this region and in 
the County of Somerset, members of the Lowle fam- 
ily resided for nine generations. Percival Lowle or 
Lowell, son of Richard, and a native of Somerset- 
shire, was born in 1571. His mother was a daughter 
of Edmund Percival, of distinguished ancestry, and 
Elizabeth Panthuit of Weston-in-Gordano. Percival 
Lowell was a merchant of Bristol. In 1639, when 
sixty-four years of age, he emigrated to this country, 
with his wife Rebecca, his sons John and Richard, 
and his daughter Joan, on the ship Jonathaji. They 
arrived at Newbury, Mass., in the month of June, and 
became residents of that town, where Percival Lowell 
died, Jan. 8, 1665, at the age of 93. 

John Lowell, eldest child of Percival and Rebecca, 
was born in England in 1595. When 24 years of 
age, he apprenticed himself to Richard Baugh, a 
Bristol glover, and in 16 19 he was "admitted a citi- 
zen of Bristol." His first wife was Mary , whom 

he m. in England. She d. in 1639, and during the 
same year he accompanied his parents to America, 
and m. for his second wife, Elizabeth Goodale. John 
Lowell " was a man of good education for those days, 
and prominent in the community." He d. at New- 
bury, Mass., July 10, 1647. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 177 

John Lowell, second of the name, of the third gen- 
eration, son of the above-named John and his first 
wife, Mary, was born in England in 1629, and was 
therefore ten years old when he came to the new 
world. He m. (first), Jan. 3, 1653, Hannah, daughter 
of George and Edith Proctor. She d. and he was 
afterwards twice married. John Lowell followed the 
trade of a cooper. He removed early from Newbury 
to Boston, and afterwards lived at Scituate and Reho- 
both, returning later to Boston, where he d. Jan. 7, 
1694. 

Ebenezer, the fifteenth child of John and Hannah 
(Proctor) Lowell, was b. at Boston in 1675. He m., 
Jan. 2)Oy 1694, Elizabeth, daughter of Michael and 
Hannah Shailer of Hingham. Ebenezer Lowell was 
a cordwainer, and was reputed to be "a man of much 
energy of character." He d. at Boston, Sept. 10, 171 1. 

The Rev. John Lowell, fifth child of the last-named, 
was born at Boston, March 14, 1704. Graduate of 
Harvard in 1721; ordained pastor of the Third 
Church of Newbury, Mass., Jan. 19, 1726, and re- 
tained the position for forty-two years. According 
to the Boston records, John Lowell and Sarah 
Champney (daughter of Noah and Sarah (Tunnel) 
Champney) were m., Dec. 23, 1725, by Mr. William 
Waldron, the first pastor of the " New Brick Church" 
on Hanover Street. She d. June 28, 1756, and he 
m. for his second wife, in 1758, Elizabeth (Cutts) 
Whipple, widow of Rev. Joseph Whipple of Hamp- 
ton Falls, N. H. Mr. Lowell was a scholarly man, 
of liberal theological views. He d. at Newburyport, 
Mass., May 15, 1767. 



178 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Judge John Lowell, only son of the preceding, 
was b. at Newburyport, Mass., June 17, 1743. Grad. 
Harvard, 1 760. Upon leaving college he was said to 
have taken a vow of celibacy. Within a few years 
thereafter he was otherwise minded, for he m. (first), 
Jan. 3, 1767, at Salem, Sarah, daughter of Stephen 
and Elizabeth (Cabot) Higginson. She d. May 5, 
1772, and he m. (second). May 31, 1774, Susanna, 
daughter of Francis and Mary (Fitch) Cabot of Salem. 
She d. March 30, 1777, and he m. for his third wife, 
at Dunstable, Mass., June 27, 1778, Rebecca, daughter 
of Judge James and Katharine (Graves) Russell of 
Charlestown, Mass., and widow of James Tyng of 
Dunstable. Mr. Lowell at first practised law at New- 
buryport, but removed to Boston in 1777. He was a 
member of the Continental Congress in 1782-83, and 
was appointed by President Washington, in 1789, 
judge of the United States District Court for Massa- 
chusetts. In 1 801 he was appointed by President 
Adams justice of the U. S. Circuit Court for Maine, 
Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island. 
Judge John Lowell " enjoyed a great and deserved 
reputation, equally in respect of his professional 
ability, and of his high character." (" Memorial His- 
tory of Boston," iv. p. 586.) He received the degree 
of LL. D. from Harvard in 1792. He d.at Roxbury, 
Mass., May 6, 1802. \ 

John Lowell, third of the name, second child of 
Judge John and Sarah (Higginson) Lowell, was b. at 
Newburyport, Oct. 6, 1769, and graduated at Harvard 
in 1 786, before he had reached the age of seventeen. 
He then studied law, was admitted to the Suffolk bar 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 179 

in 1789, and practised his profession with marked 
success until 1803, when he retired owing to impaired 
health. After three years' travel and sojourn in Eu- 
rope, he returned home and engaged in literary work. 
Mr. Lowell" acquired fame as apolitical writer, wield- 
ing a trenchant pen." He was a Fellow of Harvard 
College, 1810-32; LL. D. 1814. Hem., June 8, 1793, 
Rebecca, daughter of John and Katherine (Greene) 
Amory. He was one of the founders of several 
noted institutions : the Massachusetts General Hos- 
pital, Boston Athenaeum, and Massachusetts Hospital 
Life Insurance Company. He d. at Boston, March 
12, 1840. 

John Amory Lowell, second child of John and 
Rebecca (Amory) Lowell, was born at Boston, Nov. 
II, 1798, and graduated at Harvard College in 1815, 
at the age of sixteen. He then entered the store of 
Kirk Boott & Sons, importers of English goods, re- 
maining with them about four years. In Jan., 1822, 
he formed a partnership with John W. Boott (under 
the style of Boott & Lowell), which was dissolved in 
July, 1824. Mr. Lowell served as an official of the 
Suffolk Bank for fifty-nine years. Treasurer of the 
Boston Manufacturing Company, at Waltham, from 
1827 to 1844. He built the Boott Cotton Mills (of 
which he was the treasurer, and afterwards presi- 
dent), and also the Massachusetts Cotton Mills, of 
which he was also treasurer and a director. President 
of the Pacific Mills, 1871-77. Fellow of Harvard 
College, 1837-77; LL. D. 185 1. Mr. Lowell was 
the first trustee of the Lowell Institute, which was 
founded by his cousin, John Lowell, Jr., 1 799-1 836, 



i8o THE DESCENDANTS OF 

and inaugurated in 1839. He m. (first), at Boston, 
Feb. 14, 1822, Susan Cabot, second child of Francis 
Cabot and Hannah (Jackson) Lowell. She d. at 
Cambridge, Aug. 15, 1827, and he m. (second), at 
Salem, April 2, 1829, Elizabeth Cabot, daughter of 
Judge Samuel and Sarah (Gooll) Putnam. The Hon. 
John Amory Lowell d. Oct. 31, 1881. 

Augustus Lowell, a son of John Amory and Eliza- 
beth (Putnam) Lowell (daughter of the Hon. Samuel 
Putnam of Salem), was born at Boston, Jan. 15, 1830. 
He lived in his boyhood at the ancestral country home 
in Roxbury, and drove with his father every morning 
to Boston, where he attended the Public Latin School. 
Entering Harvard in 1846, he took the regular course, 
graduating with the Class of 1850. He then went to 
Europe with his father, and remained abroad until 
the autumn of the following year, the latter part of 
the tinae being devoted to travel in Germany and 
Switzerland, with his classmate, Mr. Lincoln Baylies. 
Upon his return home he took a position in the 
counting-room of Bullard & Lee, East India mer- 
chants, Boston, where he remained for two years. He 
was then sent to Lowell (named after his great-uncle, 
Francis C. Lowell) to obtain a practical knowledge 
of the running of cotton manufactories, and here he 
passed a year, after which he entered the office of 
J. M. Beebe, Morgan & Co., in Boston. June i, 1854, 
he was married at Boston to Katharine Bigelow Law- 
rence, youngest child of the Hon. Abbott Lawrence. 
After this he was almost constantly officially con- 
nected with the mills at Lowell and Lawrence, and 
was also engaged in the East Indian trade in part- 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE i8i 

nership with Mr. Franklin H. Story. In 1864 Mr. 
Lowell went abroad with his wife and family, and was 
absent from home two years and a half, the summers 
being spent in travel for the benefit of Mrs. Lowell's 
health, which had become impaired. Returning to 
Boston in the autumn of 1866, he gradually assumed 
various business cares, devoting himself chiefly to 
manufacturing interests and the management of trusts. 
Many were the positions of responsibility held by him 
at different times. He served as treasurer of the 
Boott Cotton Mills for eleven years ; as a member of 
the executive committee of the Board of Directors of 
the Massachusetts Hospital Life Insurance Company ; 
president of the Provident Institution for Savings, 
and of the Boston Gas Light Company; treasurer 
and president of the Merrimac Manufacturing Com- 
pany ; president of the following named manufactur- 
ing companies : the Massachusetts Mills in Georgia, 
Massachusetts Cotton Mills, Pacific Mills, Boott 
Cotton Mills, Lowell Bleachery, Lowell Machine 
Shop, Glendon Iron Company. Mr. Lowell was 
also a director of the following : Everett Mills, Mid- 
dlesex Company, Lawrence Mills, Lowell Manufac- 
turing Company, Suffolk National Bank, Cranberry 
Iron Company, Plymouth Cordage Company, and a 
trustee of the Union Trust Company of New York. 

Besides these varied and important business inter- 
ests, he found time to devote to matters affecting the 
public welfare. Thus he served for many years as a 
trustee of the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary 
and of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and for one 
term as a member of the Boston School Committee. 



i82 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

He succeeded his father in i88i as the trustee of 
the Lowell Institute, which greatly prospered under 
his able administration ; and for more than a quarter 
of a century he was prominent in the management of 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, first as a 
member of its Corporation, and from 1883 as one of 
its executive committee. After his return from Eu- 
rope in 1866, Mr. Lowell made his summer home in 
Brookline, where he took great pleasure in garden- 
ing, devoting also much attention to the greenhouses 
on his fine estate. His death occurred there, June 
22, 1901. 

In a Memoir of Augustus Lowell, pr-epared by 
his son, Percival Lowell, and reprinted from the 
" Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts 
and Sciences," vol. xxxvii., some leading traits of 
Mr. Lowell's character are thus described : " Three 
qualities he possessed to an unusual degree ; will, 
ability, and integrity. . . . He was noted for his de- 
termination. To his lot, in consequence, fell many 
necessary and thankless tasks. He likewise escaped 
many empty honors. For where he went, he worked. 
No one ever thought of preferring him to a post 
merely honoris causa. For people knew that in get- 
ting him they got not a figurehead, but a man who 
was certain to make himself felt; not because he 
tried to do so, but because it was in him to do it. 
He entered concerns not by the postern-gate of pop- 
ularity, but by the portal of inevitableness. He was 
chosen because he was necessary. And he stayed 
for the same reason." " He was apt to be right, that 
is, to be wise. His judgment of things within his 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 183 

own field was excellent. It was essentially sound. 
His was that uncommon sense-possession, the pos- 
session of common sense. Instinctively his mind 
worked correctly. It was the exact opposite of the 
mind of the crank, which may often hit off a brilliant 
conception, but which is too unsafe to be trusted. 
With him no one idea ever usurped the right of way 
to the exclusion of others. Each had its due effect ; 
which fundamental balance makes the only safe foun- 
dation for superstructure." 

FAMILY NO. 21 

67. Mary Nisbet, m., at Staten Island, N. Y., 
June 2, 1863, Malcolm Graeme Haughton. 
Their children : 

183. I. Lawrence, b. at Clifton, Staten Island, 
March 9, 1864. He attended Bishops College School, 
and the Institute of Technology in Boston. Cotton 
buyer. He was for four years a member of the First 
Corps of Cadets, M. V. M., and served during the 
Spanish war in the Twelfth Regiment of the Na- 
tional Guard of the State of New York. 

184. II. Malcolm Graeme, Jr., b. at Clifton, 
S. I., April 5, 1866. Attended Bishops College 
School, and studied with a private tutor. Was for 
one year a member of the Class of 1886, H. U. 
Since 1884 he has been engaged in business as a 
cotton buyer, in Columbus, Miss., Rockdale, Milam 
County, Texas, and as a member of the firm of 
Haughton & Co. in Boston. He was for seven years 
from 1893 agent in Texas for Messrs. Ralli Bros, of 
New York. 



,84 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

185. III. Alan Randolph, b. at Clifton, S. I., 
Feb. I, 1869; d. at Chestnut Hill, Mass., Nov. 23, 

1883. 

186. IV. Alison Turnbull Lawrence, b. at Clif- 
ton, S. I., July 12, 1871. She has devoted several 
years, at home and abroad, to the cultivation of her 
voice in singing, with great success. 

187. V. Percy Duncan, b. at Grymes Hill, S. I., 
July II, 1876; educated at Groton School. Gradu- 
ate of H. U., Class of 1899. Has been prominent in 
college athletics. Member of First Corps of Cadets, 
M. V. M. He is with Messrs. E. H. Rollins & Co., 
bankers, Boston. 

Malcolm Graeme Haughton, Sr., son of Benjamin 
and Rachel Haughton, was born in Banford, near 
Lawrencetown, in the north of Ireland, Nov. 2, 1831. 
He received early instruction from private tutors and 
at schools in Dublin. Coming to this country, he 
engaged in business as a merchant in New Orleans 
and New York, and later in Boston as a cotton buyer. 
Residence at Brookline. 

EIGHTH GENERATION 
FAMILY NO. 22 

III. Arthur, m., at Stockbridge, Mass., June 12, 
1877, Alison Turnbull Lawrence, second daughter of 
Samuel and Alison Turnbull Lawrence of Stock- 
bridge. She d. May 22, 1884. 

Their children : 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 185 

188. I. William Richards, b. at Stockbridge, 
July 3, 1878. He received his early education at 
Groton School, Groton, Mass. Graduated at Har- 
vard in 1 90 1. While in college he was an editor of 
the "Crimson." Master in Groton School. In 1902 
he went to Germany to study languages and the sci- 
ence of teaching. 

189. n. Susan Dana, b. at Stockbridge, Aug. 
20, 1879 ; d. Sept. 16, 1888. 

Arthur Lawrence received his early training at 
Lawrence Academy, Groton; M. Keller's private 
school in Paris, France ; Boston Public Latin School, 
Epes S. Dixwell's school, and at Norwich (Vt.) Uni- 
versity. After graduation at Harvard, in 1863, he was 
for a short time in the counting-room of E. R. Mudge, 
Sawyer & Co., where he remained until Feb., 1864, 
when he entered the service of the United States 
Christian Commission, and continued therein as del- 
egate and agent until the close of the war. He was 
a volunteer aide of General O. O. Howard, command- 
ing the right wing of General W. T. Sherman's army, 
during the famous march from Atlanta to the sea. 
On Dec. 13, 1864, Generals Sherman and Howard, 
with their staffs, watched from Cheves' rice-mill, on 
the opposite bank of the Ogeeche River, the assault 
on Fort McAllister, which was captured after sun- 
set by Brigadier-General William " B. Hazen's Divi- 
sion. The two generals, with their orderlies, and 
Colonel Strong of Howard's staff. Major George 
Ward Nichols, and Mr. Lawrence, embarked in a 
small boat havins^ three oars, the three last named 



i86 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

being the oarsmen. The trip was thus described by 
Mr. Lawrence : " General Sherman sat in the stern, 
steering with a paddle, to counteract the inequality 
of the two sides. It was moonlight, and he was in 
the highest spirits. We shouted and sang ; then his 
lame arm gave out (he had been wounded at the first 
battle of Bull Run), and I took his place in the stern. 
We took our chances as to torpedoes, and pulled 
down to the fort. General Hazen met us on the 
sands, and we went to his quarters and had supper. 
Then Major Anderson, the late commander of the 
fort, was brought in. He and his men had fought 
with great gallantry. His colored servant was wait- 
ing upon us at table, and Sherman said to him, 
' Now, Robert, remember, you 're a free man ; don't 
be afraid to speak out.' And he was not. And as 
Major Anderson was brought in, the two men, no 
longer master and slave, as they had been two hours 
before, stood face to face. It was most dramatic." 

In Oct., 1865, Mr. Lawrence entered the Theo- 
logical Seminary at Gambler, O., where he remained 
two years. He then went abroad, and spent the 
winter of 1867-68 in travelling in Egypt and in the 
Holy Land with his cousin. Dr. A. Lawrence Mason. 
Reaching home in Oct., 1868, he resumed his studies 
at the Episcopal Theological School in Cambridge, 
and was ordained deacon at Longwood, March 2, 

1869. Soon after, he sailed for Colon, Isthmus of 
Panama, with his brother Robert, en route to Cali- 
fornia, and for several months was in charge of 
St. Paul's Church, Virginia City, Nev. From Dec, 

1870, to April, 1872, he was assistant minister of Cal- 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 187 

vary Church, New York. He became rector of St. 
Paul's Church, Stockbridge, Mass., July 7, 1872, and 
still holds the position. In 1893 he received the de- 
gree of Doctor of Divinity from Williams College. 
At the present time he is archdeacon of Springfield, 
a member of the Board of Trustees of Donations 
of the Diocese of Massachusetts, of the Standing 
Committee of the Diocese of Western Massachu- 
setts, and vice-president of the Berkshire Industrial 
Farm. He has served as a delegate to the General 
Conventions of the Episcopal Church in 1888, 1892, 
1895, and 1901. 

Dr. Lawrence has made numerous Atlantic voy- 
ages, and has travelled extensively in the United 
States and Europe, Africa, Egypt, and the East. 
He has also visited Cuba, Jamaica, and the Bermudas. 
He is the author of an illustrated article in the " Cen- 
tury Magazine " for 1895, entitled " Bryant and the 
Berkshire Hills," and of an article on the " Origin of 
the Names of Berkshire Towns," in the " Collections 
of the Berkshire Historical and Scientific Society," 
vol. ii., 1895. 

FAMILY NO. 23 

112. Robert Means, m., at Brookline, June 30, 
1870, Katharine Lawrence Cleaveland, b. at Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., March 6, 1845; daughter of Nehemiah 
Cleaveland, LL. D., and Catherine Atherton (Means) 
Cleaveland, who was a daughter of Colonel David 
McGregor and Catherine (Atherton) Means of Am- 
herst, N. H. (b. May 22, 1817; d. at Brooklyn, L. I., 
Aug. 27, 1846). 



i88 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Their children : 

190. I. Madeleine, b. at Boston, Aug. 15, 1871. 

191. II. Isabel Cleavelandjb. at Boston, Jan. 14, 

1873. 

192. III. Helen Atherton, b. at Paris, France, 

May 12, 1876; d. at Boston, July 31, 1879. 

193. IV. Robert Means, b. at Boston, July 19, 
1877; d. at Boston, April 2, 1878. 

Nehemiah Cleaveland was a descendant of Moses 
Cleveland or Cleaveland, the common ancestor of all 
those of New England origin who bear the name. 
Moses Cleveland was a native of Ipswich, the shire 
town of Suffolk County, England, and came to this 
country when a youth, about the year 1635, making 
his home in Woburn, Mass., where he became a free- 
holder in 1643. 

Rev. John Cleaveland, great-grandson of Moses, 
grandson of Josiah, and son of Josiah and Abigail 
(Paine) Cleaveland, was born at Canterbury, Conn., 
April 22, 1722. He m. (first), at Ipswich, Mass., July 
15, 1747, Mary, youngest child of Parker and Mary 
(Choate) Dodge. She d. April 21, 1768, and he m. 
(second), Sept. 28, 1769, at Salem, Mrs. Mary (Neale) 
Foster, widow of Captain John Foster. Rev. John 
Cleaveland was a graduate of Yale (Class of 1745) 
and studied theology. In 1747 he became pastor 
of the Sixth Parish in Chebacco (now called Essex, 
but at that time a part of the town of Ipswich), and 
his ministry there lasted fifty-two years. He was 
commissioned by Governor Thomas Pownall, March 
13, 1758, chaplain of a regiment of foot, commanded 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 189 

by Colonel Jonathan Bagley, and served during the 
French and Indian war, and in the early part of the 
Revolution. It was a traditional saying of him that 
" he preached all the young men among his people 
into the army, and then went himself, taking his four 
sons with him." Rev. John Cleaveland d. April 22, 
1799. 

Dr. Nehemiah Cleaveland was the fourth son of 
Rev. John and Mary (Dodge) Cleaveland, and was 
born at Ipswich, Mass., Aug. 26, 1760. When sixteen 
years old he attended his father during the siege of 
Boston, afterwards enlisting and being in active ser- 
vice at West Point, Ticonderoga, and other places. 
At the age of twenty-one he began the study of 
medicine with his brother at Byfield, and afterwards 
with Dr. Manning of Ipswich. In 1783 he entered 
upon practice in Topsfield and the adjacent towns. 
Dr. Cleaveland served five years in the State Senate. 
In 1 8 14 he was appointed a session justice of the 
Court of Common Pleas. From 1820 to 1822 he 
was associate justice of the Court of Sessions for Es- 
sex County, and from 1823 to 1828 he was chief 
justice. In the latter year he retired from all public 
business. Dr. Cleaveland m. (first), Oct. 6, 1787, 
Lucy, daughter of Dr. John and Lucy (Bowles) Man- 
ning. She d. June 6, 1791, and he m. (second), July 
I, 1792, Experience, daughter of Dr. Elisha and Mrs. 
Tamersine (Coit) Lord, nee Kimball, who d. Jan. 21, 
1845, at Manchester-by-the-Sea. Dr. Cleaveland d. 
at Topsfield, Feb. 26, 1837. 

Nehemiah Cleaveland, third child of the last-named, 
was born at Topsfield, Aug. 16, 1796. He fitted for 



190 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

college at Dummer Academy, Byfield, Mass., and 
graduated at Bowdoin in 1813. He then taught 
school at Portland, Me., and at Dedham, Mass. ; and 
from 181 7 to 1820 was classical tutor at Bowdoin Col- 
lege. For the ensuing nineteen years he was prin- 
cipal of Dummer Academy, and afterwards occupied 
the positions of headmaster of the Lowell, Mass., 
High School and professor of Ancient Languages in 
Phillips Exeter Academy. At a later period he con- 
ducted a school for young ladies at Brooklyn, L. I. 
Mr. Cleaveland's death occurred at Westport, Conn., 
April 1 7, 1877, in his eighty-first year. He was a fine 
classical scholar, a graceful writer and orator, and a 
successful teacher. " In his tastes and habits, a gen- 
tleman of the old school ; an ever faithful and sympa- 
thizing friend ; hospitable, courteous, and generous ; 
reticent of his religious thoughts and feelings, but a 
man of deep piety." Mr. Cleaveland's first wife was 
Abby Pickard Manning, daughter of Dr. Joseph and 
Elizabeth (Pickard) Manning of Charleston, S. C. She 
was b. at Ipswich, Mass., April 15, 1794; d. July 2, 
1836. He m. (second), Nov. 25, 1842, Catherine Ath- 
erton Means, daughter of Colonel David McGregor 
and Catherine (Atherton) Means of Amherst, N. H. 
She d. at Byfield, Mass., Aug. 27, 1846. 

THE MEANS FAMILY 

The Meanses are probably of Huguenot descent. 
The name was anciently written Mayne, Maine, or 
Magne, and appears in Domesday Book, and in various 
local records in Great Britain. The name is believed 
to be derived from the ancient French Province of Le 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 191 

Maine, and in the form of magjie it has tlie same 
meaning as the Latin viagnus ; as. for example, in the 
name Charlemagne. On a stone in Glasgow Cathe- 
dral is inscribed the name of John Main, who died in 
16S4. The ancestors of the Meanses of Amherst, 
N. H., are believed to have taken refuge in Ireland, 
to avoid religious persecution, probably towards the 
close of the seventeenth century. 

Colonel Robert Means (son of Thomas Means), b. 
at Stewartstown, County of Tyrone, Ireland, Aug. 28, 
1742, came to America as a young man in 1766, and 
engaged in the business of weaving at Merrimac, 
and afterwards settled at Amherst, N. H. After a 
few years he abandoned the pursuit of weaving and 
entered upon a successful mercantile career. He 
became widely known throughout that region, and 
established a reputation for honesty and fair deal- 
ing. Colonel Means served as a representative from 
Amherst in the General Court of New Hampshire 
during several sessions, also for two years as a state 
senator, and as treasurer of Hillsborough County for 
a long period. He m., Nov. 24, 1774, Mary, daughter 
of Rev. David McGregor of Londonderry, N. H. 
Colonel Means d. at Amherst, Jan. 24, 1823. He had 
nine children, of whom the second, Mary, b. Oct. 20, 
1777, m., Nov. 6, 1799, Hon. Jeremiah Mason, whose 
youngest child, the Rev. Charles Mason, m., at Boston, 
June 1 1, 1838, Susanna, daughter of Amos Lawrence. 
(Family No. 16.) 

Elizabeth, the next younger daughter (b. Sept. 8, 
1779), m., Sept. 28, 1800, Rev. Jesse Appleton (Dart- 
mouth, 1792 ; pastor at Hampton, N. H.; president of 



192 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Bowdoin College). Their daughter Jane m. Hon. 
Franklin Pierce, afterwards President of the United 
States. 

David McGregor Means, the fourth child of Colo- 
nel Robert Means (b. Sept. 28, 1781), m., Jan. 12, 
1808, Catherine, daughter of Hon. Joshua Atherton. 
They had nine children, of whom the fifth, Cather- 
ine, b. May 22, 181 7, m., Nov. 25, 1842, Nehemiah 
Cleaveland, LL. D. She d. at Byfield, Mass., Aug. 
27, 1846. Their only child, Katharine Lawrence 
Cleaveland, m., June 30, 1870, Robert Means Law- 
rence. (Family No. 23.) David McGregor Means 
d. at Amherst, March 5, 1835. 

Nancy, the fifth child of Colonel Robert Means 
(b. Oct. 28, 1783), m. (first), Feb. 4, 18 16, Judge Caleb 
Ellis. He d. and she m. (second), April 16, 182 1, 
Amos Lawrence of Boston. (Family No. 4.) ^ 

THE MCGREGOR FAMILY 

The lineage of the McGregors is purely Scottish. 
According to one authority, the ancestors of some of 
the founders of Londonderry, N. H., emigrated from 
Argyleshire about the year 161 2, and settled in the 
extreme north of Ireland. But the greater number 
are believed to have left Scotland in the latter part of 
the seventeenth century, on account of the relentless 
persecution of Claverhouse. Some of the elder ones 
among the emigrants to New Hampshire had taken 

1 There are many families of the name of Maynes or Maines in 
County Tyrone and other portions of northern Ireland at the present 
time. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 193 

an active part in the defence of Londonderry, Ireland, 
during the famous siege of that Protestant stronghold 
in 1689, when its inhabitants successfully resisted the 
forces of James II. 

The Rev. James McGregor was born in Ireland 
about the year 1677. He was a Presbyterian min- 
ister of old Londonderry, who came to America in 
1 7 18, accompanied by his family and the members of 
his congregation. Before embarking, Mr. McGregor 
preached a sermon to his flock, and enumerated the 
reasons which induced him to leave Ireland. They 
were: (i) "to avoid oppression and cruel bondage; 
(2) to shun persecution and designed ruin ; (3) to with- 
draw from the communion of idolaters; and (4) to 
have an opportunity to worship God according to the 
dictates of conscience and the rules of his inspired 
Word." (Willey's " Book of Nutfield," p. 49.) Mr. 
McGregor, with his large company, arrived in Bos- 
ton, Aug. 4, 1 718, and after some vicissitudes settled 
at Nutfield, N. H., as the district which now includes 
the town of Londonderry was then called. Here 
was formed, in May, 1719, "the First Church in 
Derry," of which Mr. McGregor was the pastor. He 
m., in old Londonderry, Aug. 29, 1706, Maryanne 
Cargyl, and they had ten children. Besides his offi- 
cial duties, Mr. McGregor devoted considerable time 
to school-teaching. He d. March 5, 1729. 

Rev.' David McGregor, third child of James, was 
b. in Ireland, Nov. 6, 17 10. He was ordained in 
1737, and became the first minister of the West Par- 
ish of Londonderry, in 1739, holding the position for 
nearly forty years. His wife's maiden name was 



194 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Mary Boyd. She d. Sept. 28, 1793, aged 70 years. 
His death occurred, May 30, 1777. Their ninth and 
youngest child, Mary McGregor, m., Nov. 24, 1774, 
Colonel Robert Means of Amherst, N. H. 

A gun, formerly the property of Rev. James 
McGregor, and which was used during the siege of 
Londonderry, Ireland, in 1689, was in the possession 
of A. F. Hall, Esq., of Manchester, N. H., in 1870. 
This weapon is doubly interesting as a relic, having 
been carried into the pulpit every Sunday by Mr. 
McGregor, " loaded and primed, to be ready in case 
of sudden attack by the Indian enemy." (" London- 
derry Celebration," p. 114.) " The surname of Mac- 
Gregor, once a numerous name, hath of a long tract 
of time been accounted one of the ancient Scottish 
surnames, being a known, ancient, proper Scottish 
name." (" An Inquiry into the Genealogy and Pre. 
sent State of Ancient Scottish Surnames, by William 
Buchanan of Auchmar. Edinborough, mdcclxxv.") 

Robert Means Lawrence received early instruc- 
tion at the Boston Latin School (one year) and at 
the schools of Marlborough Churchill at Sing Sing, 
N. Y. (one year), and Epes S. Dixwell, in Boston 
(six years). In 1865 he spent five months in a French 
household at Melun, Seine-et-Marne, France, and in 
the autumn of that year he studied under a tutor at 
Cambridge, Mass., and entered the Harvard Class of 
1869 at the beginning of the Sophomore year, re- 
maining until the close of the first Senior term. He 
received the degree of A. B. some years later. After 
leaving college he travelled in the Southern States, 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 195 

California, and Japan. Returning to Boston, he 
entered the Harvard Medical School in the fall of 
1869, taking a four years' course, and graduating in 
1873. The following year he went abroad with his 
wife and children, and spent twenty-eight months, 
mostly in Vienna and Paris, in attendance at lectures 
and clinics. On his return he took an office on 
Essex Street, Boston. From 1876 to 1886 he was 
one of the physicians of the Boston Dispensary; 
assistant surgeon and surgeon of the First Regiment 
of Infantry, M. V. M., 1877-82, and member of the 
Board of Medical Examiners, M. V. M. ; trustee of 
the Wells Memorial Workingmen's Club, and of the 
Workingmen's Cooperative Bank ; treasurer of the 
Episcopal Church Association (1880-93). ^^ 1882 
he bought a farm in Lexington, Mass., and there made 
his home for eight years, serving as chairman of the 
Town Board of Health, selectman (1884-86), member 
of the School Committee (1888-90), vice-president of 
the Lexington Savings Bank, medical examiner of In- 
dependence Lodge, Ancient Order of United Work- 
men (1882-88), and senior warden of the Church 
of Our Redeemer, Lexington. After nearly two 
years in Europe with his family, and three winters in 
Washington, he again settled in Boston, and of late 
years has devoted much time to the study of family 
history and folk-lore. Fellow of the Massachusetts 
Medical Society and member of the Boston Society 
for Medical Improvement ; member of the American 
Folk-Lore Society and National Geographic Society ; 
life member of the New England Historic Genealo- 
gical Society. Author: "The Therapeutic Value of 



196 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

the Iodide of Ethyl " (reprinted from the " New York 
Medical Record," June 19, 1880). " Phonic Paralysis, 
with rapid respiration " (" Boston Medical and Surgi- 
cal Journal," July 20, 1882). " Historical Sketches of 
Some Members of the Lawrence Family," 2 1 5 pages, 
Boston, Rand-Avery Co., 1888. " The Magic of the 
Horse-shoe," 344 pages, Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 
1898. 

FAMILY NO. 24 

113. Marianne Appleton, m., at Brookline, May 
12, 1864, Robert Amory, M. D., and had one daugh- 
ter : 

194. Alice, b. at Waban Farm, Newton, May 8, 
1865. She m., at Longwood, Oct. 12, 1892, Augus- 
tus Thorndike, M. D., and had these, all born at 
Boston : 

195. I. Mary, b. Oct. 17, 1893. 

196. 2. Alice Cornelia, b. March 6, 1895. 

197. 3. Augustus, b. March 13, 1896. 

198. 4. Charles, b. March 13, 1898. 

199. 5. Robert Amory, b. Dec. 19, 1900. 
Augustus Thorndike, son of Charles and Mary 

Edmundson (Edgar) Thorndike, was born at Paris, 
France, April 27, 1863. His preparatory training 
was received in Brookline, and at Mr. Noble's school 
in Boston. After graduation at Harvard with the 
Class of 1884 he spent three months in European 
travel, and on his return to this country he entered 
the Harvard Medical School, and received the de- 
gree of M. D. in 1888. He then began the practice 
of his profession in Boston, devoting himself to the 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 197 

specialty of orthopedic surgery, and was interested 
in the estabHshment of the Industrial School for 
Crippled and Deformed Children, which was founded 
in 1893 and incorporated the following year. Dr. 
Thorndike was for several years one of the visiting 
physicians to St. Luke's Home for Convalescents in 
Roxbury, and was a district physician and surgeon 
to the Boston Dispensary from 1890 to 1896. He is 
at present a visiting surgeon to the House of the 
Good Samaritan, assistant surgeon to the West End 
Infants' Hospital, and junior assistant surgeon to the 
Children's Hospital in Boston. He is a member of 
the Massachusetts Medical Society, American Med- 
ical Association, American Orthopedic Association, 
Boston Society for Medical Improvement, and Bos- 
ton Society of Medical Sciences. Among his contri- 
butions to medical literature is the following : " Three 
Cases of Spastic Hemiplegia treated by Open Tenot- 
omy or Myotomy in the Forearm and Hand," Boston, 
1892. 

THE AMORY FAMILY 

The lineage of the Amorys of Boston has been 
traced from Hugh Amory, who was living at Wring- 
ton, a market-town of Somersetshire, England, in the 
year 1605. His youngest son, Thomas (baptized 
June 5, 1608), served a seven years' apprenticeship at 
Bristol, with Robert Elliott, whose eldest daughter, 
Ann, he married Nov. 7, 1631. Thomas Amory be- 
came a prominent merchant of Bristol. In 1660, he 
was appointed " Chief Commissioner of the Navy 
in Ireland" and removed with his family to Galy, 



igS THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Listowel, in the County Kerry. He d. about June, 
1667. 

Jonathan, the youngest of ten children of Thomas 
and Ann (Elliott) Amory, was b. March 14, 1654, at 
Bristol, and was for a time engaged in business at 
Dublin, where he married the widow Rebecca Hous- 
ton in 1677 (license dated May 31). About the year 
1683, they emigrated with their young children to 
Barbadoes, West Indies, where Rebecca d. and he 

m. (second), Martha . Within a few years after, 

Jonathan removed to South Carolina, and became a 
resident of Charleston, where he was known to be 
living in Nov., 1691. Here he held important official 
positions, being speaker of the Assembly, advocate- 
general, and treasurer of the Province. He d. of 
yellow fever in 1699. 

Thomas Amory, second child of Jonathan and 
Rebecca, was b. at Dublin in May, 1682. When a 
very young child he accompanied his parents to Bar- 
badoes, and later to Charleston. In 1694, when 
twelve years of age, he was sent to the care of rela- 
tives in England, and attended Westminster School, 
London. After this he entered the employ of a 
French merchant named Nicholas Oursel, who sent 
•him, in 1 706, as supercargo, to the Azores, where he 
became a merchant, and was appointed Dutch and 
English consul, having his residence at Angra, the 
capital of the islands. In the summer of 1719 he 
sailed for Boston, and thence proceeded to South 
Carolina, where he passed the ensuing winter, re- 
turning to Boston in the spring of 1720. Mr. Amory 
m., May 9, 1721, Rebecca, daughter of Francis 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 199 

Holmes, and engaged in business as a merchant. 
He d. June 20, 1728. 

Thomas, eldest child of Thomas and Rebecca 
(Holmes) Amory, was born at Boston, April 23, 
1722. He entered the Public Latin School in 1735, 
and graduated at Harvard in 1741. Afterwards he 
studied theology, although he was not ordained to 
the ministry, but became a merchant. Thomas 
Amory m., in 1764, his cousin Elizabeth, tenth child 
of William and Ann (Holmes) Coffin. He d. in 
Aug., 1784. 

Jonathan, the third of nine children of Thomas 
and Elizabeth, was b. July 7, 1770. H. U. 1787. 
He entered the counting-house of his uncles Jona- 
than and John Amory, afterwards engaging in busi- 
ness with James Cutler, and still later forming a 
partnership with his elder brother, Thomas Coffin 
Amory. He m. (first), in 1793, Ann Wier, who left 
no issue. She d. in 1795, and he m. (second), in 
1 80 1, Mehetable, daughter of Governor James Sulli- 
van and widow of James Cutler, above-mentioned. 
He d. at Boston in 1847. 

James Sullivan, third child of Jonathan Amory 
and his second wife, was born at Boston, May 14, 
1809. He attended the private school of Captain 
Partridge near Boston, and was for two years a mem- 
ber of the Harvard Class of 1829, receiving the 
degree of A. B. out of course. Mr. Amory was m., 
at Trinity Church, Boston, Nov. 28, 1837, to Mary 
Copley, daughter of Gardiner and Elizabeth (Clark) 
Greene. He was treasurer of the Nashua and Jack- 
son manufacturing companies (cotton goods) and of 



200 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

the Lancaster Mills, and held the office of president 
of the Provident Institution for Savings. He was 
also a director of various business organizations. 
When a young man he made two voyages to Cal- 
cutta as supercargo, and later he visited Europe fre- 
quently. Mr. Amory was at one time colonel of the 
Independent Corps of Cadets, M. V. M. He d. at 
Boston, June 8, 1884. 

Robert Amory, the third son of James Sullivan 
and Mary Copley (Greene) Amory, and a descendant 
of Hon. James Sullivan, the fifth governor of Mas- 
sachusetts ( 1 744-1 808), was b. at Boston, May 3, 
1842. He attended E. S. Dixwell's school at Bos- 
ton, graduated at Harvard in 1863, and at the Medi- 
cal School in 1866. After spending a year abroad 
in the study of his profession, during which time he 
visited the Paris hospitals and served as externe at 
the Dublin Lying-in Hospital, he took up his resi- 
dence at Longwood, and there began the practice of 
medicine, which he continued for about twenty years. 
In April, 1868, he was appointed lecturer at the 
Harvard Medical School, and instituted with the 
authority of Prof. Edward H. Clarke, M. D., a class 
for the study of the physiological action of drugs upon 
animals; and in 1873 he was appointed professor 
of Physiology at the Medical School of Bowdoin 
College. Dr. Amory has been a trial commissioner 
and councillor of the Massachusetts Medical Society, 
president of the Norfolk County Medical Society, 
and medical examiner of Norfolk County. He is a 
member of the Massachusetts Medical Society, Amer- 
ican Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Medi- 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 201 

cal Association, Boston Society of Medical Sciences, 
Boston Society of Natural History, and a correspond- 
ing member of the New York Therapeutic Society. 
He was president of the convention for revising 
the U. S. Pharmacopoeia, 1860-70. Dr. Amory was 
commissioned assistant surgeon of the First Battery 
of Light Artillery, M. V. M., July 28, 1875, resigning 
April 28, 1876. Commissioned surgeon of the First 
Battalion of Cavalry, Aug. 14, 1876, and on Aug. 15, 
1878, medical director, with the rank of lieutenant- 
colonel, on the staff of Brigadier-General Eben Sut- 
ton, commanding the Second Brigade, M. V. M. He 
was a physician to the Boston Dispensary in 1869- 
70, and was for nine years a member and secretary 
of the School Committee, and a trustee of the Public 
Library of Brookline. Dr. Amory retired from the 
practice of medicine in Oct., 1887, and for ten years 
thereafter was president of the Brookline Gas-light 
Company. 

Mrs. Marianne Appleton (Lawrence) Amory died 
May 15, 1882, and he m., Sept. 4, 1884, at Boston, 
Katharine Leighton Crehore, daughter of George 
Clarendon and Lucy (Daniel) Crehore. They have 
these children: (i) Robert, Jr., b. at Boston, Oct. 
23, 1885; (2) Mary Copley, b. at Bar Harbor, Me., 
July 3, 1888; (3) Katharine Leighton, b. at Boston, 
Oct. 21, 1891 ; (4) Margery Sullivan, b. at Boston, 
Oct. 21, 1897. 

Dr. Amory was for several years a member of the 
staff of the " Boston Medical and Surgical Journal," 
as reporter on therapeutics. In 1886, together with 
Dr. Edward H. Clarke, he prepared a treatise on 



202 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

the Physiological and Therapeutical Action of the 
Bromides. He also wrote a book on the Action of 
Nitrous Oxide Gas as an anaesthetic (Boston, 1870), 
and translated and edited the Lectures on Physi- 
ology of Professor Kiiss of the Strasburg School of 
Medicine. He revised and edited the volume on 
Poisons, in Wharton and Stille's Medical Jurispru- 
dence (third edition), published by Kay & Brother, 
Philadelphia. With Professor Edward S. Wood of 
the Harvard Medical School he revised and edited 
the fourth edition of the same work, which was pub- 
lished in 1884, and he is now engaged in revising 
the fifth edition, which is to appear in 1904. Dr. 
Amory was one of the organizers of the Massachu- 
setts Medico-legal Society, and was elected its first 
recording secretary in 1878, and its second president 
in 1880 and 1881. He is at present an honorary 
member of the Society. 



FAMILY NO. 25 

it 

114. Sarah, m., at Brookline, Oct. 4, 1866, Peter j 
Chardon Brooks. Residences at Boston and West 
Medford, Mass. 

Their children: 1: J 

200. L Eleanor, b. at West Medford, Sept. 18, 
1867; m., at West Medford, Oct. 17, 1891, Richard 
Middlecott Saltonstall, and has these, born at Chest- 
nut Hill : 

201. I. Leverett, b. Sept. i, 1892. 

202. 2. Eleanor, b. Oct. 19, 1894. 

203. 3. Muriel Gurdon, b. March 26, 1896. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE J03 

204. 4. Richard, b. July 23, 1897. 

Richard Middlecott Saltonstall, second son of 
Leverett Saltonstall and Rose, daughter of John 
Clarke and Harriet (Rose) Lee, was b. Oct. 28, 1859. 
He received early instruction at Chestnut Hill, and 
at Noble's school in Boston, and is a Harvard gradu- 
ate of the Class of 1880. In the fall of that year he 
entered the Harvard Law School, and was admitted 
to the Suffolk bar, Jan., 1884. In 1887 he was ap- 
pointed general solicitor of the New York and New 
England Railroad Company, holding this position 
until Feb., 1890, since when he has been engaged 
in the general practice of the law. At a meeting of 
the Alumni Association of Harvard College, in June, 
1888, Mr. Saltonstall was chosen a member of the 
committee to nominate overseers. In 1889 he built 
a house at Chestnut Hill, which has since been his 
residence. On the first day of Nov., 1898, he formed 
a partnership with William A. Gaston, his classmate, 
and Frederic A. Snow, with an oflfice at 15 Congress 
Street, Boston. Except for the usual summer vaca- 
tions and a short trip to Europe in 1896, Mr. Salton- 
stall has been steadily engaged in his regular work. 
He is also trustee of various estates. 

Richard Middlecott Saltonstall is a descendant, in 
the ninth generation, of Sir Richard Saltonstall (b. 
152 1), who was knighted by Queen Elizabeth in 
1598. He was a member of the Merchant Adven- 
turers and Furriers' Hall, sheriff of London, 1588, 
lord mayor, 1597-98, and member of Parliament for 
the City of London. He was lord of the Manor of 
Moorhall in Yardley and Barkway, Northampton- 



204 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

shire. Sir Richard Saltonstall m. Susanna, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Poyntz of North Okenden. They 
had five sons and ten daughters. 

Leverett Saltonstall, father of Richard M. Salton- 
stall, was a graduate of Harvard College in 1844, ^^^ 
of the Law School in 1847. He was admitted to the 
Suffolk bar in 1850, and continued to practise law 
until 1862, when he retired, devoting himself to agri- 
cultural pursuits and the management of trusts. In 
Dec, 1885, he was appointed collector of customs for 
the port of Boston by President Cleveland, and re- 
tained the office for more than four years. He was 
an overseer of Harvard College from 1876 to 1888, 
and was reelected in 1890. 

205. n. Lawrence, b. at Boston, Nov. 9, 1868. 

Lawrence Brooks attended Mr. Noble's school in 
Boston and took the regular academic course at Har- 
vard, graduating in 189 1. In the early winter of 
1896 he became a resident of Groton, and two years 
afterwards he bought an estate in that town, where 
he has been interested in farming. He has devoted 
attention especially to the development and improve- 
ment of worn-out land, and to the planting of timber- 
trees in places unfit for tillage. Mr. Brooks has 
travelled over a large part of Europe at different 
times, and visited the West Indies in 1892. More 
recently he spent several months at Yokohama, Japan, 
and returned to this country towards the close of 
1902. 

THE BROOKS FAMILY 

Peter Chardon Brooks, son of Gorham and Ellen 
(Shepherd) Brooks, was born at Watertown, now 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 205 

Belmont, Mass., May 8, 1831. He is of the eighth 
generation from Captain Thomas Brooks, the emi- 
grant ancestor, who settled in Watertown, Mass., 
about 1 63 1, and was admitted a freeman, Dec. 7, 
1636. Two years later he removed to Concord, 
where he became a large landowner. He was ap- 
pointed constable, and held the rank of captain in the 
militia. He also served seven years as representa- 
tive from Concord to the General Court. Captain 

Thomas Brooks m. Grace , who d. May 12, 1664. 

His death occurred at Concord, May 21, 1667. 

Caleb Brooks, the third child of the preceding, was 
born at Watertown in 1632. He m. (first), April 10, 
1660, Susanna, daughter of Thomas Atkinson, and 
had five children. She d. in 1669, and he m. (second) 
Hannah Atkinson, younger sister of his first wife. 
Caleb Brooks removed in 1680 from Concord to 
Medford, Mass., where he d. July 29, 1696. 

Captain Samuel Brooks, the younger of two sons 
of Caleb by his second marriage, was born at Con- 
cord, Sept. I, 1672. He m. Sarah, daughter of Dr. 
Thomas and Mary (Gardner) Boylston of Muddy 
River, now Brookline. Captain Samuel Brooks d. 

July 3. 1735- 

Samuel Brooks, elder child of the preceding, was 

born in Medford, Sept. 3, 1 700. He m. Mary Bont- 
well; owned several slaves; died July 5, 1768. 

Rev. Edward Brooks, the fourth child of Samuel, 
was born at Medford, Nov. 4, 1733. Graduated, 
Harvard College, 1757. Ordained in North Yar- 
mouth, Me., July 4, 1764, and remained there five 
years, removing to Medford, Mass., in 1 769. He was 



2o6 THE DESCENDANTS OF ' 

a participant in the engagements with the British 
troops on their return from Lexington, April 19, 
1775, and was chaplain of the frigate Hancock in 
1777. He m., Sept. 23, 1764, Abigail, daughter of 
Rev. John and Joanna (Cotton) Brown of Haverhill. 
He d. at Medford, May 6, 1781. 

Peter Chardon Brooks, the second child of Rev. 
Edward, was born at North Yarmouth, Me., Jan. 6, 
1767. His boyhood was spent on the ancestral farm 
in Medford. At the age of twenty-one he estab- 
lished himself as an insurance broker in Boston, and 
remained in business until the year 1804 or there- 
abouts, when he retired. Mr. Brooks was a member 
of the Common Council of Boston in 1822, the year 
of the organization of the first city government. He 
also served in the Massachusetts Senate several years. 
He was named after Pierre Chardon, a friend and 
classmate of his father, the son of a prominent Bos- 
ton merchant, and of French Huguenot ancestry. 
Peter Chardon Brooks m., Nov. 26, 1792, Anna, 
daughter of Hon. NathaniehGorham of Charlestown. 
He d. at Boston, Jan. i, 1849. 

Gorham Brooks, the second of thirteen children of 
the preceding, was b. at Medford, Feb. 10, 1795. He 
entered Phillips Academy, Andover, in 1805, and 
graduated at Harvard College in 18 14. After study- 
ing law for a while, he devoted himself to mercantile 
affairs. In 1833 he entered the firm of W. C. May- 
hew & Co., and later that of Brooks & Harrison, at 
Baltimore, Md. Returning to Medford in 1840, he 
became interested in agriculture. Mr. Brooks m., 
at Watertown, April 20, 1829, Ellen, daughter of 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 207 

Rezin Davis Shepherd of Shepherdstown, Va. He 
d. Sept. 10, 1855. 

Peter Chardon Brooks, the subject of this sketch, 
a son of Gorham and Ellen (Shepherd) Brooks, was 
b. at Watertown, May 8, 1831. He prepared for 
college under Samuel Eliot, was admitted to Har- 
vard, Aug. 22, 1848, graduating in 1852, and has 
devoted himself largely to agricultural pursuits, for- 
estry, and art. He is also a trustee of valuable 
estates. Mr. Brooks has travelled extensively. His 
Boston residence for many years was on Arlington 
Street, at the northerly corner of Marlborough Street, 
but he has recently occupied a new house on Bay 
State Road. His summer home is at West Medford. 

FAMILY NO. 26 

115. Amory Appleton, m., June i, 1871, Emily 
Fairfax Silsbee, daughter of John Boardman and 
Martha Mansfield (Shepard) Silsbee, and had these : 

206. I. Amos Amory, b. at Boston, Dec. i, 1874. 
Amos Amory Lawrence pursued his preliminary 

studies at St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H. He 
then took the regular four years' course at Harvard, 
graduating in 1896, after which he was for one year 
a student at the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology. He has made several trips to Europe, and 
at the present time (1902) is studying Architecture 
at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris. 

207. II. John Silsbee, b. at Nahant, Sept. 6, 
1878. 

John Silsbee Lawrence attended the private 



2o8 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

schools of Messrs. Noble and Greenough in Boston, 
and is a Harvard graduate of the Class of 1901. 
While in college he was the trainer of the successful 
Freshman football elevens in 1900 and 1901. Mr. 
Lawrence has visited Europe twice. He is a mem- 
ber of the First Corps of Cadets, M. V. M., and is to 
be a merchant. At present he is in the counting- 
room of Messrs. Lawrence & Co. in Boston, being 
eno^acred, with his father, in the business of distribut- 
ing New England cotton mill products. 

208. III. Edith, b. at Boston, Nov. 10, 1879; m., 
at Longwood, Feb. 19, 1903, Harold Jefferson Cool- 
idge of Boston, son of Joseph Randolph and Julia 
(Gardner) Coolidge. He was born at Nice, France, 
Jan. 22, 1870, and is a lineal descendant of Thomas 
Jefferson, third President of the United States. Mr. 
Coolidge attended Chauncy Hall School and the 
private school of John P. Hopkinson in Boston ; he 
studied also in Germany, and graduated from Har- 
vard with the Class of 1892. He is a lawyer by pro- 
fession, having an office at 22 Congress Street, Boston. 
In 1893-94 ^^ made a trip around the world, and 
besides this he has visited Europe several times. 
Mr. Coolidge was admitted to the bar in 1896, and 
at this writing (1903) he is a member of the law firm 
of Loring & Coolidge. They have (208a) Harold 
Jefferson Coolidge Junior, b. Jan. 15, 1904. 

Mrs. Emily Fairfax (Silsbee) Lawrence d. at Bos- 
ton, April 4, 1895. Amory Appleton Lawrence m. 
(second), at Groton, Mass., June 12, 1900, Gertrude 
Major, daughter of Francis Blake and Sallie Blake 
(Austin) Rice of Boston. Residences at Boston, 
Groton, and Beverly, Mass. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 209 

Amory Appleton Lawrence pursued his early 
studies at schools in Brookline and Boston, graduat- 
ing at Harvard in 1870. He decided upon a mer- 
cantile career, thus following the honorable examples 
of his grandfather and father, and in Sept., 1870, he 
entered the house of Lawrence & Co., dry goods 
commission merchants, becoming a member of the 
firm the next year. He was chosen a director of the 
Massachusetts National Bank in Jan., 1873, resign- 
ing after ten years' service. In 1887 he became a 
director of the National Union Bank. He has been 
president of the Salmon Falls Manufacturing Com- 
pany, and of the Ipswich and Gilmanton Mills, a di- 
rector of the Pacific Mills, of the Dwight and Cocheco 
manufacturing companies, and treasurer of the Groton 
Water Company. Mr. Lawrence was elected presi- 
dent of the Boston Merchants' Association in Feb., 
1 90 1, and has been for many years treasurer of the 
Boston Episcopal Charitable Society, and chairman 
of the class committee of the Harvard Class of 1870. 
In March, 1902, he was one of three Boston mer- 
chants selected as a committee to settle an impor- 
tant strike which was paralyzing the city's trade. 
Under the leadership of Governor Crane, the strike 
was settled in a night. Mr. Lawrence has made 
several trips to Europe and has twice visited Cali- 
fornia. 

April I, 1883, Messrs. Lawrence & Co. assumed 
the selling agency of the Pacific Mills. Henry Sal- 
tonstall Howe became a member of the firm in 1887, 
and Henry Coffin Everett in 1893. The latter is a 
nephew of Henry Brainard Mather, who was for 



210 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

many years a partner. Edward Sturgis Grew and 
Cyrus J. Anderson, who became partners in the firm 
in 1884 and 1887 respectively, have since retired. 

THE SILSBEE FAMILY 

The Silsbees of Salem, Mass., trace their lineage 
from Henry Sillsbey or Silsbee, who was born in 
England before 16 18, came to this country and set- 
tled first at Salem in the year 1639, afterwards re- 
moving to Ipswich, and becoming an inhabitant of 
Lynn in 1651. He was a shoemaker by trade. His 
first wife, Dorothy, d. Sept. 27, 1676, and he m. (sec- 
ond), Nov. 18, 1680, Grace, widow of Jonas Eaton of 
Reading, Mass. 

Nathaniel Silsbee, third child of Henry, the emi- 
grant, and Dorothy, was b. about the year 1651. He 
was a carpenter. He m. (first), Nov. 5, 1671, Debo- 
rah, daughter of John and Margaret Tompkins. She 
d. before 1697, and he m. (second), Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Jonathan and Jane (Cromwell) Pickering. He 
d. about 1 71 7. 

Nathaniel, third child of the preceding, was born 
at Salem, Oct. 23, 1677. He m. (first). May 27, 1703, 
Hannah Pickering, who was probably a sister of his 
father's second wife. She d. and he m. (second) 
Martha . He d. Jan. 2, 1769. 

William, baptized Aug. 14, 171 5, was the only 
child of Nathaniel by his second marriage. He m., 
Oct. 17, 1735, Joanna, daughter of Zachary and Ruth 
(Ingalles) Fowle. William Silsbee followed the trade 
of a carpenter. He d. about July, 1783. 

Captain Nathaniel Silsbee, third child of William 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 211 

and Joanna, was b. Nov. 9, 1748. He m., Nov. i, 
1770, Sarah, daughter of John and Rebecca (Beadle) 
Becket. Captain Silsbee was master-mariner and 
owner of several vessels engaged in the business of 
trading: with the West Indies. 

Zachariah Fowle Silsbee, seventh child of Captain 
Nathaniel and Sarah, was b. Aug. 9, 1783. He m., 
Nov. 27, 1 8 10, Sarah Boardman. In early life he 
" followed the sea," and was for many years engaged 
in foreign trade, as a member of the firm of Stone, 
Silsbee & Pickman of Salem. He was also president 
of the Salem Savings Bank. He d. July 3, 1873. 

John Boardman Silsbee, son of the preceding, was 
b. April 10, 1813. He graduated at Harvard in 1832 
and became a merchant. He m.. May 10, 1849, 
Martha Mansfield Shepard, seventh child of Michael 
and Harriet Fairfax (Clark) Shepard. He d. April i, 
1867. 

Emily Fairfax Silsbee (b. at Salem, June 7, 1850), 
eldest of four children of the above-named, m., at Bos- 
ton, June I, 1 87 1, Amory Appleton Lawrence. She 
d. at Boston, April 4, 1895. (Family No. 26.) 

THE RICE FAMILY, AND OTHER FAMILIES ALLIED THERETO 

Edmund Rice, the emigrant from England, settled 
in Sudbury in 1639, and soon removed to Marlbor- 
ough. His wife Tamazine d. June 13, 1654, and he d. 
May 3, 1663. They were the parents of eleven chil- 
dren, of whom Edward, the second child, m. Agnes 
Bent, and in turn they had eleven children, and the 
seventh child was Jacob, b. in 1660, who d. Oct. 30, 
1746, aged 86 years. Jacob Rice had wife Mary, 



212 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

who d. Oct. 6, 1752, aged 80 years. They resided at 
Marlborough, where their gravestones are to be seen. 
Jacob and Mary Rice had nine children, of whom 
Obadiah was the third child, b. Nov. 13, 1698. Oba- 
diah Rice m., Sept. 22, 1722, Esther Merrick. They 
settled in Brookfield and were the parents of eleven 
children. The mother d. April 10, 1761. Their sec- 
ond child was Tilly, b. Nov. 8, 1724, who m., Nov. 21, 
1748, Mary, the daughter of Thomas and Sarah (Bax- 
ter) Buckminster. She d. June 21, 1795, aged 67 
years, and he d. Nov. 6, 1803, aged 79 years. They 
had seven children, the fifth of whom was Thomas, b. 
May 30, 1767. Thomas Rice m. Sally Makepeace, 
July 12, 1792. They resided in Brookfield and War- 
ren, and had three daughters, Sally, Caroline, and 
Mary, and one son, George Tilly Rice, b. Feb. 19, 
1796. George Tilly Rice m., in 1829, Elizabeth C, 
daughter of the Hon. Francis Blake. The family re- 
sided in Worcester. There were born to them three 
sons: George Tilly, b. 1831, Francis Blake, b. April 
12, 1835, and Arthur W., who died in infancy. 

Francis Blake Rice m., Jan. 9, 1861, Georgiana 
DeV., daughter of Captain George Lincoln. She d. 
Dec. 28, 1 86 1, aged 21 years. He m. (second), June 
20, 1869, Sallie Austin. They had four children, of 
whom the second, Gertrude Major, b. Sept. 10, 187 1, 
m. Amory Appleton Lawrence. 

William Blake settled in Dorchester ; his wife 
was Agnes, who d. July 22, 1678. He d. Oct. 25, 
1663, aged 69 years. He was a member of the 
Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company. They 
had at least five children: William, b. in 1620, who 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 213 

m. Hannah ; James, b. 1623, m. Elizabeth 

Clapp ; John, b. 1626 ; Mary, who m. Jacob Leager ; 
and Edward, who m. Patience, daughter of John Pope. 
Edward and Patience Blake had nine children, the 
first five of whom were born in Boston. The son 
Solomon was the seventh child, b. about 1675, rn., 
in 1704, Abigail Arnold, and had thirteen children. 
Joseph was the fourth child, b. Aug. 10, 1709. The 
family resided in Boston. Joseph Blake m., in Bos- 
ton, May 18, 1738, Mary Welland. They had five 
children. He d. Sept. 17, 1745. Their eldest son, 
Joseph, was b. Feb. 5, 1739, and m. Deborah, daugh- 
ter of Samuel Smith of Sandwich. They resided in 
Hingham and had twelve children. He was a lieu- 
tenant in the French and Indian war. He later had 
two other wives. He d. in Billerica, July 21, 1818, 
aged 79 years. Their ninth child was the Hon. 
Francis Blake, who was b. Oct. 14, 1774. He was a 
graduate of Harvard College, 1789, and settled in 
Rutland, but in 1802 removed to Worcester. He 
was a lawyer, prominent in political circles, and an 
editor of the " National JEgis "(in support of Thomas 
Jefferson) from its establishment in 1801. He m., 
1 794, Elizabeth, daughter of Gardiner Chandler, and 
had eight children. She d. Sept. 22, 1839. He d. 
at Worcester, Feb. 23, 181 7, in the fulness and prime 
of life. Their daughter, Elizabeth C, b. Sept. 21, 
1 819 m., April 16, 1829, George Tilley Rice. 

Deborah Smith, the mother of the Hon. Francis 
Blake, was the daughter of Samuel Smith of Sand- 
wich, by his wife Bethia Chipman. She was the 
granddaughter of John Chipman, who married the 



214 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

daughter of John Howland of the Mayflower Com- 
pany. 

Thomas Buckmlnster was a descendant of John 
of Peterborough, Northamptonshire, England. He 
settled in Boston, and thence removed to Brookline. 
His wife was named Joan. Their son Joseph m. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Hugh Clarke. They had 
children: Joseph, b. July 31, 1666, and Elizabeth. 
He d. Nov. 20, 1668. Joseph setded in Framing- 
ham. He was colonel of a regiment in the expedi- 
tion against Port Royal, and prominent in all the i 
affairs of Framingham and the politics of the Pro- ! 
vince. His first wife was Martha, daughter of John 
Sharp, whom he married in 1686. They had eight 
children, of whom the second son was Thomas, b. in 
1699. Thomas Buckminster removed, when a young 
man, to Brookfield. He was a captain in the pro- 
vincial militia, and saw slight service in the French 
and Indian war. He m., in 1722, Sarah, daughter of 
the Rev. Joseph Baxter of Medfield. They had ten 
children, of whom Mary, the fourth child, b. Nov. 5, 
1728, became the wife of Tilly Rice. 

There is a full account of the Buckminster family 
in the histories of Framingham. See also the volume 
entitled " The Descendants of William Blake of Dor- 
chester," and the History of Hingham, for informa- 
tion regarding this branch of the Blake family. For 
particulars concerning the Rices, see the family 
genealogy, and the histories of Marlborough and I 
North Brookfield. 

William Chandler settled at Roxbury in 1637, with 
his wife Annis, and to them were born five children. 






MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 215 

He d. Jan. 16, 1641. Apostle John Eliot, in his 
church records, styles him a " Godly Brother." The 
widow m. (second) John Dane, and m. (third) John 
Parmenter. The fourth child was John, b. about 
1635, who m. Elizabeth, daughter of William Doug- 
las, and who died in 1705. He was among the pro- 
moters and settlers of Woodstock, Conn. The third 
of their eight children was John, b. in 1665, who con- 
tinued his residence at the homestead and became 
eminent as a judge. His wife was Mary, the daugh- 
ter of Joshua Raymond and wife Elizabeth, the 
daughter of Nehemiah Smith. They had ten chil- 
dren, of whom John, the eldest, was b. Oct. 18, 1693. 
Judge Chandler d. Aug. 10, 1743, aged 79 years. 
John, the son, m., Oct. 23, 17 16, Hannah, eldest 
daughter of John Gardiner of Gardiner's Island. She 
d. in 1739, and he m. (second) Sarah, widow of Hon. 
Nathaniel Paine and daughter of Timothy Clarke of 
Boston. He d. at Worcester, Aug. 10, 1762, aged 
69 years. He was eminent in political and military 
circles. An extended account of his useful career is 
to be found in the History of the Chandler Family, 
p. 115 and onward. There were nine children by the 
first wife ; the son John, third child, was b. Feb. 26, 
1 72 1. He m. (first) Dorothy, daughter of Colonel 
Nathaniel Paine of Bristol, R. I. (to whom were born 
four children), and d. in 1745. He m. (second), 1746, 
Mary, daughter of Colonel Charles Church and grand- 
daughter of Colonel Benjamin Church, the famous 
Indian figrhter. She was the mother of thirteen chil- 
dren. The Hon. John Chandler was a leading citi- 
zen and eminent man in Worcester before the war 



2i6 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

for independence, and during the war he went to 
England. He was one of the six men of Worcester 
included in the Act of Banishment. He died in 
London, Sept. 26, 1800. His sixth child by the 
second wife, Gardiner, was b. Jan. 27, 1749, and m., 
in 1772, Elizabeth, daughter of Brigadier-General 
Timothy Ruggles of Hardwick. He was a Loyalist 
in the war of the Revolution, and his estate was con- 
fiscated by the State. He removed from Worces- 
ter to Brattleborough, Vt, and thence to Hinsdale, 
N. H., where he died. There were three children, 
the second of whom was Elizabeth, who m., Dec. 14, 
1794, the Hon. Francis Blake. 

Romeo Austin was born in Orwell, Vt, in 1805, 
the son of Josiah and Mary B. Austin. He came to 
Boston and married Sarah C., daughter of Joshua 
Blake. Mrs. Austin died at Boston on May 20, 1864, 
aged 53 years; and Mr. Austin died March i, 1888, 
aged 83 years. The ancestors of Romeo Austin 
were from Suffield, Conn., and his father was born 
there, and removed before 1795 to Orwell, where he 
engaged in business with his brother, Apollo Austin, 
a widely known merchant and a man who often 
served his fellow-townsmen in official affairs. Josiah 
Austin died in 1824, in Orwell. To Romeo Austin 
and his wife Sarah were born two children : Ger- 
trude Blake, born about 1838, who died unmarried 
in July, 1902, and Sallie Blake, who married Francis 
Blake Rice, whose daughter, Gertrude Major Rice, 
married Amory Appleton Lawrence. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 217 

FAMILY NO. 27 

116. William, m., May 19, 1874, at Boston, Julia, 
daughter of Frederic and Sarah Maria (Parker) Cun- 
ningham. Residences at Boston, Cambridge, and 
Bar Harbor, Me. 

Their children : 

209. I. Marian, b. at Boston, May 16, 1875. 

210. II. Julia, b. at Lawrence, Mass., Feb. 4, 
1877. 

211. III. Sarah, b. at Boston, March 22, 1879. 

212. IV. Rosamond, b. at Lawrence, Dec. 2, 
1882 ; d. Feb. 18, 1883. 

213. V. Ruth, b. at Cambridge, Jan. 27, 1886. 

214. VI. William Appleton, b. at Cambridge, 
May 21, 1889. 

215. VII. Elinor, b. at Boston, Jan. 31, 1894. 

216. VIII. Frederic Cunningham, b. at Cam- 
bridge, May 22, 1899. 

William Lawrence was born at Boston, May 30, 
1850, and was baptized in St. Paul's Church, Boston. 
In 185 1 his father removed to Cottage Farm, now 
Longwood, Brookline. He first attended a small 
private school, then the Pierce Grammar School in 
Brookline, and later the private school of Epes S. 
Dixwell, Boston. He was confirmed in St. Paul's 
Church, Brookline, during the rectorship of Rev. Dr. 
Francis Wharton. In 1866-67 he had a tutor. Pro- 
fessor Flagg of Harvard College, and was for a few 
months in Europe, entering Harvard in Sept., 1867. 
He took the regular academic course, graduating in 



2i8 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

1 87 1, after which he spent a year in study at home 
and in Cambridge. During that year he decided 
to enter the ministry of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church. The years 1872-74 he passed at Andover 
Theological Seminary, and 1874-75 at the Philadel- 
phia Divinity School and the Episcopal Theological 
School at Cambridge, Mass., receiving from the lat- 
ter the degree of B. D. in 1875. He was ordained 
deacon in St. John's Memorial Chapel, Cambridge, 
by Bishop Paddock, June 20, 1875. After a se- 
vere illness from typhoid fever, he entered upon his 
duties, April i, 1876, as assistant to the Rev. Dr. 
George Packard, rector of Grace Church, Lawrence. 
In that church he was ordained priest, June 11, 1876. 
Upon the death of Dr. Packard, William Lawrence 
succeeded him as rector in March, 1877. Jan. i, 
1884, he became professor of Homiletics and Pastoral 
Care in the Episcopal Theological School, Cam- 
bridge. He was also the colleague of Dean Gray in 
charge of St. John's Memorial Chapel, and had for 
his spiritual charge the Harvard students worship- 
ping there. In 1888 he was made vice-dean, and 
upon the death of Dean Gray in 1890, succeeded him 
in of^ce. He was appointed preacher to Harvard 
University in 1888, and received the honorary de- 
grees of S. T. D. from Hobart College in 1890, of 
S. T. D. from Harvard University in 1893, and 
LL. D. from Lawrence University, Appleton, Wis., 
in 1898. He was elected Bishop of the Protest- 
ant Episcopal Church in Massachusetts, to succeed 
Bishop Phillips Brooks, May 4, 1893, and was conse- 
crated in Trinity Church, Boston, Oct. 5. In 1894 



ki 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 219 

he was elected an overseer of Harvard College, and 
was reelected in 1900. 

Bishop Lawrence was for several years a trustee of 
Smith College, and is now president of the boards 
of trustees of Wellesley College, of Groton School, 
and of St. Mark's School at Southborough, Mass. 
He is a member of the Massachusetts Historical So- 
ciety, of the American Antiquarian Society, and of 
other historical organizations. He is the author of 
the " Life of Amos A. Lawrence " (Houghton, Mif- 
flin & Co., 1888). In 1896 he published (Houghton, 
Mifflin & Co.) a volume entitled " Visions and Ser- 
vice," containing sermons preached in Cambridge. 
He is also the author of various pamphlets and ser- 
mons which have been printed at different times. 
His Memoir of Roger Wolcott appeared in the au- 
tumn of 1902. Bishop Lawrence has made several 
trips to Europe. 

FAMILY NO. 28 

118. Hetty Sullivan, m., in Brookline, Mass., 
Dec. II, 1877, Frederic Cunningham, and has these: 

217. I. Hetty Sullivan,M b. at Nahant, Mass., 

218. II. Harriet Cutler,) June 27, 1885. 

219. III. Constance, b. at Nahant, Sept. 8, 1886. 

220. IV. Frederic, b. at Cottage Farm, Brook- 
line, Dec. 28, 1888. 

221. V. Susanna, b. at Cottage Farm, March 19, 
1890. 

222. VI. Lawrence, b. at Cottage Farm, Dec. 
29, 1892. 

^ Died Aug. 29, 1903. 



220 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

THE CUNNINGHAM FAMILY 

Frederic Cunningham is of the seventh generation 
in the line of descent from Andrew Cunningham, 
who came from Scotland to these shores about the 
year 1680, and settled in Boston. He was by trade 
a glazier. At a meeting of the Scots' Charitable 
Society of Boston, Feb. 4, 1695, he was chosen 
" keeper of the money box." 

Andrew Cunningham was appointed constable at 
a Boston town meeting, May 14, 1705, but was ex- 
cused from serving on account of his having a lame 
arm. He m., probably in the latter part of 1685, 
Sarah, eldest daughter of William Gibson, a Scotch- 
man, and they had nine children. He d. after 1730. 

William Cunningham, fifth child of the preceding, 
was born at Boston, Nov. 17, 1694. In early life he 
followed his father's trade. At a town meeting held 
in Boston, May 5, 1725, he was chosen a constable, 
and took the oath of office. William Cunningham 
was one of the founders of Hollis Street Church, 
which was established in 1732. He m., Nov. 27, 
1 716, Elizabeth, daughter, of William Wheeler, and 
had ten children. He d. Nov. ii^ 1 744, at Boston. 

James Cunningham, second son of the above, was 
born at Boston, April 24, 1721. He too served as a 
constable of his native town, having been chosen to 
that office and sworn in, March 9, 1746. He was 
captain of the South Engine Company for five years 
from 1756, and served also as one of the fire wards, 
who were selected by reason of their fitness as " pru- 
dent persons of known fidelity." James Cunningham 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 221 

was commander of the Ancient and Honorable Artil- 
lery Company in 1768, major of the Boston Regiment 
of the State Militia from 1767 to 1772, and was in 
military service during the Revolutionary war. He 
m. (first), at Boston, June 4, 1742, Elizabeth (daughter 
of Peter and Ann) Boylston, whose sister Susannah 
was the wife of Deacon John Adams and mother of 
John Adams, second President of the United States. 
Mrs. Elizabeth (Boylston) Cunningham d. June 23, 
1769, and James Cunningham m. for his second wife, 
at Boston, Martha, widow of John Chaloner and 
daughter of Deacon Benjamin Church. He d. at 
Dedham, June 6, 1795. 

Andrew, eighth and youngest child of James and 
Elizabeth, was born at Boston, Feb. 16, 1760. He 
served in 1777 as a private in Colonel Brook's regi- 
ment. In 1799 he was appointed secretary of the 
Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, and 
held the office until his death. He was also secretary 
of the Board of Fire Wards of Boston, and com- 
mander of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Company in 1793, adjutant of the Boston Regiment, 
1787-89, and quartermaster of the First Division, 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 1789-93. Andrew 
Cunningham m. (first), at Dedham, Oct. 2, 1783, 
Mary, daughter of Joseph Lewis of that town. She 
d. May 9, 1809, and he m. for his second wife, at 
Raynham, Mass., July 11, 181 1, Abigail, daughter of 
Colonel Zephaniah Leonard of that town and widow 
of David West of Boston. Andrew Cunningham d. 
at Roxbury, Aug. 29, 1829. 

Charles, the fourth in age of ten children of Andrew 



222 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

and Mary, was born at Boston, April 6, 1791. He 
was a merchant and ship-owner, and engaged in busi- 
ness with his elder brother Andrew, under the firm 
name of A. & C. Cunningham. He m., at Fayal, 
Azores, Jan. 17, 1822, Roxalina, daughter of John 
Bass Dabney, who was for many years United States 
consul at Fayal. They had four children. Charles 
Cunningham d. at Boston, Dec. 7, 1871. 

Frederic, second son of the last-named, was born at 
Boston, June 11, 1826. He was a Harvard graduate 
(Class of 1845), and member of the firm of Dabney & 
Cunningham, merchants, who were engaged in trade 
with the Levant. He m., March 4, 1850, Sarah 
Maria, daughter of William and Julia Maria (Stevens) 
Parker, and granddaughter of Right Rev. Samuel 
Parker. Their second child, Julia, m., at Boston, 
May 19, 1874, William Lawrence, now seventh 
Bishop of the Episcopal Church in the Diocese of 
Massachusetts. (Family No. 27.) Frederic Cunning- 
ham, Sr., d. at Boston, March 27, 1864. 

Frederic Cunningham, third child of Frederic and 
Sarah Maria (Parker) Cunningham, was born at 
Cohasset, Mass., Aug. 23, 1854. He took the full 
course of six years at the Boston Public Latin School, 
and four years at Harvard College, graduating in 
1874. He then spent nearly a year in Europe, of 
which five months were passed in Berlin, studying 
German. Returning home in the autumn of 1875, 
he entered the Harvard Law School, where he re- 
mained two years, receiving the degree of LL. B., 
June 27, 1877. He was admitted to the Suffolk bar, 
Nov. 9, 1878, and has since been engaged in the 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 223 

practice of law, and especially of marine law, having 
offices with Lewis S. Dabney (Harvard, 1861). Mr. 
and Mrs. Cunningham went abroad in 1901, and es- 
tablished their residence in Paris, in order that their 
children might enjoy the superior educational advan- 
tages there afforded. In the fall of 1902 they returned 
to this country, and Mr. Cunningham resumed the 
practice of law. He is one of the founders, and a 
member of the Board of Directors, of the Boston 
Legal Aid Society, which was organized and incor- 
porated in the year 1900. 

FAMILY NO. 29 

119. Harriett Dexter, m., at Longwood, Dec. 28, 
1 88 1, Augustus Hemenway of Boston. Residences, 
Boston and Milton. 

Their children : 

223. I. Augustus, b. at Boston, Oct. 6, 1882. 
He attended private schools in Boston, and Groton 
School. A member of the Harvard Class of 1905. 

224. II. Hope, b. at Canton, Mass., Oct. 16, 1887. 

225. III. Charlotte, b. at Canton, Oct. 14, 1888. 

226. IV. Hetty Lawrence, b. at Boston, Dec. 3, 
1890. 

227. V. Lawrence, b. at Boston, Dec. 28, 1891. 

228. VI. Mary, b. at Boston, Oct. 3, 1S93. 

THE HEMENWAY FAMILY 

Ralph Hemenway was a resident of Roxbury in 
1633, and was devoted to all the interests of Apostle 
Eliot's church and of this historic town. He m., in 






224 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

1644, Elizabeth Hewes, who d. in 1686, aged 82 
years. 

They had, among others, Samuel, who removed to 
New Haven ; John, who m. Mary Trescott, and 
settled in Roxbury ; and Joshua, who was baptized 
April 9, 1643, and who d. at Roxbury in 17 16. 
Joshua m. (first), in 1668, Joanna Evans. He m. 
(second) Mary, who died in 1 703, and his third wife 
was Elizabeth Weeks, who survived until 1737. 
Their son Joshua was born Sept. 15, 1668. His 
first wife, Margaret, d. in 1694, and his second wife 
was Rebecca , by whom were most of his chil- 
dren. Joshua Hemenway, Jr., removed from Rox- 
bury to Framingham in 1693. ^^ was for many 
years a prominent man in the affairs of the church 
and town. His interest in religion led him to sym- 
pathize with the " Great Awakening," and he was 
one of the founders of the Second Church of Fra- 
mingham. Among his children was Phineas Hemen- 
way, who was b. April 26, 1706, and graduated at 
Harvard College in 1730. He settled in the Chris- 
tian ministry over the church in Townsend, Mass., 
where the sacred relation was maintained until his 
death. He m.. May 8, 1739, Sarah, daughter of 
Samuel Stevens of Marlborough, who, after his death, 
became, in 1 761, the wife of David Taylor of Concord. 
The following is the inscription upon the burial 
tablet in Townsend : " Erected by the Town. To 
the Memory of Rev. Mr. Phineas Hemenway, the 
First Pastor of the Church Here, Who Departed 
this Life May 20 1760, Aged 55. In the 27th Year 
of his Ministry. He was sound in the faith, zealous 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 225 

in the Cause of God, meek and patient under trials, 
Diligent in improving his talents, faithful to his 
Lord, and to the souls of his people. From Death's 
arrows, no age or station is free." Rev. Phineas 
Hemenway made his will the day before he died, in 
which he mentions his wife Sarah, and children Eben- 
ezer, Sarah, Phineas, Elizabeth, Samuel, and Joseph. 
Concerning them we can briefly say that Ebenezer 
m., in 1758, Elizabeth Moors, and settled in Ashburn- 
ham ; Sarah m. Nathaniel Sawtell of Chelmsford ; 
Phineas m. Elizabeth Taylor of Groton. He was a 
minute-man from Groton and responded to the alarm 
from Concord and Lexington, and thereafter rendered 
military service. Concerning Elizabeth we have not 
learned. Samuel m. Sally Fitch ; and Joseph settled 
in Groton, and was a soldier in the war for independ- 
ence. 

Lieutenant Samuel Hemenway, the son of Rev. 
Phineas Hemenway, m., at Groton, April 26, 1774, 
Sally, the daughter of Zachariah Fitch of Pepperell. 
She was b. Jan. 2, 1755, and d. at Groton, April 15, 
1826; and he d. March 15, 1818, aged 70 years. 
They purchased, soon after marriage, the Fitch home- 
stead, near " Fitch's Bridge " on the Nashua River, 
where they continued to reside until their decease. 
Lieutenant Samuel Hemenway made his will July 
18, 181 7, and the same was proved March 30, 18 18; 
in which document he mentions his wife, and children 
Samuel, Joseph, Jeremiah, Mary, Bela, and Artemus, 
who was executor with his mother; and daughters 
Sarah, wife of Joseph Warner, and Lucy, who m. Asa 
Lawrence, Jr. In his will he is styled " Gentleman." 



226 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

The widow of Lieutenant Hemenway survived until 
1826, and in her will, made a few weeks before her 
death, she mentions the five children of her deceased 
son Samuel. Their daughter Mary d. Oct. 9, 1863, 
aged 75 years; and their son Jeremiah d. Nov. 16, 
1834, aged 52 years. Samuel Hemenway was a 
minute-man and answered the alarm from Lexing- 
ton and Concord, afterwards serving as sergeant in a 
campaign against the British forces in the region of 
Fort Ticonderoga in the autumn of 1777, and shortly 
after was commissioned lieutenant. 

Dr. Samuel Hemenway, son of Lieutenant Samuel 
Hemenway, was b. at Groton, and while in Salem a 
medical student in the home and office of Dr. Ed- 
ward A. Holyoke, he became acquainted with and 
married, Nov. 13, 1803, Sally, daughter of Captain 
Jeduthun Upton. He continued his residence in Sa- 
lem a few years, when he removed to Boston. He d. 
Jan. 8, 1823, aged 45 years; the widow d. Nov. 16, 1865, 
aged 78 years. The burial place of the family is at 
Groton. Their children were: (i) Edward Augustus 
Holyoke, b. at Salem, April 25, 1805 (in early man- 
hood he assumed the single name Augustus) ; (2) 
George Washington, b. June 26, 1807, and d. Sept. 
5, 1830, having settled in business in Concord; (3) 
Samuel Charles, b. May 18, 1809; (4) William H., 
b. May 25, 181 1, and settled in Machias, Me.; {5) 
Charles P., b. June 14, 1818, and became a merchant 
in Boston. Dr. Samuel A. Green, in his " Groton 
Historical Series," vol. iii. p. 47, says : " Dr. Sam- 
uel Hemenway was a son of Samuel and Sarah 
(Fitch) Hemenway, and was born at Groton on Nov. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 227 

16, 1777. He attended school at Groton Academy in 
the year 1797, and afterwards studied medicine under 
the tuition of Dr. Edward Holyoke of Salem. He 
began the practice of his profession in that town, and 
was married on Nov. 13, 1803, to Sally, daughter of 
Captain Jeduthun and Mary Upton of Salem. He 
joined the Massachusetts Medical Society in 1808. 
About the year 181 7 he removed to Boston, where 
he died on Jan. 8, 1823. See 'Groton Epitaphs' 
(p. 154) for the inscription on his tombstone. He 
was the father of Augustus Hemenway of Boston." 

Augustus Hemenway, eldest son of Dr. Samuel 
Hemenway, was b. at Salem, Mass., April 25, 1805. 
His baptismal name was Edward Augustus Holyoke 
Hemenway, in honor of the eminent physician with 
whom his father studied, but in young manhood he 
assumed the single name. He entered the employ 
of Mr. Benjamin Bangs, a wealthy ship-owner and 
merchant of Boston, and for a series of years was his 
agent and partner in South American trade. He 
finally became owner of extensive silver mines in Val- 
pariso, which yielded large returns. Mr. Hemenway 
m., June 26, 1840, at New York, Mary, daughter of 
Thomas Tileston, one of the wealthiest merchant- 
mariners of New York city. Their children were 
Charlotte Augusta, who d. in 1865 ; Alice, who d. in 
infancy; Amy, the wife of Louis Cabot; Edith, the 
wife of W. E. C. Eustis ; and Augustus, who was b. 
Oct. 10, 1853. Mr. Hemenway died June 16, 1876, 
while on a trip to Cuba, and Mrs. Hemenway sur- 
vived until March 6, 1894. 

The gift of giving has ever been finely manifest in 



228 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

the Hemenway home. Mrs. Hemenway during her 
entire life enjoyed rendering favors where they not 
only would be appreciated, but where they would ac- 
crue to the benefit of the world. She fully believed 
in training and education as the great conservators 
of good living and character. Educational and phi- 
lanthropic institutions were ever cherished by her. 
The Tileston Normal School of Wilmington, N. C, 
so named in memory of her honored father, was an 
object of her care. In 1876 she liberally assisted 
the Old South Association in preserving the his- 
toric Old South Meeting-house, and this was fol- 
lowed by the establishment of a course of lectures 
upon American history, which is maintained, and 
eminent scholars are summoned to portray to the 
growing youth the heroism of former generations. 
The late Mr. John Fiske was one of the earliest lec- 
turers upon this foundation. In 1881 she instituted 
four annual prizes for pupils of the high schools of 
Boston for the best essays upon chosen subjects of 
American history. She was also interested in pro- 
moting better training among young women, and es- 
tablished cooking and sewing schools and kitchen 
gardens, and also the Normal schools of Boston and 
Framingham, where special attention was given the 
practical industries of womanhood. She was a pa- 
troness also of the American Archaeological Institute, 
the "Journal of American Ethnology and Archae- 
ology," and the Boston Teachers' Mutual Benefit 
Association. These are but a few of her helpful 
charities. On her death, tributes were paid her wher- 
ever the higher life of humanity is regarded. The 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 229 

Boston public schools cherish her memory in many 

> ways. 

Augustus Hemenway, a son of Augustus and 
Mary (Tileston) Hemenway, was b. at Boston, Oct. 

|, 10, 1853. He attended the private schools of Messrs. 

■ Fette and Dixwell in Boston, after which he took 

. the regular course at Harvard, graduating in 1875. 
He was elected an overseer of Harvard College in 
1888, and served as representative to the General 
Court from Milton and Canton in 1890 and 1891. 

11 He was appointed a member of the Metropolitan 
Park Commission by Governor Greenhalge in 1S95. 

y The Hemenway Gymnasium was presented by him 
to Harvard University in 1878, and he built an ad- 
dition thereto in 1895, He also gave to the town 
of Canton a new library building. Mr. Hemenway 
usually passes the winter in Boston, and the summer 
months at his Readville residence. He is a trustee 
of valuable estates, having an office at 10 Tremont 
Street, Boston. Mr. and Mrs. Hemenway and fam- 
ily travelled in Europe in 1884 and 1902. 



THE TILESTON FAMILY 



Thomas Tileston, the New England immigrant, 
was in Dorchester in 1634. Among his children 
was Timothy, who in turn had a son Timothy, who 
was the father of Ezekiel Tileston, born in 1731. 
He m., in 1753, Sarah, daughter of Edward Belcher. 
Ezekiel Tileston and wife Sarah were the parents 
of Lemuel, b. in 1763, who m. as his second wife, 
Mary, daughter of William Minns. She d. at Cam- 
bridge in 1826, and he d. at Haverhill in 1836. He 



230 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

was a dealer in India goods. Their son Thomas 
was b. at Boston, Aug. 13, 1793. In Haverhill, 
Mass., Thomas Tileston learned the printer's trade, 
and had editorial experience upon the " Merrimac 
Intelligencer." In 1822 he formed a partnership 
with Mr. Paul Spofford, and they became agents of a 
Boston and New York line of packets. In 1826 Mr. 
Tileston began developing the South American and 
Cuban trade, which he continued. He was also in- 
terested in a line of packets between New York and 
Liverpool. In 1840 he was elected president of the 
Phcenix Bank of New York, and chairman of the 
Clearing House Association ; and he was also a lead- 
ing spirit in the American Insurance Company. The 
" New York Tribune," on the occasion of his death, 
Feb. 29, 1864, said: "He was emphatically a thor- 
ough business man, ' born to lead and command.' 
When sloops were used, he built schooners ; when 
brigs were the fashion of the times, he launched 
ships; when ships became the chief craft at our 
ports, he ordered steamships. He was an active, 
busy, enterprising man, whose industry and energy 
have been crowned with a princely fortune, and he 
leaves it with the odor of an enviable reputation." 

Thomas Tileston m., in Haverhill, April 11, 1820, 
Mary, daughter of Dudley Porter. They had nine 
children, the eldest of whom was Mary, b. Dec. 20, 
1821, who m., June 26, 1840, Augustus Hemenway; 
and Ellen Louise, who in 1866 m. Charles Porter 
Hemenway, a brother of Augustus Hemenway. Their 
home in New York city was on the corner of Fifth 
Avenue and East Fourteenth Street. Mr. Tileston 



n 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 231 

and Mr. Spofford were partners in business for forty- 
six years. Mr. Spofford resided in the next house 
to Mr. Tileston. The Genealogy of the Spofford 
Family (p. 144) contains an account of the firm, and 
their lifelong intimacy. 

THE UPTON FAMILY 

John Upton and wife Eleanor were the progeni- 
tors, through their fourteen children, of the Upton 
family of New England. They were of that part of 
Salem which is now Peabody certainly as early as 
1658. His son John was b. in 1655, ^^^ the proba- 
bilities are that the father had been some years in 
New England. John Upton d. July 11, 1699, ^^ 
Reading, to which place he had removed. He was 
a thrifty and prosperous husbandman. Their son, 
William Upton, was b. June 10, 1663, and m., in 
1 70 1, Mary Maber, and had ten children, the young- 
est of whom was Caleb. Caleb Upton was b. Feb. 4, 
1722. The name of his wife was not known to the 
compiler of the Upton Memorial, but they had at 
least seven children. He was a settler of Amherst, 
N. H., and probably d. at Fitchburg, Mass. Jedu- 
thun was the eldest son of Caleb Upton and was b. 
in Reading in 1746, and m., 1783, Mary Brown, 

widow of Austin. He resided in Salem a large 

part of his life, but removed to Steuben, Me., where 
his wife d. in 1815, and he d. in June, 1823. He was 
a prosperous merchant, and was styled "captain." 
The wife had three children by her first husband, 
Mr. Austin, and six children by Mr. Upton. Their 
daughter Sally, b. at Salem> Feb. 19, 1787, became, 



232 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Nov. 13, 1803, the wife of Dr. Samuel Hemenway, 
then a medical student in Salem, where he resided 
for a number of years. There is an account of this 
family on pages 102 and 107 of the Upton Memo- 
rial. 

THE PORTER FAMILY 

John Porter, the immigrant, was in Roxbury, and 
became a freeman in Nov., 1633. From 1635 to 
1644 he resided in Hingham, and thence removed to 
that part of Salem which is now Danvers. His chil- 
dren were John, who died unmarried, Samuel, Joseph, 
Benjamin, Israel, Mary, Jonathan, and Sarah. The 
son Samuel m. Hannah, daughter of William and 
Elizabeth Dodge, and had a son John, b. in 1658. 
Samuel Porter made his will, Feb. 10, 1658, "being 
bound to the Barbadoes," and the same was proved 
before court, June 28, 1660. The widow m., in 1661, 
Thomas Woodbury, and became the mother of nine 
children. John Porter inherited his father's home- 
stead in the present town of Wenham. He m. Lydia, 
daughter of Henry and Lydia Herrick. She d. in 
'^yZl^ aged "jj years, and John Porter d. in 1753, 
aged 95 years. They had eleven children, whose 
united ages at the time of their deaths was 955 years, 
an average of 87 years. 

Samuel Porter, the eldest, b. in 1681, resided at 
the homestead and m., in 1707, Sarah, daughter of 
John and Sarah (Perkins) Bradstreet, who was the 
mother of his children. The Wenham town records 
say : " September 1 3, 1 770, died Sergeant Samuel Por- 
ter, who was born Feb. 17, 1681 ; cetatis 89 years and 
seven months lacking four days. What man is he yt 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 233 

liveth, and shall not see death." Their eldest son, Sam- 
uel Porter, b. 171 1, settled in Wenham, where he d. 
in 1786. His wife Anna d. in 1805, ^g^d 90 years. 
They had twelve children, the fifth of whom was 
Dudley, b. in 1744, who d. in Andover in 1816. His 
wife Sally d. in 1792, aged 43 years. He was a mer- 
chant in Haverhill for a number of years. They had 
seven children, the first of whom was Dudley, b. in 
1770, who m., in 1793, Polly Austin, and had Dudley, 
who d. in young manhood ; Eleazer A., a merchant 
in New York city, and from 1837 in Haverhill; and 
the daughter Mary, who m. Thomas Tileston of New 
York city. Most of these items concerning the Por- 
ter family are from the Genealogy by Hon. Joseph 
W. Porter, Bangor, edition of 1878, where the fami- 
lies are treated at length. 

• 

THE BRADSTREET FAMILY 

Governor Simon Bradstreet was b. at Hobling, 
England, in 1603. He came to New England with 
Winthrop in 1630, together with wife Ann, daughter 
of Governor Thomas Dudley. Governor Bradstreet 
was for many years an assistant to the governor, 
deputy governor five years, and governor from 1679 
to 1686 and from 1689 to 1692. He resided for the 
greater part of his life at Andover. His wife Ann, 
who d. in 1672, was an early writer of poetry in New 
England. She was a woman of superior worth and 
ability, and a fit companion of Simon Bradstreet, who 
was a tower of strength among the people of Massa- 
chusetts Bay Colony. He d. in Salem, 1697, aged 94* 
years. Their son, John Bradstreet, m., in 1679, Sarah, 



I 



234 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

daughter of Rev. William Perkins of Topsfield, and 
had sons and daughters, among whom was Sarah who 
in 1707 became the wife of Samuel Porter of Wenham. 
There is much literature upon Governor Thomas Dud- 
ley and Simon Bradstreet in various histories and his- 
torical studies of the founding of New England. 

THE FITCH FAMILY 

Deacon Zachary Fitch was at Lynn in 1633, and 
about 1640 settled in that part of Reading which is 
now Wakefield. He was a deacon of the First Church 
from 1645 ui^til his death, June 9, 1662. His wife was 
Mary . They had eight children : Thomas, Jere- 
miah, Benjamin, Sarah, Joseph, John, Samuel, and 
Zachariah. The son Samuel was b. in 1645, and m., 
in 1673, Sarah, daughter of Job Lane, and their son 
Samuel, b. March 4, 1674, m., in 1695, Elizabeth, ^ 
daughter of Joseph and Sarah (Wyman) Walker of 
Billerica. She was b. in 1678 and d. in 1716, and was 
the mother of eight children, the last of whom, Zach- 
ariah, was b. Feb. 13, 171 3. Zachariah Fitch m., Oct. 
I, 1733, Elizabeth, daughter of William Grimes of 
Lexington. Mr. Fitch resided in Bedford. He d. 
Dec. 8, 1800, and the wife d. March 12, 1790. They 
had fourteen children, the ninth of whom was Sarah, 
or Sally, as she was styled. She was b. Jan. 2, 1755, 
and on April 26, 1774, m. Lieutenant Samuel Hemen- 
way of Groton. There is a history of the Fitch fam- 
ily in the " New England Historical and Genealogi- 
cal Register," volumes Iv. and Ivi., by the Hon. Ezra 
S. Stevens, and also in the History of Bedford, p. 10, 
genealogical section, by Mr. Abram English Brown. 



1 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 235 

FAMILY NO. 30 

160. James, m., at Boston, Jan. 16, 1875, Caroline 
Estelle, daughter of Enoch Redington and Caroline 
Augusta (Patten) Mudge of Boston. Residence at 
the Lawrence homestead in Groton, Mass. 

Their children : 

229. I. Elizabeth Prescott, b. at Swampscott, 
Mass., July 29, 1876. 

230. II. James, b. at Boston, Feb. 7, 1878. 
James Lawrence, Jr., attended Groton School, and 

was admitted to Harvard in Sept., 1897, graduating 
in June, 1901. He was president of his class, and 
prominent in college athletics, being a member of 
the University Crew and of the football eleven. 
Upon leaving college he entered the ofHce of George 
Mixter, banker and note broker, at 28 State Street, 
Boston. 

231. in. Richard, b. at Groton, Sept. 19, 1879. 

Richard Lawrence received his preparatory train- 
ing at Groton School, and took the regular collegiate 
course at Harvard, graduating in 1902. His present 
residence is at the homestead in Groton. 

James Lawrence spent his boyhood in Boston, and 
received instruction at the schools of W. Eliot Fette 
and Epes S. Dixwell. After graduation at Harvard 
in 1874, he devoted several months to European 
travel, and on his return entered the Harvard Law 
School, where he attended lectures during two ternris 
in 1875-76. He then took up his residence in 
Groton, where he has since been engaged in farming 



a 



ii 



236 THE DESCENDANTS OF J 

and stock-raising on an extensive scale. Mr. Law- i\i 
rence has been vice-president of the American Shrop- ii'^ 
shire Sheep Association, a trustee of the Middlesex \¥ 
Agricultural Society, of Lawrence Academy since 
1876, and of Groton School since its foundation. 
He is also a life member of the Massachusetts Hor- 
ticultural Society, of the Guernsey and Ayrshire 
societies, and of the English Shropshire Association, 
besides which he has served as a director of several 
manufacturing companies, of the Bowker Fertilizer 1 1 
Company, and of the Worcester and Nashua Railroad. ■ U 
He has been a member of the committees appointed ■ r:( 
to visit the Lawrence Scientific School and Bussey 
Institution, and is a life member of the Harvard Law 
School Association. Mr. Lawrence is also a member 
of the Republican Club of Massachusetts, and has 
several times been a delegate to the Republican State 
Convention. He was a member of the Massachusetts j 
House of Representatives in 1897, from the twenty- 
fourth Middlesex district, and served on the Commit- 
tee of Ways and Means. Mr. Lawrence has been in 
every State and Territory, and in every capital city 
of the Union, and has travelled throughout Mexico, 
and in British Columbia, to the northernmost point 
accessible by railroad. 

THE MUDGE FAMILY 

The family of Mudge is of considerable antiquity 
in England, as the name, which was originally writ- 
ten Mugge, may be found on record as early as the 
beginning of the fifteenth century. Thomas Mudge, 
born in England about 1624, is believed to have been 



lie 



il( 



|2: 



[■ 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 237 

a native of Devonshire. Embarking from Plymouth, 
he crossed the seas, and became a resident of Maiden, 
Mass., in 1654, or earlier. His wife's name was Mary, 
and they had a family of eight children. 

John Mudge, fourth child of Thomas and Mary, was 
b. at Maiden in 1654. He was a farmer and tanner, 
and a soldier in King Philip's war. He m., in 1684, 
Ruth, daughter of Robert and Hannah Burditt of 
Maiden, and d. Oct. 29, 1733. 

Deacon John Mudge, second son of the above, was 
b. at Maiden, Nov. 21, 1686. He was a farmer. His 
wife's name was Lydia. He d. Nov. 26, 1762. 

John, third of the name, eldest child of Deacon John 
and Lydia Mudge, was b. at Maiden, Dec. 30, 171 3. 
He also was engaged in farming, at first in Maiden, 
afterwards in Lynnfield. He m., May 4, 1738, Mary, 
daughter of Samuel and Anna Waite of Maiden. He 
d. at Lynnfield, Nov. 26, 1762. 

Enoch, seventh child of John and Mary (Waite) 
Mudge, was b. at Lynnfield, Aug. i, 1754. He m., 
Jan. 6, 1773, Lydia, daughter of John and Abigail In- 
galls. He was a soldier of the Revolution, by trade a 
shoe manufacturer, and a highly respected citizen of 
Lynn. He d. there Jan. 30, 1832. 

Rev. Enoch Mudge, second son of Enoch and Lydia, 
was b. at Lynn, June 28, 1776. He m., Nov. 29, 1797, 
the widow Jerusha Hinckley of Orrington, Me., who 
was a daughter of John and Ruth Holbrook of Well- 
fleet, Mass. Mr. Mudge was the first native Metho- 
dist preacher of New England. He d. at Lynn, 
April 2, 1850. A biographical account of this ex- 
cellent man may be found in the Appendix to the 



238 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

•' Memorials of the Mudge Family in America," by 
Alfred Mudge, Boston, 1868. 

Enoch Redington, son of Rev. Enoch and Jerusha 
Holbrook (Hinckley) Mudge, was b. at Orrington, 
Me., March 22, 181 2. He was for a time a merchant 
at Portland, and lived in New York from 1836 to 1840. 
In the latter year he went to New Orleans, where he 
opened the St. Charles Hotel, of which he was the 
manager for five years. Then he returned to New 
York, and devoted himself to mercantile pursuits. 
About the year 1850 he came to Boston, where he 
was in business for many years, at first as a partner in 
the firm of Fay, Mudge & Atwood, and later as senior 
member of the firm of E. R. Mudge, Sawyer & Co., 
dry goods commission merchants. Mr. Mudge was 
a very prominent layman of the Episcopal Church. 
He m.. May 9, 1832, Caroline Augusta, daughter of 
John and Olive Patten of Portland, Me. Their sixth 
child, Caroline Estelle, b. at Lynn, Mass., July 9, 1850, 
m., at Boston, Jan. 16, 1875, James Lawrence of Bos- 
ton, ai^d resides at Groton. (Family No. 30.) Enoch 
Redington Mudge d. at Swampscott, Mass., Oct. i, 
i88k 

.1 

FAMILY NO. 31 

161. Gertrude, m. at Boston, June 15, 1878,, . 
John Endicott Peabody. 
Their children : 

232. L Marion Lee, b. at London, England, 
July 6, 1879. 

233. II. Harold, b. at Boston, Dec. 7, 1880. j 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 239 

Mrs. Gertrude (Lawrence) Peabody d. May 2, 
1883. 

Mr. Peabody m. (second), at Beverly, Mass., Aug. 
25, 18S7, Martha Prince Whitney, daughter of Wil- 
liam Michael and Anne Augusta (Nourse) Whitney. 
They have : 

233a. III. Samuel Endicott, b. at Lausanne, 
Switzerland, Aug. 27, 1895. 

THE PEABODY FAMILY 

John Endicott Peabody, Francis Peabody, Jr. 
(Family No. 33), and Mrs. Martha Endicott (Pea- 
body) Lawrence (Family No. 34) are descendants in 
the eighth generation from Lieutenant Francis Pea- 
body of St. Albans, Hertfordshire (b. in 16 14), who 
came to New England in the ship Planter m 1635, 
lived for a time at Ipswich, Mass., and was one of 
the first settlers, in 1639, of Hampton, N. H., where 
he remained for about eighteen years. He was made 
a freeman in 1642, and served several terms as one 
of the "selected men" of Hampton. In 1657 he re- 
moved to Tops field, Mass., where he had previously 
bought a farm. According to the town records, 
" Ffrances Pabodye " was first chosen a selectman of 
Topsfield in 1659, and was often reelected. He also 
served as town clerk many years, and was appointed 
lieutenant of the local military company. May 27, 
1668. In 1664 the town gave him permission to 
set up a grist-mill, and eight years later he built a 
saw-mill. The old Peabody house, " by the mill, 
where Lieutenant Peabody lived in 1660," was torn 
down in 1846. His wife was Mary, daughter of Regi- 



T' 



240 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

nald Foster of Boxford, and their children numbered 
fourteen. Lieutenant Francis Peabody d. at Tops- 
field, Feb. 23, 1697-8, and his wife's death occurred 
there, April 9, 1705. 

Isaac Peabody (i 648-1 726), fourth child of the 
preceding, was a resident of Topsfield, and his name 
appears frequently in the early town records. It is 
also found in a list of residents who took the oath of 
allegiance and fidelity to their sovereign, Charles II., 
in 1677. At a " LawfuU Towne meeting ye 3 March, 
1684, Isacke pebody and Isacke Estey were chosen 
fence Veveeres," and he was a selectman in 1693. 
His wife's Christian name was Sarah. 

Cornet Francis Peabody, eldest of twelve children 
of Isaac, was b. Dec. i, 1694, and became a wealthy 
resident of Middleton, Mass. Although having the 
title of cornet, he ranked as " Captain of the troop 
of Horse of the County." On Jan. 27, 1 715, he m. 
Dorothy Perkins. He d. April 23, 1769. 

Deacon Francis Peabody, eldest of eleven children 
of Cornet Francis Peabody, was b. at Middleton, 
Sept. 21, 1 7 15, and became a prominent citizen of 
the town. He m. Margaret Knight, March 26, 1739; 
d. Dec. 7, 1797. They had twelve children, of whom 
the ninth was 

Joseph Peabody, b. at Middleton, Dec. 9, 1757. 
In his youth he found occupation in farming in his 
native town and at Boxford. His name appears on a 
muster-roll of Captain William Perley's company in 
Colonel James Faye's regiment of minute-men, and 
he marched with his company to Lexington, April 
i9> 1 775* H^ ^Iso enlisted for eight months in the 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 241 

following year, and again in 1777. After this he 
entered the service of the American " private armed 
marine," and made several cruises. In 1782, when 
he was second officer of the Ranger^ Mr. Peabody 
was severely wounded during an engagement wdth 

1 1 the enemy. After the war he made many business 
trips to different parts of the world, and in the early 
part of the nineteenth century he became a large 
ship-owner, having at one time no less than eighty- 
three vessels. Mr. Peabody m. (first), Aug. 28, 1791, 

y Catherine, daughter of Rev. Elias Smith of Middle- 
ton. She d. after about two years, and he m. (sec- 
ond), Oct. 24, 1795, Elizabeth Smith, sister of his 
first wife. He d. Jan. 5, 1844. 

Colonel Francis Peabody, fourth child of Joseph, 
was b. at Salem, Dec. 7, 1801. His early education 
was obtained at Dummer Academy, Byfield, and at 
the private school of Jacob Newman Knapp in 
Brighton. When eighteen years of age he made a 
voyage to Russia for his health. In 1825 he received 
a commission as colonel of the First Regiment, 
Massachusetts militia, and later was engaged for 
some years in the business of refining sperm oil on 
an extensive scale. He was elected president of the 
Essex Institute in 1865. Colonel Peabody m., July 
7, 1823, Martha, daughter of Samuel Endicott, and 
a lineal descendant of Governor John Endicott. 
Colonel Peabody d. Oct. 31, 1867. 

Samuel Endicott Peabody, second child of the 
above-mentioned, was b. at Salem, April 19, 1825. 
He attended the private schools of Messrs. Henry K. 
Oliver and Samuel Carlton in Salem, and entered 



242 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

Harvard with the Class of 1846, but left college at 
the close of the Sophomore year and made an exten- 
sive tour in Europe and the East. He has been a 
partner in the business firms of Curtis & Peabody, 
Boston, and J. S. Morgan & Co., London, and has 
also been president and chairman of the Board of 
Directors of the American Loan and Trust Co., Bos- 
ton. Mr. Peabody at one time held the rank of cap- 
tain, afterwards of major, in the Salem Light Infantry. 
He m., Nov. 23, 1848, at Salem, Marianne Cabot 
Lee, daughter of John Clarke Lee and Harriet Paine 
(Rose) Lee, and has a fine residence, " Kernwood," 
in Salem, near the Peabody line. Their eldest son, 
John Endicott Peabody, was b. at Salem, Jan. 6, 
1853. He received instructions at Mr. William W. 
Richards' private school in that town, and entered 
Trinity College, Cambridge, England, in Oct., 187 1, 
taking the degree of B. A. after a three years' course. 
He was then for sixteen months in a commission 
house at Antwerp, Belgium, and for two years with 
Messrs. Drexel, Morgan & Co., bankers, in New York. 
Mr. Peabody is an artist by profession, and has trav- 
elled extensively in Europe. He has been twice 
married. (See Family No. 31.) 

FAMILY NO. 32 

162. Prescott, m., at New York, June 23, 1886, 
Katharine Bulkley, daughter of Edward Henry and 
Katharine Bulkley. 

They have a daughter : 

234. Katharine, born at Paris, France, April 12, 
1887. 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 243 

Prescott Lawrence was born at Boston, Jan. 17, 
1 86 1. He was for a time a member of the Harvard 
Class of 1882. After leaving college he travelled 
in Europe, chiefly in England, returning to Boston 
in the fall of 1881. He made another trip abroad in 
the following spring. For some years he had a farm 
in Groton, Mass., which was also his residence. In 
1890 he sold this farm to Amory Appleton Lawrence, 
and removed to New York city and later to Newport, 
R. L, where he has since lived. Mr. Lawrence has 
been for many years prominent at the New York and 
Boston Horse Shows, as one of the judges of various 
classes of horses, carriages, and appointments, and 
driving competition. He is a member of several of 
the principal clubs in the metropolis. 

FAMILY NO. 33 

164. Rosamond, m., at Boston, Jan. 13, 1881, 
Francis Peabody, Jr. Residence in Milton. 
They have these children : 

235. I. Rosamond, b. at Boston, Oct. 7, 1881. 

236. II. Martha, b. at Boston, Jan. 14, 1886. 

237. III. Sylvia, b. at Boston, April i, 1893. 

Francis Peabody, Jr., son of Samuel Endicott and 
Marianne Cabot (Lee) Peabody, was born at Salem, 
Mass., Sept. i, 1854. He accompanied his father to 
England in 187 1, and was for two years a student 
at Cheltenham College, Gloucestershire. He then 
spent two years at Trinity College, Cambridge, re- 
ceiving the degree of B. L. in 1876. After a year 



244 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

in the office of a prominent barrister of Lincoln's Inn I 
and the Middle Temple, he returned to this country 
and entered the law office of Morse, Stone & Green- 
ough in Boston. In Nov., 1879, he was admitted to 
the Suffolk bar, after a year's attendance at the Har- 
vard Law School, and has since been engaged in the 
practice of law. Mr. Peabody held the office of judge ji 
advocate sreneral on the staff of Governor William E. 
Russell, and was at one time the Democratic candi- 
date for mayor of Boston. He is trustee of several 
estates. 

FAMILY NO. 34 

166. John, m., at Salem, Mass., June 16, 1887, 
Martha Endicott Peabody, daughter of Samuel En- 
dicott and Marianne Cabot (Lee) Peabody. Resi- 
dence at Groton. 

They have these : 

238. I. Hester, b. at Cambridge, April 4, 1888. 

239. II. Mary, b. at Boston, Oct. 7, 1890. 

240. III. Geraldine, b. at Groton, June i, 1893. 

241. IV. Harriette Paige, b. at Groton, Dec. 24, 
1898. 

John Lawrence attended school in his native city, 
and graduated at Harvard College in 1885. Early 
in July of that year he left Boston on a trip around 
the world. Journeying westward, he visited the Yel- 
lowstone Park and Yosemite Valley, and then sailed 
from San Francisco for Yokohama. The following 
account of his travels is given in his own words : 

" I spent six weeks in Japan, a good deal of the 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 245 

time up country, making the ascent of Fujiyama. 
Then I went to Shanghai, and from there sailed to 
Tientsin. At the latter place I hired two ponies and 
a Chinese boy, who spoke a little pigeon-English, and 
with these rode to Pekin, making the journey of 
eighty-five miles in twenty-nine hours. At Pekin I 
stayed with Sir Robert Hart, and so had an opportu- 
nity of meeting many of the foreign residents there. 
After a few days at the capital I started north for 
Kalgan, about one hundred and forty miles distant, 
passing through the Great Wall on my way. Kal- 
gan, as you may remember, is the most northern city 
of China before you get to the great plain of Mon- 
golia, over which the tea-carriers pass to Kiachta. I 
made a day's journey into the plain, spending the 
night with some wandering Mongols in their felt 
huts ; then I returned to Pekin by a road more to 
the eastward, passing through many large walled 
towns whose names I have forgotten. The country 
all through this region is very hilly, and the road 
terrible, frequently nothing better than an old dried 
watercourse. From Pekin I went back to Tientsin, 
thence to Shanghai and Hong Kong, spending a 
few days at Canton. From Hong Kong I went to 
Singapore, then to Batavia. In Java I stayed a fort- 
night, a good deal of the time in the centre of the 
island among the coffee plantations, and then back 
to Singapore and on to Colombo. After a few days 
at Ceylon, I sailed to Madras and from there went to 
the hill towns in the Neelgherry Mountains; then 
back again to Madras and on to Calcutta, thence to 
Darjeeling. From Darjeeling I made an expedition 



246 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

to the Nepaul frontier in order to get a better view 
of Mount Everest. Afterwards I went to Agra and 
Delhi and as far north as Peshawur, where I had an 
opportunity to ride up the Khyber Pass. 

" I then went to Bombay, saihng from thence to 
Bassorah, and stopping on the way at Muscat and 
other ports in the Persian Gulf. After a week in a 
river steamer I arrived at Bagdad. From there I 
visited the ruins of Babylon ; then hiring a Bedouin 
and two camels I started across the desert for Da- 
mascus. This was a long and tiresome journey, 
occupying twelve days. We travelled all day and 
part of each night, as the watering places were few, 
and the distance had to be covered between them." 
We carried our drinking water in pig-skins, which 
were infested with every kind of insect, and the water 
was not improved by the burning sun and the jog- 
gling alongside the camel. 

" I was told before leaving Bagdad that I should 
certainly be robbed on the way, so I was prepared by 
having practically nothing with me, except a new 
pair of boots, which the Bedouins promptly seized. 

" I spent about ten days in Damascus, and then 
hiring a dragoman, a muleteer, and three horses I 
went north through Baalbec, Aleppo, Marash, Caesa- 
rea, Zeitoun, and Angora. This journey occupied 
from the loth of May until the i8th of June, when I 
arrived at Constantinople. Asia Minor at that time 
seemed to be comparatively safe, if you were only 
well armed, as we were. From Constantinople I 
went to Greece, spending a fortnight at Athens, then 
sailing to Trieste via Corfu. From there I went 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 247 

straight to London and home, where I arrived about 
the middle of August, 1886, having been nearly four- 
teen months on the trip." 

In the autumn following his return, Mr. Lawrence 
entered the ofifice of Francis Peabody, Jr., as a stu- 
dent of law, and in Oct., 1887, he began attending 
lectures at the Harvard Law School, but on account 
of his health did not finish the course. In 1890 he 
became a resident of Groton, where he has been pro- 
minent in town affairs, holding the office of chairman 
of the Board of Selectmen. He was commissioned 
lieutenant in the Naval Brigade, M. V. M., in Sept., 

1892, resigning in July, 1894. During the war with 
Spain Mr. Lawrence held a commission as ensign 
in the United States Navy, serving also as executive 
officer of the Inca. 

FAMILY NO. 35 

168. Harriette Story, m., at Boston, March 8, 

1893, Reginald Foster of Boston. 
Their children : 

242. I. Ruth, b. Jan. 3, 1894. 

243. II. Dorothy Dwight, b. Sept. 30, 1895; d. 
March 23, 1898. 

244. III. Lawrence, b. Aug. 9, 1898. 

245. IV. Reginald, b. Nov. 10, 1899. 

246. V. Maxwell Evarts, b. Aug. 27, 1901. 

THE FOSTER FAMILY 

Reginald Foster is of the ninth generation from 
his emigrant ancestor of the same name, who came 



248 THE DESCENDANTS OF 

from Little Badow, Essex, England. He was a 
member of the Foster family of Bamborough and 
Etherstone Castle, Northumberland, and came to 
America in 1638, settling at Ipswich, Mass. 

Abraham Foster, third child of Reginald " the \ 
first," was born at Exeter, Devonshire, England, in 
1622. He accompanied his father to the new world 
and became a yeoman of Ipswich. 

Ephraim Foster, son of the last named, was born 
at Ipswich, Oct. 9, 1657. He m., in 1677, Hannah, 
daughter of Robert Fames, and settled in that part 
of Andover which is now North Andover, where he 
became a prominent citizen. He d. Sept. 21, 1746. 

Ephraim Foster, son of Ephraim and Hannah 
(Fames) Foster, was b. at Andover, March 12, 1688. 
He m., Jan. 17, 1716, Abigail, daughter of Joseph 
Poor of Newbury, Mass. He d. April 8, 1738. 

Hon. Jedediah Foster, son of the preceding, was 
b. at Andover, Oct. 10, 1726. He m.. May 18, 
1749, Dorothy, daughter of Brigadier General Joseph 
Dwight. Grad. Harvard College, 1744. He was a 
justice of the Superior Court of Judicature of Massa- 
chusetts, and during the Revolution held the rank of 
colonel. He also served sixteen years in the state 
legislature. He d. Oct. 17, 1779. 

Hon. Dwight Foster, son of Jedediah and Dorothy 
(Dwight) Foster, was b. at Brookfield, Mass., Dec. 7, 
1757. He m.. May 7, 1783, Rebecca, eldest daughter 
of Colonel Francis Faulkner of Acton. Mr. Foster 
graduated at Brown University, Providence, R. I., in 
1774, and practised law, first at Providence, after- 
wards at Brookfield. He served as a representative 



MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 249 

and senator from Massachusetts in Congress, and 
was chief justice of the Court of Common Pleas for 
the County of Worcester. In June, 1792, he was 
appointed sheriff of the county. He d. April 23, 
1823. 

Hon. Alfred Dwight Foster, fourth child of Hon. 
Dwight and Rebecca (Faulkner) Foster, was b. at 
Brookfield, July 26, 1800. He attended Leicester 
Academy, graduated at Harvard in 1819, and was 
admitted to the bar in 1822. Two years later he 
removed from Brookfield to Worcester, and retired 
from practice in 1827. Mr. Foster was judge of 
probate, a representative to the General Court of 
Massachusetts from 1831 to 1833, and was for many 
years treasurer of the State Lunatic Asylum. He 
m., Feb. 14, 1828, Lydia Stiles. He d. Aug. 3, 
1852. 

Hon. Dwight Foster, eldest child of the above, 
was b. Dec. 13, 1828. He fitted for college at the 
public schools of Worcester, and graduated at Yale 
in 1848. He then studied law, was admitted to the 
bar in 1849, and practised his profession in Worces- 
ter. During the civil war, he was attorney-general 
of Massachusetts, and from Aug. 31, 1866, to Jan. 
12, 1869, he was an associate justice of the Supreme 
Court, and thereafter practised law until his death. 
He m., Aug. 20, 1850, Henrietta Perkins Baldwin, 
daughter of Governor Roger Sherman Baldwin. He 
d. April 18, 1884. 

Reginald Foster of Boston, sixth child of the pre- 
ceding, was b. at Worcester, Mass., Jan. 2, 1863, and 
received his early training at the Boston Latin School 



250 DESCENDANTS OF MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE 

and Mr. Noble's private school, after which he took 
the regular collegiate course at Yale, graduating in 
1884. He received the degree of LL. B. from Boston 
University in 1886, was admitted to the Suffolk bar 
in the following year, and has since been engaged 
in the practice of law at d>y Milk Street, Boston. 
Mr. Foster m., in Boston, March 8, 1893, Harriette 
Story, youngest child of Abbott and Harriette White 
(Paige) Lawrence. 



APPENDIX 



APPENDIX 

GRANT OF CREST TO THE ANCIENT ARMS 
OF LAWRENCE 

From the Herald's Visitation of Huntingdonshire in the year 

1562 

To ALL and Singular as well Kinges, Hcrauldes 
and officers of Armes, as Nobles, Gentilmen and 
others which these presents shall see or here. Wil- 
liam Hervye Esquire, otherwise called Clarcncieulx, 
principall Heraulde, and kinge of Armes of the Southe 
East and West parties of England from the Ryver 
of Trent Southward : Sendeth due commendacons 
and greating. Forasmoche, as auncientlie from the 
begynnyng the valyaunte and vertuous actes excel- 
lent parsons have been commended to the worlde with 
sondry monuments and remembrances of their good 
desertts, Emonges the which of the chefist and moste 
usuall hath ben the bearinge of signes and tokens yn 
Shilds called Armes, the which ar none other thinges 
than evydences and demonstraCons of prowes and 
valoure dyverslie distributed according to the qualli- 
ties and deserttes of the parsons, that suchc signes 
and tokens of the diligent, faythfull and couragious, 
myght apere before the negligent cowarde and igno- 
rante, and be an efficient cawse to move, styre and 
kyndle the hartes off men to the ymytaCon of vertue 



254 APPENDIX 

and noblenes, even so hath the same ben and yett ys 
continuallye observed to thintent that such as have 
don comendable servyce to their Prince or Contrey i 
eyther yn warr or peace, may both receyve due honor 
yn their lyves, and also deryve the same succesyvelie ! 
to their postertie after them And beinge required 
of William Lawrence of Seint Ives yn the Countie 
of Huntington Esqyre to make searche in the Reg- 
ister, and Records of myne office for the Armes to'i 
him belonginge, and I found the same. And so con- 
sideringe the antiquytie thereof, coulde not without i 
his great Injurye assigne unto hym any other Armes, 
then those which belonged to the howse and famelie 
whereof he is descended. And in perpetuall memo- 
rye off the same, I have confirmed, assigned, geven 
and graunted unto hym the saide armes with the ap- 
purtenannces hereafter followinge. That is to saye 
Argent, a crosse ragge gulz, on a cheife azure a lyon 
passant regardant golde. And for as moche as I 
found no Creast unto the same as comonlie to all 
auncient armes their belonged none, I have geven 
unto hym by way of encrease for his Creaste and 
Cognyssaunce on a wreathe, gold and azure, a Rowe- 
buckes head, raised sables bezante horned gold a 
Crowne abowte the neck argent, mantellid gules 
dubled argent, as more playnlie apeareth depicted yn 
this margent. Which armes and creaste I the saide 
Clarencieulx king of Armes yn manner and forme 
above saide, by power and auctoritie to myne ofiice 
annexed and granted by Letters pattents under the 
greate Scale of England, have ratifyed, confirmed, 
geven and graunted, and by theise presents doe rati- 



APPENDIX 255 

fie, confirme, gyve and graunte unto the saide Wil- 
liam Lawrence of Seint Ives yn the Countie of 
Huntington, Esquyre, and to his posteritie with their 
due difference to use, beare and shewe forevermore 
hereafter the saide armes and Creaste yn Shilde Cote 
Armoure or otherwise, and therein to be revested at 
his and their libertie and pleasure, without ympedi- 
ment or ynterruption of any person or persons. In 
witness whereof I the saide Clarencieulx kinor of 
Armes have signed theise presents with my hande and 
putt therunto the seal of myne office and the seal of 
myne Armes yeven at London the XXX'*" daye of 
October In the Yeare of oure Lorde God a thousand 
fyve hondred sixtie and two and in the fourth yeare 
of the reigne of oure most dread Sovereigne Ladye 
Elizabeth, by the grace of God Queue of England, 
France and Ireland, deffender of the faithe. 

W. Hervy als Clarencieuls 

King of Armes. 
Transcribed from and compared 
with the original. i8th Aug. 1688. 
Hen : St. George Clarenceuls. 

William Lawrence of St. Ives, in Huntingdon- 
shire, was a descendant of Richard Lawrence, who 
was the younger son of Thomas of Rumburgh, Suf- 
folk (d. 1 471). The latter's elder son, John (of the 
eleventh generation from the first Sir Robert Law- 
rence of Ashton Hall, Lancashire), was the progenitor 
of Major Samuel Lawrence of Groton, Mass. 



2s6 APPENDIX |; 

EXTRACTS FROM THE WILL OF THOMAS LAWRENCE 

•OF RUMBURGH 

Of the tenth generation from the first Sir Robert of Ashton 
Hall. The original is in Latin 

In the name of God Amen, I Thomas Lawrence, 
of Rumburgh, of sound mind, this seventh day of 
July, in the year of our Lord 147 1 make my testament 
and last will. 

I give to the order of Friars Preachers of Dun- 
wich, thirteen shillings and four pence. 

Also I give to the high altar of the Church of All 
Saints of South Elmham twenty shillings. 

Also to the reparation of the same church twenty 
shillings. 

Also I give to my servant, Agnes Elye, thirteen 
shillings and four pence. 

Also I give to every grandchild, the children of 
my son John Lawrence, six shillings and eight pence. 

Also I give to John Wolett, my servant forty 
pence. 

Also to the repair of the Bachelor's Light Rum- 
burgh Street, six shillings and eight pence. 

Also I give and devise all my lands and tenements, 
arable, meadow and pasture, lying in the towns and 
fields of Rumburgh, Spexhall, and parish of St. 
Michael in South Elmham, after my decease, to John 
my son, his heirs and assigns for ever. Also to the 
same John, all my lands and tenements in the parish 
of All Saints in South Elmham. Also I will and 
require my feoffees to enfeoff John, my son, after my 
decease in all my lands and tenements, on the re- 
quest of the said John. 



APPENDIX 257 

|l The residue of my estate I give to John Lawrence, 
' and Richard Lawrence, my sons. 

Proved at Cratfield, in Suffolk. 

Nov. 6, 1 46 1 (1471) Deposited at Ipswich. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE WILL OF JOHN LAWRENCE 

OF RUMBURGH 

Of the eleventh generation from the first Sir Robert 
of Ashton Hall 

In dei noTe amen, the x day of July the Yer of our 
Lord Mccccciiij. I John Lawrens of Rumburgh, w? 
an hooll mend make my will in this manner. 

First I commend my soule to Allmyghty god, to 
our lady seynt Mary and to all the saints in heaven, 
my body to be buryed in the parishe churche of Seynt 
Mihill tharchanngell of Rumburgh forsaid. 

Itm of my goods I geff to the high auter for tithes 
forgotyn iij^ iiij'^. 

Itm I bq'*" to the Repacon of the saide Churche 
where most nede ys XXf 

Itm I bequeth to the grey Frers in Dunwiche iij? 

** * * J 

mf. 

Itm to the black frers of the same towne iij' iiij"! 
Itm I bequeth to the white Freres in Norwich iij' 

• • • ■ J 

lUj'^ 

Itm I bequeth to the Frers in Orford, iij' iiij^ 
Itm I bequeth to the Repacon of the Causey in 

Rumburgh strete vj' viij*^ 

Itm I gef and bequeth to Margery Lawrens my 

wyf, her heires and assignes, my tenent called Besill, 

w? all the lands y' to in any wise belongyng, as well 

free as bond. 



. ' 1 



258 APPENDIX i 

Itm I gef and bequeth to Margery Lawrens my 
wyff her heires and assignes, my tenent called Brayes, 
w! all the lands y* to in any wise belongyng, as well 
free as bond. 

Itm I bequeth and gif to Margery my wyf, hir 
heres and assignes, my tenent called Cranes, w* all 
the lands y^ to in any wise belongyng, as well free as 
bond. 

Itm I wuU that my tenent called Gooles be sold 
by myn executrice and the mony comyng y^ of I wull 
that Robard Lawrens my sone have yt. 

Itm I gef and bequeth xxvj^ viij^ to be disposed to 
poure folk where most nede ys. That ys to say, in 
Rumburgh, Wysset, Spectyshall, and holton, by even 
porions. 

Itm I wull and charge Feffes which stand and be 
infeffed to myn use, that the delye' estate of all my 
tenents and lands accordyng to this my last will when 
they be desired or requyred y^ to be myn executrice. 

The Residue of all my goods and catalls, not be- 
quethed nor given, I put into the good disposicion 
of myn sooU executrice, whom I ordeyn, and make 
the said Margery my wyff, she to dispose them to 
the plesure of god and for the helthe of my soule, my 
frends soules, and our benefactours soules. 

Made the day and yer abovesaid. 

Proved at Norwich August 3, 1504, and deposited 
there in the Bishop's Registry. 



APPENDIX 259 



EXTRACTS FROM THE WILL OF JOHN LAWRENCE 

OF RUMBURGH 

Great-grandfather of John of Wisset, and of Watertown and 
Groton, Massachusetts 

In dei nomie Amen ; the xxvij'" daie of Aprill in the 
year of our Lord god 1590 and in the xxxij'"' of the 
Raigne of our Sovereigne Ladie Elizabeth. By 
the grace of God of England France and Ireland 
quene, Defender of the faith etc. I John Lawrence 
of Romberough, in the Countie of Suff. Yeoman, 
and in the dioces of Norwich, Beinge whole of Mynd 
and of perfecte Memorye & Remembrance, 

Item I doe gyve & bequethe to John Lawrence 
my son all that my Tenement wherein I now doe 
inhabit, and dwell, together with all my Lands, 
Medowes, Pastures & feadings, with their appetennes 
whatsoev' to them belonging wheresoev"" they lye, in 
Romberough and Wisset, or nigh either of them: To 
have and to hold the said Tent, lands, Pasturs and 
feadings, w^*" their appurtennes whatsoev", to the said 
John and to the heires of his bodie LawfuUie begot- 
ten for ever, with and upon condicon that he the 
said John his heires and executors or ass' shall doe 
all such act and acts, thinge and things and pforme 
such legaces, gifts and bequests as I shall assigne and 
appoint the said John my son in and by this my Last 
Will and Testament and to paye my debts and dis- 
charge Richard my sone of such obligacon or obliga- 
cons as he standeth bownden w'^ me in them for the 
payment of anie some, or somes whatsoev' 

Item I doe give and bequeth to Richard Lawrence 



f 

I 



$ 

260 APPENDIX i 

my sone, the some of three skore pounds, of Lawfull 
englishe money To be paide unto the said Richard, -^ 
his heires execut'rs or ass^ in mann^ and forme fol- * 
lowinge, viz. w'** in two years next after my decease, j 
Fifteen pounds, and at such daie xij moneth then 1' 
next ensuinge other fiften pounds. And at suche daie 
fyve Years after the said second payment other fif- i 
teen pounds, and at such daie twelve moneth after { 
the thirdd payment other XV'' in full satisfaction for 
the said three skore pounds. 

Item I do gyve unto Richard my sone the some of 
twenty shillings, to be paied by John my sone, his ex- 
ecutos, ass' at the feast of St. Michaell tharch — next 
after my decease, and such daie xij moneths other xx* 
as his annuitie till he Receyve his first legacie of xv^ 
w'^'' is dewe to be paide within two years after my de- 
cease. 

Item I give and bequeth to Susane Lawrence my 
daughter the some of Twentie fyve pounds of lawfull 
englishe money To be paid unto the said Susane 
her heires, executo's or assignes by the said John my ' 
sone, his heires executo's ass' in mann' and forme fol- 
lowinge viz within fower yeares next after my decease 
xij" x' and at suche daie twelve moniths then next en- 
suinge, other xij x' in full payment of the said xxV' 

Item I doe gyve & bequeth to Elizabeth my Daugh- 
ter nowe wief of Symon Sheldrak the some of Fifteen 
pounds of Lawfull englishe money To be paied unto 
the said Elizabeth her heires, executo's or ass', by the 
said John, his heires, executo's or ass' within seven 
years next after my decease, tene pounds and suche 
tyme fower years after fyve pounds, in full payment 
of the said xv'J 



APPENDIX 261 

Item I doe give and bequeth to Margerie my 
daught' now wief of Robert Blithe, thi some of xv'i of 
Lawfull englishe money, to be paied unto the said 
Margerie, her heires, executors or ass' by the said John 
my sone, his heires, executors or ass' within eight 
Years next insuinge my said decease tenne pounds, 
and at such tyme fower years after fyve pounds, in 
full payment of the said xv'i 

Item I doe give and bequeth unto Willffi Blithe, 
sone of the said Robt Blith, my sone in lawe, and unto 
the two children of Symon Sheldrak, my son in law, 
w""^ he haith by my daughter Elizabeth, to eche of them 
twentie shillings of Lawfull money of England. To 
be paied by the said John my sone, his heires, Execu- 
to's or ass^ when that they come to their severall ag* of 
xxj'' years. 

Item I do geve and bequeth also to the Children 
of John Bullimnt of the said towne of Romberough 
to eche of them tene Shillings of Lawfull Englishe 
Money To be paied unto them by the said John my 
sone, his heires, executo's or assigns, when that they 
shall accomplishe and come to their severall ag' of 
xxj*^ years. 

Item I gyve and bequeth unto the said John my 
sone, the Posted bedd with all the furniture ther- 
unto belonging, as it standeth in the Chamber be- 
lowe, and the Table and Cobard with two joined 
forms in the Hall. 

Item I gyve and bequeth to Richard my sone, one 
posted bedd with all the furniture therunto belong- 
ing as it standeth in the chamber over the Hall. 

Item I gyve and bequeth unto Susane my dawgh- 



262 APPENDIX 

ter, my Gese with all the Goslings that I now have ' 
and all the laxen yarne that she latlie did spyne for : 
her to convert to her owne use, and also one bedd 
with the furniture thereto belonging, as it standeth 
in the Chamber over the Hall w'^'' Bedd I have here- 
tofore used to lye myself before my sickness that I li 
have tooke me. 

Item I gyve and bequeth to Margaret my daughter, 
one Trundle bedd with all the furniture therunto be- 
longing, as it standeth in the said upper Chamb*" over 
the Hall, with the new Coverlet. 

Item I will, and my mynd is, and by this my Tes- 
tament doe gyve unto my Executo's all my goods 
Catells, MoveabP & unmoveabP whatsoever, except 
all my MoveabP of houshold stuff, and other my 
ymplements w'^'in the inward house, to the paieng 
my debts. 

Item my will and mynd is that all my moveables 
of houshold stuff not heretofore gyven in this my 
will, I doe bequeth the houshold stuff, namely Bed- 
ding, lynnen, Wollen, Pewter, Brasse, Stoles, Cofers, 
and Deirie vessels, and all other things in the Chief 
Mansion or in set house, both in deirie hall Cham- 
bers and butrye, to be equallie pted amongest my 
saide Children. John, Richard, Susane, Elizabeth, 
& Margaret, by my supvis°r of this my last Will and 
Testament, according to his discretion as he shall 
think it most mete and convenient as my trust is in 
hym. 

Item I doe make and ordein the said John my 
sone to be sole Execut'r of this my last will and Tes- 
tament, and to see the same trewlie pformed and 



I 



APPENDIX 263 

executed, as I doe Comgt my whole trust In hym, 
and as he shall answere before god at the laste daye. 

Item I doe mak and ordein Henrye Spachett of 
Romberough aforesaid Supvisor of this my last Will 
and Testament, for his aide and trouble herein I 
gyve hym tenne Shillings of lawfull Englishe Money 
to be paied by my Executor. 

In Witness to this my last will and Testament 
conteyning fyve shets of paper I have sett my mark 
and Redd in the p^fice of Henrie Spachett, John 
Fuller and me Nicholas Wright. 

Proved at Beecles, by John Lawrence, June 2, 
1590. Deposited at Ipswich. 

WILL OF RICHARD LAWRENCE OF RUMBURGH 

Younger brother of John of Wisset, a copy of whose will 

is given above 

Be it knowne unto all men by these p'nts that I 
Richard Lorance being of good and pfitt Memorye, 
doe make and ordayne this my last will & Testa- 
ment. 

First I bequeathe my soule into thandes of God, 
and my body to be buryed. 

First I am to receyve of my brother John Lorance 
the some of Thirtie Pounds of good and lawfull 
monye of Englande, at Mychaelm's next, more he 
hath of myne, a posted bedsted with a fether bedd 
and thinges longe thereto, a greate Chest, a Coffer 
and in the Coffer a paire of Vellwie Venicians,^ a 
table, too stooles, twoo chayres, one Copper Kettle, 
three pewter dishes, one Salter booke, xij yards of 

1 Velvet hose. 



264 APPENDIX 

blacke frieze, paier of gersie nether stockes, one paier 
of boots, twoo evvin bowes & a paier of arrowes I 
have at Pateriches, twoe pewter dishes, Francis Wat- 
ling owe unto me fortie shillings, Richard Batila 
owe unto me for one paier of gersie netherstock 
V? viij'^ George Gorlinge owe unto me eight groats. 
James Reading owe unto me fortie shillinges. Robt. 
Darnye have in his hand vj'' of good and lawful! 
money of England. I am to receave for the house 
of Thomas Calie at Michaellmas next xvij' and so 
xvij' a quarter till Michaellmas next after. I owe 
unto Thomas Mose two & fortie shillings, I owe unto 
Bartholomew Warrant x" to be payd at Michaellmas 
next. I owe to the saide Patericke aforenamed 
xxviij* I owe unto Thomas Gooches wyfe tenn groates. 
I owe unto the wyfe of Tongett fifteen shillings. I 
will and my meanynge is that all my debts be paide 
and fullye satisfied, then I will that whatsoever Re- 
maynethe I give unto my brothers, and systers to be 
equallie devyded amonge then ptt and part lyke. 
More I give unto the saide Patericke aforenamed, 
half a crowne of good and lawfuU monie of England. 
I make my brother John Lorance my full & whole 
Executor to take my debts and to paye my debts and 
discharge my will. Whatsoever is in my Coffer 
unrehearsed, I will that it be devyded as in before 
saide. Thomas Howarde owe me tenn stillings. 

Witnessith Willm Bamford and Robert Darnye. 

Proved in the Bishops Court of Norwich, June 
30, 1596. 



I 



APPENDIX 265 

WILL OF JOHN LAWRENCE OF WISSET 

[ Grandfather of the emigrant ancestor of the same name 

In the name of God amen, the second day of June 
in the year of o' lord god 1606. 

I John Lawrence of Wisset in the county of Suff. 
yeoman, being sick of body but of good and pfect 
Remembrannc, thanks be given unto Almighty God, 
doe ordeyn and make this my last will & testament 
in man"" & forme following. But principally I give 
and comend my soule into the hands of Allmighty 
god, desiring him most mcifully to Receyve the same 
into his mcy, & my body to be buryed where my 
christian Brethren thinck it mete. 

Item I geve & bequeath unto Johan my wife my 
best bedstead & bed fully furnished as it standeth 
upon eyther of the chambers on the plor or on the 
kychen, to be chosen by Johan my wife after my de- 
cease or at the Inventory making. 

Item I geve unto my s'^ wife one little square table 
in the plor one little Chest, one Coffer standing in 
the same, one great back chayer, one great buffet- 
stole, & one Little one, two Cushins of Birdworke & 
one other small: cushin, one little back chayer next 
unto the best standing in the hall, my little brasse 
pot, one paier of pothokes to the same one broad ket- 
tle, one skillet, next the best, one little Restiron, 
three Bowlles, one little frying panne, one latten 
ladle, one pewter candlestick, one Brazen candlestick, 
one washing maund, one close grate, one brasse 
morter, w'^ a pestell, one Joynd forme in the Hall, 
thre of my best Silver spones, all my hemp & towe, 
twoe bere firkins & one litle kettle. 



266 APPENDIX 

Item I geve unto my said wife my warmyng panne, 
& my wicker chayer to have the use of for tearme of 
her lyfe & after her decease I doe geve & devyse 
them unto Henry Lawrence my sonne. 

Item I geve and bequeath unto my s^ wife my best 
chest standing upon the chamber, to have the use of i 
for terme of her lyfe & after her Decease I doe give ! 
it unto Robert Lawrence my sonne. 

Item I geve & bequeath unto Henry Lawrence 
my sonne, my best bedstead & bed full furnished w'!* 
a paier of sheets to the same as it standeth in the j 
parloT my great chest, one buffet stole, my cubbard 
& table w'^ a Joynd forme to the same, one great 
Chayer & my best back Chayer two of my best Bird 
work Chushins, & one little cushin, one coffer stand- 
ing in the plor chamber, my Byble, twoe silver 
spoones, one of them to be of the best sort, and my 
best Brasen candlestick, one paier of Cobirons, one 
great Restiron, my best Caldren of Copper being ; 
Curbled, my best kettle next unto the Brass Kettle, 
my great skillet, my best Brass pot, one spitt, one 
luchpanne, one Trendle bedstead w'^ a flock bed, & 
a flocke bolster lying upon the bed in the kitchen, 
one blanckit, one of my best Coverings lying upon 
any of my Trendle beds, one paier of Holland sheets, 
& one Holland Band cloth w''^ were myne before I 
was marryed, one paier of Malt quernes, one paier 
of Musterd Quernes, two paier of sheets half a dozen 
table napkins, & one long Towell, my best Milk 
tub churne, one whay kealer, my best chese bord 
upon the Dayry chamber, one other Chese Bord 
belowe in the Dayry lying on the south syde of the 



APPENDIX 267 

s^ Dayrye w*^ the Trestles thereunto belonging, my 
best salting Keler, my best chese presse & my best 
chese salt and chese Brede thereunto belonging, six 
milck boUes & one Butter keler. 

Item I geve & bequeath unto Robert Lawrence 
my Sonne, my Lyvery bedstead standing in the kichen 
w'!' my best cov'ing, Fether bed & Fether bolster 
pillow blanckits & one paier of sheets unbequeathed, 
my table in the kichen w"" the Trestles thereunto 
belonging, one Joynd stole & one long forme stand- 
ing in the Hall, one great chayer & one little chayer 
twoe Bird work cushins, one little cushin, twoe silver 
spones besydes his owne whereof one to be of the 
best sort, one pewter candlestick, one great old chest 
Standing in the plor chamber, twoe paire of sheets, 
half a dozen table napkins, & one little Towelle, one 
Caldron next unto the best, one Braw Brasse panne, 
one Lyttle kettle, one little skillet, one old Cubbard, 
two chese boards, six milck holies, one chese presse 
one chese salt & Bread next unto the best. 

Item I geve & bequeath unto Margery Whiting my 
daughtr one trendle bedstead with a fetherbed, a bol- 
ster, a pillow, a cov'ing, a paier of sheets, twoe silver 
spones, & v'l" to be pd w'4n half a yere after my de- 

I cease. 

Item I geve & bequeath unto Arthur Whiting my 

grandchild xx^ 

Item I geve Roger Whiting my grandchild xx' 
Item I geve & bequeath unto Katherin Shacker 
my daughter one trendlebedstead, one litle fetherbed, 
one bolster, one Covering, one blankit, one paier of 
sheets, one pillowe, & two silver spoones. 



268 APPENDIX 

Item I geve & bequeath unto the sd Katherin 
Shacker my daughter, the some of v' to be pd her 
w'^in one wholle yere next after my decease, if that \ 
my executors do think it may convenyently bet 
spared. 

Item I geve unto Katherin Shacker my grand 
child XX? 

Item I doe geve & devyse unto Johane my wife j 
all my lynnen unbequeathed. Also I do devise & my 
woU & mynd is that all my pewter unbequeathed 
shalbe evenly devysed betwixt Johane my wife & : 
Henry & Robert Lawrence my sonnes, be even por- 
cons. Also my will & mynd is that all the rest of 
my dayry vessels that is unbequeathed shall be evenly 
devyded amongst all my children. 

All the rest of my moveable goods, chattels, uten- 
siles & Implements of household or household stuff, 
after my debts, legac' pbats & funerall expenses satis- 
fied & discharged, viz. my Corn Haye, Catties, Uten- 
sills & implements of household stuffs of what kynd, 
nature or quality soev' they be of, being unbe- 
queathed, shalbe sold by my executors hereafter to 
be named, & the mony that shall increwe & aryse 
upon the sale of my s"^ goods, I will & my mynd is 
that fower score pounds shalbe put out by my execu- 
tors hereafter to be named during the life of Johane 
my wife, & to paye unto the s^ Johane my wife the 
some of seven pounds yere & Yerely during her s^ 
naturall Lyfe, viz. at the feast of the Anncacon & St. 
Michaell tharchangell by even porcons, The first 
paym thereof not to begyn untill the feast day of 
Thanncacon of o' lady next after it be Raysed by the 






APPENDIX 269 

use or benefitt of the sd Ixxx^' & after my wife's de- 
cease I will the sd Ixxx" shalbe & Remayne to Henry 
& Robert Lawrence my sonnes, to be evenly devyded 
betwyxt them w^'in half yere next after my wife's 
decease. Provyded always my will & mynd is that 
if that Henry & Robt. Lawrence my sonnes, shall, 
will & doe enter into bond unto Johane my wife 
w^^ sufficient suretyes w^^'in twoe monthes next after 
my deceasse, to pay unto Johane my wife the sd some 
of vij^' yere & yearly in mann"" & forme as is Aforesd. 
Then I will & my mynd is that Henry & Robt. Law- 
rence my sonnes shall have & take the sd Ixxx'' after 
such bond being entered unto the sd Johane my wife, 
to their owne use, & then I will that my executors 
shalbe acquitted and discharged of the sd Ixxx'' as also 
of the yerely Anuity unto Johane my wife lawfully by 
the sd Johane my wife, Henry & Robt. Lawrence my 
sonnes. The which if they will not, can not, or doe 
not, discharg my executors, & my sonnes enter into 
these bonds, as Aforesd, Then I will that my execu- 
tors shall have & take the sd Ixxx" into there hands 
to the use, as is Aforesd, untill half a yere next after 
my wifes deceasse, & the Remaynder of mony that 
shall Aryse by the sale of my goods after the Ixxx" 
being taken out & my debts, legacf pbats & funerall 
expenses fully discharged, I will shall Remayne all 
wholly to Henry Lawrence my sonne. Provided yet 
further that if either of my sonnes doe dye w^'out 
heires & not marryed before they shall enter their 
porcons, Then I will that the portion of mony to 
them so geven being deceassed as aforesd, shall Re- 
mayne unto them lyving. Provyded alwayes that 



270 APPENDIX 

my Sonne lyving shall have for his pt xx" & my: 
daughters xx^' evenly devyded betwixt them & the 
rest of his porcon of goods to be evenly devyded: 
amongst all my children & if that both my sonnes doe i 
dye as Aforesd, that then their porcons to Remayn i 
unto my daughters & to their heires to be evenly, 
devyded betwyxt them. 

Item I doe ordeyn and make Thomas Morse ofi 
Frostenden my brother-in-law & Robt Mighells, of: 
Wisset my executo'■^ to pform this my last will and i 
testam* according to the intent & true meanyng of 
the same. 

In witnes whereof I have hereunt sett my hand the 
day & yere above written. 

Signed Johis Lawrence. Delyv'ed in the psence 
of Samuell Kake, Roger Mihells. 

Proved 27 March 1607. Deposited at Ipswich. 

MEMORANDA RELATING TO SEVERAL BRANCHES 
OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY IN ENGLAND 

J John Lawrence of Ramsey, in Huntingdonshire, 

in the reign of Henry VIII., 1509-47, was the an- 
cestor of the family at St Ives, in the same county, 
^ of which Sir John Lawrence, the father of the Presi- 

^ dent of the Council, was knighted at Windsor by 

King James I. previous to the coronation. It is from 
\^ one of the younger sons of the President that the 

^ Lawrence family of Studley Park, and Hackfall in 

Yorkshire, are descended. 

Another branch of the Lawrence family was seated 
at Heatingfordbury in the reign of Henry VII., and 
became allied to the great and illustrious, to the am- 



APPENDIX 271 

bitious Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, to the 
Earl of Warwick, to Lord Guildford Dudley ; the 
brilliant Leicester; and to Sir Philip Sidney. Lord 
Heytesbury, as heir of the Vernons, is the represent- 
ative of this branch of the Lawrence family. 

One of the peculiar features of the old city of Lon- 
don was the number of houses enriched with plaster- 
work, skilfully modelled in imitation of foliage, fruit, 
heads of men, and animals, and most prominent 
heraldic insignia. A house of this description bore 
on its front the turbot crest and arms of Lawrence, 
differenced by a canton, and was the residence of 
Sir John Lawrence, lord mayor in 1665 ; he was the 
grandson of a Fleming who left the Netherlands in 
the reien of Elizabeth and settled in Great Saint 
Helen's, where Sir John built a mansion not unworthy 
of Genoa, " la superba." 

During the Revolutionary war no less than three 
hundred and twenty-four persons bearing the name 
of Lawrence (with many modifications of spelling) 
were in the military service of the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts. Authority for this statement is 
found in the ninth volume of " Massachusetts Sol- 
diers and Sailors in the War of the Revolution," a 
work published under the direction of the office of 
the Secretary of State. From this volume (p. 569) 
we take the following: "Samuel Lawrence, Groton ; 
Corporal, Captain Henry Farvv-ell's company of Min- 
atemen, which marched on the alarm of April 19, 
1775. Service six days. Also Captain Henry Far- 
well's (ist) company, Colonel William Prescott's 
(loth) regiment, muster-roll dated August i, 1775, 



272 APPENDIX 

enlisted, April 25, 1775, service ninety eight days. 
Also, company return, probably [October, 1775]. 
Order for bounty, coat or its equivalent in money, 
dated Sewall's Point, November 16, 1775." 

FROM THE "RECORDS OF THE CHURCH IN 
BRATTLE SQUARE, BOSTON" (1699-1872) 

Admitted as Communicants : 
Oct. 4, 181 2. Amos Lawrence & Sarah Lawrence 

his wife. [By the Rev. Professor McKean.] 
Dec. 6*''- 181 7. William and Susan Lawrence. 
March i*** 1829. Abbot & Catharine Lawrence. 

Baptisms 

Oct. 18, 18 1 2. William Richards of Amos & Sarah 

Lawrence, by Rev. W. E. Channing. 
April 17, 18 14. William Boardman of William & 

Susan Lawrence. 
June 29'\ 1818. Lydia Elizabeth of William & Susan 

Lawrence. 
Oct. i^ 1820. Anna Bigelow of Abbot & Catharine 

Lawrence. 
May I9'^ 1822. James of Abbot & Catharine Law- 
rence. 
June I'*, 1823. Susan Elizabeth of William & Susan 

Lawrence. 
Sept. 21'*, 1823. Mary Means of Amos & Nancy 

Lawrence. 
March 28^ 1824. Mary Boardman of W™- & Susan 

Lawrence. 
Nov' 6, 1825. John Abbot of Abbot & Catharine 

Lawrence. 



11 



I) 

APPENDIX 273 

Sept. 17, 1826. Harriet Boardman of William & 
Susan Lawrence. 

Jan. 7""-, 1827. Robert Means of Amos and Nancy 
Lawrence. 

July I''-, 1827. Timothy Bigelow of Abbott & Catha- 
rine Lawrence. 

Aug. 2^- 1829. Abbott of Abbott & Catharine Law- 
rence. 

Aug. i6**'- 1829. Mary Frances of William & Susan 
R. Lawrence. 

Dec'"' 30, 1832. Catharine Bigelow Lawrence, child 

of Abbot & Catharine Lawrence, by Prof' J. G. 

Palfrey. 

Marriage 

June 5, 181 1. Amos Lawrence & Sarah Richards. 
By Rev. Jos. S. Buckminster. 

Deaths 

I June 29^''-, 1818. Lydia Elizabeth Lawrence, ^t. 14 

days ; infantile. 
Jan. I4"'-, 18 19. Sarah Lawrence ; Consumption. 
Aug. 2 2"^-, 18 19. Sarah, infant daughter of Wm. 

Lawrence, 4 days ; lung fever ; baptized by Dr. 

Ware. 
Dec. d>'^\ 1828. Mary Means Lawrence ; 5 ; lung fever. 

FROM THE RECORD IN THE FAMILY BIBLE OF 
AMOS LAWRENCE OF BOSTON 

Amos Adams Lawrence, born at Boston, July 31, 
I 1814. Baptized by Rev^- John T. Kirkland in Brat- 
tle Street Church. 
Susanna Lawrence, born at Boston, May 23*^, 181 7. 
Baptized at Dedham by Rev. Joshua Bates. 



274 APPENDIX 

MORTGAGE DEED OF THE GROTON HOMESTEAD 

In the month of April, a. d. 1807, Amos Law- 
rence attained his majority, and having finished his 
apprenticeship in Groton, he came to Boston to seek 
his fortune. To enable him to start in business with 
some capital, his father mortgaged the home-farm for 
one thousand dollars, and loaned the money to his 
son. Following is a copy of the original document: 

Know all Men by these Presents, That I, Samuel 
Lawrence of Groton, in the County of Middlesex, 
and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Esquire ; in 
consideration of one thousand dollars to me paid by 
Benjamin Lee, of Cambridge, in the said County, 
Gentleman, the Receipt whereof I do hereby acknow- 
ledge, do hereby give, grant, sell and convey unto the 
said Benjamin Lee, his heirs and assigns forever, a 
certain parcel of Land lying in said Groton, about 
one mile from the meeting-house in said Town, with 
all the buildings thereon ; said parcel of land is the 
same whereon the said Samuel now lives, and con- 
tains fifty acres, be the same more or less, bounded 
as follows, to wit ; easterly on the highway leading 
by the dwelling-house in which the said Samuel now 
lives, southerly on the highway leading over Nashua 
river, so called, to Tarbell's Mills ; westerly and north- 
erly on Joseph Tufts' land, with all the privileges, 
[etc.] To Have and to Hold the afore-granted pre- 
mises to the said Benjamin Lee, his Heirs and As- 
signs, to his and their Use and Behoof forever. And 
do covenant with the said Benjamin Lee, his Heirs and 
Assigns, that I am lawfully seized in Fee of the afore- 



APPENDIX 27s 

granted Premises ; That they are free of all Incum- 
brances ; That I have good Right to sell and convey 
the same to the said Benjamin Lee ; And that I will 
warrant and defend the said Premises to the said 
Benjamin Lee, his Heirs and Assigns forever, against 
the lawful Claims and Demands of all Persons. 

Provided nevertheless, that if the said Samuel 
Lawrence, his Heirs, Executors, or Administrators, 
pay to the said Benjamin Lee, his Heirs, Executors, 
Administrators or Assigns, the Sum of one thousand 
dollars in Gold or silver coin, in three years from the 
date hereof, with interest annually ; then this Deed, 
as also a certain bond, bearing even date with these 
Presents, given by the said Samuel Lawrence to the 
said Benjamin, to pay the same Sum with interest as 
aforesaid, at the Time aforesaid, shall both be void ; 
otherwise shall remain in full Force. 

In witness whereof, I the said Samuel Lawrence 

have hereunto set my Hand and Seal this first Day 

of September in the Year of our Lord One thousand 

eight hundred and seven. 

Signed, sealed and 

delivered in Presence of us, 

William Lawrence 1 „ , re n 

^ ,jT C Samuel Lawrence. Ibeal.j 

Oliver Wentworth ) 

Middlesex ss. Groton, Sept. ist-, 1807. Then the 
above-named Samuel Lawrence personally appeared 
and acknowledged the above Instrument to be his 

free Act and Deed ; before me, 

_, (Just, of) 

James Prescott < -i^ > 

I i eace. j 



276 



APPENDIX 



Middlesex ss. Cambridge, 2 Sept', 1807. Receivec 
and Entered in the Registry of Deeds, Book 175J 
Page 217. 

Attest, Sam Bartlett, Reg. 

POSTSCRIPT 

Written by Sarah Richards Lawrence, in a letter j 
from Amos Lawrence to his brother Abbott, then in] 
England; dated at Boston, May 19, 181 5 : 

My DEAR Brother, — If I were not cumber'd abouti 
many things, I should before this have written you 
something like a letter. Amos has left a blank space,} 
which I readily fill to assure you that you are not for- 
gotten by me, and that I most heartily wish for your| 
return, even before I hear of your arrival. Return| 
soon, and purchase me a pair of ear-rings, answerablej 
for your own taste. The price not exceeding ten dol-f 
lars. Thus you will oblige 

Your affectionate sister, 

S. L. 



MEMORANDUM 

The following is taken from a fly-leaf of the first! 
sales-book of Amos Lawrence, wherein the first item| 
is entered under the date Dec. 17, 1807. 

Amos Lawrence's first book of sales, commenced at 
his store at No. 31 Cornhill (now 24 Washington | 
Street), July, 1810, in which each day's sales are en- 
tered in detail, and 'Ca^ first entry was ior four cotionl 
handkerchiefs to a Cape Cod man, which proved the 
foundation of an extremely profitable business for the 



APPENDIX 277 

whole period of my continuing in the retail trade. 
This man seemed interested in me as a young begin- 
ner, and came a few days afterward with a number of 
his brother fishermen, and from that time they were 
in the habit of coming to me for their dry goods, 
under the belief that I would deal fairly by them, in 
which they were never disappointed. I never pre- 
tended to keep a " cheap shop," but always professed 
to give them a fair eqtiivalent for the mo7iey, and 
whatever was not satisfactory to them might be re- 
turned and the money refunded ; in all my experience 
with them I have no recollection of any such call from 
any one of them. This fact shows how true that maxim 
is that " Honesty is the best Policy." The whole of 
the Wellfleet and Chatham people were my customers 
for years. 

Amos Lawrence. 

Boston, July, 14, 1840. 

ANOTHER FLY-LEAF MEMORANDUM 

My brother William had overworked himself on 

the farm, and his health was so far impaired that he 

contemplated taking the ofifice of Deputy Sheriff, 

which he could have had ; but before doing so, he 

came, on the ninth day of October, 1809, to make me 

a visit of a few days, and has remained here to this 

date. 

• Amos Lawrenxe. 

October 9, 1842. 



■;!>? 



I 



278 APPENDIX 

I 
CAPTAIN AMOS LAWRENCE [1716-1785] 

The following is a " List of Officers Commissioned 
for ye 6th Regimt of Militia in ye County of Middle- 
sex Inft, 1762." 

John Bulkeley Esqr, Colonel. 

James Prescott, Lieut. Col. 

Phineas Gates, Major, 
ist Company in Groton. 

Amos Lawrence, Captain. 

Joseph Sheple, Lieut. 

Thomas White, Ensign. 
2nd Company in Groton. 

Abel Lawrence, Captain. 

Nathll Parker, Lieut. 

Robert Parker, Ensign. 

Mass. Archives, 99 : 33. 

DEACON SAMUEL LAWRENCE 

In the year 1 798 a direct tax on dwelling-houses 
and lands was levied by the United States Govern- 
ment, and Deacon Samuel Lawrence served as prin- 
cipal assessor for the district including the towns 
of Groton, Shirley, and Dunstable. His associates 
were Samuel Rockwood and Jacob Patch of Groton, 
Joshua Longley of Shirley, and Isaac Wright of 
Dunstable. 

EXTRACT FROM A LETTER 

Written by Baron Justus von Liebig (the distin- 
guished scientist and professor of Chemistry in the 
University of Giessen, Germany) to a resident of 



APPENDIX 279 

Cambridge, Mass., and published in the " Boston 
Courier," Jan., 1848. The letter has reference to 
the gift of fifty thousand dollars to Harvard Colleo-e 
by the Hon. Abbott Lawrence, to found the Scien- 
tific School, which was named in his honor. 

" Although I have not the honor to know person- 
ally Mr. Abbott Lawrence, I will venture to desire 
you to express to him my profound respect and 
esteem. Men of his stamp are rare gems, and for- 
tunate is the land that possesses them. His magnifi- 
cent gift founds a scientific institution which is a 
necessity of the times, and which is destined to spread 
the greatest benefactions and blessings over your 
whole land. By what means, in this day, can these 
be more successfully promoted than by the spread of 
useful knowledge, the cultivation and development 
of the spirit by which new ideas are to be brought 
out and rendered practical .? All progress rests upon 
this. Empiricism does not overstep its confines, but 
science creates the knowings and prepares the way 
for the cunning, and gives to otherwise stagnant 
sap both life and motion. 

" His letter, which you sent to me in the newspaper, 
filled me with the highest respect and the most pro- 
found astonishment. Blessings upon this noble man ! 
His name will live in the memory of the latest genera- 
tion. 

"GiESSEN, December 12, 1847." 



28o APPENDIX 

A MINUTE-MAN^ 

BY MARY FOSDICK 
CHAPTER I 

Captain Amos Lawrence was an estimable farmer 
in New England, who was born in the first quarter of 
the eighteenth century, and at a suitable age married 
Miss Abigail Abbott. She brought him as part of 
her dowry various handsome pewter articles, among 
them several large plates, or platters, on which her 
initials were stamped or cut, as was the fashion 
in her day, a handsome hall clock with mahogany 
case and brass face, and other articles of household 
furniture ; though, as her father was also a farmer, it 
is not probable that she brought Captain Lawrence 
very much else beside the bedding which every bride 
expected to provide. As to her personal attractions 
I have no means of knowing. Though born in Bos- 
ton's neighborhood, Captain Amos Lawrence made 
his way to Groton, a thriving village farther inland, 
and there our minute-man was born in the spring 
of 1754. He was a bright boy, and "did well," as 
people said, both as a son and brother at home and 
as a scholar in school ; and when he had exhausted 
the best educational advantages the place then af- 
forded, he went to work on a small farm, which he 
took on a mortgage, hoping probably to make it 
profitable enough to enable him to support a wife. 

1 Under this title is here given a story of Major Samuel Lawrence 
and the members of his family. 




y. 

o 

b 

o 






APPENDIX 2S1 

Whether he had in mind the lady whom he afterward 
married, I am unable to state, but in his twenty-first 
year he became engaged to a handsome girl, a year 
younger than himself, whose acquaintance he proba- 
bly made while visiting his grandparents Lawrence, 
as her stepfather lived in a town (Concord) adjoining 
the one in which his mother, Miss Abbott, had been 
born (Lexington); so we may naturally suppose that 
he desired to make the farm as successful as possible. 
His parents had other children, and having given him 
the benefit of the best educational facilities in Groton, 
could not afford to do more, though they must have 
realized that such a boy as he would have been glad 
to go through college, as at least two of his contem- 
poraries did, and w^ould be an honor to any profession, 
for he was beloved and respected by his fellow-towns- 
men as few young men of his age were, and was as 
fond of books as if he had been a rich Tory's son. 

He was steadily making his way toward being 
known as a successful farmer, and toward the goal of 
his hopes, — marriage with his handsome sweetheart, 
— when the times began to grow so troublous that 
almost every one looked sober, and asked what was 
coming to the Colonies in the near future. The resi- 
dents of Groton were always glad to meet Samuel 
Lawrence, with his bright, cheerful face, alert manner, 
and hearty laugh. " Don't be discouraged," he would 
say, " If the British want a taste of American powder, 
let them have it. They '11 not want a great many," 
and he was one of the first to assist in recruiting a 
company of " minute-men," of which he was an oflficcr. 
These minute-men were to be ready to start at a 



282 APPENDIX 

moment's warning for the seat of war, wherever it 
was, whenever they were notified that the British had 
begun to show fight. Until then, he, like many an- 
other, was a peaceful farmer, eating his bread in the 
sweat of his brow ; and he was looking forward to 
building a nest for the handsome Susanna Parker, 
who on her part was spinning and weaving sheets 
and pillow-cases, as well as blankets, for its lining. 
He was so popular in the town that he had no diffi- 
culty in persuading others to enlist with him, and no 
one of them grudged him the titles or offices he held, 
though many of them were older men than he ; and 
after his day's work they were drilled in a large barn 
belonging to one of them. 

Major Samuel always had a pleasant smile and 
encouraging word for every one, which was remem- 
bered in after years by his townsmen.^ " I declare 
for 't," one old man said years afterward, " ef Major 
Sam's v'ice and laugh did n't keep our hearts up, 
when we could n't hardly believe that the British sol- 
diers would n't ride over us with their fine horses and 
uniforms, and their harnsome guns. But he 'd allers 

say, ' Come now, Mr. , you are as good as a Tory 

soldier, any day, and, if I ain't as tall as Goliah, I 'm 
a servin' the same Lord Almighty that David was, so 
let 's go ahead, and let 'em see what Americans are 
made on, when the time comes. You 've got a wife, 
and I 've got a sweetheart, and we don't need to fight 
but one day at a time.' He was a short man, but we 
never thought o' that, his soul was so big. He 'd a 

1 Samuel Lawrence was a corporal at the time of the Lexington alarm, 
and by successive promotions attained the rank of major. 



APPENDIX 2g^ 

shared his last crust with his men, and I only hope- 
that when I git my discharge in this world, I shall 
be 'llowed ter be where I can serve with him in 
t'other." This was said by an octogenarian after 
Major Lawrence's death, and the respect in which 
the latter was held by the whole community increased 
as time went on. Whatever he did was done well, 
and he did a great variety of things, too, in the 
course of his life. He could go but seldom to see 
his lady-love; but when he did go he made good 
use of his eyes and ears, and for that reason his farm 
bade fair to become one of the best in the rco-ion. 
He had in his employ a boy, or young man, eio-ht 
years younger than himself, in whom he had bcfun 
to feel interested in the first place because he seemed 
to have so few friends, his mother having died while 
Major Sam was finishing his education. When he 

[j heard that Oliver Wentworth's mother was dead, 
and that there was talk of apprenticing Oliver to 
some one, he asked his father, upon returning from 
school, if he would not take the boy to help him on 
the farm, and he brought forward so many arguments 
to prove that Oliver would prefer working on a farm, 

li and that his mother would have preferred it for him, 
that it would be better to take the few pounds that 
her effects would bring and put them into something 
that would benefit Oliver,^ that at length Mr. Law- 
rence said, " Well, Sam, have your own way. If he 
does w^ell, all right, but if he does n't, he shall be 
apprenticed to Mr. Smith, the wheelwright." Oliver 

1 Whom he would employ himself as soon as he had a farm of his 
own. 



.^,J 



284 APPENDIX 

never was apprenticed to Mr. Smith, however. He 
was a sturdy New England boy, and he was faithful 
to his duties, working with the better will because Mr. 
Lawrence had told him what had led him to take 
him. He was also much interested in Major Sam's 
love affairs when the young man made a confidant 
of the boy, then in his fourteenth year. When Major 
Sam — though he was only " Mr. Sam " then — took 
the small farm on a mortgage, Oliver's first question 
was, " Ain't ye goin' ter let me work for ye, Mr. Sam ? " 
(or perhaps it was plain " Sam " until his employer 
had a military title, though of this I can only sur- 
mise), and when he was told that that was a part 
of the agreement with Mr. Lawrence, Sr., who was 
wont to keep his word, he said, " I '11 stick to you 
then, as long as I live, unless you tell me to cut," 
which he did. He was at first quite content to at- 
tend to the farm while Mr. Sam was collecting his 
recruits ; but at length he requested so earnestly to be 
allowed to " jine the militie," so as to be able to ac- 
company him into the army, that Major Sam over- 
looked the fact that he was too young to be enrolled 
as a soldier, and told him that if he himself went to 
fight he would take him as a personal attendant, 
which was all that Oliver desired. The days went 
on, and Major Sam drilled his men in the large barn 
and kept himself and them informed of the condition 
of things in Boston and elsewhere so far as was pos- 
sible ; though we may suppose that with his usual 
modesty he would ask the older men for whatever 
information they could give, before imparting his, 
and that when theirs had been received he said what 



APPENDIX 285 

he had to say as briefly and simply as possible, before 
going about the work of drilling his men. 

When he and Oliver were engaged in shelling or 
husking corn, or in chopping or piling wood on the 
small wood lot belonging to the farm, he would ex- 
press to the lad his opinions regarding matters and 
things in general, thus gaining more and more of 
Oliver's confidence and affection ; neither of which 
was ever withdrawn, and both of which were expressed 
when Oliver was nearing his fourscore years and ten, 
if not later. 

Letters were few and far between in those days, but 
Samuel Lawrence managed to send a letter to his 
sweetheart now and then, and to receive some from 
her in return, in which she could give him bits of in- 
formation as to the state of things nearer the metro- 
polis, as well as in her own home. But the winter 
passed, and no blow was struck by the British which 
was felt to warrant the calling out of the militia. 
March went by, and April came, when one day as the 
young minute-man was busy ploughing, while Oliver 
guided the one horse, one of the selectmen of Groton 
rode up to the fence and shouted, " Samuel, notify 
your men. The British are coming." The young 
minute-man did not wait for words. He drove the 
plough deeper into the furrow, saying, " Oliver, free the 
horse, and then go as fast as you can to tell my men 
in the town to meet on the Common, while I notify 
those farther off." Oliver went, thankful that he could 
trust his young employer's promise to let him accom- 
pany him into the war ; and as the selectman had given 
a general warning, the bells of the meeting-house 



286 APPENDIX 

fronting the Common were ringing when the last man 
had been told and the captain came to take command 
of his little company. 

It has been said that Colonel Prescott, who lived far- 
ther from the seat of war, passed them before his 
brother, who was chairman of the selectmen of Groton, 
with his fellow-selectmen, had given out all their arms 
and ammunition; but if so, there are two reasons that 
may readily account for the statement, for some of the 
annals of the Lawrence family distinctly say that " in 
less than two hours after the selectmen notified Sam- 
uel, he and his men were on the march for Concord," 
and Colonel Prescott could scarcely have called out his 
Pepperell troops and marched them to Groton — five 
miles — in less time than that, unless they were al- 
ready equipped when the messenger from Concord 
reached PepperelL But local history says that the 
colonel himself did not wait for his men, but order- 
ing some of those in Pepperell to take word to the 
rest, as well as to the minute-men in an adjoining 
town, he himself at once started for Concord. As he 
was mounted, he would naturally pass the Groton men 
before they were ready to begin the march. Another 
reason, if the Pepperell men did pass through Groton 
while arms, etc., were being distributed, why they 
misfht have done so is that Groton had another com- 
pany of minute-men, commanded by another man, an 
older man than Samuel Lawrence, who may not have 
been able to notify his command as speedily as Sam- 
uel notified the one in which he was an of^cer. How- 
ever that may have been, it is declared by one of his 
grandsons, on the authority of the minute-man's third 



APPENDIX 287 

son, that he and his men were on the march in less 
than two hours, and as many of the men lived on out- 
lying farms it must have taken time to notify them. 
The ploughshare was turned into a sword, and the 
man who had so lately been a peaceful farmer was on 
the way to defend his country in her need. 

The battle at Lexington and the fight at Concord 
were both over when he reached the latter place, and 
though Susanna Parker lived close to one of the 
roads through which they passed to join Colonel 
Prescott, the young minute-man did not turn to the 
right hand or to the left. As he lacked a few days of 
being twenty-one years old on that memorable day, 
we may imagine how great a trial it must have been 
for him to pass so near without being able to tell her 
that he was on his way to protect her ; and Oliver's 
first real service for Captain Samuel after they left 
Groton may have been to carry a message for him to 
Mr. Parker's house. But if such were the case, no 
record of the fact has come down to the writer of this 
little story, 

CHAPTER II 

Susanna Parker was called a very handsome girl, 
and her portrait, painted when she was more than 
fourscore years old by the best portrait painter 
known in America at that day, shows handsome, reg- 
ular features and a rather stately bearing. There 
were later three copies of this portrait, one of which 
was in the possession of her daughter Elizabeth, a 
second owned, I think, by Hon. Abbott Lawrence's 
family, and about the third I am uncertain. The 



I, 



288 APPENDIX 



original was, I am told, the one in the possession of 
Mrs. Mary Woodbury, having been given or be- 
queathed to her by Mr. Amos Lawrence, for whom 
it was painted. I am under the impression that a 
silhouette, which I frequently saw in the house of 
one of the latter gentleman's sons was that of the 
minute-man, but I cannot be positive. It gave the 
profile and shoulders, with the hair drawn back and 
braided in a queue, and it showed regular features 
and a benign expression. I was so sure that it was 
Captain Samuel Lawrence, that I never asked about 
it, and it never occurred to me to doubt about the 
matter until I undertook to write this little narra- 
tive, which I wish to have true to facts. 

Mrs. Lawrence's sons all describe her as having 
been a handsome and dignified woman, and it is easy 
to believe that she might have been a belle in the 
place where she was born. Of her birthplace and 
early connections I can say little that has not already 
been said, but she had so many friends after her 
marriage that it is probable she had a great many in 
her girlhood. Certainly she was very much in love 
with the young minute-man, in whose pathway she 
never put any stumbling-blocks. After he passed her 
by with his company, her mind was busy while her 
hands were spinning and weaving, and when some 
time later the question was raised as to how the town 
where she lived was to obtain its mail, she said, 
" Father, I can be mail-carrier, if you will let me." 
Mr. Parker laughed. He was a practical man and 
did not expect grapes of thorns, so how could he ex- 
pect that the British forces would allow one of the 



APPENDIX 289 

provincials to go unmolested through their lines, even 
if it were a young and handsome woman ? '• Non- 
sense, Susanna," he replied; "your wantino- Sam 
Lawrence's letters is not going to persuade the Brit- 
ish to allow you to pass their lines and go throuc^h 
Charlestown into Boston, and you would not get a 
sight of Sam, for he is not anywhere near Boston." 

"That is true enough, father," replied Susanna, 
when he had ceased speaking ; " but will you let me 
take old Whitefoot and let Billy go with me on Mr. 
Savage's Peggy, if Mr. Savage will lend her to us, 
to see the commander of the British forces } I '11 do 
the rest." 

" Do you mean it, Susanna.?" asked Mr. Parker, 
looking at her in astonishment. 

" Did you ever know me to say anything I did 
710^ mean, father } " was her reply, and her father 
yielded. 

" Perhaps it is just as well that you should not 
know my whole plan, father," she said as she thanked 
him. " It may save you some trouble sometime to 
be able to say that you did not ; but I '11 bring the 
mails." And the next day she started for Boston to 
interview the British commander there. No one 
spoke unpleasantly to her, though more than one 
man, as she passed through the country between her 
home and her destination, asked her if she knew that 
the British had cut everybody off from Boston. 

" We know it," she replied ; " but our business is 
urgent." Her brother Billy was a nice-looking boy 
of fourteen, and very proud to be the esquire of his 
handsome sister ; but when they reached the British 



290 APPENDIX 

lines and were ushered into the presence of the re- 
doubtable commander, he felt that he should not 
have been equal to the occasion, as she was. 

"We have a relative living in Boston," she said, 
giving the name of an aunt of her mother's, I believe, 
who was old, not rich, and apparently not in a posi- 
tion to do anything to aid the provincials or to injure 
the British cause, " and we came to ask you for a per- 
mit to go unmolested through your lines to visit her 
sometimes, as she is old and lonely, and naturally 
feels very sad at being cut off from her friends." 

" What is your name ^ " inquired the officer. 

"Susanna Parker," she replied, "and this is my 
brother William. We live in the town of Concord." 

" Ah ! " said the officer, " I suppose your father and 
the rest of the family are among the men who are 
preparing to fight us whenever we make an onset." 

" No, sir," replied Nancy ; " my father is an invalid, 
and this is my only brother." She did not think it 
necessary to state that her father's invalidism had 
been caused by a British bullet. 

" Hum," said the officer, " I can give you one pass, 
but it would be too much of a risk to pass two at 
the same time. I will make out a permit for Miss 
Susanna Parker of Concord, and whenever you 
choose to present it, you will have safe transit through 
our lines. If you meet with any disrespect from the 
Regulars at any time, be so good as to notify me 
and I will attend to the matter." 

" Thank you, sir," said Susanna, making him a 
dignified curtsey ; " good-day, sir." And from that 
time on, through snow or over ground that was often 



APPENDIX 291 

frozen solid, twice every week until the evacua- 
tion of Boston she rode alone through the British 
lines to reach the house of her aged aunt. The mail 
from the village was sewed in small pockets made 
in the riding skirt which she wore, the pockets being 
so arranged in the facing that they could easily be 
sewed in and ripped out, and not likely to attract 
attention even if she were examined, which she never 
was. These letters were left to be taken in charore 
by a man who was interested in the American cause, 
who could come to the house of the old lady without 
exciting suspicion ; and the mail for the residents of 
Concord was sewed into the pockets and carried 
back, while the few newspapers were concealed, I 
think, under the " postilion," as it was afterward 
called, of the riding jacket which she wore. She 
always said that she never received a disrespectful 
look or rough word from either British or Ameri- 
can soldier or citizen, though she was several times 
stopped in Charlestown to be smoked or fumigated, 
lest she might disseminate the small-pox, of which 
there were some cases there. It was in this way that 
the people of her native town were kept informed of 
the progress of the war for some months, and there 
were doubtless many who had husbands or brothers 
or sons, if not lovers, in the army, who must have 
blessed her for her courage. Certainly her children, 
grandchildren, and great-grandchildren must all have 
felt proud to remember it, and to realize what her 
personal dignity must have been at the age of twenty 
or twenty-one. She was always a very reserved 
woman, never known to kiss any one outside of her 



292 APPENDIX 

own family, and rarely those within it, for she said 
that kissing always reminded her of Judas Iscariot. 
When told of the engagement of one of her grand- 
daughters when she herself was nearly eighty-four, 
she said, shaking her head, — 

" It is very shallow to be engaged so young ! " 

" Why, grandma," said the young lady, " how old 
were you when you were engaged ? " 

" I was — twenty — and a little over," replied Mrs. 
Lawrence with dignity, though she hesitated a little, 
and she made no more demur regarding the present 
engagement when her granddaughter responded, — 

" And I am twenty-one and a half, grandma." 

She was true as steel, and perhaps her reserve only 
made her more deeply loving ; for none of her children 
ever felt any lack of the truest affection, which was 
returned without stint, her sons delighting to recall 
the fact that she had a habit of coming to their rooms 
to kneel beside their beds for a moment of silent 
prayer, when she supposed them to be sleeping. 

She did not see her lover between the time of the 
battle of Lexington and some period in 1777, more 
than two years later, though he was, until the battle 
of Bunker Hill, with Colonel Prescott's troops, not 
many miles from her home ; but his letters kept her 
informed as to his health, and so far as possible as 
to what he was doing. 

Meanwhile the British forces were steadily increas- 
ing and making up their minds that victory would 
certainly be theirs. How could those raw recruits 
with small means, and more knowledge of the plough 
and the hoe than of gun and sword, hope to overcome 



APPENDIX 293 

King George's well-trained troops, with their modern 
equipments for war, their handsome uniforms, and 
the king's treasury to back them? And how could 
they dream that their ammunition could hold out 
against such men as Howe and Gage ? So they were 
coiling themselves like some huge reptile ready to 
make the spring which should be fatal to the poor 
little provincial army, which could hardly hope for 
many reinforcements while the other Colonies were 
beginning to be in danger from British soldiers and 
British ships. And meanwhile, too, Susanna Parker 
was spinning and weaving for the men who were 
fighting, instead of for her future home. Her letters 
to her lover were not such as to depress the young 
minute-man, and must have brought comfort to his 
heart, as he recalled their words while on the march, 
or trying to sleep when encamped somewhere for a 
night. 

CHAPTER III 

As the days passed until the 17th of June, Samuel 
Lawrence remained with Colonel Prescott's troops, 
and on the morning of that day their adversaries saw 
with amazement what the " raw recruits " had accom- 
plished in the way of intrenchments in a single night. 
They were greatly dismayed as well as surprised, 
but they were not daunted, for they came steadily 
on to receive the terrible fire of the Americans 
under the command of Colonel Prescott. Samuel 
Lawrence was one of his aids, and it was from his 
daughter Mary Lawrence, who was born in 1790, and 
who was alert and active until her sixty-ninth year, 



294 APPENDIX 

at which time the writer was sixteen, that the follow- 
ing information was received, though it was also 
given to her some years later by one of Major Law- 
rence's grandsons, who was then a man of sixty one 
or two, and who remembered his grandfather well, 
having passed much time in the old homestead in 
his youth. Samuel Lawrence and another man 
stood beside Colonel Prescott almost throughout the 
battle, steadying him on his horse, as he was feel- 
ing ill and afraid to trust himself to keep his seat, 
though his eye was steady, and he gave his orders in 
a cool, commanding voice. There have since his day 
been those who tried to prove that General Putnam, 
being his superior in rank, must have been in com- 
mand at Bunker Hill, and as a compromise some 
writers of history have said that both were practically 
in command ; but the writer, who has known person- 
ally descendants of both gallant commanders, and 
has no reason for partisan feeling, can only say that 
Samuel Lawrence's daughter heard from his own 
lips that as Massachusetts was not the only one of the 
Colonies where there was trouble, General Putnam 
did not reach the field of action with his reinforce- 
ments until the battle was practically decided, and 
that when Colonel Prescott offered to relinquish com- 
mand, he said, " The fight is as good as over, and you 
had better hold your men," which, it seems to the 
writer, reflects much more honor on the two officers, 
as well as on the battle itself, than does the idea that 
there was no particular head, but some parts of the 
battle were controlled by one, and some by another. 
Samuel Lawrence's grandson, when a man of some- 



APPENDIX 29s 

what over sixty, as has been said, remarked to the 
writer, " I don't say anything about it, for I number 
both Prescotts and Putnams among my friends, but 
that is what my grandfather always said ; " — and as 
he was a boy of thirteen, and his father a man of 
forty-one when Samuel Lawrence died, they had 
every reason to know. 
j After the battle of Bunker Hill, Samuel Lawrence 
was one of the men of whom Washington took com- 
mand under the Old Elm in Cambridge, and in 1777 
he was granted a brief furlough, when he visited his 
sweetheart. 

" Mr. Parker," he said to her father, " I wish that 
you would allow Susanna and me to be married be- 
fore I go back to the army. We have been en- 
gaged more than two years and a half, and she is 
I willing to marry me now if you will consent." 

"And what is to become of her while you are 
fighting ? " inquired Mr. Parker. " You do not ex- 
pect to take her with you ? " 

" No," said the young lover, " by no means, Mr. 
Parker. I expect that you will go on letting her live 
with you until I come to claim her; but I should like 
to think of her as my wife if I should be shot by a 
British bullet." 

Mr. Parker considered, and finally consented, say- 
ing, '* Well, Susanna, you might as well be Sam's 
widow as his forlorn damsel, if he should lose his 
life," and the wedding took place, though the minute- 
man went almost from the marriage vows to rejoin 
the army ; for while the service was in progress the 
alarm was given summoning all officers and privates 



296 APPENDIX 

back to their posts. This was in the latter part of 
July, 1777, and though later he was given another 
brief furlough, that second one was the last time he 
saw his wife until the term of his enlistment was over 
in 1778, at which period the battle-ground was no 
longer in Massachusetts, having taken to the south, 
so to speak. Upon returning to Massachusetts, he 
went at once to Mr. Parker's, no doubt with his heart 
full of longing for a sight of his wife and the son 
who had been born to him in the autumn of 1778. 

" Well, Mr. Parker," said he, after giving his ac- 
coutrements to Oliver to carry to his room, " I have 
come to claim my family." 

" Yes," replied Mr. Parker ; " but you don't expect 
to camp out, do you ? Where are you going to put 
your family, Sam ? " 

"That is the question," answered the major. I 
have preferred to think that he was called " major " 
by his fellow-townsmen until he was made an officer 
in the church at Groton, and received the more 
peaceful title of deacon, which at that day was con- 
sidered a very honorable one by the men of New 
England. It gave them the right to advise the 
pastor ; to pass the bread and wine when there was 
"a distribution of the Lord's Supper," as they ex- 
pressed it; to pass the long-handled contribution 
boxes down the many pews ; and to rap over the head 
any drowsy or inattentive boys, if it came in their 
way. The writer can remember those contribution 
boxes in Groton, though they were superseded' by 
smaller ones when she was in her teens. The dea- 
cons walked solemnly to the communion table, a 



APPENDIX 297 

common mahogany one such as might be seen in 
the hall or parlor of some of the better houses, 
and took those boxes, from just where she never 
discovered, though apparently from some place be- 
side the pulpit stairs by which the minister had 
ascended to the wide reading desk, which was a few 
feet, three or four at the least, from the long sofa on 
which at some great occasion, like an " installation," 
as it was called, four or five reverend gentlemen 
might be seen seated together, while one or two more 
occupied chairs placed at the head of the two short 
flig^hts of stairs. Then with the boxes the deacons 
went each to one side of the church and began by 
presenting his- box to the person at the inner end of 
the front pew, whom the long handle easily reached, 
then drawing it back to the next, and then to the 
next, until each occupant had made a deposit ; and 
unless they were children, woe betide those who did 
not put a coin or a bill in it, for the deacon waited so 
long and patiently that people in the other pews 
took note of the one who failed to make his or her 
contribution. After visiting all the pews in the body 
of the church in this manner, the deacons returned 
up the aisles, presenting the boxes, which a wag of 
a later day called "corn-poppers," to those in the 
wall-pews, and after the last ones had been visited, 
took them to the communion table, upon which they 
were placed with great solemnity, and the deacons 
returned to their own places, locking themselves 
carefully into their pews, after the manner of all 
the other worshippers, with the brass button which 
was on the outside of the door. But this was long 



298 APPENDIX 

after Deacon Lawrence's day, though it was in the 
same building in which he was given his office. We 
must go back to him, as he said, " That is the ques- 
tion " to Mr. Parker. 

" Of course my farm is run out," he went on, *' and 
my tools have rusted. I left my horse with one of 
the neighbors, who agreed to look after my cow, and 
the house was not fit for Susanna and the baby ; but 
I have saved up my pay, and I will go to Groton to- 
morrow and look about for a proper house for them. 
Perhaps I can exchange my farm there for a better 
one, with some cash in addition to it ; for some of my 
men had farms which were carried on by their sons 
or brothers while they were away. Will you be ready 
to leave your home here, Susanna, as soon as I can 
find one in Groton ? " 

" My home is wherever you think it best to make 
it, Sam," was the answer, and in due time the young 
couple, with their baby and Oliver Wentworth, began _ 
their housekeeping on a pleasant old farm, in a com- 
fortable dwelling. There was land enough to enable 
the captain to go on in the peaceful career which he 
had laid out for himself as a boy, and there his second 
son, Samuel, was born, in 178 1. A third son was 
born in 1783, and baptized William, and in 1786 a 
fourth one came and received his grandfather's name 
of Amos ; and in them all Oliver Wentworth felt the 
deepest interest, while for them all he had the strong- 
est affection. He doubtless mourned most sincerely, 
too, when Samuel, the second son, — and the only 
one of the minute-man's sons who did not outlive 
boyhood, — died. 



APPENDIX 299 

" Oliver," said Major Lawrence one day, " do you 
know how to make shoes ? " 

" Yes," replied Oliver ; " I worked in a shoe-shop 
quite a spell afore mother died." 

" Well," said the major, " I am thinking that if my 
children are to have shoes, I shall have to make them 
myself. I had to go to so much expense to stock 
the farm with tools and cattle, to say nothing of horse 
and vehicles, that I have n't made much headway." 

" I can make 'em some, if you '11 git the hides," 
responded Oliver ; " but they won't be very harnsome 
ones." 

" I expect to help you," said Major Lawrence. " I 
want you to show me how, Oliver. I can get the 
hides, and you must tell me what else we shall need." 

" Lasts," replied Oliver, " and awls and hammers, 
and lapstones, and luther aprons, with some coarse 
cloth for linin's, and shoe-thread, and I guess that's 
about all. I k'n make the wax and pegs myself." 

" Very well," said the major. " Then I '11 be a shoe- 
maker in the winter, Oliver, and you can help me. 
We shall have to have lasts for all the boys, and I 
guess I '11 have to make my own boots, if not shoes 
for Mrs. Lawrence." 

And after that nearly all the shoes worn by the 
former minute-man's family, and even some of those 
worn by his neighbor's children, were made by him 
and his devoted assistant until the close of the cen- 
tury, if not later. In 1 788 a girl arrived, and was 
baptized Susanna for her mother; and then Major 
Lawrence began to think that the house in which 
they lived was hardly adapted to the needs of his 



300 APPENDIX 

family. " Susanna," he said one day, " this place has 
done very well so long as we had only boys, but if 
we are going down the line with a company of girls, 
it strikes me that we might do better." 

" Yes, Samuel," replied Mrs. Lawrence, who, after 
having a son Sam, had begun calling her husband by 
the more dignified full name. 

" I was thinking," went on Major Lawrence, " of I 
the old Bolter place, where there are already so many 
fine trees. How would you like to live there .-* It is i 
in another district, but the school is close by, and the i 
children will have a long walk to go to school from 
here." 

" Yes, Samuel," answered Mrs. Lawrence ; " I have 
often thought of all you say, but can we afford to 
build ? " 

" Yes," replied the major; " I have been saving up 
all I could with that in my mind. Everybody does n't 
care as much for trees as we do, and that place is too 
good for some of the farmers to be able to buy it, and 
too far from the village for the people who could 
afford it. If you say so, I will make an offer for it, 
and begin to plan for a new house, so that we may 
sell this place as soon as possible. I shall build a 
shoe-shop in connection with it, too, so that Oliver 
and I can have a fire in the winter, and not need to 
be in your way in the house." 

So the land was bought and the house built, and 
the family, consisting of parents and children, Oliver 
Wentworth and a capable colored woman named 
Maria Hazard, who, though young, was strong and 
willing, moved into it, greatly to the comfort and 



APPENDIX 301 

convenience of all concerned; for it was well built, 
with fine cellar, dairy, and outhouses, besides accom- 
modation for future sons and daughters. One of the 
latter, who was afterward my informant regarding 
many of the facts contained in this narrative, ap- 
peared on the scene in 1 790, and was baptized Mary. 
She told me that her father never interfered with the 
discipline of his children, saying that their mother 
understood such things better than he did, and that 
he was always an affectionate father, as well as an 
indulgent one so far as his means would allow. The 
children, as fast as they were old enough, began 
attending the district school, and from that went to 
the Academy, which he had himself been instru- 
mental in establishing on a safe basis ; but he must 
often have felt harassed with his small means and 
growing family. In 1792 a fifth son was born, and 
received his grandmother Lawrence's maiden name 
of Abbott. In 1796 a third daughter was born, and 
was baptized Eliza, and, in 1801, came a sixth son, 
who was named Samuel, the first Samuel having 
died early, as has been stated. At this time Major 
Lawrence's son Luther had graduated from Harvard 
College, and was a handsome young man, with the 
dignified stature and bearing of his mother, as well as 
the fair skin and fine large blue eyes of both parents. 
Indeed, all the five sons and two daughters, who 
lived until the writer's day, were considered excep- 
tionally fine looking, and had what some called " the 
Lawrence blue eye," which was transmitted to their 
descendants, of whom I have known personally three 
generations. All but two of the minute-man's chil- 



302 APPENDIX 

dren were tall and finely proportioned, and those [ 
two, Mr. Amos Lawrence, and the daughter, Mrs. 
Mary Lawrence, whom I knew best, and who was 
born in 1790, were well proportioned, though one 
was. below the medium height for a man, and the ; 
other below that for a woman. Both had remarka- 
bly fine profiles, and were so full of interest in their 
kind that their expression was most attractive. 

CHAPTER IV 

" Father," said Mr. Luther Lawrence, after return- , 
ing from his last year in college, " I have made up l 
my mind to study law with Hon. Timothy Bigelow, 
if you do not object." 

" We will talk it over, — your mother and I," re- 
plied the major, who was still busy making shoes for 
his children in the winter, though his eldest son had 
been promoted to city-made boots and clothing ; and 
the result was that the young man went into Mr. 
Bigelow's law office, from which in due time he 
moved into one of his own. Not long after opening 
his own office, he built a nice old colonial house 
which still exists in Groton, though since his day 
it has been considered large enough to accommodate 
two families. But Major Lawrence could not afford 
to send another son through college, though, as has 
been said, both sons and daughters received the 
education gained in Groton Academy, and he was 
probably not sorry that his third son, Mr. William 
Lawrence, had a taste for farming, and was contented 
to assist him on the farm after leaving the Academy, 



APPENDIX 303 

in or near 1800. Mr. Amos Lawrence, the next in 
age, said, when it was his turn to graduate from an 
academic course, — 

"Father, I think I'll go into mercantile life, if you 
can get Mr. Brazer to take me into his store." 

•' Ask your mother what she says, Amos," was the 
reply. After saying, " I hope you have considered the 
dangers of such a life, Amos, and will seek higher 
counsel than mine," she put nothing in the way of 
the fulfilment of his wishes. Mr. Brazer's store 
was the most important one for miles around, and 
numbered among its customers people from many of 
the surrounding towns, and for some time the young 
man remained there ; but his fellow-clerks, of whom 
there were five, were not altogether congenial, so 
with a very small sum of money in his pocket he 
decided to seek employment in the city, where he 
secured a situation as clerk with a firm with whom 
Mr. Brazer, who was ready to give him a good char- 
acter for honesty, sobriety, industry, and capacity, had 
dealings frequently. There he discharged his duties 
with care and fidelity until invited to become a part 

il ner in the firm, when he announced his intention of 
going into business for himself, which he did. He 
was very successful, partly, no doubt, because he was 
true to the teachings of his father and mother, and 
gave away a certain portion of his income (much more 
than the Jewish tenth) yearly, besides adding in vari- 

'* ous ways to the comfort of his parents, so that Major 
Lawrence could say with truth, " Well, Susanna, we 
are surely very much blessed in our children." 

In 1804 01" 1805 Mr. Luther Lawrence, the lawyer, 



304 APPENDIX 

married the sister of the Hon. Timothy Bigelow, with 
whom he had studied for his profession, and built his 
house in Groton, as has been stated ah-eady, where he : 
lived for some years before removing to become an 
honored resident of a city of which he was mayor at 
the time of his death, when he left a widow and at 
least two daughters. A son and, I think, three other i 
children had died before that date, which was 1839. 
At the time of his marriage the little shoe-shop ad- 
joining the L of his father's house was still used by 
the minute-man and Oliver in the winter, and there 
were various little shelves existing in it when the 
writer w-as a child, on which were little blocks of 
wood, sawn transversely from a hardwood stick, 
which had been put there more than forty years 
before by either Major Lawrence or Oliver, to dry 
for shoe-pegs. I have heard that the neighbors said 
" Major Lawrence's pegs never drop out because he 
dries them so thoroughly before he uses them." But 
besides these little blocks and various other relics of 
shoemaking, — lasts, hammers, awls, etc., — the shop 
contained all the old iron that had accumulated in 
the household for as long a time as the shoe-pegs 
had lain there, — old gridirons, candlesticks, pots and 
kettles, wheel-tires, an old harrow and tools of various 
sorts, antiquated ploughshares, besides out-of-date 
lamps and a variety of old tinware, and it was for 
the purpose of ferreting out an old candlestick of 
brass or iron that the old lady who had been a baby 
in 1 790 took me into the shop with her. I had often 
sat on one of the steps leading up to the door and 
wished that I could see inside, that being the only 



APPENDIX 305 

place so locked from intrusion, apparently ; and as I 
I had seen something, I cannot now recall what, but 
something that had pleased my childish fancy, which 
some one said had been " rummaged out of the 
shop," I had an idea that it was a sort of Arabian 
Nights cavern, and was much disappointed to find 
it only a rubbish room. 

In 181 1 Major Lawrence's son Amos was married 
to a city-bred young lady, whose father wore a pow- 
dered wig and silver knee-buckles, with the finest of 
coats and knee-breeches, an embroidered waistcoat, 
and lace ruffles, while her mother wore a high crepe 
turban and a handsome brocade dress over a satin 
petticoat with a hoop, or something that made her 
skirt very botiffant. I have often seen their portraits, 
owned by one of their grandsons. This grandson, 
when old and infirm, used often to sit for hours 
listening to his reader, with his right leg crossed 
over the left, holding the right ankle in his hand, 
exactly as his grandfather was painted, and as it had 
been the older man's habit to sit, according to the 
statement of the old lady, Mary Lawrence Wood- 
bury, who gave me so much of the foregoing infor- 
mation. In fact, it was she who introduced her 
brother to the lady whom he afterward married ; for 
the city girl. Miss Sarah Richards, had been one of 
her schoolmates in Groton Academy, having, I think, 
boarded in the family of the pastor of the church. 
It was in 181 1 or early in 181 2, that two young men 
came one day to see Major Lawrence, who was at 
that time called Deacon Lawrence. They had been 
for some time studying law with his son Luther, and 



3o6 APPENDIX 

had previously been fellow-townsmen and later class- 
mates in college, and the elder one went at once to 
the point for which he had come. 

" Deacon Lawrence," he said, " I came to ask you 
if I may have your daughter Susanna." 

" My Susanna ! " exclaimed the deacon in astonish- 
ment. *' Why, she 's not — Why, I don't want to get 
rid of her ! " 

" No, sir," replied the young suitor, " but I am 
ready to start as a lawyer, and I love Miss Susanna. 
Will you give her to me ? " 

" I '11 ask her mother," replied Deacon Lawrence. 
" She is the one to say." 

And then the other young man spoke. He was 
a few weeks younger than the first speaker, and he 
said: 

" And I came to ask you for Miss Mary, Deacon 
Lawrence. I have been for a long time looking 
forward to asking you. I fell in love with her when 
I first heard her and Miss Susanna sing in church. 
They are both fine singers, Deacon Lawrence." 

•' Yes, yes," replied the amazed father, " but I 
have n't thought them old enough to marry yet awhile. 
To be sure Mary is as old as her mother was when I 
married her, and Susanna is older ! Well, I '11 ask 
their mother and let you know. My son Luther 
thinks a great deal of you, and we haven't any fault 
to find with either of you." 

And the result was that at as speedy a date as 
possible both the young ladies were engaged. I can 
well believe that a lover of music might have been 
attracted by their voices, for it was recorded that a 



APPENDIX 307 

distinguished man of that day wrote later to a friend 
that Deacon Lawrence's two older dauf^hters were 
fine singers. The other daughter may have had a 
musical ear, but I never heard of her crivinor it vocal 
expression, which does not prove that she never did. 
If the daughter Mary sang as well for a young girl 
as she did for a lady of sixty, her voice must have 
been remarkable; for at that period and even later it 
was true and clear and sweet, not only in such hymns 
as — 

" Hush, my dear, lie still and slumber ! 
Holy angels guard thy bed. 
Heavenly blessings without number 
Gently fall upon thy head." 

and 

"When I can read my title clear 
To mansions in the skies, 
I '11 bid farewell to every fear, 
And wipe my weeping eyes," 

which she sansf to an old revival tune that involved 
the repetition of the third line, when the fourth line 
came again, and then the words 

" Oh ! that will be joyful, joyful, joyful, 

Oh ! that will be joyful, when we meet to part no more. 

When we meet to part no more. 

On Canaan's happy shore ; 
'T is there we meet at Jesus' feet 

When we meet to part no more ; " 

which two hymns I often heard her sing through to 
her infant grandchildren; not only in these but in 
some spirited hunting songs which I never heard 
sung by any one else, her voice was well worth hear- 
ing. The songs were as follows: 



3o8 APPENDIX 

" The dusky night rides down the sky, 
And ushers in the morn. 
The hounds all join the jovial cry, 
The hounds all join the jovial cry, 
And the huntsman winds his horn. 
Then a-hunting we will go, 
A-hunting we will go, 
A-hunting we will go to-day, 
A-hunting we will go. 

" The wife about her husband throws 

Her arms, to make him stay. 
' My dear, it rains, it hails, it blows, 
My dear, it rains, it hails, it blows. 
You must not go to-day.' 
But a-hunting we will go, 
A-hunting we will go, 
A-hunting we will go to-day, 
A-hunting we will go. 

" Sly Reynard now like lightning flies, 
And speeds across the vale. 
But when the hounds too near he spies, 
But whe-n the hounds too near he spies. 
He drops his bushy tail. 
Then a-hunting we will go. 
A-hunting we will go, 
A-hunting we will go to-day, 
A-hunting we will go. 

^ Poor Reynard now to faintness worn, 
In terror ceases flight. 
And happy homeward we return, 
And happy homeward we return. 
To feast away the night. 
And a-feasting we will go, 
A-feasting we will go, 
A-feasting we will go to-night, 
A-feasting we will go." 

The next one was, though I recall but one verse 

" At dawn Aurora gaily breaks, 
In all her proud attire. 



APPENDIX 309 

Majestic o'er the glassy lakes 

Reflecting liquid fire. 
All Nature smiles to usher in 

The blushing Queen of Morn, 
And huntsmen with the day begin, 

To wind the mellow horn, 

The mellow horn, the mellow horn, 
And huntsmen with the day begin 

To wind the mellow horn." 

A third was : 

" A southerly wind and a cloudy sky 
Proclaim it a hunting morning. 
Before the sun rises, away we '11 fly, 

Dull sleep and a drowsy bed scorning. 
To horse, my brave lads, and away ! 

Bright Phoebus the hills is adorning. 
The face of all Nature looks gay, 

'Tis a beautiful scent-laying morning. 
Hark! Hark! Forward! 

Tantara, tantara, tantara ! 
Hark ! Hark ! Forward ! 
Tantara, tantara, tantara! " 

And all were sung with the spirit of a young girl. 

Not long after the engagement of their two daugh- 
ters came the heaviest blow that had ever fallen upon 
the minute-man and his wife ; for the eldest one, 
Susanna, went to visit her brother, Amos Lawrence, 
at his city home, was taken suddenly and seriously 
ill, and died before they could be informed of her 
illness in time to reach her. It was a very severe 
shock to all the family ; for she was, her sister Mary 
told me, much like their mother, and they all looked 
up to her as the eldest daughter. Perhaps Mary felt 
her death even more than the others, and it certainly 
produced a great change in her views of life and in 
her habits. The family had been a very hospitable 



3IO APPENDIX 

one, and for the times a rather gay one, as so many 
good-looking young people were sure to be in demand, 
and Susanna and Mary, as well as their brothers, 
William and Abbott, and very possibly their lovers, 
had often helped to make up a merry party which 
drove to some neighboring town for a ball or smaller 
gathering. But after her sister's death Mary pre- 
ferred home to any such gayeties. Very soon, too, 
she had a trial of her own, to which only one other 
beside her older brothers had the key, and of which 
she never spoke to any one. The young lawyer to 
whom she was engaged, having in some way come 
into possession of land in one of the then Western 
States, wished to begin upon his legal career there, 
and expected her to go with him, which perhaps she 
might have done, as she was but a little over twenty- 
two, had not the advice of her older brothers led her 
to feel that, as the eldest living daughter, she had 
a duty to her mother, as well as to her lover. It 
seemed to them almost as much a cutting herself off 
from her parents as it would now if Australia, or at 
least Japan, were the country in question, and they 
all three said : " Father and mother are both nearly 
sixty years old, and Eliza is scarcely more than a 
child. You would regret very much going so far 
away from home, if anything should happen to either 
of them," and as her lover felt that he could not view 
the case with their eyes, her engagement was, by 
mutual consent, broken. No one of the next genera- 
tion had ever heard of this engagement until one of 
the younger members of it, singularly enough, mar- 
ried a son of the rejected lover, and through her 



APPENDIX „, 

^ husband's father, who before his death put her in 
possession of some old letters, learned not only of 
that, but that after he had married and become a 
widower, he offered himself to her again years later, 
when she was a widow with one child. She had 
always disliked the idea of widows who had children 
marrying a second time, especially when, as in this 
case, there were children on the other side, and 
she refused him. When after having heard from the 
lady mentioned above the account of her early en- 
gagement, the writer asked her a meaningly leading 
question about a book with his name in it in her 
library, though she blushed like a girl, she answered 

I as briefly as possible, which looked as if she had not 
altogether outgrown her early romance. Before her 
marrias:e she had refused another offer from a jren- 

I tleman who w^as later a very prominent man in his 

' native State, as her first lover became in his own 
State and in Washington also. She was said to have 
been remarkably good at repartee, which usually 
makes a pretty girl attractive, and though I was told 
that when young her repartees were sometimes 
mixed with sarcasm, she had either overcome or out- 
grown it before I knew her. She was a bright, alert, 
and kind-hearted old lady, a great reader, too, enjoy- 
ing such books as Macaulay's Essays and histories, 
and Prescott's works, with Irving's " Life of Washing- 
ton," much more than she did stories, though she was 
familiar with the old-fashioned novels of Miss Austen, 
Miss Edgeworth, and Madame D'Arblay, and was 
an admirer of many of Sir Walter Scott's works. 



312 APPENDIX 

CHAPTER V 

Within the next year or two another gap was 
made in the minute-man's family circle by the de- 
parture of his son Abbott to go into business in the 
metropolis with his brother Amos, leaving but four 
of the nine children he had had, still in the home- 
stead: two sons, one of them over thirty and the 
other about fourteen; and two daughters, aged re- 
spectively twenty-four and eighteen. But Amos had 
been so successful, and was moreover so thoroughly 
faithful to every smallest duty, as well as to the larger 
ones, that it was doubtless a constant source of thank- 
fulness to his parents that his younger brother could 
be with him, instead of going to a stranger. Certain 
it is that the younger brother also showed remark- 
able capacity in business affairs, as well as in what- 
ever he undertook, and was a power in his day. In 
1 8 19 he married a niece of his eldest brother's wife, 
Miss Katharine Bigelow, daughter of Hon. Timothy 
Bigelow, before mentioned, and considered by every 
one an unusually " good match," as the saying was, 
for any one. 

The young lawyer who had been engaged to Miss 
Susanna Lawrence had been so much overcome by 
her death that he gave up his legal profession and 
studied for the ministry, going, after his ordination, 
to be settled over a small country parish at some dis- 
tance from Groton ; but he had always kept up by 
correspondence and otherwise his connection with 
Deacon Lawrence's family, certainly with Mr. Luther 
Lawrence, and five years after his fiancee's death he 



APPENDIX 3,^ 

came to Groton for a visit. Either then or shortly 
afterward he found the younger daughter, Mary, who 
had given up his friend, so attractive, that he asked 
her to marry him, and as his parish was not so far 
from her parents that she could not go home easily 
in case of emergency, as her sister was now a grown 
woman, and, furthermore, as the experience of the 
past few years had deepened her own character, mak- 
ing her more thoughtful of the needs of others than 
she was at the time of her earlier romance, and more 
desirous to do something for the spread of religion, 
she accepted him after due consideration, was mar- 
ried in the late summer of 18 18, and went to be the 
mistress of a small country parsonage, with only one 
young girl as assistant. 

And then another sorrow fell upon the minute- 
man and his wife ; for in the following spring a chaise 
arrived at their door, and in answer to the " Who 's 
there ? " which Deacon Lawrence called from his 
chamber window, his daughter's voice said, " It is 
Samuel [Rev. Samuel Woodbury] and I, father; 
Samuel is ill." He hastened to admit them, but the 
minister, who had inherited, as people thought in that 
day, the seeds of consumption, was so worn out from 
the inroads it had made upon him that early in July 
he died in the house where ten months before he had 
been married, and where late in September his little 
daughter was born. His widow had no other home 
from that time until her death more than forty-one 
years later, for after the death of both her parents 
three of her brothers bought the estate, and three 
years after, one ; seven years after, the second, and 



314 APPENDIX 

ten years after, the third, arranged by will that she 
should have a home there for life, if she wished, be- 
sides leaving her such large legacies that she was 
able to live in affluence. Her little girl, the only 
one of Deacon Lawrence's granddaughters who ever 
passed much time in the house before his death, was 
a great pleasure and pet for both him and his wife, 
who were both nearing their threescore and ten years, 
he being sixty-five and Mrs. Lawrence sixty-four when 
she was born ; and I remember hearing her say more 
than once that they were most gentle and affectionate 
grandparents, neither of them ever interfering with 
her mother's methods of bringing her up, excepting 
that he would sometimes wish to give her at the ta- 
ble something that he considered a dainty, and if her 
mother objected, would respond, " Tut, tut, it will 
do her good, Mary," though he forebore to proffer it 
again. As in one instance, at least, it was a bit of 
bacon, and her mother had to the end of her days a 
horror of every sort of fatty food, it is not strange 
that the little girl was not fed upon such dainty mor- 
sels, which would hardly have left her the beautiful, 
clear, red and white complexion shown in a portrait 
of her painted at sixteen by the same artist who 
painted those of her grandmother and her mother, a 
man quite noted at that day. This portrait she never 
liked herself ; for she had, I have heard, a remarkably 
beautiful smile, which the painter desired to catch for 
his picture, to which end he told her some amusing 
stories, and paid her some audacious compliments, 
producing a result which most people admired, but 
which she and her mother also always declared to be 



APPENDIX 3,- 

unnatural. I have heard that she was considered a 
very handsome girl, not only in her native town, but 
by those who saw her at the homes of her uncles in 
the metropolis. When she was born, she was Dca- 
con Lawrence's tenth grandchild ; as he already had 
three grandsons, — one being the son of his eldest 
son Luther, and the others Amos's sons, aged respec- 
tively seven and a half and five and a half years; 
while Luther had had four daughters, one of whom 
died in infancy, Amos one, and Abbott one. In 
1822 there were eleven grandchildren, another, a boy, 
having been born in Abbott's household, and during 
that year William Lawrence, who had, soon after his 
brother Abbott's marriage, left the farm and gone to 
Boston to become a successful merchant, married the 
only daughter of his partner in business, a rich man 
who was past sixty and willing to have the business 
in younger hands. 

In 1823 there was another grandson in Deacon 
Lawrence's family line, for William's first child was 
born. During that year Miss Eliza Lawrence, who 
must have been a strikingly handsome young woman, 
as she had perfectly regular features, large blue eyes, 
and wavy hair, with a tall and dignified form in her 
later years, was married to a very fine looking young 
man of old and aristocratic antecedents, whom she 
had met while visiting her brothers in the city, and 
the home family was reduced to the two old people 
and the widow and her little daughter ; for the young- 
est son had some time previously left the nest to fit 
himself for a business life. 

Oliver Wentworth was still one of the household, 



3i6 APPENDIX 

though growing old like his employers, and he felt a 
most affectionate interest in the rising generation of 
Lawrences. The sons of Mr. Amos Lawrence, and 
some of the other grandsons of Deacon Lawrence, al- 
ways spoke of him and addressed him as Uncle Oliver 
in his later years, and gradually that became the name 
by which he was alluded to by many others of the 
minute-man's descendants, who as long as he lived 
were in the habit of going to see him, and have a lit- 
tle chat with him about old times, whenever they 
were near enough. 

There was also a colored woman, a descendant, or 
at least a connection of the Maria Hazard who had 
been in Mrs. Lawrence's service in the early days of 
her housekeeping, who had been the nurse of the 
widowed Mary's little daughter, and who remained in 
the family in some one capacity or another for several 
years. Her brother, whom the writer remembers as 
the oldest negro she ever saw, and a most respecta- 
ble man, who was as regularly in a seat in one of the 
wall-pews at the right-hand side of the pulpit as the 
minister was in his place in the pulpit itself, was, so far 
back as 1823, often called upon for various services 
in the Lawrence household, and once saved a grand- 
son of the Deacon's — a somewhat venturesome little 
lad — from drowning, by jumping into the river on 
which the boy had gone out in a leaky boat, and swim- 
ming: ashore with him. The victim of the accident, 
Amos Adams Lawrence, told me the circumstances 
himself, saying that at the time the reproofs which he 
received from his grandparents and aunts made much 
more impression upon him than did the fact that he 



APPENDIX 317 

owed his life to the kind-hearted negro; but if that were 
so, he made up for it in later years, for he bought and 
gave to Peter Hazard the Httle farm which he (Peter) 
had hired and become attached to, and when Peter was 
too old to be able to work it, sent a sum of money regu- 
larly to a responsible person in Groton, to be used for 
Peter's support until the old colored man died at the 
age of one hundred years. It was questioned by some 
of the residents of the town whether Peter would have 
been so regular an attendant at public worship had it 
not been that his benefactor, in his desire to make up 
to him for the lack of helpful surroundings, kept Mrs. 
Joshua Green (Deacon Lawrence's youngest daugh- 
ter, who had, after living for a few years in the inte- 
rior of the State, come to occupy a pleasant house in 
Groton, which was in 1850, or thereabouts, replaced 
by a more convenient and handsomer one) supplied 
with tobacco, of which she was instructed to give Pe- 
ter a certain amount whenever he had been at church 
and came to claim it after the services were over. 
However that may have been, his well-dressed and 
well-built figure was seldom missing in its accustomed 
seat when I attended what was called the Orthodox 
Church in Groton; but as Mrs. Green was also a 
most charitable person, and doubtless supplemented 
her nephew's gift with tea, sugar, and even with more 
substantial things, as I have heard she did, it must 
have been a powerful addition to the attraction of his 
seat in the meetin2:-house. His wife was included in 
his benefactor's bounty, as his support and hers as 
well were considered in its amount, and both Mrs. 
Green and Mrs. Woodbury were in the habit of visit- 



3i8 APPENDIX 

ing them, and keeping their nephew informed regard- 
ing them, though when he passed a day in Groton he 
always went himself to see him. Peter's sister, Lucy 
Hazard, once told the little girl whose nurse she had 
been, and who repeated it to me herself, that she 
would thankfully be skinned alive if she could only 
turn white by the means; which shows how much 
unhappiness Noah's second son was probably ac- 
countable for. 

The minute-man lived on his quiet, useful life, be- 
loved and respected by every one, and helping, so far 
as lay in his power, every good cause, until the year 
1827, when he had an attack of apoplexy or paralysis, 
— I think the latter, as his illness was a brief one, — 
and he died in November of that year, at the age of a 
little over seventy-three years and six months. He 
had lived to see all his five sons successful and hon- 
ored in their various positions ; three of them were 
on the way to be ranked among the richest men of 
their day, and one of them was destined to serve his 
country in a high office ; while there was not one of 
his children who could not count " hosts of friends " 
among the cultured and the educated, the rich and 
the poor, the honored and the unknown. What 
wonder if he said to the wife who had shared his joys 
and his sorrows, his cares and his successes, for within 
a few months of half a century, " Susanna, we have 
had the best blessings of this world, and we will look 
forward to sharing some of those which the next can 
give." He rested from his labors, and his works fol- 
lowed him. After his death his sons felt that it was 
not right for their mother and sister to have the care 



J 



APPENDIX 2 

of Oliver in his old age, especially as he had begun 
to be sadly afflicted with rheumatism. As he him- 
self expressed it, when asked by people in the town. 
" How are you nowadays ? " "I 'm pretty well as 
to my bodily health, but I 'm most eat up with the 
rheumatiz." So they built a convenient little house 
for him on the grounds and fronting the road, as did 
the homestead, and gave the rent of it to a respectable 
widow with three daughters, with the understanding 
that he was to have the best of care. That he re- 
ceived it there is no reason for doubting, and there 
until his death, which took place at the age of ninety- 
five, Deacon Lawrence's children, grandchildren, and 
even some of his great-grandchildren, often visited 
him. I myself saw him more than once in the pleas- 
ant room which had been designed especially for his 
own use ; but at that time he was so infirm that if I 
had asked him any questions- as to the past he would 
hardly have been able to give me much information, 
and I can only remember that he said, " So Miss 
Woodbury said you might come to see me ! Well, 
well." 

As I have said so much about this one of Deacon 
Lawrence's family, Mrs. Mary Lawrence Woodbury, 
whom I knew best, it seems right to add something 
about those of his other children whom I remember. 
Mr. Luther Lawrence died before I was born ; but I 
recall perfectly seeing his widow in 1S49, at which 
time I was five years old and living in Groton, where 
she came with Mrs. Woodbury to call on my mother, 
who had been an intimate friend of a daughter of 
hers, whose death had occurred a year or so before. 



320 APPENDIX 

She won my heart by having brought me an exquisite 
little fan, with carved ivory sticks and a delicate gilt 
pattern on a white ground for the fan part, and, 
though I was not allowed to use it, excepting on the 
very infrequent occasion of a children's party, I was 
exceedingly proud of it. I recall her as tall, rather 
portly, dressed in the deepest black I had ever seen, 
with a long crepe veil. Mrs. Woodbury always wore 
black, but it never impressed me as did Mrs. Luther 
Lawrence's. Mr. William Lawrence I can just re- 
member, though I fear I should have no recollection 
of his handsome, kindly face, had it not been for a 
portrait and bust seen later. His figure I seem to 
see perfectly as it looked when I was between three 
and four years old, nearer three than four. He had 
asked my parents to bring my older brother and my- 
self to see a procession which was to pass his house, 
fronting Boston Common, and on our way thither we 
had stopped to call on a friend of my mother's who 
had a little boy a few months younger than my five 
and one-half year old brother. This boy was in his 
nursery, playing with a large Noah's ark, which he 
showed to us, and when we left he very politely pre- 
sented me with a green bird which had attracted my 
fancy. I can see it now, stiff and unshapely and of 
a peculiar shade of green which I do not think any 
bird's plumage ever exhibited, but at the time I 
thought it beautiful, and when, as I sat in my 
mother's lap in Mr. William Lawrence's window, 
watching the procession, with my hands on the sill, 
it suddenly slipped from my grasp and fell into the 
little grassy yard, inclosed with an iron fence, below, 



ik. 



APPENDIX 3,1 

I was quite heartbroken. I can remember crying, and 
that my mother tried to hush me, and I can distinctly 
recall Mr. Lawrence's figure as he climbed over the 
iron railing which ran up the steps, and then climbed 
back again with the little bird. He was then sixty- 
six years old, and though I did not until I was older 
know that all those who saw him were much dis- 
tressed that a man of his years, and as heavy as he 
was, should attempt such a feat, I always loved him 
from that day. I do not think I ever saw him aeain. 
I for he died in the following year; but even a child of 
the age I had reached remembers such a kindly act. 
His widow I remember seeing once afterward, when 
I may have been seven or eight years old, and I 
recall a gentle, sweet-faced woman ; but as she was 
delicate, her companion devoted herself to me while 
my father talked with her. This companion, a hand- 
some young lady, whose father, a rich and prominent 
Southerner in his lifetime, had died, leaving two 
accomplished daughters thrown upon their own re- 
sources, I always recalled with great regard ; for she 
not only gave me some very delicious candies on that 
occasion, but she more than once sent some boxes of 
confectionery to my brother and myself, and I re- 
member being greatly pleased when some time later I 
was told that she was engaged to be married to a 
cousin of my mother's. 

Mr. Amos Lawrence I remember seeing once or 
twice before his death in 1852, but he was an invalid 
at that time. Both my brother and I had to thank 
him for more than one entertaining book in our 
juvenile library. His widow I saw in 1S64, when 



322 APPENDIX 

she was so gratified by a spontaneous call which I 
paid her, which she said she should not have ex- 
pected from a young girl not quite out of her teens, 
that she gave me some money with the request that 
I would buy a handsome hand bag, as she was an 
invalid and could not go out to select it. She was 
not Mr. Lawrence's first wife, but his children all 
respected her and treated her as they would have 
treated their own mother, who had died when the 
eldest was a boy of but seven years old. She died in 
the late fall of 1866. 

The next one to Mrs. Woodbury, of Deacon Law- 
rence's children, Mr. Abbott, was, I believe, the hand- 
somest one of all, and certainly I never saw a man of 
his age as handsome as he was in 1854, when I saw 
him last. Even at ten years of age, he struck me as 
a very remarkable looking man, with his beautifully 
cut features, which, however, had nothing of effemi- 
nacy about them, his fine eyes, smooth face, well- 
proportioned figure, and elegant manners. He had 
then but lately returned from a high diplomatic 
position in Europe. His wife I saw once or twice 
after his death, and both my brother and I had a 
number of things which were proofs of her thought- 
fulness of others. Among other things there were 
a small book, with several illustrations in colors of a 
" Lord Mayor's Show " which she had witnessed in 
London, and in which there were Beef-eaters and 
Highlanders, and others, so accurately depicted, that 
I at once recognized one of the former (who admit- 
ted me with some friends to the Tower in 1885), and 
a " Thumb Bible," a tiny book about two inches 



APPENDIX 323 

square with an embossed leather binding and silver 
clasp. This little book contained a verse from every 
book in the Bible, each one being put down in its 
order, — Genesis, Exodus, etc. I was told by an 
English lady in 1895 that it would command a high 
price in England then ; for there had never been but 
the one edition, which was gotten up by an enterpris- 
ing bookseller just after America's celebrated dwarf, 
Tom Thumb, had paid his first (and last, I think) 
visit to England, and had been presented by Queen 
Victoria with the little coach and two white ponies 
with which he entered Groton in 1850, a little before 
Mrs. Abbot Lawrence sent from London by mail 
the two books mentioned above. 

Mrs. Joshua Green comes next in order to Mr. 
Abbott Lawrence. As I have said, she was a very 
handsome woman, and after her death I was told that 
in her youth her hand and arm were considered par- 
ticularly beautiful, both in shape and proportion. I 
know that her hands were beautiful, even in old age, 
and I admired her very much. Her gifts to me were 
apt to be flowers, of which even as a child I was very 
fond ; but there were few with whom she had even a 
speaking acquaintance who could not have told of 
some kindness received from her. Her husband was 
always more or less of an invalid, but he was a strik- 
ingly fine looking man till the close of his life, or 
until I saw him last in 1870, after which time I never 
saw Mrs. Green, who died in 1874. 

Mr. Samuel Lawrence, the last of the minute-man's 
children, died in 1880, in his eightieth year. I le was 
also a very fine looking man, and one of the tallest of 



324 APPENDIX 

the brothers. One of his daughters and I had been 
playmates and warm friends as children ; but I did 
not see her for seventeen years, until, in 1872, a 
cousin, or rather a second cousin, of mine went to 
live in the place where Mr. Samuel Lawrence soon 
after took a house, and in the spring of 1874 I was 
invited to visit my old playmate. I had always heard 
that Mr. Lawrence had a peculiarly winning manner, 
and a power of attracting people to him, and one 
could not be in the house with him without becoming 
aware of it. Genial and affectionate, unselfish, and 
with d cheerfulness that had borne up against busi- 
ness disappointments, as well as other personal trials, 
it was a delight to talk with him, and to witness the 
respect in which he was held by the residents of the 
pretty country town in which he had come to end his 
days, and apart from his unvarying kindness to my- 
self there were many things which drew out my re- 
spect and affection. I recall, for one thing, that he 
was late for dinner one Sunday, a most unusual thing 
with him, for he was, and liked to have others, per- 
fectly punctual. Upon coming in after the meal had 
been some time under way, he answered his wife's re- 
mark that she should have been anxious about him in 
a few moments, with, " You see I wanted to be sure 
that that little Comstock girl was not seriously ill, 
and it was farther than I thought." The little girl 
in question — the daughter of a man who owned a 
saw-mill in the place — had been faint and her par- 
ents took her out of church and did not return, so 
that old gentleman of nearly seventy-four had walked 
a long distance to see about her. I can only wish 



APPENDIX 335 

that the minute-man might have hved to see this 
son's beautiful wife, the only one of those who mar- 
ried into his family whom he did not know ; but Mr. 
Lawrence did not marry as early as most of his bro- 
thers and sisters did. In 1 833 he married a Baltimore 
lady (Miss Alison Turnbull) of a little over twenty, 
who was the light of his eyes and the joy of his heart 
for almost fifty years. Lovely in face and character, 
accomplished and winning, she made innumerable 
admirers in her Northern home, which she gave 
up bravely to share her husband's misfortunes when 
a sudden shock overthrew his business; and in a 
smaller sphere she won the love and admiration of 
all, and my every recollection of her is of a most 
beautiful woman, a tender and devoted wife, a loving 
and sympathetic mother, and a bright, entertaining 
friend, while the latter part of my acquaintance with 
her gave me an insight into the deep religious prin- 
ciple which had sustained her through more trials 
than fall to the lot of most. 

I might go on to relate pleasant things about the 
grandchildren and two other generations of descend- 
ants of the minute-man, and their husbands and 
wives, but they numbered so many that I must re- 
frain, merely stating that his lineal descendants in 
1844, when his widow was still living, were forty-five, 
while those who had married into the family were 
fourteen. In 1889 the former had increased to one 
hundred and seventy, and the latter to fifty-one. 
there being seventy-two of his great-great-grandchil- 
dren. His faithful wife died in 1845, having outlived 
him eighteen years, so that she was in her ninetieth 



326 APPENDIX 

year. Her strongest wish, at her life's close, was that 
her children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren 
should serve the same Master who had been her's and 
her husband's, and surely they had every right to 
" arise and call her blessed." 






INDEX 



INDEX 



The numbering of the Genealogy is reproduced in this Index in heavy- 
faced figures. ' 



Abbott, Abigail, 6. 

Nehemiah, 6. 

Sarah (Foster), 6. 
Adams, Amos, 25, 30, 37-40. 

Elizabeth (Paine), 38. 

Elizabeth (Prentiss), 30, 38. 

Henry, 37. 

Jemima (Morse), 37. 

John, 221. 

Dea. John, 221. 

Sarah, 30, 35-37. 

Sarah (Chauncy), 38, 40. 

Susanna (Boylston), 221. 
Adan, John Richardson, 35. 
Aikens, James, 164. 

Mercy, 164. 
Allen, Rachel, 95. 
Amory, Alice, 194, 196. 

Ann (Elliott), 197. 

Ann (Wier), 199. 

Hannah (Linzee), 159. 

Hugh, 197. 

Katherine (Greene), 179. 

Katharine Leighton, 201. 

Katharine Leighton (Crehore), 201. 

James Sullivan, 199. 

John, 179. 

Jonathan, 198. 

Jonathan (2d), 199. 

Margery Sullivan, 201. 

Marianne Appleton (Lawrence), 
113, 106, 196, 201. 

Martha, 198. 

Mary Copley, 201. 

Mehetable (Sullivan), 199. 

Rebecca, 179. 

Rebecca (Holmes), 198. 

Rebecca (Houston), 198. 

Robert, ic6, 196, 200-202. 

Robert, Jr., 201 

Susan, 153. 



Amory, Thomas, 197. 

Thomas (2d), 198. 

Thomas (3d), 199, 

Thomas Coffin, 159. 
Anderson, Edward ClifTord, 149. 

Jane Margaret (Randolph), 149. 

Margaret Randolph, 149. 
Andrews, Anna (Rankin), 16. 

Samuel, 16. 
Appleton, Catharine Lawrence, 75, 
77- 

Catharine (Lawrence), 14, 14, 76. 

Charles Tilden, 14, 76. 

Elizabeth Lawrence, 76, 77. 

Elizabeth (Means), 191. 

Elizabeth (Sawyer), 119. 

Hannah (Paine), 118. 

Helen LawTence, 80, 78. 

Hephzibah, 1 19. 

Isaac, 119. 

Maj. Isaac, 119. 

Jane, 192. 

Jesse, 191. 

Joanna, 170. 

Joseph, 1 19. 

Judith (Everard), 118. 

Martha, 118. 

Mary Anne (Cutler), 106. 

Mary (Hook), 120. 

Mary (Oliver), 118. 

Priscilla (Baker), 119. 

Samuel, 1 18. 

Col. Samuel, 118. 

Sarah Elizabeth, 106, m, 1:1. 

William, 106, 120, 121. 

William de, 118. 
Applin, Jane, 49, 

Appulton, or Appleton, John, IiS. 
Arnold, Abigail, 213. 
Atherton, Catherine, 187, I90, 19J. 

Joshua, 192. 



33° 



INDEX 



Atkinson, Hannah, 205. 

Susanna, 205. 

Thomas, 205. 
Austin, Gertrude Blake, 216. 

Joseph, 216. 

Austin, Mary B., 216. 

Polly, 233. 

Romeo, 216. 

Sallie Blake, 216. 

Sarah C. (Blake), 216. 

Baker, Elizabeth, 108. 

Mary, 107. 

Nathaniel, 107. 

Priscilla, 119. 

Sarah (Lane), 107. 

Thomas, 119. 
Baldwin, Henrietta Perkins, 249. 

Roger Sherman, 249. 
Banks, A. Bleecker, 59. 

Harriet Lloyd, 58. 

Phoebe (Wells), 59. 
Barney, Benjamin, 151. 

Elizabeth, 151. 

Lydia (Starbuck), 151. 
Basset, Elizabeth H., 81. 
Batchelder, Susanna, 4. 

William, 4. 
Baxter, Joseph, 214. 

Sarah, 212, 214. 
Becket, John, 211. 

Rebecca (Beadle), 211. 

Sarah, 211. 
Belcher, Edward, 229. 

Sarah, 229. 
Bent, Abigail, 94. 

Agnes, 211. 
Bigelow, Anna (Andrews), 13, 16, 17, 

56. 

Daniel, 16. 

Ehzabeth (Whitney), 16. 

Katharine, 49, 54. 

Lucy, 13. 

Lucy (Prescott), 49, 57. 

Col. Timothy, 13, 16, 17, 56. 

Hon. Timothy, 49, 54, 56, 57. 
Bishop, Sarah, 129. 
Blake, Abigail (Arnold), 213. 

Agnes, 212. 

Deborah (Smith), 213. 

Edward, 213. 

Elizabeth C, 212, 213. 

Ehzabeth (Chandler), 213, 216. 

Francis, 212, 213, 216. 

Joseph, 213. 



Blake, Joseph, Jr., 213. 

Joshua, 216. 

Mary (Welland), 213. 

Patience (Pope), 213. 

Sarah C, 216. 

Solomon, 213. 

William, 212. 
Boardman, Sarah, 211. 
Bontwell, Mary, 205. 
Bordman, Aaron, 23. 

Andrew, 23. 

Ehzabeth ( Davis), 1 7, 24. 

Sarah (Goddard), 23. 

Susan Ruggles, 17, 24. 

William, the emigrant, 23. 

Dea. William, 23. 

William, 17, 23, 24. 
Bowlker, Katharine Lowell (Roose- 
velt), 174. 

Thomas James, 174. 
Boyd, Mary, 194. 
Boylston, Ann, 221. 

Elizabeth, 221. 

Mary (Gardner), 205. 

Peter, 221. 

Sarah, 205. 

Susanna, 221. 

Thomas, 205. 
Brace, Anna Pierce, 109. 
Bradford, Sarah, 108. 
Bradstreet, Ann (Dudley), 233. 

John, 233. 

Sarah (Perkins), 232, 234. 

Simon, 233. 
Brewster, Jonathan, 46. 

Ruth, 46. 

William, 46. 
Bridge, Anna (Harrington), 92. 

Henrietta, 91, 92. 

Richard Perkins, 92. 
Brooks, Abigail (Brown), 206, 

Anna (Gorham), 206. 

Caleb, 205, 

Chapin Kidder, 79. 

Charles Appleton, 83, 79. 

Edward, 205. 

Eleanor, 200, 202. 

Ellen (Shepherd), 206. 

Grace, 205. 

Gorham, 206. 

Guy, 84, 79- 

Helen Lawrence (Appleton), 80, 
78. 

John Graham, 78, 79. 

Lawrence, 205, 204. 






INDEX 



i3^ 



Brooks, Lawrence Graham, 82, 

Mary (Bontwell), 205. 

Pamelia (Graham), 79. 

Peter Chardon (ist), 206. 

Peter Chardon, 106, 202, 207. 

Samuel, 205. 

Capt. Samuel, 205. 

Sarah (Boylston), 205. 

Sarah (Lawrence), 114, 106, 

Thomas, 205. 
Brown, Abigail, 206. 

Alida (Carroll), 135, 

Catharine, 147. 

Joanna (Cotton), 206. 

John, 206. 

John Marshall, 135. 

Lucy, 140. 

Mary, 231. 

Mary Brewster, 135. 

Phebe, 168. 
Buckland, Benjamin, 107. 

Rachel (Wheatly), 107. 
Buckminster, Elizabeth (Clarke 

Joan, 214. 

John, 214. 

Joseph, 214. 

Martha (Sharp), 214. 

Mary, 91. 

Mary, 212, 214. 

Sarah (Baxter), 212, 214. 

Thomas, 214. 

Thomas (2d), 212, 214. 
Bulkley, Edward, 242. 

Katharine, 242. 
Bullard, Ann, 91, 93, 
Bunker, Nathan, 18. 

Sallie Cresson, 18. 
Burditt, Hannah, 237. 

Robert, 237. 

Ruth, 237. 
Bumham, Mary, 92. 
Bussey, Maria, 153. 
Butler, Isabel, 2. 

Sir John, of Rawcliffe, 2. 

Cabot, Elizabeth, 178. 

Francis, 178. 

Mary (Fitch), 178. 

Susanna, 178. 
Cantey, Sarah, 133. 
Cargyl, Maryanne, 193. 
Carroll, Alida, 135. 
Caryl, Christina Dakin, 41. 

Alexander Hamilton, 41. 

Elizabeth (Kip), 41. 



78. 



202. 



), 214. 



Champney, Noah, 177. 

Sarah, 177. 

Sarah (Tunnel), 177. 
Chandler, Annis, 214. 

Dorothy (I'ainc), 215. 

Elizabeth, 213, 216. 

Elizabeth (Douglas), 215. 

Elizabeth (Kugglcs), 216. 

Gardiner, 216. 

Hannah (Gardiner), 215. 

John, 215. 

John (2d), 215. 

John (3d), 215. 

John (4th), 215. 

Mary (Church), 215. 

Mary (Raymond), 215. 

Sarah (Clarke), 215. 

William, 214. 
Chapman, Elizabeth, 49. 

Elizabeth Stewart, 50. 

Henry, 50. 
Chauncy, Charles, 38. 

Elizabeth (Hirst), ;iS. 

Sarah, 38. 
Cheney, Margaret, 162. 

Martha, 162. 

Sarah Maria, 96. 

William, 162. 
Chipman, Bethia, 213. 

John, 213. 
Choate, Mary, 188. 
Church, Col. Benjamin, 215. 

Dea. Benjamin, 221. 

Charles, 215. 

Martha, 221. 

Mar)', 215. 
Clark, Elizal>eth, 199. 

Harriet Fairfax, 211. 
Clarke, Elizabeth, 214. 

Hugh, 214. 

Sarah, 215. 

Timothy, 215. 
Cleaveland, Abigail (Paine), 188. 

Catherine Atherton (Means), 187. 
190. 

Katherine I^WTence, 1S7, 192. 

John, 188, 189. 

Josiah, 188. 

Josiah, Jr., 188. 

Mary (Dodge), 18S. 

Mary (Neale) Foster, 1S8. 

Nehemiah, 187, 189, 190, 19J. 

Dr. Nehemiah, 1S9. 
Cleveland, Anna, l6j. 

Grover, 162. 



332 



INDEX 



Cleveland, Moses, i88. 

Richard F., 162. 
Coffin, Ann (Holmes), 199. 

Deborah, 150. 

Elizabeth, 199. 

William, 199. 
Colt, Lisette de Wolf, 144. 
Coolidge, Harold Jefferson, 208. 

Joseph Randolph, 208. 

Julia (Gardner), 208. 
Cotton, Joanna, 206. 
Coxe, Charles, 133. 

Eliza Augusta, 133. 

Susanna, 108. 
Crehore, George Clarendon, 201. 

Katharine Leighton, 201. 

Lucy (Daniel), 201. 
Cromwell, Jane, 210. 
Crowninshield, Elizabeth, 139. 
Cumming, Katharine, 133. 
Cunningham, Abigail (Leonard), 221. 

Andrew, 220. 

Andrew (2d), 221. 

Charles, 221, 222. 

Constance, 219, 219. 

Elizabeth (Boylston), 221. 

Elizabeth (Wheeler), 220. 

Frederic, Sr., no, 217, 222. 

Frederic, 219, 322. 

Frederic, 220, 219. 

Harriet Cutler, 218, 219. 

Hetty Sullivan, 2 1 7, 219. 

Hetty Sullivan (Lawrence), II8, 
219. 

James, 220. 

Julia, 217, 222. 

LawTcnce, 222, 219. 

Martha (Church), 221. 
I Mary (Lewis), 221. 

Roxalina (Dabney), 221. 

Sarah (Gibson), 220. 

Sarah Maria (Parker), 217, 222. 

Susanna, 221, 219. 

William, 220. 
Cutler, Mary Anne, 106. 

Dabney, John Bass, 222. 

Roxalina, 222. 
Dana, Ann (Bullard), 91. 

Benjamin, 91. 

Henrietta (Bridge), 91, 92. 

Joseph, 91. 

Rev. Joseph, 91, 92. 

Mary (Buckmijister), 91. 

Mary Fulham (Moore), 91. 



Dana, Mary (Staniford), 92. 

Mary (Turner), 92. 

Rebecca (Hamblet), 91. 

Richard, 91, 93, 94, 

Samuel, 91, 92. 

Susan Coombs, 91, 103. 

William, 93. 
Dane, John, 215. 
Daniel, Lucy, 201. 
Daniels, Caroline Keith, 75. • 

Caroline (Keith), 75. 

Luther, 75. 
Darling, Elizabeth, 47. 
Davis, Amasa, 24. 

Caleb, 24. 

Elizabeth, 17, 24. 

Elizabeth H. (Basset), 81. 

Katharine Sawin, 81. 

Joshua, 24. 

Robert, 24. 

Sarah (Pierpont), 24. 

William H., 81. 
Dawes, Hannah, 149. 
Derby, Arthur Lawrence, 145, 136. 

Augustine, 144, 136. 

Charles Albrecht, 139, 134. 

Elias Hasket, 139. 

Elias Hasket, Jr., 139. 

Elias Hasket (3d), 140. 

Elizabeth (Crowninshield), 139. 

Elizabeth (Hasket), 137. 

Eloise, 140, 135. 

Eloise Lloyd (Strong), 140. 

Francis, 146, 137. 

George Strong, 141, 135. 

Hasket, 134, 141. 

Lucretia (Hillman), 137. 

Lucy (Brown), 140. 

Martha (Hasket), 137. 

Mary (Hodges), 138. 

Mary Brewster (Brown), 135. 

Richard, 137. 

Capt. Richard, 138. 

Robert Mason, 143, 136. 

Roger, 137. 

Sarah (Mason), 138, 134. 

Stephen, 137. 

Stephen Hasket, 142, 135, 136. 
Dix, Margaret, 94. 
Dodge, Elizabeth, 232. 

Hannah, 232. 

Mary, 188. 

Mary (Choate), 188. 

Parker, 188. 

William, 232. 



INDEX 



3Zi 



Douglas, Elizabeth, 215. 

William, 215. 
Dudley, Ann, 233. 

Eleazer A., 233. 

Thomas, 233. 
Duncan, Mary, 147. 

Peter, 147. 
Dwight, Dorothy, 248. 

Joseph, 248, 

Eames, Hannah, 248. 

Robert, 248. 
Edgar, Mary Edmundson, 196. 
Elliott, Ann, 197. 

Robert, 197. 
Ellis, Caleb, 25, 192. 

Nancy (Means), 25, 28, 192. 
Emlen, Elizabeth, 174. 
Emmons, Lydia, 170. 
Endicott, Martha, 241, 

John, 241. 

Samuel, 241. 
Evans, Joanna, 224. 
Everard, Judith, 118. 

Faulkner, Francis, 248. 

Rebecca, 248. 
Fitch, Elizabeth (Grimes), 234. 

Elizabeth (Walker), 234. 

Mary, 178. 

Mary, 234. 

Sally, 225, 234. 

Samuel, 234. 

Samuel, Jr., 234. 

Sarah (Lane), 234. 

Zachariah, 225, 234. 

Zachary, 234. 
Fletcher, Rebecca Chamberlain, 165. 
Fosdick, Christina Dakin (Caryl), 41. 

Charles, 34, 42. 

Charles Mussey, 36, 42, 

David, 44, 44. 

Lucy, 46, 44. 

David, 47. 

Dea. David, 47, 48. 

Rev. David, 41, 45, 48. 

Elsie Woodbury, 37, 42. 

Frederick, 39, 43. 

Frederick Woodbury, 40, 43. 

George, 33, 42. 

James, 46, 47. 

James, Jr., 46, 47. 

Joanna (Skelton), 47. 

John, 45. 

Lucy, 46, 44. 



Fosdick, Lucy Maria (Hill), 43. 
Margaret Willis, 35, ^z. 
Marion l^w rente, 38, 42. 
Mary, 32, 42. 
Mary Louise (Snow), 42. 
Mercy (Pickett). .j6. 
Miriam Eddy, 43, 43. 
Nellie, 41, 43. 
I^ose, 45, 44. 
Richard Cottin, 42, 43. 
Samuel, 46. 
Capt. Samuel, 46. 
Samuel Woodburj-, 31, 41. 
Sarah, 47. 

Sarah LawTence (WoodburyX 3©, 
41, 49. 

Sarah Woodbury, 47, 45. 

Stephen, 45. 

William, 47. 
Foster, Abigail (Poor), 248. 

Abraham, 24S. 

Alfred Dwight, 249. 

Dorothy Dwight, 243, 247. 

Dorothy (Dwight), 248. 

Dwight, 248. 

Dwight (2d), 249. 

Ephraim, 248. 

Ephraim, Jr., 248. 

Hannah (Eames), 248. 

Harriette Story (LawTcnce), 168, 
247, 250. 

Henrietta Perkins ( Baldwin), 249. 

Jedediah, 248. 

LawTence, 244, 247. 

Lydia (Stiles), 249. 

Mary, 239. 

Mary (Neale), 188. 

Maxwell Evarts, 246, 247. 

Rebecca (Faulkner), 248. 

Reginald, of Hoxford, 239, 240. 

Reginald, " the first," 248. 

Reginald, 247, 249, 250. 

Reginald, 245, 247, 

Ruth, 242, 247. 

Sarah, 6. 

Sarah, 221. 
Fowle, Joanna, 210. 

Ruth (Ingalles), 2ia 

Zachary, 210. 
Franklin, Martha, 124. 
Frothingham, James, 47. 

Mary, 47. 

William, 47. 

Gardiner, Hannah, 215. 



334 



INDEX 



Gardiner, John, 215. 
Gardner, Mary, 20S. 
Garrison, Charlotte, 35. 

Mary, 35. 
Gerard, Sir Gilbert, 2. 

Sir Thomas, 2. 
Gibson, Sarah, 220. 

William, 220. 
Glidden, Elisha, 15. 
Goddard, Cornelia (Amory), 109. 

Sarah, 23. 
Goodale, EUzabeth, 176. 
GooU, Sarah, 180. 
Gorham, Anna, 206. 

Nathaniel, 206. 
Graham, Pamelia, 79. 
Graves, Katharine, 178. 
Gray, Anna Sophia Lyman (Mason), 

143- 
John Chipman, 143. 

Greely, Ann, 108. 

Jonathan, 108. 
Green, Caroline Sargent, $8, 58. 

EUza (Lawrence), 9, 7, 62, 63. 

Elizabeth Lawrence, 63a, 61, 62. 

Ellen, 59. 

Henry Atkinson, 57, 58, 59. 

Dr. Joshua, 57, 62, 63. 

Joshua, 62. 

Joshua, 63b, 62. 

Mary (Mosley), 62. 

Percival, 59. 

Samuel Abbott, 63, 59-61. 

William Lawrence, 55, 57. 

William LawTence, 56, 57. 

WilUam Lawrence, 62, 58, 59. 
Greene, Elizabeth (Clark), 199. 

Gardiner, 199. 

Katherine, 179. 

Mary Copley, 199. 
Grimes, Elizabeth, 234. 

William, 234. 

Harrington, Abraham, 95. 

Anna, 92. 

Elizabeth, 95. 

Hepzibah, 95. 
Hasket, EUzabeth, 137. 

Martha, 137. 
Hastings, Anna (Cleveland), 161, 
162. 

Caroline Ella, 161, 162. 

Eurotas Parmele, 161, 162. 

Margaret (Cheney), 162. 

Susanna, 162. 



Hastings, Thomas, 162. 
Haughton, Alan Randolph, 185, 184. 
Alison Tumbull Lawrence, 186, 
184. 

Benjamin, 184. 

Malcom Graeme, 183, 184. 

Malcom Graeme, Jr., 184, 183. 

Mary Nisbet (Lawrence), 67, 183. 

Lawrence, 183, 183. 

Percy Duncan, 187, 184. 

Rachel, 184. 
Hayward, Annie (Upton), 85. 

George, 85. 

Georgiana, 85. 
Hemenway, Augustus, Sr., 227. 

Augustus, III, 223, 229. 

Augustus, 223, 223. 

Charles Porter, 230. 

Charlotte, 225, 223. 

Elizabeth (Weeks), 224. 

Elizabeth (Hewes), 224. 

Ellen Louise (Tileston), 230. 

Harriett Dexter (Lawrence), I19, 
223. 

Hetty Lawrence, 226, 223. 

Hope, 224, 223. 

Joanna (Evans), 224. 

Joshua, 224. 

Joshua, Jr., 224. 

Lawrence, 227, 223. 

Margaret, 224. 

Mary, 224. 

Mary, 228, 223. 

Mary (Tileston), 227, 228, 230. 

Phineas, 224. 

Ralph, 223. 

Rebecca, 224. 

Sally (Upton), 226, 231. 

Lieut. Samuel, 224. 

Dr. Samuel, 226. 

Sarah (Stevens), 224. 
Herrick, Henry, 232. 

Lydia, 232. 
Hewes, Elizabeth, 224. 
Hickling, Catharine Green, 158. 

Thomas, 158. 
Higginson, Elizabeth (Cabot), 178. 

Sarah, 178. 

Stephen, 178. 
Hill, Abigail (Coffin), 43. 

Lucy Maria, 43. 
Hillman, Lucretia, 137. 
Hinckley, Jerusha, 237. 

Sophia, 143. 
Hodges, Mary, 138. 



INDEX 



335 



Holbrook, John, 237. 

Ruth, 237. 
Holden, Mary, 94. 
Holmes, Ann, 199. 

Francis, 198, 199. 

Rebecca, 198. 
Hook, Jacob, 120. 

Mary, 120. 
Hopkins, Huldah, 29. 
Houston, Rebecca, 198. 
Howland, John, 214. 

Ingalles, Ruth, 210. 
Ingalls, Abigail, 237. 

John, 237. 

Lydia, 237. 

Jackson, Hannah, 180. 

Harriet, 87. 

Martha Ann, 94, 96. 
Jennison, Lydia, 94. 

Samuel, 94. 
Johnston, Clementine, 129. 
Jusserand, Elise (Richards), 33. 

Jean Jules, 33. 

Keith, Caroline, 75. 
Kelleran, Edward, ^2- 

Capt. Edward, 34. 

Lucy Ellen, 33. 
Kendall, Amos, 61. 

Jane (Kyle), 61. 

John, 61. 
Knight, Margaret, 240. 

Lamb, Aimee 153, 148. 

Annie Lawrence, 156, 148. 

Annie Lawrence (Rotch), 151, 14S. 

Benjamin Rotch, 154, 148. 

Edith Duncan, 157, 148. 

Hannah (Dawse), 149. 

Horatio Appleton, 148, 149. 

Rosamond, 155, 148. 

Thomas, 152, 148. 

Thomas, 149. 
Lane, Job, 234. 

Sarah, 107. 

Sarah, 234. 
Lawrence. 

Abbott, 8, 7, 49, 52-56, 272, 279. 
(Family No. 6.) 

Abbott, S3, 52, 159, 163, 273. (Fam- 
ily No. 19.) 

Abbott, 163, 159, i6a 

Abbott, 167a, 161. 



Lawrence. 

Abigail ( Abl)ott). 6. 
Alisun Turnhiill, 68, 67, 1S4. 
Alison (Turnlmll), Oj. 68. 6.). 71. 
Amory Appkton, 115, 106, 307, 

209. (Family No. 26.) 
Amos, 6. 
Amos, 5, 6, 25-29. 272-J74, J76, 

277. (Family No. 4.) 
Amos Adams, 26, 25. 106,111-117, 

121, 273. (Family No. 15.) 
Amos Amory, 206, 207. 
Anna Mari.%'ii, 13, 75,76. (Fam- 
ily No. 9.) 
Annie Higdow. 48, .\'), 143, 272. 

(Family No. 17.) 
Arthur, HI, loi, 184-187. (Family 

No. 22.) 
Caroline Ella (Hastings), 161, i6j. 
Caroline Estelle (.Mudf-e). 235, 238. 
CaroHne Tumbull, 71, 68. 
Catharine, 14, 14, 76. (Family No. 

10.) 
Charles, 64, 63. 
Edith, 208, 208. 
Elinor, 215, 217. 
Eliza, 9, 7, 57, 62, 63. (Family 

No. 7.) 
Elizabeth, 4. 

Elizabeth Andrews, 13, 14. 
Elizalxith (Chapman), 49, 52. 
Elizabeth Prescott, 229, 235. 
Elizabeth (I'rescott), 153, 159. 
Emily, 12, 13. 
Emily Fairfax (Silsbee), 207, 20S, 

211. 
Fanny, 24, 20, 85, 272. (F"amily 

No. 13.) 
Francis William, 1 10, 94. f>6-ioo. 
Frederic Cunningham, 216, 217. 
George, 50, 49. 
George, 66, 67. 
George Henry, 20, 20. 
Geraldine, 240, 244. 
Gertrude, 161, 153,238, 239. (Fam- 
ily No. 31.) 
Gertrude Major (Rlake), 208, 212. 
Hannali (Tarliell), 5. 
Harriet Kordman. 23, 20, 82, 273. 

(Family No. 12.) 
Harriett Dexter, II9, III, 223. 

(Family No. 29.) 
Harriette Paige. 241, 244. 
Harriette .Story. 168, 163, 247 

(Family No. 35) 



33^ 



INDEX 



Lawrence. 

Harriette Story White (Paige), 159, 

163, 165. 
Helen Atherton, 192, 188. 
Henry, 4. 
Henry, 65, 63-67. 
Hester, 238, 244. 
Hetty Sullivan, 1 1 8, no, 219. 

(Family No. 28.) 
Isabel Cleaveland, 191, 188. 
James,49, 49, 153-155, 272. (Fam- 
ily No. 18.) 
James, 160, 153, 235, 236. (Family 

No. 30.) 
James, 230, 235. 
Sir James, 2. 
John, 4. 
John, 5. 
John, 166, 161, 244-247. (Family 

No. 34.) 
John Abbott, 51, 49, 272. 
John of Ramsey, 270. 
John of Rumburgh, 255, 257. 
John of Wissett, 265. 
Sir John, 2. 

Sir John of St. Ives, 270. 
Sir John, Lord Mayor, 271. 
John Silsbee, 207, 207, 208. 
Julia, 210, 217. 
Julia (Cunningham), 217, 222. 
Katharine, 234, 242. 
Katharine Bigelow, 54, 52, 171, 

273. (Family No. 20.) 
Katharine (Bigelow), 49, 52, 272. 
Katharine (Bulkley), 242. 
Katharine Lawrence (Cleaveland), 

187, 192. 
Lucilla (Train), 92, 96. 
Lucy (Bigelow), 13, 16. 
Luther, 2, 6, 13-16. (Family No. 2.) 
Lydia Elizabeth, 18, 20, 272, 273. 
Madeleine, 190, 188. 
Marian, 209, 217. 
Marianne Appleton, 1 13, 106, 196, 

201. (Family No. 24.) 
Marie Therese (Mauran), 63. 
Martha Endicott (Peabody), 244. 
Mary, 4. 

Mary, 7, 7, 40. (Family No. 5.) 
Mary, 239, 244. 
Mary Bordman, 22, 20, 272. 
Mary Means, 28, 25, 272, 273. 
Mary Nisbet, 67, 67, 183. (Family 

No. 21.) 
Nancy Means (Ellis), 25, 192. 



Lawrence. 

Nathaniel, 5. 
Nicholas, 3. 
Nisbet, 69, 67. 

Prescott, 162, 153, 242, 243. (Fam- 
ily No. 32.) 
Richard, 231, 235. 
Richard, 255. 

Richard of Rumburgh, 263. 
Sir Robert of Ashton Hall, I. 
Sir Robert, 2, 3. 
Robert Ashton, 167, 161. 
Robert Means, 29, 25, 26, 272. 
Robert Means, 112, loi, 187, 194- 

196. (Family No. 23.) 
Robert Means, 193, 188. 
Rosamond, 164, 160, 243. (Family 

No. 33.) 
Rosamond, 212, 217. 
Rufus Bigelow, 15, 14. 
Ruth, 213, 217. 
Sallie Cresson (Bunker), 18. 
Samuel, I, 6-10, 255,271, 274-276. 

(Family No. i.) 
Samuel, 3, 6. 
Samuel, 10, 7, 63, 68-74. (Family 

No. 8.) 
Samuel, 70, 68. 
Samuel Abbott, 17, 18, 19. 
Sarah, 19, 20, 273. 
Sarah, 114, 106, 202. (Family No, 

25.) 
Sarah, 211, 217. 
Sarah Elizabeth (Appleton), 106, 

III, 121. 
Sarah (Morse), 5. 
Sarah (Richards), 25, 28, 272, 273, 

276. 
Susan, 6, 6. 
Susan Coombs (Dana), 91, 92, 103, 

105. 
Susan Dana, 189, 185. 
Susan Elizabeth, 21, 20,80,82, 272. 

(Family No. 11.) 
Susan Mason, 117, 106, no. 
Susan Ruggles (Bordman), 17, 20, 

24. 
Susanna, 27, 25, 121, 143, 273. 

(Family No. 16.) 
Susanna (Batchelder), 4. 
Susanna (Parker), 6, 11-13. 
Susanna (Prescott), 156. 
Thomas of Rumburgh, 255, 256. 
Thomas of Rumburgh (2d), 259. 
Timothy Bigelow, 52, 49-52, 273. 



INDEX 



:o-22. (Family 



Lawrence. 

William, 156. 
William, 4, 6, 17 
No. 3.) 

William, 116, 106, 217-219, 222. 
(Family No. 27.) 
I William Appleton, 214, 217. 

William Bordman, 16, 17, 272. 

William of St. Ives, 254, 255. 

William Paige, 165, 160. 

William Richards, 25, 25, 33, 91, 
92, 101-106, 272. (Family No. 
14.) 

William Richards, 188, 1S5. 
Lee, Harriet Paine (Rose), 203, 242. 

John Clarke, 203, 242. 

Rose, 203. 

Marianne Cabot, 242. 
Leonard, Abigail, 221. 

Zephaniah, 221. 
Lewis, Joseph, 221. 

Mary, 221. 
Lincoln, George, 212. 

Georgiana DeV., 212. 
Linzee, Hannah, 159. 
Lobdell, Rebecca, 108. 
Loker, John, 156. 

Mary, 156. 
Lord, Elisha, 189. 

Experience, 186. 

Tamersine (Coit), 189. 
Loring, Ann (Greely), 108. 

Anna Pierce (Brace), 109. 

Caleb, 108. 

Caleb (2d), 108. 

Caleb (3d), 108. 

Caleb William, 109. 

Charles Greely, 108, 109. 

Cornelia (Goddard), 109. 

Elizabeth (Baker), 108. 

Elizabeth Smith (Peabody), 109. 

Jane Newton, 106. 

John, 107. 

Margaret (Tidmarsh), roS. 

Mary Ann (Putnam), 109. 

Rachel (Buckland), 107. 

Rebecca (Lobdell), 108. 

Sarah (Bradford), io8. 

Susanna (Coxe), 108. 

Thomas, 106, 107. 

William Caleb, 106, 109, 
Lowell, Abbott Lawrence, 

Amy, 182, 175. 

Anna Parker, 173. 

Augustus, 171, 1S0-183. 



33? 



no. 

170. 



173- 



Lowell, Kbener^r. 177. 

KlizalKjth, 175, 1;^. 

Elizabeth (Cutis) Whipple, 177. 

Elizabeth (Goodalc), 176. 

George, 174. 

Francis Calxjt, 180. 

George Gardner, 173. 

Hannah (Jackson), i.Sa 

Hannah (Shailer), 177. 

Harriet, 174. 

John, 176. 

John (2d), 177. 

John (3d), 178, 179. 

Rev. John, 177. 

Judge John, 17S. 

John Amory, 179, iSo. 

Katharine, 171, 174. 

Katharine Bigelow (I^wTencc). 54, 
52, 171. 

May, i8l, 175. 

Mary, 176. 

Mary Ellen (Parker), 173. 

Percival, 169, 1 71-173. 

Rebecca, 176. 

Roger, 180, 175. 

Susan Cabot, iSo. 
Lowle, or Ix)well, Percival, 176. 

William, 176. 
Lyman, Anna Huntington, 143. 

Jonathan Huntington, 143. 

Sophia (Hinckley), 143. 

Maber, Mary, 231. 
Macarty, Christian, 147. 

Esther, 147. 

Florence, 147. 
Macy, Deborah (Coffin), 150. 

Love, 150. 

Thomas, 150. 
Makepeace, Sally, 212. 
Manning, Abby Pickard, 19a 

Elizabeth (Pickard), 190. 

John, 189. 

Joseph, 19a 

Lucy, 189. ' 

Lucy (Bowles), i8<). 
Marion, Elizabeth. 17a 
Marshall, Abigail, 170. 
Mason, Anna Huntington (I.)'man). 

143- 
Amos LawTence, 120, i:<>-i3i. 

Anna Sophia Lyni;tn, 143. 

Charles, 121, 142. i'>i- 

Charles Jeremiah. 143. 

Harriet Sargent, 143. 



338 



INDEX 



Mason, Jeremiah, 142, 191. 

John, 129. 

Marion Steedman, 129, 129. 

Mary, 130, 131, 132. 

Mary, 138, 134- 

Mary (Means), 142. 

Susan Lawrence, 120, 121. 

Susanna (Lawrence), 27, 121, 143, 
191. 
Mauran, Marie Therese, 63. 

Joseph, 63. 

Sophie Russell (Sterry), 63. 
McClure, Ellen Louise, 86. 
McGregor, David, 191, 193. 

James, 193. 

Mary, 191, 194. 

Mary (Boyd), 194. 

Maryanne (McGregor), 193. 
Means, Catherine (Atherton), 187, 
190, 192. 

David McGregor, 187, 190. 

Elizabeth, 191. 

Mary, 142. 

Mary (McGregor), 25, 191, 194. 

Robert, 25, 191, 192, 194. 

Thomas, 191. 
Mears, Abigail, 38. 
Meredith, Frances Amory, 59, 58. 

Gertrude Emily, 60, 58. 

William Appleton, 58. 

William Morris, 61, 58. 
Merrick, Esther, 212. 
Minns, Mary, 229. 

William, 229. 
Minot, Charles Sedgwick, 44. 

Elizabeth (Whitney), lOO, 87. 

George Richards, 87. 

George Richards, loi, 87. 

Harriet (Jackson), 87. 

Henry Whitney, 103, 87. 

James Jackson, 87. 

James Jackson, I02, 87. 

Katherine (Sedgwick), 44. 

William, 44. 
Moore, Mary Fulham, 91. 
Morse, Hannah, 5. 

John, 5. 

Sarah, 5. 
Motley, Anna Lothrop, 153. 

Maria (Bussey), 153. 

Thomas, 153. 
Mudge, Caroline Augusta (Patten), 
235' 238. 

Caroline Estelle, 235, 238. 

Enoch, 237. 



Mudge, Rev. Enoch, 237. 
Enoch Redington, 235, 238. 
Jerusha Holbrook (Hinckley), 237. 
John, 237. 
John (2d), 235. 
John (3d), 235. 
Lydia, 237. 
Lydia (Ingalls), 237, 
Mary, 237. 
Mary (Waite), 237. 
Ruth (Burditt), 237. 
Thomas, 236. 

Newton, Jane, 106. 
Nisbet, Alison, 74. 

Anne (Tweedie). 74. 

Charles, 74. 

Mary, 63, 74- 

William, 74. 
Nourse, Anne Augusta, 239. 

OUver, Abigail, 157. 

Andrew, 122, 122-124. 

Charles Edward, I2I, 121, 122. 

Daniel, 126. 

Edward Pulling, 125, 125. 

Everard La^Tence, 126, 126. 

Fitch Edward, 121, 126-129. 

John, 118. 

Mary, 118. 

Mary Mason, 123, 124. 

Mary Robinson (Pulling), 126. 

Susan Lawrence, 127, 126. 

Susan Lawrence (Mason), 120, 121. 

Dr. Thomas, 126. 

Thomas, 157. 
Olmstead, Caroline, 148. 

Paige, Christopher, 164. 

Christopher, Jr., 165. 

Elizabeth (Reed), 164. 

Harriette Story White, 159. 

Harriette Story (White), 159, 165, 
169. 

James William, 159, 165-167, 169. 

Joanna, 164. 

Nathaniel, 163, 164. 

Rebecca Chamberlain (Fletcher), 
165. 

Timothy, 164. 

William, 164. 
Paine, Abigail, 188. 

Dorothy, 215. 

Hannah, 118. 

Nathaniel, 215. 



I 



INDEX 



iZ9 



Paine, William, ii8. 

Panthuit, Elizabeth, 176. 

Parker, Julia Maria (Stevens), 222. 

Mary Ellen, 173. 

Samuel, 222. 

Sarah Maria, 217, 222. 

Sarah (Richardson), 6. 

Susanna, 6. 

William, 6. 

William, 222. 
Parmenter, John, 215. 
Parsons, Jeffrey, 124. 

Martha (Franklin), 124. 

Mary Mason (Oliver), 123, 124. 

Theophilus, 124. 

Theophilus (Ch. J.), 124. 

Thomas, 124. 

Susan Lawrence, 124, 124. 
Patten, Caroline Augusta, 235, 238. 

John, 238. 

Olive, 238. 
Peabody, Catherine (Smith), 241. 

Dorothy (Perkins), 240. 

Elizabeth Smith, 109. 

EUzabeth (Smith), 241. 

Francis, Jr., 239, 243. 

Lieut. Francis, 239, 240. 

Comet Francis, 240. 

Dea. Francis, 240. 

Col. Francis, 241. 

Gertrude (Lawrence), 161, 153, 
238, 239. 

Harold, 233, 238. 

Isaac, 240. 

John Endicott, 238, 242. 

Joseph, 240, 241. 

Joseph Augustus, 109. 

Louisa (Putnam), 109. 

Margaret (Knight), 240. 

Marianne Cabot (Lee), 241, 243. 

Marion Lee, 232, 238. 

Martha, 236, 243. 

Martha Endicott, 239, 244. 

Martha (Endicott), 241. 

Martha Prince (Whitney), 239. 

Mary (Foster), 239, 240. 

Rosamond (Lawrence), 164, 243. 

Rosamond, 235, 243. 

Samuel Endicott, 233a, 239. 

Samuel Endicott, 241-244. 

Sarah, 240. 

Sylvia, 237, 243. 
Pedrick, John, 170. 

Mehitable, 170. 

Mehitable (Stacy), 170. 



Percival, Edmund, 176. 

Elizabeth (Tunthuit), 176. 
Perkins, Dorothy, 240. 

Sarah, 232. 

Sarah, 232. 234. 

William, 234. 
Pickard, Elizabeth, 190. 

Mary Lovell, 77. 
Pickering, Elizabeth, 21a 

Hannah, 210. 

Jane (Cromwell), 21a 

Jonathan, 210. 
PhilUps. Abigail, 133. 
Pickett. Mercy, 46. 
Pierce, Franklin, 192. 

Jane (Applcton), 192. 
Platts, Mar)', 155, 156. 
Poor, Abigail, 248. 

Joseph, 248. 
Pope, John, 213. 

Patience, 213. 
Porter, Anna, 233. 

Dudley, 233. 

Dudley (2d), 230, 233. 

Hannah (Dodge), 232. 

John, the immigrant, 23a. 

John, 232. 

Lydia (Herrick), 232. 

Mar)-, 230, 233. 

Polly (Austin), 233. 

Sally, 233. 

Samuel, 232. 

Samuel (2d), 232. 

Samuel (3d), 233. 
Poyntz, Susanna, 204. 

Thomas, 204. 
Pratt, Elizabeth, 85, 89. 

George Langdon, 83. 

John, 89. 

Mary Bryant, 8^. 

Mary (Tewksbury), 89. 

Sarah (Weld), S^. 
Prentiss, Elizabeth, 38. 

Elizabeth (Rand), 38. 

Henry, 38. 
Prescott, Abigail (Hale), 158. 

Abigail (Oliver), 157. 

Penjamin, 157. 

Catharine Green (Hickling), 158. 

Elizabeth, 153, 159. 

Jonas, 156. 

John, 155, 156. 

Lucy, 4<), 57- 

Lydia (Haldwin), 57. 

Mary (Loker), 156. 



340 



INDEX 



Prescott, Mary (Platts), 155, 156, 

Oliver, 57. 

Susan (Amory), 153. 

Susanna, 156. 

Col. William, 157. 

William, 158. 

William Hickling, 153, 159. 
Proctor, Edith, 177. 

George, 177. 

Hannah, 177. 
Pulling, Mary Robinson, 126. 
Putnam, Augustus Lowell, I79a'i 
174. 

Elizabeth Cabot, 180. 

Elizabeth (Lowell), 174. 

Elizabeth (Ware), 175. 

George, 176, I74- 

George, 174. 

Rev. George, 175. 

Harriett, 179, 174. 

Harriet (Lowell), 174. 

Katharine Lawrence, 177, 174. 

Mary Ann, 109. 

Roger Lowell, 178, 174. 

Samuel, 109. 

Samuel, 180. 

Sarah (Gooll), 180. 

William Lowell, 174, 175. 
Pym, Hannah, 133. 

Radcliffe, Anne, 2, 

Isabel (Butler), 2. 

Thomas, of Wynmarleigh, 2. 
Rand, Elizabeth, 38. 
Randolph, Jane Margaret, 149. 
Raymond, Elizabeth (Smith), 215. 

Joshua, 215. 

Mary, 215. 
Reed, George, 164. 

Elizabeth, 164. 

John, 34. 

Lucy, 34. 

Rachel (Thom), 34. 
Remington, Hannah (Pym), 133. 

J. B., 133. 

Mary Ann, 133. 
Rice, Agnes (Bent), 211. 

Edward, 211. 

Elizabeth C. (Blake), 212. 

Esther (Merrick), 212. 

Francis Blake, 208, 212. 

George Tilly, 212. 

Georgiana DeV. (Lincoln), 212. 

Gertrude Major, 208, 212. 

Jacob, 211. 



Rice, Mary, 211. 

Mary (Buckminster), 212. 

Sallie Blake (Austin), 208, 212. 

Sally (Makepeace), 212. 

Obadiah, 212. 

Tamazine, 211. 

Thomas, 212. 

Tilly, 212. 
Richards, Abijah, 29. 

Amos Adams, 35. 

Anna, 33. 

Arthur Waldo, 33. 

Charles, 35. 

Elise, 33. 

George Lawrence, 33. 

George Thomas, 32, 33. 

Giles, 25, 27, 29-32, 35. 

Giles, Jr., 35. 

Hannah (Upson), 29. 

Hulda (Hopkins), 29. 

Lucy Ellen (Kelleran), 33. 

Marian, 33. 

Mary Elizabeth, 35. 

Sarah, 25, 27, 32. 

Sarah (Adams), 25, 27, 30, 31, 38. 

Thomas, 29. 

William Stell, 33. 
Robinson, Susanna, 133. 
Roosevelt, Alfred, 174. 

Elfrida, 172, 174. 

Elizabeth (Emlen), 174. 

Katharine Lowell, 174, 174. 

Katharine (Lowell), 174. 

James Alfred, 173, 174. 
Rose, Harriet Paine, 242. 
Rotch, Abbott Lawrence, 159, 149. 

Aimee, 149, 146. 

Anne (Smith), 151. 

Annie Bigelow (Lawrence), 48, 49, 
143, 272. 

Annie Lawrence, 151, 148. 

Arthur, 148, 143-146. 

Arthur, 159c, 149. 

Benjamin Smith, 143, 151, 152. 

Edith, 147, 143. 

Elizabeth, 159a, 149. 

Katharine, 1 50, 148. 

Joseph, 150. 

Lisette deWolf (Colt), 144. 

Love (Macy), 1 50. 

Margaret Randolph, 159b, 149. 

William, 158, 149. 

William, 151. 
Ruddock, John, 170. 

Ruth, 170. 



\ 



INDEX 



341 



Ruggles, Elizabeth, 216. 

George, 25. 

Hannah, 24. 

Hannah (Lowden), 25. 

John, 25. 

Samuel, 24. 

Samuel, Jr., 25. 

Sarah, 25. 

Tabitha, 25. 

Timothy, 216. 
Russell, Katharine (Graves), 178. 

James, 178. 

Rebecca, 178. 

Saltonstall, Eleanor, 202, 202. 

Eleanor (Brooks), 200, 202. 

Leverett, 203, 204. 

Leverett, 201, 202. 

Muriel Gurdon, 203, 202. 

Sir Richard, 203. 

Richard Middlecott, 202, 203. 

Richard, 204, 203. 

Rose (Lee) 203. 

Susanna (Poyntz), 204. 
Sargent, CaroUne (Olmstead), 148. 

Catharine (Brown), 147. 

Daniel, 147. 

Ellen Cushman, 86. 

Ellen Louise (McCIure), 86. 

Epes, 147. 

Esther (Macarty), 147. 

Hannah (Welles), 147. 

Henry, 147. 

Henry Winthrop, 147. 

Joseph, 86. 

Mary (Duncan), 147. 

Mary (Turner), 147. 

WilHam, 146. 

William, " second," 147. 

Winthrop, 146, 148. 
Savage, Arthur, 95, 

Deborah Brown, 95. 
Sawyer, Elizabeth, 119. 

Francis, 119. 
Seaver, Anna Maria (Lawrence), II, 

75. 76. 
Edward Lowell, 72, 75. 
EHzabeth Weeks, 76. 
Emily, 74, 75. 
Heman, 76. 
Norman, 75, 76. 
Norman, 73, 75. 
Shailer, Elizabeth, 177. 
Hannah, 177. 
Michael, 177. 



Sharp, John, 214. 
Martha, 214. 

Shattuck, Amalia Schutte (Lavallc), 

00. 

Eleanor Amalia Cecilia Marguerite, 
88. 

George Brunt, S8. 
Shepard, Harriet Fairfax (Clark), 211. 

Martha Mansricld, 207, 211. 

Michael, 211. 
Shepherd, Ellen, 206. 

Kezin Davis, 207. 
Silsbee, Deborah (Tompkin.s), 210. 

Elizabeth ( Pickering ), 210. 

Emily Kair£a.\, 207, 20S, 210. 

Hannah (dickering), 210. 

Joanna (Fowle), 210. 

John Boardman, 207, 211. 

Martha, 210. 

Martha Mansfield (Shepard), 207. 

Nathaniel, 210. 

Capt. Nathaniel, 210. 

Sarah (Becket), 211. 

Sarah (Boardman), 211. 

William, 210. 

Zachariah Fowle, 211. 
Sillsbey, or Silsbee, Dorothy, 21a 

Grace, 210. 

Henry, 210. 
Skelton, Joanna, 47, 48. 

Samuel, 47, 48. 
Smith, Bethia (Chipman), 213. 

Catherine, 241. 

Deborah, 213. 

Elias, 241. 

Elizabeth, 215. 

Elizabeth, 241. 

Nehemiah, 215. 

Samuel, 213. 
Snow, Adaline (Willis), 42. 

Mary Louise, 42. 

William, 42. 
Sprague, Charles Franklin, 89, 8j, 
84. 

Elinor, 91, 83. 

Elizabeth Ix.-jce, 93, S4. 

Fanny Bordman, 88, S3. 

Harriet Bordman (Lawrence), aj, 
82. 

Marion, 90, S3. 

Peleg, 84. 

Richard, 92, 84. 

Seth Edward, S2. 84. 85. 

William Lawrence, 87, Si- 
Staniford, Daniel, 92. 



342 



INDEX 



Staniford, Mary, 92. 

Mary (Burnham), 92. 
Starbuck, Lydia, 151. 
Steedman, Charles, 129. 
Louisa Blake, 129. 
Sarah (Bishop), 129. 
Stevens, Julia Maria, 222. 

Mary, 224. 

Samuel, 224. 
Stiles, Lydia, 249. 
Stockton, Abigail, 132. 

Abigail (PhUlips), 133. 

Eleanor, 135, 132. 

Eliza Augusta (Coxe), 133. 

Ethel, 134, 132. 

Howard, 131- 134. 

Howard, Jr., 137, 132. 

Jane Mason, 136, 132. 

John, 133. 

Katharine (Gumming), 133. 

Lawrence Mason, 131, 131. 

Lucius Witham, 133. 

Mary Ann (Remington), 133. 

Mary (Mason), 130, 131, 132. 

Mary Remington, 132, 132. 

Philip, 133, 132. 

Philip, 133. 

Philip Augustus, 133. 

Richard, 132. 

Richard, Jr., 133. 

Sarah (Cantey), 133. 

Susanna (Robinson), 133. 
Stoddard, Thomas, 23. 

Susanna, 23. 
Story, Abigail (Marshall), 170. 

Betsy, 168, 171. 

Dr. Elisha, 168, 170, 171. 

Elisha, 170. 

Elizabeth (Marion), 170. 

Harriett, 171. 

Horace, 171. 

Joanna (Appleton), 170. 

Joseph, 171. 

Lydia (Emmons), 170. 

Mehitable, 171. 

Mehitable (Pedtick), 170, 171. 

Ruth (Ruddock), 170. 

Sarah, 170. 

Sarah (Stock er), 170. 

William, 170. 
Strong, Angelina (Lloyd), 140. 

Eloise Lloyd, 140. 

George W., 140. 
Stubbs, Joshua, 94. 

Mary, 94. 



Sullivan, James, 199. 

Mehetable, 199. 
Swan, Charles Young, 62. 

Elizabeth Lawrence (Green), 62. 

Mary (Lyttle), 62. 

William, 62. 

Tarbell, Hannah, or Anna, 5. 

Hannah, 5. 
Thomas, 5. 
Tewksbury, Mary, 89. 
Thom, Eliza, 80, 81. 
Thorndike, Alice (Amory), 196. 

Alice Cornelia, 196, 196. 

Augustus, 196, 197. 

Augustus, 197, 196. 

Charles, 196. 

Charles, 198, 196. 

Mary Edmundson (Edgar), 196. 

Robert Amory, 199, 196. 
Tidmarsh, Margaret, 108. 
Tileston, Ellen Louise, 230. 

Ezekiel, 229. 

Lemuel, 229. 

Mary, 227, 230, 233. 

Mary (Minns), 229. 

Mary (Porter), 230, 233. 

Thomas, the immigrant, 229. 

Thomas, 227, 230, 233. 

Timothy, 229. 

Timothy, Jr., 229. 

Sarah (Belcher), 229. 
Tompkins, Deborah, 210. 

John, 210. 

Margaret, 210. 
Train, Abigail (Bent), 94. 

Charles, 95. 

Charles Russell, 94, 95, 96. 

Deborah Brown (Savage), 95. 

Elizabeth (Harrington), 95. 

Hepzibah (Harrington), 95. 

John, 94. 

John (2d), 94. 

John (3d), 94. 

Lucilla, 94, 96. 

Lydia (Jennison), 94. 

Margaret (Dix), 94. 

Martha Ann (Jackson), 94, 96. 

Mary (Holden), 94. 

Mary (Stubbs), 94. 

Rachel (Allen), 94. 

Samuel, 94. 

Dea. Samuel, 95. 

Sarah Maria (Cheney), 96, 
Tucker, Alanson, 80, 81. 



N 



\ 



INDEX 



343 



Tucker, Alanson, 86, Si. 

Benjamin, 82. 

Eliza (Thorn), So, Si. 

Lawrence, 85, 80. 

Nathaniel, 82. 

Susan Ellen, 71. 

Susan Elizabeth (Lawrence), 21. 
So, 82. 

William Warren, 80, 82. 
Tunnel, Sarah, 177. 
Tumbull, Alison, 63, 69, 71-73. 

Mary (Nisbet), 63, 69, 73, 74. 

William, 63, 69, 74. 
Turner, John, 147. 

Mary, 147. 

Mary, 92. 

Samuel, 92. 
Tweedie, Anne, 74. 

Thomas, 74. 

Upton, Annie, 85. 
Mary (Maber), 231. 
Caleb, 231. 
Eleanor, 231. 
Jeduthun, 226, 231. 
John, 231. 
John, Jr., 231. 
Mary (Brown), 231. 
Sally, 226, 231. 
William, 231. 

Wagner, Emily, 58. 

Dr. John, 58. 

Lydia IMaria (Brett), 58. 
Waite, Anna, 237. 

Mary, 237. 

Samuel, 237. 
Walker, Ehzabeth, 234. 

Joseph, 234. 

Sarah (Wyman), 234. 
Washburn, Frances Tucker, 78. 

Francis Tucker, 78. 

Helen Lawrence (Appleton), 80, 
78. 

Susan Ellen (Tucker), 78. 

William Rounseville Pierce, 78. 
Ward. Robert F., 49. 

Sallie, 49. 
Ware, Caroline Farrar, 78, 77. 

Charles Pickard, 77. 

Elizabeth, 175. 

Elizabeth Lawrence (Appleton), 

76, 77- 
Henry, 77, 77- 
Henry, Jr., 77. 



Ware, Mary Appleton. 79, 77. 

Mary Lovcll (I'ickard), 77. 
Weeks, Elizabeth, 76. 

Elizabeth, 224. 
Weld, Sarah, ^'3. 
Welland, Mary, 213. 
Welles, Hannah, 147. 

Samuel, 147. 
Wheeler, Elizabeth, 220. 

William, 220. 
Whipple, Elizabeth (Cutts), 177. 
White, Betsy (Stor)), lOS. 

Caroline Storj-, 169. 

Charlotte Sophia, 16S. 

Elizabeth Story, 168. 

Ellen, 169. 

Francis, 168. 

Harriette Story, 165, 168, 169. 

Henry, 168. 

John, 168. 

Joseph, 168. 

Joseph, Jr., 168. 

Mary Barrow, 168. 

Phebe (Brown), 16S. 

Stephen, 165, i66, 169. 

Whitney, Anne Augusta (Nourke), 

239- 
Benjamin, 89. 

Constance, 104, 88. 

Eleanor, 109, S8. 

Elizabeth, lOO, S7. 

Elizabeth (Pratt), 85, 89. 

Ellen Cushman (Sargent), 86. 

Ellen Louise. 99a, 86. 

EUerton Pratt, 99, S6, 87. 

Fanny (Lawrence), 24, 25. 

George Hay ward, 97, 85. 

Henry Austin, 85, 88-90. 

Henry Lawrence, 94, 85. 

Henry Lawrence, 90, 85. 

Hugh, 107, 88. 

John, 89. 

Joseph, 89. 

Joseph, Jr., 85, 89. 

Joseph Cutler, 95, 85, 86, 90. 

Martha Prince, 239. 

Robert Upton, 98, 85. 

Samuel, S9. 

Thomas, 89. 

William Michael, 239. 
Wier, Ann, 199. 
Wilson, Caroline Fuller (Famr). 77. 

Charles Lush. 77. 

Clementine (Johnston), 129. 

Louisa Fuller, 77. 



344 



INDEX 



Richard Thornton, 129. 

Richard Thornton, Jr., 129. 
Woodbury, Mary (Lawrence), 7, 40. 

Samuel, 40. 

Sarah Lawrence, 30, 41. 
Wyman, Sarah, 234. 



Zerrahn, Carl, 88. 

Constance (Whitney), 88. 
Constance, 105, 88. 
Elizabeth, io6, 88. 
Franz Edouard, 88. 






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